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Full text of "Profile (Vol.31,No.3)"

have completed 120 semester hours of credit (or the
equivalent) from a school not listed in the Educa-
tion Directory, but from which credits could be
transferred to a school listed in the directory. They
must also possess a Master of Divinity (or
equivalent theological degree), or have completed
three resident years of graduate-level study in
theology or related subjects that lead to ordination
and ecclesiastical endorsement, which qualify the
applicant to perform professional functions as a
chaplain. The applicant must complete professional
educational work at a graduate school that is a
member of the American Association of Theological
Schools.

A person may apply for appointment as a se-
cond lieutenant/ensign in the Chaplain Candidate
Program if he or she possesses 120 semester hours
from a college or university listed in the Education
Directory-Colleges and Universities and is a full-
time resident student, or has been accepted for the
next entering class at a theological school that
meets the above requirements.

Applicants for the Chaplain Candidate Pro-
gram and all components of the chaplaincy must

receive ecclesiastical approval/endorsement from an
Ecclesiastical Endorsing Agency which Is recogniz-
ed by the Armed Forces Chaplains Board.

The Coast Guard offers direct appointments to
selected lawyers, licensed officers of the Merchant
Marine, Maritime Academy graduates, former
military aviators, former military flight officers,
physicians' assistants, inactive reserve officers, and
civil engineers. Contact the Commandant (G-PMR-1),
U.S. Coast Guard, Washington, D.C. 20593 for
details.

Navy Civil Engineer Corps officers must be
graduates of a college or university accredited by
the Accreditation Board For Engineering and
Technology or an architecture degree program ac-
credited by the National Architectural Accrediting
Board. They have a four-year active duty obligation
upon completion of the Navy's Officer Candidate
School in Newport, R.L

Direct appointments in medical and health
science fields are available in the Army, Navy, and
Air Force. In addition, education programs are
outlined in the following section.

Reserve and National Guard programs

The reserve components are made up of Air
Force, Army, Marine Corps, Navy and Coast Guard
Reserve Units and the National Guard (Air and Ar-
my). "Ready Reserves" describes units or in-
dividuals immediately available for active duty in
a national emergency declared by the president, or
when otherwise provided for by law. Application
can be made to any local selected reserve unit, in-
cluding the Army or Air National Guard. All
reserve programs require enlistees to serve some
time on active duty for training. Normally, most of
this period is spent in basic training and basic
technical schooling, or on-the-job training in a
military occupational specialty. Upon completion of
training, reservists return to the local units for
which they enlisted to serve the terms of their
enlistments.

RESERVE UNIT TRAINING: Reservists
are required to regularly attend training
assemblies in evening or weekend sessions
throughout the year. An annual training period of
12 to 17 days is normally scheduled during sum-
mer months. Active duty for training of Naval
Reservists is scheduled throughout the year.

PAY: National Guard and Reserve pay is bas-
ed on a pay scale according to grade, length of ser-
vice and the number of days allotted for each train-
ing period.

MILITARY OCCUPATIONS: Reserve
enlistees are accepted to fill military job vacancies
in the particular unit they join based on education,
aptitude, civilian experience and personal
preferences. Skill qualification training is provided
during the reservist's initial tour of active duty; at-

tendance at regular service schools or cor-
respondence courses round out training. Military
jobs may parallel civilian occupations, thus helping
progression in civilian employment.

ADVANCEMENT: Reserve branches have
promotion systems separate from those of the
regular services. Reservists compete only with
other reservists of their service or unit for promo-
tion. Outstanding individuals may qualify for ap-
pointments as commissioned officers.

EDUCATION BENEFITS: The reserves offer
educational benefits for non-prior service, prior ser-
vice and active reserve officers and enlisted
personnel.

All participants must hold a high school
diploma or equivalent. Non-prior service personnel
who enlisted for six years after July 1, 1985 are
eligible for Reserve G.I. Bill benefits up to $5,040.
Prior service and Reserve officers and enlisted
must extend their service time by six years during
this period. Participants must complete initial ac-
tive duty for training and complete 180 days in the
Selected Reserve. Reserve personnel cannot already
hold a baccalaureate degree.

Funds are offered for extended, though not
necessarily consecutive, periods up to 36 months.
Full-time students normally receive $140 a month;
three-quarter-time students, $105 a month; and
half-time students, $70 a month.

These benefits may vary slightly with each
service, or according to the participating member's
status. More information is available from local
Veterans Administration offices.

PROFILE, Jan. 1988ce academies.