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Full text of "عالم المعرفة"



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18 



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M v, , „ ^ l*J^>- JjJj 1985 3_u-u iTjIjli i« Readers Guide to Periodical Literature 

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20 



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28 



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.(Sartorms.1979-1993) 

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(j-a 4 j i ii i ( _ > I3jjij i i j i ii) Lajj it— iLuSVI CjVLv (_ t 3 J^J>J Sj^g-ll 3l_3aJI 4 j i u t 

.(Wulsin, 1996, p.74) jL*l£U iru.'ir&U 

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t <-Cj"i i nl t"i j se I . 4 j .^ i i W\ 0j\ ^Jj la I - ^^ i u— till -U^_i-^JI p_u^Lo^ x_j^_Laj 

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32 



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(_jj| LoLx-l J J '"'_' La (jl JljJ.1 I Jui ( _ T 3 S^jLull Cj^JtaJI ^_)^» ' /- i a <£b UJL»-J 

. ( Ibrahim & Ibrahim, 1993) lilJj (_h£il 
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i^Jj L<a ' o' 0"Sp ' ^^-^L^ ' J d - t-aie lojI ^j^ il La^JI j^" *-^^>- (j-« A_iSLj__j-« I 
.neuroticism 3-ljI <^» « tl 3_c.j_Lll ^LoLa ^ oLvjjJI lr i ^^i^. j^lia scj 
(_, " mi <— 1 1 i ii'SV I 1j J a L>-l_Lo (_|S mi j /j-jI La-aJI pj^_iJI j! i—Sj^^jlII <j-oj 

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L&j-u^j (jSLol \-<& iCjj^UIj 3j 'j- i nJlj ) '^" (^ L&j-u^j (jSLxj criminality 
(Farrag, 1987; Abdel-Khalek &Eysenck,1985) Sjl^HI ^LjV^JIj LuUsj^i ^ 

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^^cLila-VI (jiSJIj shyness ,J^=Jtll <jjjL<JLa lr (ji_ujJLll (j-a lr i CjLvjJ 

. social anxiety 

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^ j L^aie lojI Cji i nil (j_a ^_uSLj (jj)j_uilj r^-ji Jlxj LiS .(jjjLUl (j_a (j-U^LtJl 
4-S-lU (_LLai (a^-3 ' .'b' '"'-Vlj ( _ > l3jJll (j^. (jjS3 La Jjui (_yji (_j^II «Lu I Jl>-^J I J 
(j£. j_lajuJI (_y3 (3^1-LiJ^LI (J^Loij tj^SJni]^ joSL>JI (_y3 ^J\l Vi~, . ,,Vlj t( j . . A * T I > 
(J_4_*JI (- I c ^J 1 ^ J-^'J '^J-^* 1 ^' (j^ **""' ^* ^H^'J i/ojkjLCaij joji^cLvka 



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(j-* J i ■■ -^ * H (_2_iiD^Ju (j-A— > L-AJlj>o (jl (j-^-3-i 2l (j]}l 4_j_)L»_»l ^)-a_Jl_u£i_>. 
(j1_j L&Jljsoj i j mi i 1 1 (j_a (j"\-J.iL*JI (j\j l^*- <-&J^>«-! V JlS Lii i(j-\-<liL*JI_j 
^_3 3jl_<iiJ!j «Ljj^J(JI i_y^\ i^ajjl (_>ii*-i *-o <- r '-t>- (_j-tl W - ^" (j"' '"'+"' (J-lcJljJ.1 
«J_ujl» (j-o J£ 4-ajJs (_£ JJI i axaaj b J ±aj JL3 Ljjijso I ji^J . ij\c JljJ.1 ifjj 1 1 a 

La-LiJe-a LL^J» o>^ f^W 'C^-^y^ (O'Neil & 0'Neil,1974) « J^jU j 
jl j(j')Vl (j-a CjVLv » Jaj -i^j-j A^?- ol • supernormal »lj mil (j-o « L^sljj 

jO-^jLj-^. (jl (_5-i-«J V »l «lUtlj (jJ^Siil, I (j_a «ULxilJ 3l_L>- ( _ t 3 (- I iii.il I ^JJjJIj 

j_a Ju J mi II (j i •■ a ' II , <lj La .'-.VI (jl (_ T JJU V Li£ . I j a j -i c (_y3 dltji£ (_,.& 

(jJ-SjJI l—llj-La-UsVI (_,JI (_£-ij3 4jJ 7l I < 1 1 (jl jl l4j^Sj<ll AjJjJ (_y3 I .J I nil 

i— L-i-i-a ? JJ3 (j-\-C JljJ, I *Vj_& (jl Jj aj (jl i -ilj uaJI (_jJI (-j^ja'i/lj /, malllj 
jo-^jL^-LLiI (_^ Ijj o" i n _i (jl lj c 1 1-~ , ,.l p j ',< tj ic-iLS^SVIj (jlflJu [ft^i^aju 
i/n j itlj-il) I J _■_■ i ■■' (j-"jJj lAgjIj la Jal (j-o j<ii.jJLi «Lujalj 4 jnUll 5j^2jj>JI 

3_o_JjjJI :p|juVI» -.(jljJju /cjS t-jL^^ mjIjJI Ijl^J IjjjIj Jl^oj .(1987 

CjLjLlSJI i—^^-Lco k((_ t j_ljjI j 'I all i "" i_2j^j(J,I /. i ..A '<tl i ,j , Ull Sj^jtxjJI 
. "LiS^-o^/l ^ i italll ' _i ta 1 1 4_l«ju>J I i in^j (jL£ (_gjJlj lal LaaJI £j£, ^Sj^jlU 
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(jl Jlj>o /cj (j-«J .^^jLcl Jj) (33-*-^ d j i ga^-l 1 i^xaajl ta&- (jL^ ti 'j^'^ rt ^'3-* 

4^jL>JI sLuJ^lj 5-ilaJlj 4 jnUll ja^jL>.LlJl <Uajt^a (jj * ' ^*„' i<j^cJljJ,I «Vjjk 
i^SUjlaial I J^ a OJ^ C7-*^' Cjl^pAll (^J ,d-» L^JL LaLxjjl ja^jLlaj>J^iSI ^yS 

.(Arieti, 1976, p.356-358) L«3U-jJ Jal Jz jl .ia^aJI i^j»J 

I) i iu a V M^jjla J-i^i Ls ' "'"'^ iS^J^ Li' J-^3 I Jul I \j~tb (j-o LS^iiijI 
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^ mi-Lll r-^Ltll ^Lxi^. 'I axi •■! I jui Jlilo (j\-i i iLajJIj &\ jlii»ll ^^-l^jJ,! i_JjJ 
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(jjJ! Cj>K mi pit i3_ik:L3 ^H^lj S^JjlIo VjLv liJLui jl ^^ (jiajpj p^LLI 
jl Ijj-fl-La 4_jLSLaj_i jl /a3 . 3_lC I JljI ej la J 2K mi II ^1 jiaj La lil d^-vljj 
^_a cLj_Lcl_3 L&^iil ii_xjJLj/2| eJJt (j\j (j-o (j Sj jj (jl «L>JL*-a «_a jjbillLi 

Hawton and) 2_. ...A;ll 2 -». ,^tl ( jj^ Ut <t>.j_il| ~3 ^j 2 K mi 1,1 ^^i^. (_JiIll 
JikiU Io^j . Kirk, 1991, pp. 406-426; Spieglerand Gueveremont, 1993, p337) 

jl jj I ZK I I *_3JiJ <Uj ajjtll LlulS I jl La jji LLaLal 7-j|j_LsJ,l JIJjjJI Jijlj j<sJ 
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pi Jl_iVI jLj 2_jj_Jl5i!I S^^SLflJ! ^^LJIj mnitl r^L«-!l sUIr jjUo J-2J 

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(jj^-o^Li UjjjiJ (jl£ La .A n^llj 4_b^>JI Cju^SjJ! 

(jr Luj| jxl iii a 2m (J o se t Aj_jJ1 Julj /cJ t cJ^_iI1 

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. 4_JLl JiLiSLl LxmflJ 
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. L$j a^j^L-J,! _Ij_>V|j 

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2-i-jiI i ntlj 3_j____JI ( j_jjL2J,I a! j— i-"m ill J^Li. (jja ii_jLu_VI L^j_ Lxj 2jlii»llj 

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Abbott, Weller&) JU-jJI ^^1 Sjj-^ >j mi" (3^j^>JIj jLajVL£) «_al>JJ 
\j£+* J_lJSJ1 (j-a LuSUj-m iS^L^JI aj^i LLal mi"s"1 Jjj*j» <jl -Walker, 1994) 

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. ( .abtlajl «LuLjj jl iCjL^vjJI Cjj^Ij^ 
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. (Holmes & Rahe,1967) :fre, ,,,'7ia 



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(j-oj . (j^ ii nil (j^j ^iSI «Luuj Sja uaJ j i""i h «LujJLll Cjj^tjJI ( _ T 3 t_jLuiVL9 

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clilji i ntl (^ (jaj i ni La .SLpJI CjIJl»-Ij (jjv^Jjj^-uill jJxaJLl Cj I j i La J iLi^aJ Ll 

< < < r ii i ^^^l 3 j j I ' nil cjI jL>-al (j-o (&^3LiL*-o 4_caji oj^ j-*-*-" ij- *>i : *"^' i 

Akiskal,1987) (j^uJl i .jmt^^Ula-Vl i dlj ^Hj -j' I jj^" 11 ^ ij-s-Llt (_k>>3 
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L^uiJj (jf (jSUj ^pJI 4^>iil aJa}L*JI (_>ujjG ^pil iiiJj ^t-jLi^MJ ^pt^Jlj 
Selye,1956- :jJaJl) 4-^jil 4jL^>V| fjj <Js ^3-JLiiJVI JuljbvVlj JaaJL^JI 

i U j j , >. 1 1 ( j_a S_Lj_«_a f I^JI JUJjtll S^Jjlla CjVjUca <-,U .V. jjia .(1980 

*4ja i h^kjI ^al^-a^ll (j_a ^^"■■■■" p| a l| jjLj * ^J_J3 ' ^'J^ t3Ljj>JI CjljL>.|J 

(jl i^LlLa i(j^-i3 «Lj_iJLjJI '"'I j|) UiViVI ^j" i ii a (_,U^ ,«LujiAiII C)^ Si i"i 1, 1 j 

hypertension » ajj-ll Ja » JaJLi (_, o . uj La jl ^Ij^iiJI *jj| ■ La » i a f LcjjI 

i Uj* ,>>ll JljIjJL) i U qj i t (cl£,j_LLa ^JJ t^ac Cj\ i i i iia 4J (j_aj»a /jola ^laj-a ^-Aj) 

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uaJi iia (JILa t l_Aj_ujtJ » ^aj i u I V a (j-aj-^ ' (1)-* ^Lu^Id <^>-^ -i>^ ' L^J ^la^juj 

c.* LajJI j^Liui «_*£ (j^ dlli c^j&jlqj Laj isLjiJijJLi 3^^L«JI ^jjj (_L«-«JI 
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Genest & Genest, pp. 127-) L&jjJ <LuLUj_<jJI aIjj^I _>jLCj (^1 lS-5Jj i(3jjjui 

.(127 

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. IjiSi-Aj iSjuiil As>-j^ palj-olj 

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.(Gelder, Gath & Mayou, 1983, p.206) jJ^T 

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