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Illinois Staats-Zeltung . June 11 ^ 1879 • 


Tha Brangelieal Luthaxan Synod of tha District of Illinois adjoumad yastarday 
araning* It bad baan in sassion at tha Smanuel Church since last Wednesday. • • < 

The treasurer reported that about nineteen or twenty thousand dollars had been ^ 

receiyed* The report was accepted* The money will be giyan to the General ^ 

Synod of the United States when that body meets in Columbus in July. The General r^ 

Synod will apportion the money to various Srangelical Lutheran institutions* U 


H« Bartling of Addison, Dupage County, was elected treasurer for next year, and 2. 
B* Burfeind of Matteson, Cook County, was elected secretary* ^ 

The following gentleman were elected delegates to the Synodal conferences to ^ 
be held in Columbus: Professor lalder, T. Lochner, and H* Grosse~clergymen; 

• « • 

in C - 2 - GERMAN 

Illinois Staats^'Zeltmig , June 11 ^ 1879 • 

Messrs* Heinz , Zuttexnann, Frye and Lasen~laymen« 

Professor Craemer gave a memorial address yesterday at the Xmanuel Church, in 
commemoration of Reverend F« Ruland.*««iiho died in a railroad accident • Professor 
Schieferdecker, of Madison County, gave the sexmon* ^ 

Messrs* k. Wagner, W* Bartling, and H* Zuttermann were elected to the committee ^ 
on home missions* <Z 

The delegates from out of town, about three hundred, adopted resolutions express^- S 
ing thanks for the friendly reception and hospitality shown them* ^ 

The next synod will meet on Thursday after Pentecost, in 1880, at Q^incy, Illinois* ^ 


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Illinois Staat8-»Zeltmig> June 10^ 1879« 

Father Ferdinand Ealvelage of St. Franc Iscus Cburch 
Celebrates Twenty-fifth Anniversary of his 
Ordination to Priesthood 

Today aarks the passing of twenty- five years since Father Ferdinand KeULvelage ^ 
was ordained to the priesthood. The parish members are celebrating the S 
occasion. ••• ' ^^ 

Ferdinand KalTelage was bom In Lohne, near Vechta^ Germany, and came to -r? 

America In 1847, arriving In New Orleans on November 10; he was nineteen years o 

old at the time. In December of the same year he came to Chicago, where he Lo 

studied at St* liary*s University, which was situated on the present site of ^ 

the Cathedral. He completed his studies In Carondelet, Missouri ^ 

On St» Vincent De Paul Day he came to Chicago as priest of the St. Franclscus 
Church, and has remained here since that time. ...He. •••also built the Imposing 

III C - 2 - GiaiAN 

Illinois Staats-^Zeltting > June 10, 1879* 

ohurch and school, ns€ur ^elfth Street and Newbeny Avenue. 

Last sTening the school children honored the celebrant by reciting verses and 
lyrical selections. They also presented a short stage performance. 

At about eleven o*olock a serenade was given by the Catholic Casino Club. 
Anton Schager, Jr. , gave the celebrant presents trooL the Club. 

Father Ealvelage expressed his appreciation. •••amid the congratulations of 
the assenibly. Among the presents we mention the following: 


A golden chalice (given by three priests); a beautiful stole (worth $240), ^ 
from the Catholic Casino, St. Franciscus, St« John's, and St. Stanislaus en 
Young Men's club;. •••An embroidered picture, ''Die Rettung Moses'" (The 
Saying of Moses), in a luxurious gilded frame; a chair of walnut wood up- 
holstered with purple velvet (from the school children); a couch (also tram 
the school children); an embroidered stole, worth $50 (from the Franciscan 







Illinois Staats-Zeltung t June 10, 1879. 

nuns In Joliet); several works of eminent Catholic authors; two silver flower 
holders; a silver smoking set; cuid a number of bouquets. 

High liass will be read in honor of the celebrant this morning at ten, at St. 
F!ranciscus Church. ^ 

Hayden's ''Zweite Messe*' (Second Mass) and Beethoven's ''Hallelujah** will be F 
sung as acccaapaniments. At one o'clock dinner will be served at the school- ^ 
house, and in the evening a banquet will be given by the Casino. ^ 


St. Franciscus Church has been beautifully decorated. 


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IHinols Staats-Zeltixng ^ June 10 , 1879« 


The Brangellcal Lutheran Synod of the District of Illinois continued its deliber- 
ations yesterday* During the business conference it was decided to add a sixth 
professor to the faculty of the Teachers* Seminary in Addison, Du Page County* 

The financial report for the fund for deserving widows and orphans of ministers 

and teachers showed an income of $2,080 for last year. Conferences of pastoxB '^ 

and other matters were considered* 


It was decided to hold the next session at ^uincy, Illinois* ^ 

At today* s meeting an election is to be held; a treasurer and a secretary for 
the Synodal Association are to be elected* Also delegates for the Synodal Con- 
ference are to be chosen* 

A memorial service will be given tonight for Pastor Ruland, of Saxony, who died 
while traveling in America* This will bring the session to a close* 



Illinois Staats->Zeit\iiig , Jxine 10., 1879 • 

^^ranslator* s note: Pastor Ruland was killed in a railroad accident , according 
to a previous articlej^/ 





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Per Westen (Sunday Edition of the Illinois Staats-Zeitiing ) , 

June 8, 1879» 



The Illinois District of the Evangelical Lutheran Synod, covering Illinois , 
Missouri » Ohio 9 and other states, has been in session since last Wednesday at 
the Emanuel Church, at West Taylor and Brown Streets* This Synod as a vdiole 
is divided into eight districts, of which Reverend Schwan of Cleveland has 
been president for some time* 



Within the Illinois District are one hundred and thirty-one pastors and pro- 
fessors, more than a hundred school teachers, and a large number of deputies, 
eighty of whom are present at this session* Pastor Wuner of Chicago is presi- cr^ 
dent of the Illinois District; Pastor Achenbach of Venedey, Washington County, 
is vice president; and B* Burfeind of Uadison, Cook County, is secretary* 

Pastor Schwan of Cleveland opened the. session on Wednesday morning with cus- 
tomary formalities at the Emanuel Church* During the afternoon. Pastor Wunder 


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Dt leaf n (Sonday Idition of the IHlnols Staats^^Zeltung) » 

June 89 1879* 

f Hr- 

presided; the regular organisational Batters were attended to, and new Manbere 
were inducted* 

It was resolred that the appended articles of faith should be discussed during 
the aoming session* Professor Orosse of Addison » Dupage County » was the prin^ 
eipal speaker on this subject* 


The teachings of the Papists that no aan can be sure of the state of grace with« 
out a rerelation, is anti-Ghristian and an error* 

Xbr* lit I; Matth* U, 28-38 fs^^f 

^translator's note: Altogether serea theological assertions believed in by the 
Lutherans are listed*/ 


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Per Waeten (SoaAay Idltion of the nilnola Staats^^Zeltung) ^ 

June 89 1879« 


On Thuraday af tamoon a report waa giTen eoneemlng the eonditlon and reqairttnenta 
of the Tort Wayne aohool, vhieh foUoira the Geman ayaten of inatmetion. The 
aehool haa aix claaaea« There la only one other aehool of ita kind in Aaericai 
in Watertoant Wiaeonain* Alao aattara concerning the Synodal Teachera* Seminary 
at Addiaon were diacuaaed* 

llection of off icera for the next three yeara waa held on Friday af tamoon* 

Paatora Vender and Aahanbach were re-»elected» Paator Brauer of Grate ^ Will o 
County 9 waa elected *'Tiaitor*' for Northern Illinoiay and Paator liainicka of ^ 
Rock laland waa elected "Tiaitor*' for Central Illinoia. C:3 

Ho aeaaien waa held yeaterday afternoon* •••.^ranalator* a note: Omitted itema 
do not inrolTe Chicago Oexmaxia^* The laat aynod waa held herot two yeara ago« 
The next yearly aeaaion will probably be held at Qoincy or Peoria* The Sock 

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t III C - 4 - GERMAN 

Per Westen (Sunday Edition of the Illinois Staats-Zeitung ) , 

June 8, 1879 • 

Island CQnmmnity offered the use of its church for the occasion* 

On Tuesday evening a memorial service will be held at Emanuel Church in mem- 
• ory of Pastor Ruland, who was killed in a railroad accident while touring the 
United States • Professor Craemer of Springfield will officiate. 




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IHlnolfl Staat8«*Zeltung t Feb. 10, 1879* 


St« Antonius Church, at the comer of McGregor and Hanover Street, was dedicated 
yesterday forenoon amid impressive festivities. Not only a large Gexman Catholic 
contingent from the South Side appeared but also Irish and American adherents 

of the faith were present, and so not a vacant seat was available at the large ^ 

church. Unfortunately Bishop Farley was not well yesterday morning, and.... S 

Bishop Direnger of Fort Wayne officiated. Delegates of various Catholic "p 

societies met the bishop and his ecclesiastical entourage at 18th and State ^ 

Streets, and accompanied the clergymen to the church. At ten o* clock the ^ 

dedicatory festivities commenced amid impressive ceremonies. 2 


Father Riordan. ...of the Chicago diocese, assisted by his brother, Deacon Patrick t^ 
Riordan, and Subdeacon Mast arson, read the Hol^ Mass. Mu^ic was provided by 
the Chicago Orchestra, and choirs of various German parishes. Matthias 
Schlaudecker , well-known organ builder, conducted. The choirs sang very well, 
although it became apparent at tiFxCs that they were not accustomed to singing 


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Illinois Staats^Zeltung , Feb. 10, 1879 • 

in a large, combined group 

Bishop Direnger based his sermon on Zacharlah*s story of the mulberry tree, 
following i«hlch the entire congregation sang **Grosser Gott Wlr Loben Dlch** 
(Te Deum); this marked the end of the Imposing festival. 

Besides the clergymen already named, the following members of the Catholic 
hierarchy also participated: ^/^together fifteen names were listed: Irish 
and GermanjJ^ 




The St. Antonlus parish Is of recent origin; the church community was founded 
by the highly active Father Fischer idio.. • .finished St. Peters Church at Polk 
and Clark Streets, and founded the church at Napervllle. Within a short time, en 
little more than five years, he succeeded In founding a large congregation and, 
due to his Indefatigable efforts, the community now possesses a splendid church 
••••and the small mortgage still encumbering it will probably be paid In the 
near future. The church Is built of yellow brick from Watertown, Wisconsin, 
and sandstone from the Auzsable quarfles. Ttte church Is to be 150 feet long, 

Ill C - 3 - GERMAN 

Illinois Staats-Zeltung , Feb. 10, 1879. 

and is to have a frontage of 72 feet; and the transept Is to be 100 feet wide. 

The churches exterior is imposing; the only defect is that the building 
appears to be somevihat short in proportion to its height. However, this can 

be remedied by filling in the building plot up to four or five feet, to the s 

established street level. This would tend to give the church an appearance S 

of being lower. A lengthening of the church was probably out of the question ^ 

as the architect had to design his plans in conformity with the size of the r^ 

building site. The temporary, wooden stairway leading to the main portals -o 

also detracts from the general appearance. Nevertheless, the facade with its o 

three large portals and the rich, but not ostentatious, ornaments, is the most l^ 

imposing part of the exterior. § 

The church is built in the form of a Latin cross. The breadth of the transept 
is the same as the width of the main part of the church, and, where the two 
arms of the transept Join there appears the partly finished tower, surrounded 
by four smaller ones. The gable roof, at the front, is surmounted by a fair- 
sized tower which will contain the vesper bells. The area for the choir is 


Ill C - 4 - QBRMAN 

Illinois Staats-Zeltung , Feb. 10, 1879* 

semicircular and the space above It f oims a dome. The church was built accord- 
ing to the i>lans of Paul Huber, a Chicago architect^ and the style Is very 
ranlnlscent of the better Romanesque architecture of the latter part of the 
eleventh century; the entire conception bears a striking res^ablance to the 
beautiful convent church at Laach. The exterior shows harmonious proportions 
and in the Interior this effect Is still more evident, as cross-shaped, vaulted ^ 
ceilings of rounded arches greet the beholder. At the base of the vaulted S 
ceiling, Jet the confluence of the arch and wall idiich forms a tangent/ project ^ 
the capitals on which the six-foot statues of the twelve apostles are to be rj 
mounted. 15 

* o 

The so-called square from idilch the transepts, nave and niches of the church co 
extend, is surmounted by a dome 34 feet in diameter; its highest point is 72 . C:^ 
feet above the floor. The main portions of the church are 50 feet high, and 
the transepts are 26 feet high. Wall ribs, pillars, capitals, etc., all are 
symmetrical and conform in their style to the entire conception, thereby, 
creating a uniform, appropriate effect which will be greatly augmented when 



Ill C - 5 - GERMAN 

Illinois Staats-Zeltung, Feb. 10, 1879* 

the serene tones of the powerful organ reverberate through the magnificent 

The rather austere coloring of the interior is, fortunately, somewhat enlivened 
by the artistic stained glass windows. We feel that when the church is 
completed in all its details, it will be regarded as an architectural accomplish* 
ment worthy of emulation not only in our city but throughout the West. 




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v;-^-'- """""'^^i :'■"*•::' . 

tfJliIlMAiM •*^;^,^ 

IllinQJfl St&ats Zeltung> September 20, 1878 

i-. ..;«: 

;■:■•■"< ^;A- 

* The Illinois Starr ts-Zeltunp recalls ,* under the above title^ the ••Storm and / 
H 1 ^ period, the Porty-Elghters, when they arrived from Germany In thl#%^ 
^^'■'^^y^ country* It says Just as those fanatics and Idealists of that epoch slowly "^ 
■7^:- became practical Democratic, Republican, Amerlcsuis, so the same will happen 
In the near future to those Seventy-Three*ers« With this outlook we \inder- 
stand the world reformers who, subsequently, the great crash of 1873 drove 
 -5 by and by from Europe, especially from Germany, to America* 1^^: P 

■.r-7- - ■".■■•.-..- f - ■•• . . •• . • -■ . . . -■ •• . ■' ■-''♦l^iiLi^'" Jw-S'^ »■'-■. 

,* ,.'. v;.-«j-..- V: . ^ '..-"f J- •■ '-:i:r. .'■'■■' ■.■.'.♦- »■ •'■ _.^ _t ,■■.■-.<:■■ ■. ♦. t- ff!*v.:  .' **£*- *--^v .'r 

# J^ |;;.^ Jlrst and foremost, Genpany Is lacking In the knowledge of our native condl*i 
tlons* There Is In spite of all theories about freedom no understanding what 
the same means In a real republic* With all freedom theories In France and 
Germany, the state always acts the principal part, as chief guardian* Of the 
Individual freedom of every one, as prevailing here, Europe has no Idea* 

Also the Immigrants of 1848 did not have this understanding and likewise went 
through long experiences to get through to a clearer standpoint* ; f?^ 

But many thousands of them however lived thro\agh the practical, political 
school, which later most of the Immigrants lacked* They had during a 


t .. 


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! Illinois StPMs Zeltung ^ September 20, 1878. V 

V3 .T-- -■  .•" 

' .*-i^^*l 

comparatively free epoch, tried out themselves In German's political life, 
^8 in meetings of the senate, meetings of the chambers. In the German Par- > ; ^ 
liamentf or in the arms-striiggle for the coxintry's unification and freedom* 
Before all things they strove for reform and not for a revolution in the social 
field,' as indicated by the title of that German newspaper in New York, which 
the Illinois Staats Zeitung has mentioned as the organ of that movement* 




To . take^ everything into consideration, the Forty-Elghters went through a more 

# - severe political school* They were more adapted for Americas political free- 
/ dom without which no fundamental solution of any social question is possible^ 

•; V than the later newcomers from Germany, whose political experiences and aspira^ 
1 tions were gathered entirely under the aosolute military and police-whip period* 
To those Seventy-Three'ers, bare of any free political training, possibly will . 
i^/ V: >fiJ^d it harder, to develop as quickly, because they have not learned to appreci- 
1 ate the free political foundation, upon which the social reform nas to be built* 
They too will sooner or later come to this standpoint* And in the interest of 
c;"" - the co\intry and for their own benefit it is to be wished that they will develop 

• £^ and with the seme success from Buropean fugitives, whose outlook might 
-K^be still troubled by the memory of a police stale •s misery, into real, free 

Americans** ^ ' 

  "  V" •  -,   •■ . • .  -. : . " - • '•  . .  :- .V . . . , : ' J, 

y'j .' 

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Illinois Staats-Zeitimg , January 23, 1878 


Por almost five years a small German Presbyterian congregation has been in 
existence, which apparently is facing a hard struggle at present, as the 
powerful Fourth Presbyterian Church, Superior and Rush Streets, is preparing 
to take the church building away from the said small German congregation. 

In order to understand the origin of this dispute, we have to go back to the 
year 1866, irtien students of the Presbyterian Seminary opened up a Sunday 
School on Orchard Street, which was visited mainly by children of the German ; J^ 
residents in that neighborhood. The Sunday School flourished and finally ^ • 
received from Mr. ffesley Jfunger and his wife several lots with an adjoining '-"'- --—^ 
building as a donation, with the written condition, that the said property should 
be used for the foundation of an independent German Presbyterian Church. 
This was accomplished \inder the guidance of the German pastor C. Wisner. 

. ■>'^,. 

In 1874, the Pourth Presbyterian Church started to force pastor, C. Eisner, 1 ?"J 
to prea,ch in English, which policy was refused repeatedly by the small German ? j 

> .  

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» III C -3- li- VUPA f^ERMAN 

Illinois Staats-ZeitTing , January 23, 1678 

-congregation, Finally, pastor C. Wisner resigned, and the church service was 
led for almost two years by church elders and visiting preachers. In 1876 the 

^^ Pourth Presbyterian Church installed A, Hager as pastor of the German 
Presbyterian Congregation and instructed him to preach in Siglish. Again 

' violent opposition on the part of the German Congregation set in. Angered 
by this attitude, the Fourth Presbyterian Church took the case to court 
and effected a decision, which gave the right to the Fourth Presbyterian 
Church to take over all property of the small German Congregation. The 
latter is fighting the decision through new court proceedings* 

 *• .- 


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Per We8t«n. Nov. 19, I876. 

m (ILL) 

. OU^i V 


On account of Pastor Hartmann's Jubilee it will be interesting to give 

a brief historical sketch of the parish of which he has been the pastor for so 

long a time» St* Paul's parish is the oldest German Evangelical parish 

in Chicfligo* It was founded in l843f having a membership of 43 souls* 

Its first pastor was Rev» Salle, a Lutheran cleric from Uissouri* He 

was discharged because he tried to bring his parish over to the old 

Latheran camp* At this time the sepcuration took place to which the 

Vunder parish, representing the more Austere trends, owes its existence* 

The next pastor was Dr* Jos* Fischer who was succeeded by thii Rev* 

Hartmann in l851« 

The location of the parish has always been at the comer of La Salle 
and Ohio St* A third of the parish was donated by Hm. B* Ogden* 



in C • 2 - GERMAN 

WPA(iLL)PROJ. 30275 


Per .fasten, Nov. 19f l876* 

The parish has 205 voting members and 437 families which have rented 
paws* It is ruled by a church council » of which Ur* Ch« Groll is 
president. It consists of four elders, a treasurer, a secretary, and 
six chairmen* 

From the parish which numbered only 60 families when Pastor Hartmann took 
it over, three new parishes have developed and branched off t The Zion^s 
Parish, 14th and Union St., the Salem Parish, V/entworth Ave. and 23rd St., 
and the St. Peter*s Parish, West Chicago Ave. and Noble St. 


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The Chicago Trlbune > Oct. 28, I876. yyPA (llU PR^^-^*^^^^ 


A meeting of the Germsin ministers of this city was held yesterday, at which 
sixteen ministers were present, besides Mr. D. L. !'oody. The object of the 
meeting was to devise scT^e plan of reaching the German-speaking people of our 
city through the Gospel. 

After a free interchange of opinion, it was decided to hold a meeting Sunday 
afternoon, Nov* 5th, at three o'clock, in Farwell Kail, to be conducted by 
Messrs. Moody and Gankey, assisted by sorue of the Gernan ninisters. The Rev. 
Messrs. Loeber, Levringhaus, Escher, post, Haselhuhn, and Berger were appoint- 
ed a committee to arrange for the meeting. 

Some of the :toody and Sankey hymns and solos will be translated into Ger'iian 
and used &r the occasion. 

^ III c 

Tho Chicago Times. Feb. 2, 1875» 


^PA (ILL.) PROJ. 30275 

..-^ -r 

An sidjoumed meetizig of the Chicago presbytery wad held at their rooms* ia the 
McComick hlockt yesterday afternoon. The Rev. Dr« Jacob Post » of the Holland 
Churchy opened the meeting. The fixst Germcui Church. 

The Rey* Ur. Trowbridge of the committee on home missions, presented a statement 
of the financial condition of the first German church, of which the Rev. C* Wiener 
is pastor# 

They^ stand by their pastor. 

The following series of resolutions were submitted by Elder Saalfeldt, with a request 
that the presbytery take some action upon the matter: 

Ill C ^^HMAH. 

The Chicago Times , Peh* 2t 1B75. 

WPA (ILL) PRO]. 3027 

Resolvedt Jirst^ that from a full knowledge of our people among whom we^ as a church 
organization^ are located, and in view of what we are constrained to believe to he 
for our own spirittial and religious instruction and edification as a church, we 
therefore hold and intend to continue as the First German Presbyterian church of ChicagOf 
and to adhere to our present mode of divine worshipt in our own Grerman language, rather 
than in English, which, for such a purpose at least, we do not understand* 

Resolved, Second, that we are from occupTing an anti-American position, nor do we harbor 
an anti-Anglican spirit, but rather appreciate all that is good and noble in Americat 
€Uid in the English language; hence we find to when circumstances change, and the state 
of society with us requires it, we , ourselves, are ready and willing to introduce 
English religious services, in wise, practical proportions* For any Christian or 
Christian philanthropist to ask more of us, seems to us to be asking too much* 

Resolved, Third, that we, led by our experience, do put such a hi^ value upon the 
personal and ministerial character and labors of the Rev* Christian Wlsner, our pastor, 
that we cannot consent to his being asked by several of the Simday-school teachers to 
resign, but we, on the contrary, do heartily and xmanimously desire and request his 
continuance with us* 

Ill c 


The Chicago Times, Feh. 2, 1875. WPA (ILL) PR0J.3027S 

Resolvedt Fourth^ that Mr. E. A« Saulfeldt, ruling elder in our church, 
together with our minister, the Rev. C. Wiener, he especially requested 
to present these statements and resolutions to the Presbytery of ChicagOt 
with our hopeful prayers that these questions and* issues find a candid 
consideration, and wise decision, so that the glory of our exalted Savior 
be promoted* 

Prof. Francis L. Patton objected to listening to the complaint of the 
Sunday-*8Chool teachers of the church, as a bad precedent wotild thus be 
made, which would go on record, and cause endless trouble in the future. 
He was opposed to placing the Sunday School on a equal footing with the 
members of the church, in such a matter. 

Rev. Mr. Wiener stated that he had laid the matter before the presbytery 
because he had been asked to resign by the members of the Sunday school* 
He was willing to abide by the decision of the presbytery, but he did not 
believe that preaching in the English language would successfully supplant 
the preaching in German. 

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The Chicago Times. 7eb. 2, 1875. y^PA (ILL) PROJ-3027i^ 

He hoped the prestigrtery would not decide the matter hastily, and he spoke doubtfully 
of the result of an attempt to Americanise the church. He was afraid that the 
adoption of the report would hreak up the church. Dr. Mitchell dwelt In highly 
compliaientary terms on the work helng done hy the church, and was of opinion that the 

report was the best that could be made under the circumstances* 


Dr. Elliott s.^ld that Mr. Wlsner had been of great assistance to the church and had 
done a good deal of work for them. He regarded this attempt to drive their pastor 
away as highly discreditable. The place of worship could not be maintained If he was 
forced to resign, and the labor of Mr. Wlsner would be thrown away. No one with 
greater energy and ability could be found than Mr. Wlsner, and the work could only 
be done by a German. 




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III B 4 


The OhlcP ffP Timftg^ September 19, 1874, 


WPA{iLL)PROJ. 30275 

The German Baptist Union Association, composed of German Baptist churches 
of the United States and Canada, is holding a convention in the church, 
comer of Huron and Bickerdike streets* The Association meets once in 
three years to deliberate on the affairs of the denomination* 

The German department of the Rochester Theological Seminary, and the Germsui 
Baptist Publishing House, at Cleveland, 0«, will receive a large share of 
attention during the session, as well as various other enterprises of a 
denominational character* The convention contains delegates from Canada 
East and Canada West, and from the states of New Tork, Pennsylvania, Ohio, 
Indlcma, Kentucky, Uichlgan, Illinois, Missouri, Iowa, Wisconsin, and 
Minnesota* The exercises were opened by religious services and a sermon 
by Rev* G* A* Schulte* 


The convention organised for business by electing Rev* G* A* Schulte 
moderator, and Prof* J* Gimmel, of Brooklyn, and Rev. P. Eitter, of 

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III B 4 

The Chicago Times , September 19 , 1874« 

~ WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 

Cincinnati t as secretaries* 

Prof* 0« Baaschenbush, of the German department of the Rochester Theological 
Seminary, made an adr'ress showing the department to be In a propserous 

Twenty- two young men received Ins taction at the institution this year* A 
building for the accomodation of the students in the way of dormitories and 
dining-rooms was needed^ and a recomiiendation was made for the purchase of 
such a building In Rochester* 

Yesterday morning the committee appointed to examine and report on the course 
of study, recommended that the course be extended to four years , and that 
the study of the English branches be made obligatory during the first two 
years* The report was adopted after considerable discussion, and It was re«» 
solved that all German beneficiary students be required to give a pledge In 
writing binding them to return the amoixnt received as a benefit, in case 
they ever left the ministry for any other reason than sickness* 

• o — 


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t The Chicago Times , September, 19, 1874< 


The beneficiary students must also be recommended and approved by the 
church association, and by the educational committee* 

The afternoon was occupied with the discussion of a set of resolutions, to 
the effect that the Association shoxild purchase the building known as the 
Tracy Female Institute, located at Rochester, to be used for dormitories 
and dining-rooms by the German students attending the seminary* 

Nearly every member had something to say on the subject, and after long and 
tedious discussion it was decided to make the purchase, by a vote of 48 to 19« 

The session will be continued this morning* 





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Illinois Soaats Zeitung ^ Aug* 18, 1873 


The consecration of V/aldheiin Cemetery took place yesterday afternoon. About 5,000 
persons were present. Charles Fricke said in his speech: **Good often proceeds 
from evil. The intolerance of some of the clergy prompted the question: How 
can we remedy this matter? Intolerance is caused by ignorance and many clergy- -, 
men perceived in Societies, the nature of which they did not understand, dangers 
for Christianity. Lodges, which dared to hold ceremonies at the grave of a -^''^ 
definite member, were frowned upon. The entering of the cemetery in uniform was 
forbidden. .. 


-*. -. 

Thus, the idea of a cemetery independent of sects and intolerance came into the 
minds of i^iany. An executive comiaittee was formed. Great difficulty was en- 
countered in the choice of a place. The plan of buying the place of Haase fin- 
ally solved this problem. On the west side four and three fourths miles beyond 
the city limits, n^ar the Desplaines River, Haase's park v/as found as an ideal 
l3lace. The price for it was $115,900«00. The plan of the cemetery shows that 
there are 21,000 family graves. Besides the many private families, forty-four 
corporations are members of the Cemetery Society. The participating corpora- 
tions are thus classified: 


-1"' ^:.:^:^ : '-■'*--. > -- i V-*' -  - ^^ 




Illinois Staats Zeitung , Aug, 18, 1873. 


8 Odd Fellows' Lodges 
8 Herrnann's Sons 
5 Druids* Home 
4 Harugan 
3 Rothrjanner 
3 Good Fellows 
10 Free Lhsons 
2 Cherusker 

3 Turnvereine 

2 Order of Liberty 

1 V/orking Men's Union 

Bis.7iarck Club 

Hamburger Club 

Schleswig Hoi stein Club 

Union Veterans' Supporting Club 



I'f'/s.'.: 'y ;*,"i 


III c 
II D 10 



r* ^ 


Illinois Staats Zeitung > May 12, 1873 • 


Haase's Park, which has been an amusement place, is to become a cemetery. 

It is only a few months ago, that the idea was advanced to found a great German 
cemetery, free from all narrow prescriptions. A few narrow minded clerics 
helped to promote the idea by making a show of intolerance at the wrong time* 

I'any lodges and associations will bury their dead in groups and thus form 
small cemeteries v/ithin a big one. That V/aldheiin may feel that it belongs to 
all the Germans, is proven by the gift of twenty-three lots by members of the 
German Society, for the burial of the poor. 

The new cemetery is located as most of the readers know, ten miles from the 
courthouse on the Northwestern Railroad, and is crossed by the Desplaines 
river. The cemetery is covered by a forest of oak and birch trees. 


; ■^- . : 

 <-• ' -Is: 

Ill c 


Illinois Staatfl Zeltung> J uly 2, 1872. VVPA (ILL) PR0J.3(J27o 


Monday morning, October 9» after the fire had crossed the river, many 
smzious eyes were fixed upon the tower of the Hartmann Church, at the 
corner of Ohio and La Salle Streets* In vain people hoped that the fire 
would not go beyond the Church. 

Once more the Northside people axe looking at the Ch\irch hut with different 
emotions* The Church is being rebuilt* The St. Paul Luthersui Evangelical 
Church, as it is called officially, but is simply known as Hartmann* s 
Church, by the people, has a past which explains perfectly the devotion 
of its members* It was built in 1843 at the time when "Germanism" was 
still weak in Chicago .and when the actual site was still outside the city 
limits* Of the sixty original members some have died, while others are 
today among those who wish to rebuild Chicago* The financial means 
formerly did not allow an imposing structure* Through the intermediary 
of Wm. B. Ogden, the Church received the land at Ohio Street from Walter 
A* Newberry* A fraune Church was built at first, the total cost being 
$1,600*00* After eleven years the development was such that in the 
year 1854, there was erected an $18000*00 Church that was destroyed by 





Illinois Staats Zeltung. July 2. 1872. „,.. ^,^j_, ^..^^j ^^.^^ 

the fire of October 9th. 

Since its incept ion, the parish has had only three pastors. At first 
Pastor Selle for three years, then Pastor Fischer for four years and 
for the last twenty-two years, PaBtor Hartmann. 

The obtaining of means for the new Chiirch was not easy. The new building 
will cost $50,000.00. Pastor Hartmann collected $11,000 on his trip 


HI c 


Illinois Staats Zaltung, March 21, I872. 


Rev» U. Stamm* 

III r 

II B 8 d (1) 

I A 2 b 
V A 1 



Late in the summer of I8369 a considerable number of German families 9 
mostly Alsatians f moved from the town of Warren, Pa* 9 to the state of 
Illinois, and settled in four different groups, partly in the city of 
Chicago, at Dutchmans Point, and at Wheeling, Cook County; also at 
Napenrille, and at Sharon on the Rock River • As they were in these 
vast prairies without any pastoral care, they addressed together several 
petitions to the Western Conference of the Evangelical Community, whose * 
activities at this time extended to Ohio, to send them a preacher* In 
the first days of July, l837» a member of the Conference, Rev« F* Boos, 
undertook the long and hazardous journey on horseback, arriving in Chicago, 
after endless heirdships, on July 23rd* He was the first Protestant minister 
to proclaim God*s word in the Gennan language to the Germans of Chicago, 


, u. 

■,j/-:<' / 


m c 
in r 

- 2 - 


Illinois Staats Zeituny « Uarch 21, l872. 

Dutcfamans Point, Wheeling, emd Naperville* Li these places he organized 
the first German Protestant communities in the Northwest, and made them 
elect 80-*called class leaders who would preside over their meetings till 
they could get their own ministers* This done, ReT« Boos immediately 
returned to his district in Ohio, which had an extent of 300 to 400 
milea • 

For eight months these communities were without a preacher* Then the 
Vertem Sonference took up activities in Illinois and sent Rev* U* Hauert 
Ifr* Hauert reached Chicago on September 3z*d, I838, and travelled, as the 
second Genean Protestant minister, to most of the German settlements in 
Illinois* His salary for a whole year then amounted to only $74*32* At 
the C(ynference he cou].d report a total of 78 members in Illinois* 


in C - 3 - GERMAN 


minolB Staata Zeitung « Uarch 21> 1872. 


The first Geman Protestant church in all the Northwest states was built by 
the c(»iinimity in Iheeling of squsured logs* Wheeling became the center of 
all church activities of this Protestant community* From 1840 on$ 
every Sunday a German sermon was given in Chicago* In this year the Rev* 
J^ Hoffert and Rev* D* Kern preached; in 1841 Rev* H* Stroh^ and again 
D* Kern} in l842 the Rev* Dr* Wahl and Rev* A* Plank* Wahl who, a few years 
later, left the church on account of his insufficient salary, became the 
first permanent German minister in Chicago* His community was given two 
excellent lots by the *Cana 1 Camp **, corner of Wabash and Monroe, on which 
they built the first German-^Protestant church in Chicago* Rev* G* 
Augensteln succeeded) as minister in l844* 

In 1854 the community sold its property for $6,000 and split into two 
parts, each receiving $3>000* One part built with this a church, first on 
S* Clark Street, sold it, and built in I856 on the comer of Third Ave* 
and Polk Street, for $8,000, one of the best German churches of brick, which 
it still owns* 



in r 

C - 4 - GPOttN 

WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30m 
minols Staats Zeitung . March 21, l872* 

Th% Illinois Staats Zeitimg gave a detailed account of its dedication* 
This commimity was fligain divided in l864, on the initiative of the Illinois 
Conference, and on a far part of it, Rev. J« Q. Escher built a pleasant 
nission chapel, on the comer of 12th and Union street a • 

The other half of the old Wabash Avenue community built a church, corner of 
N* Wells street and Chicago Avenue* Internal difficulties led to a division 
in 1869* One part built one of our best city churches under the leadership 
of Rev« J* Schafle on Second and Noble street &• The main part of the 
Wells Street community built in I869 our biggest and finest church at 
Sedgwick and Wisconsin streets, under the active guidance of Rev. J. Uiller* 
The third and smallest part of the old Wells Street community built a magni«- 
ficent hall on H. Wells Street with three beautiful shops*, separated 
completely from the Svangelical community^ and elected the Rev* J* P* Kramer 




HI r 

C • 5 - GERMAN 

Illinois Staats Zeitung ^ March 21, l872# 

Its tsmporary minister* Ixj the great fire this hall and the church on Wis* 
consin Street were destroyed • The Wisconsin Street community will rebuild 
eflorly in the sunnier* The independent community has already built during 
the winter, under the supervision of the Rev* Augenstein* At the 
dedication they declared themselves willing to return to the Evangelical 
commxinity ••• •• 

To sum upt The Evangelical community now has five communities with 550 
members, five churches and four parsonages, cmd '^,000 volumes in its 
librsries* Out of the five small comnuniiies of ^^36 have grown in 
36 years, six conferences with about 725 permanent ministers, 30,000 
church members, 400 Sunday schools, and a flourishing college at Naperville« 
This church also possesses the oldest and largest German church paper in the 
U4 S*, with 20,000 subscribers distributed over most of the Westexm States^ 
A simil€ur spiritual propagation no church or organization in the 1 
whole United States can boast* 



i , 


I J 


Illinois Staats Zeltung, Peb. 3, 1872 • 

^HS CHUi«3H AND THE i^flAX^ 



In Cincinnati e. Congress of pious people has taken place that resolved 
to amend the United Ste.tes Constitution by an express reco[:nition of 
Christianity as the national religion. The meeting consisted of about 
200 members, of v/hom 185 were Presbyterian and Methodist ministers^ 
If there were any Germans among them it could not be recognized from 
the names, because non of them sounds German*. 

But as long as v/e and anyone of our readers live, the preamble of the 
Constitution will not be changed, because the reco nition of the Christian 
relition belongs as little in the Federal Constitution, as in a sale 
or rent contract, a railroad time-table, or a building regulation* 
If it i^^ merely intended to state the fact that the overvrhelming 
majority of the American people confesses its adhe ranee to the Christian 
religion, then any addition is superfluous* 




Illinois Staats-Zeitung , February 3, 1872. 

That fact is already unintentionally stated in the dating of the Con- 

stitutiont "in the year of our Lord*" By usin^ this expression quite 

unconsciously, the fathers of the Constitution proved sufficiently 

v/hat the pious gentlemen in Cincinnati v/ant to have expressly stated; that 

the Americans really are a Christian people. Any enlargement on this, 

that might tend to create a state church, if not a state religion, is of 


< -1 


II D 10 

&ERMAH \^. 

I Illinois Staats-Zeitung > November 21, 1871 


The German clergy, we regret to say, is only weakly represented in the labors 
of aid and reconstruction that need so many helpers. In the German Aid 
Society, according to our information, only two clergymen are active, all 
the others so far have kept away. This is all the more to he regretted as 
public invitations to share in the work have not been lacking. The Relief . 
and Aid Society and its special committee have not seen much of German 
clergymen. A single case ha^foccurred iufchich a German preacher who formerly 
had never bothered about charity work, asked for support for his flock. 
He answered that he had to use tjie usual avenues. 

That the German clergymen provide for their community members from money put 
at their disposal by outside communities is very likely; but they also should 
assume a part of the work for the common good as the present emergency demands 
it, and should not retire with indifference into their own sphere. 


III c 

III 3 4 

Chicago Times. !^y 22, 1871. 

" *- WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 


The thirty-ninth annual meeting of the .teerican Home society v/as held at 
Farwell hall on Saturday • 

The Germans 

Mr. Go^belman spoke for the German population. He pointed out that there are 
five million Germans in this country who should have the gospel preached to 
them, as they will have much to do with the future destiny of the land. Their 
influence will become stronger every year. It is vain to whine about their 
Sabbath breaking proclivities, without doing something to meet them. 

They are intelligent, and should be directed in the proper direction. The 
majority are not infidels, but might be called indifferent ists. The only way 
to reach them 13 to preach to them through their ov/n language. The emergency 
should be met by the enlargement of the German branch of the home mission. 

Ill C GERtlAN 
I G 

Illinois Staats-Zelttin^ ^ Sept. 27, 1870* 



Whereas, Our beloved fomer fatherland has been signally victorious in a war 
which was forced upon her, and 

iVhereas, We take great interest in our former fatherland, despite the fact ^ 
that we are American citizens, and ^ 


Whereas, This Is a conflict of justice against injustice, and a conflict of % 
national self -development ag&inst despotic tutelage, be it therefore g 


Resolved, That we heartily deplore the horrible carnage, and herewith express 
our sincere sympathy for the plight of the wounded soldiers, the widows, and S 
the orphans of the fallen warriors. Be it further 

Resolved, That we hail with great joy the rise of Gemany from internal 


Ill C - 2 - GERMAN 

I G 

Illinois Staats-Zeltimg , Sept. 27, 1870. 

dissension to unity, from national degradation to national independence, and 
that we see in this gigantic struggle God's hand v/hich makes the rage of men 
subservient to His purposes and is bent upon leading Gerraany to political and 
religious freedom. Be it further 

Resolved, That, although we desire that this V/ar end soon, we are firmly 
convinced that It should not be terminated until certain guaranties of a 
permanent peace have been given. Be it further 


Resolved, That we endeavor to collect money in our congregations and send it 
to our missionaries in Germany for distribution among the wounded soldiers and 
the widows and orphans. Be it further co 


Resolved, That these resolutions be published in the English and Gernan 
newspapers of this city. 

The above resolutions were unanimously adopted at a conference which the 


Ill c - 3 - GERMAN 

Illinois Staats-Zeitung , Sept. 27, 1870. 

Methodist Episcopal Church held yesterday morning. 

E. Wundfrlich, 
J. W. Roecker, 
R. Fiegenhaun, 
A. Miller, 
H. Boettcher. 





Ill C GERMftN 


III C (Norwegian) Illinois Staats^Zeitung ^ Nov. 2, 1867 • 


Seventeen Lutheran Congregations Commemorate no 

Event with Divine Services and Love Feast ^^ 

On October 31, 1517 , Luther nailed his ninety-five theses to the door of the ^ 
Castle Church at Wittenberg, Germany. On October 31, 1867, this epochal event g 
was observed on a grand scale, in the New World as well as in the Old* 

The German and Norwegian Lutheran Churches oi Chicago, Addison, Elk Grove, ^ 
Dunton, lyonsville. Proviso, Niles, Schaunberg, Rodensburg, Dundee, Cottage 
Hill, Eiankakee, Aurora, and Union Hill, commemorated the day with processions 
and festive services. 

On the North Side, between seven and eight hundred children who attend Saint 
Paul*s Evangelical Lutheran school (Reverend Henry Wunder) marched in solemn 
procession. Similar processions were held on the North Side by the children 

Ill C - 2 - GERMAN 


III C (Norwegian) Illinois Staats-Zeitung . Nov. 2, 1867 • 

of Isimanuel Congregation , on the South Side by the pupils of Trinity Congrega- 
tion » and on the West Side by the children of Saint John*s School. The 
significance of the Refoxmation was the sermon topic in the serrice held in 
the Norwegian Lutheran Church on Srie Street (Reverend Peterson), €uid on West 
Erie Street (Reverend Kron). 

Yesterday all of the above-mentioned congregations met for a Joint sexrvice at ^^ 
the grove near Addison, three miles from Cottcige Sill* 

It is a good custom of Germans to be thorough in everything, in amusements as 
well as in serious matters, such as church festivities, not merely to sip at 
the fountain, but to drink in full draughts. While Americans celebrate im- 
portant events only on one day, Germans celebrate for three days, or even 
longer; for instance Christmas, Easter, and Pentecost. And they followed this 
good old custom when they observed the anniversary of the Reformation. 

The train which left the Galena depot yesterday morning, at nine o'clock, 


Ill C - 3 - GffilHMAN 


III C (Norwegian) Illinois Staats-Zeitung , Nov. 2, 1867. 

consisted of fourteen cajrsi and contained about fifteen hundred passengers. ^ 

The full Great Western Band led the vast throng which proceeded to Cottage ^ 

Hilly where the great number of Chicagoans was augmented by thousands of mem?- ^ 

bers from the country chusrches named above. C 

From Cottage Hill the vast crowd marched in orderly procession, through fields S 
of stubble and over rolling prairies, to Addison, where a brief halt was made. 
All stores in the town were closed, and the residents stood in doorways and 
greeted their passing fellow Lutherans, and then followed them over Salt Creek 
to the scene of festivities. 

The Great Western Band accompanied the congregation, which sang appropriate 
hjnnns. Reverend Schmidt of Slk Grove preached the sermon. He briefly sketched 
the situation of the Christian Church as it was at the time when Luther began 
his work, and as it is today. He stated that the Papacy has not improved its 
doctrinal position since the Reformation, pointing out that Rome had added the 


Ill C - U - GERMAN 


III C (Norwegian) Illinois Sta ats-Zeitiing, Nov. ?, ISS?. 

false doctrine of the immaculate conceT)tion of the Virgin Mary to the host 
of Tinbiblical tenets of the Catholic Chiirch, had canonized twenty-one alleged ] 
martyrs f and that a Catholic priest could murder p seventeen-year-old ^irl in j 
a convent and receive no punishment from the hifi:her officials of the pat^al ' 
ch\irch — save that of "being transferred to another convent. Reverend Schmidt 
continued: ''Luther, who was undoubtedly God's instrinnent, saved the church 
from the darkness of unbelief, superstition, and perverted doctrines* restored 
the pure gosT)el of salvation to the pulpit, refuted the chief doctrine of the 
Pope (that man must save himself from the consequence of his evil acts by per- 
forming good works). Luther emphasized that, according to the Bible, man is 
saved by faith in the merit and work of Jesus Christ, who suffered and died 
for the sins of all men, redeemed them from sin? and thus reconciled them with 
God. However, the battle ngainst Rome is not yet concluded, and we must, there- 
fore, be vigilant, lest we again fall prey to the pernicious teachings of the 

Professor Selle then addressed the Norwegian Lutherans in the English language. 


Ill C - 5 - GSRMAN 


III C (Norwegian) Illinois Staats^Zeltung , Nov» 2, 1867. 

This fact reminded us of great historical events, of the joint struggle of 
Gexman and Swedish Protestants during the Thirty Tears* War, when they won 
recognition and equality with the Catholics. 

Ueanwhlle, Innumerable tables, covered with ?dilte linen tablecloths, had been 
filled with a great variety of food; there were Ueartlnmas geese, which 
ordinarily would have been permitted to live until November 10 /?^^slator*s 
note: Martinmas, or the Feast of Saint Martin, was observed on November ll/, 
there were large hams, great loaves of bread, cakes, pies, all kinds of 
preserves, and there was butter, the equal of which Is unknown to Chlcagoans* 
These vast stores of food are a credit to the hospitality of the people of 
Addison. And the members of the Chicago churches supplied plenty of coffee 
and sugar-- one hundred and twenty-five dollars* worth* Everybody was Invited 
to eat free of charge. The food that was not consumed was donated to the 
Lutheran Normal School at Addison. 

An offering was also taken for the School, and, to judge from what we saw on 


Ill C - 6 - GERMAN 


III (Norwegian) Illinola Staats-Zeitung , Nov. 2, 1867 • 

the collection plates, the contribution could not have been small; it must 
have amounted to at least $1,800« In addition^ the institution also benefited 
from the sale of medals, which were made and sold in commemoration of the 
event • These medals were imprinted with the words: ^Three hundred and fiftieth 
anniversary of the Reformation, observed by the American Lutheran Church on 
October 31, 1867« GrOd*s word and Luther *s doctrine pure shall to eternity 

After the meal, the people gathered in groups and spent a few hours in pleasant 

At half -past three the Chicagoans started for home, where they arrived about 
six o'clock. 

The Normal School at Addison, which was erected at a cost of $25,000, and which 
was opened three yeeors ago with an enrollment of eighteen, is now attended by 

• III C - 7 - GEHMftH 


III C (Norwegian) Illinois Staats-Zeltung . Nov. 2, 1867. 

eighty youngjaen; and still it cannot supply the demand for Lutheran school- 
teachers, ^hranslator^s note: The Nozmal School of Addison was moved to 
River Forest » Illinois, in 1914, and is now known as Concordia Teachers* 
College. The present enrollment is about 350, and sixteen professors are 


The professors are: F. Lindemann, J. Selle, and F. Sauer. They are able *^ 
teachers and God-fearing men. § 

The following pastors were present: J. Beyer of Immanuel Church; J. Doederlein 
of Trinity Church; H. Wunder of Saint Faults Church; J. Grosse of Saint John*s 
Church; 0. Feterson and A. Keren, of the two Norwegian Lutheran Churches in 
Chicago; F. Zucker from Froviso, H. Mortens from lyonsville; C. Franke from 
Addison; L. Schmidt frcm Elk Grove; G. Loeber from Niles; B. Heidenmueller from 
Rodenburg; J. Strieter from Aurora; and C. Burkhardt from Dundee. 

The firmness with which these Lutherans express their convictions is refreshing 

ni C - 8 - GERMAN 


III C (Norwegian) Illinois Staats-ZeltuDg > Nov, 2, 1867. 

and encouraging; for anyone who wavers in times of uncertainty merely augments 
and spreads the evil« Lather was important, not so much because he clung to 
certain theological opinions, but chiefly because he set an example of unwaver- 
ing adherence to the truth. He was one of those rare moral giants from whose 
activity mankind dates a new era of history. 


I B 4 

Illinois Staats^Zelttmg , June 25, 1866« 


Testerday aftexnoon, the cornerstone of Saint Franzisku8(Francis)Churcli, 
nhich is being erected on the comer of Newberry and Tvrelfth Streets » was 
laid. An immense crowd assembled at the scene » and when the time appointed 
for the ceremony arrivedi one could see nothing but people on and about the 

As we have stated in a previous article, the building will be 66 feet wide 
and 160 feet long, the steeple will be 150 feet high, and the edifice as a 
whole will be a credit to our city» 

For the convenience of the clergymen^ a temporary platf oxm had been built 
immediately next to the place where the cornerstone was to be laid. At about 
half -past three, the procession made its appearance. It consisted of several 






I B 4 

Ullnols Staats-Zeltungt June 25, 1866» 

Catholic societies cariylng their banners and other insignia^ and was led 
by seTercJ. bands; it took up its position within the foundation of the 
structure and around the platform. Sereral Irish-Catholic societies were 
also represented, and a great loany more of their members would have appeared 
if they had not been misled by statements published in a certain newspaper 
to believe that their presence was not desired* A large company of school 
children, boys and girls, the latter wearing white and blue dresses, also 
marched in the procession under the leadership of their teachers* g 

It was four o^ clock by the time the societies and the school children had ^ 
taken their positions about the platfoxm. Then Bishop Luehr, who, as we ^^ 
know, came from Fozt Wayne, Indiana, made his appearance; he was attended by 
two assisting clergymen, and made a lengthy address in the English language* 
He infoxmed the assembly of the purpose and significance of the act ndilch he 
was about to perform, by compearing the ceremonies of the church with military 
ceremonies* He pointed out that Just as the flag is considered to be a 
sacred necessity by the soldiers who gather about it, so do the faithful 





I B 4 

Illinois Staats-Zeitimg , June 25, 1866 • 

gather about the cross, the symbol of the Redeemer • /Translator's note: 
This badly constructed sentence is a faithful translation of the originaljj^ 
The Bishop declared that the erection of a church also required certain 
ceremonies, especially the laying of the cornerstone* He expressed his satis* 
faction at seeing such a large attendance and invoked divine blessings upon 
the rites he was about to perform and upon the edifice and the congregation. 


Then the stone was lifted to a height of about fifteen feet, lov/ered, and 
placed in the correct position; and while the congregation sang hymns ^ the ^ 
Bishop placed a tin box which contained various documents, newspapers, etc*, 
into the opening provided for that purpose, sprinkled holy water upon the stone, 
and dropped the cornerstone into i>lace* The Bishop then addressed the assembly 
in the Geiman language, thus concluding the festivities* 




Illinois Staats-Zeitimg , June 1, 1864 • 


In a solerin ceremonial service, the Saint Paul's Evangelical Luthe3?an 

congregation (German) laid the cornerstone of its nevi house of worship 

yesterday afternoon at four o'clocko The neiv church is under construction 

at the corner of Franklin and Superior Streets. Although weather conditions 

were very unfavorable, about four hundred persons gathered to witness the 

rites, at which Reverend Kenry V/under officiated. S 

After a band had rendered an appropriate prelude, the. congregation sang 
the hymn 'Traise To The Lord, The Alnighty, The King of Creation". There- 
upon, the Reverend Richraann, of Shaumburg, delivered an address in German 
on a topic in keeping v/ith the occasion. Reverend Beier, pastor of the 
Lutheran Church on the V/est Side, spoke in English, substituting for an 
Anglo-American clergyman v/ho had accepted an invitation to address the 
congregation but who v;as unable to appear. After another hymn had been 






Illinois 3taats-Zeitung > June 1, 1864. 

sung by the conf^reeation, Reverend './under laid the docui/ients that v/ere to be 
placed in the cornerstone in a cl^ss box, which vjas then laid in a copper 
box. The documents referred to vrere: 

1. The Book of Concord, which contains the confessional vn^itin^s of the 
orthodox .-ivancelical Lutheran Church; 


A cop3' of the hymnal used by the con^recation; 

3. A copy of the constitution of Saint Paulas, signed by the officers, 
of the iiembers of the building coraiiittoe, and the voting lieniliiers of the 
consrecation; £ 

4. A description of the ceremony attending the occasion; w 

5. The name of the architect and the contractor erecting the building. tS 

6. A copy of all the nev/spapers published in Chicago. 

Reverend V.Under then placed the copper box in the space reserved for it; 
the keystone was dropped, and the service was concluded v/ith the singing of 
^^^ther hymn. The edifice, according to the plans drawn by the well-known 


Ill C - 3 - GERMAK 


Illinois StaatB-Zeltung , Jiine 1, 1864. 

architect 9 Otto Uatz, will be 55 feet wide and 100 feet long, and will be built 
in the Roman style. The basement will be 18 feet high^ and will be arranged for 

school rooms* The upper part of the structure will be of brick construction* IE 

There will be one facade on Superior Street and another on Franklin Street* The 3 

door and ?rindow frames will be of cut stone* The tower will be on the Franklin ^ 

Street side and will be 150 feet high, measured from the level of the sidewalk* rj 

There will be three entrances on the Franklin Street side* The windows will be g^ 

of stained glass* S 

j^ranslator^s note: The Reyerend Henry Wunder was bom on Uarch 12, 1830, at ^j 
lAiggendorf , Bavaria , Germany, the youngest of the nine children of Conrad and 
Barbara Mueller Wunder* When Henry was eleven years old, his father died* He 
attended the village school at Ifuggendorf until 1844, when he entered the 
institute of Reverend Loehe of Neudettelsau, Bavaria, with the intention of 
devoting himself to Lutheran mission work in America* He graduated from Loehe* s 
institute in 1846, and was sent to America* He sailed frora Bremen on the 

Ill C - 4 - CSRt^AIJ 


Illinois otaa ts-'eitun.::^ June 1, 1864, 

"Caroline," and landed in Hew York after a trip of sixty three days. He 
inraediately set out for tiie little knov/n Seminary of the Lutheran Church, 
which, at that time v/as located in Altenbur{^, ::issoiu?i, Ke v;as ^i^duated 
in 1849 y and on December 16 of that year he v/aa ordaiJied by the Reverend ^ 
C. F. ■;/. V/alther, His first charge vvas the iilvancelic: 1 Lutheran Church ^ 
in Ilillstadt, Illinoirj, which he served until 1851, vdien he accepted a call ^ 
to become the pastor of the First Saint Pau3-'s iCvanceliCcil Lutheran Church 2 
of Chicago, v/hicli had been founded by the Reverend Selle. He bec:an his \vork u» 
with this concre,;ation on September 18, 1851* ^^t that time. Saint Paul's !^ 
house Qf xgorship was on Indiana Street, between Jells and Franklin Streets, 
where it had been built in 1849, The congreGation .^rew rapidly under the 
leadership of the Reverend "./under, and in 1864 a lar.^er church was built, 
which served only until 1871 v^hen it was destroyed by the Chicago Fire. 
V/under and all but three of his flock lost everything they ouned. They 
were not discouraged, ho\/ever, and immediately built another structure, an 
exact replica of the one that vxas destroyed. Reverend ?/under continued to 


Ill C - 5 - (SRMAN 


Illinois 3 taats-Zeitimg> June 1, 1864* 

serve Saint Paul's until his death in 1915, havinc served in the ministry 
for a little more than 64 years and at Saint Paul's for ncre than 62 years. 
, He also made extended mission journeys to neicJihoring states and established 
congrer^tions in La Porte, Indiana; Saint Joseph, Llichigan; Aurora, Joliet, 3 

Champaign, and Rock Island, IllinoiSj»7 <^ 






Illinois Staats-Zeitung . June 24, 1863. 

A meeting of German Catholics of Chicago was held last evening at the German 
House. The purpose of this meeting was to discuss ways and means of purchasing 
a plot for a cemetery to be used by the members of the city's four Catholic 
congregations. The meeting was very well attended. Mr. John Herting served 
as chairman and Mr. John Stiesen as secretary. 

Mr. Caspar Pfeiffer, a member of a cominittee which had been appointed to confer ^ 
on the matter with the Catholic Bishop of Chicago, reported that the Prelate ^ 
had not given his consent to the purchase of the proposed property and would not tr 
officiate at the dedication in case the deal for the plot of ground were con- 
summated. However, Mr. Pfeiffer thought that the Bishop could be persuaded to 
change his mind, and urged the assembly to proceed with negotiations for the 
acquisition of the property. 

Chairman Herting announced that the members of Saint Michael's Parish had 





Illinois Staats-Zeitung > June 24, 1863. 

• - 

already bought 191 lots for $600, Saint Joseph's Ghurch also informed the 
assembly that members of that congregation had paid ^189 dollars as a dovm 
payment on a number of lots. 

The cominittee of Saint Peter's Parish announced the Church could not join in ^ 

the purchase as yet, because the members expect to build a new church soon, and <^ 

they fear that the Bishop would not approve of this project if they acted con- 3 

trary to his wish with reference to the cemetery. The congregation of Saint 2 

Franciscus also said that it could not take an active part in the purchase as ^ 

yet. ^ 

The chairman informed the attendants that ^H^O has already been received as 
part pajrment for the lots in question, and that he was certain the sale was as 
good as made, since the full amount required is only ;^2,500. 

Mr. John Heyl proposed that a committee of eight be appointed to draw up a con- 
stitution, and that two members of each of the four congregations be appointed 





Illinois Staats-Zeitung , June 24, 1863, 

to serve on the committee. This proposal was accepted, and the following men 
v;ere appointed: Saint Michael Church, ijidreas Mueller and Niels Gaerten; Saint 
Peter's Church, Caspar Pfeiffer and Leonhard T. Otten; Saint iiYanciscus Church, 
Johann Sendelbach and P. Zirbes; Saint Joseph's Church, Johann Vogt and Peter ^ 
Molter. ^ 

This committee is required to submit a draft in the next meeting. ^^ 

The chairman gave notice that trustees must be elected to take care of the ^- 
pur chase and to make application for incorporation. It was proposed that the J^ 
treasurers of the respective congregations act in the C£.pacity of trustees. 
This proposal was accepted. The trustees are: Fred Schweissthal, P. Herring, 
B. Banker, and J. Sendelbach. 

Mr. John Schmitz proposed that anyone who wishes to claim a lot would have to 
pay $5 by July 1, or a sum equivalent to the difference between $5 and any 
amount already paid. This proposal was accepted. (A great number of members 
paid $5 immediately. ) 

Ill c 

_ 4 _ GSRLiAN 


Illinois Staa ts-Zeitung , June 24, 1863. 

All members who wish to have a lot, but have not yet subscribed, were requested 
to act immediately. 

The committee which was intrusted with the collection of payments request the 
members who are in arrears with their payments to bring the money to the home 
of their respective collector. -o 

It was decided to hold another meeting at the sariie place and hour next Monday* 
Adjournment followed. 







D. Participa- 
tion in 
V. S. Service 


- I '/.f^ -if 

' s 

16 2 


Abendpoat . Jan. 2, 1936« 



■■:;;■'.: vAi^... 

Daring the last years before the abolition of Prohibit ion » one often heard 
the assertion that the Prohibition question had nothing whatsoever to do 
with politics* This statement, correct in principle but absolutely ivrong 
in actual practice, emanated from those advocates of canpulsory abstinence 
who feared the approaching danger, that one of the great political parties 
might faTor the abandonment of that blessed dryness, and also from those 
politleians who were fully neutral toward Prdtiibition but recognized in it 
a TOtlng factor which mi^t prove fatal in certain political circles* 

 ^  ''•i'' - 

Condi tlOBUi at the time, in so far as Prohibition is concerned, virtually 

to poison politics in the Unltdd States* 


instances the qualifications and the character of the candidates 


Ill D - 2 - QBRBAN 

I B 2 

Abendpost , Jan. 2, 1936. 

ware not tha daoiding fiactors any longer — the sole Issue nas their attitude 
tofArd Prohibition* 

The Anti-Saloon League went so far as to advocate candidates who had been 
given prison sentences for dishonorable acts, and the opponents of Prohibi- 
tion often voted for cemdidates who enjoyed the support of notorioi^s boot- 
leggers and gangsters • 

In regard to the problem of the veterans* bonus , an equally threatening 
situation seems to be developing. That this question will be discussed in 
Congress during the coming session has already been established, and it 
also seems to have been decided that both Houses will pass a bill to pro- 
vide immediate payment of the bonus. The outccme now depends upon the 
action of the President, whether or not he Intends to veto the act of 
Congress again. The resolution of the Senate is in itself absolutely sense- 
leas, because those veterans vAio actually need the bonus are already being 
supported by the government , and the payxosnt of the bonus will only result 


Ill P - 3 - GEHMAN 

I B 2 

Abendpost^ Tan« 2, 1936« 

in doing away with the help the veterans are receiving now* The others 
can afford to wait until the bonus is due in 1945* 

Fat HasTrison, chairman of the Senate Finance Comniittee, remarked recently: 
^'I hope we can devise something which will be acceptable to both sides so 
that this irritating affair can be eliminated • The question never should 
have been injected into politics » and the quicker we remove it from that 
sphere, the better*^ That is the honorable Senator* s highly optimistic 
view. If he recilly believes that the qaestion can ever be disposed of, 
he makes a serious error • If the bonus is paid, another demand will be 
made* The Veterans of Foreign Wars have already proposed a pension bill, 
iriiereby every veteran is to receive a dollar for each day that he was in 
the service* 

The American Legion was for a number of years very modest in its demands ^ 
but eventually it acceded to the views of its competitor, the Veterans of 
Foreign Wars, and, after all, one cannot blame the Legion for that* Had 

Ill D - 4 - GERMAN 

I B 2 

Abendpo8t> Jan. 2, 1936« 

the Legion acted differantly most of the veterans would have abandoned It 
and would hare joined the Veterans of Foreign Wars* After all, it is only 
human for people to follow those who make the greatest promises* It is 
therefore absolutely impossible to exclude from politics the bonus and 
other pension questions liiich now rest so tranquilly, yet ominously , in the 
lap of the future* 

After all, in a democratic country where the majority rules, the politicians 
must always face the temptation to buy votes with the aid of governmental 
appropriations. But the pension does not represent the limit. At first it 
will be restricted to those veterans who were actually at the front and were 
honorably discharged. Later an attempt will be made to put the pension on 
a broader base, idiich means that those irtio never smell ed powder will also 
be eligible, the ** swivel-chair** soldiers and the office guardsmen; in short, 
that huge number of veterans who never left the country. Then the widows of 
the veterans will come in for a share, and why should a grateful nation allow 
its poor, helpless children to suffer? They, too, will be given paternal 



Ill D - 5 - GBBMAN 

I B 2 

Abendpost . Jan. 2, 1936* 

sapport as long as TTncle Sam has a nickel in his pocket. One need not be 
a prophet to ixredict this. It was aliiays thus^ and is bound to be repeated 
becatise it represents one of the unavoidable blessings of democracy. 

1 . 

Ill D 

II B 1 a 

17 Sopntagpost (Sunday Edition of Abendpost ) , Oct. 1, 1933, 



,^^ranslator * 8 note: This is an announcement, but no report occurs after the 

The Gennan American Hostess Society, Inc., which has charge of the Genoan-i^nieri- 
C€ai House at the World* s Fair, invites the Geiman public to a dinner which will 
be given Saturday evening, October 7, in the Berlin Boom of the Geiman-American 
Building, in honor of the new Postmaster of Chicago, Ernest J. Kruetgen. 

A carefully chosen musical program will be given during the course of the banquet. 
A quartet from the (5hicago Singverein (Singing Society) , consisting of Clara 
Hartwig, soprano; Else Kellersberger, alto; Wm. Hartwig, tenor; and Bernard Hart- 
wig, bass, will render several pleasing songs. Others on the program are the 
pianist, Benee Sngel Lidge; the singer, Lolita Bertling, who will be accompanied 
by Henry Jackson on the piano, and Elsa De 7ry, who will give a few literary 
readings. •••• 

WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 








IV (Bohemian) Abendpost, Sept> 1, 1933. WhOl'Dti' 

17 (Jewish) ^' 

^alf-tone, one coluim-eighth of a page, profile 

of iimest Kruetger^ 

In his flower-decked office, which, like all the adjoining rooms, was crowded 
with friends^ Ernest 3« Kruatgen took the oath of office this morning as 
Chic ago *s new postmaster. Federal Judge Page conducted th9 solemn ceremony 
and ¥ras also the first to give the new postmaster his best wishes. 

Among those present one could see many prominent German«-i\mericans who had 
come to be witnesses of how one of their own number assumed a position which 
had already been held for twelve years by a good Geiman-Amarioan. In the 
many speeches that were made there was perceptible, along with the pleasure 
at Mr* Kruetgen*s appointment, a certain regret at the resignation of the 
former postmaster, Arthur C* Lueder* 

The vice-president of the Iroquois Club, James F. Bishop, acted as master of 

III D - 2 - GSn&'L^T 

IV (Bohemian) Abendpost , Sept. 1, 1933. WFA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 
IV (Jewish) 

ceremonies and introduced the various speakers. The first 
speaker was the retiring postmaster, Mr. Lueder, who took the opportunity to 
thank his fellow citizens for the confidence that they had shown him during 
the time that he had held office , and to wish his successor luck. Other 
speakers vjere Chief Postal Inspector Walter Johnson, William O'Connell, Congress- 
man fk. J J. Sabath, County Clerk Sweitzer, Charles J, Topicka, and James Keams. 

At the end of the short but impressive ceremony the new postmaster expressed 
his thanks to them all. Never in his life, he said, had he found it so dif- 
ficult to find suitable words to express his feelings. It made him proud, he 
declared, to see again how many friends he had, and he promised these friends 
and all the citizens of Chicago that he would make every effort to be a credit 
to them and to Justify the confidence which had been placed in him. 

After the conclusion of the official part of the installation ceremony, hun- 
dreds crowded up to clasp th^ hand of the new postmaster and of his wife, who 


IV (Bohemian) Abendpost , Sept. 1, 1933. yi^PA (ILL.) P^O^- 3027b 

IV (Jewish) 

was looking on with tears of joy in her eyes, and to wish them 
good luck in the rest of lifers Journey. It would be impossible to mention 
the names of all the different people who were there. It should be noted^ 
however, that the members of the Germania Club, the singers and turners, 
societies of which Iflr. Kruetgen had been a member for years, as well as the 
organizations which are more political in character, v/ere present in full 




Abendpost > July 25 ^ 1933« 

^^alf-tone, one column-sixth of a page , 
front view of E. J, Kruetge^ 

Arthur C* Lueder, Postmaster of Chicago for many years, will retire from 
his office on September 30* Ernest J. Eruetgen, at present a member of 
the Illinois Commerce Commission, is slated to be his successor* Eruetgen*s 
fozmal appointment has not yet been made, but Postmaster General Farley 
and Senators J. Hamilton Lewis and V. Dietrich are supporting his candidacy 
for the post. 

k w. s 

Ill D 
III B 3 a 


Abendpost , Sept. 29, 1932. 


The bl->oentennlal celebration of the birth of Washington is rapidly 
drcciving to a close* However, it was our obserration that the public at 
large did] not concern Itself with this national celebration to the ex- 
tent that the occasion warranted • Neither could it be expected that 
the citizens would become absorbed over a national hero in times of 
heavy economic stress • However, for Americans of Gexnan descent the 
celebration had a happy result because the name of Friedrich Wilhelm 
von Steuben, the great patriot of German origin, was again impress^* 
Ively brought before the public « 

This was sufficiently demonstrated in General Parker* s address, de- 
livered at the German Day celebration, last Sunday. The General is 

Ill D 
III B 3 a 

. - 2 - 

Abandpost ^ Sapt. 29, 1932 


wall Informed about Amariccui wara, and it was indaad a pleasure to fol- 
low his apeecht and to draw one's own conclusions from his profound study 
of this subject. Thus his appreciation of Steuben's personality and 
great achieyeinents is based on no mere incidental study, but results from 
a Icnowledge to be gained only by a student of history. Nevertheless, it 
is only on rare occasions that a member of the ca?my giyes a complete 
account of General Steuben's brilliant accomplishments and of his honor- 
able participation in the ?Far of Independence. 

General Parker's address was more than a masterpiace of accuracy; it 
was also a forceful piece of evidence that officers holding high posi- 
tions in our army do not hesitate to acknowledge the part played by the 
Germans in the building of our country. 

However, it would not be altogether fair to disregard the faithfxil labors 
of the German press, which has been engaged for a period of years in pav- 
ing the way for this better understanding. 





Abendpost , July 9, 1931 • 

Otto Tischer, mexDber of the Benjamin S« Butter Post, was taken by 
death at the age of eighty-nine* 

The funeral arrangements for Ur. Tishcer have been completed. He died 
at the Edward Hines Hospital last Tuesday. The services will be con- 
ducted in the chapel of Graceland Cemetery. 

Mr. Tlscher was bom in Oezmany in 1842 and came to this country in his 
early youth. He enlisted in the Union Army in 1863 , becamitig a member 
of Company C. of the 35th New J'ersey volunteers. At the completion 
of his military service, he became interested in the real estate 
business, but the great conflagration of 1871 left him penniless. 
Mr. Tischer was in robust health until the recent heat wave broke down 
his strong constitution. He was one of the four surviving TOterans 
of the Benjamin. S. Batler Post No; 754 of the G. A« B* 



Abendpost , Apr. 12, 1929* 



In Washington 9 as well as in Chicago , rumors have been current for some 
time that Theodore Brentano is being seriously considered for a post as 
ambassador* During th^^ past few days, these rumors have become especially 
persistent* At present, no definite information is available; nevertheless, 
according to all indications, Mr* Brentano is prepared again to accept a 
diplomatic post« 

The memory of his thirty«*one years as Judge in Chicago is still alive ampng 
the Germans of this city, who have always referred to him as Judge Brentano , 
although he has since been appointed American Ambassador to Hungary, in which 
capacity he served the country for many years* 

If, in spite of his advanced years, he should accept the appointment to a 

Ill D - 2 - GERMAN 


Abendpost > Apr. 12, 1929. 

diplomatic post^ he wo\4d be given universal approval* Having served his 
country and his people for so many years, he would be Justified in now 
relaxing. But it is obvious that he belongs to that class of persons who 
cannot dispense with their usual activities. His appointment seems to be 
definite, although, it is still uncertain whether he will represent this 
country at Copenhagen or at Vienna • liSr. Brentano is at present the only 
American diplomat of German ancestry; his re-appointment would therefore 
be heartily applauded in Chicago^ 

If, however, the privilege of deciding between the countries mentioned should 
fall to Mr. Brentano, there can be no doubt as to his preference for Vienna ^ 
the seat of German culture for centuries past* That city is the capital of 
a Germanic people whose language he spealv and whose customs he appreciates* 
Since he is of German extraction, no other move could be anticipated* 

President Hoover may be sure that the appointment of Mr. Brentano as American 



Abendpost > Apr, 12, 1929« 

ambassador to Vienna will particularly gladden the hearts' of the German 
population of Chicago and will be pleasant tidings to the German people 
throughout the nation* 

Jtr. Brentano demonstrated his ability as a diplomat while representing our 
government so excellently at the Hungarian capital* 


III D ( mttMN 


I F 6 Abendpost , Mar. 3^ 1929« 



Tha birth of Carl Schurz in Germany one hundred years ago was a significant 
historical incident* A great deal has taken place during the century follow- 
ing his birth* In fact, under normal conditions, a millennium would ha^e been 
required to add to the book of world history the same number of pages of his- 
torical significance as have been contributed by the last hundred years* 

Carl Schurz played a prominent part in the mov«&ent for Geman unification* 
HoweTer, because he was implicated in the rerolutionary moTement of 1848, he 
was forced to flee Geormanyt but he did not leaTe until he had completed the oj 
rescue of his teacher Einkel, who was detained at the spandau prison* 

After a sojourn in England and France, he chose America for his future home, 
arriving here in the year 1852* ^ 

Ill D 


- 2 - 

Abendpost ^ Har» 3» 19Z9. 


Toung Sehurz*8 draams were in part realized, but the lofty goal he enviaioned 
for Gemaiiy waa beyond reach* Ibe newly conatituted German State was not the 
creation of the j;>eople9 but was the result of Bismarck* s cleverly designed 
political 8trategy» ibich he reinforced by his policy of Blood and Iron* Nei- 
ther did that newly created State provide for the inclusion of all German peoples* 
In order to attain his objectives, Bismarck sacrificed the generally accepted ^ 
idea of a greater Gemany— a sacrifice which meant the exclusion of Austria* s ^ 
Gexmanic racea from the Reich* ^^ 

Great and powerful waa the nation of iriiidi Carl Schurz was Justly proud* How- 
ever, that period of the Reich has passed into oblivion; it has been replaced 
by an em in which the republican system of government obtains* Germany is now 
a republic, but not as envisioned by Carl Schurz, since certain districts of 
Austria Are not included within the confines of Geimany* The star of the once 
brilliant and mighty nation has been dimmed* Sneny hordes dominate the land* 
The hard and earneat labors of a vanquished nation will, for many decades, bene- 
fit those who have triumphed over a defeated Germany* 






III D - 3 - QgRMAN 


I F 6 Abendpost , Mar« 3» 1929* 

Let us take inyentory of the diaoges wbich this our country has recorded since _^ 
the arrival of Carl Schurz. A young nation in its making fought a bloody Civil p 
War to a victorious conclusion* It has subsequently developed from an unim-- ^^ 
portent State which was hardly more than a colony » into the largest, wealthiest, g 
and most powerful republic in the world* 

One of the outstanding architects of this colossal structure was our great pa- 
triot Carl Schurz, who served the country as a military leader* He also demon- 
strated his great talents as politician, public speaker, Journalist, and, finally, 
as diplomat and statesman* 

Let us consider the enormous changes which have occurred throughout the world 
since his death in 1906* First and foremost are the technical achievements which 
astound the world by their rapid succession* And were Schurz now to return, he 
would be amazed at the progress which has even eclipsed his fondest dreams* 


Tes, leaders and statesmen of the 1848 type would indeed be a great asset to the 


Ill D - 4 - GERMAN 


I F 6 Abendpost , Mar« 3, 1929* 

Gennaoy and the America of today. Schurz was endowed with extraordinary talents* 
He could offer humanity much of what the world is in need of today. He pos- 
sessed idealism, which he preserved all through his life despite the heeyy re- 
sponsibilities placed upon him in his service to humanity* His ideas and plans 
for the creation of a greater German republic mcQr have been considered s(»ieiifaat 
fantastic; nevertheless, his intentions were noble and patriotic and not at all 
beyond realization* 


He defended Justice without regard to consequences* President Lincoln, after ixy 
recognizing Schurz* s excellent qualities, proffered him his friendship, accept- § 
ing in return his collaboration* 


Intimately acquainted with the political affairs of our country almost from the 
moment he put foot on our soil, he realized that big things could be accomplished 
only by affiliating himself with a political party* Anxious to intercede in be- 
half of righteousness and Justice, he immediately sought membership in a party* 

Ill D - 5 - GBRMAN 


I F 6 Abendpost , Uer^ 3^ 1929« 

For this he was generously rewarded. However, he never yielded to bribery, 
and once he had arrived at a conclusion, nothing could deter him from his 
course* He placed public interest above the welfare of the party whose 
honored leader he was for many years* However, the dictates of his conscience ^ 
led him to abandon the party because of his inability to reconcile two con- 
flicting interests* He took this step with much regret* 



Schurz*s political activities differed from those of the present-day politi- 
cians inasmuch as he remained true to his principles regardless of possible ^^ 
political consequences* Things are different today* The only political prin- ^ 
ciple upheld at present is disregard for pinciples* It is possible that this 
complete change could not have been averted, because it has been shown that an 
era of heroic activities is succeeded by a period of materialistic trend* 
Idealism is not tolerated where materialism dominates* 

The Schurz centennial seems, therefore, a most fitting time to recall the 

life and work of that illustrious patriot* He was indeed a great and important 


Ill D - 6 - QSHMAN 


17 6 Abendpost , Mar. 3, 1929« 

person, the hero of two continents. Let that great Idealist serve us as an 
example. Let his spirit govern our practical politics for the benefit and 
salvation of the nation* 





Ill D 


illed on the Battle Field: 

II^C Abendpost, Sep. 18, 1927. ,^rp^ (Ml>PROJ.30Z» 


"To the memory of the members of the Chicago Turner Society vfho were killed in 
action dioring the Civil \7ar, 1861 - 1865. 

n,. Pfeif, 2nd Lt, Co. F. 58th Rgt. 111. Pittsb. 

B. von fiollen, Ord. Sgt. Co. G. 24th Rgt. 111. Vol. In. Perryville, Ky. 

C. Kirchner, Sgt. Co. G. 24th Rgt. 111. Vol. In. Perryville, Ky. 
•A. Lau, Sgt. Co. G. 24th Rgt. 111. Vol. In. Chickamauga, Ga. 
L. Stanger, Sgt. Co. A. 24th Rgt. 111. Vol. In. 
H, Ohle, Sgt. Co. A. 82nd Rgt. 111. Chancellorville, Va, 
V. Heinzmann, Sgt. Co. K. 1st Rgt. Rgt. Mich. Vol. Cav. Nine Run Creek. 
G. Snders, Private, Co. G., 24th Rgt. 111. Vol. In., Perryville, Ky. 
G. Runkwitz, Co. G., 24th Rgt. 111., Perryville, Ky. 
C. Schenk, Co. G., 24th Rgt. 111., Perryville, Ky. 
M. V/alter, Co. G., 24th Rgt. 111., Chickamauga, Ga. 
V. Metzler, Co, A., 24th Rgt. 111., Chickamauga, .Ga. 

- 2 - G2RMA1^ 

Abendpost , 5ep. ib, lyiiT. 

E. Loehr, Co. B*, 82nd Rgt. 111., Chancellorsville, Va. 
L, Freind, 9th Rgt# 111. Cav., Arkemsas. 

••Died as prisoners in Andersonvillo: 

••P. Gehrman, Corp. Co. G., 24th Rgt. 111. Vol. In. 
Chas. Dressel, Co. G. 24th Rgt» 111. Vol. In. 
C. Schwartz, Co. G. 24th Rgt. 111. Vol. In. 

F. Schaeffer, Co. H. 24th Rgt. 111. Vol. In. 
S. Mueller, 4th Rgt, Rgt, Ky. Vol. Cav. 


••6. Krey, Co. Union Cadets, near St. Louis, Hiss. River, 

Charles Kirchhoff, Co. G. , 24th Rgt. 111. Vol. In. in Battle Creek, Tenn. 

B. v/einrich. Sailor, Cannon boat ••Perry,** Miss. River. 

Phil. Liebrich, Co. D. 4th Rgt. Ind. Vol. Cav., Ohio River.'* 


Ill D 



Ab>ndoo.t. Aug. 14. 1927. ^"^^ (ILL.) PROJ. 30276 



On August 17 f 1927 it will ba the 150th anniversary of the day 9 when one 
of the most proainent and famous figures of the American War of Independence 
had to pay with his lifoy because of his love for liberty and his loyalty 
to his fatherland* 

GeneraJL Nlklas Hershheimery bom of German parents, on Aug« 17fl777f 
succumbed to wounds which he had receiTed ten days before in the murderous 
battle of Oriskaay, in which his troops were victorious* He died at his 
home in the Mohawk Valley in the state of New Tork* This battle is 
mentioned in American history as one of the deciding factors in the War 
of Independence} Justly the conteiqporaries of Hershheimer valued his 

- 2 - GgMI&N 

Abendpost > Aug^ U, 1927. WPfr (ill.) PRO^-^^^"^^ 

courage and his capabilities by naming a city after him» A monument 
proclaims his famSf and yety the public in general knows him only by the 
tr€Uisformed name • Herkimer^ and does not know his good German name * 
Hershheimer* This trans format ion t many German names have had to undergo 
in America**** 

It was in the year 1776. The ringing of the Liberty bells ^ which were 
cs:lling the country to war against JBnglish tyranny had echoed also in 
the peaceful Talleys of the HudsoUf the Uohawk and Schohaire, in the 
state of New York* Thercy • not far from today's city^ Little Fallsy at 
the Junction of the Schoharie. and the Ifohawk^ neair Troy and the town of 
Herkimer - German immigrantsy after many hardships* had found peace and 
permanent homes* lar against the French and battles with the Indians 
kept the Germstn colonists of the Mohawk Valley in practice* 

- 3 - GBRIMN 

Abtndpost , Aug^ 14, 192U vW f'll>PRO].3027S 

Therefore when the time arrlTed and Liberty belle called, the German 
inmlgrante on the Hudson, Schoharie and Mohawk, were not farmers any 
longer, whom the King of England could sacrifice* Kow it was their 
turn to "check the King*** Hot as hired soldiers of a greedy monarch, but 
as free citisens fighting for home and independence , did; they go into 
the war« The i4)proach of the revolution had split the population of the 
state of New Tork into two factions* The large land owners and the 
merchfluits sided with England, while the young people, the small business 
men and the working classee desired freedom* In the Uohawk Valley the 
German farmers were also enthusiastic adherents of the revolution, while 
on the other hand, the old colonial aristocracy favored England* 

In Tyron County, which included the territories of the Uohawk Valley, 
the Republicane, mostly Germans, organised in 1775 & safety council to 
protect the country against the Indians* 

- 4 - GERIMN 

AbendpQgt , Aug. 14, 1927. WPA (ILL.) PROJ.3027S 

This safety committee organised its fighting forces in four battalions 
which vere commanded by four German Colonels • Niklas Hershheimer was In 
command of the first battalion, Jacob Klock of the second, Friedrich 
Fischer of the third and Hanjost Herchheimer of the fourth* 


In the Hershheimer battalion all the officers, with the exception of one 

lieutenant, were Germans* The president of the safety committee, Johannes 

Ball, was also a German* The Declaration of Independence found the 

Germans on the Uohawk River ready to fight, but almost two years passed 

before the war reached the yalleys of the Mohawk and Schoharie* But 

when in June 1777 t the English General Burgogne decided to advance from 

Canada along the Hudson River to Mew York, and Colonel St* Leger was 

sent with 750 soldiers and 1000 Indians into the Mohawk Valley, Hershheimer, 

who in the meantime had been appointed a genersd , issued a call to arms* 

All the men between the ages of 16 and 60 were recruited and assembled 

where now lies the city of Herkimer* 




I G . 

Abendpoat « Nov. 1, 1918. 

Father of Doughboy Must Pay For His Pro-German Attitude 

•*For nine years I have known a man v;ho used to be a burglar but is now fight- 
ing for his country in France. He is a friend of mine, and this former 
criminal is a better citizen than you have ever been^** said Federal Judge 
Landls to August V/eissensel, who was arraigned before him. 

Weissensel is a man of about sixty years of age, has been in the country for 
forty years, and is an American citizen. In spite of all this he has made 
all sorts of pro-German utterances, as for instance, that if the Germans landed 
in New Tork, one would find out ^hat they would do to roaerica, and many other 
such things. But what esx)ecially exasperated the judge was the fact that, 
although one of his ^eissensel*s7 sons serves in the American anny, he talked 
about the war to his second son, who Just had reached the military age, in a 
pro-German fashion, and attempted to convert the young man to his own ideaa 

Ill D - 2 - GERMAN 

I G 

Abendpos t , Nov, 1, 1918. 

"It is people like you/* continued the judge, "who^ by their attitude, cause 
ten million German-i\mericans in this country to be held in disgust and con- 
tempt by their fellow citizens. For the sake of your son who is serving in 
the army, I will impose on you only half of the punishment the espionage law 
provides for — ten years in the federal penitentiary at Leavenxvorth* " 

Weissensel, who at first had tried to defend himself, listened to the pro- 
nouncement of the sentence silently and apparently unmoved, before he was 
led away. 


III D . GffilRMAI^ 


I C Abendpost , Sept. 17, 1918# 

Better American Soldiers Are Not To Be Found 

(From the Gennan Democracy Bulletin) 

One out of four names is Gennanl So writes the well-known v/ar correspondent 
of the New York Times > Chas. H* Grasty, on September 5, after visiting the 
victorious American troops. One out of four, twenty-five per cent of America's 
fighting power 1 That is the reply to the challenge of the German militarists — 
^•America is only a bluff.** 

It is not only the number /of German-Americans in the American am^ which 
makes this correspondent sing the enthusiastic praises of the efficiency and 

loyalty of American soldiers of German extraction "We have no better 

soldiers. In all my trips up and down the front, I have not found any /troops/ 
who were imbued with a higher degree of American spirit than these splendid 
boys from the Middle West, almost all of whom have German names." 

Ill D - 2 - GERMAN 

I G 

I G Abendpost , Sept. 17, 1918« 

*♦! came across a division,^ writes Grasty, '•in which the German element 
was heavily represented. I shoxild not like to call these young men 'German- 
Americans*; why, I could not even find a trace of Kultur in them. If they had 
ever been inoculated with it, they certainly have gotten rid of it, and that 
is the marvelous and great thing about our political and social system. We 
welcome the newcomer to our midst and make him one of us... .My observations 
have convinced me that we can trust the descendants of the relatively new 
elements in our national body as completely as those whose forebears lived 
during the period of the War of Independence. I have been told about a company 
in another division in which German was the conversational language of the 
soldiers* And not one case of betrayal or treason, not a one I. ..Generally 
speaking, every fourth name in our army sounds German. We have no better 
soldiers. They are all sure of their Americanism. Europeans are often amazed 
at this American \mity. They really expected internal disorders in America, 
since ten per cent of our people are of Teutonic origin. These Europeans did 
not take into account the fact that the elements which the Old Y/orld had given 

Ill D 

- 3 - 


Abendpost ^ Sept* 17, 1918. 

I G 
I C 

us, coTild be, and have been, completely ionericanized. It is true that America 
had to dispose of a few traitors and that these cases, which had special 
featiires, caused great excitement. But here /Jxi Franc^ one has come to the 
conclusion that the attitude of Americans of German descent, taken as a whole, 
is one of the most marvelous and satisfactory phenomena of the war." 

The praise which is paid the American of German origin in France is deserved. 
America, President Wilson, and the leaders of the nation have joined in this 
praise repeatedly. This recognition, earned on the battlefield, must not be 
begrudged or taken away by the "few^, who, as Attorney General Becker of New 
York, conducting the investigation of German propaganda, recently declared, 
"are lying low," meaning that they are just waiting for the moment to drop 
the mask. Small in number, but not entirely without influence, they are 
attempting to retard this process of Americanization. We know them, we have 
often experienced their resistance in our work. In vainl This amalgamation 
of various elements of our people cannot be stopped; it is, as Grasty says, 
one of the most amazing phenomena of the war. May it continuel 


I C 

I G 


Sonntagpost (Sunday Edition of Abendpost ) , 3ept. 1, 1918 

. CIIAITOS OF iaL12?~Ul^^i;C-^3S.^HYI 


]5*rom a special cable dispatch to thj Chicago Tribune , ?/ith the date line: 
•^Vrith the American .irmies in France, August 29,".... ^^^e learn that/ 
Chris Nehmer of Ontonacon, Michip;an, said to a group of (German) prisoners: 
"Folks at home advised lae to change my name, but ny figliting here proves 
that that isn't necessary, because it makes my iimericanism clearly 

An officer, replying to the question as to why the Americans ;vere so 

active (at this particular sector of tho front), said: ''Forty-one oercent 

of this division is of Geriaan descent. All are volunteers. Now draw 
your ovm conclusions." 

'.That can the conclusion be? vrnat does it prove? Nothing else but this: 
This particular division fought so actively and courageously because 








Ill D 

- 2 - 




Sonntagpost (Sunday rldition of Abendpost ) , 3ept. 1, 



it consisted — to the amount of forty-one percent — of raen vxho were 
animated not only by a desire com: ion to all /iiierican soldiers, but also 
by two special objectives v/hich are peculiar to then, namely: to give 
the lie to the foolish gossip that Aiiericans of rterman blood should 
not and v/ould not fight against th ^ Gernans — their blood relatives — and 
to prove by their actions that German blood is also keeping faith mth 
America and is willing to do its duty. Furthermore, /they wanted/ to 
contribute everything possible to overthrow thj German military autocracy 
and to see to it that the German people g:^t y;hat is their ^ by right, 
by carrying the Stars and Stripes — the flag of righteous democracy — for- 
\vard to victory. 

In other v:ords: The special bravery in combat of .Inerican soldiers of 
German origin can be traced to the fact that their love for their people 
and their country, together with the loyalt^^ of the true American, is 
coupled with their love for the German people. Their earnest desire is 


Ill D - 3 - g:i?i.imt 

I c 

I Gr Sonntagpost (Sunday Ildition of Abendpost ) , Sept. 1, 1918. 

to expose any expression of doubt as to the loT^alty of /jnericans of German 
origin as an infanous slander, to secure for the German people a speedy 
liberation from an unv;orthy rule, and to secure for all progressive 
nations the right of self-determination. 

For us, the most important fact is that the conduct of "our boys'* proves 
conclusively that men of German origin are as v/illins: to fight against 
their o^vn blood for the iiiaintenance anc advancement of a great ideal 
as for the maintenance of the dynasties of the high and mighty despots 
at whose command Germans have fought for centuries. 

The soil of Germany (and of neighboring countries) has been drenched 
X7ith German blood, shed by Germans in the interests, and at the commands, 
of their masters. That, in spite of this fact, it v;as claimed, here and 
there, that it was a great injustice to ask /jnericans of German origin 
to fight against German soldiers, is a mistake that can onl; be explained 

Ill D . - 4 - GSRI^IMT 


I a Sonntagpost (Siinday Edition of Abendpost ) , Sept. 1, 1918 • 

by the tronendous emotional and nervous tension of the times. It is in- 
deed fortunate that events have proved thi3 clain to be unfounded, and 
that, at the sazne time, the loyalty to duty and the courage of German blood 
in .imerica have been so clearly manifested — a fact for v/hich -.;e cannot 
thank too much those brave boys of the division, forty-one percent of 
v/hose men are of CJerman blood, and all other boys of German blood fight- 
ing in Aiaerican armies, 

A change of naine is unecessary — only the fiilfillmont of duty counts. That 
should be clear by nov: even to the most nearsighted people. 

^ A 

I -■ ,j '■ 4 Oil 

Ill D aSR!.IAIT 

I G 

Abendpost , Aug. IS, 1914. 

German Reservists Ready to Fight on Ainerica^s Side 

A.^ainst Japan 

The GeiTinan reservists vrtio are stranded here in Chicago, but v/ho have the burn- 
ing desire to prove their patriotism by bearing arms for their country, have 
hit upon a new idea vjhich may help them to realize their ambition. As soon 
as the nevjs of Japan* s threatening attitude towards Germany had spread, they 
decided on a plan which found public expression during an informal meeting held 
last night in the Bismarck Hotel. Like most other Americans, they think it ^ 
impossible for the United States to stand idly by in case Japan declares war 
on Germany and the Yellows attempt to become the sole masters in the China sea 
and the adjoining v/aters of the Pacific Ocean. Tney rather expect America to 
be drawn into the brawl. 

If that should happen, the reservists — three thousand men have already declared 
their xvillingness — want to forra several volunteer regiments under the command 



III D « 2 - g2:tcak 

I G 

Abend^ost , Xyx%. 18, 1914. 

of German officers and r^o to war for their old and their adopted countries. 
At the German consulate the idea is regarded favorably. Consul Tiieisvritz, 
when asked whether the men would be credited by the German authorities with 
the time they served under the ^unerican flaf^, observed that this could 
probably be arranr:ed. Since so far it has been impossible to send the 
reservists to Germany, the next best thinr^ ^Ajould really be to let them fight 
top:ether with an eventual ally. The Reich would probably sanction this pro- 
cedure afterv/ards by a proclamation. Althour^h international lav; had no "oro- 
visions for a case like that because it lias no precedent, the German Government 
would certainly not object to this so it of military service. 


> III D SEHMAJ ^ig IIH. 11 

' ITT B 2 Abendpost . June 23, 1904 





Surrounded 'by the hiirrahe of old comrades, by the rejoicing of hiindreds of ladies 
and gentlemeut welcomed hy blsfing trumpets and praised hy qualified speakers^ 
by the comrades of the CiTil War -> so yesterday evening stood Major-General Peter 
Joseph Osterhaus at the flag-draped meeting hall of the old Iremont House* 
Snotty nhite are the hairs of his head and hie whiskers, but keen-eyed, strai^t 
as a dart, a real military figure, a youthful old man of ei^ty- three years. 
General Osterhaus modestly accepted the homage paid to him not only by the 
American Institute of Germanics*^, the Military Order of Royal Legiou and the 
Grand Army of the Republic, but also by the yotmger brothers- in--arms of German 
and American origin, the German-American and American citizen and the numerously 
represented fair sex* 


Reception in honor of the General Osterhaus* This announcement brought hundreds 
of both sexes in gala dress to the old Tremont House. They came with the bronze 
button of the Grand Army, with the commemoratiTe medals of the 1870-1871 war, 
with bri^t orders and medals of warlike significance of other countries - 

-2- Ko^'-^'j^mmtujs 

Abendpost t June 23, 1904 

and bat ties » to assemble in Booth Hall at the third floor of Tremont House in 
order to pass the old warrior and shake hands with the famous General 

After the reception the assembly met at the large meeting hall« The chairman^ 
Hr« Otto C* Schneider, President of the American Institute of Germanics » 
introduced, after a short welcome address, the speakers: 

First came President James of Northwestern University, who was followed by 
General Grant, the Commander-in-Chief of the Department of the Lakes, Harry 
Rubens, General Leake, Colonel Foster, Otto C. Butz, Adam Ortseifen and Wilhelm 
Vocke* The contents of all the short but substantially enthusiastic speeches 
dealt not only with honoring the merits of General Osterhaus and of our adopted 
fatherland in particular, but more with the honoring of the Germans in general* 

It is only regrettable, that certain elements cotild not hear how men like 
Genei^alt Grant and Leake and Colonel Foster feel and think about the German 
element and its sacrifices of life and property for the preservation of the 
Union* As often as the name of the General Osterhaus was mentioned a storm of 

-S- W^ ^1/ GERMAN 

Abendpo st , Jiine 23, 1904 

jul)ilation Tnirst forth, especially when General Leake related in a soldier-like 
way the war-like career of the guest of honor, who entered the war on the side 
of the Horth as Major of two companies of Missouri Militia, who fought in the 
East and South as Colonel, General and Major-General, and who received, as 
Commander of an Army Corps, the capitulations of the Rebel Generals, Lee and 
Smith* Jubilant exclamations of the assembly, the Reveille of the Grand Army 
of the Republic, the College yells of the students followed the words of the 
General and this tumult increased after the guest of honor himself, the war-hero 
and swordsman Osterhaus, expressed his thanks for the honors, and expressed 
admiration for the Americans* mi litazy courage and wished the everlasting 
sunshine of peace and welfare for their children and grandchildren* Modesty 
was the most prominent virtue of the old warrior* The tone of his voice was 
the only thing that reminded the audience of the years that rested upon his 





Ill D 
II A 2 


Abendpostt M arch 9, 1904« 

WPA (ILL) PBOJ. 30275 


At the Oraceland Cemetery yesterday, the remains of a poptilar and honored 
German, Mr. L. Gustav Gottmannshausen^ was interred* Kximerous friends 
of the old veteran participated in the funeral. Pastor Rudolph John 
held the funeral speechf Miss Clara Nehls recited two solos* The chaplain 
P'' of the Ulysses Grant Posty G» A* R.^ Wm. Bussy^ delivered in the name 

I of the comrades* a short memorial address, and the Ulysses Grant Sisters 
placed an American silk flag at the breast of the deceased* 

As representatives of the Germania Lodge * A« F* & A. M* functioned the 
pall bearers: Patil Wernecke, Martin Gottmann, Greorg Heintzmannt Jacob 
Spohny Friedrich and Carl Weter* 


The deceased came in 1854 at the age of 16 years from Saxe-Weimar to Chicago, 

For many years he was the owner of a meat market on North Clark Street and 
|r was last Superintendant of the Post Office in the stock yards. 

Ill D Abendpost , JantL&ry 27, 1S02 GERMAH 

m A Feels Himself a German 

11^ H Admiral Schley is Proud That jftfPA (JLL) PROJ.SOz/. 

German Blood Courses in His 


The Germans of Chicago have presented today their special respects to Admiral 
Schley at a reception in the Memorial Kail of the Library "building* Mr* 
Wilhelm Vocke delivered the greeting address in the name of the German- 
Americans of Chicago, and Mr. Michaelis read the resolutions in honor of the 
guest**.. With a grateful bow Admiral Schley accepted these resolutions, 
artistically executed on parchment and gave the following address: 

"My German friends I As you all may know, I also am a descendant of a German 
family that left the fatherland in 1769 to settle in America. They settled in 
the state of Maryland and named the county and the city founded by them, 
Frederick, after the great Prussian King* I am happy and proud that I am of 
German origin. Wherever the German turns his ^eps he always makes a good 

The United States owes to our great Germany a large part of its wonderfiil 
development and its amazing success* Prom my grandmother»s side I come from 
a Huguenot family which, after suppression of the "Edict of Nantes", had to 


-2- GSai/iAK 

ATpendpost . January 27, 1902 WPA (ILL.) P^OJ 50?'^ 

flee from France and who found a safe home in G-ermany. So you see that my 
descendants on the father's side had found a protected sanctuary among the 

I feel sorry that the time does not permit me to make the personal acquaintance 
of a larger numtoer of my German friends hut my program of trs^vel was made up 
"before I came to Chicago. I owe you greater thanks than my tongue is ahle to 
express. This is one of the occasions hy which the heart is so deeply moved 
that the tongue is not ahle to find the ri^t words. Be convinced that this 
hour is not to "be forgotten as long as I live.'' 


* III B 2 

 Til A 

ifeendpost. Jaxu 23, 1902 


Adalral Schley is today (and for the next tuo days) the guest of the Ci^ of Chicago, 
and he certainly will not have to conrplaln ahout his reception and treatment* She 
German Chlcagoans are unanimously "for Schley** and a delegation of 23 as representar 
tlTSs of the (German clubs will gre^t him. 

The imerlcans are often accused of helng rou^ materialists and to have a mind and 
understanding only for outer greatness* to honor only visible success* But how Is 
this with Schley? 

Xhe guest for whom the heart of Chicago beats warmly Is a retired admiral* He left 
the active service; he has no offices or honors to give awayt and he Is a comparative- 
ly poor man* Bights he has won a sea battle J He was the oommandex^lnr-chlef 
of the jkmerlcan squadron on July 3^^9 IS9S, idisn It destroyed the S|panlsh battle* 
ships* But that war lies far behind us; three and one-*half years have passed 
since that feat of armsf and one has learned to Judge calmly about the nhole affair; 
there are today many people who deplore It and ve^ many who do not like to talk 
about It* If Schley was recognized from the start as the victor of Santiago » 
there, on his visit, he might receive the same outward honors, but It would be dif- 
ferent* Because the earned recognition was denied to him, because he was persecuted 
and because he showed himself so modest and discreet In contrast to others, the 
heart of the people of Chicago beats to gaily for him* iChe reception concerns 


• 2- 
AbendpoBt. Jan. 23* 1902. 



^ Just as nnich thm ••Man Schley** as the victorious general. 

Because the well-earned laurels were denied to the admiral, the people give him 
double honors t . 

A people that feels and acts like this cannot have grown dissolute entirely with 
materlalisnit as Is said so often* 

■::i«w r 

Ill p 


-II B 


I J 

I G 

I V 






Illinois Staats Zeltung, A ug, 29, 1900. 

p» 8«« The Society of the Veterans of the 24th Regiment of Volunteers of 
Illinois 9 known as the famous Hecker Regimsnt^ arranged a re-union of the 
German veterans last ni^t in the spacious North Side Turner Hall* The 
large attendance at the affair proved once again that the German comrades 
are much more appreciative of the bond between them than shown by veterans 
of other nationalities**.* 

The national colors were used in the decoration of the hall* Displayed upon 
banners were the names of prominent German leaders of the Civil Wiar* Also 
the names of the battles in which the German troops won for themselves an 
everlasting name in history* •• On the stage ihen the curtain rose, were 
assembled the veterans of the Hecker Regimdnb^ the hosts of the evening* 

There they stood in the accustomed military posture with lb** Matt em, the 
president of the society as their leader* Jl few words of welcome were then 
extended to the assembled 1,000 veterans by Ur* Ifattern* Adolph George 
was introduced as chairman of the evening celebration* 

Ur* Wilhelm Vocke delivered the very enthusiastically received address which 


i - 2 - gERMAN 

• Illinois Staats Zeituqg > Aug* 29, 1900* 

he closed with these vordss **There is magic in the name of George H« 
Thomas!*.. No commander in chief was ever as highly esteemed by his troops 
as was that great hero* He inspired his men as no one had ever done in 
the past* 

"^e was a native of Virginia and yet, unlike the rebel, Robert £• Lee, 
remained true to his military oath. He was a loyal patriot. Joining the 
military forces of the North immediately at the outbreak of the war* His 
qualifications and military leadership were revealed from the moment he first 
drew his sword against the enemy at Uill Springs* Thomas represents a 
soldier with the virtues of a gallant warrior*** 

Judge Theodore Brentano was represented by Ur. H. S. Bout ell, a member of 
congress, who said in English: ^... I consider it a special honor and privi- 
lege to address this great gathering of German veterans* Cheerfully have 
they given their lives, although they did it not in defense of a monarch or 
for any conquest* They gave their blood for the preservation of two great 
ideals. The first, the preservation of the Union idiich is at all times the 
first thought of every true American*..* 

"^Abolition of slavery was the second. The accomplishmsnts of the Grand Army 



• 3 • GSRM&g- ; 

* Illinois Staats Zeltuqg t Aug* 29, 1900 # 

of the Republic will live forever in the annals of our history. The swords 
of the American soldiers were never used unless it was in defense of Justice 
and humanity* Neither did they ever give up until they had won the victory**^ 

A salvo of applause followed the speech* ••• The beautiful basso voice of 
Hermann Diets was then heard singing: Black Clouds from. Milloecker*s, The 
Army Chaplain* He was followed by the Senefelder and the Turner Uale Choirs, 
rendering the Old Kentucky Home 

• • • 

liajor Rassieur was then introduced as the next speaker* He is one of those 
highly cultured German->Amer leans* His subject was: German poetry, and the 
German intellectual life in Amsrica* He paid tribute to the Germans for their 
excellent influence upon the development of the American nation* He said 
that the German-Americans displayed an understanding for the welfsire of this 
country far greater than did the natives of the land* He expressed the wish 
that the distinguished services rendered by German-Amsricans to their adopted 
fatherland would always be remembered* 

Letters of regret received from persons unable to be present were read by 
Vr. Vocke* 



. 4 - GERMS 

Illinois Staats Zeitung^ Aug* 29, 1900. 


General Sigel of New York saidi ** I deeply regret my inability to be present 
at the festivities in honor of the Veterans of the 24th Reginezxt of Illinois* 
It would have been a joy to greet personally the coinrades of the regiment* 
Greetings from a comrcule* I remain, Yours, F« Sigel*** 

The contents of the letter received from Ur. Wilhelm Rapp, publisher of the 
Illinois StaatS'^Zeitung are as follows t **To the German heroes of the IMion* 
I felt quite honored by the invitation to attend your festivities* But a 
written word in my opinion is more significant than my presence* The fact 
that the patriotic press worked hand in hand with you who performed heroic 
deeds on the battle fields can not be disregarded* I am proud that as a 
representative of the press from Baltimore and Chicago, I was privileged to 
be one of your loyal comrades* Ifsty you all be blessed with a long life* 
Tour friend, Wilhelm Rapp*^ 


iSi-'''":^- '■•TTT Ti ,--■':" .. ■:• '■ ■'^- ' - ■'■.'■'  .* ■-■" •  '' • ^ -•■■"• rr??"DVAicr .■■ .■■-.^:- -^i-^t:^ 


, g5r:.:aii 

-  C  a *--■*' i  

i^Mv V: :',':^^^.^^^ - .- Abendioost , Sept. 7, 1S9S 


*♦ ^ 


''^iv'>';^;v---v   .•■:-^.. . •.■•,.., >'^ 


'•^^^- A' It is reported from Santiago that of the sick volunteers of the (jerman- 
^;^i r^i^AirKTican regiment, who were kept in Cuba, five more hove died, increas- 

^j^ ^;:ing.the total munber of dead to 53* 

.■:■■  ; -f^": i 

^^^^^.j^^lf'xyLens can he carried out, the fir?t regiment — the German-Americrn ' v~ 
^%^/;# volunteers — will leave L'ontauk Point today. The regiinent will "be hoarded • 
^■}iif:^'iYon three trains. On the firrt train wilT he ?00 sick soldiers, and also -^ - 

'"'-; Colonel T-Qj-ner and hiF 7/ife, On the second train will he all the healthy . ^. ^^.. , 
i'^ men about 100 of them, and the third train will hold the 5OO convalescents. ^?>';^^-r^^ 

yv/The trains will ar'^ive in Chicrgo tomorrow night or Friday morning. 


vf'v;'^/^ Dr. Stanton has arranged at the dif-^erent hospitals for the c^re of lUO- 
:K^"';--^^ sick men, and 40 of then will find shelter and care in private homes. / 
:^-*j:^iiEe has secured already jobs for sixteen men for those without employment 

S4'.i1^-:''^'4Bii'- their retiarn. .'-;" ^ ' . '^''- ..:''-y. . .;.,■ .l-\ 

^ - 


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V^TA (ILL) PRO]. 30271 



'^■^ y; Abend-post « September 6th, 1898 • 

'^^Slngle members of the German-American Regiment of volunteers arrive grad- 
^-fually here, being sent home on sick, furlough. Unexpected obstacles have 
t imade the departure of the idiole regiment from Montank Point, which was -olan- 
ned for to-day, imoossible for the present. The Railroad Companies can 
not get sufficient sleepers together in such a short time, and it seems 
certain that it will taie several days* 

One of ^he convalescents of the regiment, Mr. &• Drew, who arrived recently 
* speaks of his experiences with understsnding and moderation. He states that 
the regiment lay in the trenches at Santiago for five days in the burning 
heat of the sun, and in pouring rain alternately. It was therefore no 
surprise that many took sick. He considered the food received as good and 
plentiful, but the meals for the sick had been rather unsuitable, however, 
with the exception of the meals in the hospital of Montank Point. 
Similar statements were made by Corporal Blood. 

Ill D 

WPA (ILL) PRO J. 3027S 

iBmmPOST. Septenber Ist, 1898. 

Soldiers fxplolted By Pirates. 


A private correspondence of a yoang Oerman^^Anericant Willy 7riedlander fron the 12th 
regular infantry regiment « was turned over to the disposal of the * Ahen jS oost*  We 
gather from this letter the following! When troops were transported from Santiago 
to Hontank Pointt the cooks and stewards made ezorhitant profits* The rations, 
which were famished to the soldiers, were mostly nnfit to eat, hecaase of their 
bodily condition* The men were therefore compelled to huy food from the kitchen 
of the ship* They r were charged for a sandwich .^^ and for pie $1.00* and for other 
things prices in the same compariatiTe ratio* 

At the end of the Tqyage the wages of the soldiers were practically all in the 
pockets of the codes and stewards* 

Ill D 

Abendpost. SeT)tcinl)er let, lg98» 


WPA (ILL) FROJ. 30275 


It will depend upon the decision of Governor Tanner, whether the First Infantry- 
Regiment of German-American Volunteers will he discharged in Springfield or 
Chicago. General Adjutant Corhin states that he is ready to comply with the wishes 
of the friends of the regiment, when Congressman Mann, representing these friends, 
approached the federal officer, hut added that the final decision mast he left to 
the Governor of Illinois, Whatever the decision may he, one thing is certain, 
namely, that the regiment will receive at their home-roming a most jubilant 
welcome. The strong organizations of I5OO veterans will take care of this. 

Colonel Turner of the first regiment lost his passion for war at Santiago. He 
had taken part in the Civil War already and he can he hlamed for stating that two 
wars were more than ehough for Him, 

Colonel Turner gives the following information in regard to the 133^ men of the 

Page 2 


Abendpost, September 1st, 1S98. 


8I9 men landed at Montank Point, I9 men were left sick lu Santiago, SI men left 
with a selected corps for Porto Rico, Ug men are on the steamer "Unionist", and 
200 of the men are still in Sihonex, where they are waiting transportation 

This is a total of II67 men» The others are either dead or have not landed in 
Cuba ifor other reasons. 

Ill D 



ABBHDPOST. August 27th. 1898. 

Disbanding Of The aermaa-lmerlcan Heglment." W?A (ILL) PROJ. 30275 

The Tiret Lieutenant, H* C. Schuamiy who is stationed at this time at Governor^e 
Island, Vew Tork, as Adjutant to General frlllespie, declar^Ha in a letter , dated 
JLugaet 22ndt 189^ t that the local Oerman^Aioerican regiment fn officially dishanded. 
Mr. Schuom was upon the recommendatioii hy the organisation committee elected hy the 
officers of the regiment to the colonel ship« 


Ill D 


Die AbendTiost. J une ISth, ISgS. 


^ m. # 


The Commandpr of the German-American Volunteer Regiment. 

The (jerman-Amprican Volunteer Regiment has elected its officers, with the ex- 
ception of two companies, which have not yet obtained their full numerical 
strength. As we asserted in this column at the "beginning of the week. First 
Lieutenant Hermann C. Schumm of the Second Artillery Regiment of the regular 
army, was selected as Colonel. Since Monday he has "been in Chicago on furlough, 
and he will accompany Mr. F. J. Dewes, William Vocke and George Schneider when 
these gentlemen will seek an audience with Governor Tanner, for the purr^ose of 
inducing him to call the regiment to the front. Col* Schumm is 3^^ years old and 
was horn in the practically German town of Sauk Cit^^ in Wisconsin. 

His widowed mother, and most o^ her children have lived for many years in 
Chicago, so that he may he justly classified as a Chicagoan. He has "been a 
member of the National army since 1S?53, in which year he mssed his "acceptance 
examination" as the bpst of the ar)T)licants, and then entered the officers 


Die Aljendpost^ June ISth, 1S9S, 


training school, the Military Academy at West Point • There, as well as later in 
the service, he always displayed diligence, adherence to duty, and understanding. 
Tor the cause of humanity he did a most daring and heroic deed:- During a stomy 
day in New York Harbor, he went to the rescue o^ two shipwrecked peoT)le, near 
Port Schuyler whereupon the Dept. of Finance awarded the "Life-saving medal" to 
him in Octoher 1S92. He graduated from the Artillery School of Port Monroe bxA 
alternately served with the Infantry, Pi eld-Artillery and the Port Artillery, 
which thoroughly familiarized him with nearly all forms of arms. Desmte his 
service, he has not forgotten his mother tongue and "besides German anri English 
he speaks Prench perfectly, aji acquisition of linguistic knowledge, which is 
rare for an American officer. We may congratulate the German-American Pegiment, 
in having o'btained such ^n intelligent, amiahlet and capable leader. 

' « 



DIl ABmmPOST. June qth. 18<«. '^'-J 50^^/6 

Tba Propaganda CooDlttee Tor Tha RacKoitixig Of 
■■% ' tlui Oanan-Aaerican Begliiant» recelTed notices fron Peoria and Xlgln^ that sereral 
,^ eo|q>aniea are being organised there* shlch will be Incorporated In the regiment* 
Z^ Jroa the little country town of VapendUe, 21 men applied for entry to the Oeman 

. . ::::; «ectl«^ 

^7?*£' ^i ■■■'.■  

g;:^ The "Agitation meetings" irtileh will he held In the Interest of 

t^ ihe regiment to-morrow, at the social t 1. e» South Side fumhall and Friday at the 
; ^iknrora Tornhallt are expected to help swell the ranks* 




f5 4N 

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' • -v-- 

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III B 2 

III A DIM jMBCDPOSt . Maqt 30th, 189S. 

17 For The Geraon Xeslaent^ " ^ ; 

Massneetlngs for Beemitliie Pnrpotes* 

. ' "■"] ... "  '. ' ■'•■..-■■■•. ^ _ 

In order to "speed trp^ the cospletlon of the Geraan-Averlcan Eegtaentt It was de* 
elded jeeterday, at the aeeeahlx of the delegatee, ihieh was called espreeely for 
this pnrpoeot to organise four aass^Beetlni^s during this week^ dates and loeatloa 
fellow la chrea^ogleal order t Wed* June 1st,-* Llneoln !PurBhall, SlTersejr Bird* near 
Sheffield ATOime, 8 ?»M*t Rmrsdajrt J^u&e 2ad, Torinurts Ttimhallt Vo. 1168 W« 12th 
Streett 8 ?«I.t f yidajr, June 3^A, ll^easliigton Tumhallf 8 P* !!•, Stmdagrt Jtmo 3th, 
Tomhall at Harlea, 3 o*clodc la the afternooa<i Vext week, aeetlags are pxeposed ai 
the. Aurora TurBhall, at the Hall of the West side TornTereln sad at Blue Island, all 
for the saae purpose^ The Coanlttee on Propaganda lAleh has 'been angnented Iqr the 
addition of Mr* T. 0. Sewes and George Schneider, will procure esdnent speakers^ 

yr- 4 r^t:--' 

■j^< i 


In answer to a question i)ertalnlng to recruiting. It was decided yesterdagr, that the 
German iBorlcan reglaent will only accept applicants who were either horn In Gemoqr 
#f those wkio are descendants of Gemans. llr# Vaef , the president of the C9lunhla 
Park Association offered his heantlfta park to the "Agitation Comlttee* 



"»♦-■.'■ ; 

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pa JBIHIPOOT. May 30th, lg9S. 


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for the 3tli or 12th of Jime* If It Is considered desirable to arraiige a picnic for 
the tenef It of the Reglaent^fand* Mr* Dewes declaredt It will hardly he necessary^ 
to resort to such aeasures In order to ohtaln the necessary iieans for the reglsental 
Oiialpaentt hat neverthelesst the offer deserres consideration. 

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I G 

Die AT?endT)0«tf May 28, 1898, 



A meeting is to be held in the interests of the German Tomer Regiment, 
Sunday morning at 10 o'clock at the recruiting office, ntunter 70 Clark Street* 
It will remain open from 10-12 k.U. Frank Bielefeld, a former Prussian officer, 
also a veteran of our Civil Wat and later a Captain of the local "Education 
and Defense Clu1>(Lehr und Wehr-Verein) concluded to enter the war service 
once more* He is endeavoring to organise a company of volunteers, to he com- 
posed of his numerous friends which prohahly will he affiliated with the German 
regiment later* 

All persons who intend to Join Bielefeld's Company, are requested to present 
themselvet-at the Tumhall Vorwarts, west 12th Street, tomorrow, at 8 ?• If* 
Applications will also he accepted at any time hy Mr. Hennig, the Hall-manager. 

Ill D Die AbendT)OSt> May 19, 1898# 



Even in the Irish Regiment many Germans are serving the nation. The 
officers and men of the 7th Regiment swore allegiance to the flag 
yesterday, in the presence of Captain S* C. Roberts and now Colonel 
Kavanagh and his soldiers are bona fide National warriors* 

The regiment's list of names shows that it is not entirely composed 
of representatives of the Celtic race. It is not likely that Mr. 
lippert, second lieutenant of company "I" is of Irish descent and 
such names as Ruber, Henze, Kaufman, Schrader, Hasse, Lorenzen, 
Oppenheimer, Glowitzki, Schaefer, Schneider, Schien, Cawitzka, 
Bchkardt etc. do not show Celtic origin. 

Col. Emil Bloch obtained permission from the Lincoln Park Commissioners 
to use the ball field for a training ground for the "German Turner 
Regiment," every Monday and Tuesday from 8:30 to 10:00 P.M. 




:m ni B 2 

i III A DIl JBBPgOStl May Znd, 1898. 
I G 

Spanish War. 
flM ■nthaalata la Uadlalnlahad. 

▲ •••ting has }^e%xk •ehodulod for thl« •Tanlng, at tho Horth-sldo Turnhall* 
llattart ag^^rtainiag to tha now r^gladat will %• dlseats^d. All Tom Clulit ara 
raqn08t«d to •and a rapr^s^ntatlTa as a tmlf i^d plan for tho organisation of tha 
^Oaraan raglaont Is to ba consldsrod* All those, who hare announced their Intention 
to \>B aeaibers of this reglaent and also those who Intend to Join, should present 
ithattsalTas at tha Tumhallf Tfaarsday evening at 7s30» Drilling will be eoflnenced 
eae^t Mondaj* Frasldent Schlenker of the Oeraan Warriors Association of forth Aaerlcat 
'Considered It his dnty* to report to President He Klnley, that. If necessity requires 1 
It* the Bepubllc can rely on the serrlce of the association's aeahers. lie Klnlejr's 
private secretary replledt that the letter has been sent to the far Departaentt with 
a request for proper consideration* The Oeraan f arrlors Club of ChlcagOt of which 
^ Mr* Schlanker Is a aeifter, endorsed his stand unanlaously, yesterdaglr and adopted the 

followlag resolutions As our adopted Tatherland Is endangered by war^ this assoclatlOfb 
. has uaanlaoosly -decided, that If- our help Is necessary, then we, old, eiqperlenced 

^lt^*^^ !Ji^ ^ Prwrt to aarra our country lAwiarar callad upon, In conjunction ^ 
nth all othar farriora Aaaoelatlona. «iij««c»i«n 

¥ ''** ^™"» '«'«•• '««»« Kwlatkowakl. Sac, 

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S-> 7 


PIl iBMEPOeT. April 50th, 1898* 

•- •  

.■ f . 

f4. ,1. 

At Ara** Captain Bloeh and Hit Man* 


—% The foraatlon of the Turaep-SeglBent It progressing rapidljt so reports 
l$e|itala Bloch with pride* 

"!: iJMiic the BOA nho wanted to JolBt are naay lAio serred In the OeraaB anqr« 
There is sneh a large contingent of artllleristSt that the leaders eontewplate ta^ 
^peparate thea and fono a hatterj* This would sorely he a ralnable addition to the 
national angr« T^ recruiting (training) will he continued at the Horthslde 
^Tumhally until fturther notice* The Independent Order of Eonort la e« the 
gentlesen iriio condnet Its affalrsv hare offered to glre a f estlral on the 13th or 
23rd of May* The net proceeds will he glTon to the treasurer of the Turner 
reglaent • v--^v , 

The feaale patriots of the tasperance Cluht 'Christian fc^nen* urgaitly re-» 
q[uested of General Miles, that he prohibit the use of Intoxicating hererages anong I 
thB troeps at the caapSi;^ 

•■ ■-■■  ■:■  -}^S}'.' *•-■ 





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Ill D 
III B 2 i 

II B 3 

III A Die Abandpost. May 20, 1896. GSmiAN 

in H —^ 


The Thursday Club of the Germania Male Chorus has been quite success- 
ful in its efforts to obtain funds for the equipment of the Turner 
regiment. So far $1200.00 has been pledged by various signers. At 
yesterday's meeting of the Club it was decided to organize a press- 
bureau for the purpose of obtaining proof, so that Americsui papers 
may note that public opinion in Germany and German-Austria is not 
more favorably inclined towards the Spaniards than the Americans^ 

A meeting was called yesterday at Franklin Hall, at 18th and State 
Street under the leadership of Mr. William Reiseneg^er as a protest 
against an English alliancet rv^lch is at present advocated in certain 
circles. Ex-City Treasurer Kilbassa acted as chairman of the proceed- 
ings and Assistant-Police Attorney Ingenthron delivered a great speech 
wherein he gave reasons to justify the objection. It was then edited 
to appear as a resolution and will be submitted to the representatives 
of Illinois in the Senate. 


' III D 
^ III B 2 

III D (Jewish) 

III B 2 (Jewish) 

II B 2 d U) 


Illinois otaats Zeituiig, Oct, 25, 1887 


Last night •s celebration, at the North Side Turner Hall was one of special interest 
to those members of the 82nd Illinois Infantry Jlegiment, Illinois National Guard, 
who fought in the Civil War. It was the 25th anniversary of the enrollment of this 
regiment into the United States Army. The hall was appropriately decorated with 
American flags, the eagle, and the flag of the 82nd regiment. The stage on which 
were placed numerous pictures of tents and cannon and arms, grouped in the well 
known military fashion, represented a battle scene behind the lines. 

Comrade Peter Adler was Ijkster of Ceremonies. After Kretlow and his orchestra had 
played two pieces, A. C. Hesing upon the invitation of the committee stepped on 
the platform and announced that the speech, which was supposed to be delivered by 
Hempstead Y/ashburne, would necessarily be omitted, as death had just taken his 
illustrious father, Elihu B. V/ashburne, and added that the deceased had shown him- 
self by various acts throughout his life, as a warm friend of the German people. 
This friendship was also expressed in a special wish of Slihu ',7ashburne, that his 

K *^ 


\ III D • -2- ><<-==^^ GERMAN 

III B 2 

III D (Jewish) 

III B 2 (Jewish) 

Illinois Staats Zeitung ^ Oct. 25, 1887. 

funeral should be conducted by Gerroan people in the German manner, and to the 
strains of German music. Complying with this wish, a double quartette of the 
Orpheus and the Germania male choruses will participate in the funeral services. 
The Chicago Turner community will honor the deceased with a detachment of torch 
bearers in the funeral procession. A request was received from the family of Mr. 
V/ashburne, for a German g\iard of honor from the dhurch to the depot. The family 
would be highly pleased if this guara could be composed of veterans , only. 
Complying with this honorable request sixteen members of the 82nd and the 24th 
Veteran's Societies were chosen. 

Liany prominent Gerrran and English spe^iking citizens have gathered for the program 
at Turner Hall. The thirty six surviving men of the 82nd Regiment, including a 
negro, who as the company's cook learned to speak German, took their stand in 
front of the stage where comrade Peter Adier introduced each one separately, each 
being loudly acclaimed by the audience. Genei'al iiidward S« Salomon then gave the 
address, which was as follows: ''It is a great joy to be here with you after an 

.1. : 

< III D -3- /?f^^^ GERMAN 

III B 2 

III D (Jewish) 

III B 2 (Jewish) 


. ;!' 

Illinois Staats Zeitung ^ Oct. 25, 1887, 

absence of sixteen years, and to participate in the anniversary festivities, and to 
have the opportunity to speak of the glory of the 82nd Regiment, which ."was composed 
mostly of citizens from Chicago. 

It was October 23rd, 1862, when the 82nd Voliinteer Infantry Regiment of Illinois 
was attached to the standing army of the United States. The organization of this 
Regiment encountered mary difi'iculties, but with the liberal help of the German 
Americans of this city, the regiment with its 1,000 laen was soon ready for battle. 
I consider it my privilege to mention those patriotic and self-sacrificing citi- 
zens, in behalf of our regiment, among them A. C. Hesing lidio deserves to be first 
mentioned. The excellent. Company B, known as the Hesing sharpshooters, had an 
equipment which was made possible only by the generous funds Ur. Hesing put at its 
disposal. Another noble patriot to be mentioned is Henry Greenebaum. He called a 
meeting of the Israelites and urged them, in an inspiring and patriotic speech, to 
recruit a company for our regiment. The result was astonishing and before the 
meeting came to a close, twenty three recruits had enlisted in Company S, and 
pledges for equipment to the extent of $11,000.00 had been jiiade. Lorenz Brentano, 

■'« .>. 





In B 2 

III D (Jewish) 
III B 2 (Jewish) 



Illinois St ats Zeitung , Oct, 25, 1887 

then publisher of the Illinois Staats Zeitung , assisted us greatly through the mighty 
influence of his paper.'* 

.-,■-. '"^-' ■- '^ 

At the end of the address, Comrade Peter Adler fastened onto General Salomon's uni- 
form a diamond set gold medal. The upper half bears a half moon, the sign of 
distinction of the 11th Army Corps, and the opposite side shows a star, the irark of 
distinction of the 20th Army Corps. The medal also bears the inscription: "To our 
commander. General Edward S. Salomon; a token of love and respect from the soldiers 
of the 82nd Illinois Infantry Regiment, whom he led with distinguished gallantry on 
the battlefields of the Union/* The other lower side bears the names of thei 
various battles in iriiich the B2nd Regiment participated. The center of the star 
holds a wreath composed of diamonds. General Salomon expressed, then, his deep 
appreciation for the exquisite gift. 


,- 1- 

t ( 111 D 

III D (Jewish) 
■II A 


Illinois 3t-r:tg Zeituno-, Cct. 5, 1337 

G.^NDIi\L 3Iir\RD SaLOII):: IM GHIC\riO. 



Among the guests who arrived in our city^ yesterd-iy, v/hs CJener:tl 'Jd\^trd Salomon \/ho 
coinintindei the o2nd (Jsriiian IiiTuntry Regin.eiTt o£ Illinuio during the Civil "/ar. 
f^ General S' loinon, vThose present home is S-in ?r?>nciGco, is an old Chicagoan and well 
I known her , and v/e are glad to :<reet him on an occasion which is so Laoortant to 

Chicago, general r.einzrnunn and a number of the General's old coi.radeo were at the 
i Union Station to v/elcorae him md were ^uita surprised to hear the General call 
every one by his name, not forrrettin: even one during the absence of many years. 
|r By special invitation of the co-rr-.des of the -reneral's re^'iments, the 82nd and the 
f,i;i24th, A- C. Hesin^^ and Henry Greenebium joined them, for both of these gentlemen 
are personal friends of the Gener 1 and both of v/hoi: were resoonsible to have 
brought inuo existence those German regiments. Then, preceded by the flag and ba.n- 
ner of the 82nd Regi.:.eiit, the partj^ arrived at Fink and lieinznajin's tavern where 
speech's of welcom.e v/ere delivered. Co. ..plying with a re^.uest :.r. Hesin.: .^ecalled 
tho yenrs v;hen General Salomon lived in Chicago, and how he (liesing) induced the 
governor to attach the -Chicago enrolled Scindinavi n company to thet of the S2nd 
Regiment, thus iiiaking the regiment complete* To this Gener 1 Saloinon replied, that 
} r. I-esing v/as to be accredited v/ith more noble deeds rendered the S2nd Regiment, 
.for he had formed, also, a co.-.ipany of the "Hesing Sharpshooteri^l At the Scune time 



» III D (Jev/ish) 



Illinois otaats Zeituiii.; , Ocu. 5, 1887. 

anothar coitpany, composed exclusively of ueinbers of the Jev/ish faith, v/as brought 
into existence throusrh the efforts cf Hennf Greenebaum \u.o also furnislied the coia- 
pany -./ith funds for the purchase of ev^uiprnent. A vjarm tribute v/us paid to Mr« 
Ilesing by General Salomon for his services to ohe Geriix-in people of Chicago: "Of the 
Geriinns of Cliicago ever forget the v luable services rendered ther. by J.r, Hesing, 
they .^ould prove the most unappreciative people upon this earth. I have followed 
the Gerr::r\n history of Chic'co, althouf,h far aw-iy, therefore I c:^.n :;'ive an unbiased 
opinion.*' Captain ^reorge ' iller in his speech also .jlorlfied "Den alt en Hesing**^ 
as he used to cell hin* To this I.jr. P^esing replied, that he did not feel entitled 
to all the credit given him; who.t could he liave done v/ithout the energetic support 
of the Geriifcins? It is true, he said, that the position he holds now was due to his 
own merits and 'nad e^'.rned him great resT^ect of the American peoole. President 
Cleveland's visit to Chicago inspired him to put a banner above the entrance of the 
Staats Zeitung; building vrhich bears the inscriptioii: *• Americans of Gerhnn origin 
were alvr^.ys f ..ithful, and will reixin alvmys faithful to the union**. 


Ill D 



• , ' ii; -  



Illinois ^taats Zeltung> Jtrne 23, 1887 

WPA (ILL.) PROJ. 30275 


The State of Illinois does not store away its rebel-fla^s and other "trophies" 
from the Civil War as is the case at the Vfar Department in Washington. 
Illinois displays its trophies in the "Memorial Hall" of the Capitol at Spring- 
field**.. lifany of the rehel-flags displayed in Springfield. give evidence of 
German - American capability in the service of the coimtry. The 44th Infantry 
of Illinois, participating in the battle of Pea Ridge, was a regiment largely 
composed of Germans, who conquered and took several flags from the rebel 
regiment of Arkansas. •• • One rebel flag in "Memorial Hall" carrying the in- 
scription: "In God We Put Our Trust" was taken in a hand to hand fight by the 
courageous German rider, John Bergen of the 3rd Cavalry of Illinois at the 
battle of Arkansas Fort on the Arkansas River*««« 


' III D 




Illinois Staats Zelttmg , Dect^mber 9, 1885. 


A\igust Wagenfuhr, "brother of the well-known Gustav Wagenfuhr, died yeaterday 
after a prolonged Illness* He was 48 years old and came to America in 1857« 

He joined Company E of the 82nd Regiment of Illinois and fotxght in the 
battle of Gettysburg, being dangerously wounded# But Wagenfuhr recovered 
and rejoined his regiment and remained in the service \intil the end of 
the Civil War. 

He never recovered completely from the wound received in the battle at 
(rettysburg eind it caused his early death. 






Illinois Staats^Zeltung , Sept. 16, 1879 • 


A meeting was held yesterday at Ohio and La Salle Streets to form a battalion 

of the militia* Uajor Ernst von Danden presided. The organization intends ^ 

to form a battalion of three or four German Qompanies, one Swedish, and one ^ 

Polish company* "^ 

Von Danden told the assembly that he had written to Adjutant General Hillard gg 
in order to incorporate the battalion in the militia, and had been informed ^ 
that the quota of eight thousand men was already filled, that no more arms co 
were available, and that the only chance to become affiliated with the militia § 
would be to replace some companies, if the latter disb€Uid-<»which happens 
occasionally. Hillard, unfortunately, had promised the first two available 
compemies to the sixth battalion; therefore, it may be advisable to become 
affiliated with that battalion. 

After a lengthy discussion, the assembly decided that Mr. von Danden should 


Ill D - 2 - GffiRMAN 

Illinois Staats^ZeltxiDg , Sept* 16, 1879* 

write to the Adjutant General, stating that, under the circumstanoes, it is 
deemed preferable to fozm a battalion which is not already a part of the 
loilitia, and that a request for a pezmit from the governor be made* 




G3R}aK V 

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Ill D 

'^ S "JJ Illinois St' ats Zeitung , June Id, 1377. 


To the editor of the Illinois 3taats Zeitung ; Kindly p.ermit me to use your paper 
as a medium to repel attacks niade upon me by i.Ir, Georg Schneider in his organ 
the GerixEin Abendblatt , I v/ish through your paper to reach my voters whom Mr.  
Schneider tries to persuade "I have broken my pledge to them". Ur. Georg 
Schneider is spreading insinuating rerrarks that I opposed his appointment as , - 
American charge d* affaires to Switzerland, in spite of which ha received the 
appointment and could have assumed the office if he liad chosen to. These asser- "^^ 
tions are entirely wrong. I did not lift a finger of opposition previous to his 
^ appointment, but not because I complied with his v;ishes sent to me by telegraph 
to \7ashington, but because I found his aspirations to join the diplomatic corps 
ridiculous and could not believe even in my v/iidest dreams, that a government 
which pledged itself to the reform of civil service could xrake the mistake of 
appointing a man of his caliber to become a member of the United States diplomatic 
embassy in Bern, and thereby submit that accredited diploi^atic corps to ridicule. 
But when the evening papers of April the 20th brought the nev/s that the government 
is about to appoint him as the successor to that very able diplomat Horace Rublee 





ly^inqj^^^Si/aTvbs ^^iturv^, June 15, lo77, 

v/ho so excellently represented our governinerrt at Bern for ei^ht long years, I 
immediately sent a v/ire to Vx. Evarts in "7a3hing*oon re^uesuing him to v/ibhhold 
the appointment until a letter from me reaches him. It was too' late; before my 
telegram reached I.Ir. Evarts, lJr« Schneider load been appointed xo that post at a 
cabinet session. In said letter I wFirned against his appointr.ient on the grounds 
of his incompetency as consul to Helsinger. This \7as and still is my conviction. 
Our government endeavours to put our civil service including the diplomatic and 
consular service on a a high level, ana I told them of the blunder they committed, 
I did not break tho pled.^e to my voters, but have performed the duty of a Repub^ 
lican citizen and a very special duty as a representative of the nation, I do 
regret that I v/as forced to this publication, but Llr. Georg Schneider through his 
unprovoked att':icks on me was not satisfied otherwise. I am not conceited enough 
to believe that ray infornntion alone caused Mr, Schneider to res.ign involuntarily 
his appointment; other protests in this natter have been received in .ashington, 
especially from prominent Germans of Nev/ York; the most marked effect was produced 
by a letter written by Dr, Schlotzer, his own brother-in-law. It would be quite 
misleading if L!r, Georg Schneider tries to base my infornation to the state 
department on personal hatred. Surely, he can not have forgotten that at a 



g3ri.:an\-o,"-' " 


Illinois Staats Zeit un;., June 15, 1877. 

meeting' of 'the representatives of theRepublic'"^n ■p'irty of our state I publicly 
paid tribute to his political activxuies and, that upon my proposal he \7as 
appointed president of the German-.^Laerican Republican Society. 

I felt it my duty to warn the Government of the propriety of It. Schneider's 
appointment to a diplo;:iatic post, and did so in the interest of public service, 
and executing a patriotic duty. 

I ll D 
: Chicago Tribune , Ity 31, 1877 

An Informal Tribute. 



Of the heroes v/ho fell fighting for their adopted country, about lOO Geriian- 
Americans soldiers sleep in the quiet cemetery of ./alcjheiin. For this point 
a large nurober of our Germ?^.n citizens, v/ith their families, started yesterday 
morning in carriar;es or via the Galena Division of the Chicago and North- 
v/estern Railroads The proceedings v/ere somewhat informal in character, as 
no particular order of ceremonies had been pre-arranged; but the committee of 
arrangements, consisting of lir. Henry j, Lenzen, Ivlia j . John Kloy, and Capts^ 
Theodore Schultz and Peters, assisted by a number of others, took charge of 
the decoration, and all due honor v/as paid to the graves of Teuton's brave 
and fallen sons. 


I V 


Illinois Stae.ts-ZeitTin^ . November 27. 1876 WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 


Mr. A. Oeorg, the President, introduced Mr. 77. Vocke as the festival speaker, 
who said among other things: , 

• • 

In the hour of enthusiasm, caused "by the outbreak of the Civil 'Jar, originated 
our 24th Regiment of Illinois. Colonel Hecker, who, as even envy must concede 
him, always has been a brave soldier, resigned after three months as a 
volunteer under Sigel in St. Louis, and on the initiative of a few r»roninent 
Grermans like Schneider, Butz, Hesing, Rapp and Brentano he came to Chicago 
to organize a re-;:iment consisting exclusively of G-ermans. By the middle of 
June there were already eight conr)letely equipped companies under arms. 
These" later were joined by two other German companies, the Lincoln Rifle and 
the Union Cadet Company, which already had seen militarj' service in Cairo. 

The regiment was then complete^ and , sfter a short period in the instruction 
camp in Alton, it v/as sent to Missouri, In many hot encounters, in the largest 



IV  . 

Illinois Staats-Zeitimg , llovember 27, 1876 V^PA (ILL) PROi-30^'^- 

and bloodiest battles that were fought during our more than three years of 
service in the western war theatre, as well as in the outstanding campaigns, 
our regiment always took its honest share 99, the history of the Civil Wax 
and as the blood-soaked plains of Perryville, Stone River, Duck Gap^ Chickamauga, 
Missionary Ridge, Buzzard Roost, Resacca, Kenesaw Mountain, etc. will indicate 
(and as those in our midst who still nourn a dear kinsman can fully attest.) 

And the few, who are still assembled here, have come* 






minolg St«ate->Zaltmigt Jan. 6^ 1B7Z. 

The Chicago Trlbiane quotest without giving its souroa* a press notice 
according to which Ur. E. Jussen owed his office as Federal Tax Collector 
to his brother-in-law Carl Schurz. To this the Tribune addst ''Our laxowledge 
of the circumstances in which the appointment of Ur. Jussen took place enables 
us to declare the above imputation as explicitly false* Not only had 
Sen* Schurz no part in securing the office for Jussen* but Mr* Jussen himself 
had no part in itt as he was not a candidate* before the position was tendered 
to him* A similar exculpation of Ur* Schurz from various accusations we find 
in the Baltimore Weekly* •••• 

Both these go a little too far* Last August a copy of a letter by Ur* 
Schurs to the President was put at our dispositiont in which he recommends tte 
appointment of Jussen most urgently t not, of course* on the grounds of his 
kinskip, but for what he knew about Jussen* s political attitude and his ability* 

We put this document quietly into our editorial drawer where with many other ^ 
papers it was burned* A new copy probably could be secured « but what for? 

*i. n't- 

Ill D 

- 2 - 


W.P.A oir 

I llloois Staats-Zeitung , Jan. 6, 1872. 

It is correct in any case that Mr« Schurz did not take the initiative in 
regard to the appointment of his brother-in-law« A letter by Mr» Jussen 
(that was not burned) exists in which he very unequivocally admits that this 
initiative originated with the writer of these linest the editor of the 
Ill» Staats Zeitung » 

Mr* Jussen was on his way to Washington where he wanted to be a candidate 
for a consulate in Germany (Aachent Aix-les-5ains)f when he fell sick in 
New York» There he received a telegraphic inquiry, emanating from the 
editorial rooms of the lll* Staats Zeitung , aaking if he would permit his 
friends to nominate him for tax collector* The answer wast"Ifesf If the 
Tribune in respect to all this says that the office was tendered to Mr. 
Jussen it is correct* But if it wished to produce the impression tha-f 
Mr. Jussen was not a ceindidate till the President "tendered* him the office 
(and only lig. can do that; party friends cannot tender the office itself t 

but only the candidature)) it is wrong* Between that exchange of telegrams and 
the nomination of Jussen passed several weeks during which he wtis a candidate 
for the office* 

t • 


- 3 - 


; W.P.A o 


\ b I llinois Staats-Zeltung , Jan. 6, 1872. 

General Salompn then went to Washington in order to win the President for the 
ncmination of Jussen* At that time Schurz wrote the above mentioned letter* 
That by doing so Schurz intruded into Chicago politics or that he committed a 
political faux pas we would not assert* As the situation then was the mis- 
interpretation that Schurz was using his political influence for Jus sen becaus^e 
he was his brother- in-laWf was extremely improbable* Jussen's name had been 
proposed by Chicago friends of Mr. Schurztwhy should'nt be added his recom- 
mendation? ffe hardly doubt that if not Jussent but the present incumbent of 
the Tfiuc Collectors office had been proposed, Schurz, if asked to do so, would 
have written for him an equally warm letter of recommendation* 

No reproach can be cast on Mr* Schurz for his quite secondary part in the 
nomination of his brother-in-law* 

Perhaps the one comment could be made, that Schurz, according to the standard 
that he has defined himself, has become guilty of the same^lack of a finer point 
d'honneur" with which he reproaches the President* However, that would only be 
the case according to his standard, not ours * 

i III D 


i^ J Q Illinois Staats Zeit\iDg« Oct, 4, 1871. 


General Julius White has accepted the command of the First Regiment of the 
National Guard. He did so under two conditions. First, that the regiment 
should wear on any march the \iniform of the United States, so that the com- 
panies may wear their special uniforms only at unofficial occasions. Secondly, 
that the regiment should march on Sundays, only if it is necessary to preseirve 
public order, or at funerals. 

These two conditions are unimpeachable. The officers have learned from not 
a few bad experiences tna.t a militia, the main f\inction of which consists in 
exhibiting colorful, outlandish uniforms or in arranging picnics, cannot 
count on much sympathy from a large part of the public. To be sure of that, 
one only needs to remember the infamous role the Chicago Times played on the 
occasion of the 4th of July picnic. 

This is a wise instinct that has determined the officers of this almost purely 
German and Scandinavian regiment to choose an American as colonel. In that 
way it is made unmistakably clear that the regiment noes not want to be a 



- 2 - 


Illinois Staats Zeitung , October 4, 1871. 

foreign, but an American organization* 

General J. White began his military career under General Siegel* He has not 
the intention to make the regiment a political machine* Neither is he now 
a candidate for any off ice » nor does he plan ever to become one* 




III B 2 

III A i 

III H , ^ 

J Q Illinois Staats-Zelttmg, Jan. 12, 1871. GERMAN 

I G _ _ 



Meeting in Denmark Hall (Milwaukee Avenue) of Germans and Norwegians respect- 
ing a militia regiment to be created in Chicago. The State will pay only 
$12. 50 for each uniform. Two committees formed to collect money for more ^^ 
handsome uniforms. The Germans want an exact copy of a Russian unifoim 
ror tneir Company, and Consul Claussenius has already written to the Russian 
ministry of War for a complete sample. 

Herr Ostermann announces a •Ojenef icium»» for the "Prussian uniform«-the Turn- 
halle Yorwarts* 

-: W.PJI. Oil 

Ill D gsm^AH 

I a 

IV Illinois Staats-ZeitimR . Lay 26, 1864. 


Lieutenant Colonel Shimp is helping Captain V/. 3. Lawson of Bloomington 
organize a company. The latter has already enrolled forty-five men. 
Captain Pflaiun has enlisted seventy-nine men; Captain Lochbieler, seventy- 
seven; and Ur. Stromberg, and I^Ir. Cronside, sixty-eight each. Captain ides* 
company is under full muster and has already taken the oath of allegiance. 

I G. 

Illinois Staats-Zeit\ins > liay 26, 1864. 


Anyone who wishes to join the I^. Peter Shinp's conpany for the purpose of 
serving the coimtry for one hundred days is asked to report at headquarters, 
which are located over the saloon of Dick and i/emer, 120 Randolph Street. 

C. Hausmann, 


Acting Adjutant* S 


Ill D 
I G 

Illinois Staats-ZeitTine . liay 26, 1864. 


V0LUl?rje2H3, TAi-i: NOTICEI 5 

Adjutant Greneral i'\iller has authorized to organize a company of volunteers p 
for the one hundred days' service. I therefore request all those who would ^ 
like to join my company to report at the Provost IJarshal, 132 South Clark Street. ^ 

A. Bnming, ^5 

Recruiting Officer. -e 

Ill D GSS&'£H 

I G 

Illinois Staats-Zeitung , L^ay 26, 1864 • 


The undersigned has been authorized by Adjutant General Fuller to organize an 
independent company for the hundred days' service. All those who wish to 
comply with the request of Grovemor Yates are asked to report at the Recmiiting P 
Office, 15 North V/ells Street, in btromberg and Anderson^ s Bookstore. ^ 

S. Cronside. 

Ill D 
I & 


Illinois Staats-ZeitTing . l^ay 26, 1864. 



Volunteers 7/anted for the One Hundred Days* Service •^ 

The undersigned has been authorized by Adjutant General Fuller to organize o 

an independent company for the one hundred days' service. iU.1 those who Lo 

wish to comply with the request of Governor Yates are asked to report at ::3 
my office in the Court House Square. 



Ill D GEiaMN 

I G 

Illinois Staats-2elt\mg . May 26, 1864« 


The undersigned tizmers have been authorized to organis&e an independent com- 
pany for the one hundred days' service • Every patriot who has the welfare 
of our country at heart is requested to join and thus help complete the contin- ^ 
gent • :^ 

August Sies, Joseph Schulte >!r 
Recruiting Officers. r- 

Our offices are on Randolph Street across from the Court House , and in the 
new Tumhalle« 


r • 

Ill D GSiaiAN 

I G 

Illinois Staats>Zeitung « May 26, 1864. 


The imdersigned has been authorized by Adjutant General Fuller to or^nize 
an Independent company for the one hundred days* service* All who wish to 
cc»iiply with the request of Governor Yates are asked to report at the Re- ^ 
crultlng Office, 139 Randolph Street, across trcxa the Court House* ^ 

Lochbleler, p 

Recruiting Officer* o 


I G 

Illinois Staats-Zeltung , Apr. 30, 1864. 


Yesterday afternoon, the officers of the militia met at the old Klinger Saloon 
on La Salle Street, The meeting was attended by Messrs, Peter Shimp, Pflaum, 
Nelson, Ries, Hausmann, and Lochbieler, In the absence of Colonel Knobelsdorf f , 
Mr, Peter Shimp was elected chairman. 

It was decided to establish ten companies independent of all existing organiza- 
tions, to permit each company to elect its own officers once it had reached 
full strength, and to elect staff officers in the manner followed by volunteer 
regiments. It was also voted to pay the recruiting expenses incurred by the 
officers appointed to do the necessary recruiting, and that each company be ^ 
allowed three paid recruiting officers, D=! 

It was further decided that the Gommitte shall be authorized to grant anybody 
permission to organize a company, ^^anslator's note: This Committee is not 
further identif ied^j/ Finally it was decided to publish the proceedings of this 



III. D - 2 - CaSRMAN 

I G 
^ Illinois Staats-Zeitiing , Apr* 30, 1864* 

meeting in the Telegraph and in the Illinois Staats^Zeitung, 

The following men offered to serve as recruiting officers: Company A, J. Hausmann; 
Company B, Captain Pflaum; Company C, Captain Albert; Company D, Captain 
Lochbieler; Company E, Captain Cronfloe; Comapny F, Lieutenant Ries; Company G 
Captain Westerberg; Company H, J. W* Doehler; Company J, Lieutenant Kafka; Com- ^ 
 pany K, Captain Barcal. rj 

The meeting was then adjourned. Then Colonel Kaobelsdorff appeared, protested o 

against the procedure of the assembly, and attempted to hold another meeting* '^ 

However, those present left without paying the least attention to him* ^^Trans- § 

lator^s note: Colonel Knobelsdorff having been relieved of his command ••for ^ 
cause, •• he was persona non grata among the Germans of Chicago^y 




I ^^ 

V Illinois Staat3^Zeltting> Nov^ 13, 1863» 


(Editorial) 2 

Doctor Wagaer, who has devoted his medical knowledge and skill to the cause r; 
of the Union without Interruption since the outbreak of the war, has submitted -tj 
his resignation, which has been reluctantly accepted after the competent o 
military authorities had refused several times to accept it. Lo 


As most of our readers know, Doctor Vfegner was assigned to the old Hecker ^ 
Regiment as soon as it was organized • He accompanied this contingent on all 
its hazardous marches, and was side by side with his ^boys" in the thick of 
every battle • Of late, he served as physician to General Starkweather's 

Few doctors in the United States Array are as zealously and conscientously 




Illinois Staats-Zelttmg, Nov# 13, 1863* ^ 

concerned about the health and happiness of their patients and prospective >^ 

patients, as Doctor Vfegner was. And few army physicians, are respected and ^ 

. loved by soldiers and officers as greatly as was Doctor V/agner. No one will ^ 

blame him for resigning his military duties, since he has been absent from § 

home for nearly three years, and during this time has served faithfully under ^ 

great disadvantages and hardships. Moreover, the Starkweather Regiment has S 
hardly as many nen as a coingpany generally consists of, and has two able doctors*^ 


II B 2 d (1) 
y- I G Illinois Staats-Zeit\ing > June 5, 1865 • 




Some people may doubt that General Bumside's order, demanding that the S 

Chicago Times cease ^publication, is expedient, but no one can deny that it 2 

is justified, at least no one v/ho really XTants the Rebels suppressed, the 'p 

Union saved, and its liberty preserved. Had there been a General Burnside ^ 

eighteen months, or a year ago, and had he coiimanded at that time that the ^ 

publication of the Chicago Times be discontinued, there v/ould not have been o 

the least excitement about the matter; on the contrary, the measure v/ould co 

have had the approval of all citizens. In those days the people were not S 

yet divided on the war issue; the northern friends of the Rebels had not ^ 
yet the courage to place obstacles in the way of the Government, and 
patriotism was more ardent than it is nov/. Then the Administration 

Ill D - 2 - . GSHL!AN 

II B 2 d (1) 
' I G Illinois Staats-Zeitiinc ^ June 6, 1863. 

believed that it had nothing to fear from the treasonable press and 
permitted the Rebels to sov/ the seed of discord among loyal citizens* 
Today this seed has sprouted and brought forth fruit in the form of 
opposition to the Government, outrages against its officials and Unionists, 
and murder and incendiarism. The soldiers in our camps absorbed the poison s 
which the Chicago Times set before them, and desertion and mutiny follov/ed. 5 
General Burnside recently sent one of his officers to Illinois and Indiana ^ 
to trace secret pacts made for the purpose of setting deserters at liberty, ^ 
etc., and that officer named the Chicago Times as the principal agency for g 
arousing the spirit of insubordination, resistence, and desertion. There- o 
upon General Biirnside issued the order to suppress the Times. co 

Once the command was given, the Administration xvas honor bound to support 
it; that procedure ^vas especially necessary, because the Copperheads 
threatened to use violence and to retaliate. A government that v;ishes 
to guide the ship of state safely through the storm of \mv or rebellion 


Ill D - 3 - GBRIvL\N 

II B 2 d (1) 

I G Illinois Staats-Zeitung . June 6, 1863. 

must shov/ power and finoness if it wishes to merit the confidence of its 
citizens* A weak government, a government that acts according to the 
precept, ''discretion is the better part of valor," cannot lay claim to the 
confidence of the people and will never be able to maintain itself against 
an aimed enemy. 

The loss of the last election is a mere trifle v/hen compared with the defeat 
which the loyal citizens of Chicago and the Northv/est have suffered through 
the action of President Lincoln and his local advisers. He has exposed us 
to the mob rule of the Copperheads. Henceforth, not the Federal Government, 
but the Copperheads v/ill have pov/er and authority in Chicago, and if they 
choose to resist the enforcement of the Conscription Act, they knov/ that 
they need only threaten to use violence in order to set a dozen or more 
prominent cowards in motion to advise the President to be tolerant. 

The example v/hich has been set for treasonable publications is exceedingly 


Ill D - 4 - Gsmi^ 

II B 2 d (1) 

I G • Illinois Staats-Zeitxing , Jiine 6, 1863. 

danserous; for they knov/ that they only have to act resolutely when they 
wish to intimidate the Administration of President Lincoln, and that the 
one who has the most backbone v/ill be victorious. 

Not only the Illinois Staats-Zeitung ^ but also the Chicago Tribiine and the 
Evening Journal place a great part of the responsibility for this fiasco at 
the door of the President's arrogant counselors, and v/e hope that our 
Geiroan fellov/ citizens will remember this. 

The opinion of loyal Democrats on this matter is evidenced by the following 
quotation from the editorial columns of the Chicago Post ; £ 

'Txr. Lincoln has humbled himself, and, astonished at the bold front of his 
intended victims, he has relented, has revoked his order, and has told the 
publishers of the paper whom he had commanded to suspend publication because 
of the paper's disloyal attitude, that they may print their infamous sheet. 



Ill D - 5 - GSia^\N 

II B 2 d (1) 

I G Illinois Staats-Zeitung , June 6, 1853, 

No doubt, the publishers v/ill say that they v/ill print it whether Presi- 
dent Lincoln permits it or not, and defend their stand by denying that he 
has the right to curtail the constitutionally guaranteed freedon of the 
press, even in time of war." 

By annulling the order of General Burnside the Government has weakened - 3> 

its position and thus far has not rebuked the Copperheads for threatening ^ 

to use violence. Every true patriot regrets that. 'The shame inflicted ^ 

upon the country by the act of the Administration can be pairbly removed ^ 

by decisive victories on the battlefield. £ 






I G 

IV Illinois Staats-Zeitung . Mar. 16, 1863. 



Many prominent citizens of Missouri and Illinois recently addressed a petition 
to President Abraham Lincoln, requesting that he appoint Colonel ^riedric^ 
Hecker, Brigadier General, As soon as he received word of the petition, Hecker, 
who is confined to his bed in Philadelphia by sickness, wrote to Senator 
Trumbull, who had been asked to deliver the petition to the President. The 
following is an excerpt from the letter: 

••I most earnestly beg you not to hand the petition to the President. I do not 
want any promotion unless I have proved by my military activities that I have 
earned it, and I certainly will not accept an advancement that is acquired 
through political favoritism. I most heartily despise anyone who accepts any 
higher office that he does not merit ^. 



IV Illinois Staat8«Zeltmig > Mar. 16, 1863 • 

That is just like Hecker* His attitude Is all the more noble since the most 
competent Judges have testified that he possesses in a high degree erery 
requisite of cm able general, and that his is the best trained and disciplined 
regiment in the Potomac Amy and that, under Hieeker^s leadership, it fought 
well for the cause of the Kepublic* 

We take pleasure in announcing that according to the latest reports Colonel T- 
Hecker is well on the way to recovery from his illness, and it is very probable ^S 
that he will return to his Regiment in a few days. ^^ 



Ill D 

Illinois Staata-Zeltung. Dec. 12, 1862. 


Gttstav Strave Itosigas 

Qustav Stxiive )ias sent us an interesting pamphlet nhich gives his reason for 
leaving the Amyr Although fifty-six years old, he entered the 8th Regiment , 
New York Volunteers nineteen months ago^ took part in all its campaigns, and by 
^d by advanced to the rank of Captain* Now he has resigned from his position 
for the following reason which is supported by documentary evidence: 


When Colonel Wutschel left the Regiment after the battle of Cross Keys, Lieutenant 
Colonel Hedterich assumed command and distinguished himself by his able leadership 
under Connander in Chief Sigel, especially in the memorable battles of Bull Run 
and the Rappahannock* Then suddenly, on October 26 of this year, information 
was received that Gk>vemor Ubrgan of New York had definitely filled the vacant 
colonelcy, however not by appointing Lieutenant Colonel Hedterich as Colonel 
Wutschel *s successor, but by conferring the honor upon Prince Salm«-Salm, a man 


Ill D - 2 - GagRMAN 

I a 

Illinois StaatS'-Zeltung , Dec. 12, 1862. 

who is notorious for no good accoiaplishments , and wlio is a stranger to the 
Regiment • Immediately all officers of the Regiment sent a petition to Grovemor 
Morgan, asking that he reconsider the appointment, recall Prince ScLLm^-Salm and 
name Hedterich to the post, stating that the latter deserved the advancement on 
account of his long and meritorious service. This petition and recommendation ^ 
was strongly supported by Colonel Gilsa, Commander of the Brigade of which the ^ 
Regiment is a contingent, by General Sigel himself, and also by General Sterol, -- 
Divi8ion«-Commander« As soon as it became known that Colonel Wutschel had been P 
dismissed, Hedterich sent a mild and dignified protest to the Governor, calling ^ 
attention to the fact that he (Hedterich) had been unanimously appointed Colonel 
of the Regiment by its atatt of officers and had been recommended for the 
position by his Superior Officer, Gilsa. He also pointed out that according 
to paragraph ten of the new Amy Regulations, as well as according to Section 
nlnetMn of the Congressional Act concerning the enlistment of volunteers, the 
Oovemor cannot appoint anyone colonel tmless the party to be appointed has been 
proposed by the respective regiment, and seniority rights must be considered 





ni D - 3 - 

.1 ^ 

' ' Illinois Staats-Zeltung. Dee« 12, 1862, 

except in ease of incompetence of the person entitled to advancement* This 
* protest also was supported by Oilsa^ Stahel^ and Sigel* 

Letters of similar content were sent to the Governor by Mr« Andreas WiUmann^ 
lfr« Wesendonk, and Dr. Earl Kessmann, the latter acting in behalf of the New 
York German Volunteer Committee • 

Vhen a delegation of officers of the Regiment visited the Governor in regard to 
the matter 9 he declared that he regretted he had no previous knowledge of cir- 
cumstances pertaining to the Begiment*s wishes, but that he had no further con- 
trol over the appointment and would award the colonelcy to Hedterich in case 
Prince Salnh-Salm would resign* The Governor also said that Mr* Witthaus , a 
Gexman businessman of New Tork, had recommended the Prince* However, Mr* Witthaus 
denied this very emphaticcdly in a letter addressed to Lieutenant Oolonel Gilsa, 
and stated also that he would consider it a mean and low trick if Prince Salm-Salm 
accepted the position which was offered to him under the above described cir- 





III D - 4 - GSRLilAN 

I a 

Illinois Staats-Zeitung , Dec* 12, 1862. 

However, the Prince accepted the colonelcy, and in Washington his wife declared 
in the presence of reliable witnesses that she had acquired the position for 
her husb€aid, that she would see to it that he kept it, that she had powerful 
"connections^* in V/ashington — she naned several men, whose identity Struve does 
not reveal, unfortunately — and with such help she would be able to **counteract ^ 
the machinations of any possible intriguers against the Prince". 5 

Disgusted with this shameful business, Struve submitted the following letter of r; 

resignation: ^ 

"Gainsville, Virginia, o 

"November 6, 1862. \Z 

"To the Commander of the 8th Regiment, New York Volunteers: When I entered 
the Army nineteen months ago, I did not do so with the intention of making a 
career of soldiering. In Baden, Germany, I was President of the Military Com- 
mission, and Acting President of the Diet Committee, and thus I had the necessary 


Ill D - 5 - 


* ] Illinois Staats-Zeltung . Dec. 12» 1862. 

* ^ military education and training to organize a regiment or a brigade in this 

* country* 

"HoveTer, I never expected that favoritism would be practiced to such an extent 
that birth should receive preference to merits or monarchial antecedence to 
republican antecedence » when military promotions are in question* Never did I 
even dream that a Prince who was a lieutenant in the Prussian Army would be made 
colonel of a regiment though he never had the slightest connection with that 
regiment, while several of its members who served long and honorably in the Jansor 
of the United States were available; yet that has Just happened in this Republic ^ 
and at a time when that Republic is involved in a war for its very existence, 
against the advocates and defenders of slavery* 

**It was vy sincere desire to serve my term of two years, in ease a bullet of the 
enemy did not tezninate my earthly existence, but under the present conditions 
decency and honor demand that I retire from military service , knowing that such 
action is in accordance to Article 28 of our Army Regulations* 




I G 
\[] Illinois Staats-Zeitun^ , Dec. 12, 1862. 

,1 "Respectfully, 

"Gustav Struve, Captain, Company D.** 

Generals Heinzelnann and Burnside refused to accept this resignation; even a 

second and third attempt by Struve to obtain an honorable discharge were in ^ 

vain. It seems he even received a severe reprimand from the brigadier general, :g 

• was threatened with military arrest, and was ordered to substitute '^siclmess" or ^ 

'♦old €ige" as the reason for his resignation; but since Struve was strong and p 

healthy, although he was fifty-seven years old, he could not obey the order* l^ 

Finally November 23, he received the coveted honorable discharge through g 

General Sigel who, in the meantime, had acquired an independent position. J~ 


Struve concludes his pamphlet with these words: "Today (November 2b) Prince Z;^ 
Felix Salm-Salm is Commander of the 8th Regiment, New York Volunteers; and with 
his wife, who boasted that she had obtained the position for him and would main- 
tain him therein, he occupies the tent reserved for the Colonel of the Regiment, 
while Lieutenant-Colonel Hedterich has been indicted and placed under arrest by 
order of Prince Felix Salm-Selml I J 



I Illinois Staats--.eitunG , l.ov. 5, 1862. 



Cur c^od friond and Turner, G-eor^ Von llollen, arrived here yesterday from 

Peri^.^ille v/here he braved the dan^^ers of v;ar to adj. minister to tlie ^vants ^ 

of those soldiers who v;ere v;ounded in 'j^ntucl::' battles. Ilr. Von lOllen ip 
riOurns the loss of his brother, Bemhard von Tlollen. ?he latter, as ever\^bodvX 

here knavs, was severely v;ounded in the neinorablo battle of I'err^nriile, at p 

which tirie the u^per r>art of both his arris we^/e shattered, lie died October "^ 

28, at the ?err:rville .".osnital after h^.vinr;' suffered intense :.'ain v/hich he ^ 

bore in heroic nationce. Tlia loving care tendered by his brotlier Gootq ^' 

iTLade his last da3's riore endurable. :iov;ever, Croorr; v;as not at Bornhard's ,%■ 

bedside v/hen the latter passed away; hj had :;one to liouisville, ?Centuck:/ to cr 
secure clothes for the nen v;ho v/ere v;ounded and destitute of uracticallv 
everything, food, nedical supplies, medical attention, etc. 



III D - 2 - GBRilAN 

I G 

Illinois Staats-ZeltUDg t Nov, 5, 1862. 

Georges pli^t is an example of the condition and fate of all soldiers who 
were seriously wounded at Perrjrville* No provisions were made for their 
needs 9 not even for their most urgent needs, and only the faithful min- 
istration of their nurses makes their terrible lot somewhat more endur- 
able. Dr. y/agner, the regimental physician spent a few minutes with each 
of them, having returned to them despite the fact that the regiment had 
advanced, and that his return could only be made in the face of great 
danger. However, duty called him back to the regiment after a very brief 
stay at the Hospital. 

The wounded at Perrjnrille need help, immediate help, and as soon as the 
din of the political campaign has subsided, the local committee will take 
the steps necessary to alleviate the sufferings of these poor, unfortu- 
nate, and sadly neglected Union fighters. 

Bernard von HoUen attained an age of only twenty-four years. He was a 






III D - 3 - GBmiAN 

I G 

Illinois Staats^^ltimg . Nov. 5, 1862. 

member of the Chlccigo Turngemeinde and joined the Turner Company when Presi- 
dent Lincoln Issued his first call to arras in April, 1861. Later this Com- 
pany was assigned to the first Hecker Regiment. Bernhard had been In the 
service of his country continually since that time talcing part In every 
battle of the strenuous campaign of Hecker 's famous Regln^nt. As a reward 
for his military ability and his bravery, he was made an Orderly Sergeant, 
and after the battle of Perryvllle, In which he distinguished himself and 
was fatally wounded, he was advanced to the rank of Lieutenant. His fine 
character. Intelligence, and honesty won him many friends. To them, but 55 
especially to his grieving mother, sisters, and brothers, we hereby express ' 
our sympathy. 

c *■• 

Georg von Hollen brought with him a piece of a Rebel bomb which he found 
on the Perrsrville battleground, and the missile is now on exhibition In 
the office of the Illinois Staats-Zeitung . 

I G 

Illinois Jtaats-Zeitung , July 18, 1862 


Report by the TreasurerT' 

The undersigned, treasurer of the 3igel Agitationskomite herewith respectfully 
submits a report on the receipts and disbursements. In paragraph A is a 
detailed account of money received for drinks, for admission ribbons, etc. 
In paragraph B is a detailed list of expenditures, lilr. Rosenthal, who was in 
charge of admissions, also had a niimber of tickets made for his own convenience, 
and placed them on sale at various bars, realizing §39.50 in this way. His net 
receipts were increased by this amount. 



From this report it is evident to the German public of this city that the ^ 
Sigel festivities were anything but successful from the financial standpoint. ^ 
It was a great mistake to select the Fourth of July as the day to hold the 
Sigel celebration. As usual, quite a number of fires were reported in the 
afternoon of this independence Day, and that fact kept thousands from attend- 
ing the picnic. At the same time we had to compete with many other 

Ill D - 2 - GjJlRrv-IAN 

I G 

Illinois Jtaats-Jieitung; , July IS, 1862. 

Independence Day picnics. For instance, thousands of our fellow citizens of 
German descent were at picnics in or about Chicago — in Haase^s Park, y/aukegan. 
Oak Forest, etc. And it is for that reason chiefly that our celebration was 
a fiasco, not one tenth of the expected attendance appeared. Cur citizens still 
have the opportunity to save the reputation of Chicago's Germans by making ^ 
direct contributions to the Sigel Fund. ,^ 

Very respectfully, ^^ 

Heinrich Greenbaum. ^p 

Financial Report 

A. Receipts 

Received from Joseph Huhn, net income from sale of drinks ...$178.21 

Received from I.!Ir. Joseph Huhn, sale of glasses 16.45 

Received from Arbeiter Unterstuetzungsverein, sale of ribbons 5.00 


Ill D - 3 - G.ER!.:aN 


Illinois 3taats-Zeitung , July 18, 1862. 

Received from Mr. Rosenthal, sale of ribbons :ii)S28.92 

Total $428.58 

B. Disbursements 

Itoterials for construction of tables, benches, stands, etc4l87. 30 

To Freedman and Gtoodkind for ribbons 40.00 

Gab for speakers 6.00 

Salary of two watchmen 4.00 £ 

Counterfeit money 4.50 


Total :j?274.20 

Net proceeds $154.38 

Ileinrich Greenbaum. 


Chicago Union 15.00 j:^ 

Illinois Staats-Zeitung 16.00 

Telegraph 5.50 


I i I — — — — 

I G 

Illinois Staat3-Zeit\mg , May 25, 1862. 


"Camp Gauley Bridge, West Virginia, 

•♦May 14, 1852 • 

••To the Editors of the Illinois Staats-Zeitiing , 
••Chicago, Illinois. 

••BDffmann's Dragoons (Captain Scharabeck) kindly request that you publish the 
enclosed lines in your highly esteemed newspaper: 

••We iTegret to have received reliable infonnation that some of our Geraian citi- 
zens of Chicago are dissatisfied because we have been inactive at Gauley for 
such a long time. We, too, are greatly displeased because we have to spend so 
much time in idleness while many of our war comrades are bravely fighting at 
various points for the cause of liberty, justice, and humanity. All the efforts 
of our able captain to induce his superiors to order us to one of the battle- 
fields have been in vain. Even several brigadier generals, including 



Ill D - 2 - GERMAN 

I G 

Illinois Staats-Zeltung > May 25, 1862. 

R. L* McCook and A. Moore, have brought our desires to the attention of higher 
authorities, requesting that our Company be placed under their command, but to 
no avail. 

'•Last year, when more than 200,000 men were •resting* for many months, camped 

on the banks of the Potomac, our little group was under long and strenuous ser- -n 

vice, fighting or marching day and night, and we always performed our tasks to p 

the complete satisfaction of our leaders. Nor did the other contingents with ^ 

whom we fought side by side utter a single complaint; and they will, I am sure, o 

always be willing to vouch for our efficiency, and our readiness to serve ^ 

wherever and in whatever capacity we can. At present we have only seventeen ^ 

horses that we can depend upon for good service; and although we were promised cr^ 
long ago that we woxild receive better mounts, we have seen nothing of them to 

•Hfe cannot pack and go wherever we want to; otherwise we certainly would no 
longer be here. We believe that this attempt to humiliate us is unjust, since 



I G 

Illinois Staats-Zeitiing . May 25, 1862 • 

we a37e forced to be idle. If we should happen to be called upon to face the 
enemy, and we hope we shall be called very soon, you may rest assured that we 
who are now inactive in Camp Gauley will do our duty, and do it well^ Then 
no fair-minded citizen of Chicago will have reason to be ashamed to admit «g 
publicly that Schambeck's Dragoons are from Chicago. 52 

"Respectfully yours, o^ 
"Hoffmann *s Daragoons." p 

Nobody who knows the situation will count it against these brave Chicago o 
soldiers, since they are not to blame for their enforced stay at Camp Gauley. i^ 
At least, every reader of the Illinois Staats-Zeitung knov;s that Captain S 
Schambeck and his Dragoons have done their duty and have brought great honor cr 
to the Germanft of Chicago. The exemplary discipline which they have maintained 
while forced to remain at Camp Gauley is certainly a model for other companies, 
and is just as admirable as the bravery which they displayed on the battlefield. 
However, we hope that their present superior officer. General Fremont, will soon 
give them an opportunity to show once more their fortitude and ability in battle. 

Ill D - 4 - ' GSBMAN 

I G 

Illinois Staats-Zeitung , May 25, 1862. 

Then we will again ireport a lot of news about Schambeck^s Dragoons, as we did 

last siammer and fall during the West Virginia campaign. — The Editors of the 
Illinois Staats-Zeitung. 



Ill D aSR^!IAN 

I G 

Illinois Staats-Zeitung , May 5, 1862. 



The folloxving article appeared in the Chicago Tribune of May 3: 

".Another Brigadier General ^ 

•♦The appointment of the 999th brigadier—v/e confess that lately ire have been ^ 
unable to keep a count of the many promotions — has been proposed to the 
Senate. His name is — v/ell, it is mentioned in the dispatches, and we did 
not know it before. He may be deserving enough, but the trouble is that 
whenever a new appointment is made, somebody complains that some other man, 
who is just as worthy, has been overlooked. For instance, half of the 
colonels from Indiana have been decorated with »stars,* and now the 
Indiananolis Journal is dissatisfied because one of them was not promoted. 

Ill D - 2 - GSHMfiMT 

I G 

Illinois Staats-Zeltung , May 5, 1852* 

Since our national finances are in such poor condition, why don't we adopt the 
English practice of selling officers' commissions? Then there would at least 
be no favoritism or partisanship.** 

Among the news items published in the Chicago Tribune , the learned journalists 
which claim that they do not know the name of the 999th brigadier general, % 
we find a dispatch containing the following information: ^ 


"Gairo, May 2. We have learned that Colonel Osterhaus has been appointed ^ 
brigadier general by the President for meritorious services rendered in g 

Well, my German friends, there goes the statement that the jotimalists of 
the **Great Newspaper," the Chicago Tribune , which claims to be the leading 
organ of the fiepublican party in the great Northwest, did not know of Colonel 
Osterhaus, who has been commanding a division for some time; who earned his 
decoration of stars on the battlefields of Booneville, Dug Springs, Springfield, 


Ill D - 3 - GSRI.1AN 

I G 

Illinois Staats^Zeitung , May 5, 1862. 

and Pea Ridge; who, with Sigel, was among the first to organize companies in 
Missouri; who already commanded a battalion when Camp Jackson was taken; and 
whose promotion by the President caused the scribes of the Tribune to advise 
the selling of officers' commissions! 



Three days ago, Mr. Isaac ivrnold, the Conpxessional Representative from this 
district, sent me a cor)y of a petition addr^^ssed to the President and signed 
by all the Congressmen from Illinois and rissouri. This petition, which I 
published in the Illinois Staats- 'eitunp: last Friday, reads as follows: ♦'We £ 
respectfully petition you to promote Colon<5l J. P. Ostarhaus to the rank of ^ 
brigadier general. He displayed rreat bravery and eminent ability at Camp t? 
Jackson, Boonville, Dug 3-)rings, Springfield, and Pea Ridge, and has rendered 
effective service at all of thise places." On Friday, IJr. Arnold sent us a 
special dispatch informing us that he and his colleagues had been successful 
in their endeavors, and that President Lincoln had sent Colonel Osterhaus' 
appointment to the Senate for approval. 


Ill D - 4 - GSiaiAN 

I G 

Illinois Staats-Zeitung , Llay 5, 1862. 

However, not only the Congressmen from Illinois and Missouri, not only 
prominent citizens of St. Louis and Chicago, among whom were the judges of 
state courts, signed petitions asking that Peter Osterhaus be promoted because 
of services rendered on the battlefield, but also all of the officers of the 
brigade which Mr. Osterhaus commanded. From their camp near Keesville, ^ 
Missouri, they sent the President a letter in which they described the military ^ 
activity of Osterhaus as follows: <^ 

*»Since that memorable April 22, Colonel Osterhaus has continually participated -^ 
actively in the ;/ar. At Camp Jackson, he commanded Schaefer's Battalion of § 
the Second Regiment of Missouri Volunteers as major, i^t Boohville, he fired ^^ 
the first shot, and on every subsequent occasion he distinguished himself by g 
his calmness and bravery. At tVilson^s Greek, his battalion also opened the ^ 
fight under General Loon, and was constantly under fire, even serving as rear 
guard during the retreat to Springfield. His ability and meritorious conduct 
in that battle received special official recognition from Ifeijor Dubois of the 
First Missouri Artillery. Upon his return to St. Louis, he immediately began 

Ill D - 5 - GJg^vIAN 

I G 

Illinois Staats-Zeitung , L'ay 5, 1862. 

the organization of the Tivelfth ilegiment, Missouri Volunteers, which left for 
Sedalia on September 23, 1861, and he has been on the battlefield ever since. 
At Jefferson City, General Fremont aD^ointed him brigadier commander, and he 
held this position until the second advance on Springfield in February, 1862, 
when General Curtis made him commander of the First (Sigel) Division of the ^ 
Southwest Army. In both commands, he enjoyed the confidence and the respect •^'' 
of his subordinate officers. In the Battle of Pea Ridge, especially in the F 
engagement which was fought near Leetown, his coolness and bravery, and par- <^ 
ticularly his clever tactics, won the admiration of all vjho were privileged to 3 
be witnesses, and we believe that he is a great leader, worthy of universal £ 
confidence and respect. Surely, no one is more deserving of promotion, and g 
his advancement v/ould certainly be popular among the officers and men of this 
division." . 

General Curtis forwarded this petition to the President and himself warmly 
recommended that Osterhaus be appointed a brigadier general, after General 
Halleck had repeatedly urged Lincoln to make the promotion. Yet, in the face 

Ill D - 6 - G^H^^iAIT 

I G 

Illinois Staats-Zeitung, llay 5, 186 


of all this, the Chicago Tribune had the effrontery to say: "The appointment ^ 
of the 999th brigadier general has been proposed to the Senate. His name is — iT 

well, it is mentioned in the dispatches, and we did not know it before p 

Since our national finances are in such poor condition, vthj don't we adopt -^ 
the English practice of selling officers' commissions? Then there would at g 
least be no favoritism or partisanship." 


Vftio can blame these wise men of the Chicago Tribune , whose complete incompetencgj 
we have proved on several occasions, for not being familiar with the career of 
General Osterhaus? They did not even mention the reports of Csterhaus when 
he was Acting Division Commander or those reports which L^jor General Sigel 
issued on the Battle of Pea Ridge and which were published in all of the 
English- language newspapers of St. Louisl 

No Germans have been apr)ointed general by the Senate, with the exception of 
Sigel and v\[eber, and it was not necessary for these tivo men to purchase their 
officers' commission, as the English aristocrats do, nor do they owe their 

Ill D - 7 - agE^.-IAN 

I G 

Illinois Staats-Zeitung , May 5, 1862. 

promotion to favoritism or partisanship. 

Vi[e, too, have often thouf^ht that commissions should be sold to the highest ^ 

bidder. And not long ago the Tribune had excellent occasion to turn the ^ 

ridicule lAdiich it expressed regarding the promotion of Osterhaus in another F 

direction; this vjas when the telegraph brought the news that Colonel Julius w 

Vihite, ex-collector of customs, and one of the chief favorites of the 5o 

Tribune clique, had been apDointed brigadier-general, for in his case it was £ 
not merit, but favoritism and the political influence of the Tribune clique 
that was at the bottom of this very foolish promotion. 

Very likely, the Chicago Tribiine will offer the excuse that it did not have 
General Osterhaus in mind when it wrote this infamous article, ^^rtiich deeply 
insults all Germans, but that it was thinking of Captain Gibbons of the Fourth 
Artilery Regiment. However, this excuse is not valid, for the Tribune 
expressly writes: '*The 999th brigadier general has been proposed to the 
Senate,'* while the dispatches concerning Gibbons state that his appointment 



Ill D - 8 - GERMAN 

I G 

Illinois Staats-Zeitung , May 5, 1862 • 

had been approved by the Senate. 

The Germans have not forgotten that their fellow countrjnnen who served on the 
staff of Fremont were called "the foreign gang" by the Chicago Tribune , and, :i& 
therefore, they need not be in doubt concerning the attitude of the Hero of 3> 
Bull Run, who is often lauded in the columns of that publication. '^ 

And now the Chicago Tribune claims that it wields a mighty influence over 
the German voters'. I 




I G 

Illinois Staats-Zeitung . Mar, 12, 1862. 



IfBUoy frlezida cmd citizens of the North Side have requested that I organize a 
new militia company to acquaint the members with military exercises and tactics* 

Since the state government at Springfield has sent another shipment of aims, ^ 

and has promised me some of them, I appeal to all the citizens of the North Side ^ 

and others who are interested in organizing a company to report at the German p: 

House Wednesday evening, March 12, at 7:30 P« M« All German citizens are •sU 

especially invited* ^ 

Carl Varges. S 


II D 10 • 

I G Illinois Staats^Zeltiing , Jtily 14^ 1861* 

I J 


Mother contingent of oavalxy will leave Chicago for the battlef ield-«-a troop _ 

Just as brave as Schambeck*s boys* Although this contpany^ which consists ^ 

chiefly of experienced cavaliymen^ was accepted for service July 2, It must ^^ 

support Itself until It has been sworn for service* However, these men have p 

no means of obtaining a living, since they have ceased worldng* Therefore, "^ 

the German public, every patriotic citizen of Oeman extraction, is requested g 

to do his share toward the maintenance cf these brave men* A '"Inuslcal evening** ^ 

has been arranged tonight at North's Theatire for the benefit of Cavalry Com^- ^ 

pany Number Two, of which Captain Thielemann is the leader* We advise that D=i 
all Gezmans read the program which appears in the respective advertisement* 
It offers plenty of entertainment, and the fact that the purpose is a patriotic 
one should make it doubly enjoyable* 

Ill D 

I a 


Illinois otaats-Zeitung . July 1, 1851 

p- T->- • f-IT 

3CILi:.:B.iCK»3 COIIP^Ix 


The Gincinn.rfti Yolksfreund reports: -Vibouo si:: o*cloo> last evening Schaiabeck's 
CoinpanT'' arrived ^lere from Gliicago, via the Cincinnati and Chicago ^ir-Line 
Hailroad, leaving tlie train at the Cincinnati, Ilarailton and i^ayton llailroad 
depot. Since the saddles and ba.rr^a^e of this statel:'- cavalry contin£-ent had 
been iinmediately transferred and sent on, the travellers vjere forced to lead 
their horses ti^rouch the streets. Captain :3char.ibeclc kid toler-raphed to the 
local United States quartermaster, requesting tiu^.t official to liiake the neces- 
sary arrangements to care for the soldiers and their raounts. The Ciuarter- 
master ordered tliat the horses be talcen to Benja::iin Jennifar*s Livery Jtables, 
at the comer of 12th and ..^ilnut Jtrjets. 




There the horses -./ere fed ^jid bedded, but neither luoals nor sleeping quarters 
i/ere supplied for the :aen. Soae goodiiearted and patriotic citizens saw the 

^ III D - 2 - G^l^IAN 

Illinois Staat3«--.eitang , Jixly 1, 1861. 

men standing on street corners, liaard their bitter complaints about the ill 
treatment of the Government, and took soma of then to the Turnhalle, and 
others to nearby halls, v/here the tired troopers received loeals and then v;ere 
lodged in boarding houses. So local citizens had to care l*or United States 
soldiers, v/hile it is the duty of tl^ United States' '^Martenaaster to provide 
for them. This is just another example of the deplorable and harmful neg- 
ligence and disorder which prevails in all branches of our v/ar administration. 


Schambeck^s Company consists of 102 members, all Chicago G-ermans v/ho have 2 
seen service in the Old Countr:?-. They are strong, lanlcj.'" men, and have all ^ 
the necessar^r requisites to effective service in the cavalry of our army. 



I G 

Illinois Staats-Zeltung y May 7, 1861# 


(Editorial) ^ 

A number of Germans of this city held a meeting at the German House last Sun- 'p 
day* Mr* C* Butz was elected chairman and Mr. E* Seckel secretary. Although ^ 
the meeting was not very well attended, a laudable zeal was displayed by the -tj 
assembly, and great progress was made in matter pertaining to the support of o 
the families of the volunteers who have left home to defend the Union and up- oj 
hold our laws against anarchy and rebellion* Mr. D. Kletz, second lieutenant c^ 
of the Union Rifle Company (composed of Germans of Chicago), who happened to 
be here on furlough, reported on conditions in Camp Springfield* He said that 
food was ample, but that complaints were made in regard to two matters: a lack 
of shirts and shoes ?ras causing considerable dissatisfaction; furthermore, 
members of this company were troubled by the thought that their loved ones 
at home would not be cared for* From the interesting report \fdiich Mr* Eschenburg, 
a member of the Central Committee, rendered later it was noted that the cause for 
the first complaint, which was justified, had been removed, since a shipment of 


Ill D 
I G 


Illinois 3taats«-Zeitunc, Kay 7, 1861. 

shoes and vjoolen shirts consigned to the aforenentioned company had gone for- 
ivard last Friday. In rep/ird to the support ot the families of soldiers in 
camp, Mr. 3schenbur^, informed the assembly that it had been resolved to give 
each mother v/ho has tv;o children in the service ^jio.OO per r/eel: and that this 
sum is to be decreased or increased according to circumstances. He also pointed 
out that the Central Committee spends thousands of dollars for this and other 
purposes, and that it v;as necessar;^'' to devise some v;ay of furnishing the Com- 
mittee v;ith more funds. After a lon^; debate, it v;as decided to propose, tlirough 
the German member of the Coriimittee, that the Committee appoint three persons in 
each v;ard to solicit subscriptions for monthly contributions to be paid during 
the duration of the v/ar, and to be delivered to the Committee v/hen collected. 'Je 
hope that our German fellovj citizens, especially those v;ho have been blessed with 
much of this v/orld's 

goods , 

v;ill not fail to show tlieir patriotism by generous 
subscriptions. But also the ones v;ho are not rich can, and should, place their 
mite on the altar of the Fatherland and remember that the proverb, "many grains 
make a pile", is still true. 




Ill D G5HI.!/iN 

I G 

Illinois Staats-Zeitung , Llay 7, 1861. 



In the border states, even in Te:cas and the extreme Southern states, all the 
Germans are true /unericans; all are loyal to our Govermnent. 



In Baltimore, Ivlaryland, the <3einans, one and all, arc for the Union* The Germ^ins 
in this city v;ere the ones v;ho hauled dovm the flag of the Secession, and every- £ 
where in those parts of the city v:hich are inhabited chiefly by Germans, the flag 
of the Union is proudly and boldly displayed. 

In St. Louis, the German element holds the Secessionists in complete check and 
the authorities of that city did not hesitate to furnish these Teutons with a3?ms 
taken from the arsenal of the United States. Three thousand of these Genaans en- 
listed under The Star-Span^led Banner, ready to defend the Union, the Constitu- 
tion, liberty and justice against any eneny. Had it not been for these Germans, 
the State of lissouri v;ould have proclaimed secession lon^, ago. 


I G 

- 2 - 


Illinois 3taats-::eitunp; > Hiy 7, 1861 

Uanjr of the volunteers who hail fron our city are Gentian. A number of companies "all-German," and they were the first to be ready for combat. There are 
quite a few Germans in other companies also. 

The Gerr.ian hates the flar> of the rebels, and this hate knox'/s no bounds, he vjill 
never fight under the flag of secessonists; on the contraiy, he will take up 
arms against it, even v/hen confronted by superior forces. 

The hatred of the GerLian race toward everything that savors of slavery is dead- 
ly. No doubt it emanates from the fact that the Germans are primarily a working 
people, who are very practical in everything they undertake, and that they have 
implicit trust in the possibility that some day humanity may be entirely freed 
from despotism, whether it be political, i^lip.ious, or economic. 

Thank GJod that we have this element among us during these perilous times, when 
the black cohorts of slavery have arisen to fig^it against the advocates of those 
human rights, in defense of which all Christendom is ready to taice up arms at 
this very moment. 








Illinois Staats-^eituiifc% Hay 5, 1861. 



Various ruraors have boen spread concerning the situation of German companies. 
vie advise our fellow citizens to bo very careful about accepting, reports that 
Geman companies are badly tre.;ted or disbanded. These razors are seldom 
reliable, and it is much wiser to bolieve the stcitenents of honest members 
of the companies themselves, and form one*s opinion on the basis of v/hat they 
have to say. Captain Schambeck visited our office and cave us an oi'al re- 
port on conditions, and we have received information through the mail from 
good honest Captain Lipr)ert, who is at Camp Yates, and also from our friend 
Sduard Bomemann, ensign in the Turner Company. 

All the German companies from Chicago, ;vhich are in Gamp Cairo and Camp 
Springfield, have been acce-oted for service and assigned to regiments. 





Ill D - 2 - G-.Il.UIT 

I G 

Illinois Staats-l^eitung , Hay 5, 1861. 

These companies are: 

At Camp Cairo 5 

(Turner) Union Cadets, Captain Plov/alt -r:. 

Lincoln Hifles, Captain :.iihaloz p 

At Oan-p Yates § 

Union Rifles, number 1, Captain Lippert ^ 

Union llifles, Number 2, Captain Iten S 

.Vashin^jton Li^t Cavalr^r, Captain ochambeck cr 
l/ashington Light Infantry, Captain Llattem 

The troops are in good humor and are ;vell cared for; as a rule enrolL:ient into 
active service puts an end to any complaints, and everybody is satisfied. 
Captain Scharabeck, v/ho brought us this inforaation, says that these conditions 

Ill D - 3 - GBBRMAN 

I G 

Illinois StaatS'-Zeltung , Uay 5^ 1861. 

are a result of the ceaseless efforts of Lieutenant Grovemor HofAnann. It 
will be interesting to the relatives of the Chicagoans who are in camp to know 
that Captain Schambeck will be at Hottinger and Eastler*s, on Randolph Street » 
today from 9 to 12 A* U. and from 1 to 3 P« M«, and again toaorrow^ from 9 to 
12 A. M», to give anyone wishing for reliable news a true account of conditions 
in his camp« 

Genuine Turners 

The Union Cadets are brave boys; they do not believe in half-way methods. 
Not only did they ask for the honor of filling the most dangerous positions 
in Camp Cairo; not only did they drill so diligently and energetically that 
they are now able to compete with the crack Zouave Company; but they have 
also reorganized their Tumvereln in camp. Officers elected are: A* Erbe, 
First Speaker; 0. Bomemann, Secretary; horizontal bars were erected^ and 


^11 P - 4 - CSR.Ii^I 

I G 

Illinois 3taats-/:.9itimc^, I.Iay 5, 1861. 

so "Kinzie Hall" was transferred to Camp Cairo. That's the v/ay, boys J 
Good luck to vou! 





£• Youth 



Ill E 
III H Illinois Staats Zeitung> June 13th, 1915. 



Under this name a society under the Chairmanship of Rudolph Oellner, 
A«B«, was founded with the object of impressing on the young German- 
American the ideals of the old Fatherland, also to promote social life 
among young people  


Interesting lectures will be given» It would be desirable if many young 
people 8ho\2ld attend and so help to promote this ideal under talking. 

Priaiids and patrons are cordially invited^ 

Ill E (Jewish) G'^^iEMAN 

I B 3 a (Jevdsh) 

I L (Jewish) Abendpost , Feb. 15, 1911. 


Proposed By Samuel Alschuler To The Benevolent Assooiation 

Of Jevdsh I'Jen 

At a meeting of the Benevolent Society of Jewish Young i:en, attended by 
about 250 members, held at La Salle Hotel, the proposal to tax the Society* s 
two thousand bachelor members five dollars annually, v/as nade by Llr. Samuel 
Alschuler. Ke also said it wo^ld be V;ell for the Society to take the Christian 
Youth Society as an example. Another point to be considered is the necessity 
of various occupations, principally that of agriculture, which is very seldom 
pursued by the younr men of his race. The speaker contended that Jewish 
immigrants should try to engage in this type of livelihood. 

The president of the Society, I^Ir. Abel Davis, conducted the meeting. Other 
speakers of the evening v;ere Hugo Pam, Isaak Rothschild, S. Mayer, Henry Horner^ 
Herbert iTriedmann, Abe Stumer, and Secret ai*y Adolf C. Norden. 


m. i 



II B 1 C 




Illinois Staats - Zaitung Jan. 8, 1892. 

■' 1 





A splendid festival iias held yesterday by the Young Ifen*s Assooiation of 

the German Catholic St* John's Church in their school building* The assooiation 

celebrated its 15th birthday* 



' i III E 


II B 1 a 

III C Illinois Staats-Zeltung, Sept. 12, 1867. 


On ITednesday evening September 11, the Grenaan Young Men's Club gave its 
first entertainment at Library Hall, at the comer of Randolph and La Salle 
Streets . 

By 8 P. M. several hundred people, men and women, young men. and young ladies, 
assembled in the hall, in compliance with requests made from the pulpits of 
various Protestant churches and personal invitations extended by members ^ 
of the Club. 



The Gei^an Young Men*s Club was organized May 9, 1866, by five students of 
a local American business college. The thirty-five members of the Club 
were bom in this country, and work as clerks, bookkeepers, etc., for American 
firms. They are anxious to retain a knoivledge of the German language. 

Ill 3 - 2 - cr^PMAW 

II B 1 a 

III C Illinois Staats-Zeitung . Sept. 12, 1867. 

The Club meets every Saturday evening in the social room of the Sixth 
Methodist Church. The meetings are conducted in the German language, and 
the programs, which consist of debates, readings, declamations, discussions 
of political issues, etc., are also all German. 

The Protestant pastors recommend the Club to the youths of their congrega- 
tions in an effort to counteract the evil influences which lure many young 
men sTway from the Christian Church. 

The proceeds of this entertainment will be used to establish a library for 
the Genaan Young Men*s Club. 


1. Selection from ♦^Ireischuetz" *Veber 

Theodore Falk, Pianist 
(Played on a Knabe piano) 




m S - 3 - GSBMAN 
II B 1 a 

^^I C Illinola Staats-ZeituDg . Sept. 12, 1857 • 

2. Recitation, "Die Schlacht , " by Mr. Rieke 

3. Tableau, ",fashiiigton Crossing the Delaware" ^ 

4. "Die Harmonie". • 5 

Double Quartet -^^ 

5. Reading, "Muttersprache , " by Theodore Falk ^ 

6. Tableau, "Constantino Sees the Cross in the Sky, and below the Cross the ^ 
Words: »In This Sign Thou ^Vilt 3e Victorious*" o 

7. "Phantasy" • Lo 

Theodore Falk, Pianist S 

8. Reading by. J. L* Hinners ^ 

9. Tableau, "Liberty and Union" 

10, Overture from "The Caliph of Bagdad" • 

?alk and Coffin, Pianists 

11. Spilogue by J. W. Hoffmann 
12« "Gesellschaftslied" 

Double Q^uartet 



II B 1 a 

III C Illinois Staats->Zeitimg , Sept. 12, 186 7 • 

13* Tableau, "Hector Defeats the Greeks »» 

14. •♦Good Night" 

Men's Chorus 


The program was well received* The assembly applauded frequently, showing 
that it appreciated the efforts of the performers. The double quartet 
consisted of three members of the Young Men's Club, four maabers of the 
Germaniamaennerchur . and one member of the Concordia Maennerchor* • . • . ^ 



V. Special 
tions to 
Early Anerican Development 

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Ill P 


III G Abendpost , Oct* 6, 1933 • 




Professor Frank Spiecker, Northwestern University 

2^alf-tone, two column-quarter of a page, view of the 
house in Germantown in which the first protest against 
slavery was written by Pastorius in the year 16887 




Two hundred and fifty years have passed since the day on which Franz Daniel 
Pastorius (••Schaefer" in German) and his faithful followers set foot upon o 
American soil. On April 2, 1683, the thirty- two-year-old advocate set out "^ 
from Frankfurt. On June 6, at Gravesend, at the mouth of the Thames, he em- -^ 
barked on the "America," which, after a seventy-five-day voyage, brought him "^ 
and his company to the shores of their new home. On August 20 they reached 
the land of their hopes and of their heart's desire. 

William Penn, the son of an English admiral and the founder of Philadelphia, 

Ill F - 2 - GEBMAN 


IIIG Abendpost , Oct. 6, 1935. 

Ill A 

"The City of Brotherly Love," and after whom the State of Pennsylvania 
was n€Lmed, welcomed these German settlers whose beliefs were like his own, 
and allotted them a piece of virgin forest on the banks of the Schuykill River. 
Soon the wilderness receded before German toil and the German spirit of self- 
sacrifice, and, in the midst of the giant trees of the primeval forest German- ^ 
town sprang up, the "City of the Germans," which is today a part of Philadelphia,^ 
five miles north of the center of the city^ p 

The trail broken by Paste rius was followed by a swarm of immigrants. As early 3 

as October 6, a group of Rhenish Germans landed who wished to help in the found- ^- 

ing of this German settlement, and at the same time hoped to find success under p> 
his leadership. 

This hope of his countrymen Pastorius did not disappoint • Everything in his 
power he did for the prospering community. Hence it is only natural that, 
in 1691, his friends, out of gratitude, elec .ed him the first German mayor of 
the first German city in the New World. His attitude when he entered upon this 




III G Abendpost , Oct, 6, 1933. 

Ill A 

office can be seen f2x>iu the salutation with which he opened the 
Germantown book of records: 

••Greetings, posterity, posterity in the city of the Germans! Learn that 
your ancestors, your forefathers, left Germany, that pleasant land in which 
they were bom and raised, in voluntary exile— -alas I ^hey left/ their "^ 
hearths and homes — that, in the wild solitude of wooded Pennsylvania, they r* 
might be less troubled, and might live the rest of their lives the German ^ 
way; that is, like brothers. Learn, also, hov; difficxilt it was, after the o 
voyage across the Atlantic Ocean, to establish the German race in this part oo 
of North America. And do you, beloved descendants, emulate our example where § 
we have been a model of justice; but where we have wandered from the narrow ^ 
path — a thing we recognize and regret — forgive us. Ifeiy the dangers which 
others encountered make you prudent. Hail to thee, posterity I Hail, German 
kinsfolk! May good fortune ever attend you!'* 

From the same feeling, pious and genuinely German, sprang his flaming protest 




III G Abendpost , Oct* 6, 1933 • 


against slavery, which he first expressed in the Assembly at Burlington, 
and which led, in 1711, to the Pennsylvanian law forbidding the bringing in 
of slaves. 

Though many sections of the civilized world cane to know of him because of -x5 
his brave and \mdaunted championing of humanity, his life remained more or X. 
less unknown to his contemporaries. He devoted himself exclusively to the p 
welfare of his community, of which he was father, teacher, and judge. He 
lived his whole life for the prosperity of his Grermantown; the "City of the 
Geimans" in America absorbed all his attention and his effort until the end 
of his life, until February 27, 1719, when this real pioneer of the German 
people closed his eyes for the last time. 

Later generations soon forgot this pioneer of German immigration, so that 
today the resting place for his mortal remains is imknown. Not until the 
last decade have the German people in America again become aware of the debt 
they owe the founder of Gennantown. And so, on the two hundred-and-fiftieth 




Ill F - 5 - GERMAN 


III G Abendpost . Oct. 6, 1933 • 


anniversary, Geiroan-Americans are celebrating the memory of the man 
who opened the door to America for Geiman immigrants, who founded the first 
German community in the Western Hemisphere, who smoothed the way to a new 
home for thousands and thousands of Greiman immigrants. In gratitude they 
venerate this pioneer of the German people in America and gladly pay him the 
tribute which he deserves as their leader. For Pastorius' greeting is fitting 
for the German-Americans of today, also: "Hail to thee, posterity I Hail, 
German kinsfolk! Ifciy good fortune ever attend youl" In reply posterity, in 
this jubilee year, will dip the standards before his monioment in Philadelphia, rl 
and with pride and ioY v/ill remember this great ancestor as a true, genuine, 
and pious son of the German land. 

I»femorial days are also days for thinking, days of reflection and of reckoning. 

Two hundred and fifty years have passed since the founding of Germantown; two 
hundred and fifty years of German-American history are drawing to a close. 
Hence we are justified in asking, **Is the German-American people, posterity. 






Ill F - 6 - aERMAN 


III G Abendpost , Oct. 6, 1933, 


following in the footsteps of Pastorius? Has it played the role it 
should have played in building up the nev/ hone, the American nation? 

To ask these questions is to answer then in the negative. Probably there 
have been, in this period, Americans of Grerman stock who have filled impor- 
tant posts and who in critical times have given outstanding service to the 
American nation. With pride we shall always remember Steuben, Schurz, and V- 
others. But they form a very small percentage of the whole Gterman-American O 
people. There is no room here to go into particulars about the reasons for ^I^ 
this • 


And how about the most recent period? Perhaps there has been a better show- 
ing? Even today the German-American people does not receive the recognition 
which it should and could attain. 

If one investigates he will find that one of the main reasons for this is 
lack of imity. That quality which German-Americans lack is the very virtue 



Ill F - 7 - GSHMAI^ 


III G Abendpost , Oct. 6, 1933. 

Ill A 

which characterized Pastorius* lifework, brotherly lovel VJliat divides 
German-Americans is the political disunion in the old homeland which they 
have left. The Geiman-American has transferred to his new fatherland the 
partisan struggles of his homeland. 

So it was in the fifty years in which the recent German immigrants were at ^^ 

swords' points with those who came over in 1848. It was the struggle between J^ 

the "Grays** and the '^Greens'*. The ronaer called the newcomers prattlers and :^ 

half crazy, while the latter looked upon the earlier immigrants as betrayers ^^ 

of the German cause. The ideas and events of those times and of the homeland x 
completely occupied their minds, and out of the positions which they took on 

these particular problems developed their attitude toward America. : 

And what is the situation today? Is not a similar drama being played before 
our eyes? Before, it was the "Grays •• and "Greens"; today it is the Monarchists, 
Republicans, and National Socialists. 





III G Abendpost , Oct. 6, 1933. 

Ill A 

The MDnarchist cannot /toxget the past (Translator's note: A line of 
type has apparently dropped outj7 ^^^ would like to sing "Heil Dir im 
Siegerkranz'* (Hail to thee in the Garland of Victory) over and over again, 
vjhile the Republican treasures the Black-Red-Gold above all else, and the 
National Socialist would like to pay all honor to the Swastika, 

It is understandable that every emigrant carries in his heart a picture of 
the homeland as he left it. He does not wish to let this picture fade, and 
that is his good right, and his own affair* 

However, has mutual strife any meaning in the new homeland? The Geiman-Ameri- 
can is first and foremost an American, and for this reason his political 
orientation must also be American. If the pledge to The Stars and Stripes 
is anything more than an empty formula, if German faith means anything in a 
foreign land, the Geiman-American owes his adopted land unconditional loyalty. 
And only as a loyal and upright American is he in a position to serve his old 

— .1 

Ill F - 9 - GERMAN 


III H Abendpost , Oct* 6, 1933. 

Ill A 

Thus, so long as the German-American transfers to his adoptive father- 
land the party hatreds that arose within Germany, he shows that politically 
he still has a Greiman orientation, and that he is only outwardly an American. 
That is the cancer in the Geiman-Amerlcan community today. As long as the 
German immigrant fails to regard himself as an American, and as long as he 
fails to look upon his fellow countryman as an American, it will also be im- 
possible to bring unity and strength to the German-American community. 

For this reason the watchword of the German-American must be: ^Away with 
all politically partisan associations, which have no meaning for an American, 
which are of no value to the homeland, and which only weaken the position of 
the German-American in his adoptive fatherlandl" 

If all German-Americans, as citizens of the same new homeland, would extend 
their hands to one another and co-operate in the service of the new homeland, 
then a basis might be provided on which the German-American commtmity could 
engage in significant and influential activities. And so away with everything 


Ill J - 10 - GERilAN 


III H Abendjost, Oct. 6, 1933 • 


that separates us so that we know only Germanl 

After the obstacle which separates us is brushed aside, however, we should 
lay special enyhasis upon the things that must weld the German-American com- 
munity together. ^ 

In the first place, there is the love of the German homeland, of the German ^ 
soil and German sod, on which our forefathers lived* Even though political r; 
Germany may have changed in the course of the years, and may change even :^ 
more in the future, the German homeland will always be the same. The moun- q 
tains of the Black Forest will not change; the Bavarian Alps will always 
glow in the sunlight of the afternoon; on the banks of the Khine the golden 
vines will bloom, and the roar of the surf on the coast of the Baltic will 
always be the same. 

Then, too, there is the love of our native tongue, of the language of our 
fathers, our ancestors, which should always remind us of our origins, and, as 



Ill F - 11 - (2SRKAN 


III H Abendpost , Oct. 6, 1933. 

Ill A 

a symbol of unity, shoiild always fill our hearts with pride. Wher- 
ever we encounter our mother tongue we will always find a piece of home. 

Finally, there is the love of the heritage of the German spirit, of 
the world of ideas created by Gezman poets and thinkers. To be able to 
count heroes of the spirit, like Goethe and Schiller, among one*s forebears 
should serve to create an untaraakable bond with posterity. In the treasuring 
and gtiarding of this precious German culture some common ground should be £J 
foxind on which every prejudice of caste and class would be silenced. The ::j^ 
whole German-American community should be firmly \inited in the venerating of i2 
the ideals of our greatest Germans. In this treasuring of the Geiman spirit 
as the standard-bearer of true German culture, the German-American is also 
taking upon himself the most beautiful and honorable task possible in the 
interest of the new homeland as well as of the G^iman fatherland. 

In this way the German-American people would also become real descendants of 
a Pastorius; they would follow in his footsteps and would carry on the work 


1 III r - 12 - GERMAN 

III H Abendpost , Oct. 6, 1933 • 


which their great pioneer began in Gennantown* Perhaps then the day 
will come when a new Pastorius will appear among the German-American people, 
a real leader, who will give them unity, strength, and prestige. Perhaps 
he will be able to make Pastorius* greeting a reality: «Hail to thee, ^ 
posterityl Hail, German kinsfolkl May good fortune ever attend youl** ::^ 




I J Abendpost . Sept. 26, 1933. 



On October 6, it will be two hundred and fifty years since the first unified 
German immigration group set foot on American soil. They were not the first 
Germans to come to America, for individual Germans had cone before. Two of 
the latter, Peter Minuit (Llinnev;itt) and Jacob Leisler, had already made a 
name for themselves. Peter I^nuit came from Wesel, arrived in the year 1626 in 
New Amsterdam, now I^ew York, became director of the colony of llev^ Holland, and 
later founded Hew Sweaen with Fort Christiana. Jacob Leisler came from 
Frankfort-am-Iuain, acquired a great reputation in ilew Amsterdam, was at times 
its executive official, called the first conr:ress of Araerican colonies, but 
finally fell victim to envy and eni:iity, and was executed in 1691. 

During Leisler* s years in ITew Amsterdam, a young Gerraan attorney, Franz Daniel 
Pastorius, fell in with followers of pietism, (in his native city of 

Ill g - 2 - GSRLIAIT 


I J Abendpost , Sept. 26, 1933, 

Frankfort-an-Liaiii) who were promoting the settlement of emigrant Germans in 
V/illiam Penn's i^erican colony. Pastorius was enthusiastic about the idea, 
traveled to numerous German towns in the interest of the plan, and brought it 
about that a group of German I lennonites, mainly from Kref eld-am- Hheia, together "^ 
with their families, boarded the ship "Concord" for America, Vflien, on October 6, ^ 
they arrived in Philadelphia they met Pastorius, who had preceded them. He ^ 
considered himself their leader and held hi.iiself responsible for their fate U 
and for their further well-being. Although V/illiam Penn did not fully live 3 
up to the letter of tiie contracts signed, although the German group had to £ 
struggle hard for its existence in Gerriiantown, v/hich was named after them and ^ 
still retains its name today, the hardy and diligent Germans finally managed, *^'' 
under Pastorius, to assert theinselves, to earn respect and, in the course of 
time, to attain a modest prosperity. 

Tlie landing of the ICrefeld Mennonites on October 6, 1683 should therefore 
be regarded as the beginning of German irrmiigration into the United States. 
V/hat this imnigi^tion meant to the development of the v/hole country, from the 


Ill F 
I J 

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Abendpost , Sept. 26, 1933. 

Atlantic to the Pacific, and from the Great Lalzes to the Hio Grande, is 
known to every American of Gernian blood and to those of other blood who have 
studied the political and cultural history of the United States and have 
preserved an unbiased opinion, uninfluenced by propaganda. 

There has been, and still is, a tendency to minimize the part of the Germans 
in the growth and presort greatness of our country. This is, in part, the 
fault of the Germans ti .e^oselves , who were too modest to iiake much of their 
achievements and accomplishraents in the interest of the country, or were too 
honest and steadfast to play politics, a profession which is often dishonest. 
Since it is so, in this country, that only he may claim success who permits 
himself to be carried upward on the waves of the political parties, and 
since the Geman is iaiowii to be a bad diplomat and a still worse politician, 
he has been pushed to the wall wherever feasible, no matter what his value to 
the state may have been. His achievements, often extraordinary, were either 
look upon as commonplace or remained uniaentioned euad even suppressed, while 
the CJerman considered it beneath his dignity to announce them with blasts 







Ill g - 4 - GEHLlAIJ 


I J Abendpost , Sept* 25, 1933. 

from a trumpet. 

This failure by their own fellov; citizens, and even leading men of the govern- 
ment, to recognize Geiman services to the country will be given an especially 

bright illumination by the projected Pastorius celebration in Philadelphia. ^ 

The executive board, in making preparations for a celebration to last several 5 

days, heis, as is quite natural, invited the President of the United States, the ^^ 
Governor of the State of Pennsylvania, the United Stater senators of that state, '^ 

and a large number of other proLiinent persons, and, naturally, the German ^ 

Ambassador. The representative of the German Reich considers it his duty to o 

corae to the celebration. Ke is even expected to mention its significance in i^ 

a brief address. § 

In contrast to all this, it is deplorable that some of the higliest officials 
of our own government, who were invited, apparently do not consider the 
celebration important enough to honor it with their presence. The President 
of the United States turned down the invitation with the statement that he 

Ill g - 5 - GSRLIAN 


I J Abendpost , Sept. 26, 1933 • 

could not spare the time for ib. But it is knovm that Franklin Delano Roosevelt 
has found ample time to seek respite from his undoubtedly great task of com- 
bating unenplo3niient by taking weekend cruises lasting several days. >7ashington 
is only a few hours av;ay from the place of the festival. This trip could be 
considerably shortened by a plane, and the celebration is to last from Friday ^ 
to Saturday or Sunday. It is not just an ordinary celebration, not the centen- 5 
ary of a club, but a celebration with v/hich the political and cultui^al signifi- ^ 
cance of all Geirians of this country is interwoven. To stay away from it means ^ 
showing disrespect to these Germans who deserve respect, and who avill regard *o 
such absence with astonishment and surprise, perhaps even vriLth bitterness, 3 
because it comes f2X>m the iVhite House. 

The President is not the only one who declined. The Governor of Pennsylvania, 
Gifford Pinchot, will not be present. Kis absence will, however, not be par- 
ticiilarily painful to the Germans. Although his state is inhabited largely by 
people of German blood, he has never been a friend of the Germans. Another 
man who likewise declined is Senator James J. Davis of Pennsylvania. Vfliether 


jjl F - 6 - GBRIvIAH 


I J Abendpost , Sept. 26, 1933. 

his colleague, David n. Heed, will cone is not yet kaovm. With his familiar 
attitude against everything that is Gennan, his absence fron the Pastorius 
celebration izarj be taken as a sign of his usual tactfulness. 

The Gerraans of the United States should take a lesson from the refusals 5 

received and stop, once and for all, obscuring their ov;n light; they should -^ 

rather hold it up, on every possible occ^^sion, to the personalities who r- 

matter, so that, in the future, there will be no siiuilar setback by the ^ 
spokesmen and representatives of the AT^erican people. 











Sonntagpost (Sunday Edition of Abendpost )> Aug. 13, 1933* 

Franz Daniel Fastorius and the First German Immigration 

Professor J* Eiselmeier (Milmoikee) 

The first quarter millenium of our history in America has oome to an end« ^ 

It seems to be our duty, then, to devote our attention a little more closely ^ 

to the early settlers, with special emphasis on the first founder and his p 

experiences* He belongs to that small group of men, not widely known, who ^ 

did great work in the colonies to promote the welfare of the early pioneers* g 

Among the first settlers of our country were capable leaders who could 
easily hold their own with the intelligentsia of England at that time. 
Among them were men like William Brewster, son of a country squire and 
graduate of the University of Cambridge; William Bradford, governor of the 
Plymouth Colony for twenty years and author of a forceful and well-written 
history of the Colony. In the Massachusetts Bay Colony there was Francis 
Higginson of St. John*s College, of whom the historian John Fiske says that 

m F 

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Sonntagpoet (Sunday Edition of Abendpost ) , Aug* IS^ 1933« 

he was one of the noblest personalities of Amerioan history* In addition 
to these meni we oan cite the names of a number of others who have done honor 
to their new country* They receive honorable mention in every American 
history book* But lAien we come to the settlement founded by the Quaker, 
William Penn, we do not hear a word about Pastor ius, the leader of the very 
first group to settle in Philadelphia* In his two-volume history of 
Pennsylvania 9 Piske says: "Their leader ( Pastor ius) was an enthusiastic 
scientist lAio studied natusral science, philosophy, jurisprudence, or any- 
thing else that came to his attention; he spoke ei£^t or ten languages*'* 

Another reason lAiy we Germans are treated so unkindly is that the sources 
from which the historians obtain their information are not easily accessible* 
The one and only biography of Pastorius was published twenty-five years ago, 
and since the publisher anticipated a limited interest in the work, only 
one thousand copies were printed* Today, of course, no more copies can be 





Pastorius, like FoUen, was a linquist and a theologian; ^ike Lieber he 

Ill F - 3 - GERMAN 

Sonntagpost (Sunday Edition of Abendpost ) , Aug. 13, 1933« 

was a philosopher; like Heinzen, he was an author and an advocate of free- 
dom for all, including the Negro slaves; like Carl Schurz and Gustav Koemer, 
he was an attoxn^— -and he was all this a century before these men* 

Pastor ius* Youth in Gerioany ^ 

The family from which he stems once had the name Schaefer. This name was "Z 
given a Latin version by some leeumed forebear and now we have the name 
Pastor or Pastorius* ^^ranslator*s note: Latin: pastor; English: shepherd; 
German: Schafhirt, Schaefer^J^ Franz Daniel was born September 28, 1651 in 
Sommershausen in Franconia, (Germany), where his father was an attorney* |o 
We have to mention his godfathers as an illustration of the high rejAite in 
which the family was held* They were Franziskus Baron von Limpurg, and 
Daniel Gering, doctor of law and Jurisprudence in Segnitz* When Franz came 
of school age, his father moved to Windsheim, a larger city, at that time a 
Reichsstadt* translator's note: a Reichsstadt (until 1806) in Germany was 
a city (Stadt) under direct sovereignty of the Emperor, in contradistinction 

— ! 





Sonntagpost (Simday Edition of Abendpost ) > Aug. 13, 1933« 

to the Landstaedta, which were under the jurisdiction of a liege lord^ 

Windaheim is located in central Franconia on the river Aisch; today it haa 

a population of only thirty-six hundred • There, for ten years, the young 

Pastorius attended the Lateinschule which was then under the direction of 

the pedagogue Tobias Schumburg, fbo was a Hungarian and who did not even 

know Geznian« The language used during instruction was Latin, which Pastorius 

naturally learned to master* After his preparatory studies were finished, 

he went to the university at Altdorf to study Jurisprudence* jd 



In accordance with the custom of the times he went to Strassburg in the second 
year* Here, in addition to his Juristical studies he attended lectures on <:> 
political science, philosophy, and ethics* The professor of ethics, Dr* Horb, ^ 
exerted a permanent influence on the young scholar* In Strassburg he also 
learned the French language* The third year he spent at the University of 
Basle, where he became so proficient in the Italian language that in the 
following year, while continuing his studies in Jena, he conducted a debate 
in that language on the subject of law (**Delle Leggi**)* 


in F - 5 - GERMAN 

Sonntagpost (Sunday Edition of Abendpost ), Aug. 13, 1933» 

He then interrupted his academic studies for a year and went to Regensburg 
fdiere a Reichstag happened to be in session for eight months • This oppor* 
tunity was always welcoiaed by young law students idio wanted to become 
familiar with court proceedings or to mak€i observations regarding diplomacy 
and politics — all of which would later serve them in good stead in their -^ 
practice* The last year of Pastorius^ studies was again spent in Altdorf ^ ^ 
and in 1667 he left this university with the title of doctor of jurisprudence, :f 
Afterwards he established himself in his home town as an attorney* -^ 

Dissatisfied with his Profession 

One would think that a man so well prepared would find life pretty much 
worthirtiile; but such was not the case* He wrote (in the meantime, he had 
also learned English): *^ere in Windsheim I have practiced law for about 
two years and a half , keeping my own house, marching from one nobleman* s 
house in the province to another, and, in short, making nothing but work 
for repentance*** 




Sonntagpost (Sunday Edition of Abendpost ) , Aug, 13 » 1933* 

Tbat he was not bappy in his profession is shoim even more clearly in a 
letter to his brother* His brother had asked his advice regarding the study 
of law« He wrote (seventeenth-century German): **?• D« Fastorius does not 
advise his brother August Adaia to undertake the study of jurisprudence, 
since he has found that such study is indeed nothing but a game to cheat others,^ 
or, as the Scriptures say, *An art to cause strife between brothers, which :p 
is an abomination before the Lord* • Familiar with all the tricks and turn- ^ 
ing like a weather vane««««** Whether the brother ever studied jurisprudence ^ 
we do not know* -^ ^ 

Through Dr. Horb, his ethics teacher in Stress burg, he became acquainted with 
the letter's brother-in-law, J« Fh. Spener, the father of the Pietist loove- 
ment« He attended the special meetings of these people, the '^Collegia 
Pietatis,** and within a short time he became strongly attracted to the 
Pietist doctrines « As a result, he became disliked in V/indsheim*s church 
circles, and he moved to Frankfort-on-the-Main, where Spener was a clergyman 
at that ime» Here he continued to practice his profession for a idiile, as 
is evidenced from an entry in his diary: ^On Septembers, 1679, also on 

Ill F - 7 - GERMAN 

Sonntagpost (Sunday Edition of Abendpost ), Aug, 13, 1933# 

March 12 and April 28, 1680, J^'lJ ivas at the Court of the Elector at 
Mannsheim in behalf of the Jew Samuel, and received good pay*** Soon after- 
wards, he gave up his profession for good* 

A Trip Abroad 

Johann Bonaventura von Bodeck, the son of a nobleman, planned to complete 
his studies by taking a long trip abroad, and through Spener^s influence 
Pastorius was selected as his travelling companion* The journey lasted a 
year and took both of them through Switzerland, Finance, Northern Germany, 
the Netherlands, and England* This trip broadened the mental horizon of 
the young attorney to a great extent* What interested him particularly were 
the orphanages and poorhouses, the clerical and university life, and, above 
all, the laws of the various countries and their enforcement* He found 
many things he disliked: "We saw frivolous life — waste of time and money 
on the vanities of life, and little serious thinking; however, I found a 
few devoted men at the universities of Cambridge and Gftient, who were living 
in secret spiritual seclusion from the world and wholly resigned to God, 



Ill F - 8 - GERMMI 

Soantagpost (Sxinday Edition of Abendpost ) , Aug* 13, 1933* 

and vhOy In answer to my earnest inquiries, gave me many good instructions 
and strengthened me greatly in ay purpose.** 

Agent for an Emigration Company 

In 1682 he returned to Frankfort, a man of thirty-one, with wide experience ^ 
and a strong religious inclination. In the meantime, William Penn had been ^ 
in Greimany propagandizing for his colony. A company had been established 3 
for the purpose of assisting German emigrants. This company was looking for CT 
an agent. Pastorius was selected. He accepted the position tentatively, 
asking for time to think the matter oyer. **I reasoned thus with myself — 
whether it were not better to teach the learning lAich I had by grace from 
the Highest Giver of light to the newly-founded American peoples of Penn- 
sylvania, thus to enable them to partake of the true knowledge of the Holy 
Trinity and of Christianity*. 

Arrival in America 250 Years Ago 
On June 10, 1£83, he embarked as the agent of the Frankfurt Company, and on 



'- ■> 
~ i 

Ill F - 9 - GERMAN 

Sonntagpost (Sunday Edition of Abendpost ), Aug* 13^ 1933* 

Au0i8t 30 he arriyed in Philadelphia • How exacting he was in his private 
affairs is reflected from the entries in his diary* Among other things ^ he 
took along eighty-one pounds of English money, nine dozen plain buttons, 
three pair of shirt buttons , a tobacco case, two snuff -tobacco cases , a 
container for his pipe, three penknives and two toothbrushes* The trip ^ 
itself he describes as a tedious one (eighty-one days), the food as of poor ^ 
quality, and he notes especially the lack of comfort* During the weeks ^, 
prior to the azrival of the thirteen families, he was kept quite busy P 
arranging for their temporary lodgings* Finally, on October 6, those forty- ^ 
five Germans arrived on the sailing vessel Concord, a name which should be ^ 
as familiar to us as that of the Mayflower* 

The difficult cultivation of the soil around Philadelphia had begun* The 
first settlement was called Germantown* This community remained for the 
next hundred years the center for Germans liio settled in Pennsylvania* 
During the course of two hundred and fifty years, so many of our German 
people have come over that today, according to the calculations of Dr* A* B* 
Faust, twenty-seven million American people have Gexman blood in their veins, 


Ill F 

- 10 - 


Sonntagpost (Sunday Edition of Abendpost ) , Aug. 13 , 1933* 

His Activity in Germantomi 

It was Pastorius* Job to take care of the interests of the Company and the 
German settlers* For thirty-one years he worked on behalf of his German 
compatriots • During that time, he was mayor of German town , bailiff, attorney 
for the colony, tax official, city and court clerk, member of the Assembly 
of PennsylTania for Germantown, Justice of the peace, and teacher, first 
at the Quaker School, later at the school established by the Germans, and 
finally at the German evening school for adults vbo had to work during the 
daytime. He was always busy in the interests of the colony — everything for 
others, nothing for himself* 

His Protest Against Slavery 

In the meantime he had also done quite a bit of writing* He was the author 
of seven school text books, which were among the first to be published in 
the Pennsylvania Colony* He also wrote six ot&er books; and he is the 
author of eight manuscripts as well as of a detailed history of the Colony. 


Ill F - 11 - GgRMAN 

Sonntagpost (Sunday Edition of Abendpost ) , Aug* 13 , 1933 • 

His moat important pieoa of isriting ip undoubtedly his protest against 
slavery* The handwriting, style, and language reveal that Pastorius was the 
author* The fate of these manuscript pages was strange indeed* The protest 
was addressed to the monthly meeting of the Quakers* From the protocol we 
learn that it was not accepted there* The protocol reads as follows: 
**After considering the above-mentioned topic at our monthly meeting, we 
find the same of such import that we do not think it advisable to discuss 
it*** This protocol also says: **The above mentioned was read at our quarterly 
meetixig and then referred to the annual meeting* ** And' in the protocol of 
this /ttie annual^ meeting, we read: **1688* A communication regarding the 
legality and illegality of the buying and keeping of Negroes has been sub- 
mitted by some German friends* It is deemed improper that this meeting 
render a definite opinion, since the subject in question hears a close 
relation to many other matters* For the time being, therefore, we cannot 
consider it*** For the time being! In 1715 the Quakers, too, were opposed 
to slavery* 

Some Verdicts of Justice of the Peace Pastorius 

Some of the verdicts recorded at the time when Pastorius was justice of the 

f •■> 

Ill F 

- 12 - 


Sonntagpost (Sxinday Edition of Abendpost ) , Aug* 13, 1933« 

peace are of interest today. Peter Keurlis, the innkeeper, had been selling 
beer without a license and was punished by Pastorius* ... inan named Mueller 
had made a wager that he could smoke one hundred pipes of tobacco in one day. 
He, too, was jninished, since gambling was not allowed* Another Germantowner 
irtio had called a policeman a ^rogue^ was also punished* But during the six 
years irtien Pastorius was Justice of the peace, not a single case of drunkeness 
was brought before him. The Gexmantowners had an ordinance to the effect 
that a saloonkeeper could not sell an individual more than a half pint of 
rum and one quart of beer within a half day. A pint of xum and two quarts 
of beer a day was a generous amount. The old-time Germantowners could stand 
quite a lot. 

His Marriage 

Pastorius married in 1688. His wife was born Ennecke (Aennchen) Klostermann. 
Since he was so exacting in his i)ersonal matters, we learn what his Eimecke^s 
dowry was. He speaks of the cash sum of ten pounds and of fifty-nine acres 
of land; and he also records how many handkerchiefs, stockings, and skirts 




Ill F - 13 - GERMAN 

Sonntagpost (Sunday Edition of Abendpost ) , Aug. 13, 1933* 

she brought along* 

This marriage was blessed with two children* Descendants of the gallant 
couple are still living today in Pennsylvania and in Denver, Colorado* 

Pastorius was a great man — a man of sterling character* He was extremely 
well educated for his time, and he was far ahead of any American then living 
in his knowledge of languages* Certainly, no American had a more profound 
knowledge of foreign customs and habits* He was pious in the best and truest :;2 
sense of the word, and he was unselfish as few people are* He is worthy of 
being remembered two hundred and fifty years after his arrival in this 

When he died in 1719, he did not leave much behind* From his list of his 
earthly possessions, we learn that he had 304 volumes of books in his library, 
thirteen pounds and seven shillings in cash, and some real estate* 





Ill F 

- 14 - 


Sonntagpost (Sunday Edition of Abendpost ) , Aug. 13, 1933. 

An Anglo-American Testimony 

The finest praise given him and the first German pioneers in Pennsylvania 
nas spoken by an Anglo-American , Dr« Rush: ^e (Pastorius) was the founder 
of the first permanent settlement established by Americans of German origin. 
There was a time vtien this element was highly valued* Legislators of 
Pennsylvania have learned from the history of your German fellow citizens 
that their customs and their arts and crafts constitute an inexhaustible 
treasure within your state! Do not oppose the preservation of their native 
language* It will become the medium by irtiich the inventions, discoveries, 
and Imowledge of the most efficient nation in Europe may come to your 
country* Invite them to take part in your government and administrationl 
This participation will become a bond between them and you jAlo stem from 
different nationalities. Above all else, cultivate those sects among the 
Germans vAio consider war a crime and an injusticel Liberate them from the 
pressure of those absurd and unnecessary military lawst Protect them as the 




III y - 15 - GERMAN 

Sonntagpost (Sunday Edition of Abendpost ) , Aug. 13, 1933. 

guardians of that gospel truth itich has endured throughout the ages I 
That truth must be spread all over the world. Perhaps these sects, the 
Mennonites, the Moravian Brethren, and the Bunkers will be preserved through 
Divine Grace, since they refuse to bear arms to shed human blood. Let 
them be the nucleus around which some day all peoples will gather to live 
in eternal peace and permanent friendship." Tiuly, this is high praise for 
the first Germans in Pennsylvania. 

II B 1 c (3) 

II B 2 d il) 

III B 5 a- 
III B 2 
IT B 3 

I B 2 



I F 
I F 

Abendpost . ISay 28, 1933, 


(The German Press) 


In 1845, Robert B. Hoeffgen, a printer, published the first 
German language newspaper. The Chicago People's Friend , with 
Franz A. Hoffmann as editor. In 1847, Hoeffgen sold the paper to a Swiss 
by the naune of V/alburger, for the surprising price of $700. 

After that, Hoeffgen proceeded to establish the Illinois Staats-Zeitung, 
mdiieh appeared for the first time in 1851 as a daily newspaper, gradually 
gaining importance in the life of the Germans. Its first editor was a 
German physician, Dr. EeutI Holmuth. Gottfried Kinkel was active on this 
paper, as well as Lorenz Breutano , _the "Dictator of Badensia." A fight 
between Breutano and Easing developed, "^e latter, at that time being 
the sheriff of Chicago, secured for the group the recognition of the German 
Republican party. Finally Hesing won and appointed the well-ioiown journalist 

- 2 - 


Abendpo3t> May 28, 1933. 

Hermann Raster as managing editor and ?/illiam Rapp as assistant editor* 
Up to the death of Raster, the Staats-Z ftj timy played a leading role 
not only in Chicago, but also in Illinois* ./ith Raister gone, political 
mistakes undermined its foundation, let alone the Frie Rfesse which came 
out twice a week in addition to its Sunday issue, Daheim * 

To cope with the labor movement , the Vorbote was f o\inded and then the , 
Arbeit er Zeitung ^ with a Sunday edition. Die Fackel * Those papers, how- 
ever, suffered a ^great deal from dissension among their founders. 

In 1888, Fritz Gloganer and V/ilhelm Eaufmann foxmded the Abendpost and 
Sonntagspost > which after Glogemer's death passed over to the Abendpost 
Company, headed by Paul F. Mueller. 

The First German liunicipal Officers 

The Indians driven off and the Illinois-Michigan canal started, the city 

- 3 - 


Abendpost . Ilay 28, 1933 • 

began to grow and soon it had a city coxincil, the first German among the 
city fathers was a blacksmith and wagon builder, Clemens C. Strose. To 
all appearances, he administeved his office tc the satisfaction of all 
his fellow-citizens. Nothing is on record t o indicate the contrary* 

Then a pause mtist have followed, unless the chronicles and documents were 
either destroyed or defective, because only in the year 1843 there appear 
Gernian names in the city administration again* 

Hie farmer Joseph liarbach and the shoe-qiaker Karl Ganter were sitting in 
the city council. Karl Wesenkraft was chief of police and the hat maker 
Anton Gehler, country treasurer. Karl Bauer, a Suabian by birth, later 
moved to New Strassburg, in today's township of Bloom, so named after 
Hobert Blum, who was executed by order of Prince r^indischgratz. 

The Period of the Forty-Eighters 

. 4 - GSBHMI 

Abendpost . May 28> 1933 • 

In the following years a great influx from Gennany took place. Many of 
them settled in New Yorl: and on the Atlantic coast, but a large number, 
after great privations, found their \my to Chicago, because at that time 
traveling was not as comfortable as it is today* 

The period could be described as the birth of the German group in Chicago, 
because it was at this time that the imnigrants, after getting settled, went 
forcefully upon the task of developing their racial unity. In this period 
took place the founding of the renowned Turner societies, the singing 
societies, and the many nationalistic societies that later played such a 
prominent part in the city development • Naturally, friction occurred and 
a strong opposition was rampant amont^ the immigrants against Mayor Levi 
B. Boone, v/ho sold himself to the hypocrites. Through this action, they 
succeeded in saving S\mday for themselves, a day in which the Mayor desired 
the people to observe in a puritan inanner. In the meantime, the Staats-Zeitung 
grew stronger and a number of Gtermans became influential in the Republican 

- 5 - 


Abendpost > IJiay 28, 1933. 

party, which at that time v;as making groat pro^qress. It was then that 
the Chicago Turner Society became a political factor and the German 
immigrants interested themselves in politics and turned the scale for the 
first time (1857) during the election of a Mayor* The candidate v^s not 
a German, but a thorough American, the giant John 'Ventworth, who pleased 
the Germans so well because he was not a hypocrite, but showed a frank 
disposition and was also very honest. 

Then a lull appears in the chronicles. The Civil .Tar threw its shadows 
ahead. Two years before the ourbreak of the Civil V/ar, all the Germans 
united in a festival that stands out in the Annals of Chicago; namely, 
the celebration of the birthday of the fanious poet Fredrich von Schiller. 

The Civil V/ar 

Vfltien nothing but arms could settle the differences between the North and 

- 6 - . aBRtJAN 

Abendpost , May 28, 1933 • 

the South, the Germans were the first to join the colors. The Chicago 
Turner cadets and the Turner sharpshooters can claim the glory of having 
been the first in the field. I-Iany of them did not even take time in 
getting ready for their marching off; they became soldiers as they were. 
The 24th and 82nd regiments consisted predominantly of Germans • 

': III F 


i HI B 2 

T&^ Abendpost . Sept. 25, 1927. 

I C 

f J GSKSiiJ iiTfiiiaNca: upoi; the A::saiGAi; constitution 

Through Science Service, Inc., vjhose director is the well-known research worker 
and author, Vx. Edwin E. Slosson, an essay by Franlc L. Babbott was recently 
circulated which deals with eugenics research and with national welfare. Yx. 
Babbott is the oresident of the Eugenics Research Association, which was 
founded in 1913 and consists of 350 members. The discussions about eugenics 
research and national welfare agree with the "Nordic theory**, which asserts 
that the modeling and development of the United States is the work of the English, o 
Scotch, and Irish, exclusively. The Science Service report about the Babbott io 
discussions reads as follows: ^ 

••The convention of statesmen who drew up the Constitution of the United States 
in Philadelphia consisted ninety per cent of Englishmen, Scotchmen, and Irishmen. 
In the last session of the Senate, which consists of almost twice as many 
members, eighty-one per cent of the members, according to ¥x. Babbott* s informa- 
tion were of the same racial extraction. The last Senate had two members of 

- 2 - Vn ^^•^•^•^y G3HL!AIT 

Abend post , Sept. 25, 1927. 

French descent, Thonas F. Bayard of Dela\vare and iCdwin S. Broussard of Louisiana, 
as well as several other members viio are partially of French origin. There was 
also a Norwegian, Henrik Shi:!stead of Liinnesota, and tvjo senators of Swedish 
descent, Irvine L. Lenroot of V/isconsin and Peter Norbeck of South Dakota. 

^l^. Babbott, in establishing the proof of the racial extractions, requested 
every one of the ninety-six Senators to give him information about the racial 
extraction of his parents, grandparents, etc. If America of today has no great 
statesmen like ;7ashington, Franlclin, and lladison, then the fault lies not in 
the changed racial extractions of the legislators, as the statistical material 
fully proves." 

Upon the inquiry of the correspondent of the Abendpost at the office of the 
Science Service in Washington, as to whether people of German extraction were 
not also members of the first Constitutional Convention of the United States, 
as well as of the last Senate, the following information was given: ••In the 
comT)lete discussions about eugenics research and national welfare hy Frank L. 
Babbott, no report is to be found that German blood ^vas represented among the 


- 3 - h: \ii^k A GER?aN 

Abeadpost . Sept. 25, 1927 

dele?^ates at the Constitutional Convention. *♦ 

Kr. Babbott, however, in his eugenics analysis of the last Senate, ^ives the 
names of those senators vflio €ire of Oerman origin. They are: Frank L. Smith, 
Illinois, Sn^^lish-German origin; 0. E. ;/eller, Mairyland, English-German origin; ^ 
William E. Borah, Idaho, German-Irish origin; Thomas D. Schall, I.Iinnesota, .-.^ 
German-Irish origin; Robert N. Stanfield, Oregon, Scotch- Irish-English-German; p: 
F. M. Simmons, North Carolina, Scotch-Irish- English-German; JL B. Pine, Oklahoma, "^ 
Scotch-Irish-English-Gerraan origin; Simeon D. Fess, Ohio, German origin; g 
Richard P. Ernst, Kentucky, German origin; C. C. Dill, .Washington, Scotch-Irish- ^- 
German-Dutch-Swiss ; Wesley L. Jones, ,Vashington, .Velsh-Scotch-Irish-German origin^Q 

L!r. Babbott 's analysis does not extend to the members of the Eouse of Represent- 
atives of the last Congress. Among its 435 members, forty-one had German names, 
vAiile undoubtedly many others were partly of German extraction, or had American- 
ized German names of which the origin cannot be easily traced. Besides the 
twelve senators of mixed German extraction, there are in the House numerous 

other statesmen who have German blood in their veins. They form at least twenty- 
five per cent of the entire membership of the House of Representatives. 

Abendpost , Sept. 25, 1927. 

LiT. Babbott is mistaken ^.vhen he declares that amonp; the dele(?ates to the Con- 
stitutional Convention of the United States, in 1787, there was not one who 
was of Oerman extraction. Crerman blood flowed through the veins of a few of 
them. One of these was Gouverneur Morris of New York, a member of the Executive ^ 
Committee, who deserves gratitude for the draft of the Constitution. He was S 
a direct descendant of Jacob Leisler, who was elected Governor of New York by ^ci 
the citizens, and who, in 1691, to.::?:ether v/ith his son-in-law, Llilborne, was p 
hanged because he valued the welfare of the colony more than the wishes of ^ 
England. Llilborne* s widow, nee Leisler, later married a Huguenot, Abraham o 
Gouverneur. Ker son, Nicholas Gouverneur, married his cousin, Gertrude Hynders, ^ 
a daughter of Hester Leisler. The son of this marriare was the grandfather of ^ 
Gouverneur Morris, whose first name was his surname, and not a title. <Si 

General Frederick Frelin^huysen was another member of the Convention \*o was 
of German descent. The general, a grand child of Pastor Theodor J. Frelinghuysen, 
was born in //estphalia, Germany, tlany descendants of German ancestors assisted 
in securing the acceptance of the Constitution. Among those was, especially, 
Friedrich August !!uhlenberg, the Speaker of the first House of Representatives 

- 5 - f^.um ^\ Gr'smrM 

AbendDOSt, Sept. 25, 1927. 
of the Congress of the United States. 

Professor A. B. Faust, of Cornell University, in Ithaca, New York, in his 
historical work, The German SLement in the United States , made the following 
statement : "The Germans have always risked life and property in support of 
the Constitution, and have during the entire nineteenth century put a lar.r:er 
contingent of soldiers in the field than any other iimigrated national group 
ever has supplied." 

H. »/. Tv'. Richards says in his book, The German Leaven in the Pennsylvania Loaf , Lo 
»»If it had not been for the Pennsylvania Germans, the Declaration of Independence S 
of July 4th, 1776, would have been unheard of, and today, instead of the great ^ 
United States, every state .vould have been a country by itself, and probably 
a vjeak colpny of Great Britain.'' 

The influence of the German members of the Assembly of Pennsylvania forced the 
acceptance of the Declaration of Independence. The Q,uakers and the followers 
of the Episcopal Church, who v;ere strictly under the influence of England, were 
against the independence of the Colonies. Of the eight Pennsylvania delegates 

- 6 - \\y, V GEm^AN 

Abend post > Sept. 25, 1927. 

to the Continental Con.-sress, only one, Benjamin Franklin, signed the Declaration 
of Independence voluntarily, two disapT)eared, one was present and was persuaded 
to sign, while two refused to sign. ^Translator's note: two delegates are 
apparently unaccounted tovJJ It required all the pressure of the Gei^an members 
of the assembly of the province to overcome the opposition, and to force the 
acceptance of the Declaration of Independence. 

It is true that the Constitution of the United States was not wholly the work 
of Germans, but was mainly the result of long parliamentarian schooling, as it 
was inherited from 3n^land, tor.^ether with the example of the new French state 
philosophy, which was the result of the French Revolution. But, nevertheless, en 
it was German influence vdiich brought about its acceptance, and it was the 
Germans who pledged themselves with all their mi^-ht to the preservation of the 


Ill F 


Abendpost , Dec. 23, 19 IS. 

G1SHI.!M3 IN A!v3iUCA 

Before the ;/ar for Independence onlv ei.^ht Enf^lish nev/STDaners were r)ublished 
in Pennsylvania, but there v/ere ten German papers. It v/as the German, 
Pastorius, who v/rote the first sciioolbook in Pennsylvania; it was the 
German, Christoph Saur, who T^rinted the first Bible in America in a continental 
European lanf^ua^e. 

The Genran monastery iilphatra had its ov/n orintin^: r)ress in 1745, and also a 
paper factory and bookbindery; in 1749 it was able to publish a German 
transla'.ion of the '^-Tartyr's Mirror," a work of fifteen hundred pages, the 
greatest literary enterprise of the colony. 

No less a personage than Benjamin Franklin considered it necessary to print 
German books. 

In America the Bible was printed tiiree times in ''German and the New Testainent 
seven times before they were printed in ^n^^^lish. 

Ill p 


Sonntaf^post (Sunday Edition of Abendpost ) , Oct, 20, 1918. 


On October 6, 1683, the "Concord" landed in Philadelphia with eighty Pietists 
from Frankfort and Crefeld, led by Franz Daniel Pastorius-- an event which, 
although of little less importance than the landing of the "Uayflower" on 
November 20, 1620, has been given only scant recognition in Americans history. 
And yet these two dates marked the sources of two streams, from which a nation 
in the New World was evolved. 

Like William Penn and the Pilgrim Fathers, Pastorius and his society were 
driven across the sea by religious oppression. Penn assigned them a piece 
of land between the Schuylkill euid the Delawaore, and, on October 24, Pastorius 
founded the first German town in America, called "Germantown", which the 
German linen weavers and winegrowers nicknamed "Armentown", because of the 
hardships and privations they had to suffer during the first years • /Trana- 
lator*s note: "Arm" in German means "poor;" therefore, "Armentown," town 
of the poorj/ But later on, thousands followed. "You can live here if you 


Ill F 

3onntarT"ost (SimdaT Edition of Abend r)OSt ) , Oct. 20, 1918. 

vjork hard and 7011 can live according to your belief, too, and nobody v/ill 
bother youl" — that is v/liat brought then over here. 

The introduction of these first n-err^an settlers and their descendants, the 
^Pennsylvania Dutch,'* into the /imerican econonic life, foinin;'^ a part of the 
American population and at the same tine preservinf^ their customs, is perhaps 
the most striking]!: example of the process of Americanization for v/hich a later 
period invented the term '^melting pot"« Pastor ius played no snail role in 
this process. 

A hundred years before the birth of the rreat .^merican democracy, this trustee, 
Isf^islator, schoolteacher, and General adviser, during the period of helpless- 
ness and chaos amonf? the colonists, on ever\^thinr: from agricultural problems 
to lav/suits, was a true American for v/hom the principles of the Declaration 
of Independence, as yet unwritten, were a living truth. "Sober, honest, wise, 
and pious," as Penn described him, he \vas the embodiment of German character, 
xvhich enjoyed the friendly respect of the v;hole world until Prussianism cast 

Ill F - 3 - GERMAN 

Sonntagpost (Sunday Sdition of Abendpost ) , Oct. 20, 1918. 

a shadow o'ver it* 

^0 idler he, whoever else might shirk, 
He set his hand to ev'ry honest work. 
Farmer and teacher, court and meeting clerk;** 

so America's great poet, Whittier, lauds him. What the whole nation, almost 
a century and a half after him, recognized as a sacred obligation to the spirit 
and letter of the Declaration of Independence, was first held before the eyes 
of early America by Geman patriotism: Human rights and freedom for the slaves, 

He died at the age of sixty-nine, in 1719. The exact date of his death and 
his last resting place can no longer be ascertained. In Germantown a monument 
was erected in his honor, but a more beautiful one was established for this 
German hero of American democracy by John Whittier in his poem," TSie Pennsylvania 
Pilgrim, •* which glorifies his life and his courageous protest against slavery. 



- 4 - 


Sonntag;T)ost (Sunday l^dition of Abendpost ) , Oct. 20, 1918. 

The history ^«An7iters of the country which he embraced X7ith all his soul, and 
to the greatness of \vhich he had ,';-iven his share, hardly mention him, but 
17hittier*s immortal eulogy makes up for this nep;lect: 

''And lol the fulness of the time has come, 
And over all the exile's western home 
From sea to sea the flowers of freedom blooml 
And joy bells ring and silver trumpets blow; 
But not for thee, Pastoriusl Even so 
The v/orld forc^ets, but the wise anpiels know.'' 


III B 2 
I J 


Illinois Staats Zeitung , I^rch 11, 1917, 



Before a large audience of members of the German Club, who participated, yester- 
day, at the luncheon in the Sherman Hotel, the v/ell known lawyer, George Am 
I&son, spoke on Americans of German descent and their position in the history of 
the United States. Beginning with the statistics of Germans, who immigrated to 
the United States and their descendants, the speaker went back to the first immi- 
grations, after the Thirty Years War and the proof of the active participation 
of Germans, at all times, since the birth of the Iftiited States in every movement 
which would benefit the country. 

Already in 1688, the Germans had accepted resolutions against slavery; Jacob 
Leisler defended New York against the French and Peter Zenger fearlessly advo- 
cated the liberty of the press. He named Baron von Steuben, as the man who, 
through his talent as organizer, raised the tattered Colonial soldiers to be 
useful fighters for the Independence of America. Washington's letter of thanks 
to Baron von Steuben is the best proof of how groundless and malicious the pres- 
ent critics are against the German Americans; those who doubt their loyalty. 


-2- GJSRt/AN 

Illinois Staats Zeitiin^ t tfetr* 11, 1917. 

Such attacks find only support in the circles of the ignorant, and others who 
do not know the facts. The heroine of I.'onmouth, L'olly Pitcher, was Ivlarie Lud- 
wig, who was promoted to Sergeant by 7/ashington for her bravery. So much for 
German- American wooen. The speaker referred, also to the Civil V/ar, euid praised 
the patriotism of the German-Americans. At present, the possibility of a war 
with Germany is not impossible. God forbid its coming. But even then, the 
German Americans would not waver in their loyalty, but would stand true to the 
Stars ajid Stripes. '.That the speaker said about Germany and German ways and 
means in international politics, was more the result of hear say, than from 
experience and study while his views about the coming development of democratic 
principles in Germaiy, contained more vague assertions than concrete facts. 

In conclusion Henry George Zander, President of the Club, in serious, deeply 
felt words gave expression to the woe in the hearts of the German Americans and 
cited a poeiu of a Chicagoan, Dietz, whose last line ocpressed the thought, that 
the morning sun, might dry the dew on the flowers, and the tears in the eyes. 


II B 2 g 
III B 2 


Abendpost , April 12, 1908 


^ tn. 


The importance of Oermanism in the country's development. Lecture hy 
Professor M. D. Learned* The well-known scholar illustrated the influence 
of the Germans upon American civilisation. Pioneering also in agriculture 
and industry. 

Accoisprehensive picture of the (German people's influence upon the development 
of the American people was sketched yesterday by Professor M« D* Learned 
from the State University of Pennsylvania, in a lectiire on the theme: 
''The German in the North*American civilizations'* at the meeting of the 
German Historical Association of Illinois* This influence has, as 
Professor Learned, irtio studied the German elements in the United States 
thoroughly explained, made itself felt on all domainst commerce and in- 
dustry, particularly on intellectual grounds, in religion, education 
and politics. Of course, the importance of the Germans in developing 
the country, has never been made the object of special investigations 
and therefore is not fully appreciated* 



- 2 - 


•." V 

'>■.-■ — 'V 





•V* (• — 


Jtbendpogt, April 12, 1^8, 

> :'>. 

*The Oernan Americans, even more so than the Americans, should never 
forget the fact, that America is the home of 3^ million, prohahly Uo 
million people, in whose veins German hlood flows," Professor Learned 
pointed oat« TbQ Americans point with pride to their historjr* ^ It 
would he far hetter, if nine tenths of this history had never heen 
written, because It does not contain anything, irtiich might help to 
enlighten and instruct the people*** 

Instead, all the contributions which the German element and settler, r 
made for the flourishing of the country's culture, should find a place 
in American History works. The development of a great people's culture 
is a very interesting field of research for the Historian, because in 
the start of a nation are hidden the roots of its character and its 
adjustment*" "How would it stand with German History nowadays, if 
we would not possess knowledge of the culture, which the German people 
took over from the Bomans, Gauls, Anglo-Saxons and GreeksT" 


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Ab«ad£Ost, April 12, 1908. 




The Oeman historian knowB of no greater pleasure than to find new facts, 
which assisted in the foundation of German culture* In a sinilar wajf 
Ingland dates its clTllisation "back to the cultural life of several nations^ 
The lonanSt Celts, Uormans and Germans have all contributed to thecultural 
development of the Xnglish people, and the aim of all of England's modern 
historians is directed, to open all fountains of knowledge, ahout the 
life of the original races of Xngland, to its peoT>le« "How different 
is the bearing of the American historian towards our own develOi^ment , 
and the beginning of our culture* No nation on earth has the blood of 
so many nations in the veins, as the Americans. The English puritaUt 
Seigneur and felon, the Welsh, Irish, Scotch, African Vegro, Swedes and 
Scandinavians, the Spaniard, Frenchmen Hugnenot, Portugese, German, 
Hungarian, Slav, Bussian, Bussian Jews and other Jews, Italian, Greek, 
Armenian, Chinese, Japanese, and whatever else they might be called 
have all contri^ted to the remax4cable mixture of races. «• as we call 
the American people* 

These elements in our American system, are not perchance sub.jects of 
archeologlcal Inqulsltlveness, but formative factors in the life and 
culture of our people, and they demand the attention of every historian* 

^ ' ' 


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AT)endpott. AorU 12, I9O8. 


The faett that the old Hollanderisoi of New Holland disappeared from 
the ereryday life, does not mean, that the cultural influence, which 
was exercised upon the American life hy the Hollanders, has now totally 
subsided* On the contrary, it only begins now to bear fruits, as we 
may observe in our president* 



i . 


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Illinois Staats-Zeltiing t Apr. 18, 1901 


Numerous friends paid their last respect yesterday to Jtillus Boemlieldy 
at the funeral services In Graceland Cemetery. Mr. Roemheld was bom 
in Darmstadt, Germany, in 1828. As an immigrant , he came to Chicago 
in 1850 9 and soon thereafter established himself as chemist on the 
corner of Clark and Klnzie Streets. His was the first geniune drug 
store in Chicago, greatly appreciated by hunters and others, who came 
very frequently from distances of several hundrod miles in order to 
provide themselves with medicines from his renowned drug store. How- 
ever, he sold the business in 1865 to Anton Caspau: Hesing, and Mr. Emll 
Dletzsoh, the latter a very popular national poet. After the completion 
of this business transaction, Mr. Boemheld engaged in the manufacture 
of chemicals, with a factory at 212 Klnzie Street, which was consumed 
by the great conflagration. He retired from business several years 

Ill F 

II B 1 C (3) 

III B 2 
Til A 
I F 4 
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Illinois Starts Zeitunr, Au?rust 1", 1378. 

Lc^st Sunday, the United '.!ale Choirs of Arlington Heights, Palatine, 
Jefferi^on, and Kiles Center, celelDrcted a "big choral festival at 
River Orove in Desplaines* 

At 3. o'clock, Ur. George C. Klahm, President, "began his address. The 
speaker gave an effective description of the "beginning of 
colonization, in the ITorth of Illinois, and the wearisome fights with 
Indians. Te mentioned the increase of the German element, how it 
ohtained its recog::ition by perseveravnce and diligence, and how it 
fought victoriously the battle with know nothings, until the prominent 
participation "by G-ernans in the Civil '.Tar, on the side of the Union, 
assured theri, for ever, an important place in the nation. The once 
despised and wea-kened "TMtchi.ian" whose churches and schools were "burned, 
who was shot down in open streets like games, has now risen to be such an 
important political factor, that no party can expect success without 
paying consideration to the German element. 

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I F 1 I Illinois Staats Zeitung, Wednesday* Septemljer 6, 1876. /o ^ 

P''m-F^^^^-^mif^' '■-■'^' -  • - THE OLD COLOHISTS. ^  . : -^ ^ 

"^ ^§f Wie daa^ yesterday at Wright's Grove the second annual picnic was held 

'^" "^•^;^^'*^^' Jostph^Xanfmann opened this festival « remarking he thinks the asseinbled ^ 
■- M^ would be thankful to the committee, that It selected for this occasion 

^^:^;;w-: speakers from among the old settlers themselves, and presented as first 

■A<r •> 

^^5Sv 9ipeak€T Mr. John Wentworth, who saldi 

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^'Ladles and Gentlemenl 

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■^ I yi 1)elong to those, fdio think It Is a good Idea, to set aside one day in the 

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year, to forget all politics and sectarian differences and to spend it in 

• > ; ■- 

vrv^i friendly social company and reminiscences of old times* The custom of - W 
«ii^^|; entertfldning old settlers exists in many States ^nd has proven very advantageous 
^m:^ to ^history of the land. Ton have laid the foundation of a society of 

* 5^?^'-- ■.- . ... k. 

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1^®!'^^ I?:,.::;-;'"- •■■' ••.-■-2- '    ••. GBMj^,. 

.'fei^9f^-'^*^'?'^*^:^?' Illinois Staats. Zeltame. September 6, 1876. - - 

the oldest settlers and hope, tbat It will sneeeed and will be kept up. 

1- .^Ju8t go^l)ack to' the time, when Cook Coonty first was organised, at that time, 
^^-r:. -^^ wanted to get married, had to trarel to Peoria* The first German 

>^^ v*^^ TO^ed here, was John yon Horn, whom I knew well, and who was here already 
C'^>;#in 1830; the second was John Wellmacher, a haker, who made a nice profit by ; 
ok selling bread to the Indian settlers* Those two were the only Germans I knew. 

.5' -^ 

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'I^^tmtil the time of the orgaiization of Cook Cotmty* In the year I836 many 
more had arrived^ There already was a German hotel, that of JLdam Berg in 
^^^La Salle Street, almost opposite of my present office. There I danced for 
J^the first time with a German woman* 

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At that time only one Catholic priest was here, and he was a German* The 
first German who receired an appointment was Clemens Stose. He was the 
alderman in the second ward." 

'"■ '^>- -.'r . 


e speaker read then f roa a list the names of German settlers. vAiom he 


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^^^ ^ ^" Illinois Staate Zeltung, September 6, l&jG. ,\ f^wr^k b 

remembers from the year of 1839f c^^ gave quite a few characteristic nldc-^^ "^ 
names: or told little anecdotes about them, Nicholas Barth, five Baumgarten, 
of which a few now live in Freeport, IllinoiSt Adam Berg and four sons^ two 
of whom Joseph and Anton, are still living in Chicago; also Bemhard Blasy, 
John B. Busch, If iehael Direr sy, L« Taleh, A* Getzlert Philipp Groll, Wm« | 
Hass, 7. f . Heyman, Mathias Kastler, Vieholas Kastler, Friedrich L^ts and 
two Ludwige brothers, Louis If arlfacher, Joseph Ifarbach, Christoph Ifets, ^ ^ 
Rudolph Itiguly, Ifathias Ifuller, Nicholas Heudorf , Philipp. Petri, two Periolat ^ 
brothers, Wm. Perrior, John Pfund^ Philipp Raber, Chas, Sauter, Jacob Sauter, 
Adreas Schall, Andreas Schaller, H^nry Schuck, Uathias Schmidt, Peter Schedler, 
Clemens Stoss, Martin Straussel, Peter Reis, Winkler, Doney, Nicholas Bendell« 
There is still one other (German settler by the name of Peter Cum, the speaker 
Is noi positive if he was here before 18^« v' 





' -0" '■; 


Among the anecdotes was one about the butcher Joseph Marbach, who in IS3S 
or 1839f when Stephen Douglas for the first time ran for office, came to 
a 'meeting in his workiqg clothes and gave the above mentioned Catholic 
priest, who was essaying the role of a party leader ^. piece of his mind* 
in so thorou^ a way* and in the election won by so large a majority that 

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Illinois Staats Zeitung. Septeinl)er 6, 1876. 






since that time, the speaker ohserved priests have not j^d mach Influence 
on electlons# 

The speaker then contlnued:''The Germans have their own way, to struggle 
through life and their own Tlews about life, I hare mine. They are very 
Industrious, thrifty citisens, and he who works hard, one can with confidence 
fregard as a, good citizen. It is to he hoped, that your descendants will y 
Inherit your good habits in every respect. What concerns your religious 
Tlews, I always was of the opinion, that we have to let them go their own > 
way; when we cross the river, we all will have to look out for ourselves^ v . ; 
and with this opinion I have lived in peace with everybody. 






i^.. ►^^ 

We wanted to colonise Illinois and make it great, and therefore we had to ^ 
be liberctl and had to leave it to the newcomers themselves, how they wished 
to live. Therefore I always defended the principle, that you have Just as 
pnich right to perform Shakespeare on a Sunday > as the Blblf, and if you 
want to Indulge in drinking, this is a matter of public order; that if in 
a tavern thingf) go on In an orderly fashion, a police officer has Just as V 
little right to invade it as of going into a preacher* s house to investigate 



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Illlnojg Staats Zeitnng. September 6, ISyS. 

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^^.^ if he Is not perhaps making counterfeit money. The speaker closed with the*^^ 
remark, that it wotdd he exceedingly interesting to he ahle to see ahead 

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how the morals and social customs of America would he a hondred years hence » 
and once more strongly adyocated, to proceed in earnest with the founding 
of a historical society* ' ' 

' ' ' *  ^ ' » 

The German festiyal speech was given hy Ur. Henry Greenehaom, ihxo saidi 
"Ladies and Gentlemen! ^ 

He who comes over here nowadays cannot feel lonesome and forsaken l)ecause 
he sees himself surrounded hy IOO9OOO sympathizing German hearts hut it was 
^A> ^ quite different in those gray olden times, idien the first ones, who came 
oyer here were obliged to start digging at the canal for less than $1 per 
day.*« In I8U9 there were only a few Germans in Chicago. Since that time 
j$.:\> I howeyer, we can record an excellent df^yelopment. In those days the German 
way of thinking and German sociability found its first harbour in the first 


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Illlnola Staats Zeltung, Septenfter 6, 1876 

^^i4'-." .■■ 

singing society, the men's singing assoealtlon and a few yectrs later the 
Chicago Tom Conuminlty, to nhom we are o'bllgated with many thanks for to« 
day's and last year's festivals. Since that time Germandom has nnfolded 
splendidly In every direction, and to this development the simultaneously 
ifrlslng German Press has very vitally contrilmted. The idea my predecessor 
mentioned, naaely the founding of a Historical Society^ 

fvhope the ^Chicago Turn Comiminlty will take in hand* We want to preserve 
the names of all those who through their diligence and perseverance and , 
I; '! honesty have made the German a name among the natives, sach as no other 
nation possesses." 


->• . .'*^' 

( . I 

Ye add that the vote about the arm chair that was to he given to the most 
popular ol& settler, had the following resuktt L. Haas, 6l2 votes; ^^reenehaum 
- - 325? Kllnger 268; C. Seipp 31; J. Rosenthal 15; 1. Haarhlelcher 13; Huck, ; 
Beutenmoller and Hertlng each 10; Gollhardt 11; Petri 7; Wehrll and Berg 
each 5# Bletssch and Begenhardt each 1 vote. ^ 4 


i 1 

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IlllnolB Staats Zeitnng. September 6,,1876. 



from the records of the old settlers liio participated at this festival «e 
•elected those who imnigrated before I856 * from IS33, 3; from 1S3U,5;1S35,3; 

1836,9; 1837,7: IS38. 2; I839.8; 18iiO,12; I8U1.5J l8U2.l6j ISU3.13J l8UU.l6j 
18U5,17: I8U6. 51; 18U7,U6? I8U8.I10: 18U9,30: 1850.32? I851, 39? 1852,71? 
1853.60? I85U.109; l855,Ui? 1856,2U. 










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IV . 

Illinois St aa ts ^eitun ''^, Sei^. 6, 1875, 

- WPA(!lL.)PROJ. 30275 

tm:;: old 3i:rTL::R3. 

At the Old Settlers' picnic Kr. John 7'entv/orth ;^ave the follov/inn; historical 

'•Let's ro back to the time 'Then Cook County xms first organized. Before that, 
an^Aone wishin^:^ to ret r.arried, had to 30 to Peoria. The first "^eri^iT^ia xfho 
voted here, was Jo-n von Morn, v;ho:a I knev; vary v/ell and :7ho was established 
here in 183C; the second v;as Jo:n '.'ellnD.cher, a baker v/ho made good money by 
selling bread to the Indians. These are the only t-vo Gerrnans I knov; of up to 
the or'tanization of Cook County. 

••In 1836, we had the Gei'nan hotel of Adam Berg on LaSalle Street. I danced 
for the first time with a Gerina,n lady. . At t'ui.t time there was only one 
Catholic priest he 'e and he v/as a German. The first German v;ho obta.ined an 
office was Clemens Stose. Ke vra.s alderman 01 the second v/ard." 


Gr. Immigration 
and Emigration 

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I S Abendpost , June S5, 1935* 

^ I J 



Physicians contend that the era of devastating epidemics, which in former cen- 
turies were the scourge of mankind, is definitely past* We regret to say that ^ 
this does not apply to certain spiritual epidemics which, from timfe to time, :^ 
recur • One does not have to be parti cularily psychic to notice that, for some .-^ 
time, violent baiting of foreigners has been going on* For months the Saturday pi 
Evening Post^ one of the most widely circulated periodicals in the country, has i:^ 
been publishing articles of a decidedly nativistic character* In one of these r^ 
articles, statistical proof was given that the country would have no unemployed 
today if Congress had completely forbidden immigration a few years ago* 


Of course, such proof is perfectly senseless. It has been established beyond 
any doubt that this country produces considerably more than it can consume. 
Tbis implies that the country has not enough consumers; but that immigrants, 
as well as natives, are consumers no one will deny* But this is, of course. 


Ill G - 2 - GERIvIAN 


I E Abendpost , June 25, 1935. 

I J 

no count erproof, because he who consumes nust also produce. At any rate, 
the purely mechanical figures which are made to show that the country would 
have no unemployed if no one had immigrated in the last few years, are absolutely 
untenable. But this contention holds a strong appeal to the masses. Many of 
the unemployed will now say to each other, "All these years I would have had 
wages and bread if the d.... foreigners had not snatched it from me". -^ 

«*'^ t 

In their efforts to make the appeal to nativisn even stronger, its protagonists^ 
link it with the struggle against communism or radicalism of any kind. These r- 
tactics are, for instance, made the background of a bill v;hich Congressman Dies^-o 
has worked out and submitted to the House. The bill states: "The nation is un- o 
dermined by communists v^o would like to destroy our form of government. The '^'^ 
country must either be iVnerica or Russia. Time for action has arrived, now or ^^^ 
neverl" The bill introduced by Congressman Dies provides that all immigration 
shall be forbidden for the next fifty years. At the same time it prescribes 
that all foreign communists shall be deported. 

In this form, the bill is scarcely compatible with the Constitution and with 

• r» 

Ill G - 3 - GEtaiAN 


I E Abendpost , June 25, 1935. 

I J 

tradition. According to the Constitution, every citizen has the right to 
agitate for the introduction of another form of government. This ri^'ht is 
actually exercised, for at national elections the doromunists' ticket appears 
on the ballot, and is officially recognized no less than the Republican and 
Democratic tickets. Yet it is prohibited to agitate in favor of a violent 
revolution. Foreigners guilty of such action violate American hospitality in 
a heinous way, and should be deported, regardless of circumstances. No reasona- 
ble person v;ould object to that. 

But what has the combating of communism to do with immigration? Is it perhaps 
the intention of Mr. Dies to say that all imiaigrants are communists? Even this 
statesman is not capable of such nonsense. i^ 

More to the point, and much more reasonable, is another bill which is called the 
Russell-Cramer bill, after its originators. It provides grave penalties for 
those who advocate a violent overthrow of the present government. It is possible 
that even such a law may result in hardships and abuses, but there is, at least, 


Ill - 4 - GERLIAN 


I E Abendpost , June 25, 1935. 

I J 

meaning and reason in it. One cannot blame a government for wanting to 

protect itself against violent assaults of revolutionists. 

The problem of immigration, however, cannot be solved by existing methods. It 
is merely a superficial claim to state that this country has too many people 

instead of too few. It could, without difficulty, give food to a population ^ 

ten times as large. But then it would have to end the present immigration zo 

policies, and introduce, in their place, a policy of systematic settlement. A 

The land is here to be settled and cultivated, aiici man should take from it the r^ 

products bestowed upon it by nature. No nation can ignore this fundaiaental ^ 

principle without inviting a grave calamity. Instead of furthering the natural ^:^' 

tendencies of co-ordination between overpopulated and sparsely populated coun- -^ 

tries, certain statesmen nov/ simply want to close the gates to immigrants. f^ 


It is by no means certain that the Dies bill will be passed by this session of 
Congress. But similar measures will eventually be passed by Congress. Let us 
not be deceived about that, for the sentiment points in that direction. The 



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Abendpost ^ June 25, 1935. 

Ill G 
III ^ 

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articles in the Saturday Evening Post have caused great reverberations 
in the daily press, A very hateful sentiment is often expressed in articles 
and cartoons against the immigrant. In the history of this country, nativism 
has raised its head every so often. It has always been successfully combated 
by those possessed of sufficient insight to think clearly. But nov;, because 
of the depression, conditions are ripe for a successful advance on the part 
of nativists. 





III G casiaiAN 

Abendpost > Jiine 6, 1935 • 



The laws of deportation , at present in force, are in many ways contrary to 
reason. In some cases they work out in such a way that undesirable elements 
can escape deportation, whereas morally imobjectionable persons have to be 
deported* The existing law contains certain limitations with regard to 
time and duration of imprisonment which often renders a desirable deportation 
impossible. There are, on the other hand immigrants who for years have 
given proof that they are persons of ability and usefulness, but will be- 
come victims of deportation if they came illegally to this country, or 
have become a public charge through no fault of their own* 

TSie worst thing is — one may also justly call it the inhuman thing — that, 
because of the existing law, families are separated who live here in com- 
plete hanaony as useful members of the community. In this connection, our 
laws are an infamous exception to those of other civilized nations. 


Ill G - 2 - CERKAN 

Abendpost , June 6, 1935 • 

From the preceding reasons, we welcome the endeavor to bring the existing IE 
laws into harmony with justice and humanity. Congressman Kerr deserves • ^ 

credit for having worked out a bill which has received the approval of the ^ 

comaittee on naturalization and immigration, and which has been handed over <Z 

for debate to the House of Representatives, It is to be hoped that Congress ^ 

will occupy itself with the bill at this session and pass it* It v/ould 2 

surely contribute much to the happiness or many an able man over whom hangs ^ 

today the fate of deportation; the country is not going to suffer by it I (^ 

In the first place, the bill provides for some aggravations in the definitions 
concerning deportation in the following cases: Participation in the trade 
with narcotic poisons; conviction for misdemeanor or crime which involves 
moral tuirpitude, even v/here no prison sentence was pronounced; abetting in 
the smuggling of persons, and the illegal carrying of v/eapons* These or- 
dinances are intended to give the government a means for the deportation of 
undesirable elements, and are obviously so patterned as to more effectively 
combat the so-called gangster elements* 


Ill G - 3 - GBBRMAN 

Abendpost , June 6, 1935 # 

The rest of the bill deals with mitigating the hardships pertaining to the ex- 
isting law. Accordingly, an illegal immigrant who has been in this country 
for no less than ten years and, during that time, did nothing. against society, 
shoxild have the right to legalize his stay through later registration^ Like- 
wise, an illegal immigrant should be given the right of subsequent registration 
If his father, mother, wife or husband, or a legally acknowledged child of 
his, live in this country. The sole condition attached to it is that the 
person in question should, within a yaar, make use of the opportunity given 
him to remain in the country and to start the necessary steps toward legalizing 
his stay, and to acquire American citizenship. 

Persons who are admitted as visitors for a limited period shotild be permitted 
to receive the immigration visa without the compulsion of leaving the country 
first • Since the bill also provides that all subsequent registrations 
should be booked against the immigration quota of the respective country, 
injustices toward the various countries will be avoided* 


I E 

Abendpost> May 8> 1955^ 



A subcommittee of the Legislature is now holding open hearings on a bill 
the purpose of which is the registration of all aliens in the State of 
Illinois • The bill also stipulates that no alien who refuses to become a 
citizen, or who fails to secure his citizenship papers within the pre- 
scribed time, shall have the opportunity to v;ork except with the express :^ 
permission of the authorities, or shall, under any circumstances, receive 
public relief* 

As justification for this scheme it is stated that there are over three 
and one-half million persons in the United States v^o have no right to be 
here» These people are to be compelled to show their colors. A person 
who wishes to live here, the advocates of the bill declare, should also 
be prepared to assume the responsibilities of a citizen. They have no 
intention whatever of putting any pressure on the aliens, they say; their 




Ill G - 2 - GERMAN 

I E 

Abendpost , May 8, 1935. 

only interest is in winning aliens over to Americanism and in confronting 
them with their moral obligation. 

The proponents of this bill have set out on one of those tortuous paths 
which people like to travel when they have not sufficient confidence to ^ 
put their cards upon the table • translator's note: The mixed metaphor ^ 
occurs in the original// They could not very well send all aliens back F 
where they came from. That might injure /unericans living abroad and, -=-- 
in the second place, v«ould conflict with the American's traditional ^ 

humanity* It is clear, however, that an alien who becomes a public bur- 
den, as the pretty phrase puts it, is subject to deportation. That these 
people have spent their money here for many year^, and paid their taxes, 
and are today helping in many ways to support the native unemployed, no 
longer carries any weight. They have become a '^burden" and some way 
must be found to relieve society of it. 

They do not wish to force every alien to become a citizen. Oh no, not 





I E 

Abendpost , Hay 8, 1935 • 

at alll The alien is simply presented with an alternative. He has the 
power to decide his own fate. He is not forced to do anything. 

It has been pointed out with pride that applications for naturalization 
papers have increased lately. It is brazenly claimed that this is due to 
the shadow idiich the bill is already casting before. In reality the appli- 
cations were made at the time when the social legislation was proposed 
because there was the prospect that, by becoming a citizen, a person might 
share in the benefits of the old-age pension. £ 

It is quite clear that everything that has just been said here is well known !::3 
to the originators of the bill. That must remain hidden, however, and so ^ 
they have recourse to clever newspaper publicity. 

Hepresentatives of radical organizations were naturally the first to attack 
the bill. This created the impression that it was chiefly these hard-boiled 
elements that were worried about the proposed legislation. According to this 

« • 



I E 

Abendpost , iJay 8, 1935, 

way of looking at it, it would be a very good thing if the law were enact ed» 
So much fear of the radicals has been whipped up that one can be rather 
clumsy in approaching the anxious citizens and can still count on success* 
**With this drink in him" Editor's note: The quotation is from Goethe's 
Faust ; "Mit diesera Trank im Leibe, Bald Helenen in jedem V/eibe** (With this 
drink in your body, you'll soon see a Helen in every woman that you meetj7 
the good citizen sees everything as the originators of the bill wish him to 
see it* 


To say anything more against the bill would be a waste of ink* People 

think that the bill is directed against radicals, and they include in this ^ 

category many whose only crime was that their homeland was too small, and 

that they came to America thinking that prospects were better here* 




t * 


Abendi303t . Apr. 19, 193o, 



In our country nost people look upon the racial theories of the G-erraan national 
Socialists v;ith hearty disapproval or superior smiles. Actually they have no 
reason to do this, for very similar phenomena are to be seen right here. Na- 
tionalism is again putting forth splendid blossoms, poisonous blossoms. In 
the Saturday l>>yening Post of April 20 thBre is an article called "Imi:iisration 
Crisis," by Martin Dies, v/hich is a masterpiece of narrow-i linded nationalism,* 
of ignorance and stupidity. 

Dies is the Representative of the Second District of Texas in the House of 
Representatives. He is a member of the Committee on Irn;iigration and Katur- 
alization, and hence is a specialist, so to speak, in this field. In his ar- 
ticle he first summarizes the history of immigration. He states that in 1790 

Ill g - 2 - G-:jhi.iaii 

Abendpost , Apr. 19, 1935. 

the country had 3,172,444 inluibitants, all of whom, v;ith the exception of 
the Pennsylvania Dutch, spoke English. I'^rom 1790 to 1860 the population 
rose to 31,443,321#. The number of immigrants had reached four million. 
'They came from ::;]ncland, ocotland, Ireland, and Grernany. Tlien the article 
states, "At the end of this period, the racial unity of the United 3tates 
was intaot." 

Dies is, therefore, o.' the opinion that tiie imraigrants from i:orthv;estem 
IJurope, the Jnglish, the Scotch, the Irish, and the Oernans, are of the same 
race. This is not entirely true. The iinglish are a nixed people, and are 
descendants of the Britons, the Lorinans, and the Ger\ans. In the Scotch the 
Celtic element is predominant, and this is even more true in the case of the 

Dies lays emphasis, hov/ever, on the common language, v/hich is probably admis- 
sible evidence. If ^^ou take this into consideration you can admit that Dies* 

'^ Tj' I 

III G - 3 - 

.i.bQndpost , Apr. 19, 1935. 

statement v;itli regard to racial unity is somewhat justified. 

He then reports tiiat until 1830 only five per cent of the L-migrants came from 
Southern and Eastern Europe, but that after this time a considerable majority 
of the immigrants came fro.n these countries. There -;ere over eight million 
of them during the period from 1G90 to 1910. ;/ith regard to this Dies ifrites 
as follavs: 

"Industrial greed which subordinated the ultir,iate good of the country to the 
immediate and teiporar^r profits that cheap pauper labor seemed to promise, 
combined with that maudlin sentimentality v;hich has ever been the curse of 
our nation, and the principal source of the ills /[Jditor»s note: iTie exact 
phrase used by Mr. Dies v;as "many of the illsj^ wixich ;ve have brought upon 
ourselves, dictated this unwise and destructive policy. Today, as a result 
of this policy, we have more than 40,000,000 people of foreign stock in our 

Ill G - 4 - GSK.IATI 

Abendpost ^ Apr. 19, 1935 • 

This is very edifying. And so I.r. Dies is of the opinion that the people 
v;hose fathers and raothars, or even grandfathers and grandmothers, came from 
Southern and Eastern Europe, do not belong here. They are of "i'oreign Stock". 
Of this racial theory there is nothing to be round in the Constitution or in 
the statute booics. The theory has existed havever, araong certain parts of the 
population, tliat is,ai:iong the most narrow-minded and bigoted. 

In his article Dies gave special attention to certain amend: lents to the immi- 
gration lav; by which certain harsh features of the law should have been elimi- 
nated. There is no need to deal with these remarks in detail. Only one more 
passage from tlie article should b© quoted. This is as follows: 

"If our Nation had recognized the dangers inherent in its immigration policy, 
and bad promptly excluded the twenty million or more aliens that have since 

swelled the ranks of labor, agriculture, and business, it is reasonable to 

Ill G - 5 - G^KAN 

Abendpos t , Apr. 19, 1935 . 

believe that the unenplojnient problem v/ould never have assailed such serious 
and unprecedented proportions. In fact, it is not improbable that a surplus 
of labor would liave remained unknown in our generation." 

The statesman from Texas has produced a masterpiece of absurdity monuiuental 
in its proportions. With a superficiality and stupidity that seem alraost 
superhuman, he figures that v/e v/ould have had no unemployed if v/e had re- 
fused admittance to tv/enty million immigrants. Doesn*t Mr. Dies know that 
there are still enon:ious areas of land in the United States vjhich have 
scarcely been settled? Doesn't he kno\v that not one hundred and tv/enty mil- 
lion, but about a billion rjid a half people would be living in this country 
if it had the same density of population as Germany, for example? And yet 
Germany is by no means the most heavily populated country in ^iiurope. 

If Mr. Dies would only look up the statistics on this subject, ha would learn 
that the "native" /jiericans v/hom he prizes so highly are unable even to pre- 
serve their present members and that, as the result of voluntary'- birth control 

Ill ^ - 6 - Ga;R.i;\iT 

Abendpost . Apr. 19, 19;35. 


they would die out ix the population were not continually renev/eu and reju- 
venated by immigration. Today it is v/ell knov;n that eYery sound and normal 
human being is an asset to tho community, and that a people has no more 
valuable possession than its human material, i^or other peoplos these are 
commonplace, but tho statesman from laicas has not heara of tham yet. 


7 ,\.P.A. ?' 

Ill G 


Abendpost . Uar* 30 , 1934* 



Isimigratlon to the United States has alioDSt cone to a standstill* There are ^ 

few countries which have filled their quotas , and there is no indication that -^ 

this situation will change in the near future* Nevertheless, Secretary of F 

Labor Frances Pericins has appointed a coinmittee to study the isimigration ^ 

problenu This coimaittee has now submitted a report which contains several S 

noteworthy recommendations* ^ 

First of ally the committee recommends the enacting of laws to facilitate crt 
the deportation of alien criminals* Next, the existing laws are to be so 
amended that the immigration of imnediate relatives of person already living 
in the United States will be facilitated* An attempt will be made to do the 
same thing for persons who have been persecuted because of their religion. 

Ill G - 2 - 

AbendpoBt > Mar. 30^ 1934« 

their race, or their political views* Tbla can be done without any chaxige 
in the existing quotas* 

Lastly, the committee recommends that every effort be made to stop illegal ^ 

immigration* If » however, a person has entered the country illegally ^ has <ri 

lived here for years^ and has proved himself to be a good citizen^ the F 

officials are no longer to have the right to deport him* The committee has ^ 

proposed an interval of five years in which deportation is possible in such o 

cases* After this interval has elapsed tbe immigrant has the right to legal- ^ 

Ize his entrance into this country after the event* ^ 

There is no fault to be foimd with these recommendations* On the other hand^ 
there is a recommendation of the committee idiich is open to question* The 
committee advocates the appointmait of an official whose duty it is to be to 
Americanize immigrants as quickly and completely as possible* Such an official 
is superfluous* The local school authorities in the great cities already do 
so much to aid immigrants in their transition to the American way of life that 

Ill G - 3 - CEHMAN 


Abendpost « Mar* 30, 1934. 

it is quite unnecessary to create a Federal office for this purpose. The 
only thing that it would laean would be more officials , more officeholders^ 
BK>re expenditiires, and higher taxes. For this very reason this recomaendation 
will be very favorably received by the politicians; the taxpayers will have 
a very different opinion of it, ho waver • 




Abendpost . Aug. 7, 1932. 



The opinion of the average American regarding immigration is that in 
almost every instance i>eople come to this country because of the poli- 
tical and personal privileges it offers. And he cannot be shaken in his- 
belief. Moreover y he is certain that the poor» tormented steerage pass- 
engers shed tears of Joy at the first glimpse of the Statue of Liberty 
in the harbor of New York* This is, however, a great mistake. Those 
immigrants whose alleged preference for this coimtry is the result of 
political and religious suppression constitute a mere minority. The 
majority come in quest of better opportunities for a livelihood. 

The intrinsic longing for the Land of Freedom is scarcely ever considered 
as the immediate cause of immigration. This interpretation of immigration 

Ill G - 2 - GERMAN 

I B 2 

Abendpost . Aug. 7, 1932« 

exists only in story books written by Yankees who thus reveal a colos- 
sal ignorance of the mental capacity of immigrants. Prior to the regu- 
lation of immigration by Congress, the economic situation of this coun- 
try could be considered as a barometer of immigration , which increased 
cmd decreased according to the economic status of the nation. Statis- 
tics of recent years show that the number of those returning to their 
native land as the result of imfavorable economic conditions here is 
very large. In fact, some nations have more in-coming than out-going 
emigrants. And, It is quite easy to \mderstand lAy, xmder the present 
circumstances, many immigrants prefer to return to their native hecurbh. 

But what about Americans who have chosen foreign lands as their pez*ma- 
nent homes? The press is at present circulating a report according to 
which Anita Bl^ldwin, a millionaire of California, has annoimced her 
Intention to dispose of her property there and take up residence in 
Canada. When asked to explain this step, she said that her homeland 

Ill G - 3 - GERMAN 

I B 2 

Abendpost . Aug. 7, 1932. 

with its many different laws and high taxation has become burdenscxne to her. 

That a millionaire prefers to reside in another country does not usually 
constitute news^ but the case of Anita Baldwin, howeyer, jxroTed suffl-- 
ciently important to be given space in the press throughout the nation. 
This is not the first case of its type* According to statistics pub- 
lished sereral years ago, there are hundreds of thoiisands of Americans 
who prefer living in foreign lands. There are large American colonies , 
which do not consist only of students , in London, Berlin, Paris, and 
other European cities* 

What causes these men and women of wealth to prefer foreign countries 
to their own?* • • • Are all their cases similar to that of the Califor- 
nia millionaire? As a matter of fact, the bxirden of taxation was only 
thrown out of balance during recent years* It is therefore obYlous that 

Ill Q - 4 - GERMAN 

I B 2 

Abendpost , Aug* 7, 1932, 

a similarity between these cases is out of the question. 

Bat hoir about Europe? Does not Europe insist upon collecting taxes? 
Indeed nobody is exempt there from taxation. What these people r dally wished 
to escape is the petty tyrannies of legislation. Prohibition is ob- 
Tiously considered one of these tyrannies. After all, alcoholic bever- 
ages are obtainable here despite I^ohibition. But what arouses their 
resentment is the fact that one is considered a criminal in the eyes of 
the low lAen one indulges in a glass of wine or beer. Then there is the 
secrecy which has tobe maintained in such transgressions. 

In sum, then, they are in revolt against the puritaniccJ. i)attern so pre- 
dominant at present in American life. These people wish to live their 
lives as they see fit, and object to restrictions on their personal li- 
berty as long as they observe and respect the law. In Europe, they are 

Ill G - 5 - QEEMftH 

I B 2 

Abandpost ^ Aug* 7, 1932 « 

not subject to such restrictions* Spies and informers are a menace to 
them in their own country. They are constantly reminded of the puritan 
rule in public life. 

Furthermore, we must take cognizance of the heavy losses suffered by our 
country as a result of these self-imposed exiles. Althoxigh the material 
loss may not be of any great importance , the cultural loss is enormous. 
It would be well to remember that these Americans are men and women of 
bright intellect and independent Judgment. 

HowoTer, they are performing a special sei^ice. They are determined to 
refuse both to yield to bureaucratic tyranny and to become slayes of .pub- 
lic opinion. Nevertheless, it is rather regrettable, but at the same 
time understandable that in order to escape tyranny they have had to 
choose exile. 

Ill G 












\bendDost, Dec. 14, 1929. 



For many years our authorities have shovm that alon{^ vrith immigrati 
we are also confronted v/ith considerable emifration. The strangers 
coming to our hospitable shores do not al/zays find matters conform- 
in.^ to their exDectations. Many return tc their fatherlands, rich 
in experience but deficient in funds. Others havs the knack of 
utilizing the possibilities offered by the nation. They work and 
save, eventually acquiring a little raoney. But they v/ill not be 
assimilated. They learn to speak the lanvguage about as well as 
necessity requires, but at heart they remain foreigners. These 
people return to the native hearth v;ith their acquired, treasure 


Ill ^ - 2 - (KR!,1AN 
I B 2 

I B 1 Abendpost , Dec. 14, 1929. 

I G 
I H 

(v/hatever that may anount to), buy a farm or an established business 
and thus support themselves duria^ their declininr- years. 

Americans have often frowned upon thi^ practice and have considered 
it unfair, ouch people stand accused, as Theodore Roosevelt once said, 
of r-i^ardin.'^ the United States as an international lodc-inghouse. 
They are reproached v.lth havinp, come to the United States for the 
sole purpose of extracting money from it. They rei^iain foreigners 
because they have no intention of becoming Americans, '-'hey v/ill 
not be absorbed, either in the social or in the economical sen^e, 
although -Che land offers them a comfortable existence. Nevertheless, 
these people must work hard for their money; they acquire nothing 

Ill G 

- 3 - 












AbendDost , Dec. 14, 1929 

gratuitously. ;i]ven if their conduct is an injustice, legally not 
much can be done about it. 

But what can one say about native Americans v/ho deliberately 
leave this land and live elsewhere indefinitely? They constitute 
a much larger group then is C:;enerally conceded. A re )ort from 
V.ashington shov/s chat 435,000 ilmericans emigrated during the last 
twelve 3/ears. This contingent intends to remain in foreign countries 
permanently. A man v;ith statistical propensities, usin-' the government 
report as a basis, figured that 697.1 Americans departed each week 
during the last tv/elve years; this amounts to approximately one 
himdred departures per day. 

Ill a 

- 4 - 












kbendpost , Dec. 14, 19S9. 

It inay be assunod that in this exodus there are also found a number 
of commercial travellers represent inf^ l€irge corporations. But these 
constitute only a small fraction of the v/hole, and raost of them have 
no intention of always remaining beyond the boundaries. 

There are also many American farmers ivho have settled in Canada, but 
they, too, are not nuiaerous. vmo, than, are the Aiaericans v/ho deliberately 
leave the '^Land of the Free," the ''Home of the Brave"? "Hhey are well 
known. London, Berlin, Paris, and other European cities boast of large 
American colonies. These people live in foreign countries because they 
feel at home there, more so than in rimerica. lAost of them are sufficiently 
prosperous to enjoy a liberal income; others are not so fortunate and 
must earn their living. 

Ill G 











- 5 - 

^bendpost , Dec. 14, 1929 • 



After all, it is not surprisiii'? thut th^.j prefer to live elsewhere. 
It has often been claimed that r)rohibition is the fundamental cause. 
3ut that is only partly true. It is the spirit of prohibition, its 
revolt-in.^wiring attitude; the incessant control, police cudgels, 
bureaucratic sup-^rvision and interference, which nearly encompass 
every human pursuit — all of this instills disgust for the /unerican 
homeland and Dromotos a desire to leave it. 

Can you blame them for their unv/illingness to live in a country where 
the drinking of beer or a highball, or the smoking of a cigarette is 
considered a serious transgression, v/hile habitual, genuine cririinals, 
allied v/ith politicians, control large cities? 

Ill g 

I B 2 
I B 1 

I c 


- 6 - 

Lbendpost . Dec. 14, 1929. 


Political and religious ores3ure, one and a half centuries a^^o, 
induced Juropeans to forsake that continent. In later years hordes 
migrated to .imerica, because the economic situation was nore 
auspicious. Today, wo witness a revjrsal of this mass -movement. 

Americans, by the hundreds of thousands, are intent upon escaping 
from the present, unbearable whip-rul-, so derbrously ap died by 
fanatics, strong-arm moralists, snoopers, and reformers. 

Europe offers a haven for Americans; hence the exodus. 

) -^ V Pi o'l 

Ill G GERMfiN 

V A 1 

III H Abendpost . Nov, 16, 1929 • 

I H 



Washington makes the gratifying announcement that next yearns census will consider 
the question of language* It will be recalled that the last census overloaded 
Its queatltenaire with supposedly all-Important questions , and found no space 
to consider the language problem* Objections to the Inclusion of the latter 
were then resorted to with typically bureaucratic persistency* Therefore » 
the final offldcd relenting in this matter deserves proper recognition* The 
question regarding the inhabitant's mother tongue is of profound historical 
significance for the United States, since it will provide definite facts about 
our racial foundations, give data on the nation's development and, above all, 
provide information about its settlers* To ignore these things would have 
been shortsighted indeed* 

It is quite evident that the question regarding nationality will in some cases 

Ill G - 2 - GERMAN 

V A 1 

III H Abendpost > Nov* 16, 1929. 

I H 

I C lead to misinformation given neither purposely nor maliciously, 

but merely because in many instances the person questioned does 
not know to which nationality he really belongs. 

This ignorance is one of the consequences of the World War. How many 
German-Bohemians who immigrated to America before the war and became 
citizens here will claim to have been Czechoslovakians? Actually they 
never were.Czechoslovakian. But since their birthplace is today a part 
of the newly-formed Czech republic, then insofar as statistics are con- 
cerned they have originally came from Czechoslovakia. The German who 
left Eupen or Malmedy thirty to forty years ago moist classify himself 
as a Belgian if he interprets the question properly, although throughout 
his life such was never his intention. But today his natal heeorbhstone 
rests in Belgium, and everyone who was born and lived or died there has 
been officially affirmed a Belgian. 

The Germans would have been a small race indeed if the statistical records 

\7 "/.«'.A 


Ill G 
V A 1 
I H 
I C 

- 3 - 

Abendpost ^ Nov* 16, 1929 • 


were based solely upon the present boundaries, resulting from 
the German defeat In the World War. There would be few Germans 
were the birthplace the only deciding factor* 

However, the question which inquires about the mother tongue will, above 
all else, provide a true indication of one's nationality* The former 
German-Bohemian will never declare that his language is Czech, just as 
a South Tyrolean will not represent himself as Italian, or a German Pole 
as Polish* Likewise the emigrant from Eupen will not consider himself 
I^ench or Welsh* 

In formulating future immigration laws it may be of utmost importance to 
Icnow how many of those settlers who came to the United States in this or 
that decennium considered themselves of Teutonic origin* 

O / 

The attempt to exclude the question was tantamoimt to a distortion of the 
truth* The decision to include it again is therefore a happy circumstance* 


I H 

I C Abendpost , Nov. 8, 1929 • 



At times one experiences considerable difficulty in following the trend of 
thought of Saint Bureaucratius. For years the Immigration Department 
has declared that it is impossible to deport all aliens who entered illegally, 
even if their whereabouts are known, because not enough funds are available. 

This should lead one to the conclusion that the authorities practice a 
certain amount of circumspection and first of all, rid the country of 
undesirables. In general that may apply; but as long as bureaucracy runs 
rampant, it will make some blunders, which will stun our impartial citizens. 

Sometime ago, Uncle Sam's '♦catchers" apprehended a German girl who came to 
the United States about two years ago. The young lady had her permit 
renewed several times. The last time, hov;ever, a member of her immediate 

Ill G - 2 - GERMAN 

I H 

I C Abendpost , Nov, 8, 1929« 

family suddenly became ill* No - she did not forget to ask for an extension 
of the privilege - but she waited beyond the legal period* She had no 
intention of remaining longer in the country. All she desired was to depart 
peacefully without being deported. 

Although the local district director advocated that compulsory deportation 
proceedings should not be enforced under the circumstances, the Immigration 
Commissioner ignored it* A second appeal brought the same result; again 
the district director's recommendations were ignored in Washington. It had 
to bel The yoimg lady, a university graduate by the way, must be deported 
to Germany. It must be done in a compulsory manner, and, in order to be 
sure, she was arrested and brought to Ellis Island. 

Uncle Sam obviously wants to make an exaraple and show the world that he 
tolerates no fooling. 

How the criminals of the world who congregate in Chicago and other large 

Ill G - 3 - GERMAN 

I H 

I C Abendpost , Nov* 8, 1929. 

American cities, will smile when they read thisl As far as this group is 
concerned, our strong-arm of the law and the Immigration Department seize 
only a small percentage. 

After all, so they lament, our funds are limited and we can only deport 
a small fraction. But a young lady, unsullied by crime, who merely over- 
stayed her permit by a few weeks and asked for a prolongation - she must 
be mercilessly deported - although she has no intentions of remaining here. 
All she desires is to leave the coxintry of her own accord and not "par ordre 
de mufti." 

During the interim she remains confined, at the expense of the Immigration 
Department, because habeas corpus proceedings were started in- her behalf in 
New York. 

TJhy don^t they act like gentlemen where a lady of irreproachable character 
is concerned and leJ-Jaer depart in peace? And why do we permit Sicilian 

Ill G - 4 - GERMAN 
I H 

I C Abendpost , Nov. 8, 1929 • 

"gangsters** with a criminal past to remain here indefinitely? The latter 
case provides ample opportunities to show our rough side, but somehow we 
neglect it« 

The Immigration Department will probably declare that they have merely 
obeyed the law. 

This is always the excuse of Bureaucratius, but in reality it provides 
a good escape. We admit without argument that the law is on the side of 
the administration. But as the law is not fully applied in so many 
intrinsic cases - and cannot be enforced due to definite reasons, then 
it is certain that neither the Immigration Department nor the authorities 
in Washington will lose prestige if th3y do not always enforoo the law 
to the letter. 

They are more likely to evoke esteem if it becomes apparent that one does 

•• k. 

Ill G 
I H 
I C 

- 5 - 

Abendpoat > Nov. 8, 1929 


not deal exclusively with desiccated and dust-covered bookv/orms, but 
that one finds personalities who consider the human factor. 

This is the distinction between independent, thinking, ideal public 
employes and ossified, bureaucratic mandarins. 


Ill G QERMflN 

V A 1 

Somxteigpost . Oct. 20, 1929. 




According to the report of the Naturalization Commissioner, the fiscal year 
of 1928 showed the largest increase in naturalizations since the passage 
of the law of 1906, when specific changes were inaugurated. This year 
233,155 applications were made; 181,875 from men, and 51,280 from women. 
The lion^s share was taken by the Italians with 53,206 persons; the Britons 
came next with 38,053, Including 13,163 from Ireland and 7,712 from Canada.) 
The Poles followed with 35,293; the Russians showed 17,931; and the Czecho- 
SloTaks 10,553. Among the latter three, one can find a large number of 
Germans who have been classified as Slavs because they happened to be bom 
in these countries. German districts within the present geographical 
limitations of Germany, 9,380 persons; closely followed by 9,005 from 
Greece. One of the surprising facts appears in the Turkish enumeration, 
which is 5,022. Austria gave 4,237; Switzerland 1987; and Luxemburg 132. 

Ill G 


Abendgost, Oct. 1, 1929. 



In the fiscal year 1929, ending June 30, 279,678 immigrants entered 
the United States, and this represents the smallest amount of auj 
year, since 1919 

Divided according to language groups, the German contingent is the 
largest, reaching a toted of 55,631. 

Lest the reader draw false conclusions about the number of Germans 
given in the foregoing paragraph, let it be said that these Germans 
did not all come from Germany. There were many Austrians whose 


- 2 - 


Abendpost , Oct. 1, 1929 • 

mother tongue is German; also Immigrants from Poland, Slovakia, 
Hungary, Switzerland, Jtigoslavia, etc. who call themselves German 
because that is their language. 





Abendpost^ June 22, 1929,,. 

•♦Result of 5 Years of Work with the 
Gernfin Element in the United States'** 

By Robert Trent 

(Book Review) • 

1 I.A.1 b 

I A 2 b 

II D 10 

in B 2 

II A 2 

II B 3 

ni A ^ 

III c 
3EII H ; 

V A 1 

I c 

I G 
.1 L 

After more than 5 years of contact with the German-American element of the United 
States, after working with them, their leaders and their newspapers, sound ad-» 
vice is given, to beware of all superficial and indolent judgments of the value 
and character of the German people* Above all we should interest ourselves in 
the history of the development of German-Americanism and in the life history of 
every immigrant coming to America* 

The majority of the millions of immigrants of the 19th century, probably would 
have preferred to remain in their homeland if they would have had better chances 
and possibilities of developments* Serious minded, ambitious young men, not 
black sheep of well to do families, were the first \riio with the love for their 
German homeland in their hearts, crossed the ocean to seek a wider place and a 

- 2 - GERMAN '^ "^^ 

Abendpo at » June 22, 1929. 

better possibility for success. Their wholesome ambition was only a hindrance 
to them in their homeland which they had left behind ; but here in America strong 
fists, a lively desire to succeed and unprejudiced thinking were needed. Here, 
they were valued forces. This they felt soon« It gave them self *-assuranc e. 
The first five years of gnawing homesickness, and of hard labor, passed. The 
relatives from their home town wrote less often; their own letters which went 
across became more scarce. They became acclimatized. Their adopted country 
shared its wealth and freedom with them. The German agricultural laborers and 
the poor farmer's sons, soon became wealthy American farmers. The young German 
workman and tradesman were managing their own businesses in American styla, and 
with American success. But still they carried the memories of their old home 
town in their hearts. ^Jn their ••Schwaben Verein**, in their '•guilds'*, in Singing 
Soeieties, or •Turner-Vereins'*, in German churches with their German Pastors and 
with the harmony of German church songs, they found, in the city, as well as in 
the rural districts, their little old home village again. There they spoke their 
genuine native dialect. 

The old home land itself had not given them anything since they had left; neither 
material advantages, nor cultural strength. For Germany they were dead. So it 
was in the decades before the German Empire and so it remained also during the 

- 3 - GERMAN 

Abendpost > June 22, 1929 • 

times after the establishment of the young German Empire* ?/hen one of the mai^ 
Germans visited his old homeland, he vas greeted by his own people as the **Amer- 
ican**, and vhen one of the many had some official business to transact with the 
Imperial Consulate, he was afraid of the affable manners of these gentlemen* 
Neither the home town nor the state did the least bit to encourage and preserve 
German traditions and culture in America* The German people in America encouraged 
themselves, of their own accord, and cultivated love to their homeland. 

In America, an Americanism of people of German descent,, is upheld through the 
impressive life of societies and churches* These societies, incli;iding singers, 
athletes, veterans, Hessians, Bavarians, the butchers, the grocers , all developed 
such an active German national life, that we only desire that in all territories 
inhabited by minorities, such a development could be possible* 

Festivals indicating the great self assurance of the German people are celebrated 
through out the country* Societies, which are rich in expectations, were founded 
by the entire German element* In the public schools of many cities, the German 
language was accepted as a major subject* The schools of Catholic and Lutheran 
eongreg^tlons, instructed in the German language, and thereby transplanted the 
German language to the second and third generation, especially in the rural dis*- 
tricts* Germanism of American character blossomed before the outbreak of the 

• 4 - GERMAN 

Abendjgost, June 22, 1929* 

late war* The world war, the menacing of the old homeland by the iron ring of 
its enemies in 1914, awakened the entire country to enthusiasm, to help and to 
sacrifice* Then, contrary to expectations, America under President Wilson,a8 a 
war power, joined the enemies of the German people* And now an inner period of 
dictatorship began, which naturally abounded in violence against the German** 
American element* 

Since then 12 years have passed; Germanism in America could not be strangled. 
Its resurrection could be witnessed over the entire country in 1923, its efforts 
to intercede for the German people for their homeland was admirable, their deeds 
of charity, astounding* In thousands of their own tremendous national demonstra* 
tions, the lively pulse of the German heart, of these Americans of German descent, 
could be felt* It seems that the war and peace experiences, developed the old 
naive homeland sentiments of the German-Americans to a more conscientious thought 
of their nationality and ancestry, iriiich not only wants to express itself in so-» 
cieties and churches, but also strives into the wider American publicity, by 
emphasizing their ancestry, their services Txdiich they have rendered to this coun-» 
try, through the usage of the national language* Therefore, the younger genera- 
tion is offered an opportunity \riiich will help them to retain and cultivate the 
consciousness of their nationality and ancestry* 

• 5 - GERMAN 

Abendjgost, June 22, 1929. 

For this part of the German- American element, iriio are not able to speak the 
German language, we should find a suitable enlistment, to which the endeavors of 
the young Steuben Society could lead U8» 

III B 1 

I C .Abendpost, I'ar. 27, 1929. 

-Tkh; chi?:!A!«>ai--:3Hica\ citizp.ns alliatjc-;^ protests 
•again3t tkh i'atioital 0:^igt!: clauss 

At a meeting held by the Oerman-American Citizens Association, the following 
protest resolution against the nationality clause of the innifrration law has 
been accepted, a copy of v/hich had been sent to each menber of the Senate, 
Moreover, rcr, Deneen the United States Senator, had been reouested to propose 
the withdrawal of this clause in the Senate. 

The text of the protest resolution is as follows: ^The C-ennan -American Alli- 
ance of the United States considers the Nationality Origin clause, in its 
present form, exceedingly unjust, unv/ise, and detrimental''. 

This clause is a direct misrepresentation of our historical past, a denial of 
our eventual future, and furthermore, it indicates a misjud./^ment of the nation's 
efforts in maintaining our national standard. It leads, undoubtedly, to 

JII ^ - 2 - GER?1AN 
III B 1 

I C Abendpost > Mar. 27, 1929. 

dissatisfaction and discord among the majority of the people, whereby the 
quality of the citizenry diminishes rather than improves, which is obvious- 
ly the goal of the defenders of the new measure. The German-American Citizens 
Alliance is fully in accord with the attitude taken by President Hoover; namely, 
that the present nationality clause by which immigration quotas are regulated 
is not a sufficient foundation for that act. It is the duty of the re-oresenta- 
tive body, in the opinion of this Alliance, to revoke that newly created clause, 
or else, postpone the application of that measure, while, in the meantime, a 
satisfactory solution may be effected. 

The German- American Citizens Alliance deems it of utmost importance, in the 
interest of our country, that Congress should act promptly when it convenes in 
a special session, and thus avert further complications. Since it is within 
the Senate's jurisdiction to take the initiative, this Alliance places hope in 
that body to use its influence toward a satisfactory solution of the immigration 
c 1 au se . /^ '^ 

IIL-2 - 3 - (ssm'jdi 

III B 1 

I C Abendpost . T.lar. 27, 1929. 

The German-American Citizens Alliance of the United States, 

nermann Wollenberger, president. 
Ernst Brosius, seoTetar}/. 



in Q 

Tf Abendpost t Itor. 19, 1929* 




An urgent neeesslty commanded the assembly to sulmiit to the two Senators of o 
Illinois and to Presiden HooTer as energetic resolution, in regard to the I ^ 
question of the new immigration law« •;:^ 


Vice^p resident De Try emphasized that President HooTer is not willing to estab* 

list the new quata, which among other effects would decrease by more than half 

the quota of German immigration^ But the President , he said, in his endeaTors 

to keep up the hitherto satisfactory regulation of quotas, must haye the support 

of all who are interested, to oppose the so called pro«-2nglish Patriotic Societies,^ 

whose tendencies are pronouncedly anti«-Oeimaxu 

Secretary A* 7« Siebel was appointed to word the resolution which shall, from 
the Tiewpoint of a wholesame Americanism, oppose strongly the new regulations of 
immigration quotas* 


I C 

Jbendpost t July l8, 1927* 




When emigration was permitted again^ critics approached the German immi- 
grant and subjected him to serere criticism* He undoubtedly is in a diffi< 
cult position^ because regard for the Germans has greatly diminished^ 
on account of the war propaganda* The German therefore, encounters many 
unjustified prejudices even todays 

Ill g 


- 2 - 




Abandpoat t July l8, 1927* 

It la ragrettabXa that tha Garman InmigrbLntsi according to tha critlcay 
hava not alwaya conqpliad with thair dutiaa^ and oftan raports hava baen 
aant through tha praaa complaining of tha conduct of Garman immigranti in 
tha country whara thay aattlad* 

Tha following principlaa may guida tha Garman in how to conduct himaelf 
in hia adoptad countryt 

Fir at t Alwaya ramambar that you ara a Garman* 

Sacondt Ramambar that you ara anjoying the hoapitality of a foreign country* 

Do not forget your old homeland in the new country* Strive to win eateem 
for Garmana in foreign countries ^ and resent with dignity and pride 
any humiliation caused you aa a member of a defeated country} you are 
entitled to reapact on account of tha German people's deeda* 

in G 


- 3 - 


Abeadpost t July l8, 1927* 

Seek association with other German immigrants and cultivate German ways 
and customs • Keep your mother tongue and also strive to awaken love of the 
German language in your children and sussist them in preserving it* Respect 
the laws and regulations of your adopted country and always act in such a 
way as not to offend your fellow-citizens« 

Avoid interference with politics of the country of which you are a guest* 
In trouble, give your assistance - if at all - only to the rightful govern- 
ment^ and abstain from an attitude in regard to foreign politics entirely* 

Do not criticise the conditions of foreign countries, as long as you are 
not acquainted with the habits and customs. Remember, that this country 
is the fatherland of those people who are granting hospitality to you* 





III 6 




t* '. 

t. /• 

• 4 - 




Abendpost ^ July l8, 1927* 

Respect habits and customs of your new fellow--cltizens« Ueet them with 
politenessy but also with dignity and pride^ when they try to insult you 
as a German* 


Ill G 


I C 

Abend post . May 30, 1926. ^^^ i}^*) PRO^.oi,^/^ 

Tffi: IL3£IGRATI0N LAW OF 1924* 


Concressman John J. Douglas of Massachusetts has introduced a resolution in 
Congrees, \i*iich proposes a change in the existing Immigration Law of 1924* 
This act determined that the yearly total immigration quota to the United 
States, beginning with July 1st, should be restricted to 150,000 persons, and 
the distribution of this quota over the various nationalities shall be 
decided on the basis of the number of individuals of these nationalities liv- 
ing in the United States in 1920. This will include not only those who them- 
selves were born in the homeland, but all those, who are descended from these 
nationalities, even if their families have been settled in this country for 

It is obvious, that such descent and origins will be enormously difficult to 
ascertain, especially in a country like the United States, in which registers of 

Ill G 
T C""" 



^ r\ /• 

Abanu-oost, Iliv :jO, 192 

persons? IiEive nevor been kept. 


"ICnor cu:^l-,^ difficult" irs not the ri ht v/ord: it Ig Gii-l^)l^^ ii, .possible to 
collect such statistics dtV'Out ria]:in^'; I'list-kes. T^-'o results of t-"?. efforts 
to secure tha st-itistics are not hnoi/r: vet, bui: alroad^' it cin be said t' .t 
considering th'-^ inadequate ':2:it 3:'ialo, no clari c-.n be ;i-de oo one correctness. 
/\t the best, it can onl^' be -treated as -m approxii.rr'se estiroation of t::0 dif- 
fsi^ent nationalitieo fron v.-hich the '/reserit -oovyalatiori 1ms 3T)r''.nn:, 



The Inriif^r-ition L- v: of 1924 v/as based, for cart: m reasons, upon 'one un 
expressed int on.ion, of favorin^^ ii-iini^^ration fro..; Noroh, Centr'^l -ind VJestern 
3urope, and, on the other hand, oi. lii-:rGin.^ i;:e unuolGOi.:e elei:;ents of t}: 
rei'aainin-^ T^arts of "Europe. Afte.- n^anv \^ears of experience 
that the olavic and Ro:r'.n races h^ve out^ipoken difficulties in adapting; them- 
selves 'o the /U:i:ric'aa standard of livin'^:; an:! second, uhat they brinr; an 
element of unrest to thie couiitry, ■.'■' ich rxikes the life of ti'ose citizens -..hio 
are of different ori-^n, difficult. 

It is in the interest of the futur^^ dev.::lop .ent of the United St-ites to i;ive 
the Aiiierican Y^yiAo:x\xz ; a solid structure. Therefore, tl.e ./ise leaders of 

III Cr - 3 - 

I c' 

Abend20s;t, !hy 30, 1^26. W^A (!Lu PROJ, 30275 

the people /ill use consideratio::! i.-: sel3ctin:_;, among the prospective iini.ii- 
grants tho:e v;hos3 .'~:i:iiir.u'' types offer assurance of ruick assimilation. 

Apart fro::, cortriin narrov; strips of the union, •,;hich v/ere fr-rjt settled by 
Spaniards end 7r6nchr;ien, ohe iar:;e t nu.-.ber of the immigrants, since the 
discovery of \: eric^, consist mostly of r.enb3rs of the GerLinnic rci.ces, to 
'jhich the Irish, on accoiuTt o'l their u.ion with Gre-t j:or rr^any years, 
can be added. .■m:;lo-Saxons , jcotc, Irish, G^, Ic^ndinnvians, and butch 
supply the rrt-iin contin-ent of t'-e settlers u;oon '.:i.;rican soil. 

It is their descendants ho constitute ir:o3t of the Aiaerican population today; 
and if this type should not change considerably in the luxur-, the r.:ajority* 
of prospective Irr.iyr nts must be li.rjely of the same elements. 

But a sure basis for the calcula^.ion of imr:ii2;ra . ."^ on .aiotas for .he different 
nationalities m.ust be found; birt it v/ouid not do ::o prevent the othsr alurop- 
ean races entirel;^ from cominy to this country. Dr. Trevor, in his essay, "^ 
•*An Analysis of the 1rrric?in Immigration ;ct of 1924, *• published a tabulation 
of .:Uota3, as they, in -.11 probability v;ill be calculated on the basis of the 
law attacked by ConyressmG-n Douglas. Accordinyly, of the 150,000 ho jill be 
admitted ysarl;'^, 35,135 vould be under ti:e e^u^ylas of Grer.t Britain and Ilorth 


IILl • 4 - G3RI.IAN 
I C " 

Abendpost > May 30, 1926* WPA ('iL) FSOj. 50275 

Ireland* The quota of the Irish Free State vrould amount to 8,330, and that of 
Germany to 20,028, 

But every nationality would be granted the right, irrespective of the number 
settled here cdready, to contribute at least 100 immigrants. San Llarino, 
Andora, Lichtenstein, Llonaco, Liberia, and Abyssinia are all allowed to send 
100 immigrants each, yearly, to the United States. But if these little countries 
were to send their complete quotas over here for several years, they would, in 
a short time, not have any population left at all. 

It would, in fact, be much better for Congress to undertake once more a 
thorough consideration in regard to the question of quotas, to find some way 
of regulating them on a simpler and more suitable basis, according to the 
indicated directions. 

Ill r, 
I C 

I H Abendpost, lay 15, 1926. 




It is one of the everlastiig depravities of our patriotic official speakers, 
to inform a more or less interested public, that the people of Europe came 
to the shores of this country, because of their eagerness to participate in 
the blessings of our democratic institutions. Anyone v/ho is even slightly 
familiar with the history of immigration, realizes the nonsense of this 

Apart from a fev/ exceptions, the majority of immigrants came to this country 
only to improve their economic conditions. Formerly, the scale of economic^ 
prosperity of our country compared with that of various European countries 
could be easily measured by the number of immigrants from those countries. 
This of course was only posrjible as long as there were no restrictions on 

However, the nurriber of applications for permission to immigrate today pre- 
sents a very interesting picture of the economic conditions in the different 

^ III G - 2 - GHIRIiAN 


I C 

I H Abendpost,- Llay 15, 1926. ^,.,, 

countries. The reports of the consuls to the State department are prob- 
ably not quite correct, but in general give a reasonably credible picture 
of the state of affairs. The ntAmber of imiaigrants who can be admitted dur- 
ing the coming year amounts to 164,667; yet the number of those who are 
anxious to immigrate is ten times as large, namely: 1,619,000. 

The strange thing is that the requests from those countries that have the 
highest immigration quotas are the lowest • Those are the countries of north 
western Surope- Great Britain, Ireland, Scandinavia, Germany, and France. 
Great Britain and Scandinavia probably will fill their quotas, Germany, in 
all probability v/ill remain somewhat behind its ^uota, which gives an inter- 
esting illustration to the claim of the distressed economic condition of 
Germany. Still better off is the Irish Free State, which is allowed 28,567 
immigrants, and will probably only send 5,000. France, the destitute, which 
practically sacx^ificed its last sou upon the altnrs of the Fatherland and of 
revenge seems in spite of everything, .^uite able to support its children in 
a splendid manner, as only 1,500 Frenchmen desire admittance, while 3,954 
can be admitted. 

And now the reverse side of the medal. There is Italy with a quota of only 

Ill G - 3 - GSR-^N 

I C 

I H Abendpost , Mp.y 15, 1926. WPA (ilU pKOi.2U27b 

3,815, and a half-million applications to imijigrate. It is no v/onder that 
Mussolini is seeking colonies because the necessity of finding territory in 
which to dispose of its tremendous surplus of population is apparent. :.Ir« 
Masaryk*s em^Dire, Czecho-Slovakia, and Poland, each submitted lists of appli- 
cation for admittance, reaching a total of r^ quarter of a million; yet only 
3,077 and 5,982 immigrants respectively c-n be admitted from those countries. 
The quotas of the Balkan countries likewise amount to only a small percent- 
age of the number of those desiring admission. 

If the economic conditions of !3urope are indicated by these members, then 
France, the Irish Free State and Germr^ny enjoy the greatest prosperity, with 
Great Britain and the Sc^\ndinavian countries close behind, in contrast with 
the other countries which are in terrible condition. That especially is 
true of the countries v;hich were erected upon the ruins of the Double Mon- 
archy. Appnrently, they do not S'?em to enjoy their youn,^ freedom and nation- 
al independence, since millions of their subjects have the urgent desire to 
exchange their glorious liberated Fatherland for the productive country of 
the Dollar, beyond the Atlantic. 



I C Abendpost , Oct. 17, 1925. 

ILflnCrRiTI^N ON TII3 ^7AN3 


In our democratic land v;e have, as is well known, an aristocracy com- 
posed of laembers of families descended from the Pilgrim fathers, i»e« from 
the passengers on the "Mayflower *• • Aboard the latter there arrived in 1620, 
from across the ocean, forty-one families comprising about one hundred 
persons. Of these, several perished during the very first winter from the 
rigors of the weather. A few years agq when the tercentenary of the ••Kay- 
flower" voyage was celebrated, a serrch was made for the living descendants 
of these first immigrants, and the surprising result came to light that 
these families are dying out. Should their decline continue at the same rate, 
their descendants still living in 1950 would be able to return to Jlurope in 
a ship the size of the old "Mayflower" (180 tons). 

A person who has never occupied himself with the study of immigration and /f^ ^-p^^ c 
the movements of our population might very well be astounded at this remark-lo^'^-'^- ^ 

Ill G 

- 3 - 

Ab9ndioost> Oct. 17, 1925 


able fact. For the student or stich matters it is still of interest, but 
it hardly presents anything new. He knov/s that the population of our coun- 
try has, from its very beginnings, increased riore through iriimigration than 
in a natural way. Vithout doing injustice to the true merits of the pioneers 
of the HIast and V/est, the historian, even if he happens to ba a dyed-in-the- 
wool, one hundred vter cent '"^TordiC Airier ic an > cannot deny the fact that with- 
out continuous ii7ir:iigration the United States would not be the foremost and 
wealthiest country in the vjorld today. It took the v/ork, the sv/eat, the 
blood of the masses of iinmigrants to nake ximerica what it is. Yet, the 
American nobility and their blood relatives have proffered their thanks to 
the immigrant in mere homeopathic doses, reluctantly, and, often enough, in 
an offensive way. 

How many history textbooks used in our schools give due recognition to the 
fact that not only Americans of dlnglish extraction but also those of other 

Ill - 3 - • Gaa!.UN 

III D ~ 

I C Abend post , Oct. 17, 1925. 

origin aided George .Washington in freeing t£e colonies from England? The 
Gennans v/ere a^riong the first to fight for /AmericanZ indeoendence. They 
fled from the tyranny of their domestic princes to t^ie land of freedom 
with the deliberate intention never to submit to ne?/ oppression. They 
were settled alon^; the Indian border and v/ere then used in the war against 
the Indians and the French. They were thus skilled in the use of arms, 
and they fought for their ne-; country. Ge.-mans were among the first who 
opposed slaveholding and were it not for the sizable participation of 
Germans, the Civil V/ar night not have been decided so soon. It might have 
been protracted for inany more years without success to either side, to 
the detriment of t::e people who suffered heavily from the losses in men, 
from the cost of the war, and from the scarcity of food. 

Vifhere would the United States be today v/ithout the active co-operati ju in 
the fields or science, art, technology, industry, and commerce of all those ^-*:: 

who have come here in the continuous flow of iinmigration? Just one glance /VP v;^ 

into the puritanical darkness in which some Nev; ilngland provincial towns (3 ^^^^A '^ 

I^I Cr - 4 - G3RLIAN 

I C Abendpost . Oct. 17, 1925. 

are still enveloped is enough to answer the question, \He are not indebted 
to the descendants of the Mayflower passengers for the fact that the United 
States today occupies a leading place in technology, industry, and commBrce; 
we owe it rather to the streams of immigrants which have poured into the 
country since the "ilayflower** arrived. 

;Vhat our nation is now doing in the fields of science and art, it likewise 
learned from these immigrants. Names from the American aristocracy occur 
only sporadically in these fields. Vi/hat those brave pioneers had to work 
hard for fell right into the laps of their descendants. The latter waxed 
rich because their wealth kept increasing without any exertion on their part 
as the country and its population grew, and also because they were in the 
fortxinate position of being able to exploit the work and brawn of the immi- 
grants to their own advantage. Their forefathers had to gain their liveli- 
hood in a hard, wearisome struggle with the soil and with the Indian, but 
they ^he descendants/^ let others do the work and enjoy life as well or as 
badly as they know how. Ras anybody ever seen a hundred per cent '♦Nordic'* _ 

Ill G - 5 - GgRI.!AIJ 


I G Abendpost , Oct. 17, 1925. 

American pull a load, shine shoes, work as a switclunan, dig coal, smelt iron, 
or blow glass? The heavy, dirty work is not for the aristocrats For such 
work we have the plebeians who must also be pennittsd to live since, after all, 
they are needed for political purposes. 

In the face of these incontestable facts one may with some anxiety anticipate 
the time when there will not be enough immigrants to do the despised heavy 
work. The moment is perhaps not very distant, as one may readily see upon 
slight investigation. According to statistics the excess of iimaigrants over 
emigrants was still 630,107 in 1923/24. But in the last fiscal year, 1924/ 
25, the net gain in prospective citizens dropped to 201,585 — a result of 
the recent restrictions imposed upon immigration^ Many countries failed to 
supply the quota of immigrants allowed them by law. For example, only eighty- 
three per cent of those permitted to come from Czechoslovakia have actually 
immigrated to this country; only eighty-nine per cent of G^rman;>'*s quota, 
eighty-seven per cent of Great Britain's, and ninety- four per cent of Sweden's 
have been filled. r'^^v 

•■ ~^ tfi U f n't 

HIlI - 6 - GBRMAN 

I C Abendpost. Oct. 17, 1925. 

But it is of greater significance, as noted by the Nation, that while 6,203 
Italians immigrated ^o this countrj^T^ during the last year, there were 27, 
151 who returned to their homeland. This backward flow of emigration is 
also manifest among other nationalities. This movement, the causes of which 
we will not go into now, is on the increase. It is thus possible that the 
current or the following year may even witness a deficiency in place of an 
excess of immigrants /over emigrant^. 

Ill G 


Abendpost^ Oct. 4, 1925# 


IWo-Year-Cld Girl, Vfliose Parents Had Been ^ 

Admitted to Country, Is to be Sent Back ^ 

Dr» F. R. lifcehlhaus, a physician, v/ho came here two years ago, has received ^^ 

the information that his two-year-old daughter, Rea llaria, is to be 3 

regarded as a foreigner and, for this reason, can be admitted here as a 2 

visitor only. The child will have to be sent back to Germany soon after ^ 

Christmas, while the parents may stay in the country. ^ 

Ill G 

III G (Polish) 
III G (Russian) 
III G (Jewish) 
III G (Italian) 


Abendpo st , July 28, 1925 


^FA (ILL.) PRO ', 302/b 

Fred !• Scholtfeldt, Ifetiiralization Commissioner, has announced that l^st 
year 13,355 persons became American citizens in Chicago, of v/hora 40 per cent 
or 4,305 are Poles. The Russians follow with 2,078. In third place are the 
Italians with 1,669. The number of Germans who were naturalized in the last 
year was 619, compared v/ith 588 in the previous year. Austria contributed 
270 and Switzerland 32 new citizens • 

Ill Cr GER:.:W 

II B 2 d (1) 
II A 3 b 
II B 1 a 

II 3 5 


III F Abendpo srt , \u^. 22, 1924. 

Ill D 


I F 4 

I C BY DR. Gj]0RG3 L. 3CH :RG:i:R. 

The contribution of the Gerrmn-lueric*~;ns is certainly of the utmost importance^ 
They form the Irirgest sin -le element of the non-ii^nglish groups. Perh?.ps half a 
million of Chica;;;o's total population is of German ancestry. Chicago has always 
been classed with Cincinnati ^nd Lilv/aukee for its German complexion. The first 
German to settle in Chicago as early as 1831 v/as the baker and grocer Llathias 
Lieyer, the second ;/'^s laorris I^umgarten. /ifter the Black Hawk war Chicago grev/ 
rapidly, having a population of 4,170 in 1837 v/hen it received its charter. 
Among these v/ere several Germans, most of v;hom had cor:e from iuffalo and Detroit 
and lived on the north side, then clled New Buffalo or jutch settlement. Several 
Germans also lived on the South side. On January 1st, 1839, a German Protestant 
church v/as organized with 16 m.erabers and 67 souls. There must havo been just as 
many Catholics as Protestants of Germ^\n origin at that date. The Chicago direct- 
ory of 1893 contains 62 German names. Among these are the names of IJicolas 



'^ VO; 

Abendpost , Aug, 22, 1924. 

Breudel, the first German justice of peace who cp^me to Chicago in 18b6 as the 
leader of a circus band and was the best knov/n music imster until 1851. John B. 
Busch who \ms the first German blacksmith v/ho left a fortune at his death. Tifa 
find several of these names on the list of members who established St. Paul's 
EvangeliC'l church. Between 1839 and 1842 the population of Chicago increased 
very slowly, by only a few hundred. But at the end of the forties by thousands. 
It WIS in 1848 and 1849, after the Germ?in revolutionary movements thnt Gerirans 
came in large nUi'iibers, so that by 1853 there were over 22,000 Germc^.n inhs-bitants 
in Chicago. At first the Clerm<an element see^ied very shy and lacking in leadership, 
but in 1843 the Germans held their first political meeting in Cliicngo, Karl Sauter 
presiding. The afterwards so famous Germa.n leader Gustav Koerner of Beiieville, 
then a member of the Il-.inois legislature, v/as congratulated on -lis stand in 
reg:^ rd to the Illinois and I:ichi5:an canal. In 1844 another OermL.n meeting v/as 
held in which sharp attacks were made on the knovz-nothing party. In 1846 the 
first German newspaper, known as the Chicago V olksfreund v/as issued, v/hich 
issued, changed into the Illinois Staats Zeitun^ under the ler^dership of George 



Abendpost ^ Aug. 22, 1924, 

Schneider and v/hich v;as for mny years a nev;spaper of extro.ordinary pov/er and 
value. The early Gernirins took little interest in politics but after 1848 a 
superior type of GerwD.n immigrants came, men of superior education, men of the 
type of Carl Schurz and Gustav Koerner. The bigotry and fury of the knovy-nothing 
party organized to fi^^ht foreign influence, aroused their violent opposition. 
Then cnme the repe* 1 of "ohe i.assouri-conpronise and the Kansas-'lebraska Bill. 
Almost to a man the Germ- n element opposed this and became strongly anti-slavery. 
It was Gerrnans like Koerner and ochurz who were from the first staunch supporters 
of Abriham Lincoln and who had a decisive influence in helping nominate him for 
the presidency when the Republic n convanbion took place in the './igwam at Chicago. 
V/hen the Civil Jar broke out the German element sent its sons to fight for the 
North. It was especially the Geruan Turners with their fine training who helped 
save the Union. The history of the German Turners is of grea-" interest. Organ- 
ized by Turn-father John in order to build up the strength of Prussia in her 
fight against Napoleon; the first men to bring this movement to A:.ierica v/ere tv/o 
German students, Karl Follen and Karl Beck. They established the first system of 
gymnastic training in America. Follen subsequently became a famous professor and 
preacher at Harvard Universioy where he t'mght the first German classes in America. 



Abendpost , Au^, 22, 1924. 

Physically -ind inoellecbually these thousands of Turners formed a remarkable body 
of men, filled v/ith courage and self esteem and exerting a great influence in 
Chicago. It was these men who four;:ht so bmvely in the Civil .Var that the wife 
of Jefferson Davis said to Karl Schurz long after the war v/as over, that without 
their help the North v/ould not have v/on the v/ar. They laid the foundation for 
athletics in which America is today too greatly interested and were the first people 
in modern days to develop physical culture in the spirit of the ancient Greeks. 
Along v/ith these we must emphasize their love of freedom and individualism, which 
strengthened our Americanism. 

The Germans have sur^^assed all other racial groups in their cultivation of music 
and their part in the development of the musical life of Chicago is surpassed by 
no other element. 

In 1869 Chicago ha.d reached a population of 1:73, 000, There was a wonderful pros- 
perity in -vhich Germans shared. I.hny public offices were then held by Geri-ian- 
Americans. Gustave Fischer was sheriff in 1868, General Salomon, clerk of the 



Abendpost , Aug. 22, 1924. 

county court and many more. The Gerioan element has become more thoroughly Ainer* 
icanized than 'my other un-I^nglish group except the ocandinavians. Their Ameri' 
canism Ihs been that of .Vashington, «^efierson, V.'ebster, and Lincoln, American 
ideals of liberty and democracy had a strong appeal for them. The German ideal- 
ism has vastly benefited and inspired America and Chicago in the past. The Ger- 
man-American must not drop the torch he has held uplifted or allow the light to 
grow dimi 

Ill G 


Sonntagpost , July 27, 1924. 



According to a cablegram from the management of the North German Lloyd, 
we are informed that the first quota passengers of this company have 
embarked for New York on the steamship **Columbus,^ the largest and fastest 
German vessel. The arrival is scheduled for August 1, Brooklyn, Pier 4, 
foot of 58th Street. This represents the first group of the German quota 
passengers. The North German Lloyd spares neither time nor money to 
facilitate the procuring of the necessary visas for the travelers, and 
also attends to the many nev; formalities. 

The far-reaching agencies of this organization in Germany have been definitely 
instructed to give all possible assistance to the holders of "prepaid" pass- 
enger tickets, and the succeeding arrivals of ships will prove that the efforts 
of the company in providing rapid, unhampered transportation have not been in 

Ill G 



SonntaCT03t> J xily 20, 1924 • 



That the German element in the United States constitutes a much larger 
part of the population than appears in our various statistics, is often 
not taken cognizance of, especially by those who are most concerned. 
This is a fact, nevertheless. Most of the statistical works only con- 
sider as Germans those who came from Germany or those whose parents 
came to this co\intry from there. This, of course, is a mistake. We 
should classify as German all those who are of German descent and who 
have been directly influenced by Gei-man culture. Sm examination of the 
European map will show what this definition really means. Throughout 
Eastern and Southeastern Europe, from the .ihite Sea to the Caspian and 

Ill Gr 



Sonntagpost , July 20, 1924* 

Black Seas, one finds smaller and lar.^er German settlements, where the 
higher German civilization maintains itself amidst people of a lower 
culture. The former lands of the Hapsburg ref-ime, Austria, Hun^ar^?", Galizia, 
Siebenbuergen, Bucovina, and even Rumania, Bulgaria and i5uropean 
Turkey, are covered v/ith small patches of Germans. The millions of 
Germans in Switzerland and Bohemia may be mentioned to comi^lete the picture. 

But vath that v;e have by no means exhausted the countries of orif^:in which 
comprise the German element in ^jnerica. Hardly has any national group cone 
to the ilmerican shores but v/hat it included adherents of a Teutonic 
cultural alliance* It is undoubtedly astounding, but according to the 
census of 1920, not less than 21,997 persons, subjects of German culture, 

Ill G 

- 3 - 


Sonntagpost , July 20, 1924 • 

came from France to settle in America. And they are not all Alsatians 
and Lorrainians who, after the war, were disgusted with the French 
administration and thus forsook their n^itive soil to seek their for- 
tune elsev;here; to the contrary, very fev/ of this class have appeared 
here, because France is providing all possible difficulties to prevent 
such an emigration. France follows this policy, as formerly, in view of her 
declining birth-rate. The Germans coming from France lived there long 
before the last war, and the migratory instinct, v/hich peiroeates so 
many of this race, prompted them to cross the ocean. The German spreads 
his culture from Central iilurope to all parts of the continent and also 
tp other parts of the world. Colonies of Germans can be found in South 
America, -rlfrica, and Asia; yet, the German retains his own customs, his 
civilization, considering it as the higher accomplishment. 

Ill G 


- 4 - 


Sonntagpost , Jiily 20, 1924* 

An easier assimilation manifests itself only with races that have a 
common root, like the Scandinavians, Dutch, and English. Thus one finds 
that the German among the Latin and Slavic races maintains his culture, 
bequeathing it to his offspring for centuries, in spite of harrowing 
antagonism; whereas, when he lives with related nations, Germanism is 
soon absorbed, often v;ithin a few genei^tions. 

Therefore, if people of the Romance countries, Slavs or similar districts, 
come to the United States and declare that German is their mother tongue, 
then we do not err by including them as Germans. On this score, however, 
many of our statistical records lead us astray. As an example, it is 
claimed that 3,694 German farmers live in North Dakota. Any one who is 
conversant with conditions there and knows what a large percentage of 
Germans are among the population, will not believe such statements. 

Ill G 


- 5 - 


Sonntagpost , July 20, 1924. 

particularly when he is confronted with the report that 8,590 Russian- 
bom farmers settled in that State • 3verything is accurate in due conformity 
to reliable statistics; . the n\inber of Germans and the Russians bom 
in their coimtry, all of it tallies. But the impression derived there- 
from is totally misleading, because the thousands of native Russian 
farmers and live stock breeders of the Northv/est, are i.iostly Gennans who 
came from the countless German settlements in Russia. Therefore, one 
does not hear the Russian language there, but German is spoken eyerywhere, 
although it is gradually being displaced by the ethnologically related 

According to the 1920 census, there were 2,267,128 foreign born Germans 
in the United States; yet, it is highly probable that this number is 

Ill G 

- 5 - 

Sonntagpost , July 20, 1924, 


far too low, because the count v;as made at a tine vihen many Germans, due 
to business and other reasons, considered it inopportune to admit their 
nationality. Of this number, only 72 percent were born in ^rermany, i.e., 
1, '641, 482, The following countries are listed: From Austria, 201,603; from 
Russia, 16,535; from Switzerland (only those who sneak German), 97,087; from 
Hungary, 76,847; from Poland, 38,179; from Frnnce, 21,997; Ozecho-Slovakia, 
16,446; from Canada, 11,136; from Luxemburg (Northwestern Germany), 10,844; 
from Rumania, 8,167; from Jugo-Slavia, 7,787; etc. 

From this, one mip:ht assume that refrardlecs of the restricted immigration 
nuotas for the various nations and the approximately 5^^,000 Germans who 
entered the United States, the actual amount of German-speaking peonle 
and propap-ators of German culture, must have been near the hundred thousand 


- ^Ik ?' 

, III G >^_ 

I L 

Abendpost, July 3, 1924, 


The agent of a German steaioship company makes the Interesting prophesy , that very 
80on a large part of the German inimigrants will devote their efforts to farming in 
the New .Hingland states ^ especially to the cultivation of fruit and vegetables • The 
agent visited all the great industrial centers and the surrounding farm districts* 
He is convinced, that these districts can absorb almost the whole quota of German 
immigrants which will amount according to the new laws, to 45,000 people* These 
suppositions are not unjustified* 

The farmers in Western and Central Europe are accustomed to intensive methods, and 
such methods are especially necessary in New England* The accessibility of the 
neighborhood markets increased immensely, because of the phenomenal growth of the 
cities, and the distance is shortened through plans to build county roads and 
through the use of automobiles* The habits of hard work and economy and the habits 
of working Joixriily should be added, are advantages irtiich are readily expected of the 
German Immigrant* 

It is also encouraging for them, that other immigrants who were not quite so fitted 

III G -2- 

Abendp08t > July 3, 1924. 

for farming were successful in i>iew 3ngland« 

Several centuries ago, farms Tihich were deserted by the descendants of former colon- 
ists, or were sold at a ridiculously low price, were obtained by bcandinavian immi* 
granrts. Later Italians and Poles followed and finally Russian Jews. 

But although New England is sxaall, billy, rocky, sandy and swampy, yet it always had 
also much fertile, productive and easily accessible lands, whose cultivation would 
return a plentiful profit • 

Uany descendants of the former colonists are still farming, and undoubtedly would 
work the farms much more intensively, if they could employ the necessary help* 
lliose German immigrants, iriio are willing to manage imow iiingland farms, but are not 
in the position to buy a farm, will find plenty of opportunity for work upon other 
farms • 


Abendpost , June 27, 1924 • 



The new iiranigration law which, to be s\ire, does not become effective until 
JtiLy 1, and v/hich has been casting its shadows for a long time now, will in 
all probability fulfill its purpose, which is to hinder immigration as much 
as possible • Ever since the interested organizations made a thorough study 
of its passages it turned out that, in the shape finally given it by Congress, 
it possesses a ntimber of sharp edges which had never been discussed in 
public at the time it was debated • It will render immigration into the 
United States difficult* 

One of the clauses is, for example that only as many visas may be given as 
the nation in question is allotted in the nuoiber of its emigrants* Whether 
the receivers of the visas afterward have the intention to immigrate remains 
imconsidered* In such manner it may occur that American consular authorities 

ni - 2 - A.9 . ^o\ GERMAN 

Abandpost t June 27, 1924. 

haTe glTen Tisas to the bluest number of legally admissible immig2?ants» and 
yet the highest number of immigrants has not been attained • For, in place of 
unused visas which have lost their validity , no other visas may be issued to 
prospective emigrants • In this manner , the number of immigrants from all 
countries, it may be presumed, will remain short of the legally admissible 
number* Whether this cxinningly devised finesse was, right from the start, 
designed to restrict immigration, or whether it was, in a way, manipulated into 
the bill as a ** Joker** during the last conference, it would be interesting to 
find out. But, be it as it may, this rule, which is not in keeping with the 
letter of the law, should be the topic of serious objections in Congress. 

Another hardship lies in the compulsion to pay ten dollars in duties for each 
immigration visa. Now, if the family of a German farmer of five wants to come 
over to be employed in agriculture, the ^paterfamilias" must first deposit 
fifty honest dollars upon Uncle Sam*s table before he and his folks are 
given pezmission to travel to the promised Icmd* Does the immigration of a 

Ill G - 3 - /(j^ 1: CaSRMAN 

'-6 rtiA. .. 

Abendpoet , June 27, 1924, > 

family actually cause so much expense to our authorities, or are we dealing 
here witn a mere scheme to lower the number of immigrants? Fifty dollars is,. 
for most prospective immigrants who have to convert all they own into money to 
come here, an enoxmous sum* One should think that they could make better use 
of the money on arriving* Uncle Sam certainly does not need it half as much as 

Unjust and inconsiderate, in the long run, is the demand that all those who had 
before been given a visa for the price of ten dollars, should shell out another 
ten dollars when they apply for a new visa* These people had procured their 
first visas in accordance with the then existing rules and trusted in its 
validity, and it appears to be not quite in order that it should now be declared 
invalid without returning to them the duties paid. 

Owing to the delay in the publication of executive ordinances pertaining 
to the new law, considerable loss has accrued to many a prospective 
immigrant by having to wait for the issuance of these ordinances, because 

Ill G -4- /o v^^ GEHUAN 

Abendpost , June 27, 1924# 

no American consul may grant an immigration visa until he has received 
notice of this ordinance from the government. And all this x^ile the 
emigrant sits there and eats up his money with which he intended to journey 
to his new homeland. That the ship companies ai^e likewise gravely affected 
throtigh the delay nay here be mentioned only in passing. It is high time 
that an end should be made to the general uncertainty. 

Ill G 

Abendpost . Apr* 3, 1924* 

GERMAN ,■ V ^\ 


Situation not Yet Clarified. 

The dilatory political tactics pursued by the leaders of the House of 
Representatives in dealing with the immigration bill have given rise to a 
strong feeling of disgust on the part of the opponents of the measure* 
Ibey have become convinced that the discussion of the bill was again post-* 
poned for the sole purpose of inconveniencing Congressman A« J. Sabath of 
Chicago and others who would like to leave Washington. 

Primary elections will take place in Illinois on next Tuesday. Sabath is 
a candidate for renomination and he would like to come home to cast his 
ballot. But he let it be known today that he would remain at his post and 
support the opponents of the bill in their fight against the measure. The 
friends of the bill are not to be allowed to succeed in their aim to get 
rid of him /Sabath JT^y the use of dilatory tactics. 

Ill G - 2 - GERMAN 


Abendgost, Apr. 3, 1924. 

Sabath further declared that the propaganaa to restrict immigration is aided 
and abetted by British interests. These circles believe that Britain will 
get away with the lion^s share of the immigration quota if the determination 
of the number of admissible immigrants from every nation is based on the 
census of 1890. This would mean that the income of British shipping com- 
panies woxild be correspondingly increased. 

In the minority report suDmitted by Sabath and other opponents of the 
Johnson Bill, the chief complaint is that the measure is primarily directed 
against emigrants from Southern E\irope. The report contains a table which 
shows that of the many censuses which might have served as the basis for 
determining the number of immigrants, there is not one which gives Geimany 
greater advantages than that of 1890, the census chosen in the Johnson Bill. 

Sabath figured out that based on the census of 1890, the German quota would 
amount to 45,229; based on that of 1900 the quota would amount to 43,081; 
and on that of 1910, to 40,172; and on that of 1920, to only 28,705. The 
Congressman from Chicago bases his opposition against restricting immigra- 
tion from southern Europe on the fact that during the last few years 

• • • to 


- 3 - 

Abendpost . Apr. 3, 1924, 


/ U. ,(■ r. ? ,. 1 

• - - \' t- . ''-1 
»-■•'■. f 

500,000 American Negroes have left the South to come North, and that E\iro- 
pean labor is needed to fill their places. In addition, he cites the 
protests from forty manufacturers • organizations against restriction of 

The whole question of immigration is still in a state of chaos, despite the 
fact that the House is about to accept the Johnson Bill or a similar meas\ire. 
The present law remains in force until June 30, and no one can foresee what 
measure Congress will enact in its stead* 

Those in favor of restricting inimigration have made so many changes in the 
original form of the /"johnson^/ Bill that the latter has now become a re- 
gular patchwork • The bill that will be accepted in the Senate will be so 
basically different from that passed by the House that Congressional 
committees of both Houses will be compelled to debate for houis \intil a 
bill is agreed upon which could be submitted to the President for his sig- 
nature • 



V A 1 Abendpost , April 2, 1924. 


(Dr, H. H. lifeturer Speaks About Gerraan-AmericHn Past. 

X/^ Interesting Lecture,) 

••Seriousness and cheerfulness of the Genaan-American past*' could the lecture, which 
lasted almost two hours, be csdled, which Dr. H. H. Liaurer held yesterday evening, 
before an interested audience, in the large hall of the Lincoln ulub# While Dr. 
Maurer, in his yesterday's speech, limited it to the period of German-American his- 
tory, up till the arrival of '*the 48-er's'*, he will lecture of later events up to 
the present time in his second speech on April 15th. 

The German immigration in America, he stated, was never steady and even, but oc- 
curred so to say in waves, which v/ere caused by drastic expressions of Imperials, 
across the ocean. The first such wave was caused through the invasion of the 
Palatinate by Louis the Fourteenth, ^ich brought it about that 250,000 German 
immigrants came to the North American continent. Further mass immigrations from 
German domains were due to the Napoleonic wars, the spy system of Uetterinch, 
and the events of the year 1848. 

Industry, honesty, and cleanliness were characteristics which the Germans brought 


I C 

- 2 - 

Abendpost, April 2, 1924, 



with them and introduced it in their new home. They combined with is a love 
for cheerfulness I sociability, emd corporeal pleasures, which were, according 
to the views of their neighbors, in strong contrast with the puritan ways 
of England* An earlier immigrant from Germany was surprised at this contrast, 
and induced him to make the remarks ^^The Americans know no pleasures. What are 
they doing, when they meet? They sit around a fire and spit 2^ 



Abendpostt Sept* 28, 1923* ^^^^^ O^U PROj s^^_ 


The Gernans form the largest foreign born constituent part of the rural population of 
our cotuitry* This is especially noticeable in the northeast section of the United 
States. Very large comnsunities of Germans are being found in New York, Buffalo, 
Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, Chicago, St* Louis and Milvaukee* The largest district 
which contains a thickly settled GeriOBn population is to be found in the eastern 
part of the state of Visconsin} a state, in iftiich, for half a century, the Germans 
according to their number, have been of great importance* 

The southern part of Minnesota, Iowa, and the eastern part of Nebraska show large 
sections of German rural populations* In every state of the union not less than 
a thousand Germans are among the rural population* The settlements in Texas and 
along the Pacific cocuit are very important* With the exception of Great Britain, 
the German immigration in many parts of the United States is just as old, as from 
other parts of Europe* Many parts of the United States showed at the time of the 
beginning an outspoken German character* The largest portion of the German immi- 
gration poured into this country around the latter half of the 19th century* 



I III Q -2- 

Abendpoat^ Sept> 28. 1923^ K^f^ (IIU PROJ.JC^/:. 

In 1854, 215,000 Germans landed in the United States* This vas the height of a 
wsLYBf iri^ich only in later years (1882) wbls surpassed, as the immigration from Ger«- 
many reached a qtiarter of a million* Because the immigration on a large scale 
kept on going over half a century, Germanism in the United States is represented 
by a solid settled German population, in it being many, nho spent practically their 
whdle life here, and who have many American descendants* 

Because of these conditions it is not surprising that an important part of the 
GermEoi population is rural* It is however noteworthy, that the lack of foreign 
rural population in the south, bases itself upon the very old element of the rural 
population* The competition with negro labor kept foreign immigrants of all countries 
away, and prevented them from settling in the south* 



W?A (!LL) PROJ. 30275 

Abendpost , July 26, 1923. 


Out of the yearly tabulation of the General Gomirdssioner of Iiainigr^ition, interesting 
figures can be quoted, v^ich are referring to the latest iinniigration and emigration 
of Geraans in the United States. The report, of course, embodies only the fiscal 
year of JUI3/ 1st, 1920 to June 30^h, 1921 • Durinc thtit tine 7,321 immigrants and 
visitors from Germany came to the United States; 6,014 ^^ent back to Germany, there- 
fore^ onlv 1,307 more Germans fro- Germ^my imiiirrated to this country than those who 
emigrated. . lilntirely different is the relation to the Aus"&rians ana 5vviss, 5,045 
Ausurif-ms ira:ni?rrated to this country 'ind onlv 1,511 eml^-rated, 7,631 Sv/iss imiai- 
grated and only 1,518 emigrv'ted. These f i -ures are different, when race or people, 
and not t?ie nationality is considered; there v/e find that 17, 764 more Germans 
irrjnigrated than emigr-^ted. This classification v/ill be observed in laost tabula- 
tions. 183 Germans from all countries could neither' v/r it e nor read. About half 
paid their ov/n faros, the other half had their journey paid by their relatives. 
The inajority of the iramigr'mts v/ere on the ^-va^;- bo to their relatives. Of the 
GerrtEins who emigrated, three fourths v/ere betv/een the age of sixteen and forty-four 
years. Most of them hxid been in the United States about five to ten years. 
1,295 had ^^Q^n in the United States one to fifteen years; 423, fifteen to twenty 

Ill G 

Voendpost, July 26, 1923 


WPA (ILL) PROJ^ 30275 

years, 'ind 374, over 20 years, ''ost of those Oermc.ns ./ho \7ere admitted went to 
following str.tes: California 1,366; Illinois, 2,672; .dchigun, 1,335; Mew Jo^sey, 
1|703; New York, 5,804; Ohio, 2,672; Pennsylvania, 2,022; .;iBconsin, 1,495* 
According oo their professions most of chem were servants, laborers, and farmers; 
others v/ere: 17 actors, 61 teachers, 19 ministers, 49 musicians, 6 government offi- 
cials, 9 artists and 1 edit or • > 


Ill G 

II B 2 d (1) 



Abendnost, July 22, 1923. 

tiij: sjTTtlsiis of T:Ir^ :.uART:i:R3 of a cj::jtury 

Three c^unrters of n century is a Ion:: time I Indefinite h:ippenin,n;s envelope it, 
especin.lly in the last 75 years. Je only have to consider our ov/n Chicago and 
Cook County, of its raany changes v/hich took place in this seerrdn;3l3r long time, but 
in the history of the v/orld only a short time. 

Not so lonr: aro, oictures of tiie old Chic r'o, the orranization of the Lincoln Pai'k 
etc., were oublishad in the Abendoost. Today* a 'lerrnan f-'mil:-, v/ho exactly 75 a> o, settled in Cook county and v;ho developed into a widely branched 
family, she'll be honored in print. From the family of Johann Friedrich Busse, of 
sturdy lov/ Gerinan extr-^ction, 143 f riilies descended. All, except six, are living 
in Cook county; The development of Johannes x'riedrich "ucoe and his descendents 
is a .rlorif ication of the German name; if all deeds v/ere ..-jade known, then the 
people first would realize how imiinense the accom.plishments of the cultural work of 
the Germn immigrants have been, and still are. Tiie great r;rand father of tlie nov; 
living gener'^tion, originf^ted from Hanover, Germany. He \ms born in 1800. He 
served in the German arm.y. After .^uitting his military services and returning to • 
civilian life, Busse, as a real and true farmer's son, took over the farmx of his 
old parents and married. Six children were bori'. A son lleinrich imr.iigrated in 1840 




{'. Wk 


Abendpost, Jxxly 22, 1923. 

to America. He settled in ./isconsin, A year later his live other brothers and sis- 
ters followed, also his pa.rents. They went to Jlk Grove, on the outskirts of 
Chic^.go. Th3 neighborhood at this tine consisted of heavy grov-dihs of timber, but 
a few Gerriian settlers v/ere there already, also pro^-ressiye villages like Des Plaines, 
Wheelin.-^, :.alfvr.y, and Miles Center; but in comparison to the present time, the 
territory v;as thinly settled. Tor miles there v; s nothinf^; but thick ;vood3, where 
today are bloominr, fields. Iininense pioneer work w^-is accomplished. Hard 7/ork and 
little pay, but a free life and alnost without worries, these were the characteristics 
of the settlers of those dnys, and of later years. A visit through these settle- 
ments at the present time, will p:ive proof of the prosperity of its ovmer^. The 
numerous little villages which are located near by Chicago baars witness of real 
and solid v;ealth and comfort. 

The settlement: 

The new imraigr-'nts obtained from Samuel Page a farm for $2,500.00. ..'ith h-^rd work 
and endurance the family progressed and developed, so that nov/, it is branched out 
far and wide. 



^benvlpost ^ cjuly 2?.^ 1923. 





At the age of 77 years, after a life of hard labor, but :>lso rich oi blessings, 
the senior of tlie family Busse passe.; a\7ay. A year later his '.vife follov/ed hiin. 
Of their children none is alive any :r.ore, only the 77 year old v/idov/ of the son 
Ludv/ig, Vxs. Christina Busse, who is a member of the Counoy aaministration of many 
years standing. ui uncle of the last named, Christicin Busso, v/as al^o a member of 
the county administration and of the states equalizauion council. 

The fnmily Busse not only cultivated a family life of true Creri.aan fashion, but also 
participated in all mutu-^1 undert'3kin3s and in public life, liiny confidential 
offices of the numerous towns and tov/nships ware occupied by different members of 
the family • 

Of the 45 grand children of Johann Friedrich and Johanne 3uss3, 36 are living, and 
they ag^in v/ith their children's children \/ill come together to celebrate "uhe 75th 
anniversary of the immigration and settlei-^ent of the grandparents, ./ioh a basket 
picnic. To the founders of the St. Johannes church the grand oarents ?>usse also 
belonrred. The s'neechos will be held both in Zenmn and in "nr:lish. 


Ill G 


Abendpoat , Nov. 13, 1919. 



There is a plan to restrict Immigration to the United States temporarily, to 
give the various nationality groups in this country a chance for assimilation 
and adjustment • Whether a measure of this kind would really speed the pro- 
cess of assimilation remains an open question for the time being; there are 
many arguments, pro and con« But in this connection it may be of interest ^ 
to review the trends of immigration and its composition daring the last one ^- 
hundred years. One of the latest editions of the official Commercial Reports 
contains an interesting compilation of valuable data on this subject. 

Prom the year 1820 until now, altogether a little over thirty-three million 
people have come to the New World. More than twenty-nine and ons-half million 




Ill G - 2 - GERt^AN 


Abendpoat « Nov. 13, 1919. 

came from iilurope, almost two million from Canada, and about three quarters of 
a million from Asia. The United Kingdom contributed the major portion of the 
number from Europe. But that does not mean that the majority of immigrants 
were Englishmen. Only 2,434,144 Englishmen came over during the last century ^ 
to make this country their permanent residence; whereas the number of German ^ 
immigrcmts from the Reich or from countries which later became a part of Ger- "p 
many, amounted to 5,494,638— *far more than twice as much. This indicates that r; 
during the last one hundred years the Germans have contributed much more to -o 
the population, settlement, and development of this country than the Anglo- o 
Saxon element, which persists in attempting to be the determining factor on L> 
all issues. Even little Ireland sent many more immigrants to the United § 
States than the overpopulated England. Not less than 4,348,759 Irish landed 
on American shores during the last century. If one considers that the popu- 
lation of Ireland, according to the 1911 census, was only 4,390,219, the num- 
ber of Irish emigrating to the United States is truly amazing. The fact that 


Ill G - 3 - ca3g>IAN 

Abendpost , Kov# 13, 1919. 

so many Irish people left their native land points clearly to the tyrannical 
British rule under which the Irish must have suffered. There was a time when 
more than half of all immigrants came from Ireland. That was about the mid- 
dle of the last century, when Ireland was literally starving. ^ 

German immigration shovs tifo peaks, the first one at the time of, and in the "=^ 

years immediately after the 1848 revolution, and the second one during the £ 

eighties at the time of the socialist persecution. But one must bear in mind hd 

that these five and one-half million Genncui immigrants include only those who o 

came from Germany (Geiman Reich) proper. But people of German blood and an- ^ 

cestry came in considerable numbers from other countries, too, from Austria, S 

Hungary, Russia, and some from Switzerland. ^ 

Next to Germany and Ireland, Italy contributed the largest number of immigrants. 
More than four million Italians have settled hei^ during the last hundred years, 

Ill G 

- 4 - 


Abend post , Nov. 13, 1919* 

and since 1880 they have come in steadily increasing numbers. Many of them 
did not stay permanently, but returned to their homeland after a temporary 
stay in this country, taking their earnings with them. There were inore than 
three million newcomers from Russia, most of them having left their homeland 
only during the last fifty years. From .Isia came 345,006 Chinese and 232,749 

During the last twenty years 3,352^047 Italians, 1,551,315 Jews, 1,420,771 
Poles, 1,092,720 Germans, 818,509 Scandinavians, 769,774 Englishmen, 658,981 
Irish, 480,286 Slovaks, 461,997 Magyars, and 461,786 Croats and Slovenes 
obtained x>ermission to enter this country. The Germans, according to these 
figures, took fourth place during this period, too, although emigration from 
Germany had already fallen off considerably. 

A wise iiomigration policy will accept the lessons contained in the above fig- 
ures. In view of the econonic difficulties prevailing there, immigration from 







III G - 5 - GSmiAI^I 

Abendpost , Nov* 13, 1919 • 

Europe will inorease rather than decrease during the neyt few years. On the 
other hand there are countries to which a heavy immigration would be an ad- 
▼antage* Until now the United States has absorbed the greater portion of im- 
migrants, and without design or discrimination. If immigration is to be 
restricted in the future, caurefully planned measures will have to be adopted. 
There is plenty of room left in the United States for settlers, and it would ^ 
be bad policy to refuse admittance to efficient, and steady working power, C 
regardless of the race or nationality which furnished it. Such refusal would ^ 
simply divert this power to some other country — it v/ould mean our loss, and 2 
another country's gain. Besides the United States there are the South Amer- co 
ican countries, New Zealand, South Africa and Canada, which would be interested y 
in immigration froni iilurope. It will be extremely interesting to watch what 
kind of measures the governments of these countries will adopt in regards to 
the immigration problem. 


* 'v 


I H 

I G Abendpost . Oct# 6, 1919« 


Immigration for the fiscal year 1918-19 amounted to about 235,000 persons, 2 
idiile the emigration total oame close to 216,000, which leaves the country -^ 
a net gain of about 19, 000 # r; 

In spite of that, our lawmakers in Washington are deeply concerned over the o 
immigration question, which is really a problem of the greatest importance* Lj 


Jtor the country is ••threatened^' by a large immigration, which, if it were of ^ 
a different nature i the country would welcome. 

ka iitmiigration of xmdesirable elements, ••threatens" and it will be a difficxilt 
job to encourage and obtain the immigration of useful and therefore desirable 
elements* There may be an emigration of elements ^ich the ruling society 
would gladly be rid of but which the country can hardly do without 


ULSl - 2 - GERItlAN 
I H 

I G Abeadpo8t > Oct. 6, 1919* 

All this will become clear if one examines more closely the immigration and 
emigration figures of the last fiscal year, and also considers the various 
reports on anticipated trends. 

Of the 235,000 immigrants, 82,000 came from the British Isles (45,564 English- 
men, 14,262 Scots, 10,146 Irish, and 965 V/elshmen) and 21,243 from France, 
whereas about 39,000 Englishmen, Scots, and Frenchmen emigrated, leaving an 
immigration surplus of about 44,000 for these nationalities. On the other hand 
the migratory movements of Italians, Greeks, and Slavs show an emigration sur- 
plus of 50,000« 

That means we have an homogeneous immigration surplus which is acceptable to 
the American people, and an emigration surplus of elements which are not 
esi>ecially esteemed by the ^^erica^ ruling classes, .but whose labor the country 
can use. Through the migratory movements of the last year the country lost 
physical man power ^ich it needs for its industries, and gained potential 
workers, or elements which are not needed for our economy and which we can 
easily do without. 


Ill G - 5 - GSRIAIT 

I H 

I G AbendT^ost, Get. 6, 1919. 

The respective loss or "gain" is not yet c^^'^^'t. Ileitlier v/ould nalie much 
difference, but iiigration of the year 1918-19 is indicative of the near future. % 
Immigration and emigration of the last vear.are merely stravjs in the v;ind, har- ^ 
bingers which indicate the trend. It is v;ell laiov;n — at least it v;a3 claimed r= 
often enough officially and by stearaship travel agencies — that man;'' hundreds ^^ 
of taiousands of x'oles, Slovenes, Jroats, oerbs, and other Southern Slavs, 5o 
Italians, etc., have decided to go bad: hone and are only straightening out 2 
their affairs here and vjaiting for passage. It is certain that the steel >^ 
strike and present business and labor conditions — particularly prohibition — ^ 
v/ill only serve to augment and hasten the emigration of such elements. 'Je 
are afraid that the scarcity of labor, v;hich already is making itself felt will 
become acute, and -.dll aggravate to the danger point the evils from v;hich the 
country is suffering at present — insufficient production, high and still rising 
prices, dissatisfaction, and mirest — if the emigration of oouthea^tem European 
and Slav workers continues on an anticipated scale, and if no immigration of 
similar elements takes its place to make up for the loss. 

On the other hand, it is reported that in Great Britain and i^'rance many thousands 


III G - 4 - GERia^ 

I H 

I G Abendpost , Oct. 6, 1919. 

are making preparations to emigrate to America, and that a heavy immigration 
of economically and politically undesirable elements can be expected. Rep- ^ 
resentative Johnson of Washington, chairman of the House Committee for Immi- 
gration, declared that it probably vjas not known that Japan, and especially 
Yokohama, was full of absolutely xmdesirable elements, particularly Russian 
military deserters, who are just waiting for the opportunity to come -co America. 
They were the scum of the earth. Dutch cities, too, were full of citizens of 
all countries, who had good reasons to stay away from their homeleuids and who 
waited for passage to America. Other sources reveal that millions of Europecuas 
plan to come i»o America to avoid the huge v/ar debts and taxes in E\irope» 

These assertions may be exaggerated, but they certainly describe the general 
situation correctly. In the victorious coxmtries particiilarly, certain strata 
of society will evince strong inclinations toward immigration* A lot of money 
was made there during the war and hope for h\ige war indemnity payments /by the 
vanqLuished/ ran high. T3ie necessary heavy taxation will be resented there all 
the more, and there will be many malcontents who would like to get away with 
their profits and worried consciences! 





Ill G - 5 - GHEHMAN 

I H 

I G Abendpost > Oct* 6, 1919* 

Congress has not only the power but also the duty to prevent that kind of ^^ 

immigration as much as possible; and it seems that maintenance of the war ^ 

restrictions for another year (after ratification of the peace treaty) is ^ 

the best that can be done for the time being • r; 

It would be a mistake to work out a new immigration law in a hxirry and to o 

irtiip it through /Congress/^ Tlie situation is very confused, and passions co^ 

are still running too high for anything good to result from such confusion. ^ 






I G Abendpost , Mar. 24, 1919. 



At a meeting which was held in New York recently, the prominent inven- 
tor Hudson Llaxim stated that the iCnglish Government conteiriplates set- 
tling a million Chinese coolies in Canada for the purpose of further 
developing that country^ The question vxhether this information is 
based on a firm foundation or merely on a rumor may be left unansv/ered« 
llaxim even went so far, it is true, as to say that a contract had been 
entered into with the Chinese, and tliat in this contrast the Government 
promised them fifty cents a day and two suits of clothes every year. 
It is difficult to believe that the British Government would make such 
an agreement with the orientals^ In the first place the Canadian Govern- 
ment woiild also have to be consulted and would no doubt have a principal 
part in any decision on the matter. And in the second place officials 
here and abroad could not be oblivious of the fact that any such measure 


III G - 2 - G2RI.IAIT 


I G Abendpost , IJar. 24, 1919. 

vTCuld iimediately provoke a rebellion of the working classes. 

As is known, many coolies were broUt;ht from the Orient to France to take 

the places of workers \iho v:ere called to service in the ariny or navy. 

But France v/as actuated by necessity* Certain kinds of work had to be 

done, and the men who vrere supw^ed to do it vjeve needed at the front* :^ 

It v;as a vjar measure, and the French v/ill not delajr a second in returning ^ 

the "borrowed" coolies to China as soon as peace has been declared. But r; 

if iCngland or Canada is thinking of importing great nuiibers of coolies at :g 

this tine, v;hen the conclusion of peace is close at hand, it must be the £ 

intention of those countrias to keep the coolies permanently. It is not 'o.^ 

yet knov/n whether or not I^ngland and Canada have such plans in the making, L:^, 

but the mere fact tliat the ruiior is being circulated and believed permits 

the inference that the conditions existing in our neighbor to the north 

favor such an arrangement. There must be a scarcity of farm laborers and 

very likely the number of discharged soldiers and sailors will not be suf- 


Ill G - 3 - GSRHAIT 


I G Abendpo3t > IJar* 24, 1919* 

fie lent to supply the need. 

This fact is interesting because in Canada as v;ell as in .iinerica people 
have been discussing the advisability and feasibility of deporting those 
foreigners who have not yet sufficiently .Americanized theiaselves. Of 
course, it is impossible to execute the laass deportations which are de- 
raanded again and again by nationalists. If all those v/ho were born in 
Germany and other alien-enemy countries are deported, it \7ill be neces- 
sary to send their children with them. But most of these were born in 
America or Canada, and are, therefore, .imerican or Canadian citizens. 
Then the question arises: Can the Government at ./ashington deport 
xuaerican citizens, or can the Canadian Government deport British citizens? 
Or is it the intention of those v/ho advocate deportation to act like bar- 
barians, to separate children from their parents, and to send the latter 
out of the country, but to hold the former? It v/ill not be easy to solve 
this problem. 

Ill G - 4 - GJRIIJJ 


I G Abendpost > Uhv. 24, 1919. 

And is it not foolish to deport useful workmen and farmers just because 

they v;ere bom in a country which we have defeated in w^r, and then to 

think of importing coolies from China to supply the demand for laborers? 
The offspring of hatred and ignorance are often very odd. 




Ill G 
I G 

Abendpost , Feb. 6, 1919. 



(iSditorial ) 

The World War has afforded more opportunity for the manifestation of exag- 
geration, hysteria, and "hypersentinentality" (sic) than any previous vjar, 
and it is a deplorable fact, especially with respect to the futiire internal 
peace of our country, that our -American people in particular shov/ed such a 
strong tendency indiscriminately to follow after the charlatans of public 
opinion, /Translator's note: The word "hypersentiraentality" appears in 
English in the original^ 

The snooping of such societies as the National Security League, the Protec- 
tive League, the lOiights of Liberty, etc., which incited the various national- 
ities to mutual hatred and violence (with the aid of the greater part of the 
public press); the hanging and flogging, the tarring and feathering of citizens 
upon mere gossip or unfounded accusations or for failure to follow exactly 


(o m 

Ill G - 2 - (SRIiAIT 

I G 

Abendpost, Feb* 6, 1919 • 

the instructions of secret committees — these and similar happenings have 
left a permanent stain on .America's honor. The greater number of so-called 
patriotic organizations have nov/ discontinued their "free services"; some 
of these societies, for instance, the National Security League, are now 
forced to submit to a rigid investigation of their Diotives, methods, and 
financial affairs; the nev/spapers and magazines v/hich indulged in defaming 
not only our enemies but also i\m.erican citizens have discontinued their 
derogatory activities; and the public at large is gradually assuming an 
attitude which is comparable to the awakening froii a bad dream. 

Therefore, it must be doubly disagreeable, v;hen a subordinate official — if 
he can be so classified—disturbs the reconstruction of the Republic's peace- 
able relations by making public statements v/hich are hardly excusable, since 
official investigation has revealed that they are untrue. Last Saturday 
Lajos Steiner, a representative of the Division of Information of the Bureau 
of V/ar Commerce, appeared before the Senate committee v/hich is investigating 
enemy propaganda. This committee is holding its meetings in V/ashington. 
According to a report which v;as published in the Nev; York Times > Lir. Steinei^ 

Ill g - 3 - CSi]HI/IAlT 

I G 

Abendpo st , Feb, 6, 1919. 

declared that hostile governments, through their consulates and in other 
ways, are persuading their former citizens who are now living in the United 
States to send their savings abroad, ostensibly to support needy relatives 
but actually in order to be able to strip the citizens of these savings 
when they return to their native land. /Translator's note: This illogical 
sentence is a faithful rendition of the original sentence. Presumably the 
^citizens^ referred to are nationals of foreign cotintries who have not be- 
come citizens of the United States_^ It is said that ^5400,000,000 is thus 
sent out of our country every year. Furthermore, Steiner loiows that the 
great transatlantic steamship companies are strongly opposed to the natural- 
ization of the 17,500,000 immigrants who are living in America, because these 
immigrants would have no reason to visit their former homelands after becom- 
ing American citizens. i\nd, according to the third main point of LIr. Steiner* s 
testimony, there are 25,000 foreign language newspapers in the United States. 
With but a very few exceptions, these publications are "un-American,** and, in 
dozens of cases, they are "hostile to our country". Incidentally, there are 
numerous other accusations; for instance: many foreign language newspapers, 

Ill G - 4 - giSRMAU 

I G 

Abendpost . Feb* 6, 1919. 

a large percentage of the clergy, teachers, etc. are in the pay of European 
governments. Attached to LIr. Steiner's report is the remark: ^'Senator 
Overman thanked the witness heartily for the valuable info relation". 

In reply to the sensational statements of Ilr. Steiner one could point out — 
if it were at all worthwhile to pay any attention to Steiner* s ravings — that 
the Federal Government, from President V/ilson down to the most subordinate 
official of the treasury, has often called attention to the inspiring patriot- 
ism and the invaluable services with which the foreign language press supported 
the cause of America; that the achievements of the foreign bom and the sons 
of the foreign born were equal to those of the bravest defenders of our coun- 
try; and that in many places the foreign bom element ranked first in the 
purchase of Liberty bonds, war-saving stamps, thrift stamps and in contribu- 
tions to war charities. However, v/e cannot forego the opportunity to compare 
some of his alleged "information" with a report of the Bureau of Education of 
the Department of the Interior. Incidentally, this report is found in the 
same issue of the Times in which IJr. Steiner *s statements were published. 

Ill G - 5 - GgRIMlT 

I G 

Abendpost ^ Feb, 6, 1919. 

According to the report of the Bureau of Education, there v/ere 33,000,000 
foreign-bom or foreign-bred persons in the United States in the year 1910; 
the report records 1,575 foreign language ne;7spapers, not 25,000 

If the other assertions which lir# Steiner made are no irore reliable than 
his statistics, then lir. Overman's expression of gratitude appears to be 
groundless and, therefore, superfluous. 



I G Abendpost , Jan. 28, 1919. 

Naturalization of Germans, Austrians, and Hungarians Resumed 

After an interruption of two years, naturalization of Germans, .-oistrians, and 
Hungarians will be resumed in Chicago on next Friday. In Cook County there are 
no fewer than 3,700 applications on file. All were made before the United 
States declared war, i.e., before ^.pril 6, 1917. Since all three courts, the 
Federal, District, and Superior Courts, will consider these applications, they 
should be able to dispose of them within the next few months. The District 
Court v/ill begin the work. 

According to law all applications were to have been submitted to the Department 
of Justice at .(.ashington for thorough examination. Because the Department was 
overloaded with other work, it could not give these applications any attention 
until the armistice was signed. The work of examining vas begun about November 
15. The applications against which no objections are raised are forwarded to 
the local Bureau of Naturalization, where they are again subjected to a very .^.- 
severe examination. The Bureau then sends a list of candidates eligible for;' .'' 
citizenship to the proper court, so that the court can summon them for the i^.'; Ci^ g 

\ >• - 


X -y ^ 


^ ^ Abendpost , Jan. 28, 1919. 

prescribed hearing. 

Mr. V/. H. Viagner, the supervisor of the Bureau, calls attention to the fact 
that applications are disposed of in the order in ivhich they arrived here 
from V/ashington, and not in the order in v/hich they v;ere sent to the De- 
partment of Justice. Lir. '..agner said that the applicants would be duly 
notified, and that it v;as useless to attempt to get further information 
from him, since he has none to give. He also stated that if one person 
had to v.ait longer than others, it v as no indication that the application 
had been rejected, but only that the exaiaination of the application had 
not been concluded. Candidates who are guilty of offense against any 
laws of our country v/ill, of course, not be admitted to citizenship. 


U' \ 





II B 2 d (1) 

II 3 2 d (3) Sonntagpost (Sunday Jdition of Abendpost ), Jan. 10, 1919. 

II B 1 e 


V A 1 

V A 2 At this time there appears to be a special reason for calling attention 

III A to the beginning and importance of Qemian immigration to America, for 
III C in this ;vay it can be proved that L^omigration is historically 
III F justified, and the assertions of those people v;ho assume an attitude of 
I H gracious condescension, or of benevolent tolerance, tov/ard the German 

element of our population are refuted* 

"The Gernians, more than any other Anerican colonists, v/ere guided by personal 
ideals." This is the verdict of Professor Marion Dexter Learned of Pennsylvania 
University, who died about a year ago. He v;as head of the Geiman Department and 
one of the most eminent scholars of Geruan-r^erican history. He placed Gernian- 
Americans on the same level as the Puritans and Q,uakers, ivho strove for spiritual 
ideals for which they v/ere v/illing to die, if necessary. He declared that 


Ill ^ - 2 - OSaiAIT 

Sonntagpost (Sunday ::i:dition of Abendpost ), Jan. 10, 1919. 

j^merica was indebted to the little ::iodel colony at Germantown not only for tlie 
beginniiig of the great industrial development of our country, such as the v;eav- 
ing of linen, the knitting of stockings, paper:aaking, and book printing, but 
also for a far greater service, because it involved an ideal — the first protest 
against the despicable slave trade. No better proof of th9 Gernan's love of 
freedom could be found than this protest against slavery. ^ 

Referring to this protest in an article published in 1908, and prior to the p 
erection of a monuraent in honor of Pastorius, Professor Learned wrote: "If ^ 
ever a inonument is built in me.'nory of the first Gernians of Gernantown, it ^ 
should be inscribed in golden letters with the immortal words of this protest. ^ 
The weaving mills and the paper mills and the printing shops may be forgotten, ' 
but the doctrine of freedom contained in this ancient document increases in 
importance as the generations pass, and may well be considered the greatest 
asset which the Germans brought with them from abroad." 

Ill O • 3 - GSBMAN 

3onntagpost (Sunday jJdition of Abendpost ) , Jan. 10, 1919. 

It is significant that Professor Learned, ;vho so enthusiastically acknov/ledged 
the services of the first German colonists in /iiaerica, had not a drop of Ger- 
nan blood in his veins, but v/as an ^-aerican of 3nGlish-3cotch-Irish extraction. 


The notable document, as stated in a prior article, v;as written in the English 
language, in Gemantown, in the 3^ear 1688, by Franz Daniel Pastorius, and bears ^^ 
the signatures of Franz Daniel Pastorius, Garret Hendericks, Dirck op den Graeff, p 
and Abraham op den Graeff* It has seldom been printed in its entirety. The fol- ^ 
lowing is a German translation: 


"These are the reasons v;hy we are against traffic in men: Is there anyone who S 
would like to be so treated md dealt with, who desires to be sold and made a en 
slave for the rest of his life? How freightoned are many v/hen they maet a ship 
on the high seas, fearing that it may be a Turkish vessel, and that they may 
be captured, taken to Turkey, and sold into slaveryl But in v/hat respect does 

Ill G - 4 - Gr:R:j^ 

Sonntagpost (Sunday Edition of Abendpost ) , Jan* 10, 1919. 

slavery in Pennsylvania differ from that which is practiced in Turkey? The 
former is worse because it is carried on by people who call themselves Chris- 
tians. Accordins to reports most negroes are brought here against their v;ill, 
and many of then have been stolen. They are blaci:, to be sui^. But we cannot 
comprehend hov/ that fact could give anybody a better right to enslave them than ^ 
to enslave whites. There is a saying: ^All things whatsoever j'-e v/ould that ^ 
men should do to you, do ye even so to them.* IIo distinction is made v/ith re- 'I^ 
spect to nationality, origin, or color, /jid they who steal or rob men, and U 
they who buy or purchase them, are they not alike? In this country freedom of ^ 
conscience prevails, and that is right and just; but the body, too, is entitled 2 
to freedom, excepting in the case of a criminal, which is a different matter. ^ 
But v/e protest against stealing people and bringing tha^ to this country against ^ 
their will. In Hurope laany people are oppressed in matters of conscience; here 
blacks are oppressed. 

*»lrfe know that v;e should not commit adulter:;-; but so^me commit adultery indirectly, 

f Til G - 5 - QSH-IAIT 

Sonntagpost (Sunday Ddition of Abendpost) , Jan, 10, 1919. 

by separating v;ivcs from their husbands and delivering them to others. Some 
sell the children of these poor creatures. Ye v;ho do such things, consider 
v;ell if ye v/ould like to be dealt v/ith thus, and if it is consistent with 
Christianity. In Holland and Germany one cannot act so. Your good name suf- 
fers v;hen it is reported in j^urope that Q,uakers in ATiorica treat hur^an beings 
as beasts are treated there. For that reason many have no desire or inclina- 
tion to come here. V/ho could ansv/er for, or defend, your acts? Verily, we 
cannot, unless you set us aright and prove that Christians may so conduct them- 
selves. Gould anything worse happen to us than to be kidnapped and sold into 
slavery in a strange land, with husbands separated from wives, and parents from ^ 
children? And since we do not wish to be treated so, we protest against and 
oppose slavery. Anyone who admits that it is wrong to steal should not buy 
stolen goods, but should rather assist in putting an end to theft and robbery, 
if possible. Those unfortunate v/retches should be freed from the robbers, and 
given their liberty a^ is done in :iilurope. Then Pennsylvania v;ill gain a good 
reputation in other countries, instead of the evil reputation which it now has. 
Then, too, the xiluropeans v/ould like to know hov/ the Q,uakers are ruling their 





Ill c- ^ 6 - g::h.l;it 

3onnt3;"'^03t ( 3'inda'^'- jJdition of ..bondpont ) , Jan, 10, 1S19. 

 !■■■■ iMh^- I   I  ^ *- -    Ml 4  I.  i ' ' 

province; nost oi* then onvy as. 

''Should those slaves vrlio ?Te cor^sidered to bo v;ic':ed and stubborn conspire and 
fi{];lit for their froodoii, and note out tho sane traat.^^nt to their r.iasters and 
nistresses, v;ill these v/ace v/ar arainst the poor slaves? I'.o doubt sona .vill. ^ 
But have the negroes not just as .luch rii7;^it to regain their liberty as ve have ^ 
to keep them in serfdoM? ^ 

• ^^ 

"Consider the cause well; is it just or unjust? If ye conclude tint it is in ^ 

order to treat the nercroes in sucji i.ianner, v;e aost Icindly recu jst and bcc you 2 

to inforn us (that has not beer, dona heretofore) '.:hr'' Christians nav uct thus, co 

so that le r.iav satisfy ourselves zna our friends ^nd acri.iaiiitancos in tho land r^ 

of O'or birth. For the presei^.t it is an awful t^iou^ht tliat hurinn beings are ^ 
bein,^ held in slaver^" in Penns-rlvania." 

rhis protest r;as accepted in 16GS. It v;as directed to the like- winded Quaker 

' m ^ - 7 - ^isi:m 

Sonntagpost (Sunday Edition of xlbendpost ) , Jan. 10, 1919 • 

Goncregation of Germantown, and was the subject of discussion in several meet- 
ings of Friends. A hundred years later the same problem (slavery) was put 
before the Congress of the United States by the famous Quaker Jamer Mifflin, 

and was examined in line with the protest of the Geiman Q,uakers of Germantown, ^ 

jigitation for the freedom of slaves was interrupted by the War of 1812, but v/as ^ 

resumed by Gerraan idealists like ISarl Foil en, Franz Lieber, and later by Carl ^ 

Schurz, until emancipation of negroes was effected by the Civil War. Two hun- C 

dred years before it occurred, the greatest event in our nation* s history dur- ^ 

ing the nineteenth century v;as suggested by the peaceable and quiet German 2 

idealist of Germantown, Pennsylvania. lo 

Professor Learned declared that "the old German city, Geiroantown, is a Siallov/od 
place," and continued: "It may be justly said that Germantown has earned a place 
beside Jamestown and Pl3rmouth Rock in .American history." 

Vflien the Pfaelzer (inhabitants of the Palatinate) who hailed not only from the 


Ill G - 8 - GEHvIAIT 

Sonntagpost (Sunday Edition of Abendpost) , Jan. 10, 1919. 

Palatinate, but also from V/uertemberg and other adjoining provinces, were ban- 
ished by the murdt^rous soldiers of Louis ]3[V, and placed theiuselves under the 
protection of the iDnglish Government, they iveie transferred to the American 
colonies, and followed in the footsteps of the Gerraaii-Swiss and Huguenot im- 
migrants v;ho had preceded then to /uaerica. These Gernan-Swiss and Huguenot 
immigrants had founded Hew Rochelle in Nev/ York, had settled in Lancaster 
County, Pennsylvania, and had established settlements in L'orth Carolina, New 
Jersey, and Llaryland. 

Having suffered man3r hardships on the Hudson, the Pfaelzer trekked over the 
mountains to Berks County, Pennsylvania. From this point they spread out* 
Soon they received reinforcements from other German countries. The German- 
Swiss and the Genian Mennonites have left very distinct traces. The simplic- 
ity which characterized their morals and customs, the style of their clothing, 
and their religious rites have been preserved. But the Pfaelzer ^ despite their 
poverty, v;ere the real founders of the German peasantry' of Pennsylvania. They 



3onntagpost (Siuida:/' Edition of nbendpost ) , Jan. 10, 1919. 

represented many trades and professions. Nearly all merchandise which v/as sold 
on American narkets during the Colonial period v/as made by these Germans. In 
some places the dialect of the Pfaelzer is still spoken. The Pfaelzer v;ere mem- 
bers of Lutheran or of Reformed churches, and '.vere More liberal-minded than the 
Mennonites, Bunkers, /jaish, and other Separatists. They were much more promi- 
nent in the political and social life of the Province of Pennsylvania, and Gov- 
ernor Keith feared that Pennsylvania v;ould soon become a German province. Like 


the Scotch-Irish, the Pfaelzer v;ere the leaders in the caiimunity. o 


Those Pfaelzer who, because of their education, were qualified to be spiritual ro 
leaders, maintained communication with the homeland. They provided churches and 
schools in which the Geiroan language v/as used. German books were printed, and 
German papers v/ere published. The Geiman schoolmaster had emigrated with the 
Geriian farmer and the Geiroan mechanic, and had found many uses in Pennsylvania 
and other .jnerican colonies for the knowledge and accompli shraents v/hich he had 
acquired in Germany. During the years 1710-1740 about twenty Gerr^an schools 


Ill G - 10 - 021^ IAN 

Sonntagpost (Sunday iildition of .ibendpost ) , Jan. 10, 1919, 

v/era established in Pennsylvania. Tlie intellectual activity of the German coL 
onists is evident from the fact that the German books which Benjaiain Franklin 
of Philadelphia printed for these colonists found a ready mar::et, that Chris- 
topher Saur could establish and maintain a nearly all-German press in Gerrian- 
town, and that a German newspaper could flourish in remote iiiphrata. The 
copiousness of the German literature v;hich was printed in Pennsylvania in the 
eighteenth century is rer.iarlcable and proves that the German colonists v/ere by 
no means intellectually inferior to the English colonists. 

During the Colonial period the Germans had spread beyond the limits of the 
settlements to wliich they had migrated in Pennsylvania and Hew York, and pene- 
trated into the "great valley" of the Allegheny I^Iouiitains and into the Ohio 
Valley. The:/ were loyal subjects of the English Government, but they insisted 
upon their rights, just as the Jlnglish colonists did. The attempts of the 
"Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Lands" to /mglicanize 
the Gerian congregations led to a religious v;ar which ended in the defeat of 



- 11 - 


Soimtagpost (Sunday Edition of . Vbendpost ) . Jan, 10, 1919, 

the nationalists and caused a breach betv/een G-ennan and lilnglish ideals. 

During the French ^nd Indi^i/^ ;/ar the Geimans of Pennsylvania sided with the 
Colonial Gtoverniaent , but later, when the English Goveminent began to oppress 
the colonists throu^ the Stamp Act and the tax on tea, in order to fill .iJig- 
land*s empty treasury at the e:q)ense of the Colonists, the vulnerable spot of 
the Geinians~their pocketbook — ^vas touched and their protest was not long in 
forthcoming. They were strongly opposed to this form of ^lilnglish tyranny, and they 
found a fearless champion in Heinrich Miller, the publisher of the Pennsylvan- 
nischen Staatsboten (Pennsylvania 3tate l.Iessenger). This publication v/as one 
of the first newspapers of our country, and it contributed much to the cause of 
liberty. The Geiman colonists were highly elated when the Revolutionaiy Weir, 
in which they participated according to their best ability, ended in victory 
for the American colonists. They were happy at the formation of the United 
States of iimerica. Only a relatively small number of Geiman llennonites re- 
mained loyal to the English King and emigrated to Canada, where some of their 



Ill G . . 12 - geil:m 

Sonntagpost (Sunday I^dition of Abendpost ) > Jan. 10, 1919. 

descendants still reside. 

The influence of the movement for the independence of ^\merica, the founding of 
the Republic, and the principles laid down in the Declaration of Independence 
had a profound effect upon the intellectual leaders of Geiraan^r. Friedrich von 
Schiller, V/ieland, and Herder loudly proclaimed the importance of the V/ar for 
Freedom and the advantages gained by it. Had not the ITapoleonic vjars inter- 
fered, the liberty won by the /jnericans of German descent would have staggered, 
and finally put an end to the "rule hy the grace of God" of the "nobles" in g 
Germany. ^ 

No x^erican historian has given a better description of the influence of Ger- Di 
man immigration upon the shaping of our new fatherland, and upon the develop- 
ment of the American people, than that which has come to us from the hand of 
Marion Dexter Learned, In 1908 he v/rote: "The history of Geiman influence in 
j-merica during the past tv/o hundred years teaches us that the German, more than 


Ill G 

- 13 - 


Sonntagpost (Sunda^^ lildition of ,ibendpost ) , Jan. 10, 1919. 

any other non-Englisli eleiuont, has staniped his character upon the .j.ierican peo- 
ple through his idoalistic endeavors, and has exercised very great influence 
upon the development of the new Republic. That v;as done not so nuch by direct 
transfer of GeriTian ideas, customs, and lorals to /uaerica, as by equalizing con- 
trasts and {gradually bringing racial elements into harmony. Tlie .jaerican nation 
has not become German an:^ more than it has remained i:nglish. Like their civi- 
lization, the Ainerican people are a "clending of Jnglitih and German national cul- 
tural elements, v;hich have so intergrovm, that they are i::uaediately recognized 
as a new people. And the future hopes of the .jaerican and of the German nation 
depend upon this equalizing, harmonizing, and blending. '' 

Vfliat this .jnerican, v/ho is in no :;ay rolatod to the German race, said about the 
significance of Ger .an LTmigration lias lost neither in value nor in importance. 
No one can deny that the Ger:.ian immigrants contributed to the development of the 
:imerican people. Tliis contribution had its advantages :jid often proved to be a 
blessing. But it also establishes an historical right to complete equality, as 




III G - 14 - (Iic:^.:ait 

Sonntagpost (Sunday Edition of Aendpost ) ^ Jan. 10, 1919* 

far as race is concerned, and to recosnition of the c^eat services v;hicli v;ere 
rendered by the Gerinan irmicrants v;ho so graatly influenced the expansion and 
progress of the .^i^iorican nation. 




Ill G 


Abendpost, Dec* 23, 1918. 

DC ':I2 NS3D I^!I/jaRi\NTS? 


Undoubtedly there is a shortage of labor in our country, especially in 
the field of agriculture; and the need for labor is no less acute for 
the performance of the so-called *low-class" jobs, such as building roads, 
repair of railroads, ditch-digging — in short, ordinary day labor. 

Very few employers entertain the illusion that this labor shortage v/ill 
cease when our boys return from JIurope. Instead, the latter vri. 11 probably 
trj^ to get back into the same tyi^e of employment v/hich they gave up, 
temporarily, when they were called to the colors. Only a very small 
number of them were day laborers, and military service will hardly have 
created any propensit:; to turn to this lov/ly work to make a living. As 
a matter of fact, the work which is designated as ''cheap manual labor*' 
has for decades been assigned to newly-arrived immigrants. Lumberjacks, 

Ill G - 2 - GimiAII 

Abendpost , Dec. 23, 1918* 

builders of streets and roads, have opened new paths to civilization which 
the natives have used to expand their industrial and commercial enterprises, 
to establish banks and engage in real-estate speculations. i\nd even today 
the demand for "cheap labor" is just as great as ever, especially in 
factories, foundries, stone quarries, mines, etc., and there is no appreciable 
supply on hand. This is so not only because immigration cane to a stop 
at the beginning of the war, but also — and primarily — because, as stated 
by the Manufacturers' Association, "The children of immigrants will not do 
the kind of work their parents did, and most of them are not physically 
capable of doing it". 

In view of this situation it seems strange, indeed, that all sorts of 
obstacles are put in the way of immigration, such as head taxes, educa- 
tional tests, and so on. It is not necessary to sing a song of praise 
here for the things which the European accustomed to hard physical labor 
has done for the development of our country, by opening up and settling 
large areas, strengthening our industry and commerce, building highv/ays. 

Ill a 

- 3 - 


Abendpost , Dec. 23, 1918. 

and other things. The United States has become ivhat it is today almost 
exclusively by ineans of immigrant labor. Any unjustified limitation of 
immigration, born of hatred for aliens or of economic rivalry, will prove 
to be a great hindrance for the further development and growth of this 
great republic. A deliberate discouragement of immigration seems all the 
less justified in view of the fact that the European nations will, very 
probably, enact lav;s to prohibit the emigration of their nationals. There 
will not be an avalanche of ''greenhorns" after peace has been declared, but 
there will be a decided demand for them. The following statistics of 
immigration contain a lesson which even the most shortsighted alien-baiter 
v/ould do well to heed.* 

Ill Q - 4 - aiJlRIJAJM 

Abendpost , Dsc. 23, 1918. 

Yearly Immigration 

1902 - 1911 (on the average) 918,605 

1912 838,172 

1913! . . \ 1,197,892 

1914 1,218,480 

1915 326,700 

1916 298,826 

1917 295,403 

1918 (future estimate) 200,000 

The war has not decreased the demand for irnmigrant labor. Its opponents 
may v/ell be reminded of the parable of the goose that lays the golden eggs. 

Ill G 


Abendpogt , Jan. 7, 1915, 



The United States Senate has adopted the Innicration Bill by a vote of 50 

to 7. A fev; days previous the Bill had passed the House v/ith a large 

majority^ Since the Senate has added a few amendiaents, the Bill has to qo 

back to the House, and will probably be subiiitted to a joint conference. 

If the House should adopt the Senate amendments, or if the joint committee 

can straighten out the differences, the Bill will go to the President, vAio ^ 

will have to make up his mind whether to si p;n it or to veto it and let the 

Bill become law vdthout his si^paature. 

The adoption of the Bill by the House did not present any special interest 
for us German-Americans. The only notev/orthy item in it was the provision 
which makes immigration dependent upon a "literacy test," which is nothing 



Abendgost, Jan. 7, 1915, 

more tlian a reading test, for all practic^il pur^^osos, and by v;hich adnittedly 
no Ger:iians at all and only a fe-v citizens of the Austro-Kungarian inonarcliy 
could be barred from iinnigration. The literacy test is a fake and has been 
recoGnized and branded as such for a lone time, u'hile it apparently aims to 
exclude ii.omigrants of low i.iental capacity, it is in reality nothing but a 5 
disguised neans of restricting immigration. .- 

This has long been an established fact and is frankly admitted by the advocates •'^ 
of this provision. They v/ant to hamstring and restrict immi^^pi'ation, and they ^; 
resort to the literacy test as the only possible means v^Idch proLiises some -^ 
measure of success and yet does not at the same tiiae cause the "land of liberty ^ 
and asylum for the oppressed" to "lose face." The measure is especially o 
welcomed by the South, because it promises to curtail the imiaigration of the 
"Dagoes" and "liuns"~the southern Italians and southern Slavs~v/hich the 
/^ericaD7 Southerners hate. German immigration has nothing to fear from the 
literacy test. The Bill, in the xmy it v^as passed by the House, v/as in no 

Ill G - 3 - oamiAN 

Abendpo st > Jan. 7, 1915. 

respect directed against the Gerriiaios or a,^iiist German inrai^ration (regardless 
of covmtry) . The German-Anerican elenent could afford to regard the fate of 
the Bill v/ith conplacenc^'', and from a purely .Vnerican point of viev;. Tliat xs^s 
v/hat they did, and v/hile most German- Americans v/ho vrere interested in this 
problem nay have been a.^::ainst the Bill bov-i?iuse it is v/rong and 
insincere, there might have been a few v/ho though that a restriction of the 
sort of immigration which the Bill aims to keep away was not such a bad idea 
after all, and at any rate the Geriaan-.'toericans had no special reason to go 
to bat for the nationalities affected by the Bill. 

•^yhen the Bill passed the House, the Democratic majority v/as responsible for 
it. But in the Senate, the Republicans added some amenuients v/hich aroused 
suspicion aLDnfr the Gerraan-Americnn element. Cne of these amendments v.^s 
introduced by that ver^'' cor.iijetent, though anclophil, Senator Root, and calls 
for an exemption from the provisions of this Bill for Belcians v/ho want to 

Ill G - 4 - aaHI.IAIT 

Abenclpo^it , Jan. 7, 1915» 

do faming. Tliis aLiendnent xvas to be effective for the duration of the vjar 
and one year thereafter, another amendMent, also of Republican origin, v/ould 
riiake it the duty of the Secretary'' of Labor, v;ho is tinder the influence of the 
A. F. of L. , as everj^body knov/s, to keep a v;utchful eye on the trend of the 
labor market and to report to Conrress v;}ienover the vjat^o level or the 
ei!iplo3/iient opportunities seen to becone adversely affected hy iiirai^/ration. 
The first anendi.ient could be rifhtly called an unfriendly?" f.esture tov:ard 
Gerrianj.'' and the Gerrian cause, as ivell as an act incompatible \^7ith International 
Law and one v;hich Is bound to cause strife and trouble. The latter provision 
may be the first step tov.T.rd a restric-tion of Gerinan imrii^^ration as such, and 
may lead to more extensive anti-immirration legislation, vjhich, at present, may 
be advantageous for the country, but probabl^^ would turn out to be an obstacle ^ 
in its future development. 

President ;;ilson indicated some tiiiie ago tliat he vas opposed to the literacy 
test, and he v;?is expected to veto the Bill if this clause v/as retained. But 


Ill Q - 5 - GSmi/ilT 

Abendpost , Jan* 7, 193,5. 

tb^at was bei'ore had broken out, and conditions have changed since then. 
For one thine, larce sections of our population are nov/ of the opinion that 
after the conclusion of this treiaendous conflict, eirdf^ration fro ra Europe 
vail take on hu^^^e dinensions, flooding' Aioerica v.lth a veritable tidal v/ave 
of vjar-v/earj^ liuropean imiii^LCi'^^its, xmless v/e act in time and erect dans to keep 
this tide of huirianity out. V/e thinJc that this ar,:3urient ivill probably turn out 
to be \7ronc, but it is prevalent today and we cannot refute it now. Tliat roa^,'- 
be the reason Tvhy the Senate voted for the Bill vath such over^/;helming iiajority, 
and our indebtedness is to this body if the Bill becones a lax; \'/ithcut the 
President's signature, overridine his veto* 




• -J 


I L 

I H Abendpost , Dec. 12 » 1914; 



The Gomneroe and Trade Congress of the South has called a conference in the 
nation's capital. Federal officers, representatives of the press ^ of big 
business 9 of the railroads » and of the banks, are to participate in order to ^ 
discuss ways and means of inducing the many thousands of unemployed aliens ^ 
in the United States, and the great masses of immigrants to be expected after Z^ 
the war, to settle in the South. The curgument about immigration is an old ^ 
one. Its origin goes back many decades and has always existed for the keen 2 

The Americans, meaning those European immigrants mAio had a foothold in the 
country before the late newcomers arrived, have always been, to a great ex- 
tent, against any further immigration. Their reasons were obvious. First , 
there was the fear that wages might decline, fear of the European influence , 
but above all there was that ingrained condescending attitude of the ^^real** 



Ill G - 2 - GERMAN 

I L 

I H AbendpOBt , Dec^ 12, 1914« 

American toward the **h7phenated** American, which found its peak of expression 
in '*Qiownothingism'*« The seed of hatred which those deluded ^patriots^ had 
disseminated throughout the land, have horrible fruit« In many places violent 
street fighting ensued between the newconiers and the ^old time** Americans 
whose families had lived in the New World for two or three generations and for 
this reason looked with contempt upon the **greenhorns , ** although the latter 
often enough were their intellectual superiors. **Blood7 Monday** is still in 
the memory of £l11 Germans living in the capital of Kentucky, although a lot 
of water has flowed down the Ohio River and decades have passed since* 



Of course conditions today are not as bad as they used to be. Immigrants 
are not given bloody heads any more, at least not in the larger cities, ^ 
although it is said that in some small mining towns a lot of roughhousing is 
still going on now and then« But for a Icirge part of the immigrants, con- 
ditions are still bad enough* At home, hopes about the new country ran high* 
But often enough their expectations turned to bitter disappointment once they 
had landed* And all this not through any fault of their own but as a con- 

Ill G - ^ - aj::^.^jT 

I L 

I II .^bendpost , Deo. 1^, l^l^, 

seq.uence of an obvious negligence on tue part or certain oiTicials, wnose 
duty it saoula be to smooth t le patns or tue ruture citizens or our Republic 
while they are trying to get a rooting in tnair nev/ surrounaings. The Federal 
Government t-uxces cjre, or is suppose! to, ti?at no undesirable elements entei? 
the country. It s lould also be its duty to arrange ror a sensible distribution 
over the entire country or all immgrants arriving in our pastern seaports and ^ 
it should be tne duty or the individual states to co-operate v/itn tne Federal 
Government in this respect, .^.ttempts m this direction nave rrequently be-.n 
made but nave always railea, usually because the state authorities v/ere luke- 
v/arm about^the matter or because tae orrices or t:ie imir.i grant ion coiimiissioners 
/officials/ vrere nothing but sineci^res ror political parasites whose cracrcpot 
ideas v;ere not encumbered by experience. 

The cnarge or such Ccxreles^ness must he primaril}^ directed agc.^.inst tnose 
ooutuern states vw.iich are conplainin-- todav taat tae tidal wave or irimii^rrunts 
passes by their labor-nungry territories. Tiiis ne-jligence aas cauiyea great to tne oouta. The Civil v-xs not t le only taing wiicn put Dixie 
far beaind tae Korta as rar as commerce and industry are concerned. The 



Ill G - 4 - GBiaiAN 

I I* 

I H Abendpost ^ Dec* 12, 1914« 

unequalled progress of the Union states after the bloody Civil War can be 

attributed above all else to a generous immigration from Europe* Where 

would the American steel industry^ the greatest in the world , be today if 

it wasn^t for the masses of hard working European immigregats? What would 

New Tork| Ohio^ Pennsylvania, Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin, and other states 

be like today if it wasn^t for the Gexmans who had come over from the Old 

Country? While large cities were growing in the North, the South was standing ^ 

by 9 sulking like a child, spitefully suffering the growing poverty, like F 

that stubborn young fellow who was walking down the street without gloves ^ 

during a severe cold wave and when people felt sorry for him, told them that o 

it was serving his father right if he, the son, froze his hands, as his father ^ 

During the last few years it has finally dawned on the people south of the 
Uason-Dixon Line that they would have to do something in order to share in the 
general prosperity of the country* That is the reason for the conference in 
Washington. There isn*t any doubt that with a little good will on the pcort 



had not bought him any mittens* ^o 



Ct — rj — fl ,'p,: 


1 L 

^ '^ -^bendpost, Dec. 1:3, 191^, 

of taose interested, a better cina i.ore practical distribution of tie inrai^rants 
laiKied upon our sncres could be easily effected, .^bove all, it v.ould be 
necessary to see taat tiiese nev/cxiers did not cot settled in tae lar^e cities 
of the iast end. the ..iddle l.'est as they have been thus far, but that tney 
get settled on tae land, since i.iost of then were recruited froii .^urope's" rural 
population any\*/ay. The American raetropolitan centers would t.iereby be re- 
lieved of a trenendous burden v:hile at the sane tii-.e agriculture 
v;ould derive greatest benefit fror t.iis arrangenent • Tnere is still space 
left for r.any riilllcno in our ooutaern states and .icird vjorKin;^ hands could _ 

step up agricultural production rany ti-es. Qerriians and : orthern Juropccms, ^l 

it r.ust be adjiiitted, uculd not thrive any too v;ell doing physical l.^bor in "" 

taose latitudes. 3uvj;ers ar-.- long .-ind tie sun is 'norciless. Then, too, 
there is that unfortunate Negro question v/:iica is still an unsolved problem* 
Just the same, tiiere are already today a nuriber of prosperous rural 
corjrunities, v/aose successful grov/tn is eloquent testimony to the industry 
of the 0-errian farmer* Germ-ms and otier iru-iigrants from Central '-ind Nor- 
taern _!;urop3 v:ill be able to m-ilve ^. .living in t:. e jouth providing taey can 



Ill g - u - GiRi.:.ii] 

I L 

I H jibenapost , Dec. i::, I^j14« 

reaain indepenaent ana ova; taair iaiia# Tliey are not siiitaa to viorx as hired 
laborers on farias not t leir ovm. oOut:inrn Jurope uis una ii.i.7ii {grants rrom 
.^siatic Turrcey and joutn Taiosia, elerr^3nts v/.nca are nov; crov;ain:^ tae tene- 
nent ouaT^ters ot* Nev; Yorlc, Cliicac<^, ana *otiier iarje cities, c^re better aaaptea 
for taat purpose, ir t.:is conl'erence s.ioulci succeed m aaopting a practical 
plan for tae diversion or future ir.iiaigrants into sections vvMere taeii'' labor- 
is ur^'ently needed, taey v/ould not only earn £:ratituae of tae joutaern 
states, but would contribute to tae raliof oi' I.orcaarn Metropolitan centers 
fro-:, over r)o^ulatJon» 



III B 1 
I C 
V A 1 



Illinois Staata Zeitung , Aug* 1^ 1914. 



With the mobilisation of the amies in Southeastern Europe » a question has 
risen to face the American industrial worlds which we would like to have answeroi 
hf the NatiTists* The war between Austria-^Hungary and Serbia has not yet reached 
the dr€|aded dimensions^ the armies of Germany^ France, and Russia are yet wait-* 
ing{ still the owners of Pennsylvania's coal mines, smelters and other industrial 
enteritises are looking with great anxiety into the near future* In Pennsylvania 
there are more than one half ^ million Austro-^Iungarian citizens employed, the 
overwhelming majority of them subject to military service • If these workmen 
should be called to the colors, and if they should euiswer the call, the operation 
of most of those industries are endangered* In a telegram from Pittsburg, great 
fear is expressed ^ and it is pointed out, that no substitute can be found for 
those who are leaving because the annojfances, which as a rule had to be endured 
Iqr the immigrants at the ports of landing, have actually restricted their numbers* 
And Pennsylvania will not be suffering alone. Not only Austrians, Hungarians, 
and Servians will return to their old Ikuses, ^Aien the world conflagration starts* 

• III B 1 - 2 - SERMAN 

Illinois Stafcts Zeltung. Aug. 1, 1914. 


Germans and Russians ^ Roumeunians and Bulgarians, Italians, Frenchmen, and Greeks, 
will feel compelled to lend their curms which have so far stood in the services of 
American industfy to their respective fatherlands and with this migration, at 
least till the close of the war, the immigration of men capable of working will 
cease altogether* Only now will the nativists, who not only deny the value of 
immigration, but also consider it to be dangerous, awake to the fact that this 
country can not progress without the foreign laboring masses* Mines which will 
have ceased working, the stopped engines of the factories, the cold smokestacks, 
will teach the haters of foreigners, and especially those opposing immigration, 
that a hostile attitude against immigration is identical with the hostile attitude 
agp^inst the economic life of this country* With the loss of foreign working 
classes^ the opponents of immigration undoubtedly will recognize the value of 
immigration, and with this acknowledgement, there will be a change of sentiment 
in favor of the at present, and no doubt also in the future^ detested, but cer* 
tedjily very much needed "^foreign hordes*^* 

III B 1 
I G 

Illinois Staats Zeitung, July 9, 1914. 


Th^ once abundant flow of emigration from Germany has now rlraost entirely- 
discontinued. When economic di^^tress was severe, subsequent to the founding 
of the German Empire, five of every hundred thousand citizens determinedly 
forsook their native home to find .-^ new existence for themselves and their 
families across th^^ ocean. Since to th^. economic conditions raenrioned, is 
attributed the extent of emigration, its (decrease would be ?n indication of 
the improved conditions over there. Hence we have an uninterrupted downward 
trend of tired Germans emigrating. In th 80' s from five oer thousand of the 
population, it fell to only 2^, ten years later, in 1893, then to less then 
1^, and, finally only to 0«28^, which brou^rht to this country, about 18,545 
persons from the "Fatherland". To judge, by thf^ di-^couraging statistics, of 
the future of German Culture in North America, it would be sad indeed, were 
it not, that we are not concerned with their political divisions at home, but 
we primarily consider the fact of their German origin and language, a culture 
they possess in common. Hence, it does not appear necessary to expe^^t the 
waning of German culture here. On the contrary, it blossoms and ^rows, and 
its strength if constantly increased by the addition of imriigration from 
German -speaking countries. The totals have reached about 13,000 annually. 




Illinois Strats Zeltung, July 9, 1914. 

an3 in May of this year alone, there came to North Americr- 7,982 per;:ions, v/ho 
claimed German as their mother ton^e. Considering^ these :'i^re3 for the 
year, they will rive ^ ^ood picture of the size of immigration, vmich 
aporoximatly has kept armjind these figures for ten years. 

In sr)ite of ell pessimistic prophecies, we must state, in viev/ of 75,000 yearly, 
new arrivals, n-ermsn-Americf»n Culture has ? n expanding rich future here and v/ill 
effectively counteract the leveling r)roces3 of their English environment. The 
German press, schools, churches hno societies will continue toprotsper and to 
work. However, the vociferous belittlers of German Culture and i uS deserved 
credit in thr^ development of North America, may consider it a mote in their own 



I D 2 C 



Illinois Staat8 Zeltung, April 7, 1914 




As the past year "broiight a larger nmn'ber of immigrants than the previous 
one, it could he noticed, that the masses of arrivals this year show a 
decided decrease, compared with the number that came last year* The news 
of unsatisfactory conditions in business and industry, cuid the consequent 
decline of employment, has no doubt penetrated to the European countries, 
that have provided the largest contingent of immigrants* The unemployment, 
prevailing in almost every part of the country, reflects upon the the dis- 
inclination of Southern Europeans to immigrate and must be considered as 
the reason, that during the last weeks cuid months, more people have left the 
ports of the Eastern sectiont steerage and second class and larger niimbers than 
in the previous year went back to Europe • Of those 158,969 steamer passengers 
who arrived in the United States, 3,384 were denied admission, twice as many 
as in the previous year. 

Daily can ire learn of despotic acts and lack of consideration, with which 
the immigrants are treated especially by the New York inspection officials* 
In many cases yoiing and strong laborers are rejected on the grounds, that 
at the place of their destination, they would not be able to find the expected 




- 2 - &EHMAM \^c^ .' >. 

Illinois Staats Zeitiing, April 7, 1914. 

opportunity of employment, auid therefore woiild become a burden to public 
charity* The tendency to curtail the immigration of the laboring class is 
much stronger under the democratic government , than ever before* 

But the immigration slackens by itself, so that efforts to stop it arti- 
ficially, are not at all necessary* 

- Ill B 1 



Illinois Staats Zeitung ^ iiirch 5, 1914 


•^From Washington comes the report, that the Gerinan government protested against 
the Burnett Bill,'* If certain circles in congress think it necessary to prove 
that American culture has advanced so far that it can institute, v/ithout fear 
of exposure, the educational test of Cretans and Kutzowallachs, then neither 
Germany nor any other state can have any official objection against it. We 
German Americans are aggravated because we see in the same a treason against 
the spirit, which prevailed when the Republic was founded, and because it 
speaks of a pitiable ignorance of necessities, which the country needs to fur- 
ther develop and open up economic conditions. This phase is that symbol 7/hich 
distinguishes immigrant masses from Americans. This latter element believes 
that in the hundred years of its independent national existence it has accumu- 
lated sufficient spiritual values aside from the rolling dollar, that it is 
able to cut out an educational straight-jacket for the rest of the world* The 
hyphenated people, meaning German-Americans, is of the opinion that the 
country*s structure of civilization, is by no means finished, and to further 
this building callous muscles should be welcomed as co-workers. ' The view that 
the only spiritual values existing are those in this country, brought over by 
themselves, but containing nothing of native American coinage is pure malice. 


III B 1 -2- \^>, OgERMAN 

Illinois Staats Zeitung ^ liarch 5, 1914. 

In the home countries of the hyphenated Americans, it is regarded as an un- 
questionable fact, while the nationalist Americans will think it a malicious 
lie» If Germany has no rif^ht to interfere, when Uncle Sam sports the toga of 
the educational censor, neither has it any cause to act in ohe interest of its 
emigrants. The German government's protest is not directed against the educa- 
tional test but only against the passage in the Burnett Bill which states that 
American immigrants have to be examined by American physicians, inspectors, etc#, 
at the port of embarkation. This, naturally, is a challenge which no foreign 
country is willing to pass, least of all Germany. Its navigation companies 
are the most scrupulous in the world as was acknowledged even America after the 
TTitanic" catastrophe. Its physicians are the best educated on earth and do not 
need any supervision by American scholars or officials, and Count Bernstorff 
pointed out with great clearness, which can not be misunderstood, the position 
of his government, that it never would stand for American control over German 



I C 

Illlnole Stsats Zeittmg. February 22, 19lli. 



WFA (ILL) PRCJ. 302/5 

4 " 

It is remarkable to note what sensible ideas our great City sometimes gets* 
Although Chicago and certain rppresentatives of its English Press could "be 
; called the "breeding place and protector of the worst nativism, from time to 
time the understanding comes through that without the foreigners, Chicago to- 
day would he nothing more than a modest provincial town, reaching tne rank 
prohahly of Buffalo or Rock Island. 

' - '  ^% , 

In no way would it have "become the second largest City in the United States. 
In the light of such a temporary \inderstanding, which of course, may "be caused 
"by "business considerations, the worst of n^r nativistic inciting papers are ad- 
vocating a holiday in favor of those Chica^ citizens who, during the vast year, 
swore allegiance to the Stars and Stripes* 

Perhaps even the most arrogant Americans will "be startled after looking at the 
statistics of the poimlation of our City, and hy hearing that the cradle of 




Ill G 

I C - 2 - GEBMAg 


Illinois Staats Zeltung , February 22, 191^. ll'M (JIL) PRcj n-:* s 

approximately SOO, 000 Chic agoans stood on other than American soil* The 
census of I9IO proved that of a population of 2,185,283 souls, l,693f918, 
that is over 75 5» niust he counted as immigrants of the first and second 
generation. Our "natives'* have therefore, every reason to rememher with 
some respect the foreign element within our walls, and the -nroposed honor day 
could, at the same time, "become an occasion to clarify the importance of 
the Germans in Chicago. The enormous total of 132,281 Germans residents who 
were horn in the fatherland can hardly he -oassed ud in silence. But if to 
this number are added 2^^1,185 irhose parents were both native Germans and 
75f366 of whom either the father or the mother was an immigrant then the total 
of 501,832 is reached, which the official census reports as the -ooTmlation *" 
of^German Origin." The fact we could nsjne still larger numbprs. The 
census of I9IO showed 227,958 lustrians, 37,990 Hungarians and 7»192 Swiss 
of whom the larger part can be added to the German speaking Dopulation. 
Consequently the German element in Chicago can easily be estimated- at three-. 
quarters of a million persons* Our nativism is turning somersaults. 
It cannot get away from the fact that America is tied by a thousand strings 
with foreign countries whose people settled here and helped develop the 
country. At the same moment when in Washington the often-tried attemr)t on 


Ill G 

lT~ - 3 - SERMAN 

Illinois Staats Zeitung> February 22, I91U. ^PA /HXj ?R0).3^^^/:; 

the life of immigration is repeated, the Federal Government sends a re- 
presentatiye to Chicago at the honor-day of the newly nationalized citizens. 
Our nationalistic Press ST)eaks smuggingly of those "lucky ones'* who could 
put the citizen papers into their pockets during the last year* 

Ill G 
II A 3 b 
I A 1 b 
I C 


Abendpost . Sept. 6, 1911. 


How large is the Genaan population of Chicago? And what about it? 

No definite information could be given with reference to the first 
question* In some instances it might be said that the German population 
of Chicago has reached the 600,000 mark, while it might be Just as 
correct to state that it is not half as numerous not even 100 ,000, 
75,000| or even 60,000. The correct answer to this question depends, 
of course, upon what is understood by the name German and the people 
included in this category, and also what the objective of this answer 
might be* For instance, if a visitor from across the ocean makes the 
cosq^limentary remark that one could feel quite at home in Chicago, then 
asks how large the German population of the city is, we proudly reply 
that it is 600,000 in all* But the situation takes on a different as* 
pact if the question is asked by one interested in a new enterprise, the 
success of which would depend to large extent upon the support of the 


Ill G - 2 - a3HIv!AlT 

II A 3 b 

I A 1 b Abendpost , Sept. 6, 1911, 

I C ^ 

Geman people • In this instance we would assume a more modest tone and 
drop the nuniber to 100,000 or even less, because then v;e have in mind 
only those Germans identified with the Geriaan nation and xvho are ready- 
to lend a helping hand to their compatriots. However, if this thesis 
should be excluded, and it would simply be assumed that whoever wishes 
to be identified with the German natiOii or whoever considers the 
German language as his or her mother tongue, it vjould not render things 
less complicated, I'^'oreover, to determine the real stren/^th of the 
Germans in Chicago would still remain a big problem, even if only 
immigrants from Genriany would fall into that c tegory. It is not at all 
unusual to speak of Austrieuis, Hungarians, and people from Sv/itzerland, 
etc., as Germans and also of a large proportion of Pbles and Russians; 
although they appear as such in the census, yet their culture and 
language, by choice, is German, According to the census taken in 1900 
(the census results of 1910 for nationalities other than ;\raerican have 
not as yet been published) ther^ v.'erel70,738 natives of Germany resid- /^ 

ing in Chicago* Included in this number were 3,251 persons of Swiss ;\^' 'jpn 

•> '■:■* r..'"i. 


Ill G - 3 - GSHI^IAIT 
II A 3 b 

I A 1 b 

I C Abendpost ^ Sept. 6, 1911 • 

origin, the majority of vhom may rightly be considered G-ermans; 11,815 
Austrians; 42,494 German and Austrian Poles; 24,178 Russians; and 
4,946 Hunc^arians whose culture and language preference was also 
German and among whom there are undoubtedly many who deserve to be 
called Germans. But the nearest correct stiitement on this subject 
would be approximately 200,000 foreign-born population, who chose 
Chic ; go for their domicile at that tine. VJhat is it today? 

This implies the question what about the future of Gromanisiri in 
Chicago? Especially, did they make progressive strides or did tliey fall 
into an apathy? Despite the various answers to the first question, the 
general opinion v/ould accuse the Germans as having f al. en into a 
lethargy. The older generation is especially prone to bemoan the 
backward trend of Geiroanism in this city and if one protests their 
assertion, or challenges the correctness of their opinion, they promptly 
refer to the retrogression of German instruction in public schools and 
to the fact that the German population of Chicago cannot even support 
its own German Theatre. Then those of us who are still unwilling to be 

Ill G - 4 - GEIMAN 

II A 3 b 

I A 1 b 

I C Abendpost , Sept. 6, 1911* 

convinced against our own wishes cannot escape the litany of retrogression, 
moreover, of the shallovmess and desolaten'ss of the Ge37man societies 
of this city. They do bemoan the passing of the real G-erman spirit and 
the German customs which were so prominent among the Chicago citizens of 
German descent. 

This would indicato that \ve accept conditions as they are and say no 
more about them. But this is not the answer to the Question. It has 
not been proven yet, that there has been a decided retrogression of 
Germanism in Chicago. Those of us who believe to the contrary and who 
SLill have great hopes for tlie future, are on the right road. 

The census of 1910 v/ill probably disclose that German imiiiigration has 
fallen off, as compared with the census of ten years ago, but not 
materially so. Furthermore, if the Austro-Germans, the Hungarians, etc., 
should be included in this category, the number of German immigrants 
^fjho make their homes in Chicgo will probably pass the number disclosed 
by the census of 1900... • c,"^ 

X f..i .,1. ^ 

Ill G 
II A 3 b 
I A 1 b 
I C 

- 5 - 


Abendpost^ Sept. 6, 1911. 

The prevailing economic prosress of tho Geman riopulation cannot be 
denied; the economic situation of the Germans of Chic 3^/30 has improved 
greatly since 1900 and still greater improvement is shovm when compared 
v/ith the years preceding that period. The statement that numerous 
Germans chose to deny their descent, v;ith the increiise of prosperity, 
may be based upon reliable information. Ho:vever, it must not be dis- 
regarded that others, no less numerous, bee jrie German-conscious and 
"oroud o. their descent. 

It is also a fact that thore ore just as many, or more, Germans living 
in Chicago today than there ever were. Their offspring are regarded 
as being nujierous, but hovj large the percenta.7..3 may be of those v:ho 
still consider themselves Gentians is a question, the answer to v^iich is 
yet to come, .^nd this c in be accomplished only by demonstrating their 
strength which they have failed to do during the past te:i years. The 
lack of support of the Geman Theatre and the negiir^ihle interest in the 
study of German in public schools v-as also sufficient proof..... 

Ill G 

- 6 - 


Abendpost , Sept. 6, 1911. 

II A 5 b 
I A 1 b 
I G 

The new German Theatre is to open this autunn. Gare has been taken to 
see that a diversified repertoire keeps the interest of the public alive. 
In order to satisfy individual preferences, the repertoire for the coming 
season is composed of operettas, draraas, and comedies to be given at 
moderate admission prices. It will be a real test of Germanism in this 
city. And only then when the anticipated support of that institution 
should fail, only then, the accusation of disinterestedness will be 
justified. This v/ould, of course, indicate a clear case of Germanistic 
retrogression in Ghicago. 

Another deplorable lack of interest was shovm toward the study of the 
GeiTTian language in public schools. This would, however, require a 
lengthy explanation. Therefore, it may be well to confine ourselves 
today just to this: '^A little is better than nothing at all, and never 
dispose of muddy water, before clear water is available." 

It is the duty of the principal of evjry school to communicate with the 
parents of each student as to their desirability of the cliild's instruction 

Ill Gr 

- 7 - 


Abendnost , Sept. 6, 1911. 

II A 3 b 
I A 1 b 
I C 

of Creman. This would become compulsory if, for instance, fifty. 
students of the fifth grade of any school vzould announce their wish for 
that study. The minimum attendance of the German class by pupils of 
the seventh and the eighth grades would be twenty-five. And if the 
number of the future aspirants of one school would not warrant the 
organizing of a single class then two neighborhood schools could 
combine their separate units into a single class. Only a strong 
public demand could bring about the much-needed improvement in the 
study of the German language 


Ill G 
III B 1 


Abendpost , Aug. 16, 1911. 


Out of obscurity cones the Democratic Congressman S. A. Roddeabeiy of 
Georgia, announcing his contemplated imirdgration restriction bill, 
which can not fail to ;7in the ai^prov:^l of every person who is op )Osed 
Id the foreign element in tiis country. The well-known bill on that 
subject, which was introduced hy Senator Dillingham and ap :lauded by 
the nativists of this country, could hardly be regarded as anti-immi- 
gration, if conpLTed with the bill which Congressman Hoddenbery pro- 
poses to introduce. 

Senator Dillingham proposes that in addition to the exclusion of the 
yellow race, which is already exempt by law fTOm the privilege of being 
admitted as citizens of the United States (including Chinese, Japanese, 
and various members of the yellow race), that every immigrant irres- 
pective of color should be submitted to an intelligence test upon his 
arrival in this country* Furthermore, every male immigrant who has 

f-i" 11/ n '■ ^  
to ^-P^fl ^'* 


III G .- 2 - GERMAN 

III B 1 

Abendpost, Aug» 16, 1911, 

passed the age of 16 years, should prove his ability to read and write; < '^ "X 
while in the case of absolute illiteracy-although having no physical \, 
handicaps which would be a preventing factor in the acquisition of that ;. 
knowledge -the immigrant should not be permitted to enter this country, c; 
However, the bill is provided with one redeeming clause, namely that 
no separation of families must take place. ••• The Dillingham Bill proposes 
further a more drastic immigration law concerning the so-called contract workers, - 
limitations which have already reached the point of irrationality • The penalty 
to be imposed upon corporations and industrial concerns which would import 
foreign labor regardless of that law, should be an extremely severe one. 

This Republican Senator, who is also Chairman of the Immigration Commission 
ty appointment of Congress, announced his thorough study and ride knowledge 
of that subject, and therefore, deems further changes of the present immigration 
law unnecessary. Very gracious, indeed. 

But the Democratic Representative is not satisfied with quite as little. 
There is, of course, a comparatively small percentage of the foreign 

ITT Q . 
Ill B 1 

- 3 - 

\bendpost , Aug. 16, 1911. 


i: y ti 




element living in his state, and the importance of their votes is rather 
vague. Obviously he believes: If not, why not, and then acts accord- 
ingly. He proposes the intelligence test for persons passed the age 
of 14 years. Furthermore, that admission to this nation shall be 
permissable only if the immigrant can show that he actually possesses 
$100, besides the present head tax of $4 (pending an increase to $50) » 
The immigrant must also be in the possession of a certificate of good 
character, v;hich mst bear the official stamp of his homeland. But 
even then, the decision of admission would depend largely upon the 
immigration officials. In addition, a physical examination must also 
be performed, to which every male immigrant between the ages of 14-50 
would have to submit and which would compare with the strictest physical 
examination undergone only by recruits who enlist in the Army of the 
Federal Grovernment. The immigrant must pass all these tests before being 
admitted to this country, thus he may be prepared to join the army if 
necessity calls; else be returned to his native land, regardless of his 
imiiiaculate character and in many instances excellent possibilities. 

ni G - 4 - GERMAN 

HI B 1 

Abendpost . Aug. 16, 1911, 

V. > fi 

f • t' ^^  

»4. " 

Teiklng all this into consideration , it would be safe to assume that, 

if the proposed immigration law should be adopted , the Europeans ^ who 

would still feel inclined to seek the hospitality of this nation, could X- ^Z 

be transported to these shores in one single, moderately sized boat* 

Die radical changes of immigration restrictions as proposed by Mr^ 

Roddenbery can be regarded as a fantastic brain-storm, from which no 

real danger is looming. It is, of course, needless to emphasize that this bill 

will not gain the necessary support* On the oth^ hand, different other attempts 

are also being made to restrict immigration, the success of v;hich is not quite 

80 remote* For instance, the bill in favor of the increase of the head tax to 

$10, and various other limitations as proposed by the Republican Representative 

Hayes, of California, and indorsed by Mr* Overman, the Democratic Senator from 

North Carolina* 

The Hayes Bill proposes to refuse permission to this country to any person 16 
years of age, who cannot prove his or her ability to speak and write English, 
or at least have the knowledge of another language spoken in Europe* (Hebrew 
and Yiddish would constitute the required knowledge)* Exempt from this 
ruling would be a person coming from Canada, Newfoundland, Cuba, and Mexico 

Ill Q - 5 - GSHMN 

III B 1 



Abendpost, Aug, 16, 1911* ^yr* o 


\ y 


provided that he or she resided in the respective country not less than 
three years. He also proposes that each person who v;ould be admitted to this 
country must have $25 in his possession. 

Although each of these Iinmigration Restriction Bills differ in the particulars, 
each one proposes, however, the consideration of the intelligence test. It may 
be well to cite the fact that once during the administration of Grover Cleve- 
land a similarly drastic immigration restriction bill was submitted to Congress. 
The bill received the general approval of both Houses although it was not put 
into effect because it had been vetoed by the President. It is also true that 
the supporters of that bill will double and redouble their efforts, which they 
expect will culminate in their victory; the possibility of which can not be 

It is highly important that friends of immigration realize the seriousness and 
get busy in order to avert a calamity which would arise if the bill should be 





I L Die Abendpost , Jan. 7, 1911, 


Assurance of agricultural activity for immigrants is sought by Catholic 
priests through an organization called **The Catholic Colonization of the 
tfeited" States of America," formed by Catholic priests. This organization 
will endeavor to assure immigrants, who made a living in Europe in the 
field of agriculture, of a continuation of this type of livelihood in this 
country. The organization is putting much stress on the fact that the 
majority of the immigrants are natives of South and Southeast Europe, 
where they were engaged in agriculture. Since their arrival in this 
coifntry they were forced, without discrimination, to be absorbed by our 
industries, thus becoming common laborers under rather adverse conditions. 
The program of this new organization consists of sending a number of 
young priests to Europe, where, with the assistance of local priests, an 


Ill g 

I L 

- a - 

Die Abendpost , Jan. 7, 1911» 


attempt vri.ll be made to acquire desirable iniMir^rants as inerabers of the 
Catholic asri cultural colonies, the organization of which v/ill be sponsor* 
ed by agricultural societies, preferably in the South, These Oatholic • 
agricultural colonization societies Must pled/^e to provide the community 
v/ith a church and a school as soon as the coiomunity .^rov/s to 400 or 500 
inhabitants, Hov/ever, no attempt './ill be made to induce an^'- person 
engar;ed in agricultural vjork in IHurope to imiiisrate to the United States, 
Moreover, these societies v;ill confine their activities to assist t'lose 
who are determined to leave their native land and errdcrate to the United 
States, to the land of their choice. 

At the head of the organization is I^everend Julius 2. de V:;ss, of 3t, 
John Bergman*s communit:/, 2517 Lof^an Blvd, The vice-president, P.everend 
P, Bandini, has left for ilurope already, to carry out the organization's 

III g 

III c 

I L 

- 3 - 


Die Abendpost, Jan. 7, 1911 • 

instructions. The secretary of thtj society is Rev. V. Tesselaer, and 
the treasxirer is Rev. F. de Lango. The directors of the society are: 
The Reverends de Voss, Bandini, Tesselaer, de Lange, Glesa, Ilynek, 
Hollinger, Tarif , Riordan, and Hopper. 


Abendpost, D ecember 6, 1910 • 

WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 

The United States has ceased to consider itself as a haven of refuge for 
the oppressed and distressed. They have limited immigration by certain laws^ 
which are in reality directed against those needing help. It ie therefore, 
obvious that it was useless to emphasize the fact, that the Suropeons do not 
emigrate on accoxint of unbearable conditions, but because they desire to 
improve them, as has been done by the Commissioners of Immigration, who 
were appointed in 1907 to prepare for Congress a detailed report about 
the immigration question. Even less appropriate was their statement that, 
due to this fact, the whole problem of immigration is merely economic and 
can not be considered from a sentimental viewpoint. Indeed there remains 
very little sentimentality in these laws, neither are they the result of 
sane economic measures* For ftiis reason these laws have failed to meet 
the expectations of their originators, that is, they have not prevented, 
and not even diminished the immigration of undesirables. This, should have 
convinced the commissioner that such legislation is particularly wrong. 

The proposals made by the commission are concerned chiefly with an 

Ill S * 2  GERMAN 

Abendpost, December 6. 1910. ' ^*^*-" : ^^- a^:..^ 

••educational test" for the immigTants with the exclusion of all unmarried, 
untrained workers, with the limitation of immigrants from each country, and, 
finally, with an increase of the amount of cash required of each newcomer • 
It was left to Congress to use any or all of these proposal s» 

The whole report contains nothing new, and hardly deserves the attention of 
Congress. The "educational test" has been frequently discussed and considered 
as worthless* Even more stupid would be the refusal of young and single 
workers, because they are the most useful and are no competition to trained 
workers^ It would be likewise foolish to regulate the number of immigrants 
from each country* Such r.^gulations, even if it could be carried out, could 
not stand the test* At tiihers there would be too great a supply in the 
labor market* Experience has demonstrated that emigrants know best, when to 
come or to stay* Immigration automatically diminishes when times are not 
prosperous* Finally, it would be "malicious" to increase the amount of 
cash required to enter the United States* Since every immif^rant can be 
returned to his mother -loirn try within three years after landing, if he 
commits a crime, or if he becomes a subject of charity, it seems un- 
necessary to make it harder for those without means* 


III & 

I H 

iBBTOPOST . I)ecen1)er Isi, I9IO. 

C hildren o f A»erl ean Citlie n s* Tore lg nerg^ 




If the Ijmlsration laws prohibited the entering of foreigners who are afflicted 
with contagious diseases, eren the most liheral friend of immigration would agree to 
that. Against* the principle of the law and its execution there can he no ohjection* 
These altlicted persons constitute a danger for others, if they are permitted to 
mingle freely/ 

IT or can it he expected that our government will take care of these daigerous 
strangers, whom she did not ask to come, and to giro them medical treatments at 
public eipense* Such tmignamlmltjr worald he quite ezpensiye and would not produce the 
hest results* Ho country can afford to have any other country send its dangerously 
side people to her to he taken care of at her expense* This action would he Just 
i|s prohlhitlTS, as to permit the criminals, the paupers, and the tramps of other 
countries to enter* 


\ Howerer, there are cases, in lAlch the application of this law seems unjust and 
a||eplonihle» We refer here to the rejection of children, liiose parents IIts in this 
epantry and hare hecome citisens* 



^^  . 

Pace 2. 


ABBUgQST, December let, 1910. 


There are oany of these cases on record lately* This is not, because there are more 
children coming with contagions diseases or otherwise, bat becanse they are not 
permitted to enter under certain conditions, lAiich at previous occassions constituted 
no barriers. The Commissioner of Immigration, Mr. Williams, enforces the law in this 
as well as in other respects with unusual* and previously unknown severity* Just now 
there is a boy on lllis Island, i^ose father lives in Oregon and has been an American 
citisen for several years and who had him come to the United States from Sweden* 
This boy was not permitted to enter* because it was discovered that he was affected r. 
with a certain inflammation of the eyes cULled *tra choma"« 

Commissioner Williams demands in such cases of the Steamship company not only a 
free return trip for the 'underslrable" immigrants, but also the payment of #100#00 
as a penalty* which the law inflicts for its violation* The Cuxiard Steamship Coiapany 
has been recently ^it several times and therefore appealled to the Secretary of 
Commerce at Washington* In his reply he pointed out, that their protest could 
not be considered* in as much as the decisions of the federal courts had been de- 
finite: *and clear in such cases* The Cunard Line wanted to know if children* whose 
parents had become nationalised* likewise became American citisens, if thoy come to 


Page 3* 


MBSSSPOBT. Deceaber Ist, 1910* 

vbere tbair parents had prerloasly eoaet and expect to stay with them* This in(iair7 
was answwred in the negatiTe* based on decisions of the Courts* If an inmigrant oht« J 
ains citisenship herst all his children under age hecome likewise citisenSt according ^ 
to the imigration laws^ provided the respective children live in the United States 
at the tine when the citisenship papers are obtained* The law does not nention 
ansrthing about childreut #io still lire in a foreign country* These remain foreigners! 
in spite of their fathers naturalisation* And as such they are subject to all the 
regulations of the innigration lawst if they later enter the United States^ 

"" . ' " ' 

All this is correct* All regulations of the general iomigration laws» including 
the one referring to contagious diseases, is equally applicable to all foreigners; and 
erery child bom to a foreigner is being considered a foreigner, lAien it enters the 
United States for the first tine, in spite of the fact that his father in the 
ioteriji has become a citisen of the United States* 

The actions of the immigration commissioner is therefore within the law^ howerer 
cruel they may be at times# 

Page K 
III 6 

December Ist^ 1910« 


Btit the law can "be changed and ought to he changed* It can he changed wlthoat 
endangering oar country with a maee Inmlgratlon of sick people. The naturalisation 
laws dlecrlalnate hetween children horn In foreign countries » hefore their parents 
were naturallsedt and those 1]iom In forelgh countries, after the parents hecome 
dtlsens. All children bom of Aierlcai dtlsens, whether their parents are bom 
here ot not^whlch are bom In a foreign country, are Afto^^lcan litlsens just the saae 
as If they were bom here* Of course, this tees not Include such cases, ihere parents 
neyer hare been In the United States* The same side boy who is excluded todayt be-> 
cause his father was not an Aaerlcai cltlsen at the tine of the chlld^s birth, would 
hare been pemltted to enter in spite of his sickness, if the father had been a 
cltlsen before the birth of the boy« HI, who possess Anerlcan citisenship, whether 
young or old, and in spite of any diseases they may have, must be granted the entry 
into the States* And if in such cases by observing certain prerentime measures, the 
entry is permlssable without endangering piublic health, then we can not understand, 
why entry is refused in the other cases* Certainly it does not happen vexy frequentV 
that immigrants who hare become naturalised, leare their sick childiren in Uie old 
country and send for them afterwards, that these newcomers would constitlte a danger 
for this country. Besides, no steamship line accepts passengers, who are 

Pa«e 5. 
Ill 6 


iBBMEOPOST. December let, 1910< 


afflicted with serloae diseases* 

Under these clrcoiistaiices there Is no concluslTS reason, to discriminate any" 
longer between children or American cltlsen« If children, still nnder a^9 whose 
parents are llTlng In the United States and are cltlsens thereof t come to remain 
bere^ shonld be recognised as American cltlsens, although they may not have been 
such bp birth* 


nig aERMAN 
* III B 1 

J III A AT)endpo8t , June 10, 1904 

I ^ — 


A more improper time than the present could not have been selected by the Atlantic 
Navigation companies for their immigration rate war. As formerly cautious and 
farsi^ted business people, the heeids of these companies seem in this case to be 
stricken with blindness* The reduction of the transportation costs to the 
ridiculous price of ten dollars (boaztd included) points, of course, to an 
artificial stimulation and increase of immigration, and it was unavoidable that it 
enraged the enemies of immigration. It is twice as damgerous at a time when 
business in general is slack and when the import of alien laborers can be represented 
as threatening the labor of this country. Doubly dangerous, also, for the reason 
that only a few months separate us from the beginning of a new Congressional term 
in which, because the elections are now past, they will not be afraid to issue 
ant i- immigration laws by a hostile majority, which they did not dare to do 
before the election. Also there is no Cleveland in the President's chair to 
veto such legislation. Roosevelt himself belongs to the proponents for further 

restriction of immigration. 


Generally there should be no reason to believe that a man who pays only $10. for 
his fare is less desirable than the one who has paid $20. or $30. On the contrary^ 



Abendpost , June 10, 1904 


the less he has to pay for transportation the more money he has left when he lands, 
The rate war has not lasted very long as yet and already complaint after compladnt 
is heard about the deterioration of the immigrant that it has caused* The highest 
official of the Department of Immigration, General Commissioner Sargent, has 
declared already that he has convinced himself with his own eyes, that the low 
rates have produced a terrifying increase of undesirable immigrants* Of course 
he will not fail to report accordingly to the President and thereby assist the 
enemies of immigration* 

A special impression will be made by reports from England according to which they 
try to get rid of the "sctim" of the Russian and other undesirable immigration, 
that had settled in London and other large cities, and where they have been, for 
a long time, an object of great displeasure* The London Newspapers report, with 
frank pleasure, which smells like malicious Joy, that Uncle Sam gets the unclean^ 
disagreeable bunch of which they thou^t they never could rid themselves* 

Shuddering tales are related of the conditions inoertain London districts, especially 
Whitechapel where the majority of the people often have from twenty to thirty in 



-3- .y:^^^^S. GERMAH 

Abendpo8t > Jxine 10, 1904 

a single room* In fact, what is related, may not be much worse than what was 
written by English historians about a large part of the pure English* Anglo-Saxon 
emigration that came over here in former centuries and whose descendants deem 
themselves today the aristocracy of this country* But those are old stories 
and known to few, while what is said for the disadvantstge of the new arrivals 
is published in all papers of the country and is noticed by everybody ♦, ..* 

» III G /tWtttfAW 

I jj -ri rz uBHMAIl 

^ I D 1 a 

J p. Abendpost t January 5, 1904 



Twenty-five German immigrants reported at Police headquarters today and demanded 
the arrest of the finployment Agent, Louis Erampe, 135 North Clark Street for 
obtaining money under false pretences* According to their statements they 
were sold into slavery in the Mississippi Oyster territory by the accused* 
Hermann Mueller, 6614 May Street, the leader of the complainants, was the 
only one of the crew who could \mder stand and speak English* The rest were all 
new immigrants* 

According to the statements of Mueller he and his fellow complainants came in 
connection with Erampe by answering an ad and declared themselves willing to go 
to Pensacola, Florida, to work there in an oyster packing plant* Erampe 
promised the wages of $2«00 a day for men, and $1*50 a day for women* 

Qd December 26th they started the voyage In a special car of the Chicago and 
iSastem Illinois Hailway. Two days later they were unloaded in a town which they 


-3- to m Sj SERMAK 

Abendpost , January 5, 1904 

believed to be Pensacola* After the train left they found out that they were 
at Bay St* Louis, Miss* 

"About an hour later", - Mueller related to Detective Gallagher, who was ordered 
to arrest Krampe - "A foreman of an oyster packing plant appeared at the Bay 
and commanded us to board some trucks that brought us to the factory* The 
latter is the property of the firm of James Dunbar and Sons* 

The next morning we started to work* We had to open oysters, and received one 
cent for each pound of oyster meat* We worked for three days, realized that 
the strongest and fastest man among us could hardly earn fifty cents a day* 
We talked the matter over and inalstet that we would not do any more work until 
we could speak to the manager of the concern* 

What is the idea?" said Dunbar* "I have not sent for you and you should be 
glad that I ^rve you work. I paid $5*00 for each one of you* It might be 
better for you to take up the work again at oncei" 



Abendpost t January 5^ 1904 1 3 ''^A ^l 

"I stated that we woxild open no more oysters, but that we were willing to work 
with the oyster fishermen who are earning more« 

No, said Dunbar, nothing doing* You go back to the factory or you quit* And 
if you don't go back at once I will have you all arrested* 

I declared to the gentlemen that we have friends in Chicago who would look 
after our interests* The next morning the railway car that brought us there 
was pulled up again* We were ordered to board it and not to show our f^ces 
again* We were brou^t back to Chicago* When we complained to Krampe he 
refunded to each of us $5*00 of the $10*00 we had paid him* He declared 
that the Labor Agent, Gregg of the Frisco Hallway System had requested him 
to ship us* We had believed that we would find remunerative occupation in 
the south* 

We have to get hold of Krampe* The court investigation will decide whether 
he is guilty^ or someone else* 


-4- InWim ^J GEHMAW 

Abendpost t January 5» 1904 

Mueller signed the order for arrest against Krampe, nho was accused nine times 
before in similar cases* 

Ill a^H,7l2J 

I L 

Illinois 3t'-<ats-Zeitung , .ipr. 5, 1901. 

iNc:a;j32D CHRi.jiN r.if:iaR .ticii 

After a considerable standstill, the Grerman iiniaigrati on has become 
alert onco again. The influx of Gemans at the port of New York, 
during the month of March w.;s quite heavy compared v/ith recent years. 
These iirmiisrants comprise excellent human material, destined for the 
Vfestern part of the country. Heav^^ iiii.iigration has also been reported 
from Baltimore, adding that many of the nev;comers - Liostl3^ bound for 
the West - are prospective farmers, provided -vith sufficient funds to 
purchase farms, preferably in Kansas. 

Men who will engage in agricultural work are especially welcome in this 
country. ITot even the overly alarmed .\merican industrial vjorkingmen, 
i^ise protest against that type of im^aigration - they v/ho live in con- 
stant fear of foreign labor competition. This is plausible because 
farmers do not increase competition of American 1- bor, on the contrary, 
they become consumers of the products of ;\merican industrj?-. . . . . . . 



I L 

Illinois Sta-Lts-Zeitung ^ Apr. 5, 1901. 

The large Gennan inmigration to this country is a sign that the 
Geimans have revived their preference for the North and the West of 
the United States v/hich can be regarded as a salvation for .themselves 
as well as for us. 

\k '.■■■■ 

Ill 5 

I H 
I C 


Abendoo?t . Feb. 19, I90I 

TEE- CHAI«G-I1,& STHFAK '"■F im!lrTllA.TiniJ ' 



.<^- '» ,, 

Prom th^ statih^tic? of inrni --irrtion f'or th^ year IQOO the fp.ct is in evi- 
dence that the over-'helmin,:: najorit^'' o"! ne^^coTner? c^ine from Italy and 
Eastern Sijrope. It demonstrates the laovenents of emi.-^'ation from one 
p^rt of Europe to .'^nother one.. The incre-^se of population in the 'Jnited 
States which has reached such hei^2jht^ in one century, is to ? tprert ex- 
tent due to a ceaseless stream of immi£iTption v/hich poured into this 
country f^om the western, northern ?'n(\. central part of 2uroiie. Just re- 
cently, the southern coimtries of TDurope, -s Italy and the Balkrn states, 
as well as Hussia, 9T^- beginning to take uart in this movement toward 
lihe western continent. 




Althouf^ emigration from the different countries increases "because of 
overpopulation, T^hich intensified the stru^2;le for existence, or hiecause 
of political or religious pressure, nevertheless, it can "be observed that 
a peculiar geographic change ha7:)pened in regard to. emigration tendencies. 
In the beginning of America's devalooments the nations of v'estern Europe 
sent their pioneers of culture to this newly discovered country. .7rom - 
Spain and Portugal came the founders of the Latin republics of Central 
and ^outh America. . ' 


- 2 - 


.VoendpQgt , Fob. 19, 1101 


From 5'r.^nce cpne the first white settlers of loT'^er Cpnpdp, "^Von Englr-nd, 
Scotlend pnd partly from West rnd South G-orm^-ny cane the i mini p;r ants y/ho 
settled in the colonial states of the 5a^t pnd Soith of ITorth America. 
This took plpce dnrin-' the 17th ^^nd loth centur:/, pnd diirin^^ the firet 
half of the 19th centiiry lpT^:^e masses of people came frora Irel^^nd. 'ATien 
the Irish imni^ption diminished, Grirmpn immigTp.tion set in, ^nd from loUS 
until the Givil ''^ar; r.nd. a.ciain reached r, renarkahle hei^^t froTi 1S73 till 
1SS9. It 'vas a mi^^ation, as it were, of the S-erm.rnic nation, through 
v/hich the United States received r certain n- tion element, v^'hose influence 
over its economic and intellectual develooment cannot he siifficiently aj)-' 

Durin;^ the last decade of the past centiJry t'le n^y/coners from 3'---jr'\'^"y de- 
creased considerahl2/ and amounted to 25^1 only of the previous decade. 
The reasons for these chan^^s are to he found in the fact th'at Germany 
needed t-ie a.vailahle ^^'orkin;< men, ^no. th t economic conditions in the. 
United St-'^tes had hecoiae v.'orse. 

Immigration from Scandin'^vian countries increased simiLltaneously ■'-ith the 
German. It swelled fron IgJO until 1S90, and then diminished to one- 
half during the following decpde. 




- -^ - 


Alpend'post , Feb. 19, 1901 

On the other hand, fei^: im:^ii,^c'^nt?. cr'ie.fron the South and Eas't of 3nrope# 

in ISyO and diiring the follorin^ tv;o dec.-des. Bnt ^4noe 129-^ ovor one 

million v:\ot9. cane fror^i It:^ly, Balkan states, Poland, Huesdr^, end. Finland, 

then diirin,;; the previous UOO verr? rince the dircov^ry of AT^ericp. . .It 

apoe^rs ar if the stream of imnii^-rants ir still s^.^'e] "^ in,;-.;. Perhaos t-:e 

political* event? in Ef^st ICiirope '"ill cau?e a ^till ^oater of 

inirai;t7'a.nts. Mass-immi.?;r.- tions fro:n Finland is expected, pnc\. the n^xnber 

of those, desirin^^ to erl prate frpra the Balkan st^-tes, is steadily incre«? 
i n o- 

p p— 

During; t-ie years from ISyO until 1^90 appro xirn-tely 300,000 cnj^e to this 
country/ from 3elgi"aii, ITetherland, Deninark, and .Switzerland, hut imni/pra- 
tion dir.inished ^^fter 1^90 fron these co'mtries. 

Of the 19,000,000 inmi^ants, rho h-ve coTne to this coimtry since 102O, 
about B, 000, 000 of them ca:ne fron ^''est l^urope, ahout 7,000,000 from Cen- 
tral Europe, especially fron Grer':an.y, 1,^00,000 fron rTort-i Europe and 
?, 500,000 fron South and. East Sirope. 

Ill g  • _ u - . . (y^R;^^ ,^' ^^ 

Abendpor^t, I^o^o. 19, I90I 

As 'nentioned "^^efore, the stream of imm^[;r.?nt? from Soutri pnd. EaF.t I^^iirope 
are increasin:^ continually, while it is dininishin from t':.e ot'^er eec- 
tionc. It is: ;- "I'^ell-'inov.'n fret that the steady fro.n these sec- 
tions is not altogether desir.'-^h" e for the United St-^'.tes and it ap;">eaTS 
that stricter iTunit^rtion la.v;s r^re necessary c^n.' inevitahi.e. 



III s 

ni H 
I c 

I G 




Die A^end-oost. July 18, I9OO. 



Since we have a census- that is for 120 years, the Germans have furnished the 
largest numher and even to-dsy this nationality shown the highest percentage o^' 
inmiigrants, as may "be ascertained from the following tahle, the result of two 
censuses :- 





Russians and Poles 







Canadat etc 

Yenr ISgO Year I9OO 

2,735,000 2,610,000 

1,872,000 1,789,000 

1,252,000 1,2U5,000 

933,000 l.OiJO.OOO 

330,000 , 700,000 

30ii,000 670,000 

' 183,000 665,000 

113,000 120,000 

lOU.OOO 110,000 

107,000 110,000 

81,000 90,000 

1,187.000 1,020,000 



■^j, ' 



- 2 - 


Die AT^end^ost, July 1$, I9OO. 

Since there axe many Swiss, Anstrians, Russians and. also Germpns among the 

Canadian immigrants, we may conclude th?t there are al^out three million Germans in 
this country and that their progeny, the second anc' third generation increased 
this amount to 10 million^ Although the 19th Century showed an exodus trend for 
Germany, there were many wars which killed millions, the ''erman T)eo"Dle increased 
from 15,500,000 to 55fOOOf 000 in the course 0^ a century *hile the poDulation 
of France only rose from 25,000,000 to 38,000,000 Tfithin the sajne iDeriod^ 

Ill G 
I C 


Abendpost. Aiigust 28, 1899. 




V pyrt" li 

fc, >, 

» h^j^ . o\jl/ x^ 

One of the most contemptible papers printed in the United States is the 
"Puck." One issue of this paper contained a picture recently, which is 
an outrage upon our free coioitry^ A ballot-hox is pictured and on the right 
side of it stand a nxixnher of naturalized citizens, ready to vote. Every- 
one of these voters, a Germant an Irishman, an Englishman, a Frenchman, 
etc., were halved, that is, they appeared on one side as German, English, 
Irish, etc., and on the other side as Americans. On the left side is 
the well known figure of "Brother Jonathan," and these words come from 
his lips: " Shall I grant these people the full right to vote, because 
they are half Americans only?" 

We can not imagine a more shameful attack upon the naturalized citizens. 
They have done so much for the development of our coixntry, and are still 
doing it. The constitution guarantees specifically all rights of American 
citizens, with the exception that no naturalized citizen can become 
president or vice-president of the United States. 

Ill Q 


I C - 2 - SERMAH 

n on9 

Abendpostt August 28, 1899. \f;pp. (ij^^.^ ^RQi-oU 

Did the stupid publisher of wpuck" ever realize that every naturalized 
citizen has to pay taxes in full like every born American, and not only 
half of themT 





I H 

I C 

«■ #>rin».«.. 

Abendijost, September 9, IggS. 




The Board of Education of this city ordered the su-Derintendent, J. E, 
7itsgerald, to take a census of Chicago and to classify the inhahitants 
according to their nationality. The census is finished and the 1,851 $588 
inhabitants of the city are tabulated according to their nationality as fol- 
lows: German8-U90t5U2; Ainericans-U88,683j Irish-2U8,lU2; Swede s-111,190: 
Pole8-96,853; Bdheinians- 89,280? Norwegians-U5,690; English-UU,223; 
Russians- 3&,9875 Canadians- 3U, 907; Negroes-25,8lUj Italians-23,06lj v 
Scots-22,9U2; Franch-21.8U0; Dutch.l9lU8j Hungarians-U.lWl; Welsh-3,77U; 
Chinese, 2, UU5{ Belgians-2,011; Greeks-l,6UU; Lithuanian8-l,Ull; Spaniards- 
568; Mexlcans-152; Mixed descent- 5 f 95^? Arabs, Armenians, Japanese-l,713» 

Q£^ the total populatifli 67 5^ are born in the United States, which is an 
increase of 2 5^ compared frith the census of 1896. The Germans are still 
in the lead, but the Americsins-ref erring to all those, whose parents were 
bom in the United States, will soon overtake and surpass them in numbers^ 
Two years ago the "Americans" constituted 20 5^ of the total population, and 


-'. 'C'''^S^ * ii 

- 2 - 


A'bentoost, September 9, 1S98# 

this percentage has Increased to 2^« 

According to these investigations there are 212,000 children attending 
puhlic schools and llU, I70 children attending parochial schools, traning 
schools, kindergartens, etc. 

There are 3^ illiterates in Chicago, 2UU persons are deaf and dumb , and 
53 are blind* 

•'.•>,'■., • ) . 





I c 







Al-)end-DOKt . Seot. 3, 1?9S 


Rev. SoTTinerlatte, "npna-i^^r of tho "Ei^"bor I!ipsion" of t' e Heforr.ed Chiirc 
in I'eyi Yorl:, reoort? th^ :^ollovdn^i: "Bein,^- en^loyed ?f b nirFionr^ry in 
the KaT'bor of Hew York for the ei,;ht yec'^rs, I hrve orid particular 
attention to the T.nnding -^f 'er"^r.n steer-."^e ;;)psFen,j;er and have as^i^^ted 
ther: p9. much p.9 possil:)le. .. 

Durin^^^ the part yepr ^-^e ^-itne^.f^ed to our sorrow ho^v th^^^ hea'^thiert p.n6. 
strongest ^er-ians- :'?ere co-ipelled "by force to return to 3-ernpny, rfter 
they hc?d "been held in TTer Tori: for weeks. A"? 1 stoerar,'*^ i:)-s:sen,^ers^ ?.re 

with illegitiTTic^te children, ror'^rried women, if the huph-md i? not alre/=dy 
in the United St.-^tesn nust return to Grev^.pny, Clerksi, students , layyers, 
teachers, army-officers, puhlic-officers , all these ^re heing sAnt hrck 
"because they are not skilled workers. * ^-^ 


' •> -'" r^ •« 




I c 

WPA (ILL) PROJ. 50276 

AbendpoF.t . Sept. 3, IS^S , 

"Persons, rho ^ f;ve relatives or friends h^re, rrf> permitted to Trnd, -pro- 
vided the l.-^tter a^ee to tpke csre of t le imini^^rants. In r^se the friends 
or relc?tive refuse to do so, the irinigrants cpccv he rent "back. If any of 
the innigrpnts cpnnot /answer the ?R questions phout his personal affairs 
to the -^^erfect satisfaction of the officials, or he "betrays in the Teast 
that he has )rospect of work, his ^^-ase is referred to a soerial office. 
Upon the decision of these gjecial officers denends t::e fate of the imni- 

"Formerly the ini:d iteration conrdssioners ^vere of -ierTnan descent rvi^^ there- 
fore liberal . 5ut in recent times all the officers have heen Irish aJid 
"besides, the raost irn'oort-^nt ^^ositions rre held hy ontstandinv; leaders of • 
the trade unions, therefore imreasonahl e severity prevails. 

"The latest re/'ulrtion is that the iimi^-rants must str-te to* v'hat reli£:;ion 
he or she "belonf^s. A Catholic has a "better chanr^e to -^et throu{^h "because 
most of the officials .".re C- tholics. . , . , 


• • 

-• • ~  * 

I C 

- 3 - 





A.bendpost , Sept. 3, 1898 

"All irimigr.^nts, comin^ti in as steeraf^e ■orspen.:.;erp are treated like 
Xorisoners, v^hether they deserve it or not." 

Thepe condition?. ^^.IthoUi^h sonev^hat exaggerated in certain resoects aJ^e 
actiially prevailing, Tlie official 'Attitudes c?nd actions towards thec?e 
immi^ants ha? chan^^ed endi is now rather insiiltin,:;;' pnd rbusive. The im- 
rl^^ption lav/s r-re appliec! 'nth tmreasonnh! e severity, T)'"3"ticularly 
since Powderly has "been appointed as Inmi^rg^ation Superintendent. Since 
-the fire on Elli? Ipl^nd thi? nro"bleTn he9, hecomo more difficult. There 
are no^^r not sufficient huildin-^s to .j;ive to the inini^;rantr the nece???ry 
comfort? during their ^^t/?y for a clo?er examination, or waitin ; for a " 
written secority frbn their relr^tive? or friends. Their stay indeed is 
similar to r jail sentence. 

The total nu^h^-r of iTnni^p:*ants who hrve "been rent hack is n'^t as Ipr^-^e 
as one would assune according to the ahove portrayal, ana :-\eir not exceed 
a total of 1,500. 



■\ _ 



III B 1 
V A 2 

-I C 

Abendpostt Jamaary 22nd, 1898. 

The Undesirable and iineducatedC An Editorial on Immigration.) 

The entire evidence for those who favor the '*Lodge-hill" is hased on these two 
sentences, 1«) Immigrants who are not educated are undesirahle* 2.) IJndesirahle 
Immigrants are those who ate not educated. And for each of these two sentences, its 
defenders have no proof. We are the last who would "belittle a good school-education. 
In the first instance, the required proof of education (the evidence that one can 
read or write) is not an assurance, that one has "been properly tutored, that one can 
think independently and reach sensible (logical) conclusions. Secondly, a school 
education, even the "best, is not the primary cause why immigration has always "been 
necessary, in former years as well as to-day. Where is the state in the Union, who . 
would not prefer 100,000 strong fisted, healthy farmers, riho know how to cut timber, 
pull stumps and convert the wilderness into tillable farms, to a similar number or 
even one tenth of this siim, of writers, bookkeeDers, schoolteachers, lawyers or '.^ 
other literary and cultured individuals? Is there anywhere a city or state in this J^ 
country where there is a dearth of store or office help, or any other kind of work ! 

Pa^e 2. 

Pie Abendpost. January 22nd, ISgS. 

where the knowledge of reading and writing are of most importance? Are not these the 
lal)or8 to which the native youth nishes? The efforts, which are regarded as "genteel" 
where no exertion of the l)ody is needed, where the young man(or Mr, Boy) can take good 
care of his hands, manicure his fingernails and where his clothes enable him to 
play the "dudS*" Do the United States siif-^er from an insufficient su-oply of "Clerks" 
and"Bookkeepers" , stenographers and typewriting artists or do we need people with 
musfeular arms and strong fists, who are ahle and willing, to perform the arduous, 
disagreeahle and dangerous lahors, which the mass of the indigenous Americans shuns? 
Do we need more agents, "office-sitters" and desk-ink blotters or more people who 
know how to handle a pick and shovel? Who, in the future is to extract the coal 
from the dark recesses of the earth, or build railroad enbankments in the torrid 
heat of the sun, dig canals, pave the streets and remove the dirt , if the dispised, 
"Ignorant" foreigners who always did this work, are not allowed to cone to our shores? 
Their presence which is greatly to be appreciated made it possible for the native 
American to select the more pleasant, easier, the better and more profitable callings. 
Somebody mus* do this manual work. If they are not performed by the immigrants. 

Pftire "^^ 


h ' 


Die Abendpost. January 22nd, IS9S. 

then they must he done hy th'^^ natives, and the American lahorers will have to retreat, 
while heretofore they rode onward and upward on the banks of the ignorant foreigners, 
who always held the lowest johs. For such dirty work which has always "been done hy 
the despised ••Huns and Dagos*' and others of their ilk hut which the native and the 
hetter educated and skilled immigrant lahorers disdain to do, for such work, it is 
surely not absolutely necessary to have that school education, without which no 
one is to he given admission* It is plain nonsense, that the unschooled imraigraiit 
is undesirable, merely, because he is not educated. 

The second sentenc8 is not any better, which describes the undesirable immigrants 
as uneducated. We know of no more undesirable workers than th^se who shy away from 
honest work, the lazy and the vermin who ''with the aid of their smartness*^ live at 
the expense of others, the cheaters, counterfeiters, thieves sjnd other cro'^ks of all 
sorts. And these, as a rule are not recruited from the ignorant class. To the 
contrary the higher their degree of education the more dangerous they become to the 



. Pair;* 4, 


Die Abendpost. January 22nd, 139S. 

The mass of the immigrant always consisted of honest, capaWe, and willing 
workers, regardless of their school-learning. There is no evidence to prove why the 
immigration of the next century should not he as useful to this land as it has heen 
during the past hundred years. There is no , reason for a legal restriction, since 
experience has shown, that immigration controls itself, whenever our conditions 
make an influx of lahor unprofitable. If the gentlemen Lodge and Associates really 
have such great fear of the people who lack schooling, then ahove all things, they 
ought to fight the ignorance in their own country where a rich field is available. 

The largest is there, where the native American is least affected hy immigration. 

Ill G A^.end-oGt , Docenber 20, 1897 GER^L^Jf 

I D 2 a (2) 

(Sditorial) A Deplorable Decree 

The Anierican Federation of Labor, at its annual meetinvS in llashville, 
accepted a resolution to request of Congress an acceptance of the Lodge 
Bill that is directed against immi^ation. The leaders who advised this step 
may soon firri out that they have made a grave mistake* The American Labor 
movement will sinlc dov/n to an egotistic, brutal and reckless battle for 
personal benefit, as long as the Unions stand for the point of view, that not 
the laboring class in general hns to be elevated, but that only members of 
the Ar.erican Federation of Labor must receive preference. 

After the American Unions have slammed the door in the face of all those 
weary and overburdened ones, who want to save themselves in the land of 
freedom, it is imposr>ible for them to come forward as pioneers of sublime 
principles to improve the condition of entire humanity. On the contrary 
they have to admit that their sole am.bition is to obtain for their members 
higher wages and better working conditions, than other laborers can find. 
Also thisSriving is fully qualified, ia the same sense, as is the striving 
of each business man to obtain as great profits as possible. But with just 
as little right as when the merchant cnlls uron the world to honor his 


A', Decen^er 20, 1897 GEHI^A^t g »^-f-A- ^'1 

passion for gain as a carrier of happiness to mankind, the Unions cannot 
appeal to pulilic or)inion v/hile thev only care for their pjembers and intend 
to strive only for naterial advantr^^-e?^* In this, they put themselves en the sane 
Tolatform as the mrjiufa.cturers who only demand "protection" for their o\7n 
products, or with the agrarians who put down an appe.^J. to the ^-overnment to 
artificially raise the prices of v/heat« But he who dema,nds privileges for 
himself only, a-^-'akens the opposition of all tho^e who must he nefrlected by 
individual favors. 

Notwithstanding, it cannot he for the "benefit of the tradodiiions to enact 
the "educationaJ. test". Tliose im-^igrants who cannot even read and write, 
do not figure in competition with the trained artisans, of whom the trade 
unions consist. The seeming exceptions to this rule are the coal miners, 
hut it is plainly to he understood that contractors will cra^ft, under no 
circumstanes, skilled Ir.hor for work that can be clone by laborers of the 
lowest educational standard. Therefore the suspicion arises, that the leaders 
of the unions, who denianded the approval of the "educational test" not only 
excluded the ignorant immigrant s, but would like to prohibited the 
iramigration entirely. 

Atendpost , 'December 20, 1897 

If the trade unions must "be counted upon as a "body that hrtes foreigners, 
they Trill lose a great nuiilier of their friends and their respectability viill 
not increase. 



The resolution could have heen fructrr.ted if the Germa n union men had hrou^t 
in their full influence  But it is evident, that not only in this regard 
are the Enc^lish-Irish influences authoritative - and this is ahsolutely. 
for the harm of the lahor movement* A little Gorman idealism would certainly 
be to the "benefit of the latter. 

Ill s 


DIl iBBmPOST , Horem^er 29th, 1S33. 

The Oeman Ismigratlon • 


According to rollabla etatlstical reports of the Ana rican Immigration office t from 
1S73 to IS^. a total of I7SI3U9 persons emigrated from Germany to the United States* 

The German goremment has tried desperately during the giren x)eriod« to direct 
German immigration towards the German colonies in Africa, hut without any noteworthy 
results* Apparently the freedom in this country has heen a stronger attraction for 
German immigrants, than the stern rule and pel ice-regalat ions in German colonial 


♦i III B 1 

' 1 C 



W.P.A. p) 


Abendpost , December lU, IggU, 



With the literacy tests for immigrants Senator Lodge of Massachusetts is in 
such a hurry that he wanted to force the acceDtance of this "bill immediately after 
abolition of the "business rales. This means, he expected of the Senate to vote 
ahout such an important affair without any debate, while otherwise it is the 
custom of this body to talk for weeks over the most unimportant affair* With 
this motion he did of course not succeed^ but the Senate resolved, to consider 
the bill as "unfinished** business until January IJth and to "out it to a vote 
on that day. This means that no other bill can supersede this one and it 
must be put before the Senate on this day under all circumstances. Its ac- 
ceptance is therefore almost certain. 

The bill differs only in a few points from the one President Cleveland stopped 
with his veto for undisclosed reasons. It is milder only to a slight extent; 
as it does not exclude the Canadian and Mexican migratory laborers any more 


In c 

 in B 1 

I C - 2 - GEHMAH 

A'bendpost, D ecem'ber lU, IS9U. 

in consideration of our own migratory lal^orers in the Canadian gold districts. 
The alien-haters still claim, that the few thousand laborers who live in Canada 
or Mexico and find occassionally occupation in the United States, menace the 
Grand Repuhlic with ruin, but they subordinate their patriotic anxieties to the 
insatiable "Anglo-Saxon'* money hunger. For fear that the Canadian Government 
could take reprisals and share the American gold diggers away from the Klon- 
dike, they will not close for the -oresent time the frontier to the Canadian 
"birds of passage*" This alone is remarkable for the sentiment of those Gentle- 
men who claim to worry only about the preservation of American customs and 
Institutions. For gold their "holy" convictions become saleablel 

Since the first Lodge bill was killed by Cleveland's veto, immigration did not 
swell up in a dangerous way but it slowed up very considerably. The proof has 
therefore been shown that immigration does regulate itself, and that it is un?- 
necessary to fear a "flooding" of the country by "uneducated foreigners" and 
that we need not further restrictions by law. Notwithstanding that Congress 
neglects its most important tasks, as e. g. the bankruptcy law and the improve- 
• ment of the railroad laws, in order to hit the "foreigners" again. 



Ill c . 

Ill B 1 ' 

I C . - 3 - GBBMAITv 

Abendpost, December lU, IS9U. 

But \mfortunately it must be admitted that the Congress is incited "by the Labor 
Organizations that overwhelmingly consists of immigrants. The "leaders'* of 
the trade unions attack the foreigners consistently and the members, with few 
honorable exce-otions, raise no opposition against these doings. Either they 
are too lazy to go to the meetings, or they are too prejudiced by the illusion 
that their own condition will improve when no more laboring forces are ad- 
mitted. How erroneous this perception is, the future will show and besides the 
laborers will feel sorry for it some day that they lent their arm to the darkest 
reaction. The spirit oT intolerance which they have invoked, they will not be 
able to dispose of so easy, and when finally the entire labor movement will be 
declared "tua-American** , they ohly can accuse themselves. That it will come to 
this, can be concluded not only from the many decisions of the American courts, 
but also from the turn which the fight against the Unions has taken in Great 
Britain. One need wait only for the destruction of their ••tyranny" in the 
motherland, than it will be proceeded against also in the danghterlandf 

Ill G 


'^Vi.?A.2| GERMAN 

Die AT?endT>08t. July 23rd, IS^h, 


The following figures are giving a graphic picture of Germany's population 
Increase during the last SO years}- 


1820 26,29^,000 

1830 29.250,000 

I8U0. 32.787.000 

1850 35.397.000 

I860 37.7^7,000 

1870 UO, 818,000 

1875 U2.729.OOO 

1890.... U9,U28,000 

The study of these figures is explaining the urge of expansion in German 
military politics and also the increasing German immigration to America. 

Ill G I":; n.rA r/l GERMAN 

I D 2 c* 

I H Die Abendjoost. May 2Sth, IggU. 


The present poor labor-situation and lack of enrol oymr-nt has caused many despairing 
immigrants, who came from overseas to this country during the last 12 months, to 
return to their homeland. 

On the othf^r hand, the immigration to this country has dror)T)ed considerably for the 
same reason. Thf=re is only a total of 70f006 "nersons, that entered the United 
States as immigrants during 1893. Th^re were only 3U59 Germans in this total. 

Unless our Industrial conditions improv? consid'^^ra'bly, the United States will lose 
its attraction for immigrants. 



I C 


> Die A'bendposty March 12th, 189^. 

Interesting Figures. 

The Federal Immigration office has puhlished a report, which ^ives the following 
statistical figures:-- 

Since October 1820, a total of 17,113,997 persons immigrated to the United States. 
Out of this total, Germany sent U,UgU,UgO immigrants* > Ireland sent 3f6Ul,UgO 
persons, Scandinavia, 1, 086, 3^» 

The remainder of the total were immigrants from various other T>art8 of Europe and 
Asia* While this immigration took place, the American population rose from 9f633fOOO 
to 62,622,250 souls (census of I890) . 

Considering the relatively rapid increase of German elements in this country, it is 
safe to say, that 2^ of the American i^eople are of German extraction* 

Ill G 
I C 


ABgngQSIg. Sept«mber Jth, I893. 


Praise For The German Inmlgration. 

After a report of the Bureau for Statletlee In Washington a total of 3SS000 Italians 
have emigrated to the U* S. up tc the year 1S90* Since IS90 up to 7une IS939 210000 
came alone from Italy and in the last year 72000* Likewise the ntu&ber of 
immigrahts from Russia and Austria have greatly multipliedt while the immigration 
from all other European countries and especially from Germany have greatly decreased* 

The statistical department regrets this although it does not directly concern this 
office regarding the diminishing of the German immigration in comparison to the 
Increase of the Italian immigration* 

The author remaxics correctly that one can find 1000 German immigrant families as 
settled farmers, before a farmer from Italy can he found* hut that the Italians 
seldom leave the Mg cities, and only Increase the proletariat, and taken as a wholf , 
are afraid of hard lahor^ further he remarks that the diminution of the German 
immigration is the cause of the agitation against all Immigration lAiich started in 
the last few years and he feels sorry for this condition* The German, he says* is 
a much too touchy character, as to go any place where he is seemingly not wanted* 

Pae« 2. 

n.j .A. . 


JBEHIPOST, September Jth, 1S93* 

He Is BRxch too proud of his great fatherland, to seem onlj to be tolerated in another 
country and while we chase away the desired immigration by oar own agitation* we draw% 
on the undesirable one in great numbers. 

Ill G 

II D 10 




Illinoia Staats Zeitung , Jan. 30, 1893. 



The quarterly iseeting of the GermEin Catholic priests from the diocese vas 
held on Jan. ISth, under the leadership of the district club^s president. 
Rev. W. Netstraeter. The session was held at the rectory of St. Joseph's 
Church; all the priests of the diocese were present. In regard to the trans-* 
actions, particular mention should be made of their resolutions to become 
affiliated with the St. Raphael's Club of New York and as such to give help 
and protection to Chicago immigrants. 

As confidential adviser, }Jlr. Christoph Frische, owner of the steamship tick- 
et agency at 101 V/ashington St., has been officially recommended to the New 
York Club as interviewer of the inuxigrants. After the above named gentleman 
has received the New York certification, the local club will do its share in 
obtaining special privileges for him from the railroad companies. This se- 
lection, which resulted after a lengthy deliberation, is a very fortunate one, 
as Mr. Frische enjoys an excellent reputation among the Catholics of this 
city. The new arrivals are therefore bound to respect his integrity and 
have confidence in him. 




III 1 


I C 


I F 2 (Polish) 

I F 2 (Bohemian) 

I F 2 (German) 

I F 2 (Swedish) 

WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 

Illinoi s Staats Zeitun:;;; ^ Sep. 22, 1892. ' 


The county judges held a conference yesterday in order to standardize the pro- 
ceedings appertaining to naturalization. This became necessary as several 
judges, the younger ones in particular, relied upon their own interpretation 
of the law and their opinion wa=^ not always in conformity v/ith the actual in- 
tent of the statutes. 

In raany cases, people vdio intended to become citizens found their path blocked 
by uncalled for difficulties. The Republican campaign leaders have resorted to 
this method, since they note with terror that this is no opportune time to 
convert immigrants to Republicanism. The Gerrrans \vho v/ant to become citizens 
this year, are almost exclusively ^Itgeld and Cleveland partisans. The Poles, 
Irish, Bohemians, Italians, and Russians are at a loss to understand why they 
should become affiliated with a party which is dominated by the '•Know-Mothing" 
element. This leaves only the Sv/edes for the Republicans and their vote will 
actually benefit Fifer, at least a majority can be relied upon to bolster their 
ranks. Small wonder then, that the Republicans already scent fraud everywhere, 
whenever naturalization comes to the fore and they vent their lofty moral 



I C . 

I F 2 (Polish) 

I F 2 (Bohemian) 

I F 2 (Germn) 

I F 2 (Swedish) 

^ ^ 

Illinois Staats Zeitun[: ^ 3ep. •'2, 1892. 



Uj- Kr-o^L,/ i) 

indignation and caterwaul for the state's attorney's help and intervention. 
The Democrats, however, will not regard these tricks with indiiierence and 
equanimity, nor v/ill the iraraigrants remain apathetic to this contumely. 


Chicago Tribune , August 9, l892. 


••Willkonanen'* was written in large letters over the entrance to Ogden*s 
Grove yesterday, and as the old German settlers passed in they smiled 
as they thought of the hearty welcome they 7/ere to receive at the hands 
of the Chicago Turner's society, which had charge of the picnic. The 
weather could not have been better, and everybody was in good humor. The 
crowd began to arrive at 11 o'clock and increased hourly until the early 
afternoon. Great preparations had been made for the comfort of the 
older ones, and everybody felt at ease. Old friendships were renewed 
and new ones made. Great onslaughts were made upon the lemonade stand, 
and the lively old man in charge stood in great danger at one time of 
being swept away by the rush of the thirsty and perspiring. As for the 
German national beverage it was put out of sight so rapidly that the 
brewer's trust will probably declare a larger dividend than usual this 
year* The Committee on Entertainments worked hard to make everyone happy. 

Ill G , - 2 - GERLaN 

ChicaRO Tribune, A ugust 9 , 1892 . ^^^ ^^ ^^,^ 3^275 

Louis i^'ettelhorst, the chairman, was omnipresent* A register was opened 
in ifhich all pioneers who settled in Chicago or its suburbs previous to 
1869 were entitled to put their names* Bach received a silk badge 
inscribed with the year of settlement* Nearly every person present except 
the little folk wore a badge, and it took a large staff of busy clerks 
the entire day registering names* Over 3j^00 old settlers registered* 
The interest of the crowd was centered in the collection of the beautiful 
gold medals which lay in velvet plush cases* The first gold medal was 
for the oldest settler present, who had continuously lived in Chicago 
for the greatest number of years* This was pinned upon the breast ' 
of F* Diddrich of No. 672 //est Twentieth Street* He is 70 years old 
and was born near Kownigshofen, Bavavia* Kr* Diddrich is a carpenter 
by trade and works everyday* He was not impressed with Chicago when he 
first came* The only thing he could see was swamp, and the only reason 
he stayed was because of lack of funds to get back* 

Ill g - 3 • GERMA.N 

Chicago Tribune . August 9, l592. VVFA (ILL) PROJ. 302/5 

Mrs« Solomon Haas of No. 94 Laflin street 71 years old, and who came 
to America September 15 > I839 won the medal of gold for the oldest 
woman settler present who had continuously lived in Chicago for the 
longest number of years. Justice I. 3. Brandwell secured the medal for 
the oldest settler born in Germany who had continuously lived in Chi- 
cago the greatest number of years. He is 64 years old and has lived 
in Chicago since May 15, I834. Mrs. Rosanna Marshall won the medal 
for the oldest woman settler bom in Germany. She is 72 years old and 
came to Chicago May 14, l837» Nicholas Schroeneck now wears the medal 
awarded the German-American workman who showed the longest period of 
continuous employment by the same firm. Mr. Schroeneck has worked for 
the 'ifeber Wagon Company for 41 years. Miss Margarethe Seeger, having 
been general housekeeper for K. Jacob Caspar Schneider of No. 207 
Indiana street since l857> was declared the winner of the medal for the 
German-American woman who had been in the employ of one family the 
longest time. Miss Seeger is 53 years of age. As the oldest member 
of the Order of Chosen Friends, B. L* Ross won the medal awarded for 
that purpose. He joined the Order in 1856. 

Ill G - 4 - GERMAN 

Chicago Tribune . August 9, l892* VVFA (ILL) PRO j. 30276 

The oldest couple of the old settlers whose combined age gave the greatest 
number of years was !• S» Lindon and Lesette Lindon, whose combined ages 
were 150 years • They were married in Brmhsal, Baden in l842» The 
oldest couple bom in Germany, whose combined ages given the greatest 
number of ye.ars were Mr» and Mrs. John 3. Kunse, whose combined ages 
amounted to 14? years. They were married in Serleberg, Prussia, in 
l842# Here follows a list of the oldest people present with residence, 

age, and date of arrival in Chicago To the music of an orchestra 

which contained four members of the Great Western Band, which played in 
40*8, the old people danced for bouquets. Louis Nettlelhorst made a 
speech to the settlers, in which he thanked them for the great interest 
they had shown in helping to bring the city into its present prosperous 
condition. Games were provided for the children, nearly all of whom 
received presents. Fireworks in the evening concluded the day's en- 
j oyment • 

Ill G 

^ II B 2 d (1) 

Illinois Staats > Zeltunp; March 18^ 1892. 



At the meeting of the Sunset Club, which took place yesterday , at the Grand 
Pacific Hotel f the topic, "Inmlgration" was debated* The chief speakers were 
S» Thompson, the former editor of America and Fritz Glogauert the publisher 
of the German Abend post • Thompson came to the conclusion that not all 
Immigrants are a benefit to the United States, because Europe Is not sending 
Its best citizens over here* He referred to the census of 1880 according to 
which only 13Jg of our population Is foreign bomt but that 17% of the Inmates 
of poor houses, 21»8% of the prisoners, and 2Q% of the Insane were foreigners* 

Ur. Glogauer explained that the reason for the high percentage of foreigners 
among prisoners Is to be found In the fact that usually the small thieves are 
caught and punished and the big ones go free« Insanity, he rejoined. Is In most 
cases the result of the bitter struggle for existence* Our Immigration lawst 
Mr* Glogauer replied make provisions against the landing of paupers and Insane 
pt^rsons t but they are not carried out* 

Ill G 


III A -p 

I C Abendpost , Aug. 22nd, 1891. r- 


The "Heal Americans" have finally succeeded in finding an excuse for their S 
aversion to manual lator. They claim they do not wish to compete with "For- SR 
eigners" in this respect. The greater the numher of "Aliens" coming to the 
United States, the greater is their antipathy to compete with these semi- 
Barharians. A local newspaper makes the following statement: "Our inexhaustible 
resources and our many inventions have made it possible for millions of Americans 
to earn their livelihood as employers, clerks, agents and "businessmen, without 
getting their hands dirty as their forhears did. 

However, it is evident that not the natural resources and inventions, hut. the 
"Foreigners" have made this possible, "because the Irish, the Germans and the 

Southern-European immigrants are doing the hard manual work such a general 

trend for business, the exploitation of all natural resources and the working- 
class, cannot '"be found elsewhere. Under the directions of Americans, the 
millions of immigrants were used differently than is the case in Europe. 

- 2 - GBRMAN 

AtendiDOst, Aug. 23. 1891 Z 


More than a dozen of prosperous states have replaced the great grass-covered 9 
plains and the virgin forests in less than fifty years. The United States has '^ 
"become the granaries of the Old World. Industry has likewise developed to ^ 
such an extent, that they could control the world markets if the absurb tariff 
would not prevent it. Credit for such results is due to the "Foreigners'* who 
did the greatest part of the work. 

In view of these facts it seems resonable to expect, that the "Americans" would 
he exceedingly grateful for these advantages, .. .The same newspaper also remarks 
that "the American men and women are becoming physically inferior, due to the 
lack of muscular work and that this accounts for their inability to raise large, 
strong and healthy families. Besides, large families are no more desirable. 
The average citizen is satisfied with one or two children and many do not want 

However, it is not true that their physical inferiority is caused, by lack of 
muscular exercises. The young men are strong enough to take part in the most 
strenuous sports and athletic exercises, and the young girls can dance all 
night through, without complaining about fatigue. 

Ill c 

- 3 - 


Ab endpost , Aug. 23, 1891 

The "Yankees" are not too weak to raise a large family, but they are too fond 
of ease... If a man desires children and expresses his wish he is considered 
inhuman. The women are the bosses and they take advantage of this. They dis- 
regard their duties, which nature imposed upon them, but not the cruel man. 

Even the "Yankees" take these conditions at times seriously. They are afraid 
for the future of this co\xntry and its institutions, if the half-civilized mobs 
from the east and south of Europe, to a ever greater degree displace the "Angelo* 
Saxon" element. 

This causes them to demand stricter immigration laws. 

Ill & 

II A 2 

Die Atendpost, Oct. 4, ie90. 



The shrinking row of old settlers has lost another member, Mrs. Anna Martha 
Best who died yesterday. 


She was horn in 1818 in Hesson Darmstadt, (GermanjO and came to New York in ^ 

18S5, where she married* In 1839 the couple came to Chicago and started, a o 

vinegar factory, at 14th Street and Indiana Ave., which was a success and ^ 

later hecame a hrewery. The business prospered well and later on, in 1850, pj 
was bought up by Conrad Seipp. 

Mrs. Anna Martha Best was known for her kindness and htimanitarian activity. 
She is leaving behind 5 sons, Henri, Martin, Charles, John, Frederick and 2 
married daughters. Mrs. Niggermeyer and Mrs. F.H. Fregel. 

The funeral will be held Sunday at 10 A. M. 

Ill G 
I C 



Die A'bendpostt February 10 th^ 1890. 

Character of The New Emigrants. 

The'lfimigration statistics of last year show a decrease from Germanyt Sweden, Norway, 
Englandt and Ireland, Imt a surprisingly stronger influx from Hungary, Bohemia, Po- 
land, Russia* Italy and Trance* Considering the dissension ivhich the American 
Press raises a'bout these peoT)le, especially the "Huns**, it will he of interest to 
quote from the New York Sun» At present about 1,000 people arrive daily at "Castle 
Garden" , a large part stays in New Tork and it does not effect us much, in 
population business, and public order. Simultaneously with the immigration stat- 
istics the report of the New fork Police Department is available to give elucidatioa 
Many of the facts therein listed, prove, that the assertion: "The emigrants are an 
undesirable, maliciously inclined lot," is entirely fallacious. As far as "Actual 
breakigg 6f laws" is concerned, the evidence points to the contrary. 20 years ago, 
Naw Tork^s population consisted of 9^fOOO ''^th 72»98'+ arrests. At present we have 
1,700,000 people and annual arrests of 90tOOO. Evidently, this augers well for 
New York's 20 year period of immigration. No one can accuse the police of showing 
greater laxness to-day, than formerly,nor that they give especial consideration 



Die Abendpost, February 10th, lg90« 

to these foreigners* 

Uost of the legal transgressions are within the brackets of City Ordinances, 
which are Tinknown to th^ new arrivals* Lack of ample funds also prevents 
clrcruaventlon of the law, as far as this class Is concerned. 




- V(.Pi. O.! 


V "v 

I i" 3 

Chicagoer .u-beiter-Zeitung , Oae. 12, I888. 



Our county agent, A* S. Reynolds, who is in charge of public welfare, 
has rendered the accounts of his official activity. The author in this 
statement praises himself profusely* As customary when drawing up such a 
report the official suggests changes and improvements which he con- 
siders necessary* He recommends measures to be taken which are as 
dumb a8 they are brutal. Up to now, people who were absolutely penniless 
or sick and who had relatives or friends in the country, were enabled 
to rejoin them at the expense of the county. Thus the county got rid of 
them and in most of the cases the people were helped. 

Reynolds proposes now to discontinue the free transportation allowance - 
because - those nquesting it are mostly foreigners t 


ii-r-*^.^4w , 

. 2 - ' GERM.>iN ^ 

Chicagoer Arbeiter^'Zeitungt tt^d > 12, l888# 

He says that the total sum spent for free transportation during the last 
year amounted to $1,623*25» He considers this amount as having been 
taken away from our poor ones. This statesman and stepfather of the 
poor seems to be a poor arithmetician. Suppose those people, mostly 
••foreigners" who left Chicago at the expense of the county, had stayed 
here, how much more it would have cost to take care of their upkeep 
and buriall But all that this man wanted was to advertise the fact that 
it was mostly foreigners who took advantage of the free transportation 

The county agent seems to have forgotten that the vast majority of all 
grown-up people living in Chicago are ••foreigners .*• We will not argue 
with this stupid politician. Reynolds extols his own administration to 
the limit. The reason for this self-praise is his care in spending the 
money allotted for relief. 

- 3 - GERMAN 

Chicagoer Arbeiter«'Zeitung « Dec* 12> l888. 

Even the smsill amount allotted for relief has not been used up by the 
county agent* But the money allocated to Reynolds and his political 
allies has been disposed of with the exception of a few dollars. 

In order to supply the poor of Cook County with coal for $12,966.51 and 
food and medicine for $7f479.l8, $10,33* was paid in wages for officers 
for this tremendous work. Such results enable the hypocritical Reynolds 
to praise himself. All in all, $13,578.40 was spent to distribute about 
2,000 tons of coal and ;|»7.479.l8 \vorth of fooli 

And with such results a mEin has the audacity to brag! We state and are 
able to prove that the county agent and his allies unjustifiably 
squander too much money at the expense of the poor and that the adminis- 
tration is so organized that the poor have to suffer and starve while an 
unnecessarily large staff of officers and clerks is leading an idle existence 
wasting public money. 


Ill G 



I C Chicago Arbeiter Zeitung, 3e>3. 17, 1888. 



^ •/•. 

The Democr^.tic uohgressmnn Dates has recently handed doWff a bill in the house 
v^iich demands in gener^.l the principles for rejection of naturalization of 
aliens. He states as reasons: Crimes, immorality, ^ nd unlawful imi]igration 
into the United States, Furthermore no alien shall be pronounced citizen by 
any court, either federal or state, who cannot speak the English language and 
cannot read the constitution in its original wording. 

Also excluded from acquiring citizenship are polygamists, anarchists, commun- 
ists and socialists or members belonging to such societies. Besides, a per- 
son has to reside at least six years continously in the United States. The 
thing tha.t interests us at present is whether this bill is an administra.tion 
bill, as Cleveland says in his acceptance letter: 

••Before I take care of this part in the pending customs question I would likd 
to voice my opinion in reg-irds to a more direct and more effective protection 
of the interests of our v/orking classes v/hich although always carefully 
guarded at every change of our customs laws, will be improved by the pro- 
hibition or reduction of immigration. 

•*The importation of workers from foreign countries in big swarms v/ho have no 

- 2 - 



Chicar^o Arbeit er Zeitung, Sep. 17, 1888. 

intention of becoming citizens or of taking any lasting interest in our af- 
fairs results in nn overflow in all branches by people v;ho work for wages 
that would not satisfy the .^jnerican workers demand.'' 

Reg^rdinn the rush of this bill and other circumstances we suspect it to be 
another administration bill bringing our Grover's desires to the surface^ 
An explanation of this question has become imperative before election, for 
the articles in the Gates bill do not only hurt the interests of the anar- 
chists, communists and socialists and the polygamists, so tastefully cora-^ 
bined v/ith us, but concern the majority of the whole population of the United 
States whose mother language is not English. 

If all those should be excluded from citizenship who c-^nnot speak the Eng- 
lish language, then these papers could be refused to at least ninety per • 
cent of all Greroans, Bohemians, Poles, Frenchmen, Scandinavians, etc« 

"le are, of course, for the idea and have voiced our opinion repeatedly, that 
every immigrant should get accustomed to local conditions as quickly as pos- 
sible and adapt himself first of all to tho English language, but for most 
of them this is not possible even in the course of a few years. 

- 3 - 


Chicago .\rbeiter Zeitung, Sep. 17, 

1888 • 

The immigrant worker is mostly emplo^/ed in shops where his country men are 
working and if he should work with English speaking fellow workers all he 
possibly could learn would be confined to shopmatters or a few daily events 

High words like those in the constitution will not be acquired this way. 
a more extensive education, for a thorough study of the T^nglish language 
from books and papers, he lacks not only time but knowledge and money. 


Worse off even is the farmer who often has no chance for months to hear one 
English word. This present bill therefore is aimed against all non-English 
imriigrants and the question as to whether it is an administration bill de- 
mands an answer urgently, 

T7e hope that the German Democrats who are immediately concerned by this bill, 
will not take too much time for the answer, otherwise v/e must accept silence 
as confirmation. 

Ill G 
I H 

Chicagoer Arbeiter Zeittuig ^ J\me 22, 1888* 




In eonneetlon with the ninth Republican National Convention in Chicago the 
great Dick Powers arranged a Workers* parade yesterday, ordered by his 
political bosses in honor of Gresham* 

The workers were Italicui street sweepers, who underbid their Irish predecessors 
with their wage demands and misplaced them and political bums^ 

The banners bearing the inscription: Trotect American Labor, •• were therefore 

Ill a 



Illinois 3t83,ts Zeltung, May ?3, 1888. 


The Engl ish-Ameri can press mentions more often and more definitely the 
necessity of restricting immigration. Formerly^ remarks in regard to this 
subject, were more carefully warded; but cf late the editorial col^Jirans of 
of our ne^'S-papers give this matter more publicity, and the number of those 
demand.inga considerable restriction of immigration is growing deily. Te did 
not suspect eight years ago, at the time when the imnigration of Mongolians 
were restricted, that the sr-^me thing would happen so soon to the immigrants 
from Europe. The attitude toward immigration would not be so infavorable as 
yet, had not the anarchistic agitators provoked this; but the bitterness 
against it was increasing rapidly, and it is inconsequential, whether it 
reached its climax a fe^^ years sooner or not. To erect higher walls in the 
near future against mass-migration from Europe is inevitable • A "hard working 
American" made these statements to a New York Newspaper: 

"Encoura^^ed by your brief remarks addressed to the working men of this country 
I wish to tell you the opinions of tens of thous.'^nds of American workers. The 
unrestricted imnigration is eating the heart out of our workers, and destroys 
their manliness. The r)olitical cfuestions of free- trade and protective tariffs 
does not include the worker. The American worker must be protected against 

*?;£,' .-jVi-'-^;,.''-! 

JX:^ W 


Illinois Stpats Zeltun^, May S3, 1868 

the foreigners who v^ork for low vrc-^es. Of what "benefit are protective 
tariffs for us, if cheap la>)or can be brought here frin Europe, ?5nd if these 
foreigners are r)ermitted to work for lower wo^es in our industries, thereby 
throwing us out of work? This mass-immigr^,tion is more detrimental to the 
workers than free-trade* When the Slovak miners came into this country, the 
coal miners in the Lehigh Valley were doomed, because the Slovak can live oh 
two cents T)er day^ he i^ not human, but lives like an animal, an^ is not worth 
the powder it takes to kill him. The republic of the United States har. no 
significance for him. This country is not a place of refuge for the poor and 
oporesed of all nations, nor is it an asylum or a Poor House for the whole 
world. The iCuropeans have no more rifrht to come and settle in this country/, 
than those from the continent have a right to settle in Hyde Park, London. Our 
lawSt indeed permit immigration! but these l?ws violate our rights, an-^ we Ameri- 
can workers will compel the law .makers to chrnge the same. "The same law, which 
excludes the Chinese from this country, include the right to keep all other 
nationalities from coming here. According to our laws, no Chinese can land in 
this country who is depending upon his own labors for his livelihood. We Ameri- 
can workers want to have this law include the Czechs, Hungarians, Poles, 
Italians, and Russian, Gernan, and Polish Jews. We want to see this law 
amended, so that no foreigner can land here without paying a tax of $100. It 


CrSEVJlU -,*-- 

 Illinois St( : ts Zeitun°: . I.te.y :?3, 1688. 13 fy.P.4 o 

has "become imperative to exclude from our country thes^-. foreign elements." 

This is only one of the many, who demand the restriction of imrii^retion, and 
^e will not be surprised to see this nation erect barriers which no 3urooean 
country, no matt'^r how vr^iGtly overooi^ulater, dared to co. Svei'ything matures 
very rapidly in the United States* The Hev/ York Sun indorses the idea of 
their writer to b certain extent, but many of the smaller ne^7spepers are al- 
ready highly enthusiastic about it. 


III g 
I C 


Chicago Arbeiter Zeitung ^ Dec* 24, 1887* 


Inmigratlon to the United States during the current year is estiioated to have 
reached the 50^000 nark, an increase of about 264,000 over last year* The inmi** 
gration to the Ignites States has only four times during its entire history, exceeded 
this nark. The immigration represents the following nationalities; Germans, 
100,000; Irish, 70,000; Scandinavians, 66,000; Italians, 41,000; Englishmen, 26,000; 
Russians, 22,000; Scotch, 20,000* 

The Germans and the Scandinavians choose as a rule the west and north west as their 
domicile, the Italians and Irishmen remain east of the Mississippi; the English 
and the Scotch are usually engaged in trade or craftsmanship and are therefore to 
be found in cities of big industry. The Russian insiigration is increasing greatly; 
according to statistics of the last 50 years, the immigration from that country 
was altogether only 38,000 from 1820 up to the present time* 

Ill Q 

II D 10 



IV CHICAGOER ARBEITEH ZEITUUG, S aturday. Jiine 2^th, lgS2. 

Voices of The Peoplel 

To the Germane of Chicago: In consequence of the rising immigration and the increasin 
congestion of relief seekers at th» offices of the German Societyt The work of the 
latter has increased to such a itegree, that the employees cant any longer fulfil 
their duties however much the individual memhers of the council of administration 
are trying to do their best in giving assistance and in simplifying the business 
methods* Unfortunately it must be admitted that the enemies of the Society are not 
keeping up with its increased duties and that, due to its lack of funds, the 
society is unable to employ more help* But with the aid of the German population, 
we could increase our activities especially in paying more attention to the 

Until now almost the ¥^ole time of one of our employees has been consumed by per* 
sonally collecting the three monthly dues from our members who live scattered all 
over the city* To avoid this, it has been proposed to ask the members of the 

Page 2. 

Ill G 
II D 10 


CHICAGOER ARBEITER ZEITUKG^ laturday. June 2Uth, 1882. 

society to pay their dues annually instead of quarterly. 

Simultaneously we take the opportunity to urge all German speaking citizens who are 
not. yet mem^)ers of the German Society to consider the necessity of help for needy 
Germans and to Join the Society* 

The Finance Committees- 
Conrad L. Niehoff 
Louis Wampold ) 
F. Madlener ) 
Wilhelm Vocke ) 
Max Eherhardt 


Ill G 
II D 10 

Chlcagoer Arbelter Zeitung , May 29, 1882 



The German Societies of Chicago and St. Louis have communicated with their 
New Tork colleagues regarding some complaints, that the immigrEuits in 
New York are not receiving any paid receipts for over-weight-luggage, in 
several cases the immigrants by changing the train had to pay again for 
overweight to their final destination-People, who expect relatives or friends, 
should notify them of this condition. 


Ill a 


Chicagoer Artelter Zeit\mg » Apr. 3, 1882. 


Again a member of the ill-famed "brotherhood of '^ hotel runners y one Nicolaus 
Schaltz, has "been caught red-handed at night. This scoundrel working as sol- 
icitor for the "Rock Island House, snatched away an immigrant's luggage on 
Saturday night and forced him to come to his Hotel. When %. William Meyer 
who had charge of the immigrants, o'bjected he was knocked down hy the ruffian. 

The police took care of him. 



II B .2 d (1) - VJ?A- ?)) (HSRMAH 

'n B'l ChlcaeoT Arbelter Zelttmg , Saturday, March U, 18g2» 


'I H The Illinois Staatszeitung entices Germans into a fraudulent 

colonization scheme. 

(taken from the Western Post, - St. Louis.) 


The Illinois Staats ZaitTing. a few months a^o, published a detailed report by 
Mr.Beichert regarding the new colony. New Baden in Robertson County, Texas. Herr 
Reichert claimed to have hO years experience in real estate all over the United 
States and to have found the soil in this particular County to be the best. The 
result was that quite a few wrote to Mr.Rrfehert, but the inquiries were answered 
by a Mr.Raap from Baden, Germany, business man and farmer and supposedly a new 
colonist, explaining about work and wages and including a plan of the city, church 
and schoolfhe wrote, had been taken care of. 

Attracted by this proposition several families arrived full of hope on Febru- 
ary 21st at their destination. 

New Baden did not exist, except for a barn holding three old horses and what 
was probably Mr.Reichert's cattle. The farmer Mr.Raup, was found to hold the 
Jobs of schoolmaster and preacher. The population through our poor souls was in- 
creased to 10. 

Similar proceedings if engaged in by a real estate company might possibly be 

Page 2. ^ 


,irB"2d(i) - l2«.P-^-^'l 

II E 1 Chicagoer Arbeiter Zeltung . Mar. 4. 1882. 
^ III A ...^ 
I H 

excused » /but this 'onscrapulous exaggeration in order to entice people into a non- 
existing colony is in any case a fraud. 

signed: Tr. Zapfe, Fr.Lenkeit, G.Hothamel 

of Chicago, 111. 

Ill G 


Illinois Staats -Zeitunr.. Aug. 12, 1881. 



(For the Illinois otaats-Zeitiing) 

In looking at the iianiisrants at Castle Garden one finds that it is still > 

the ''little fellow" as of yore, the laborer or the tradesnan, who con- ^^ 

stitutes the vast majority, precisely as tv;enty years ago. But the journey ^ 

formerly wade by hundreds is nov; inade by thousands. Have the conditions Z 

affecting these people changed so materially that they find it necessary to ^ 

emigrate? To ansv/er this question v;e must consider life — then and now. £ 

According to former laws a child bom on a farm or in a city was legally 
restricted and considered a subject of the country or the city. 

If a person in later years wanted to obtain a job elsewhere, then a cer- 
tificate had to be shovm wherein v^as recorded the bearer's place of birth, 

Ill G - 2 - GEBMN 

Illinois Staats-Zeltung , Aug. 12, 1881. 

and a statement liad to be obtained of the landowner or the raayor per^ 
mitting the applicant to seek employment beyond the boundaries of his 
own community. No employment could be obtained without these documents 
because if the applicant became a pauper, or even if he becaiae ill, the 
district in which the jobseeker was born had to take care of him. Even 
marriages could not be contracted unless the officials of the community ^ 
consented because such an act mi^ht cause the impoverishment of the in- 
dividual and thereby would cause a drain on the public treasury. If a 
young man had a job on a farm, then he tried to ingratiate himself with 
the proprietor so that he could advance and take the place of a /regular/ 
laborer if one should die. The average salary was ^^?15 to ^24 a year an*d 2 
enabled him to buy a cow or a goat and one or two pigs, to which his em- oo 
ployer gave his consent, of course. His bride earned less, but from her ^ 
meager savings she managed to buy a bed and a few of the most essential "^ 
household articles. 3o the marriage ceremony could be perforraed when the 
laborer had received /the proprietor's/ permission. A few children were 
usually already present, since courtship lasted for many years, and 

Ill O - 3 - GEIILIAN 

Illinois Staats-Zeitung , Aug. 12, 1881. 

morality in the country districts was nothing to brag about; all that 
one could say was that betrothed /brides/ re^^ained faithful. Tiie laborer 
had a good income, according to his own opinion. In the winter at thresh- 
ing time he earned enough grain to supply bread throughout the year, and 
he raised enough potatoes to feed the family and fatten his pig. A few 
chickens produced enough eggs for his needs, and he also planted flax so 
that he had cloth for shirts and workclothes. Milk was supplied by his 
cow or his goat. His earnings, as far as money was concerned, were small; 
the average income was fifteen cents a day, but supplemented by the sale 
of hams, it was enough, and he saved a little, provided that there were 
no accidents, and that no sickness occurred. The poor were put into the 
poorhouse and worked there according to their ability. These paupers were 
families of which the provider had died and a few old persons who had no 
living relatives, everybody abhorred the poorhouse, which usually had only 
two rooms, one for men and the other for women and children; the kitchen 
was shared by edl, and consequently only two people, as a rule, lived at 


Ill G - 4 - GBRMAN 

Illinoia Staats-^eiturig , Aug. 12, 1881. 

the poorhouse, the most inco]ni)atible man and the most loathsoide shrew. 
The laborer's widow married again if she was not too old, often faking 
as husban^ an exceedingly young farm worker, just to escape from the 
poorhouse; and lonesome old people lived with their children if they 
had any. The people were not accustomed to anything else. True, some 
families emigrated; but when glowing accounts of the nexv continent ar- ;fc 
rived, no one believed the stories because reports had been cunningly ^ ^ 
disseminated that the letters were only written to induce people to go ^ 
to America so that they mignt be fleeced. Indeed, in one particular in- -T 
stance a lazy fellow came to America, and here he v/as more dissatisfied ^ 
and more disinclined to work than he had been at home; so he virote to £ 
his former boss for money to return, and the request was gladly granted. ^ 
vVhat the penitent sinner related upon his return ;vas of such nature that 
no one for rdles around thought about leaving. And such cases ;?ere nu- 
merous . 

Then came the year 1866. The soldiers from the country districts and 



Illinois Staata-Zeitung , Aug. 12, 1881 • 

the small towns saw different environments , different people, and more 

liberal institutions, and they became familiar with a better mode of life* 

It made them think, and upon returning to the old localities, they found 

them too much restricted. The letters from the United States were now 

regarded differently; more understfinding had come to the people, and many 

decided to emigrate. And the war of 1870 made the people still more receptive ^ 

to the idea of freedom, since they perceived the less restricted conditions ? 

prevailing in Frsmce. The letters of emigrants who had left after the Austrian ;!- 

war /1866/ generally contained good news, and so emigration reached unheard-of r 

proportions. :_ 

When the Gruenderjahre ^oom years after the Franco-Prussian Wa^ brought 
easy money and high profits, emigration diminished, but the crash followed, 
and with it a cessation of industrial activity. 

Furthermore, personal -property taxes were increased, and this particular 
brand of tax found especial disfavor among those who were not well to do. 


Ill G - 6 • GEBKAN 

Illinois Staats-Zeltung , Aug, 12, 1818. 

since low salaries and rising living costs tended to loake money scarce, 
and usually when cash was at a very low ebb, the tax collector came around 
to gather a small sum, a trifling amount in the latter *s opinion, but 
really large as far as the little man was concerned. Besides, the 
average person had become accustomed to better living at the time of the 
war, and in the boom years thereafter, sind in hard times which followed it : ^ 
was difficult to forget past prosperity and to become used to present re- ^ 
strictions* Although the administration passed new laws which eased the i^ 
tension, dissatisfaction was not entirely eliminated because matters ap- -J 
pertaining to liberty were generally held in abeyance • The new residen- rg 
tial law which permitted a person to marry without obtaining consent if 2 

he had resided for two years in a community turned out to be a two-edged ^ 
8word« The large landowners did not like to keep their laborers for two 
years so as to let them become residents. Instead, the landowner pre- 
ferred to rent a place for them m some village or small town and to sup- 
port them for two years /there7 to get rid of them ^or they would then 
be residents of the tow£/« As a result of this policy certain communities 

Ill C> - 7 . GEHL^AN 

Illinois otaats-Zeit\inr% Au^. 12, 1813. 

v;ere overcrowded v;itii poor people, and consequently a hi(;^i tax was levied 
to take care of then, iill this proraoted emigration. 

Besides, there were many successive crop failures, and farmers kept fewer 
laborers; but taxes did not decrease. They v;ere even higher, for tiie 
works begun by the administration, such as churches and schools, in the 
boom years now arrived at completion. V/hoevcr Jjio^ ovms land, from the 
SFiallest gardenor who spades his plot of ground to the largest farmer, 
wants to sell. Regardless of the fact tliat the German prefers agricul- 
tural pursuits, and that prices are commensurate with actual values, of- 
fers to sell /now/ exceed tiie demand. One need only look into the 
smallest country sheet or the larrest city newspaper to verrify this as- 
sertion, ^uid nearly all the people who wish to sell their land offer it 
with the inter^tion of coming to A:v.erica. '.»Tioever has cash would rather 
let it remain in the bank, where no interest is obtained, than invest it. 
To this must be added the alarming conditions in Russia and their possible 
effect on Germany. 

Ill G 

- 8 - 


Illinois Staats-Zeltung . Aug. 12, 1881. 

Although emigration apparently has subsided in Genaany, in the fall and 
spring it will reach considerable proportions again. One must consider 
that according to German law the laborer can only quit his job in the 
spring or the fall. And then there is this year's crop failure in north- 
ern Germany to be reckoned with. Winter crops were practically destroyed 
by the severity and changeability of the weather, and summer crops, in 
many instances, failed to come up. Since March there have been continous 
drought and wind. Pastures are bare, and livestock must be fed on the 
clover intended for winter use. How herds will be depleted, how many heads 
of cattle must be sold in the fall in order to conserve feed for the re- 
mainder and keep them alive till ne^ct spring, can only be conjectured. 
And livestock is the main source of income for the farmers of northern 
Germany. No grain or dairy products to sell I Not only do the people in 
the eastern provinces complain, but even the cattle breeders in areas so 
highly cultivated as Mecklenburg, Hoist ein, and Pomerania. All the let- 
ters received from private sources in these districts express the same 
thought : . 



Ill G - 9 - GSHLMT 

Illinois c^taats-Zeitxins , Aug. 12, 1881. 

"Since Llarch v/e have had no rain except that in July there v;as one shower 
which soaked the ground. How will it end?" 

Taxes, bills, and interest, ho^^vever nust be paid; these three things are 
oblivious to good or hard tines. iiS a result of the succession of bad 
seasons the farmers now have little cash, and even people i^egarded as very 
wealthy have collapsed. It is not overpopulation which induces people to 
cross the sea but actual v/ant. Tlie v;ars of recent years inade the people 
of northern Germany realize their situation, and necessity has showed 
them the v;ay to make a better living; and while a German does not gladly 
leave his native land, actual want drives rich and poor alike to our 
shores . 

Dr. A. iilvers • «J* 



Illinois Staats-Zaltung , July 28, 1881. 


In the twelve months from July 1, 1880, to ^une SO^, 1881, 210,000 Germans 
came to the United States, besides some 40,000 Austrians and Swiss, who are 'f- 
eonsidered Germans in this country* No special emphasis need be placed on 
how highly welcome this influx is to our German-Americans because every new 
contingent of a hundred thousand Germans delays the Yankee intention to 
Tankeeize all immigrants and makes it certain that our future Americanism 
will have a definite, fair, proportionate German element. 

In GermaiOTf however, the nonsensical opinion still seems to prevail that the 
emigration to America represents a misfortune, or at least a great loss to 
the German Empire* FOr years the people abroad have figured that every 
capable German worker represented a capital of so many thousand reichsmarks. 


Ill G - 2 - GESraiAN 

Illlnola Staats-Zeltung . July 28, 1881, 

and that throue^ this emigration the Reich was losing millions and even 
billions in actual money* 





This conception^ in the main, is traceable to the old ideas which prevailed 
about free trade, which, however, have now been proved to be in the main 
fallacious by the crash of 1873# The theory maintains that a nation is 
wealthy only in proportion to the pxt)ductive capacity of its people without Q 
regard to the consumption of goods—the ability to buy» This doctrine is 
really antiquated; it teaches that a item can produce so much in goods, and 
hence he is worth so much, and that value is lost if he leaves the country* 

Although such reasoning appears to be very simple, it is also highly mis- 
leading since the main factor is entirely lost sigjtit of • The chief problem 
arising is this: Can the labor be utilized? A bag full of pearls is not 
worth 80 much to a famished man in the desert as a canteen of water, and if 
a land has an oversupply of labor, then an ever-increasing number of additional 

Ill G • 3 - GSBRMAN 

Illinois Staats^Zeltung, July 28, 1881. 

laborers wbose work cannot be utilized will be a ourse and not a blessing. 

If the natter is considered from this angle, then one must conclude that 
Germany ou^t to be veiy glad to find an outlet for its surplus workers 
instead of lamenbing the constcmt emigration. Germany's over-population 
and the evils arising therefrom will at least be somendiat laitigated if ^ 
some of its people go to America. 

After all, is there any danger of Germany's becoming overpopulated? Professor 
Ruemelin of Tuebingen says definitely yes, cmd he gives the following reasons: 

**In the nine years from 1871 to 1880 there were 11,000,000 deaths in the 
Geiman empire and nearly 16,000,000 births. This gross increase of 5,000,000 
means an actual increase of 4,135,000; the remainder, 865,000, leave the 
country. This is equivalent to the population of a large state, comparable 
to the annexation of a new province more populous than Alsace-Lorraine, Baden, 


III G - 4 - Ggg^IAII 

Illinois Staats-Zeitung , July 38, 1881. 

and Hesse and representing an addition of one tenth to the nation's total 
population, but there is no increase in area in this instance." 


Ruemelln estimates the increased national expenditures arising therefrom 
at 1240 million marks yearly, since he figures the per capita need at 300 
marks per year* Translating these figures into requirements, drain on ^ 
national resources, food, etc., then one may peruse the estimates given 
by Vieb€Jin thirty years ago, when he established the average person's 
needs. He considered the following figures as the minimum requirements 
per person per annum: 362 pounds of grain, 51 pounds of meat, 360 liters 
of milk, 60 eggs, 21.15 pounds of wool, 5 yards of linen, and 16 yards of 
cotton goods. If these figui^es are multiplied by the actual increase in 
population, 4,135,000, then we need today 14,968,700 hundredweight more of 
grain than was required in 1871, 2,108,850 hundredweight more of meat, 
1,488,600,000 more liters of milk, 248,000,000 more eggs, 9,000,000 more 
pounds of cotton, 20,000,000 more yards of linen, and 66,000,000 more yards 



Ill G - 5 - (BRMAN 

Illinois Staats-Zeltong , July 28, 1881» 

of cotton goods. The additional grain alone reciulres 1,750,000 acres of land, 
and 1,000,000 more milch cows must be provided* 

Ruemelln feels convinced that German agriculture cannot cope with the Increase ^^ 
In population, that Is, that It cannot Increase agricultural production accord-^n 
Ingly* 6eimacy*s dependence on Imports to support Its people Is therefore ^ 
bound to mount continually* According to the present average rate of Increase ^ 
In the population, Germany will have 50,500,000 people within the next ten !^ 
years and nearly 57,000,000 Inhabitants toward the end of the century* ^ 
translator's note: Germany had 56,000,000 people In 1900 according to the r^ 
census report^ Is the national Increase In wealth sufficient to meet the 
demands of a larger population? Industry and commerce would. have to solve 
the problem; but are these branches of our economic order able to provide 
a solution at this time? And what about the future, with Its ever mounting 
demands? The additional amount of labor which Is provided by each separate 
Individual must be taken Into account, of course; but these workers produce 

Ill G - 6 - G3RMAN 

Illinois Staats-'Zeltung , July 28, 1881# 

no food, and the Industrial products must be exported and find a market In 
foreign lands. Is there any possibility that this fflarket will always be 
available, now that North America and Australia, for Instance, are already 
becoming Industrial countries, and tariff rates will ^ooi^ be raised every- 
where? Are there prospects that sales will be greater? And do not the 
German people. In part, already live on the capital which they saved In 
better times? 


None of these significant questions are satisfactorily answered either by 
the liberal element which favors free trade or by the followers of Bismarck's 
economic refoxm policies • At best, if industrial values rise in Germany, 
the nation will steadily approach the status of England, which Is entirely 
dependent on Imported food. But there still would be one great difference: 
lafigland, even now, has foreign markets and can readily dispose of its products, 
but Germany must first find an outlet, and as long as Germany follows the 
principle of »»cheap and shoddy", it will be difficult, if not Impossible, 


Ill G - 7 - GERMAN 

Illinois Staats^Zeitimg , July 28, 1881* 

to do business In foreign countries. 

All the bad features In Germany* s economic life are attributable to over- f< 
population, according to Professor Ruemelln* The decline In business, 
the oversupply of workers In all vocations and trades, the hordd of middle- ^: 
men trying to eke out an existence and the ruthless competition arising there-^ 
from, vagrancy In all Its phases, Increase In crlme~lt Is edl explained by 
Ruemelln as a by-product of overpopulation* He knows of no remedy* Laws 
appertaining to marriage. Industry, and relief may help somewhat but would 
not be sufficient* At long last he points to a natural regulation — ^want* 
Since hunger and love rule the world according to Schiller, his Swablan 
countryman expects that these two, instead of working in harmony, will 
eventually counteract each other and thus save the world* 

The French are not waiting for this eventual contest between hunger and 
love, and therefore they practice birth control to some extent* Much has 



Ill G - 8 - GBIRMAN 

Illinois Staats-Zeltune , July 28, 1881* 

been written about French families and their disinclination to have more 

than two children; In fact, the literature on the subject Is virtually a ^ 

flood of moral Indignation* Nevertheless so much Is Irrefutable: '^ 



France's economic superiority over Germany Is definitely the result of 

this system* If Germany during the last ten years had been less busy 

raising children, then the economic situation of the nation would not 

present so unfavorable an aspect* Considerable expense is entailed up 

to the time when children reach their earning period, and if they die ^^ 

before that time, all the money spent on them is lost* 

As long as Germany feels proud of its prolific families and its Increase, 
it must be content with the great exodus confronting the country and even 
be glad of it* Of course, the great majority of the people who leave 
Germany are grown up and capable of earning whereas the natural increase 
not only produces nothing in the first fifteen to eighteen years but actually 
required expenditure* Nevertheless it is better that emigz*ants should make 

• iSLS - 9 - GSRMAN 


Illinois Staats-Zeltung , July 28, 1881* 

• room for the now generation than that they should remain and increase 
. unemployments To illustrate: the prevention or restriction of emigration 

from Germany would be just as disastrous to the nation as it would be to 
interfere with the free drainage of matter accumulating within a sick 

person. Such a procedure would cause blood poisoning. Instead of de- ^ 

nouncing emigration to America German statesmen should be glad that ^ 

fortuitous circumstances have provided a land which can absorb Germany's <J 

surplus population and thus mitigate the serious situation which now con- 3? 

fronts the country. S2 


: 3 



II D 1 

II E 3 Illinois Staats-Zeltimg, July 11, 1881* 

Efforts of the Deutsche Gesellschaft to Eliminate 

Existing Conditions ^ 

The capacity of the local Deutsche Gesellschaft (German Society) is taxed to ,^ 

the utmost because of the great increase in immigration. Nearly all immigrant p 
trains bearing passengers to the V^est come to Chicago, the hub of the American ^ 
railroad system, and all immigrants change trains here and stop in the city g 
for varying periods. The protection of Germans who cannot speak English and 
are therefore easy prey for confidence men is one of the principal tasks de- 
volving on the Deutsche Gesellschaft; and considering the limited means at 
the Society's disposal, its activities in this respect are truly noteworthy 
and commendable. 

The worst evil against which immigrants must be protected is the indifference 
and rapacity of the railroads, for in many cases they fail to do anything for 
travelers who entrust themselves to the transportation companies while in 

Ill G - 2 - GBRMAN 

II D 1 

II E 3 Illinois Staats^ZeitUDg. July 11, 1881. 

The following letter, \riiich the Chicago Deutsche Gesellschaft sent to the 

Genoan Societies of New York, Baltimore, and Philadelphia on the 83rd of 

June, gives quite a clear picture of existing conditions, ^ 

•»The txnusually large Increase In Immigration this year strained our capacity ^ 
considerably. As you probably know, we were successful lately in Improving C 
the conditions and the management of hotels and lodging houses catering to ^ 
Immigrants, and we shall not rest until profiteering at the expense of recent S 
arrivals is p3?actlcally Impossible in our city. Along with these activities ^ 
we are also endeavoring to provide absolute protection to Immigrants against 1:3 
exorbitant charges of any kind while they are on trains or in railway stations. ^ 
For that purpose a committee visited all the railroad stations of the city and 
was present when Immigrant trains arrived. Only one railroad company showed 
proper concern and conducted its affairs in a manner fully conforming to our 
ideas-- the Pittsburg, Fort Wayne, and Chicago Line, which has adopted all our 
suggestions for general Improvements as well as for the treatment of immigrants, 
and now, since the new station has been completed, that Company's i)olicy may 



Ill g - 3 • GERMAN 

II D 1 

II E 3 Illinois Staats-Zeltung > July 11, 1881 • 

indeed be regarded as worthy of emulation. All other railroads lacked the 
proper conveniences and failed to provide adequate protection against fraud, 
showing carelessness in their relations with travelers. We have been in- 
formed that employment agents and representatives of lodging houses even 
boarded the trains of a certain railroad a hundred miles out of Chicago* 
Such convincing titles as ^^steamship agents'* were used, and in the time /he- 3 
tween their boarding the train and its arrival in Chica5o7 these men gave mis- 
leading advice to unsuspecting immigrants. Naturally we cannot tolerate such 
conditions, and we are determined to eliminate them* 


"All the railroad officials with whom we conferred v;ere very polite and promised 
much. However, we must inform you that in most cases they have not proceeded be- 
yond their good intentions. 

"If we are able to show the railroad companies that immigrants choose certain 
lines because of advice given by the Deutsche Gesellschaft of Chicago, then we 
may be sure that our requests will be considered and acted upon. 


III G - 4 - GER1.1AN 

II D i 

II E 3 Illinois 3taats-Zeitung , July 11, 1881. 

**^e therefore ask you kindly to give us information on the follov/ing points: 

"1) Upon their arrival at Castle Garden, who directs the immigrants to the 5 
railroads? -^ 

"2) How do the immigrants procure their railroad tickets, and who advises them -o 
which lines are preferable or offer the most advantages? o 

••7/e feel that you will agree with us, that it is our duty to see to it that the S 
immigrants use those railroads which show the greatest interest in their pas- ^ 
sengers and provide the greatest protection. And as long as various railroads 
show indifference, and their policies and their rules ignore existing conditions, 
then immigrants should not patronize these companies. 

'^We believe that we can count on your valued co-operation in this natter. 

''Very respectfully, 

'"The iiixecutive Board of the 
Deutsche Gesellschaft, 
•♦Chicago, Illinois.** 

Ill G - 5 - GERMAN 

II D 1 

II E 3 Illinois Staats-Zeitung. July 11, 1881 • 

According to the replies received, not much can be expected of the Deutsche 

Gesellschaften ^erraan Societies/ at ports of entry in so far as protection ^ 

of iinmigrants against undesirable railroads is concerned, and therefore it 5 

will be necessary to do in Chicago what was neglected at the coastal cities. "^ 

About the most effective curb on exorbitant rates at lodging houses would be -d 
the maintenance of a large hotel for immigrants under the direct supervision o 
of the Deutsche Gesellschaft. The railroads having terminals in Chicago would "Z 
contribute liberally toward such an enterprise if they realized what benefits ^ 
would thence accrue to the transportation companies. But as long as such a ^ 
huge immigrant building is still within the realm of wishful thinking, the 
Deutsche Gesellschaft should at least be supplied with sufficient funds to 
investigate lodging-house proprietors catering to immigrants, since, unfortu- 
nately, there are not enough policemen available to enforce the few regulations 
which have been enacted for the protection of immigrants. 

Only if Chicago's entire German population takes an active interest and supports 



II D 1 

II E 3 Illinois Staats-Zeitung t July 11, 1881, 

the Deutsche Gesellschaft will it be possible for the latter to give adequate jT 

protection to our immigrants, and nothing is so derogatary to the reputation p 

of our Germans here as their apparent indifference to ^^^e activities of crooks ^ 

and confidence men who fleece immigrants at every opportunity • Let us see to 3 

it that our countrymen who have stayed in Chicago on their westward journey 2 

shall always have pleasant memories of our city. o 

^^ >-<*^. 


I F 6 
I H 



Illinois Staats-Zeitung . Llay 11, 1881 


Certain European nations facing the serious problem of immigration of their 
youth to America go so far as to falsify official documents in order to attain 
the desired end* Thus, the Stadtblatt , a newspaper of Bunzlau, Silesia, pub- 
lished a letter by Dr. Schumacher, the German Consul General in Neiv York, in 
which he warns against emigration to the United States. It is pointed out 
therein, that the United States is at the brink of another economic crisis. 
Furthermore, it continues, the grov;inc tendency for swindling is imdermining 
sound business strategy, v;hich fact is responsible for 281 more business 
failures in the past four years than any ever recorded previously. 

To any v/ell informed person this idle talk cannot be convincing since a man of 
the type of Dr.# Schumacher knows exactly that during the past two years in- 
solvencies in the United States have been on the decrease. Thus it becomes 
obvious that Dr. Schumacher could not have been the author of that letter. 
Consequently, we have disregarded the supposed report of the Consul General, 



I F 6 
I H 

- 2 - 

Illinois Staats-ZeitTinp;. Ivlay 11 , 1881 



the author nor the contents of the letter, the Chicago Tril 
issue, compared the Grerman Consul General in llev/ lork with 

although a number of the leading iCnglish-American newspapers are .giving much 
space to this gossip, attaching seriousness to that document • Doubting neither 

bune, in yesterday^s 
the miserable I!r. 

Crximp, the ICnglish vice consul in Philadelphia* Meanv/hile, a statement made by 
Dr* Schumacher and published in the New York papers, denounces the Stadtblatt 
for the publication of the letter supposedly v.-ritten by him# He denied 
emphatically any knov/ledge of that letter, branding the vfhole affair as 
fictitious • 


The German press is .guilty of still another misdemeanor. It publishes letters 
from Germans living in America, describing the pitiful state of conditions in 
this country, while thousands of others whose coinmunications are inspiring do 
not find favor with the German press. This mischievous partiality against 
Arar^rica is of no consequence, hov/ever. The innumerable letters praising this 
country are by far more important than the press. This is amply proved by 

III G - 3 - aSI^MAW- .., ^ 

I F 6 '^ " " 

I H Illinois Staats-Zeitung , !iay 11, 1881. 

the German imruigration into this country, which rose, despite the propaganda, 
to 5,000 Grerraan immifp^ants disembarking in one single day, a thing repeated 
again on May 9 of this year. 

The necessity of German iinmi:^ration into this country is duly recognized even 
by those Germans for v/hom the Fatherland ic the only salvation. 

Private communications from prominent men of Germany clearly indicate this fact. 
The xirriter of this article is happy to submit a letter for publication written 
to him by a man who is widely known and respected in the province of Wuertt em- 
berg, which newspaper does print stories of woe of the Suabian imraigrants in 
America. In part, the letter states: 

'•It is evident that Garfield is concerned vrith tho education of the masses. 
Thus, the government finds it necessary to take the initiative as patterned 
by i^urope, especially Germany* Germany, on the other hand, will be open -fo^ 


\ - 

Ill Q 
I F 6 
I H 

- -1 - 


Illinois Staats-Zeitung . llay 11, 1881, 


O S 


any suggestions for improvement coming from North America. 

Germany is, of cooirse, over-populated, a fact which cannot be disregai^ded as 
one of the principal causes for mass emigration. It is our hope, however, 
that those v;ho emigrate vrill find happiness in the new world and help promote 
German ideal 3 and custoiis there." 

An attitude like this will in time gain strength and help annihilate the xinjustly 
formed opinion against the United States of America. 


I D 2 a (3) 
I D 2 a (2) 

I D 2 e 

Chlca voe r Ar^c-jter 2eitun£-, Apr:! r.2, IcBl. 

The vr-.r] vinfr.-nen undoubtedly feel alrerdy the results of the iiiXiense 
imini^Tction. ^e, of this ncwsp&rer are not a£:cdnst im:nifrc;tion, 
therefore would not en age in conil:atinr;; such, hut the question, V7hr:;t 
vrill larr^pen, as the result of an over supply of lahor, which of course, 
is a ij^reat f:^ctor, in decrcr-sing wages, is tefcre us. At the present, 
mo.->t of the imiriigrants cor.e from Oerniariy, and a large nuTiter of those 
are industrial worhers, vrho have to look for employment, in lar.:er 
cities only. Several thousand of those rrorkers h.'rve come to Ch.icago, 
durin^: the last three wee! s, sone ,vith, and some .Tithout their families. 
It is natural, that all of these people, try first of all, to secure 
rorh. The fact is that Chicago has an oversupyly of Torkingmen, which 
meai-s, that not all of our resident workingnien can find work; whc'.t shall 
te the fate of the newly arrived i mi:! grants, unless they set the price 
for their services much lovrer, than what the present wage is? As they are 
not acquainted with our working methods, there is no auesticn hut, that 
lower Y;ages will be the final result. 


hic-g.^oer Arl:^iter Zeitung , April "?» I'^'^l^ 

This is also an expl-^.nr ticn, for the '-nthusi^.snij '.'^ith vrhich the 
capi t.*>-lir tic press greets the i:;.:ai£rant.-. 

Labor has to he interested in one ond the only thing, not tc per: it 
thf-jt, their stc.ndard of life shall he lo'vered, and still more, to ^ork 
an-.'' insist for a hii.her standard of life... To suppose, th^^t imrrigrr.tion 
is responsihle for the decre se in vT^^es, is not accurcte. This is the 
case only, 'Then the '.vork:in.^nien, especially the iniri^-rants, do not join 
any or-^an izations^ 

If l^hor Is well or- n^. zed, vrhich mcons also, a higher strnnard of 
livin^,, then inu..igration could not hurt the.n, for, the more people, the 
hirjher th'- need, and the hi^'her the nt;ed, the n:ore ;;crk is required. 
This, in connecticn ^Tith I.eing a merher of Union Orr;.-:nization£, 
imnigrt.ticn can not h' ve any had effects on our lahcr# Put it is of 
utp.ost importance, that tlie im- igrants do not loso, and Join the 
Union Organizations, rrhi-^h is of reat advar-t-ge to every one. -But, 
the organizations h'^ve to live up, to 77h':.t they supposed to 'ce. 

Cf course, a gr^at reguln.tor in questions of this kind, \^ the shortening 
of working hours, which could he ohtc'.ined only, through labor organizations, 
and to create such, is the work of existing Unions. Such a procedure //ould 
protect our resident worVingren as well as the irr.r.l grant s« 

Ill ■"■r 


^ 111 ^'.01:-' 't-'.aT-s- y3ii:":i" 






. ' J -^ b.J_i. ^ . ->' 

Castle .l-arden 

.pi*ii It:-, 

7 '^> -T', r. — » P C^ 11 i" 


Gc noon, 


i".Tii Tar.ts ^lave landed at 


« • -.v J. 

-er: lans 

'he aniic:4ls 

, r* 

i;r.:i Tation revoal t>.at, prior 

to t :i3 

-aer^ :"as 

never jucn a iar::e nu::oor oi i:i'i':rants racora^^a :-iu.:in ,....v 
four Hb"aro, durinr^ the firjt four :K^:;t".3 o^ t/.3 year. '"^^ ^ 
the i:'j::ii "^ration "nrior to t'i3^:o r-ecTc. broa>' i:v' t" 'oot""-f our hours, ":a"- alroad'^ 

>).'>-;-»-? ,>('^ (~>^-^ "f'~ ~''^■n■f*■'r— 
'-'0 D=^ riore s::-;licit. 

71,194 in I'OT/ York alone, fo:* t]:o current :*" ^ar. ho:'" vor, hev; I'orh is not the 

only port of Qise::barlo.i3nt , anf therefore it 'lay b^ said ::ith r^anonaolc cor- 

taint" that i iii^-ration to thi"^ countr^' vril^ ricoed the hal: 
this year. 

lillio "lar!: 

'fliio ne\7snaaer devoted in tho oast .lucb. s-r.ce t- the Ger::an -oania foi- emigration; 

althouc-h it should be lentioned th:o^ 

<j - ~^^ 


1 .-^ P ' "- -T + r» r^"»^1 •---''0 •-i*''»o o^^n"^"*"! ■^'i •"• i'^-^r^'f". 

propensity in soite of the short period of co..ipulscry :iilitary service in 

X 1 .1. ^-T 



- - ). 

1 o 

' > 

OO 1 

o.. ± 

(-« .-» 




4- "»- 

/^ .. 


r^ •.-^ ' 

n r. 


O0 • . © 



'1 r->- '•fSTT'-^ -'* 


^.1.3 n 

1-^ '-«, o .'*> "^ '^ ■' .'* 


-v-1 f -^ 



h o:ilr a 

blood an-^' cre-.tive 
land. The evii-rati-:: 

The G.^^pari:Lire 


OO '^lUC ; *"OU"^ "' 

L :• 

-^ r" i^ 


uicative cT the 





• Cl - -^ » 


r- .--. -'- •' Tr,'~4 "^ <-5--> .'^ ?T 

...-_ -.- • 



'> • • • -1- • I 


Oil: I ^'S^ J 


part of 3'..ntzer- 

land, it -.roulf -e-: . a reaoonacls 
stron^then the l^r. i^iii ele. lent ij: 


!_ ■». 



1 •. 



-. .t^-'X 

Ill G 

I C 

I J Illinois Staats-Jeitung , Aug. 19, 1379. 

..•••The Southern states seel: retrogression to the states* rights of 1789 


But iiTjrJ. grants v/ere never concenied v/ith state boundaries. Indeed, a con- g 
scientious observer will conclude that iL^v.igration was a greater contributing 
factor than any otner in shaping the nationalistic view prevailing in the 
Northern states. 




At the beginning of the century, and up to the when the development of 
steam power gradually changed ou^^ econordc system, one finds that the states 
east of the Alleghenies were just as proud of their independence as were the 
Southern states at a later period, iien cajne tlie large imriigrat ion from 
iJurope. The arrivals were not particularly concerned v;l ;h the riglits of states 
and all that is implied thereby. To the immigrants, the of a state was 

Ill G - 2 - CSHiAH 

I C 

I J Illinois 6taats-Zeitunc , Aug. 19, 1879. 

of about the sane inportance as that of a shire in ^Cngland, a departLient in S 
Prance, or a province in Prussia; therefore the nev/ settlers regarded the ^ 
United States as a nation only, and practically obliterated state lines. '^ 

Newspapers like the Ghica^-;^o Tii-ies i..ay rant ever so Liuch that, in political 5g 

attitudes, the Gerraans are G^rnans, the Irish are Irish, and the Scandinavians £ 

follow their own ideas— yet facts indicate that all these people xvho found a ^ 

new hone here are truer Americans and show greater loyalty to A^.erican ^'^ij 

nationalisn than our native-born citizens who are more or less motivated by '*''' * 
state pride, | 

Southerners, in particular, nust this, since they hated the "damned \ 

Dutch," especially during the Civil V/ar, kno\7ing fully that the nationalistic * 
view found its greatest support among Germans who did not consider them- 
selves as being from i^ew Yorh, Illinois, iissiouri, or ;asco:isin, but rather 
as citizens of a nation — the United otates. 

Ill G - 3 - GSHLIAIT 

I C 

I J Illinois Staats-Zeitims , Aug* 19, 1879. 


And this experience of twenty years ago will be repeated, if tlie Southerners 

persist in their efforts, and they v/ill find the Gemans just as stanch as '^ 

ever in protecting the unity of the nation; not only the Geriuans, but also <Z 

their related race, the Scandinavians. Since this iriuigration of millions of 5 

people of Germanic origin fashioned our Anerican nation into a honogeneous 2 

unit, there is no occasion to believe that disintegration will ensue. ^ 

I B 

Illinois Staats-Zeltuii^ > June 7, 1879. 


Inmigrisition from Europe increases steadily. In May, this year, 18,328 inmiigrants 
^ aiTived in New York, an approximate increase of 7,000 over the same month last 

year. Total immigration since January 1, 1879, for New York reached 40,592— an ^ 
increase of 12,447 over the same period last year. ^ 


The Immigration Commissioners of New York declare that the arrivals of this 
year are highly desirable; most of them are farmers or skilled workers. 

Communistic rowdies seem to be almost wanting. 





Illi nois :]t aat3~.::oitun;'^ , lie ^, 1-79. 

Aocordinr: tc 3t;.tistiC3 r^ublislud b:' the TTorolu , a IToiV York papor, at least 
ton million foroi^'^nors cai.u to tho United 3 tat as Jurtnj the lint ninat;/- yoars. 
Trior t'> 1.^.^0, no rlofinito .var:,* !:a::t« .i car^^iul investi-.'ation leads 
one to boliovo tliat 350,000 persona tc the United States fro:.: the time 
of th: founain/; of the "^orjublic to IBaO. 

Dr. 3.D:a)art, foraer meiaber of Con,:;res3 .aid author of Statistical Annals 
of the United Staces for tha Years 1789 to 1G18, estimates the ^ver^^^re ^-^o-^rl*' 
LiU.iir-ration at si:: thous.m:! -^-jrsons durin • the ve-rs 17'J0 to I.IO, Throu-hout 
th3 v;ar period frori 1606 to Ic-IG, v;hen all of Auropc ;;.iS involved in strife, 
and when :in,7land ana .;r:i^'::rica v;ere preparinr- for the ."^ir of lalS, irnnicr.ation 
ceased aLiost sntirel:'-. 

In those early years aiai ':r-..nts had to cnbarl: froi:i dn;-'l:ind, tliat bein;- the usual 

Ill Cr 



Illinois :>taate?-2jeitun:' .Or" 5, 1379. 

route, and v;hon i[apoleon*3 dacraos closjd over:^ continent. il iUropr^an harbor 
to Groat Britain, -11 adv^nturouG j^i r nts sL^ipl^ liad to 'Ootpoiij tliair 
tr"::V3ls until .lor^j Misr.icioun Linen • 

I:;-:ii;;r. <tio-: rovived in 1:17, .dun nore t^-jn d:3,:M0 ;)erson3 c:i::ij to the united 
States. In no previous ^e-^r v/ n ^nich :; nu'iber recorded; in fact, it erzcjedod 
b:" nore tliiji one half an;- previous 7oarl'' ri'"ure. The fufferin:: the vo7j.;;-ers 
had c»o endure on 'jlu badl ' e'luippad vossoln, as ";ell is the l.,rre nuiibjr of 
arrivaln, oro^i'^ted Gon*:ro'::r3 to :"!afr? i l.iv; lOr tjio re"ul:;tion of ^JaSGonnrer shi" 
an.' tha issuv.ncc of a travelers lir>t vdiieh had to be fonvarded to the Treasur^.^ 
Departnent, IIov^ this tricklinr; strj^ui of i nrLinrantn f^re:/ into e ::ii,ait:.' river — 
a ''TlUiium i.[isL;i3si-'^>i", .3 the llerold aptl^ c illo it — i3 ^:!];ov;}i b- the i*ollo:;in;^ 
table Goi.iprisin^. the :*ears 17d9 to lo77: 



Year ITunber o" I:a^:i"r-.nto 

1789-1C19 ::i)0,COC (in round niUAbors) 





1 O •"> O 

ITunber of I::iit-ii£;rants 



O — 


•-p.- ^ . ^ _ 

T"!"! 1* 

Illnoin .::taats-:aitun -, :.:-- G, 1C79. 


a. o . ^ <_v 

"» poo 


1 r-* :- • p 




llirabjr of I::u.iir-r:^ntG 




1 06 

10 , 


, 5 53 

f - .--v 




, 574 



1 »^' -• • 

52 J 




, 0,34 



00 . J 


?0; • 

, 087 


18 2C 

1 •^ '■.'• M 

15; 54 

i- 00 





1 '■>" •> 





k »-■ .^ .' ^ 


, :;57 


1 kJ^.^ 


A n n 


73 J 

55 , 

0-! -\ 

84 J 




75 , 



00 V, 

GO; \ 



4:37 , 

, 5o3 


of Irniicr-.nts 





_ 4 . 

Lr:-j . u ^. w. 


irir,'ib3r 01'' L".-Mi{ 




1 o-j o o 


SI, 3, '20 


175 , 232 




one; '\'")C< 






IB 7 5 

,■203 , 0G3 


143 , 030 

Illinois "^taatSj-^jitun^, 



T Otrto 



1/--, ,-» <% 

13 70 



Nui:ibjr of Luii^r. 






on 7 oi 7\ 




9,880,795 /sic/ 

Tli3 increase in i-'ni .^ration durin-: aon-a '^9ur"^ can bo .•\r>Grib-jd to various in- 
torostinr: factors. ■!)urinc tlie yjars ir::37-1857, tho b.iil.Iin.; of tho jrie Canal 
nd othar public v;orl:n of Inrr^o ;-^ro -portion, brcir:iit about heavy ii.migration. 


In 1852, "vhon Juropa 7;as ravisliod b^- cholora, i::inir'!ration incroa 

O -^ •-'. 


-"> O 

iroiii ;^vj.o.^o 

Ill a . " Z' - 

Illino ivS 3 t n:it:3-Zeitiin c, May G, 187 '£. 

f\ZZ\J to oO,4G:3 porsons. Pcli'oiCMl conditions ji-ior to IGuO alco tended 
to incrjaso thj inflvuc, .mcl tho Irish fajiine of 1G4S-50 and tlio O-oman re- 
action, 1351-54, producod :5ii:iilir rosults. /.ftjr lob? tiur-j is a daclino 
tlirou-Iiout sovorj.! yCLrr; in our imi '^ration, cin*' , -it tliooutbrjak or tiia 
Civil ar, 1"G1, i:i';:iif;;;ration fi^iirvDn ro.ichjd th j lo.;o3t Icvol in. sovonteon 
vearG. Ilov/jv.r, beror'": tlij tor; limit io-^. of tlio Civil ./ar confidonce in the 
perr.L: money of tho Union n;nif3Sted it'^olf aoain throu.hout the viorld and 
i:ii.:i:p?ation fi;_:ur3G v'jrj doubled in a 3inr;lj yoar, I'ron th-::n until the fin- 
anci.:.l crash, iinnirratioii sho ,• jd :: constant incre.u:,e, .;nd froi.i 1G72 to lS7o 
aLiost one nillion peonlo oa lo to the shoros of tho ITev; ./orld. The cessa- 
tion of activities due to the ixrnic - nd tho ennuin;: years thereafter — a 
period of r^roat de-oresslon — ^were follo.v3d by .a no; i:iovu:L^nt, the Q- avian iia- 
minration wliicli outnuiaber^d that of .n'.^ othv.r nitionalit", J,ii(^raticn fron 
German-" v/:is iiiore than twice as l.r-^e as the Irish nL-^ration durin;: the last 
throe months, Tlicj follo./iny fi:*ures sho.v the percentage of Lfii.iirraticn: 


Ill c- 

- u - 

Illinoio ..Ita a ts-.lJitiin r]:, ::a7 5, i;7C. 




18 5 o 

^ Vw W ^V 




••'K Co 

jy . 71 

»^ ^ . f ^.- 

41 . 16 
43 . 44 



45 . 50 


'^'2 .' 'I 

;- J . J'x 



•-:''■' o O 

Otiur nations 
14. G8 


"1 ■» 





^ /» 

rj3 . 





w 1 • 

;  Q 


« JO . 







1 f 




otal Lnit'^ration 

100. ou 
100 . 00 
100. ou 

Ill Cr 

- 7 - 


Illinois {,taat3-i:oitanr-':, ilay 6, 1379. 















•4:^ . 04 

, ^ %/ . JU w/ 

o r. ..; ." 



33. o4 




*JO . I'x- 


•v->-» ' . 1 "f  -« --v. ■»-> n 


\J -^ * i'i^ 

3 3.74 
3 .73 


.i'J. OJ 




or? ,-\ /* 
i.. /  J'x 

Ot- L' '^. 

Q.I on 

33 . o5 




Total I:.i:;ii^ration 

130. 00 


100 . 00 

Ju v-/ ^ . v>^ V> 





< ) 

r7 •'* 


Ill O - 8 - GERMAN 

Illinois Staats-Zeitung . May 6, 1879. 

During the period from 1847 to 1879 we have the following figures on immi- 
grants from various countries: 

Geimany, 2,165,232; Ireland, 2,020,071; England, 742,271; Scotland, 742,271; 
Sweden, 124,703; France, 110,853; Switzerland, 85,946; etc. According to 
these figures, 5,732,183 immigrants came to the United States during the 
aforementioned years ^847-1879/. 

Quite aside from the gain derived from a greater supply of labor, the coxintry 
as a whole obtains considerable pecuniary advantages from immigration. Several 
years ago the superintendent of Castle Garden, estimated the per capita wealth of 
every immigrant at $68. According to that estimate, immigrants have increased 
the capital in the United States by #389,788,444 during the period from 1847 
up to April 1 of this year; applying the same figures, we find that the nation 
has been enriched by $700,000,000 since the beginning of immigration. 

The estimate is probably too low, because German and Scandinavian immigrants 


r . T 



IIL^ - 9 - GERMAN 

Illinois Staats-Zeitung . May 6, 1879. 

often have considerable money. If one therefore assumes a per capita wealth 
of $100— which is probably more accurate—then the capital increase in the 
United States, due to immigration, amounts of $1,000,000,000, 

New capital from this source /imraigratio^ will not be cut off. No, indeedl 
Bismarck and the sovereigns of Europe will see to that. 

r - 


} III a 



I 3 Illinois Staats-Zeituiif^ , Feb, 1, 1879. 


( Editorial) 

In various places throucliout the comitry, diverse attacks against Gennan- ^^ 
lancuage instruction in our public schools are becoming increasingly frequent* -i;^ 
An explanation for this objection may be found in the iunerican people, xvho ;^ 
delight in displaj'-ing crass contrasts shov/ing excessive econonical tendencies-'*^ 
probably due to hard times — as opposed to former profligate spending. Another;:? 
small minority has its honest doubts whether instruction given in its present - 
manner is actually beneficial. The Liost prolific cause for this attitude may ^f 
be explained by the fact that many — not necessarily only the English-speaking-!:^ 
Americans — conclude that German immigration has reached its apex; that German- 
i\mericanism is not anymore an increasing power; and that it is declining and, 
therefore, no further consideration is required. And, lest v/e deceive our- 
selves, in most places v/here Geriiian-language instruction was inaugurated in 
our public schools, the American element tolerated it because of the German 

Ill G - 2 - GSHIvL-dT 


I E Illinois Staats-Zeitun^:; , Feb. 1, 1879. 

vote rather than because of a c^nuine acknoivledgment of the importance and 
justice of the cause. 

Indeed, since the great crash in 1873 German immigration diminished perceptibly, i:^ 
There was hardly enouf:h of an influx to balance the mortality among older 2 
German-ilmericans. To this must be added that a large percentage of these imrii- ^ 
grants consist of people \dth obstinate, "cosmopolitan^* views, and little incli-£7 
nation to maintain a strong German-'anericanism. 'The new arrivals even regard ::i^ 
with ill-concealed hostilit3^ the inherent German-.lmericanism found here, o 
irrespective of the mutual German interests v;hich are at stake. Even in St. Loui^ 
tvjo German socialists of the school board voted against the continuance of f<> 
German-language instruction in the public schools. So, obviousl3^, one need not ' 
be surprised if the English-speaking .'oriericans consider themselves justified in 
shov/ing definite antagonism toward the rightful demands of their German-speaking 

A strong, constantly increasing German immigration vxould be the most effective 


Ill G - 3 - C^^^ 


I ii Illinois 3taats-J,eitung , Feb. 1, 1879* 

means to prevent this ever-grov/in^: depreciation of G-crmnistic endeavor. In 
this respect one must place hope in Bisrar.irck. If he /BisimrckT" continues in 
his I.janteuffel style in tlic sane iiianner as durinc recent years, then v;e inay 
expect another mass emigration from German^'', siiailar to the ono vrhich so [-3 

greatly augmented and strengthened German-Americanism in the middle of t;ie ^ 

centur3% This will become particularly apparent, if our .anerican industrial cf 
and economic conditions show renewed activity. . -^ 

In the interim, Germanism in iimerica must maintain its fought-for position ^-^ 

and protect it as well as it can. The problem is riot quite as simple as it ' j 
was prior to 1870. Since tliat period our imlcrants represent greatly diver- _| 
gent classes — much more so than f o r..:er ly— and they cannot be assimilated into 
anything resembling a composite whole. Probably someone managing a fairly 
large German newspaper in Jjnerica, can verify this by his ovm particular ex- 
perience. After all, the contributions (alv^^ys unsigned v;hen gi^ff ) sent by 
readers shov: the roost divergent views. There aro aFong the contingent of 1848 
some irreccncilables, clenching their fists if, perchance, the editor overlooked 


Ill G - 4 - G^RI.L'JT 


I 3 Illinois Staats-Zeitunr% Feb. 1, 1879. 

the title of "His Ilajesty" or '^^^oliness" in sone reprinted article; and, \7hile 
these forty-oichters conderm rauch tliat is typicall^r /jaerican, they nevertheless 
insist that it be extolled above the "old rotten Germany". 

Their opponents are represented by the iiK)st recent immigrants v;ho think no 
more of Kaiser V/ilhelm or Bismarck now than did the banned French republicans 
about Louis Napoleon a quarter of a century ago. These anti-Bismarck Germans 
consider themselves transients in /unerica and cannot understand v/hatsoever, v:hy 
some Germans regard America as their rightful home. To this number must be 



The very antitheses are the German immicrants of the present decenium^ v/ho 
preserved undimmed the sentiments of a youtl-iful, vicprous and fervent character 
as of yore, and still manifest the exuberant enthusiasm for the v/ar of 1870, 
including the jxissionate esteem for the "Iieroic Greybird" ^^iser Jilhelm, 'if. g 
These veterans of 1870-71 swell up v/ith terrible dif-jiity v/hen reading anything •"" 
that savors of slight doubts about the unsurpassed beauty of the nev;, happy, .^ 
splendid Prussian-German nation. 


Ill G - 5 - GEHI.:iiN 


I S Illinois Staats-Zeitunr: > Feb. 1, 1879. 

added the questionable citizens of tv^ continents v;ho are only interested in 
staj'-in^: in .unerica for five years — lone enou:;}i to become citizens — so that, 
thereafter, upon their return to Oernany, the:'' rnay i.iock at military servitude. r^ 
Included in this questionable firoup are the Gatholicn vmo cannot abide by the 2 
Prussian L'!ay-Laws; yet, any thought for preserving" a strong C/crinan-/jnericanism ^^ 
is entirely alien to them; finally, there is that almost insif'jiif icant number J^^ 
of non-political fu^^itives, v;to became banlcrupt during the Gerinan billion ::;a 
dollar sv/indle ^^^ar inderjiity: France paid five billion francs to Germany in '^ 
187l7'> s^d migrated to .Ir.erica to re^:ain their fortunes, but v/ho shov; no ves- 
tiG© of interest in the cultural endeavors and tlie unification of the German- 
speaking citizenry. 

The German papers in -'anerica face the difficult problen of representing these 
diverse components of German-.'unericanism as a single unit of the Nation. •••• 
The German press thus teaches, entertains, and brin^^s to tlie fore the inter- 
ests of the classes it represents.. ..©It is on par v;ith the schoolteacher who 
has many pupils of various ares in his class and must teach all, at once..... 



Ill G - 6 - GSRM\N 


I E Illinois Staats-^Zeitung > Feb. 1, 1879. 

It will be conceded in the main, tliat the Genrian-^vnierican press is justified 
in looking with pride upon its accomplishment — the disseaination of culture. 



hi 'Jin f' _ 


III ^ Illinois Staats-Zelttm.^. January 22, 1878 


It might interest our readers to know that recently a Colonization Aid 
Society has "been founded. According to a statement, sent to us from this 
society, the purDOse of the latter is to give any Germans, who become members 
of the society and are willing to farm, an opportunity to buy a homestead 
with really good soil, on an instalment plan. 

The members of this Aid Society are paying monthly dues, but otherwise the 
Society is working out a finance Dlan in conjunction with a bank, whereby 
large "tracts of land can be bought and the subdivided areas be sold to 
the interested members of the Society. 

At this very moment, a land commission of this society is travelling now in 
North Alabana to look over some farmland near Cullinan City, Alabama. 

The Executive Committee of the Society consists of the following gentlemen: 

r ^ 

t7 "^^^^ -^^ 

III G -2- / GERMAKV ^^ ^ 

Illinois Staat8"Zeitung> January 23, 1878 

Carl Brandt, 621 North Ashland Avenue 
G. Vi. Lett, 70 North Sangamon Street 
Charles Hoya, 636 North LaSalle Street 

who made the announcement, that meetings of the members are on the first and 
third Mondays of every month, at 8 PiM, 7 South Clark Street. 

>'^;!I^-\^ >?' ^^. 


— vt * 

1 1 

I -/'-' IlUqpls Staate-Zelttme . December 13, 1877 

Intrance Tee for Immigrants 



_ _ ■_i<. 

Mr. Shelley (Alabama) moved in Congress to raise, from January It iS79f the 
head tar on every. Chinese immigrant, to $250. A five-year prison term is to 
^^^^^^^"- be ijB^ Chinese, not complying with this law* ^ W 

•■ -' ^- •. '.—r*- ^*»"- ;*" ,'^'~' '^'^■■'■■'^ ** -*. "'^^ * *  - '   % r ' . - -"j* , -. ^ . " V* / h 

.;.■ v.'r . ^- ,• •»', -■ , I '■■■*.-■.- 

1  • - J"-** -....*■ r ' -.•,;-"■-- 

 - -V ..' *• ' ' '^ ■*   *> ,  • ' "^ ■''■'-'..' ^ - -t' ' ^'^ >'' ' - y.  *~ ' i-i ' 

^f 54 r^- 'PWi o£ cotxrse nbuld solve the Chinese question in this conntry... When '4f^yi^§^-Mi^ 
Kt^l^g Jtngland recently tried to import German, Italian and American labor, the ' ^^ ^^^^^^^^ 
i|g^ Co called this a shameless act performed by the capital of that 
?ISj^ country. But rage alone will not change conditions, and force used by 
M^ labor against labor would surely not be in accord with the Communist doctrineWi^S 
^ !iPf ^^ *l^ 'International Solidarity" of workers against capital. 3?he measure!: I^^^^^^ 


;t/^< ;>'.-5-' :v 

^;«^.^sr.. proposed by Mr. Shelley would prevent bloodshed.... It wotild mean an attempt "^^^-^-- 

;^.:4^ ; >n to solve the social question* But those Communists in favor of Shelley* s 

■%§| proposal would do well to take our warning, that this proposal is of fsjy^ /fi::^y^:y^0^ 





reaching importance. She same measure used against Chinese immigrants v^i^^^ 


Pp^^^ll could be applied to German, Bohemian, Swedish, Norwegian and Irish immigratioii^ ^^^ 

She principle and poxpos. irould be the same. If the (^linese workers, seeking 


>p, sis?"' 

ss^i%^ 'a .^ ;-'/■!■ 






III a 


Illlaols Staatg-Zeituae . December 13, 1877 



m ^_ 

/ ; . 


employment in this cotmtry, are responsible for the lowering of wages, 
Zorppean labor is not less responsible for this condition, for all they can 
count on is their strex^th and power to work, and in order not to become a 
burden to the community they have to sell their senrices at any price* It is 
well-known fact that during the middle fifties the '^Enow-Nothing'* movement 
found that its principal support came from trades people. Due to the large 
influx of luropeans which caused a steady decrease in the wage scale, they 
became exceedingly alarmed. Snbittered, they raved and raged against the 
"hordes of raw barbarians" and the " flat-footed, hunchbacked and wooden-headed 
Dutchmen." The situation is almost identical now in California where people 
rave against the "dirty, stinking, lon^hisdred Chinese". The head tax idea 
was not advocated at that time for the simple reason that there was no 
statesman like Ur* Shelley. Through his Immigration 2111 he wants- to lead 
labor toward its salvation. It should not take us by surprise if an 







III a 


Illinois Staats-Zeltupg , December 13 f 1S77 

extension of this proposal should include European lal>or wishing to settle 
In this country. Be on; the look-out Grerman Communists for this would be 
fatal to 7our Imported doctrine, as soon as European immigration is 





\ . 

'. • 




1 III Or 


I F 6 
I C 

Illinois 5tHats Zei tung , Hay 11, 1876. 


If the Chic'^p-.o Tines were supposed to be considered t>ie nouth piece of the 
new city council and thr-.t of the m-.yor, the aliens of Ghicaro could look 
forward to very comfortable timesi The Times :ade -n impertinent statement in 
its yesterday's issue accordinrr to which -ill the public grievances, unrest, and 
crime are attributed to aliens. Opposition to orde •, swindling: the Gover iment, 
bribing of officials, for -.11 this the "strangers" are responsible. It could 
be acknov/ledged that the imjiiigration v;as of great advantage to tris country, 
but it wouid^'also be quite prober to ask the question whether this advantage 
is not outweighed by the debauchery, criminal inclinations and general demor- 
"-lization which cines with immigration. It is about time to put -i stop to such 
undesirable influences in that, the citizenship to imraigrants should be limited 
and only, when such persons have lived Ion; enough in this country to learn and 
understand the rights -^nd duties of v. citizen, is it ti:s to gr^mt him citi- 

Here we have the confessi-;n of the know-nothing party and sentii:.ent expressed 
by the Times. There is nothing new in this coniessi n but 

1 :. 


m a 

o A 

<* • U ;ru ,xi>l \^^ fQy/ 

Illinois St-^ats Zeitun^-: , May 11, 1876. 

languare as they did shov/s, that they had not the courage to do so in the 

pasx. It is different now of course for t-iay figure that the influence of 
aliens in our city affairs becane null for v/hich tlie /tpril 18th election is 

responsible. The Tiroes forir.erly attacked only singularly and iou:;ht -i gainst 

any suspicion of snubbin/^ foreign born citizen:-:. Nov/ its sonr has changed 

and is not in the least bashful '.o Gpe:ik of the aliens as tlie cause of every 
thinr undesirable and r?ll the nuisance in public life. 

It v;ould be v^nr easy to name hundreds of imtive -xierican vagabonds and 
thieves in order to establish, th t the real source of public corruption is 
GO be looked for nnon^ the pious • nd hi^'hl^^ respectable n-^tivo ^uioricans. To 
convince the::: th-^t rorrin^^ a,^.-.inst irxii^rat ion is realr-^ pure foolishness. " 
v/ould be v;astin^ eiierpy esr)ecially when it me'ins the scoundrels of the Chicago 
Tiries . 

To enframe in a dispute about such grov/lin-^ of the Tiraes concerning aiiens can 
not be thought of, but only to state facts. And the fact is that those .^jneri- 
cans 'Sharing with the Times t^e confused hatred of strangers, all v/ithout 
exception have voted for Thornas I'oyne and have done so in the hope that the 

- 3 - 


Ill i nois Staats 7:ei-: ung, I' y 11, 1875 

tirr.e h^s corie v.'h'en thev dll be able to tr^jn-ol'j udoiI the cursed aliens, I 

»• ^ A. 

is possible that they ^vill hide their clr-.-.vs under a velvety -oav/ only until 
after the presidential election, but no longer. 

In the 101st ve r of the ^e^ublic's life,, the v/ild hatred of aliens cnn '^o on 

Ill G 


Illinois Staats-Zeitung . Dec. 9, 1875 • 


V/e quote from the latest reports on immigration issued by thft New York 
Geiman Society: During the month of October 47 ships arrived in New York 
mrith 7,714 steerage passengers. There were 36 ships which brought 2,598 
Germans to America. Of these steerage passengers 2,351 had been in America 
before; of the Germans, 608 had been in America before. Thus the actual 
number of immigrants amounted to 5,363, and among these were 1,990 Germans, 
who arrived in New York. 

Host of the Gennan steerage passengers sailed from Bremen, Hamburg, and 
Liverpool. During the month of October, 1874^ 12,049 steerage passengers 
reached New York~4,335 more than came this year. Also, in 1874, there were 
3,879 German immigrants— 1,281 more than the present yearns arrivals. 

From January 1, to October 31, 1875, 92,471 steerage passengers arrived in 

Ill G - 2 - GIRMAN 

Illinois Staats-Zeitung, Dec^ 9, 1875. 

New York; among them were 25,608 Germans. During the corresponding period 
in 1874, 137,635 steerage passengers were recorded, and of tliese 40,188 were 
Germans • 

Immigration during the first ten months of the year JlQl€J showed a decrease 
of 45,164J the immigration of Germans decreased by 14,580, 

The great decrease in immigration, particularly into New York harbor, is also 
shown by the following official figures. 

During the first eleven months of 1875 a decrease in immigration of nearly 
fifty per cent is recorded as compared witli tlie previous yearns immigration. 

The number of immigrants for the last five years is as follows: 

Immigration in the year 1871 229,928 

Ill G - 3 - GBRMAN 

Illinois Staats-Zeitung , Dec, 9, 1875 


Immigration in the year 1872 r 293,674 

ft ft ft It 1873 267 ,354 

ft tf ft ft 1874 140,337 

ft ft If It 1875 85,000 

The German and Irish immigration shows a decline of fully fifty per cent» 
The Italian and Scandinavian immigration also shows an extraordinary dlm- 
inution. Immigration from Russia did not dimim* sh in the same ratio. This 
class of immigrants—mostly German Mennonites~is comparatively prosperous 
and they generally settle in the V/estern states, sizice the Russians seeking 
our shores are usually farmers. 


Ill g 

II D 10 

V A 1 


Illinois Staats Zeitung , Dec* 14, 1874. /^ V/PA o^i 

Immigration from Europe has stopped almost completely. The financial crisis, 
low salaries, and high taxes are responsible for it, 

i5ut nevertheless there are poor people still coming over, who as soon as they 
arrive, ask the Gerntin Society for support. One Joseph Schmidt from West 
Prussia father of five children has been here for two months and is without 
any means. He said his friends had written telling him that Chicago \»as a 
bad place for work bub a very good one for poor people. 

Many immignints are also coming to Chicago because they rely on the proceeds 
from the fair. I wonder if regulations should not be drawn up concerning 
the people to be helped. 

Respectfully yours, 
Ch. Endres, Agent 

Ill a 


The Chicago Times > September 25, 1874. jj^p^ /|;^i ^ pj^r^^ ^^ ;^ 


In response to a call issued by the directors of the German Emigrant Aid 
Society, some thirty or forty prominent Gernrm ladies assembled ^/-esterday 
afternoon at the hall of the society, on LaSalle street to tender their 
assistance for the proposed fair# After the object had been stated by Mr* 
Adolph Schoeninger, the ladies proceeded to the election of officers, which 
had the following result: Mrs. D. E, Blutnardt, president; Mrs. A. Johnson, 
Secretary; Mrs. Beck, treasurer. After a great deal of friendly discussion 
as to the best means of makins; the proposed fair a great success, an ezeu- 
tive committee of four for each district of the City was appointed, where- 
upon the meeting adjourned* 

Ill Gr 



Illinois Staats Zeitung^ January 4, 1873 • 


For the American nativists, who consider Americanism as an already accomplished 
nationality and wish, consequently, to impose their ideals upon others, the 
census made in I87O contains a serious lesson. It appears from it that of 
the 38,500,000 inhabitants of the United States in I87O - 5*500,000 were born 
in foreign countries, that almost ten million were children of foreign-born 
parents, that at least half a million had a forei,^ri-born father, ten million a 
foreign-bom mother and that the births in Americanrborn families are constantly 

It is the immigration of that element which is most opposed to the nativist 
Puritanism i. e» the German element which is increasing the most* 

• 2 - GERMAN 

Illinois Staats Zeitunjg^ January 4, l873» 

The outlook for American nativism is the worst in the V/est* V/ith the exception 
of Texas and Missouri immigration still completely ignores the South. 

German immigration is heaviest in the Northv/est. The Irish immigration settles 
mostly in the East. German nationality is bound to exercise a great influence 
upon the formation of the future American national character, a greater in- 
fluence than the Anglo-American knights of the clod and the Puritan blockheads 
are now dreaming of. 

II D 10 

II E 3 Illinois Stsats Zeitunfi:. Noveriber 23, 1872. 



This communication is due to an event I witnessed last Sunday. As I have 
been for three ye.-^.rs an agent of a Oerrnan Society, which has had, as its 
puri.ose, the protection of immigrants, I believe that I am speaking irith 
some authority on this subject. 

Tnr.en the livening Post, claims that iminiiTants are received in as friendly 
a manner, here, as in any city of the Union, then this newspaper tells 
an cutriP:ht lie. I wish to give just one concrete example.' Last 
Sunday, shortly before 11 A. M. I boarded the ;.'ilwaukee train. There 
wer- so!:.e fifty six imnii^rrants. Each of then had been cheated out of 
.50 cents or more by an agent of Parnelee and Cor/nany. If an immigrant 
hcd no American money, the agent would r^o him the f vor of accepting 
a 5 mark coin instead, (which ir worth .80 cents) 

'-^ -^ 

xiUL " 2 ' ^^'M 

Illinois Staats Zei tung, IJoventer 23, 187S, 

The agent proceeds as follows: Fifteen minutes before the arrival of the 
train in Chicago he says to the inf'-igrants s me thing about "checks'* and 
"tickets," and then simply requests #50 cents from each. The immigrants, 
who do not understand English, believe the agents to be railroad officials 
and pay without protest. For that they receive an ommibus ticket which 
they almost never use. Not one of the immigrants on my train made use 
of it* 


^^T .^ 







V <y 


II D 10 
II :: 3 


Illinois Staats Zeitung ^ August 16, l872» 


The German Society is endeavoring as much as possible to protect the arriv* 
ing immigrant against too heavy expenses and extortions* For that purpose, 
the president of the of the society, Mr* Geo* Schneider, with Mr* A* G* 
Hesing went yesterday to the bureau of police and had a long conversation 
with Messrs* Talcott and Klokke* They sisked to have policemen stationed 
at railway stations to be on the look-out for immigrants* They also asked 
that their agents be granted the privileges of special policemen* 

They asked Mr* Parmelee to forbid his agents to solicit the patronage of 
immigrants* Mr* Parmelee is the owner of the omnibus wagons stationed 
at the railway stations* Too often a family of immigrants had to pay from 
five dollars to six dollars to be brought to their hotel just a few blocks 
away, since the price in the Parmelee bus is fifty cents per person* 
In Justice it must be said that Mr* Parmelee knew nothing about that, 
and, he gave his agents strictest orders, forbidding them to solicit the 
patronage of immigrants* 

- » or N 

I C 


GEEMAN '--"'' .' 

Illinois Staats Zeltang> J anuary 23, 1872 • 


• • •Axyparently Mr. Easing wished to restrict his answer to the approximate 
length of Mr* Collyer's letter- or he might hare mentioned many other and 
▼ery pertinent things* •• 

One point t howerer^ he should haTe brought out more fully; The Saccherlne 
sweet simpering of the Reverend ahout the nohlllty and magnanimity that 
Afcerlca T>roves by giving bread to industrious Europeon workers* What the 
deucel io the Immigrants come as beggars, who have to be fed out of pity? 
Or would It be perhaps the normal thing that the Americans devoured them like 
savage Fiji Islanders, so that one would owe s-oeclal thanks for not having 
been devoured? If Mr, Collyer earned more In his first month In Amerlcat 
than In his last In England, he was lucky Indeed. But his employer has 
surely not shown special generosity, except(what we don't believe) If he paid 
Mr. Collyer more than his work was worth* As regards the writer of tiiese 
lines, who was not at all Ignorant of English when he arrived, he had to 
earn as a peasant's servant and a woodchopper a very scanty bread and had 
to suffer hardships for years before he earned again as much as he used to 

. 2 . GERMAH ^ 

Illinois Staats Zeltung, Janttg^r y 23, 1S72< 

gain In Germanyt a country he left voluntarily. • • If personal experiences 
are to be taken as proof, then ours are as conclusive as these of Mr* Collyer. 
When American engineers find employment In Russia or Germany, nobody 
there thinks of regarding them as charity receivers. ••Svery American 
statistician calculates with beaming satisfaction the enormous gain the 
country has from Immlgrati on* # •Very well then, may the country thank 
Immigration and may Mr. Collyer spare us with his whining about the gratitude 
we owe the country* 

Ill g 

II B 2 d (1) Illinois Sta ats Zeitung , Aug. 19, 1871. 
TIT ^ P' — — ^ 

i^^ ^^ /5^a.:iG:ii*a:T lxbor/ 

IE -^ "^ 

We publish "below a letter from the Social Democratic Association here and one 
from the Chicago correspondent of Bebel*s Vqljcsstaat, Mr. H. R# Zimpel. The 
latter quotes in toto the lines that we took exception to; it appears that he 
has not really maintained that "at present already several thousand workers 
annxxally starve in the United States," but only that several thousands would 
starve if a very strong influx from Europe did take place* But even in this 
hypothetical form we could not admit the validity of the statement. Immigra- 
tion is still necessary for the United States, and the immigrants are doing 
well for themselves. Or isn't it true that even in a city like Chicago the 
immigrant laborer acquires, after a few years, a house and lot, and with that 
the essentials of independence? The fact that up to now the various attempts 
to foiind a special workers' party have come to nought throtigh lack of interest 
on the side of the workers, tha.t the various labor papers usually died after 
a short existence proves that the need for it is not yet being felt among the 

The invitation of the Association we will follow with pleasure, and will report 
the discussions to our readers. 

- 2 - SSRMAN 

Illinois Staats Zettung > August 19 » 1371. 

Chicago, August 16, 1871 
Editor of the Staats Zeitung ; 

The Socio-Political Workers' Association decided in its last meeting to 
invite the gentlemen of the Staats Zeitung to its next meeting at the place of 
Mr* Reiser at Halsted and 12th Street. Also to give for our friend Zin5)el the 
declaration that he acted completely in our sense and worthy of a Social Demo- 
crat, and that no real Social Democrat is afraid of a single paper of their (?) 
present day worm-e?ten society, hut gladly picks up the glove that is thrown 
to him in this curious way. In that, indeed, consists the difference hetween 
the Social Democracy and present day society, that the Social Democracy is 
pledged to mutual solidarity, to stand one for all and all for one, and that 
the latter did not need in the least to hide behind the chimney screen of the 
Socio-Political Labor Association. 

The Socio-Political Labor Association 
H. Herminghaus, Secretary. 

Post Scriptum: 

I would rather have concluded this matter with you personally but had to 

abide by the decision of the Association. 


Illinois Staats Zettung , August 19, 1871^^^/ ^/ 

However, one thing I would "beg of you; they were then no lies, but facts, 
that I reported; for you, small matters, but not for us, when workers die of 
hunger; where now is the liar? Is it the Cincinnatti Volksblatt , the Staats 
Zeitung, or the Internationals? 

Besides the paragraph in question in the Yolks staat reads verbally as follows: 
People in Germany still believe fairy tales about America, and many come over 
in the sure expectation to here find an Eldorado, only to find themselves 
bitterly disappointed. That only is due to the fact that the present corrupt 
press never cares about truth, but only writes what is of the greatest advan- 
tage of its own interest, and that is here in America the strongest possible 
influx of labor* Therefore, lies are gladly heaped on lies, because what harm 
does it do, even if here every year a few thousand worker? starve todeath, who 
might have managed to survive quite nicely over in Europe, Not by any means, 
do we want to stop our party comrades who want to come over* On the contrary, 
he who has made u^ his mind should come and some way or other he will, no 
doubt, muddle through;8nd he who has only some luck in finding employment here, 
is still a bit better off than in Germany. 

Now, gentlemen, my party comrades and I, find in this not a warning, but on 

- 4 - 



Illinois Staats Zeitung , August IS, 1871. 

the contrary, a direct invitation to immigrate into America. Where now is 
the liar? 

H. R« Zimpel. 

(Footnote of the translator: "It seems that the Staats Zeitung , after cruelly- 
joking ahout"Mr» Mikrokosm," now shows extraordinary patience with the honest, 
hut awkward Socialist. Actually, Mr. Zimpel had said exactly what the Stae.ts 
Zeitung quoted him as saying - however, from his next lines it appears clearly 
that he did not mean what he was saying. The struggle of the new mass parties 
emerging in the late nineteenth century was one for articulateness as much as 
for social standing.) 

Ill G 

CrEKtlAN r\ J^ 

II B 2 d (1) Illinois staats Zeltun^. Aug. 16, 1871. tS ^^-^ J 

I ^ /"immigrant labor_7 ^->^ 

The following strange letter was received at our offices: Replying to your 
article in the Staats Zeitung of today, regarding my reports to the Yolks taat , 
I should like to ask you next time not to mix in my person, as you will have 
seen very well that I acted only on the order of the Association. For the 
rest, the memory of the gentlemen of the Staa^ts Zeitung seem to suffer from 
extraordinary shortness, for it is hardly five months since it "brought daily 
reports from New York and other big cities that so many had died from hunger. 
Do the workers contract this fever perhaps from over-e?ting, or from what? 
Otherwise, yours truly, H. R. Zimpel. 

So. Mr. H. R. Zimpel is not a north, but a real person, even though he is angry 
that we have drawn him out of the shadows, while he would rather have remained 
hidden behind the chimney screen of the "Social Democratic Association." In 
any case Mr» Zimpel is unique. Because - revolting as it is - a few persons 
in the City of New York died of hunger, he warns the workers not to come to 
America, because in America, every year thousands starve to deathl He deserves 
a medal - and so does the Social Democratic Association, if it read and qp- 
proved this report before hand. If the Association still exists it would 
oblige us by sending us information reg^irding its next meeting. "Mochte selbst 
solcheinen Herren Kennen, ffursde ihn Herrn Mikroksmus nennen," (I would like 
to press him to my boson, I would call him Mr. Mikrokosm. ) 



The Chicago Times , Jan. 14, 1871* 

Wh (!LL)PKOJ.502/i 

A large meeting of the Chicago Colorado eelonj was held last evening in Arcade Hall* 


The R0T« Robert Collyer, president of the colony, in calling the meeting to order^ 
expressed his satisfaction with the idea of the colony t saying if it was carried out 
as it ought to he, and as he helieved it wpuld he, it would be one of the best moTe-* 
ments erer started* There co\xld be no doubt that there were large cities to be 
founded in the west, and a coiqpany going out to settle could found a village with 
schools* etc« , necessary to an advanced civilisation* He alluded to the trials of 
individuals when they settled alone on the public lands* 

W* H« Byers, the first man to take a press to Colorado, was then introduced* He 
pointed to a map on the blackboard, showing Denver, Cheyenne, the Black Hills, and 
the course of the railroad between them, and the site of the Oreely colony on the 
Cache La Poudre River* He alluded to the Chicago German colony, which now has 
50,000 acres ready for Irrigation, and 150,000 acres more in course of preparation* 

At the close of his lecture, a vote of thanks was extended to him, after which the 
meeting adjourned, when a number of persons subscribed to the articles of the colony* 


II D 10 

Illiuois 3taat3-*-ieitung , Apr, 15, 1868. 

rlErOnJ! DT TIlikSui^SR CF AID SOOl^HTf 

FCR GiiHiA:: i:,:.:iGiLu?r3 

(.:^pril 1, 1867 to April 1, 1858) 


Giiarl3s 7<ietz 

Rjceipts CO 

Gash on hand A^ril 1, 1867 ^317.78 

Dues 1, 998.04 

Rapar^uent of loans 145.40 

^iot procoeds of i?air 5,786. 57 

Proceeds from ball and raffle 329.07 

Proceeds fro.a play 53.25 

Proceeds fro..; sale of gifts 60.45 

Interest • • • 25. UO 


Ill G - 2 - GSRMM 

II D 10 


Illinois Staats-Zeltuag , Apr. 15, 1868. 

Proceeds from sale of pictures :^85. 00 

Refund of rent 64.50 

Total |6 , 864. 86 


Agents salary $795.00 

Support of indigents 1,544.70 

Rent 248.00 

Miscellaneous office expenses 109.77 

Advertisements and printing ••• • 50. 70 

Commission to solicitors • 196.10 

Bonds 2^782.50 

Total $5,773.72 


UL^ - 3 - GERIAN 

II D 10 =^ 

Illinois Staats-Zeitung ^ Apr* 15, 1868. 

Cash in treasuiy $1,014.18 

Cash in office of secretary 75«96 

Total 1,0S1.14 


Cash 1,091.14 

Bonds 3,000.00 

Secured loans 144.00 

Total 14,235.14 

The above report agrees with my records. 

Hermann Kaestner, secretary. 









Illinois Staats-Zeitung , Sept. 9, 1867. 

For the Month of August, 1867 

Ernst Knobelsdorf (Agent) 

Requests for employTnent • • 502 

Seou«d «.ploy«nt for 115 I 


Letters received 42 § 

Letters written • • • « • • 45 

Located baggage for. 

Secured railroad tickets from County Agent for 12 









Illinois Staat3-Zeltung » Sept. 9, 1867. 

Secured support through County Agent for 15 

Obtained treatment at County Hospital for 9 

Distributed $130.74 of Society's funds among 36 families. 




The President of the German Society of New York requested that I inform him -^^ 
of the number of immigrants who travel from New York to Chicago on immigrant ;3 
trains, stating that the railroad companies which have their headquarters for S^ 
immigrants at Castle Gardens, New York, claim that they bring immigrants from 
New York to Chicago in less than five days. 

This may be the case now and then, when it does not pay to run an immigrant 
train, because of an insufficient number of passengers; but the regular trip 
on an immigrant train from New York to Chicago takes from five to six days. 
Numerous unnecessary stopovers are made for the benefit of hotelkeepers and 


Ill S - 3 - CaiRMAH 

II D 10 

II D 3 Illinois Staats«Zeitung > Sept. 9, 1867 • 

II D 8 

saloonkeepers who pay railroad employees liberally for the opportunity 
of relieving the immigrants of their cash. 

Uiree of the main railroad companies have agents at Castle Gardens, Ihese 
roads transport the bulk of immigrants to the V/est. The employees of these 
roads are under the supervision of the Bureau of Immigration; but that govern- 
mental body apparently has no conception of its duty, which is to give immigrants ^ 
all possible assist&ince and protection. 


I gladly acknowledge that the authorities at Castle Gardens protect newcomers 
against the many imposters who formerly tried every means of taking adveuitage 
of the ignorance of most immigrants. However, that is but a small part of the 
prescribed duties of the Bureau of Immigration; and, what is more, immigrants 
pay for more service, for Castle Gardens is maintained entirely by the poll tax 
which is levied upon the immigrants and paid by them. 

One of the greatest evils which prevails at Castle Gardens, an evil which 












Illinois Staats-Zeitung . Sept. 9, 1867. 

greatly discredits the institution, is that the Bureau of Immigration 
has contracted with the railroads of New York for the sale of tickets to 
immigrants, and there is a rumor that the companies pay ten thousand dollars 
a year for this "privilege". 

However, the Bureau neglected to include in this contract provisions to the 
effect that immigrants are to be transported to their ultimate destination in 
the United States via express trains, are to be treated humanely, and that the ^ 
railroad companies represented at Castle Gardens are to assume the responsi- 
bility of transporting the baggage of immigrants on the same train on which 
the immigrants travel. 

As a result of the previously mentioned contract the New York railroad companies 
gained as much control over Castle Gardens as that held by the officers of the 
Bureau of Immigration, and they steadfastly disclaimed all liability, save 
that of promptly transporting immigrants and their baggage as far as the 








Illinois Staats^Zeitung , Sept. 9, 1867. 

immigrants traveled on the respective lines of these companies. In 

order to avoid complaints due to unnecessary delays, the Bureau was forced to ^ 

take upon itself the responsibility for prompt service. Therefore, to ex- ^ 

pedite the forwarding of the immigrants • baggage, special transfer agents have p 

been placed at the end of each railroad, and the salaries of these agents "^ 

probably amount to more than the "easy money" which the Bureau receives from g 

the New York railroads. ^ 


If the Bureau cares to prove that Castle Gardens exists for the benefit of Jj! 
immigrants, and not for the enrichment of the members of the Bureau and the 
railroad, it will soon put an end to the evils which we have mentioned. 

I cannot understand how the Bureau of Immigration can possibly justify its 
action in paying the salaries of the many transfer agents with part of the poll 
tax, since, according to business ethics the railroads which se^l tickets to 
immigrants thereby assume the legal obligation of rendering prompt and efficient 

Ill G - 6 - GERMAN 

II D 10 

II D 3 Illinois 3taats-Zeitung > Sept. 9, 1867. 

II D 8 

service, including protection of passengers against dishonest rail- 
road employees. 


The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad is setting a good example in good service to 
immigrants; this line transports them from Baltimore to Chicago in from two ^ 
to three days. 


In Baltimore, immigrants receive checkg fop their baggage, and the Baltimore S 
and Ohio Railroad thus assumes the responsibility for promptness in carrying <j^ 
the immigrants* baggage all the way from Baltimore to Chicago, and the baggage 
is transported on the same train as its owners. 

This Company also protects its immigrant passengers by employing agents who 
speak German and can thus give the immigrants the necessary instructions and 
directions to safeguajfii them against confidence men, dishonest hotelkeepers 
and saloonkeepers, etc# This procedure appears to be the only means of providing 


Ill G - 7 - GERMAN 

Illinois Staats-Zeitung , Sept. 9, 1867. 







iirmiigrants with adequate protection. 

In the effort to remove all existing evils, the Boai^ of Commissioners of '^ 
Castle Gardens recommend the following measures: ^ 

1) Abolish immigrant trains and transport immigrants via express trains. 

2) Make the New York roads responsible for prompt transportation of immigrants £ 
and their baggage; and force them to employ at all their terminals, agents who ^ 
speak both English and German so that they can give immigrants adequate pro- ^ 

Ill a 


Illinois Jtaats-^^ el tiuv;^ ■'^^<• ^, 1S67, 

ii.:.:icrL.Tioii .jd ^i: icix t^: 


Four years arp , Oonrresr: roco riizoil the pri:ic:;i O.o that inir.ii{:raticji is a 
national probloM, and not a pro bleii for the individual states, by settinc 
ut) an iTii' -ration coriviission; and every sensible r.erso]! a-'^.reos -;ith this 
vlevj. In nine cases out of ten, Irish or -err;Knn do not cone to .\iaerica 
v/ith the intention of selentin:' a certain one of t:ie tnirty-si:: states for 
their future hone, but ratlier v/ith the purpose of sottlin;' in any part of 
the Republic v/hero they v/ill find opportinity to work or where friendly ro 

neighbors attract them, ^.nd altjiou.ii after a stay of solb duration, they 
adopt certain custons and vrorlc for the causes m v;]'ich their co:xrj.nity is 
interested, they never develop a sense of individuality which is as intense 
as that prevailing: in Juropean corxi.uiities. They do not becoiie specifically 
Ilev; Yorkers , or P ennsyl vanians , or Kentucliians , but rather rronuui-spealcin^S 
-jriericaiis. The \;holo country benefits froii their iiinirTation. How often 



Ill G 

Illinois Staats-r.aitiuy:. , .yMQ. o, 1867. 


do we not hear xuierican econoiiiats say uixit each i-ii-iii::rant represents a 
contx'ibution betv/eon ^1,000 and ^^1,500 to oui* nation?.! ;;ealt::il 

However, althoucJi this truth is simple and clear, yet a practice \mich is 
directly at variance vath it lias tdhen root in respect to the care of - 
iiTimi Grant .^1. Ijmiinration, v;hich concerns the whole nation, is rijhtiy 
considered to be a specific iTiatter of those states in v/rdch the landing 
ports are located; or, since four fi:?t:i3 of all iinniTants disembark at 
Hew York, iiiiMici^^tioi is specifically an affair of that State. ."Jid x.'ov; , , 

York levies a poll tax of o^*50 upon each iruiic^i'aut—- and has no more right 
to do so tl:ian it has to place a customs tax on imported .^-oods. 

It is ti'ue that the authorities of the State of Hew York try to justify the 
ta:c by claimin;- that it is a kind of premiuj.i for insurance. Hvery iimni.-rant, 
they say, puj^chases v/ioh this small sum a claim to assistance in case he 
becomes a public char-re durinc the period when he is not a citizen, that is, 

- ( 


< ,: 

Ill a - ■:> 



Illincis -^^Qltpp^'^^ ..U;-:. o, 1367 

during: the first five years of his rssideiicG in ..riericr. Th.3 principle itsolf 
is good , but it i3 not applied, 'Hie Jtate of Mev/ Yorl: levio:; a poll tax upon 
every i:.niai.^Tant v;}io landTTn T'ev: York, ov a total betvreeri ^^00,000 and j500,000 
every year^ 'fhe suiii thus realized is to serve as an insurance .'und for sor^ 
200,000 ij;i:ai::rants; but only a fraction or that nunbor (one fifth, or one .^ 

fourth at the liiost) stays in l.ew York, xlie result is that those irf.ii, -grants v/hc^ 
settle in other states and become indigent throu.^'ii nisfort'oLie are deprived of A 
the benefits v;hich they purchased by paying: the poll tax, and, since they have p 
no leral claim to public assistance, they are dependent upon the nea.::er aid ^7;^ 
T;hich private cliari table or^^mizations render. Durin;:; the past fev: years, vje ^^ 
have cone across several cases of this s\;indlo (to call a spade a spade) ^^ 

practiced by the inmi::ration authorities of ITov/ York. "^ 

:To ivonder t::at tlie Go:.:}n*^sion has, so i.Tuch ir^oney in its treasury; no v/onder 
it could erect several Lia^juificent buildin.-;s on '..ard^s Island during the 
past fifteen years and still maintain a reserve fund of i.X)re than half a 

• III G - 4 - CERMAH 

Illinois Staats-Zeitung , Aug, 3, 1867 • 

million dollars. And nov: we understand, too, vAiy the Cornraission is so eager 
to rush iiomierants out of the State v/hile they still have enough money to pay 
for passage (including the enormous commission of the pashas of Castle Gardens) 
to some V/estem State, for the poll tax paid by all immigi^ants who leave the 
State of New York is "net profit" for the Commission. 

It is in the interest of all Vd'estern States, and especially of large cities ^' 
which are railroad centers, to see to it that Con^press brings about a change ^ 
in this situation, that the poll tax system is thoroughly reformed, and that ^- 

this be done on a national basis. 5 

 ■■''■■ p 

The solution of the problem is very simple. The poll tax is either a customs -^ 
tax, and in that case no individual State ever had authority to levy or colleci 
it; or it is an insurance premiiim, and any State has a just claim to a part 
of the fund amassed through collection of poll taxes, a part which is in 
proportion to the number of immigrants x-Aio settle in that State. 

i- 1 1 Cr — O •■ (xLj -U IrUT 

Illinr-JG ••>L'r.rit3-::^eiti,mc» --W> '^> 1367. 

.\3 soon as Gon,£:ress is c.,::ain in session, local r'roups v.-ill propose a bill 
restrict in. the lev:'inj:: and collection of a poll tare to the jocleral Bureau 
of I: inii' ration and providin:: that tlie fund collected oy t!x;t ar-cncp he 
distributed to each otate in proportion to i:he nunbor of iriiii grants v;hc renain 
therein. Corxion sense, and a sense of justice to-.-ard all, dictate such a 
measure, no riatter hov; loudl:,- and virpmusly t'le ..gv; York authorities protest 
against it and cite the presont arran'jorient aa a precedent. 

The poll-tax rate could v;ell '..e increased v;ithout bein,^ burdon^ono or unjust. 
It is nuch better, and iiorc laoncst, to char,:e tlie iii:ii::rant ^'ive dollars for f 
a real value, tliat is, insurr.nce against need Tesi^ltin;* fro::i no fault of his ^- 
o\my ti:an to t:..he tuo dollars fixDii hin and rive hir; nothiaj but unl:CT3t 
prcLiisos in return. .^Ji insurance coiipan;' uhich knov/s beforehand that it 
cannot noet tlie just clairis of tlj?ee fourths of it-s insured can lo'ver its c 

preirdun rate i.ioro easily than a ccnpany ::: ich proposes to cover the losses 
of all its custo: :ers. Ko;;over, that is a point of only ninor import- mce. 
The preniujt.a rate of .lonest insurance v.dll alv/ays have to be conputed on tlie 



C' J 

. III G - 6 - (g;HiaiT 

Illin o is Staats-Zeitimc > ^^uc* 3, 1867* 

basis of an exact statistical tlieor^^ of probabilities. The main tlung is ^ 

' tliat imrrdcrant insurance or poll ta::es should be taken from the jurisdiction ^l 

and control of the individual States and placed under the supervision and p 

administration of the Fodoral Go verni.ient . ^^ 



V* i  ■' t »'o; 








H, Relations 
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Ill H 


C i 

Abendpost > Dec. 14, 1934. 


A group of Saarlanders, the first, consisting of one hundred persons — men, ^ 

women, and some children — departed today for Nev/ York. Tomorrow at midnight ^ 

they will begin their ocean trip on the fast steamer "Bremen," of the North ^ 

German Lloyd, for the old homeland, where, as is well knovm, a referendum ^ 

is taking place which will decide the future fate of the Saarland. More § 
persons who have the right to vote will depart after Christmas. 


Besides many relatives and friends of the travelers. Consul General Dr. Jaeger 
and Vice-consul Dr. o track came to the LaSalle Street station to say goodby 
to those leaving for Germany. Herr Joseph P. Martin, president of the local 
organization of the Saarlanders, personally accompanied this first group. 

Two hundred passengers from Chicago and the middle west will start their 
Christmas trip for Germany on the "Bremen". This company of travelers is under 
the personal leadership of Herr '.Valter Rankenburg, of the local Hapag-Lloyd 



Ill H - 2 - GERMAN 

Abendpost > Dec. 14, 1934. 

! Office and, as last year, they go tonight, at 6 P.Ivl. , on the Erie railroad 
( to New York. 



1   ■• 














— 1 













III B 2 

Sonntagpost (Sunday Edition of Abend post) , Dec. 2, 1S34. 

Dear Countrymen: 

For fourteen years now, our German brothers have lived apart from their own 
people under an alien rule, which does not serve the territories entrusted to 
it in faith, but is willing to obey the will of foreign potentates in the most 
decisive questions. These foreign potentates reach out their hands for this 
rich territory vftiich lies at the gates of their own land. A long time ago, 
the lies about the Saar, with which French diplomats managed to bend the will 
of the other powers in Versailles to create a new Alsace-Lorraine, were 
uncovered. It has long been apparent to the \irtiole world that the Saar has 
suffered great national and moral injustices. And still the League of Nations 
shrinks helplessly away from influential France, and does not right this 
injustice; France still refuses to release the Saar, which has long given 
clear and unanimous evidence of its unshakable will, before all the v/orld, to 
reunite itself with the Reich, Verily, France has much to answer for to 



Ill H - 2 - GgRI'.!lAN 

III.B 2 

Sonntagpost (Sunday Edition of Abend post ) , Dec. 2, 1934. 

the Saar regioni Is it not a grave proof of moral turpitude to keep, against 
their will and by force, a people from its common motherland, a people which 
has been intimately united with Germany, its history and culture, for more 
than a thousand years? Is it not economically unsound to give over the home 
of that people to the gravest upheaval they ever went through? In spite of all 
that, there is cold silence over there, and adherence to the paragraphs of a ::2 
treaty that was conceived in a wrong and has continued to exist in injustice. 


It is the task of every good German to co-operate, to the extent of all his X, 
powers, in keeping the region of the Saar German and undivided. That task is yet 5 
to be completed. The noble pro-German demonstrations at the Saar should have 
decided the German future of the people of the Saar in favor of that self- 
government which has been so highly praised by the League of Nations. 

^»^Je are Germans by descent, history, language, and attitude. Now, during the 
deepest misfortune that beset our German brothers and sisters, we want to be 
united with them. A union of the Saarbruecke region with France would be 

Ill H 
III B 2 

- 3 - 


Sonntagpost (Sunday Edition o f Abendpost ) , Dec. 2, 1954. 

incompatible with President V/ilson*s principles, which were accepted, not only 
by Germany, but also by our enenies, as the basis for peace negotiations." 

So reads the proclamation which was sent, in the fom of a petition, to Presi- 
dent "itfilson, at Versailles, by the citizens of Saarbruecke, in December, 1918, 
in an effort to prevent Franceses annexation of the Saar region. It therefore 
represents the will of a people of a countiy over which Versailles placed a 
regulation which did not formally deliver the Saar region, as a geographical 
and political entity, over to j'rance, but which gave the economic key position 
of this territory — the mines of the Saar — to France. IVith this, they have sub- 
jected the inhabitants of the Saar, and their economic life (which directly and 
indirectly depends on these mines) to the v;ill and influence of France. Can there 
be any greater infringenent upon a people's riglit to self-goveminent than a form 
of regulation by which a highly civilized. Christian population of more thaii 
three-quarters of a million Germans living in the heart of Europe is treated as 
part of the chattels of the owners of the coal mines, just as though they lived 
in times of huinan slavery? 

Ill H - 4 - GSHIJAII 

III B 2 

Sonntagpost (Sunday Edition of Abendpost), Dec. 2, 1934. 

On January 13, 1935 the people of the 3aar region will decide by a plebiscite 

whether they want to continue bowing to the dictates of iTrance, or whether they 

want to return to the mother country? All persons of either sex have a right to 

vote who, first, are no re than twenty years old on the day of the plebiscite; 

second, v;ho, on the day the Versaille treaty was signed (June 2Sth, 1917) had ^ 

lived in the Saar. The fact of adopted citizenship in another country does ^ 

not disqualify a voter, and that is vmy those oaarlanders who live at present i^ 

in ^iir^erica have decided to take part in the plebiscite and will, for that C 

purpose, go to Ger^uany. 2 


\Jhat is our raost sacred duty ip. this entire natter. V/e nust enable these '^ 
persons to exercise their rir^it to vote by cont-^^ibuting to the errpenses of C:5 
tlie iuaerican oaarland voters who go to LrerLjany. B^'- expenses we do not i:iean 
traveling expenses, but costs of the support of woiien and children whose 
husbands or fathers are about to journey to Gennany to exercise their 
suffrage ri£;hts. ;/e nust not leave these wives and children in want and 

III B 2 

Sonntacpost (Sunday .edition of AbendpoGt ) , Dec, li, 1934. 

misery at a tine wien their husbands and fatliers are about to give evidence 
of their unbreal:able laith in their riothorland. 

In an effort to nake those contributions possible, there v;ill be a dOiV^on- 

stration for the oaar on Saturday, December 8th, in the Ashland auditorium. 

It will be a festival v;hose net proceeds v;ill be turned over for the benefit 

of the wonen and children. 

'The or:^anizations and corporations listed belov; have fimay declared then- 
selves in f av r of tlie oaar question and call upon all Gerj.ians to be at the 
forthcoming demonstration for the oaar. if, thus, ever^' Gen.ian fulfills 
his duty to his old honeland, then a great irioral triuiiiph resulting froin 5^ 
the participation of the -.vnericrin oaarlanders in the plebiscite v;ill be 

Geman Count r^^^ncn, do your duty by your ovm people! 

Ill H - 6 - GERMAN 

III B 2 

Sonntagpost (Sunday Edition of Abend post ) , Dec. 2, 1934. 

V/ith true German Greetings: 

Vereinigte Maennerchoere von Chicago (United Men*s Choruses), 
Vereinigte Damenchoere von Chicago (United Ladies' Choruses), 
Illinois Tumbezirk (Illinois Turner District), Odd Fellows, 

Goethe Lodge, 
Unterstuetzungs-Verein (Mutual Aid Society) , 
Deutsch-Amerikanischer Buergerbund (German-Anerican Citizens* 

Bund) , 
Sachsen Verein (Saxon Society of Chicago), 
Deutscher Krieger Bund (Bund of German ^Vorld V/ar Veterans), 
Saarlaender Verein (Society of Saarlander s ) , 
Vereinigte Saenger von Chicago (United Singers of Chicago), 
Independent German -Am eric an Woman's Club, 
Damenzirkel der Vereinigten Deutsche Presse (Ladies' United German 

Press Circle) , 
Schutzbund Deutscher Sportsvereine (German Sporting Clubs' 




Ill H - 7 - GEHMAN 

III B 2 

Sonntagpost (Sunday 3dition of Abend post ) > Dec. 2, 1934. 

Protective Bund) , 
Plattduetsche Grotgilde (Low German Grand Lodge), 
Turnverein Vorwaerte (For^rard Turner Society), 
German Club /of Chicago/, 
German Day Organization, 

Freunde des Neuen Deutschland (Friends of New Germany), 
Deutscher Unterstuetzungs Bund, Zentral Komite (Central Committee 

of the German Aid Society, Chicago district). 
Palatinate Organization. 




III B 2 


I G 



Abendpost , AUg. 8, 1934« 


Yesterday, on the evening of the day vdien the body of Paul von Hindenburg, 
President of the Reich, was laid to rest in the Tannenberg monument, the 
German Consul General of Chicago held a memorial service in St. Paul's 
Evangelical Lutheran Church, at the comer of i^llerton Avenue and Orchard 
Street. As was expected, the throng at this memorial service was so large 
that the Church itself and the adjoining Sunday-school rooms v;ere not large 
enough to hold all those who wished to pay their last respects to the uni- 
versally revered field marshal and statesman. 

For this occasion the wall behind the altar of the Church was draped with 
the flag of the President of the Reich on the left, the Swastika banner on the 
right, and the American flag in the center. Under the pulpit hung a picture 
of the great dead. The lights were draped in black. At this ceremony, held 
by the local Germans to show their esteem for the "Father of the Fatherland,'* 
the diplomatic representatives of foreign nations were present, as well as 
representatives of the American Army and Navy, and one representative of the 
American Red Cross. Many of these v/ere ia brilliant uniforms • 

'"^ W.Pi. 

Ill H - 2 - GERMAN 

III B 2 

III C Abendpost , Aug* 8, 1934. 

I G 

IV All the consuls were there, under the leadership of their dean, Com- 

mendatore Castruccio, the Italian Consul General. Representatives of the 
city, county, and Nation were also present. 

Vftiile the organist, Charles Espenshade, played the mighty strains of Beethoven*s 
"Trauermarsch" (Funeral March), the color guards of the veterans » associations 
and of the national societies inarched in. Representatives of the Deutscher Krie- 
ger-Bund (League of German ;:ar Veterans), the Verein Deutscher Vleltkriegsvete- 
ranen (Society of German V/orld V'ar Veterans), the Deutscher Krieger-verein 
(German Veterans* Society), the Krieger-Kameradschaft (Veterans* Comradeship), 
the Marine-Bundes (Marines* Association), the Landwehrverein (Landwehr Society), 
the Oesterreichisch-Ungarische Militaervereine (Austro-Hungarian Military 
Societies), the Stahlhelm (Steel Helmet), and the Bund Der Freunde Des Neuen 
Deutschland (Society of the Friends of Nev/ Germany), v;ere present at the cere- 
mony, taking their position near the chancel. 

An instrumental quartet played the hymn, "V^enn ich einmal soil scheiden. So 

scheid* du nicht von mir" (If I ever have to go away, Do not leave me). Then 

the pastor of the Church, Dr. ^/George 1,J Scherger, began the ceremony by re; 


Ill H - 3 - GERllAN 

III B 2 

III C Atfendpost > Aug» 8, 1934. 

I G 

^ citing the jmssage from the Psalm, "Es sollen v/ohl Bergen weichen.'* 

Jrtie quotation is actually Isaiah 54,10: "Mountains shall depart." Perhaps 
Psalm 46.2 is meant^ The Schiller Liedertaf el joined with the Sohleswig- 
Holsteiner Saengerbund in singing, under the direction of Reinhold V/alter, 
Beethoven's "Hymne An Die Nacht" (Hymn to the Night), which found its echo 
in the hearts of the audience. TBien came the reading of the Scripture by- 
Reverend A. F. Muenstennan, president of the Evangelischer Pfarrerverband 
(Association of Ministers of the Evangelical Lutheran Church), who selected 
passages from John, Chapter 9, and the Ninetieth Psalm. The incomparable 
"Vater Unser," by Schubert, sung with great feeling by Mrs. Dorothea 
Derrfuss. A second reading from the Bible followed, this time by Reverend 
Louis tV. Goebel, vice-president of the Svangelische und Reformierte (Evangel- 
ical and Reformed) Church, v;ho read from the Ninety-first Psalm. The playing 
of the song, "Es ist bestimmt in Gtottes Rat," by the horn quartet, a moving 
prayer by Timothy Lehmann, president of Elmhurst College, and the singing of 
Schubert's "Sanctus" by the choir, led up to the funeral sermon which was given 
by the Reverend Dr. Scherger. 

In his references to history. Dr. Scherger sought to show the pure Gen 

^11 H - 4 - GERMAN 
III B 2 

J^^ ^ Abendpost. Aug, 8, 1934. 


character of this greet man. By the holding of this memorial service 
in connection v.ith religious services, sufficient homage already had been 
paid to the deep piety which v;as an inseparable part of the life of the 
President of the Reich. Hindenburg»s chief characteristics, his faithful- 
ness to duty, his love of the German people, and the firmness of his character, 
were described by the speaker, v.ho drew examples from the eventful life of 
the deceased. 

At the conclusioPx of the sermon, l^s. Dorothea Derrfuss sang another solo, 
"Meine Seele ist stille zu Gott*!* 

V/ith the simple words of the Lord's Prayer, and the bestowal of the blessing 
by the Reverend Herman T. ochick, the ceremony reached its climax. Few were 
unmoved by the beauty of these words and the notes of "Ich hatt* einen 
Kameraden" (I had a comrade )• a bugle call was sounded to the dead warrior 
and field marshal, lying in his last resting place, the grave. 

At the conclusion of the ceremony the organist, Charles Espenshade, played 
the funeral march from '^Siegfried," while the crowd streamed out of the Church. 

Ill H - 5 - GERMAN 

III B 2 

m C Abendpost, /iUg> 8, 1934. 


About five thousand persons took part in the ceremony* Two thousand 
seats h^d been provided in the Church proper, and one thousand in the base- 
ment • 

A detachment of police directed traffic perfectly. 

Celebration in Old Heidelberg Inn 

Late last evening, in the Old Heidelberg Inn on Randolph Street, George Hess- 
berger and his Bavarian Concert Orchestra gave a special program in memory of 
the dead President of the German Reich. The conductor, who himself took part 
in the VJorld ••-ar, and v^as decorated a number of times, spoke a few thoughtful 
words, while the music played in a subdued manner. In the course of the 
memorial program, the well-known "Ave Maria" by Gounod, the Soldiers • song, 
Ich hatt» einen Kameraden" (I had a comrade), the riding song "Morgenrot" (The 
Red Sky of Moiming), and others were rendered. 



I C 

IE Abendpost , Sept* 15, 1933, 



The German government intends to launch a propaganda campaign of colossal ^ 

proportions. According to reports from Berlin, the propaganda is intended >• 

to serve a double purpose, to strengthen the spirit of nationalism among ^ 

the German people and to counteract criticism in foreign countries* That O 

the German government has a right, or, if you v/ill, the duty to spread ^ 

propaganda and through it to influence opinions inside and outside the J2 

country, is quite natural. Propaganda is always good and effective — ^^> 
provided it is conducted right. 


It is reasonable, in this connection, to point to Italy. Italy was the first 
among the great powers to introduce a purely dictatorial government after the 

Ill H - 2 - GERMAN 


I E Abendpost , Sept. 15, 1933» 

war, but in point of fact Turkey was ruled by a dictator long before, and 
there were also other European countries such as Spain, Poland, and 
Jugoslavia, in which democratic constitutions still existed on paper only* 
Italy was the first of the great European powers in which democracy was 
abolished in all its forms, without leaving a trace. 

This was very much resented in this country. The press heaped bitter and 
malicious criticism on Mussolini. It emphasized, time and again, that 
Mussolini ^s procedure was temtamount to retrogression, to a change from the 
better to the worse, to a return to barbarism. Mussolini was not a whit 
daunted by all that, nor did he get emotional or upset. When the foreign 
correspondents began to annoy him, he simply made them leave the country; 
since he had a right to do that, no one lost his temper about it. 

Of late, the attitude of the press and public opinion have changed radically 
with respect to Mussolini and Italy. Mussolini is no longer criticized, and 


Ill H - 3 - camiAi-i 

I c 

I E AbendpQst > Sept. 15, 1933* 

it is generally admitted that he brought about order in Italy, and that he 
pulled the people out of the quagmire. Every Italian and Aiaerican who 
visits Italy returns an enthusiastic eulogist of the new order. Mussolini's 
propaganda was the best and most effective ever used. Ke told the v/orld 
that by his fruits they shall know him. That these fruits are good is 
generally acknowledged today. 

It cannot be denied that the attitude toward Germany that is prevalent in 
foreign countries is by no meuns favorable. Two recent events may serve as 37 
examples of the way this opinion is expressed by the press. A fev/ days ago 
it was reported that the Pope had refused to sign the concordat v;ith the 
German goverment, as he did not agree v/ith their church policies. This was 
a piece of clever propaganda, for it was obviously intended to incite the 
Catholics of the world against the German government. It was also stupid 
propaganda in the extreme, because the very next day the concordat was 
solemnly signed. 


Ill H - 4 - GERMAN 

I C 

I S Abendpo3t > Sept. 15, 1933, 

For years, Dr. Edf^ar J. Fisher was dean of the American Robert College in 
Constantinople, now Istambul. V/hen, recently, he v/anted to return to 
Turkey from a vacation trip to the United States, he was refused readmission. 
The Turkish government took offence at an article in an American pedagogic 
paper which was not even written by Dr. Fisher, but for which — as assumed 
by the Turkish government — he must have supplied the material. 

The press paid no attention to this occurrence. It is apparently aware that r^ 
every government has a right to determine whom it v/ants to accept as a guest, C 
and to whom it should refuse entry. Had the German government acted similarly,^! 
it would undoubtedly have provoked a storm of indignation in the American .~ 
press. One might be tempted to know, from this, the conclusion that Turkey - 
is more popular in America than present-day CJermany. 

It appears useless for the German government to attempt to counter foreign 
attitudes and propaganda inimical to Germany with a great campaign of words. 


Ill H - 5 - CERI.1AN 

I C 

I E Abendpost , Sept. 15, 1933, 

Tlie American press will certainly take notice of these words, especially 
in Hitler* s speeches, for Hitler is front page iriaterial. The effect will 
be neither deep nor far-reaching, for such propaganda, organized and ordered 
by the government, can never have a convincing effect. It might perhaps be 
effective if the government would instruct its diplomatic and consular repre- -y 
sentatives immediately to issue denials of all false reports, and to demand .-^ 
publication of the denials. f^ 

There is still another point which is of utmost importance. The systematic ^ 
procedure of the CJerman government against the Jews has created a great ^^^ 
deal of bad blood in foreign countries. It is quite natural that the Jews ^ 
of America and of other countries should espouse the cause of their racial 
brothers in Germany and that they should seek to damage the German government 
by means of word and deed. \lho would blame them for that? The treatment of 
the Jews is considered a grave injustice in foreign countries, and no amount 
of propaganda will offset that. 



III H - 6 - QEJa^IAN 

I C 

I E Abendpost , Sept. 15, 19 33. 

So far as the Gerr-ian goveriuaent is concerned, this attitude of enmity to 
the Jews is a point in its program; it constitutes a practical fulfillment 
of its racial theory, known to play a very important part in its philosophy. 
If the government wants to continue in its adherence to this theory and to 
the practical effects resulting from it, it is its own business. Then it 
must also accept the consequences of inimical attitudes in foreign countries. 






III i: 


III a 

I c 

3or.r:t MQDOot { .^unday 


•^7 ' ' TU ' 

• >''"'*■ ■> " < 

.V ■-»'•. w/ J. j.^ -i- ^ X ^  J> 


In li.rce sections of cur n-.tivo, ovori ir^ eircl-:G v: ich Ghoiad ::nox^r 

better, there is apparently no realization or t::o o^iLi >n •.nicxi tLe :'en:ian« 

.a.ierican,i«e., the -c:i;rica:: citizen of ''■er'ian ori;in — and oi hiin only do ^ g 

srj2i\iz here — aGsuMOS in '>?ra-ai cultural lii 




'ieri-aua-vJierican nas never 
lor-^otten hi;: old country in all tho.:;e ye-^ru. lie ]zncy^jS ho:/ riuch he is in- 
debted to Geniany, even though he cculd not earn a livin^-^^ He is at- 
tach "d to the cu3tn'^3 and habitc, the l:aicua.:e, lieder, and literature of hie 
native coiuitry. lie ccnjiders hi.a^elf i);.rt a:\d p reel -f the 3enian culture, 
oven i£ he has eli.:unat d a yood iv ny of hi;; oiitv;;i.rd Cernan char: cteriatics 
as a result of hie .iS:.'OCia- i'^-i :'ith hi:^ nev; /^leric^in/ coiuv-t riots, aid has 
rrovm a ne:7 .»r.ierican e iaer: ls« 

But des-ite these fond :\enories, -;aic]i ::e v;::uld not relinquish for -nyt .inc 



Ill H - 2 - G^MrJT 

III a 

I C Sonntagpost (Sunday Edition of Abendrost ) , Aug. 27, 1933. 

in the world, his whole existence, his hopes and dreams, as .jell as his dis- 
courageinents and worries are rooted deep in the soil of his adopted country. ^ 

Hovf could it be ot: erwise? His and his children's future depend on the 5 

welfare and prosperity of his new country. At the time when he immigrated, ^ 

he probably did not realize this, nor did he anticipate that it would happen. tr 
Ke probably set out into the world, intending to remain a few years abroad, and ^ 
then return home a man of property. The fact that he did not expect it to ^ 

happen, did not prevent it from happening. From the moment he set his foot on 
American soil, he had no further choice of his ovm. His fate vjas sealed. 
In order to make a living, he had to become a part of his new homeland, 
and soon it became apparent that only in rare cases could he ever break away 

The immigrant comes to the United States either with the intention of trusting 
his. future to the r)Owerful nation that has extended him hospitality, or other- 
wise must arrive at the conclusion, during the course of years, that there is 
no room in the United States for colonies of alien nationalities* If he is 



Ill :: - 3 

III a 

I J Sonnt.-',gpost (Jmiday Edition oi .iher^dno3t ) , ..u;. 27, .19oo* 

still able to ^v:]lre the break, he nay return hone a:-aixi, but statistics shov; 
that only a fev/ seek tais lat'.er alt-r:iative» Loct irti -runts boc(v;:o so ^ 
firmly est ab Li shed here that they cannot brealc loose, and in the end they 3 
have to fall in '.ine v'ith all the oth-rs^ L i::i-^-r ints to the United Jtates, ^ 
Tvhother of '>orrian or any other nationality, not only lose their national p 
identity as tLae r:o;.s by, but subsequent ^-enoritions fr'^-quently are not con- ^ 
scions of their national origan at all. .Jid fjis. is cnly natur'l vmere a ? 
stronr; nati --n harbors so many forei.^n elerrients, v;ho do not live cro-7ded to- 
yethar but ainale fr:^aly ^f^ith the rest of the citisenr^. 'fl^e st^.te has 
the obli^-ation to instil in its /fcrei:'?i-born7' citizens a nev; sense of 
nationality and civic conscio-sness, Jvery st-.te has this aii:i and nust pursue 
it in order to preso.'ve its iato\::rity as a natioD. 

In the Inited Jtates there are no colonies of alien nationalities in the sense 
that one speaks of 'J^ colonials. It is true that there are 'ierrians living 
here v/iio are citizens of the .{eich; they ;re s;uests of the ::'Ovorn:;-ent , and if 
they 'wisli, they nay fom their ovm .^:ociet:"' es :ind join associations v;ith 




TT xr 

i i. 



I C 


Somitan'''JOGt {Sunday Edition of^o.'^t) , -Mr* R7, I'Joo. 

he:jidq.ii£.rters outsiue of the United Jt..te3« Dut .^ociotioc :.Mich are conpcsGd 
entirely or partly of .i:.oricir.. citizens, .;ou].u do v;oli — for ro'jis .ns v:e need 
not r;ivo here — to associate the:i.;eives v;ith otiier .j.:eric:A:i organizations, 
instead of joinijiy forei^:n on 33, \::\ioh natiiraij/; do iiot and cmnot :^ut .j erica' 
interests first* To e^:t'.bliGh and clooent cnlturil relations bet-;eon 
Crerin'-in-.w.ieric'.ns i^. their^ co..._ ut riots in the ^~ld countr:/, v:e do not need an^^ 
consolidation of JS'^-— ''^"-z/ -^-^-J^iC'im. societies under tne auspices o£ or;-:aniza- 
tio::s v/;.ich have ho:;dc:uart jrs in G-eniuny, ".rith st..tute3 und bvlaus controlled 
by a foT'ei^Ti .•::overnner t» ..e nust r.iahe this clo'ir -jcause the Braid dor 
.aislr^ndsdeutschon (-j::30ci ution of '-Tem:.UiS .ibro^d), v:hich is coi.:_ oned of "kjiTucis 
v/ho are citizens of the .teich, and der:.-ai colonials, :;ith he .dcuarters in 
Berlin, ....s r.iade the .^maeunceMent that it v.ould not rest until all '--errnai- 
American societies had joined it, 'fixe Sorn.t <: ost !:•• of the opinion tjnat the 
C-orrrian-. -aerie an societies are not a juitable o-jject rov the activities of the 
Berlin orpanization* 




II A 1 

I G Abendpost> July 28, 1S33 


»-' -*...- .,, 

V.^LL-DES2RV3D IIOKOH '' '" "*' 

^V.1.0 oi. 

In the name of the President of the Geiinan Red Cross, !£iss Luise !Jgle, head 
nurse of the operating rooin in the local County Hospital, v/as presented yes- 
terday with the decoration of the German P^ed Gross by Dr. Hugo ?• SLiion, the 
German Consul General. V/ith the consent of the President of the Reich, Field 
Marshal von Hindenburg, the cross v;as av/arded her on llarch 6, 1933, for ser- 
vices she performed in 1915 in caring for German war v;ounded. 

Kiss 2gle v/as bom im Michigan. Her parents v.ere natives of IVuerttemberg. 
She graduated from the Illinois Training School for Kurses, v/hich is con- 
nected with Cook County Hospital, and in 1913 obtained a position in the lat- 
ter. In 1916 she v/as sent to Geri-any with American ICxpedition No. 3, which 
was equipped by German-^vaericans, to care for v/ounded German soldiers. In 
St. Marienschule (3t. Mary's School) in llaumberg An Der Saale she established 
a hospital^ V.Oien the United States entered the 7orld j'ar she returned to 


III H - 2 - GSIS.1AIT 

II A 1 

I G Abend yost . July 28, 1933. 

/uaerica and again took vn her duties in the County Hospital. 

WFA (!LL> ?-u 

JU.- / .; 

Ill :i 

Hiss Ilargarette '3ach, vho under auspiC'S of the Carl Schurz :'-e:"iorial foundation 
is visiting this country, han after a len-:thy stay, a^ain left Chicago. Mir^.s 
Bach is knovm as one of t/io forenost reciters of th^) present time, 3he appeared 
in Chicago at I'orthvrestern 'Jniver.^ity, at the Columbia Ladies' Club, at the 
German Press Scciety, and in a nu:iber of other sr^cieties as an elocvitionist. 

Her artistic perfornances were adriired b;; ever^/bocy, and she iiade friends every- 
where ov/inf^ to her pleasinf: .Manners. It does credit to Hiss Bach that by means 
of her recitals s\^': succe doc in restcrinp^, the interest of .Imericans in the 
later Oeri.ian v/ritin>^s. She v/ent to '.Jashin'^ton, and t ^e literary circles of 
the national Oaoitol -ire lockin'? forward vrith ^^roat interest to her arrival. 

President 'loover vjill receive Hiss Bach and -^'ive a breakfast in her honor. 

Ill H 

— ^ _ 
• ^ "• 

Abend20st, 7eb, 5, 19-53 • 

This will :;ive her an opportunity to recite sorae of the best numbers of her 



Ill II 


^.bendport, Apr. 27, 19^2. 



On a trip throu:-h the United States, vrhich brines 1'Uk to Cliicaco, Detroit and 

the ITiagara Falls, and ir made in the interest of pronotinc travel betv/een 

America and Bavaria, Coimcellor Lr. Goetz, of the Gerrian L:inistry of Foreign 

Affairs, v;hile stopping in Chicago, registered at the Fisinarclv hotel. 

The vif^itor v;as a guest of Rufus Dav:es at the horld^s Fair grounds and spohe 
in the diinistration '^uilding about :.:unich and its beer industry, Tvhich is 
quite an opportune subject to tall: about. The buildings, \:hich are in the 
course of construction for the '.Vorld's Fair, v:cre the cause of r.iany enthusi- 
astie outbreaks of ad:::iration on the part of Dr. C-oetz, especially the l^iseun 
of Science and Industrv, vrhich through the financial help of the deceased 
Julius Dosenv/ald, vjas equipped after the patteiTx of the Gernan LIuseLua in Ilunictt, 

Dr. Gocts expressed his surprise at the progressive spirit of Chicago, declaring 
that mostly, only -reports of crimes co:;:::itted in our city reach the German 


II B 2 g 


II B 2 e 

II B 2 c 

I C 

..bendr)03t » Ipr. 19, 1932 • 

PRCIIIN.ITT F"H::rrB ON TTLl aj!^L\K GOIjIITT::]] 07 Tli^ DTTJI'^^.TiriLlL 


The idea of or:^anizing an International Hadio ?orun for the purpose of inter- 
national understanding and exchLin.T.e of ideas x'/as put into practice only a fov; 
weeks a.'^o. This inr;enious application of modern technique v;as first riade in 
iaris, ?;here a Trans-Atlantic transiiittins servico v/as organized, T^e idea has 
nov; /^ained a stronp, foothold in Oer^iany* 

Cwinc "to tiiis, Oerrfian-Zjiepicans in the United States v.dll have a chance in the 
future to listen ...or'- often to .Ionian authorities of different branches of 

As founder and chairiian of the International Radio Forum, the former .irnbassador 
to Sv/eden, Ira'I.'elson I.Iorris, loade recently knovm that a German Coniiittee vjsls 
formed v/hich consists or the follov;inc^, prominent public m n in Germany: Dr. 
i:.C, Bertlinf^, director of the American Institute in Berlin; the wholsale 
manufacturer, Dr. Robert Basch; Dr. Hans von Bredow, national Broadcasting Com- 
missioner; Dr. Ku^o ::ckener, Director of the Zeppelin Jorks; Prof. .Ubert ::in3tein; 

- 2 - GEK.IAN 



Abendpost . A-iT. 19, 1932. ''"i "^ ' 

Dr. Gerhart Ilauptmann; I^of. Hlrnst Jaekl, president of the German College ' " 
of Politics; Dr. Hichard von ?:uehliiian, forraer Secretary of State of Foreign 
Affairs Franz von L'endelsohn, former president of the International Chamber 
of Commorce; the wholesale manuf actiirer , Dr. Carl Friedrich von Siemens; 
Dr. V/ilhelm Solf , former Ambassador of the German Reich; Banker ^ax .Jarburg, 
and L^ax Jordan, representatives of the National Broadcasting Company in 
ydddle 'Europe. 

Organized on an International Basis 

The International Radio ^♦'oruia, of which Comirdttees already have been formed 
in France and /imerica, and which now also will be extended into other 
countries, is not built either on a political or a business basis, but is 
intended only to serve as a means of fostering mutual understanding among 

All of the American broadcasting will b? transmitted over the netv/ork of 



- 3 - . Q-^R'jdt ^' wp^ "^ 

Abendpost , Apr, 19, 1932 • ^^^j>^'' 

the irational Broadcasting Company. ^111 addresses transiiitted by individual 
persons ?;ill be jaade in the English lan/;:ua3e. 

Ill H 

II B 1 C (3) 

V A 1 

^Q^ — ri 


o '-^ 





t\ fi- 

.^-^.. _V 


, -, .-, 

sTU3::i Boci: stcig 

The 3avariun lI^Lnciic.^'.rt ..r^ jocin^tioii is 

mt erect 12; '• 

coll 3Ct,i:~"'. O? 1 

*ouuc ■:. ^7 

ccriGistj of lent'io:.' joods, ^''lic'i ::ro tro . 
3 :;?iu, tV. I'eTore, ^^rcr.' 


r» ri c; 

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o .:i 

Itinf;: '.t t'.o ^ro'^ent ti^ie an 
•"^ '^■-^.■:\i':en * cx-i store. It 

1 :.rr: e'O^ant effect 

1 I • o 

r, as exni;:iL c 



Is:^ Lr-lnt:' 

'>ri r^es 

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as 'rell 

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1 T^ 1 . 


cr.'':^f t industries • 

> ■> -% ^ • -^ • 1 


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t i 

s, portfolio::, o\c. ?Iiere 

... 'ai.:-tin'' "I ::.nd ena::iel, 

- J 

in^ 'Oct the e'diihited 



^er nn iianai- 

Ill H 
II 3 2 g 


Abendpost . Nov. 1, 1931, 




/•v...'. JU^/v 

A3 one of the lecturers of the Town Hall series, the niece of President 
von Hindenburg, Baroness Helene Nostitz von Hindenburg, spoke yesterday 
afternoon at the Palmer House about "her uncle Paul" the G-erman hero, 
a representative of both the old and the new Ger:.iany. 

A large audience v/as -:)resent in the Palmer House ballroom, ^lostly ladies, 
who are regular visitors at the lecture courses. those who could 
be regarded as special guests to the lecture by the Gorman visitor, were 
representatives from the Genrian Consr.late General: Vice-Gonsul Dr. 
Schueller, Vice-Gonsul Schaller, Messrs. Ernest Kinietgen and A. Muhlrxann. 

The lecture emphasized the thought that Hindenburg must be regarded as the 
representative of the old as well as of the new Geiroany, and at the same 
time it aimed to express in an interesting manner the great love and reverence 
the niece feels for her venerable uncle. 


II B 2 g 


Abendpost , Nov. 1, 1931 

WPA ULU rKOJ.:'02/ 

The rr.ilitary education of young Hindenburg v;as mentioned, and at the same tine 
his love for peace v;as stressed* Hindenburg* s eyes - the eyes of a seer - into 
which his niece looked many times, his simplicity, devoid of pose, his daily 
life, which is carried on with military, precision, his belief in a higher pov/er, 
which helps him to maintain his calm in excitinr moments. Little, but character- 
istic remarks, such as the one he made v/hen the elevator once got stuck, to the 
alarm of the others: "It will soon get started again" or a v/ritten reply from 
the seat of war: "I have no time for poems at present, because I am in the war," 
brourht Hindenburg as a human nearer to his listeners • His handv/riting is still 
firm. Ills eyes clear, and his h?.nds the stea'."'^ hand of a hunter; so did his niece 
portray her uncle in his later years ^ The old and the nev; Germany, Hindenburg 
represents them both. For an illustration of the old and the nev/, a number of 
pictiires were shown: Potsdam v/ith its old castles. Sans Souci, and, in contrast, 
pictures of buildings of the latest styles, the lines of v/hich are devoid of all 
romance of former years • 

Ill II 

- b - 

II 3 2 g 


Abendpost , Nov. 1,, 1931. 


And then cane g^ji abundanos or ")ictures of German *.^ouths, v;ho are devoted 
to sports of every -:ind, such as cliribinc, svarjiing, and gyimastics; 
pictures of Ebert's funeral, the c'lristenin^ -^ the "3re:p.en," Hindenburg 
before the people after talcing the oath, among the children, V7ith his 
Bavarians, etc., v/ere also shovm. 


Abendpo t , Aug. 20, 1931. 


The Alliance of the Himigrated Germans proffers the honorary membership 
to Leopold Saltiel, widely knovm Genaan-iUnerican. 

Leopold oaltiel, a Chicago attorney, in a cominunication to the Alliance 
of the Emigrated Germans in Berlin, expressed his deep-felt appreciation 
for the proffered honor in which he indicated that he shall be proud to 

The text of the letter received by Ivlr. Saltiel is as follows: 

The Alliance of the :2migrated Germans 2. 7. 
Berlin C 2, August 7, 1931. 

It is a great privilege indeed to offer to you, esteemed sir, the 

Ill H - 2 - GSRMAM 

Abendpost , Aug. 20, 1931. 

honorary membership in the Alliance of the Emigrated Germans. It 
should be a mark of distinction for your efforts, and the excellent 
success of your attempts, to combine the love and adoration for the 
new homeland \vith that of the old world. You Mr. Saltiel, are the 
recognized defender of the German cause in foreign lands. 

The Alliance would appreciate your honor's reply as to the acceptance 
of the proffered honor. 

We remain very respectfully, 

The Alliance of the Emigrated Gentians E. V. 

The management I. V. 

Dr. H. A* 

Ill E 

II B 2 


d (1) 


< '. / .-1 

' -, I' ■■'' 

l >« ■< 

Atendpost, July 2, 1931, 


The Chicago Germans can be justly proud of the fact that they v;ere penrdtted to 
play a proninent and honorable part in the founding of a ITational Gerrrian-i^nierican 
Central Organization. This is not loose praise but an expression of gratitude 
v/hich the actions, of the leaders of tlie Chicago Ge27mans, earned for them from Llr* 
Adolph Timm, fonaer secretary of the I'ational Union, v:ho, even nov/, is the guid- 
ing spirit of the uhole mover^ient . !;r. Tiixi's letter is addressed to the editor of 
the AbendiK)st , but because it has an interest for all Geriian speaking inhabitants 
of Chicago, v;e feel that it should be published. 

June 5C, 1951* 

To The Editor of the Abendpost , 
Chicago, 111, 

Lly Dear Sir: 

Permit us to thank the* editor and publisher of the Abendpost, for the initiative 

Ill n - 2 - GEPl'Ml /'^"l ,, 


Abendpost , July 2, 1931. 

they took, in the preparation of a neetir^g for the establishment of a 
national orcanization on Oct. 24th 8c 2bth. This v;as a step in the right 

Among the names of those who called the meeting, were Liany vjhom I do not • 
know, but I also read the names of gallant comrades-in-arms of preivar days. 
I was particularly pleased that president Kixmann of the Chicago Citizens 
Union, v;hom 1 met in Pittsburgh, yjas present at the preliminary meeting and 
that everything vjorks harmoniously. 

That the meeting is going to be held in the peasant room of the Eismarck Hotel, 
reminds one of the cheerful hours, vjhich I sjer.t v.'ith old -Ir. LTuller, and my 
dear deceased friend Ferdinand VJalther, after serious deliberations in that lo- 
cality. There and in the Bavarian 5ep>l friend V.'alther was a habitue. 

I am convinced, that the Germans of Chicago will follow the invit* tion to the 
meeting on V.ednesc.ay July 22, in a representative v.ay, but would like to speak 
a f ev; v;ords through youi ne^rspaper to the German youth and tell them, that the 
Abendpost has always interceded in favor of the interests of the German-Americans. 
That this takes place in a quiet, solid ^vay, free from every sensation, is the 
merit of the Gerr.ian speaking press. 

Ill II - 3 - GSKIAN 

/c ^ -i> 

Abendpost, July 2, 19^1. ' -^ .. r i '-- 

I an pleased that Cliicafo li- s been selected r.s the foundation place of the 
National Cr^-anization of Jenuan-Americans, -^nd that I v;as permitted to par- 
ticipate in the upbuilding of saine^ 

Thanking you and the Abendpost for previous and further co-operation, I remain 

Sincerely Yours, 
Adoli)h Timm 



III H QiiUmAN - r.r: 

, Abendpost, Apr. 26, 1931. 

BRjINCH of V* D. A* 

Society for Gercnns Abroad Will Srect Center in United States • 

The society for Germans aldnoad, vhose object is to cultivate closer connections 
between all peoples of German origin, and through the showing of homeland 
films and other methods intends to erect an American branch and center. The 
society edready has more than three million members wherever the German tongue 
is spoken. Not only individuals, but also societies can join. Societies out 
of German territory can exchange with the societies for Germanism abroad, and 
join it like the German-Chilean Bund, the German- Argentinian Bund, The German- 
Empire Association of Lfeuichuria and several others. 

The establishment of a special American branch within the United States, will 
no doubt assist in promoting the Germem-American connections, because the 
society for Germans in foreign lands does not pursue any politics, but soL 
serves the promotion of a cultural unity. 

Ill :g_ 

II H 1 a 


Abendpost > Liar. 16, 1931 • 

The United Men's Chorus and i:\iiTierous German- 
Americans Welcome Ivlme. Schiimann-Heink 

The United lien's Chorus \mder ths leadership of Joseph Keller, its president, 
and Justus Srarrie, its secretary, arranged a hearty -elcome at the Union Station 
in honor of the celebrated German-American singer, /Irs, Schumann Heink, who, 
together v/ith "Roxy^ (Seunuel L. Rothafels), the well-knoxvn conductor, has 
come here to give a concert. 

V/hen I!rs. Schumann appeared before the large crowd that had gathered to meet 
her at the station, the chorus sang ''Harmony Brings us Together." The 
almost seventy-year old singer was over;vh3lmed vath joy and thanked Mr. 
Keller for his thought fulness. The cheering of the crowd, mostly Germans, 
showed to the artist how much she is admired in Chicago. In return she 
declared she was happy to be in old Chicago again. 

- 2 - aSRMAN " 

tJ ... ^ V - 

Abendpost > IJar* 16, 1931 • 

Col. Scott, of the V/orld 'Jar veterans spoke. He said that the veterans 

villi never forget the singer who brought then cheer v/hen they w^re lying sick 

and wounded in hosoitals. 

Ill H Gsm^ 

ITkz c 

Abeadp ost, July 11, 1930. 


Baron Eric Von Bergen, German art expert of the collection of paintings .;: 
owned ty Prince Ludwig Ferdinand of Bavaria, arrived in Chicago yesterday 
and registered at the Palmer House. Ks plans a round trip through America 
for the purpose of inspecting different American Art Galleries. He de- 
clared frankly, that he is surprised at finding the cultural progress, which 
this country has made in the last few years. He also commended highly the 
American painting collections, although he said that in his opinion, the 
collections contained many pictures, not "because of their artistic value, 
hut more for the sake of the name of the artists. 

Baron Von Bergen intends, ahove all, to go to California to make a thorough 
inspection of the Remhrandt portrait which was only recently discovered 
and hitherto unknown. Another picture was painted over the original. This 
portrait was sold "by a Russian peasant women to an art dealer in Los Angeles 

Ill H - 2 - GERMAN 

Abendpost , July 11, 1930. 

for a few dollars. The value of this portrait is estimated at the present 
time at $30,000. 


re — 

Abendpostt May 11, 1928. 


To the many marks of honor so far received hy the Atlantic fliers, must 
be added the gift which was presented to them "by Consul Michael F. Girten, 
president of the Germania Cluh, He gave them the "bronze "busts of Baron 
Hiinefeld and Captain Koehl. 

At the small festivity, the creator of this work of art, the artist Wilhelm 
F. Engelmann, from Berlin, was also present. The fliers accepted the gifts 
with thanks and decided that the "busts should remain at present in the German 
Consul General's keeping. From there they will he sent to Germany and handed 
over to the Mayor of Bremen. As soon as the fliers return to Germany, the 
husts are to he delivered to them. 

Copies of the husts go to the Nattiral Historical Society, and will he placed 
ih the museum. The hust of Major Fitzraaurice was not yet finished, hut 
will he presented to him tomorrow, and then sent to his regiment in Ireland. 

I 3 



Abendpost , June 19 , 1930 


VVm Rene Fui.op Hillor, prominent German author v;ho is traveling through the 
United States for the purpose of study, arrived in Chicago to-day, and reg- 
istered at the Blachstone Hotel* 

Fulcp !.'!iller becarie v;ell hnov.Ti through his boolrs. The Holy Devil Ms rut in 
and the V/omen , Spirit nnd Face of Bolshevisn , and Lenin and Gandhi * 

T.!r, !!iller v/ill sta^r in America for only a short time. He v;ants to return 
in winter and remain for a year for the purpose of stud:rinG ^'anerican con- 
ditions. At present, he is 7;crkir\g on a nev; book dealing v;ith America, 

The author v;ill go from here to Los Angeles and San Francisco then to British 
Columbia and across Canada back to Hev; York. 

•,.F.A ?l 

-i a 

Ill H 

GERMAN •":( 

Abendpost , llay 28, 1930. 

Professor Dr. ffirwin H« Zweifel, the director of the institute for women's 
diseases and obstetrics at the University of Munich, is in Chicago at the 
present time, as a guest of Dr. Irving S. Cutter, superintendent of the 
Passavant Hospital, and Dean of the medical faculty of the Northwestern 
University, and his colleague Dr. Arthxir H. Curtis, who is a member of the 
medical staff of the hospital and at the same time occupies the professorial 
chair for gynecology and obstetrics at the same University. Professor Zweifel 
is filled with enthusiasm for Chicago and its institutions. 



II D 10 


Abendpost > l!ay 14, 1930. 


Julius Rosenwald, Chicago imlti-millionaire and philanthropist, v/as 
honored yesterday at a banquet airranged in the Union League Club by 
the German Consul-General Dr. Hugo F. Simon. During the banquet 
Rosenwald v/as presented v/ith a valuable vase sent to him by Von 
Hindenburg, the president of ''Germany. This gift of honor is a. symbol 
of the :^ratitude of the German people for Rosenwald* s contributions 
to charitable and cultural purposes. 

Visibly moved at the ceremonies, llr. Rosenwald, whose f^ifts amount 
to almost half a million dollars, thanked the Consul-General. 

Together with the vase, *• v/hich was made at the Imperial Porcelain 
factory in Berlin, President Hindenburg sent him a personal letter 
thanking him for his large and noble-minded contributions to German 
war widows, orphans, and prisoners during the V/orld V/ar; also for 
his generous bequests to Geiman children in post war times, and for 

Ill H - 2 - GSm.^AM 

II D 10 

IT Abendpost , I.!ay 14, 1930. 

his contributions to German cultural purposes both in Germany and 
America. The letter ended v/ishing thp warm-hearted humanitarian 
many years of unclouded happiness. 

Present at the banquet were Eugene Buffington, Brigadier-General 

Abel Davis, Dr. Otto L. Schmidt, Ernest Kruetgen, Edward K. Hurley, 

Jacob M. Loet), Ivlartin A. Ryerson, l!elvin A. Traylor, J. J, Otis, 

liLX Adler, Harold Swift, S. 0. Levinson, Dr. W. L. Baum, W. A. v;ieboldt, /J", ^ ^^^ 

Leo F. 7/armser, The Austrian Consul General, Michael F. Girten, and (^, ^f^*'. ^1/ 

Mr# F. Fieseler of the Zeiss works m Jena, Germany. \>^ ^/ 

The German ambassador in .Washington , Baron von Prittwitz und Gaffron, 
sent the philanthropist a telegram, in which he congratulated him 
heartily on the gift of the President. 


IV ~ 

Abendpost , Nov^ 27, 1929 • 

Dr. Oskar von Miller to be Guest of Julius Rosenwald 

Dr. Oskar von Miller will arrive tomorrow morning ,••• • accompanied by his 
daughter, Mrs. Lulu von Bomhard. 

He visited the World-Congress of Engineers in Tokio, and then travelled to 
San Francisco. After leaving Chicago he intends to visit Detroit, Niagara 
Falls, and New York before he returns to Germany • 

Dr. von Miller is an authority on industrial muse\ims, and his ideas on the 
subject were put to a practical test in Munich. This German museum inspired 
Julius Rosenwald to create a similar institution for Chicago. Originally 
known as the Rosenwald Industrial Museum, it is now referred to as a museum 
of science and industry. The Fine iirts Building in Jackson Park is being 
renovated at present, to prepare it for its future mission. 

Waldemar Kaempfert is the director of the museum now being built. 



Ill H 


Abendp03t > Nov. 27, 1929. 

coNTHir^uTioNs TO 'niE scaeusi^ collection 

The following additional donations have been received by the Abendpost ; 
Liedertafel Vorwaerts, ,10.50; Adolph Eiwendt, -^2. 

The treasurer received the following sums: I^rl Schranz, ^1.... Total: s?4G.60. 
Last announcement : vl^f013.55. Total sum: ^15,060.13. 

/Translator's note: As th closing of the collection had been announced 
previously, this represents the final sui.%7 



Abendpost , Nov. 14, 1929 • 



The collections for the Eckener fund were discontinued several days ago. 
^octor Eckener, commander of the Zeppelin dirigible during the first 
aerial trip around the world^ The results justify the pride of all ^Nho 
have been associated with the drive, the donors as well as the collectors 
who dedicated their labors to the cause. The members of the committee 
deserve congratulations. The success exceeded the expectations of many. 
In the main it v/as accomplished by the leaders and their officials who 
displayed such an unselfish interest, giving time and effort in unstinting 
measure . 

The sum in itself, v/hich was attained by such concerted effort, is not as 
important as the large number of contributors. May the results of this 
collection help in furthering the progress of the Zeppelins I 

Ill H - 2 - GBBMAN 

AbendTXWt . Nov, U, 1929. ^'- ' .'■,•:,■ ^rH'w!.-^'^-' 

The Abeaidpost has received protests from the Chicago Eckener Testimonial 
Ptod and the German group of the 1933 Chicago World *8 Flair. Severe 
criticism has been eogpressed about a letter published under our caption 
"Vox Pdpuli," October 2. In this '^oice of the People'* column^ the 
alleged business methods of the treasurers of both organizations were 
spoken of in a derogatory manner* The editorial staff of the Abendpost 
hereby declares that the publishing of this letter wls Involuntary and 
unjustified because the vriter did not divulge his trut? identity. This 
in itself is a transgression on our inflexible^ iron rule. Earn this 
oversight on our part occured, is still an unexplained mystery* The 
management considers it its duty to acknov/ledge this error and to express 
its profound regrets* 

In common with Chicago*8 Germans ^ we share in the enthusiasm brought about 
by the outstanding success of this drive and we thank all who worked for 
this cause* 

Ill H - 3 - GERItiAN 

Abendpost , Nov. 14, 1929 

7" tie -Jn-.l., : •».—'. «.-•,» -J J- 

/Id. accoiint published on November 10, 1929, lists ^^14, 912,53 as the total. 
It is not stated whether this represents the final sum at the close of 
the collection, or drive. 

^n regard to the anonymous letter: The writer declared after contributing 
money to the Hindenburg drive and the German group of the 1933 Chicago 
World's Fair, he was deluged by announcements from various investment houses, 
etc. He further stated that the Germans should not use such honorary offices 
as a means of providing a private income from other sources. Signed: A 
Reader. Translatorjj7 

Ill H 


Abendpost , Oct. 24, 1929. 


The Abendpost received the following donations, up to ten o'clock 
this morning: Louise Rose, sf2#60; Lorenz Meisterheim, ^5;. • . . 
Altogether two dozen names. Total: $39.60. Total receipts yesterday: 
$13,776.43. Grand total, including today's receipts: :;;il3,816.03. 

Ill H 


Abendpost , Oct • 17 > 1929 • 



Th e Abendpost received $65 up to 10 o* clock this morning, for the collection 

in behalf of Eckener, commander of the Graf Zeppelin. The grand total collected 

up to now amounts to $12 , 387. 98* 


III B 2 


Abendpost . Oct. 3, 1929, n,r,, . 

'^ ^■'^- \!i...) FR(.j -•.'■,7;: 


Since yesterday Dr. Gust ay Boess, Mayor of Berlin, is a guest of our 
city. As Dr. Boess informed us that he intends to bring greetings 
from the homeland and Berlin to the many German-speaking clubs ijl 
Chicago, we resolved to welcome him on Friday, October 4, at 7:30 in 
the evening, at the Atlantic Hotel. 

At that time also the German Day Committee, consisting of delegates 
from Chicago's German clubs, will have its general session there. 

All German-speaking associations are therefore requested to appear in 
cbrpore, with their flags, for the evening reception. 

We ask the song divisions particularly to sing a welcoming song at this 

Ill H - 2 - GERMAN 

III B 2 

Abendpost . Oct# 3, 1929* ^^p^ ^i^ ^ ppojj v,,^^ 


Appear in large nmabers and show our guest that we are staunch and 
faithfully united* 

Every German heartily welcome* 

J. W. Kobalter 

President of the German Day Committee* 


I C 

Abendpost , Oct* 1, 1929. 


Up to 10 o'clock this morning the Abendpost , has received $47 in 
contributions for a donation to be made to Dr. Eckener, Commander of 
the Zeppelin that flew the Atlantic. H. Wollenberger , the treasurer, 
has received so far a total of $462, which with the receipts of the 
Abendpost raises the amount to $509. The grand total collected by 
different sources amounts to $11, 705 .IS. 



Abendpost . Apr. 14, 1929 • 

Bust of Aviators Presented to German 


Once again the German-Americans of this great city gathered at the Morrison 
Hotel, last night, to pay tribute to two German fliers, who a year ago made 
the difficult but successful attempt at crbssing the ocean from east to 
west. The celebration was held in honor of the courageous Captain Herman 
Eoehl and Baron Guenther von Huenefeld. The premature death of the latter 
has been keenly felt and deeply mourned by every person of German ancestry^ 
Today, we commemorate the first anniversary of their successful flight and 
landing on Greenley Island. It affords us the opportunity to inscribe with 
gilded letters the accomplishments of these aviators, who have added glory 
to the enterprising spirit of Germany • 

Ill H - 2 - GERMAN 


Abendpost , Apr, 14, 1929 • 

Two bronze busts, representing the aviators, were presented on this occasion 
to Dr. Hugo Simon, Consul General for the German Reich, by the German people 
of Chicago. According to previous arrangements made with Paul Loebe, President 
of the German Parliament, and Ur. Guerard, Minister of Transportation, the 
busts will be permanently installed in the Berlin Exhibition Hall for Transport 
and Aviation* 

Reproductions of the busts, as well as, the dedication slab were placed in 
front of the a^eakera^ platform* The busts, dedicated to the German Republic, 
were the gifts of Chicago's citizens of German extraction, honoring the n^n 
who conquered the air in an east to west flight over the Atlantic Ocean. 

Michael Girten, Consul General for Austria, and toastmaster on this occasion, 
presented Mr. M. E. Meigs, editor of the Herald and Examiner , as first speaker 
of the evening. Mr. Meigs, himself an aviator, recalled the history-making 

Ill H - 3 - GERMAN 


Abendpost , Apr. 14, 1929, 

flight of these distinguished men before entering upon the subject of 
aviation in general* '^Chicago,'' he said, ^must become as great an airway 
center as it Id a railroad center* An adequate airport is our \irgent need* 
Therefore, I call upon you, my fellow-citizens, to use your influence for 
the realization of this necessary project*" 

Mr* Ernest J* Kruetgen, the principal speaker of the evening, then delivered 
the dedication address* In his praise of the Reich Republic, he said: ^'The 
vital strength of Germany is indestructible; her losses brin^ forth renewed 
and inexhaustible vigor!" Then speaking of the honored heroes, he said: 
"We pay tribute today to two outstanding Germans, Koehl and Huenefeld, who 
personify the true German spirit*" V/ith these words, he entrusted the bronze 
busts — just then unveiled — to the care of Dr* Hugo Simon, who was to carry 
out further instructions* "We €u:'e eager," he said, "to make it known to the 
German nation that we too appreciate outstanding accomplishments, and that we 
too are proud of the German Fatherland." 



Ill H - 4 - GERMAN 


Abendpost ^ Apr* 14, 1929. 

The German Consul, in his reply to Mr. Kruetgen's address, pointed to the 
praiseworthy spirit of co-operation evinced by German-Americans toward their 
old homeland. Thus, no animosity or hatred developed toward America during 
the years following the '^orld War. The German people could never forget that 
the foundation of the new German-American friendship was directly attributable 
to the efforts of the German-Americans • 

Mr. Ludwig Plate, general agent for the North-German Lloyd Line and a close 
friend of the deceased Baron von Huenefeld, lifted his voice in praise of the 
ardent patriot who devoted his life to the service of his country. Fearless, 
faithful, and religious was our hero; his meiaory will be perpetuated among 
German people everywhere • 




/Vbendpost^ Feb. 10, 1929. 


The rooins of the Chicago agency of the North German Lloyd at Randolph and LaSalle 
Streets have an exceptionally festive appearance in honor of a number of chosen 
guests, v/ell known admirers of German art. They c ime to view a selection of 25 oil 
paintings by renowned GermFin artists, v/hich Ludwig Plate, the Director of the North 
German Lloyd has had sent over to give Chicigo admirers of art an opportunity to 
see samples of the work of prominent German artists. This was a splendid idea and 
we hope it meets with great success. 

It is no secret that the local art dealers, like those throughout this country, are 
controlled by the French. Probably not because the French paintings are preferred 
by the Americans, but for the reason, that German artists and art dealers still 
lack business acumen in placing pictures on the market in the right manner, and in 
this v/ay acquaint the buying public vvith their work. Ludwig Platens ideas were 
converted into action v/hich for this reason alone is joyfully welcomed. 

The paintings which the art gallery of Bremen placed at the disposal of the Lloyd 
agency reveal a high skill by the artists. The paintings left a thoroughly good 


AbendpoBt y Feb. 10, 1929 • ^ T 7 aW 

^- ' , ' 

• *  

impression. A desire to buy becaiae visible, and raany a picture nay find its 
buyer in Chicago. 

The paintings arrived January 24 in Nevr York on the steamer "Columbus" and 
were Lmraediately shipped to Chicago. They are exhibited for the tiins being 
at the Lloyd \gency and can be inspected by everyone free of charge. To 
further the cause of German art, the local Lloyd agency gave a good example 
and bought the splendid 7 x 12 foot painting by Prof. Hans Ueyerkassel which 
represents the City Hall of Bremen. 

A local art dealer already declared his willingness to dispose of these 



Abendpost . June 19, 1928. WF;, (III.) FROJ.3C275 


Dr. Vilhelm Cuno^ director-general of the Hainburg-*Amerlcan Line, and 
former chancellor of the German Empire » was welcomed yesterday evening 
at the Union Station, on his arrival here, en route to Minneapolis where 
he will attend the International Rotary Convention today* Dr* Cuno 
is the president of the Rotary Club in Hamburg**** 

To a representative of the Abendpost , Dr. Cuno spoke only about the 
Hamburg-American Line, which has lately increased the number of its 
vessels by taking over different companies, and building new vessels* 
The latest ship of the line, the St* Louis, will make its first trip 
to the United States on December 8th* The date for the first trip 
of the sister ship of the St* Louis, the Milwaukee, is as yet uncer* 

in H - 2 - 


AbtndpQgt a Junt 19t 1928. VVPA (iLL) PROi, 30276 

Hm did not want to expross himself about tho plans of the big ship 
owners in regard to aTiation. The whole thing has not passed the 
experimental stage^ and therefore it is not opportune to talk about 
it« Otherwise it ean be said of Oermanyt that conditions are getting 
better therOf although oomplete recovery is still tar off* The German 
Consul generaly Dr* Hugo F* Simon^ arranged a short round trip through 
Chicago^ after which Dr. Cuno was a guest at a tea in Dr. Simon^B lMtte% 

""^III H 


I C 

Abendpost, June 13, 1928. ^^p^^ ^^ x pj^Q] 

G3RI-:AN officials guests of 3ANIT.IRY C012aIS3ICN. 

A number of prominent Germ:xn engineers and scientists arrived yesterday on 
an inspection journey from Indianapolis, and registered at the Bismarck Hotels 
The gentlemen, all of vAiom occupy high positions in Germany* s sanitary smd 
drainage administrations, have as their objective the study of sanitary aiid 
drainage facilities in America. 

During a trip through the plants of the Chicago Sanitary district, they 
decided to visit also the Caluiret district* Tomorrow, the Sanitary District, 
under its president, T. J. Cro.we, v/ill give a luncheon at the Bismarck Hotel 
in honor of the guests, to which representatives of the Chicago German element 
have been invited. 

Following are the names of the prominent guests: Privy Counselor Dr. Max 
Beninde, President of the Prussian Board of Health, Berlin, and his co-worker. 
Professor Bernhard Burger; Dr. Ing. h. c. Heinrich Helbing, Essen, Dr. Ing. 
L'ix Pruss Sssen, Fritz Langbein, director of canals, Berlin; Karl Fehring 
Iv'oers of Rhine, Fritz Llieder Leipsic, Dr. ./illy Hilland Bitterfeld, and Otto 
Mohr from the canalization board in V/iesbaden. 

'^ ri 'j 

^ JII H 
I C 

- 2 - 

Abendpost , June 13, 1928 


WPA (IILJ rKUi.ciU^y^ 

The delegation today visited the west side plants of the sanitary district, 
and the big factory of the Corn -Products Co. in .Argo, Illinois, where they 
were luncheon guests of the directors. Privy counselor Jr. Beninde said after 
inspecting the large north side plant, which had started to work last August: 
*^his is without doubt the most modern plant of the world, and the largest one 
I have ever seen. I must congratulate Chicago upon its sanitary facilities.** 

Ill H 


I C ^-^"^^ 

Abendpo stt Lay 11, 1928. ^^ w 



To the majiy marks of honor so far received by the Atlantic fliers must be 
added the gift which was presented to them by Consul Michael F. Girt en, 
president of the Germania Club. He gave to them the bronze busts of Baron 
Hunefeld and Captain Koehl, 

At the small festivity, the creator of this work of art, the artist ;7ilhelin 
F. Engelmann from Berlin was also present. The fliers accepted the gifts 
with thanks and decided that the busts should remain at present in the German 
Consul General's keeping. From there they will be sent to Germany and hsmded 
over to the I^yor of Bremen. As soon as the fliers return to Germany, the 
busts are to be delivered to them. 

Copies of the busts go to the Nfettural Historical Society, and will be 
placed in the museum. The bust of Llajor Fitzmaurice was not yet finished, 
but will be presented to him tomorrow, and then sent to his regiment in 
Ireland • 



II B 2;^ e 

V A 1 
IT D 1 

II 3 3 Abendpost, l^-ay 11, 1928. 



The hearts of a city of millions welcome the brave conquerors of the Atlantic 
vAo today are in our midst as the guests of Chicago^ If there were thousands 
to greet the flyers yesterday there will be tens of thousands today to ac- 
claim them on their tour through the city, and at the stadium in Grant Park* 

Baron von Hunefeld, Captain Koehl and Llajor Fitznaurice are at last guests 
of Chicago. It has required many efforts to bring the flyers to the city* 
Everybody wants to see them, the daring ocean flyers, every one would like 
to congratulate them, every one would like to shake their hands. 

Particularly happy is the German element over their visit; thousands upon 
thousands of German descent v/ill offer their greetings to the flyers, when 
they lay a wreath at the foot of the Goethe monizment. In the evening they 
will go to the Lincoln Turner Hall and the North Side Turner Hall. 

Shortly before 1 o'clock the flyers will ride to the South Shore Country 
Club, where a luncheon v;ill be given in their honor by the Llayor of Chicago. 

t «"^ I J 

- 2 - 

Abendpost , May 11, 1928. 


i^ nic^ 


After lunch a tour through the city is proposed v/hich will take the flyers 
through the parks of the South and M-est sides to the Olson Rug Company, 
Diversey and Crawford Avenue* Here the flyers will dedicate the powerful 
beacon which is meant as a guide to aeroplane s» The light will receive the 
official name of ••Bremenlight*'* The beacon i*iich was furnished by 'JTalter 
E. Olson, president of the firm, carries a searchlight of a million candle- 
power • 

The tour will be continued with a stop at the Goethe monument in Lincoln 
Park where a wreath will be laid. In the evening at 9 o'clock the flyers will 
go to the Lincoln Turner Iiall# Here the chorus of the United Men's Chorus 
will greet them with the song ''Harmony*'* 

Mr. C» F. Pegenan will receive and introduce them. All the events in the 
Lincoln Turner Hall, including the flyers' speeches, will be broadcast from 
Station V/. I. B. 0. on the Abendpost radio hour. The Turners will also be 
preaent at the reception. Leopold Saltiel, Adolph Gill and Bruno Knecht are 
members of the reception committee. 

In the North Side Turner Hall, where the Swabian Society, the Plattdeutsche 
Guilds, the German-American Citizens Union, the Mutual Friendly Society, the 

^ - 3 - . GERMAN 

\ Abendpost , May 11, 1928. 

War Veterans, and the United Austro -Hungarian societies will await the fly- 
ers^ HJilliam Jauss, honorarj^ president of the Swabian Society will give the 
speech of welcorae and present the flyers. 



Ill H 


Abendpost , Dec* 23, 1927 • 


Professor Dr» Julius Goebel, the distinguished ter^cher of Grermanic 
philology at the University of Illinois, was appointed honorary 
trustee of the Eucken foundation in Jena, Germany, in recognition 
for his promotion of the spiritual life in America and for his 
defense of German idealism in the new world. 

Professor Goebel completed his 70th birthday just recently and celebrated 
at the same time his 18th anniversary as professor at the University of 

/ r 




Ill H - 2 - GEHMAN 

Abendpost > Dec* 23, 1927  

The Eucken foundation was created shortly after the death of the 
philosopher, Rudolph Eucken of Jena, by the Eucken Bund, the organizer 
of v/hich Rudolph Eucken had been* The purpose of the Bund v/as the 
promotion of the Eucken philosophy, and also the collection of 
documents which would help to preserve the memory of the venerable 
philosopher and spiritual reformer • 

Ill H 


Abendpost ^ Dec. 14, 1927. W.-'a ^iLW P^iOJ. 302/0 


The German Consul-General of Chicago, Dr. Hugo F. Simon, last night arranged 
a banquet at his home, 443 Barry Avenue, in honor of Dr. Christian Schreiber, 
Bishop of Meissen, Germany. 

Among others the following participated at the banquet: tha Austrian Consul- 
General, Michael Cirtenj Monsignore F. A. Rerape, the Bishop's host during 
his stay in Chicago; Ludwig Plate, the local representative of the North-German 
Lloydj the German Vice-Consul, Dr. Hans Kroll, and Dr. Otto L. Schmidt, a 
member of the school board. 

Dr. Schreiber intends to take a trip through the United States for the bene- 
fit of Germaji welfare institutions. He will leave for Milwaukee tonight, and 
will soon return to Germany on the Lloyd steamer '^Berlin.** 

Ill K 

AbendDOst, Nov. 23, 1927. , .>s. 


Dr. Gertrude Ferber arrived here this morning froir. ^'ashington, D. C. and 
registered at Hotel Bismarck. Liss Ferber is the business manager of the 

Carl ochurz oociet^/' of Berlin, Germany, which was founded by L.r. 
Erkelenz, a member of the German parliai.ient • 

Its purpose is to create a better understanding betv/een the people of the 
united otates and those of Germany. 

Iv.iss Ferber carae to Araerica to become acquainted v;ith this country"" and its 
people, ^he has already visited Hew York, Philadelphia and .vashington and 
intends to visit Detroit and Cleveland. She will return to Germany in 

Dr. Ferber came as a guest of the Hamburg -.^'vmerica Line and v/ill return as 
a guest of the I.orth German Lloyd. 

Ill K - 2 - GSRI'.jIIn[ 

•Questioned about the purpose of her trip, Liss I'erber said: "In my ciipacity 
as business manarer of the Carl ^churz oociety, 1 had an opportunity to be- 
come acquainted with iimericans who stayed in Germany last surrimer and who 
v/ere chests of this society. 

"7/ith some of them I became ^/ell acquainted and I shall pay them now a visit; 
at the same time I am ea^^er to study the customs of this country. L.y visit 
is strictly private and has not the purpose to collect money for the Carl 
Schurz Society/' 


This society c^yos help and advice to foreigners v/ho are sojourning in 

Amonc the /unericans v/ho - according to l..iss irerber - v;ere £uests of the 
society last summer were Layer '.'Valker of New York, Senator IVagner, Richard 
Reinhardt of Kansas, the editors of numerous i'imerican newspapers, and other 
TDersonalities well known in America. 



J Us 



III B 2  - . o't 

II A 2 Abendoost, Sep. 13, 1927. 17, t?..v V>| 



The young Count Gottfried von Bismarck received a he .rty welcome, when he 
registered yesterday at the Bismarck Hotel, which is nazned in honor of his 
grandfather, the Iron Chancellor. The vice-president of the Steuben Club, 
'/alter T7. L. Meyer, Lfetster-in Chancery of the Circuit court, and Thomas 
Augerstein, treasurer of the Steuben Club, paid their respects to the count. 

Count Bismarck, who is in America to study agrarian conditions, will remain 
in Chicago until Friday. Kr. Srnil Sitel, proprietor of the Bismarck Hotel, 
asked him to consider himself a guest of honor of the house. ^*e attended a 
luncheon to which Dr. Simon, the German general consul, vice-consul Dr. 
Hans Kroll, Ludwig Plate, director of the North German-Lloyd and Paul iiueller, 
publisher of the Abendpo st^were also invited. 

Count Bismarck manages the extensive family estates of the Bismarck family 
in Reinfeld, Pomerania, Germany. He came to America because of his special 
interest in the manufacture of agricultural machinery and implements. 

Ill H 

II B 2 e 
I c 



o '" •••• a; 



Abendpost , Sept. 11, 1927. '^ ' 'g/ 

Berlin ^ends Delegates and Materials to Exhibition. 

Highly interesting materials v;ere sent from Berlin to the Travel Exhibition, 
which v/ill be held at the Stevens Hotel. 

Since over 350,000 Americans traveled abroad lest year to study in foreign 
countries^ we should expect that this exhibition will be a splendid success. 

In the first place, the exhibition v;ill present the development of travel 
methods from the most primitive beginnings up to the modern times. It will 
shov; how Indians traveled on snov;-shoes and on horses; how the pioneers used 
covered wagons and how mail was delivered in early times. It will shov/ the 
way caravans travel over the desert; still used today by the Japanese; the 
modem steamer developing from a canoe, crudely fashioned by hollowing out 
a tree trunk cjid the development of airplanes. 

Furthermore^ films v;ill present the romance of traveling and the wonders of 
far away countries. Greenland and Italy, Belgiiara, Norvmy, Sweden, Germany, 
Denmark, Japan, the United States and other countries of the globe will be 
presented in vrord and pictures. 

[  , 




^end£02t, Aug. 31. 1927. m (!IL) FR0J.SC.7j 


The manifold impressions, which were gained yesterday by the 125 German 
architects and engineers on their numerous inspections, have not failed 
to awaken the admiration of the German guests. Tomorrow they will 
inspect the Stockyards, the Main Post Office, Edison Commonwealth 
Electric Company and the People's Gas Light and Coke Company* 

After a luncheon at the Bismarck Hotel three other groups will inspect 
the laboratory of the Building Safety Gomraission, the Municipal Pier, 
as well as the City Plans, according to irtiich the beautiful lake front 
of Chicago will be built. 

Tonight a banquet will be given at the Bismarck Hotel to which also 
Mayor Thompson and other representatives of the city have been invited. 


m^ - 2 - G5RMAM 

*Snd£ojt, Aug. 31. 1927. m Oil) ?mUB?;, 

Consul Praises America* 

•America is the first country irtiich has acknowledged the necessity of 
rebuilding its cities. It not only builds houses, it builds cities. 
Office and business sections are separated from factory sections, 
garden and representative sections become more and more pronounced^ 
From this, Germany could and should learn, Germany of today needs, more 
than ever, city builders instead of architects •*• 

These striking words, spoken by the German Consul General of Chicago, 
Dr. Simon, at the Chinese dinner at the Realto Gardens yesterday, which 
the Celotex Company had arranged, were approved by all the German 
experts. Also the American architect, Irving K. Pond, was present. 

Ill H 

- 3 - 


Abendpost, Aug. 31 > 1927 

WPA {!LUPRCi,302/ 

He is known as an authority on German architecture* He was elected 
an honorary meoiber of the German architects* union* 

He expressed his approval of German architecture and laid stress upon 
the fact that a foreign language is no barrier to the understanding 
of another nation because its spirit is revealed by its edifices • 


I L 

G3RMAN V^,  ^ 
Abendpost t Aug. 22, 1927 • 


For about a week, a study commission of American farmers has now been In 
Germany* The commission Is studying the highly developed German agri- 
cultural cooperative society system and also to the mcpiagement of 
exports of agricultural products. 

During its sojourn in Germamy thus far, the commission has inspected 
experimental farms • It was somewhat surprising to the American com- 
mission to lestm that no control whatsoever is exercised upon prices, 
by the government. 

The Germans submitted to the commission an exhaustive report on German 
export practices, which, when applied to American conditions, undoubtedly 
would reduce the competition of Argentina and Australian wheat. 

Ill H - 2 • GERMAN 

Abeadpost t Aug» 22, 1927« 

As an example, the present existing conditions were pointed out to the 
Americana • While Germany in general has no export surplus of its grain 
harvest, just the opposite is the case at present. Right now, rye is 
exported from Germany to the Scandinavian countries and to France* 
For each quantity of exportation a receipt is issued by the German 
custom officials, so that in case of a bad harvest, the same quantity of 
rye can be imported* 

The Germfiins assume that the Americans will adopt a similar plan* The 
American farmers, *o have so far inspected Germany's most productive 
territory in the vicinity of Halle and the Harz region, are at the present 
time, in Frankfourt on the Uain* 

Ill H 
III B 2 

SERMAN "'{"V^ •■/ 

itbendpost ^ June 13f 1927* 

German Club with 25 menbers start their trip on Tednesday^ The European 
Journey of the Geroan Club starts next Wednesday , when the traveling party 
consisting of 25 ladies and gentlemen will leaive for Washington on the 
Capitfld Limited of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroads* Before they board the 
S* S* Uunohen of the North German Lloydf the members of the party will be 
guests of the German ambassador Baron V# Ualtsahn at a luncheon* The ocean 
trip will start Friday* The return to Chicago will be made on August 20th* 
The members are prominent German^Americans of Chicago* 

The party will meet early in July in Rothenburg, Germany* ***The American 
Flag which the German Club presented to Major Liehermann last year, will 
be hoisted* This flag will edways be displayed when American guests sojourn 
in Rothenburg* 


II B 1 C (3) 

III B 2 Abend£OSt, July 31, 1927. 


Suggestions for the arrangement of a Hlndenburg celebration on the occasion 
of the 80th birthday anniversary of the president of the German Republic, 
Field Marshall Paul von Hindenburg, has fallen upon fertile soil. A 
number of representatives of the great German speaking organizations cuid 
societies of our city, met at the office of the Abendpos t, to undertake 
preparatory steps for a celebration. 

Ihe conviction prevailed in general that, the entire German-speaking 
element of Chicago, will participate enthusiastic€dly. It was decided, 
to call a meeting for the purpose of forming a committee to arrange a 
great and imposing festival, worthy of this great man and of the 
German population of Chicago. 

1!he undersigned therefore, request the representatives of German societies, 
lodges and church synods, as well as other citizens of German descent, 
who are interested in t&is celebration, to come Tuesday, August 2nd, to 
the Hotel Atlantic. 


Ill H 


AbendEost, June 11, 1927- WPA (ILL) PRO; JG.;5 



Dr* Philipp Vieland, member of the German parliament and proprietor of a 
large brass factory, is visiting the United States to inspect and study 
American manufacturing plants* After his arrival yesterday, he registered 
at the Bismarck Hotel, and then in the course of the day he inspected the 
steel works in Gary, Indiana* 

Dr* Wieland arrived from Butte, Mont*, where he had inspected the big 
copper and zinc mines of Anaconda* 

The German manufacturer, on his visit to Washington wets welcomed by 
President Coolidge and General Lord; he expressed his warm gratitude and 

Ill H - 2 - GERUAH 

Abendport, June 11, W27. y^PA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 

satisfaction for the hearty reception in this country* He believes that 
the New York-Berlin flight accomplished by Chamberlain and Levine will 
be an important factor in the formation of new connections between America 
and Germany • Dr« fieland spoke about the immense proportions of American 
industry and about the demensions of the plants, and the organization of 
American industrieil methods • 

He intends to remain in Chicago for quite a while and will start his 
return Journey to Germany July 6th* 

Ill H 


Abendpost. Lay 22, 1927. .n p, ?ROi. 30Z7S 

Vffi.AND iSUROPii:. 

The United States have few friends in this world • It is especially aston- 
ishing that particularly those jSuropean world powers who v/ere saved from 
severe defeat through the entrance of our country into the war, show no 
gratitude what soever • In England we enjoy the greatest unpopularity, in 
France we are literally hated. 

This actually appeared in a crass manner on the occasion of the unsuccessful 
attempt of two French fliers to cross the Atlantic Ocean in an aeroplane. 
At the time of this incident, the French press and the Paris population per- 
mitted themselves to be carried away to use boundless absurd accusations, 
meaning, that America was responsible for the failure of these fliers. 

Some time ago, a correspondent of an American news agency - who apparently 
is inclined to thoroughness - had begun a systematical investigation of the 
frame of mind of the different European nations in relation to the United 
States. The inquiry did not prove anything new. In England and Italy a 

- 2 - ggHMAN 

Abendpo9t> May 22, 1927. .^'^'^^^ ('^L.) PRO] 30276 

strong antipathsTt izi France hatred, in Germany kind feelings* These facts are 
well-known throug^ut the country; even the press does not deny it* 

But in spite of it, maxsy newspapers make the greatest efforts to distort the 
facts in some respect* This occurs not so often in the editorials of newspapers» 
as in the political caricatures and in those short editorial phrases of a small 
▼est pocket format of a newspaper, ibich is known in the German press as the 
Mpeaked end of a sausage." 

There is always talk ahout the hatred and enmity of Burope towards the United 
States* Xurope appears like a beggar, irtio comes to America with a hat in his 
hand to obtain loans* Europe is armed to its teeth, spends horrible sums on 
war preparations and refuses to repay Uocle Sam the money borrowed* Xurope, 
indignant over imaginary injustices, and under radlced mistakiog of facts, 
holds the United States responsible for all its calamity* 

It therefore must be emphasized once more that such statements are wrong, and 
stand in violent opposition to actual facts* In this case, the term "Surope" 
indicates a generalization which is absolutely inadmissible. It is not Surope 
which shows its hostility towards the United States* Sometimes it is England, 
sometimes Italy, mostly France* 

• 3 - GERIIW 

Abendpost, Liay 22, 1927. ^vpa (fi^f_.) PROJ. 30275 

That such an attitude of the former allies a^vakes strong indignation in 
America is understandable. They should consider, though, that GernHny makes 
a praiseworthy exception, because thp.t country always displays toward the 
United States a just and friendly attitude. Therefore the occasional utter- 
ances of hatred of a snail group of irresponsible nationalistic fanatics 
cannot change this sentiment* 

Ill H 
I A 3 
I C Abendpostt IJay 20, 1927. 




■'i '^' ",' , 


The assertion that some day Chicago would be chosen as a university city 
by German students would have been ridiculed several years ago* First of 
ally tlie distemce from Germany is too great and secondly the expense of 
studying abroad is prohibitive to most German students* 

But meanwhile times have changed; the political situation and the relations 
between the countries make it desirable and possible for American students 
to go to Germemy and vice versa^ German students can come to America to 
study at American univers^ities* It is significant that the number of German 
students studying at American universities is steadily increasing from year 
to year. 

Very few know that at the present tiiSB, about 35 German students are in 
Chicago I the majority of whom €ure studying at* the University of Chicago* The 
so-called ••Working Students in America** form a special group; they are work- 
ing in American industrial plants for two years and then they return to 

Ill H - 2 - gERMAN 

I A 3 

I C Abend£08t, May 20, 1927. ^p,, (]i! ) PR^iJO./b 

A group of other students is sent to America to study by the courtesy of 
the Rockefeller Foundation and the American German Student Exchange. .Among 
the aerxran students of Chicago there are also girl students. These students 
have now formed the ^Group of German Students'* of Chicago which will appear 
for the first time in public at a banquet at the Bismarck Hotel at which it 
is hoped to e stablish connections with those American circles and personal* 
ities that are interested in Gennany. It is expected that the attendance 
of German-Americans will be very large. 

Among the speakers will be the German Consul-General, Dr* H. F. Simon, vdio 
has promised to come, and also the president of the German Club, Michael F. 
Girten. Professor Schutze of the German department at the University of 
Chicago and Professor G. B. Smith of the Divinity School of the University 
of Chicago, also will speak. 

Dr« Otto Brok, \iho ceune to America at the request of the Rockefeller Founda- 
tion, will speak in the name of the '^Group of German Students in Chicago.** 

Ill H 

Aben dpost , Kav 10, 1927. 

WFA(iLUPBOJ. 30275 


Representative Of The Leipzig 7air Corijaittee 
ICxpresses Kis Sat is fa c^. ion About The Trip. 

The eighteen represeiTtativcs of 'he third A.Msrican obs8-^vation tour, arran; ed 
by the In': ^r national Traffic Office of the Leipzig I^air Coirjiittee, arriv-jd 
this rorninr fror: Cleveland and rer;i tared r.t the lisi-iarck Hotel. T'':ev ^vill 
remain in Chicago until Thursd?3y, '}.iul then v;ill cent in e their joirrr.ejr to St. 

')urinf|; their visit in C}iic'i o th-?y •;ill inspect besides the stoclc/ards, the 

great manufacturing;; plant i of the International rarvester 'orks, the firm of 

Sears, Roebuck r- Cornpany, the Pullman v/orks as '.'/ell an the 'Tarohoases of 
Tar shall Tie Id C: Gomoany. 

Consul ■'r. Arnold ""^.raucr, as assistant (lirectcr of the Loiy.zig Fair admin- 
istration, is the leader of the journey. Dr. Brauer e::pressed his satisfaction 
aboirt the trip so far» The observation xour -las for its purpose the study 
of Araerican irkanufacturinr and s .les methods. 

- 2 - 

Abend post , Tny 10, 1927. 


^r- I 

W'PA (ilL.) PKUi. og 

The participants of the p ouvnoy arrived April 26, in ITev; York and will start 
their return tr'p Hay 23, n the North German Lloyd st3a:::er'^. 3. Stuttgart**. 
Up zo nov; thoy '"ave visited ^'ov; York, Albany/, Buffalo, Detroit, -ind Cleveland. 
They ;ill proceed from Chicago to 3t. Louis, Pittsbu:-^-'!, ".Tashington, D. C. , 
Philadelu' ia and Atlantic City. 



Ab9nd£08t, Apr. 20, 1927. yjPA (ILL.) i^ROJ. 30275 


Under the leadership of the German manufacturer^ !&*• Warnecke, a number of 
German paper manufacturers arrived in Chicago today , and stopped at the Bis** 
marck Hotel* The German traveling party^idiich consisted of seven people^ 
came from Detroit and intends to remain in Chicago until Sunday. 

The purpose of the journey is the study of the American paper industry^ vhich 
is regarded^ owing to its sensible mEmagement, as the leader of the industry. 
Today a number of paper factories have already been inspected* The visitors 
expressed their appreciation of Jtanerica* 

Ill H 
II B 2 f 


Abendpost, Apr. 14, 1927. ^^^ (ilL) PHOJ. 30Z7& 


Professor Hans F. E. Nauznann, teacher of philology at the University of Frank- 
furt-on-the-Main, has received an invitation from the University of Chicago 
to give a number of lectures on German philology next October. Prof. Nau- 
mann, considered an authority in philology, was born in 1886 in Gorlitz, 
Germany. After having graduated, he visited several universities and was 
appointed in 1913 as professor at the University of Strassburg. 

He participated in the war as an officer and later became editor of the war- 
time newspaper, Tha Guard In The East . After the war, he was offered a pro- 
fessorship at the University of Frankfurt. His specialties are German and 
the Nordic languages, and literature, as well as folk-lore and antiquity. 

Ill H 


Abendport^ Mar. 27, 1927. V«PA OtU rt^-- ^^^^^ 


Mr. Giistave Moshak, a member of the German Foreign Institute, has requested 
the Ibendpost to publish the following report so that every German-American 
may become better acquainted with the institute and give it whole-4iearted 
support. • 

Ten years ago, on the lOth of January, the German Foreign Institute at Stutt- 
gart, Germany, started its praiseworthy activity. Its aim at that time was 
to foster the closest relationship possible between Germans and German-Ameri- 
cans, in regard to culture cuid economics, regardless of all such distinctions 
as citizenship, party politics and faith. 

Xf the institute today, after 10 years of activity, can be satisfied with the 
results obtained, this is largely due to the active support of innumerable 
Germans living abroad in all parts of the world. It also is a special 
pleasure to note that considerable support of the institute came from German 
fellow countrymen in the United States, a count ry, which next to Germany, con- 
tains the greatest number of Germans in the world. 

Ill H . - 2 - GERMAN 

JbendEOst, Mar. 27, 1927. ^PA (ilL) ''^^^^^-^^^^^ 

But It is regrettable, that in spite of the great number of Gerzoans in the 
United States, comparatively few are actively connected with the institute 
and support its work« It is a well known fact, based on many observations, 
that the reason for this is not a lack of understanding of the activities of 
the Foreign Institute, but ignorance of its problems. Therefore it would be 
well if all the Germans living abroad would Join the organization and thereby 
become better acquainted with the same* 

All the Germans abroad are requested to send pictures, newspapers, and perio- 
dicals giving information regarding the activities of Germans in the Ibiited 
States* In return, the German element can be assured that all the material 
which is submitted to the institute, will be used. 

As proof we give the following informations In 1926 the department of pictures 
of the German Foreign Institute lent 30,000 pictures, free of charge; and in 
the same year it furnished information to 35,000 inquirers, also free of charge* 

It is also worth mentioning that the 'Tress Correspondence,** published 
weekly by the institute,idiich contains reports about the life of Germans liv- 
ing abroad is distributed, also free of charge, to 24,000 newspapers at home 
and abroad* • • • 




II A 3 b 




• / 

Abend post t Mar* 27, 1927. 


At a time when Beethoven* s name is heard in all the Gerraan circles, at a 
time when in the idiole world the lOOth anniversary of this great German 
master is solemnly celebrated, it is a pleasant surprise to learn that recog- 
nition is not denied to our living musicians. 

Two Chicago Germans, 'ffilliam Boeppler, the German chorus director, and William 
Mittelschulte, the master of the organ, have received recognition from Ger- 
many, which is indeed very gratifying. In recognition of his activity in the 
interest of German singing in America, William Boeppler, chorus director, has 
been appointed a member of the Beethoven House Society of Bonn, on the Rhine, 

The representative of this society. Attorney Otto Juergens, presented the 
honorary degree to Mr. Boeppler, signed by Professor Schmidt of the Univer- 
sity of Bonn, president of the society. The certificate is artistically 
designed, with a picture of the great master, his birthplace, and the room 
in which he was born. 

- 2 - GERMA] 

Abend£Ost, L!ar. 27, 1927. ^/""^roy 

The prominent organist, 7/illiam Middelschulte, is considered an authority 
on Johann Sebastian Bach. He also has good reason to be proud of the hon- 
ors conferred upon him* He received a call to Berlin from the Prussian 
ministry of art, science and national education, to give a course in organ 
music and to lecture on the works of Bach* 

lir. liiddelschulte has accepted the offer and during the months of April and 
Uay will be at the State Academy of Church and School Music of Berlin - 
Chariot tenburgy Germany* Besides that, the organist will give concerts in 
Berlin, Dresden, Breslau, Dortmxind, Zurich, Bern and Basel. The latter 
three cities are in Switzerland. 

Ill H 


Abendpost , Mar. 25, 1927. 


The German element of Chicago is making preparations for the reception of 
the represenbative of the German Republic in America, the German ambassador. 
Baron Ago von Uialtzahn. The ambassador, Baron von Maltzahn, irtio at the 
present time is traveling through the United States, will arrive in Chicago 
for a three day visit on April 28th, On the day of his arrival, a banquet 
at the Bismarck Hotel will be given in his honor, to Tihich invitations will be 
issued in the next few days. 

On the same day a general reception is planned, which probably will be held 
at the North Side Turner Hall, to give all those who were unable to attend 
the banquet an opportunity to see and welcome the German ambassador. 

Ill H 

II B 1 c (3) 

I A 1 d Abendpoert^ Mar. 24, 1927. 




The Grerman students iriio, on the basis of the Germazi^Asierican Students 
Exchange arrangement, are studying at American universities, have arranged 
a great festival from April 1st to April 5th, iriiich will be called **The 
Festival of German Youth in America*** It will be sponsored by the German-* 
American Students* committee and the Institute of International Education* 

The festiv€tl includes a concert at the Aeolian hall, in which the prominent 
Sigrid Onegin will pcurticipate* There will also be a banquet at Interna^ 
tional House, where Jacob Wassermann, Camilla von Klenze and others will 
speak* A festival on board the S. S* Munich, i^ich will be a brilliant 
social affair, will close the celebration* 

In their invitation, the German students in America refer to the help which 
German students have found in America since the war* The German Student 
Exchange Society was able to send German students to America for the study 
of special sciences* Institutions like the Rockefeller and the Carnegie 
Foundations, opened their doors to the German students irtio were studying 


- 2 - 

Abendpost. Mar. 24, 1927, 

international problems* 

Ill H 


Abendpoat t Jan. 18, 1927* ftpA ^LL; i iVuJ.oUZ/i 


lOtrl Schurz Society Seeking Better Understanding 
Between Geroany And America* 

To overcome war hatreds, to prepare a way for a better understanding between 
Germany and German-Americans, to give the two nations opportunities to become 
better acquainted and to value each other more, «- to fulfill these aims the 
Karl ^churz Society was founded. 

The name is in remenibrance of this man of vhom Bismarck said: ''As a German I 
am proud of Karl Schurz, a man who fills the highest positions in the United 
States, and yet has never forgotten his homeland*'* This society is composed 
of such men as Robert Bosch, Anton Erkelanz, and Dr. Mittelman. 

Citizens of the United States nho are to visit Germany will receive helpful 
advice. Germany in its turn is going to send prominent speakers to America 
for nhom requests had been made. However, the society refuses to accept any 
payment for its services, because it is not a business concern, and does not 
intend to become one. Its work shall be devoted entirely to the promotion of 
better ianderstandiog between the two nations* 




Abendpost, Nov. 14, 1926. ift'pA (ILL) PROJ J027J 


An interesting report about the development of German navigation in general, 
and of the North German Lloyd in particular, was given by its president. 
Dr. Phil Heineken, to a representative of the Sonntagspost , who called 
on him at the offices of the Lloyd. Llr. Heineken, for a number of years 
general manager of the compsmy, has been for about a year, president of 
this great German navigation line. At first glance it can be seen, that 
he is one of the old Hauseatic men. He arrived in New York for a short 
visit on October 22nd, with the steamer "Columbus,** and stopped last 
week in Chicago, where he was introduced to a number of prominent citizens 
by Mr. Ludwig Plate, manager of the general agency of the Lloyd, in 
Chicago. He regretted very much, that he was unable to meet Mayor Dever, 
personally, while in our city. 




Ab end post , Nov, 14, 1926. vfjp/^. /ILL) PRf^-*-^^'^^^ 


Mr. Heineken gave the representative of the Sonntagspost an outline of 
German navigation of today, and stated, that the prospects for next year 
were not unfavorable. 

••The North German Lloyd," he continued,'*has, only lately at a meeting 
of the superintending committee, decided to propose at the general meet- 
ing on December 2nd, an increase in its capital of 50,000,000 marks of 
common shares, and 1,500,000 marks of preferred shares. Through this 
increase the company will have regained its pre-war caoital of 
125,000,000 goldmark.'* 

An increase in capital was desirable, he declared because it would make 
it possible to build up ^he Bremen-New York service still more. Dr. 
Heiaeken further said, that the company intends to build a sister ship to 
Germany's largest and most beautiful merchant -steamer, the "Columbus." 
The .general popularity which the "Columbus" has enjoyed, since its 
launching in 1924, justifies the building of a sister ship. 


liU - 3 - GERMAN 

Abend£Ost. Nov. 14, 1926. ^p^ ^jj_L- ^^,^^^ 

Asked by our reporter, whether the rumors, which appeared a few weeks ago, 
of a possible merger of the North Jerman Lloyd with\he Hamburg-America 
line, were true. Dr. Heineken replied, that the report of the formation of 
a trust by the two lines, has been officially denied by Bremen as well as 
Hamburg. Mr. Heineken left yesterday afternoon for New York, and will 
return to Bremen on November 20th, on the Lloyd steamer "Stuttgart. •• 

Ill H 


I C 

Abendpost . Oct, 10, 1926. ^PA (ILL) PROj ?Oi^^/b 


^ULasy that we have to part,"* nas the feeling of the majority of the members 
of the study association , mhen they departed yesterday evening at 11:10 p* m. 
All of them,without exception, were pleased with their two days stay in Chi- 
cago and regretted that they had to leave so soon« 

The ladies and gentlemen told a representative of the Abendpost that yester- 
day's activities were especiedly interesting. They inspected the vast ware- 
houses of the largest mail order house in the United states , Sears, Roebuck 
and Company* The management of the firm provided them with German spesiking 
guides so that every detail could be fully explained* 

After the inspection tho firm gave its guests a dinner which was enjoyed by 
all« In the afternoon, a visit was paid to the warehouse of Ifeirshall Field 
& Company. Here also the visitors were treated with the greatest courtesy, 
and they could not find sufficient words of praise for their reception in 
Chicago, declaring that they liked this city much better than New York* 
The traveling party sta3red at the Bismarck Hotel while in Chicago* 


: III H 

i Abendpostt Oct. 8, 1926. 


Although somewhat tired from the aai^ new impressions, but nevertheless 
eager to learn about Chicago "the wonder city of the world," 39 members of 
the German Association of Studies arrived this morning on the Michig^ Cen- 
tral Railroad at the Illinois Central Station. 

The visitors, among -/.'horn ura several ladies, went to the Bismarck Hotel, 
where reservations had been made for them. Immediately after breakfast they 
began the round trip through the city, in the course of which they got 
acquainted with the high roads of commerce, the parks and other points of 
interest. The sightseeing for the morning concluded with a visit to the 

For the afternoon, a view of the plant of the Chicago Tribune , and of the 
city was proposed. Some of the members will attend to their private affairs, 
visit relations and friends, and in the evening a cheerful meeting v/ill take 

Lj:. Bodo Ronnefeld, transportation director of the Leipzig Fair, and manager 



- 2 - GERMAN /r/ ^ 

AbendpQgt^ Oct. 8, 1926. %''''\f^^ 

of the trip^ declared this morning in the Bisnarck Hotel, to a representa-- 
tiye of the Abendpoet ^ that the trip so far has been highly satisfactory, 
and that those participating, in spite of the hardships of such a Journey 
accept gratefully all the information offered them* Ur. Ronnefeld expressed 
his appreciation particularly about their reception at the Bismarck Hotel, 
lAose proprietors, llessrs» Eitel, took special care for the comfort of their 

To the question as to irtiat has pleased them most so far in America, some of 
the participants answered that the steamer trip on the Hudson river, from 
New York to Albany, Niagara Fedls, Detroit and its powerful industry, have 
made the greatest impression upon them* Of coxarse, they added, they do not 
know much about Chicago so far, and it is possible that after today's in- 
spection, the general opinion will be in favor of Chicago* 

Tomorrow the inspection of Chicago will be continued by visiting the great 
warehouses of Sears-Roebuck and Montgomery Ward, and towards midnight the 
trip to Cleveland will be started* 

The Jointly arranged trip of study by the International Traffic Bureau and 
North Qerman Lloyd in Bremen, has as its purpose to show the participants. 



- 3 - GSRIiaR 


Abendpoat ^ Octi» 8, 1926* 

mostly iiidmbers of industry, business man and the press, conditions in America* 
In the spring of 1926 a similar Journey was arranged, in the course of which 
those participating also visited Chicago. 

The party arrived on the Lloyd steamer '•Derf linger'* on September 28th in 
New York, for a 24 day visit of the United States, stayed three days in 
New York, went by boat to Albany, and visited afterwards Rochester, Buffalo, 
Niagara Falls, and the factories of Detroit* From Chicago they will proceed 
to Cleveland, Pittsburg, Washington and Philadelphia. The return trip will 
be made on the Steamer **Berlin**, October 23rd. 

Ill H 
I C 

T V 


Abendpost . Aug. 26, 192 6 • /^p^ 



The battle of words between the different parties which recently raged 
in 6an iiYanclscoy was, considered from a sober standpoint, absurd. 
The theme was purely a Cierman cuid internal politically t here Germcm 
Social Democrats, there National Socialists. Pcunphlets were distributed, 
insults in point were handed out, all on eiccount of the undoubtedly very 
serious question, in San i^'rancisco, of vtoo will save the German nation - 
whether the National Socialists or the oocial Democrats? 


- 2 - GERMAN f^\,^ «?^. 

'''*?<U-:rt»»« ' 

Abendpost > Aug* 26, I926« 

The story begins with a lecture given by a certain Kurt Ludicke, who^ 
according to the program spoke on ''The (xerman fight for Liberty in the 
Present Age * Uarxism or Nationalism - ^all street Dictatorship or 
People's Government?** What he said was the usual talk which at the 
present time is substituted hard work and actual deeds* Thereupon followed, 
of course, the answer of the opposition party, *'the workers* educational 
society of San Franc isco,** and then the battle of words began* 

A glance over the contents of the pamphlets is sufficient to give us at 
once am idea about the purpose of this meeting* Mr* Ludicke expects of 
**every German** who has a spark of love left for his homeland and who 
possesses a sense of honor, that he will do his duty and attend this 
meeting* The ''Koveicber crime,** the **8tab of a dagger from behind,** and 


- 3 - GERMAN 

Abendpoet, Aug. 26, 1926. 

[o m. 

other amusing descriptions were cited* And all this in San Francisco^ in 
view of the great ocean, whose majesty apparently is unable to impress 
itself upon great spirits like Ur. Ludicke, or the members of the educational 
society, either* 

Now, it is possible that Mr* Ludicke will attempt, here in Chicago, to 
unchain a little civil war among those of German descent* But to 
prevent this, the question should be placed before ust Why do we concern 
ourselves about the party controversies in Germany? This question 
should be answered first by Ur* Ludicke, before he even attempts to 

The Germeui element of Chicago takes a great interest in the old homeland 
and has often proved its warm and hearty sympathies for the country of 

- 4 - 6ERUAN 

Abendpostt Au g» 26, 1926 • 

its fatherSf and tbia is proved every day anew» But for the political rivalry 
of parties we have here neither an ear nor the time* Here, it is nobody's 
"duty** to attend such meetings as Mr« Ludicke curranges* Our conceotion 
of duty leads decidedly in other directions , smd in thie direction lies 
our first duty to refuse individuals who are coming over to this country 
to spread discontent among German-Americans* Such refusals are necessary , 
because American soil is no place to carry on cont rovers ies, which are 
rooting 3fOOO miles away from here* Such disputes not only injure the hos-* 
pitality of our country, but also the spirit of Americanism* What would 
become of this country if it would permit itself to become a meeting pl^ce 
of all party disputes and political wranglings of the world? With regard 


• 5 - GERMAN : V ' > 

Abendpost t Aug. 26^ 1926« 

to this we had enough bad experiences of this kind during the war, and today, 
we are absolutely against any propaganda and any political baiting of any 
origin, whatsoever* Our supply of party politics is more than sufficiently 
covered with our own production, so that the Ludickes, wherever they may 
come from, can save their trouble and stay at home* 




III B 3 a 

I J 
I G 

GERMftN .-»— 

Abendpoat . July 24, 1926. ¥^ , V 


(by Dr. Stresemann, German Minister of Foreign Affairs). 


The people of the United States are celebrating, this year, with special 
solemnity, the festival of the 150th anniversary of the Declaration of 
Independence, at historic Independence Hall in Philadelphia, the cradle of 
the Magna Charta of the great North .^erican republic* 

Names like de Kalb and Von Steuben, appear in the memory of the Germans dur- 
ing a review of those distant times of the founding of the United States, 
pointing out that already at the beginning of American history, close re- 
lations between the United States and Germany, existed* 

^  '^v 


- 2 - GERMAN . 

Abendpoat t July 24, 1926 • ^^^ 

These relations, which reach back to the times of Frederick the Great, were 
increasing steadily in the 19th century* The immigration from Germany 
formed strong ties of blood relations between both countries, and supplied 
American citizenship with many of its best and most valued elements* 

The name of Karl Schurz is symbolic of this closely mutual participation of 
citizens, between social and spiritual life* 

The universities and schools exchanged professors, teachers and students j 
the merchants of both countries joined in beneficial competition; the sym- 
pathic understanding of the countries for one another, increased steadily* 
Into this promising development suddenly came the entrance of America into 
the Wor}.d War, which caused those so regrettable gaps of mutual enmity and 
alienation; misunderstandings and disappointments were increased, and the two 

- 3 - GERMAN /-^ X 

\^ <>/ 
Abend£08t, July 24, 1926. ^U^-^ 

countries suffered tremendously, even a long time after the termination of 
the war» But gradually equilibrium was again established and the agreements 
of 1921, made between Gennany and America, were put in force as proofs, 
that the relations were normal again* 

Since between Germany and America, in the history of their long relations, there 
had not actually existed any differences which could not be bridged, and 
which should have any political reason to exist, the process of arbitration, 
which was also strengthened by a mutual good will, was comparatively quickly 

The self-confidence of the German reconstruction, and the honest will of the 
German people to put their house in order by their own strength, caused the 
influx of American capital into Germany; thereby the commercial relations 
became normal again, and the :outual work for the recovery of the world, and 
the peaceful formation of nation's destines, brought both nations to a 


- 4 - 

Abendpost t July 24, 1926« 

closer understanding, them ever before* 

The number of visitors, irtio came from America to visit Germany and became 
acquainted with its people, delightfully increase every year* All American 
visitors, vho came to see the German people at their reconstruction work, 
to enjoy the beauty of Germain landscapes and the healing power of Germany *s 
watering places, sure heartily welcome* 

Also, the number of travelers of all professions and classes who come to 
America from Germany increases steadily; they on their part, are anxious, 
to get acquainted with this great and powerful American government, whose 
destiny it was to play a such prominent part in the development of humanity* 
Such an approach reciprocated by both countries, based on good will and 
mutual sympathy, is warmly welcomed, not only for the benefit of Germany 
and America, but also for the benefit of the peace of the world, for whose 
furtherance American statesmen have pledged themselves, in the postwar times, 
in a promising way* 


III G ^ 

II A 2 Abendpost. Apr. 30, 1926. 

Leopold Nexunann's Travelling Group Ready to Start 

Great enthusiasm prevails among the numerous members of the travelling group 
conducted personally by Leopold Neumann^ On June 2 they will start their 
journey to the old homeland from the La Salle Street Station on the Nickel 
Plate Railroad. 

Prominent Germans of Chicago who have not set foot on their native soil for 
forty years, and German-Americans who have only heard their parents tell how 
beautiful it is in Germany, have signed up for the tour. German Austrieuis 
who would like to see the old Steffel ^^anslator»s note: Dome of St. Stephen^ 
and their beloved Vienna again; Germans from Burgenland and Hungary, all are 
eager for the journey, for the trip to Niagara Falls, for the Bremer Rathskeller 
^^anslator's note: Famous beer hall in Bremen City Hall^, for the Cologne 
dance festival, for Munich beer, for Duesseldorf , Stuttgart, Heidelberg. 

WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 

Ill H . 


II .1 2 ..bena--oet , -.L)r» 30, 19^:5. 

Klan7 fine cabiriG nre rrcill avail-jble in the thirc cl r::' oT tu^- splendid 
stea::iship ^'Her.ublie'*, The oor'^plete round trip fro.". Jhicsr*o to Prer.en i.ith 
the niide trip to '■ir.-'bi-a y-llr, ^::^o\int'" to only ,*249, includin:* Vcir t'-:-:, 
for :. third-clusr: f-^ire. 

In Lhe luj?.iriouol:; e'-^uiTT^ed jeconc clpsr; — there io no :ii^1ier clasc — the 
entire ti'lp fron Jhi^^r. -o to l)ro..;en 'nc b-\cl-: a-' to oalv 38o '-.nd up, 
dependin': upon the loo^^ticn of the cabin, .-11 hpi^li'jj.tionL-. for p-icsports 
are filled out ^ree oi' charr:o in i.r, I:eu':^.nn's office. IJoncitizen's rill 
receive trov-.llin-* oapers' '''ro'i ..ashin -ton en-: blin t:ieri lo return to the 
Uniteu .^tatcLi '..itnout r ny difficul^.ie::. ihe co-i.''ort o.'.' '.he pacf-en >?:rs \ ill 
be looKed ^..fter in ever^'' po'jsible I'ay. 

In the old lioriclano the travellers will be -iven r. reception, and on the 

excursion on r.he Khine, i-.hich is open to all for •■ iioder^.te eztr- ch:.r;:,e, 

there ; ill be ;:usic :;nc soar an''^ full be-^.cers of vine. ihose v;!lO have nob 
yet reyistered s/.oulf ao so ir^rne' i- tely. 

WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 

Ill H - 3 - GERMaN 


II A 2 Abendpost . Apr* 30, 1926. 

Those who wish to bring over their relatives should get in touch with Itp. 
Neumann, since he visits niany cities in Germany, Austria, Bxngaiy, Jugo- 
slavia, and Rumania, and comes into direct contact with prospective immi- 

The return voyage begins Axigust 31, 1926, from Bremen* 

Office: Ashland Block, room 809, 155 North Clark Street. Telephone: Dearborn 
9538. Open every day until 6 o^dock in the evening; Wednesday and Saturday 
xxntil 8 P. M. ; Sunday from 10 A. M. to 1 P. M. 

WPA ((LL.) PROJ. 30275 

Ill H 

AbOTdpqst, Apr. 13, 1926 • 


Regalatlons Uade Brief and Clear 

The Gexnan Consulate General of Chicago has received numerous inquiries 
about the value, amortization or exchange of German securities* Inquiries 
of this sort often also arrive at the Abendpost , and it is apparent that 
great uncertainty exists among the public as to this matter* There are 
frequently, totally false emd fantastic ideas set forth about it. That 
is nhy the Abendpost is publishing the folloiring short and clear abstract 
from the regulations which have been put together for that purpose by the 
Consulate General • 

Gennan Bonds.: Old oimers are those who acquired their German bonds prior 
to June 1, 1920 and have kept them ever since* They can apply up to May IS, 
to the Continental cmd Commercial National Bank or to the First Trust and 
Savings Bank in Chicago if they want to exchange them* At either of these 

Ill H 

- 2 - 

AbendpoBt , Apr. 13, 1926 • 


banks printed applications can ba obtained, which have to be filled out 
and returned to the b€mk« The bank then sends the form to the German 
commissioner for the liquidation of German bonds in New York* New owners, 
those persons who acquired their German bonds after July 1, 1920, may 
apply after May 15 for exchange to the banks mentioned. 

City Bonds: Regulations dealing with ths exchange of German city bonds are 
established by the city administrations involved* As to details of the pro- 
cedures and the periods of exchange the owners of such bonds are advised to 
go to such banks as have direct comrauni cation with a German bank. V/e are 
not familiar with the individual regulations of the various city administrations 

Industrial Bonds: Owners of such bonds who want to exchange them are to apply 
to the film, company, or corporation which issued thorn. 

Securities: Concerning claims for securities, the owner has to turn to the 
insurance company in question. 

ill H • 3 - gEIMAK 

Abendpost , App» 13, 1926. U^^^'^/ 

Mortgages: For the purpose of evaluating mortgage bonds, the owner should 
get in touch with a mortgage bank familiar with the question. 

Savings Accounts: Owners of accounts in a public bank, or one with a state 
peimit, should turn over their claims to the pertinent savings bank. 

Bank deposits are not listed as valuables in accordance with the law issued 
July 15, 1925. 

Gezman bank notes issued before October U, 1924 are valueless. Following 
a public announcement of the Reichsbank (German National Bank) such bank 
notes had been called in for exchange by July 5, 1925. This time limit 
having elapsed, it is no longer possible to exchange such bank notes. 

Ill H 



I c 

Abendpost, Feb. 5, 1926, ja/d* /nt ^ nnri - 


Expressing his admiration for the industrial and commercial activity of 
Chicaf^o, and his gratitude for the reception, accorded him by officials and 
private individuals, L!r. Karl Scharnagl, first mayor of the city of LIunich, 
gave loud praise during a banquet arranged in his honor by representatives 
of the Fleischmann Company. 

Besides the many duties v/hich his responsible position as first official of 
the Bavarian capital impose upon hin, Mr. Schxarnagl, attends also to his 
business as baker, and people v^o belonf to that praisev/orthy trade were in 
the majority among his mess mates yesterday evening. Besides him there were 
three other representatives from •*Isarathen** present, namely: City Attorney 
Andreas Pfeifer, Treasurer Ferdinand iMorath, and City Councilman Joseph 

As previously reported these gentlemen came to America in company with the 
mayor in order to negotiate a loan for the extension of the Munic?i Gas, 
water, and Electric 7orks, to the amount of $8,700,000, a transaction which 
they claim could have been successfully negotiated in New York. Up to the 

Ill H - 2 - G^mM 

I c 

Ab£M20st, ^eb. 5, 1926. ^^^ (in.) PRGJ, 30275 

ti:::e of their dep rtare tomcrrov/ for '/ashinf^ton, where they intend p^iying 
their respects to President Coolidge, the pr.rty is stayinr;; at tlie Atlantic 

]>. Trnnk ^"eyer, represent* tive of the Fleischrnann Coi::piny and former New 
York City Conirnissioner, and I.'r, I.>.x Strasser, resident of the Nev; York State 
Llf^ster Bakers* Assoc int ion, are in a certain sense, the travelinp; • 
of the :-unich delegation. It w\s Lr. Strasser Vv'ho acted as toastrraster at 
yesterday's nieetin^^ in the Atlantic Hotel, after '-\ larre c^uantity of dui.ip- 
lin^-s hiad been consumed, v;hich no doubt av/oke pleasant rr^emories in the 
visitors and reminded the^^i of their homes. 

D^yor Scharnagl pointed in his speech to the Monderl'ul gro^^rbh of Chicago, its 
enormous traffic, it^s import*^ nee •". s an inland harbor, and i'ss conmerclal ac- • 
tivity, all things v/hich tend to secure for it the leadinr^ role in '.nerican 
economic life, 

••In such a cicy/*' he continued, '*it is only naturr^l th-^t a Europe- n capital's 
representatives should desire to look around carei'ully and to inspect every- 
thing of interest. That such v/as made -oossible in spite of our short stay, 

Ill K 
I C 

- 3 - 

Aben;:Ipost, ?e b . 5 , 1925. 


'A T.t 


Y/e thank I.'nyor Jevor, the Chica o Consul General of Gerin'?.ny, ."r, Rudolf 
Steinbnch, the 71eischrn:'.nn Comp- ny, Ilr, ?r-inh Toyer, the Karris Trust ^'nd 
Savinrs B^.nk, loc^'l colleacrues of the bakery tr^ide, and other rer)rese:ita- 
tives 01 the city adrninistraoion and orivite individuals. 

•*'.7e note v;ith ^reat Dle^^sure and pride, hov/ v/ell the 'Jern/ms in this country 
have succeeded, in spite of their love for r^nd connection with their old 
hor:9 to secure for tber-s elves in t'"e econo"':ic -md public life of Araorica, 
honorable -nl re'BToscted oosioions. 

**Faithiulness ^o duty is the ■"'s outstanding charact ristic, and that 
he did not lose it, even a^v^y fro.:: the country of his birth, is best prove2i 
by the manner in \;hich he does justice to the duties he is expected to ful- 
fill as ".n A:.ieric- n citizen." 



II B 1 a 

^- 3 2 e Abendpost , Nov* 25, 1925. 

I G 


Long before 7o' clock, the church of P-^.stor lienzel began to fill up with 
visitors last Sunday evening. The last showing of the film, "Germany of 
today**, brought the south side of Chicago to its feet, and the German ele- 
ment proved once more that it does not fail v/here the question of help for 
their afflicted fellow countrymen is concerned. 

r/hen, about 8 o'clock, Ilrs. Helen Lorriman opened the program v/ith a beau- 
tiful organ solo, there was not a single seat to be had in the church. 
Pastor Henzel p.reeted the assembled audience v;ith a few hearty v/ords, and 
expressed his satisfaction that in spite of the short notice the attendance 
w^.s so excellent. After a fev; remarks by Dr. Robert Trent, about the pur- 
pose of the evening, the film program, began. 

On the occasion of former film evenings, everything has been told about the 
film itself. On the south side, too, it won the hearts of the audience. 
L'rs. Lorriman rendered the musical accompaniment on the organ. Between the 
acts of the film, Professor Broeniman offered violin solos and the *VArion of 
the South Side" sang beautiful German songs. 

- 2 - G^mi^lN 

Abendpost ^ Nov, 25, 1925. 

Dr. Trent was fully justified in saying that the 'Society for the Gerrrans 
in Foreign Lands", in its /uraerican branch, is trying to offer only th'* very 
best throu^^h its filn and lecture evenings to assist the Gerr^Rn children in 
the stolen provinces. The speaker sketched a living picture of the lives 
^^nd sufferings of the millions of Gerrrr.ns who have been bartered through the 
peace treaties in foreign countries. The contents of his speech v/ere after- 
v/ards fully confirmed through the pictures of 30,000 Germsns, evicted by 
Polnnd. Afterwards a collection was taken up by Pastor Ivleuzel, v/hich netted 


in c 

Abend post > Oct. 30, 1925, 


Gratitude for Cardinal Mundelein^s Aid in Times of Gravest Need 

A simple and dignified act .vas staged tliis morning in the office of the 
Archbishop, 746 Cass Street, behind the cathedral. Uv. Michael Girten, 
the local consul from Austria, handed a gift of honor from the Austrian 
government to Cardinal Mundelein and read the following letter accompany- 
ing it: 

**Your Eminence;- 

••In the hours of Austria's darkest and most critical need, at a time when S 

the very existence of the country seemed doomed, and innumerable thousands 

of our population looked forward to death by starvation. Your Eminence 

loomed high among the ranks of noble-minded human beings who came to help* 

By placing yourself at the head of charitable organizations, created for 

the purpose of alleviating the misery of the people of Austria, Your Eminence 

contributed much to the saving of the country. Now, when my fatherland has 




Ill H - 2 - GERMAN 


Abendpo8t > Oct. 30, 1925. 

fortunately oome throu^ the period of its most critical trials, and my 

fellow countrymen may once more look hopefully toward future security, 

in which they could continue following their sublime cultural mission to 

which they were so loyally devoted in the past, they gratefully remember 

those who did not forsake them when they were in need and despair, extending 

a helping hand to them, and assisting them to get on their feet again.** z;^ 

"Desiring to express the gratitude of the Austrian people throu^ a visible ^ 
token, and knowing Your Eminence's reluctance to external signs of honor, :;. 

my governiTient acquired an object of considerable historical value from its ^ 
national collection of rare manuscripts and books, and hopes that its ^ 

possession will be a source of joy to Your Sminehce. This book, a breviary 
entitled ••Pomerium de Sanetis**, and whose author was Pellbartus of Temesvar, 
is an original print of the year 150S; its genuineness has been established 
beyond any doubt by our most outstanding bibliographers. 

Ill H - 3 - CEERMAN 


Abendpost , Oct. 30, 1925  

**I have been especially enjoined to express to Your Eminence the inner- 
most gratitude of the president and govemnent of Austria for your tire- 
less activity in behalf of Austria* It is my desire that Tour Eminence deign 
to accept this modest gift presented to you through the Austrian consul^ 
Mr. Girten, and receive it in the same spirit in which it is offered, as 
a token of hi^est recognition by the highest officials, people aiKl govern- 
ment of Austria* 

'^Permit me, on this occasion, to express to Tour Eminence the assurance of 
my most este^ned honor and respect. 

"Edgar Prochnik, 
••Envoy frcMii Austria. •• 

Cardinal Mundelein received the honor gift with cordial words of thanks 
and was visibly moved. 

Ill H - 4 - GBRMAN 

• III C 

Abendpost ^ Oct. 30, 1925. 

Tbe book, an original issue of the year 1502, is a breviary having for 
its title ^Pomerium de Sanetis**, and was written by Pelibartus of Temesvar* 
Tbe title page, representing the author* s portrait surrounded by the four 
symbols of the Gospel, is in the technique of the so-called ''Weiss^-Linien* 
Schnitt** (engraving in white lines), in which the drawn lines appear upon 
a black baclsground* 

The director of the National Library of Vienna, Hofrat (advisor to the court), 
and Dr. Bick, who passed upon the book, stated that they could vouch for 
the genuineness of the same, and for its intrinsic value for collectors* 
A similar favorable Judgment was passed by a number of competent specialists 
of the state*s archives, to whom the book was submitted for evaluation* 

According to information received from the foreign office of the chancellary, 
the removal of objects of great value has been forbidden by the regulations 
of the Treaty of St* Germainen-Laye* The book was therefore purchased by 
the (Austrian) federal govemmeiit* 

r • 


in H G3RIv:.i!^T 

I S 

Abendpost , Oct. 20, 1925. 


At the invitation of the German section of the Socialist party of Ghica^o, 

several menbers of the German Reichstac lectured in the North Side Turner Hall 

on German socialism, the economic relationships in Germany, and on the im- ^ 

pressions v;hich they had received during the course of their short stay in the 

United States. After some son^s by the Gesangverein Freiheit, Kurt Marx, a 

member of the party and an author and speaker, undertook in a long address to 

introduce the guests to the audience, 


The first speaker v;as Kurt Rosenfeld, an attorney from Berlin. He began his C3 
lecture by recounting the impres3ions v;hich he and the other members of the 
commission /the delegation to the Interparliamentary Conference/ had received 
vdth respect to the United States in general, and the economic life here in 
particular. It was believed that the United States was a real wonderland as 
far as its industries were concerned, he said, but it had not been possible to 
get a real picture of the situation. Astonishment was the first and the lasting 




Ill H - 2 - GERMAN 


Abendpost , Oct. 20, 1925. 

reaction which he and the others had experienced, especially with reference to 
industry. Perhaps they had come to a ♦» wonder land,'' but its industries were 
kindergarten stuff when compared with those of Germany. He went into details 
about their visit to the Stockyards, where everything is "on the line," and where 
the advantage of division of labor is so clearly demonstrated. Everything went ^ 
like clockwork, and yet one could not get rid of the impression that the recep- ^ 
tion and entertainment committee desired to show only the bright side, and not ^^ 
the dark. And so they had tried to find the dark side on their ovjn hook. They p 
recognized that in the great slaughterhouse industry the vjorker is really just ^ 
a cog in the huge machine; that not the foreman, but the machine itself is ^ 
responsible for the speed-up, and that the. same holds true for other industries 
also; that economically the iunerican workers are better off, and yet they are 
exploited far more than the German v/orkers. 5i 

The speaker then went into detail concerning the German Republic and its 
prospects. It is by no means perfect, he said, but by its ov;n efforts it is 
drav/ing closer and closer to perfection, no matter what obstacles are put in its 



I E 

Abendpost , Oct. 20, 1925. 

path. The Republic was proclaimed, and the Republic will endure. There is 
much that does not deserve to be called model; the form of government is not 
responsible for this, however, but certain circurastances and conditions, es- 
pecially the failure of the bourgeois parties to co-operate. 

The speaker was repeatedly interrupted by shouts and applause, especially by ^ 

shouts of '^indenburgl*' Mr. Rosenfeld explained that the Monarchists and ^ 

Communists had put Hindenburg in the saddle, but that it must be conceded that z^ 

the former field marshal remained true to the pledge that he had given the £ 

government in power, and that he had undertaken nothing that might lead to its Lo 

downfall. The hope of the Monarchists that the monarchy might be restored is «:^ 
ridiculous. The last feeble ray of hope for such an outcome vanished once and 
for all when i^/ilhelm II fled for Holland. 

The second speaker of the evening was './ilhelia Sollmann, who gave a clear and 
illuminating description of the situation in Geriiiany. He made no attempt to 
hide the difficulties under which the present form of government in Germany is 



Ill H - 4 - G2Rlvli\N 

I E 

Abendpost , Oct, 20, 1925, 

still laboring, but he called attention to the fact that even in the United 
States progress was gradual at first, and that even here things are still not 
perfect or free from flaws. Geimany's collapse happened overnight, though 

many had long foreseen it, and it v;as a question of hastily rearing a nev; ^ 

structure on top of the ruins. It was a question of finding one's v;ay in the ^ 

midst of indescribable chaos, and that is no easy task. The refining process .^ 

was completed nonetheless, although it was very slov/. Germany v/ill some day p 

become a model republic; the republic will develop out of the people, and this ^ 

is the work of socialism* Not by crude violence will the v/orld be transformed, g 

but by the power of words, by ideas, and that is the thing which welds comrades ^ 

together, and n^ich will some day enable Germany to rise out of the iiiins and g 

ashes, a greater nation than ever before, o< 

It was with great anticipation that the audience awaited the address by Frau 
Louise Schroeder, delegate to the Reichstag, V/ith glowing words she portrayed 
the progress made since the collapse of the monarchy in the movement to 
emancipate v/omen. (By emancipation of women is meant woman suffrage, which will 

Ill H - 5 - GSRjyLW 

I E 

Abendpost , Oct, 20, 1925. 

certainly be a blessing to Germany some time.) It was the women, she said, 
who v;ere Germany's mainstay in its hour of greatest need. They v/ere the ones 
who worked in the munition factories,.. ..and who kept the wheels of Gei^man in- 
dustry turning. They endured hardships just as much as the soldiers in the :-^ 
trenches. Again and again, by word and deed, they inspired the German people ^ 
to stand by their colors, and in the new German Republic they continued to '^ 
exert themselves to the utmost in their effort to aid Germany in its recovery. \^ 

The deputy Carl Hildebrand, former Prime Minister of Vi\iertt ember g, and Dr. Paul 2 

Loebe were the last speakers. They were brief, and in their remarks follov/ed i-o 

the main points made by those who preceded them on the speakers* platform. r:^ 

Hildebrand emphasized that Germany should not have signed the acknowledgment of ^ 
J^'iJ guilt in the Versailles treaty. 

Today the German guests will take the opportunity to learn as much as possible 
about Chicago under the guidance of the members of the citizens* committee. 
Yesterday they made a visit to the mail-order house of Sears-Roebuck ^ Co., and 


Ill H - 6 - GSRL/IAN 

I E 

Abendpost , Oct. 20, 1925. 

met with a very friendly welcome from Lr. Julius Rosenwald, chairman of the 
board of directors, President G. K. Kittle, Vice-President Liax Midler, ^i. B. 
Schmidt, and C. B. Henderson. 

Dr. 7;irth spoke this noon at a luncheon of the Chicago Council of Foreign 
Relations, in the Sherman Hotel, and tomorrow v;ill be the c^est of honor and 
main speaker at the luncheon of the Chicaco Association of Commerce in the 
La Salle Hotel. 

The following delegates to the Interparliamentary Conference in Washington 
accepted the invitation of the local citizens' committee to visit Chicago. g 


Paul Loebe, President of the Reichstag; Dr. Joseph K. V/irth, former 
Chancellor of the Reich and member of the Reichstag; VJilhelm Sollmann, former 
Minister of the Interior and member of the Reichstag; and the following members 
of the Reichstag: Franz Bartschat, Karl Hildenbrand, the Reverend Adolf Korell, 
Frau Tusnelda Lang-Bruraann , Dr. Fritz Mittelmann, Hans Rauch, Dr. Kurt Rosenfeld, 

Ill H - 7 - GERIviAN 

I E 

Abendpost , Oct. 20, 1925. 

Frau Louise Schroeder, and Frau Christine Teusch. The representatives of the 
Gerinan minority parties in Poland were Herr Graebe and Herr Krajczyrski, while 
the representative of the German minority in Czechoslovakia v;as Herr D. Medinger. 

' — I 

Ill L 
III B 4 

I a 

Abend i-'o st 

Oct. 20, 1923. 


er...un-nmericLins Thunked for Their Help in 

liurdest Times 



"l.Iuy your visit to this country contribute to the cooperation of the two great 
Republics, C/er..-uny una .-inierica  us before tlie v/art '-^s protectors of peace and 
as supi/orters or cul'.uro,'* V/ilh these plain but significant words I4r. Frank 
Vande 'iesterlaken, president of the Germania Club closed his address v/el coming 
officially ti*e visiting German delegation to the Interparliamentp.rian Conference 
yesterday evening in the Geriiania Clubhouse, in the name of Chicago's Germans. 
It v/as un evenin^.;, which no doubt will long be remembered by all those who were 
present. The invitucions were issued jointly by the Germania Club and the German 
Club, und about jUO pursons, among therii the m)t>t prominent German Americans of the 
city, responded. 

'.Vhat especially distinguished Liie arrunge/.iont from similar ones on other occasions 
was the s^^irit v;hich prevailt^d I'roiii ohe beginning. Early in the evening the 
'antrunce of the 'lGr::iun ^aosiis inLo the I'estivu hu.ll, decorated \7ith American and 
Ger.iian fla.^j;, offor^d the Oi^portanity ror u dei.ionstration coming from and going to 
the heart. The asse:.iblage ro^e like onu, when the Ger^iian people's representatives 

entered;' Fritz Renk uiiJ his orchestra struck u-^ "Deutschland uber Alles" and every- 

Ill H 
III B 4 

I a 

• 2 - 

xibend:)ost Oot. 20, 1925 



body Joined in sin^in^. j'itL this the keynote xr^xs given for the evening: Quite 
a few more Geruan son^s vvere huax'd during tlie mealt and the visitors Virere in the 
right humour to listen to a nunber ci' speeohe?=j later on« A better toastmaster than 
I.'r. Ernst Kruetgen, could not be founu. ^s one oi' the city's best known German 
rimerioans, the former president oi* ti^e Geriuiiia Club stands in high esteen of his 
felloe/ citizens. At his right sut the ^jrusiaent of the German parliament lir. 
Paul lobe, -ind to his left the foriier Ger-.-an ohaiiCellor Dr. Joseph K# V/irth. On 
the table of honor, v/hicL occupiad t'.y whole broad side of the large Hall, v/ere 
seated besides the representative of the German Government Dr. Rudolph Steinbach 
and his v/ife, the minister to Hungary, Theodore Prentano, v/iio is here on furlough 
at present, the two presidents of the (dubs, Frank Vande V/esterlaken and A. F. W« 
Si^.bbl and, colorfully mixed v/ith. the Germar visitors, distinguished rr>en of soiencei 
ana prominent business r.en, U. i». Senator Charles S. Deneen \mo had gladly accepted 
the invitation extended to liim, was compeMed to his great regret to excuse himself 
at the lust moment, a severe cold v/iiich he caught Avhile attending the funeral of 
his colleugue Rulston of Indiana, conl*ined him, on the advice of his physician, to 
his homo. Ex-Senator Ju.ijs Lamilton Lewis, who was prevented from attending wrote 
a letter in wiilch he ex^rerf ed his regrets at not being able to be present. Miss 
Lora Bodeins, soprano, anu a double quartet of the United Lien's Choir, brought a 
welcome change in the orogruLi by their performances. The round of speeches was 
opened by LIr. Kruet-_;en, v/iio said: 

Ill 11 - 3 - OSRIIAN 

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I G .-^bendpci^it Oct. 20, 1925. 

' WFA (ill.) PROJ. 30275 


"llifrhly esteeMod r^uests, L^di^^s uiid ientluufcnl ii short time aeo y;q wera honored 
by tha presence or on j oi 'jerrnuny's .^reut son* , Dr. Hugo Eckener, who made the 
first crossin,; of the dtlixiitic Ocean in u dirigible • let us hope that this is noL 
the l^st of x ;:e^.pe}in, crossing the ocean* l!\As evening:; v/e have the honor to 
wolcomo in cur midst lc>iders oi the New 'lerr-Hry, r.en who entrusted with the 
Y/eli'are oT the Crerinan people, fro:: vd-o-^ v/e also are descended on whom v/e hang with 
-ill tr.e threads oi our hearts* "Jo were true to our Fatherland, its struggle was 
also our stru[^jle* l/e suffured v/ith the Crernan people, v/e protested against the 
war, we prcLesteu a._^»iinst the? black dii^grace, we protested against the invasion of 
th.e Ruhr by the French. V/e sent our protests to \/ashin^ton, to the president, to 
congress,- the Crorniun-Aiii^>ricunii could \x1\i\xys be found en the sicie of justice* 

•HDnly v/hen the Gernan people v;ere exh^austed and unarmed the French invaded Gernan 
soil, uFiiidst trumpets and kettledrums with lieavy cannons, they marched into the 
Ruhr* This v/as a breach of peace and of the Versailles peace treaty. Today v/e 
v/elcor:.H r.t.tin Wi.o are v/orkin^ on Germany's rebuilding, and I think I am speaking in 
the name of ell Gerniun-Amerioans , when I say: 'V/e saluto you*. ¥e honestly hope, 
that your mission v/hich brought you to us, will be fulfilled, and that you will 

Ill II - 4 - GERian 

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I G , nbendpost Oct. 20, 1923. 

return v/ith the cunsciousness , thut on the other side of the Atlantic German 
hourts aru beutin^ Tor liLtirty. Hot long ago we celebrated here the 
Ger».aii day, on which occasion 3.^t^'^G noiah'^-rs of the sar-ie race, publicly professed 
their belonging to Gt^rfiianisiii. This evening we are following the voice of German 
blood, when vie tne honored guoists from the old Fatherland, and the great 
people, a heroic nation, which fought lor 4i years against a world of enemies for 
their homes and libjrty, of a peoplo who^jtr blood runs also in our veins, a ptiople 
wiiose culture fructified all ola natioiis beneficially. 

"•Iwli 'ht is ri-:ht' see;;is to be the pattern of tlie world, and the Gerrpan people 
v;ere hur.iliuted by having the Versuillen tre'ity, the greatest crinie of civilization 
forced upon theu. The war guilt I Put truth is powerful and will be victorious. 
Trutii is also our probler:*, and it is our duty to open a street to truth, to the 
honor of our country, of our German Fatherland and the rest of the v/orld. Our 
hearts belong to this gi^e-At Republic, bu' we also ackno;vledge ourselves to be true 
to Geruany, and \vhouver insults the soul of our nationality, we shall knov/ how to 
keep hiu within boundIT . 

Loebe speaks: "Ladies and Gentlemen: 

"V/hwn \;e accepted tl e invitatior. of rresident C'jolidge, to deliberate with the 


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xxbeKupost Oot. 20, I925 

V^PA (ILL) PRO]. 3027b 

representatives of forty national v/e kriev/ that a special mission i«as awaiting 
the iii'jLibbrs of the Cxerniui* d«legttticn, to offer their hunds to the Ger nan- Americans 
v/i.o have done so vMich for tlie building-up of this country^ To these we bring the 
3rejtin,-s oi* the Cxeriiian parliament, and the German people. Geri.ian-Amerioanismi 
when we were prone on the ground extended its hands to us. It shall be left to the 
leading members of parliament, to deal more closely with this them.e. But we wish 
to awafe your confidence for the new Germany, as it arose after the debacle. You 
may listen to us, una form your own opinion. 

••Once upon a time, old Europe looked upon iimerioa, as a youth, who developed 
healthily and happily. Nov/ it looks, upon a giant. V/e sav/ your proud Chicago, 
how it brought forth soil frum thtr lake and created new places of development for 
its population. V/e sav/ the skyscrapers in Nev/ York reaching steadily higher towards 
the slzy; v/e suv/ a Babel of languages; v/e sav/ new lines of transportation being 
opened up. And today v/e sav; in your stock-yt^rds a mass production, which cannot 
bo adequately doscrihod. This is only a symbol of a v/onderful developm.ent. Until 
I9I4 both of us v/ere gro.virig. Then axme the; Greut Catastrophe, which threw Europe 
back, v/hilt. the development 01 ^luerica grev/. For instance farming in old Europe 
decreased fifty percent, v/hilv- on the other hand it rose hero. In 19^4 ^^-^ United 
St>:ites imported 40;; of the v/crlds silk, 5n 1^21 it wms 9Q%\ Thats the vmy things have 

chungea, una how Europu loote today • If Europe ^/ants to remain it h^s to follow new 
ways. Th: s fctlsQ is Germany •'s problem. If it v/ants to regain its wealth."' 

Ill H GEHiaN 

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I G Abendpost , Oct* 20, 1925. 



Brilliant Addresses by Dr. Loebe and Dr. Wirth 

before Enthusiastic Audience 

**May your visit to this country be instrumental in bringing together the 
two great republics of Germany and America so that they will henceforth 
stand side by side and work together, as they did before the war, as de- 
fenders of the peace and the torchbearers of civilization.** V/ith these 
simple yet eloquent words, LIr. Frank Van de V/esterlaken, president of the 
Germania Club, concluded his address v/ith which he officially welcomed, 
on behalf of Chicago's Deutschtum , the German delegates to the Inter- 
parliamentary Conference, who are in the city on a visit. The occasion 
was a banquet held last night at the Germania Club. 

It was an evening which will undoubtedly linger a long time in the memories 
of all those present. The invitations were issued jointly by the Germania 
Club and the German Club, and about five hundred persons, among them the 

c ,. 

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Abeidpost, Oct. 20, 1925. 

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most prominent German-Americans of the city, gladly accepted. ;Vhat 
particularly distinguished this occasion ffom others of a similar nature 
was the spirited atanosphere which prevailed right from the start. The 
very prologue to the evening— the entrance of the German guests into the 
hall, ^ich was festively decorated with American and German flags — ^was 
the signal for a demonstration that came from the heart and went to the 
hesupt. Like one man the festive company rose to its feet the moment the 
delegates of the German i>eople made their appearance • Fritz Renk and his 
orchestra played '^Deutschland, Deutschland ueber alles,** which everybody 
joined in singing; and thus the keynote to the evening was sounded. Many 
more German songs were sung in unison by all those present at the banquet, 
and the guests were soon in the proper mood to listen to the numerous 
speakers of the evening. 

No better toastmaster for the occasion could have been found them 

Mr. Ernest Kruetgen. As one of the best known German-Americans of this 

city and as the former president of the Germania Club, he is highly 

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I G Abendpoat , Oct* 20, 1925* 


esteemed by his fellow citizens. To his right sat Herr Paul Loebe, 
president of the German Reichstag, and to his left. Dr. Earl Joseph Wirth, 
former chancellor of the Reich. At the long table of honor, which ran the 
entire width of the large hall, were seated Consul General Rudolph Steinbach, 
representative of the German Government, and Mrs. Steinbach; Theodore Brentano, 
the American envoy to Hungary, who is at present in America on a leave of ab- 
sence; Frank Van de Westerlaken and A. F. W. Siebel, presidents of the Germania 
Club and the German Club respectively; and, interspersed among the German 
visitors, notable professional men and prominent businessmen of the city. 

To his greatest regret, United States Senator Charles S. Deneen, who gladly 
accepted the invitation sent to him, had to tender his excuses at the last 
minute; a bad cold, contracted a few days ago at the funeral of his friend, 
Senator Ralston of Indiana, kept him confined to his bed upon strict orders 
from his physician. Sx-Senator James Hamilton Lewis, absent from the city 
on \irgent business, sent a letter in which he expressed his regrets at not 
being able to be present. /"{ ^x 


Ill H - 4 - aSHtvIAN 

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I G Abendpost, Oct. 20, 1925. 


Miss Lora Bodenis, soprano, and a double quartet from the Vereinigte 
llaennerchoere provided a welcome variety to the program by their offerings. 
The series of speeches was opened by LIr. Knietgen, who spoke approximately 
as follows: /Translator's note: It should be borne in mind that all of 
the addresses that follow are mere sumiaaries, written by the Abendpost 
reporter in very bad German^^^ 

**Honorable guests, ladies and gentlemen! A relatively short time ago, we 
had the honor to welcome in this hall a great son of Germany, Dr. Hugo 
Eckener, who in a large German airship made the first flight across the 
Atlantic Ocean. V/e hope that this will not be the last trip of a Zeppelin 
over the sea. 

"This evening we have the honor to welcome to our midst the leaders of a 
new Germany, to whom have been entrusted the v/eal and woe of the German 
Reich— the land from which we have come, the land to which we cling with 
all the fibers of our heart. ''Je have been loyal to the land of our fathers; 


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Abendpost , Oct. 20, 1925. 

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its struggle has also been our struggle. \^Je have suffered with the 
German people; we have protested against the^war; we have protested against 
the Schwarze Schmach (the Black Dishonor) /Translator's note: This ex- 
pression was applied by Germans to the use of colored soldiers in the 
French occupation of the Rhineland^; we have protested against the French- 
man's invasion of the Ruhr. 17e have sent our protests to V/ashington, to 
the President, to Congress. At all times the German-Americans were to be 
found on the side of the right. 

"Not until the German people were exhausted and disarmed did Frenchmen 
step upon German soil; they marched into the Ruhr to the beating of drums, 
the blare of trumpets, and the roll of heavy guns. That act was a breach 
of the peace and a violation of the treaty of Versailles. 

•'Today we welcome men and women who are working for the reconstruction of 
Germany, and I believe I voice the sentiments of aH German-Americans when 
I hail you /i. e., the visitors from Germanj^ with a hearty Gruess Gottl 



Ill H - 6 - GEHLIAN 

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I G Abendpost > Oct* 20, 1925. 


We all hope that the mission which has brought you to these shores will 
be fulfilled, and that you will return with the conviction that here, on this 
side of the Atlantic, there are German hearts throbbing for Germany* s freedom* 

''Not so long ago we celebrated German Day, and on that occasion thirty-five 
thousand fellov/ coxintrymen publicly pledged loyalty to all that is Gen/ian* 
Tonight we follow the call of German blood by welcoming the guests of honor 
fl'om the old fatherland, and we pay homage to the great nation, to the 
nation of heroes, which for four and one-half years fought for home and 
liberty against a world of enemies; to a nation whose blood pulsates through 
our veins; to a nation whose culture has enriched all peoples with its 
abundant gifts, 

^ flight is right* seems to be the guiding rule of the world today. Thus 
upon the German people were imposed the humiliation and the disgrace of the 
treaty of Versailles, the greatest crime of civilization. The guilt of the 
warl But truth is mighty and will prevail. The truth is also our problem. 

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and it is also our task to prepare a v/ay for the truth, to the glory of 
our country, our German fatherland, and all the rest of the world. Our 
hearts belong to this great republic, but we also acknowledge our loyalty 
to Germany. He xi^o offends the soul of the German people will meet v/ith 
swift retribution at our hands." 

T3ien, with a few appropriate remarks, Mr. Kruetgen introduced L!r. Frank 
Van de Wester laken, president of the Germania Club, 'v^o greeted the guests 
in the following words: 

''It is a signal honor for me to be able to greet you /ladies and/^ gentlemen- 
the representatives of the people of old Germania — in my capacity as presi- 
dent of the Germania Club. 

TTot often has it been our privilege to have such outstanding personalities 
as our guests. It may perhaps be \innecessary, ladies and gentlemen, to call 
your attention to the fact that never before has our Club had under its roof 
a foimer chancellor of the German Reich and a president of the German Reich 

Ill H - 8 - QSR^^IAIT 

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I G Abendpost , Oct, 20, 1925. 


''Perhaps never before have a people's representatives been confronted 
with a more difficult problem than that which Herr Loebe and his colleagues, 
whom we are greet in<5 today, have had to contend with and will have to con- 
tend with. May their exertions and efforts be crowned with success, so 
that peace and economic prosperity will be secured for the GenTian people 
and so that Germany will once more assume her place among the leading 
nations of the vxorld. 

''A chancellor of the German Reich occupies the most responsible position 
that can be bestowed upon one person in any country. This heavy burden 
was shouldered and borne by today's guest of honor, Doctor V/irth, in the 
darkest hours of the old fatherland — the land in which the cradles of 
many of our members were rocked, the land from which most of those present 
on this occasion derive their descent. 

*^:ore than six years have elapsed since the tempests of the horrible war 
have subsided — those teiT5)ests viiich have torn asunder the bonds of old 

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Abendpost , Oct. 20, 192 5. 

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friendships, the bonds of friendship and of mutual respect that united 
our countries /Germany and Americ^ from the very beginning. Considerable 
progress has been made since the war in effecting a rapprochement; a large 
part of the mutual distrust has been removed by means of the spoken and the 
written word, by intercourse and exchange of ideas. 

'*I.1ay your visit to this country, my honored p-uests, be successful in achiev- 
ing further gains in this direction, so that Germany and the United States 
of America will henceforth be able to act together, as they did before the 
war, as defenders of the peace and the torchbearers of civilization. :Jlth 
this thought in mind, ladies and gentlemen, I again bid you a hearty welcome.^ 

Eow Germany's future depends upon the youth of Germany and how, for that 
reason, Americans have done so much to help the poor, enslaved fatherland 
by sending charitable gifts, was described in moving phrases by Frau Christine 
Treusch, Reichstag member from Cologne. Among other things, she said (in 
approximately these words): /^"^"^^ 

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I G Abendp03t> Oct. 20, 1925. 


"Tliis is the first time a woman member of the German Reichstag has been 
privileged to speak at an occasion of this kind. As a woman called upon to 
represent the German people, I gladly take this opport\mity to thank you 
ladies and gentlemen, as well as all German-i\mericans, for all the good you 
have done in behalf of our suffering youth and our old people who are unable 
to work. l.Iay the good Lord bless ^''oul 

^I'ThSit is woman's duty in public life? Her duty is not to enter the lists 
against a man as his rival and enemy, but to v/ork at his side, supplement- 
ing his efforts. Infinite good can be accomplished by a woman in the up- 
bringing of youth and in preserving the national customs and traditions. 

**As most of you know, the sufferings and tribulations of the inhabitants 
/_of Germanj^ were greatest in the Rhineland. 7Je realize that we too must 
make sacrifices for the beloved fatherland, but we shall offer uncom- 
promising resistance to injustice and highhanded acts, to unjustified 
sanctions and reprisals. Our hope lies in the coming generation; we trust 




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that it will again free the Rhineland, that it will again liberate Gerrany." 

Abendpost , Oct. 20, 1925, 

Then l!r, Siebel spoke as follows: '*Here where all of us speak Geniian so beauti- 
fully, I am called upon, as president of the German Club, to make a speech. 
There are many jP;ood High GeiTnans in this country, but there are also many Low 
Germans here, and so I would like to remind you of the Low German saying: 
♦Jungens un Dims, holt fastj'" (Boys and girls, hold fasti) 

Continuing in English, the speaker said: ^The German Club is proud of your 
noble work, and we hope that soon there will be lasting peace. 7/e are await- 
ing the dawn of the day v/hen all mankind will live together in one peaceful 
community of nations. V/e know that you will lead the good people of the old 
fatherland to the position they once occupied, yes, even to new heights. We 
ask that you take back with you our message: that we are convinced that the 
German people will soon again emerge as a great and mighty nation.** 

Herr Loebe Speaks 

Ill H - 12 - G3HrvL4N 

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I G Abendpost , Oct. 20, 1925. 


'•Ladies and gentlemen! V/hen we accepted President Coolidge's invitation 
to meet with the representatives of forty nations, we knew that a special 
mission awaited the members of the German delegation: to clasp the hands of 
the German-Americans, who have contributed so much to the upbuilding of this 
great country. To them we bring greetings from the German Reichstag, from 
the German people. The German-Americans were the first to extend us a help- 
ing hand as we lay crushed and helpless. I shall leave it to the women 
members of the German parliament to discuss this topic in greater detail. 
It is our desire to awaken your confidence in the new Germany that has arisen 
after the collapse. Listen to us and judge for yourselves. 

••There was a time when aged Europe looked upon America as one looks upon a 
stripling, watching his sturdy and happy growth. Now Europe gazes upon a 
giant. We observed your proud city of Chicago as it wrested solid land 
from the lake and developed new residential areas for its population. In 
New York we saw the skyscrapers ascend ever higher into the clouds; we heard 
a Babel of tongues; and everywhere we observed new traffic roads under con- 
struction. Today, in the stockjrards, we saw a mass production industry such 

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I G Abendpost , Oct. 20, 1925. 


as one could scarcely imagine. But that is just one symbol of your 
magnificent achievements. 

'TJp to 1914 both of us ^Europe and America/^ made equally steady progress. 
Then came the great catastrophe, and Europe was hurled backward, whereas 
Americans development continued. For example, agricultural production has 
declined fifty per cent in Europe since 1914, whereas it is continually 
increasing in this country. In 1914 the United States imported forty per 
cent of the world's silk production; in 1921, she imported ninety per cent. 
This is how we ^EuropeT" have retrogressed; this is the way Europe looks today» 
If Europe wishes to remain in existence, she must travel a new road. This is 
also Germany's problem, if we are ever to attain prosperity again.^ /Trans- 
lator's note: These puerile, incoherent, illogical sentences are faithful 
renditions of the sentences employed by the illiterate Abendpost reporter^ 

''We want to be frank with you. After the humiliations we endured as a result 
of the imposition of an impossible peace treaty — a peace treaty we were forced 

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III B 2 
I G 

to sign in 1918-19 because nothing else was possible: the whole world 
was arrayed against us, and Germany would have become the battlefield, the 
toll of war victims would have mounted to unheard-of proportions— after all 
our humiliations, we lay exhausted, but we did not despair. When France 
occupied the Ruhr we pounded our fist on the table, and for nine months we 
pursued a policy of passive resistance. The consequence was the ruination 
of German economic life, so that fifty per cent of our countrymen had to 
support the other fifty per cent. The Separatists continued to gain new 
ground; the danger became extremely acute that our country would be comr* 
pletely torn asunder; and misery became more widespread. It required much 
courage to tell our despairing people to be patient; that we could only 
make headway slowly, step by step; that we would have to bear the burdens 
the relentless peace had foisted upon us. One of those who found the cour- 
age to tell all this to the people was our chancellor, Dr. Joseph Wirth. 

•*If today all European statesmen are breathing more freely, it is because 
a new epoch is in the offing. This is essentially the result of a policy 

Ill H - 15 - GEHMAN 
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I Gr Abendpost > Oct. 20, 1925. 


initiated by men who were often bitterly attacked on that account. It 
is a policy of reconciliation and recovery, but with new meems. The pact 
of Locarno has once more made the Rhine a Gennan river, and soon the Rhine- 
land will be rid of foreign peoples. 

•♦Here, in your presence, I should like to say a word in appreciation of 
Friedrich Ebert, the first President of the Reich, who rose from the humblest 
ranks of the people to the uppermost heights in his fatherland. He was always 
proud of his past. Among Americans, too, there are many who are proud of hav- 
ing reached the top from humble beginnings. He and Doctor Wirth initiated 
this policy fpt reconciliation and recover^. In Germany everyone esteems 
this man highly; at his home I have encountered members of all political 
parties, and they all greatly respected him. Your Ambassador Houghton was a 
frequent guest at his home and esteemed him. I owe him this word of apprecia- 

••If the German people desire again to became free frcci without (nach aussen frei), 

R WPA o 

No "•*'"• A 

Ill H - 16 - GEiaiAN 

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I G Abendpost , Oct. 20, 1925. 


it must also be free from vrLthln (nach innen frel). There must no longer 
be a fixed hierarchy of classes in our coxintry; the idea of the authoritarian 
state must be eradicated; and each and every German must realize that he too 
bears a portion of the responsibility for the strengthening and reconstruction 
of his homeland. 

**The Geman republic wants to link German Austria with the motherland. It is 
the duty of everyone to stick together with those vbo belong to us JTmB.^ those 
who are of our blood, irtio share our traditions/^. 7/e are happy to be with you, 
and we have listened with Joy to the German folk songs. The new Germany greets 
you and bids you welcome, you who carry the star-spangled banner in one hand 
and the black-red-gold flag of the German republic in the otherl" (Great applause.) 

It was quite natxxral that the address by Dr. K. Joseph Wirth, former chancellor 
of the Reich, should have been anticipated with great interest. The fact that 
he was at the helm of the German cabinet at a time which might well be regarded 
as especially critical turned the eyes of the world upon him, and it is only 

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I G Abendpost , Oct. 20, 1925. 


natural that even today, viien he is no longer directly active in public 
life, an expression of his opinion should not pass unnoticed. In the course 
of his address, Doctor Wirth said the following: 

••It is a great pleasure for rae to speak to my German countrymen in America* 
Since earliest childhood it has been my most longing desire to know your country. 
Now my dream has come true, and I am grateful. Above all, let me stress the 
fact that with your contributions you have perfonned a deed of great political 
moment. The help extended by America has provided the foundation upon which 
Germany has been able to erect her new existence. With a despairing, hungry 
people in the heart of Europe it was not possible to achieve the real and last- 
ing peace so longingly desired by everyone. ISy guiding principle has always 
been: I serve my people, and thereby I also serve all those imbued with htmiani- 
tarian ideals. 

••It is not difficult to kindle a fire in the political life of a nation. But 
to keep the flames of contention from spreading and then to extinguish them is 


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I G Abendpost , Oct. 20, 1925. 


the duty of the political leader* The evidence of our own eyes would be 
enough to bring home to us what coimminism has made out of Russia; the estab- 
lishing of the German republic has been the salvation of Europe. 

••The present form of government has paved the way in Germany for mutual under- 
standing. To criticize is not difficult, but to improve conditions is indeed 
difficult. We accepted the Dawes Flan because it was the sole basis upon which 
German reconstruction could be undertaken* The provisions of the Dawes Tlan 
that are untenable will soon become manifest. Personally, I have the greatest 
confidence in Mr. Gilbert, the administrator of the reparation payments. What 
we need above all else is the confidence of the world. Then we shall rise by 
dint of our own strength. Even now there is only one course open to us— -the 
way of work, the way of hard work*" 

••We sincerely desire to co-operate in the effort for peace in a manner at once 
German and aboveboard. We are possessed of the will to mutual understanding. 
We too are in accord with the demand for security for all nations — security 
for France, our former enemy, but, above all, security and ftreedom for our 

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I G Abendpost , Oct. 20, 1925. 


beloved German fatherland. Deutschland, Deutschland ueber allesi'' 

Next followed a few brief speeches. Doctor Mlttelmann spoke as follows: 
•^e have received many lasting impressions in this country. We were especially 
impressed by the great interest manifested by German-Americans in the well- 
being of the land in which the remains of their parents are interred. The 
harsh ordeal visited upon our fatherland was unable to crush us. We are firmly 
convinced that our reconstruction will be successful. The symbol for the new 
and better fut\ire which you so ardently desire for your old homeland is embodied 
in the person of the President of the Reich, Field Marshal von Hindenburg. Once 
the imperial commander in chief of an army of ten million men, ....he has now 
taken an oath to uphold the Weimar constitution... •• 

**The heavy, intense darkness that enveloped Germany has given way; we see dawn 
upon the horizon, and if we remain united the dawn will mei^e into a beautiful, 
red morning sky— the beginning of a brilliant day of German greatness and 



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I Gr Abendpost, Oct. 20, 1925. 


SDeech of Frau Louise Schroeder 

''••••I have just returned from a workers' meeting, and as I was about to 
leave, several men came up to me and greeted me; they said they were 
neighboring countrjnnen of mine. They had left us in the course of the 
last few years because Germany could not give them work, could not even 
give them bread, and they did not want to live on the relief provided by 
the poor fatherland. They came to this country, to the New World. And 
when I asked them how they were getting along, they clenched their teeth 
and said, •Gutl* Even the highly skilled workmen had to leave us, because 
we could not keep them. And now we must work hard so that our shattered 
fatherland may be restored to health. 

•♦We women in the Reichstag are making it our chief task to secure legislation 
for the rehabilitation of our men, so that they can again find work and so 
that Germany will be in a position to help herself. This can only be achieved 
by economic recovery, and for this we need peace and mutual understanding with 
all nations. We hope that they will help us achieve a real peace — not merely 

in H - 21 - GEBMAN 

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I G Abendpost , Oct, 20, 1925. 


•paper* peace—so that we may eigain become a healthy and a strong nation." 

TtLQii Frau Lang-Brumann spoke as follov/s: '*Dear Brothers and Sisters I Flx)m 
Bavaria, from golden lAinich, I bring you ray people's greetings* Many of you 
know the city of Munich; anyone who has been there once always wants to come 
back again, and this is especially true today, ^en the city is well on its 
way to recovery. And if you rectLly want to help, send a commission to one 
of our Munich artists to encourage him. We Bavarians are Germans, one and 
alll Once I was high up in the mountains. A storm was raging below, but 
soon the dark clouds receded, and it became clear again. And this, my dear 
friends, is just the situation in Germany today—the dark clouds are reced- 
ing, slowly but surely. *• 

Dr. Meidinger delivered the concluding address: **As an Austrian from Czecho- 
slovakia, I bring you greetings from ten million Germans living on foreign 
soil, from men and women torn from the fatherland and handed over to Poland, 
Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, and Rumania. But as long as we maintain our ties 
^ith the fatherlandT^, as long as we preserve our German culture and traditions, 
we shall remain united.** 

Ill H 

Abend ost, !.ny r,. 1923. 
Editorial. A!r:RIC.:I HJSIC HI OJlRKUTif. 

In the fields of science rmd technics 'x lively exch-n^-e between Anerica md 
German}; has been .'.n old custo:.:, v/hos' si^niiicnnco cannot be estiimted too highly. 
Only in the field of art were the relations one sided. Ger.v ny gave, America took. 
Except experts, hardly anybody knew somothin;; of the re 1 native Aineric- n music. 
The reason is '-robablv that the cuanti^v of well known /".mericari composers is verv 
sinn.ll. These lii-'itauions in America h-'-d \;i»^houL doubt an o^nr ssive effect upon 
the American composer and frustrated his creative po\/er. The Amcric'/n music lov- 
ing public v;hich is extraordinarily i-jr^e, i[;;nores ^nly too often their national 
T)ride and orefers I:]urooean music in oroportion of nine to one. Therefore the field 
of his creative power is lii.iited, xkXiQ. the s-aiie thing happens to him as happens to 
the singers, who have to be, in a certain respect, first --ipproved in iiurope, be- 
fore they can count upon '\ lo.r[^er audience in A-r^ric^ . In consideration of these 
conditions, the Chica5;o composer, oimon Bucharoff, is to be complirented for his 
endeavors to span a bridge between American composers and those of Germiany, thereby 
make the German musical spheres attainable to the American, h'is plan is to raise 
a sm-ill fund v^ich will enable the Amorican composer to introduce his works into 

-1 m^ 



Abend post , L: y 5, 1923, 

Bucharoff himseli" prep-^red a v/ay to have the premier performance of his opera 
**Sakahra" in Germany next winter. Me v;ill now v/ith the help oi his local music 
loving friends and pr:tcticing musicians, as Frederick Soock .Vessels, and others, do 
the same for his Chicago fellow artists. His plan includes further the organiza- 
tion of an Iraerican association, v/hich v/ill be accessible to the very eminent Ger- 
man composers and inusical associations in the same way, as /Imericans are permitted 
to enter the German associations, and thereby at t]"e same time, help to check the 
misery of tiie artists. If ohis accomplishment is successful, the exchange 
of musical endeavors would be complete. It really would not natter, how much 
Germany and how much \meric?^ would contribute to this exc}i)nF;e, but much more upon 
the creation of intiL'^p.te mutual exchange in this field of art. That the American 
music would profit by these exchanges is natur':il: certainly such an encpura£;eineiit 
v/oul;i give the composer a wider field of efficip.ncy, and thereby develop a specific. 
American music which at the present time is only in the state' of beginnin^f, and 
v/hich are iiainiy rooted in the ne.rro melodios of the south. Gernmny certainly would 
welcome such undertakings because of their v/illinrness, which has no e^ual, to 
place itself, its knowledge, it:i experience and its sound judgment at the service 
of a movement wiiich concerns one or the other sphere of culture or will serve as a 
further develoToment of sarne. 

Ill H 
I C 
I G 

Abendpost ^ Jan^lS, 1919. 


m o^xjpm.Mi!^ 

In the large auditoriiom of the building in which the Defence Coiincil of 
Illinois has its headquarters, the Friends of German Democracy held a 
meeting yesterday afternoon in order to decide whether they should continue 
their activities as an association in view of the new conditions in Germany 
cau.sed by the revolution and the end of the war. The final decision was in 
favor of continuation of the association, without an extension of their 
past objectives. It was resolved that although the immediate aim of the 
association was accomplished by the conversion of Germany into a republican 
form of government, the conditions there were still so unstable that one 
had to be prepared at any moment to resume activities on a more effective 
basis than ever before. For that reason the association had to be continued 
and the former directors were therefore kept in office* 

The chairman, President Otto C. Butz, reported on the past activities of the 
association. The meeting in March and the distribution of numerous pamphlets 

0' 'O 

I C 
I G 

- 2 - 


Abendpost , Jan. 13, 1919. 


J .  

comprised the main part of the v/ork done so far. Secretary PCarl 
I'athie called special attention to the fact that the past expenditures 
of the association, almost six thousand dollars, v/ere borne exclusively by the 
directors. He then read a number of suggestions for the future program of the 
association. Most of these suggestions had to do v/ith the starting of 
Americanization activities among citizens of German descent. One proposal was 
that the government should select some men who knev/ the Gen:ian language well 
from the ranks of the association, and send them to Germany to help in the 
construction of the new German republic. 

According to a report of the representative of the National Executive-Committee 
of the American Friends of German Democracy in Nev: York, Mr. Carl Collier, 
It xvas decided to continue the association in order to assist the German 
people in establishing a German republic on democratic principles. At the same 
time the association wants to continue its Americaniz;ation program here in 
order to bring the various national groups of America together in friendly 
comradeship, to serve the country, and to adhere to its ideals. 

» ».• 

Ill H - 3 - G3RMAM 


I C Ab endpost y Jan. 13, 1919. 

I G 

IV After a lively debate the above-mentioned resolution was adopted and 
the former directors, Otto C. Butz, Otto Schulz, 0. G. Hottinger, 

.Frank L. Roenitz and Karl kathie were unanimously re-elected. 

Ill H 
III B 1 
V A 1 
I G 


Abendpo3t , Dec. 19, 1918. 

a: B^.j.ij' CiT iii::nc i:.:iiv;^ l.u:d 


"■^ o.„L,; n;UJww^.:; 

Shortly before i-resident ..ilson er.ibarked for iiXirope, a cormaittee of Transyl- 
vanian Jaxons (Siebenbuerger Sachsen) of Chicago called on hin aiid handed hin 
a memorial containing a v;ell-founded protest against the annexation of Transyl- 
vania by pjomania, nov; that frontiers in rJurope are going to be revamped, x resi- 
dent .-ilson assured the coiinnittee that he v.ould study the memorial closely on 
his trip over, and would ponder carefully the ar^niments contained therein. 

The local Transylvanian oaxons have called a mass meeting of their fellov/ nation- 
als and of German-speaking Hungarians for ^unday, December 29, at oiebens Hall, 
1457 Glybourn ^ivenue. ^^t the meeting, speeches and resolutions are to be made. 
,^ proclamation prepared for this purpose, v;riich, in its principal parts, is 
identical with the memorial handed to i resident ..ilson, states: 

"Follovang the excomple of our blood brothers in many cities of our adopted 
ountry, v/e, too, v.lsh to hold a mass 'Tieeting. During these hard and critical 

Ill H - 2 - SSRi^L^N 

III B 1 

V A 1 Abend£OSt, Dec. 19, 1918. 

I Gr 

timas, do we have to go into details about the purpose of this meeting? 
Does not everyone of you know what is at stake? Is it not the protection 
of our national identity (Volkstum) against the encroachments of other 
nationalities? And isn't that one of our most sacred duties, v/hich none 
of us must shirk? 

^Everyone of you is familiar with our history, which furnishes proof that 
we are entitled to independence and self-government. These* are historic 
facts which can easily be proven by documents in the libraries of Transyl- 
vania. From 1141 until 1395, the Rumanians in Transylvania, where our fore- 
fathers found a second horae, are not mentioned at all and no traces of them 
can be found. The assumption that Transylvania ever belonged to Rumania can- 
not be substantiated by any historic fact. Transylvania is Saxon soil, guarded 
from generation to generation by our heroic ancestors as a sacred heritage. 
Only the numerous wars fought by Hungary, v;ith their inevitable bloody sacrifices, 
have made the Saxon population of Transylvania a minority. But our democratic ^ 

Ill H - 3 - ' GERI^L^I 

III B 1 

V A 1 Abendpost, Dec. 19, 1918. 

I G 

spirit was ever on the alert, and it is this same spirit v;hich prompts us 
now to protest most vehemently against the statement, made in part of the 
press, that Transylvania was once a part of the Kingdom of Rumania, ^uid 
even in 1867, when Transylvania was taken over by Hungary, it v;as done xvith 
the understanding that the rights and privileges of the Saxon people would 
not be violated. 

^It would, therefore, not only be unfair but also in contradiction to the 
peace cbjectivec of our President if a small but progressive nation, which 
is eager to assume its place in the world, should be compelled to become, in 
the future, a part of a backward and patriarchal nation like Rumania. In 
order to enlighten our fellov; citizens in the United States about the true 
state of affairs, v/e therefore want to nake public protest, v:hich is in har- 
mony with the justice our President desires, against th annexation of Transyl- 
vania by Rumania; and at the saiae time we demand that Transylvania be made a 
free republic, with self-determination. V.'e protest on behalf of over 30,000 


IH H - 4 - GERMAN 

III B 1 

V A 1 Abendpost > Dec. 19, 1918. 

I G 

Transylvanian Saxons who live in the United States. ;ve demand a just and 
adequate treatment for all the three nationalities of Transylvania, for the 
Saxons, the Rumanians, and the Hungarians, as v;ell as the preservation of 
their languages and customs. 

"In view of historical facts, explained and set forth in a memorial to the 
President of the United States, a request has been made that the Transylvanian 
Saxons also be permitted to represent their interests at the Peace Conference, 
We ask for this favor because we firmly beliere in the democracy our President 
stands for, and in his determination to protect the rights of small nations. 
But in order to give this memorial added v/eight and importance we think it 
necessary to hold a mass meeting at vdiich we publicly announce our objectives 
to all the world. TMs meeting we shall hold on Sunday, December 29. Effective 
speakers will argue for our cause; among others. Brother Loepprich, who acted 
as our delegate in V^'ashington and has just returned from there. 

"The Committee 

(signed) J. N. Ivlarkel, Fritz hientz, chairmen Andreas V/eber, Georg Daniel, 
Georg Schnell, John Schneider, M. Edling.'' 



I G Abendpost . Dec. 2, 1918. 

I C 


(Letter by Dr. Michael Schwiiuner to the Editor) 

Our homeland is temporarily defeated and is suffering under the heavy blows 
of fate. History teaches us that liberty for the people can never be gained 
except at the cost of great sacrifices. The highest objective for our home- 
land is a Germany free in every respect. The segregation of the people into 
classes, as unfortunately has been the case in Germany, is unworthy of a pro- 
gressive people and therefore had to be crushed by force just as anything 
should be that is obsolete and reminiscent of slavery. No matter how hard the 
internal struggle is at present, Germany will not remain prostrate and inactive, 
for the intelligence with v^ftiich these people are endowed cannot be suppressed, 
but will help in the resuirection of a free German people with spiritual 
strength. Together with internal and external peace, and the friendship of all 
other nations in the world, there will also return an indefatigable will to 
achieve reconstruction, which will promote prosperity and which is, to a mar] 
degree, the characteristic trait of the German nation. 

Ill H 
I G 
I C 

- 2 - 

Abendpost > Dec, 2, 1918« 


Even if Germany has to adjust her boundaries, those vdio are separated 
from the fatherland will always do their part and will always be loyal 
to their homeland, to which they ov;e their culture and customs. Let the 
haters of everything German (and they are certainly not burdened with in- 
telligence) rave and slander and suppress. I will say this to these stupid 
maniacs, that nobody can take away from the German people their achievements 
and accomplishments in science, by which the whole world has profited. This 
fact will surely be reckoned with at the peace conference, and America, 
especially, will have a word to say about it, for it is to the best interests 
of this country that Germany, as a people and nation, occupy that place among 
peoples vdiich it deserves. Therefore, fellow citizens, both men and women, who, 
by your intelligence and industry, have helped to make this country idiat it is, 
let the wolves howl. Nature did not provide any better means for them to make 
themselves recognized for what they are, but, with all their howling, they will 
not prevent our homeland from living again in peace without hate. To ourselves 


Ill H - 3 - GERLliiN 


I G Abendpost , Dec, 2, 1918. 

I C 

in particular, and to the rest of the world, a nev; and free Germany 
will be born, which may remain the freest nation of them all. 

Brothers and sisters, for your own sake and for that of your adopted country, 
learn to be proud of your origin. Do your duty toward America to the best of 
your ability, for this land, your new home, means the most to you, but stand 
up for your rights and do not apologize' for your origin. Be proud of what the 
German-Americans have contributed to this country and to its development. Let 
me mention only a few things. Among 1,740,000 farm ov/ners there are 585,000 
of German descent, and these produce more grain than all others combined. Are 
these industrious people not the greatest asset to this country? And German 
diligence, knowledge, and perseverance make even a better showing in industry. 
Only people as blind as bats fail to recognize the assets v;hich America has 
gained by the influx of the Germans. Preserve your customs and habits; love 
your native tongue; keep a German newspaper lest you forget to think in German 
and, by doing so, America, our nev; home, will profit, for German customs and 
habits have proved to have more moral effect in this country than all other good 
or dubious remedies put together. If our native land was hated by many natio 

Ill H - 4 - GERMAN 


I G Abendpost , Dec, 2, 1918. 

I C 

certainly it ims not the German people who were to blame, and, by cele- 
brating peace here we will at the same time celebrate the resurrection 
of a free Germany. President Wilson will redeem his promise at the con- 
ference table, and will remember his statement that he respects the German 
people but did not have any confidence in their government. Let us, there- 
fore, not become discouraged. The world will be so arranged that every nation 
will be given the opportunity to prove its worth. In this way neither our 
native land nor our new homeland ¥ri.ll be at a disadvantage. 

Ill H 
I E 


AbendDOst , Kov. 13, 1918. 

oGCIaLI3T RUL.^ IN O^Z^ilsTf 


At present, revolution is in full p.v/in:* over therein Genaany, and nobody 
can tell v;ith certai ity in v/hat f or:ri the nev/ Geman phoenix villi rise out 
of the ashes of its huiiiiliation. That will deoend, to a large extent, on 
the men whoiii fate ha > put at the helm of the Genran ship oi* state, and 
their ability to guide her throu.'-h the rapids and brin{^ her safely into 
port. The present leaders of the Geriaan people are scarcely knovm outside 
the boundaries of their homeland. je onl:^ Icnovj t'.at they are social demo- 
crats. Their intentions and plan3 are knovm only in general and no details 
are available. There is no doubt that f ey -.vill try to establish a people's 
government, a govermrient by the people and for the people. But the social 
deiriocrats themselves do not seera to agree on the methods to be employt^d in 

ri p'^l ' "^ 



III IT - 2 - 

I j: 

^bendT)ost , Nov. 13, 191H. 
the attaininent of this ^oal. 

riccordin^ to nev/spaper re^orts_^ it to b9 evident that the so-called 
Independent social De^nocruts /Translators note: The ^'independent" social 
democrits \vere the left van - of the -Jociai-Dernocratic party. They originally 
belon.^';ed uo the latter, but then separated and themselves "inde;;^endent" 
in the parliaiTient^JT* have the establishrent of a pure socialist republic in 
mind, and would like to exclude all ooher T:>olitical ^^arties from participation 
in the rrovernnent. The attitude r^rompoin^r sucli an intention, if it actually 
does exist, is foolish to a hi'-h lo'-ree, but huranly understandable, be- 
cause, by that action, the »»reds" v;ould be payi lo: bac;: the "bourp:eois" 
parties in the sane coin that has been handed out to them for decades. Until 
the war there v/ere, in tlie German Reich, no hi :h frovernrr.ent officials with 
a red political tint. In the srnaller states the -e may have ueen exceptions 
to this rule. i:evertheless, the exclusion of the middle-class narties 

Ill 11 - 3 - aiilRI-AlT 

iibendr).)st, i.ov. 13, 1918. 

from the .^pvernnent ?:ould be the most stupid thinr' the socialists could 
do. Tv/o -ironr.s never na]<:e a rirlit. If the social democr ts should nov; 
enrage in a policy of r^ven^^e ar-ainst those loarties v/hich formerly c-ar'--ed 
and rp.altreated theii, tney woul" only rove taat Jiiev are not a :^'it better, 
than tlieir opponents. Under their -overnnent the saiae class rule v/ould 
•prevail in uhe country that orevailed under the eld re-ifie, the only 
difference bein^- that those v;ho vjere Tor :erly "underdOr's" ;';ould becoiriO 
"tor; do-^s". That v/oulcl. of course be a '^^reat satisfaction to the 
£the social democrat^/' , but it could hardly be called a democracy or a 
/rovernr.ent of the eeo-^e, by the -eonle, and for tiie people. It v/ould be 
the rule of those classes vjhich, in tiie ^ernan I^eicn have, until nov;, been 
called the lov/er classes. A renuine -)ecnle»s ^-overn^nent , on the other 
hand, v/ould have to include all. classes of uhe -■eo^^le. For this reason 
it is hiyhly desirable thn ^rer:ian socialists should not establish a_ 
one-sided, "red" reeublic. For such a re-j.blic could not endure for any 

(5 m - 

Ill H 

' J -L it 

AbendT>ost, :iov. 13, 1918. 

  ^■i» tm m      

vould deny o-art or the ^.eonle their right of 

len':th or 

self-determination and ;ould tliUS ronent rebellion a':ainot those in -ovier 

and eventually culriinate in a hlood-/ civil 'var. 

But, ac 77e have already rientioned, the social deiocnts have not a.^reed 
ainom: themselves on any bhinr. yet. :e h.)ne ohat tlie T.oderate *'conrades'^, 
v/ho have for some tiv.-.e co-ooe:;-ated v;ith the ycvern.Tent v.^hich has just been 
deposed in order to thi neor)le's interests not only in theory, out 
in a :jracuical v;ay, and vjho have r-hovn v od jud-nent and tact, v;ill take 
-attors into their o-\ti I'ands and cur^ th-^ir -^ild bro^/.^ers, il* .hey should 
shov; any 3olshevih tendencies. Before the v;ar t^.e 'Vioderate conrades", i.e., 
those that had under-;one a ->oiitical "in ultin:-" and had suit '^ravinr", 
formed -^Teat majority of the ^reman social de:nocracy. Tne war could 
hardly have lessened their natriotic sentiments. It' can tlierefore be exoected 
today that the sense and patriotism of -Gho moderates ..ill finally rain vie Lory 
over the ;vilu nlans and schemes of ttose ::ho v^-her around LiebVmecht. *■ 

Ill H - 5 - 2MM 


AbendTOOst, Nov. 13, 19 18, 

Liebkneclit has liis iierits. Ferhans, if he :iad not carried on asitatiou, 
and if his dire T^reaicti; s had not co.iie true, and the masses, led astray 
by the Junkers, had not realized th-. truth at last, the wliticai upheaval 
in aer:;:aiiy v;ould not have been carried out o nuichly and almost v/it..out 
bloodshed. But if he should nov; antar-oni -e those aer.-iians who ar-:: not 
socialist in their s:AnT)athies, by his narrov;-minded and one-sided dogmatisra, 
he could hardl^^ be callen a clever and ex^)erienced -politician,' v/hich v;e v;ould 
like the leaders of the Oerraan DOO^le to b-. 7e shall soon see of v;hat 
calibre he is. Only an extensive refoiri, v;ithout nartiality or -privileges, 
can make a nenuine people* s state out of Geriiany. 

Ill H 


Abendpost , Oct. 31, 1918. 



Germany has really started to become democratic if we can believe reports 
and rumors from abroad. The chancellor and ministers of the Heich will be 
responsible to the people from now on, and the chancellor will remain in 
office only as long as he enjoys a majority in the Reichstag. The army high 
command and the army administration will, in the future, be subordinated to 
the chancellor and the civil authorities; and these in turn are accountable 
to parliament, i. e. , the people. It is also said that the power to decide 
about war and peace has been transferred from the Kaiser to the Reichstag. 
These reforms, if true, would certainly put the relationship of the German 
people to its government on an entirely different basis. However, if the 
government is to become a real government of the people, all these constitu- 
tional changes are insufficient unless they are accompanied by a decisive 

JII H - 2 - GamfAN 

Abendpoat , Oct. 31, 1918. 

reform of the Bundesrat (federal council). /Translators note: In the fed- 
eral council, all German kingdoms, grand duchies, duchies, principalities 
and so on were represented^ As long as the Bundesrat remains in its pres- 
ent form, with its present privileges, the German people will not be the ab- 
solute master of its fate. The Bundesrat is in as great need of reform as 
was the Prussian Diet* 

The Bundesrat is not, as so many people over here still believe, a real rep- 
resentative of all the German states, but represents only the governments of 
these states, in other v/ords, their rulers, who can give instructions to 
their representatives in the Bundesrat, without consulting the desires or in- 
terests of their people. The King of Prussia, for instance, has never in- 
quired of the (Prussian) Diet how the Prussian representatives to the Bundesrat 
were instructed (by the people) to vote on important questions, but on the con- 
trary has not hesitated to give them his own instructions and thereby put him- 
self in open conflict with the will of the people. Now that the people are 

lll_^ - 3 - . CSmMIT 

Abendpost , Oct. 31, 1918. 

introducing reforms, they may as well put a stop to this arbitrary procedure 
also. The members of the Bundesrat must become true representatives of the 
people of the different states; must receive their instructions from them, 
and their mandates from their own parliaments. Of course it would be still 
better, if they were elected directly by the population of the various states 
and received no instructions other than those of the people. Only in this 
way can the Bundesrat become a part of a true parliament. As it is now, all 
the representative of a state are obliged to cast their votes alike in any 
particular matter, regardless of their personal opinion. 

The authority must also be abolished which the Kaiser exercised in the Bundesrat 
as King of Prussia, by virtue of the articles of the constitution still in ef- 
fect. It is true that Prussia has only seventeen out of fifty-eight votes in 
the Bundesrat, which is not much if we consider the size of its territory and 
the density of its population; but according to Article Seventy-Eight of the 
Constitution of the Reich, any constitutional changes are automatically rejected 

"^ ffif.n. 

Ill H 

-r 4 - 


Abendpost, Oct. 31, 1918 • 

if fourteen votes are cast against the proposal. Prussia alone can there- 
fore prevent any change in the Constitution at any time. '^Prussia** was so 
far only and solely the King of Prussia, or rather the Prussian Junker, whose 
interests alone counted. Besides, the Prussian votes, alone, in the Bund- 
esrat, were sufficient to reject all proposed changes in regard to military 
and naval matters, or in the customs regulations and the tobacco, salt, 
liquor, beer, and sugar tax (Article Thirty-Five of the Constitution of the 
Reich) ; and all changes in regard to the administration and execution of the 
customs and tax laws, as well as the dissolution of the Reichstag while it 
is in session: For all decisions on these subjects the consent of Prussia 
was absolutely essential, not on account of its greater population or terri- 
tory, but only because it had reserved this privilege at the time the Reich- 
stag was established. If the authorized members of the Bundesrat were the 
representatives of the people instead of the representatives of the regents, 
and if they were not sent to Berlin with sealed instructions, but were al- 
lowed to make their decisions on any matter as real members of parliament 

Ill H - 5 - (SSRIJAK 

Abendpost, Oct* 31, 1918. 

according to their best knowledge and conscience, the general interests of 
the country would undoubtedly be better served than they have been up to 
the present time. As it is one person, and an irresponsible one at that, 
namely the King of Prussia, has the final decision on many important prob- 
lems and each time the votes are cast he controls at least seventeen of them. 

The best solution would probably be a conversion of the Bundesrat into a 
kind of upper chamber of the Reichstag, patterned after our own federal sen- 
ate. In view of the great variance in size and population of the various 
(German) states, it wo\ild hardly do to grant them equal representation in 
the upper chamber as is the case in the United States. The equality should 
rather be relative and in proportion to the size of the state. With a pop- 
ulation of sixty-six million inhabitants, counting one Bundesrat member for 
each million or fraction thereof, Prussia would have forty-one, Bavaria seven. 
Saxony five, Wuerttemberg and Baden three each, Hesse and Hamburg two each, 
and all the rest of the states one representative each. That would make 


Ill H 

- 6 - 


Abendpoat . Oct, 31, 1918. 

altogether » without Alsace-Lorraine, which at present is not represented at 
all in the Bundesrat, eighty-one Bundesrat members, of whom forty-one would 
be elected in Prussia which, even under this arrangement, would still have 
the majority* But that would do no harm, for Prussia is a large territory 
and its population has extensive and diversified interests. The forty-one 
Prussian votes would hardly ever be in solid opposition to the others and, 
if they ever were, they would also have the overwhelming majority of the 
German people behind them. 


in H 


Dally JevTlsh Courier , Jiine 22, 1917 • , 


The Koelnische Zeitung , one of the most siPinificant^ewsDaper^T'iJi 
Germany, has recently complimented our Gterman-American fellow- 
citizens, for which the latter will extend gratitude, tof^ether with 
a thunderbolt, to the newspaper. The paper published the following 
announcement : 

''Our best assistants are the Germans in the United States. Their 
direct influence on matters of war, as they exist now, is in- 
valuable to the Vaterland. They introduce a basis of restraints 
and considerations to public opinion which has often embarrassed 
Ivlr. V/ilson." 

Ill H - 2 - .2£^2i 

Daily Jew- ^sh Courier , June 22 , 1917 . 

The larpie mass of German-Americans in America will derive very- 
little pleasure from such a cPmpllment. The statement, coming 
from a Vaterland newspaper, claiming that the Germian -Americans 
help Oermany throui^h the influence set motion by them in the 
United States, would probably befit an lilnglish, French, or 
Russian newspaper* V/hen a paper, v/hich is published in Keln, 
and which is considered as an official newspaper, makes such a 
statement, it is apt to do a lot of harm to the Germans in 
America and to abate the influence which is considered, by the 
Koelnische Zeitung , so invaluable to the Vaterland. 

It is not necessary to dolve into any inquiries as to whether or 
not the •»Qompliment»* i s well earned. IVe are very far from accusing 

;■ -  If 

Ill H 

- 3 - GERHIAN 

'J r^ 

Dally Jewish Gfturier , Jiine 22, 1917 • 

a race of conspiracy. The large masses of German-American, we are 

sure, are loyal to America. There Is no doubt, however, that the 

ggglnli^che 2;git.ugg tvyhlch Is well Informed, speaks with certainty; 

that a certain portion of the German-^Araerlcan population exercise f^"^ 

their Influence to benefit the Vaterland not because they want to 

play the role of conspirators to iimerica, but for the reason that 

'•blood Is thicker than water.** . V 

We are most interested in this point, because it unveils the 

vanity and falseness of all assimilated philosophies and imaginations. 

In times of peace we prate about International brotherhood, about 
doing away with nations and races, and some Utopians go as far as 
to advocate the annihilation of languages. As soon as a controversy 

- 4 - 



Dally Jewish Courier , June 22 , 1917 • 

arises in which people take different stands, all philosophies ex- 
plode, and like the material in a chemical flask, the different element 
dissolve. Like flock together according to their natural relationship. 

This is a t>oint which our own assimilated critics should take to heart. 

Ill H aiJIRrvIAIT 

I G 

ibendpost , Feb. 16, 1916. 

TRUTH ;j^]i:' fiction 

Louis Guenzel V/ill Not Change L!ap of ^ilast Russia 

A local American morning paper prints the world-terrifying news that the 
Chicago architect Louis Guenzel has been chosen to revise the map of East 
Russia. That's just what the paper announces. 

Mr. Guenzel informed a reporter of the ^bendpost today that the Alliance 
for the Aid of Eastern Prussia co.iuiissioned him to drav; the plans for 
Hagnit, a locality southwest of Tilsit, in -liastern Prussia. The German 
governraent has bequc^athed the war godfathership to the aforesaid association 
and the architect, incidentally, has also been asked to supervise the con- 
struction. The to;vnship of Hagnit had 34,000 inhabitants prior to the 
Russian occupation. Five thousand residents of the city of Ra^piit and at 
least four thousand people from several villages in the district v/ere 
dragged into Russia, where most of them disappeared. The Russians also 


ilLii - 2 - (J3RL![A1.I 
I G 

. Aendpost . Feb. 16, 1916. 
did much daraage in this territory. 

At prosent Llr. Guenzel has no idea of the re^iuirements, neither is he 
informed about the nev/ public and private dwellings v/hich must be 
erected, since a detailed report of the aennan adi.iini strati on > which 
was due in November, has not arrived. It undoubtedly enjoys jln-^lish 
hospitality, .is -j:. Guenzel cannot travel to Germany now, becau e of 
easily definable reasons, further decisions must be held in abeyance. 
The preliminary work here requires maps, topographic photo^^,raphs, then 
a declaration about arms, and elucidation on a hundred subjects, v;hich 
at present are interwoven in an undertaking or this kind. If the G^erman 
officials are willing to wait until after the -ar, then 'r. Guenzel vrill 
travel to Germany and reraain there, either to coiaolete the renc^ation, or 
at least long encu^^h to enable some representative to continue it according 
to the original conception. 

Otherwise the nev/s of the morning paper is given correctly. 


Ill H 


II B 2 d (1) 

I G Abendpost , Feb. 12, 1916« 

b:^3^G3»s heroic duisd 

Abendpost Closes the Collection To-night, /This is an iterii published several 
times in the Abendpost . Lieutenant Berge and his crew, after capturing the 
British -Liner '^Appam" on the high seas and evading the English fleet, brought 
the vessel to Norfolk, Va. As a re:vard for this daring and successful venture, 
a collection headed by tho Abendpost v;as started by Chicago Germans. Transl^ 

As the bour of departure for Lieutensuit Berge and his brave men cannot be fore- 
told, it behooves us to close the collection this evening. Thus f&r the sum 
of 1,200 marks has been realized. The xibendpost will mail a check for the 
total amount to Lieutenant Berge tonight. Since our last statem^:rnt of 
accounts went to press, the following suras have been received:. 

Ladies* Club of former Soldiers of the German .irmy and Ivlarines, §5; John 

/ - '. 

II B 2 d (1) 

I Or Abendpost . Feb- 12, 1916. 

Trebes, $1; German Veterans of Chicago §10. This makes the total amount 

Ill H 
I G 


Abendpost . Feb. 12^ 1916. 


A reporter of the Abendpost elicited detailed information regarding the 
Fhysioiana* Expedition to Germany* This is the third expedition which 
the German-Americans are sending to the Fatherland, and the first which 
has been organized in Chicago* 

Dr« Harry M« Richter, a staff-physician of the Wesley Hospital, said: 
**We shall leave on Monday, February 14, 1916, on the ^Twentieth Century 
Limited* for New York and then take passage on the steamer * Oscar II,* of 
Ford Peace Commission fame* From Copenhagen, our point of debarkation, 
we leave for Berlin, and thence to our final destinatioi^, Oppeln, in Upper 

Doctor Richter, leader of the expedition, will be accompanied by two assistants 
and two nurses from Chicago, one assistant and two nurses from New York, and 


III H - 2 - GEFaiAN 

I G 

Abendpost , Feb. 12, 1916 • 

his wife, who is a professional nurse* 

••This personnel," declared Doctor Richter, "is only the nucleus of a much 
larger farce, which will be added later in Germany, probably seventy-five 
people. Our sojourn in Germany is scheduled for six months at present, 
but may be prolonged to eight months or more.** 

The expedition will be financed through the efforts of the American Physicians^ 
Committee, with headquarters in New York. Donations are given by Germans and 
German sympathizers. The enterprise is independent of the Red Cross. The latter 
makes sure, however, that only hospital supplies are shipped. 

Doctor Richter emphasizes particularly that the departure of the expedition 
does not signify the discontinuance of all collections; to the contrary, the 
means should be provided to organize another, and a Chicago Committee is to 
be formed for that purpose. 


Ill H - 3 - GERMAN 

I G 

Abeiidpost > Feb, 12, 1916 • 

Until further notice, contributions may be sent to the treasurer at head- 
quarters, Hermann Uetz, 122 Hudson Street, New York City, N, Y. 


I C 

I G 


Illinois Staats Zeitun^ ^ July S, I915. 


Under the caption, Fie, Mr. von Jagow, the newspaper Herald published yester- 
day an editorial. This Anglo-American paper pays the German Secretary of 
State admiring praises, for his having expressed himself, face to fao§ to 
Miss Jane Addams, that the United States were lawfully and morally fully 
justified, in supplying arms to Germany's allied enemies. The ie, Mr. 
Jagow, is naturally meant ironically, and does not refer to Germany, but 
to German-Americans • "It is really depressing, opines the paper, in a 
witty ironical manner that such a prominent official, the undersecretary 
of the German foreign office, stand under such impressions. It is also 
surprising, that he is not sufficiently enterprising, to draw more correct 
information, from the different authoritative explanations, v/hich are pub- 
lished from time to time on this side of the waters. 

'o • ^• 

- 2 - \:A^"'' toV GERMAN 



Illinois Staats Zeitung t July 8, 1915* 

If Mr» von Jagow, had paid the necessary attention, to the treatment of the 
subject by experts on this side, he would have been convinced that the 
United States is treading on every divine and human right, by supplying 
the allies with arms and munition, through which act it becomes the murderer 
of innocent people* ffe, who intercede for prohibition of the arms export, 
and in the export of arms, perceive an outrage against higher human feelings, 
should simply consider ourselves destroyed, through the clumsy irony of 
our contemporary Anglo-American press. And we should be deeply ashamed, by 
the concluding words of that article, which saysi '•But Mr. von Jagow is 
only the German Secretary of State of the foreign office, and it cannot 
be expected of him, that he should show such interest in these questions, or 
come to such conclusions as our cis-Atlantic experts. •* 


- 3 - V^c/ y GERMAN 

Illinois Staats Zeitung < July 8, 1915* 

That Mr. von Jagow acknowledges the lawful right of our republic to the 
exportation of arms, proves, that Germany and its government, bows before 
the law, even if its tip is pointed against the German people. And this 
acknowledgment of the rights of neutral America, to support its enemies 
extensively, should teach the American people, to have more respect for 
the character of the Germans, whom they pictured - since the beginning 
of the war - as nothing else but a law breaking horde of savages. 

And we Americans of German descent, who ixt all times interceded for Ameri- 
can ideals, even on the battle field, we American citizens of Germem 
descent want to appear before the world as living testimonial, that the 
purveyors of arms, and the British nev/spapers, printed on American soil 
do not represent the v/hole of the American people, and that the majority 
of this people, if it had to choose between cold right, and one originate 
ing from higher morals of v/arm human duty, would renounce the right, in 

- 4 - K-z.^' k> GERiiAN 

Illinois Staats Zeitunp:t July 8, 1915 • 

order to satisfy the moral and human duty. Just like in social life, 
many people within the border of the law, and their undeniable right, 
commit inhuman acts, for v/hich no earthly judge can hold them responsible, 
but through its execution, in the sense of social morals, they are branded 
as criminals, the same way a nation might, within the border of undeniable 
right, act inhumanly, and thereby provoke the reproach of national 
immorality upon its elf • 

And the American people acts, while taking advant ge of a right, which of 
course assures a financial profit - for the moment. The moral loss will 
be of lasting effect, if we do not change our comprehension, about right 
and duty.... ••To bring about tr is change, we Americans of German descent 
consider it our sacred task, unconcerned about v;hat llr. von Jagow, or the 
editorial of the Chicago Herald might say. 


^^^ ^ . GERMNV^d-" ^ 
I G ^'^- 

Illinois Staats Zeitung; ^ April, 30, 1915 • 


The American Press does not cease to attack the Gernan eunbassador for publishing 
the memorandum, submitted to the Department of State, and to announce his inten- 
tions as vanting to influence us German Americeuis to take up a position against 
our, the American, government. The untruthfulness of the American Press, its 
aim to distort facts, is clearly shown again. They forget that at the time when 
the German government acknowledged the right to export firearms, they accused 
us German Americans of treason, in spite of the f«ct that we took up a position 
against the measure, and one of our charming colleagues went even so far as to 
propose that the German Americans and Irishmen should be disfranchised. This 
proves that we did not need any encouragement on the part of the German Ambass- 
ador to express our indigantion over the un-neutral as well as inhuman arms 
trade. The renewed baiting, which rages in the columns of the Anglo-American 
Press not only against the German Ambassador, but also against the citizens of 
German descent, seems in some circles, as we can notice from exchange news- 
papers, to have caused eui uneasiness which can only be called a weakness of the 
knee, ^e feel obliged to call out to them, that we, in the fight for right, in 
the fight for the moral esteem of our adopted, and the justified interest of the 
country of our birth can not be intimidated. We must stick together closer 
than ever before. Not only Germany's interests are at stake, but also our 








Illinois Staats Zeit ung^ April 30, 1915. 

future in the country of our choice. And if hesitation, if a weakness should 
overcome us, let us remember our brothers in the old fatherland. We read in a 
newspaper from over there: Awonderful word has been coined by the war in the 
Get&in Country, a word, that, like no other one, expresses the sublime spirit, 
and the firm will of our German brothers for the final victory, the words: 
••hold out to the last'*. These are wonderful words, which at this moment rule 
sixty six million Germans and reminds them to put forward the maximum of strength 
and endurance, not to waver a moment, and to carry it through even in the face 
of the greatest obstacles. '•Hold out to the last", this should also be the pass 
word for us German Americans, which shows us the road on vhich we have to walk, 
firmly and with strong steps, not only in the interest of the slandered, and 
from all sides persecuted, land of our birth, not only in our interest and for 
the future of our children, but also in the interest of this Republic, to which 
belong our strength and our deepest feelings. 

Ill H ffijMAN 

III B 1 

I G Denni lilasatel , Kov. 24, 1914. 

I C (Bohemian) 



Our dear neighbors, the Germans, should finally be coming to the realization 
that, while they play the leading part in variou^i large and sioall cities and 
have much influence in some states, they have no influence upon our national 
administration, and especially the trend of its forei£;n policies. L'othine 
can change this fact, not even the threats with which they bombard President 
l^/ilcon and Secretary of State Bryan. And the pressure they are trying to ex- ^J? 
ercise upon public opinion will avail them nothinc either. The United States o 
government, thank God, is not yet controlled from Berlin, and v/ill not be for '^ 
a long time to cone. Kr. Wilson and Llr. Bryan are certainly men who can be § 
driven from their chosen path by any threats, once they have decided that ^" 
their path is the correct one, the only one profitable to our country, and 
that the threats are idle and of no importance. 




m H - 2 - GSm^^N 
III B 1 

I G Denni Hlasatel > Nov. 24, 1914. 

I C (Bohemian) 

Chicago Germans take good care to acquaint the English read- 
ing public with their viewpoint, which they support entirely by distorting 
the truth. To this end, many German nev/spapers publish articles daily in the 
English language. They have founded the weekly Fatherland which is sent free 
of charge to anybody whose address they can learn. We shall not waste time by 
telling our readers what that paper has to say about the Russians, the French, 
and the Englishmen. Everybody can guess that they are described there in the 
most revolting and vicious manner. All that we shall say is that the paper 
tries to influence President .Vilson and his administration by misinterpreta- 
tions of various hax^penings in America's inner political life, and tries to ^ 
browbeat the 7/ashington government into a friendly attitude toward Berlin — ^ 
Vienna has become a meaningless appendage to the Geiirian capital. 

J^ere nine paragraphs translated from The Fatherland and dealing v;ith the 
alleged interference of England with our overseas trade and with an analysis 
of election results are omitted in translation./ 




Ill H - 3 - GZR!;:AM 

III 5 1 

I G Denni Hlasatel , Nov, 24, 1914. 

I C (Bohenian) 

The article is full of threats and accusations. But the 
accusations are .vithout any foundation, and the threats are futile and 
vain. Cur adninistration does not take side with either of the warrinf^ 
parties and it car^not help it that our trade with Ger^xany has been made 
impossible, .vhile our ships are reaching England, Fiance, and Russia \vith- ::^ 
out any trouble. It is because our coveminent endeavors to protect our 
overseas trade tliat it is tryin^-:- to settle peacefully all differences aris- 
ing fron the interpretation of international lav;s concernin^^ neutral coun- 
tries in v/artimes. But, after all, the Germans have no ripht to talk on g; 
behalf of the inajority of the Ainerican nation. The rnajority of our nation 
is friendly to England and her allies in this v;ar, at least as far as its 
attitude toward the misdeeds Germany has been and is committing: is concerned. c? 
It cannot be bamboozled by the German press, wnich expresses itself here 
frequently in a more arrof^ant manner than nev/spapers appearing in Berlin or 
Vienna would dare. 

We consider the result of the recent alectioii an expression of full confidence 


V — 

Ill H - 4 - GIiiKjilT 

III E 1 

I G Denni Hlasai:el > Nov. 24, 1914 • 

I G (Bohemian) 

in President 7/il?on and Secretary of State Bryan by a large 
majority of the American people. We hope that the attack by the Germans 
will not have the least influence upon our {rov eminent , which has chosen 
the proper policy and is maintaining our neutrality in a way that Germany 
would never maintain if Germany were in our place. 




I G Denni Hlasatel > Kov. IS, 1914. 



Our Gerinans are inaliciously attacking Secretary of State Bryan for his -6 
valiant efforts to maintain peace, to uphold the neutrality of our country, .^^ 
and thus save us all the terrible happenings whose scene is present-day P 
Europe. They abuse him, call him "the most devoted servant of England,'* "^ 
although not even the German government has yet found the slightest reason ^ 
to protest any violation, of neutrality by our country'-. It is evident that 
some of our Germans are more Germanic than the German government itself, 
which is a most peculiar quality to find in American citizens and is bound 
to start suspicious thoughts of this peculiarity in other American citizens. 
In the Day Book , we read the other day a letter from V/isconsin in which its 
writer, a lady, describes the fanatical ways of Germans in her vicinity, who 
proclaim openly that they would take a stand against our Republic if war 
between Germany and the United States should break out. They would ^o with 

Ill, H - 2 - GSmtAlNl ^ 

III A ^ 

I G Denni Hlasatel , Nov. 18, 1914. ^ 


their own ^aterland". Such fanaticism may do a great deal of harm not only -^ 
to American Germans, but to all European immigrants. S 





Ill H 

I C 

Illinois StFPts Zeitung, September TO, 1914. 



mOmi'm 30275 

It appears as if the most De-nocr&tic Crovernment of all countries has made it a 
principle to muzzle the Germ£^n citizen of this country rnd force him to 
acceot insults end humilations without protest. The r:laves vrere permitted to 
trample down German and Austrian fla-gs rnd the neutral Secretary of State, 
Bryan gave a v/illinp- ef:r to the lies told him» Th-^ Anglo- American newspapers 
are permitted to ou'nlish infl^mna'ory articles by British authors as Sir A. 
ConaJi Doyle, H^ll Caine, etc. A Belgium Delegation was permitted an interview 
with President Wilson to submit their lies or cruelties eno atrocities tp a 
neutral country* American diplomats were permitted openly to express their 
views and official buildings showed the British fla^s. Americans can sell all 
Ifind of wax materials, ajnnunition, food, etc., to Germamys enemies. Our neutral 
administration does not ob,-iect to this violation of neutrality. If a German 
however defends the violation of his rights he will be muzzled, as he is an 
enemy of America because he violates the neutrality. If the editor of this 
paper protests in the name of ten thousand petitioners, who wish to prevent the 
publication of the lies and libels, he gets no audience v;ith President Wilson* 
Are we German citizens outlawed in this country? And shall we keep 

- 2 - 


I C 

Illinois Staats Zeltuiyj^ S eptember 30, 1914, 

"WPA (ill-l Fi'^'^-'i- 50-/^ 

quite after this treatment? Today's ne;7s from Washington states that , 
President Wilson will censure Congressman Ricnardt 3artholdt because of his 
speech made in New York* Kr. Wilson forgets that Czarism has not yet been 
established in this country and that Congressmen are no schoolboys* The re- 
sponsibility of a Con~resr3man r'=»sts with his electors and not with school 
master Wilson* Mr* Richard Bartholdt made a speech in New York on German 
day, in which he dared, according to history^ to prove that the Oermans 
all times, especially in times of danger, nave shown themselves friends of 
the Union, while England and France at different times have shown their 
hostile dispositions* His speech was as follows- "Did we forget that, dur- 
ing the Civil War, the CravxionT: were our only friends, while Great Britain 
destroyed our commerce? Did not Bismark receive the American delegates, who 
had been refused admission in London and Paris with oren arms and -Drocured 
the money they needed? Did not Gladstone openly wish success to the con- 
federates? Japan will deme.nd her pound of flesh and perhaps Uncle Sam must 
give it to her* Perhaps, already she has been promised the superiority in 
the Pacific for the suprort she is giving to Great Britain* Who, I ask, if 
the hour of decision arrives, will be the natural ally of the United States* 

This question Wilson did not want to be asked, as he does not ;ike to answer 

• o — 

I C 


Illinois Starts Zeitiing ^ September 30, 1914 < 


it truthfully^ For this reason the Congressman should be censured. Which 
country do wr li-^e in? Is everybody, who is not rin enemy of Oermany, out- 
lawed? The patience of the good-humored Germcji c^n also come to pn end and 
we shall not keep nuiet and be muzzled while oficial America preaches hate 
against Germans. As free citizens, w object to bein^ "school mastered" and 
as Oermtms we protest against the violations of our sentiments even if they 
come from the Czar in the t.^il-coat. 


Ill H 
I F 3 

Illin ois Staa ts Zeitungt Septem'^ier 26, 1314< 



W?A (ILL) PROJ. 3C:. 5 

A movement for promoting G-ermanism has been established by the formation of 
the G-erman^American Club of Chicago ano Cook County''* The object of the organ- 
ization is I loc'-l political one, but non-partisan. The founders of the club 
have agreed to supoort the candidate of G-erman or German-American descent for 
public offices, Charles W. Kellermann, election commissioner, has been chosen 
first chairman, Mr# Otto Doedurein will be the Secretary within a week, per- 
manent offices will be taken in the loop^ probably in the Bismark Hotel, which 
will br retained until after election in November. In the ' eginning, it was 
Only intended to promote the election of the former city treasurer, Mr. 
Sturkart, but it was later • fi;reed to exte* i the suo ort to all German-Americans. , 
Svery member of the club oromised to do his utmost to bring the importance of 
the elections #to the attention of the Gerhians in Chicago. Alderman John Richert, 
chairman of the Municioal Finance Comriittpe, mane a speeci, as did Alderma.n 
Haderlein, Alderman Schaeffer of the ^^2nd V/ard, rnd Alderman John H. Brnler. 
They all r)romised to cooT)erate v/ith the Germans. This organization will try to 
help the German-Americrns in their rights and is not antagonistic to America.ns 
and other nationalities. The next meeting of the organi?:ation -rill probably , be 
held Monday evening at the Sismark Hotel. The last speech of former President 
Roosevelt created a great sensation. He has however received an enthusiastic 


- 2 - 

I P 3 


Illinois St-ats Zeitung, September 26, 1914. 

receotion in Central Illinois. The progressives cannot deny. That the 
Republicans gain from day to dr;y in the TTest, as do their friends in the East. 
The Republican chief Quarters will be ooened at the LaSalle Hotel next Tuesday 
on the fourth floor. 

Ill H 

Illinois Starts 2eit\ing. September Si, 1914. 



Vi?A(!lUFROi. 3027b 

Erir^land has stated from the be./^inning that the violr. tion of the neutrality of 
Bel^iiLH has cruserl the Great ^."^ar of Europet^nd that it Wr'as a case of honor for 
Albion to defend the violrLion of International treaties. Two memlDers of the 
En<o'lish 'Government the author Bernard Shaw ann t^7o members of Parliament Keir 
Hardie and Ramsay ftcDonald were of a 'different ooinion, but the honor of Sir 
Edward Grey had been accepted. No proof was offered that Germany did break the 
treaty of the neutrality of ?el^uim» This particular agreement had been si<^ned 
in London on 'lovember 15, 1631 by Prussia. The German empire war. founded 40 
years lat r and cannot be l::ert responsible for the cbli^^ations of Prussia signed 
40 years oreviously. On the other haJid Bel^^ium hnd broken the neutrality agree- 
ment long before when she fortified her Gt^rman frontier v/ith French money ajid 
permitted French aviators to fly over her territory vdthout protest, to throw 
bombs on German to-ms, before the war was declared. Italy had contracted a 
triple alliance with Germany to ,join her in case of war or in the least to main- 
tain a benevplent neutrality. The honorable En,5:land, which stajids and fights for 
the maintenance of treaties is trying vrith all kinds of promises to incite Italy 
to break her alliance with G:rmany and fi.e:ht against her former ally. This is 
English 'morality in the light of truth. Furthermore En^rland is trying her 
utmost to induce this country to give up her neutrality and involve her in the 

Ill H 

I a 

IllinoiG Staats Zeitun^;, 3eT)tem"ber 21. 1914, 


Eurorean v/or. En^lrnd is not satir^fied in mvln^ mobilized tro<5ps in this 
country to fie::ht 8<:f inst siernany and that she not-.'^ithstandin^r Americ^Hti neutrality- 
procures horses, arms, pjnnunition, food etc. A local Amrlc - American ne\?spaper 
is violating; the neutrality of this country in ounlir^hin'-* rn ^ooe? 1 to the 
American ou'blic "by the London author Ha,ll Opine, who writes: Is the neutrality 
of America justified? Is it ^o^sible, that in the terrible bcttle for justice, 
\7hich bas rocked the whole v;orld to its foundation, a country of 90 million 
DeoDle in the States can regain nputrr 1 rnc^ look on, hoT? rll of Eurooe i^ destroy- 
ing each other, their brothers Mood relativeF?, -neo-Dle allied v;ith them in intel«- 
lectual ties, reli^*iou~ s?Tnr>athies etc. Can they really maintain, that the bloody 
v%' r is not their business, that they h^ve nothing- to do with the ori.^in of the 
war? En/rlrnd also h^/^ nothing to do with it but still wc- wer^ obli5;ed. to take 
part, duty bound by the articles of th- moral code, v/hich re^rulrtes the conditions 
between Nations a.nd men» 

Such an article has been loernitted to be '-ra^-^li: hcd in thip country by a, foreigner 
while the President of the U, S. A. has refused to hear the oetiticn o:' tens of 
thousands of ^ood G :rman-Americans, vmo 3trnd for the maintenance of the loeace of 
the Hemublic. The enemies of (rermany are encourar:::ed to do their duty work of 
inciting the break of neutrality over here, while the friend!?- of the Republic, 
who hive given their blood and labor for the food of the land are handicapiped 

Ill H 

I Gr 

Illinois St«?^.ts Zeltun^, Septeml^er '^1, IS 14. 

OE i\lAN 

everywhere. This is called in Was-hinf^^iton, "Maintaining neutrality**. Shell we 
Sermans still keep a policy of reserve or is it time to sho^v our teeth? If v/e 
v/ait much longer it 'vin he too late. -'e shell n;vve no more teeth to show. 

II B 2 d (1) 
I G 


Illinois St'^ats 

Zei tunp-^ eptembei^ 14, 1914. 


After wesks of continuous and strenuous v.'ork by th^ German -ores^ to enlighten 
the American ^.ublic Fjbout the true position anr potion of the loresent war, we 
seem to be in the shme -oosition, v/here we started. A mountain of hate, libel, 
lies has been built tgfinst Cr'^rm^ny in this country in place of recof^nition she 
believed herself to be entitled t services which Germany has rendered America. 
Some corresoo.'-dents of American newspr^pers were nones t enough to admit that 
Germany did not v/ish for v/cr. American fugitives r.^n6 corresnondent*::. have left 
no doubt, that the news spread ^'^y Germany's enemies of the cruelties in Bel^rium 
were absolutely falre. The result of /ll this ^vork of spre^din^ the truth and 
real facts hcs been very ne{/;ative. The lie:: of the French and British campaign 
seem to be believed by the iiiajority of the American cublic. The words of iism^rk, 
"Each population hcs the Government, it deserves" have been changed into, ^^'Sf)ch 
country has the newsr^pers it deserves." It is the soul of the copulation, and 
their big headings are their expres-ions. The ?]nglish Americrn newspapers bring 
big headings on their front oages a^'^out the death of the German crown "orince, the 
distructlon of his army and r-ll news, v/hich comes from Paris, London, St. Peters- 


• 45 • 


Illinois Star^ts Zeitan^, Ser^tember 14» l'^14. 

"burg, Bel-^ium anri Serbia, while th*^ ne-vs from Berlin to its f^mbpsspc^or pt 
TTf'Shington, of which nothing as yet hao been contradicted seems to "'"9 I6st in the 
columns of their ne'.7S. The London 'snc. Paris reports have been found false daily 
by reporters k-t the front lent no such enli^-htenrnent apnear in the American - 
3*]nf^lish press. An honorable exception recently Wcis made by Vcnderbilt, the 
present chief cf the f inc.-nce dynasty to a newspaper reporter. "No country has 
•such deep interest in the life ^ nd the existence of Crervii^.ny, as has the U. S. A. 
G-ernany has been our best customer c:nd Its destruction ""^uld be a. ^veat calamity 
to this country. It is the greatest scandal o:.' the Twentieth Century, that 
p:reat Britain has te.k^»^ a hand in this War. The British pooulation has no 
interests in this W?r, their Statesmen have crovoked. They have nothin^'^ in 
common with a chauvinistic France and a barbaric Russia. Our syippathy is with a 
country, which has oroved itself by its hi<^h culture, intelligence enc} work, to 
be worthy to take first place ^mong the European jowers. 

A, J.A 

Kl XJt.Li«Vff^^1 

I G 

Illinois ^tf-ats Zeltung. Au^oist 25 , 1914. 




The cannons ere roarinf in the far East, and hard-prpsser^ Germajiy in Euror)e 
with an insicp:nif leant small military force has now to ta-ke up its nefense 
against ^ povrerful enemy. And while Grermany, 'vith a heroism umD^^ralleled in 
history, has to fierht for the defense of its o^^n national possessions and the 
r)ossession of its spiritual -r n6 cultural progress in Furope, ready to vrin or 
if necessary bleed to death, other nations whose only aim seems to be gold 
are engaged, in hair splitting and are trying to unload u^on each other the re- 
sponsihility for this masr murder, and, as a result or' this mass nurder, the re- 
sulting killing of civilization's progress. For more than one reason, Japan's 
declaration of war at^-ainst Germany is noteworthy, and for mor? than one reason, 
is the officially riven explanation of the American Governments conduct in the 
newly developed Aria tic question both remr.rk'. hie and lamentable. In its declara 
tion of war, iJ?^-p^fn r^e- ms to have laid oarticular stress, on the point that the * 
world, should olainly and clearly see that it has no intention of disturbing the 
peace in East Ar,ia. With e r^itchfcrk Japan ooints to the fact that only by 
England's demano did it, as an ally, declare v/ar upon Germany. This precaution 
of Japan is understandable as it belongs to tne war trctics of tnat country. It 
v/ents to shift the blame from its own shoulders, the suspicion which has spread 


- ^ - 

Illinois Str-t:^ Zeitun^-, Au,inist 2t^ 1914* 

I 1 I - III ' — * ' 



(ILL.; HRUj 


abroacl, that it has pnythinf: else in mind but the fulfillment of its obligation 
of alliance, r nd the observr^nce of the teriitorirl inte^iLv of China. Presi- 
dent 7Til-on, v/ith Secretcry of State i3ry&n, -ccepted tnis state of af airs im- 
mediately ^no cfficiflly decl:recl that the (-overnment in Washington, which feels 
itself in all v/ays strictly oound t*^^ neutrality -^oes not intenc to make the r/rr 
declare t^-^n of Japan an ob^iect c: criticism especially as Japan is not after 
territorial ^ain, rnc that v/ith r/ne return of Kiantchrn, Crerman's learned territory, 
to China the territorial rights of China are fully prctect^vd. 

Ill H 


Chicac:o Daily Tribune , August 6, 1914. 

V;?A (lit) PRO- 302/i 


Austria Also Gives Up Hope Of Transporting Men Safely. 

Others Send Troops On. 

Local Austrian and German consulate have practically abandoned plans 
for transporting reservists to Europe. Hugo Sylvestin, Austrian consul, 
expressed the opinion yesterday that it would be impossible while war 
is in progress to send Austrian reserves in Ai^erica to the aid of the 
fatherland* Baron Kurt Von Reiswitz, the German consul, gave out an 
interview discouraging German reservists from making futile efforts 
to reach their native country* Unless the situation clears it will 
be impossible for the 4,000 men who have registered at the two con- 
sulates to comply with the imperial commands calling them to service. 

It was hinted that possible interference vith transports by Great Britain 
has deterred Germany and Austria from attempting to avail themselves 
of the assistance of reservists in America. 

iir H 

Chi ca ''o Oa ily T i^i bune , iu ; ; • 6 , 1914. 


Stirri'i;^ •^*3etin3 llso Ur,2;es Ainerica 
To Delay Verdict On .'ar. 

Hold Ordsrly Parade. 


Ten thous'J.nd oi Chicaj.o's 'Jern'3.n \::'/ic*jtns gathered in an/ about uhe Audiio'- • 
rium tlB^ater last ni'-^ht in a war demonstraoion. Proi: this ::30tin:-2 '^^nd its 
several ovei'flow r-eetinrs inessares of assurance and syij^^athy v;ere sent to 
Kaiser '.'ilhel.^ and ^:r)eror 7ranz Joseph. 

Resolutions w-^re adopted CMllin * on the public and the oress of the United 
States to consider the situation conservatively, thou htfully, cautiously. 
Lien re;Dresenting the Ter.rj^n population of thte state addressed the meeting; and 
its overflow sec:.ionL v;ith speeches v/hich varied fro.', the v/hite hot temper of 
Teutonic patriotism to the inost careful conservatism. 

iT'ive Thousand Parade Streets. 

Ill K 

Chi cag o j'il^^ Tri bune , Au'-% -c^ 1914. 

-.-. ^ WPA(lLl.»rno.i.3027^ 

At the close of the jneatin-" .r.eribars of the audience and the lar^'e rratherinrs 
in 'Irant Par;:, Gon^'-rer-.s Street '.net L'ichi:;an .vvenue, parad.:id "che streets more 
•':han d,000 stron;^ behLxl the ^er:r::n colors ^-.nd th.o uierican fl^vj chant in,^^, 
''Die "'acht A:n Rhein/* At the :Ton:h Side Turner T 11 the Tx^.radern held a' . 
second ;:.e3tin-5, v/here a collec\.ion Tor uhe rjer::an cause was taken. 

Ai;.^tria-Hun:-^ary v;as stron^lv re"oresevited in the r.-eetin'-. The bir- crowd \/as 
orderly an'\ obedient to the coiimands of the officers of the police and fire 
depart.^ient s. 

Cable To Rulers. 

The cables disoa-:ched fro." the ::ieetinr v/ere voted bv accla^'iation froi.i the 
cheeria audience. The first read: 

*^o J-is Imperial hajesty, Kaiser Jranz Joseph of ^ustria-hun;■^ary : 

*!En the largest G r.iass ineetin^" ev-^r held in Chicago the C-ejn:-i.ns and 
Auntrians of this world city assure vour iiviperi 1 iia'iest-', whose venerable 
brov/ ever inspires all men to love and ve:ieraL>ion, of undyin.^; love and 


Ill H 


Chica':o ")ail-^ Tribun3. Au- 





WPA (!ID PROJ 30275 

This r.essar^s was apTDrovsd and Treete-I v;ith "bravor:/' ?.\s the chairnan rose to 
read the lollov/in^- :r:essa 'e: 


10 His ! Majesty *;ilh?lm 11, '^^^rinan Kuisor, ^jrlin: 

'•The Oeriian-Ainorican citiz-ns of C-iica: o, assei'ibled in as i^re t a naGsmeot in:- 
as t- is \;orld's city has ever seen, assiore yo.;r majesty in one na;::3 of the 
2,0(jO,0'.:0 Germans in Illinois of our unchan-'eable love for home and lather- 


?he meeting inras held under the auspices of the 0-ir:.:an- 1. erican Alliance, 
with Ferdinand 'r'althc^r, president, presxdin... Mi.n zhe reetin-; ooened at 8 
o'clock -.11 the -1,000 ;::eai;s in the auditoriu- theat or .vere filled^nd a sea 
of faces looked up from L'ici:ircin Boulevard and Con-ress Street. 

Patriotic ^usic Stirs Crc\;d. 

ihs lervor of the audience gathered fire from the music of Ballrian' 

s orchesxra 

Chica:'0_pailv Tribune, Au^-. 6, 1914. 

^ WPA (ILL.) FROj. 302/5 

playing irsrches S'lcred to the memory of many :i field of aerrnan victory. The 
Rev. Alfred ^'eyer spoke for nore th-m -^n hour, discussint^ the significance of 
the controversy an:i the treat -aent of the ne\/s in the Ar.ierican ne^/ 


e have ?;ar because of ^irli-.h jealousy,'' he said, as nearly as his rapid 
fire a-ri.ian r.ay be tr-mfrlaue-.l in.o '"n^-linh text. "The trade of Oerrnany'has 
increased tv/o and a half Dimes m five :'e..r3. *^nr^land has seen that onlv war 
mi-ht disturb t}ie balance of trade." 

Kaiser* G Peaceful I:i3i:i:icts. 

The minister spoke of the rjeaceful instinccs of "Kaiser h'ilhel.-: and pointed to 
■Che forty years of Gorman peac. He charged •:n^land had-added lire'to the 
ancient hatred of the French and laid at the foot of the E^v^ish throiie ^he 
blame for the v/orld war. 


'"he Rev. Mr. ^:eyer's utterances drew wild applause from the audience. '.Tomen 
enthused with the love of fatherland stood up in their seats to v;ave ker- 
chiefs, men with zhe sword scars of the duel and vet ;irans of o]:e Franco- 
Prussian 7;ar,can:e to their feet with hoarse "braves'* shouted v.-ith choking 
emotion. The orchestra struck up "Radetzki", the ijarch I'.ade memorable by'' 


-L -L i. ri • D ^ ■_:■ i,i.\: ..^ li'i 


hica"0 jaily rribun:-, .va--. 6, 19i4, 

W?A (ILL.) Fl^Ci- 30/7b 

the cO'iflict of "ueppel in '".enno.rk in 1869. The Audit oriu:;. ro^.red with 

'^ irt zn .Vaal^'zes 3ituat ion • 


^^ Jixd^e '.'ichael ?• ■lirb-an ^reGoiited an analvsic of the \7'-.r situr-.tion in 
Ger:.:an phrase, v;hich r.cst accuratoly ni'dit be translated as an issue of *V",eat 
and murderers." ^^3 attacked oha rl-ht of oJirvia "oo assu:.a affront at oho 
demands of Austria-ITun^-ary on account of the anti-nustrian relets and the assas- 
sination of the heir to t" a v.uctrian "ohrone. 

Cites 3el;-^i-n Incident. 

Jud^s Girt en recouni;ed the incident of the Belf-i-.n r^lot of Du Chose afrainst 
the eye of 'lisrnarck and cited the promptness jibh •■hich "7el:;:iur. su;:pr :ssed o'le 
sociexy ^.nd the periodicals held responsible. The judge praised the PCaiser as 
a man of peace, declarin;; in German idioi:i i:hf t he had "bac::ed do'^^m*' fre^-^uently 
in the last quarter of a csntury to avoid* v;ar. He char.-.ed 'j:i-_';land and France 
could have avoided v/ar bv r-fusin;'~ to let Russia ^o on iith an extension of 
"that protection of a certain brand that has been extended to the Finns and 

Ill H - 6 - GERMAN 

Chicago Daily Tribuns t Aug. 6, 1914* y^FA HU F-^^^'*^'^^ 

(Note of Junior Clerkt Just beside this above mentioned article^ pictures 
inserted five columns wide by twelve inches of two parades and of four speak* 
ersy two of them in speaking pose* Under pictures, following text*} 

Thousands of patriotic Germans narched through the streets of the district 
last nighty singing their national songs and wavir^ German and American flags* 
The night parades came as a finale to a demonstration and parade in Grant Park 
in the afternoon and a huge mass meeting at the Auditorium Theater, attended 
by 10,000 in the evening* Two hundred reservists of the GermEui army, passing 
through Chicago from various cities in the west. on their way to the fronts 
assembled in Grant Park, sang, listened to speeches, and drilled in the park* 

Among the speakers litio addressed the mass meeting at the Auditoriiim were 
former Judge U* F* Girten, the Rev* Alfred E* Uayer, William Rothmann, and 
Carl Swansig* 

Ill H 



Illinois Starts Zeitun^ t J^ine 39, 1914. ynp;. ., , > f.^^' -;>..,, 


Sta^^erin,^ news dist'ir'^^ed yesterday's Sumci; y pec'Ce. Franz Ferdinand^ heir 
to the Austrian and Rungcrir'^n thrones has been assassinated in Serajevo, 
capital of Bosnia, i.i the public street. His wife the Duchess of Hohen'-erg 
died by his side. The raurderer a young student hno comooser, is a citizen 
of Serbia ?nc it is anticipated that the attack 'nas a national character* 
The garrisons in T^osnia 'np>6 been increasevi lately, to prevent Servi^m invasion 
as relations bet^reen Serbia f^nc^ Austrla-Hunr^ ry "nave been very strained. 
During the first ^?^lkan war Austria mobilised a<r;-inst Servia and war was only 
avoided at the last minute. A few days ago only, Franz Ferdinand walked with 
his Imperial host of Germany in the ma/rnif icent rose /^arden of Konvpischt, 
vmere the trir^le Entente was agc^in strengthened. The consecraences of this 
assassination ca.nnot be imagined. The ruler of the double monarchy is old and 
weak, and with his 85 years not fully capable to meet the situation. This 
assassinated heir, had shown himself as the rir?:ht man for this difficult DOst, 
and the incident must be regarded as p hard knock to the Austro-Hungarian dyncisty. 
The present heir, Karl Fronz Joseph, has been of very little oolitical influence, 
and very little can be sain at this moment about his ocsition in relation to 
Germany and its alliance. Great s,^nnpathy is felt with the old EniDeror of Austria 

Ill H 

Illinois Str-ats Zeituiy?, June P/.^ 1914. 

Franz Ferdinand Assassinated 


WFA ,;ll.. ^ 



who, even in his declining days, has not been spared by the terrible visitations 
of fate, the world mourns the death of Franz Ferdinand, but feels with the old 
Emperor, v/ho with the crown on his he^d, has »g:one the way of all human suffering 
^o the very en6.» 


T *r T T"T r^  .•,-~^~ ' TT 

,-xbanc.. ost , Sept. IS, 1911. 

The ' G-er:-a:i-iIun";:\ria:is also lincl zealo s co-^'-orlz^rs h^^re. 

The .rirst -jierican r^roivj :?or tlie -ropa -ation of G-eriTianis.- in Huri^ary 
has b ■' '^'n founded at Sioben's IlalZ., The novoient for th^^ presr^rvation 
of Germanis:: in Hunr.-.r:'" is const-intly f^rovjin'^ stroncor. Supporting 
this nove^ient in its f i:;ht a:;; .Inst the perfidioxis , hostile .'.'ajyo:* 
forc;E, are their compatriots. .Ift^r several ]ijurs of d^?lib -^r^ti jn, 
the Chicagoan, an or::anizati n first of its hind In the United ^f-tes, 
has bsen founded. The 'profound interest in the cause as ivas shoivn 
2/e-"torday, na^' be indicative of i--tu:*o -^ro.-ro'"S of the nsv: society,.... 

•■■■ ■*• ■"'. 

Ill H 
III B 1 

Abendrost, I 'ay 8, 1909 




Count Johann Heinrich von Eernsclorff , the Gernpn Anoassndor in V'ashin^ton, 
returned last nif;ht fron a visit to !'ilr;:^ukee, where he hrjd been invited "by 
the !!ilv;^ui:ee Business League, and honored by the CreTtir^n orr-anizations in a 
two day festival. He took residence in Chicafjo at the Union Lea£;u.e Club, 

Graf Bernsdorff was very enthusiastic about his rece-ntion at I'ilv/aukee and 
he re^rettfed to be unable to be the .foiest of the German organizations in 
Chica^:o, a4it was ir.ioossible for him to st\^y another da.;^", having important 
business at Vfeshington tomorrow. Count Bern-dorff declared that the relations 
between Germany and the United States were of the very best nature and President 
Taft like President Roosevelt his predecessor, have furthered them to a, great 
extent. This personail relations to President Taft v;cre very rood nnd his 
position at V/ashin^^ton very favorable. His air. is to p-et the closest relation- 
ship) between the United States and Germany, and he is av/are that the German 
government has its ,{:reatest support in the organij^ations in this 


Ill H 
III B 1 


Abendr.Qst, J/ay 8, 1909 

country, ond this is v;ell i:novm in 7ashinr^ton. Tor this purpose he has visited 
the districts contcininf: a strong German element. The -it-tention of the 
Amhassador v/as eddied to a cahle .lust received fron Berlin, raid -ou'olished 
yesterday "by the Ar-ericmPress, statin,^ that the Tiresent tariff agreement 
'bet^veen the TJ. S. A. nnd Germany was to "be discontinued, and that, the ner-rs 
created some anxiety in Germany, as it v/a? expected that the nevr tariff v^ould 
not he so advantageous to the Gerr.aji exporter. Count von Bernsdorff re"f'lied 
that it v/as to be e>?".ected that one day the agreement would end. It i<?. too 
early to mention anythin" yet, aoout tlie nenv '.^reement. It cannot "be said 
yet if the nev; agreement will 'c-e so unfavor,-- hie to Germ.ajiy as it is 
rntici-cated in some quarters. 

IIIH ', -. ^*  >• / J 
Abendpost . April 20, 1909  v,^ ■;.' 


Consul Dr* A. Geissler, T?ho has been nominated as a successor to the General 
Consul Dr. Walter Wever, took over today the management of the affairs of 
the Chicago German Consulate, which, since the departure of Mr. Wever had been 
conducted by Consul Dr. Roh. The transfer took place this afternoon, Dr. 
Geissler has been a Consul in Seattle W-^shington, where he had been transferred 
from New York. He arrived here last night and took residence in the Plaza 
Hotel* His family will follow in a few days. 


Ill H 
II A 3 a 


Abendpost . April 7, 1909 




Last ni^t in the Art Institute the opening of modern German works of art took 
place with a large crowd in attendance. The exhibition has been arranged 
by the New York lover of art, Mr. Hugo Reisinger, with the sanction and 
protection of the German Emperor. It is destined to give the American public 
an idea of the position and progress of the present German art. 

The show was a great success in an artistic and social way. About five thousand 
invitations had been sent out and only a few of the invited were absent. Prom 
the start to the finish a great crowd of visitors pushed through the five 
halls of the southern wing of the Art Institute. All nations and social 
classes were represented. The American and German element was equally 
divided. The German Ambassador, Count Bernstorff, had sent a telegram with 
his regrets for being tinable to appear iDersonally. Also, Governor Dineen 
and Mayor Busse excused themselves. Consul Dr. Paul Roh acted as host, and he 
was assisted by General Frederic Dent Grant of the Federal Army, Mr. W. M. R. 

Ill H -3- GERMAN 

II A 3 a 

Abendpost, April 7, 1909 

WFA (ILL) mj JU2.:. 

French, Director of the Art Institute and the Belgian Consul, Mr* Charles 
Henrotin. Sixty ladies of the women's clubs of the Germania Society, the 
Portni^tly Club and other associations, comprising some of the best known 
ladies of Chicago Society, assisted with the reception. 

President Charles L. Hutchinson, in the name of the Board of Administration of 
the Art Institute sent the following cable to the German Emperor, who had 
authorized the exhibition of numerous art works from his collections and from 
the Royal Art Kfuseum of Berlin, The telegram reads: 

"The Board of Administration of the Art Institute in Chicago takes the liberty 
of announcing the successful opening of the German Art exhibition and hopes that 
it will strengthen the good relations which already exist between these two 
great nations." The collection is housed on the first floor of the south wing 
of the Art Institute, and fills five rooms and one hall, in which the drawings 
and sketches fo\md a place. The statues and monuments are distributed in the 
rooms. The collection can be inspected free on all days when no aximission 

Ill H -3- GERT^AN 

II A 3 a 

Abendpost, April 7, 1909 

''«'-'- *^*i=uv rnUi. ou^/i) 

is charged by the Institute, Wednesdays, Saturdays, Sundays and holidays; on 
all other days an admission fee of twenty-five cents is charged. 

Ill H 


Abendpost , April 5, 1909 


&eneral Consul Dr. Walther Weaver who had "been active in Chica.go for the last 
eight years and v.'ho was supposed to have "been transferred to ICappstadt, has been 
iioninated as General Consul for Haiti and will soon receive rtnother imrortant 
post in the German diplonatic service. This successor for Chicago will be 
Consul Geissler, who v/ill arrive here in about two weeks* 

Ill K 
I G 


— -^ — t'^ 1^.'-^ ■^' 

Abendp ost, Aug. 1,- 1907# 


AN Aur;^R:^D srruATioii. 

The Kaiser will be able to read with grim satisfaction the latest reir.arks of the 
Jungopress, nbout the late 'orocco atrocity. The ci^y Cas'-blanca, was attacked 
by neighboring Kabyl tribesir.en, opposed to the harbor and railroad construction, 
killinr' in the attack several jrenchiiion. Hence France and Sngl^^^nd are in accord, 
that some action is imperntive. But the London press, v/ith iil concealed rage, 
concedes that the Morocco difficulty must first be solved in "Jerlin, before 
attending to it in Fez, and without the assent of Germa.ny they cannot resort to . 
severe ir^easures there. Hence in the imaerial government it is being urged to al- 
low France and Spain, in the interest of order and civilization to garrison the 
country to stop the anarchy there. This sounds sonewhat differently fron: the 
past, when the botistful threats, that Germany must be kept within bounds, if it 
should dare to v;ant to alter the fate of I.lorocco agreed on by France and England. 
Then the German Smpire, was only informed of "^^he facts accomplished, as if it had 
only to submit silently, not having a voice in the decision of tl-e great pov;ers. 
Today it is admitted and, so to say, not even a hair on the head of the sultan 
of L-orocco may be bent, v/ithout the sanction of Germany. Consequently the con- 
ference of Algeciras was not a humbling of the Kaiser and the mentioned isolation 
of Gerraany has not in the least shaken his position of pov/er. The polite requests 

III H -2- /,:r . . . ^ G ORl.liUJ 

Abendpost ^ Aug. 1, 1907. 

/ -* 


be T 


of the Pritish, '''rench v/ill probably be more acceptable to the C-erinan diploinats, 
than the former threats. Germany has in L.orocco only gener-^^l trade interests, 
the protection of which /ranee could positively insure by treaty. Uthenvise it 
v/ould not concern him, v/hether the evidently inco. .potent Sultan remriins on his 
throne, not being able even to liniiih with the robber Raisuli, and v/ho is even 
hated by the desert tribes. If France does not any more acknowledge British over- 
lordship beyond her border, but also recognizes the joint determination of Surope, 
especially Germany, then no reason c la be seen why there should not be a mutual 
understanding. The French government press repeatedly insinuFxted in the last few 
weeks, that it is possible to estr.blish an understanding between France and Germany, 
if the latter would only give up its unfriendly politics in 'forth Africa, and 
leave it to the French. If whis (insinuation) is meant seriously, the Genrian 
government should surely reflect, if its real good beh^iviour tov/ard France is not 
worth more, then only an empty prestige. Hov/ever it will not be satisfied with 
empty phrases. If France is ready to end its mr^chinations ag: inst her and accept 
the peace of Frankfurt, without reservation, then Germany will be able to meet 
France. The latter should be the more ready for reconciliation with the conqueror 
of 1870-71 as its connections ;ith Russia are seemingly critically weakened. The 
Russian government cannot st-ind France's censui'e of its reactionary policies and 
frequently shows its displeasure* At its court at present the party that favors 

III H -3- Gi?HIlW,^ w.K o' 

Abendpost, Aug. 1, 1907. 

the severance from France and the rapprochement v/ith Germany has the influence. 
uTiether the Russian emperor under ^he influence of this party, will agree to the 
closer coiTtact \yioh Kaiser V/ilhelm^ v/hether this will have the result of chang- 
ing Russian politics, can not yet be said, but that the continued unnatural 
friendship between Russia and France has cooled, there remains no doubt. Just 
for that Geruiany does not need to throw herself in the arms of v/estern i^urope or 
be me.king admission v/ithout compensating returns. 

If the French in lAorocco should be permitted, then they must show themselves 
appreciative, and not only with words, but by deeds. The time for ambiguity 
is past and the hope for the successful isolation of Germany has thoroughly 

Ill H 


Atendpost, June 20, 1907. 4 


Dr. George Qaandt enters the German Consulate's services as a Commercial 

The number of colla'borators of the German Consulate General in Chicago 
territory, has been increased. Dr. George Q:aandt, after practicing for three 
months in the New York Consulate General, has begun his activity to-day as 
a commercial expert with the Chicago Consulate. Dr. Quandt was bom in 
Sommerfeld, Province Brandenburg, studied political econony in Leipzig and 
Berlin, and distinguished himself through his doctor's dissertation about 
the "Mederlausitzer Cloth Industry" in such a way, that he immediately 
obtained a position with a Rhenish export business. After remaining there 
for two years, he became a factory director and in 1899 entered the 
Government's services as a commercial attache. 

Ill H 

II B 1 c (1) 

II B 2 g 


Abendpostt January 30 » 1907, 



Dr, Walther Wever, the German Consul of Chicago for a number of years 
received today the official report, that he had been promoted to Consul- 
General by the German Government • Consul Wever .will remain as the head 
of the German Constxlate of ChicagOt which however has not been advanced as 
a Consulate General* Not only the Consuls personal friends but the whole 
German colony of Chicago welcomes this report, as the Consul Wever has 
done its utmost to advance German-American relations in every sphere. 

One of his greatest successes was the accomplishments of the pupils 
performances of German plays* He also promoted the invitation of German 
professors to American institutions to hold lectures for the American 
public* His activity foxind the greatest acknowledgement in the German 
and American circles. 

Ill H 

Abena.:ost > Januf^ry ?8, 190?, >• ^ v..-.' /'r''^ 3t;?b 


LIBE2AI. PAHTY A3XS G-.^ ..x:-a:z:':ica::o for sl:^ctio;: 


The good hearted Gerr.ip.n in Araericr verv often is recme^.ted "by his German cousin 
on the other side for sorie fc?.vors ?iid on ^xcoant of his re^ diners to psr^ist he 
has no^-7 heen asked by the llation^l Liberal Pc^rty for sone funds for election 

A circular h: s been sent to C-erraans in Chicr^^o rhose names indicate their Ger- 
mas descent and which reads as follo^'s: Berlin - January, 1907, Dear Sir pnd 
FellOTT Country/man: The dissolution of the German pprlirment forces the National 
Liberal Party, which stood rt the cr* die of the "Reich" and crert.^d in coooera- 
tion with Prince Bismarck the foundation of the state, to fitcht the Centrum and 
Socialism as the enemie<: of the Empire ^no its Em-peror, The fi.rht has to be 
fou,q:ht vrith all enQT-y^ to secure the further benef icirl d.evelo-onent of the 
Empire internally i no. e::t.^:rnally. It mast not happen a^ain, thr t the este-^m 
of the Empir-: ^nd the Imr^erial crown will be disr-?r/iected, fT: it ha-ooened by 
the Centrum, the Socialists, Guelphs, rnc Poles on December 1?, 1905. 

Ill H 


W^A /i; ' ^ 

Aben dr^or.t, Janurry ?8, 1907 • 

'^e need for this -pur-'-^o^e -rrer^t finrncir.l helr>, Sorae of our countr^/rien living 
a'broad hpve sent us rlre^cl.y unprovo'ced If^r^-er ri.^icunts for this *ouroone rnd vre 
therefore a-noer.l to the C-ornrns in other countries, rho still s'^.iprt'iize v;ith 
their old country rnc. Tiao shnre our opinion, thrt onl^'- r.n enerr^-etic policy of 
the Nationr-1 Lioerrl Pr^.rty cm re-r'^rve t'le respect of th.e G-ernp.n fl.?<'^ ahrord, 
for their financial supr^ort. Epch contribution is -.'^'elcone em- should oe sent to 
the Central Bureau of the ilrtional Liberal Party, Schillinf?;str 9, Berlin. 

'Tith f ellovr-national esteer.i, 

Centrrl Conndttee of the llrrtional Liberal Party 

Br s ■:^. e mc nn , C:ia i r man 

Fr» Priedber.^, Vice Chairrnpn 

It h?s not he-.n known ^'^hat succes?: t'lis F'-^/oerl he- s had in Chica.^o* 


III B 2 

II B 1 a 

j^ Abendgost, March 17, 1906. 


Prof. Dr. Oncken the prominent German historian, and the German plajrwrright 
Dr. Ludwig Fulda were honored guests last night at a "banquet in the club- 
house of the Germania Men's Choir, in which about one-hundred ladies and 
gentlemen took part. The festival principally was to honor Prof. Oncken who 
has held some lectures at the University of Chicago last month, and who will 
return to Germany shortly. 

Dr. Seurenhaus made the welcome speech to which Dr. Oncken replied that he 
regretted very to leave a country which had given him such a hearty re- 
ception and he added that he is publishing a book soon, in which he will state 
the impressions received in this country. Mr. Harry Rubens in his speech 
celebrated Dr. Fulda, who also made an attractive speech, wir. Fritz Gloganer, 
making a short speech, presented to Dr. Oncken as a souvenir of his friends 
in Chicago a silver bowl. Prof. Cutting of the University of Chicago thanked 
the German Consul, Dr. Wever, for his endeavors to win Dr. Oncken for the 
lectures at the university; to which Dr. ^ever replied that owing to the 
generosity of some members of the Germania Men's Choir, it will be possible 
also for the coming session to have a prominent German professor to hold 
lectures at the University of Chicago. 

Ill H 


ABSaiDPOST, February 15th, I906 , , ^.,., 

ft?t\ (ILu.; T:\^'^^- 

German Officials Here 
They Principally Study the American Railway System, 

Accompanied "by Mr, P. Gudhrod, the technical attache of the German Emhassy in 
Washington. Dr. E. C. Fleck, under secretary of the ministry, for puMic works 
arrived here yesterday to make a trip through the United States of America to 
study principally the American Railway System. They were received "by the German 
Consul, Dr. Wever and visited this morning the Stock yardSf This afternoon they 
will view the tunnels; tomorrd"^ they will inspect the Pullman factories anfl other 
great manufacturing industries. 


Ill H 




mk ^^ 



iBgmPOST, September 5th, 1905* 

Conenl Ulller'e Return. 
He Is Hot TaTorable fo The German OoTemment* 

J« Martin Miller has. been a war correspondent for some American magazines end has 
written some articles, lAiich show his hate for Germany. Reports about the bombard* 
ment of Samoa by British and American warships, in which the German navy did not 
participate, were written by him, in which he accused Germany of all kinds of 

At the time of the Boxer rcTolution he abused the Tieldmarshal Count Con Waldersee, 
who as it is known, differed with the opinion of the American General Chaffee. He 
also wrote about a (presumable) interriew with Admired Dewey in lAiich the latter-- 
supposedly made some tactless statements about the German nayy* Admiral Bewey 
denied these statements later • notwithstanding this. Miller had been nominated as 
Consul in Aachen* This represent at ire of a .friendly nation was not favorable to 
Germany and a notice was sent to President Roosrelt, Miller has now returned to 

Chicago but denle,. that he hed <^o»e ba^ on an official demand. The Consal 


Page 2 


JBElOgOST. September 5th, I905. 

Is also Inpllcated in the action of the beautifal Mae Wood of Denver, Col. Mies Wood 
had a position in the Tederal Capital and had some entanglement with Senator Piatt 
of Hew Torky so that the Senator, who married two years ago had to pay her $30fOOO 
conpensation* Miss Wood bought another action in which she accused Consul Miller 
and the private secretary of Pres* Roosvelt, Loeh, for conspiracy to get rid of 
her in the interest of Piatt* The place of this supposed crime should hare heen 
the Victoria Hotel in Hew Tork» Miller denies the accusation and represents the 
girl as crasy# 

in H 

I L 

ABBMUPOST. September 5th, I905. 


Visit Trom Germany 
▲ Party of German Farmers Make A study Trip. 


On a study trip to the United States of America a party of German farmers and officials 
of the Board of Apiculture arrived here yesterday and took: rooms in the Atiditorlnm 
Hotel# They are the subprefect 7ranz Ton Oerlach, Kattowls, sub-administrator Ton 
Klaasen* Janorvls, 1 Ton Erlesenmetter, BerliUt Dr« Hngerbery, 1 Berlin, Dr. Hayessent 
Wollstelnt Ooyernment administrator. Ton Helnecke, Oppeln« They will travel through 
the Korth-»west to acqpxaint themselves with American local conditions and methods* * 
Tomorrow the party departs over Uilwaokee to Madison, Wisconsin to visit the 
agriculture of the State# 


III H i \ '^•^•^' '}A OERI^AN 

II B I c (3) Abendpost, March 21, 1904 

III B 2 




The reception celebration which was arranged yesterday in honor of the German 
Professors must have left a never-to-be-forgotten impression on many of the 
guests who filled the Aiiditorium to the last seat. This was the fraternization 
festival which could not have been conceived in a more beautiful fashion, and 
presumably it will produce good results. The giant hall with the festively 
dressed people, the spacious stage, on which in the foreground sat the faculty 
of the University of Chicago, the committees, the speakers and the guests of 
honor and Professors Joseph Kohler, Paul Ehrlich, Berthold Delbrueck, Eduard 
Meyer and Wilhelm Herrmann; while in the background were seated the clubs of 
the United Male Chorus, malcing an inrposing impression. The three center loges 
at both sides of the main hall were reserved for invited guests and the lady 
companions of the German guests of honor. They were draped with American and 
German flags, and decorated with the coat-of-arms of both countries. 

2 ' ^^ 


II B I c (3) Abendpost > Mar. 21, 1904. 

Of the guests of honor Professor Kohler without doubt aroused the greatest 
interest. The scholar has an appearance whose charm nobody can deny. 

Professor Starr Willard Cutting opened the meeting and described the significance 
of the festivity, lauding the German Universities, their scholars who are the 
first line scientists and all the guests of honor for whom the festivity is 

The next speaker was the festival president, Mr. Harry Rubens, who was followed 
by Mr. Alexander R. Hohlfeld, Professor of German at the State University of 
Wisconsin with the real festival speech and this was an oratorical masterpiece. 

Professor Dr. Delbrueck answered with a very favorable address in which he 
referred to the social institutions and social welfare of Germany. 



I C 

I D 1 a 



Die Abendpost ^ October 20, I903. 


In to-day's session of the Alliance of American instrument makers, Mr. 
Charles Tniax, a local manufacturer held a speech, in which he asserts that 
the surgical instruments which are mac'e in England, Prance and Sweden are 
good while these of German-make are had. It aT)t)ear8 that the goal of the 
German instrument makers consists in the fact that they endeavor to pro- 
duce their merchandise for the cheapest possible sum, in order to "be the 
lowest "bidder in this international competition* 

The fact though, that many of our Anglo-American doctors import their 
fine instruments from Germany, because they consider them superior to our 
and foreign products, Mr. Truax never mentioned. Probably this very fact 
induced him to launch such an attack* His lecture brought about a lively 

Ill H 



I C AtendToost, October 22, 1902 

A MORAL DEFEAT (3ditorir.l) 

Prot'P'bl.y no":'ody fiinkr tod v of S'T.or rsi-- nore, l)r:t in the s'^ring of 189S 
this ^Tour) of iclmds r^tood "ir: the forerround of -nai^ilic attention". Ov/inr 
to the intri^-Ties? of Great T? to v/hich the ^'. S. A. r;ere on easy victin, 
a serioTi? conflict seened to hrerl: ovt bet^;'een thes^.e two *r;ov:ers on the 
one side and the C-ern^n E'^''^ire on the other side, a:id tlie innocent cause of 
rll was a half n'\hed Sanorji chieftain, Put oec^'.x^ie the Oerrian ^{overnment 
kept its C'-^linness ond. t?:e Anericnji .^overnnent had to perceive thr. t it 
couldn't risk a clash with Cremany - -ncl the loss of the G-er^-ian vote - on 
accoujit of such a lousy consideration, the trpnsrcticn wa.s settled "oeacefull?; 
It vras r-vTeed luon the (iivision of the isl-nds 'c-norif^ the three aowers, ':hio 
ha^ then so frr nore or less "nrotected", and left to Kin^ Oscar of Sweden 
the decision of the question whether the U. S. ond G-re-t i^ritain were 
entitled to land troops in Sanoa and to let destroy nuaerous •' Irntations 
in the surroundin';:s of Ania, This ?i.roitr'tor has now nr:'de the jud£^;er:ent, 
that "the AlMes" • roceeded in -. totrlly u.-^fair w-y -nd are therefore 

Ill H 
I ? 3 
I C 


Abendnost, Octo'ber 




A {ill 

©"bli-'ed to rn.ake CvO-rnens^ition. The latter p.nounts to at r.ost 3500,000, but the 
so-Cc-lled Ar.iericpn diolonac:' trkes its defeat very >-.Ai-. fully. It can , in 
fc-.ct, he not very a.::reeaDle to tlien, to receive in front of the v:hole world 
the tesinony, th^.t they v/ent ii-to a cliu^sy British trap. 

-" disorders find vr^rs hr-d chosen' as their head 

The Sp-j^.08Jis rifter lonr ye.'.rs o: u 
chief tc:ln a cert; in Ilataafa v^-io v/as once before "ba^iished hy Gern<my, hut vrhom 
Gerr.?ji2/" now was willin;:'; to recognize." In f^-">ite of this the Superior Judge 
in ivpia vrho was ar)-nointed hy the three -orers, accepted the Sn^^lish jud^^-^enent , 
that Matahfa could not he elected, hecr..use he was 'once unsyrm^athetic to the 
Germaji .2;overnraent, VAien the ScjacsJis opposed this decision a-^ainst v;hich a^lso 
Germany protested, the Eii-lish maintained that an-^^rchy hfd broken out that had 
to be crashed by the voxier of arms. They induced the iV-aerican Adniral Kautz, 
v/ho in sy:dte of his Gernaji origin stuck to the British atid iiiieric^Ji enemies of 
Germ-ny, to unite with them for a "ounic ex edition" against the pretended 
rebels. This v/as -out under the le^idersliirj of a British officer and fell into 
an ambush. In vengeance the Allies c:.rried on a tn;.e i.icendiarism aiid destroyed 
P rticulary the plantations of the Germ.ans, who in their oinion had stirred 

I ? 3 
I C 


Aljendpost, October 




lis r. \'W»~'/ • -' -* 


the re"bellion, Seeniiirly it Wcv: trie intention of 

British to incite the 

United States to ^.■•' r v/ith G-ernrny, and the Grand Re'ublic entered into their 
pl£-:ns, "because they t]iou.;;^Tit that the G-err.aji Srroire v;:nts to use Saraoa only as 
a "base from v/hich to conquer the Philip^-^ine Islands, Ilov-cver German di"nlomacy 
succeeded in overcominf^ British intri ues -nd to convince the United States of 
the groundlessness of their fenrs. To the unjust and needless property 
destraction, Germany did not ^;?nt to sulonit outright, rnd the arbitrator a£^reed 
V7ith iier, 

With this the incident should he fully set'oled. V/hen the Anericani Jin.f;0 Press 
tries nov; to douht the imT^artiality of Kinf; Oscar, this is a meanness for v/hich 
there is no excuse. The Kinf^ of Sv/eden is of course "a monr.rch*', but that he 
should decide on this account cap'ainst the Renublic ir; nonsense because Great 
Britrdn a^jainst v/hon the deci^^ion ir also direct -d, h;^,s a -monarchical system 
of government too. Ividentl;' his jud£-enent is .ju;7t, and the United States 
should learn from their morr.l defeat, that it is not ^jood to be too much of 
a friend oi the f-ithless Albion, For the rest, they "oossess the reco^ir^ed 


I C 


Aoend oost, October 22, 1902 


best part of the entire Snmoan Islajicls, but they doii't l-niov/ uhat to do with 
it, \7liile Gcrmoiiy has irr.'^roved in every v/ay its assi;^ned p?Tt rind hr.s earned 
the highest satisfaction of the inliabit-^mts, G-erniany does not look .-..t her 
coloiiies as bein,^ nere toys* 

Ill H 
II A 1 

Vjf-itjrvi. - vi\ 

.^ bendpoG : , Cco. 17, 1902. 

DR. LOK.u-:z i:0::oRi:]j. 



i'ne lar.ouy . loiuri s-^.r eoii -;r, '.dolf Lorenz wis ch-erea zV,is :::orniii;;_; at the operat- 
inr^ room oT tl.e '^ouni.^' }i03oit' 1 bv more th-n 600 aocuo^-s r-nd stude^.ts -^Li'ter he 
rrxade kncvn in nlt-in '.;.--.r:.. ..ord': his h:ne)st ,]o' ''./oout tltj cordi-.l rGCST^tion which 
he had received 'uhere nd a ie\/ iritrod-*ctorv r6i-i':^rks a.;out his nQ\i tre-itiient 
r.ethod for hip dislo'-Liuions in chi^aren. Dr. ..orenz G'-en deMio::strH'Gac^ his ne;; 
i.:eui>od of tro!t..:ent en little o-'oients '-nr. c-illed lortli ti.e adrnircition of 
the audience v.r.o filled the r^m oh it heater " nd every avriilabl? spaca ••! ohe opera- 
tioii roo:.;. Tj-S :;ews th 't h/) cures suc?i c-ses jiGrou^ o;~)':;rntion has spre-d froj:. 
const to coa:i:t '^nd froa ^'linost ever'' cii:v he received aexiuions lo a idercake sach 
cares, foo ^re^t is -^Ire- ay the nianber of the litule ;atient3 .;ho "vere brou[;ht 
?iere for r}riv 'oe trerabaoat that io constate ^ vcGtojai- v to aaother v/eek's stay in 
Chic"; -o before Ye le'-ves for oaa ;''rraici?JCo . >till ho v;ij.l 1-ive zo :"ive a niunber 
of tho Closes zo loc 1 doctors aho are aov/ faailiar /ith his treat:..e:rt3 . Tonorrov;', 

iccaure at the .'eslev : osait' 1 for yoanj" docLors of 

Saturd-a/. :.e .;i±i -iv 

■J 9 

crthv;estorn Universit" and on his \vav back 'iron o' n Fr-aicisco he aill aay a visit 

to II is a^'tieabs Yiore as fur as his tiae will peri'.it. 

at tne 

in honor of the famous sr^ecinlist vris arr; n^^ed Inst nip'ht a ban.^uet 
Athletic Club by the iJhica;jo Orthopaedic Association and the Chicago durrical 



.bend,>ost, uct . 1':^, 1902. 

^^lp^(nl^PR^'» 30275 

Society, '"ir. l. 3. i'os:::er r3.Ye :i to^.st to '*Our highly beloved gueso** to v/hoin the 
doctorG of the old and new v/orld are obliged to render thanks. Dr. .illiam A. 
j]v:-tns in beh::ilf of che G ic'-.r;o ..ediccil Society and Jr. .:. L. }!arris of the 
Illinois St'ite . edic^l Society presented the celebrated ^l^^-st v/ith di-oloi:ns of 
honor-^ry morr.bershir). Dr. Lorenz accent ed ••11 these tri:*uteo -./ith the iiiode3Zv of 
a. really great rr^.n and CTDoke in fluent ].l]n['li'_:h -i out his pleasing' experiences in 
Chic* j^o. ''e said th-it his st-^y at '^}.ic' ro v;ill alv/riys re^^^aiii tlie finest remen- 
br-'-.nce of his life. 

Ill H 

. ■!*;^F 


III B 2 

III A Abendpoat. Aagaat.29. 1902. 

IT -- • 


. ;  " - . > *  

%  • 

German Consulate at the Schiller Building there reigned yesterday afternoon 
a special activity and also solemnity* The concern was to deliver in a 
festive, impressive, and dignified way the awards which Prince Henry ordered 
for those who made themselves deserving in connection with his stay in 
Chicago* The acting Consul Dr* Zoepffel had prepared for every one of them 
a short hut hearty address in which he expressed the wish of his majesty, the' 
German Zmperor, that the person in question may accept the order or honor- 
present and at the same time he delivered the tlianks of Prince Henry of . 
Prussia* y . 

Arthur !• Eddy, the lawyer and "the Lion of Chicago Society," received the 
fied Eagle Order of the 31*^ class, hut just as pride are the two coachmen 
John Uooney and Rohert Cook who drove the Prince through the streets, they 
received golden pins that are vaLuahle Jewels* More precious and of more 
artistic value are other pins that were given to the foil oiling gentelment 


. i 

- ■*»■■-■ 



- 2 - 

Al>endT)08t. lugaat ,29, 1902* 


the Chief of Police O^Neill, the Architect James Gamhle Rodgers, the painter 
Heinz Melxner, the Aldermen tfavor and Qoldzler, the gentlemen 7raxik Amherg, 
GustaY Xhrhorn, and C Rlcketts of Chicago* Cigarette cases with the name 
of the donor In diamonds were received hy Frank H. Jones and X. C. Halle* 

Photographs of the Prince with his signature were received "by Mayor Carter 
H* Harrison, Governor Richard Tates, the gentlemen 7. L* Lefens, Honors Palmer, 
Ullward Adams, Gabriel Eatsenherger, Harry G. Self ridge, Hiss Mc Veagh, Watson 
7* Blair, F* Willis Rice, George B. Adams, John J« Ultchell, Frederick B* 
Tuttle, Frank H, Jones^ Arthur Caton, Colonel Young, Mrs. Consul Wever* 

Large pictures of Prince Henry with his signature were given to the Germania 
Cluh of Chicago and the Milwaukee Art Institute* Orders hestowed were: 
Order of the Crown XXX Classt Consul Wever, Wllhelm Tocke, and Harry Ruhens, 
IVth class: the secretaries Reichel, Schlnger and Noculak of the German 
Consulate, the German Assistant Ll'brarian,C* F. L. Gauss and Mr. Wllhelm 
Schmidt, Order of the Red Xagle* III rd class: Augustus K. Xddy, I7th class: 
former Consul Haerlng. Dr. Zoepffel, Gustav Fischer, President of the 
Germania Cluh, Professor Camillo von Klenze, Architect Louis Guentzel and 
Gustav Zimmermann, the leader of German instruction at the public schools. 


/ V 


I A 1 t> 


Abend£Ost, Au[', 11, 1902. 
THr] R3D 3AGLE. 

Severr.l members of xhe "^.oard of :]duca-i.ion found it necessary to make investigation^ 
the reason, that effused the :}ev.rj\n govermnant oo recognize by the order decoration 
stream follov/inf^ the visit of Prince Henry, also the former superintendent of 
German instruction, Dr. G. A. Zi:.irnerinann. Mow they liava found out that the 
Gerrian consul, Dr. '.'alter ./ever, a fev; months ago had paid a visit oo several 
schools in company of Jr. Zirsmeriiiann. 

Of course these schools can be visited by anybody/, but the consul of a foreign 
land is not anybody. As such it is his duty, if he wants to get acquainted with 
p^ny arrangements in our state affairs, to call for the permission of the con- 
pelisnt authorities. 

Consul V/ever is at present in I'urope on a v? cat ion trip and '^r. Zirnniermann is 
absent from the city and therefore these tv/o interested parties cannot be asked. 
The consul in charge has no knov/ledge v/hat soever about the affair, and says that 
no official report of /the decoration was received by his office. He said that 
if a decoration v/as goven to Jr. Ziifjiierinann it could be only in recognition of 

- 'A v a o j 
i III li -2- aSHIlA^N*. o ^* ' •'^- i^\i 

Abend^ost, Aug. 11, 1902. 


his long activity at the public schools •xnd his efforts for the cultivation of the 
Gera-'jxi language '<xn^ tho German culture, bui: not for services as guide for the 
consul. School superintendent Cooley declared to our reporter that he has no 
report about any visit of the German consul and the c-uestion must stay open whether 
this report is only an invention or whether the violation of eti_^uette is a fact. 







III B 2 Abendpost , March 4, 1902 




Prince Henry of Fi^.ssia on his arrival yesterday evening was greeted by exi 
enormous crowd and his reception by the people was very enthusiastic. As soon 
as the train stopined, Mayor Harrison, A. J. Eddy and Consul Dr. ^/7ever with 
the City Council Comnittee, boarded the nrivate car of the Prince, where Mr. 
Harrison, after an introdi?.ction by Ambasr,ador von Holleben frreeted the guest 
with the words: "I bid you Chicago's welcome! " "Thanlc you", answered the 
Prince, and then Alderman Mavor prer-ented the greeting resolutions. The 
streets from the depot to the Auditorium Hotel were lined with thousands of 
people, TOGO members of German Clubs carrying torch lights and the parade was 
led by an honorary squadron of cavalry. Many music '" nds intoned, "Heil Dir 
im Sieger Kranz"... 

In an enthusiastic demonstration for the leader of the Germaji nation the 
celebration found its zenith at the Arm.ory of the first Regiment. Prince 
Henry himself after a short address invoked three cheers for his Imperial 
brother. Mr. Thies J. Lefens delivered vm address in German wi th a poetic 
.welcome address and several male and ladies' singing clubs sang (S-ermaji and 


III H -3- 5ERMA H:ywia ^4 

Aloendpost, March 4^ 1902 

\ 'y 

American songs. At the hanouet at the Auditorium Hotel 160 guests were 
present. Mayor Ha^rrison acted as Toastmaster. The Prince answered with a 
wa.rm address in English. Later in the evening a srrand festival hall was given 
at the Auditorium Hotel, the most elegant affair this city had ever seen. 
The Grajid March, luider the arrajigement of Alderman Honor e Palmer, was led 
hy the Prince and Mrs. Carter Harrison. 

Ill E 

III B 1 
I C 
I G 


Abendpost , !.!arch ?, 1902 



'aith extraordinary sr^tisfaction the G-err.ans of Chica£:o "bid wclccne to Prince 
Henry, "oecausehis visit in the United Stntes is a continuation of their ottu 
efforts to admit no ill-feeling "between their motherland and the land of their 
choice. 'jThen the British incitements in this country started to produce an 
unexpected and inexplicable resiilt and a large part of the En^rlish-Americsji 
Press ta^lked itself into a kind of war fury against Geri^-any, the G-ermans of 
this city arrajiged a protest meeting; that jnit an end, tc t>ie alarm. They 
declared that there exists not the smallest reason for suspicion or for 
enmity from Gerrrany, and that the c?.t tempts to stamp the entire American 
people as An£:lc-Saxon or Sn^lish, must "be rejected firmly. Their protest 
found an echo over the entire nation and did not fail of its im.pression on 
the yellow press a.s well as the ?ederrl Governrient. At least after this day 
another tone was evident. 

Since the Germiaji Emperor endeavored with great success to destroy the false- 
hood-v/ebs of the British and to prove tc the Arerican people that Germany 
never has ohstmcted the way of the United Sta^tes, and ahove all» never had 
Buy intention of sratching av/ay the Philippine Isl:inds or tc found colonies 


- a - V/' ^. 

III H Abeadpost . Mar. 3, 1902. (}^!.'All'"W" 


on Arerican soil* In order to give then a positive proof of his friendly 
attitude, he ordered his only brother to pry a visit to the Arerican people. 
The truly enth-jsi-^stic rece'^tion that v/as prepared everyrvhere to Prince 
Henry, shows without douht that t?.e Kaiser selected the ri^ht remedy, "but 
he could hardly hrve reaped such a succe?^s if everythin^^ had not been prepared 
GO excellently by the Germcii-A^.eri can St Therefore the Germans of Chic£i,£;o, who 
started the ball rolling without immodesty ca^n tf^ke credit for the v/arm 
denonstr?^tions for Prince Henry and the country he represents as the crowning 
of their efforts. 

They salute the representative of the Serman Imperial House as a ^est of 
the entire nation and as bearer of peace and friendship messages. First 
because they have becorrje .^ood and faithful citizen?, of the United States they 
rejoice that the connections are becc^inf: closer between tho land of their 
birth and their new homeland. Prince Henry is rest heartily welcome to all 
of then. 



III B 2 

III A Per V/esten , Jan. 20, 1901, 

I F 4 

The Thirtieth iUiniversary of the German Empire's Re-Creation 

The thirtieth anniversary of the German nation's regeneration under the 

leadership of an emperor, v/as celebrated yesterday evening by the members 

of our local veterans clubs at the North Side Turner Hall* Although the 

veterans are Ian-abiding citizens loyal to their newly adopted country, 

they nevertheless have the right to celebrate this important historical 

day, which has been of such tremendous significance to Germanism, They 

fought during that epochal period to attain the unification of Germany, 

and others v./ho were too young at the time to participate in the conflict, 

became recruits later and are still proud of having belonged to the best . ^, .\ 

army of the world. \ .' '  

The former soldiers were by no means the only ones who celebrated; hundreds 
of Germans, with an enduring sentiment for their native hearth, came to 
commemorate the event. 

Ill H - 2 - GSKMN 

III B 2 

III A Per V;esten > Jan. 20, 1901. 

I F 4 

The /orangenent Gonmittee, consisting of members of the German '.Jarriors Club 
of Chicago, the Landvjehrverein Reserves, the older contingent sy^, .-alliance 
of German Veterans, dissociation of German Comrades at .urms, German Veterans 
Club of Chicago, the V.arriors Club of Tov.n of Lake, the South Chicago VJarriors 
Club, and the Lake Viev/ V.arriors Club did their utmost to provide an excellent 
program and left nothing undone to promote the festival in a manner befitting 
the occasion. 

The hall vjas splendidly decorated vdth green garlands and the flags of these . 
and other military clubs. 

Great enthusiasm prevailed throughout the festival, and v/hen the presiding 
official, V/ilhelm Schmidt, acclaimed Germania and Columbia, i. e., the German 
Kaiser and the President of the United States, a ini.r^ty roar filled the immense 
hall, a thunderous release of pent up emotions, the like of v;hich is not often 
heard. V/e noted a repetition of this intense public approval v;hen the German 


Ill H - 5 - GSRI.IAIT 

III B 2 

III A Per V'esten , Jan. 20, 1901* 

I F 4 

consul, Dr. V.'alter IVever, ended his masterly, patriotic speech vjith a ^liail 
to iiiTierica," and asked the assembly to sin^ the "Star Spcmcled Banner," a 
re(iuest to which everyone gladly and enthusiastically complied. 

The festivities commenced promptly at eight o* clock. Kretschmar^s "Coronation 
Larch" was selected for the introductory number, follov.ed by V/eber*s "Jubilee 
Overture," whereupon V.llhelm Schmidt addressed the assembly: 

^'Esteemed festival participants ^erbatim/^: Thirty years ago, the Germans 
conquered their hereditary enei:iy. rit that time, they brought into captivity . 
more than one half of the French army, including Eiaperor Napoleon and his 
famous marshals, and surrounded proud, royal Paris with an iron belt. The 
German officers, leaders of a victorious ar^riy, entered the Hall of Llirrors 
in the Palace of Versailles, remnant of the bygone glory of the once almighty 
Ludwlg XIV. Downtrodden Germany consisted of a heterogeneous assembly of 
states. It was molded into a brotherly unit through the creation of an empire, 

liLS - 4 - GERLIAN 
III B 2 

III A Per V/esten , Jan. 20, 1901. 

I F 4 

which orginated in the palatial environs of Versailles, There the King of 
Prussia became Emperor of Germany. 

"»We wish to be a single people, but brothers all, never separating in 
danger and distress,' Thus resounded the troth in the halls of the great 

"It was King Ludwig II, of Bavaria, who magnanimously accepted the proposals 
of the Great Bismarck and the German potentates, presenting the emperor's 
crown to the King and hero, V/ilhelm I, of Prussia. Through this act, the 
Hohenzollern faiiiily became the hereditary imperial ruler of Germany, frtie 
name "Hohenzollern" means "High Tariff .J]/ 




"The old Prussian King, who had led the united German army to repeated victories, 
accepted the imperial emblem and promised, in his inauguration speech in the 
presence of the German leaders and generals, that he should alv;ays defend Germany's 

III B 2 

III A Per ;7esten . Jan. 20, 1901. 

I F 4 

cause and honor, 

*» After this festive act, wherein circumstances conspired that the German army 
should represent the German people, Germany became united again, a single nation 
led by one leader, the Umperor* 

"The glad tidings traveled fast and far everywhere, and reached ex-en this land, 
where the Germans had commenced to create a name for themselves. The occurrence 
broui-ht p. happy response abroad and here, as the Germans knew that reuniting 
of tlie various German peoples is destined to give the nation the rank and place 
it deserves in the world, position to v.hich it has been entitled for centuries. 

"And the German governinent, t::e German Emperor, proved it during the last thirty 
years, and has not forgotten the peregrinating countrymen v;ho, in the interim, 
became citizens of other nations. 

"Vaien the oldest German Veterans Club of the United States, the German V/arriors . 

Ill H - 6 - GSro^I 

III B 2 

III A Per V;esten , Jan. SO, 1901. 

I F 4 

Club of Chicago, asked the forjner emperor, V.'ilhelm I, in 1876, to honor 
the association with a flag, the great leader did not hesitate. Me sent 
the precious gift to LIr. Claussenius, German consul in Ghicaco, requesting 
him to present it to the club in Lis L'ajesty^s naine, 

'*At that time a huge throng of Chicago Germans appeared. It happened in 
this hall where v/e now celebrate the nev; birth of Germany. 

"And the present Smperor, 'llhelm II, has also followed the precedent of 
his departed, noble grandfather. V/hen, in the year 1899, the German .jnbassa- 
dor von Holleben submitted the wish of the Central .illiance of the German 
Llilitary Clubs of Chicago and vicinity to the Emperor, His Llajesty did not 
hesitate. lilmperor* V.'ilhelm II sent the present to the local consulate, and 
requested that the chief respresentative of the German nation in iiinerica ..-" 
shall give it to the Central ,illiance in the nsime of His I.lajesty. His \ 

Excellency von Holleben gladly complied, and conveyed the Ei.iperor^s greet-  
ings to the former members of his army. 


Ill H - 7 - GSRLIaN 

III B 2 

III A Per :Testen , Jan. 20, 1901* 

I F 4 

"During the presentation address, the ambassador said: *His Llajesty is fully 
aware that the comrades of the Central Alliance are mostly citizens of the 
United States, but he desires above all that they shall show the same sterling 
qualities as American citizens as it behooves their former standing as German 
soldiers and burghers.' This then expresses the Siaperor^s definite wish. 

"Now, gentlemen, I feel certain that v;e have heeded his desire in the past 

and shall follow it in the future. V/e are loyal citizens of the United States. 

"But our love and esteem for our old Fatherland, the native shores, Germania, 
will never disappear, and that is why we congregate here today to celebrate 
the re-creation of Germany, the thirtieth anniversary of German unification ' 
under a single leadership. 

"The military clubs w^hich arranged the festivities asked me to bid you welcome. 
I gladly accede to this request, and on this occasion let us acclaim our old 

»;; J' 

Ill H - 8 - GERIv'IAN 

III B 2 

III A Per V/esten , Jan. 20, 1901» 

I F 4 

Mother, Germania, and our nev; Ivlother, Goliunbia. I ask you to rise and 
repeat the acclamation, ♦Germania, the German Erapire and its great leader. 
Emperor V/ilhelm II; and Columbia, v/hich gave us such a friendly reception, 
the glorious Republic of the United States and its representative, the 
President, Haill Haill Hail!" 

ilfter the tumultuous response subsided, E. L. F. Gauss, assistant librarian, 
recited the prologue, a masterly poem of his ovm creation, v.liich brought well- 
nigh unending applause, 

•Though hundred years ago, 

Germany had great men, 

iOid the '.Vorld became av.are 

Of v;hat the German mind created; 

Though v;e had aiabitious youths, 

Likewise German faith and duty; 

Though one spoke of German virtue. 



> ^. » 



III B 2 

III A Per West en t Jan. 20, 1901 • 

I F 4 

Germany did not exist • 

Disintegrated within its boundaries, 

The sordid fate of a glorious land; 

TVhilst the cultured contemplated, 

And the brave strained their fists • 

It remained apathetic, dormant, 

Enshrouded by midnight dreams. 

Ftogs croaked in dismal swamps; 

The people were not aroused. 

Motivated by special interests, 

Everyone lived in a small state • 

It provided food. 

And a small harvest. 

Of irtiat concern are the others, 

Vfltio cares for a Fatherland? ^ ^s 

If he does not prosper, 

He merely, merrily migrates. 


Ill H - 10 - G5RIQW 
III B 2 

III A Per V/esten > Jan. 20, 1901. 

I F 4 

^^^togetlier, ten verses, classical in conception and expression, in v/hich 
the poet compares the German Kaiser of the 1870-71 period to Lloses, v/ho 
united his people. He speaks of the coronation in the enemy* s stately 
hall, Versailles, France; of the German eagle on the nation^s coat of arms, 
and ends by saying, "The last century gave us a mighty heritage, a father- 
land, magnificent and astounding. Let us again proclaim our affection 
on this thirtieth anniversary." 

Hermann Dietz, the v/ell-known German baritone, sang and v^as rev;arded v.ith 
great applause. He selected an aria by Llilloeker, "Black Clouds." 

Then the orchestra played "Lilitaria," a medley by Stetefeld, after which '-^^^-'P 
follov/ed the address of Dr. V/alter V/ever, German consul. Let it be recorded /<" 
here, that the Consults speech was interrupted constantly v.lth outbursts 
applause. "The Star Gpangled Banner" was the next number on the program, 


Ill H . - 11 - GSRIviAN 

III B 2 

III A Per V/esten , Jan. 20, 1901. 

I F 4 

the entire assembly participating* 

Dr. v;. Wever's S-oeech 

"Ladies and Gentlef.ien, The program lists the song "Geririany, Germany above 
all,'' but I ask you, with due permission of the Chairman, to sing the ^jrierican 
National ^them, ''The Star Spangled Banner," because my speech is dedicated 
to your new Fatherland. You knov., that as consul, it is one of my principal 
duties to promote amity and do my share in the furtherance of mutual good vdll 
between the two nations. The manner v;hereby such reciprocal sentiments may be 
attained, depends on the countless and ever present daily occurrences; even 

"V/ords cannot define it, but formalities, such as the present festivity, are ;^ ;"p' 
calculated to foster such friendly relations. \ > ' ' '. 

"The founding of the German Empire, in the midst of the Old V/orld, created a 

Ill H - 12 - GERMAN 

III B 2 

III A Per VJesten > Jan. 20, 1901. 

I F 4 

nation which no other power dared attack during the last three decades, and, 
likewise, it produced an empire which is self-sufficient and shows no inclination 
for aggrandizement through conquests. This dual status also created the tremendous 
commerce which is such a blessing to the New and Old World, a fact of incalculable 
significance, particularly to these two nations, whose fortunes are so closely 
interwoven, that our festivities cannot be emphasized enough, especially in foreign 
countries. My vocation necessitated considerable traveling, I saw a large part 
of Europe, South America, and lately the United States of North America; and 
everywhere I made the same observation: The German was only tolerated in foreign 
countries, but since the unification of Germany he became an honored, respected 
member of his community. 

•*May you be ordained to bring increasing honor to your German origin, iiere, in 
America. The German West already is regarded as a mighty factor in American 
politics, and Chicago, German Chicago, is classified as the astounding city 
of this wonderland. The entire world centers its attention on this mercantile 

Ill H - 13 - GERMAN 

III B 2 

III A Per v;esten > Jan* 20, 1901. 

I F 4 

empire, a ceaseless force of mental and physical labor* Allow me, as a 

non-American, to give tribute in common with the universal admiration, 

and let us all proclaim, »The new homeland, America, may it endure for everl*'^ 

Professor von Klenze's Speech 

♦•We are celebrating the thirtieth anniversary of the German empire • • • • 
The ungratified yearning of centuries, the dream of German patriots, have 
reached fruition; it appears now in all its splendor, the new empire, a 
young colossus after ceaseless striving. The promises have been, fulfilled. 
No country, not even the recently founded cultural nations, surpass it in 
its superabundant vitality. 

'♦Mightily it developed, and nowhere does it take a secondary place in the 
great race for supremacy. But this emblem of strength is not detrimental ^/. 
to other people; time and again this great power asserted itself to assure 


Ill H - 14 - GERMN 

III B 2 

III A Per Westerl y Jan. 20, 1901. 

I F 4 

the peace of Europe. 

•TIever has a nation been more justified to look vilth pride and gratitude 
upon its statesmanship than Crermany, after it realized a unification of its 
separate factions. People, as a v/hole, have something in common with 
individuals. Some are blessed with constant development and reach their 
goal quicldy, whereas others are doomed to long, incessant labors, endless 
disappointments, and, when courage reaches its lowest point, success appears 
at xast • • . . 

^May God grant continued growth to Germany during the ensuing centuries; may 
it always be a protectorate of the weak and the pride of the strong I" 


His rhetorical masterpiece was rewarded with unstinted, merited recognition. ^>^ y 

The assembly then sang "We Shall Remain Steadfast and Irue." The Male chorus 

Ill H - 15 - GERMAN 

III B 2 

III A Per VJesten , Jan, 20, 1901» 

I F 4 

added '♦The Faithful German Heart •*♦ 

The final vocal selection was Mr. Dietz's solo, "The v;anderer*s Song," 
which aroused intense enthusiasm. 

Dueppeler's "Trench Ljarch" ended the program, that is, its official part* 

A ball followed, and the younger eleiaent remained until davm. 

• . '■■'' 
Mayor Garter H. Harrison was present. 

Finally, we may add that the leader of the 58th Infantry Regiment, Roderich 
A^ von Luanstein, a witness of the coronation at Versailles, was among yesterday's 
celebrants. He is the proud owner of the Iron Cross of the Second Class and the 
Red Eagle kedal, with swords; honorary awards for his prowess in 1870 and 1856. 

The following telegrams were received in the course of the evening: 

Ill H - 16 - GERMAN 

III B 2 

III A Per VJesten , Jan. 20, 1901. 

I F 4 

A raessage of regret from LIr. Holleben, v;ashington, D. C, who is detained 
and therefore cannot be present . • . 

Reminiscent greetings of the Central Alliance of German V/arriors and Veterans, 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

/ y 

Ill XI 

II B 2 d (1) 

III B 1 

I A 1 b 


Illinois Staats-.:3ltunp: . IIov. 60, 1900. 


•x ^l. _, 


A novsiient is no:.' afoot in r;erriany to rotain the CTorinan eiai.^rant:-- 
as citiz ms of t\v^ Roich. It ic consirered a heavy loss to t/io 7atherland 
that those -.Tho era ^rat i to another country-and t...ey are -tiany-sever their 
poli->ical connections ith t :eir old homolrmd. It has been pointed out 
that the :nr:lish eni -rants added to Lhe develomaent of the British i^mpire, 
v/hen they settled in Canada or in Australia, fhey did so in their ovm 
intercot but reriained loyal to their country. 

It is rat .er late to i.iake these obsorvations no.;. 'Jn.^land has be^n a v;orld 
power for soiae tine, and lier colonies are of vital iriportunce to hor. our- 
rounded by v/ater as she is it i.; rnly natural that T^n^lish e-ii -rants vjish 
to settle in her possessions across the sea. Ger/iany's sea coast on the con- 
trar3'- is a small area. rotv;ithstandinf^ this obstacle, Crorrian soirit and 
dili^'^ence have :aade progress and are reco?:nizod in all foroip:n countries. 

'Ulieii too, tho advanta.2;es v/hich r]n^land is suT>po3od to derive ::i'o:ii h -r colonies 
are over-estimated. 


-' T.T 

Illinois Staats-Zeltun- , ::cv. -30, 1900 


It i3 a- u3ele3G to -rieve over G-aruany^s sliarin^^ in the s;;irils of the 
v;or':, I^:. v.^oulc b:;: futil n-x: for Crnr :any to try to recapture the lost 

G^riTiany, ris indicated at t'^e •• t of article is anxious to incuc? 

the Jeri.ian i i .i'^raiit to refrain frori political participation in his adopt-^d 
•lomeland;- in other !;ord3 to re lain loyxil to Ocrriany, The Koolnische Zeitnns 
enpressed the c:^inion th-\t the G^riaan i T^ii --rant in t-io United 3t tos could - 
easily he vj'^n over to this '^che^ae. To acco^T:">li3h. t'us, it is iaporative 
that the i::T'ii.:;:ra:it :a'iould be hept undar t'la -.-atchxful eyes of an or-^anization, 
'.vhich in turn vrould nurture -ds loydty to tjie Reich, Tiie Oerrian influence 
in /ashin-^ton v;ould " e equally as i. .port ant • 

They exoect our icierican *overirrLont to -ive its assistance to a certain '^ v{p^^ c 
people, so that it 3iay >atild a state vnithin a state. ..nrl v:hat about the \r^ J^' 
i:Lai:T;rant? 'ould lie not encounter Material hards-\ir)3 b"^ such i3>clation? '*^-«.-,-^^ 
It is not cl'..-ar to us of -.rhat advanta^^^e such a procedure v;ould be to Oremany. 



■\ T' 



Illinois 3taat3-".^3itun-;:, Tov. 3C, 19G0 

^-vs a na^tsr of fact, as naturaliz3c .\in~rican citizen? tlie^r are nuch ^^^ore 
useful to Ger^any, Tliey ara voters t;.e::, anc: as such car influ^.:ice the 
^-^overmuent . Th ^ vrelfare of the country rill alv/a^-s be the fip.'^t concoi»n 
of our Federal rovenizient , and it vjill ar.';a""s advocate fair oealinrs nath 
the Gerjiian-.uTierican citizens* 


xhe 3:c:lanation for the present 

n . 

j-er::ian riove. lent \:\ u 

4- V 

hat the imi^rant i 

cornpl-^tely absorbed b;- thi? nation. The Crer: !an-/ui:;rican is not th- t^-pe 
of nan • ager to sever ties -ith his native land. -lis inter-est in G^rnan^^ 
'.'ill always 'oe/si^^t. ..liat he iias achieved in the interest of his loeonle 
surnasses eveivthin'- ever acco:.r)li.v:hed bv any nationality^ at an^^ tine. 

Official recG:*niti'n of the 'Gernan lan^ua^e is also due to tiie tireless 
efforts of the 'Ger:'ian->i^""ican3, Cur educational systen has included the 
study of this lan'^ua^e in the curi'iculu:.i c:* t]ie nublic sg>.oo1s. 

ivnd there is still another thin^; con^^^are our Ger:'ian-/^n^^rican press v:ith 
that of Gernany, and it -;ill be seen that the forr.ier eniovs a iiuch :;ider 




llli:i is 

"'4- oo-^ 

.} odd. O 

" ?ioim 


^ov. oC.: 1900 

circulation. There are thou;Handr> of C-enan societiGo thr':U:2;iioiiu the 
country vrhich uso the Gernan lan'*uan;e eixiclusively^ 

Cr'^Pj !^IT 







Yes, Gerrriany is represer.ted at her ber-t in the "niter. States, 



Illinois Staats Zeitung ^ Nov* 9, 1900 • 


It is indeed of little importance whether or not the European Press approves 
our recent election* 

In Europe they know little about the conditions in our country^ with the ex* 
ception of only a few; furtheimore, they are governed by a intense prejudice 
against this republic of ours# 

McKinley was never a favorite either of the Geznan or of the Austrian press. 
If his name appears, it seems to be necessary to make the sign of the cross^ 
just as if Satan himself had been mentioned^ They reproach Ibfinley for his 
interference with Europesi industry* Furthermore, most of the German and the 
Austrian press sided against us during the conflict with Spain* They went 
even further in their antagonistic attitude , by ridiculing our army and navy* 
Only recently a disgraceful poem was published in the ^ *Kladderadatsch>^ a Berlin 
newspaper, which we have pat on display in our offices^ Only a small percentage 
of the German press is in sympathy with the policy of our countzy* For instance, 
the well edited Frankfurter Zeitung acknowledges our accomplishments, and our 
position among the most powerful nations of the world# Concerning our recent 

-2 - 

III n 

III A Illinois Stcats Zeitun-, Nov. G, 1900, 

G3PJ All 

election, the Frankfurter Zeitun-* saidj "It is i-.Dc^ci;. le tc disre-srd the 
political achieveiaent attained oy that cclcssal country kncvm to us es /jaerica; 
neither con the v/crld passive to /juerica's cc: j ercial cor.ipetiticn." 
There are still newspapers in rrenaejiy wiiich consider the Oernien-Ariericeji citi- 
zens as ::.eiLbers cf the Genitan Reich. Ao such, t-iey are expected tc exercise 
their political influence, in favor of Germer. coi:*:.erce v.nd industry. How stupidi 

In matters of politics end econoi.iics \we, Gerinsji-.linericeiis, are true ^\;:ier icons. 
We af^ree mth .^nf^lc-Aiaericans; cur firct concern is the welfare ci' our 
country. To those newspapers which .:lsrepresent cur attitude i^nd oue;ition cur 
sincerety as iuiiericans, we reply tiiat net only do tney insult us, but they rilsc 
belittle us in the eyes of the An-:lo-Ai.iericans. V»hen we took tiie oath bs /jner- 
ican citizens, we cersed to be subjects cf the Gennan Sinpire. The loyalty of 
Germon-Americciis cannot be questioned. 

This we hove deiixnstrated during tiie Civil V/ar and on various other critical 
occo.sions. If the Gennoj:! Journo.lists were only partly as intelligent as their 
";overniiient, they v;ould cf;use th'? latter less concern. They should remenber the 

words cf the Bimericr v;ho stated net Icn^ a^o: Politic, lly, I know no Gerion- 

- 3 - 


.Illinois Stt^ats Zeitun^, licv. 9, 1900. 

Air.ericejis, but cnly Ainericejis.'* 

This viev/pcint v/e else shore. Tiiis country is cur country; v/e belonf; to this 
nation rnd we sha-.l defend it, becuse it is cur country, right or v*Tcns« 



Illinois Staats-Zeltiing , June 8, 1900. 



The new German Consul in Chicago, Dr. Walther Wever, arrived with his wife 

and their three children yesterday. Dr. Wever functioned as German Consul in F 

Rio de Janeiro before his transfer to Chicago. He is the son of His Excellency C 

the Privy Councillor and Attorney General, Dr. Wever, and the descendant of an ;§ 

old and prominent family of jurists. He received his early education in Berlin 2 
and later studied law at the University of Heidelberg. 

Dr. V/ever was born June 24, 1859, in the city of Berlin. After he received 
his degree in 1887, he functioned for a short time as judge in one of the courts 
of Berlin, but in December of the same year he entered the foreign office. In 
July, 1888, he was transferred to the German Consxilate in Paris. In 1890 he 
was called upon to manage the affairs of the German Consulate in Bucharest. 
This position was only temporary, for he was soon appointed vice-consul at 
Sofia, Bulgaria. Then followed his appointment in 1893 as chief consul at 


— J 


Ill H - 2 - GlgtMAN 

Illinois Staats-Zeltung , June 8, 1900. 
Rustschiik and another appointment in 1895 as Consul in Rio de Janeiro^ 



Ill H 


III 3 2 

Illinois Staats Zeitunr^, \pr. 11, 1900. y/pA /p j .no.. .,- ,, 

■"h:^: .union of iiiLrrARY soci^^iss. 

The Centr?^l Union of the Germn ::ilitrjry Societies of Chicn^o decided at its 

recently held meetins, to honor the Gerrium -nbass^idor, Dr. von Kolleben, by 

bestowing on him the title of honorary president of the union. Dr. von JIol- 

lebon \7ns honored thus, in appreciation for his efforts to provide tte Central 

Union v/ith the imperial German flag and for the person 1 presentation of the 

After Dr. von Ilolle ben's acceptance of this proposed honor v/as received, the 
diploirn, a document representing beautiful worknianship, ims presented to him 
yesterday. The e^gle ar-pearing on the diploma is flanked by the German and 
Anerican flags, beneath which -ppears the follov/ing inscription: **The Central 
Union of the German I'ilitary rSocieties of Chicago and surrounding areas here- 
by appoints his excellency, the Gerirn ambassador, Dr. von Ilolleben, as hon- 
orary president of the Central Union. The society thus expresses its deep 
appreciation to Dr. von Holleben, for services rendered to this union.** 

Ill E 


ATjendpost , Apr, 1, 1896. 


The Grerman Vice Consul Fr?Jiz Bopp, who has teen in office in Chicago since 
1893, will go tack to Germany, April 18th and will serve in the army as a 
reserve officer for six weeks. He protatly will he attached to the foreign 
office in Berlin, though it may he possitle, that the German Government will 
send him hack to Chicago. Nothing definite can he obtained yet, ahout his 
prohahle successor. 


Ill H 
III B 3 
I G 


\6 '^•*-«. ,v/ 

DH ABUmPOST. September 7th, 1895, 

German Var-Yeterans from Chicago in Berlin* 

Among the German War-Veteranst who came from America to participate in the 
German WarTeteran»-Te8tiTal8 at Berlin* wae also a group of German Warveterans 
from Chicago* To honor the Americcui gueetSt a great hanquet was given by the 
Berlin Singing Society, "Phllharmony" # 

The excellent nueic was fumiehed hy a German military Orche8tra» which played 
among other fine mneicpiecee also a march, composed hy a Chicagoan* Mr* Kalhits* 
The German general Yon Loe made a speech, and greeted particularly the American visi* 
ors* Mr* Schlenker, President of the Chicago Warveterans Association, thanked all 
for the hearty reception in Berlin, and promised the loyalty of German-American 
Waryeterans to the old Tatherland* ^ 

Ill H 

II E 2 

DIE ABgNDPOST, Aug^jst Ijth, 1^95. 


To all GrermaxLS and G'^rman-Am'^rricans. 
The German Consul Dr, Crrl Buenz is issuing* the following warning: 

" I received lately many conrolaints alDOut peor^le, using the German Eagle or 
Imperial Coat of Arms on letterheads, various* stationery and literature for "business- 
propaganda and even for fraudulent purooses^ I am investigating all reported c^ses 
individually and want to make it known, thst I pjn the only authorized German ^onsul 
for the following territory: Horth and South Dakota, Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, 
!Ie"braska, Wisconsin and Wyoming. My office is located on the 5th floor of the 
Kedzie Building, 120 E. Randolph Street. Any person, using my najne, office or 
Imperial Seal, is guilty of misrepresentation and will l:e prosecuted v/ithout delay. 
I owe this publication to the interest of all Germans and German-Americans of the 
said territory." 

Dr. Corl Buenz, 
German Consul. 


Ill E 
III B 2 

A^endpqst, May 24, 1895. 



April 24th, the local "German Veteran Glut" sent an artistic diploma to 
Prince Bismarck, making him an honorary member of the clu'b. Yesterday, the 
Clu'b received a letter of acceptance from the imperial Chancellor of the 
German Empire, which was signed "by his own hands and with the following 

"It will "be a distinction to me, to "belong to the"German Veterans Glut" in 
Chicago as an honorary member •" 

Von Bismarck. 

Ill H 

. WPA -r 

^ ^'i &ERMAN 

Die Abendpost, June 5th, IS9U. 

Again In Vain* 

The Silver prohlem has disrupted to such an extent our monetary system and husiness 
life^ that finally all organizations of German-Americans all over the country de- 
cided to select a commission of prominent German-American manufacturers, business 
men and hankers » to study from the bottom our de-olorahle business-situation and 
find a sensible solution towards normal conditions* This German commission has 
been in session during four months in Washington and came to the conclusion, that 
there is no remedy for our economical ills, as long as the value of merchandise is 
different in every State of the Union. The Chambers of Commerce of all States 
should get together to stipulate a standard value of any kind of merchandise for 
the whole country* After this has been accomplished, it will be easy, to regulate 
the standard value of silver in the United States and subsequently also abroad 
in all commercial relations on the worldmarket. 


We agree with the findings of the German commission Imt doubt that there is enough 
feeling of responsi-bility In every state towards the general Interests of the Union 
and^the American people. In order to create the harmonizing effects as described 



\ - 


GERMlHV^ tf-. 


I A 1 a 

I A S a Die Abendpost, Uarch 10, IggU. ! 



Professor Wetzoldt from Berlixit as we remember, has T>een in America last year 
to study the American School system. He stayed also a few months in Chice^o, to 
complete his studies. 

At present. Professor Wetsoldt is lecturing in Germany on our School system* We 
are publishing herewith some of this noted Professor' s impressions ahout our 

Based on the individual freedom and liberal laws, the merican people have a 
highly developed grade of self^consciousness, which is^reflected in the mental 
attitude of teachers and pupils. The American child, going to school, is quickly 
advanced in character and knowledge. Subsequently, the school term, lasting 
eight years in prim€try schools, is often shortened to four years for some pupils. 

On the other hand, there are certain defective conditions, which darken con-* 
siderably the picture of American schools, For instance, only 72 per cexrt of all 
children of school age are actually coming to school. The other 28 ^ cannot be 

ffl H -2- 

Die Abendpost, March 10 , IggU. 

traced "by the law, as there is no official record of all persons in regards to 
their change of location or address. The pupils are going to school three to 
four months during the year. The number of school-days is actually only I3U 
(in Germany about 2Uo days)* Home lessons are rare and not df^finite. There is a 
large numher of Protestant and Catholic Church schools, which according to 
Professor Wetsoldt are inferior to the ouWic schools as to teachers and 

iTidently* the woman in America is considered to he the hearer of cultural life, 
not only at home, but also in schools* Therefore most teachers are women. 
In the City of Chicago alone, there were 200 male teachers besides 3OOO women 
teachers, who are admitted to the most responsible and highest positions. This 
is causing a steady decrease of male teachers, who gradually are falling off to 
look for more promising careers* 

The American School system is more or less under the influence of local politics, 
which ^0% sometimes causes great inconvenience to the School Board and teachers* 


Illinois Staats Zeitung > Oct* 17, 1893* 


His Opinion about Judicial Procedure in 


p. &•. Judge Stein returned from his Exiropean journey and says that he feels 
mentally and physically strengthened. He will resume his official activities 
tomorrow. Every Saturday will be set aside for divorce cases. 

It is interesting to hear his dissertations about the German judicial system 
which he studied thoroughly. '^I have noticed," he said yesterday, ^hat the 
German judges have a different position than here. They feel a greater sense 
of dignity and are also more conscientious in their judicial duties. Abroad 
the judge questions the witnesses, although the lawyers are also able to ask 
questions which the judge may have overlooked. The petitions and acts in civil 
as well as criminal cases contain much more detail, are more thorough than in 
the United States. It is quite unusual that an appeed is taken to a higher 
court and all legal business is therefore settled more promptly than here.** 

Ill H 

J-I B 2 d (1) 



Illinois Staats-Zaitung ^ Aug* 23, 1893. 


p* 4 - Vr. Karl Buenz, German Consul in Chicago, sends us the following 
Informationt The German Chancellor has empowered Dr. Paul Richard ffelker, 
2459 Prairie Ave., to give physical examinations to German citizens to 
ascertain their fitness for military service, and is authorized to issue 
official certificates* This affects all the Germans who are subject to 
military service even if they have lived in the United States for a lone 
time* ^ 

At last the German government shows some consideration for its faithful 
citizens, and does not send them on a long journey to New York or San 
Francisco when they wish to be examined for military eligibility. This 

• 2 - 


Illinois Staata-Zeitimg t Aug* 23 > l893* 

new regulation is due to constant representations by the Staats^^Zeitung ^ 
which were supported by the German Consul, Ur. Buenz, and emphasized by the 
attraction exercised by our World's Fair# The latter undoubtedly opened the 
eyes of the European gentlemen and made them realize how great the Chicago 
German population is« Uany German governmental officials crossed the ocean 
to see the Columbian Exposition and here gained the conviction that to 
expect the German citizens to sacrifice time and money for a long trip to 
New York was asking too much. 

Although the arrangement has been a protracted affair, - its final reali- 
sation is nevertheless welcome* In the name of the faithful patriotic 
Germans of Chicago and of the Northwest, we express our thanks to the 
Ebperor, the Chancellor, the Consul and to all those who took a hand in 
the matter***** 

Ill K 

Ch ic • ;o^ ,'j^^2lifi:2.5L *^''^-^" ^-^5 1^:^3, 

^Vi"A (sLL./ f^Kwj. JI^^./3 


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sp2a'-'5rs' :t^in-l '7-jr:.v:.n noble. en, co:; issionc!:! by t^ 

— T- 

-i- 4 

e :''.isoir hiniseli, spoke to 

one psopj.^ :in o/ieir native •-. 

on'"ue, an i sz^rrel m.o 

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rl'i :d "'.ave "I'lvo ^ in 

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c^ noble Dart • 

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ijv.:lo-o:.:9:Tt ol -^Ve Jilted 

•at riot ic mem* 

: e 3 on 3 
States • 

.?.ousand sin' ers, \:a,j3evi 

i.y' D 01 r3:i- a id v/r:i::t- 

?he nreat Geri-vin chorus 


U .0 vic-'S nlo'/i - iil3;i in.o -uheir se'^ts 


-i-xX n • .J — u ^n.i.^-u^ 

Chica o ."ri'iun-^, June IC . Ic03. 

• WFA (iLL) PRO., 3C2/D 

the various societies took th-eir places at the re-xr of tl'ie sin'^ers* stcin-.l 
they plant e* b/.eir b'^iin./rs a^'ainrit the top r'iilin^-, 'j.nd at 2 o*cloc!: it \ms 
ablaze ./i.;-'- '-olor. One of t]-:e first of the societies to arrive \ms tho Ger- 
man veterans, their com^.arider, r.odericli von rfin:istoin, -oroudly './earinf- the 
Hack Cross on his coat. A fev; minutes later, Uiider the blue and .-^ol 1 banner 
of the ITni-^hxs and Ladi^=!S of I'onor, a hundred :7o:-^i-3n, v/earin ; sashes of the 
3tars and 3tri-oes, iJ3.rc]ie^' in r.iilitar;^ order to t-ieir seats. The sin.^-ers 
dressed in black, white, and r d, una seated so j]i-..t "c.hey for-.:ed zYio flag of 
''-er.^iany. BeloTT were tl.e children, all in ^.vhite, back of the::: \:or.en in p;o\vns 
of re.;., s^ill farsher ':o the rear '':/..e men lornin-; the black stripe of the 

■^ TO/"" 

'Shortly after 3 ©''clock Herr '.'ernuoh, rerr^le-ident in a uniform of ^old, crir.i- 
scn. ^n'l blue, walked out to the speakers' stand, "th him were Presioent 
Halle and Ifcyor'arrison. '^)irector 0. hatzenber.c^er climbed up in^o his seat and 
waved his r.^a^ic baton. At the si-:nal 2,000 sinyers arose in their seats. 
Ac'-ain ':he babon was raise I, the t'e children in v/aitin;^ started to sin,^^ 
'*Deutschland, Deutschland uber ulies." As they sang the stronger voices of the 
women took up the strain, a d then a splendid bass came from the seats of the 
m:en singers. As the proud chorus arose to tl^e skies, the patriotic melodjr 
stirred the hearts of the Germans ./ho looked and listened fro:n the stand 

Ill } 


Chica o Jribune, Jun? lo, lb93. ifinj^ aw \ i-::^i\\ Hvy/K 

before ths ca itle and iroi-i their seats crane an ansv/ echo. Then v/hen 
they liad fi;iishe'"l fro:;. zYe ::-assed thousands cirne the crv of "bravo". 

hairi-r^^.n Iiaile of the Citizens Co.'jnittee, in a brief speech declar d the ex- 
ercises opened, and v;as ;;]reeted v/ixh further cheers. Then I'roMi the norxh 
came the sou:id of marti':\l music. L'arching under stained and tattered banners, 
zhe Stars and Strroes ajnon^ then, v/i'^h a military band playing "Das 7'axherland" 
at their head, came the r.^n of the ^eutscher Krieger Verein. Af^ain a thrill 
of pa:riotic oride went throu- h the crowds, and three cheers \:ent up as they 
halted beior'- the castle. 

rierr Harry Rubins v;as introduced to deliver a welcome on behalf of the Gerrnan- 
Amoricans to thieir brothers fro:: the Fatherland. As he began the sou:'id of 
another band playing to the sou'.h broke in and drov/ned his voice. I-e stopped 
and the cravvd parted to rnake v/ay for the famous Von luloi; Band. They played 
for five minutes, v;hile Chairman Iiaile vainly endeavored to stop them and 
give Ilerr Rubens a chance to finish ]"iis address, .'hen they had finished there 
v/as a roar of lau;";hter and then Ilerr Rubens continued. As he progressed cheer 
after cheer met his patriotic sullies. Then he called for attention and Ilerr 
Vermuth, the Imoerial German Coi':mi3sioner, in his military uniform, and Baron 
von Holleben stepped forv/ard. In he'^rty Teutonic fashion Herr Rubens presented 

Ill II 

- 4 - 


C hica'O Tribun3 , June 16, 1893. 

each of the distinrruished Garrnns to their count ryi.ien. Then he called for an 
old-ti :e rreetin<^- to the ?at:ierland and its r. presontatives. 

**HochI** cried Herr Rubens, and at the 7/ord i:,000 hats and as niany v/avin^; hand- 
kerchiefs filled the air, \\hile such a volley of sou. id \/ent up as only sturdy 
Germans, stirred by patriotic impulses can irake. After the Von Bulo'.v musicians 
played again "Die acht am Rhein," the .iinbassador. Baron von Kolleben, 
was introduced. lie urged his countrymen to hold dear the iriemory of their Fath- 
erland and their iiother tongue. "Never,** he said, "let these memories be for- 
gotten,** and from the people rose up the answering shout of "Never, never 

f If 

Carl Schurz was the next speaker. V.Tien he had finished there were cheers and 
cries of "Hoch" that sounded as far as the crowd v/as Liassed. The celebration 
continued in the evenin-^ at Festival Hall, 

Ill >I 

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10 T . O »» T* ■^'' T *^ r-. >* "^ *•■> "i"»- ' "^   *"■'.' . •->■^'.-^ ,^ V» -"^ T» T ! I -i /^- .-^ I '» . <-» /^ —. ^ ^ -i »-^ v« - '". +■ r-> /^. i "-•-. . ^ri "'^ I ' ' ■*•'■* '(^ /■, V^ .^ 

cf 3ernc.n'% Cn th^ t di '' vill also "be hc^lc the .":enero.l elections for Ihe 
return of nor.'bcrs to the n-- roichi:ta;» 

Tho£.e (C-err?4n^) who c-re cltizeni^ of the '"/nitc'' Str.t^r, for the r.ost pert s;;Tipa- 

-' X J. a. J Cv-aU. V, iC^ liU A- tI.Ar 11 V. . X tw* X L ■•::,•. ciw \.u.-i.— X ~j U^C L v .»XU.<^' J c X c ^ c~w U.JL-.' i,. :^ 

"brc-tc their n-r-tional day cn Jure 15, he c "boon t^'ccr. o.r. an indicrti'^r, Ir sone 
q^iarter^:, that they inJcrse r'n_^:vcrcr rilli^n'a uilitcr^^ policy' and desire lain 
tc siiccec^c c-t the olecticni. T^io turner sccietiee of Chic^v:c, which repre.:ent 

J-1 • • •n • - 

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to pc-a';..c-i.: Vw ir t.xe proco::^! :•- O'l '^erniari Ta/ if 11 is u:iaeri:tood that by 




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doiar 30 they ^rs uit ia the ;jC2i1:!wii of l^dorjl^rs ZriiO^roi' "'llli^n and his 

iru; menboi^ uf tae 

u -A.J'.'it;i'  i3 S 


vfe lire no 

' ^* ^cci.:ty ZcA5. l^^it nh^ht: "Unless it is nic^.ce 

to ra rcrx cu uuxie j.; , to ^ior^.. .. .• 

•« • • • 

::.o:^o ororinn*^-'^"*' 

America are synpi: t'userc v/ith the autocr::.tic plan^ of the tr:perw.r, and t-iey 
ti^miC to ^natcn an 1 /^aoroeneiit cy ^,etti:i;^ us tc coloc-rute i. s accacGion, ana 
that, too, on thj day of the ^enr^rcrl election* "TTe detect :uilit::ri3m and 

rv» ,•> 1^ <- -^ /»» •^ "r «- »- >-i ^ •»*.  ,-■)  V, ' ^ '■-i .t. 

c- ^ -• 


vontion i.l ooiiet, o.oolccJ to 

^ :w<^; 



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,^x; ,.. . ._. i. • ,,,- ,.,^1-. ^_t -_^^ macio U30 of in c:. .;>clitic:. 

w -fcl PC- C -. O i ^.,: - X VJ 

.rernan ^crj pririir^rily 13 nxant a^. en gcc-::;:ic 
out and sVicv f'olr otrcr -tn t"- ^"-^ ^•"■''" 

t c . 1 'v^ a » -' w' 

-, V»»«^ 

n-Ariorlccnji Gho-;.ld turn 

• .f* 

«o '• ^i.0 v/orxu* X u xo ixv»; w i-ii^.-Aiv^ wvj £^ 

nur einpsrors, a*id ^ve intc:id io si«:ixl not he divo-^tod to such u:^e3 i ._ 

hinder it» TTitiicul the particitJaticn of the- fernan mastscs t'nt? Cv;/- cannot he 

..H>wU.^ ci. w v*. *^ w ^ o .. , cVaXvx s>-- sj '^t... J L^j «*«w- * * fi^A lii^L.I «Jiitt .- o O'.- c* '^ ■— t/ '-"^' • •* "^ - '-' /—.Lx ^\>i<iO 

to seo it. I:^ they ki:... 

^ ^ ^ ; . i 

ji • 

\ . X ^ . 

w Vo ^i^ ^ • « • ..^ C^ ^ . ^ 



Ill H 

II B 1 c (3) 

III B 2 




Illinois StaatS'-Zeitimg , May 22, 1893. 




. t 

-■ i 

It is a well-iaiown fact that Gremany is taking part in our World's Fair, The 
government and its citizens are earnestly working for the success of this inter- 
national celebration on American soil. 

It is the duty of German-Americans to acknowledge and appreciate these efforts 
and also this friendly attitude towards our adopted father-land. Likemse we 
should express our admiration for the marvelous products of Gei7:ian art and in- 

The Board of Directors of the V'orld's Fair has arranged that each coxintry shall 
have the opportunity to demonstrate its special achievements on a specific day. 
Since June 15th. is the appointed day for the Germans, it was decided by the 
promotion committee to request the German- American organizations of Chicago, 
as well as all the German-Americans near and far, to assist in making this day 
most brilliant and memorable. 

V/e should prove to our German brethren in JSurope that we gratefully appreciate 
their efforts to increase Germany's honor and reputation, and that we gladly 

- 2 - 


Illinois Staats-Zeitung > L^ay 22, 1893, I W.Pi 

welcome these tokens of lasting friendship between the land of our birth and ^-" 
the land of our choice. 

A meeting will be held Friday evening, May 26, in the banquet hall of the 
Athletic Club, North Clark Street, to arrange the necessary preparations for 
this grand and extraordinary demonstration. Every CJenrian organization of Chi- 
cago should be represented. United v/e can achieve great things. 

All Clubs and Societies should act promptly. All who desire to help, are invi- 
ted to attend this meetin?^. 

Ill H 

Ghica p;o Trioune , 

?eb. 1 




'U"-' yU.i ■; ^\"^''Jj Cuil'/O 

In honor of Ir.^):;ri'^.l ''errr.-^.n Co::::iG3ioner '.Vermuth and staff, the -.'usical ^.ureau 
of the "];:position, and the Goriir-.n ;orli'3 7air Directors, •/ r ce^^lon '\nd con- 
cert *v6re "ivyn at the :Tcrth Side Turner Hall la:t ni ht by the Gerr:r.n-A:;isrican 
..'orld's Pair Ladies* Chorus under the direction of '.abriel Kat zenber,Q:er« 


he principals particimtin^, in :;he entertainment v/ere Emil Tiferro, tenor; 
i'iss Z^lsa Spiess, .'iss 'russie Guth, and ^'i^:s Inna Fassow, sopranos; IJrs* 
,'-\nna Katzenberf^er, dramatic soprano. The concert closed ./ioh the musical drama 
entitled "The Ilill^r's Dau.^hter 'ind the Dv/arf*. 

\ ^. 



Chicagp Tribune , Feb. 29, 1892. 

WPA (ILL) PROJ, 30275 

A largely attended mass -meeting of German citizens was held at the Tifest 
Twelfth street Turner Hall yesterday afternoon, for the purpose of dis- 
cussing the recent labor riots in Berlin. The meeting was called by 
some of the members of tte Arbeiter-Zeitung Pub» Co ., and was intended to 
begin at 2 o^clock. It was fully an hour later, however, before the first 
speaker appeared upon the platform. The audience had assembled promptly 
at the specified time, and the interval preceding the opening of the meet- 
ing, afforded an opportunity for a general discussion of the crisis. Every- 
body seemed to have formed a well out-lined opinion of the situation in 
Berlin, and the young Emperor was denounced in emphatic terms, on every 

Albert Schmiedinger presided over the meeting, .7hich was conducted entirely 
in German • He referred briefly to the labor riots in Berlin, and said the 
meeting was held for the purpose of giving the German residents of Chicago, 
an opportxinity to express thsir opihions of the trouble in the Fatherland. 
Then he introduced Dr. H. C. Bechtola, liio delivered a long address. 



Chicago Tribune, Feb. 29, 1892. WPA d^-U "-^Oj 3G2/b 

Dr. Bechtold first reviewed the circumstances leading up to the uprising of the 
working men in the Geman capitol. The primary cause of the trouble, he believed 
was, the want of working men all over Geiroany. The ordinary condition of the 
German working classes ware bad enough, but the Emperor sought to aggravate the 
trouble by turning a deaf ear to the complaints of his subjects* Not satisfied 
with ignoring his subjects, he had even gone farther* Then the speaker referred 
to the Emperor's speech in which he advised those who i^vere not satisfied with 
his rule, to emigrate* 

''Any gne of you here,'' Dr. Bechtold contini:ied," has mere courage than the young 
Eohenzollern* More bravery is shown by you every day in the streets of Chicago, 
than he ever dared show*" Then thB Emperor's return to the palace through a 
back entrance in a closed carria<ye, was alluded to, and the audience burst out 
in enthiisiastic applause • 

Dr# Bechtold denounced the attitude of the German press on the siibject* Three 
days ar^, he said, "the newspapers, not only of Germany, but of other nations 
as well, were referring to the uprising as a heroic deed on the part of the 


- 3 - 

III H ^. ^.^ ^ V or lono Og^JlT 

Chicago Tribune ^ Feb, 29, 1892 • — : 

lower classes. Now they v/ere characterizing the uprisinr^ as a miserable riot. 
The speakers found a reason for this sudden change in the vigilance of the 
censors of the press, who were careful that true reports of the trouble did not 
appear in print. He advanced tlie tampering with the London Times • corres- 
pondence, as an example of the German authorities overvigilance • 

Just such demonstrations, the speaker said, were zYb hopes of the laboring 

classes. They were the forerunners of the coming revolution in the present 
condition of the masses. Tie did not know T^^ether the final stand would be made 
in eight, eighteen, or eighty years hence, but it was inevitable. Dr. Dechtold 
made no attempt to predict the outcome of the present trouble, but he character- 
ized it as only one more manifestation of the revolution which vras now in 

Morris Schultze followed Dr. Bechtold. Fe also denounced the policy of the 
German Emperor. !Te ;;as fully in sjrmpathy v/ith the causes at the bottom of 
the liprising. He also saw in the riots, another evidence of coming revolution. 
After reviewing last weeks* events in Berlin and coimenting upon them, he read 
a statement expressing the sympathy of the meeting in the unpleasant affairs of 
the German people • 

Ill H - 4 - asra^iAN 

Chicago Tr ibune , Feb. 29, 1892* ,,r., ,- . Ppri], 30275 

•J^^ .  V 

The statement was up in Geiman and was unanimously adopted, -rranslated 
it was as follows: 

The working rasn and citizens of Chica.^ assembled in mass-meeting in lest Side 
Turner Hall, heard thB news of the uprising against C3erman capital .and Geiman 
military with great satisfaction. They have interpreted the uprising as a 
never failing sign of the coming overthrow of the imperial *»divine right** and 
the commencement of a new era of labor evolution. Tell knowing that ths new 
movement in Gennany is an uprising against unbearable oppression under which 
the Geiman working classes now suffer, we pledge our full support to the popu- 
lar movement of our brethern across the ocean. 

He request our brothers and sisters in the fatherland not to tire fighting the 
oppressors. He urge them not to emigrate even though the Emperor has expressed 
a desire for them to leave if not satisfied with his rule. Should he attempt to 
lead them to war, we request them not to go, but to- remain and combat until the 
ideal of free hximanity be realized. The meeting declares itself displeased with 

I^^ H - 5 - GERI^N 

Chicago Tfibune^ Feb, 29, 1892. , ^ ^,_. ^o..- 

the Eollenzollern "William, .vho declares the welfare of millions of Germans 
shall depend upon his own weak will - one, whom men of science say, is sub- 
ject to hereditary disease. Get rid of your '^eise Ilaiser aid Arbeile 
Kaiser,'^ German working nenl Remember he will never help you, for he is at 
the head of an order of society under *ich you suffer* He should be the 
first to be dethroned. Ycur brothers are .7ith you. 

After the adoption of the statement, Francois I.'artin made a short speech on 
the same subject, after which the meeting was adjourned. 




Chicj;;^];o_Tribune, Anr. 26, 1891. 

p. 3 - 3 Tho "Gerinania Laennerchcr", which is sonie tiroes c- lied zhe "GernHn- 

ia Club", yesterd' w sent a cablep;ram to Baron ■Jordenfl^/'cht, who ;v'is formerly 
uerraan Consul here and is nov; connected v/ith the Foreign Affairs Office at 
Berlin, instructing him to place a wreath of flcr-ers on the casket of Cron. 
Von Loltke. It will be a large v/reath of laurel with re'l, v/hite, and blue 
ribbons and will be rriarked, "From Gernania I.'aennerchor, Chicago". The cable- 
gram Y/as signed "by riarry Rubens, as President. 

Ill H 
III B 2 


The Chicu;^o Tribune , Jan, 19, 1391, p. 3. 


WPA (ILL) P[vDj. 30275 

The veterans of the German arrny j.nd the German veterans of the Union army joined 

hands in a festival at the Forth Side Turner Hall last ni^ht. It \vas a celebra- 
tion of the twentieth anniversary of the foundation of the new Germ.ah emipire 

and the election of the German emperor j.t the siej;e in Paris in 1871. 

The celebration »vas held under the direction of trie German Veterans' Association 

of Chicago, and the German posts of the Grand Army of the Republic -vere invited 

to participate »vith a concert, 'iy-iich ^vas followed with a banquet and closed j\rith 
a ball. 

The entertainment was one of th^ most successful the association has ever £iven. 



The Chicago Tribune, Jan. 6, 1891, p. 7 


It has been suggested that the German-American societies in Chicago should 
unite and form an orgfiuiization of German-American citizens for the promotion 
of the Fair in Germany as the former residents of different States who now 
reside in Chicago have done in this country. Washington Heslng of the 
Staiats-Zeitung doesn' t think such an organization of the German-American 
societies would accomplish any good* 

"I don't think the German- American societies could be organized for such 
purpose," he said yesterday. "There isn't a very strong affinity between 
those societies here. I can see how the various State associations did some 
good for Chicago before the city was selected as a site for the Pair, as many 
of them had friends among the members of Congress whose votes could be influenced • 
It would be far different, however, in trying to accomplish anything with 
Germany. From aill the information I can gather from my correspondence and, talks 
with the travelers who come from there, the German Government will take no 
official recognition of the Fair. The Government is so disgusted with the 
McKinley Bill that it is not worth while to talk about it do in.^; anything^ 



The Chicago Tribime, Jan. 6, 1891 • 

aipR/un FRO). 30275 

That is the situation now, of coarse. It is a long time until the Pairv'^ana 'tfliiB 
feeling may change. 

"As to the German- American societies of Chicago having any influence in shaping the 
action of the Government it is idle to talk about it*** 

Ill H 
I J 


Die Abendpost , Dec. 31, 1890 


The Monarchy as a ruling system, with all its stern laws and narrow minded 
regulations, limiting personal freedom and choking individual free thought, 
has been the inherited and carefully nourished ideal, by all means of 
authority of every German. And just for this reason alone, American History 
should be carefully and more intensively studied, in German Schools. Even 
if the German nation has at present neither the opportunity nor ability to 
have a Democratic Government, at least the pupils, the coming generations, 
should study American History, in order to learn and visualize the blessings 
enjoyed by a progressive nation, which in the very beginning of its existence, 
has kept itself free from dogmatic unjust traditions and worn out laws, to be* 
come a free people in a free country with a people's Government. 

Ill H 

X ^ ^ ^^ *>* 

III B 3 a 


The Chicaf.o Tribune , Aug. 5t I89O. VvPA C'^'^'^ ' '' ' 



A Society of Veterans. Honor the A^-niver^ary cf the Battle of IVeissenburg^. 

Yesterday was the twentieth anniversary of the hattle of v;eiss'3r!tur£:; it was 
also a gala day for the Society of Veterans, ti^ir f a lillcs, and 

The Society of Geraan Veterans h^.?^ recently becor.e the possessor of two h^r.d- 
sono silk flags, one being the ensign of the society ^-^nd t lo other a splendid 
sx-ecinen cf the stars ^nd stripes. 

y^^sterday, the twentieth anniversary of the aoinorable battle r.f Veissenbv^rg, 
the first riTeat battle of the Franco-German wsr, wixs dee-.ied a fitting time for 
tae dedicati'^n of the new colors of the cociety - hence, tne picnic -ot Cilden 
Srove yesterday aft.rnoon and evening. 

The music for the occasion was furnished by ?rcf. '.Voege with li- or(^hestra of 
forty pieces. 

The German Veterans' ^'^cciety was crt:anlzed last Septembor, and now has a rerVer- 

Ill H 
III B 2 
III B 3 a 

ship of ninety. 

- 2 - 

The C-iicag:^ Tribuno t A^Z* 5% 1390. 

vvrA ^Llj PjIcJ. jC27S 

The organization is corapo^^ed of reprosertative -ind Gubstantlal Gr;r ..tans v/ho rxave 
rca£,ht in the German wars. C^eox-ge /.• lla^scw is i-^s pre^i'lent r^.nd H. '.Vilhelr.y 
is its secret^iry. 

Iwlr. LSanstein in his dedicatory speech spoke of the battle of Teissenbar^ in corr- 
memoration of which, the celebration was held. He stated that the society was 
organised for the purpose of keepinc alive the feeling of brotherhood and fra- 
ternity the German veterans frcni all parts of Gormany. 


Prcf • Gauss, v;ho is a Corimn-a.iiierican veteran who did good service in the 
civil war, spoke in behalf of his society. He eulogized the word veteran, a 
title of which anyone may be proud if he ha^ earned it in fact. "The overthrcv/ 
of the rebel army and the preservation of th^ i.r^;erlcan union, und the consoli- 
dation of our old fatherland", he said, "are events waose lirie are few in aistory. 
It is quite proper that the presentation of the Germa.. flag, .recede that of tne 
^tars and stripes; for to us Gernania is the mother of Gcluabia, wnom we honor 
according to cur mother's teachingi 


Prof, Gauss spoke oloQuently of the German wars and of the battle of V/eissenburg 

Ill H - 3 - ger:^an 

III P2 . 
Ill B 3 a The Chicago Tribune t Au^. 5% lO^O. 

in particular. He paid a high tribute to the Geriaan soldiers, both in the v/arc 
of the fatherland and in those of America* 

Ill H 

1 G 

Die Abendpost , July 2, 1890 • 



Durizig a meeting of London merchants last Monday, July 2, a resolution was 
accepted to send a deputation to Lord Salisbury, In order to call his attention 
to the serious consequences of the expansion of German colonial territory 
towards the North of Damaraland and the establishment of German rule between 
Bechuanaland and the North* 

The deputation will request the minister president, not to relinquish under 
any circumstances the British influence in Madagascar* 

Ill H German 

III B 2 

Ijj j^ Die Illinois Staats Zeitung , :.'ay 14, 18B8. 

REPLY Oi^' THE rrSRil'iH a0VERNMT5ir'\ 

The followinf^ communication is self-explanatory: " Imperial German Consulate, 
Chicago, April 10, 1388, Mr. Francis Lockner, Attorney-at-law, Room 15, 78 
Dearborn Street, City. The German Chancellor, Puerst von Bismarck has 
requested that I express the than'^s of his Majesty's Government to the 
parti cip--nts of the mourning memorial for the "Smperor and Kinc, Wilhelm, and 
that the telegram of condolence which the asse ihly has sent has been submitted 
to his ?4ajesty, the King, and the Q,ueen. In compliance with this request, 
I respectfully ask you as the chairinan of the asserubly, to have the C'^^untry 
to inform the other members of t-^e Committee, the speaker, and all the 
constituents who were present." 

The Imperial Consul, 

III H aERMAK Vo^"-^-'^- ^// 

\^-^ k:y 

III B 2 ^ -- 

jjj ^ Illinois Staats Zeitiing^ , May 14, 18R8. 


"Perjait me to send you a report about the results of our appeal, to the 
German-Am ri cans to collect funds for a 'silv-^r laurel -wreath' for the 
Emperor Williaiu I, the victorious, '^e mailed about 790-8rO copies of the 
appeal to editors of J^rman papers in America. 

••J^any of them were kind enough to send us a copy of their paper containing 
the appeal, but most of them returned the appeal with unfavorable remarks* 
I also received letters and cards threatening; with bombing, hanging, and 
what not. 

"Several hundred copies of the appeal were sent direct to different 
societies, associations, clubs, etc., but most of these ladies and gentle- 
men answered either in the negative or not at all. They were requested to 
support this imderta'<:ing by arranging concerts, theater-perforjnances, etc. 
for this purpose. Only one person declared himself willing to sacrifice 
his time and talent for this purpose V7ith great plear>u;e, and this is an 
outstanding American, a director of music in Chicago, Professor Silas 
G. Pratt. 


^^^ ^ - 2 - - — wj, ^ ,. 

Illinois Staats Zeitung, May 14, 1888. 

^As stated in the appeal, the time limit for contributions expires June 
first, but up to this time since the apioeals were mailed, the later part of 
March, only a total of $2.00 has been collected, being sent from Coliimbus, 

Oscar SchmolU* 




Illinois Staats Zeitun^^ April 12, 188? • 


A cablegrsLxn from Grarmany reports that a decision regarding the legal status 
of the naturalized American citizens of German birth, when visiting 
Germany, was definitely rendered by the Supreme Court of the Reich* The 
decision, described in a few words, is rather difficult to interpret, but 
with a close scrutiny as to the matter in question, the result is as 
follows! On the return of a naturalized American citizen of German birth 
to his native land after a lapse of five years, he is to be considered a 
foreigner, and as such is permitted to live there provided he abides by 
the laws of the country. In case the German government finds his presence 
in that country undesirable, the government can expel such an individual 
without giving reasons for its action* But if a naturalized Germsm-Americeua 
chooses to reside in Germany longer than two years, the government may, 
if it pleases, consider such an act as a renunciation of the American 

m H 

I c 

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Illinois Staats 2eitung« April 12, I887, 



citizenship; but by no means is this individual then considered a German 
citizen again without further proceedings. Like any other foreip;ner, it 
would be necessary to win his citizenship* It does not seem clear to us 
to what extent the legal status of our German-American naturalized citizens 
would be changed unfavorably* 

The general opinion was, for a number of years, that under the Bancroft 
treaty the German-Amer leans can make use of the privilege of at least a 
two years' sojourn in Germany - but this was only a delusion. For years 
Germany has made use of its rights to deal most rigorously with the 
unwelcome foreigner* Every nation has rip-hts similar to these, and 
may apply them as it sees fit* Thus f ar ,the United States has made 
use of this right only in case of an undesirable immigrant, who was in 



I C 

Illinois Staats Zeitung ^ April 12, 188? 

most instances not even permitted to land* But if America would expel 
undersirable immigrants although they had resided in this country for a 
niamber of years (for instance, scoundrels like Srottkan, Uost, etc*,) 
it would not mean a violation of international law, or of the treaty with 
Germany, inasmuch as Germany employs rigorous measures in expelling 
American citizens from Germany* If we understand the whole thing correctly, 
the naturalized American citizen will be dealt with the same as the native 
born citizen^ That a two years sojourn in Germany is not sufficient to 
be again regarded as a subject of the Reich, is rather an improvement on 
the Bancroft Treaty* It makes it clear beyond doubt that in order to be- 
come a German subject, w hether a native or a naturalized American citizen, 
one has to become naturalized* Although our law requires that a natur- 
alization applicant has to be a resident of this country for five years 
prior to becoming a citizen, the naturalization of a foreigner in Germany 
is made much more difficult by requirements of the law* There they in- 
vestigate the state of mind of the applicant before granting citizenship* 

Ill H - 4 - GERMAN 

I C 

Illinois Staats Zeitung , April 12, l887< 

This is highly connnendable, and it is regrettable that America does not 
employ the same method in this matter. The law does require such measures, 
as this enables the judge to pass his opinion upon the applicant's intelli- 
gence and ability to become a useful citizen of the country, or refuse the 
naturalization* But was there ever a case when a judge made use of his 
power? No, his chief concern is to naturalize ajiy two-legged individual 
^0 at election time could aid his political party and thus aid him# 
This matter could be gone into much deeper, but for the present we only 
sayt When the United States Government resents the attitude Germany takes, 
to act within its rights to expel any American citizen for any reason at 
all, our government could easily get even with Germany if it would expel 
from this country all the Germans (anarchists, communists and other vaga- 
bonds of this type) for being a menace to the commonwealth, and especially 
as these vagabonds are aliens • 

in H 

u jij ' iv'iA^J 

Illin-^is St-at^ Zeitun^, Fe-ru^^ry 20, 1886. 

"Hi:» ;:]r' t¥: si^ipe 

WPA (ilLJ rr\Oj. SU^jj 

Is llismc^rck ri.^ht in his s^trte^f'nt that the Reichcia.^ underinr.nris only hov^ to 
answer in thp ne^^^tive ^m- to find fr-ult vath everything, "hut not to pa'<e it 
hett-^r? Pernans. £ut dir» the Chancellor ever run th'-- risk of i^n honest test? 
At the rnr:ny chcnees which he underto k in tne ministr*- s, did tne thought ever 
come to his mind, to select one of tne oarty leaders from the Keic-istag? Steeped 
in the tr^-ditions of th- Old Prussi<'^n of^ icirildom, he never "r-^nted r~n honest 
psrli^-mentarir n r-:ove nnent. He never could hr-ve endured the ide^ of havia^ a'-out 
him men '7ho clso hr've something to say, Reicnstag : nc Lar^dta^ (State Inlets) were 
slv'^ys toys to him vrith which he e:i;;oyed himself, crccordin.j to his own whims 
and moods* The truth is, and ne ^-rho reads .>ismark's soeech Cc n note it between 
the lines, ine i tne entire people's representaiicn in the German Empire is a 
humbug '-nd is only permitted to exist for the present because of the comtemptuous 
pity of the "mie:hty". 

He expressed with i^ "ranknesr: worthy of acknc'vledger^ent hov/ he - ;uld run things 
if nece vary, withovit the ?.eichsta.^r. If he crnnot do anyth1n<^ with the Reichstag 
he then turns to the diets of the different state- v/ith which he can talk easier, 
that is, ^vhich v/ill obey more readily* 

—2 - 

Illinois Staats Zeitunp. Februf ry '^0, 18^6. 

,m^ ^'^ ^^"''^^ 

Tnat shall become of the German Empire vrhen it is so completely based upon two 
gyes ? Bismarck cannot live forever. His reign may survive the life of I%mperor 
''/ilhelm I, but who C'-n continue the administreition of the empire in the same way . 
as he? Tnere is the maji, to whose whims and authoratative orders people and 
ruler alike v/ould bow? It is th'^ misfortune of the too - ^reat men that they 
pay no attention to these uesticns. Cromvrell and Napoleon have thereby become 
lonely pillars in the history of the world, - does not the danger exist tna.t 
some day the same will be Sc id of Bisrnarck? Hov/ Icng did Crcmv/ell's power and 
greatness last in the care of his son, Richard? Of Bismarck, it is said, that 
he guides his son Herr^ert to become a Hi chard CrcmwellJ 

Whether Crermany is able to for: a vital constitutional state is a question that 
can neither be affirmed, nor answered in the negative because its present al- 
mighty ruler has never made a test. V/e will hope for it, but the ^roof can only 
be -obtained after the almighty is gone. But as long as he has one breath left, 
"He" is the German Empire. 



In G 

jjj ji Illinoi:- Starts Zeltung, "December 26, 1005* 



The several speeches (delivered by Bismarck, November the 28thtwere in reply to 
the corapleints coming from the Centrist Party that the German government forbade 
the Jesuits to make use of the German colonies. The Chancellor explained, that 
this precaution was taken, not becaui?e they (the Jesuits) are an order of the 
Cathblic Church, but, because their activities are directed against na.tionalism, 
and they (the Jesuits) therefore have to be regarded as enemies of Germany. On 
this occasion Bismarck also hit at the German- Americans, saying; "Germany can 
not boast of a great deal of national devotion, I may even add, that we suffer 
in this respect from anemia, considering with what ease a great many Germans 
throw off their nationality. All this reflects upon our national activities, 
our personality and our narty* Once in America, the Germans lose interest in 
their language, and what is more they speak insultingly of the Germans.** Bismarck 
has known many German-Americans who conversed with him in excellent German. 
What a coincidence, that at the same time the much travelled Professor Hoffmauin 
replied to the Kaiser's questions, that the German- Americans cling with all their 
love to the old Fatherland and honor the Kaiser hli7;hly. There we hrve two ex- 
tremes. But the fact remains, that as long as there are German settlers in axiy 
of the colonies or in our Pepu'^lic, the majority of the German- Americans are true 

- p - 



Illinois Stasts Zeitung;, Decemher r^6, 1885. 

to the 1; nf^upge ?fn(^ customs of the old Father l^nd* But they became American 
citizens, and the love for the German nation does not include the despotic 
princes and f^overnments. To escape those they emigrated, therefore they can- 
not be expected to approve now (that despotism) when they come for a visit from 
their adopted co^jintry. The Germans here were united into one nation at a time 
when the question in Europe was still, "Where is the German's Fatherland?" 
At that time the "Man of Blood and Iron," who later was to solve all these 
problems by force, was still unknown. The 50th anniversary of the Philadelphia 
"Male Chorus" could enlighten him, regarding the German-American love for the 
old Fatherland. 

Ill H 
I G Illinois S taat s -Zelti mq, Dec. S3, 1885. 


As soon as the nev/s was circulated that Germany had taken possession of 
Marshall Islands (hoisting the German flag) the approximately 10,000 brovm 
inhabitants of the Gilbert Isles are looking forward with great expectations 
to the advantages which will come from German Prussia, and will Include their 
people too. (This Is a report brought by the telegraph) •.. .To us German- 
Americans the imperial Isle hunting is quite amusing and highly interesting 
because it is the direct result of the bitter resentment xvith which the "great 
man who directs the destiny of the German Reich" honors us. That seventy year 
old head conceived the idea that German immigrants settling in this country 
are simply "lost to the German nation". Of course, he has no more conception 
of this thing than the blind person has of colors, but that does not matter. 
To the worshippers of this idol, his moody whims are still commands. There- 
fore they continue to "establish" and "hoist", for this pleases the "old man". 
He won*t live forever, and when his time comes, the whole childish toy play 
which keeps him anused now, will be put on the shelf. The time will then be 

Ill H 
I G 

— o „ 


Illinolp Sta ats-Zeit ung. Dec. 23, 1885. 

here once more, when Genuan-Americans will be the only Germans outside the 
Reich, who will perpetuate the German mode of living and its customs, and 
v/ho will remain true to its color in any situation which may arise 


WPA (ILL.) mi m/b 

I C 


Illinois Staats>Zei.tunjr , October 26, 1885 


The "'estliche Post received this telegram from "'ashln^^ton: 

"The Associated Press printed the news that Ambassador Pendleton sent 
a report to the State Department In 'Jl'ashl n^^ton, indicating that "ismarck 
is displaying; his animosity tov/ard the German-.imericans in Germany more 
than ever before, and ordered that no consider^^ tion be shovm them. Rut 
the State Depp.rtment d^^nounces this report as v/ithout any basic truth." 

As long as Mr. Pendleton does not receive such reports directly from the 
Reichs-Chancellor' s office, he does not concern himself about thousands 
of his fell ov^-cltlzens. Bismarck and his co-workers regarded the mi s- 
treatinent of German-American citizens as a domestic problem, and did 
not consider it their duty to inform the American Ambassador of it# 

Ill H - 2 • fl^RM AN 

I C 

Illinois "taats^Zeitunr, October 26, 1835. ^^^P'- *-Ud ^R0l3027i^ 

'^e German Government Boards received their instruction on ho^v to deal with 
those Ame-icpn oitiz'-ns of German birth, v/ho left Germany prior to serving 
their term of compulsory s rvioe. 

If the existence of such conditions is not knov/n to hlr. Pendleton, then he, 
like Cleveland and Bayard, does not read any nev/sl Our reports are based 
on the truthl Contrary to the interpretation of the Bancroft Treaty, which 
Bismarck himself presented to the Reichstag ( at a time v/hen he had*^ not 
been possessed by a raving madness against -\merica and German-.Americans), 
the new order provides for all the .American citizens of German birth, who 
left Germany before serving their period in the military service, either 
to be barred from entering Germany, or, at the best, permit them only a 
sojourn of weeks or a few months. 

Ill H 

- 3 - 


Illinois -trin.ts-Zettun.p;, October 26, 1885« 

And these are the young v/orship:.ers of Bismarck ^".^ho came to this country 
during the last ten years, and who, in their idol-vrorshipping of the Kaiser 
and Bismarck, disgusted the older niener^ition of our German-Americans* These 
people who praise Bismarck as the infallible but vrorldly pope of Germany 
and loudly applaud his every despotic ^yhim, who came here with the idea of 
accumulating sums of money, with which to live comfortably in Germany ever 
after, those Oleo-Margerine Germans who are noyr being trampled upon by 
their idols, can surely not expect our sympathy. These are the men, who 
knew nothing of the German-i\raericans of the fifties (50 ^s) and sixties (60 •s), 
who boasted that only since Bismarck's great deeds have become generally 
known, the position of the Germans in .^.erica has been recognized* 

GERMAN K*, fei 



Illinois Staats-Zeitung , August 14, 1885 


The recent festival at Bingen, arranged "by the Sharp Shooters Society of New' 
York, and the participation of several of the Geman-Anericsji sections at the 
great Turn festival in Dresden manifested a German and German- American 
fellowship, - which is at least something new. It would he a mistake to spealc 
of a warm German interest toward the German- American "brothers* 

It is a fact that the Germans in Germany know very little of the life and work 
of the American Germans, neither do they l-mow how much they cling to and 
preserve the German language, customs and education. No, they are not 
interested in this... The German press brings only scant reports from America, 
less than from Jonkin, Kamhodscha, Kimcrum and Zanzibar, ..The more or less 
official newspapers and the "voluntary government newspapers" show such an 
indifference towards Arnerica that it would almost be regarded as an ill-willed 
hatred. The belief is prevalent that Germans coming to this country almost 
immediately surrender themselves to the Yankees, and thus are considered a 
loss to the Fatherland. This accounts for the feeling against America. .. 
People considering residence in other countries, are advised to migrate either 
to Brazil, Argentine or other half barbaric countries, notwithstanding the fact 



Illinois Staats-Zeitimg, August 14, 1885 

that there they are lost to Gernany much sooner than when coning to the United 

Mr* Soielberg, the parliament member, said frajikly, that "German immigration 
should he directed to those countries from which there is no danger of agri- 
cultural or industrial connetition for Germany within a conceivable time". 
ITot the welfare of the emigr^^jits, hut that of the T>eople remaining at home, 
is considered important. The immigrant should not choose a domicile for 
himself where his work would be best aT)preciated, but where his work would 
not enter into competition with Germany. Is there any worse selfishness and 
inhumanity? In snite of this pernicious effort to send the im.migrant to his 
ruin he still favors, as records show, this as his future home. For out of 
every one hundred German emigrants ninety-five come to America. 

It is true that the German in America eventually become less interested in their 
native country. Here they become free citizens of a free country, who never- 
theless preserve their love for the land of their birth, althcigh active and 
creative members under a different government. They are not lost to the German 


Illinols Staats-Zeitun£, Au^st 14, 1885 



people, for thousands of Oermaji schools, newspapers and societies are keeping 
the German lang;uage and customs alive».,# 


Illinois Staats-Zeitung, Sept, 23, 1881. 

VffiSRE 'nAS QfflCvIAKY? 

It is very humiliating to German-Americans that neither Kaiser Wilhelm 
nor Prince Bismarck considered it necessary to express his sympathy to 
this nation in connection with the tragedy which has befallen the United 
States in the death of President Garfield. At least condolences might 
have been sent to Mrs. Garfield. Americans, both those of English origin 
and more especially the German-speaking contingent, are fully justified in 

•♦Could not 3mperor Wilhelm or Chancellor Bismarck have shown the same 
courtesy as Queen Victoria and Gladstone, or President Grevy ^TFrance/ 
and King Alfonso /Spair7? Why, under circumstances of this kind, did 
the German Reich relegate this matter to one of its inferior officials 


Ill H - 2 - G:ao.ii\H 

Illinois StaatS"Zeituns > Sept. 23, 1881. 

(Buscli) , in view of the important part which Germans have played in shap- 
ing American culture both from the political and from the social angle?'^ 

V/e might condone the matter so far as Wilhelm was concerned (he has reached 
his eighty-fourth year), and on the day when Garfield died, the monarches 
granddaughter was married to the great-grandson of the French wheelwright -^j 
Bemadotte, and so the Kaiser •s thoughts were probably centered on the ^ 

strangeness of fate which united the old order with the nev/, (After all, p: 
the old man does not think much.) And so there was not enough gray matter ^ 
left to consider the United States* But for Bismarck there is no excuse. S 
He had time enough to comport himself like a gentleman, as Gladstone did 
and King Alfonso. However, Bismarck failed in this respect, and the in- 
cident was highly annoying to every citizen of the United States who was 
bom in Germany. It proves that the German chancellor is disgruntled at 
the flight of his subjects who prefer to emigrate rather than to enjoy 
happiness under his rule, and this attitude of German citizens so affects 

Ill E - 3 - GiiliamN 

Illinois Staats-Zeitung , Sept. 23, 1881, 

the man that he even disregards the common courtesies v/hich are customai^r 
in matters appertaining to international relations. Busch — vi^hat is Busch to 
us? A sort of second-rate Bismarckl And that is the kind of person which 
the Reich's administration selected to express its regrets, whereas the 
Queen of England ordered mourning at her court. 

In Germany, where social indifferences predominate, or rather where the 
amenities of life and polite conduct are not emphasized, such matters may- 
be considered trivial. But they are not, A little civility, a trace of 
courtesy, not only maintains but actually increases friendship among in- 
dividuals as well as among nations. Not only are German-Americans an 
inseparable element of the United States; their sentiments are definitely 
American, and they consider themselves an integral part of the nation, ^ 

And, therefore, this contingent considers it an insult and a disgrace 
that the land of their birth should act so abominably tov/ard the land of 
their choice. The great misfortune which the United States has suffered 



Ill H - 4 - S:iIRI.LiN 

Illinois 3taats-Zeitung > Sept. 23, 1881 • 

/Garfield^s assassinationT' has brought expressions of profound regret from 
The Queen of jiigland, Gladstone, President Grevy, the King of Spain, the 
Czar of Russia, the King of Italy, even the Sultan; but where was Germany? 
Vftiere was old V/ilhelm? ^fliere was Bismarck? Ah — they had no time to act 
civilly; Busch had to attend to this detail. 

Well enough; the same courtesy and sympathy may be shown to Germany at 
some opportune time in the future. 


Ill H 

I 6 
I C 
I J 

Illinois Staats Zeitung , September 23, 1878* '^ ^'"^ 




With great satisfaction the news was received in the United States that 
across the oceatnt from England and France » considerable sums of money were 
sent for the aid of yellow pest-* stricken cities in the South, and that the 
collections for this purpose are still going on* But what about Germany? 
The rude indifference with which it treats its country-men cannot be equalled 
by any other nation* 

Even educated Germans are so simple-minded, in regard to this crudeness, that 
they consider the mere expectation of doing something for their many-times 
sponged cotmtry-men in America, an outspoken bad Joke* When in 1864 at 
Lawrence, Kansas, through the brigand chief, Quantrell, about one-hundred 
mostly destitute German fathers were slaughtered and over three-hundred 
widows and orphans stranded in abject misery, a call for f\mds was sent out 
through Germany's most widely read newspaper, the Angsb\irger- Al Igeme i ne  

Not one penny was received* However, seven years later the German Americans 
contributed over one-million and a quarter for the wounded, widows and orphans 
of the Franco-German war* 

Ill H - 2 - GERMAN 

Illinoifl Staat8 Zeitung» September 23, 1878, ^^^ {ILL) ?R0J.302/i 

The press of Germany did not publish even the least word of thaaks and 
that was not our last silly action in this direction* 

During the years following the crash, the collection bag presented to us 
across the ocean, went back empty, and in the editor's office of the 
German-American newsi>aperst the mass of beggar letters received went into 
the waste basket • 

III B 2 GERMAN vJ-^ ' <o 


I G 

I llinois Staats^Zeitun g^ Dec. 4, l876» 


The German lUbrriore* Association assexnbled last night in the North Side 
Turner Hall to receive a flag presented by the Gensan Emperor. With 
this festival the association appeared for the first time in public. 
Founded Dec. 20^ I8749 the association has today about 70 members. 
Its purpose is the preservation of fellowship ties in the adooted father- 
land. Last night the hall was crowded by German fellow citizensi attracted 
by the festivities. Consul Claussesnius said in his speecht **Some 
people say that it was not proper for the German Warriors* Association 
to ask the German Eknperor for an association flag. Ladies and gentlemen, 
many priests, for a long time residents of the United States^have asked 
the same German Emperor for cannons, bought with blood, to turn them into 

- 2 - 


Illinois Staat8*Zeit\mg> Dec. 4, l876# 

bells which would speeJc of peace. I have never heard this request 
criticixed* Neither does the German Warriors* Association deserve any 
criticism, as it has the same aim as these churches. Now, Mr. 
President t I give you this flag in the name of and as a preseot from 
the Gernan Emperor.* 


Chicago Tribune « December 4, I876. 


About a year ago the veterans who had served in the German Army, but are 
now sojourning in this city, formed a society and named it '^Der Deutsche 
Krieger Verein*^ (German Soldiers' Society). The object of the society 
is a benevolent one to aid each other in sickness smd trouble. The 
society prospered greatly and now has a large membership. There was but 
one thing wanting to make the society happy, and that was a nice silk 
standard or flag with which to march out in procession, and also serve to 
ornament their place of meeting. But how to secure it was the question. 
The funds for such a purpose were not at hand, all the money coming being 
used to aid distressed members. In this dilemma the society thought of the 
large-hesirted German Emperor, for whom its members had battled in years 
gone. To him they sent a polite message, informing him of their need, 
and that a flag would be considered a most priceless memento. About two 
months afterward a package was received by the German Consul in this 
city, Mr. H. Clausinius, and on opening it the much-desired flag was 

Ill H - 2 - GERMAN 

Chicago Tribune » December 4, l876» 

WPA(iLL) PROS.. 30275 

It is a beautiful emblem, of heavily corded white silk, artistically 
embroidered with a wreath, in the center of which is the German eagle« 
Over it there are the words, ••William I*, Emperor of Germany and King of 
Prussia,** and below, *'Kuer Den Deutschen Kriegerverein** (for the German 
Soldiers* Society). The presentation of the flag came off at the North 
Side Turner Hall last evening* The place was crowded, and the society, 
beside getting the much desired flag, replenished their treasury from the 
proceeds of the admission tickets to no small extent* The festivities 
opened with a grand vocal and instrumental concert, at the close of which 
the flag was presented by Consul H« Clausinius to Mr. Winckler, the 
president of the society* In presenting the flag Ur. Clausinius made a 
few appropriate remarks, stating that it was not a common event that a 
German flag presented by the German Emperor was unfurled here* He 
spoke of the advsmce Germany has made during the last two years, and how 
much it had gained in the eyes of other nations* 

Kr* Winckler in receiving the flag spoke very feelingly and referred to 
the sympathy of the Germans in this country with their countrymen. 

I C 


Illinois Staats Zeltunff, January 27. 1876. ^^^^, ^^^ P^^qj .^^j^ 


Die Yolks 2elt\ing »( the people's newspaper) of Berlin disapproved of the 
attacks upon Americans that have been occasioned by the dynamite outrage^ 
"This is regrettable. In everyday contact with other nations we were 
unpre sumptuous and discreet, but since o\ir war victory, other nations are 
being looked down upon, reserving the nobility of virtue for itself, 
trying to pin all the outrages on to non-Germans. This is to be considered 
as youthful pranks of a politically reborn nation and therefore has to be 

The article said further!. •• "We consider it as good fortune that no 
suspicion fell on the much discussed Thomas as being a Frenchmant Happily, 
he is a Protestant; were he a Catholic no doubt that there would be plenty 
of fanatics who would accuse religion for this atrocious act. Our American 
guests can gather from this circumstance that there is no suspicion cast a- 
gainst America but a parade of a sickly enthusiasm of self virtue harmful to 
all the world, meaning in this instance to morally disbelieve in the virtue 
of others." 



I C - 2 - SEHMAN 

Illinois Staats Zeltung t January 27, 1876. \\pA (lit) ^^0^*^^^^ 

We hope that this will he siifficient to calm our American guests if their 
feelings were hurt adding, that we have cause to regret that the same 
custom does not prevail in Germany as is the case in England and America, 
by which a catastrophe like that in Bremen woiild have been corrected 
officially* •• 

Ill H 


< • 

Illinois Staats Zeltung, Jnnusry 27th, 1?76« 



The German Army Band gave Its first concert last night at the North Side Turn Hall. 
The hand "hlch came to America last October has sirce toured th^ Eastern States with 
gr*^at success. The mibllc's unanimous opinion was, that ChiCc^go was never before 
visited by as excellent a band as this one. 

The concert commenced with the Coronation-march from the Prophet. It continued with 
the overture to Oberon, Oirofle-Girofla and many solo nieces. The "Shepherd's 
Sunday Song** and "The Chapel" are two comoositions of great s