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Full text of "Encyclopaedia Dictionary Islam Muslim World, etc, Gibb, Kramer, scholars. 13 vols & 12 vols. 1960-2004.1875.2009."

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THE STUDENTS- 



<-/V^O 



ARABIC-ENGLISH 
DICTIONARY. 



COMPANION VOLUME TO THE AUTHOR'S 

ENGLISH-ARABIC DICTIONARY. 



Fr^TEINGASS, Ph.D., 

OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MUNICH; PROFESSOR OF MODERN LANGUAGES, 

AND RESIDENT LECTURER ON THE ARABIC LANGUAGE, LITERATURE, AND LAW, 

AT THE ORIENTAL INSTITUTE, WOKING. 



LONDON: 
W. H. ALLEN & CO., 13 WATERLOO PLACE. S.W. 

PUBLI8HBB8 TO THE INDIA OFFICE. 



1884. 

(All right* r 9$$rv$d.) 



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LONDON: 
PRINTED BY W. H. ALLEN AND CO., 18 WATERLOO PLAQB. 8.W 



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V 
n 



i 



PREFACE. 



The Author's aim, in preparing the present volume, has been to provide 
the English student, at a moderate price, with a Dictionary which would 
enable him to read, not only Arabic books of a limited vocabulary, as 
the Qwr^dn, or of a comparatively easy and familiar style, as the Arabian 
Nights; but also such other standard works of a wider etymological 
range, as the ffamdeah, the Mu'allaq&t, and, above all, the Maqamdt of 
al-Hariri, which may, with the late Mr. Chenery, be aptly designated as 
a " Compendium of the Arabic Language" in all its intricacies and 
niceties. The difficulty of such an undertaking lies in finding the golden 
mean between a merely alphabetical arrangement, which would swell the 
book into an inordinate size, and a strictly etymological disposition under 
roots, which would, undoubtedly, be more to the taste of the scholar, 
but frequently embarrass, and hence discourage, the learner whom we 
want to aid in his first steps on a journey sufficiently toilsome in itself. 
An endeavour of this kind has been made by Prof. Cherbonneau, in his 
Arabic-French Dictionary, and, on a far more extensive scale and in a 
superior manner, by Dr. Adolf Wahrmund, in his Manual Dictionary 
of the Arabic and German Languages ; and these two works, especially 
the latter, checked by, and occasionally enlarged upon from the Muhif 
(an Arabic Dictionary, published in Arabic by Dr. P. Bustani in Bey rout), 
form the groundwork of our own book, with such modifications and 
additions, however, as to secure for it a fair degree of originality. 

We are now going to set forth, as briefly as can be done compatibly 
with clearness, the general plan on which this Dictionary is worked out. 
The Arabic words are given in their crude form, i.e. the form in which 
they appear before the grammatical terminations are added, and in 
Arabic type only as far as they are represented by the letters of the 



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IV PREFACE. 

alphabet, leaving the rendering of the diacritical signs, Hamzah included, 
to the transliteration.* Thus each word forms, as it were, a skeleton, 
dead and meaningless in itself, but moved into life by the Hardkdt 
(vowel-points), and further to be individualized, as of Arab kin by the 
I'rdb (grammatical inflection). To every male, if I may be allowed to 
continue the metaphor, its consort is allotted, that is to say, under each 
heading the form or forms with the feminine termination 8 are subjoined 
to those without it, if both are in use. This has been done, because 
frequently the two forms stand mutually in the relationship of singular 
and plural, and therefore, by bringing them together in the same 
article! many cross-references could be spared, t In a similar way 
derivatives with a final &, especially when forming the so-called 
Nisbah or noun of relation (in <j>), are, as a natural offspring, joined 
under the same heading to the parent-iorm, but only, if the alpha- 
betical order would already bring them in immediate contact with it 
(see e.g. article JW- ftay&l, Ac, p. 347). 

Boots, whether triliteral or quadriliteral, are found under two headings. 
One, placed in parentheses, gives the primitive verbs in the third person 
singular masculine, together with their Infinitives, and the Infinitives of 
the derived conjugations. In triliteral verbs the medial vowel of the 



* The student, when about to make use of this Dictionary, is of 
course supposed to be well acquainted with these signs from his Grammar, 
and should his text be pointed, he will have no difficulty in finding 
the equivalent in transliteration, for any word he may look out, by refer- 
ring to the heading in Arabic type. If, on the contrary, these signs are 
omitted from the text, as is always done in editions printed in the East 
(for instance, in the Arabian Nights, which he is particularly expected 
to read), it would be decidedly more bewildering for him to pick out, 
from perhaps half-a-dozen or more repetitions of the same group of 
Arabic letters, variously marked, that special combination which he 
wants ; while, by using the one heading, which represents the letters in 
his book, as a master-key for the different meanings, his eye has simply 
to run over the article in order to ascertain that particular form which 
gives an appropriate sense to the passage in hand. 

t If in the first part of an article 8 is placed after a generic noun, it 
indicates either the female or the noun of unity ; if after an adjective, 
it stands for the feminine. In the second part, the various forms are 
given in which a word has a feminine termination without such refe- 
rence to sex or gender, and here the 8 heads the transliteration. (Compare 
e.g. the articles ±~\ asad, 8, " lion/* Ac., p. 41 ; f* samar, 8 , " fruit," 
Ac., p. 209 ; > frdrr, 8 , " hot," Ac., p. 258 ; «JkU half, " behind," Ac. ;— 
8 frilfa-t, " difference of opinion," Ac., p. 337.) 



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PREFACE. V 

Aorist is added, if it differs from that of the Preterite. Where therefore 
no such vowel is mentioned, the vowel of the Preterite is retained in the 
Aorist, which is frequently the case if it is a, rarely if it is i, but 
always if it is u. The second heading comprises those simple Deriva- 
tives, either nouns or adjectives, which do not exceed in number the 
original letters of the root.* 

Derivatives which are formed by the introduction of so-called servile 
or additional letters, and the various measures of the broken Plural, 
are to be looked for in their natural alphabetical order, where their 
meanings or reference to the singular is given, unless they can be 
readily traced back to their respective origin by eliminating such 
additional letters according to a few simple rules of easy application. 
In order to impress these rules more effectively on the mind of the 
student, and to facilitate reference to them in case of need, we will 
divide the words in question into four classes, namely : — I. Words 
containing a letter of prolongation (\ — a, j — u, <j — €) or a doubled 
consonant ; II. Words beginning with the letter \ ; HE. Words beginning 
with the letter *a> t ; IV. Words beginning with the letter f m. 

I. — Words containing a letter of prolongation or a doubled consonant. 
In Derivatives or Plurals of this description, not found in the Dictionary, 
or only rendered by meanings which do not fully meet the requirements 
of the case, these letters are to be thrown out, to obtain the root, or 
the singular, if it is a plural noun ; thus : — 

1. \ — in words of the measures 

ilebfd'il, the well-known form of the Agent or active participle, 

" who does." 
Jut fa"dl, where also the double consonant is to be rejected, or in 
other words, the TaSdid to be removed, intensive of the former, 
" who does frequently, habitually, by way of trade." 



* It is true that, by the arrangement explained in this and the 
previous paragraph, sometimes different roots or their derivatives are 
thrown together under the same heading: under the heading ac for 

instance, we give, besides 'add and l idd y belonging to the root (•**), also 
the word 'ttdd, " pustule," apparently itself a root, and under the 
feminine form &*& we include 'ida-t, " promise, threat," derived from 
the root («**;). But this very juxtaposition of disparate meanings will 
strike the attention of a thoughtful student, and continually remind 
him, that in Arabic, more than in any other language, very similar 
forms may have a vastly distinct origin, 



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VI PREFACE. 

JUi ftdl, Infinitive, exceptionally of the primitive verb (in which 
case, however, it will be found as a reference in its alphabetical 
place), regularly of the third conjugation, along with the more 
frequently used measure &*U* mufd'ala-t, " doing with regard 
to another, doing reciprocally on the part of two or more." 
Also Plural of nouns of the measure J** fa% fi% fu% and its 
feminine form in 8 . 
«JU* fa c ld\ feminine of the measure J»*\ afal, forming adjectives of 
defect and colour (see Class II.). 
Lastly, in Plurals of words which consist of four or more letters, 
either originally, or through the introduction of servile letters into tri- 
literal roots. These plurals are trisyllabic, with a ( — ) after the first, 
a Q — ) after the second, and i ( — ) after the penultimate consonant. 
If all the letters of the singular are radical, the measure is — 

$\mi fa'dlil, where the second I corresponds to the fourth and fol- 
lowing consonants of the singular ; and if the singular is 
quadriliteral, it will be obtained by dropping the \ of pro- 
longation of the plural; otherwise it will be referred to in 
the alphabetical place of the latter.* 
The plural measures of words of four and more letters, reducible to 
triliteral roots, are — 

JfcVM a/#iZ, plural of nouns, or of certain other plurals beginning 
with \ , or of adjectives of the measure J*M afal used substan- 
tively (see Class II.). t 
^y&stafd'il, plural of R*is tafUa-t, Infinitive of the second conjugation, 
mostly of verbs terminating in a weak consonant (see Class HI.). 
Jfoft fa'd'ily not given in the Dictionary amongst the alphabetical 
references when it is plural of J*** fa'il or &*** fa'ila-t (the 

* The plural j**V dirdhim, for instance, is not mentioned, in the 
alphabetical order, because the elimination of the \ points to the singular 
^a dirham, name of the well-known coin ; but $M- safdrij is quoted 
as plural of J*;*- safarjal, "quince," J^^c 'anddil as plural of s ^u* 
'aridalib, " nightingale," because they do not contain all the letters of 
their respective singulars. 

t For instance: &\~\ asdbi 1 , plural of &<°\ asba', 'isba', "finger"; 
s-^^ akdlib, plural of w-^ aklub, plural of paucity of s-i* kalb, " dog " ; 
(*/t\4\ addhim, plural of (*&*& adham, " very black," used substantively 
for a black horse, or for the chains of a prisoner. Throwing out the 
Alif of prolongation you obtain the heading under which the wished- for 
information will be found. 



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PREFACE. Vll 

elimination of the \ leading to the singular), but inserted as a 
reference if the singular has d (t — ) or 4 ( j — ) after the 
second radical.* 
Jc\j* fawd'il, plural of J^Vi fd'il, and much more frequently of its 
feminine form SXs\i fd'ila-t. Here the \ of the singular has been 
changed into j before the \ of prolongation of the plural, and 
would have to be restored after throwing out the latter ; practi- 
cally, therefore, the rule takes this shape : Suppress the j of such 
a plural, instead of the \ , to find the singular as given in the 
Dictionary, or as to be further derived from the verbal root 
according to the direction in the beginning of this Section. t 
All these plurals, except J?W /a'a'iZ, have parallel forms with 
* (^5 — ) instead of i ( — ) in the third syllable, corresponding to a long 
vowel in the second syllable of the singular. If the latter be d or #, 
the plural is given as a reference in its alphabetical place ; if it is I, 
such reference could be dispensed with, as here again the simple 
rejection of the \ leads to the singular. 

2. $ as letter of prolongation is to be thrown out in words of the 
measures 

Jytf fa'ul, intensive of the Patient, rarely of the Agent, and 
y}f*fu l tU, Infinitive of neuter verbs (also £j** fu'Ma-t), or plural 
form of nouns. 



* We omit, for instance, the plural •*&«* qasd'id, as a reference to the 
singular 8ju*5 qasida-t, " poem," but we give Jft-, rasd'tt as plural of 
fll-j risdla-t, " mission," &c, and s-$*- hald'ib as plural of 4^ hald- 
ba-t, " milch-camel," for the reason stated in the text. 

t In the opening lines of al-Hariri's first Assembly we meet with the 
expression ($*$\ c*V" t&wd'ihu 'z-zamani, which the Commentators explain 
by *iS\ji) 4*4>^ hawddisu-hu wa qawdzifu-hu. Dropping the ^ in these three 
forms we obtain the Agents or participles £*U» (d'ih, " perishing," *a»jU- 
hddi8 y " happening, befalling," and «-*»5U qdzif, u flinging, casting," of 
whose feminines the said forms would be the regular plurals. But the 
native dictionaries, speaking of the term efyk , tell us that it belongs 
to the j*>y nawddir, or rare exceptions (plural, on the same principle, of 
5j*>U nddira-t, "anything rare "), its singular not being £^M» (d'iha-t, 
according to rule, but &**£*• mutawwiha-t, feminine of the A^ent of the 
second conjugation, " that which casts about." Hence we give it in its 
alphabetical place, with the meaning resulting from the explanation of 
the Commentators, " impelling calamities," or, as Chenery translates it 
in the quoted passage, " the shacks of the time," while the forms hawddis, 
qawdzif, and nawddir could be passed over, as easily re-traced to their 
singular. 



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VU1 PREFACE. 

3. v^ as letter of prolongation is to be thrown out in words of the 
measures 

J*«* fa l il, intensive of the Agent, rarely of the Patient, and — 
{ }J*fi"il f where also the TaSdid is to be removed, with the same 
meaning more forcibly expressed. 
In this place may further be mentioned the final ^ — (a) of the 
measure 

<J**fuVa, fern, of the comparative form J*tf afal (see Class IL). 
II. — Words beginning with the letter \ . This class comprises words of 
the measures 

-c 

J*rt afal, f. »W fa l ld\ forming adjectives of intransitive verbs, 

particularly expressive of defect or colour. 
J«rt afal, f . <J*i fu'la, which forms the comparatives and superla- 
tives of any adjective, not belonging to the previously mentioned 
measure. 
Jw aful, one of the so-called plurals of paucity. 
JWM afdl, another plural of paucity, but common to plurals of 
multitude also, and therefore of very frequent occurrence. 
If any word of this kind is not found in the Dictionary, the dropping 
of the initial \ (in the last-named measure, together with the rejection 
of the Alif of prolongation), will lead at once to the verbal root, from 
which the meaning may be gathered, if it is an adjective, or to the 
singular, if it is a plural noun. The two plurals of paucity (aful and 
afdt) may form a new plural of their own of the measures J*W afd'U 
(also occasionally plural of the comparative), and J**-W afd'U respec- 
tively, as has been mentioned under Class I. 

To this Class belong further the Infinitives of the derived conjuga- 
tions from the fourth upwards, except the fifth and sixth, all beginning 
with \ i, and having an Alif of prolongation after the last letter but one. 
The root of such an Infinitive will most easily be found by changing it 
into a so-called Infinitive in Mvm, and applying to it the rules for words 
beginning with that letter, as will be explained under Class IV. 

m. — Words beginning with the letter «^ . This Class contains the 
measures 

Jta? tafahil, Infinitive of the second conjugation of quadriliterals. 
Jts*tf tafil, RmS tafila-t, with their respective plurals, Je^te tafd'il 
and J*te tafd'il (see Class I.), Infinitive of the second conjuga- 
tion of triliterals, 



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PREFACE. IX 

J«tf iafa"ul f Infinitive of the fifth, and — 

J*to tafd'ul, Infinitive of the sixth conjugations of the same. 
By cutting off the initial > ta, and throwing out a letter of prolonga- 
tion or a double consonant, where such appear, the root is obtained, 
under which the Infinitive in question, with its different meanings, will 
be found. 

IV. — Words beginning with the letter ,» m. The initial, not radical, 
f of words belonging to this Class may be read with a (Faihah) or i 
(Kasrah), in which case it is followed by a triliteral root, frequently with 
a letter of prolongation in the second syllable, or it may be pronounced 
with u (Pammah), when it forms participles and verbal nouns of quadri- 
literals, and is mostly accompanied by one or several more servile letters. 
We will therefore consider them under two heads, making henceforth 
use of dots to indicate the number of radical letters occurring in a word, 
as has been done all through the letter M in the Dictionary. It must, 
however, be remarked, with regard to the transliteration in Eoman 
character, that only consonants and long vowels — which in Arabic con- 
tain a quiescent weak consonant — are reckoned to be letters, while the 
short vowels, as merely represented by orthographical signs, do not 
count as such; JVB qdl, for instance, would consist of three letters, but 
Ji qui only of two in the eyes of an Arabic grammarian. 

1. The measures of the form ...*•, i.e. consisting of a triliteral root, 
preceded by initial ma or mi, are — 

J*2* mafal, Infinitive or noun of Action (in certain cases mafiJ), 
and noun of Place or Time. 

J*a* mifal and &*** mifala-t, noun of Instrument. 
These form their plural in JMa* mafdHl, which could be omitted from 
amongst the alphabetical references, as simply the elimination of the \ 
would lead to the singular. The noun of Instrument, however, takes 
more frequently the measure JUa* mifdl (. \ . . ■*), with the plural 
J*Ma* tnafd'il, and if such a singular is given in the Dictionary, the 
plural will also be found with a reference to it, as here the dropping of 
the \ in the plural form would leave it still undecided whether it 
belongs to the singular JUju mifdl, or to either of the last two measures 
to be mentioned in this Section, viz. : 

Ja*A* mipily a rare form of the intensive Agent, and — 

JyiA* mafM, the regular form of the nomen patientis (Patient) of 
the transitive triliteral verb. 



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X PREFACE. 

The plural of the latter (of the measure J**Va* maf&'iT) is quoted in 
its alphabetical place, for the reason stated above, but not that of the 
former, because here the removal of the \ suffices to find the singular. 

2. The second category of words belonging to this Class are all 
Participles, nouns of Place or Time, and nouns of Action or so-called 
Infinitives in Mim, and have the general form — + , i.e. the initial 
syllable mu is followed by an indefinite number of letters, from three 
to five, which, if not quiescent, are pronounced with a (Fathah), except 
the penultimate, which takes i (Kasrah), if the word is an active par- 
ticiple (Agent). At least three, frequently four, of these letters, are 
radical, as will be seen by comparing the different measures with the 
more general symbols included in parentheses. These measures are — 

c 

J«a* (. . . *) mufil, Agent, mufal, Patient, noun of Place or Time, 

and Infinitive in mim of the fourth conjugation of a triliteral. 
J1*a* (. . . . *) mufa'lil, Agent, mufa'lal, Patient, <fec. of a quadri- 

literal. 
J«A* (. . . <*) mufa"il, Agent, mufa"al, Patient, Ac. of the second 

conjugation of a triliteral. 
JftVA* (. . \ . *) mufd'il, Agent, mufd'al, Patient, noun of Place or 
Time, and in its feminine form flcU* mufd'ala-t, Infinitive of 
the third conjugation of a triliteral. 
J*A* (. . . *) mufall (for mufalil), Agent, and (for mufalaT) In- 
finitive in Mim of the ninth conjugation of a triliteral. 
In these five measures the root is obtained by simply cutting off the 
initial mu, and, where such occur, throwing out the \ of prolongation or 
doubled consonant, according to the rule given for Class I. 

c 

JUte* (. . . . &*) mutafa'lil, Agent, mutafa'lal, Patient, <fec. of a 

quadriliteral. 
J«As* (. . . .x*) mutafa"il> Agent, mutafa"al t Patient, <fec. of the 

fifth conjugation of a triliteral. 
JaUx* (. . \ . .&•) mutafdHl, Agent, mtUafd'al, Patient, <fcc. of the 
sixth conjugation of a triliteral. 
In these three measures the root is obtained by combining with the 
previous direction the rule given for Class III., in other words, by cutting 
off the initial mu-ta, besides removing the Alif or TaMid, if there should 
be any. 

o 

J*Ai* (. . . x+) munfaHl, Agent, munfa'al, Patient, <&c. of the 
seventh conjugation of a triliteral. 



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PREFACE. XI 

J* fc ~- (. . . ■*-*•) musiafU, Agent, mustafal, Patient, <fcc. of the 

tenth conjugation of a triliteral. 
In these measures the root is obtained at once by catting off the 
initial musta or mun respectively. 
Most troublesome for beginners will be the measure 

J«*A* (..*.*•) mufta% Agent, mufta'al, Patient, Ac. of the eighth 

conjugation of a triliteral, where the first radical of the root 

appears between two servile letters. 
If the initial letter of such a root is n or 8, he will be liable to con- 
found this form with the two previous ones, as it would begin with 
munia (possibly belonging to the seventh conjugation of a verb with 
initial t) in the first case, and with musta in the second case. Here he 
must consider whether musta is followed by three letters, when the word 
belongs to the tenth conjugation of a root composed of these three 
letters ; or by two, when it appertains to the eighth conjugation of a root 
composed of these two letters preceded by *.* He must bear in 
mind, however, that in these measures of the eighth and tenth conjuga- 
tions, as in the corresponding ones of the fourth and seventh, the Alif 
of prolongation, represented in the Roman character by d, counts as a 
full letter, and points to a so-called hollow root, i.e. a root with a weak 
consonant for its second radical. With regard to words beginning with 
munta, it will be a comfort for him to learn that the roots with t as a 
first radical are few in number, and very rarely form the seventh con- 
jugation, so that he may in all safety turn at once to a root beginning 
with n. Still, to help him over the difficulties which undoubtedly will 
beset his path, we have placed, as it were, road-marks on it, by freely 
interspersing the letter f of the Dictionary with general leading-forms, 
like those given above, the purport and use of which he will now easily 
understand. 

We have here to add a word more about the usual Infinitives with 
initial \ of the derived conjugations of a triliteral, other than the second, 
third, fifth, and sixth. Their measures are : fourth, JUrt ifdl; seventh, 

# Verbal forms may, in this case, sometimes be perplexing at 
first sight : jM-\ for instance, may stand for " they allowed to live " 
(tenth form of ^ baqiya), or for " they vied to be first " (eight of <J*~ 

sabaqa). But the vocalisation of the former would be isiabqau (yfe*^ 

where the Fafhah is remainder of the ^ — of the singular J^l 

titdbya), that of the latter, Utabaqu ( ji**-\). 



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Xll PREFACE. 

JUat infi'dl; eighth, JU*H ifti'dl; ninth, JlUtf i/'iZdZ ; and tenth, JUAx-\ 
istifdl. When, by attending to the rules laid down in the previous pages, 
some practice has been acquired in separating the radical from the 
servile letters, the student will, of course, turn from such Infinitives 
directly to the root. But in the earlier stage of his reading he will find 
it safer mentally to transform them into the corresponding Infinitives in 
Mim by substituting the syllable mu for the initial \ (Hamzah), throwing 
out the \ (Alif) of prolongation, and pronouncing the letters not qui- 
escent with a (Fathah). So fourth, JUrt if dl changes into J«a* mufal ; 
seventh, JUaM infi'dl into J»*** munfa'al ; eighth, jUstf ifti'dl into J**u 
mufta'al; ninth, JUM ifildl into J*A* mufall; and tenth, JUaa^ istifdl 
into Jate~<<* mu8tafal, with which measures of the present Class he will 
by this time have become familiar. It must, however, be observed that 
a great number of the Infinitives with initial \ have been given in their 
alphabetical order, especially such of frequent occurrence or of more or 
less irregular formation. 

By adhering, as we hope, judiciously, if not with slavish rigour, to a 
system of arrangement with regard to cross-references based on the fore- 
going rules, it was possible not only to reduce our German model to 
nearly half its size without omitting anything essential, but even to gain 
room for several important additions, which we will now shortly point 
out. Firstly, wherever a reference is given, we did not confine ourselves 
to quoting the word referred to, unless it occurs in closest proximity, 
but we accompanied the reference with one or two of the principal sig- 
nifications, so as to spare the student as much as possible time and 
trouble. Secondly, the number of meanings has frequently been in- 
creased. Here we are indebted for many of the English renderings to 
Chenery's translation of the first 26 Assemblies of Al ffariri, Bodwell's 
Kordm,, Palmer's El Baha Zoheir, and Lane's Arabian Nights. Thirdly, 
the stock of words itself has been not inconsiderably enlarged from the 
Standard Works of Arabic Literature, particularly those mentioned in 
the beginning of this Preface, and, to quote a distinguished modern 
writer of Arabic, from the Maqdmdt of Nasif al-Tazaji, on which 
remarkable work compare Chenery's Introduction to Al Hariri, p. 99. 
Fourthly, the last and most comprehensive addition is the introduction 
of the Infinitives of the derived conjugations of all verbal roots. In a 
book of this kind, we did not think it suflicient to designate them merely 
by their numbers, for to put unerringly the right number upon the right 



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preface. xm 

form requires a certain amount of practice which can scarcely be ex- 
pected from a learner at the outset of his studies ; so we thought it 
incumbent upon us to give either the third person singular masculine 
of the Preterite or the Infinitive, and as the former course would have 
frequently necessitated the additional introduction of the Fd'il or Agent, 
we decided for the second plan.* Some inconsistency in this and 
other respects will be noticed in the early part of the Dictionary, namely, 
with regard to roots beginning with \ , whose derived Infinitives, however, 
will be mostly found in their alphabetical place, and in the beginning 
of the letter v» b, when our views on this point were not quite settled. 
This is a blemish which we must beg to excuse, and reserve ourselves 
to efface in any later edition. 

In bringing this rather lengthy Preface to a close, it only remains for 
me to offer my cordial thanks to the Publishers, who, with great sacri- 
fice of time and expense, have helped me to carry out my laborious 
undertaking. Moreover, they have kindly consented to open the field 
for a first trial of its usefulness by following it up with a Student's 
Edition of Al-Hariri's celebrated Assemblies — a seed-corn which, by the 
favour of sun and breeze, may develop into a " Palm-grove of Arabic 
Poetry," exhibiting the most eminent productions of a rich and inte- 
resting literature, if their praiseworthy efforts meet with encourage- 
ment. (J** o^fy fM **N ".God knows best and time will show." 

My thanks are also due to the authorities of the Oriental Institute at 
Woking for a liberal subscription, and for the opportunity of literary 
leisure which they are affording me for working on another field — the 
complete translation, with connecting Commentary, of the Vydkarana of 
Panini. 

F. STEINGASS. 

Oriental Institute, Woking. 
August 12th, 1884. 



* These Infinitives may frequently be merely theoretical, not 
actually used as <3lL- J**** mafiil muflaq, i.e. corroborative or adverbial 
ma?dar. Nevertheless, they are fit representatives of their conjugation, 
as their formal relation to the conjugated verb remains always the 
same. 



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XIV 



CORRIGENDA ET ADDENDA. 



Page 838, read under the heading «- M * after the words " a metre :" 

fd'ildtwi, mustafi-lun fdHldtun — w | w — | — w 

twice. 

Page 492, add under &y* '• a metre, nw&tafilun nvustafilun mafu- 
Idtu — — w — | w — | w twice. 

Page 958, add after l*z%* the heading : < ^ v mujtass, a metre, m««- 

to/*i-Zt*n fd'Udtun fdHldtun ^ — | — w | — w 

twice. 

Page 1015, add under £>U* : a metre, mafdHlun fdHldtun mafd'ilun 
w | — w | w twice. 



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XV 



TRANSLITERATION. 



J 



The Arabic letters have, in this volume, been transliterated as 
follows : — 

\ a, i u, at the oeginning of a word (see the remark on the 
Hamzah below). 



Pronounced like the English ik in thing. 

A guttural aspirate, stronger than h. 
Pronounced like the Scotch ch in loch. 

Pronounced like the English th in that, with. 

Pronounced like the English eh in shut. 
Strongly articulated a. 
Similar to the English th in this. 
Strongly articulated palatal t. 
Strongly articulated a. 

Strong guttural, the pronunciation of which must be 
learnt by the ear. 



s» 


b. 


SM> 


t. 


«i> 


s. 


t 


J- 


t 


*. 


t 


.*• 


V 


d. 

8. 


U* 


?• 


u* 


£ 


I» 


f. 


i 


Z. 


£ 


i 


t 


9- 


*j 


f. 


J 


2- 


4> 


Jc. 


J 


1 


r 


771. 





n. 


« 


A. 


9 


to. 


<J 


y- 



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XVI TRANSLITERATION. 

The Hamzah has not been marked at the beginning of a word, where 
it has always the Alif for a prop, and is pronounced as a, i, u, preceded 
by a very slight aspiration, like h in the English word " honour." 

The vowel signs have been rendered by a for — , i for — , u for — ; 
the long vowels by a f or \ — , — , or \ , i f or <j — , ai for ^ — , u for 
$ — , au for y — , all to be pronounced as in Italian or German. Final 
<£ — is rendered by a, ^ — by a. 

The feminine termination 8— is represented by a-£, where the final 
letter is joined to the body of the word by a hyphen, to show that in 
modern Arabic it is not to be pronounced, unless the noun is placed in 
a state of construction with a pronominal suffix, or another noun pre- 
ceded by the article. 

In addition to the Abbreviations in common use the following are 
employed : — 

Ag. for Agent (active participle). 
Pat. „ Patient (passive participle), 
(m.) „ modern form or expression, 
n.u. „ noun of unity. 

Where an asterisk (*) is inserted in an article, it means that, besides 
the forms or meanings given under the heading, others may be looked 
for in accordance with the indications set forth in the Preface. 



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i 



ARABIC-ENGLISH DICTIONARY. 



i 



\ (u&\ alif), as a numeral sign=l ; 
also abbreviation for J^ avowal, 
as : ^=JjlN get) rabVu-Lawwal, 
W = J*^ v5^^* jum&ziyu-'l-aw- 
wal, U=J/R l*&\ '}S zu-'U 
qa'daiu-'l-avrwal ; — a, particle of 
interrogation placed at the be- 
ginning of the first word of a 
sentence ; followed by p\ = 
whether ... or. 

*t>\ ab, father, patriarch ; s^ al-ab, 
our Heavenly Father ; — ab, db, 
month of August ;— s-»^i db-in, see 
J\dM. 

(^) abb, i and u, inf. ; s->^ abb, 
s^\ abdb, &M abdba-t, ibdba-t, 
put the hand to (as to the sword) ; 
move, agitate; long for (one's 
country ) ; prepare (for a 
journey); intend; be straight, 
upright (as a road, conduct) ; 
defeat ; n. cry out ; v., viii. 
wonder, be astonished (with s^ 
bi) ; — abb, pi. v»^ a'ubb, inten- 
tion; travelling plan; fodder, 
grass, meadow. 

(Wty aba (for $\ abaw-a) u, inf. 
fy\ ibdwa-t, become father ; n. 
call a person father ; v. take for 
a father, consider as a father ; — 
aba*, a, inf. \*\ ab 1 , throw, shoot, 
hit. 

V*\ abd' reeds, rushes ; — ibd\ re- 
fusal, rejection, disobedience, 
abhorrence, disgust; unwilling- 
ness ; — vbd\ pi. of <j!\ abi\ — 
—dbd\ pL of y\ dbA 9 fathers, 



forefathers, ancestors ; — 8 abda-t, 
reed ; — ibda-t, inf. of ^ ; — 
ubdt, pi. of ^\ obi, q.v. 
*r>\)\ ubdb, great bulk of water, bil- 
low, wave ; — abdb, luggage ; also 
S abdba-t, ibdba-t, way, conduct, 
manner of living ; longing for ; 
inf. of (*r>\) q.v. 

J**^ abdbil, some fabulous birds ; 
for Jij^ abdwil, pi. of Jy^ ibbaul, 
troops of camels. 

0*M abdbin, pi. of q\*\ ibbdn, q.v. 

/Wt ubdtir, without children, soli- 
tary. 

&\)\ ibdta-t, passing the night, 
giving a night's lodging, doing 
anything at night time ; iv. of 
(c^->* q.v. 

&\*\ ibdsa-t, examining; ploughing; 
iv. of (*±>y) q.v. 

y^\ abdjir, j*Ai\ abdjir, pi. of fr. 
bujr, q.v. 

J*»W^ abdjil, sinews of the foot, pi. 
of J«r3 abjal. 

8+\)\ ibdha-t, making public; re- 
vealing, disclosing; giving full 
permission ; license, licentious- 
ness ; rv. of (cy) qv. 

(j*-*^ abd/tis, pi. finger-tops. 

&*\*\ ibdha-t, extinguishing; iv. of 

(tf) q.v. . . , 
•>V|\ abdd, eternities, pi. of *>\ abad ; 

— S ibdda-t, annihilation ; iv. of 

(JjM)q.v. " 

j*jW* abddid, scattered animals, 

birds, etc. 
jW aVdr, dbdr, pi. of & q.Y.j- 



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X\r 



W 



4**|\ 



o&dr, lead ; — ibfo, 8 ibdra~t, fruc- 
lfc Uification of the palm tree, s. ji\ ; 
by — ifcar, needles, pi. of fy\ i'6ra-< ; 

i — abbdr, maker or seller of 
needles ; flea. 
%)W abdriq, pi. of ty\ abraq, q.v. 
y — 8 abdriqa-t, \5i$*\ abdriq, pi. of 
e Jfe^ afcr%, q.v. 

&^\ abdrima-t, &*j<)\ abdriha-t, pi. 
of a**^ ibrahim. 
k jW a&tas, who jumps, leaps (as a 
u gazelle). 

;ij^ abdsrir, herbs for seasoning, 
pi. of ;tyt afo&Sr. 
c j*yW^ abdzim> buckles, &a, pi. of 
(*t$\ ibzvm. 

<^*V vbds, shrew. 

&*h\ ubdsa~t, rabble, vagabonds ; 
impurities. 

ij>\)\ ibdd, vein, sinew; pi. o±*\ 
ubud, rope for tying up the fore- 
foot of a camel; — dbdd, pi. of 
<j**\ ubd, q.v. 

l\*\ dbdf, shoulders, armpits, pi. of 
M ib( ; — ibdff what is carried 
under the armpits. 

UL\)\ abafila-t, pi. JJ-W abaftl, 
thing of no value ; nothingness ; 
trifle. 

A^i\ abd'id, strangers, not related, 
pi. of ***\ ab'ad. 

fcfy ibd'a-t, sale, traffic ; rv. of (&*) 
q.v. 

jW %bdq, 8 ibdqa-t, escape ; inf. of 
(<3t^) q- v - J — ubbdq, pi. of <jrt ^t?. 

J^\ <£MJ, camels, pi. of J^ iW, 
i — JW abbdl, camel-herd; — 
JW ubbdl, pi. of Jrf dbil;— 8 
ibdla-t, administration of pro- 
perty ; economy ; police ; client- 
ship; tribe. 

l~J\)\ abdlisa-t, u~eW abdlis, devils, 
pi. of u~sb\ iblis. 

qW abdn=y\$\ du. of $\ father 
and mother ; — ibbdn, pi. &t*\)\ 
abdbin, opportunity, favourable 
moment ; . beginning ; — 8 ibdna-t, 
distinction, separation ; explana- 
tion ; publication ; iv. of ((£**). 

fj^i\ abdhim, thumbs, pi. of f\#\ 
ibhdm. 



ty\ ibdwa-i, paternity. 

jlj*\ abdwil, pi. of j$\ ibbavl. 

(«^) abat, u, inf. abty ubut, be 
hot ; abit, a, the same ; swell 
(with drink); — v. inf. ta'abbut, 
kindle, n. 

cwl abt, obit, obit, hot ; — abati, for 
t J%\ abati, O my father ; — 8 
abta-t, heat ; violent anger. 

**>\*i\ ibtdt, cutting off, plucking 
off ; accomplishing; iv. of («^*). 

t&>lw^ ibtihds, examination ; inves- 
tigation ; scrutiny ; inquest ; 
disputation ; viii. of (**-**:) q.v. 

cW*j\ ibtihdh, rich harvest; abun- 
dance, plenty. 

\±z*\ ibtidd', beginning, commence- 
ment, noviciate ; — ibtidd'an, in 
the beginning, at first. 

£*si\ ibttddr, pushing on, setting 
about any work, running in 
advance, hastening (to arms, 
&c). 

£\j*i\ ibtidd 1 , invention, discovery, 
innovation. 

»\joj\ ibtiddh, improvisation. 

^*sj\ ibtidd'iyy, incipient, begin- 
ning, original. 

J\Ss^\ ibtizdl, continual use, wearing 
out, wasting ; disdain, con- 
tempt. 

f*\ abtar, f. \fi batrd', curtailed, 
crippled ; bereft of children ; 
useless, vile; — du. al-abtardn, 
one's slave and ass. 

*\fi\ ibtirdd, refrigeration, cool- 
ing. 

)\y*\ ibtizdz, robbery, abduction. 

jL*x*\ ibti8dl, defiance of danger, 
contempt of death. 

p\~si\ ibtudm, smiling, smile ; glad- 
ness, cheerfulness. 

g%\ abta', pi. 0j*s^ abta'un, f . U*j 
bat'd, pi. g** buta\ entire, whole, 
all. 

•>Ux*\ ibti'dd, departure, abandon- 
ing; absence. 

U*^ ibtigd', longing, desire. 

J4s)\ ibiikdr, rising early, coming 
soon in the morning ; ripeness ; 
first-fruit ; first enjoyment. 



* 



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4ft*t\ 



3 



l*i\ Jbtild', trial, visitation, tempta- 
tion ; passion, inclination, pro- 
pensity ; calamity, distress. 

\^as*\ tbtUd^, (m). beginning, 
undertaking. 

£M Mild', swallowing, absorp- 
tion. 

J&s^ ibtildl, being wet ; recovery. 

\**i\ ft>tind\ building, construction, 
foundation. 

sW*^ ibtihdj, joy, gladness, cheer- 
fulness, alacrity. 

JW*^ ibtihdl, supplication, fervent 
prayer, deprecation. 

£\***\ ibtiyd', purchase. 

(***^) abas, i, calumniate, accuse 
(ace. or <J^ 'ala) ; — obis, pert, 
impudent. 

*&A*i\ tibsds, spreading. 

&\ abaj, eternity ; W$ abajan, for 
ever. 

JW*.t ibjdl, honouring, rendering 
honour. 

*r$ abjad, ancient arrangement of 
the alphabet, in which the letters 
denote the numbers from 1 to 
1000. 

J«rA abjal, pi. J*W abdjil, sinew of 
the foot ; J*W ^ wdhVl- 
abdjil, swift-footed. 

^py ibhdr, sea- voyage ; salt taste ; 
— abhdr, and 

j*$ abhur, seas, pi. of /*». bahr. 

lfe$ abhira-t, pi. of ;^p. bah dr. 

,3*»A abhaq, f . ^». bahqd', one-eyed ; 
f. blind (eye). 

J*^ abhal, more or most avaricious, 
comp. of J**: 6aA#. 

(J*\) abad, u, i, inf. m&*2<£, grow 
wild, savage; i, stop, halt; 
continue ; — abid, A, grow wild ; 
be waste ; grow angry ; redden in 
the face ; — n. inf. ta'bid, scare, 
frighten; cause to continue; — 
v. inf. ta'abbud, grow waste, 
empty ; keep aloof from women ; 
immortalize one's self. 

J*\ abad, pi. dbdd, ubud, eternity ; 
abad-an, ever ; never ; — 8 dbida-t, 
pi. ubbad, an animal grown 
wild ; pi. J*ty awdbid, the 



same ; misfortune ; anything 
extraordinary ; riddle, fable, 
funny tale. 

^ ibdd', beginning, creation ; 
communication ; revelation. 

*>\*ii\ ibddd, distribution. 

j\*ti ibddr, light of the full moon. 

£^ ibdd 1 , invention ; innovation ; 
lie ; original thought, origi- 
nality. 

J^ abddl, pi. of J*** badal, bidl, 
and JaJ* badil; — ibddl, exchang- 
ing, exchange. 

£^ abda', extraordinary, original 
and beautiful, comp. of J&J* 
badi*. 

<£*i\ abadiyy, eternal, everlasting ; 
— S abadiyya-t, eternity. 

(^) abar, i, u, inf. abr, prick ; make 
a dog swallow a needle ; calum- 
niate ; annihilate ; kill ; — inf. 
abr, ibdr, ibdra-t, fructify the 
palm-tree ; — n. fructify the 
palm-tree ; — viii. dig a well. 

jft abarr, more, most, or very pious, 
upright ; internal ; — 8 ibra-t, pi. 
ibar, J*\ ibdr, needle, needle of 
the compass ; hand of a watch ; 
string ; malice ; fruit of the 
sycamore tree; — o^V^ ty 
ibratu-W-rd'i, geranium. 

\j^ ibrd\ liberating, delivery, cure, 
discharge from debt ; absolu- 
tion ; acquittal, quittance. 

tty abrdh, pi. of tji barh ; — ibrdh, 
honouring, &c. ; iv. of (tjl) q.v. 

»>\^ ibrdd, cooling, refreshing, re- 
frigeration. 

)\jl\ abrdr, pi. of ft bdrr and tf 
barr ; — ibrdr, state of being well 
pleased, satisfaction ; attestation 
by witnesses. 

fo\ ibrdz, publication ; production 
of proof or evidence. 

&\ji\ ibrdq, lightening, shining, 
glittering. 

p\ji\ ibrdm, importunity, molesta- 
tion ; cross-examination. 

*\tf\ ibrdh, convincing proof, evi- 
dence. 



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w 



S^ a&ra;, f . barjd', having beauti- 
f ul eyes ; — 8 abrija-t, towers, 
&c, pi. of ty fcwr/. 
*>^ abrad, f . 6 , pi. ^\ abdrid, very 
cold; ^j^S\ al-abraddn, morn- 
ing and evening; — 8 ibrada-t, 
coolness; impotence ; — ^ abra- 
diyyy papyrus. 
f*s~y\ ibrisim, s. f*~a^ abrisam. • 
\j*j>\ abras, f. ^ barsa , pi. v-fy* 

frwr.v, spotted, dappled. 
J 1 ^^ ibriSdJ, being dappled. 
M»^\ abardiyya-t (m.), diocese. 
,jp^ abras, f. Uj* barsd, pi. ^^ 

Zmrs, leprous ; u^S\ al-abras, 

the moon ; more excellent, conip. 

of ^p fcarfs. 
u - ^*^ ibrigsds, recovery. 
J^?\ abraq, f. Uy Z>ar<7" = <3M ablaq, 

spotted (white and black) ; pi. 

«jj^ abdriq, stony and sandy 

ground. 
**^ abrak, more or very much 

blessed, 
a^ a&ra&, f. ^ barhd', recovered ; 

having a white skin. 
(***>j}\ ibrahim, pi. ^»^\ abdrima-t, 

Z&}\)\ abdriha-t, Abraham. 
^\ ibriyy, seller of needles ; — 

ibariyy, in the shape of a needle, 

pointed, sharp ; — 8 ibriyya-t, 

scurf. 
^\ abri'yd 1 , pi. of ^ bari\ 
yi^\ abriz, pure gold (also <j>jij}\ s-^ 

zahab abriziyy). 
(*~i)>\ ibrisam, ibraisam (Pers. (****\ 

abrisam), vulg. ^*~»^ ibrisim, silk; 

— ^^4— <tfi\ ibrisamiyy, silk-mer- 
chant. 
&j>\ ibriq, pi. v3i>^ abdriq, iij^\ 

abdriqa-t, ewer ; water- jug; brig, 

brigantine, sloop of war. 
(y\) abaz, v, inf. abz, ubuz, leap ; 

rush against ; offend ; die. 
y\ abiz, leaping (as a gazelle). 
j\y\ abzdr, pi. of yf. bazr ; pi. jt)\j\ 

abdzir, aromatic herb for season- 
ing. 
fy\ abzdz, nipples, teats, pi. of^ bizz. 
£y\ abzah, with a hump on his 

breast. 



yy\ abtan, water-basin of copper. 

(*y\ ibzim, pi. ^jW abdzim, buckle, 
clasp, agraffe. 

(u~*p abas, u, inf. aba, scold, 
frighten, humiliate, subdue ; re- 
vile, despise ; imprison ; receive 
badly ; — inf. ta'bis, despise ; — 
v. inf. ta*abbu8, be despised. 

v~l\ ab8, famine; also ibs, rugged 
ground ; tortoise ; — ibs, low 
descent. 

fc)U~)\ 'ibsdn, beauty. 

(cr^) abas, u, inf. abS, gather has- 
tily, grasp up ; — n. inf. ta'bU, 
the same ; talk confusedly ; dote. 

ij*\ abaSS, f. U* bassd', friendly 
and talkative, affable; (m.) 
smiling. 

j\£*\ ibsdr, good tidings ; good 
humour. 

£~*\ abs*a ( , uglier, very ugly, comp. 
of £*** baii\ 

(v/ 3 ^) obis, a, inf. abas, be quick, 
swift, alert. 

)\**\ absdr, pi. of y* basar ; — ibsdr, 

IV. Of (ye*) q.v. 

£*^ absa\ f. U* basd', pi. £* bus', 
stupid ; whole, all. 

(u*^ ) abad, i, inf. abd, tie up the fore- 
foot of a camel ; — v. inf. ta'abbud, 
have the forefoot tied up; — 
abid, a, inf. abad, abstain from 
one's wife ; stand quiet, and, in 
opposition, move, stir ; — v.=i. 
> {j*\ vbd, pi. dbdd, eternity ; — ubud, 
pi. of ^\ ibdd, q.v. 

k\ ibf, pi. dbdf, shoulder, arm-pit. 

(W\) abaf, a, inf. abf , throw down, 
throw to the ground ; — v. inf. 
taabbut, carry under, one's arm 
0/» ^ ta'abbafa iarran, proper 
name) ; throw (a garment) over 
the left shoulder; — vin. inf. 
iVibdt, stand quiet and in equi- 
librium, and, in opposition, be 
agitated ; — x. inf. istfbdf, dig 
a trench so as to be narrow at 
the top and wide at the bottom. 

JM abtdl, heroes, pi. of JW bafal ; 
— ibfdl, abolishing, abrogating 
annulling, repealing. 



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ert 



^ abfah, f. Ub bafhd', flat, flat- 
tened. 

t>M abfun, bellies, pi. of ^ 6af ** ; 
— 8 abfina-t, pi. of (j^W &a#n. 

«Jo»t ibfiyy, what is carried under 
the arm -pit. 

jM oftzar, f. \J% barrd\ not circum- 
cised. 

•>\**\ ib'dd, removing to a distance. 

•>*i\ ab'ad, more remote, far distant ; 
bad ; perishing ; pi. *xeVt!tt al-abd'id, 
strangers, no relatives. 

*j**t abHra-t, camels, pi. of jt*i ba'vr. 

yj>\**\ ibgdd, hatred, grudge, in- 
veterate enmity. 

<±**i\ abgas, f . ^** bagsd', with dark 
spots ; lion ; f . a sandy place ; 
rabble. 

(jA*^ abgad, more or very much 
hated. 

(juty i> i NF « a fy?> ofta^i &#£, run 
away, escape (as a slave) ; — v. 
inf. ta'abbuq, hide one's self; 
abstain (^ '<ra) ; refuse ; sin. 

&\ abaq, a kind of hemp ; — dbiq, 
pi. <J*1 ubbaq, jk\ vbbdq, escaped 
(slave). 

\B*\ tbqd'j preserving, reserving, 
keeping alive, rendering perma- 
nent. 

&\ abqa 1 , f. ^ baq'd', spotted 
(white and black) ; f . year, 
partly fertile, partly not. 

jyty ubqur, cows, pi. of S^ baqara-t. 

,Jti\ abqa, more durable, comp. of 
ij\i bdqi; may God preserve 
him ! iv. of ^ . 

(«*M) abik, a, inf. abak, be fleshy. 

«*M abbah, pi. &&t bukkdn, active, 
severe and active; destructive 
to cattle (as a season) ; cruel. 

W ibkd\ causing to weep. 

J6*\ abkdr, pL of /* bikr, q.v. ; 
— ibkdr, early morning. 

(&\ abkam, f. U£* bakmd', pi. fA 

buikm, dumb. 
( Jrt) abal, u, i, abil, i, be numerous, 
rove and pasture freely ; — abil, 
inf. abal, abdla-t, have many 
camels, breed camels; — inf. 
abl, vMl and v. inf. ta'abbul, 



eat herbs from thirst ; i. and n. 
keep aloof from; i. and v. ab- 
stain from women ; devote one's 
self entirely to God ; — abal, con- 
quer ; beat ; dig a well ; — n. inf. 
ta'bil, lament and praise the 
dead; also v. have or acquire 
many camels. 

J»\ ibl, ibil, (f .) pi. Jl^ dbdl, camel ; 
J^ J*t ibl ubbal, roving camels ; 
Jtty J^ ibl awdbil, numerous 
camels; a large, fructifying 
cloud ; — aball,L h balld', pi. j* 
ball, strong ; not to be shaken ; 
unjust; who pays badly; smooth ; 
•wetter. 

h\ ibid 9 , trial, visitation; wearing 
out of clothing. 

iS&ft iblds, being struck dumb with 
grief, despair, astonishment. 

£M ibldg, conveying, sending, in- 
forming; consummating, ac- 
complishing ; arriving at the age 
of puberty. 

(*M ibldm, being silent, silence. 

gM ablaj, f. baljd\ pi. gl* bulj, 
shining, serene, bright-faced ; 
clear and distinct; with sepa- 
rated eye-brows. 

^V ablah, f . Vaji* balfid 9 , stupid. 

<d*\ ablad, with separated eye- 
brows ; stout ; stupid. 

£*\ ablag, more or most effectual ; 
more eloquent ; (m.) more 
than. 

v$V ablaq, f. Val| balqd 9 , pi. <3** 
bulq, spotted (white and black), 
piebald. 

gW iblildj, distinctness. 

*V ablah, f. V& balhd\ pi. ^1| bulk, 
foolish, stupid ; careless, easy 
going ; simple, bashful ; arro- 
gant ; bearing hard work and 
thirst (camel). 

gjM abluj, sugar-loaf, sugar-candy. 

J~tM\ iblis, pi. u~*^ abdlis, &~JW^ 
abdlisa-t, Satan, the Devil. 

(*k\ iblim, ambergris ; honey. 

(etf^) aban, a, i, v, suspect ; — i. and 
ii. inf. ta'bin, blame ; — abin f 
coagulate and become black 



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&\ 



6 



jt\ 



(blood of a wound) ; n. blame; 
watch ; lament and praise the 
dead ; — n. and v. inf. ta'abbun, 
follow one's track. 

&\ ibn, abn, between two proper 
names & bin, pi. banun, in 
statu constr. band, vulg. bani, 
son. Frequently used in com- 
position, as: fA y* band ddam, 
men; J«— W &$ ibn as-sabil, 
wanderer, wayfarer; &*~ f£ &\ 
ibn ham sana-t, son of how 
many years, how old ? <*+& &\ 
ibn al-gimd, son of the scabbard, 
sword, &c. ; — S ibna-t, pi. **>W^ 
ibndt, daughter; — ubna-t, pi. 
i&t\ uban, ubandt, knot ; larynx ; 
hatred ; disgrace ; unnatural 
vice. 

f^\ ibnam, son. 

{j*f*\ abnus, abands, ebony. 

&t&\ abniya-t, buildings, pi. of W 
bind', ^ baniyy. 

(&i\) abahy abih, inf. abh, remember, 
pay attention to ; n. remind ; 
exhort, call one's attention 
to ; suspect ; v. show pride, 
turn from proudly ; — S abka-t, 
ubbaha-t, splendour ; beauty ; 
pride. 

«*>\^ abahdt, fathers, mothers, pi. 
of jj\ abu ; — ibhdt, astonishment ; 
perplexity. 

; W* ibkdr, (m.) blinding, depriva- 
tion of light. 

JM ibhdl, license ; flattery ; sprink- 
ling. 

f\#\ 3>hdm, pi. f*b\ abdhim, (*e*\i\ 
abdhim, thumb, big toe ; — iv. 
of (^), ambiguity. 

!*w\ abham, pi. f*& buhm, buhum, 
who cannot speak ; stranger, 
barbarian. 

y*\ obit, gen. ^\ abi, ace. \)\ abd, 
pi. Q)f\ abun, \l\ dbd\ &\#\ aba- 
hat, du. q\#\ abwdn, <J*\ abdn, 
father, parent, ancestor ; in 
composition, master, possessor, 
as : ^"O^ $\ abu-'l-husain 
(small castle), fox ; o^V *\ 
abA-'l-yaqzdn (awakening), cock ; 



*r>jk\ f\ abu ayyub (patience), 
camel; Sj«^ ^\ a bu ja'da-t 
(curled hair), wolf, fox ; v***^ $\ 
abu harriba* (stratagems), fox ; 
s-^3 f\ abu zanab (tail), comet, 
&c. ; — I abuurvoa-t, paternity. 

s^jrt abwdb, doors, pi. of s^ bob. 

&#\ abwd', cubits, ells, pi. of gW 
bd*. 

bjft aburiba-t, doors, pi. of v»W 
bdb. 

us>f\ ubut, heat. 

•>jft ubud, continuance, duration. 

iS>f\ abus, swift (horse). 

,3jrt abuq, escaped (slave). 

Jj^ abul, troop, swarm ; — ibbaul, 
pi. Jij^ abdwtl, troop of camels. 

i3fi\ abawiyy, paternal, fatherly ; — 
$ ubuwiyya-t, (m.) paternity. 

(^) aba, a, i, inf. \*\ ibd\ 
ibd'a-t 9 have aversion for, refuse, 
reject ; — abi, and its pass, ubi, 
suffer from indigestion; — iv. inf. 
i'bd', refuse (with two ace.) ; — 
v. inf. ta'abbi, the same (^ M* 
ale-hi iai'-an). 

<ji\ abiyy, who refuses from pride 
fastidious ; haughty ; — dbi (v>^ 
dbin), pi. abun, W ubdt, V ubd\ 
ubiyy, the same; ^j%\ aUdbi, 
lion; — ubayy, little father; 
— 8 abiyy a-t, she-camel, who 
refuses water or food ; — ibya-t, 
retention of the milk ; — ubiy- 
ya-t, pride. 

«*>W abydt, verses, distichs, pi. of 
*£-*** bait. 

q\&\ abydn, refusing from disgust. 

s-***t abib, month of July. 

*4l\ abid, eternal. 

*ye*\ ubairih, little Abraham. 

u*-^ abis, swift (horse). 

{ Jhi\ abyad, f. U^ baidd', pi. yAtf 
bid, white ; pure ; sword ; silver ; 
{j±*i$\ fl\ abu-'l-abyad, milk ; **>yd\ 
(j^3\ al-maut al-abyad, sudden 
death; ^«tt ±£\ aUyad aUbaidd\ 
benefit, power ; j^^ aUbid, the 
fair (women) ; 0^^ al-abya- 
ddn, milk and water ; water and 
bread. 



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a* 



t* 



\*&\ abyi'd 1 , buyers, pi. of gtf 
bayyi'. 

Jtrt^ abil, sad; monk; ^-J^ J**t 
abil al-abUin, Christ; pi. J*\ 
ubul, heavy stick; — 5 ubaila-t, 
small camel ; — abila-U green 
food. 

&e*\ abyan, more distinct, clear, 
evident. 

(u^) att, u, get the better of (in a 
law-suit) ; break the skull. 

f\ W Warn, giving birth to twins ; 
being double-barrelled. 

**»\5\ itdha-t, decree of fate. 

q\*\ atari, itdn, pi. ^ utn, utun, 
dtun, UyU ma tuna , she-ass. 

l$*\ itdwa-t, pi. v5j^ atdwi, crops ; 
tribute; present; bribe. 

&i)\*\ atdwih, deserts, pi. of **> tih. 

^s\ atdi, (m.) tea. 

(s-^) itb, pi. s^l afa&, s^ tt^wi, 
chemise without sleeves. 

w*\ atab y put on such a chemise ; — 
ii. ta 9 bit, dress a person with it ; 
pass., being made in shape of it 
(dress); — v. inf. ta'attub and 
viii. inf. iVitah, put on the 
chemise. 

&**\ aihd\ pi. of £*> q.v. ; — itbd', 
following or causing to follow ; 
attaining ; — ittibd*, following, 
obeying. 

sM ittijdj, conflagration, heat. 

j\er\ itjdr, ittijdr, traffic, com- 
merce. 

j\o^ ittihdd, union, concord ; unani- 
mity ; identity. 

U\**\ ithdf, presenting with. 

(*A atham=(**4\ adham, black ; — 
^ athamiyy, a striped mate- 
rial. 

6\&\ ittihdz, taking, accepting, 
election; adoption. 

y\ attar, for/j wattar, see/j . 

d\y\ atrdk, Turks, pi. of **)/ turk. 

&ij\ atriba-t, pi. of s^V iur ^f 
earth, dust. 

S/t utruj, utrujj; tff\ atrunj, 
citron. 

jUj\ Utisd', extension; commo- 



diousness ; capacity (of a place) ; 
amplitude of meaning. 

p\~s\ ittisdm, token, sign ; seal. 

u\&\ ittisdf, quality ; description ; 
praise. 

JV-o»\ ittisdl, union ; adhesion; being 
connected ; attachment, neigh- 
bourhood. 

gU*\ ittidd\ humiliation, abase- 
ment. 

s^>\»j\ at'db, vexations, pi. of s-**> 
ta'b; — it'db, causing fatigue, 
lassitude, vexation. 

^*UJ\ Was, ruining, causing perdi- 
tion. 

iUrt ittVdz, yielding to remon- 
strances. 

£\JS\ Utifdq, agreement, union, con- 
cord, harmony ; compact, league, 
alliance ; conspiracy ; fortune, 
chance, accident ; — ^ ittifdqiyy, 
accidental, casual, fortuitous. 

Vfirt ittiqd 9 , piety, fear of God ; 
fear ; avoidance ; abstraction. 

q\&\ itqdn, fixing ; perfecting ; 
skilful arrangement ; — ittiqdn, 
disquisition ; certifying. 

Uffirt atqiyd 9 , pious men, devotees, 
pi. of JS taqiyy. 

V£\ itkd', propping ; — ittihd 9 , lean- 
ing against, reclining upon. 

JUrt ittikdl, confidence, reliance. 

(Jrt) atal, I, inf. atl, ataldn, tildl, 
approach in anger; ^ min, be 
full of food and drink. 

J?\ utul, for J?j vmtul, pi. of 
J»j\ autal, full of food and 
drink. 

%\ Hid 9 causing to follow one an- 
other; continuation. 

<$5\ atldd, inherited goods, pi. of 
J& talad ; — itldd, property under 
the law of prescription. 

iJ)S\ itldf, causing ruin, destruc- 
tion, waste ; squandering. 

(pf\) atam, atim, inf. atm, burst; 
cut ; remain behind or standing. 

f$\ atam, slowness, laziness; pro- 
crastination ; — utm, utum, wild 



Digitized by 



Google 



8 



olive-tree; — akwm, more per- 
fect. 

f\+5\ itmdm, completion, perfec- 
tion; conclusion. 

(&\) atari, i, halt, stop ; approach, 
step up to ; i. and rv., give 
birth, so that the child's feet 
come first ; buy a she-ass ; to 
come down from a horse to an 
ass. 

tf\ utn, utun, pi. of q\s\ atdn, she- 
ass ; — utun, stoves, pi. of yf\ 
atwn. 

*rt atah, &f\ atuh, panting of one 
who carries a burden. 

f\&\ ithdm, causing to be suspected ; 
accusation. 

(y\) atd, u, inf. atw, itw, atwa-t, 
itd\ arrive (after a prosperous 
journey); visit; meet; come 
plentifully ; — inf. itdwa-t, 
bribe. 

f\ atWy S atwa-t, station ; gift, pre- 
sent; calamity, death; quick- 
ness. 

\y\ itwd', ruin. 

y\f\ atwdn, eager for presents. 

yf\ atun, attun, pi. vt>\ij>\ atwndt, 
y5\ utun, ($<*$ atdtin, stove, 
oven, furnace. 

(<jrt) ata, i, inf. ity, uty, ity an f uU 
ydn, itydna-t, utydna-t, ma'tdt, 
iiiyy, uHyy y come ; with s-> &t,come 
with, bring, give, give birth ; — 
with ace., approach (a woman) ; 
punish ; begin, undertake ; — 
with J li, happen ; — <J* t ala, 
come over, destroy; pass., be 
surprised or killed by one's 
enemy ; — u. inf. ta'tiya~t, smooth 
the way ; — in. agree with a per- 
son (ace.) about a matter (^ 
*ala) ; be agreeable, favourable ; 

— iv. drive towards, bring, give 
as a present ; reward ; — v. suc- 
ceed ; be ready, in good order ; 

— vi. associate, prove one's self 
a good companion ; — x. wish 
for someone's arrival ; rut (she- 
camel). 

J\ dti, (?»\ dt-in), coming next ; 



4>W al-dtiya-t, jflR aUdH, the 
future ; — atiyy, new comer ; 
sudden irruption (of water, &c.). 

q\*>\ itydn, arrival. 

v~*5\ atyas, goatish; stubborn; 
stupid. 

**?\ atyah, wandering, straying. 

(*>\) ass, a, i, u, inf. asasy asdsa-t, 
um§y grow luxuriantly (grass, 
hair) ; have large thighs and 
hips (a woman); — n. spread 
carpets, furnish (m.); — v. be 
furnished; be lodged conve- 
niently. 

^ isd*, stone. 

*»W isdba-t, retribution; requital; 
recovery. 

*±>$\ asdsy household furniture ; 
goods (comprising herds, slaves, 

Ac.)- 
jW is'dr, as'dr, pi. of jtf sa'r, 

vengeance ; retribution ; — dsdr, 

tracks, traces, pi. of $\ asar. 

JW asdf-in, <jW osdfi, pi." of i**\ 
usfiyya-t. 

JW asdly noble origin; authoritv 
and respect; — dsdl, pi. of J*\ 
a§l, tamarisk ; — isdl, pi. of firt 
asla-ty root, &c. 

p£\ asdm, isdm, sin, guilt, punish- 
ment ; — dsdm, sins, pi. of f£\ 
ism ; — assdm, sinner. 

&<f\*\ asdnin, Monday. 

l)\S\ isdwa-ty hW isdya-t, informa- 
tion (to the judge). 

%m>\£\ asbdty pi. of v*4* sabat, truth- 
ful man, <fce. ; — isbdt, pi. isbdtdt, 
proof, demonstration ; reason ; 
confirmation. 

(t?^)> x * c^**^ ista'saj, grow luxuri- 
antly, entwine. 

J*3 asjal, f . saild 1 , big-bellied. 

•fcft asd-in, \<& asdd\ ^jft asdi, 
breasts, pi. of ^ sady, sidy, 
sadan. 

(j\) asar, u, i, inf. asr, take or choose 
for one's self; cover frequently 
(camel) ; excite; forge (a sword) ; 
quote, cite ; — asir, a, excel (<J^ 
'ala), decide on ; begin (with aor. 
or g\ an ;) — u. inf. ta'wr, leave 



Digitized by 



Google 



fl 



9 



traces, impress, make an impres- 
sion (^ ft); — in. inf. mu'dsara-t, 
prefer ; — iv. inf. i'sdr, prefer, 
give precedence ; — v. inf. ta'as- 
sur, also viii. inf. it'isdr, follow 
one's tracks ; — vi. inf. ta'dsur, 
not admit of doubt ; — x. inf. 
istVsdr, claim for one's self. 
f\ asr, pi. usur, undulating ground; 
splendour ; — asar, trace, sign, 
impression, remains ; monu- 
ment ; memoirs, sayings, tra- 
dition ; deeds ; — isr, trace, f\ 
isr-a, prep, after, close behind ; 
— S asara-t, choice, preference; 
egotism ; — isra-t, selfishness ; 
/ — tisra-t, pi. y\ usar, exploit ; 
hereditary merit; mention; re- 
mainder, 
yt isrd*, being rich ; riches. 
pf\ asram, f . Uy sarmd, toothless ; 
full of notches, blunt ; shortened 
(foot in poetry). 
J«tt as'al, f. sa'ld', having over- 
grown teeth. 
*-&>\ asaf, i. follow, pursue ; seek, 
look for ; — n. support, prop ; 
pursue incessantly. 
\*&\ asfiyd, &<Jo\ usfiyya-t, pi. asdf-in, 

asafi, prop of the pot. 
(J^) <*>sal, i- i^F' usul;—asul, inf. 
asdla-t, be firmly rooted ; be of 
noble origin; — n. inf. ta'sil, 
increase (a.) ; confer benefits 
and distinctions ; — v. inf. ta'- 
assul, be firmly rooted ; increase 
(n.) ; acquire ; make provisions ; 
dig (a well). 
Jft asl, pi. Jy\ usul, J&\ dsdl, 
tamarisk ; — S asla-t, pi. JW isdl, 
root, origin ; family ; autho- 
rity ; livelihood ; provisions ; 
utensils. 
gJfcft isldj, snowing. 
(Jft aslam, notchy, blunt; shortened 
foot in poetry. 

(f&) a>§a>m>t a, u, inf. ism, ma 9 asm, 
deem guilty; impute as a sin; 
— asim, sin ; — n. accuse of sin, 
sin ; — iv. cause to fall into sin ; 



— v. sin, and, by opposition, 
renounce sin, do penance. 

(A ism, pi. ftf\ dsdm, sin, state of 
sm ; — dsim, sinner; — S isama-t, 
pi. of f*J\ asim, sinner. 

jUft asmdr, fruits, pi. of samar. 

gUft asmdn, prices, pi. of saman; 

— eighth parts, pi. of sumn ; — 
ismdn, being precious ; value. 

•**>\ ismid, usmud, antimony. 

l$**\ asman, more, most, or very 

precious, dear. 
e>tt usun, for vmsun, statues, idols. 
Uft asnd\ fold; middle; interval ; — 
I «** ^ o 4 ft asnd' zalik, mean- 
I ™hi\e ; — isnd', praise, eulogy. 
(^\ isndni, f. isnatdni, sintdni, 
two ; in composition, isnd, vulg. 
i*ne, as : j** (^\) Lft isnd (isne) 
'aSara,^ f . isnatd 'aSrata, twelve ; 
— i&~*y\ p$ yaumu - 7- isnaini, 
Monday. 
S**ft asniya-t, praises, pi. of sand*. 
(yt) W asd, v, inf. asw, isdwa-t, 
also ^\ asa, i, inf. asy, isdya-t, 
accuse, calumniate (Joe &* ^\ djlc 
^\ 'ale-hi or bi-hi Hnda ahad-in). 
v>\y\ aswdb, v»y* aswub, cloths, <fcc, 

pi. of savh. 
j\f\ aswdr, pi. of sour, large piece 

of the cream-cheese ^s\ aqf, iqf. 
;jft usur, traces, pi. of asar. 
Jf\ aswal, giddy (sheep); slow; 

stupid ; mad. 
Cf\ asum, sinner, liar. 
($y\ asHn^atUn, furnace. 
Jm dsi, informer, spy. 
*±+#\ asis, luxuriant, large; pi. 
asdyis, woman with large thighs 
and hips ; see (*±A) ass. 
jt?\ asir, what bears traces, signs ; 
exquisite, excellent; intimate 
friend ; sky, ether. 
Jaft asil, belonging to the root, 

original ; firm ; of noble birth. 
^ asim, pi. isama-t, sinner, liar ; 
— 8 asima-t, great criminal; great 
sinfulness. 
i$J\ asin=asil. 

(C^) ajj* ^, inf. ajij, barn, blaze ; — 
X7, i, inf. ajj, run ; charge, attack 

2 



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Google 



vv 



10 



lfr**>\ 



(an enemy) ; — inf. ajuj, be 
bitter, salt ; — n. inf. ta'jtf, 
kindle, inflame; — nr. inf. ijdj, 
make bitter or salt; — v. inf. 
ta'ajjuj, and viii. inf. U'ijdj, 
blaze ; — v., vi. inf. ta'djnj, 
and viii. be hot (day, weather) ; 

— S ajja-t, heat, fire ; rebellion. 
W\ aja\ flee, take to flight ; — S 

ijd'a-t, bringing, procuring (s.). 
s^W\ ijdb, S ijdba-t, (favourable) 

reply ; approval ; consenting ; 

complying with. 
eW^ ujdj, bitter, salt; heat (ol 

war) ; — ajjdj, burning. 
&y*\+\ ajdjira-t, ;*%W^ ajdjir, roofs, 

pi. of j\*\ ijjdr, 
0**W\ ajajin, pi. of &W\ ijjdna-t, 

q-v. 

tW> ajdh, ijdk, vjdh, veil ; — 8 
ijdha-t, annihilation. 

J jW\ ajddil, pi. of J^ ajdal, q.v. 

£*>W\ ijdda-t, giving generously ; 
acting or speaking well; excel- 
lence (iv. of **$«►). 

jW\ ijjdr , pi. ajdjir, ajdjira-t, roof ; 

— djdr*, rewards, pi. of f*\ ajr ; 

— S ijdra-t (iv. ^), protection, 
patronage; — ijdra-t, ajdra-t, 
ujdra-t, reward ; rent, hire, con- 
tract. 

8jW^ ijdza-t, permission, leave; 

venia docendi ; diploma for it ; 

present ; completion of a verse. 
^pV\ ajds, cotton ; — ijjds, plum ; 

— h ijjdsiyya-t, soup of plums. 
&e\^\ ijd'a-t, causing to hunger, 

starving. 
JW^ djdl, terms, &c, pi. of J*\ 

ajal, q.v. ; — a ijdla-t, causing to 

make a round ; distribution all 

around. 
f»W\ djdm, ijdm, bushes, <&c., pi. of 

ps*\ ajam ; — djdm, frogs. 
s-JM ajdnib, pi. of ^>**\ ajnab, 

q.v. 
&\+\ ijjdna-t, pi. ajdjin, urn ; am- 
phora ; washing- tub. 
j*V\ ajdicid, JfcjW ajdwid, pi. of 

*>\j*. jcmdd, q.v. 



s^Wt a b, wells, Ac., pi. of 

jubb. 
j^A ijbdi, compulsion, force, vio- 
lence. 

JW^ ajbdl, mountains, pi. of J** 
jabal. 

u~#A ajbas, weak, stupid. 

&*+) ajbun, 8 ajbina-t, foreheads, 
pi. of {$#**■ jabin. 

&<*A ajbah, f. jabhd', pi. jubh, 
having a broad, fine forehead; 
al-ajbah, lion. 

*+\ ajbu\ pi. of s-* jab*, q.v. 

W**\ ijtibd', choice, election, selec- 
tion. 

♦±>Ua*.\ ijtisds. cutting off, tearing 
out, rootiDg up. 

j\±x+\ ijtiddr, surrounding with a 
wall. 

s^As*^ ijtizdb, attraction. 

\f*A ijtird 9 , daring, boldness. 

t\f+\ ijtirdh, striving to get ; (m.) 
doing wonders. 

j\jX+\ ijtirdr, drawing, drawing up ; 
chewing the cud. 

u\f+\ ijtirdf, shovelling away, 
digging. 

(*\j*A ijtirdm, guilt, transgression, 
offence (<J^ «ala, J\ ila). 

\y+\ ijtizd', being contented with 
(h» bi). 

^yst^ ijtizdz, mowing, math, swath ; 
harvest; shearing. 

^Uj^ ijtisds, spying. 

*^&x*\ ijtildb, import (of slaves, 
goods). 

gU**\ ijtimd', gathering, assembly, 
concourse, meeting ; social inter- 
course ; accumulation. 

Uaj*\ ijtind', gathering fruit ; frui- 
tion. 

^Iw^t ijtindb, avoiding, shunning, 
turning aside, flight. 

4\qx*\ ijtihdd, zeal, solicitude, dili- 
gence, effort, exertion; perfection 
in the knowledge of law. 

s-»W^ ijtiydb, roaming about a 
country. 

tW*^ ijtiydh, annihilation, destruc- 
I tion; eradication. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



11 



>t 



jlfrS*»t ijtiydz, passing on, passage ; 
journey to a distance. 

o^Wl ijhdfdt, injuries ; insults. 

•w**\ ajhad, poor; barren; ava- 
ricious. 

•fc^ ajadd, new ; du. ajadddn, day 
and night ; — ajd-in, ajdi, he- 
goats, pi. of ^5^ jady. 

\*+\ ijdd', profiting, procuring of 
advantages (s.). 

s^A±*\ ijddb, sterility, barrenness ; 
dryness. 

*>W\ ajddd, grandfathers, ances- 
tors, pi. of ^- jadd. 

j\^\ ijddr, growing, budding. 

«^>^ ajdab, barren, waste-; f. 
jadbd', desert ; — ajdub, vices, 
pi. of s^*** jadab. 

jJ^\ ajdar, worthier, fitter, more 



appropriate ; f . 



jadrd, 



scabby ; marked by small-pox. 

£j**\ ajda', f . jadd', mutilated ; aU 
ajda% the devil. 

Jj^\ ajdal, pi. ajddil, f. jadM', pi. 
judl, lovely, handsome; a kind 
of falcon ; — jadld', beautiful 
woman; fine, strong coat of 
mail; bitch. 

J\-M ajzdl, stems, roots, pi. of J^ 
jiz I ; — ijzdl, cheering up. 

(j*\) ajar, i, u, inf. ajr, ijdra-t, 
reward, pay ; hire, work for 
hire ; let for money ; — inf. 
ajr, ajdr, ujv/r, be set and 
heal (broken bone) ; set a 
broken bone; pass. *<$) ^ fA 
ujira fi waladi-hi, his son has 
died ; — n. inf. ta'jir, burn 
bricks ; — in. inf. mu'djara-t, 
hire slaves ; pay ; stipulate 
wages; prostitute one's self (a 
woman) ; — iv. inf. i'jdr, re- 
ward ; let for hire ; — viii. inf. 
iVijdr, ask for reward, wages, 
presents, alms ; — x. inf. ieti 1 - 
jdr, hire ; burn bricks ; (m.) 
let. 

f+\ ajr, pi. vjibr, djdr, wages ; hire ; 
reward ; recompense, requital ; 
gift, morning gift; — ajwr, vjur, 
djur, pi. ajurin, brick ; — - ajar, 



Hagar ; — ajr-in, ajri, pi. of yp- 
jarw, q.v. ; — S ujra-t, wages, 
salary ; — ajirra-t, straps, reins, 
pi. of j&fh jarir ; — djura-t, dji- 
ra-t, brick. 

\y+\ ujard\ servants, pi. of y&A 
ajir ; — ajrd% bolder ; pi. of <£f*> 
jari', bold, and of #* jarw, voung 
beast of prey ; — ijrd\ biinging 
into circulation ; execution of an 
order. 

v*\fA ajrds, bells, pi. of [j*f*- jars ; 
— ijrds, producing a sound, a 
noise. 

f\fA ajr dm, pi. of fj+ jirm and 
jaram, q.v.; — ijrdm, crime, 
fault. 

y\ft\ ajarrdni, men and genii; — 
ajrdn, basins, <fcc, pi. of yp-jum. 

^>fA ajrab, pi. jwrb, scabious ; kind 
of cucumber; — f. jarbd', sky; 
barren land; beautiful girl; — 
I ajriba-t, pi. of ^>\y* jardb and 
w*tf*-jarib, q.v. 

<*y*\ ajrad, f . jardd 9 , pi. jwrd, naked, 
smooth ; without vegetation ; 
hairless ; pure (wine) ; complete 
(day, month). 

f^fA ijransam, fall head over 
heels ; adhere, stick to. 

&fA ajrina-t, fore-necks, pi. of y\y* 
jirdn. 

^^fA ajrtidi, beardless. 

sjpA ajri, 6 ajriya-t, pi. of #* jarw, 
young beast of prey ; — ijriyy, 
run, course; — I ijriyya-t, form, 
shape ; natural disposition. 

\ifA ajriyd', pi. ^^ youthful ; -- 
ijriyd\ run, course; proceeding; 
custom, habit; form, shape ; 
natural disposition. 

(yA) x. v*U~\ Ma'jax, lean with 
one's side against a cushion. 

\yt\ ajzd', parts, &c, pi. of j* jots'. 

<jt\y*\ ajzdjiyy, ^\yA ajzd'i (m.) 
pi. 8 , apothecary, chemist, drug- 
gist. 

J\yA ijzdl, giving abundantly. 

Jy».\ ajzal, greater, more consider- 
able; sore (beast of burden); 
of great intellect. 



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ffA ajzam, more cutting; more 
effectual ; more decided. 

*>L^\ ajsdd, bodies, pi. of 
jasad. 

f\*~tt\ ajsdm, bodies, pi. of 
jism. 

is+\ ajass, of a harsh sound. 

V-W^ ajs'd', pi. of {J^jas\ q.v. 

y*«A ajiar, hoarse, coughing. 

JU^ aj'dl, salaries, pensions, pi. 
of J*+ju ( l. 

JW\ ijjdl, taking fright, running 
away. 

gVM ajfdn, eyelids, pi. of tf+jafn. 

&M ajfala-t, i JJ*»\ ajfala, nume- 
rous troop. 

J**^ ijfil> shy ; male ostrich ; old 
woman ; far-carrying bow. 

J6+\ ijkdr, (m.) obtruding one's 
merchandise on a buyer. 

(<J*A) a i a h i» xt, fix a term; delay, 
tarry ; prevent (cattle from pas- 
turing); bring distress upon 
(<J^ 'ala); bring good luck to 
(J li) one's people ; cure of a 
sore throat ; — ajil, i, have a 
sore throat ; — n. inf. ta'jil, 
fix a term to a person (ace), 
grant him a delay; — n., in. 
inf. mu'djala-t, prevent from; 
cure of a sore throat ; collect 
water in a pond ; — v. inf. 
ta'ajjul, have or attain a term ; 
assemble in due time ; gather in 
a herd ; collect (n.), as water ; 
ask for a term or delay ; — x. 
inf. isti'jdl, ask for a delay. 

J*-\ ajaly pi. djdl, appointed time, 
term ; fate, destiny ; death ; 
aUdjdl, hour of death ; — ajal, 
indeed, no doubt, undoubtedly ; 
— ajl, troop of buffaloes ; — ajl, 
ijl, cause, reason, motive, sake : 
min ajlak, li-ajlalc, for thy sake ; 

. min ajl an, because ; — ijl, pi. 
djdl, sore throat; — djil, who 
grants a delay, who delays, what 
is postponed ; al-djil, 8 al-djila-t, 
the future life ; — ujjal, ijjal, 
chamois ; — ajall, f . julla, greater, 
more illustrious, more impor- 



tant; — 8 ajilla-t, pi. of JJ^jaM 
and J*. jaU, sublime, Ac. 

%>\ ajilld, ijld', emigration ; expul- 
sion ; — pi. of J<k-jalil, sublime, 
&c. 

s^M ajldb, pi., camel-dealers. 

ij*&A ijlds, causing, ordering, re- 
questing one to sit down ; being 
seated or enthroned. 

JV\ ajldl, housings, &c, pi. of J*- 
jull ; — ijldl, magnificence, ma- 
jesty, grandeur, splendour, sub- 
limeness, loftiness ; honour ; 
reverence. 

eM ajlah, bald on the forehead; 
without horns ; camel-litter. 

crM ajlas, (m.) straighter, more 
direct. 

JM ajlal=J+\ ajall. 

£**M ijlanfa' (g*k), be stout. 

*M ajlah, without horns; with a 
high, bald fore-head. 

<J+\ ajla, f. jalwd' , jalyd' , brighter, 
more resplendent ; smoother ; 
serene ; beautiful ; with a high 
forehead. 

(f*A) ajam, inf. ajm, ajim, be 
burning hot ; — ajim, loathe ; get 
corrupted (as water) ; force one 
against his will ; — iv. inf. 
i'jdm, disgust, inspire with aver- 
sion ; — v. ta'ajjum, be excessively 
hot ; blaze ; be angry with (<Ji 
'ala) ; enter a thicket (lion). 

(*A ajam, a ajma-t, pi. ujm, ujum, 
ijdm, djdm, bush, thicket, wood ; 
refuge ; asylum ; — ujum, pi. 
djdm, castle, little fortress; — 
ajm, heat, anger ; square house 
with roof ; — ajamm, f . jammd', 
fleshy ; smooth ; without horns ; 
without battlements ; without a 
lance (horseman) ; unadorned 
(women) ; pudenda (of a woman). 

£ W\ ijmd 1 , assembly, collection ; 
unanimity, accordance in reli- 
gious teaching ; shortening of a 
vowel. 

JW\ ijmdl, collection, abridgment, 
compendium, summary, synop- 
sis ; treating a matter in a 



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IS 



u 



general way, opposed to J*-tf 
tafsil, treating in detail. 

Q++\ ajma 6 , pi. ajma'un, f. jam'iV, 
pL jum\ all, universal, the 
whole. 

J**^ ajmal, more beautiful, hand- 
somer, better. 

<j*+\ ajamiyy, swamp?, bushy. 

(j&*-\) ajan, i, u, ajin, a, inf. ajn, 
ajan, ujun, change its taste and 
colour, get corrupted (as water) ; 
— ajan, cleanse dirty linen, cloth, 
Ac. ; — djin, corrupted water ; — 
S ajinna-t, pi. of (;>**> janin, em- 
bryo ; — ajna-t, ijna-t, ujna-t, 
fullest part of the cheek. 

<j*Wt ajmUj kinds, sorts, pi. of 
<j~*t jins. 

Hr**^ ajnab y pi. ajdnib, indocile, 
disobedient; also ^ ajnabiyy, 
foreign, outlandish ; belonging 
to another; — 3 ajniba-t, pi. of 
s->U* jandby q.v. 

£*+\ ajnuh, 5 ajniha-t, wings, pi. of 
tW jandh. 

*- to +\ ajnaf, declining from the 
right way; unjust; hump- 
backed. 

&+\ ajnun, pi. of &4*hjanin, embryo. 

*>W ijhdd, stimulation. 

jW^ ijhdr, making public, publica- 
tion. 

j9+\ ajhar, day- blind; well made, 
of handsome form ; white above 
nose and forehead (horse), f. 
jahrd', flat, treeless ground; 
troop; elite of a tribe. 

fy+\ ajhiza-t, pi. of jW jahdz, q.v. 

Je>\ ajhal, more, most or very 
ignorant. 

tjpA ajha, bald, uncovered ; f . jah- 
wd\ serene sky. 

&t+\ <*>jw<*>h> pl« of tf*-juh, cloth. 

4\fA ajiodd, pi. of *y\ft jawdd, 
noble. 

)\j+\ ajwdr, neighbours, pi. of ;W 
jar. 

sy>fA ajwab, more effective; more 
to the purpose ; more advanta- 
geous ; — 8 ajuriba-t, answers, 
replies, pL of s^V* i ™®)* 



±fA ajwad, i.jaudd\ p].jud, more 
generous, more distinguished. 

jyA ajur, djfir, brick ; — ujur> setting 
of a broken bone ; rewards, <fcc, 
pi. of ys»\ ajr. 

)f>^ qjwcM* * ajwista-t, pi. of ^W 
jd'iz, q.v. 

«-Jy»>\ ajvxif, f. jaufd\ pi. juf, con- 
cave, hollow (verb) ; spacious ; 
al-ajwaf, lion; aLajwafdn, belly 
and vagina. 

sifA ajwal, turning round more 
frequently; dusty. 

ffA afum, cups, pi. of fW jam; 

— ajum, causing horror; ab- 
horred, hateful. 

OfA ajiin, corrupted, foul (water) ; 

— ajwan, white, and, by opposi- 
tion, black ; red ; f . jaund', sun ; 
blackened pot ; black camel. 

•>W^ ajydd, necks, pi. of ±#* jid. 
«-*Wt ajydfy dead bodies, carcasses, 

pi. of t&o+jifa~t. 
JW^ ajydl, generations, pi. of J*% 

jil. 
ge^t ajij, fire, flame. 
•*t*t ajyad, f. jaidd', pi. jud f 

jid, with a long, well-shaped 

neck. 
j>&\ ajir, pi. ujard', servant; day 

labourer; workman. 
J**^ ajil, who grants delay, who 

delays ; — assembled. 
(K&\ ajim, heat, fire ; zeal. 
( c \) ahh, u, inf. ahh, cough; n. 

cough repeatedly, frequently. 
fj^\ ahdbis, Abyssinians, pi. of 

(J^i*\ ahbas. 
#W\ ihdsa-t, digging up and ex- 
ploration of the ground. 
t^\ uhdh, inner heat, thirst; 

anger ; grief ; — alas ! 
^W\ ahdji, ahdjiyy, riddles, pi. of 



S»^»»\ uhjuiowa-t. 
+S uhi 



c\aS uhdda, **\e>\ S\+\ uhdda uhdda, 
by ones, single; — dhud, pi. of 
j**\ ahad, one ; — a ihdda-t, 
alienation ; causing estrange- 
ment. 

<4*j>t>W\ afyddisy pi. of e**J*. kadis 
and 3$y>*- hadusa-t 9 q.v. 



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14 



SiW\ ihd$a-t, quick driving, urg- 
ing. 

jj\*\ ahdrir, pi. of /*■ Aarr, heat. 

ij\o\ ihdra-t, answer. 

(^-•W ahdsin, pi. of ^**»-^ ahean, 
handsomer, better. 

^-.W aA«*f, draughts, pi. of iy~e- 
haswa-t. 

Xjb»\eJ\ ihdJa-t, chase. 

&W\ iiidta~t, surrounding ; invest- 
ing ; comprehension, concep- 
tion. 

tW\ ahdzz, pi. of ^ hazz, q.v. 

^W\ ahdfir, wells, pi. of /*• Aa/r, 
Aa/ar. 

SS\L\ ihdka-t, weaving; impression 
(made by a speech, &c). 

8S\*\ ihdla-t, change ; conversion to 
Islam ; transfer (of a bill of 
change) ; bill of change ; cheque ; 
improbability; absurdity. 

J<JUA ahdlil, pi. of J*U Mil, 
penis. 

y\*\ ahdmir, pi. of ,-A ahmar, 

yU ahhdn, hater, hateful ; furious. 

^^W^ ahdyin, pi. of &** hm, mo- 
ment, &c. 

s-*^ ahabb, dearer, more agree- 
able, comp. of s-w»» habib. 

\+*\ ahbd\ favourites, pi. of W* 
haba' ; — ahibbd, 8 ahibba-t, and 

s^\ aAfeofe, pi. of s «»: * Aafrft, 
friend. 

; V^\ aA&ar, Hebrew doctors, pon- 
tiffs, scribes, pi. of p*> hdbr. 

J~*\ ahbds\ loud ; — ahbas, uhbus, 
pi. u*-*^ ahdbUy Abyssinian. 

s y^\ ahbal, ihbil, uhbul, bean. 

^t^\ aAfom, dropsical. 

Ji»p*\ ahbus, pi. ahdbis, troop com- 
posed of members of different 
tribes. 

J^ uhbnl, * uhbula-t, hunting-net, 
snare. 

\z*\ ihtd\ sowing ; fastening. 

ob>i aMttf, pi. of o^ £atf, q.v. 

^W*^ tM&as, retaining; confin- 
ing; imprisoning; keeping cap- 
tive. 



sjI^s*^ ihtijdb, seclusion; retreat; 

taking the veil, 
fcl^x^ ihtijdj, documentary proof ; 

litigating. 
p\jA*\ ihtiddm, great heat. 
^&fc^ ihtizd\ putting on shoes. 
AS** ifcfdr} cautiousness, being 
)J T % -i -™* \ on one's guard. 

j\y^\ ihtirdq, conflagration, burn- 
ing; being consumed; tarnish- 
ing ; strong desire. 

p\f*-\ ihtirdm, veneration, rever- 
ence. 

Q\ysc»\ Mizdn, sadness, sorrowful- 
ness. 



ihtisdb, computation, 
reckoning ; estimating ; opinion ; 
supposition. 

p\j^i*\ ihttidm, bashf ulness ; mo- 
desty ; reverence. 

jUsa.\ ihtisdd, harvest, crops. 

^Uxd^ ihtiddn, embrace. 

LlLa^A ihtitdt, degradation, abase- 
ment; contempt; abatement of 
price. 

to**\ ihtifd\ being bare-foot. 

t\hx>\ ihtifdd, zeal, quickness. 

jU*d.\ ihtifaVy digging out, excava- 
tion. 

ktos^A ihtifdz, preserving ; guarding 
against. 

s }\te*\ Mifdl, solemnity ; pomp. 

j\too\ ihtiqdr, being despised. 

y\to*\ ihtiqdn, dysury; administer- 
ing a clyster, syringing. 

} \&*\ ihtikdr, hoarding grain, to 
sell it at high prices; mono- 
poly. 

fUo^ ihtihdm, authority over (^ 
( ala). 

s^A*>\ ihtildb, milking. 

fk*\ ihtildm, dreaming; wet 
dreams ; getting of full age. 

\+**\ ihtimd', taking refuge with 
(v» bi) ; abstaining from (^ 
min). 

JUa^ ihtimdl, patience, suffering 
patiently ; possibility ; proba- 
bility ; supposition ; danger. 



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\js+.\ %htiwd\ collection ; contents ; 

comprising. 
tW=»^ ihtiydj, want; having need 

of ; indigence. 
t\*s*A ihtiydf, investing, siege, 

blockade ; caution ; circumspec- 
tion. 
J\^to.\ ihtiydl, stratagem ; fraud ; 

sagacity ; art of living. 
«±»Uo*T ihsds, instigation, spurring 

on, urging. 
jV^d.\ ahjdr, stones, pi. of j+e» 

hajar. 
A+pJ ihjdm, cupping. 
&+*\ ahijja-t, pi. of g^ hajdj, 

< l' v - 
S^o-\ uhjuwwa-t, &*+*-\ uhjiyya-t, 

pi. ahdj-in, ahdji, ahdjiyy, riddle, 

enigma. 

(j^\) ahad, f. ihda, pi. a had, uhddn, 

ahddiln, one ; someone, somebody ; 

al-dhad, the units (1 to 9) ; f£ 

jko-9\ yaum al-ahad, Sunday ; — 

II. ahhad, inf. ta'hid, profess 

that there is one God ; — make 

one out of two ; add one ; — 

v. inf. ta'ahhud, separate one's 

self, seclude; — viit. inf. it'i- 

hdd, the same ; (m.) unite ; 

be identical ; — x. inf. iafa''- 

hdd, seclude one's self ; devote 

one's self entirely to (v> bi) ; — 

ahadd, more, most or very acute, 

sharp, cutting, vehement ; fierce ; 

with sharp teeth (wolf). 

4>W\ ahdds, pi. of *±>J»» hadas 
and d^Jfe. kadis, q.v. ; — ihdds, 
creation ; invention ; innovation. 

jUl ahddq, pupils, eye-balls, pi. 
of Li ■■ > ■ * hadaqa-t ; — ihddq, 
blockade. 

gW^ uhddn, see J^ ahad. 

%^»>+\ ahdab, hump-backed ; arched; 
f. hadbd', pi. hudb, misfortune ; 
difficulty ; she-camel. 

j**»\ ahdar, squinting ; with slender 
hips (horse). 

Jjko^ ahdal, f. hadld\ pi. hudul, 
wry, oblique ; left-handed (am- 
bidexter). 

Z$^\ uhddsa-t, pi. <^-*^ ahddis, 



rumour, news, information ; tale, 
narrative. 

s^Jd*\ ihdaudab, xn. of s-»^ - v - 

,jo^\ ihdaudaq, xn. of J^ q.v. 

j)±*\ uhdur, steep precipice. 

Z^\ uhduwwa-t, melody of a camel- 
driver. 

^^ ahadiyy, unique ; — ihda, f . 
of J^A ahad ; — S ahadiyya-t, 
oneness, unity ; uniqueness ; — 
uhdiyya-t, melody of a camel- 
driver. 

s-»Wa^ ihdibdb, being hump- 
backed. 

h^ ahziya-t, shoes, pi. of W hizd\ 

C\ aharr, hotter, hottest, very hot. 
J +\ ahrd\ pi. of f- har-in, ^f- hari, 

worthy, fit. 
)\f»\ ahrdr, pi. of f» hurr, free, &c. 

j^^ ahrdz, pi. of )j* hirz, q.v. ; -— 
ihrdz, watching over, surveil- 
lance ; solicitude. 

j\f*\ ihrdq, kindling, setting on fire. 

(t\f»\ akrdm, pi. of f>f» haram, and 
f*>f- harlm, q.v. ; — f>\jf\ ihrdm, 
time during which certain things 
are forbidden ; excommunica- 
tion, anathema, interdiction ; 
Cm.) disinheriting. 

5jaJ\ ahraj, narrower, comp. of tf- 
harij. 

v*f*-\ ahras, very old. 

sj»f*\ ahras, rough to the touch ; a 
coin ; a kind of lizard. 

**Jf»\ ahruf, letters, pi. of <-if- 
harf. 

p\arf»\ ihrinjdm, crowd, see {•*■/*■ 
harjam. 

cJUi^\ ihran&af, be ready to anger, 
to do evil. 

y6yJ\ ihranfaz, gather, assemble (n.). 

^f*\ ahra, more appropriate ; more 
worthy ; better, best ; ^f-\ f£ 
ham ahra, how much the more. 

\tf\ ahriyd\ pi. of ^f* hari-y, q.v. 

s^v^ ahzdb, troops, &c, pi. of s^)°- 
nizb. 

p\y>\ ahzdm, companions ; — ihzdm, 
bridling, loading a beast of bur- 
den. 

y\y±\ ahxdn, sorrows, &c, pi. of 



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»\ 



16 



^\ 



grieving, 

(milk, 

the 



<$)-*> huzn ; — ihzdn, 
causing to be sad. 

)y>\ ahzir, f. hoard* ', sour 
wine). 

U -U^ fc \ {fads, perception by 
senses. 

q\~**\ ihsdn, benefit, beneficence ; 
favour ; present ; kindness ; 
courtesy. 

s-*~*»\ ahsab, more, most or very 
much esteemed ; a good substi- 
tute; leprous. 

0—ft^ ahsan, pi. (j— U>t ahdsin, more, 
most or very beautiful, hand- 
some ; better, best. 

&t~*\ ahsiya-t, draughts, pi. of Sj—a. 
haswa-t. 

\***\ ahM\ intestines, pi. of "Va^ 
has-an. 

yj*lt*.\ ihtdt, mowing of grass. 

pU*>\ ahsdm, retinue. 

#***>\ ahsam, very timid, bashful. 

^\ ihsd\ counting, reckoning ; 
comprehending, expressing, de- 
scribing; skill. 

iyt*\ ahsira-t, pi. of yt**> hasir, q.v. 

{$**-\ ahsan, f . hasnd\ chaste ; — S 
ahsina-t, horses, pi. of ^L-^ 
hisdn ; arrow-heads, lances. 

jU&.\ ihddr, producing, causing to 
be present; summoning; call- 
ing ; preparing, making ready. 

(i)Ua.\ ahddn, sides, pi. of (j-a*. 
hidn, 

2***\ ahidda-t, lowest parts, <fcc, pi. 
of j±~*e» had id, q.v. 

» i J * * \ ahfab, f. hafbd', very thin ; 
miserable. 

W ahuzz, pi. of Ife- hazz, q.v. 

VM ihza, protection. 

&*\ ahiffa-t, pi. of ^V^ hifdf, q.v. 

«J^ ahaqq, worthier, worthiest ; 
fitter for (v> bi); — ahq-in, for 
^5^ ahql, pi. of ^ haqw, q.v. 

Va*>\ ahiqqd\ pi. of ij^B*. haqiq ; — 
ahqd', pi. of yfe* haqw, q.v. 

*>Uo»\ ahqdd, pi. of »*&>• haqad, hatred, 
rancour ; deep grudge ; — ihqdd, 
instigation to hatred. 
j\&>\ ihqdt, contempt. 

% }\&^\ ahqdq, pi. of &fe* huqqa-t, q.v. ; 



— ihqdq, getting the better of 
an adversary in a law- suit ; cer- 
tainty, knowing for certain. 

Jte^ ahqdl, pi. of &** haqla-t, 
colic. 

/+-\ ahqar, more, most, or very 
much despised, viler, meaner, 
lower ; poorer, humbler. 

Jl£e.\ ihhdl, abstruseness, confu- 
sion. 

f\&»\ ahhdm, judgments, <fec, pi. 
of ^b» hukm ; — ihhdm, ordain- 
ing, arrangement, institution. 

1*&A ahlcam, wiser, wisest ; p£*\ 
{^^^i\ ahlcam al-hdhimin, lord 
chief justice ; God. 

1+&A uhkuma-t, judges. 

&$+-\ ihldba-t, milk. 

JW ihldl, causing to stop, to halt ; 
permission. 

f&*\ ahldm, bodies ; also pi. of 
(J*- hilm, mildness, ^ hulm, 
dream, and p^ halim, mild, 
gentle. 

&«M uhlufa-t, oath. 

i^*^ ahla, f . halwd 1 , sweeter ; (m.) 
handsomer, better. 

J*M ihlil, pi. ahdlil, penis. 

f**\ ahamm, f. hammd', pi. humm, 
white, and, by opposition, black ; 
nearer related ; shaft of an 
arrow. 

Ua.\ ahmd\ pi. of (**■ ham, j***. hamu, 
father-in-law ; — ihmd\ anneal- 
ing, causing iron to glow ; — 
ahimmd', pi. of p *+ * hamim, q.v. 

<j*U*A ihmdx, roasting meat in a 
stove ; irritating. 

JUa.\ ahmdl, pi. of J**> haml, hind, 
hamal, q.v. 

fU».\ ihmdm, heating of water, 
heating. 

•u&.\ ahmad, more, most or very 

praiseworthy. 
j+o\ ahmar, f. hamrd\ red ; pi. 
ahdmir, red by nature; pi. humr, 
humrdn, painted red ; al-ahma- 
rdn, flesh and wine ; y*£»^\ *i>j*J\ 
al-mavt al-ahmar, violent death ; 
hamrd*, heat of mid-day ; — i 
ahmira-t, asses, pi. of jU*. himdr. 



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17 



U\ 



;V*^ ihmirdr, reddening, blush- 
ing (s.). 

<£j+*-* ahmaruy, red. 

y**A ahmaz, firmer, stronger. 

v~**-\ ahmas, f. hamsd', pi. hums, 
ahdmis, strong, firm ; perse- 
vering; hard; — al-ahdmis, ca- 
lamity. 

OK*^ ahmaq, f . hamqd', pi. humuq, 
himdq, hamqa, hamdqa, hwmdqa, 
stupid, foolish, dull, ignorant; 
(m.) easily provoked anger. 

foy*\ uhmuqa-t, very foolish, very 
stupid. 

(fc>^) ahin, a, grow angry ; hate 
(o^ *ala) ; — I ihna-t, pi. than, 
anger, inveterate grudge ; — 
ahinna-i, pi. of {$***> hanin, 
hinnin, q.v. 

\**\ ahnd, vulg. we; — ahnd', pi. of 
J**- hinw, q.v. 

tuo-1 ihndf, being ripe (corn) ; em- 
balming; death. 

*- * ■'* ^ ahnaf, f. hanfd\ having the 
feet turned inside ; — aUhanfd', 
sea- tortoise ; bow ; razor ; a kind 
of fish ; chameleon ; name of a 
celebrated mare. 

u*\j°^ ahwdd, cisterns, Ac, pi. of 
u*y* hand. 

J\j*A ahwdl, pi. of J^ hdl, state, 
Ac, and of J^» AauZ, year ; — 
ti\y>\ ahwdla-hu, all around him. 

*r>f>\ ahwab, sinner, criminal. 

&r>\ ahwaj, more in want of (<J^ 
tfa).' 

j^*-\ ahwar, f. haura, pi. #wr, with 
large eyes of intense white and 
black ; — 0jg*N j* 6 - hum- l-'uy tin, 

Eersons with beautiful eyes; 
ouris ; — prudence ; the planet 
Jupiter. 

)f-\ ahwaz, f . hauzd', also ^ ahwaziyy, 
active, acting prudently, always 
ready ; black. 

<j*f*\ ahwas, bold, brave ; wolf. 

iSf-^ ahwas, with one eye smaller 
than the other. 

J^\ ahwal, f. hauld', squint- 
eyed. 

flf»\ ihwildl, squinting. 



tj^ ahwa, f. hawwd', pi. huww f 
dark green, black ; ruddy-lipped ; 
— * ahwiya-t, tents, pi. of \+* 

(o^) ahha, ii. cough, see c^. 

<j^ ahayy, more alive. 

\#*\ ahyd\ pi. of <^ hayy, living, 
Ac, and of W hayd, parts of a 
woman; womb; — ihyd, bringing 
to life, recalling to life, saving 
the life ; refreshing, animating. 

t)W ahydn, times, epochs, pi. of 
&#*- hin. 

Je*^ ahyal, more cunning. 

**#^ ahyiya-t, wombs, pi. of W 
hayd*. 

fc\ a^, brother; — ah, ahhu, inter- 
jection of disgust ; — ah, ih, call 
for the camel to kneel down ; — 
ahh, ihh, dirt. 

^ ihd', brotherhood ; friendship. 

**^ tydba-t, fraud, deceit. 

j**^ ahdbir, informations, Ac, pi. 
of ;**- habar. 

Z*\*»\ abddi', pi. of £*»\ ahda', 
carotid. 

•*4*>^ ahddid, pi. of •y*! aAdt^, 
q.v. 

^>jW\ ahddir, curtains, Ac, pi. of 
j*± hidr, q.v. 

**U.\ aAaz, t&±\ ihdza-t, pi. tt£t*s, 
pond, fish-pond, horse- pond; 
handle ; land taken possession 
of ; feudal tenure. 

C&^ ahdrij, revenues, expenses, 
Ac, pi. of e^- harj, hurj, q.v. 

<jr\*»\ ahdsi, odds, pi. of *V~*. 

^ W ahddir, pi. of j*^ ahdar, green, 

Ac, q.v. 
<Jfe*^ ahdqiq, clefts, pi. of Ju* 4 ^ 

AW ihdla-t, imagination. 

VfllW\ ahdlif, complicated matters 

or things, pi. of &>jLa.\ uhluta-t. 
SjW ihdwa-t, brotherhood. 
CU^ ahdwi, ^U.\ ahdyd, pi. of ^\ 

ahya~t, q.v. 
j«W ahdyir, pi. of ^- 7<air, good, 

excellent. 
J*W\ ahdyil, pi. of J*s>\ aAyaZ, q.v. 

3 



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^\ 



\**»\ ifibd', extinguishing (a.) ; 

pitching a tent. 
j^\ ahbdr, information, &c, pi. of 
j*f- habar ; — ihbdr, giving news, 
giving information. 
^W*-\ ahbdriyy, chronicler, who 
hands down traditions. 

*±** * *\ ahbas, more or most impure ; 
— al-ahbasdn, urine and faeces ; 
sleeplessness ; foul breath. 
p*>\ ahbar, better or best informed ; 
more experienced. 

J**^ ahbal, mad, possessed (by a 
demon). 

&*t*A ahbiya~t, small tents of camel- 
hair, Ac, pi. of W^ hibd\ q.v. 

«*^ uht (for uhwa-t), pi. ahawdt, 
sister. 

W*^ ihtibd', concealment; hiding 

one's self. 
j\**dA ihtibdr, experience. 

H*&»\ ihtibdf, confusion ; strife. 

p\x&A iktitdm, completion, end, 
conclusion. 

0Uat\ ihtitdn, being circumcised. 

£\^\ i'htidd 1 , fraud, deceit. 

t^f^ ihtird', invention, discovery ; 
contrivance, artifice. 

\&*>\ ihtisd', fear. 

\*&>\ ihtisd, being gelded, cas- 
trated. 

jUa5-\ ihtisdr, abridgement, com- 
pendium. 

^Uas^ ihtisds, particular calling; 
distinction ; close attachment ; 
devoteduess. 

p\*s*\ ihtisdm, dispute, quarrel. 

s^VLaU ihtitdb, preaching, sermon ; 
betrothal. 

«_i\L*£.\ ihtifdf, carrying off, abduc- 
tion ; violence. 

Vtas^ Mifd\ concealing one's self ; 
absconding. 

%&»\ ibtild', retirement, seclusion. 

©)fi^ ihtildj, confusion, agitation, 
excitement; trembling. 

,j*te&\ ihtilds, snatching off, pick- 
pocketing. 

L)bk*\ ihtildt, mixture; confusion; 
commerce, intercourse. 

<Jb*\ ihtildf, discord; difference; 



18 W 

discrepancy ; resistance ; contra- 
diction. 

J!^ Mildly confusion, disorder; 

disturbance, tumult. 
JU&A ihtimdr, fermentation. 

jUx&A ihtindq, choking, suffoca- 
tion. 

\y&\ ihtiwd\ emptiness. 

{ J**\ uhtiyy, sisterly. 

j^sdA ifttiydr, choice, election ; free 
will ; aged ; — ^ ihtiydriyy, of 
free will, voluntary; with pre- 
meditation ; — £4 al-ihtiydriyya-t, 
the ancients, people of old. 

u*W*^ ihtiydd, dipping, diving. 

JLj^\ ihtiydl, walking with a proud 
step, strutting ; haughtiness. 

(jjLaU ihtiydn, treason, treachery. 

pte\ ahsam, with a flat nose ; with- 
out smell ; lion ; broad sword. 

t)W\ ahddn, friends, comrades, pi. 
of <$•*&* hidn. 

^>a±\ ahdab, big and stupid ; obsti- 
nate ; inflicting large wounds. 

)±&\ ahdar, dark, obscure ; — ^5 a#- 
dariyy, wild ass. 

gj*^ ahda 1 , more or most deceitful, 
crafty, cunning ; more concealed ; 
pi. ahddi'y carotid. 

$Jk*A ahidda-t, pi. of *± kadd> track, 
Ac, q.v. 

«yid.\ uhdud, pi. ahddid, furrow; 
mark of a blow; (m.) a heavy 
blow. 

(X±\) ahaz, tj, inf. ahz, ta'hdz, receive, 
accept, take, seize ; derive (gram- 
matically) ; hear or learn from 
(^ mitt) ; yield to remonstrances 
(s-» bi) ; come suddenly upon, 
surprise ; punish ; begin, set 
out; lead to (a road) ; — ahiz, 
inf. ahaz, suffer from indiges- 
tion ; become furious (camel) ; 
water (eyes); — ahuz, inf. uMza-t, 
turn sour (milk) ; — 11. inf. ta'hiz, 
seize, take ; cause milk to turn 
sour; — in. inf. mu'dhaza-t, 
chastise, punish; — viii. inf. 
it'ihdz, choose for one's self and 
take possession of ; associate 
with; prepare for one's use 



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u\ 



19 



W 



(food; ; come to close quarters ; 
— x. inf. isti'hdz, take possess- 
sion of ; drop one's head ; sub- 
mit to the will of God. 

W ahz 9 taking, <j**»j ^\ ahz wa 
qabd, receivings, revenue ; **\ 
*-*}*"} a h? wa nwisraf, revenue 
and expenditure ; punishment ; 
custom, habit ; — ihz, mark made 
by branding (for an amulet) ; — 
ahiz, with watering eyes, blear- 
eyed ; — uhuz, watering of the 
eyes, being blear-eyed ; pi. of 
8»>U.\ ihdza4, pond, &c. ; — * 
uhza-t, stratagem ; love-charm, 
elixir, amulet ; — dfyiza-t, torpor, 
torpidity. 

(/»\) uhur, end, what is last ; — 
uhur-an, min uhur-in, behind, 
from behind ; lastly ; — dhar> f . 
uhrd\ uhrdt (l\^\), pi. uhar, 
vuig. aharin, afrdra, other, an- 
other, second; — sjtf^) ty tdrat- 
an wa uhra, at one time and 
another; al-uhra, life eternal; 
pi. uhar, uhraydt, last parts, 
last rows; — dhir, f. 3, last, re- 
motest ; absent ; concealed ; pi. 
f»\)\ awdhir, end, termination 
(gram.) ; iy±\ ^\ ila d^iri-hi, 
abbreviated g\ , to the end, and 
so on, &c. ; aLdfiira-t, the 
future life ; day of judgment ; — 
aftfrar, ii. inf. ta y f}ir, cause a 
delay ; also v. inf. ta'ahbur 
and x. inf. isti'fcdr, remain be- 
hind, delay, come last ; — in. 
inf. mu'dhara-t, delay, postpone, 
adjourn. 

s^ty**' ihrdb, destruction, ruin. 

S\y»\ i^rdd, bashful silence. 

$y.\ ifcrdj, producing, drawing 
forth, bringing out ; sally. 

s ^a.\ ahrab, f. burba", more devas- 
tated ; pierced (ear) ; — S ahri- 
ba-t, ruins, pi. of *r>\fL fiardb. 

tjt\ ahraj, f. hurjd\ black and 
white; — a ahrija-t, pi. of g/> 
harj, q.v. 

(j-/^ ahras, f. bar$&\ pi. hurs, hnr- 
$dn, dumb ; soundless, noiseless, 



echoless ; aUharsd, misfortune ; 
cloud without thunder and 
lightning. 

2*jl.\ ahrisa-t, pi. of u^V- hardi, 
mark (by branding) oi a camel. 

&ij±\ ahrifa-t, sheep, pi. of Ujjj*. 
huruf. 

£j±\ ahraq, f . harqd\ pi. fcurq, awk- 
ward, stupid; f. violent wind, 
plain exposed to the wind. 

<j*UyU ihrimmds, silence, see cr**;*- 
harmas, u^/* harmas. 

(J**/A ihrimbaq, «3**yM ifrrimfaq, 
see <3*/* harbaq. 

^Syf-\ uhrawiyy, referring to the 
future life. 

i£/±\ dhiriyy, ihiriyy, uhriyy, last ; 
— uhra, f . of y^\ dhar, another. 

*ysA ahzam, male snake. 

bys»\ ahizza-t, hares, pi. of )y± hazaz. 

[j~&\ ahass, viler, vilest; meaner, 
meanest, comp. of (^ t^* hosts. 

y~±\ af^sar, who loses or spends 
much. 

s*&*^ ahs'ab, f. hasbd\ hard, rough 
to the touch ; severe. 

(jj-A&.\ ahsan, f. hasnd', pi. huin, 
buiun, hard, rough, rude ; diffi- 
cult of approach or attack; 
lean. 

te*s»\ ahis'fa-t, pi. of v>l£*. hatdi, 
wooden ring for the nose of a 
camel. 

^5-a-U afysa, more or most timid; 
a dangerous place. 

yoU ahass, more particular, more 
private, corap. of yOd-a*- hasis. 

l$*&\ ahsun, small axes, pi. of ^tH*- 
basin. 

yi*A ahdar, f. hadrd\ pi. hu4r, 
green ; of dark colour, grey, 
black; (m.) fresh, vigorous; 
palm-tree; aUafidar, the dark 
night; f. sky; crowd of men, 
army ; — pi. al-ahddir, gold, 
wine and flesh (meat). 

£**A afyda 6 , more, most or very sub- 
missive. 

Uu&\ ahdaf, a kind of snake. 

\UA ihtd\ erring, committing a 
fault. 



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u\ 



20 



JXa\ ahfdr, pi. of ^ hafar, danger, 
risk, and of ^ hi$ r , large troop 
of camels; — ih\dr y remind, 
causing to recollect. 

LU*.\ afoot, lines, strokes, Ac, pi. 
of 1*. hatf. 

w^o&\ afytdb, of dirt colour ; striped ; 
tattooed. 

«-*W afrtqft with a slender waist. 

JW ahfal, f. kofld', pi. #ttfttZ, with 
flabby ears, breasts; vulgar 
talker; J!*4\ $\ abu-'l-ahfal, 
horse, mule. 

f+^\ afytam, with a long nose, 
trunk, beak. 

U*.\ ihfd\ hiding, concealing, sup- 
pressing. 

j\fc.\ ikfdr, protection, escort. 

*^Us^ ahfdf, pi. of U*. huff, hoof 
of the camel ; foot of the 
ostrich. 

v jUa.\ ihfdq, failure ; distress. 

ij&»\ ahfat, day-blind. 

&tJ*-\ afcfiya-t, coverings, veils, hid- 
den things, pi. of ^ hifd\ 

v jVttt\ ahqdq, clefts, rents in the 
ground, pi. of <J^ haqq. 

jj&U ufiquq, <j*te\ ihqiq> pi. ahdqiq, 
cleft, rent in the ground. 

J^\ ahaU f poorer, very poor; — S 
afiilla-t, pi. of &*» hilla-b, scab- 
bard, and of JJU #tZaZ, tooth- 
pick, <fcc, q.v. 

liM a#Za', pi. of y* £#10, q.v. ; — 
ahilld\ friends, pi. of J-*l*> 

%»»W afrldb, claws, pi. of s~l*» 
bifo. ' ■ 

^%l\ ihld§, candour, sincerity, pro- 
bity, true friendship; correc- 
tion; emendation. 

UW afrldf, mixtures, humours, <fcc, 
pi. of U*. iUt. 

U$*\ afrldf, a breach of contract, 
&c, pi. of U*U hulf. 

!3^\ aA/^, qualities, manners, &c, 
pi. of <3^ #Wg ; — ifrldq, being 
worn out; shame. 

JU\ ahldl, friends, pi. of J* #i7Z. 

gM ahlaj, rope. 



<^W a$fos, more or most sincere ; 
purer, purest. 

U&±\ ahlaf, left-handed; walking 
with difficulty ; stupid ; squint- 
eyed ; more deceitful ; stream ; 
snake. 

tj£*\ ahlaq, even, smooth; poor, 
fitter, worthier (comp. of <&}*- 
fraliq). 

&JLa.\ uhluta~t, pi. ahdlif, complica- 
tion, anything complicated. 

\*W ahliyd, pi. of \J± haliyy, 
empty, free, <fcc, q.v. 

gaW ifrlyj, fine, swift horse; rhu- 
barb. 

^Wa^ ahmti8 y fifth parts, pi. of 
(j~*a. Aunt*. 

S^ttl ahmira-t, veils, head-gears, pi. 
of jU*. himwr. 

\~~*t»\ afrrnisd', fifth parts, pi. of 
<j~***- ham%8. 

^+&\ ahmas, pi. ahdmis, middle of 
the sole ; foot ; waist ; with a 
slim waist. 

(^ abann, pi. ^ £wm&, who 
speaks through the nose. 

i/to^ ahnas, flat-nosed; al-ahnas, 
lion ; — f . aUhansd, wild cow. 

<jju.\ afyinna, striped material; 
coarse linen. 

ys»\ afyw, aM, pi. ahun, ahd\ dhd\ 

• ahtva-t, ifcwa-t, uhwa-t, uhuww, 
uhuwwa-t, ihwdn, uhwdn, bro- 
ther ; companion ; the like of ; 
«t>j*J\ f\ ahu-'l-maut, sleep; 
ja^M yM abu-'Lhair, evil ; — 8 
uhuurwa-t, brotherhood. 

(j*\) U-\ ahd, u, (1 pret. ahau-tu, 
ahai-tu) inf. uhuwwa-t, be bro- 
ther or as a brother ; — in. tM', 
ifldwa~t, mudhdt, become one's 
brother ; fraternise, make 
friends with (ace.) ; be fit 
for (J li) ; v. prove one's 
self a brother to, fit for ; vi. 
establish brotherhood between 
one another. 

*Ay&\ afyawdt, sisters, pi. of u^ 
ufrt. 

JV"^ &h w dl> pl« °f J^ h&h mater* 
nal uncle* 



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21 



s^ 



oV^ <*>hwdn, brothers, pi. of f»\ 
ahu ; — ihwdn, table, tray. 

*&>j*>\ ahwat, (in.) pi. ^utdn, hut, 
stupid; mad. 

jfA ahur, stable; )tf»\ }#• mir 
ahur, equerry, master of the 
horse. 

«Jj*>\ dhwaf, more, most, very 
timorous. 

&p\ ahwila-t, pi. of J^ hdl, ma- 
ternal uncle. 

toy 6 ^ ahwina-t, tables, trays, pi. of 
fc>V" kiwdn, huwdn. 

i3f»\ afyiwiyy, brotherly ; — 8 uhu- 
wiyya4, fraternity, congrega- 
tion. 

^\ ahha, it. make a noose ; — S 
ahiyyat, pi. ahdwi, ahdyd, peg 
or line to tie up a horse. 

jKtiA ahydr, pi. of ^ hair, good. 

jSAeA.\ afyyds, pi. of <j***- haU, can- 
vas. 

U>\&\ ahydf, people of different 
lineage ; of the same mother, 
but another father. 

Jle*.\ a^ydl, horses, pi. of J<A kail. 

s-^ ahyab, wrong (way). 

±&A ahiz, prisoner! 

j*l\ ahyar, better, best; — (*&ir f 
last! 

tjj<A-\ uhaira, never, dim. of ysA 
dhar. 

u ~*t»\ afryas, numerous. 

c-A^ ahyaf, pi. J^uf, hif, f. fcaifd, 
having one eye black, the other 
blue ; — haifd', a composition in 
which all the letters of each 
alternate word are pointed, the 
other words being without 
points. 

Je*^ ahyal, with moles on the 
face ; pi. afrdyil, white falcon ; 
vain, haughty ; haughtiness ; pi. 
ftQ, a bird of evil omen ; — 8 
ahyila-t, fancies, ideas, <&c, pi. 
of JW*> haydl, q.v. 

J\ ad=±t yad, hand* 

(«rt) add, a, i, u, inf. add, roar 
(camel) ; fondle (she camel) ; 
offer, present j rove ; come upon 



suddenly ; — v. inf. ta'addud, 
become violent, get worse. 

*y\ add, idd, pi. iddd, 8 idda-t, pi. 
idad, power, victory ; calamity ; 
— udd, power, victory. 

\*\ add, paying, requital ; fulfilling 
a duty ; manner, tone ; — 8 addt, 
pi. adawdt, tool, utensil ; particle 
(gram.) 

s-»^ dddb, civilities, &c, pi. of s-»*^ 
adab. 

ji\*\ uddbir, who turns away and 
will not listen. 

*>W\ addd, power, victory ; — iddd, 
pi. of *\ add, see above. 

j\<>\ addr, March ; — 8 iddra-t, re- 
volving (a. and n.) ; circuit of a 
magistrate, &c. ; administration ; 
prefecture; district. 

u\S\ uddf, penis ; ear. 

&\S\ iddla-t, victory. 

p\S\ addm, reconcilement; — iddm, 
pi. udum, dddm, ddima-t, by- 
dish, as vegetables, &c. ; leader ; 
consenting ; — dddm, pi. of ^\ 
adim, skii; — adddm, manufac- 
turer of leather ; — 8 iddma-t 9 
perseverance ; remaining, stay- 
ing. 

q\*\ addn-in, pi. of ^t daniyy, 
low, etc. 

(y>*\) adab, i, prepare a banquet, 
invite to a meal ; wonder ; — 
adab, inf. adab, be well educated 
and of refined manners ; — n. 
inf. ta'dib, educate ; correct, 
chastise ; — iv. inf. iddb, make 
justice prevail in a country; 
invite to a meal ; — v. inf. 
ta'addub and x. inf. isti'ddb, 
receive education, be refined. 

s->^ adab, pi. dddb, refined man* 
ners; politeness; literary per- 
suits ; liberal education ; — aU 
dddb, literature ; — 8 udba-t, en- 
tertainment ; wonderful things* 

^*>\ udabd, pi. of s^j\ adib, well 
bred, &c, q.v. 

v>V?o\ adbdb, pi. of v»*> dabb, bear. 

k+\ adbdr, the last or hindmost 



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Google 



Vr»>\ 



22 



Jo\ 



parts or persons ; backs ; — 
idbdr, turning one's back; ad- 
versity ; — iddibdr, retreat. 

C»*rt adbahy worthless things. 

ttte^ adab-hancL-h, water-closet. 

{j4*\ adbas, dark red, brown. 

^^ adabiyy, polite, well-educated ; 
^^\ ^U3\ al'Hlm aLadabiyy, 
morals, moral philosophy ; — 8 
adabiyya-t, pi. adabiyydt, litera- 
ture, pi. what promotes civilisa- 
tion and refinement, accomplish- 
ments. 

/*>\ adsar, lazy, negligent. 

y+S\ adjan, f. dajnd', of a deep 
black; cloudy. 

^•*y\ udhiyy,idhiyy, 8 udhiyya-t, 
iy*S\ udhuwwa-t, ostrich nest. 

JU-j\ idhdl, introducing; causing 
to enter ; enclosing. 

/»S\ id/fir, rush (plant). 

J*»*>\ adhal, entering more deeply 
into ; more familiar. 

^.j\ adhan, f. dahnd', of the colour 
of smoke ; — 8 adhina-t, fumes 
of smoke, &c, pi. of 0^0 duhdn, 
dahhdn. 

*y<*\ idad, powers, victories, pi. of 8*>\ 
idda-t. 

(j*\) adir, a, inp. adar, be afflicted 
with a rupture. 

jS\ a'dar, pi. udr, f. adrd\ afflicted 
with a rupture ; — udur, majesty ; 
— adarr, f. \>*> darrd', yielding 
abundant milk ; — 8 adara-t, 
vdrob't, rupture. 

$\jS\ idrdj, march ; folding ; inser- 
tion. 

fyjS\ idrdra-t, pi. -at, wages, military 
pay. 

£\jS\ iddird\ putting on a coat of 
mail. 

d\j*>\ idrdh, comprehension ; intel- 
ligence ; genius. 

8+jS\ vdrwjja-t, ladder, stairs ; step, 

degree* 
*ja\ adrad, toothless. 
£)S\ adru 1 , coat of mail, &c, pi. of 

£)* dir\ q.v. 
fyA adram, f . darmd,' pi. du#m } 



uniform ; fleshy, well rounded ; 
toothless ; big-headed ; f . darmd', 
hare. 

&^ adrana-ty Adrian ople. 

Q2*\ idrauriy manger ; stable ; 
dwelling ; home ; origin. 

{j^i^\ idris, Enoch (prophet) ; $\ 
(j~>)^\ abil idris, penis. 

<j~ *A adsaq, with a large mouth. 

p~ *A adsam, pi. dmm, dus'tim, very 
fat ; dark grey ; mean. 

\&S\ iddi'd', claim, pretension ; 
arrogance ; law- suit ; inviting, 
calling to. 

s-***>V ad'ab, stupid. 

0*S\ ad'aj, f . da'jd', pi. du'j, black ; 
with large black eyes ; dark ; — 
f. da'jd\ moonless nights ; last 
day of the lunar month ; raving ; 
hill. 

V*cj\ ad'iyd, pi. of ^co da'iyy, q.v. 

£*cj\ ad'iya-t, calls, prayers, <fcc, 
pi. of ^*> du'd', q.v. ; — udHyya-t 
and 8y*j\ ud'uwwa-t, dark ques- 
tion of dispute ; riddle. 

^\hS\ adgdl, faults, defects, <fec, pi. 
of J**> dagal ; — idgdl, fraud, 
deceit. 

p\kc\ idgdm, contraction, assimila- 
tion of letters by tasdid. 

U*>\ a dfd\ pi. of <-**> dif, heat, <fcc., 

v3*>\ adaqq, thinner, more delicate, 
more accurate, comp. of <j-Jk> 
daqiq ; — 8 adiqqa-t, pi. of <J***> 
daqiq, thin, &c, q.v. 

JS\ adqa, violent hunger. 

(Ja\) adal, 1, heal (' .), also 11. ; — 
a, shake the milk in the leather 
pipe for buttering; drag along 
under a burden. 

Jo\ idly sore throat ; sour milk ; 
object of litigation ; — adl-in, 
buckets, &c., pi. of }* dalw ; — 8 
adilla-t, pi. of JJ*> dalil, proof, 
&c. 

J*rt adittd', pi. of JJ ^ dalily guide. 

JJo\ idldl) arrogance; wanton- 
ness. 

goM adlas, hairless ; growing fresh 
hair. 



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Jd 



23 



<j*\ 



fiJ\ adlam, black; dark brown, f. 
ad-dalmd\ last night of the luuar 
moon. 

<J4\ adli, buckets, Ac, pi. of ^ 
dalw. 

(p*\) adam, u, i, inf. adm, unite 
two things, join together, recon- 
cile ; give a by-dish with bread ; 
lead ; — adim, a, inp. adam, 
also adum, inp. uddma-t, be 
reddish, brownish, blackish; — 
iv. reconcile; give a by-dish 
with bread ; turn the inside of 
the skin outside; — vin. eat a 
by-dish with bread ; be full of 
sap. 

p>\ adam, human skin; leathern 
pipe ; date ; tomb ; pi. of ^4*>\ 
adim, earth ; — adm, concord, 
union ; — udm, skin ; leader ; 
example for imitation ; (m.) 
ration ; — udum, pi. of ^\ adim, 
q.v., and p\ A adam, by-dish ; — 
adam, pi. udm, udmdn, f. admd\ 
adam, pi. awddim, reddish ; of the 
colour of human flesh ; browned ; 
white (camel) ; Adam ; f o\ j** 
banu (bam) adam, mankind ; — 
5 adma-t, adama-t, leader; — 
udma-t, reddishness ; whitish 
colour of the (camel) skin; 
conjunction ; — udma-t, adama-t, 
relationship. 

q\*j\ idmdn, exercise ; experience ; 
perse vera nee; — udmdn, white, 
pi. of. pA adam. 

&**>& admiya-t, brains, pi. of £to 
dimii ■;. 

v*f*A idnius, dark. 

«j*»>\ adamiyy, man ; human ; — S 
adamiyya-t, humanity ; polite- 
ness. 

\l*A adnd, nearer ; viler, meaner ; — 
adnCC, pi. of ^J* dant, vile, 
worthless, Ac. 

q\*>j\ adhdn, pi. of ^*> dahn, fat, 
&c. 

j*S\ adhur, ages, Ac, pi. of ^ 
dahr. 

u-aA adha8, f. dahsd, pi. dvhs, of 
rust-colour; soft, gentle. 



j»**rt adliam, black, blackish (horse); 
dark yreen ; old, and, by opposi- 
tion, fresh ; — f . dahmd', pot, 
kettle ; what appears black in 
the distance (crowd of people) ; 
— pi. duhm, the moonless nights. 

2*to*A adhiya-t, pi. of ^*> dahiyy, 
sly, cunning. 

(y>\) addyTJ, assist; — inp.^ aduww, 
ripen ; — inp. adw, waylay ; de- 
ceive ; provide with, fit out ; — 
vi. inp. ta'ddi, provide one's self 
with ; — iv. inp. idd., and x. inp. 
X8tVdd\ see (<^). 

\v& adwd 1 , illness, pi. of \*> da'. 

y^\ adwdr, ' houses, &c, pi. of jto 
ddr, and revolutions, Ac, pi. of 
j)*> daur. 

s-*;^ ad'ub, pi. of s^ J da'b, custom, 
habit. 

j)j\ acTur, adurur, Sj^t adwira-t, 
houses, Ac, pi. of /*> ddr. 

*P*>\ adwam, more or most durable. 

H)^ adwiya-t, medicines, pi. of \y> 
dawd\ 

(^^) ada, i, inp. udiyy, coagulate 
(milk) ; be many, abundant ; — 
inp. ady, lay snares for ; waylay ; 

— ii. inp. tddiya-t, cause to 
reach a place, bring to ; pay a 
person ; — iv. inp. idd\ assist ; 
be strong, powerful; be nume- 
rous and well off (people) ; grow 
too much or many ; prepare for ; 
— v. inp. ta'addi, pay one's debts; 

— x. inp. isti'dd', ask for help ; 
take one's fortune by force ; — 
vi. see (y&). 

^\ dda, better paying ; conscien- 
tious ; — adiyy, equipment, out- 
fit ; preparation ; — idan, vessel, 
leather bag ; nimble, agile. 

0^*rt ady an, beliefs, Ac, pi. of ^J 
din. 

s->*rt adib, pi. udabd', of polite 
manners, well bred ; literary, 
learned, scholar ; teacher, tutor. 

J**** adid, hard to bear, violent ; — 
idid, shouting, scream ; roar. 

(**\ adim, entire ; brightness of 
the day ; time before midday ; 



Digitized by 



Google 



<Jd\ 



tf« 



origin; authority ;— pi. odam, 
earth ; — pi. udum, what can be 
seen from heaven and earth ; 
pi. udum, dddm, ddima-t, 
skin of the face; skin of an 
animal. 

<0**>t adyan, more pious, more re- 
ligions. 

•H **, behold ! when; as; since; if; 
^ wmd, when, at the time 
when; si)Ui\ , <*JU\ uzavt, at 
that time, then ; — i\ tz-tw, 
then; affixed, as: ±&~£ yau- 
mfz-in, on that day ; A&x^ 
hinai'z-in, .teij waqtai'z-in, at 
that time ; — az-m, see ^^ . 

(«M) a??, inf. azz, cut. 

U\ wd, behold ! when (in the sense 
of future), followed by the pret.; 
*• W izd md, when, as soon 
as; — izan, well then! in this 
case then; — 8 azdt, injury, 
damage; evil; pain. 

8*\*\ izdba-t, melting. 

/>W azdhir, rushes, pi. of izfiir. 

W 3\ izd'a-t, publication. 

q\*\ dzdn, ears, pi. of q&\ uzn. 

<j*M azdniyy, long-eared. 

v*^ azabb, wild bull ; — 8 azibba-t, 
flies, pi. of v»W^ ?wSa&. 

v>^ azfcaZ, f. *a£Za', thirsty, with 
dry lips. 

(5^) afa;, drink much wine. 

j*^\ uAiV, pi. azdfyir, a fragrant 
kind of rush. 

$)& azra', cross born from a free- 
man and a slave ; eloquent ; 
quick, swift ; — azvtf, pi. of gy 
zird\ 

ly>\ azirra-t, powders, pi. of ^ 
zartir. 

t\*S\ az'dj, worry iDg, teazing, 
urging,. 

q\*S\ az'dn, obedience, submission. 

^S\ azfar, strongly scented; — f. 
az-zafrd*, wild rue. 

y*A\ azqan, f. zaqnd 9 , pi. ^ 
zuqn, having a long or hanging 
chin. 

j&\ azkar, more pointed, sharper. 



o**>} azka, more acute ; more saga- 
cious ; more vivid. 

W*^ azlciyd, pi. zahi, acute ; sharp ; 
ingenious. 

(J**V dzal, i, inf. azl, lie. 

*«M azilld', pi. of JJJ zaZiZ, abject, 
mean, vile. 

(s-**J«M) izla'alb, hasten away. 

v3*«M azlaq, f. zalqd', sharp ; ready 
of speech. 

ij^\ izlaula, depart, go away, in. 
of (JJ). 

p«tt azamm, more or most blame- 
worthy ; — 8 azimma-t, duties, 
&c, pi. of ^Ui zimdm. 

(&#) azarc, inf. azarc, listen to (J U 
and J\ ila); get appetite for 
(ace.) ; — inf. azn, strike on the 
ear, box the ears ; (pass.) suffer 
from ear-ache ; — inf. dzdn and 
azzdn, announce, especially the 
time for prayer ; — azin, listen 
to ; — inf. izn, azan, azdn, azdna-t, 
know ; — inf. izn, azin, commu- 
nicate, impart ; n. impart, com- 
municate frequently; rubb the 
ears; prevent from drinking or 
from entering ; be door-keeper ; 
call out the hour of prayer ; — iv. 
inform of (s^ bi) ; astonish ; pre- 
vent ; box the ears ; call out the 
hour for prayer ; begin to fade ; 
— v. swear, take an oath ; make 
known ; shout at threateningly ; 
venture ; — x. ask for permission 

<2*M izn, permission ; leave ; fare- 
well ; adieu ; furlough ; — uzn, 
uzun, pi. dzdn, ear, handle ; — 8 
azana-t, cotyledon. 

v»^ azndb, tails, &c, pi. of v^«i 
zanab. 

q\a>4\ azhdn, intellects, pi. of ^3 
zihn. 

J*»«tt azhal, more distracted. 

v>j*^ azub, wolves, pi. of s-£* 
zi' b. 

ty\ aziiz, cutting, sharp. 

ty\ azwa-t, with a short chin. 

(<^) azi, a, inf. <^S\ izan, azd' 
suffer a damage, an injury ; — 
— Ii. iv. injure, damage ; — v.=i, 



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Google 



\jti 



25 



**V 



\ 



<j3\ dzi (S\ dz-in), hurtful ; offen- 
sive; — azan, also 8 azziyya-t, 
injury, damage; — dziyy, wave, 
billow. 

J\i«M azydl, trains of garments, Ac, 
pi. of jii zail. 

s-<«tt azyab, mass of water ; terror ; 
swiftness. 

(^»^ azin, call to prayer; caller, 
Muazzin ; prince ; bail ; know- 
ledge ; ear ; — uzain, little ear. 

($) arr, v, inf. arr, drive ; drive 
away ; throw away ; have con- 
nexion with a woman (ace.) ; 
kindle; — iv. inf. i'rdr, cause 
to grow lean, thin ; — viii. inf. 
U'irdr, hasten. 

$ dr, shame, disgrace ; — 8 ira-t, 
pi. irun, fire ; hearth, chimney ; 
provisions of roast meat ; — 
dra-t, chimney, stove ; difficulty 
in pronouncing the letter j . 

\jl ard\ drd\ opinions, Ac, pi. of 
J) ra'y. 

v>V drdb, pi. of v^ irb, member, 
and of £*J\ irba-t, urba-t, need ; — 
5 irdba-t, prudence. 

±>\)\ irds, tinder ; fire. 

cV arrdj, intriguer. 

J*V ardjil, J*>\>\ ardjil, hunters, 
pi. of J*^ rajil, J*^ rdjil. 

&f*-ty ardjih, deserts ; pi. of ^ftj\ 
arjiiha-t, swing, rocking- board. 

y#*ty ardjiz, poems in the metre 
rajaz, pi. of Sj^ arjiiza-t. 

«-A**\^ ardjif, false rumours, scan- 
dals, pi. of i-*W;\ irjdf. 

W^ irdha-t, resting, reposing; 
granting ; alleviating ; refresh- 
ing. 

&*±\)\ ardhina-t, archons, chiefs, pi. 
of ($y*»)\ arhon. 

^\)\ ardhi, veils, curtains, pi. of 
£#s»)\ iirhiyya-t. 

l*>\)\ irdda-tl will, intention, desire, 
decree ; high - priest of the 
Druses. 

iS*ty irddiyy, who acts according 
to his own will. 

J«*y ardzil, rabble, pi. of J^ 
arzali 



<j*j\fi ardris, S ardri8a-t, peasants 
countrymen, pi. of u~>^ arts. 

{J>\)\ drdd, ^y arddi, lands, Ac, 
pi. of \j*j\ ard. 

J**^ ard'il, herds, troops, etc., pL 
of &cj ra'la-t. 

i$*bj\ ardgin, organs, pi. of (^j\ 
argun. 

(**\j\ ardqim, poisonous snakes, pL 
of p$j\ arqam. 

te\\ irdqa-t, pouring out. 

d\j\ ardk, a thorny tree; its ber- 
ries ; bitter herb ; field. 

(2*Sty ardkin, props, supports, Ac, 
pi. of (^ rukn. 

f>\j\ dram, stones to indicate the 
road in the desert, Ac., pi. of rf 
iram ; — ar'dm, drdm, gazelles, 
pi. of f%?) ri f m ; — ardm, crown 
of the head. 

J*ty ardmil, pi. of J*^ armal, 
widowed; poor. 

(£*\>^ ardmin, 2 ardmina-t, Arme- 
nians, pi. of &»)\ arman. 

0)\)\ irdn, hearse ; pi. urun, lair 
of a wild animal ; sword ; — 
ardn-in, and 

*-r^\)\ ardniby hares, pi. of s-**^ 
arnab. 

^\j\ ardmyy, mountain-goats, pi. 
of k)j\ urvriyya-t. 

ij\)\ ar'a, fitter, more appropriate. 

*d*\j\ ardyik, pi. of *s\i)\ arik, divan 
for a bride, throne. 

(v>^) arab, i, make tight (a knot) ; 
strike on a member of the body ; 

— arib, a, need ; be poor and 
needy ; have flaccid members ; 
be out of order (stomach) ; be 
bad and hard (times) ; be 
strongly attached ; be versed in 
(sr> bi) ; — arub, be wise, pru- 
dent ; — ii. inf. ta'rib, make 
fast, tight ; sharpen ; increase 
and perfect ; — iv. inf. frtib, 
overcome, conquer; — v. inf. 
ta'arrub, raise difficulties; take 
affected airs ; affect slyness. 

s^ arab, need ; — arb, fore-finger ; 

— arib, prudent, sly ; — irb, cun- 

4 



Digitized by 



Google 



v>* 



26 



*>j\ 



ning; malice; pi. drab, ar'db, 
limb, member; need; aim; 
piece ; — urb, misfortune, reli- 
gious scruple;— i irba-t, mis- 
fortune; cunning; also urba-t, 
chain, necklace ; pi. drdb, neces- 
saries, need ; — urba-t, pi. urdb, 
strong knot ; — aribba-t, allies, 
pi. of v»^; ribdb. 

ty arbd\ pi. of y ; rabw, troop ; — 
wrw&fca, Europe. 

v»V <w6$>, masters, lords, &c, pi. 
of v*j ratt. 

tty arbd', pi. of $> rab\ rub', 
ruba', rubu 1 , q.v. 

oV^ ttr&aw, pledges, pi. of ^ 

^ arfcaf , childless ; — arbuf, pi. of 
kVj) WJaf , q.v. 

2*^ ar&a', f., 3 arba'a-t, m., four; 
£*;3\ «t>\^»S zatwft aUarba 1 , quadru- 
peds ; — arbu', vernal habitations, 
&c, pi. of g>) rob 1 ; — larbi'a-t, 
spring- seasons, pi. of £**; rab%\ 

^ arfci'a', arba l d\ arbu'd', pi. 
«a>\ U* ; \ arbi'd'dt, Wednesday ; — 
arbi'd', springs, pi. of £**; rabi'-, 
— arbu'd', pillars, columns. 

ty**^ arbu'dwd', temple with 
columns. 

J»^ arbal, Arbela; flourishing 
again. 

fjtj^ arba, more numerous, more. 

«a>)\ aratt, f. ruttd', pi. rt*#, stam- 
merer ; chatterer ; — 8 urta-t, 
crest of the chameleon. 

g\J ; \ aWd', crowd. 

L\<3)\ irtibdf, ligament, connexion; 
tie ; friendship. 

cW^ irtijdj, trembling. 

£W^ irtijd 1 , return; recollection; 
conversion. 

J \if)\ irtijcU, improvisation ; — irti- 
jdl-an, ex tempore ; inconsider- 
ately. 

JWj\ irtihdl, departure, emigra- 
tion. 

\&j\ irtihd\ relaxation. 

S\SSj\ irtiddd (^ 'an), apostacy ; 
(<J\ ila), return, conversion. 



f\~5}\ irtisdm, being marked ; con- 
secration of a priest. 

\&)\ irtite', corruption, bribery. 

^Sj\ irtidd\ contentment ; consent ; 
approval. 

tefirti'd,', pasturing (s.). 

s^*^ irti'db, being frightened, 
alarmed. 

*\*5)\ irti'dd, trembling, being 
frightened. 

v>^\ irti'dj, trepidation. 

v>^*>^ irtigdb, desire, longing. 

gU^\ irtifd', pi. %s>\, elevation, exal- 
tation, high dignity ; removing ; 
disappearance ; apogee ; yield 
of crops. 

sji^Sj\ irtifdq, supporting one's self ; 
leaning against. 

V»^ irtiqd', ascension, promotion; 
increase. 

syMs^ irtiqdb, observation from a 
watch-tower. 

s^^^ irtiJcdb, committing a sin ; 
undertaking ; riding on horse- 
back. 

{J>\&)\ irtikdd, movement of a child 
in the womb ; agony ; anxiety. 

p\&)\ irtikdm, accumulation. 

v*^^ irtihdb, fear, terror. 

tV«y^ irtihdf, assembly. 

<*j\&j\ irtihdf, (m.) friendly recep- 
tion. 

*s3^ irtihdJc, weakness of limbs. 

q\W)\ irtihdn, mortgaging, pawning; 
seizure. 

W^ irtiyd', consideration, taking 
of thought. 

s^V^ irtiydb, doubt, hesitation, un- 
certainty. 

t\t?£ irtiydh, rest; repose; viva- 
city ; cheerfulness ; zeal ; endea- 
vour ; mercy of God. 

u*W^ irtiydd, training, dressing 
(an animal) ; exercise. 

gW*^ irtiyd', fear, fright. 

(&>j\) aras, inf. ars, kindle ; — n. 
the same ; sow discord ; — v. 
being kindled. 

<&>j\ irs (for «^ wirs), inheritance; 
ashes, remains ; old custom ; 

groot; — urs, thorn; — arass, 



Digitized by 



Googl 



. 



+fi 



27 



it 



worn out, tattered; — S ursa-t, 
pi. uras, red soil ; tinder ; boun- 
dary. 

(e*0\) irsa'ann, fall plentifully 
(rain) ; fall down in abundance 
(hair) ; be weak. 
*"f)\ ursuma-t, soil, ground, terri- 
tory. 
<Jj\ arsa, untiring, indefatigable, 

unremitting. 
(5^) araj, inf. arj, sow discord ; — 
inf. arjan, the same ; spread 
calumnies ; — arij, a, inf. araj, 
arij, arija-t, be fragrant; — 11. 
sow discord; spread strong 
scents, perfume, fumigate, in- 
cense ; — 3 arja-t, scent, per- 
fume. 
Wj\ arjd\ sides, &c, pi. of W) 

raj -an. 
«-*W^ fijdf, disturbance, alarm ; pi. 

ardjif, alarming rumours. 
&W)\ arajdn, disturbance ; — arjan, 

wild almond tree. 
C*^ arjah, more probable, comp. of 

C*\) rdjih. 
(&+*-$) irjahann, swing up and 

down (balance). 
**+j\ arji'a-t, pi. of gWj rijd', halter 

of a camel. 
s)+)\ arjal, more manly ; with large 
feet ; stony (road) ; — 8 arjila-t, 
pedestrians, &c, pi. of J^j 
rajil. 
ylfrfl arjawdn, urjuwdn (Pers.), 
purple ; a shrub with red blos- 
soms ; — arjawdniyy, purple 
(colour). 
*+}*$ arjtija-t, urjuja-t, and 
^ftj\ arjuha-t, urjdha~t, pi. ardjifc, 

swing, hammock. 
l)y*)\ arjdza-t, poem in the metre 
y*j rajaz (six times qI*Aa~* mus- 
taf'ilun). 
tjy\ arja, from whom is more to 
be hoped for ; — 8 urjiyya-t, a 
thing delayed. 
\+>j\ arfrd\ mills, pi. of Wj rahan, 

i^j rafya. 
p\+j\ arfcdm, wombs, pi. of ^; 
rabm. 



\*>\ 



Uj\ 



(**-j\ arhafti, more or most merciful, 

compassionate, 
o*^ arhiyy, 8 arhiya-t, mills, pi. of 

^> rahan, ^j raha. 
(tfl) arah, also 11. and iv., date, fix 

the date. 
tj\ irh, urh, bullock; young cow, 
heifer ; — 8 urka-t, date, epoch. 

irhd', relaxing; giving the 
reins ; quick riding. 
0*y\ arhas, cheaper, comp. of u«**j 

rafcis. 
J*^ arhul, lambs, pi. of J*.; rifrl 
Qj**j\ arfcdn, arhdn, pi. ardfcina-t, 
archon ; chief ; high - priest ; 
abbot ; patriarch. 
<j±-j\ arha, laxer, looser; more 
yielding ; thinner (fluid) ; — 8 
urhiyya-t, pi. ^\j\ ardhi, what 
is to be let down, veil, curtain ; 
calf of a buffalo. 
4j\ aradd, more useful, more nearly 
concerning (^ 'ala) ; f. ruddd*, 
divorced wife. 

ardd\ worse, comp. of <£<*) 
radi* ; — ardi'd, pi. of the same. 
fcW;\ arddj, black leather. 
v>^ ardabb, irdabb, corn measure 
=five bushels ; — irdabb, 8 irdab- 
ba-t, canal. 
&"Jj\ ardama-t, root of a tree. 
q<*j\ ardan, Jordan; silk; — ur- 

dunn, sleepiness ; Jordan. 
h**fi ardiya-t, cloaks, robes, pi. of 

k>j ridd\ 
JJ^ arzal, pi. gj and ardzil, more 
or most vile, mean ; abject ; de- 
crepit. 
( rf) araz, aria, a, i, u, inf. wrva, 
contract (n.), stand firm, be 
firmly rooted ; be cold (night) ; 
retreat to her hole (snake). 
))\ driz, firm, firmly rooted, strong ; 
cold; chief of a clan; — am, 
urz, 8 , cedar, pine-tree ; — arm, 
druz, aruzz, urva, uruzz, urz=)) 
rtm, rice. 
s}\))\ arwdq, riches, Ac., pi. of jj 

rizq. 
b))\ irzabba-t, iron bar or mace, 



Digitized by 



Google 



J* 



28 



& 



£$ arza'y cowardly, more or most 

cowardly. 
$$ irziz, shudder, trembling ; hail- 
storm ; push, thrust. 

(u - ^) ara8 t i, inf. ars, carry on 
agriculture as a peasant or 
farmer ; — n. the same ; hire 
one's services. 

m ired\ fixing, rendering firm ; 
casting anchor in a port ; land- 
ing. 

JL»^ irsdly sending, mission; quo- 
tation of a tradition of Muham- 
mad without mentioning an 
authority. 

($m arsdn, haltSrs, &c, pi. of ($~j 
rasan. 

£*j\ arsafy, firmer, comp. of £*\j 
rdsifa. 

J-j\ arsul, messengers, &c, pi. of 
J^) ratill, and J*-; rcml. 

&~j~j\ arsusa-t, a high cap. 

yj*j\ ars, ' men, creatures ; gift, 
compensation, blood - money ; 
bribe; dispute, law-suit; insti- 
gation to quarrelling. 

(\jtf) araJ, inf. ars, scratch one's 
face in sign of mourning ; incite 
to enmity ; give (2 ace.) ; pass, 
be claimed for extradition, in 
order to atone for bloodshed ; 
— ii. inf. ta'ris, kindle ; — viii. 
inf. iVirds, take revenge or 
blood-money; be delivered up 
for atonement. 

*\*>j\ iridd, direction in the right 
way ; spiritual remonstrance. 

C*j\ arsafy, more perspiring. 

**)\ arsad, straight, straighter; 
more or most upright. 

£*Am\ arsiya-t, ropes, pi. of \±j risd\ 

^t aras8, f . \~j rassd, with well set 
teeth ; closely joining. 

jUj\ irsdd, astronomical, observa- 
tion. 

<j*j\ ard, f. pi. arMn, aradiln, ara- 
ddt, drdd, arddi, earth ; ground ; 
land; sole, lowest part of any- 
thing ; u*^ ^ ibn ard, wan- 
, derer, wayfarer, stranger ; — 
arady 5, wood- worm; — dra 



worthier, worthiest; — ara d, 
not stirring from the place ; — S 
irda-t, urda-t, luxuriant grass. 

(u 6 ^) wad, inf. ard, consume into 
dust ; — arid, inf. arad, cover 
itself with pustules and get bad 
(wound) ; — arud, inf. ard, abound 
with food ; — inf. ardda-t, be 
well overgrown with plants ; be 
worthy of, fit for (J li) ; — pass, 
have a cold ; — n. inf. ta'rid, 
graze all the herbs of a place 
and look for fresh pasture ; pre- 
pare for fasting ; embellish a 
speech ; reconcile ; molest, de- 
tain, prevent; — iv. inf. i'rdd, 
give a cold ; — v. inf. ta'arrud, 
bend to the earth from heavi- 
ness ; be ripe for mowing ; 
hinder, thwart ; — vi. inf. ta'd- 
rud, settle in a place ; — x. inf. 
isti'rdd, cover itself with pus- 
tules ; push forth roots. 

U|\ irdd'y satisfying, consenting, 
complying with. 

gU;\ irdd*, giving the suck, suck- 
ling. 

tjij\ ardiyy, earthly, terrestrial ; — 
of** <j*^ wdiyy iokiyy, arti- 
choke ; — * ardiyya-t, ground ; 
floor; bottom of a vessel; 
grounding colour of a stuff. 

JU^ arfdl, pounds (of 12 ounces), 
pi. of jij rati, rifl. 

Wj\ ar'd', pastures, pi. of ^j ri'y. 

h}*^ ar'dwiyya-t, pasturing cattle. 

q*}\ ar'an, f . ra l nd\ talkative ; 
stupid ; flabby ; demoralised 
(army) ; mild (air) ; mountain. 

Sj*;\ ur'uwwa-t, yoke (pair) of oxen. 

*>U^ irgdd, cable ; living in affluence. 

s-^ argab, more or most greedy, 
covetous ; more desirable. 

j^\ argad, more or most commo- 
dious, pleasant, affluent. 

&i&)\ argifa-t, loaves, rolls, cakes, 
pi. of h-*±; ragif. 

Jfc^ argot, commodious, comfor- 
table (life) ; uncircumcised. 

ytj\ argun, pi. ardgin, arganun, 
organ (instrument). 



Digitized by 



Google 



tf 



29 



tf 



Jy^t an/riZ, oboe. 

(*-*j\) arafy n. arra/, make a knot ; 
pass, be delimited; in. confine 
with ; — S urfa-t, pi. uraf, 
boundary; knot. 

jU^ ir/% supply, iv. of (,3*;). 

yiUi^ irfiddd, dispersing,, disap- 
pearing. 

g*^ ar/a', more elated, higher. 

J»j\ ar/fa/, f. rafid\ awkward, slo- 
venly ; flab- eared (ass). 

^j\ urfiyy, pure milk. 

(<3j\) ariq, inf. araq, and vin. inf. 
t'iira^, wake, be awake, sleepless ; 
— n. inf. ta'riq y and iv. inf. 
i'rdq, cause to wake. 

jfi arq, araq, uraq, disease in the 
corn ; jaundice ; — araqq, thinner, 
&c, comp. of <JJ*5) raqiq. 

ffcj\ arqdm, written characters, &c, 
pi. ftij raqam. 

($&j\ irqdn, henna; saffron. 

(&j\ arqam, spotted ; ah-arqam, a 

Foisonous snake, viper. 
arqa-f, f. raqfd\ spotted. 

Qdj\) irk, a thorn tree ; — arak, 
arik, also pass, urik, have sto- 
mach-ache from feeding on its 
fruit; stop and feed on it; 
insist ; tarry ; — n. inf. taWik, 
place the bride on the throne 
(ji£tj\ arika-t). 

*dj\ arakk, stupid, imbecile, weak- 
minded, N.B. dj\ n. 

«aJV^ arkdk, slight showers, pi. of 
i, rakk. 

q\£j\ arkdn, pillars, props, &c, pi. 
of (£*> Tukn-y — irkdn, (m.) con- 
fidence. 

^4j\ arkub, cavalcades, troops of 
horsemen, pi. of s-^j rakb. 

^^j\ arktiby troop of travellers on 
camels. 

q£j\ arkuiiy pi. ardkina-t % archon, 
Ac, see qj*»$ ar^un. 

^J\ arka 9 weaker, comp. of ^ 
rakiyy. 

W) & rarn > J > INF - arm, bite ; eat 
all ; decimate (famine) ; tie up ; 
twist tight ; soften, pacify. 

*>\ army stature, form of the body ; 



— arim, iram, pi. dram, large 
stone to indicate the way in a 
desert ; mountain-peak (pi. also 
urum) ; crown of the head ; — 
uram, urram, molar teeth ; 
finger-tips ; pebbles ; — 8 dri- 
ma-t, tooth. 

U^ urmd, such a one, so and 1. as- 
certain person ; — armd', p o 
^j") ramiyy, hit, thrown at. 

*±A*)\ armds, old rope. 

tW armdh, lances, pi. of £~j rumh. 

•x^A armad, ashy grey, f . ar-ramdd*, 
ostrich ; pi. *-* rumd, flies ; very 
small ; numerous ; with watering 

• (running) eyes. 

j**)\ armad, burnt (ground) ; peb- 
bled ; pebbles ; — armud, * armU 
da-t, pi. of ($<*") ramaddn, the 
month of fasting. 

J-*j\ armal, pi. ardmil, ardmily 
ardmila-t, single ; widowed ; 
poor ; f . armala-t, poor widow ; 
al-armala-t, the needy and deso- 
late. 

<£+)\ arman, <^ armaniyy, Arme- 
nian ; h armaniyya-t, Armenia. 

RyJ armdla-t, pi. ardmil, poor; 
unmarried. 

ifj\ urma=\"j\ urmd ; — & armiya-t, 
pi. of ^fj ramiyy, thrown, hit. 

(yjl) aran, inf. am, bite ; — arin 9 
a, inf. aran, arm, irdn 9 be quick, 
agile, brisk ; — in. vie in beauty, 
elegance, &c. ; long for the cow 
(bull). 

I»j\Jj\ arnauf, Arnaut. 

s-*^ arnaby pi. ardnib, ardn-in, 
hare. 

&+i)\ arnama-t, (m.) arnaba-t, groin. 

ije(*j\ Mas, premeditation. 

\c\jtj\ arhdf, families, pi. of k*; rahf s 
rahaf. 

q\j*j\ irhduy pledging, pawning. 

y\ arw, deceit, cunning. 

\fr\ irwd\ watering, quenching of 
the thirst ; wetting. 

C^\ arwdfy, pi. of tjy ruh, breath, 
&c, and of £*; nh y wind, &c. ; 
evening ; — irwdh, bad smell. 

$$ arwa'y pi. of gfl; r<f $', q.v. 



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V 



<j\j^ arwdq, tents, &c., pL of ^ 
rauq. 

fbjfl arwdm, Greeks, Romans, pi. 
of fy rdm. 

tjfl aruoah, f. rauhd\ pi. ruh, wide, 
spacious ; more airy, thinner ; 
more pleasant ; quiet. 

*2)\ arwad, slow, deliberate. 

u*j;\ ar'u8, heads, &c, pi. of y*\) 
ra'«, ra*. 

£))\ arwa 1 , f. ^ rati'd', causing 
pleasure and admiration by 
beauty, bravery, <fcc. ; noble ; 
prudent, cunning. 

£y\ arwag, more or most cunning. 

&i^\ arwiqa-t, tents, &c., pi. of jlj; 
riwdq, ruwdq. 

fi)\ arum, S , root ; — t*rwm, moun- 
tain peaks, pi. of ft\ aram. 

QyX irun, hearths, &c, pi. of fy 
ira-t. 

&ty\ urwiyya-t, pi. (3 to 10) ard- 
vriyy, (above 10) arwa, chamois, 
mountain-goat. 

(i$)\) ary, honey ; dew ; manna ; 
shining cloud ; squall ; — iry, 
ariy, pi. awdr-in, awdiyy, man- 
ger ; stable ; peg or rope for 
tying up. 

(sSy) ara > x > INF - a fy» I -> v, > VIII «i 
make honey; drive the clouds 
and bring rain; to eat from 
the same manger with another 
animal ; — n. inf. ta'riya-t, 
make an animal eat from the 
same manger with another ; tie 
up, fasten; conceal; — iv. inf. 
i'rd*, accustom one animal to 
another ; — v. inf. ta'arri, re- 
main behind ; — v. and vm. 
inf. U'ird', be kept back; look 
out for what is lit, appropriate ; 

— ara, ari, i, burn with anger ; 

— ii. blow the fire. 

tV ar y^f ^ in( l 8 > pl- of &j rtfr. 
J*ty aryds, feathers, pl. of <j2*; ni, 

S risa-t. 
kJ\ij\ arydf, fertile tracts, &c, pl. 

of <-At; rif. 
s-st>^ *ri6, clever, skilful, prudent, 

cunning; arrow; winner in the 



game of arrows ; f . 2 ariba-t, large 

, and wide (kettle). 

gi;\ arij, * arija-t, inf. of (e^) q.v. ; 
— arij, fragrance ; fragrant. 

C*^ aryah, spacious, airy ; — ^$ 
aryahiyy, arihiyy, high-minded 
and liberal ; vivacious, quick ; — 
h aryahiyya-t, liberality, gene- 
rosity. 

£)\ ariz, very cold ; hoar-frost ; 
prince. 

v-t)\ arts, irrts, pl. un and ardris, 
ardris, arcuriea-t, peasant ; — 
irris, leader, prince. 

(j**)\ aryas, with a strong beard. 

{j*ij\ arid, very rich ; well over- 
grown ; clever, fit ; modest ; 
pure. 

«4^ arxk, 8 pl. ardyik, divan for the 
bride; throne. 

f*ij\ arim, a certain person. 

gift aryan, what is beyond any- 
body's strength. 

()\) azz, 1, u, inf. azz, azdz, aziz, 
thunder; bubble; — 1. and 11. 
beat (pulse) ; agitate, excite ; 
make boil ; kindle ; make eager ; 
pain ; pour out ; have sexual 
intercourse with ; — v., vm. boil ; 
be agitated ; — vm. hasten. 

)\ azz, pulsation ; sexual inter- 
course ; pressing of a crowd ; — 
S azza-t, confusion, throng. 

(\\\) aza\ satiate ; flinch. 

\y izd\ vis a vis; site; (**$$ 
izd'uhum, their comrades ; \)\ 
ij^\ izd* aWaii, livelihood. 

ij\)\ azdbiyy, difficult and im- 
portant matters, &c, pl. of ^y^ 



&\)\ izdta~t, abundance of olives 

and oil. 
$\)\ dzdj, colonnades, pl. of gjt 

azaj. 
Wj\ izdfra-t, removing, taking 

away ; conclusion. 
j\)\ izdr, veil==>jt izr, q.v. 
)\\\ azdz, inf. of (j\) azz. 
«\j\ izdla-t, abolition, 

annihilation. 
p\)\ azdm, year of famine. 



annulling, 



_Diqit.i7Pr1.hy V. 



#ty azdnid, fire-staves, pi. of j^j 
zand, 

j**\)\ azdhir, flowers, pL of Syfcj 
zahra-t. 

(v>^) azab, i, flow ; — v. inf. ia'- 
azzub, divide a fortune between 
each other. 

v*j^ azzab, f. zabbd', hairy, shaggy, 
downy, woolly ; fertile ; dread- 
ful ; — S azba-t, misfortune ; 
famine ; — ^5 azban, excessive ; 
— vzbiyy, pi. azdbiyy, matter of 
importance and difficulty ; great 
calamity ; quickness ; manner, 
way, method. 

(t)\) azaj, u, azij, a, inf. uzuj, 
hasten ; forsake in need; leave 
in the lurch; — 11. build a co- 
lonnade. 

g^ azaj, pi. dzdjy dzuj, izaja-t, 
colonnade, oblong hall with 
columns; arch of a door; — 
azajj, with long eye-lashes; 
walking with quick long strides ; 
— 1£ azja, who manages skilfully 
and executes well. 

(tj^) azah, 1, inf. uzuh, contract 
(n.) ; approach one another ; 
tarry, remain behind ; slip ; beat 
(artery) ; — v., vi. be slow, remain 
behind. 

fWjj\ izdihcum, crowd, throng, mul- 
titude. 

\>*>j^ izdird\ contempt, disdain, 
insult. 

\*Jj\ izdihd, pride ; contempt. 

cV^ izdiwdj, copulation, pairing. 

*>^^ izdiydd, growth, increase. 

($) azar, inf. azr, be vigorous; 
surround (for protection); 
strengthen ; — 11. cover, veil ; 
streDgthen ; — in. grow close 
together and entwine ; assist ; 
console ; correspond ; — rv. 
strengthen, invigorate ; — v. 
grow strong; — v., vin. cover 
one's self with the veil j\j\ 
izdr, 

j)\ azr, strength, and, by opposi- 
tion, weakness ; back ; — izr 
(more frequently izdr), pi. uzr, 



81 tf 



vzur, azira-t, a long wrapper, 
veil ; women ; chastity ; — i zr , 
8 izra-t, manner of wearing the 
izdr ; — izr, root ; — uzr, waist. 

fj)\ azrdr, buttons, Ac, pi. of jj 
zirr, 

«3j^ azraq, f. zarqd 9 , pi. zurq, blue, 
light blue, pale ; j^\ ^ 'aduww 
azraq, mortal enemy ; zarqd 9 , 
wine. 

ft$ azram, cat. 

))\ azaz, crowd, thronged assembly. 

o**^ az'ahiyy, small, bad. 

J«fijt izHl, lively, cheerful. 

(<-^) azif, a, inf. azf, uzuf, ap- 
proach, come suddenly ; be in- 
significant ; — azaf, azif, azuf, 
close (as a wound) ; — n., iv., v. 
the same ; — vi. approach one 
another. 

<-*)\ azaf, poverty, misery ; — S 
vzfa-t, pi. uzaf, boundary, limit ; 

— dzifa-t, day of the last judg- 
ment. 

J*^ azfal, anger, burst of anger; 

— £ azfala-t, ^ azfala, troop, 
crowd ; — izfalla-t, vivacity. 

o*^ azfa, hurry, haste, speed. 

&\i)\ azqdq, leather pipes, pi. of j>j 
ziqq, 

toy aziqqa-t, lanes, &c, pi. of jVjj 
zuqdq, 

wfy azkiyd 9 , pi. of <J) zdkiyy, good, 
upright, &c. 

(JjV azal, 1, inf. azl, be in need, 
misery ; suffer from hunger ; 
shorten a horse's tether, and 
allow it to graze ; not allow the 
cattle to pasture (from fear or 
scarcity of food) ; — v. be in 
anxiety. 

Jj^ azal, time without beginning, 
eternity ; — izl, falseness, lie ; 
great calamity ; extraordinary 
occurrence ; — ^ azaliyy, eternal, 
God ; — h azaliyya-t, eternity. 

(pjp a**™, h inf. azm, adhere, be 
firmly attached ; carry on as- 
siduously ; watch ; — inf. azm, 
uzum, bite with all the teeth; 
bite the bridle ; bite into pieces, 



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82 



w* 



cut; annihilate; overcome, con- 
quer (J^ <ala) ; lock ; twist 
tight ; oppress ; abstain from 
(^ l an) ; — azim, a, inf. azam, 
contract and unite (n.) ; alight ; 

— v. stay long in a place; be 
oppressed (by famine, &c). 

P)\ azm, manner of plaiting the 
hair ; meal ; bite ; silence ; — 
dzim, pi. uzzam, uzum, tooth ; — 
8 azma-t, azama-t, pi. azm, izam, 
one daily meal ; famine, poverty, 
distress ; — dzima-t, pi. awdzim, 
tooth ; — azimma-t, pi. zimdm, 
strap ; leading cord. 

£Uj\ azmd 1 , rivulets ; valleys, pi. 
of ***•) zam'a-t. 

«w»j\ azma-t, graver, more digni- 
fied, &c, comp. of «A***j zamit. 

g*j\ azma 1 , pi. azdmi 1 , calamity. 

J*j\ azmal, pi. azdmil, azdmil, in- 
distinct sound, noise; family, 
household ; — uzmal, azmul, lug- 
gage ; — izmall, weak-minded ; 

— 8 azmala-t, numerous ; sound 
of the bow ; luggage, household 
furniture ; family comprising 
slaves. 

Z±*)\ azmina-t, times, pi. of ($>•) 
zaman and q\~) zaman. 

J**j\ izmil, knife for scraping; 
spear, spit; chisel; engraving- 
needle ; scissors ; hammer ; 
strong, and, by opposition, 
weak. 

y*j\ azhar, f . zahrd, pi. zuhr, shining 
white, fresh, resplendent ; moon ; 
star; lion; milk fresh from 
the udder ; Friday ; al-azhardn, 
sun and moon; az-zahrawdn, 
the second and third chapters 
of the Qur'an: 2^J\ al-baqra-t 
(the cow) and ^V* J^ &1 Hmrdn 
(the family of Imran, father of 
Moses). 

,jt>j\ azha, shining ; yellowish red ; 
ripe. 

(jj\) azd, u, inf. azw, grow 
short (shadow when the sun is 

L high). , 



•&$ azwdd, 8j^ azwida-t, travelling 
provisions, pi. of *>\j zdd. 

j\jj\ azwdr, pi. of foy ziwdr and jVy 
ziydr, q.v. 

)$ azwar, f. zaurdt , pi. zur, in- 
clined ; oblique ; squinting ; 
deep well ; tomb ; army ; az- 
zaurd', Bagdad. 

\j>*)\ azwai, proud boaster. 

pjj\ azum, pi. uzum, tooth ; biting 
with all teeth ; sterile ; — azum, 
f . 8 , addicted to (v> bi). 

(<3$) aza t J > J NF « az Vi uziyy, be 
added ; add ; grow shorter 
(shadow) ; play a confidence 
trick ; come suddenly upon ; 
torment; waste one's fortune; 
— in. inf. mu'dzdt, keep pace 
with, accompany ; — iv. inf. 
i'zd', repay a benefit twice over; 
fear ; stand in fear of, corre- 
spond ; keep pace with ; tor- 
ment ; — v. inf. ta'azzi, crowd 
together, assemble (n.) ; tremble 
(an arrow which has hit the 
mark) ; make a canal. 

«-J^}\ azydf, pi. of *Jtf\} zd'if and 
*-*y zaif, clipped coin. 

O^ izydn, izziydn, adorning, &c, 
iv. and vni. of (<#)). 

s-«y^ azyab, liveliness, nimbleness ; 
nimble, brisk, alert; insignifi- 
cant ; calamity ; enmity ; fear ; 
Satan ; bastard ; adopted son ; 
hedgehog ; east wind ; — izyabb, 
great, violent. 

*l)\ azyad, greater, more. 

)ij\ aztz, violent motion ; cold (s. 
and adj.). 

(ijA) (188, INF. 088, 188, 1x88, Hlin J 

cause discord; secrete honey; 
build a house ; — n. inf. la'sis, 
mark out and lay the founda- 
tions of a building. 
u*\ ass, i8S, U88, pi. dm8, dsdsdt, 
isds, foundation ; beginning ; 
cause; trace; remainder; excre- 
ments,; — as, 8 , myrtle ; remain- 
der, trace ; tomb ; companion ; — 
ds-in, see ^*\ dsi. 



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u 



S3 



\ 



*-» «*«, grief; — 8 f«^ f physicians, 

pi. of ^^ dsi. 
&w asdbi', weeks, pi. of S*«-^ 

•MW a*a%, 8 asdtiza-t, masters, Ac, 

pL of JU«.\ ustdz. 
pM **dttr, pi. of J*~\ istar, q.v. 
(^«*u.» asdtin, columns. 
C**^ 000/?, cadences, Ac, pi. of 

<***•* saj*. 
»>V«.T dsdd, lions, pi. of Ju.\ asad ; — 

8 isdda-t, uedda-t, cushion. 
jW aa'ar, remainders, rests, pi. of 

j^- ««V ; — isdr, isdra4 9 pi. usur, 

strong strap; captivity; left 

side. 

«4>^ tt*<2ra, captives, pi. of «~\ 
osir. 

X>l~t cwarir, pi. of y* «irr, line in 

the palm of the hand. 
u*W a**a, pi. u^, foundation; 
Das © ;^ — osa*, was, see <j*\ i«« ; — 
^5 asdsiyy, fundamental ; founda- 
tion stone. 
(JA~\ asdtim, middles, Ac, pi. of 

W*~\ U8fummd\ 
p**\~\ asdtir, stories, fables, pi. of 

)j*~\ astur, 8 a8tura-t. 
Jt^U asdtil, fleets, pi. of Jyut 

usfiil. 
<$M~\ asdfin, columns, Ac, pi. of 

&\jk#\ usfuwdna-t, 
JiU asdfil, rabble, Ac, pi. of J&-t 

a*/aZ. 
«-*>U\ asdqif, 8 aedqifa-t, bishops, 

pi. of v- 69 „ \ U8quf. 

<Jfk<*\ asdqi, leather bags for water 
or milk, pi. of Uu eaqd'. 

JU^ dsdl, pi. resemblance, simili- 
tude; signs; — w'dl, complying 
with a request, rv. of ( JU) ; — 
8 asdla-t, being oral; — isdla-t, 
causing to flow, rv. of (J*-). 

Sr*JU asdlib, manners, ways, pi. 
of s^y*-^ usMb. 

<jJW asdliq, glands of the palate. 

fW dsdm, dsdm-in, ^U\ asdmi, 
names, pi. of p~\ ism, irnn; — 
J asdma-t, usdma-t, lion ; — ^ 
asdmiyy, (m.) ^client'; debtor ; 



tenant; counsel in a law-suit; 
office. 
C)U\ dsdn, characters, pi. of ($-\ 

U8UTI. 

•VW asdnid, quotations, Ac., pi. 

of *>IU isndd. 
*>jU\ asdwid, pi. of *>y»\ astoad, 

black. 
jl^W asdwir, 8 asdivira-t, bracelets, 

pi. of j\y~ siwdr. 
SjUt usdwa-t, art of the physician ; 

medicine; cure. 
I* W a*%d, pi. of q\j~\ aswdn, (jjW-t 

awdn, sad, sorrowful. 
v»WJ a*&o6, causes, Ac., pi. of s-*~ 

eabab. 
l»W-t asbdt, tribes of Israel, Ac, pi. 

of W~ *ity. 
£W a*&a', seventh parts, pi. of 
£t~» *t*6'; — w&a', be or become 
seven, rv. of (£«-). 
5*W~\ isbdnaj, spinach. 
&~A asbu 1 , seventh parts, pi. of g-~ 

sub 1 . 
<3*~^ asbaq, first comer ; ovetraking 

the others ; prior, superior. 
J*-t aebal, with long moustaches ; 

f. sdbld, with long eye-lashes. 
%*F~\ usbuba-t, quarrel, dispute. 
£p~\ ushV, 8 U8bu l a4, pt £etl~t 
asdbi 1 , week; usbu'an, in the 
seventh place. 
S^^««— \ isbiddj, white lead. 
«~*\ iri, pi. istdt, back part, but- 
tock ; anus ; foundation. 
$U«.\ istdjy shuttle. 
^\xJ\ U8tdz (*>U^ us tad), pi. -?fo, 
aedtiz, asdtiza-t, master ; teacher ; 
artisan ; celebrated doctor ; pre- 
fect. 
;U~\ asidr, veils, Ac., pi. of yu sitr ; 
— istdr, pi. a8dtir 9 a coin, worth 
about a florin; four; — istdra-t, 
the same ; covering ; veiling. 
fl».l»x-^ i8tibdha,'ty giving leave, per- 
mission; giving up, abandon- 
ing. 
^W*-^ irtibd'a-t, exhibition for 

sale ; wish to sell, 
jjleju*^ istibdq, contest for supe- 
riority, striving to be first. 

5 



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ii\fXj\ istibdna-t, wish to know 
accurately; distinctness. 

*rtd*ju*\ istibddd, absolute power; 
exclusive possession ; usurpa- 
tion ; obstinacy ; being reduced 
to one's own resources. 

$±t*~\ istibdd', innovation. 

J^a*a~\ istibddl, change, exchange. 

\*i&J\ i8t%brd\ getting free ; menses. 

yjt*~\ istibrdx, challenging for a 
combat. 

jpj~>\ istdbraq, shot silk, brocade ; 
dress of it. 

J L»»T . « t istibedl, defying danger. 

j\x ^aJ \ wtibMr, good news, or re- 
joicing at such; teaching (the 
Gospel). 

jU*x-.\ istibsdr, looking closely, 
examining; sagacity. 

gU-ju.^ istibdd', sorting goods for 
sale. 

U*x-^ istibfd, delaying ; being slow, 
late, or deeming anyone to be 
so ; waiting with impatience. 

Q\Lt*~\ Utibtdn, concealing. 

*>Us-s-\ titib'dd, removing to a dis- 
tance, departure. 

JU*z~\ istib'dl, taking a husband, 
marrying. 

V**&~t %8tibgd\ desire, longing for. 

\&i*~\ i8tibqd\ keeping alive. 

J!fc*&-.\ istMdl, wetness ; recovery. 

gtfeju\ istibhdj, joy, cheerfulness, 
merriment. 

f\&xJ\ wtibhdm, obscurity, abstruse- 
ness. 

j&L*\ istitdr, hiding one's self. 

f\xx*\ Utitdm, completion, wish to 
complete. 

u^l***^ istisbat, perseverance. 

J\&&&~\ istisqdl, molestation, deem- 
ing anyone a bore. 

U&u\ titisnd', exception; exclu- 
sion ; praise. 

SjVv^ istijdba-t, listening favour- 
ably, complying with a request. 

SjV^«.\ i8tijdda-t 9 finding good, 
choosing the best. 

SjV^s-\ istijdra-t, asking for pro- 
tection or assistance; hiring, 
renting. 



&)W*J istijdza-t, asking leave. 

j W^ istijbdr, compulsion; vio- 
lence ; making firm, strong. 

»flA^u.\ ietijddd, renovation; inno- 
vation. 

jfy^s-^ Utijzdz, being ripe for har- 
vest. 

JU^*x^ istij'ctt, conflagration ; lust ; 
rut. 

s^)X^x-.\ istijldb, attraction ; driving 
cattle, &c, to market. 

g U%? .«\ istijtnd*, assembling, as- 
sembly ; career (swiftest running 
of a horse). 

j» U%? »«\ istijmdm, recreation ; rest- 

#W*~\ istihdsa-t, digging and ex- 
ploring of the ground ; export. 

^V^s-\ istihdr, crowing of the cock 
in the morning; early depar- 
ture ; — 8 istihdra-t, disquisition, 
x. of (j**0; — astonishment, x. 
of (j*>). 

fiW istihdla-t, change, transfor- 
mation ; being undulated ; being 
impossible or absurd. 

s^l^u^ ialiKbdb, loving, longing 
for; supererogation. 

»a>U^u\ istihsds, spurring on, urg- 
ing. 

»a^»Wu.\ istihdds, receiving of news ; 
deeming new or fresh. 

j\*Wl-\ istihddd, sharpening. 

^L-^s-\ istihedn, approval ; praise ; 
admiration ; taking as a favour. 

jUfe&~\ utihsdd, being ripe for har- 
vest. * 

J U^? ..\ istihsdl, acquiring, obtain- 
ing ; gathering. 

U ^ ? ..\ Utihsdn, retiring to a for- 
tress ; intrenching. 

j U ^ ? «\ istihddr, summoning before. 

IU*&»\ utihfdz, preserving in me- 
mory, recollection. 

jVa^u\ istihqdr, treating with con- 
tempt ; scorning ; vilifying. 

fV£*s«*\ utihkdm, strengthening, 
fortifying ; corroboration ; pro- 
moting; securing. 

istihldf, demanding an 



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oath; adjuring; swearing so- 
lemnly. 

JW*^ Utihldl, deeming or making 
lawful ; prescription (of pro- 
perty). 

JU^*-\ istihmdl, patience; tolera- 
tion ; resignation. 

fUsfci^ istihmam, bathing; taking 
a warm bath. 

lfi^a-\ istihyd', being ashamed or 
bashful ; remaining alive. 

SjW**-.* istihdra-t, prayer for good 
things, blessings, &c. ; desire 
for good. 

V«4fc*~\ istihba\ pitching a tent; 
hiding one's self. 

jl*4b£-\ iatiftbdr, inquiring. 

j»\j^jl^ ietihddm, making use of or 
hiring one's services; looking 
out for work or service. 

\Aa*&~\ utikzd\ self-humiliation. 

$\jabS~\ istihrdj, extraction ; deriva- 
tion; choosing. 

U^l^ isHJrfd', hiding one's self; 
absconding. 

<^U£&~\ istijtfdf, slighting, despis- 
ing ; making light of. 

^!&ayu.\ istihlds, setting at liberty, 
desire to liberate. 

Ub&s~\ istihldf, leaving descend- 
ants ; succession. 

ij\*x-\ istiddrart, surrounding ; 
being circular or globular. 

£*\jo~\ istiddma-t, perseverance ; 
endurance. 

&\ja-\ istiddna-t, borrowing. 

; ^jcl-\ istidbdr, returning, turning 
one's back to ; tardy wisdom. 

JU^u«\ istidfrdl, desire to enter; 
intermeddling. 

g\jjo-\ istidrdj, advancing by steps 
or degrees. 

tfNjja-A ittidrdk, comprehending, un- 
derstanding; acquiring; reach- 
ing, overtaking ; improving, 
mending. 

Ujo-\ istid'd?, humble request; 
soliciting. 

jUjuU istidfd', prayer for the 
averting of evil. 



jtf.**^ istidqdq, accuracy ; puncti- 
liousness. 

J9.u^ isticttdl, bringing forth 
proofs, demonstration ; asking 
for reasons. 

j\S±z~>\ istizhdr, reminding, recalling 
to memory, recollection. 

J9xut istizldl, contempt ; vilifying. 

fUJju-\ Utizmdm, deserving blame ; 
asking protection. 

v*^**^ istizndb, following closely ; 
being terminated ; suspecting. 

&*\j*~\ titirdba-t, doubting, suspect- 
ing. 

k>yu«\ istirdha-t, smelling; repos- 
ing, resting ; tranquillity ; paus- 
ing. 

^\yM ietirdq, theft. 

$\JjX„.\ istirtdj, giving way of the 
voice. 

W;*~* Utirjd\ petitioning, suppli- 
cating. 

gWf~»\ istirjd', asking or taking 
back ; reclamation ; wish to 
return. 

Uyt-\ Utirhd', relaxation. 

geWj*^ istirhds, cheap bargain; 
wish for cheapness ; bartering. 

*rt*yu.\ i8tirddd, asking or taking 
back, demanding restitution ; 
remonstrance. 

V>djX~\ istiridiyd, oyster. 

JUy-t utirzdl, contempt, disdain. 

\*js~\ %8tir4d\ demanding a bribe. 

*>UjS«.\ istirsdd, being rightly di- 
rected. 

\*j£~\ Utirdd', striving to please. 

\*f~*\ ietir l d\ committing to an- 
other's care. 

,jtfyu.\ istirqdq, enslaving. 

oUyu.^ istirfddj seeking help. 

djx~\ istwak, storaf* 

y£yfj\ astarmuk, ostrich. 

sjtayu.\ istirhdb, frightening. 

g\tby~\ istirhdn, taking a pledge. 

cW**^ istirwdh, resting ; smelling. 

&JyJ\ istizdda-tj asking for more. 

8j\vs-\ Utizdra-t, asking for a visit. 

jSyut istizldl, slipping. 

jV£~&~\ istMdr, mocking at, making 
sport of. 



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\ 



3« 



\ 



j U .- ju \ titisddd, stopping, locking 
up. 

\j~jJ\ %8tisrd\ travelling at night- 
time. 

£y~s~& titisrar, being covered by 
clouds (moon) ; hiding one's 
self. 

^ s** \ istis'd', effort ; haste. 

oU.- a ,..\ utitfdd, wish for happi- 
ness; happiness; wishing joy; 
demand for help. 

to~*~\ %8tisqd\ desire for drink; 
taking drink ; dropsy. 

U>%~s~\ istieldf, prepayment ; ad- 
vance of money. 

jA —x- l istisldm, submission, obedi- 
ence ; conversion to Islam. 

ol u », ? .-^ istisndd) reclining against, 
leaning on. 

JV$~ju.\ istishdl, commodiousneBS ; 



8jUa-\ istiMra-t, consulting, asking 
for advice. 

&lfcx*t i&tiidna-t, disapproval. 

S*&3 » + \ Utti'dr, conception of fear. 

UULx^ %6ti4fd\ wish for recovery; 
indulging one's desires. 

£Uaju.\ i&ti&f&y asking for inter- 
cession. 

«^Uaa-\ iettifdf, transparency. 

n Ux< ) istihndm, smelling (a.), 
snuffling. 

j\ q A ju \ istiihdd, taking or demand- 
ing evidence ; martyrdom. 

j\frAa-\ isUihdr, eagerness for glory, 
ambition. 

&}Ux«*\ istisdba-t, approval. 

\~qz~A Utisbd', childishness, childish 
manners. 

vWaiul ietishdb, associating, wish- 
ing for one's company. 

tl^Ll istishdhy soundness, health. 

^U**^ istis'db, difficulty. 

jU^u>\ istisgdr, holding in small 
estimation, despising, slighting. 

Uus^\ istisfd', choice of the best. 

l^*Am\ ietisldh, petition for peace. 

v>\f*&J istiswdb, approval, deeming 
right. 

SUx-1 istidd'a-t, desire to be en- 
lightened. 



&Vuut Mddfa-t, request for help, 
for hospitality. 

tfJVto^**^ istidhdk, laughing or mock- 
ing at. 

£}Uo&~\ istifdba't, approbation ; 
liking, finding agreeable ; ablu- 
tion. 

jUoXmA istitdr, drawing, delineation ; 
description. 

£c\ku.^ utitd'a-t, possibility ; being 
capable of, able to ; obedience. 

XNosJ\ i8titdla~t, length ; victory. 

v>ULxmA utifbab, wish for a physi- 
cian or a medicine. 

*>tyax~\ i8tifrdd y digression. 

fUkx~\ ig^'am, desire for food. 

g)Max*.\ istitld 1 , inquiry; trying to 
fathom one's mind. 

dflkxJ\ istifldq, delivery, setting 
free; stool. 

i r Mtt S -1 istaflas, asphalt. 

JNwu^ istizldl, sitting in the shade. 

j\dtx~\ Utizhdr, seeking for protec- 
tion ; protection. 

S»SUa-\ isti'dza-i, refuge to God. 

8jUa-\ Uti'dra-U borrowing ; meta- 
phor ; — ^ isti'driyy, borrowed ; 
falsified ; metaphorical. 

JLaU*~\ isti'dda-t, wish for exchange. 

jl*ju-^ isti'bdd, reducing to slavery. 

^*ju~\ isti'bdr, taking an example. 

Jl^*a~\ UU'jdl, hastening, accele- 
rating. 

p\+xz~\ isti'jdm, stammering, 
speaking in a barbaric or un- 
intelligible manner, deeming 
one to speak so. 

\**zJ\ isti'dd', asking for help or 
vengeance against an enemy. 

o\j*a^ isti'ddd, readiness ; skill ; 
merit; tendency. 

j\±*z«\ isti'zdr, asking excuse. 

u«~\ isti'sd', rebellion. 

Ua*&-\ titi'td', asking for a gift. 

i_*\iau-\ isti'tdf, courting favour 
with, insinuating one's self into 
another's good graces ; solicit- 

f \]tecu«\ isti'zdm, striving for great- 
ness ; considering as great; 
esteemi 



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\**z~\ isli'fd'y asking pardon or ab- 
solution; resignation (of an 
office); deposition. 

«jla«£-\ ieti'fdf, abstinence ; ab- 
stemiousness. 

*>U*x-\ Uti'qdd, credulity. 

l*s~\ isti'ld, elevation. 

C-fc**-^ isti'ldj, medical treatment, 
cure. 

(&*z-\ leti'lam, asking for informa- 
tion, inquiry. 

qIUs-^ isti'ldn, publication. 

jU*s-\ isti'mdr, cultivation, colonisa- 
tion. 

JU*x~\ isti'mdl, employment, use. 

*>1$*a-\ isti l hdd 9 stipulation, con- 
tract. 

\f*~\ isU'wd'y call for help. 

&Ux-\ istigdsa-t, asking for help, 
for one's right ; appeal. 

^jAx^ istigrdb, wonder, astonish- 
ment, amazement. 

j\yu~\ wtigrdq, being submerged ; 
exaggeration. 

Uju-\ istigid\ covering, veiling 
one's self. 

j\ua«\ istigfdr, asking forgiveness, 

repentance, deprecation. 
* s fi jA J \ t8tigldq } being bound to do ; 
obscurity. 

U*a~\ Utignd', being satisfied; not 
being in want of a thing, there- 
fore contemning it ; supercilious- 
ness. 



£\j*z~\ i8tifrdg 9 vomiting; reject- 
ing. 

& istifsad, tendency to injure. 



j»U*&-\ istigndm, exploiting. 

\j*~& wtigwd', fraud, deceit. 

S*>toi-\ utifdda-t, advantage, gain. 

XaVax-\ istifdda-t, publication ; over- 
flowing ; abundance. 

3i\toJ\ istifdqa-ty recovering con- 
sciousness; superiority. 

JaU*~,\ istifdha-t, eating one's fill. 

Ufcu.\, istiftd', consulting the Mufti, 
a lawyer. 

£UteL,\ istiftdh, asking for help; 
summons to open, to surrender ; 
demanding an explanation. 

£\/zJ\ %8tifrdh, breeding poultry, 
pigeons, &c. 

^yka-T utifrdr, running away, 
flight. 



j L »a. ? .«i\ \8tif8(Jur> request for explana- 
tion, information ; question. 

S$AzJ\ istifldh, well-being. 

^Uax-\ istifndm, classification. 

f%l$&u\ wtifham, wish to compre- 
hend ; desire for instruction ; 
inquiry; question. 

V&u\ istiqd\ drawing water. 

45Ux~\ istiqdta-t, requiring provi- 
sions; provisioning. 

JUV&u^ istiqama-ty uprightness ; 
rectitude ; sincerity ; rising ; 
dwelling; fortitude; estimating 
the value of goods ; (m.) preg- 
nancy. 

cW**~\ istiqbdhy detesting, abhor- 
ring. 

J\*axJ\ istiqbdly going to meet ; re- 
ception ; future ; — ^ istiqbdliyyy 
future, impending. 

JU&x~\ %8tiqtdly murderous disposi- 
tion, blood-thirstiness. 

^«*u-\ i8tiqddrriy going in advance ; 
surpassing ; wish to surpass. 

j\jte~\ i8tiqr<MTy confirmation, ratifi- 
cation ; settling down. 

yi^x^ istiqrdd, borrowing ; asking 
for a loan. 

\*teJ\ i8t%qsd*y desire for know- 
ledge ; disquisition ; investiga- 
tion. 

u eUas-\ istiqsdsy thirst for revenge; 
requital. 

U&s~\ i8tiqdd\ demand for pay- 
ment. 

; Uax~\ ietiqtdry dropping, dripping. 

JUss~\ ietiqfdly covetousness, ava- 
rice. 

^UsJ\ t8tiqldly absolute power, full 
powers, proxy. 

&l&~\ i8tikdna,'ty submission, sub- 
missiveness. 

Jl,£zJ\ istikbdvy arrogance, pride ; 
choosing the largest. 

p\s£z~\ istiktdmy keeping secrets, 
secrecy ; taciturnity. 

jU4u\ ietiksdr, increasing the quan- 



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>\ 



\ 



tity ; wanting more ; wanting 
or using a large amount. 

\j6*m\ i&tikrd', hiring, renting. 

a^&u\ istikrdh, detesting, aversion, 
abhorrence, contempt. 

sA« »&u^ istihsdb, gain, earnings. 

%j\a £ & A istiktef, uncovering, eluci- 
dation ; close observation. 

^I^a-^ iatikldb, hydrophobia; rav- 
ing madness ; rage. 

J\.», C L\ iatlkmalj completion ; bring- 
ing to perfection; wishing to 
complete or make perfect. 

<U-\ t8tild\ melting. 

s ^iU-\ istUdb, plundering. 

pte~>\ Mldm, submission; venera- 
tion ; kissing with reverence, 
viii. of (f4~) ; — istiVdm, mis- 
alliance, x. of (f$). 

gV^lx~\ Utiljdj, claiming for one's 
self. 

jW*-^ i8tilhdq 9 accompanying. 

fVJU~\ istilhdm, pursuing, perse- 
cution. 

S\ JIx-\ istilzdz, relishing, delighting 
in, delight. 

f\^s~.\ istilzdm, deeming necessary ; 
forcing from. 

VaU-\ t8tilqd\ meeting; catching 
what has been thrown; falling 
on one's back. 

2».Ujl«\ istimdha-t, begging, asking 
for pardon. 

£Ws-\ %8timd\ hearing, listening. 

JJU*-\ istimdla-i, caressing, gaining 
or courting favour with. 

£U*a-\ istimtd 1 , enjoying ; usu- 
fruct ; celebration of a feast in 
Mekka. 

j\,ua-\ istimddd, asking for sup- 
plies, subsidies, aid ; extension ; 
reach; prolongation. 

U*a-\ t8timrd\ digestibility. 

£j+£~\ titimrdr, persisting, perse- 
vering, continuation ; proceed- 
ing ; finding bitter. 

gU^l istifnzdj, inquiring for one's 
health. 

«t)U.»;r.«\ utiimdk, holding fast, re- 
taining. 

«»>UUa»\ iitimhU, suppuration. 



q\£+jl+\ istimkdn, capability ; taking 
hold of ; consolidation. 

oJ!U^.\ Utimldk, taking possession. 

jm*-\ istimldl, disgust, bad hu- 
mour. 

£jU*a^ istimndn, asking a favour. 

Jlfr**^ istimhdl, asking for delay. 

j\jaJ\ istindd, reclining on, leaning 
against, standing firm. 

8jU*-\ istindra-t, seeking light, 
illumination, enlightening the 
heart. 

£*Ua-\ istindma-t, sleepiness ; 
dreaminess. 

q\ja+\ istindn, viii. of ((£•*), cleans- 
ing the teeth ; friskiness ; gal- 
lop. 

\*jm %8timbd\ seeking instruction, 
information. 

llfAx-^ i&timbdt, discovery, inven- 
tion ; deducing from or referring 
to an authority. 

gUtt-\ Utintdj, logical inference, 
conclusion; result. 

\+**~\ istinjd 9 , getting free, desire 
for liberty ; asking for relief or 
forgiveness ; obtaining ; ablu- 
tion. 

tW^ ^ istinjdh, desire for success ; 
fulfilment, happy issue. 

oVq»u-\ istinjdd, asking for help or 
protection; recovery. 

jl^uu ^ ietinjdz, despatch of busi- 
ness. 

u mV^ju^\ istinjds, soiling, polluting, 
defiling. 

5\juu~\ istinddh, succefcs. 

J^y*-.\ istinzdl, hospitable recep- 
tion ; dismissal from office. 

L»jt A -\ istinsa, asking for delay of 
payment ; begging to forget. 

v»\.,.,.;?..\ ietinedb, claiming or 
deriving descent from ; approv- 
ing. 

t\— ju-\ istinsdh, copying; correct- 
ing; effacing; abolishing. 

UjuuI \8tinSd\ smelling, snuffling ; 
examining. 

LUjuu.\ iaiinidf, shrinking, shrivel- 
ling. 



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*_*Ujju.\ istinS&f, breathing through 

the nose, inhaling. 
cU«-^ istinsdh, asking advice. 
jU««.\ istinsdr, asking help ; vic- 
tory. 
j\k«-.\ istinzdr, wish to see; ex- 
pectation ; asking for a delay, 
respite. 
^Uaa-^ istingds, (m.) pity, mercy, 

compassion. 
»>V&«-.\ istinfdd, emptying, voiding. 
j\JuaJ\ istinfdr, flight ; refuge ; (m.) 

aversion. 
jU**-^ istinfdq, spending money. 
JUas-\ istinqdz, rescue, escape, sal- 
vation. 
J5AAxx-\ istinqdJ, painting, engrav- 
ing. 
^Uaa-^ titinqds, demanding an 
abatement of price ; disapproval. 
£V&ix-\ istinqd', stagnation. 
p\&>A«\ istinqdm, revenge (m.). 
clSuuu.\ istinkdh, marrying. 
jV£«-\ istinkdd, aversion. 
j\£m~\ istinkdr, denying, refusing ; 

not knowing; abhorrence (m.). 
*,j\5ouu.\ Utinkdf, declining, refus- 
ing, rejecting ; disdaining ; 
horror. 
yiV*-^ istinhdd, rousing, inciting, 

ordering to do anything. 
p\&~*\ istihdm, throwing lots by 

means of arrows. 
U\&~\ Utihdna-t, contempt. 
\*&~\ istihdd\ desire for direction ; 

attaining one's end. 
\&~>\ utihzd 9 , derision, mocking at. 
d%&+\ istihldh, destruction, annihi- 
lation ; consumption ; dilapida- 
tion ; mortal enmity. 
J*9&-\ istihldl, appearance of the 
new moon ; beginning of a lunar 
month ; exordium (m.) ; cheer- 
fulness. 
f*Ue&»\ titihmdm, zeal and careful- 
ness in doing anything ; instiga- 
tion; stimulation. 
U*x~\ Utihnd% asking help. 
\*xJ\ istihwd', enchantment; se- 
duction ; making fall in love. 
\yut utiwd', being equal, parallel ; 



uniformity ; equanimity ; (m.) 
patience ; being well done 
(cooked) ; ripeness ; getting of 
full age; tyu» tt haftu-'L 
istawd\ equator. 

i\Syz+\ U8tautdh, alas ! woe ! 

^x-^ istiyy, fundamental. 

\ez~\ istiyd\ viii. of (U), toleration 

of an evil or a sin. 
j\nz~\ istiydr, viii. of (;*-), making 
provision for a journey ; — 
isti'dr, x. of (j\j), running away, 
flight. 

u- V tf x-.\ istfds, (cr^), despair. 

jloX-\ utiydq, driving along, urging 
on. 

aJ\**^ istiydk, pick the teeth with 
the d\y~-+ miswdk. 

J\*s~\ istfdl (J^), assemblage. 

Jl«s~A iatibdl (J*j), unwholesome 
condition of the air. 

gU*A-\ titisdj (e>j), dense growth. 

jU&i-\ isti'sdr (/^), preference, 
distinction ; claiming for one's 
self ; solitude ; — i&ti&dr (/j), 
molestation ; astonishment. 

jU**^ istisdq (s3^), firmness ; 
standing firm. 

(i jU < j^\ istisdn (tf»j), being or 
growing fat ; increase, plenty. 

&*~\ istij, shuttle. 

v »V %< ju.\ istijdby worthiness ; ap- 
proval ; deeming necessary. 

jV^u-\ isti'jdr (*^), hiring, renting. 

JV&s~\ istVjdl (J*^), asking a 
delay, a respite ; reaching a 
term. 

i^l^jA*\ Utijaf (*-&*• j), being in love. 

jV^»x-\ istihdd (^), being alone, 
solitariness. 

«i^ss-\ isti'hdz (W), stumbling 
from near-sightedness. 

j\&5*~\ istVhdr (f*»\), remaining 
behind ; delaying ; procrastina- 
tion. 

\*&~\ uti'dd' («^rt), asking help ; 
importunity. 

$±6M istidd 1 (g^), trusting with 
a deposit ; recommendation. 

0\J&u\ isti'zdn (o^), asking leave, 
permission. 



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40 



*~\ 



t\jtz~\ istvrdi (£#), watering, irri- 
gation. 

j\j*s-^ iatirdd (*^), invitation ;_(m.) 
gain. 

fiyt*~\ istizdr (jjj), appointment as 
a vizier. 

£\ytiX~*\ %Bt%zd i (£jj), praying for 
dhine inspiration. 

U*£x^ i8ti t 8d i (j*^), consolation. 

jL~&x~A iati'sdr (j~\), taking captive ; 
— istisdr (f~i), being easy, com- 
modious, in good order. 

gW*^ ig/'wa* (g-j), great extent ; 
abundance ; opportunity. 

^L-*^ istisdn {&~ j), sleep. 

Ws~\ istisd' (^j), wish to make a 
will ; commission. 

JU&w^ istfsdl (J-^), taking root ; 
eradicating, extirpating, destroy- 
ing. 

cW*-^ istiddh (c*j), strict inquiry, 
asking exact information. 

fU**-^ iatiddm (f-*j), offence. 

^Uoa^ isiitdn (c-^), dwelling, 
settling down in a place. 

\*t*~\ istifd' (^)i full payment, 
entire satisfaction ; exhaustive 
treatment of a matter ; (m.) 
indemnity, damages ; revenge. 

j\*4£~\ istifdr (/^), receiving or 
granting full payment. 

jto*L-\ istifdz (y^), being on the 
wing ; being always in readi- 
ness. 

^j\LtSL*\ istifdd (u**j), haste; pur- 
suit ; banishment. 

jUlol^ istifdq (<3*j), imploring the 
grace of God ; assistance. 

*>Uus-\ istiqdd (•**)), shining of the 
fire. 

tVassi-\ istiqdz (^>), waking, being 
awake ; attention, being on one's 
guard. 

gVa*x~\ istiqd 1 (£*j), anxiety ; expec- 
tation ; sharpening. 

i^^j^ istiqdf («-**$), standing, 
waiting. 

gU**-^ istiqdn (($k), knowing for 
certain, making certain of. 

5U*£~\ istiqdh (**j), obedience. 



%i*~\ istUd* ( Jj), victory ; conquest; 
dominion ; authority. 

*%~~\ istildd (^), acknowledgment 
of a child ; desire to beget. 

; U&s-.\ istCmdr (/•ty, consultation. 

(jjU2a-\ UtVmdn ((^), confidence ; 
imploring for protection. 

U&s*^ istind' ijjK), expectation. 

u-Lsx^ istfnds (<ir*\), familiarity, 
sociability ; approving (s.). 

^^ isti'ndf («-*rt), beginning. 

s-»W^ istihdb (s-fcj) asking a 
gift. 

JW&^ isti'hdl (J*ty, worthiness. 

•>W-^ asjdd, tribute ; capitation- 
tax ; tributary Jews and Chris- 
tians ; — isjdd* adoration. 

&***\ a8Jd l , rhymes, cadences, pi. 
of g^«. saj'. 

C%-*^ asjah, f. sajhd\ well propor- 
tioned. 

&*y+*~\ usju'a-t, pi. asdji\ rhymed 

prose. 
jW~»\ ashdr, mornings, pi. of j^~ 
sahar ; — ishdr, early sunrise ; 
coming early in the morning. 

jU^ ishdq, Isaac ; removal, &c., 

IV. Of (^te-). 

^>W-\ ishildniyya-t, tall, handsome 
woman. 

\ asham, f. sahmd, black ; pi. 
asdhim, horn ; cloud ; leathern 
bag for wine ; raven ; blood. 

jUx^-^ ishinfdr, swiftness ; talka- 
tiveness. 

q\}*~\ ushuwdn, *-r*y*»~\ ushub, vo- 
racious. 

&#*~\ ashiya-t, membranes of 
papyrus, &c, pi. of W- sahd and 
&W* sahdya-t, q.v. ; — ushiyya-t, 
parchment. 

*-*Vab-\ ishdf, imbecility. 

j*ab-\ i8ham=f*&?~\ as ham. 

^t-\ ishina-t, hot fever. 

^jafc-t asha, more or most liberal. 

W-^ ashiyd\ pi. of ^at- 8a hiyy> 
liberal. 

(Ju-\) asad, i, (also n.) cause dis- 
cord, rebellion ; scold, abuse ; 
— asid, be frightened at the 
sight of a lion ; have the 



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Ju*\ 



41 



W 



courage of a lion ; — n. and iv. 

. set a dog at another animal ; — 
v. be angry, be like a lion ; — 
x. be as a lion ; show courage 
against anybody ; (pass.) be ir- 
ritated against (^ 'ala) ; grow 
vigorously in all directions 
(plant). 

a-\ a8ad, f . S , pi. usd, daud 9 dsdd, 
usud, wddn, ma'sadat, lion; — 
amdd, who hits on the right 
thing, goes straight on ; — 8 
asida-t, (sheep-)f old ; — asidda-t, 
pi. of ju sadd, bodily defect, 
impediment. 

J\ju.^ aeddl, curtains, &c, pi. of 
JiA- 8adU. 

<^ju.\ isdardn, the shoulders. 

t-*4~^ aada/, black. 

Jju.\ a«cfaZ, pi. st*<faZ, hanging 
down ; — asdul, veils, pi. of Ja~ 

i3±~\ amdiyy, like a lion ; — 
aadiyy, usdiyy, warp ; — * a«- 
<%o-£, warps, &c, pi. of i\±~ 
8addt> q.v. 

(j~\) asar, i, inf. asr, tie, bind; 
take captive ; create strong and 
powerful ; — pass, suffer from 
dysury ; — n. tie up ; — v. in- 
quire for the reasons of any- 
thing; — x. take captive; be- 
come a prisoner; addict one's 
self entirely. 

j»\ asr 9 strap, rope; sinew; a^-W , 
lit. (the camel) with its rope, 
i.e. all, the whole of;— wr, 
detention; Jj*tt y*\ usr al-bul 9 
dysury ; — usur, straps, &c, pi. 
of ji+\ isdr ; — asarr, hollow ; 
excellent ; familiar friend ; f . 
8arrd' 9 joy, prosperous condition ; 
— 5 usra-t, pi. war, strong coat 
of mail ; fortress ; relationship ; 
kin ; — asirra-t 9 pi. of ^~ sirr, 
8ivrr 9 line in the palm of the 
hand ; 8urr, umbilical cord ; jU-» 
airdr, line in the palm of the 
hand or on the forehead ; £y 
sarvr, throne, sofa, &c. 

\j~\ usard 9 , captives, pi. of j**\ aavr ; 



— isrd\ travelling by night, &c., 

iv. of (& r ). 
)\y*\ asrdr, secrets, &c., pi. of y* 

sirr ; — isrdr, keeping secret, Ac, 

iv. of (j~). 
g\y~\ isrd\ haste, acceleration. 
«jL-\ isrdf, dissipation, squander- 
ing- 
J**V^ avrdfil, the angel of death. 
JiM , Sj\r^ wd'U, &$)x*\ isrd'in, 

Israel. 
v>7^ usrub, aarub (Pers.), lead ; — 

V5 U8wibiyy, leaden. 
g^ asra\ swifter, swiftest, comp. 

of gfc/- aari*. 
tj^ aara 9 nobler, more generous ; 

pi. of y#*\ aatr 9 captive. 
\>j~\ asriyd', liberal men ; — hj~>\ 

aariya-t, canals for irrigation, pi. 
. of ^y* aariyy, q.v. 
u ^»\ asas, foundation ; — usus, pi. 

of {j^A aada 9 id. 
W a*cr#, long-footed. 
fi>~\ astdr, lines, &c, pi. of J*~ 

aafr, satar ; — iafdr, iatdra^i, 

story, fable, see^W asftir, 
J-k-\ iatabl=J±°* istabl, stable, 

q.v. 
l^aJ\ usfubba-t, oakum. 
fL\ aa\nr 9 lines, &c. pi. of }** satr, 

satar. 
^}L\ aafarldb, wiwrWb, astrolabe. 
&~\ aata', f. aa?d\ long-necked. 
jj<j4u.\ iatitqw, pi. -dt 9 element 

(<rro(xctov). 
(Ja~\ u8tumm 9 waving of the sea; 

place where bees are swarming, 

middle; nobler; right, just. 
Uk-\ vstumm&y U-! U8(wmma-t 9 

pi. asdtim, middle, core, kernel ; 

the best ; assembly. 
q\]»*\ ustuwdn, high; long-necked ; 

— 8 Mtuwdna-t, pi. asdtin, column, 

pillar; cylinder; penis of an 

animal; Zif—%\ Jrt ahlu- 

'l-uatuwdna-t, Stoics ; — <^ uatu- 

wdniyy, cylindrical. 
Ja~\ uatur, 8 u8tUra-t 9 also iafdr 9 

i8tdra-t 9 pi. asdfir, story, tale, 

fable, romance. 

6 



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42 



J-l 



Jjk-\ i^/^ (ordXos), pi. asdtil, 
fleet. 

*>W»\ is'dd 9 making happy or 

prosperous. 
j\mJ\ as'dr, prices, &c., pi. of f~ 
ni'r. 

Si\*J\ ig'dfa-t, imbibing by the 
nose, inhaling; causing to do 
so. 

u\*~\ ia'af, help, assistance. 

«*«J as'ad, more fortunate, hap- 
pier, comp. of «**«- m'id ; scab ; 
mange. 

p~\ as'ar, lean, thin, meagre. 

q\a»\ asgdn, bad food, bad victuals. 

(c-A-\) asif, a, inf. asaf, be very 
sad, be angry ; — rv. render sad, 
irritate ; — v. grieve ; sigh. 

*-A~\ asaf, grief, sorrow ; — deif, 
asif, sorrowful, angry ; f . asifa-t, 
bad soil. 

V&-\ U8afd', pi. of atif, sad, <fcc. 

j\A~\ asfdr, travellers, pi. of jh* 
idfir ; journeys, pi. of f~ safar ; 
books, pi. of yu rifr ; — isfdr, 
splendour ; twilight ; dawn of 
the morning. 

$\^~\ asfardj, asparagus. 

gA-\ asfa\ reddish black ; al- 
asfa 1 , buffalo ; hawk ; f . safd\ 
pi. gi-. 8uf> a kind of ring-dove; 
tripod. 

Ja~^ asfaly f. sufla, pi. asdJU, 
low, lower, inferior; al-asdfil, 
rabble ; asfal as-sdfilin, the 
damned ; f. sufla, diabolic 
magic. 

y*>*\ asfan, (m.) wedge. 

gU&~\ isfandj, spinage. 

E^M Ufunj (<nroyyos), sponge ; a 
kind of pastry ; — ^ iafunjiyy, 
spongy. 

1**aJ\ isfanfj aromatic wine. 

qV*^ isfahdn, Ispahan. 

<jfc-\ asfa, f. safwd', safyd, good 
ambler; stupid; having a few 
hairs falling over the forehead. 

^juA~\ tifiddj, white lead, ceruse 
(used as paint by women). 

VUL.\ isqdf, causing to fall; mis- 
carriage ; subtraction ; discount. 



C*~\ asqah, bald. 

«-AA-\ asqaf, asquf, f. 8aqfd\ long 
and crooked ; long-necked (os- 
trich); bony; hairless; — tisquf, 
pi. asdqif y asaqifa-t, bishop 
(€7rMrK07ros) ; — h U8qufiyya-t, 
dignity of a bishop ; bishopric. 
^yu&i*\ isqanquTy Egyptian lizard. 

A«fi~\ asqiya-t, leathern vessels, pi. 
of to- 8iqd 9 ; waters, pi. of <jft~ 
Biqy ; abundantly raining clouds, 
pi. of <jft~ saqiyy. 

i^SJ\ ishdb, shoe-maker ; — 5 islcd- 
ba-t, stopper, cork. 

*jl>\£J\ askdt, remainders ; rabble ; 
moderately warm days after 
heat ; — iskdt, bidding silence, 
silence. 

<_jV£-\ islcdf, i Ad \ askaf, pi. asdhi- 
fa-t, shoe-maker, cobbler ; black- 
smith; carpenter; artisan. 

q\£~A ishdn, causing to stay ; con- 
tinuing to dwell. 

&s£~\ uskiibba-t, Z*£~\ uslcuffa-t, 
lintel. 

&£-\ iskala-t, pi. asdkil, (m.) stairs; 
ladder; harbour; scale of taxes, 
Ac. 

fl » <- \ isJeamla-t, (m.) stool, chair. 

(j£~\ askan, more quiet, more 
secure. 

s^~^ ueMb, flowing ; poured out ; 
shed ; full stream ; — S vshuba-t, 
stopper, cork. 

i^5L.\ U8kuf=u\£~\ asMf, shoe- 
maker, &c. 

f+t£~\ isMm, hood, capouche, cowl. 

(J-^) ami, aril, inf. a8al, a8ala-t, 
be oval; — n. inf. ta'sil, come 
up to the finger- tops ; sharpen ; 
— v. inf. ta'assul, resemble. 

J~\ ami, rush; a tree with long 
thorns, thorn; top of a lance, 
lance ; — S asala-t, finger-top ; 
funny-bone ; tip of the tongue ; 
penis. 

U>L>\ asldf, ancestors, pi. of «-*L. 
rnlaf ; brothers-in-law (sister's 
husbands), pi. of «-AL* silf; — 
isldf 9 paying in advance. 



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-\ 



(&~\ islam, submission to the will 

of God; humbling one's self; 

Islamism. 
**A~>\ aslat, f . saltd\ having the nose 

cut off ; f . a woman who has not 

painted her finger-tops. 
&+X*\ asliha-ty arms, weapons, pi. 

of t^-» sildh. 
U-t aslaf, more eloquent ; pert. 
fX*\ aslam, f . svlma, more secure, 

safer ; in better condition ; more 

regular. 
v^-i usWby pi. a,8dlib f way; course ; 

manner, style, method ; length. 
&jM uslufa-t, affinity by marriage 

of sisters and brothers. 
f*~\ ism, pL asmd\ asdm-in, asd- 

miyy, asmdwdt, name, noun. 
JU-\ asmdly pi. rags. 
y+~\ asmwr, f. samrd\ pi. sumr, 

brown, tawny, deep yellow; 

aX-asmaVy lance ; aUasmardny 

wheat and water, the lance and 

water; as-mmrd, wheat; cake. 
&+-\ asman, fatter ; plump ; lusty. 
i j*~\ asma y more honourable; — 

ismiyy, referring to a name, to 

a noun ; — S asmiya-t, 'heavens, 

pi. of U- samd\ 
(if~\) asan, u, i, asm, A, inf. asan, 

uswiy change colour and taste ; 

— v. inf. ta'assun, remember 

things past ; tarry, delay ; take 

after one's father ; change colour 

and taste. 
Q—\ usun, pi. dsdn $ character; — 

dsin, corrupted (water). 
0— \ asann, with more or stronger 

teeth ; older ; — asunn, teeth, pi. 

of &~ sinn ; — S asinna-t, id. ; 

arrow-heads, pi. of &~ sanan. 
«>U-\ asnddy props, supports, pi. of 

Jut- sanad ; — isndd, isndda-t, pi. 

asdnid, quotation ; referring to 

an authority; relation between 

subject and predicate; imputing ; 

ascending ; causing to ascend. 
tU-.\ asndt, pi. of tU* sandf, beard- 
less. 
(j)U~\ amdn, teeth, &c., pi. of (j— 

sinn. 



&*A asna ( , great, greater; more 
beautiful. 

&±*J\ amima-t, humps of camels, 
pi. of f\i— sandm. 

ij**} a8na, higher, highest; sub- 
lime. 

W ashd\ pi. colours. 

s-»W ishdb, prolixity ; garrulity. 

JW~\ ishdl, facilitating; loosening; 
purging. 

f\&*\ ashdm, arrows, pi. of p+* 
sahm. 

oW ashdn, pi. soft sand. 

±*~\ ashady more vigilant, wider 
awake. 

(j*-\) asd, v, inf. aw, ^\ asan, 
nurse, cure ; make peace ; — 
ii. exhort to patience ; con- 
sole, and v. be consoled; — in. 
assist out of one's fortune, 
not out of one's superfluities; 
— in. console, and vi. console 
each other ; — iv. and vm. 
afford consolation by anything. 

\y~\ a8wa*y f. satt' a', bad; abomi- 
nable ; worse ; — aswd\ evils, 
pi. of j- sail' ; pi. of \y* sawd% 
equal, Ac. 

jly~\ iswdr, U8wdr 9 pi. asdwir, asd- 
vrira-t (Pers. >\y* sawdr), horse- 
man ; — uswdr, bracelet ; walls, 
pi. of j/- sur. 

Sly\ a8wdq, markets, &c, pi. of 
vJ/- s4q. 

y\f*\ aswdriy sad, sorrowful. 

oy»\ aswady f . saudd\ pi. sild, black ; 
blacker, very black ; (*>^) W*-» 
s-J^X^ sandal (aswad) aUqaTb, the 
innermost heart ; f . savdd\ gall ; 
melancholy ; original sin ; aU 
aswaddn, dates and water ; — f . 
fi pi. asdwidy black snake ; «>;l»\ 
j\jS\ asdtoid ad-ddr, household 
furniture or utensils ; — pi. 
suddn, negro ; — usawwid (dim.), 
blackish ; — usHd, lions, pi. of 
Ju\ asad ; — 8 aswida-t, dark 
objects in the distance, <£?., pL 
of <*\y* sawdd. 

tj\*y*\ aswaddnuy, blackish. 

tjtfA aswadiyy, black. 



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8j£»t amrira-t, bracelets, rings, pi. 

of )\y+ siwdr, 8uwdr. 
**Jy~\ amf, sad ; touchy. 
Jj-A as'uq, legs, pi. of jV- sdq ; — 
aswaq, f. aauqd', long-legged, 
long-shank. 
\ty~\ asvriyd 9 , pi. of v5/* sauriyy, 

equal, &c. 
(^3-)) aaa, inf. asy, reserve ; — obi, 
a, inf. rj-\ a*aw, be sad, sorrow- 
ful. 
tj-X dsi, f . fi , sad ; — dsi, y*\ ds-in, 
physician ; — im f*\ asan, sadness ; 
art of the physician ; — usan, 
patience ; — usiyy, remaining ; 
traces of old dwellings; small 
pieces of furniture or utensils ; 
— 8 dsiya-t, woman who circum- 
cises girls, undertakes cures; 
support ; pillar ; firm building. 
JW asydf, swords, pi. of «-***• 
8aif ; banks, shores, pi. of 
*-***• *lf 5 — pl- crowds of people. 
q\*~\ asy an, pi. -dn, asydndt, asdyd, 

sad, sorrowful. 
•a**^ usayyid, dim. of *>^ aswad, 

blackish. 
j#»\ asir, pi. asra, usdra, ward*, 

bound; captive; slave, 
y*-^ asis, foundation. 
«-A*-\ asif, sad ; touchy, susceptible ; 
barren, sterile ; old man ; slave ; 
client; mercenary. 
J*-\ asil, having an oval cheek or 
face ; smooth ; — also 8 asila-t, 
flux of water. 
&*~\ asma-t, pi. asdyin, character. 
v>t a4, ei, from v/-^ ei, for ^ ^ 
ayytt Say-in, how ? what ? — ate, 
dry bread. 
(v>^) aii, i, inp. ate, rise and 
bestir one's self ; = <jfca hate, 
beat down leaves. 
^V)Ui\ atebdniyy, crimson. 
l)\±\ uMba-t, pi. aSdyib, rabble ; ill- 
acquired wealth. 
£*Aa\ asdji 1 , pi. of £**\ asja', brave, 

&c. 
cU\ ii(iA, ?^iaA, leathern belt. 
5*>U\ isdda-t, raising one's voice; 
announcement; building. 



SjlaA iidra-t, pointing to; sign, 
signal ; advice ; command ; al- 
lusion. 

v>^ aidi, I aidia-t, merriment. 

le\jb>\ isd l a-t, making public, di- 
vulging. 

^W asdft, awls, pi. of i ^»\ 
aSfan. 

p\Jb>\ aS'am, ill-omened ; pi. ate'im, 
the unfortunate ; f . su'ma, the 
left hand. 

ut>^UA aidwdi, things, Ac, pi. of 
^ 4ai f , te. 

•i^W aSdwiz, form, figure. 

SjU\ aidwa-t, ^w aidwi, ^W 
aidyd, things, Ac, pi. of ^ 

(s-^) aia&, i, u, inp. aib, blame ; 

— i, mix, entwine ; — a£b, a, 
inf. aJdb, be thickly grown 
(tree) ; — n. entwine ; set people 
one against another; — v. viii. 
be thickly grown ; be mixed up, 
mingled. 

s-^ aSab, complication; discord; 

— atib, complicated ; thickly 
grown ; s-^ fj> yawm, atib, day 
of battle ; — & uJba-t, wolf. 

C^ aJbdh, indistinct objects in a 
distance, &c, pi. of &*> Sabh. 

j\t*\ aibdr, spans, pi. of y**> £br. 

£\**>\ iibd 1 , satiating, satisfying ; 
insertion of a letter of pro- 
longation. 

{ j\^k\ uibdniyy, with red cheeks, 
moustaches. 

i\**\ aibah, similitudes, &c. pi. of 
&«a 4ibh, iabah ; — itibdh, re- 
sembling, resemblance, iv. of 

(MO. 

&**\ aSbah, more alike, more 
similar. 

ia>U*\ aMt, pi. of «^» tatt, dis- 
persed, &c. 

*jj\*aft.\ istibdk, being entwined, 
complicated ; confusion, mix- 
ture. 

5\*sM titibdh, resemblance, simi- 
litude ; ambiguity ; doubt ; 
scruple. 



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r* 



*\*za\ Utiddd, violence ; strength ; 
making compact, tight. 

\jr*\ %Mrd\ buying. 

yf*\ ittirdr, chewing the cud. 

gV^ titird', legislation. 

^S\jSa\ istirdk, companionship ; re- 
ception into a society. 

jV^sM uMurgdz, thistle. 

JUxM Uti l o% inflammation; con- 
flagration ; grey-headedness. 

JUam titigdl, occupation. 

\***\ idtifd\ recovery. 

jUxM titiqdq, derivation of a word 
from another word or a root. 

y£**\ titikd', complaint, lamenta- 
tion; reproach. 

t&*±\ iJtildq, (m.) surmise, sup- 
position. 

JUx*\ iJtitndl, containing, com- 
prising. 

\&*\ i&tihd\ appetite ; desire. 

SoV$iM i&ihddo-t, testimony. 

}\&*>\ UtiMr, being known, re- 
nowned, fame ; publication ; 
divulging. 

jl*x*\ i&iydq, longing for, yearning, 
desire. 

&ez±\ itiiya-t, winters, pi. of Vae> 
tiid\ 

g*\ asajj, with a broken skull; 
with a scar on the forehead. 

j\+u\ aijdr, trees, pi. of y+* iajar. 

j+*\ adjar, f . 4ajrd\ abundant ; f . 

(s.) plant with a stalk, tree. 
£**\ ajja', f . Jajd', pi. dvju 1 , tijd', 
fajdyi 1 , brave, courageous ; lion; 
swift, quick ; very long ; time ; a 
poisonous snake. 

fj+M a£ja 9 more sorrowful. 

V*a\ a&hhd', &+A aiihha-t, pi. of 
Co*** iahih, miserly, avaricious, 
Ac. 

V />W^\ aJhds, persons, &c., pi. of 

,ȣ*\ aiham, getting grey (hair) ; 
without vegetation. 

jjA aSadd, more violent, stronger 
harder, used to form compara- 
tives ; — ahidd, uhtdd, strength ; 
vigour of life. 



U*V a&ddd', pi. of *J* tadid, 
strong, &c. 

j\a^\ aiddq, corners of the mouth, 
&C, pi. of JiW* Hdq, fadq. 

Z±*\ aSdah, vast, spacious. 

*J**\ aSdaf, f. tadfd', left-handed; 
maimed of hand or arm; lean- 
ing to one side; strongly bent 
(bow). 

£&*\ addaq, f. dadqd, pi. fudq, with 
large corners of the mouth ; glib, 
fluent, eloquent. 

(j*t) afar, v, inp. a$r, saw; — i, 
inf. air, file old teeth so as to 
become sharp ; — atir, a, inp. 
aiar, be merry, jolly; shine 
(lightning) ; — n. file the teeth ; 
— iv. saw ; — viii., x. have one's 
teeth filed. 

f\ air, aiar, boisterous merri- 
ment ; wantonness ; — aiar, 
vJur, pi. uiur, sharpness and 
polish of the teeth ; — asir, 
aiur, pi. -wn, and uiur, jolly, 
boisterously merry ; — iir, ui- 
ra-t, pi. uiar, a toothed blade 
(saw) ; — aiarr, f . surra, worse, 
more or most wicked (comp. of 
jtj* iarxr) ; — 8 aiira-t, woman 
with filed teeth. 

\j*\ aiirrd 9 , pi. of wt/> iarir, bad, 
wicked ; — pi. of ^jtA airan, 
region ; district. 

v»V^ ifrdbf admixture of a dif- 
ferent colour ; impregnating ; 
watering. 

j\j*\ airwr, pi. of /» iarr and ^ 
iarvr, wicked, &c. ; — $ iirdra-t, 
large herd of camels. 

£\j*\ aird 1 , sails, &c., pL of £\y* 
iard'; divine laws, pi. of **/• 
iir l a-t. 

U>\^\ airdf, pi. of Uty* iarif, 
noble, &c. ; projecting parts of 
the body (ear, nose). 

j\^ iirdq, rising of the sun ; 
shining, flashing, resplendent. 

d\j*\ airdk, companionships, &c., 
pi. of **Jyfc iirk; companions, 
&c. pi. of ***j* iarik; — iirdk, 
giving companions to God. 



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q\j**\ ahdn, pi. aMri, brisk, 
sprightly. 

*»/•* as'riba-t, drinks, &c, pi. of 
s-'V' tardb. 

u*/^ aira*, bad, evil ; quarrelsome ; 
lion; hard, difficult; f. iarm, 
hard ground ; bright cloud. 

Lj*\ a4ra{, very contemptible, vile. 

£j*\ a&ra\ prolonged, lengthened; 
more excellent. 

<*Jj*\ a&raf, f. 4arfd\ pi. hvrf, 
high, sublime ; nobler, of nobler 
origin ; prolonged ; with battle- 
ments ; bat ; f . long ear ; — ^ 
atrafiyy, a gold coin. 

dj*\ afruk, straps, bootlaces, pi. 
of d\jt* sirdk. 

fjM a&ram, with a maimed nose ; 
(m.) blunt; (j>U-2\ ^\ a&ram 
al-aJndn, gap-toothed. 

«.5^ aJra, more impetuous; — S 
airiya-t, pi. of v5> 6> 4ir-an, bar- 
gain. 

j^\ aszar, f. iazrd\ red, reddish; 
looking askance. 

^U*\ a&dr, hair, pi. of f*> SaSr, 
Ja'ar; poems, &c., pi. of f± 
ti'r. 

gU*\ U'd 1 , shining, resplendent. 

JUaA ii'ai, setting on fire, kindling. 

s-**t a&ah, broad in the shoulders ; 
having the horns distant from 
one another. 

*±+**\ aS'as, f. 4a l sd\ pi. 4u's, di- 
shevelled ; dispersed ; pole. 

fJ& afar, f . 4a c rd\ pi. Mr, hairy, 
woolly ; well overgrown ; more 
intelligent, judicious ; more po- 
etical ; f . ugly ; bad ; fur ; crowd ; 
— 5 a#ira-t, pi. of jU* ti'dr, 
underclothing, <fcc. 

(2*M a&an, dishevelled. 

J«M ati"a-t, rays, &c, pi. of £* 
6u" and gU* &&'. 

JUa\ aSgdl, affairs, Ac, pi. of J*a 
6uql. 

SJytM u4gula4, work, occupation. 

^3*^ afya, f. sagwd\ s'agyd', pi. 
/itgFf0 9 unequal, splay (teeth), 
crooked ; f . eagle. 



)\l*\ aSfdr, edges, &c., pi. of y* 
hrfr, iafr. 

jVam a^ogr, twilights, &c, pi. of 
ij** fafaq ; — i&fdq, being on 
one's guard; fearing and shun- 
ning ; having compassion with. 

&**>\ aSfahy with a large mouth, 
large lips. 

tjAM atfa, more salutary, more 
efficacious; — iff -an, pi. aSdfiyy, 
aidfi, awl ; punch ; — 8 aSfiya-t, 
pi. of Vaai £fd\ medicine. 

<3*\ a4aqq, f. Saqqd, pi. 4vqq, ba- 
lancing in walking ; long-footed ; 
long ; — uUaq, ammoniac (Pers.). 

jfr\ atqar, f . 4aqrd\ of a bright red ; 
f . fire. 

J^Mi\ asqardniyy, (m.) reddish. 

\<&>\ atiqiyd 9 , pi. of <J& 4aqiyy 9 
miserable, wretched. 

\&>\ i4hd\ complaining, lamenting. 

Jl£M aSkdl, shapes, figures, &c., 
pi. of J** kM. 

)£±\ uSJcuzz, saddle-strap; a sea 
animal. 

J*M aSkal, f. 4akld\ pi. hikl, of 
mixed colour ; more alike, more 
similar; more doubtful, obscurer, 
more difficult ; more handsome ; 
mountain lotus; f. want, need; 
— I adkala-t, difficulty; want, 
need ; prettiness ; similarity, 
resemblance ; manner ; moun- 
tain lotus. 

J*\ aiall, f . Salld, with a maimed 
hand ; blind ; — S atiUa-t, clothes 
worn under coats of mail, &c, 



pi. of JelA salU. 



a£ld\ limbs, &c, pi. of jl* 

Hlw. 
(f>*\) aHm, a, inf. atom, cause 

pain. 
j*m aSamm, f. famtnd', pi. 4wmm, 

with a straight nose; proud, 

haughty; f. highest mountain 

ridge ; wind from above. 
«t>UA\ iimdt, rejoicing at another's 

misfortune. 
Wa\ a6mat, f. iamta, pi. hmt, 

iumtdn, turning grey. 
«3+M ahtaq, bloody foam. 



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47 



W 



J*M ahnul, pi. of JU* famdl, left 
hand or side. 

jtyu&t ismCzdz, shudder ; cramp ; 
disgust. 

(o*^) ; — ii- inf. fo'im, wash 
one's hands with q\j*\ ihidn, 
u&ndn, alkali ; — 2 uma-t, moss 
of trees. 

s-**^ aJnab, f. iwmbd\ with fine, 
fresh teeth ; f. pomegranate 
without grains. 

£**\ aJna', f . San l d\ horrid, hide- 
ous ; disastrous ; more or most 
vile, shocking, comp. of £***» 
sanV. 

*\q*\ athdd, witnesses, pi. of •xfcU 
ddhid\ — tihdd, taking to wit- 
ness ; attesting ; bringing proof. 

s-**M ashab, f. sahbd, white and 
black, grey ; glittering ; barren ; 
misfortune ; aUaJhab, lion ; pig ; 

— aihnb, brilliant stars, &c, pi. 
of «-r»V» tihdb. 

jq*\ ashar, more renowned; al- 

aShardn, drum and flag ; — aihur, 

months, pi. of j& Jahr. 
<j&\ atiha, more or most desirable ; 

more or most desirous. 
jV^ aiwdq, desires, &c, pi. of 

Jj* sauq. 
jjM as'waz, haughty. 
u*y^ aJwas, pi. £us, \j>^ afwas, f . 

dausd\ blinking, squinting. 
£jM aiwa\ f. Saw'd', pi. Su\ rough, 

rugged, shaggy. 
vjy»\ aSwaq, pi. itiq, desirous. 
*s)^ aSwak, f. saukd', hard, stiff. 
»jM afaoahy L 4auhd\ ugly, and, by 

opposition, handsome ; proud ; 

with the evil eye ; long and swift 

(horse), fiery. 
(<j*t) aJa 9 1, inf. oiy, invent (lies) ; 

— aii, a, inf. as-an, want, be in 
need of ( J\ aid) ; — rv. cure (a 
broken bone). 

{ J>>\ atiyy, white spot on the fore- 
head (of a horse). 

\**\ a$yd\ Vfcl^M aSydyd, *ju\^Jb& 
afydwdt, things, pi. of ^ 4ay\ 

g\e*>\ a&yd\ amounts, <fcc., pi. of 



ge* fai', 4P; — troops of fol- 
lowers, &c, pi. of &***» 4Va-t. 

fWM asydm, f. daimd\ pi. iim, 
with a mole ; with a black spot ; 
black. 

*-r+<A\ aSydb, f. &a\bd\ pi. iifc, suyub, 
white-haired, white ; as -sib, the 
days of hoar-frost; Wo* &J 
ZaiZal iat&u, last night of the 
lunar month. 

&**\ asyah, injuring by the evil 
eye. 

(sJ> v ^??> i> u, inf. <m, break into 
pieces; press flat and smooth; 
be strong, have firm flesh; 
yield much milk; throng; — i, 
shine, flash ; — n. strengthen, 
make firm; — v., vin. gather, 
assemble (n.). 

i/>\ iss, ass, uss 9 pi. astis, root, 
foundation. 

W asd, see (y\) 9 (vj^)« 

$\*\ asdbi', &*\*\ asdbi', fingers, pi. 
of &*\ asba'j &c. 

S^o\ isdba-t, a hitting shot ; right 
aiming; sound judgment; recti- 
tude. 

s-****^ asdhtb, companions, <fcc, pi. 
of s-*»^ sdhib. 

a\*\ isdd, low ground with stagnat- 
ing water between mountains. 

j*>U>\ asddiq, true friends, pi. of 
<3jJu> sadiq. 

jM dsdr, compacts, <fcc, pi. of y\ 
isr, usr ; — isdr, pi. usur, dsira-t, 
tent-rope ; tent-peg. 

fi\*\ asdrim, (Hj\*\ asdrim, crowds, 
<fcc., pi. of fyo sirm. 

^W asds, foundations, &c., pi. of 

s-J»^ asdtib, JU*\ asdtil, stables, 

pi. of J*W is^aiZ. 
^M asdgir, I asdgira-t, pi. of yfc©\ 

as gar, smaller, &c. 
JU\ as^J, evenings, pi. of J**\ 

a?i£ ; — I isdla-t, firmness ; what 

is original ; high lineage ; real 

tenure of an office (not as a 

substitute). 
*Jti\*\ asdlif, pi. of s-*M ashf, bard 

and barren. 



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<J*W asdliq, plain fields, pi. of <jU 

salaq. 
JM asd'il, evenings, pi. of J*ct 

astl, i asila-t. 9 

s-~ \ asb-in, {J ^>\ asbi, youths, pi. 

of ^j*-* sabiyy. 
W-^ asbd'y east winds, pi. of W-> 
sab-an. 

tW asbdh, mornings, pi. of &* 
subh ; — isbdh, dawning ; dawn. 

j**\ asbar, more patient (<Jk* <ala). 

fr*\ asba\ asbi', asbu' ; isba', isbi', 
isbu'; tisba', usbi', usbu\ pi. 
asdbi', asdbi 1 , finger; digit; 
benefit. 

£**\ asbag, f . sabgd, with a white 
top of the ear, the tail, Ac; 
wetted and soiled; violent tor- 
rent. 

&**f*+\ asbuha-t, dawn of the morn- 
ing, early morning. 

£y*~\ usbu 1 , pi. asdbi 1 , asdbtf, finger; 
digit. 

&***\ asbiya-t, youths, pi. of ^j*-© 
sabiyy. 

(va~^) asat, i, inp. ast, be without 
vegetation. 

C-°\ asahh, truer ; more genuine, Ac, 
pi. of e**x° sahih ; — S asihha-t, 
pi. of c^** sahdh, whole, com- 
plete. 

\+A asihhd', pi. of £**« sahih, true, 
Ac. 

v>V^ ashdb, companions, Ac., pi. 
of s-^^» sahib ; — ishdb, follow- 



ing. 
cW ishdh, pi. -a£, chapter (m.) ; — 

making sound, Ac., iv. of £* 

sahh. 
j^o\ ashar, f . sahrd 9 , white mingled 

with red ; yellow ; aUashar, lion ; 

f. sahrd, pi. sahdra, sahdri 9 

sahrdwdt, suhar, desert, wilder- 
ness. 
J^ ashal, hoarse, with a rough 

voice. 
(«**t) asad; — n. cloth with the 

8ao^ usda-t, q.v. ; — iv. lock. 
xo\ asadd, pi. sudad, turned enemy ; 

— 8 isda-t, pi. isad, place of as- 



sembly ; -— usda-t, short chemise 

for a girl. 
£±~\ isddr, issuing (an order, Ac.) ; 

leading back from the watering 

place. 
£\±*\ asddg, temples and A hair 

thereon, pi. of £ju> svdg. 
*J)**\ asddf, shells, shell-fish, Ac, 

pi. of «-i*w sadaf. 

C^ asdah, screamer, brawler ; 

lion. 
y**\ asdar, with a broad, strong 

chest. 
t**\ asdag, du. asdagcvn, the arteries 

of the temples. 
J^ asdaq, truer, Ac, comp. of 

<3*^ sadiq. 

\*±*\.asdiqd 9 , true friends, pi. of 
(J**** sadiq. 

p>*\ asdam, bald. 

(j~\) asar, i, inp. asr, tie up with 
the rope j\*\ isdr ; shut up and 
retain ; break into pieces ; make 
one well disposed to another ; — 
in. be a neighbour; — vi. be 
each other's neighbour ; — vin. 
be abundant and grow high 
(plants) ; be thickly overgrown ; 
be numerous. 
y\ i?r, usr, pi. dsdr, isrdn, com- 
pact ; league ; obligation by 
oath; piercing the ear; burden; 
sin; — usur, ropes, pL of ; U\ 



isdr ; — asarr, f . sarrd', hard ; 
— S dsira-t, pi. awdsir, womb ; 
consanguinity ; favour ; claim ; 
ropes, pi. of ; U isdr ;—asirra-t, 
pi. of fa sirdr, q.v. 
fy\ isrdr, perseverance, Ac, iv. of 

*j*\ asrad, colder; sharper (eye- 
sight). 

pp\ asram, poor with a large 
family; aUasmardn, day and 
night ; wolf and raven ; f . sarmd\ 
waterless desert ; milkless camel ; 
cooking-vessel. 

i3j*\ isirra, asirri, firm resolution. 
jWM isfibdr, patience, toleration. 



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A 



J*W isfabl, pi. asdfib, asdfil, 
asdbU, isfabldt, stable. 

&*W usfubba-t, oakum. 

*&}a*>\ isfurak, isfraq, storax. 

s-^^W isfarldb, astrolabe. 

\&*>\ istifd', choice, selection. 

C*L-\ isfildh, 8 isfildla-t, pi. -at, re- 
conciliation ; emendation ; techni- 
cal meaning of a word, idiom ; — 
iS isfildhiyy, in a technical sense. 

j)Ma*\ istildq, clamour, noise. 

&+!+c\ ustumma-t (also ustumma-t, 
ustumma-t, ustumma-t), (stagnat- 
ing) sea water. 

£Ua*l istind', artificiality; affecta- 
tion; invention. 

•>VJa«\ istiydd, hunting, fishing. 

w«**t os'a&, more or most difficult. 

Uu\ isgd', friendly reception ; con- 
sent; attention. 

yu\ asgar, pi. asdgir, asdgira-t, 
asgarun, smaller, very small ; 
younger son ; al-asgardn, heart 
and tongue ; — f . <,$£* sugra, pL 
sugar ; as-sugra, the minor term 
in a logical proposition. 

*JL*\ asaf, Asaph, Solomon's vizier ; 
the grand vizier ; a pasha having 
rank of such. 

\*A asfd 9 , large rocks, pi. of &&* 
safdt. 

J»\ asfar, f . safrd\ yellow, black ; 
al-asfardn, gold and saffron; 
al-asfar, the Byzantines; as- 
sufr'd 9 , gold ; gall ; bee ; — 
asfar, emptier; more whistling 
or singing. 

^yu\ isftrdr, yellowness ; pallor. 

tju\ asfa, f . safwd?, purer, clearer ; 
f . rock. 

WM asfiyd, pi. of «j&-» ?qfiyy, pure, 
clear. 

£&o\ asqahi, f . saqfrd', bald. 

jLc\ asqar, containing more sugar. 

g&A asqa 1 , f. saq'd 9 , with a white 
spot on the head ; f . the sun. 

(J*\) asl, pi. usul, dsul, root, 
origin; material; JWN J*\ asl 
aUmdl, capital, stock of trade; 
aUusUl, the elements, rudiments, 



principal parts ; asUan, with 
negative, not at all ; — asal, 
snake with a venomous breath ; 
— asil, uprooted ; rooted firmly ; 

— ffful, evenings, pi. of J*-*^ 
asil ; — S asala-t, root ; snake ; — 
also isla-t, totality ; — asla-t, the 
whole of a property. 

J*t asal, inf. asl, touch or injure 
the root; kill; rush upon; — 
asil, inf. asal, get corrupted, 
foul (water, meat) ; — asul, inf. 
asdla-t, be firmly rooted, stand 
firm; be excellent; have a firm 
character, a noble origin; — n. 
inf. ta'sil, root firmly (a.) ; con- 
sider as firm of character and of 
noble origin ; — rv. inf. isdl, 
come in the evening ; — iv., v. 
inf. ta'assul, be firmly rooted ; 

— x. inf. isWsdl, istisdl, root; 
uproot ; extirpate, destroy. 

tW isldh, correction, emendation ; 
rectitude. 

^%o\ asldl, rains, &c. pi. of J- sill, 
q.v.' 

t)W usldn, evenings, pi. of J*«A 
asil. 

ijko\ aslatiyy, energetic. 

gM aslaj, hard and smooth ; deaf. 

f±*\ aslah, better, best. 

£M aslah, deaf, f. salhd', mangy 
(camel). 

jJLc\ aslad, hard, miserly. 

gU\ asla', f. saVd 9 , pi. su% suVdn, 
bald ; bare (ground) ; shining 
(weapon); f. misfortune, cala- 
mity. 

%JLA aslaf, pi. asdlif, saldfi, hard 
and barren; more fruitless, to 
less purpose. 

f*Le\ aslam, whose ears have been 
cut off, maimed ; al-aslam, flea. 

«JU asliyy, noble ; original ; radi- 
cal ; — 5 asliyya-t, root (of words). 

<A*fiLo\ islit, polished and sharp. 

p*\ asamm, f. sammd 9 , pi. summ, 
summdn, deaf ; inexpressible ; 
massive, solid, not resounding; 
p+\ J** fi'l asamm, verb whose 

7 



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o\ 



50 



U\ 



second and third radicals are 
the same ; f . hard ground ; cala- 
mity. 

*\ ismit, 8 ismita-t, silent and 
waste (desert). *'* 

£+*\ asmah, brave, bold. 

£*fc-*-^ asmiha-t, ears (their cavi- 
ties), pi. of £U<» samdh, simdJ}. 

g**>\ asm a 1 , f. sam'd', pi. sum', 
ascending ; vivacious ; bold ; in- 
solent, and, by opposition, dumb- 
founded; sword; small and 
delicate ; pL sum'dn, the longest 
feather in the wing. 

fcj*-o\ usmuh, canal of the ear; 
ear. 

y\ usun, pi. ropes of a tent. 

\^o\ asnd, equals, brothers of the 
same mother, Ac, pi. of y*> sinw, 
sunto. 

w*Uc\ asndf, forms, kinds, pi. of 
cJUo sanf, sinf. 

p\j*o\ asndm, idols, statues, pi. of 
(*** sanam. 

q\Lo\ isndn, iv. of ((£*), q.v. 

*r*&>\ ashab, f. sakbd, pi. suhb, red, 
bay (camel, horse) ; blond : s-*e* 
jC~W suhbu- 1 's-sibdl, with yellow 
moustaches, the Greeks; aUashab, 
lion ; as-sakbd', white wine. 

(yo\) asd, u, inf. asw, grow plenti- 
ful and close together. 

\y*\ aswd 9 , hills, Ac, pi. of iy> 
suwwa-t. 

i&>\yo\ aswdt, voices, &c, pi. of *a>j* 
saut. 

$lo\ aswd 9 , pi. of #- sd c , q.v. 

%^j*\ aswdf, fleeces, Ac, pi. of «-ij* 

jyA aswar, inclined; — 8 aswira-t, 
pi. of j\yo siwcvr, Ac, grain of 
musk ; perfume. 

£yo\ aswu\ pi. of £U sd', q.v. 

^jfo\ aswaf, woolly. 

Jyo\ usul, roots, Ac, pL of J*\ asl; 

— ^ usuliyy, original ; radical ; 
fundamental; erudite. 

yyo\ aswan, who preserves better ; 

— 8 asunna-t, cloth - presses, 
wardrobes, Ac., pi. of y\y> 
§awdn 9 Ac. 



^A) asd, i, inf. asy, be very 
fat ; — ii. pass, be difficult ; 

— 8 dsiya-t, syrup of dates ; 
relationship ; favour ; continual 
misfortune. 

.x*«\ asyad, better for hunting ; 
bearing one's head high, proud ; 
king ; lion ; f . saidd 9 , hard, 
rugged ground ; Sidon. 

J-s-o\ asil, pi. usul, dsdl, asd'il, 
usldn, evening (between y>* ( asr, 
q.v., and sunset) ; — asil, firmly 
rooted; firm of character and 
energetic ; hereditary ; noble ; 
death ; — 8 asila-t, pi. asd 9 il, even- 
ing ; death ; totality ; the whole 
of the property. 

Jh*\ usaildl, qXA usaildn, short 
evening, dim. of J**A asil. 

VMk-^ usaihib, dim. of s-*^ ashab, 
stupid. 

(<j^) ad$, inf. add, vex, torment, 
grieve; force to take refuge 
with (,J\ ila) ; break into pieces ; 

— i., in. run to its nest (os- 
trich) ; — viii. seek ; beat ; be 
forced, obliged ; force, oblige. 

(u*ty i44* origin ; root. 

\A add 9 , field of pebble ground ; — 
8 addt, pi. adun, adwdt, adydt, 
idd', pond, swamp ; — idd'a-t, 
lighting up, illumination. 

jtfU\ addbir, pi. of 8,V*-6 ffldra-t, 
troop, company. 

^U\ addhi, lambs for sacrifice, 
pi. of h*A udhiyya-t. 

i^\A addkik, jests, witty sayings, 

SI. of &j***>\ udhuka-t. 
w >\ iddd, refuge. 
fcUt i<jdfa-t, addition; junction; 

reference; attribute. 
^\A iddfiyy, additional ; relative ; 

dependent on. 
g3U\ addli 1 , ribs, sides (as of a 

triangle), Ac, pi. of ^ #Z% 

dila 1 . 
J*M addlil, errors, pi. of &}*\ 

uifiMa-t. 
l+\A %4dma-t, injury. 
p*»\A aidmxm, leaves (stitched 



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together) ; troops (of people, 

&c), pi. of &*U*\ idmdma-V * 
*-4?U\ add'if, guests, pi. of <-M 

daif. 
s-^ adubb, pi. of s-* dabb, lizard. 
*±>W-^ adbds, pi. hands, paws. 
l£**\ adbdra-t, idbdra-t, leaves 

stitched together, pamphlet. 
£W*t idjd', inclining, reclining, 

lying down. 
p+*\ adjam, wry, awry (nose, 

mouth). 
3W*^ adhdt, pi. Js^*^ adha, lamb 

sacrificed at the hour <j*± 

duhan. 
iS^A udhuka-tj pi. addhih, jest, 

witty saying ; ridiculous thing, 
o^ ocfta, later; — arfAd, see 8W^ 

adhdt above; — 8 udhiyya-t, pi. 

addhiyy, lamb for a sacrifice ; — 

(&W*!±\)*«5*^ *W laila-tidhiyya-t 

(idhiydna-t), serene night. 
(*ai*t\ adham, larger, bulkier; very 

large, bulky, comp. of f*&* 

dahim. 
&*ja*4\ udhiima-t, artificial buttocks, 

hip-improvers. 
*>W\ adddd, contraries, opposites, 

pi. of •*<* didd, dudd. 
y*\ adurr, misfortunes, losses, &c, 

pi. of \j* darrd' ; — adr-in, see ^jjA 

adri. 
\j*\ adirrd 9 , pi. of ]lj*> darir, who 

has become blind, <fcc. 
s^V*^ <*4rdb, pi. of v»/* darb, con- 
temporary ; equal ; — idrdb, tak- 
ing back. 
j\j*\ adrdr, injuries, hurts, pi. of 

)y* darar. 
p\j*\ idrdm, setting on fire, con- 
flagration. 
tj*jA adras, dumb. 
£j*\ adra'y submissive ; f . dar'd 9 , 

with large udders. 
<3j*\ adri (v*t adr-in), sporting 

dogs, pi. 01 p* <jirw, ^^ dar-an. 
tfjA idfyj, red colour ; red silk ; 

yellow garment ; courser. 
y*\ adazz, malicious, prone to 

anger. 
^A^A idfirdb, disquieting, dis- 



quietude; violent emotion of 
any kind ; perplexity. 

j\jL&\ idfirdr, necessity ; force, con- 
straint, violence ; extreme mi- 
sery ; despair ; — ^ idfirdriyy, 
forced to. 

p\}*b\ idfirdm, inflammation, con- 
flagration. 

**JUM id{indk, misfortune, cala- 
mity. 

«AeL&\ idfihdd, bad treatment, per- 
secution, oppression. 

u\*A ad ( df, double quantities, &c.» 
pi. ofUbt* di l f, q.v. 

«-A*-&\ ad l af, weaker, weakest ; most 
humble, comp. of *-**** da'if. 

J*^ adkal, poor and naked. 

J-^ adall, more erring, more wan- 
dering out of one's way. 

£U\ adld\ ribs, &c., pi. 6f gU diV, 
dila*. 

JW adldl, pi. of J* dill, abject, 
reprobate, worthless. 

£*\ adla 1 , pi. &* duV, big and 
strong ; with large teeth ; — adlu', 
ribs, pi. of £* diVj dila'. 

JBjW udldla-t, pi. J*JU addlil, err- 
ing, error. 

(^) adim, A., inf. adam, be angry ; 
practice malice against (*r> bi) ; 
bite and kick. 

pA adam, pi. adamdt, anger, envy. 

JuA idmdr, thought, idea ; plotting ; 
concealing in one's mind ; what is 
left understood ; rendering the 
second letter of a foot quiescent, 
when it has a vowel. 

£*U-^ idmdma-t, pi. addmim, leaves 
stitched together, copy-book, 
pamphlet ; troop (of people, 
horses, Ac). 

JW**\ idmihldl, disappearing, di- 
spersion ; fainting fit, swoon. 

q+±\ adman, who is a better 
security. 

\%*\ adhd', ponds, pi. of 8^ 
dahwa-t. 

\y*\ adwd', lights, pi. of y*> dau% #*\ 

*x>\j*\ adwdt, ponds, pi. of 8W 
addt. 

tyM adwat, stupid. 



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<S>j^ addti, «>W adydt, ponds, pL 

of 8U\ addt. 
*->W±\ adydf, guests, pi. of «-A** 

daif. 

<Jk-^ adyaq, f. diqd\ duqa, nar- 
rower; more pressed, thronged; 
more severe. 

(M) a#, i, inf. a£#, crack, creak ; 
scream, roar; feel compassion 
with (J It). 

j&\ atfdr, maker of hoops ; — ifdr, 
pi. u$ur, inclosure ; circum- 
ference; outline; belt, strap; 
hoop. 

WM atfdf, screamer ; — 8 ifdta-t, 
crack, creaking noise; sound; 
hunger. 

**\lo\ ifd'a-t, obedience ; submission ; 
resignation. 

&W ifdqa-t, power; ability; ca- 
pacity; power of endurance; 
reach. 

JU»\ dfdl, sides, hypochondres, pi. 
of JM ifl, itil; — l ifdla-ty pro- 
longing, extending ; delay. 

fW dtdm, castles, <&c, pi. of fJA 
upm, utvm ; — i{dm, constipation ; 
dysury. 

f****M atdmim, pi. feet. 

JjU,\ atdwil, pi. of JjU ctfwaZ, taller, 
&c. 

v*^ <tf<fyt&, pi. of s-*M atyaft, 
better. 

WU of W, udders, pi. of ^ /ity ; 
— afibbd 9 , physicians, pi. of s-*A 
tabib. 

£W atbd', rivers, 'canals, <fec, pi. 
of q± tib'. 

frf°\ atbah, very stupid. 

£*M a£&a', very dirty. 

&&M afbiqa-t, lids, &c, pi. of <j*t 

W»\ atibba-t,' physicians, pi. of s-^> 

J**M c#aZ, f. ^aAfcf, turbid, 

muddy ; blackish grey, blackish 

green. 
&\ afad, blackthorn, sloe; — n. 

attad, inf. ta'fid, strengthen. 
(JA) afar, i, u, inf. afr, enclose ; 

protect against ( v jic 'ala) ; — 



62 JL\ 



i., xi. bend; fold; — n. live 
for a time with the parents ; — 
v. being bent; be detained; 
stay always indoors; — v., vn. 
be crooked. 

jtt ufur, enclosures,. &c, pi. of J3A 
ifdr. * 

\J*\ ifrd\ excessive praise, pane- 
gyric ; seasoning. 

sAM ajrdb, fragrant nosegay. 

•rt;M ifrdd, expelling, banishing; 
— iftirdd, following closely one 
another; being well connected, 
in good order. 

)\£\ atrour, edges, boundaries, &c, 
pi. of lj> turra-t. 

u\)o\ a(rdf, sides, &c, pi. of «-i^ 
faraf; — iffirdf, acquiring or 
purchasing new and beautiful 
things. 

v>^ afraf, f. farSd\ pi. /wi, deaf. 

LJR a{rat, f • tar{d\ with scanty or no 
eye-brows. 

jf>\ afraq, with crooked or weak 
legs; peaceable, submissive; — 
afruq, i afriqa-t, and 

VJjU afriqd', roads, pi. of <j*£ 
tariq. 

(£)J°\ ufruwdn, freshness; honey- 
moon ; bloom of youth. 



v>5^ ufrut, deaf. 



ufrufa-t, new merchandise; 

curiosity, novelty. 
&*~U u( summary the best of a 

tribe ; assembly. 
^UM it'dm, feeding. 
&**M afirna-t, i&>U*U afamdt, 

victuals, Ac. pi. of fV*L {a l dm. 
UU ifgd', seducing, leading into 

error. 
W i(fd\ extinguishing. 
JW affdl, infants, children, pi. of 

J&\ a£/aZ, more childish; more 
importunate. 

JM #Z, #i7, pi. dfdl, side of the 
body, hypochondre ; — u(l, some- 
thing, anything. 

>M a£Za', children, young ones, 
&c, pi. of N* fal-an, (aid, and 



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JM 



53 



t» 



&M ittUd% study ; strict examina- 
tion ; sight, insight. 

J*W ifldq, general meaning ; gene- 
ralisation. 

JfcU afldl, objects, persons, Ac., 
pi. of Jit falal. 

f&\ atlak, f . falhd," stupid. 

v&>\ atlas, smooth; satin; worn 
out, shabby; dirty, black; sus- 
picious ; dog, wolf ; thief. 

Um aflat, unhappy ,*unfortunate. 

^\ afia, f. falyti't smeared with 
tar; mangy J (camel) ; mange, 
itch ; tumour. 

(fM) afam, i, inf. afm, bite into 
(s* bi) ; throw ; narrow the 
mouth of a well ; hang a house 
or tent with curtains, &c; — 
afim, a, inf. afam, be angry; 
be added, joined ; suffer from 
constipation; — n. inf. ta'tfm, 
cover ; — iv. inf. ty <2m, lock ; 
— v. inf. ia'atfum, be in violent 
anger ; be agitated with waves ; 
be very dark ; snore ; conceal 
one's thoughts. 

(JA ufm, ufum, pi. dfdm, ufUm, 
castle, small fortress, stone 
building with a flat roof. 

gUM afma', pi. of &L> tarn', wages, 
&c. ; pi. of £-U> fdmi 1 , greedy, 
Ac.; i(md ( , exciting to cu- 
pidity. 
£&\ afma', greedier, &c, comp. of 

q\j&M itmincm, quietude, secu- 
rity. 

s^\M afndb, ropes of a tent, &c., 
pi. of s-*^ (until; — itndb, pro- 
lixity; sublimeness of style; — 
I itndba-t, roof to protect against 
the sun; sun-shade; umbrella; 
tent. 

($UM afndn, human bodies, &c., pi. 
of ^ (unn f q.v. 

j\£>\ afhdr, pi. of & (ahir, j*& 
fdhir, pure, &c. 

j\fo\ afwdr, pi. of £ faur 9 measures, 
manners, &c, q.v. 

j^\ afwdq, juice of the cocoa-nut; 



— pi. of &jL fang.* necklace, &c. % 
q.v. 

}j>\ aftoar, end, extremity; aU 
afwaidn, the extremes, extremi- 
ties; calamity. 

JjU afwal, pi. at ami, f. tula, pi. 
fuwal, longer, taller. 

fjM afwm, sea-tortoise ; sea-urchin ; 

— ufum, castles, &c, pi. of (M 
ufm, ufum. 

v»W^Vt afydb, perfumes, &c., pi. of 

s-**M afydb, f. f^Hha, better, more 

pleasant, pi. aLafdyib, the best 

of any thing; f. pleasantness, 

happiness ; a tree of Paradise. 
j*M afxr, sin; guilt; gossiping 

talk. 
la^M afif, cracking, creaking; cry 

of the camel; murmuring of 

empty bowels. 
J\*Jo\ ufaifdl, pi. little children. 
&hjU afima-t, hearth, fire-place, 

chimney. 
^VM azdr, nurses, &c, pi. of j& zi'r ; 

— azzdr, nurse. 
ja*VM azdfvr, cloves, pi. of W\ 

azfdr ; — nails, claws, &c., pi. of 

jyk\ azfur. 
&£\&\ azdnm, opinions, &c, pi. of 

y& zann. 
*r&\ azb-in, ,^\ azbi, gazelles, &c, 

pi. of ij£ zaby. 
*r»\fi\ azrdb, the anterior molar 

teeth ; roots of the teeth. 
«d^\ azraf, more elegant, <fcc, comp. 

of «J^t zarif 
^UM az'dn, litters, sedan-chairs, 

pi. of &**k za'ina-t. 
; W azfdr, 8 azfdra-t, pi. azdfir, 

clove (spice). 
yfcM azfar, with long nails, claws. 
jjb\ azfur, pi. azdfir, nail (of the 

finger), claw, talon, clutch ; vine- 
branch. 
JW azldl, shadows, shades, <fcc., pi. 

of Jk zill 
J±\ azlam, more cruel, unjust, 

oppressive ; f . zalmd\ dark ; 
darkness. 
UM ozmd', pi. of (£ zim', thirst, <&c. 



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^\ 54 

o*^ a*ma, f . zamyd, brown ; blood- 
less; fleshless; blackish; with 
small eye-lids. 

;WM izhdr, publication; explana- 
tion; pretending; outward show; 
dissimulation. 

j$\ azhar, clearer, more distinct, 
more evident. 

*M\ a'dbid, slaves, &c, pi. of ±t* 
<abd. 

W^ a'dtib, subjects of blame, 
quarrel, &c, pi. of &iy*\ u'tuba-L 

J*^ a'djil, pi. young ones. 

p+\&\ a'djim, pi. of f*+*\ , not Arab, 
foreign, <fcc, q.v. 

v***W a'djib, miracles, Ac, pi. of 
*u*^ u'jubci-t. 

&>Uf i'dda-t, repetition; return; 
extradition. 

^$»>W\ a'ddi, enemies, pi. of )&* 
'aduww. 

fy*\ i'dra-t, lending, loan. 

s-iW a'drtb, nomadic Arabs, Be- 
douins, pi. of sAr*^ o s rdb. 

</ljW a'drid, poems, metres, &c., 
pi. of u*^ 'arud. 

f>\*\ a'dsir, **M a'dfvr, hurricanes, 
pi. of jUc> a'sdr. 

AM i'dqa-t, obstacle, hindrance. 

&W i ( dla-t, poverty while en- 
cumbered with a numerous 
family. 

JM a'dli, pi. of JW a'la, higher, 
most high, Ac. 

pj\&\ a'dlim, signs, secret commu- 
nications, pi. of &*}*\ u'Mma-t. 

&\e\ i'dna-t, help, assistance. 

s-*\ a'dbb, poor; having a big 
nose. 

W a'bd 9 , loads, luggage, pi. of s-** 
HV ; — i'bd', filling to the brim ; 
planting densely. 

<J^£\ a'bat, with running eyes. 

J*^ a'bal, big and strong; a 
thick rope ; granite ; f . ^ l Md\ 
a white rock visible from a dis- 
tance. 

ls*s\ a l bi'd-t, coarse clothes, cloaks, 
pi. of W* 'ahd\ 8 'abdt. 

s^>\ss\ Vtaby thresholds, pi. of &*» 
'ataba-t. 



jW i'tdq, setting at liberty ; giving 



f Vxrt i'tdm, getting dark. 

j\+x£\ iHibdr, esteem; honour; re- 
spect ; consideration ; compari- 
son ; — ^ i'tibdriyy, relative. 

<j>Vv^ i'tijdn, kneadkig. 

•***\ aHud, preparations for a 
journey, &c., pi. of *Asc 'atdd 
and Sxtt 'utda-L 

\axc\ Midd', enmity ; injustice ; 
iniquity ; transgression. 

S[ xu\ i'tiddd, (m.) self-complacency ; 
pride. 

J\a*c\ i'tiddl, equilibrium between 
two things; j\*A\ j JJlt J^asc\ 
i'tiddlu -' I - lail-i wa -'n - nahdr-i, 
equinox; symmetry; due pro- 
portion ; moderate state or tem- 
perature ; (m.) corpulence ; — 
15 i'tiddliyy, equinoctial. 

j\bx\ i'tifdr, excuse, apology. 

\j**\ iHird\ coming suddenly (of a 
calamity, <fcc). 

,j\fA i'tirdd, encounter ; obstacle ; 
opposition; contradiction; ani- 
mosity. 

u\j&\ i'tirdf, confession. 

tf)^c\ tftirdk, throng ; (m.) knead- 
ing; brushing. 

\ye\ i'tizd\ deriving one's descent. 

yyu*\ i'Uzdz, becoming powerful or 
important. 

Jfyac^ i'tizdl, abdication. 

p\y&\ i'tizdm, firm resolution ; per- 
severance. 

vjU *&\ i'tisdf, oppression ; violence. 

^Usfi\ iHisdm, seeking refuge ; inno- 
cence. 

s^Uaxc^ i'tifdb, ruin; (m.) hurt; 
injury. 

tott^ i'tifd', abdication, apology; 
justification. 

*>V&xfc\ i'tiqdd, confidence; trust; 
belief ; article of faith. 

JUsc^ i'tiqdl, seizing ; binding ; im- 
prisoning ; being bound, <&c. 

j\£j&\ i'tikdr, darkness; clouds of 
dust. 

u\£s^ i'tikdf, spiritual retirement, 
retreat. 



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0* 



55 



&&\ i'tUd', ascending, height. 

J3tfc\ i'tOdl, pretext. 

oUae\ iHim&d, confidence, reliance ; 
firm resolution ; (m.) baptism. 

*\+z*\ i'timdm, wearing the turban. 

VjLse^ %Hind\ great care, taking 
pains. 

cJluc\ i'tindf, beginning; taking 
by force ; abhorrence. 

jUw i'tindq, embracing, embrace. 

£*y^ u'tuba-t, subject of reproach, 
of a quarrel. 

j\ t ss\ i'tiydd, custom; — ^ i'tiyd- 
diyy, customary, usual. 

)\*s*\ iHiydz, being in want, needi- 
ness. 

^l^s^ i l tiy&4, living on anything ; 
livelihood. 

<jfrl*s^ i'tiydd, exchange. 

tlStsd i'tiydq, being prevented. 

«*Ue\ %'s ak, left-handed ; more diffi- 
cult. 

^\ a'sa, f. '(wwa', blackish; 
hairy ; stupid ; hyena ; f . old 
woman. 

s^W*t i'jdb, wondering, causing 
wonder. 

)\+fi\ a'jdz, roots of palm-trees ; — 
i'jdz, power of persuasion; — 8 
i'jdza-t, artificial thighs, hip- 
improvers. 

J W*\ i'jdl, hastening, accelerating ; 
ripening. 

syl a* jab, more wonderful, sur- 
prising. 

y+e\ a 1 jar, stout and fat; knotty, 
f. 'ajrd*, knotty stick. 

u~+e\ a'jas, full in the waist. 

Ul+*\ a'jaf, thin, lean. 

J%^ a'jal, quicker, quickest ; the 
first. 

p+cb a'jam, f. 'ajmd', pi. -4n, 
a'djim, not an Arab; who 
speaks Arabic badly ; foreigner; 
Persian; dumb; deaf; see U^* 
'ajmd' ; — %s a'jamiyy, not Ara- 
bian, foreign ; a Persian. 

l*y+*\ u l juba-t, anything wonderful, 
marvel, miracle, prodigy, pheno- 
menon. 

\*t\ a*dd', enemies, pL of ;•** 



'aduww ; — regions, Ac., pi. of 

^»xc *id-an. 
•>W! a* dad, numbers, <fec, pi. of 

** 'idd and *>J* i adad ; — i'ddd, 

preparation; equipment. 
J\**\ a'ddl, pi. of Jj* 'idl and J*J* 

'adil, equal, &c, q.v. 
p\*te\ i'ddm, annihilating ; ruining. 
J*x*\ a'daly more or most equitable, 

just, comp. of Jalc 'ddil. 
^J^ a 1 da, more or most hostile. 
j\Sb\ a'zdr, excuses, pi. of £* uzr ; 

— i'zdr, banquet, festival ; 

making excuses, excuse, rv. of 

O^ft), q.v. 
v>jLft\ a'zdb, sweeter; — 8 a'ziba-t, 

chastisements, <fec, pi. of s^^ 

'azdb. 
jW a'zar, excused. 
j*\ a'arr, f . 'arrd 9 , mangy ; strong 

of neck and chest ; f . a young 

girl. 
\f\ a'rd\ open spaces, &c., pi. of 

\j* 'ard' ; — pi. of ^ Hrw, side ;" 

negligent. 
s^W a*rdb, pi. nomadic Arabs, 

feedouins, pi. a'drib ; sing, a'rd- 

biyy ; — i'rdb, grammatical in- 
flection ; syntax ; grammatical 

analysis. 
<>\jfc\ a'rdJ, thrones, Ac, pi. of <>j* 

\j\y*\ a'rds, open spaces, yards, <fec, 
pi. of &*j* 'arsa-t. 

tjtifb a'rdfa pi. of o*^ l ar<f, %r<f, 
'ara$, and l*f- 'arda-t, 'urda-t, 
q.v. ; — i'rdd, petitioning, solicit- 
ing; exposition; turning one's 
back; return. 

u\j*\ a'rdf, pi. of ^Jf <urf, height, 
&c., q.v. ; the wall between hea- 
ven and hell ; purgatory. 

0/A 'araj, f . 'arjd\ pi. <urj, 'urjdn, 
lame, halting ; raven ; f . hyena. 

Uf\ a'raf, f. 'urfd', pi. *urf, having 
a mane, crested ; with a long and 
strong neck ; f . aU'urfd', hyena. 

j/\ a'raq, deeply or more deeply 
rooted. 

pfb a'ram, t *armd\ pi. 'urm, 
spotted white and black; herd 



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Ub\ 



of sheep and goats mingled; 
spotted egg; pi. 'urmdn, pi. 
'ardmin, not circumcised; f. a 
spotted snake. 

y*\ a'azz, f. ^ 'uzza, dearer; more 
powerful, more important, Ac, 
comp. of )*)* Wa, q.v. ; f. mis- 
tress, lady-love; name of an 
idol ; — f . \y* 'azzd'y calamitous ; 
calamity ; — I a'izza-t and — 

\y*\ a'izzd', pi. of jiy» 'azfa, excel- 
lent, Ac, q.v. 

)\y*\ i'zdz, magnificence, honour, 
reverence. 

Jtyrt a'zdl, pi. of J)fi\ a'zal, q.v. 

% T *yri a'zab, f. 'azbd , single, unmar- 
ried ; bachelor ; spinster. 

J^\ a'soZ, pi. 'uzl, 'uzzal, 'uzldn, 
a'zdl, ma'dzil, f. 'azld', pi. ( azdli 9 
'azdla, who secludes himself; 
singled out ; without arms, with- 
out a lance ; JjeUt «sU~tt assamak 
al-'azal, spica virginis (a constel- 
lation). 

gL*c\ I'g^', stooping walk. 

j»L*c\ a'sam, pi. forms of the 
body. 

gl~*\ a'sdn, pi. traces, remainders. 

j-*\ a'aar, f. Wa', left-handed; 
more difficult, harder; disas- 
trous. 

p~&\ a'sam, f. 'asmd 9 , pi. 'warn, 
having a withered arm or leg. 

^U^\ i'sdb, covering itself with 
green herbage; finding herbs 
for food. 

j\Ju\ a'Mr, pi. of S^Ac, gain in 
play; tenth parts, pi. of y^ 
'uir ; — 1£ a'Sdriyy, decimal. 

v>Ucl a'tdd, nests on trees, pi. of 
{J& 'usS. 

*b*\ a'far, stupid. 

lyuc\ a'tird 9 , pi. of «-** 'aMr, tenth 
part ; cry of the hyena. 

p&*\ a' Jam, f. 'aJmd', of a mixed 
colour; dried up in dust; dim- 
sighted ; f . dusty ground. 

<j^t a'to, f . 'aJwd, dim-sighted ; 
blind ; f . darkness ; — S a'tiya-t, 
evening meals, suppers, pi. of 
Uft 'aid 9 . 



j*e\ a'8-in, <fe\ a'st, U^ a'sd', 
staves, Ac, pi. of Ufc 'as-an, 
'asd, q.v. 

v>loc\ a'sdb, nerves, sinews, Ac, 
pi. of s— «c 'asdb. 

jloc^ a'sdr, ages, Ac, pi. of y*e 'asr, 
( isr, Ac ; — i'sdr, pi. a'dsir, 
a'dsir, hurricane ; — i'sdr, iv. of 

g-ac* a'sa;, bald. 

J*^ a'saZ, pi. 'twZ, 'isdl, crooked, 
not straight ; having crooked 
legs; assiduous; f. 'asld, thin, 
lean. 

(+o*\ a'sam, f. 'asmd 9 , pi. *tww, 
having a red beak and red 
feet; having a white spot on 
the fore-foot; f. mountain goat. 

Ue^ a'dd 9 , members, pi. of ^ 
'udw, Hdw. 

*>Uc\ i'ddd, help, assistance. 

s-*a*\ a'efrifc, f. 'adbd 9 , having one 
horn broken; having one hand 
short ; who has lost his only 
brother; shortened (foot of a 
verse) ; weak. 

IM a'fd*, who gives much or more; 

— i'tdy giving, bestowing. 

jLc\ a'far, more or very much 
perfumed. 

t&>leM a'tiydt, gifts, pi. of ILo 
'af-an, 'afd. 

EltM i'tiyd-t, wages, pay. 

l^\ a'fiya-t, gifts, pi. of VLa 'af-an, 
'afd. 

&»\W\ i'zdma-ty greatness. 

fjte\ a'zam, f . ( u$ma 9 greater ; 
more powerful ; more impor- 
tant; better; (Ju$\ ^\ os- 
sadru^La'zam, prime minister; 

— (adv.) more ; — a'zum, bones, 
pi. of f&* 'azm. 

W( i'fd 9 , cure ; deliverance j ex- 
cuse ; — a'iffd 9 , pi. of «-Mc 'afif, 
chaste. 

ss*J*\ a'fat, stupid ; awkward ; 
clumsy. 

<±J*\ a'fas, who shows his naked- 
ness; who talks ribaldry or 
foolish things. 

i/J*\ a'fat, with running eyes. 



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57 



0*\ 



*b*\ a'fak, f. 'q/fta', very stupid; 
flighty and fickle; left-handed; 
f . restive she-camel. 

(J&\ a'aqq, disobedient ; — 5 a'iqqa-t, 
pi. of «jVc 'dqq, disobedient and 
of fjtjic 'aqiq, mountain torrent, 
&c. 

s^W a'qdb, sons, <fcc, pi. of s-** 
'aqb and s-«a* «agi'6 ; ends, issues, 
<fcc., pi. of s-** 'ttjft. 

jVaet a'gr^r, pi. trees. 

s-*^ a'^tti, black eagles, pi. of 
s^lae 'uqdb. 

•Urt a'qad, f. 'a^da', pi. 'uqd, 
knotty; stammering; having a 
flexible tail, therefore : dog, 
wolf, goat ; f . maid-servant. 

yfc\ a'qar, f. l aqrd\ toothless; f. 
sand-hill. 

«-ttc\ a'qaf, f . i aqfd i crooked ; boor- 
ish ; poor ; f . an iron hook on a 
stick ; cramp-iron. 

JteV a'qal, f. 'ctqUV, more intelli- 
gent. 

JW a'ldl, indispositions, <fcc., pi. 
of fib Hlla-t ; — i'iaZ, interchange 
of the so-called weak letters, 
*> )> <^« 

^b\ a'ldm, signs, flags, mountains, 
Ac, pi. of f^ *alam; — Vldm, 
instruction ; information ; com- 
munication; placard. 

gSte\ i'ldn, publication; advertise- 
ment. 

&U\ a'lifa-t, pi. of 1A* 'Udt, q.v. 

(J*\ a'lam, f . 'almd', more learned ; t 
knowing better ; J^ *UU wo-'Z- 
Za/i. a'uvm, God knows Dest ; f. 
cuirass. 

l*£e\ u'luma*t 9 pi. a'dlim,) sign, 
(m.) secret communication. 

<jl^ a'la, pi. ^ *i*Z-an, a'aZt; f. 
*ulyd\ pi. 'wZ-cm, 'ulyaydt, higher, 
nobler, sublime; f. the tribe 
Koreish; — f. 'alyd' and 'alwd?, 
height, summit ; Heaven ; noble 
deed, exploit. 

pt\ a'amm, f. i wmmd\ pi. to, 
high ; great ; more general ; 
multitude; — a'umi?i, I a'inma-t) 



uncles (on father's side), &c, pi. 

of f*e 'amm. 
Uc\ a'md\ errors, pi. of y** l amw ; 

— ignorants, &c, pi. of i j**\ 

a'mi. 
jUc\ a'mdr, lives, lifetimes, <fcc, pi. 

of j-^c 'umr ; — i'war, cultivating, 

rendering habitable. 
JUc\ a'maZ, deeds, actions, <fec, pi. 

of J+e 'amal. 
j»Uc\ a'mdm, (paternal) uncles, pi. 

of p* 'cwnm. 
&+*\ a'mita-t, clews of wool, pi. of 

&*& •* * 'cmita-t. 
l±+*\ a'mida-t, columns, &c, pi. of 

j^c 'amud. 
)**\ a'mar, better populated, more 

cultivated. 
<j***c\ a'mati, f. l amid\ blear-eyed, 

with running eyes. 
ij*+&\ a'mas, (m.) the same. 
0yM*\ a'mumun, paternal uncles, 

pi. of ,** 'amm. 
&+*\ a'mah, f . 'amhd, without signs 

to mark the road (desert). 
^j*e\ a'mawiyy, referring to the 

blind. 
{ j*^\ a i ma % f. i a/myd\ pi. 'umy, 

'urnydn, blind ; dark ; aZ- 

'amaydn, inundation and con- 
flagration; — pi. Uc\ a'md', 

ignorant men ; fools ; deserts. 
Uc\ a'nd', sides, pi. of Uc 'cwian- ; — 

t'ntf , allusion, iv. of (<^*). 
v&>Ue^ i'natf, insertion of a letter in 

a rhyme ; (m.) torment ; vexa- 
tion. 
jUfct a'ndq, necks, Ac, pi. of O-^ 

'unq, 'unuq, ( tmaq. 
gUct a'n&n, objects coming into 

view, apparitions, pi. of <^ 

'anan ; — i'ndn, bridling, checking 

with the reins. 
l+u\ a'nija-t, ropes, connections, 

<fec, pi. of fcUft 'ino;, q.v. 
i,y*\ a'naq, long-necked ; name of 

a celebrated stallion; f. 'anqd 9 , 

fabulous bird, griffin, phoenix ; 

mountain-peak ; calamity ; — 

a'nuq, kids, <fec, pi. of «jUc 

*andq. 

8 



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«Ut 



&**\ a'inna-t, pi. of gUc Hndn, 

bridle, <fec. 
j\f^\ i'wdr, suspicion. 

)\f\ i'wdz, neediness, indigence, 
destitution. 

f>\fb i'wdm, years, pi. of f\* 'dm. 

q\j*\ a'wdn, pi. of of 'aun, helper, 
servant, &c. 

fyt\ a'waj, crooked, malicious; f. 
'aujd', bow ; lean, slender. 

$Wfb i'wijdj, crookedness; false- 
ness, perfidy, malice. 

a*z\ a'wad, more advantageous 
(J* <ala). 

jfi\ a'war, f. 'aurd', pi. '4r, 'wrdn, 
'irdn, one-eyed ; corrupted, per- 
verse, bad ; deceived ; bad guide, 
wrong road ; effaced writing ; pi. 
a'dwir, nits, see \jf 'aurd\ 

u*}*\ a'was, f. 'ausd', who draws 
in the corners of the mouth; 
furbisher of knives or swords. 

\ffb a'was, f . 'ausd\ pi. 'us, unin- 
telligible, difficult to under- 
stand ; unusual ; see U>je. 

Qy*\ a'wan, more helping. 

\tp\ a'yd\ pi. of ^ 'ayy, incapable, 
&c, and W* 'ayd*, difficult, &c. ; 
— i'yd 9 , fatigue. 

jlt^V a'ydd, feasts, &c, pi. of **e* 
'id. 

(^\ a'ydm,, great men, grandees, 
pi. of &e* 'ain. 

^^ a'is, f. a'isd', pi. 'is, whitish- 
yellow (camel). 

t*fit a'yaf, f. 'aifd 9 , pi. % long- 
necked ; high ; proud ; stiff- 
necked, obdurate. 

0*c\ a'yan, f . 'aind\ pi. 'in ; having 
a large black pupil; wild bull; 
visible, in view, evident ; perfo- 
rated ; who has many servants ; 
green ; — a'yun, a'yundt, eyes, 
pi. of (^ 'ain; — 8 a'yina-t, 
plough-shares, pi. of @W* 'iydn. 

ijp\ a'ya, more stammering ; more 
obdurate ; — 8 u'yiyya-t, stammer- 
ing (s.) ; — a'yiya-t, W*\ a'yiyd, 
pi. of ^ 'ayiyy, stammering 
(adj.). 



\t\ dgd, pi. agdwat, Aga, eunuch 
(Turk.). 

#te\ igdsa~t, help, assistance. 

IJ<±\ igdra-t, raid. 

*ij\k\ agdrid, warblings of birds,] pi. 
of *>)j*\ ugrud. 

&W igdza-t, rousing to anger, irri- 
tating. 

gj^ agdlij, tender branches, pi. 
of tfw ugluj. 

l»*SVfc\ agdlif, misemployed or mis- 
leading words, pi. of B*J±\ ughU 
fa-t. 

&l\t\ agdliq, bolts, 4c, pi. of <ji* 
galaq. 

@\t\ agdn-in, <yW agdni, songs, 
melodies, pi. of &ofc\ ugniya-t, 
Ac. 

%sj^ agdwi, snares, <fcc., pi. of h^\ 
ugwiyya-t. 

*£+*& agbas, ash-coloured ; lion. 

jt*\ agbar, f . gabrd\ pi. gvhr, dusty ; 
dust-coloured ; dark ; j**\ *W 
'dm agbar y barren year ; quietly 
passing ; soon effaced ; aCagbar, 
wolf; al-gabrd\ the earth; y* 
\j**N band-'l-gabrd', poor people, 
travellers; tomb. 

)\yt&\ igbirdr, dust-colour; becoming 
dusty ; secret hatred, grudge. 

u ^ f t\ agbas, dark. 

iS ^\ agba, f . gabyd 9 , having dense 
foliage; more stupid, comp. of 
cje* gabiyy. 

*Ufc\ agtdm, pi. of f**& agtam, q.v. 

Llfxti igtibaf, contentment in pro- 
sperity. 

s}\Jit\ igtibdq, evening cup. 

*^Af£\ igtirdb, travelling into foreign 
countries, becoming a stranger to 
one's own. 

j\f&\ igtirdr, infatuation ; ambition ; 
being deceived ; being inatten- 
tive. 

)\y&\ igtirda, being ready for de- 
parture. 

u\f&\ igtirdf, drawing water. 

JL*x^ igtisdl, ablution. 

,^l±j^ igtisdJ, revolt, rebellion. 

s^UtM igtisdb, open violence ; seiz- 
ing violently. 



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uuM 59 



J« 



u*Ux*\ *#&&, great anxiety ; suf- 
focation. 
&**) agtam, pi. gutm, pi. pi. agtdm, 
speaking unintelligibly or bar- 
barously ; — ^ agtamiyy, not 
Arab; foreigner; barbarian. 
jUxfct tgtimdr, submersion ; sinking. 
t>lu£\ igtimdd, closing or blinking 

one's eyes. 
pUsfct igtimdm, sadness, sorrow, 

melancholy. 
f»^**\ igtindm, getting spoil ; seizing 

an opportunity, 
s^s^ igliydb, calumniating the 

absent; back-biting. 
jW**t igtiydr, vying, competing with 

each other. 
M*z±\ igtiydz, burst of danger. 
JW**\ igtiy&l, assaulting, rushing 

against ; seizing suddenly. 
^ ag8&\ scums. &c., pi. of Ufc 

gusd\ gussd'. 
r*\ agsar, t gasrd, pi. gusr, dark 
reddish brown ; dirty green ; 
woolly ; moss ; common or 
vulgar man; lion; f. crowd, 
rabble ; threats ; hyena ; pi. 
populace, 
cr^ ag§a> lion (robber). 
l)*k\ agdira-t, ponds, pi. of j*o& 

gadir. 
h^\ agdiya-t, breakfasts, luncheons, 

pi. of \±t gadd\ 
j*\ agarr, f. garrd', pi. gurr, having 
a white spot on the forehead 
(horse); white; shining brightly; 
very hot; eminent, distinguished; 
f . al-garrd*, Mecca ; first night of 
the full moon; hottest part of 
the day ; pi. the worthies ; 
water-bubbles ; — 8 agirra-t, pi. 
°* jV* girdr, head of an arrow 
or lance ; also — 
\/\ agirrd\ pi. of jtjt garir, easily 
deceived, inexperienced ; — igrd\ 
instigation. 
j\jt\ agrdr, pi. of jt girr, unexperi- 
enced, easily deceived. 
<j*V* a 9 r d*> grafts, proselytes, pi. 
of <j*)& gars, * | 



^Y agrdd, designs, intentions, 
Ac., pi. of y*/ garad, q.v. 

dy* igrdq, drowning, plunging: 
exaggeration. 

V^\ agrub, 8 agriba-t, pi. of ^Ajt 
gardb, raven, crow, <fcc, q.v. 

Jj*\ agral, uncircumcised ; commo- 
dious ; abundant ; — long (=,U 
garil). * K Jr 

*xfi agrud, 8 ugr&da-t, pi. ugdrid, 
warbling of birds. 

cA^ igrid, fresh and tender; palm- 
blossom. 

o%/\ igrigiyy, Greek, Grecian. 

J>^ agzal, erotic poet ; frequently 
recurring. 

0L*fc\ agedn, pi. worn-out clothes ; 
manners, morals, character. 

o 4 ^ ags'a, f. gahvd, having the 
head entirely white (horse, &c.). 

O^ agsdn, branches, <ftc, pL of 
(^ gum. 

^ igdd\ knitting the brows ; 
averting the face. 

v>^\ igddb, moving to anger, irri- 
tating. 

«-A^\ agdaf, pi. gudf, having flabby 
ears ; with lowered eye-lidg 
(lion) ; sinking, falling down 
(night), dark ; densely feathered 
(arrow) ; luxurious (life). 

W agaft, rich, abundant, luxuri- 
ous. 
u*^\ agfaf, f. gafsd', dim-sighted; 

dark ; f . pathless desert. 
*-&** agtaf, easy, luxurious ; having 

heavy eyebrows or lashes. 
&M\ agtiya-t, coverings, veils, pi. 

of U* gifd\ * 

^\ agfd\ chaff, pi. of J>± gafan. 
JUfc\ igfdl, causing to forget or 

neglect. 
j**\ agfar, not susceptible. 
W igld\ being dear, costly ; making 
dear; — also 8 igld'a-t, boiling, 
bubbling, ebullition. 
<j)M agldq, bolts, Ac, pi. of <jl& 
galaq ; — igldq, locking, shutting, 
fastening a door. 
JW agldl, pi. of J* gull, chains, 



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60 



U\ 



manacles, &c.;—igldl, deceit, 

fraud. 
vW aglab, t. galbd', pi. guTb, 

having a high and thick-set 

neck : lion ; high ; powerful ; 

numerous ; aUaglab, the highest 

number, the most probable case ; 

fi-'l-aglab, mostly, pre-eminently ; 

f. with rich vegetation. 
«-*W aglaf, f. galfd, pi. gulf, 

sheathed, encased, under en- 
velope ; uncircumcised ; rough, 

untamed ; Ute\ (ji** <ai£ nglaf, 

aUgalfd', easy and comfortable 

life. 
W±\ aglima-t, boys, servants, <fcc, 

pi. of ^ guldm. 
$<p\ ugluj, pi. agdltij, tender, flexible 

branch. 
*V*t vglfya-t, pi. agdlif, a wrong 

or misleading word. 
i^\ agla, dearer, more expensive. 
^ agamm, f. gammd*, covering 

all ; more grievous ; see U&. 
W^ agmd, pi. of ^^ gaman, in a 

swoon, fainting, and of {S ^ 

gaman, roof ; visor. 
•>W^ agmdd, sheaths, scabbards, 

<fec, pi. of *** gimd; — igmdd, 

sheathing, putting one thing in 

another. 
y^UM igmdd, shutting the eyes, 

conniving. 
\j**\ agmird', masses of water, pL 

of j#Ji. gamw. 
<jo*^ agmas, with watering eyes. 
U*+*\ agmad, more unintelligible. 
h+±\ agmiya-t, roofs, visors, pi. of 

<j** gaman. 
i$*\ agann, f. gannd\ speaking 

through the nose; screaming; 

singing; well populated; richly 

overgrown. 
\**\ agnd\ pi. things, outfit; — 

ignd 9 , enriching. 
fk*\ agndm, sheep, Ac, pi. of ^ 

ganam. 
V*aM agniyd', pi. of ^ ganiyy, 

rich. 
&*J&\ ugniya-t, igniya-t, igniyya-t, 

ugniyya-t, song, air, melody. 



\jM igwd\ seduction, temptation; 

deceit. 
jV* agwdr, caves, &c., pi. of ;Vfc 

?ar, q.v. 
MjM agfwo^, plains, &c, pi. of i-ft* 

^'#, £%tf . 
<j*jL-j£\ agusfus, (m.) month of 

August. 
Jy*\ agwal, commodious, easy 

(life) ; rushing along, coming 

over suddenly. 
<j;jM agwa, more erring, more easily 

led astray ; — I ugwiyya-t, pi. 

agdwi, what leads astray and 

into perdition ; snare ; pitfall ; 

danger. 
•M^ agyad, f. gaidd', pi. <£*<£ 

graida, gid, young, delicate and 

supple ; having one's head bent ; 

richly overgrown. 
«-**M agyaf, nodding (before falling 

asleep); luxurious. 
i$<£\ agyan, f. gaind', pi. gm, dark 

green, see U*fc. 
u\ df, I dfa-t, pi. dfdt, damage, 

loss ; calamity ; harm ; bane ; — 

aff, little, small quantity ; — iff, 

pusillanimity ; — uff, parings or 

dirt of the nails ; chip ; small 

quantity ; — uff-i, uff-a, uff-u, 

uff-un, uff-in, \J\ uff-an, oh ! alas ! 

woe ! fie ! — $ uffa-t, weakling ; 

poor. 
0-fy off, tj, inp. aff, call out u\ 

uffa from pain or grief ; — n. inp. 

to'fifi v - INF » ta'affuf, the same. 
s*M dfdt, damages, &c, pi. of «-rt 

df; — ifdt, transitoriness, perish- 

ableness ; — $ ifdta-t, frustration ; 

making disappear. 
(-£te\ afdtih, seed-lobes, pi. of &*ya\ 

uftuha-t. 
S*>V\ ifdha-t, diffusing odour, fra- 
grance. 
y.xoAtf afdMs, holes in the ground, 

&c, pi. of u°j^ ufhus. 
SaU\ ifdda-t, advantage, gain. 
toj\h\ afdriqa-t, <34>W afdriq, troops 

of people, <fec, pi. of top firqa-L 
J^M afddil, pi. of ^Vafdal, more 

excellent, <fcc. 



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^ 



**W jfdfa-t, giving abundantly; 
clear delivery; heaving to and 
fro. 
>Vrt afdfir, splits, Ac, pi. of jp* 

ufiur. m 

tjM afd% serpents, vipers, pi. of 

<^*\ af'an. 
J*eW afd'il, actions, deeds, verbs, 

Ac., pi. of J* )M. 
ato\ affdf, who sighs and groans 
much ; — ifdf, pusillanimity ; 
cowardice ; moment, epoch. 
j\i\ dfdq, regions, &c.,pl. of «jfl ufq ; 
— <#%> great traveller; adven- 
turer ; — * ifdqa-t, re-animation ; 
recovery ; (m.) awakening ; rest, 
pause ; — ^ afdqiyy, horizontal ; 
universal. 
«*M affdk, great liar. 
J*W afdJcil, J**W afdkil, pi. of 

J5tt afkal, ifkil, troop. 
&J\i\ afdkih, things which cause 
wonder or merriment, pi. of 
lto£i\ ufkilha-t. 
q\*\ iffdn, affdn, time. 
0tS\i\ afdnm, branches; manners, 
ways, varieties, pi. of <^» fanan 
and Qf*fi afnun. 
1p\ afdwij, ^W afdwij, troops, 

<fec, pi. of e^/ai*/, q.v. 
^U\ afdwlq, milk-flows, pi. of *M 

faiqa-t (m.). 
«ljW afdmh, mouths, &c, pi. of 

6 J fuh. 
«m afd'ilc, lies, pi. of &*** afi- 

Tca-t. 
(**H) afat, inf., aft, alienate, pre- 
vent, restrain from. 
*J\ aft, patient, enduring and swift 
(camel) ; — ift, the same ; lie ; — 
dfat=&\ dfa-t 9 damage, loss, ca- 
lamity. . 
\si\ iftd', solving a question of law 
or conscience ; judicial decision. 
t \ssi\ iftitdh, opening, beginning; 
consecrating; inauguration; in- 
troduction ; conquest ; — ^s 
ifHtdhiyy, introductory, prelimi- 
nary. • ,, 
q\x*\ iftitdn, instigating to revolt 



or discord; seduction; tempta- 
tion. 
Vs*\ iftijd\ robbery by sudden 

invasion. 
^Wsrt iftihds, disquisition, exami- 
nation. 
£»rt aftah, f. fathd', having weak 
joints or limbs ; with soft soles ; 
with large feet or paws ; blear- 
eyed ; see U^. 
jUrtft iftihdr, boasting ; glory. 
\x&\ iftidd 9 , ransom. 
\j*\ iftird 9 , lie ; (m.) insult, offence ; 

calumny. 
fjxft iftirdr, flashing ; showing the 

teeth. 
ip\jxtt iftirds, availing one's self of 

an opportunity. 
^\f*\ iftirdd, precept ; (m.) suppo- 
sition, hypothesis. 
4\f}>\ iftirdq, separation. 
tfj\^ iftirdh, (m.) grinding to 
pieces ; agitation (of a sick 
person). 
jUxrt iftisdl, disjunction, separa- 
tion; weaning. 
C UJ\ iftiddh, being dishonoured; 

exposure. 
yiUxrt iftiddd, defloration. 
JU*rt ifti'dl, action. 
«3*rt aftaq, f.fatqd', afllicted with a 

rupture, see ^**. 
*\&\ iftiqdd, visitation, visit ; trial, 

probing. 
j\tei\ iftiqdr, poverty, 
cdsrt aftah, more daring, more 
venturesome; readier to shed 
blood. 
j&*\ iftihdr, thought, contempla- 
tion, meditation. 
Jstf aftal, pi. fatl, f. fatW, having 

the legs wide apart ; distorted. 
p\#*\ iftihdm, comprehension, under- 
standing. 
Ur*\ ufttya-t, pi. afdtih, seed-lobe ; 

what is germinating. 
j*\ afta, later born, younger; 

manlier, more courageous. 
£6<*rt ifph valle y» mountain-cleft, 
bed of a river. 



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^ <*>fh&\ seasonings, &c, pL of 

^ fahan, faha, fiha. 
vA*^ a/has*, more shameful, baser, 

comp. of u^Vi fdhiS. 
\Sf*& ufhds, pi- u**^ a/$&?, hole 

in the ground ; nest of the bird 



** 



((*) afah, inp. a/%, hit on the 

crown of the head. 
h**^ afhira-t, rich garments. 
f**btf afham, more powerful, more 

respected. 
0*rt) o/y, a, inp. afad, hasten, and, 

by opposition, tarry ; approach ; 

come up. 
**\ afad, term, end, death ; — afid, 

who hastens; who tarries; — 8 

afada-t, delay. 
\<ii\ ifdd*, exacting a ransom from 

a prisoner. 
£** afda', f.fadd', having a dis- 
torted limb ; distorted ; see 

&±i\ afdina-t, yokes of oxen, &c, 
pi. of q\ Ji faddn, q.v. 

W afazz, not feathered (arrow). 

•WArt a/za?, pi. of ^ /a??, single, 
isolated, &c. 

(;*t) a/ar, i, inf. a/r, w/wr, cross 
( J^ 'ato) ; run, jump ; attack ; 
be very hot, boil; get fat; be 
zealous and quick in serving; 
drive away ; — afir, a, inp. afar, 
be very hot and boil violently ; 
grow fat. 

;rt afarr, f . farrd\ showing beauti- 
ful teeth in laughing or smiling; 
— 8 ufurra-t, troop ; mixture ; 
adversity. 

\j\ afrd\ wild asses, pi. of \ffard\ 

tfjfi afrdh, young birds, &c, pi. of 
t^ far?}. 

*>V^ a / r( ^> pl- °* tyfard, individual, 
Ac, q.v. ; — ifrdd, separating ; 
making unequal; reducing to 
the simplest expression; isola- 
tion. 

)\^\ ifrdz, separating, distinguish- 
ing, sequestering. 

<j*\j*\ afrds, horses, mares, pi. of 
yf faros. 



v/V^ ifrdd, precept; assignment; 
present. 

Mjft ifrdf, excess; extreme; exag- 
geration; superfluity. 

tW tfrdg, emptying ; casting 
metals ; putting into shape. 

«iV^ ifrdq, recovery. 

tjft afruf}, I afriha-t, young birds, 
&c, pi.' of tpfarh. 

u - ^ afras, clever horseman. 

{J>/\ afrad, very learned in divine 
law. 

£y\ afrag, f. fargd 9 , free of cares ; 
making large wounds ; — 3 afri- 
ga-t, vacancies, Ac, pi. of #;* 
firdg, q.v. 

*V* afriqd', tt^tf afriqa-t, com- 
partments, <fec., pi. of <Jl)*fariq, 
q.v. 

fgj*\ afranj, ifranj, Frank, French, 
European ; — ^$ afranjiyy, Euro- 
pean. 

*~*;rt afransa-t, France ; — ^ afran- 
*iyy> Frenchman, French. 

jt}*\ ifriz, roof for protection against 
rain ; frieze ; cornice. 

ijk£\ afriqiyy, African ; — S afru 
qiyya-t, Africa. 

jV' afzdz, pi. of y fazz, excitable, 
fickle, &c. 

£^ ifzd', frightening, terrifying. 

*>L*rt ifsdd, corrupting, adulterat- 
ing; instigation to mischief or 
revolt; oppression. 

<&~±\ afsaq, more or most perverse, 
wicked, vile. 

(ft fl . w .~.rt afsintin (absintin), worm- 
wood. 

Ui^ ifid\ divulging a secret. 

£*J\ afiag, with a protruding 
tooth, having the teeth sepa- 
rated. 

J^tf afial, (m.) left-handed; f. 
fa&ld', the left hand. 

&#&*\ ifSin, (m.) formula of 
prayer. 

eUrt ifsdk, speech, iv. (c**). 

JUrt ifsdl, death. 

^ai\ afsah, more eloquent, clearer ; 
more abundant, comp. of £■»* 
fash, £*•*/&?#• 



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p**\ afsam, broken, torn. 

JUtf afddl, superfluities, excel- 
lencies, Ac., pi. of J*tf fadl ; — 
ifddl, superiority ; eminence. 

J-*tf afdal, more or most excel- 
lent ; better deserving ; more 
learned. 

M afaff, haying a flat nose. 

jUatf ifidr, break of fasting ; break- 
fast. 

ijM affas, f . fafsd 9 , flat-nosed. 

j^»*\ uffur, pi. afdfir, split, fissure, 
crevice ; scratch, scar. 

fbi\ afza 1 , more shameful, comp. of 

W\ a/V, perf umes, scents. 

($\p*\ ufutodn, male viper. 

»*\ a/*an, pi. a/a% viper, serpent. 

c-Ai\ a/a/, a little, small quantity, 
trifles. 

(«J*t) a/o£, i, inf. a/#, travel to 
distant parts, all over the world ; 
give more to the one than the 
other ; deceive ; conquer ; cir- 
cumcise ; — afiq, A, inf. afaq, 
attain to the highest distinc- 
tion; — v. inf. ta'affuq, come 
from distant climates. 

«J*t «/g, ufuq, afaq, pi. dfdq, cli- 
mate, region, country ; horizon ; 
the wide world ; — dfaq, uncir- 
cumci8ed ; — dfiq, afiq, far supe- 
rior ; — dfiq, ufuq, quick, swift ; 
— 8 afaqa-t, hypochondre ; — 
ufqa-t, prepuce ; — ^ ufuqiyy, 
afaqiyy, horizontal. 

j\Mk\ ifqdr, impoverishing (s.). 

/u\ afqar, poorer, more wretched. 

(«*\rt) afak, i, afik, a, inf. ifk, afk, 
afah, ufuk, lie ; — inf. ifk, cause 
to change one's purpose or 
opinion; cause to tell a lie; 
thwart one's wishes, declare 
them to be unlawful; — pass. 
ufiq> inf. afk, produce nothing 
from want of rain; have little 
understanding ; — n. inf. ta'fdk, 
lie ; — vni. inf. tfifdk, be turned 
topsy-turvy, overthrown. 

tfXti afik, liar \ — ifk, I ifka-t, lie;— 



ufuk, great liars, pi. of dfl 

afuk. 
jSS\ afkdr, thoughts, Ac., pi. of j& 

fikr. 
J&\ afkal, if kiH, fright ; a kind of 

wood-pecker ; pi. afdkil, afdMl, 

troop; bi-afdkili-hum, all of 

them. 
&&j£i\ ufkuha-t, pL afdkih, what 

causes wonder or merriment. 

(vW a f a h *> u > a fih A > INF « uf&l, 
vanish, disappear (moon) ; — inf. 
uful, afal, dry up (milk of a 
suckling woman) ; — afil, inf. 
afal, be alert, quick ; — n. inf. 
tafil, procure honour, respect to 
anybody; — v. inf. la'afful, be 
proud. 

JiV dfil, 8 dfUa-t, big with young 
(lioness). 

h\ afld\ wide waterless deserts, 
pi. of 3!U faldt; foals, pi. of jU 
filw. 

**>%& ifldt, help to escape ; escape. 

C$trt ifldh, good fortune, prosperity. 

y-W iflds, poverty ; (m.) bank- 
ruptcy. 

gjLM afldtun, Plato. 

^S\ afldq, mountain-clefts, Ac., pi. 
of & falaq, q.v. 

d%\ afldk, spheres, heavenly bodies, 
Ac., pi. of **H*falak, q.v. 

J)M afidl, breaks, rents ; fugitives, 
Ac., pi. of Ji fall; — deserts 
without rain, pi. of J* full, fill. 

gW afiaj, f. faljd 9 , having fingers 
or teeth far apart ; (m.) gouty, 
paralysed. 

^M aflafr, having the nether lip 
split. 

(<£*') <*fa n 9 h INF » &fih milk out 
of the proper time ; exhaust all 
milk in the udder; have little 
milk; give little understanding 
to anybody (God); — pass, be 
spoiled (food). 

yl\ afn, afan, weakness of intel- 
lect. 

Urt ifnd\ annihilation. 

jUrt afndq, high-bred stallions, pi. 
of Jk^/ontj. 



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v^ 



^UAt afndriy branches, pi. of &± 
fanan. 

<**i\ afnud, silliness ; — ^$ afandi, pi. 
afandiyya-t, master, sir, gentle- 
man, monsieur (Turk, from the 
Greek avOhmp). 

@yi\ afnun, pi. afdnm, class, cate- 
gory ; manner, way ; — ufnun, 
snake; bent; obscure speech; 
calamity; beginning. 

<j>*\ afna, rich, full; f. fanwd\ 
having a rich head of hair ; 
densely branched (also afann) ; 
more perishable, comp. of ^y^ 
fdni ; — * afniya-t, enclosures 
in front of houses, pi. of Ui 
find 9 . 

\*J\ ajhd*, mouths, pi. of fyfuh. 

f\&\ ifhdm, making understand. 

$\)k\ afwdj, troops, crowds, flocks, 
Ac, pi. oft^fauj. 

j\)k\ afwdq, pi. of «Jj* fdq, lank, 
Ac ; awakenings, remembrances, 
pi. of &a* faiqa-t (m.). 

*\J\ afwdh, mouths, Ac, pi. of *y 
fdh. 

<-*rt afu8, axes, Ac, pi. of (j*\* 
fa'8. 

£)k\ afwag, having thick lips. 

*jy\ afuf, in great haste. 

j^\ afwaq, f . fauqd% broken at the 
notch ; see vi^. 

<*) j>\ afuk, pi. ufuk, great liar ; — 
ufHk 9 INF. of (**W). 

JJ\ aful 9 omens, Ac, pi. of JV* 
/a'J. 

«y\ afwah,t.fauhd\fahwd\h&Ying 
a large mouth, a wide opening. 

lert a/ya', pi. of <j* /ai', shadow, 
Ac., q.v. 

J^ afydl, elephants, pi. of J** 

fa. 

^ afyafr, f. /atAa', pi. fih, exten- 
sive, spacious ; see W*. 

IasA afida-t, the intestines ; heart, 
lungs and liver, pi. of ^ fu'dd. 

«Jk^ afiq, f . 8 , excellent ; misfor- 
tune. 

&J\ afihat, pi. *«XfU\ a/a'tfc, liar. 

Qti\ afin, stupid ; corrupted, 
spoiled. 



tytft afyuny ifyaun, opium; c^> 
Qyt*y\ ruhv^lr? 'afyun, laudanum. 

&to\ iqdta-t, nutrition, feeding; 
power. 

tW aqdh-in, ^^ og^Ai, camomiles, 
pi. of t)\}^5\ uqhuwdn. 

C**>vrt aqddih, arrows without fea- 
thers and head, satires, Ac, pi. 
of &AS guM. 

s^;W aqdrib, near relations, pi. of 
s^ aqrdb. 

£j&\ aqdri', pi. of fyi\ aqra\ very 
hard ; cutting, sharp, Ac. 

JjW aqdzil, pi. of Jjyrt agraaJ, halting, 
limping. 

,**-AJ\ aqdsim, parts, Ac., pi. of j*~J 

nand &»j~i\ uqmma-t. 
s iqdsir, pi. of j*Jrt aqsar, 

shorter. 
«j*lfl aqdsi, pi. of ^-^ , extreme, 

farthest. 
j*cUft aqdsir, pi. fords, 
ijoa-olrt aqdsis, tales, stories, pi. of 

gLU\ aqafi', cut off branches, Ac., 
pi. of £ja» gaf t*. 

ge^jft aqdji', objects sent to indi- 
cate the break of friendship, pi. 
of fejJLA u#ti'a-*. 

flVrt iqdla-t, legal annullation of 
a bargain ; pardon ; watering 
(beasts) at noon ; (m.) deliver- 
ance, release. 

f*e!l2\ aqdlim, climates, Ac, pi. of 
t*&\ iqlim. 

&*\i\ iqdma-t, staying, remaining, 
stopping ; establishing ; per- 
forming; raising of the dead; 
the second and last call for 
prayer. 

(*J\i\ aqdnim, roots, Ac, pi. of fy*\ 
uqnum, q.v. 

fjVi\ aqdwim^ faW aqdwim=fiiS>\ 
q.v. 

JtjW aqdwil, speeches, sayings, Ac, 
pi. of Jji qavl. 

(d&\ aqdyim, peoples, tribes, Ac, 
pi. of (>£ qaum. 

s-J\ aqabo, f. qdbbd 9 , pi. s-1 qdbb, 
having a very slender waist. 

Jl*ft iqbctt, approach ; arrival ; 



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J*\ 



coining first ; favouring ; pro- 
speritj. 
C& aqbahy viler, vilest; more or 
most infamous, comp. of £*** 
qabih. 
****t aqbiya-t, overcoats, &c, pi. of 

W* qabd\ 
(ct-i\)=«^ waqt, time, epoch; — 

ii. iA*2\ aqqat, fix a time. 
u*W^ iqtibdsy fetching fire from 

another's hearth ; borrowing ; 

acquiring; borrowed thoughts. 
Jl«-sS\ iqtibdly accepting ; reception ; 

consent. 
fWx*\ iqtihdm, rashness, temerity. 
\*x3\ iqtidd\ imitation, emulation. 
^±sS\ iqtiddr, power ; wealth. 
s+>\fj\ iqtirdb, approaching. 
t^y^ iqtirdh, improvisation ; (m.) 

invention. 
[J>\jss\ iqtirdd, borrowing money. 
£\fi\ iqtird', casting lots ; (m.) 

scuffle. 
y\jzi\ iqtirdn, joining, coupling, 

pairing. 
jUxrt iqtisdd, moderation, economy ; 

U^U*J\ ^ jLoiM ^ Hlmu-'l- 

iqtisdd-i fi-'Umasdrif-i, book- 
keeping. 
; Usi\ iqtisdr, abbreviation, abridge- 
ment ; restriction. 
^pUsrt iqtisds, report ; revenge. 
Usi^ iqtidd\ exigency ; requisite ; 

necessary consequence ; demand. 
cJlkdrt iqtitdf, plucking, gathering, 

selecting. 
gsi\ aqta 1 , more contemptible. 
Usi\ iqtifd\ following upon one's 

heels ; imitation ; giving the 

preference; friendly reception. 
\i&\ iqtind 1 , acquiring, receiving, 

possessing. 
^pUstf iqtinds, hunting. 
gUxrt iqtind', being satisfied. 
cW^ -aqhdhy pi. of £> quhh, pure, 

<fcc. 
&*fett aqhama-t, severe cold, 
(j)^^**^ uqhuwdn, pi. aqdh-in,aqdhiyy, 

camomile ; j*2N <j»\*\ aqdfyiyyu-l- 

amr'i f first beginnings. 



<&\ aqudd, S aqidda-t, statures, &c, 
pi. of *tf qadd. 

p\£i\ aqddm, feet, <&c, pi. of (*<& 
qadam ; — iqddm, advancing ; 
boldness; endeavour; diligence. 

ct*S\ aqddh, cups, pi. of fr 3 * qadah. 

t^ aqdah, fly. 

jAJ\ aqdar, f . qadrd', more powerful, 
wealthier. 

pS>\ aqdam, foremost, boldest; 
older. 

\j»\ aqrd\ canals, acqueducts, pi. 
of ^ qariyy ; — pi. rhymes. 

c\^rt aqrdh, ulcerating. 

jV^ WW) confirmation, affirina- 
tion; confession ; acknowledg- 
ment of a duty or debt ; bond ; — 
^5 iqrdriyy, truthful ; confirmed. 

y*Ui\ iqrdd, lending money ; sum 
lent. 

£\f\ iqrd', faulty rhyme. 

q\j*\ aqrdn, peers, equals, &c, pi. 
of (^* qarin. 

s^ aqrab, nearer ; more probable ; 
pi. aqrab tin, aqdrib, near rela- 
tions. 

£j2>\ aqra\ f. qar'd', pi. qur', qur'dn, 
bald (in consequence of illness) 
naked ; peeled ; grazed off 
empty ; complete (number) 
pi. aqdri', very hard ; cutting, 
sharp ; clever ; al-qard\ yard 
calamity. 

*>Jj*\ aqraf, crimson. 

fhfl aqrarn, stallion (for breeding). 

<kji\ aqriya-t, canals, aqueducts, pi. 
of <sf qariyy. 

Jjj\ aqzal, pi. aqdzil, halting, limp- 
ing ; having thin legs ; wolf. 

p\~3\ aqsdm, parts, portions, pi. of 
^-i qi8m ; — oaths, pi. of (+~* 
qasam. 

U-~i\ aqsimd\ parts, portions, pi. 
of j*~* qism ; — pi. of ^«-i qasim, 
sharer, co-heir. 

&~>i\ aqi88a-t, priests, pi. of ( j - i»" i 

qa8L8. 

Z+y~J\ uqsi>ma-t, pi. aqdsim, portion, 

lot ; destiny, fate. 
gAJfl aqsa', more elevated; of higher 

rank or birth. 



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US^ cw^a', pi. of ^-5 qasiyy and ^U 
qds-in, far distant. 

^«S\ aqsar, f. qasrd, pi. aqdsir, 
shorter; having an emaciated 
neck. 

&*j*S\ (t*g5i2sa-Q, pi. aqdsis, stories, 
tales. 

{u fo5\ aqsa, f. qaswd, qasyd, pi. 
a^ofi, more or most distant; 
last; extreme. 

<j&\ aqadd, f. qaddd\ hard, peb- 
bled ; not flexible (coat of 
mail) ; US &W jamd'a-t qaddd', 
troop of people armed to the 
teeth. 

ifi*\ aqda, more or most judicious ; 
— 8 aqdiya-t, fates, decrees, 
judgments, Ac., pi. of US qadd. 

Qs&\) aqf, iqt, uqt> <**&) pL aqtdn, 
a friable cheese of congelated 
cream ; — aqif, indigestible ; — 
aqaf, i, inf. aqf, prepare a dish 
with the said cheese, give a 
person to eat of it ; throw 
the. adversary to the ground; 
mix ; — iv. inf. i'qfd 9 , have 
plenty of cheese. 

jUaA aqfdr, tracts (of land), Ac, pi. 
of j£i qu(r. 

gUoS\ aqjd*, pi. of glaS qfy* and gJaS 
<ja££\ q.v. ; — iqfd', cutting, lop- 
ping; assigning lands on ten- 
ure ; — 8 iqtd'a-t, feudal tenure, 
assigned for military service. 

Q\le3\ aqtdn, cottons, pi. of yj& qufn, 
qv4un f qu(unn. 

gLS\ aqta\ f. qafd'. pi. quf, qu( ( dn, 
having his hand cut off; cut off; 
interrupted ; dumb ; sharper, 
more cutting ; aUaq(a l dn, sword 
and pen ; (m.) worse, more 
wicked ; — aqtu\ I aqti'a-t, cut 
off branches, pi. of gja* qati*. 

♦J&S\ agr/a/, who gathers more; what 
itches more. 

&efe&\ uqfu'a-t, pi. aqdfi 6 , object 
sent to cut a person's friend- 
ship. 

•>Us\ iq'dd, causing to sit ; disease 
which compels to a sitting posi- 



tion ; weakness of the hips ; 

halting, limping. 
<***\ aq'ad, juster, more legal (m.) ; 

— * aq'ida-t, young camels, pi. 

of oyti qu'ud. 
{j~*S\ aq'a&y f. qas l d\ pi. qu% 

having the back drawn in and the 

chest protruded ; having a high 

croup ; ant ; firmly grounded ; 

powerful ; long. 
U&\ aqf -in, see <J*\ aqfi. 
to\ aqfd 9 , the same ; — iqfd' t pre- 
ference, rv. of (y*S). 
j\ti\ iqfdr, being ruined, deserted ; 

finding a town destroyed and 

desolate. 
ijXift aqfds, cages, Ac, pi. of j*& 

qafas. 
JW aqfdf, stony hills, Ac, pi. of 

«-AS quff. 
JU$\ aqfdl, locks, bolts, Ac, pi. of 

Jtf qufl, q.v. 
ytifl aqfar, uncultivated, f. qufra, 

desert. 
{j»ti\ aqfo8 y f. qafsd*, born from a 

free woman by a slave; long 

and making folds ; f . intestines, 

bowels, 
u*^ a qfi (*-*** aqf -in), S aqfiya-t, 

occiputs, Ac, pi. of Us qaf-an 9 
\afd, 
aqaU x less, least ; smaller; 

rarer; poor; f. qulld, the little 

one ; aqall-an, at least. 
*rt aqilld', pi. of J*lS qalil, little, 

few, Ac. 
*>^ aqldd, pi. of ^\ iqlid, neck. 
£3M iqld', intermission of a fever ; 

eradicating, pulling out. 
J!W iqldl, poverty. 
f$&\ aqldm, pens, Ac., pi. of jJS 

qalam. 
s*& aqlab, f. qalbd', turned over, 

overthrown ; having turned-up 

lips. 
^1S\ aqlahy f. qalhd, pi. qvfy, having 

yellow teeth ; dung-ny. 
U>\ aqlat, hopeless, despairing. 
uM\ aqldf f. qalfd\ pi. qvlf> un- 

circumcised; fertile; luxurious; 

full of notches. 



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W 



fjW w$Zt2m, hunting-hut (m.). 

^tWiqlid, key; ring for the nose 
(of a camel) ; wire ; rope of 
palm-leaves ; pi. aqldd, neck. 

u-Mit iqlidas, Euclid. 

<jW iqlilan, the whole of any- 
thing. 

fM iqlim, pi. aqdlim, climate; 
zone ; region, tract, province. 

W**W iqlimiyd', scum and vapour 
of melting metals. 

jUjA aqmdr, moons, pi. of j*i qamar; 
— adversaries ina game of chance, 
pi. of j*4i qamir. 

£Ui\ iqmd', taming; subduing; sub- 
mission. 

r*^ aqmar, f . qamrd', pi. ^wwr, 
shining white ; shining like the 
moon; moonlit; al-qamrd', moon- 
lit night ; moonlight. 

******* aqmisa-t, stuffs, &c., pi. of 
\J*U* qvmdL 

*-+& aqmisa-t, shirts, &c, pi. of 
u**** qamis. 

&»*\ aqmita-ty swaddling clothes, 
Ac, pi. of tUi qimdf. 

Urt aqnd\ bright red ; — iqnd\ 
enriching ; — 8 aqnd'a-t, shady 
side. 

&*$ iqnd', satisfying, rendering 
content, persuading. 

**rt aqinna-t, slaves, <fec, pi. of yl 
qinn. 

f»j*rt uqmlm, pi. aqdnim, root ; per- 
son (of the Holy Trinity). 

o-*jft agwa, f. qanwd 9 , having an 
aquiline nose ; — S aqniya-t, 
canals, <fec, pi. of ^ qaniyy. 
yt& iqniz, small cup. 

*r*6*\ aqhab, f. qdhbd\ grey; aZ- 
aqhabdn, elephant and buffalo. 

\yi\ iqwd\ faulty rhyme. 

«>\ji\ aqwdt, victuals, &c, pi. of 
<oftS qut. 

u*V* aqwds, bows, pi. of y*y ^aw*. 
fUfl 0510^', plains, pi. of £tf ^a*. 
Jtyfi agwaZ, sayings, <fec., pi. of Jy 

ftji\ aqwdm, peoples, tribes, &c, 

pi. of fji qaum. 
•iji\ aqwady f. qaudd', pi. ywd, 



guidable ; long-necked ; high ; 

lengthy; miserly; skilful as a 

go-between ; f . high summit. 
If* aqwar, f. qaurd', spacious, 

roomy ; — al-aqwarun, al-aqwa- 

riyydt, great calamities. 
<j*y*l aqwaa, hard, cruel ; vaulted, 

arched ; far off ; long. 
Z?\ aqwu € y plains, pi. of fli qd ( . 
«-*jW aqwaf, clever physiognomist. 
ffl aqwam, more or most upright, 

Ac., comp. of ^>y qamm. 
<jy>\ aqtoa, stronger, richer. 
kfh aqwiyd\ pi. of ^ qawiyy, 

strong, vigorous, powerful, &c. 
(ojrt) aqa, inf. aqy, feel nauseous 

in consequence of illness. 
*>WJrt aqydd, fetters, &c, pi. of JuJ 

^ a<?yar, more bitter. 

&~*tA aqyisa-ty measures, &c, pi. of 

u*W* gtfyas, q.v. 
^ ag#, indigestible. 
0*N) akk, u, inf. afcfc, be very hot ; 

push back ; press ; be oppressed, 

contracted with anxiety ; — viii. 

inp. i'tikdk, be very hot ; throng ; 

be pressed (by business, &c.) ; 

knock against each other (feet) ; 

— 8 akka-t, suffocating heat ; 

plight ; tumult ; hatred, envy ; 

death. 
ffc\ akdbir, the great ones, gran- 
dees, pi. of j£\ akbar. 
*M\ ikdd, pi. akdyid, saddle-strap, 

girth-leather. 
s-s>«W akdzib, lies, pi. of fyX\ 

ukzuba-t. 
fi\ akkdr, pi. lf\ ahara-t, digger, 

peasant. 
u*jW akdri8, <j»ij&\ akdris, neigh- 
bouring houses, &c, pi. of u*/ 

hits: 
(*ljp\ akdrim, noble deeds, pi. of 

^•jr^ ukriima-t. 
y+\£\ akdsir, 2 akdsira-t, the Chos- 

roes, pi. of <4r*^ kisra. 
&-W akdsifa-t = &*U asdkifa-t, 

shoe-makers. 
*J\$\ ukdf, ikdf, pi. ukuf, saddle for 



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horses or asses ; — akhlf, maker 
of such saddles. 

J^ akdl, food ; — uMl, ikdl, itch ; 
— akkdl, voracious ; glutton. 

JJ^ akdlil, diadems, crowns, gar- 
lands, &c, pi. of J*lrt ma. 

(M\ dkdm, ikdm, chains of hills, pi. 
of f*£\ akam. 

f*e"k\ akdmim, sleeves, &c, pi. of 
f£ kimm. 

*&\ akdyid, girth-leathers, pi. of 
*K\ ikdd. 

*>W*\ ahbdd, livers, hearts, pi. of ±4 
Tcdbd, kibd, Jcdbid. 

^ aJcbad, f. kdbdd', stout, fat; 
slow; see Us*. 

F$\ akbar, pi. -un, f. kttbra, pi. 
kubar, greater ; older ; more 
important ; aUaJcbardn, the two 
first Caliphs ; al-akbar, aUknbra, 
the major term in a proposition ; 
pi. al-akdbir, the great ones, 
grandees ; — 8 akbirra-t, ikbirra-t, 
nearest related to the first an- 
cestor. 

«->^ aktdf, shoulders, pi. of U& 
&#/. kataf, katif. 

J^**\ iktihdl, anointing the eyes 
with colly rium. 

V 5 ^ iktird\ hiring, renting. 

*£>\^\ iktirds, sorrow, anxiety. 

\~^f\ iktiad*, dressing, putting on 
clothes. 

s^~^ iktisdb, acquiring, earning, 
gain. 

«-Asft aktaf, having broad shoul- 
ders ; having a lame shoulder 
(horse). 

\te£\ iktifd\ having enough ; being 
satisfied. 

vjUxSl iktindf, help, protection. 

aUs£\ iktindh, endeavour to under- 
stand a thing thoroughly. 

*£*S\ akass, f. kassd, pi. <LS kuss, 
dense ; with a dense beard. 

j£\ aksar, more numerous, more; 
— ^5 aksariyy, frequent; aksar- 
iyy-an, mostly ; — h aksariyya-t, 
plurality, generality. 

p£\ aksam, stout, fleshy; with a 



big belly ; satiated ; broad, 

wide. 
<***£\ akhat, short. 
J^ akhaly having the eye-lashes 

black by nature or blackened 

with collyrium ; black-eyed ; 

black. 
(<&) akady inf. akd, thresh corn ; 

— ii. inf. ta'kid, strengthen, 

fortify; — v. inf. ta'akkud, be 

strengthened, fortified. 
;^ akddr, troubles, pi. of ^ 

kadar. 
)^\ akdar, f. kadrd\ pi. kudr, 

troubled, turbid; aLakdar, tor- 
rent. 
*^A&\ ikzdby detecting a lie, causing 

to lie ; proving one to be a liar. 
*t>&\ akzab, more lying, falser, 

more deceitful. 
*tyW ukzuba-t, pi. akdzib, lie. 
G*ty akar, inf. akr, also v. inf. 

ta'akkur, dig the ground ; — 

8 ukra-t, pi. ukar, well. 
\/\ ikrd\ hiring, renting, letting. 
v>y^ ikrdb, haste, hurry; afflict- 
ing, troubling. 
p\j£\ ikrdm, honouring ; hospitable 

reception ; respect, reverence. 
&tf\<?\ ikrdmiya-t t a present in cash 

given to one in office. 
*yi ikrdh, disgust, aversion, horror, 

hatred, 
s^ akrab, more sorrowful, in 

greater anxiety. 
V~i\ aksd', back parts, pi. of <j~£ 

kw\ 
*\~S\ iksdd, being dull, languid. 
C~*A aksah, pi. kuhedn, lame. 
±~&\ aksad, dull (market). 
£~- ^ aksa', having a white spot on 

the forehead (horse, &c). 
im r~Z\ aksa, better dressed or dress- 
ing (others) ; — 3 aksiya-t, dresses, 

pi. of ^~* ki8&\ 
±t~£\ uksid, oxyde (m.). 
^-*\ iksir, elixir, philosopher's 

stone. 
j>*£\ aksar, who shows his teeth. 
«JU£\ aksaf, f. Icasfd', pi. kusfdn, 

uncovered ; open ; (fighting) 



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without shield or helmet ; avoid- 
ing the combat. 

p**\ akfam, lynx ; injured. 

W^ a¥d\ pi., boasting and cowardly . 

(*Jtf\) ii. aklcaf, saddle; — ukuf, 
saddles, pi. of U&\ ukdf, ikdf ; 

— akuff, pi. of Utf kaff, palm of 
the hand; — S akiffa-t, livings, 
livelihoods, &c, pi. of wJVtf 
kafdf. 

W ak/d\ pi. of y^ kafw, equal, &c, 

q.v. ; — $/«', dissonance of vowels 

in a rhyme, 
r*^ akfah, black. 
yfj6*t ikfihrdr, shining of the stars, 

and, by opposition, darkness. 
(J^) akal, u, inf. a&Z, ma'kal, 

imp. fcttZ, eat, consume; — inf. 

ikla-t, ukdl, akdl, scratch ; gain ; 

— akil, inf. akdl, be eaten, cor- 
roded; be scratched; have an 
itching ; — n. inf. ta'kil, ask 
one to eat ; to give much to eat, 
eat much ; — in. inf. mu'dkala-t, 
ikdl, eat together with another, 
share in another's meal ; — iv. 
inf. i'kdl, give to eat, invite to 
eat; sow discord; bring forth 
fruit; bring one in another's 
power ; — v. inf. ta'akkul, shine 
brightly; — v., vin. inf. i'tikdl, 
get corroded ; burst into a rage, 
fly into a passion ; — x. inf. 
titi'kdl, ask for something to 
eat ; ruin. 

J^ akil, eating, corroding; also 
dkil, pi. akdl, tyrant, king; pi. 
akala-t, eating ; — ukl, ukul, food, 
victuals, livelihood ; pasture ; 
fruit ; goods of the world ; — ukl, 
prudence, intelligence ; solidity 
(of materials) ; — S akila-t, ikla-t, 
itching ; cancer, gangrene ; — 
akla-t, meal ; — akla-t, ukla-t, 
ikla-t, calumny ; — ukla-t, pi. 
ukal, morsel, mouthful; — uka- 
la-t, hearty eater, glutton; — 
dkila-U herd ; cancer; — akilla-t, 
diadems, &c, pi. of ^\ ikllm. 

s-J^ aklab, more like a dog. 

W\ aklat, limping, halting. 



Ute\ aklaf, f. kalfd\ pi. kulf, dark 
yellow, brown ; al-aklaf, lion ; 
al-kalfd\ wine. 

Jal^ iMil, pi. akdlU, akilla-t, front- 
let, circlet, diadem, crown ; the 
white of the eyes ; the flesh round 
the root of a nail ; the 27th sta- 
tion of the moon ; — ^ ikliliyy, 
the seam of the skull. 

(f£\) akam, pi. ikdm, dkdm, ukum, 
dkum, chain of hills; — 8 aka- 
ma-t, pi. ohm, rising ground, 
hill, heap of stones ; — ukim, 
pass, be quite eaten up (pasture 
ground) ; — x. inf. iatUkdm, be 
hilly ; find a place soft (for 
sitting upon). 

US\ akmd', pi. of ^ kamiyy, 
armed from head to foot ; brave. 

JU^ ikmdl, completion, perfection. 

pU^ akmdm, flower-sheaths, &c, 
pi. of fS kimm ; — sleeves, pi. of 
f£ kumm. 

J*^ akmal, more or most perfect. 

*+S\ akmah, born blind ; rich of 
herbs. 

j*tf ahmu\ mushrooms, truffles, pi. 
of fS kam\ 

sj>\£\ akndf, sides, tracts, Ac, pi. 
of <-JU£ kanaf. 

q\j£\ akndn, veils, &c, pi. of ^ 
kinn. 

te\ akinna-t, veils, coverings, &c", 
pi. of (^ kindn ; — ukna-t, 
nest. 

eV^ akwdh, huts, &c, pi. of €* 
kdh and tf kuh. 

<±\f\ akwdd, troops, squadrons, 
&c, pi. of *f kaud ; — heaps of 
earth, pi. of ***£ kauda-t. 

)\f\ akwdz, cups, &c, pi. of }/ 
kuz. 

g\/\ akwd 1 , wrists, pi. of & kd< 
and Zfi ku'. 

p\y£\ akwdm, heaps of earth, &c, 
pi. of &•/ Mma-t, q.v. 

y-/\ aku's, cups, <fcc, pi. of <j*tf 
lea's ; — akwas, prettier, comp. of 
\j~if kuwayyti. 

£f\ ahva 1 , f. kau ( d\ having a 



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sprained wrist ; having big ankles 
or knuckles. 
^/\ aMl, gluttonous, voracious ; 

— akwal, elevated ; al-akwal, 
rising of the ground ; — S 
akula-t, fatted beast ; — ukdla-t, 
bait. 

py£\ akwam, f. kautnd', pi. kum, 
high, elevated ; aUakwamdn, the 
nipples; \+f kuma', having a 
high hump (camel). 

t\£\ akydh, mountain slopes or 
ridges, pi. of c^ kdh and &f 
kih. 

u*W^ akyds, purses, <fec, pi. of 
ere* Ms ; — pi. of v~t$ kayyis, 
cunning, intelligent, <&c. 

JW^ akydl, measures, &c., pi. of 
Jts^ kail. 

*e*\ ahid, firm, strong; certain, 
positive, true. 

yi*l akyas, f . kisd', kusd 9 , prudent, 
cunning ; — prettier, comp. of 
(jHt^ kwwayyw. 

*d*f\ dkik t very hot. 

J**\ akU, f. **, eating, devouring ; 
eatable (adj., s.) ; bait; table- 
companion. 

Q\) all, tj, inp. all, be agitated, 
moved, hurry in agitation ; hasten 
anywhere; tremble, quiver; shine, 
glitter ; drive away ; irritate 
against ; pierce ; sew, stitch ; — 
inp. all, alal, alii, sigh ; cry out 
aloud imploringly or from pain ; 
murmur (water) ; dress the ears 
(horse) ; refuse to chase (fal- 
con) ; — alii, A, inp. alal, be 
corrupted, have a nasty smell; 

— ii. inp. ta'lil, sharpen into a 
point. 

J\ al, Arabic definite article, joined 
in writing to the following word, 
and in pronunciation (by wasla-t) 
to the previous one, as : •x«*H 
al-'abdu, the slave; **U*M *** 
'abdu-'Lmalik-i, the slave of the 
king ; —dl (v.), see ( Jjt) ; — dl, 
pi. awdl, family, race, dynasty; 
vapour round the sun ; mirage ; 
object, person, thing ; prop ; — 



dLin, see J\ dli; — all, sigh, 
call, cry ; — ill, covenant ; oatn ; 
relationship ; neighbour ; origin ; 
hatred ; God ; religion ; — ull, the 
first ; — I dla4, pi. dldt, tool, in- 
strument (also musical); engine; 
member ; bier, hearse ; prop, sup- 
port; dla-t, a family or tribe; 
steam, vapour ; condition ; — 
alla-t, pi. all, alal, ildl, short 
lance with a broad iron ; — 
illa-t, pi. Hal, relationship ; 
groaning ; — ulla~t, pi. ulal, a 
herd on a distant pasture. 

!R a-ld, nonne? is it not so? 
halloa ! — aid 9 , wild bullocks ; — 
did 9 , benefits, boons, pi. of J\ 
ily ; — a?-Za=S q\ an Id, that 
not, lest; — U-ld=$ q\ in Id, if 
not, unless, except ; less, e.g. U&\ 
0*fltf %\ alf Hid saldsin, one thou- 
sand less thirty, 970; — ulld-^ 
J^ via, these. 

f&\ aVdm, pi. of (**£ la'vm, equal, 
similar. 

va>^ dldt, instruments, <fec, pi. of 
W dla-t ; — uldt, female posses- 
sors, see }$ Ulu and ^ zu. 

Jf}\ dldtiyy, musician. 

lSi\ Udda-t, birth. 

v*y\ ulds, madness. 

wiN aVaf, friends, <fcc, pi. of U&\ 
ilf ; — did/ and *a>W ald/dt, 
thousands, pi. of U&\ alf; — 
ulld/, companions, pi. of U&\ 
dli/ 

c5 55\ aldqiyy, riddles, <&c, pi. of 
&*&\ vlqiyya-L 

**M ulldk, those. 

JIN dial, lie ; — ildl, lances, pi. of 
&\ alla-t 

f&\ aVam, rejoined (what was 
broken) ; — more to be blamed ; 
— dldm, pains, sorrows, pi. of 
(J\ alam ; — iZttwa=U J\ ila 
md, until when ; until. 

<$\ aUdn, now, at present. 

aN ildh, God, see A\ ildk; — * 
uldha-t, divinity ; — ^ ildhiyy, f . 
8 , divine. 



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U&\ ald'if, pi. of UlJ\ alif, familiar, 
intimate. 

(s-«N) alab, i, u, inf. alb, assemble, 
gather together from all sides ; 
drive together; be driven to- 
gether ; collect ; hasten ; return ; 
rain continually ; — n. inf. ta'lib, 
drive speedily along; incite to 
enmity ; — v. inf. ta'allvb, as- 
semble (n.), gather together. 

s-«N alb, urging; instigating; vivid 
affection, sympathy ; violent 
heat; fever-heat; thirst; first 
membrane of a healing wound ; 
skin; poison; stratagem; — ilb, 
span between thumb and fore- 
finger ; assembly ; a poisonous 
tree ; — 8 vXba-t, hunger. 

WH alibbd 9 , pi. of s-**J labib, clever, 
&c. 

v>WN albdb, pi. of s-J lubb, heart, 
mind, intellect ; — throats, <fcc., 
nl. of s-*J labab. 

I»WI\ albdf, pi. skins. 

s~«tt aJbub, vessels of the heart, 
heart ; pi. of s-J lubb. 

Z*£\ aUbatlat-an, certainly, by all 
means, altogether, on the whole. 

<j~J\ albas, f. labsd', enveloping 
everything; UJ £*&U ddhiya-t 
labsd*, immense calamity ; — 8 
albua-t, garments, pi. of <j*W 
libds. 

v>**N aUnib, uBmb* kernel of the 
lotus-fruit. 

(ts*tt) alat, i, inf. aU, injure any- 
one in his right ; restrain ; ward 
off; compel one to an oath or 
to give evidence ; calumniate ; — 
iv. inf. Mat, injure. 

oJ\ alt, false accusation, calumny ; 
— aUat, aUati=^\ allati, f. of 
i2&\ attazi, which, who. 

U J+A\ iltibds, ambiguity, doubt; 
confusion, chaos; disquietude; 
epilepsy. 

*Udt iltisdm, kiss, kissing. 

\+A\ Utijd', seeking refuge with. 

gt^stt iltijdj, heaving of waves. 

gstt aUah, more sagacious in inter- 
preting. 



W*H iltihd 1 , becoming bearded. 

fW*N UUhdm, union, alliance ; at- 
tachment ; healing (wound) ; 
growing fierce (battle). 

S\&\ Utizdz, tasting, enjoying, 
relishing. 

f>\j£\ iltizdm, necessity ; obligation ; 
dependence; adhesion; renting; 
taking the public revenues on 
farm. 

«t>U*N Utifdt, turning round ; atten- 
tion ; solicitude ; favour ; sudden 
transition in a speech. 

\&&\ iltiqd', interview, meeting, en- 
counter, mingling together. 

i\&&\ iUiqdt, chance, hazard, acci- 
dent. 

^WaH iltimds, petition, prayer, 
supplication. 

s^N iltihdb, conflagration, inflam- 
mation. 

\y&\ Utiwd', complication, involu- 
tion. 

i j&\ allati, f . of i£&\ allazi, which, 
who ; — allati and dim. allatayyd', 
calamity. 

tW*N iltiydh, thirst ; glittering, 
sparkling. 

p\3&\ ilti'dm, reuniting (n.); re- 
joining (n.) ; agreement ; (m.) 
council. 

£&\ aha 1 , who pronounces badly 
the letters «±> and £ . 

£&\ alsag, who pronounces badly, 
stammerer, lisper. 

V^J\ iljd 9 , compulsion. 

glq»tt iljdj, (m.) molestation, im- 
portunity. 

f>\4i\ iljdm, bridling. 

£+*tt aljima-t, bridles, pi. of f\*i 
lijdm. 

i j^\ aljiyy, musician ; — ilchi 
(Turk.), ambassador ; plenipo- 
tentiary ; legate. 

tWN ilfrdfr, importunity. 

•>V*N ilhdd, impiety ; apostasy ; 
heresy. 

jlfett ilfrdq, reaching ; adding ; 
annexing; affiliation; aggrega- 
tion; codicil. 



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& 



rt 



ub\ 



C)Wt alhdn, notes, modulations, pi. 
of q)^ lahn ; — ilhdn, song. 

<S+)\ aUhaqq, truly, really, in fact. 

p^\ alhum, kinds or pieces of 
flesh, pi. of (+<J lahm. 

i$*i\ alhan, having an agreeable 
enunciation ; good singer. 

J\ alha, having a long beard. 

(f}\) alah, viii. £s*\ i'talah, become 
complicated, getting difficult ; 
grow high and luxuriantly ; 
mingle together ; turn sour. 

(}\ , abbreviation for *jt»\ ^\ ila 
dhiri-hi, to the end of it, i.e. 
etc. 

(jjafcN alhan, pi. lufyn, f. lahnd, 
uncircumcised ; smelling badly. 

^jafctt alha, f. lafrwd', garrulous, 
talkative ; see \jk$ . 

(jfl), pass, ulid, be born ; — v. 
become confused. 

A\ aladd, pi. Ivdd, liddd, very 
quarrelsome ; contentious ; long- 
necked (camel) ; — 8 t'Wa-<=5^ 
wilda4, children, sons, &c, pi. 
of ^ walad and ^ walid. 

u*\>A\ aldd8, pi. of vr*^ ladis, 
fleshy. 

&\ allaz, aUazi, ^^\ allazi, f . c^N 
allat, allati, ^\ allati, du. q\&\ 
allazdni, f. <J\d\ allatdni, pi. 
Ql&\ allazina, f. »)W\ allati, 
which, who ; — alazz, sweeter, 
more pleasant, more delightful ; 
— 8 alizza-t, people who live in 
enjoyment. 

(jf\) alaz, i, inf. alz, firmly adhere 
to (s-> hi) ; — aliz, inf. alaz, be 
agitated, disquieted. 

jfyH Uzdq, making to adhere, ce- 
menting, glueing ; attaching. 

p\}\ ilzdm, compulsion ; necessi- 
tating. 

f}\ alzam, more or most neces- 
sary. 

q£\ alzan, difficult, hard. 

(cr^) alas, i, inf. aU, betray; 
deceive ; lie ; steal ; err, be of a 
wrong opinion ; — pass, be vio- 
lently agitated, in emotion ; — 
in. inf. LJ\y mu'dlaea-t, de- 



ceive ; betray ; — v. inf. ta' alius, 
feel pain ; be agitated. 

(j~l\ als, deceit, treachery, lie ; 
theft ; bad race ; corrupted 
state; madness. 

i$~A\ alsan, pi. lusn, eloquent ; — 
alsun, 8 alsina-t, tongues, &c, 
pi. of 0^-J lisdn. 

yflft alass, f. lassd', having some 
parts of the body (shoulders, 
teeth, &c.) too close together ; 
having a narrow forehead ; more 
thievish. 

^UaK als as, robbers, pi. of <jA la$s, 
liss, hiss. 

jUN ilsdq, adhesion, rv. (OH*). 

loft alatt, toothless, having bad 
teeth. 

4-ALN alfaf, more lovely ; kinder, 
corap. of <-4fiU la(if. 

UH aVa ', bones of the fingers. 

g\*«3\ uVvbdn, who is fond of play, 
of game. 

e*s*ft aVas, slow, heavy, ponderous. 

Z*fS\ uVuba-t, play, pleasantry. 

£H ulug (Turk.), great, powerful. 

Ul\ ilga, omission ; abolishing ; 
annulling. 

jUtt algdz, riddles, pi. of y& lugz. 

fyjti ulguza-t, riddle. 

(Utf\) alif, first letter of the Arabic 
alphabet; hence: n. aUaf, inf. 
ta'Uff write an alif; — alf, pi. 
uluf, dldf, aldfdt, thousand ; 
hence: alaf, I, give a thousand 
pieces ; n., iv. inf. i'ldf, make 
the thousand full ; — become 
raised to a thousand. 

(Utf\) alif, a, inf. ilf, alf, accustom 
one's self to (ace.) ; grow tame ; 
hence n. unite, establish friend- 
ship (between others) ; compose 
a book ; — iv. accustom anyone 
to, become accustomed to ; gain 
one's confidence and favour by 
intercourse ; — v., viii. assemble 
(n.) ; — viii. have familiar inter- 
course. 

«Jfctt ilf, pi. aVdf, friend, companion, 
confidant (also female) ; — alif, 
bachelor ; friend, companion ; 



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— uluf, pi. of «-JjH aluf, very 
familiar ; — dlaf, tamer, more 
f amiliar ; — dlif, pi. u>1\ ulldf, 
f. S dlifa-t, pi. «i>\ -«£ and 
awdlif, friend, companion ; — 
alaff, f. laffV, pi. luff, impli- 
cated in difficult business, not 
equal to such ; awkward ; slow ; 
with a heavy pronunciation ; 
densely populated ; thronged ; 
f . fleshy thigh ;— $ Mfa-t, female 
companion ; — ulfa4, familiar 
intercourse. 

iW alfdz, words, &c, pi. of ^ 
lafz. 

*j>\&\ alfdf, densely grown trees, 
gardens with luxuriant vegeta- 
tion, pi. of U& Uff, faff. 

<**A5\ alfat, f. laftd\ awkward ; 
stupid. 

«^Ai\ alfas, stupid ; foolish. 

«*UN alfak, awkward, stupid. 

(<jp\) aliq, a, inf. alq, ildq, deceive ; 
shine, glitter, flash ; — pass, 
be mad ; — v. inf. ta'alluq, 
sparkle ; gleam ; shine (with 
jewelry) ; raise the head and 
be ready for quarrel (a woman) ; 

— viii. inf. i'tildq, flash (light- 
ning). 

<J^ illaq, flashing ; — Mq, f. S 
pi. Maq, wolf ; female ape ; — 8 
ulqa-t, flash, glitter. 

VaN alqd 9 , pi. of Sytf laqwa4, Uqwa4, 
female eagle, alert woman ; — 
pi. of ^ laqan, what is thrown 
away as worthless ; — ilqd\ 
throwing away, &c, iv. of (J#), 
q.v. 

*r>\&\ alqdb, titles of honour, &c, 
pi. of s-^5 laqab* 

% J&\ alaqa, irascible woman; shrew; 

— S ulqiyya-t, pi. aldqiyy, riddle, 
problem ; aUaldqiyy, calamities. 

(oa\N) alak, inf. alk, bite the 
bridle ; send ; — pass, be mad ; 

— x. inf. i&ti'ldh, bring a mes- 
sage, a letter. 

jtfM aUcad, who never leaves home ; 
cowardly. 



J O^N, c5> alkaniyy, who speaks with 
difficulty, with an impediment. 
JN alal, the shoulders ; side of a 

blade ; — alal, lances, pi. of &\ 

alla-t; — Hal, relationships, pi. 

of &\ illa-t ; — ulal, herds on a 

distant pasture, pi. of &\ ulla-L 
W alia 1 , JM\ alhVi, q„M alldwun, 

{#t*!M\ alldybi, pi. of «^M aUazi, 

which, who. 
ijN\ , pi. f. which, who. 
undW, Utt, JJU=c^, &c, q.v. 

under &\ . 
W*M allatayyd, calamity ; dim. of 

<J^\ alldti, f . which, who. 
&\ alldh, God, see *tt ildh. 
(J\ = jj\ a-lam, interrogative, nonne ? 

(also Utt a-lammd) ; — alam, pi. 

dldm, pain, grief ; (m.) irritation; 

passion ; — alim, dlim, feeling 

pain. 
(i^\) alim, a, inf. alam, feel pain, 

ache ; — iv. inf. iHldm, pain, 

cause pain; — v. inf. ta'allum, 

feel pain ; be irritated ; be re- 
vengeful ; grudge. 
<j*UM almds, diamond. 
£U1\ ilmd', shining ; cracking the 

fingers ; stealing. 
&S\ alma 1 , having a vivid mind ; 

vivacious, 
^s**^ almaHyy, vivacious; liar; — 

S almaHyya-t, vivacity. 
^5*^ alma, f. lamyd, having dark 

red lips ; shady ; cold of spittle. 
g^\ alanjaj, t£)+A\ alanjuj, aloe. 
*>^\ alandad, quarreller ; screamer. 
(*N) alak, inf. Mdha4, uluha4, 

uluhiyya-t, adore; — alih, inf. 

alak, be perplexed, confused; 

be very much afraid of (<J^ 

'ala) ;. seek help or refuge with 

(<J\ Ma) ; — inf. alh, grant 

shelter or security to (ace.); — 

ii. inf. ta'Uh, deify a being; 

make one a slave ; — iv. inf. 

ildh, help, rescue ; — v. inf. 

ta'alluh, adore. 
*tt, IN Mali, pi. dliha-t) god, divinity; 

with art. iSM alldh) the one true 

10 



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God ; *UW bi-'lldki, Wt ta'Udhi, 
tU\) wa'lldhi, by God ; <& IL'lldhi, 
for God's sake, to God ; — dlih, 
perplexed ; — S Udha-t, goddess ; 
coll. deities, false gods, idols; 
adoration ; passionate love ; half 
moon ; sun ; snake. 

«*>W ilhdb, inflaming, kindling (s.). 

(ty\ ilhdm, divine inspiration, 
revelation ; instinct. 

£**W ulhdniyya-t, deity ; adora- 
tion. 

f^\ allahumrna, God ! by God ! 

*r>)d\ ulhub, mettle of a steed, of a 
race-horse; heat. 

i$\ ulhuwwa-t, &*$\ ulhiyya-t, toy, 
pastime, amusement ; funny 
question. 

{ jfi\ ildhiyy, f . S , divine ; fJ* 
oW^ l ilm al-ildhiyydt, theo- 
logy, divinity ; metaphysics. 

(f\) aid, tj, inf. alw, uluww, aliyy, 
alan, be not equal to a thing or 
person, therefore hesitate, desist ; 
with negative : be not afraid of ; 
— be haughty, proud; — iv. swear, 
take an oath ; — v. swear ; be not 
equal to a thing ; be haughty ; — 
viii. inf. i'tild', be not equal to 
and desist, fail ; swear ; — x. 
desist from a thing on account 
of its difficulty. 

£\ alw, benefit, favour, present; 
excrement of sheep ; — uluww, 
wood for fumigation; (distance 
of a) bow-shot ; race-course ; 
abundance; — S alwa-t, arrow- 
shot ; — alwa-t, ilwa-t, ulwa-t, 
aluwwa~t, iluwwa-t, uluwwa-t, 
oath; — alwa-t, uluwwa4, riches, 
plenty, large number; fragrant 
wood for fumigation. 

t\f\ alwdfy, planks, Ac, pi. of t} 
laufc. 

*\f\ alwdd, pi. ill-wishers, ill-dis- 
posed persons. 

g\jtt alwd\ pi. of gS Id', timorous, 
Ac. 

y\f\ alwdn, colours, shades, kinds, 
Ac, pi- of q£ laun. 

«6>y\ alwa*, f. lausd, soft, flabby, 



and, by opposition, vigorous, 
energetic; foolish. 

*ij\ alwad, pi. alwdd, unjust; re- 
fractory. 

u*y\ alus, something (with nega- 
tive, nothing). 

wJjM alu/, pi. uluf, very familiar; 
— uhif, thousands, pi. of <-&\ 
alf. 

£^\ alwaq, stupid. 

&£\ aliiqa-t, cream with dates ; 
butter. 

cgjy\ aluh, messenger ; — uliik, S 
uHJca-t, message. 

f jtt alwam, more to be blamed ; — 
8 aluma-t, vice ; abominations. 

Zjt>$\ uluha-t, &*b}\ uluhiyya-t, 
divinity, divine essence. 

,J\ ila, to, unto, until ; — ily, ilan, 
pi. did', benefit ; — dli ( J\ dl-in), 
f . £ , too weak, insufficient ; — 
aliyy, who takes many oaths, 
swears frequently ; — S alya-t, 
pi. alydt, aldyd', sheep with a 
rich tail ; calf (of the leg) ; 
fleshy part of the hips ; — aliy- 
ya-t, oath. 

U«tt alydt, reeds, spears, Ac, pi. of 
*W Uta-t. 

*±*J\ alyas, pi. Its, strong, coura- 
geous. 

tj^ a-laisa, is not? — alyas, pi. 
Us, courageous ; noble ; gene- 
rous ; lion ; strong and willing ; 
by opposition, cowardly; not 
jealous. 

£j\ alyag, who pronounces badly ; 
stupid. 

<-A«J\ alt/, pi. aldM/, intimate, fa- 
miliar ; friend, companion. 

ijy£\ alyaq, more appropriate, 
fitter. 

JaW alii, grief of a mother at the 
loss of children ; ague, shivering 
from fever ; murmuring of water, 
Ac. ; — alyal, f . laild, long and 
dark (night, lit* more of a night 
than another). 

f*H\ alim, painful, aching. 

y*f\ alyan, softer, more delicate* 



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^\ alyind 9 , pi. of &£ layyin, soft, 

<fec. 
^ aw, or ? (in the second part of 
a question), or not? yes, cer- 
tainly. 
(?\) amm, u, inf. amm, intend, 
strive after ; go towards a place ; 
repair to ; visit ; strike on the 
middle of the skull ; — inf. 
amm, imam, imdma-t, go in 
front, lead, give an example to 
others ; command ; — amm, for 
amim, inf. umuma-t, be or 
become mother ; — inf. amam, 
be close together; — n. inf. 
ta'mim, ordain ; — n., v. inf. 
ta'ammum, intend ; — in. inf. 
mu'dmma, be clear, evident; be 
near; approach; find fit, con- 
venient ; — v. consider as one's 
mother, take for a mother ; 
make one's ablutions with earth 
instead of water; — vin. inf. 
i'timdm, intend; imitate; take 
for an example ; — x. inf. 
isti'mdm, consider as one's 
mother, take for a mother ; take 
for a guide. 
f>\ am, or ? Ja p\ am hal, or not ? 
yes, certainly ; — amm, inten- 
tion ; — umm, pi. ummdt, urn- 
mahdt, mother ; du. ummdn, 
mother and mother-in-law ; 
origin, first principle, prototype ; 
ummahdt, elements of created 
things ; nation ; species ; fre- 
quently in composition with 
other words, as: /»U p\ umm 
€ dmir, hyena; q\jB\ f>\ ummu-U 
qur'dn, first chapter of the 
Koran ; ^^fiN p\ ummu-l-qura, 
Mecca, <fec. ; — dm, see (^) ; — 
5 ama-t, pi. a'm-in, dmi, imd', 
amawdi, amwdn, imwdn, umwdn, 
female slave ; — dma~t, rich 
harvest; grass; rain; placenta; 
— imma-t, favour, benefit ; rule 
of conduct ; kind ; form ; reli- 
gion ; leadership; — umma-t, pi. 
umum, assembly, crowd ; nation, 
tribe, family; partisans; crea- 



tures ; Imam ; form, figure ; 
mother; time, term; obedience; 
— dmma~t, broken skull. 

M a-md, is it not ? or not ? — cer- 
tainly, undoubtedly ; — ammd, 
but, but as to ; — immd, if ; 
immd-immd, whether or ; — imd 9 , 
female slaves, pi. of ama-L 

fciA imdta-t, killing, causing one's 
death. 

J»W imdsil, pi. of J*^ amsal, 
most like the model, exemplary ; 
aUamdsil, the great ones. 

^•^ amdjid, pi. of »W»\ amjad, 
nobler. 

&*M amddih, praises, noble deeds, 
pi. of £»jJt*\ umdiiha-t. 

j\"\ amdr, time or place of an ap- 
pointment, sign ; — imdr, order, 
decree, edict ; — ammdr, in- 
clined; commanding; dictatorial; 

— S amara-t, power ; sign ; — 
imdra-t, government, power, 
dominion ; prefecture ; pi. imd- 
rat, amd'ir, signs, indications, 
way-marks. 

*>jM amdrid, pi. of Jy\ amrad, 

beardless. 
jjW amdzir, pi. of j>y mazlr, brave, 

&c. 
u*U\ dmds, yesterdays, pi. of {j~*\ 

ams. 
j*W amd'iz, ytfiM amd'm, goats, 

<fec, pi. of )y**\ am'uz. 
v3^ am'dq, dmdq, inner corners of 

the eyes, pi. of &y mu'q, micq; 

— dmdq, the same, pi. of <3*\ 
amq, umq. 

fcj^VM amdkin, places, habitations, 
<fec, pi. of o^» makdn. 

JU\ dmdl, hopes, thoughts, pi. of 
J^\ amal ; — amdl-in, dictations, 
&c, pi. of %A imW ; — & imdla-t, 
causing to incline ; pronunciation 
of d like e or i. 

<j*JU\ amdlis (amdlis), deserts, pi. 
of t^rsW imlis. , 

o^J \A amdlit, pi. swift camels. 

{M amdm, before, in front ; — 
imdm, pi. a'imma-t, leader, presi- 
dent ; title of the first Caliphs ; 



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antistes ; sacred book; high 
road ; road to Mecca ; direction 
towards Mecca; example, model ; 
command of God ; plumb-line ; 
moderator ; school-task ; — 8 
imdma-t, leadership, dignity of 
an Imam; — umdma-t, herd of 
300 camels ; — h imdmiyya-t, 
the Shiites. 
q\*\ amdn, 8 amdna-t, security, 
protection; safe- guard; escort; 
faith ; — amdn, pardon, mercy ; 

— ummdn=- { y\ ummiyy; con- 
fiding ; stupid ; peasant, farmer ; 

— amdn-in, ^ amdni, desires, 
fancies, pi. of ^A umniyya-t; 
— umdniyy, deposit ; — S amdna-t, 
deposit, truss. 

(o~»\) amat, i, inf. ami, guess or 
try to determine the number or 
quantity ; intend ; be crooked ; 
slope ; be elevated ; — n. inf. 
ta!min, determine the number or 
quantity. 

«~^ amt, pi. umut, dmdt, uneven, 
crooked ; rising of the ground ; 
difference of opinion, doubt. 

JUsM imtisdl, obedience, comply- 
ing with. 

0V^xM imtihdn, examination. 

S\xt+\ imtiddd, extension, protrac- 
tion, prolongation; ductility. 

tty*^ imtizdj, mixture, conjunction, 
intercourse ; constitution of body 
and mind. 

Z*zA amti l a-t t goods, <fcc, pi. of 
fVa* mata*. 

%*\ imtild', fill, indigestion, oppres- 
sion of the stomach. 

£L*»\ imtind 1 , hindrance, refusal, 
abstinence. 

q\jj*>\ imtindn, obligation, favour 
received. 

^•\ imtiydz, distinguishing, dis- 
tinction ; preference ; pre-emi- 
nence ; privilege. 

JUM amsdl, fables, proverbs, &c, 
pi. of J£* masal. 

JAM amsal, f. musla, pi. amusil, 
more closely approaching the 
original, more like the model ; 



exemplary; al-amdsil, the great 
ones ; grandees ; — £ amsila-t, 
similitudes, types, models, &c, 
pi. of JU<» mi sal. 
Ry*\ umsula-t, example, quotation, 
sentence ; school-task. 

(e^) a ™>aj> h INP - am h wa, lk verv 
quickly ; — amij, A, inf. amaj, 
be very hot ; be thirsty. 

%f\ amaj, very hot ; heat ; thirst. 

*^*M amjad, pi. <**M amdjid, 
nobler; more illustrious; more 
celebrated. 

(c*^) «wi«A, inf. amahdn, cause a 
throbbing pain. 

W*»\ immihhd, getting effaced. 

dS&A immihdq, calamity. 

j*^"\ amhas, easily pacified. 

tJ^M amhaq, who has no good 
luck; small. 

&y**\ umhuda-t, unselfish advice ; 
admonition of a true friend. 

(**\) amad, be finished, be deter- 
minated ; — amid, a, inf. amad, 
be angry with (^ 'ala) ; — n. 
fix a term; — vm. agree with 
each other about a term. 

**\ amad, anger ; end, term ; 
limit ; death ; goal of a race- 
course ; — amid, full, loaded 
(ship) ; — amadd, more ex- 
tended. 

*A±*\ imddd, help, succour (in 
troops, money, &c.) ; subsidies. 

&*>)*>*\ umdnha-t, pi. amddlh, praise ; 
praiseworthy deed. 

*)±A umdud, habit ; custom ; 
manner. 

h±"\ amdiya-t, watering-places, pi. 
of ^J^ madiyy. 

(yX) amar, u, inf. amr, imdr, 
dmira-t, imp. mur, dmur, order, 
command; — amir, a, inf. imd- 
ra-t, be or become a leader, 
prince ; — amir, a, inf. amar, 
amara-t, be plentiful and per- 
fect; have many cattle ; be 
hard, difficult ; — n. inf. ta'mir, 
make one a prince ; mark (by 
branding) ; mark out the boun- 
daries ; place the iron on a lance ; 



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— in. inf. mu'dmara-t, x. inf. 
iitfmdr, consult ; — iv. inf. €mdr, 
order, command ; increase one's 
children and cattle (God) ; — v. 
inf. ta'ammur, consult ; exercise 
dominion ; — vi. inf. ta'dmur, 
consult each other ; — viii. inf. 
i'timdr, receive an order. 

y\ amr, pi. awdmir, order, edict ; 
imp. power, dominion ; — pi. 
umur, matter, business, case, 
affair ; — imr, very difficult, 
important ; wonderful caso ; — 
amir, commander ; God ; Maho- 
met; numerous, complete; Mu- 
harram ; — amarr, f. murra, 
more bitter, comp. of y murr ; 
aUamarrdn, old age and po- 
verty ; f . aUmurraydn, worm- 
wood and coloquintida ; — amarr, 
firmer, comp. of jty marir ; — 
imra' ,imru*, f . 3 imra'a-t, imru'a-t, 
man ; wolf ; — 8 amarat, stone to 
mark the road ; — amra-t, com- 
mand, power, dominion ; — m- 
ra-t, dominion by a substitute ; 
increase of fortune ; administra- 
tion of a fortune ; expenditure ; 

— dmira-t, pi. awdmir, order, 
command. 

\y\ umard', chiefs, princes, &c, pi. 

of j~A amir ; — 8 \mrda~t, imrdt, 

woman. 
j\f\ amrdr, pi. of y murr, bitter, 

&c. ; — pi. of Zy mirra-t, vigour, 

power, intelligence, &c. 
J&y\ amrdd, diseases, &c, pi. of 

^J>y marad ; — immirdd, weak- 
ness. 
£\y\ amrd 1 , pi. of &y mart', 

abounding in herbs and water. 
dHy\ amr da, spikes (of corn). 
*>^ amrad, f. mardd\ pi. murd, 

beardless ; covered with down ; 

hairless ; leafless. 
1*y\ amraf, pi. murf, mirafa-t, 

hairless ; featherless (arrow) ; 

thief. 
£y\ amru', pi. of £>/• marl 1 , 

abounding in herbs and water. 
}f\ imrvt , man. 



l*yy\ umru'a-t, pi. amdrV, land 
yielding abundant fruit and 
pastures. 

^y\ imraHyy, manly, manful ; — 8 
amrVa-t, pi. of ^y marl 9 , ali- 
mentary canal. 

i+\y\ imzdja-t, bodily constitution ; 
temper. 

Wy>\ amzija-t, mixtures, constitu- 
tions, &c, pi. of eV W14 

ir 1 ' ams, pi. dmus, dmds, dmus, 
yesterday ; time just past ; ams- 
in, bi-'l-ams-i, aUams-a, yester- 
day, just now ; v»-\ {mS ~* musya 
ams-in, last night ; — amass, 
more; principal. 

tf)L-M imsdk, parsimony, avarice; 
(m.) withholding ; abstinence ; 
abstemiousness. 

£~"\ amsah, more stupid; more 
tasteless. 

&~A amsila-t, channels, gutters, 
pi. of J~* masal. 

ty~"\ umsuh, plank, board. 

<j~*^ imsiyy, of yesterday ; — 8 
umsiyya-t, yesterday's evening. 

gU-M amidj, mixtures, pi. of §&*• 
masaj, muiij ; — pi. of $***• 
masijy mixed, mixtures. 

IU^\ amid\, combs, pi. of La* 
must, &c. 

£U*\ immisdh, weaning of a child ; 
— imsdh, pushing forth leaves. 

j\*A amsdr, large cities, &c, pi. of 
y misr. 

E°"\ amsah, declining and disap- 
pearing (shadow). 

lxa^\ amsida4, highest summits, 
pi. *>U* masdd. 

ly~\ amsira-t, pi. of y#*+ masir, 
gut, intestine. 

(u 6 ^) amid, a, inf. amad, persist 
in spite of objections, remon- 
strances, &c. ; talk otherwise 
than one thinks ; dissimulate. 

\*A imdd\ sealing ; execution ; 
(m.) signature ; subscription. 

^A amda, passing more quickly ; 
more penetrating ; more acute ; 
more effectual. 



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M omf^, beasts of burden, Ac, 

SI. of £*!*• matiyya-t ; — pi. of 
* mat-an, matd, and ^» mafwi, 

q.v. 
jlM amfdr, rains, pi. of ^- mafar ; 

— imfdr, causing to rain. 
(iA) CLmma 1 , immd', , 8 imma'-t, 

stupid, dull ; weak of character 

and without opinion of one's 

own; parasite; — v., x. be or 

become stupid, Ac. 
\**\ am'd', intestines, bowels, pi. of 

^s** ma'y, mi'an. 
j\*"\ am'dq, pi. <3*M amd'iq 

(amd'iq), borders of the desert. 
y\**\ im'dn, guarding carefully; 

looking intently. 
l*"\ am ( at, f. ma'td', pi. m'uf, 

hairless (wolf) ; bare (ground) ; 

thief. 
kj*"\ am l uz, pi. amd'iz, amd'iz, 

goat ; troop of gazelles. 
<3^ amq, umq, pi. dmdq, inner 

corner of the eye. 
\&»\ amkd\ burrows of hares or 

foxes, pi. of j£* makw. 
q\£*\ imkdn, possibility ; — ^ iw- 

Jcdniyy, possible ; — &i imkdniyya~t, 



j&*\ amkar, more cunning. 

b£*\ amkina-t, places, dwellings, 
Ac, pi. of 0^£* makdn. 

(J^) amal, tj, inf. ami, hope, 
hope for ; — amul, inf. amdla-t, 
have an oval face ; — n. inf. 
ta'mil, hope greatly; cause to 
hope ; — v. inf. ta'ammul, look 
long and attentively ; meditate ; 
think of (^ miri). 

J^ amal, pi. dmdl, hope; pi. 
thoughts ; — ami, iml, hope ; — 
umul, sand-hills, pi. of J**\ 
amil ; — S amala-t, pi. defenders ; 
imla-t, hope ; — amila-t, tears, 
lamentations. 

M amld\ quantities which fill up, 
Ac, pi. of %• maid', miV ; — 
imW, pi. amdlrin, amdli, dicta- 
tion, writing ; orthography ; 
filling up; completing. 



fcM imldj, S imldja-t, sucking. 
tM amldh, salts, Ac., pi. of ^JU 
milh ; — pi. of £*U malih, hand- 
some, fine, good, Ac. 
u*M immdlds, escaping ; being 
rescued; vn. of (yJL.) ;_ imlds, 
twilight of the morning. 
s&*\ imldq, poverty. 
*JM amldk, goods, riches, Ac, pi. 
of «dU m ilk, mulk ; — imldk, 
giving in marriage. 
J!M imldl, dictation ; annoying ; 

annoyance. 
gM amlaj, yellow, fading; bare 

desert; poor. 
jM amlah, f . malhd', spotted black 
and white; blue-eyed; steel- 
coloured (f . troop of armed men 
. seen from a distance) ; white 
(with snow, hoar frost) ;— hand- 
somer, Ac, comp. of £*U mallh, 
■*M amlad, f. maldd', tender, 
supple, flexible ; — umlud, q\ 
umluddn, ^J\ umluddniyy, same 
meaning. 
&~\ amlaz, insincere. 
u^\amlas, f . mahd, smooth ; short- 
haired ; without knots ; flowing 
down easily (wine) ; by opposi- 
tion, toilsome ; see V*JL» . 
ij&A amlas, smooth and slippery ; 

short-haired ; bald. 
£M amlag, lascivious (speech). 
«*U*t amlak, who or what pos- 
sesses most, holds fastest, binds 
strongest. 
**>jW (umlut), pi. «u~5U\ amdlit, 

swift camels. 
^jM nmhiha-t, pi. amdlih, wit, 

elegance. 
*&}A umluk, pi. possessors ; kings 

of Himyar. 
©W*W imtfjdj, pushing teeth. 
•*J"\ imlid=<M amlad ; = <j-*lM 

imlis, bare desert. 
ua*M imlh, swift, speedy. 
f**\ amam, in moderate distance; 
small, unimportant ; middle ; — 
umam, nations, Ac, pi. of IA 
umma-t. 



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(fcH) amaw, trust (^ 'ala); — 
amin, a, inf. amn, amdn, aman, 
amana-t, imn, be safe, fearless 
(^ min) ; consider one's self 
safe; repair to (^J\ ila) for 
protection ; trust a person (ace.) 
with anything (JLc 'ala, s^ bi) ; 

— ii., viii., x. confide in (ace.) ; 
trust with ; ii. say " Amen " ; — 
iv. believe a person ; believe in 
God, accept His law; trust; 
trust with; encourage, afford 
security, protect against (<JL* 
'ala, {$* min) ; show submission 
to (J li) ; — v. entirely rely 
upon (ij* 'ala) ; — x., n. ask 
for protection. 

($*\ amn, aman, security, safety; 
trustworthiness, fidelity ; — amin, 
safe ; seeking security ; — aman, 
what is best ; — amin, safe ; 
trustworthy ; — imn, inf. of 
(&"\) ; — amn-in, see {J ^A amni ; 

— S amana-t, trustworthiness, 
fidelity ; — also amina-t, umana-t, 
dmina-t, faithful, trustworthy 
person. 

W amnd', pi. of U* man-an, mand, 
weight of about two pounds ; — 
umand, pi. of {$~A amin, faith- 
ful, <fcc, q.v. 

gU*\ amndn, pi. of ^ mann, weight 
of two pounds ; — imndn, weaken- 
ing, rv. of (^). 

&+\ amna', inaccessible, impreg- 
nable. 

^A amni, pi. of U* man-an, mand, 
weight of two pounds ; — $ um- 
niyya-t, pi. amdn-in, amdni, de- 
sire, fancy. 

(&+\) amah, v 9 inf. amh, promise 
by contract, stipulate ; prescribe ; 
recommend ; pass, be mad, fool- 
ish ; — amih, a, inf. amah, for- 
get; avow, confess; have an 
eruption (of tbe skin) ; — n. 
madden ; — v. make a compact ; 
take for a wife. 

&*\ amah, oblivion ; the created 
things ; — 5 ummaha-t, mother. 



*s>W*t ummahdt, mothers, &c, pi. 
of p\ umm, 

JW^ imhdl, delay, respite; pro- 
longation; prorogation. 

%p~\ umhuj, <$\w\ umhujdn, thin 
(of a liquid). 

Z*%*\ amhida-t, beds, &c, pi. of 
*>l$* mihdd. 

)0*\ amhar, more clever, comp. of 
yfcU mdhir. 

*fi*\ umhud, hole in the ground, 
pit. 

(y\) amd, u, inf. imd,' mew ; — amd 
and ^\ ami, y\ amn, inf. umuw- 
wa-t, become a (female) slave ; — 
ii. make a (female) slave ; — v., 
x. buy a (female) slave ; — $ 
amwa~t=&+\ ama-t, female slave. 

\&>\y»\ amawdt, female slaves, pi. of 
W ama-t ; — amwdt, dead bodies, 
<&c, pi. of c^w» mait, mayyit; 
ancestors. 

$\y\ amicdj, waves, pi. of &y 
mauj. 

J\y^ amivdl, riches, possessions, 
&c, pi. of JU mdl. 

y\y\ amwdn, &c., female slaves, pi. 
of M ama-t. 

*\f\ amwdh, waters, pi. of U md' ; 
— imwdh, having much water ; 
raining heavily, iv. of (*j*).. 

wy\ umxit, pi. of <a*A ami, uneven, 
&c, q.v. 

)y\ amur, commanding; — umur, 
pi. of y\ amr, thing, affair, &c. 

v*f\ dmus, yesterdays, pi. of \j»*\ 
ams. 

&*y\ umiima-t, maternity, mother- 
hood. 

yy\ amtin, pi. umun, trustworthy. 

&y\ amwah, better provided with 
water. 

i$y\ amawiyy, referring or belong- 
ing to a female slave. 

&ty\ amuya-t, drink, beverage ; — ^ 
river Oxus. 

tjA ami, female slaves, pi. of W 
ama-t ; — ummiyy, motherly, 
maternal; uncultivated, unedu- 
cated, ignorant; idle; idiot; — 
I umayya-t, little (female) slave ; 



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the family Umayya-t ; — um : 
miyya-t, maternity, motherhood. 
j*A amir, pi. umard', leader, 
prince, Emir ; — (#**•)*& 7#* 
amiru-'l-muminin-a, commander 
of the faithful, Caliph ; t**N j**\ 
amiru-l-bahr-i, admiral ; j**\ 
jf»\ amir aj^or, mir ahw, equerry ; 
c Su j#A amir tildh, arm-bearer of 
the king ; — S amira-t, princess, 
mistress ; — ^ amiriyy, princely ; 

— abbreviated ^^ miriyy, fisc ; 
public exchequer. 

yA amyazy more or most dis- 
tinguished. 

J*M amil, pi. umul, sand-mountain 
a mile broad and a day's journey 
long ; — amyal, inclined. 

J*A umailih, very pretty. 

I+#A umaima-t, little mother, 
mother dear. 

QtrA amin, pi. umand', faithful; 
trustworthy ; confident ; mini- 
ster ; saf e, secure ; proper name ; 

— amin, dmin, be it so ! Amen ! 

— official, prefect. 

A**\ amyah, better provided with 
water. 

q\ an 9 that, lest; q\ ^\ ila an 9 
until; &\ <J* 'ala an 9 under 
condition that, providing that ; 
y\ U lammd an, after ; also for 
y\ anna : <^ ka-an 9 as if, q$ 
litany because; — in, if; ^J ^ 
in lam, if not ; unless ; except ; 

— ifl,=U mdy not ; — dn y pi. 
dwduy time, moment -, aUdn, 
now, at present; — dn-in, see 
Jt dni; — anna, that, because, 
since ; &\ J^ 'ato anna, so that ; 
yb li-anna, for, since ; $...q\ 9 
whether. . .or; — innayQ^fa-inna, 
M\ inna-hUy &\* fa-inna-hu, truly , 
indeed, certainly ; with suffixes : 
^yi\ inna-ni, <J\ inniy truly, I ; 
Vi\ innd, truly, we, &c. ;—inna-hu, 
so it is; yes ; — inna-md, how- 
ever, yet ; only that ; — * anna-t, 
sigh ; — dnna-ty sighing. 

fo\) ann, I, inf. ann, anin, undn, 
ta'ndih groan; — inf. ann, pour 



out ; = o* *«*»> appear, be visible ; 

— ii., v. be pleased with any- 
thing (ace). 

W and, I; — innd, see under <^\ ; 

— annd = <J\ anna, wherever ? 
where ? how ? — an-an, inan, 
highest degree, completion, 
ripeness, maturity ;— and 1 , time ; 
ripeness, maturity ; completion ; 
hindrance ; — ind\ pi. dniya-t, 
pi. pi. oty awdn-in, ^ty awdni, 
vessel; — dna, proper times, 
&c, pi. of J\ anan; — iandt, 
expectation ; delay ; patience ; 
modesty ; awkward woman. 

v>W andb, jujube; — indb, substi- 
tution ; repentance, &c, iv. of 

li^\i\ andbisa-t, sergeants, pi. ot 

^WM on-bdsi (Turk.). 
s-**W andbib, knots in a cane, &c, 

pi. of w>yi>\ ambub, q.v. 
^\ andbir, magazines, &c, pi. of 

Jl^\ ambdr. 
J^\i\ andbU, torn out (roots or 

trees), pi. of J>y>\ ambus. 
*M\ inds, J\*\ andsa, women, pi. 

of if*\ unsa. 
pM\ andjir, anchors, &c, pi. of fr\ 

anjar. 
^\ andjir, roofs, pi. of ;V1 

anjdr. 
^\i\ andjil, gospels, pi. of J**M 

anjil* 
j^\i\ anddir, threshing-floors, &c, 

pi. of j**\ andar, q.v. 
^\i\ anddid, pi. scattered persons. 
ty\ indra-t, enlightening, illumin- 
ing. 
^W unde, men, pi. of <^~rt inedn\ 

— and a and ^^ andxiyy, men, 

&c, pi. of <s~& ineiyy, q.v. 
p~\i\ andeim, pi. men, mankind. 
j^U\ andsid, poetical recitals, &c, 

pi. of Soyti\ unsuda-t. 
mM and§-in, ^\ andsi, the most 

select parts, &c, pi. of *«* 

nasiyya-L 

**M\ andsib, pi. road- or land* 

marks. 



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^\ 



oV^\ andtilli, Anatolia, Asia 

Minor. 
(+sbb\ andzim, pi. of f>&* nizdm, 

constitution, Ac, q.v. 
pe*k\ and'im, herds of cattle, Ac, 

pi. of p*} na'am. 
«-M dndf, noses, Ac, pi. of «-&\ 

anf. 
C*W andfih, stomachs of sheep or 

goats, Ac, pi. of £*Art infaha-L 
u*^ undfiyy, having a large nose. 
u***VM and/id, leaves beaten from 
the trees for food, pi. of &*y^ 
unfitda-L 
&W andqa-t, indqa-t, beauty. 
*1M indla-t, giving, bestowing; 

causing to attain. 
fM\ andm, dndm, pi. men, mankind ; 

created beings. 
J*W andmil, fingers, Ac, pi. of 

&+*\ anmula-L 
q\*\ undn, sighing, groaning ; — 

anndn, who sighs frequently. 
**M andniyya-t, egotism, arro- 
gance. | 
s-***M andyib, canine teeth, pi. of 

s^ ndb. 
(s-rt) ii. anndb, scold, treat roughly ; 

repel. 
Wrt ambd\ news, tidings, Ac, pi. of 
W* nabcC ; — prophets, pi. of ^ 
ndbiyy ; — imbd' 9 communicating, 
giving intelligence. 
jW^ ambdr, pi. andbir, magazine ; 
granary ; deck of a ship (Pers.). 
^5*WM on-bdii y pi. cmdbua-t, ser- 
geant (Turk.). 
tW^ ambdf, the Nabatheans. 
s-**rt urnbvb=.^f£\ urribub. 
«yVx*i\ imbitdt, break, cut. 
«£>l^*i\ ambajdt, pi. jams ; sweet 

medicines. 

&>\ ambah, rough, hard ; cruel ; 

impure (colour) ; heaped up ; f . 

nabhd', pi. ndbdfya, heap of earth. 

(^fi\ ambahdn, dough of bad 

flour. 
i±*}\ ambiza-t, pi. of «W ndbiz, 

wine. 
{j^\ ambas, severe. 



tl~*M imbisdj, joy, gladness ; recre- 
ation; unreserve. 

^>W^ irribi'ds, sending, mission. 

J*^ ambal, a better arrow-shooter ; 
more clever. 

s->j*^ ambub, 8 ambuba-t, pi. andbib, 
knot in a cane, part of a cane 
between two knots ; pipe, tube ; 
flute. 

\j>F*\ umbus, pi. andbii, torn out 
root or tree. 

W^ ambiyd', prophets, Ac, pi. of 
^ ndbiyy, 

<Jhi*\ ambiq, «sW! ambik, alembic. 

(vs^J\) anat, i, inf. emit, groan, sigh; 
envy; determine the quantity, 
measure ; be blunt. 

«*M anta, f. anti, thou. 

g\#\ intdj, the time of giving 
birth; producing as a conse- 
quence ; drawing an inference. 

q\&\ intdn, stench. 

tk*&\ intibdh, awakening ; vigilance ; 
attention ; circumspection. 

j\Zzs\ intisdr, being scattered, dis- 
persed ; falling of the leaves. 

v>^sj\ intijdb, choice, election. 

y*V^srt intijds, soiling, polluting. 

s^srt intihdb, lamentation. 

jV^srt intihdr, suicide. 

JU^srt intihdl, plagiarism, literary 
theft. 

^afcsM intihd 9 , haughtiness ; (m.) 
defiance. 

^VaJJ^ intihdb, choice; high calling; 
selection ; predestination. 

(je^aM intihds, dwindling away. 

JU^rt intihdl, filtering, percolat- 
ing. 

\xs\ iniidd', appointment; inter- 
view ; rendezvous. 

s^Jort intiddb, call, calling upon, 
summoning; invitation; giving 
the preference. 
)\te\ intizdr, vow. 

\y}\ intizd 9 , wish, desire. 

£\y&\ intizd 1 , putting off; pulling 
out ; taking away ; (m.) being 
spoiled (engine, watch). 

UoA intisd', being forgotten; 

11 



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*±J\ 



retreat, migrating to other 
pastures. 

s^U*xrt intisdb, derivation of descent, 
genealogy ; reference. 

£\~sj\ intwdh, being copied ; being 
abolished, annulled, effaced. 

jV~jj\ intisdr, reopening of a wound ; 
being torn to pieces. 

V-^-xsX intisd\ beginning ; growing ; 
smelling. 

v>Vjlx>\ intiSdb, being taken hold 
of, taken prisoner ; being impli- 
cated. 

jl&jtf\ intiMr, spreading; publish- 
ing ; divulging ; ^W^ ^>£\ Mi- 
sdru-l-imdn-i, propaganda. 

^laxrt intisdb, being planted, 
raised ; pronouncing a word 
with fatha (accusative, sub- 
junctive). 

£Ux>\ intisdh, accepting an advice. 

jlos}\ intisdr, victory ; triumph ; 
revenge. 

U\*a\ intisdf, equity ; claiming or 
obtaining justice. 

tUsM intiddh, sprinkling ; baptism. 

Jlta] intizdty waiting for, expecta- 
tion. 

f\Ltf\ intizdm, order ; arrange- 
ment. 

«t>Uxrt inti'dt, qualification by an 
attribute. 

Jk\*£\ inti'ds, revival. 

jUsrt inti'dl, being shoed. 

\&\ intifd', banishment ; ruin ; 
destruction. 

£\toi\ intifdh, being or becoming 
inflated ; "pride ; swelling. 

ju\i&\ intifds, standing on end (of 
the hair), ruffling (feathers) ; 
(m.) being swollen. 

£\t&\ intifd 1 , deriving a profit; 
advantage. 

Vaa\ intiqd\ choice, election. 

^>\&\ intiqdb, veiling. 

iVaxrt intiqdz, rescue, delivery. 

U 6>V&s»\ intiqds, diminution ; de- 
crease; decay; loss of one's 
honour. 

gMaxrt intiqdd, overthrow; down- 



fall ; abolition ; (m.) being 
copied. 

£\j&\ intiqd', solution, dissolving 
by a fluid ; maceration. 

JUxrt intiqdly removal; emigra- 
tion ; death ; transport ; being 
copied ; (m.) assumption of the 
Holy Virgin. 

f\s#\ intiqdm, revenge ; vindictive- 
ness. 

*tetf\ intiqdh, recovery. 

^s*\ intihd\ receiving payment of 
a debt ; (m.) violent rage. 

(j*V£tf\ intikds, turning upside-down ; 
relapse. 

*Jtei\ intildf, ruin, perdition, de- 
struction. 

(*&\ antum, you ; Wtf\ antumd, 
both of you. 

Ws*\ intimd', being related with, 
claiming relationship with. 

\&\ intihd', end, termination, the 
last. 

s->W^ intihdb, plundering, pillag- 
ing, spoil. 

)\&&\ intihdr, driving away with 
scolding ; scolding, reproach ; — 
bleeding ; diarrhoea. 

jV$x>\ intihdz, watching and seizing 
an opportunity. 

s-A* 5 ^ intiydb, concerning ; (one's) 
turn; repetition; succession. 

v>W^ intiyds, touching, feeling or 
seizing with the hand. 

j^xrt intiydq, choice, election. 

(<±*}\) anus, be soft ; — II. put 
into the feminine gender ; ef- 
feminate ; — ii., v. flatter or 
caress in the fashion of women ; 
— iv. bring forth a female ; — v. 
be feminine ; flatter or caress. 

<^^ dnis, soft, delicate ; feminine ; 
— unus, women, pi. of ^\ unsa. 

\%\ insd\ abuse, invective. 

£^i\ insd\ vomiting ; bleeding. 

fWirt insimdm, recovery ; weak- 
ness ; melting (n.), consuming 

t^j^ unsa, pi. unus, inds, andsd, 
woman ; female ; inanimate ob- 
ject. 



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(©^) anaj, i, enter. 
M tn/<r, rescue; salvation; de- 
livery. 
s-»M anjdb, pi. of s-**r no/i&, of 
noble descent, <fcc. ; — injdb, 
being noble, high-minded, gene- 
rous ; begetting an excellent 
son. 
t^r\ injdhy succeeding; accom- 
plishing. 
*>M anjdd, helps, victories, pi. of 

^ najd ; — injdd, assistance. 
jM injdr, roof. 
)W\ injiiz, despatching ; fulfilling ; 

keeping a promise. 
<j*W\ anjds, pi. of <j**r najs, najis, 
&c, impure, polluted; — injds, 
polluting ; desecration. 
J W anjdfy pi. threshold ; lintel. i 
f W anjdm, heavenly bodies, stars, 
<&c, pi. of ^ najm ; — injdm, 
rise, apparition. 
jWI injibdr, setting a broken 

bone. 
v^Wt injibdriyy, of small means or 

talents (m.). 
Zfr\ injah, more successful, comp. 

of ^V» najih and £&r najih. 
^\*r\ injizdb, attraction ; allure- 
ment; inclination; affection. 
/r\ anjar, pi. andjir, anchor; a 
flat dish ; — 8 anjura-t, nettle 
(Pers.). 
yfr\ injirdr, extension ; extent ; 

wearisomeness, ennui. 
<j*r\ anja8, very dirty, impure, 

more polluted. 
C?=^ anja 1 , more salutary, comp. of 

£*r naji 1 . 
Jl£^ injifdl, emigration, disap- 
pearance. 
J«^ anjal, f. najld\ pi. nujl, nijdl, 
with large well-split eyes ; caus- 
ing a large wound ; broad ; spa- 
cious. 
!M injild\ appearance ; splendour ; 

revelation ; disappearance. 
(*f*\ anjam, having a spot on the 
forehead (horse) ; — anjum, hea- 
venly bodies, &c, pi. of ^' 
najm. 



1 *>W^ injimdd, freezing, curdling, 
congelation. 
£U^ injinui', assembling, as- 
sembly. 
&fr\ anjiijy aloe-wood. 
i3)f¥\ anjilriyy, from Angora. 
^fr\ anjuk, marjoram. 
&ifr\ anjuya-t, anchovy. 
Jc?r\ anjil, pi. andjil, gospel ; — ^ 
anjiliyy, evangelical ; evangelist. 
hrr\ anjiya-t, pi. of ^ najiyy, 
who has knowledge of a thing, 
accessory ; mystery. 
(&\) anah, i, inf. anh, unuh, anih, 

breathe heavily ; sigh. 
fcrt dnih, pi, unnah, breathing 
heavily ; sighing ; miserly, ava- 
ricious. 
M anhd\ sides, directions, ten- 
dencies, purposes, &c, pi. of 
j** nahw, q.v. 
j\***\ inhiddr, descending, alight- 
ing ; the rolling of a ship. 
u>\js>\ inhirdfy inclination, declina- 
tion (astron.) ; deflexion ; change; 
distemper. 
jlce&\ inhisdr, being besieged, 

blockaded. 
LUa*^ inhifdf, descending. 
*-A*^ anhaf, thinner, comp. of 

«-A^ nahif. 
Jk*A inhildl, solution ; chemical 

analysis ; unbinding. 
^\ inhind 1 , bending, inflection ; 

bow, obeisance. 
s-^*\ anhab, more timorous. 
g&\ anha', more contemptible. 
\&&\ inhifd', hiding, concealing 

one's self. 
jb\&&\ inhifdd, putting in the 
oblique . case, pronouncing with 
Jcasra-t. 
&J&\ anhifa-t, boots, pi. of «-jW 

nihdf, 
&&\ inhiUVy being removed ; up- 
rooting; abdication ; (m.) relaxa- 
tion of the joints. 
*±A*fc»\ inhinds, flexibility. 
*u\ anadd, who flies, escapes more 
frequently. 



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u-rt 



\<*\ andd\ humidities, &c, pi. of 
<j# nad-an, nada. 

*y\^\ anddd, antitypes, counter- 
parts, &c, pi. of <* nidd, q.v. ; — 
inddd, dispersing, separating. 

£Wt indtbag, being tanned. 

6*rt andahy stupid ; who does not 
talk. 

j«tf\ andar, pi. anddir, threshing- 
floor ; melody accompanying the 
threshing of corn, <fec. ; heap of 
corn ; name of a town in Syria ; 

— rarer, rarest, comp. of j*>U 
nadir. 

u*y*M indira8 9 obliteration, eras- 
ing. 

OyW andarun, young folks. 

<4)^ andariyy, thick rope; from 
Andar. 

^•tf\ indi'd*, accepting an invita- 
tion. 

jUjj\ indifd', being refused, re- 
pelled. 

q\M\ indifdn, being interred. 

J$jtf\ indildl, being led, guided. 

ij~S<x\ andalus, Spain ; — <^ anda- 
lusiyy, Spain, Spanish. 

p<x\ andam, more or most repent- 
ing. 

JUjjI indimdl, scarification; sup- 
puration. 

<£&\ anda, more liberal ; carrying 
farther ; — $ andiya-t, humidities, 
&c, pi. of <^ nad-an f nada ; — pi. 
of &<& nadiyy, humid, fresh, &c. 

lM^>\ andtia-t, lace, galloon (m.). 

j\&\ inzdr, warning, admonition; 
hint. 

JUrt inzdl, divine revelation. 

jSvrt inzildq, gliding, slipping. 

&M anza', bald on the temples. 

g\*y\ inzi'dj, agitation, emotion, 
fear. 

J\^y\ inziwdl, being separated. 

(u*^) a ™*> A » INP * anas > anasa-t ; 

— anas, inf. ane, uns, be accus- 
tomed, become familiar with (^\ 
ila) ; have familiar intercourse 
with (v» hi) ; — n. inf. ta'nts, 
accustom (a.), render familiar; 
tame ; see; — in. inf. mu'dnasa-t, 



have familiar intercourse with 
(ace), be accustomed to ; be 
social, polite ; — iv. inf. inds, 
render familiar, social ; see ; 
perceive, contemplate ; know, 
learn ; feel, experience, hear ; 
(m.) cheer by society, entertain 
pleasantly ; — v. inf. ta'anniis, 
become familiar, accustomed (s-> 
hi) ; be social; grow tame; become 
acquainted ; become man (God) ; 
— x. inf. uti'nd*, become social, 
familiar, tame, accustomed ; be 
social, converse familiarly ; be- 
come aware of the presence of 
man (wild beast) ; see accurately, 
regard attentively ; inquire ; ask 
permission. 

<j*J\ anas, pi. dndsy familiar, joined 
in friendship ; society of people 
living together ; mankind ; inter- 
course ; — inB> mankind ; man in 
his social state, a social person ; 
companion ; friend ; — unus, pi. 
of u*y\ anuSy tame ; — uns, social 
life, sociability ; familiarity, affa- 
bility, politeness ; — dnas, more 
familiar, dearer ; more cheerful ; 
— 8 dnisa-ty f . compatible ; good- 
natured. 

V~i\ ansa', nerves or sinews of the 
hips, &c, pi. of ^-i nas-an, 
nasa ; — imd\ prolongation, 
respite. 

*^\*~s\ ansdhy origins, &c, pi. of 
s-*-~* nasab. 

(jjU-i\ insdn, pi. unds, nds, man 
(<^**N yl~}\ imdnu-Wain-i, the 
pupil of the eye, pi. andsiyy) ; 
human shadow; flesh of the 
finger-tips; summit, elevation; 
unsown land ; — S insdna-t, wo- 
man ; — ^ insdniyy, human ; — 
h insdniyya-t, human nature ; 
humanity ; humaneness ; ur- 
banity ; politeness. 

s-*~^ ansaby fitter, more appro- 
priate ; more convenient, agree- 
able ; f. nasbd', a very near 
female relative. 



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W~tf ansibd', pi. of s-**~* noaifc, 
related by blood, &c. 

«*5W-~rt insibdk, melting (n.). 

JW— A insiAdl, richness of style. 

g\±~j\ insiddj, lying on one's belly 
or face. 

t\±~i\ insiddh, lying on the back. 

*>\x~ij insiddd, being locked, shut, 
stopped. 

v j\ r *j\ insirdq, weakness of the 
limbs. 

^A*— >\ ticsUcdb, being shed, spilt, 
poured out. 

&+-*\ insildh, being skinned, flayed ; 
ending of the month. 

{m f~*\ insiyy, pi. dnds, antUiyy, 
man; what is turned towards 
man, the inner side ; any double 
member. 

V-fti\ inSd\ creating, inventing ; 
composing a letter, <fcc. ; word- 
ing ; diction ; letter - writer 
(book). 

c\Ai\ inted, recital, recitation. 

jUj\ inidr, resuscitation of the 
dead. 

^fV**^ insd'iyy, productive; refer- 
ring to the wording. 

«tAx£i\ insitdt, dispersion, separa- 
tion. 

cV^ intirdh, gladness, cheerful- 
ness. 

v»UAi\ insi'db, splitting, ramifica- 
tion. 

,jU<&i\ insiqdq, being divided, split ; 
schism. 

ijy£i\ unMda-t, pi. andiid, poetical 
recital ; poem, hymn. 

&»&j\ unMfa-t, noose. 

UM ansd\ the most select parts, 
&c., pi. of &**l nasiyya-t. 

«&A*>\ insdt, silence ; listening. 

jU\ ansdr, helpers, &c, pi. of j*U 
ndsir, jv* nasir. 

cjUrt insaf, equity, justice. 

\^\ ans%bd\l*J\ ansiba-t, portions, 
Ac., pi. of s-*** nasd). 

sAe-ort infibdb, being poured out; 
flowing into the sea; running, 
careering. 
£W\ insibdg, being dyed ; baptism. 



y*i\ ansar, uncircumcised. 

t\yoi\ insirdh, clearness ; openness ; 

open declaration. 
)\j*i\ insirdr, packing up. 

^\j*i\ insirdf, departure; leave; 
declension and conjugation. 

g**\ ansa\ purer. 

«-A*rt ansaf, more equitable ; juster. 

C^\ insildh, reconciliation ; pacifi- 
cation ; emendation. 

£l**j\ insiydg, fashioning. 

(u*rt) anad, i, inf. anid, be foul, 
corrupt (meat) ; — anud, inf. 
andda-t, be badly done (in cook- 
ing), be half raw ; — iv. under- 
do (the meat). 

<J&\ anadd, less; leaner, comp. of 
ij**& nadid ; — very rich ; — 8 
anidda-t, pi. of £-4-^ nadida-t, 
little rain, thirst, &c. 

U*\ andd\ pi. of y& nidw, emaciated 
and weak, &c. ; — indd', emaci- 
ating and weakening. 

gUi\ inddj, digestion; over-cook- 
ing. 

*>V*tf\ anddd, carpets placed one % on 
the top of the other, &c, pi. of 
•*-&* nadad, q.v. 

f#\ andar, beautiful and splendid ; 
more splendid; purest gold or 
silver ; — andur, pi. of y& nadr, 
gold, silver; greening, bloom- 
ing. 

\j*\ indird\ being slaughtered, 
killed ; dying off. 

fU-tf\ indimdm, uniting, conjunc- 
tion; meeting; addition; col- 
lection; coercing. 

&*#\ andiya-t, pi. of ^ nadiyy, 
arrow without head or feathers. 

W anaftj f • naffd 9 , pi. nuftif, long ; 
far distant. 

^Ua>\ antdfciyy, from Antioch. 

£\Ja*\ intibdh, being cooked. 

jWkrt infibd 1 , being sealed, im- 
pressed, printed upon ; tameness, 
obedience. 

j\JaJ\ infibdq, accordance ; con- 
formity. 

Ua*\ in(ifd\ being extinguished, 
going out. 



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<JU\ 



\Pk\ m infildq, dismissal; divorce; 

g° in g away. 
*M antila-t, pi. calamities, 
ty"^ infiwd', folding up. 
£W1»M in(iyd\ obedience. 
pW inzdm, putting in order ; com- 
posing poetry. 
W*t anzima-t, constitutions, &c, 

pi. of pte nizdm. 
«aA*M in'ds, setting out ; setting to 

work. 
JU>\ in'dl, putting on shoes ; shoe- 
ing (a horse). 
fte\ in'dm, cattle, <fec., pi. of ^ 
na'am ; — in'dm, granting a 
favour ; present, largess, benefit. 
&\j**\ in'irdj, being bent, inflected, 

inclined. 
J\)*>\ in'izdl, dismissal. 
*t>^"*^ inHsdb, harshness; hardness; 

severity. 
sJ&*i\ in'itdf, being inclined, in- 
verted, folded, bent. 
*>la*J\ inHqdd, being tied ; contract, 

covenant ; curdling. 
u*^**\ inHkdSy being reversed ; 
reflection ; reverberation ; re- 
fraction ; recoiling. 
(***\ an'am, softer, more pleasant ; 
— an'um, prosperities, &c, pi. of 
l**s nu'm. 
Jl~*j\ ingisdl, washing, ablution. 
J^t ingildq, locking up. 
u*^**^ ingimds, diving, sinking. 
^U*^ ingimdd, wink, sign with 

the eyes. 
fU*s\ ingimdm, sorrowing; being 

covered. 
W**\ ingiyd', being deceived, se- 
duced; allured. 
<jk**}\ ingiydd, sinking of the water. 
k^*rt ingiydz, rage, fury, violent 

anger. 
(<_A>\) anf, pi. dnuf, dndf, anilf, 
dnilf, nose; beak; projection; 
cape, promontory, peak; begin- 
ning ; s&\ cAsa. «t>U mdt-a hatf-a 
anfi-hi, he died a natural death ; 
— I anafa-t, contempt, indig- 
nation ; sense of honour ; — 
dnifa-t, first walking of children; 



— anfa-t, beginning ; omen' 
fore-token. 

*-&\ anaf, v, i, inf. anf, hit on the 
nose ; reach up to the nose 
(water) ; come to untouched 
pasture-ground; — anif, a, inf. 
anaf, anafa-t, despise and re- 
fuse from high-mindedness or 
haughtiness; have no appetite 
and feel nauseous ; have pain in 
the nose ; find anything trouble- 
some and complain of it; ad- 
vance ; — ii., iv. lead the camels 
to fresh pastures ; cause one to 
despise a thing ; — n. sharpen ; 

— iv. cause the nose to ache; 
hasten ; reach up to the nose ; 

— v. try and dismiss one thing 
after another ; hurry ; — vin. 
arrive ; happen ; — vin., x. 
begin, be the first to do a 
thing. 

*A*\ infdd, dissipation. 
&*\ infdz, performing a business, 
executing ; message ; piercing, 
penetrating. 
jw>\ anfdr, persons, individuals, Ac., 
pi. of /» nafar ; — troop, &c, pi. 
of j*# nafir. 
u*W anfds, breathings, &c, pi. of 
v^* nafas ; — anfds-an, in inter- 
vals. 
£\&\ infd 1 , profiting; gaining; being 

profitable. 
C)to\ anfdn, supercilious, haughty. 
«aAs#\ infitdt, being crumbled; bro- 
ken into pieces. 
X^»\ infitdh, being wide open. 
c^W^ anfajdniyy, inflated. 
***\ infaha-t, infihha-t, pi. andfih, 
stomach of a goat or sheep; 
acid in the stomach ; heartburn. 
£?*\ anfah, afflicted with a rupture 

of the testicles. 
<^U^\ infihdn, unfuhdn, ^ info- 

hdniyy, fattened ; battened. 
\f&\ infidd', being ransomed. 
&*\ anfaz, more piercing, more 

penetrating. 
&}jti\ infirdj, recreation ; rest ; 
pause. 



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&\ 



S\jU\ infirdd, being alone, single; 
singularity ; doing a thing by 
one's self. 

v$yrt infirdq, being separated. 

<j~*>\ anfas, more precious ; more 
exquisite; — anfus, breaths of 
life, &c., pi. of J-» nafs. 

t\~Jo\ infisdh, spaciousness ; recrea- 
tion ; cheerfulness. 

f\~J6\ infisdh, getting into disorder, 
abolition of a contract or bar- 
gain ; abolition. 

*\~Ju\ infisad, corrupted state ; cor- 
ruption. 

*>U6rt infisdd, bleeding, letting of 
blood. 

JUart infisdly separation, division; 
termination ; final decision. 

fUart infisdm, being broken in two ; 
bursting. 

t^art infiddhy ignominy. 

Jticti\ infifdr, being split. 

JU&rt infi'dl, feasibility, practic- 
ableness ; evil impression ; bad 
humour ; — ^ infi'dliyy, passive 
(gram.). 

ijart anfaq, more saleable. 

jtort infiqdq, separation, division ; 
split. 

t$&\ injUdj, apoplexy. 

Wtfrt inJMdt, flattening. 

p\*p\ infihdm, understanding. 

&*y&\ (unfilda-t), pi. andfid, beaten 
off leaves for food. 

(<Jp\) aniq, inf. anaq, rejoice at (s-> 
hi) ; like ; be agreeably sur- 
prised ; — ii. inf. ta'niq, asto- 
nish ; — iv. inf. indq, niq, 
astonish ; eagerly long for (^ 
ft) ; — v. inf. ta'annuq, devote 
one's self assiduously to a thing ; 
perform a thing intelligently and 
well ; like ; rejoice in (o*/0* 

ijrt anaq, pleasure, admiration ; — 
aniq, beautiful, pleasing; — dnaq, 
more or most pleasant. 

Vsrt anqd\ heaps of sand, &c, pi. of 
\S naq-an, naqa ; — pi. of ^a* 
naqy, marrow of the bones, <fcc. 

Mart inqdz, rescue, setting at liberty ; 
saving. 



£te\ inqd', macerating, dissolving. 

<je>Va*\ inqds, diminution ; injury ; 
offence. 

^lart inqdd, roaring of a young 
camel ; cracking a whip, the 
fingers, <&c. ; calling. 

<>Wart inqibdd, preventing ; impedi- 
ment ; contraction ; oppression 
of the heart ; constipation. 

**art anqad, hedge-hog ; tortoise. 

;\^\ inqiddr, fate. 

•tart anqaz=:<&\ anqad, hedge-hog. 

[j>\j&\ inqirdd, lapse of time; ex- 
tinction of a dynasty. 

$f*\ inqird', casting lots; (ra.) 
itch, mange. 

<j~&\ anqas, slave born in the 
house ; — anqus, pi. of (j**8* niq8, 
ink. 

pLJ»\ inqisdm, being divided ; divi- 
sion ; discord. 

jUart inqisdr, (m.) washing, bleach- 
ing. 

«-*Uart inqisdf, being broken; defeat, 
flight. 

Ufirt inqidd', end; fulfilment, com- 
pletion ; expiration of any term 
or respite ; death. 

gVtart inqifd', separation ; break ; 
interruption ; end ; cessation. 

gart anqa\ better quenching the 
thirst; — anqu', pi. of £# naq', 
stagnating water ; — 8 anqi'a-t, 
pi. of gatf naqi 1 , overflowing well ; 
scream. 

«^lLart inqitdf, being culled, plucked, 
gathered ; crops, harvest. 

vr>&rt inqildb, revolution ; over- 
throw ; vicissitude ; change ; sol- 
stice. 

gl^art inqild', being up-rooted, torn 
out; (m.) departure. 

t^lart anqalis, eel. 

j\q&\ inqihdr, succumbing, being 
compelled ; irritation ; bad hu- 
mour. 

j)&\ unqur, notch of the date- 
stone. 

Z&)&\ unq'Va-t, cavity where water 
or fat gathers. 

<jfirt anqa, f. naqwd', having thin 



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fingers ; — purer, comp. of ^tf 
naqiyy. 

\&* anqiyd 1 , pi. of ^J* naqiyy, pure, 
clean, holy ; the Saints. 

*&t&\ inqiydd, submission ; sub- 
mis8iveness ; obedience. 

{j±*&\ inqid, a perfume. 

(**k\) anak, inf. ank, be large and 
stout; be long, lengthy; feel 
v pain ; list, long for. 

**k\ dnuh, lead, tin. 

t^ inkdh, sexual intercourse; 
marriage. 

J&\ inkdr, denying; rejecting; 
disavowing; — ^ inkdriyy, nega- 
tive. 

U\&\ inkdf, abhorring false gods ; 
praising the one God. 

}\x&\ inkitdr, name given by the 
Arabian historians to Richard 
Cceur de Lion. 

Z&\ ankah, given to sexual inter- 
course ; — $ ankiha-t, dowries, 
&c, pi. of t^* nikdh. 

<&\ ankad, not serviceable, useless, 
wretched. 

j\~Ss\ inkisdr, being broken, rup- 
ture ; contrition ; despondency ; 
defeat; bankruptcy. 

«^L*&\ inkisaf, eclipse ; being 
darkened, eclipsed. 

«^U^j^ inkiMfy being unveiled, dis- 
covered, laid open. 

g&\ anka', having a red nose. 

«£>Kj\ inkikts, superiority. 

u~*l&\ ankalis, eel. 

jSiUX^ inkimdiy hurry, haste. 

^\ anka, who does more mis- 
chief. 

lytfi\ ankira-t y tobacco-pipe. 

u~*&\ inkis, magic figure. 

*i\ anam, creatures, created things. 

ui\ innamd, only ; yet, however ; 
since, because ; then, therefore ; 
certainly ; — inmd\ growing ; 
causing to grow; increasing, &c, 
iv. of (<^*0 ; — animmd\ pi. of ^ 
namm, slanderer, tell-tale. 

sj\*i\ inmdi, calumny. 

<JA+i\ anmdfiyy, seller of blankets, 
pillows, &c. 



W*J\ inmihd\ being effaced, erased. 

iiW*M inmihdk, annihilation, de- 
struction, ruin. 

j**\ anmar, f. namrd', pi. numr, 
spotted like a panther; dapple- 
grey horse. 

u~*^ anmas, f. namsd\ dusky grey ; 
pi. nums, the birds qata. 

{J*+*\ anmaiy variegated, party- 
coloured. 

\f+*\ anmas, having thin hair; 
downy ; — 8 anmisa-ty pi. of ^/>W> 
numdsy month. 

&*J\ anmila-t, inmila-ty unmula-t, 
pi. andmily anmuldt, the fleshy 
tip of the finger ; (m.) hand. 

Jb&**\ inmihldly leisure ; delay. 

gOj«j\ unmudaj, sample, pattern 
(Pers.). 

im s**\ anma, more prospering. 

(u\) anah, i, inf. anh, unuh, anih, 
breathe heavily; sigh, groan; 
envy ; — v. show foolishness. 

&*\ anh-in, see { j&\ anhi ; — anna-hu 
(q\ anna f q.v., with pron. of the 
3rd person), because, that ; per- 
chance, peradventure ; since ; 
how ! why ! — inna-hu, certainly, 
indeed ; to be sure ; yes. 

\&\ anhd\ pi. of ^ nahy, rain-pit, 
pond ; — inhd\ bringing news, 
announcing, &c, iv. of (o3*)> 
q.T. 

j\&\ anhdry rivers, &c, pi. of j$ 
nahry nahar. 

<>W^ inhddy raising ; encouraging ; 
instigating; calling out. 

p\*&\ inhiddm, destruction ; ruin ; 

overthrow. 
j&\ anhar, bright, serene ; — anhur, 
rivers, pi. of j$ nahr, nahar ; — 
days, pi. of fo nahar. 

)\)&\ inhizdzy being shaken ; waver- 
ing. 

f\y&\ inhizdm, being routed ; defeat ; 
flight. 

{J*&\ anhasy more given to biting ; 
worse. 

fX&&\ inhiddm, digestion. 

*±J V^ inhildk, self-destruction. 



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Vrt 



)U&\ inhimdz, marking with ham- 
za-t. 

»*5U$J\ inhimdk, entirely devoting 
one's self to a thing ; zeal ; dili- 
gence. 

JW^ inhimdl, delaying; neglect- 
ing; being neglected; raining 
gently but incessantly. 

o® 5 ^ <*>nte (a>\ anh-in), pi. of ^e 
nahy, rain-pit, pond. 

W^ anhiyd, pi. of ^e* nahiyy, pru- 
dent, wise ; forbidden. 

jWrt inhiydr, downfall, overthrow. 

G)W^ inhiydn, contempt ; (m.) in- 
sult (offered). 

(jrt) into, pi. and, time ; night. 

fy anwa\ having knowledge of the 
stars, skilled in astronomy. 

j\y\ anwdr, fires, lights, &c, pi. of 
j* ndr, ;y nur. 

g\f\ anwd', sorts, kinds, &c, pi. of 
M nau*. 

v5V^ anwdq, she-camels, pi. of &to 
ndqa-t. 

JtyJ anwdl, gifts ; looms, Ac, pi. 
of Jy naul, q.v. 

ty^ aw«A, breathing heavily ; sigh- 
ing ; avaricious ; — unuh, sigh- 
ing, inf. of (e^). 
jf\ anwar, brighter, more shining, 
more luminous ; — 8 anwira-t, 
fires, &c, pi. of j\i ndr. 

^y^ anus, fame ; pi. unus, not 
given to biting (dog) ; — S unU- 
sa-t, human society. 

<*Jf\ anuf, chaste (woman) ; — unilf, 
dmlf, noses, pi. of s~*\ anf. 

jy\ anuq, a carrion-kite; pelican; 
— anwuq=&\f\ anwdq. 

s*3yj anwak, stupid. 

Gjrt) an<*>> h inf. any, an-an, and 9 , 
an, in, be opportune ; be or come 
in time ; be nearly ripe ; reach 
boiling heat ; — inf. iny, uniyy, 
tarry, cause delay ; — ani, a, inf. 
inan, not to be in a hurry ; — 11. 
tarry, hesitate ; — iv. inf. ind\ 
delay anybody; — v., x. treat a 
matter diligently and consider- 
ately ; treat a person with pa- 
tience ; wait patiently for. 



^\ an-an, pi. and', uniyy, the pro- 
per time; highest degree; the 
whole of the day ; — any, mo- 
desty, staidness ; — iny, any, 
night-time ; — aniyy, ripe, ma- 
ture; — dni (q\ dn-in), f. 8 boiling; 
overflowing; mild, gentle, and 
patient ; — anna, wherever, any- 
where; where? how? — 5 dniya-t, 
vessels, pi. of \i\ and 9 . 

s->Wrt anydb, canine teeth, &c, pi. 
of s->^ nab. 

s-**rt anyab, provided with canine 
teeth, a tusk, &c. ; — anyub, 
canine teeth, pi. of *t»^ nab. 

<a***\ anil, envied ; envy ; groaning. 

*±-£\ anis, soft iron; — I anisa-t, 
luxuriant (pasture). 

£t*\ anih, heavy breathing ; sighing. 

jt>\ anyar, brighter, clearer, more 
luminous. 

u^\ anis, of equal disposition ; 
familiar ; confidant ; companion ; 
cock ; — anis, 8 anisa-t, magpie ; 

— anisa-t, fire ; — h anisiyya-t, 
familiarity. 

(j±&\ anid, half raw or corrupted 
(meat) ; fright. 

<Jkrt aniq, pleasing, pretty ; — 
anyuq, she-camels, pi. of ti\* 
ndqa-t. 

(**\ anim, creatures, created things 
= p\i\ andm and p>\ anam. 

&J\ anin, sighing (s.). 

***\ anih, weak. 

a\ ah, ah-i, dh, dh-i, oh ! alas ! — 8 
dha-t, measles ; lamentation. 

(tf) ahh, inf. ahh, ahha-t, ihha-t, be 
grieved and sigh ; — n., v. same 
meaning. 

s->W ihdb, pi. ahab, uhub, dMba-t, 
skin ; complexion ; raw leather. 

s j^t\ ahdjiyy, satires, lampoons, 
pi. of iy+*>\ uhjuwwa-t. 

*-«Ajb\ ahddib, v***V*\ ahddib, rain- 
showers in heavy drops, moun- 
tain masses, pi. of *t-4fc hadba-t. 

JU\ ahdl, dhdl, pi. of J*t ahl, q.v. ; 

— 5 ihdla-t, fat, grease; sheep 
with a fat tail; — <j ahdli, pi. 
of J*\ ahl, q.v. 

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w-«M*\ ahdlib, kinds, manners, 

ways, pi. of s^jM uhlub, S oAZit- 

6a- 1 
JJW ahdlil, new moons, Ac, pi. 

of JU AtWZ. 
q\*\ ihdn, bunch of green dates; 

trunk of a tree ; — * ihdna-i, 

contempt; treachery. 

*M^ ahdnid, pi. of Juub At'orf, Hin- 
doo. 

(s-<^), ii. ahhab, get ready, be pre- 
pared;— v. inf. ta'ahhub, get 
ready; prepare for war; equip 
one's self. 

s-^ ahab, uhub, skins, pi. of s^M>\ 
ihdb\--l dhiba-t, skins, pi. of 
s^ ihdb ; — uhba-t, pi. uhab, 
war material ; ammunition ; 
gear ; what is necessary. 

W^ ahbd\ atoms, f. pi. of La hibd 9 ; 
— ihbd', raising dust. 

%p*ft ahbira-ty lowlands, pi. of ^-«a 
habir. 

\**\ ahta', hump-backed. 

fiy*>\ ihtizdz, becoming agitated ; 
wavering, tottering ; exulting, 
rejoicing. 

p\y*>\ ihtizdm, haste ; noise. 

pUsA>\ ihtimdm, pi. -at, zeal, dili- 
gence ; care, solicitude. 

y**ft ahjar, longer and thicker; 
better; f. hajrd\ unbecoming 
(speech). 

hl+*^ uhjilra-t, habit, custom. 

Zf±&\ uhjuwwa-t, $*i**>\ ithjiyya-t, 
pi. ahdjiyy, satire, lampoon. 

5**^ ihjij, deep valley. 

<4F*^ ihjira, \y****ft ihjird', custom, 
habit. 

**\ ahadd f cowardly. 

\**ft ahda', hump- backed ; — ihdd\ 
offering ; giving for a present ; 
conducting in the right way. 

s->^\ ahdab, with long eye-lashes ; 
with long branches. 

J^ ahdal, f. hadld', flabby. 

<£±*\ ahda, better guide. 

s->^^ ihzdb, swiftness. 

(ytft) ahar, coll., noun of unity ; — 5 
ahara-t, pi. ahardt, furniture of 



a room ; good condition ; shape, 
form. 

\j*>\ ahrd', granaries, pi. of <^/> 
hury. 

j\^\ ihrdq, pouring out, shedding. 

fftj*\ ahrdm, pi. of rft haram, pyra- 
mid. 

<z>)*\ ahrat, oy&>\ ahrad, having a 
large mouth (lion). 

?y*>\a hza\ only left, last. 

\**ft ahsd\ strong valiant men. 

\**ft ahda 9 , troops of people. 

(+**ft ahdam, f. hadmd', thin, lean ; 
having strong front teeth. 

JW ahtal, f. hafld', falling Jn 
heavy drops. 

\f*\ ahkd 9 , pi. perplexed people. 

&»j£*ft uhkihna-t, jest, mockery. 

J^ ahl, pi. ahlun, ahdl-in, ahdli, 
ahdl, dhdl, ahldt, ahaldt, family ; 
house, tent ; master of the 
house ; wife ; people, men, man ; 
fit for ; inhabitants ; aUahdli 
(m.) peasants; vagabonds; ad- 
venturers ; — ahil, tame ; — dhil, 
populated; — S ahla-t, pi. ahldt, 
family, race; wife; — ahila-t, 
wealth ; — ahilla-t 9 new moons, 
pi. of jto hildl 

( j^) ahal, i, u, inf. uhill, take a 
wife ; — ahil, a, inf. ahal, become 
familiar with (v> bi) ; become 
accustomed to a place (ace.) ; — 
ii. inf. ta'hil, welcome ; deem 
fit for or worthy of (J li) ; iv. 
inf. i'hdl, same meaning ; make 
one master and father of a 
family ; give a wife ; — v. inf. 
ta'ahhul, viii. inf. i'tihdl, take a 
wife ; v. be worthy of (J li) ; — 
x. inf. isti'hdl, deem worthy ; 
take the fat for one's self. 

toft ahl-an, welcome ! ^ j toft ahl- 
an wa sahl-an, be welcome and 
at your ease. 

dtoft ihldk, annihilation ; destruc- 
tion. 

Jto>\ ihldl, beginning of the lunar 
month ; (m.) exordium ; shout- 
ing of pilgrims or of those who 
perceive the new moon. 



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*r-A*\ ahlab, f. halbd', hairy, bristly, 
and, by opposition, hairless, 
plucked ; rainy ; very fertile. 

*r>}*\ uhlub, 8 uhluba-t, pi. ahdlib, 
kind, species; manner, way of 
doing a thing. 

JjW uhlul, Tain ; vanities. 

im j*\ ahliyy, tame, domesticated ; 
accustomed to a place ; — 5 
ahliyy a-t, being fit for ; skill ; 
ability ; duty ; sociability ; re- 
lationship ; possession ; (m.) 
wife. 

e M ^ ihlilij, myrobalan tree. 

f**\ ahamm, graver, more impor- 
tant, more distressing. 

W&\ ahmd*, worn out clothes, pi. of 
(+*> him' ; — ihmd\ wearing out. 

JUa\ ihmdl, leaving in the lurchj; 
neglecting ; negligence. 

pU&>\ ahmdm, pi. of (** himm, de- 
crepit ; — ihmdm, grieving, caus- 
ing sorrow. 

&*\ dhan, iron (Pers.) ; — &*>\ 
JUJ\ dhinu-Umdl-i, hereditary 
property ; ready money. 

&*>\ ahna 1 , slipping, sliding to and 
fro ; son of a high-born Arabian 
woman ; small. 

C\ dhil, gazelle (Pers.). 
j *\ ahwd\ passions, loves, desires, 

<fcc, pi. of ^y^ hawa ; — ihwd\ 

falling down, &c, iv. of (<^y^) 

q.v. 
JtyN ahwdl, terrors, <fec, pi. of Jy& 

haul, 
G)*\ ahwaj, f. haujd', pi. huj, 

lengthy ; fiery ; precipitate ; 

fleet ; fool-hardy, rash ; violent. 
«>y^ ahwad, Monday. 
u*y&^ ah was, f. hausd', hausa, 

greedy ; voracious. 
l*)*>\ ahwi'a-t, pi. of £\J*> hawd 1 , 

the month S**ti\ ^ ziU l-qa'dat-i. 
Jy^ uhiil, taking a wife, inf. of 

Ja\ ahal ; — ahwal, more or most 

formidable. 
f)*\ ahwam, having a large head. 
i$)*\ ah wan, easier, easiest; toil- 
less ; unimportant ; Monday. 
bj*\ ahwind', pi. of {$e* hayyin, 



hain, easy to be done or borne, 

<fec. 
<3)*\ ahwa, more wished for, more 

desirable ; dearer ; — 8 uhwiyya-t, 

deep valley ; atmosphere, 
(o*^) a hd, inf. ahy, laugh aloud. 
s ***\ ahyab, more or very much 

revered. 
£*%*^ uhaijina-t, youths married to 

girls before either have attained 

to puberty. 
<j~<i*>\ ahya8 t courageous ; fiery. 
£e*>\ ahyag, plentiful, abundant; 

aUahyagdn, eating and drink- 
ing ; food and sexual enjoyment. 
<-M>^ ahyaf, f. haifd', pi. hif, thin, 

slender ; not bulked out. 
tjh*\ ahyaq, long-necked. 
J*^ ahil, well populated ; — uhail, 

folks ; common people. 
(***\ ahy am, dark ; — f . haimCC , pi. 

htm, wandering (diseased camel) ; 

thirsty, languishing; pi. hiydm, 

waterless desert. 
{***\ ahyimV, pi. of q**> hayyin, 

hain, easy to be done or borne, 

&c, q.v. 
y au, or, unless ; — a-wa, interro- 
gative ; — aww, the conjunction 

y au (used as a substantive) ; — 

aww, oh ; — 8 uiawa-t, pi. uwaw, 

calamity. 
\£ iwd\ receiving hospitably, iv. of 

(c5^) ; — calamity, misfortune. 
s->y dwdb, pi. of s->^ aub, region, 

&c, q.v. ; — awwab, who returns 

to God; penitent. 
•M\jt awdbid, pi. of %*i\ dbida-t, 

disaster, calamity. 
J*ty awdbil, camels, pi. of J*\ ibl, 

ibil. 
j**V awdhir, pi. of l^\ dhira-t, end, 

extreme, termination (gram.). 
fjs^fl awdfci, pi. of &t£\ dhiyya-t, 

need, distress ; ties. 

pi. of p*>\ ddam, 

waves, pi. of <^ft 
dziyy.^ 
)\)\ nwdr, pi. #\ dr, heat; ardour; 
flame ; thirst ; smoke ; south- 



P*\)\ awddim, 

Adam. 
<3^£ awdzi, 



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wind ; — <^ awdr-in, awdri, man- 
gers, stables, pi. of ^\ iry, ariy. 

t^V <*>wdrij, 8 awdrija-t, journal, 
a diary, a memorandum - book 
(Pers.). 

)^ awdz, time before the spring 
equinox (Pers.). 

p)\)\ awdzimy teeth, pi. of &^ dzi- 
ma-t. 

la~y awdsif, middles, Ac, pi. of 
I»-«\ aueaf and W~j wasit. 

vj-V awtm, women who circumcise 
girls, <fca, pi. of h~\ dsiya-t, 

j*\y awdsir, wombs, <fcc, pi. of ^ 

asira-£. 
gi>\$ awddih, moonlit nights (13th 
to 15th of the month) ; pi. of 
e*>)\ audah, more or most evi- 
dent, clear, distinct. 
s-^»V awd^ib, leathern bags for milk, 

&c, pi. of s-^j wa(b, q.v. 
£\)\ awdq-in, J>\$ awdqi, pounds, 
pi. of &*>£ uqiyya-t ; — awdqiyy, 
shuttle. 
U&\)\ awdlif, (female) companions, 

pi. of W\ dlifa-t. 
<J\)\ awdli, pi. of <J)\ aula, nearer, 
worthier, fitter, &c. ; — pi. of 
J^ awwal, first, best, &c. ; — pi. 
of J^ dl-in, too weak, insufficient. 
p\)\ uwdm, violent thirst; heat; 

smoke ; giddiness ; sinew. 
y\)\ awdmir, pi. of y\ amr, order, 

command. 
q\)\ awdn, iwdn, pi. dwinu-t, time, 
season ; dwinat-an (a'inat-ari), 
sometimes ; ±&\)\ awdnaHz-in, at 
that time, then ; — iwdn, pi. q$ 
un=Q\$\ iwdn, palace, &c, q.v. ; 
— dwdn, times, moments, pi. of 
<^ dn ; — %s uwdni, vessels, vases, 
pi. of M ind\ 
a\>\ awwdh, who sighs frequently ; 
merciful; learned in law; secure, 
certain ; Abraham ; prayer ; — 
uwwdh, oh ! alas ! 
<**>\)\ awdhid, Mondays, pi. of **>£ 

auhad. 
0i;V awdwin, palaces, &c, pi. of 
(jj\^\ iwdn, q.v. 



Jfy\ awd!il, the first, &c, pi. of 

M awwal. 
(^y awd'in, pi. f. of y& a' in, 

quiet, 
(s^) db, v, inf. aub, iydb, auba-t, 
aiba4, iba-t, iyydb, return ; — inf. 
aub, intend ; come to the water 
at night-time ; keep away ; — 
tnf. iydb, uyub, set (sun) ; — 
awib, a, inf. awab, be angry ; 
— ii. inf. ta 1 ivib, ta 'yib, return; 
intonate again ; travel the whole 
day; n., in. (inf. irnu' dwaba-t, 
mu'waba-t), vie in walking 
(camels) ; — iv. inf. fa& («-r>^)> 
provoke to anger; — v. inf. ta- 
f awwub, return; inf. ta'wwub, 
ta'yubb, come to the water at 
night-time ; vni. inf. i'tdb, ittdb, 
same meaning ; return, 
s^ aub, return; repentance; pi. 
dwdb, region ; quick walking ; 
custom, habit ; intention ; way, 
road ; cloud ; wind ; — 3 auba-t, 
quick walking; return; coming 
homeward ; (m.) set of friends ; 
tent ; — pi. aubdt, foot. 
W^ aubd', catching diseases, plagues, 

&c, pi. of V»j waba\ q.v. 
J*»W aubdS, rabble, populace, &c, 

pi. of <j**j wdbas. 
f)\ aubar, very hairy (camel). 
*&>£ auttdd, pegs, &c, pi. of ^ 

watad, q.v. 
Js$ autdr, strings, &c, pi. of f) 

watar. 
J*^ autal, pi. wutul, utul, who 
gorges himself with food and 
drink. 
(jjVty ausdn, idols, pi. of yt) wasan. 
f)\ ausar, enmity. 
«jty ausaq, f . wusqa, trustworthy ; 

firm, strong. 
C^ auj, height, summit, culmina- 
tion. 
£W^ aujd', ailings, &c., pi. of g*j 

waja*. 
«jW^ ujdq, fire-place ; hearth ; 
chimney ; the corps of janissaries 
(Turk.). 



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JW^ aujdl, fears, tender feelings, 

pi. of J^j wajl. 
s~*^ aujab, more or most necessary. 
y*)\ aujar, f. wajrd\ very cautious ; 

timid, timorous; — £ aujira-t, 

dens, <fcc, pi. of jWj wajdr, wijdr. 
u~*^ att/<w, a little, something ; 

time. 
&*)\ auja', more painful. 
J^y aujal, who is afraid of (<£* 

f»$-)\ aujam, more or much ex- 
tended. 

(^^ aujan, strong, firm ; al-aujan, 
strong rope. 

&+£ aujah, more sightly, hand- 
some ; more esteemed ; clearer ; 
— aujuh, faces, &c, pi. **j tra/fc, 
q.v. 

^^ aw/a, having a sore hoof ; — 8 
aujiya-t, bundles of clothes, 
portmanteaus, pi. of W) wijd\ 

e^ auhdj, loop-holes, holes, pi. of 
&%»>; wahja-t. 

J^ auhdl, puddles, &c, pi. of J^ 
wahl. 

>**>£ auhad y pi. uhddn, vmhddn, 
unique, incomparable. 

^5^ auha, happening sooner. 

(*y ) dd y u, inf. aud f bend (a.) ; 
incline to one side (n.) ; return ; 
— inp. aud, uunld, importune ; — 
avrid, a, inf. awady grow crooked ; 
crouch; — n. make crooked; 
fold; make one's speech ob- 
scure ; — v. grow crooked ; bend 
(n.); — v., vi. importune, mo- 
lest ; — vii., vni. grow crooked; 
bend (n.). 

*)\ awad, hard work ; molestation ; 
bother; — crookedness, inf. of 
(^); — dwady f . audd\ crooked; — 
awadd, dearer, more agreeable; 

— awidd, avmddy pi. of ^ waddy 
vmdd, idddy lover, friend ; — S 
auda-ty load, weight. 

\*)\ audd'y f. of *jl awady crooked ; 
also 8 auddt, h auddya-t, valleys, 
&c, pi. of *\j wad-in, ^\y wddi ; 

— awiddd'y lovers, friends, pi. of 
•&i«>j wadid. 



*>\*J^ audddy friends, lovers, pi. of 
*>« wadd, vmdd, widd. 

£*>/ auda'y with a white throat 
(pigeon) ; field-mouse ; shrew- 
mouse. 

*sJ^\ audahy f. wadlcd\ sand-hill ; 
&*)\ «^W bandt audah, calami- 
ties. 

W*$ audan, soft, supple, flexible. 

h*£ audiya-ty valleys, &c, pi. of 
S\) wad-in, <^*>\j wddi. 

C^ auzahy contemptible. 

G^) « r > u > *> nave sexua ^ inter- 
course with a woman; — n. in- 
flame, ignite ; — x. be afraid ; 
flee and disperse in a plain ; 
hasten in the darkness ; be in 
violent anger ; prepare for a leap. 

$ ant, north-wind; motion of the 
clouds ; — ur, south- wind ; pi. of 
j\$ awdry heat, etc., q.v. ; — awir, 
stony. 

v3\)j\ aurdq, leaves, &c, pi. of Jjj 
waraq, q.v. 

**»\ aurida-ty jugular veins, pi. of 
Jtyj warid. 

y*)«^ awiras, auras, cypress. 

vj)/ auraq, f . warqd\ pi. wurq, dark 
grey ; ashes ; rainless year ; milk 
with two parts of water ; f . 
worqd\ pi. J^)) wardqiy wardqdy 
she- wolf; dove. 

d»\ aurak, f . warM\ havingfull hips. 

^ auram, people ; troop. 

fi^ aurahy f . warhd 9 , stupid ; bluff ; 
violent ; raining abundantly. 

(u\) auzy awazy computation. 

j/ iuxizzy pi. iwazzhiy goose; fat 
dwarf ; mobile, agile. 

j\))\ auzdr, heavy burdens, crimes, 
sins, pi. of fy wizr. 

q\))\ auzdriy weights, measures, <fec., 
pi. of oft wazn. 

q$ auzariy weightier. 
^\ iwazza, waddling (s.) ; — iwaz- 
ziyy, belonging or referring to a 
goose. 

(u*^) d*> v y 1NF - aU8 > fy" 8 ' P resen * 
with, retribute; — x. get retri- 
bution, company, a present, help 



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tr»y au8 9 present ; loan ; opportu- 
nity ; wolf ; — aus-an, in the 
stead of. 

fcV*^ avsdh, impurities, <&c, pi. of 

£— ) VXl8afy. 

L\~)\ au8dt, middles, &c, pi. of ^ 

wasaf. 
£~^ ausah, dirtier, more polluted. 
io~^ ausaf, pi. awd&if, f. wustd', 

middle part; medium; moderate; 

— v5 ausafiyy, same meaning. 
£~^ ansa 1 , wider, more spacious. 
£^frj\ autiha-t, jewelled belts of 

women, &c, pi. of c^j wisdh, 

q v. 
(^j* auian, parasite. 
«-*^ ausdf, pi. ot «-A->j was/, 

quality, &c. 
>^ ausar, elevated (ground). 



e 



>y ausiya, testators, Ac;, pi. of 
^ wasiyy, q.v. 

£^ audd 1 , pi. of g-Aj warf', q.v. 

^*y audah, pi. £-*^\ awddih, more 
or veTy distinct, clear, evident. 

£Aj\ auda 1 , lower. 

&*)\ oda-t, pi. orfaf, uwad, room ; 
company of soldiers (Turk. *ty). 

W-*^ audiyd', pi. of ^j wadi', 
shining with purity and white- 
ness ; pure, neat ; handsome of 
face. 

gU^ autdn, native countries, homes, 
Ac, pi. of {$±y vxtfn, wafan. 

&p\ oja-t, see &)\ oda-t, above. 

&*^ auzifa-t, pi. of *-A*kj war*/, 
thinnest part of a horse's leg. 

s-**^ au'ab, more fit, to grant or 
exhaust the whole of a thing. 

fy\ au'ar, rough, rugged ; compli- 
cated; — au'ur, pi. of fy wa l r, 
rough, rugged, difficult. 

£**^ auHya-t, vessels, vases, <fec, pi. 
of Uj wi'&\ q.v. 

Vfc^\ augd', wind, air. 

(<-J^) df, u, injure ; hurt ; afflict. 

fo\ aufar,f. wafrd', very capacious ; 
full ; large ; richly grown. 

$l)\ aufaq, more or most appro- 
priate. 

J^ aufa, more abundant, more 
sufficient. 



(i3^) dq 9 tj, inf. auq, be higher 
than ; incline towards ; bring 
misfortune upon (all with ^ 
'aid) ; — n. inf. ta 'fiq, vex, tor- 
ment ; bring into difficulties ; 
humble ; prevent ; — v. inf. ta'af- 
fuq, be prevented. 

jy auq, burden, load, weight ; dif- 
ficulty ; bother ; sewer; — 8 
auqa-t, troop ; — iiqa-t, pi. uq, 
tiqdt, cistern ; eyrie ; — uqa~t, 
vqqa-t, pi. uqaq, okka=3 lbs. 
4 oz. Engl. 

«>^ auqdt, times, seasons, &c, pi. 
of vs^ waqt. 

**J\*)\ auqdf, pi. of «-ASj waqf, be- 
quest, pious foundation, &c. 

j*j\ avqar, graver, steadier. 

\j£)\ auqas, short-necked ; nearest 

r ( wa j); 

- y vqiyyQs'tj ***y waqiyya-t, pi. 
awdq-in, awdqi, waqdyd, a weight 
of about a pound. 

^»yW»^ oqiydnus, ocean. 

£>}\ aukah, earth, sand and stones. 

a$ aukad, firmer ; more secure ; 
more certain. 

ij~Z)\ aukas, vulgar, common man. 

t&$ atika', contemptible ; big and 
stupid. 

{$*£ aukun, nests, pi. of (^ wakn. 

&y auka-t, anger, malice ; cala- 
mity. 

£**)\ aukiya-t, pi. of ^ wikd\ q.v. 

(J^) dl, v, inf. aid, ma'dl, return ; 
be reduced ; come to a pass ; re- 
nounce ; separate from (y* 'an) ; 

— inf. ma'dl, diminish (a.) ; — 
inf. aul, iydl, coagulate, con- 
dense ; — inf. aul, iydl, iyd1a~t, 
superintend ; govern ; keep in 
good order or condition ; escape ; 
take to flight ; waste, grow thin ; 

— inf. iydl, govern well ; — awil, 
a, go in front; — n. cause to 
return ; explain, make clear ; in- 
terpret (dreams) ; determine the 
number, measure, or quantity ; 

— v. explain ; expose ; — viii. 
keep in good order. 

J^ awwal, pi. awd'il, awdli, f. ^\ 



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uXa, vulg. awwala-t, pi. ulaydt, 
first, foremost ; beginning ; aU 
awwaldn, al-awd'il, the ancient, 
ancestors ; — 8 awwala-t, begin- 
ning ; the first. 

3^ uld'i, pi. of U £a, 53 £i*&, this. 

*&>!M uZaJ, see ^\ ulu, ^\ iila. 

*y$j( auldd, sons, children, pi. of ^ 
walad. 

*sW)\ uld'ika, comra., and f. dty 
uldk, pi. of ^U zdk, *^3V> i^, 
that. 

ctUfS^ uld'ilika, pi. of «£*!.> raZiA;, 
that. 

gjy awZa', foolishness ; infatua- 
tion. 

,3^ aulaq, foolishness ; fool. 

^ a-wa-lam, is it not so ? 

jijt «Z«, f. «t>^ uldt, possessors, 
owners, pi. of ^ zu, frequent in 
composition. 

q£)\ aulawia, pi. of J^ aula, 
nearer; — awwalun, pi. of Jj\ 
awwal, the first, ancestors. 

hf)\ uluwiyya-t, majority, priority, 
superiority. 

Jj\ awZa, pi. aulaun, awdli, du. 
aulay an, f. wulyd\ du. wulyaydn, 
pi. vruld, wulyaydt, nearer ; 
worthier ; more appropriate ; — 
wZa=^ ttJai, these; in poetry = 
^AH allazin, pi. which, who, 
^ wZaAr, f . those, *V?ty wZd'i&a, 
comm. those, **U?3^ uld-ilikd, 
those ; — uXa, f. of J^ awwal, 
the first ; — uli=fo\ tdu, f . «^ 
wZaf, possessors ; in poetry = 
fji^\ allazin, pi. which, who ; — 
awwaliyy, f. 8, the first, fore- 
most ; previous ; an evident pro- 
position ; major term of a propo- 
sition ; awwaliyya-l, priority, 
superiority, precedence. 

\^)\ auliyd*, friends, patrons, &c, 

pi. of Jj waliyy, q.v. 
««UJj\ ulaydt, pi. of J^ awwal, first, 

&c. 
(^) dm, u, inf. a«m, be very 
thirsty ; cry out from thirst ; 
keep in good condition, govern 
well; — inf. aunt, iydm, fumi- 



gate, drive the bees out by 
smoke ; — u. inp. ta'wim, make 
thirsty ; render tall and stout. 
P)\ uwam, pi. disastrous ; — awamm, 

a better prefect or Imam, 
(o^) d n > J3 > inp. aun, be in easy 
circumstances ; rest ; — n. eat 
his fill (ass) ; easily accommodate 
one's self to circumstances. 
Q)\ aun, ease, and, by opposition, 
fatigue ; rest ; gentleness ; equal 
walk ; the two equal parts of a 
burden; pack-saddle; — un, 
palaces, &c, pi. of <$ty iwdn ; — 
dwin, at ease, quiet, at rest ; — I 
dwina-t, pi. tortoises ; times, 
pi. of q\)\ awdn. 
<J*^ aunuq, she-camels, &c, pi. of 

<&\> ndqa-t. 
(5^\) 6"\ dh, dh-i, dh-in, \*>\ dh-an, &*\ 
auh-a, auh-u, ty awwah, awwun, 
y\ dw-in, dw-i, dww-i, *\3)\ awa- 
tdh-u, oh ! alas ! — 1\ dh, inf. 
auh, ii. inp. ta'wih, v. inf. ta'aw- 
wuh, call out oh! lament; feel 
pain. 
J»^ auhdf, pi. quarrels, conten- 
tions, disputes. 
f>\&)\ auhdm, opinions, fancies, sus- 
picions, &c, pi. of (**) wahm. 
**)\ auhad, pi. awdhid, Monday. 
)&)\ auhaz, having a graceful walk, 
(j-fc^ auhan, weaker. 
l*&>)\ auhiya-t, rents, clefts, pi. of 

tjfcj wahy. 
)y$ aivilr, east- wind. 
tjfl aw ah, oh ! alas ! 
^^ awawiyy, corporeal; wonder- 
ful, miraculous (derived from 
&i\ dya4). 
(<jfl) awii 1 f * NF « iwiyy> uwiyy, 
iwd', look for shelter, put up, 
alight (with J\ ila or ace. of 
place) ; receive hospitably ; — 
awi, A, inf. auya-t, ayya-t, ma'- 
wdt, ma'wiyat, have mercy upon 
(J li), compassionate ; — n. inf. 
ta'wiyat, alight; receive hospi- 
tably; — iv. receive hospitably; 
v., vi. alight; gather together ; 
— viii. inp. ittiwd\ Vtiwd\ 



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alight ; rest, repose ; have mercy 
upon (J li). 

^\ dwi, pi. uwiyy, alighting, having 
command of ; compassionate ; — 
uwiyy, flocks of birds. 

**$ uwaijih, dim. of **j wo; A, face, 
&c. 

^ awid, noise of a crowd, tumult. 

v~lp\ uwais, dim. of <j*j\ aws, wolf. 

J*y uwail, dim. of J^ «Z=J^ aftZ, 
people. 

^ ai, viz., namely, that is, i.e. ; — 
i, well, yes ! — ayyu, ! thou ! 
— 8 dya-t, pi. ai, %«, dydt, sign, 
wonder, miracle; verse of the 
Koran ; tomb-stone ; anything 
existing ; body ; pi. di, example 
for imitation ; characteristic ; 
assembly ; — aya-t, embassy ; 
missive. 

(^)ayy, comm. and f. 8 ayya-t, who- 
ever, whichever ; which ? what ? 
followed by a nouu in the oblique 
case, as j*; <J\ ayy-u rajuUin, 
what man ; or by an affixed per- 
sonal pron., as (*&i\ ayyu-kum, 
which of you, &c; — vulg. e, eh, 
end, with ^ myy, se, contracted 
into ^ri\ es, what ? J^J les (for 
^ <£$ li-ayy-i sayyin), for what 
reason ? for what purpose ? why ? 
<J~1* 'aleS, why ? <j**W bes, where- 
with ? 

\t\ ayd, ha ! ho ! holla ! — iyyd, a 
prop for the pronominal affixes, 
when any personal pronoun is 
to be expressed emphatically, 
mostly in the accusative, and 
especially when two affixes depend 
on the same verb in a sentence, 
as, b\t\ *&*Aa£ \ ataitu-ka iyyd-hu, 
I have given it to thee; iyyd- 
ka,f. iyyd-ki (supply j&A ihzar), 
be on thy guard ! — &j wa~iyyd, 
l*j wavyd, with, together with, 
as, (&.) wayyd-kum, together 
with you, <fcc. ; — & aydt, iyydt, 
light ; splendour, radiance ; — 
ai'a-t, form ; sight ; aspect. 

s->^ iydb, return, sunset (s->y) ; — 
Vab } iv. of (s^j), q.v. ; —ayydb, 



seller of water ; — iyydb, leathern 

bag, leathern pipe. 
{j-ik\ aydbis, pi. of {j~a\ aibas, dry, 

&c. 
ci>y dydt, signs, miracles, &c, pi. 

of h\ dya-t. 
4\i.\ iydd, protection ; refuge ; en- 
trenchment ; rampart ; rind ; 

wing of an army ; sand-hill ; — 

aydd-in and <^>\a\ ayddi, hands, 

&c, pi. of ^ yad. 
p*4\t\ ayddim, surface of the earth, 

<fec, pi. of IA& i'ddma-t. 
J*) aydr, brass, latten ; — iydr, air ; 

— iv. of ( } \j), q.v. ; — ayydr, 

month of May ; — dydr, pudenda 

of a man, pi. of j>\ air. 
5;V>\ iydrij, 8 , laxative (medicine). 
<j*\£ iyds, despair ; softness. 
&#*\i\ aydsin, men, pi. of q\~J\ i's&n. 
y°\t\ ayd sir (o*^ aydst), pi. of y*i\ 

aisar, q.v. 
JkV>\ aydtil, hypochondres, pi. of 

JM aifal. 
#£ aydg, cup ; glory ; dignity ; 

present ; compassion (Pers.). 
**)^\ iyydka, iyydhi, see V>\ iyyd. 
JV>) iydl, 8, see (J^), ( J^) ; — 8 

iydla-t, pi. iydldt, district ; go- 
vernment, province ; — iydldt, 

pi. river-dales. 

iydm, driving out bees by 

smoke ; — uydm, iydm, pi. uyum, 

smoke ; — ayydm, days, pi. of f£ 

yauw. 
y\>\ aydmin (y*»\t\ aydmin), right 

hands, &c, pi. of &+t\ aiman and 

&#H yamin. 
ifW aydma, pi. of ^ ayyim, hus- 

bandless, widowed. 
<3*V aydniq, she-camels, &c, pi. of 

fate ndqa~t. 
ftty aydwim, days (especially of 

calamity), pi. of p$ yaum. 
(ji^\ aydwin, palaces, &c, pi. of 

g\yl\ iwdn. 
\fe\ aydyd, along with you ! go on ! 
Jftj\ aydHl, mountain- goats, deer, 

stags, pi. of Ja\ ayyal, &c. 
f^l\ ayd'im, pi. of ^>\ ayyim, hus- 

bandless, widowed. 



(U 



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s-fl 97 

«fl f'bd, refusing (^\) ; — %d\ 
being visited by the plague 

*>Vs>l i&ad, singling out (J^). 

u*W*t i6a«, drying, drying up, 
parching (u~**). 

v>W^ #><ii, hastening (cr*j). 

*»W*^ &a£, weakening, making power- 
. le ss(^). 

Jw 1605, throwing into prison, 
ruining, annihilating (<Jty). 

JWft f&aJ, being rich in camels. 

*W^ #>«A, not caring for (<fy). 

cr*rt^ atfow, pi. aydbis, dry, parched ; 
fleshless ; anything hard, to try 
upon the sharpness of a blade, 
Ac. ; — aibisy be silent ! imp. of 

J*4^ tbal, atbal, aibul, ^ aibaliyy, 
Christian monk; — I ibala-t, 
fagot. 

W aiba-t, return ; fodder, food ; — 
d'iba-t, fl>a-t 9 watering at night- 
time. 

Ufl i'td', making a present; libe- 
rality ; gift, present. 

C^i) Uah, giving or possessing but 
little, living in strait circum- 
stances ; dunning (e»j). 

*>^ itdd, fastening a peg, Ac., in 
the ground (Jtfj). 

j^ it&r, iv. of (yj), q.v. 

£^ itdg, ruining, destroying, Ac. 

puj> aitdm, orphans, Ac., pi. of 
(+~l yatim ; — Udm, making an 
orphan; having fatherless chil- 
dren ((**). 

s->Usrt i'tibdb, being prepared for a 
journey. 

Ajifl i'tibdr, digging a well. 

Vl^S\ i'tibdt, standing quiet, and, by 
opposition, being agitated. 

jUsft i'tisdr, following the traces. 

;V^ i'tijdr, asking for wages, pre- 
sents, alms. 

iVafcstt iHihdz, choosing and taking 
for one's self, Ac, vm. (-W). 

Jjsft i'tirdr, hastening. 

)\ff\ i'tizdz, boiling, becoming agi- 
tated. 



& 



^-*ft i'twa, affording consolation by 

anything. 
j\~*i\ Uisdr, deciding by casting 

lots (j~*). 

£Uj%i itisd', extending far, being 

spacious, Ac. (f-j). 
^Mn UiM\ being embroidered 

wn i'tM 9 , being healed (broken 

bone), (^jM). 
^Usft i'tisdr, growing high and 

abundantly, Ac. ( **T). 
^©Usft Vtisds, assembling. 
«-*U»\ #i$a/, being described, Ac. 

^Usn i'tiddd, seeking, Ac. (^). 
U**\ #ifa', being levelled and sof- 
tened, Ac. (ILj). 
wsJteft i'tifdk, being overthrown. 
**3^s?\ i'tikdk, being very hot, Ac. 

«-*^ i7i/a/, concord. 

pUoft i'timdm, intending, taking 

for a model (^\). 
m tsa', suffering shipwreck, Ac. 

jUn Vsdr, preferring, giving prece- 
dence. 

jV^ fadq, fastening, confirming, 
Ac. (J } ). 

p\£\ i'mm, causing to sin, throwing 
into sin. 

WJ ijd\ preventing, being disap- 
pointed (W$). 

s->W^ ijdb, answering, affirming, 
grantiug, affirmation (s-^) ; — 
^ ijdbiyy, affirmative ; positive. 

*>W ijdd, invention; discovery; 
creation; becoming an author, 
publisher (•**-;). 

j\+$\ i'jdr, hire, rent (;*\) ; — ijdr, 
giving medicine to a child (>*;). 

)\q?\ Vjdz, brevity ; abbreviation 

v*Wi yds, conceiving an idea ; 

imagining; sense (ir*;). 
£W3 ijd' t causing pain (&>>). 
*W$ ijdh, making respected and 

honoured, Ac. (**j). 
&WJ ijdna-t, stone jug. 
\b*$ ihd', sending, inspiring (<^). 

13 



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rft 



{J»t\ 



*&*$ ihdd, rendering unique, incom- 
parable; leaving in the lurch 

(*v) dd, a, inp. aid, grow hard and 
firm ; grow strong and powerful ; 
— ii. inf. ia'yid, make firm, 
strengthen ; confirm ; — in. inf. 
mu'dyada-t, same meaning ; help, 
assist ; — iv. inf. i'ydd, same 
meaning ; — v. inf. ta'ayyud, be 
strengthened, helped, assisted. 

±)S aid, strength ; vigour ; power ; 
authority ; — ayyid, strong, 
powerful ; — d'id, onerous, trou- 
blesome ; — aid-in, see ^^i\ aidi. 

t«*fl i'dd, help, &c. (c5^) ; — *da\ 
ruin(<j5^). 

*T>\<x\ i'ddb, spreading justice in the 
land; inviting to an entertain- 
ment. 

C^ iddh, obeying, yielding (t^). 

£\*l\ idd 1 , depositing ; taking leave, 
&c. (e^). 

M^ i'ddma-t, pi. ayddim, hard 
ground without stones ; pi. sur- 
face of the earth. 

£^ aida*, dragon's blood ; saffron ; 
basil. 

i3*t\ aidi, pi. of ^ yad, benefits ; — 
aida, more or very clever. 

IJfl a-izd, whether? if? — i'zd\ 
injuring (c5^)« 

ftoJS izdm, putting a strap to the 
bucket (p**j). 

q\&\ i'zdn, izdn, call for prayer. 

(j>\) dr, i, inf, aur, air, have sexual 
intercourse with a woman ; — 
n. have frequent sexual inter- 
course. 

^\ air, pi. dyur, dydr, uyur, penis ; 
— air, ir, north- wind ; east- wind ; 
hot wind ; — ir, cotton ; — ayyir 
(ayar), a very hard stone ; — 
d'ir, strong in sexual inter- 
course ; — ayarr, f . yarrd\ pi. 
yurr, hard as stone. 

\ji\ ird!, striking fire ; showing 

±r>\f\ iWdJb, conquering ; prosper- 
ing. 



*±>W\ irds, making one an heir ; in- 
heriting (*±^). 

ifyft i'rdh, irdh, dating, fixing the 
date. 

*>^ irdd, revenues ; objection ; 
argument ; exposition ; address ; 
intention; iv. (*>^). 

;\^ iWdr, emaciating, jading. 

W^ vrd(, overthrowing, ruining 

(V- 

<j^\ airamiyy, a stone as way- 
mark in the desert ; — airamiyy, 
iramiyy, somebody, anybody. 

S\*tfl\ iriddd, rose-colour, xi. (*>jj). 

\f\ %zd\ iv. of (<4^), q.v. ; — izd', 
leaning upon, rest upon ; lime- 
washing a house (<4)j). 

j\J\ i'zdr, strengthening (j^); — 
izdr, preserving, guarding ; 
carrying off, taking away (j)j). 

q\ji\ izdn, pondering over a matter 

(cH^) ayas, despair of (ace.) ; — 
ayis, a, inf. iyds, be without 
hope, despair of (^ min) ; — a*, 
i, inf. ais, do violence, compel, 
force ; soften ; — n. inf. ta'yis, iv. 
inf. i'yds, rendering desperate ; 
making an impression upon (^ 
fi) ; disdain, make little of ; 
soften ; — v. inf. ta'ayyus, be 
soft. 

<j~>\ ais, what exists ; — aisa, there 
is, there are, with negative \j~£ 
laisa, there is not, there are not ; 
— dyis, d f is, despairing, despe- 
rate ; — dyas, more desperate. 

\*~i\ aisd 1 , &-ft aisa-t, a woman who 
no longer has her menses ; — isd\ 
shaving (the head) ; cutting 

&~*Sisah, soiling, polluting (£~j). 

j\*~i\ aisdr, pi. of y~t yasar, easy, 
&c. ; pi. of %j~i yasara-t, lines 
of the hand ; pi. of j~k ydsir, 
who kills and divides a camel ; — 
isdr, easy birth ; prosperity ; get- 
ting rich (x~i)> 

«»*L^ i'sdf, saddening, embitter- 
ing («-A-\). 



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Google 



cr^ 



99 



fA 



s£~t\ Udq, loading a camel, a ship 

(jjUJl i'sdn, pi. ay d8in, man ; — 

Udn, render insensible (gas) ; 

sleeping, slumbering (ef-j). 
X~l\ aisar, easier to be done ; more 

convenient ; more fortunate ; 

favourable ; left, left band. 
cr<t ei (for ^ ^\ ayy-u fay-in), 

wbat? bow? why? 
^n i'td, healing (^V); — &a, 

slandering, tale-telling, &c. 

&\>&±\ iMk, walking quickly, accele- 
rating, being on the point (**^j). 

f\>**\ Udm, flashing lightly, begin- 
ning of anything to appear, as 
hair, breasts, Ac. (f*>). 

Utf tsa', making a will, Ac. (<j*j). 

«»r»^ isdb, being ill, making ill 

v-*W* isdf, being fit to become a 
servant («-A*j). 

JW\ wa?, bringing, uniting (J*j) ; 
— i'sai, coming at evening time ; 
being rooted ( J*t). 

j*$ aisar, pi. aydsir, hay, grass; a 
short tent-rope (pi. also aydsi). 

(u*A) dd, i, inf. aid, return to a 
former state, do again or re- 
peatedly ; become ; return to 
one's people. 

\*t\ aidan, again ; also ; likewise. 

C^ iddh, clear explanation ; mak- 
ing evident; evidence (cr*j)« 

&*l\ idd', hastening, causing to go 
quicker (&>>). 

fc)Uo»\ if an, choosing for a dwelling, 
Ac. (^). 

s-J»i atYa&=s-*U afyab, better, 
Ac. ; — 8 aitaba-t, aifabba-t, rut. 

JW aiful, pi. aydfil, side, hypo- 
chondrium. 

W^ i l d\ putting a thing in any re- 
ceptacle ; keeping secret (<J*j). 

**>\*>\ i'db, taking all, Ac. (s~*$). 

*>W^ i'dd, promising; threatening 

j\*i\ igdr, making water or milk to 
boil ; provoking to anger ; taking 
the custom taxes in farm (fy). 



J^\ tgdl, stepping quickly, enter- 
ing suddenly, Ac. ; adorning 
one's speech (J*j). 

W\ ifd\ fulfilment; satisfaction; 
payment (^). 

*A*i\ ifdd, sending ; very quick walk 

, {*>>' 

j W ifdz, causing to hasten ; hasten- 

. ing ( M' 
*>«fe* iqdd, lighting, burning (•**$). 

j\si\ iqdr, loading, burdening, Ac. 

V&iS iqdz, awakening (a.), (Mi). 
#3>\ iqd\ causing to fall, assaulting ; 

bringing into harmony (£ij). 
yUk\ iqdn, certitude, firm belief 

&yfei aiquna-t, image, picture 
(ctKoiv). 

(ta\*\) aiA, » , thicket ; — ayik, inf. 
ayah, being closely entwined, 
grown together ; — x. same mean- 
ing. 

\**\ iJcd 9 , causing to lean, to recline 
0$) and (J,). 

*>^\ t&ad, making firm (^). 

JKft t'fcaZ, giving to eat, Ac. (Jtf) ; 
— ikdl, confiding in God (J*j). 

J*\ il (J\ iZ), God; — ayyal, iyyal, 
ayyul, ayyil, pi. aydyil, moun- 
tain-goat ; deer ; stag ; — uyyal, 
curdled milk ; water. 

h\ tld', making one governor of a 
province, Ac. (<^j). 

tfcS Udj, inserting, placing one 
thing into another ($M. 

*h\ Had, giving birth (a$j). 

£\\ il&' 9 making eager for any- 
thing, causing to desire; insti- 
gating (&). 

v-d&ft i'ldf, accustoming to a place ; 
making the thousand full. 

pM\ i'ldm, causing pain. 

t5 ^lj\ ilchiyy, pi. ilchiyya-t, ambas- 
sador, envoy (Turk.). 

&*k\ ailama-t, anxiety ; stir ; sound ; 
tone. 

Jjk\ ailiil, month of September. 

Ua\ iliyd', Uiyyd', Elias ; Jerusalem. 

(f*\) dm, i, inf. aim, aima4, ima-t, 
uyum, be without a husband or 



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1*1 



100 



o»t 



wife (single, divorced, widowed) ; 

— inp. iydm, drive out bees by 
smoke, to get at the honey ; — n. 
inf. ta'yim, cause to become 
widowed ; — iv. marry a widowed 
person ; — v. be deprived of a 
husband, &c. 

f*\ aim, im, serpent; — &\ (*i) 
aimu (vmu) *l4dh, by God ! — 
ayyim, pi. ayd'im, aydma, comm., 
without a husband or wife, 
widowed ; pi. uyum, a serpent ; 

— ayamm, a better foreman or 
Imam ; — S aima-t, widowhood ; 

— also ayimma-t, feudal estate, 
land held in tenure ; — aHmma-t, 
Imams, priests, <fcc., pi. of ft#\ 
imam. 

U^ imd', sign, hint ; signal ; sym- 
bol (Uj) ; — ayyu-md, f. U*\ 
ayyatu-md, whosoever, whatso- 
ever; who? what? 

jW\ i'mdr, order; increase, aug- 
mentation. 

t>W^ vmdd, glimmer, glitter ; 
glance; wink (u**j). 

oW) aimdrty f. aima, deprived of 
wife or husband, longing for 
(<J\ Ua) either ; — pi. of e>*-K 
yamin, right, right-hand side, 
&c. ; — imdn, creed, belief, reli- 
gion. 

&**\ aiman, f. yamnd\ pi. aydmin, 
aydmin, fortunate, propitious; 
secure ; right hand, right ; — 
aimun, pi. of (;>*♦* yamin, right, 
right hand, right side, &c. ; — 
ayyu-man, whoever. 

<jh\ aima, f. of qUi\ aimdn, see 
above. 

(($*t) a'an, an, i, inp. ain, happen 
at the proper time, be in time ; 
draw near ; be tired. 

<2#\ ain, the proper time ; fatigue, 
tiredness ; — in = (;>**• kin, time ; 
— a! in, quiet ; — ain-a, en, where ? 
whither? aJU* (^\j \i& &) en 
hazd wa-en hazdh, what differ- 



ence between this and that ; — S 
d'inat, pi. d'indt, easy, commo- 
dious ; — times, pi. of ety awdn. 

^ i'nd'y causing delay (^) ; — 
ind 9 , relaxing, tiring (n. and a.), 
weakening (Jj). 

*£>Uft Vnds, giving birth to a female. 

<j*\& i'nds, rendering familiar, so- 
ciable,. &c. (lt^). 

£^ ind', ripening (s.), inp. iv. of 

<JW ainuq, she-camels, pi. of &^ 
ndqa-t. 

&jIax&j>\ inhisdriyya-t, janissary. 

W*j>\ aina-md, wherever ; every- 
where. 

&l\ ih-a, ih-i, dh~in, well ! — ayya- 
hu, O ! O thou ! — ay yah, n., 
call out to (*r> hi). 

\&\ ayyuhd, ! thou ! — aih-an, 
be off with you ! — ih-an, be 
silent ! — ihd', rendering weak, 
lax, Ac. (vj*j). 

s^6^ 1Mb, gift; concession (s-**j). 

JV$ft i'hdl, welcoming, <&c. (J^). 

ffa\ ihdm, making believe or sup- 
pose ; ambiguity ; (m.) intimi- 
dation. 

0^e>\ aihdn, away with you ! — than, 
weakening, unnerving ((^5). 

(*&\ aiham, f. yahmd', stupid ; 
dumb ; brave ; smooth ; steep ; 
desert ; al-aihamdn, torrent and 
mad camel, danger from water 
and fire. 

\f\ i'wd', hospitality, shelter. 

q\)>\ iwdn, pi. iwdndt, awdnin, ayd- 
win, palace ; portico ; gallery ; 
saloon, hall ; balcony, belvedere. 

s^rt ayyub, Job ; — uyiib, setting of 
the sun (s^). 

jji\ uyilr, membra virilia, pi. of #\ 
air. 

f^\ aiwam, bright day, lit. more of 
a day than another, comp. of ^ 
yaum. 

(<JS)> ▼•» aft i^ayya, V^Vj ta'ayyd, 
remain ; proceed slowly ; — v., 
vi. walk straight up to (ace). 



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Google 



101 



*\* 



v5; as a numerical sign=2, ex- 
pressing also Monday as the 
second day of the week ; abbrevi- 
ation for the month of Bajafc ; — 
bi, inseparable preposition, with, 
by, at, in, to, towards; also de- 
noting the object of a transitive 
verb, as ** **>;/• marariu bi-hi, I 
met him, passed him ; used after 
\j\ izd, as : J*y Ut izd bi-rajul- 
in, behold, there was (or came) a 
man. 
W bd\ be', name of the letter s^ ; 
— bd', matrimonial intercourse ; 
wedlock ; — 8 bd'a-t, matrimonial 
intercourse ; night's lodging ; 
hotel ; wild-bee hives. 

(s^W) baby pi. abwdb, bibdn, abwi- 
ba~t, door ; s^V^ ***^ bdbu-'L 
abwdb-i, Darband (portae Cas- 
piae) ; s-»^^ s-»W bdbu-'l-mdn- 
dat-i,gate of tears, Babelmandel ; 
JU5\ %^>\) bdbu-'l-'dli, Sublime 
Porte ; — also 8 bdba-t, pi. bdbdt, 
chapter ; class ; species ; cate- 
gory ; object ; conjugation ; 
limit of a calculation ; at-abwdb, 
repentance (gate of heaven) ; 
bdbdt, verses, alineas. 

WW bdbd, pi. bdbdwdt, pope ; father, 
grandfather, eldest (m.) ; — 
ba'ba', knowing, conversant 
with. 

(WW) ba'ba 9 , inf. ba'ba'a-t, call 
father or consider as such ; — 
ii. run fast. 

v^WW bdbdriyy, black pepper. 

«4jWW bdbdvriyy, papal (m.). 

JtW bdbil, Babylon; — ^ bdbiliyy, 
Babylonian; enchanting; poison; 
*4 bdbiliyyat, wine (the two latter 
significations poetical). 

eyW bdbuj (\J*jiv bdbus), pi. bawd- 
bij, slipper (Pers.). 

u-yW bdbus, child, young of an 
animal, foal. 

»*yW bdbunaj, camomile (Pers.). 

J*tW bdbiyya-t, miraculous things. 



c^W bdtt, cutting, breaking, weak- 
ening ; foolish, drunk ; lean, 
thin ; completed, put into order. 

y W bdtir, cutting, sharp ; pi. bawdtir, 
sword. 

«^>W batik, cutting, sharp. 

)f W bdtur, pi. bawdtir, mat of rushes 
for silk-worms. 

/W bdsir, showing itself spontane- 
ously; envious. 

<J*W bdsiq, overflowing. 

(5W) ba'aj, a, inf. ba'j, turn, 
change ; cry out ; — n. cry out. 

gW ba'j, bdj, S , species ; manner, 
way, method ; — bdj 9 hest head of 
a flock; entrance custom, tri- 
bute (m. Pers.). 

v~*Xi bdjis, pi. bujjas, pouring in 
torrents. 

ii-^W bdhis, examiner. 

f*\) bdhir, stupid ; liar ; meddling ; 
perplexed. 

4&-W bdha-t, mass of water; depth 
of the sea ; gulf ; palm-grove ; 
pi. buh, passage ; courtyard. 

j^W bdhiir, hottest days of July ; 
month ; <4>J^W ^y yaum bdhuriyy, 
critical day ; \)^-W bdhurd', dog- 
days. 

u-^W bdhis, cunning ; malicious ; 
cheat. 

<J^W bdhiq, one-eyed ; blind. 

Ja-W bdhil, pi. buhhal, miserly, 
avaricious. 

SWW bdddt, desert. 

j»>W bddir, shining in full ; f . 8 , 
hastening, hurried ; bddira~t, pi. 
bawddir, first movement or im- 
pulse ; impetuosity ; sharpness 
of a sword. 

Sjp*>W bddaruj, basil. 

(jjS»>W bddaldn, oyster. 

(^W bddin, pi. budun, buddan, 
stout, corpulent ; old, aged. 

gW**>W bddinjdn, love-apple (Melon- 
gena). 

gAft*>W bddhanj (g^UW bdzdhanj), 
ventilator, chimney. 



Digitized by 



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^ 102 

G)VW bdduwdn, Bedouins (m.). 
<3*\* bddi (j\* bad-iii), pi. bddiin, 
budd-an, buddd, externally visi- 
ble, distinct ; living in the 
desert ; — bad?, who begins, sets 
to work first ; f . S bddi'a-t, first 
cause, reason; — £ bddiya-t, in- 
habitants of the desert ; nomads ; 
desert. 
*\* bdzz, old, ragged. 
&~ty bdziha-t, pi. bawdzih, very 

high mountains. 
J^ 6<mZ, liberal, generous. 
&**^ bdzana-t, recognition, sub- 
mission; knowledge, 
cs^ bdziyy, indecent speech, ri- 
baldry. 
0^) ba'ar, a, inp. ba'r, dig a well ; 
hide, conceal ; send good deeds 
before one's self, do good in 
secret ; — iv. inf. ib'dr, dig a 
well for another ; — viii. inf. 
ibti'dr, dig a well ; conceal. 
J* bar, the first emanation of the 
Divinity ; — bdrr, pi. abrdr, ba- 
rara-t, innocent, pious ; liberal, 
beneficent. 
©;W bdrij, a good sailor ; — S bdri- 
ja-t, man of war; pi. bawdrij, 
hotel, inn. 
CjW bdrih, pi. bawdrih, living in 
the plain ; turning the left side 
towards; hot wind; al-bdrih, I 
al-bdriha-t t jeBter&a,y; Jj!R &^LJ\ 
al-bdrihatu-'Vula, the day before 
yesterday. 
^ bdrid, cold, cooling, agreeable ; 
dull, slow; poor (wit, poetry); 
incontestable (right) ; safely 
placed (money) ; itfi S^t gani- 
ma-t bdrida-t, easy booty (ob- 
tained without bloodshed); pi. 
bawdrid, sharp sword. 
tf* bdriz, f. 3 , projecting; external; 

the pronominal affix of a verb. 
t>^ bdrid, first cotyledon. 
& bdri', I , exceedingly beautiful ; 
excelling in knowledge; excel- 
ling ; bdri'a-t, excellence, merit. 



U-N 



jft bdriq, f. bdriqa-t (pi. bdriqdt, 

bawdriq), shining, flashing. 
dj* bdrih, I , kneeling ; (m.) bless- 
ing;— I bdrika-t, pi. bawdrih, 
knee. 
C^j^ bdranj, cocoa-nut. 
*xfc A bdrud, powder; J^\ ^ 
bdrud abyad, nitre ; — S barUda-t, 
pi. bawdrid, gun (m) ; — h barti- 
diyya-t, powder-bag. 
«Jw^ bdruq, white lead. 
««W bdruh, timid, lazy. 
<4^ bdri 9 , bdri, creator, God ; pi. 
bird', healed ; — who planes, 
smoothes, Ac. ; — S bdri'ya-t, pi. 
bawdri, mat of bulrushes. 
fr ba'z, bdz, pi. bu'uz, bVzdn, bizdn, 

aVuz, buz'dn, falcon, hawk. 
$$* bdzdr, market, market-place, 
emporium; traffic; a bargain 
(Pers.). 
O^jW bdzdrgdn (<^jW bazirgdn), 

merchant (Pers.). 
^jW fcosriar, pi. bazddira-t, bdzdd- 

riyya-t, falconer (Pers.). 
Jj^ bdzil, experienced. 
<4)W 6aa%y, pi. buzdt, bawdzi, falcon, 

hawk. 
v*\) ba's, bos, courage, boldness; 
power, strength; calamity, ad- 
versity, misfortune ; damage ; 
punishment ; <j*k 3 Id bds, there 
is no harm in it. 
l~W bdsd', pain, sorrow; misfor- 
tune; poverty. 
^^-•W bdsdborf, passport (m.). 
ty-l* bUasri-H, the whole of it, and 

so on, <&c, see y*\ asr. 
Zj~\* bdsira-t, stern countenances. 
^ bdsift distant ; thirsting ; 
spreading; embracing; al-bdsif, 
God ; — S bdsifa-t, ell, cubit. 
i>-^ bdsiq, high ; — 3 bdeiqa-t, pi. 
bawdsiq, high palm-tree; white 
cloud ; danger ; a fruit. 
J~W &o*i/, pi. bud, buesal, buaaU\ 
having a stern countenance ; pi. 
bawdsU, lion; brave; terrible; 
strong, and, by opposition, in- 



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u*^ 



108 



sfr 



sipid (beverage) ; blunt, bluff ; 
sour milk. 

j*~^ bdsim, smiling. 

($~h basin, 8 , plough-share ; tool ; 
coarse sack. 

jy^i bdsiir, pi. bawdsir, emerods, 
piles. 

UkJ*-W bdsiliq, vena basilica. 

(v>W) ba'at, a, inf. ba'4, throw 
down unawares ; \>W U md 
ba'at, it is not forbidden; — 
in. seize and throw down, with- 
out resistance on the part of the 
assaulted. 

V.M* 6«i= t5 «» ^i bi-ayy-i iay-in, 
bi-ei, why ? in order that ; — bad, 
chief (Turk.); — bdM, friendly, 
amiable, smiling. 

l*W bdid, pi. bdidwdt, bdsdt, pasha 
(Turk.). 

j*b bdfir, propitious, auspicious ; 
prudent. 

<J*W bdHq, pi. bawds'iq, sparrow- 
hawk. 

j*h bdsir, who looks at ; sagacious ; 
intelligent; — 8 bdsira-t, sight, 
eye. 

g±W bddi', pi. bada'a-t, cutting, 
sharp; good; broker; pedlar; 
camel-dealer ; — 8 bddi'a-t, pi. 
bawddi', herd ; wound from which 
blood is dropping. 

\J>**k bddud, humidity. 

(tW) ba'at ; — v. lie on one's side ; 
be of a careless mind; not trouble 
about a matter. 

C^ bdfih, fallen on the face. 

Jl»W bdtil, pi. buful, vain, foolish ; 
useless ; false ; lie ; play : ^ 
J1»W zu bdtil, jester; devil; pi. 
batala-t, sorcerer. 

(^W bdtin, pi. bawdfin, inner, in- 
terior ; concealed, secret ; mysti- 
cal ; who penetrates the heart 
(God) ; pi. abfina-t, bufndn, 
lowlands ; fissures of the ground 
caused by water ; — h bd(iniyya-t, 
the Batanians or assassins. 

*tM* bd^iya-t, pi. bawdfi, deep dish ; 
vat. 

JV| bd% fathom (measure) ^ — 8 



bd'a-t, courtyard ; — sellers, Ac, 

pi. of & hd'i 1 . 
*±*&\* bdHs, who sends ; who causes ; 

author ; cause ; subject ; — 8 

bd'isa-t, pi. bawdHs, motive, 

reason ; charm ; — h bdHsiyya-t, 

causality. 
•^W bd'id, far, distant ; perishing ; 

contemptible. 
<J*^ bdHq, stream; waterspout; 

crash, peal. 
*4^W bd l ih, stupid. 
*±>f\* bd'iis, Easter-feast. 
£W bag, pi. bdgdt, garden (Pers.) ; 

— bdg-in, see ^W bdgi. 
C)W^* bdgbdn, gardener (Pers.). 
y&* bdgiz, ribald; swiftness; — h 

bdgiziyya-t, a coarse silk-stuff ; 

dress made of it. 
u^M* bdgid, who hates. 
J*±W bdgima-t, low and modest or 

tender talk. 
ut>j*^ bdgut, Easter. 
^\i bdgi (£W bdg-in), f. 8 bdgiya-t, 

pi. bugdt, bugydn, who seeks or 

desires passionately ; rebellious ; 

unjust; tyrant; bdgiya-t, adul- 
teress. 
GiW) ba'aq, inf. ba' uq, befall; — 

vii. befall suddenly. 
vjW bdq-in, see ^yW bdqi ; — 8 bdqa-t, 

pi. bdqdt, batch of flowers, nose- 
gay ; bouquet. 
jJlt bdqir, herd of cattle; rich in 

goods and pastures; great; pi. 

bawdqir, ox ; lion ; — 8 bdqira-t, 

sharp. 
g»W bdqi c , spotted like a tiger ; 

hyena ; — 8 bdqi'a-t, prudent, 

cautious; calamity. 
J*W bdqil, greengrocer ; name of a 

certain lazy blockhead. 
%i\i bdqila, <^iW bdqita, S^iVj bdqi- 

Idt, Egyptian bean. 
;j*W bdqur, 8 bdqura-t, herd of cattle; 

bdqura-t, cow. 
JjiW bdqul, pi. bawdqil, cup ; 

earthen inkstand (m.). 
ij\) bdqi (jW bdq-in), pi. bdqin, 

f. 8, pi. bdqiydt, who remains, 

survives ; remaining, lasting ; 



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*3\» 



104 



V*** 



eternal ; God ; al-bdqi, rest, 
balance of an account ; al-bdqi- 
ya-t, duratioD ; pi. remainders ; 
good actions. 

d\* bdh-in, see ^^ bdki. 

/W bdkir, early in the morning ; — 
8 bdkira-t, virgin ; bearing early 
fruit (palm-tree). 

)f\* bdkur, first spring shower; f. 
8, premature. 

^\* bdki (csil* bdk-in), pi. bukdt, 
bukiyy, f. 8 bdkiya-t, pi. bawdki, 
weeping, lamenting ; bdkiya-t, 
female mourner. 

J^ bdl, heart, mind ; attention ; 
solicitude ; — bdl-in, see J^ ball, 
mouldering ; shabby garb ; — 8 
bdla-t, bale ; perfume-bag ; scent- 
bottle ; grief, sorrow ; whale ; 
— bdlla-t, humidity ; drop ; ad- 
vantage. 

C*W bdlih, dry, bare. 

^ bdlid, inhabitant of the country 
or town. 

£ty bdlig, who reaches, penetrates ; 
f . 8 , of age ; having attained to 
puberty; excellent. 

f^W bdW, wide open, gaping 
abyss; — 8 bdhVa-t, pi. bawdli', 
sink, sewer, cloaca. 

J^W bdlul, a little water ; drop. 

Jl» ball (JW bdl-in), worn-out 
(clothes). 

(oW) ban, 8, the Egyptian willow ; 
y lJ\ s-o- habbu-l-bdn-i, nutmeg. 

q\) bdn-in, ^W bdni, f. bdniya-t, 
pi. bunndt, bawdni, who builds, 
founds ; architect ; composer ; 
author ; — bdniyy, straight and 
slender (like the willow-tree). 

(»W) ba'ah, inf. ba y h, notice, com- 
prehend quickly (J li, s-» bi). 

5^ bdh, sexual intercourse ; — bdh-in, 
see ^W bdhi. 

cs^aVj bdhit, liar; slanderer; (m.) 
languid, pale; astonished, per- 
plexed. 

y&V* bdhir, 8, handsome; shining; 
admirable ; clear, distinct ; bdhi- 
rat, ships. 

kftVt b&hiz, oppressive, difficult ; 



important ; al-bdhiz, calamity ; 8 

bdhiza-t, adversity. 
£*>\* bdhig, sleeping, sleepy. 
Ja^ bdhil, pi. buhl, buhhal, free; 

at leisure ; idler ; bdhil, and 8 

bdhila-t, unmarried woman. 
p*h bdhim, pi. bawdhim, thumb; 

big toe (m.). 
^5*W bdhi (a\* bdh-in) ; f . 8 , empty ; 

having a wide cavity ; — bdhiyy, 

aphrodisiac. 
GW , <J*) &a'<?, A, it, inf. ba* w, 

ba'wd', rise high and exert one's 

self in running (camel) ; surpass 

in glory ; glory, boast. 
jW ba'w, glory, pride. 
^W 6ai=*s*j % (Turk.), Bey, 

prince, chief. 
«^W fca'ft, passing the night ; a 

night old ; of yesterday ; stale. 
£^fy bd'ija-t, pi. bawd'ij, misfor- 
tune. 
C?W bd'ih, who promulgates a secret; 

(m.) traitor; shameless. 
£fy fca't'A, tired. 
*^W M'ld, perishable. 
(j^i bd'i8, poor, miserable, 
t/fy bd'id, laying eggs. 
g»W fea'i*, pi. bd'a-t, seller; in- 
former; traitor; a woman who 

has many suitors (pi. also 

bdwd'i'). 
<jS\i bd'iq, of little value ; — 8 

bd'iqa-t, pi. bawd'iq, misfortune, 

calamity ; wrong. 
«fiUaW bailih, government ; fisc 

(Turk.), 
fcjft* bd'in, 8, distinct, evident, 

notorious ; f . a divorced woman ; 

f. pi. bawd'in, proof by four 

witnesses. 
£*4^ bdyiya-t, Palm-feast, 
sw babb, sort, kind ; — 8 babba-t, 

saying "papa," prattle of chil- 
dren. 
fc>W babdn, babbdn, kind ; manner ; 

way of living. 
U*j babagd', babbagd', babgd', 8U^ 

babagdt, JU^ babagdl, parrot ; 

nightingale, 
(cw) batt, u, i, inf. batt 9 cut, lop ; 



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105 



d* 



be cut or lopped ; perform, ac- 
complish ; decide ; over-drive an 
animal and be unable to com- 
plete one's journey ; — inf. 
batta-t, batdt, divorce a wife for 
once and all; — inf. batilt, grow 
thin ; make and sell the head- 
dress v»*t batt ; — cut off ; per- 
form quickly, despatch ; provide 
with provender ; — iv. cut off ; 
complete ; — v. get provided with 
provender; furnish a house to 
live in ; — vii. be cut off, decided, 
finished ; grow impotent. 

<**? batt, pi. butnt, bitdt, a coarse 
piece of dress to cover the 
head ; hood, wrapper ; rope ; 
(m.) skein ; — 2 bita-t, stay, 
remaining, inf. of («Wj) ; — 
batta-t, cut, separation ; battaU 
an, al-batta-t, &x? &* battaUan 
batlaUan, irrevocably ; (m.) not 
at all. 

(W) bata\ inf. bat\ remain, stay. 

*aAs* batdt, pi. abitta-t, travelling 
requisites; supplies; household 
things, furniture ; outfit ; hood ; 
anything separated from a 
whole ; divorce ; performance ; 
batdt-an, irrevocably ; — battdt, 
maker and seller of the head- 
dress batt ; — ^ batdti, small 
casks, pi. of As-s* batiyya-t. 

jVs* battdr, butdr, sharp. 

£W bald' (Eg.)=gV*» matd', goods, 
property ; followed by pronomi- 
nal affixes it is used as a posses- 
sive adjective, f. batd'a-t, pi. 
butiV. 

**)U* battdk, sharp. 

JJU* batd'U, palm-shoots, Ac, pi. 
of &*s* batila-t. 

(/$) batar, u, inf. batr, maim, 
curtail ; cut off ; outroot ; — 
batir, a, inf. batar, have lost 
the tail ; be childless, useless ; 
— ii. annihilate ; — iv. curtail ; 
deprive of posterity ; give, and, 
by opposition, refuse; perform 
the morning prayer only at 



sunrise ; — viii. be cut off, 
lopped ; run. 

\fi batnV, Mahomet's coat of mail. 

By* batra~t, she-ass. 

(C*0 bata', i, inf. bat 6 , prepare the 
wine gs* bit 1 ; inf. butu', remove 
to a distance ; be cut off, sepa- 
rated ; — batt 1 , a, inf. bata 1 , 
have a long neck, strong limbs ; 
follow one's head ; — vn. be cut 
off, separated. 

gs* bit 1 , bita', strong wine, mead ; 

— but', pi. of &)\ abta', whole, 
all. 

Us* bat'd', f. of qx)\ abta', whole, 

all ; strong of joints. 
(isUt) batak, i, u, inf. bath, cut, 

cut off ; seize and draw towards 

one's self, offer violence; — n. 

cut ; — v., vii. be cut, cut off ; 

— 8 bitka-t, batka-t, pi. bitak, 
part, piece, portion ; night. 

(J*) batal, u, inf. bail, cut off; 
separate, sever ; — n. cut off ; 
separate from (^ 'an); devote 
one's self entirely to (J li) ; — 
iv. sever ; — v., vii. be sepa- 
rated, severed; — v. devote one's 
self entirely to God ; — x. be 
severed. 

Jsj batl, S , things separated ; sepa- 
ration. 

(y*) batd, u, inf. batw, remain, 
stay. 

*a>js* batilt, inf. of («w) ; — butut, 
pi. of <^ batt, q.v. 

£}** batd 1 , pi/ of gU> batd 9 , q.v. 

dft batiik, sharp. 

Jj£* batid ( J<~* batU), virgin ; nun ; 
vestal ; al-butul, aUbutula-t, the 
Holy Virgin ; Fatimah ; palm- 
shoot ; — h batMiyya-t, virginity. 

^ batiyy, table-cloth; towel ;= 
«As* battdt, maker and seller of 
hoods ; — S battiyya-t, pi. batdti, 
small cask (m). 

S\^*l balaira-t, sun. 

&<& batila-t, pi. batd f il, palm- 
shoot ; fleshy limb ; buttock ; 
nun. 

14 



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Google 



106 



v~? 



(*^») bass, i, u, inf. bass, disperse, 
blow away; publish; communi- 
cate, impart, bestow; spread a 
doctrine ; — n. disperse ; spread 
about, publish ; — in., iv. im- 
part a secret to (ace.) ; — vi. 
impart secrets to each other; 

— vii. be dispersed, dissolved, 
published ; — vin. demand in- 
formation. 

t±~t bass, things spread about, 
dispersed ; publication ; state, 
condition ; need ; grief, sorrow ; 

— S bisa-t, pi. ^ bisa, ashes. 
*±A£j bisds, communication (of a 

secret). 

(jUj) J^\ ibsa'arr, inf. ibsirdr, leap. 

(e~-£*) basbas, inf. basbasa-t, raise 
dust ; spread about news. 

(^?) basar, basur, u, inf. basr, 
basar, busur, get covered with 
pustules ; — v. same meaning. 

;** basr, much, and, by opposition, 
little ; — basir, covered with 
pustules; — S, pi. busur, pustule, 
efflorescence 

(le£*) basif, a, inf. basaf, swell. 

(£*0 basi\ a, inf. basa 1 , bust?, be 
full, curl (lips). 

(f*() f**\ ibsa l ar=J&t\ ibsa'ar, q.v. 
under 0^0 . 

(<J*0 basaq, u, inf. basq, basaq, 
tabsdk, overflow and break the 
banks ; overflow with tears ; — 
inf. busuq, be brimful ; — n. 
break the banks ; — vn. break 
forth ; inveigh against ( { J* 
*ala) ; proceed from the father 
and the son (m.). 

<j£* basq, bisq, pi. busuq, place 
where the water breaks through. 

aU* busla-t, celebrity. 

<j*i busun, pi. gardens ; — bisan, 
soft sand ; — S basna-t, soft 
level ground; fine woman with 
a soft skin ; butter ; best wheat ; 
abundance of wealth ; Bethania ; 
— bisna-t, pi. bisan, soft level 
ground. 

(yt>) basd, u, inf. basw, sweat, 
perspire. 



;*** basir, much, many ; covered 
with pustules. 

(e0 tyj, u, inf. bajj, prick open 
(a tumour) ; pierce ; fatten ; 
conquer ; — vin. almost burst 
with fat. 

C» bujj, a young bird. 

gW: bujdj, stout, fat; — 3 bujdja-t, 
contemptible fellow. 

*>W*. bajdd, pi. bujud, a striped upper 
garment. 

(•jW*. bajdrim, pi. calamities. 

t^W*. bajdriyy, calamities, pi. of 
^fr. bujriyy. 

JW: bajdl, bajjdl, stately old man, 
prince; — & bajdla-t, tall hand- 
some woman. 

i)\*r. bujdwa-t, Nubia. 

$W. bajbdj, 8 , fat man with shak- 
ing flesh; fool; babbler; heap 
of sand. 

(fc*^-) bajbaj ; — n. inf. tabajbuj, be 
fat and loose ; (m.) be swollen 
(in the face) ; — S bajbaja-t, 
lullaby. 

(c^O & fl i#» A » INF - b a J a $> rejoice 
(n.) ; — ii. rejoice (a.) ; — v. 
rejoice (n.) ; be delighted. 

£r. bajah, joy ; high rank, dignity. 

(j*f.) bajad, I, bujud, remain, stay ; 
remain on the pasture ; — n. 
same meanings. 

•*r. bajd, troop of people, of horses 
(100 and more) ; — bujud, striped 
upper garments, pi. of *>W: bijdd ; 
— 8 bajda-t, root, origin ; essence 
of a thing ; desert ; — bajda-t, 
bujda-t, bujuda-t, deep and solid 
knowledge ; skill ; who adheres 
to his word. 

(/r.) bajir, a, inf. bajar, be af- 
flicted with a rupture of the 
navel ; have a big belly ; be full 
of water or milk without being 
satiated ; be tired of a thing 
and desist from it (^ l an) ; — v. 
indulge in wine ; — xi. desist ; — 
S bujra-t, pi. bujar, navel ; — 
bujriyy, bujriyya-t, pi. bajdriyy, 
misfortune, calamity. 

(u*-) bajas, i, u, inf. bajs, open 



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U*r. 



107 



a wound and let flow out the 
water; gush forth ; — inf. bujih, 
scold ; — ii. make the water 
flow ; — v., vii. break through ; 
flow out ; gush forth. 
u**r. beys, running water; — bujs, 

bujjas, raining cloud, 
(ffr.) baja', A, inf. baj 1 , cut off, 

lop. 
&r baja', pelican ; swan. 
( J*r.) bajal, inf. bajl, bujul, be in 
easy circumstances, good con- 
dition ; — bajil, a, inf. bajal, 
same meaning ; — bajul, inf. 
bajdla-t f bujul, be great and 
respected ; — n. honour and 
praise; applaud; say it is 
enough for you; — iv. be suffi- 
cient for (ace). 
Jt; bajal, indeed ! verily ! yes ! *$ 
J^. it is enough now ! that will 
do ! Jsp j%> z u bajal, a dispirited 
man without ambition ; — bajal, 
bujal, bujul, great calumny ; lie ; 
anything wonderful; — I bajla-t, 
small tree ; of graceful figure. 
(f*r.) bajam, i, inf. bajm, bujum, 
be silent ; hesitate ; contract 
(u.) ; — ii. hesitate ; contract ; 
give a sharp look. 
(e=p.) ii. bajjan, impress (upon the 

mind). 
ffr. bajwam, full of water. 
j&r. bajir, a great many, very nu- 
merous. 
v~*r. bajis, overflowing. 
J**r. bajil, respected old man ; 
honoured ; leader ; prince ; big, 
stout, coarse, rude. 
(cO bahh, a, inf. bahh, bahah, 
bahdh, buhfih, bahuha-t, buhuha-t, 
be hoarse ; — say " pooh ! pooh ! " 
— ii., iv. render hoarse ; — vn. 
be hoarse (m.) ; — viii. have 
plenty and above. 
C* buhh, pi. of g\ abahh, hoarse, 
&c. ; gold coins ; gross timber ; 
— S bahha-t, woman with a rough 
voice ; — buhha-t, hoarseness. 
\e* bahhtC, f. of £*\ abahh, hoarse, 
<fec, hill in the desert. 



&\&\ bahdbih, middles of houses, 
courtyards, &c, pi. of &»j*b? 
bahbuha-t, 
^>^. bihds, disquisition ; disputa- 
tion ; — bahhds, disputant. 
C^. buhdh, hoarseness. 
;^. bihdr, seas, &c, pi. of f* bahr ; 
— lands, countries, <fec, pi. of 
Zy*: bahra-t ; — bahhdr, pi. 8 bahhd- 
ra-t, mariner. 
(^4)^. bahdrin, days of crisis, &c, 

pi. of (^f^. bahr an. 
tW 86 : bahbdh, as long as broad ; — 
bahbdh'i, what a pity ! — S bah- 
bdha-t, shrew, 
(e*^-) bahbah, inf. bahbaha-t, abide 
in a place ; (m.) give abundantly; 
enrich ; — n. inf. tabahbuh, abide 
in a place ; be in the middle of 
the premises ; (m.) live in abun- 
dance ; — £ bahbaha-t, crowd, 
troop ; — 1£ bahbahiyy, living in 
plenty and happiness. 
(u 5 ****.) bahbas, inf. bahbaiat, gather 

together, assemble (n.). 
Zy**: buhbuh, root ; middle ; ker- 
nel ; marrow ; — 5 buhbuha-t, pi. 
bahdbih, middle of the house; 
courtyard; open square; (m.) 
middle, centre. 
jpBr bahbur, young bustard. 



(osc.) bahut, inf. bahuta-t, be pure 
and unmixed ; — in. inf. mubd- 
hata-t, love with pure and sincere 
affection ; be open with (ace.) ; 
give unmixed food to the 
cattle. 

«**: baht, S, pure, unmixed, un- 
alloyed. 

jss*. buhtur, short and stout ; great ; 

— tj buhturiyy, same meaning. 
(*±^.) bahas, a, inf. bahs, seek; 

inquire; examine, try, discuss; 

— in. inf. mubdhasa-t, examine ; 
discuss ; dispute ; — v., vn., viii., 
x. seek for, inquire, investigate ; 

— vi. try to fathom (^ fi or ^ 
*a»). 

*±<*\ bahs, pi. abhds, examination ; 
discussion; disputation; contro- 



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108 



versy ; pi. buhus, mine ; a large 
snake ; wager, bet. 

(j^) bahsar, inf. bahsara-t, pick 
out and separate ; take out and 
uncover ; examine ; separate 
(milk) from the butter (n.) ; 
disperse ; squander ; — n. inf. 
tabaJisur, be picked out and 
separated ; — 8 bahsara-t, dissi- 
pation. 

({£*■*•) bahsan, inf. bahsana-t, be 
lazy, negligent. 

C 06 : bahah, hoarseness. 

tj,)**'. buhduriyy, badly fed and not 
growing. 

(J** 6 *.) bahdal, inf. bahdala-t, hav- 
ing a crooked shoulder; walk 
fast ; — 8 bahdala-t, swiftness. 

(/**) bahar, inf. bahr, split wide 
— bahir, a, inf. bahar, be con 
fused, perplexed (with fear) 
be overjoyed ; be very thirsty 
waste in flesh ; — iv. go to sea 
find the water salt ; be con 
sumptive ; meet accidentally 
have a red nose; have many 
pools of stagnating water; — 
v., x. swim in riches, know- 
ledge, Ac, as in a sea ; meditate 
profoundly ; travel towards the 
sea ; — x. be large as a sea ; 
walk about ; have full com- 
mand of the language. 

f&, bahr, pi. abhur, bahur, bihdr, 
sea; Jo^i*^ j^ttt al-bahru-'l-mu- 
hit-u, Pacific ; «t>UitH ^ bahru- 
'z-zuhndt-i, Atlantic; ^Ux*^^^ 
al - bahru - 'I - wasfdniyyu ( U « y i»3\ 
'l-mutawassit-u), py)\ f^. bahru- 
'l-rum-i, (>^\ «J£\ al-bahru-'l- 
abyad-u, the Mediterranean; — 
u~^* f*. bahr bonfue, 4f*$\ j&J\ 
al-bahru-'l-asivad, the Black Sea ; 
j$*i\ f^, bahru- l-hazar-i, the Cas- 
pian Sea ; ($&\ f& bahru- 1- 
qulzum, (j-8^- f^, bahr suwais, 
y*»y\ j^\ al-bahru-l-ahmar-u, 
the Bed Sea ; large river 
(Nile) ; title of large works ; 
liberal man; generous; wide- 
stepping horse ; metre ; split ; 



— bahar, consumption ; con- 
fusion, <fec, see (f*i) ; — bahir, 
confused, frightened ; very 
thirsty ; consumptive ; — 8 bah- 
ra-t, pi. buhr, bihdr, land, district ; 
low-lands ; park ; place or town 
with water ; Medina ; pond, 
basin. 

O^f*. bahrdn, the Bahrein Islands ; 

— buhrdn, pi. bahdrin, critical 
day ; delirium ; — ^ buhrdniyy, 
pure and red (blood); foolish, 
mad. 

(c^O bahran, inf. bahrana-t, have 
a crisis ; be delirious. 

iSfr. bahriyy, referring or belonging 
to the sea ; sea-green ; from 
Bahrein ; — 8 bahriyy a- t, mari- 
ners, sailors ; ship. 

i&f*. bahrain, the two seas, the 
White and Black, Mediterra- 
nean and Euxine; the Bahrein 
Islands. 

(-f*) bahaz, A, inf. bahz, box the 
ears. 

ty*: bahzaj, calf ; foal of a camel ; 
dwarf ; short and stout. 

(lt 8 * 1 .) for (<^«*:), dig and search 
the ground. 

J=^. bahl, violent impulse. 

(cr^.) ii. tabahla*, have the hands 
empty, have nothing to do. 

Usr.. bahnd\ large basket for dates ; 
large village or camp. 

&Us=; bahndna-t, large spark ; large 
basket for dates. 

&f*. buhuta-t, purity, &c, see 

(v£^). 

*&>f**. bahhus, mighty disputant ; 
the Sura hf tauba-t of the 
Qur'dn ; — buhus, pi. of *±^. 
bahs, mine, <fec. 

&*.f*\ buhuha-t, hoarseness, &c, see 

(eO- ' ' 

jf*\ bahur, wide-stepping courser; 

— buhur, seas, &c, pi. of /*». 
bahr. 

Gjbp), iv. inf. W$ ibhd', give way, 
refuse further service (beast of 
burden). 

£t*r. bahih, greedy. 



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j&*\ bahir, consumptive ; — 8 buhai- 
ra-t, small lake ; Medina. 

6* & bak-in bah-in ! bah-i bah-i ! 
bah bah ! well done ! bravo ! — 
bahh, high-minded ; prince. 

(&) inhht u, inf. bahh, be im- 
portant ; calm down (from 
anger) ; snore ; (m.) sprinkle 
tobacco with water ; drizzle. 

}\&. buhdr, pi. abhira-t, buhilr, 
vapour, steam ; smoke ; fog ; 
bad smell ; foul breath ; miasma ; 
fever ; — ^ buhdriyy, from Bo- 
khara; fumi gator. 

ty*». buhdrd', Bokhara. 

t^r**^ buhdsU, presents, pi. of 
(jk g & fo bahsiJ. 

Aete 1 . bahd l a-t, submission, &c, inf. 

of (e*0, q.v. 

vjW. bufydq, wolf. 

JV^. bahhdl, great miser. 

&\&. bahdnid, fine women, pi. of 
S\ju^. bahanddt. 

(£*^.) bahbah, inf. bahbaha-t, call 
out bah bah, well done ! bravo ! 
rejoice ; be satisfied, pleased ; 
cry out (camel) ; grow cool ; 
resound ; snore ; subside (anger, 
&c.) ; — ii. same meanings ; rest ; 
(m.) drizzle. 

&*-}*&. buhbuha-t, drizzling rain. 

(vs^p) bahat, inf. bafit, beat ; pass, 
be desponding. 

&&. baht, destiny, fortune, luck, 
especially good luck; *>^ va^ 
baht aswad, bad luck, misfor- 
tune ; — buht, Bactrian camel ; 
y* o«p buht Nasar, Nabuchodo- 
nossor. 

£**>. buhtaj, pi. bafidtij, cooked, 
boiled" (Pers.). 

(y^.) babtar, i. and n. have a 
graceful gait, balance in walk- 
ing, walk wantonly, swagger; 
ii. grow proud ; — 3 bahtara-t, 
graceful gait ; — ^ bafytariyy, 
and — 

jtr&>. bihtir, having a graceful gait. 

(y^>.) bahsar, inf. bahsara-t, sepa- 
rate, disperse ; — v. be separated, 



disperse (n.) ; — 8 bahsara-t, 
stain. 

(tf^.)=(^.)> q.v. 

0J^. bahdan, delicate girl. 

(j&) bahar, u, inf. bahr, steam ; — 
bahir, a, inf. bahar, stink, have 
a bad smell, foul breath ; n. 
fumigate ; smoke ; perfume ; — 
iv. cause the breath to be foul ; 

— v. perfume one's self, be 
perfumed. 

f&. bahar, stench, foul breath ; — 
bahir, strong smell. 

(y&) bahaz, inf. bahz, gouge an 
eye. 

(u-^.) bahas, a, inf. bahs, diminish ; 
injure ; wrong ; — n., v. waste 
away; — vi. deceive and injure 
each other. 

ij~&. bafts, excessive taxes or tri- 
bute ; defect, injury ; defective 
measure, low price ; the gouging 
of an eye. 

(u^.) bahs, make a hole, pierce; 

— ii. give a gratuity (m.) ; — 8 
buh^a-t, pi. buhus, abhds, hole. 

ij~3"&. bahsas, give a gratuity (m.). 

(J^A^. bahsis, pi. baMSU, (m.) 
gratuity, present, bribe; pin- 
money (Pers.). 

(<j*^.) bahas, a, inf. bahs, gouge ; 

— v. stare at with wonder. 
(C*0 baha', inf. bah', cut the 

throat ; commit suicide from 
despair; dig a well until water 
comes ; give sincere advice ; 
carry on with zeal ; believe the 
news; (m.) blame publicly; — 
bahi', inf. buhiV, bahd l a-t, sub- 
mit to (J li), plead guilty ; — * 
bah'a-t, public blame ; shame, 
putting to shame. 

(<3*0 bahaq, blind a person of one 
eye ; — bahaq, u, bahiq, a, grow 
blind ; — iv. knock out an eye. 

j^. bafyuq, kerchief. 

(J^-) babul, inf. buhl, bahal, be 
miserly, avaricious ; — n. re- 
proach with avarice; — iv. find 
miserly. 

J^ t bahal, very miserly ; — buhul, 



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pl. of Jtf*=: bahil, miserly ; — buhl, 
huh til, bahl, bahal, avarice ; — 
buhhal, pl. of J*A) bdhil, miserly. 

^. buhald 9 , pl. of J*<^. fcaAiZ, 
miserly. 

(*&. bahm, any plant without a 
stalk. 

(c^.) taAn, tall, long; — (^\ ifc- 
#a?m, inf. ($U*^ ibhindn, sleep ; 
take an upright position ; — 
ibhdnn, ibha 9 ann, inf. ibhindn, 
ibhi'ndn, die. 

S\ju3p bakandd-t, ^aa^ bahandd, 
pl. bahdnid, well-made woman 
with delicate knuckles ; — ib- 
handa, be such. 

<3-^. buhnaa (iaX^ buhnak), ker- 
chief, veil ; snail-shell. 

(y^.) &a#a, inf. bahw, subside, 
calm down. 

y&. bahw, bad date ; soft. 

)f*\ bahur, pl. bahurdt, scent, per- 
fume ; fragrant wood for fumi- 
gation. 

JySf*. fruMZ, avarice. 

c^*: 5a##, fortunate, happy, 
lucky. 

<j^. feaAi^, one-eyed, blind. 

J-*: fraAiZ, pl. buhul, buhald 9 , 
miserly, avaricious. 

(jki) j* j* bad bad, well done! 
bravo ! — badd, fatigue, tired- 
ness ; — bidd, similar, equal ; — 
budd, pl. bidada-t, abddd, idol ; 
separation; part, portion ; equiva- 
lent ; flight, escape ; ^ •** $ Id 
budd min, there is no help from, 
one must; Id budd, by all 
means, necessarily ; — bad 9 , pl. 
y* budu 9 , abdd 9 , beginning ; 
master ; pl. ^ budiV, abdd 9 , 
first portion of a slaughtered 
camel ; new well ; — S bidda-t, 
budda-t, power; pl. bidad, budad, 
portion, share ; — budda-t, ex- 
treme. 

(o*) badd, u, inf. badd, separate; 
remove, keep separate; injure; 
place a cloth under the saddle ; 
— ii. separate, disperse ; (m.) 
squander ; be drowsy with 



fatigue ; — in. inf. biddd, mu- 
bddda-t, exchange goods ; — iv. 
distribute ; stretch the hand 
towards the ground; — v. sepa- 
rate (n.) ; get separated, dis- 
persed ; distribute between each 
other ; cover entirely ; — vi. 
fight man to man; take as an 
equal ; — vin. two attack one 
on both sides ; two children 
suck one mother ; — x. treat a 
thing by or claim it for one's 
self ; usurp ; follow one's own 
head. 

(to) badd 9 , a, inf. ^ bad 9 , begin, 
commence ; do a thing the first ; 
bring the first news ; emigrate ; 
pass, get the small-pox ; — n. 
(m.) accept for a novice (in a 
convent) ; do one thing before 
( { J& *ala) another ; — iv. make 
a beginning ; be the first to 
do ; create ; emigrate ; — v. 
begin ; — vin. begin ; do first 
before anything else ; (m.) be 
a novice. 

to bad-an, first ; before all ; — 
buddd, inhabitants of the desert, 
&c, pl. of ^$^ bddi ; — S bad 9 a-t, 
a mushroom ; first portion of a 
slaughtered camel ; portion ; — 
bad'a-t, bid*a-t, bud f a-t, begin- 
ning ; — bud'a-t, prince ; — badd- 
9 a-t, budd 9 a-t, beginning ; any- 
thing unexpected ; done or said 
ex tempore. 

cto baddh, pl. buduh, extensive 
and good land ; — biddh, plains, 
pl. of t*** bidh. 

*>^ baddd, challenge for combat ; 
— biddd, saddle-cloth ; — exchan ge 
of goods, inf. in. of (^) ; — 
biddd, baddd, portion, share ; 
contribution ; comrades. 

jto biddr, inf. hi. of ^ , q.v. ; — 
biddr-an, baddr-i, make haste ! 
look sharp ! be quick ! 

Jto biddl, exchange, in. of (J^) ; 
— badddl, dealer in victuals. 

gto baddn, S baddna-t, corpulence. 



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&a\<s* baddha-t, buddha-t, pi. badd'ih, 
beginning; anything unexpected ; 
improvisation; readiness. 

5jW baddwa-t, first appearance ; 
beginning ; a mushroom ; — 
baddwa-t, biddwa-t, desert life ; 

— pi. baddwdt, efforts. 

c5j^ baddwiyy, biddwiyy, referring 
to the desert ; inhabitant of the 
desert. 

«*ft^ badd'id, saddle-cloths, pi. of 
^ biddd. 

gH^ badd'i', new things, <&c, pi. of 
&*?.•** badi'a-t. 

Aft^ badd'ih, unheard-of things, pi. 
of &b\*) baddha-t. 

h\*> baddya-t=*)\<±* baddwa-t, q.v. 

(t»*0 badah, inf. badh, cut down, 
fell ; cleave ; beat ; do or say 
ex tempore, improvise ; commu- 
nicate a secret (s-> bi) ; not be 
able to carry the burden ; press 
upon, be hard upon; have an 
affected walk ; — v. have an af- 
fected walk ; — vi. throw at each 
other anything not hard. 

fM bidh, pi. biddh, plain, spacious 
place, square ; — buduh, extensive 
and good lands, pi. of cW baddh; 

— Wj* badah-an (adv.), openly, 
distinctly ; — 8 badha-t, court- 
yard. 

(6*0 badah, badih, badtify, inf. 
badh, baddha-t, be in a high 
position ; (m.) be proud ; 
squander ; — v. boast, be proud. 

t*t badh, pride ; (m.) dissipation. 

U.J* budahd', pi. of £>a» badih, 
eminent, Ac. 

*>j* badad, need, want ; exchange ; 
power, ability ; badad-an, singly, 
dispersedly ; by way of ex- 
change ; — bidad, portions, pi. 
of *•** bidda-t; bidad-an, in 
portions; — 8 bidada-t, idols, <fec, 
pi. of •** budd. 

0**0 badar, u, inf. badiir, badr, 
come quickly or unexpectedly 
upon (Jj\ ila) ; surprise ; break 
forth suddenly ; — in. inf. mu- 
bddara-t, biddr, hasten; over- 



take, anticipate; break forth 
suddenly ; improvise ; — iv. rise 
over one and light his journey 
(sun, moon) ; administer with 
full powers (guardian the for- 
tune of a ward) ; — vi. hasten 
together, hasten up ( ^J\ ila) ; — 
viii. hasten ; surprise ; overtake, 
anticipate. 

j^ badr, perfect state or condition ; 
pi. buditr, full moon ; disc ; ma- 
ture youth ; prince ; — 8 badra-t, 
pi. bidar, full, fresh eye ; a weight 
(20 ra(l) ; pi. budur, bidar, milk- 
bucket of lamb's skin. 

(Jb**0 badraq, inf. badraqa-t, waste, 
squander ; v. be squandered. 

<4;^ badriyy, rain before winter 
time ; fat ; partaker in the 
battle of Badr. 

(£*») bada', inf. bad 1 , produce, 
originate, begin ; dig a well 
till water comes ; — badi 1 , A, 
inf. bada 1 , grow fat ; — badu', 
inf. badd l a-t, budu'a-t, be per- 
fect, incomparable ; — n. impute 
a new invention, an innovation, 
a heresy to (ace.) anybody ; 
(m.) do anything extraordinary ; 
— iv. be the first to do a thing ; 
be original (poet) ; cause a 
heresy ; excel in doing a thing ; 
leave in the lurch, abandon in 
need ; — ubdi 1 , his camel has 
become disabled; — v. turn to- 
wards new things; — viii. pro- 
duce new things ; — x. consider 
as new. 

£J* badi*, new ; — bid*, new, origi- 
nal ; invention ; eminent man ; 
fleshy body ; pi. abdd 1 , budu 1 , 
wonderful, incomparable ; — 
bud 1 , pi. of £>»*? badi, 1 , wonderful, 
&c. ; — 8 bid'a-t, pi. bida 1 , any- 
thing new, innovation, heresy, 
schism ; oppression ; pig ; bida 1 , 
pi. incomparable women. 

^sc^j bid ( atiyy, tyrant ; heretic. 

^cj* bid'iyy, heretical. 

(&*0 badig, a, inf. badag, pollute 



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one's self with a crime ; inf. 
badg, crack nuts and almonds. 
£•** badg, shells of nuts or almonds ; 

— badig, polluted ; pi. badig tin, 
fat, strong. 

(J«*0 badal, u, inf. badl, change, 
exchange, interchange; mistake 
one thing for another ; — badil, 
a, inf. badal, have pains in the 
hands and joints; — n. take or 
give in exchange; change; in- 
vert ; do one thing instead of 
another; — in. inf. mubddala-t 
biddl, give in exchange; — iv. 
take in exchange ; change against 
(s-» bi) ; place a word in apposi- 
tion ; — v. accept in exchange ; 
get exchanged, mistaken, al- 
tered; (m.) alternate, relieve 
one another; change dress; — 
have pains in the hands or 
joints ; wander ; — vi. inter- 
change ; — vn. be interchanged ; 

— x. demand an exchange ; ac- 
cept in exchange. 

J**t badal, bidl f pi. abddl, compen- 
sation ; substitution ; equiva- 
lent ; exchange ; apposition ; 
requital ; generous, magnani- 
mous ; J^ *-*)f- harufu-U 
badal-i, letters which are inter- 
changed ; — badal, gout in the 
hand ; — badil, gouty ; — S bad- 
la-t, (m.) complete suit of 
clothes ; vestment ; — bidla-t, 
change of dress. 

Sj* budala, substitutes, pi. of J**** 
bad 11. 

(o^) badan, u, inf. badn, budn, 

— badun, inf. badn, badan, 
baddna-t, grow corpulent, fat ; 

— n. grow old and weak ; be 
very rich; clothe one with a 
coat of mail. 

0)±i badan, pi. abddn, body, trunk ; 
member ; entrenchment, ram- 
part, wall ; short coat of mail ; 
relationship, race, family ; dig- 
nity ; pi. abdun, old mountain 
goat; a lady's belt; pi. budun, 
old ; — badin, old ; stout, fat ; 



— budun and buddan, pi. of 
(£**** , q.v. ; — S badana-t, pi. 
budun, animal to be sacrificed 
in Mecca according to a vow; 

— ^ badaniyy, bodily ; corpu- 
lent ; — h badaniyy a-t, corpu- 
lence. 

(5^) badah, a, inf. badh, come 
unexpectedly, surprise ; answer 
or speak ex tempore ; — in. 
inf. mubddaha-t, come unex*. 
pectedly; — vi. practise impro- 
visation together ; — vin. speak 
ex tempore, improvise. 

*•** badh, budh, beginning. 

(5*^) badd, u, commence, begin ; 
inf. badd\ go into the desert ; 

— inf. baddwa-t, living in the 
desert ; — inf. badw, buduww, 
bad?, badaa-t, appear ; — inf. 
badw, badd 1 , badd y a-t, occur sud- 
denly ; — badi, A, inf. bada, 
abound in mushrooms ; — in. 
inf. mubdddt, transgress ; act 
unjustly; show openly; — iv. 
show or do openly ; do for the 
first time ; go beyond measure ; 
show ; — v. live in the desert ; 
show one's self, appear ; — vi. 
imitate or resemble the inhabi- 
tants of the desert ; show openly 
mutual hatred. 

y>i badw, desert ; beginning ; — 
budu', pi. of ^ bad* ; inf. of 

szAp<*i badawdt, pi. new opinions ; 

innovations; «y^ ji zilbadawdt, 

fertile in new ideas, inventive ; 

tyrant. 
ty** baduh, mystical word written 

under the address of a letter, 

as an invocation for its safe 

arrival. 
jy>i budur, full moons, &c, pi. of 

^ badr, milk-buckets of lamb's 

skin, pi. of $;•** badra-t. 
(«^) badd, inf. bady, badi, begin ; 

— iv. go beyond measure ; — v., 
vin. begin ; appear. 

v5«M badiyy, new ; first. 



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&** badih, pi. budahd', eminent in 
rank and dignity. 

•»*•** badid, open plain; portman- 
teau ; pi. badaid, abidda-t, 
saddle-cloth ; equal, similar ; — 
5 badida-t, calamity ; desert ; 
equal. 

&<** badi 1 , pi. bad*, wonderful, 
astonishing, rare ; incompatible; 
inventor, discoverer ; creator ; 
£**-• g>^ badi 1 sani 1 , the Holy 
Ghost ; invention, discovery ; 
£>a-J\ jJLe l alam albadi 1 , art of 
fine style, rhetoric; the human 
frame ; doubly twisted rope ; 
new leathern flask ; f at ; — S 
badi'a-t, pi. badai', anything 
wonderful, new, unheard-of. 

Ji^ badil, pi. abddl, budald', sub- 
stitute ; an upright, pious man ; 
pi. the seventy just ones. 

e>i**t badin, pi. budun, buddan, fat 
and strong. 

Wi«*J badih-an, h*l <J* *ala badih-in, 
unexpectedly ; ex tempore ; — 5 
badiha-t, anything unexpected; 
occurring thought, salJy ; ex 
tempore speech; improvisation; 
(m.) beginning; principle; — ^ 
badihiyy, i, ex tempore, impro- 
vised ; unexpected ; (m.) from 
principle, essential ; pi. badihiy- 
ydt, unforeseen occurrences. 

(«^) bazz, u, inf. bazz, baziza4, 
conquer, overcome, overtake; — 
baziz, a, inf. bazaza-t, bazdz, 
bizdz, buzuza-t, be in a bad 
condition, be badly off; be old 
and dirty ; — in. inf. mubdzza-t, 
try to overtake ; — vin. inf. 
ibtizdz, receive one's due from 
another ; cut off ; — x. inf. 
istibzdz, treat a thing by or 
claim it for one's self; usurp; 
possess exclusively ; follow one's 
own head. 

•*» bazz, victory, conquest; old, 
worn out; dirty; f. 5, bad, 
equal ; — bizz , equal ; — 2 bizza-t, 
portion, share. 

(Ui) baza', a, inf. baz\ find abo- 



minable ; contemn, despise ; 
blame ; — bazi 9 , offer no food 
(pasture ground) ; baza\ bazi\ 
bazu', inf. bazd-, baza'a-t, be 
impudent ; — in. inf. mubdzdt, 
bizd\ talk or act impudently, 
commit fornication, adultery. 

•tt^i bazdz, 5 bazdza-t, bad con- 
dition; dirt («**). 

j\^i bizdr, pi. of ft bizr, seed ; — S 
bazdra-t, bazdrra-t, dissipation, 
squandering ; — buzdra-t, abun- 
dance; descendants. 

(t*0 bazah, A, inf. bazh, split, 
wound ; peel, skin ; — bazih, 
inf. bazah, be sore; be of no 
use ; — v. rain. 

tb bazh, pi. buziih, split; — bizh, 
wound or scar in the hand. 

(t^) bazih, bizih=g bahh, well 
done ! bravo ! — bazah, inf. 
buziih, be high, proud ; — bazih, 
a, inf. bazah, same meanings; 

— v. id. 

t^i bazah, pride. 

(ft) bazar, u, inf. bazr, sow, 

scatter seed ; spread, preach ; 

push forth the seed (ground) ; 

— n. sow, scatter ; spread 
about, promulgate ; squander ; 
try, tempt one; — v. get foul 
and yellow (water). 

jSi bazir, sower, winnower; chat- 
terer ; abundant ; — bazr, grain 
of seed ; descendants ; pi. buziir, 
bizdr, seed, grain of seed ; — 
buzur, blabbers, pi. of ^M bazdr; 

— S bazra-t, grain of seed ; child, 
son. 

(s3)k) bazraq, inf. bazraqa-t, pro- 
tect, escort ; — protector, who 
escorts ; — bazraqa-t, protection, 
escort. 

<£)$* buzurra, vain ; dissipated, 
squandering. 

(tk) baza', A, inf. baz, I., iv. 
frighten ; — I. drop, fall in 
drops. 

(jcxj), jtt^\ ibza'arr, inf. ibzi'rdr, 
flee aud disperse ; try to reach 
a thing first. 

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%3h bazq, pi. buzuq, guide ; small. 

(/^O) j**A ibzaqarr=p*i\ ibza'ar; 
remain separate (blood in water). 

0**^) bazqaf, inf. bazqafa-t, waste 
(a.). 

(J^) bazal, i, u, inf. 5azZ, give 
abundantly ; give with one's 
own hands; take pains, make 
efforts; — v. do a thing one's 
self ; be not sparing with one's 
own ; waste ; dissipate ; — vi. 
give to each other; — vin.=v. ; 
use a thing daily. 

J^* bad, giving for a present; 
generous gift ; — 8 bizla-t, every 
day dress. 

&** bizldhy who promises without 
keeping his word. 

(}b bazlah, inf. bazlaha-t, promise 
without giving effect to the 
promise. 

(f»*0 bazum, inf. bazdma-t, keep 
one's senses in anger. 

f±i buzm, full senses ; intellect ; 
perseverance ; strength ; skin ; 
fattiness; thickness. 

0*0 bazu', u, inf. bazd', bazd't, 
bazw, talk ribaldry ; — iv. same 
meaning. 

&A buzitza-t, bad condition. 

jjj** bazur, pi. bvzur, who blabs out 
secrets ; — buziir, pi. of jb bazr, 
seed, &c. 

Jy*t bazual, liberal, generous. 

(^) = (^), (U|). 

is±i baz-an, impudence, ribaldry; 
— baziyy, f . S , pi. abziydn, im- 
pudent, talking ribaldry ; — 
bazi', id. ; without food. 

«**«** baziz, equal ; — 5 baziza-t, por- 
tion, share; bad portion, bad 
clothing; victory. 

£ J? bazir, blabber ; slanderer ; j<~S 
f.&i kasir bazir, much, many. 

piU bazim, self-possessed; power- 
ful ; foul (breath). 

(;>) barr, I ; barir, a, inf. birr, 
act well towards God, parents, 
children ; make a pilgrimage ; 
be agreeable to God ; obey 
God ; — inf. barr, birr, burur, 



be truthful; keep one's word 
or oath ; — n. consider pious, 
just, truthful, or proclaim any- 
one to be so ; justify ; — in. 
benefit; live on a continent, in 
the country, in the desert; — 
rv. accept as duly performed ; 
confirm another's oath, sub- 
scribe to it ; live or travel in 
the country ; have many chil- 
dren ; be numerous ; conquer ; 
— v. be pious, obey God ; justify 
one's self; — vi. benefit each 
other, act with piety towards 
each other ; — vin. be separated 
from one's companions ; de- 
prive. 
$ barr, continent, shore, bank ; 
pi. barara-U abrdr, beneficent, 
pious, charitable; just; truth- 
ful ; God ; faithfulness to one's 
oath ; — birr, loving conduct, 
piety ; good action ; present ; 
truthfulnesss ; pilgrimage to 
Mecca; paradise; heart; young 
fox ; — bin-, burr, inf. of (/) ; 

— burr, pi. abrdr, wheat ; — 
bar 9 , creation, creating ; — bur', 
liberation ; recovery ; cure ; — S 
bura-t, pi. ^ buran, birin, burin, 
burdt, ring for the nose of a 
camel ; anklet. 

$ji) bara', a, inf. bar', buru', 
create; — bari', a, u, inf. bard', 
bard'a-t, buru', be free from 
guilt ; — bara', inf. bur', buriC ; 
bari', inf. bar', ; buru', inf. 
bur', buru', recover; — n. inf. 
tabri'a-t, acquit; remit a debt; 
cause to recover ; — in. inf. 
mubdrdt, dismiss in a friendly 
and peaceable way (a companion, 
a wife) ; — iv. = in. ; enter on the 
first or last day ot the month ; 

— v. get acquitted of a debt or 
guilt ; take refuge to (<J\ ila) 
for the sake of acquittal ; — vi. 
declare each other free from any 
obligation ; — x. demand ac- 
quittal ; abstain from one's 
wife ; abstain ; enter on the 



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lis 



the first or last day of the 
month. 
V bira\ pi. of ^ bar?, recovered ; 

— bard% burd\ free, guiltless; 
inf. of (\ } >) ; first or last day 
of a month; — bird 9 , bura, pi. 
of ^ bari', pure, innocent, 
free; — burd\ shavings, <fcc, pi. 
of l>\ji burdya-t ; — barr-an, 
abroad, in foreign countries ; 
outdoors, outside ; — barrd', 
maker of bows ; — a bardt, 
knife for shaving; pen-knife; 

— bur'dt, pi. bura, hiding- 
place of a hunter ; — baraa-t, 
innocence ; recovery ; bard' at 
zimma-t, receipt. 

****?V bardbik, tales, stories, lies, 
pi. of &&iji barbaka-t. 

«>V,* bardt, letter; diploma; patent; 
edict ; privilege ; assignment ; 
receipt; — burdt, rings for the 
noses of camels ; anklets, pi. 
of fy bura-t ; — burrd-t, birrd-t, 
pi. good actions. 

«*fc\;? bardtik, pi. low hills. 

tV bardh, clear, distinct ; evil ; 
large desert ; cV J**** &*&# 
bardh, lion, hero ; cV* ^ &* 
bardh, certainly, at once, im- 
mediately ; — bardh-i (birdh-i), 
sun. 

*\jl burdd, cold ; inf. of («>^) ; — S 
burdda-t, chips, shavings, tilings ; 

— barrdda-t, vessel for cooling 
water ; watering-place. 

&)>\\ bardzin, slow beasts of bur- 
den, &c, pi. of Q)ty barzun. 

8;\^ bardra-t, innocence. 

c<;V bardri, deserts, pi. of hf 
barriyya-t. 

)\ji bardz, vast plain; — bird*, hu- 
man excrements ; stool ; sallying 
forth ; — i bardza-t, inf. of (j^). 

Jjty bardziq, <3yV bardziq, as- 
semblies; by-paths, pi. of vjy;* 
barziq. 

V~\^ bardsd\ troop of people, people, 
number of men. 

p*\* burdsim, sharp-sighted. 

£T*y burdsin, staring at* 



</>y 6iraf, deserts, pi. of l*$ 

oar§a-t. 
(JAj* burdtim, having thick lips. 
&fy bard'a-t, distinction ; elegance. 
f***V bard'im, mountain-heights. 
&$ barrdg, cupper. 
vA-^\^ bardgis, fleas, pi. of *±>£fl 

bar g its. 
<j~*t\fl bardgk, pi. generous animals 

(camels). 
v5^ burdq, the animal on which 

Mahomet ascended to heaven ; 

— barrdq, flashing, shining ; f . 

S , beautiful, handsome ; — h 

barrdqiyya-t, splendour, bril- 
liancy. 
<UU birdk, pi. burk, sword-fish ; — 

blessing ; — bardk-i bardk-i, 

courage ! take courage ! — (m.) 

barrdk, miller ; — h burdkiyya-t, 

a kind of ship. 
\S\ji birdka, pi. bard'ik, endurance 

in battle ; kneeling down. 
(Jty) bur'al, inf. baiala-t, bristle 

up the feathers of the neck 

(cock in fighting) ; — n., ix. the 

same. 
p\fl birdm, kettles, pi. of &-j bur* 

ma-t ; — bur dm, pi. abrima-t, 

sheep-louse. 
&UW bardmika-t, the Barmakides, 

pi. of o^y barmakiyy. 
*A>\jt bardnik, a kiud of black 

dresses, pi. of y&ji barnakdn, 

barankdn* 
,j\ji bardniyy, pots, &c, pi. of *aM 

barniyya-t\— barrdniyy, external ; 

foreigu ; forged (^coin). 
(¥*\ji bardhim, j***V bardhim, i 

bardhima-t, pi. of f***\^ ibrdhim, 

Abraham. 
tf+tofy bardhman, pi. bardhima-t, 

Brahmin. 
{$s*>\ji bardhin, arguments, Ac., pi. 

of (£*$ burhdn. 
V;» bardyd', creatures, pi. of kjl 

bariyya-L 
atfty bard'ik, pi. of Vfy bardkd\ 

q.v. 
Jfl ; > bura" it, tfty burd'ila, small 

feathers of the neck; plants; 



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— * ^ abu-burd'il, ^burd'iliyy, 
cock. 
Vj* burdya-ty pi. 5wra*, shaving, 
chip, paring ; fat ; endurance on 
a long journey. 
jW/ 6ar6ar, murmuring, clattering, 

crying out ; lion. 
(j*W^ birbdsy deep well. 
Gfcty) far&aA, pi. bardbih, earthen 
water-pipe; water-duct; urinary 
canal from the kidneys; sink, 
sewer. 
iS&tf barbafiHyy, chameleon. 
Oty) barbar, inf. barbara-t, bleat ; 
be clamorous, noisy ; (m.) mur- 
mur, grumble. 
$$ barbar, pi. bardbir, bardbira-t f 
native of ISarbary ; — birbir, 8 , 
bleating of sheep; — burbur, 8, 
clamorous, noisy; — ^5 barbariyy, 
the same ; — h barbariyya-t, 
Barbary. 
(v~*j*) harbas, inf. barbasa-t, seek, 
look for ; — 11. walk like a dog ; 
walk lightly, softly ; pass 
quickly. 
(u*ty) barbas, inf. 8, water the 

ground abundantly, 
(fy) barbaf, pi. bardbif, lute, harp, 
(aity) barbaky inf. 8, cheat; tell 
stories (m.) ; — 8 barbaka-t, pi. 
fcara&ifc, deceit ; fable, story. 
)$$ burbur, pearl-wheat. 
(«*>;*) barat, a, inf. bart, cut ; — 
barit, a, inf. 6ara£, be astonished, 
perplexed, confused; — 8 burta-t, 
skill, cunning. 
^Ub?^ bortvqdn, orange. 
(**ty) bartaky firmly insist. 
Jbfy bortukdl, orange. 
(*4y) 6am, a, inf. baras, live in 

ease and enjoyment. 
*£>>} 6arf, pi. bird $, abrds, bur us, 
bardris, good soft ground ; sand- 
hill ; good guide, 
(ty) barsaf, inf. 8 , stay at home ; 
ascend a mountain ; sit with 
crossed legs (in Oriental fashion), 
squat. 
ylji bur§un 9 pi. bardgin, fleshy part 
of the paws; paw; hand. 



&fji bur sit} -at, dangerous place. 

(Cj«) barij, a, inf. faira;, have eyes, 

the white of which is visible all 

round the black; have food 

and drink in abundance; look 

well; — 11., iv. build a tower; 

11. predict from the stars; — v. 

display one's self in adornment 

(woman to men). 

Gji baraj f pi. abrdj, of a handsome 

face; inf. of (grf) ; — burj, pi. 

htriij, abrdj, abrija-t, tower, 

castie; stations of the zodiac; 

angle ; support ; supreme power. 

W^ barjd', f . of $$\ abraj, having 

beautiful eyes. 
•**■;» burjud, pi. bardjid, garment of 
a coarse material, or, by oppo- 
sition, a fine garment. 
(f+]i) barjam, inf. 8, speak 

rudely. 
(^>;0 burjum, burjuma-t, pi. bard~ 
jim, middle joiut of a finger; 
middle finger; knuckle, 
cr**/ birji8, planet Jupiter. 
(C;0 barahy inf. buriihy show the 
left side coming from the right ; 
— u, inf. barhy be angry ; — 
barihy a, inf. bardh f leave, dis- 
continue ; sojourn in the desert ; 
come to light; become mani- 
fest ; — 11. cause pain and 
trouble; — iv. astonish, please; 
do marvels ; honour ; injure ; — 
v. be grieved. 
tjl barfr, misfortune, evil ; — 8 
burha-t, pi. burah, excellent she- 
camel. 
Wy burahd\ greatest calamity ; 

paroxysm; disorder; grief. 
<j*2* barhay well hit ! 
tjk barhy increase ; abundance ; 
cheapness ; power ; thinness, 
weakness; cut of a sword; — 
11. barratry submit humbly. 
jA*»$ bar has , confusion. 
S^j* buraftdd-t, delicate, fleshy 

woman, 
(ty) barad 9 u, inf. bard, be cold, 
freeze, make cold or freeze; 
die; sleep;— inf. burdd, buriid, 



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to 



be weak, ill; dry up, get lean, 
thin ; be blunt ; cool with 
water ; put collyrium on the 
eye ; file ; beat ; kill ; send as 
a messenger; be incontestable; 
hail ; — barud, inf. buruda-t, 
be cold ; be incontestable ; 
abate (n.) (pain) ; — n. cool, 
refresh ; assuage ; abate (a.) ; 

— in. treat one coldly; — iv. 
bring anything refreshing; give 
anything cold to drink; enter 
into the coolness of evening; 
weaken ; send as a messenger ; 

— v. refresh one's self ; take a 
cold bath ; abate (n.) ; — vi. 
treat each other coldly; — vin. 
pour cold water upon one's self ; 
refresh one's self by a cold 
drink ; — x. find cold. 

*ty barady pi. burud, hail ; — barid, 
cold, hailing (cloud) ; — bard, 
cold (s. and adj.) ; sleep, rest ; 
spittle; ahbarddn, morning and 
evening; — burd, S, pi. burud, 
abrud, abrdd, striped garment, 
upper garment ; wing (of a 
locust, &c.) ; /-V* »>^ burd fdhir, 
war; — burud, messengers, &c, 
pi. of «*>*> bartd; — $ barada-t, 
barda-t 9 indigestion ; — barada-t t 
hail-stone ; middle of the eye ; 
— burda-t, pi. burad, striped 
upper garment; curtain; cloak 
of a dervish. 

\*# buradd\ shiver of an ague. 

fc\jy birddfc, polish, finish, com- 
pletion (m.). 

G^ty barddn, cold, freezing. 

US*f burddya-t, curtain. 

e*y bardaj, prisoner (Pers.) 

(u**V) Mrdi*, haughty ; repugnant, 
ugly. 

£**>j» barda'a-t, pi. barddi', saddle- 
cloth, pack-saddle ; — ^fty bar* 
da'iyy, maker of such. 

t5ty bardiyy, papyrus; branch; 
wing of the locust; — burdiyy, 
a kind of dates ; — 8 bardiyya-t f 
cold fever, ague. 

trtty frtrdifs^ty birdie. 



(fcty) bardah, i, 8 , smooth, polish ; 
complete ; — u. get smoothed, 
polished ; be refined, civilised. 

tty burzaj, roar of a lion. 

(£**;*)> ibranza, be ready. 

£e3j> barza'a-t —&**>$ barda'a-L 

(<$ty) barzan, inf. S, overcome, 
conquer ; not be able to answer 
from exhaustion ; walk as a 
beast of burden. 

Q)*ji birzaua (burzun), pi. {&&j* 
bardzin, slow beast of burden; 
pack-horse ; Turkish horse. 

itf barara-t, pi. of J* burr, inno- 
cent, &c. 

( j;*) baraz, inf. buruz ; bariz, A, inf. 
baraz, go into the open plain ; 
appear ; show forth (n.) ; issue ; 
— baruz, inf. bardza-t, be abste- 
mious, virtuous ; — n. make come 
forward ; make known ; surpass 
others in virtue and bravery, in 
swiftness; save his master by 
his swiftness (horse) ; go to 
stool ; — in. inf. mubdra»a-t f 
step forward for a single com- 
bat ; fight a duel ; provoke ; — 
iv. make come forward, publish ; 
intend a journey ; take pure 
gold ; — v. go out ; — vi. come 
forward against each other for 
a single combat ; separate from 
the crowd to seek one's com- 
panion (mutually) ; — x. cause 
or wish anyone to come forward, 
anything to appear. 

jj» barz, intelligent ; venerable ; 
moderate ; one who goes forth ; 
open tract of land ; — 5 barza-t, 
respectable matron ; mountain 
summit ; steepness ; — birza-t, 
look, aspect. 
$yi birzdg=ttf burtmg, q.v. 
(fcy) &w*a#» pi- bardzib, interval ; 
Tbarrier ; medium ; isthmus ; 
time between death and resur- 
rection; tomb; a by 88, depth; 
the Holy Ghost. 
(fctjjjO barza'a-t, bed, couch. 
(£jb*) burzuq, liveliness, sprightli* 
ness ; weu*grown fellow. 



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Jbt ii8 

(Jj;0 burtul, heavy man. 

tjjjl biirziig=z£tf burzug. 

\S)fl barziyy, venerable. 

<Jfe M birziq, pi. bardziq, assembly ; 

by-path. 
t>*j^ birzin, cup of palm-tree wood. 
(<^V*) baris, a, inf. baras, be hard 

on a debtor; — n. level and 

soften the ground, 
(j*^ bars, opiate ; — birs, bars, skill 

of a guide. 
\~fl barsd 9 , troop, number of people. 
f&+$ biredm, pleurisy ; headache. 
(^-^), pass. bursim, suffer from 

pleurisy.. 
(d*»;0 baras", spot on the nail; — 

burs', pi. abras, piebald; — ix. 

{brass*, inf. ibrisdi, be piebald ; 

— 8 bursa-t, spot (of a horse), 
(j^) baras", inf. bars, fade 

(colour). 

£^ birs'd l =£*ji birsi*. 

p\*ji birMm, sharp-sighted eye. 

<j)Ujt baridn, people of the same 
creed ; — bursdn, wafer, holy 
wafer, host. 

«^} birUt, soft-boiled egg (Pers.). 

(JaA»jj) bar sa( , inf. 8 , tear with the 
teeth. 

(fity) birs'i', tall and stout ; head- 
strong ; malicious ; stupid, 
foolish. 

(v3*;0 barfaq, inf. 8 , cut into 
pieces ; beat with a whip ; — 
in. inf. ibrinidq, rejoice (n.) ; 
blossom; expand (flower). 

etXfcj* bars'ak, inf. 8, divide and 
place separately. 

(f**j*) bar&am, inf. 8, show one's 
grief in the face; frown; mark 
with dots of different colours; 

— inf. 8 , and birMm, fix one's 
look at a thing (<J\ ila). 

{f^ji) barsam, inf. 8, brush (m.). 

j**f barium, veil for the face. 

fj&j} barium, a high kind of palm- 
tree. 

l+e*fl bars'ima-t, brush (in.). 

(<^;0 baris, a, inf. baras (also 
used in the pass.), be a leper; 

— ii. render similar to a leper ; 



6» 



shave the head ; water the 
ground before tilling it; — iv. 
render a leper; have a leprous 
child; cure from leprosy; — v. 
graze entirely off. 

\fjt baras, white leprosy; — bars, 
camel-louse; — burs, pi. of ^f\ 
abras, leprous; — 8 birasa-t, pi. 
poisonous lizards ; — bursa-t, 
pi. birds, dwelling-place of the 
demons, genii. 

\<°jl barsd', grazed off; shining 
white ; f . of ^fl\ abras, leprous ; 
— burasd', pi. of i/»ji baris, 
shining ; leprous. 

fj-y bar sum, leathern case for 
nasks, &c. 

(uty) barad, u, inf. bard, be little 
or few ; flow scantily ; — i, u, 
inf. bard, give little ; — inf. 
bur ud, just sprout forth, so that 
the species cannot yet be recog- 
nised ; — ii., iv. produce such 
sprouts in quantity ; — v. be 
satisfied with little ; receive 
anything piecemeal; sip with 
the edges of the lips. 

\J>$ bard, pi. birdd, burud, abrdd, 
a little, driblet; — 8 barda-t, a 
little water. 

v>^ bar (as, pi. bardfis, sill (m.). 

(u~S0 bar(as, inf. 8 , let beasts of 
burden. 

(fiSO barta*, inf. 8, be agitated, 
moved, in emotion. 

( J* 9 ;*) barfal, inf. 8 , give a present 
to the judge, bribe ; — n. accept 
a bribe ; allow one's self to be 
bribed. 

Jfy barful, high cap; — 8 barfala-t, 
uuder-cap ; — bartulla-t, small 
sun-shade. 

(fJ»jO bar\am, inf. 8, stammer; 
swell with anger; provoke t« 
anger; be very dark; — n. get 
angry at a speech. 

jJm bar{am % stammerer. 

ffat birtum, trunk (of an elephant, 
Ac, m.). 

£fi!»jt bartik, melon. 

(fy) bara*, inf. buril', bari* and 



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119 



*t 



baru', inp. bard l a-t, surpass 
others in knowledge, virtue, 
beauty, Ac; be perfect; con- 
quer, vanquish ; ascend a moun- 
tain ; — v. give as a present, 
bestow benefits of free will. 

(J*;0 bur'ul, the young of the 
hyena or jackal. 

((♦*;*) bar'am, inf. 8, i., h. bud 
forth. 

(**ji bur'um, 8, pi. bard'im, fff 
bar'um, 8, bud, chalice of a 
flower ; rose ; — pi. bard'im, 
mountain heights. 

u~**ji bir t i8= u ~*£ji bargts. 

(&) barg, spittle, drivel. 

tji barig, a, inf. barag, live in ease 
and enjoyment. 

«A*fcj* bargos, inf. 8 , have fleas, be 
full of fleas ; — 8 bargasa-t, ash- 
colour. 

)fy barguz, malicious. 

(cr^;0 bargai, fly ; — ibragaSs, inp. 
ibrigsds, recover from an illness 
or wound and be able to walk 
again. 

(J*;0 burgvl, pearl- wheat. 

J^» bargal, inp. 8 , live in a place 
near water, or between culti- 
vated land and the desert. 

(t&jjty) burgus, pi. bardgis, flea. 

^j* bargiyy, pi. bardgi, screw. 

(u~*ty) birgis, patient ; not losing 
one's head ; — pi. bardgis, gene- 
rous camels. 

J*ty birgil, pi. bardgil, country 
near water or between cultivated 
ground and desert. 

y£f birfir, purple. 

(J;0 baraq, u, inp. barq, buruq, 

, burqdn, flash, lighten ; wink, 
threaten ; — inp. barq, bariq, 
burqdn, shine, glitter; be bril- 
liant; rise (star); adorn one's 
self ; — inp. barq, buruq ; bariq, 
a, inp. baraq, stare from fear; 
burst through the heat (leathern 
pipe) ; — ii. adorn one's self or 
one's house ; open the eyes wide 
and look sharp; undertake a 
long journey ; persist in rebel- 



lion ; be too difficult for (s^ bi) ; 

— iv. lighten ; threaten ; be 
struck by lightning; cause to 
flash ; adorn one's self ; desist ; 
unveil the face; track a wild 
animal. 

jy baraq, pi. abrdq, birqdn, burqdn, 
lamb, ram ; fear, fright ; — barq, 
pi. buruq, lightning; brilliancy, 
flash; — buraq, necessary busi- 
ness, pi. of *Ij» burqa-t ; — burq, 
pi. African lizards ; — 8 barqa4, 
confusion ; (m.) pain in the 
loins; — burqa-t, pi. buraq, urgent 
business; bad ground. 

**•*;* barqaha-t, ugliness. 

Jtfji birqaruq, plum (m.). 

(lt*;0 barqat, inp. 8 , be varie- 
gated ; separate (n.) ; paint 
gaudily, adorn ; bungle ; set to 
(J* l ala) ; — n. be gaudily 
adorned ; (m.) be piebald. 

<j*»y birqiS, {J**\fl $\ abil bardqU, 
finch; — 8 barqa6a-t, confusion; 
being piebald. 

Q&ji) barqat, inp. 8, make short 
steps ; turn round in running ; 
disperse (a.) ; speak without 
order; ascend a mountain; sit 
in Oriental fashion ; — n. fall 
on the back of the head ; get 
mingled in pasturing. 

&Zf barqafa-t, short step. 

(CV) barqa 1 , inp. 5, veil; cover 
one's animal ; hit on the ears ; 

— ii. veil one's self. 

gty birqi', burqu*, seventh heaven ; 

— burqa 1 , burqu', pi. bardqi', a 
lady's veil, which allows only 
the eyes to be seen ; curtain ; — 
8 burqu'a-t, mark by branding 
(camel). 

(Js^) barqal, inp. 8, lie; lighten 

without raining. 
v>jty barqiU, pi. bardqxi, worn-out 

shoe. 
gyy barqiV, burqu" 1 , violent ; — 

burqu* =&)* burqa*, veil. 
jfy burqiiq, birqnq, apricot, yellow 

plum. 
J*ty birqtt, ballista, cross-bow. 



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(J»>) barak, v, inf. buruk, tdbruk, 
kneel ; stand firm ; (m.) be 
obliged to remain, not be able 
to get away ; sit down ; rain 
continuously; exert one's self; 

— ii. kneel down; make kneel 
down ; (m.) cause to remain ; 
be miller; — say a blessing; — 
in. inp. mubdraka-t, carry on a 
thing (^ 'a/a) assiduously ; 
bless, make happy ; pray for 
( J* l ala) ; — iv. make the camel 
kneel down ; — v. be blessed, 
happy; hope for blessing, hap- 
piness, or good luck ; congratu- 
late one's self ; insist on (v* bi) ; 

— vi. be praised and hallowed 
(God) ; accept as a good omen ; 
be blessed, fortunate ; — vin. 
place the chest on the ground 
for the rider to mount (camel) ; 
fight on one's knees ; rush for- 
ward; lean over one's work; 
carry on assiduously ; pour out 
much water ; rain continuously ; 
insult ; — x. be blessed, find 
blessed; — 5 baraka-t, pi. bara- 
kdt, blessing, happiness; abun- 
dance ; fertility ; — birka-t, 
kneeling down; upper part of 
the chest ; a striped stuff ; pi. 
birak, pond, fountain- basin ; 
milk-pail ; milking ; — burka-t, 
pi. burak, abrdk, birkan, burkdn, 
duck ; frogs ; persons of rank ; 
tax ; tax-gatherers. 

oty birkdn, pi. of Kf burka-t, 
q.v. ; — burkdn, volcano (nj.). 

(ctO barka', inp. S , cut, cut off ; 
throw on the ground ; — n. fall 
down. 

(frO baram, inp. barm, fix, make 
firm; twist a rope tight; (m.) 
turn round, roam about ; — 
barim, a, inp. baram, be ill- 
tempered, peevish; be embar- 
rassed ; — ii. turn to and fro 
(a.) ; make ill-tempered ; — iv. 
twist the rope doubly ; make 
firm; render ill-tempered; im- 
portune by questions; — v. be 



ill-tempered ; — vii. be firmly 
twisted ; be fixed. 

rf baram, pi. abrdm, toil, grief; 
miser ; trouble-feast ; unripe 
grapes ; mountain summits ; — 
barim, unbearable (person) ; — 
burm, rope ; — 8 barma-t, turn, 
twist ; — burma-t, pi. burin, 
buram, birdm, stone vessel for 
cooking; kettle. 

o^V barmakiyy, pi. baram ika-t, 
Barmakide. 

J*y barmil, pi. bardmil, cask (m). 

\~&ji barndsa", man. 

ijr^ji baranta, ill-tempered, peevish. 

**Wy baranjik, gauze, crape (Turk.). 

•ty birand, birind, old sword ; 
glitter of a sword. 

(lH;0 burnus, pi. bardnis, a kind 
of hood ; prince ; — n. tabarnas, 
put on a burnus, 

l-~ty barna8d (V-Aty barnasd), mau. 

&\&jl barnakdn, barankdn, pi. bard- 
nik, a black garment (Pers.). 

^Jji barraniyy, external, foreign; 
— 8 barniyya~t, pi. bardniyy, pot, 
vessel of earth or glass, jar; 
young cock. 

&ety burnaita-t, pi. bardnif, hat 

<J**;* barniq, hippopotamus ; — 6tr- 
niq, mud ; a mushroom. 

(}jt) barxh, a, inf. barah, burhdn, 
recover, regain strength ; have 
a white body ; — iv. proffer 
convincing proofs or arguments, 
get the better by arguments. 

fy barah, delicacy of the skin ; 
f at ; — S barha-t, burha-t, length 
of time. 

Vty barhd, f. of *y!\ abrah, white of 
skin. 

y\*jl burhdn, pi. bardJiin, argument, 
demonstration, proof, evidence ; 
clear sign ; decision ; prince, 
leader ; — inf. of (a^) ; — <j 
burhdniyy, demonstrative ; de- 
cisive; convincing. 

(l&Jbf) barahraha-t, handsome and 
lively, bright. 



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0**jO barham, inf. *, stare at 
(o^ *&0 ; — * barhama-t, bur- 
huma-t, flower- bud. 

<^*fr»* barahman, *uj*ji baraJimaud, 
pi. bardhima-t, Brahman. 

(ety) barhan, inf. S, bring forth 
strong arguments, convincing 
proof ; testify ; — u. demon- 
strate, argue ; be proved, de- 
monstrated ; — 2 barhana-t, de- 
monstration. 

**>y*ji barahilt, burhiit, pit of the 
damned souls. 

(rf) bard, u, inf. barw, smoothe, 
plane, shave ; create ; put a 
ring through the nose of a 
camel. 

& buru\ recovery ; deliverance, 
rescue. 

*a»V barawdt, diplomas, &c, pi. of 
<*Ajl bardt. 

£#» buriij, towers, &c, pi. of ey 
burj. 

ttf baruh, passing from the right 
to the left. 

*rf barud, cold ; cooling; — buriid, 
striped garments, &c, pi. of ** 
burd ; inf. of (ty), q-v« ; dul- 
ness ; — S buritda-t, coolness ; 
coldness ; dulness. 

jtf burtir, faithfulness to one's 
oath. 

)yji buriiz, getting known, becoming 
evident, inf. of (j^). 

<j*#? buriid, pi. of yij» bard, a little ; 
inf. of (Jfy). 

grf burn', perfection. 

jj;* buruq, lightnings, Ac, pL of 
ty barq ; inf. of (jj>), q.v. 

d^ bur ilk, kneeling, inf. of (^jt) ; 
sweetmeat made of dates and 
butter ; — troops of camels, &c, 
pi. of *s5j* bark; — 8 barwaka-t, 
female hedge-hog. 

\£tf baruhV, endurance ; kneeling. 

(i5j0 bara, i, inf. ^ bar-an, bary, 
plane, shave ; make or mend a 
pen; emaciate (a.); (m.) tear 
by use ; — in. inf. mubdrdt, imi- 
tate ; compete ; separate in a 
peaceable way from a partner 



or wife ; cover with dust ; 
soil ; find sugar canes ; — v. 
present one's self; free one's 
self; — vi. imitate each other, 
emulate ; — vn. be smoothed 
(arrow, <fec.) ; be made or mended 
(pen) ; be emaciatod ; present 
one's self; be ready; — vni. 
smooth ; be smoothed ; — x. 
examine, spy out ; reconnoitre. 

iS$ bar-an, earth, dust ; — buran, 
rings for the noses of camels, 
pi. of iji bura-t ; — bariyy, 
smoothed, planed ; acquitted, 
free ; — barV, pi. bari'un, bura 9 d 9 , 
bird 9 , abrd 9 , ibrVd, burd 9 , f. bari- 
'a-/, pi. barCd-t, bariyy at, bardyd, 
pure, guiltless, innocent, free; 
pi. bird 9 , recovered, cured ; — 
burra, friendly word ; — barriyy, 
rustic, wild; continental; country- 
man, native ; external, foreign ; 
level ; — I ba^a-t, making of a 
pen ; — bariyy a-t, pi. bariyydt, 
bardyd, creature, people ; — bar- 
riyya4, pi. bardri, desert. 

*>ty bari'dt, bariyydt, see ^ bari 9 . 

<***;* barrit, pi. bardrit, desert ; — 
birrit, prudent guide or leader ; 
plain. 

&jl barih, bad omen; — £ty ^ umm 
barih, crow ; calamity. 

•ty bar id, pi. burud, ready ; mes- 
senger; courier; express; J*** 
*ijtl\ hailu-Ubarid, relay horses ; 
*iyA\ s-^^«» sdhibu-l-barid, post- 
master; a measure= 16 English 
miles. 

{j**;* baris, piebald. 

{j** barU, pi. burasd 9 , shining; 
leprous ; — burais, ^o^ j?\ abu 
burais, lizard. 

g>^» bari', excellent, f. barVa-t, 
handsome and witty (woman). 

&ji bartq, brilliancy ; inf. of (j^); 
— brig (m.) ; — S bariqa-t, pi. 
bamiq, milk with butter ; light- 
ning, flash ; brilliancy. 
■ v&iji bar Ik, pi. burk, blessed with 
abundance ; barih and barika-t, 
dates with butter ; — brig (m.). 

16 



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Jy 



^if barim, twisted ; string of 
pearls, Ac. ; amulet ; motley 
crowd ; army ; mixed herd ; 
dawn ; suspicious ; al-barimdn, 
liver and hump of the camel 
as a dish; — 8 barima-t, barri- 
ma4, borer ; cork-screw ; screw. 

i$tfl burin, pi. of if bura-t ; — 8 
barrina-t, birrina-t=z&Hj baru 
ma-t. 

kf buraih, ^>jt buraihim, little 
Abraham. 

(y) bazz, u, capture, rob, plunder ; 
inf. bazz, bizzizd, conquer, van- 
quish ; — viii. inf. ibtizdz, take 
from by violence, rob. 

)* bazz, fine linen; silk; clothing; 
armour ; drapery ; superiority ; 
victory ; end ; inf. of (y) ; — 
bizz, pi. bizdz, abzdz, nipple ; 
bosom; (m.) mouth-piece of a 

Eipe ; — 8 bizza-t, rich robe of 
onour; garb; arms, armour; 

form, figure, 
yty buzdbiz, agile, active; strong 

but not brave, 
fcty bizdj y boast, swagger. 
8;*>W bazddira-t, falconers, pi. of 

;u>jVj bdzddr. 
$$ bazzdr, seller of linseed, of 

grain. 
)\y bazzdz, linen-draper, draper ; 

merchant ; — 8 bizdza-t, linen 

trade, 
gty bvzd', active servant ; — 8 

bazd'a-t, good breeding, being 

well brought up. 
v3ty bvzdq, spittle, saliva. 
Jty bizdl, buzdl, bung ; bung- 
hole. 
Sty buzd-t, falcons, hawks, pi. of 

jVj bdz. 
(#yi) bazbaz, inf. 8, urge on; walk 

fast; take to flight; move about 

much and quickly ; conciliate ; 

disquiet ; steal, rob ; throw 

away. 
y$ buzbuz, agile, active. 
(5)0 bazaj, u, inf. bazj, boast ; 

irritate against (^ l aJa) ; — 

II. adorn ; — in. inf. miibdzaja-t, 



bizdj, boast ; — yi. contest fo 
glory. 

(ty) bazah, i, inf. bazh, take the 
merchandise without weighing 
or measuring; — n. show one's 
self submissive ; — vi. desist. 

ty bazah, hump on the chest. 

•>)? bazd, scabbard. 

(;)*) bazar, i, inf. bazr, beat ; sow 
(a field) ; blow the nose ; fill ; 
— ii. sprout ; make ears (corn) ; 
grow grain (ear) ; lay eggs 
(silk-worm) ; — v. descend from 
the Banu Bazra. 

tf bazr, bizr, 8, pi. buziir, seed, 
grain of seed ; egg of the silk- 
worm; pi. abzdr, abdzir, herbs 
for seasoning ; descendant ; 
mucus. 

\^j bazrd\ woman who has many 
children. 

)y* bazaz, arms, armour. 

(£>0 bazu\ inf. bazd'a-t, be hand- 
some, witty, and well bred ; be 
pert, saucy ; — inf. baz\ in- 
crease; — v. be handsome, well 
bred ; be rife, rampant ; threaten 
(danger). 

(tp) bazag, u, inf. bazg, bleed 
with a lancet ; — inf. bazg, 
buzug, be on the point of rising ; 
push (tooth of a camel) ; peep 
forth. 

£)* bazg, lancet. 

Ofy) buzgur, malicious. 

( Jji) bazaq, u, inf. bazq, sow the 
ground; spit; throw out; rise 
(sun) ; — 8 bazqa-t, spittle, 
saliva. 

^ bazaqd, quick walk. 
( J ; bazal, tr, inf. bazl, split ; tap 
a cask; clarify the wine; cut 
off ; decide ; — II. split ; tap ; 
clarify; — v. split (n.) ; tap; — 
vii. split (n.), get split; — viii. 
open (n.) ; tap ; bid to broach ; 
clarify. 
J)* buzl, goat. 

Sty bazld', good idea or advice; 
misfortune; fy &**» kafta-t bazld 1 , 
the line between good and evil. 



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(fti) bazam, i, u, inf. bazm, bite 
with the fore-teeth; carry a 
burden for a long time; milk 
a camel; draw the bow-string 
with fore-finger and thumb ; 
rob ; resolve firmly ; speak 
rudely ; break into pieces ; — 
iv. give ; — viii. pass the day in 
(participle or aorist). 

ft bazm, firm resolution ; harsh 
word ; break, rupture ; — $ baz- 
ma-t, meal ; weight of 10 
dirham. 

(fry) bazmahy inf. $ , be proud. 

(#0 baza, ^5ji baza, u, inf. bazw, 
be in equilibrium, be one's 
equal ; raise one's self above 
(<^c € ala) another ; accustom 
one's self to, become familiar 
with (v» bi) ; overcome by force 
aud carry off; — baza, u, bazi, 
inf. baz-an, be hump-chested ; 

— iv. be oue's equal in (^» bi) ; 
overcome by force and carry off; 
wrong ; give the suck ; — vi. 
make long strides; boast of 
things one has not got. 

jjyi bazw, in equilibrium with others, 
equal to others. 

y\rf bazatcdn, attack; impulsive- 
ness, impetuosity. 

O&j)* bazur>yy 9 greengrocer; seed- 
merchant. 

£«)» baziig, sunrise. 

Jjj)* bazul, pi. buzul, camel 9 years 
of age (pushing its corner- 
tooth). 

0)* baziyy, foster-brother. 

gty» baztj, thankful. 

<4#>* bizziza, victory, conquest. 

Q)t bazi 1 , wide awake; eloquent; 
agile ; impudent. 

(is*) bass, u, inf. bass, drive the 
camels slowly on by the call 
has I bat! prepare or eat the 
disn &~a~ > basisa-t; — send out 
cattle, goods, scouts, to different 
countries ; demand ; exert one's 
self; pass, be crushed, sink, 
become dust (the mountains) ; 

— iv, drive on or decoy camels 



by the call bast bas! decoy 
goats to the water ; — vn. be 
sent out ; dissolve (n.). 

yw bass, demand, request; power; 
strength ; work, labour ; zeal ; 
sufficiency, enough ; — bass, 
hiss, £ bissa-t, pi. bisas, domestio 
cat. 

(W) basd\ basi', a, inf. bas', ba$a\ 
basd\ busiV, become familiar, 
intimate with (v» bi) ; — i, inf. 
bas 1 , bust?, get accustomed to 
(*r» bi) ; despise ; — iv. make 
familiar, accustom. 

<Ja*W basdtiq, pottery, &c, pi. of 
6Sy~! bastuqa-t. 

^joU*) has at in y gardens, pi. of <$Vx~* 
bust an. 

vjUSUoj basdtiniyy, gardener. 

fyU* bisdra-t, summer-rain. 

£-W bassdsa-t, Mecca. 

tL.j basd4, vast plain; open country; 
surface ; large pot ; — btidf, pi. 
bu8uf, covering, carpet, mat, 
cushion ; pi. bisf, bw{, busuf, 
she-camels with sucking foals ; — 
S basdta-t, free talk, ingenuous- 
ness ; simplicity ; — ^5 bisdfiyy, 
pedlar, shopkeeper (m.). 

jW busdq, spittle. 

JU* basal, bisdl, see ( J~>) ; — $ 
basdla-t, bravery, prowess, hero- 
ism ; contempt of death. 

f»l~) bassdm, who smiles much. 

<j*V*~* basbds, fennel. 

(v***)) basbas, inf. S , walk very 
fast; set quickly to; decoy by 
the call bas I baa ! endure ; — 11. 
flow. 

is**** basbas, desert; silly beha- 
viour or talk. 

gU~* bustdn, pi. basdtin, garden 
(Pers.) ; — bustdniyy, gardener. 

gx-* bastaj, frankincense. 

(tyu^) bistarf, she-camel with foal. 

03*-*) bastaq, servant. 

gva*~4 bustaqdn, gardener; field- 
watch. 

%;*~* bustanjiyy, pi. bustanjiyya-t, 
gardenor. 



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&ys— ? ba&tuqa-t f pi. basdttq, earthen- 
ware; water-jug. 
S~4 bussaz, coral (Pers.). 
( r ->) 6asar, u, inf. 6a«r, do 
hastily, precipitately ; do or 
demand anything before the 
proper time (also iv., v., Tin.) ; 
begin, commence (s^ bi) ; sub- 
due, offer violence ; — inf. basr, 
basur, show a severe face, frown ; 
pass, have piles ; — iv. see i. ; 
press unripe dates; stop, stick 
fast (ship);— v. see I.; pet 
benumbed ; be cold ; — vin. see 
i. ; begin, commence (*r> bi) ; get 
benumbed ; subdue ; oppress ; 
pass, change (colour). 
y~* basr, cold water; first begin- 
ning ; — bust, dates beginning to 
ripen ; pi. bisdr, refreshing rain ; 
fresh and tender; — 5 busra-t, 
busura-t, pi. busur, busurdt, date 
beginning to ripen ; rising sun ; 
first germ ; glass beads. 
(U~>) basaf, u, inf. bast, spread; 
stretch out or open the hand ; 
cheer, rejoice (a.) ; hold (as a 
room) ; be large enough ; render 
more excellent, bolder; accept 
an excuse ; — basut, overcome 
one's own timidity, get bolder ; 
— n. spread ; — mubdsafa-t, be 
without timidity ; speak out 
freely; receive anybody with 
joy ; — v., vii. be extended, 
long; wander far, travel; be 
without timidity, put off re- 
straint ; — vii. be cheerful, 
merry, rejoice, divert one's self ; 
make too free with (^ *ala). 
I— * bast, spreading, &c., inf. of 
(L~*); joy; cheerfulness; amuse- 
ment ; intoxicating paste of hemp 
and tobacco ; — bisj, S bis(at, bus{> 
bueut> pi. absdt, busuf, bisdf, 
busdf, camel with sucking foal 
on the pasture; open; liberal; 
— burnt , pi. of la*~> basif, wide, 
extensive, Ac. ; — 5 basta-t, fcwa- 
fa-t, deep knowledge; distinc- 
tion ; largeness and abundance j 



extension; (m.) pedestal; — <j 
bastiyy, seller of fa~* bast, q.v. ; 

— h basfiyya-t, pleasure, amuse- 
ment. 

(<3~0 basaq, u, inf. basq, spit ; — 
inf. busuq, be high; surpass; 

— ii. make long; keep waiting 
a long time ; importune ; molest. 

J£~* buskul, the hindmost horse 
in a race. 

(J-~*) basal, u, inf. basl, blame, 
reproach ; hasten, urge on ; take 
piecemeal and by degrees ; shut 
up ; allow ; — inf. bus id, be for- 
bidden ; grow thick (milk, &c.) ; 

— basul, inf. basdla-t, basal, 
be of severe looks, courageous, 
brave, terrible ; — n. loathe ; — 
in. inf. mubdsala-t, attack with 
fury ; outflank an enemy ; — iv. 
forbid ; offer as a pledge ; give 
a commission, charge with (J li 
or v* bi) ; devote one's self to 
death or destruction; cook or 
dry unripe dates ; — v. frown ; 
be avoided, shunned ; defy 
danger ; — vin. receive one's 
fee; devote one's self to death 
(also x.). 

J~* basal, yes, so it is ; — basil, 
severe-looking ; bold ; — basl, 
forbidden, and, by opposition, 
lawful ; repulsive ; haste ; 
violence, severity; blame; im- 
prisonment, prison ; torture ; 
$u* %~* basl-an basl-an, Amen! 
Amen! *5 ^ basl-an la-hu, 
%+\ ) %~i basl-an wa asl-an, woe 
to him ! — bml, busul, pi. of J~W 
basil, bold, &c. ; — S busla-t, fee 
of the snake-charmer. 

%~* busald 9 , pi. of J-W basil, bold, 
&c. 

(r~)) basam, i, inf. basm (also v. 
and vin.), sinile. 

p~i bism, for aIN (*~* bV smi-l-ldh*i } 
in the name of God. 

J*~j basmal, inf. S , pronounce the 
above words; — basmala-t, invo* 
cation of God. 



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& 



(t>~0 basan, beautiful; hence iv. 
ab8am, be beautiful. 

)y~i baeiir, severe-looking, grim; 
lion ; — busur, inf. of (/-*). 

s3y~t busuq, growth; inf. of (v>-*). 

cr »* > 6iwt8, a little ; — 8 badisa-t, 
flour roasted in butter ; scraped 
cheese ; tale-bearing ; spying, 
inf. of (tr*). 

1*~ * basif, pi. 6h*m£, wide, ex- 
tensive, level ; superficial ; pi. 
busafd, basd'tf, simple, not com- 
pound ; single ; naive, artless, 
open, free; liberal; name of a 
metre : mvslafilun failun mus- 
taf'ilun fd'ilun twice repeated ; 

— 5 basifa-t, open country ; sur- 
face of the earth; sun-dial; 
quadrant ; she-camel with her 
foal; clear and simple matter; 
pi. bascVify element. 

J«~* basil, severe-looking ; re- 
pulsive ; — S basila-t, bitter taste. 

ffre~t basim, smiling ; sprightly. 

($#~i busain, S , cat, kitten. 

(trO bass, a, inf. bads, bands' a-t, 
show an open, friendly face; 
receive with friendliness; rejoice 
at seeing again ; rejoice at (s-» 
hi) ; — iv. be densely overgrown, 
produce the first plants. 

<J* basi, open, friendly; joyful 
reception ; joy at seeing again. 

•V-fc* busdr, pi. vilest of men ; — 5 
baMra-t, bUdra-t, buMra-t, news, 
happy tidings, gospel ; — ba$dra-t, 
pi. baJd'ir, beauty ; — bus'dra-t, 
guerdon for good news ; scurf ; 

— baisdra-t, butterfly. 

j*l&* baids, friendly, humane ; — 
S basdja-t^z^s* bass; inf. of 

£U* ba$d\ indigestion ; — 5 basd l a4, 

ugliness. 
jU* baiiak, great liar. 
/U* basdHr, messengers of joyful 

news ; — pi. of basdra»t, beauty. 
fa ^ .i.t t baJtafita4> writing-table, 

portfolio (Pers.). 
&W&t bafydna-t, ante-room ; vesti* 

bule (Pers.). 



(y**) basar, u, inf. bast, peel, 
pare, shave so as to render the 
skin visible; eat the ground 
bare (locusts) ; take a business 
into one's own hands ; — u, inf. 
basr, buiiir, bring good news; 
report ; receive ; have sexual 
intercourse ; — i, baSir, a, inf. 
bas'ar, rejoice at ; — n. gladden 
by good news ; — in. inf. mu- 
bdfora-t, id. ; take a matter into 
one's own hands ; exercise a 
profession ; have sexual inter- 
course ; — iv. shave to the skin ; 
bring good news or rejoice at 
it ; rejoice ; get covered with 
plants ; adorn ; — vi. receive 
good news from each other; — 
x. gladden by good news; rejoice 
at such, expect it. 

y** basar, pi. absdr, human skin ; 
man, mankind; j^\ $\ abn-'U 
baiar-i, Adam ; abu bas'ar-in, 
dessert, sweetmeats ; — bidr, 
open, joyful countenance; joy; 
cheerful welcome ; — busr, good 
tidings; busr and \y** busara", 
messengers of good news, &c, 
pi. of j~&* batir ; — I bafara-t, 
' pi. bas'ar, epidermis ; surface ; 
i human frame; humanity, man- 
kind ; — ^ bus'rd, pi. bus'rawdt, 
happy tidings, gospel; — baiariyy, 
human, referring to mankind, 
mortal ; — h bafariyya-t, human 
nature, humanity. 

(!*£*) n. and iv. hasten (n. and a.). 

(£■£*) ba si', a, inf. baia', basd'a-t, 
have a foul breath, bad or in- 
sipid taste ; be ugly, disgusting, 
hateful ; be too narrow (bed of 
a river) ; be not equal to (v» bi) 
a thing ; have horror or disgust 
of (oy min) ; — n. disfigure ; 
blacken, calumniate ; commit 
evil ; — v. be ugly, repulsive ; — 
x. find ugly, disgusting, <&c. ; be 
unsuccessful. 

g^j basi', ugly; having a bad taste; 
stale and insipid ; smelling 
badly; objectionable, shocking ; 



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who eats or does bad things; 
knotty, f . S ; — S bas'a'at, pelican. 

(£•*■*) pass, bus'ig, inf. basg, be 
watered by a drizzling rain ; — 
iv. water by a drizzling rain. 

£-** badg, drizzling rain. 

(<JM*) basaq, I, inf. bas'q; — bas'iq, 
a, inf. baiaq, beat with a stick ; 
strain one's look ; — baiaq, not 
be able to proceed any further. 

(csU*) bafak, u, inf. bate, do badly 
or precipitately, bungle ; sow 
with large stitches ; lie ; cut ; 
loosen the tether of a camel ; 
mix ; urge on ; walk fast ; step 
lightly ; — viii. lie ; be cut off ; 
disparage ; run fast. 

*&** bate, precipitation ; lie ; 
cutting off ; — bate, baiah, 
swiftness; see (***-**). 

,J\£&* butedniyy, stupid; gibber- 
ing ; not knowing Arabic. 

^M bas'aha, swift, agile. 

( J^) baslal, inf. S , bring a thing 
or a person into confusion; — 
ii. be in confusion (m.) ; — S 
baslala-t, confusion. 

(/***) baiim, a, inf. basam, suffer 
from indigestion ; loathe ; — iv. 
cause indigestion ; — vn. (m.) 

f*&* baiam, indigestion, oppres- 
sion of the stomach; — basim, 
suffering from indigestion, 
loathing, over-eaten. 

UU-A* bismdt, biscuit, rusk. 

(j**) basd, u, inf. basw, be of 
excellent disposition. 

;jA* buiur, joyful tidings, inf. of 

J*y** batiti, friendly, smiling. 

j*£* basir, $ , pi. busard\ bust, 
messenger of good news ; beau- 
tiful, handsome. 

yft*-** baii4, brisk and sprightly; 
— $ baii&a~t, one's own money ; 
one's own things. 

$M bafty ugly ; smelling badly ; 
repulsive ; reprobate, abject, 
Ac. 

(go*) bass, i, inf. bast?, shine, 



glitter ; give (little) ; exude ; — 
ii. show the first vegetation ; 
open the eyes for the first 
time; caress, coax; — iv. inf. 
basds, exude; show the first 
vegetation. 

l*» bis-an, bisd', castration. 

jW bisdr, inf. in. of (^>) ; — 
bassdr, who looks sharply ; 
soothsayer ; — S bisdra-t, insight. 

^t»j bassos, having flashing eyes ; 
— S bassdsa-t, eye; (m.) spy, 
watch, sentinel, vedette. 

v5^) basdq, spittle ; a species of the 
palm-tree ; a kind of camel. 

JW bassdl, seller of onions. 

(<$W) busdn, bussdn, pi. -at and 
dbsina-t, month of Rabi* II. 

jjpl**) basbds, 8, quick, swift ; 
agile ; little water ; bread ; 
grass- fibre ; al-basbds, milk. 

(yoj-oj) basbas, inf. S, reflect, 
reverberate ; show the first vege- 
tation ; walk fast ; wag the tail ; 
caress; open the eyes for the 
first time ; (m.) wink with (^ 
fi) the eyes. 

yj>p*i basbus, pupil of the eye (m.). 

(j*0 basir, A, inf. basar ; — basur, 
inf. basdra-t, bisdra-t, perceive, 
see, recognise (v bi) ; — n. cause 
to see or recognise, show ; reveal 
secrets ; instruct ; open the eyes ; 
cut ; dissect and loosen from the 
bones ; cut off the head ; go to 
Bassorah ; — in. vie, who sees, 
perceives, recognises first; look 
out from on high; — iv. look, 
whether one can perceive or 
recognise ; perceive (^» bi) ; be 
distinct, recognisable ; have any- 
thing cut into pieces ; go to 
Bassorah ; — v. look, whether 
one can perceive ; see distinctly, 
recognise ; look at, contemplate, 
reflect ; understand ; see through 
secrets ; — vi. see or try to see . 
each other; pretend to see or 
recognise ; — x. observe atten- 
tively, try to recognise, recog- 
nise ; be seen, recognised, 



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e* 



y* basar, seeing, eight; pi. absdr, 
what appears to the eye, spec- 
tacle, sight ; eye ; discernment ; 
intelligence ; j+J\ i}~ salautu-'l- 
basar-i, prayer of morning and 
evening, dusk ; — basr, skin ; 
inf. of ( *-»*) ; — foisr, skin ; rind, 
crust ; edge, border ; cottou ; — S 
basra-t, bisra-t, basara-t, bisara-t, 
Bassorah ; aUbasratdn, Bassorah 
and Koufah ; — ^ basriyy, of or 
from Bassorah. 

V* busard, pi. of «-* basir, q.v. 

0-0= M. ^ ' 

(&*) basa 1 , a, inf. bas 1 , gather, 
take with one's self ; flow, 
stream ; — n. come forth in 
drops. 

£** bas', small crevice; span be- 
tween thumb and middle finger ; 
thick cloth ; — bis 1 , beginning of 
the night; — bus 1 , pi. of absa € , 
whole, all ; stupid ; — drops of 
perspiration, pi. of g*-> basi\ 

\**) bas'd', f. of g-tf absa', stupid ; 
whole, all. 

G>°0 basaq, v, inp. basq, spit. 
J**) basal, 5 , onion, bulb. 

J*> bassal, and v. tabassal, skin, 
peel ; undress, rob of the 
clothes ; v. question, cross- 
examine. 

^ basm, interval, span between 
the third and little finger. 

(*** basam, inf. 8 , print upon (m. 
from Turk.); ^ &L. sd'a-t 
basam, repeating watch ; — 5 
basma-t, printing, mark ; printed 
pattern (on stuffs). 

(y*) basd, u, inf. basw, press a 
debtor, dun ; — S baswa-t, live 
coal, spark. 

jt*i basir, pi. busard', seeing, sharp- 
sighted, discerning, intelligent; 
God ; connoisseur ; — 5 basira-t, 
pi. basd'ir, look, sight; sagacity, 
penetration ; cautiousness, pru- 
dence ; opinion; tenet; demon- 
stration ; evidence ; meditation ; 
armour; shield. 



u**** bash, shining, brilliant ; 
splendour ; fright ; inf. of 

£*-* bast', pi. bus, drops of per- 
spiration. 

(u*0 badd (badad, badid), I, a, inf. 
bududa-t, be plump with delicate 
skin ; — I, inf. badd, badud, 
badid, flow slowly out, drip, 
ooze ; give sparingly ; tune the 
strings of an instrument; — n. 
be sof t and delicate ; — iv. give 
sparingly; — v. receive a debt 
by small instalments ; take 
everything from (ace.) ; — vin. 
sell one's self from need ; totally 
annihilate. 

u*} badd, S, plump with delicate 
skin ; small gift ; — also S badda-t, 
sour milk. 

(j^i^ buddbid, strong, brave. 

y^Uj biddd, wells or leathern bags 
with little water, pi. of <jAyA> 
badud ; — 8 baddda-t, plump with 
a delicate skin (girl) ; — buddda-t, 
little water. 

gU* bidd 1 , sexual intercourse ; — 
parts, portions, Ac, pi. of &u> 
bad'a-t; — S bidd'a-t, pi. badd'i', 
capital ; stock or share in trade ; 
merchandise ; price; present to 
the judge. 

q\* buddn, month of Eabi' II. 

<jM*-i* badbdd, coll. mushrooms. 

\jA+ \j&t bidr-an midr-an, shed un- 
avenged (blood). 

ly*H badra-t, vanities. 

</-** badad, little water. 

(£*) bada\ A, inf. bad 1 , cut off ; 
split, cleave ; shred, dissect, cut 
into pieces ; marry ; have sexual 
intercourse ; explain ; be clear, 
intelligible ; stick to the eye- 
lashes (tears) ; — inf. budu ( , 
understand ; be foiled ; — inf. 
bad 1 , badd\ budd { , be impreg- 
nated with water ; — n. cut off ; 
— in. Tnubuda'a-t, lie with a 
woman ; — iv. explain ; (two 
ace.) ; give in marriage ; invest 
a capital ; quench another's 



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thirst ; pledge with wine ; ex- 
plain or answer satisfactorily ; 

— v. perspire; (m.) buy goods, 
make purchases; — vn. be cut 
off ; — vjii. be clear, intelligible ; 
x. invest a capital ; traffic. 

g«** bad 1 , pi. of g*A} bad I* ; — bid', 
bad 1 , part of the night; part; 
small number of people, less 
than 20 (m. bad'a-t, f . bad') ; the 
numeral 7 ; — bud 1 , pudenda of 
a woman ; marriage-contract ; 
sexual intercourse ; divorce ; — 
8 bad l a4, bid'a-t, pi. bad 1 , bidti\ 
bidd 1 , part, portion ; piece, slice ; 

— bada'a-t, pi. of £*** badi 1 , 
cutting, sharp, &c, q.v. 

(*£U>) badah, I, inf. badh, cut off, 
lop. 

((+**) badam, u, inf. badm, grow 
thick in grain ; swell by degrees. 

(+H badm, soul, self. 

uAj-aj badud, pi. bidad, well or 
leathern bags with little water. 

dyH badah, sharp, cutting. 

O&s^l badid, inf. of (^) ; — * badi- 
da-t, little water ; drizzling rain ; 
plump and with a delicate skin ; 
property. 

£*4 badi 1 , pi. bad 1 , partner, asso- 
ciate ; flesh ; perspiration ; sea ; 
good water ; island. 

(W) baft, u, inf. baft, cut open ; — 
ii. trade with ducks and geese ; 
be enfeebled, low in health or 
circumstances; — iv. buy a small 
jug of oil. 

1* bat, for b&til, false, vain, de- 
lusive ; — ba(t, *, pi. bu( 1U9 
duck ; goose ; — S batfa-t, she- 
bear ; low bottle, flask, cup, 
pot ; calf of the leg. 

U* bufan, ^1 bu(\t, never; — 
bufiV, bifa, slowness; — pi. of 
<JW bafi', slow, lazy. 

C^W butdh, pleurisy ; — bitdh, pi. of 
VJa? ba(h«', q.v. ; — ^5 bu(<Viiyy, 
suffering from pleurisy. 

^Uo* bufdhiyy, stout, corpulent. 

jjVL} bufdriq, tall, long. 



v>U* baffdJ, brave, strong. 

J»U* batati, small casks, pi. of *«W 
batiyya-t. 

&U»* bifdqa-t, pupil of the eye ; 
price-mark ; pi. bafd'iq, letter. 

JUa? batfdl, lazy, idle ; trifling, toy- 
ing ; vain ; obsolete, abolished ; 
valiant hero; — 8 batdla-t, idle- 
ness; trifling (8.); (m.) holidays; 
furlough, leave of absence ; day 
of rest ; feast-day ; — bijdla-t, 
bravery ; see ( JW). 

(jjVSat bifun, pi. abtina-t, bu(an, girth; 
pi. batd'in, small ship; — pi. of 
C^ bafin, q.v. ; — 8 bi(dna-t, pi. 
bat d? in, inner side; lining; centre 
of a town, a country; true friend ; 
fidelitv ; secret. 

vjN* bafd'iq, pi. of fcU* batdqa-L 

(^ batd'in, pi. of glW bitdn, &U* 
bitdna-t. 

(WW) bafbat, inf. 8 , gabble, cackle; 
dive ; have a weak judgment; — 
8 ba(ba(a4, weak intellect. 

(^) bafah, throw one upon his 
face ; — 11. utrew with pebbles ; 

— in. floor in wrestling; — v. 
extend; overflow; — vi. wrestle; 

— vn. be thrown upon one's 
face ; lie down on one's face ; 
extend wide and far ; — x.=v.; 

— 8 batha-t, human frame; — 
bufha-t, true state or condition. 

VJa* bafhd*, pi. bifdh, broad pebble- 
bed ; open field ; valley of 
Mecca. 

(£**) batah t u, inf. bath, lick, lick 
at ; — iv. (see £&), have many 
melons. 

(£*) batar, u, inf. bafr, split, 
cleave, eut open (tumours) ; — 
batir, a, inf. bafar, be wanton; 
go beyond measure, do evil ; be 
intoxicated with good fortune ; 
despise ; — iv. perplex, put to 
confusion ; render overbearing ; 
(m.) be overbearing or insolent. 

jW batar, insolence; — batir, inso- 
lent, overbearing ; careless ; — 
bitr-an, shed with impunity 
(blood). 



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MJ* batrdka-t, patriarchate. 

t>\JW bafrdn, overbearing, insolent. 

(jj^O, ii. tabatraq, be stupid, in- 
solent; walk like a prancing 
horse ; — I bafruqa-t, pi. batdriq, 
melon. 

*dj°i bi(rak, batrak, bifarJc, patri- 
arch ; — batrak, inf. $ , be patri- 
arch. 

flfr bitrir, boisterous, impudent; 
persevering in error. 

vJMjkj bifriq, pi. bafdriq, bafdriqa-t, 
batdrtq, leader of 10,000 ; patri- 
arch (also c^^a? bafrtk, ^f^ 
batrairik, pi. ba(drik,ba(drika-t)] 
proud, fat ; — <Ji;lsj bi-fartq-i, by 
way of, in the manner, for the 
sake of. 

**&;W bafrtkiyya-t, patriarchate. 

ij^ bat as, a (also &£^ batsa-t), 
war-vessel. 

(lt^O haf a 6, h u> j nf. ba( s, seize, 
attack ; carry off by force ; 
recover from a fit of ague, 
although in a weak state ; (m.) 
act courageously ; — in. inf. 
mubd(asa-t 9 seize by force ; 
undertake, manage ; come to 
close quarters ; — iv. seize by 
force ; — v. drag one's self 
along with difficulty under a 
burden. 

{jS«W bat iS t strong, brave; — bats, 
power ; violence ; anger ; — S 
batja-t, power; superior power; 
violence ; battle ; day of judg- 
ment. 

((b) bafig, inf. batag, be stained. 

(JW) batal, u, inf. bud, but id, 
butldn, happen in vain, fail ; be 
repealed, abolished; — inf. bafa- 
la-t, jest; be idle; — baful, inf. 
bifdla-t, bufitl, butula-t, be brave, 
be a hero ; — n. render useless, 
repeal, abolish ; — iv. id. ; jest ; 
tell falsehoods ; — v. tell each 
other falsehoods ; be lazy ; be 
brave, be a hero ; (m.) be cele- 
brated (feast-day). 

Jl* bafal, & , pi. abtdl, brave, a 
hero ; given to jesting ; — buful, 



vanities, Ac, pi. of J1A? bdtil ; — 
bufl, idleness ; being in vain ; 
lie ; anything unfounded ; — S 
batala-t, pi. sorcerers. 

«y)Ma? battaldt, buffooneries; vani- 
ties. 

($&* butldn=J<») bufl ; inf. of 

(»• 

({&) bufm, bufum, turpentine tree ; 
granulous tumour. 

(e> ,a bat an, u, enter, penetrate, 
fathom; — inf. bain, strike on 
the belly; — inf. batn, batdn, 
be hidden, secret ; know ; be an 
intimate friend ; — inf. bitna-t, 
indulge the belly, be a glutton; 
pass, butin, have a belly-ache ; 

— bat in, inf. batan, batana-t, 
have a full belly ; — bafun, be 
big-bellied ; — n. strike on the 
belly ; (also iv.) line (clothes) ; 
tighten the girth of a camel ; — 
iv. hide, conceal ; choose for a 
confidant; — v. put under one's 
belly ; penetrate ; go right 
through ; be the inner part ; 

— vi. be distant; — vin. give 
birth ; — x. put anything under 
one's belly ; keep secret ; know 
accurately; penetrate into, try 
to fathom anything. 

C^o) batan, corpulence ; surfeit ; 
belly-ache ; — bafln, pi. btidn, 
big-bellied ; gluttonous ; rich ; 
low; — batn, pi. batan, bufnan, 
abtun, belly ; contents of the 
belly ; inner side of the sky ; 
river-bed ; esoteric meaning ; 
relations ; small tribe ; second 
degree of relationship ; — bufun, 
girth-leathers, pi. of ^U* bifdn; 

— * bitna-t, boisterous merri- 
ment ; overbearingness ; surfeit. 

yUaj butndn, bellies, <fcc, pi. of 

(jfo batn ; — pi. of ^k\* bdtin, 

interior, &c. 
(jW) bafu', u, inf. but', bifd', move 

slowly or lazily; detain; — n. 

render slow, delay (a.) ; — in. 

delay (n.), tarry; — iv. tarry; 

have slow beasts of burden ; 

17 



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130 



remain behind; detain, delay 
(a. v> hi) ; — v., vi. tarry, delay 
(n.) ; — consider slow or lazy ; 
find tardy. 

£* butu\ slowness, laziness. 

jy* bufU, foolery ; inf. of ( $*) ; 
— S butula-t, bravery, heroism; 
inf. of (J* *). 

J*t ba(i\ batiyy, pi. bifd*, slow, 
lazy, tardy; — S bifya-t, delay ; — 
batiyya-t, pi. batdtt, jug; small 
cask. 

l**h batiha-t, pi. bahVih, swamped 
pebble-ground ; large sheet of 
stagnating water. 

£j* bitjih, S , pi. batdtlh, melon, 
pumpkin ; — ^ hit(ihiyy, melon- 
seller. 

j<& bafir, split ; veterinary surgeon. 

u*^ bat ts, mighty, powerful. 

!o<jL* bafit, miracle ; lie ; calamity ; 

— S batifa-U bu(ayyita-t, white 
ant, termite; worm (in wood, 
&c). 

&<& bat In, bellied ; spacious ; rich ; 
full ; distant ; nick-name of Ali ; 

— butain, little belly; second 
moon station. 

(t>) bazz, u, inf. bazz, tune and 
touch the strings of an instru- 
ment ; exert one's self zealously ; 
excel ; — iv. grow fat. 

U* buz-an, buzd, fleshy parts. 

ijk* bizdra-t, smack of a kiss. 

&&} bazdza-t, queer fellow. 

(jk) bazir, a, inf. bazar, have a 
protuberance on the lips ; — n. 
circumcise (a girl). 

fr bazr, pi. buznr, clitoris ; finger- 
ring ; sealing-ring. 

tyi? bizr-an, unavenged (blood). 

^ bazram, sealing-ring ; — n. ta> 
bazram, inf. 5 , show the rings 
by moving about the hand. 

ij>fi bizrira-t, boisterous woman, 
(jk*) baza, u, inf. buzuww, be 
dense, solid, massy; — bazt, bazd, 
inf. baz, be fleshy. 

M* baziz, fat and soft. 

(C>) ba", i, inf. 6a", pour out in 



abundance ; — inf. 6a", 6aS?S 
remain in the same spot and 
rain (cloud) ; be importunate. 
£* 6a", abundant outpour. 
S**W ba'dbi'a-t, poor people. 
*M 6i'ad, inf. hi. of 0**0; — 

bu'dd, distant, far off. 
; U* bi'dr, inb. in. of 0*0 ; — bu'dr, 

lotu#. 
u-W bi'tU, lean camels, pi. of u*f* 

ba'th. 
gU> ba l d', household things, furni- 
ture ; travelling requisites; out- 
fit of a bride ; inf. of (#). 
jUj bu'dq, ba'uq, bi'dq, raining 
cloud ; waterspout ; first shower ; 
noise of a torrent. 
JU> bi'Jl, husbands, &c, pi. of 

J*l bn l l; inf. in. of (J*0- 
u J\»i ba'd'ie, lean camels, pi. of 

u-j** ba'fo. # 

(g**>) ba'ba', inf. S, follow quickly ; 

flee from battle. 
£**) ba l ba l , gurgling of water; 
prime of youth ; — S bu'ba'a-t, 
glibness of tongue ; flight from 
the battle-field. 
(e-*j) ba'as, A, inf. ba's, send; 
loosen ; urge on ; awaken ; raise 
the dead ; follow on one's heels ; 

— ba'is, a, inf. 6a'af, be awake, 
wake ; — v. proceed from ; -— vn. 
id. ; be sent ; be awakened ; issue, 
proceed from ; spread (n.) ; de- 
part ; — viii. send. 

o~*> ba'as, army ; — ba'is, vigi- 
lant ; — ba l s, pi. ±>f! 1>n l it$ f 
detached army ; ^^^ ft yaumu- 
'l-ba's, day of resurrection ; inf. 
of (J-*j) ; — $ ba'sa-t, message ; 

— bi'sa-t, mission (of a prophet); 
detachment. 

(y^) ba'sar, inf. 5 , throw topsy- 
turvy, "rummage, overturn ; take 
out, uncover and examine; look 
for, seek; put goods into order; 

— S ba'sara-t, confusion ; dirt- 
colour ; dirt. 

U*j bu'snt, bn'sutt ; ^r** & W V'.'» P*- 
ba'dsif, middle, centre ; navel. 



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<3*> 



(«J*"0 ba'saq, inf. S , flow out ; — 
v. break through. 

(©**) ha'ajy A, inf. ta'J, split, slit ; 
torment ; (m.) emboss, cover 
with raised ornamental work ; 

— II. split, slit; furrow; (m.) 
break into pieces; — v.=vn. ; 

— vi. be distant, far off ; — vn. 
split (n.), be split ; burst, (m.) 
be embossed ; — x. be distant 
(n.), consider far. 

%*i baHj, walking slowly or with 
difficulty. 

(»**0 ba'ud, inf. bu 'd, be far, 
distant ; die ; — ba'id, A, inf. 
ba'ad, be distant ; perish ; — n. 
remove to a distance (a.) ; keep 
far, distant ; — hi. inf. Wad, 
mubd'ada-t, remove (a.), render 
distant ; be distant, far ; keep 
distant ; remove (n.) ; be far 
away; — iv. render or be dis- 
tant ; be extreme ; destroy ; — 
vi. be far from each other ; 
abandon each other ; — vm. 
remove (n.) ; abandon ; — x. 
consider far, find too far; re- 
move to a distance. 

•*•* ba'd, after, afterwards, later; 
5j£r a** ba'da bukrat-in, the day 
after to-morrow ; a** U\ ammd 
ba'd, but then, phrase of transi- 
tion from the beginning of a 
letter, &c, to the chief matter ; 

— bu'd, distance ; absence ; 
death ; interval ; aJ W> bu'd-an 
la-hu, away with him ! J** ^ 
zu bu'd, seeing far, cautious, 
prudent ; — ba 'ad, distant ; value- 
less; distance, going to a dis- 
tance ; death ; — baHd, distant ; 
dying; — bu'ad, utility; •*** y>£ 
gair bu'ad, useless ; — bu'ud, and 
w«* bn'add, q\**i bn'ddn, pi. of 
Aa** ba'id, far distant ; — S 
bu'da- t, pi. bu'ad, distance ; not 
being related. 

(j«U») ba'zar, inf. bizdraA, move ; 

shake; damage one's honour, 

disparage. 
(f*) ba'ar, a, inf. ft ba'r, drop 



excrement ; — ba'ir, a, inf. ba'ar, 
grow five years old (camel) ; — 
11., iv. empty the bowels* 

fi ba'r, ba'ar, S , pi. ab'ar, glo- 
bular dung of animals ; — ba'r, 
deepest poverty ; bait ; — 8 
ba'ra-t, wrath (of God); — ba'ra-t 
and ba'ara-t, globular excre- 
ment ; — ba'ara-t, gland of the 
penis. 

<£f* bu'rdn, camels, &c, pi. of 
;-*> ba'ir. 

(u^Oj n - taba'ras, quiver (lopped 
limb). 

(v3j*0 ba'zaq, inf. s , disperse ; dis- 
sipate ; — S ba'zaqa-t, dissipa- 
tion. 

(u**0 ba'?, leanness, thinness ; 
movement, motion ; — v. taba'as, 
move (n.). 

(ijo-a*?), 11. taba'sas, move (n.). 

<je>j-a*j ba'asfh, bu'sih, thin, mobile ; 
hip-bone. 

(<j±*i), pass, bu'id, be molested by 
flies ; — 11. dissect, divide ; — 
iv. abound in flies ; — v. be dis- 
sected, divided. 

<j**> ba'd, pi. ab'dd, part, portion; 
some ; sundry, a certain ; in 
repetition ; each other, recipro- 
cal ; — S ba'ida-t, abounding in 
flies. 

(J***)), 11. taba'dad, try to catch 
one another. 

L*y&*i ba'duda4, an insect. 

(!sif) ba'aU a, inf. ba'f, slaughter, 
kill ; exceed all bounds in dis- 
graceful behaviour ; — iv. id. ; 
speak otherwise than intended, 
blunder in speech ; exceed one's 
power ; cause one to spend 
beyond his means; go far; re- 
move to a distance (a.) ; escape 
(slave). 

la** ba'ti infamy. 

(<3*0 ba'aq, u, inf. bu'dq, groove, 
furrow ; — inf. ba'q, slaughter ; 
uncover ; dig a well ; (m.) em- 
boss ; — 11. split ; slaughter ; — 
v. be slaughtered ; — v., vn. 
empty itself with violent rain 



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(cloud) ; — vn. surprise, attack 
suddenly ; speak precipitately ; 
(m.) be embossed. 

(U**0 bu'quf, small ; dwarf. 

»)p*i bu'qut, dwarfish. 

(«tV*j) ba'ak, u, inf. ba'k, strike 
arm or leg with the sword. 

«tU» ba l akj thickness; roughness; 
spasm. 

(j***) ba'kar, inf. S , cut off. 

ij£»* bu'kuk, 5 , impression from 
sitting or lying; place of as- 
sembly; bu'htika-t, heat ; middle; 
crowd. 

\£j£*t ba'kukd', calamity ; noise, 
tumult. 

(J*0 ba'al, A, inf. bu'ida-t (ba'nl, 
inf. ba'dla-t), be a husband or 
a wife ; refuse ; — ba'il, a, inf. 
ba'al, not know what one is 
doing from confusion ; — inf. 
bi'dl, mnbd'ala-t, lie or sport 
with one's wife; take a hus- 
band ; intermarry ; sit down by 
the side of another; — v. be 
obedient to one's husband, adorn 
one's self for him ; take a hus- 
band ; — vi. sport with one's 
wives ; — vin.=v. ; — x. take 
for a wife (J U) ; be situated on 
high ; suffice to one's self. 

J** ba'al, inf. of (J*t) ; — &a'<7, S, 
distracted in mind; (m.) dry; 
— ba'l, pi. bi'dl, ba'nl, bu'iila-t, 
husband ; wife ; master, lord ; 
the idol Baal ; burden ; rising 
ground ; palm-tree ; — $ ba'la-t, 
wife, mistress (of the house, 
&c). 

**M** ba'labakk, ba'albakk, Balbek 
in Syria. 

s^?)l** ba'ahabnb, Belzebub. 

<J*i ba'liyy, watered by rain only ; 
(m.) dry ; weak. 

(v-j*)) ba'nas, inf. S , grow mean 
(by serving, &c). 

(j***) ba'nas, a stupid female 
slave. 

i\&i*i ba'naqdt, having sharp claws. 

(yq) ba'd, a, i, u, inf. ba'w, act 
unjustly, sin ; borrow or lend 



each other ; win in the game 
of dice ; injure by the evil 
eye ; cause misfortune to any- 
body ; — iv. lend one's horse to 
another ; — x. lend mutually. 

j*t ba'w, transgression; anything 
borrowed. 

{j*j*i ba'us, pi. bi'ds, ba'd* is, lean 
milkless she-camel. 

<>j** ba'ud, S , fly, gnat. 

*****) ba'is, sent. 

£**» ba'ij, woman with many chil- 
dren ; flowing abundantly. 

*t*t ba'id, pi. bu'ud, bu'add', bu'ddn, 
far, distant ; scarcely related ; 
jjAH jk0*t ba'idu^l-gaur-i, unfa- 
thomably deep ; — bu'aid, in a 
little distance, soon after. 

jt*i ba'ir, bi'tr, pi. ab'ira-t, abd'ir, 
abd'ir, bu'rdn, bi'rdn, camel nine 
(or four) years old; beast of 
burden; ass. 

<J**> ba'iq, cry ; cracking. 

,»«** ba'hn, false god, idol. 

(£0 bagg, u, inf. bagg, heave, swell ; 
become agitated. 

& bugg, & » small camel. 

U* bigd\ bugd', see (^i) ; — 5 btigd-t, 
pi. of <JkV* bdgl, passionate, re- 
bellious, &c. 

*i>U» bagdsj bigds, bugd*, pi. big fan, 
a kind of vulture ; chough ; 
small birds. 

SjjUj bagddida-t, people of Bagdad, 
pi. of ^*>\aAj bagdddiyy. 

&±Uj bagdda-t, hatred. 

JUj bigdl, mules, pi. of J*t bagl ; 
— baggdl, muleteer. 

5jV*i bagdwa-t, rebellion, insurrec- 
tion. 

\*U* bagdyd, pi. of ^ bagiyy, S 
bagiyya-t, q.v. 

SjU} bugdya-t, desired things; — 
bi-gdya-t, in the extreme ; ex- 
tremely ; very much ; exceed- 
ingly. 

(£♦*>) bugbvg, full well. 

£**l bagbag, inf. S , roar ; snore ; 
tread, tread down. 

jp*t bvgbnr, bagbi'tr, altar for sacri- 
fice ; emperor of China. 



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o*» 



(o-^) bagat, a, inf. bagt, happen 
unexpectedly ; fall upon ; — in. 
fall upon suddenly. 

«**** bagt, what happens unex- 
pectedly ; — S bagta-i, unexpected 
occurrence ; surprise, sudden 
attack, invasion ; bagiat-av, sud- 
denly. 

(«^**) bag is, A, inf. bagas, have 
black spots (white bird) ; — iv. 
come on soft ground ; make 
lavish expenditure ; — ix. e^\ 
ibgass, inf. ibgisds=zj. ; — $ 
bagsa-t, slight rain ; — bvysa-t, 
black spotted with white, or 
vice versa. 

^*) bagsn, white with black spots ; 
mixed multitude. 

C)Ua? bigsdn, pi. of *±>U> bogus. 

(/*i) bagsar, inf. $ , be wickedly 
and passionately disposed ; be 
agitated ; separate ; =( r u?) ; 
— ii. tabagsar, be wickedly dis- 
posed. 

j**i bagsar, stupid ; troublesome ; 
unwholesome ; big and awkward 
(camel) ; weak ; — S bagsara-t, 
commotion, confusion ; villany, 
vileness ; separation, dispersion. 

j^jAj bag dad (S\i*i bagzdz, S\±*i 
bagddz), Bagdad; — n. tabagdad, 
go to Bagdad ; — ^ bagdddiyy, 
of or from Bagdad ; pi. baga- 
dida~t, native or inhabitant of 
Bagdad. 

(j^jA* bagdan, ^JA* bagdin, Bagdad. 

(ykj) bagar, a, inf. bugnr, set and 
cause rain (constellation) ; — 
inf. bagr, rain heavily, water 
the ground with rain ; also 
bagir, A, inf. bagar, diink and 
not become satiated, but ill 
(camel). 

yk* bagr, bagar, $, violent down- 
pour; inf. of (;*») ; — 5 bagra-t, 
what has been sown after rain ; 
annual gift. 

(>*0 bagaz, a, inf. bagz, beat, 
kick ; put into lively motion. 

ykj bagz, lively motion ; vivacity ; 
vehemence. 



(cr*0 ha gas, a, inf. bags, drop a 
slight rain (sky) ; run crying up 
to his mother (child) ; pene- 
trate. 

<jr>±) bags, S , fine rain. 

(u**0 bagad, u, bagid, a, bagud, u, 
inf. bagada~t, be hateful ; (m.) 
hate ; — bagid, look at with 
anger ; — n. inf. tabgid, render 
hateful ; hated ; — iv. inf. ibgdd, 
hate; — v. inf. tabaggud, show 
hatred; — vi. inf. tabdgud, hate 
one another; — vn. inf. imbignd, 
be hated. 

(ji*j bugd, hatred ; — \ bagdd', $ 
bigda-t, violent hatred, wrath. 

(J*?) bagl, f . S , pi. bigdl, mabgnhV, 
mule ; — & bagla-t, (m.) counter- 
fort, buttress. 

J*» bagal, A, inf. bagl, insult other 
people's children ; — n. inf. 
tabgtl, id. ; walk slowly ; have 
the walk of a mule. 

((***) bagam, A, i, u, inf. bugdm, 
bugum, call fondly for her young 
ones (gazelle, &c.) ; cry out, 
call ; express one's meaning 
indistinctly ; — in. inf. mubd- 
gama-t, speak in a soft tone ; — 
v. inf. tabaggum=.i. 

l**i bagam, secret talk ; — S bagma-t, 
soft call of a camel ; — bugma-t, 
pi. bugam, pearl necklace (m.). 

(g^Aj), n. inf. tabagnvj, coquet- 
tishness. 

(j*») bag> A i, u, inf. bagw, look at, 
regard, contemplate. 

j*» bagw, observation ; — baguivw 
=o** bagiyy, q.v. ;—-l bagwa-t, 
unripe date ; opening palm- 
blossom. 

jj** bugnr, setting (of the stars). 

(•yt? bag am, crying out, calling. 

(c5*0 bagd, i, inf. bogy, transgress ; 
exercise violence and injustice; 
commit fornication ; walk proudly 
and swiftly ; rain heavily ; swell 
and suppurate ; look at, regard, 
observe and expect ; — inf. bagd, 
bag-an, bugya-t, bigya-t, seek, wish 



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for, desire ; — in. inf. bigd\ 
mubdgdt, treat unjustly ; op- 
press ; contend ; fornicate ; seek, 
desire ; — iv. inf. ibgd 1 , seek for 
another, help to seek ; — v. inf. 
tabaggi, seek, desire; observe 
and expect; — vi. inf. tabdgi, 
transgress against each other ; 
— vn. inf. imbigcV, vin. inf. 
ibtigd', be easy, desirable, con- 
venient ; vin. and x. inf. 
istibgd 9 , seek, desire ; x. cause to 
demand or desire. 

^3*? bagy, transgression, injustice, 
outrage, injury; heavy rain; — 
bagiyy, unjust ; striving eagerly, 
observing strictly ; pi. bagdyd, 
whore, adultress ; — 5 bigya-t, 
bug y a 4, wish, desire; anything 
wished for or sought ; — bagiy- 
ya-t y pi. bagdyd, id. ; outpost, 
van- guard. 

t)W** bugydn, pi. of ^^ bdyi, de- 
sirous, &c. 

£«*) bugaibig, little well. 

^*** bagts, wheat. 

jt*i bagtr, ill from thirst (camel). 

<j>t*i bag id, hateful ; enemy. 

(<3?) baqq, u, inf. baqq, give 
abundantly ; rain abundantly ; 
show pride ; spread, strew out ; 
dissipate; split, tear; begin to 
bloom ; give birth to many 
children ; — inf. baqq, baqdq t 
importune by talk ; — (m.) blot 
(as paper) ; — n. inf. tabaqbuq, 
disperse, dissipate ; — iv. inf. 
ibqdq, have many children ; im- 
portune by talk ; do abundantly 
good or evil to anybody ; pro- 
duce grass or food ; bring forth 
weak young ones. 

,3* baqq, *, fly; hug; --baqq, 
woman with many children ; 
& ^ laqq baqq, talkative, gar- 
rulous ; — ijh^k bVUbuqq, in vain 

Vfi? baqd*, continuance, duration 

jV# baqqdr t breeder of oxen ; black- 
smith ; — bvqqdr, COWS, pi. of 



jjjfi? baqra-t; — ^ buqqdra, lie; 
calamity; — baqqdriyy, cudgel. 

fVfij biqd', places, &c, pi. of 4*5? 
buq l a-t, baq'a-t. 

J^ baqdq, things of little value, 
sweepings ; inf. of (tjt) ; also 
S baqdqa-t, talkative, garrulous. 

jVfij baqdl, S , bringing forth plenty 
of vegetables ; — baqqdl, green- 
grocer, grocer, oil-merchant ; 
inn-keeper ; — I baqdla4, green 
or kitchen garden. 

&»to* baqdma-t, of weak intellect; 
coarse wool or flax ; offal. 

SjVa* baqdwa-t, inf. of (o**). 

^ baqdyd, remains, &c, pi. of 
M? baqiyya-t. 

v3W$ baqbdq, mouth. 

(v3**0 baqbaq, inf. S , gurgle, water 
flowing out from a narrow- 
mouthed vessel, or boiling; coo 
(dove) ; chatter ; (m.) swell ; 
bubble ; have blisters ; — S 
baqbaija-t, gurgling of water; 
blister. 

fcjA baqbiiqa-t, bubble ; blister 
(m.). 

(u>#) baqat, u, inf. baqt, stir up. 

(e-A?) baqas, u, inf. baqs, stir up, 
bring into confusion. 

A^aj buqja-t, bundle, parcel ; knap- 
sack. 

(e*0 baqah=.(&) (m.) ; — n. inf. 
iubqlh, soil;— v. inf. iabaqqnh, 
be soiled ; — S baqha-t, stain. 

t^jAfi* baqdnnae, parsley. 

(/*?) baqar, A, inf. baqr, split, 
cleave ; enlarge ; seek know- 
ledge ; look out for water and 
find it ; know another's circum- 
stances, try to know them; — 
baqlr, A, inf. baqr, baqar, be 
scarcely able to see ; be tired ; 
rejoice at the sight of ; — v. 
inf. tabaqqur, be extensive, rich ; 
stay in a town or village while 
one's people are outside ; — vin. 
inf. ibtiqdr, get split, cleft ; split 

yb baqar, pi. buqur, abdqir, ox, head 
of cattle ; — buqar, lie ; calamity ; 



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d» 



— S baqara-t, pi. baqar, buqur, 
baqar at, bawdqir, buqqdr, ubqur, 
cow ; ox ; — <.$ baqariyy, of cattle, 
referring to cattle. 

Wy^ baqrd), Hippocrates. 

(j** 2 * baqs, <j~ f ~ &! baqsis, box-tree. 

LU~$ baqsimdf, biscuit, rusk. 

(La*) &a<#, furniture ; diversion, 
amusement ; tenure for a part 
of the produce. 

(Jaa>), II - INr - tobqif, ascend a moun- 
tain ; walk swiftly ; talk quickly ; 
silence by scolding; disperse; 
(m.) hasten ; give to eat in small 
quantities ; — v. inf. tabaqquf, 
receive news piecemeal ; take 
food in small quantities. 

h^i buqturiyya-t, an ample white 
garment. 

(C*0 baqa*, inf. ba q*, go ; pass, be 
abused; — baqV, A. inf. baqa ( , 
be spotted (white and black) ; 
be satisfied with little ; be void 
of (tf* min) ; be wet in some 
places and stained ; — n. inf. 
tabqi', go anywhere ; spot white 
and black ; stain ; — v. inf. 
tabaqqu', be wetted, sprinkled 
in some places ; be spotted ; — 
vii. inf. imbiqd', walk fast; — 
vin. inf. ibtiqd 1 , change (colours, 

n.). 

gfij baqa', spottedness ; — * baq'a-t, 
pi. buqa\ spot, stain ; — buq'a-t, 
baq'a-t, pi. buqa', biqd', place; 
spot ; low ground with water ; 
building. 

Ua* baq'd 1 , spotted, f . of gM abqa 1 . 

q\*Bi buq'dn, pi. Ethiopian slaves. 

(Ja?) baqal, u, inf. baql, appear, 
push (as a plant, a tooth) ; 
make to sprout ; get green ; 
gather food ; — inf. buqul, begin 
to grow a beard ; — n. inf. tabqll, 
cause to sprout, to push ; keep 
one's animals well ; — iv. inf. 
ibqdl, push forth (a.); get green; 
begin to grow a beard ; bring to 
light, show openly ; pasture (a.) ; 

— v. inf. tabaqqul, fetch food ; 
pasture (n.); — vn. inf. imbiqdl, 



pasture (n.); — vm. inf. ibtiqdl, 
pasture (n. and a.). 

J$ baql, 8 , pi. buqul, vegetables, 
cabbage, greens, beans, &c. ; 
jU>S\ dXai baqlatu-'Lansdr-i, cauli- 
flower; &j±A\ *M ahbaqlatu-l- 
mubdraka-t, endive ; — buql> spring 
herbs. 

S^a* baqldwa-t, almond cake (m.). 

(lt^j) baqlaS, inf. S , and n. inf. 
tabaqlus, be covered with blisters ; 
form (into blisters). 

(^$) baqim, A, inf. baqam, get ill 
from eating the plant 'unzuwdn. 

(& baqqam, Brasil wood ; a tree 
with a red colouring wood ; — n. 
inf. tabqim, dye red. 

(j*t) baqd, u, inf. baqdwa-ty look 
upon, regard ; expect ; inf. 
baqw, baqwa-t, baqdwa-t, protect, 
preserve ; — S baqwa-t, inf. of 
(t^ 2 *) ; — <.$ baqwa, bnqwa, re- 
mainder; what has been left 
or preserved ; what remains 
alive ; life. 

(<ja») baql, a, inf. baqd 9 , baq-an, 
baqy, remain, endure, survive ; 
continue ; — inf. baqy, look at 
or upon, regard ; observe ; — inf. 
baqwa-t, protect, preserve; — n. 
inf. tabqiya-t, render lasting, 
cause to remain ; leave ; pre- 
serve alive ; — in. inf. mubd- 
qiya-t, fight another for the 
preservation of one's life ; — iv. 
inf. ibqd\ let remain, cause to 
last, preserve alive ; spare ; fail 
to destroy entirely ; — v. inf. 
tabaqqi, preserve alive ; remain 
alive ; be left ; — vi. inf. tabdqt, 
remain alive one and the other ; 
— vn. inf. imbiqd', be left, 
preserved ; — x. inf. istibqd, 
preserve alive ; spare ; leave 
part of a thing ({$* min) ; — I 
baqiyya-t, pi. baqdyd, remainder, 
rest, surplus ; life ; sparing, pre- 
servation. 

^A baqyd=^^ baqwa, bvqwa,q.v. 

j*'*> baqir, $ baqlra-t, under-garment 
without sleeves. 



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gtA &a^', place with roots of trees ; 

— S baqVa-t, fields. 
J**» 6ag£J, 3 , producing greens ; — 
S baqila-t, soup of vegetables ; — 
buqaila-t, small cabbage-plant. 
(*s^) &a&&, u, inf. bakk, bakka-t, 
tear, break into pieces; sepa- 
rate ; spoil ; press, urge ; break 
one's head ; humiliate ; grow 
poor ; (m.) vomit ; -*- vi. inf. 
tabdkk, be pressed upon each 
other, press one another in a 
throng. 
\*4 bihV, she-camels with little 
milk, pi. of Jb baki' ; — bukd, 
crying, inf. of (<j*0 ; 7- bakhV, 
who cries much; having little 
milk ; — S bukdt, pi. of ^V* bdki, 
crying, weeping. 
**^ bukdbik, lively, sprightly. 
j£* bikdr, young she-camels, pi. of 
*fi bakra-t; — 3 bakdra-t, biht- 
ra-t, virginity ; — young camels, 
pi. of fi bakr. 
&*K* bukdma-t, dumbness. 
^^ bukkdn, pi. of <*M abakk, 

strenuous, &c. 
jkjf* bakdwlr, pi. of S^ , bearing 

early fruit, &c. 
\^ bakdyd, she-camels with little 

milk, pi. of &**» bakVa-t. 
(etX***) bakbak, inf. 5, throw one 
thing upon another ; turn topsy- 
turvy ; press (n.) ; come and go ; 
move, shake ; lick, 
(o^) bakat, u, inf. bakt, beat, 
strike ; receive with anything 
unpleasant ; — 11. inf. tabkit, 
scold ; reproach ; chide ; up- 
braid ; silence by arguments; 
— v. inf. tabakkut, be scolded ; 
have qualms of conscience, re- 
morses, 
(y^) bakar, u, inf. bukiir, happen 
early in the morning ; rise early ; 
do anything or come early in 
the morning; — bakir, a, inf. 
bakar, hasten; — 11. inf. tabkir, 
rise, set out, do anything, come 
early in the morning ; anticipate; 
come in time for the beginning 



of prayer; do anything too early ; 
cause to rise or to come early ; 

— in. inf. mvbdkara-t, come 
early in the morning ; — iv. 
inf. ibkdr, id. ; hasten to come 
early ; cause to come early ; 
anticipate ; water the cattle 
early in the morning ; — v. inf. 
tabakkur, anticipate ; — viii. inf. 
ibtikdr, rise early ; come early ; 
come at the beginning of the 
sermon ; eat the first fruit ; be 
the first to do anything; deflower; 
give first birth to a boy. 

^ bakar, morning ; haste, hurry ; 

— bakir, bakur, who rises or 
does anything early ; — bakr, 
bnkr, S , pi. abkur, bakrdn, bikdr, 
bikdra-t, bakdra-t, young camel ; 

— bikr, pi. akbdr, virgin, maiden; 
first-born ; having given birth or 
produced fruit for the first time ; 
what has never been before ; 
spring-cloud heavy with rain ; 
/* by* darbat bikr, deadly stroke ; 

— bnkr, pi. of yf* bakur, j<& 
bakir, bearing early fruit; — S 
bakra-t, pi. bikdr, young she- 
camel ; troop, number of people ; 

— bakra-t, bakara-t, pi. bakar, 
bakardt, pulley ; water-wheel ; 
wheel ; troop ; bakardt, rings of 
a dagger- belt ; — bikra-t, virgin ; 

— bukra-t, pi. bukar, early morn- 
ing ; bukrat-an, early in the 
morning ; (m.) to-morrow ; ba'da 
bukrat-in, the day after to- 
morrow. 

G& bakraj (e/j baqraj), can, tank- 
ard (Turk). 

i3y£i bikriyy, virginal. 

( u ^) bakas, u, inf. baks, over- 
come, vanquish an enemy. 

tj^ bakas, u, inf. bakS, loosen the 
tethers of a camel. 

(g£j) baka 1 , a, inf. bak', receive 
with anything unpleasant ; scold 
into silence ; beat violently and 
repeatedly in different places ; 
cut ; give the whole ; go any- 



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where; — n. inf. tabki', scold 
into silence ; cut into pieces. 

*aX** bukuk, pi. vigorous fellows; 
frisky donkeys. 

(J^O bakal, u, inf. bakl, mix; 
prepare the dish bakilat; speak 
confusedly ; — n. inf. tabkil, 
mix ; pass. buJckil bi-hi, he is 
hand and glove with him ; (m.) 
buckle; button; — v. inf. ta- 
bakkul, conquer and make booty; 
offer one thing for sale against 
another ; get the better of (ace. 
or i J& *ala) by scolding and 
beating ; get confused in speak- 
ing ; walk haughtily ; — viii. 
inf. ibtikdl, carry off as a booty. 

J£* bakal, bakl, booty, plunder; 
bakl, mixture, confusion ; — a 
bikla-t, nature, form, site ; — 
bikla-t, hukla-t, pi. bikal, bukal, 
bikldt, buckle (m.). 

((A) bakim, A, inf. haJcam, bakd- 
ma-t, be dumb ; — hokum % inf. 
bakdma-t, be obstinately silent ; 
abstain from sexual intercourse ; 
— v. fb&\ aJlc j*£-J tabakkam 
l ale-hi al-kaldm, he speaks with 
difficulty. 

{& bakam, dumbness ; — bukm, pi. 
of (&\ abkam, dumb. 

£)U£f bukmdn, pi. of j*^ hakim, 
dumb. 

jj£* hakur, pi. bukr, bearing early 
fruit (date-tree) ; early fruit ; 
first spring-rain ; — hukur, inf. 

. of 0*>- . 

hjj** bukuriyya-t, primogeniture. 

(o^O baka, i, inf. buk-an, bukd*, 
weep; inf. bukd', weep over, 
lament (ace.) ; sing ; — n. inf. 
tabka, tibkd*, weep violently ; 
inf. tabkiyat, cause to weep ; 
weep, lament ; — in. vie in 
weeping; — iv. inf. ibkd', cause 
to weep ; push to extremes ; — 
vi. force one's self to weep ; — 
vii. be induced to weep ; — vin. 
cause to weep. 

ij&i bakiyy, who weeps easily ; a 
little ; — bukiyy, pi. of ^k bdki, 



weeping ; — bakf, & , hakCa-i, 
pi. bikd\ bakuyd, she- camel with 
little milk. 

jA baktr, $ bakira-t, pi. bukr, buka- 
wir=j)£) baknr, q.v. ; — bikkir, 
very early. 

J*£? bakil, neat ; careful ; — $ 
bakila-t (&\£i bakdla-t), dish of 
flour, dates, <fec. ; mixed herd ; 
plunder,, booty ; nature, con- 
dition, state. 

(*& bakhn, pi. bukmdn, deaf; 
dumb, silent. 

(JO ball, u, inf. ball, billa-t, wet, 
sprinkle ; — inf. hall, hildl, 
benefit one's relatives, be on 
good terms with them ; bless 
anyone (ace.) with (ace. or ^> 
bi) ; drop ; sow (the ground) ; 

— inf. hall, hulnl, balal, recover ; 

— inf. ball, be given to, infatu- 
ated with (v> hi) ; go, travel ; — 
inf. bulul, blow damp and cold ; 
escape; — balil, a, inf. balal, 
vanquish, conquer ; know ; bo 
quarrelsome, oppressive, im- 
pious ; undergo great calamity ; 
be always by one's side ; — 
balil, inf. balal, baldla-t, bulul, 
and balal, inf. bultll, be infatu- 
ated, in love with (y> bi) ; inf. 
also billa-t, balla-t, be wet, 
moist ; — disperse (n.) ; — n. 
inf. tablil, wet through, water ; 

— iv. inf. ibldl, escape ; recover; 
bear fruit ; wander in the desert ; 
drop, drip ; go ; travel ; be ma- 
licious and mischievous ; van- 
quish ; refuse ; be unwilling ; 
be absent, hidden ; — v. inf. 
taballul, scratch the ground ; — 
v., vn. (inf. imbildl), viii. (inf. 
ibtildl), get wetted, moistened; 

— v., viii. recover; get better; 

— x. inf. istibldl, id. 

Jl bal, or rather, on the contrary; 
no; nay; certainly; sometimes; 

— ball, strong desire ; who frees 
himself from an obligation by 
perjury ; unjust ; quarreller ; 
able, doughty; — bill, common 

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property ; remedy ; — bull, pi. 
of $\ aball, q.v. ; — 8 bula-t, 
bunch of grass ; — balla-t, drop ; 
Moisture ; wetting ; — biUa-t, 
moisture ; eloquence ; distinct 
pronunciation; inf. of (J*); — 
bulla-t, sap ; pi. bildl, last touches 
of love ; wickedness. 

h bald*, visitation, affliction, cala- 
mity; sorrow; trouble; bravery; 
wear of clothing =<J^ bil-an ; — 
bi-ld, without, beyond ; — balhV, 
adult ress ; f . of j*\ , q.v. 

JA baldbil, nightingales, pi. of J*l* 
bulbul;— }A. of^*U* balbala-t, 
sorrow ; — buldbil, pi- baldbil, 
agile, active ; bahibil, vigour and 
zeal. 

&h baldta-t, prudence ; inf. of 

mo. 

&fh baldsiq, extensive sheets of 
stagnating water, pi. of ,3j^t 
bulstiq. 

th bildh, having heavy hips (wo- 
man) ; — buldh, holm-oak. 

*h bildd, cities, &c, pi. of fijl? 
balda-t ; — inf. hi. of (J^) ; — 
3 baldda-t, fctupidity, silliness, 
folly. 

tjk baldraj, stork. 

()h) baVaz, inf. S , flee ; jump, 
run ; eat one's fill. 

j)l buVaz, short, strong and 
hardened ; Satan. 

v*h balds, pi. bulus, coarse cloth ; 
mattress. 

\s>h bildf (for ^ h bi-ld say-in), 
gratis ; in vain ; without reason. 

{^fh) baVas, inf. 8 , flee. 

i>h baldt, level ground ; smooth 
pavement; bricks or flats for 
paving; palace. 

^e% buldtih, broad, wide. 

&h bahViq, pi. spacious. 

• &ch balWa-t, pi. baldli 1 , sewer. 

£h baldg, arrival ; delivery (of a 
message, &c.) ; sufficiency ; 
enough; — bildg, in. (£l?) ; — S 
baldga-t, eloquence ; pi. bald got, 
talk ; (£**) ; — ^ baldga, buldga, 
eloquent, clear. 



Jk baldl, buldl, bildl, moisture ; 
freshness; water, milk, &c, 
refreshment ; benefit ; union 
with relatives; — bihtl, pi. last 
touches of love ; — balldl, lin- 
seed ; seeds of vegetables ; who 
waters ; — baldla-t, inf. of (JO ; 

— buldla-t, moistm % e ; driblet. 
X^h baldlir, crystals, pi. of jfil 

bilaur, balliir. 
^h baldlif, level ground; broad 

pavement. 
£*% baldli 1 , sewers, pi. of &*% 

bahVa-t, &jl» bahVa-t. 
yh ballon, f. * , waiter in a public 

bath; balldna-t, pi. -at, warm 

bath. 
&*>h baldha-t, utter stupidity, 

idiotcy. 
{$*h baldhin, ^h baldhi, lives 

passed in ease and enjoyment, 

pi. of Sa^l? bulahniya-t. 
kh baldyd, pi. of &A* baliyya-t, q.v. 
JW1* balbdl, 5 balbdla-t, pi. baldbil, 

emotion, anxiety, sorrow ; wolf ; 

— S balbdla-t, vigour and zeal ; 
see the following. 

(J***) balbal, inf. S, mix, throw 
together or into confusion; bring 
about difference of opinion, differ 
in views ; squander ; disquiet or 
irritate by innuendoes ; — inf. 
balbdla-t, bilbdl, irritate, incite; 
=n. inf. bilbdl, be confused 
(speech) ; — n. inf. tabalbuJ, 
be agitated, disquieted, con- 
fused ; have grazed off all the 
herbs of a pasture-ground. 

J-l* bulbul, pi. baldbil, nightingale 
(Pers.) ; — bulbul, pipe, channel, 
groove ; agile and helping ; — 5 
balbala-t, emotion, anxiety, sor- 
row ; confusion, confusion of 
languages ; pearl ; pi. baldbil, 
sorrows ; — bulbul a- 1, can with a 
pipe ; travelling litter ; — ^ 
bulbuliyy, agile, nimble, ready 
(as a helper, &c). 

(oi>) balat, i, inf. bait, cut, cut 
into pieces ; — balat, u, inf. bait, 
also balit, a, inf. balat, be cut, 



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separate (n.) ; — balut, inf. 6a- 
Idta-t, be reserved and prudent ; 

— iv. inf. ibldt, urge to take an 
oath ; — vn. inf. inbildt, be cut, 
separated. 

&&* baltdt, cutting, severing, 
splitting. 

(ff^) balta*, sly, cunning; f. S 
balta l a-t, talkative woman ; — 
ii. inf. tabaltu', whet one's 
tongue for abuse ; part, muta- 
balti 1 . 

^jiUsif balta l dtiiyy, who affects wit 
and elegance. 

{m ^^i baltaHyy, eloquent ; bold, 
courageous. 

((+&*) baltam, people, number of 
men ; stammerer. 

(^5*1*) balta, inf. baltdt, cut. 

Jyb bulsiiq, extensive sheet of 
stagnating water. 

($*0 balaj, u, inf. buluj, glitter, 
shine ; — i, inf. balj, open ; — 
balij, a, inf. baldj, have the 
eve- brows separated ; rejoice ; — 
iv. inf. ibldj, shine ; light up, 
make clear, unveil; distinguish, 
separate; rejoice; — v. inf. ta- 
balluj, vn. inf. inbildj, viii. inf. 
ibtiluj, shine, dawn, brighten ; — 
v. rejoice, laugh ; be open, out- 
spoken ; — XI. inf. iblijdj, be 
cleared up, unveiled, revealed. 

gl? balaj, £^1} bulja-t, space between 
the eye-brows ; — balja-t, bulja-t, 
light, brightness ; twilight, dawn ; 

— balj, pi. of $S abtoj, shining ; 
having the eye-brows separated, 
<fcc. ; — buluj, pi. who have smooth 
beardless cheeks. 

(e*0 balah, A, inf. balh, dry up ; — 
inf. bulilh, be tired, weak; flow 
off ; be lost (as labour, &c.) ; — 
ii. inf. tabl'th, be tired; — iv. 
inf. ibldfy, bear unripe dates ; — 
v. inf. taballuh=z ii. ; — vi. inf. 
tabcUuh, give the lie to each 
other. 

^ balah, S , unripe date ; green- 
ness. 



j (£**) balih, A, inf. balah, and V. 
inf. taballuh, be proud, haughty. 

£l* balh, oak-tree pf some kind; 
height, greatness ; — balh, bilh, 
haughty, proud ; high, elevated, 
sublime. 

^1) balhd', f. of (k\ ablaJ}, stupid. 

er-aU) balahs, hyacinth (precious 
stone); ruby. 

( { j^k) i ii. inf. tabalhus, be big 
and large, be much of a thing. 

yaafcl* balhas, thick, coarse. 

£*afcl* balahiyya-t, pomegranate tree 
of some kind. 

(jJ^) balad, A, inf. buhid, reside, 
take a place for a dwelling and 
defend it by arms; — balid, a, 
inf. balad, id. ; — inf. balad, 
balda-t, have the eye-brows 
separated; — balid aud balud, 
inf. baldda-t, be impudent, 
shameless, stupid, lazy ; — n. 
inf. tablid, naturalise ; accli- 
matise ; not care for anything ; 
be miserly without getting rich ; 
throw one's self on the ground ; 
not rain ; remain behind ; — in. 
inf. bildd, mubdlada-t, fight any- 
one with a sword or stick ; — iv. 
inf. ibldd, cause one to settle in 
a place (two ace.) ; stick to a 
place (from poverty) ; have 
stupid and lazy beasts of bur- 
den ; — v. inf. taballud, be 
acclimatised, or naturalised ; 
occupy a deserted country, take 
! possession ; fall to the ground ; 
j show or pretend to be stupid ; 
■ be lazy ; be confused, perplexed ; 
be moved with passion; sigh 
j with grief; clap the hands; 
turn the palms outside; — xiv. 
inf. iblindd', be strongly built 
and of firm flesh. 

^ balad, S, pi. bildd, bulddn, 
city, district, province, country ; 
house, domicile, dwelling ; 
Mecca ; ground where no fire 
has been burning nor a well 
been dug; pi. abldd, ostrich- 
nest, ostrich ; burial-place, 



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tomb ; sign, trace ; twenty-first 
station of the moon ; space be- 
tween the eye-brows and the 
root of the nose ; fore-neck, 
chest ; palm of the hand ; 
principle, element ; — balad, 
buld, plummet ; — S bulda-t, 
space between the eye-brows; 
shape of the face. 

A<A* bilddm, bilddma-i, loosely 
built. 

J\^ btdddn, pi. of J^ balad. 

(t^) baldah, inf. $ , throw one's 
self on the ground; i. and n. 
inf. tabalduh, promise and not 
keep the promise ; — in. inf. 
iblinddh, stretch far and wide; 
decay, get destroyed. 

([••^0 baldam, inf. *, be afraid and 
keep silent. 

(•^ baldam, larynx ; — buldum, 
indigestible ; peevish ; blunt 
(also I**!*). 

«j^ baladiyy, countryman, native. 

(ji>), in. inf. mubdlaza-t, and vin. 
inf. ibtildz, take, receive. 

(fr) biliz, bilizz, short and stout 
(woman). 

(<j^*) bits, soda. 

(lt^)> ii. inf. tablte, drive despe- 
rate; — iv. inf. ibhte, despair; 
be perplexed ; confound ; be 
silent with grief; be prevented 
from the pilgrimage. 

^fJ* balas, reprobate, wicked ; a 
kind of fig ; — balls, wrapped 
up in grief ; — bulus, bute, 
lentil ; — bulvs, pi. of ^h 
bald 8. 

I»U-I) bitedm, pleurisy. 

fcjU* balasdn, balsam, balsam- 
tree. 

t&Jult bateak, bur. 

(^J^) baleam, inf. S , put balsam 
on a wound; embalm; — be 
silent from fear; look sour; — 
n. inf. iabateum, id. 

&♦— lj bateama-t, embalming (m.). 

(jc~*~h baleamhi, balsam- tree. 

yJ* buteun, S , lentil. 



| (u^) balas, (m.) embarrass, en- 
| tangle ; — n. inf. tablis, begin, 
undertake; — vn. inf. inbilds, 
get embarrassed, entangled; be 
in a plight; — vin. inf. ibtilds, 
undertake. 

&£lj balasa-t, embarrassment. 

(•y&i* balasum, yy*Ai balas un, heron. 

(u°^)> ii- ball-as 9 inf. tablis, take 
all one's property; i., n. (m.) 
oppress with taxes ; have little 
milk (sheep) ; — in. inf. mtihd- 
lasa-t, rush upon or against ; — 
v. inf. taballus, graze the pasture 
bare ; look for in secret ; long or 
strive for (J li) ; — vn. (m.) 
inf. hibilds, be oppressed with 
taxes; — xiv. inf. iblinsd 9 , de- 
part, go away ; undress ; put off 
one's clothes. 

<jal* bate, S balsa-t, oppression ; 
heavy taxation. 

(vJH^), ii. inf. tabalsuq, look for 
in secret; euter into relation- 
ship. 

Q**!*) balsam, inf. S, flee. 

(U) bala), u, inf. bait , pave ; — n. 
inf. tablif, id. ; fillip the ear ; 
get tired and weak with walk- 
ing ; — in. inf. mubdlafa-t, flee ; 
make efforts, exert one's self; 
descend into the plain for com- 
bat ; fight anyone with the 
sword ; — iv. inf. ibldt, pave ; 
fall on the pavement (rain) ; 
get poor and therefore bound 
to a place ; pass. id. ; take 
everything from (ace.) ; make 
ill-tempered by begging or ask- 
ing questions ; — v. inf. taballut, 
get paved; — vi. inf. iabdluf, 
fight each other with the sword ; 
be foolhardy, hector; — vn. inf. 
inbildp, remove to a great dis- 
tance ; be far away. 

W? balf , bvl(, turning-lathe ; — 
bulut, pi. deserters ; impudent 
fellows (Soufis) ; (m.) fool- 
hardy ; swaggerer ; — $ bal(a-t, 
axe of a sapper, executioner (m.) ; 
— balfa-t, hour ; space of time ; 



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anything unexpected ; destiny ; 
hill ; (m.) causeway, high road ; 
poor, moneyless, 
o*^* balfajiyy, pi. balfajiyya-t, 

sapper; executioner (Turk.), 
(c^) baltah=f** baldah; — (m.) 
flatten anything convex ; — n. 
inf. tabalfuh, be flattened. 

(fi*0 bali 1 , bate', a, inf. bala', 
swallow ; pierce ; — n. inf. 
tabli*, give to swallow, make 
swallow ; begin to appear (white 
hair); — iv. inf. ibid*, make 
8 wallow, allow to swallow (one's 
spittle, i.e., grant him a delay, a 
respite) ; — vn. inf. inbild 1 , get 
swallowed ; — viii. inf. ibtild', 
swallow, especially without chew- 
ing ; feed on (y> bi). 

fk bala\ swallowing ; — bula\ 
glutton ; twenty-third station 
of the moon ; — S bala'a-t, gulp, 
mouthful ; — bula'a-t, glutton ; 
— bal'a-t, pi. bula\ hole of a 
pulley, a mill-stone, &c. 

u ~z**k bala'bis, pi. miracles, mar- 
vels. 

e~*lt bal'as , fat and flabby ; — S 
bal'am-t, fat, ill-tempered (wo- 
man). 

u-*l* bal'as, fat and flabby. 

&*h baVaq, best kind of dates. 

(«tUl*) baVakfivF. 5, cut (with the 
sword). 

«tUlj baVah, old and with loose 
flesh ; stupid, contemptible ; a 
kind of date. 

(l**h) bal'am, inf. S , swallow 
greedily. 

j*«l> bal'am, glutton ; who swallows 
greedily; — bid'um, pi. bahVim, 
alimentary canal, gullet. 

ij*j*k bil'aus, foolish woman. 

ffk bul'ihn, pi. bahi'im, alimentary 
canal ; gullet ; cave, groove. 

(£*0 balag, u, inf. bulug, reach, 
be about to reach ; attain to 
puberty ; grow of age ; come to 
(ij\ ila, ^> bi) ; conquer, over- 
come, get the better of (ace); 



occupy entirely ; — balug, inf. 
baldga-t, be eloquent ; bestow 
pains on (^ ft) anything ; — n. 
inf. tablig, cause to obtain ; 
send ; inform ; report upon (^ 
'an) ; give with outstretched 
arms the reins to a horse; — 
in. inf. mubdlaga-t, bildg, exert 
one's self zealously in a matter 
(o* f l ) J d° a thing to perfec- 
tion, accomplish ; get the better 
in a dispute ; exaggerate ; — iv. 
inf. ibldg, send or bring news ; 
— v. inf. taballug, be satisfied 
with (v> bi) ; not give in until 
the place is reached ; fall upon 
with violence ; increase (illness, 
&c.) ; — vi. inf. tabdlug, op- 
press ; — viii. pass, ubtulig, it is 
enough. 

£*? balg, bilg, bilag, eloquent ; 
distinct, clear ; superior in 
strength (army) ; penetrating, 
irresistible ; — S .bulga-t, coll. 
bulag, what is sufficient to live 
upon ; sufficiency. 

Ul* bulagd\ pi. of &k balig, elo- 
quent, &c. 

;Ulj bulgdr, Bulgaria; perfumed 
leather. 

si^Alj balgas, fat and flabby ; — S 
balgam-t, flabbiness ; flaccid- 
ness. 

j%*1* balgam, pi. baMgim, phlegm ; — 
balgamiyy, phlegmatic. 

(£*1* bilagn, pi. baldgin, eloquent. 

&t*k bilagin, bulagin, misfortune; 
danger; completion, end. 

(<J&) balaq, u, inf. bulriq, hasten, 
walk fast ; — inf. balq, carry off, 
wash away ; open a door entirely 
or with violence, and, by oppo- 
sition, close the door; assault, 
commit a rape (on a slave-girl) ; 
— baliq, A, inf. balaq ; baluq, 
inf. balk, be spotted (white and 
black) ; have white legs (horse) ; 
— baliq, A, inf. balaq, be stunned, 
perplexed ; — iv. inf. ibldq, be 
piebald, spotted (white and 
black) ; beget piebald foals j 



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open a door with violence ; — v. 
inf. taballuq, shine, flash ; — 
vii. inf. inbildq, be opened 
entirely or with violence ; — vin. 
inf. ibtildq, shine, flash ; — ix. 
inf. ibliqdq, xi. inf. ibliqdq, be 
piebald ; — xiv. inf. iblinqdq, be 
clearly distinguished from others 
(road). 

<ji* balaq, being piebald (white and 
black) ; tent of camel-hair ; 
door ; a kind of marble ; mad- 
ness ; dense crowd ; — bulq, 
snakes ; pi. of <jM ablaq, pie- 
bald ; — S bulqa-t, spottedness. 

^al> balqd, f. of <jW ablaq, piebald. 

(loSl?) bulqut, short ; dwarfish. 

(gal*) balqa*, inf. &, be unculti- 
vated and uninhabited ; — in. 
inf. iblinqd 1 , subside, pass away 
(grief); shine. 

£& balqa 1 , S balqa'a-t, pi. baldqi', 
uncultivated and uninhabited 
country ; lonely ; thoroughly 
bad woman ; — «^ balqaHyy, with 
a broad head (arrow). 

kya* bttlq> A ((, short. 

(ifiU>) balak, v, inf. balk, mix. 

l&sSb) balkasa-t, a large mouse. 

(C&O balka', inf. S , cut, cut off. 

Jl* balal, moisture ; freshness of 
youth ; health ; well-being ; 
wealth (after poverty) ; ban- 
quet ; endurance in sufferings ; 
remains of food ; trifle ; — bulal, 
seed, crop ; — ballal, moist, 
damp ; — * balala-t, bulula-t, 
moisture ; remainder, rest ; 
misfortune ; pi. balaldt, last 
touches of love ; — bulala-t, 
form, state, condition. 

(fj*) balam, u, inf. balm, long for 
the stallion; — n. inf. tabllm, 
spoil, mar ; — iv. inf. ibldm=. 
i. and ii. ; be silent ; — vn. inf. 
inbildm, (m.) be silent ; — I 
balama4, rut (of a she-camel). 

U* balmd', 14th night of the month. 

guk balanta', clever, cunning, sly ; 
— S balanta'a-t, talkative woman. 



C^Uj balandah, short and plump. 

(djjli) balandah, inf. iblinddk, be 
spacious ; be level with the 
ground. 

j«.xd} balandam, loosely built. 

v5«u^ balanda, broad, wide. 

<4).*1* balanza, stout and strong. 

* * • £ * balansam, tar, pitch. 

fa*!* balnaf, a coarse kind of 
marble. 

g&d? balamja', distinct, trodden 
(road). 

(Al*) balih, A, inf. balah, baldha4, 
be careless, thoughtless, stupid ; 
be simple and good-natured 
not be able to state one's rea- 
sons ; — in. inf. mubdlaha-t, 
act stupidly towards ; — iv. inf. 
ibldh, find stupid; — v. inf. 
taballuh, be stupid ; show stu- 
pidity or simplicity ; look for a 
stray animal ; walk carelessly on 
a wrong road without asking; — 
vi. inf. tabdluh, show stupidity, 
pretend to be stupid. 

Al* balah, stupidity, idiotcy, lout- 
ishness ; — balha, leave off ! 
have done ! V* &b balha md, not 
considering that, without regard 
to ; — bulh, pi. of *k\ ablah, 
stupid. 

\& balhd\ of high rank or birth; 
f . of &S ablah, stupid, &c. 

(cre^t) balhas, inf. & , walk fast. 

(u°e*0 balhas, inf. $ , flee from 
fear ; — n. inf. tabalhus, put 
off one's clothes. 

(i&h) bilhiq, talking much and 
blushing frequently (woman). 

3*^ bulahniya-t, pi. baldhi, baldhin, 
life without cares, abundance of 
wealth. 

)fh balahwar, spacious. 

(}*) bald, u, inf. balw, bald\ try, 
probe, test, put to severe trials, 
grieve (a.) ; make public ; — 
bait, a, inf. J? bil-an, bald 1 , 
be old and worn ; be clad or 
covered; be seized with sorrow 
and .fear; be rotten; — pass. 
inf. baly, be tied up at her 



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V* 



master's tomb to die from 
hunger (she-eamel) ; — inf. tab- 
liya-t, wear out a garment; cause 
one to put on an old garment ; 

— in. inf. bihV, mubdldt (also 
bdl, bdla-t), pay regard, show 
attendance ; boast ; vie in boast- 
ing ; — iv. ibid 1 , wear out ; in- 
form, give news or intelligence ; 
bestow a benefit or an advan- 
tage on (ace.) ; cause to take 
an oath ; take an oath ; be 
satisfied; try, put to the test; 
cleanse ; show zeal ; show 
prowess in combtit ; publish ; 

— vi. inf. tabdl-in, tabdli, viii. 
inf. iblihV, question, cross- 
examine ; put to the test, try ; 
be visited by (y> bi) calamities ; 
exact an oath. 

ft bilw, pi. abld 9 , administrator; 
manager; camel emaciated by 
the journey ; down in the 
world ; equal to calamities, 
inured, experienced;— S bilwa-t, 
trial, experiment ; temptation ; 
visitation, affliction ; punish- 
ment ; grief ; (m.) leprosy. 

tfi baluh, emptied well; without 
relations, friendless. 

^ bilaur, billaur, ballur, pi. baldlir, 
crystal, beryl ; — billaur, tall and 
stout; brave. 

G**0 balicaz, inf. S, frame (a 
picture, m.). 

ij*£i balus, something, a little ; 
md bolus, nothing. 

ty balliity oak-tree ; acorn ; — aV* 
W* s'dh balluf, hazel-nut tree, 
chestnut- tree. 

gjlj balu 1 , wide. 

£cjl* balhVa-t, pi. baldli 1 , sewer, 
sink. 

£jl» baldg, who has arrived ; 
highest (m.) ; — bulng, puberty, 
maturity ; full age, majority ; 
execution, accomplishment, com- 
pletion (£**). 

&*£jLt bnlilgiyya-f, puberty, ma- 
turity. 



*s)jl* buluk, division ; company of 
soldiers; squadron (Turk.). 

Jjl* btdid, 8 buliila-t=&b bulala-t, 
q.v. ; see (J*). 

^Sjl* balw-an=ty bilwa-t, q.v. 

Jt balu, yes, indeed, in answer to 
a negative question ; — bil-an, 
baUan ( fi), threadbareness ; 
(m.) putrif action ; — bily, pi. 
abki=fi bilw ; — baliyy, f. S, 
worn, threadbare = J V> bdli ; 
(ni.) putrid ; — bulla, wealth 
after poverty ; — 8 baliyya-t, pi. 
baldyd, baliyydt, visitation; ca- 
lamity; state, condition; camel 
tied up at the tomb of her 
master. 

(2^*1* balaydn, people without order 
or leader; gone nobody knows 
whither. 

«^*1» billit, taciturn ; wise. 

&k balij, resplendent, shining; 
clear, distinct, open ; — billij , 
oar (m.). 

•M* balid, stupid, idiotic ; — S 
bulaida-t, little village, hamlet. 

•/k biViz, short and strong. 

'J*l* baliq, pi. bulaqd*, eloquent, 
mature, complete ; efficacious, 
effective, forcible ; considerable, 
numerous, innumerable. 

JJ* balil, sound, noise, tumult ; 
bald, 5 balila-t, cold damp wind ; 
balil, preceded by J<A* qalil, 
little, small quantity; — bulail, 
open road. 

,»} bi-ma, for U* bi-md, whereby, 
&c. ; — bamm, pi. bumum, bass- 
string, bass ; — bnmm (for ^ 
bum), owl. 

U* bi-md, whereby, so that ; never- 
theless ; whereby ? how ? why ? 
what for ? 

^ ban=^ bal, rather, &c. ; — 
bun, ban, for ^\ ibn, between 
two proper names; — bimi, fat; 
bad-smelling place ; — bunn, 
coffee-berry ; coffee-tree ; — S 
banna-t, pi. bindn, smell, odour. 

(<£*) bann, i, inf. bann, stand, 



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«JM» 



remain, stay, settle ; — n. inf. 
tabnin, tie up animals in order 
to fatten them ; — iv. inf. 
ibndn=i. 

W bi-nd, by us, with us, <fec. 

(W) bind', inf. (<y*) ; pi. abniya-t, 
pi. pi. abniydt, building, struc- 
ture ; vault; form ; conjugation ; 

— bannd', pi. bannd'un, builder ; 
architect. 

«^W bandt, daughters, &c, pi. of 
«^ bint; <J±*A\ «wLj bandtu-n- 
na's-i, constellation of the bear ; 
j^\ «wU> bandtu-'Lbahr-i, syrens, 
mermaids, dolphins; &*tjb\ «pW 
bandtu-'t-arba't-i, word of four 
consonants. 

SjjU* banddira-t, pi. of £*** bunddr. 

jfeoW banddiq, pi. of j^ bunduq. 

f»W bandm, for — 

eW fcanrtra, S , finger, finger-top ; 

— bindn, smells, scents, pi. of 
&t banna-t ; — bundna-t, mag- 
nificent garden, rich meadow. 

k\* bindya-t, lofty building. 

(cu)), ii. bannaty inf. tabnit, ask 
many questions ; communicate 
everything ; blame, scold. 

w^ 6iw£, pi. bandt, daughter ; 
girl; puppet; frequent in com- 
position, as : &*M v bintu-'s- 
Safat-i, daughter of the lip, 
speech ; J**N v bintu-Ujabal-i, 
daughter of the mountain, echo ; 
c ^ d «X\ v* bintu-U'ain-i, daughter 
of the eye, tear ; s-^*N v> bintu- 
'Winab-i, daughter of the grape, 
wine; — ^ bintiyy, daughterly, 
filial. 

(gj^) banj, henbane, a soporific 
herb ; — binj, root, origin ; fa- 
mily. 

g4 banaj, u, inf. banj, return to 
the original or former state ; — 
ii. inf. tabnij, drug by the plant 
©** banj ; peep, cluck ; — iv. inf. 
ibndj, claim or arrogate a noble 
origin. 

Sj^? banjara-t, pi. bandjir, window- 
hole (Pers.). 



(e*0 banah> a, inf. bank, cut into 
slices. 

C^ bunuh, pi. gifts, presents. 

±*i band, pi. buniid (Pers.), banner, 
flag ; legion of 10,000 men ; 
pawn in chess ; band ; sword- 
belt ; noose; division, chapter; 
oblong flat stone ; (m.) gut ; — 
ii. bannad, inf. tabnid, array in 
battle-order ; cut flat-stones, cut 
in stone. 

j)joj bunddr, pi. banddira-t, fore- 
stalled who buys up, buyer on 
speculation. 
' ;J^> bandar, pi. banddir, harbour, 
I port ; emporium ; (m.) workshop ; 
j ; juj ftU sdh bandar, syndic of the 
merchants. 

(jH^O bandaq, inf. & , give a glo- 
bular form to (ace.) ; fix one's 
look sharply at ( J^ ila) ; (m.) 
cause to degenerate ; cause to 
beget bastards. 

Jju* bunduq, 5 , pi. banddiq, hazel- 
nut, nut; sling-stone; ball (m.); 

— v^ bunduqiyy, dress of finest 
linen ; — h bunduqiyya-t, gun, 
musket. 

JjJ^} bunduq, pi. banddiq, bastard ; 
gun, musket (m.). 

Sjjjo* bandaira-t, banner, flag, ban- 
derol, pennon, streamer (m.). 

(sj~M) banis, A, inf. banas, shun or 
escape an evil ; — n. inf. tabnis, 
remain behind, tarry ; — iv. inf. 

l6?l«8=I. 

(<J*>*) banas, u, inf. band, slacken, 

relax, be remiss in anything ; — 

ii. inf. tabnis, id. 
Jut banis, cloak with sleeves 

(Turk.) 
y*H binsir, pi. bandsir, ring-finger. 
jk*i bunzur, clitoris. 
g ~&xi banaf8aj, violet (Pers.) ; — ^ 

banafsajiyy, violet colour. 
(JR) banaq, u, inf. banq, arrive ; 

plant palms on part of a valley ; 

— ii. inf. tabniq, iv. inf. ibndq, 
id. ; ii. remain in a place ; 
speak tersely and concisely ; 
forge a lie; cut one's back by 



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lashing ; put round one's neck ; 
put a gore into a shift or shirt 
(see &** baniqa-t) ; make a 
quiver wide at the top and 
narrow at the bottom. 

&u» binaqa-t, opening of a shirt or 
shift at the breast. 

(taU*), ii. inf. tabnik, go a-gossip- 
ing ; tell, narrate ; perform ; — 
v. inf. tabannuk, stand firm ; 
remain. 

**k* bank, pi. bunilk, bank (m.) ; — 
bunk, root ; essence or best part 
of a thing. 

yH banu, sons, pi. of {&t\ ibn ; — 8 
bunuwwa-t, sonship, filiation. 

ijy* bannuda-t, back ; buttocks. 

jy*i bamir, tried, experienced. 

yy* baniln, sons, pi. of &\ ibn. 

^y* banamyy, filial, referring to or 
becoming a son. 

(vj**) band, i, inf. bany, bind', 
bunydn, binya-t, bindya-t, build, 
construct, raise; inf. bind', in- 
flect a word grammatically, 
construe ; strengthen, fatten ; 
assist by benefits ; lead a bride 
in procession to her new home ; 
lie with a woman ; — n. inf. 
tabniya-t, build ; — iv. inf. ibnd\ 
give materials for building, cause 
to build ; batten ; report, relate ; 
— v. inf. tabanni, call one's son, 
adopt ; have full thighs ; — vin. 
inf. ibtind', build ; have built ; 
give building materials; lead 
the bride home ; pitch a tent 
for one's wife; lie with; beget, 
give birth. 

^ bani, sons, pi. of &t\ ibn ; — 
baniyy, pi. abniya-t, building ; — 
bu nayy, little son; pi. f. bunayydt, 
small cups; Jfe^aN t&>W*» bunay- 
ydtu-'t-tariqi, ramifications of a 
road ; — ^ binya-t, bunya-t, pi. <ys 
binan, bunan, edifice ; structure 
of the body ; — baniyy a-t, the 
Caaba ; — buniyya-t, coffee (as 
drink). 

q\**i banydn, work, deed, action ; 



corrupt (language) ; — bunydn, 
building, edifice ; wall, rampart ; 
foundation ; ^JU s^ bunydn sdlih, 
edifying example. 

&**» baniqa-t, pi. band'iq, shoot of 
a vine; tuft of hair; gore of 
a dress or shirt; opening of a 
shirt or shift at the breast. 

{&& banin, firmly built or founded ; 
wise. 

a* bah, well done ! bravo ! — bi-hi, 
by him, with him, <fcc. 

(**) bahh, v, inf. bahh, rise in 
honour and authority with the 
sovereign. 

(}w)*baha', bahi\ bahu', nsv.bah', 
bahd', buhu', get accustomed to 
(v> bi) ; baha', understand ; a, 
inf. bah', empty or destroy the 
tent or house ; — rv. inf. ibhd 9 , 
id. ; — vin. inf. ibtihd', get ac- 
customed. 

W bahd', beauty, brilliance, ele- 
gance ; — bi'hd, with her. 

u»l$ bahhdt, calumniator, slanderer. 

&+\q bahdja-t, inf. of (56*) . 

J& bahdr, beautiful, resplendent; 
beauty ; pimento ; ox-eye ; cus- 
tom tax ; excise ; — buhnr, an 
idol ; swallow ; fresh cotton ; 
tacking of a ship ; a weight 
(400-1000 rafl). 

JjVe> bahdlU, pi. of Jfrt buhM, 
laugher, &c. 

(^Wt bahdlin, pi. of y\<fa baMuwdn, 
pugilist, Ac. 

u~*W* buhdnis, tame ; lion. 

»We* bahbdh, hoarse roar. 

(&*et) bahbah, inf. S , bahbdh, roar 
low and in a muffled manner, as 
if hoarse; — 11. inf. tabahbuh, 
get honoured and elevated ; — 
^ bahbahiyy, great, tall, strong. 

(&&J bahat, u, inf. baht, surprise 
and seize; — inf. baht, bahat, 
buhtdn, accuse wrongly; lie; — 
bahat, bahit, bahut, inf. baht, 
bahat (also pass.), lose one's 
head, be perplexed, stunned, 
astonished ; (m.) be of a faint 
colour, be dimmed; — 11. inf. 

19 



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146 



tabhit, bewilder, astonish and 
perplex ; — iv. inf. ibhdt, be 
perplexed ; be of a faint colour. 
buht, lie, calumny ; — great 
liars, pi. of uwj# buhnt ; — 2 
bahta-t 9 astonishment, bewilder- 
ment. 

0^6* buktcbij calumny; falsehood; 
inf. of (w*e»). 

(/6») bahtar, lie ; — buhtur 9 buh- 
tura-t, pi. baMtir 9 short of 
stature. 

((^e*) bahtariy inf. », calumniate, 
lie. 

(*±*#) bahas, a, inf. bahs> receive 
with joy ; — vi. inf. tabdhus, id. 

fc$ buhsa-t, wild cow ; son of a 
whore. 

(©w) bahaj, a, inf. bahj, rejoice 
(a.), cheer ; — bahij, a, inf. 
bahaj 9 rejoice (n.), be cheerful; 

— bahuj, inf. bahdja-t, be hand- 
some, elegant, lovely ; — n. inf. 
tabhij, embellish, adorn; cheer 
U P ( a 5 — ra « INP * mubdhaja-t, 
boast of greater beauty; — iv. 
inf. ibhdj, cheer, rejoice (a.) ; 
show beautiful vegitation ; — v. 
inf. tabahhuj, be glad, cheerful ; 

— vt. inf. tabdhuj, be adorned 
with flowers; — vn. inf. inbihdj, 
rejoice (n.), wonder ; — viii. inf. 
ibtihdj, rejoice at (v* bi) ; — x. 
inf. istibhdjy id. 

g$ bahaj 9 joy, gladness, inf. of 
(©*0 J — bahij, glad, cheerful ; 
handsome ; — 8 bahja-t, joy, 
rejoicing ; beauty, loveliness, 
splendour, elegance. 

(jJ*0 bahdar, inf. S, squander, 
dissipate (m.). 

cs;**e* buhduriyy, child which does 
not thrive. 

(J* 3 **) bahdaly inf. S , walk quickly 
and with a light step; (m.) 
insult ; slight ; despise, con- 
demn. 

JJW bahdaly the young of a hyena ; 

— 8 bahdala-ty insult ; treating 
with contempt. 

(/«0 bahar, a, inf. bahr, buhur. 



shine, be brilliant ; outshine, 
surpass; be far; be unsuccess- 
ful, unlucky, unfortunate; im- 
portune, molest, overburden ; 
calumniate, abuse ; utter the 
phrase d\ fi bahar dla-hu, may 
God destroy his people, either 
in earnest or in jest to express 
wonder ; — pass, be tired so as 
to be out of breath ; be blunted 
(sword) ; be dazzled (by the 
sun) ; — ii. inf. tabhiTy season, 
pepper (m.) ; — rv. inf. ibhdr 9 
relate something wonderful ; 
grow rich after poverty ; be 
scorched by the mid-day sun; 
behave one time well, another 
badly ; marry a handsome 
woman; (m.) dazzle; — v. inf. 
tabahhur, shine, be resplendent ; 
be full; be out of breath; — 
vii. inf. inbihdr, be out of 
breath ; fall into ruins ; wonder ; 
— viii. inf. ibtihdr, boast falsely 
of a crime ; be talked about on 
account of attentions shown to 
a woman ; reproach, put to 
shame ; pray and invoke God 
continually ; fall asleep over 
one's day dreams ; not slacken 
in one's zeal for or against (J U y 
^ ft) ; break asunder ; — xi. 
inf. ibhirdry be half spent or 
more, be dark (night). 

fit bahr, distinction ; superiority ; 
victory ; filling, completing ; 
removal ; friendship, love ; sor- 
row ; calumny ; overburdening ; 
astonishment ; — buhr f shortness 
of breath ; town, province ; 
middle of a valley ; — S buhra-ty 
pi. buhary middle part ; centre ; 
extensive tract of good land. 

\j& bahr-an, a curse on him ! 

f>\j& bahrdm, planet Mars (Pers.). 

(Cjtf) bahrajy inf. S , mislead tra- 
vellers (guide) ; cause one's 
blood to be shed unavenged. 

8;tt bahrajy vain, in vain ; lie ; 
corrupt, bad; forged, counter- 
feit ; in everybody's reach ; 



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147 



J« 



valueless ; nothingness ; — bahraj 
and (jjW^j hahrajdn, tinsel ; — a 
bahraja-t, deviation. 

(j»#), ii. inf. tabahrur, be dazzled 
by the sun. 

(u^«0> ii. inf. tabahrus, walk 
along proudly. 

(fj«) bahram, inf. S , dye one's beard 
with hennah ; — n. inp. tabakrum 9 
be red. 

ft& bahram, 8 bahrama-t, saffron; 
hennah. 

(y») bahaz, a, inf. bahz, push back 
violently. 

j)«* bahzar, active and prudent ; 
noble, generous ; — 8 bahzura-t, 
bahzar a-t, pi. bahdzir, bahdzira-t, 
big she-camel ; tall palm-tree. 

er6* &afo, boldness. 

(lt60 bahaS, a, inp. &aA#, examine, 
investigate into ((^ *a»); be 
taken up with (J\ ila) ; stretch 
out the hand for (^J\ ila) any- 
thing, whether taking it or not ; 
be ready to cry or to laugh ; 
assemble (n.) ; — v. inp. tabah- 
hus, assemble, gather together 
(n.) ; — vi. inp. tabdhui, reach 
or throw to each other any- 
thing. 

u**6* bahi, willingly ; friendly. 

(u^) bahis, A, inp. bahas, be 
thirsty ; — iv. inp. ibhds, prevent, 
hinder. 

&& bahas, thirst. 

( J*«) bahsal, inp. I , play at dice 
for one's coat ; eat the meat to 
the bones ; oust. 

J*"6* buhsul, stout ; white ; f . 
small. 

(j**et) buhsum, firm, hard ; brave. 

\fy& buhsns, something ; v ^ tnd 
buhsns, nothing. 

(t/w) bahad, a, inp. bahd, molest, 
cause diiiicultv ; — iv. inp. ibhad, 
id. 

1*6* bahaft, rice cooked with milk 
and butter (Pers.). 

(Ity) bahaz, a, inp. bahz, molest, 
overwhelm (work) ; overburden ; 
seize at the beard. 



b# bahz, burden, weight ; im- 
portance. 

(£#) bahag, u, inp. buhdg, sleep. 

(<JfcO bahaq, leprosy, white scab ; 
ringworm ;— bahiq, afflicted with 
such. 

(&*#) bahkasa-t, swiftness. 

(J*«0> *> full of sap and healthy; 
smooth and exuberant ; sleek. 

(c>*eO bahkan= ( J*eO ; — n. inp. 
tabahhun, trip, take short steps. 

( J«0 fca&aZ, a, inp. fcafcZ, curse ; 
leave one to his own will; — 
bahil, A, inf. bahal, (m.) be 
stupid ; — in. inp. mubdhala-t, 
curse one another ; — rv. inp. 
ibhdl, leave, leave alone, leave 
to one's own will ; set free ; 
coax ; water the crops ; (m.) 
render stupid ; blunt ; — v. inp. 
tabahhul, look for a thing with 
anxiety; — v., vi. inp. tabdhul, 
viii. inf. ibtihdl, curse one an- 
other ; — vii. inf. inbihdl, get 
stupid ; — viii. humiliate one's 
self before God and call to 
Him ; exert one's self ; — x. 
inp. istibhdl, milk ; leave the 
subjects to their own will ; 
secure the freedom of a people 
or tribe ; (m.) find a person 
stupid. 

Jtt bahl, curse; a little of any- 
thing ; bahl, bahal, inp. of (Jfl»); 

— buhl, buhhal, pi. of J*W bdhil, 
free, &c. 

^ bahl-an, gently ! patience ! 
(cr*«0> ii. inp. tabahlus, return 

from foreign parts unexpectedly 

and empty-handed. 
Gjaitf), ii. inp. tabahlus, undress. 
(v3^) bahlaq, pi. bahdliq, calamity; 

— bahlaq, buhluq, woman with a 
red complexion; talkative woman; 
— 8 baMaqa-t, pride, lie; scolding, 
insulting; pi. bahdliq, vanities; — 
ii. inp. tabahluq, lie. 

£U0» bahlala-t, &** bahala-t, stu- 
pidity (m.) ; — bahla-t, buhla-t, 
curse. 

q\£w bahluwdn, pi. bahdlin, pugi- 



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148 



list ; rope-dancer ; merry An- 
drew (Pers.). 

Jjta buhhil, laughing, smiling ; 
prince endowed with every 
accomplishment ; — pi. bahdlil, 
laugher ; blockhead ; merry 
Andrew. 

f»6* bahm, baham, lambs, kids 
and calves in one flock; — 
buhm, buhum, pi. naked, bare ; 
healthy and faultless; — S bah- 
ma-t, pi. bihdm, bihdmdt, kid, 
lamb, calf, foal of a camel; — 
buhma-ty pi. buham, stone, rock ; 
inconquerable combatant ; very 
arduous matter ; army; squadron 
of horse. 

((+&)> ii. inf. tabhvm, separate young 
cattle from their mothers ; abide 
in a place ; — iv. inf. ibhdm, 
shut or , lock a door ; leave 
doubtful or ambiguous; be so; 
conceal ; avert ; — v. inf. tabah- 
hum, be doubtful, ambiguous, 
obscure ; be covered, concealed ; 

— x. inf. ietibhdm, be doubtful, 
&c, talk unintelligibly or bar- 
barously ; not be able to speak, 
keep silent ; appear as a stranger 
or barbarian ; find anything 
obscure. 

(&U#) bahndna-t, having a sweet 

breath ; friendly, smiling, 
(tr^flt) bahnas, tame docile camel ; 

heavy and fat; lion; — n. inf. 

tabahnus, walk along proudly 

(part, mutabahnie, lion), 
(jet) bahd, bahu, bahi, inf. bahd 9 , 

be beautiful, shine with beauty ; 

— baha, surpass in beauty ; — 
bahiy inf. bahy, be empty ; — n. 
inf. tabhiya-t, enlarge and fur- 
nish ; — in. inf. mubdhdt, vie 
or surpass in beauty ; boast ; 

— iv. inf. ibhd 9 , empty; tear; 
let loose or free, leave unem- 
ployed (a horse, &c.) ; — vi. 
inf. tabdhi*=m. ; be proud, 
glory. 

jet bahw, pi. abhd 9 , buhuicw, 
buhiyy, advanced house or tent ; 



lair of the wild buffalo ; apart- 
ment for the women ; hold of a 
ship ; large stable ; — pi. abhd*, 
abhi, bihiyy, buhiyy, large, ex- 
tensive; wide tract of landj 
cavity of the chest or belly ; — 
buhiV, inf. of (Wt). 

va>jet bahut, pi. buhty buhut, great 
liar. 

jjet bahwar, lion. 

£jet buhug, going to sleep. 

<j& baha, bahi, see (jet) ; — bahi', 
see (W) ; — bahiyy, handsome, 
beautiful, elegant, shining, re- 
splendent; — bihiyy, buhiyy, pi. 
of ^et bahw. 

j*et bahir, adj. breathing heavily, 
panting; — S bahira-t, pi. /it 
bahd'ir, handsome, delicate (wo- 
man). 

J«eet buhaisil, weak, small, insig- 
nificant. 

&*et bahila-t, free woman with rich 
dowry. 

j»«et lahim, pi. buhum, buhm, one- 
coloured horse ; black ; unknown ; 
soundless, without an echo; pure, 
unmixed ; faultless ; excellent ; — 
I bahima-t, pi. bahd'im, quadru- 
ped; brute, in opposition to a 
rational being ; — ^ bahimiyy, 
referring to beasts, bestial, 
brutal ; — h bahimiyya-t, besti- 
ality. 

^r^set buhairm, lion. 

jt bu, in comp. for $\ abu, father ; 

— baww, foal of a camel ; ashes ; 

— f . S , stupid, foolish, mad. 
00 bd', v, inf. ba u 9 , return, come 

back ; bring back (ace. or v hi) ; 
draw upon one's self ; agree with, 
suit (ace. or v* bi) ; — inf. bau 9 , 
baud 9 , acknowledge (debt, &c.) ; 
atone, retaliate ; be killed in 
retaliation ; — n. inf. tabvfi, 
bring or lead back; take for a 
wife, lie with (ace.) ; invite into 
one's house, receive hospitably ; 
alight and stay ; point the lance 
against (f* nahw-a) ; — in. 
inf. mubdwa'a-ty retaliate, kill 



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149 



vy 



by way of retaliation ; — iv. 
inp. ibd'a-t, bring or lead back; 
=ni. ; put the hand to the 
sword, get ready for combat ; 
receive in one's house ; alight ; 
follow in succession ; flee ; — 
v. inp. tabawwu', alight, choose 
a house for a lodging, take 
possession of or possess a house ; 
take possession of a wife and 
her dowry; — vi. inp. tabdwu*, 
resemble each other, be able to 
pass one for another ; — x. inp. 
istibd'a-t, take or furnish a place 
for a lodging; retaliate, kill in 
retaliation ; return to each other 
or to one's people. 

\y bawd\ equality, similarity ; atone- 
ment, retaliation. 

v*V kwwdb, door-keeper, porter; 
— 8 biwdba-t, office of door- 
keeper ; — bawwdba-t, litter, 
sedan-chair. 

f W bawdtir, swords, pi. of y W bdtir. 

Wy bawdh-an, openly, publicly. 

*>W bawdd, inp. of (»m). 

jofy bawddir, fleshy parts between 
neck and shoulders ; pi. of fyol* 
bddira-t. 

v^*rty bawddiy inhabitants of the 
desert, deserts, pi. of h^ 
bddiya-t. 

t&$ bawdzih, high mountain- 
chains, pi. of &-*iW bdziha-t. 

j\j) bawdr, destruction, ruin, per- 
dition ; bad affairs ; inp. of 
GjO > woman whom no one 
sues; pi. jy bar, uncultivated 
fields. 

t$f bawdrih, pi. of CjW bdrih, living 
in the plain, Ac, q.v. 

*>j\y bawdrid, sharp swords ; pi. of 
*>> , q.v. 

JJ^y bawdriq, pi. of s3j* bdriq, 8, 
flashing, Ac. 

«4;\y bawdri, reed mats, mats of 
bulrushes, pi. of hj^i bdriya-t, 
«4>y bilriyy, Ac. ; — bawdriyy, 
maker of such. 

Jj\y bawdzil, pi. of JjW bdzil, ex- 
perienced. 



<4)V bawdzi, falcons, pi. of ^)W 

bdziyy. 
<J~\y bawdsiq, high palm-trees, 

Ac, pi. of <J-A* bdsiq. 
j#*\ji bawdair, piles, pi. of jj~W 

bdsiir, ;*~y baualr. 
«3*V bawdtiq, sparrow-hawks, pi. 

of <3*W bdsiq. 
g*y bawddi 1 , herds, Ac, pi. of 

&-*W bddi l a-t, q.v. 
t^y bawdjin, pi. of ^W bdjin, 

interior, Ac. 
oMy bawdfi, vats, pi. of &*L\i 

bdfiya-t. 
*±+*\$ bawd'is, reasons, motives, 

pi. of &el* bd'isa-t. 
j)y bawwdq, trumpeter, 
yrty bawdqir, cows, pi. of S^j 

baqra-t. 
j^y bawdkir, virgins, pi. of a/W 

bdkira-t. 
t^y bawdki, mourning women, pi. 

of **A bdJciya-t. 
J\y buivdl, diabetes ; — bawwdl, 

who makes water frequently; 

piss-a-bed. 
gfifty bawdW, sewers, sinks, pi. of 

&yW bdWa-t 
g\y biwdn, buwdn, pi. abwina-t, 

btin, buwan, peg or pole of a 

tent ; door-post. 
<j*\y bawdni, pi. ribs of the chest ; 

legs of quadrupeds ; pi. of ***W 

bdniya-t, see <^W bdn-in, JW 

bdnl. 
•**\y bawdhid, pi. calamities, 
gfiy bawdHj, misfortunes, cala- 
mities, pi. of l+fc bd'ija-t. 
gtty bawd'i', pi. of ^W &a'i', woman 

with many suitors. 
v$fty bawd'iq, calamities, pi. of 

&fy bd'iqa-t. 
(sjy) fcafc, u, be door-keeper to 

(J li) ; make an opening or 

door; — n. inp. tabwrb, divide 

into chapters; (m.) guide; — v. 

inp. tabatvuntb, take as a door- 
keeper ; pass, become such. 
8l*y banbdt, desert, waste. 
^jk bu'bu\ pupil of the eye ; middle 

or principal part ; root ; eminent 



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150 



v>y 



genius, scholar, Ac, ; body of a 
locust. 

«jtey bUtdtiyy, referring to house- 
hold expenditure. 

toy bUtaqa-t, crucible (Pers.). 

O^y) bds, u, inf. bans, reject, 
disperse, squander ; examine, 
try, investigate; — iv. inf. ibd- 
sa-t, id. ; tear up the ground, 
plough ; — viii. inf. ibtiyds, 
examine, investigate ; — x. inf. 
isttbdsa-t, excite, raise (dust) ; 
extract, draw out. 

(&y) bdj, u, inf. bauj, bawajdn, be 
tired ; shine, flash ; cry out, call ; 
befall ; — n. inf. tabwij, v. inf. 
tabawwuj, vii. inf. inbiydL 
shine, flash; — vn. befall (J* 
( ala). 

gy bauj, £>Wy bawajdn, flash of 
lightning ; clamour ; tiredness. 

(ty) bah, u, inf. bauh, bu'uh, 
bu'uhat, be known, public ; 
make known, publish, divulge, 
show clearly; boast in public; 
— iv. inf. ibdha-t, communi- 
cate ; escape, abscond ; betray a 
client ; profess publicly ; make 
anything public property ; 
allow ; offer ; — x. inf. istibdha-t, 
make public property ; allow ; 
prostitute ; squander or lose 
one's property ; consider lawful ; 
do or take what is lawful ; anni- 
hilate. 

ey bilh, root, origin ; pudenda ; 
sexual intercourse ; soul ; sun ; 
confusion of affairs ; — bauh, see 
(cy); — ba'uh, who betrays his 
secrets. 

<^y bauha, thrown down, pro- 
strate. 

(£y) baft, u, inf. bauh, subside, 
become extinct ; be tired ; — inf. 
hi' -lib, turn bad, smell badly 
(meat); — iv. inf. ibdba-t, ex- 
tinguish. 

t$ bty, confusion. 

0>y),see (^). 

*>y baud, well ; departure (^). 

&*>y hidaqa-t, crucible. 



(3y) bdx, u, inf. bauz, transgress, 
encroach ; grow poor, needy ; 
humble one's self. 

»iy bauz, encroachment, transgres- 
sion ; poverty ; humiliation. 

0y) bar, v, inf. baur, bawdr, 
perish ; be dull (market), not 
sell (merchandise) ; lie unculti- 
vated or fallow; be lazy; be 
spoiled ; be in vain ; devastate ; 

— inf. baur, explore, spy out; 

— iv. inf. ibdra-t, destroy, an- 
nihilate ; — v. inf. tabawwur, 
complain of impending ruin ; — 
viii. inf. ibtiydr, explore, spy 
out ; lie with a woman. 

jj) baur, ruin, perdition, destruc- 
tion ; knowledge from experi- 
ence ; inf. of (jy) ; — baur, bur, 
uncultivated or fallow land; — 
bur (du. and pi. m. and f.), 
reprobates, people doomed to 
perdition ; — baur, bur, pi. of 
/W bd'ir, q.v. ; — 8 bu'ra-t, hole 
in the ground to make fire in; 
treasure ; provisions ; — bilra-t, a 
fallow. 

J^y buraq, *4>y burah, borax ; salt- 
petre. 

^y bUriyy, S buriyya-t, ^y buriyd, 
pL bawdri, reed mat, mat of bul- 
rushes ; street (Pers.). 

(jy) buz, snout (m.) ; — n. inf. 
tabawwuz, make a sour face. 

jy hi'uz, f alcons, pi. of jW bdz ; — 8 
buza-t, ^5 buza, beer. 

(u*y) bds, u, inf. baus, be rough ; 
kiss ; kiss the ground before (J 
li) ; mix with (s^ bi). 

u*y bus, calamity, poverty; mix- 
ture ; kiss ; — bu's, pi. ab'us, evil, 
calamity, misery ; empoverish- 
ment ; inf. of (u**0 ; — 8 busa-t, 
kiss. 

fc)V*-y btetdn=Q\s~* bustdn, garden. 

&-y busfa-t, post (m.). 

^j-y hi' 8a, misery, inf. of (lt^j). 

j*~y bau8%r, pi. bawdslr, emerods, 
piles. 

(v>y) bds, u, inf. bauS, clamour, 
be boisterous (crowd) ; reach 



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v>* 



151 



df 



over to (ace.) ; — n. inf. iabwti, 
v. inp. tabawwuS, be crowded in 
confusion ; — vi. inp. tabdtvus, 
stretch out the arms against 
each other (for combat) ; — vn. 
inp. inbiyds*, turn aside from a 
thing. 

v>y bau$, b(U, crowd ; troop, gang ; 
for abwdi, rabble, vagabonds ; 
clamour, tumult ; a dish of flour 
and lentils ; — bavJ, vain, useless, 
in vain (m.). 

*>^y biis'dd, turnip. 

<j*y bauiiyy, pauper with many 
children; vulgar or vile fellow; 
— btUiyy, stuff from BUS, in 
Egypt. 

(l^jO fr^f* u> inp. baus, remain, 
stay ; walk fast ; get tired ; urge 
to haste ; flee and hide ; im- 
portune by questions or de- 
mands ; — ii. inp. tabims, head 
in a horse-race; have a pure 
complexion ; have full hips 
(woman). 

iff bans, bus, colour, complexion ; 
hips of a woman ; their soft- 
ness ; — baus, quick walk ; tired- 
ness ; pi. abwds, species, race of 
animals. 

Uy bausd\ f. having full hips. 

<£*$ busiyy, boat. 

j*°f bauslr, piles. 

&*y bHda-t=^ buza-t, beer. 

(Ly) bd( , u, inp. bauf, grow poor 
after being rich ; be despised 
after enjoying honours ; — 8 
bu$a-t, crucible. 

&\Ly bu-tdqa-t, Maria Theresa dol- 
lar (possessor of a window, the 
Hungarian coat of arms). 

£<j\Ly biitdniya-t, wild vine plant. 

&fl»j» biitaqa-t, crucible. 

(fcy) bdz, u, inp. bauz, grow thin 
after being stout. 

(&0 ^S u » INP - &* u< > stretch out 
the arms and measure by them ; 
reach with outstretched hand; 
make long strides ; — v. inp. 



tabawwu 1 , measure ; be mea- 
sured ; be long ; make long 
strides ; keep up with (ace.) ; — 
vii. inp. inbiyd 1 , be measured ; 
uncoil in order to spring ; spring 
(snake) ; stretch one's self ; 
depart ; run, flow (perspira- 
tion) ; give the merchandise 
cheaper. 

£y ban', biV, £W bd*, cubit, ell; 
stride ; loftiness ; nobility ; 
honour; gWH (<J**) >*■* qasir-u 
(dayyiq-u) 'Lbd-i, miserly, ava- 
ricious ; — bau', mountain slip. 

(tjt) bfy, u, inp. bang, conquer, 
vanquish, surpass ; — v. inf. 
tabawwug, boil, be agitated; 
conquer. 

^*y baugd 9 , soft, friable earth ; 
flighty, frivolous people ; con- 
fusion ; scent, fragrance. 

(jjO bdq, u, inp. bauq, cause 
mischief or quarrel ; befall ; fall 
upon from an ambush ; gird, 
surround; rush together upon 
a person and kill him ; perish ; 
surprise or intrude upon (^ 
*ala) ; steal from (ace.) ; blow 
the trumpet. 

s3ji bauq, trumpet ; talkative fel- 
low, babbler, chatterer ; — buq, 
pi. buqdt, abwdq, biqdn, trumpet; 
shell, flute, pipe; rattle; talker; 
vain, false, unjust ; — 8 buqa-t, 
pi. buwaq, heavy shower. 

«*>Uy buqdt, pi. of jy buq, (in.) 
rattle. 

JVSy buqdl, tankard without handle, 
drinking- vessel. 

gj+lfy bu-qalamun, chameleon ; 
tortoise ; turkey ; anything 
gaudy ; changing colour, fickle, 
capricious ; fickleness ; caprice 
of fortune. 

Wy buqisd, elm-tree. 

(«*Jy) bah, u, inp. bauk, cover (as 
a stallion) ; lie with a woman ; 
form into a ball between one's 
palms; sell or buy; stir up a 
spring with a stick to make it 



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flow more abundantly ; be com- 
plicated, confused, entangled ; 
be perplexed, at one's wits' 
end ; — inf. bu'uk, get fat ; — 
vii. inp^ iribiydk, be perplexed. 
(*±J*i) *i)y jy awwal-a bauk-in, the 

first time ; before all others, 
tfy baukd\ confusion. 
/y baukar=zj£& baikar, measure 

with the compasses (m.) 
(J)*) bdl, u, inf. baul, make water; 
break forth, flow ; melt (n.) ; — 
ba'ul, inf. ba'dla-t, bu'Ma-t, be 
small and weak ; — n. jnf. 
tabwil, make water; — iv. inf. 
ibdla-t, cause to make water ; — 
x. inf. istibdla-t, want to make 
water ; cause to make water. 
Jy baul, pi. abwdl, urine; wed- 
lock ; children ; son ; large 
number ; great liberality ; Jy 
)f*d\ baulu-Vajuz, cow-milk; — 
8 baula-t, daughter. 
*>3y buldd (Pers.), steel ; (m.) 

razor. 
u-Jy bula*, dungeon in hell. 
Wy hUsa-t—LtUji bulha-t. 
gJy bauW, glutton. 
*-«Jy bulisa-t, pi. u°^V bawdlis, 
money-letter, draft, bill of 
exchange ; cheque, circular note 
(Ital. polizza). 
I»y bum, 8 , owl. 

(ey) ban, tj, inf. baun=({$&). 
^y baun, bun, interval, interstice ; 
difference ; — b&n, buwan, tent- 
poles, door-posts, pi. of £>y 
biwdn, buwdn ; — 8 bauna-t, little 
daughter. 
g*^y bu-ndfi l , wine. 
(»y) bah, tj, inf. bauh, lie with 
one's wife ; — u and a, inf. 
bauh, baih, fix one's thoughts 
upon (J li), understand, anim- 
advert. 
»y bauh, curse, imprecation ; — 
buh, 8 biiha-t, owl; moulting 
hawk ; feather in the wind ; 
dry wool in the ink-bottle ; thin 



of bones ; lean ; stupid, dull, 
insipid. 
C$y ba'uh, who cannot keep his 

secrets ; — bu'uh, see (cy)- 
fyy bu'uh, see (fcy). 
j$y bu'ilz, falcons, pi. of jW bdz. 
(^y bu'ns, see (lt*0 ; Jjy 6w'%, 

see (jW). 
v^>* bawa, inf. 6ayy, be similar to 
another in speech and manners ; 
— bawan, hope ; desire ; emu- 
lation ; malice ; trouble, vexa- 
tion, molestation ; talents ; — 
bawiyy, stupid, foolish, mad. 
W**y bu-yahyd, angel of death. 
(oO bd', salute anyone with the 
words *W *±JWj bayyd-ka 'l-ldh-u, 
" May God prosper thee ! " &c. ; 
— ii. inf. tabyi, explain, comment 
upon, elucidate ; take a firm 
purpose, intend earnestly. 
<j bay, prince (Turk. *£^) ; — bayy, 
vile person ; ^ &\ abn-u bayy-in, 
stranger, one unknown ; — 8 bi'a-t, 
epidemic; plague. 
sArf bayydb, seller of water. 
uwW baydt, night attack; night- 
time; inf. of (**-*♦) . 
&Arf bayydha-t, net for fishing. 
*>W baydd, inf. of (»^rf). 
joV** bayddir, threshing-floors, pi. 

of j*& baidar. 
&»>W* bayddiqa-t, jpW baydziq, 8 

baydziqa-t, see JJ^rf baidaq. 
^W bayddiyy, foot-soldier (Pers. 

m.). 
jVsj fci'^r, wells, pi. of A WV. 
jjWt baydriq, standards, pi. of 

J)*) bairaq. 
jjW baydzir, 8 baydzira-t, cudgels, 
&c, pi. of %v©» baizar ; — baydzira-t, 
pi. of $y&oaizdr, penis. 
yjCrf baydzir, maces, pi. of 8^^ 

6aiaa£ra-£. 
u-W baVas, strong, bold; hard, 

severe ; lion. 
u*Wt fcayarf, whiteness ; brightness ; 
milk ; (m.) anything made of 
milk (butter, cheese) ; eggs ; 
white paper ; leprosy ; **jN y*W 



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bayddu-'l-wajh-i, observance of 
good manners ; generosity ; — 
bayydd, white earth ; — S baydda-t, 
whiteness ; brightness ; white 
spot in the eye ; — bayydda-t, 
hen which lays many eggs ; — ^ 
bayddiyy, elegant poem. 

ty^st bayd$ira-t, veterinary sur- 
geons, pi. of jb& baifdr. 

>tjW* baydzir, maces, pi. of Sj^rf 
baizdra-t. 

gW bayyfc, pi. bayyd'un, seller; 
appraiser ; — 6 biyd'a-t, pi. biyd- 
'd-t, merchandise. 

/\& baydkir, pi. of j^ baikdr, 
compasses. 

gW* baydn, explanation ; com- 
mentary ; evident meaning ; 
demonstration ; eloquence, rhe- 
toric; division; — bayydn, thing; 
=o* bayy; — ^ baydniyy, ex- 
plaining, commenting. 

H-^trf bib, pipe, drain. 

0W* bibdn, doors, &c, pi. of s^» 
bdb. 

(«~*0 bat, i, A, inf. bait, baydt, 
mabit, baiHta-t, do anything at 
night-time ; pass the night ; — 
ii. inf. tabyit, perform at night ; 
attack at night ; give a night's 
lodging ; consult, resolve at 
night ; leave a thing in the same 
condition during the night ; 
prevent from (^ *an) ; — in. 
inf. mubdyata-t, pass the night 
with anyone ; — iv. inf. ibdta-t, 
give a night's lodging, cause 
to do anything at night ; — x. 
inf. istibdta-t, seek or have a 
night's food, provide one's self; 
have no place for passing the 
night ; be poor, a beggar. 

o^rf bait, pi. buy at, buyutdt, tent ; 
house, building ; Caaba ; palace, 
castle ; house-floor ; apart- 
ment, room ; case, compart- 
ment ; tomb ; U ^> bait-u md'-in, 
&fi\ v> baitu-'l-firdg-i, U*\ ^> 
baitu-'Lhald-i, water-closet ; v 
c-AUH baiiu-Llutf-i, wine-house ; 
— family ; wedlock ; members 



of the household, servants ; — pi. 
abydt, distich, couplet, strophe; 
noble, nobility; — inf. of («^rf); 
— bit, I bita-t, provisions, victuals 
(for a night) ; passing the night 
(8.), night's lodging. 

tojZtti baituta-t, see (****»). 

{ y-6i baitiyy, domestic, belonging 
or referring to the house. 

«^>* baisa, see (*£-**»►). 

«J*>W«* baijddaq, a kind of ruby 
(Pers.). 

(c*0> n - INF - tabyih, cut into 
pieces and distribute ; let out a 
secret to (^> bi). 

0W* baihdn, bayyahdn, who be- 
trays his secret ; name of a 
tribe. 

(**ri) bad, 1, inf. baud, baid, bwyM, 
bawdd, baydd, baiduda-t, depart, 
separate entirely from one's 
people ; — inf. buyud, set (sun), 
disappear ; — inf. baid, buyud, 
perish;— -iv. inf. ibdda-t, de- 
stroy, annihilate, ruin. 

A** baid, ruin, perdition ; loss ; in- 
jurious; — baid-a, q\ ^ baid-a 
an, except that ; however, yet ; 
because ; — bid, pi. of W baidd 9 . 

\*tf baidd 9 , pi. bid, baiddwdt, dan- 
gerous desert. 

&\±& baiddna-t, wild she-ass. 

C^a* baidah, &.\«&*t baidd ha- 1, fleshy 
(woman). 

jArf baidar, pi. bayddir, threshing- 
floor, barn; quantity of grain 
piled up in a barn; — baidar, 
inf. 8, pile up, gather into 
heaps ; — ^ baidara, glib. 

r~±tA baidaetar, beaver (Pers.). 

s3±d baidaq (also j^rf baizaq), pi. 
bayddiq, bayddiqa-t, pawn in 
chess ; foot- soldier ; leader, 
guide ; single, not married. 

So^ baiduda-t, see (•***). 

j\&ti baizdr, I , talker, babbler. 

t\* baizah, fleshy, plump. 

jW*» baizardniyy, talker, bab- 
bler. 

/I b?r, f. pi. ab 9 dr, ab'ur, db'ur, 
bi 9 dr, well ; — * bfra-t, anything 

20 



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<**. 



hidden in the ground, treasure ; 

provender, provisions ; — bira-t, 

beer (m.). 
,jfy*t bairdq— Jp* bairaq. 
f>\jt* bairdm, Bairam-feast. 
j»^rf bairaq, pi. baydriq, standard, 

flag ; troop of soldiers (Pers.). 
J*fy* bairaqddr, standard-bearer, 

ensign. 
I^«t bairam, borer; axe, hatchet; 

liquid coUyrium. 
yyjtA bairamun, eve of a festival, 

vigil (m.). 
gjjprt bairiizaj, turquoise. 
()ri) bdz, inf. baiz, buyuz, perish, 

and, by opposition, live, live on, 

escape. 
j\ye* baizdr, pi. baydzira-t, penis; 

— bfadr, falconer; peasant; — 8 
baizdra-t, pi. baydzir, big mace. 

y\)Si bi'zdn, bizdn, falcons, pi. of jW 
bdss, <^)W bdxiyy. 

fr* baimr, beater of a fuller; 
cudgel, mace. 

(cr*0 &<**> i, inf. bais, hurt in a 
haughty manner ; — ba* is, a, 
inp. bu's, bu'us, ba's, bu'sa, 
bi'isa, be very needy, indigent ; 

— ba'us, inp. ba's, be courageous 
and brave in battle; be very 
destitute ; — rv. inp. ib'ds, bring 
on calamity or a defeat ; injure ; 

— vi. inp. tabd'us, show one's 
poverty with self-humiliation ; 

— viii. inp. ibti'ds, be sorrow- 
ful, grieved at (v* bi) ; com- 
plain. 

y^ bi's, hard, severe; — bi's-a, 
fie ! — ba'ie, violent, hard, severe ; 
bold ; indigent, destitute. 

Jl* US, 5, aconite; — bit, pi. 
abydS, hole in the ground for a 
tree (m.). 

(lt*0, "• bayyaS, inp. tabyU= 
bayyad, render the face of a 
man shining and beautiful ; 
(m.) dig a hole in the ground 
to plant a tree ; — rv. inf. 
ibdJa-t, cause to spring forth. 

(<j*e?) bais 9 Ws, misfortune, ca- 
lamity; difficulty. 



(u**0 bad, i, inp. baid, surpass in 
whiteness; lay eggs; have an 
egg-like tumour on the fore- 
foot (horse) ; be very violent 
(heat) ; — lose its moisture 
(wood) ; remain, stay ; rain ; 
be entirely destroyed ; — (m.) 
inf. baydd, be white ; — n. 
inf. tabyid, whiten, white- wash ; 
bleach ; tin ; make a clean 
copy; fill, and, by opposition, 
empty; call forth fine hopes 
and fulfil them; dazzle; — in. 
inf. mubdyada-t, vie and surpass 
in whiteness ; — iv. inf. ibdda-t, 
give birth to white children ; — 
v. inf. tabayyud, be made a 
clean copy of ; — viii. inf. 
ibtiydd, put on the helmet; 
destroy entirely, annihilate ; — 
ix. inf. ibyiddd, and xi. inf. 
ibyiddd, grow white ; observe 
good manners ; be generous. 

yAri baid, surpassing splendour; 
violent heat; tumour on the 
fore-foot of a horse ; eggs (coll.); 

— bid, hens, pi. of u*j*t bayud ; 

— pi. of jth*\ abyad, white ; 
beauties; — buyud, pi. of <jtfW 
bd y id, oviparous, and y**** bayud, 
hen ; — S baida-t, pi. buyud, 
baiddt, coll. baid, egg; testicle; 
fluor albus ; small number of 
men ; place surrounded by 
tents; middle, centre; helmet; 
head-ache ; beauty ; virgin ; 
taXjj3\ ^ baidat-u- d-dik (egg of 
the cock), anything that cannot 
be got. 

U<rf baidd\ f. of j^\ abyad, pi. bid, 
white, shining ; the sun ; white 
paper ; wheat ; pearl-barley ; 
untrodden ground ; sally ; mis- 
fortune ; leathern bag ; pot ; 
snare ; name given to Aleppo 
and other cities ; \**J\ ±J>\ 
at-yad'U-*l-baidd f -u, beneficence, 
merit, glory, power. 

^Urf biddn, white men (in oppo- 
sition to gWj- sttddn, negroes). 



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i5y&*t baidauriyy, oval, elliptical; 
native of Baidia'. 

^5-*** baidiyy, whiteness, purity ; 
oval, elliptical; oval (s.), el- 
lipsis. 

jP*& baifdr, pi. baydfira-t, veteri- 
nary surgeon ; blacksmith. 

fal baifar, biyafr^j^i baifdr, — 
biyafr, tailor; — batyar, inf. S, 
be a veterinary surgeon ; open 
veins or tumours ; — 8 baifara-t, 
profession of a veterinary sur- 
geon. 

(M=(^). 

k*t bail, sperm ; ovum of an ant ; 
uterus, womb. 

j^i baizar, clitoris. 

(C*0 bd', I, inf. bai', mabi', sell 
(two ace. or <$* min, J li, with 
regard to the person) ; pass, be 
for sale ; sell, figuratively, in 
the sense of the English word ; 

— buy ; — in. inf. mubdya'a-t, 
sell to ; do business or make a 
contract with another ; bet ; 
swear lealty, acknowledge as a 
sovereign ; do homage ; — rv. 
inf. ibd'a-t, exhibit or offer for 
sale ; — vi. inf. tabdyu', con- 
clude a sale or make a contract 
between each other ; — vn. inf. 
inbiyd 1 , get sold, sell well ; — 
viii. inf. ibtiyd*, buy ; — x. inf. 
istibd'a-t, wish to sell ; wish to 
be sold (slave). 

gtf bai*, pi. buyn', sale, exchange ; 
merchandise ; acknowledgment 
and inauguration ; cheerfulness ; 

— bayyi\ pi. biya'd', abyi'd', 
seller; merchant; buyer; who 
offers more ; du. bayyi'dn, seller 
and buyer; horse with a wide 
step ; — S bai'a-t, contract of 
sale ; commercial transaction ; 
acknowledgment, recognition ; 
oath of lealty ;— fti'a-tf, pi. biya', 
Christian church ; synagogue ; 
buying and selling. 

(&*) bag, I, inf. baig, perish; 

boil; — ii. inf. tabyig, devote 

.one's self entirely to one thing, 



renouncing everything else ; 
pass, get confused, embarrassed ; 
— v. inf. tabayyug, get confused ; 
boil ; carry away (as passion) ; be 
in abundance. 
&A baig, ebullition, 
e^srf biqdn, trumpets, Ac, pi. of 

%3fi bihq. 
G 2 **) baiqar, inf. S, live in a 
village or town while one's 
people are in the desert ; alight 
and stay in a place; emigrate; 
travel from land to land; go 
from Syria to Iraq ; step along 
proudly ; walk quickly with the 
head bent down ; raise the fore- 
foot (horse), be tired; perish; 
get spoiled ; be doubtful in a 
matter ; try to gather riches ; be 
rich ; — ii. inf. tabaiqur, be in 
abundance ; have rich pastures. 
j*tf baiqar, weaver ; — I baiqara-t, 
abundance of household furni- 
ture; inf. of 0***). 
jj&ai baiqtlr, cattle. 
**^t>* baik, prince (Turk. **Xj). 
fa* baikdr, pi. baydkir, bawdkir, 
pair of compasses (Pers. fa 
barkdr) ; — combat (Pers. fa% 
paikdr). 
j^tt baikar, inf. 8 , measure with 

compasses. 
^Lirf bailasdn, elder, lilac. 
£~Lrf bailasa-t, devilry. 
,Jet bailam, pi. baydlim, bud of 
cotton ; wool of the Egyptian 
papyrus ; pennant, streamer, 
banderol. 
&6t bila-t, making water. 
£}U**jU*t bimdristdn, hospital 

(Pers.). 
((£**) bdn, i, inf. bain, buy tin, 
bainiina-t, be separate, distinct, 
far distant; — inf. bain, bai- 
nUna-t, separate (n.) ; depart ; 
divorce ; be joined to each 
other ; — inf. baun, be eminent, 
distinguish one's self; i, inf. 
baydn, be distinct, appear dis- 
tinctly ; (m.) appear, seem ; — 
render clear, explain; be elo- 



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s* 



qnent and persuasive ; — n. inf. 
tabyin, separate (a.), distinguish; 
render clear, propound, explain, 
show ; bring ; be distinctly per- 
ceptible ; show the first leaves ; 
spring forth ; divorce ; give 
one's daughter in marriage ; 
allow some time to pass, tarry ; 
— in. inp. mubdyana-t, separate 
from another ; intercede ; — iv. 
ink. ibdna-t, sever, separate (a.) ; 
explain ; speak distinctly ; make 
known, publish ; be clear, evi- 
dent ; marry one's daughter ; — 
v. inp. tabayyun, be evident or 
easily understood ; become evi- 
dent ; render clear, reveal ; 
publish ; understand, appre- 
hend ; — vi. inp. tabdyun, sepa- 
rate from each other ; be clear, 
become evident ; — x. inp. isti- 
bana-t-=.v. ; find clear, under- 
stand ; acknowledge. 
{$& bain, separation ; interstice, 
interval ; difference, distinction ; 
absence ; desert ; relation, refer- 
ence, union ; — bin, pi. buyun, 
horizon, reach of sight ; region ; 
boundaries; rising of rugged 
ground ; — bain~a, between, 
among ; **•** <j*t bain-a yadai-hi, 
before him, in his presence ; 
e>«* O*} bain bain, so so, mid- 
dling, indifferent ; — bayyin, pi. 
abyind', bina-t, distinct, clear, 
evident ; — pi. abyind 9 , abydn, 
buyand\ eloquent ; — S bina-t, 
pi. of (£** bayyin\ — bayyina-t, pi. 
bayyindt, evident demonstration, 
clear proof ; evidence ; witness. 
bainaby evergreen (plant). 



k*«* biyant, weaver. 
W*tf baina-md, whilst; mean- 
while. 
&y*t* bainnna-t, separation, inp. of 

(&*>*) bdh, a, inp. baih, notice, 

understand, apprehend. 
U-6e* bathos, lion ; brave ; — n. inf. 

tabaihus, walk along proudly. 
y*6l baihan, narcissus ; dog-rose. 
Sjfcrt baihilj, scarecrow, 
t^jet buyut, pi. of «»^rf bait, house ; 

— bay y tit, stale (bread); cold 

water ; night- work. 
wteyd buyutdt, many houses ; out- 
buildings ; household expenses ; 

inventory. 
*>j*t buyud, inp. of (»*stf) ; jj*> buyuz, 

inf. of (y<*). 
v5*^j** buyurdu, <£*&)}& buyuruldu, 

imperial edict ; firman, passport 

(Turk.). 
[J>yta bay ud, pi. bid, buyud, hen who 

lays many eggs ; — buyud, pi. of 

&-4* baida-t 
£j*t buyiV, commercial transactions, 

Ac, pi. of gtf bai\ 
Vyd bay (in, deep and full ; — 

buydn, horizons, &c, pi. of &t* 

bin ; inf. of ((£**). 
«>*-«* buyait («H>y buwait), small 

house. 
ljt& ba'ira-t, what lies in the 

treasury or storehouse. 
(j^eA ba'U, bold ; hard, severe. 
&4tt* buyaida-t, a sexagonal house, 

or one decorated with paintings. 
J-A ba'tt, small and weak. 
&** bia-t, site, state; habitation; 

hospitable reception. 



**> t, as a numeral sign=400 ; — 
ta, particle of conjuration. 

If ta, f . of U zd, this ; — that, in 
order that; — td\ name of the 
letter **> . 



s^ tdbb, pi. atbdb, tall but weak ; 

sore on the back ; — 8 tdba-t, 

repentance. 
jW ttibdq, stick. 
s-*fc ta'abbub, astonishment, v. (s*ty. 



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JU 



gjV? <dW, plur. Q) -un, tdba', 
taba'a-t, tawdbi', follower; de- 
pendent on a person or thing; 
partisan ; fond of women ; com- 
panion of Mohamet ; spiritus 
familiaris ; guardian, guard ; 
servant; adept; — S tdbi'a-t, pi. 
tawdbi', female companion; con- 
sequence, succession ; — ^ td- 
bi'iyy, S , pi. -un, -at, companion ; 
follower of Mahomet. 

J*fc tdbal, tdbil, (m.) 8 tdbila-t, pi. 
tawdbil, herbs for seasoning; — 
ta'abbul, inf. v. of ( J^), q.v. 

a*Vj tdhah, frying-pan (Pers.) ; 
ta'abuh, pride, haughtiness, v. 

**>yfc tdbUt (8yV* tdbuh), pi. tawdbit, 
shrine; chest; bier, coffin; Ark 
of the Covenant. 

Jj*fc tabid, betel leaf. 

<jt\* ta'abbi, refusal, v. (,jjt) ; — $ 
ta'biya-t, disgust, n. (yt). 

s-^^» fa'^, clamour, n. (s^). 

•*ri^ ta'bid, scaring away, Ac, n. 

jril* ta'bir, fructification of the 

palm-tree, n. (j/\). 
***** ta'Hh, exhortation, Ac., n. 

V?Vl to' ta\ inf. 8, have difficulty 
in pronouncing the letter t; — 
inf. ta'tdt, ta?td\ walk (as a 
child) ; walk along proudly. 

$te tdtdr, Tartar, Scythian. 

s~^» ta'attvb, inf. v. of (s-rt), q.v. 

«fc ta'attuh, delirium, v. (art). 

<J\S ta'tiyy, inf. ii. of (<J\) ; — 
ta'atti, inf. v. of (<j\) ; deriva- 
tion, origin; — 8 ta f tiya-t, making 
a way, inf. ii. of dJ\). 

WV* ta'tib, inf. ii. of (s-fl). 

ii^V? ta'assus, furnishing, furniture, 
inf. v. of (^). 

y\3 ta'assur, following one's tracks ; 
inf. v. of (f\). 

JA> ta'a,88ul, being firmly rooted, 
Ac., inf. v. of (Jfl). 



«^fo to* sis, furnishing a house, ii. 

jtt* ta'sir, impression, influence, 
ii. (S\) ; — tatdsir, beadles, Ac., 
pi. of )ff tu'sur. 

«-**to tdsif, support, Ac, ii. («-^). 

*&* ta'sim, accusation, sin, n. 

gv* tdj, pi. ttjdn, crown, diadem; 
comb ; mane ; at-tdj, lion. 

&te ta'ajjuj, conflagration, v. ($\). 

yt\5 tdjir, pi. tijdr, tujjdr, tajr, tujr, 
merchant ; wine-seller ; — f . 8 , 
clever, skilful ; looked for, sell- 
ing well. 

J*^ ta'ajjul, term, Ac, v. ( J*t). 

&*te ta'jij, inflammation, inflaming, 

ii- W). 
^-^ fojir, baking bricks, n. (jA). 
J**^ to*j£Z, fixing a term; delay, 

prolongation, respite, Ac, n. 

•»»•« ta'ahhud, isolation, Ac, v. 

(**k tdhim, weaver. 

(«^0 tdhi, gardener, watchman. 

»\^v> to? hid, profession of one God, 

Ac, II. (4-J). 

£V> tdhh, having no appetite. 
♦SUA? ta'fydz, acceptation ; receiving. 
^s ta'afikur, delay, remaining 
behind, coming late, Ac, v. 

o^tf ta'ahlfi, inf. v. of (f»\) ; — 
ta'dbi, being brotherly ; con- 
cord, agreement, vi. of the 
same. 

j^s toU^ir, delay, procrastination, 
postponing, n. (/A). 

*t>& ta'addub, good breeding, lite- 
rary education; v. (s^). 

^*A» ta'addi, inf. of v., ta'ddi, inf. 
of vi. (y>\), q.v. ; — 8 ta'diya-t, 
causing to arrive, sending, pay- 
ment, Ac, ii. (tj»rt). 

sh>*>^ ta'dib, good education, polite- 
ness, cultivation; chastisement; 
pi. -at, admonitions. 

Q&s ta'azzun, publication, Ac, v. 



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v3-H» ta'azzi, injury, insult, v. 

(**«). " 

&.&S ta'zin, permission; exhorta- 
tion ; call to prayer, n. (e^). 

(Js) tdar, a., inf. ta'r, molest, 
plague, hinder ; — iv. inp. War, 
follow with the eyes; look sharply 
at; beat. 

ft tdr, pi. jSS ti'ar, turn, time ; — 
tdrr, S , juicy ; fleshy ; weak from 
hunger ; far from home ; — S 
tdra-t, pi. ti'ar, tdrdt, turn, 
time ; — taWat-an, once ; tdrat-an 
tdrat-an, now . . . then, at one 
time ... at another. 

\*>\}S tdrdt, malice ; pi. of 8jV> tdra-t, 

*^>y* ta'arrub, raising difficulties, 

affectation, v. (s^)- 
*±>^* ta'arrus, conflagration, being 

lit, V. (*,t). 

Sjfc ta'arruj, fragrance, scent, v. 
ty* ta'arruh, putting the date, v. 

, W 

jjw tdriz, hard ; dry ; dead. 
<j*fi tdris, /armed with a shield. 
J^s tdrti, light, flighty, fickle. 
<j©j\? tdris, strongly-built (horse, 

Ac). 
**V>Vj tdriJc, leaving, renouncing. 
s-st^> ta'rib, fastening, making firm, 

Ac, ii. (s^t). 
i^Sh^F fa'rfe, sowing discord, n. 

|4j^ ta'rih, pi. tawdrih, putting the 
date, date ; history, chronicle ; 
chronology, era ; end, extreme 
limit ; II. (t£) ; — \S ^ViAiyy, 
historian ; chronologist. 

ij~ijG ta'ris, agriculture ; taking in 
service, n. (<j*^). 

j^fi to? rid, inp. ii. of (u*^), q.v. 

i-Ai)V> tdrif, limitation, n. (*-*/). 

hp ta'riya-t, inf. ii. of (^), q.v. 

jl* ta'az, a, inf. to'«, close (n.), come 
to close quarters. 

s\\5 ta'azzar, put on the izdr, v. 

\\\> ta'azztus, boiling, agitation, v. 

Oi). 



«j^ tdzah, fresh, young, green, 
tender (Pers.). 

iS$* tdziyy, of Arabian origin ; 
sporting dog (Pers.) ; — ta'azzi, 
assembling, &c, v. (<jjty 

>>j^ fa'*£r, veiling, n. (j)\). 

u~~\s ta'aseus, having a firm founda- 
tion, foundation, v. (y*^). 

frte tan', f . I , ninth. 

UlJs ta'asmf, sighing, groaning, 
lamenting, &c, v. (<-A^). 

\*yJs tdsiVd', the ninth day of the 
month Muharram. 

pjjj tdsum, I , pi. tawdsim, sandal, 
shoe. 

^5-A* ta'assi, inf. v.; ta'dei, INF. 
vi. ; — S ta'siya-t, inf. ii. of 
( { jr^ ; y~\) ; consolation ; taking 
example. 

^*-^ fo^ir, tying up, II. ( j-\) ; — 
ta'dsir, girth-leathers. 

v~4~*\* ta'sis, laying the foundation, 
foundation ; confirmation, the 
fundamental letter of a rhyme. 

*-r**te ta'aMvh, dense growth, crowd, 
v. (s-^). 

0^1? ta'aUun, washing with usndn, 

S-***« foV&, INF. II. Of (s-^). 

^**^ to' sir, filing of the teeth, n. 

u**»* ta'ssus, assembling, v. (<./>*). 

J*^» ta'assul, being firmly rooted, 
v. ( J.V). 

v^tj-oV? /aVis, making firm, n. (^). 

Jo-o^» foVtZ, rooting firmly, consider- 
ing noble, ii. (i]H). 

J^s ta'attur, inf. v. of (jM), q.v. 

^J»^ ta'tid, making firm, consoli- 
dation, ii. (»*U). 

pj°te ta'fir, inf. ii. of (jU), q.v. 

er**^ td'is, dying (u~*0- 

£*^ <tt c a-<, lump. 

,& tdfir, dirty. 

«-4*^ ta'affuf, inf. v. of (wrt). 

v>*^ ta'affvq, coming from distant 
parts, v. (s3*\). 

Ul^\S ta'jif, INF. II. of (U\). 

J**^ tafil, procuring honour, n. 

(J«). 
&tV> fc£/&, a little ; insignificant. 



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&to t&fa-t, defect, fault, vice ; need, 
want; excess; delay. 

Ms ta'aqa-t, burst of anger; pas- 
sionateness. 

d\S tdk, f. of *±>U zdk, that; — 
tdkk, pi. tdhhun, takaka-t, tulcdh, 
tukak, foolish, stupid; emaciated ; 
on the verge of ruin. 

J*VJ ta'akkul, inf. v. of (Jtf) ; 
(m.) itching. 

J^fc ta'kid, consolidation; confir- 
mation ; attestation ; perseve- 
rance ; emphasis ; security ; 
certainty ; enjoining ; — ta'dkid, 
pi. girth-leathers. 

UlJ\s ta'kif, saddling, n. (*J^). 

Ja^fc ta'Ml, inviting to eat, &c, u. 

Jfc tdl, I , shoots of the palm-tree ; 
— tdUin, see ^^ tali ; — tall, 
wandering. 

s-J^ ta'lab, strong ; name of a tree. 

jJtf disinherited property; home- 
bred cattle; — ta'allud, getting 
confused, confusion, v. (^T). 

U&\3 ta'alluf, inf. v. of (Utft). 

<jto ta'alluq, shining, <fec, v. (vJp\). 

oXto tdUka, f. of «tUU zdlika, that. 

jJVJ ta'allum, suffering pain, pain, 
grief ; irritation ; thirst for 
vengeance, vindictiveness, v. 

a3V> tcLdUuhy adoration, v. (J&X) ; — 
J&*M A\S tdlihu-'Vaql-i, mad. 

^ tdliy following, subsequent ; 
reader; the fourth horse in a 
race ; — ta'alli, inf. v. of (<^ = 
JX) ; — 5 tdliya-t, pi. tawdli, 
extremity (foot, &c.) ; subsequent 
part. 

jL*ife ta'dlid, pi. generations. 

ajl; to'hy, pi. ta'lifdt, ta'dlif, lite- 
rary composition, work, publica- 
tion, ii. (<-*H). 

JJV> fa'ZiZ, sharpening into a point, 

^l? ta'lim, causing pain, n. (^). 

aJVf fo'Zi^, apotheosis, n. (*tt). 

(f \i) ta'am, be born as a twin ; — 
in. inf. mutd'ama-t, id. ; be a 
twin ; weave with a double 



warp; race again immediately 
after a race ; — iv. inf. if dm, 
give birth to twins; (m.) be 
double-barrelled ; — viii. inf. 
itti'dm, kill a milch sheep. 

fV? tdmm, whole, complete, per- 
fect. 

y\3 tdmir, rich in dates ; — ta'am- 
mur, mutual consultation, vi 
Cr^) » — <£ ta'muriyy, some 
body. 

*&•$ tdmik, hump of a camel 
camel with a large hump. 

J*^> toUammul, pi. -at, thought 
contemplation ; meditation ; re- 
flection, v. (si-V). 

j**Vj ta'ammum, considering as or 
taking for a mother, v. (^) ; 
washing with sand, for (»+£ 
tayammum. 

)f\5 ta'mtir, tdmur, somebody, any- 
body ; something, anything ; 
soul; breath; spirits of life; 
blood; — tdmur, S tdmura-t, heart ; 
wine ; water ; saffron ; monastic 
life ; monastery ; lion's den ; 
prime minister, vizier ; embryo ; 
puppet, doll; purse; box; jug; 
— ^,5 ta'milriyy, somebody. 

^fto ta'ammi, buying a female 
slave, v. (0^=^). 

**~**te ta'mit, defining the number 
or quantity of anything, 11. 

J^fc ta'mid, fix the end or term, 

11. (J*t). 
j#»\5 ta'mir, raising to the dignity 
of a prince, 11. (y\) ; — ta'dmir, 
pi. of jy*f tu'miir, stone as road- 
sign in the desert. 

J**^ ta'mil, hoping strongly, mak- 
ing hope, 11. ( J*t). 

pt+\5 ta'mim, causing to do, ordain- 
ing, 11. ( r t). 

($#»\* ta'min, confiding, inspiring 
confidence, 11. (<^). 

(^ tan, thread ; — tdni, these two, 
f . du. of U zd ; — ta'ann-in, see 
<^V? ta'anni. 

q\m to? nan, finding pleasure with, 
n. fa\). 



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Jj**fc tdmbtil, betel-leaf (Pers.). 

*£*s\5 ta'annus, emolliating, effemi- 
nacy, v. (v£M). 

ij»i\5 ta'annus, becoming man (of 
Christ) ; humane or familiar 
treatment, v. (u~rt). 

«-A*\? ta'annuf, aversion, disgust, v. 

(u*rt). 

<JP^ ta'annuq, carefulness, solici- 
tude, daintiness, v. (<3^). 

«*k^ tdniha, tdnniha, those two, f. 
du. of U zd. 

q>\3 ta'annun, inf. v. of (^) = ^\? 
ta'ndn. 

ij\3 tdni 1 , peasant, countryman ; — 
ta'anni (q\5 ta'ann-iri), slowness, 
gentleness, considerateness, v. 
(o^) ; — 8 ta'niya-t, the same, 

ii. u\). 

s-*a*^ ta'nib, expostulation, reproof, 
ii. (s^). 

*±+4\s ta'nis, give a feminine termi- 
nation ; feminine gender ; effemi- 
nacy, ii. (v!*rt). 

v*^^ ta'nis, taming, accustoming, 
making familiar ; being friendly, 
ii. (u-rt). 

Ul£\s ta'nif, inf. ii. of («-***). 

^b ta'nin, inp. ii. of (^)=(j)Vi^ 
ta'ndn, 

s-^ ta'ahhiib, readiness, prepara- 
tion, v. (s-*J^). 

(JflA>) ta'ahhul, marriage, v. (J^). 

p*te ta'ahhum, inp. v. of ^e» , q.v. 

tJt\3 ta'ahhuh, sighing, v. (<rt). 

j)*\5 tdhUr, cloud. 

s-**^ ta'hib, getting ready, prepa- 
ration, ii. (s-^). 

J*ate ta'hil, welcome; considering 
worthy, n. (J**). 

s^ ta'avrwub, return; coming at 
night-time, v. (v>^). 

&t)fi tawuriyyat, theory (m.). 

Jj\> ta'awumly explanation, v. (J^). 

5*\J ta'awvmh, sighing, sigh, v. 

^\s tdvn, falling, dying ; — tdawwi, 
v., ta'dwi, vi. (jj#), alighting, 
gathering together ; — tdwiyy, 
terminating in the letter **> ; — 



S ta'wiya-t, alighting, hospitable 
reception, n. (^). 
s-«i^ ta'tvib, repetition, return, n. 

•tyfc ta'wid, folding, &c, n. (*#). 

&)\5 ta'wiq, vexing, &c, ii. («J^). 

Ji^s ta'wil, explanation, commen- 
tary ; analysis ; interpretation 
of a dream, ii. (J^) ; — ^ 
ta'wiliyy, explanatory, &c. . 

rtfi ta'wim, causing thirst, &c, n. 

*i^3 ta'wih, gioaning, lamenting, 

(<Js) ta'a, a, inp. ta'y, go in ad- 
vance, precede, overtake. 

^ tdi, tea ; — 8 tdya-t=h^ f aya-t> 
flat roof, &c. 

s-fl> td'ib, repenting, penitent. 

s-*fc ta'ayyub, return, v. (s-s^= 

gfV? frfi/, crowned. 

joV* ta'ayyud, strengthening, se- 
curity, v. (^). 

/fc fa'i'r, beginning afresh ear- 
nestly. 

^Hfcfc ta'ayyus, despair, v. (crtf). 

^j^Vj td'iq, desirous, intent upon. 

otfV? td'ik, malicious fool. 

f^S ta'ayyum, widowhood, v. (jtft). 

<tfl> fcft'A, haughty; gone astray, 
lost ; (m.) dispersed. 

^\S ta'ayyi, slowness, v. ta'dwi, 
going straight towards, vi. (yj$) . 

— td'iyy, terminating with the 
letter «t> . 

s-**\5 ta'yib, return, n. (s-s^=s^). 
j^U? ta'yid, pi. -ai, assistance, help ; 

support ; proof ; authorisation, 

n. (*t ). 
u-dt^ ta'yis, bringing to despair, 

Ac, ii. (lt^)- 
a^Vj ta'yim, making a widow, n. 

(s-f ) to65, inp. fa&6, to6(!6, tabtb, cut 
off ; destroy ; be always at loss ; 

— tubb, id. ; perish ; — n. inf. 
tatbib, injure, ruin; imprecate, 
wish ruin to anyone ; — iv. inf. 
ifbdb, weaken ; abstain from 
(t^A ( an) ; — x. inf. istitbdb, be 



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in good order, be perfected, 
completed. 

s-*> tabb, S , loss, ruin ; — 8 tibba-t, 
distress. 

*«»W? tabdbi'a-t, \ pi. of & tubba', 

e*»W? tabdU, ) q.v. 

JtrfW tabdbil, hatreds, pi. of J*? 
tabl. 

t)**W> tabdbin, breeches, pi. of <$W* 
tvbbdn. 

^ tabddd, hand to hand fight, 
yi. (*). 

J*>W» tabddul, exchange, inter- 
change ; permutation, trans- 
Csition ; reciprocity, vi. (J*). 
tabddid, pi. dispersed (birds). 

jW» tabdr, ruin, destruction. 

£»j^s tabdr thy pi. passionate de- 
sires. 

iJtyW* tabdr iq, pi. anything mode- 
rately spiced or seasoned. 

J»W> fafofy*, slowness, vi. (jW). 

£W» h'6a*, succession of things, 
continuation ; inp. hi. of (g*>) ; 
pi. of g*tS tabi', q.v. ; — £ W* 
.;&~*tt tvbbd'u-Wa&kar'i, military 
train ; — S tabd'a-t, punishment ; 
inf. of g-S tabi 1 , q.v. ; — tibd'a-t, 
consequence ; bad end ; — h ta- 
bdHyya-t, obedience; dependence; 
retainership. 

JW* tabbdl, who spices, seasons. 

t)W* tabbdn, seller of straw ; (m.) 
straw magazine ; — tubbdn, pi. 
tabdbin, short trowsers of a 
sailor ; — i tabdna4, sagacity, 
inf. of ((ft*). 

jW* tabdwu', inf. vi. of (j*), q.v. 

tfiM tabdyun, difference; contra- 
diction ; contrast ; incommen- 
surability ; departure, vi. ((^). 

s-**» tabab, ruin, perdition, death. 

(s~***) tabtab 9 inf. 5 , grow old. 

J**> tabattul, celibacy, v. ( Jsj). 

(vA-*tJ), inf. toft*, grieve, sorrow. 

$***? tabajbuj, swelling, tumour. 

g%*> tabajjuj, great rejoicing. 

**>)&*%** tabjildt, pi. of J*%*> fatyiZ, 
ii. of (Jr.), ceremonies, compli- 
ments, applause. 

j;J^ tabadruq, dissipation (m.). 



J»M tabaddul, inf. v. of (J***) ; 
holiday-clothes ; pi. tdbaddiddt, 
changes of persons ; permuta- 
tions. 

3>«M tabdi', inf. ii. of (&**) ; pi. 
tabddi\ unheard-of things, any- 
thing extraordinary. 

Ji^M tabdU, inf. ii. of (J*) ; pi. 
•at, transposition; substitution; 
compensation ; pi. changes in 
ministry ; tabdil-an, in a dis- 
guised manner, with dissimula- 
tion. 

&*<** tabdiya-t, receiving as a no- 
vice, ii. 0*). 

^a-j tibzdr, talker, babbler ; — * 
tibzdra-t, spendthrift. 

(p*) tabar, i, inf. tabr, break into 
pieces ; destroy ; annihilate ; — 
tabir, a, inf. tabar, perish ; sepa- 
rate (n.) ; — ii. inf. tatbir, break 
into pieces ; annihilate ; — iv. 
iibdr, abstain from (^ 'an). 

^5 tabr, destruction (a.) ; tabr, tabar, 
ruin ; — tibr, pi. tubur, gold or 
silver from the mine ; fragments 
of metal, glass, Ac; 5 tibra-t, 
lump of gold, &c. 

*±^;** tabraJc, kneeling, inf. ii. of 

j\p* tdbar'ul, ruffling of the fea- 
thers. 

t*y£ tabarduh, smoothness ; polish ; 
good breeding, culture (m.). 

£j£ tabarru ( , pi. -dt, free gift or 
vow; pious foundation; tabar- 
ru'-an, gratis. 

f&ji* tabar'um, budding. 

U&F? tabargus, quivering, con- 
vulsion. 

j«? tabarruq, adorning one's self. 

&j*5 tabarruk, pi. -at, blessing; 
good omen ; abundance, wealth ; 
relics ; gifts, presents, leavings 
of the great ; honours, dignities ; 
— ^,5 tabarruhiyy, compliment 
(m.). m 9 

%$ tabarru 9 , ^$p* tabarri, justifica- 
tion, absolution (pass.). 

fytS tabrih, pi. tabdrih, vexation, 
grief, 

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y,ji* tabriz, inf. ii. of (3/), q.v. ; 
town Tebris ; — tibriz, table 
(Pers.). 

#F* tabri'a-t, absolution ; setting 
free ; cure, 11. (ty) ; — tibriya-t, 
dandriff. 

«JM tabazzuq, spitting. 

#)*> tibzila-t, tibzUla-t, dwarfish. 

$yt* tabzig, bleeding, venesection. 

l*~*> tabassuf, vast extent ; roaming, 
wandering about. 

f*~~t* tabas8um, smile. 

< J ^p*~t5 tabasbuS, joy fulness, glad- 
ness. 

(jt-M taba$M, friendliness. 

jt~**i3 tab&r, 11. (/**), pi. tabdtir, 
good news; preaching of the 
Gospel ; Angelus in the Mass ; 
announcement ; first light of 
the morning. 

u*«-*tS tabasbus, flatteries. 

S^o-J tabsira-ty what renders pru- 
dent ; a caution. 

£«**? tabsiya-t, castration. 

jjla*> tabafruq, graceful walk. 

&M tabfi'a-t, delay. 

(£->) tabi 1 , A, inf. taba', tibd', 
tabd'a-t, follow, join a person, 
obey, serve ; follow a doctrine ; 
— 11. tatbi', seek or strive for 
zealously ; cause one to follow 
another ; — in. inf. tibd', cause 
one thing to succeed another 
immediately ; inf. tibd', mutd- 
ba'a-t, make equally firm and 
strong in every part; render 
fat; pursue with zeal and gain 
a solid knowledge of ; write 
books continually ; follow a 
person's tracks ; follow and 
emulate ; — iv. inf. itbd 1 , follow 
and overtake ; cause one to 
follow and overtake another; 
send after; cause to succeed, 
give in addition ; — v. inf. 
tatabbu', seek or strive for 
zealously ; follow up the de- 
velopment of a thing; dwell 
upon ; — vi. inf. tatdbu 1 , happen 
repeatedly, do repeatedly or in 
quick succession ; arrive one 



after another; succeed to each 
other ; — viii. inf. ittibd', follow ; 
reach ; seek zealously ; pursue ; 
— x. inf. istitbd', ask or wish one 
to follow ; lead. 

g*J tdba', pi. atbd', successor, com- 
panion ; emulator, disciple ; in- 
tent on a thing ; (m.) belonging 
to, proj>erty ; foot of a quadru- 
ped; pi. of £*Vj tdbi', follower, 
&c. ; inf. of (g*>) ; — tabi', emu- 
lator ; intent on ; — tib*, suitor ; 
lover ; — tvbba', pi. tabdbi'a-t, 
title of the Himyarite kings ; 
Aldabaran (star) ; pi. tabdbi', 
mother bee ; — tubba', tvbbu\ 
shadow ; — S tabi l a-t, conse- 
quence ; punishment ; bad end ; 
continual effort. 

•*«** taba"ud, removal. 

jy*H taba'zuq, dissipation. 

v ^*t? taba'iyy, dependent ; — 5 taba- 
Hyya-t, dependence ; imitation ; 
— tab'iyya-t, consequence, suc- 
cession ; dependence ; retainer- 
ship. 

£** tabg, tobacco. 

j***» tabagsur, confusion. 

£***> tabagnuj, coquettishness, amo- 
rous allurements. 

JM tabaqqi (£*M tabqiya-t), pre- 
servation, n. ; tabaqqi, remain- 
ing, remaining alive, v. of (o*0* 

\£e* tabkd\ tibkd', violent weeping. 

uv~£*? tabhit, reproach, reproof ; 
remorse ; qualms of conscience. 

£<*£** tabkiya-t, causing to weep, 
weeping, lamenting, inf. ii. of 

(J**) tabal, u, inf. tabi, consume, 
drive out of one's senses ; con- 
fuse a man's mind (woman); 
destroy, annihilate ; — 1., n. 
inf. tatbil, in. inf. mutdbala-t, 
8 pice, season ; — iv. inf. itbdl, 
drive out of one's senses ; hate ; 
inflict a calamity ; destroy, anni- 
hilate. 

Jt? tabi, pi. tvbul, tabdbil, hatred ; 
pi. atbdl, illness ; — tabil, de- 
structive. 



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d*^ tabliga-t, pi. tabdlig, rope for 

pulling a water-wheel. 
M*? tablity paving, n. (U*) ; (m.) 

altar-stone. 
0*» fa&w, intelligent ; penetrating, 
sagacious ; — tabn, tdban, see 
((£**) ; — tibn, pi. atfcm, tubdn, 
straw; generous lord; a large 
dish. 
(e*>) taban, i, inf. tabn, feed the 
cattle with straw ; sell straw ; — 
tdbin, a, inf. taban, tabdna~t, be 
penetrating, sagacious, intelli- 
gent ; — ii. id. ; bring the straw 
into the barn ; — vni. inf. 
ittibdn, put on the short trowsers 
tubbdn ;— -8 tibna-t, stalk of straw; 
— h tabniya-t, solid building; 
adoption, n. (^). 
JW tabahlul, laughing. 
(>*>) tabd, v, inf. tabw, invade and 

make booty. 
p* tabaicwu', taking possession of ; 

inhabiting, v. (j>). 
v»j*> tabbiib, place of perdition; 
desert ; — tabawwub, taking for 
a door-keeper, v. (v>j*). 
**>y£ tabid, bier ; chest. 
*>jj*» tabaurud, taking fresh air 

(m.). 
Lyi* taba"ut, lying on the side. 
sHt»y tabwjb, division into chapters ; 

(m.) guidance. 
ftp* tabwir, leaving land fallow. 
Lr*j*> tabwU, kissing. 
Ok j** taburiq, a blast of the trumpet. 
k+£ tabwiya-t, inf. ii. of (j*), q.v. 
C)W tabydn, tibydn, explanation ; 
comment ; expounding ; mani- 
festation, inf. of (&*). 
w***> tabib, damage, loss, ruin. 
&y*)3 tvbaixila-t, little dwarf. 
£** tabaitur, being shod, cure of a 

horse, <fcc. 
&** tabi', I , follower ; tabi'a-t, 
suit; pi. tibd', tabd'V, calf fol- 
lowing its mother; companion, 
helper; debtor; who searches, 
strives zealously. 
y** tabayyu 7 , ^^ tabayyi, inten- 
tion, purpose. 



jte tatdr, Tartar. 

J^s tatdli, uninterrupted succes- 
sion, vi. (jl>). 
Qt& tatabbu', zealous study. 
fS tatar, Tartar; — ^ tatra, one 
after the other ; — tatariyy, foot- 
soldier (m.). 
£sas> tataHu', hesitating, stammer- 
ing ; (m.) idle talk. 
JfcS tatfal, titjU, tutful, pi. tatdfil, 

fox ; whelp of a fox. 
Jtf tatalli, inf. v. 3 tatliya-t, n. 
of (Js), following; dunning, 
pressing for payment. 
gWs tutmdj, vermicelli. 
*♦*> tatimma-t, pi. -dt, supplement, 

appendix, integration. 
{$& tutun, tobacco (m.). 
fS tatw, tassel of a cap. 
&tif5 tatvnba-t, repentance. 
s-*ijtf tatwtb, calling to repentance. 
<j*s±& tashin, rudeness. 
*V/» tasrid, inf. ii. of (*>/), breaking 

bread, &c. ; slight rain. 
J# tasal, an aroma. 
*A*elff taslis, inf. ii. of (oJtf) ; 

trinity. 
«1# taslij, being icy cold ; icy cold. 
&**& tasniya-t, inf. ii. of (^); 
dual; £\y*>y\ ***» tamiyatu'U 
is'tird'-i, Deuteronomy. 
*t>j# tasa"ub, yawning, v. (s-*^). 
hps tasmyat, detaining, hospitable 

reception; death; n. (^y). 
^ tasy, wild date. 
s->W tijdb, silver obtained at the 

first melting of the ore. 
j\+? tvjjcfor, merchants, pi. of ^ 
tdjir ; — S tijdra-t, commerce ; 
traffic. 
s^W tajdrib, experiments, trials, 

pi. of kfr tajriba-t. 
%&+? tajdri, commerce, intercourse ; 
vi. (<3/t) ; — tujjdriyy, commer- 
cial, mercantile. 
•tyW tajdrid, detached troops; 

military expeditions. 
^jW* tajdzi, pressing demand. 
*-MW tajdfif, pi. of ^VV tijfdf. 
J^V tajdll, exalting one's self, vi. 



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C5*> 



cr*W tajdlua, sitting, session. 

•^W tajdlid, person ; figure, 
shape. 

0^ tajdnn, &\+? tajdnun, vi. (^) 
madness. 

*W tajdh, tijdh, tujdh, opposite, in 
front of, vis a vis. 

*\>;l%? tajdwid, rain. 

)*jW tajdwiz, pi. oi\\y^ tajwdz. 

*-A*jW tajdwif, holes, cavities, pi. 
of *-** j V tajwif. 

*r>W%» tijbdb, vein of silver. 

jW%> tajbdr, haughtiness. 

A«*V tajbiya-t, bow, obeisance. 

<-Ai»iV tajdif, ])\.tajddif, blasphemy. 

jjt^v tajzir, extraction of a root ; 
eradication. 

^i^V tajzim, amputation. 

Ov) fa/ar, tt, inf. to/r, tijdra-t, 
carry on commerce, traffic ; — 
in. inp. mutdjara-t, iv. inf. 
itjdr, viii. inf. ittijdr, id. 

;V tu/w, merchants, pi. of j*V? 
to/ir. 

£^V tajriba-t, pi. tajdrib, tajdrib, 
trial, essay, experiment ; experi- 
ence. 

»>jV tajarrud, inf. v. of (*>/►), <l v - \ 
(m.) impartiality. 

*tyV tajrid, inf. ii. of (*>;*), q.v. ; 
ascetic life; pi. tajdrid, military 
expeditions; sending of a de- 
tachment ; — * tajrida-t, detach- 
ment. 

(*)*> tajrim, fine, mulct. 

Jfyv tajri'a-t, <J^» tajrV, encou- 
raging, II. (#0 ;— ky+? tajriya-t, 

INF. II. Of (otfO> <l- v - 

j^V tajazzu 9 , being satisfied, v. 

(V)- 

<4^ tajazzi, *fyv tajziya-t, divid- 
ing. 

*x~*> tajassud, incarnation, incor- 
poration, v. (**— *). 

U m,m.^» taja88U8, exploring, spying 
out, &c, v. (lt*)- 

^a^b* tajaM, v. &Uv tajs?a-t, n. 
of (U^), belching. 

^jU^J tojf/tf/, pi. c-M^fc? fo/«/t/, 
armour of a horseman and his 
horse ; housing, saddle-cloth. 



tajfiya-t, lopping of trees, n. 

fl^> tajilla-t, respect, esteem, reve- 
rence. 

ij+? tajalli, v. (£*■), pi. -at, reve- 
lation ; apparition ; transfigu- 
ration ; epiphany ; splendour ; 
— v. (^J+), preference, pre-emi- 
nence ; — a tajliya-t, polishing, 
making smooth; revealing; ex- 
plaining, ii. (jW), (J+). 

J+V tajammul, v. of J** jamal, 
q.v. ; pomp ; pi. tajammuldt, 
ornaments, pieces of furniture, 
articles of luxury. 

(*V tajammum, v. (,*►) ; (m.) full 
measure. 

jy+? tajanzur, concatination (m.) 

u »«fr*V tajnis, inf. ii. of (lt*0 ; 
alliteration ; play on words ; 
figure of speech. 

«*^V tajnik, heat of battle (m.). 

(&^) tajah, a, originating from 
&+*\ ittajah, viii. of **j wajah, 
turn the faces towards each 
other. 

2«6V tajhiya-t, widening, n. (o9^). 

s->^jV tajwdb, inf. of (s->yO> q.v. 

j\jV tijwdz, pi. tajdwiz, a striped 
garment. 

J\jV tajwdl, inf. ii. of (Jj*), 
roaming about in distant parts. 

jjV tajawwuz, inf. of j*> ; vulg. 
for $$ tazawwuj, marriage. 

£jV tajawwu', starving one's self ; 
abstaining from food. 

J^jV tajtvid, doing or speaking 
right ; swift running of a horse, 
ii. (^). 

ji^V tajwiz, inf. ii. of (jft*) ; (m.) 
for &tf tazvnj, giving in mar- 
riage. 

«-A*jV tajwif, hollowing, n. (<->j*) ; 
pi. tajwifdt, tajdwif, cavities, hol- 
lows, holes. 

hf& tajwiya-t, taming, domestica- 
tion. 

jt^ tajir, pressed olive-seed ; 
residue. 

<j&*V tajayyut, great excitement; 



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<JW 



enabling of the troops under 
their colours. 

<- A *V tajayyufy putrefaction. 

^ :c» > fey'*/, frightening, n. of 
(^W) ; — putrefaction, n. («-**«►). 

s^O tahdbb, s-** W tahdbub, mutual 
love, vi. (s-o>). 

^W toArtii, shunning, being on 
one's guard against (&* rain). 

y W iahdluz, dialogue. 

jJW tahdlim,y>\. of **W tahlama-t; 
— tahdlum, vi. of (^). 

G)W tahdnn, strong emotion, vio- 
lent desire. 

o>W tahdni, leaning against. 

jjW tahdwur, dialogue. 

v>jW tahdvms, ensnaring, sur- 
rounding with nets. 

Ja^W tahdwil, alternately fertile 
and sterile years. 

«JtfW tahd'if, presents ; jewellery. 

s-W tahabbub, showing love; 
granulating, v. (s-^-). 

u-W faAa&faw, being imprisoned ; 
detention. 

ja**s» /a/&ir, inf. ii. of (;**•) ; 
elegant style. 

u^-mW foA&fo, imprisonment; de- 
tention ; reservation, proviso. 

**X*W tahbik, n. (*lt»)> q.v. ; 

(m.) indentation ; twisting, 

plaiting. 
£«*? tahbiya-t, defence, protection, 
(c^**) taht, the lower part ; under, 

below ; — hence : tahat, sit down 

at the lower end, occupy a low 

place ; — tufrut, pi. the lower 

classes. 
^VW tafrtdniyy, inferior; low; 

marked with dots beneath 

(letter) ; lowly placed. 
(eW) tahtah, inf. 3, move, stir 

(with a noise) ; — n. inf. tatafr- 

tuh, id. 
W^J tahtaha-t y noise in moving. 

tahattum, benevolence, v. 

1 tahtiyy, low, inferior. 
iahtisy weakness. 



t tahsls, spurring on, urging. 

g^*? tahajjuj, pretext, subterfuge, 
excuse. 

I***? tahajjum, great avarice. 

^J^s» tahaddus, inf. v. of (*±*w) ; 
conversation ; recent event ; 
result. 

I*W tahaddum, rage ; boiling. 

J.W tahazzul, compassion. 

\j*)*f taharrus, ^r^j^ taharhus, 
challenge. 

)*j^ taharmuz, inf. ii. of y+f* 
harmaz ; illegitimate birth. 

fly*? tahrir, inf. ii. (j±) ; devoting 
one's self to God ; <j*±<&\ fly*? 
tahrir ialidas, Euclid's elements ; 
pi. tahrir at, letter, note, notice ; 
pi. documents, despatches. 

U*y*t tahrif, inf. ii. of (^f-) ; 
permutation of letters ; ana- 
gram. 

ft?*? tahrim, inf. ii. of (^) ; 
donning the dress of pilgri- 
mage ; — tahrimiyy, unlawful. 

v>)*> tahazzub, n. s^ ; party ; 
confederation ; set of persons. 

$*? tahazzu, ^^ tahazzi, sooth- 
saying. 

Qi^aJ tahzin, grieving ; reading the 
Koran in public. 

4W tahaamf, falling of the hair. 
{£#~+f tahsin, n. (o— *•) ; pl« tahd- 
8in, good action, benefit ; ap- 
proval. 
£*&w> tah6iya-t, trimming the edge 

of a garment ; marginal notes. 
J-W tahassul, v. (J—) ; produce, 
(jj-w tahassun, v. ((£**•) ; chastity. 

; Udfl«*> tahsilddr, tax-gatherer. 
(^aW tahsm, n. (t>"fO ; thorough- 

bredness of a stallion. 
(JW) tuhaf, pi. of *W tuhfa4\ 
— ii. inf. tatfyif, adorn ; — iv. 
inf. itfrdf, bestow costly pre- 
sents ; present with ; — $ tulrfa-t, 
tuhafa-t, pi. tufyaf, tafrd'if, pre- 
sent ; favour ; tribute ; anything 
precious, beautiful, rare and fit 



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object for a present; master- 
piece. 

*«^W tahfdya-t, respectful treat- 
ment, inf. (J*»»). 

b>W tahaffuz, v. (kfc>) ; (m.) quaran- 
tine. 

JW tahafftd, v. ( J**.) ; numerous 
assembly. 

^+? tahafft, v. (vj^); humanity, 
humane proceedings. 

•*W tahaqqud, grudge, inveterate 
hatred. 

«JkW tahqiq, n. (<J»») ; pi. tahqtqdt, 
certain truths; — ^ tahqtqiyy, 
certain ; affirmative. 

(*£*? tahakkum, v. (pZ*-) ; usurpa- 
tion, disposal. 

J*> tahill, redeeming one's oath ; 

— » tahilla-t, permission, dispen- 
sation ; absolution ; redeeming 
of an oath. 

jW tahldq, shaving. 

J*W tahlily inf. ii. of (J*-) ; cure ; 
— S tahlila-t t permission ; dispen- 
sation ; absolution. 

(f**j) taham, u, inf. tahm, weave 
a variegated or striped garment ; 

— ix. ithamm, inf. ithimdm, be 
black ; — I tahama-t, yellow- 
striped stuffs ; — tahimma-t, 
dresses which a divorced wife 
receives; — tuhma-t, deep black 
colour. 

JUfc? tihimmaly bearing, suffering. 

is***? taJbammi, abstinence; pro- 
tecting one's self ; — S tahmiya-t, 
make to glow. 

>ilW tahndz, roasting by means of 
stones. 

cJUfc? taJjtannuft profession of the 
true faith. 

jW tahannu', being coloured with 
hannah, v. (}**»). 

i y+? tahanni, v. ( {J i^=zy^) f bent ; 
inclination ; — tahrvC, I tahni'a-t, 
colouring with henna, n. (Ua.) ; 

— tahniya-t, bending, n. (^y^ 

<*>;*> tuhuty pi. the lower classes. 
L)*> tahuf, dry year ; — tahawwuf ; 
v. 0»j»0, vigilance. 



Jj^? tahawuml, v. (J^) ; cunning ; 

power ; removal. 
Oj^ tahawwun, meanness, lowness; 

ruin. 
Jij*> tahwilj ii. (Jj»0; pi. -at, 

transformation ; revolution ; 

transport; cheque. 
v«W tuhait, rather low, dim. of 

<s^* taht 
*W tuhit, tahij, tihit, dry year. 
J**? tahayytti, cunning, stratagem ; 

power. 
&&+? tahin, space of time; — ta- 

hayyun, v. (&<*») ; expectation ; 

arrival. 
£W tahiyya-t, pi. -atf, tahdyd, wel- 
come, salutation ; congratulation, 

n. (^)- 
(;)**^? tahyin, fixing a term ; death. 
(tf) tohh> u > INF - tuhuha-t, get sour ; 

— iv. inf. ithdh, leaven the 

dough well. 
(f tahh, sesame-oil ; leavened 

dough. 
s-tyW tahdrib, pi. of s^** tahrub 

and s-st^ti tahrib. 
^4)Uy tahdrim, pi. of ^^ tahrim. 
*-Ai^^fc» tafrdwif, pi. of *-A*jafc» 

^^4fa? tahabbus, filth, dirt. 

<jt«y tahabbi, being concealed, con- 
cealment ; — S tahbiya-t, pitching 
a tent ; — tahbVa-t, concealment. 

o-<fc? ta/it, S , pi. tufyut, seat, bench ; 
sofa ; throne ; saddle ; bed, 
couch ; cloth-press ; (^ *^^J 
taht rawdn, litter, sedan-chair 
(Pers.) ; — 8 ta^ta-t, sheet of 
metal ; board on which a corpse 
is washed. 

fctsatf tafitdh, ( J\*\xa*5 ta^tdhdniyy, 
stammerer; foreigner. 

£*ab> tahtaj, pi. tahdtij, board, plank; 
table flPers.) 

(tsay), iatsay tahtafra-t, unarticu- 
lated sound. \ 

A+W tahtima-t, dissimulation. 

ytay tabasrur, getting thick ; curd- 
ling. 

*W tal\az y yatftaz, take, for *W^ 
ittahaz, viii. of («W). 



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167 



u**j4i? tafcarbuJ, scribbling, scrawl- 
ing. 

\j>f& tahris, I, tahrisa-t, jutting 
part of a dress or shirt. 

s-»j*^ tahrabub, a superior kind of 
camel. 

s->j^ tuhrub, pi. tahdrib, wasp- 
nest. 

j)f& tuhrur, neither strong nor 
8 tout. 

sHt^sfc* tahrib, pi. tafidrib, devasta- 
tion, injury. 

i^Lf& tahris=iff& tahris. 

f*tjsi5 tahrim, n. (f/>j i; pi. -at, 
ta^drim, embroidery ; laces ; 
chased work. 
tufya8 y dolphin. 

tahaihui, rustling. 

£*■***? tah$iya-t, frightening. 

A-«y tahissa-t, specification, particu- 
lar distinction (a.). 

o/»-afc* tahassm, peculiar quality ; 
distinction ; v. (u^). 

<jaa-aat> tahsis, n. (o*-) ; pi. -at, 
special funds. 

£*W tahfiya-t, seduction ; accusa- 
tion. 

^j&afc? tahaffi, hiding one's self ; — S 
tahfiya-t, concealing. 

«J^> tahfif, inf. ii. of («-**•) ; 
dropping of the taidid. 

JafeW tahalhul, clattering; waver- 
ing ; want of firmness ; adorn- 
ing one's self with an ankle- 
ring. 

t-AU* tahalluf, inf. v. of <-AU ; 
difference. 

Jab? tiKW, tafiU, world ; food and 
drink ; — I ta^liya-t, leaving 
empty ; leaving alone ; abandon- 
ing. 

(f**J) taftam, i, inf. tahm, confine, 
limit ; — tahim, a, suffer from 
indigestion ; — in. inf. mutd- 
hama-t, adjoin, border upon ; 
— iv. inf. ithdm, suffer from 
indigestion, have a stomach- 
ache. 

j»£7 tahm, indigestion ; — tahm, 
tuftm, pi. tuhum, tuhum, boun- 
dary, boundary-stone ; — tu- 



hama-t, pi. -di, tufam, indiges- 
tion. 
<j)**afc> tahmin, supposition, esti- 
mation, conjecture ; — tahminiyy, 

approximate, conjectural. 
%3)f& tahauruq, getting impaled 

(m.). 
&*jab> tuhuma-t, pi. tuhum, tuhum, 
boundary ; district ; — tuhum, 

desirable condition, prosperous 

state. 
i-4fcjab> tahwif, inf. n. of (^*f») ; 

pi. tahdunf, terrible phantom; 

scarecrow. 
s-^>afc» tahayyub, fraud, deceit, 

deception. 
*-A*ay tahayyuf, variegation, various 

shades of colour (*-M-). 
Jaafc* tahayyul, inf. v. of (J**-); 

pi. -at, conception ; imagination, 

fancy ; supposition. 
fJtrtsS tahyiliyy, imaginary. 
jttW taddbir, pi. of y&>£ tadbir. 
Ja^Jtf taddhul, inf. vi. of (J^*>) ; 

arrears. 
gjW taddrij, pi. of &)*>* tadrwj=ty& 

tazruj. 
*±J^Jtf taddruk, inf. vi. of (**^) ; 

atonement ; remedy ; legal 

remedy ; pi. -at, preparations, 

provisions. 
WjJ tadd l a-t, repose, rest, ease. 
j#A<& taddmir, pi. of y^*** . 
^U" taddni, neighbourhood ; 

mutual approach, vi. (y»>). 
«j*W taddhi, cunning, craft ; skill, 

vi. (y>a). 
**JjW taddwuk, throng of battle, 
y^jj taddwir, pi. of fttf tadwir. 
&#*£ tadbij, adornment. 
^rfJ^> tadbir, pi. -dt, taddbir, order ; 

arrangement ; administration ; 

government ; politics, policy ; 

consideration ; opinion, n. (y*>). 
£*fjj tadbiya-t, profession, trade, n. 

(<j* J ) » — tadbVa-t, concealment, 

ii. (W). 
Jd+>tf tadjil, pitching ; gilding ; 

lie. 



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168 



\j<* tudrd, 5 , tudrd-t, might, power, 
strength. 

*;•*» tudrih, protection. 

SjJtf tadirra-t, abundant flow of 
milk. 

gj^ tadruj=tyj* tazruj. 

**k)X tadrik, inf. ii. (dy*) ; (m.) 
foresight; prudence. 

&&*s tud'a-t, easy life. 

<3*iJS tadqtq, exactness, precision, 
subtilty ; pounding to powder, 
ii. (jj). 

ijp'tf tadalluq, inundation. 

/•^ tadmur, Palmyra ; — tadammur, 
discontent; murmuring, grum- 
bling ; ruin, v. (/•*>) ; — %s tod" 
muriyy, a small field-mouse ; 
unworthy ; mean ; somebody, 
anybody. 

£**.tf tadmiya-t, wounding so as 
to cause the blood to flow, n. 

,J>y3 tadanni, approach, v. (y*>). 

jM^ tadmq, inf. ii. (<3**>) ; (m.) 
freezing to death. 

»j&jtf tadahwur, ruin ; overthrow. 

6^jJ tadwira-t, round sand-hill. 

£y£ tadwir, inf. ii. (#*>) J circle ; 
circumference ; epicycle ; — S 
tadwira-t, small turban. 

^.tt tazdrij, pi. of 6;^ Jozrw;. 

^\ JJ tazdUr, pi. of */& tazkira-t ; — 
tazdicur, inf. vi. of (/**). 

s^Aftt tazabzub, palpitation ; agita- 
tion ; doubt; uncertainty. 

g^Jj tazruj, pi. tazdrij, tazruja-t, 
pheasant (Pers.). 

j\SX tazkdr, remembrance ; mention ; 
keepsake ; present. 

/tt tazakkur, remembrance ; con- 
ference, conversation ; private 
night-study ; — * tazkira-t, pi. 
tazdkir, remembrance ; keep- 
sake ; memorandum, memoir ; 
note ; testimonial ; receipt ; 
passport ; — tazkara-t, id. ; bio- 
graphy, 
^ytf taznub, ripening on the stalk 

(date). 
J^JJ tazyil, inf. ii. of (J***) ; ap- 



pendix, supplement ; adding a 
quiescent letter to a watad 
majmil 1 at the end of a foot. 
(/) tarr, u, inf. tarr, turilr, appear 
and be cut out (bone) ; be cut 
off ; remove, depart ; cut off ; 
resound ; — inf. tarr, turur, 
tardra-t, be full in flesh and 
bones ; — iv. inf. itrdr, ampu- 
tate ; remove (a.), send away ; 
throw away ; fling ; make re- 
sound. 
y tarr, good stepper (horse) ; — 
tarr, root, origin ; plummet ; — 
S tira-t, inf. of (/j), hatred, 
&c. ; — turra-t, handsome ; deli- 
cate and coquettish. 
s->V hwdb, pi. atriba-t, Urban, earth, 
ground, dust ; — S , turdba-t, clod 
of earth ; — ^ tardbiyy, earthly, 
earthy, earthen. 
jf\y tardtnr, sweetmeat made of 

nuts. 
f\f tardtir, pi. calamities. 
pAy tardtir, pi. handsome but 

stupid girls. 
Jarty tardtil, pi. of J*>y tartil. 
*±Ay turds, inheritance (**>jj). 
p*\f tardjim, pi. of t)W/ tarjamdn 
and <U+y tarjama-t ; — tardjum, 
inf. v. of (*+) , throwing stones 
at each other. 
Ja*^/ tardjil, parsley*. 
cV tardh, beaver. 
ij\y tardra-t, being juicy, full of 

sap or marrow. 
&ij\y tardrih, pi. of &&/ turraha-t. 
)\y turdz, dying suddenly. 
yJ/ tirds, shields, pi. of {j*y turs ; 
— tarrds, shield-bearer; — tara"us, 
inf. v. of (u*\>) ; — tardss, inf. 
vi. of (<j*j) ; — 5 tirdsa-t, making 
shields. 
yj»\y tardS, razor ; \J»\y ffr qalam 

tardS, pen-knife. 
gtyF tarrd 1 , filling the basin or 

channel ; door-keeper. 
Ui<jk\y tardgif, loaves, &c, pi. of 
*-*•*> ragif. 



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«-*y tard'uf, benevolence; kind- 
ness. 

tjbf tardqi, collar-bones, pi. of 
**V tarquwa-t ; loftiness, inf. vi. 

t Of (oij). 

**Jy tomA, leave it alone ! do not 
interfere ! 

ff\f tardkum, condensation ; ac- 
cumulation ; increasing ; — 5 tard- 
kima-t, Turcomans, pi. of (£+*? 
turkmdn. 

s-^y tardkib, pi. of s-**^> tarhib. 

(>*V) tordmiz, strong and tine 
camel ; full grown. 

u~*V tar amis, pi. silver-beads. 

{j*$f tardwud, drill, exercise. 

&)\f tardwih, the twenty -two genu- 
flections after the last prayer of 
Eamadan. 

s-fly tard'ib, ribs, <fcc., pi. of &**/ 
tariba-t. • 

ijftj tard'iq, collar-bones, pi. of 
iyif tarquwa-t. 

t«XJy tard'ik, helmets, <fcc., pi. of 
&lf tarika-t, q.v. 

(sj/) fcm&, a, inf. tarab, abound 
in earth, ground, dust (place) ; 
cling to the ground or dust ; be 
covered with earth or dust ; — 
inf. tarab, matrab, be hopeless, 
desperate, despair ; be poor, 
miserable ; — inf. tarb, cover 
with earth or dust; — n. inf. 
tatrib, id. ; cling to the ground ; 
be rich, and, by opposition, 
poor; turn into dust, decay, 
putrify ; grow dust-coloured ; — 
in. inf. mutdraba-t, be of the 
same age ; become familiar 
with; be a comrade; — iv. inf. 
itrdb, cover or pelt with earth 
or dust; be rich, poor; possess 
a female slave who had already 
three masters before ; — v. inf. 
tatarrub, be covered with earth 
or dust. 

vy tarb, turb, earth, ground, dust ; 
— tirb, f . pi. atrdb, of the same 
age, companion, friend ; — tarib, 
earthy ; poor ; — S tarba-t, weak- 
ness ; — turba-t, pi. turab, earth, 



ground, dust ; tomb ; tomb- 
stone or memorial to the dead ; 
cemetery ; — tariba4, pi. -at, 
finger-top ; raising dust (wind) ; 

— taribba-t, education ; rearing, 
inf. ii. of (vj). 

W/ tarbd\ turabd\ earth; ground. 
<jhf tirbdd, saffron in bloom. 
(^y Urban, pi. of s->V ^ nra ^>- 
^ji turbatiyy, earthy; referring 

to the tomb. 
Jty> tirbid, turbid, laxative. 
va>yy tarabiit, docile (camel), 
^y tarabbi, education, rearing; 

making conserves, inf. v. of 

(o*;=/>;)- 

£**/ tarU ( , inf. ii. of (#;) ; right 
angle ; — <£ tarbi'iyy, quadratic 
square ; cJfclsae* v&> tarbi'iyy muh- 
talif, trapezium. 

vjM/ tarbiq, inf. ii. (<Jfy) ; — tirbiq, 
rope for tying up sheep. 

£**/ tarbiya-t, education ; rearing of 
plants or animals ; pupil, foster- 
child, ward; emendation, ex- 
postulation ; good manners ; 
progress; increase; composition, 
ii. (y ; ). 

j^?y tartar, whirlpool ; abyss. 

s-Jy turtab, everlastingness ; bad 
slave ; — turtab, turtub, firm ; 
well- managed ; earth, dust ; — 
turtub-an, altogether; — tarattub, 
inf. v. of (s-y ; getting into 
shape; appearing; resulting. 

l^f tartubba-t, trodden path. 

(//) tartar, inf. S, move, shake 
(a.) ; talk much ; (m.) chatter ; 

— ii. be shaken, tremble ; — S 
tartara-t, shaking ; motion ; talk- 
ativeness; languidness; d illness 
of speech. 

(ff turtam, turtum, lasting. 

&j turta-t, stammering. 

rff turtilr, turtle- dove ; tax- 
gatherer ; body- guardsman ; pi. 
tardtir, handsome but stupid 
girls. 

s-*>y tart ib, inf. ii. of (s^>) ; 
method, plan, system; precept, 
prescription ; layer, row. 

22 



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J*>y tartil, inf. II. of ( J?j) ; pi. 
tardtil, chant, chorale ; anthem. 

*<£/ tartiya-t, (m.) restoration, 
emendation, n. (y>). 

G/ fora;, u, inf. tarj, be veiled 
and hidden ; — tarij, a, inf. 
taraj, be in the dark about a 
difficult matter ; — S turujja-t, 
citron, lemon. 

C*y tarajjuh, shaking, swinging, 
rocking, v.* (c* ; ). 

(/**y) tarjam, inf. 5, translate 
from one language into another ; 
— 8 tarjama-t, tarjuma-t, pi. faro- 
jim, translation. 

($Wy tarjamdn, tarjumdn, turju- 
mdn, pi. tardjim, (m.) tardjima-t, 
tardjamin, interpreter, trans- 
lator. 

^y tarajji, hoping, inf. v. (^ 
=j*>) ; — S tarjiya-t, hope ; de- 
sire. 

C*y tarjih, inf. ii. (c*j) ; pre- 
ference; overweight. 

ge*y tarji', inf. ii. (c*j); repe- 
tition; burden (of a song); echo; 
compensation. 

J**y tarjil, inf. ii. (J*j) ; white 
spot on the hind foot of a horse ; 
shadow. 

(c/) tarih, a, inf. tarah, be sad; 
descend ; — n. inf. tatrih, grieve ; 
iv. inf. itrdh, id. ; — v. inf. 
tatarruh, be grieved. 

s^Wj? tarhdb, welcome. 

JUy tirhdl, departure; travelling. 

J***/ tarhil, inf. ii. ( Je^) ; patience. 

(6/) tarah, A, inf. fcirA, make 
slight incisions in the skin ; 
scarify. 

tf tarh, scarification ; cupping. 

(&f turham, turhum, 8 , tar^ama-t, 
tarhuma-t, man, individual. 

£*sy tarhiya-t, softening, loosening ; 
relaxation; yielding. 

S\tf tarddd, inf. ii. of (*>;). 

s^*>/ taraddub, inf. v. of (s-> J j) ; 
gracefulness; affection. 

jjy taraddud, inf. v. of (»>)) ; hesi- 
tation, irresolution ; refusal ; 
conversation ; correspondence ; 



effort ; endeavour ; emendation ; 
progress. 

.\>dy tardid, inf. ii. of (*>>); discord; 
disjunction. 

«-A^y tardify escort. 

()/) to^^f h i^ F - tors ; — tariz, A, 
inf. foras, be hard, dry, arid ; 
wither ; die ; be hungry ; throw 
on the ground; — tariz, A, inf. 
taraz, freeze; — rv. inf. itrdz, 
render hard and dry ; knead 
hard. 

)f tarz, hunger ; colic (of cattle) ; 
epilepsy ; — taraz, freezing ; 
hunger. 

(u*f) t ur8 > pl« *> tira8a~t, atrds, 
tiros, turns, shield ; hard piece 
of ground ; — hence : n. tarras, 
inf. tarsis, cover one's self with 
a shield, arm with a shield ; — 
v. inf. tatarrus, cover one's self 
with a shield; — S tirsa-t, tor- 
toise. 

&L.y tarsdna-t, and — 

&\aL~f tarshdna-t, arsenal (Pers.). 

4^-y tursiyy, shield-like, of the 
shape of a shield. 

f**-M? tar dm, inf. ii. of (f*-j) ; cal- 
ligraphy ; painting ; drawing ; 
printing upon. 

(jy) tariS, a, inf. tarai, be 
flighty, of a bad disposition, 
miserly. 

v>y tars, tar as, lightness, levity ; 
bad disposition ; avarice. 

Uy tir&Vy rope to draw a bucket. 

^Uy tarsdsy sprinkling, n. (\J*j)> 

&t*y tarsiya-t, bribing, n. (^j). 

(\P$) tarus, inf. tardsa-t, be strong, 
firm ; — n. inf. tartis, tare, cor- 
rect the weight ; — iv. id. ; make 
strong and firm. 

<^y taris, S , strong. 

Ju>y tarassud, observing; expecting ; 
hoping, v. (•**)). 

{j*&of tarsis, inf. ii. of (\j>j) > tin- 
ning ; glazing ; soldering. 

^"tf tardid, inf. ii. of (<>j ;) (m.) 
push ; bruise, contusion. 

£**y tardiya-t, satisfaction, render- 



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dbf 



ing content; apology, depreca- 
tion, ii. (^). 
(Zf) tara', a, inf. tar', keep off, 
keep at a distance; — tari', a, 
inf. tara', be prone to evil; 
cheerfully and confidently en- 
gage in a business; be full; — 
ii. inf. tatri 1 , lock ; — iv. inf. 
itrd', fill; — v. inf. tatarru 1 , be 
prone to evil towards (v> bi) 
anybody ; — viii. inf. UHrd 1 , get 
full. 

Zf tara 1 , full ; — tari', full ; prone 
to evil ; — I tur'a-t, pi. tura', 
door; terraced garden; step, 
degree ; open place ; apparition, 
vision ; mouth of a well ; spring ; 
basin of a fountain ; tank, reser- 
voir ; fall of a river. 

*^tef tar'db, frightening, threaten- 
ing, ii. (s-**j) ; S , tir'dba-t, timo- 
rous. 

^f tir'iyy, I , tarHyya-t, tir'iyya-t, 
tur'iyya-t and tarHya-t, tirHya-t, 
tur'iya-t, who takes good care 
of camels, tends them well; — 
tara*i, inf. v. of (^j). 

& ** */ tir'iba-t, slice of a camel's 
hump. 

S)&f targalla-t, turtle-dove (m.). 

s-*V to.rgtb, n. inf. of (s-*>) ; 
temptation. 

(ujj>) tarif, a, inf. taraf, live in 
abundance ; — n. inf. tatrif, 
effeminating, seduce into wan- 
tonness, render overbearing ; — 
iv. inf. itrdf, id. ; afford ease 
and comfort ; persist in wanton- 
ness or arrogance ; — v. inf. 
tatarruf, live in affluence ; — x. 
istitrdf, be wanton, overbearing, 
unjust. 

*-*/ taraf, effeminacy; delicacy; 
softness ; ease ; — tarif, thin ; 
commodious, easy-going ; ef- 
feminate ; — S turfa-t, ease, 
comfort ; dainty ; anything 
beautiful or rare as a present. 

y*U>y turfd*, poisonous mushroom. 

Ji/ tarafful, 3 tarfala-t, strutting 



along, walking in jerks (from 
old age). 

J**/ tarfil, addition of a sabab 
hqfif to a watad majmH 6 at the 
end of a foot. 

&*>f tarfiya-t, n. (^j), to/ tarfia-U 
^f tarfi' ,n. (V*j), congratulation 
to a newly-married couple. 

<J*i/ tarfiq, inf. ii. of («j»)) ; (m.) 
assistance, aid, subsidy. 

SUy tarqdt, injury to the collar- 
bone. 

Iff tarquwa4, turquwa-t, pi. tardqi, 
tard'iq, collar-bone. 

J>f taraqqi, inf. v. ( J^) ; pi. 
taraqqiydt, progress ; increase ; 
advancement ; — a tarqiya-t, 
progress, n. (^/j). 

(***f tarqim, inf. ii. of (^j), vocali- 
sation ; furnishing with a list of 
prices ; embroidering ; dashes to 
fill up, asterisks, 

(**y) tarak, u, inf. tark, tirkdn> 
leave, abandon, desist, neglect; 
do, put, arrange ; — tarik, a, inf. 
tarak, marry a deserted woman ; 

— in. inf. tirdk, mutdraka-t, 
leave one alone, at rest ; leave a 
business to another; accord a 
truce, grant an amnesty ; — vi. 
inf. tatdruk, let a business drop 
between one another ; — vi. inf. 
intirdk, be abandoned ; be left 
behind (inheritance) ; — viii. 
inf. ittirdk, abandon, leave. 

**J/ tark, abandoning, leaving ; 
doing, putting; — turk, Turk, 
Tartar; rude or brutal fellow; 

— S tarka-t, thick-set, stubby 
(woman) ; pi. tark, iron helm6t ; 

— tirka-t, tarika-t, anything left 
behind, legacy, inheritance. 

y\ff tirkdn, inf. of (***/) . 

gU2y turkmdn, pi. tardkima-t, 
Turcoman. 

^f turkiyy, Turk ; f . S , Turkish ; 
pi. turkiyy at, anything Turkish. 

s-^y tarkib, inf. ii. (s-f)) ; com- 
position ; mechanism ; the human 
body ; musical note ; — ^ tarkU 



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<3? 



biyy, compound; skilful, inge- 
nious. 

*ttf tarlik, *s^y tarlik, shoes of 
Morocco-leather (m.). 

f/ firm, term (m.) ; — hence : n. 
tarram, inf. tatrim, fix a term. 

t5****y timmbaji, fireman (m.). 

**•/ turumba-t, fire-engine (m.). 

(v~"f) tarmas, inf. 8, withdraw 
from the turmoil, from battle. 

cr*y turmus, tarmus, bramble ; 
(Egyptian) bean ; — 5 tarmasa-t, 
inf. of u-**/ tarma8 ; — turmusa^t, 
hole in the ground (for preserv- 
ing fruit, cooling, &c.). 

<JW tarmiq, inf. ii. of (OHj) ; 
sketch, first outline. 

(($/) taran, dirt. 

$if turunj, 8, orange (Pers.). 

oWy turunjdn, melissa, balm- 
mint. 

($<&rf taranjabin, manna. 

<^s=y turunjiyy, orange-coloured. 

pi/ tarannum, inf. v. of (^)) ; 
reading of the Koran with a 
singing voice ; song ; psalmody ; 
chirping. 

sa»y4if tarnamtit, sound; clank; 
tinkle ; sounding, clinking, 
tinkling. 

jy/ tarmiq, turnuq, ^»y/ turnuqd, 
mire. 

*^y/ t urn uk f contemptible ; lean, 
weakly. 

l+ff tarniima-t, melodious voice ; 
melody ; rhythm. 

( a*/ ) t urna > female slave ; strumpet ; 
— 8 tamiya-t, enchanting, de- 
lighting, cheering, n. (y^). 

Ltg^y &+<jy tarnima-t ruhiyya-t, 
ejaculatory prayer. 

(»y) tarih, A, inf. tarah, indulge in 
frivolities or vanities. 

*y turrah, pi. tar drib,, lie, anything 
frivolous ; — 8 turraha-t, pi. «Ji 
-at, tardrih, the same ; buf- 
foonery ; empty talk ; trifle ; 
calamity ; wind ; cloud ; side- 
path ; broad lowland ; small 
animal in the sand. 



ky*y tarhuf, who swallows large 

morsels. 
ij*tf taraubus, purifying (of gold, 

m.). 
)tf turiir, inf. of (y). 
ytf turuz, thickness and firmness. 
<j*tf tarawwus, sharpening into a 

point, v. (<j-\,). 
terf tarvri'a-t, blast of a trumpet. 
prf tara"um, compassion, love, v. 

(f\>) J — tarawwum, mockery, v. 

v^y tarawwi, inf. v. of U5jy) ; — 
^y tarwV, inf. ii. of (Vy). 

u^y tarwis, sharpening into a 
point, ii. (<j*\>). 

^y tarwiqa-t, breakfast (m.). 

#«y tarvri'a-t, inf. ii. of (Vy) ; — 
^tj,y tarwiya-t, inf. ii. of (^jd). 

(^y) tora, A, inf. fary, relax; — 
be cheerful, in good humour; 
be numerous; — iv. inf. itrd\ 
perform one work after another 
with intervals of rest between. 

<3j> turret, cut off hand ; enfeebled 
strength. 

j^y tirydq, theriac ; antidote ; 
panacea ; — 8 tirydqa-t, wine ; — ^ 
tirydqiyy, inebriated ; drunkard ; 
opium-eater. 

HHty tirydb, tarib, earth, ground; 

— 8 tariba-t, pi. tard'ib, the four 
upper ribs ; ribs ; chest, breast, 
bosom ; place above the collar- 
bone ; neck ; hands ; feet ; 
eyes. 

g>y tarij, violent (wind) ; strongly- 
built and sinewy. 

y^y tarts, strong; well-poised 
oalance ; twisted, plaited. 

gy tari c , cheery for work, light- 
minded ; — tarayyu', v. (gi;), 
assembly. 

i-Aay tarif, commodious, easy-going; 
effeminate. 

tf^y tarik, empty stalks of a grape ; 

— 8 tarika-t, pi. tard'ik, tarik, 
helmet; abandoned; left pro- 
perty without an heir ; stagna- 
ting water after a flood. 



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(*f tarim, resigned to the will of 
God ; dirtied ; sinful. 

C*iy taryih, setting at rest, tran- 
quillising, quieting (m.). 

&tfy tar'iya-U beautiful look; hy- 
pocrisy ; ii. (<^;) ; — taryCa-t, 
INF. ii. of (}ij). 

*>\y tazdyud, increase, vi. (**y). 

lyy tazbira-t, own hand-writing, 
autograph ; tazbira-t and y&y 
tazbir, inf. ii. of (y)). 

f»y tazahhur, colic ; travail ; labour 
of child-birth. 

J*y tazahhuly Jje*y tazahwul, being 
set in motion, sliding, slipping. 

U^s»y tazahruf, false ornaments, 
trampery. 

(m*y taz'im, inf. ii. of (^j) ; 
claim. 

s-**y tazqib, twitter of birds. 

^y tazakki, sanctification ; alms- 
giving, v. (j*j) ; — S tazkiya-t, 
sanctifying, consecrating; justi- 
fication ; character ; giving and 
also receiving alms, n. (/j). 

f«£y tazkim, cold, rheum, n. (^). 

jyy tazalzul, inf. ii. of (Jj^j) ; 
earthquake. 

<5*Jy tazliq, shaving, anointing, n. 

o^y tazammut, gravity, steadiness; 

authority. 
j~y tazmir, inf. ii. of (/•)) ; 

psalm. 
d^y tazanduq, Parseeism. 
fiy tazantur, j^y tazanfur, inf. ii. 

of (r*j, A)) ; anger, rage; 

caprice. 
gVjy tazwdj, pairing, coupling, 

copulation. 
^♦Vy tazidiyy, red-striped garment. 
^y tazayyi, costume, dress, garb. 
C^y tazyih, inf. ii. of fey) ; pro- 
cession. 
£»Uj tasdbug, ornament of the 

neck-part of a helmet. 
^tfU-5 tasdbih, pi. of fl ^*»~» tas- 

biha-t. 
I^a V...» tasdhin, pi. of 0W~> &w###. 
•JUJ tasdfuhy dissoluteness. 



JiUJf ta8afud, copulation, sexual 

intercourse. 
&*UJ tasdfuh, inf. vi. of (**~) ; 

levity; foolishness. 
JUJ fowaZ, JV&-J taa'aZ, question, 

request. 
£*l~J tasdmu 1 , hearing, listening. 
^Uj tasdmi, emulation, vi. (j*-). 
j^L-J tasdnud, inf. vi. of (»u~) ; 

mutual help. 
^Uj tasdwi, inf. vi. of (<.5j~) ; 

equality, similarity ; indiffer- 
ence ; neutrality ; levelness ; 

level (s.). 
U^L-i" tasdyuf, fight with the sword, 

fencing. 
s-*»~? tasabbub, inf. vi. of (s-*~) ; 

retail trade. 
£*— * tasbig, tasbug, 8 , tasbiga-t, pi. 

ta8clbig=&\~5 tasdbug. 
s ^i— > tasbib, inf. ii. of (s-*-) ; 

motive, reason ; reproach ; curse. 
C » .- ~> tasbih, inf. ii. of fe*~) ; 

praise of God ; hymn ; rosary ; 

purity ; — 8 tasbiha-t, pi. tasdbih, 

song, hymn. 
£**~J tasbig, adding a quiescent 

letter to a eabab hafif at the end 

of a foot. 
<3**~ ^ tasbig, inf. ii. of (<3*~) ; 

stake at a race. 
jjx~» tu8tilq, bad money, dipped in 

a solution of silver. 
l**~~5 tasjiya-t, shrouding of a 

corpse, ii. (j*»~). 
£**~> tasjl 1 , rhythmical and rhymed 

prose. 
y*~s tasahhur, inf. v. ( - ^-) ; early 

departure. 
<j)Vafc~J tashdn, pi. tasdhin, greaves ; 

boots ; hood. 
^*J tasfyar, jest, irony ; — inf. v. 

of (^«fc-) ; compelled service ; 

socage. 
^Ju-J tasdiya-t, weaving, weaving 

the warp, n. (<^~). 

t^JuJ? tasdlS, INF. II. Of (<j*A«.) ; 

hexagon. 
#-3 ta&arrwr, concubinage, v. ( r *). 



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gy~* iaaarru 1 , haste, hurry, v. 

£}~* toaarruq, inf. v. of (jjr*) ; 
systematic robbery, system of 
rapine. 

Sj-J tasirra-t, cheering up, glad- 
dening. 

,j;j~S taaarri, inf. v. of (<4r*) J 
concubinage. 

(j-x-J tuaua, people of low extrac- 
tion. 

(C^Oj f • ti*\ m - **-* tia'a-t, nine ; 

— hence : taaa', a, i, inf. toa\ 
take the ninth part ; — come as 
the ninth to a company of eight; 

— ii. inf. total 1 , in. mutdaa'a-t, 
id. ; — iv. inf. itad 1 , complete 
the number of nine ; become 
nine of them; take the ninth 
part of people's property. 

£•*■? tils', pi. atad', ninth part ; — 
tuaa', the 7th, 8th, and 9th 
night of a month ; — taaa 1 , for 
ittaaa', vin. of (fi~j). 

yf~s tis'un, (in.) {&**** UaHn, 
ninety ; ninetieth. 

«-A&*J toaaqquf, inf. v. of (c-fcu) ; 
consecration of a bishop. 

& tfr~> taaqiya-t, giving to drink, 
watering ; saying *U\ vtJto-. aaqd-ka 
'l-ldh-u, may God quench thy 
thirst. 

i$*&~* * toskin, inf. ii. of ((^-) ; 
being without a vowel. 

£l~? toaalluh, skinning, casting off 
the skin. 

J-JLJ tasalaul, inf. ii. of ( J— i~) ; 
concatenation; degrees of rela- 
tionship ; advancement by de- 
grees. 

UL-> toaollut, inf. v. of (U-) ; 
usurpation ; arbitrariness ; op- 
pression. 

fJL~? toslam, thou art alive and in 
good health (i.e., the person 
whom you inquire after is dead) ; 
indeed ! certainly ! — taaallum, 
inf. v. of (f*l~). 

UlX~S taslif, inf. ii. of (UfcL.) ; 



payment in advance ; borrowing; 
breakfast. 

f*L~s toalim, inf. ii. of ((A~) ; salu- 
tation; salvation, rescue; pre- 
servation ; delivery, surrender ; 
transmission ; resignation ; con- 
sent; well-being, safety, peace. 

£fjk~ * taaliya-t, consolation ; tran- 
quillisation. 

* *♦« * ' » taami'a-t, making to be 
heard. 

($+~3 tasammun, growing fat. 

tj*-* taaammi, inf. v. of (j*— ) ; 
denomination ; — 5 toamiya-t, 
giving a name ; denomination ; 
ii. of the same. 

<A*cg4~3 taamit, inf. ii. («>*-•) ; or- 
thodoxy, professing the true 
faith. 

ln* » — > toamit, inf. ii. of (la*— ) ; 
receipt, acquittance. 

fit * — ? toami*, inf. ii. of (£♦— ) ; 
speech. 

j0>~5 toaahhur, waking, keeping 
awake. 

J**~ » tashU, inf. ii. of (J«~) ; 
marking with hamm-t. 

v*)j~» taaawwuk, cleaning the teeth 
with a toothpick. 

l*y~5 taaitmart, sandal. 

*y~3 taawid, inf. ii. of (*>j-») ; rough 
copy; dung. 

£tj~? toawig, inf. ii. of (£;••) ; pi. 
-dt, magnificent present to a 
sovereign. 

,jiy~S taawiq, cattle-driving. 

J*j~J toawil, pi. -dt, adornment; 
deceit ; fiction, n. (Jj-). 

(S$y~5) toawVo-t, v5^> toawtf, re- 
proach, ii. (j~). 

jW toaydr, walk; journey; mes- 
sage; expedition. 

s«*~>> toaayyvb, neglect. 

;*— * toaayyur, conduct of life. 

Q6~* toa\', ninth part. 

£**"* toayih, weaving. 

ijUJ toSdrok, inf. vi. of 0**/») ; 
partnership. 

£*U> toidmuh, inf. vi. of (£**) ; 
haughtiness. 

yUJ tatdnu\ mutal hatred. 



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ja*VA? taidhir, pi. of }<&** taihir. 

g*U* tasdyu', inf. v. of (£**); 
professing the Shi'ite faith; 
partnership. 

m *>*3 tasabbut = <A »»&? taiabbus, inf. 
v. of (e-jA). 

;**-*»* taibir, inf. ii. of (;**) ; pi. 
taidbir, gesticulation, gesture. 

*&<*&5 taibik, inf. ii. of (**X-a) ; 
net-work ; complication ; (m.) 
rheumatism in a horse's legs. 

*«-*■* tasbih, inf. ii. of (M») ; pi. 
-a/, comparison ; allegory ; meta- 
phor ; similitude ; anthropo- 
morphism. 

{ y£* taiatti, v. £**-&> tastiya4, n. 
of (j**), passing the winter; 
hibernation. 

£+A* taiajjn', inf. v. of (£**) ; 
bravado. 

(c^*), iv. inf. itidh, pelt, shoot 
at (ace.) with (v> &i) ; — S tuiha-t, 
boldness in defending one's 
right ; covetousness ; anger ; 
perversity; cowardice. 

U^aae** taihis, INF. II. of (iJ^siA) ; 
individualisation ; diagnosis ; 
taxation; census. 

^x*j taidid, inf. ii. of (ja) ; 
violent pressure ; hardness, 
severity ; the sign — and its 
application. 

s**»** taiazrub, breaking into splin- 
ters, shivering to pieces. 

s^V** tasrdb, drinking ; draught. 

«jy&J tasarrvf, honour, glory ; pride, 
ii. (up). 

&J&S tas'rij, contraction, embroi- 
dering; hem sewn with large 
stitches. 

CijA* tairih, inf. ii. of (e/») ; 
commentary ; dissection ; ana- 
tomy. 

cJkjjAJ tairtf, INF. II. of (Up); 

His Grace (title) ; pi. -at, tasarif, 

honours, distinctions, ceremonies, 

robe of honour. 
{J ^\h r &3 taMfdtji, ^W^ tasri- 

fdtiyy, master of ceremonies, 

Grand Chamberlain. 
g^AJ tairin, October ( Jj\ «t> tairin 



awwal) and November (^U «* 
tairin sdni). 

hr~* tairiya-t, drying (fruit, <fcc.) 
in the air. 

s- «***»> taia"ub, inf. v. of (s-***») ; 
ramification; separation; death. 

&***£* tai'is, suppression of one of 
the movable letters of a watad 
majmu'. 

& +*&* taigiya-t, gonorrhoea. 

&**>*>* taifiya-t, advantage ; growth. 

&&&* tasqi', inf. ii. of (£&*) ; pi. 
taidqP, insult, abuse. 

J£^> taiakhul, inf. v. of (j£*) ; 
beauty ; appearance ; represen- 
tation in painting, &c. 

*sX<s^> task thy inf. ii. of (**U) ; 
offence, scandal ; doubt ; sus- 
picion. 

J*£a^ tailed, inf. ii. of ( J£*) ; 
difficulty; complication ; — S , tai- 
kila-t, (m.) many-coloured nose- 
gay- 

v^e+AS taimU, inf. ii. of (<j~+*) ; 
worship of the sun. 

£*-*•* taiannuj, inf. v. of (gJA); 
spasm. 

&*** taiannun, inf. v. of (^) ; 
shrinking, shrivelling, getting 
wrinkled. 

£*l£J faint/, cramp in the throat ; 
stiff neck, n. (§**). 

la*x*J taini$, roasting, broiling. 

j^e-fc* taihdq, sigh ; whine. 

^6-*^ taiahhud, profession of the 
Mohametan faith. 

{ j&*3 taiahhi, passionate desire, 
ii. (je*). 

Jyi* taiawwud fyy** taiawwuz), 
culmination of the sun. 

±ly*>5 tafauid (ky** taiunz), id. 

^yftjr taswiya-t, roasting, broiling. 

g*-^ taiayyu\ inf. v. of (5*4.) ; 
profession of Shi'ism. 

^iW tasdbi, childishness, v. (p~). 

^*jW tasdduf unexpected occur- 
rence, sudden emergency; acci- 
dent, chance. 

#jU tasddi', gl. of g*.W tasdi\ 

^jj\^s tasarif, &jU? tasdrifa-t, sove- 
reign commands. 



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*-fyU tasdrif, pi. of *J^ tasrif. 
*-*£* tasdff, array in battle order, 
^ilo? tasdfi, acting sincerely to- 
wards each other, vi. ()**). 
s-*JL* tasdlib, images of the cross. 
«-A<JUy tasdnif, pi. of <~ A *t*3 tasnif 
J^Uj tasdwul,- fierce attack, vi. 

,(Jr). 

^y-* tasdwir, pi. of ^4^5 taswir. 

C«-«a* tasbih, inf. ii. of (e*-°) > 
morning draught ; breakfast. 

;**-» tasbir, inf. ii. of (;**>) ; ballast. 

C«^<e> tashih, inf. ii. of (e*) ; cor- 
rection; verification; liquidation ; 
legalisation. 

^xeS tasadi, setting to work, Ac, 
v. (jL). 

jtx<* tasdir, inf. ii. of (;«**) ; is- 
suing, publishing. 

£JuJ tasdi 1 , inf. ii. of (£«**>) ; pi. 
tasadi', head-ache; confusion. 

,jiXc5 tasdiq, inf. ii. of (j**) ; 
receiving alms ; — ^ tasdiqiyy, 
confirming. 

<*JfS tasarruf, inf. v. of («-*/•) ; 
control; influence; skill; art; 
domestic expenditure ; coition ; 
pi. -at, possessions; behaviour; 
relations ; expenses ; — ^5 tasar- 
rufiyy, household expenditure. 

Uttj*S tasrif, inf. ii. of («-V>) ; pi. 
tasarif, inflection, declension, 
conjugation; etymology. 

jW tas l dq, fainting-fit. 

J*-> tasa"ud, inf. v. of (J^to) ; 
evaporation, sublimation (n.). 

j^ua? tasa'rur, globular form. 

tsJLU*? tasa'luk, poverty. 

a***? tas'id, inf. ii. of (»***) ; 
melting ; distillation, sublima- 
tion (a.). 

yu? tasgir, inf. ii. of (;**) ; 
diminutive. 

M*» tasfiya-t, purification; clear- 
ing ; straining the wine. 

7*3*? tasqir, inf. ii. of (yu») ; hunt- 
ing with the falcon. 

sJLoJ tasallub, inf. v. of (s-JL©) ; 
hardness ; inflexibility. 

fjLs tasalluq, labour of child- 
birth,' colic, v. OjL>). 



s^» fosZtft, inf. ii. of (s-^*>); 
hanging ; impaling ; sign of the 
cross. 
&tl*S tasliya-t, roasting ; singeing. 
j»*m* tasmim, inf. ii. of (f+°) 
firm resolution. 

*- & ***> tasnif, inf. ii. of (*-tu») ; 
pi. tasdnif, invention ; literary 
composition, work, record. 
/♦**-* tasnim, inf. ii. of ((***) ; 
idolatry. 

)y* tasawumr, inf. v. of (yyo) ; 
representation by image, Ac; 
portrait ; picture ; conception, 
idea, imagination ; — ^ tamw- 
wuriyy, imaginary. 

*-*j*» tasawwuf, inf. v. of (<*-*y°) ; 
obscure mystical speech ; mysti- 
cism ; Sufiism ; contemplation ; 
gibberish. 

s-s>j*> taswib, approval. 

u>ty* taswit, exclamation, resound- 
ing, echo. 

yLf* taswir, inf. ii. of (j^) ; pi. 
tasdwir, representation, <fcc.= 
)?» tasawwur. 

****** tasayyut, renown, celebrity. 

*>U? tadddd, inf. vi. of (^) ; hos- 
tility ; contrast ; contradiction ; 
opposition ; absurdity. 

v^ taddrub, inf. vi. of (v/); 
excitement, agitation. 

Uus\jS tadd% pi. of *-**** tadHf. 

^iU? taddff, throng, vi. («-A±). 

^•U? taddmum, accumulation. 

£***£ tadahduh, modulation. 

iyts tadirra-t, tadurra-t, need, want. 

&* tud', tudu% inf. of (e*j), give 
birth, produce, &c. 

cAjju? tad'if, pi. taddHf, inf. ii. of 
(obu>); reduplication; chemical 
adulteration ; lining clothes. 

A%£ tadldl, misleading, seduction, 

ii. ( J*)- 

Jl-tf tudallil, tudullil, false. 

(j*-tf tadammun, inf. v. of ((J-*-*) ; 
contents ; security, bail ; tenure 
as a farmer ; — ^5 tadammuniyy, 
elliptical ; understood (thought 
not expressed). 



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tadmid, dressing of a wound ; 
bandage, ligature. 

{$#*& tadnun, inf. ii. of ({$***) ; 
inclosure ; elliptical speech ; pi. 
•at, damages, compensation ; 
farming out. 

ky& tadwiya-t, lighting up, illu- 
mination. 

&*& tadyi', inf. ii. of (g**) ; loss, 
ruin. 

*-&iJte tafdrif, pi. finger-tops. 

JjU» tatdund, inf. vi. of (jy») ; 
robbery, plunder, oppression. 

<Jh£» tafbiq, inf. ii. of (vj^») ; 
trying whether two things fit 
each other, as a seal and its 
impression, <&c. 

h}* tajriya-t, freshening up ; re- 
freshing. 

J 4 *"* tafafful, parasitism. 

toL? tatfi'a-t, extinguishing (a.). 

y&S tafahhur, inf. v. of (^1») ; sancti- 
fication. 

(<f*) tafd, u, inf. ta(w, wrong a 
person, injure, tyrannise. 

u\<f* tafwdf, tifwdf, garment worn 
during the procession round the 
Ka'aba. 

jy* tafawwu 1 , supererogatory work, 
good action of free will. 

jy*? tifwal, long rope, chain ; — 
tafawvml, inf. v. of (Jj^). 

sh^* tapwib, pi. -at, beatification ; 
beatitude. 

J*J* tafwU, inf. ii. of (jy») ; pro- 
lixity. 

JNtf tazallul, seeking the shade, v. 

fS ta', for JU* ta'dla, let him be 
praised ! 

g ta", u, inf. ta", 8 ta"a-t, be weak, 
languid; vomit. 

£?U? ta'dti', idle talk. 

s *. , ^Uj ta'djtb, wonders, marvels. 

^jU? ta'ddi, inf. vi. of (jJ*) ; 
rugged places. 

u^U? ta'druf, mutual acquain- 
tance ; rule ; manner, method, 
ti. (*-*/). 



*-U$ ta'dsa-t, ruin, perdition. 

s-^aUj taUUib, herbs, shrubs. 

vjAU* ta'dfi, recovery. 

s~*^> ta'dqub, inf. vi. of (s-***) ; 
pursuit ; overtaking ; punish- 
ment. 

»tfU? ta'dqud, confederacy, alliance. 

JU> ta'dl, be praised ! come here ! 
come along ! imp. vi. of (o^)- 

JU? ta'dla, let him be praised ! 

aJUF fo'rfZi/, pi. of &J*3 ta'lifa-t. 

p£\*3 ta'dlim, pi. of j**l*> ta'lim. 

J*^*> ta'dmul, management of busi- 
ness. 

<JM^*> ta'dniq, pi. of jyuw ta'nuq. 

Jtyte fo'awwr, pi. of ^y* ta'wiz. 

J^U> ta'dhud, inf. vi. of (^a*) ; pi. 
-a£, agreement ; alliance ; con- 
spiracy. 

(s-**>) to'ife, a, inf. ta'ab, be tired, 
fatigued ; toil ; lose one's la- 
bour ; — iv. inf. it'db, give 
trouble ; tire, vex, torment ; 
have overworked beasts; fill; 
break again a bone which had 
been healed. 

s-**> ta^ab, tiredness, fatigue ; vex- 
ation ; hard work, toil ; — ta'ab, 
taHb, tired. 

($W*» ta'bdn, tired. 

j*t*> ta'bir, inf. ii. of (j**); ex- 
planation, interpretation; deno- 
mination; expression; word. 

(#*>) ta'ta', inf. 8 , stick (in the 
sand, <fcc.) ; get entangled, con- 
fused (in speech) ; shake (a.), 
push ; disquiet, confound ; (m.) 
talk idly, chatter ; — n. inf. 
tata'tu', get confused (in speech). 

gs«? ta'ta', pi. ta'dti', stammered 
words ; foolish or idle talk ; 
confusion. 

je**S ta'sir, inf. ii. of (;**) ; misery. 

A*V^a> ti'jdba-t, worker of miracles. 

t-*j^*> ta'ajruf, haste, precipita- 
tion. 

y*+*> ta'jfa, inf. ii. of (>**) ; im- 
portunity, molestation. 

23 



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a\a*3 ta'ddd, counting, reckoning, 
calculating. 

jd** ta'addud, equipment. 

v5^«* ta'addij inf. v. of ( v**) ; trans- 
gression, excess ; — &i ta'diya-t, 
inf. ii. of ()**) ; transitive 
meaning of a verb ; entrance. 

j$*s ta'azzur, inf. v. of (^) ; diffi- 
culty; impossibility. 

(/*) to'&r* a, inf. ta'r, cry out, 
call. 

f* ta'ar, battle-cry. 

GfS ta'arruj, declination, devia- 
tion. 

<J>f* ta'airud, inf. v. of (u*/0 ; 
meddling ; arbitrary inter- 
ference. 

*-r*f* ta'rib, inf. ii. of (s-*^) ; 
speaking pure Arabic. 

j*lf* ta'rid, inf. ii. of faf); 
blame, reproach. 

<-*ifS ta'rif, inf. ii. of («-V0 ; pi. 
-at, ta'drtf, instruction; descrip- 
tion ; tariff ; definition ; asser- 
tion ; guessing ; «-4j^*sJ\ u^ 
harfu-'l-ta'rif, definite article ; — 
<j ta'rifiyy, remarkable ; worthy 
of notice. 

Ijf* ta'zuwa-t, patience. 

tjps ta'azzi, inf. v. of (<£*, <jy*) ; 
condoling ; — S ta'ziya-t, conso- 
lation ; mourning for the dead ; 
letter of condolence ; mimic 
representation of the death of 
Hasan and Husain. 

(cr**0 ta'as, ta'is, a, inf. tats, 
ta'as, perish ; fall on one's face ; 
ruin, cause to perish ; stumble 
and fall ; be dismissed, deposed ; 
be far ; — iv. inf. Was, ruin, 
cause to perish ; make miser- 
able. 
W**3 ta's, fall, ruin, overthrow ; 
misfortune, calamity ; — ta'is, 
perishing; unhappy, miserable; 
— S ta'sa-t, stumbling, falling. 
cJL-aJ ta'assuf, tyranny, oppres- 
sion ; pervert the meaning of a 
word. 
p**S ta'a£$um, inf. v. of (/***) ; 



(m.) hope ; interestedness, 
avidity. 

{mS &** ta l afo'i, taking an evening's 

meal ; supper, v. (y*>*) ; — * 

ta'&iya-t, invitation to supper. 

j*A** ta'sir, inf. ii. of (/*»*) ; 

division by ten ; decimating. 

(u^*>) ta'is, a, inf. ta'as, feel pain 
in the sinews of the foot from 
walking. 

s-^** ta'assub, inf. v. of (s-^c) ; 
partiality ; bigotry ; fanaticism ; 
(m.) plot ; conspiracy. 

&X*** ta'asrun, afternoon luncheon 
(in.). 

£*-**> ta'diya-t, separation, division. 

<-AJa*> ta'aftuf, inf. v. of («-ALc); 
affection ; sympathy ; tender- 
ness, fondness. 

{ Jo»s ta'afti, inf. v. of (£*); de- 
mand for a present. 

JJb** ta'til, inf. ii. of (J^*) ; loss, 
damage ; (m.) interest (for a 
loan). 

(&** ta'azzvm, inf. v. of (fJ**) ; 
false pomp. 

(*!*** ta'zim, inf. ii. of ({&*) ; 
pomp, magnificence. 

y**S ta'affun, inf. v. of ((£**) ; 
stench; putrefaction. 

yt*** ta'fir, inf. ii. of (/*) ; (m.) 
gleaning. 

**a*» ta'fiya-t, effacing, blotting 
out, extinguishing, &c, inf. ii. 
of (y*). 

Sr***? ta'aqqvb, inf. v. of (s-***); 
considering the issue or con- 
sequences ; punishment. 

J*» ta'aqqul, understanding ; fore- 
sight, prudence ; device, con- 
trivance. 

ta'q^b, inf. ii. of (s-**) ; 
delay. 

ta'qid, inf. II. of (Ate) ; diffi- 
culty; obscurity. 

( J*>) ta'al, heat in the throat ; — 5 
ta'illa-t, what draws off attention ; 
subterfuge, pretext. 

l+l*j ti'ldma-t, great scholar; gene- 
alogist. 

ij)*8 ta'alluq, inf. v. of (vJ^) ; 



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dependence; attachment; rela- 
tionship ; property ; (landed) 
estate ; dependants ; appurte- 
nance ; — 8 ta'alluqa-t, id. 
v>* ta'allul, inf. v. of (J*) ; 
delay ; excuse ; subterfuge ; pre- 
text. 

&+*** ti l lima-t=l*h* ti'ldma-t. 

<jM** ta'liq, inf. II. of (ijifi); 
Persian handwriting or cha- 
racter;— 8 taHlqa-t, pi. ta'dliq, 
marginal note, gloss; (m.) burn- 
ing tinder ; necklace. 

J**** ta'lil, inf. ii. of ( Jfi) ; caus- 
ality. 

^*1*> taTtm, pi. -at, ta'dlim, inf. 
ii. of ((J&) ; instruction ; mark- 
ing; mark, sign; catechism; 
military drill; copy- writing of 
pupils. 

***** ta'ammud, full consideration ; 
firm resolution, v. (a**). 

(*+*» ta'ammum, inf. v. of (,«-♦•*) ; 
(m.) great bulk. 

•**♦*> ta'mid, inf. ii. of (x^) ; ( m .) 
baptism. 

j«-m? ta'mir, inf. ii. of (j**) ; 
emendation, restoration ; civi- 
lisation ; prosperity of the 
country. 

f**+»* ta'mim, inf. ii. of (^) ; 
generalisation. 

*t*+» ta l miya-t, blinding; blind- 
ness; darkness; obscure mean- 
ing. 

«*■**> ta'anntit, criticism; fault- 
finding; making difficulties, v. 

(vS^Ofi). 

,3y«? tu'nuq, pi. ta'dniq, level 
ground, field. 

*-A«-u> fo'7u/, inf. ii. of (*-***); 
importunity, molestation ; re- 
buke. 

(£**** fa'nw, inf. ii. of (^) ; 
title, superscription ; impotence ; 
bridling a horse ; — 8 ta'nina-t, 
impotence. 
y^«> ta'aukur, turbidness ; dis- 
quietude. 
±lj*> ta'wi?, inf. ii. of (*JjC) ; 



ta'wiz and 8 ta'wiza-t, talis- 
man. 
J*j*» Ja'wiZ, inf. ii. of ( Jys) ; cry 
for help; wailing; resolution; 
reliance. 

Co**) fo'a, inf. fo'y, jump, run. 

u~**» fo'fo, unhappy, miserable ; 
perishing. 

&**> ta'ayyun, inf. v. of (&*&) ; 
pi. -dt, essential qualities ; fixed 
salary ; office ; recruiting, levy. 

s-~**? ta'yib, inf. ii. of (s-**) ; 
blame, reproach ; putting to 
shame, exposure. 

(£«** ta'yin, inf. ii. of (($**) ; pi. 
•dt, fixed daily salary, ration. 

& # tig tig, sound produced by 
laughing. 

e*Vtf tagdbun, mutual deceit, fraud 
(«>i\ p£ yaumu-'t-tagdbun-i, Day 
of Judgment); irritability; v. 

y& tagdrr, violently bleeding 
(adj.); — 8, foaming and run- 
ning straight onward (camel). 

•tyto tagdrid, pi. of *ty*» tagrid. 

ji;V*> tagdriz, pi. of 32^ fcu/rw. 

jV*> tagazz, quarrel, vi. (yk). 

^Va» tagddi, inattention; neglect, 

JUJ %dft, inf. vi. of (jU) ; dear- 
ness, scarcity, dearth. 

*-H>^ tagdyub, absence. 

(v**?) togrifc, a, inf. to^roft, perish ; 
— rv. inf. itgdb, ruin. 

s-^» tagrofc, ruin ; want, dearth, 
famine ; vice ; — tagb, infamy, 
vice ; — 8 tagibba-t, false testi- 
mony. 

(6 s **) togtag, inf. 8, deliver a 
speech in a confused and indis- 
tinct manner. 

v.5*^ tagaddi, meal, breakfast, v. 

v5«V*? tagazzi, taking food; meal, 

v. (^). 
(j*5) fow/ar, a, tagtr, a, inf. tagardn, 

boil ; — inf. Jwgwr, pour down ; 

make water (dog) ; burst and 

let out water or any fluid ; 

spirt; fall abundantly (rain); 



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180 



— vii. inf. intigdr, rain heavily I 
(cloud) ; — S tagirra-t, risk of 
life, staking one's life. 
q\/S tagardn, boiling (adj.) ; inf. 

of G*>- . .... 

^5j*# tugra, imperial signature 

(Pers.) ; — S tagriya-t, inf. ii. 

of ()£) ; adhesion. 
(X/3 iagrim, inf. ii. of (#*) ; 

enforced payment ; fine, mulct. 
ij~ti tags, small cloud. 
£*A*? tagUya-t y inf. ii. of (y*^) ; 

whipping. 
^ytti tagdild, sweet kind of dates. 
**U* tagtiya-t y covering, veiling, v. 

(^). 

s-Jk tagallub y inf. v. of (s-^) ; 
victory ; superiority ; oppres- 
sion. 

u~bs tagallua, misfortune; evil; 
calamity. 

J*U? taglil, inf. ii. of ( J*) ; (m.) 
gagging. 

((***), iv. inf. itgdm, suffer from 
indigestion. 

i^Utf tagmddy falling asleep. 

Jt**** tagmid, inf. ii. of (u***) ; 
indulgence. 

)/* tugur, inf. of (jti). 

hj** tagvriya~t, seduction, deceit. 

(J*?) toga, a, inf. tagy, burst out 
laughing ; — perish ; — tig-an, 
loud laughter. 

jt*s tagayyur, inf. v. of ( «*) ; 
change, transformation, altera- 
tion. 

(«Jtf) tuff, pi. Hfafa-t, dirt or 
parings of the nails ; — pi. 
atfdf, tufdf, what sticks between 
the teeth ; — tuff -in, fie ! 

(US) toff, u, inf. taff y spit (blood, 
&c); — ii. taffaf, inf. tatfiya-t, 
say fie ! 

to tuff-an, fie ! 

ULJto to/<ftt/, pi. of «*iUtf <a/fc£/. 

eto tuffdh, 8, apple; apple-tree; 
^y^ ct> fa/paA armaniyy, apri- 
cot ; <^* «y to/a£ fdrisiyy, 
pear; <j*^ **> to#*A mdhiyy, 
orange ; o&* **> **#*£ barriyy, 



medlar ; — &t tuffdhiyya-ty apple 
sauce ; fruiterer, 
g^te tafurij, pi. openings, inter- 
stices. 
<3i>to tafdriq, pi. of v3*/> fa/rfy. 
j*-ltf tafdmr, pi. of ;*—*> Jo/istr. 
J*-Atf tafdsil, pi. of J*-tf fo/HJ. 
jito ta/aiw, inf. vi. of (J-**); 
superiority; surplus; remainder; 
— i^ tafdduliyy, see ^Us tamd- 
miyy. 
JW fo/aZ, spittle ; foam ; — tafa"ul, 

good omen, v. (J^). 
^to ti^tfn, proper time, nick of 

time. 
«yjU> tafdwut, inf. vi. of («■>>*); 
also tafdwity tafdwat, interval of 
space or time; difference, dis- 
crepancy ; want ; blame ; ab- 
sence. 
Jjto tafd'ul, omen, vi. (J^). 
U&JS tafd'ify pi. dirt, offal, parings, 

trifles. 
sJ&5 taftdf, pi. -un, tafdtify blabber, 

tell-tale; go-between. 
fJ8 taftar^f^^ daftar, book, &c. 
^Ac.rt? taftWyy, investigator, ex- 
aminer, 
(ii^tf) tafisy a, inf. tafasy trim the 
nails, hair, beard (for the sake 
of the pilgrimage to Mecca) ; 
clean one's self. 
s±*is tafasy dirt and parings of the 
pilgrims to Mecca ; squalor ; — 
tafis, having one's hair and beard 
neglected. 
(/0 tafry q\JS tafrdn, dirty; — 
tafar, bud; — iv. inf. itfdr, id. ; 
— S tifra-ty tufra-ty tqfira-t 9 tu~ 
fara-t, dimple between the nose 
and upper lip. 
Wjtf tifrdja-ty coward, 
vj^y* tafrdq, separation. 
Vy* tifrijd'y coward. 
4y& tifrija-t, pi. tafdrij, interval, 
interstice, chink ; pleasant sight, 
fine view ; coward. 
oy» tafarrudy inf. v. of (*y) ; ob- 
duracy ; restiveness, refractori- 
ness, insubordination ; rebel- 
lion. 



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Zijto tafriqa-t, separation; diffu- 
sion ; distribution ; distinction ; 
dispersion; discord. 

G3#tf) tufruq, pedicle of the date. 

Wy* tafrtf, inf. ii. of Q>f) ; excess ; 
too little; exaggeration; (m.) 
dissipation. 

<jfeyff tafriq, inf. ii. of (v5^) [ pi- 
tafdriq, division, distribution ; 
department; distinction; schism; 
subtraction ; suspicion ; jea- 
lousy. 

**/* tofriya-t, cutting into pieces, 
ii. (e;/) ; — lining with fur, see 

C~tf tafassuh, inf. v. of (c~*) J 
spaciousness ; commodiousness ; 
recreation in the open air ; dis- 
pensation. 

iy-js tafsira-t, diagnosis from the 
urine ; symptom ; prescription. 

tafsvr, inf. ii. of (;~i) ; pi. 
tafdsir, commentary ; paraphrase ; 
gloss. 

^ iafatii, * taftiya-t, spreading 
of a contageous disease. 

J^-« tafsid, inf. ii. of (•>-*) ; in- 
cision; groove. 

J«-tf tafsil, inf. ii. of ( J->) ; pi. 
tafdsil, division into chapters; 
analysis ; detail, narrating in 
detail; inventory; explicitness ; 
sketch, plan of a building ; cut 
of a dress ; pi. -at, details ; — S 
tafsUa-t, pi. tafdsil, piece of cloth 
cut off for a dress. 

J*a* tafdU, inf. ii. of (J-**); 
«t> f*~\ ism tafdil, comparative 
and superlative. 

***** tafdiya-t, emptying, n. (o^)- 

&*U» taftina-t, memorandum-book. 

&* tifafa-t, pi. of US tuff. 

*NS tafaqqud, inf. v. of (*&); 
inquiries after an absent person. 

ff& tafaqqu', bursting (n.). 

tatf tafqi J a-t, INF. ii. of (UU) ; (m.) 
"DeelinfiT. 

(J**) W al > *> z > INP - M» 8 P it 
out ; — tafil, a, inf. tafal, smell 
badly ; — iv. inf. itfdl, cause to 
smell badly. 



Jtf tafal, bad smell, stench ; — 
tafil, S, having a foul breath; 
— tufi, thin spittle ; saliva ; 
foam ; — tuffal, fox ; whelp of a 
fox ; — i tafala-t, foul breath. 

q\A*s tufld&n, spittoon. 

C«to» tafilh, inf. ii. of (e^) ; agri- 
culture. 

W*> tafliya-t, hunting for lice or 



tfS tafan, dirt. 

«dotf tufarik, S tufarika-t, gun, 
musket (Pers.). 

»<*6» tufankji, pi. tufanhjiyya-t, 
musketeer. 

&eJ& tafnin, inf. ii. of (&*) ; 
invention ; inequality in the 
thread of cloth ; mixture. 

(JUS) tafih, a, inf. tafdh, tufuh, be 
in 8 mall number or quantity 
and worthless ; — inf. tufiih, 
grow stupid, become a fool ; — 
tafih, tafah, inf. tafh, tufiih, 
emaciate (n.), grow thin, de- 
crease ; — inf. tafh, be insipid, 
tasteless. 

us tafih, 2 , tasteless, insipid ; — 
tufah, lynx. 

**>y» tafawwut, inf. v. of (**>j*) ; 
exceeding ; going beyond. 

i*jjts tufuf, pi. of US tuff y impure 
matter between the teeth. 

jys tafauwuq, inf. v. of (jj*) ; 
superiority ; pre-eminence. 

JjA> tafa"ul, tafawwul, prediction, 
v.(JU). 

qj& tafawwun, abundance, pro- 
fusion. 

U^^s tafwif, printing on stuffs; 
striping white. 

±t*S tafayyud, inf. v. of («***) ; 
advantage, profit. 

&&t*S tafyHa-t, proper time ; imme- 
diately after ; casting a shadow, 
shadow ; n. (tj*)- 

J*5A? tafil, prediction, n. (JVi. 

\B tiqd', fear ; — S taqd-t, piety ; 
fear of God. 

J5VB taqdtul, inf. vi. of ( J**) ; fight, 
combat; murder. 



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pte taqddim, pl. of &*JJB taqdi- 

ma-t. 
>t^te taqddir, pl. of jt^S taqdir. 
j& taqdrr, standing firm, vi. (ji). 
v>jVa? taqdrui, dint of battle. 
tJ& taqdrir, pi. of $/* taqrir. 
C*jUe taqdzih, spices; herbs for 

seasoning. 
<jeto taqdss, mutual requital or 

assistance, vi. (^). 
j#°\& taqdsir, pi. of jUa? taqsdr and 

;*«*> taqsir. 
^W fog^, ^W fogcta*, money 

claim, dunning, pressing for 

payment ; want, need ; vi. 

C'Vfi? taqdfu', intersection ; vi. 

fcAto %#*', pi. of && taqfi'. 

^^ taqd'ud, INF. vi. of (J*S) ; 
retirement from active service 
with a pension. 

s-JVs fogtf/ft, p l. of W* fogJt&. 

^J^? taqdlid, pl. of J^ %Z«J. 

f\& taqdmur, inp. vi. of (j*J) ; 
game of chance ; bet. 

&te taqdna-t, completion. 

•*)\s> taqdvmd, guidance! 

*j^ taqdwuh, inf. vi. of (*y) ; 
watchword ; parole. 

fyte taqdwa-t, piety, 

<4J^ taqdwi, inf. vi. of (<^y) ; 
advance for seed to a farmer. 

f*4jte taqdwim, pl. of ^Jtys taqwim. 

<^to taqdyi, vomiting, vi. (0>). 

JUa> taqtdl, killing ; murder. 

«^**tf iaqtit, inf. ii. of (t&*3) ; tale- 
bearing ; slander. 

^a» taqtir, inf. ii. of (ytf); ava- 
rice ; niggardliness. 

p*B taqaddum, inf. vi. of (fj£) ; 
pl. -<ft, pre-eminence ; priority; 
premise ; — S taqdima-t, pl. faga- 
Sim, present; dedication; pre- 
mise, proposition of a syllogism ; 
lieutenancy. 

S*va? taqda-t, tiqda-t, coriander ; 

cumin. 
ji±B taqdir, inf. ii. of (^) ; pl. 
-dt, taqddir, predestination, fate ; 
hypothesis, case ; measuring ; 



evaluation ; virtual (implicit) 
meaning ; — ^ taqdiriyy, virtual, 
implicit ; decreed by fate ; sup- 
posed. 

(j*9 taqir, spice; herb for sea- 
soning ; greens ; — 8 taqira-t 9 
cumin ; — taqirra4=)\/S taqrdr. 

j\jE taqrdr, firmness. 

(*>y*) tiqrid, greens ; cumin. 

)p taqarru', study of the Holy 
Scriptures ; intelligence ; v. 

s-s^tf taqrtb, inf. ii. of (s^*) ; 
present ; approximation ; pro- 
bability ; pretext ; — taqrib-an, 
bi-t-taqrib, approximately ; — ^ 
taqribiyy, approximate ; pre- 
sumable, probable. 

jk/P taqrir, inf. ii. of (J) ; pl. 
taqdrir, official report; diploma; 
notice, memorandum ; narrative ; 
pleasure ; — ^ taqririyy, justifi- 
cative ; vouching. 

u^y* taqrid, inf. ii. of (u*^); 
approbatory criticism. 

h/s taqriz, eulogy on a living 
person, 11. (i^). 

f*~? taqsim, inf. ii. of Q*~i); 
division ; land census ; land-tax- 
roll ; conjuration ; — ^ taqsimiyy, 
land-tax. 

s^ * Jg taq&ib, inf. 11. of (s-Ai) ; 
scratch on the skin. 

W-*^> taq£it, robbing (m.). 

j\*8 tiqsdr, S tiqsdra-t, pl. taqdsir, 
a short collar. 

**-«# taqsiba-t, ***-# taqsiba-t, pl. 
-dt, plaited lock of hair. 

j#*B taqsir, inf. ii. of (;-*); pl. 
taqdsir, abbreviation ; defect, 
fault ; negligence, neglect ; 
stigma ; pl. -dt, faults. 

&*°B taqsiya-t, paring the nails ; 
cropping the ears. 

&«& taqdiya-t, inf. ii. of (<j«tf ) ; 

decree of God ; sufficiency. 
y&8 taqtir, inf. ii. of (j£) ; dia- 
betes ; gonorrhoea. 

£&B taqfi', inf. ii. of ( jU) ; pl. 
taqdti', draft; stature; feature; 
colic ; cesura of a verse. 



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«-A*W* taqfif, sifting of flour; 
gathering grapes. 

(C*) taqa', hunger ; — taqi\ violent 
hunger. 

o 4 * taqaffi, rhyming (m.). 

s~ate taqlib, inf. it. of (s-fc) ; pi. 
taqdlib, rotations, revolutions. 

•Vsto taqlid, INF. II. of (*xU) ; pi. 
taqalid, taqdliddt, imitation ; 
spectacle, theatrical representa- 
tion ; investiture, diploma of 
such ; at-taqliddt, oral traditions 
(m.) ; — ^ taqlidiyy, imitated. 

J*to taqlil, inf. ii. of ( Js) ; scarce- 
ness. 

(*&+& taqamqum, murmuring. 

(t>s?) tiqn, 8 tiqna-t, nature, natural 
disposition ; — tiqn, skilful ; mire ; 
— hence n. taqqan, inf. tatqin, 
irrigate with miry water ; — n. 
and iv. inf. itqdn, arrange skil- 
fully ; build solidly ; make fast, 
fortify ; improve. 

j**» taqannu 9 , v. &Utf taqni'a-t, n. 
of (US) j crimson ; colouring red ; 
dying the beard. 

V» taqwd, piety, fear of God ; — 
tuqawd', pi. of ^ taqiyy. 

S\^S taqwdd, leading, driving. 

fl\j® Hqwdla-t, talkative. 

t& taqawwuh, suppuration. 

«jff tiqwila-t, talkative. 

<^» taqwa, piety ; fear of God ; 
abstemiousness ; — 8 taqwiya-t, 
strengthening ; encouraging. 

iJS taqa, for { JS\ ittaqa, viii. of 
(o 5 .?)* INF ' cs** tuq-an, tiqd', 
taqiyya-t, fear, fear God ; — 
taqiyy, pi. tuqawd', atqiyd', 
pious, God-fearing ; — S taqiy- 
ya-t, piety ; fear ; caution, pru- 
dence. 

*-*«** toqytfy inf. ii. of («-A*S) ; 
criticism ; (m.) libel. 

y& taqayyu 9 , {J 6& taqayyi, vomit- 
ing. 

£&& taqyih, making purulent; n. 

<*e*6 taqyid, inf. ii. of (*x*i) ; *&& 
^jUc taqyid i aqliyy, mental reser- 
vation. 



&**& taqyi'a-t, causing to vomit, n. 
(W»). 

(«***) takk, i, inf. tukiik, be stupid, 
absent-minded ; — u, inf. tahk, 
takka-t, cut; tread under the 
feet, crush by stamping; ine- 
briate ; — x. inf. istitkdk, tie 
up the trowsers with the tikka-t ; 

— 8 tikka-t, pi. tikak, string for 
tying up the trowsers, belt. 

0*0, iv. inf. itkd\ cause to lean 
upon ; throw down ; pierce with 
the sword; — viii. inf. ittikd', 
lean upon or against (<J^ l ala) ; 

— 8 tuka'a-t, support, back of a 
chair, &c. ; cushion ; stick ; one- 
sided. 

&& takdtu', INF. VI. of (£X*) ; 
consequence. 

y\& takdsur, inf. vi. of (ytf) ; 
frequency ; bi-'t-takdsur, fre- 
quently. 

csj^* takdri, hiring, renting, farm- 
ing. 

^ takdfu', equality, vi. (US'). 

*>U$ takdk, pi. of *& tahk, stupid, 
foolish, <fec. 

8/K> takdltira-t, pi. of ^f* tak- 
kari. 

«*JV£? takkdk, maker of the string 
&& tikka-t 

«-Aj^5 takdlif, pi. of ug^? taklif. 

ViU? tqkdyd, pi. of &<& tahya-t. 

&t}\j*& taJcbirdniyya-t, summit of 
greatness, or glory. 

j#t& takbir, inf. ii. of (j£) ; 
praise; pronouncing the words 
j^\ 6to\ alldh akbar ; magnifying 
word. 

(*Utf) taktak, inf. S=(*X?). 

fi*& tuktam, the well Zemzem. 
)<*& takaddur, inf. v. of (j^) ; 
dregs, sediment. 

£*£ takdir, inf. ii. of G**0; blame, 
reproach. 

^A±& tikizzdb, liar. 

jljQ takrdr, repetition ; tautology ; 
objection ; dispute, quarrel ; 
purification; refining. 

&*/* takrima-t, cushion of honour. 

<£f* tahkariyy, tukkariyy, pi. takd- 



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kira-t, leader, general ; — takarri, 
sleeping, sleep, v. (j/). 

jtfi talcrtr, inf. ii. of (/) ; revi- 
sion; reply. 

u*4^> tahriSy inf. ii. of (<j-/) ; 
pi. takrudt, dedication. 

&M£* takris'a-t, surfeited stomach ; 
sausage. 

/♦*;*> takrim, inf. ii. of (rf) ; pi. 
~dt, honour, cushion of honour. 

j*~* & taksir, inf. ii. of (j~£) ; 
fraction (of numbers) ; approxi- 
mate measuring ; oi\ £♦*- jam- 
'u-'t-taksir-iy broken plural. 

(lt"£>) tiks 9 old hawk. 

« JVaAft taMif, inf. of (Uu£) ; un- 
covering, &c. ; apocalypse. 

s-*# taka"uby cubic form, cube. 

&***& tak'iba-t, trellis-work (m.). 

rf& takfur, Greek Emperor. 

jt& takfir, inf. ii. of (^) ; 
covering, &c. ; atonement. 

***£> tikak, pi. of *£» tikka-t ; — 
fafcafc, takaka-t, pi. of *dV> fr/A:A:, 
foolish, <&c. 

(J*>) takil, a, takul, inf. tnkldn, 
from J*fl ittakal, viii. (J*j), 
rely upon (^ 'afo) ; — x. inf. 
istitkdl, consider skilful, reli- 
able ; — 8 tukla-t, trust in God ; 
— iakala-t, who relies or is 
obliged to rely on others ; (m.) 
trustworthy ; skilful, experi- 
enced, proved. 

{J& takldm, takldmm and 8 , elo- 
quent, talkative ; — tikilldm, 
conversation. 

($& takaldn, who relies upon 
others ; — tukldn, trust in God. 

cJkK? takalluf, inf. v. of (*-*^) ; 
taking trouble, <fcc. ; expendi- 
ture ; ceremonies, compliments ; 
affectation ; — S taklifa-t> toil- 
some work. 

f& takaUvm, inf. v. of (^) ; 
talking, &c. ; speech, language ; 
word. 

UitXs taklif, inf. ii. of (cJfc); 
imposing trouble, <&c. ; pi. takd- 
lif, trouble, vexation ; (m.) im- 



posts, taxes ; proposal, motion ; 
ceremonies, compliments. 

u**«-^» takambus, motley crowd. 

<^*& takanni, v. &^£>, n. of (j**) ; 
giving a nickname ; using meta- 
phoric language. 

&)& takwin, inf. ii. of (q^) ; 
causing to be, Ac. ; book of 
Genesis. 

&ij& takwiya-t, cauterisation ; (m.) 
ironing of linen, n. (csj*)- 

(^ takkiyy, maker of the string 
&& tikka-t ; — S takya-t, pi. 
takdyd, asylum ; convent 
(Pers.). 

(J>) tall f u, inf. tall, throw one 
down on his neck, cheek or 
forehead ; throw into difficulties; 
throw or push a thing into one's 
hand ; — u, i, humble one's self, 
fawn ; fall down ; pour out ; 
drop with perspiration ; let 
down ; (m.) take by the hand ; 
lead a beast of burden ; — in. 
inf. mutdlla4y seek a stallion 
to cover one's mare ; — iv. inf. 
itldly render fluid; tie up and 
lead a horse. 

J* tally pi. tildly tululy small hill ; 
sand-hill; pi. atldl, pillow; a 
garment; — S talla-ty drinking- 
vessel of palm-leaves ; — tilla-ty 
laziness ; reclining posture ; 
state, condition ; humidity. 

to taldy see ( jfc) ; — tald\ compact ; 
protection ; share, lot ; — talld f 
(public) reader of the Koran. 

&«*&» tula*biba-ty well-managed 
business. 

«y)fc taldty (m.) for «A>)tf salds, 
three. 

«-A3fl? taldtuf, ^Jfto taldtUfy dirty, 
squalid ; sordid ; detested ; tu- 
mult, quarrel. 

J*)fc taldtily pi. of J*k taltal and 
JJs talil ; — tuldtily strong and 
fat. 

(^Jfltf taldtin, (m.) for {$<&$ §ald*in, 
thirty ; Russian leather (Turk.). 

ija^s taldhuq, following succes- 
sively, succession. 



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•& tildd, hereditary property, heir- 
loom ; — ^ tilddiyy, hereditary, 
inherited, domestic. 

i^&S taldtt, inf. vi. of (j^J) ; 
getting destroyed, Ac. ; utter 
perplexity, bewilderment. 

fp Hid', pi. of **1? tal l a-%\— l 
taWa-t, length of the neck. 

ufo talldf, who spoils everything ; 
bungler ; — <j taldfi, recovering 
from a loss; amendment, vi. 

& taldf 



taldfif, densely-grown grass. 
v$fc taldq-in, Jfo taldqi, inp. vi. 

°* (o*0> meeting ; saJ\ m 

yaumu-'t- taldqi, Day of Judg- 
ment. 
W* talctta-t, error. 
Jfc taldlu', glimmering, flashing, 

11. (M). 
ij-Jfo taldlis, pi. of w*«b tillis. 
JWfc? ialdmiza-t, ±~& taldmiz, 

pupils, disciples, pi. of -W? 

tilmiz. 
CP& taldmih, pi. of £**!> tabnih. 
£*•%? taldmi', pi. of 2*+l> talmi 1 . 
yto taldn, now, at present. 
ijtfo taldhi, sporting, toying, 

amusement. 
lyb ttidwa-t, reading, rehearsal, 

praying; lecture; recital, inp. 

°f (P) J — tuldtva-t, balance (of 

an account) ; rest. 
ijyb taldwi, consent, agreement. 
(s-fc) talab, damage, loss ; — 

hence itla'abb, inf. itli'bdb, be 

well managed (business) ; be 

(placed) upright; be straight 

and level (road); lift up the 

neck and head, 
t,/***!? talkie, inf. ii. of (u~*0 ; 

decking, dressing, Ac. ; mixture; 

lie, deceit ; impostor, knave ; 

investiture ; incognito. 
&etb taUrina-t, soup of bran, milk 

and honey. 
(Jd?) taltaly inf. 8, move, shake 

(a. and n.) ; walk fast and with 

violent movements ; urge on 

with violence. 
Jd* taltal, hard trot; pi. taldtil, 



harshness; calamity; drinking- 
vessel of palm-leaves. 

gfc tulaj, eaglet. 

(©**)> IV * attaj* XXV' ttl&j* cause to 
enter, put into, insert. 

ISj^s tatf?a-t, compulsion ; vio- 
lence, 11. (W)- 

(j^> talhin, inf. 11. of (e>^); 
pronouncing badly, modulating, 
Ac; psalmody. 

(jaeaiJ? talhis, INF. II. of (u^), 

cleaning, extracting the purest 
part, Ac. ; quintessence ; ab- 
stract, report of a minister; 
publication; explanation. 

(jto) talad, v, 1, inf. tulud, be 
inherited, hereditary; — u, inf. 
tuliid, also talid, A, inf. talad, 
remain, to stay in a place (new 
comer) ; — 11. inf. tatlid, grasp 
with avidity and prevent others 
getting ; — iv. inf. itldd, possess 
or succeed to hereditary pro- 
perty; accumulate property to 
the inherited one. 

•vi? talad, born in a foreign country 
but brought as a child to Mus- 
lims ; — talad, told, tidd, born 
in the house; hereditary pro- 
perty ; — tuld, eaglet. 

£\& talddg, stinging, sting, 11. 

^j-k tulsiyy, sweet basil. 

Ual? talaffut, denying a debt, v. 
(U). 

£& tilt?, toothless (camel). 

(jl?) taW, a, inf. taV, rise; 
spread ; stretch forth the head ; 
— talV, a, inf. tola 1 , be full ; — 
tali*, talu', inf. tola 1 , be long, 
have a long neck; — iv. inf. 
ttW, stretch forth the head; 
stretch the neck ; — vi. inf. 
tatdlu 1 , stretch the neck and 
raise the head in walking. 

gfc tal 1 , hill; — tala € , length of the 
neck ; — tali 1 , who looks much 
about or round ; full ; — 8 taVa-t 
pi. Old', taWdt, mountain-slope 
with currents; torrent; river- 

24 



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186 



head ; ^5^* J*-» saii-u taVati, 
my own relations; (m.) hill, 
glebe. 

s^ taVdb, play; tal'db, tiVdb, 
tUi"db, 3 tili"dba-t, too much 
given to playing and sporting. 

y*y«l? talau l u8, chewing. 

^^S til'ib, S= v>Us foZ'afc, 2 . 

(«J&) talif, a, inf. foZa/, perish; 
— iv. inp. ittdf, ruin, make dis- 
appear; render destructive or 
recognise anything to be so ; — 
vii. inp. intildf, perish. 

«-Al> talaf, ruin, perdition ; loss ; 
dissipation ; talaf -an, unavenged 
(blood) ; — talif, perishing. 

jtol? tilfdq, two pieces of cloth or 
dresses sewn together. 

q\& talfdn, on the point of dying ; 
worn out by use. 

kAl7 talaffuz, pronunciation, v. 

«**& talfU, turning one's head 
towards another, 11. («^). 

M* talfiz, pronouncing, 11. (1*5). 

OkAl? talfiq, inf. 11. of (v^), 
sewing together, &c. ; fabrica- 
tion, falsification; (m.) medley, 
ragout; calumny; — S talfiqa-t, 
collection ; miscellany (tales, 
sayings, <fec). 

\& tilqd', meeting, encounter; side; 
vis-a-vis ; on the part of ; to- 
wards. 

jUto tiliqqd', * tiliqqd'a-t, talker. 

fUto tilqdm, S tilqdma-t, who swal- 
lows large morsels. 

{ ^3 talqin, inf. 11. of (e^), 
instructing, Ac. ; addressing 
the dead ; (m.) insinuation, 
innuendo, tale-bearing, goading 
up against ; dictation. 

*sto tilka, f. of i«UU zdlik, r fc that 
one. 

JJJ talal, humidity ; — tulul, pi. of 
JJi? talil 

pis talam, pi. atldm, furrow ; cleft ; 
— hence 11. taUam, inf. tatlim, 
furrow ; — tilm 9 pi. tildm, lad, 



youth, servant ; ploughman ; gold- 
smith; windpipe ; bellows. 
tUfc tahndh, flashing, shining, 11. 

tUtt tilimmdz, fickle; f. *; talka- 
tive ; a boisterous woman. 
(•W?) talmaz, inf. S, be a pupil 
to (J li) ; (m.) teach ; have for 
a pupil ; — 11. inf. tatalmuz, be 
a pupil, disciple. 
£*4? talmih, inf. ii. of (c^), 
speaking obscurely ; allusion ; 
pi. taldmih, features which re- 
mind of the father. 
•W? tilmiz, pi. taldmiz, taldmiza-t, 
taldm-in, taldmi, pupil, disciple ; 
student; (m.) confessor (who 
goes to confession). 
g*3? tabni', inf. ii. of (£♦*), 
glittering, &c. ; pi. taldmi 1 , 
glitter of arms, flashing of 
swords ; bright stripes. 
&fc talunna-t, tulunna-t, delay ; 

necessaries, 
(al?) talih, A. inf. talah, perish; 

be sad, perplexed ; forget. 
*1? talah, ruin, perdition ; con- 
fusion, perplexity. 
&*ft talhiya-t, diversion, unbending 

the mind, amusement ; toy. 
(jte) tald, u, tala, 1, inf. tuluww, 
follow, walk behind another; 
abandon, leave in the lurch; 
despise ; — inf. tildwa-t, read ; 
recite ; meditate ; — inf. talw, 
buy (the foal of) a mule; — 
tali, a, inf. J> til-an, remain, 
rest ; — 11. inf. tatliya-t, follow ; 
press for payment, dun ; follow up 
the prayers prescribed by others ; 
redeem one's vow ; lie in agony ; 
— in. inf. mutdldt, follow ; ac- 
company (in music) ; — iv. inf. 
itld*, cause one to follow an- 
other; press by the bailiff for 
payment ; overtake ; entrust 
with (J^ l ala), commission ; 
leave the remainder of a debt 
outstanding ; give, bestow on ; 
grant protection ; hand an 
arrow as a sign of protection; 



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187 



U 



be followed by her foals (camel, 
Ac); — v. inf. tatalli, follow 
unceasingly ; press by the 
bailiff;— vi. inp. tatdli, follow 
each other in uninterrupted 
succession ; — x. inf. MUd', 
desire one to follow, to espouse 
a cause ; lead ; continue. 

P tilw, pi. atld\ following (adj.); 
8 tilwa-t, foal; summer-lambs; 
a goat above four months old ; 
trace ; sublime, noble ; — talaww, 
who follows continually; — iu- 
luww, inf. of ( J>) ; — 8 tilwa-t, 
remainder of a debt. 

&£> talwdz, seeking refuge. 

l»jk talauwuf, sodomy. 

l}> tulu\ day-break. 

Jjfr talul, lazy, restive (camel). 

Op tulun, 8 tuluna-t, delay ; neces- 
saries. 

*jfc talawwuh, glitter, glimmer. 

«.5jte talaunoa, small 'ship ; — talawwi, 
inf. v. of (csj*), getting twisted, 
Ac. ; — 8 taltoiya-t, bending, 
folding, ii. (<j5jJ). 

3*jk talwij, inf. ii. of (eJ), turning 
aside, Ac. ; bend of the road. 

Ctyfc talwih, pi. taldwih, inf. ii. of 
(t)0> causing to flash, Ac. ; 
metonymy ; pi. fruit which 
begins to ripen. 

<Js tola, remainder of the month ; 

— tily, who swears much ; rich ; 

— talla, pi. of J*k talil ; — tulla, 
slaughtered sheep ; — 8 taliyya-t, 
remainder of a debt ; remainder, 
rest. 

^1* talid=z<& talad, hereditary, 

Ac. 
(tre**) tittis, 8 tiUUa-t, pi. taldlU, 

testicle ; little basket made of 



§<& tali', long-necked ; long, tall. 
&efc talifa-t, anything lost or 

spoiled. 
JJ» talil, pi. talla, thrown down, 

prostrate ; pi. aiilla-t, tulul, 

taldtil, neck, 
(j**) tamm, i, inf. tamm, timm, 

tumm, tamdm, timcm, tumdm, 



tamdma-t, timdma-t, be com- 
plete, whole, perfect; complete, 
finish (v» bi or Ja c ala) ; go to 
( <jH ila) ; — ii. inf. tatmvm, 
tatimma-t, improve, make per- 
fect; be complete; finish off 
(a wounded man) ; annihilate, 
ruin ; give to anyone his gain 
in the game of arrows; belong 
to or side with the tribe of 
Tamim ; suspend a talisman 
round one's neck ; — in. inf. 
mutdmamat, vie with another in 
completing a thing ; — iv. inf. 
itmdm, complete, finish; improve, 
make perfect; be on the point 
of giving birth ; be in full 
growth ; be full (moon) ; obtain 
one's wish ; give the axe {? timm 
to anyone ; go to ; — v. inf. 
tatammum, be complete (frac- 
ture) ; walk with a broken leg 
until the fracture is complete; 

— vi. inf. tatdmm, come in full 
numbers, reach the full number ; 

— x. inf. UUtmdm, wish for, 
demand or bring about the 
completion of a thing ; ask for 
anything necessary to the com- 
pletion of a work ; ask for the 
axe ;»? timm, 

t* tamm, timm, tumm, completion ; 
end, finish ; a kind of goose ; 
f*A li-timm-in, mature ; — timm, 
axe, hatchet ; anything complete; 

— tumm, mouth (m.) ; — 8 tarn- 
ma-t, talisman of camel-hair ; — 
timma-t, tumma-t, pi. tumam, 
the same ; — tumma-t, gift, 
present. 

(^**Us tamdtin, pi. of (^^ui timtdn. 

J**U? tamdsil, pi. of J^w timsdl. 

JU? tammdr, seller of dates. 

*^U? tamdrid, pi. of *>\j*5 timrdd. 

<j~UJ tamdsi, inf. vi. of C^***), 
being cut ; gangrene. 

C*-W tamdsih, pi. of t^-** timsdfc. 

IaW tamdM, pleasure- walk, prome- 
nade ; sight, spectacle ; amuse- 
ment. 

fUf tamdm, timdm, completed ; 



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«U* 



perfect ; whole, entire ; full 
(moon) ; completion, end ; — 
tammdm, troop, crowd ; — 8 
tamdma-t, completion; end; — 
tumdma-t, remainder, rest ; — ^ 
tamdrni, complete, entire ; s^-*- 
^jl-fcW . ^W hwab tamdrni wa 
tafdduli, integral and differential 
calculus ; — timdmiyy, the longest 
(night). 

fJUs tamd'im, pi. of &♦*♦* tami- 
ma-t. 

fix*? tamtdm, stammerer ; — 8 tarn- 
tdma-t, stammering. 

q\**5 timtdn, pi. tamdtin, tent- 
rope. 

(f*** 5 ) tamtam, inf. 8, pronounce 
badly the «*> and p ; speak with 
an impediment. 

**♦> tamattuh, error ; v. (**•). 

($**♦* tamtin, pi. tamdtin, tent- 
rope. 

JU*S tamsdl, comparison, resem- 
blance ; — timsdl, pi. tamdsil, 
resemblance ; image, likeness, 
portrait. 

Jtj^* tamsil, inf. ii. of (J**), 
representing by an image, Ac. ; 
making an example of ; pi. -db, 
example ; allegory. 

» ** %♦ * tamjid, inf. ii. of (•***•)> 
praising, Ac. ; eulogy ; hymn. 

&efe«£ tamhiya-t, erasing, blotting 
out. 

0**s tamaddun, inf. v. of ((^), 
uniting in civic society, Ac. ; 
polite manners ; civilisation, 
refinement. 

j*5 tamr, 8, pi. tumur, tumrdn, 
full ripe date; <^juu> ^ tamr 
hindiyy, tamarind ; — hence : 
tamar, u, inf. tamr, feed with 
dates ; — n. inf. tatmvr, enter 
the last stage of ripening ; bear 
ripe or ripening dates; feed 
with dates ; dry, make dry 
(fruit); mince and dry meat; 
— iv. inf. itmdr, abound in 
dates; enter the last stage of 
ripening ; bear dates ; feed 



. with dates; — 8 tamara-t, knot 
in a whip. 

*\j4* timrdd, pi. tamdrid, dove-cot ; 
bird's-nest; — tamrdd, inf. ii. 
of (*>/•), building high. 

oV* tvmrdn, pi. of j*S tamr. 

i3*)+* tamarrudiyy, refractory, re- 
bellious. 

Gj*0 tumariz, tummariz, dwarfish. 

ijfij** tammarrud, weakness, insuf- 
ficiency. 

iSj*> tamriyy, fond of dates. 

u**/** tamrU, a little rain. 

&j+3 tamrig, inf. ii. of (£/•) ; 
anointing, smearing. 

ky+* tamziya-t, high praise, eulogy ; 
ii. (c2»). 

t\~+5 Hmsdh (e*~** timsah), pi. 
tamdsih, crocodile; liar; ma- 
licious ; — tamsdh, lie. 

fi?~+* tamashur, jest ; masque- 
rade. 

< »* ■"■♦? tamasmJc, inf. v. of («**-*•), 
seizing, Ac. ; attachment ; pi. 
-at, written obligation ; note of 
hand, bond, bonus ; receipt. 

Wa~-M tamsihd, a prayer. 

^ —•♦s tammja-t, wishing good 
evening, n. (j~**). 

(u*-m) tamaS, u, inf. tarns, gather, 
assemble. 

\M timid 9 , walk, gait ; step. 

<* lW tumiak, sandal of Bagdad. 

0M-* 5 tamiia, dying red. 

** ** " ♦' tamSiya-t, causing to walk ; 
putting into motion ; purging ; 
giving the preference ; n. 

<J*» tamatth stretching one's self 
and yawning, n. (jk*). 

«*«&♦* tamqit, hatred. 

(«tW) tamak, u, i, inf. tamk, 
tvmvk, be long and high, juicy 
and firm (hump of a camel) ; 
— iv. inf. itmdk, fatten. 

V&+5 tamakkun, inf. v. of (<£&•), 
having authority and influence, 
Ac. ; power, wealth ; taking up 
an abode ; settling in a place. 

(£*£♦* tamkin, inf. ii. of (<£&•), 
giving authority, Ac.; making 



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189 



U 



possible ; investiture ; declen- 
sion. 

«J^** tamldq, timilldq, declaration 
of love, caressing, fondling. 

e^U? Hnddn, pi. of &eU* tandiya-t. 

(jW tamalluq, blandishment, flat- 
tery, v. of (O^). 

jUJ tomaZZw', being full, n. (^»). 

»*)jU$ turrduk, wild olive. 

o^U? tamlikiyy, one's own, here- 
ditary ; — 8 tamWciyya-t, right 
of property, of inheritance. 

*«U5 tamliya-t, pi. timl&n, long 
life, II. ( jU) ; — tamli'a-t, filling ; 
fetching water, n. (^*). 

f»*S tamarrty perfect, complete ; — 
twmam, timam, pi. of &♦> timma-t, 
u» tumma. 

W* tamannd, wish, desire ; salut- 
ing by kissing one's fingers 
and placing them on the fore- 
head. 

tj*** tamanni, pi. -a£, wish ; re- 
quest, petition, v. Gj**). 

(A**) tamih, a, inf. tamdh, ia- 
mdha-t, deteriorate in taste 
and smell ; smell badly, be 
rancid. 

(JeW) itmahctil, inf. itmiMdl, be 
long, hard, straight and strong. 

****** tamhid, inf. ii. of (**e*), 
spreading out, Ac. ; removing 
difficulties ; laying a broad, 
sound foundation. 

yet** tamhvr, inf. ii. of (jt~), 
demanding or taking a dowry, 
Ac. ; — sealing, from Pers. ^e* 
muhr, seal. 

<*W> tamhik, reducing to powder. 

jj*5 tamawwur, inf. v. of Qj*), 
oscillating, Ac. ; — tumwr, pi. of 
y* tamr. 

))*3 tcvmils, month of Julv. 

yy*5 tamavrwun, domestic expendi- 
ture, taking in provisions, v. 

tor)- 

J*j*s tamwU, enriching, n. (Jy»). 
imS *5 tumma=&+* timma-t,tvmmta4, 
Jl**? turnaila-t, pi. -at, Hmldn, a 

kind of cat. 
p<r» tamim, perfect, complete; 



name of a tribe ; — 5 tamima-t, 
pi. tamim, tamd'im, talisman, 
amulet ; — ^ tumimiyy, belong- 
ing to the tribe Tamim. 
tamyit, killing, murder. 

yte** tamyiz, inf. ii. of 0**), 
separating, discerning ; discri- 
mination, discernment, judg- 
ment, discretion. 

(&) tinn t pi. atndn, equal, similar ; 
one's equal, companion, com- 
rade ; — hence in. inf. &U* 
mutdnna-t, compare ; — iv. 
itndn, be far, absent; weaken 
and prevent from growing. 

(£> tunn, 8 , tunny-fish ; — 8 tina-t, 
endurance ; continual flow ; inf. 
of (^). 

(u>) tana\ a, inf. tumV, stay, 
dwell, inhabit (>r>bi, ^fi). 

U* tumid', peasants, countrymen, 
pi. of <J\S tdwC ; — 8 tinafa-t, 
dwelling, living in a place, 
fixed residence. 

J**U? tandbil, pi. of JW^ timbdl, 
Jj*^ tambuL 

<.5*>U* tanddi, inf. vi. of ()<*>), 
calling to each other, &c. ; ^ 
«*S\ yaumu-'t-tanddi, Day of 
Judgment. 

j^SUS tanddid, pi. stray birds ; stray 
fugitives. 

j\jS tanncbr, maker of stoves, Ac. 

s-*~U> tandsrib, inf. v. of (s— ~ *), 
claiming relationship ; sym- 
metry ; gracefulness of propor- 
tion ; conformity. 

£~to tandsuh, h tandmhiyya-U 
metempsychosis ; — tand&uhiyy, 
believer in such. 

J~U* tandsul, begetting, genera- 
tion ; descent, vi. (J~>*). 

^yjjs tandei, real or pretended 
forgetfulness, vi. (^5— *). 

j**A*> tandsir, exercises in calli- 
graphy. 

s-^*^* tandsib, mile-stones, stones 
to mark out the road. 

v»g\j5 tana'u8, drowsiness ; pre- 
tending to be asleep, vi. (cr**). 



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ktf 



gs^^* tandfij, pi. wedge-like pieces 
inserted in a dress. 

ua**^» tandqiq, pi. defects, short- 
comings. 

r*^» tandkuh, intermarriage, vi. 

(e*). 

^u> tandnir, pi. of jy> tannur. 
y*}^ tandnin, pj. of (£*■*> tinnin. 
<j*to tandhi, inf. vi. of (o**)* 

arriving, <fcc. ; — pi. of Xe^ 

tanhiya-t. 
*y>)\& tandwub, doing alternately, 

™. (W)« 
Jy-tf tandvml, inp. vi. of (Jy), 

taking, seizing, &c. ; Holy 

Communion. 
SjU* tindwa-t, *iU» Hndya-t, neglect 

of study and discussion (between 

scholars). 
C*y«*> fowdiwA, pi. of e*y* fowiwiA. 
*JtfU? tand'if, pi. of &y? tanufa-L 
jW-tf timbdl, pi. tandbil, tandbila-t, 

dwarf; — S timbdla-t 9 id. ; dwartish 

figure. 
5<-^ tanabbuj, swelling of a bone. 
**X*tf tumbak, tobacco (Pers.). 
J*tf fo'm&aZ=JV*^ timbdl; (m.) pi. 

tandbil, weak, soft ; lazy ; idler ; 

— tanabbul, inp. v. of (J**), 

excelling by birth, skill, &c. 
#*jS tanabbu\ office of a prophet, v. 

(w»). 

#*& tarribur, small ; dwarf. 

jj*& turribul, pi. tandbil, dwarf. 

«>w$ tambit, inf. ii. of («^), 
causing to grow, &c. ; tambit, 
timbity anything sprouting ; (m.) 
trees, bushes, shrubs ; projection 
of a sill, of ornaments ; stitches 
of a seam. 

lz*£ tambi'a-t, prophesying, pro- 
phecy, ii. (M). 

&**tf tambih, inp. ii. of (<M), 
awakening, &c. ; pi. -at, admo- 
nition ; aviso ; decree, edict ; 
notice. 

v/Aatf tantdS, calumny. 

flUtf tinidla-t, J«? tintal, dwarf. 

^sjS tantan, inp. S, leave one's 
friends for other people's com- 
pany. 



J*«* tantil, dwarfish, dwarf. 

S^tf tanjara-t=ly+& tanjara-t, 
frying-pan; kettle; pot. 

{ j+* tanajji, inf. v. of (fr), 
saving one's self, escaping ; 
salvation, eternal bliss ; — S 
tanjiya-t, rescue, deliverance, n. 
(yr) ; city of Tangier. 

i r * V * tanjie, inf. ii. of (u**r), 
polluting, &c. ; amulet against 
the evil eye. 

**"**.-£ tanhit, planing ; cutting the 
hoof. 

(&*) tonufa u > INF » tunuhy . stay, 
dwell ; — tanifr, a, inp. tanah, 
suffer from indigestion ; — ii. 
inf. tatnih, stay, remain, abide 
(s^ bi) ; — in. inf. mutdnaha-t, 
make a stand in battle ; — iv. 
inf. itndhy cause indigestion; 
— v. inf. tatannub, stay, abide 
(v» W). 

•^pfctf tanahhuz, command of a ship, 
captainship. 

jaattf tanfrir, speech. 

*y* tanazzuh, inf. v. of (*>*), being 
far from water and pasture- 
ground, &c. ; purity, chastity ; 
elevation of the mind; recre- 
ation; amusement; walk in the 
open air ; entertainment. 

J*y* tanzil, inf. ii. of (Jy), 
sending down, &c, revelation ; 
Koran ; hospitable reception ; 
diminishing, subtracting ; hu- 
miliation ; deposition ; inser- 
tion. 

u-UjS tansds, swiftness. 

j+~-£ tanasmm, pleasant breeze. 

*!' * «■ * tarmb t praise, approval. 

<jk-~tf tarmq, inf. ii. of (<JM), 
arranging in good order, &c. ; 
pi. -at, ordinance, regulation. 

&*** tanaSSuq, snuffing, n. (<3-*»*). 

2&±jS tanti'at, bringing up, edu- 
cation, ii. (^*). 

tUtf tanddh, exuding, perspiration ; 
dew. 

jUu? tanzdr, perceiving, inf. of 

(». " 
I*)** tanzvm, inf. ii. of (fM) 9 



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putting in order, Ac. ; ordinance, 
regulation. 

f*e** tan'im, inf. ii. of (f*«0, 
procuring a happy life, Ac; 
pampering, effeminating. 

j*tf tanaffur, abhorrence, detesta- 
tion. 

tr**^ tanaffus, inf. v. of (lt*0 ; 
breathing, sighing, Ac. ; recre- 
ation. 

•M*» tanfiz, transmission; execu- 
tion; enforcing. 

u-e 4 * 5 tanfis, cheering, refreshing, 
consoling ; i*A\ uy» harfu-'t- 
tanfis-i, particle of wishing. 

j\Aj5 tanqdd, separating, sifting. 

ijX&j* tanqds, aiminishing, damag- 
ing, injuring. 

f\&*s tiniqqdm, vengeance, punish- 
ment. 

O *** tanaqqus, diminution; injury, 
damage, v. (u&). 

s-«*&tf tanqib, inf. ii. of (s~»), 
examining, Ac. ; criticism ; 
mining. 

C*fc* tanqih, inf. ii. of (c**), 
sucking the marrow out of the 
bones, Ac. ; concise and hitting 
speech ; correction of style, Ac. ; 
revision. 

*a&tf tanqiya-t, purification ; clean- 
ing ; selecting ; winnowing ; 
taking out the intestines, n. 

,(C5»). 

**«* tanak, sheet metal, tin plates 

(m.). 
^j+£& tanakji, pi. h iyya-t, tinman, 

tinker. 
j£j5 tanakkur, disguise, incognito ; 

transformation into a lower 

state, indefiniteness, v. 0&). 
u^ M tankit, inf. ii. of (vs^»), 

cavilling, Ac., (m.) criticism; 

censure ; vexation. 
j^jS tanMr, inf. ii. of (j&), 

altering, disfiguring, &c. ; dis- 
guise ; generalisation. 
((+£) tanam, u, inf. tanm, browse 

on the tree tanntim. 
<3*«j£ tanmiq, inf. ii. of (OK*), 

writing with large letters, Ac. ; 



choice handwriting, exquisite 
penmanship. 
Z*+j3 tanmiya-t, causing to grow, 
to increase, to flourish, n. ( j*i) ; 

— adulteration ; lie ; calumny ; 
quotation; growth, increase, ii. 

W*> tanhd, alone, solitary (Pers.) ; 
— tanhiV, highest point of rising 
water. 

&£&5 tanhika-t, punishment, tor- 
ture. 

&*&* tanhiya-t, prohibition, for- 
biddance ; termination ; attain- 
ing to the extreme limits ; pi. 
^U? tandhi, highest point of 
rising water. 

\y* tanwd*, rising with difficulty 
(under a burden) ; inf. of (y). 

My£ tanwdf, decoration of a sedan- 
chair. 

(s^ytf) tannub, fir-tree. 

jy& tannur, pi. tandnir, stove, 
oven, furnace; pit for baking; 
surface of the earth ; source ; 

— tanawwur, inf. v. of Oy), 
shining, Ac. ; — ^$ tannuriyy, 
maker of stoves, Ac. 

&y> tanvfa-t 9 h ianiifiyya-t, pi. 
tana if , vast desert. 

(•ytf tanntim> name of a tree ; 
hemp-seed ; — hence : v. inf. 
tanatvvrum, browse on the tree 
tannum ; — tanawwum, inf. v. 
of (fy), sleeping. 

&f5 tanwih, pi. tandwh, lamenta- 
tion, mourning for the dead, n. 

(cy). 

&f5 tanvrin, nunnation (marking 

with .1,7,-). 

kf* tantoiya-t, inf. ii. of (^y), 
accomplishing a purpose; (m.) 
mewing. 

&*£ tinin, equal, similar ; — tinnin, 
pi. tandniriy large serpent ; dra- 
gon (constellation) ; shark. 

A» tih, for *«J zih, this, f. s. 

/lfl» tahdtir, pi. of f4> tahtar ; — 
tahdtur, inf. vi. of (/a), being 
arrogant towards each other. 

ti\j tahdtih, pi. vanities. 



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f\& taham, pi. -wn, native of 
Mecca ; — S tihdma-t, Tihama ; 
Mecca ; — ^ tihdmiyy, from 
Tihama. 
<j*W tahdni, pi. of *&*$» tahni'a4. 
v>jW tahdwis, (J^Jw tahdwiS, pi. 
of i>\j6* tahwd&\ — \J*)\$ tahd- 
wu&, inf. vi. of G>y&), being 
mixed up together, set against 
each other. 
JijW tahdwil, pi. of J*j$* tahwU. 

j& tahdyu', consent, vr. (W*). 
J**«» tahbil, 8 , (m.) steam-bath ; 
fomentation. 

;^e> tahtdr, stupid insolence. 

J^6» tahtdl, continual rain. 

gUp tahtdn, continual light rain. 

f# tahtar, pi. tahdtir, contra- 
dictory and on either part false 
evidence ; mutual false accusa- 
tion. 

(tae*) tahtah, inf. 8 , indulge in 
idle doings. 

Wfl* tahjd 9 , satire, libel, pasqui- 
nade. 

gV^6? tahjd 1 , light slumber. 

£**? tahja', broad. 

j*6> tahajju 9 , ^^e? tahajji, &»«> 
tahjiya-t, spelling ; ^e^^ U^ 
himifu-'t-tahji, al phabe t. 

15*10; tahaddi, right guidance, v. 
(^jufc) ; — tahaddi* 9 alleviation, 
mitigation ; abatement of price, 
v. (\j*fc) ; — 6 tahdiya-t, offering, 
giving for a present ; n. («^*>) ; 
— tahdi'a-t, soothing, quieting, 
&c, n. 0^). 

^•V tahzdr, talking nonsense, 
absurd talk. 

for tahazzu', bursting (of a tu- 
mour). 

)& taharru\ over-cooking, v. (\y&). 

&e> tahrfa-t, dissolving by boiling, 

ii. (V). 

J)6? tahazzul, facetiousness, jocose- 

ness. 
JW tahfal, lasting rain. 
SS&V tahlika-t, tahlaka-t, tahluka-t, 

ruin; danger; what leads to 

ruin. 



Jl«* tahaUal, vain, idle ; — tahaUul, 

rejoicing, delight, v. (Ja). 
d^# tuhluk, ruin, inp. of (**XU). 
(^6>) tahim, a, inf. taham, tahd- 
ma-t, get deteriorated and smell 
badly (meat) ; stink ; perceive 
one's insufficiency for a thing 
and get confused at it; refuse 
the pasture ; be very hot, while 
the air is calm ; — tahum, be 
suspected, for ^\ ittaham, vin. 
((**?) 5 ( m ) taham, suspect, 
accuse ; — in. inf. mutahdma-t 
=v. ; — iv. inf. vthdm, go to 
Tahama or live there; find the 
air of a country oppressive and 
unwholesome; suspect and ac- 
cuse falsely ; suppose, doubt ; 
suggest an opinion or suspicion ; 
— in. and v. inf. tatahhum, go 
to Tahama, or live there; — 
vn. inf. intihdm, (m.) be sus- 
pected, accused ; — vin. inf. 
ittihdm, suspect. 

f*V taham,, calm (of the air) ; ex- 
cessive heat ; sea-shore ; — tahim, 
smelling badly, stinking ; — 
tahm, Tahama ; sea-shore ; — 8 
tahama-t, stench ; pi. tahd'im, 
shore ; — tahma-t, Tahama ; town, 
city ; — tuhma-t, suspicion, bad 
opinion. 

^j&H? tuhmatiyy, suspicious, sus- 
pected (m.). 

(e«*) tahin, a, inf. tahan, sleep. 

($$ tahin, sleeping (adj.). 

&Ue* iahni'a-t, {J ^ tahni', congra- 
tulation; saying V* haniyy-an, 
may it do you good ! ungrudg- 
ingness. 

(j«*) tahd, u, inf. tahw, being 
negligent. 

\j6> tahwd\ part of the night. 

*\f? tahwdd, speaking low and 
gently (s.). 

\J»\y$ tahwdti, pi. tahdwii, tahdwiS, 
crowd of people ; tumult. 

•>je» tahawwud, inf. v. of (*>j*), 
being gentle in speech, becom- 
ing a Jew, &c. ; conversion ; 
repentance; conciliation. 



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2*j6* tahwV, violent agitation; 

vomiting, n. (£y*>). 
Jijtf tahwil, inf. n. of (Jy&), 

frightening, &c. ; pi. tahdwU, 

terrific sight ; goblin ; phantom ; 

calumny. 
<jp tihi, this, f. sing, of U zd; — 

tahiyy, void, vacant (Pers.). 
(*& tahim, suspect, suspicious ; 

— tahayyum, elegant gait, v. 

yt& tahayyu', being prepared, &c, 
v. (^a). 

u& tahyi', &&e# tahyi'a-t, pi. -at, 
preparation; good guidance, n. 
(W»). 

y taww, pi. atwd', alone; single; 
simple, not compound ; finished ; 
1000 horses ; — S tawwa-t, hour ; 
tawwat-an, just now, this very 
moment. 

\y tawd', sign of the cross. 

v»V towwdb, repenting, penitent ; 
long-suffering ; — S tu'dba-t, dis- 
grace, ignominy. 

$\y tawdbi 1 , dependencies, pi. of 
*«*fc tdbi'a-t. 

J*\y tawdbil, spices, pi. of J*^ 
tdbil. 

«^tj»V towafcft, biers, &c, pi. of 
<*>yV» £dfo2l. 

yly tawdtur, inp. vi. of (yj), fol- 
lowing each other in short 
intervals, Ac, ; uninterrupted 
tradition ; frequency ; pub- 
licity. 

j(f\f tawd&ir, pi. ofjyf tu'siir. 

sV twwdj, bleating. 

•>\y tau'ad, considerateness ; de- 
liberation ; — tawddd, mutual 
love, vi. (*>j) ; — cs tawddi, pi. 
of h*y taudiya-L 

4j\y tawdrud, inf. vi. of (»>#), 
coming together to the watering- 
place, <fcc. ; in rhetoric : chance 
agreement between two poets. 

£*)V towdrih, historical dates, &c, 
pi. of &fi tdrib. 

gs\y tawddu\ inf. vi. of (fi*j), 
deporting one's self with hu- 



mility; false politeness; cring- 
ing. 

}>\y tawdfu', agreement ; self- 
humiliation, vi. (U»j). 

v>*y tawdfuq, inf. vi. of (<J*j), 
agreeing one with another, &c. ; 
league ; leaving no remainder 
in division ; commensurability. 

v5V tawwdq, longingly attached. 

£e*V tawdqi 6 , pi. of g**y tauqi 1 . 

te\y tawdkuz, complication ; en- 
tanglement. 

^\f tawdJcid, pi. of J^y taukid. 

J\y tawdli, succession, vi. ( J^) ; 

— pi. of y^ tdliya-t, the ex- 
tremities of the body. 

f\f tau'am, pi. j*fty tawd'im, tu'dm, 
twin-brother; the second best 
cast of the dice, arrow or lot ; 
constellation of the Twins ; — 
tu'dm, (m.) twin-like, double; 

— S tau'ama-t , pi. tawd'im, twin- 
sister; a litter or sedan-chair 
open at the top for women ; — 
3* tu'dmiyya-t, a pearl. 

y\y tawdn-in, ^j\y tawdni, slow- 
ness ; tiredness ; delay ; negli- 
gence ; vi. (J } ). 

(j\j tawd'im, by-paths; — pi. of 
p\f tau'am. 

(s^y) tab, u, inf. taub, tauba-t, 
matdb, tdba-t, tatwiba-t, return 
penitently to God; admit the 
penitent to His mercy (God) ; 
draw back ; — x. inf. istitdb, call 
or move to repentance. 

s^y tob, top, cannon (Turk.) ; — 8 
tauba-t, repentance; confession 
of sins. 

( J*y ) taubal, inf. I , put seasoning 
into the cooking-pot. 

J*y taubal, pL tawdbil, herbs for 
seasoning. 

«*>y tUt, mulberry ; mulberry-tree. 

yf tawattur, tension ; stiffness. 

gWy tutmdj, a dish of vermicelli 
(Pers.). 

&y tiitun, tobacco (Turk.). 

Wy tdHyd', philosopher's stone; 
smoke of huts ; zinc. 

25 



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•*e>y tauttd, inf. ii. of («tfj), ram- 
ming in pegs ; priapism. 
*£>y £t/£=«t>y tut, mulberry. 
s-*y tawasmb, assault, v. (s->j). 
jff tu'siir, pi. tawusir, ta'dsir, 
military escort of the tax- 
gatherer ; beadle ; iron for 
branding the soles of a camel. 

(ey) tdj, u, inf. tauj, get crowned ; 
— ii. inf. tawtj, crown ; — v. inf. 
tatawumj, get crowned. 

ty tvj, quince (Pers.) ; bronze, 
brass (Turk.). 

&+f tatoajjuh, inf. v. of (*+-;), 
turning towards, &c. ; kind at- 
tention, favour, pi. -at, marks of 
favour. 

A**y taujih, inf. ii. of (*»-;), turn- 
ing towards, &c. ; pi. -dt, new 
nominations (to office) ; census ; 
tax-roll ; last consonant but 
one of a verse with u or a for 
a vowel. 

(ty) tdh, it, inf. tauh, be broad. 

ij^-y tawahhuS, inf. v. of (<*r°^), 
growing desolate, savage, <fcc. ; 
abhorrence, aversion. 

(ty) tdh, u, inf. tauh (also $\* 
tdj), touch anything swollen or 
dip into anything soft (finger). 

f^y tawahhum, being unwhole- 
some, v. (;**-;). 

,»«*»;> tauJ}im, soiling, polluting, 
ii. (^). 

A*£y tauhiya-t, message, trans- 
mission. 

S»>y tu'ada-t, tu'da-t, sedateness, 
steadiness; deliberateness; quiet 
deportment. 

h*f taudiya-t, pi. tawddi, dwarf ; 
sending ; guidance, n. of (^5^). 

(jy ) td/r, u, inf. taur, flow ; roam 
about; — iv. inf. itdra-t, do a 
thing repeatedly; for j$\ afar, 
fix the look sharply at (<J\ 
ila). 

;y taur, pi. atwdr, mediator, envoy ; 
a vessel for water ; course ; wax- 
cake ; — S taura-t, messenger of 
love. 

s^y twurdb, earth, dust. 



S\>y taur at, Thora, Pentateuch. 
g*;y turunj, orange (Pers.). 
)})f tuWnr, pi. tawdrir^jyy su'nir. 
vs-s>;y taur it, Pentateuch (m.). 
^y taurlh, putting the date, n. 

h)y tauriya4, inf. ii. of («^j), 
lighting a fire, &c. ; notion, 
conception, idea; riddle, word 
in its rarest signification ; al- 
literation of final consonants; 
(m.) theory ; — #>y tauri'a-t, 
perspective (m.). 

(jy) tdz, u, inf. taws, be thick, 
coarse, rude. 

jy tuz, natural disposition ; origin ; 
bat (of wood) ; paling. 

^jy tiwzdn, S tiwzdna-t, contrary, 
opposed. 

tyy tauzald 9 , Jjy tauzald, tauzala, 
misfortune, calamity. 

i^)y tauzi', I tauzi! a-t, throwing 
off the rider, n. (\}j). 

(u*y) tiU, natural disposition ; 
origin. 

!*-y tawassut, inf. v. of (k-j), 
placing one's self in the middle ; 
penetrating deeply into a matter, 
fathoming. 

g-y tawasm 1 , inf. ii. of (g-j), 
getting extended, enlarged, 
widened, &c. ; extensive know- 
ledge. 

<j*y~f tawaswus, disquietude ; 
scruple ; temptations of the 
devil. 

£**y tauUh, inf. ii. of (c*j), 
girding with a sash, &c. ; para- 
phrase ; adornment ; vignette ; 
acrostic. 

&tAy tqu£ya-t, painting, embroider- 
ing, &c, II. (^j). 

o***/ tausifiyy, descriptive ; at- 
tributive. 

&#oy tausiya-t, inf. ii. of (<j*j), 
enjoining, &c. ; recommenda- 
tion; admonition; commission; 
testament, will ; banns. 

jAy tawaddu', ablution before 
prayer, v. (U>j). 

<-A«fcy tauzif, nomination to an 



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office; assigning a salary ; impost 
on transactions. 

(£f) td', v, inf. tau ( , dip bread 
into butter, milk, <fec, to suck 
them up ; — %± tau'iya-t, awaken- 
ing (a.), ii. OjCj). 

(«-*y) tdf, u,inf. tauf, be dimmed; 
— inf. taufa-t, relax from weari- 
ness ; — 8 taufa-t, deception of 
the senses, delusion ; error ; 
transgression ; — tufa-t, fault, 
vice ; want ; excess ; hesitation, 
delay. 

jVi >J taufdq, <Jiy taufaq, time ; 
nrst appearance. 

<jk*y tauftq, inf. ii. of 03*$), 
fitting, <fcc. ; guidance and grace 
of God; fulfilment of one's 
wishes, success, prospering (s.) ; 
adjustment, agreement; time. 

***/ taufiya-t, full payment, n. 

(o»>)- 

(v5y) tdq, u, inf. tauq, tu'uq, 
tawaqdn, tiqdya-t, long for, 
desire; favour; be eagerly set 
on doing; be quick and vigi- 
lant; come out with a prize 
(arrow in the game) ; bend the 
bow by tension; — inf. tauq, 
tawaqdn, sacrifice one's self 
from generosity ; — iv. inf. 
it'dq, bend the bow strongly. 

J>y tauq, longing, desire ; passion ; 
concupiscence ; — tuq, bend, in- 
curvation ; — tu'uq, fervent 
desire. 

&\*f tawaqdn, inf. of (v5/)- 

«-AJy tawaqquf, inf. v. of (<-**j), 
stopping (n.), hesitating, &c. ; 
perseverance ; expectation, de- 
pendency. 

&Sy tauqala~t, horse walking safely 
over rocks and stones. 

o^iy tauqU, fixing a time, n. 

g«Jy tauqx', inf. n. of (gi>), 
dropping, &c. ; pi. tawdqi', royal 
signet ; seal ; notion, idea. 

AfJy tauqiya-t, protection, guard, 

cjtty taukdf, eaves. 



**a*y tauMd, inf. ii. of («**j), 
making firm, <fcc. ; pi. tawdhid, 
confirmation ; ratification ; em- 
phasis; girths. 

(Jy) tdl, u, inf. taul, practice 
sorcery ; — I taula-t, tula-t, 
tuwala-t, calamity ; — tuwala-t, 
tiwala-t, love-spell ; magic. 

2y tuld, «t>2y tdldt, misfortune, 
calamities. 

s-Jy taulab, pi. tawdlib, foal of 
an ass ; calf ; «t> p\ umm taulab, 
she-ass. 

$Jy taulaj, lair of a wild beast, 
den. 

y^f tawaldun, childishness, child- 
ish tricks. 

gjy taulij, inf. ii. of (^), making 
enter, &c. ; transmission of pro- 
perty during lifetime. 

±Jf taulid, inf. ii. of (jJj), assist- 
ing at a birth, <fcc. ; begetting ; 
education. 

Wy tauliya-t, inf. ii. of (Jj), 
turning the back, &c. ; nomi- 
nation as a governor, prefect, 
&c. ; administration of pious 
foundations. 

(•y ta'um, tau'am=p\f tau'am, 
twin ; — turn, garlic ; — 8 
tiima-t, pi. turn, tu'am, pearl; 
ear-ring with a large pearl; 
egg of the ostrich ; «t> A 
umm tiima-t, mother of pearl; 
ostrich ; — tau* ama-t, O'pen vehicle 
for women. 

tiimdr, roll, book, volume 
(Pers.). 

0^*y timdm,, a Persian gold coin ; 
10,000 men. 

<syf tu'muriyy, somebody, any- 
body. 

(^•/ tawammun, number of chil- 
dren. 

jyf tu'mwr, somebody, anybody ; 
pi. j#»\s ta'dmir, stone to mark 
the road in the desert. 

^y tuma, Thomas ; — 8 taumi'a-t, 
wink, sign 0*j). 

(gy ) tun, leathern game-board ; — 
h tuniyya-t, tunic. 



jUy 



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(o/)> ▼!• inf. tatdwun, surround 
the game. 

(«/) i<2&, u, inp. fcmfc, perish ; 
depart and disappear; wander; 
wander in mind ; (m.) be absent- 
minded ; be proud, haughty, 
supercilious ; — n. inf. tatwih, 
cause to perish ; render confused, 
perplexed ; — iv. inf. itdh, per- 
plex, confound. 

*/ tuwah, pi. tuh, atwdh, atdwih, 
thunderstruck, utterly per- 
plexed, bewildered ; — tauh, tuh, 
ruin. 

O^y tauhdn, perplexity, bewilder- 
ment ; (m.) absent-mindedness. 

•fcfcy tauhad, perfect of form. 

t^yfcy tauhariyy, long hump of a 
camel. 

(v5j>) tawi, a, inf. taw-an, perish ; 
be spent (money) ; — iv. inf. 
\f\ itwd, ruin, cause to perish. 

«4j» taw-an, ruin ; — tawi, perishing, 
falling, lost; — tawiyy, stationary, 
dwelling. 

grt/ tuwaibi', Aldabaran. 

^3* ti, she, this, f . of U zd ; — ti, 
(m.) tea ; — tayy, write a «t> t. 

V<£ tayyd, the little one, f . dim. of 
\std. 

t^ tayydh, a lively horse, walking 
sideways. 

$*? tayydr, pi. -at, wave which 
breaks and dissolves ; the deep ; 
bleeding vein ; astonished ; 
pompously dressed up. 

)V tayydz, short and thick-set; 
dwarf ; strong ; sower. 

uAs* tayyds, who keeps he-goats ; 
du. tayy as an, name of two stars; 
— Uyd$, inf. in. of (w#). 

&l«? tiydqa-t, longing, desire, inf. 
of (j#. 

*^W* tayy dk, **UV tayydliJc=\t? 
tayyd. 

fte tai'am, twin-brother. 

gW> tayydn, seller of figs. 

fiVtJ tayydh, proud; gone astray, 
lost. 

y&V*J taydhir, yo^^ taydhir, pi. of 
jjfe? taihUr. 



<J*ts* taital= { )z& saital, J^ saiml, 

old male chamois. 
($We> %7Sn, crowns, pi. of gtf ft?/. 

(e*0 *<*£> *> INF - ^#» De ready; 
move to and fro in walking; 
go astray, wander; — iv. inf. 
itdha-t, make ready, set on foot ; 
decree, measure out to (J ft), 
destine, appoint, allot. 

($W-s* tayyahdn, who talks about 
things which do not concern 
him ;=cW* tayydh, 

(fr?) tdh, i, inf. taih, cudgel. 

(*V*>) taid, gentleness, mildness, 
kindness; d±J taida-ka, gently \ 

0*0 '^r, l > swell, billow. 

yt> tvr, pride; haughtiness; head- 
beam ; desert, wilderness ; — 
tiyar, fS War, pi. of ty tdra-t ; 
tiyar-an, often, many times. 

*y>\jt? tairdb, s->/e> tairab, earth, 
ground. 

(yt?) tdz, i, inf. tayazdn, die ; — 
inf. taiz, contend for victory ; 
— in. inf. mutdyaza-t, id. ; — 
v. inf. tatayyuz, make high steps 
in walking, have a longing affec- 
tion for ( JN ila). 

y£ tiyyaz, broad-shouldered ; — 
ta'iz, with strong sinews. 

fcjUe* tayazdn, dying, death, inf. 

of (y). 

(cr*») tais, pi. tuyus, atyds, tiya- 
8a~t, matyusd', he-goat; obsti- 
nate, restive, refractory ; block- 
head ; name of a star ; — tayas, 
shape of horns like those of a 
he- goat ; — hence : n. tayyas, 
inf. tatyU, tame, break in ; — 
in. inf. tiyds, mutdyasa-t, ex- 
ercise one's self in a thing; — 
x. inf. istitdm-t, turn into a 
he-goat ; figuratively, a low- 
born person attains to a high 
office; imitate the voice of a 
he- goat. 

t~e? taisd', goat with horns like 
those of a he-goat. 

&— & taitana-t, (m.)= * c- j «~ «y taisH- 
siyya-t. 

jy~# taitur, light step ; fatness. 



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K t ** f ~<5 taisusiyya-t, goat-like, 
goatish manners ; stubborn 
stiffness. 

^3— •£ tisa, fie ! hyena ; — a taisiyya-t 
= &6 ~ r ~ & taisimyya-t; — tisiyya-t, 
lie. 

j*~t? taisir, inf. ii. of (/Hi), 
rendering easy, Ac. ; light step 
(of a horse). 

Ok--** taisiq, good guard ; confine- 
ment; consignation to the bar- 
racks, sequestration. 

(5*0 td\ I, inf. tai 1 , tayaf, taya'dn, 
come or flow out ; be fluid, 
flow ; melt (n.) ; go, depart ; 
hasten up ; long for ; infest 
the roads ; take away ; dip 
bread into butter, milk, &c, 
and suck them up ; — n. inf. 
tatyi 6 , id.; — it. inf. itd'a-t, 
vomit ; vomit repeatedly ; — v. 
inf. tatayyu', be prone to evil; 
— vi. inf. tatdyu f , id. ; persist 
in evil; persist in a thing 
against general opinion; im- 
portune ; rise and stand up- 
right ; move the shoulders in 
walking ; raise and blow about 
dust or dry leaves; — x. inf. 
ietitd'a-t, be able. 

gs* tayyi\ <^W tayya'dn, prone to 
evil ; quick, swift ; — 8 ti l a-t, 
herd of 40 heads and above, of 
which one is to be sacrificed. 

ta*a* tai'fy, alarm-cry. 

jUa? tigdr, water- jug; freely- 
bleeding wound. 

jUaJ taifdq, tifdq, opposite ; — 
tifdq, time=v3^/ taufdq. 

&& ta'iffa-t, time and opportunity. 

(<J#) ta'iq, A, inf. ta' q, be full; 
be full of grief or anger ; — iv. 
inf. if dq, fill ; bend the bow to 
the full length of the arrow. 

<>£? ta'iq, hasty, passionate, rash ; 
bold, sharp; lively; malicious; 
irascible. 

^U<J tayyiqdn, impetuous, im- 
pulsive. 

tag? tayaqquz, waking, lucubration, 



#V taiqur, modest ; prudent. 

(«aA*») tdk, i, inf. tuyuk, be very 
stupid, be an idiot ; — rv. inf. 
itdka-t, pull out the hair. 

**M tika, that one, f . sing, for *sU> 
tillca. 

((**) tdm, i, inf. taim, enslave; 
degrade; inspire with love; — 
ii. inf. tatyim, id. ; — viii. 
slaughter a sheep &**? tima-t. 

(+£ taim, slave ; name of a tribe ; — 
ta'im, twin-brother ; — ft ti y ma-t, 
Uma-t , a sheep kept at home 
for time of need ; a sheep 
belonging to a herd of 40 or 
above ; talisman. 

Uts* taimd', desert ; at-taimd', con- 
stellation of the Twins. 

(£>♦*» taiman, the south ; — ^ 
taimaniyy, Arabia felix, Yaman ; 
— tayammun, inf. v. of ((^**), 
belonging to Yaman, <fcc. ; 
blessing of God ; success ; 
felicitation. 

&t? tin, I , fig ; — I tina-t, the 
buttocks. 

W? tind' (preceded by ^ fur), 
Mount Sinai. 

0^ tindn, wolf. 

(4Lj?) tdh, i, inf. taih, tih, be lost 
in the desert, wander in be- 
wilderment ; be proud, haughty ; 
extend far and rise high ; relax, 
grow dim ; — n. inf. tatyih, lead 
astray, destroy, ruin ; (m.) cause 
one to be absent-minded, divert 
one's attention. 

V taih, tih, pi. atydh, atdwih, 
atdwiha-t, desert in which one 
is wandering ; aUtih, the wilder- 
ness of the Israelites ; — tih, 
pride, haughtiness. 

W taihd\ desert. 

G)W taihdn, wandering in the 
desert ; — tayahdn, inf. of 
(*,£) ; — tayyahdn, tayyihdn, 
haughty. 

e^6e» taiMj, grey variety of part- 
ridge. 
jj«ts» taihur, pi. taydhir, taydhir, 
dangerous desert; vast plain; 



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low ground ; quicksand, river- 
sand; haughty, arrogant; out 
of senses ; — S taihura-t, plain, 
field. 



Sjfcs? iaihuwa-t, whirlpool. 
<sy3 taiuriyy, terminating in 
(*&£ tai'am, twin-brother. 



«A> 



*A> s ; as a numerical sign=500. 

©W sa"dj, (roarer) lion. 

Wtf sa'dda-t, fatness, plumpness; 
clumsiness. 

o^tt so£#, 8, standing firm; con- 
stant, persevering ; certain, 
sure ; stiff, rigid ; of a strong 
intellect ; safe (animal in walk- 
ing) ; — 8 sdbita-t, pi. sawdbit, 
fixed star. 

«wtf sdbba-t=Z*\* Mbba-t, girl, 
damsel. 

«3*tt sdbiq, overflowing; liberal, 
generous. 

(W>) sa'sa', inf. I , allow to drink 
its fill" (a camel), and, by op- 
position, allow to be thirsty ; 
drink, and, by opposition, be 
thirsty ; prevent, detain, repel ; 
get appeased, subside; remove, 
take away ; extinguish (a.) ; — 
ii. inp. f\& tasa'su', fear ; intend 
a journey and then prefer stay- 
ing at home. 

(fctf) sa'aj, u, inp. sa'j, bleat ; 
roar. 

*>tf sa'd, moisture, dew, wet 
ground ; cold ; sa'ad, abomi- 
nations ; inconvenient place ; 

— S sa'ada4, plump (woman); 

— sa'dda-t, plumpness, fatness. 
\<M sa'dd', maid-servant; stupid 

girl ; *a> y*\ ibn sa'dd', weak- 
ling. 
0^) sa'ar, a, inp. sa'r, take 
revenge upon or for (ace. or 
s^ bi) ; take revenge upon 
(ace.) or for (v» bi) ; seek revenge 
upon ; — iv. inp. is'dr, and vin. 
inp. issi'dr, obtain revenge ; — 
x. inf. isti'dr, seek assistance 



for the purpose of taking re- 
venge. 

)tf sa'r, pi. as'dr, dsdr, sa'd'ir, 
su'ur, sa'rdt, revenge for mur- 
der ; murderer of him who is 
to be revenged; sa'rdt, <±J\li 
yd as-sa'rdt, e-U^ yd li's-sa'rdt, 
revenge! let us take revenge! 
— S sdrra-t, talkative woman. 

W sa't, inp. of 0«?) ; — S sa'ta-t, 
pi. sa't, thin black mud; a 
stinging insect. 

UAJ sa'td'=UV sa'dd'. 

&* sd l -in (^etf sd'i), who pelts 
with stones, accuses, reveals a 
crime or profits by it ; — S 
sd'a-t, vomiting. 

(*M sdgim, white, whitish. 

<jP* §<*9i (& sag-in), part. a. of 
(y°) ; — * sdgiya-t, sheep. 

J*V» sdfil, dregs, sediment; excre- 
ments ; anything stinking. 

s-stf sdqib, p. a. of (s-^S) ; planet 
Saturn ; beggar ; a she-camel 
abounding in milk. 

J*^ sdqil, pi. sawdqil, heavy, 
weighty ; over-burdened, op- 
pressed, molested. 

Jstf sdkil, pi. sawdkil, without 
friends or children, bereaved. 

<±Jtf sdlis, I, third; a third 
(unconcerned) person, mediator, 
arbitrator ; — sdlu-an, in the 
third place ; — 8 sdlisa-t, tierce. 

C^yStf sdlisun, thirtieth. 

gft> sdlij, icy cold. 

(JM) su'lil, pass, and n. tasa'Ul, 
inp. tasa'lul, be disfigured by 
warts. 

*±>ytf sdUs, trinity. 



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J^ §dli, third. 

JJtf sa'dlil, warts, pi. of J^y 
su'lul. 

j~$ sdmir, fruit-bearing ; pea ; 
blossom of the sorrel. 

J*tf sdmil, rusty sword ; delightful 
habitation. 

(^•^ sdmin, eighth ; U«U sdmin-an, 
in the eighth place. 

(e>tf), vi. tasd'an, tasdwan, inf. 
tasd'un, surround the game with 
nets ; overcome by stratagem, 
outwit. 

<sft sdn-in, ^jV sdni, S , second, 
double; W*^ sdniy-an, in the 
second place; JU»H ^ sdni 
'Lhdl, in future, henceforth ; 
*-Alsc ^j\* sdni 'atf, proud ; sdni- 
ya-t, pi. sawdni, a second — 
sdni, p. a. of Gy*). 

ufJtti sdhit, gullet ; diaphragm. 

jtf sa'w, weakness ; leanness ; — S 
sa'wa-t, old lean sheep ; small 
rest ; — sdwa-t, sheep-fold. 

(c5^) $&*<*>> a, inf. sa'y, ^S? scHan, 
spoil, deteriorate; bring about 
mischief; break or deteriorate 
the seams of a leathern bag ; — 
iv. inf. is'd 9 , wound and kill 
savagely. 

%fl i&'yt sa* an, destruction ; crime; 
wounding ; murder ; — sa'-an, 
scars ; — also S sdya-t, pi. say, 
sheep-fold ; road -mark. 

£%ft» sd'ija-t, pi. -at, sawd'ij, bleat- 
ing; roaring. 

jtt sd'ir, vengeance, revenge; 
anger ; malice ; revenging ; 
vindictive ; — p. a. of (jf), 
dusty. 

s-* sib, jump ! Ac., imp. of (s-*»j) ; 
— S suba-t, middle of a well or 
pond ; pi. sabdt, subiin, asbiya-t, 
asdbi, herd; troop of men (up 
to eleven). 

(s-*) sabb, inf. sabdb, sit firm ; be 
completed. 

c&>L£ sabdt, firmness ; durability ; 
perseverance ; proof, demon- 
stration ; inf. of («***) ; — sibdt, 
string or girth for fastening; 



inf. hi. of (****»); — subdt, disease 
impeding the movements ; pi. of 
&?> suba-t. 

jW* sibdr, persevering, diligence, 
in. (jf); eJ\ JUt 'ala's-sibdr, 
nearly finished. 

(ijW* sibdn, inf. of ((j*>) ;=&**> 
subna-t. 

(s*~$) sabat, u, inf. sabdt, subut, 
stand firm and permanently; 
persist; not allow of elision 
(grammatical letter) ; — sabut, 
inf. sabdta-t, subuta-t, be firm 
of character and courageous ; 

— ii. inf. tasbit, make firm, 
strong ; be very persevering 
and enduring; exhort to per- 
severance ; keep in confine- 
ment ; register, note down ; 
prove, demonstrate ; (m.) con- 
firm (in the religious sense) ; 

— in. inf. musdbata-t, sibdt, 
know for a certainty ; — iv. inf. 
isbdt, make firm and strong; 
know for certain ; confirm, 
attest; inform accurately, give 
a precise answer; write down; 
register one's name ; prove ; 
wound severely, keep in con- 
finement ; — v. inf. tasabbut, 
take a fixed residence ; be 
strengthened, fortified ; perse- 
vere ; hesitate ; oppose per- 
sistently ; complete, achieve, 
carry through ; (m.) receive 
the confirmation ; — viii. inf. 
istibdt, be strengthened, forti- 
fied ; — x. inf. istisbdt, be kept 
confined ; persevere ; behave 
with patience and mildness; 
hesitate ; do gradually ; ask 
for reliable information or safe 
advice ; find true ; verify ; make 
firm and strong. 

***** sabt, firm ; resolute ; perse- 
vering ; brave, hero ; — sabat, 
endurance, perseverance; proof, 
demonstration ; a trustworthy 
man ; list, register. 

(s-***>) sabsab, inf. 3 , sit firm. 

($**) sabaj f v f inf. sabj, speak or 



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write indistinctly ; — I, inf. 
sabj, sit on one's toes with the 
buttocks on the heels ; — n. 
ink. tasbij, speak or write in- 
distinctly ; — xi. inf. isbijdj, be 
full ; be fat and flabby. 

&* sabaj, pi. asbdj, space between 
the shoulders ; middle and 
larger part; indistinctness of 
speech or writing ; a bird ; — S 
sabaja-t, moderate ; indifferent. 

(j+t*), j***\ isbajarr, inf. isbijrdr, 
desist from fear ; slacken in an 
undertaking and not carry it 
out ; be perplexed, confused ; 
run away and fart (ass) ; turn 
back, retreat ; flow. 

(jj) sabar, u, inf. sabr, keep one 
to a thing ; retain, prevent, 
turn from ; disappoint ; curse ; 
drive away ; ebb ; — inf. §vbur, 
perish ; ruin ; — mbir, a, inf. 
sabar, burst (tumour) ; — n. 
inf. tasbir, keep one to a 
thing ; prevent from (^ 'art) ; 

— in. inf. musdbara-t, sibdr, 
persevere with diligence ; — vi. 
inf. tasdbwr, rush against each 
other ; — xi. inf. isbirdr, find a 
thing difficult and desist. 

pi sabr, ebbing of the sea ; — 8 
sabra-t, level ground ; a kind 
of chalk ; ditch, water-ditch ; 

— subra-t, & heap of corn on the 
threshing-floor. 

(M) sabaf, u, inf. sabf, prevent, 
delay ; — inf. sabf, sabaf, swell ; 

— inf. sabaf, direct another's 
mind to a thing; — sabif, a, 
inf. sabaf, be weak, slack, in- 
dolent, stupid ; — li. inf. tasbif, 
prevent ; weaken and relax ; — 
iv. inf. isbdf, keep in continual 
confinement ; — v. inf. tasabbuf, 
fix one's mind continually on a 
thing ; hesitate. 

(vJh*) §obaq, i, inf. sabq, shed 
tears ; — inf. sabq, tasbdq, flow 
fast and with masses of water ; 
pour out ; — inf. sybuq, be 
full ; — vii. inf. insxbdq, break 



suddenly upon ; pour out a 

flood of words. 
<3*> sabq, sibq, pi. sybuq, what has 

been torn off. 
( J*0 subl, sabal, small remainder 

of a fluid in a vessel. 
(<£*>) saban, i, inf. sabn, sibdn, 

stitch together, sow a seam ; 

put into the bosom of a dress 

and carry along ; — iv. inf. 

isbdn, make a bosom in the 

dress for carrying ; — v. inf. 

tabassun=i.; — 8 svbna-t, pi. 

suban, sack, bag; bosom in a 

dress. 
«a>j*> subut, firmness ; proof ; incon- 
testability. 

(eO 2 a jj> u > INF - mjj 9 mj% flow 

abundantly ; pour out, spill ; — 

vn. inf. insijdj, flow ; be poured 

out. 
C? §(*jjt blood flowing from a 

victim ; — 8 sajja-t, fine garden 

or park with ponds. 
©W* sajjdj, who pours out or spills 

much ; pouring heavy rain ; 

torrent, 
(g&r), ii. tasajsaj, inf. tasaj- 

suj, flow ; be poured out ; 

spilt. 
(/r) sajar, u, inf. sajr, mix 

anything with the fermenting 

juice of a fruit ; — n. inf. je+£ 

tasjir, widen ; be weak, relaxed ; 

— vii. inf. insijdr, break forth 
(water, blood) ; flow over copi- 
ously. 

pr so/Y, sajir, broad and thick ; — 
sujar, pi. stray troops of men, 
<fcc. ; arrow with a broad head ; 

— i/r sujra-t, widest part of a 
valley ; deepening of the ground ; 
group. 

(Jep) sajil, a, inf. sajal, be fat 
and flabby; — 8 sajla-t, corpu- 
lence. 

%r sajld', f. of J«r1 as*al, big- 
bellied ; wide (pocket). 

(f*r) sajam, a, inf. sajm (also n.), 
detach easily ; — sajim, a, inf. 
§ajam, be easily detached; — 



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201 



ii. inf. tasjim, and iv. inf. 
isjdm, rain fast and continu- 
ously ; — iv. last. 

(e>**) §ajn, sajan, rugged road. 

(^r) sajd, u, inf. sajw, be silent ; 
disperse, squander ; — iv. inf. 
isjd', silence. 

tfr sajilj, &ar sajij, water from 
above ; wild mountain- torrent. 

j*r sajir, dregs, thick pressed 
juice. 

(cUa£) sahsdh, night- journey for 
getting water. 

tf* sahaj, a, inf. sahj, drag along. 

«-A»* sahf, guts of animals, tripes. 

a»W sahdna-t, (m.) &<*\** sahd- 
niyya-t, thickness and hardness ; 
coarseness; rudeness. 

y** safyun, inf. sifian, sahdna-t, 
suhiina-t, be thick, hard and 
firm ; — n. inf. tasfyin, make 
so ; talk rudely to ; — iv. inf. 
ishdn, make thick, hard and 
firm; inflict severe wounds on 
an enemy, vanquish him; in- 
flict a severe defeat ; weaken ; 
handle roughly ; — viii. inf. 
issihdn, be weakened by wounds; 
— x. inf. istishdn, overcome. 

&j£* suMna-t, thickness ; hard- 
ness. 

<£«** sahin, thick and hard ; firm 
of character. 

(•W siddtn, strainer ; filtering- 
vessel ; straining-cloth. 

(£j£) sadag, a, inf. sadg, break 
another's head ; — vii. inf. 
insiddg, get broken. 

(«3**0 sadaq, u, inf. sadq, be 
copious, abundant ; flow ; pour 
out ; desmiss, dispatch ; open 
the bowels (of a victim) ; — 
vn. inf. insiddq, be flabby ; 
rush upon (Jl* 'aZa). 

*£j£ sidqim, stammerer. 

((***) §adm, having a heavy tongue, 
stammerer ; corpulent, stout, 
fat; stupid. 

(v**) i°din, A > UfV ' §&dan 9 smell 
badly, stink ; be fleshy and 



clumsy ; — n. inf. tasdin, pass. " 
suddin, id. 

y& sadin, corpulent; heavy; f. 8 
sadina-t, afflicted with a bodily 
infirmity (woman). 

(r*0 sfidd, u, inf. sadiv, moisten, 
wet. 

(c5**0 sadi, a, inf. sad-an, be 
moistened, wetted ; — n. inf. 
tasdiya-t, feed, bring up. 

^5^> sady, sidy, sad-an, pi. <&\ 
asd-in, asdi, sudiyy, sidiyy, 
breast ; — sad-an, thick-breast- 
edness ; — S sudayya-t, little 
breast; box with the neces- 
saries for cleaning the bow and 
the arrows. 

^ sady a, f. having large breasts. 

(f) sarr, A, i, u, inf. sarr, sardr, 
surilr, surura-t, abound in water, 
milk, &c. ; have full udders ; 
shed much blood or rain ; make 
many words ; move the feet 
quickly ; — i, inf. sarr, dis- 
perse, divide ; — n. inf. tasrir, 
wet, moisten ; water, irrigate. 

f sarr, 5 , pi. sirdr, surur, abound- 
ing in water, in milk, &c. ; 
gaping (wound) ; talkative ; 
swift-footed ; — 8 sarra-t, heavy 
shower ; pouring out a torrent 
of words (angry woman). 

\f sard 9 , riches, wealth, abun- 
dance ;=<sf saran, earth. 

s-»V sardb, clay-pit. 

*>V sarrdra-t, overflowing well. 

(v/) sarab, i, inf. sarb, rebuke, 
fall foul upon ( j^ 'ala) ; un- 
dress a sick person ; — n. inf. 
tasrib, rebuke, fall foul upon; 
chide ; fold, wrap up ; — rv. inf. 
isrdb, rebuke ; be very fat. 

s-y sarb, pi. surub, asrub, asdrib, 
fat of the bowels; caul of the 
bowels ; ruin ; — 2 sarba-t, pi. 
sarb, sirdb, tail ; fat of the tail. 

V|/ sarbd*, f . fat. 

<*>W/ sarabdt, pi. fingers. 

0**/) swrfam, pi. sardtim, remain- 
ders of food in a dish. 

26 



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j&f sarsdr, 8 , garrulous ; — 8 
sarsdra-t, garrulous woman ; 
overflowing, gushing. 

(//) sarsar, inf. 8, disperse, 
divide ; be talkative, garrulous ; 
eat much ; mingle together ; — 8 
sarsara-t, garrulity. 

hff sursHra-t, overflowing. 

(*>y) sarad, v, inf. sard, break 
bread to dip it into the broth, 
&c. ; dip the cloth into the 
dye ; castrate by squashing the 
testicles ; kill the victim with- 
out cutting its throat ; — n. 
inp. tasrid, id. ; pass, be carried 
from the battle-field with broken 
limbs ; — xv. inp. isrindd', be 
fleshy on the chest (also is- 
rintd'). 

*f sard, light rain ; — sarad, rent, 
cleft ; — surud, pi. of J*/ sarid ; — 
8 surda-t, pieces of bread steeped 
in broth, &c. ; mess. 

(V) sarat, h u, inf. sarf, scold, 
rebuke. 

V § ar t, fluid manure ; paste, glue ; 
stupidity. 

(JiLy) sarfala-t, flaccidity ; relaxed- 
ness; slackness. 

(f*V) sartam, inf. 8 , be silent 
while in company; be exceed- 
ingly fat. 

&Ly sirffa-t, short and thick-set. 

(£/) sari', a, inf. sard 1 , importune, 
intrude. 

(W*/) sur'uf, thin and fluid. 

(ft*J) sur ( ula-t, feathers on the 
throat of a cock. 

(l*\tf) sirgdma-t, woman ; wife. 

((•/) sarim, a, inf. saram, have 
broken or decayed teeth, suffer 
from the falling out of teeth ; 
— saram, i, inf. sarm, break 
another's teeth; — rv. inf. is- 
rdm, cause the teeth to fall 
out (illness) ; — vn. inf. in- 
sirdm, have broken or decayed 
teeth, be gap-toothed ; be broken 
out (tooth). 

py sarm, suppression of the first 



and fifth letters of a foot in 
poetry. 

Uy sarmd*, f. of rf\ asram, tooth- 
less, gap-toothed. 

(±*f) sarmad, inf. 8, under-do 
the meat, or soil it with ashes. 

!*•/ sirmif, big sheep ; — suramin 
and 8 surmufa-t, thin mud or 
clay. 

(!*•/) sarmaf, inf. 8 , be muddy or 
composed of thin clay (ground) ; 
chew audibly ; — iv. isrimdt, 
be inflated (leathern pipe) ; be 
overcome and swell with anger. 

(JV) sarmal, inf. 8, ease the 
bowels; eat meat; under-do 
the meat, &c, or not clean it 
from the ashes ; eat in an 
untidy manner ; bungle, huddle 
up ; — 8 surmula-t, she-fox, fox ; 
dimple between the upper-lip 
and nose ; remains of food or a 
fluid in a vessel. 

(0/) sarin, a, inf. saran, vex or 
injure friends and neighbours. 

(s*V)> IV * i$rambaj, inf. isrimbdj, 
be roasted and dried up on the 
surface (skin of a sheep). 

G/) i ar< *> v > INP - $ard\ be nu- 
merous, multiply ; (n.) possess 
a greater number of cattle; — 
inf. sarw, make numerous, 
multiply (a.) ; be lit by . the 
Pleiades and the moon as well 
(night); — sari, a, inf. saran, 
be rich in cattle, be wealthy; 
have a sufficiency; rejoice; — 
rv. inf. isrd, be rich in cattle, 
be wealthy ; — 8 sarwa-t, plenty; 
wealth, riches. 

W sarwd', f. of ^f\ asra, rich. 

tftf sarwdn, f . sarwa, very rich ; 
— sarawdn, du. of <^f saran, 

8o«* sarilda-t, bread to be steeped 
in broth, &c. 

%$ surur, abounding in milk ; — 
inf. of (J) ; — pi. of/ sarr. 

i£)f sarwa, f . of <^jj/ sarwdn. 

(c5/) sari, A » INP - saran, be moist 
and softened ; — 11. inp. tas- 
riya»t 9 moisten; sprinkle; put 



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<JJ 



the hands into moist ground; 
— rv. inf. isrd\ be very moist ; 
contain mnch water ; thoroughly 
* wet the ground. 
Cfr* §dran f du. sarawdn, saraydn, 
pl. asrd, moisture (du. of the 
air and the ground) ; earth, 
ground, humus ; anything good 
or pleasant ; — §ariyy 9 8 , moist ; 
rich, abundant ; — sariyya-t, 
ground, humus. 
V §&ryd, moist ground; f. of 
<3f\ asra 9 rich ; — surayyd, the 
Pleiades ; chandelier, lustre. 
^V #irydta-t, watery mud. 
©V i&rydn, moist ; — saraydn, du. 

of ^$/ saran. 
«**/ sarid, 5 sarida-t, pi. sard'id, su- 
rud, pieces of bread to" be steeped 
in broth, Ac. ; bread-soup. 
(<j*-$) saJj, inf. saM, compress a 
leathern bag or pipe to expel 
the air. 
W §*tt, h u, inf. satt 9 sataf, 
satdfa-t, sutilta-t, have little 
hair on the chin, cheeks and 
brows ; — u, ease the bowels, 
tf soft, 8 , pi. sitdf 9 sifata-t, suftdn, 
astdf (attdf), having little hair 
on the chin, the cheeks, or the 
brows. 
(U*) sofa', a, inf. saf, tread 
down; — sati\ A, inf. satd\ be 
very stupid ; — 8 safdt, stu- 
pidity. 
!»UJ safdt, pl- of W satt\— -*, 

§atdta-t, inf. of (k>). 
gU£ £t#a', cold, catarrh ; — ^ sttf a- 

'tyy, having a cold. 
£jVL» truftdn, pl. of J* soft. 
LU si/of, inf. of (}Jf) ;— S sifafa-t, 

pf. of ^ satf . 
(fip) §a(a l 9 a, inf. safa'a-t, ease 
the bowels; be polluted by 
blood or excrements, so as to 
render the prayer ineffectual; 
appear, become visible; pass. 
have a cold ; — n. inf. fasti*, 
break into pieces. 
((**&), 5 safama-t, eminent gift 
of speech, highest eloquence; 



— ii. inf. fasat ( um 9 surpass in 
eloquence. 

(«-*!■*) sataf 9 abundance and ease 

in consequence of a plentiful 

year. 
(y*) sa>td 9 u, inf. safw 9 place the 

foot on the ground, make a 

step ; ease the bowels ; — vm. 

inf. istitd 9 , be relaxed. 
&jtf syfufa-t, inf. of (W). 
( J^) $ a th ±> inf. saty 9 be very 

stupid. 
J* saf t 8 * saf -in) 9 v ^ry stupid ; — 

§&ty> great stupidity; — sufa, pl. 

spiders. 
(£0 £&"> h INF - § a "> vomit ; — vn. 

inf. insi l d l 9 break forth, 
s-***^ sa'dbib, pl. streams of pure 

water. 
^W sa'dbin, pl. of ^W** sa'bdn. 
JU* st*'<!J, she-fox ; a small 

worm ; — 8 su'dla-t 9 she-fox ; 

fox, like Beynard ; hay ; night- 
shade (plant); — <^ su'dli, pl. 

of s-*l** sa'lab, 
&*U> su'dma-t, adulteress. 
(s~») sa'afc, a, inf. sa'6, make 

flow ; shed ; — vn. inf. insi i ab 9 

be shed; flow; — vm. inf. i§- 

si'db 9 flow. 
s-**> sa% sa ( ab 9 flowing, fluid ; pl. 

(jLf** su*bdn 9 watercourse of a 

valley ; — 8 su c ba4 9 §u l aba-t 9 pl. 

su'ab, a venomous lizard ; mouse ; 

rat ; name of a tree. 
gW*f subdn, pl. &*\** 8a'dbin 9 large 

serpent; boa; dragon; basilisk; 

— pl. of s-**> sa% sa'ab. 

(gfcrf) sa'sa 1 , pearl; mother of 
pearl ; — 8 sa'sa'a-t, stammering ; 
vomiting. 

(©*>) §&'<*] > troop of travellers. 

G**>) §a> l jar 9 inf. 8 , pour out ; 

— rv. inf. isHnjdr, be poured 
out. 

(c%»), iv. inf. is'injdh, flow copi- 
ously and continuously. 

J*> sa'd, soft dates of a bad quality ; 
soft, fresh. 

(yrf), iv. inf. is l dr 9 spy, spy out 

(j/tf) sa'rar, inf. 8 , be split. 



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204 



* 



))/* su'rdr, short thick-set man ; 
wart ; a small cucumber. 

(U>) saHf, a, inf. sa'af, get cor- 
rupted and smell badly (water, 
&c.) ; have a bad smell ; decay, 
putrify; swell and be split 
(lips) ; — ii. inf. tas'it, pound, 
crush. 

!<** sa't, corrupted meat ; — £ sa'ta-t, 
bad egg. 

(J**) sa l il, a, inf. sa'al, grow one 
over another (teeth) ; — rv. inf. 
is'dl, be numerous, throng ; ob- 
struct, oppose; be high (wages); 
be a matter of importance and 
perplexing. 

J*> su% sa'al, overgrown tooth ; 

— su% contemptible ; a worm. 
W sa'ld', f. of J*ft as'al, having 

overgrown teeth. 
s-1** sa'lab, pi. sa'dlib, sa'dli, fox 
(Ui\ «a> sa'labu-'l-md-i, otter) ; 
head- piece of a spear ; ali- 
mentary canal ; outlet (of 
water) ; root of the palm-tree ; 

— £ sa'laba-t, she-fox ; the 
buttocks, rump. 

Jji*? sa'lul, overgrown tooth ; 

angry. 
((♦*>) sa'am, a, lift up, take away ; 

— v. ta§a"um, please, be agree- 
able. 

f& sa l w, soft unripe dates. 

^>f* su'ub, gall, bitterness. 

Jj*> sa'ul, equipped (army). 

)^o sa'if, moving sand, quick- 
sand. 

&e» sa'ya-t, famine. 

&JL**> su'ailiba-t, baldness (m.). 

f$ sug, name of an idiot. 

U> sugd\ division of the lips ; 
cries of a woman in child-birth. 

(s-**») sagab, a, inf. sagb, pierce ; 
slaughter; — sa'ib, a, inf. sa- 
gab, melt (n.) ; — v. inf. tasaggub, 
bleed (n.). 

*> sagb, pi. sigdb, asgdb, cold 
running water in a valley 
shaded water ; mountain-lake 

— sagab j pi. sigbdn, sugbdn, id. 
thaw. 



£U*» sag sag, stammerer. 

(£***) sug^i INF - * > utter a con- 
fused speech, stammer; bite 
(toothless child) ; examine, in- 
vestigate. 

£**> sag sag, stammering (adj.). 

(j*0 §&gar> ±i inf. sagr, break, 
blunt ; (m.) make a breach ; 
by opposition, stop a rent or 
hole; occupy a mountain-pass 
against ( JLc ( ala) the enemy ; 
break another's front teeth ; — 
pass, lose the teeth ; be hit on 
the mouth ; — iv. inf. isgdr, 
lose, or, by opposition, get the 
front teeth (child) ; pass, be 
hit on the mouth; — vni. inf. 
issigdr, ittigdr, iddigdr, get the 
front teeth. 

j** § a gr$ pl« 2V>gur, separated, dis- 
persed ; mouth ; lips ; row of 
teeth ; front tooth ; mountain- 
cleft, pass ; stronghold ; boun- 
dary; name of a tree; best 
grass ; — £ sugra-t, pi. sugary 
cavity of the throat ; cleft ; 
mountain-pass ; plain road ; 
breach in a wall. 

*t*j*> sigrib, yellow teeth. 

to/* sugriir, boundaries (against 
an enemy). 

(J* sagim, sporting dog. 

( j*») saga, u, inf. sugd\ bleat ; — 
iv. inf. isgd\ cause to bleat ; 
give a sheep to another, or 
slaughter it in his honour. 

(Vtf) safa', a, inf. saf, diminish 
the boiling of a kettle. 

to> suffd', mustard-seed ; mustard ; 
cress. 

£*Aa* &j.U» safdja-t mqfdja-t, very 
stupid. 

<3*)^ safdriq, pi. of jjjtf sufrilq. 

AjjiU* safdfid, piles of white clouds ; 
underclothing ; secrets. 

JU> safdl, slow; — siful, S sifdla-t, 
bofting cloth ; water-pot ; — 
sifdl, sufdl, the lower mill- 
stone. 

(e*0 8&faj> u, inf. safj, be stupid, 
foolish. 



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205 



(•*tf), ii. saffad, inf. tasftd, line 
(clothes). 

(/>) safr, sufr, womb of an ani- 
mal ; — safr, safar, pi. asfdr, 
crupper, hindmost strap of the 
saddle ; — hence : n. sajfar, inf. 
tasfir, drive from behind ; — iv. 
inf. is far, id. ; put the hind- 
most strap to a saddle or 
tighten it; show to be near 
giving birth (goat) ; — x. inf. 
istisfdr, be breeched; put the 
tail between the legs (dog) ; 

— S sufra-t, hair of the arm- 
pits. 

(jjytf), ii. inf. tasafruq, not curdle 
(milk). 

%3}/° §ufru<l> pi- safdriq, pedicle of 
a date or grapes. 

(J**) Sofal 9 v, inf. safl, settle, 
sink, have a sediment; put a 
bolting-cloth under the mill- 
stone ; disperse ; — n. inf. 
tasfih eat anything in milk ; 
have much sediment ; — in. 
inf. musdfala-t, eat solid food 
(corn, Ac.) without milk ; be 
continually at a person's apron- 
strings ; — iv. inf. isfdl, have 
a sediment ; — v. inf. tasafful, 
hold back from what is good 
(wicked disposition). 

J** sufl, dregs, sediment; solid 
food (without milk; sajil, who 
eats such); — sufl, sift, bolting- 
cloth, bolter ; — safal, slow. 

({$**) safan, i, inf. safn, push, 
push back; follow, overtake; 

— safin, a, inf. safan, get 
callous ; — in. inf. musdfana-t, 
be always at a person's apron 
strings ; help, assist ; — iv. inf. 
isfdn, make callous ; — 8 safina-t, 
pi. -at, safun, callous parts of 
the chest, knees, hind legs (of 
a camel) ; lower edge or seam ; 
plenty, heap, crowd. 

( J») safa, u, inf. safw, J& safa, 
i, inf. safy, follow ; chase, drive 
away (also n. and iv.) ; — n. 



inf. tasfiya-t, and iv. inf. isfd\ 
prop the kettle, &c, with three 
stones, put it on a tripod ; — iv. 
marry three wives ; — v. inf. 
tasaffi, hold back from what is 
good (wicked disposition) ; — 8 
sufwa-t, small bowl or basin, 
pan. 

<Jo safa, see (y£). 

,3$ siq, imp. of (3»j wasiq, trust, 
rely, &c. ; — 3 siqa-t, confidence, 
trust ; tie ; — &* && siqa-t niqa-t, 
trustworthy ; pi. as-sigdt, the 
familiar companions of Muham- 
mad ; inf. of ((3*j). 

s^£ siqdb, pi. suqub, chips, dry 
twigs, stubble, dung (for mak- 
ing fire) ; plane ; — 8 saqdba-t, 
siqdba-t=&\i$ saqdfa-t. 

«-*Va> saqdf, very prudent ; — siqdf, 
contest, emulation, in. (<-Atf) ; 
— pi. suquf, instrument for 
straightening lances and polish- 
ing ; plane ; — £ saqdfa-t, sagacity, 
intelligence, wit, refinement. 

JV# saqdl, heavy ; grave, serious, 
sedate ; slow ; — suqdl, clumsy ; 
shunned, avoided, & pL ; — siqdl, 
pi. of J*# saqil ; — 8 saqdla-t, 
heaviness, clumsiness, pon- 
derousness ; morosity ; molesta- 
tion, trouble, grief ; sultriness ; 
inf. of (J#). 

(s-tf) saqab, u, inf. saqb, pierce, 
bore, make holes ; penetrate ; 
seize with the mind ; — inf. 
suqub, burn ; shine ; rise, 
spread; abound in milk; pene- 
trate ; — saqub, inf. saqdba-t, 
be intensely red ; — n. inf. 
tasqib, pierce repeatedly, riddle ; 
light a fire; show itself (grey 
hair) ; — rv. inf. isqdb, light a 
fire; render shining, resplen- 
dent; — v. inf. tasaqqub, get 
pierced, torn, corroded, lit; 
pierce, light ; — vn. inf. insiqdb, 
get pierced, torn. 

saqb, suqb, S , pi. asqub, 
suqub, asqdb, perforation, hole ; 



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206 



— suqvb, pi. of s^ siqdb ; — S 
suqba-t, pi. suqub, suqb, canal. 

(S**) saqsaq, inf. 8 , talk stupidly 
or foolishly. 

(y£), v. tasaqqar, inf. tasaqqur, 
be shaken, shake (n.), tremble. 

(UU0) sa^i/, A, inf. *a^/, saqaf; 
saquf, inf. saqdfa-t, have a sharp 
penetrating intellect; be clever 
and successful; surpass in in- 
tellect ; — saqif, A, inf. saqaf, 
meet, reach, seize, take hold 
of ; understand ; obtain, find ; 

— ii. inf. tasqif, straighten a 
lance, make straight again; 
educate, refine; correct; — in. 
inf. musaqafa-t, vie and sur- 
pass in penetration; inf. siqdf, 
dispute in a haughty manner; 

— iv. inf. isqdf, pass, get 
into one's own power; — vi. 
inf. tasdquf, quarrel with each 
other. 

*-*** iuyft ?yLf> suqtft £#?**/> 8harp, 
penetrating, active. 

(ji>) saqal, u, inf. saql, estimate 
the weight, weigh, make two 
things equal in weight; put a 
weight on ; — saqul, inf. saqd- 
la-t, siqal, be heavv, weighty; 
molest ( J* { ala) ; De troubled 
in body and mind ; be hard of 
hearing ; feel pregnant ; be 
full of sap ; — ii. inf. tasqil, 
deem or declare a thing to be 
difficult; make heavy, lay a 
weight on ; surfeit the sto- 
mach ; burden, molest, annoy ; 
weigh to ; — iv. inf. isqdl, 
make one carry a heavy bur- 
den ; press upon, oppress ; 
grieve ; feel pregnant ; — vi. 
inf. ta§dqul, be heavy, pon- 
derous ; be a burden; bend 
from heaviness to the earth ; 
gravitate ; find a thing too 
difficult and desist ; refuse 
help ; — x. inf. istisqdl, find 
or be heavy, ponderous, trouble- 
some. 

J* satf, luggage, baggage; — 



siql, pi. asqdl, weight, burden; 
heaviness ; weightiness ; trouble- 
someness ; — saqal, pi. asqdl, 
luggage* baggage; retinue, ser- 
vants, family ; overload ; of 
great value ; du. as-saqaldn, 
men and demons ; — siqal, 
heaviness, ponderousness, inf. 
of (Jtf) ; — suql (also ^ su- 
qaW), pi. of jj* saqil',— * 
saqla-t, saqala-t, heaviness, 
trouble ; indigestion, surfeit ; 
— saqla-t, tiredness; heaviness 
in the limbs ; molestation ; 
JaSW &a*H as-saqla-t az-zdtiytja-t, 
the specific weight ; — saqila-t, 
siqala-t, saqala-t, luggage, bag- 
gage. ^ 

vj*> saqvb, pi. suqub, fuel ; — suqvb, 
pi. of s-*» saqb ; inf. of (v-»). 

V* suqwa-t, pi. -at, earthen 
dish. 

s-**tf saqtb, abounding in milk ; 
intensely red. 

*-**** so^t/, very sour («-**«? #\ 
abu saqif, vinegar); sagacious, 
penetrating, intelligent ; — siqqif, 
id. 

J*# saqil, 8 , pi. suql, siqal, 
suqaW, heavy ; burdensome ; 
indigestible ; morose ; tire- 
some ; troublesome, disagree- 
able ; ponderous, clumsy ; lazy ; 
troubled in body or mind ; 
harsh; severe; weighty. 

(**tf) sakk, v, inf. sakk, travel, 
roam about. 

(itUtf) saksak, inf. S , be stupid 
. and malicious ; — I saksaka-t, 
stupid woman. 

( J*0 sakil, a, inf. sakal, be bereft ; 
mourn for ; — iv. inf. iskdl, be- 
reave ; be bereft. 

Jtf sold, §akal, death ; destruc- 
tion, ruin ; bereavement ; — saktt, 
ojb& sakldn, f . 8, sakla, pi. sakdla, 
bereft. 

0**>) sakam, v, inf. sakm, follow 
the tracks; persevere in a 
matter ; dwell, abide, stay ; — 
sakim, a, inf. sakam, id. 



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(>& sakam, middle of the road; 

guidance. 
((£#) sukn, levelness of the road ; 

— S mkncL-t, pi. sukan, adorn- 
ment for the neck ; ditch for a 
fire, ditch, grave ; religious zeal ; 
standard, flag ; military gather- 
ing-place ; bevy of birds. 

Jjtf sakiil, bereft ; pathless. 

(JO $aZZ, inf. mil, salal, annihi- 
late, destroy from the founda- 
tions; kill; overthrow; throw 
earth into a well ; make coins ; 
drop excrements ; — u, inf. sail, 
remove earth out of a well ; — 
iv. inf. isldl, have plenty of 
sheep and wool ; cause to re- 
store, to rebuild; restore; beat 
out another's teeth; — v. inf. 
iasaUul, be annihilated, de- 
stroyed ; — vii. inf. insildl, run 
together from all sides and 
fall upon; break down upon; 

— fi salla-t, pi. silal, sildl, large 
flock; gap, breach; wool mixed 
with camel-hair; also pi. tulal, 
mud from a well ; great quantity 
of money; watering-places; — 
siUa-t, death, destruction ; — 
sulla-t, pi. sulal, troop of people; 
great quantity of money. 

s^ saUdb, calumniator, slanderer; 

devil. 
**>*> salds, f ., fi saldsa-t, m., three ; 

— sulds, by threes, triple. 

W$ saldsd', stddsd', pi. saldsdwdt, 
Tuesday ; salds-an, thrice, three 
times. 

Ojfltf saldsun, (m.) &<?M saldsin, 
thirty; thirtieth. 

ijft$ saldsiyy, referring to three ; 

— suldsiyy, 5, having three 
radical letters; — 8 suldsiyya-t, 
person of highest rank, vizier, 
&c. 

G& scUldj, seller of ice ; — S said- 
ja-t, avalanche of snow ; — ^$ 
suldjiyy, white as snow; shining, 
bright. 

J3i> salal, destruction; — sildl, pi. 
of~*tf taUa-t. 



(s-*tf) salab, i, inf. salb, rebuke, 
scold, inveigh against; slander, 
calumniate ; repel, drive away ; 
turn back, turn round ; blunt ; 
spoil; destroy; — salib, a, inf. 
salab, contract (n.), get soiled ; 
get blunted or spoiled ; — n. 
inf. tasltb, grow old, toothless, 
and bald. 

s-J^ silb, salb, insult ; calumny ; 
— silb, 5, pi. asldb, silaba-t, old, 
toothless, and bald; pi. sildb, 
fault, vice ; — silb, salib, vicious ; 
dirty ; broken ; — salab, dirt ; 
colic ; — sulub, pi. of s^tf salub. 

(t±~l>) salas, jj, inf. sals, divide 
into three parts ; take the third 
part of one's property ; — i, 
inf. sals, come as the third 
one to two, or as the thirtieth 
to twenty-nine; — n. inf. taslis, 
triple; declare to be three, do 
thrice ; make triangular ; divide 
by three ; touch the third string 
of the lute; reach the goal as 
the third ; become three. 

«^tf sils, watering (of a field, &c.) 
on the third day ; the third 
foal ; — suls, sulus, pi. aslds, 
third part ; — salas, f . three ; — 
salas-an, thrice. 

J*tf sulsul, destruction ; — ($& 
sulsvldn, silsildn, nightshade 
(plant) ; hay. 

^Witf sulsmdya-t, three hundred 
(m.).~ 

<J& sulusiyy, a large ornamental 
hand-writing. 

(gtf) salaj, u, inf. salj, snow ; 
macerate ; — inf. sulvj, also 
§alij, a, inf. salaj, recover, 
refresh one's self, be at rest 
again (after fatigue, <fcc.) ; — 
salij, a, inf. salaj, be cheerful, 
rejoice; snow; — n. inf. taslij, 
be icy cold, frozen ; — iv. inf. 
isldj, snow, cover with snow; 
be snowy (day) ; get into snow ; 
get quieted ; rejoice (a.) ; sub- 
side ; come in digging upon 
clay. 



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J*t 



G^ salj, pl- suMj, snow ; — salj and 

safo)', icy cold, cold. 
(6*0 saft#, a, inf. salah, be soiled, 

dirtied ; — u. inf. taslih, soil, 

dirty. 
(W») saZa/, i, inf. salt, throw dirt 

at, soil. 
U> saZf, thin excrements. 
(£*>) sala', a, inf. saZ', (£#) salag, 

a, inf. saZgr, break a person's 

head ; sala', (m.) harrow ; — 

salag, vn. inf. insildg, get 

broken; have soft and ripe 

dates. 
Jtf salal, destruction ; — silal, pl. 

of &* salla4 ; — swZaZ, pl. of 

(^) salam, i, inf. saZra, blunt the 
edge of a vessel, sword, &c. ; 
make a breach in a wall; dis- 
parage ; — salim, a, inf. salam, 
be blunted ; broken in ; also 
used actively ; — n. inf. taslim, 
blunt much ; — v. inf. tasallum 
and vn. inf. insildm, passive of 
the previous. 

f$ salm, notch, gap ; suppression 
of the first letter of a wata-t 
mafruq, at the beginning of a 
foot otherwise perfect; — salam, 
breaking of a river- bank; — fi 
sulma-t, pl. sulam, notch, gap ; 
breach ; split, cleft. 

(W>) salma-t, inf. 5, be flabby, 
relaxed. 

Utf salmaf, Ly& salmilt=M salt, 

s^jtf sahib, pl. sulub, cavilling, 
finding fault, criticising (adj.). 

,J* sulla, fallen greatness. 

%i^)j salis, third part. 

^^etf sulaijiyy, a kind of finch 
(m.>: 

J*tf salil, gurgling or purling of 
water. 

(*>) samm, tj, inf. samm, tread 
down ; restore, amend ; corro- 
borate ; put into order ; gather ; 
contain ; wipe with grass ; pull 
out with the mouth ; eat or 
gather pell-mell the good and 
bad; sweep a room; — n. inf. 



tasmtm, tread down ; break a 
dressed bone ; — viii. inf. in- 
sjmdm, fall from all sides upon ; 
melt and blend ; waste away ; 
grow old and weak. 

(J samm-d, yonder ;=sitmm-a, 
then, after that, thereupon ; — 
summ, household vessels ; U 
pj 3j f d5 md la-hu summ wa-ld 
rumm, be has nothing whatever; 
— 8 samma-t, there, yonder ; — 
simma-t, old man ; — summa-t, 
handful of grass. 

(U>) sama\ a, inf. sam', offer fat 
food ; throw truffles into the 
fat; break bread and steep it 
with broth ; dye the beard with 
henna; break a person's head; 
ease the bowels ; — vn. inf. 
insimd', be broken. 

jW samdr, f riiit ; possessions ; — 
simdr, pl. of p* samar. 

JU> simdl, helper, avenger ; — 
sumdl, deadly poison; hole; — 
8 sumMa-t, pl. sumdl, foam, 
froth ; rest, remainder. 

^yU> samdntin (m. (^WJ samanin), 
eighty. 

<j*Uj samdni, f., 3 samdniya-t, m. 
eight. 

«*** swmmat, in poetry =^ summ, 
then, thereupon. 

(/♦**$) samsam, inf. S , cover or 
stop up a vessel ; desist ; leave 
time for rest; do a thing not 
well; tie up the leathern bag 
for buttering ; not bend in 
striking (sword) ; — n. inf. 
tasamsum, desist. 

pUS samsam, sporting-dog. 

(g«j) samj, confusion ; medley. 

(«x*j) samad, u, find water in a 
ditch and preserve it there for 
the time of need ; take every- 
thing from, exhaust ; give, and, 
by opposition, demand ; — iv. 
inf. ismdd, preserve water for 
the time of need ; — viii. inf. 
istimddy isrimdd, drink of such 
water ; — x. inf. istismdd, pre. 



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serve water ; ask for a little ; — 
xi. inf. ismiddd, grow fat. 

•u? samd, samad, water in a ditch 
preserved for the time of need ; 
remainder of water ; spring 
which disappears in summer. 

(/•*) samar, u, inf. sum&r, bear 
fruit ; get rich ; gather brush- 
wood; — ii. inp. tasmir, cause 
to bear fruit ; increase, heap up 
riches ; form buds ; — iv. inf. 
ismdr, bear fruit ; be fertile ; 
be or get rich ; purpose ; — x. 
istismdr, endeavour to make a 
thing bear fruit or bring ad- 
vantage ; consider fertile or 
advantageous ; have the usufruct 
or profit ; gather. 

j*» samar, 8 , pi. simcfor, sumur, 
asmdr, fruit ; produce, gain, 
advantage, profit; possessions, 
riches; gold, silver; knot at 
the top of a whip ; — samir, 
plentiful, much, many ; — sumr, 
sumur, plenty of riches; — 8 
samara4, samura4, pi. -dt, fruit- 
tree ; descendant ; consequence, 
result; tip of the tongue; — 
samira4, sweetness ; friendship. 

(W) samf, thin excrements, mud. 

(4a+>) sam'ad, handsome ; ****** 
musmaHdd, handsome of face. 

(6+0 samag, u, inp. samg, mingle 
white with black ; dye deep red ; 
dip the head repeatedly into 
henna; grease the head with 
oil ; — ii. inp. tasmig, rub a 
person's head with grease, Ac. ; 
— vii. insimdg, get squashed 
(falling fruit) ; get moist ; — 8 
samga-t, mountain-summit. 

(J"**) samal, i, u, inp. saml, 
sumthl, stay, remain staying ; 
help, assist, stand by a person ; 
give food and drink ; eat ; — 
samil, a, inf. samal, get or be 
drunk ; stay, remain staying ; 
ii. inf. tasmil, leave (water, 
Ac.) ; raise foam ; trouble the 
water ; — iv. inf. i&ndl, leave 
water ; have much foam or 



froth ; have pure milk ; — v. 
inf. tasammul, drink out en- 
tirely ; protect, help ; eat. 

J*$ saml, delay, stay ; — samal, 
id. ; drunkenness ; means of 
subsistence ; shadow ; — samil, 
drunk, intoxicated ; in love ; — 
suml, 8 , a certain amount 
of intellect and firmness; — 8 
sumla-t (samla4), pi. sumal, 
grains and legumes ; oatmeal 
porridge ; also samala-t, pi. 
samal, remainder of water ; mud 
of a well. 

(UU?) samlat, inf. 8=(k>tf). 

((£♦») saman, u, inf. samn, take 
the eighth part of a man's 
property ; levy every eighth 
man ; — i, be the eighth, come 
as the eighth to others ; — ir. 
inf. tasmin, make or be eight- 
fold, octangular ; (m.) value, 
estimate, esteem ; — iv. inf. 
ismdn, consist of eight; water 
the camels on the eighth day ; 
pay the price of goods; (m.) 
be precious, costly, valuable. 

((£+*) saman, pi. asmdn, asmun, 
asmina-t, price, value; — simn, 
eight days' thirst of a camel ; 
— sumn, sumun, pi. asmdn, 
eighth part. 

»>jw samtld, sumUd, tribe §amud 
(Thamud)." 

Jj** samul, delay, stay. 

j*£ samir, 8 samira-t, butter- 
milk ; — *a> y)\ ibn samir, 
moon-lit night ; — 8 samira-t, 
fertile ground. 

***** §amiga-t, fluid food with the 
fat of meat; moist ground ; 
wound on the head. 

J*»f samil, sour milk with bread ; 
watering-place; also 8 samila-t, 
pi. samd'il, remainder of water; 
rest, remainder ; house with 
furniture and beds ; water- 
reservoir of stone ;=&♦> sumla-t. 

&64$ samin, pi. asmdn, valuable, 
precious, costly ; eighth part. 

((£*) §inn, dry hay ; blackish and 

27 



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friable parts of wood ; — S 
sunna-t, pi. sunan, hair on a 
horse's hoof ; abdomen ; pu- 
denda. 
U* sana 9 , abbreviation for Ufjto. 
hadasa-nd, he told us, related 
to us ; — sand 9 , pi. asniya-t, 
salutation, felicitation; render- 
ing the salutation ; praise, and, 
by opposition, blame ; — sind\ 
song, melody ; rope, string ; 
courtyard ; pi. of ^ saniyy ; 

— sund 9 , sund 9 ' sund 9 , two and 
two, in twos. 

<$U> Hndn, densely- grown plants. 
l*^> sandy d, pi. of & saniyy a-t. 
h^* sindya-t=\£ sind 9 . 
iJM suna'iyy, having two radical 

letters. 
(c^*) sanity a, inf. sanat, smell 

badly, stink; be relaxed and 

bleed. 
o*j* sanit, ft , faded ; relaxed and 

bleeding. 
q\a£ sintdn, f . two. 
(£ibw>) sintdya-t, ribald. 
( J^J) santal, inf. 8 , get soiled. 
Jv* santal, ft santala-t, bad egg; 

— sintil, short ; soiled ; im- 
potent. 

sundu'a-t, sunduwa-t, pi. 
sanddi 9 , nipple ; teat. 

(U5) sant, cleft, rent. 

w5y^ samoa, exception; head and 
feet of sacrificed animals ; — 
sanawiyy, professing two prin- 
ciples of creation ; fire-wor- 
shipper ; — 8 sanawiyya-t, sect 
of such. 

^ sana, i, A, inf. sany, fold ; 
double ; be the second ; repeat, 
do a second time ; prevent, 
avert ; — n. tnf. tasniya-t, 
double ; bend, turn ; put a 
word into the dual; point a 
letter with two dots ; eat a 
second time of a dish ; touch 
the second string of the lute 
praise or blame ; render thanks 
—iv. inf. i§nd 9 , praise or blame 
lose the front teeth; — v. injv 



Sjjo? 



tasanni, become six years old 
(camel) ; — vn. inf. insind 9 , 
turn aside, desist ; come off ; 
— viii. inf. issind 9 , become six 
years old ; — v., vn., viii., be 
bent, folded ; doubled up ; walk 
with a bent body, or swinging 
to and fro ; undulate ; — x. inf. 
istisnd 9 , make an exception or 
proviso ; swear with a reser- 
vation ; — xn. isnauna, inf. 
isnind 9 , be bent, folded, doubled 
up. 

cs^ §<t>ny> folding (s.) ; — siny, pi. 
asnd, bend, fold, doubling ; 
. double ; second child or foal ; 
giving birth for the second time 
(also tinan) ; an hour of the 
night ; asnd, qualities ; — siny, 
sun-an, sin-an, pi. sinya-t, the 
second person in the kingdom ; 
governor ; — sinan, pi. ft sinya-t, 
anything doubled, repeated ; 
repetition ; pi. asnd, asdnin, 
Monday ; — saniyy, 8 , pi. sunydn, 
asnd, sind 9 , losing the first teeth 
(adj.), becoming respectively 
six, four, three, or two years of 
age (camel, horse, cattle, sheep) ; 
— £ sinya-t, utterly contemptible; 
pi. of q\*6 sunydn ; — saniya-t, 
second (moment of time) ; — 
saniyy a-t, pi. i*>\ -at, sandy d, 
front tooth ; mountain-slope ; 
rugged mountain-path ; narrow 
pass ; mountain-chain ; exploit ; 
martyr; leader of men;=^$y» 
sanwa ; praise, eulogy, pane- 
gyric. ^ 

W sunyd=ief$ sanwa, 

($W sunydn, pi. sinya-t, second in 
the kingdom, in rank ; governor ; 
head of the family ; unreason- 
able ; pi. of ^ saniyy. 

(«^«») sahit, A, inf. sahat, saht, 
suhai, call, call out to. 

(A*6*) sahsah, inf. 8 , melt (n.). 

(J«0 §ahil,iL, inf. sahal, be spread 
on the floor. 

«x*<F sahmad, tali and stout (wo- 
man). 



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>? 



(p) sahd f u, inf. sahw, be stupid ; 

— in. inp. SU\JU musdhdt, talk 
to (ace). 

( J J*0 §a>hwad=*bf sauhad. 

(y), rv. isd', inf. isd't, throw, 
pelt, shoot ; — 6 sawwa-t, suw- 
iva-t, heap of stones as a road- 
mark in the desert ; — suwwa-t, 
pi. suwa-n, household furniture. 

V sawd\ inf. of (v.sy). 

s»V i&wdb, reward, recompense ; 
requital ; .punishment ; good 
work ; honey ; bee ; — sawwdb, 
dealer in clothes ; keeper of the 
wardrobe ; — 8 sawdba-t, work 
(of charity) ; — suwdba-t, shoot- 
ing-star, planet. 

<**\f sawdbit, pi. of &*tf sdbita-t. 

©V su'djf bleating of cattle. 

;\j> sawwdr, herdsman ; — siwdr, 
inf. of Oy)- 

Uy su'df, cold, catarrh. 

*±A\f sawdlis, of the third genera- 
tion. 

8\f sawwdla-t, swarm of locusts. 

fSf sawwdm, seller of garlic. 

j\y sawdni, pi. of &*>tf sdniya-L 

^\y sawdyd, pi. of **y sawiyya-t. 

gfty sawdHj, pi. of £%ft> sd y ija-t. 

(vy) «&, u> inf. sawft, su'ub, s-»y 
£?#, return; be full or almost 
full ; — inf. su'b, assemble, 
gather ; — inf. sawabdn, recover ; 

— ii. inf. taswib, return ; re- 
ward ; retaliate ; call to prayer 
or repeat the call ; assume the 
posture of prayer; increase the 
number of one's prayers of free 
will ; — iv. inf. isdba-t, reward ; 
recover ; fill ; — v. inf. tasaw- 
wuby say after the prescribed 
prayer a second one ; — x. inf. 
istisdba-t, demand a reward ; ask 
back. 

s^y sauby pi. siydb, asvmb, as'ub, 
aswdb, dress, garment, cloth 
(v^A-j&^i *±> saub ahbdb, s-**jW* *±> 
savb habdbib, tattered clothes) ; 
armour ; coat of the horse ; 



actions, deeds; heart; protec- 
tion ; clientship ; UM *a> saubu- 
'l-md'i, placenta. 

Wy su'dbd', yawning (s.). 

<$Wy sawabdn, recovery, inf. of 

(fcy) sdj, bleat, for (e^). 

©y sauj, basket made of leaves of 
the palm-tree. 

(tf) sdh 9 u, inf. sauk 9 and — 

(£«') £&h h INF « § a ^ht touch any- 
thing soft or swollen ; sink in 
mud. 

Oy) £^ r > u » INF - £<*>ur, su'wr, 
sawardn, stir and rise; rise 
and spread ; leap up ; rush 
against, attack ; break out, ap- 
pear ; flow ; — ii. inf. taswir, 
stir up and rouse; study the 
meaning of the Koran; — in. 
inf. musdwara-t, siwdr, spring 
or rush against ; — iv. inf. 
isdra~t, excite, rouse ; provoke 
a tumult or quarrel ; urge on ; 
drive the clouds ; frighten ; 
plough ; pass, rise, grow ; — v. 
inf. tasawvmr, stir and rise; 
ascend ; appear ; attack ; — vin. 
inf. isriydr, id. ; — x. inf. isti- 
sdra-t, raise dust, hunt up 
animals; provoke war or tu- 
mult, or incite to do so ; be 
excited ; appear ; call to re- 
venge. 
$ saur, pi. riydr, siwara-t, siya- 
ra-t, sira-t, sirdn, bull ; sign 
of the Bull ; lord, master ; 
morning, dawn ; white of the 
nail ; pi. aswdr, siwara-t, large 
piece of the cream-cheese &\ 
aqt ; water-moss ; madness ; 
stupid ; — su'ur, pi. of fl saV, 
revenge, &c. ; — 8 su'ra-t, su'ura-t, 
thirst for vengeance, vindictive- 
ness ; inf. of (ft) ; — saura-t, 
large troop ; wealth ; passion- 
ateness. 

(jj^y saioardn, cloud of dust ; inf. 

Mr stt'rwr, policeman ; beadle. 
(tf) i&'i u > INF » 2 aut 9 A° w ' 



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jy 



212 



(Jy) §dh v, inf. said, show signs 
of incipient madness ; pour out ; 
gather (n.) ; — sawil, a, inf. 
sawal, (m.) be giddy, hare- 
brained ; — v. inf. tasawwul, 
form clusters (swarming bees) ; 
insult and offer violence; — 
vii. inf. insi'dZ, pour upon (n.) ; 
fall upon from all sides ; crowd 
together; (m.) be giddy, act 
foolishly. 

Jy saul, swarm of bees ; crowd ; 
male bee ; — sawal, St. Vitus's 
dance ; — saul, sawal, 8 saula-t, 
(m.) giddiness ; — sill, pi. of 
Jjft aswal, giddy, &c. 

*/ sauld', f. of Jjft aswal, giddy, 
<fcc. 

JjV su'lul, pi. sa'dlil, wart. 

fy sum, 8, garlic; — 8 suma-t, 
pommel of a sword. 

(•**/ ) sauJiad, 8 , full and fat and 
close to puberty. 

s^y su*ub, inf. of (v»y). 

jjjy sti'wr, inf. of (^y) ; — 8 su'ura-t, 
vindictiveness. 

(<4)0 ^wa, i, inf. sawd', suwiyy, 
make a halt, stop, remain, stay 
for a permanency ; receive hos- 
pitably ; pass, be interred ; — 
ii. inf. taswiya-t, cause to 
remain, retain ; receive hos- 
pitably; die; — rv. inf. iswd', 
live, dwell; cause to remain; 
receive hospitably; shoot ar- 
rows. 

i^f sawiyy, pi. aswiyd, guest; 
inhabitant ; ready for a guest ; 
— suwan, pi. of If suwwa-t ; — 
8 sawiyya-t, pi. sawdyd, (sheep-) 



fold ; stone as a road-mark ; 
woman, wife. 

5kf sawila4, bundle of herbs ; 
crowd. 

sA>> siydb, pi. of v*y saub. 

<J*^t siydbiyy, keeper of the ward- 
robe. 

jW* siydr, pi. of jy saur, bull. 

(s-*rf) ii. sayyab, inf. tasyib, 
have sexual intercourse ; — v. 
inf. tasayyub, separate from 
the husband after the first 
coition. 

£>) sa'ib, yawn ; pass, su'ib, 
inf. sa'b, grow lazy, sleepy ; 

— v. inf. tasa"ub, yawn ; — 
vi. inf. tasd*ub, id. ; go to spy 
out. 

sayyib, who divorces from 

wife or husband after the first 

coition; f. no longer a virgin. 

( J**0 S&tt&l (also J£rf saisal), old 

chamois ; antelope ; impotent ; 

— inf. 8 , prove foolish. 
(^) see (*y). 

(AS?) so? id, A, inf. sa'ad, be moist ; 

freeze, be chilled. 
A2> sa'id, moist ; frozen ; — 8 sa'i- 

da-t, fleshy. 
^ sir, pellicle upon the eye ; — 8 

8jrf siyara-t, q\jJ sir dn, pi. of 

«f saur, bull. 
(Wa>) sa'if, a, inf. sa'at, be putrid ; 

— pass. su'i$, catch a cold. 
fj*rf saimum, a kind of wheat. 
(<^*0 sm, place for pearl-fishing ; 

tool for piercing pearls. 
£*> siyya-t, fold ; stable. 
***** siyiiba-t, widowhood. 
(^)"see (<^). 



e 



C i, as a numerical sign =3 ; ab- 
breviation for : Tuesday, as third 
day of the week; g** jam*, 
plural ; the constellation Cancer, 
as the third sign of the zodiac ; 
and the month j*$\ ^U+jumdda 



al-d^ir, 2nd J. (V being abbre- 
viation for JL1N ^s»>W jamdda 
al-awwal, 1st J.). 

W jd'in, coming =<^V j&'i, (m.) 
isWjdi,SLg. of (<j*). 

(«r»M ,/«&> *w> r - yo/ifc, imp. ,/{&, 



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s^W 



213 



bring (m. for original v» W 
jtVa bi, come with) ; — ja'db, A, 
inf. ja'b, gain, earn; sell red 

v»W jab, see ^jW ; — ja'b, jab, pi. 
ju'ub, jilb, strong ass ; red clay ; 
navel ; f . 8 , stout and strong ; 

savage ; over-bearing, haughty ; 

— 8 ja'ba-t, hypochondres ; — 
jdba-t, answer, reply. 
fW jdbir, who sets broken bones ; 

forcing, compelling ; powerful, 

tyrannical ; — -8 jdbira-t, Medina. 

<^W jdbi', jdbi, locust ; — jdbi (*r»W 

jdb-in), tax-gatherer, collector of 

revenue ; — 8 jdbiya-t, pi. jawdbi, 

water-reservoir. 
(i±>W) ja'as, A, inf. ja's, walk 

along with a heavy load ; relate, 

narrate ; — *£•*&*» ja'is, a, inf. 
ja'as, rise or walk with difficulty 

(on account of a burden) ; pass. 

inf. ju'ns, get frightened; — 

tv. inf. ijdsa-t, burden, put a 

load on ; — vn. inf. inji'ds, id. ; 

be overthrown. 
*a>W ja"ds, of a bad disposition, 
(•y W jdsum, nightmare, incubus ; 

sleeper, lazy. 
JW jdsiyy, pi. jusiyy, jisiyy, 

kneeling (adj.) ; the sign of 

Hercules; — * jdsiya-t, kneeling 

(e.) ; name of the 46th chapter 

of the Koran. 
(fcW) ja'aj, a, inf. ja'j, stand as a 

coward ; — 8 jdja-t, glass bead ; 

string of pearls. 
(WW) ja'ja 9 , inf. 8, call the 

camels to the watering-place; 

— ii. inf. taja'ju 9 , desist ; fear. 
WW ja'ja 9 , flight ; dispersion. 
<j*W ja'dji', pi. of pfr ju'ju', 

breast, Ac. 
cW jdh, veil. 
j^W jdhid, denying; refractory; 

adversary, opponent ; apostate. 
)fe»W jdkiz, pi. juhhaz, goggle-eyed ; 

du. aj-jdhizdn, the pupus of the 

eyes. 



^W jdhim, battle ; 8 , glowing. 

*>W jdd, in vain, ineffectual; — 
jddd, zealous; quick; — 8 jdd- 
da-t, jA.jawdd, causeway ; high- 
road. 

ym^W jddis, 8 , effaced, obliterated ; 
uncultivated ; hard, firm, strong. 

J»>W jddil, grownup; brawler. 

^S^ jddi, pi. juddt, asking for a 
gift (adj.); saffron; wine. 

Vjt*>W jddiyd', saffron. 

(iW) ja'az, A, inf. ja'z, drink 
without sipping or pausing. 

v^iW jdzib, 8, pi. jawdzib, ag. of 
(v^j^) ; jdziba-t, charm, attrac- 
tion, grace, loveliness. 

yW ja'dzir, buffaloes, pi. of £p- 
ju'zar. 

^•SW jdzU pi. jizd\ f . 8 , pi. jawdzi, 
standing on tip- too ; having short 
arms. 

(jW) ja'ar, A, in¥.ja 9 r,ju'dr, low; 
raise one's voice in prayer ; — 
inf. ja'r, be high (plants) ; bear 
high plants \—ja'ir, a, inf. ja'ar, 
have a fit of suffocation. 

;W jar, pi. jirdn, jira-t, ajwdr, 
neighbourhood ; neighbour ; 
client ; confederate ; friend ; 
companion ; husband ; pudenda 
of a woman ; buttocks ; — jdr'in 
=<4>W jci r i ; —jdrr, ag. of (j*), 
draw, &c. ; governing the oblique 
case ; — 8 jdra-t, pi. -at, female 
neighbour ; woman ; second 
wife ; protection ; buttocks ; pi. 
of /W jd'ir ; — jdrra-t, camels 
led by the halters ; way to the 
watering-place. 
CjW jdrih, ag. of (tr>), wound ; — 8 
jdriha-t, pi. jawdrih, wild beast ; 
pi. limbs. 
JkjW jdrii, pi. jurrds, criminal. 
U^W jdrif, ag. of (*-*;*), shovel; 
sweep (who cleans the streets) ; 
epidemic amongst animals ; 
plague. 
fjW jdrim, pi. jurram, jurrdm, who 

gathers dates ; sinner. 
**2>W jdrud, very dry. 



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«W 



J1)W jdrur, torrent ; brook ; hinge 
of a door. 

v>wW jdrus, hand-mill. 

**jy+jdriifa4, shovel; (m.) mattock, 
hoe, rake. 

v4;W jdri, flowing, running, cur- 
rent ; passing, happening ; — £ 
jdriya-ty pi. jawdri, slave- girl ; 
girl ; mercy of God ; ship ; 
sun. 

)W ja'az, inf. of (^) ; ja'z, fit of 
suffocation. 

jtfV jdzir, killer of camels. 

£)\*jdzi', prop; quarrelsome. 

p)W jdzim, pi. jawdzim, ag. of 

iS)W jazi, sufficient, equivalent ; — 
* jdziya4, reward; compensa- 
tion; — jdz€a4, pi. jawdzi, wild 
beast. 

y~W jdsir, yLjawdsir, bold, venture- 
some, daring. 

v*y*W jd8u8, pi. jawdsis, scout, 
spy; white poppy; — h jdatU 
*iyya~t, spying (s.). 

iS'Wjdsi, hard. 

W~W jd&iyd* ', hardness. 

(v>V) ja?aS> a, inf. ja's, come up 
to, approach ; be deeply moved. 

v>W jdi, pi. ,;Vwi, heart ; senses ; 
bosom, breast, chest. 

(u°M ja'asi a, inf. ja's, drink. 

&*W jd l a4, pi. hungry people. 

(«->W) jVa/, a, inf. ja'f, throw on 
the ground ; frighten ; uproot ; 
— ja'if, a, inf. ja'af, be hungry ; 
be terrified ; shrink. 

*-*W jdff, dry, withered; — ja"df, 
who calls ; — jdf»in=^W jdfi. 

J*W jo/ft, pi. juffdl, running, Ac, 
ag. of (J**) ; confused, in dis- 
order ; agile ; — * jdfila-t, high 
wind. 

ij^jdfi (*->Wjdf-iri), cruel, savage; 
tyrannical ; coarse, rude ; stupid. 

(JW) ja'al, a, inf. ja'l, come and 
go ; gather (a. and n.) ; —ja'il, 
A, inf. ja'aldn, limp, halt ; — ix. 
inf. ifildl, fear. 

JW jdl, wall, parapet ; river ; 
mountain slope; (m.) forged, 



adulterated ; — 8 jdUa-t, jdla-i, 
pi. jawdl, exiles, fugitives. 
s-*jW jdlib, attracting, Ac, ag. of 
(w-k) ; importer (of cattle, 
goods, Ac), pi. jawdlib, jidlab, 
curing, healing. 
WW jdlibiyya-t, attractiveness, 
attraction, charm ; import and 
export. 
(j^W jdlis, pi. jahU, sitting, Ac, 
ag. of (J»W) ; comrade, com- 
panion, 
^y W jdUt, Goliath. 
<j*y*t*W jdlinus, Galen. 
QW jdliya-t, exile; exiles; tri- 
bute ; tributaries. 
(•W- jam, pi. aj'um, ajwdm, jdmdt, 
jaunty cup, goblet; tumbler; — 
jdmm, abundant ; rested, re- 
covered from fatigue. 
£*W jdmih, pi. jummah, proud. 
**W jdmid, pi. jamad, jaw amid, 
growing hard, Ac, ag. of (*+*); 
tearless ; stilling the blood ; 
inorganic ; fossil ; radical word ; 
al-jawdmid, solid bodies, mine- 
rals, fossils. 
g*W jdmi 1 , pi. jum 1 , assembling, 
Ac, ag. of (£*) ; all, the whole 
of ; encylopeedia ; collector ; 
compiler ; large kettle ; pi. 
jawdmi', great mosque; cathe- 
dral ; — * jdmi i a4, pi. jawdmi', 
large kettle; necklaee, chain, 
neck-tie; pillory ; — h jdmi t yya4 9 



»W jdmakiyya-t, pi. jatvdmih, 
salary, pay. 

J*W jdmil, gathering, melting, ag. 
of (J**) ; troop of camels, pi. of 
J** jaml, jamal. 

<j*yW jdmu8, pi. jawdmi8, buffalo. 

qW jdnn, pi. jindn, genie, demon ; 
serpent ; — jdn^in^-^W jdnL 

s-^W jdnib, deflecting, Ac, ag. of 
(s-^h) ; pi. jawdnib, side, part, 
direction ; tract of land ; moun- 
tain-slope; disposition; dignity; 
majesty ; pi. junndb, strange, 
foreign, foreigner ; shunned, 



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215 



despised ; avoiding, shunning ; 
— Ijdniba-t, side. 

jW*W jdmbdz, rope-dancer; horse- 
dealer, jockey (Pers.). 

&*W jdniha-t, pi. jawdnih, last 
rib. 

£js\+ jdnddr, pi. janddriyya-t, 
guardsman, one of the body- 
guard (Pers.). 

<j*-*W jdnisy near, close, confining 
with ; ag. of ((J****). 

^JW jdni (0W jdn-in), pi. jundt, 
junnd', ajnd', gathering, &c. ; 
sinner, criminal. 

»W jdh, I jdha-t, place, rank, 
dignity ; honour, glory ; pros- 
perity (Pers.). 

\**W jdhiban, publicly. 

&*J*W jdhifa-t, troop of men. 

&a*W jdhida-t, pi. jawdhid, foal (a 
year old). 

J*W- j'aAiZ, pi. jitAZ, juhul, juhhal, 
juhhal, juhald', ajhdl, jahala-t, 
ignorant, Ac, ag. of ( Je«0 ; 
idiot ; barbarian ; — ^5 jdhiliyy, 
heathen ; — &t jdhiliyy a-t, state 
of ignorance ; heathenism of 
the Arabs before Muhammad. 

«j*W jdhi, destroyed ; open, public. 

jWja'w, inf. of (v^W). 

<j*hW jdwars, millet (Pers.). 

(vjW) ja'a, a, inf. ja'y, bite upon 
(<JLe *aZa) ; — inf. jaJw, mend ; 
tend ; cover, hide, conceal ; pre- 
vent ; wipe ; — also ja'i, A, inf. 
ja'an, j?a-t, ju'wa-t, be of a 
chestnut brown. 

ij^jd'i, S , coming, ag. of ^). 

yw jd'iba-t, pi. jawd'ib, news. 

•tfW jd'id, pi. jaud, abundant, 
plentiful ; liberal, beneficent. 

jSW jd'ir, pi. -tin, jawara-t, jdra-t, 
unjust, tyrannical ; heart-burn, 
acidity in the stomach ; syco- 
phant, parasite. 

yW> jd'iz, passing, &c, ag. of 
(w*>) ; metaphorical ; pi. ajwuz, 
ajwiza-t, jtizdn, jizdn, jawd'iz, 
cross-beam ; lever of a printing- 
press ; garden ; — S jaiza-t, 



kindness; pi. jawd'iz, present, 
gratuity ; honorific gift ; pro- 
vender ; review ; certificate ; 
signature ; pi. verses ; current 
sayings. 

&**£W jd'iJat, soul, mind. 

£?W ja'i', pi. jiyd', juwwa', hungry, 
starving. 

*-*3W jd'if, penetrating, ag. of 
iy-lff) ; — S jd'ifa-t, thrust, deep 
wound ; pi. jawd'if, hill. 

J?W jd'il, turning round, &c. ; ag. 
of ( Jy*0 ; roaming about ; loose ; 
— S jd'ila-t, business, affair. 

C *?W=«^W-; — IjdjVa-t, pus; blood. 

(s-**) jabb, inf. jabb, jibdb, lop, cut 
off or out ; beat down the leaves; 
fructify the female palm; sur- 
pass, overcome, vanquish : — 11. 
inf. tajbib, have the lower part of 
the front-feet white ; fear ; flee ; 
water the cattle until satisfied ; 

— in. inf. jibdb, mujdbba, vie in 
riches or beauty ; cut off ; — iv. 
inf. ijbdb, be covered with foam ; 

— v. inf. tajabbub, put on the 
&** jubba-t ; — vi. inf. tajdbb, 
marry one another's sister ; — 
viii. inf. ijtibdb, cut off ; wander 
through the cities ; put on the 
&**• jubba-t. 

s-^ jubb, pi. ajbdb, jibdb, jibaba-t, 
deep well; cistern; water-bag; 
ditch, hole ; (m.) shrub, shrub- 
bery ; — jab*, pi. aj bu', jiba'a-t, 
jabot, a kind of mushroom ; hill ; 
cistern, hole for holding water ; 

— I jiba-t, inf. of (v**;), be 
necessary, &c. ; — jubba-t, pi. 
jabab, jibdb, vest or jacket with 
wide sleeves ; armour, coat of 
mail, cuirass ; ankle, instep ; 
eye-bones. 

(W) jabd', a, inf. jab 1 , jubtV, also 
jabi', a, inf. jaba', desist; detest, 
abhor ; come out ; hide ; remain 
behind ; sell red clay ; incline 
the neck ; be blunt or dim ; — 
inf. ijbd f , abound in truffles ; 
sell the crops before they are 
reaped ; conceal ; fall upon* 



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W jiban, water in a cistern ; — 
jibd\ pi. of S&W jibdya-t, tri- 
bute, impost ; — jabbd', point of 
a horn ; — jubbd', cowardly ; a 
kind of arrow ; — 8 jiba'a-t, pi. 
of s-** jab 9 ; — jabbd* a- 1, point 
of a horn. 

v*W jabdb, jubdb, year of famine ; 

— jubdb, lawful shedding of 
blood ; froth of the milk ; — 
jibdb, pi. of s-** jubb; inf. of 
(s-**) ; — jabbdby ^$ jabbdbiyy, 
maker or seller of the &** 
jubba-t. 

tyW jabdbira-t, pi. of ^W jab- 
bar, S . 

l^**W jabdbin, pi. of (jjW jdbbdn. 

jW jubdr, lawful shedding of 
blood ; war ; free ; also jibdr, 
Tuesday ; — jabbdr, 8 , pi. -tin, 
jabdbira-t, strong, powerful, 
omnipotent ; God ; tyrant ; 
proud, cruel ; great, giant ; 
Orion ; high ; also jubbdr, high 
palm-tree ; — 8 jibdra-t, setting 
of broken bones, inf. of (;**) ; 
pi. jibdr, bandage, splint. 

v> W jabbdS, barber. 

JW jibdl, body; — pi. of J** 
jabal. 

0W jabdn, 8 , pi. juband 9 , coward, 
cowardly ; — jdbbdn, 8 , pi. jabd- 
bin, cheese-monger; coward; 
cemetery, burial-place ; desert ; 

— 8 jabdna-t, cowardice, inf. 
of (&&) ; — 4 jabdniyya-t, id. 

*W jibdh, pi. of ^W jabha-t. 

SjW jibdwa-t, water in a cistern ; 

inf. of (}*+)• 
«^W jaVa, having full breasts 

(adj.); — 8 jibdya-t, gathering, 

gathering of taxes ; collection ; 

pi. jibd', tribute, impost, tax. 
s-*?* jabab, whiteness of the lower 

part of the front feet of a horse ; 

— jubab, pi. of &** jubba-t ; — 8 

jibaba-t, pi. of s~* . 
(vs~**) jibt, idol ; magician ; magic, 
(e**) J aba J7 u, inf. jabj f recover 



from weakness and get strong 
again. 

(s-^**) jabjab, inf. 8 , travel, 
wander, roam about; stuff the 
intestines of a camel with meat, 
Ac- > — 8 jabjaba-t, jubjuba-t, 
intestines stuffed in this man- 
ner ; jubjuba-t, leathern basket ; 
drum ; — ^5 jubjubiyy, maker or 
seller of sausages ; — h jubjubiy- 
ya-t, soup with sausages. 

(e**0 jtob&h v, inf. jabh, cast the 
dice to see who will be vic- 
torious. 

C**" J a fy} jibh, jubh, pi. ajbuh, 
ajbah, bee-hive. 

(6**0 job* 1 !}* *» inf. ja6J, turn the 
dice. 

&W** jabhdna-t, store-house for 
powder; ammunition (Pers.). 

(•W) jabaz, i, inf. jabz, draw, 
pull ; — vn. inf. injibdz, be 
drawn, pulled ; — viii. inf. 
ijtibdz, draw, pull. 

(j*"0 jabar, u, inf. jabr, jubdr, 
jibdra-t, set a broken bone ; 
contract (n.) ; do good to or 
enrich the poor ; help, assist, 
put under obligation; force, 
compel ; (m.) curry a horse ; — 
i, inf. jabr, jubur, get healed, 
restored ; — n. inf. tajbir, set 
a broken bone ; mend anything 
broken; help or enrich the 
poor ; compel ; — in. inf. mujd- 
bara-t, give pleasure by any- 
thing ; — iv. inf. ijbdr, compel ; 
consider as healed or restored; 

— v. inf. tajabbur, get set ; 
receive a gift or become enriched; 
be haughty, overbearing ; push 
leaves; grow again; recover in 
health ; recover anything lost ; 

— vn. inf. injibdr, get set ; be 
compelled; — vm. inf. ijtibdr, 
set a bone ; enrich ; gain riches ; 

— x. inf. istijbdr, get set ; gain 
riches. 

j#+ jabr, force, compulsion, vio- 
lence ; setting of broken bones ; 
bandage; reunion- of what has 



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been separated; reduction of 
fractures ; al-jabr, algebra ; pre- 
destination ; man ; youth ; hero ; 
king ; slave ; — S jabra-t, curry- 
comb (m.). 

J*W jabrd'il, J^j** jabrd'il, 
Jfy** jabrd'il, and several 
other similar forms, archangel 
Gtabriel. 

^r^ jabrilt, jubriit, jabarut, ij))4+ 
jabardta, jabarilti, Sj;** jabaruw- 
wa-t, jubaruwwa-t, jabruwwa-t, 
pomp, pride ; — jabarnt, power ; 
omnipotence ; highest heaven. 

i3f9+ jabriyy, compelled (m.) ; — 5 
jibriyya-t, jabriyya-t, jibiriyya-t, 
jabiriyya-t, pomp, pride; also 
(^/j* jabariyydn, sect of fata- 
lists ; vs^Vij*^ jabariyydt, algebraic 
exercises. 

\i.r&> jtbriyd' , pride, haughtiness. 

Jij** jibril, jabril, &p+ jabrin, 
archangel Gabriel. 

(>**) jobuz, inf. jabdxa-t, be dry, 
unleavened (bread) ; give part 
of one's own to another. 

y#* jibz, hard and dry; miserly, 
avaricious ; mean ; cowardly ; 
— 8 jabza-t, piece, portion. 

(u~**0 jtt> 8 > pl- ajbds, jubiU=y**> ; 
also (^e— *+ , cement, gypsum ; 
— jabae, water-melon; — hence 
v. taj abbas, inf. tajabbue, strut 
along proudly. 

(if***) jabai, i, inp. jab£, shave. 

0*-*** jibsin, gypsum. 

( J*0 jabd* h tx, inp. jabl, form, 
create ; shape after a model ; 
knead; mix chalk with sand; 
compel ; — n. inp. tajbil, cut in 
pieces; — rv. inp. ijbdl, form, 
shape, create ; go into the 
mountains ; find miserly ; handle 
the language with difficulty ; hit 
on anything hard in digging; 
stamp the ground ; have blunted 
weapons; — v. inp. tajabbul, go 
into the mountains ; take every- 
thing away ; — vn. inp. injibdl, 
get formed, shaped, kneaded, 
mixed. 



J** jabl, jM, jubl, jubul, jibUl, 
jubull, I jabla-t, <fcc., troop of 
men; numerous ;—jabl, creation; 
formation ; kneading (s.) ; — 
jabal, pl. ajbdl,jibdl, ajbul, moun- 
tain, mountain-chain ; prince ; 
avaricious; — 8 jabla-t, jibla-t, 
jubla-t, jabala-t, jtbilla-t, natural 
form or disposition ; constitu- 
tion ; temper ; — jibala-t, jabala-t, 
face ; creature ; hardness of the 
ground; strength; fault, vice; 
— jibla-t, jubla-t, jubulla-t, the 
created things ; descendants ; — 
jubla-t, hump of the camel. 

(•J****- jaballaqum, amethyst. 

{ J*+ jabaliyy, mountainous ; moun- 
taineer ; — jibilliyy, natural, in- 
born; constitutional. 

(&*+) jabun, inp. jabdna-t, jubn, 
jubun, be timid, cowardly; — 
ii. inp. tajbin, accuse of cowar- 
dice, deem or find one to be a 
coward ; impute to cowardice ; 
render a coward ; effeminate ; 
cause the milk to curdle; — 
iv. inf. ijbdn, deem or find 
one to be a coward; curdle, 
coagulate ; — v. inp. tajabbun, 
coagulate into cheese ; — viii. 
inp. ijtibdn, deem a coward ; 
prepare cheese. 

($#* jubn, jubun, jubunn, cheese ; 
cowardice ; — jubun, pl. of {$*#* 
jabin ; — S jubna-t, jubunna-t, 
cheese. 

W* juband 1 , pL of ($\#*jabdn. 

(^t^jabndn, coward. 

(- 3*<*. jubniyy, maker of cheese, 
cheesemonger. 

(&^) jabah, a., inp. jabh, hit or 
strike on the forehead, say dis- 
agreeable things in one's face, 
receive or refuse in an insulting 
manner ; see water without 
being able to reach it; come 
upon unexpectedly ; — n. inp. 
tajbih, receive in an offensive 
manner ; cause one to bend his 
head, put to shame ; — vm. 

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inf. ijtibdh, refuse as injurious 
to the health. 

^ jabah, breadth of the fore- 
head ; — jubbah, coward ; — 8 
jabha-t, pi. -at, jibdh, forehead, 
brow ; troop ; chief, prince ; 
highly esteemed ; moon ; an 
idol; contempt. 

if*) jobu (*• P- jabaU'tu, jdbai-tu), 
I, U, im.jibdwa-t 9 jibdya-t, gather 
taxes, tribute ; — {mS ^ jabd 9 inf. 
jab-an, jib-an, jub-an, jaby, id. ; 
collect water in a pond ; — n. 
inf. tajbiya-t, lean the hands 
on the knees or the ground ; 
prostrate one's self for prayer ; 

— iv. inf. ijbd't sell the crops 
before they are ripe ; conceal 
one's camels from the tax- 
gatherer ; — viii. inf. ijtibtV, 
select ; — 8 jabwa-t, (m.) collec- 
tion of taxes ; collect ; — jibwa-t 
=S^U^ jibdwa-t. 

s->j** jabub, hard ground ; — 8 
jabiiba-t, clod. 

hi** jubiira-t, jabbura-t 9 haughti- 
ness, pride. 

v*F+ jabus, mean person; vine- 
branch ; — jubus, pi. of {J*** 
jabs. 

(cT*)> see (j*>) and (W). 

u&- jib-an, collected water or 
money. 

^<5** jibbir, haughty, overbearing ; 

— 8 jdbira-t, pi. jabdHr 9 splint 
for setting bones; bracelet; (m.) 
leathern sack ; portfolio. 

y*t+jabtz f dry or stale bread. 
u~#& jabis, mean person ; cub of 

the bear. 
J«* jabil, troop of men ; ugly ; — 

jibil, the ancient Byblus ; — 

jubail, small mountain ; — 8 

jabila-t, a tribe. 
&#& jabin, pi. ajbun, ajbina-t, 

jubun, temple, brow, forehead. 
(c^)^a#=(<j~^), feel, &c. 
(e^j.) jass, u, inf. ja$$, cut off or 

down, up-root ; fear ; beat ; 

hum ; — viii. inf. ijtisds, cut 
off or down, up-root. 



jus\ 9 watch, guard ; shell or 
skin of a fruit; high ground, 
hill ; impurity in the honey ; — 
* jussa-t, ipl.jusas, body, corpse ; 
human frame ; stature ; — jissa-t, 
calamity. 

\*+jasd', reward ; number, amount; 
alsoj'itfa', figure, form, person. 

J&tjusdl, lark ; — ljusdia-t, fallen 
leaves. 

(J^V), in. ijsa'ally inf. ijsi'ldl, 
pluck out its feathers; prepare 
in anger for combat or evil. 

ftfej. jusdm, nightmare, incubus, 
phantom, ghost ; — 8 jasdma-t, 
dull, sleepy person ; sluggard ; 
indolent, foolish. 

<&***• jusas, pi. of &* jussa-t. 

(vi^i^) jasjas f inf. 8 , serpentine ; 
— ii. inf. tajasjus, be dense ; 
shake itself (as a bird, &c). 

<-&£*> jasif, belly. 

(>y+)jasal, drive on fast ; — ja*il, 
A, inf. jasal ; also jasul, inf. 
jasdla-t, jusula-t, be dense ; be 
dense, short and black (hair, 
&c). 

J^ ja$l> ji§h dense, densely 
grown ; abundant ; — jasl, 8 , 
large ant ; — jasal, mother ; 
wife ; — 8 jasla-t, overhanging 
hair, foliage, &c. 

(f**0 jasam, i, u, inf. jasm, 
jusum, sit quiet with its breast 
on the ground, roost ; cover the 
young ones with the wings ; 
brood ; — inf. jusnm, be half 
passed (night) ; rise just above 
the ground ; gather clay, earth, 
ashes ; perish ; — n. inf. tajsim, 
cause a bird to roost or brood. 

+2* jasm,jasam, sprouting crops ; 
— jusam=z&"\+*' jasdma-t ; — 8 
jasama-ty hill ; — jusarna-t, 
sleeper, sluggard. 

^U^ jusmdn, body ; form, re- 
sembling a human body, but 
indistinct ; — h jusmaniyya-t, 
corporality ; essence, what is 
essential ; heart, core. 



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219 



(j**) j a H f h V* h INF. JUSUWW, jllS- 

?iyy> jissiyy* sit with the knees 
upon the ground ; stand on 
tip-toe ; gather ; — in. inf. 
mujdsdt, sit knee against knee 
with another ; sit cross-legged ; 
— iv. inf. ijsd\ make one kneel 
or stand on tip-toe ; — vi. inf. 
tajd&i, si t knee against knee 
with another ; — S jaswa-t, jis- 
wa-tj heap of stones ; body ; 
live coal ; — juswa-t, pi. ^ 
jusan, heap of stones ; pi. ^+ 
jusan, tomb. 
8j** jttsula-t, density, denseness ; 

inf. of (JV). 
py*- jasum, squatting, crouching ; 

hill ; — justim, inf. of (^V). 
*±«**» jasis, 5 , shoot of a palm- 
tree. 
J*2*jasil, densely grown. 
(cO J a bbi u > inf. jahh, spread ; 
eat melon ; — iv. inf. ijhdh, be 
on the point of giving birth. 
&-juhh, a small kind of melon. 
C*U*- jahdjih, S jahdjiha-t, pi. of 

£**»* jahj ah . 
£**^*. jahdjih, pi. of tW^^ 

jahjdh. 
*>W>. jahhdd, who denies every- 
thing ; ungrateful person ; — 
isjuhadiyy, $, full, stout. 
o*W> jihds, inf. in. of (y^^) ; 

crowd, throng. 
^W*. jihdz, socket of the eye. 
«*-*V^. juhnf, great mortality ; 
death ; inundation ; diarrhoea ; 
— jihdf, combat. 
J^*- juhdl, poison. 
^*W»- jahdmir, pi. of ^4^^ 

jahmaris. 
cW^ 1 *- jahjdh, pl« jahdjih, prince, 
chief ; man of great authority, 
and, by opposition, a worthless 
person, wretch, 
(s-^^as^) jahjab, inf. 5 , ruin, 
destrov, annihilate ; act re- 
peatedly in a matter ; come and 
go. 
(j»j»/0 jcihjahy inf. S, examine a 



thing and bring it speedily to 
a conclusion ; desist. 

jahjah, pi. jahdjih, 8 jahd- 
jiha~t, big ram ;=c^U^ jahjdh. 
(***) jahad, A, inf. jahd, juhud, 
know better and deny ; refuse 
one's right; apostatize; find 
miserly ; — jahid, a, inf. jahad, 
be scarce ; be not thriving ; be 
not well off ; do little good ; — 
iv. inf. ijhdd, be not thriving ; 
— vi. inf. tajdhud, deny to one 
another. 
•*^> jahd, juhd, jahad, of little 
good ; — jahd, negation ; deny- 
ing, refusing ; — jahd, jahid, 
scanty ; poor, penurious ; nig- 
gardly. 
G*W>*) jahdar, inf. S, throw on 
the ground ; roll ; — n. inf. 
tajahdur, stir and fly up. 
jA^^ jahdar, dwarf ; short. 
(J*W*») jahdal, inf. 8, gather 
camels, to let them on hire ; 
become bjammdl; gather riches, 
grow rich ; throw on the ground ; 
bind; fill. 
J»W>* jahdal, juhdul, fat and 

strong. 
G*^) jahar, A, inf. jahr, burrow ; 
creep into a hole ; drive into a 
burrow ; be deep-set (eye) ; 
rise on high ; be sparing or 
behind with anything; remain 
behind ; — iv. inf. ijhdr, drive 
into the hole or burrow; con- 
ceal ; compel to flight ; compel, 
force ; not bring any rain ; be 
threatened by scarcity or fa- 
mine ; — v. inf. tajahhur, vn. 
inf. injihdr, burrow, flee to its 
hole; — vni. inf. ijtihdr, seek 
or dig a hole, burrow. 
^a. jahr, deep hole ; — juhr, pi. 
jihara-t, ajhdr, juhrdn, ajhira-t, 
den, hole, burrow. 
\j&* jahrd, f . deep-set. 
oV^*" juhrdn, pudenda of a wo- 
man ; hole, burrow ; hiding- 
place. 
(fV**0 jahram, wicked or malicious 



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<*•* 



man ; — 8 jahrama-t, wickedness, 
malice; poverty. 

(u~^*) jahas, a, inf. jahs, enter ; 
scratch the skin ; kill ; — n. 
inf. jihds, repel, ward off; 
press. 

{j~+#*jah8, cunning, stratagem. 

(u^*^) jahas, a, inf. jahf, scratch 
the skin ; — in. inf. jihdt, 
mujdha6a-t, repel, ward off ; 
press. 

y^^ jahS, f . S , pi. jihds, jihMn, 
foal of an ass ; foal ; he- goat ; 
blockhead ; (m.) stand, trestle, 
horse (for towels, &c.) ; thick- 
ness, hardness, cruelty ; war 
against infidels ; effort, en- 
deavour. 

( J-ft^*>) jaUal, juhhil, J*Wj* jahd- 
til, swift, fleet, agile. 

(lw*) jahaz, a, inf. juhftz, have a 
large or protruding pupil or 
eye ; — n. inf. ijhdz, look 
sharply at (^J\ ila). 

W»* juhhaz, pi. of ^W jdhiz. 

Q»W»-) jahzam, having large eyes 
(adj.). •" 

(Ul**) jahaf, a, inf. jahf, peel, 
shell, pare; sweep away; dig 
up and cast away ; gather ; lean 
towards ({* ma 1 ) ; take out ; 
catch the ball ; — inf. jahf, 
jahfa-t, play at balls ; — in. 
inf. mujdhafa-t, press one in a 
crowd, come quite close to 
(ace.) ; — iv. inf. ijfrdf, injure ; 
take; render poor; oppress, 
press ; come close up to (v» 
bi) ; — vi. inf. tajdhuf, fight 
each other; play at balls to- 
gether ; — viii. inf. ijtihdf, 
take away, rob ; draw out the 
water. 

vJL^> jahf y peeling, &c. ; game at 
balls ; — S jahfa-t, id. ; slice of 
butter ; colic ;—juhfa-t, remains 
of water in a well, of food in a 
vessel. 

(J***) jafcfal, inf. S, throw to 
the ground ; blame, scold, 



rebuke ; — n. inf. iajahful, 
assemble. 

J*^* jahfal, pi. jahdfil, great army ; 
great, powerful. 

(J**0 jahal, a, inf. jahl, throw 
on the ground ; — n. inf. tajhil, 
id. 

J*>* j&hly pi. jihdl, large water- 
bag ; pi. juhul, juhldn, mother- 
bee ; a beetle ; chameleon ; 
lizard ; lord, prince ; small 
camels. 

W jahld, f . big, stout. 

(fW**) jahlam, inf. 8, throw to 
the ground. 

(j%**) jaham, a, inf. jahm, kindle ; 
open the eyes and fix them 
upon anything ; — jahim, a, inf. 
jaham, juhum, also jahum, inf. 
juhm, burn ; — n. inf. tajhim, 
look at sharply and fixedly ; — 
iv. inf. ijhdm, abstain, desist; 
approach anyone for the pur- 
pose of killing him ; — v. inf. 
tajahhum, burn with rage, pas- 
sion, desire, &c. ; be narrow, be 
oppressed. 

ahm, 8 , burning ; — 8 jah- 
ma-t, eye ; — juhma-t, large 
fire. 

;*** jahmar, sj»j+&t jahmaris, pi. 
jahdmir, decrepit old woman; 
suckling hare ; a kind of snake. 

Jt*** n jahmaS, decrepit old wo- 
man. 

(W**-) jahmaz, inf. 8 , wind round ; 
wrap up, swaddle; tie one's 
hands below his knees; run 
fast ; make short steps. 

^ ♦^ •> jahmaza-t, swaddle-cloth ; 
rope. 

\j»y*+fr juhmus, decrepit old wo- 
man. 

(e***0 j&hin, ±> inf. jahan, be 
starved ; — jahan, a, inf. jahn 
= n. inf. tajhin, and iv. inf. 
ijhdn, starve a child or one's 
family. 

<j)^*- jahin, starved ; — also 8 juh- 
na-t, louse, tick. 

( s « w> ) jahnab, jahannab, dwarfish. 



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221 



j*i++ * jihimbdr, juhumbdr, 8 jihim- 

bdra-t, juhumbdra-t, short and 

thick-set. 
^ g W> jahambara-t, female dwarf, 
(tjfta^) jahnaJ, inf. 8 , also 

cr~**^*\ ijhanfaS, inf. ijhintes, 

be large and thick, 
ir' ^i jahnai, having a big belly ; 

thick, stout. 
(J*-^*-) jahanfal, having thick 

lips, 
(j**) j a $d> u > INF * i«Aw, uproot; 

stay, remain ; walk, step ; pass ; 

— viii. inf. ijtihd', uproot; — 

8 jahwa-t, step ; face ; kind, 

sort. 
*-*)+*■ juhiif, bucket. 
U**** jahti, side, region, tract of 

land ; living in solitude ; — 

juhais, little ass. 
f*6^»» jahim, large fire ; hell, 
^s+a^* jahimiyy, hellish. 
W^* juhaind', longing desire. 
(£+) J a h> we ^ done • bravo ! 
it*) J a hh> wander from place to 

place ; take the position of 

prayer ; squirt water, &c. ; 

throw up the ground with the 

foot ; lie on the side ; lie with 

a woman; (m.) be pompously 

adorned. 
£*• 3 a hhi *}^- jahdba4 9 stupid ; 

lazy ; thick, stout ; — S jahha~t, 

luxury, luxuriousness. 
s^U**- juhddib, 6 y*\ abii juhddib, 

*>W* fl\ abu juhdd, VjoVaU- ju^d- 

dibd', ^?«*Wrt- juhddiba-t, ^*>U*- 

jufrddiba, paunch-bellied ; a 

locust ; a beetle. 
joVafe^ jufrddir, stout, corpulent. 
i3*y\£fr jufiddiyy, milk- pail; stout. 
«~*W* jahhdf, proud, boasting. 
(s-<fc*-) jahb, lean ; thin ; hollow ; 

— jihabb, large, big ; leader ; 

weak. 
(£%afc<*») jahjafy, inf. S , lie with a' 

woman ; throw to the ground ; 

conceal one's thoughts; call, 

cry out to ; applaud, call bravo ! 

come to the best of a thing; 

enter a large assembly ; lie 



prostrate with fatigue ; — n. 
inf. tajahjuh, lie prostrate with 
fatigue ; lie with ; be very 
dark. 

juhdub, pi. jahddib, stout; 
a kind of locust ; lion. 

(J^at^) jahdal, strong and fat. 

(f^xass^) jahdam, inf. 8, be quick, 
swift. 

(j^fe^) jahzar, ^ jahzariyy, "stout. 

(^A^) jahzaf, great, large, stout ; 
excellent. 

(f**) J a hi r > A > inf. jahar, be 
putrid ; be wide ; be empty ; 
— ii. inf. tajhtr, widen the 
mouth of a well ; — iv. inf. 
ijhdr, id. ; cause water to gush 
out. 

jahir, S, who eats much, is 
soon hungry ; thin, lean ; weak 
in the loins or in the head; 
cowardly ; ugly ; putrid. 

(*-A^) jahaf, i, u, inf. jahf, jahif, 
also jahif, a, boast ; sleep ; in- 
timidate. 

*- &a ^ fakf, snoring (s.) ; levity ; 
boasting (s.) ; Uij. jahfd, boast- 
ing (adj.) ; —juhuf, pL of <-Asm* 



(f*+) jahd, u, inf. jafrw, hold 
upside down; — n. inf. taj- 
hiya-tj draw in the belly leaning 
with the hands on the ground 
(in prayer) ; be bent ; draw to 
an end ; be turned upside 
down. 

ja^ jahw, looseness of the skin; 
thinness of the hips. 

Sijaw*- jahwaza-t, run, trot. 

< - A * a «" J a h*f> proud and boasting ; 
snoring (s.) ; levity ; pi. juhuf, 
soul, mind ; large army ; 
dwarfish. 

(a>) jadd, i, inf. jadd, be great, 
honoured, rich ; pass, be rich 
and happy ; be hard, difficult, 
troublesome ; afflict ; be serious 
or of importance ; — cr, inf. 
jadd, cut, lop ; prune ; — inf. 
jidd, exert one's self in a 



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222 



;*> 



matter, take it seriously ; be 
truthful ; — i, inf. jidda-t, be 
new|; — n. inf. tajdid, renew, 
restore; interweave with varie- 
gated stripes; clip the camel's 
udder; (m.) repeat; return in 
a worse degree (illness) ; — in. 
inf. mujddda-t, deal with ac- 
cording to strict law ; vie 
earnestly ; — iv. inf. ijddd, 
renew, restore, mend; act with 
earnestness and zeal ; be in 
earnest ; hasten ; be hard and 
level ; travel on such ground ; 

— v. inf. tajaddud, be renewed, 
restored, mended ; be milkless ; 

— x. inf. istijddd, renew, &c. ; 
deem or take for new; take 
afresh ; (m.) put again into 
good condition. 

±+ jadd, pi. ajddd, judud> judHda-t, 
grandfather, ancestor (e*^° 
sahih, on father's, JuA* fdsid, on 
mother's side) ; riches, wealth, 
good fortune; greatness, honour; 
rich ; bank of a river ; — jidd, 
exertion, diligence, zeal ; ear- 
nestness, serious matter; seri- 
ous, in earnest; haste; high 
degree ; W jidd-an, much, 
earnestly, with zeal ; — judd, 
well, cistern ; fatness ; side ; 
coast of Mecca ; — 5 jida-t, 
wealth, inf. of (J^j) ; ^jadda-t, 
grandmother;— jidda-t, novelty, 
freshness ; wealth ; surface of 
the ground ; also judda-t, coast ; 
port of Mecca; — judda-t, pi. 
judad, stripe ; tract ; path, 
road ; manner, method, system ; 
sign. 

W jaddd 1 , f. of J^ ajadd, water- 
less ; desert ; milkless ; — jiddd*, 
evident ; — S juddt, pi. of ^W 
jddi. 

*>W jiddd, pruning of the palm- 
tree ; — jadddd, wine- merchant ; 
— judddd, old clothes. 

j\j^. jiddr, pi. judr, judur, wall ; 
(m.) dung-hill. 

\*\**juddfd' f plunder, booty. 



JW jaddl, 8, unripe; — jiddl, 
quarrel, altercation, dispute, 
contention, combat, in. (J****) ; 

— jadddl, quarrelsome ; dis- 
putant. 

&«W juddma-t, chaff. 

(s-^) jadab, u, i, inf. jadb, 

blame, rebuke ; — jadub, inf. 

jaduba-t, be dry ; — n. inf. 

tajdib, dry up ; — in. inf. mujd- 

daba-t, have a dry year ; — iv. 

inf. ijddb, find the ground dry ; 

— rv. and v. inf. tajaddub, have 
a dry year ; suffer from drought ; 
be rainless (sky). 

v»J^ jadb, jidabb, sterility ; 
drought ; dearth ; bad season ; 
f. S, sterile, dry, dried up; 
(m.) dull, stupid; — $ jadba-t, 
dulness, stupidity (m.). 

(t4>A*.) jadas, pi. ajdus, ajdds, 
tomb ; — hence vin. ijtidds, 
adorn the tomb; — I jadsa-t, 
sound of the hoof ; chewing (s.). 

*+*+ jadjad, hard level ground; 
judjud, pi. jaddjid, cricket. 

(t^) jadah, a, inf. jadh, stir up, 
shake, mix ; — n. inf. tajdih, 
soil ; smear, anoint ; — rv. inf. 
ijda%, vin. inf. ijtiddh=i. 

**+ jadad, hard level ground ; 
fine sand; — judad, pi. of $*>- 
judda-t ; — judud, pi. of «*a^ 
jadid. 

(j^f) jadar, inf. jadr, break out 
(small-pox, &c.) ; pass, be seized 
with the small-pox ; — u, inf. 
jadr, bud ; sprout forth ; get 
callous ; render fit or worthy ; 
wall in ; keep within one's 
walls; — jadir, a, inf. jadar, 
bud ; be seized with the small- 
pox ; — jadur, inf. jaddra-t, be 
worthy ; bud ; sprout ; — n. 
inf. tajdir, be seized with the 
small-pox ; — n. and iv. inf. 
ijddr, bud, sprout ; — iv. swell ; 

— vin. inf. ijtiddr, make walls, 
enclosures. 

j** jadr, pi. judr, judur, judrdn, 
wall, enclosure ; eruption of the 



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<^* 



small-pox ; — (m. for j^ jazr) 
root ; origin ; root of a number; 
exponent; — jadar, 5 jadara-t, 
pustule, pock; also judar, pi. 
ajddr, callosity ; scar ; — jadir, 
worthy, fit, proper. 

\y*+jadrd\ f. of j*+\ ajdar, marked 
by the small-pox, &c. 

V.5J 4 ** jadariyy, jadriyy, judariyy, 
small- pox. 

(JW) jadaS y i, inf. jadJ, turn 
round anything to seize it. 

(&**) jwfa'* A » INF - i^S cut off 
the ears, the nose, the lips, 
hands, &c. ; maim, mutilate ; 
imprison ; starve ; — jadi', a, 
inp. jada 1 , 'be mutilated; be 
starved ; — n. inf. tajdi', maim 
badly ; wish one to be maimed ; 
starve ; injure ; — in. inf. 
mujdda'a-t, quarrel with (ace.) ; 
scold ; — rv. inf. ijdd', starve ; 
keep back ; — vi. inf. tajddu', 
quarrel with, scold each other; 
— vin. ijtidd 1 , get maimed ; 
shear the camel. 

£J-> jad 1 , mutilation ; — jadi 1 , 
starved ; — 2 jada'a-t, stump of 
a maimed limb, &c. 

Wjtfh jad'd', f. of £^ ajda', muti- 
lated. 

(«_*j->) jadaf, i, inf. jadf, cut off ; 
throw ; move the hands about 
in walking fast ; walk fast ; 
mark the tact; run in short 
leaps ; — u, inf. judHf, fly with 
clipped wings ; — 11. inf. tajdif, 
make slight of or not believe in 
God's kindness and mercy; 
blaspheme ; — iv. inf. ijddf, 
raise a cry, clamour. 

*-**+ jadaf, pi. ajddf, tomb ; wine ; 
foam, dregs, dirt ; — S jadafa-t, 
noise, clamour. 

(wW) joddl 9 i, it, inf. jadl, make 
firm, twist tight ; twist ropes ; 
grow and thrive vigorously; 
get full and bend to the ground 
(ears) ; throw on the ground ; 
melt fat ; — n. inf. tajdil, throw 
to the ground ; — in, inf. mvjd- 



dala-t, jiddl, quarrel, dispute; — 
iv. inf. ijddl, have a young one 
able to follow its mother ; cheer 
up ; — v. inf. tajaddul, be tightly 
twisted ; fall on the ground"; 
stretch one's self on the ground ; 

— vi. inf. tajddul, quarrel, dis- 
pute amongst each other ; — 
vii. inf. injiddl, be twisted, 
plaited ; be thrown down. 

J-*> jadl, tomb ; twisting, plaiting 
(8.) ; syllogism, logic conclusion; 
also jidl, pi. ajdcil, judiil, bone ; 
sinew ; limb, member ; — jadal, 
quarrel, dispute ; demonstration ; 
dialectics ; — jadil, quarrelsome ; 
disputant ; — judul, pi. of J**> 
jadil ; — judl, pi. and— 

$*+> jadld\ f. of J^ ajdal, grace* 
ful, handsome, Ac. 

jjW jadaliyy, quarrelsome; dis- 
putant; object of quarrel or 
litigation. 

(f**0 jadam, u, inf. jadm, wither 
after producing good fruit ; cut 
off ; — iv. inf. ijddm, urge on 
a horse ; — vn. inf. injiddm, be 
cut off. 

(o*^) j<idan, pleasantness of voice ; 

— iv. inf. ijddn, get rich. 
()*+) jadd, u, inf. jadw, be use- 
ful, good for, fit; give; de- 
mand ; — iv. ijdd\ give ; be 
useful, profitable to (ace.) ; — 
vin. inf. ijtidd', x. inf. Utijdd', 
demand. 

y*+jadw, 8 , herd ; cattle. 

**>)** jadub, dry, sterile, arid ; — S 
juduba-t, sterility, aridity ; dearth, 
scarcity. 

J^ jadwal, jidwal, pi. jadawil, 
brook, streamlet, canal ; rubric ; 
column of a page ; astronomical, 
statistical, Ac, tablets; para- 
digm; model; almanac. 

ft*+ jaddum, pi. jadddim, hammer 
(m.). 

<^J-> jadwa, gift, present ; profit, 
advantage ; abundant rain. 

(<J^) j*d a > A > mv.jady, demand ; 

— rv. inf. ijdd% flow. 



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<s*+ 



224 



«-W 



<^^ jadan, gift, bounty ;" — jady, ' 
pi. «M ajd-in, ajdi, jidd\ jidydn, j 
jaddya-t, kid ; he-goat ; Capri- 
corn ; — judayy, polar star ; — 
jaddiyy, of or by a. grandfather ; 

— juddiyy, fortunate, prosper- 
ous, rich; — 8 jadya-t, pi. jad- 
ydt, also jadiyya-t, pi. jaddyd, 
stuffing of a saddle, cloth placed 
under the saddle ; blood. 

s-e^ jadiby arid, sterile. 

±i±+ jadid, 8, pi. judud, new ; 
fresh ; modern ; prosperous, 
rich; surface of the ground ; 
death ; du. aUjadiddn, day and 
night; — 8 jadtda-t^h**- jad- 
ya-t. 

£** jadir, 8 , pi. -un, judard', fit, 
worthy, proper ; becoming ; 
afflicted with small-pox ; walled 
in; — 8 jadira-t, enclosure of 
stone; nature. 

J*J^ jadil, pi. judul, rein, bridle ; 
girdle ; — 8 jadila-t, pi. jadd'il, 
plait, tress, braid of hair ; any- 
thing plaited or twisted ; bird's 
cage; manner, state, condition; 
region ; a garment. 

(^.) jazz, u, in p. jazz, hasten ; 
cut off at the root; pluck; 
destroy ; — n. inf. tajziz, invite 
in vain to follow; — vn. inf. 
injizdz, viii. inf. ijtizdz, get 
cut or plucked off. 

•V jazz, pi. ajzdz, niece, morsel; 

— 8 juzza-t, strip of cloth, 
patch. 

\&+ jazzd\ broken ; interrupted ; 
separated; — jizd\ pi. of ^W 
jdzi and 8yV jazvoa-t ; — 8 jazdt, 
pi. jizd\ root of a tree. 

^>\^t jazdb, death; — jazzdb, at- 
tracting powerfully, attractive. 

«tt«V jazdz, cutting off, extirpating 
(s.) ; also 8 jazdza-t, superiority ; 

— also jizdz, juzdz, 8 jazdza-t, 
&c., pi. -dt t particle, portion; 
pi. gold-dust. 

f\W juzdm, elephantiasis, leprosy ; 

— 8 juzdma-t, stubble j chaff. 



(/•W) juzdmir, breaking a con- 
tract. 

^•^ jazdmir, pi. of ;y»^ juzmur. 

(v>*V) jazab, i, inf. jazb, stretch, 
extend ; attract, draw off, take 
away ; win, captivate ; drag 
along ; draw (a sword) ; cause 
to change place ; take the young 
from its dam ; sip water ; make 
eager; have little milk; be 
passed for the greater part; 

— u, get the better in pulling 
one another ; — in. inf. jizdb, 
mujdzaba-t, contend, combat, 
vie in pulling; try to wrest 
from; cause to change places; 

— v. inf. tajazzub, sip, drink; 
(m.) stretch one's self; be an- 
noyed, wearied ; — vi. inf. 
tajdzub, pull alternately or vie 
in pulling; contend, combat, 
vie; be drawn off, transferred; 

— vn. inf. injizdb, be drawn 
off, taken away, carried away, 
transferred ; tear one's self 
away from (^ K an) ; walk 
fast; — viii. inf. ijtizdb, attract, 
draw, draw out ; take greedily ; 
strive for; rob; transfer from 
one place to another. 

s->^ jazb, attraction ; fast walk- 
ing J — * jazba-l, pi. jazabdt, 
long stretch of road ; attraction ; 
passion ; pi. charms, allure- 
ments. 

e)V».^» jizibbdn, string of a sandal 
between the big toe and the 
second one. 

(^J^) jazjaz, inf. 8, out off at 
the root. 

(jW) jazar, u, inf. jazr, lop, cut 
off; up-root; — n. inf. tajzir, 
iv. inf. ijzdr, id.; n. extract 
the quadratic or cubic root; — 
vn. inf. injizdr, be cut off, 
up- rooted. 

j^. jazr f jizr, pi. juzur, root, 
origin ; quadratic or cubic root ; 
ebb. 

(£•**) ,w<*S A > INF ' wS snut U P 
the cattle without food; tie 



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*T>A 



chew the cud ; — x. inf. Utijrdr, 
draw or take to one's self ; sub- 
mit ; pay by instalments. 

j* jarr, foot of a mountain ; 
valley ; cave ; basket ; oblique 
case ; pulling (s.), pull ; stretch- 
ing, lengthening, extending (s.) ; 
— 8 jarra-t, pi. jarr, jirdr, water- 
jug ; bread baked in the ashes ; 
— jirra-t, pull ; expedition, mi- 
gration ; pi. ajirra-t, cut ; — 
jur'a-t, boldness, courage. 

\/t jard', jird', bloom or pride of 
youth ; youth ; gherkins;— Jim', 
inf. in. of (<£/*) ; pi. of ()/*) ; 
— jarrd', good courser, racer ; 
very swift ; crime, transgres- 
sion ; — 8 jur'a-t, jara'a-t, bold- 
ness, courage. 

*r>W jirdb, pi. jurub, jurb, ajriba-t, 
leathern sack, knapsack; scro- 
tum ; — pi. of **>ft- jarib ; — 
jurdb, empty ship ; — 8 jirdba-t, 
pi. -dt, stocking, sock. 

cV* J arr fy> surgeon ; — 8 jardha-t, 
art of a surgeon ; — jirdha-t, pi. 
jirdh, wound; pus ; — ^sjarrdhiyy, 
surgical. 

°V* j^rdd, 8, locusts; — jarrdd, 
polisher of copper- ware ; — S 
jurdda-t, rind, skin ; leaf. 

C^t^/j- jarddin, pi. of q\4j* jarddn. 

j\y* jarrdr, who pulls, draws, or 
drags anything ; numerous ; 
bold robber or warrior; impu- 
dent beggar ; seller of buckets ; 
(m.) drawer (of a chest, &c.) ; 
— S jarrdra-t, large army ; scor- 
pion. 

jty* jurdz, sharp ; voracious. 

v^V* jurrdi, pi. of J^W- jdrid. 

fi^f* jurddim, glutton, great 
eater. 

«-*\^ jurdf, jirdf, a measure for 
solid 8 ; jurdf, carrying every- 
thing along; voracious; — jar- 
rd/, sweeper. 

«iNj*. iy min jardka (JarrdJca), for 
your sake. 

(bftjar&m, harvest of dates ; stones 
of dates ; dry dates ; — jirdm, 



pi. of fUfi* jartm ; — jurrdm, pi. 
of ftW jdrim, name of a fish. 
>*V* jardmiz, pi. trunk of the body 
and feet. 

<j±*\f*jurdmid, unhealthy, unwhole- 
some. 

y^ft- jardmiz, pi. of )y*r> jurmuz. 

Jfe^V- jardmiq, pi. oi J**/*- jarmuq. 

oV* jirdn, pi. jurun, ajrina4, fore- 
neck, neck. 

(^\j*.) jurdhim, bulky, massy. 

***V* jardhiya-t, shrill voice ; 
noise ; important ; excellent. 

^V* jardyd, pi. of S&iy* jarVa-t. 

vj^fy*- jard'ihiyy, surgeon. 

cdfy*. y+ min jard'xka=z<&\fi' ($* 
min jardka, 

ZtSf*- jardya-t, course, run ; also 
jirdya~t, representation, deputa- 
tion ; — jirdya-t, salary ; — jard- 
ya-t, jirdya-t, &*&/* jard'iya-t, 
boldness, audacity ; tire of 
youth. 

(v>j*») jarib, a, inf. jarab, have 
the mange; be rusty; have 
mangy camels; have a devas- 
tated country ; — n. inf. tajrib, 
experience, test, put to the test, 
probe ; get wise by experience ; 
— iv. inf. ijrdb, have mangy 
cattle; — v. inf. tajarrub, be 
put to the test, probed, tried. 

^>/f jarab, mange, scab, itch ; 
rust ; blame ; rebuke ; — jarib, 
pi. jirdb, jurb, mangy, scabious ; 
— jurb, pi. of s^>f±\ ajrab, mangy, 
&c. ; pi. of ^Ay* jirdb ; — jarrab, 
short, little, small ; flatterer ; 
cheat ; — 8 jirba-t, pi. jirdb, sown 
field ; leathern cover for protec- 
tion of a well ; — jarabba-t, troop. 

^/* jarbd', heaven ; f. of ^>f*\ 
ajrab, mangy, &c. ; — jiribbd', 
jaribbd', front of a shirt. 

oV* jarbdn, pi. jarba, mangy, 
scabious ; — jirbdn, jurubbdn, 
scabbard ; sword-belt ; — jurub- 
ban, front of a shirt ; — 8 jirib- 
bdna-t, boisterous woman. 

0*;*) j&rbaz, inf. 8 , walk ; contract 
(n.) ; fall ; become a cheat. 



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y^> jurbuz, sly, cunning; cheat; 

—-8 jarbaza-t, slyness; ready 

wit. 
tff*- jarbu*, jerboa=£^ yarbiV. 
ijtfi-jarba, pi. of ^W jarbdn. 
Wj* jirbiyd 9 , soutn-east ; north 

(wind). 
( JW jarsal, inf. 8 , scatter. 
(/•*/►), ii. inp. tajarsum, take the 

largest part ; — n. and iv. inp. 

ijrinsdm, fall (from on high); 

assemble and cling to the place; 

shrink. 
ffft- jurswm, 8 jursuma-t, pi. jard- 

sim, root, origin ; root of the 

tongue ; noble extraction ; seat 

of the passions; earth round 

the root of a tree ; pi. grandees, 

lords ; jursuma-t, ant-nest. 
&>r> jir&i'a-t, wind-pipe; throat, 

larynx. 
(tr>) jcurij, a, inf. jaraj, be loose ; 

walk on hard ground ; — n. 

inp. tajrij, make loose, rickety. 
Gft juraj, 8 jaraja-t, hard ground ; 

causeway ; — jarij, loose, rickety ; 

— 8 jurja-t, pi. jurj, juruj, tra- 
velling-bag ; knapsack. 
.jV/* j ar j& r * roaring ; — jurjdr, 

ripe olives (m.); — 8 jarjdra-t, 

mill. 
(s-«*7*) jarjab, inf. 8 , eat ; empty. 
h-^j* jurjubb, ^)W/»- jurjubbdn, 

belly ; inside. 
y+f* jarjar, inp. 8 , gurgle ; quaff ; 

roar with a gurgling noise ; — 

ii. inp. tajarjur, drink with a 

gurgling noise, 
cr**^ firjis, wax ; sealing-wax ; 

book, leaf ; gnats, flies. 
(/*+/*) jarjam, inf. 8 , drink, eat ; 

tnrow down ; destroy ; — n. 

inf. tajarjum, fall in ruins ; 

let one's self down ; crouch ; 

get destroyed; eat and drink 

much. 
(ju^f* jurjumdn, glutton, great 

eater. 
.f*ft~ jurjdr, pi. jardjir, tall, gene- 
rous camel ; troop ; thunder, 
peal, roaring ; pi. grandees. 



u^tfrf* jirji8, Georges. 

(tr>) jarah, a, inf. jarh, wound; 
injure, hurt ; make sick, ill ; 
accuse a witness of telling a 
lie ; seize ; strive to obtain, 
obtain ; — jarih, a, inf. jarafy, 
be wounded ; be rejected ; — 
ii. inf. tajrih, inflict many and 
severe wounds; be on one's 
guard against being wounded; 
— vii. inf. injirdh, be wounded ; 
— viii. inf. ijtirdh, try to ob- 
tain; commit evil or draw it 
on one's self; (m.) perform 
miracles ; — x. inf. utijrdh, be 
deteriorated, corrupted. 

t/f jurh, 8, pi. jurufr, ajrdh, 
wound ; — ^ jarha, pi. of gtj* 
jarih. 

(fir>) J ar h> wheel ; pi. of t)t> juruh* 
catapult (m. from Pers.). 

(jy**) jarad, u, inf. jard, strip; 
peel ; shave ; card ; draw the 
sword ; eat up the grass ; eat 
locusts ; receive nothing or 
grudgingly after asking ; — 
jarid, a, inf. jarad, be naked, 
bare, hairless ; have little 
hair ; lose the hair ; wear out ; 
fade; get spoiled; be eaten up 
by locusts ; have eruptions or 
(pass.) colic after eating lo- 
custs; — ii. inf. tajrid, peel, 
pare ; strip ; draw the sword ; 
loose the flesh from the bones ; 
prune; wear threadbare clothes ; 
abstract, subtract ; separate, 
isolate; detach, send detached 
troops ; — v. inf. tajarrud, be 
peeled, pared, shelled, stripped ; 
undress ; free one's self from 
(i$* min) ; loose itself ; renounce 
worldly things; devote one's 
self entirely to (J li) ; be taken 
in abstract sense ; be separated, 
isolated ; resemble ; cease to 
ferment ; — vn. inf. injirdd, 
be stripped, peeled, shaved, 
worn out; have lost the hair;\ » 
be separated, isolated ; last 1 
long; depart; — viii. inf. ijti- * 



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v>j* 



rdd, draw the swords against 
each other and fight. 
*f* jard, shield; f. 8, pi. ajrdd, 
worn out, threadbare ; — jarad, 
baldness ; bare field, threadbare 
garment ; — jarid, 8 , without 
any vegetation ; — jurd, pi. 
jurud, high bare mountains ; 
— jurd, pi. \4y* jardd', f. of 
<*fA ajrad, bare, naked, &c. ; — 
8 jarda-t, detachment, detached 
troops ; military expedition, 
campaign ; escort ; — jurda-t, 
nakedness, bareness, baldness. 

q\4j* jurddn, pi. jarddin, penis of 
hoofed animals. 

(s^yO jardab, inf. 8, eat greedily; 
eat bread with one hand and 
push others back with the other 
hand. 

ofajft jardabdn, ^^ jardabiyy, 
eating greedily (ad].). 

(c**y*0 jardah, inf. 8 , stretch. 

J*>^ jirdahl, stout camel ; valley ; 
river-bed. 

jjy>. jardaq, ijardaqa-t, jA.jarddiq, 
a thin cake. 

(J^/O ja>rdal, inf. 2, stumble, 
fall. 

(r*b*0 j ar( ^ am f INF - *> ea *> ea * 

up ; gnaw, nibble ; talk much 
and fast ; be above sixty vears 
old. 

^f* jardiyy, belonging to a high 
mountain-chain. 

(»V0 jaraz, v, inf. jarz, harden in 
tumour form; — iv. inf. ijrdz, 
lead out, take out; separate; 
compel. 

*/*- jaraz, tumour ; — juraz, pi. 
jurzdn, jirzdn, also <$)*/>- jirzaun, 
pi. jardzin, field-mouse ; rat ; — 



jariz. 



8 , full of mice. 



0/0 j araz > u > INF - J arz > cu ^ °^» 
lop ; annihilate, kill ; kick ; 
sting, injure ; hurt by epigrams, 
&c. ; eat quickly ; — jaruz, inf. 
jardza-t, be voracious ; — iv. 
inf. ijrdz, have barren, rainless 
land ; be emaciated ; — vi. inf. 
tajdruz, hurt, insult, inveigh 



against each other; talk and 
act badly. 

)/► jarz, pi. ajrdz, without vegeta- 
tion, dry, barren ; — jirz, pi. 
juruz, ajrdz, a coarse garment; 
— jurz, pi. ajrdz, jiraza-t, club, 
staff, sceptre (Pers.) ; — 8 jar- 
za~t, jaraza-t, destruction, anni- 
hilation ; — jurza-t, pi. juraz, 
bundle of hay, Ac. ; sheave ; 
parcel, packet. 

(fif*) jarzam, dry bread. 

<2>3.r> jarzun, vine-branch, vine 
(m.). 

(u*r>) jaras, i, u, inf. jars, pro- 
duce a low sound; speak in a 
low voice ; lick ; suck ; — n. 
inf. tajris, speak in a low 
voice ; dishonour, put to shame; 
disgrace one's self; lead the 
criminal through the streets 
before execution ; render one 
experienced and well versed in 
a thing; — iv. inf. ijrds, pro- 
duce a low sound or noise, 
hum ; sing to the camels ; hear 
a low sound or noise ; — v. inf. 
iajarrus, speak in a low voice ; 
— viii. inf. ijtirde, strive for. 

{j^ft- jo>T8, jir8, low sound, under- 
tone ; — jirs, root, origin ; — 
jaras, pi. ajrds, bell ; — 8 jarsa-t, 
little bell, hand-bell; — jirea-t, 
disgrace, ignominy; dishonour- 
ing (8.). 
fL*^ jirsdm, pleurisy (?). 

rub and knead; comb; peel, 
pare; grind; run slowly; — 
vn. inf. injirdf, be coarsely 
ground ; — viii. inf. ijtirdJ, 
strive for, endeavour to earn; 
take, snatch, steal. 
(s-Ay*) jarfab, inf. 8, recover 
from an emaciating disease; 
have reached the turning age 
(woman). 

(r^O j& r t am > INP - *=(****)*) ; 

also = ([♦*;*)• 

^/f jiriSsa, soul ; anything ani- 
mate. 



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u*r> 



(u*>*) jarad, u, inf. jard, strangle, 
suffocate, smother; — jarid, A, 
inp. jarad* not be able to swal- 
low one's spittle from anxiety, 
grief, &c. ; be in an agony of 
grief, Ac. ; — iv. inf. ijrdd, cause 
one to feel the greatest anxiety, 
Ac. 

0**a) jo>r4am 9 emaciated tottering 
old man ; — jurdum, jirdamm, 
glutton, voracious eater. 

^/* jurda, pi. of u&2/^ jarid. 

(VO J ari t, a, inf. jarat, almost 
choke with a morsel. 

(f a) i am< » A > INP - J ar< ; —J ari< > 

a, inf. jara 1 , sip and swallow 
water ; — jari', a, inf. jara', be 
bold, daring, courageous; — n. 
inf. tajri', make one to eat or 
swallow a thing against his 
will ; encourage ; — iv. inf. 
ijrd ( , submit; incline; fall; — 
v. inf. tajarru', swallow, calm 
down, get tranquil ; show 
prowess ; — vm. inf. ijtinV, 
swallow with one gulp ; break 
by one effort ; — S jar l a4, 
jir'a-t, jur'a-t, draught of water ; 
draught; drink. 

(*-*/0 jvnft u > INF - J ar f> J ar f amt > 
take up and remove ; shovel or 
sweep away; scour; hew, hoe; 

— ii. inf. tajrif, carry away ; 
dig out ; — iv. inf. ijrdf, reach 
and wash against (flood) ; — 
v. inf. tajarruf, take much or 
all, take away, carry off ; — vii. 
inf. injirdf, be shovelled off ; 

— vm. inf. ijtirdf, take away, 
carry away. 

^ j* r f> INF - of O^a)* - frf* 
corner of the mouth; — jirf, 
jurf, place not reached by a 
flood ; —jurf, pi. ajrdf, jirafa-t, 
what is carried away by the 
water ; torn off or broken by a 
flood. 

(u~*f*) jarfa8, inf. 8, throw on 
the ground; take away every- 
thing ; eat much. 



0A 

(cr**0 jarkai, inf. 8 , embroider ; 
adorn, embellish (m.). 

(Ja) J ar M> A > INF - j^al f De y* T &'> 
stony; — iv. inf. ijrdl, hit on 
stones in digging. 
J/>- jaral, pi. ajrdl, stone; stony 

ground ; — jaril, £ , stony, 
(fj*) J aTam > x > INF - j arm > commit 
a crime ; sin ; sin against ; cut 
off, take away ; — inf. jarm, 
jirdm, jar dm, reap dates ; — inf. 
jarm, estimate the produce of 
the date-crop ; shear ; gain, 
earn; deserve; urge; — n. inf. 
tajrim, lop off, cut out; emi- 
grate ; — iv. inf. ijrdm, commit 
a crime, be guilty; be great; 
be pure; have a pure voice; 
stick, adhere; — v. inf. tajar- 
rum, be completed, passed ; 
impute falsely a guilt to (^ 
'ala) ; — vm. inf. ijtirdm, com- 
mit a crime ; cut off ; take 
away ; gather dates or estimate 
their produce ; gain, earn. 
I»j* jarm, inf. of (ft*)> cutting 
off, &c. ; pi. jurum, boat, barque 
(m.) ; — jar am, pi. ajrdm, sin, 
crime; py* 3 Id jaram-a (Id 
jurma), undoubtedly ; of course ; 
accordingly; — jirm, pi. jurum, 
jurum, ajrdm, body, bulk ; 
colour; sound; — jurram, pi. of 
fjW jdrim. 
Qr*f*- ji rm & n i body. 
(yf*) jarmaz, inf. S , contract 
(n.), close (n.), unite (n.); flee; 
— ii. inf. tajarmuz, happen to, 
fall to the share of, devolve 
upon (<Jks l ala) ; — in. ijramazz, 
inf. ijrimadz, contract, &c.=i. 
&*"*/*- jurmafaq, maple- tree. 
jy*A jurmuz, pi. jardmiz, cistern ; 
fountain-basin ; small house ; 
members of the body, see y\f>- 
jardmiz. 
jyf* jarmuq, galoche (Turk.). 
(oa) J aran > v > INF - juriin, grind ; 
be steady and zealous in any- 
thing, practise it ; be smoothed, 
polished ; — iv. inf. ijrdn, gather 



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dates from the drying-floor; — 
▼in. inf. ijtizdn, prepare a 
drying-floor. 

<ty* jurn, pi. ajrdn, drying-place, 
drying-floor ; mortar ; basin, 
font ; — jurun, pi. of q\j+ jardn 
and &y* jarin. 

( a j*) jarah, several dates on the 
same stalk; — n. inf. tajrih, 
make public, publish ; — v. inf. 
tajarruh, become public. 

(^U^) jirhds, tall, strong. 

(«**y*-) jarhad, jurhud, cheerful 
wanderer; — m. ijrahadd, inf. 
ijrihddd, hasten; stretch (n.), 
be long ; last ; be hard. 

GjO jarw, jirw, jurw, pi. jird\ 
ajr-in, ajri, ajrd\ pi. ajriya-t, 
whelp, cub; small fruit; any- 
thing little. 

(jfO J aru \ INF * jur'a-t, jura-t, 
jard'a-t, jarCCiya-t, jardya-t, be 
bold, courageous ; — n. inf. 
tajrV, embolden, encourage ; — 
▼. inf. tajarri, prove bold, 
courageous ; dare, venture ; — 
▼in. inf. ijtird', take courage 
and venture upon (<J^ l ala) ; 
— S jirwa-t, small cucumbers, 
gherkins ; coloquintida. 

oV* jirwdn, wine. 

•>#* jarud, worn, worn out 
(clothes). 

))f* j&rur, restive, refractory ; 
deep. 

iyf* J ar ^ Si i voracious. 

(<jAj^) jarauhaq, clew. 

(<^*-) jaw* *> INF » i a ^y> j amy an, 
jirya-t, flow ; — inf. jird\ jary, 
run; issue and take force 
(edict, <fec); be current; hap- 
pen, come to pass, take place ; 
fall to the share of (J li or <J^ 
'ala); for (V*")> be hold; — n. 
inf. tajriya-t, urge to run ; send 
or appoint as one's envoy, pleni- 
potentiary, governor; — n. and 
iv. render current, cause to 
circulate ; execute ; order the 
salary to be paid; settle an 
account ; — in. inf. jird\ tnujd- 



rdt, vie in running, walk or run 
with another ; concur ; agree ; 
— inf. ijrd\ to appoint (a 
salary, Ac.) ; introduce (a cus- 
tom, <fec.) ; have full-grown 
fruit ; — vi. inf. tajdri, vie in 
running, run or walk together ; 
concur; agree; — x. inf. is- 
tijrd 9 , beg another to be one's 
deputy, <fec. ; show one's self 
bold against (ace.). 

v4/*- jary* course, run; water- 
course ; diarrhoea, dysentery ; 
***V* CP* minjardk, **Vj*- ^ min 
jardik, for your sake, on your 
account ; — jar-an, jara, youth- 
fulness ; — jari'y jari, pi. jur'dt, 
ajrd', who advances boldly, ven- 
turesome ; — jariyy, pi. ajriyd\ 
youthful ; — jirriyy, pi. jardri, 
eel ; — 8 jirya-t, inf. of (<.$;*) ; 
— jirriyy a-t, crop of a bird. 

Vfc* jirriyd', course of events. 

si^ft jirydl, 8 jiryd2a4, colour of 
gold ; wine. 

fc>V* jirydn, id. ; — jaraydn, inf. 
of (tpt). 

s-ty* jarSb, pi. ajriba-t, jard'ib, 
j urban, a measure of corn ; a 
field- measure ; acre ; large river ; 
produce of a field, garden, Ac. 

«^S>j* jirris, eel. 

C4^ jarih, pi. jarha, wounded. 

^ifh jarid, branch of a palm-tree 
stripped of the leaves; staff, 
lance, spear ; full ; — 8 jarida-t> 
pi. jard'id, squadron, company 
of horse; scroll, register; di- 
ploma; rest. 

£f* jarir, pi. ajirra-t, leading-rope, 
rein ; strap ; — 8 jarira-t, pi. 
jardHr, sin, crime. 

(jtjt/j- jariS, coarsely ground or 
pounded; (m.) peeled grain or 
barlev. 

<jty*. jarid, suffocation, agony ; 
grief ; pi. jarda, grieved ; — 
jura'id, 8 , big. 

&*tj+ jurai'a-t, little draught, sip ; 
yiSb\ $ jurai'atu-'z-zaqani, last 
gasp. 



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*-**/► jarif, dry, withered. 

rt/* jarim, dry dates ; date-stones ; 
8 , pi. jirdm, bulky, yoluminous ; 
criminal, guilty; — 8 jarima-t, 
pi. jard'im, sin, guilt, crime; 
usurer ; punishment ; fine, 
mulct ; — jirrima-t, tail. 

(2^4^- jarin, pi. juran, drying- 
place, drying or threshing-floor ; 
ground (adj.). 

*£/> jari'a-t, pi. jardyd, jard'i, 
ambush or watching-place of a 
hunter ; — jirri'a-t, crop of a 
bird. 

()*) jazz, u, inf. jazz, jazza-t, 
jizza-t, shear, shave ; cut, mow ; 
reap, gather ; — inf. juzuz, 
begin to dry (n.) ; — iv. inf. 
ijzdz, have corn to be reaped, 
sheep to be shorn ; be ripe for 
harvest ; begin to J dry (n.) ; 
give to anyone (ace.) the pro- 
duce of the shearing ; — vn. 
inf. injizdz, get'.'shorn ; — vni. 
inf. ijtizdz, ijdizdz, cut off, shear, 
mow, reap ; — x. inf. istijzdz, be 
fit to be shorn, mown, reaped. 

y*. juz', pi. ajzd 9 , portion, part, 
particle, atom ; piece ; ingre- 
dient; division, section, volume 
of a work ; quire of paper ; foot 
of a verse; female slaves; — 8 
jizza-t, pi. jizaz, jizd'iz, shorn off 
wool, fleece ; shearing of the 
year ; — jizza-t, jazza-t, pi. -at, 
shearing ; J wool ; dates of the 
year; (m.) clippings; remainder 
of mulberry-leaves. 

(\y*) jaza', k, inf. jaz\ take a part 
of (ace.) ; divide ; be content 
with (v» hi) one thing instead 
of (&* 'an) another; tie up, 
fix, fasten; — <jy+ jazi, a, inf. 
jaz-an, be content with one 
thing instead of another ; — 11. 
inf. tajzV, tajziya-t, divide ; 
cause to be content with ... in- 
stead of ... ; suflice to (ace.) ; 
— iv. inf. ijzd', content (a.) ; 
cause one to be content, &c. ; 
put the ring on (J li, <j* ft) 



the finger ; have dense grass ; 
give birth to girls; put a 
handle to a knife ; — v. inf. 
tajazzi, be divided ; — v. and 
vni. ijtizzd', be content with 
(v» bi) instead of (0* 'an). 

\y* jazd\ requital, reward ; conse- 
quent proposition in a con- 
ditional sentence ; part, portion ; 
— jizd\ inf. in. of (<sp-) ; — 8 
juz'a-t, handle ; pole. 

(yAy*) jazdjiz, pi. the testicles. 

j\y* jazzdr, butcher; slaughterer; 
cut-throat ; tyrant ; — 8 jazdra-t, 
head and feet of a sacrificed 
animal; — jizdra-t, trade of a 
butcher ; butchery, slaughter, 
massacre. 

)\y* jazdz, jizdz, harvest; — jizdz, 
shearing (s.) ; — jvzdz, 8 juzd- 
za-t, pi. jazd'ir, gleanings, clip- 
pings, shavings, Ac. ; — jazzdz, 
shearer. 

&j+ juzd', impatient. 

*-t\y* jazdf, jizdf, juzdf, 8 jazdfa-t, 
Ac, approximate estimation ; 
buying in the lump; surmise, 
supposition ; by way of suppo- 
sition ; — jazzdf, fisherman. 

Jty»* jwdh jazdl, gathering of the 
dates ; — pi. of Jy* jazl and 
J*)* jazil ; — 8 jazdla-t, plenty, 
abundance ; eloquence ; mag- 
nificence ; high rank ; sharp 
intellect, penetration ; firmness ; 
energy. 

h\y* jizdya-t, taxation, tax. 

flyt jazd'ir, pi. of 8^. jazira-t and 

))Y+ JMM- 
fly* jazd'iz, pi. of Sjty*. juzdza-t. 
(v»yO jizb, share, portion; — juzb, 

pi. servants. 
(cyO jwah, ±> inf. jazh, set to 

work ; go to its lair ; beat the 

tree to make the leaves fall ; 

give a handsome present; give 

part of one's fortune to an^ 

other. 
ty* j<**h gift, present; — jazih, 

jazah, sharp, intelligent, pru- 

dent. 



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#► 



(j,y^) jazar, I, u, inf. jazr, jazdr, 
jizdr, cut, cut off ; — u, slaughter, 
kill, massacre ; — i, u, inf. jazr, 
subside, fall, ebb ; — iv. inf. 
ijzdr, give to kill ; be proper to 
be killed ; be near death ; be 
ripe for harvest ; — v. see vin. ; 

— vi. inf. tajdzur, inveigh 
against each other; — v. inf. 
tajazzur, viii. inf. ijtizdr, be left 
on the battle-field. 

jf*- j<wr, juzr, ebb ; sea ; — jazar, 
land exposed to floods ; also S 
jazara-t, sheep to be slaughtered ; 
— jazar, jazir, 2 , turnip; parsnip ; 
— juzur and — 

^>\ff juzur di, pi. of \$f* jaztir. 

^Y* jazariyy, insular ; islander ; 
Mesopotamian. 

)y* jazaz, anything cut ; — jizaz, pi. 
of fy* jizza-t. 

(&0 jo**S A > INF - /«S cross > 
traverse ; cut off ; give part of 
one's fortune to another ; — 
jazi 1 , a, inf. jaza 1 , juzih 1 , grow 
impatient under sufferings ; be 
sad, grieved, seized by fear ; be 
importunate, molest ; — n. inf. 
tajzi 1 , cut into slices or pieces; 
exhaust one's patience ; be ripe 
by two-thirds ; mark with black 
and white dots ; — iv. inf. ijzd 1 , 
render impatient; leave part; 

— v. inf. tajazzu 1 , get broken ; 

— vii. inf. injizd 1 , get broken, 
torn ; — viii. inf. ijtizd', break, 
cut, tear. 

£y* jaz 1 , jiz', 8, a shell; glass 
bead; onyx; pi. ajzd\ winding 
of valley, width of valley ; bee- 
hive ; — juz', saffron ; — juz 1 , 
jazi 1 , axis of a pulley ; — jaza', 
impatience ; fear ; — jazi 1 , jazu 1 , 
impatient ; — S jiz'a-t, small 
number or quantity ; a little 
water ; also jaz'a-t, part of the 
night; — jutfa-t, handle of a 
knife. 

(*-*>*) jazaf, estimate approxi- 
mately, surmise ; — in. inf. 
mujdzafa-t, buy or sell in a 



lump ; — v. inf. (ajazzuf, select ; 

— Tin. inf. ijtizdf, buy in a 
lump. 

(J)*) jcizal, i, inf. jazi, cut, cut 
through, cut off ; distribute ; 
cut asunder ; make sore ; — 
jazil, a, inf. jazal, be sore ; — 
jazul, be considerable, nume- 
rous, abundant ; be very pru- 
dent ; — rv. inf. ijzdl, make 
sore ; be liberal to (J li) ; give 
in addition. 

J)* jazi, liberal, generous ; intel- 
ligent, prudent ;= ^yt- jazil ; pi. 
juziil, ajzdl, jizdl, thick wood for 
burning ; — jizl, S jizla-t, bunch 
of dates; — 8 jazla-t, leathern bag 
for milk ; basket. 

fy+ jazam, i, inf. jazm, cut off, 
lop; break off; fulfil a vow or 
oath; mark a consonant with 
jazm ; pronounce or read slowly 
and distinctly ; fill ; impose ; 
estimate the produce of a palm- 
tree ; be discouraged and in- 
capable; conceal, keep silent 
about a matter ; — n. inf. 
iajzlm, fill ; be discouraged and 
incapable ; conceal ; — v. inf. 
tajazzum, be broken ; — vn. inf. 
injizdm, be cut off; be inter- 
rupted, left undone ; be broken ; 
be marked with jazm; be solved ; 
— vin. inf. ijtizdm, estimate the 
produce of a palm-tree ; receive 
part of a fortune ; buy. 

£)*- jazm, cutting off (s.) ; also 
jazma-t, absence of a vowel and 
sign thereof i. ; shortened aorist ; 
equality of the characters in 
writing; pen with a broad nib; 
decision; apodictical proposition ; 
— jizm, 8 jizma-t, part, portion, 
share ; jizma-t, herd ; (m.) boot ; 

— i jazma-t, a single meal. 
(0>*O J am i pi« fl/stw, thick wood 

for burning. 
iff*) jwh u > INF » J<muj, subdue, 
subjugate; — i, inf. jaza, re- 
quite, reward, punish; suffice; 
pay ; — in. inf. jizd\ mujdzdt, 



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requite; wish to anybody that 
God may reward him ; — iv. 
inf. ijzd', suffice ; satisfy ; sup- 
ply another's place insufficiently ; 
put a handle to a knife ; — vi. 
inf. tajdziy requite or satisfy 
one another; get rewarded or 
punished ; press one to do a 
thing; demand the payment of 
a debt; — vin. inf. ijtizd\ ask 
for a reward or requital; do 
what is agreeable to another ; 
requite; be zealous and perse- 
vering in a matter. 

jtft* jazur, pi. jazd'ir, juzur, juzurdt, 
animal to be slaughtered ; camel 
for a sacrifice. 

fry* jazm 7 I jazuza-t, shorn or to 
be shorn. 

tjp-ja&d', impatient. 

i£)Y* jvawiyy, pi. juzwiyya-t, small 
portion, trifle; a little of; un- 
important. 

(e&*) ja**, *> iNF-ia^f = (j0*). 

<jy* jazi', sufficient ; — juzy and Jyt 
juz'iyy, particle, small quantity, 
a little ; f . $ , partly, in a small 
quantity ; special, particular ; pi. 
juziyydt, particles, trifles, details; 
— 5 jizya-t, pi. jizy, jiza, jizd' t 
capitation-tax ; custom-tax ; pro- 
duce of the ground. 

jty* jizzir, butcher ; slaughterer ; 
tyrant; — 8 jazira-t, pi. jazd'ir, 
island ; peninsula ; land exposed 
to floods; al'jazira-t, Mesopo- 
tamia; al-jazd'ir, Algiers; $}\ 
va^jJlafeN al-jazd'iru 'l-hdliddtu, 
the Canary Islands. 

$y* jaziz, cut, shorn ; — 2 jaziza-t, 
tuft of wool. 

fotyt- jazi'a-t, separate part ; — 
juzai'a-t, small flock of sheep. 

<-Aiyt* jaztf, fishing-net ; buying in 
a lump. 

J*/*" j az tt> pl- fadl, much, many, 
numerous, abundant ; great ; 
eloquent; energetic. 

(v***) joss, feel, touch ; investigate, 
spy out ; — v. inf. tajassus, 



vin. inf. ijtwda, id. ; touch or 
seize with the lips. 
</-* jas\ rough skin ; ice. 

(L-*) J08a\ A, INF. jU8'a-t, JU8U% 

be hard ; get dry and callous. 

W ja£d\ callous; — S jus'a-t, 
callousness. 

jL-9. jisdd, saffron ; — jusdd, belly- 
ache. 

gjL-*. jasdra-t, f oolhardiness. 

u*W ja88a8, prying inquirer ; 
Bpy. 

pL^. jisdm, pi. of (*#~ * jasim ; — 
jasdm, corpulent, bulky ; — 8 
ja8dma-t, corpulence ; bulk, 
bulkiness ; importance. 

q\~+ jussdn, pi. players on the 
tambourine. 

(ju*^) jasid, a, inf. jasad, stick, 
adhere ; — n. inf. tajsid, iv. 
ijsdd, cause to adhere, glue; 
pass, be impregnated ; — v. inf. 
tajassud, embody one's self, take 
flesh and blood. 

ju~v jcuad, pi. ajsdd, jusitd, body, 
flesh ; blood ; saffron ; the 
golden calf ; — jasad, jasid, 
coagulated. 

^ju-^ jasaddniyy, <^~^ jasdiyy, 
bodily, corporeal ; carnal, ma- 
terial. 

(j~+) jasar, u, inf. jascura-t, dare, 
venture boldly ; be foolhardy ; 
inf. ju8ur, jasdra-t, leave off 
covering (stallion) ; walk ; travel 
over or through ; build a bridge ; 
— ii. inf. tajsir, render bold, 
brave ; — vi. inf. tajdsur, venture 
boldly, be foolhardy; vie in 
boldness ; stretch one's self, 
lift up the head ; brandish a 
stick ; — vin. inf. ijtisdr, travel 
over, across ; sail. 

X~+ J a8r > J isr > pl- a J mr > J u8l i r > 
bridge; dam; causeway; (m.) 
supporting-beam ; — jasr, 8 , big 
and strong; brave -—jutr, jumr, 
pi. of jy~** ja,8ur. 

(v^**.) jaerab, long. 

(£—►) jasa', A, inf. joe 4 , chew the 

30 



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j**-* 



cud ; vomit ; — viii. inf. ijfad', 
id. 

(^-^) ja8am, inf. ja,8dma4, be 
bulky, big, corpulent ; — n. inf. 
taJ8im, make big, corpulent, 
bulky ; increase ; exaggerate ; 
bring into bodily shape, in- 
corporate, embody ; — v. inf. 
taja,88um, be or grow corpulent, 
bulky ; be incorporated, em- 
bodied, incarnate ; assault ; 
travel to ; elect ; undertake 
anything great; begin a thing 
at the principal and most diffi- 
cult part; ascend a mountain 
on the steepest side. 

j*— ^ fam, pi. ajsdm, jusum, body ; 
substance ; bulk, mass. 

^U— * jusmdn, body ; bulk ; mass ; 
— ^$ ja8mdniyy, bodily ; material ; 
— h jismdniyya-t, corporality ; 
materiality. 

& *+* * jivmiyya-t, corporality ; ma- 
teriality. 

(j~^) jasd, U, INF. JU8UWW, jd8W, 

be hard ; — inf. l~* jasan, 
jusuvno; get dry, wither; — 
inf. jusutvw, grow decrepit ; 
freeze ; — in. inf. mujdsdt, be 
hostile to (ace). 

jy~+ ja,8ur, pi. ju8r, ju8ur> bold, 
courageous, brave. 

£y~* jusiV, niggardliness. 
»ja8id, coagulated. 
* jasU, spy. 

jasim, pi. ji8dm 9 bulky, cor- 
pulent ; important, difficult ; 
highly esteemed. 

(tr*) j a ^> v 9 INr « j a ^ s > pound, 
grind coarsely ; beat ; clean, 
sweep ; shed ; — iv. inf. ijMS, 
pound, grind; be covered with 
densely grown plants. 

yt* jate, middle of the desert ; 
middle of the body ; stony 
ground ; — juit, pi. jiMf, moun- 
tain-chain ; an hour of the 
night ; — ja$\ pi. jafdt, ajM\ 
light bough, branch ; much, 
many ; — S jatia-t, brothers, 
relations ; servants ; also jusfa-t, 



troop of travellers; departure; 
— jui£a-t 9 loud noise, tumult; 
violent sneezing. 

(l&*») jasa', a, inf. jusu\ y*** jutf, 
jaia\ be deeply moved ; belch ; 
emigrate ; darken (n.), threaten, 
lurk, impend ; — n. inf. tajsi'a-t, 
v. tajaSSu\ belch; — viii. inf. 
ijtiM\ not suit, not feel com- 
fortable in a place (ace). 

\a+ jusd', S juJa'a-t, belching ; ir- 
ruption. 

jl&^. juMr, cough ; — jaSidr, owner, 
possessor ; — ^ jaiidriyy, menial 
taking care of the cattle. 

£*U*h jasdma-i, heavy work. 

(s~W) jaiab, inf. jatib, grind 
coarsely ; break ; spoil, render 
vile, humiliate ; — u, also jasib, 
a, inf. jatob, be coarse and 
without a by-dish (food) ; — 
jaivb, inf. juSuba-t, be coarse 
and bad. 

s-***» jatb, coarse food ; — juJb, 
skin of an orange. 

(( j fr^A ri ) jatfati, inf. 8 , clean. 

lytt) jaiar, u, inf. jasr 9 drive the 
cattle to the pasture and leave 
it there all night ; let the horses 
graze in front of the house; 
leave, leave behind ; — inf. juMr 9 
break forth, shine ; — jasir, A, 
inf. jafar, be hard and rugged ; 
also pass, have a cough or 
hoarseness ; — n. inf. tajtiir, 
drive the cattle to the pasture. 

y±+ jafar, herds on the pasture- 
ground ; spring-herbs ; bache- 
lor ; hoarseness ; — jus'r, pi. 
\j&+ jasrd', f. of j^A ajtor, 
hoarse coughing ; — 8 jusra-t, 
hoarseness. 

(gA*) jaM 1 , a, inf. jafa', be 
greedy ; covet violently and 
want to take from another ; — 
v. inf. tajaiiu 1 , id. ; — vi. inf. 
tajd&i', quarrel about the water. 

g*W jafa', envious greed ; — ja&i 1 , 
greedy. 

(p&*t) jasim, a, inf. jaSm, jaMma-t 9 
toil at (ace.) ; — n. inf. tajs'im, 



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235 



iv. inf. ijtem, put a heavy 
burden or hard work upon (two 
ace.) ; — v. inf. taja£sum=i; 
undertake anything toilsome or 
dangerous. 

f*£*. jaim, jaSam, jusam, burden ; 
grief ;— ; jatiam, fatness ; — jufam, 
basket ; belly ; heaviness ; — 
jusurriy pi. fat people. 

ir»&» jaiUy coarsely ground; — 
also 8 jasisa-t, groats. 

(u*0 jass, i, inf. jass, sigh and 
lament; — n. inf. tajsis, cover 
with mortar, cement, gypsum, 
plaster ; parquet ; open the eyes ; 
sprout, spring up ; fill up ; at- 
tack ; — vin. inf. ijtisds, live 
close to each other. 

u°* W?> fa?* gypsum ; chalk, 
mortar, cement. 

goW jassds, mason, parqueter, 
plasterer ; seller of gypsum, 
chalk, cement. 

(u 4 *) J a 44> u > h 3 a 44> swagger in 
walking ; (m.) clamour, cry 
out ; — also n. tajdid, attack 
with a sword or lance; run 
very fast ; — 2 jadda-t, clamour, 
noise (m.). 

((+*+) jwjum, glutton, voracious 
eater ; — hence v. inf. tajaddum, 
seize with the mouth. 

(W) jazz , u, inf. jazz, push back, 
drive away ; throw to the 
ground; lie with a woman; be 
short and fat ; run fast ; render 
anxious, sorrowful ; — iv. inf. 
ijzdz, be proud. 

(CO i a "> u > INF< J a "> eat ^rth, 
clay ; pelt with clay ; — 8 ji'a-t, 
beer. 

^U* ja"db, is ja'Uibiyy, maker 
of quivers ; — S ji"dba-t, his 
trade. 

jW ja'dr, hyena ; — ji'dr, rope. 

«*iU* ju l df, torrent. 

JU*. ji'dl, pi. ju'ul, also S ja'dla-t, 
ji'dla-t, ju'dla-t, pi. ja'd'il, pay- 
ment, pay, wages ; bribe ; (m.) 
pension. 

^ W ja'dnis, pi. beetles. 



(s-«**) ja'ab, i, inf. ja'b, throw 
down ; make quivers ; gather ; 
turn, turn round (a.) ; — n. 
inf. taj'ib, throw down ; — v. 
inf. taja"ub, vn. inf. inji'db, 
pass, of the last ; — S ja'ba-t, 
pi. ji'db, quiver ; (m.) barrel of 
a gun. 

(/***) jn'bar, inf. S , throw down. 

(j~t*+ ju'bus, [j*y**e& ju'bte, stupid. 

&***• ja'bala-t, haste, hurry. 

*T>yt*> ju'biib, pi. ja l bdbib, the black 
part of a wick. 

& ***» ja'taba-t, greed, avidity, 
covetousness. 

((****) ja'sam, lean ; weak ; — n. 
inf. taja'sum, contract (n.), 
shrink, draV in. 

£W** ja'jd', narrow, uncomfort- 
able place ; prison ; battle- 
field. 

(g***) ja'ja-', inf. S, bring to a 
narrow uncomfortable place, 
confine, shut up ; hold fast ; 
be in such a place ; slaughter ; 
make the camels kneel down 
or rise ; clapper ; — n. inf. 
tajaju 1 , throw one's self on the 
ground from pain. 

(**+) ja'ud, inf. j a 1 dda-tyju'iida-t, 
be curly; — n. inf. taj'id, curl 
(a.), frizzle ; dress the hair ; 
wrinkle, rumple; have project- 
ing muscles or bones ; — v. inf. 
taja"ud, be curly, frizzled, 
wrinkled ; be contracted. 

•>** ja'd, 8 , pi. ji'dd, curly, curly- 
haired ; curl, lock of hair ; 
crooked; liberal, and, by oppo- 
sition, miserly ; — 8 ja'da-t, curl, 
lock of hair ; curly-haired (f .) ; 
S4a*. f\ abn ja'da-t, wolf. 

£)j*4* ju'daba-t, water-bubbles ; 
spider's web. 

(jj*^) ja'dar) short, small. 

( Jjk*».) ja'dal, strong, brave. 

i^Aft*. ja'zariyy, voracious. 

(j**) ja'ar, a, inf. ja'r, drop 
excrement ; (m.) low, bellow ; 
— v. inf. taja"ur, tie a rope 



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round the waist; — vn. inf. 
inji'dr=i. 

(lt*0 ja>'<i8, ease the bowels ; — 
v. inp. iaja"ue, consider impure ; 
talk ribaldry to (J li). 

{j***- ja's, excrement, dung ; place 
where it falls. 

(j*^*^ ju'mls, pi. ja'dsis, little, 
small, contemptible. 

<t*&«9 ja'sab, long and thick. 

(*&** ja'fam, middle, placed in the 
middle. 

(W) ja'az, a, inp. ja'z, repel ; — 
iv. inf. ij'dz, id. ; flee. 

jVL*^ ji'zdr, 8 ji'zdra-t, dwarf; 
boaster. 

(j±*+) ja'zar, inp. 8 , run clumsily ; 
flee. 

<jjt** ja'zariyy=Jk>*+ ji'zdr. 

(UU*) ja'af, a, inp. ja'f, throw to 
the ground ; cut down ; tear or 
pluck out ; — iv. inp. ij'df, 
throw to the ground ; — vn. 
inp. inji'df, be torn out ; — viii. 
inp. ijti'df, tear out. 

(y^) ja'far, brook, rivulet ; river, 
stream ; e $\ abu ja'far, fly. 

ky<*^ ja'fariyya-t, art of a sooth- 
sayer. 

(J*«^) ja'fal, inp. 5, strike one 
dead from his horse. 

(J*0 ja'al, ±> inp. ja% put, 
place, pile ; put upon ( J* 'ala, 
J li); give; — inp. ja'l, ju'l, 
ja'dla-t, ji'dla-t, make, do ; 
effect, prepare, produce; instal, 
name ; take for, consider, deem ; 
invest (capital, &c.) ; fix (as 
payment, wages, a pension) ; 
make a condition for ( Jc 'ala) ; 
undertake, begin ; — n. inp. 
taj'il, assemble (a.) ; gather 
(n.) ; — hi. inp. mujd'ala-t, 
give a bribe ; — iv. make, 
effect ; fix and pay wages ; drop 
young ones ; be hot ; abound in 
dung-flies ; — vi. inp. tajd'ul, 
agree for wages or a payment ; 
— vn. inp. inji'dl, be placed, 
put; — viii. inp. ijti'dl, place, 
put, pile ; make, do ; be done, 



effected ; receive wages ; — x. 
inp. istij'dl, be hot (bitch). 

J**- ja% * > small palm-tree ; 
palm-shoot ; adulteration ; — 
ju'l, pi. aj'dl, pay ; pension ; 
present ; — ju'al, pi. ji'ldn, 
dung-fly ; scarabseus ; common, 
mean ; watchman ; — ju'ul, pi. 
of J\*+ji'dl 

(«*XW) ja'laky inp. 8, crumple 
(m.). 

<jW ja'liyy, adulterated, false, not 
genuine. 

(*•**) i a 'am, have an appetite ; 
muzzle; — ja'im, a, inp. ja'm, 
ja'am, desire strongly, have 
great appetite, and, by oppo- 
sition, have no appetite ; have 
a thick voice; lose the teeth 
from old age ; — rv. inp. ij'dm, 
up-root; be bare, grazed off; 
— v. inp. taja"um, desire. 

(k**0 ju'muz, old miser. 

((£**) ja'an* inf. ja'n, contract 
(n.), get wrinkled ; relax or be 
relaxed; — rv. inf. ij'dn, be 
hard and fat. 

(s-****) ja'nab, small, dwarfish. 

(j*0 J a< d> u > INF - j&'w* gather 
dung in a heap ; — ja'w, heap, 
dung-hill. 

8*>j«q> ju'uda-t, curliness. 

Jj«* ju'ul, pay ; pension. 

^^tP+ju'aiddiyy, men of the popu- 
lace (m.). 

&**+ ja'ila-t, pi. ja'd'il, pay ; (m.) 
flock of sheep ; company of 
herdsmen. 

**Myk* jagrdfiyya-t, geography (m.). 

(U*) jaff, i, a, also for jafif, a, 
inp. jafdf, jufuf, dry, get dry, 
wither ; — u, inp. jaff, collect 
and take away ; — n. inp. tajfdf, 
tajfif, dry thoroughly (a.) ; put 
the war-armour on a horse ; 
move the wings ; — v. inf. 
tajaffuf, be dry ; — viii. inp. 
ijtifdf, eat up, drink out. 

juff, calyx of the palm ; large 
number, crowd; anything hol- 
low, hollow tooth ; case ; bucket ; 



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237 



vK 



— * jaffa-t, juffa-t, numerous 
cavalcade, crowd ;— juffa-t, large 
bucket. 

(W) jafa\ a, inf. jaf, throw up 
mud, foam, <fcc. ; scum ; empty 
the pot into a plate ; lock, and, 
by opposition, open the door; 
eradicate ; throw to the ground ; 

— iv. inf. ijfd', v. tajaffi, throw 
up mud, foam, <fec. ; lock or 
open; wear out and starve a 
beast of burden ; throw down ; 

— viii. inf. ijtifd', tear out by 
the root and throw away. 

W jafd'y tyranny, cruelty, op- 
pression ; boorishness ; misuse ; 
— jufd', what is carried away 
by the stream ; foam ; empty 
ship ; what is in vain ; jufd'an, 
in vain. 

&*+ jaffdfr, proud boaster. 

^^•jafdsa-t, stomach-ache. 

JU* jufdl, also S jufdla-t, foam, 
scum ; what is carried away by 
a stream ; jufdla-t, fleeing 
crowd ; — jufdl, thick hair ; — 
juffdl, pi. oijdfil. 

**W jufdya-t, empty ship. 

(va^»), viii. inf. ijtifdt, take 
everything away, carry off, re- 
move. 

«*** juft, a pair. 

(ij^A^) jaf jaf, inf. » , hold firm, 
retain, seize, gather and keep 
together ; — n. inf. tajafjuf, 
ruffle the feathers, covering the 
eggs with the wings; be half 
dry. 

»- A^&» jaf jaf, low ground ; plain ; 
violent ; raving, in delirium. 

(&*) J a f a h> A » INF - J a fk> boast ; 
be proud ; hasten, hurry ; — in. 
inf. mujdfafta-t, boast to. 

(/*) j a f ar > v > INF - J a f r * ^8° y *> x -> 
be full grown, four months old 
(lamb) ; — u, inf. jufiir, be 
wide, spacious ; be inflated ; 
recover ; — iv. inf. ijfdr=zi. ; 
keep apart from one's wife ; be 
concealed; neglect; leave off; 

— x. inf. istijfdr=i.; blow. 



y^ jafr, art of soothsaying ; — 
also S jafra-t, pi. jifdr, jafara-t, 
jufiir, ajfdr, spacious and half- 
full well ; full-grown lamb ; f. 
S, pi. jafara-t, child beginning 
to eat ; — S jufra-t, pi. jufur, 
jifdr, middle; inside; hollow, 
hole ; belly ; bulk ; large dis- 
trict ; — <j jafriyy, spathe of the 
palm (also jufurra) ; soothsayer ; 
maker of amulets. 

O**) J a f z > quick step. 

(u-*^) jafis, a, inf. jaf ob, jifdsa-t, 
suffer from indigestion, have a 
stomach-ache. 

cr**- jifs, jafis, degenerate ; stupid. 

(\f**) jafus, inf. jufusa-t, be sour, 
acid (m.). 

u°^ j a fi?y sour, acid ; refractory, 
obstinate (m.). 

(W) jafz, filling up, being full, 
fulness ; cable. 

(£&►) jaf a 1 , a, inf. jaf, throw to 
the ground. 

(J*0 j a fah v, inf. juful, walk 
along with a light and swift 
step ; run ; flee ; shy and run 
away ; blow violently ; put to 
flight ; be dishevelled ; — i, 
inf. jafl, peel, skin, loose the 
flesh from the bones ; shovel 
away ; throw out ; throw to 
the ground ; chase, carry along ; 
burn (a.) ; — n. inf. tajfil, put 
to flight, frighten ; peel ; re- 
move ; — iv. inf. ijfdl, run 
away, flee, speed off; urge to 
speed ; put to flight ; frighten ; 
— v. inf. tajafful, ruffle the 
feathers of the neck ; flee ; 
tremble with fear ; — vn. inf. 
injifdl, hasten away ; hurry by ; 
be carried along swiftly ; disap- 
pear. 

J** j a fli f s ar J alarm ; flight ; 
timid ; rain-cloud ; pi. juful, 
black ant; ship. 

yto+jajldn, timid, timorous. 

jaftaqa-t, hypocrisy ; dissimu- 
lation. 



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J* 



{J*+ jafla, commonalty; general 
(invitation), opposed to «^y& 
naqra. 

((^0 jafan, u, inf. jafn, keep 
aloof from anything vile or 
impure ; slaughter a camel and 
place it in dishes before the 
guests ; — ii. inf. tajfin, place 
the dish on the table; — iv. 
inf. ijfdn, indulge in sexual 
intercourse. 

(£** j a f n > pl« jufun> ajfun, ajfdn, 
eye-lid ; also jifn, scabbard ; 
vine-shoot ; vine ; — * jafna-t, 
pi. -at, jifdn, large and deep 
dish or plate of wood ; small 
well ; a noble, generous man ; 
man-of-war ; — jufna-t, pi. jufan, 
vine-branch. 

(j*>0 J a f<*> u, i, inf. jafw, jafan, 
jafd, oppress, treat cruelly, ty- 
rannise; be insolent; trouble- 
some ; molest ; — inf. jafwa-t 
(also vi.), neglect ; — take off 
the saddle ; — u, inf. jafd', 
jafd'a-t (also vi.) ; be restless, 
swerve, shrink from ; — in. 
inf. mujdfdt, maltreat ; remove, 
take away ; — iv. inf. ijfd\ 
treat cruelly and unjustly, 
injure ; take off the saddle ; — 
vi. inf. tajdfi, see i. ; (m.) 
abuse one another ; — vin. inf. 
ijtifV, move, remove ; — x. inf. 
istijfd', deem cruel and unjust. 

)**• jafw y * jafwa-t, jifwa-t, cruelty, 
oppression, injustice. 

Jj** jqftU, pi. juful, fleet ; pi. jaft, 
bringing clouds. 

(cs*^) J a fa> h INF - J a fy> throw 
down ; — n. inf. tajfiya-t, prune 
(m.) ; — v. inf. tajaffi, be 
pruned (m.) ; — S jifya-t=£*- 
jafw, I . 

***> jafir, quiver ; case, scabbard ; 
— ijafira-t, portfolio (m.). 

u**** jafis, weak ; stupid. 

b^jafiz, swollen. 

*-*«*► jajif, dry. 

J*** jafil) jaffil, timid, timorous. 



(s3*)jaqq, u, mv.jaqq, drop excre- 
ment. 

<3* JUQQy pl« J^lM* rectum. 

(^&h) jaqim, arrogant, insolent ; — 
hence : vi. inf. tajdqum, be inso- 
lent towards (J* f ala). 

£*^£* jakjaka-t, clash, clinking. 

(j&+) jaMr, inf. jakar, be impor- 
tunate ; (m.) be offended, nettled, 
angry ; — in. inf. mujdkara-t, 
(m.) offend, irritate, spite ; — 
iv. inf. ijhdr, press to buy ; — 8 
jahra-t, anything necessary ; 
business, affair. 

(£&* jaJcrdn, offended, nettled 
(m.). 

(J*) jail, I, inf. jaldl, juldl, 
shine out, be great, powerful, 
sublime ; be terrible ; — inf. 
jaldl, jaldla-t, be old and ex- 
perienced ; — inf. julul, jail, 
migrate, emigrate ; — v, inf. 
jail, jalla-t (also vin.), gather 
dung ; — inf. jaU, cover an 
animal with a cloth ; — n. inf. 
tajlil, be general ; honour ; 
cover a horse with a cloth, 
saddle a mule ; — rv. inf. ijldl, 
deem great, powerful, &c. ; 
honour; give much; take off 
the covering; be strong, and, 
by opposition, weak ; — v. inf. 
tajallul, surpass in greatness, 
&c. ; be honoured; receive the 
best part ; be covered, clad ; 
sit on horseback ; — vi. inf. 
tajdll, scorn ; — vn. inf. injildl, 
be honoured ; — vin. inf. ijtildl, 
see i. ; take the best part to 
one's self. 

J> jail, jill, great, glorious, sub- 
lime ; rough, rude ; — jail, jull, 
pi. julul, sail ; — jull, pi. jildl, 
ajldl, julul, covering, saddle- 
cloth, pack-saddle; veil; prin- 
cipal part, the whole ; rose, 
jessamine (Pers. J*) ; (m.) 
avenue of trees ; — 8 jilla-t, old, 
old woman; grandees, pi. of 
jalil ; — juUa-t, pi. jildl, basket 
of dry dates. 



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239 



(W) jaUC, a, inf. jaV, jald 9 , 
jald'at, throw down, throw away, 
pelt. 

%* jalan, jald, emigration ; exile ; 
— jaUV, splendour, brightness, 
polish; — jild\ a kind of col- 
lyrium ; a honorary title ; inf. 
hi. of (jW) ; — jalkV, pi. -«w, 
who wipes, smoothes, polishes. 

s-*^ jildb, wallet ; case, scabbard ; 
— jalldb, pi. -?!», importer of 
goods, cattle, slaves ; — julldb, 
rose- water ; a kind of sherbet ; 
— 8 jalldba-t, boisterous woman. 

s-*rfW jaldbtb, pi. of s->WW jilbdb. 

*>V jalldd, skinner; executioner; 
— I jaldda-t, hardness; activity ; 
perseverance, patience ; firm- 
ness ; prompt justice. 

(t*>W) julddih, pi. jalddih, long. 

t5«ft* juldziyy, strong and stout; 
artisan ; monk ; sacristan. 

&V jaldfa-t, hardness, roughness, 
rudeness. 

JV jaldl, splendour, majesty, 
glory, power ; — jildl, sail ; (m.) 
pack-saddle ; — juldl, julldl, f . 
8 , great, glorious ; — 8 jaldla-t, 
human greatness ; majesty 
(title). 

^yiV jildldtiyy, maker of pack- 
saddles. 

Jk**V jaldmid, pi. of *yd* julmud. 

*%fjil&h, pi. banks (of rivers). 

<JM*V juldhiq, bullet ; stone to be 
thrown by a sling ; weaver. 

SjjW jaldwiza-t, pi. of )\£+ jilwdz. 

s-JW jald'ib, imported female 
slaves. 

(s-*W) jalab, i, u, inf. jalb, jaldb, 
pull, draw, drag, bring ; im- 
port ; seek gain by business 
transactions ; plan a stratagem ; 
cry out, call to; urge on; be 
bound for a place ; assemble ; 
incite ; dry up ; inf. julub, 
cover itself with a thin skin 
(healing wound) ; — ir, sin, 
transgress ; — jalib, A, inf. 
jalab, gather (n.) from all sides 



against (^ 'ala) ; — n. inf. 
tajlib, raise a cry, cry out at, 
urge on; collect from every- 
where, import; gain the good 
will of a person; draw upon 
one's self ; — in. inf. mujdla- 
ba-t, help; — iv. inf. ijldb, cry 
out, raise a clamour or tumult ; 
urge on ; be bound for a place ; 
plan a stratagem ; threaten ; be 
dried up ; heal (n.) ; cover the 
saddle with fresh leather ; help ; 
call together, collect; gather 
(n.) ; — v. inf. tajallub, raise a 
clamour or tumult; — vn. inf. 
injildb, be imported ; — vin. 
inf. ijtildb, collect and export 
cattle, &c. ; draw upon one's 
self ; earn, acquire ; — x. inf. 
istijldb, have anything im- 
ported, order a thing ; try to 
attract or gain the favour of 
anybody. 

jalb, importation, import ; 
crime, transgression ; — jilb, a 
small saddle ; — julb, darkness 
of night ; anything stripped ; 
booty ; cloud ; — jalab, pi. ajldb, 
clamour, noise, tumult ; im- 
ported goods, cattle, slaves; 
cattle- or slave-dealer ; — julldb, 
pi. of jalib, healing; — 8 julba-t, 
skin of a healing wound ; 
leather; pi. jalab, hoop; year 
of famine ; need ; — jalaba-t, 
clamour, tumult, sudden in- 
vasion. 

W* julabd 9 , pi. of s-JL* jalib. 

s^W* jilbdb, jilibbdb, pi. jaldbib, 
wide shirt, wrapper, long veil, 
tunic ; pi. slaves ; mosquito- 
net; fillet. 

SjUJL*. jalbdra-t, cast a net (m.). 

(j)WJ^ jullubdn, pea, vetch (m. 
julbdri) ; boisterous person ; — 
8 julubbdna-t, boisterous wo- 
man. 

(s-**W) jalbab, inf. 8, dress with 
a jilbdb ; — n. inf. tajalbub, be 
dressed with it. 



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U+ 



C<V jittrih, disaster, calamity ; de- 
crepit old woman. 

Sj^W- jalbada-t, neigh . 

(y*M julabiz, hard, brave. 

&*1* jaJbaqa-t, clamour, noise, 
tumult. 

^3*1* jalba, pi. of s- ^ yaZtft. 

(csJL^) jalat, i, inp. ,/aft, beat ; — 
viii. inp. ijtildt, id. ; eat up. 

g^ jcdaj* beginning of dawn; — 
jalaj, 8, pi. jaldj, jildj, skull; 
bubble ; — 8 jalaja-t, Calvary. 

( J^W) jaljal, inp. 8 , shake, move 
(a.) ; mix (a.) ; frighten, con- 
fuse ; twist tightly ; touch and 
make to sound ; cry out, call 
aloud; clap, thunder; neigh; 
— ii. inp. tajaljul, be dipped 
into, sink; be beaten, shaken, 
fall in ruins. 

J^W juljul, pi. jaldjil, little bell ; 
strings of such to adorn the 
necks of cattle, &c. ; — 8 jaU 
jala-t, skull. 

Q%+k* juljuldn, coriander-seed ; 
sesame ; core, bottom of the 
heart. 

(eM jo^k* A > INF - J a ty> browse; 
— jalih, a, inp. jalah, be bald 
on the sides of the forehead, 
grow bald ; — n. inp. tajlih, 
browse entirely off ; attack ; be 
bold, courageous ; set to work, 
continue, perpetrate ; — in. inp. 
mujdlaha-t, make known; pub- 
lish ; show one's self proud, 
empassioned, hostile. 

C^ jalah, baldness ; — jnlh, pi. of 
tft\ ajlah, bald ; — 8 jalaha-t, 
front part of the head; bald- 
ness. 

UJ* jilhd', 8 jilhd'a-t, barren, 
sterile. 

()J^) jalhaz, miserly, mean. 

(,♦^1*) jalham, inp. 8, twist a 
rope ; — n. inp. tajalhum, as- 
semble (n.). 

(th) j a ^ a ht A > INP - 3 a fy> n ll U P > 
cut off a piece of flesh ; skin ; 
throw to the ground ; lie with 
a woman ; stretch, lengthen, 



extend; — ix. inp. ijlihdh, be 
weak and soft of bones ; stretch 
out the arms in prayer ; — xv. 
inp. ijlinhd', fall in ruins. 

(s-<bW), in. inp. ijlihbdb, fall 
down. 

(j*ateW), in. inp. ijlihmdm, be 
numerous, assembled in a 
crowd ; be proud. 

(jj^.) jalad, i, inp. jald, jalda-t, 
beat, hit, scourge, whip ; skin, 
flay ; compel ; throw down ; 
sting; lie with a woman; com- 
mit onanism ; — jalid, a, inp. 
jalady be damaged by hoar 
frost ;=jalud, inp. jalad, jald- 
da-t, juluda4, majlud, be hard, 
tough, strong ; be prudent and 
active ; pass, be injured by hoar 
frost ; — n. inp. tajlid, skin, 
flay; have whipped, scourged; 
bind (a book) ; cause to freeze, 
freeze; — in. inp. jildd, mujd- 
lada-t, show one's self hard, 
energetic, persevering towards ; 
fight with; — iv. inp. ijldd, be 
covered with hoar frost; be 
injured by it ; cause one to 
take refuge with another ; — v. 
inp. tajatiud, show one's self 
hard, energetic, persevering, 
patient ; be bound (book) ; — 
vi. inp. iajdlud, fight, whip each 
other ; — vn. inp. injildd, be 
whipped, scourged ; — viii. inp. 
ijtildd, id. ; drink out. 

Jd^ jald, pi. jalda, hard, prudent ; 
active and strong ; flogging, 
whipping, scourging (s.) ; pi. 
ajldd, jildd, julud, energetic, 
active ; — jild, 8 , pi. julud, skin, 
hide; leather; binding (of a 
book) ; volume ; price ; — juld, 
pi. of <&*\ ajlad, hard ; — jalad, 
hardness, perseverance ; endur- 
ance, patience ; firmament ; hard 
ground ; — julud, see above ; pi. 
of JkJL*. jalid. 

(s->^) jaldab, hard, severe. 

(.U*) julz, pi. mandjiz, mole. 

^gJd*. julziyy =<£&%* juldziyy. 



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241 



vJV 



(y*) jalast, i, inf. jalz, fold and 
wrap up ; twist firmly together ; 
(also ii.), tie round with the 
sinew of the camel's neck; 
extend, stretch; pull out; — 
ii. inf. tajliz, see i. ; depart 
quickly ; — v. inf. tajallw, be 
ready for action. 

)W jak, sinew of a camel's neck 
for tying. 

(u-M jo^Sf i, inf. jultts, majlas, 
sit, sit down; hold a session, 
grant an audience ; (m.) be 
placed upright ; travel to Najd, 
the Arabian highlands ; — n. 
inf. tajli8 9 place upright ; cause 
to sit ; — in. inf. mujdlasa-t, 
sit down by, sit in company 
with (ace); — iv. inf. ijlds, 
order or beg to sit down ; — v. 
inf. tajattus, sit down, hold a 
session or conference ; — vi. inf. 
tajdlus, sit down together. 

<- r^ jab* high land ; the country 
of Najd; lady; strong camel; 
member of an assembly, guest ; 
pond ; time ; wine ; thick ; — 
jil8=u~tk* jalU ; — S jalsa-t, 
pL jalasdtj session ; assembly, 
company ; state, condition ; — 
jiha-t, way of sitting; — jula- 
ea-t, person who always sits at 
home. 

UJ* jvlo8&\ pi. of {j~J+ jalU. 

f*LJL». jilsdm, pleurisy. 

(U*) jalaf, i, inf. jalf, lie, tell a 
lie; swear, take an oath; draw 
(a sword); share; skin, flay; 
drop excrement ; — v. inf. 
tajalluf, fight against by strata- 
gem ; — vii. inf. injildj, fall 
down; — vin. inf. ijtUdt, steal 
secretly ; drink out ; — 8 julfa-t, 
thick milk. 

Uol*. jalfd\ loose. 

(g^O jtda', a, inf. julu 1 , be naked ; 
strip ; — jali*, a, inf. jala', be 
open ; be impudent, talk ri- 
baldry ; quarrel in a game, 
over the wine, in dividing the 



booty ; — vii. inf. injUd' f be 
uncovered, bared, stripped. 

£+ jctii 1 , 8 , impudent, shameless. 

(sr^W) jafrab, 8, malignant, ma- 
licious ; — hence : in. ijtoabb, 
inf. ijli'bdb, lie down on one's 
side and stretch one's self out ; 
depart ; exert one's self in 
walking; be numerous; be dis- 
persed. 

(•***■) jaVad y inf. 8, stretch 
lengthways on the ground (a.); 

— ijla'add, inf. ijli'ddd, be 
thrown down, stretched out. 

•**W jaVady hard ; strong ; brave. 

(f***+) jal'am, impudent, shame- 
less. 

(&+) faty* u» inf. jalg, cut one 
another with swords ; (m.) whet, 
sharpen. 

(«-Al^) jalafy u, inf. jalfy tear, 
scrape or scratch off ; peel, 
shell ; shovel away ; cut down, 
up-root ; annihilate ; cut with 
the sword ; — jalif, a, inf. jalaf, 
jaldfa-t, be hard, rough, rude; 

— n. inf. tajlify destroy ; blunt ; 
break off the edge of a vessel ; 

— iv. inf. ijldfy scrape or 
scratch off; — vin. inf. ijtildf, 
destroy. 

*-*** i*v> pl« ajldff juluf 9 hard, 
unjust ; stupid and rude, brutal ; 

Fl. julufy pot, vessel ; — jilf, also 
jidfa-ty a small piece of skin ; 
scratch ; chip ; — 5 jilfa-ty slice 
of dry bread ; piece ; cut of a 

Xn. 
jalfada-t, idle clamour. 
(v*W) jalfaZy strong and stout. 
(&&0 jalfafy inf. 8 , caulk, repair 

a ship. 
(jjLj.) jalaq, i, inf. jalq, shave ; 

shoot, pelt at ; uncover, bare ; 

=v. inf. tajalluq, open .the 

mouth in laughing, so that the 

back teeth can be seen ; — vn. 

inf. injildq, be shot, pelted at. 
«jW jalq, peace ; — jilliq, a kind 

of wheat; Damascus; — 8 jiU 

liqa-ty old woman. 

31 



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J** 



242 



JU» jalal, important matter ; with 
&• rain and a pronominal Buffix : 
for the sake of. 

(f*M j&lam, u, inf. jalm, lop; 
loose the flesh from the bones 
of a slaughtered animal ; shear. 

(fJ*) jihn, sheep's tallow ; — jalam 
and du. jalamdn, scissors ; pi. 
jildm, a kind of sheep ; he-goat ; 
tick (insect) ; the new moon ; a 
kind of hawk ; — 8 jalma-t, trunk 
of a slaughtered animal. 

(c***) jabnah, inf. 8 , shave. 

(<uW) jalmad, large rock ; — also 
8 jalmada4, a brave warrior, 
hero; herd; — jalmada-t, stony 
ground. 

(WW) jalmafy inf. 8 , shave. 

*>j*l* julmild, jalrniid, pi. jaldmid, 
jaldmid, large rock ; brave war- 
rior. 

jLl*. juUandr, blossom of the pome- 
granate (Pers.). 

(laA>) jalambaf, lion. 

t^w V^ julanjubin, conserve of 
roses (Pers.). 

( J^) jalanza, broad-shouldered ; 
— hence rv. ijlanza, inf. ijlinza', 
be enraged. 
£*■***) jalanfa 1 , stupid ; 8 , stout ; 
— hence iv. ijlanfa', inf. ijlinfd', 
be stout. 

(Al*) jalah, a, inf. jaZA, remove ; 
prevent, divert, dissuade; put 
away; uncover; — jalih, a, inf. 
jalah, lose the front hair. 

(yk) jalhaz, inf. 8 , keep silent 
about a matter known. 

((*£+) julhum, a large mouse ; — 8 
julhuma-t, jalhama-t, bank of a 
river ; side of a valley ; any- 
thing important ; misfortune, 
calamity. 

(jW) jald, u, inf. jalw, jald', 
disclose, reveal, communicate ; 
polish, smooth, clean ; wash, 
rinse ; wipe away ; dispel grief ; 
throw away ; be high ; — inf. 
jild\ jalwa-ty jilwa-t, julwa-t, 
unveil the bride to the bride- 
groom ; make presents to the 



bride on this occasion ; see the 
bride adorned ; be shown to 
the bridegroom j be evident, 
known, public; migrate, emi- 
grate ; compel to emigrate ; — 
inf. jald', drive the bees out 
of the hive by smoke ; — n. 
inf. tajliyy, tajliya-t, polish, 
smooth, make bright; disclose, 
publish ; explain ; give presents 
to a bride ; throw food to the 
cattle; cast a glance at; lift 
up the head and look out ; — 
in. inf. mujdldty confront as 
an enemy, fight against ; — iv. 
inf. ijld*, emigrate ; force to 
emigrate, expel; be freed from 
grief; be far distant; hasten; 

— v. inf. tajalli, be unveiled, 
uncovered, made known; ap- 
pear ; reveal himself (God) ; 
lift up the head and look out; 
look at ; — vi. inf. tajdli, com- 
municate each other's circum- 
stances to one another ; — vn. 
inf. injiW, be disclosed ; reveal 
himself (God); clear up; dis- 
perse (clouds, n.) ; be bright, 
polished ; disappear, subside ; 

— viii. inf. ijtild', see the bride 
unveiled ; show her to the 
bridegroom ; force to emigrate ; 
take off the turban ; glance at, 
observe, have regard to ; — x. 
inf. istijld', present the bride 
unveiled ; migrate ; — 8 jalwa-t, 
jilwa-t, julwa-t, splendour, bright- 
ness, brilliancy ; a thing of 
beauty ; beauty of things ; un- 
veiling of the bride ; bride-gift ; 
coquettishness ; shining gar- 
ments ; submersion of a man 
in God. 

V* jalwd, f . of i^A ajla, brighter, 
more shining, <fec. 

jV* jilwdss, pi. jaldwiza-t, tax- 
gatherer ; executor ; guard. 

h$+ jaluba-t, anything imported. 

8^W juluda-t, hardness ; aptness. 

^•W- juludiyy, seller of hides or 
leather. 



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243 



)fajiUauz, hazel nut. 
<j*fa julus, sitting, session ; as- 
sembly; ascension to the throne; 

— pi. of {j*&\*> jdli8 ; — ^ juld- 
siyy, dating from, referring to 
the beginning of the reign. 

( <J*0 i a fo> h inf. jaly, polish ; — 
jali, a, inf. jalan, lose the 
front hair; — n. inf. tajliya-t, 
cause to appear ; show forth ; 

— v. inf. tajalli, see v. (fa) ; 
mount, ascend ; look at any- 
thing on high. 

o^ J a ty> polishing (s.), polish ; — 
jily, small window in the roof; 
— jaliyy, 8 , bright, polished ; 
evident, clear; light; loud; a 
character of handwriting ; — 8 
jaliyya-t, clear matter or news ; 
clearness. 

O^eW jalaydn, revelation ; apoca- 
lypse. 

vA jalib, pi. jalabd', jalba, also 
8 jaliba-t, pi. jald'ib, imported 
slave, merchandise, cattle. 

•*«i* jalid, pi. juladd', ajldd, jildd, 
julud, hard, strong, apt, active ; 
hoar-frost, frost, ice ; — 8 julai- 
da-t, thin skin, membrane ; — 
jalidiyya-t, moisture of the eye. 

<j~th* jalie, pi. juIobql, jullds, com- 
panion ; intimate ; confidant ; 
assessor. 

«-A*l* jalif, 8 , peeled ; blunt, 
notchy; scraped off; — 8 jalU 
fa-t, pi. jaldHf, juluf, julf, 
severe, fatal season ; ruin, de- 
struction. 

<JaW jalil, 8, pi. ajilld, jilla-t, 
ajUla-t, magnificent, glorious, 
great ; venerable ; strong, stout, 
rough ; — pi. jilla-t, ajilla-t, old, 
experienced ; — 8 jalila-t, pi. 
jald'U, matter of importance. 

(p*-) fawam (also v.), spread 
luxuriantly ; — jamm, i, u, inf. 
jumdm, be abundant ; get full ; 
ikf. jamm, jumdm, be or get 
brimful ; be fleshy ; impend ; 
approach ; leave water ; — i, 



inf. jamm, jamdm, fill to the 
brim or above ; (m.) cut off 
the tree at the surface of the 
ground ; — inf. jamdm (also i, 
inf. jimdm), rest after covering 
(stallion) ; — inf. jamm, jamdm, 
be left without work to rest; 

— a, inf. jamam, be hornless 
(ram) ; — u. inf. tajmim, fill to 
the brim or above ; — rv. inf. 
ijmdm, id.; leave water; allow 
to rest ; impend ; — v. inf. 
tajammum, see i. ; be full (to 
the brim), heaped up; — x. 
inf. iatijmdm, be plentiful ; 
have gathered; leave water in 
(ace.) the well; rest; refresh 
one's self ; be covered with 
vegetation. 

(*+ jamm, plenty, abundance ; 
heap ; heaped up measure ; 
exceeding ; numerous ; mass of 
water ; (m.) water-line, level ; 
pi. jimdm, jumdm, abundant, 
inexhaustible ; — jimm, devil ; 

— 8 jamma-t, pi. jumdm, over- 
flowing well or pond ; pi. 
jumam, hold of a ship ; — also 
jumma-t, troop, crowd ; — jum- 
ma-t, rich hair falling on the 
shoulders ; tuft of hair ; bud. 

W jama*, inf. of (^j**) ; also 
jamd\ 8 jamd'a-t, somebody ; 
individual ; — jammd, f. of pA 
ajamm, fleshy, &c, q.v. 

cW jimdh, refractoriness ; inf. 
of (c**) ; — jummdh, pi. fugi- 
tives. 

*>W jamdd, dry year or season; 
pi. -at, jumud, dried up ground ; 
anything inanimate; inorganic; 
fossil ; pi. jamdddt, minerals, 
fossils ; — jimdd, pi. of ^ 
jumd ; — jammdd, sharp ; seller 
of ice ; — ^ jumdda, pi. jumd- 
daydt, name of a month ; — 
jamddiyy, inorganic. 

jW jamdr, crowd, people ; — jum- 
mdr, 8 jwmmdra-t, pi. -at, 
marrow in the top of the palm- 
tree. 



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jW jammdzy swift; jumping, 
leaping ; also S jammdza-t, fleet 
camel. 
J*»W jammdS, dandy ; lady's man. 
£W jimd\ coition; whole, entire, 
all; sum, total, the whole, plenty ; 
pi. jum 1 , large kettle, cauldron ; 
— jammd 1 , given to sexual inter- 
course ; — 8 jamd'a-t, troop ; 
crowd ; assembly ; party ; com- 
munity ; the believers; pi. -dt, 
tax-roll, registers. 
JW jamdl, beauty, grace, grace- 
fulness ; elegance ; purity of 
life, good conduct, refined man- 
ners; beneficence; — jimdl, pi. 
of J** jamal ; — jammcU, pi. 
jammdla-t, jammdlun, camel- 
driver ; — jummdl, very beauti- 
ful . — S jumdlat, pi. of J** 
jamal. 
I»W jamdm, heaped up measure; 

superabundance ; level. 
e)W jumdn, 8 , pearl, jewel ; silver 
beads ; — jammdn, measured 
full. 
ytft W jatndhir, pi. of )#**> jumhur. 
,«»♦* jamjam, inf. 8 , speak in- 
distinctly ; conceal in one's 
heart ; — u. inf. tajamjum, 
speak indistinctly; not dare to 
(y* ( an) ; — 8 jumjuma-t, pi. 
jumjum, jamdjim, skull ; plough- 
staff ; drinking-cup ; a measure. 

jumuk, be restive and run 
away ; act capriciously ; be 
headstrong; run fast, hurry; 
throw at, hit. 

(6*0 J ama h> u > INF « i am hy t> e 
proud ; — in. inf. mujdmaha-t, 
boast. 

6** iawwA, pride ; glory ;—jummah, 
pi. of £*W jdmih. 

(j»*») jamad, u, inf. jamd, jumud, 
harden ; stiffen, coagulate, 
freeze (n.) ; grow tranquil, calm 
down ; be hard, miserly ; insist 
on one's right ; cut, cut off ; — 



jamud, get rigid, freeze (n.) ; 
— n. inf. tajmid, condense, 
coagulate, freeze (a.) ; — rv. 
inf. ijmdd, id. ; make stand to 
right ; not be of any more 
good ; — v. inf. tajammud, 
vii. inf. injimdd, coagulate, 
freeze (n.). 
*++ jamd, condensation, coagula- 
tion, congelation ; frozen hard ; 
ice; — jumd, jumud, jamad 9 pi. 
ajmdd, high ground ; pi. strong- 
holds ; — jamad, ice, snow ; pi. 
of ***W jdmid ; — jumud, pi. of 
*>W jamdd. 
(/**) jamar, i, inf. jamr (also n. 
and rv.), unite for a purpose (n. 
and a.) ; give live coal ; jump 
with the feet tied together ; 
turn off, keep off; — n. inf. 
tajmir, see i. ; — gather, unite ; 
tie together the back hair (also 
rv.); retain an army on the 
soil of the enemy; take the 
marrow out of the top of a 
palm-tree ; pelt with stones 
(m.) ; cover with coal ; change 
into coal, carbonise; get car- 
bonised ; — iv. inf. ijmdr, see 
i. and n. ; hasten ; fumigate 
clothes ; — inf. majmar, poke 
the fire; estimate the produce 
of a palm-tree; jump with the 
feet tied together; have an 
uncloven hoof; have the new 
moon covered ; refer to all, 
concern all ; emaciate ; — v. 
inf. tajammur, unite (n.) or 
keep together (a.); be retained 
on hostile soil ; — vin. inf. ijti* 
mdr, fumigate ; — x. inf. istij- 
mdr=v. ; use a pebble instead 
of curl-paper for the sake of 
cleanliness. 
j**> jamr, 8, pi. jamr, jamar dt, 
live coal ; pebble ; an Arabic 
tribe ; stoning of the devil in 
the valley of Mina ; new infusion 
of vital heat in spring-time, &c. 
(>**) i^maa, i, inf. jamz, tjy**- 
jamzd, hurry with long steps; 



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J** 



leap; go abroad; — 8 jamza-t, 
\>\.jamazdt, leap, jump. 

C&**) jamzar, inf. $ , ran away ; 
flee. 

vs)** jamza, quick pace. 

(u~**) jamas, u, inf. jumus, 
harden, coagulate (n.) ; — 8 
jam&a-t, fire ; — jumsa-t, pi. 
jam*, half-ripe dates. 

(ts «—.♦ £> ) jamast, a kind of tur- 
quoise. 

(<j***s-) jamai, u, inf. jams, shave ; 
smooth; milk only with finger- 
tops ; make love to (ace.) ; — 
n. inf. tajmU, make love ; help, 
assist. 

\J*++ jami, low sound. 

(C**) jama', a, inf. yarn', gather, 
assemble, keep together (a.) ; 
unite, reconcile; collect one's 
self, recollect ; lie with (s-> hi) ; 
add ; form the plural ; contain ; 
be full grown ; — n. inf. tajmi', 
gather, collect, assemble from 
all sides ; heap up ; count ; 
attend to the Friday's service; 
— in. inf. mujdma'a-t, jimd', 
agree with (ace.) ; yield ; have 
sexual intercourse, lie with 
(ace.) ; — iv. inf. ijmd', gather, 
assemble (a.) ; take all ; drive 
all of them (camels) ; make 
familiar ; agree in (^ ( ala) ; 
resolve ; prepare, make ready ; 
dry ( a ) ; — v - INP - tajammu', 
assemble (n.), flock together; 
hold an assembly, a Friday's 
service ; resolve ; — vni. inf. 
ijtimd', ijdimd', assemble (n.) ; 
meet (v» hi) ; agree in ( <J* 
'ala) ; conspire ; attain to pu- 
berty ; — x. inf. isUjmd', be 
willing to assemble, assemble 
(n.), gather (n.) ; happen ac- 
cording to one's wish; collect 
all strength ; levy troops. 

£♦*• jam', pi. jumtl', troop, crowd ; 
assembly ; pL troops, an army ; 
sum, total, majority; plural; 
produce, rent, interest; rent- 
roll, rent-book; price, value; 



addition ; coition ; inf. of 
(£*0 I »H f£ yaumu 'l-jam'i, 
Day of Judgment, day of the 
gathering on Mount 'Arafat; 
— jum', pi. ajmd', fist; £*r. 
hi-jum', entire, all of it ; secret, 
nregnant ; — jum', pi. of g*W 
jdmi' ; — 8 jum'a-t, pi. -dt, 
junta 1 , union, gathering, con- 
course ; friendship ; handful ; 
week ; — also jumu'a-t, ju- 
ma'a-t, pi. -dt, Friday ; — ja- 
ma'a-t, pi. -at, troop, company ; 
sum. 

W* jamd', pi. g** jum', f. of fr*A 
ajma', entire, all. 

(•**♦*) jam'ad, heap of stones. 

(;***) jam 1 ™, inf. 8 , make a top 
spin ; turn in a circle ; be given 
to biting. 

)P**- jum'ur, large troop, crowd; 
— 8 jum'wra-t, potter's wheel; 
spinning-top. 

^+* jam'iyy, total; — 8 jam'iy- 
ya-t, assembly ; conference ; 
small party, company ; com- 
mittee ; congregation ; collec- 
tion of mind. 

(J*0 jamah ^> inf. jaml, gather, 
assemble (a.) ; make fluid, melt 
(a.); — jamul, inf. jamdl, be 
handsome, elegant, of good 
manners ; — n. inf. tajmil, 
make handsome, embellish, 
adorn; do anything in a plea- 
sant way ; melt much ; give 
much fat to eat; offer a camel 
for food ; keep an army long 
in the field ; — in. inf. mujd- 
mala-t, treat with benevolence, 
show courtesy, be obliging ; — 
iv. inf. ijmdl, act in a hand- 
some, decent, moderate manner ; 
make pleasant; deserve well of 
(*ufc Hnda); gather, assemble 
(a.) ; add, count up, resume ; 
melt fat ; have many camels ; 
— v. tajammul, behave decently ; 
be embellished, adorned; eat 
fat ; — vni. inf. ijtimcU, melt 



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&+ 



or eat fat; eat a camel; — x. 
inp. istijmdl, find handsome, 
decent ; be full grown. 

J** jaml, jamal, pi. jimdl, jimdla-t, 
jamdla-t, jumdla-t, jimdMt, &c. ; 
jural, jdmil, pi. jamd'il, ajdmil, 
ajmal, he-camel ; *>^J^ e jamalu 
'Uyarhudi, chameleon ; — j^ra/, 
jamal, jumal, jumul, jummal, 
cable; — jumal, jummal, addi- 
tion ; — jumal, troop ; — 8 j'ltm- 
fo-*» pl- jumal, sum, total, 
totality; troop, number; class, 
category • sentence, phrase, 
period; paragraph. 

JW jamld\ f . of perfect beauty. 

<$W jimldn, pl. of J*** jumail ; — 
8 jumldna-t, nightingale. 

0jk* jawMn, gable, cupola, dome ; 
roof which is not flat. 

0**0 jamhar, inf. 8, assemble 
(a.), heap up ; raise a tomb ; 
keep most and the best to one's 
self ; — ii. inp. tajamhur, as- 
semble (n.) ; be hostile. 

)&+*■ jumkur, pl. jamdhir, the 
principal part or majority, to- 
tality, all ; troop, crowd ; people, 
public ; community, common- 
wealth, republic; constitutional 
assembly, parliament, Ac. ; noble 
woman ; high sand-hill ; — ^ 
jumhuriyy, * , referring to the 
community ; popular ; vulvar ; 

— &i jumhuriyya-t, republican 
government, republic. 

ty++ jamuh, refractory. 
*V* jamud, dry ; — jumM, inf. 
of (J**) ; indifference ; severity ; 

— 8 jumiida-t, hardness ; harsh- 
ness. 

gy+^-jamu', grasping (adj.). 

Jj+* jamul, fat-boiler. 

fj++ jamUm, overflowing. 

(o**) i^ma, gather ; — v. inf. 
tajammi, be gathered, as- 
sembled. 

(kj*+) jami, a, inp. jama, be 
angry ; — v. inf. tajammuww, 
be gathered, assembled ; wrap 



one's self up in one's clothes ; 
take and conceal anything. 

jamir, place of assembly ; 
C &\ ibn jamir, dark night ; 

— B Urt ibnd jamir, day and 
night ; — 8 jamira-t, tress of 
hair. 

y*+* jamiz, intelligent, considerate ; 

— also jummaiz, ^ jummaiza, 
wild fig, sycamore. 

u&t:* * jamii, shaved smooth ; hair- 
remover. 

£*•-*■ jami', collected, assembled ; 
crowd, army ; all'(U***- jami'an, 
altogether ; all at once) ; mature 
and having a beard ; — 8 jami'a-t, 
assembly. 

J*** jamil, 8 , handsome, fair, 
elegant ; well-bred, of good 
manners; good, excellent; pl. 
jamildt, good deed, favour, 
benefit ; good qualities ; molten ; 
fat ; — jumail, jummail, pl. jim- 
ldn, nightingale. 

u^g** jumaildna-t, nightingale. 

<J*** jamiliyy, dealer in fat. 

(*#*+- jamvm, pl. ajimmd', luxuriant 
plant; much, many. 

{$+ jann, i, inf. jann, be con- 
cealed ; — inp. jann, junun, 
cover, veil, conceal ; pass. ^ 
junn=&ct. ; — inf. jinn, junun, 
jinndn, be dark ; be covered 
with verdure or vegetation ; be 
concealed from (y& 'an) ; shroud 
and bury the dead ; inf. junun, 
grow luxuriantly; — inf. jann, 
jundn, pass, be possessed by a 
demon, be mad ; be out of one's 
senses by rage, joy, &c ; be 
enthusiastic for (Jb 'ala) ; — 
ii. inf. tajnin, madden; (m.) 
cover, conceal ; — iv. inf. ijndn, 
be concealed ; cover, conceal, 
veil in darkness; shroud, bury 
the dead ; madden ; — v. inf. 
tajannun, be covered with plants ; 
be mad, out of senses; — vi. inf. 
tajdnn, feign madness, show 
symptoms of it ; — viii. inf. 
ijtindn, be covered, concealed ; 



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cover one's self ; bury ; — x. 
inf. istijndn, be covered, con- 
cealed, protected ; cover, protect 
one's self ; excite ; pass, be pos- 
sessed by demons. 

y* jinn, pi. &«► jinna-t, demon, 
genie, fairy ; heat of youth ; 
beginning ; concealment ; dark ; 
blossom ; — 8 janna-t, pi. jindn, 
janndt, orchard, garden; para- 
dise ; — jinna-t, fairy ; madness ; 
— junna-t, pi. junan, covering 
(s.) ; veil ; shield ; protection. 

(W) jana\ ^^ jani', A, inf. 
jand', junn 9 (also in. inf. mujd- 
ndt, iv. inf. ijnd'), fall on the 
face ; bend over (<j* l ala). 

U* jand', plucked fruit; fruit of 
trees ; harvest, crops ; — junnd', 
S jundt, pi. of ^W jdni, who 
gathers ; sinner ; — S jandt, 
newly gathered; pi. jana, such 
fruit. 

*r»W jandh, pi. ajniba~t, side ; 
edge ; threshold ; enclosure or 
surrounding of a house ; court- 
yard ; region; place, spot; rank, 
title, as Excellency, Highness, 
Majesty, <fcc. ; — jindb, gentle 
(horse) ; pi. of s-** * * janib ; 
inf. in. of (s-^%) ; — jundb, 
pleurisy ; — junndb, travelling 
companion ; — S jandba-i, pollu- 
tion ; impure one ; life with 
strangers. 

cW jandh, pi. ajniha-t, ajnuh, 
wing ; shoulder, arm, hand ; 
side, edge; wing of an army, 
window, building ; fin ; project- 
ing roof; protection, refuge; — 
jundk, sin, crime. 

Sj^Uq. janddira-t, body-guard. 

jW jindr, plane-tree ; — junndr, 
blossom of the pomegranate. 

SjW jindza-t, jandza-t, pi. jand'iz, 
bier ; corpse ; — also )W janndz, 
pi. jandniz, funeral. 

u*W jinds, homogeneousness ; play 
on words ; assonance. 

w*U* jindf, transgression. 



<j*W jundfiyy, oppressive, tyran- 
nical, haughty. 

j**W jandfir, pi. of ;jA** junfur. 

qU*. jandn, pi. ajndn, veil ; dark- 
ness, night ; sanctuary, harem ; 
pi. ajinna-t, heart, mind, soul; 
beloved one, f. S ; inf. of (($+) ; 
— jinndn, pi. of 8j+ jinna-t, 
garden ; — jundn, darkness ; also 
8 jundna-t, shield; — jinndn, pi. 
of q) W , demon. 

y£ W jandniz, pi. of jW janndz. 

s-^W jand'ib, pi. of &**► janiba-t, 
s^j**- jantlb, *t*»*> janib. 

$\*+ janaiz, pi. 83W jindza-t. 

£iW jindya-t, transgression, of- 
fence ; fine, mulct ; extortion ; 
taxation, taxes. 

(s-***-) janab, 1, inf. jamb, turn 
aside, decline ; refuse, turn off ; 
remove; shun, flee from; hit 
sideways ; — inf. janab, majnab, 
lead by the side, place a horse 
as leader beside another ; — inf. 
jindb, be far off; keep far; 
shun, avoid ; cause to avoid ; 
miss, long for ; - u, be a stranger, 
reside amongst strangers ; — inf. 
juntib, blow from the south, to- 
wards the south ; — pass, jumb, 
suffer from pleurisy ; be exposed 
to the south-wind; — 11. inf. 
tajnib, keep far, remove to a 
distance (a.) ; cause one to 
avoid another; put aside; lead 
walking by the side ; be distant 
from (ace.) ; — in. inf. mvjd- 
naba-t, jindb, be or remain by 
the side of (ace.) ; avoid ; — iv. 
inf. ijndb, keep distant (a. and 
n.) ; avoid ; cause to avoid ; be 
or come as a stranger; be ex- 
posed to the south- wind; be 
polluted ; — v. inf. tajannub, 
be far from (ace); turn aside 
(n.) ; shun, avoid ; keep from 
(e^ *&tti a *) > — VI * INP « tajdnub, 
keep distant (n.), avoid ; — viii. 
inf. ijti?idb, turn aside from 
(n.), shun, avoid ; feel aversion 



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against (ace.) ; — x. inf. istij- 
nab, be polluted (by sperm). 
**+ jamb, pi. junub, ajndb, side, 
flank, half of the body ; 
boundary ; coast ; tract, region ; 
principal part; combat, battle; 
reproach ; gN 8U zdtu 'l-jambi, 
pleurisy, ^\ ^ ?u 'l-jambi, af- 
flicted with it; — janab, short; 
pi. of w***>janib ; —janib, lean- 
ing on one side, keeping aloof 
(adj.) ; — junub, pi. ajndb, 
stranger, guest ; restiye, re- 
fractory ; polluted ; — 8 jamba-t, 
pi. janabdt, jand'ib, side ; tract, 
region ; turning aside (s.) ; apo- 
stacy ; — junaba4, anything 
avoided. 

i\*jt*. jambdz, pi. 8 jandbiza-t, quack, 
charlatan; who overcharges in 
selling (Pers.). 

.!**► jumbuz, bad ; also 8 jumbuza-t, 
pi. jandbiz, cupola, dome ; arch, 
flying buttress (Pers.). 

J^tJ^ jumbui, gymnastics ; game ; 
amusement (Pers.). 

K*+ jambaz, inf. 8, also n. inf. 
tajanbuz, behave as a quack or 
in a haughty manner; over- 
sell. 

<jt*+ jambiyy, side (adj.). 

<ju+ junnatiyy, paradisiacal. 
**• jins, origin ; genus, species, 
kind; — hence: v. inf. tajan- 
nus, claim an origin to which 
one is not entitled ; incline in 
love towards (^ *ala) ; wrap 
up anything in one's clothes; 
spread the wings. 

iJj*. jinsiyy, a superior kind of 
iron ; — junsiyy, maker of coats 
of mail ; sword. 

( J%**) junjul, asparagus. 
(<£V0 janjan, jinjin, also 8 jan- 
jana-t, pi. jandjin, breast-bone ; 
rib of the chest. 

(e*0 j ana k> A > x > u > INF - J u ™k> 
incline towards (J li, Jp ila>) ; 
break (a.) a shoulder, arm, 
hand, wing, rib; pass, be in- 
jured in those parts ; walk 



fast; — ii. inf. tajnih, provide 
with wings; — iv. inf. ijndh, 
cause to incline towards; in- 
cline; — v. inf. tajannuh, incline 
towards one side; — vin. inf. 
ijHndh, bend, incline towards 
(n.) ; walk apace ; — x. inf. 
isbijndh, bend (a.), cause to 
incline towards. 
C*** jink, side, edge ; shore, bank ; 
also junk, darkness ; part of the 
night ; night ; — 8 junka-t, trans- 
gression, crime, 
(jo*.) jund, pi. junud, ajndd, army, 
corps of troops ; fellow-com- 
batants ; soldiers ; fixed camp ; 
military capital ; species ; — 
janad, pebbled ground ; — n. 
jannad, inf. tajnid, levy troops, 
enlist sailors, &c. ; — v. inf. 
tajannud, enlist (n.). 
s^Xixf. jindab, jundab, jundub, pi. 
janddib, a black locust; $ ^ 
umm jundub, calamity. 
yL-j* jo* jund badastar, /-• *** •*■** 

jund bidastar, castoreum. 
()<v+) jandar, inf. 8 , restore old 

writing or embroidery, 
(gju*) janda', pi. janddi', black 
locust; a kind of lizard; — 
8 jundu'a-t, pi. janddi', id. ; 
bubble; y**\ £*>W janddi 1 ai- 
Sarr, beginnings of an evil. 
(Jju*) jandal, inf. 8, throw on 

the ground. 
Jju^ jandal, pi. janddil, large 
round stone ; waterfall ; cata- 
racts of the Nile ; — junadil, 8 
junadila-t, stony tract of land. 
<^x** jundiyy, soldier, trooper. 
(y+) janaz, i, inf. jam, cover, 
veil ; gather (a.) ; pass, be 
placed on the bier; be dead; 
— ii. inf. tajniz, place the 
corpse on the bier ; arrange the 
burial. 
y+janz, clay hut. 
j\y*t» jinzour, verdigris. 
jy+janzar, inf. 8 , put into chains; 
get covered with verdigris; — 



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ii. inf. tajanzur, be put into 
chains. 

fly* janzir, pi. jandzir, chain. 

(u~**0 janas, u, inp. jans, ripen 
fully ; — janis, a, inf. janas, 
freeze (n.) ; — n. inf. tajnis, be 
fully ripe ; make homogeneous ; 
specify, classify ; — in. inf. 
mujdnasa-t, be or appear homo- 
geneous ; be similar. 

<j~*+ jins, pi. ajnus, junm, genus, 
species, kind, family, race ; gen- 
der; category, class; nationality; 

— iS jinsiyy, referring to genus, 
gender, sex, &c. ; — h jinsiy- 
ya-t, common genus, gender, or 
origin. 

(lt***0 janas*, v, inf. jans, ex- 
haust ; move towards or against ; 
desire ; fear ; — i, inf. Jans', 
lack corn; be deeply moved, 
highly agitated. 

(u°^")> ii- jannds, inf. tajnis, die ; 
flee in fear ; open the eyes 
wide, stare from fear; ease the 
bowels. 

£** jana c , small plants. 

(*-A**-) janaf, i, janif, a, inf. 
junuf, janaf, turn aside, decline ; 
be unjust; overcharge in sell- 
ing; — iv. inf. ijndfy v. inf. 
tajannuf, deflect from what is 
right ; finding one to do so ; 

— vi. inf. tajdnuf, turn aside; 
incline to injustice. 

«JU* janaf, janf, deflection from 
what is right ; iniquity of fate ; 
wrong ; ruggedness ; — janif, 
unjust, iniquitous. 

^U** janfds, coarse linen, canvas. 

^yu*. junfur, pi. jandfir, ancient 
tomb. 

(<JM*0 janaq, i, and n. inf. tajniq, 
throw projectiles by catapults, 

. &c. 

(dW) junk, pl.junuk, large Chi- 
nese ship; harp; — jank, war, 
combat ; — hence : n. jannak, 
inf. tajnik, get heated (in 



battle) ; — ^ junkiyy, f . 8 , 
player on the harp. 

w^ janma-t, plenty, abundance; 
the whole. 

&** janan, pi. ajndn, tomb ; shroud ; 
corpse ; — junan, pi. of ^ jun- 
na-t ; — junun, madness. 

{ j&* jannahiyy, Indian cane. 

^ junniV, inf. of (W). 

v>y^ janub, pi. jantCti), south ; 
south wind;— ^ janubiyy, 8, 
southern; sultry. 

ty**- junuh, pi. of ^W jdnih, ag. 
of (e**) ; inf. of the same. 

)?*■ jannur, thrashing-floor. 

(jjy^ janun, demon; a kind of 
harmless snake; — junun, mad- 
ness ; darkness. 

(l5*0 3 ana i h INF « jdu-an, jany, 
jandya-t, pluck, gather ; use up, 
wear out, draw advantage from 
(ace.) ; — inf. jindya-t, sin, com- 
mit a crime ; accuse falsely of a 
crime ; — inf. janwa-t, wrong ; 
be froward to ; prove false 
against (<J* 'ala, v> hi); — iv. 
inf. ijnd', pluck, gather; bear 
ripe fruit ; abound in plants, 
herbs, &c. ; be ripe for har- 
vest ; — v. inf. tajanni, pluck ; 
accuse falsely ; find fault ; seek 
a false pretext or excuse ; — 
viii. pluck, cull, gather; draw 
advantage from ({$* min) ; find 
rain-water and drink it. 

^yt* janan, jana, pi. ajnd\ freshly 
plucked fruit, dates ; honey ; 
gold; a kind of shell; pi. of 
fiUj. jandt ; — janiyy, * , freshly 
plucked ; — jinniyy, demoniacal ; 
demon ; — 8 janniyya-t, silken 
robe ; falsely-imputed crime ; 
(m.) fine for bloodshed ; — jin- 
niyya-t, pi. demons. 

s ^ a-** jamb, S janiha-t, pi. jand'ib, 
jindb, janab, janaba-t, leading 
horse, camel, <fcc. 

is*^ janis, of the same kind, 
homogeneous ; of pure descent. 

\j***+janis, dead, deceased. 

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&*>+ janin, embryo; concealed, 
covered. 

(**) jahhy u, inf. jahh, turn off 
ignoniiniously ; — a jiha-t, juha-t, 
pi. -dt 9 side ; front, surface ; 
shape ; manner ; regard (e <$" , 
with regard to) ; cause, reason ; 
direction. 

*>W jahdd, hard ground ; — jihad, 
inf. in. of (»*e«0 ; invitation to 
profess the Islam ; war against 
the infidels ; war ; effort, zeal. 

jW> jihdr, open hostility ; inf. of 
(}&*) ; ^jW jihdran, openly, 
publicly, aloud ; — 8 jahdra-t, 
loud voice ; grace, loveliness. 

jW jahdz, jihdz, pi. ajhtza-t, uten- 
sil, tool, anything necessary, 
requisite, equipment ; furniture ; 
trousseau, outfit of a bride ; pro- 
vender ; rigging of a ship ; ship ; 
camel-saddle. 

JW juhhdl, pL of J*W , ignorant, 
&c. ; — 8 jahdla-t, ignorance ; 
folly ; rudeness. 

{\9±jahdm, rainless cloud. 

&W juhdna-t, young maid- servant. 

(s-««*) jahh, repulsive face. 

(•WO jahbaz, jihbiz, pi. jahdbiza-t, 
sagacious, penetrating, skilful; 
clever money-changer ; expert 
in coins and money matters 
(Pers.). 

(*£"**) jahas, a, inf. jahs, be easily 

agitated ; be excitable. 
(*%6*) jahjah, inf. S , cry out at ; 
cry out ; (m.) shine, be resplen- 
dent ; — ii. inf. tajahjuh, desist, 
abstain. 
0*6*0 jahad, a, inf. jahd, exert 
one's self in anything, endea- 
vour, make efforts; overload or 
overwork a beast; put to the 
test; emaciate; pain, vex, mo- 
lest; want food; eat much; 
turn the milk entirely into 
butter; — jahid, a, inf. jahad, 
be toilsome ; — in. inf. jihad, 
mujdhada-t, struggle against 
difficulties ; wage war against 
the infidels; — iv. inf. ijhdd, 



cause one to exert himself, to 
make efforts ; molest ; injure ; 
overwork; set to a thing zea- 
lously ; go far in a thing ; 
demand food ; lavish, squander ; 
be on one's guard ; appear ; 
come to light; be mixed up; 
be or live close to (J li) ; be 
possible ; — vi. inf. tajdhud, 
exert one's self ; — vin. inf. 
ijtihdd, make efforts ; be dili- 
gent ; consider well. 

J^6^ jahd, effort, exertion, zeal, 
diligence; affliction, misery; — 
bteojuhd, power, resources. 

(pae*) jahdam, inf. I , hasten. 

G**) jah&r, a, inf. jahr, jihdr, be 
public; publish, divulge; dis- 
close ; speak loud ; neigh ; see 
without a veil ; admire ; dazzle ; 
clean a well, hit on water ; esti- 
mate approximately, guess at; 
surprise by an early attack; 
deem numerous ; value highly, 
honour ; shake the milk-bag to 
make butter; travel over; — 
jahir, a, inf. jahar, be dazzled 
by the sun ; not be able to see 
in sunlight ; — jahur, inf. ju- 
hnra-t, have a clear and loud 
voice ; call, speak, read aloud ; 
publish ; show open hostility ; 
surpass, overcome, vanquish ; — 
iv. inf. ijhdr, publish, promul- 
gate ; divulge ; have handsome 
sons ; — v. inf. tajahhur, vi. 
inf. tajdhur, appear in public; 
— vn. inf. injihdr, be pub- 
lished ; — vin. inf. ijtihdr, clean 
a well ; consider numerous ; see 
unveiled, uncovered. 

J&- jahr, S jahra-t, publicity (\j&- 
jahran, ^e* jahraian, publicly, 
evidently, aloud) ; loud voice ; 
a space of time ; — juhr, grace- 
ful figure, lovely face ; — jahir, 
public, manifest ; loud ; — 5 
jahra-t, what is known, evident, 
manifest ; — juhra-t, a yellow 
berry used for dyeing. 

V** j&hrd, plain, treeless ground ; 



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troop, <fcc, f. of jfr\ ajhar; — 
juhard', pi. of y*&t* jahtr. 
(?)*+)> rl - INF - tajahrum, defy (JLc 
'ala). 

(yo*) jahaz, a, inf. jahz (also iv.), 
finish off a wounded man ; — 
ii. inf. tajhiz, equip, fit out ; 
set up a bridal procession, a 
burial ; organise ; put in order ; 
address to; — iv. inf. ijhdz, see 
i. ; — v. inf. tajahhuz, equip, 
prepare one's self; adorn; be 
provided, ready, prepared; — xi. 
inf. ijhizdz, be ready. 

\yo* jahzd', f. high ; prominent ; 
projecting. 

(cr***) jahas, jahis, A, inf. jahs, 
Johns, jahas dn (also iv.), be on 
the point of crying and run to 
its mother (child from fear) ; 

— inf. jahasdn, fear, flee ; be 
on the point of crying; jump 
up, rise ; — iv. inf. ijhde, see i. ; 
be on the point of crying ; bid 
one to make haste. 

(u**0 jahad, a, inf. jahd, surpass, 
get the better of (ace), fore- 
stall in (fc>e 'an) ; — in. prevent 
and forestall ; urge to haste ; 

— rv. inf. ijhdd, surpass, be 
superior, overcome, vanquish ; 
cause one to desist and flee; 
urge to haste; make a mis- 
carriage. 

u^e* jahid, miscarriage. 

(^9^) jahdam, having a broad 
head and chest ; — hence : n. 
inf. iajahdum, behave proudly ; 
tower above, excel. 

(J?*) j<*hil 9 a, inf. jahl, jahdla-t, 
ignore, be ignorant, stupid, 
brutal ; show one's self igno- 
rant in ( J* 'ala) ; be indifferent, 
listless ; — n. inf. tajhil, call or 
deem one ignorant ; impute any- 
thing to ignorance ; — in. inf. 
mujdhala-t, act towards anyone 
with levity or carelessness ; — 
vi. inf. tajdhul, affect igno- 
rance; — x. inf. Ubijhdl, deem 



I ignorant; disdain, make light 
of; move (a.). 
J$> jahl, ignorance ; stupidity ; — 
juhl, Zjahala-t, pi. of J*W jdhil, 
ignorant, &c. 
W jahid, f. time of 'gnorance, 
heathendom ; — juhala*, pi. of 
Jj6* jahul. 
h***) jaham, a, jahim, a (also v.), 
frown at; — jahum, inf. jahd- 
ma-t, juhuma-t, be harsh and 
repulsive; have harsh and re- 
pulsive features ; — iv. inf. 
ijhdm, have rainless clouds ; — 
v. inf. tajahhum=i. ; — viii. 
inf. ijtihdm, enter on the last 
part of the night. 
f*9> jahm, weak ; — also jahim, 
morose ; — 8 juhma-t, troop of 
camels (80) ; — also jahma-t, last 
part of the night. 
((£***) jahan, v, inf. juhnn, be near, 

close at hand. 
<£«*■ jahn, moroseness ; — jvhn, 
current near the sea-coast ; — i 
jnhna-t, beginning of night. 
(**&• jahannam, hell; — ^ jahan- 

namiyy, hellish. 
\y&- jahwd', f. cloudless; bare, 

naked. 
»>j6* jahud, zealous, eager, dili- 
gent. 
0j*O fahwar, inf. S , deliver in e. 

loud voice. 
)]¥* jahiir, loud, having a clear 
voice ; — jahwar, bold ; — I juhu- 
ra-t, loudness of voice ; pretti- 
ness ; — ^ jahwariyy, spoken 
aloud ; having a loud voice ; 
pretty. 
£*j0*- jahuda-t, slyness, cunning- 

ness, archness. 
Jj6* jahul, pi. juhala', very igno- 
rant ; crude, brutal ; — h juhiU 
liyya-t, ignorance. 
(vj*0 jahh A > INF » joihan, get 
devastated, fall in ruins; — 11. 
inf. tajhiya-t, widen a wound ; 
— in. inf. mujdhdt, boast to, 
try to surpass in glory; — iv. 
inf. ijhd\ be distinct, open ; be 



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clear; enjoy the bright weather; 
be niggardly ; bring no child to 
the husband ; — vi. inf. tajdhi, 
boast to each other, Tie for 
glory. 

•M* jahid, toilsome ; frequented 
by cattle. 

f&* jahir, of a loud Toice ; loud ; 
pi. juhard', of a handsome face. 

yeto- jahiz, nimble, agile, swift. 

(jA^ jahtd, miscarriage ; abortive. 

{&&* jahin, rust of a mirror. 

ft- jaw-in=< t sy* jawan; — jaww, 
pi. ajwd*, jiwd*, atmosphere ; 
air ; sky ; wide valley ; open 
pasture- ground ; interior of a 
house ; hall ; Yamama ; — iju'a~t, 
reddish brown ; — juwwa-t, id. ; 
cavity ; rugged ground. 

\f* jawwan, inside, within ; — 
jiwd', pi. ajwiya-t, wide valley ; 
wallet ; — pi. of •*» jaww. 

««r»\j* jawdb, pi. ajwiba-t, answer; 
speech, assertion; — jawwdb, 8 
jawwdba-t, traveller through the 
deserts ; wanderer. 

«^ty* ju'asa, tripe, guts. 

*>V* J awil d, pi. ajwdd, ajdwid, 
juwadd\ jud, juwada-t, liberal, 
generous, kind ; pi. jiydd, ajydd, 
ajdwid, generous horse, excel- 
lent steed ; — juwdd, violent 
thirst ; — jawwdd, highroads, 
causeways, pi. of 8*>W- jdda-t. 

<j*»>\y* jawddis, pi. f . of ^-*>W jddis, 
effaced, uncultivated, &c. 

j\y* jawdr, deep water ; area of a 
house ; ships ; — jiwdr, neigh- 
bourhood ; protection, inf. hi. 
of (jj+) ; — jawwdr, farmer, 
peasant. 

^r>yft- jawdrib, 8 jawdriba-t, pi. of 
s^y* jaurab ; — ^ jawdribiyy, 
maker of stockings, hosier. 

tflf* jawdrih, wild beasts; limbs 
of the body, pi. of &**jW jdri- 
ha-t. 

U*>V jawdris, pi. f . of ^W jdrie, 
ag. of (wft). 

\j*ff* jawdrti, pi. -at, cordial (s.) ; 
spice (Pers.). 



«4>V" fawarh female slaves, &c, pi. 
of h)W jdriya-t. 

$f*- jawdz, lawfulness ; allowable- 
ness ; passage ; transit ; pass- 
port ; — jiwdz, INF. hi. of ( jyh) ; 
— juwdz, thirst ;—jawwdz 9 seller 
of nuts. 

JiV* j&wazil, pi. of J iW»- javzal. 

Pity* jawdzim, pi. oi pjW jdzim, 
cutting off, &c. 

<3)V* jawdzi 1 , waste, wild; wild 
animals, game. 

<j*\j* jawwds, spy; lion; — jawdss, 
pi. senses. 

UMy* jawdsiq, pi. of <J^*j* jausaq. 

cre-*V* jawdsis, spies, Ac, pi. of 

U+y-W jd»U8. 

if^f*- jawdsin, pi. of (j*ft jaus'an. 

Mj* juwdz, impatience ; — jawwaz, 
melancholic ; — 8 juwwdza-t, 
melancholy. 

Jfy* jawwdl, who travels to and 
fro ; — jawdll, exiles, pi. of &W 
jdlla-t ; — 8 jawdla-t, the best 
part of a thing ; — pi. of Jj* 

J 'id. 
\yt jawdlib, pi. of s-JW jdlib, 

curative. 
C*V* jawdlih, gossamer. 
<jfi*y+ jiwdliq, juwdliq, pi. jawdliq, 

jawdliq, jawdliqdt, large corn- 
sack. 
aV*W jawdmih, salary, wages, pi. 

ot l(Z*W jdmikiyya-t. 
ijH&Af*. jawdmis, buffaloes, pi. of 

u*yW jdmus. 
&W jawdnna-t, the buttocks. 
J^9» jawdni, pi. sides; — jawwd- 

niyy, interior ; concealed ; the 

inside, interior (s.). 
J*\)* fawohir, pi. of j*¥t jauhar ; 

— ^ jawdhiriyy, jeweller. 
U^V* j^^dhidy foals, pi. of &**W 

jdhit/a-t. 
s-J\j* jawd'ib, pi. rumours. 
jftj%. jawd'iz, pi. of yfa- jd'iz, 8 

jd'iza-t, q.v. 
(s^*) jab, xx, inf. jawfc, tajwdb, 

split, tear, cut through; break 

stones ; — u, i, travel over, 

wander through ; pass ; bring ; 



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give birth ; — u, i, inf. jaub 
(also ii. and vni.), put a front 
or a slit to a shirt ; — n. inf. 
tajurib, id. ; — in. inf. mujd- 
waba-t, answer ; respond, re- 
turn; (m.) resound; — iv. inf. 
ijdb, ijdba-t, answer, respond ; 
reply to (ace.) ; come at call ; 
grant a request, consent ; 
bring forth fruit, plants, Ac.; 
— v. inf. tajawwub (also vn.), 
be torn ; — vi. inf. tajdivub, 
answer to one another ; — 
vn. inf. injiydb=Y. ; stretch 
out the neck ; — vni. ijtiydb, 
see i. ; split ; travel over, pass 
through; dig a well; — x. inf. 
istijdba-t, answer ; listen to, 
grant a prayer; consent, ap- 
prove. 

««r»j* jaub, journey, travelling over ; 
pL ajwdb, shield; strap; shirt 
without sleeves ; hearth ; — S 
jauba-t, pi. juwab, opening, in- 
terstice ; breach; hole. 

*&>f> jaus, tripe, guts ; — jausd', 
id. ; — f . of ajwas, arched. 

ytft- juju\ pi. «j*W ja'dji', breast, 
chest ; fore-part of a ship. 

(ej*) jdh, u, inf. jauh, destroy, 
annihilate ; turn aside from the 
right way ; — n. inf. tajwih, 
pull off the shoes; — iv. inf. 
ijdha-t, vni. tnf. ijtiydh, anni- 
hilate. 

(^».^) jauham, centifoliate rose. 

(£**) jdh> u » INF * J au h> undermine 
and break the banks ; — n. inf. 
tajurift, id. ; throw down ; — v. 
inf. tajawwuh, fall in ruins ; 
burst. 

tf* juh, pi. ajwdfc, cloth (m.) ; — S 
jufra-t, hole in the earth; (m.) 
overcoat with long sleeves ; — ^ 
jauha, f . weak. 

(•>;*-) jdd, u, inf. jauda-t, excel, 
be of the best qualitv ; benefit, 
do good ; — inf. jUd, be liberal ; 
expose one's self to deadly 
danger ; be quick, fleet ; — jaud, 
juw'dd, be plentiful ; water abun- 



dantly; inf. juda-t, be on the 
point of dying from thirst; 
pass, long ardently for («J\ 
ila) ; sleep, slumber ; — inf. 
jaud, ju*ud, shed tears abun- 
dantly ; — ii. inf. tajwid, render 
good, excellent, liberal ; mend ; 
be a good race-horse ; — in. inf. 
mujdwada-t, vie with another 
in liberality and beneficence; 

— iv. inf. ijdda-t, ijwdd, give 
abundantly ; do or say any- 
thing excellent ; have an exqui- 
site race-horse ; generate an 
excellent son ; — v. inf. tajaw- 
wud, take the best part for 
one's self ; — x. inf. isiijdda-t, 
make claims on anybody's libe- 
rality; deem or find anything 
excellent ; demand the best. 

*>j* jaud, abundant rain; pi. of 
*5W jdHid, abundant ; beneficent ; 
— jiid, liberality ; liberal ; pi. 
of *>\y* jawdd, and *e*\ ajyad, 
having a long and beautiful 
neck ; — I jiida-t, jauda-t, good- 
ness, excellence ; best quality ; 
superior qualifications; inf. of 
(•***) 5 — juwada-t, pi. of *>\y* 
jawdd. 

\*j* juwadd' , pi. of *\y*- jawdd. 

iSty*- jaudiyy, liberal ; abundant. 

j*f* ju'zar, pi. ja'dzir, buffalo- 
calf. 

G**) 3 < * ir > u > INF * J aur > wander 
astray from (^ 'an) ; be un- 
just ; — inf. jiwdr, jawdr, sup- 
plicate for protection ; — n. inf. 
tajwir, deem unjust, accuse of 
tyranny ; (m.) hollow out ; — 
in. inf. jiwdr, juwdr, mujd- 
wara-t, be one's neighbour; 
to be neighbourly ; take into 
protection or clientship ; inf. 
mujdwara-t, stay in the temple 
and pray ; — iv. inf. jdra-t, 
ijdra-tf take into protection, 
protect ; free from tyranny ; 
cause one to turn aside from; 

— vi. inf. tajdwur, vni. inf. 
ijtiwdr, to act neighbourly and 



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protect each other ; — x. inf. 

Mjdra-t, sue for protection. 
)f* jaur, violence, oppression, 

tyranny ; tyrant ; (m.) stranger ; 

— ju*ar, abundant rain ; — S ju- 

ra-ty pi. juwar, hollow, cavity, 

hole ; — jawara-t } tyrants, pi. of 

f\+jd'ir, unjust, 
(v^) jaurab, * , pi. jawdrib, jawd- 

riba-t, shoe ; stocking ; — hence: 

jaurab, inf. 8, wear stockings; 

put stockings on a person. 
iS)f* jiiriyy, rose of Bengal. 

majdz, pass, pass by ; travel 
over, through, or on ; disap- 
pear ; be passable, allowable, a 
matter of indifference ; be pos- 
sible, happen ; inf. jawdz, irri- 
gate ; — ii. inf. tajwus, cause 
to travel over, pass through, 
perform ; carry through one's 
views ; present in detail ; de- 
clare allowable, permit; water; 
(m.)=tajwk t give in marriage, 
marry ; — in. inf. jiwdz, pass a 
place ; leave a thing and pass 
on to another; cross a river; 
cause to pass, to cross ; inf. 
mujdwaza-t, close the eyes to, 
pass over, be indulgent ; exceed 
the bounds, go beyond measure, 
make an excess ; — iv. inf. ijd- 
za-t, pass through and leave 
behind ; cause to pass through ; 
allow to pass ; carry over ; pro- 
vide with money for a journey, 
make a present ; carry through 
one's views ; allow, approve, 
confirm, ratify, sign ; authorise ; 
benefit ; give in return ; — - v. 
inf. tajawuruz, suffer, permit; 
pass over, be indulgent; speak 
figuratively ; abbreviate ; — vi. 
inf. tajdwuz, travel over, pass 
through ; exceed the bounds, 
commit excesses ; pass over, 
forgive, forbear with ; — vn. 
inf. injiydz, desist from, leave; 
desert to the enemy ; — vin. 
inf. ijtiydx, pass, pass by ; tra- 



vel over ; depart ; — x. inf. 
istijdza-t, ask for permission, 
for a gift ; deem lawful. 

jyh jauz, S, pi. -at, ajwdz, nut; 
kernel, stone (of a fruit), middle 
((^•jy 6 J auz rilmiyy, walnut ; © 
\f jauz bawwd', s-*kN t jauzu 7- 
tib, nutmeg; ^^^ ^jauz hindiyy, 
cocoa-nut) ; passage. 

\)y* jauzd\ constellation of the 
Twin3; Orion. 

Q\)ft* juzdn, pi. of >>W jd?iz, cross- 
beam, &c. 

vjyj* jauzaq, S , fruit of the cotton- 
tree ; — ^jauzaqiyy, seller of the 
fruit of the cotton-tree. 

JjJ* i« w *aJ> pl- jawdzil, the young 
of a dove. 

e^jj* jauzinaj, <3H)y* javxinaq, 
confection of nuts. 

(u*>0 jd 8 > u > 1NP - J au8 > j<*> wa *Q' n > 
vin. inf. ijtiyds, look for eagerly, 
search. 

<3~y* jausaq, pl. jawdsiq, palace ; 
zodiac. 

(Jby*)jaus, breast; middle; night- 
journey ; — hence v. inf. tajaw- 

. wus, be partly over; enter the 
middle of a country. 

0jft^ jausan, pl. jawdJin, armour, 
coat of mail ; breast ; midnight ; 

— <3 jausaniyy, armour-maker, 
armourer. 

(t^) jdz, u, inf. jauz, jawazdn, 
step along proudly ; strut ; 
grieve, render sorrowful ; — n. 
inf. tajwiz, and v. inf. tajawwuz, 
hasten, run. 

(Zf*-) i^'> 1NF - i att *> jaw'a-J, majd- 
'a-t, be hungry ; thirst for ; wish 
for eagerly;— ii. inf. tajwi', 
rv. inf. ijwd 1 , starve ; — v. inf. 
tajawwu', master one's hunger ; 

— x. inf. istijd'a-t, show one's 
self always hungry. 

gj> jff, hunger (s-**N g jih'u 'Z- 
kalbi, ravenous hunger) ; — juw- 
wa\ pl. of £?W jd'i', hungry ; — 
Ijau'a-t, fit of hunger. 



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Q\fiy+ jau'dn* f. ^f* jau% pi. 
jiyd', hungry. 

(«-ty*) jdf, u, inp. jauf, be hollow, 
concave, bulging ; penetrate, 
pierce ; — n. inf. tajwif, hollow, 
render concave ; — iv. inf. ijdfa-t, 
penetrate ; shut ; — v. inf. to- 
jawwuf, be hollow inside ; be 
concave ; be concealed in the 
hollow interior, penetrate to it, 
pierce; — vm. inf. ijtiydf=Y. ; 
be spacious. 

**Jfi- jauf, last third of the night ; 
pi. ajwdf, belly, intestines ; 
cavity ; inside ; middle, heart, 
core, principal part ; vast plain ; 
— j*ify pl- °f «-*j*^ ojwaf, hol- 
low ; — jawaf, spaciousness of a 
cave. 

^j* jaufd', f. of *~ty*\ ajwaf, hol- 
low. 

o*J* jaufiyy, * > hollow, spacious ; 
internal ; — 8 jaufiyya-t, hole, 
cavity. 

Gij*) j aw ^[f A > INP * jawafr be 
contorted ; — n. inf. tajtoiq, 
cry out at ; assemble (a.) ; — v. 
inf. tajawwuq, be gathered, as- 
sembled. 

\$f*- jauq, * jauqa-t, pi. ajwdq, 
troop, legion ; — jaunq, con- 
torted. 

(Jj*) 5<*l* u > INF - j* u h fil, juwHl, 
jawaldn, jildn, step around, re- 
volve ; pass through, travel 
over; rise; lead about; — inf. 
jaula-t, turn round in combat, 
vault ; flee and turn to attack 
again ; choose ; — n. inf. tajwdl, 
roam about ; — in. inf. mtijd- 
wala-t, turn around in a combat, 
try to attack in the flank ; — iv. 
inf. ijdla-t, turn, cause to turn 
around ; cause to circulate ; 
make roam ; — vi. inf. tajd- 
wul, turn around one another 
in a combat ; — vin. inf. ijtiydl, 
seduce ; cause to desert the true 
faith. 

Jy»- jaul, herd, troop; — jul, pi. 
ajwdl, jiwdl, jiwdla-t, coating of 



a well ; wall of a tomb ; coast, 
side; pi. jawdl, herd, flock; — 
jaul, ijauia-t, inf. of (Jj*). 

t$j* jauldn, dust and sand; — 
jawaldn, revolving (s.), revolu- 
tion, circulation ; vaulting (s.) ; 
drill, exercise; travelling through 
or over (s.) ; first movement ; 
emotion ; inf. of (Jj*). 

((•J*) j" m > u > INF - jaum, seek, 
crave for, demand. 

fft-jaum, allied herdsmen ; — cups, 
pi. of pW jam. 

(o^*) jaun, pi. jdn, red ; white, 
and, by opposition, black ; day ; 
— juri, bay, gulf ; — S jauna-t, 
disc of the sun ; coal ; red ; — 
jiina-t=jun ; blackness ; pi. ju- 
man, also ju'na-t, pi. ju'an, 
leathern box for spices ; — hence 
v. inf. tajawwun, paint white 
(bridal, chamber) ; paint black 
(door of the dead) ; vaJ\ J*\ 
ahlu H-tajaiowuni, voluptuaries. 

by* jaund', sun ; kettle. 

( 6 J"0 jdh> v, inf. jauh, receive 
gruffly ; prevent, hinder. 

tf* juh, face, look, features. 

yfcj* jauhar, S , pi. jawdhir, jewel, 
pearl ; precious ore ; essence, 
substance, matter, nature ; ele- 
ment ; soul ; marrow ; worth, 
excellence ; lines of a Damascene 
blade; veins of marmor, &c. ; 
diacritical point ; ^ © jauhar 
fard, atom (Pers.). 

i^tp ft jauhar jiyy, jeweller. 

i5y*9* jauhariyy, jeweller ; es- 
sential, natural ; elementary. 

Vtf* i^'tlft, pi. of v*W , q.v. 

l)f* ju'wa-t, reddish-brown. 

*±>)ft ju'ds, being frightened (s.) ; 
inf. pass, of (*A*W). 

G^yO jnwh A > INF - jawan, be 
passionately moved ; be af- 
flicted with a consuming chest 
fever; suffer from indigestion; 
have disgust or aversion; find 
unhealthy, inconvenient ; get 
corrupted ; putrify ; — n. inf. 



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tajvriya-t, tame, grow tame (m.) ; 
— viii. inf. ijtiwd, be seized 
with passionate grief, &c. ; con- 
sider unhealthy. 

<.Sf* jawan, jawa, fervour ; pas- 
sionate love; consumptive fever; 
stench ; foul water ; — jawi (j* 
jaw-in), aching; — jawiyy, having 
indigestion; unhealthy, unwhole- 
some ; f . 8 jawiyya-t, unhealthy 
country. 

•ty* juwayyid, liberal; yielding 
much milk. 

(o*) 5<*\ T > INF - J ai '> jai'a-t, magi', 
majiyy, come, come up sud- 
denly ; come with, bring ; — in. 
inp. jiydt , mvjdya'a-t, confront 
face to face; agree; — iv. inf. 
ijd'a-t, bring or lead up; urge 
on ; compel to take refuge with 
(^J\ild); mend; — lji f a-t,jiya-t, 
jiyya-t, stagnating water ; large 
cistern ; — jayya-t, putrefaction, 
stench. 

Vs* ji'd 9 pi. of SjVs*. jfdwa-t ; — 
jiyd\ inf. in. of (^);—jayyd\ 
approaching (adj.) ; — 8 jai'a-t, 
pus ; blood ; arrival ; inf. of 
(o*) > — j?a-t, stagnating water. 

**-W jiydha-t, annihilation. 

*>W jiydd, «y\jl^ jiyddcU, pi. of 
•*V* j aw dd an< i •***■ jaid. 

jW jayydr, heat in the stomach ; 
rage ; quicklime. 

&t*jiyd ( , pi. of &Wjd'i ( , hungry. 

«-*W jayydf, despoiler of dead 
bodies. 

JW jai'al, pi. jayd'il, hyena ; — 8 
jai'ala-t, pus. 

8j\s* ji 9 dwa-t, jiydwa-t, pi. V&*. 
ji'd', leathern case for kettles, 
Ac. 

.tfW jayd'id, pi. of ±t* jayyid. 

JfW jaydHl, pi. of JW jai'al. 

(s-«*) job, 1, inf. jaib, cut a 
bosom to a shirt or garment; 
split, cut ; widen j travel over, 
wander through ; — 11. inf. 
tajyib, put a bosom or collar 
to a shirt or garment. 



jaib, 8 jaiba-t, pi. juyub, 
bosom of a garment; breast- 
pocket; pocket, purse; sine 
(in trigonometry) ; — 8 jiba-t, 
answer ; — ^ jaibiyy, 8 , referring 
to the sine, of the sine. 

(j***) joitar 9 short of stature. 

(o^v), see (*±>W). 

(e^)=(e^). 

(***) jayid, a, inf. jayad, have a 
long and graceful neck ;~j id, 
pass, of (*>j*). 

•***■ jid, pi. juyud, ajydd, long and 
graceful neck ; pi. of *x*^ ajyad, 
havin g such ( ad j .) ; — jayyid, 
pi. jiydd, jiydddt, jayd'id, good, 
excellent ; beautiful, handsome ; 
of best quality ; \«^ jayyid-an, 
very well. 

(^ J * l jaiddr, short, dwarfish ; — 
jiddr, holm-oak. 

&\±tfr jaiddna-t, f. having a grace-' 
ful neck. 

(^\>**** jaidardn, <£)<**&• jaidara, 
short, dwarfish. 

^•W jaizar, id. ; calf of a wild 
cow. 

( J**) jai r > quicklime ; — jairin, 
jairi, jaira, certainly; — jayar, 
shortness, smallness. 

)5* ja'ir, see (;W) ; — ja'ir, stout ; 
— ji'arr, abundant ; — 8 jira-t, 
neighbourhood; also — 

^ps* jirdn, pi. of jW , neighbour- 
hood, &c. 

y& jiz, cricket (insect) ; — 8 jiza-t, 
pi- jfe, jiya> 2 , side of a valley, 
side, coast, region; — jiza-t=&*r m ) 
zija-t, marriage. 

(y+) ja'iz, a, inf. ja'az, have fits 
of suffocation. 

eV* jfe ( * n > pl- oi fl*- jd'iz, cross- 
beam, Ac. 

(u^*0 jdiy 1, inf. jaiS, juyuS, 
jayasdn, be agitated, billow, 
boil; flow over; — 11. inf. taj- 
yU, raise an army; — v. inf. 
tajayyui, gather, assemble ; — x. 
inf. i&tijdSa-t, ask for troops, 
gather troops. 

<j*n>* jati, pl. juyHi, army ; legion ; 



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— jaM, q\a*&* jayafdn, inf. of 
(lA^) ; — S jUa-ty ebullition. 

(c-A*0 i«& x > inf. jatrf, turn aside, 
decline ; flee ; desist from fa- 
tigue ; — ii. inf. tajyid, id. 

<jAe* jiyadd, v _ 5 -4** jiyidda, proud 
gait ; — 8 jaida-t, fatigue. 

(b*0 Joz, i, inf. jayazdn, drag 
along under a heavy burden ;= 

(V)- 

^U^ jai'dn, hungry. 

f*$- jai'ar, hyena. 

O-A**) jdf, I, ii. inf. f <*/?!/, putrify ; 
— *jifa-t 9 yl.jiydf, ajydf, corpse, 
dead body, carcase, carrion ; — 
^jifiyy, carrion (adj.). 



( J**) i a #> side, coast ; — jil t troop 
of men ; tribe ; people, nation ; 
century, age; pi. ajydl, genera- 
tions, races. 

(^W jaildn, dust ; — also <£ jaild- 
niyy, dusty. 

(j*W) jailam, new moon. 

(/•**•) /^i letter g; — hence n. 
inf. tajyim, write such. 

t&t-jih, face, look, features. 

JfyWh jaihdbiiq, excrement of 
mice. 

(jjUe** jaihumdn, saffron. 

lj&*ji'awa-t, famine. 

&** jaVa-t^R** ; — ji'a-t = &* 



C A, as a numerical sign =8 ; ab- 
breviation for the 2nd Jumada ; 
as the sixth month of the Arabic 
year; also for 0*^ hin, «V&^ 
hina'iz-in, when ; — U-ss^U* 
J^N jumada al-awwal. 

<-r>t»- hdb, S hdba-t, sin. 

J*Vft. Aa&tZ, woof ; setting nets 
(adj | .) ; — * habUa-t, pi. habala-t, 
big with child ; pregnant. 

^W hdbi, who gives ; near. 

*?^ hdtim, pi. hut dm, who imposes, 
makes it a duty ; iudge ; raven ; 
name of a liberal man of the 
tribe Tai ; hence : ^^ hdtimiyy, 
very liberal. 

$W Mj, pi. of V*» Ao/o-t ; — Mjj;, 
pi.' hujjdj, hajij, hujj, pilgrim, 
especially to Mecca ; — 8 hdja-t, 
pi. hdj, hdjdt, hiwaj, hawdyij, 
anything necessary, requisite ; 
want, need ; necessity ; object ; 
utensil ; desire, wish ; a plant ; 
pi. hawdyij, things ; — hdjja-t, 
pi. hawwdj, woman who has per- 
formed the pilgrimage. 
*V hdjib, pi. hajaba-t, hujjdb, 
ag. of h-***» hajab, chamberlain ; 



door-keeper ; attendant ; edge ; 
pi. hawajib, eye-brows, lashes. 

e*^ hdjij, Mecca-pilgrim. 

y^ hdjir, partition, wall; dam; 
high road, causeway. 

y+\*- hdjiz, pi. hajaza-t, hawdjiz, ag. 
of ()*»») ; partition ; bar, list ; 
curtain ; dam ; diaphragm. 

,%*.L. hdjim, bath^keeper ; cupper. 

o*^ hdjiyy>=G^ hdjh pilgrim. 

»>L. hdd-in, see ^U. hddi ; — hddd, 
8, sharp, pointed; hot, strong 
(as spices) ; wearing mourning 
apparel (adj.); — 8 hddda-t, in- 
strument for making wire ; 
roller. 

*±>jU. hddis, happening for the 
first time or recently ; new, 
fresh; young; event; — I hddi- 
80,-t, pi. hawddis, recent event; 
news; accident, calamity; (m.) 
scruple of conscience. 

jfoL. hddiq, looking sharply at; 
penetrating ; clever, sharp. 

^oW hddi (»>W hdd-in), pi. huddt, 
camel-driver ; — h&df ; who de- 
fends; — jAa ^jU. hddi 'afar, 
the eleventh. 

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«jW 



S>jW 



3U hdz, back ; du. Aa? an, the but- 
tocks. 
j^W hdziq, sharp, penetrating; 
hot, piquant; intelligent, clever; 
jJVj jjU. Art^r hdziq, skilful; 
subtle. 
*UW h&zila-t, f . inflamed. 
jW Mrr, S, hot; glowing; sharp, 
piquant; difficult; j± t hdrr 
ydrr, very hot ; — 8 hdra-t, 
hdrra-t, street ; quarter ; house. 
*>j^ hdris, pi. hurras, ploughman ; 
peasant ; lion. 

|W hdrid, angry; grudging; pi. 
hawdrid, solitary ; lonely. 
U-jW hdris, pi. Aara*, aAra*, hurras, 
guard, watchman ; defender ; 
governor; vigilant; ^\ ^M 
al-maVahu-'l-hdri8U, guardian 
angel. 
v/»jW hdris, greedy ; ambitious. 
j ; U hdriq, 8, burning, glowing; 
hot-tempered ; — 8 hdriqa~t, 
fire. 
**5;W Mn&, moving ; withers, 
vj^ Aa«i6, pi. huzb, hawdzib, diffi- 
cult; grave, serious. 
; jW Ad«ir, bitter, sour ; morose. 
pjW Aastra, pi. hazama-t, prudent ; 

resolute. 
8jU hdzza-t, pi. Aawajw, what op- 
presses the mind. 
U-W hdss, 8, perceiving by the 
senses; — 8 hdssa-t, pi. hawwds, 
sense, perception by the senses. 
s-~^ A(foi6, pi. hasaba-t, hussdb, 

paymaster; accountant. 
ju.W Ackid, pi. hussad, hussdd, 

hasada-t, envious ; envier. 
j*X*. hdsir, pi. hussar, free, empty, 
bare; without weapon of de- 
fence. 
a~\*. hdsim, destructive. 
{S ^ hdsiyy, 8 , perceiving^ by the 
senses; sensitive; — 8 hdsiyya-t, 
sensibility, sensitiveness. 
^.U hd&, v*W hdid, JA+- hd&d, 
except; God forbid! without 
offence ! 
S^W hdtiya-t, pi. hawdH, edge, 



rim, border; hem; marginal 
note ; appendix ; supplement ; 
postscript ; (m.) digression ; 
region, tract ; shade, protection ; 
attendants. 
s-°^ hdsib, pi. hawdsib, storm, 

such as to throw up pebbles. 
A*W hdsid, pi. hasada-t, hussdd, 

mower; reaper. 
J-W hdsir, who besieges, block- 
ades ; astringent ; accountant ; 
mat. 
J-W hdsil, pi. hawdsil, what hap- 
pens, ' results, remains finally; 
produce ; sum, product, quotient 
in arithmetic ; advantage, gain ; 
tax, custom; (m.) corn-maga- 
zine, store-house, store-room, 
pantry. a t 

^U. hdsin, 8 hdsina-t, pi. hawasin, 

chaste (woman). 
w*U hddir, 8, pi. huddar, hudur, 
present, before the eyes, ready 
(also applied to money) ; the 
present tense ; second person ; 
pi. huddar, hadara-t, settled, 
domiciled ; inhabitant of a 
village or town ; family ; tribe ; 
— 8 hddira-t, fixed residence, 
village, town. 
^U hddin, pi. hudddn, who em- 
braces, caresses ; — 8 hdsina-t, 
pi. hawddin, nurse ; midwife. 
s-Uft.' hdfib, gathering wood; in 
rhetorical parlance : one who 
picks up phrases carelessly. 
r jUL hdfum, pi. hawd(im, what 
promotes digestion ; want, lack ; 
crushing. 
^W hdf-in, see J>\*> hdfi\ — haff, 
surrounding, ag. of («-*^) ; — 
8 hdfa-t, edge, rim, border; 
coast ; need ; adversity ; — pi. 
of s-fr*. 
jjW hdfid, pi. hafad, hafada-t, 
haw'dfid, ahfdd, grandson ; active 
servant ; helper, assistant. 
JU hdfir, ag. of (/■*) ; pi. hawdfir, 
hoof, claw ; hoof-print ; foot ; — 
8 hdfira-t, beginning; original 
state ; road, trace, track. 



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&*±i\*> hdfiia-t, watercourse. 

k*^* hdjiz, 8, pi. huffdz, hafaza-t, 
ag. of (bfc.) • God ; guardian, 
watcher; governor; who knows 
the Koran b y heart ; — 8 hdfiza-t, 
memory. 

J*^ hdfil, pi. Ati/aZ, entirely full. 

^Vft. hdfi (uW hdf-iri), pi. Att/<&, 
bare-foot; unshod (hoof ) ; judge; 
benevolent; merry. 

d^hdqq, perfect; truthful; middle; 

— 8 hdqqa-t, pi. hawdqq, what is 
sure to come; Day of Judgment ; 
perfect, truthful, zeal. 

(£iW hdqin, suffering from dysury ; 

— 8 hdqina-t, pi. hawdqin, sto- 
mach; abdomen. 

d\*» hdk'in, see hdhi ; — 8 hdka-t, 
pi. of *\S\o» Mik ; — h'dhka-t, 
tooth. 

pS\*~ hakim, pi. hukkdm, judge; 
governor. 

ZjjZ^ hdkwra-t, pi. hawdkir, vege- 
table-field ; enclosure (m.). 

^5*^ hdhi (*sJU. hdk-in), pi. hukdt, 
narrator. 

JW AaZ, pi. ahwdl, ahwila-t, state, 
condition, circumstance ; posi- 
tion ; rank, profession ; present 
time ; ^\ (^~J lis dn aUhdl, 
language befitting the circum- 
stances ; — hdll, pi. hvltU, 
hulldl, hullal, descending, im- 
pending, due ; — 8 hdla-t, pi. 
hdldt, hdl, state, condition. 

s-J^ hdlib, pi. halaba-t, milker; 
pi. hawdlib, groin (m.). 

jpU. hdliq, f . 8 , pi. halaqa-t, 
barber ; epilatory ; — hdliq, 8 
hdliqa-t, one who is unfortu- 
nate, miserable ; — hdliq, pi. 
hawdliq, full udder ; hill ; 
night. 

«cUW h&lik, pitch dark, black as a 
raven. 

^U hdlim, ag. of (^-) ; mature 
(youth) ; cress. 

^JL. hdhU, sickle (m.). 

JW hdliyy ( J^ &iZ-itt), referring 
to the present time or state; 



modern ; in present currency ; 
8 hdliyya-t, present participle ; 
conditionally ; — hdli, 8 , pi. 
hawdli, adorning one's se&; 
adorned ; ornamental ; hand- 
some, lovely, graceful; (m.) 
small peas ; — 8 hdl?a4, a 
poisonous snake. 

fS*> hdm, Ham ; — 8 hdmma-t, 
grandees, noblemen, gentry. 

y\** hdmiz, strong ; sharp, piquant ; 
wide awake, witty. 

^•^ hdmid, 8 , sour ; bitter ; salt ; 
embittered. 

J*W hdmU, pi. hamala-t, porter; 
oP'jH c hdmil al-wahy, Gabriel ; 
— also 8 hdmila-t, big with 
young, pregnant ; laden with 
fruit ; overflowing ; — hdmila-t, 
pi. hawdmil, river-bed ; hand- 
basket. 

^5*V*. hdmi (pW hdm-iri), 8 , glowing, 
burning hot ; pi. humdt, f . 8 , pi. 
hawdmi, protector ; clientship, 
defensive alliance ; — hdmiyy, 
Hamite, descendant of Ham. 

q\** hdnn, greedy; agitated, moved; 
f . 8 hdnna-t, calling for her foal 
or young one ; — 8 hdna-t, wine- 
house, tavern. 

UL. hdnif, crimson. 

**XJ^ £<2ni&=<*Ulft- hdlik. 

u^yVe. hdnut, pi. hawdnit, wine- 
house ; shop, office. 

^y U. hdnawiyy, inn-keeper ; shop- 
keeper; ofliciai. 

<^W hdwi ()W haw-in), 8, com- 
prising, encompassing, contain- 
ing; collector; ledger; snake- 
charmer ; — 8 hawiya-t, and — 

\£*- hdwiyd 9 , pi. hawdwi, gut, 
intestine. 

s-*J^ hd'ib, sinner, criminal (s^). 

E?U. hd'ij, wanting (gj*-). 

•tf^ fyd'id, deviating ; wanderer 

M. 

/U. MHr, 8, confused, perplexed 
(/W c hd'ir bd'ir, who has 
entirely lost his head) ; lean, 
thin j low-land, garden ; pi. 



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htirdn, hirdn, placo where water 
gathers. 
y^» h&'ix, who obtains, possesses 

{jSS*. hd'id, pi. huyyad, 8 hd'ida-t, 

pi. haw 6? id, having the menses. 
WW. fcd'if, pi. hitdn, hiydf, wall; 

enclosure; garden. 
*-tfW £<£'*/> pi. hdfa-t, huyyaf, edge, 

border, side ; cruel. 
«*AJW hd'ik, pi. hdka-t, huyyak, f. 

8 hd'ika-t, pi. hawd'ik, weaver. 
Jft»> &<fi7, pi. AiyaZ, £mZ, huwwal, 

Mlal, ag. of (J^), q.v. 
jJU. hd'im, pi. huwwam, thirsty, 

eager for, desirous ; flying around 

(rr)- 

^W Aayt (^U. hay-in), alive, 
living. 

(s-*») Aa66, i, inf. hibb, hubb, love, 
be in love, like; desire, wish 
for ; pass, be tired ; — habib, 
a, habub, inf. habab, make 
friends with (,J\ ila) ; — n. 
inf. tahbtb, render dear, en- 
dear ; run to seed ; make pills ; 
— in. inf. hibdb, muhdbaba-t, 
muhdbba-t, cultivate one's friend- 
ship ; show love to (ace.) ; — iv. 
inf. ihbdb, love; desire, crave 
for ; prefer ; be run to seed ; 
kneel down without stirring 
any more (camel) ; — v. inf. 
tahabbub, show love ; — vi. inf. 
tahdbby love one another ; — x. 
inf. istihbdb, find amiable, beau- 
tiful, agreeable ; love ; prefer to 
(Jo l ala). 

hobby pi. hubiib, hubbdn, grain ; 
corn ; seed ; berry ; nut ; pill ; 
bud ; d£+3>\ c habb al-muluk, 
cherry ; pU*J\ t habb al~gamdm, 
hail-stone ; — hibb, hubb, love, 
friendship, benevolence ; — hibb, 
pi. ahbdb, hibbdn, lover, beloved 
one, friend; — hubb, pi. ahbdb, 
hibaba-t, hibdb, grape-stone ; 
wine- jug ; — habb-a, ** s-*»- habb-a 
bi-hi, how nice ! how beautiful ! 
— 8 habba-t, pi. habbdt 9 grain, 
corn, berry ; globule ; blister, 



pustule ; grain (measure) ; mor- 
sel, trifle, a little ; s-*W t 
habba-t al-qalb, bottom of the 
heart ; original sin ; — hibba-t, 
pi. hibab, berry; — hubba-t, pi. 
hubab, beloved ; love, friend- 
ship ; also huba-t, pi. huba, 
grape-stone. 
V**. haba 9 , pi. ahbd 1 , favourite; — 
hibd 9 , gift, present ; — hubd, pi. 
of Sj*». hubwa-t. 
v*W^ habab, hubdb, 8, bubble, 
drop ; the deep ; — hibdb, inf. 
hi. of (s-^) ; pi. of s-*» hubb ; 
— hvbdb, love; loved, beloved 
one ; serpent ; — habbdb, seller 
of jugs. 
jW*. habdr, hibdr, pi. habdr at, hibd- 

rdt, sign ; trace. 
tj^ hubdrij, <4>W hubdra, pi. 
hubdrdydt, habdr i, habd'ir, bus- 
tard. 
l*X&* hubdta-t, medley, crowd. 
i*JWe* hibdk, pi. hubuk, strap; 
girdle, belt ; path, course ; orbit 
of a star ; — habbdk, lace- 
maker. 
JV*»- hibdl, pi. of J**- habl ; — 
hubdl, pregnancy ; fulness ; — 
habbdl, rope-maker ; — 8 habd- 
la-t, rope-making ; — hibdla-t, 
pi. habd'il, net, SDare, noose; 
string ; vine-shoot. 
(${**• hibbdn, hubbdn, pi. of s-»» 

habb, hibb. 
/W*» habd*ir, pi. of ^^ hubdra. 
Jfl*D> habd'il, pi. of &W*- hibdla-t. 
s-**»- habab, hibab, bubble ; row 
of pearl-like teeth ; fine set of 
teeth ; — hibab, hvbab, pi. of &«- 
hibba-t, hubba-t respectively; — 
8 hubaba-t, pi. of s-^ hubb. 
(/**) hubtar, short of stature ; — 

aUhabtar, fox. 
(©***) habaj, i, inf. habj, appear 
suddenly ; walk fast ; ap- 
proach ; — inf. habja-t, beat 
with a stick ; (m.) thrash ; — 
habij, a, inf. ftabaj, be puffed 
up with food. 

habhab, 8 , melon. 



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\±4** habbazd, well done! bravo! 
hence : n. habbaz, inf. tahbiz, 
call bravo, applaud, praise. 

(p*>) habar, u, inf. habr, em- 
bellish, adorn; benefit; (m.) 
meditate ; — inf. habr, habra-t, 
rejoice (a.), amuse, divert; — 
habir, a, inf. habar, have a 
luxuriant vegetation ; be yellow; 
be healed, pass. id. ; also inf. 
hubUr, rejoice (n.), be glad and 
content ; — 11. inf. tahbir, em- 
bellish, adorn ; (m.) provide 
the ink-bottle with ink; make 
striped garments ; — vi. inf. 
tahdbur, lend one another oxen 
for ploughing. 

yt* habr, liabar, gladness, cheer- 
fulness, contentment; benefit; 

— habr, hibr, a Jewish doctor, 
scribe, pontiff (^tcS\ ^\ aUhabr 
at-a'zam, the Pope) ; — hibr, pi. 
ahbdr, beauty ; ink ; — 8 habra-t, 
amusement, music and dance ; 

— habara-t, hibara-t, a striped 
stuff made in Yaman. 

fy*- hvbruj, pi. habdrij, hobdrij, 
bustard. 

iSp** hobra, Hebron ; — habriyy, 
(m.) ^j**- habrawiyy, pontifical ; 
solemn ; — hibriyy, maker of 
ink ; — hibariyy, seller of striped 
cloth of Yaman. 

(cr***) hobos, 1, inf. habs, mahbas, 
hold, hold back, retain, prevent ; 
confine, imprison ; devote to 
pious use; envelop, wrap up; 
— 11. inf. takbU, imprison, wrap 
up ; — in. inf. muhdbasa-t, try 
to hold back or prevent, pro- 
hibit, prevent ; — iv. inf. ihbds, 
imprison, keep prisoner ; con- 
secrate to pious use ; — viii. 
inf. inhibds, be prohibited, 
kept back, imprisoned ; restrain 
one's self ; — x. inf. istihbds, 
retire from the world ; live as 
a hermit. 

^ hobs, imprisonment; reten- 
tion ; pi. hvbus, prison ; — fyabs, 
hibe, pi. ajjb&B, weir, dam ; pond ; 



— hubs, hvbus, pi. ahbdt, pious 
endowment ; — • hubsa-t, reten- 
tion ; self-restraint ; silence ; 
impediment of speech ; difficulty 
in expressing one's self. 
hubasd*, pi. of u ~* s * habis. 

(ij^t*-) habad, u, inf. habi, also 
11. inf. tahbU, collect ; — v. 
inf. tohabbui, be collected, as- 
sembled. 

(j^i*. habad (also coll.), pi. hvbidn, 
Abyssinian, Ethiopian; — 8 haba- 
da-t, Abyssinia ; — ^ hobadiyy, 
an Abyssinian. 

(u**°0 habad, 1, inf. habd, beat, 
throb ; die ; — also habid, 1, 
inf. habad, make resound the 
string of a bow; fall down 
before the shooter; — u, inf. 
hvbUd, decrease ; lessen ; be not 
valid ; — iv. inf. ihbdd, invali- 
date, abolish ; make efforts, 
exert one's self. 

(j***- habad, motion ; pulsation, 
throbbing ; sound, noise. 

(W*0 habat, 1, inf. hobf, hubfy ; 
also habif, a, inf. habat, come 
to nought ; be useless ; be 
spilt unavenged ; — habif, have 
the belly puffed up with food ; 
break up again; — iv. inf. 
ihbdt, nullify. 

(<3**0 habaq, 1, inf. habq, hobiq, 
hubdq, break wind ; — 11. inf. 
tahbiq, gather one's things for 
departure, put them in good 
order. 

)&**> habqar, hobaqurr, hail. 

&«a- hibiqqa, quick travelling or 
walking. 

(*gX*o.) habak, weave skilfully ; 
unite firmly ; lop, cut off ; — 
11. inf. tahbik, unite firmly, 
fasten tightly ; (m.) interweave ; 
twist a thread ; — v. inf. tahab- 
buh, be firmly united, tightened ; 
be girdled; work well together 
(parts of a machine, Ac.) ; — vin. 
inf. ihtibdk, weave well ; arrange 
and carry out well; be well 
woven ; be full. 



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262 



<*W hubuk, part, morsel ; coat 
of mail ; pi. of dif» hibdk 
and && *** haMka-t ; — hubukk, 
firm, strong ; — S habka-t, tex- 
ture ; — hubka-t, pi. hubak, 
strap ; girdle ; — habaka-t, vine- 
root. 

(;£**») habkar, inf. S , gather, as- 
semble ; — ii. inf. tahabkur, be 
perplexed, confused. 

( J-a.) hdbal, u, inf. AaW, set nets 
or snares, catch with such ; 
fasten with ropes ; make a 
covenant ; — habil, u, inf. hdbal, 
be full ; be pregnant ; conceive 
(woman) ; be angry ; — n. inf. 
tahbil, iv. inf. ihbdl, get with 
child ; — viii. inf. ifrtibdl, 
catch game with a net or 
noose. 

J**, habl, pi. hxbdl, hubul, ahbdl, 
ahbul, string, rope, cable (c 
(^L*+H habl al-maedkin, ivy) ; 
fetter ; far-stretching sand-hill ; 
vein, sinew ; covenant, com- 
pact ; friendship, protection ; — 
hibl, skilful, clever, prudent ; 
also habl, pi. hubiil, evil ; — 
hdbal, pregnancy, conception ; 
replenishing (s.) ; anger ; — 8 
habla-t, hdbala-t, hubla-t, vine- 
root, shoot; — hubla-t, pi. hubal, 
neck-tie ; — habala-t, pi. of &*U. 
hdbila-t ; — ^ hubla, pi. hubla- 
ydt, habdla, pregnant ; big with 
young. 

0*j»» habldn, 8, full; enraged; f. 
pregnant, big with chDd. 

(q)-9*0 habin, A, also pass, hubin, 
inf. habn, haban, be afflicted 
with dropsy ; be enraged against 
(<> l ald). 

y**» fyabn, rose-laurel ; — hxbn, 
monkey ; also S hibna-t, pi. 
frubun, blister ; boil ; — haban, 
dropsy. 

U**. habnd 9 , f. of s-**^ ahnab, 
dropsical. 

(j<*») hdbd, v, inf. (idbw, crawl 
(as a child) ; not be able to 



move from weakness; appear; 
/give, present with ; prevent, 
detain, keep from ; — inf. 
hubuww, be near; be close to- 
gether ; — in. inf. hibd', muhd- 
bdt, show regard; show prefe- 
rence, favour ; abate from the 
price ; — viii. inf. ihtibd', gather 
the clothes behind or tie them 
up to the hips ; — 8 habwa-t, 
hibwa-t, hubwa-t, gift, present; 
— hubwa-t, hibwa-t, pi. huba, 
hiba, gathering and tucking up 
of a garment; loop or girdle 
for that purpose. 

*+>p*- hubub, pi. of s-*&* habb ; 
hence a new sing. : 8 hububa-t, 
grain; plague- blister ; pi. hu- 
bfibat, corn-fruit ; fruit with 
shells. 

)yi*» hubur, indolence, laziness; — 
hdbbUr, pi. habdbir, the young of 
a bustard ; — 8 hubura-t, know- 
ledge of the Jewish law. 

Jj**- habul, evil. 

<j**- huba, pi. of £**• huba-t and of 
8j*ft» habwa-t. 

s- * t» habib, f . 8 , pi. ahbdb, ahibbd', 
ahibba-t, hdbd'ib, beloved one ; 
lover; sweetheart, darling; c 
*&\ habib alldh, Muhammad ; — 
8 habiba-t, anything loved ; 
Medina ; — hubayyib, little 
darling. 

{j-***- habU, consecrated to pious 
use; hermit. 

&***» hdbika-t, pi. hubuk, habik, 
habd'ik, path in the sand ; orbit 
of a star. 

($&*• habin, dropsical. 

(u^) hatt, u, inf. Jicdt, wipe, rub 
off ; peel, shell ; strip the leaves 
from a branch; fall off; — vi. 
inf. tahdtt, vii. inf. inhitdt, fall 
off or out. 

u^ hatt, pi. ahtdt, making quick 
and long steps ; ostrich ; what 
has fallen off, anything dry, 
withered. 

0**-) hata', a, inf. hat?, beat ; lie 



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G 



m k 



263 



with ; twist ; fix ; sew, stitch ; ' 

unload. 
«A>V*a. hatdt, noise, tumult ; — hutdt, 

chips, shavings. 
jUd. hitdr, pi. hutur, edge, border ; 

circumference ; shell of the ear, 

prepuce. 
pUL hattdma=\* ^js** hatta md } 

until when? how long? 
(pU».), in, ihta'amm, inf. ihti'mdm, 

cut or break off. 
(c^^fe.) hathat, inf. I , fall off. 
(«xxa>) hatady i, inf. Ati&id, remain, 

stay ; — hatid, a, inf. hatad, be 

of pure descent. 
Asa. hatid, of pure descent ; — hutud, 

root, essence, origin. 

Cr°0 £afor, h u, inf. Aa£r, fasten, 
tie ; fix one's look at (ace.) ; — 
inf. hatr, hutur, present food, 
give to eat ; give little to one's 
people, prove niggardly; taste 
food, eat. 

f** hitr, present, gift; — hutur, pi. 
of ^ hitdr. 

v^ hatrab, short, small. 

(t^j**-) hitrti, short, small, dwarf- 
ish ; — hence n. inf. tahrds, 
assemble (m.) ; try to catch in 
running. 

(ijy^) hatraf, inf. 8, remove, 
push aside. 

(<j£**e-) hatas, u, inf. hatti, come 
together; fix one's look long 
upon ; pass, be seized with 
merriment. 

(cAse.) hatf 9 pi. hutufj death ; fol- 
lowed by <-&\ anf or ^i fam, as 
a complement : natural death. 

(**X**) hatak y I, inf. hath, hatakdriy 
walk fast and with short steps ; 
cut off, scrape or shave off. 

(J***) hatly gift, present; resem- 
blance, similarity ; the worse of 
two things. 

((**>) hatm f i, inf. hatm, inspire ; 
indicate; impose as necessity 
or duty; order, decree; decide 
finally ; fix, confirm ; — n. inf. 
tahtirriy finish. 



i*x*» hatm t pi. huttim, final decision ; 

order, decree, 
(fc^) hatin, a, inf. hatan, be violent 

(as heat, &c.) ; — vi. inf. tahatun, 

equal one another, 
e^ hatn, hitriy pi. ahtdn, similar, 

equal; comrade; du. two equals 

in anything. 
(^) fata, u, inf. hatw f run fast ; 

twist tightly. 
py*~ huturriy pi. of ^^ hdtim and 

f***» hatm. 
hjr*~) hata, i, inf. haty, also iv. 

inf. ihtd\ sew together; twist 

together ; fix, fasten. 
^jSd. hatta, until, as far as ; ^ c 

hatta mata t l* t hatta md, f^*- 

hattdmay until when ? how long ? 

hatta and q\ c hatta ann, until, so 

that; in order that; nay even; 

as well ; except. 

Ua.) has§y u, inf. hassy also n. 

inf. tahsis and rv. inf. ihsaSy 

instigate, incite, encourage ; speed 

onward ; — vi. inf. tahdss, do so 

mutually ; — vn. inf. inhisdsy 

pass, of i. ; — viii. inf. ihti§ds= 

i. and also its pass. 
fass, instigation, incitement. 
*Atec* hasdsy hisdsy sleep ; a black 

collyrium ; — hisds, pi. of 



o 



hashasy inf. S = (v±*».) ; 
urge, hasten (a.) ; flash ; move 
the pencil with collyrium to the 
eye. 

(r*0 fasir, A > INP - hasar, be 
covered with pustules ; be run- 
ning (eye). 

( J**0 hadly a, inf. hasal, be badly 
fed ; — iv. inf. ihsdly feed 
badly ; make the condition of 
anyone worse. 

(s-X^) hisliby dregs, sediment. 

(f*2+) hasam, u, inf. hasm, give; 
rub, rub off. 

(^) hasdy u, inf. hasw, give 
little ; — also iJ **> hasa, i, inf. 
hasyy tahsd', strew; be strewn 
upon the head, on a dead body, 
&c. (dust). 



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264 



«£>y». hasus, d^> hasis, pi. hisds, 

instigated, incited ; quick. 
(^) see (y^). 

(©■0 ^ih u » INP ; £ a i/> g° °y 

wander to, especially in pilgri- 
mage to Mecca ; desist ; get the 
better of in a lawsuit or by 
legal means ; — in. inp. hijdj, 
muhdjja-t, dispute, argue, de- 
monstrate ; plead one's case ; 
— v. inp. tahajjuj, proffer as a 
proof, reason, or pretext; — vi. 
inp. tahdjj, argue against one 
another ; — vin. inp. ihtijdj= 
v. ; excuse one's self. 

G»- hijj, pilgrimage to Mecca; — 
hujj, pi. of g^ hdjj; — & hijja-t, 
pi. -at, hijaj, a pilgrimage to 
Mecca; a year; ^\ ^ zii *l- 
hijja-t, pi. ^\ «t>^»S zawdt al- 
hijja-t, the last month of the 
Muhammadan year ; — hujja-t, 
pi. hujaj, proof, argument, de- 
monstration ; certificate ; docu- 
ment, deed, legal papers; sen- 
tence (of a judge) ; law-suit ; 
pretext, excuse, subterfuge. 

(l^e*) haja\ a, inp. haj\ rejoice 
at ; retain, keep back ; flee, take 
refuge; — ^3^ hajV, haji, also 
v. inp. tahajji, rejoice at, be 
greedy for or sparing with (v» 
hi). 

s-»^»* hijdb, pi. hujub, partition ; 
veil ; curtain ; bashfulness, 
modesty ; amulet ; — hujjdb, 
pi. of hdjib ; — 8 hijdba-t, office 
of a door-keeper or chamber- 
lain. 

C^ hajdj, hijdj, pi. ahijja-t ; eye- 
bone ; eye-brow ; side, edge, 
border ; — hijdj, inp. hi. of 
(©•0, arguing (s.); dispute; — 
hajjdj, quarrelsome, litigious ; 
dogmatical person ; tyrant ; who 
makes frequent pilgrimages; — 
hujjdj, pi. of t^» hdjj. 

jW*- hajjdr, stone-cutter ; mason ; 
— I hijdra-t, pi. of j** hajar. 

}t^». hijaz , rope ; region surrounded 



by mountains ; Hijaz ; — I hijd- 
za-t, hindrance ; — <^ hijdziyy, of 
Hijaz. 

JW** hajjdl, splendour, brightness. 

f^sa* hijdm, set of teeth; muzzle; 

— hajjdm, cupper ; bath- keeper ; 

— 8 hijdma-t, hajdma-t, cupping 

(■■)• 

(s-^e.) hajab, u, 1, inp. hajb, hijdb, 
coyer, veil ; separate by stepping 
between ; shut off, inclose, wall ; 
(m.) cup ; — n. inp. tahjib, veil 
entirely ; put out of sight ; shut 
off ; — v. inp. tahajjub, vn. inp. 
inhijdb, vin. inp. ihtijdb, pass, 
of 11. ; conceal one's self ; sit 
behind a curtain ; — x. inp. 
istihjdb, make anybody one's 
door-keeper or chamberlain. 

s-«»ft hujub, pi. of s-»^^ hijdb ; — 5 
hajaba-t, pi. of s-^^ hdjib. 

&+** ¥jaj> hujaj, pi. of l+* hijja-t, 
hujja-t respectively. 

( fc ^» r .) hajhaj, inp. 5 , recede ; be 
on the point of speaking, but 
abstain ; stop, stay. 

if***-) hajdam, pi. hajddim, sown 
field. 

G**0 hajar, u, inp. hajr, hijr, 
hujr, hijrdn, hujrdn, hinder, 
refuse admission or the use of 
a thing ; place under curator- 
ship ; — n. inp. tahjir, pelt or 
cover with stones; stone; turn 
into stone ; — v. inp. tahajjur, 
harden (n.), turn into stone, 
petrify; be very stony; — x. 
inf. istihjdr=y. ; make a room or 
stable for one's use. 

hajr, hijr, hindrance, prohi- 
bition, defence ; placing under 
curatorship ; bosom ; — hijr, 
hujr, unlawful, forbidden; pi. 
ahjdr, hijdr, wall, inclosure ; 
dam ; northern wall of the 
Ka'aba ; bosom; gathered seam 
of a garment ; seam of a shirt ; 
intellect; pL ahjdr, hole of a 
mouse, snake, Ac; pi. ahjdr, 
hujuW, hujura-t, mare ; the an- 
cient dwellings of the Thamud- 



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265 



ites ; — hujr, bosom ; embrace ; 

— hajar, pi. ahjdr, ahjur, hijdr, 
hijdra-t, stone; ^j-^ C hajar 
armaniyy, azure-stone, lazuli ; 
du. aUhajardn, gold and silver ; 

— S hajra-t, pi. hajr, hajardt, 
hiwdjir, side of a house, court- 
yard ; stony, f. (hajratan, sepa- 
rately, by one's self) ; bosom ; 
understanding, intellect ; — hij- 
ra-tj mare ; — hujra-t, pi. hujar, 
hujr at, hujar at, hujurdt, stable, 
fold ; room, chamber ; sepulchre ; 
wall-niche. 

oV^*" hijrdn, hujrdn, inf. of 
(j+*) ; — hujrdn, pi. of f*\** 
hdjir. 

iS)**- hajariyy, S , stony, of stone ; 

— 8 hajariyya-t, stoniness ; (m.) 
macadam. 

(>*■*■) ^j®*, u, i, inf. hajz, hajiz, 
hijdza-t t hijjiza, shut off, cover, 
conceal ; prevent from approach- 
ing, hinder; step between, keep 
asunder; — hajiz, A, inf. hajaz, 
have heat in the intestines and 
feel thirsty ; — in. inf. muhd- 
jaza-t, oppose, try to prevent ; 

— iv. inf. ijhdz, come or travel 
to Hijaz ; — vn. inf. inhijdz, 
be prevented, hindered; — vin. 
inf. ihtijdz, id.; gird one's self 
round the waist ; carry any- 
thing in one's bosom ; be 
gathered, assemble (n.). 

)+*• b<*jz> prevention, hindrance ; 

— hijz, hujz, origin ; relations ; 

— S hujza-t, pi. hujaz, girt, 
girdle; waist; ^ Sja Udda-t 
al-hujza4, patience, endurance ; 

— hajaza-t, pi. of y*^ hajiz. 
(< fty ), in. hdjaf, inf. muhdjafa-t, 

oppose, hinder; — vn. inf. in- 
hijdf, humble one's self ; — viii. 
inf. ihtijdf, abstain, desist ; ap- 
propriate ; — £ hajafa-t, leathern 
shield; breast. 
( J^bb-) hajal, u, i, inf. hajl, haja- 
Idn, hop ; run in leaps ; — i, 
inf. hujul, be sunk in its socket 



( e J©); — pass. inf. hajl, step 
between ; — n. inf. tahjil, have 
all four or three feet white or 
white-spotted. 

J^ft- hajl, hijl, hijil, hijill, pi. 
hujul, ahjdl, fetter, ring on the 
foot (also for ornament) ; white 
spot on a horse's hoof; — hijl, 
pi. hujul, horse with three or 
four white feet ; — hajal, pi. 
ahjdl, {m ^**» hijla, noun of unity 
8 hajala-t, pi. hujldn, male part- 
ridge ; — hajala-t, pi. hajal, 
hijdl, bridal chamber; bridal 
throne. 

J^^ hajld\ f . of J*«^ ahjal, white- 
footed. 

^W*- hajaldn, inf. of (J**-). 

((*+*) hajam, v, a, inf. hajm, 
hajdma-t, cup ; — u, i, inf. 
hajm, suck ; be high (breasts) ; 
muzzle ; prevent ; — n. inf. 
tahjim, look at sharply, with 
passion ; — rv. inf. ihjdm, cup ; 
desist from fear; show one's 
self cowardly ; forbear ; shrink 
back; refuse respect, help; be 
high (breasts) ; — vn. inf. inhi- 
jdm, get cupped ; — vin. inf. 
ihtijdm, get one's self cupped; 
cup. 

f***- hajm, pi. hujum, swelling; 
thickness; bulk. 

(fc^*) h a jin> A > j nf. hajan, adhere 
to; act miserly; stop, remain; 
be crooked ; — hajan, u, bend, 
make crooked ; divert, dissuade ; 
also vin. inf. ihtijdn, draw to 
one's self by a hooked stick ; 
hold fast ; — n. inf. tahjin, 
bend, make hooked or crooked. 

( 1 >^ hajan, S hujna4, crook, bend ; 
— hajan, hajin, tick (insect). 

(y+?») hajd, u, inf. hajw, suppose, 
be of opinion, assert without 
sufficient foundation; judge of 
a person ; remain, stay, stop ; 
adhere to a thing, be sparing 
with it ; keep (a secret) ; re- 
ward, requite; urge on; pre- 

34 



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266 



s^ 



vent ; surpass in solving riddles ; 

— ls^- h a ih A > INF « hajan, be 
addicted to, infatuated with (s-> 
hi) ; — in. inf. hijd\ muhdjdt, 
surpass in solving riddles ; pro- 
pose a riddle. 

hijan, hija, pi. ahjiV, con- 
siderateness ; prudence ; cun- 
ning ; riddle ; — haji, worthy ; 

— haj i, hajiyy, intelligent, con- 
siderate. 

W»- hujayyd, riddle. 

$«*»» hajij, S hajija-t, pi. of gVo* 

j**/** hajir, stony. 

<<y-^. hajjiza, hindrance, inp. of 

J****- Aa/iZ, having three or four 
white feet. 

(j>o.) hadd, u, and (m.) a, inf. 
hadd, sharpen; sharpen one's 
look ; confine, define, distin- 
guish ; restrain, prevent, hinder; 
chastise ; refuse ; — ij, i, inf. 
hadd, hiddd, put off all orna- 
ments ; wear mourning apparel ; 

— i, inf. hidda-t, be sharp, 
cutting; — u, and (m.) i, inf. 
hadd, hidda-t, be violent, em- 
passioned, enraged ; fly into a 
passion against (<J^ l ala) ; pass. 
hudd, be unhappy, unfortunate, 
miserable ; — n. inf. tahdid, 
sharpen ; confine ; define ; forge 
iron ; be a blacksmith ; — in. 
inf. muhdda-t, prevent, hinder, 
restrain ; oppose as an enemy ; 
grow passionate against; — iv. 
inf. ihddd, put off all orna- 
ments, wear mourning ; — v. 
inf. tahaddud, be limited, de- 
fined ; — vin. inf. ihtiddd, be 
sharp ; be empassioned, enraged ; 
fly into a passion ; — x. inf. 
istihddd, shave off the hair of 
the pubes. 

**** hida\ pi. of 8W hiddt ; — 
hadd, pi. hudud, limit, boun- 
dary ; term ; end, goal, aim ; 
district ; reach, sphere of action ; 



difference ; definition ; rule ; 
punishment ; edge, point ; pas- 
sion; intoxicating strength of 
liquors ; strength, bravery ; 
energy ; manner, way ; hin- 
drance ; (m.) side ; violent, 
passionate; — I hida-t, inf. of 
*>o*j wahid, being alone, solitari- 
ness ; — hidda-t, edge of a 
sword, <fcc. ; sharpness ; pas- 
sionateness; impulsiveness; im- 
petuosity ; anger ; intoxicating 
strength (of wine, <fcc). 

(W) hada\ A, inf. had\ turn; 
divert (a.), dissuade ; — ^^ 
had?, a, inf. hada\ take refuge 
with (<^\ ila) ; take into client- 
ship, protect; be angry with 
(JL* <ah,). 

W haddd, camel-driver ; — 8 ha- 
da'a-t, pi. hada\ hadd', double- 
edged axe, hatchet ; — hiddt, 
hida'a-t, pi. *>*• hida', hidd\ 
hid'dn, vulture ; hawk. 

t^jto. haddb, time of famine; — 
hiddb, pi. of s-****- hadab. 

*±>\±*> hidds, talk, chat ; — huddds, 
pi. of «A»^U. hddis, ag. of (*£*>*.) ; 

— I haddsa-t, newness ; youth ; 

— hiddsa-t, freshness ; begin- 
ning. 

Wj^ hiddja-t, pi. hadd'ij, camel- 
saddle or litter. 

oW hiddd, mourning, mourning- 
apparel ; inf. of (J^) ; pi. of 
J***** ha did ; — huddd, sharp, pi. 
ahiddd', ahidda-t, of a sharp 
intellect, of fluent speech ; pas- 
sionate ; — hadddd, pi. -un, who 
limits, confines, hinders ; black- 
smith ; tinker ; — £ hiddda-i, 
occupation of a blacksmith. 

&b»\<**> hiddJa-t=8*A<±*- hiddja-t. 

**W hiddya-t, vulture. 

(s^****) hadib, A, inf. hadab, bulge, 
be convex, be hump-backed ; be 
devoted, benevolent, kind, com- 
passionate ; not marry again ; 

— n. inf. tahdib, make convex ; 

— XII. ihdaudab, inf. ihdiddb, 



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s^* 



267 



be hump-backed; extend in a 
crooked line. 

S^** hadab, pi. hiddb, rugged 
rising ground ; back of a wave ; 
— hadib, kind, compassionate; 
hump-backed ; — hudb, pi. of 
s^j^ ahdab, hump-backed; — £ 
hadaba~t, hump ; being crooked, 
hump-backed; convexity. 

W* 3 ^ hadbd', f. of s-»^ ahdab, 
hump-backed. 

(«£>»&».) hadas, i, inf. kudus, hadd- 
sa-t, happen for the first time, 
happen, happen to (<J\ ila) ; — 
hadus, inf. haddsd-t, be new, 
fresh, young; — n. inf. tahdis, 
tell (something new) ; address, 
talk to (ij\ ila or s-» hi) ; ex- 
plain a text ; — in. inf. muhd- 
dasa-t, converse with (ace.) ; — 
rv. inf. ihdds, produce anything 
fresh, cause to exist ; drop ex- 
crement and get polluted there- 
by ; happen ; — v. inf. tahaddus, 
tell, converse ; — vi. inf. tahddus, 
tell to one another, converse 
together ; — x. inf. istihdds, find 
new. 

«£>**** hads, anything new ; recent 
event ; event, accident ; hids, 
hadis, who narrates well ; — 
hadas, pi. ahdds, id., pi. ah- 
dasdt, events, accidents; youth, 
young man ; f . S ; beginning ; 
pollution by excrement. 

gtfjko. hidsdn, novelty, freshness; 
pi. events, accidents ; young 
people. 

(&***) hadaj, i, f . had}, saddle and 
load the camel, especially with 
the litter for women ; accuse, 
calumniate ; cheat ; shoot ; look 
sharply at ; strike, hit ; — iv. 
inf. idhdj, put the load or the 
litter on the camel. 

$<*** hid}, pi. hudiij, ahdOj, load of 
a camel ; camel-litter for wo- 
men. 

(j**») hadar, u, i, inf. hadr, hudnr, 
descend; let down; swell and 



get hard ; cause to do so ; 
purge; surround ; be assembled ; 

— u, inf. hadr, hasten, do any- 
thing in a hurry; inf. hadr, 
hadar a-t, be fat and thick-set; 

— u, i, inf. hadr, flow over 
with tears ; — rv. inf. ihddr, 
cause to descend ; throw down ; 
hasten through the sea ; — v. 
inf. tahaddur, descend gradu- 
ally ; let one's self down, glide 
down ; swim down, flow — vn. 
inf. inhiddr, be let down; de- 
scend; swell. 

^ hadar, declivity ; — hudurr, 
thick, swollen. 

\y**. hadrdU, f . of y**\ ahdar, squint- 
eyed ; having thin flanks. 

g^ja. hadraj, inf. S , twist firmly. 

(a****-) hadas, u, i, inf. hads, 
wander about without a guide ; 
wander ; err about ; hasten ; 
surmise, conjecture ; intend ; 
purpose ; conquer in wrestling ; 
tread down ; — v. inf. tahaddus, 
inquire after the truth of any- 
thing. 

<j*»>o» hads, quick understanding ; 
foresight; guess. 

£*-.»*». hadsiyya-t, supposition, sur- 
mise. 

(jjto.) hadaq, i, inf. hadq, sur- 
round, encompass, enclose, wall 
in ; look at ; — n. inf. iahdiq, 
surround, look sharply at ; — 
iv. inf. ihddq, xn. ihdaudaq, 
inf. ihdiddq, surround ; — 8 
hadaqa-t, pi. hadaq, hiddq, 
ahddq, the black of the eye, 
pupil. 

(Jjto-) hadal, I, inf. hadl, hudul, 
also hadil, a, inf. hadal, be 
unjust against (^ l ala) ; have 
one shoulder higher than the 
other ; — (m.) i, inf. haddla4, 
smooth a flat roof with a roller 
and make it impermeable. 

J*>*- hadl, flat, smooth (m.) ; — 
hadil, unjust ; partial. 

(fj*o.) hadm, glow of a fire; — 



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hence: it. ahdam, inf. ihddm, 
burn, glow ; — v. inf. tahaddum, 
be glowing, burn with anger. 

O***") Aoc?a, u, inf. Aadw, Atrfa', 
hudd', urge on ; drive camels 
by singing to them ; incite, 
spur ; follow ; — viii. inf. ihtidd', 
urge on ; follow. 

^^ hudils, novelty, freshness ; 
originality ; happening of any- 
thing ; appearance ; invention ; 

— 8 hudusa-t, youthfulness. 
jy** hadur, steep declivity, preci- 
pice ; — hudur, descent, inf. of 
fjJke.) ; — 8 hadura-t, hudura-t, 
flood of tears. 

(^jto.) hadi, A, inf. W hadan, 
stick to a place ; — iv. inf. 
ihdd', do on purpose; — 8 hid- 
diyya-t^Z^ hidda-t. 

jbd\ ^j*. kada 'd-dahr, never. 

VjJto- hudayyd, being an adversary, 
antagonism. 

e- ^ vc. hadis, pi. ahdds, new, recent, 
fresh; p~l. hidsdn, youth, young 
man ; pi. ahddis, hidsdn, hadsdn, 
recent event, fresh news ; tra- 
dition of Muhammad ; story, 
tale ; conversation, chat ; — 
hiddis, talkative; — <j hiddtsa, 
tale, narrative. 

j*j^ hadtd, confining with, border- 
ing upon ; — pi. hiddd, of quick 
understanding, of fluent speech ; 
passionate ; — pi. hadaid, iron ; 
armour, helmet ; — 8 hadida-t, 
pi. hadd'id, piece of iron ; sharp 
sword ; weapon ; iron tool ; — <^ 
hadidiyy, 8 , of iron. 

^fijJ^ hadiqa-t, pi. hadd'iq, en- 
closed garden or vineyard. 

(Ao.) hazz, u, inf. hazz, cut off 
entirely. 

J*, hazz, cutting off, lopping (s.) ; 

— 8 huzza-t, slice of meat ; — 
hizat-an, opposite. 

\&+. hizcH , opposite; — hizd'-a, vis- 
a-vis; pi. ahziya-t, shoe, sandal; 
sole of the foot ; — hazzCC, shoe- 
maker. 



j\S*. j\S+. kazdr-i hazdr-i, take care ! 

be on your guard ! beware ! 
i5j\A»- hazdra, pi. of j^ hazir ; — 

hazdra, hazdH, pi. of hj**- hiz- 

riya-t. 
j^ hazdq, inf. of Gi^) ; — 

hizdq, huzdq, pi. of &$** hizqa-t; 

— huzzdq, pi. of J*>W hdziq ; — 8 
hizdqa-t, penetration ; sagacity ; 
skill ; learning the Koran by 
heart ; — huzdqa-t, mouthful. 

J\.fc>. huzdl, 8 huzdla-t, a red resin ; 

— huzdla-t, seam of a shirt; 
chaff.' 

Ij+AScp bi-hazdmir-i-hi, the whole 
of it, all. 

ii»» hazaz, mobility; wagging of 
the tail ; suppression of a watad 
rnajmu 1 at the end of a foot of 
verse. 

(jift.) hazir, A, inf. hazr, hazar, 
mahzura-t, be on one's guard ; 
fear for a person (^l* l ala) from 
((^ rnin) ; — n. inf. tahzir, in- 
spire with fear from (two ace.) ; 
frighten by threats; warn, bid 
to be careful ; — in. inf. hi? dr, 
muhdzara-t, fear from, be on 
one's guard against (^ rain) ; 
be afraid lest (<^ an) ; — v. 
inf. tahazzur, be on one's 
guard ; — viii. inf. ihtizdr, 
id. ; shun, avoid (ace. or ^ 
rnin). 

^ hizr, hazar, caution ; distrust ; 

— hazir, hazur, pi. -an, hazdra, 
cautious, on one's guard. 

q\1)±** hizriydn, very cautious. 

l\y**» hizriya-t, pi. hazdra, hazar t, 
comb of a cock; also ^;^ hiz- 
riyd, rugged hill. 

(*-iJ^) hazaf, I, inf. hazf, take 
away, cut off, suppress ; cut off 
part of one's hair ; throw, fling ; 
move the shoulders and hips in 
walking ; bestow ; despatch 
(business, &c.) ; (m.) adjourn, 
delay ; — n. inf. tahzif, make, 
prepare ; — in. inf. muhdzafa-t, 
delay, adjourn (m.). 



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<JS** hazf, elision ; apocopy ; sup- 
pression of a 8abab hafif at the 
end of a foot of verse, 
yd*, 'hazfar, inf. S , fill up. 

(j*^) hazaq, h haziq, A, inf. hizq, 
hizdq, hizdqa-t {hazq, hazdq, 
hazdqa-t), be skilful, well versed 
in anything (ace.) ; learn the 
Koran by heart ; — i, inf. hizq, 
hizdqa-t, cut, stretch out any- 
thing in order to cut it through, 
cut by tying too tight ; — inf. 
hazq, huzuq, be sour ; — inf. 
hazq, hizq, burn on the tongue ; 
— v. inf. tahazzuq, understand 
a thing thoroughly. 

j^ hizq, sharpness ; penetration ; 
skill ; — S hizqa-t, pi. hizdq, 
huzdq, piece ; cut ; portion, 
part. 

(JAo.) hazily A, inf. hazal, suffer 
with the falling out of the 
eye-lashes ; be red and watei 
(eyes). 

(,35^0.) hazlaq, inf. * , n. inf. 
tahazluq, show one's skill ; 
boast. 

(jJAe.) hazlam, inf. 8, walk fast; 
train ; shave and sharpen into 
a point ; — n. inf. tahazlum, 
walk fast ; cultivate one's mind 
and attain to excellence. 

(j,A».) hazam, I, inf. hazm, cut off; 
hurry ; inf. hazamdn, walk 
fast. 

{$** hazim, cutting. 

^•jte. hizmir, short-bodied. 

(gje.) hum, room, apartment. 

(jJto.) hazd, u, inf. hazw, hizd\ 
put the shoes on to a person ; 
measure one shoe by another ; 
do the same thing ; sit opposite ; 
burn the tongue ; give ; — in. 
inf. hizCC , muhdzdt, be opposite 
to one another; emulate, imi- 
tate ; — iv. inf. ihzd\ put the 
shoes on to ; share with (two 
ace.) ; — vi. inf. tahdzi, divide 
equally between each other ; 
share ; match ; — vin. inf. 



ihtizd', use for a shoe; put on 

the shoes ; be shod ; imitate ; 

pattern by ; — x. inf. istihzd', 

put on shoes. 
)**. hazw, SjAft. hizwaUa, opposite, 

vis-a-vis. 
(<3*°*) haza, i, inf. hazy, burn the 

tongue. 
li^o» huzyd, gift, present. 
(f») hart, for harir, a, inf. hardr, 

become or be free ; be born as 

a freeman, be of noble birth; 

— for harir, harar, A, i, u, inf. 
harr, hurur, hardra-t, be hot ; 
be thirsty ; burn the tongue ; 

— u, inf. harr, make hot ; — i, 
inf. harr, make silk garments ; 
n. inf. tahrir, examine mi- 
nutely; verify; compose care- 
fully ; write ; adjust ; — v. inf. 
taharrur, be set free, freed ; 
grow hot or hotter ; be carefully 
composed or written ; — x. inf. 
istahrdr, grow hotter; be em- 
bittered. 

f- har-in, see ^f- hart ; — harr, 
pi. hurur, ahdrir, heat ; — hir, 
hirr, pudenda of a woman ; 

— hurr, pi. hirdr, ahrdr, free ; 
set free, freeman ; born free 
and noble ; virtuous, genuine, 
true, pure, good ; unmixed ; — 
S hira-t, pi. hir un, pudenda of 
a woman ; — harra-t, pi. harr, 
hirdr, harrdt, aharriln, stony 
volcanic tract of land; thirst; 
pain ; punishment ; — hirra-t, 
violent thirst ; — hurra-t, pi. 
hard'ir, free-born, noble lady ; 
the first night of the month; 
freehold. 

\f> hard, » hardt, open place, court- 
yard ; nest ; lair ; crackling of a 
fire, flame. 

v>V» hirdb, £ hirdba-t, pi. (tirdbdt, 
warfare; pi. of &ij** harba-t; inf. 
hi. of (v»^). 

V3&V" fardba, hardbiyy, pi. of W^- 
hirbd. 

«a#^ harass notch of the bow ; — 



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harrds, ploughman, peasant ; — 
hurras, pi. of *A^Vo. hdris ; — 8 
hirdsa-t, agriculture; tilling of 
the ground. 

eV- hardj, selling out (s.) ; cry of 
a seller. 

*>\^» hirdd, pi. of a^ harid. 

j\j^ hirdr, pi. of ^ hurr and <;)\^ 
harrdn; — 8 hardra-t, heat, 
warmth ; passionateness ; fa- 
naticism ; thirst. 

U*V- hurras, pi. of <j*^ #uria ; — 8 
hirdsa-t, watch, guard. 

v^V- hurras, pi. of u^a^- #am . 

tjAf* harrdd, maker of potash, 
of mortar; — 8 hardda-t, love- 
sickness. 

&\f» hardfa-t, piquancy, sharpness 
of taste, pungency of spices. 

(j***\^* hardfU, pi. of J^^y*- hurfus. 

jj\ja- hurdq, very salt ; — also hur- 
ray, tinder ; fiery horse ; maker 
of mischief ; — harrdq, incendi- 
ary ; fire-brand ; fire-ship ; — 8 
hurdqa-t, hurrdqa-t, tinder ; — 
harrdqa-t, id. ; fire-ship ; fire- 
place ; glowing ball, bomb ; (m.) 
blistering. 

(j**V0 hardqim, reddish -brown. 

ij***\f» hardqis, pi. of \j>j*f* hurqiis. 

(p\j*-) hardm, unlawful, forbidden ; 
sacred ; pi. hurum, venerable, 
hallowed ; t o$ tin hardm, son 
of a prostitute, bastard ; — hirdm, 
(m.) woollen blanket ; inf. hi. 
of by*) ; pi. of ^f* harma ; — 
^5 hardmiyy, pi. hardmiyya-t, 
robber ; vagabond ; — hardma, 
pi. of iff- harma. 

^j*. hirdn, restiveness ; — harrdn, 
stony ground ; f . harra, pi. hirdr, 
thirsty ; strict. 

£j\jft. fyardwa-t, heat ; piquancy ; 
acidity. 

\i\f* fiardyd, pi. f . of <^*- hariyy. 

f\j*» kard'ir, pi. of lj* hurra-t and 
jif* harir. 

(s-»^-) fcarab, v, inf. harb, harab, 
rob, plunder ; wage war ; 
sharpen ; — harib, a, inf. fyarab, 
be seized with anger, have a fit 



of rage; be taken with hydro- 
phobia ; — ii. inf. tahrtb, pro- 
voke to anger ; irritate ; incite ; 
sharpen ; — in. inf. hirdb, mu- 
hdraba-t, wage war against, fight 
(ace.) ; — vi. inf. tahdrub, wage 
war against, fight one another ; 
— viii. inf. ihtirdb, id. ; be 
robbed entirely ; — x. inf. 
istihrdb, prepare for war. 

s-»^- harb, f. and m., pi. hurtib, 
war, combat, battle ; a brave 
one ; enemy ; — harab, rage ; — 
harib, pi. harba, warlike; en- 
raged ; — 8 harba-t, pi. hirdb, 
lance, spear, head of a spear; 
bayonet ; pi. hardbdt, Friday. 

Wj*- hirbd, f. 8, pL hardbiyy f cha- 
meleon ; — pi. hardba, sun- 
flower ; — hurabd\ pi. of sh>j»- 
harib. 

(ntf*) ^buj, big. 

<j2*?/* hirbis, 8 hirblsa-t, hirribis, 
hirribisa-t, poisonous snake. 

(u°^) harbas, inf. 8 , irrigate. 

(jty* harba, pi. of s-»^ harib ; — 
harbiyy, 8 , warlike, hostile. 

(ts>ja») harat, u, inf. hart, rub 
hard ; cut round ; — harit, A, 
inf. harat, be malicious, mis- 
chievous. 

(«A^ft.) haras, i, u, inf. hars, till 
and sow the ground ; gain, earn 
a fortune ; study carefully, 
especially the Koran; study 
law ; investigate into the truth ; 
poke the fire ; overwork and 
emaciate the camel ; marry four 
wives ; have frequent sexual 
intercourse ; make a notch to 
the bow ; — n. inf. tahris, make 
the oxen plough; suffer ship- 
wreck ; — viii. inf. ihtirds, gain 
a fortune. 

*»f- hars, agriculture, husbandry ; 
pi. hurils, tilled ground ; high 
road ; — haris, lion ; — ^ harsiyy, 
8 , referring to agriculture. 

(e^) harij, a, inf. haraj, be op- 
pressed, straitened ; be for- 



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bidden ; be kept aloof from 
the stallion ; be bewildered with 
fear ; commit a crime ; be dense ; 
— ii. inf. tahrij, straiten ; forbid, 
defend ; restrain one's self by a 
vow ; call to a public sale ; sell 
out, sell by auction ; (m.) molest 
by repeated demands or ques- 
tions ; set upon ; — iv. inf. 
ihrdj, straiten ; defend ; reduce 
to poverty ; compel ; — v. inf. 
taharruj, restrain one's self, 
abstain. 

gjft. hirj, haraj, narrowness ; nar- 
rowed place ; anything for- 
bidden ; crime ; — hirj, pi. 
ahrdj, a small white shell worn 
as an amulet, &c. ; pi. hirdj, 
trap for game ; — haraj, bier ; 
litter ; — harij, narrow, strait- 
ened ; criminal ; — 8 hurja-t, 
small bucket ; — haraja-t, pi. 
haraj, haraj at, hirdj, troop of 
camels ; thicket. 

(c-A^) harjaf, pi. hardjif, cold 
wind ; blast of wind. 

(J*/ 8 *) J^rjal, inf. *, be long; 
complete a good part of any- 
thing ; run to and fro. 

(f&f») harjam, 8, drive back to- 
wards each other ; — in. inf. 
ihrinjdm, press one another. 

(tj»0 harah, a, inf. harh, touch the 
pudenda of a woman. 

tf» hirh, pi. ahrdh, pudenda of a 
woman ; — harih, given to forni- 
cation. 

(f*f») harhar, inf. S , burn the 
tongue (as spices). 

(jyv) harad, i, inf. hard, pierce, 
bore through; hinder, prevent; 
intend, propose, be willing ; — 
inf. hurud, withdraw from one's 
people, i, also harid, a, inf. 
harad, be angry ; pout, be 
sulky, bear a grudge ; — n. 
inf. tahrid, provoke to anger ; 
irritate. 

•if- harad, anger, grudge, hatred ; 
— harid, bearing a grudge in 
solitude (adj.). 



Wj»> huradd', pi. of *ty* harid. 
q\*j* harddn, angry ; bearing a 

grudge. 
<#V" hirzaun, pi. hardztn, Libyan 

lizard ; crocodile. 
()f») haraz, xj, inf. harz, guard ; 

— hariz, a, inf. haraz, be cau- 
tious, on one's guard ; be worth 
the while ; — haruz, inf. hard- 
za-t, be strong, fortified; — n. 
inf. tahriz, warn one to be on 
his guard, be very cautious in 
a mattter (ace.) ; — rv. inf. 
ihrdz, guard carefully ; secure ; 
be on one' 8 guard ; serve as a 
refuge ; accumulate one's wages ; 

— v. inf. taharrva, guard 
against (^ miri) ; protect one's 
self with the help of another; 

— viii. inf. ihtirdz, be on one's 
guard against ; — xv. inf. 
ihrinzd 1 , be afraid ; be on one's 
guard. 

j;*- harz, protection, guard ; — hirz, 
pi. ahrdz, caution, cautiousness ; 
protection, guard ; means of 
protection ; amulet ; strong- 
hold, castle, fortification, gar- 
risoned town ; — haraz, nut ; 
also S haraza-t, what is to be 
guarded carefully. 

Gij/*) harzaq^, jnf. S , shut up, 
confine, straiten. 

(y-ja.) haras, u, i, inf. hars, guard, 
watch ; — i, inf. hars, steal from 
the pasture-ground ; — haris, a, 
inf. haras, live long ; — v. inf. 
taharrus, be on one's guard ; 
be well guarded or protected; 

— viii. inf. ihtirds, guard, 
protect, watch over ; be cau- 
tious, on one's guard ; steal by 
night. 

(j*^- hars, hirs, guard, watch, 
surveillance ; — hars, pi. ahrus, 
century ; . opportunity, favour- 
able time ; du. al-harsan, day 
and night; — haras, watchman; 
body-guard, pi. of <j*^ hdris; 

— sg harasiyy, pi. harasiyya-t, 



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guardsman, satellite ; pi. body- 
guard. 
(yj»j*>) harai, I. inf. hams' , tahrds, 
hunt for lizards ; — inf. hart, 
wound with the claws ; — haris, 
a, inf. haraS, be hard and rough 
to the touch ; — n. inf. tahris, 
make rough ; set against one 
another ; — in. inf. hints, id. ; 

— v. inf. taharrui, (m.) seek a 
quarrel, challenge, attack ; — 
vin. inf. ihtirds, hnnt for li- 
zards. 

J^a. hari, pi. hirdi, sign, trace; 
— hurs, pi. ahrdi, wood, thicket ; 

— hums', pi. of (j**/*- haris' ; — 
* huria-t, roughness. 

Ifcja- harstV, f . of \j»f*\ ahras, rough ; 
wild mustard. 

(Ula»j^) harSaf, scales of a tish, a 
coat of mail, <fcc. ; a kind of 
thistle ; troop, crowd ; — hence : 
in. inf. ihrinSdf, be prone to 
anger, to evil. 

(^©jft.) haras, i, inf. hirs, crave 
for ; be covetous ; pass, be 
entirely grazed off ; — n. inf. 
tahris, make eager, incite. 

iff hirs, greed, craving, eager- 
ness ; (m.) fruit-stone, pulp 
round the stone ; — hums, pi. 
of <j>}*- harts, ag. of (v/^°-). 

Ujfe. hurasd', pi. of u*>f~ harts, 

(u*^) harad, i, inf. hard, ruin 
one's self ; — i, u, inf. hurCtd, be 
emaciated by illness ; — harid, a, 
inf. harad, be low in body and 
mind ; not be able to rise on 
account of weakness ; — harud, 
inf. hardda-t, be on the point 
of death ; pine away ; inf. hard- 
da-t, hurild, hurtlda-t, be low in 
the world, despised ; — n. inf. 
tahrid, incite, instigate, encou- 
rage ; dye with saffron ; — iv. 
inf. ihrdd, make to pine away. 

\jbf» harad, bodily a^d moral 
ruin ; — harid, sickly, pining 
away; pi. ahrdd, hurddn, hara- 
da-t, from whom one may 
neither fear nor hope any- 



thing ; — I hirda-t, emaciated ; 
sickly. 

(«*-*/>•) haraf, i, inf. harf, turn 
round ; change ; carry on, traffic, 
gain, provide for one's people; 
— inf. harfa-t, lay on colly rium ; 
pass, lose part of (^ fi) ; — n. 
inf. tahrif, turn about, trans- 
pose ; alter, change, falsify ; 
move or bend a thing aside ; 
sharpen ; cut in an angle ; mend 
a reed pen ; — in. pass, hurif, 
have nothing to live upon ; — 
iv. inf. ihrdf, exert one's self 
for the sustenance of one's 
family; grow wealthy; over- 
drive, emaciate; requite, re- 
ward, punish ; — v. inf. taharruf, 
be changed, turned, transposed, 
falsified ; deviate ; be edged, 
angled ; — vi. inf. tahdruf, exert 
one's self ; think of means ; use 
stratagem against (<J^ *ala) ; — 
vn. inf. inhirdf, decline, devi- 
ate, turn aside to the right or 
left ; make a roundabout way ; 
be changed, turned, transposed ; 
— vin. inf. ihtirdf, carry on a 
trade ; — xn. ihrauraf, inf. 
ihrirdf, deviate altogether, lean 
to extremities. 

*-i^ harf, watercourse, canal; pi. 
hiraf, edge, border, extremity, 
end, point ; mountain-ridge ; 
edge of any cutting instrument ; 
angle, margin ; pi. huruf, huru- 
fdt, ahruf, letter ; word ; particle 
(in grammar) ; lean camel ; pi. 
ahruf, dialect ; — hurf, cress ; 
calamity; — 3 hirfa-t, pi. hiraf, 
trade, profession ; guild, corpo- 
ration ; industry ; skill ; strata- 
gem, expedient ; — also hurfa-t, 
misfortune, calamity ; — harfa-t, 
inf. of («-*;°0. 

lt^ hirfiJ, pi. hardfiS, viper. 

(jjftj^.), ii. taharfas, inf. taharfus, 
contract (n.). 

\J»)tf» hurfus, pi. hardfU, man of 
the lowest class. 

^f* harfiyy, 8, refening to a 



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particle ; literal ; — 8 harfiyya-t, 
the state of being a particle ; — 
^5 hurfiyy, seller of cress. 

£f* haraq, i, inf. harq, kindle, 
ignite, burn ; — i, u, rub two 
things against each other ; 
gnash the teeth with rage ; 
file ; — hariq, A, inf. haraq, 
burn (n.), be burnt; fall out; — 
ii. inf. tahriq, burn (a.) by a 
large fire ; burn with anger ; 
make thirsty ; — m. inf. mu- 
hdraqa-t, burn (a.) ; — rv. inf. 
ihrd q, kindle, burn (a.) ; — v. 
inf. taharruq, burn with anger, 
grief, <fec. ; be burnt; kindle, 
burn (a.) ; — vin. inf. ihtirdq, 
be kindled ; burn (n.), be con- 
sumed by the flames, &c. ; — 8 
hwrqa-t, pi. huraq, flame, heat in 
the intestines. 

<&f hirqid, 8 harqada-t, root of 
the tongue; larynx; Adam's 
apple. 

(^oj/w) harqas, inf. 8, take short 
steps ; talk very quick (m.) ; 
roast ; vex, enrage ; — n. inf. 
taharqus, bo roasted; get en- 
raged ; be disquieted, agitated. 

toko, harqafa-t, pi. hardqif, hip ; 
hip-bone. 

\f£f> hurqUs, pi. hardqis, a sting- 
ing fly. 

SjSjfi* karquwa-t=l>&j*- harqada-t. 

<Jif» hurqa, pi. of «3*j&- hariq. 

(t*)j».) harak, tj, inf. hark, refuse 
payment of a debt ; beat on the 
back ; — harik, A, inf. harak, be 
impotent ; — haruk, inf. hark, 
haraka-t, move (n. and a.), 
Bhake, stir up; intrigue; — n. 
inf. tahrik, move (a.), put into 
motion; excite; instigate, en- 
courage ; put the vowel-points ; 
— v. inf. taharruk, move, stir 
(n.) ; be vocalised. 

^f- harak, impotence ; — harik, 
mobile, nimble, active ; — 8 
haraka-t, movement, motion ; 
gesture ; behaviour, bearing, 



proceeding ; insurrection, tu- 
mult ; short vowel. 

(v*^a.) harkas, inf. 8, move vio- 
lently. 

(<j*^) harkai, inf. 8, move, stir 
up ; grub ; poke, rake (the 
fire). 

l&f* harkaka-t, pi. hardkik, hip- 
bone. 

(J^rO harkai, inf. 8, walk pomp- 
ously ; return from hunting 
without a prey; — 8 harkala-t, 
pedestrian. 

luff* harkuSa-t, rebellion, insur- 
rection (m.). 

(tf*) haram, i, harim, a, inf. 
hirm, harim, hirma-t, harim, 
harima-t, harima-t, hirmdn, turn 
off, refuse, defend, forbid ; (m.) 
expel, banish, excommunicate, 
disinherit; pass, hurim, be de- 
prived, robbed of (ace.) ; — 
haram, proclaim unlawful ; — 
harim, A, inf. haram, hardm, be 
unlawful, forbidden ; be sacred, 
inappraochable ; be invalid ; — 
inf. hirdm, be hot, rutting; — 
harum, inf. hurm, haram, be 
unlawful; — inf. hurm, hurum, 
id. ; be invalid ; — n. inf. 
tahrim, proclaim unlawful, for- 
bid ; proclaim sacred and in- 
approachable ; — iv. inf. ihrdm, 
exclude, expel, excommunicate, 
anathematise; disinherit; refuse; 
enter on a holy month into the 
sacred precinct of Mecca and 
put on the garment of a pilgrim 
(ihrdm); enter any inviolable 
place ; — v. inf. taharrum, be 
forbidden ; be proclaimed sacred 
or inapproachable ; be vene- 
rated ; abstain ; be absorbed in 
prayer ; — vn. inf. inhirdm, be 
banished, excluded, excommu- 
nicated ; be forbidden ; — vin. 
inf. ihtirdm, honour, venerate ; 
be venerable ; — x. inf. utihrdm, 
rut. 

A*. hirm, defence, prohibition, 

35 



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isf 



anathema, excommunication ; 
pi. hurum, unlawful, forbidden ; 

— hurm, anything sacred ; wo- 
man ; also hirnt, pilgrim's cloak; 

— haram, pi. ahrdm, hurum, 
unlawful, forbidden; anything 
sacred; family, woman," wife, 
harem; sanctuary; sacred pre- 
cinct of Mecca ; — 8 hurma-t, 
pi. huram, huramdt, anything for- 
bidden, sacred ; wife, daughter, 
family ; clientship ; portion, 
share ; sacred claim ; venera- 
tion; sanctity; honour, dignity, 
good name ; chastity ; — hirma-t, 
rut; deception. 

oW* hirmdn, deception, thwarted 
plan, frustrated hope. 

( x# ^) harmad, hirmid, black pu- 
trid mud. 

(y*f») harmaz, inf. 8 , curse ; — 
ii. inf. taharmuz, and iv. inf. 
ihrimmdz, be sagacious, cun- 
ning. 

(cr*^0 hirmiSy pi. hardmis, sterile 
year. 

(J*^) harmaly wild rue. 

<jy harma, pi. hirdm, hardma, 

rutting ; — haramiyy, made or 

worn in Mecca. 
&*"f» karamin, vulg. du., Mecca 

and Medina. 
(<#**) £ a *"a», u, harun, inf. hirdn, 

hurdriy stop suddenly in running ; 

rear and kick; be restive; — 

haran 9 ask a moderate price in 

selling ; card cotton. 
)3f* harur, hot night- wind; heat 

of the sun ; hurHr y heat ; — I 

harura-ty piquancy, acidity ; 

heat ; — hurura-t } also &t hurii- 

riyya-ty freedom. 
u*jj*- hurudy I huruda-t, sickness, 

inf. of (J*/*). 
£)f» haruq, huruq, pollen of the 

male palm-tree ; hoof ; — also 

harruq, and — 
Vl^». har&qd', tinder. 
dp* hwrHhy nimble, mobile, agile. 



QXP- harun, restive. 

fa harwa-ty heat in the chest, <fcc. ; 

piquancy, acidity. 
(<Sf-) hara, i, inf. hary f decrease ; 

— hart, a, inf. har-ariy be 
worthy of (v> bi)\ — v. inf. 
taharriy do on purpose ; select 
the best, the most suitable, 
strive for; stay, abide. 

K3f» hari (^ har-in)y pi. ahrd\ 
worthy, suitable ; — hariyy, pi. 
ahriyd'y f. hariyya4 f pi. hdrdyd, 
id. ; — har-ariy har-a, court-yard ; 
nest of an ostrich ; — harra, f . 
of q\jp* harrdn ; — I hariyya-t, 
liberty, freedom. 

s-i/- hartb, pi. harba t hurabd', 
robbed, plundered ; — 3 hariba-ty 
pi. hard'iby robbed goods. 

telf* harisa-t, pi. hard'iSy gain; 
emaciated she-camel. 

**jp- haridy pi. hirdd, huradd\ soli- 
tary, isolated ; pouting, bearing 
a grudge. 

jtj*- harir, pi. hard'w, silk, silk- 
ware ; f. S, hot-blooded, choleric; 

— S harira-t, silk garment ; — 
^5 haririyy, silk-merchant ; silk- 
like. 

yif» hark, fortified, guarded, gar- 
risoned ; valued ; an antidote. 
u~ijo* harts, S, watchful, vigilant; 

— 3 harisa-t, sheep-fold; stolen 
sheep. 

cr*^ haridy pi. hurui, rough to the 

touch ; rhinoceros ; a snake ; 

ear-wig. 
U*)*- harts, S , pi. hurras, hurasd', 

eager, greedy; covetous; taken 

up with ; torn. 
*-hf* harify fellow, comrade ; 

partner ; adversary ; sly ; — 

hirrify sharp, piquant, hot (as 

spices). 

&<&f» hirifiyya-ty piquancy, acid- 
ity. 

<Jfe/* hariq, pi. harqa, burning, 
burnt ; flame ; conflagration ; 
hell; nettle, 



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«*^ harile, lame in the hips; 
impotent. 

^ij^ harim, pi. ahrdm, hurum, any- 
thing forbidden, sacred ; women ; 
apartments of women; sanctuary; 
precinct; pilgrim's cloak; com- 
panion ; friend. 

(jf) hazz, tj, inf. hazz, cut, make 
incisions, carve ; — n. inf. 
iahziz, id. ; sharpen ; — in. inf. 
hizdz, muhdzza-t, investigate ; — 
v. inf. tahazzuz, get indented, 
have incisions made ; — vin. inf. 
ihtizdz=i. 

)*> hazz, fi hazza-t, pi. huzuz, incision, 
notch ; proper time. 

(VO faW, a, inf. haz\ show in 
the air (mirage) ; — n. inf. Ky*? 
tahxVa-t, drive together ; lie with 
a woman. 

V* hazd\ 8, wild anise seed; — 
hazzd', soothsayer. 

jV- hazzdr, who guesses easily. 

fa hazdz, 5 hazdza-t, dandruff; 
dry scab; lichen; — hazzdz, be- 
stirring one's self, active. 

f^ hizdm, 8 , pi. huzm, belt, girth; 
swaddling bands ; — 8 hizdma-t, 
prudence and firm resolution. 

(j)^ hizdn, pi. of Q-f* hazin, hazun ; 
— hizzdn, huzza n, pi. of yy** 
haziz. 

ij^f* hazdni, pi. of <^)°* hazndn. 

j)\f- hazdwir, £ hazdwira-t, pi. of 
h]f* hazwara-t. 

A^ £ a *«wir, pi. of fyfl* hizwdra-t. 

(s->)«*) huzb, u, inf. Aaafe, happen 
unexpectedly, cause anxiety ; — 
n. inf. tahzib, assemble (a.) ; 
form a party ; divide into parts 
(especially the Koran into 60 
chapters) ; — in. inf. muhd- 
zaba-t, belong to one's party, 
make common cause with ; be 
assembled ; — v. inf. tahazzub, 
gather in troops, confederate, 
form a league or party ; attack 
in troops. 

V)*' hizb, pi. ahzdb, troop, number 
of men ; party, partisans ; con- 
federates; sect; part; division 



of the Koran ; — huzb, pi. of 
s-»j^ hdzib ; — huzub, pi. of s-4y*- 
hazib. 

0>°*) b azar i u > !> i N ^« hazr, mahza- 
ra-t, estimate; (m.) guess, sur- 
mise ; — inf. hazr, get sour ; 
frown ; — v. inf. tahazzur, try 
to guess ; make suppositions, 
surmise ; — iv. inf. tahdzur, 
give to one another anything 
to guess at. 

jf- hazr, (m.) guess, conjecture, 
supposition ; — hazar, pea ; — 8 
hazra-t, best part of a property. 

yf* hazaz, violence ; severity ; 
swathes ; — huzuz, pi. of jay* 
haziz. 

0*)*") hazfar, inf. 8 , fill ; tie up, 
strap ; get ready, prepare for 
battle. 

(jjd.) hazaq, i, inf. hazaq, fasten 
with strings ; twist firmly round ; 
strain, press ; break wind ; — rv. 
inf. ihrdq, hinder. 

j|)ft- hizq, small pack-saddle ; — 
also 8 hizqa-t, pi. hizaq, crowd ; 
swarm ; troop ; — hazaq, ava- 
rice ; — huzuq, pi. of &ty^ hazU 
qa-t. 

(tf3)e») hazak, i, inf. hazk, tie 
round ; fasten ; press, compress ; 

— vin. inf. ihtizdk, gird one's 
self round the waist. 

(f^) hazm, i, inf. hazm, tie 
together ; pack up ; make a 
bundle ; gird ; — hazim, a, inf. 
hazam, have the chest oppressed ; 

— hazum, inf. hazm, hazdma-t, 
huzuma-t, be prudent and reso- 
lute; — iv. inf. ihzdm, gird; em- 
bale, make packets or bundles ; 

— v. inf. tahazzum, be girt ; 
gird one's self ; — vn. inf. 
inhizdm, be tied together, em- 
baled, packeted; — vin. inf. 
ihtizdm, gird one's self. 

py*» hazm, prudence and resolution ; 
caution; pi. huzum, rough ele- 
vated ground; — huzm, pi. of 
f^»- hizdm ; — hnzum and Up- 
huzamd 1 , pi. of &y*- hazim ; — 8 



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276 



huzma-t, pi. huzam, bundle; 
armful; packet, parcel, bale; 
sheaf ; — hazama-t, pi. of f*y* 
hazim. 

((#»■) hazan, tj, inf. huzn, grieve 
(a.) ; — hazin, a, inf. hazan, be 
grieved ; — n. inp. tahzin, grieve 
£a.), sadden ; — iv. inf. ihzdn, 
id. ; — v. inp. tahazzun, grieve 
(n.), be sad ; — vi. inf. tahdzun, 
show or feign sadness, grief ; — 
▼ill. inp. ihtizdn=v. 

gy* hazn, I , p). huzun, huzuna-t, 
rough elevated ground ; — huzn, 
hazan, pi. ahzdn, sadness, grief; 

— hazin, hazun, pi. hizdn, hu- 
zand\ sad, sorrowful, grieved; 

— 2 kuzna-t, pi. huzan, rugged 
mountains. 

toy*, huzand', pi. of oy* hazin, hazun, 
and of {^iy* hazin. 

&\*y* hazndn, pi. hazdna, very sad. 

<j^ hazna, pi. of ($ty» hazin. 

(i)*0 hazd, xt, inf. hazw, and ▼. 
inf. tahazzuuno, tahazzi, predict, 
soothsay. 

%P" hizwdra-t, pi. Aasawir, hillock. 

jjp- hazwar, hazawwar, pi. Aa*tf- 
wira-t, doughty fellow ; — 8 haz- 
warat, pi. hazdwir, hazdwira-t, 
hillock ; — hazzura-t, riddle (m.). 

Vjj*- huzuz, pi. of f* hazz. 

**•&* huzuma-t, prudence and reso- 
lution. 

bjf* huziina-t, ruggedness. 

(v5)*0 haza, i, inf. hazy, stir up 
birds to take omen from their 
flight ; — ii. inp. tahziya-t, id. ; 
estimate the produce of a palm- 
tree ; show the image of a 
person in the air (mirage) ; — 
iv. inp. ihzd', fear, be afraid of 
a person ; overcharge in selling ; 
be expert, know ; be near ; tower, 
rise. 

+r*y** hazib, pi. huzub, difficult. 

(£jiy» hazirdn, month of July. 

ytf- haziz, pi. huzuz, ahizza-t, hizzdn, 
huzzdn, rugged place ; very active 
man. 

&ty»- haziqa-t, pi. haziq, hazd'iq, 



huzuq, orchard; troop, crowd; 
part, division. 

f#f» hazim, pi. huzamd 9 , prudent 
and resolute ; pi. huzum, ahzi- 
ma-t, breast, chest. 

yty* hazin, pi. huzand 1 ', hazna, sor- 
rowful, grieved, sad. 

(lt^) hass, u, inp. hass, freeze 
(a.) ; kill ; annihilate ; curry ; 
— i, inp. hass, be moved with 
compassion ; — for hasis, a, inp. 
hass, hiss, id. ; feel ; have sensa- 
tion, perceive by the senses ; 
listen ; notice, know, under- 
stand; know for certain; (m.) 
awake (n.) ; — n. hassas, hassa, 
inp. tahsis, perceive, feel ; cause 
to feel, make feel; put meat 
on the coals ; awake (a.) ; — 
iv. inp. ihsds, feel, perceive, 
see; hear a low sound; know, 
think (believe) ; curry ; — ▼. 
inp. tahassus, listen to, be at- 
tentive ; try to obtain infor- 
mation ; — vii. be extracted, 
fall out, decay (teeth) ; — x. 
inp. have a sensation or per- 
ception. 

v~*- hass, hiss, perception, sensa- 
tion ; instinct ; compassion ; low 
sound ; the currying of a horse ; 
(m.) voice ; — hiss, blast (by the 
frost) ; — hass-i, exclamation of 
pain ; — 8 hassa-t, hissa-t, sensa- 
tion ; state, condition. 

L»- hasd', soup, broth ; draught ; — 
pi. of tj-*. hisy. 

^L-ft. hisdb, pi. husbdn, account, 
calculation, arithmetic ; J^V^ C 
hisdb al-jummal, use of the 
letters as numerical signs ; f>yt 
t$\ yaum aLfyisdb, Day of Judg- 
ment ; — hassdb, accountant, cal- 
culator, arithmetician ; — hussdb, 
pi. of s-*-W hdsib ; — 8 hisdba-t, 
office of an accountant ; estima- 
tion, valuation. 

oL*a. hussdd, pi. of A-Vft. hdsid, en- 
vious ; — S hasdda-t, envy. 

j\*~*. hussar, pi. of j~\*- hdsir, free, 
bare. 



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^L^. hassds, endowed with senses, 
sensitiveness ; living being ; 
cunning. 

&L-*. husdfa-t, offal, remains ; popu- 
lace ; hatred, rage. 

&U*ft. husdla-t, offal. 

ji^* husdm, sharp sword ; edge of 
a sword ; blade. 

(jjL^. hisdn, pi. of (£— ». hasan, 8 , 
and of (;>*- o» Aim?* ; — husdn, 8 , 
very beautiful. 

(* ! «'■> * ) hasab, xj, and (m.) a, inf. 
Aa«&, hisdb, hisba-t, hisdba-t, his- 
ban, husbdn, count, count to- 
gether, calculate ; — inf. hasb, 
suffice ; — hasib, i, a, inf. hisbdn, 
mashaba-t, mashiba-t, opine, sur- 
mise, think, consider ; — hasub, 
inf. hasab, hasdba-t, be esteemed ; 
be of a noble family ; — n. inf. 
tahsib, satisfy, content ; place a 
cushion beneath a person ; — n. 
inf. muhdsaba-t, settle an ac- 
count with, ask an account from 
(ace.) ; — iv. inf. ihsdb, satisfy, 
content ; — v. inf. tahassub, 
investigate into one's circum- 
stances ; lie down on a cushion ; 
— vi. inf. tahdsub, settle an 
account with one another ; — 
viii. inf. ihtisdb, take into ac- 
count ; calculate, count together ; 
estimate ; surmise ; think, be- 
lieve ; deem ; impute ; reckon 
upon. 

s ~» » hasb, reckoning, counting 
(s.) ; what is sufficient, suffi- 
ciency ; lot, portion, share ; 
equivalent; according to, with 
regard to ; — hasab, hasb, pi. 
afrsdb, measure, quantity, amount, 
value ; honour, distinction ; merits 
or nobility of the ancestors; 
pedigree ; paternal relations ; 
one's own merits and considera- 
tion ; good action ; religion ; 
riches ; heart, soul ; — 8 (tisba-t, 
pi. frisab, account ; pay of wages ; 
divine requital; hope for a re- 
ward ; office of overseer in the 
market (muhtasib) ; management 



of public affairs, administration ; 

— husba-t, leprosy ; — hasaba-t, 
accountants, pi. of s— ^ hdsib. 

husabd', pi. of s « a - *» hasib. 

q\+~*» hisbdn, husbdn, pi. hisbdndt, 
husbdndt, counting, reckoning 
(s.) ; supposition, surmise ; 
esteem, estimation ; husbdn, 
coll. ; 8 , small arrows ; thunder- 
bolt ; punishment, affliction ; 
small cushion ; — husbdn, pi. of 
v^L-o. hisdb. 

( J*~ **) hasbal, inf. 8 , utter the 
words aU\ U»- a hasbund alldh-u, 
God is what suffices us. 

hasabiyy, referring to no- 
bility. 

, -^.. - o ) kashas, inf. 8, place 
meat on the coals ; complain of 
pain; — n. inf. tahashus, move 
to and fro (n.) ; fall out. 
~»0 hasad, i, u, inf. hasd, husud, 
hasdda-t, hasida-t, envy ; punish 
for envy ; — ii. inf. tahsid, envy ; 

— vi. inf. tahdsud, envy one 
another ; — vn. inf. inhisdb, be 
seized with envy (m.). 

hasad, envy, grudge ; — husud, 
pi. of Oj—a. hasud ; — hussad, 8 
hasada-t, pi. of Ju.W hdsid. 

(J a—*-) hasdal, tick (insect) ; 
louse. 

Cr"*0 b a8ar > J » u > inf. hasr, un- 
cover, lift the veil, bare ; peel, 
pare, shell ; sweep ; jade, fatigue; 

— inf. husur, be uncovered ; — 
i, inf. husur, get tired, fatigued, 
fall short ; — hasir, a, inf. hasar, 
hasra-t, be pained, anxious, sigh 
at (J* Wa) ; be fatigued, weary; 

— v. be fatigued, sigh for ( Jl* 
'ala) ; — vn. inf. inhisdr, be 
uncovered, bared; fall out; — 
x. inf. istihsdr, be fatigued. 

y~* hasir, purblind ; — 8 frasra-t, pi. 

Ifasardt, sigh ; regret ; anxiety ; 

grief. 
q\j~+. husrdn, sighing. 
i3r~** hasra, f . fatigued, weary ; pi. 

of j#~*> fcasir. 
(«_A~*.) frasqf, i, inf. fauf, clean, 



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select ; drive ; pass quickly by ; 

— inf. hasf, hasif, rustle, rattle 
(as a snake) ; — inf. hasf, husdf, 
mow, reap ; — hasif, bear a 
grudge against, treat roughly ; 
pass, be despised ; — n. inf. 
tahsif, shave off the moustache ; 

— v. inf. tahassuf, hang loose 
and be dishevelled. 

(vsi~a.) hasik, a, inf. hasak, be 
angry with (<J^ l ala) ; eat, 
nibble ; — n. inf. tahsik, save, 
put by ; choke with a fish- 
bone. 

«**—*. hasik, hostile; — S hasaka-t, 
fish-bone ; beard of an ear ; 
prickles of a thistle ; thorn- 
bush. 

J£~*> haskal, slaughter of young 
camels ; — hiskil, 8 , small young 
animal ; trifle. 

( J— »>) hasal, v, inf. hasl, despise ; 
grow mean ; leave the worst 
part ; drive violently. 

(j*~&.) hasam, I, inf. hasm, cut, 
cut off ; lance and then cau- 
terise a vein ; cure by medicine ; 
prevent (2 ace.) ; subtract, de- 
duct. 

(^j—a.) hasan, u, hasun, inf. husn, 
be handsome, beautiful, seem 
good ; — ii. inf. tahsin, make 
or create handsome and good; 

— in. inf. muhdsana-t, treat 
handsomely or well ; vie in 
beauty or goodness ; — iv. inf. 
ihsdn, act well or right; do or 
say anything well or in a hand- 
some manner ; benefit ; give for 
a present ; be favourable ; em- 
bellish, adorn; be well versed 
in (ace. or s-» bi) ; — x. inf. 
istihsdn, find beautiful or good, 
approve of. 

— *- husn, pi. mafrdsin, beauty; 
goodness ; praiseworthy quali- 
ties ; skill ; ?*** t husn ta'bir, 
beautiful style ; j^^\ t husn 
ifrtiydr, freedom of will ; — hasan, 
f. hasana4, basna', beautiful, 
fair, elegant; good, excellent 



(also y~i 0— *. hasan hasan) ; 
high eand-hill; — husan, pi. of 
o^~°* husna ; — S hasana-t, pi. 
hasandt, a fair one (f. of 0— »• 
hasan) ; pi. hasandt and hisdn, 
good action, benefit, bounty, 
alms ; pi. hasandt, pious endow- 
ments ; — hisna-t, pi. hisan, pro- 
jecting part of a mountain ; — 
ij husna, f . of y~* *\ ahsan, more 
beautiful, better ; aUhusna, what 
is good, handsome, best ; benefi- 
cence; fair treatment; virtue; 
Islam ; Paradise ; pi. husan, 
death of a martyr ; du. victory 
and death of a martyr ; — h 
hasaniyya-t, beauty. 

(y~*>) hasd, u, inf. hasw, drink, 
sip, lap ; — in. inf. muhdsdt, 
iv. inf. ihsa, give to sip ; — v. 
inf. tahassl, sip ; — vm. inf. 
ihtisd' =111. and iv. 

j~»- hasw, pi. ahsuwa-t, ahsiya-t, 
soup, broth ; — £ haswa-t, 
huswa-t, pi. ahdsi, draught, 
gulp. 

jj~a» fcastid, pi. husud, envious ; — 
husud, envy, inf. of (.x-o.). 

py~*> husum, disastrous days or 
nights ; calamity ; diligence ; 
Uj~o. husum-an, consecutively. 

0)y~** hassun, goldfinch. 

Co* - ***) hasa, 1, inf. hasy (also 11. 
and vm.), dig for water in 
saturated ground ; sip ; — hast, 
a, inf. has-an (also vm.), try 
to find out another's intentions ; 
— 11. inf. tahsiya-t, vm. inf. 
ihtisd', see 1. 

hisy, hasy, his-an, pi. Jiisd\ 
a^sd 1 , flat saturated ground ; 
well ; — hasiyy, frissiyy, sensual ; 
perceiving or perceptible by the 
senses ; referring to the senses ; 
material. 

hasib, pi. frusdbd 9 , esteemed, 
valued ; avenger. 

frasir, pi. frasra, sad ; weary ; 
fatigued ; sighing ; purblind. 

basis, slight noise, low 
sound. 



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279 



te»~f» ha&ika-t, grudge, inveterate 
hatred; hedge-hog; oats. 

Je— *■ hasil, f . 8 , calf ; pi. husul, 
offal, remains ; — husail, little 
lizard. 

^-j—^ hasin, pi. hisdn, beautiful ; 
— husain, dim. of (;)—*• hasan, 
beautiful ; proper name. 

(,j&*.) hags, u, inf. hast, light, 
kindle ; get dry, wither ; run 
f ast ; mow ; feed on haj ; pro- 
mote one's wealth ; increase 
one's fortune ; give to (ace) ; — 
look out for grass or hay, mow. 

<j*** hate, hits', huts', pi. -un, huius, 
garden ; privy, sewer ; — hats', 
pi. hisidn, garden ; fire ; — hi<s, 
something, anything ;— 8 husia-t, 
pi. huiai, cupola, dome. 

(Va*.) ha£a\ a, inf. has*, strike on 
the belly, in the sides ; injure 
interior parts ; lie with ; kindle, 
light. 

^ka. hatd', pi. of &* &*. hasiyya-t ; — 
hai-an, pi. ahSa, intestines, 
bowels, heart. 

^l&ft. his'di, fodder-bag ; — huidi, 
8 husd'a-t, last spark of life, 
last breath, throb ; — haiids, pi. 
-im, mower, seller of hay ; smoker 
or seller of hails'. 

jlAft. hisdf, pi. of &>**» haSafa-t. 

^l&ft. hi.sdn, pi. of u^ hat's, huts. 

VfcUu. haidyd, pi. of h~>* hasiyya-t. 

^jAlUt** has'dHsiyy, seller of hay ; 
gatherer of herbs, botanist. 

(u&^A*.) haihaS, inf. 8, set out, 
depart ; — n. inf. tahas'hus', id. ; 
disperse (n.). 

(xA*.) haiad, i, inf. haM, gather, 
assemble (a.) ; come forth in 
its entirety (seed) ; espouse 
one's party, defend ; (m.) be 
partial ; — v. inf. tahas'sud, 
assemble for help ; — vr. inf. 
tahdJud, assemble to help one 
another ; act in common against 
an enemy ; — viii. inf. ihtisdd= 
v. ; be ready for help ; — x. inf. 
iitihfdd, assemble (n.). 



x&^- haSad, pi. husud, troop; — 
hasxd, ready for help. 

(j***) has'ar, u, i, inf. hasr, as- 
semble, unite ; raise for the 
last judgment; expel, banish; 
destroy ; work out elaborately ; 
(m.) press, compress, pile or 
heap up (also v.) ; intermeddle, 
intrigue ; pass, be dead ; — v. 
inf. iahassur, see i. 

y&>* hasr, pi. husr, assembly, crowd, 
throng (^\ fj* yaum al-hasr, 
Day of Judgment) ; the public 
treasury, fisc ; exile, banish- 
ment ; sharp ; — 8 has'ara-t, pi. 
has'ar, husk; chaff; — has'ara-t, pi. 
has'ar at, small creeping animals, 
reptiles ; (m.) insects; — hu*ra-t, 
inquisitiveness, intermeddling ; 
— <j hasriyy, intermeddler ; in- 
triguer. 

(C/-^) hasraj, inf. 8 , emit the 
death-rattle ; roar with a rattling 
noise ; — 8 hasraja-t, death-rattle ; 
a wine-vessel. 

(j**-*^ huias', pi. of &•*•*• huss'a-t. 

(!o£e.) has'af, inf. hafy, take away ; 
uncover, unveil. 

(i A & ft ), ii. inf. tahsif, look with 
compressed eye-lids. 

c U a hatf, dry bread ; — has'af, 
bad pulpless dates ; — 8 has'af a-t, 
pi. -at, has'af, hisdf, rock ; cliff ; 
ulcer in the throat ; stubble ; 
gland of the penis. 

(v A &oi ) hatoh, i, inf. hath, collect 
the milk in the udder ; leave 
the camels unmilked ; abound 
in water; bear plenty of fruit; 
(m.) fill up; — ii. inf. tahkU, 
fill up, stuff ; — viii. inf. ihtUdh, 
be full of milk ; be filled up, 
stuffed. 

(&Vaa» hasah, plenty of milk in the 
udder. 

(J^*.) has'al, inf. hasl, despise, 
contemn. 

(^A£».) haiam, u, I, inf. haSm, tell 
unpleasant things ; — I, put to 
shame ; — haiim, A, inf. haiam, 
grow irritated, angry ; become 



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ashamed, blush ; — n. inf. tah- 
Hm, make angry, irritate; — v. 
inf. tahas'sum, be ashamed; — 
viii. inf. ihtisdm, be awed ; 
revere ; bear one's self with 
reverence towards ; be abashed. 

p&*- has'am, $ has'ama-t, family 
with attendance or retinue ; 
great pomp; — $ hiJma-t, fear, 
awe, reverence ; shame, bashful- 
fulness, blush ; modesty ; (m.) 
ceremonies, compliments. 

(^jj^) haSin, a, inf. hasan, smell 
badly from remains of milk. 

( yA*.) haM, u, inf. hasw, stuff, 
cram ; injure the intestines ; — 
v. inf. tahaMi, viii. inf. ihtiM', 
be stuffed, crammed. 

y*** hasw, inf. of (y***) ; any 
material for stuffing ; wadding, 
wad ; intestines ; superfluous 
phrase ; part of a half- verse 
preceding the 'arud or darb ; — 
S huswa-t, hiswa-t, intestines ; — 
hiswa-t, rabble. 

2*y^. huiuda-t, assistance; (m.) 
partiality. 

SjjA*. haswara-t, avaricious old 
woman ; having full flanks. 

^yt*. haSwiyy, pi. haswiyya-t, who 
talks stuff or nonsense ; pi. 
haiwiyydt, stuff, rubbish ; stuff- 
ing. 

(^jAa.) haM, a, inf. haton, breathe 
with difficulty, suffer from 
asthma; smell badly from re- 
mains of milk; — inf. tahtiya-t, 
put trimmings, &c, to a garment ; 

— in. inf. muhdidt, except, 
spare, heed a person ; pass. 
huH, God forbid (followed by 
q\ an, that) ; — v. inf. tahastt 
=iii. ; exclaim VaU. hdid, God 
forbid! be ashamed; abstain, 
recede from ; heed, be on the 
guard. 

,jA^ haian, intestines ; asthma ; 

— hits' i, & , asthmatic ; — hasty y, 
dried up, withered; rotten in 
the root ; — $ haiiyya-t, pi. 
has'dyd, ha£d\ bolster ; mattress ; 



padded garment; false breasts 
or hips. 

^***» hahjd\ f., and — 

(£#***- ha&ydn, asthmatic. 

haste, 2 , pi. has'd'is', grass ; 
hay ; herb ; intoxicating extract 
of hemp. 

hasif, worn-out cloth. 
haSim, feared, revered ; full 
of reverence ; timid, shy. 

(^oa.) hass, u, inf. hass, shave ; 
rub dff the hair ; strip ; fall to 
the lot of (ace.) ; give a share 
in ; refuse protection ; — in. 
inf. hisds, mufrdssa-t, iv. inf. 
ihsds, allot or give for a share ; 
— vi. inf. tahdss, divide be- 
tween each other by lot, &c. ; — 
vn. inf. inhisds, fall off ; be 
lopped off. 

<jo*» huss, pearl ; pi. husus, saffron ; 

— huss, pi. and t^ hasd, f. of 
{ jaeJ\ ahass, having little hair or 
few feathers ; miserable ; — 8 
hissa-t, pi. hisas, part, portion, 
share, lot ; inheritance ; di- 
vision. 

hasi 9 a, inf. has-an, suck or 
drink one's fill ; eat or drink 
greedily ; break wind ; — inf. 
ihsd', water to the fill. 
«A-aft- hasdd, 8 hasdda-t, harvest, 
harvest-time ; — hassdd, reaper ; 

— hussdd, pi. of J^^- hdsidy who 
reaps. 

jU*. hasdr, hisdr, saddle- cushion ; 

— hisdr, siege, blocade ; sur- 
rounding wall ; fortress, fortifi- 
cation ; — hussar, pi. of /«W 
hdsir, besieger, &c. 

^pLflfe. hisds, allotment, inf. hi. of 
(w*-) ; — husds, swiftness in 
running ; breaking of wind ; — 8 
husdsa-t, grapes left on the stem 
in gathering the harvest. 

&ltffi. hasdfa-t, sound judgment. 

^Uaa. hasdn, 8 , pi. -at, husun, 
chaste woman ; lawful wife ; 
matron ; — his an, pi. husun, 
ahsina-t, horse ; a thorough- 



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281 



bred ; stallion ; — 8 hasdna-t, 
chastity ; steadfastness, firmness 
that cannot be shaken ; impreg- 
nability. 

8U&. hasdt, pi. ^^ hasan, hasa, 
hasaydt, husiyy, pebble ; cal- 
culus in the bladder ; particle ; 
intelligence. 

(s " « & ) hasdb, u, I, inf. hash, strew 
with pebbles or gravel; pelt 
with pebbles ; pelt, throw at ; 
set out on a journey, travel 
about ; turn away, leave in the 
lurch ; — hasib, A, inf. hasdb, 
have the small-pox ; (m.) suffer 
from typhus ; pass. id. ; — n. 
inf. tahsib, strew with gravel ; — 
iv. inf. ihsdb, raise gravel ; turn 
aside, leave in the lurch. 

s-vaa. hasab, pebble, stone; small 
wood fuel ; — hasib, abounding 
in pebbles or gravel ; — 8 hasba-t, 
gravel ; hasaba-t, a pebble-stone ; 
hasba-t, hasaba-t, hasiba-t, small- 
pox ; measles ; (m.) typhus ; pi. 
•at, marks of small-pox, &c. 

(^o^oa.) has has, inf. 8 , come to 
light, become public, evident. 

(xo&.) hasad, u, I, inf. hasd, hasad, 
hisdd, mow, reap ; die ; (also n. 
inf. tahsid) twist firmly ; — hasid, 
a, inf. hasad, be firmly twisted, 
strongly made; — iv. inf. ihsdd, 
be ripe for harvest ; — vm. inf. 
ihtisdd, mow, reap ; — x. inf. 
i8tihsdd=iv; be firmly twisted, 
strongly made. 

Arte- hasd, mowing, reaping (s.) ; 

— hasad, mown corn ; — hasid, 
firmly twisted, strongly made; 

— 8 hasada-t, pi. of a*^- hasid, 
who reaps. 

tJuoB. hasdd', strong coat of mail. 

(j«e*) hasar, u, i, inf. hasr, press, 
oppress ; shut in, besiege, 
blockade ; restrain, restrict ; 
surround ; prevent ; take and 
keep the whole ; put the saddle- 
cushion on the cameP s back ; — 
hasir, a, inf. hasar, have the 
heart oppressed; be avaricious; 



keep strict secrecy ; speak with 
great difficulty ; pass, husir, inf. 
husr, suffer from strangury or 
constipation ; — in. inf. hisdr, 
muhdsara-t, besiege ; blockade ; 

— iv. ihsdr, drive into a corner ; 
cause anxiety ; prevent, hinder ; 
pass, suffer from strangury or 
constipation ; — vii. inf. in- 
hisdr, be driven into a corner, 
besieged, blockaded ; be strait- 
ened, feel a natural want ; (m.) 
live in solitude. 

}**- husr, strangury, constipation; 

— hasar, anxiety ; oppression 
of the heart ; impediment of 
speech ; melancholy of solitary 
life ; restriction ; avarice ; — 
hasir, having the heart op- 
pressed ; confounded ; ava- 
ricious; keeping strict secrecy; 

— husur, pi. of j***- hasir. 
(f^aa.) hasram, inf. 8 , draw the 

bow strongly ; twist tightly ; 
mend a pen. 
,•;*&. hisrim, 8 , green sour fruit, 
especially grapes; their juice; 

— 8 hasrama-t, avarice ; — &t 
hisrimiyya-t, dish of unripe 
dates. 

(jaa* has as y thinness of the hair ; 

— hisas, pi. of &■»• hissa-t. 
(UU*.) hasaf, u, inf. hasf, remove 

to a great distance (a.) ; — hasif, 
a, inf. hasaf, be afflicted with 
dry scab ; — hasuf, inf. hasdfa-t, 
have a sound judgment and a 
strong mind ; — iv. inf. ihsdf, 
remove far (a.) ; establish well 
and solidly ; twist tightly ; run 
fast ; — x. inf. Utihsdf, be esta- 
blished well and solidly. 
( Jrte.) hasal, A, inf. husul, mahsul, 
result, remain ; appear; happen, 
take place ; be produced ; reach ; 
cash a sum or debt; draw an 
advantage, obtain ; — hasil, a, 
inf. hasal, swallow earth or 
gravel and have the gripes 
therefrom ; have calculus in 
the bladder ; — n. inf. tahsil, 

36 



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282 



cause to result ; obtain ; acquire; 
(m.) reach at last and with 
difficulty ; select ; have unripe 
dates ; resume, recapitulate j — 
v. inf. tahassul, result; get 
realised ; take place ; be ob- 
tained ; be paid in. 

J-*- husl, unripe dates ; — hasal, 
partition between two rooms. 

(j***-) has am, i, inf. hasm, break 
wind ; — vn, inf. inhisdm, get 
broken. 

(c^*^) Hasan, hasun, be strong by 
nature or fortified by art ; — 
hasun, inf. ham, hisn, husn, 
keep at home and be chaste ; 
— ii. inf. tahsin, fortify; wall 
in ; entrench ; — iv. inf. ihsdn, 
id. ; keep the wife at home ; 
keep at home and be chaste ; — 
v. inf. tahassun, protect one's 
self by fortifications; entrench 
one's self, retire to a fortress ; 
lead a chaste life. 

(£**• #?**> pi* husun, hisana-t, ahsdn, 
stronghold, fortress, entrench- 
ment ; (c^ $\ abu 'l-hisn, fox) ; 
armour; weapons; destruction, 
annihilation ; — hisn, husn, chas- 
tity ; — husun, pi. of q\*** husdn 
and hisdn. 

V-u». hasnd', chaste woman. 

(j**.) hasd, u, inf. hasw, prevent, 
hinder. 

jy*** husilr, asthmatic; having the 
heart oppressed ; avaricious ; 
chaste; castrated; timid; who 
always sits at home; al-husur, 
St. John Baptist. 

Jjaa. husul, happening of an event; 
taking place of a thing ; realisa- 
tion. 

pebbles ; — hasi, a, inf. has-an, 
make an impression, leave a 
mark; designate ; abound in 
pebbles ; pass, suffer from cal- 
culus ; — iv. inf. ihsd', count, 
count up ; impress on the 
memory ; know ; write, narrate ; 
put into order. 



?*• Hasan, number ; gravel, small 
pebbles; calculus, gravel of the 
kidneys (noun of unity SL». 
hasdt) ; — hasiyy, very prudent ; 
— husiyy and — 
>V<5-aew Hasaydt, pi. of SU*. hasdt 

has id f mown off, reaped ; de- 
stroyed ; firmly twisted, strongly 
made; — S hasida-t, pi. hasd 1 id, 
moth ; harvest, crops ; stalks of 
reaped corn. 

*»■ hasir, oppressed of heart, 
asthmatic ; avaricious ; timo- 
rous ; — pi. husur, ahsira-t, also 
8 hasira-t, pi. hasd'ir, mat of 
reeds or bulrushes ; — hasir, 
side of the body ; side muscle 
or sinew ; king ; prison ; — ^ 
hasiriyy, seller of mats. 

Harsif, of sound judgment, 
firm ; strong of tissue. 

&**»■ hasila-t, pi. hasd'il, rest, re- 
mainder. 

<$#*» hasin, 8 , well fortified ; for- 
tress; strongly made; S hasi- 
na-t, armour ; — husain, little 
castle ; ^\ #\ abu l- husain, fox. 

(^Aft.) hadd, u, inf. hadd, hudd, 
hiddida, huddida, stimulate, spur 
on, investigate, incite ; — n. inf. 
tahdid, make eager ; — in. inf. 
muhddda-t, id. ; — vi. inf. tahddd, 
stimulate one another. 

J±» hadd, stimulation. 

(U*.) hada', a, inf. had 1 , kindle, 
light ; poke the fire ; burn (n.) ; 
— vin. inf. ihtidV, poke the fire. 

jUb. haddr-i, make haste ! look 
sharp ! come ! — hiddr, running 
of a horse ; — huddr, rheuma- 
tism ; — hudddr, pi. of y*\** 
hddir, present, &c. ; — 2 haddra-t, 
hiddra-t, place with settled in- 
habitants; inf. of (/**>) . 

&*jUd- Haddrima-t, natives of Hadra- 
maut. 

^Ua. hiddn, brooding, hatching 
(s.) ; — S hiddna-t, id. ; embrace, 
caress; nursing and bringing 
up of children. 



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283 



&+> 



l*U» haddyd, pi. of ^^ hadiyya-t, 
(s-«^) hadab, i, inf. hadb, make a 

fire blaze, put on wood; fall 

down; catch. 
s-~ ^ hidb, hudb, pi. ahddb, whizzing 

of the bow-string. 

(c^O h°4^h u > INF « h^4h kindle ; 
beat; stamp; dip into water; 
run ; replenish. 

()+**-) hadjar, inf. 8 , fill. 

(/**•) hadar, u, inf. htcdur, be 
present ; come into the presence 
of ; remove from (n. ^ 'an) ; 
fetch or bring ; occupy ; damage, 
injure ; — inf. hudr, stepping 
high in running ; — hadir, Jl, 
inf. haddra-t, be present, in the 
presence of ; appear before ; 
assist at an assembly, &c. ; 
happen; be ready; — n. inf. 
tahdir, lead up, bring ; cause 
to come, call or send for ; 
bring ; place ready ; prepare 
and present ; — in. inf. muhd- 
dara-t, be present ; present 
one's self ; have a ready an- 
swer ; converse with ; vie in 
running ; plead a cause; scourge, 
whip, beat ; dispute for a thing 
and carry it off ; — iv. inf. 
ihddr=n.; run fast; trot; — 
v. inf. tahaddur, be present ; 
present one's self ; keep ready ; 

— viii. inf. Middr=Y. ; assist 
at ; pre-occupy ; come to a place 
with settled inhabitants ; pass. 
uhtudir, be approached by death ; 

— x. inf. istihddr, wish for one's 
presence ; represent ; represent 
to one's self as present ; repre- 
sent to one's self, call back to 
memory, remember ; imagine to 
be in the presence of God ; come 
into the presence of God ; urge 
on to run. 

j**- hadr, place with settled in- 
habitants ; habitation, house, 
vestibule of the house; staying 
at home ; — hudr, running with 
highly raised feet ; race ; — 
hadar, presence ; permanently 



inhabited place ; — hadir, fixed, 
settled ; — hadur, eloquent ; 
learned in law ; — hudur, unin- 
vited guest, intruder ; — huddur, 
pl.^ of ^>U hadir, present, &c. ; 
— 8 hadra-t, presence ; place with 
settled inhabitants; residence; 
title of honour : Majesty, High- 
ness, Excellency, Eminence ; — 
hidra-t, hudra-t, hadara-t, pre- 
sence ; — hadara-t, pi. of ^*W 
hadir, present, ready, &c. 

(v>j*fe») hadrab, inf. 8, strain the 
bow-string ; twist tightly. 

(fTr 4ft hadram, inf. 8 , have a 
faulty pronunciation ; strain the 
bow ; peel. 

*>yyi** hadramaut, hadramut, Had- 
ramaut. 

i^ /**- hadramiyy, pi. haddrima-t, 
native of Hadramaut ; — 8 had- 
ramiyya-t, long-pointed shoe ; 
faulty pronunciation. 

iSy**- hadriyy, hadariyy, settled, 
domiciled ; inhabitant of a 
town. 

(jAA* U md hadad, nothing what- 
ever ; — hudud, pi. of J**** 
hadid. 

(J- 4 *-) hadal, a, inf. hadal, be 
rotten at the place where the 
branches shoot. 

(&**) hadan, u, inf. hadn, hiddn, 
hiddna-t, hudun, brood, hatch ; 
— inf. hadn, hiddna-t, embrace, 
take into, carry in one's arms ; 
bring up ; — inf. hudn, hiddna-t, 
embrace, take into, carry in 
one's arms ; bring up ; — inf. 
hadn, refuse a service to a 
neighbour ; — inf. hiddn, have 
one breast or udder larger than 
the other; — vi. inf. tahddun, 
embrace each other ; — viii. 
inf. ihtiddn, embrace ; press to 
one's bosom ; carry in arms ; 
bring up. 

&**> hidn, pi. hudun, ahddn, bosom ; 
pi. ahddn, side ; also hudn, foot, 
of a mountain. 



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if**-) ftadd, u, inf. hadw, stir up 
the fire. 

jyi*. hudur, presence; appearance, 
approach ; waiting, attendance, 
ceremonious call ; royal presence, 
court, government ; quietude, 
tranquility of mind, ease; pi. 
of j*W hddir, present, ready, 
&c. ; — v3 huduriyy, waiter (m.). 

jj y* ** hadvra-t, pi. hadir, hadd'ir, 
small body of men for a sudden 
attack; vanguard. 

ufa**- hadid, pi. ahidda-t, hudud, 
the lowest part ; basement ; foot 
of a mountain ; aphelion, apogee ; 
precipice. 

&#** hadiyya-t, pi. haddyd, favou- 
rite. 

Qeo») haft, u, inf. hatt, put, place, 
lay down ; remit; abate; depose, 
degrade, humiliate ; despise ; 
descend, alight ; — inf. haft, 
fall, go down (price) ; polish 
and mark leather ; — vii. inf. 
inhifdt, be put, taken, let down ; 
descend, alight ; fall ; be de- 
posed, degraded, humbled ; 
humble one's self ; decrease ; 
— viii. inf. ihtitdt=i.; — X. 
inf. istihtdf, wish for an abate- 
ment ; deserve abatement. 

tft- haft, putting down (s.) ; depo- 
sition, degradation; slope, de- 
clivity ; falling of the prices ; 
cheapness of corn; — I hifta-t, 
remission ; month of Earn ad an. 

(U»*) hat a', a, inf. haf, throw to 
the ground ; beat with the palm 
of the hand on the back ; beat ; 
lie with ; throw ; throw up foam 
or scum ; bring one round from 
his opinion ; — a, i, ease the 
bowels. 

^UflB. hattdby pi. haffdba-t, wood- 
cutter ; seller of fuel. 

f*U»» hut dm, *> anything dry or 
crumbling (W**N t hufdm ad- 
dunyd, perishable goods of the 
world) ; dry fruit ; household 
furniture; 8 hufuma-t, morsel, 
crumb ; — al-haftdm, lion. 



(s-J*».) hafab, i, inf. hafb, abound 

in wood ; cut or look for wood ; 

help ; calumniate ; — n. inf. 

tahfib, viii. inf. ihtifdb, look for 

wood ; gather firing. 
s-J*». hatab, pi. ahpdb, wood for 

burning, fuel ; — hafib, lank. 
W». hatbd\ f. of s-JW ahfab, very 

thin, miserable. 
(la^L».) hafhaf, inf. 8 , let one's self 

down; descend; hasten. 
(jLa.) hafar, u, inf. ha>tr, lie with ; 

put a string to or draw the 

bow; pass, be thrown on the 

ground. 
( JW) hifl, pi. ahfal, wolf. 
(fja*) hatam, i, inf. hafm, break 

(a.) ; weaken ; make digestible ; 

— hatim, a, inf. \ hatam, be 
broken with old age ; — n. inf. 
tahfim, break to pieces ; — v. 
inf. tahattum, vn. inf. inhitdm, 
get broken ; break, crumble 
(n.). 

J*!*- hatim, broken with old age; 

— hut am, cruel ; — hut urn, pi- 
of fjlao. hatum ; — 8 hajma-t, dry- 
ness, aridity, drought; — hifma-t, 
pi. hifam, morsel, crumb ; — 
hutama-t, hell-fire ; glutton ; 
cruel herdsman. 

(yd**) hafmar, inf. 3 , fill ; draw 
the bow. 

(jLd.) hatd, u, inf. hafw, shake. 

£ijLc» hutdba-t, armful of wood. 

LjLd. hatuti steep, precipitous ; 
low ; swift, fleet ; — hutilt, abate- 
ment of price. 

f*jlx» hafum, pi. hufum, breaker ; 
lion. 

s-Jbd. hatib, 3, abounding in wood; 

— 3 hatiba-t, wood, forest. 

Waa. hatfy* dwarf ; — 8 hatitaA, 

abatement of price. 
(W) hazz, obtain one's wish ; have 

luck ; receive one's share ; — 

iv. inf. ihzdz, id.; — vn. inf. 

inhigd*, have luck ; obtain one's 

wish. 



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285 



km. hazz, pl« abuzz* hnzuz, hizdz, 
hizzd\ huzz, huzdza-t, ahdzz> 
share, portion, lot; luck, good 
fortune, enjoyment, pleasure ; 
— hazz* lucky, fortunate, happy; 

— I hiza-t, enjoyment of good 
fortune, of consideration. 

U&e* hizd f , pi. of I}** hizwa-t, haz- 
wa-'t; — h%zz&\ and *&*- hizdz, 
pi. of Jfe* hazz > — * haadt, louse. 

V*U&*. kazdyd, pf. of W^ haziyya-t. 

(s-^) Aarafc, I, inf. /hw*26 ; — 
Aazi'5, A, inp. hazah, be fat ; have 
the belly full.' 

(J**) hazar, v, inf. hazr, prevent, 
hinder, prohibit ; render inac- 
cessible ; surround with a wall ; 
make a fold; enclose cattle in 
a fold; take all for one's self; 

— viii. ihtizdr, make a fold. 
jb*. hazr, defence, forbidding. 
(s^k>) hazrab, inf. 8, strain the 

bow ; fill and extend. 
(Jfce*) hazal, tr, I, inf. hazl, hizldn, 
hazaldn, hinder in spending 
money, in freedom of motion ; 

— inf. hazaldn, walk with short 
abrupt steps, like a man in 
anger. 

q%*. hizldn, thrift, domestic 
economy. 

(jLb.) hazd, u, inf. hazw, go a slow 
pace ; — J^- hazi, A, inf. haz- 
wa-t, hizwa-t, hiza-t, enjoy the 
consideration of the husband, 
the prince ; obtain ; be fa- 
voured with; — iv. inf. ihzd\ 
cause to obtain ; favour, prefer ; 

— viii. inf. ihtizd', enjoy con- 
sideration and favour ; — 8 hiz- 
wa-t, huzwa-t, pi. J>*» hizan, U** 
hizd\ share of luck; abundance; 
consideration, honour, favour ; — 
hazwa-t, huzwa-t, pi. hizff, haza- 
wdt, small arrow for gaming. 

JjW hazul, thrifty, economical. 

^ hazan, haza, noun of unity 
&W* hazdt, louse ; — hizan, share 
of luck; pi. of Sjlto. hizwa-t; — 
haziyy, *, honoured, esteemed, 



considered ; name of the eighth 
horse in a race; — 8 haziyya-t, 
pi. hazdyd, concubine of a 
married man ; share, lot ; — 
huzayya-t, pi. -at, small gaming- 
arrow. 

\Jfe- huzayyd, slow pace. 

Sjjie. hazira-t, pi. hazd'ir, fold for 
cattle ; wall for protection ; 
fence; <j*J^N t hazirat al-quds, 
Paradise. 

ibfjfe. haziz, who obtains his wish or 
share ; fortunate. 

(<Jkc) haff, i, inf. hufuf, be dis- 
hevelled ; bear dry herbs ; 
vanish entirely ; — tj, inf. haff, 
shave ; — i, inf. haff, hifdf, clean 
the face from hair, pluck out 
the hair; shave; (m.) rub or 
scrape off, erase ; — inf. haff, 
turn around, surround from all 
sides ; enclose, encompass, cover ; 
— I, inf. hafif, rumble (bowels) ; 
snort ; hiss (snake) ; — n. inf. 
tahfif, surround, enclose, cover ; 
beat, fall ; — iv. inf. ihfdf, id. ; 

— viii. inf. ifrtifdf, pull out the 
hair; pluck herbs; surround 
from all sides ; turn around ; 
cover, wrap up ; be surrounded. 

UU fyaff, loom ; trace ; — $ haffa-t, 
edge, border, rim, side ; wall 
of support to terraces, &c. ; 
loom. 

(W.) hafa', a, inf. haf, throw on 
the ground. 

Ue* hafa', papyrus ; its fresh root ; 

— haf-an,\^hafd 9 , going bare- 
foot (s.), inf. of (^); — S 
hufdt, pi. of ^W hdfi, bare-foot, 
&c. 

i&AAd. huffds, a harmless snake. 

jUc haffdr, digger. 

Llfte. hufdsa-t, collection. 

lAfe. hifdz, protection; sentiment 
of honour; — huffdz, pi. of tiW 
hdfiz, watcher, &c. ; — * hifdza-t, 
careful guard ; memory. 

^iW. hifdf, pi. ahiffa-t, curling lock 
on the top of a bald head ; side ; 



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trace ; inf. of (<-**.) ; — * hufafa-t, 
stubble. 

SjUft. hafdwa-t, hifdwa-t, and — 

fy*** hifdya-t, molestation by 
questioning ; joyful reception ; 
courtesy ; inf. of (o*^)* 

(u^Aa.) hafat, u, inf. haft, anni- 
hilate, destroy ; pound, grind ; 
thrash, flog. 

«>*>- hafit, and — - 

(vA-J^) hifs, hafis, £ hafisa-t, pi. 
of has, tripe, guts ; belly ; a large 
snake. 

(JW^-) hafhaj, inf. S , have little 
to live upon ; produce the sound 
of a revolving top, purr, buzz. 

(Afe.) hafad, I, inf. hafd, hafaddn, 
be active and nimble in one's 
work; speed; — iv. inf. ihfdd, 
urge to haste, hasten; — viii. 
inf. ihtifdd=i. 

JkA&. hafad, q\<m>** hafaddn, a pace 
of the horse ; — hafad and 8 
hafada~t, daughters, sons, grand- 
children, sons-in-law, nephews, 
&c, pi. of Ji^ hdfid and ***** 
hafid. 

^jjjjt^ hafacttas, black woman ; 
melancholy. 

(j**) W ar * J * INF - b a f r > di g> di g 
out, hollow; dig or clean a 
well ; investigate ; lie with ; 
emaciate by milking frequently ; 
— also hafir, a, inf. hafar, and 
pass, hufir, have decayed teeth ; 
lose the milk teeth ; — iv. inf. 
ihfdr, help another to dig a 
well (2 ace.) ; lose the milk- 
teeth ; — viii. inf. ihtifdr, dig, 
dig out ; — x. inf. istihfdr, be 
willing to dig; be time for 
digging. 

/*> hafr, digging (s.) ; — also S 
hafar a-t, pi. ahfdr, ahdfir, spa- 
cious well ; ditch, pit ; dug out 
ground ; — hafar, decayedness 
of the teeth ; — S hufra-t, pi. 
hufar, ditch, pit, hole, cave; 
grave. 

(y*.) hafaz, i, inf. hafz, push away 
from behind; hurry a person 



and thereby cause him to desist 
from a thing; follow immedi- 
ately ; pierce ; lie with ; — v. 
inf. tahaffuz, viii. inf. ihtifdz, 
keep ready to leap, be watchful, 
vigilant, attentive ; devote care 
and zeal to (v> hi). 

y**> hafaz, end, limit. 

((j~&**) hafis, i, inf. hafas, eat. 

(,j2A*) hafas, i, inf. hafS, gather, 
grasp ; assemble (n.) ; come or 
stream together; carry off the 
ground; remove with a shovel; 
peel ; extract ; draw ; expel, 
banish ; run again immediately 
after running ; devote zeal to 
Gj* /0» — bafiJ, ^9 i NF - hafat, 
show love to the husband; be 
consumed by an ulcer ; rain 
abundantly. 

(j**** hifs, pl» ahfds, rubbish, rags, 
lumber, old bottles, Ac. ; tent ; 
little house ; case, box, trunk, 
chest. 

(yoAa.) hafas, i, inf. hafs, collect, 
gather (a.) ; throw away ; drop. 

u 6 **- b a f?> pl» tohfdfi buffi** leathern 
bag for earth ; whelp of a lion ; 
— 8 hafsa-t, hyena ; c (A umm 
hafsa-t, hen. 

(ydb.) hafad, u, inf. hafd, bend, 
crook ; throw away ; let fall, 
drop ; — ii. inf. tahfid, id. ; 
allow another to get behind 
one. 

J&* hafad, pi. hifdd, ahfdd, house- 
hold furniture ready for re- 
moval ; camel to carry it ; tent ; 
tent-pole. 

gUfe. hifddj, £*^ fyufddij, fat and 
flabby.' 

(g^Ae.), pass, hafdij, inf. 8 hafdaja-t, 
grow fat ; — hifdij, fat and flabby. 

(!b£.) hafiz, A, inf. hifz, guard, 
preserve, preserve from ; tend 
(cattle) ; learn or know by 
heart; (m.) reserve the abso- 
lution from a sin (bishop) ; — 
ii. inf. tahfiz, make to learn by 
heart (2 ace.) ; — in. inf. hifdz, 
muhdfaza-t, defend one's own, 



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protect; be a guardian; give 
careful attendance ; observe and 
fulfil a duty ; — iv. inf. ihfdz, 
provoke to anger ; — v. inf. 
tahaffuz, be on one's guard ; be 
watchful ; observe ; keep care- 
fully, be sparing with; — vm. 
inf. ihtifdz, watch over, guard, 
preserve ; observe ; burn with 
anger; — x. inf. istihfdz, require 
one to learn by heart or keep 
in remembrance (2 ace). 

XfeAfc. hifz, guard, preservation ; vigi- 
lance ; caution ; careful watch ; 
observance ; memory ; — 8 hif- 
za-t, zeal in defending; anger; 
— hafaza-t, guardians, garrison, 
pi. of W*U hdfiz. 

(jia.) hafal, i, inf. hafl, huful, 
hafU, gather, assemble (n.) ; rain 
violently ; flow or stream in 
abundance ; collect (a.) ; smooth, 
polish ; be afraid ; give care and 
attention ; — n. inf. tahfil, 
collect, gather (a.) ; adorn ; — 
v. inf. tahafful, gather in large 
numbers (n.) ; adorn one's self, 
get adorned; — vm. inf. ihtifdl, 
collect, gather (n.) ; stream in 
fulness ; hurry up from all 
sides ; throng ; receive with 
pomp, show or give attention ; 
care for ; show itself distinctly. 

JA*. hafl, numerous, plentiful ; 
crowd, large assembly ; zeal ; — 
huffal, pi. of J*^ hdfil, quite 
full ; — 8 hafla-t, all, everything ; 
diligence, zeal ; — hufla-t, general 
assembly; council. 

(glfe.) haflaj, who moves his body 
in walking ; — hafallaj, pi. hafd- 
lij, young camel. 

(,jliL) haflaq, hafallaq, enervated, 
weak, stupid. 

((£*».) hafan, u, inf. hafn, take a 
handful ; give little ; — vm. 
inf. ihtifdn, take for one's self ; 
eradicate, uproot ; carry a child 
by its knees ; — S hafna-t, huf- 
na-t, pi. huf an, handful; hollow 
of the hand ; small gift. 



(s^) hafannaj, small, short. 

(,***■) b a fa* u > INF « hafw, make a 
present, or, by opposition, turn 
off without a gift ; be benevo- 
lent to ; render honoured or 
esteemed ; keep one aloof fr6m 
all that is good ; shave off the 
moustache ; — { J*- hafi, a, inf. 
haf-an, go bare- foot ; be foot- 
sore ; — inf. hafdwa-t, hifdwa-t, 
hifdya-t, tahfdya-t (also v. and 
vm.), receive with great joy 
and courteous inquiries ; inquire 
repeatedly for ((^ *aw) ; — in. 
inf. muhdfdt, dispute, quarrel 
with (ace.) ; — iv. inf. ihfd\ 
allow one to go bare-foot, to get 
foot- sore ; inquire repeatedly 
for (ace.) ; molest, importune ; 
shave off the moustache ; — v. 
inf. tahaffi, see 1. ; rejoice; give 
attention (also vin.) ; put on 
stockings and shoes; lose the 
shoes (horse) ; go bare- foot ; — 
vm. inf. ihtifV, see 1. and v. ; 
— S hafwa-t, hifwa-t, going bare- 
foot (s.). 

y^fe. hufawd', pi. of ^Asw hafiyy. 

ijjt*. huf t1f f inf. of («-A^) ; poverty. 

Jy*. hafiil, abounding in milk ; — 
huful, plenty, fulness, abun- 
dance, wealth ; inf. of (J* 6 *). 

(o^) see (^). 

^Asw hafi, foot- or hoof -sore ; — 
hafiyy, pi. hufawd\ well-in- 
structed ; receiving joyfully, 
benevolent, compassionate ; — l 
hifya-t=bjb*- hafwa-t, 

A*Aa* hafid, pi. hafada-t, grand- 
son. 

j***- hafir, S hafira-t, pi. hafd'tr, 
pit, cavity ; — S hufaira-t, small 
cavity. 

M*> hafiz, watcher, guardian ; ad- 
ministrator, manager ; governor ; 
God ; who knows by heart (par- 
ticularly the Koran) ; — S hafha-t, 
pi. hafViz, zeal in defending; 
anger. 

hafif, inf. of (*-A*0 ; noise, 
sound. 



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J*fe- haftt, zealous, diligent, in- 
dustrious ; numerous; — 8 hafi- 
la-t, troop ; totality. 

(j^) haqq, u, i, inf. haqq, haqqa-t, 
be unavoidable, happen un- 
doubtedly ; be real, a fact ; be 
true, right, just ; be a duty ; 
befit, be worthy of; be incum- 
bent upon ; have a right to ; 
fall due ; — tj, put down as 
true or real ; know for certain ; 
impose as a duty, render indis- 
pensable; fulfil one's duty; act 
rightly ; keep the middle of the 
road ; hit on the middle of the 
head ; visit, meet ; get the better 
of an adversary in a law- suit ; — 
ii. inf. tahqiq, act according to , 
truth and right ; verify ; con- 
firm ; prove by argument ; deem 
true, believe ; impose as a neces- 
sity or duty; help another to 
the obtainment of his wish ; — 
in. inf. muhdqqa-t, hiqdq, con- 
tend for a right; dispute a 
thing with another ; — iv. inf. 
ihqdq, get the better of an 
adversary in a law-suit ; impose 
as a necessity or duty ; deem 
necessary, consider worthy; make 
clear ; hit upon ; hit the game so 
as to kill it ; — v. inf. tahaqquq, 
learn or know for a certainty ; 
prove true, be doubtless ; appear 
true ; assure one's self of a 
thing ; — vi. inf. tahdquq, con- 
tend for a right ; — vn. inf. 
inhiqdq, be firmly tied ; — viii. 
inf. ihtiqdq, have a law-suit 
against each other; hit so as 
to kill ; get emaciated ; — x. 
inf. istihqdq, be worthy of, de- 
serve ; deem necessary, consider 
worthy ; fall due. 

(3^ fa°<l> pl- huquq, right, claim; 
privilege ; perquisite ; duty ; 
obligation, debt ; what is as it 
ought to be ; true, truthful, 
certain; necessary; real; good, 
just ; firm, persevering ; truth ; 
reason ; certainty ; evident 



proof ; perseverance ; sincerity ; 
justice ; law ; God ; the Koran ; 
Islam; worth, price, payment, 
reward ; honour ; — hiqq, m. 
and f. (f. also S hiqqa-t), pi. 
hiqaq, hiqdq, huquq, haqd'iq, 
camel of three years ; truth ; 
certain proof ; — huqq, cavity of 
the hip- or arm-bone ; upper 
part of the arm ; hip ; pix ; — 
S haqqa-t, truth, certainty ; inf. 
of ((3^) ; — hiqqa-t, incontestable 
right ; indispensable duty ; ma- 
ture she-camel ; inf. of (<J*») ; 
— huqqa-t, pi. huqq, huquq, huqaq, 
ahqdq, hiqdq, case, box, casket ; 
ink-bottle; cup of a juggler; 
compass; vessel of water through 
which the tobacco-smoke passes ; 
pix ; cavity of the hip-bone, &c. 
(see (3^ huqq) ; woman. 

Vfi* haqd 1 , trowsers ; — hiqd\ pi. of 
*/**■ haqw; — haqqan, truly, in- 
deed, certainly. 

^Ufe. hiqdb, pi. huqub, belt set 
with jewels ; the white of the 
nail. 

gjtfe. haqdra-t, hiqdra-t, huqdra-t, 
contempt, disdain ; contempti- 
bleness ; lowness, vileness. 

jjVfifc. hiqdq, litigation, law-suit ; 
hostility ; inf. hi. of ( «J^) ; pi. 
of <3»- hiqq and &fe- huqqa-t ; — 
haqqdq, maker or seller of boxes, 
&c. 

JU* hiqdl, sale of the crops before 
they are reaped ; tenure of a 
farm against part of the har- 
vest. 

JVfift. haqdli, pi. of #&* haqla-t. 

ij Vfe. haqqdniyy, truthful ; just ; 
sincere ; divine ;— 8 haqqdniyya-t, 
justice. 

«3&fe. haqd'iq, pi. of <J^ hiqq and 
&**»» haqiqa-t. 

(s~*») haqib, A, inf. haqab, be 
unproductive; fail, be in de- 
fault ; — iv. inf. ihqdb, id. ; — 
viii. inf. ihtiqdb, allow another 
to sit behind one's self on a 
horse, <fec. ; tie another behind 



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289 



one's self; put by for later 
use; take a crime upon one's 
self. 

huqb, huqab, pi. ahqub, ahqdb, 
time of eighty years, space of 
time ; year ; — haqab, belt set 
with jewels ; hind strap of a 
camel's girth; — huqub, pi. of 
hiqdb ; — S hiqba-t, pi. hiqdb, 
huqub, space of time ; many 
years ; year ; — huqba-t, calm 
(in the air) ; — haqiba-t, port- 
manteau. 
haqbd', galaxy ; wild she-ass. 

(j^fe.) haqhaq, inf. 8 , step high 
(horse) ; travel (on horseback, 
at night) with difficulty; over- 
ride one's horse. 

(4Jfe>) haqad, I, inf. hiqd, huqd, 
haqad, haqida-t, bear a grudge 
or hatred (^ 'aid); be very 
fat ; — haqid, a, inf. haqad, be 
full of hatred ; fail, be in 
default ; be unproductive ; — 
iv. inf. ihqdd, instigate to 
hatred ; — viii. inf. ihtiqdd, 
bear a grudge ; fail, be in 
default. 

•***> hiqd, pi. huqild, haqd'id, ahqdd, 
hatred, grudge ; — haqad, id. 

(/**) haqar, i, inf. haqr, huqriyya-t, 
mahqara-t, also haqur, inf. haqd- 
ra-t, be contemptible, mean, 
vile ; — i, inf. haqr, despise, 
treat with contempt ; — haqir, 
a, inf. haqar, become contempt- 
ible ; — ii. inf. tahqir, deem 
contemptible ; despise ; abase, 
disparage ; call contemptuously 
by the diminutive ; — viii. inf. 
ihtiqdr, despise ; — x. inf. 
istihqdr, deem contemptible ; 
despise. 

/*• haqr, &yfe> huqriyya-t, contempt ; 
contemptibleness. 

^a^ haqd-an, in rapid course. 

(ta»-) haqat, agility ; — I haqfa-t, 
little, nimble, f. 

gllofe. hiqiffdn, 8 , short ; dwarfish. 

(Ukflft.) haqaf, inf. huquf, sleep on 
a sandhill (see the following) ; 



sleep with the head between 
the legs ; — xn. ihqauqaf, inf. 
ihqiqdf, form long winding hills 
(sand) ; bow together, crouch. 

hiqf, pi. ahqdf, hiqdf, huquf, 
pi. pi. haqd'if, hiqafa-t, long 
winding sandhill. 

(J**") haqil, A, inf. haqal, haqla-t, 
huqfd, eat earth with the herb 
and get the gripes from it; — in. 
inf. mahdqala-t, sell the crops 
before they are reaped ; let a 
field for half or a third of the 
harvest ; — iv. 

Jfe* haql, pi. huqtil, seed pushing 
leaves ; sown field ; column (in 
a book) ; — hiql, camel-litter ; 
colic ; — S haqla-t, pi. ahqdl, 
colic; pi. haqdli, arable land, 
orchard, garden. 

(abb.) hiqlid, malicious, unsociable. 

(^k.) haqm, pigeon. 

(c^) haqan, u, I, inf. haqn, put 
milk into the leathern bag for 
churning ; let water into a 
reservoir ; stop, retain, keep 
back; prevent a man's blood 
being shed ; administer a clyster; 
— vii. inf. inhiqdn, have a 
clyster administered ; — viii. 
inf. ihtiqdn, suffer from stran- 
gury; be laid out in form of 
an amphitheatre (garden) ; — S 
haqna-t, pi. ahqdn, colic ; — huq- 
na~t, pi. huqan, clyster; (m.) 
clyster-pipe. 

(jfe.) haqd, v, inf. haqw, hit in the 
side; pass. ^fe. huqi, have the 
colic from eating meat. 

yb. haqw, pi. hiqd', huqiyy, <jM 
ahq-in, ahqi, ahqd\ side, hypo- 
chondres, loins ; also 8 haqwa-t, 
trowsers, trowser-belt ; colic ; 
pi. hiqd\ mountain-slope, steep 
river-bank. 

jyfe. haqud, full of hatred. 

fJS^ huqi, see (yt.) ; — huqiyy, pi. 
of ♦Sa- haqw ; — 8 haqqiyya-t f 
truth, reality. 

haqib, who sits behind an- 
other on horseback or lags 

37 



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^ 



behind ; — 8 haqiba-t, pi. haqd'ib, 
what is put behind on the 
saddle; portmanteau; post-bag; 
saddle-bag. 

&Ma* haqida~t, hatred, grudge. 

ye**> haqir, 8 , despised ; con- 
temptible ; mean, vile, paltry ; 
" your humble servant," in 
letters, &c. 

<JM^ haq}<li pi- ahiqqd*, deserving, 
worthy of (v> hi) ; — 8 haqtqa4, 
pi. haqd'iq, reality, truth, es- 
sence ; true statement of a case ; 
genuineness ; maxim ; — ^ haqi- 
9}yy> 8 > real, true, genuine. 

pt&* haqim, the outer corner of the 
eye. 

0*&* haqin, stopped, kept back, 
spared. 

(t*W) hakk, tj, A, inf. hakk, rub ; 
shave or scrape off ; erase ; 
engrave ; probe by the touch- 
stone; scratch, have one's self 
scratched; — for hakik, inf. hakak, 
be hoof-sore ; — n. inf. tahkik, 
rub violently ; — in. inf. hikdk, 
muhdkka-t, rub against each 
other ; produce electricity ; 
flatter ; resist ; — v. inf. ta- 
hakkuk, rub one's self against; 

— vi. tahdkk, scratch one an- 
other ; — vin. INF. ihtikdk=v. 

«tU hakk, rubbing, engraving, 
erasing (s.); pi. A wfa2&, erasures; 

— hikk, doubt, agitation, dis- 
quietude ; (m.) compass ; — 8 
hikka-i, pi. hikak, scab, itch ; 
itching (s.). 

(4*») hakd, A, inf. hak\ tie tight; 

— 8* hukdt, narrators, pi. of ^^ 
hdki. 

*«J\5^ hikdk, refractoriness, inf. 

hi. (**^) ; — hukdk, scratching 

(s.) ; sugar ; borax ; — hakkdk, 

polisher of precious stones ; 

borer of pearls ; engraver ; 

itching, scratching (adj.); pi. 

hakMkdt, temptations ; — 8 hit- 

kdka-t, scrapings, Ac. 
*V5^ hihhn, summons ; — hukkdm, 



judges, &c, pi. of A^Vfc- hdkim; 
— 8 hakdma-t, scholarship, wis- 
dom. 
^A£d- hikdya-t, pi. hakdyd, tale, 
narrative, story, anecdote, his- 
torical account ; resemblance ; 
simile. 
(J^) hakad, I, inf. hakd, return 

to the beginning. 
(,5^) hakar, i, inf. hakr, wrong, 
oppress ; be a bad comrade ; 
be quarrelsome; store corn for 
the time of famine, carry on a 
usurious trade in corn ; — 
hakir, A, inf. hakar, quarrel 
continually ; be headstrong ; — 
ii. inf. tahkir, hinder; — in. 
inf. muMkara-t, quarrel with 
(ace.) ; — v. inf. tahakkur, vin. 
inf. ihtikdr, buy up corn for 
usurious purposes ; exercise a 
monopoly. 
y^ hakr, injustice ; — hakar, great 
stores of corn ; quarrel, dispute ; 
— hakir, who carries on a 
usurious • corn trade ; — also 8 
hukra-t, usurious corn-trade; — 
1$ hakriyy, bad comrade ; quar- 
relsome ; fault-finding, cavil- 
ling. 
(<jfc5^) hakaS, i, inf. hate, gather 
(a); shrink; (m.) rummage, 
stir up. 
(U6*) hakaf, tj, inf. hukuf, relax, 
slacken, grow tired and get 
remiss. 
«*X5^ hakak, inf. of («*^) ; — hikak, 

pi. of &*- hikka-t. 
(J*e*) hakal, u, inf. hakl, be 
obscure, doubtful ; place the 
lance on one foot ; bet ; press 
hard ; — iv. inf. ihkdl, be 
obscure, doubtful ; — vn. inf. 
inhikdl, be pressed by want ; — 
vin. inf. ihtikdl-=vr. ; — 8 hik- 
la-t, pressure, oppression, want, 
need ; — hukla-t, stammering 

(s.). 
(f£o) hakam, u, inf. hukm, ex- 
ercise authority, command, bid ; 
protect ; (m.) hit upon, obtain ; 



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291 



J- 



happen; — u, inf. hukm, hukii- 
ma-t, deliver sentence, judge 
between ; — inf. hakm, bridle ; 
put the bit to a bridle ; restrain, 
keep back from evil ; — inf. 
hikma-t, be learned, wise, a 
philosopher, a physician ; esta- 
blish solidly ; — n. inf. tahkim, 
appoint as a judge or governor ; 
bid to give judgment ; give full 
powers ; be a physician ; treat 
medically ; — in. inf. muhd- 
kama-t, summon another or go 
with him before the judge ; — 
iv. inf. ihkdm, manage well, 
confirm, consolidate ; protect ; 
bridle; restrain; — v. inf. ta- 
hakkum, possess and exercise 
power; treat one's self or be 
treated medically ; — vi. inf. 
tahdkum, summon each other 
or go together before the judge ; 

— vin. inf. ihtikdm, exercise 
authority ; deliver justice in 
the name of a superior; have 
full power over another's pro- 
perty ; — x. inf. istihkdm, be 
well established, consolidated ; 
try to consolidate, to improve; 
(m.) be able to reach, to obtain, 
to hit. 

ff** hukm, pi. ahkdm, sentence, 
judgment; jurisdiction; power; 
authority; magistrate; govern- 
ment; decree, command, pre- 
cept; rule of life; prediction 
from the stars; fate, predesti- 
nation ; knowledge, wisdom ; 
reason ; category ; regard ; 

— hakam, judge, arbitrator ; 
commander ; — 3 hikma-t, pi. 
hikam ; wisdom ; knowledge ; 
medical art ; philosophy ; justice, 
equity ; reason ; secret decree of 
God; prophecy; the Koran; 
(m.) the Gospel ; — frakama-t, 
bridle, bit j power ; rank. 

U£a» fcukamd', pi. of p*f*- hakim. 

(j**0 fakd, u, inf. hakw, and ^^^ 
fraka f i, inf. hikdya-t, speak, 
tell, relate ; resemble ; imitate ; , 



tie a knot firmly ; — in. inf. 
muhdkdt, resemble, be like ; 
imitate ; converse with another ; 

— iv. inf. ihkd\ tie tight ; over- 
come, surpass ; — vin. inf. ih- 
tikd\ be firm, solid. 

&*j£a. hukuma-t, authority, do- 
minion ; government ; empire, 
state ; jurisdiction ; sentence, 
judgment. 

( J**0 see (^). 

^^ haky, speaking, talking (s.) ; 

— hakiyy, talking, chattering; 

— hakkiyy, erasing- knife. 
«*\££&» hakik, smooth, polished. 
(•*£»» hakim, pi. hukamd 1 , wise; a 

sage, scholar, physician, natu- 
ralist, philosopher; acting with 
prudence and successfully; solid ; 

— S hakima-t, learned woman ; 
female judge. 

( J*0 fall* u > INF - bath solve ; dis- 
solve; loosen; absolve; unfold; 
unbend ; reel off ; pass, hull, 
dissolve (n.), melt, thaw ; — 
inf. huliil, fall due ; be a duty ; 
come to the place of sacrifice 
(sheep, &c.) ; — inf. mahill, fall 
or be due ; — i, u, inf. hall, 
hulul, halal, alight, rest, put 
up; settle on; grant a place 
for doing so; come upon, befall ; 
pass, be inhabited ; — i, inf. 
hill, be lawful; put off the 
pilgrim's cloak ; — i, inf. hilla-t, 
come to the place of sacrifice; 
have passed the days of im- 
purity (woman) ; — for falM, a, 
inf. fialal, have pains in the 
hips or knees ; — n. inf. tahlil, 
solve, dissolve, analyse ; redeem 
an oath ; bid or allow to alight, 
put up, make a halt, stay ; per- 
mit, proclaim lawful ; legitimise ; 
make a mental reservation in 
taking an oath ; — iv. inf. ihldl % 
bid to alight and make a halt ; 
allow, permit, impose as a duty ; 
draw divine punishment upon 
one's self ; put off the pilgrim'*. 



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cloak ; have passed the time of 
pilgrimage, fasting, &c. ; — v. 
inf. tahallul, dissolve (n.) ; 
vanish ; not keep one's oath on 
account of a mental reservation ; 
— vn. inf. inhildl, get solved, 
dissolved, unfolded, unbent, 
reeled off, absolved ; get 
weakened ; — vm. inf. ihtildl, 
alight, put up; — x. inf. is- 
tihldl, deem lawful ; beg one to 
allow a thing (2 ace.) ; acquire 
by right of prescription. 

J*, hall, solving, dissolving (s.), 
solution, absolution ; sesame- 
oil ; — hill, anything lawful ; who 
alights, puts up, a sojourner ; — 
also hull, redeeming of an oath 
or vow; — 8 hilla-t, alighting- 
place ; quarter, street ; large 
basket ; kettle ; permission, 
dispensation, absolution ; — hil~ 
la-t, pi. hildl, alighting-place; 
village of a hundred tents ; 
assembly, place of assembly ; 
weakness ; — hutta-t, pL hvlal, 
hildl, underclothing; garment; 
cloak ; garb ; • armour ; (m.) 
cooking-pot, kettle. 

(!U) hala', a, inf. faV, make col- 
ly rium and put it to another's 
eye ; beat ; throw on the 
ground ; bribe ; — n. inf. tahlH, 
tahl?a-t, give; keep the camels 
away from the water ; — 8 haldt, 
adornment of a sword. 

s^*> hildb, fresh milk ; inf. hi. 
of (s-J^); — halldb, milker; — 
8 haUdba-t, milch cow; fig. a 
person from whom advantages 
are drawn. 

©V halldj, cotton-carder ; — 8 hild- 
ja-t, profession of such. 

Jc^U hvldhil, pi. haldhil, prince; 
chieftain ; of high rank. 

u-!U hallos, seller of coarse car- 
pets. 

WU haWa-t, mowing with a 
sickle. 

*j%» hildf, oath, obligation by 



oath; — hattdf, who takes fre- 
quent oaths. 

vjV haldq, death ; — hildq, shaving 
(8.) ; — huldq, sore throat ; — 
halldq, barber ; — 8 hildqa-t, pro- 
fession of a barber ; — huldqa-t, 
cuttings of hair. 

J!fc». haldl, lawful ; indifferent ; 
legitimate ; lawful wife ; mastic; 
— hildl, anything lawful ; vehicle 
for women; goods; furniture; 
pi. of *U hiUa-t; inf. hi. of 
(J*-); — haUdl, who solves, dis- 
solves ; — hulldl, pi. of JW hdll, 
descending, due ; — 8 haldla-t, 
hut where the cocoons are reeled 
off ; spinning-house, cotton-mill ; 
divorced woman who, after the 
dissolution of the second mar- 
riage, returns to her first hus- 
band. 

^jfyJU haldwdtiyy, confectioner. 

8^ haldwa-t, sweetness. 

%S^ haldwa, sweets, sweetmeats, 
pi. of v5*k" halwa. 

s-*V haldib, pi. of &4*- halba-t and 
£ljU haluba-t. 

(s-JIa.) halab, i, u, (m.) a, inf. 
hatb, hildb, milk; yield milk; 
bid to milk (2 ace.) ; — halib, a, 
inf. halab, be black; — rv. inf. 
ihldb, assist in milking ; assist ; 

— v. inf. tahallub, get milked ; 
fall in drops; perspire, shed 
tears, salivate ; flow ; — vm. 
inf. ihtildb, x. inf. istihldb, milk ; 

— x. press out juice. 

s-J*» halb, milking (s.) ; — halab, 
fresh milk ; Aleppo ; — hulvb, 
pi. of **•*». fraluba-t; — huUab, 
plant with milky juice; — s-J^ 
s-*U» hullab qullab, versatile, cun- 



ning 



— 8 



halba-t y pi. hald'ib, 



race-horses ; horse-race ; milking 
(s.); — hulba-tf fennel, traga- 
canth ; clover ; — halaba-t, horse- 
race ; pi. of s-^W halib, milking 
(adj.). 

&WU- halbdna-t, milch camel. 

(jLeL.) hilbid, f . 8 , small camel. 

(^^Jk) halbas, inf. 8, go, go away; 



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293 



— haJbas, lion; devoted; also 

faulabis, a brave one, hero. 
**>j*U. halaMi, {m5 ^- halba, milch 

camel. 
i- 5«^ halabiyy, native of Aleppo, 
(tfria.) halat, i, inf. halt, shave off, 

pull out. 
«*« tt sU hilt it, e^ z l ft hiUis, asa- 

foetida. 

(cM tolaj, u > x > INF * £**(/» car< ^ 
cotton ; round, roll ; travel all 
night ; walk short distances ; 
beat ; break wind ; (m.) halt 
with one foot. 

(JJ^) halhal, inf. 8, push from 
one's place; shake; — n. inf. 
tahalhul, be pushed, shaken. 

0*°0 tola*, u, inf. hah, remove 
the hair from a skin, the bark 
from wood, &c. ; — v. inf. to- 
halluz, gird one's self; make 
ready for. 

jU hillizy I , short ; avaricious ; 
malicious; owl. 

<#)*•■ halazHn, snail; — & halazu- 
niyy, snail-shaped, spiral ; spiral 
staircase ; spiral shell. 

(<jJ**) halas, i, inf. hah, cover a 
camel with the saddle-cloth ; 
rain continuously ; — halis, a, 
inf. halas, attend continually, 
be continually at a place ; — 
ix. inf. Muds, be chestnut 
coloured ; — x. inf. istifalds, use 
for a saddle-cloth ; cover the 
ground entirely. 

tjJ*. fails, halas, pi. afalds, favMs, 
faalasa-t, woollen covering placed 
beneath a camel's saddle ; — 
fails, hah, covenant, alliance ; — 
fails, halis, fourth arrow in the 
game of arrows; faalis, apt, 
strong, brave; avaricious. 

LL. faalsd, f . of crW afalas, chest- 
nut coloured. 

(^JL.) faUsamm, avaricious. 

(JA+) faalai, inf. faaU, reap with a 
sickle. 

(UL.) faalaf, v, inf. faalf, be rash, 

* hasty, angry, obstinate ; swear, 
take an oath; — faalif, a, inf. 



halat, be hasty, angry; — vin. 
inf. ihlUdf=i.; separate in 
enmity from (^ 'an). 
(t-AU) halaf, i, inf. half, hilf, 
halif, mahldf, mahlufa-t, swear, 
take an oath ; conjure ; — n. 
inf. tahlif, exact an oath from 
(ace.) ; — in. inf. muhdlafa-t, 
take an oath of covenant with 
another; — iv. inf. ihldf =ii.; 

— vi. inf. tahdluf, bind one 
another by an oath of covenant ; 

— x. inf. isUhldf, conjure, exact 
an oath from (ace.) ; renounce 
by oath. 

«-Ak- half, hilf, halif, taking an 
oath, swearing (s.) ; — hilf, pi. 
ahldf, oath ; sworn covenant ; 
pi. who have sworn a covenant, 
confederates; friendship; parti- 
sanship, party ; — halif, covenant, 
confederacy. 

taL. halfd 1 , pi. haluf, a shameless 
and boisterous woman ; bul- 
rushes for making baskets ; — 
hvlafd', pi. of «-AjL> faalif. 

gtaL. halfdn, oath. 

((jmAL.) hilf as, fat. 

(li^O faalciq, h inf. halq, tahldq, 
shave ; shear ; — u, injure in 
the throat, the palate; fill a 
cistern ; determine approxi- 
mately; — ii. inf. tahliq, shave 
smooth; soar into the air, fly 
in circles ; rise ; have a halo ; 
be three-quarters ripe ; — v. 
inf. tahaUuq, be surrounded by 
a circle; have a halo; form a 
circle, sit in a circle; describe 
circles in the air. 

vJ^U faalaq, throat, palate ; — failq, 
seal-ring; — hullaq, pi. of jpU- 
fadliq, full udder, hillock; — 8 
halqa-t, failqa-t, pi. faalaq, faaliq, 
failaq, ring ; round clamp; buckle; 
lock of hair, ringlet; ear-ring; 
twist (pastry) ; circle ; halo ; 
fold, enclosure, fence ; as- 
sembly, troop ; armour ; rope ; 
empty vessel ; mark of a camel 



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294 



J- 



by branding; — halaqa-t, pi. of 
<3*^ hdliq, barber. 

^Vfilo. kulqdn, 8 hulqdna-t, three- 
quarters ripe. 

(^cw) halqam, inf. 8 , sever one's 
throat. 

(^aifi.) halqan, inf. 8 , be three- 
quarters ripe. 

f»ys£» hulqum, pi. AaZ^m, throat ; 
gullet. 

^3^ halqiyy, guttural. 

<*U». £aZi&, a, inf. halah, huluha-t, 
also xn. ihlaulaq, inf. ihlildq, 
be black as a raven ; — 8 hulka-t, 
thorough blackness. 

(f»&fe») haUcam, hulkum, entirely 
black. 

Jle» AafoZ, lameness of the hips ; 
inf. of ( J«*) ; — hilal, hulal, pi. 
of ^- hilla-t, huUa-t, respec- 
tively ; — hullal, pi. of JW A<£#, 
impending, due. 

(fj*.) halam, a, halum, inf. #aZra, 
dream ; have a wet dream ; 
halam, louse ; — halum, inf. 
hilm, be gentle, mild ; — halim, 
a, inf. halam, swarm with 
worms or lice ; — n. inf. tahlim, 
render gentle, mild ; rid of 
worms or lice ; — iv. inf. ihldm, 
have gentle and good children ; 
— v. inf. tahallum, show one's 
self gentle and considerate ; 
dream ; tell false dreams ; — 
vn. inf. infyildm, viii. inf. ihtU 
Idm, dream ; viii. attain to 
puberty. 

fja- hilm, pi. huMrn, aftldm, gentle- 
ness combined with considerate- 
ness, mildness, urbanity ; — fyulm, 
frulum, pi. ahldm, dream, vision ; 
maturity, puberty ; — \alam, I , 
small worm or louse; — halim, 
swarming with lice ; — $ hala- 
ma-t, teat, nipple ; (m.) mouth- 
piece of a pipe. 

UJU. falamd', pi. of f*J** fyalim* 

&»+U. frilmiyya-t, gentleness, mild- 
ness. 

(jU) hold, v, Inf. hdlw, hulwdn, 
be sweet, pleasant to the taste, 



sugared ; be agreeable, pleasing 
to the eye or mind ; — inf. 
halw, make sweet, pleasant ; 
give ; — <J^» halt, a, inf. hald- 
wa-t, be sweet, pleasant; deem 
or find sweet ; receive anything 
pleasant; — }** halu, inf. hold- 
wa-t, be sweet, pleasant ; — n. 
halla 1 , (m.) j!** haUa, inf. 
tahliya-t, sweeten ; sugar ; make 
pleasant ; — in. inf. muhdldt, 
show one's self amiable to 
(ace.), treat kindly, caress, 
flatter ; — v. inf. tahalli, deem 
or find sweet ; — vi. inf. tahdlt, 
show one's self amiable ; — x. 
inf. istihwd, find sweet, agree- 
able; be sweet; — xn. ihlaula, 
inf. ihlild, be sweet, agreeable. 

}*» hulw (also huluww), $ , sweet, 
agreeable, lovely, amiable ; — 
halu 9 , collyrium. 

V** halwd', f. sweet, pleasant, 
agreeable ; aything sugared, 
confectionery, confitures ; halwd', 
f . of ij**\ , sweeter. 

q\£*- hulwdn, inf. of (^) ; — 
also 8 bulwdna-t, portion, dowry ; 
compensation to a divorced 
woman ; gratification, present, 
gratuity; fee ; — ^fuilwdniyy, con- 
fectioner ; — lyidwdniyy, sweet. 

jjrtjL. fyalwd'iyy, confectioner. 

v>jla. halub, milking (adj.) ; milked ; 

— 8 h^aluba-t, pi. hald'ib, hulub, 
animal that yields milk, milch. 

Jjle- bul&l, inf. of ( J*-),; incorpo- 
ration, incarnation, penetration; 

— pi. of JW frdM, descending, 
impending, due ; — <.$ fraluliyy, 
believer in the incarnation of 
God. 

^jla* fralwa) pi. fraldwa, sweets, 
confectionery ; — halwa, sweet ; 

— *x>\ fralwiyydt, sweetmeats, 
sweets. 

(<J^0 fatof h INF » £<%» adorn ; *— 
hall, a, inf. holy, be adorned ; 
adorn one's self j — n. inf. 
tabliya-ti adorn ; describe a 



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J- 



295 



person ; — v. inf. tahalli, be 
adorned. 

{ J*> hali', v. see (%») ; — holy, pi. 
huliyy, hiliyy, ornaments of a 
woman, jewellery ; — haliyy, 8 , 
pi. ahliya-t, white thistle ; 
adorned ; — 8 halya-t, adorn- 
ment, jewel ; — hilya-t, pi. hila, 
adornment, jewellery ; dis- 
tinguishing quality ; conson- 
ance. 

halib, milk. 
halit, frost ; — hiUit, asa- 
fcetida. 

qJ*- halij, carded ; — 8 halija-t, 
dates in milk ; cream. 

c ft g U halif, pi. hulafd', confede- 
rate ; fellow conspirator ; sharp ; 
nettled. 

(j*k> haliq, shaved. 

J*la> halil, pi. ahilld', husband, 
wife ; anything lawful ; — 8 
halila-t, pi. hald'il, wife. 

pj** halim, pi. hulamd, ahldm, 
gentle and considerate, mild; 
gracious. 

(^) hamm, u, (m.) a, inf. hamm, 
make hot, heat; melt; hasten 
the pace of an animal ; make 
it hot for, cause anxiety ; pass. 
humm, have a hot fever; be 
troubled, put to anxiety ; — 
inf. humiim, decree ; intend ; 
determine according to weight 
or measure ; — for hamim, a, 
inf. hamam, have ceased to 
glow ; be black as coal ; be 
very hot ; — iv. inf. ihmdm, 
warm, heat ; cause anxiety ; 
afflict with a fever ; be at hand, 
present, near ; — v. inf. taham- 
mum, take a warm bath ; — vn. 
inf. inhimdm, be heated, grow 
anxious, heated with passion ; 
have a fever; — viii. inf. ihti- 
mam, be caused anxiety; be 
prevented from sleep by sorrow 
or anxiety ; x. inf. 1st ihmdm, take 
a warm bath. 

p*- ham, ham', hama' (U* ham-ari), 



pi. ahmd', father-in-law ; — 
hamm, anxiety ; flight, escape ; 

— humm, pi. hamd'im, the best 
part ; heat of mid-day ; pi. of 
f**\ ahamm, white, <fec. ; — 8 
hamma-t, thermal spring ; — him- 
ma-t, sweat, perspiration ; death ; 
— humma-t, heat ; fervour; fever ; 
blackish brown ; pigeon-colour ; 
pi. humam, himdm, destiny ; c 
j^H humma-t al-firdq, fate, 
death ; also huma-t, poison of 
a scorpion. 

(Ua.) hama', a, inf. ham', cleanse 
from mud ; — Kj ^^ hami', A, 
inf. ham', hama', be muddy ; 
be angry. 

U»- hamd', 8U*. ham'a-t, pi. U*- 
ham-an, thin mud, filth, dung ; 

— himd*, inf. in. of Gj*°0; 
defence ; anything forbidden ; 
precinct ; — hammd', pi. humm, 
the buttocks ; — hummd', pi. 
hummayd-t, hot fever ; — 8 ha- 
mat, mother-in-law ; pi. hama- 
wdt, calf of the leg ; Hama ; — 
humdt, pi. of o*£ hdmi, pro- 
tector. 

jUa. hamdd-i, well done ! bravo ! — 
hammdd, who praises much; — 
^ humdda, pi. humddaydt, end, 
extremity, what is last. 

jU»» himdr, pi. hamir, ahmira-t, hu- 
mur, humur, humur at, mahmura", 
ass, wild ass; 8 himdra-t, pi. 
hamd'ir, she-ass ; upper part of 
the foot; instep; himdr, himd- 
ra-t, wooden fore-part of a 
camel's saddle ; wood for sharp- 
ening knives ; — hammdr, pi. 
hammdra-t, ass-driver, muleteer; 

— 8 hammdra-t, lazy beast ; 
highest heat of summer. 

^U*. humdrii, strong, bold ; lion. 

^U*. himdriyy, 8 , ass- like ; — 8 
himdriyya-t, agreement for equal 
division. 

SjUc hamdza-t, strength ; sharp- 
ness. 

&»U»> hamdea-t, bravery ; energy ; 



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Google 



title of an ancient collection of 
poetry. 

u*W hummdd, sorrel. 

tU^ hamdj, * , a herb ; rice-straw ; 
— 8 hamdta-t, secret of the heart; 
pi. himdf, mountain-fig. 

,jUft» hamdq, humdq, small -pox ; — 
himdq, ^iU*. hamdqd, humdqd, 
pi. of &+*A ahmaq, stupid, fool- 
ish ; — 8 hamdqa-t, stupidity, 
foolishness. 

cr**U*> hamdqiB, pi. calamities. 

JU*» hammdl, porter ; — 8 hamd- 
la-t, undertaking, carrying, suf- 
fering (s.), inf. of (J**) ; mulct 
for bloodshed; — himdla-t, pi. 
humul, tribute; fine; pi. ha- 
md'il, sword-belt; trade of a 
porter. 

gJU^ hamdlij, pi. of ejU*> hamluj. 

<3*JW hamdliq, pi. of jW himldq. 

f»U»» hamdm, 8, pi. -dt, hamd'im, 
turtle-dove ; dove, pigeon ; any 
bird with a neck-ring; — himdm, 
fate, death ; — humdm, fever of 
a beast of burden ; nobleman, 
lord ; — hammdm, pi. hammdmdt, 
warm bath ; — ^ hammdmiyy, 
bath-keeper. 

/W*> hamd'ir, pi. of 8jU*. himdra-t. 

JJU*. hamd'il, pi. of &U*> himdla-t. 

I^Uft. hamd'im, pi. of ^ humm, 
&»W hamdma-t, and & ♦ £ ■♦ * » Aamt- 
raa-£. 

^Ua. himdya-t, protection ; (m.) 
prot£g£, client ; fuel. 

(o-^) hamat, i, inf. Aawtf, set 
over and fill with love for; — 
hamit, a, inf. hamat, be rank, 
spoiled, deteriorated ; — hamut, 
inf. humuta-t, be very hot, 
sultry. 

(e**0> "• hammaj, inf. tahmij, 
compress the eye- lids to see 
better ; look sharply at (<J\ 
ila); be sunk; be defaced by 
anger. 

((** +* -) hamham, inf. 8 , and n. 
inf. tahamhum, neigh, roar; 
— himhim, entirely black ; a 



bird ; — 8 himhima-t, ox-tongue 
(plant). 
(• Uftfc ) hamid, a, inf. hamd, mah- 
mad, mahmid, makmida-t, praise ; 
reward, thank; find praiseworthy, 
good ; be angry ; — n. inf. tah- 
mid, praise highly, glorify God ; 

— iv. inf. ihmdd, show one's 
self praiseworthy; find good, 
praiseworthy ; approve, be 
pleased with ; deserve thanks 
from (<J^ l ala) ; be kind. 

*+*- hamd, praise ; kindness, favour, 
grace ; reward, thank ; — 8 ham- 
da-t, praiseworthy (f.) ; — hu- 
mada-t, who always praises, flat- 
terer. 

J.U*. hamdal, inf. 8 , say &J x+*$\ 
al-hamd-u li-'l-ldh-i. 

(j+*») hamar, u, inf. hamr, scrape 
off ; skin ; shave ; — hamir, a, 
inf. hamar, suffer from indi- 
gestion; grow stupid, like an 
ass ; burn with anger ; — n. 
inf. tahmir, call or treat as an 
ass ; dye red, rubricate ; speak 
as a Himyarite; — v. inf. ta- 
hammur, id. ; rouge (n.) ; — ix. 
inf. ihmirdr, be red, redden, 
blush ; — xi. inf. ihmirdr, be 
very red. 

j**» hamr, skinning, flaying (s.); 
— humr, pi. of j**A ahmar, red ; 

— humar, tamarind ; bitumen, 
asphalt ; — humur, pi. of jU*. 
himdr; — hummdr, 8, a finch 
with a red head ; — 8 humra4, pi. 
humar, redness; blush; rough; 
dust of red brick ; plague-blister, 
anthrax; erysipelas. 

\*>** hamrd, f. qV** humrdn, pi. of 
\ ahmar, red. 
humurdt, pi. of ^W himdr. 
(y**) hamaz, i, inf. hamz, burn 

on the tongue ; sharpen, point ; 

seize ; — hamuz, inf. hamdm-t, 

be strong, hard. 
y**- hamz, sharpness, acidity; — 5 

hamza-t, lion ; a herb. 
(cr*°0 hamas, u, inf. hams, stew 

meat ; provoke to anger ; — 



r 



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(J«»+ft 



hamis, a, inf. hamas, be firm 
in one's belief, brave in battle ; 

— hamus, inf. hamdsa-t, id. ; — 
ii. inf. tahmis, iv. inf. ihmds, 
stew meat; irritate; — v. show 
one's self unshakeable in belief, 
brave in battle ; grow angry, fly 
into a passion. 

•**»► hums, pi. of <j»+*\ ahmas, 
strong, firm, &c. ; — hamas, un- 
shaken firmness ; 2 hamasa-t, 
tortoise ; — hamis, unshakeable, 
brave, energetic ; — humsa-t, 
honour, consideration. 

hamsd, f. of {j~+*\ ahmas, 
strong, firm. 

((jft***.) llamas', i, inf. humiMa-t, be 
thin; — u, inf. ham4, gather, 
assemble (a.) ; provoke to anger ; 
pursue in anger, chase ; — hamiS, 
A, inf. hams', hams'a-t, be angry ; 
be violent, oppressive ; — inf. 
hams, hamas, have thin thighs 
or legs ; — hamus, inf. humusa-t, 
be thin ; — n. inf. tahmis, itch, 
burn ; be granulous, coagulate 
and become granulous ; — viii. 
inf. Mimas, grow inflamed with 
anger ; fight. 

tj***^ hams', hamii, having thin 
thighs ; thin ; fleshless ; hams, 
pi. himds, thin ; — 8 himSa-t, 
anger, rage, indignation, vexa- 
tion. 

(^o^a.) hamas, u, inf. hams, humus, 
subside, abate ; cease to be 
swollen ; take a mote out of 
the eye ; perspire violently ; — 
inf. hams, rock gently to and 
fro (n.) — ii. inf. tahmis, roast ; 
— v. inf. tahammus, get roasted ; 
shrink ; — vn. inf. inhimds, 
subside, abate. 

(<^**-) hamad, u, inf. hamd, be 
sour, acid ; have aversion for 
(^ l ari) ; desire ; — inf. hamd, 
humiid, browse on bitter herbs ; 

— hamid, a, be or turn sour ; 

— hamud, inf. humuda-t, id. ; — 
ii. inf. tahmid, iv. inf. ihmdd, 
make sour, acidulate, leaven. 



<j±+*- hamd, pi. humxid, a bitter 
plant; sorrel (also J * * ** ** ham- 
did) ; — humud, pi. of o 6 * 4 * 
hamid ; — S hamda-t, desire, 
craving. 

(W) hamaf, h inf. ham{, peel, 
pare. 

(}*+*») hamtar, inf. 8 , fill ; put a 
string to the bow. 

(W-) hamaz, u, inf. hamz, spur, 
urge on. 

(JW-) hamzal, coloquintida ; — 
inf. I , gather coloquintida. 

(<3*a-) hamiq, A, inf. humq, humuq, 
be stupid, imbecile, foolish ; (m.) 
be vexed, angry ; — hamuq, inf. 
hamdqat, be stupid, an idiot ; 
be dull (market) ; — ii. inf. 
tahmiq, call or deem stupid, 
treat as a fool; declare to be 
foolishness ; pass, drink wine ; 

— iv. inf. ihmdq, find stupid; 

— vi. inf. tahdmuq, feign stu- 
pidity ; — x. inf. islihmdq, find 
stupid ; be stupid ; act fool- 
ishly. 

<3*»- hwmq, stupidity, idiotcy, fool- 
ishness ; wine ; — hamaq, fluor 
albus ; anger, vexation ; — hamiq, 
pi. humaqd y , { J^^- hamqa, block- 
head ; humuq, pi. and — 

Va**. hamqd', f. of <>*^ ahmaq, 
stupid, foolish. 

q\sU*» hamqdn, angry ; vexed. 

(*sW) hamik, a, inf. hamk, step 
along. 

*sW hamak, 8 , anything small ; 
smail lice, ants; children; low 
people; leader; 2, small, low 
(f.). 

( J***) hamal, i, inf. haml, humldn, 
carry ; support, endure ; im- 
port ; send ; impose, impute ; 
treat kindly ; attack, charge ; 
instigate, incite, excite against ; 
bear great hardships in tra- 
velling; refer a word to or 
make it agree with another ; 
show one' 8 self angry ; know a 
book by heart; give over to 
destruction ; — i, inf. haml, be 

38 



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J~ 



vA 



■ *.- 



pregnant ; bear fruit ; swell, 
over-flow ; — inf. hamdla-t, be 
at one's service, ready for; 
pass, be covered (mare) ; — n. 
inf. tahmil, burden with (2 
ace.) ; cause, bid, or ask to 
carry, deliver, &c. ; impute to 
(2 ace.) ; — iv. inf. ihmdl, im- 
pose a burden; help to carry 
(2 ace.) ; — v. inf. tahammul, 
take up a burden ; carry, sup- 
port, bear, suffer; make debts; 
break up a camp and depart; 

— vi. inf. tahdmul, impose 
anything hard, treat harshly; 
oppress ; — vn. inf. inhimdl, 
be carried ; be bearable ; — viii. 
inf. ihtimdl, carry ; bear, sup- 
port, suffer ; permit, allow ; 
overlook an offence ; acknow- 
ledge a benefit, be thankful 
(also pass, uhtumil, be allow- 
able, possible ; pass, with ^ 
'ala, grow angry) ; impose a 
burden ; break up the camp 
and depart ; — x. inf. istihmdl, 
charge one's self with one's own 
affairs, perform them one's self ; 
ask or demand to carry. 

J4*. haml, carrying (s.) ; preg- 
nancy ; pi. himdl, ahmdl, embryo 
(in the womb) ; pi. himdl, humill, 
ahmdl, fruit of a tree ; — himl, 
pi. ahmdl, burden, load ; pi. 
humul, camel-litter, camels bear- 
ing litters ; — hernial, pi. humldn, 
ahmdl, lamb, ram, wether ; sign 
of the Earn ; — huml, pi. of #u*» 
himdla-t ; — * hamla-t, attack ; 
charge of horse; push; effort; 

— himla-t, load, burden ; — 
hamala-t, bearers, pi. of J*U- 
hdmil. 

©JU^ himldj =$£+*> humlvj. 

£%**> himldq, humldq, pi. hamdltq, 

the inner side of the eye-lid; 

edge of the eye coloured with 

colly rium. 
$+*• humldn, inf. of ( J*e*) ; pi. 

of J^ hamal ; hospitable gift. 



(gJUa») hamlaj, inf. & , twist a rope 

very firm. 
(<jU**) hamlaq, inf. &, open the 

eyes wide and stare at, gaze. 
£jl*L humluj, pi. hamdlij, bellows 

of a goldsmith. 
j^U*. humluq= «jW- himldq. 
JU*- hamliyy, categorical. 
f**e» hamam, blackness ; — himam, 

inf. of (^) ; — humam, pi. of 

&♦*• humma-t ; — * humama-t, 

coal, 
(^j^c) hamn, small lice (also &U**. 

hamndna-t) ; ticks (insects). 

(A) 8ee (l5^)« , . , 

y**- hamw, heat; also a hamwa-t, 
first heat of the morning ; 
prime ; — hamn, hamw, ham', 
father-in-law, brother-in-law ; 
— humaw, poison of a scor- 
pion ; — humawdt, pi. of SU*» 
hamdL 

*>j*e> hamud, praised, praiseworthy. 

jj*e> humur, pi. of ;Uo> himdr. 

&fc;+e* humuia-t, thinness of the 
legs. 

&>y4£» humuda-t, acidity ; acid taste, 
inf. of (u***-)- 

Jj**> hamul, porter; bearer, suf- 
ferer ; gentle, mild ; — $ hamn- 
la-t, beast of burden ; load, 
burden, freight, cargo ; — humv- 
la-t, camel-loads ; fee of a porter ; 
carriage, costs of transport. 

(cj**-) hamd, 1, inf. hamy, himd- 
ya-t, mahmiya-t, protect, defend, 
ward off, forbid to touch or 
enter (ace. or <jy min) ; not 
be ridden or loaded ; — inf. 
hamy, hamwa-t, himdya-t, ha- 
miyya-t, forbid, bid one (ace. 
or J li) to abstain from (ace. or 
^ 'aw- respectively) ; — hami, A, 
inf. hamiyya-t, mahmiyya-t, be 
in awe of, abstain with awe or 
reverence ; — inf. hamy, humiyy, 
humuww, glow, be hot, perspire ; 
— inf. hamy, humuww, glow, be 
heated ; be angry against (^ 
*ala) ; — 11. inf. tahmiya-t, make 
hot or to glow; heat; — ill. inf. 



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muhdmdt, himd\ defend; plead 
for ; — iv. inp. ihmd', make hot 
or to glow; brand; declare a 
place prohibited to others, de- 
clare one's determination to 
defend a place ; meet such a 
place ; — v. inf. tahammi, get 
hot, be heated ; rush upon with 
impetuosity ; — vi. inf. tahdmi, 
be on one's guard against, set 
guard on ; go aside from, re- 
frain from (ace); — vni. inf. 
ihtimd', abstain from (^ min) ; 
fast; defend one's self; call 
for protection or help; — xn. 
ihmauma, inf. ihmimd\ be 
black. 

hami\ see (U*») ; — hami\ 
muddy ; — him-an, hima, du. 
himawdn, pi. ahmd', well guarded 
and prohibited to others; pre- 
cinct; domain; sanctuary; any- 
thing forbidden ; — humma, pi. 
hummaydt, hot fever ; — hamiyy, 
pi. hamiyya4 x protected, _pro- 
hibited = hxm-an ; hot, glowing; 
— ft himya-t, anything defended 
or to be defended; anything 
forbidden ; diet ; — hamiyya-t, 
feeling of honour and shame; 
dignity joined to modesty ; ab- 
stinence, diet ; zeal ; — hammiy- 
ya-t, intense heat. 

W-*^- humayyd, humayy-an, ardour 
of passion; fire of youth, of 
wine ; wine ; — hammayd, any- 
thing that must be defended. 

tf» fl .» r. hamit, extreme rage ; pi. 
humut, leathern flask. 

•**»»» hamid, &, praised, praise- 
worthy ; — S hamida-t, pi. Aa- 
md'id, praiseworthy quality or 
action. 

j***. hamir, pi. of ^U*» himdr; also 
5 hamira-t, strap, girth ; — him- 
yar, name of the first ancestor 
of a tribe ; — 8 humaira-t, 
erysipelas ; — ^ himyariyy, 8 , 
belonging to the tribe of Him- 
yar ; — h himyariyya-t, language 
of the Himyarites. 



y*£» hamia, firm, vigorous. 

u~**»» hamUy *, brave; impetuous, 

vehement ; stove ; — 8 hamUa-t, 

stew. 
& ««■♦* > hamisa-t, pi. hamd'is, stolen 

sheep. 
<y»a*** hamid, pi. kumud, tract of 

land abounding in bitter herbs. 
to***, humaiqd', ^h * * humaiqa, 

small-pox. 
Ja*a* hamily carried, carried off ; 

imported when young (slave) ; 

stranger ; foundling ; bastard ; 

— 8 hamila-t, people of the 
house ; pi. hamCCil, sword-belt. 

(**+*■ hamim, hot water; thermal 
spring, hot bath ; summer-heat ; 
afflicted with fever ; pi. ahimmd', 
fever; relation, relative, friend; 

— 8 hamima-t, pi. hamctim, hot 
water or milk ; best part of 
one's property ; — «t>\ humaimdt, 
live coal. 

(fc>°0 hann, i, inf. hanin, call 
tenderly, cry, sigh, complain ; 
be moved with a longing desire ; 
resound ; — inf. hann, handn 9 
have compassion on (^ *ala) ; 

— ii. inf. tahnm, bloom ; — iv. 
inf. ihndn, make the bow re- 
sound ; err, transgress ; — v. inf. 
tahannun, be moved with love 
and compassion; — vi. inf. ta- 
hdnn, x. inf. istihndn, long for ; 

— 8 hanna-t, sister-in-law ; wife ; 
folly.' 

(U^) hana\ a, inf. han\ be densely 
covered with vegetation ; lie 
with ; — II. inf. tahwC, tahni'a-t, 
dye red with henna; — v. inf. 
tahanni, be dyed red. 

U*. hinnd, 8 , pi. hun'dn, the plant 
henna (Lawsonia inermti). 

&*Ua. handbila-t, pi. of <^*^ ham- 
baliyy. 

;*Ufi> handjir, pi. of 8^*. hanjira-t 
and (also yt&\**> handjir) of jy***- 
fyunjiir. 

Uit&\s*. handjif, pi. of «-*jV*- kun* 



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LUa. hanndt, corn-merchant ; — 
hin&t, materials for embalming ; 
— 8 hin&ta-t, art of embalming ; 
corn-trade; — ^ hannd(iyy, pi. 8, 
corn- merchant. 
^Us* handn, compassion, mercy ; 
tenderness ; abundance ; wages, 
P a y ; — hanndn, moved with 
compassion or tenderness ; mer- 
ciful ; resounding ; open ; — 
hun'dn, pi. of ^a- hinnd\ 
V4U** handy d, pi. of &*+*. haniyya-t. 
£jU&. hindya-t, bending (s.). 
{ J\s*» hinnd'iyy, seller of henna; 

henna-coloured. 
(s-^.) hanib, A, inf. hanab ; — n. 
inf. iahnib, be gracefully bent 
in the loins ; — n. inf. tahannub, 
be bent. 
(yft^D.) hambas, inf. 8, jump, 
leap ; clap the hands ; play, 
laugh, amuse by telling stories, 
i/ojj*. himbis, 8 himbasa4, stratagem 
in warfare ; ^\ $\ aba 'l-himbis, 
fox. 
( J***) hambal, inf. 8 , eat of the 
bean humbul ; put on a fur coat; 
— ii. inf. tahambul, hang down 
the head. 
J*^. hambal, short, dwarfish ; fur 
coat ; worn boot ; fleshy, paunch- 
bellied ; sea ; name of the 
founder of one of the four 
law-schools ; — humbul, French 
bean ; — ^ hambaliyy, pi. hand' 
bila-t, follower of Hambal. 
(Uluf.) hantaf, locusts as a dish. 
(^Ate.) hantam, 8, pi. handtim, green 

water- jug ; coloquintida. 
(»**ue*) hams, be a blasphemer and 
perjurer ; break one's oath ; 
waver between good and evil ; — 
iv. inf. ihnds, induce to perjury ; 
— v. inf. tahannus, shun false 
gods and sin. 
%**** hins, sin, crime, perjury. 
(yUcw) fransar, ^j**** hansariyy, 

stupid. 
j£fe. hansal, weak. 



(gjta.) hanaj, I, inf. hanj, bend, 
cause to bend; twist strongly; 
present itself, happen, occur. 
5^- hinj, pi. hindj, root, origin, 
(v^u-to) hunjub, dry, withered, 
(j^e*) hunjud, long, lengthy, 
(^a.) hanjar, 8 hanjar a-t, pi. 
handjir, throat, gullet ; — hanjar, 
inf. 8 , slaughter (by cutting the 
throat). 
(<-V^) hutijaf, hinjif, hunjuf, 8 
hanj af a-t, &c, upper edge of the 
hip. 
;jV*- hunjur, pi. handjir, gullet ; 
I throat ; (m.) phial, small bottle. 
4-i^^a- hunjuf, part of the ribs 

which joins the spine, 
(^^o.) hanhan, tnf. 8 , be moved 

with compassion or tenderness, 
(gjuc*) hunduj, pi. handdij, long 

sand-hill, 
(jju^) hundur, j)<u*» hundur, pi. 

handdir, pupil of the eye. 
(^j^**) hindis, pi. handdis, dark 
night ; darkness ; — handas, 
inf. 8 , 11. inf. tahandus, be very 
dark, 
jyjocw handaqiiq, hindaquq, lotus ; 

clover. 
^J^ hundilj a-t =$<***- hunduj. 
8^joo* hundura-t=j±t*» hundur. 
(ju^) hanaz, 1, inf. Aawr, tahndz, 

roast beneath heated stones, 
(y^) hanar, inf. Aanr, construct a 

vault or arch, 
(v^yc*) hinzdb, strong ass ; par- 
snip ; a bird ; strong dwarf. 
(v****) hanis, a, inf. hanas, be 
always in the midst of the 
battle. 
(<j&^) hanas, sting ; — 11. inf. 
tahnis, chase ; avert from, cause 
to desist ; — iv. inf. ihnds, 
avert, cause to desist ; urge to 
speed. 
(Ju*~ hanas, pi. ahnds, male snake, 

reptile; fly. 
(^a^) hanas, u, inf. frans, die. 
hinsa'y weak. 



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301 



J-w*- handal, S handala-t, pond, 
water-ditch. 

0**e*) hanaf, i, inf. hanf, sigh 
with grief ; be red ; — u, inf. 
hunuf, be ripe for harvest; — 
ii. inf. tahnip, embalm ; — iv. 
inf. ihndf, id. ; die ; be ripe 
for harvest; — v. inf. tahannvj, 
get embalmed ; be irritated 
against (J li) ; — x. inf. istih- 
ndty id. ; seek death, rush into 
the din of battle; — * hin(a-t, 
pi. hinat, wheat. 

(srJaAa.) hanfab, goat. 

(J ***), ii. tahanfar, inf. tahanfur, 
turn and twist about, be irreso- 
lute in a matter. 

( Jtoa.) hanzal, 8 , coloquintida. 

( Jp*») hanza, inf. &£**» hanza! a-t, 
talk ribaldry (woman). 

^ybte. hinziydn, shameless, impu- 
dent (woman). 

(ULte>) hanaf, I, inf. Aon/, bend; 
— hanif, a, inf. hanaf, have 
the feet turned inwards ; — 
hanuf, inf. handfa-t, id. ; — v. 
inf. tahannuf, turn from idolatry 
to the true religion. 

to*. hanfd\ f. of Uu*\ ahnaf, 
turned inwards; tortoise; bow; 
razor ; — hvnafd', pi. of «- A . > t* 
Aawt/ 1 . 

(yijUo.) At'n/S«, shameless, impudent 
(woman). 

(,jju*.) Aitt/w, viper. 

^jrfUo. hanafiyy, follower of Abu 
Hanifa ; orthodox ; — $ Aana- 
fiyya-t, sect of Hanifites ; 
orthodoxy ; reservoir with taps ; 
tap. 

(<>**•) haniq, A, inf. hanaq, haniq, 
be enraged; hate, bear a deep 
grudge ; — iv. inf. ihndq, hate 
with irreconcilable hatred. 

&+- hanaq, pi. hindq, violent 
anger, rage; — haniq, enraged; 
spiteful. 

(*sW) hanak, i, u, inf. hank, 
bridle ; make wise ; understand 
well ; chew ; — n. inf. tahnik, 
make wise ; chew ; — iv. inf. 



ihndk, make wise ; — vin. inf. 
ihtindk, id. ; bridle. 
**k&- hanak, pi. ahndk, palate ; 
lower part of the chin ; — hunk, 
experience ; firmness and pru- 
dence ; — hunuk, S , experienced ; 
prudent ; — 2 hanaka-t, rugged 
ground. 

( J^O hankaly inf. 8 , walk clum- 
sily and heavily. 

(^o.) hanarriy S , owl. 

(***•) handy v, inf. hanw, hand*, 
bend, crook; contort; bend the 
head ; — inf. hanw, make a 
bow ; — inf. hunuwwy lean to- 
wards, incline, have an incli- 
nation for (^c l ala) ; — n. inf. 
tahniya-t, bend, crook ; — iv. 
inf. ihnd\ incline towards ; — v. 
inf. tahanni, be bent, crooked ; 
— vn. inf. inhind', id.; be 
flexible ; incline towards. 

y»- hunuwwy inclination, affection, 
tenderness, compassion ; — hinw, 
pi. haniyy, huniyy, ahnd\ bend, 
inflection ; saddle- bridge ; bend- 
ing outlines of the body, &c. ; 
chin ; ribs ; mountain-slope. 

Lye. hanuf, fragrant herbs ; mate- 
rials for embalming. 

(jjy*. hantin, tender, fond, affec- 
tionate, compassionate ; — hunun, 
pi. of (j^a- hanin, hinnin. 

{ {mS ^) hana, i, inf. hindya-t, bend, 
crook, contort, incline ; peel. 

v-5 ^- hin-an, hina, henna; — haniyy, 
pi. of y^ hinw ; — $ haniyya-t, pi. 
haniyy, handyd, bow. 

^»- hanyd', f. of { y*\ ahna, 
crooked. 

e~**&. haniSy impious, blasphemous, 
perjured. 

A***- haniz, roasted on heated 
stones ; perspiring. 

iyt**- hanira-ty pi. hand'ir, arch, 
vault; key-stone of an arch or 
vault ; bow without string. 
***. hanif, pi. hunafd, professor 
of the true faith; orthodox; 
circumcised ; — &***. ^\ a bu 
franifa»t, founder of one of the 



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four law-schools; — *t hanifiy- 
' ya-t, his sect ; orthodoxy. 
<£***• haniq, enraged. 
*aXe*a- hanik, experienced ; prudent. 
(^te- hanin, emotion, cry or sigh 

of tenderness or compassion ; 

fond affection; sound of the 

bow ; also hinnin, pi. ahinna-t, 

hunun, hand' in, the two months 

of jumdda. 
j*. huww, pi. of isy*\ ahwa, black ; 

— S huwwa-t, dark red. 
\y*. hawcV, S\j*- haw at, voice, noise, 

sound ; — hiwcV, pi. ahwiya-t, 

hair- tent ; village of tents ; — 

hawwd\ Eve ; f . of &f»\ ahwa, 

black. 
$\f» hawdjj, pilgrimesses to Mecca, 

pi. of ^W hdjja-L 
s-*\j&* hawdjib, pi. of s-*^ hdjib, 

eye-brows, eye-lashes. 
f*\f» hawdjir, yards, Ac, pi. of 

f^a- hajra-L 
J*y* hawdjil, pi. of *Wf» hau- 

jala-t. 
s±>4\f* hawddis, pi. of *a>*>^- hddis, 

S , new, fresh, event, &c. 
jS\f» hawddir, pi. of j*>^ hddir, ag. 

of (;*■>). 

j\f* hawdr, answer; speech, con- 
versation, dialogue ; — huwdr, 
hiwdr, pi. Mr an, hirdn, ahwi- 
ra-t, foal of a camel not yet 
weaned ; — $ hawwdra-t, chalk ; 
— <3 hawwdra, white earth ; very 
white flour or bread ; — hawd- 
riyy, s , shining white; fuller; 
bleacher, washerman ; helper, 
true friend ; disciple of Christ, 
apostle ; disciple of a prophet. 

\\f* hawwdz, instigating, inciting 
(adj.). 

vjV* hawdzxb, pi. of s-»j^» hdzib, 
difficult, grave, serious. 

u-V- hawds, senses,^ pi. of 
£.U- Jkdssa-t ; tyawwds, night- 
watchman. 

<J*\f» hawdsi, pi. of M»^ kdtiya-t, 
q.v. ; retinue, attendance, camp- 
followers ; throng. 



s— >\j»- hawdsib, storms, pi. of s— ^» 
hdsib. 

J-°V- hawdsil, results, &c, pi. of 
J*^ hdsil; pi. of SLoy*- hau- 
sala-t. 

y-y hawdsin, pi. of &*\*» hdsin, 
cnaste. 

j±\y*- hawddir, fixed residences, &c, 
pi. of Sj-bW hddira-t, 

&*\f*- hawddin, nurses, Ac, pi. of 
&-aW hddina-t. 

1>\j»- hawwdf, superior, pre-eminent; 
(m.) tax-gatherer ; furnisher, 
purveyor ; — & huwdja-t, corn- 
magazine, granary. 

I+Mf* hawdtim, pi. of f»y»^ hafum, 
promoting digestion, Ac. 

«j^ hawdaa, things that are cer- 
tain to happen, &c., pi. of &W 
hdqqa-t 

Ji^ hawdqil, pi. of &Sj*- haw 
qala-t. 

Wj* hawdqa-t, sweepings. 

J\ja. hawdl, circumference, circle 
(hawdUa, all around ; again) ; 
change, revolution ; — 8 hawd- 
la-t, turn ; commission, security, 
bail, note of hand ; transfer of 
a debt ; letter of exchange ; 
cheque ; — ^ hawala, all around ; 

— haw dli, surroundings ; pi. of 
&JW- hdliya-t, adorned ; — hawd- 
liyy, very cunning ; pi. S hawd- 
liyya-t, soldier of a garrison, 
policeman, satellite, usher ; pi. 
of <Jf* hauliyy. 

tj)\f» hawdliq, pi. of <jJW hdliq, 

udder; hill, 
^j*- hawdni, the long ribs. 
<*~i\}a. hawdnit, wine-houses, &c, 

pi. of ct>y^ hdntit. 
iSyf* hawdwi, pi. of h£»- hdwiya-t, 

gut, intestine, 
y^a. hawdyd, pi. of h^- hdwiya-t, 

gut, intestine, and of hf> £a- 

wiyya-t. 
(&)*- haicd'im, pi. thirsty camels. 
(v>ja.) Mb, u, inf. haub, haiiba-t, 

hiydba-t, sin, transgress ; — n. 

inp. tahwib, call to the camels ; 

— v. inf. tahawwnb, be sorrow- 



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ful, grieved ; abstain from what 
is unlawful ; — x. inf. isiihdba-t, 
be sorrowful. 

v>j*- haub, hub, 2 hauba-t, hnba~t, 
sin, transgression ; — S hauba-t, 
relationship on mother's side; 
love of a mother ; — hiiba-t, 
mother, wife. 

Wja- haubd', body, person, indi- 
vidual ; somebody ; soul, beart. 

(«u^) hat, u, inf. haut, hawatdn, 
run or fly round. 

4£>j»> hut, pi. hiwata-t, hitdn, ahwdt, 
large fish ; sign of the Fishes ; 
^H s-*a-U sdhib aUhut, Jonas. 

(*&>;&-), IV. INF. ihdsa-t, X. INF. 

istihdsa-t, search the ground ; 
stir up, disperse ; throw about ; 
harass. 

*±>y*- haus, wherever, whenever; 
v±>y v±>^a. Aa^5 6aws, dispersed. 

tfja* £at*$a, liver and gall ; fat (f.). 

($^) hdj, u, inf. to*/, want, be 
in need of (<J\ ila, <^ aw) ; — 
11. inf. tahwij, lead astray ; — 
iv. inf. ihwdj, want, be in need 
of (<^ ila) ; cause to want ; 
compel ; — v. inf. tahawwuj, 
demand for a thing wanted; 
provide one's self with the 
necessary goods, make pur- 
chases ; — viii. inf. ihtiydj, 
want, be in need of (<J\ ila) ; 
be in want, poor ; long for. 

Wja. haujd', want, need ; business, 
affair ; desire ; answer. 

&»>*»» haujala-t, haujalla-t, pi. hawd- 
jil, hawdjll, bottle large at the 
bottom. 

2++y*. haujama-t, pi. haujam, red 
rose. 

(jj**) hud, u =(•***-); — in. inf. 
muhdwada-t, cause continual 
pain. 

(jje>) hdz, u, inf. hauz, drive the 
camels fast; guard, keep watch 
oner; preserve carefully, attend 
to; — iv. inf. ihwdz, drive fast; 
cause to turn round quickly ; 
gather the garments ; — x. inf. 
Utihydz, overcome. 



Gj*0 ^ r 9 u » INP ' haur 9 hu'ur, 
mahdr, mahdra-t, return, come 
back ; be too little of, run 
short; be bewildered, stunned, 
perplexed; — inf. haur, bleach, 
wash clean ; — hawir, a, inf. 
hawar, be shining white, be of 
intense white and black (eye), 
have such eyes, have delicate 
brows, together with a white 
complexion ; — 11. inf. tahwir, 
whitewash ; cover a flat roof 
with earth ; — in. inf. hiwdr, 
muhdwara-t, give an account, 
answer, converse ; — iv. inf. 
ihdra-t, answer; give for an 
answer ; yield flour ; — vi. inf. 
tahdwur, converse ; — ix. inf. 
ihwirdr=s hawir, be white. 

;j»- haur, want ; — Mr, decrease ; 
destruction, annihilation ; pi. of 
jf*\ ahwar and W- haurCC , 
hour i 8 ; — hawar, pi., also I 
hawara-t, pi. hurdn, red leather ; 
white cordovan ; hawar, pi. ahwdr, 
cow ; a paint made of lead ; — 
hawar, also hawwar, (m.) haur, 
S , poplar-tree. 

\tf*- haurd', f. of jy*\ ahwar, having 
eyes of intense white and black. 

y\)y*- hurdn, pi. of /W hd'ir, place 
where water gathers ; pi. of j\^ 
huwdr and ^ hawar, 8 . 

(jj*-) A«*» u > INF » hauz, hiydza-t, 
collect, gather, grasp, get ; pos- 
sess ; lie with ; strain the bow ; 
drive camels quickly, and, by 
opposition, slowly ; walk slowly ; 

— in. inf. muhdtcaza-t, have to 
deal with ; occupy one's self 
with ; tread down, subdue ; — 
v. inf. tahawwuz, be coiled up; 

— vi. inf. tahdwuz, separate, 
sever one's self from ; — vn. 
inf. inhiydz, break up the camp 
and depart; leave; retire; go 
over from one (^ 'an) to (^J\ 
ila) the other ; incline towards ; 
draw aside to ; flee ; — viii. 
inf. ihtiydz, take all for one's 
self; grasp. 



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Jj** Aaws, taking possession, pos- 
session; district; surroundings; 
— S hauza-t, region, tract, coast, 
side ; centre of the empire ; 
court ; precinct, domain, terri- 
tory; troop; taking possession, 
possession. 

lb** hauzd\ general war. 

(v*f*) has, u, inp. haus, enter and 
search for booty ; walk among 
the people and seek; trail on 
the ground ; skin ; — v. inf. 
tahdwusy show boldness and 
bravery ; be seized with pain ; 
be about to depart and remain. 

(\j»f») MS, u, inf. hau$, surround 
tne game and drive it into the 
net; stir up tumult, disorder, 
&c. ; gather camels and drive 
them along ; (m.) surround, 
envelop ; — - n. inf. iahwii, 
gather, assemble (a.) ; — vn. 
inf. inhiyds, be surrounded 
and driven into the net; flee 
in fright; — vm. ihtawas and 
ihtdd, inf. ihtiyds, surround the 
game and start it from its 
lair, chase ; place one in the 
middle, form a circle around, 
surround. 

\j*f» hits', desert inhabited by 
demons; cattle grown savage 
(and possessed by demons) ; 
demons ; — haus", pi. ahwds, en- 
closure for cattle ; fold ; farm ; 
(m.) reclusion; — ^ huSiyy, grown 
wild ; wild, unmanageable ; mis- 
anthrope ; dark ; obscure ; — h 
husiyya-t, growing wild (s.) ; 
misanthropy. 

(iff*) has, u, inf. haus, sew, 
stitch together; unite closely; 
fly around; cover the eyes of 
the hawk. 

(jeyfc- Ms, pi. \*f* hausd', f. of 
jofS ahwas, having one eye 
smaller than the other ; narrow- 
eyed ; — hawas, night ; narrow- 
ness of the eye. 

J-ja- hausal, crop of a bird ; %*f* 
hausald', id. ; Slof- hausala4 9 



hausaHa-t, id.; pi. hawdsil, id.; 
stomach ; power of compre- 
hension, faculty; ambition; — 
hausal, inf. S , fill its crop. 
(u*j*-) had, u, inf. hand, collect 
water ; make a water-reservoir ; 

— ii. inf. tahwid, fly around ; 
— x. inf. istihdda-t, collect water 
in a reservoir. 

u*j*" haud, pi. hiydd, ahwdd, reser- 
voir ; cistern ; watering-place 
for cattle. 

(ty*.) Ml, u, inf. haul, hita-t, 
hiyd(a-t, watch, guard, attend 
to; withdraw; cover (stallion); 

— ii. inf. tahivif, guard; sur- 
round ; enclose, wall in ; build 
a wall; — iv. inf. ihd(a-t, sur- 
round, encompass, enclose; in- 
vest, besiege; be fully master 
of a science, art, or profession ; 
— v. inf. tahawwut, guard, watch 
over ; — vm. inf. inhiydf, sur- 
round ; invest, besiege ; be on 
one's guard, be cautious, be 
wary. 

kjft- haul, moat; circumvallation ; 

amulet ; — i hau(a-t, caution, 

guard. 
(cJja.), ii. hawwaf, inf. tahwif, 

place on the edge ; — v. inf. 

tahawwuf, trim at the edges. 
(«3j*0 $dq, u > inf. hauq, surround, 

encompass, embrace; also n. 

inf. tahwiq, sweep ; polish ; 

sharpen ; erase, efface. 
s3f* hauq, I hauqa-t, great quan- 
tity. 
( Jf J*0 hauqal, inf. S , be very old, 

impotent from old age ; zigzag in 

walking; pronounce the phrase 

£\ Jj»- ^ Id haul-a, &c. 
J**a> hauqal, S , decrepit. 
(*»$»•) hak, v, inf. hauk, hiydk, 

hiydka-t, weave ; compose poetry ; 

be firmly impressed on the mind. 
dj** hauk, parsley. 
(Jj*-) b&h u > INP - haul, hu'ul, pass 

from one condition to another, 

change, alter, deteriorate; be 

crooked ; deviate ; emigrate ; 



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<*?* 



come upon, come to ; jump on 
horseback ; pass, be passed, 
be over; intervene, separate; 
hinder ; — inf. hu'ul, hiydl, 
hiydla-t, fail to conceive when 
covered ; remain barren ; rut ; 

— hdl, hawil, a, inf. hawal, be 
contorted, squint ; — n. inf. 
tahwil, change, alter (a.) ; trans- 
port, transfer ; give a letter of 
change, &c. ; force by execution 
to payment ; turn the eyes 
from; alight; attempt foolish 
or impossible things ; — in. 
inf. hiwdl, muhdwala-t, wish, 
desire ; visit (God, punish- 
ment) ; (m.) make subterfuges, 
defer payment; act or speak 
ambiguously ; change colour ; 

— iv. inf. ihdla-t, change (a. & 
n.) ; transfer payment, draw a 
bill upon, <fcc. ; utter untruth 
or absurdities ; be a year old, 
have lasted for a year, live 
through the year, <fcc. ; assault 
with a whip ; pour water from 
one's own bucket to another; 

— v. inf. tahawwul, change, 
alter (n.), pass from one state 
or place to another; remove; 
be a double-dealer (m.) ; be 
served with an execution, have 
soldiers billeted in one's 
house ; — viii. inf. ihtiydl, be 
sly, cunning, subtle ; scheme, 
use stratagem, lay traps; be- 
guile; be a year old, <&c. ; inf. 
ihtiwdl, surround; — ix. ihwildl 
(also xi. inf. ihwildl) , squint; 

— x. inf. istihdla-t, change (n.); 
get crooked ; be rugged ; be 
stupid, absurd, or deem to be 
so ; become absurd. 

Jj»- haul, pi. ahwdl, power ; 
strength ; stratagem ; change, 
exchange ; pi. huwul, hu'ul, 
ahwdl, year ; partition ; hauUa, 
all round ; — hawal, squint ; — 
hawil, squinting (adj.); very 
cunning ; — hiwal, squint ; 
change, removal ; transport ; 



prudence ; power ; miracle ; — 
Ml, huwwal, very cautious and 
cunning, wily ; pi. of JIU hd'il, 
severing, <fec. ; — 8 haula-t, power; 
cunning (s.) ; — hula-t, pi. Ml, 
very cunning; calamity; miracle; 
— huwala-t, very cunning. 

Sjft- hauld*, f . of Jj*A ahcal, squint- 
ing. ^ 

($})*- huldn, hawaldn, vicissitude. 

<3*j»- haulaq, inf. 8 , pronounce the 
phrase £\ J^ 2 Id haul-a, Ac. 
(there is no strength nor power 
but in God). 

JJj*. hulal, pi. of Jftft- hd'il, sever- 
ing, separating, &c. 

<Jj** haula, all around, again ; — 
hauliyy, S, pi. hawdliyy, a year 
old ; — huwwaliyy, very cun- 
ning. 

(pf») hdm, u, inf. haum, hawa- 
mdn, fly or run around ; describe 
circles in the air ; — inf. haum, 
hawamdn, hiydm, hu'um, desire, 
long for. 

(*f* hum, pi. of jJj»- hd'im, severing, 
separating, &c. ; — 8 hauma-t, pi. 
haum, bulk and power, depth 
(as of the sea, &c.) ; din of 
battle ; — hdma-t, beryl. 

£)Uj&. haumdn, a plant; — 8 hau- 
mdna-t, pi. hamdn, hawdmin, 
rugged ground ; a plant ; — 
hawamdn, inf. of (fj*-). 

(J*^) haumal, inf. 8, carry 
water, be a water-carrier; (m.) 
pour down abundant rain ; 
throng and throw down every- 
thing (crowd). 

J-**- haumal, dark rain-cloud; 
limpid stream. 

(tSf*) hawa, I, inf. hayy, hawdya-t, 
gather, assemble, accumulate, 
gain ; preserve, guard ; contain 
((^ min) ; occupy ; — v. inf. 
tahawwi, contract (n.), shrink, 
coil itself (snake) ; — viii. inf. 
ihtiwd*, collect, accumulate, pre- 
serve ; contain ; take possession 
of (J* ( ala). 

39 



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(«j£*-) hawi, a, inf. haw-arty be of 
dark green or dark red colour ; 
have nearly black eyes ; — ix. 
inf. ihvriwd, XI. inf. ihwiwd, 
id. ; green, be verdant. 

<^»- hawwa, Eve ; — hawiyy, who 
takes possession of ; small reser- 
voir or cistern ; — 8 hawiyya-t, 
pi. hawdyd, gut, intestine ; fat 
or caul of the intestiaes ; small 
reservoir ; bulk, circumference ; 
thick cloth placed under the 
load of a camel. 

Wy* hutoaijd, want ; desire. 

hf* hawiz, able and active. 

jlf* hawir, hostility ; — also 8 hawt- 
ra-t, answer. 

Jija. havril, anything desired ; in- 
tention ; aim ; change of place, 
transport; security, bail; testi- 
mony ; versatility ; — 8 hawila-t, 
cunning; power. 

(o=*) fayy, a, ( {J 6^) hayi, a, inf. 
hayd\ live, be alive; — hayi, a, 
inf. hayd 1 , be distinct ; turn in 
repentance ; be ashamed ; — n. 
inf. tahiyya-t, bring to life, 
keep alive ; say to a person 
aU\ *fJlsD* hayydha Allah-u, may 
God spare your life ! greet, 
salute ; — in. inf. muhdydt, 
cause to blush ; — iv. inf. ihyd', 
bring to life, keep alive, restore 
to life ; cultivate ; wake all 
night ; — x. inf. istihyd', spare 
one's life ; be ashamed ; blush. 

^ hayy, 8 , pi. ahyd\ alive, living ; 
ashamed, blushing, bashful ; 
large division of a tribe ; class ; 
(m.) neighbours of the same 
tribe ; — distinct, open, good ; 
pudenda of a woman; — hayy, 
inf. of (<jy*) ; — hayy, hiyy, pi. 
of ^ hayd 1 , womb ; — hayya, 
Sub o*" ^ a Vy a haid, here ! come 
here ! — 8 hayya-t, pi. hayydt, 
hayawdt, snake. 

Uo. hay-an, abundant produce of 
a year; rain; pudenda of a 
woman; — hayd\ shame, bash- 
fulness, blush ; bashful avoid- 



ance of a thing ; fear of blame ; 
rich produce ; rain ; pi. ahyd\ 
ahyiya-t, hayy, hiyy, pudenda of 
a woman, womb ; — 8 haydt, 
life, life- time; shame, bashful- 
ness. 

h^ hiydba-t, inf. of (v»^). 

ctA** haydra, pi. of c^W- hairdn. 

8}Cft> hiydza-t, inf. of ()$»■). 

u*W kiydd, pi. of yAjft- hand. 

1»Wd. hiydl, walls, pi. of kft<* hd'if ; 

— 8 hiydfa-t, inf. of 0»j»>) ; en- 
closure ; circumvallation, line of 
fortification. 

tfJW hiydh, weaving (s.) ; — hayydk, 
weaver ; — 8 hiydka-t, profession 
of a weaver. 

Jl** hiydl, 8, inf. of (J^);~ 
hiydl, pi. of J*U hd'il, severing, 
separating. 

^Uftft. hit an, pi. of <*>j»- hut. 

(e^se*) hais (hais-u) ; Ui^- haisumd, 
wherever; c e>* rnin hais, g 
q\ bi-hais an, as far as, be- 
cause, since; q\ tf bi-hais an, 
in a measure as, in a manner 
that, so that ; vft^j c hais-a 
bais-a, dispersed. 

&■** * & haisiyya-t, locality ; ubiquity ; 
universality; personal qualities, 
qualification; reference, regard; 
consideration, dignity, rank. 

(x^) hdd, I, inf. haid, huyud, 
haida-t, hayaddn, mahid, haidii- 
da-t, deviate, remove ; abstract 
from, disregard ; shun ; — in. 
inf. muhdyada-t, avoid, shun ; 

— iv. inf. ihdda-t, avert from; 

— vi. inf. tahdyud, avoid one 
another. 

a^ haid, pi. huyud, ahydd, hiyad, 
side towards the iooker on ; 
projection ; anything strongly 
bent ; — haid, hid, similar. 

2*4*. haidar, 8 haidara-t, lion, so- 
briquet of the Caliph Ali ; — 8 
haidara-t, destruction. 

S^Aga. haiditda-t, inf. of («****). 

gtyua. haizuwdn, ring-dove. 

0*°-) #'' r > A > INF » hoir, haira-t, 
hayar, hayardn, be bewildered, 



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perplexed, stunned ; be gone 
astray ; surge, billow ; — n, 
inf. tahyir, perplex, confuse, 
bewilder ; astonish ; embarrass ; 
— v. inf. tahayyur, be perplexed, 
&c. ; form eddies or whirlpools ; 
be full of water ; — x. inf. 
istihdra-t, be perplexed, embar- 
rassed. 
j**- hair, enclosure, fold ; garden ; 
asylum, place of refuge ; — 2 
haira-i, inf. of (jt^), bewilder- 
ment, embarrassment, Ac. ; — 
hira-t, Hira; du. hiratdn, Hira 
and Kufa. 
\j**» haird\ f. bewildered. 
oV*°" hairdn, f. haira, pi. haydra, 
huydra, stunned, bewildered, 
embarrassed ; — fcirdn, pi. of 
/W hair, place where water 
gathers ; and of fa huwdr, 
camel's foal ; — hayardn, and — 
OJj**- haira, f . of q\j<*» hairdn ; — 

hiriyy, native of Hira. 
(y<fi*) hdz, i, inf. haiz, drive cattle ; 
— v. inf. tahayyuz, coil itself; 
be entirely taken possession of ; 
incline, lean sideways ; be at 
the side of. 
ytp- haiz, hayyiz, pi. ahydz, side ; 
region, district ; courtyard ; — 
hiz, pi. ahydz, trace ; stripe, 
stroke, line. 
Of.)**- haizabun, old and cunning. I 
(w***-) has, i, inf. hais, mix ; I 
twist ; — hayis, a, inf. hayas, \ 
approach. I 

cr**** hais, dish of mashed dates j 
with milk and butter. | 

(u^) had, i, inf. hais, be horror- 
stricken ; frighten ; walk fast, 
hasten ; swell, overflow ; — v. 
inf. tafyayyus, flee; be terri- 
fied. 
(u * 8 *) #«f> h inf. hais, haisa-t, 
huytls, hay as an, mahds, mahis, 
deviate, turn aside, flee, shun, 
u*** <j*s*- hais bais, complicated 

matter; calamity. 
(u 4 **') W*4> I, inf. haid, mahdd, 
mahid, have the menses ; — inf. 



haid, ooze out a blood-like sap 
(tree), 
u^ haid, S, menses; — huyyad, 
pi. of (jtfW hd'id, having the 
menses. 
(^tp- hifdn, walls, pi. of WU 

hd'it. 
&*°» haifa-t, hi\a-t, prudence; — 
hita-t, guard, custody, care, 
attendance ; enclosure ; fold ; 
court-yard; open place; incli- 
nation, inf. of (t>je»). 
( J***0 hai'al, inf. 3 , call * to 

prayer. 
(cAja.) Mf, i, inf. haif, be unjust 

against (J* 'ala), wrong. 
*-**** haif, injustice, violence, op- 
pression ; exclamation of rebuke 
or pity ; — huyyaf, pi. of <JtfW- 
MHf, edge, <&c. ; — I hifa-t, pi. 
hiyaf, side, edge, angle. 
(<3**-) hdq, i, inf. haiq, huyiiq, 
hayaqdn, surround and take 
hold of ; be unavoidable ; pene- 
trate ; — in. inf. muhdyaqa-t, 
envy ; — iv. inf. ihdqa-t, sur- 
round ; bring home a crime or 
artifice to its author. 
Ok*- haiq, consequence of a wicked 
action falling back on the per- 
petrator. 
ie*aa* haiquf, (jjVWajjo. haiqutdn, snipe. 
(«da*.) hdk, i, inf. haik, hayakdn, 
weave ; strut, swagger ; — inf. 
haik, penetrate ; make an im- 
pression ; — ii. inf. tahyik, 
weave ; — iv. inf. ihdka-t, id. ; 
make an impression. 
( J* 6 *) b ( d> h INF » huyul, get changed, 
transformed ; — v. inf. tahayyul, 
vi. inf. tahdyul, use stratagem ; 
beguile. 
J-sa- hail, strength, power, might ; 
pi. huyul, ahydl, stagnating 
water in a ravine ; — a haila-t, 
flock of small cattle ; — hila-t, 
pi. hiyal, hildt, hiyaldt, strata- 
gem ; expedient, device, pre- 
text, subterfuge; invention, art 
(J*^N (J* Him aUhiyal, mecha- 
nics) ; resource. 



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j^ haildz, idler. 

fly^c haUtcla-ty inf. of (J^). 

((£**■) Mw> i» inf. Ain, hainuna-t, 
be the proper time, be oppor- 
tune ; perish ; dry up, wither ; 

— ii. inf. tahyin, in. inf. mt(- 
hdyanat, v. inf. tahayyun, fix a 
time or term ; v. watch one's 
time ; be the proper time ; reach 
one's term, perish, die. 

(£**• hain, calamity, visitation, af- 
fliction ; ruin, perdition, death ; 

— hin, pi. ahydn, pi. pi. ahdyin, 
term, nick of time ; season ; 
epoch ; hin-an, some day, once ; 
ahydn-an, from time to time ; 
li'l-hin, instantaneously, at once ; 

— 5 haina-t, hinat, appointed 
time. 

&y«e. hainuna-t, inf. of ((£**•). 
•&ua- hina'iz-in, at that very time ; 
then. 



Jto»> haihal, kayyahal, a salt- 
plant ; — hayyahal, here ! come 
here! 

%jv\y<p. hayawdt, pi. of ^ hayya-t. 

q\j+*- haiwdn, pi. haiwdndt, ani- 
mal; cattle; beast of burden; 
blockhead ; <jj°\* t haiwdn ndfiq, 
rational being ; — hayawdn, any- 
thing living, life, inf. of Gj**0 ; 
^ haiwdniyy, 8, animal (adj.); 
— h haiwdniyya-t, animality ; 
stupidity. 

j*y*± hayus, frightened. 

Sjaft. hayat^ft**- hay at, life. 

,jjjt>*- hayawiyy, 8, referring to 
life; vital; snake-like; belong- 
ing to the tribe of Hayy. 

^t*. hayty see (<^>) ; — hayiyy, 
bashful, chaste; — 8 huyayya-t y 
small snake ; — ^ haiyiyy, be- 
longing to the tribe Hayy. 



i h, as a numeral sign=600; ab- 
breviation for /*\ aAar, and so 
on, etc.; and for <j~*+± hamis, 
Thursday. 

e^U hdbis, 8 , impure, vile ; — 8 
hdbisa-t, vileness. 

y\± hdbiz, who has bread. 

(j»*\± hdbis, lion. 

!*V^ Aa6#, who strides along ; some- 
body ; JJU\ £ hdbif aLlail, ghost, 
spectre, phantom. 

J*U- hdbil, disastrous ; being pos- 
sessed by demons (s.); devil, 
seducer. 

£*V*- frdbba-t, pi. hawdbb, relation- 
ship, relations, relatives. 

^jU. hub?, 8 , frustrated, without 
success; — 8 frdbVa-t, pi. hawdbi\ 
large jug, jar, cask. 

j»\?U. hdtdm, pi. hawdtim, seal. 

yU. AafaV, impostor, cheat; per- 
fidious. 



f**U- hdtam, end, conclusion ; — 
hdtim, pi. hawdtim, sealing-ring, 
seal ; end ; the last one ; — 8 
hdtima-t, end, conclusion ; epi- 
logue ; — ^5 hdtamiyy, maker of 



0j*U. fydtun, pi. fyawdtin, noble 
lady, matron ; princess ; queen 
(Tart.). 

*a>U. hdtiya-t, eagle. 

jjW Aadir, hidden, veiled ; lion. 

goU Aadt*, pi. hada'a-t, impostor ; 
deceiving, deceitful ; clipped 
(coin). 

fjU. hddim, pi. hudddm, hadam, 
hadama-t, servant, slave, eu- 
nuch; — 8 hddima-t, maid-servant, 
<fcc. ; — h hddimiyya-t, servitude, 
service. 

j$\d- hdzir, who evades justice or a 
creditor. 

JJU. hazily pi. huzzdl, Jiawdzil, who 



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*K 



forsakes his friend, renounces 
his religion ; separated from the 
flock. 

s^*\ idribf pi. hurrah, hurrdba-t, 
thief, robber ; devastator. 

©^ hdrij, 8 , exterior, external ; 
rebel; enemy; — S hdrija-t, last 
word of a page ; cue ; — ^ 
hdrijiyy, S, exterior, external; 
provincial; pi. hawdrij, rebel, 
enemy ; usurper ; apostate ; 
heretic ; upstart. 

ifj^ hdris, pi. hurrds, who esti- 
mates the produce of fruit. 

jjU- hdriq, 8, tearing; piercing 
through ; liar ; pi. hawdriq, any- 
thing extraordinary, unheard of, 
wonderful. 

J>j^- hdziq, piercing, tearing ; 
hitting the mark; head of a 
spear. 

oft* hdzin, pi. hazuna-t, treasurer, 
cashier. 

jWjU hdzinddr, pi. hazinddra-t, 
hdzinddriyya-t, treasurer (Pers.). 

«i>)^ hdzuq, pi. ffawdziq, pole, stake 
(for empaling). 

*JU\i frdsif, pi. husuf, thin, lean ; 
light. 

i^M- Actei', Aasi, remote from men 
(Li). 

j5»U- #a$V, pi. #<w7, pedestnan ; — 
k&i-in—^*- hdsL 

g*U. #«£', 8, pi. fruMa', humble, 
modest ; low ; quiet ; moved, 
touched. 

^jAiU. hd si (\J^ fati-in), timid, 
timorous. 

,j©\a. frdss y 8 , peculiar, particular, 
special ; private ; noteworthy ; 
pure, unmixed, of a fine quality ; 
attached to or attending on a 
prince, &c. ; public (as build- 
ings) ; pi. hawwds, favourite of 
a prince, person of rank (u^fcN 
pUN y aUhdss wa *l-'dm, high and 
low) ; domain, royal revenue ; — 
5 fyfesa-t, peculiar quality, pecu- 
liarity ; essence ; — hdssat-an, in 
particular, particularly. 



S^oU. hdsira-t, pi. hawdsir, hypo- 
chondres. 

**-e^ hdssiya-t, pi. hasdyis, peculi- 
arity ; principle ; particular effi- 
cacy ; power, energy. 

tl*. hdf, tailor. 

s-J»^ hdfib, pi. fiuttdb, hufabd', 
public speaker ; preacher ; — n. 
person in grammar ; who pro- 
mises his child in marriage; 
betrothed. 

J»\± hdfir, pi. hawdfir, mind, soul, 
consciousness ; also 8 , hdfira4, 
thought, idea, notion ; remem- 
brance ; inclination, choice, will ; 

— pi. hutfdr, visitor, guest. 
<-At\a. hdtif, pi. hawd(if, robbing, 

seizing with violence ; wolf ; 
striking, blinding (lightning). 

J^** hafi\ f. 8, pi. hu( at, sinner. 

U**^- hdfid, 8 , pressing down ; who 
humbles, humiliates ; governing 
the oblique case; convenient, 
commodious, comfortable ; — 8 
fyafida-t, woman who circumcises 
girls. 

<jivk. hdfiq, 8 , beating, throbbing, 
having palpitations, trembling; 
glittering; horizon, du. al-frd- 
fiqdn, east and west; pi. aU 
frawdfiq, the four points of the 
compass ; — 8 ftdfiqa-t, setting 
star. 

JJ^ hdfil, fugitive. 

&U. hdfa-t, leathern bag for honey 
or to serve as a table-cloth. 

<J\± hdfi (U>\± hdf-in), pi. hawdfi, 
hidden; — 8 hafiya-t, same pi., 
who does everything in secret ; 
hidden ; pi. demons. 

gVi\*. hdqdn, pi. fyawdqin, Emperor 
of Tartary, emperor, king. 

JU. Ml, pi. ahwdl, afywila-t, hn'ul, 
fiuwwal, hu'ula-t, maternal uncle ; 
cousin; — pi. Man, mole, beauty- 
spot, patch ; supposition ; infatu- 
ation, pride, arrogance ; a cloud 
promising rain ; — frdkin, see J^ 
hall ; — ball, dispersed, routed ; 

— 8 frdla~t, paternal aunt ; pi. of 
Jfta. hd'il, proud. 



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•^ hdlid, 8 , eternal, everlasting ; 
adhering Co the spot. 

ijA\± hdlis, I; pi. hullas, pure, 
unmixed ; sincere ; the best of 
a thing, essence, extract; (m.) 
liberated, free ; — 8 hdlisa-t, 
friendship ; true friend ; su- 
preme court of accounts ; fief, 
feudal tenure. 

<-AJU. frdlif, successor; the last; 
stupid ; bad wine ; — 8 hdlija-t, 
refractory ; pi. hawdlif, tent- 
pole. 

vj*^ hdliq, creator ; worker in 
leather ; — h hdliqiyya-t, creative 
power. 

gjV frdlun, pi. of J^ hdli, mower. 

ij\± frail (J^ hdl-in), 8 , pi. huluw, 
empty ; free, vacant, at leisure ; 
pure, unmixed; alone; single; 
uncultivated, uninhabited; past 
(adj. and s.) ; pi. hdliln, mower. 

p\*» hdm, raw ; stallion ; — hdmm, 
putrid, deteriorated ; — 8 hdma-t, 
unhealthy place. 

*-"\± hdmid, expiring ; dead. 

U~*^ hdmis, fifth. 

^•^ frdmity bitter ; of agreeably 
sourish smell. 

£**^- frdmi'd't, pi. haivdmi', hyena. 

J*^» hdmil, pi. hernial, nameless, 
unrenowned ; weak. 

q\a* hdn, pi. hdndt, inn, align ting- 

Flace ; shop ; prince (Pers.) ; — 
hdna~t, sound ; house ; — inf. 
of (oj*-) ; pi. of (j^i. hd'in. 

y^ frdnir, pi. hunnar, true friend. 

g*^» frdni 1 , pi. hunu 1 , hana l a~t, for- 
nicator ; impious. 

<J}\± fydniq, pi. frawdniq, ag. of 
( <jj^) ; narrow street, lane, moun- 
tain-path. 

jyU- hdnuq, pi. haivdniq, angina, 
croup, diphtheria. 

jla- haw-in, <^^ frdwi, 8, empty, 
hollow ; uncultivated, unin- 
habited, deserted ; — h friwiya-t, 
desert; wilderness. 

JU. frd'ir, weak, cowardly ; soft. 

WU fyd'it, tailor. 

UtfU. hd'if, pi. huwwaf, huyyaf, 



hfyyafy havf, ag. x>f (*-*j*>) ; fugi- 
tive. 

Jft*. hd'il, pi. hawal, good econo- 
mist ; husbandman, keeper, 
herdsman ; servant ; who fancies 
or imagines ; pi. hdla~t, proud. 

fcjft*- hd'in, 8 hd'ina-t, pi. hdna-t, 
hawana-t, huwwdn, betrayer, im- 
postor; perfidious; {$±**\ Qjft*. 
hd'in dizain, lion ; 0**H WU. 
hd'ina-t al-'ain, furtive glance. 

0*-*0 h&bb, for habib, A, inf. hibb, 
be an impostor, cheat ; — inf. 
habb, frabab, habib, amble, trot, 
run ; course along ; — u, inf. 
hdbb, hibdb, be agitated, surge ; 
be long and high ; — n. inf. 
tafrbib, deceive, seduce ; — iv. 
inf. ifcbdb, put to an ambling 
pace ; — vin. inf. ihtibdb, amble ; 
tear off a strip of cloth. 

St**- hob', concealment; anything 
concealed; U~tt t hob' as-samd', 
rain ; jbjfl\ £ hob' aUard, plants ; 

— habb, pi. hub fib, billow, wave ; 
sandhill ; cunning cheat ; — hibb, 
deceit ; treachery ; billowing of 
the sea \—hubb, pi. ahbdb, hubub, 
bark of a tree ; — 8 habba-t, hib- 
ba-t, hubba-t, pi. fyubab, long 
strip. 

0**-) haba\ A, inf. hob', II. tah- 
bi'a-t, conceal, hide (a.) ; — v. 
hide (n.), be concealed ; — vin. 
inf. ihtibd', hide (a. and n.). 

W^ hibd', pi. ahbiya-t, small tent 
of wool or camel-hair; curtain, 
veil; case, box; — pi. ahbVa-t, 
secret brand-mark of a camel; 

— 8 frub'a-t, hidden treasure ; — 
hubaa-t, hiding low. 

v£>Ui. \j> yd habds-i, you wretch ! 
(speaking to a woman). 

#W<<* babdsa4, **>W±- frabdsiyya-t, 
infamy, depravity, vileness. 

;W^- habdr, soft loose ground ; — 
fribdr, pi. of \p± frabrd' ; — 8 
fyabdra-t, knowledge ; informa- 
tion ; — ^$ habdra, pi. of \p* 
habrd'. 

jl*£. habb' i z, pi. habbiiza-t, habbdzun, 



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311 







baker ; — hubbdz, * hubbdza-t, 
and ^ hubdza, hubbdza, mallows ; 

— 5 hibdza-t, baking (s.) ; trade 
of a baker. 

U*W*» habbds, U~**- hubasd, &-W** 
hubdsa-t, plunder, booty. 

tl*i habdf, plunder; — hibdf, pi. 
hubut, brand-mark of cattle; — 
hubdU madness. 

W*» hibd', tent. 

JW*- habdl, ruin ; madness ; fault, 
deformity ; weakness ; deadly 
poison ; purulent matter flowing 
from the damned ; fatigue, toil ; 
family cares ; encumbrances. 

V»W^ habdyd, pi. of fog»* habia-t. 

habab, amble, pace, trot ; 
swiftness. 

><±) habt, pi. hubut, ahbdt, wide 
plain, field ; sandy low-land ; — 
habat, inf. habt, and iv. inf. 
Mat, humble one's self before 
God ; enjoy quiet and peace ; — 
8 habta-t, humility. 

(J**t) habtal, nimble little woman. 

(*£**d.) habus, inf. hobs, habdsa-t, 
habdsiya-t, be rotten, depraved ; 

— inf. hubs, be impure, vile, 
perfidious, impious ; be dis- 
agreeable ; commit fornication 
with (v> hi) ; — iv. inf. ihbds, 
act infamously ; induce to do 
so, seduce, deprave ; — rv. inf. 
tabdhus, show one's self vile, 
perfidious; beguile, cheat, out- 
wit ; — x. inf. istihbds, act infa- 
mously ; find depraved, vile, 
treacherous, malicious. 

e~*^ hubs, fornication ; depravity ; 
foulness ; malice ; deceit ; — 
habas, dross, scoria; rust; — 
hubus, ^s- hubasd, pi. of <^**^ 
habis ; — $ hibsa-t, foulness. 

(e* 5 *) habaj, v, inf. habj, beat, flog ; 
break wind ; lie with. 

(;>***) habjar, having a big flabby 
paunch. 

(s-^^) habhab, inf. $, deceive, 
cheat. 

gj^ habda', frog. 

(-^) habar, u, inf. hubr, hibra-t, 



probe, test, learn to know by 
experience ; — hibr, hubr, hibra-t, 
hubra-t, mahbara-t, mahbura-t, 
know by experience, learn, know ; 
(also iv.) make food fat or 
greasy