have completed 120 semester hours of credit (or the equivalent) from a school not listed in the Educa- tion Directory, but from which credits could be transferred to a school listed in the directory. They must also possess a Master of Divinity (or equivalent theological degree), or have completed three resident years of graduate-level study in theology or related subjects that lead to ordination and ecclesiastical endorsement, which qualify the applicant to perform professional functions as a chaplain. The applicant must complete professional educational work at a graduate school that is a member of the American Association of Theological Schools. A person may apply for appointment as a se- cond lieutenant/ensign in the Chaplain Candidate Program if he or she possesses 120 semester hours from a college or university listed in the Education Directory-Colleges and Universities and is a full- time resident student, or has been accepted for the next entering class at a theological school that meets the above requirements. Applicants for the Chaplain Candidate Pro- gram and all components of the chaplaincy must receive ecclesiastical approval/endorsement from an Ecclesiastical Endorsing Agency which Is recogniz- ed by the Armed Forces Chaplains Board. The Coast Guard offers direct appointments to selected lawyers, licensed officers of the Merchant Marine, Maritime Academy graduates, former military aviators, former military flight officers, physicians' assistants, inactive reserve officers, and civil engineers. Contact the Commandant (G-PMR-1), U.S. Coast Guard, Washington, D.C. 20593 for details. Navy Civil Engineer Corps officers must be graduates of a college or university accredited by the Accreditation Board For Engineering and Technology or an architecture degree program ac- credited by the National Architectural Accrediting Board. They have a four-year active duty obligation upon completion of the Navy's Officer Candidate School in Newport, R.L Direct appointments in medical and health science fields are available in the Army, Navy, and Air Force. In addition, education programs are outlined in the following section. Reserve and National Guard programs The reserve components are made up of Air Force, Army, Marine Corps, Navy and Coast Guard Reserve Units and the National Guard (Air and Ar- my). "Ready Reserves" describes units or in- dividuals immediately available for active duty in a national emergency declared by the president, or when otherwise provided for by law. Application can be made to any local selected reserve unit, in- cluding the Army or Air National Guard. All reserve programs require enlistees to serve some time on active duty for training. Normally, most of this period is spent in basic training and basic technical schooling, or on-the-job training in a military occupational specialty. Upon completion of training, reservists return to the local units for which they enlisted to serve the terms of their enlistments. RESERVE UNIT TRAINING: Reservists are required to regularly attend training assemblies in evening or weekend sessions throughout the year. An annual training period of 12 to 17 days is normally scheduled during sum- mer months. Active duty for training of Naval Reservists is scheduled throughout the year. PAY: National Guard and Reserve pay is bas- ed on a pay scale according to grade, length of ser- vice and the number of days allotted for each train- ing period. MILITARY OCCUPATIONS: Reserve enlistees are accepted to fill military job vacancies in the particular unit they join based on education, aptitude, civilian experience and personal preferences. Skill qualification training is provided during the reservist's initial tour of active duty; at- tendance at regular service schools or cor- respondence courses round out training. Military jobs may parallel civilian occupations, thus helping progression in civilian employment. ADVANCEMENT: Reserve branches have promotion systems separate from those of the regular services. Reservists compete only with other reservists of their service or unit for promo- tion. Outstanding individuals may qualify for ap- pointments as commissioned officers. EDUCATION BENEFITS: The reserves offer educational benefits for non-prior service, prior ser- vice and active reserve officers and enlisted personnel. All participants must hold a high school diploma or equivalent. Non-prior service personnel who enlisted for six years after July 1, 1985 are eligible for Reserve G.I. Bill benefits up to $5,040. Prior service and Reserve officers and enlisted must extend their service time by six years during this period. Participants must complete initial ac- tive duty for training and complete 180 days in the Selected Reserve. Reserve personnel cannot already hold a baccalaureate degree. Funds are offered for extended, though not necessarily consecutive, periods up to 36 months. Full-time students normally receive $140 a month; three-quarter-time students, $105 a month; and half-time students, $70 a month. These benefits may vary slightly with each service, or according to the participating member's status. More information is available from local Veterans Administration offices. PROFILE, Jan. 1988ce academies.