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From the Bequest of 

Class of 1882 








Oxford University Press Warehouse 
Amen Corner, E.C. 




FROM A.D. 1150 TO 1580 








" These our Ancient Words here set down, I trust will for this time satisfie 
the Reader." — R. Verstegam, Restitution of Decayed Intelligence, ch. vii (at the end) 

41 Authentic words be given, or none 1" 

Wordsworth, Lines on Macphersori* Ossian 


[All rights reserved] 





(By Professor Skeat.) 

The present work is intended to meet, in some measure, the require- 
ments of those who wish to make some study of Middle-English, and 
who find a difficulty in obtaining such assistance as will enable them to 
find out the meanings and etymologies of the words most essential to 
their purpose. 

The best Middle-English Dictionary, that by Dr. Matzner of Berlin, 
has only reached the end of the letter H; and it is probable that 
it will not be completed for many years. The only Middle-English 
Dictionary that has been carried on to the end of the alphabet is that 
by the late Dr. Stratmann, of Krefeld. This is a valuable work, and is 
indispensable for the more advanced student. However, the present 
work will still supply a deficiency, as it differs from Stratmann's 
Dictionary in many particulars. We have chosen as our Main Words, 
where possible, the most typical of the forms or spellings of the period 
of Chaucer and Piers Plowman ; in Stratmann, on the other hand, the 
form chosen as Main Word is generally the oldest form in which it appears, 
frequently one of the twelfth century. Moreover, with regard to autho- 
rities, we refer in the case of the great majority of our forms to a few, 
cheap, easily accessible works, whereas Stratmann's authorities are mainly 
the numerous and expensive publications of the Early English Text 
Society. Lastly, we have paid special attention to the French element 
in Middle-English, whereas Stratmann is somewhat deficient in respect of 
words of French origin l . The book which has generally been found of 
most assistance to the learner is probably HalliweU's Dictionary of 
Archaic and Provincial Words ; but this is not specially confined to the 
Middle-English period, and the plan of it differs in several respects 
from that of the present work. 

The scope of this volume will be best understood by an explanation of 

1 A new and thoroughly revised edition of Stratmann' s Dictionary is being prepared 
by Mr. Henry Bradley, for the Delegates of the Clarendon Press. 


the circumstances that gave rise to it. Some useful and comparatively 
inexpensive volumes illustrative of the Middle-English period have been 
issued by the Clarendon Press; all of which are furnished with glossaries, 
explaining all the important words, with exact references to the passages 
wherein the words occur. In particular, the three useful hand-books 
containing Specimens of English (from 1150 down to 1580) together 
supply no less than sixty-seven characteristic extracts from the most 
important literary monuments of this period ; and the three glossaries to 
these books together fill more than 370 pages of closely-printed type in 
double columns. The idea suggested itself that it would be highly 
desirable to bring the very useful information thus already collected 
under one alphabet, and this has now been effected. At the same time, a 
reference has in every case been carefully given to the particular Glossarial 
Index which registers each form here cited, so that it is perfectly easy 
for any one who consults our book to refer, not merely to the particular 
Index thus noted, but to the references given in that Index; and so, 
by means of such references, to find every passage referred to, with its 
proper context. Moreover the student only requires, for this purpose, a 
small array of the text-books in the Clarendon Press Series, instead of a 
more or less complete set of editions of Middle-English texts, the pos- 
session of which necessitates a considerable outlay of money. By this 
plan, so great a compression of information has been achieved, that a 
large number of the articles give a summary such as can be readily 
expanded to a considerable length, by the exercise of a very little 
trouble; and thus the work is practically as full of material as if it had 
been three or four times its present size. A couple of examples will 
shew what this really means. 

At p. 26 is the following entry: — 

'Bi-heste, sb. promise, S, S2, C2, P; byheste, S2; beheste, S2; 
byhest, S2 ; bihese, S ; biheest, W ; bihese, pi., S.— AS. be-hds! 

By referring to the respective indexes here cited, such as S (= Glossary 
to Specimens of English, Part I) and the like, we easily expand this 
article into the following: — 

'Bi-heste, sb. promise, S (9. 19); S2 (1 a. 184); C2 (B 37, 41, 42, 
F 698); P (3. 126); byheste, S2 (18 b. 25); beheste, S2 (14 a. 3); 
byhest, S2 (12. 57, 18 b. 9, [where it may also be explained by grant]); 
bihese, S (where it is used as a plural) ; biheest, W (promise, com- 
mand, Lk. xxiv. 49, Rom. iv. 13; pi. bineestis, Heb. xi. 13); bihese, S 
(pi. behests, promises, 4 d. 55). — AS. bends/ 

In order to exhibit the full meaning of this— which requires no further 


explanation to those who have in hand the books denoted by S, S2, &c. — 
it would be necessary to print the article at considerable length, as 
follows : — 

' Biheste, .r£. promise; "dusi biheste? a foolish promise, (extract from) 
Ancren Riwle, 1. 19; "and wel lute wule hulde pe biheste J>at he nom," 
(extract from) Robert of Gloucester, 1. 184; "holdeth your biheste? 
Chaucer, Introd. to Man of Law's Prologue, 1. 37 ; " biheste is dette," 
same, I.41; "al my biheste? same,l. 42; "or breken his biheste? Chaucer, 
sequel to Squieres Tale, 1. 698 ; " )>orw fals biheste? Piers Plowman, 
Text B, Pass, iii, 1. 126 ; " to vol-vulle (fulfil) J>at byheste? Trevisa (extract 
from), lib. vi. cap. 29, 1. 25; "the lond of promyssioun, or of beheste? 
Prol. to Mandeville's Travels, 1. 3 ; " wi)> fair by-hest? William and the 
Werwolf, 1. 57; ")>e byhest (promise, or grant) of oj?ere menne kyngdom," 
Trevisa, lib. vi. cap. 29, 1. 9; "y Schal sende the bihust of my fadir in- to 
30U," Wyclif, Luke xxiv. 49 ; " not bi the lawe is biheest to Abraham," 
Wycl. Rom. iv. 13 ; " whanne the biheestis weren not takun," Wycl. Heb. 
xi. 13 ; " longenge to godes bihese? Old Eng. Homilies, Dominica iv. post 
Pascha, 1. 55/ 

We thus obtain fifteen excellent examples of the use of this word, with 
the full context and an exact reference (easily verified) in every case. 
And, in the above instance, all the quotations lie within the compass of 
the eleven texts in the Clarendon Press Series denoted, respectively, by 
S, S2, S3, C, C2, C 3 , W, W2, P, H, and G. 

The original design was to make use of these text-books only ; but it 
was so easy to extend it by including examples to be obtained from other 
Glossaries and Dictionaries, that a considerable selection of interesting 
words was added from these, mainly for the sake of illustrating the 
words in the Clarendon text-books. These illustrative words can be 
fully or partially verified by those who happen to possess all or some of 
the works cited, or they can safely be taken on trust, as really occurring 
there, any mistake being due to such authority. 

A second example will make this clearer. ' Brant, adj. steep, high, 
MD, HD ; brent, JD ; brentest, superl. S2. — AS. brant (bront) ; cp. 
Swed. brant, Icel. brattr. 9 

Omitting the etymology, the above information is given in two short 
lines. Those who possess the ' Specimens of English ' will easily find 
the example of the superl. brentest. By consulting Matzner's, Halliwell's, 
and Jamieson's Dictionaries, further information can be obtained, and 
the full article will appear as follows : — 

' Brant, adj. steep, high, MD [brant, brent, adj. ags. brand, arduus, 

viii PREFACE. 

altus, altn. brattr, altschw. branter, schw. brant, bratt, dan. brat, sch. brent, 
nordengl. DizM. brant : cf. "brant, steepe," Manipulus Vocabulorum, p. 25 : 
steil, hoch. — " Apon the bald Bucifelon brant up he sittes," King Alex- 
ander, ed. Stevenson, p. 124 ; " Thir mountaynes ware als brant uprise 
as thay had bene walles," MS. quoted in HalliwelTs Diet., p. 206; " Hy^e 
bonkkes & brent" Gawain and the Grene Knight, 1. 2165; "Bowed to 
]>e hys bonk j>er brentest hit wern," Alliterative Poems, ed. Morris, Poem B, 
1. 379]; HD [brant, steep, North: "Brant against Flodden Hill/' ex- 
plained by Nares from Ascham, "up the steep side;" cf. Brit. Bibl. i. 
132, same as brandlyl — "And thane thay com tille wonder heghe 
mountaynes, and it semed as the toppes had towched the firmament; 
and thir mountaynes were als brant uprijte as thay had bene walles, so 
that ther was na clymbyng upon thame," Life of Alexander, MS. Lincoln, 
fol. 38] ; JD [brent, adj. high, straight, upright ; " My bak, that sumtyme 
brent hes bene, Now cruikis lyk ane camok tre," Maitland Poems, p. 193 ; 
followed by a discussion extending to more than 160 lines of small print, 
which we forbear to quote]; brentest, superL S2. 13. 379 ["And bowed 
to ]>e hy^ bonk f>er brentest hit were (MS. wern)," Allit. Poems, 1. 379 ; 
already cited in Matzner, above].' 

The work, in fact, contains a very large collection of words, in many 
variant forms, appearing in English literature and in Glossaries between 
a.d. 1 1 50 and a.d. 1580. The glossaries in S2, S3 (Specimens of Eng- 
lish, 1 298-1 393, and 1 394-1 579) have furnished a considerable number 
of words belonging to the Scottish dialect, which most dictionaries 
(excepting of course that of Jamieson) omit. 

The words are so arranged that even the beginner will, in general, 
easily find what he wants. We have included in one article, together 
with the Main Word, all the variant spellings of the glossaries, as well as 
the etymological information. We have also given in alphabetical order 
numerous cross-references to facilitate the finding of most of the variant 
forms, and to connect them with the Main Word. In this way, the 
arrangement is at once etymological and alphabetical — adapted to the 
needs of the student of the language and of the student of the literature. 

The meanings of the words are given in modern English, directly after 
the Main Word. The variant forms, as given in their alphabetical position, 
are frequently also explained, thus saving (in such cases) the trouble of a 
cross-reference, if the meaning of the word is alone required. 

An attempt is made in most cases to give the etymology, so far at 
least as to shew the immediate source of the Middle-English word. 
Especial pains have been taken with the words of French origin, which 


form so large a portion of the vocabulary of the Middle-English period. 
In many cases the AF (Anglo-French) forms are cited, from my list of 
English Words found in Anglo-French, as published for the Philological 
Society in 1882. 

The student of English who wishes to trace back the history of a word 
still in use can, in general, find the Middle-English form in Skeat's 
Etymological Dictionary, and will then be able to consult the present 
work in order to obtain further instances of its early use. 

The relative share of the authors in the preparation of this work is 
easily explained. The whole of it in its present form (with the exception 
of the letter N) was compiled, prepared, and written out for press by 
Mr. Mayhew. The original plan was, however, my own ; and I began 
by writing out the letter N (since augmented) by way of experiment and 
model. It will thus be seen that Mr. Mayhew's share of the work has 
been incomparably the larger, involving all that is most laborious. On 
the other hand, I may claim that much of the labour was mine also, at a 
much earlier stage, as having originally compiled or revised the glossaries 
marked S2, S3, C2, C3, W, W2, P, and G, as well as the very full 
glossarial indexes cited as B, PP, and WA, and the dictionary cited as 
SkD. The important glossary marked S was, however, originally the 
work of Dr. Morris (since re-written by Mr. Mayhew), and may, in a ' 
sense, be said to be the back-bone of the whole, from its supplying a 
very large number of the most curious and important early forms. 

The material used has been carefully revised by both authors, so that 
they must be held to be jointly responsible for the final form in which 
the whole is now offered to the public. 

Note on the Phonology of Middle-English. 

One great difficulty in finding a Middle-English word in this, or any 
other, Dictionary is due to the frequent variation of the symbols denoting 
the vowel-sounds. Throughout the whole of the period to which the 
work relates the symbols *' andj/, in particular, are constantly interchanged, 
whether they stand alone, or form parts of diphthongs. Consequently, 
words which are spelt with one of these symbols in a given text must 
frequently be looked for as if spelt with the other; i.e. the pairs of symbols 
i and y, at and ay, ei and ey, oi and oy, ui and uy, must be looked upon 
as likely to be used indifferently, one for the other. For further informa- 
tion, the student should consult the remarks upon Phonology in the 
Specimens of English (11 50 to 1300), 2nd ed., p. xxv. For those who 


have not time or opportunity to do this, a few brief notes may perhaps 

The following symbols are frequently confused, or are employed as 
equivalent to each other because they result from the same sound in the 
Oldest English or in Anglo-French : — 
hy\—*h <*?'—"> W'—oh oy\—ui, uy. 

a, o ; — a, ce, e, ea ; — e> eo t ie ; — o, u, ou ; — (all originally short). 
a, <z, ea> e, ee\ — e, ee, eo, ie ; — o, oo, oa; — u, ou, ui; — (all long). 
These are the most usual interchanges of symbols, and will commonly 
suffice for practical purposes, in cases where the cross-references fail. 
^ If the word be not f ound after such substitutions have been allowed for, 
rafe it may be taken for granted that the Dictionary does not contain it. As 
^tK^m a fe^ the Dictionary only contains a considerable number of such words 
u ^ as are most common, or (for some special reason) deserve notice ; and 
y \ x it is at once conceded that it is but a small hand-book, which does not 
r >uW ; pretend to exhibit in all its fulness the extraordinarily copious vocabu- 
vmcd lary of our language at an important period of its history. The student 
wishing for complete information will find (in course of time) that the 
New English Dictionary which is being brought out by the Clarendon 
Press will contain all words found in our literature since the year noo. 

Of course variations in the vowel-sounds are also introduced, in the 
case of strong verbs, by the usual ' gradation ' due to their method of 
conjugation. To meet this difficulty in some measure, numerous (but 
not exhaustive) cross-references have been introduced, as when, e.g. 
' Bar, bare ' is given, with a cross-reference to Beren. Further help in 
this respect is to be had from the table of 183 strong verbs given at 
pp. lxix-lxxxi of the Preface to Part I of the Specimens of English 
(2nd edition) ; see, in particular, the alphabetical index to the same, at 
pp. lxxxi, lxxxii. The same Preface further contains some account of 
the three principal Middle-English dialects (p. xl), and Outlines of the 
Grammar (p. xlv). It also explains the meaning of the symbols )>, S 
(both used for /ti), 3 (used forj/ initially, gh medially, and^ or z finally), 
with other necessary information. 


The Clarendon Pbess Glossaries. 

This work gives all the words and every form contained in the 
glossaries to eleven publications in the Clarendon Press Series, as 
below: — 

S. — Specimens of Early English, ed. Morris, Part I : from a.d. 1150 
to a.d. 1300. 

This book contains extracts from: — 1. Old English Homilies, ed. Morris, 
E. E. T. S. 1867-8, pp. 230-241 ; 2. The Saxon Chronicle, a.d. 1137, 11 38, 1 140, 
1 1 54; 3. Old Eng. Homilies, ed. Morris, First Series, pp. 40-53 ; 4. The same, 
Second Series, pp. 89-109 ; 5. The Ormulum, ed. White, 11. 962-1719, pp. 31- 
57 ; 6. Layamon's Brut,ed. Madden, 11. 1 3785-1 4387 [add itf^ to the number of 
the line in the reference} ; 7. Sawles Warde, from Old Eng. Homilies, ed. Morris, 
First Series, pp. 245-249, 259-267 ; 8. St. Juliana, ed. Cockayne and Brock ; 
9. The Ancren Riwle, ed. Morton, pp. 208-216, 416-430 ; 10. The Wooing of 
our Lord, from Old Eng. Homilies, ed. Morris, First Series, pp. 277-283; 11. A 
Good Orison of our Lady, from the same, pp. 191-199 ; 12. A Bestiary, the Lion, 
Eagle, and Ant, from An Old Eng. Miscellany, ed. Morris ; 13. Old Kentish 
Sermons, from the same, pp. 26-36 ; 14. Proverbs of Alfred, from the same, pp. 
102-130; 15. Version of Genesis and Exodus, ed. Morris, 11. 1907-2536 ; 16. Owl 
and Nightingale, from An Old Eng. Miscellany, ed. Morris, 11. 1-94, 139-232, 
253-282, 303-352, 39 x -446, 549-555, 59 8 - 6a 3, 659-750, 837-855, 905-920, 
1635-1682, 1699-1794 ; 17. A Moral Ode (two copies), from An Old Eng. Mis- 
cellany and Old Eng. Homilies, 2nd Series, ed. Morris ; 18. Havelok the Dane, 
ed. Skeat, 11. 339-748 ; 19. King Horn (in full). 

S2. — Specimens of English, Part II, ed. Morris and Skeat ; from 
a.d. 1298-1393. 

This book contains extracts from : — 1 . Robert of Gloucester's Chronicle (William 
the Conqueror and St. Dunstan) ; 2. Metrical Psalter, Psalms 8, 14 (15), 17(18), 
23 (24), 102 (103), 103 (104) ; 3. The Proverbs of Hendyng; 4. Specimens of 
Lyric Poetry, ed. Wright (Alysoun, Plea for Pity, Parable of the Labourers, 
Spring-time) ; 5. Robert Mannyng's Handlynge Synne, 11. 5575-5946 ; 6. William 
of Shoreham, De Baptismo; 7. Cursor Mundi, ed. Morris, 11. 11373-11791 {add 
1 1 37 2 to the number in the reference]; 8. Eng. Metrical Homilies, ed. Small 
(Second Sunday in Advent, Third Sunday after the Octave of Epiphany) ; 9. The 
Ayenbite of Inwyt, ed. Morris, pp. 263-9, an< ^ P- 2 ^ 2 > 10 - Hampole's Prick of 
Conscience, 11. 432-9, 464-509, 528-555, 662-707, 728-829, 1211-1292, 1412- 
1473, 1818-29, 1836-51, 1884-1929, 2216-2233, 2300-11, 2334-55, 2364-73, 
7813-24 ; 11. Minot's Songs, Nos. 3, 4, 7 ; 12. William of Palerne, ed. Skeat, 
11* 3-381 ; 13. Alliterative Poems, ed. Morris, Poem B, 11. 235-544, 947-972, 
1009-1051 ; 14. Mandeville's Travels, Prologue, part of Chap. 12, and Chap. 
26 ; 15. Piers the Plowman, A-text, Prologue, Passus 1, part of Pass. 2, Pass. 3, 
Pass. 5, parts of Pass. 6 and 7 ; 16. Barbour's Bruce, ed. Skeat, Book VII. 11. 1- 
230, 400-487 ; 17. Wyclif 's translation of St. Mark's Gospel, Chapters 1-6 ; 


Hereford's version of the Psalms, Ps. 14(15), 23 (24), 102 (103) ; 18. Trevisa's 
translation of Higden's Polychronicon, lib. i. c. 41, c. 59, lib. vi. c. 29; 
19. Chaucer, Man of Law's Tale ; 20. Gower's Confessio Amantis, part of 
Book V. 

S3.— Specimens of English, Part III, ed. Skeat; from a. d. 1394-1579. 

This book contains extracts from : — J.. Pierce the Ploughman's Crede, 11. 153- 
267, 339-565, 744-765, 785-823 ; 2. Hoccleve's De Regimine Principum, stanzas 
281-301, 598-628; 3. Lydgate, London Lickpenny, and the Storie of Thebes, 
bk. ii. 11. 1064-1419 ; 4. James I (of Scotland), the King's Quair, stanzas 152- 
173 ; 5. Pecock's Repressor, pt. i. c. 19 ; pt. ii. c. n ; 6. Blind Harry's Wallace, 
bk. i. 11. 181-448 ; 7. Chevy Chase (earlier version) ; 8. Malory's Morte Darthur, 
bk. xxi. c. 3-7 ; 9. Caxton's History of Troy ; 10. The Nut-brown Maid ; 

11. Dunbar, Thistle and Rose, and Poem on being desired to be a Friar; 

12. Hawes, Pastime of Pleasure, c. 33 ; 13. G. Douglas, Prol. to iEneid, book xii ; 
14. Skelton, Why Come Ye Nat to Courte, 11. 287-382, 396-756 ; Philip Sparrow, 
11. 998-1260; 15. Lord Berners, tr. of Froissart, c. 50, c. 130; 16. Tyndale, 
Obedience of a Christian Man ; 17. More, Dialogue Concerning Heresies, bk. iii. 
c. 14-16 ; Confutation of Tyndale, bk. iii ; 18. Sir T. Elyot, The Governor, bk. i. 
c. 17, 18 ; 19. Lord Surrey, tr. of iEneid, bk. ii. 11. 253-382, 570-736, and minor 
poems ; 20. Sir T. Wiat, Three Satires, and minor poems ; 21. Latimer, Sermon 
on the Ploughers; 22. Sir D. Lyndesay, The Monarchy, bk. iii. 11. 4499-4612, 
4663-94, 4709-38 ; bk. iv. 11. 5450-5639 ; 23. N. Udall, Ralph Roister Doister, 
Act iii. sc. 3-5 ; 24. Lord Buckhurst, The Induction ; 25. Ascham, The School- 
master, bk. i; 26. Gascoigne, The Steel Glas, 11. 418-470, 628-638, 750-893, 
1010-1179; 27. Lyly, Euphues and his Ephcebus; 28. Spenser, Shepherd's 
Calendar, November, December. 

The remaining eight publications in the Clarendon Press Series which 
have also been indexed are those marked C, C2, C3, W, W2, P, H, and 
G; i.e. three books containing extracts from Chaucer, two books con- 
taining parts of Wyclifs Bible, part of Piers Plowman, Hampole's Psalter, 
and Gamelyn ; the full titles of which are given below. 

We also give all the important words occurring in CM (Chaucer, ed. 
Morris) ; and in addition to this, and for the purpose of illustration, forms 
are given from various texts and Dictionaries, and from the Glossaries to 
B (Bruce), PP (Piers Plowman), and WA (Wars of Alexander). 

Walter W. Skeat. 




Note. — The abbreviations referring to the authorities for the forms of English 
words (ad. i i 50-1 580) are printed in italics. (CP= Clarendon Press.) 


1. Alph.\ Alphita, a Medico-Botanical 

Glossary, ed. Mowat, 1887. CP. 

2. Anglo-Saxon Gospels, in AS. and North- 

umbrian Versions, ed. Skeat. 

3. Apfelstedt : Lothringischer Psalter (des 

XIV Jahrhunderts), 1881. 

4. B\ Barbour's Bruce, ed. Skeat, 1870, 

EETS. (Extra Series xi). 

5. Bardsley : English Surnames, 1875. 

6. Bartsch: Chrestomathie de l'ancien 

francais (glossaire), 1880. 
6*. BH : Bartsch and Horning, Langue 
et Literature francaises, 1887. 

7. Bosworth: Anglo-Saxon Dictionary, 


8. Brachet: French Diet., 1883. CP. 

9. Brugmann : Grundriss, 1886. 
BT. : Bosworth-Toller AS. Diet. [A- 

SAR]. CP. 

11. C: Chaucer; Prol., Knight's Tale, 

Nun's Priest's Tale. CP. 

12. C2 : Chaucer; Prioress, Sir Thopas, 

Monk, Clerk, Squire. CP. 
C3 : Chaucer ; Man of Law, Pardoner, 

Second Nun, Canon's Yeoman. CP. 
Cath, : Catholicon Anglicum (a.d. 

1483), ed. Herrtage, 1881. EETS 

Chron.: Two Saxon Chronicles, ed. 

Earle, 1865. CP. 
CM 1 Chancered. Morris, 1880. 
Constans: Chrestomathie de l'ancien 

francais (glossaire), 1884. 
Cotg. : Cotgrave, French and English 

Diet, 1 61 1. 
19. Curtius: Greek Etymology, ed. Wilkins 

and England, 1886. 



20. CV: Icelandic Dictionary, Cleasby and 

Vigfusson, 1874. CP. 

21. DG: Davies, Supplementary English 

Glossary, 1881. 

22. Diez: Etymologisches Worterbuch, 


23. Douse : Introduction to the Gothic of 

Uffilas, 1886. 

24. Ducange: Glossarium, ed. Henschel, 

24*. Ducange: Glossaire Francais, ed. 

25. EDS: English Dialect Society. 

26. EETS 1 Early English Text Society. 

27. Fick: Worterbuch der indogermanis- 

chen Sprachen, 1874. 

28. Florio : Italian and English Diet, 161 1. 

29. G: Tale of Gamelyn, ed. Skeat, 1884. 


30. Godefroy: Dictionnaire de l'ancienne 

langue francaise [A-LIS]. 

31. Grein: Glossar der angelsachsischen 


32. Grimm: Teutonic Mythology, ed. Stal- 

lybrass, 1883. 

33. H\ Hampole, Psalter, ed. Bramley, 

1884. CP. 
34- HD : Halliwell, Diet of Archaic and 
Provincial Words, 1874. 

35. Heliand, ed. Heyne, 1873. 

36. JD: Jamieson, Scottish Dictionary, 


37. Kluge : etymologisches Worterbuch der 

deutschen Sprache, 1883. 

38. Leo: angelsachsisches Glossar, 1877. 

39. Manip. : Manipulus Vocabulorum, Le- 

vins, ed. Wheatley, EETS, 1867. 







MD : Matzner, altenglisches Worter- 

buch [A-H], 1885. 
Minsheu : Spanish and English Diet., 

ND: Nares, Glossary, 1876. 
NED : New English Dictionary, ed. 

Murray [A-BOZ]. CP. 
44. NQ : Notes and Queries. 

OET : Oldest English Texts, ed. Sweet, 

1885, EETS(8 3 ). 
*. ONE : Oliphant, The New English, 


46. Otfrid : Evangelienbuch, glossar, ed. 

Piper, 1884. 

47. P: Piers the Plowman (B-text), ed. 

Skeat. CP. 

48. Palsg-. Palsgrave, Lesclaircissement de 

langue francoyse, ed. 1852. 

49. PP: Piers the Plowman, glossary by 

Skeat, 1885, EETS (81). 

50. PP. Notes : by Skeat, 1877, EETS (67). 

51. Prompt. : Promptorium Parvulorum, ed. 

Way, Camden Soc, 1865. 
Ps. : (after French forms), see Apfelstedt. 
RD\ Richardson's English Dictionary, 

Roland : Chanson de Roland, ed. Gau- 

tier, 1881. 
S: Specimens of Early English, Part I, 

ed. Morris, 1885. CP. 
56. S2 : Specimens of Early English, Part 

II, ed. Morris and Skeat, 1873. CP. 
S$ : Specimens of English Literature, 

ed. Skeat, 1879. CP. 
SB : Sinonoma Bartholomei, 14th Cent. 

Glossary, ed. Mowat, 1882. CP. 
Schmid : Gesetze der Angelsachsen 

(glossar), 1858. 
SD: Stratmann, Diet, of the Old Eng- 
lish Language, 1878. 







61. Sh. : Shakespeare Lexicon, bv Schmidt, 


62. Sievers : Grammar of Old English, ed. 

A.S. Cook, 1885. 

63. SkD: Skeat, Etymological Diet, of 

Eng. Lang., 1884. CP. 

64. Skeat, English Words in Norman- 

French, 1882, Phil. Soc. 

65. Skeat, Moeso-gothic Glossary, 1868. 

66. SPD : Smythe Palmer, Dictionary of 

Folk-Etymology, 1882. 

67. Spenser: Faery Queene, glossaries to 

Books I and II, 1887. CP. 

68. Sweet: AS. Reader, 1884. CP. 

69. Tatian: Evangelienbuch, ed. Sievers, 


70. TG: Trench, Select Glossary, 1879. 

71. Trevisax version of Higden, Rolls* 

Series (41). 

72. Voc. : Wright's Vocabularies, ed. 

Wiilcker, 1884. 

73. VP : Vespasian Psalter, as printed in 

OET., see 45. 

74. Vulg. : the Vulgate Version of the 


75. W\ Wycline, New Testament (Pur- 

vey's revision), ed. Skeat, 1879. CP. 

76. W2 : WyclifTe, Job, Psalms, &c. (re- 

vised by Hereford and Purvey), ed. 
Skeat, 1881. CP. 

77. WA : Wars of Alexander, ed. Skeat, 

1887, EETS (Extra Series xlvii). 

78. Weigand : deutsches Worterbuch, 


79. Windisch: Glossary added to Old 

Irish Texts, 1882. 

80. WWx Wright, The Bible Word-Book, 


81. ZRP : Zeitschrift fur romanische Philo- 

logie, ed. Grbber. 




AF : Anglo-French, see 64. 

AS : Anglo-Saxon, see 10, 31, 45, 62. 

Church Lat. : Ecclesiastical Latin, see 24, 

Goth. : Gothic, see 23, 65. 
Gr. : Greek, see 9, 19, 27. 
Icel. : Icelandic, see 20. 
It : Italian, see 28. 
Lat. : Latin. 
Late Lat. : Post-classical Latin, of Latin 

origin, see 24, 72, 74. 
Low Lat : Latin derived from the later 

European languages, see 1, 14, 24, 

5i, 5& 

ME. : Middle English. 

North.E : Northern English, see 4, 36. 

OF. : Old French, see 3, 6, 17, 18, 12, 24, 

30, 48, 54. 
OHG. : Old High German, see 37, 46, 69, 

Olr. : Old Irish, see 19, 79. 
OMerc. : Old Mercian, see a (Rushworth 

version), 45, 73. 
ONorth. : Old Northumbrian, see 2. 
OS. : Old Saxon, see 35. 
OTeut. : Old Teutonic (as restored by 

scholars), see 27, 43. 
Sp. : Spanish, see 41. 


In the etymological part three stops are used as symbols in connexion with the cog- 
nate forms cited, namely the comma, the semi-colon, and the colon. The comma is 
used to connect various spellings of a word, as well as parallel forms cited from nearly 
connected languages ; for instance, s. v. daunffer, the OF. forms are so connected. The 
semi-colon between two forms denotes that the two forms are phonetically equivalent, 
and that the preceding one is directly derived from, and is historically connected with 
the one following this symbol ; for instance, s. v. Iraffle, the OF. bugle is the phonetic 
equivalent of the Lat. buculum, arid is immediately derived therefrom. The colon be- 
tween two forms denotes that the two forms are phonetically equivalent, and that the 
form following this symbol is an earlier, more primitive form than the one preceding, 
without an immediate interborrowing between the languages being asserted ; for in- 
stance, s. v. demon, the Goth. dSmjan is an older form than the AS. deman, but 
dttnan is not borrowed from the Gothic. The abbreviation ' cp.' introduces other 
cognate forms, and has the same value as the symbol + in Skeat's Dictionaries. 

The asterisk * at the beginning of a word denotes a theoretical form, assumed (upon 
scientific principles) to have formerly existed. The sign— is to be read 'a translation 
of.' '(«) ' after Prompt., Cath. and other authorities refers to foot-notes or other notes 
citing the form in question. 


A- f prefix (i), adding intensity to the no- 
tion of the verb. — AS. d for ar-, OHG ar-, 
Goth, us- For the quantity of the d see 
Sievers, 121. Cf. Or. 

A-, prefix (2), standing for A, prep., and 
for Icel. d ; see On- (1). 

A-, prefix (3), standing for Of, prep. ; see 

A-, prefix (4), standing for AS. and-, a- 
gainst, in return, toward. — AS. and-, ond-, 
on- (proclitic). Cf. On- (2.) 

A-, prefix (5), standing for At, prep., and 
Icel. at, used with the infin. See At- 


A-, prefix (6), standing for AS. ge- ; see 

A- f prefix (7), standing for OF. a- and 
Lat. ad-. 

A-, prefix (8), standing for OF. a* and 
Lat. ab-. 

A-, prefix (9), standing for AF. a, OF. e-, 
es- from Lat. ex-, e-. 

A- f prefix (10), standing for AP. <*#-, OF. 
en- from Lat. «*-. See In-. 

A- f prefix (11), standing for Gr. d- priva- 

A, inter;'. O ! Ah ! expressing surprise, 
pain, S, MD. 

h^prep. on, in, PP, S, S2,C2j see On, 

Arbac, adv. backwards, S, W2; abeo, 
S; abak, C2, W; obak, S2.— AS. on-bcec. 
(A- 2.) 

Abasshen, v. to abash, S3; abasahed, 
pp. abashed, ashamed, alarmed, C3, PP; 
abashed, S2 ; abasanid, S3 ; abaached, 
PP; abaimned, PP ; abalaohld, W; a- 
baischt, S2; abaiaaed, PP; abaist, S3; 
abayste, S2, C2.— OF. esbahiss- stem of 
pr. p. of esbakir, to astonish ; Lat. ex + 
*badire for badare, to open the mouth. 
(A. 9.) 

Abate, v. to beat down, bring down, cakn 


down, P, NED.— AF. abatre (pr. p. abat- 

ant) ; Late Lat. *adbatere. (A- 7.) 

Abaue, v. to put to confusion, to be con- 
founded, NED, HD, TD ; abawed,^. HD ; 

abaned, HD. — OF. *abavir : esbahir (with 

v in place, of lost h, see Brachet, s.v. glaive). 

(A- 9). See Abasanen. 

Abaye, sb. barking ; phr. at be abaie, 

at abaye, at bay, S2. — OF. abai, barking, 
from abaier ; cp. F. aboi in phr. : Hre aux 

Abbay, sb. abbey, C2 ; abbels, pi., S2.— 
AF. abbeie (abeie) ; Church Lat. abbddia, 
adbdtia, from abbdtem. See Abbod. 

Abbesse, sb. abbess, PP.— OF. abbesse ; 
Church Lat. abbdtissa. 

Abbod, sb. abbot, MD, S2 ; abbot, S, 
PP ; abbodea,//. S2. — Church Lat. abbdtem 
(pronounced abbddem), nom. abbas ; Gr. d0- 
0&s ; Syriac, abba, father. 

Abbodesse, sb. abbess, PP. 

Abbot-riC6 f sb. abbacy, S.— AS. abbod* 
rice, the rule of an abbot 

A-B-C, the alphabet, P ; abcy, Cath. ; 
abee, Cath. («.), PP ; aboee, Cotg. ; abece, 
Cath. {n.) ; apeee, Prompt.— Cp. OF. abece, 
the crosse rowe (Cotg.). 

Abeah, Abeh ; see Abakan. 

Abeggen, Abeien; see Abyen. 

Arbernen, v. to burn ; aberntt, pr. s. 
S.— AS. d-beoman. (A- 1.) 

Abhominacioun, sb. abomination, 
NED, C2. 

Abhomynable, adj. abominable, S3, 
C3. — AF. abhominable ; Lat. abominabilem. 

A->biden, v. to abide, remain, await, en- 
dure, S, S2, W2 ; habide, S2 ; abyde, C2; 
abid, imp., S, S2 ; abid, pr. s., S ; abit, S, 
S2, C3 ; abod, pt. s., S ; abood, W2 ; a- 
bide, //.//., S2 ; abididen, W2 ; abide,//., 
G.— AS. d-bldan. (A- 1.) 

A-biding, sb. expectation, Wa, 


Abiggen; seeAbjen. 

Abil, adj. able, CM ; able, C ; liable, 
S3, MD.-* OF. *ble, hable (mod. F. habile) ; 
Lat. habilem, 

Abilite, sb. ability, NED ; babilitie, 
S3.— OF. habiliti. 

Abifeeit, pp. apparelled, S3.— OF. ha- 

Abil;ement, sb. clothing, S3.— OF. 


Abit, sb. dress, a monk's clothing, habit, 
PP, CM, HD ; ablte, W.— AF. obit {habit) ; 
Lat. habitum (ace). 

A-biten, v. to bite, S.— AS. &~bitan. 
(A- I). 

Abject, pp. and adj. cast out, NED. 

Abject 6, v. to cast aside, S3. 

A-blawen, v. to blow, MD ; ableow, 
//. s., S.— AS. d-bldwan. (A- 1.) 

A-blenden, v. to blind, MD ; ablent, 
pr. s., S ; //., S ; ablende,//. s., MD ; a- 
blend, pp. MD.— AS. d-blendan. ( A- 1 .) 

A-bouteiLy adv. and prep, about, C2, P, 
MD ; abnten, S ; abuuten, S ; abnton, S ; 
abate, S; abonte, S, G; oboute, MD ; 
obout, S2. — AS. on-biitan (=*on-be~iitan). 
(A- 2.) 

A-bouen, adv. and prep, above, C2, PP, 
MD ; aboue, PP ; abufen, S ; abuuen, 
MD ; abowen, MD ; abone, S3, JD ; obo- 
Ten, MD; obowen, MD; obonne, MD. 
Phr. : at here abone, S2. — AS. on + bufan 
(**be + ufan). (A- 2.) 

Abregge, v. to abridge, shorten, C ; a- 
breffffide, pp., W ; breffgld, W.— OF. a- 
breger, abregier : Prov. dbrevjar ; Lat. ab- 
breviare. (A- 8.) 

A-breiden, v. to start up, to draw 
(sword), to thrust out, to blame, S ; a- 
breyden, NED ; abraid,//. s.,S; abreyde, 
C2 ; abrayde, C ; abroden, pp ,S; abru- 
den, S.— AS. d+bregdan. (A- 1.) 

A-brode, adv. abroad, PP ; abrood, C2 ; 
abrod, widely apart, PP. (A- 2.) 

Abusioun, sb. deceit, S2, C3.— OF. a- 
busion (Cotg.). 

Abute, Abuton, Abuten; see a- 

A-bn^en, v. to bow, MD ; abuen, MD ; 
abouwen, MD ; abowe, NED; abe&h, 
//. s., MD; abeh, S.— AS. d-bugan. (A- 

A-byen, Abye, v. to buy, to pay for, 
S 3 ,Ca,C3,PP; aby**e,PP; abi**en, 
PP ; abujfgen, S, PP ; abeggen, MD, G ; 


abelen, S ; able, PP ; abuty, pr. j ., S ; 
abuffett, pr. pi, S ; abonhte, pt. J., S ; a- 
boufifhte, G; abought, pp, C3. — AS. &- 
byegan. (A- 1.) 

Abyme, sb. abyss, S2, HD.— OF. abime, 
abisme; Low Lat. *abyssimum f superl. of 
Lat. abyssus; Gr. apvaaos, bottomless. 
(A- 11.) 

Ac, conj. but, S, S2, P ; aco, S ; ah, S, 
S2 ; ak, S2, PP; bao, S ; aeh, MD; anli, 
MD, S; auoh, MD; 00, S; 000, S.— AS. 

ACC-; see Ac-. 

Accident, sb. accident (a term of the 
schoolmen), C3. — Lat. accidentem. 

Accidie, sb. sloth, indolence, S, CM, 
PP.— AF. accidie (NED) ; Low Lat. acci- 
dia f acedia ; Gr. dicTjSla, heedlessness, tor- 
por. (A- 11.) 

A-cennen, v. to bring forth, to beget, 
MD ; aeenned, //. MD ; accenned, S ; 
akenned, MD ; akennet, S ; aeende (for 
aeend), S.— AS. dcennan. (A- 1.) 

A-cennende, sb. begetting, birth, S. 

A-cenneng, sb. birth, S. 

A-chape, v. to escape, NED ; acbaped, 
//. s., S2 — OF. achaper ; cf. AF. ascaper* 
(A- 9.) Cf. Eaobapen, Aacaple. 

Achate, v. to purchase, NED. — OF. a- 
chater (F. acheter), acater ; Late Lat. accap- 

Achate, sb. purchase, provisions pur- 
chased, NED, C; acbat, HD; acate, 
NED; acates, pi, HD.— OF. achat, AF. 
acate. See above. 

Achatour, sb. a purchaser of provisions, 
purveyor, C, NED, HD; acatour, NED. — 
AF. achatour, acatour ; Late Lat. accapta- 

Ache, sb. pain, Prompt. ; eobe, MD ; 
baohe, HD.— AS. ace {ece). See Aken. 

Ache, sb. wild celery, parsley, NED, 
Voc. — OF. ache ; Lat. apium ; Gr. &mov. 

AcheSOTLIl, sb. occasion, motive, HD, 
MD, NED. - OF. achoison, ocoison ; Lat. 
occasionem. Cf. Anoheaoun, Bnohesoun, 

Achtaai&e,ord. eighth, S2, NED.— Icel. 
dttandi; cp. OHG. ahtande. Cf. Biffbte 

A-Colien, v. to wax cold ; aoolede,//. s. , 
S ; aooled, //., S.— AS. d-c6lian. (A- 1 .) 

Acombren, v. to encumber, PP ; acum- 
brld, pp., S2— OF. encombrer. (A- 10.) 

Acomplesshen, v. to accomplish 


NED; accomplice, C; aeoomplioed,/^., 
NED. — AF. acomplir {acomplice, pr. s. 
subj.) ; Late Lat. accomplere ; see Brachet. 
(A- 70 

Acord, sb. accord, agreement, MD ; ac- 
cord, S2 ; aoorde, S. — AF. acord. 
Acordannce, sb. agreement, PP. 
Acorden, v. to reconcile, to agree, MD, 
S2, P ; aocordynff, pr. p., S3 ; accorded, 
//., S2; //. s., S3.— OF. acorder\ Late 
Lat. accordare, from Lat. ad + cord-, stem 
of cor, heart. (A- 7.) 
Acorse; see Acuralen. 
. Acounte, v. to count, to calculate, 
NED, C2, PP; acompte, NED,PP; ac- 
compted,//., S3. — AF. acounter, OF. a- 
cunter, aconter ; Late Lat. accomptare ; Lat. 
ad + computare. (A- 7. ) 
Acounte, sb. account, reckoning, PP; 
acompte, PP ; aooompt, S3 ; aooomptee, 
pi., S3. — AF. acounte, acunte. 
Aconpen, v. to accuse, NED, HD ; a- 
conpede,//. s. t NED, PP ; aoopede, NED; 
aoonlped, NED; aoouped,^., S2— OF. 
acouper, acolper, for encouper, encolper; 
Lat. inculpare. (A- 10.) 
Acoyen, v. to quiet, coax, tame, NED, 
Palsg. ; acoyed,//. j., S2.— OF. acoyer, to 
calm ; Lat. ad + quietare. (A- 7.) 
Acxunbrid ; see Acombren. 
A-cursien, v. to curse, NED ; aoursi, 
S, NED; acorse, PP; aooreed, pp. MD. 
(A. 1.) 

Acustranannce, sb. customary use, 
NED, C2.— OF. acostumance. (A- 7.) 
Acwenchen ; see Aquenohen. 
Adamant, sb. adamant, very hard metal, 
a fabulous rock or mineral, the diamond, 
the loadstone or magnet, NED ; precious 
stone, Prompt ; ademaunt, C ; ada- 
mounde, Prompt. (».); admont, NED; 
athamant, NED ; athamaunte, C ; atte- 
ntat, NED ; aymont, NED.— AF. ada- 
mant (aimant) ; Lat. adamantem ; Gr. d&4- 
fias (-oFra), lit. invincible, untamable, from 
d- + 8a/iao>, I tame. (A- 1 1.) 
Adannten, v. to subdue, NED; a- 
dauntede, //. s., S2. — OF. adanter, adon- 
ter ; Lat. ad + domilare, to tame. (A- 7.) 
A-dawe, out of life, NED, HD.— AS. of 
dagum, from days. (A- 3.) 
A-dawen, v. to rise from sleep, also, to 
arouse, NED; adawed^. S3.— Cp. MHG. 
cr-tagen, to dawn. (A- 1.) 
Aday, adv. at morn, by day, Sj, P : 
aflat, S. (A- 2.) 


A-dili^en, v. to be lost, to perish, S ; 
adUi^ede, //. s. 9 S; adiligde, S.— AS. d* 
diligan, to destroy. (A- 1.) 

A-di^ten, v. to appoint, order, prepare, 
compose, clothe, treat, MD, S ; adjBt, pp., 
MD; adlgnt, G; adyfht, MD, HD. 

Adlen, v. to earn, MD ; addle, Manip., 
MED; addledd, pp., S.— Icel. oWa, refl. 
06 task, to acquire for oneself property, 
from Sbaly property, patrimony, from *dpal, 
race, see Fick, 7. 14; cp. OHG. uodil, 
4 praedium ' (Tatian). See AtheL 

Admirald, sb. a Saracen commander, S ; 
see Amirail. 

Admod, adj. humble, gentle, S; ad- 
mod, MD; edmod, MD.— AS. iadmdd, 
tabmSd. See mil 

Admoded,^. as adj. lowly; see Bad- 

Admodie, adj. pi. humble, MD; ed- 
modl, MD. 

Admodliche, adv. humbly, gently, 
MD ; Bdmodll*, S.— AS. iadmSdlice. 

Admodnesse, sb. humility, gentleness, 
MD, S ; edmodnease, S; addmodnesse, 
S.— AS. iadmSdncs. 

A-do 9 sb. fuss, trouble, difficulty, S3, 
Prompt, WW; = to do, PP, WW; adce, 
ND, (A- 5.) 

A-dOun, adv. down, S, S2, C2, C3, G ; 
adun, S ; adune, S.— AS. of ddne, off the 
hill. (A- 3.) 

A-drad, //. frightened, put in dread, 
NED, S3, G, C, PP; adred, S; advede, 
NED.— AS. of-drad (A- 3). Cf. Of-dre- 

A-draweilf v. to draw out, Sa ; adroit, 
//. s. t NED; adrou, NED; adraje,**. 
NED (A- 1.) 

A-dreden, v. to fear greatly, S, NED i 
adrade, reflex., S — OMerc. and-dridan 
(Rushw.) ; see NED. (A- 4.) 

A-drenchen, v. to drown, to be drowned, 
MD, S, PP ; adrejnten, pt. pi., PP ; a- 
dreynt, pp. drenched, PP ; adreint, MD ; 
adrent, S, PP ; adreynclied, PP.— AS. d- 
drencan. (A- 1.) 

Adressen, v. to make straight, to di- 
rect, NED, H. — OF. adressier, adrecier 
Late Lat. addrictiare, from Lat. directum, 
straight. (A- 7.) 

A-drinken, v. to be drowned, MD, S ; 
adrono, pt. s., MD ; adronken, fl, MD ; 
adrunken, pp., MD. — AS. d-drincan. 


4 A-DRYE. 

. A-drye, v. to endure, bear, HD ; adri- 
)en, S (19. 1047), MD.— AS. drdriogan. 
(A- 1.) 

A-dtin, ado. down, S ; see Adoun, 
A-dunien, v. to din ; adnnest, 2 pr. s., 

adenyd, pp. MD. (A- 1.) 
Adun-wardy adv. downward, NED; 
adonward, S2. 

Adversaria, sb. adversary, C3.— OF. 
adversarie ; Lat. aduersarius. 

Advertence, sb. mental attention, C3. 
—Late Lat. advertentia. 

Advocat, sb. advocate, intercessor, C3 ; 
Tokate, PP; vokyte, causidicus,Y oc. ; vo- 
kettus, pi PP. — OF. advocat \ Lat. aduo- 
catum (ace). 

2E, sb. law, MD. — AS. <kw (<£), law, divine 
law, the Mosaic law, marriage ; Goth, aiws, 
an age, eternity; cp. OHG. ewa, the t law 
of God, eternity (Otfrid). C£ JE-uez, 
Eu-bruche, Eche. 

•Sadmod, adj. humble, gentle, MD ; see 

JSdmodli^i adv. humbly, S; see Ad- 

iEdmodnisse, ^- humility, MD; »dd- 
modnesse, S ; see Adxnodnesse. 

JEShte, num. eight, MD ; see Eiffhte. 

•ZEhtene, num. eighteen, S ; see Eiffh- 

JEoure f pron. your, S ; see 3oure. 

.93rd, sb. native land, home, ;see Erd. 

JErfeS-telle, adj. difficult to count, S. 
See Arfe«. 

JErnde, sb. errand, MD ; see Erende. 

2Srnd-race 9 sb. messenger, S ; JErnd- 
raclies, //., S. — AS. <krend-raca. 

JBrnen, v. to run, S ; see Bennen. 

JES-uez f adj. pious, fast in the law, S. — 
AS. a-fest. See JB. 

Afaiten, v. to affect, to prepare, array, 
dress, to train, tame, subdue, NED, PP; 
aflaiten,P; fayten,Sa,PP; fatten, PP.— 
OF. afaiter, afeiter ; Lat. affectare, freq. of 
afficere\ ad+facere. (A- 7.) 

A-fallen, v. to fall, MD; auallen, 
MD; afeol, //.*., MD; afaUen,//., MD. 
—AS. drfeallan. (A- 1 .) 

A-fallen, v. to fell, NED; afal, imp., 
S; aual, S. 

A-felde, adv. a-field, to the field, PP. 
(A. 2). 

A-fellen, v. to fell, NED; auellen, 
MD.— AS. d-fel/an, d-fyllan. (A- 1.) 


A-fer, adv. afar, W, W2 ; afeer, NED J 
offeor,S(s.v./«?r). (A- 3.) Cf.A-ferre. 

Afere, sb., affair, bustle, appearance, 
demeanour, S2, NED ; effere, S2 ; effelr, 
S2, S3 ; effer, S2 ; afferes, pi, PP.— OF. 
af ere = a+ fere ; \aX. facer e, to do. (A- 7.) 

A-feren, v. to frighten, terrify, S, PP ; 
afferen, MD ; affeare, 2 pr. s. subj., S ; 
afered, pp. afraid, S, C, P ; aferd, S, C, P, 
Wz ; afeerd, W ; afert, PP ; aferde, S3, 
P, W; afford*, S3.— AS. d-f<kran. (A- 

A-ferre, adv. afar, Prompt. ; oferram, 
S2 ; onferrnxn, S2 ; onferre, NED ; on- 
ferr, NED. (A- 2). Cf. Afer. 

Aff- ; see Af-. 

Aflamysit, pp. famished, S3, NED. 
Cp. OF. afamer ; Late Lat. affamare. 

Affectuosly, adv. passionately, HD, 

Affectuouse, adj. hearty, affectionate, 
NED, H; affeotn»e, NED.— Lat. affec- 

Affray, sb. terror, S3, C2, C3. Cf. Bf- 

AfErayen, v. to frighten, C2 ; affrayed, 
pp. S2, C, C3, W ; see Afrayen. 

Afile, v. to file down, NED; aflyle, C. 
—OF. afiler. 

A-flemen, v. to drive away, MD ; a- 
ulem, imp. s., S. — AS. d-fliman {d-flyman\ 
(A. I.) 

Afolen, v. to befool ; afoled, pp., S ; 
afoild, NED, HD.— OF. afoler (Bartsch) ; 
Low Lat. *adfo/are, to make foolish. 

(A- 70 

A-foiL, v. to receive, S ; afeoh, imp., S ; 
avop, pr. pi, S ; auenge, //. //., S2.— AS, 
d-fdn, on-fin (for ond-fdn), see Sievers, 198, 
5. 1. (A- 4.) Cf. Onfon. 

Aforce, v. to force, constrain, NED, H ; 
afforoe, H ; aforsed,//. pi, H. — OF. afbr- 
cer, efforcer, esf order \ Late Lat. exfortiare, 
from L&tfortis, strong. (A- 9.) 

A-fore, adv., prep., before, PP, WW ; 
affore, PP; afor, PP; affor, PP; aforn, 
NED.— AS. on-foran. (A- 2.) 

A-forthen, v. to further, promote, to 
achieve, to manage to do, to manage to 
give, to afford ; P, NED, SkD, HD ; an 
forde, NED.— AS. ge +for9ian. (A- 6.) 

A-fote, adv. on foot, PP; afoot©, S3, 
W ; auote, S2. (A- 2.) 

Afrayen, v. to disturb from peace and 
quiet, to frighten, NED; affraye, C2 (E. 


455) ; afirajd, pp. alarmed, afraid, NED ; 
aArayed, W,S2, C, C3; aJfrayd, S3; af- 
frayt, S3 ; frayd, S3, frald, S3.— AF. 
afrayer, ejfrayer, OF. esfretr: Prov. «- 
fredar; Low Lat ex-fridare, from fridum ; 
cp. OS./ridu, peace. (A- 9.) See Aftayot. 

A-fright, #. terrified, C ; afri^t, NED, 
HD; afry3te, HD.— AS. d-fyrht, d-fyrht- 
ed. (A- 1.) 

After, prep, and adv. after, according to, 
S, HD,S2, C3; •**•*, S, Si; •fUx, S3; 
eafter,MD ; aftir, Sa. — JEf-ter is a comp. 
form, see SkD. 

After-clap, sb. an evil consequence or 
result, HD; after-clappys, //., MD. 

After-del,^, disadvantage, MD; af- 
ter-dele, HD. 

A-fare, ado. on fire, Sa ; autre, Sa ; 
aiiere, Wa. (A- a.) 

Afyngred; see AknngerA. 

Arffasten, ^ to terrify, MD, PP ; ageat- 
en, S; agaite, pt. s., Ca, C; agaat,^., 
PP, Sa, S3, Ca, C3, G; agiMd, S3; a- 
gaste, //., Sa, W.— AS. d+g&stan, to 
frighten. (A- 1.) 

A-gen, prep, and a<ftr. towards, back, 
again, S ; see A-^ein. 

Agenes, prep, against, S ; see A;eines. 

Agenst, prep, against, NED ; see A- 

Agenst-Christ, sb. Antichrist, S3. 

A-gessen, v. to reckon, calculate, S. 
(A- 1.) 

Aghe 9 sb. awe, H; agh, NED; see 

Aghe-faly adj. awful, H ; aghful, H. 

A-gon, v. to obtain, PP. — AS. of-gangan y 
to require. (A- 3.) 

Argon, pp. and adv. gone away, ago, Sa, 
C3; agoon, Ca, C3; agone, S3; agoo, 
PP ; ago, Ca. — AS. a-gdn, pp. of <£-£%*», to 
go forth. (A- 1.) 

A-graythen, v. to make ready, to 

dress, NED ; agreped, pp., Sa ; agrayped, 

NED. — From Icel. gretOa : Goth, ga-raid- 
jan. (A- 1.) 

A-graytllinge, sb. apparel, Sa, NED. 

Agreable, adj. pleasant, NED; ag- 

greable, favourable, S3. — AF. agreable. 

A-gref, in grief, NED; agrief,C; o- 
grefe, NED. Phr.\ take* not agreve, takes 
it not unkindly, NED. (A- a.) 

Agreggen, v. to make heavy, to be 
heavy, to aggravate, HD ; agreggid, pp., 
Wa.— OF. agregier: Prov. agreujar; Late 


Lat aggnmart, from *grtms for Lat gra- 
ms. (A- 7.) 
Agreuen, v. to bear heavily on, to 

frieve, oppress, HD ; agreued, pp., Ca t 
P. — OF. agrever; Lat aggramare ; */+ 
groMare, from grams. (A- 7.) 

Agrimony, J&. agrimony, Prompt ; 
agremoine, Voc.; egrineay, Prompt; 
egremoim, C3 ; egremon&de, NED; ogre- 
mojne, Voc— Lat agrimoma ; Gr. d-ypc- 
jiArif ; cp. F. atgremoine. 

A-grisen, 0. to be horrified, to terrify, 
to loathe, HD, MD, S ; agrjae, Sa, C3.— 
AS. d-grisan. (A- 1.) 

A-gronnde. on the ground, Sa, PP ; 
on this earth, PP. (A- a.) 

Agte, sb. possession, S ; see Aunt*. 

A-gulten, v. to sin, to offend, MD, PP, 
S; agilten, MD; agelten,MD; ajulten, 
S ; agiilte,/*. s., PP ; ag«lt,#., S ; agllt, 
HD, PP.— AS. d-gyllan. (A- I.) 

Ah, con}, but, S, Sa ; see Ac. 

A-honge, pp. hanged up, S. (A- 1.) 

Aht, adj. worthy, valiant, NED; see 

Ahte, sb. possession, Sa ; abate, S ; see 

AhtliC6 9 adv. valiantly, NED; ©ht- 
lioke, NED. See Aunt. 

A-hungerd, pp. a-hungered, PP, S3 ; 
ahnngred, NED ; arjngred, PP.— AS. of- 
hyngred. (A- 3.) See Of-hungred. 

Aihte, sb. property, S; ayhte, S; see 

Air, sb. air, Sa ; aire, NED; see Byre. 

Airtis* quarters of the sky, S3 ; see 

Aisille, sb. vinegar, S; alaU, MD; 
eisel, MD ; eyeelle, MD ; esylle, Prompt ; 
utile, MD ; •yatil, Sh. ; aysel, H.— OF. 
aisil (etsil), also, aisi, Ps. 68. ai (Metz) ; 
Late Lat. odium (cp. OF. aul); Lat acetum; 
see Schuchardt, Vokalismus, \. 394. 

Aiftliche, adv, timorously, S3 ; see Bia- 

Ak, conj. but, Sa, PP ; see Ao. 

A-kelen, v. to make cold, to grow 
cold, S, MD.— AS. d-cilan. (A- 1.) 

Aken, v. to ake, to throb with pain, Ca, 
Sa, Prompt, NED; aken, MD ; *aik, 
NED; 00, pi. s., MD; ok,MD; oke,MD, 
NED; akide, NED; oken, //. //., PP.— 
AS. acan, pt 6c, pp. acen ; cp. Icel. aka, to 
drive, Lat agere. Cf. Aohe. 

AketoTUX, sb. a jacket of quilted cotton 

is a-kneon; 

worn under the mail, a jacket of leather 
plated with mail, NED, Voc, C2 ; acke- 
toun, HD ; acton, NED, HD, JD ; kaka- 
tone, HD; kaqueton, NED; haketon, 
ND; fcaoqueton, ND. — OF. auqtteton; 
Sp. alcoton ; Arab, al-qutn, the cotton. 

A-kneon, on knees, S, NED ; aknen, 
HD ; aknewes, HD. (A- 2.) 

Al, adj., sb., adv. all, MD, S, S2, C2, C3 ; 
all, S, S3 ; hal, S2 ; alle, dot., S ; stile, 
//., S ; alle, S2 ; halle, S ; ealre, gen., S ; 
allre, S ; alra, S ; aire, S.— AS. call, all, al. 

Al, adv. (with conjunctions); al if, al- 
though, NED. 

Al, adv. (with subj. mood), although, 
NED, C, C3 ; Al be it, even though it be 
that, C. 

Alabastre, sb. alabaster, W (Mt. 26. 
7) ; alabaustre, S3 ; alablaster, Sh.— OF. 
alabastre ; Lat. alabastrum (nom. -ter) ; Gr. 
dK&fiaffTpos, aXdPaaros. 

A-lang, adv. along, MD ; along, MD ; 
olongf, MD (A- 4). See Endlong. 

Alange, adj. tedious, strange, foreign, 
Prompt. ; alenge, HD ; see Elenge. 

Alarge, v. to enlarge, to give largely, 
HD ; alargid, pp., W, W2.— OF. alargir. 
(A- 70 

A-last, adv. at last, S2, NED. (A- 5.) 

Alaun, sb. a large dog used for hunting ; 
alan, NED ; alant, NED ; alaunts,//., C ; 
allaundes, NED. — OF. alan {allan in 
Cotg.); It. alano (Florio) ; Low Lat. a/anus. 

ALay, sb. alloy, PP ; alayes, pi., C2.— 
AF. alay. 

Alayen, v. to mix metals, to alloy, 
NED, PP ; alayed, pp., PP.— AF. alayer, 
aleyer{¥. aloyer); Lat. alligare, to bind. 
(A- 70 

ATbe, sb. a vestment worn by priests, and 
by some kings ; NED.— Church Lat. alba, 
an alb ; Lat. alba {vestis), a white garment. 

Albificacioun, sb. the process of mak- 
ing white (in alchemy), C3. — Late Lat. al- 

Alblastrye, sb. the use of cross-bows, 
S3. See Arblaste. 

Aid, adj. old, S, S2 ; alder, comp., MD; 
aldreste, super I., S ; see Old. 

Al-day, adv. always, continually, C2, 

Aide-like, adv. with solemn, venerable 
mien, S. 

Alder, sb. elder, ancestor, also, prince, 
chie£ MD, PP; aldren, //., S; nlderen, 


S; elderne, S2; ealdren, MD; ealdrene, 

gen., S.— AS. ealdor (aldor). See Aid. 

Al&ev, of all, C2, H ; see Aire-. 

Alder-best, adj. best of all, H ; see 

Alder-first, adj. first of all, C2 ; see 

Alder-mon, sb. a prince, also, the prin- 
cipal officer in the shire, MD, Voc. ; ellder- 
nemanness, gen., S ; aldermen, //., PP. 
AS. ealdormann. 

Aldire- f gen. pi. of all, H ; see Aire-. 

Aldire-mast, adj. most of all, H ; see 

Ale, sb. ale, S2, C2 ; ale-house, S2 ; an 
ale-drinking, NED. Comb. : ale-stake, a 
stake before an alehouse as a sign, C, C3, 
NED.— AS. ealu, alu ; OTeut. stem *alut-. 
Cf. Hale. 

A-leggen, v. to lay down, to lay aside, 
to put down, confute, S, NED {allay 1 ). — 
AS. d-lecgan. (A- 1.) 

Alemaunde, sb. almond, NED, W2; 
almaundes,//., NED ; almoundes, NED. 
— OF. alemande, alemandre, alemandle (cp. 
Sp. almendra) ; Late Lat. amendola (cp. Pg. 
amendoa) ; Lat. amygdala ; Gr. dfjLvybd\tj. 

Alemaunde-tre, sb. almond-tree, W2. 

Alembyk, sb. a retort (used in alchemy), 
C3; alambio, NED; limbeck, ND, Sh.; 
lymbecke, (Minsheu). — OF. a Iambic, Sp. 
alambique (Minsheu) ; Arab, al-anblq ; Gr. 
d/x/Sr*-. stem of a/i/3i£ , a cup. 

A-lemen, v. to illumine, S ; alimen, S ; 
aleomen, S. — AS. d + lioman. (A- 1.) 

A-lesednesse, sb. redemption, MD. 

A-lesen, v. to loose, deliver, S ; alesde, 
pt. s., S ; alesed, pp., S, HD.— AS. <LUsan, 
dlysan. (A- 1.) 

A-Iesendnesse, sb. redemption, MD. 

A-lesnesse, sb. redemption, S, MD. — 
AS. d-Usnis. 

Al-gate, adv. every way, always, in any 
case, NED, S3, C, C2, C3 ; allegate, S ; 
algates, S2, C2, C3; algatis, W.— Cp. 
Icel. alia gotu, every way. 

Algorisme, sb. the Arabic or decimal 
system of numeration, arithmetic, NED; 
algrim, MD ; augrim, S. Phr. : cipher in 
algorisme, the figure o, a mere cipher, 
NED. — OF. algorisme (augorime); Low 
Lat. algorismus (cp. Span, guarismo, arith- 
metic, Minsheu); from Arab. al-Khowa- 
razmi, the surname of an Arab mathemati- 
cian of the 9th cent. 


Al-halowen, sb. pi. all saints, NED ; 
alnalowea, NED; nalalwea, Sa. 

Al-halowen day, sb. All Saints' Day, 
NED. — AS. ealra halgena dag. 

Aliance, sb. alliance, NED ; alllannoo, 
Ca. — AF. aliance. 

A-liche, adv. alike, PP, NED.— AS. 
ge-lice. (A- 6.) See Xliohe. 

Alia, sb. ally, relative, PP; ally*, Ca. 

Alien, v. to combine, unite, ally, NED ; 
allyed,#., Ca.— OF. alter; Lat alligare. 
(A- 70 

A-liri, adv. across (said of the legs), P ; 
alyxy, PP.— AS. on + lira, the fleshy part 
of the leg ( Voc.). (A- a. ) 

A-li^ten, v. to alight, get lightly down 
from a horse, to descend, also, to lighten, 
MD ; alygnte, Ca ; alyffnte, pt. s., PP ; 
aly?to, PP; alihte, MD; alijte, S; a- 
lynte, Sa ; aUjt, pp., Sa.— AS. d-Uhtan. 
(A- 1.) 

A-li^ten, v. to enlighten, illuminate, to 
light (a fire), NED.— AS. on-Uhtan. (A- a.) 

A-li^tnen, v. to enlighten, NED; a- 
llcntyn, S3 ; alyctnyn*,/r./., S3. (A- I.) 

Al-kaly, sb. alkali, C3.— Arab, al-qaliy, 
calcined ashes; from qalay, to roast in a 

Alkamistre, sb. alchemist, C3, NED. 
OF. alkemiste. 

Al-kamye, sb. medieval chemistry, PP. 
— OF. alcamie, alquimie; Sp. alquimia; 
Arab, al-ktmid; Late Gr. x r Jf ua t of doubtful 
origin, prob. from \vfitia, pouring. 

Al-karon, sb. the Koran, S2.— OF. al- 
coran; At. al-qordn, the reading, from 
qara l a, to read aloud. 

Al-katran, sb. the resin of fir trees, 
pitch, also, bitumen, NED, Sa.— OF. alke- 
tran ; Sp. alquitran ; Ar. al-qatran, from 
qatara, to drop. 

Al-ldn, adj. of every kind, MED, PP ; 
alkyn, Sa, PP ; alkynnaa, PP ; alio ky- 
nes, Sa. — AS. alles cynnes, gen. 

Al~kynd, adj. of every kind, S3. 

All- ; see A1-. 

Allunge, adv. altogether, S, MD ; al- 

lyng», MD; ailing*, MED AS.eallunga, 


AHure v sb. a place to walk in, a gallery* 
a walk by the parapets of a castle, a cloi- 
ster, S3; alnre, Prompt., NED.— OF. 
dure (now allure), walk, going, a gallery, 
also, aleiire ( = Low Lat. *alatura), from 
aler, to go (F. oiler). 



Almain, adj. German, NED; Al~ 
maina*, pi. Germans, NED ; AlmaygBM, 
S3. — OF. aletnan (F. allemand.) 

Almain, sb. a kind of dance, NED ; 
almond, NED. Comb. 

ND ; almonlUloapo, Cotg. (s. v. saut). 

Almaine, sb. Germany, H ; Almayna, 
NED; Alemaine, S; AlmoTno, NED; 
Almen, NED ; Alantanio, S.— OF. Ale- 
maigne; Lat. Allemannia, the country of 
the Allemanni. 

Almes-dede, sb. deed of mercy, Sa. 

Almesse, sb. alms, charity, S, PP, 
Prompt, Sa, C3; nlmei, S; elmoaaa, 
MD ; almea, S, Sa, W ; almoin, Sa ; al- 
messla, //., W. — AS. almysse; Church 
Lat *alimosina (cp. OF. atmosne); elee- 
mosyna (Tertullian) ; Gr. $ker)fio<rvvT), alms, 
Lu. 13.33; orig. pity. 

Al-mest. adv. almost, Sa, Ca, W, Wa; 
almeeat, Wa ; almoat, PP. 

Al-mi^t, adj. all-powerful, MD; al- 
mi*nt, NED, G— AS. almiht. 

Al-mirfci, adj. almighty, NED; al- 
mlcnti, S; allmahhtla, S ; almnty, Sa; 
almihtl, S.— AS. almeahtig. 

Al-mi^tin, adj. almighty, NED; al- 
mlnten, NED ; almlhtin, S. 

Alne-way ; see Alweya. 

A-lofbe 9 adu. on high, aloft, PP ; aloft, 
PP; on-lofto, S2, Ca ; o lotto, NED; o 
loft, NED.— Icel. d lopt (of motion), d 
lopti (of position) ; lopt, air, sky, loft ; cp. 
AS. onpd lyft, into the air. (A- a.) 

A-londe, on land, in the land, Sa, HD ; 
alond, Sa. 

Al-one, adj., adv. alone, MED. Phr. : 
nym allane, Sa. See Ono. 

A-longen, v. to seem long to, to long, 
NED ; alongod, pp. filled with longing, 
G, HD; alonffot, Sa.— AS. of-langian. 
(A- 30 

A-long on, prep, on account of, Sa, 
NED.— AS. ge-lang, along. (A- 6.) See 

Al-only, ado. merely, Sa ; alio only, Sa. 

A-loofe, adv. aloof, more nearly to the 
wind, NED; alofe, S3; alnffo, HD. 
Probably from Du. loef, in te loef, to wind- 
ward. (A- a.) 

A-losen, v. to praise, PP; aloaod, pp. 
notorious, Sa, NED, HD. (A- 7.) 

Al-ont. adv. entirely, NED : an out, 


A-louten, v. to bow down, S3, NED ; 

alowtid, pt. s., PP.— AS. d-tttan. (A- 1.) 





A-lOCT, on the low ground, on earth, 
ED, PP ; alawe, S3 ; alowe, PP. (A- a.) 

Alowable, adj. praiseworthy, PP. 

Alowaunce, sb. praise, PP. 

Alowen, v. to praise, commend, to ap- 
prove of, sanction, to admit (intellectually), 
S3, PP ; allowen, C2, G, PP.— OF. alouer; 
Late Lat *allaudarc\ Lat. ad+laudare. 
(A- .7.) 

Alowen, v. to assign, bestow, to give an 
allowance to, NED, Palsg.; allow, Sh. — 
AF. alower, OF. alouer, aloer\ Lat. allo- 
cdre, to place. (A- 7.) 

A-loyne, v. to remove far off, NED, HD. 
AF. atoyner, from loin ; Lat longe. (A- 7.) 

Aire, gen. pi. of all, used as an intensify- 
ing prefix with a superlative, NED {all, see 
sect D. II, p. 227), MD (p. 56) ; allere, 
H ; aller, G, C ; alder, C2, H ; altner, 
G, C, W2 ; aldlre-, H.— AS. ealrcu 

Alre-best, best of all, S2 ; alderbest, 
H; altherbest, NED, HD, C; alther- 
beste, S, HD. 

Alre-fyrst, first of all, NED ; alther- 
first, NED, HD ; alderflrst, C2, C3. 

Alre-mest, most of all, S ; aldlre- 
mast, H ; althermoost, HD. 

All, adv. and conj. also, as, S, Sa, S3, 
C2 ; see Also. 

Als-as, conj. just as if, S3. 

A1-SO, adv. and conj. (1) even so, like- 
wise, also, (2), as, MED, PP, S, S3, C3 ; 
allswa, S ; alswo, MED ; alse, S ; alsse, 
S J als, S, S2, S3, C2 ; alls, S ; ase, S, S2 ; 
as, S, S2, S3, C2 ; es, PP; alsswa, S2 ; 
alsna, Sa; als-so, S2 ; alswa, S, S2, 
MED.— AS. eal-swd. 

Al solne day, All Souls' Day, NED ; 
all© sonle day, Sa.— AS. ealra sawlena 

Als-tit6 9 adv. as quick, immediately, 
MED,S2. " 

Al-snic, adj. all such, S. 

Al-swithe, adv. as fast, immediately, 
MED; alswythe, PP; als-snith, S2 ; 
aswlthe, Sa ; asswythe, S2. 

Alther-, gen. pi. of all, C, G, Wa, PP ; 
see Aire-. 

Alther-best, adj. best of all, S, C ; see 

Alther-feblest, adj. feeblest of all, 
Sa, HD. 

Alther-first, adj. first of all, HD ; see 
Alrefyrst. I 


Alther-moost, adj. most of all, HD ; 
see ^Iremest. 

Al-to, adv. entirely, S, NED (s.v. all, see 
C, sect. 15), W, W2, H ; all-to, H. 

Al-togider6, adv. altogether, G ; alte- 
gssdere, S. 

Al-wat, conj., adv. all the while, till, S, 
MD (s.v. al, p. 57) ; alwet, MD; alnnet, 
NED (s.v. all what). See What. 

Al-weldand, adj. all-wielding, Sa ; aL- 
wealdent, S. — AS. al-wealdend. 

Al-weye, adv. all along, at all times, 
perpetually, at any rate, NED ; alne-way, 
Sa ; alwey, C2, C3, PP ; alwals, S2 ; al- 
leweyes, NED. — AS. ealne weg. 

Alynen, v. to besmear; alyned, //., 
S2. — Lat. allinere. (A- 7.) 

Arlyue, adv., adj. as pred. alive, Ca, Sa, 
PP ; onlyne, Ca, G ; online, S.— AS. on 
life. (A. a.) 

Am, 1 pr. s. am, S, C3 ; earn, S, MD ; 
nam, S; eam,MD; eom, MD.— O.North. 
am, O.Merc, earn (VP), AS. eom. 

A-mad,^. as adj. distracted, mad, MD, 
S; amed, MD; amadde, pi. MD.— AS. 
ge-mad, pp. of ge-m<kdan, to madden ; cp. 
OHG. ga-meit, foolish. (A- 6.) 

Amaistrien, v. to master, teach, PP ; 
amaistrye, P, HD.— OF. amaistr{i)er ; 
Lat. ad+magistrare. (A- 7.) 

Am al game, sb. a soft mass, mixture of 
metal with mercury, NED ; malfiram, NED. 
— OF. amalgame ; Low Lat. amalgama. 

Amal gaming, sb. the formation of an 
amalgam, C3. 

Amang; seeAmonge. 

A-mansien, v. to curse, to excommuni- 
cate, MD ; axnansi, MD ; amansy, MD ; 
amonsi, HD ; amawns, HD; amansed, 

pp., S. — Contracted from AS.d-mdnsumian, 
to put out of intimacy, from mdnsum, fami- 
liar, intimate ; pp. d-mdnsumod, also dmdn- 
sod; see Schmid. (A- 1.) 

A-masen, v. to amaze, stupefy, NED ; 
amased,//., C3. (A- 1.) 

Ambassade, sb. the function of ambas- 
sador, an ambassador and suite, NED ; 
embassages,//., S3.— OF. ambassade, am- 
baxade; OSp. ambaxada, from Low Lat. 
ambaxia,ambacHa } office, employment, from 
ambactus, vassal, retainer, a Celtic word 
found in Caesar. 

Ambassadrie, sb. ambassadorship, 
NED ; embassadrie, Sa, C3.— F. ambas- 


Ambassage, sb. embassy, NED ; am- 
fcaaaagea, pi.* S3. 

Amblen, v. to move at Hn easy pace, 
NED. — OF. ambler; Lat. ambulare, to 

Amblere. sb, an ambling horse or mule, 
C, NED. 

Amellen, v. to enamel, MD ; ammell, 
Palsg. ; amelled, pp., Palsg.; amelyd, 
HD; amlled, HD; ameled, NED.— AF. 
aymeler, OF. esmailler; OHG. smalzjan, 
to smelt, liquefy ; cp. It. smaltare, to enamel 
(Florio). Cf. Bn-anMl«&, Mute. 

Am.end.6n, v. to amend, mend, MD, S, 
S2, C2, W ; amended, pp. S2 ; amendtd, 
W2. — OF. amender ; Lat e-mendare, from 
ex + mendum, fault. (A- 9.) 

Amene f ad/. pleasant, S3, NED; ameyn, 
S3. — OF. amene ; Lat. amoenum. 

Amerant, sb. amaranth, a fadeless 
flower, S3. — OF. amarantt ; Lat. amaran- 
tutn (ace.) ; Gr. dp&pavTos. (A- 11.) 

Amercy, v. to amerce, fine, P, NED. — 
AF. amercier; from OF. estre a merci 
came estre amercie, then amercier. 

Amete, sb. ant, emmet, NED; amte, 
W2; emete, Voc. ; emote, NED ; ematte, 
Voc. ; amtls, pi, W2 ; amptia, NED.— 
AS. amete, imete. Cp. OHG. dmeiza ; 
from OHG. d, ofi+meiean, to cut, as if 
' the cutter or biter off.' 

Ametist, sb. amethyst, NED ; ametis- 
tus, W (Rev. 21. 20); amatyste, HD; 
amaste, HD ; amamaed, MD.-OF.«»w- 
tiste ; Lat. ame thy stum (ace.) ; Gr. dpiBwr- 
tos. (A- 11.) 

Ameuen, v. to be moved, NED ; ameu- 
ed,//. s., C2. — OY.esmeuv-, accented stem 
of esmover ; Lat. exmouere. (A- 9.) 

Ameyn ; see Amene. 

A-midde, adv. and prep, amid, Sa, C2, 
PP; amidden, S; amydde, PP.— AS. on 
middan, on middum. (A- 2.) 

Amirail, sb. a Saracen ruler or com- 
mander, an emir, an admiral, MD ; amerel, 
Prompt. ; amyxalle, MD ; amrayl, HD ; 
admirald, S. — OF. amirail, amiral\ cp. 
Arab, amir-al-bahr, commander of the sea, 
amir-al-muminin, commander of the faith- 

A-mis, adv. amiss, C2 ; amy*, G ; on- 
mys, NED. (A- 2.) 

Amome, sb. an odoriferous plant, amo- 
mum, NED; amonye, W, HD. — OF. 
amome (Cotg.) ; Lat. amomum ; Gr. dfjuafiov, 
a name applied to several spice plants. 

AND. 9 

Amonestft, v. to admonish, warn, HD. 
—OF. amonester; Late Lat * adtnonitare, 
from Lat. admonitus, pp. of admonere, see 
Constans. (A- 7.) 

Amonestemant, sb. admonishment, S, 
HD. — OF. amonestement. 

Amonestyng, sb. admonishing, CM. 

A-mong6, prep, and adv. among, in, at 
intervalsTPP ; amange, NED; omang, 
MD ; amang, S, S2 ; among, S, PP; Phr.i 
enre among 1 , ever among, every now and 
then, S ; ever and among, NED. — AS. on- 
mang y on-gemang. (A- 2.) 

A-monges, prep, among, S2, S3, Cj, 
C3, G, PP. 

A-morewe, on the morrow, S2, W ; 
amorwe, HD, PP, S2 ; amorce, S ; 
amorce, S (16. 432). — AS. on morgen. 
(A. 2.) 

Amountance, sb. amount, NED; 
mountonns, S2, HD. 

Amonnten, v. to ascend, rise, amount, 
mean, Sa, C2, PP; amnnten, S.— AF. 
amunter, from Lat. ad+ montem. (A- 7.) 

Ampole, sb. a vessel for holding con- 
secrated oil, or for other sacred uses, NED ; 
ampullea, pi., P ; ampollee, S2, PP ; 
hanypeles, PP.— OF. ampole; Lat. am- 

Ampre, sb. a tumour, flaw, blemish; 
amper, HD; ampxea, pi., S. — AS. ampre, 
1 varix ' (Voc). 

Amte ; see Amete. 

A-mnrCrin, v. to murder, S; amor- 
thered,. //., MD. — AS. d-myrtrian 
(Schmid). (A- 1.) 

Amyable, adj. friendly, lovely, NED ; 
amyabill, S3 ; amiable, WW.— OF. ami- 
able; Lat. amicabilem. 

An, 1 pr. s. I grant, allow, S ; on, pr. s„ 
S. See Unnen. 

An, num. and indef. art', one, an, S, S2, 
PP ; see Oon. 

An, prep, on, upon, in, PP, S, S2 ; see 

An, conj. and, if, PP, S, S2 ; see And. 

Anchesonn, sb. occasion, MD; an- 
oneiaun, MD ; anonaisun, HD.— AF. 
anchesoun. See Aeheaoun. 

Ancre, sb. an anchorite, recluse, hermit, 
a monk, a nun, NED, S, S2 ; annore, S2 ; 
anker, S2 ; anerea,//., P. — AS. ancra,m. 
(* ancre, f.) ; Church Lat. anachoreta ; Gr. 

And, conj. and, also, if, G, S, S2, S3, 


C2 ; wit, S, S2 ; an, S, S2 ; a, MD.-^r, : 
and if, MD. 

Anefeld, sb. anvil, W2 ; anefelt, NED. 
—AS. onfilti (Voc). 

An-ent, prep, and adv. on a level with, 
among, opposite, towards, in respect of, 
NED ; anont, MD ; onont, S ; onond, S ; 
anende, MD; anonde, MD; onond*, 
MD; anendes, MD ; anentes, NED; 
anentls, W, W2; anemptis, MD; an- 
empst, NED; anenoe, H; anens, H; 
ynentes, H. — AS. on efen, on efn, on emn, 
on even ground with. 

Anentesch ; see Anientise. 

Aner-ly, adv. only, alone, S2, NED, JD. 

Anete, sb. the herb dill, Voc, W, NED. 
—OF. anet; Lat. ant t hum (Vulg.); Gr. 
&vrj$ov, dial, form of (Lvhxov. See Anise. 

A-netheren. v. to lower, humiliate, 
NED; anetnered,#>., HD. (A- 1.) See 

An6W f sb. ring, wreath; anewis, pi., 
S3 ; anens, links of a chain, NED. — OF. 
aniaus, pi. of anel, ring ; Lat. anellus, dim. 
of anulus, dim. of annus, a circuit, year. 

Anew, enough, S3. (A- 6.) See Tnow. 

Arliewa, adv. anew, NED. (A- 3.) See 

Angel, sb. angel; ongel, S; angles, 
pl y S ; angles, S ; anglene, gen. S.— Lat. 
angelus. See Engel. 

An-gin. sb. beginning, MD ; angnn, S, 

An-ginnen, v. to begin ; on gon, //. s., 
S. — A§. an- {on-)ginnan. 

Angle, sb. a name given to the four as- 
trological * houses,' NED, S2. — OF. angle ; 
Latin angulum (ace). 

Angles, sb. pi. the English, the people 
of « Angul,' a district of Holstein, S, NED ; 
Englis, S. — AS. Angle, pi. 

Angre, sb. affliction, sorrow, wrath, pain, 
inflammation, NED, S2, PP ; angers, S2. 
— Icel. angr. 

Angren, v. to annoy, injure, make angry, 
NED; angre, PP.— Icel. angra. 

Angwisch,^. anguish, W2; angayssh, 
PP; angoise, S, MD ; angnise,MD; an- 
gnisse, MD.— OF. angoisse, AF. angutsse; 
Lat. angustia, tightness, from angere, to 

An-hei;, adv. on high, S2, PP ; an hel, 
Sa ; an Hey, S2 ; an ni*, W. 

An-heten, v. to heat, to become hot ; 
annet, prj. Sj anhe^t, •//. S.— AS. on- 


i-he^en, v. to exalt, NED ; annexed, 
//., S2. 

An-hitten, v. to hit against, S, MD. 

An-hon, v. to hang (Jr.), MD ; annott,, S ; annonge,^., MD. — AS. on-h6n. 

An-hongen, v. tr. and intr. to hang, 
S, MD ; anhonged,^., MD ; annanged, 

Aniente, v. to bring to nought, NED ; 
anyente, PP. — OF. anienter, from a, to + 
nient ; Late Lat. *necentem =■ nee + entem. 
(A- 7-) 

Anientise, v. to bring to nought, to 
destroy, NED ; anientiee, PP ; anentisen, 
CM ; anentesoh, PP ; anyntische, W2 ; 
neentishe, NED; annentissened, pp. 
CM ; anyntisohid, W2 ; enentysoht, H ; 
enentist, H.— OF. aniehtir (variant of 
anienter), pr. p. anientissant. (A- 7.) 

Aniee, sb. anise, also dill, NED ; anys, 
NED; aneyse, Voc— OF. ants; Lat. 
anisum ; Gr. dviaov. Cf. Anete. 

A-niCerien, v. to lower, humiliate, 
MD ; anettered, pp. MD, HD.— AS. d + 
ntOerian. (A- 1.) 

Anker, sb. anchor, S. — AS. aneor; Lat. 
ancora ; Gr. dytcvpa. 

Aulas, sb. a kind of dagger, anlace, 
MD,C ; anelaee, HD ; anelas, MD. NED. 
— Cp. Low Lat. anelacius (Ducange), 
OWelsh anglas. 

An-leth, v. face, countenance, MD, HD, 
NED; onndls*t,MD; onlete, MD.— Icel. 
andlit (Swed. anlete) : AS. and-wUta. 

Ann- ; see An-. 

Annamyllit, pp. enamelled, S3 ; see 

Annuel, adj. yearly; sb. a mass said 
either daily for a year after, or yearly on the 
anniversary of a person's death, NED ; 
annell, S3. — AF. annuel ; Late Lat. annu- 
alem y for Lat. anndlem, from annus, year. 

Annueler, sb. a priest who sang an 
annual, PP, C3, HD. 

An-on, adv. at once, instantly, soon, in 
a short time, S, S2, C3, PP; anan, S, 
NED ; onan, S2 ; onon, S, S3 ; anoon, 
S3, C2, G, W. — AS. on dn, into one ; on 
dne, in one (moment). 

Anonder; seeAnnnder. 

Anon-ryght, adv. immediately, C3, 
G ; anonrihtes, S ; ananriht, S. 

An-ouen, adv. above, S, NED ; onunen, 
NED.— AS. on ufan. 

A-nough, adj. (as pred.) enough, CM ; 
anew, S3. (A- 6.) See Tnow. 


Alloy, sb. discomfort, vexation, trouble, 
MD, Sa, PP ; anoye, Wa ; anui, MD ; 
enuye, S. —OF. anoi : OSp. enoyo : Olt. 
inodio, from the Lat. phrase est mihi in 
odio ; see Diez. Cf. Hoye. 

Anoyen, v. to annoy, PP, Wa, Sa, Ca, 
C3 ; anoiede, pt. s. f W ; noyede, W ; a- 
noyed,//. W; anuyed, PP ; annid, MD ; 
anud, S; anuyed, Sa ; ennnyed, P. — 
AF. ennuyer. Cf. Hoyen. 

Answere, sb. answer, MD ; ondswere, 
S; answare, S; onswexe, S., andsware, 
S. — AS. and-swaru. 

Answeren, v. to give an answer, S, 
PP ; ondswerien, S ; andswaxede, pt. s. 
S ; andswerede, S ; ontswerede, S ; ©n- 
swerede, S ; onswexde, S ; answarede, 
S ; answerede, S. — AS. and-swarian. 

Ant, conj. and, also, if, S, Sa. See And. 

Antem, sb. anthem, Ca ; antefne, MD. 
— AS. antefne ; Church Lat. antifona (cp. 
Prov. antifena, It. antifona) ; for older 
antiphona ; Gr. &vri<p<vva, lit. things sound- 
ing in response. Cf. Antrphone. 

Anticrist, sb. Antichrist, MD; ante- 
crljrt, W (1 John 4. 3); ancrljrt, MD; 
ancryat, Voc. — Church Lat. antichristus 
(Vulg.) ; Gr. dirrixpiaros. 

Antiphone, sb. antiphon, NED; 
Church Lat. antiphona ; see Antem. 

Antiphonere, sb. anthem-book, Ca ; 
antyphonere, Voc. ; an fen are, Voc. ; am- 
fanere, Voc. — Church Lat. antiphonarius. 

Anam, adv. at once, S. — AS. dnum, dat. 
of dn, one. [The MS. has anti, put for 
anu (=anuw)J. See Oon. 

An-OIlder, prep, under, S ; anonder, S. 

An-uppe, prep, and adv. upon, MD; 
onnppe, b. 

An-uppon, prep, upon, S, MD; an- 
uppen, o. 

A-nyghte, adv. by night, Ca ; an$t, 
S ; onigt, S. (A- a.) 

A-nyghte*, adv. at night, nightly, S3. 

Apalled, pp. made pale, NED ; ap- 
palled, C, Ca.— OF. apalir, apa/lir; Lat. 
ad+pallire for pallere. (A- 7.) 

Aparail, sb. apparel, PP ; apparaille, 
Ca, PP. 

Aparailen, v. to make ready, to fit up, 
furnish, to dress, attire, PP ; apparayleden, Sa ; aparailed,//. S ; apparailled, 
P. — OF. apareiller\ Late Lat. *adparicu- 
lare, to make equal or fit, from Lat. par, 
equal. (A- 7.) 



AparaoilC6, sb. appearance, NED; 
apparence, Ca. — AF. apparence. (A- V-) 

Apart, adv. apart, aside, Ca; apart* , 
separately, PP, NED.— OF. apart. (A- 7.) 

Apart, v. to set aside, separate, NED ; 
apart*, S3 (34. 14). 

Apartia, adv. in part, partly, PP, NED. 
(A- a.) 

Apayen, v. to satisfy, please, to requite, 
tfD, PP; apayd,#>. S3,Ca,C3J ap*yed, 
Ca, W; apaied, W, PP.— OF. apaier 
(apayer): Prov. apagar\ Lat. ad+pacare, 
from pacem, peace. (A- 7.) 

Ape, sb. ape, MD, Ca, C3, P ; fool, HD. 
Phr.\ ]>b old* ape, i.e. the devil, MD ; wyn 
of ape ( = OF. vin de singe), wine which 
makes the drinker pleasant, wanton, or 
boyish, Cotg., MD, HD.— AS. apa. 

Apece, sb. the alphabet, Prompt.; see 

Apenden, v. to belong, Sa, PP; ap- 
penden, Sa, PP.— OF. ap{p)endre; Lat. 
ad+pendere. (A- 7.) 

Aperceyne, v. to perceive, Ca, PP; 
apexseyue, PP. — OF. apercoiv-, accented 
stem of aperceveir ; Late Lat appercipere ; 
Lat. ad '+ percipere. (A- 7.) 

Aperceyninges, observations, 

Aperen, v. to appear, S, PP ; apeexen, 
PP; aper, Sa ; appiere, P; apperand, 
pr.p. S3.— AF. aper-, stem of apert, pr. s. 
of aparoir; Lat. apparere (ad+parere). 

(A- 7-) 

Apart, adj. clever, expert, NED ; as- 
pert, S3.— OF. aspert, espert; Lat. ex- 
pertus. (A- 9.) See Expert. 

Apert, adj. open, NED, H, HD; adv. 
Ca. Phr.\ In to apert ( = Lat. in palam)* 
Sa. — OF. apert ; Lat. apertus, pp. of 
aperire, a verb with d=*ab, prefix. (A- 8.) 

Aperteliche, adv. openly, Sa ; apertly, 
P, H ; appertly, P. 

Ap6rtenannt,/r./. appertaining, Ca. 
— OF. apertenant. 

Apertene, v. to appertain, NED, C3.— 
OF. apertenir\ Lat. ad + pertinere. (A- 7.) 

Apartment, /r./. appertaining, Ca.— 
Late Lat. adpertinentem. 

Apesen, v. to appease, NED, S3 (3b. 
i35*)> Ca, C3 ; appease, S3 (19a. 395).— 
OF. apeser, from a+pes; Lat. pacem, 
peace. (A- 7.) 

Apeyren, v. to harm, diminish, impair, 
PP, \V ; apeyre, P, W ; appayre, Sa, P ; 
apeyred, pp. Sa. —OF. ampeirer, empeirer ; 


Lat. in+peiorare, to make worse, from 
peior, worse. (A- 10.) 

Apeyryng, sb. injuring, S2, W; ap- 
palring , S3. 

A-piken, v. to trim, adorn, MD ; 
apiked, pp., C. See OF. piquer (Cotg.). 

Aplien, v. to apply, devote one's ener- 
gies to, NED; apply, S3.— OF. aplier\ 
Lat. applicare. 

Apointen, v. to come or bring matters 
to a point, to agree, arrange, to prepare, 
equip, NED.— OF. apointer, from a point. 

Apointment, sb. agreement, NED ; 
poyntemente, S3.— OF. apointement. 

Aposen, v. to question, S2, PP, Prompt. ; 
apposen, C3, PP. Cp. Opposen. 

ApOStel, sb. apostle, S ; appostel, NED ; 
appostil, NED ; apostle, W ; postlis, pi. 
NED. — AS. apostol ; Church Lat. apostolus 
(Vulg.); Gr. &ir6<TTo\os, one sent forth, 
messenger ; cp. AF. apostle (OF. apostre). 

Apostil-lied, sb. office of apostle, W. 

Apotecarie, sb. apothecary, C ; pote- 
kary, NED.— OF. apotecaire\ Late Lat. 
apothecarium (ace.), from apotheca; Gr. 
&tto$7)kt], storehouse. 

Apoyson, v. to poison, PP ; apoysoned, 
//., PP. — OF. apoisoner, for empoisoner. 
(A- 10.) 

App-; seeAp-. 

Appairen, v. to injure ; appayre, S2, 
P ; see Apeyren. 

Appairing, sb. injuring, S3. 

Appel, sb. apple, PP ; eppel, MD ; ap- 
plis,//. W2.— AS. appel. 

Apple-garnade, sb. pomegranate, S2 
(garnade). Cf. Garnet-appille. 

Aprentis, sb. apprentice, NED ; pren- 
tis, S2, PP; aprenty*, pi. PP.— OF. 
aprentis (AF. aprentiz), nom. of aprentif, 
from aprendre, to learn ; Lat. apprehendere 
-=*ad+prehendere. (A- 7.) 

A-quenclien, v. to quench, PP; a- 
cwenchen, S ; aqueynte,//. s. S2 ; aqueynt, 
PP. — AS. d-cwencan. (A- 1.) 

Aquerne, sb. squirrel, S, NED; ac- 
querne, S. — AS. dewern (Voc.) ; cp. Icel. 
ikornii G. eichhom, MDu. incoren. 

Aqueyntaoiice, sb. acquaintance, S2, 
CM, MD. — OF. acointance, AF. aqueyn- 
tance. (A- 7.) 

Aqueynten, v. to become known, MD ; 
aquointe, pp. acquainted, NED ; aquente, 
NED ; aquynt, S2. — OF. acointer (a- 
cuinter) ; Late Lat. adcognitare, from Lat. 
ad+ cognitum, pp. of cognoscere. (A- 7.) 


Ar, prep.) conj. and adv. before, S, Sa, G, 
H, P; see. Br. 

Ar, are, Sa, PP ; see Area. 

Arace, v. to pull up by the roots, Ca, 
CM; arache, NED.— AF. aracer, OF* 
esrachier\ Lat. e{x)radicare. (A- 9.) 

Aranye, sb. spider, Prompt.; arain, 
HD; aranee, HD; eranye, Prompt.; 
erayne, Prompt. ; erayn, H ; axane, H ; 
erane, Voc; yreyne, W2; aran, H; 
train, NED ; arran», //., HD ; yreyns, 
W2.— OF. araigne (iraigne) ; Lat aranea. 

Arate, v. to correct, blame, rate, PP* 
Probably a variant of Aretten. Cf. OF. 
aratter = aretter (Godefr oy ) . 

Aray, sb. array, PP ; array, Sa (19. 393), 
C2, C— OF. arei (arroi). 

Arayen, v. to array, NED, PP ; arayed, 
pp. W; arrayed, C2, C3.— AF. arayer\ 
OF. areier, areer: It. arredare (Florio); 
from Lat. ad + Low Lat. *redo (OF. ret), 
preparation, of Teutonic origin. (A- 7.) 

Arblaste, sb. a military engine for 
throwing missiles, MD, S2 ; alblaat, S2. — 
OF. arbaleste ; Late Lat. arcuballista. 

Arblaster, sb. an arblast-man, S2. 

Arch, sb. arch, Prompt.; arches, pi. 
court of Arches, P.— OF. arche (Cotg.). 

Arch-, prefix, chief; erche-, Church 
Lat. archi- ; Gr. fyx*-* &PX"' 

Arcll-ailgel, sb. archangel, S, PP ; 
archanffles, pi. S. — Church Lat. archange- 
lus; Gr. dpx«77 € * os » 

Arche-biscop, sb. archbishop, S ; 
erchebis»op, S2. — AS. arce-biscop (S) ; Lat. 
archi- + AS. biscop. 

Archer, sb. archer, S2 ; archeer, Ca ; 
fcarchere, Voc— AF. archer. See Ark. 

Archi-deken, sb. archdeacon, PP; 
erehedekene, S2. 

Arehi-flamyn, sb. high-priest, Sa.— 
Church Lat. archifiamen, archbishop (Du- 
cange), from 

Archi-triclixL, sb. the ruler of the 
feast, S ; architriclyn, W.— Church Lat. 
architriclinus (Vulg.) ; Gr. ApxirplnXivos. 

Arch-wyfe, sb. a wife who rules; 
arche-wyues, pi. Ca, CM. 

Are, sb. honour, reverence, also, grace, 
clemency, MD, NED, S ; ore, S, Sa, G, 
HD; happy augury, MD, S. — AS. dre 
(dr) ; cp. OHG. ira, honour (Otfrid). 

A-recch.eil, v. to explain, expound, to 
speak, NED.— AS. d-reccan. (A- 1.) 

A-rech.en, v. to reach, to strike, to reach 
in thought, to imagine, to be sufficient, 


NED, S, S (ii. 47), Sa, W PP.— AS. d- 
rckcan. (A-i.J 

A-reden, v. to declare, to interpret, 
NED, W ; areede, W.— AS. d-ridan ; cp. 
G. errathen. (A- I.) 

A-redy, adj. ready, P, HD, NED; 
5e-redl,MD. (A- 6.) 

Are-fall, adj. compassionate, MD, S. 
—AS. dr-full. 

Are-leg, adj. merciless, MD; oreleas, 
S; oreles, S.— AS. dr-lias. 

Aren, ». to show mercy to, S, MD. — AS, 

Aren, /r. //. are, S, PP ; arn, MD, C2, 
PP; are, MD; ar, MD, Sa, PP; ere, 
MD, Sa ; er, H.— ONorth. aron. 

Arende, ^. errand; HD, PP; see 

Arerage, sb. the state of being in arrear, 
indebtedness, NED, PP ; arrerage, C, PP. 
—OF. arerage, AF. arrerage. 

Arere, adv. to the rear, in the rear, PP ; 
Arrere, PP.— AF. arere \ Late Lat. ad 
retro, backward. (A- 7.) 

A-reren, v. to raise, build, to arise, to 
rear, Sa, PP ; arearen, S ; areride,//. s., 
W; arerde, S; arerd,S; arerdon,//., S ; 
arered,//., Sa, W, Wa ; arerd, Sa.— AS. 
d-rSran\ Goth, ur-raisjan* Causal of 
Arisen. (A-i.) 

A-reat, at rest, PP. (A- a.) 

Arest, sb. stop, Sa ; arreest, custody, 
C. Phr. : spere In arest, in rest, C— OF. 
areste, stoppage, AF. arest, act of arresting. 
(A- 70 

Aresten, v. int. and tr. to stop, cause 
to stop, NED, C. — AF. arester ; Lat. ad+ 
restare. (A- 7.) 

Aretten, v. to reckon, count, accuse, 
NED, W, Wa ; aretted,#. C; arettld, 
W, Wa ; retttd, W.— AF. aretter, OF. a~ 
reter; a + reter: OSp. reptar, to chal- 
lenge (Minsheu) ; Lat. reputare, to count ; 
cp. Late Lat reptare (Ducange). (A- 7.) 
Cf. Betten. 

A-reysen, v. to raise, to arouse, NED ; 
areysed, //. s., S3; areisld, //., W. 
(A- 1.) 

. Axe^th, sb. cowardice ; are^the, dot., S. 

ArfeC, adj. difficult, MD; arefett, S; 
earfett, MD ; aruett, NED ; erfe*, MD.— 
— AS. earfetie; cp. earfefie, earfop, labour, 
toil : Goth, arbaiths. 

Argoile, sb. the tartar deposited from 



wines, C3,NED; argnyll, NED ; argall, 
Cotg. (s.v. tartre), ND.— AF. argoil. 

Argnen, v. to prove, to reason, PP. — 
OF. arguer; Late Lat. argutare, from Lat. 

Argnere, sb. reasoner, PP. 

Argument, sb. proof, clear proof, proof 
presumptive, NED; argumens, pl. t PP. — 
AF. argument ; Lat. argumentum. 

Argumenten, v. to argue, C3, Sa. 

A-riflen, v. to arise, MD ; aryse, PP ; 
arls, imp. s. S ; arys, PP ; arlst, pr. s., 
S, Sa, C3 ; arcs,//, s., S, PP; aroos, PP ; 
arisen, pp., MD ; arise, Sa.— AS. d-Hsan. 
(A- I.) 

A-rist, sb. rising, resurrection, NED ; 
aristes, #?/*., S; arlste, dot., S.— AS. Ju- 
rist. (A- I.) 

Axiue, v. to arrive, to come to shore, 
S ; arone, pt. s., NED; arlnede, pi. Sa ; 
aryne, pp., S ; aryven, NED. — AF. a ri- 
ver; Late Lat. arribare, arripare, adri- 
pare, from Lat. ad+ripa, shore. (A- 7.) 

Axiue, sb. landing, arrival, C, NED. 

A-rixlien, v. to rule; arixlye, S. 
(A- 1.) 

A-ri^t, adv. in a right way, straightway, 
Sa; aryght, Ca ; arlste, S; orlgt, S. 
(A. a.) 

Ark, sb. an ark, chest, MD; arrke, 
S ; aro, Sa. — Lat. area ; cp. OF. arche. 

Ark, sb. segment of a circle, Ca, MD. — 
OF. arc ; Lat. arcum (ace), a bow. 

Arleg, sb. an earnest, NED, JD, HD.— 
Probably a plural in form from an OF. 
*erle $ *arle ; Lat. *arrhula, dim. of arrha, 
for arrhabo ; Gr. typaftiw ; Heb. *erdb6n. 
Cp. OF. erres, arres : Sp. arras (Minsheu) ; 
Lat. arrhas, pi. ace. of arrha. See Braes. 

Arly, adj. and adv. early, Sa, H; see 

Arm, sb. arm, MD ; earmes, pi., S, MD; 
armes, inter}, arms! an oath, by God's 
arms, S3, NED. Phr.: Gog's arms, S3. — 
AS. earm : Icel. armr : Goth. arms. 

Arm, adj. poor, wretched, MD ; arm, 
MD ; erme, dat. S ; arme, pi. S ; earme, 
MD. — AS. earm : Icel. armr : Goth. arms. 

Armen, v. to arm, C3, PP ; 1-armed, 
pp., S. — AF. armer; Lat. armare. 

Armeg, sb. pi. weapons, coat-armour, 
MD, P.— AF. armes. 

Arm-heorted, adj. tender-hearted, S. 
— Cp. AS. earm-heort. 

Arm-hertnesge, sb. compassion, S. 



Arminge, sb. the act of arming, putting 
on of armour, C2. 

Armipotent, adj. mighty in arms, C. 
— Lat. armipotentem. 

Armony, sb. harmony, S3. — F. har- 
monic ; Lat . hartnonia ; Gr. dppovia. 

Armure, sb. armour, weapons, P, Ca, 
C3, G ; armoure, C2 ; arararis, p/., W, 
W2. — AF. armure (armoure), armeure; 
Lat. armatura. 

Am, sb. eagle, HD; aryu, H; see 

Amide, ft. s. ran, S ; see Bennen. 

A-rode, on the rood (the cross), NED, 
S, Sa. (A- 2.) 

A-r0W6, adv. in a row, one after another, 
S ; areawe, S ; arewe, NED. (A- a.) 

Arr-; seeAr-. 

Arr, sb. scar, wound, NED, JD; ar, HD; 
see Erre. 

Arred, //. scarred, JD. 

Areenik, sb, arsenic, C3. — OF. arsenic ; 
Lat. arsenicum ; Gr. dpawixSv, yellow or- 
piment, orig. the masculine, male, from 
dfMTTjv, a male. 

Arskes,//. newts, Sa ; see Ask. 

Arsmetike, sb. arithmetic, NED ; ars- 
metrike, C. — OF. arismetique : Prov. aris- 
metica ; Lat. arithmetica ; Gr. apiOfirjTitrf) 
(j^X v v)t the art of counting. 

Arst, adj. and adv. superl. first, G, P ; 
see Erst. 

Axt 9 sb. a quarter of the heaven, point of 
the compass, NED, S3 ; airt, NED, JD ; 
alrtli, NED ; alrtis, pi , S3.— Gael, ard ; 
Olr. aird t top, height, point. 

Artou, art thou, Sa ; artow, Sa, Ca, 
C3. See Brt. 

Arwe, sb. arrow, NED ; arewe, Sa ; 
arwes, pi. Sa, Ca, P ; arewis, Wa ; aro- 
wis, Wa. — AS. arwe for *arhwe ; cp. Goth. 
arhwazna, arrow, the thing belonging to 
the bow, from *arhw = Lat. arcus. 

Arwe, adj. cowardly, timid, lazy, slug- 
gish, vile, base, Prompt. ; ares, S ; arh, 
MD ; ar5, NED ; ere we, S ; arewe, sb. 
betrayer, enemy, S,MD. — AS. earg(eark)\ 
Icel. argr ; cp. OHG. arg (Otfrid). 

Arwed, pp. made cowardly, PP. 

Ar^en, v. to be timid, to frighten, NED. 

As, sb. unit, a single bit, a jot, ace, NED, 
Ca ; ace, S3 ; ase, PP. Phr. : ambes as, 
double aces, Ca. — OF. as; Lat. as. 

Asailen, v. to leap upon, assail, PP ; 
assaile, PP, S ; assaille, Ca, PP ; asalUd, 


pp., PP; assal^eit, Sa.— AF. assailir, 
OF. asa/ir; Late Lat. adsalire. (A- 7.) 

A-saken, v. to deny, renounce ; asoke, 
pt. s., S.— AS. of-sacan (Schmid). (A- 3.) 
Cf. Of-saken. 

Asaut, sb. assault, Sa ; assant, C, PP.— 
OF. asaut. (A- 7.) 

Ascapie, v. to escape, PP; askapie, 
PP ; ascapen, PP.— OF. escaper (Picard). 
Cf. Achape. 

Ascannce, conj. as though, C3, NED. 

Ascb.6, sb. ash, cinis ; aisehe, W, Wa ; 
aske, H ; asken, //., S ; axen, S ; as- 
shen, Ca ; asskess, S ; asskes, C3 ; as- 
cMs, Wa; askes, Sa, P; askls, H; 
askes, Sa. — AS. asce (axe)'. Icel. aska: 
Goth. azgo. 

Ascrien, v. to cry out, NED ; escrien, 
MD. — OF. escrier; Late Lat. ex + $uiri- 
tare, see Diez. 

Ascrive, v. to ascribe, H. — OF. ascriv- 
stem of pr. p. of ascrire : It. ascrivere ; 
Lat. adscribere. (A- 7.) 

Ascry, sb. outcry, . Sa . 

Asegen, v. to besiege, C. — OF. asegier : 
It. assediare (Florio). (A- 7.) 

Aselen, v. to seal up, to set one's seal 
to, NED ; aseele, Wa ; asselen, PP, Sa. 
— OF. anseler, ense/er; Late Lat. insigil- 
lare, from sigillum* seal. (A^ 10.) Cf. 

A-senchen, v. to cause to sink, S ; a- 
seynt,#>., MD. (A- 1.) 

Asent, sb. assent, Sa, PP ; assent, C3, 
PP.— OF. as(s)ent. (A- 7.) 

Aseth, sb. satisfaction, PP, HD ; a- 
seeth, W ; asethe, Cath., HD ; assytk, 
JD ; assets, PP ; asseth, NED, HD.— 
OF. aset, asset ; from Late Lat. ad satis. For 
the final -/ in OF. = J> in English, cp. OF. 
feit with 'M.E./eip, faith. Hence our assets. 
(A- 70 

A-setnesgO, sb. appointed order, S. — 
AS. d-setnis, institute (Schmid). 

A-fletten, v. to set up, appoint, NED. 
— AS. d-settan. (A- 1.) 

Asise, sb. decree, edict, judgment, Sa ; 
assise, C, G ; assises, //. assizes, PP. — 
OF. as(s)ise, a sitting down, settlement of 
imposts, from as(s)is, pp. oias(s)eeir, to sit 
at, to settle ; Lat. assidere. (A- 7.) 

Asisour, sb. juror, PP ; arisoure, PP ; 
sisonr, PP ; sysour, PP. 

Ask-; see Aso-. 

Ask, sb. a newt or eft, a lizard, NED, 
HD, JD ; aske, NED; asker, HD, JD, 


DG ; aalds, pi., NED ; arakea, Sa.— AS. 
dtiexe : OS. egithassa ; cp. OHG. egidehsa 

Aske, sb. ash, H ; aikti, //., S3, P ; 
askls, H ; see Ascli*. 

Aske-ba$ie, sb. one who sits among 
the ashes, S ; aakebathe, NED. 

Aske-fise, sb. one who blows the ashes, 
Prompt ; aakfist, NED. Cp. Sw. askefis 
and G. aschenfister (Grimm). 

Asken, v. to ask, S, Sa ; ••Man, MD ; 
aaolun, MD; esehen, MD; en«, MD, 
Sa ; ocfden, MD ; acalen, MD, Sa ; axien, 
MD, S2 ; axen, S, S2, S3, C2, C3, W, 
Wa; encode, pi. s., S; eaakrte, S; hax- 
ede, S; ewrte, Sa.— AS. dscian: OHG. 
uVofc (Otfrid) ; cp. G. heischen. 

A-slaken, v. to diminish, to become 
slack, C, NED. (A- 1.) 

A-slawe, pp. slain, Sa ; asla^e, S; a- 
■la^en, S. — AS. d-slagen, pp. oid-sUan, see 
Sievers, 378. (A-i.) 

A-slepe, adv. asleep, S, PP.— AS. on 
sloepe. (A- a.) 

A-slepid, pp. gone to sleep, Wa. 

A-SOnder, adv. asunder, C, 03.^- AS. 
on sundran. (A- a.) 

A-SOylen, v. to absolve, to answer (a 
question), PP, Sa ; asioile, S3, C3, P, G; 
asoyly, NED ; asollede, pt. s., Sa ; asoy- 
lade, Sa ; assoylid, //., W.— OF. asoiler, 
assoiler\ Late Lat. absoluere ( = Lat. absol- 
ves). (A- 8.) 

AspaltOTUL, sb. asphalt, Sa.— OF. *as- 
paltoun; from Late Lat. asphalton; Gr. 

Aspect, sb. a term in astrology ; the re- 
lative positions of the heavenly bodies as 
they appear at a given time, NED, SkD, 
Sh. ; aspeetis, //., S3.— Lat aspectus. 
(A- 70 

Aflpert, adj. expert, clever, S3; see 

Aspie, sb. spy, W, Wa; a*py«, C3 ; 
aipy, S3.— OF. espie. 

Aspien, v. to look after, to watch, Sa, 

S3, W, Wa.— OF. espier. See Espy*. 

Aspiere, sb. spy, W. 

A-spillen, v. to destroy, kill, S. (A- 1.) 

Aspiyng, sb. ambush, W. 

Aspre, adj. rough, cruel, fierce, NED. 

— 01" . aspre ; Lat. asprum, rough, harsh. 

Asprely, adv. roughly, fiercely, S3 ; aa- 


Asquint, adv. obliquely, out at the 

corner of the eyes, S. 



Assay, sb. trial, experiment, an attempt, 
attack, tested quality, NED, Sa, S3, Ca, 
C3 ; aaale, W.— AF. assai {asat) : It. as- 
saggio; Lat. exagium, a weighing, from 
ex-agere (exigere), to weigh, prove, to drive 
out the tongue of the balance. 

Assayen, v. to examine, to attack, Sa, 
S3, Ca, P ; asalen, Wa ; aaay«n, S3 ; aa- 
■alad, pp. t W.— AF. assay er (asayer) : It. 

Assemble, sb. assembly, P.— OF. asem- 

Assemblen, v. to bring together, to 
come together, NED ; awwmbUd, pp., C3. 
— OF. asembler; Lat. assimulare. 

Assiduel, adj. continual, H ; aasedual, 
H.— OF. assiduel. 

Assiduelly, adv. continually, H. 

Assoilen, v. to loosen, absolve, explain, 
PP, S3, C3 ; see Aaoylen. 

Assoillyng, sb. absolution, acquittal, 

Astate, sb. state, estate, S3 ; see Bstat. 

A-8terten, v. to start up, to happen, to 
escape, NED, Sa, S3, C3, C ; aatart, S3 ; 
aatarted, //. s., Sa, C3. (A- 1.) 

A-8ti^en, v. to proceed, ascend, descend, 
MD ; artlffh*,/r. s., S ; aatah,//. s. t S.— 
AS. d-stigan. (A- 1.) 

Astonen, v. to stupefy, amaze, NED ; 
aatony, NED, Ca ; aatonyad, pp., W, PP ; 
astoynde, S3.— OF. esloner; Late Lat. 
*extonare, to stupefy as with a thunderbolt. 
(A- 90 

Astore, v. to repair, to provide, store, 
NED; aatorade, pt. s., Sa; aatored,//., 
C; aatorid, Wa.— AF. estorer, OF. es- 
taurer\ Lat instaurare. (A- 10.) Cf. 

A-strangeled, pp. suffocated, Sa. (a- 
6.) See Stranselyn. 

Astronomye, sb. astronomy, PP.— OF. 
astronomic; Lat. astronomia; Gr. darpo- 

Astronomyen, sb. astronomer, astrolo- 
ger, PP; astromyenes, pi. (=Lat. magi), 
W ; astrymyan*s, PP. — OF. astronomien. 

Asnre, sb. azure, NED, Ca, C— OF. 
asur, azur; Low Lat. lazur (lazulus); 
Pers. lajward. 

Aswagen, v. to assuage, Ca, PP.— AF. 
as{s / uager\ Prov. assuaviar% from Lat. 
suauis. (A- 7.) 

A-swelten, v. to die, S, NED. (A- 1.) 



Aswithe, adv. as quickly as possible, 
S2, PP ; asswythe, Sa ; see Alswithe. 

A-SWOWne,//. as adv. aswoon, Ca ; as- 
sowe, HD.— AS. ge-swdgen, see NED (s.v. 
aswoon) and SkD (s.v. swoon). (JL- 6.) 

A-8yde, adv. aside, C2. (A- 2.) 

At-, prefix (1), at; et-; a-.— AS.#/-. 

At-, /r*/fo (2), from, away; et-. — AS. 
at- for 06- proclitic form of *ttO-, away : 
Goth, unpa- ; cp. Du. onU, OHG. int- (G. 

At, /?w*. rel. and <w*/. that, S2, S3, H, 
NED; seejmt. 

At, prep, at, in, with, from, of, amongst, 
PP, S, S2, C2 ; et, S; set, S; ed, S; at, 
used with the infin. mood, S2, NED (vi), 
H. Comb. :— atte, at the, PP, S, S2, C2 ; 
ate, S, S2 ; ette, S ; eter, S ; atten, S2, 
PP ; at-after, after, C2 ; att-alle,in every 
way, S2 ; at-foren, before, MD ; et-foren, 
S ; at-uore, S2 ; at-om, at home, S2, PP ; 
at-on, at one, in accord, NED, S ; at oon, 
G (s.v. oon), C2; at-ones, at once, to- 
gether, PP,C 2,03; attonis,S3; attonys, 
S3 ; attones, S3. 

Atacb.6, v. to arrest, indict, S2, PP; 
attaoHe,PP; atteche,S3,NED; atachet, 
pp., S2, PP.— AF. attacker ; cp. It. attac- 
care. (A^ 7.) 

A-take, v. to overtake, catch, C3, HD, 
NED. Phr. : wel atake, well caught, NED. 
(A I.) 

Atamen, v. to cut into, broach, open 
(a vessel), NED, PP, HD; attamen, HD, 
Prompt., C2. — OF. atamen Prov. (en)- 
tamenar ; Lat. attaminare. (JL- 7.) 

Atazir, sb. influence (astrological term), 
S2, C3. Cp. Sp. atazir \ Arab, at-tdthtr, 
*al+tdthtr, influence, see Steingass, Arab. 
Diet., p. 157, and Dozy's Glossary, s. v. 

At-beren, v. to bear away, NED ; at- 
bar, pt. s. % HD.— AS. cet~beran. (At- 2.) 

At-breken, v. to break away, escape, 
NED. (At- 2.) 

At-bresten. v. to burst away, escape, 
NED.— AS. at-bcerstan. (At- 2.) 

Ate, sb. eating, S. See Sten. 

Atel, adj. terrible; atell, NED.— AS. 
atol; cp. Icel. atall. 

Atelich, adj. horrible, S ; eatelich, S. 
— AS. atelic. 

Atelich.6, adv. horribly, S.— AS. ateliee. 

Atempre, pp> as adj. temperate, H ; 
attempxe, C, HD.— OF. atempre* \ Lat. 
attemperatus. (A^ 7.) 


Atemprely, adv. temperately, H, HD. 

A-tenden, v. to set on fire, kindle, MD ; 
atend,/r.J.,S. (A- 2.) Cf. Ontenden. 

At-ewen, v. to show, to appear ; ate- 
wede,//. s., NED ; atywede, S; atawed, 
pp., MD. — AS. at-iawan (at-ywan) : Goth. 
at-augjan, from augo, the eye ; cp. OHG. 
ougen, to show (Otfrid). Cf. Awnen. 
(At- 1.) 

Ateynt, PP- convicted, affected with 
sorrow, PP ; atteynt, S3 ; attaynt, S3. — 
OF. ateint, pp. of ateindre, to attain ; Lat, 
attingere. (A^7.) 

At-fallen, v. to fall away, NED.— AS. 
(Bt-feallan. (At- 2.) 

At-fleon, v. to flee away, NED ; atfilp, 
pr. s., S.— AS. cet-jiion. (At- 2.) 

At-fore, prep, before, NED ; atuore, 
S2; etforen, S; afore, NED.— AS. at- 
foran. (At- 1.) Cf. Afore. 

At-gangen, v. to go away, MD ; at*o, 
MD, NED. (At- 2.) 

Ath, sb. oath, S ; see Oth. 

Athamant ; see Adamant. 

Athel, adj. and sb. of good birth, noble, 
a lord, NED, S, S2 ; Hathel, NED, S2 ; 
hathill, NED ; liateU, NED.— AS. atiele, 
edele : OS. ettili : O. Teut. *apalis, of good 
family, from *apal, race, family ; cp. OHG. 
adal (Otfrid). 

Abeling, sb. a member of a noble 
family, a noble, a prince of the blood 
royal, NED ; epeljmg, S. 

A-bestrien, v. to darken, S. — AS. d" 
piostrian. (A^i.) 

A-)>et, conj. until that, S. See Oth. 

At-holden, v. to withhold, retain, S ; 
athcelde, S ; etlialden, S ; athalde, S ; 
etholden, S ; ethalt, pr. s., S ; atheold, 
pt. s. y S ; atholde,//., S. — AS. otl-healdan. 
(At- 2.) 

Atiffen, v. to adorn, deck the person, S. 
—OF. atiffer, cp. atifer (Cotg.) (A~ 7.) 

Atisen, v. to stir up, urge, entice, NED 
attyae, HD; attloe, NED.— OF. atiser, to 
kindle (Bartsch) ; Late Lat. attitiare, from 
ad+titium (for titio) a brand (Voc), see 
Ducange, s.v. atticinari. For the change 
of ti into soft s as well as into c see Brachet, 
s.v. agencer. (A^ 7.) 

Atlien, v. to think, suppose, intend, to 
direct one's way, to go, MD ; attle, MD ; 
attele, S2 ; etlien, MD ; etteleden, //. 
pi., Sa.— Icel. cetla {etla) ; related to OHG. 
ahtdn } to consider. 




Atlinge, sb. purpose, conjecture, MD ; 
eftlunge, S. 

At-reden, v. to outdo in counsel, C, 
NED. (At- 2.) 

At-rennen, v. to ran away, to surpass 
in running, C, MD ; att-rann, pt. s., S ; 
at-ornde, NED. (At- 2.) 

At-rinen, v. to touch, to befall, NED ; 
att-ryne, MD— AS. at-hrinan. (At- 1.) 

At-routen, v. to rush away, escape, 
S2 ; at-raten, NED. From AS. hrtitan. 
(At- 2.) 

At-seheoten, v. to shoot away, MD ; 
atscnet, pt. s., S; atschote, pp. NED. 
(At- 2.) 

At-stonden, v. to withstand, S; ed- 
stonden, S, NED. (At- 2.) 

At-trtonden, v. to remain, to stop, 
NED, S2; etetonden, NED; atetonde, 
pp.i S.— AS. at-standan. (At- 1.) 

Att- ; see At-. 

Attame, v. to broach, to cut into, HD, 
C2 ; see Atamen. 

Atteir; seeAtyre. 

Atter, sb. poison, venom, esp. of rep- 
tiles, NED, S; hatter, NED.— AS. attor, 
for *dtor, dtr t (Voc); cp. OHG. eiiar, 
eittar (Otfrid). 

Atter-COppe,^. spider, NED, S; at- 
tercop, HD.— AS. attoreoppa. 

Atter-licb., adj. venomous, bitter; at- 
terlucne, NED. 

Atter-liche, adv. bitterly, NED. 

Atter-lothe, sb. an antidote to poison, 
applied spec, to various plants, NED, Voc, 
HD.— AS. attor-We. 

Attorn, adj. venomous, cruel, HD, 
NED; natterne, NED.— AS. attern, 
attren. See Atter. 

Attic*, v. to stir up, NED ; see Atlsen. 

Attevr, sb. array, dress, head-dress, 
HD; atonr,NED; aturn, S — OF. atour, 
aturn, from aturtur, atorner\ Lat. ad+ 
tornare, to round off. 

Attri, adj. venomous, S, HD ; attri}, 
NED; wattri, S2.— AS. attrig. See 

A-tweyne, in twain, PP. (A. 2.) 
At-witen, v. to reproach, twit, S.— AS. 
at-witan. (At- 1.) 

At-witen, v. to depart, NED ; atwot, 
pt.s., MD. (At- 2.) 
A- two, in two, S2, C2, C3, PP; ato, 

S2. (A- 2.) 

A-t Wynne, in two, apart, W, G, PP ; 

atwinne, C3 ; atwynny, W; otwinne, 
S; otwyn, H. (A- 2.) 

Atyre, sb. equipment, dress, head-dress, 
PP, Cath. ; atir, S2 ; atteir, S3 ; atyr, 

Atyren, v. to attire, NED; atyred, 
pp., PP; atired, PP; tyred, S2.— OF. 
atirer. (A- 7.) 

Anehtene, num. eighteen, S3; see 

Ancte, sb. property, S ; see Auhte. 

Anctoritee, sb. authority, C2, C3 ; an- 
torlte, S3 ; auotorite, C— AF. autorite y 
auctorite ; Lat. auctoritatem. 

Anctour, sb. author, C, C2, HD ; auc- 
tor, S3 ; antonr, S3, NED.— AF. autour; 
Lat. auctorem, from augere, to make to 
grow, to originate. 

Angrint, sb. arithmetic, S ; see Algor- 

Aun, conj. but, S ; see Ao. 

Anht, adj. worthy, valiant, doughty, 
NED (s. v. aught) ; a*t, S2, MD ; oht, S ; 
ant, NED; »ht, MD.— AS. dwiht {dht). 
Cf. Ought. 

Anhte, sb. possessions, NED; aunt, 
S2 ; ante, S2 ; eahte, MD ; annte, S ; 
agte, S, S (15. 2090); elhte, MD, S; 
eohte, S; elite, S; eyhte, S; alnte, S; 
ayhte, S ; auete, S ; aght, S2.— AS. <kht : 
Goth, aihts. See Owen.. 

Anl, sb. an awl ; anle, NED ; owel, S ; 
anlea,//., S.— AS. awel (Voc.) ; cp. OHG. 
ala (G. ahle). 

Anlf, sb. elf, SkD ; auph, SkD ;"awf, 
HD; oupne, Sh.; oaf, SkD.— Icel. dlfr. 
Cf. Blf. 

Anmener, sb. an alms-purse, a purse, 
NED, HD.— OF. aumomere; Low Lat. 
* altnosinaria {bursa). 

Amnoner, sb. almoner, alms-giver, 
NED; aumonere, S2, NED; aumenere, 
HD ; amner, HD.— OF. aumoner; Church 
Lat. *almosinarius, from *alimosina. See 

Ann-; see An-. 

Anncel, sb. a kind of balance and 
weight, NED, S2, PP ; auneer, PP ; aun- 
oere, P, HD.— AF. auncelle for *launcelle ; 
Late Lat lancella (cp. It. lance I la), «a 
kind of measure,' (Florio) ; dim. of Lat. lanx 
{lancem), sl plate, a scale of a balance. 

Anncessour, sb. ancestor, NED; an- 
cessour, NED, HD.—AF. ancessur; Lat. 
antecessor em. 

Aunceter, sb. predecessor, ancestor, 



NED, S2, CM; aneestre, NED; ann- 
cestre, NED; annsetters, //., NED, 
HD; annoeteres, HD.— AF. auncestre, 
aneestre \ Lat. ante-cessor. 

Auncien, adj. old, whilom, ex- ; sb. an 
old man, an elder (title of dignity), a senior 
member of an Inn of Court, NED ; ann- 
cient, S3 (25. 136), HD. — AF. auncien, 
OF. ancien\ Late Lat. antianum (cp. It. 
anziano), for ante-anum, from Lat. ante, 

Annexe, sb. anchoress, nun, S2 ; see 

Annder, sb. afternoon, HD; see TTndern. 

AnnderS-meat, sb. afternoon's colla- 
tion, Cotg. (s. v. recini\ HD. Cp. Goth. un~ 

Aungel, sb. angel, messenger, W ; 
annge, HD; anngeles* //., S2, C3; 
anngels, W2 (Ps. 90. 11). — AF. angele. 
Cf. Angel, Engel. 

Auntour, sb. chance, adventure, S2; 
annter, S3. Comb.: anannter, for an 
annter, in case, S2 ; see Anentnre. 

Auntren, v. to adventure, S3, G, PP. — 
OF. aventurer. 

AuntrOUS, adj. adventurous, C2, PP. 

Anter, sb. altar, S, S2, C, C2„ C3, P, W, 
Wa ; awter, S3, HD.— OF. auter, alter \ 
Lat. altare. 

Autour ; see Anctor. 

An- ( Av-) ; see AS.. 

Auailen, v. to avail, PP ; anall^e, B ; 
anaille, C2, PP, S2 ; anayle, PP, Prompt.; 
awayled, //. s., S2.— Cp. OF. vail{l)e, 
from valoir; Lat. ualere. 

Aualexi, v. to descend, to lower, MD, 
S2, S3, B ; avalU, B ; availed,^. , S3.— OF. 
dvaler, from phr. a vol', Lat. ad uallem, to 
the valley. (A- 7.) 

Anarons ; see Anerons. 

Auaunce, v. to advance, NED, S3, C, 
C3, P ; awanoe, S3 ; avannset, pp., S2 ; 
ananced, S2. — OF. avancer. 

Auauneement, sb. advancement, G; 
anancenient, S2. 

Auaunt, adv., and inter/, forward, away, 
NED.— AF. avaunt, OF. avant; Late 
Lat. ab-ante. 

Avaunt, sb. boast, vaunt, C, NED. 
See Anannten. 

Anaontage, sb. superiority, advantage, 
NED, S3, C ; anantaffe, S2, C3.— AF. 
avant age, from avant, before. 

Avaunten, v. to speak proudly of, to 


commend, to boast, NED, W2. — OF. 
avanter; Lat. ad + Late Lat. vanitare, to 
boast. (A- 7.) 

Avanntour, sb. boaster, C ; anannter, 
NED.— OF. avanteur. (A- 7.) 

Anentaille, sb. the moveable front of 
a helmet, C2, HD.— AF. aventaille, OF, 
esventail; Late Lat. * exventaculum, air- 
hole. (A- 9.) 

Anente, v. to get air by opening the 
aventaille, HD, NED. 

Auentnre, sb. chance, a chance occur- 
rence, jeopardy, S, S3, C, C3, G, PP; 
anentnr, S2 ; anntonr, S2 ; annter, S3, 
PP ; antnr, MD ; eventonr, HD. Comb. : 
an anentnre, lest perchance, PP; on 
auentnre, in case, PP ; anannter, for an 
annter, S2 ; in anentnre, PP. — AF. 
aventure ; Lat. aduentura, a thing about to 
happen. (A- 7.) 

Auer, sb. property, a beast of burden, 
HD. — AF. aver (pi. avers); OF. aveit 
(avoir) ; Lat. habere, to have. 

Auere; see Afore. 

AnerOUS, adj. greedy, H, HD, CM; 
aneronse, W, W2, PP ; anarons, S2, PP, 
NED— OF. averus. See Aner. 

AueryUe, sb. April, NED; aneril, 
S2 ; anerel, PP. — OF. avril ; Lat. apritis, 
from aperire. See Apert. 

A-ulem, imp. s. drive away, S ; see 

Auoide f v. to empty, to make of no 
effect, to make void, to remove, to move 
away, retire, to avoid, NED, W ; anoyde, 
W; anoyd, WW, Sh. ; anoided, pp., W, 
W2. — AF. avoider\ OF. esvuidier; es, 
out + vuidier, to empty. (A- 9.) 

Avouter, sb. adulterer, W2 ; avowtere, 
Prompt. — OF. avoutre, aoutre ; Lat. adul- 
terum. For intercalated v see Brachet 
{s. v. corvSe). 

Avoutrer, sb. adulterer, HD ; anont- 
reri*,//., W; avowtrerls, Wa. 

Avoutregse, sb. adulteress, W. — OF. 

Avoutrie, sb. adultery, PP, CM, W, 
HD ; avontry, Cath. ; avowtrle, NED, 
W; avowtery, NED ; anowtries, pi., W. 
— OF. avoutrie, abuterit, aiilterie; Lat. 
adult erium. 

Auowe, sb. vow, S3, PP, Prompt.; 
anow, S2, C, C3, G ; anon, PP ; anowls, 
pi., W, W2. 

Avowen, v. to bind with a vow, NED, 
W (Acts. 23. 14)^ P.— OF. avoer; Late 


Lat. advotare, from Lat. uotum\ from 
uoture. (A- 7.) 

Avowen, v. to call upon or own as de- 
fender, patron, or client, to avow, acknow- 
ledge, NED, S3, C3, PP.— AF. avower, 
OF. avouer, avoer; Lat. ad-vocare. (A- 7.) 

Avowry, sb. patronage, a patron saint, 
NED ; Torie, NED.— AF. avouerie, from 
OF. avoeor ; Lat. aduocatorem. 

Avoy, interj. exclamation of surprise, 
fear, remonstrance, NED, C, HD.— OF. 

Anys, sb. opinion, advice, C3; arise, 
PP.— OF. avis. 

Auyse, v. to observe, consider, give ad- 
vice, Sa, Ca, C3, H, PP ; auisen, PP, Sa. 
— AF. aviser ; Late Lat. advisare. (A- 7.) 

Auysely, adv. advisedly, H ; anislli,W. 

Auysement, sb. consideration, Ca ; 
aulsement, Sa. 

Anysron, sb. vision, S3; auislon, C, 
Sa. — OF. avision (Bartsch). 

A-wakenen, v. intrans. to awake, S ; 
awakeiiln, S; awakened, //., S. — AS. 
on-wacnan. (A- a.) 

A-wakien, v. intrans. to awake, S ; 
awalk {for awakk ?), imp., S3 ; awolk, pt. 
s. t S3; awollk {for awoikk?), S3.— AS. 
awacian (for on-wacian). (A- a.) 

Awarien; seeAwerien. 

A-way, adv. on - way, onward, along, 
away (from a place), NED; awai, PP; 
aw«55, S; awei, S; ewei, Sa; owai, Sa; 
aweye, C3, PP ; away, interj. away, Sa, 
NED. — AS. aweg, on weg. (A- a.) 

Awayte, v. to await, watch, Sa, S3, 
PP; awaite, PP; awaltie, NED.— AF. 
awaitur; OF. aguaitier. (A- 7,) 

Awayte, sb. a lying in wait, watching, 
NED, C— AF. await ; OF. ag^ait. 

Away-ward, adv., adj. turned away, 
wayward, NED, PP ; awaywarde, passing 
away, H. 

Awe, sb. awe, C, Ca ; a)e, NED. — Icel. 
agi (O.Teut. *agon). Cf. E)e. 

A-wecchen, v. to arouse out of sleep, 
NED, HD ; awelhte, //. s. f N£D ; a- 
weifrhtte, HD; aweht, pp., NED.— AS. 
d-weccan ; cp. OHG. ar-wekkan (Tatian) : 
Goth, uswakjan. (A- 1,) 
A-weden, v. to become mad, Sa, NED. 
—AS. d-wtdan. (A- 1.) 
A-wei, interj. ah woe ! alas ! S. 

A-welden, v. to control, S, NED.— AS. 
gewealdan. (A- 6.) 



A-wenden, v. to go away, NED.— AS. 
d-wendan. (A- 1.) 

A-wenden, v. to change to, NED; a- 
wente, pt. s., S. — AS. on-wendan. (A- a.) 

A-werien, v. to curse, S; awariede, 
pt. s., S. — AS. d-wergian. (A^ 1.) 

A-we^en, v. to weigh out, NED; a- 
wi&net, a pr. s. t S. — AS. d-wegan. (A- 1.) 

A-winnen, v. to win, NED ; awynne, 
S. — AS. d-winnan. (A- 1.) 

Awke, adj. turned the wrong way, 
sinister, perverse, NED, Prompt. — Icel. 

Awke-ward,<fc/z>.in the wrong direction, 
NED ; awkwart, S3. 

Awnen, v. to show, NED ; awwnemn, 
S.— Related to OHG. ougen, to show 
(Otfrid) ; from ougd, eye. See At-ewen. 

A-wondrien, v. to be astonished, NED; 
awondered, //., Sa. — AS. of-wundrian. 
(A- 30 

A-wreken, v. to take vengeance, to 
avenge, NED, Sa, P ; awreke, //., S, G, 
PP; awroke, P.— AS. d-wrecan. (A- 1.) 

Axen, sb. ashes, S. Comb. : axe-waddle, 
an indolent stay-atrhome, HD ; see Afleke. 

Axen, v. to ask, S, Sa, S3, Ca, C3, W, 
Wa ; axlen, Sa ; see Asken. 

Axer, sb. asker, W. Phr. : maisttxfal 
azer ( = Lat. exactor\ W ; axere, Wa. 

Axioge, sb. asking, C3; axyngia, pi., 
W, Wa. 

Ay, adv. ever, S, Sa, S3, Ca, H ; ai, S, 
Sa ; aj3, S.— Icel. ei. Cf. O. 

Ay, sb. egg, G, HD; ayren, /., MD; 
see By. 

Ayel, sb, grandfather, forefather, C; 
ayelea,//., PP.— OF. a'iel,diol\ Vr.avio/; 
Late Lat. aviolus, dimin. of Lat auus ; see 

Ayen, prep., adv. against, back, S ; see 

Ayen-wende, v. to return, S. 

Ay-where, adv. everywhere, Sa, NED ; 
aywkexe, H ; aywhore, Sa ; aiware, S ; 
ailiware, S ; ailiwer, SD. — AS. k-g^hwkr. 
Cf. O-wher. 

Ar^efen, v. to give, give up, give back, 
MD, S ; a^euen, MD ; ajiuen, MD ; 
a^eone, S ; ajaf,//. s., S ; a-iauen,//., S. 
—AS. d-gifan. (A- 1.) 

A-^ein, prep., adv., conj, opposite to, 

towards, against, in return for, again, PP, 

S, Sa, G ; a*ey», PP, Sa ; a*en, PP, S, 

Sa, G, W, Wa ; a*ayn, Sa, S& Ca, PP; 

C 2 



agen, S ; ayen, S ; a*eyn, S, S3, Ca, PP ; 
a^ain, S; ayeyn,S, Ca; a^ean, S; a*on, 
MD; agon, S; a;ien, S; a)eo, S; a*e, 
Sa ; aye, S2 ; igain, S2 ; o;ein, MD ; 
ogain, MD. — AS. ongJan, ongeagn, see 
Sievers, 214, 3. (A- a.) 

A-^eines, prep, and «>*/. against, con- 
trary to, in return for, PP, S; a^eynes, 
PP ; a^enes, S, S2 ; afenes, S ; agames, 
S; a;ena, Sa, W, Wa, PP; a?elna, PP; 
a^eyna, PP t ayeina, Ca ; ag»eyna, S3, 
Ca ; agayns, Ca, C3, PP ; igaines, Sa ; 
opines, S ; oganie, S2 ; ogaines, Sa ; 
ogaynes, S2 ; onn^tsness, S. (A- 2.) 

A-^einst, prep, and conj. against, MD ; 
a^eynst, PP, 

A36XL, v. to have, to be obliged, to owe, 
S ; see Owen. 

A36XL, adj. own, S ; see Owen. 

A^en, prep., adv. against, back, S ; see 

A^en-bien, v. to buy back, NED, Wa ; 


a^eenbietn, pr, j., S2 ; asenbognt, pt. s. 
Sa ; a5enbou3t, W, Wa. 

A;en-bier6. sb. redeemer, NED, W, 

A;en-biyng f sb. redemption, NED, W. 
A^en-Clepe, v. to recall, W, Wa. 
A^en-fi;tinge y pr. p. fighting against, 


A^en-risyngy sb. resurrection, NED. 

A^en-seyen, v. to say nay, to contra* 
drict, NED ; a^enseie, W, Wa. 

A^en-stonden, v. to withstand, NED, 
W ; a^enstood, //. s. t Wa. 

A^en-ward, adv. backward, in reply, 
over again, NED, W, S3 ; a^einward, Sa ; 
agaynward, Sa, C3. 

A-^er, in the year, Sa. (A- a.) 

A^te, num. eight, Sa ; ajt, Sa ; see 

A^t-SUm, adj. eight in all, Sa. 

, adj. and conj. both, S. — AS. bd f both. 
Baar, //. s. bare, carried, C, W ; see 

Babelen, v. to babble, P. 

Babelyng, sb. babbling, S3. 

Baber-ttpped, adj. having thick lips, 
P, Prompt. 

Babisbe, adj. babyish, S3. 

Bacheler, sb. a bachelor, an unmarried 
man, C, Ca ; a novice in the church, or 
arms, young knight, P. — OF. bacheler. 

Bacbelerie, sb. state of bachelor, CM, 
MD ; bachelrye, company of young men, 
Ca.— OF. bachelerie. 

Bacin, sb. basin, cymbal, a light helmet, 
MD ; bacyn, helmet, MD.— OF. bacin. 

Bacinet, sb. helmet, MD; baoenett, 
Prompt. ; basnetes, //., S3. — OF. bacinet. 

Bacoun, sb. bacon, C, PP ; bacon, PP. 
— OF. bacon. 

Bad, pt. t. prayed, S ; see Bidden. 

Bad, pt. s. bade, Ca ; see Beoden. 

Badde, adj. bad, PP; badder, comp. 
worse, Ca. 

Baddelicbe, adv. badly, PP, HD. 

Bade, pt. s. remained, S3 ; see Biden. 

Bagage, sb. dregs, refuse, S3 ; baggage, 

Baid, pt. //. remained, S3 ; see Biden. 

Bale, in phr. : to bale, at bay, Sa ; see 

Baili, sb. stewardship, villicatio, W ; 
baillye, power of a bailiff, G. — OF. bailie, 

Baili, sb. steward, villicus, W ; baillif, 
bailiff, C ; baillruea, //., bailiffs, P; bayl- 
lyues, P.— OF. baillif. 

BaiU, sb. sorrow, S3 ; see Bale. 

Bair, adj. bare, S3 ; see Bare. 

Bairais, sb. pi. bairns, S3 ; see Barn. 

Baiten, v. to feed, Ca, S3 ; bayte, Sa, 
C3.— Icel. beita. 

Bak, sb. back, PP, C ; cloth for the back, 
cloak, coarse mantle, C3 ; bao, S. — AS. bcec. 

Bak-biten, v. to backbite, slander, P. 

Bak-bitere, sb. backbiter, S. 

Bak-bitynge, sb. backbiting, P. 

Baken, v. to bake, MD ; boke, pt. s. 9 
MD ; book, MD ; baken,//., P ; bakenn, 
S; bake, C, Ca, P; y-baken, P; y-bake, 
P.— AS. bacan. 

Bakere, sb. baker, MD ; bakers,//., PP. 

Bakestere, sb. baker, P; barter, 
NED, P. — AS. bacestre, woman-baker (also 
used of men). 

Bald; see Bold. 

Balde,//. s. encouraged, S ; see Bolden. 

Bale, sb. sorrow, misfortune, death, S, 


C3 ; destruction, Sa ; baill, S3 ; balas,//., 
evils, torments, H ; balys, S3.— AS. bealu. 

Bale-drinch, sb. a deadly drink, S. 

Bale-fal, adj. baleful, evil, MD.— AS. 

Bale-fdily, adv. miserably; balfully, 
S2, MD. 

Balene, sb. whale, Sa, Voc. — Lat ba- 

Bali, adj. grievous, S, NED.— AS. bealu, 
baleful : Goth, balws (in compounds). 

Balies, sb. pi. bellies, Sa, PP ; see Bely 



Balke, sb. balk, beam, ridge, MD; 
, pi. ridges, dh' " 
■, P.— AS. balca. 

balks, pi. ridges, divisions 

ridge, I 
of land, 


Balled, adj. bald, C, PP; ballade, Sa, 

Baly; seeBsiy. 

Ban, sb. bone, S, Sa ; bants, //., Sa ; 
see Bon. 

Band, pt. s. bound, S ; see B i nd an . 

Bane, sb. destruction, death, bane, poi- 
son, PP, C ; bone, PP.— AS bana t bona. 

Banere, sb. banner, S, PP, Prompt.; 
bansr, Sa, C, PP.— OF. baniere. 

Banere, sb. banner-bearer, NED.— OF. 
banere \ Low Lat. bannator ; frombannum, 
bandum, standard. 

Banenr, sb. banner-bearer, Sa; see 

Bank, sb. a bank, tumulus, PP ; bonk, 
Sa ; bonkis,//., S3 ; bonkas, Sa. 

Bannen, v. to ban, curse, summon, Sa, 
S3, P; to forbid, prohibit severely, P; 
bonnan, MD ; i-banned, pp., S. 

Bannyng, sb. cursing, H. 

Ban-WOrt, sb. bone-wort, S3, MD ; 
see Bon. 

Banyonr, sb. banner-bearer, MD, Sa ; 
banyowre, Prompt. ; banysr, MD ; ban- 
•or, Sa, NED ; baneonre, PP.— AF. ban- 
eour, OF. baneor ; Low Lat. *bannatorem. 

Baptynt, sb. baptism, Sa, W; bap- 
tiinys,//. W.— OF. baptisme. 

Bar,//, s. bare, S, S2, Ca ; see Baron. 

Barayn, adj. barren, S3 ; see Barayna. 

Barbarik, sb. barbarian, W. 

Barbaras, sb. barbarian, W. 

Barberyne, sb. pi. heathen men, W. 

Barbour, sb. barber, C, NED; bar- 
boura, Prompt. — AF. barbour, OF. bar- 
beor ; Late Lat barbatorem. 

Barbre, adj. barbarous, Sa, C3. 

Bare, sb. bier, S ; see Baare. 

Bare, sb. a wave, billow, NED, Sa (8 b. 
38); bsras,//.,NED; biaras, MD; baarss, 
MD— Icel. bdra. 

Bare, sb. boar, Sa ; see Boor. 

Bare, adj. bare, simple, single, sheer, S, 
C; bair, bare, worn alone, S3. Comb.: 
baruot, barefoot, S. 

Bare, sb. the open country, S; naked 
skin, W. 

Barel, sb. barrel, Ca.— OF. baril. 

Baren, v. to make bare, uncover, S, 
MD ; y-barad,^., S3.— AS. barian. 

Baret, sb. deceit, strife, NED ; barrat, 
confusion, S3.— OF. barat, fraud ; cp. Icel. 
bardtta, a contest. 

Bareyne, adj. barren, C, Ca, PP ; ba- 
rayn, Wa ; barayn, S3.— OF. baraigne. 

Bare;, sb. a barrow-pig, S; see Ba- 

Bargane, sb. business, strife, combat, 
Sa; bargayn, bargain, PP; bargaynas, 
//., PP.— OF bargaine. 

Barly, sb. barley, MD, PP ; barllo, S. 

Barm, sb. bosom, S3, Ca ; barm, S.— 
AS. bearm. 

Barmkyn, sb. rampart, S3 ; 
the outermost wall of a castle, HD ; 
kynoh, MD. 

Barmkyn-wall, sb. rampart- wall, S3. 

Barn, sb. bairn, child, S, Sa, H, PP; 
barn, S; barns, S3, P; baarnas, //., S ; 
bairnls, S3.— AS. beam. 

Barnage, sb. childhood, Sa, MD. 

Barnen, v. to burn, S, Sa ; see Barman, 

Barnhede, sb. childhood, H, PP. 

Barn-site, sb. sorrow felt for a child, 
Sa, NED.— Icel. barn-siit. 

Barn-team, sb. offspring, a family of 
children, MD; bantam, Sa.— AS. beam- 

Baronage, sb. the men, vassals of a 
feudal chief, S ; assembly of barons, Sa, C3 ; 
barnaffs, MD.— OF. barnage, Low Lat. 

Baronn, sb. baron, lord, PP ; baronys, 
//. PP.— OF. baron , ace. of bers, a man, a 

Barowe, sb. barrow-pig, MD; bars*, 
S, NED.— AS. bearh. 

Barrat , sb. confusion, S3 ; see Barat. 

Barre, sb. bar of a door, C ; bar of justice, 
G, PP ; barrss,//., ornament of a girdle, C, 
PP.— OF. barre. 



Barste, pt. s., burst, S3, PP; see 

Baselarde, sb. dagger, MD, PP, 

Prompt; Baslard, PP— AF. baselarde. 
OF. basalart (cp. Low Lat. bassilardus). 
Probably from Late Lat. badile, a bill- 
hook ; see NED. 

Basnetes, sb. pi., helmets, S3 ; see 

Bataille, sb. battle, S, PP ; batalle, 
PP; batayle, S2, C, PP; batayls, //. 
battalions, S3.— OF. bataille. 

Bataillen, v. to embattle, fortify, MD ; 
totalled, pt. s, PP ; bataylld, //. embat- 
tled, C— OF. bataillier. 

Baten, v. to bate, abate, grow less, S2, 
MD ; see Abaten. 

Bateren, v. to batter, beat, pat, PP. — 
OF. bat-, stem of batre, with freq. suffix -er. 

Babe, adj. and conj. both, S, S2 ; see 

Babiere, sb. water-pot, S. 

Batte, sb. club, staff, bat, Prompt., 
Voc. ; battis, pi., W.— OF. batte. 

Battill, adj. rich for pasture, S3, JD ; 
battle, HD. 

Baudekyn, sb. a gold-embroidered stuff 
named from Bagdad, MD; bawdekyn, 
Prompt; baudkln, S3.— OF. baudequin; 
Low Lat. baldakinus, from It. Baldacco, 

Bauderye, sb. unchastity, foul conver- 
sation, MD ; pandering, CM ; bawdry, S3. 

Bauderyk, sb. baldric, MD; baw- 
deryke, Prompt. ; bawdryk, C, Voc. 

Baudry, sb. baldric, NED.— OF. bau- 
dreiy baldrei. 

Bandy, adj. dirty, C3, P, Palsg. 

Banld; see Bold. 

Baundoun, sb. discretion, freewill, 
power, S2 ; banndon, CM. — OF. bandon ; 
Low Lat. *bandonem, from bandum for 

annum, public proclamation. 

Bausand, adj. marked with white, 
NED. — OF. bausant ; cp. Prov. bausan, It 

Bauson, sb. badger, MD; bawsone, 
Prompt; bawsyn, Voc; bausenes, //. 
Sa ; baucynes, MD. See above. 

Bawd 9 pt. s. bade, commanded, S3 ; see 

Bawe-lyne, sb. bowline, HD, Sa ; see 

Baxtere, sb. female baker, PP; see 


Bay, sb. noise made by the united song* 
of birds, S3 ; barking of dogs, MD, HD. 
Phr. : to bale, at bay, S2.— Cp. OF. abater, 
to bark. 

Bayard, sb. a bay horse, a horse, P, 
CM ; balardes,//., P. Phr.: blynde ba- 
yardes, i.e. foolish people, lit. blind horses, 
HD, S3, MD,ND— Cp. Low Lat. baiardus. 

Bayn, adj. ready, willing, obedient, 
fair, pleasant, easy, good, NED; bayne, 
Manip.; beyn, Prompt., S3. — Icel. beinn. 

Bayne, sb. bath, S3.— OF. bain. 

Bayske, adj. bitter, H, MD; baak, 
MD, HD, JD ; be^ao, MD.— Icel. beiskr. 

Be-, prefix. See in many cases Bi~ 

Beade ; see Bidden. 

Bearnen; see Bernen. 

Bearyng in hand, sb. cajolery, S3 ; 
see Beren. 

Be-bedden, v. to supply with a bed, S. 

Beche, sb. valley, S ; bacn, MD ; 
baohe, NED. 

Be-cheee, v. to choke, stifle, S, NED. 

Bedde, sb. bed, PP.— AS. bedd. 

Bedde-Strawe, sb. bed, couch, stratum, 
Voc; bedstxe, W2. 

Bede, sb. prayer, S, H, PP ; beode, S ; 
beyde, S3 ; bede*, pi. S2, S3, P; beads, 
C ; beades, S3.— AS. {ge)bed. 

Bedel, sb. messenger, herald, crier, 
beadle, H, P ; bedeles, //. S, H ; bedelles, 
P.— OF. bedel; cp. AS. bydel. Cf. Bndele. 

Bede-man, sb. beadsman, one who 
prays for another, P; beodemon, S2, NED; 

Beden, v. to command, to offer, S, S2, 
S3, C2 ; beode, Sa ; bedden, S ; bidden, 
S ; beot, pr. s. S; byt, C ; bet, S ; bead, 
//. s., bed, S, S2 ; bawd, S3 ; bad, C2, S2 ; 
boden, pi. S; beden, S3; bode, S2 ; 
bede, pp. S2 ; bode, bodnn, invited, W ; 
bodyn, S2 ; bidde, C3.— AS. biodan. 

Note that many of the above forms are 
confused with those of the verb Bidden. 

Bede-sang, sb. the singing of the 
prayers, S, NED. 

Bedred, adj. lying in bed, bedridden, 
CM, PP; bedxeden, S2, P; bedxede, PP. 
— AS. bedreda and bedrida (Voc). 

Be-drenchen, v. to drench completely ; 
be-dreynt,, S3 ; pp. MD. 

Bed-roll, sb. catalogue, ND. See 

Bee, sb. bee, Voc; been,//. S3, Ca, 


Wa; beys, S3 (13. 344); bees, Ca.— AS. 

Bee- ; see Be-. 

Beek, sb. beak, Ca ; bee, S ; beelds,//. 
PP.— OF. &<:. 

Beem, sb. beam, C, PP ; boom, S ; bem, 
MD. — AS. team, tree, plank. 

Beere, sb. bier, W, CM, MD ; beer, C ; 
bare, S, MD ; beare, S3 ; bere, HD, MD ; 
byears, //. S3.— AS. bar; cp. OF. Here. 

Beest, sb. beast, C, PP ; best, PP, C, S, 
S2 ; bestes, pi S, S2 ; beestes, Sa.— OF. 
beste ; Lat. bestia. 

Beestli, adj. animal, W. 

Beeten, v. to beat, Wa, CM ; beten, S, 
C ; bet,/r. s. P ; bet, imp. s. Sa ; beat,//, s. 
P; beet, PP; bet, S3, PP ; bette, P; be- 
ten,//. S ; beeten, Wa ; beten,//. Ca, G ; 
bete, £a ; betun, Wa ; y-beten, Ca ; 
y-bete, C; y-bette, P; i-beaten, S; 
ibete,C— AS. biatan, pt. biot, pp. biaten. 

Bege, sb. collar, S ; see Bel). 

Beggen, v. to beg, PP, Ca, Prompt, 
W (John 9. 8). 

Beggere, sb. beggar, C, PP, W (John 

Beggestere, sb. beggar, C, NED. 

Be-grime, v. to smear, daub all over, S3. 

Beild; seeBelde. 

Bei?, sb. a ring, collar, P ; byje, PP ; 
bege, collar, S ; ble, Wa ; beies,//. circlets 
of metal, S; bi*es, P; benes, PP.— AS. 
biah : Icel. baugr. 

Bek, sb. brook, H, Voc, Prompt, MD; 
beckis,//. H.— Icel. bekkr. 

Bekken, v. to nod, C3 ; beken, Prompt.; 
beka,/r.j. S3. 

Beknen, v. to beckon, show, S ; bikenen, 
Wa.— OMerc. bicnian (VP). 

Bel, adj. beautiful, PP.— OF. bel. 

Belamp ; see Bilimpen. 

Belde, sb. protection, shelter, MD, HD ; 
beld, Sa ; beild, S3, JD.— AS. byldo, bold- 
ness, from beald. See Bold. 

Belden, v. to build, S3 ; see Bilden. 

Beldinge, sb. building, S3. 

BeUe, sb. bell, S, Ca, PP.— AS. belle. 

Bellyche, adv. beautifully, S3, MD. 
See Bel. 

Belphegor, sb. Baal Peor, H (p. 376). 
—Lat. Belphegor (Vulg.). 

Bely. sb. belly, bellows, MD, P ; baly, 
S3 ; below,/*//w, Voc. ; balies, pi. Sa, PP. 
—AS. balg. 



Bely-ioye, sb. belly-joy, appetite, PP. 

Belden, v. to swell, to be angry, MD } 
boU^benn,//. MD; 1-bolje, S.— AS. bel- 
gan, pt. bealh, (pi. bulgon), pp. bolgen. 

Bemare, sb. trumpeter, S.— AS. bimere. 

Berne, sb. trumpet, MD, Voc. ; bemen, 
//. S ; beemes, C ; beamons, S3.— OMerc. 
bime (VP). 

Bemen, v. to sound a trumpet, S, NED. 

Bemyng, sb. humming of bees, S3, JD. 

Ben, v. to be, PP, S, Sa; been, C; 
bien, bienn, S ; buen, S3 ; beo, S, Ss ; bi, 
S, S3 ; bne, by, Sa ; beonne, bienne, ger. 
S ; beob, pr. s. S ; beb, bntf, by*, W», S; 
bels, S3 ; bes, Sa ; beob, //. S ; Web, 
S; bn», S,Sa; beta, S3, S3, Ca ; ben,W; 
bes, S3 ; YA,pr. s. subj. S ; bU, S (s.v. Ibie) ; 
bee, //. S ; betb, imp. pi. C3, Sa, S3 ; 
byeb, Sa ; ben,//. S; been, C; bne, S3 ; 
be, S3, C; y-be, S2; lben, S; lbeon, S; 
ibee, S, S3 ; lbe, S, Sa ; ibi, S.— AS. Mm. 

Benam ; see Btnlmen. 

Benche, sb. bench, Prompt., PP.— AS. 

Benched, PP* furnished with benches, 
SD 1 y-bencned, S3. 

Bend, sb. bond, MD ; bendes, //. S, G ; 
bende, dot. S, Sa, G.— AS. bend: Goth. 

Benden, v. to bend, Prompt., MD; 
bende, //. s. MD ; bent, MD ; bend, //. 
Sa ; y-bent, //. S3 ; ye-bent, S3— AS. 
bendan t to fasten a band or string to a 

Bene, sb. a prayer, S, Sa, NED ; benes, 
//. Sa.— AS. ben: OTeut Mni-z, see 
Sievers, 368. 

Bene, adj. pleasant, S, NED. 

Benefet, sb. benefit, PP, MD; bynfet, 
PP; benfait, P; bienfetes, //. P.— OF. 
bienfet ; Lat. bene/actum. 

Bent, sb. coarse grass, small rushes, 
Manip., Voc., MD, HD.— Cp. OHG. binuz 
(G. binse). 

Bent, sb. a moor, an open grassy place, 
NED, S, S3, C. See above. 

Bennmde ; see Binlmen. 

Beo, Beob ; see Ben. 

Beo-, prefix ; see Bi- words. 

Beodele ; see Budele. 

Berd, sb. beard, S, S3, C ; berde, P, G ; 
berdes, //. S3.— AS. beard. 

Bere, sb. beer, Prompt. ; ber, S, MD.— 
AS. bior. 

Bere, sb. noise, S, S3, MD, HD ; ber, 
S3.— AS. (ge)bare; see 1-bere. 



Bere, sb. bear, C, MD, PP; bere«,//. 
Ca ; beores, PP.— AS. bera : OHG. bero. 

Bere, sb. bier, HD, MD. See Beere. 

Bere, sb. barley, MD ; beir, S3 ; berls, 
gen., S3. — AS. bere. 

Bere-lepe, sb. basket, H ; berlepe, H ; 
barlep, basket for keeping barley in, 
HD. See fcepe. 

Beren, v. to bear ; bere, S, W ; berp, 
pr. s. y Sa ; beoreft, pi., S ; bar, pt. s. f S, 
Sa, Ca ; bare, S2 ; ber, S2, C3 ; baar, W ; 
bare, S3; beore, //., S; boren, pp. 
born, Sa ; boron, W2 ; iboren, S ; iborn, 
S; ibore, S, S2; y-boren, Ca; y-born, 
Ca ; y-bore, Sa, Ca. Phr. bereth on 
hand, persuades, makes (him) believe, 
assures, S3 ; berth hir on hond, beareth 
false witness against ber, C3. — AS. beran. 

Beren, v. to cry, make a noise, MD, 
HD; bere, to low as a cow, PP; see 

Bergh, sb. hill, PP; berghe, PP ; 
bemh, PP ; berwe, PP ; berghe, dot., P. 
— AS. beorg; cp. Olr. bri (Windisch). 

Beriall, adj. blueish-green, beryl- 
coloured, S3. See Berll. 

Berie, sb. berry, C ; bery, Prompt. ; 
beries, pi. grapes, S, PP, — AS. berige. 

Berien, v. to pierce, strike, MD ; bery, 
to thresh, Cath. — Icel. berja, to strike; 
cp. Lat.ferire. 

Beril, sb. beryl, MD ; berel, MD.— OF. 
beril ; Lat. beryl/us ; Gr. /5^/wAAos. 

Beringe, sb. birth, behaviour, bearing, 
Ca, S ; beryxiffe, PP ; see Beren. 

Berken, v. to bark, Sa, PP; berkyd, 
pt. s., Sa. — AS. beorcon. 

Berkere, sb. watch-dog, pp. 

Berkyng, sb. barking, C. 

Berme, sb. barm, Prompt., S; berm, 
C3. — AS. beorma. 

Bern, sb. a man, PP, HD ; heme, PP ; 
burn, S2 ; bnrne, Sa ; beorn, MD ; 
burnea,//., Sa ; biernes, P.— AS. beorn. 

Bern, sb. barn, Ca, MD ; beren, S 
(ia. 363), MD; berne, S; dot., C3, W; 
bernes, //., W, Wa, P.— AS. bern: O. 
North, ber-ern, i.e. barley-house. 

Bern ; see Barn. 

Bernacle, sb. a snaffle for a horse, Wa ; 
barnacle, Voc, NED. 

Bernake, sb. an instrument set on the 
nose of unruly horses, Voc. ; bernak, 
Prompt.— OF. bernac. 

Bernake, sb. barnacle, a fabulous kind 


of goose, Sa, MD, NED.— OF. bernaque ; 
cp. Low Lat. bernaca. 

Bernen, v. to burn, MD, S, Sa ; bar- 
nen, MD, S; bearnen, S; beornen, S; 
biraen, S ; barnde, pt. s., Sa ; barnd, 
pp., Sa. — AS. beornan. Cf. Brennen. 

Berstles, sb.pi. bristles, C; see Brys- 

Berwe; see Bergh. 

Berynes ; see Bnrinlsae. 

Bergen, v. to help, deliver, preserve, 
NED ; berwen, S ; berr^henn, S ; beregcft, 
pr. s., S ; iborhen, pp., S ; ibore^e, S ; 
iboruwen, S. — AS. beorgan. 

Besaunt, sb. a gold coin named from 
Byzantium, W, MD ; besauntes, //., S3 ; 
besanntis, W.— OF. besant. 

Besene, Besie ; see Biaen. 

Be-slombred, pp. dirtied, bedaubed, 
S3 ; bealombered, NED. 

Besme, sb. besom, rod, Prompt.; bes- 
mei, //., S; besyms, W; bearnen, dot., 
S. — AS. besma. 

Best, adj. and adv. super/, best, PP ; 
beast, S ; bezste, S. 

Beste, sb. advantage, S. 

Be-steriinge, sb. bestirring, emotion, 

Be-swapen, pp. convicted, S.— AS. be- 
swdpen, pp. of be-swdpan, to persuade? 

Bet, adv. comp. better, S, C, Ca, S2, G ; 
bette, P. Phr., go bet, go as fast as you 
can, C3; betere, adj. and adv. S, Sa ; 
betre, S, Sa ; bettre, S. 

Beten, v. to amend, S, Sa, P, S3 ; beete, 
to kindle, C ; beyt, S3 ; bet, pr. s., S ; bet- 
ten, //. pi, kindled, C3 ; bet, //., S, Sa ; 
ibet, S.— AS. betan, pt. bitte, pp. bited. See 

Beten, v. to beat, S, C, PP; see Beeten. 

Be-thenchinge, sb. thinking upon, 
meditation, Sa. See Bi-penken. 

Bener, sb. beaver, S, Voc. ; beuveyr, 
S.— AS befer (beo/er) ; cp. OHG. bibar. 

Beyde-roule, sb. bead-roll, prayer-roll, 
catalogue of persons for whom prayers are 
to be said, S3; beadroU, bedroll, ND. 

Beye, v. to buy, CM, C3 ; see Bl^ffen.' 

Beye, adj. both, Sa ; beien, S ; beyne, 
S. — AS. begen. 

Beyer, adj. gen. of both, PP; belro, 
PP, MD; beyre, MD.— AS. begra. 

Beyn, adj. pliant, flexible, pleasant, S3, 
Prompt.; see Bayn. 


Bi-, prefix, also be-, by-, beo-, b-. 

Bi-bled, pp. covered with blood, C; 
bybled, MD; bebledd, S2, S3. 

Bi-bnrien, v. to bury, MD ; be-byrie- 
den, pt. pi S ; bebyried, pp., S ; bebered, 
Sa. — AS. bi-byrgan. 

Bi-cacchen, v. to catch, ensnare, MD ; 
bi-caubte,//. s., MD; bi-keibte, S; bi- 
coufrht,^., MD. 

Bi-callen, v. to accuse, summon, MD, 
S ; beeaUen, MD, HD. 

Bi-cause, conj. because, MD; by-cause, 

Bicelie, sb. bitch, PP; byocbe, PP. 

Bicched, pp. a word of doubtful mean- 
ing, applied to the basilisk, and to bones 
used for dice, NED, CM, C3; byched, MD; 
bichede, NED. 

Bi-chermen, v. to scream at, S. 

Bi-cherren, v. to entice, mislead, be- 
tray, S ; bicbarre, S ; bioherd, //., S. — 
AS. be-cerran. 

Bi-Clappen, v. to lay hold of suddenly, 
C3 ; beolappe, Palsg. 

Bi-Clarten, v. to defile, make dirty, S, 

Bi-clepien, v. to accuse, S; bicleopien, 
S ; blcleoped, pp., S. — AS. be-cleopian. 

Bi-clippen, v. to embrace, W, Wa ; 
bi-dipped, pt. s. wrapped (him) round, 
S3 ; by-clypped, pp. surrounded, Sa ; bi- 
clippid, W.— AS. bi-clippan. 

Bi-clnsen, v. to enclose, S. — AS. be- 

Bi-colmen, v. to blacken with soot, S, 
NED (p. 7 a a a), MD. See Culme. 

Bi-COmen, v. to come, go to, to befall, 
to become, befit, suit, PP, Sa, S ; by come, 
PP, Sa ; bloom, //. s., S ; bycam, PP ; 
bioome, pp., Sa ; bycome, Sa ; beoomen, 
S3 ; bicumen, S. — AS. bc-cuman. 

Bi-Cnmelich, adj. comely, becoming, 
MD ; bicTimellcbe, adv. becomingly, S. 

Bi-dafEed.//. befooled, Ca ; bedaffed, 

Bidden, v. to beg, pray, ask, S, S2, PP ; 
bydde, S2 ; beode, S ; bit, pr. s., S, P ; 
byd, Sa ; bad, //. s., S, Sa, PP ; bede, 
sub/., PP ; beade, S ; beden,//. S ; ibeden, 
S.— AS. biddan. 

Note that some of the above forms are 
due to a confusion with those of the verb 

Biddere, sb. asker, PP ; bidden, pi. 
beggars, Sa, P. 



Biddings, sb. prayer, S; biddynffe, 

begging, P- 

Biden, v. to bide, remain, PP ; bydea, 
Sa, PP ; bod, bode, //. s., Sa ; bade, S3 ; 
bald,//, abode, lived, S3.— AS. bidan. 

Bidene, adv. together, S ; at once, Sa ; 
bedene, NED; bydene, Sa. 

Bi-draueled, pp. slobbered, covered 
with grease, P. 

Bie, sb. collar, Wa ; see Bel*. 

Bienfet ; see Benefet. 

Biennales, sb. pi. biennials, biennial 
commemorations of the dead, P. 

Bierne, sb. man, PP, HD ; see Bern. 

Bi-fallen, v. to befall, C ; biualle, S ; 
bifbl, //. s. befell, S; byfyl, Sa ; beryl, 
Sa ; byfel, byfll, C ; blfll, bifel, Ca ; bi- 
felde, Wa ; bifalle,//. befallen, S, Sa, C ; 
bifelde, Wa ; biuaUe, S.— AS. be-feallan. 

Bi-flen, v. to fly from, S.— AS. be-JUon. 

Bi-fleten, v. to flow round; Mflette, 
pt.s., S, NED (p. 731a). 

Bi-foren,/r«/. before, S, Ca ; biuoren, 
S ; byuoren, S ; beforen, S ; bifora, Sa, 
Ca, C3 ; blfoxe, S ; blfor, S ; befor, Sa ; 
beforne, S3. — AS. biforan. 

Big, adj. big, Ca; by*, PP; bi«, 
wealthy, Sa, MD ; bytftfe,//., PP. 

Bigat ; see Bi3eten. 

Biggen, v. to till, dwell, build, MD, 
PP, S ($. i6iO; byggen, PP; biggand, 
pr. p., H. — Icel. byggja ; cp. AS. biigian. 

Biggen, v. to buy, S3, P ; buggen, S, 
Sa, PP ; bygge, PP ; beggen, MD ; beye, 
C3 ; bij, Sa ; bye, Sa ; by, C3 ; bie, Wa ; 
bnyeb, pr. s., PP ; bub, S; bie», redeems, 
Sa ; bohte, //. s. t S ; boubte, S ; bo^te, 
Sa ; bohton, pi., S ; bo;te, S ; bogt, pp., 
S ; y-bou3t, P. — AS. bycgan. 

Biggere, sb. buyer, W ; biexe, Wa. 

Bi-gilen, v. to beguile, S, P ; blgyle, 
Ca, C3. 

Bi-ginnen, v. to begin, S, Sa ; bigan, 
pt. s., S, Ca ; bigon, S ; bigonne, 2 pt. s., 
C3 ; bignnnen, pt. pi., S ; begouth, pt. s., 
Sa, S3 ; bignnnen, //., S ; begunnon, S. 
— AS. be-ginnan. 

Bi-gon, pp. surrounded, provided, set 
round^ MD ; be-gon, filled, Sa. — AS. be- 
gdn, pp. of begdn, to go round, surround. 

Bi-greden, v. to cry out at, to lament, 
S; begredde, //.//., MD. 

Bi-gripen, v. to seize, MD ; be-gxipe, 
pp., ST— AS. be~grtpan % to chide. 



Bi-gr0W6 9 /A overgrown, S ; begrowe, 

Bi-grnccheil, v. to begrudge, murmur 
at, P ; bygruecbe, PP. 

Bi-gnrdel, sb. a purse, PP.— AS. M- 
gyrdet (Matt. 10. 9). 

Bi-fifynandly, adv. at the beginning, 
H. See Biginnan. 

Bi-hangen, v. to deck, clothe, MD; 
bi-beng-en, //. //. hung about, S. — AS. 

Bi-hedeil, v. to behead, MD; bi-be- 
dide, //. s., W ; bibeedid, //., W.— AS. 

Bi-heste, sb. promise, S, S2, C2, P; 
bybeste, S2 ; bebeste, S2 ; bybest, S2 ; 
bibese, S ; bineest, W ; bibese,//., S.— 
AS. be-h<ks. 

Bi-heten, v. to promise, S, C3, W; 
bibote, S, S2, P ; bybote, C ; beobote, 
S2 ; bihat, pr. s., S ; bibet, pt. s., S, S2 ; 
bibl5te, W ; bebigbte, S2 ; bobibte, S2 ; 
biblgfbt, P; bibeybte, S; biboten, pp., 
S ; bybote, S2 ; bebote, S ; named, S3. — 
AS. be-hdtan. See NED (s.v. behight). 

Bi-heue, adj. profitable, S, MD.— AS. 
be-hJfe, necessary ; from *bih6f, utility (in 
behtflic). See Bibouoly. 

Bi-hinde, prep, behind, S ; adv. S2 ; 
bibynde, backwards, W2; = to come, 
future, C3. 

Bi-holden, v. to hold, to behold, PP, 
C, MD; bi-bealde, S; blbalden, S2 ; 
blbalt, pr. s., S ; bibeold, pt. s., S ; beo- 
boold, S2; bibuld, S2 ; bibeolt, S; bi- 
boldo, pp. } W2, C3 ; beboldinge wrongly 
used for bebolden, indebted, S3. — AS. be- 

Bihote; seeBibeten. 

Bi-houe, sb. dat. advantage, MD ; 
biofpe, S2. Cf. Bibouo. 

Bi-houely, adj. behoveful, necessary, 
CM, MD; bebouelicb,S2.— AS. be-hdjlic. 

Bi-houe]>, pr. s. behoveth, needs, S, C2, 
P ; bebouep, S2 ; bybouep, S2 ; biboues, 
S ; byboues, pr. pi., are obliged to, S2 ; 
beboued, //. s., S; bibofte, W.— AS. be- 

Bi-huden, v. to hide, MD; by-bod, 
imp. s., S. — AS. be-hydan. 

Bi-iapen, v. to deceive, befool, MD; 
byiaped,//., C, C3, PP. 

Bijs; seeBisse. 

Bikeihte ; see Blcaeeben. 

Bikenen, v. to beckon,W2 ; seeBeknen. 


Bi-kennedd, pp. begotten, MD. 

Bi-kennen, v. to commit, commend, 
to signify, MD ; bikexmed, //. s. recom- 
mended, S2 ; bekenxied, S2. 

Biker, sb. a fight, MD, HD. 

Bikeren, v. to fight, PP, HD; be* 
keryn, Prompt ; byckarte, pt. pi. .skir- 
mished, S3. 

Bi-knowen, v. to acknowledge, know, P, 
C3 ; byknowe, C ; beknowe, S2 ; biknew, 
pt. s., C ; biknewe, pi., S ; biknowen,//., 
favourably received, P. 

Bild, sb. building, S3. 

Bilden, v. to build, PP, W, CM, MD ; 
bnlden, MD; belden, MD, S3; bnlde, 
pt. s., C, MD ; bildide, W; bildiden, pt. 
pi., W ; bilden, W2 ; belt, pp., S3 ; y-buld, 
S2, S3; y-beld, S3.— Probably from AS. 
bold, dwelling. 

Bile ; see Bnle. 

Bi-leden, v. to use, treat, MD ; blledet 
{/or bilede}),, S.— AS. be-ladan. 

Bi-lefful, adj. believing, S, MD. 

Bi-leggen, v. to lay (something) on, 
cover, to prove, explain, MD; bilelst, 2 
pr. s., glozest, S, MD; bilnde,//. s., en- 
closed, S. — AS. bi-lecgan, to cover. 

Bi-lene, sb. belief, S, S2, PP, C3 ; be- 
leaue, S; byleue, PP; belaue, S; bi- 
leaue, S ; biliaue, S ; beoleeue, S2, PP ; 
bilefues,//., S.— Cp. AS. {ge)ttafa. 

Bilene ; see Biiiue. 

Bi-leuen, v. to believe, PP, MD, S; 
beleue, S ; bilefett, pr. pi., S ; bilinett, 
S; bilefden, //.//., S. 

Bi-leuen, v. to leave, forsake, renounce, 
HD, MD; bUef, imp. s., S, MD.— Cp. 
AS. l&fan, to leave. 

Bi-leuen, v. to remain, be left, MD, 
CM, C2, S2, HD ; byleue, HD ; bilamen, 
S; bileaue, S; bilefue, S; bleuen, S2 ; 
blefp, pr. s. t S2 ; bileued, pp. left re- 
maining, G ; byleued, G. — AS. be-l&fan. 

Bilfoder, sb. food, sustenance, S2, MD ; 
bilfodur, NED. 

Bi-liggen, v. to belong to, MD ; bi- 
lien,, S. — AS. bi-licgan, to lie round. 

Bi-likieil, v. to make pleasing, MD ; 
bi-liked, pp. made pleasing, S. 

Bi-limpen, v. to happen, to belong to, 
S ; belimpen, S; belamp, //. s., S.— AS. 

Bi-linnen, v. to cease, to be silent, to 
make to cease, MD ; by-linne, G ; blin- 
nen, S, S2, C3 ; blyne, S3 ; blynne, S2 ; 
blin, S2 ; blan, pt. s. t MD; blane. S3.— 


AS. blinnan ( = be + linnan, to cease, to be 
deprived of), pt. blann (pi. blunnon), pp. 

Bi-liue, adv. quickly, S, Sa ; bylyne, 
Sa ; belyue, S2, S3 ; bliue, S, S2 ; blyue, 
S3.— AS. be life, with life. 

Birliue, sb. food, sustenance, S (4b. 102), 
MD ; bylyue, PP ; bileoue, MD ; bileue, 
S, SD.— AS. btgleo/a; cp. OHG. HUH. 

Bi-liuen, v. to live by, S.— AS. H-libban. 

Bille, sb. papal bull, petition, PP ; see 

Bille, **. bill, beak, S, C ; bylle, Voc.— 
AS. bile. 

Billen, v. to peck with the bill, S. 

Bi-loken, v. to look upon, regard, MD ; 
be-locest, 2 pr. s., S. 

Bi-long On, prep, pertaining to, S. 

Bi-lulcen, v. to enclose, lock up, im- 
prison, include, MD ; biloken, pp., S ; be- 
loken, S; bilouked, S2, MD.— AS. be- 

Bi-lyen, v. to lie against, accuse falsely, 
MD ; belye, P ; bilowen, pp., S2, P, MD. 
— AS. be-liogan, pp. belogen. 

Bi-masen, v. to confuse, SkD (s. v. 

Bi-menen, v. to mean, to bemoan, MD, 
HD ; bymenen, P ; bemenen, S2, P ; 
biment, pp., S. — AS. H-tncman. 

Bi-mening, sb. bemoaning, S. 

Bi-mong, prep, among, S, MD. 

Bi-mornen, v. to mourn over, MD, 
W ; bimurnen, S. — AS. H-murnan. 

Bi-mowe, v. to mock, W2. 

Binden, v. to bind, S ; band, pt. s.,S; 
bond, S2, G, C2 ; bunden, pi., S ; bun- 
den, pp., S ; bundyn, S2 ; bnnde, ibnnde, 
S ; bounden, S, C2 ; y-bounde, S2, S3, 
C2; y-bound, S3; ibnnde, S. — AS. 

Bi-nemnen, v. to declare, stipulate; 
by-nempt, pt. s. promised, S3. — AS. be- 

Bi-neVe, prep, and adv. beneath, S2 ; 
bynebe, C ; bineben, S.— AS. be-neoOan. 

Bi-nimen, v. to take from, MD ; by- 
nymen, S ; benymen, S2 ; bineome,//*. s. 
subj. deprive, S ; blnam, pt. s.,F; binont, 
S2 ; benam, S ; bynome,//., P ; bennmde, 
S3. — AS. be-niman. 

Binne, sb. bin, chest, MD ; bynne, C, 
Voc. — AS. binn, manger. 

Binne, adv. and prep, within, S ; bynne, 
S2 ; bine, S.— AS. binnan (for be-innan). 



Bi-qneste, sb. bequest, P, MD. — A de- 
riv. Helvetian, see NED. 

Bi-qnethen, v. to bequeath, MD, CM, 
PP; byquetnen, C, G; bi-queth, pt. s., 
S2 ; biquath, PP, G.— AS. bi-cwetan. 

Bi-quide, sb. bequest, S2; bequlde, 
MD. — Cp. AS. cwide, a will. 

Birafte ; see Bixeuen. 

Bird, pt. s. itnpers. (it) behoved, S2 ; 
bixrde, S ; see Bureth. 

Bird, sb. a young bird, MD ; see Brid. 

Birded, pt. pi. laid snares for birds, S3. 

Bire, sb. dat. force, impetus, W; see Bur. 

Bi-reden, v. reflex, to take counsel, 
MD; by-rad, pp. determined, resolved, 

Bi-reinen, v. to rain upon, bedew, MD ; 
be-rayne, pr. pi. berain, S3 ; bixine, subj. 
S; beraynde, S3. 

Bi-reiurien, v. to lament, regret, MD, S; 
bixeused, pp. S. — AS. be-hrtowsian, to feel 

Bireustinge, sb. contrition, S. 

Bi-renen, v. to bereave, C3, P ; birafte, 
pt. s. C2 ; bireued, pp., S ; byreued, G ; 
byraft, C. — AS. bi-riafian, to deprive of. 

Bi-rinnen, v. to run with moisture, 
MD ; bi-runne, pp. bedewed with tears, S. 
— AS. bi-rinnan, to run as a liquid, H- 
runnen, pp. 

Birle, sb. cup-bearer, MD, HD. — AS. 
byrle, byrele. 

Birlen, v. to pour out drink, to give to 
drink, MD, JD, H, HD ; bryllyn, Prompt. 
— AS. byrlian ; cp. Icel. byrla. 

Birlynge, sb. a giving to drink, pouring 
out liquor, H. 

Bi-rolled, pp. rolled about, S2. 

Birth, sb. birth, offspring, natural dispo- 
sition, nation, MD; burp, MD; blrbea, 
pi. nations, S2, MD. — Icel. burtSr ; cp. Goth. 
ga-baurlhs, birth, native country. 

Birth-tonge, sb. native tongue ; burb- 
tonge, S2. 

Bisay; see Biaen. 

Bi-SChed, pp. besprinkled, Wa. 

Bi-SChetten, v. to shut up ; besattte, 
S2 ; biaonetten, pt. pi, PP; bianetten, 
P; biahette,//., PP. 

Bi-schinen, v. to shine upon, MD; 
hymohjne, pp. shone upon, S2. 

Bischop, sb. bishop, S, PP ; bisaoopp, 
the Jewish high priest, S; biachopia, pi. 
chief priests, W ; blaaopea, S2. — AS. biscop*, 
Lat. episcopus. 



Bi-schrewen, v. to corrupt to corse, 
MD ; bysebrewed, pp. cursed, P. 

Bi-schrichen, v. to shriek at, S. 

Bi-schunien, v. to shun, MD ; bisun- 
ien, S. 

Bise, sb. the north-wind, S.— OF. bise ; 
cp.OHG. bisa. 

Bi-seoheil, v. to beseech, S ; blseke, 
Ca; beseken, C, S; beseeb, imp.s.,S; 
Usobte, pL s. S ; besogbt, Sa ; blso;te, 
Sa ; blsouBten,, Sa. 

Bi-segen, ». to besiege, MD ; bL-segi- 
den, //.//., W2 ; bi-seged,//., C2. 

Bi-semen, v. to beseem, to appear, MD ; 
bi-— m e )?, /r. j,, him biseme|>, he appears, 
S ; blsemyde, //. j., beseemed, fitted, W ; 
ibsemed, pp. made seemly, plausible, S 
(16. 842). 

Bi-8en, v. to look, to behold, consider, 
to arrange, appoint, to manage, MD, S ; 
besle, S ; blseo, S2 ; his&,pr. s.,S; bise, 
imp., W ; byse, S2 ; blseb,//. s., S ; bisay, 
S2 ; beseyn,^. arranged ; beseyne, decked ; 
besene, equipped, S3 ; biseye, as in phr. 
yuel biseye, ill to look at, C2, ricbely 
biseye, splendid in appearance, C2. — AS. 
bis/on, to look about 

Bisenen, v. to give an example, MD ; 
blsend, //. likened, signified, S2.— AS. 
bysnian. See Bisne. 

Bisening, sb. example, S. — AS. bys- 

Bi-setten, v. to fill, occupy, to sur- 
round, beset, to set, place, to employ, MD, 
C, P ; Wsettiden,//.//.,W.— AS. bi-settan. 

Bisi, adj. busy, S ; see Busy. 

Bisily, adv. busily, C2 ; bisili, W; 
bisUiebe, S. 

Bi-sitten, v. to sit close to, to press 
hard, MD, P ; be-sest, pt. s. besieged, S ; 
be-ssrtte, S— AS. be-sittan. 

Bi-slabered, pp. beslobbered, P. 

Bi-smeoruwed, pp. besmeared, S. 

Bi-8mer, sb. scorn, reproach, P; M- 
semar, S ; busemare, S2 ; bisxnare, HD ; 
blssemare, CM ; blsmeres, pi., PP ; bi- 
smares, PP. — AS. bi-smer, insult; cp. 
OHG. bismer, ridicule (Otfrid). 

Bi-smitten, v. to dirty, MD; bi- 
smitted,//. dirtied, S ; besmet, MD. 

Bi-smotered,//. spotted, smutted, C. 

Bisne, sb. example, parable, S, MD. — 
AS. bysn ; Goth, busns (in anabusns) ; from 
biudan ; see Douse, p. 60. 

Bi-80ken, sb. request, petition, MD; 


bisokne, NED ; bl-socne, dot., MD ; bi- 
soonen,, S. 

Bi-speken, v. to speak to, to speak, 
blame, to decide, resolve, MD ; byspaek, 
pt. s., G ; bespayke, S3 ; bispeke, pp. S. — 
AS. be-sprecan. 

Bi-spel, sb. parable, S. — AS. bigsjxll, 
example, proverb, parable. 

Bi-Speten, v. to spit upon, W; U- 
spatten, pt. pi., W ; blspat, pp., W. 

Bi-gprengen, v. to besprinkle, MD; 
bi-spreynde, pt. s. W ; besprent, pp. be- 
dewed, S3 ; bysprent, S3 ; besprint, S3 ; 
blspreynt, Wa. — AS. be-sprengan. 

Bisse, sb. a stuff of fine texture, MD ; 
Ms, MD ; bys, Sa ; bies, bijs, fine linen, 
W; bijs ( = byssus =*Heb. shish, fine linen, 
also Egyptian cotton), W2. — OF. bisse \ 
Lat byssus \ Gr. /9t/<r<ro&; Heb. btits 9 fine 
Egyptian cotton. 

Bissyn, sb. fine linen( = byssinum)?N. — 
Lat. byssinum, a garment made of byssus. 

Bi-Stad, pp. placed, circumstanced, be- 
stead, hard bestead, sorely imperilled, over- 
come, MD, Sa, C3 ; bystad, G; blstadde, 
CM; Mstatted, MD; bistaflet, S; bi- 
steatfet, S. Probably from Icel. stadr, 
place, see NED. 

Bi-standen, v. to surround, to be busy 
about, to attack, MD ; bi-stod, pt. s., S ; 
blstode, S2 ; bistonden, pp., S.— AS. be- 

Bi-steken, v. to shut out, MD ; pp., S. 

Bi-striden, v. to bestride, S; bi- 
strood,//. s., C2 ; bystrood, G. 

Bi-sunien, v. to shun, S; see Bi- 
fM?bTiiileii . 

Bi-SWiken, v. to betray, deceive, S, Sa ; 
beswlke, S ; besuiken, S. — AS. be-swican. 

Bi-SWinken, v. to obtain by work, to 
earn by labour, MD ; biswynke, P. — AS. 

Bisy, adj. busy, Ca, P ; see Busy. 

Bisyhed, sb. busyhood, MD; bysy— 
bede, Sa. 

Bisynesse, sb. business, Wa ; see 

Bi-taken, v. to commit, entrust, S, Ca, 
W, NED ; betake, PP ; beotake, PP ; by- 
take, PP ; bitaak, W ; bltak, imp. s. t S ; 
bitok, pt. s., Sa ; bitook, C3 ; bytoktst, 
2 //. j., W; betoke, 1 //. s., S; bitoken, 
pi., W ; bitaknn, pp. W ; bitake, Sa. 

Bi-techen, v. to entrust, assign, S ; be- 
teobe, HD; byteobe, PP; biteaobe, S; 
bitaobe, imp. s., S; bitssbte, pt. s. ; W- 


tafcte; Mtagte ; bitaucte,S; bitangbte, 
G; byta*t, Sa ; \Atmht y f>p. ; bltaht ; bi. 
tell* ; bltagt; betebt, S.— AS. Jt-J&wf , 
pt. betahtc, pp. bet<kht. 

Bitel, adj. sharp, biting, MD. 

Bitel-browed, adj. with shaggy, pro- 
minent eve-brows, S2, P; bytelbrowed, 

Bi-tellen, v. to clear, justify, to ex- 
press, show, to claim, to set free, to per- 
suade, deceive, MD, S ; bltald, pp., H, 
MD.— AS. be-tellan. 

Biten, v. to bite, PP; byte, PP; bot, 
pt. s., Sa, PP; bote, P.— AS. bitan, pt. 
bdt (pL bitori), pp. biten. 

Bi-teon, v. to draw over, to cover, to 
employ, NED; biten, MD; bltowen,//., 
S ; bitosen, NED ; bltoffen, MD.— AS. be- 

Bi-benken, v. to think, bethink, S, W ; 
btyenchen, S ; bijwhte,//. J., S ; bijK>5te, 
planned, S2 ; biponbte, S ; bepout, Sa ; 
bl]K»]it, pp. repented, S ; blponht, S ; by- 
thongbt, called to mind, C. — AS. bi- 

Birtiden, v. to happen, betide, MD; 
Mtyde, C2, C3 ; beotyde, PP ; bitlt,/r. s., 
PP ; Mtid, S ; bitlde, pt. s., S2 ; betydde, 
PP ; bitid,//., S ; betlgbt,//., S3 ; NED. 

Bi-tilden, v. to cover ; U-tUd, pp., S. 
—AS. be-teldan. See Ouer-tild. 

Bi-time, adv. betimes, S, Sa ; bityme, 
PP ; bitimes, C3. 

Bi-toknen, v. to betoken, C2 ; bitook. 
nen, S ; bytoknen, PP ; betoknen, S, PP ; 
betaken, Sa ; bitaenedd, //., S. 

Bi-trayen, v. to betray, PP, Ca ; bi- 
tralde, pt. s. } S. From OF. trair : It. tra~ 
dire ; Lat. tradere. 

Bitter, adj. bitter, MD ; bittur, PP; 
btttere, adv. bitterly, P.— AS. bitor. 

Bitter, sb. bitterness, S2, P. 

Bittnr-browed, adj. having prominent 
brows, PP. See Bitel-browed. 

Bi-turneil, v. to turn ; biturnde bom,, turned themselves about, S2. 

Bi-twenen, prep, between ; bltwine, 
bitwen, betwenen, betuene, S. — AS. be- 

Bi-twix, prep, betwixt, Sa, C2 ; tot. 
twixe, C2; bitwixen, C2 ; betwyx, be- 
tarax, S; bltwex, S; bythulxte, Sa.— 
AS. be-tweox. 

Bi-twi^e, prep, between, MD ; betwe, 
Sa ; bitubhe, S. — AS. be-ttuih, be-twuh. 

Bityl, sb. beetle, NED.— As. bitula. 



Binien, v. to tremble, NED ; bluett, /r. 
s. t S— AS. bifian (beo/ian); OHG. biben, 
see NED. 

Bi-wailen, v. to bewail, lament, Ca ; 
biwsille,MD; Mweile, MD, W ; Uwill- 

Bi-welden, v. refl. to wield oneself, i.e. 
to have full and free use of one's limbs, 
MD ; bywelde, S3 ; bewelde, Palsg.; be- 
weld, to wield, HD. 

Bi-wenden, to turn, MD; Mwente, 
//. s. f turned round, S. 

Bi-wepen, v. to beweep, S, W.— AS. 

Bi-werien f v. to defend, S.— AS. U- 

Bi-winden, v. to wind about, S ; be* 
winden, to enwrap, cover, S ; bewnndem, 
pp., S. — AS. be-windan. 

Bi-winneil, v. to obtain, MD ; blwoa, 

//. S.y S. 

Bi-witen, v. to guard, MD ; bywlte, 
S ; MwUrte, //. s., MD ; biwlsten, //., S. 

Bi-wlappe, v. to wrap round, Wa. 

Bi-wreyen, v. to accuse, to reveal, dis- 
close, C2, C3 ; bywreye, C ; biwrele, S ; 
bewreye, C, S2 ; bewraye, NED. 

Bi^eS, collars, P ; see Bel*. 

Bi-;ete, sb. profit, S, Sa ; offspring, P. 

Bi-;etel, adj. profitable, S. 

Bi-;eten, v. to obtain, possess, beget, 
S ; bi*iten, S; blgat,//. s. S; Mffert, S; 
begsst, S ; bygeten, pp. S2 ; blBetean, tot- 
yete, bl^ite, bi^ute, blffotten, bljoten, S. 
— AS. bi-gitan {bigietan). 

Bi-;onde, prep, beyond, S, Sa, PP ; W- 
;ende, W ; b^unde, P ; blyond, S2 ; be- 
londe, S ; bl^endls, W. 

Blaberen, v. to blabber, to talk idly, 
HD, Prompt. ; blaberde,//. s. t PP. 

Bladder, sb. bladder, MD; Maddre, 
C3; bledder, S3; bleder, Voc. — AS. 
bleed™, OMerc. bledre (OET.) 

Blak, adj. pale, MD; blake, wan, Palsg. 
Phr. : blak and bio, pale and livid, MD, 
NED (s. v. black, 13) — AS. bide. Cf. 

Blak, adj. black, MD.— AS. bloc. 

Blake, sb. smut, black, S; blackness, 

Blake-beryed, sb. blackberrying, i e., 
wandering hither and thither purposely, C3. 

Blanchet, sb. a white powder used as a 
cosmetic, S. — OF. blanchet. 

Blanc-mangere, sb. a kind of cheese- 
cake, PP ; blammanger, PP. 

3 o 


Blank, adj. white, S3.— OF. blanc. 

Blase, sb. blaze, flame, PP.— AS. blase. 

Blasen, v. to blaze, flare, PP ; blasie, 
pr. s. subj.y S ; blesand,/r. /., S3. 

Blasen, v. to blow (with trumpet), to 
proclaim, publish, NED, CM. Cp. OHG. 

Blasen, v. in heraldry to blaze arms, 
i.e. to describe them, MD, S3, Prompt., 
Palsg. ; blase, Cotg. (s. v. blasonner). 

Blasfeme, adj. and sb. blasphemous, 
blasphemer, MD, W. — Lat. blasphemus ; 
Gr. 0\d<y<pt)fios. 

Blanndissen, v. to flatter, H ; blaun- 
dlss, pr. j., H ; blonndisand, pr. /., H. — 
OF. blandir (pr. p. blandisant). 

Blawen ; see Blowon. 

Bledder; see Bladder. 

Blee, sb. colour, complexion, MD, HD ; 
ble, MD, JD; bleo, S, S2 ; bile, JD.— AS. 

BlefS ; see Bileuon. 

Bleike, adj. pale, S, NED; bleyke, 
Prompt.; blayke, NED; bleyk, S3; 
bleke, wan, Palsg. Phr. : blaike and bio, 
pale and livid, NED (s.v. black, 13). — Icel. 
bleikr. Cf. Blak. 

Blenchen, v. to flinch, turn aside, S, P ; 
bleynte, pt. s. y C ; blelnte, NED.— AS. 
blencan, to deceive. 

Blenden, v. to mix together, MD; 
blende,//., S2.— Cp. Icel. blanda. 

Blenden, v. to blind, deceive, MD, 
PP ; blent, pr. s., C3; blente, pt. s., PP ; 
blent,//, blinded, C3, HD.— AS. blendan. 

Blenk, sb. a gleam, blink, glance, S3 ; 
blenkis,//., NED; bUnkes, MD. 

Blenken, v. to glitter, to glance, NED ; 
blynke, to open the eyes, S2; blenkit, 
//. s. f looked, S2 ; blencheden, //., MD. 

Blere, adj. blear, dim, NED. 

Bleren, v. to make dim, to be blear- 
eyed, MD, S2, P ; blered, //. dimmed, S2, 

Blesen, v. to blaze, S3 ; see Blasen. 

Blessen, v. to bless, PP, S ; blessetn 
nlr, pr. s. t crosses herself, C3; bleaced, 
//. S ; bletcnd, consecrated, S ; y-blessed, 
S3* C3, P; i-blessed, S; ibleseede, S; 
iblesset, S2.— AS. Mitsian, bUdsian; 
ONorth. bUedsian (NED); from bttd, 

Blete, adj. bare, exposed, miserable, S, 
MD; Wait, JD; blout, JD.— AS. bliat, 
wretched, miserable ; cp. Icel. Mautr, Du. 
bloot, G. Moss. 


Bleten, v. to bleat, Prompt.; blestest, 
S.— AS. blcttan. 

Blenen ; see Bllenen. 

Blewe, adj. blue, livid, C2, PP ; black, 
MD ; blew, MD.— OF. bleu. See Bio. 

Blewe, sb. blue, MD ; M113, S2. 

Bleynte ; see Blenchen. 

Blinnen, v. to cease, S, S2, C3; see 

Blis, sb. bliss, S.— AS. bliss (=Mtts), 
see Sievers, 202(7). See Blibe. 

Blissien, v. to rejoice, be glad, to glad- 
den, MD ; blissin, S, S2— AS. blissian ( = 
blltfsian). See above. 

Blibe, adj. blithe, cheerful, S, S2 ; 
blybe, S2, C2.— AS. MWe. 

BliSe-liche, adv. gladly, S; bluSe- 
licne, S; bloSelicne, S; blibeli3, S; 
blebely, S2.— AS. bUbelice. 

Bliue, adv. quickly, S, S2 ; see B&- 

Blo, adj. livid, S2, PP; black, MD.— 
Icel. Md(r). See Blewe. 

Blod, sb. blood, S, S2, PP ; blode, dot., 
S2.— AS. M6d. 

Blode, sb. a blood-relation, a person, 
living being, MD, CM ; blod, MD. 

Blok, adj. pale, NED. Phr. blok and 
blo, NED. See Blak. 

Blo-man, sb. negro, MD ; blamon, 
MD; blewe-men, //., MD.— Cp. Icel. 
bld-mafir, negro. See Blo. 

Blome, sb. flower, S2, MD. — Icel. bldm, 
flower, blossom. 

Blosme, sb. blossom, S, PP, Prompt., 
CM ; blostme, S ; blosmen, //., S2 ; 
bloosmes, S3. — AS. bttstma. 

Blosmen, v. to blossom, Wa, Prompt. ; 
blosmed, //. //., P.— AS. bldstmian. 

Blonndisen, v. to flatter, H; see 

Blonndisynge, sb. blandishing, H. 

Blowen, v. to blow, PP ; blawe, S ; 
blon, imp. s. f S ; bloawett,/r. j., S ; bleu, 
//. s., S ; bleowen, //., S ; blawen, //., S2 ; 
blowe, C3. — AS. Mdwan, pt. bltfow, pp. 

Blowen, v. to blow, to bloom, MD; 
i-blowe, pp. S. — AS. blSwan, pt bUow, pp. 

Blnbren, v. to bubble, MD; blubrande, 
pr.p., S2. 
Blnstren, v. to rush about aimlessly, 
NED ; blnstreden, //. //., P. 
Bin), sb. blue, Sa ; see Blewe, 


Blyn-hede, sb. blindness, H. 

Blynke ; sie Blenken. 

Bo- ; see Bon-, Bn-. 

Bobbe, sb. a knock, jerk, jog, S3; 
bobbes,//., S3. 

Bobben, v. to knock, strike, MD. 

BoCCbe, sb. tumour, boil, PP ; botch*, 
Wa, Prompt. ; boohe, CM ; booe, CM.— 
AF. boche, OF. boce, bump. 

Bocher, sb. butcher, Sa, S3, P, C— OF. 

Bocherie, sb. shambles, W, Prompt. — 
OF. boucherie. 

Bod, sb. abiding, waiting, delay, S2. 

Bode, sb. message, command, S, PP; 
bodes,//., S, S2. — AS. {ge)bod t command. 

Boden ; see Beden. 

Bode- word, sb. command, S; bod- 
woTde, message, S2. 

Bodien, v. to announce, S; bodeden,, S.— AS. bodian. 

Body, sb. body, person, PP; bodle, S; 
bodi, S, PP; bodij, S. Phr.\ my ioly 
body, my jolly self, Ca. — AS. bodig. 

Body-half, sb. the front part (of a dress), 

Boile ; see Bule. 

Boistons, adj. boisterous, noisy, S3; 
bonstions, S3 ; bustuns, bnsteons, S3 ; 
buystons, W. 

BoistOTLSly, adv. loudly, Ca. 

Bok, sb. book, S, S2, PP ; boo, S, Sa ; 
boke, P.— AS. bdc ; cp. OHG. buoh (Ta- 

Bokele, sb. buckle, MD ; bokle, MD.— 
OF. bocle. 

Bokeler, sb. buckler, shield, C, G; 
booler, Palsg.— OF. boclcr. 

Boket, sb. bucket, C ; bokett, Prompt 

Bold, adj. fierce, bold, daring, PP, S; 
banld, bawld, S3 ; belde, big, blustering, 
S; bald, Sa; balder, comp. t P.— AS. beald; 
OHG. batd (Otfrid). 

Boldeliche, adv. boldly, S; baldly, 
Sa; boldely, Ca. 

Bolden, v. to make bold, encourage, 
MD ; bolded, pt. s., P ; balde, S.— AS. 

Bole, sb. a kind of clay, C3. Comb. : 
bole armoniak, Armenian clay, C3, NED 
(s. v. ammoniac). — Lat. bolus ; Gr. 0£>\o$, 

Bole, sb. bull, S, C, C3 ; bole, S ; bu- 
lei, //., Sa; bolis,W; boons, W.— Icel. 



Bolle, sb. bowl, S, Sa, C3, P ; a rounded 
seed-vessel, NED (s. v. boll), HD ; boll, 
rounded top (of barley), S3. — AS. bolla. 

Bollen, v. to swell, Sa, PP ; boiled, pp., 
Sa, PP. 

Bollen, pp. swollen, NED ; bollen, W; 
bolne, S3 ; bowlne, S3. 

Bollyng, sb. swelling, P. 

Bolnen, v. to swell, Sa, P, H ; bolned, 
pt. s. y Sa ; bolnyde, Wa; bolnyd, W. 

Bolnyng, sb. swelling, H, W. 

Bolt, sb. arrow, S; bolte, Prompt— AS. 
bolt (Voc.). 

Bollen, v. to puff up, MD ; bolnwetf, 
pr. s. f S. — AS. belgan, pt. bealgipl. bulgon), 
pp. bolgen. 

Bon, sb. bone, PP, Sa ; boon, Wa ; ban, 
S ; banes,//., S, Sa ; bon, S ; boonys,Wa ; 
bannea, Sa. Phr.x to make bones, to 
hesitate, S3. — AS. bdn. 

Bon, //. prepared, Sa ; see Bonn. 

Bonayre, adj. kind, gentle, MD ; bon- 
ere, Ml); bonalr, adv., MD; bonnxe, 
Sa. See Debonnalre. 

Bonayrelyche, adv. reverently, Sa. 

Bonchen, v. to strike, bump, Sa, P; 
see Bnnohen. 

Bond ; see Blnden. 

Bonde, sb. a peasant serf, slave, NED, 
Sa ; //., PP. — AS. bonda, bunda, a house- 
holder ; Icel. Mndi, for bilandi, a tiller of 
the soil. 

Bonde-man, sb. tiller of the soil, NED ; 
bondman, P ; bondemen, pi., Sa, P, G, PP. 

Bone, sb. pain, poison, PP ; see Bane. 

Bone, sb. prayer, petition, S, Sa, C3, G, 
PP ; bon, Sa ; boone, C, G ; bonen, pi., 
S.— Icel. bdn. Cf. Bene. 

Bonen, adj. made of bone, Sa. 

Bonet, sb. additional sail, PP, Cath. — 
OF. bonet, bonnet. 

Bonk, sb. bank, shore, Sa, S3 ; see 

Boo-; see Bo-. 

BOOT, sb. boar, C, Wa ; bare, Sa ; bore, 
S, PP ; bor, Sa, PP ; bores, //., P.— AS. 

Boot, sb. boat, Sa, W, CM ; bet, PP.— 
AS. bdt. 

Boras, sb. borax, C, C3.— OF. boras: 
It. borace ; Arab, boraq. 

Bord, sb. board, table, S, Sa, C, NED ; 
borde, S ; boord, W ; bordes,//., S.— AS. 
bord, plank. Cf. Bred. 



Borgonnen, v. to bud, Sa ; see Bus 
Borne; seeBnrae. 
Bornen, v. to burnish, S3 ; see Bnr- 

Borwe, sb. pledge, surety, Wa, C, Ca, 
G ; borgn, H ; borgbe, P ; borewe, Sa ; 
borwes, pi., sponsors, Sa ; pledges, P. — 
AS. borh. 

Borwen, v. to deliver, to borrow, MD, 
PP, Ca, G ; borewe, Wa ; borowe, NED ; 
borwede,//. s., PP.— AS. borgian. 

Borwynge, sb. borrowing, Prompt.; 

Boske; seeBuscb. 
Bosken ; see Bnsken. 

Boat, sb. boast, noise, MD, C3, PP; 
boost, Ca ; boste, PP ; bostos,//., H. 

Boston, v. to boast, PP ; boost*, NED. 

Bosnm, sb. bosom, S, W (John 13. 33); 
bosem, MD. — AS. bdsm. 

Bote, prep, and conj. without, except, 
unless, but, S, Sa, PP ; bot, CM, Sa ; bute, 
S; butt, S; boute, S, Sa; buten, S; 
baton, S; Comb : bote-;ef, except that, 
unless, Sa, G— AS. be-iiton {biiton). 

Bote, sb. remedy, succour, amendment, 
S, Sa, Ca, G, P ; boote, S3, C, G. Phr. : 
to bote, to advantage, in addition, NED. — 
AS. b6t ; cp. Goth. bota. 

Botelees, adj. without remedy, PP; 
bootelesse, useless, S3 ; botles, Si. 

Botelere, sb. butler, Voc. ; bottler, C ; 
butler, S. 

Botelle, sb. bottle, MD ; botel,CM.— 
OF. boutelle, also botel. 

Boterace, sb. buttress; boteras, 
Prompt.; butteraoe, SkD (p. 789); but- 
teras, pi., SkD ; buttraoe, SkD ; but- 
teraoes, SkD.— ME. boterace for OF. bou~ 
teretSy i. e. (pillars) bearing a thrust, //. of 

Boterace, v. to buttress; butteras, 
Palsg. ; boteraced,//., PP. 

Bothe, adj. both, PP, S ; babe, S, Sa ; 
becfte, S ; betfe, S ; buooe, S2.— Icel. bdtSi, 
both (neut.). 

Botme, sb. bottom, C, C3, Prompt.; 
bobom, a vale, Sa, NED ; bobem, Sa. — AS. 

Botme-les, adj. bottomless, CM. 

Botnen, v. to heal, to recover, MD; 
botened,//. bettered, P. See Bote. 

Botun, sb. button, bud, Prompt., Voc ; 


bothom, MD, CM ; buttonys, //., S3.— 
OF. bouton, button, bud (Cotg.). 

Bonel, sb. bowel, MD ; bouele, Sa. — 
OF. bod (and bode) ; Lat. botdlus. 

Bong e, sb. a leathern bottle or wallet, 
«/;r,W2 (Ps. 77. 13); bowge, Wa, Prompt. 
— OF. bouge 9 budget, leather-case; Low 
Lat. bulga, leathern vessel (Voc). C£. 

Bonhte ; see Bisgen. 

Bonk, sb. the belly, trunk, body, C, JD ; 
bno, S.— AS. btic : Icel. bdkr. 

Bonn, pp. prepared to go, ready to start, 
S3, CM, PP; bon, ready, Sa ; baa, Sa ; 
bown, P, H. — Icel. btiinn, prepared, pp. of 
btia, to get ready, to till ; cp. AS. ge-btin, 
pp. of gebtian; cp. E. bound (said of a 

Bonnen, v. to get ready, to go, also to 
make ready, NED ; bowneth, pr. s., 
NED ; bownd,//. s., prepared himself, got 
ready, S3. 

Boor, sb. bower, chamber, womens' 
chamber, C, G ; bur, dot., S ; boure, S, Sa, 
P ; bowxe, P ; boures, //. sleeping-places, 
S2. — AS. btir, a dwelling. 

Bonrde, sb. jest, PP, C3, G ; board, Sa, 
S3 ; bord, NED.— OF. bourde. 

Bonrden, v. to jest, C3, PP ; borde, 
NED.— OF. bourder. 

Bonrding, sb. jesting, S3. 

Bourdon, sb. pilgrim's staff, CM, HD; 
bordun, Sa, PP ; burdon, S, HD ; bnxdonn, 
P,MD; bordon, MD, PP ; bordoun, HD. 
— OF. bourdon (Cotg.); Low Lat. burdo- 
nem ; see Burdon. 

Bonstions, adj. noisy, S3; see Bols- 

Bon), sb. bough, PP ; bob, S ; boffb, 
Sa ; bowh, PP ; bo^e, dat., S ; boffes,//., 
S; buges, S; bughes, Sa; bowls, S3; 
bewys, S3 ; bowes, PP, S3 ; boowes, C ; 
boje, dat., S— AS. %•, b6h t Icel. Mgr, 
shoulder, bow of a ship ; cp. Gr. v&xys. 

Bowe, sb. bow, Wa, PP ; bouwe, Wa ; 
bowes,//., PP ; boys, S3 —AS. boga. 

Bowe-lyne, sb. bowline, MD ; bawe- 
lyne, Sa. 

Bowen, v. to bow, bend, submit, to 
direct one's course, turn away, PP, Sa, Ca, 
W ; bouwe, Wa, PP ; boghen, Sa, H ; 
buwen, S ; bujen, S ; buben, S ; bugen, 
S ; beien, S ; bowande, pr. p. obedient, 
Sa ; bues, pr. s., Sa.— AS. biigan. 

Boydekyn, sb. poniard, bodkin, NED, 


Prompt; bodekyn, Prompt; boydekin*, 
//., Ca. 

Boyste, sb. box, PP, Prompt., Cath. ; 
boyst, MD; boirt, C3.— OF. boiste (F. 

Bo^te ; see Big? en. 

Brae, sb. a crashing sound, fragor; 
brace, outcry, S.— Icel. brak\ cp. AS. 

Brace, sb. couple of hounds, Prompt. — 
OF. brace, the two arms, a grasp; Lat. 
brachia, pi. 

Bracer, sb. a guard for the left arm in 
archery, C; braser, Voc. See Ascham, 
Toxophilus, ed. Arber, p. 108. 

Brade, sb. roast flesh, S; brede, S. — 
— AS. brade. 

Bradit ; see Brayden. 

Brak ; see Breken. 

Brand f sb. brand, firebrand, sword, MD ; 
brond, brand, S2, C ; bronde*, //., S ; 
brands, i. e. fire-side, S2 ; brondls, torches, 
W.— AS. brand {brond). 

Brant, adj. steep, high, MD, HD; 
brent, JD; brentest, super/., S2.— AS. 
brant \bront) ; cp. Swed. brant, Icel. brattr. 

Bras, sb. brass, C2; bres, S; breas, 
S.— AS. bras. 

Brasten; seeBreaten. 

Bratfal; seeBretfal. 

BraS, sb. violence, MD ; brabbe, dat., 
S. — Cp. Icel. brdd. See Bro$. 

Braun, sb. brawn, CM; boar's flesh, 
PP; brawnes, pi, muscles, C2. — OF. 
braon, Prov. bradon (brazori)*, Low Lat. 
bradonem ; see Ducange. 

Brayde, sb. a quick movement, a start, 
a whife, moment, MD, CM ; braid, S3 ; 
brayde*, pi. grimaces, S2 ; breides, cun- 
ning tricks, MD. Phr. : at a brayde, in a 
moment, S2. — Icel. bragd, quick movement. 

Brayden, v. to draw, pull, to draw away 
quickly, to twist, braid, to start, to move 
quickly, hasten (intr.), to wake up, MD, 
Prompt, S2,CM; breyde, CM,C2 ; breide, 
W2 ; breyde, //. s., PP, CM, C2, C3 ; 
brayde, MD ; bradit, S3 ; broiden, pp., 
MD ; broydyn, laqueatus, Prompt. ; bray- 
den, MD ; browden, MD, JD ; browded, 
C, HD ; brouded, C2 ; broyded, WW ; 
brayded, MD. — AS. bregdan, pt bragd 
(pi. brugdon), pp. brogden. 

Brea-; seeBre-. 

Bred, sb. bread, S, PP ; breed, C2, W2 ; 
brad, S ; bread, S ; brad, S ; brede, S2 ; 
breade, dot., S.— O.North. briad. 



Bred, sb. board, tablet, MD, S (s.v.wax) ; 
brede, Prompt. — AS. bred. 

Bred-ale, sb. bride-feast, S ; see Bryd- 

Brede, sb. bride, PP ; see Bryde. 

Brede, sb. roast-flesh, S ; see Brade. 

Brede, sb. breadth, S, S2, S3, C2, H ; 
breede, C, W2. Phr.: on breid, on 
breadth, abroad, S3 ; did on breid, did a- 
broad, unfolded, S3. — AS. br<kdu. 

Breden, v. to spread, S, Prompt. — AS. 

Breden, v. to roast, MD ; bret, pr. s., 
S. — AS. br<kdan. 

Breden, v. to breed, to produce, to be 
produced. MD, PP ; bredden,, PP; 
i-bred, pp., S. — AS. bridan, to nourish. 
See Brode. 

Bred-gnme ; see Brydegome. 

Bred-wrigte, sb. bread-wright, baker, 
S. See Bred. 

Breech, sb. pi breeches, drawers, C2, 
C3 ; breoh, S ; breone, PP ; brek, Voc. 
— AS. brie, pi. of br6c ; cp. Icel. brakr, pL 

Breed ; see Bred. 

Breels, sb. pi wretches, HD, MD (p. 

Breken, v. to break, S, S2, PP ; breoken, 
S ; brectf, pr. s , S ; brae, pt. s. } S ; brek, 
S; breo, S2; brak, S2, PP; breken,//., 
S; y-broke, pp., S2; ibroke, S2— AS. 
brecan, pt. brae (pi. bracon), pp. brocen. 

Brelc-glirdel, sb. a breech-girdle, MD ; 
brekgyrdylle, lumbare, Voc. ; breeh- 
gerdel, MD ; brelfflrdel, MD ; briglrdll, 
MD ; brygyrdyll, Prompt. ; breigerdlis, 
pi, purses, PP. See Breech. 

Breme, sb. bream, Prompt. ; brem, C. 
—OF. bresme (F. breme) ; OHG. brahsema. 

Breme, adj. fierce, angry, S, S2, S3, H, 
PP ; brem, S2 ; breme, adv., S2 ; breeme, 
C— AS. brime, famous, noble. 

Bremely,^^- fiercely, furiously, loudly, 
S2 ; bremiy, S2. 

Bremstoon ; see Brynston. 

Bren, sb. bran, S2, C, P.— OF. bren (F r 

Brene ; see Bmne. 

Brenke ; see Brink. 

Brennen, v. to burn, S2, S3, C, C2, 
PP, W; bren, S2 ; brinnen, S, S2 ; 
brende,//. s. s S, S2, C2 ; brent, S2 ; bren- 
don, //., S; brenneden, W; brende, 
brenned, brend, S2 ; brende, C ; bren- 
ten, Wa; brend, pp., S, S2, C; brent, 



Ca, S3, W; y-brend, C3; y-brent, C— 
Icel. brenna; cp. Goth, brinnan. Cf. 

Brenningly, adv. ardently, fiercely, C. 

Brent, adj. steep, high, Sa, JD ; see 

Breo- ; see Br*-. 

Brerd, sb. brim, margin, surface, top, S3, 
MD; brurd, MD; brerde, MD— AS. 
brerd, brim, top of a vessel, shore ; cp. 
OHG. brort, also Icel. broddr, the front. 

Brerd-fal, adv. brimful, MD ; brurd- 
ful, S2. Cf. BretfuL 

Brere, sb. briar, S3, Wa; brer, S3; 
breres, //., S, S3, C ; breria, W.— AS. 
brer, also br<kre, pL (OET). 

Bres; seeBzw. 

Bresil, adj. brittle, H ; see Brisel. 

Brest, sb. breast, C; breoat, MD; 
breast, voice, S3; breete, PP; bryst, 
MD.— AS. briost. 

Bresten, v. to burst, S2, Ca, W, MD ; 
brasten, S3, MD ; bersten, S, C ; bract, 
//./., C3, PP; bartrte, P; braete, //., 
C3, Sa ; brest, S3 ; brusten, pp., damaged, 
hurt severely, Sa, MD. — Icel. bresta, pt. 
brast, pp. brostinn ; cp. AS. berstan. 

Bretfttl, adj. brimful, S3, C, PP, HD ; 
bratftO, Sa, PP ; bredfnl, PP. Cp. Swed. 
brdddful. See Brerdrol. 

BreV, sb. breath, vapour, voice, word, 
MD, PP, CM ; breSe, dat., S.— AS. br<&. 

Brethe, sb. anger, wrath, H ; broth, H. 
— Icel. bratii, anger, from brddr, hasty. 
See Brett. 

Brethir ; see Brotier. 

Brenet, sb. brief, letter of indulgence, P ; 
breuettea, pi., P. — Late Lat. breve turn. 

Brewen, v. to brew, MD ; brew,//, s. 
contrived, Ca, PP; break, Sa, PP.— AS. 
briowan, pt. briaw, pp. browen. 

Brewestere, brewster, P; brenatera, 
pL ale-wives, female-brewers, Sa, PP. 

Breyden ; see Brayden. 

Brid, sb. a young bird, PP, Ca, C3, W ; 
bridd,S; brldde,PP; bred,PP; bredde, 
PP ; bord, MD ; bird, MD ; briddea,//., 
Sa, C; bryddes, Sa ; brlddla, W, H; 
blxds, S3 (36. 1 1 50).— AS. bridd. 

Brigge, sb. bridge, PP, S, CM ; brume, 
PP; breffge, MD; bryffffe, pp ; brig-, 
Sa. — AS. brycg\ cp. Icel. bryggja. 

Briggen, v. to bridge, S. 

Brike, sb. calamity, Ca ; see Sryk. 

Bringen, v. to bring, S ; brofcfce,//. s. } 


S ; broefcte, S ; brou$te, Sa ; bronkte, 
S ; bro*te, S, Sa ; brogkt, pi., Sa ; brobt, 
bp. Sa ; brog-kt, Sa ; broujt, Sa ; ibrpjt, 
Sa ; y-bro3t, Sa ; y-brongkt, C ; ibrokt, 
S ; ibroiLht, Sa ; ibroekt, S. 

Brink, sb. brink, margin, MD ; brenke, 
dat., W ; brynke, MD.— Cp. Swed. brink, 
Icel. brekka. 

Brinnen ; see Brennen. 

Brisel, adj. brittle, H; bresil, H; 
brieaai, JD. See below. 

Brisen, v. to crush, MD ; briaae, MD ; 
bresen,MD; briaid,//., W. 

BrisoMs, wild cabbage, H. 

Britel, adj. brittle, fragile, MD ; britU, 
Sa, W ; brutel, MD ; brutil, CM ; brotel, 
MD. — From base of AS. bruton, pt pi. of 
brSotan, to break. 

Britnen, v. to break, break up, MD ; 
bruttenet, pp. destroyed, slain, Sa ; bre- 
tynyd, HD. — AS. brytnian, to distribute, 

Britoner, sb. a man of Brittany, a 
Frenchman, P ; Brytonere, P ; see Mru- 

Bri}t, adj. bright, S, PP ; brickt, S ; 
brict, S ; brikt, S ; brigt, S ; brykt, Sa ; 
bry;t, Sa ; briktre, comp., S ; bri^ter, 
S ; brictest, super I., S. — AS. beorht. 

Brigte, adv. brightly, MD; brygfcte, 

Bri;tneS8e, sb. brightness, Wa; brlobt- 
neaae, S ; briktneaae, S ; brictneaae, 
S. — AS. beorhtnes. 

Brocage, a treaty by an agent, PP ; 
brokagea, pi., P. — OF. brocage, l exprime 
Tid^e de ruse et de perfidie ' (Godefroy). 

Broche, sb. brooch, match, spear, spit, 
MD ; brouck, Sa ; brock, C ; brookee, 
pi., Ca, PP.— OF. broche. 

Brochen, v. to spur, pierce through, 
put on the spit, broach a cask, MD ; broek- 
ede, //. x., Sa, PP.— OF. brocher, Prov. 

Brocket, sb. a stag in its second or third 
year, HD, MD, Cotg. ; broket, MD ; brok- 
kettie,//., S3.— Cp. OF. brocart (Cotg.). 

Brocour, sb. broker, P ; brokonr, P.— 
AF. abrocour ; Low Lat. abrocatorem (Du- 
cange), from abrocare, to broach a cask, 
from broca. See Brooke. 

Brod, adj. broad, S, Sa, PP ; brood, C ; 
braid, S3 ; brode, C, PP ; toade, S, Sa, 
H ; broddeste, super I., Wa.— AS. brdd. 

Brode, adv. broadly, wide awake, C3; 
widely, PP; bsroode, broadly, plainly, C. 


Brode 9 sb. brood, S, Prompt— Cp. 
OHG. bruot (Weigand). 

Broiden ; see Brayden. 

Brok, sb. brock, badger, Prompt. ; broc, 
W ; brookea, //., P ; brokky*, PP.— AS. 
£«* ; Olr. brocc. 

Brok, **. brook, PP ; broke, P.— AS. 

Broly ^. a brat, child, MD, S3, PP; 
broUe, P ; brawl, ND. — Cp. Low 
Lat. brollus, 'miserculus' (Prompt, p. 

Brpad ; see Brand. 

BroS, adj. violent, MD ; brab, MD ; 
braltb, JD.— Icel. brdtSr. CI Bra*. 

Brotefol, adj. violent, MD ; braithrtO, 

Brothel, sb. a wretch, PP, MD, HD; 
brothell, Palsg. 

Brofoliche, adv. violently, MD; 
bxopeiy, hastily, quickly, Sa; braitUy, 

Brooer, sb. brother, PP; gen. s., Ca; 
broSere,//., S ; bretSere, S; bretnix, S3 ; 
brcftre, S; brf&ere, S; bretneren, C2, 
PP.— AS. bntoor. 

Bro8er-hed» sb. brotherhood, MD; 
bretherhade, C ; britberliad, W ; brither- 

BroVer-rede, sb. fraternity, MD (p. 
354). — AS. br69orr<kden. 

Brouded,//. braided, Ca ; see Brayden. 

Broudsttr, ^. embroiderer, JD. 

Brpudyng, ^. embroidery; browdyn* , 
C, CM. 

Bronfcen, v. to use, enjoy, eat PP, C, 
G; broken, S; breken, S; brooke, to 
endure, S3 ; brae, imp. s. use, S ; ibroken, 
pp., S. — AS. bnkam, pt briac (pi. brucon), 
pp. brocm. 

Broun, adj. brown, C, PP; bran, & 
brown horn, S.— AS. jbrtln. 

Brn-; see Bry-, Brt-, Brou- # 

BriUfffo; see Brlgge. 

SriST **• locust^ br*chuj\ Wa, H; 
brnykTH. — Gr. ppovxos, Ppovtcos. 

BmiM» **. burning, S, MD ; brame, Sa. 
—AS. &j«*. 

Bruit, -tf. corslet, coat of mail* $ ; 
brinie, MD ; brlni, HD, MD; bnrne, 
MD ; toy*****, pi., S ; brenyes, HD.— 
Icel. brynjai Goth, brtmjo ; cp. AS. ^yrai. 

Bmrd; seeBrerd. 

Brusttn; see Breatam. 

Brut, /£. Briton ; Brunei //., S. 



Bratayno, sb. Brittany, S2. 

Bmtil; seeBritel. 

Brutiner, sb. a man of Brittany, a 
Frenchman, a swaggerer, PP ; Brytonere, 
P ; Brltoner, P. 

Brntnen, v. to hew in pieces, MD; 
brattenet,^. slain, Sa ; see Britnen. 

Bryohe, adj. reduced, poor, Sa.— AS. 
bryce, frail. 

Brjd-ale, sb. marriage-feast, MD ; brl- 
dale, P, W; bredale, S; brnydale, P; 
bradale, S.— AS. brjd-ealo, a bride-ale, 

Bryde, sb. bride, domiduca, Voc., PP ; 
bred*, PP ; brnyd, CM ; bred, MD, S ; 
brid, MD. — AS. brjdx OS. bnid; cp. 
OHG. brtU (Otfrid). 

Bryde-gome, sb. bridegroom, MD ; 
bredffume, S; Undertime, MD. — AS. 
bridguma (bredgumd) ; cp. OHG. bniti- 
gomo (Otfrid). 

Bryk, sb. misery, calamity, MD ; brike, 
Ca ; bracne, injury, MD. — AS. bryce. 

BrjUyn ; see Blrlen. 

Brrmme, sb. margin, shore, S, MD. — 
AS. brim, surf, the sea ; cp. Icel. brim. 

BryB-*ton, sb. sulphur, Voc, PP, Sa ; 
brymerton, Wa ; breaurtoon, C, PP; 
brimstoon, C3 ; bwn#tan, H.— Cp. IceL 

Brjstylle, sb. bristle, Prompt, Voc. ; 
berstU*,//., C— From AS. byrst: OHG. 

BryttlysffO, sb. breaking up, S3. Set 

Bm-; see Bon-, Bo-. 

Budelt, sb. beadle, officer, PP ; tmdelea, 
//., S; beodelee, Sa.— AS. by<Ul\ cp. 
OHG. butil. Cf. BedeL 

Bw,BuB; see Ben. 

Buggeu, v, to buy, S, Sa, PP; see 

Bugle, sb. wild ox, Sa, Prompt ; bnflll, 
S3; bowgle, S3; bugle, buffalo-hom, 
bugle, MD.— OF. bugle ; Lat. bucutum 

Builan, V. to boil, Sa ; buyUtA, pr. #., 
Wa ; buylyn*, pr. p., PP ; buyliden, pt. 
pi., Wa.— OF. builhr; Lat. bullire. 

Bnle 9 sb. boil, PP ; WUs, pi., W ; byle*. 
PP ; boUmi, PP.— AS. tyf; cp. G. beuU 

Bolt; *ee BoU. 

Bnlle. ^ bull, papal rescript, P; bill*, 
PP ; petition, PP ; bylle, PP.— ULfiuj/a, 
D 2 



boss, stud, hence Late Lat. bulla, seal, 
document with seal ; see Ducange. 

Bulten, v. to boult, sift, C, Prompt. ; 
boulte, Palsg.; bultedd, pp., S.— OF. 
buleter, bureter, to sift through coarse 
cloth, from bure, coarse cloth; Late Lat. 
burra ; see Ducange (s.v. buratare), 

Bult-pele, sb. a sifter, Voc. 

Bnmbase, v. to quilt with bombast, 
i. e. cotton wadding, Florio (p. 234a) ; 
bombast, pr. pi., S3. — From Milanese 
bombds ; Low Lat. bombacem, cotton ; from 
Gr. 06fi0v£. 

Bnmmen, v. to taste, take a draught, 
MD ; bununede, pt. s. tasted, S2, P. 

Bun, pp. prepared, S2, MD ; see Bonn. 

Bnnchen, v. to strike, MD, Prompt.; 
bonehede, pt. s., S2 ; bonebed, P. 

Bunden; seeBinden. 

Bur, sb. wind, storm, force, impetus, 
MD ; blr, MD ; birr, HD ; blre, dot., 
W, MD; birre, W; byrre, HD.— Icel. 
byrr, wind, storm. 

Bur, sb. the broad ring of iron behind 
the place for the hand on a tilting-spear, 
S3 ; burr, HD. 

Bnrde, sb. maiden, virgin, lady, S, S2, 
PP ; birde, P ; berde, PP ; bulrde, PP ; 
buyrde, S2, PP ; see Bryde. 

Burden, sb. burden, Manip. ; see Bur- 

Burdenous, adj. burdensome, S3. 

Bnrdon, sb. mule ; burdones, pi., MD ; 
burdowns, MD. — Lat. burdonem (Vulg.). 

Burdoun, sb. droning sound, bass, MD, 
C. — OF. bourdon, a drone, the humming 
of bees, the drone of a bag-pipe (Cotg.). 

Bureth, v. it behoves, MD ; birrp, 
pr. s. t S ; burtn, MD ; birs, MD ; bers, 
MD ; birrde, pt. s. t S ; bird, S2, MD ; 
burd, MD.- AS. ge-byrian\ cp. OHG. 
gi-burren, to happen (Otfrid). 

Burgage, sb. an estate held of a lord of 
a borough ; burgages, pi., P ; borgages, 
PP. — Low Lat. burgagium ; OF. bourgage 

Burgeis, sb. burgess, MD ; burgeys, 
C, CM ; burgeis, //., S2, P ; burgeyses, 
P. — OF. burgeis ; Low Lat. burgensis. 

Burgh, sb. borough, town, fortress, 
shelter, MD ; burgbe, PP, CM ; borgbe, 
PP ; borw, PP ; borugb, PP ; borowe, 
PP; born, S; burob, S ; burb, S ; buren, 
MD, S; blrl, MD, S; berle, S; borw;, 
S2; borwes, //., PP, MD.— AS. burh; 
gen. byrig. 


Bnriel, sb. tomb, S2; buryel, Si; 
biriel, W ; biryol, S2 ; buriels, pi. the 
Catacombs, C3 ; biriels, W2; birlells, 
W.— AS. byrgels. 

Bnrien, v. to bury, MD, S, PP ; blrlen, 
MD, W2 ; berlen, C3 ; bery, MD, C3 ; 
byrien, S; i-burred,//., S2. — AS. byrigan. 

Bnrien, sb. grave, MD; berlen, S.— : 
AS. byrgen. 

Bnrinisse, sb. burial-place, MD; 
berynes, H. — AS. byrignes. 

Bnrjonn, sb. burgeon, bud, MD ; bur- 
ioynTH ; burgon, HD ; burgionys, pi., 
S3 ; burioyns, H.— OF. borjon, in Cotg. 

Bnrjonnen, v. to bud, MD ; buriowne, 
W2 ; burgionys, pr. s., S3 ; borgoune;, 
pr. pi., S2 ; burlone]?, PP ; burlonand, 
pr. p., H ; burlownynge, W. 

Bnrn, sb. man, S2, HD ; burne, Sa ; 
see Bern. 

Burne, sb. spring of water, MD, S ; 
bourne, S2 ; borne, S2 ; burn, stream, Sa. 
— AS. burna. 

Burnen, v. to burnish, MD ; burned, 
pp., C ; borned, S3.— OF. brunir, to bur- 
nish, polish, to make brown (Cotg.). See 
SkD. p. 789. 

Burnet, adj. brown, S3.— OF. brunet, 
brownish (Cotg.). 

Burnet, sb. cloth of brown colour, CM, 
MD.— OF. brunette (Cotg.) ; cp. Low Lat. 

BurSene, sb. burden, MD ; blrtbln, 
W ; blrtbun, W2 ; burden, Manip.— AS. 

Busch, sb. bush, wood, W, W2, MD ; 
buyscn, W ; busk, the head or tuft of a 
stalk of wheat, S ; bush, S2, MD ; boske, 
S2 ; boskes,//., S2. 

Buschement, sb. ambush, MD ; bus- 
sbement, S3. Cp. OF. en-buschement, an 
ambuscade NED, (s.v. ambushment). 

Busken, v. to prepare oneself, to get 
ready, to go, to hasten, to prepare, dress, 
MD, H, S2, P ; buseben, S2 ; bosken, Sa. 
Icel. biiask (reflex.), to get oneself ready. 

BusMnge, sb. equipment, dress, MD, 
S3 ; bosklng, MD. 

Busteous, adj. noisy, S3 ; buystous, 
W ; see Bolstous. 

Busy, adj. busy, MD ; bisl, S, W2 ; 
blsie, S; blsy, C2, P; besy, C— AS. 

Busyen, v. to busy, occupare, MD ; 
C3, S2, W. 


Bnsynesse, sb. business, activity, care, 
industry, MD, C, C3; toUdnesse, C3 ; 
bevynesve, S3 ; bevynes, H; bieyneaeee, 
//., Wa. 

Bu}> ; see Ben, 

Bn]> ; see Bigffen. 

Buuen f /r#. and <wfo. above, S ; tonne, 
S ; bone, MD ; bnfon, S. — AS. be-ufan. 

Bunm, adj. obedient, ready, willing, 
courteous, PP ; boxnm, S2, PP ; buxom, 
CM ; buhrnm, S. See Bowen. 



Bnxninliclie, adv. obediently, PP ;_ 
boxumly, S2 ; bnxomly, Ca. 

Burannesse, sb. obedience, PP; 
bnxomnes, P ; boxmnnes, S3. 

By-, prefix. See BU words. 

By, Bi, prep, by, at, according to, S, Sa, 
with regard to, PP, S, Sa, S3 ; toie, S ; toe 
S, Sa . Phr. : toy and toy, adv. immediately, 
S3 ; in order, separately, C, Prompt., MD. 

By, v. to dwell, build, Ca ; see Biff gen. 

BygUyng, sb. building, Sa. 

By ?e; see Bel*. 


C- ; see also under X. 

Caas, sb. case, circumstance, chance, C ; 
kas, Sa ; earn, S3; caa, Sa, Ca.— AF. cos ; 
Lat. casum (ace.), a fall, from cade re, to 

Caas, sb. case, quiver, C ; see Casse. 

Caban, sb. hut, small room, MD, PP ; 
cabin, MD. — OF. cabane\ cp. Low Lat. 
cdbanna, capanna ; see Brachet. 

Cabine, sb. a shed made of boughs, 
Cotg. (s. v. cabane) ; cabin, small enclosed 
place, Sh. 

Cabinet, sb. small shed, arbour, S3.— 
OF. cabinet, an arbour in a garden, Cotg. ; 
cp. It cabinetto (Florio). 

Cacchen, v. to catch, to chase, MD, 
C3, P; katohen, MD; keochen, MD; 
chaoohe, Sa ; chacen, MD ; chart, MD ; 
eancht, S3; cacce«,/r. s., Sa; cahte,//. 
s., MD ; ca}te, Sa ; oanghte, Ca ; oan^t, 
MD; conght,MD; caght,MD; eahten, 
//., MD; keijt, MD; caht, pp. MD ; 
kan?t, Wa. — OF. cockier, coder (also cha- 
rier, chasser) ; Late Lat. captiare, from Lat. 
captare, freq. of caper e, to take, to hold ; see 

Cache-pol, sb. a tax-gatherer, constable, 
bailiff, MD, PP; eahohpoUe, Prompt.; 
catchepollis,//., W.— AF. cacchepole, OF. 
chacepol, chasHpole ; cp. Low Lat. cachepol- 
lus, cacepollus, chacepollus, chassipullus. 
The form cacepollus is met with in the 
Leges Ethelredi, see Schmid and Ducange. 
The word probably meant at first the 
officer who collected from the tenant the 
fowls {pullos) paid as rent 

Cacherel, sb. an inferior officer of jus- 
tice, MD ; kachereles, pi., Sa.— OF. ca- 
cherel", cp. Low Lat cacherellus. 

Ceese ; see Chese. 

Ceeste, sb. dot. chest, S ; see Chest. 

Caf, sb. chaff, H ; see Chat 

Caitif, adj. and sb. captive, miserable 
wretch, MD, W, C3, H ; eaytdf, Ca ; cay- 
tine, P ; caitifes, pi., S3 ; caytines, S3 ; 
kaytefes, Sa. — AF. caitif \ Prov. captiu; 
Lat. captiuum (ace); see Brachet (s.v. 

Caitifte, sb. wretchedness, Sa, W, Wa, 
H; cayteffce, Sa. — OF. caitivete; Lat. 

Calabre, sb. Calabrian fur, P, Sa (p. 
aoo); NQ. (5. ia. 333); calabere, P («). 
Comb. : calaber amyse, a person wearing 
an amice trimmed with calabre, P (»). 

Cald ; see Cold. 

Calengen, v. to accuse, to charge, W3 ; 
see Chalengen. 

Calewe, adj. bald, without hair, MD, 
S3. — AS. calwo-, -stem of calu ; cp. OHG. 
chalo (gen. chdlawes), and Lat. caluus. 

Caliz, sb. chalice, S,MD, SkD; chalis, 
MD ; chalys, Voc. ; calioe, dat. S, SkD. 
— OF. caliz ; Lat. calix ; also OF. calice ; 
Lat. calicem. 

Calle, sb. a caul, net for the hair (worn 
by women), MD, CM, SkD (s. v. caul). 

Callen, v. to call, S, C3 ; kalle, MD, 
S3.— AS. ceallian; cp. Icel. kalla. 

Callonr, adj. cool, fresh, healthy, JD, 
S3 ; caller, JD; canler, JD. 

Calme, adj. calm, MD. — OF. calme 
(Cotg.), It. calma (Florio) ; Low Lat. cau- 
ma, heat (Vulg.) ; Gr. leavfia. 

Calmen, v. to become calm, MD ; caw- 
myt, pp., S3. — OF. calmer, to quiet. 

Cal-stocke, sb., cabbage-stalk, S3 ; caL- 




■tok, Voc; oabrtoke, Palsg.; 
JD ; custoc, JD. See Cole. 

Camamelle, sb. camomile, Voc. ; oa- 
memillo, Voc. ; oamamyle, Prompt. ; 
oammamyll, Palsg.; c&momylle, MD; 
OMMnamyM, S3; camamy, Voc. — Late 
Lat. camamilla ; Gr. x a /""7"?*°»'- 

Camel, sb. camel, MD; camelle, 
Prompt. ; oamaille, Ca ; okamelle, 
Prompt.; onamayle, MD. — OF. camel; 
Lat. catnelum (ace.) ; Gr. KdfirjXos ; Heb. 

Cameline, sb. camlet, MD. — OF. came- 
line ; Low Lat. camelinum. 

Camelot, sb. camlet, SkD ; onamelot, 
S3 ; chainlet, Cotg.— OF. camelot (Cotg.) ; 
cp. Low Lat. camelotum. 

Cammamyld, sb. camomile, S3; see 

Camp, sb. contest, MD; comp, S; 
kemp, JD ; kampe, dot., MD. — AS. camp 
{camp) ; cp. Icel. kapp. 

Campe, adj. See ttempe. 

Campen, v. to contend, contest, esp. at 
foot-ball, MD, Prompt. — AS. campian. 

Oampynge, sb. pedipiludium, game of 
foot-ball, Prompt. 

Can, pr. s. can, knows, S, S2. Phr. : 
can pane, S ; see Knnnen. 

Canceler, sb. chancellor, S ; see Chaun- 

Candel, sb. candle, MD; kandel, S; 
eandlen, pi, S2.— AS. candel {condel) ; Lat 
candela ; cp. Icel. kyndill, candle, torch. 

Candel-messe, sb. Candlemass, MD ; 
oandeL-masse, dat., S, S2. — Cp. Icel. kyn- 
dill-messa, in Church Lat. candelaria, the 
feast of the Purification. 

Canelle, sb. cinnamon, Sa, Voc, Cath. 
(»); oanylle, Cath.; canel,W, W2.— AF. 
canelle ; Late Lat. cane I la, cinnamon, also, 
a reed (Ducange), from Lat. canna. See 

Canevas, sb. canvas, C3 ; canvas, Voc. ; 
eanwas, Voc. — AF. canevas, canevace\ 
Late Lat. canabacius, hempen cloth ; from 
OF. canve (F. ckanvre), hemp; Late Lat. 
cannabum 9 Lat. cannabis ; Gr. /cavva&is. 

Cang, adj. foolish, lustful, MD ; canges, 
sb. gen., fool's, S; kange*,//., MD. See 
PP ; Notes, (p. 241). 

Cangen, v. to befool, MD. 

Cang-liche, adv. foolishly, MD. 

Cang-Schipe, sb. foolishness, MD. 

Canker, sb. cancer, a disease, MD, W ; 


oankyr, Voc. ; oanketfe, Voc. — Lat. cancer, 
crab, an eating tumour, also, in pi. cancri, 

Cankerd, //. corrupted, S3. 

Canne, sb. cane, reed, MD ; came, Voc — 
Lat canna ; Gr. K&vva, k6vvtj, cane, reed ; 
Heb. qaneh. 

Canne, sb. can, MD, W; cane, Voc. 
Cp. Late Lat. canna, a measure for liquids ; 
see Weigand (s.v. Kanne). 

Canon, sb. a rule, MD, PP; canoun, 
MD; canon-law, PP. — Lat. canon; Gr. 
kclv&v, a rule, standard, from K&rrj, xdwrj, a 
cane, reed. See Canne. 

Canonisen, v. to admit into the canon 
of the Mass, to canonize, MD ; to conse- 
crate, admit to the dignity of the papacy, 
MD. — Late Lat. canonizare. 

Canonistres, sb. pi. men skilled in 
canon-law or ecclesiastical law, PP. — OF. 
canoniste ; Late Lat. canonista. 

Canoun, sb. a canon of a chapter, MD ; 
kamut, S; cnanora, S, Voc, C& G; 
cnanon, C3. — OF. canone, canoine {dia- 
mine) ; Church Lat. canonicum (ace.) one 
on the church-roll or list {canon). 

Cant, adj. lively, brave, cheerful, MD, 

Cant, sb. a portion, S3; corner, SkD, 
ND. — OF. cant; cp. It. canto, corner (Flo- 

Cantel, sb. edge, piece, bit, MD, C, 
Prompt., Palsg.; kantel, MD ; eantle, Sh., 
ND.— OF. cantel (F. chanteau). - 

Capercailye, sb. capercailyie, JD.— 
Ir. capull-coille, lit., the horse of the forest. 
See Capnl. 

Capitain, sb. captain, C2 ; capitayne, 
S3. — OF. capitain ; Late Lat. capitaneum 
(ace.) captain, from Lat. caput. — Cf.Gneue- 

Capitle, sb. the sum, the chief point, W ; 
see Cnapitre. 

Cappe, sb. cap, MD ; keppen,//., S. 

Capret, sb. a wild goat, W2 ; capretU, 
pi., W2. — Late Lat. capretus ; cp. F. chev- 

Capnl, sb. horse, nag, MD., Prompt, 
PP, HD; capil,MD; oapel, C3 ; caple, 
MD, PP, HD.— Icel. kapall; Lat caballus; 
cp. Ir. capull, Wei. ceffyl. 

Caracter, sb. a mark, sign, character, 
W; eareeter, W; oarracte, Palsg.; 
oareete, PP; oareet, W; oaraotes, //., 
HD; carectee, PP.— Lat. character; Gr. 


Xapajcrrjp, an engraved mark; cp. Prov. 

Carayne, sb. carrion, S2 ; see Caroiffme. 

Carboncle, sb. a precious stone, MD ; 
eaxtookyl, Voc. ; charbcracle, MD ; char- 
bucle, MD; okarbocle, C2.— OF. car- 
buncle {carboucle, charboucle) ; Lat. carbun- 
culutn (ace). 

Caarde, sb. teasel, Prompt. ;— OF. carde ; 
Late Lat. cardum (ace), from Lat. carduus, 

Carden, v. to card wool, MD, Prompt., 
S3. — OF. carder, It. cardare (Florio). 

Cardiacle, sb. pain about the heart, PP, 
Cath. (*.), C3 ; cardyacle, Prompt. ; car- 
dlakylle, Cath., Voc. ; eardiake, Cath.— 
OF. cardiaque, a malady of the heart 
(Cotg.) ; Late Lat. cardiaca, • cordis passio '; 
Gr. /captiioKos, from /cap&ia, the heart. For 
the intrusion of / see Cronique. 

Care, sb. grief, S, C3, G; cayr, S3; 
kare, S2. — AS. cearu: OS. kara; cp. 
OHG. chara. 

Care-fall, adj. fall of grief, S3, C ; kar- 
fttl, S2 ; c&refolllch, adv. anxiously, P ; 
earfnli, S2. 

Caren, v. to be anxious, MD ; kartell, 
S; cared, pt. s. % G;pl., P. — AS. cearian. 

Carf,//. s. cut, C2 ; see Xeruen. 

Carited, ^. charity, S ; see Charitee. 

Cark, Carke ; see Charge. 

Carl, J& a man, rusticus, colonus, mart- 
tus, MD, C3.— Icel. yfor/; cp. OHG. karl 

Carl-man, x^. a man ; carman, MD ; 
caremane, MD; carlmen, pi., S.— Icel. 
karlmaUr {karmaSr), a man, male. 

Carme, sb. a Carmelite friar ; karmes, 
//., S3.— OF. Carme (Bartsch); from 
Church Lat. Carme/us ; Heb. Carme/, l cul- 
tivated land.' 

Caroigne, sb. carrion, MD, PP, C; 
earoyne, MD, PP ; caroin, S2 ; eareyne, 
MD, PP ; careyn, W2 ; carayne, MD, 
S2 ; caraing, MD ; karyun, H ; carton, 
MD ; earen, MD ; karya, MD ; oareyns, 
//. W. — OF. caroigne (F. charogne) ; cp. It. 
carogna ; from Lat. caro, flesh. See Crone. 

Carole, sb. a round dance, singing, MD ; 
karole, a chain, MD ; carries, pi, C ; 
earoUes, MD.— OF. carole {carolle); It. 
carSla, a dance, song (Florio); Low Lat. 
carola, karola, a dancing, also, a chain (of 
pearls), see Ducange ; Lat. corolla, a wreath ; 
dimin. of corona. — ALM. For another 
account of this word see SkD. 1 



Carolen, v. to dance in a ring, to sing, 
MD, PP. 

Carolinge, sb. carolling, C3. 

Carpen, v. to talk, to speak, to say, 
MD, C, S3 ; to rebuke, S3 ; carpede,//. s. t 
Si ; earped, Sa, P.— Icel. karpa, to boast. 

Carpyng, sb. talking, P. 

Carre, sb. car, cart, Prompt. ; oharre, 
MD ; chare, Voc., S3, W ; sohare, car- 
pentum, Voc. ; char, S2, S3, C, C2 ; 
ckaar, MD ; cnarte,//., W, W2, H.— OF. 
carre, also car {char) ; Lat. carrum (ace). 
A Celtic word, cp. Olr. rarr(Windisch). 

Carry, v. carro vehere, to carry, MD ; 
oarien, C2 ; to drive, ride, travel, S2 ; y- 
earied, C2. — AF. carter (OF. charier, 
charroier) ; Late Lat. carricare {carrigare), 
see Ducange. See Charffen. 

Carte, sb. chariot, cart, MD ; kart, H 
(Ps. 67. 18). 

Cary, sb. a rough material, S3; see 

Casse, sb. box, chest, cover, Prompt. ; 
kace, Prompt. ; eaas, C. — OF. casse (AF. 
chasse) ; Lat. capsa ; cp. Gr. K&tpa. 

Cast, sb. a throw, plan, intention, plot, 
MD, C, G ; caste, P ; kastis, pi., H.— 
Icel. kast. 

Cartel, sb. village, small town {*=castel- 
lum), W; cartels, //., camp (=castra), 
W2 ; kastels, H (Ps. 77. 32).— Late Lat. 
castellum, village (Vulg.), Lat. castellum, 

Cartel, sb. castle, S.— OF. castel {chas- 
te!). See above. 

Cartel-weorces, sb. pi. fortifications, 
S, MD. 

Carten, v. to cast, throw, to consider, 
imagine, purpose, design, S, S2, S3, C ; 
kasten, MD, H ; kesten, MD, S2 ; oaste, 
pt. s., MD, S2, S3, C2, C3, G ; kast, S2 ; 
kest, S3 ; easten, pi., P, W ; kesten, 
S2, W ; oastiden, W ; easten, pp., MD, 
C2 ; i-east, S ; y-cast, C3 ; lkest, S2 ; 
kest, S2 ; east, C3. Phr. : caste tomes, 
tried tricks, G. — Icel. kasta. 

Castyng, sb. a vomiting, W. 

Cat, sb. cat, Voc, MD ; eatt, Voc. ; 
kat, S. 

Catapuce, sb. name of a purgative 
plant, euphorbia, C ; oatapus, CM. — OF. 
catapuce {petite), garden spurge (Cotg.) ; 
Low Lat. catapotium, * medicamentum quod 
non diluitur, pillula ' (Ducange) ; Gr. Kara- 
•ttbnov, that can be gulped down, a pill, 
from ir<$roy, drink. Cp. Low Lat. cathapucia, 
1 semen spurgie,' SB. 



Cat-duke, sb. trefoil, S3 JD ; oattnke, 
JD ; ketelokes, pi., H (Ps. 36. 2). 

Catel, sb. capital, property, wealth, CM, 
MD, S2, Ca, C3, W ; kateyl, S2 ; catelle, 
S2; eatele, S2 ; chatel, MD; clietel, 
MD.— OF. c*tel, chalel; Late Lat. captale, 
capitate, property, principal ; from Lat. 
capitalis, from caput, the head. 

Catonr, sb. a buyer of provisions, caterer, 
Palsg., G ; cater, S3. — OF. acateur, buyer, 
from acater (F. acheter\achapter,' Late Lat. 

Caucion, sb. security, surety, account, 
MD; eaudoun, W. — Lat. cautionem, se- 
curity, bond, warranty, from cautus, pp. of 
cauere, to be on one's guard. . 

Caudron, st. cauldron, W2. — AF. caud- 
ron, OF. chaudron. See Gbaud. 

Cauri-maury, sb. the name of a coarse 
rough material, PP ; canrixnaurl, S2 ; 
kaurymaury, PP ; cawrymawry, PP (».)• 
Cf. Cary. 

Cautele, sb. caution, deceit, MD, 
Prompt; cawtele, S3; cautel, ND, Sh.— 
OF. cautele (cautelle) ; Lat. cautela. 

CauteloUS, adj. sly, deceitful, MD, ND, 
Sh. ; eautelonse, W2. — OF. cautelos ; 
Late Lat. cautelosum (Ducange). 

Cavell, v. to divide by lot, JD ; see 

Cawmyt, PP- calmed, S3 ; see Calmen. 

Ca^te ; see Cacchen. 

Cedre, sb. cedar, MD, W2 (Job 40. 12) ; 
cedres, //., S2. — AF. cedre ; Lat. cedrum 
(ace.) ; Gr. /cidpos. 

Cedyr-tre, sb. cedar-tree, Voc ; sydyre- 
tre, Voc. 

Ceelen, v. to line the walls or roof of a 
room, Prompt., MD ; selyn, Prompt.; 
seeled, //., WW (s. v. cieled). 

Ceinte, sb. girdle, MD ; seynt, C— 
OF. ceinte ; Lat. cincta, pp. f. of cingere. 

Celer, sb. ct\\zx y promptuarium,Vxom^t., 
W (Lu. 12. 24), MD ; oeller, MD ; seller, 
G; selleer,G; celere, dot. S, H ; oelerls, 
pl. t W2; selers, W2.— AF. celer, OF. 
celier; Lat. cellarium. 

Celerer, sb. cellarer, C2. 

Celicall, adj. heavenly, S3. 

Celle, sb. cell, a religious house, C, C2 ; 
selle, C; selles, //., P.— OF. celle ; Lat. 

Celure, sb. canopy, ceiling ; see Selore. 

Cementing, sb. hermetically sealing, 
C3. See Syxnent. 

Gendal, sb. a fine stuff (linen or silk), S, 


MD ; sendal, PP, ND, C ; oendel, MD, 
HD, Prompt.; sendel, PP, H; »=Lat. 
sindotty W, Voc. ; oendell, Palsg. ; send- 
alle, Cath. ; sendylle, sandalium t sindc, 
Cath.— OF. and AF. cendal (cp. Low Lat. 
cendalum, sendalum) ; perhaps an adapta- 
tion of Gr. awK&Vy orig. Indian muslin, 
from Skt Sindhu, India. 

Centanre, sb. centaury, name of a plant. 
C; oentorye, Alph. — OF. centaur e\ Lat. 
centaurea t centaureum\ Gr. Kcvravpeiov, 
from Ktvravpos, a centaur. 

Ceptre, sb. sceptre, C2, MD, Palsg.; 
oeptyr, Prompt. ; oeptlre, H (Ps. 44. 8). 
— AF. ceptre ; Lat. sceptrum\ Gr. <ncrjv~ 
rpov, staff. 

Cerchen, v. to search, MD; oergyn, 
Prompt. ; serchen, MD ; sherch, S3 ; 
seirsand, pr. p. t S3 ; sherdied, pt. pl. t S3. 
— OF. cercher {sercher) ; Lat. circare, to go 
round, from circus, a circle. 

Cercle, sb. circle, MD, C; serole, 
Prompt, W2. — OF. cercle; Lat circulum 
(ace), dimin. of circus. 

Cerclen, v. to circle, MD; sironlit, 
PP; S3.— OF. cercler; Lat. circulars 

CirCttlat, adj. revolving, S3. 

Cere, v. to cover with wax, SkD, C3 ; 
oered, //. shrouded in waxed cloth, SkD. 
— Lat. cerare, to wax, from cera, wax. 

Cere-Cloth, sb. waxed linen (for dead 
bodies), Sh. ; searcloth, SkD. 

Cerements, sb. pi. (see above), Sh. 

Cerge, sb. wax taper, MD ; serge, MD, 
JD, Cath. ; cerges, //., S.— OF. cerge, 
cierge; Late Lat. ceria t fern, from Lat. 
cereus, from cera, wax. 

Cerial, adj. sacred to Ceres, C. — Lat. 
Cerialis, Cerealis. 

Cerionsly, adv. minutely, with full 
details, S2, C3 ; see Seryowsly. 

Certes, adv. certainly, S, C2, C3 ; ser- 
tes, S2, PP ; oertis, S3, P.— OF. certes, 
(Constans) : OSp. certas ; Lat. cetias, pi. f. 
of certus, certain. 

Ceruse, sb. ceruse, white lead, with 
which women painted their faces, MD ; 
oeruoe, C— OF. ceruse (Cotg.); Lat. 
cerussa ; cp. Gr. Ktipurbv, a cerate or salve 
used as a cosmetic, from tempos, bees-wax. 

Cessen, v. to cease, C2, C3; cesen, 
MD. — AF. cesser ; Lat. cessare. 

Cetewale, sb. zedoary, a root resembling 
ginger, MD, C2, Prompt, SB; setewale, 
MD, HD; setwale, Prompt; setuale, 
Prompt. ; sedewale, MD ; sedwale, MD ; 


«edewale,Alph,--AF. cetewzle, OF. citoual, 
citouart; Low Lat. zedoarium; Axab.jad- 
wdr (from the Persian). 

CeVen, sb. pi. countries, S ; see OtiS&e. 

Chaf, sb. chaff, straw, MD ; ohaff, MD ; 
chaffe, W, Prompt ; ohef, MD;o^H; 
cafe, H.— AS. ceaf. 

Chaffare, sb. business, selling, mer- 
chandise, Sa, Ca, C3; ohaflar, C3 ; ohaf- 
are, S; cheflare, S; chapfare, MD; 
cheap&re, MD.— AS. dap +faru, a jour- 
ney, business ; cp. Icel. kaupfor. 

Chaflaren, v. to chaffer, Sa, C3, P, W. 

Chaflet, sb. a small stage or platform, 
S3, HD.— A dimin. of OF. chafaut, chaf- 
faut, see Ducange (s.v. chaaffallum). See 

Chaine f sb. chain; chaync, MD; 
cheyne, Prompt., Ca ; ohyne, MD.— AF. 
chaine {cheine) ; OF. chaainc, cadtne ; Lat. 

Chaire, seat, chair, MD; chayera, 
MD ; dialer, Wa ; chacra, S, MD.— AF. 
chaiire, chayire, seat, throne; Lat cathedra-, 
Gr. fcaOtdpa. 

Chald, adj. cold, S ; see Cold. 

Chalenge, sb. false claim, accusation, 
claim, MD, Wa ; oalenffe, MD; ohal- 
aunge, MD.— AF. chalenge, chalange, OF. 
calenge ; Lat. calumnia. 

Chalengen, v. to accuse, charge, claim, 
MD, W, Sa, P; ohalange, H; calen- 
87*8; pr. p., Wa ; ohalangeda, //. s., 
S2; chalanged, //. accused, P. — AF. 
chalenger, chalanger, ' calumniare.' 

Chalengere, sb. accuser, Wa. 

Chamber, sb. chamber, MD; ohambur, 
MD; aohambyr.Voc.; ohambra, Ca, C3, 
PP; chombra, MD ; ohaumbre, MD, PP ; 
chawmere, MD; chamar, Voc.; chal- 
mer, S3. — AF. chambre ; Lat. camera. 

Chaniberere, sb. handmaid, MD, Sa, 
Ca; ofcambrere, MD ; chombarler, MD. 
— OF. chamberiere. 

Chamberling, sb. chamberlain ; 
ohanmberlinff, MD ; chamberlain, MD ; 
echaanberleyne, Voc. ; ohamberlayn, 
MD; chamerlane, Voc.— OF. chambre- 
lenc (cp. It. camerlengo in Florio) ; OHG. 
chamarlinc; Lat. camera + OHG. -line. On 
the suffix see SkD. 

Chainelle ; see Camel. 

Chamelot, sb. camlet, S3 ; see Camelot. 

Champaine, adj. and sb. level, level 
country, CM, S3.— AF. champaigne. 

Cbampartie, sb. share in land, part- 



nership in power, C ; ohanpartye, S3. — 
OF. champart, field-rent, see Cotg.; Lat. 

campi partem. 

Champion, sb. a fighter in the duel, a 
champion, MD ; ohampiouii, C, G. — AF. 
champion ; Late Lat. campionem. 

Chan- ; see Chaun-. 

Chanonn ; see Canoun. 

Chape, sb. the locket of a scabbard, 
Cotg., Cath.; achape, Cath. (».).— OF. 
chappe (Cotg.). 

Chapele, sb. chapel, S, MD; ohapelle, 
MD ; echapelle, Voc — AF. chapele, OF. 
capele ; Church Lat capella. 

Chapelein, sb. chaplain, MD ; chape- 
leyne, MD, C ; ohapeleyna, //., Sa.— AF. 
chapelein ; Church Lat. capellanus. 

Chapiter, sb. the capital of a column, 
SkD.— OF. chapitel-, Lat capitellum, 
dimin. of caput. 

Chapitre, sb. a chapter, division of a 
book, a meeting of clergy, MD, PP ; ohap- 
iter, S3; chapiter*, PP; chapitla, PP ; 
ohapltele, PP; oapitle, summary, W.— 
OF. chapitre, chapitle; Lat capitulum, 
dimin. of caput. 

Chapitre-hons, sb. chapter-house, PP ; 
chapitel-houa, PP. 

Chapman, sb. merchant, C, PP ; chap- ' 
mon, Sa, PP ; ohepmon, S ; chapman, 
pi., S, Sa, C3, PP.— AS. ciapman. 

Chapmanhode, sb. trade, Sa, C3. 

Chapolory, sb. a kind of scarf, S3 ; see 

Char, Chare, sb. car, S3 ; see Can*. 

Charbocle, sb. carbuncle (stone), Ca ; 
see Carboncle. 

Charen, v. to turn, S ; see Cherren. 

Charge, sb. a load, injunction, responsi- 
bility, MD, Sa, C3, C, W ; ohaxohe, MD ; 
oarke, S3 ; karke, MD ; cark, MD, G.— 
AF. charge, also hark. 

Chargen, v. to put a load on, to enjoin, 
MD, Sa ; to care for, W, Wa ; oharchyng, 
pr. p., S3 ; y-eharg*e4, pp., Sa ; oharged, 
Sa. — AF. charger ; OF. cargier; Late Lat. 
carricare. See Carry. 

Chargeonse, adj. burdensome, W; 
ohariouM, Wa. 

Charitee, sb. charity, Ca ; charyte, Sa ; 
charlte, MD, Sa, G ; earlted, S ; karitefc 
MD. — AF. charite, OF. caritet, Prov. 
caritat ; Lat caritatem. Cf. Chert*. 

Chari^, adj. sad, S. — AS. cearig; cp. OS. 
karag. See Care. 



Chattel, sb. charnel-house, P, SkD.— 
AF. charm I ^ cornel ; Lat. carnalem. 

Chartre, sb. prison, S, MD.— OF. char- 
tre, Ps. 141. 7 ; Lat. carcerem, see Brachet. 
For tr from original cr s compare OF. 
veintre ; Lat. vincere. 

Chartre, sb. charter, S, PP.— AF. char- 
tre ; Lat. char tula, dimin. of chart a. 

ChaM 9 sb. hunting, pursuit, also, hunt- 
ing-ground, MD ; chas, MD ; okays, S3. 
■ — AF. chace, hunting-ground. 

Chaser, sb. hunter (horse), chaser, MD ; 
chaseris,//., Sa. 

Chastelet, sb. little castle, domain, P. 
-—OF. chastelet (Cotg.). See Cartel. 

Chasteleyne, sb. castellan, MD.— AF. 

Chastien, v. to chastise, MD, S; 
chaste, S2, C2, P.— AF. chastier, OF. 
castier ; Lat. castigare. 

Chastise!!, v. to chastise, MD ; ehas- 
tyae, Ca. 

Chastyng, j£. chastisement, P. 

Chaud, adj. hot, S2, PP.— OF. chaud, 
chald ; Late Lat. caldum ; from Lat. ccdidus. 

Channce, sb. chance, S2, C2, C3; 
eheance, MD; cheannce, MD; chana, 
MD; chance, S3. — OF. eheance; Late 
Lat. cadentia, a falling, from cadere. 

Chauncel, sb. chancel, Prompt. ; chann- 
oell, Palsg.; ohawnsylle, Voc.— OF. 
chancel-, Late Lat. cancellus, chancel, 
tcreen ; cp. Lat. cancelli, pi., latticework, 
dimin. of cancri, lattice work, from cancer, 
a crab. See Canker. 

Channceler, sb. chancellor, Prompt.; 
ehanceler, MD ; canoeler, S. — AF. ehan- 
celer, OF. canceller ; Late Lat. cancellarius. 

Chauncellerie, sb. chancery, MD; 
ehanoeletle, MD. — AF. chauncelerie. 

Channcerye, sb. chancery, MD.— AF. 

Chaunge, sb. change, C2. 

Chaungen, v. to change, MD, S2; 
ehanngl, S ; ohongen, S2; i-changet,//., 
S. — AF. changer, OF. changler, cangier; 
Low Lat. cambiare, to barter. 

Chaunger, sb. money-changer, W. 

Chaungyng, sb. changing, Wa. 

Channterie, sb. chantry for singing 
masses for the dead, C. — AF. chaunterit, 
OF. chanterte; Late Lat cantaria, from 
Lat. cant are y to sing. 

Chavel. sb. the jaw, MD ; chavyl, MD ; 
ckawle, MD; ohanl, MD; choule, MD; 


end, S3; ofcoll, MD.— AS. ceafl. See 
farther in SkD (s.v. jowl). 

Chavyl-bone, sb. jaw-bone, Prompt. ; 
ctovyXbon, MD. 

Che- ; see Chi-. 

Cheap, sb. bargain, S ; see Chepe. 

Cheap-ild, sb. a female trader, S. See 

Chearre, v. to turn, S ; see Chezrem. 

Cheas, pt. s. chose, S ; see Chosen. 

Checker, sb. exchequer, S3; see Bis* 

Chedff sb. and adj. head, upper part, 
chief, MD, PP; chief, MD; oheiT, PP ; 
chef, MD ; chyf,PP.— OF. chef "(AF. chief), 
cheve ; Late Lat. capum (ace.) ; cp. It. capo, 
Sp. cabo. 

Cheef-mete, sb. chief meat, PP, Sa. 

Chees ; see Chosen. 

Cheest ; see Cheat. 

Cheffare, sb. business, S; see Cha£- 

Chehelew, adj. suffocating, HD; see 

Chehen, v. to choke, suffocate, MD, 
Prompt., SkD. See NED (s. v. achoke). 

Cheker, sb. exchequer, PP; see Bs- 

Cheld, adj. cold, S2 ; see Cold. 

Chelde, sb. cold, PP. 

Chelden, v. to grow cold, S; kelde, 
MD.— AS. cealdian. 

Chele, sb. chill, S, Sa ; see Chil 

Chele, sb. throat, fur made up from the 
fur about the marten's throat, S ; cheole, 
MD ; chelle, MD.— AS. ceole, the throat ; 
cp. OHG. chHa (G. kehle). See Ksrthes- 

Chelle, sb. bowl, incense-vessel, S. — AS. 
delta {cylle\ a vessel for drinking; cp. 
OHG. chella. 

Chemys, sb. chief mansion, JD; see 

Chene; seeChyne. 

Cheosen ; see Ckeaen. 

Chepe, sb. bargain, business, MD ; 
cheap, S. Phr. : good chepe, cheap, MD ; 
grot chop, plenty, cheapness, MD; to 
good cheep, too cheaply, G. — AS. dap, 
business, purchase, price, also, cattle ; Icel. 
kaup, bargain; cp. OHG. yfcrc^Otfrid). 

Chepe, sb. Cheapside, S3, P. 

Chepen. v. to transact business, boy or 
sell, MD, S ; ohepet, //., S.— AS. dapian, 
to bargain. 


Ghdping, sb. market, W; ohepynffe, 

Sa, P. — AS. ciapung, trade, commerce. 

Chepmon; see Chapman. 

Cher, adj. dear, PP ; chere, MD. Ttfr.: 
char oner, careful of, PP.— OF. cher; Lat 

dxerarchy, j£. an assembly of holy 
rulers, a hierarchy, S3 ; yeraxchy, SkD 
(p. 810).— OF. hierarchic, Gk. Upapx^l 
cp. It. gerarchia. a hierarchy of angels 

Chere, *£. a time, S ; see Cherre. 

Chere, j£. face, friendly welcome, S, 
MD, Sa, S3, C3, G, C2; ohiere, S3; 
cheare, S3 ; cheer*, G ; oh**, Sa ; cheer, 
W ; chares, //., wry faces, S.— AF. chere, 
countenance,OF.<:A?r*, head (Roland); Low 
Lat. cara, the face, head; Gr. kdpa; see 
Dueange. Cp. E. cheer. 

Chefen, v. to make good cheer, to 
make glad, MD, Prompt, S. 

Cheriche, v. to cherish, PP ; cheryoe, 
Ca. — OF. cherir (pr. p. cherissanf). 

Cherissing, sb. cherishing, PP. 

Cherl, sb. peasant, S, Sa, Ca, C3; 
chorle, Prompt.; ehurle, Voc. — AS. ceorl; 
cp. MHG. kerl. Cf. Garl. 

Cherliche, adv. dearly, fondly, PP; 
cherli, Sa, See Cher. 

Cherre, sb. a turn, space of time, busi- 
ness, affair, job, MD; chere, S; char, 
MD; chore, SkD (p. 792).— AS. cerr 
{cirr, cyrr) ; cp. OHG. chir. 

Cherren, v. to turn, MD ; chearre, S ; 
ohnrrea, S; charen, S; ofceree,, 
S. — AS. cerran (cirran) ; cp. OHG. k/ren 

Oherte, sb. charity, MD : friendship, S3. 
—OF. cherte\ Lat. caritatem. Cf. Charitee. 

ChJdTtLbim., sb. pi. cherubim ; chertu 
by m, W2 (Ps. 17. 12); ohembln, Sa ; 
ohemtoym, H. — Church Lat. cherubim 
(Vulg.); Heb. cherubim, pi. of cherub. Cp. 
OF. cherubins, Ps. 17. 10. 

Chervelle, sb. chervil, PP ; cherefeUe, 
Alph. ; ohirnyllea, //., PP.— AS. carfille, 
(Voc.) ; Lat. caerifolium ; Gr. x<npk$»\kw ; 
cp. OF. cerfueil (Cotg.). 

Chexy, sb. cherry, Voc. ; chere, Voc — 
OF. cerise \ Late Lat. cerasea, adj. from 
cerasum, cherry ; from Gr. tccpa<ros, cherry- 
tree ; see Diez. Cf. Chiriea. 

Chasbolle, sb. a small onion, poppy- 
head, Voc. ; cheaebolle, HD ; cheese- 

belle, HD ; oheapolle, Voc. 

Chase, sb. cheese, MD, Voc., S (18. 



643); soheee, Voc; cttse, S.— O. Merc 
cise (OET), AS. c<kse ; Lat. caseus. 

Chesen, v. to choose, S, Sa, Ca, C3, G ; 
oheosen,S,Sa,MD; ahea, ***/.*., Sa;fl h ss a, 
C3; choyss, S3 ; oheas, //. s., S; ches, MD, 
Sa; cheea, MD, Sa, Ca, C3 ; cheaM 
(weak), S3 ; cnrem, //., MD ; cuaen, S ; 
iooren, pp., S ; yohoae, PP ; ooaan, S.— 
AS. ciosan, pt. das (pi. curon), pp. coren . 

Che&ible, sb. chasuble, P ; ohealhylle, 
Voc; oheayble, Palsg. ; chesypyl, Voc. ; 
oheajrpylle, Prompt.— OF. *chasible, cp. 
Church Lat. casibula, casubula (OF. chasu- 
ble) \ from casula, a sacerdotal vestment, 
from Lat. casa, a cottage. 

ChOBOKn, sb. cause, account, MD ; ehe- 
amn, Sa, H ; cheson, H. See Achesoun. 

Che*t, sb. jangling, strife, MD, P; 
oheaat, MD ; oheaate, MD ; cheste, G, 
S ; cheaatta, //., W.— AS. ciast. 

Chest, sb. chest, ark, coffin, PP, MD ; 
chsMrt, MD ; estate, dot., S. Cf. Slat. 

Cliesten, sb. chestnut-tree, Manip. ; 
ohesteyn, C, MD; oheaton, Voc— AF. 
chestaine, OF. chastaigne; Lat eastanea; 
from Gr. K&aravov. 

Chesten-tre f sb. chestnut-tree, MD; 
cheatastre, Voc. 

Chesnn, sb. cause, occasion, account, 
Sa, H ; see Cheaona. 

Chesimabile, adj. open to an accu- 
sation, H. 

Che8en, sb. pi. countries, S ; see Oafttte. 

Cheuannce, sb. gain, profit, MD. 

Cherten, v. to succeed, to attain one's 
end, MD, C3, P; oheeuea, Sa.— OK. 
chevir, from chef. See Cheef. 

Cheuesancej sb. success, profit, agree- 
ment, MD, PP ; oheuiaanaoe, agreement, 
bargain, PP, C— OF. chevisance. 

Cheuesen, v. to procure, to get, MD ; 
oherlaen, MD ; chetrlsa, to achieve one's 
purpose, Sa ; oheuyce, to lend, S3. — OF. 
chevir (pr. p. chevissant). 

Chevetayn, sb. captain, Sa; ehene- 
teya, MD; eheveateya, Sa, PP, C; 
cheuentaya, MD, PP ; chafetajn, MD ; 
ehrreteyn, MD; ohiftaiffne, PP.— AF. 
chevetayn (cheventeyn) ; Late Lat. caps'- 
taneum, from Lat. capit- stem oicaput, head. 
Cf. Capital*. 

Cliewen, v. to chew, S, Sa ; eheowen, 
MD. — AS. dowan, pt. daw (pi. euwon), 
pp. cowen. 

Cheyne, sb. chain, Ca ; see Chalne. 

CMbolle, sb. a small kind of onion, 



MD, S2, P; ehebole, a young onion, 
Palsg.; chlbole, PP; schybbolle, Voc; 
chesbolle, Voc.— OF. ciboule; Late Lat. 
caepulla from Lat. caepa, onion. Cp. It. 
cipolla, cyboll (Florio) and G. zwiebel, 
onion (Weigand). 

Chiden, v. to chide, dispute, MD; 
chid, MD ; imp. s., S ; chit, pr. s., MD, 
C3 ; chidden, pi. pi., S, W.— AS. ddan, 
pt. cidde. 

Chil, sb. chill, coolness, MD, SkD; 
chele, S, S2, P.— AS. ciele (Voc), cyle. 

Chilce, sb. childishness, S. Chile ; for 
AS. cild+s; see Sievers, 258. For the 
French spelling, cf. Mile*. 

Child, sb. child, the child of a noble 
house, a title of honour, young knight, S ; 
did, S, MD ; childre, //., S, S3 ; childer, 
MD, S, S2 ; cyldren, S ; cheldren, S ; 
childrene, gen., S. — AS. did, pi. did, also 
cildru, and in O. North, dido, dldas. 

Childen, v. to bring forth children, W2. 

Child-had, sb. childhood, S; child- 
hede, dot., C2.— AS. dldhdd. 

Chimney, sb. furnace, oven, also, fire- 
place, Sh, PP (».) ; ohymney, W ; chyxn- 
neye, PP. — AF. chimenee, OF. cheminee ; 
Late Lat. caminata, & room with a stove ; 
from Lat. caminus, a furnace ; Gr. K&pivos. 

Chinche, adj. and sb. niggardly, a nig- 
gard, MD, CM ; ohlohe, MD ; chynchis, 
pi., H. — OF. ckiche, miserable, niggardly 
(Cotg.) : Sp. chico, small ; Lat. ciccumX&cc.), 
the core of a pomegranate, a mere trifle. 

Chinchen, v. to be niggardly, Prompt. 

Chincherie, sb. miserliness, Prompt. 

Chirche, sb. church, S, S2, W2, PP, 
CM ; churohe, S, S2, PP ; oherohe, S2, 
C3 ; kirke, S, Sa, P ; kyrke, P, Voc, S3 ; 
kiro, S2 ; clrce, S, Voc. ; oyrce, S.— AS. 
cyrce ; cp. OHG. kirichd (Tatian). 

Chirche-gong, sb. churching of women, 
S2, MD. — Cp. Icel. kirkju-ganga. 

Chirche-haie, sb. cemetery, MD; 
ohyrohehaye, Voc. 

Chirche-^eard, sb. church-yard, MD ; 
ohyrohesaxde, Prompt. ; kyrke^erde, 
Voc; kyrgurth, Voc; oyrce-lard, S. — 
Icel. kirkju-gartir. 

Chirch-SOCne, sb. congregation, S.— 
AS. dric-sden (Schmid) ; cp. Icel. kirkju- 

Chiries, sb. pi. cherries, S2, P. See 
Ohezy, a 

Chiri-tyme, sb. cherry-time, P. 

Chirken, v. to twitter, chirp, MD, CM. 


Chirkyng, sb. a grating, stridulent, 
hissing sound, C, CM; ohyxkyng'e, sibi- 
latus, Prompt. 

Chirm, sb. noise of birds, MD ; charm, 
ND ; chlrme, dot., S. — AS. cirm, cyrm* 

Chirmen, v. to chirp and twitter, MD ; 
cherme, Palsg. ; chyrmys, pr. s., S3. See 
SkD (s.v. chirp), and Brugmann, § 420. 

Chisel, sb. chisel, MD ; chysel, Prompt.; 
chyssell, S3 ; chesyll, MD ; scheselle, 
Voc. ; sceselle, Voc— North F. chisel, OF. 
dsel, It. cescllo, see SkD (p. 793). 

Chit, pr. s. disputes, C3 ; see Chiden. 

Chiteren, v. to twitter, MD, CM ; to 
chatter, C3. 

Chitering, sb. twittering, MD; chy- 
teryngf, S2. 

Chivache, sb. riding, expedition, CM, 
MD, C3 ; ohivachle, C ; ohevache, CM. 
— AF. chivauche, chevauchee, OF. cheval- 
chee, from chcvalchier, to ride on horse- 
back, from cheval, horse; Lat caballum, 
(ace). See Capul. 

Chiualer, sb. chevalier, knight, PP; 
oheualere, MD. — AF. chevaler. 

Chivalrie, sb. the knights of Christen- 
dom, S2 ; ohevalxye, MD ; chyvalrie, 
knightly deeds, MD ; chiualxye, C2.— AF. 
chivalrie, chevalerie. 

Chineren, v. to shiver, tremble, Prompt. , 
SkD (s. v. shiver) ; cheueren, PP ; shee- 
uerlng, pr. p., S3. — Cp. Du. huiveren, to 

Chineringe, sb. shivering, trembling; 
ohynexynffe, Prompt, p. 75 ; chyneryug", 
Palsg., Prompt. 

Chois, sb. and adj. choice, MD, Ca ; 
choys, MD, C, C2.— OF. chois, cois, from 
choisir, coisir, to choose. Of Teutonic 
origin. See Chesen. 

Choisly, adv. choicely, MD; chysly, 

Choi ; see Chavel. 

Chold, adj. cold, S ; see Cold. 

Choppen, v. to chop, cut, mince, MD ; 
ohappyd,^., MD. 

Chorle ; see CherL 

Chrisolyte, sb. chrysolite, 3; cry- 
aolyt, SkD.— Lat. chrysolithus (Vulg.) ; 
Gr. xpv^Xt^os, ' gold stone.' 

Chronique, sb. chronicle, C; see 

Churren, v. to turn, S ; see Cherren. 

Chymmys, sb. chief mansion, S3 ; 


chemys, JD.— OF. ehef+mes (Bartsch.), 
chef mots, chief manor house (Cotg.) ; Late 
Lat. capmansum (ace.) ; see Ducange (s. v. 
caput manst). See Cheef. 

Chymney , sb. furnace, W ; see Chim- 

Ghynchis, sb. pi. niggards, H; see 

Chyne, sb. chink, fissure, Wa ; chenes, 
pi., S2, MD; chynnes, S3.— AS. cinu. 

Chynnyng, sb. chink, S3. 

Chyp, v. to chip, S3. See Choppen. 

Chyrmen, v. to chirp, S3 ; see Chir- 



Chysly, adv. choicely, S2 ; see Choisly. 

Chyssell, sb. chisel, S3 ; see Chisel. 

Cidatun, sb. a costly silk texture, S ; 
elclatonn, MD, C2 ; siclatoun, MD ; 
rfclatuns, //., S. — OF. cidatun in Roland 
(cp. Icel. stklaturi) ; cp. Arab, siqldt, a fine 

Cipres, sb. cypress, MD ; ciprees, Ca ; 
cypres, Palsg. ; oipresse, MD. — OF. 
cypres ; Lat. cupressus, cyparissus; Gr. 

Circe, sb. church, S, Voc. ; see Chlrohe. 

Circe-wican, sb. dat. church-dwelling, 

Cisterne, sb. cistern, Joseph's pit, MD, 
Cath. ; sisterne, MD ; sesterne, Prompt. 
— Lat. cisterna, (Vulg.). 

Cisternesse, sb. Joseph's pit, S. 

Citee, sb. city, MD, C2, C3 ; cyte, MD ; 
Byte, Prompt. ; soite, S; citee, MD, Ca, 
C3; cite, S, Sa, Cath.— AF. cite, OF. 
citet; Lat. ciuitatem, a community of citi- 

Citesein, sb. citizen, MD; oiteseyn, 
W (Acts 22. 26); eyteseyne, Prompt. — 
AF. citeseyn, eitezein: Prov. ciutadan, 
ciptadan ; Late Lat. *civitadanum. 

Citiner, sb. citizen, JD; cyttenere, 

Citole, sb. cithern, C, MD,CM; oytole, 
Voc— AF. citole, OF. cytholle ( = Lat. cith- 
ara), Ps. 56. 8 ; cp. Low Lat. citola, (Voc.) ; 
Lat cithara ; Gr. tciO&pa, also ttiOapts ; cp. 
Chaldee qitharos, Dan. 3. 5. See Oiterne. 

Citolerer, sb. a player on the cithern ; 
cytolerer, Voc. 

Cfttrinacionn, sb. the turning to the 
colour of citron (in alchemy), C3, CM. 

Citrine, adj. citron-coloured, MD. — 
OF. citrin ; Lat. citrinus. 

Citur, sb. citron-tree, MD. Comb,: 

cytyr-tre, Prompt. ; citur tree, MD. — 
OF. citre ; Lat. citrum (ace). 

Clam, adj. sticky, H, MD. 

Clam, //. s. climbed, S2 ; clamb, Ca ; 
see Cllmben. 

Clanlych, adv. purely, Sa ; see Clene. 

Clappen, v. to make a noise like the 
clapper of a mill, MD, Palsg ; to chatter, 
C2, C3.— Icel. klappa. 

Clapping, sb. chatter, idle talk, Ca. 

Clapsen, v. to clasp, C, CM; see 

Claret, sb. a spiced wine, MD, Prompt. 
dare, MD ; clarre, C, MD ; clarry, MD. 
—OF. claret (AF. clan); Late Lat. cla- 
retum and claratum. See Clere. 

Clariflen, v. to glorify, MD, W, H 
(Ps. 19. 1). — OF. clarijur; Lat. clarificare 

Clarionn, sb. clarion, C, MD ; clary- 
one, Prompt. — OF. clarion (F. clairoh). 
See Clere. 

Clarre, sb. a spiced wine, C, CM ; see 

Claspen. v. to clasp, Palsg. ; olapsen, 

Clanster, sb. cloister, MD; closter, 
MD ; claustres, //., S2. — Lat. claustrum 
(clostrum), whence Icel. klaustr, AS. clus- 
ter. Cf. Cloister. 

Claver, sb. clover, trifolium, Voc., MD ; 
clavyr, S3; olovere, Voc. — AS. cldfrt 
(OET.), also clafre, (Voc); cp. Dan. 

Claw, sb. hoof, Voc. ; clan, Voc. ; claw- 
wees, //., S ; cluvis, S3 ; olawes, claws 
of bird, Ca. — AS. cldwu, hoof; cp. Icel. 
klauf, see Weigand (s.v. klaue). 

Clawen, v. to scratch, stroke, MD ; 
clowe, to scratch, PP. Phr. : to claw the 
back, to flatter, S3. Comb. : claw-back, 
sb. flatterer, sycophant, Cotg. (s.v.Jlateur). 

Cleche, sb. hook, MD ; oleek, HD. 

Clechen, v. to seize, MD, HD ; oleke, 
MD ; delkis, pr. s., S3 ; clahte, //. /., 
MD ; claucht, pp., MD. 

Cled f pt. s. clothed, S3; see Clothen. 

Clee, sb. hoof, Wa.- AS. clio. See 

Clef, pt. s. split, Sa ; see Cleuen. 

Clei, sb. clay, Wa, MD ; cley, Prompt.; 
W (John 9. 6), Voc— AS. clceg. 

Clemen, v. to plaster with clay, to 
daub, to smear, MD, Sa ; clemyd,//., glued, 
H. — AS. cl<kman t from cldm, clay. 



Cleuchen, v. to clench, seize, PP; to 

twang the harp, S ; olenten, pt. pi., em- 
braced, S ; oleymt, pp., fixed, MD. — Cp. 

OHG. klcnken (in in-klenken), to fasten 

Clene, adj. clean, MD, S; adv. entirely, 

penitus, MD, S, Sa ; elenn#r, comp^ W2. 

— AS. cl<kne ; cp. OHG. kUini, fine, tender, 

kleino, i penitus ' (Otfrid). 
Clengen, v. to cling, Sa ; see CUsg»a. 
Clenlich, adj. cleanly, MD ; nlwrtlirtio, 

adv. purely, S ; olanlyoh, S2 ; olemUik*, 

S ; elanll, entirely, S.— AS. clknlic. 
Clennes, sb. purity, S2; denness*, 

Wa ; denease, S. — AS. clcmnis. 
Clensien, v. to cleanse, MD ; eleosi. 

S; dennngmi, S; y-clense, S3. — AS. 

(#?) cl£nsian,see Sievers, 185. 
Clensinge, sb. cleansing, S. 

Cleo ; see Clyffe. 

Clepen, v. to call, Sa, Ca, W, Wa ; 

clepien, S; cleoplen, S ; clupien, MD, Sa ; 

eleopode,//. s., S; dupede, S ; olapldt, Sa. 

W; olepte, Sa ; clepud, S2 ; elepct, Sa ; 

cteplt, S3 ; i-deopet, //, S ; i-etoptfl, S ; 

y-olepud, S2 ; y-oleped, C3 ; deped, S2, 

Ca ; olapt, Sa ; y-dopt, C3 ; ioUp«t, Sa ; 

lolupod, Sa ; lolyped, S3.— AS. cleopian. 

Clepyng, *£. a calling, W. 

Clere, <*#. clear, bright, glorious, Ca, 
W, Wa ; deer, MD ; cler, MD ; tOSmr, 
MD. — AF. cler ; Lat. clarum. 

Clerenesse, j£. brightness, W ; cleer- 

Clerete f x£. brightness, W. 

Clergeon, sb. a chorister, little priest, 
young scholar, MD, Ca. — AF. ctergeon; 
cp. Sp. cUrizon (Minsheu). 

Clergial, adj. learned, C3 ; elergoaly, 
adv. in clerkly wise, P. 

dergie, j£. (i) the clergy, (a) the cleri- 
cal profession, (3) book-learning, MD; 
clacy?, H. — OF. clergie: Sp. clerccia, 
clergy; Late Lat. clericia, the clergy, 
learning ; see Constans. 

Clerk, sb. clergyman, scholar, secretary, 
Ca; oleic, S,MD; clerke»,//.,S,Ca,C3, 
P ; olerekes, S ; darken, gen. pi, Sa. — 
OF. clerc (AF. clerk) ; Church Lat. cleri- 
cum (ace.) ; Gr. /cXrjpiicfo, from KXrjpos, a lot, 
in ecei. writers, the clergy. 

Cler-matin, sb. a kind of com for 
grinding, MD, Sa, PP. 

dew, sb dwelling, bedroom, bed, MD, 
S ; kleue, MD.— AS. cUofa, a recess, den, 


bed, chamber ; cp. Ioel. klcfi, a closet, bed- 

Cleuen, v. to split asunder, MD, P; 
oleoue, MD ; o1«um, pr. s., S ; eftaf; pi. s., 
MD ; clef, MD, Sa ; cUef, MD ; ©Ur#d#, 
G ; oloueu,pl , Sa ; dofenn,//., S ; clov«, 
W|— AS. cliofan, pt. cUaf(pL clufon), pp. 

Oleum, v. to cleave, adhere, MD, Wa, 

PP ; cUvyn, Prompt. ; eUmen, S ; djrvea, 

PP; oUued,//. j., S; oleuede, Wa,— AS. 

clifian (cleqfian); OHG. £&&!» (Otfrid). 

ClenerllLg, pr. p. clinging, holding on 

by claws, S3. See Cliuer. 

Chbjvtfpp. fixed, MD; see deaefctm. 

Clicehe; seedoofc»a. 

Cliket, sb. a kind of lock or fastening, 

PP, CM ; oljrket, PP, Voc. ; clyfcpt, Voc 

— OF. cliqtuttc (Bartsch), from cltquer, to 

click, snap ; cp. Low Lat. cliqtutus. 

Cliketed, pp. fastened with a latch, PP. 

Climben, v. to climb, MD; eiratfuem, 

Ca ; dam, pt. s„ Sa, MD ; damto, Ca ; 
domb, MD ; clomben, pp., C ; doatfro, 
Ca. — AS. climban, pt. clamb (pL clumbon)', 
pp. clumben. 

Clillgea, v. to shrivel up, wither, to 
cling, MD, S, ND, Sh; dengen, Sa ; 
cjjntfen, Sa ; dang, pt. x., MD; clang*, 
//., MD ; dnngen, //., MD.— AS. clingan, 
pt. clang (pi. clungon), pp. clungen. 

Clippe; seeduppen. 

Clippen, v. to clip, shear, S, Ca, MD. — 
Icel. kuppa. 

Cliue, sb. cliff, S ; see Clyffe. 

GUmea, v. to cleave, adhere, S; see 

diner, adj. eager, sharp, MD, SkD. 

Cliuer, sb. daw, S ; elivree, //,, S— 
AS. clifer, 

Clobbed, adj. like a club, rough, Ca ; 
eWW*d, MD. See dufabe. 

Cloche, sb. claw, PP; oloke, HD; 
©take, S3 (s.v. cat), JD; <4mk, JD; 
rtoUs,//., H. 

Clochen, v. to clutch, PP; eluodUm, 
PP, HD, SkD ; .olouohe, PP; etyteliem, 
PP; elloehe, PP. 

Clockea, v. to limp, hobble, PP; 
olokke, PP.— OF. cloquer (clocher), to limp 
(Cotg.), also eloper: Prov. clopchor; Low 
Lat. *cleppicare t from cloppm\ see Die* 
(P- 55o). 

Clodde; see Clot. 

Clofenn; seedeuen. 


Cloister, sb. cloister, MD; doJstae, 
C3 ; doyvtre, C; cloystyr, Prompt— AF. 
cloister, OF. doistrc (F. dottre). Ct 



Cloisterer, j£. cloister-monk, Ca. 

Clom, sb. silence, S2 ; see Clum. 

Clomsen, v. to be benumbed, stupified, 
PP, H. See Clum. 

Clomstnes, sb. numbness, fixedness, H. 

ClOOS, adj. close, C3 ; dos, MD.— AF. 
dos, closed, pp. of dorc ; Lat, daudere. 

Clos, sb. an enclosure, a locked-up place, 
MD ; cloos, Prompt, S2 ; clojrss, S3. 

Closes, v. to close, to enclose, MD. — 
Prom AF. clos, pp; Lat clausum. See 

Closter, *£. cloister, MD ; see Cluu 

Closures,, enclosures, fastenings, 

dosyngis, gates, Wa. 

Clot, ^. a clod, MD; dotte, Cath.; 
olodde, Prompt., Palsg., Manip. ; ©lottos, 
//., lumps, S2; dottis, Wa. See Wei- 
gand (s. v. ££w). 

dote, J& burdock, Voc., MD, Prompt., 
Alph.; dooto, MD.— AS. */4fc. 

Clote-bnr, sb. burr of the burdock, C3. 

Cl o t e loof , sb. leaf of the burdock, C3. 

Cloteren, z>. to clot, coagulate, Prompt. ; 
dodesen, Prompt ; dothxsd, #., C. 

Cloth, j£. cloth, clothing, S, Sa ; dofco, 
Sa; dot*, Sa; cWB, S; obftos, //., S; 
doftea, S.— AS. <:/<&. 

Clothen, v. to clothe, S; da«em,S; 
cled, //. s. t S3 ; ddBodon, //., Sa ; y- 
clotkod,#., PP; y-dmd, C3; dod, S3. 

Cloude, *£. a mass of rock, a hill, clod, 
Sa, MD ; dude, MD ; dowdy., pi., MD 
(s. ▼. do/) ; duddis, masses of cloud, S3 ; 
cloudls, H (Ps. 67. 37).— AS. cltld 

Clout, #*. clout, rag, W; olowt. C3; 
dmtesi,//.,S; doutoB,Sa,S3,C3;d*wtoj|, 
Sa— AS. diit (OET.). 

Clonten, v. to patch, mend, S3 ; okm*- 
tM*, /r. /., Sa ; doatod, //., provided 
with an iron plate, S3. 

Clone, pp. split, W; seeCsooon. 

Clowe, v. to scratch, P ; see COavea. 

Clowe, '£. a clove, pink, Prompt; 
ctowoa. pl. t MD.— OF. */**, fife, ft nail ; 
Lat dauum (zee). 

Clowe-gilofre, sb. a clove-gilly-flover, 
Ca; dowo-gyloffcos, //., Sa,— AF.*4w* 
degUefrc. See Oomflonx. 

Ctabbe, ^. club, MD ; dobbs, MD. 
— Icel. klubba, klumba. 

Clubbed, adj. club-shaped, rough, MD, 
Prompt.; dotobed, Ca. 

Clncche, v. to clutch, PP ; tee Olodien. 

Cluddis, sb. pi. masses of cloud, S3 ; 

Cluke ; see Clooho. 

Clam, sb. stillness, silence, MD, CM; 
Clom, Sa. 

Clnmsen, v. to be benumbed, stupified, 
MD ; dornsen, PP ; domsod,^., set fast, 
H ; dumst, H ; dumsjd, ' enervatus/Cath. 

Clnmst-bede, sb. numbness, H. 

Clnpien, v. to call, Sa ; see Cloposu 

Cluppen, v. to embrace, S, MD; olyppo, 
Sa; dlppo Sa.MD; oleppo&,MD; dvpts, 
//. s., S.— AS. clyppan. 

Clnster-lOO, sb. enclosure, S— AS. 
dtlster-loc. See Claustor. 

Clnte; see Clout. 

Clwis, sb. pi. hoofs, S3 ; see Claw. 

Clyffe. sb. cliff, MD; dyft, MD; 
dine, dot., S; dooue, MD ; doo, S; 
diaos, //., MD; clouos, MD.— AS. dip 
(OET), pi. deofu,diofu\ see Grein, Sievers, 
a 4 i. 

ClymbajW, sb. climber, S3. 

Clymbem, v. to climb, Ca ; see CUsb- 

Clymgen, v. <o wither, to shrink, Sa ; see 

Cnawen, v. to know, S ; see Kmowos. 
Cnawleebea, v. to acknowledge, MD. 

Cnawiechm go, sb. acknowledgments. 

Cnelinag, sb. kneeling, S. 
CneOWO, sb. dot. knee, S ; see Xno. 
Cniltt, sb. knight, S ; see Kni^t. 

Cnotted, //. knotted, S ; i-knottsd, S ; 
see Knotto. 
Gnonwe, *b. dot. knee,S; see Xno. 
Cnowen, v. to know, S; pp., Sa ; see 

Co-arten, v. to compel, constrain, HD ; 
oosj fte d, //., S3»— Lat. co-ardar^ tp con- 
strain, compress. 

Coeatxiee, sb. % serpent (-Lat basiJif- 
cus** Heb. peth£n % an adder or cobra), Wa ; 
oooateyso, basiliscus, cocodriUus, Prompt ; 
ksfetxles, MD; oookatvioo, WW.— QF. 
cocalriz, crocodile : Sp. cocadriz, basilisk, 
cocatrice (Minsheu). Cp. OokodzUl. 

Cocke, sb. in phr. : by eoolco (a proiane 
oath), S3, ND ; by 000k, Sh. ; Cook's; \ 



slon, Sh. ; Cox my passion, Sh ; by cook 
and pie, Sh., ND, SkD (s. v. pie); for 
ookkes bones, C3 ; for cooks body, ' de 
par Dieu,' Palsg.— Cp. Grimm, p. 15 (*.). 

COCOW ; see Cnkkow. 

Cod 9 sb. cod, pod, husk, MD; oodde, 
Prompt., Palsg.; ooddls, pi, W.— AS. 
codd, bag (Mark 6. 8). 

Cod, sb. pillow, Cath., MD ; ooddls,//., 
HD. — Icel. koddi, pillow. 

Cof f adj. qnick, MD ; kof, MD ; ©one, 
MD ; oofe, adv., S ; cofer, comp., S. — AS. 
cdf; cp. Icel. d-kafr, vehement. 

Coffes, sb. pi cuffs, P ; see Cuffe. 

Cofin, sb. basket, MD; ooffyrn, W2 ; 
oofyne, paste, crust of a pie, MD ; coffins, 
pi, baskets, S2 ; oofyns, W ; oofynes, W. 
—OF. cofin ; Lat. cophinus (Vulg.) ; Gr. 


Cofre, sb. box, coffer, MD, C2, C3, P ; 
cofer, S2; cofres, //., S2. — AF. cofre; 
Lat. cophinum (ace.) ; see Brachet. 

Cofren, v. to put into a coffer, S3. 

Cog, sb. cog, tooth on the rim of a wheel, 
MD ; koff, Voc. ; ooffffe, dot., S. 

Cognisannce, sb. knowledge, MD; 
cognisance, that by which something is 
known, Sh ; oonisantes, pi., badges, S3. — 
AF. conisaunce, knowledge, OF. cognois- 
sance, from cognoissant, pr. p. of cognoistrc ; 
Lat. cognoscere. 

Coife, sb. coif, cap, MD; coyfe, S3, 
Prompt., Palsg. — OF. coiffe ; Low Lat. cofea. 
Cf. Cuffe. 

Coint, adj. knowing, prudent, skilful, 
sly, neat, fine, quaint, MD ; koynt, MD ; 
qnoynte, MD ; queynte, MD, S3, C2 ; 
qnaynte, MD ; queynt, MD ; qnaynt, H. 
— OF. cointe, prudent, trim, friendly ; Lat. 

Cointeliche, adv. skilfully, neatly, 
quaintly, MD ; quoynteliohe, MD ; 
queyntelich, MD ; queynteli, S3 ; quein- 
teliohe, S2 ; quaintelye, S2. 

Cointise, sb. art, skill, cunning, MD ; 
quointise, MD, S2 ; quantise, H; queyn- 
tise, MD, S3 ; quaintis, H.— OF. coin- 

Coite, sb. quoit ; ooyte, Prompt., Palsg., 
Manip. ; ooitis, pi., S3. Cp. the v. coit, 
JD ; OF. coiticr, to push, press (Bartsch). 

Coiten, v. to play quoits, Prompt., 

Cok, sb. cook, S2 ; cokes, //., C3, PP ; 
kokes, PP. — AS. ede; Lat. coquus, from 
coqture^ to cook. 


Cokedrill, sb. crocodile, HD, MD ; eo- 
cadrylle, Voc. ; ookodxUles, pi, HD ; 
coeodrilly, Trev. 1. 131, MD. — Low Lat, 
cocodrillus; cp. It. cocodrillo, a crocodile 
(Florio), Sp. cocodrillo, a serpent, croco- 
dile (Minsheu); Lat. crocodilus; Gr. Kpo- 
tcofeiKos. Cf. Cooatrice. 

Cokeney, sb. cook's assistant, scullion, 
undercook, petted child, cockney, MD, PP, 
S2; cooknaie, MD; coknay, Prompt., 
Cath.; ookenay, CM; cocknaye, Palsg. 
(s. v. bring) ; cockney, Sh. ; kokeney, 
PP; ooknayes,//., S3. 

Coker, sb. quiver, also a kind of half- 
boots or gaiters, MD ; koker, MD ; cocur. 
Prompt, (see ».) ; ookeres,//., PP ; cock- 
ers, HD, ND. — AS. coccr, a quiver. 

Coket, sb. a seal with which bread sold 
in London was stamped by a public officer, 
Ducange; oocket, Cath.(».); certificate, S3, 

Coket, sb. a kind of fine bread stamped, 
PP, S2. Cp. Low Lat. pants de coket, see 
Ducange (s. v. coket). See above. 

Cokewold, sb. cuckold, CM; koko- 
wolde, P; kukwald, Voc; cockewold, 
MD; knkeweld, MD; cokolde, MD, 
SkD.— Cp. Prov. cugol; Lat. cuculum, 
cuckoo. See Cnkkow. 

Col- , prefix, expressing depreciation, con- 
tempt. Comb. : — col-fox, a crafty fox, C. ; 
col-knif, a big knife, MD ; col-propnet, 
false prophet, ND; cold-prophet, ND; 
cole-prophet, ND ; oolle-tragetour, false 
juggler, CM (5. 248. 187). 

Cold. adj. cold, PP ; cnald, S ; kald, 
S ; cald, S2, MD ; kold, S ; chold, S ; 
cheld, S2 ; cold, evil, G.— AS. ceald, caldi 
Goth, kalds from OTeut. *kalan, to freeze, 
cp. Icel. kala (pt. k6l, pp. kalinn). 

Colde, v. to grow cold, C3, MD. — AS. 

Cole. sb. cabbage, cale, kail, Voc., MD ; 
cool, MD; kale, MD, H.— AS. cole (OET) ; 
cp. Icel. kdl; Lat. caulis, stalk, cabbage ; 
see Weigand (s. v. kohl). 

Cole, sb. charcoal, coal, S, S2 ; code, 
MD ; ooylle, MD ; coles, pi, C2, C3 ; 
ooolis, W ; koles, S2.— AS. col (OET). 

Cole. adj. cool, somewhat cold, Prompt., 
MD.— AS. cM\ cp. OHG. kuali (Otfrid). 

Colon, v. to cool, MD, Prompt., G, H. 
—AS. cdlian ; cp. OHG. kualen (Otfrid). 

Coler, sb. collar, MD ; ooller, torques, 
Prompt.; colers, pi, P.— OF. coler (F. 
collier) ; Lat. collare, from collum, neck. 


Colore, sb. anger, C, MD. — OF. colere\ 
Lat. cholera ; Gr. xo^pa, an affection of the 

Colerik, adj. choleric, passionate, Ca, 
MD ; ooleryke, Cath. — Lat. ckolericus, 
having one's bile affected ; Gr. \oktfHK6s, 
from x°^V> g^U. 

Coles, sb. pi. (?) ; iapAr. ; •wearin* 
precious coles, S3. 

Collacioun, j£. conference, CM. — OF. 
collation, discourse, harangue; Lat. colla- 
tionem, a bringing together, conferring. 

Collen, v. to embrace, Wa, MD ; kol- 
len, Sa. Der. : oollyngis, sb. pi., Wa.— 
Cp. OF. f*/&fe, a neck-embracement (Cotg.). 

Collerie, sb. eye-salve, W; oollrie, 
MD ; colorye, HD.— Lat. collyrium ; Gr. 


Colloppe, sb. a slice of flesh, car bom I la y 
Prompt., MD, Palsg. ; oollop, Cath., Cotg. 
(s.v. riblette) ; colope, Voc. ; oolop, Cath. 
(».); eoloppe, PP; eolnoppe, PP, Voc. ; 
oollip, Manip. ; eolopns,//., PP, Sa. 

Colour, sb. colour, pretext, S3, Ca ; 
oolnr, S, MD. — AF. colur; Lat. colorem. 

Col-plontes, sb. pi. cabbages, PP, S2 ; 
k»le-plantM,PP; cale-plantes, PP. See 

Coltre; see Crater. 

Columbine, sb. columbine (flower), 
Alph., MD,Sh ; oolnml*yne,Voc., Prompt ; 
ooliunby , S3. — OF. columbine ; Late Lat. 

Colvyr; seeCnluer. 

Colwie, adj. grimy, S. 

Colwyd, pp. carbonatus, Prompt See 



Comannde, v. to command, PP, C; 
oomanden, MD ; eomanndet, pt. s., Sa ; 
oomande, S2, MD ; onmand, S2.— OF. 
comander, commander \ Late Lat. commen- 
dare, to order. Cf. Oomanden. 

Com&ondement, sb. commandment, 
C, PP ; oomandement, C2. 

Comanndour, sb. commander, C3, PP ; 
oomandonr, Sa.—OF. commandeor ; Late 
Lat. commendatorem. 

Combe, sb. comb for hair, comb of a 
bird, Prompt., Voc.; komb, MD.— AS. 

Combren, v. to encumber, overwhelm, 
MD, S3 ; oomeren, S3 ; oombre»,/r. s., 
Sa ; enmrit, pt. s., Sa ; enmmerit, S3 ; 
cumbred,//., Sa.—OF. combrer, to hinder, 
from combrCy a heap, see Ducange (s.v. 

cmbra); Lat. cumulum (ace.). 

Combre-WOr l d, sb. cumberer of the 
world, S3. 

Combust, pp. burnt, MD, C3.— Lat. 
combuslus, pp. of comburere, to burn. 

Come, sb. a coming, S, Sa, C3 ; knmt, 
S ; kime, S ; ciune, S ; comes, pl. t S. — 
AS. cyme. 

Comelynff, sb. stranger, W, Wa; 
Immellng, MP ; oomling, W; comlyng-, 
Sa ; oomellngis,//., W ; onmlyngis, H. 

Comen, v. to come, S ; oilmen, S ; kn- 
men, S; enm, S2; com, S2; cuminde, 
pr. p., S ; comynde, Sa ; oomlnde, S2 ; 
oomste, comest thou, Sa ; oom"p, pr. s. f Sa ; 
00m, pt.s., S, S2,G; cam, S,G,P; kam, 
S ; oome, 2 //. s. t S, G ; ooman,//. //., S ; 
ooomen, C2 ; comen, MD, S, G ; oome, 
Sa ; i-onmen,//., S ; i-kumen, S ; L-cnme, 
S ; i-oomen, S ; i-oome, S, Sa ; comen, Sa, 
S3, G ; oome, Sa. — AS. cuman ; cp. Goth. 

Comenden, v. to commend, Ca, PP ; 
commended, //., PP. — Lat. commendare, 
Cf. Comannde. 

Comem, sb. pi., strangers, visitors, 
passers-by, Sa, PP; comeres, PP. 

Commoditie, sb. advantage, profit, S3, 
ND, Sh.— OF. commoditi (Cotg.); Lat. 

Comp, sb. contest, S ; see Camp. 

CompainOTUl, sb. companion, MD. — 
OF. compagnon ; Late Lat. companionem. 

Companable, adj. sociable, PP, C; 
oompanabUe, H. — OF. compaignable 

Companie, sb. company, MD, Ca ; 
oompaynye, S ; oompainle, Sa. — OF. 
companie, from compain, an associate at 
meals ; from Lat. cum +panis, bread. 

Comparisonn, sb. comparison, MD, 
Ca. — OF. comparison ; Late Lat. compara- 

Comparisonnen, v. to compare, MD, 
W (Mark 4. 30), Sa. 

Compas, sb. circle, circuit, device, craft, 
MD, C3, G; oompaas, C; oompassw, 
S3; onmpas, Wa. — OF. compos ; Late 
Lat. compassum (ace). 

Compassen, v. to go round, to devise, 
contrive, MD ; onmpas, Wa ; conpassed, 
pp., S3. — AF. compasser. 

CompasjSjyng, sb. craft, contrivance, C. 

Compeir, v. to appear, S3. — OF. com- 
per- t tonic stem of compareir; Lat. com- 

Comper, sb. compeer, comrade, C, Sa ; 



compere, Prompt. ; onmpen, //., MD. — 
Of OF. origin ; Lat. comparem, (ace.). 

Complie, sb. the last church-service of 
the day, compline, MD ; compile, S, MD. 
— OF. complie; Church Lat. completa 

Compline, sb. compline, MD; oom- 
plyn, MD; oumplyiie, completorium, 
Prompt. See above. 

Composicion, sb. arrangement, agree- 
ment, C, Ca. — AF. composicion; Lat com- 

Comptroller; see Controller. 

Comsen, v. to commence, S2,PP, MD; 
eumsen, S2, PP. — OF. comencer; Lat. 
com + initiate. 

Comnne, adj. common, PP; oomon, 
MD; comyn, MD; comen, S2. — AF. 
commun ; Lat. communem (ace). 

Comnne, sb. the commons, commonalty, 
PP ; commune, Ca ; oomones, pl. t PP ; 
oomyns, Sa, PP. 

Comnnlych, adv. commonly, S2 ; 
eomunliche, PP ; oomunly, C2. 

Comyn, sb. cummin, C2, MD, Prompt. ; 
cummyn, W. — OF. comin ; Lat. cyminum 
(Vulg.) ; Gr. kx^uvov. 

Comynalte, sb. community, Wa. — AF. 
communalte; OF '. communaulte ; Late Lat. 
*communalitatem, from communalis. 

Comyne, v. to commune, W, W2 ; 
commune, C3. — OF. communier\ Lat 

Comynere, sb. participator, W. 

Comynte, sb. community, Wa ; oomu- 
neteTrP. — Lat. communitatem. 

Con, pr. 5. can, know, S. Phr. : con- 
]H>nk, thanks, S ; see Xunnen. 

Conabill, adj. suitable, convenient, B. — 
OF. covenable t convenable ; Late Lat. con- 

Conand, sb. covenant, B; Connand, B; 
Cunnand, B. — OF. convenant, agreeing, 
befitting, also, a covenant, pr. p. of con- 
venir; Lat. convenire. See Couenaunt. 

Conandly, adv. befittingly, S3. 

Conceipt, sb. imagination, fancy, idea, 
MD, S3; conceit, C3 ; conceits, //., 
fantastic patterns, S3. 

Conceiven, v. to comprise, to conceive, 
to imagine, MD; conceyne, PP.— OF. 
concevoir; Lat. concipere. 

Conduit, sb. guidance, a conduit, MD ; 
oondut, MD ; oondite, MD ; oonduyte, 
S3; oundyta,Voc; oondeth,MD; knn- 


ditea, p/. f S3.— OF. conduit (Bartsch) ; 
Lat. conductum, from conducere. 

Confessen, v. to confess, to receive a 
confession, MD. — AF. con/esser; from Lat. 
con/essus, pp. oiconfiteor. 

Confessor, jA a confessor of Christianity 
before the heathen, a hearer of confessions, 
MD, S ; confessors,//., S. — AF. confessor ; 
Church Lat. confessorem. 

Confiture, sb. an apothecary's mixture, 
C3.— OF. confiture (Cotg.); Late Lat. 

Confort, sb. comfort, C3, C, PP.— AF. 

Conforten, v. to strengthen, comfort, 
MD, C, P; coonforte, S2, PP.— AF. con- 
fortcr; Late Lat. confortare; Lat. con + 
fortis, strong. 

Confonnden, v. to bring to confusion, 
C3 ; confonndet, pp., PP. — AF. confoun- 
dre ; Lat. confundere. 

Confus, //. put to confusion, C3, C, 
PP. — AF. confus, pp. ; Lat. confusum. 

Congie, v. to bid farewell to, dismiss, 
get rid of, PP ; conffeye, PP, MD ; conge, 
PP. — OF. congier, to dismiss, from congtf, 
cumgiet ; Late Lat. commiatum, Lat. com- 
meatum, permission to go. 

Conisantes, sb. pi. badges, S3; see 

Conjecten, v. to guess, suppose, MD, 
S3. — Lat. conjectare. 

Coniectere, sb. diviner, W2. 

Conjoignen, v. to conjoin, MD; oon- 
iunit,//., S3. — From OF. conjoignant, pr. 
p. of conjoindre ; Lat. conjungere. 

Con-ioyninge, sb. conjoining, C3. 

Conne, v. to know, to be able, S2, S3 ; 
see Xonnen. 

Conne, v. to test, examine, con, Ca, P ; 
kon, H ; connien, SkD. — AS. cunnian, 
to try to know. 

Conning, sb. science, skill, Ca, C3 ; 
konninff, Ca ; ooninge, Sa ; konnyng, W. 

Conning, adj. skilful, Ca. 

Conningly, adv. skilfully, Ca. 

Conrey , sb. division of troops, also pro- 
vision, MD; conrai, Sa. — OF. cunrei 
(conroi), equipage, arrangement, a division 
of troops (Bartsch) ; It. corredo, equipage, 
paraphernalia (Florio); Low Lat. corredium, 
conredium, equipage, provision, entertain- 
ment (Ducange) ; con + redium, a word of 
Teut origin. 

Conseil, sb. counsel, S, Sa, Ca ; conn- 


■eil, G, C; ooniail, PP.— OF. conseil; 
Lat. consilium. 

Conseili, v. to advise, Sa ; eonsellle, 
PP.— OF. conseillier. 

Constable, sb. constable, warden, 
officer, C3, PP; oonestanle, MD; cun- 
stable, PP; cunestable, S.— OF. con- 
stable ; Late Lat. comes stabuli, see Brachet 

Constablesse. sb. constable's wife, Sa, 

Constance, sb. constancy, Ca, MD.— 
OF. Constance (Cotg.) ; Lat. constantia. 

Constorie, sb. an ecclesiastical court, 
PP, Sa ; eonsistorle, PP, CM.— Church 
Lat. consistorium, a place of assembly, 
from Lat. consistere, to stand together. 

Contek, sb. strife, contention, C, G, H, 
MD, CM ; contumely, MD ; contak, MD ; 
conteke, HD; oonteok, HD, ND; con- 
tact, HD.— AF. contek. 

Conteken, v. to strive, MD. 

Contekonr, sb. one who quarrels, HD. 

Contenance, sb. look, gesture, outward 
appearance, encouragement, favour, MD, 
Sa, Ca ; contenaunce, PP, C3 ; cunten- 
aunee, Sa ; countenance, S3; oontin- 
annoe, G.— OF. contenance; Late Lat. 
contintntia, mien. 

Contesse ; see Counterae. 

Contrarie, adj. contrary, Ca, C3.— 
AF. contrarie (OF. contraire); Lat. con- 

Contrarien, v. to oppose, Ca.— OF. 
contrarier ; Late Lat. contrariare. 

Contree, sb. country, MD, Ca, C3; 
oontre, MD, C ; oontreie, Sa ; eontreye, 
Sa; oontre, Sa, MD, C; contrai, Sa, 
MD.— OF. contree (AF. cuntree), Prov. 
contrada; Late Lat. contrata, from Lat. 
contra, see SkD. 

Control, sb. restrictive authority, Sh. — 
OF. contre-rdle, contre-rolle, a duplicate 
roll, used for verification, see Brachet, Cotg. 
(s. v. control le). 

Control, v. to restrain, check, Sh. 

Controller, sb. superintendent, over- 
seer of accounts, Sh ; comptroller, S3. 

Controven, v. to contrive, MD, PP; 
controeven, MD, Sa ; contreven, PP ; 
oontriven, MD.— AF. controver; con-¥ 
OF. trover, to find, compose poetry ; Low 
Lat. tropare, from tropus, a song, lit. a trope, 
turn of speech ; Gr. rp&iros, a turn. 

Conventicnlis, assemblies, Wa. 

Convejen, v. to accompany, also to 



bring, MD. — AF. cunveier; Late Lat. con- 
viare, to accompany. 

Conyng, sb. cony, rabbit, MD, Sa, S3, 
P; konynff, S; ounin, S; ooniff, MD, 
HD ; ©any, Prompt., HD ; oonie*, //., S3. 
— AF. conyng, conyn, conil (pi. conis) ; Lat. 
cuniculum (ace). 

Conyngere, sb. rabbit-warren, MD, 
HD ; oonnynffere, Prompt 

Coosted, //. //. went past, S3; see 

Coostei, sb. pi. properties, qualities, Sa ; 
see Cost. 

Coote ; see Cote. 

Cop, sb. top, head, MD, Sa, C, W, Wa ; 
coppe, dot., MD, Wa ; ooppis,//., Wa. 

Copfe, sb. cape, cope, Voc.,Sa, C ; kope, 
S ; eoope, Prompt., MD ; oopis, pi., P. — 
Cp. I eel. kdpa ; Late Lat. capa, cappa. 

Copen, v. to cover with a cope, provide 
with a cope, PP, Sa ; iTCopet,^., Sa. 

Copen, v. to barter, to meet, to have to 
do with, to encounter, S3, Sh. — Cp. Du. 
koopen, to buy. 

Coper, sb. copper, C3, MD; oopyr, 
Voc., Prompt. ; copper, MD. — Du. koper ; 
Late Lat. cuper, cuprum, for Lat. cyprium 
{aes) ; from Cyprus ; Gr. Kbwpos. 

Coppe, sb. cup, Sa, P; see Cuppe. 

Corage, sb. heart, spirit, MD, C, Ca.— 
AF. corage. 

Corageus, adj. courageous, Sa, MD; 
coraffeoTU, Ca. — OF. corageus. 

Coral, sb. coral, MD ; coralle, Prompt. ; 
corall, Palsg., Manip. ; enraU, S3.— OF. 
coral ; Lat. corallum, corallium ; Gr. /copd\~ 

Corasine, sb. a corrosive, S3; see 

Coraye, v. to curry a horse, MD; see 

Corbel, sb. raven, MD; eorbyal, Sa; 
corby, S3.— OF. corbel (F. corbeau) ; Late 
Lat. corvellum (ace), from Lat. coruus. 

Cordewane, sb. Spanish leather, Ca; 
oordewan, MD ; eordewayne, Voc. ; 
oordwane, Prompt. ; eordnane, Voc. ; 
oorden, MD. — OF. cordouan, corduan, 
Prov. cordoan, Sp. cordovdn, cordovan 
leather (Minsheu), from Cordova, name of 
a town in Andalusia. 

Cordwaner, sb. a worker in leather, 
Prompt. ; cordwalner, SkD. — AF. corde- 
waner. See above. 

Core, sb. the heart, central part of fruit, 
Prompt., MD.— OF. cor \ Lat. cor. 
£ 2 



Corionr, sb. currier, W ; euriour, W. 
See Curry. 

Corn, sb. a grain, corn, MD, S, C3; 
ooren, S ; cornys, gen., S3 ; corns, //., 
S2; cornea, S2, PP, C2, W.— AS. corn, 
Goth, kaurn ; cp. Lat. grdnum ; see Brug- 
mann, § 306. 

Corny, adj. strong of the com or malt 
(applied to ale), C3. 

Corone, sb. crown, MD, Ca, C3; 
eoronne, MD, Ca; corowne, C; oornne, 
MD ; cronne, S ; the tonsure, G ; crane, 
S ; krnne, S ; orun, S ; oronnis, //., S3. 
— AF. corone (coroune) ; Lat. corona. 

Coronen, v. to crown, MD ; coronnen, 
S2, Ca ; orooni, MD, S2 ; y-eoronned, 
pp., S2 ; y-orouned, S3; y-coroned, PP; 
i-krnned, S; ornned, S. — OF. coroner 

Corosif, adj. corrosive, C3 ; corrosive, 
sb., a corrosive, a caustic, ND ; corslve, 
ND ; oorasine, S3 ; corsye, S2 ; oorsie, 
ND. — OF. corrosif, biting away. 

Coronr, sb. runner, W2 ; see Cnrronr. 

Cors, sb. curse, S3, G ; see Curs. 

Con, sb. a body, a dead body, MD, S, 
C2, C3, PP ; corps, S3, C2 ; corpis, S3.— 
AF. cors, corps ; Lat. corpus. 

Cors, sb. course, S2 ; see Conrs. 

Corsaint, sb. the body of a saint, a 
relic, MD ; oorseynt, S2 ; corselnt, CM, 
PP. — AF. corsaint ; Lat. corpus sanctum. 

Corser, sb. horsedealer, MD, S3, HD ; 
see Courser. 

Corsing, sb. exchange, barter, Sa; 
horse-dealing, HD. 

Corsye, sb. a corrosive, S2 ; see Corosif. 

Cort, sb. court, MD ; see Court. 

Corteis, adj. courteous, S2 ; corteys, 
S2; onrteis, S3, C— AF. curteis; Late 
Lat. cortensem, curtensem, 

Corteisliche, adv. courteously, PP; 
onrteisly, C2. 

Cortesye, sb. courtesy, PP ; cnrteysy, 
S2 ; cnrteisie, S2, C2, C3.— AF. curteisie. 

Cornmpable, adj. corruptible, C. 

Cornmpen, v. to corrupt, MD; cor- 

rnmpen, C. — OF. corrumpre; Lat. cor- 

Cornpcions, sb. pi. sores, illnesses, PP. 

Cornen,^. carved, S3, C; seeXeruen. 

Cos, sb. kiss, S, W, W2 ; see Cns. 

Cosan, pp. chosen, S ; see Chosen. 

Cosset, sb. a lamb brought up without 

her dam, S3, ND. 


Cosshe, sb. a little house, Prompt, Palsg. 

Cost, sb. rib, side of a human body, 
shore, coast, MD, S2 ; costs, C2 ; oostes, 
//., S2, P.— AF. coste; Lat costa. 

Cost, sb. nature, property, condition, 
manner, MD ; oostes, pi., properties, Sa ; 
coostes, Sa. Cf. Cust. 

CostagO, sb. expense, C2, HD. — OF. 
costage. See Costen. 

Costard, sb. a kind of apple, Prompt, 
ND; humorous expression for the head, 
Sh, ND ; costarde, S3 ; costard, a cap, 
ND. It probably means the 'ribbed 
apple/ — OF. coste + ard, see SkD (p. 796). 


Costard-monger, sb. seller of apples, 
costermonger, SkD ; costard-mongar, 
Palsg. ; costerd-monffer, SkD; oostar- 
monffer, ND. 

Coste, sb. cost, P; const, MD; cost, 
C2.— AF. cust, coust. 

Costen, v. to cost, MD ; coste, pt. s. t 
C2; costed, P; costed, pp., P.— OF. 
coster (couster) ; Lat. constare. 

Costey, v. to coast, also to come near, 
approach, MD ; coosted, pt. pi. went past, 
S3.— OF. costoier (F. cdtoyer). See Cost. 

Costlewe, adj. costly, CM, MD ; ooste- 
lewe, Prompt. See -lewe. 

Cosyn, sb. cousin, C, PP ; costn, S, Sa ; 
cnsyng*, S3; cosyns, //. kinsmen, W; 
oonsyns, W. — AF. costn (cousyn) ; cp. Late 
Lat. cosinus (Brachet) ; Lat. consobrinus. 

Cosynage, sb. kindred, fellowship, H ; 
cnsynaffe, H. 

Cote, sb. cottage, S, Voc, C, Ca ; cotes, 
//. sheep-cotes, S3 ; coates, S3. — AS. cot, 
also cyte (Grein) ; cf. OHG. cutti, ' grex * 

Cote, sb. garment, coat, Sa, PP, S3, Ca, 
C; coote, C, W.-AF. cote, OF. cotte, Pa. 
ai. 18; MHG. kotte, kutte. 

Cote-arnrare, sb. coat-armour, linen 
coat with armorial bearings worn over 
armour, body-armour, S3, C2, C. 

Coten, v. to provide with coats, Sa; 
cotyd, //. clothed, S3. 

Couche, sb. chamber, W. 

Conchen, v. to lay, place together, to 
lie down, MD, S2, Ca, C3; oowohyn, 
Prompt. ; oowchen,C. — AF. cucher, cocker t 
OF. colcher ; Lat. collocare. 

Conde, pt. s. could, Sa. See Xnnnen. 

Connforte, v. to comfort, Sa, PP. See 


Counte, sb. county, shire, P, MD ; 
•onntee, MD, PP.— AF. counte ; Late Lat 

Countesse, •*£. countess, Ca; oo nte— c, 
Sa ; cuntesse, S. — AF. contesse, from OF. 
eonte, comte ; Late Lat. comitem, a count (a 
court dignity), in Lat. a companion. 

Countrefete, v. to counterfeit, C, Ca ; 
eontrefete, MD ; oounterfeteA, pp., C3. 
— From OF. contrefet, contrefeit, pp. of 
contrefeire, contrefaire; Lat. contra + facer e. 

Conntre-taille, sb. correspondence (of 
sound) ; in phr. : at the oountretaille, with 
corresponding sound, C2.— OF. contretaille, 
the one part of a tally, the counter-tenor 
part in music (Cotg.). 

Countryng, sb. countering in music, 
S3 ; the plain chant, S3 (»). — See S3 (p. 

Coupable, adj. culpable, PP ; oupftMl, 
H.— OF. coupable. 

Coupe, sb. fault, PP ; curpe, PP, ND.— 
OF. coupe, colpe ; Lat. culpa. 

Coupe, sb. cup, Sa ; cape, S.— AF. cupe ; 
Lat cupa. Cf. Cuppe. 

Courben, v. to bend, MD ; eoutbed, 
//. s., P. — OF. courber ; Lat. curuare. 

Courche, sb. kerchief, S3 ; see Couer- 

Cours, sb. running, course, MD, Ca, C3 ; 
core, Sa. — AF. cours ; Lat. cursum (ace). 

Courser, sb. a steed, MD, Ca ; oour- 
■our, MD ; cowrcer, Prompt. — OF. cour- 
sier ; Late Lat cursarium (ace). 

Courser, sb. horse-dealer, Palsg. ; cor- 
ner, MD, S3 (s. v. horse) ; ecoreer, ND. 

Court, sb. court, enclosure, yard, PP, 
MD; curt, S; kurt, S; oort, MD; 
eourte, PP.— AF. curt ; Late Lat. cortem ; 
Lat. cohortem, an enclosure. 

Courteislich, adv. courteously, PP; 
see Corteielichc. 

Courte-py, sb. short coat or cloak, PP, 
Sa, C; oowrteby, Voc. ; kourteby, P; 
courte-ples, //., PP ; court-pits, PP.— 
Cp. Du. kort, short +pije, rough coat ; cp. 
E. pea in pea-jacket. 

Couthe, v. to make known, PP; see 


Couthe, pt. s. could, knew, S, Sa, S3; 
pp., Sa ; couth, Ca ; see Xunnen. 

Couthe, sb. kith, PP ; see Mjth. 

Cone, sb. den, Sa.— ONorth. c6fa, ' spe- 

lunca , (John 11. 38). 

Coreiten, v. to covet, MD, PP ; 00- 



pt. pl. 9 Wa.— AF. coveiter, OF. 
cuveitier; Late Lat *cupiditare. See 

Coveitise, sb. greed, avarice, PP; 
coueityee, C3 ; couetlse, PP ; couetyee, 
Sa, S3 ; oojuitUOm, pi., W.— OF. coveitise. 

Coreitous, adj. covetous, MD ; oouey- 
toue, Sa; oouetous, Sa.— OF. coveitus, 
AF. cuveitus ; Late Lat *cupiditosum. 

Couenable, adj. proper, fit, agreeing, 
W, MD, Sa, H; ouuenable, S; eonaUU, 
H ; conable, Prompt. ; ounabil, H. — AF. 
cuvenabte ; Late Lat. convenabilem. 

Couenaunt, sb. a covenant, PP ; cove- 
nant, PP ; oovand, MD ; eonant, MD. — 
AF. covenant, OF. convenant, pr. p. of 
convenir, to agree ; Lat. conuenire. 

Couent, sb. an assembly, a convent, MD, 
PP, Ca, C3; oouant, PP.— OF. covent, 
convent; Church Lat. conventus, from Lat. 
conuenire, to come together. 

Couerchief, sb. kerchief, MD; keuer- 
chief, MD; kerohef, C3; kyrchefe, 
Prompt.; oourchef, HD; oourche, S3; 
kercne, Prompt.— OF. couvre-chef cover- 
ing for the head (Cotg.). 

Coueren, v. to cover, MD, Ca ; keue- 
ren, MD, S3, P, W; kuueren, MD ; ky- 
ueren, MD, W.— AF. covrir; Lat. co- 

Coveren, v. to gain, to heal, to recover 
one's health, MD, Sa, W; keueren, MD, 
CM, PP; kuueren, MD, Sa; keuord, 
//. s., H. — OF. covrer, (in recovrer) coubrer, 
to seize (Bartsch) ; Lat. -cuperare (in re- 
cuperare); cp. Late Lat. cuperamentmm, 
acquisition (Ducange). 

Couert, adj. and sb. covert, hidden, a 
covert, MD ; oowart, S3.— OF. covert, pp. 
of covrir. 

Couerture, sb. bed-clothes, hone- 
cover, covering, MD, S; kuuertur, S. — 
OF. coverture. 

Couine, sb. conspiracy, craft, deceit, 
trickery, S3, MD, HD ; covyne,C; covin, 
MD, ND ; ©oven, ND. — AF. covine, from 
OF. covenir, convenir ; Lat. conuenire. 

Cow, sb. cow, MD, Voc. ; ku, S, MD, 
Voc. ; oou, MD ; kuee, gen. s., S ; ky, pi., 
MD, S3; kle, MD; kye, H ; kyn, MD, 
Sa, C; kyne, S3, P; kyjn, Sa ; kjen, 
PP; klen, Wa ; ken, MD, Sa, PP.— AS. 
ciif pl» c i (g® 11 * ciind). 

Coward, adj. and sb. cowardly, a coward, 
MD, Ca. — AF. coward, cuard, cp. the 
heraldic term lion couard, a lion with his 



tail between his legs, and the name for the 
hare in the old terms of hunting ' la cowarde 
ou la court cowe,' i.e. short-tail. — Formed 
with the suffix -ard from OF. coe, tail; 
Lat cauda. Cp. It. codardo, from coda, a 

Cowardie, sb. cowardice, C; oowardy, 
MD.— OF. couardie. 

Cowart, sb. covert, S3 ; see Couert. 

Cowde, Cowthe, pt. s. could, knew, 
G ; see Xnnnen. 

Cowschet, sb. cushat, wood-pigeon, S3 ; 
oowsoott, Voc. ; oowehot, SkD. — AS. 
aisceote (Voc), aiscute (OET.). 

Coy, adj. still, quiet, MD, C, Ca ; sober, 
modestus, Prompt. — AF. coy, quiet, OF. cot, 
Ps. 77. 13, also coit; Lat. quietum. 

Crabbe, sb. crab, S, Voc., Prompt.; also 
(in building) an arch, fornix, cancer, MD. 
— AS. crabba ; cp. AF. crabbe. 

Crabbed, adj. shrewish, cross, bitter, 
C2, Palsg., MD, PP; cratobyd, 'awke or 
wrawe, cancerinus? Prompt. 

Cracchen, v. to scratch, MD, PP, C ; 
crechen, S ; cark, JD. 

Craft, sb. might, power, ability, art, 
craft, deceit, MD, S, S2, C2 ; oreft, MD ; 
craftes, //. trades, P. — AS. craft; cp. 
OHG. kraft (Otfrid). 

Craftd, adj. skilful, sly, MD, S2 ; 
crafty, C, P ; creftl, S. 

Crafti-man, sb. artificer, W. 

Crage, sb. the neck, throat, S3, JD; 
orawe, the craw of fowls, Prompt., MD. — 
Cp. Du. kraag, neck, collar. 

Crak, sb. a thunder-peal, MD. Phr. : 
exakkis of wer, cannon, B. 

Craken, v. to crack (like thunder), to 
cry out, to chatter, to break with a noise, 
MD, PP ; crakeoe, //. s. t S.— AS. cracian. 

Crammasyn, sb. and adj. crimson, S3 ; 
see Cximoalna. 

Crammen, v. to cram, stuff, MD; 
erommen, MD ; oremmyn, Prompt. ; 
i-erommet,//., Sa. — AS. crammian. 

Crampe, sb. the cramp, Voc., Prompt., 
PP ; craumpe, CM.— OF. crampe (Cotg.) ; 
ODu. krampe. 

Crane, sb. crane (bird), MD, Voc.; 
kranes, pi, MD ; oxannis, S3 ; crones, 
MD.— AS. cran (Voc.). 

Crasen, v. to break, MD; craeed,//., 
S3, C3 ; oraald, PP. Cp. Swed. krasa, to 
break in pieces. 

Cratcjie, sb. manger, W, Wa ; oratoh, 
HD, Cotg. (s. v. creiche) ; oraoohe, Voc, 


Prompt.; creoche, MD. — OF. creche \ 
Prov. crepcha, crepta ; OHG. crippea (Ta- 
tian). Cf. Crlbba. 

Crauen, v. to crave, beg earnestly, S, 
MD., to prosecute, accuse, MD. — AS. cra- 
fian, ' petere, postulare ' ; cp. Low Lat. era- 
vare, m judicium mittere (also written 
gravare), see Schmid, Ducange. 

Crawand, pr. p. crowing, S3 ; see 

Creat, //. created, MD.— Lat. creatus, 
pp. of creare. 

Creatonr, sb. Creator, C3.— OF. erea- 
tour; Lat. creator em. 

Creature, sb. creature, MD ; creatour, 
MD; creator, Sa. — OF. creature; Lat. 

Creaunce, sb. belief, MD, C3; cre- 
anoe, Sa, C3. — OF. creance, credence; 
Late Lat. credentia. 

Creauncen, v. to borrow, MD. 

Creaunt, pr. p. and adj. submitting as 
conquered, MD, PP ; in phr. : cry ' cre- 
aunt,' MD. — OF. errant; Lat. credentem. 

Crechen, v. to scratch, S; see 

Crede, sb. the Creed, S, C3, PP ; credo, 
S, PP.— Lat. credo, I believe. 

Credensynge, sb. believing, S3. 

Creftl, adj. crafty, S ; see CraftL 

Creme, sb. the sacred oil used in anoint- 
ing, chrism, Voc., HD, MD ; cream, HD ; 
creame, Palsg. ; creyme, Sa, Voc ; Phr. : 
Mile of creme, i.e. the Mount of Olives, 
MD. — OF. cresme ; Church Lat. chrisma ; 
Gr. xpiaixa. Cf. Criame. 

Cremelen, v. to anoint with oil or fat, 
MD ; y-cxymyled, //., PP ; kremelyd, 
MD; oxymalled, PP.— OF. cresmeler, to 
anoint with holy oil. 

Crempe, v. to draw in, S. Cf. G. 
krampfen. See Crampe. 

Crennis, cranes, S3 ; see Crane. 

Crepen, v. to creep, S, Ca; orope, 
MD; oreap, //. s., MD; crep, MD; 
crope, MD ; 2pt.s.,Y; ornpen, //., MD ; 
crepte, pt. s. (weak), MD ; cropen, pp., 
MD. — AS. criopan, pt. criap (pi. crupon), 
pp. cropen. 

Create, sb. crest (of bird, helmet), sum- 
mit, MD, Prompt.; creistla, //., S3.— 
OF. creste ; Lat. crista. 

Cresten, adj. Christian, Sa; see Crlaten. 

Creyme, sb. the sacred oil, Sa ; see 

Cribbe, sb. crib, manger; crib, MD; 


crytobe, Prompt. ; cribbe, S, MD. Cp. 
OHG. crippea (Tatian). 

Crike f sb. creek, MD ; krike, MD, S ; 
cryke, C, Prompt. — Icel. kriki. 

CriniOSine, sb. and adj. crimson, S3; 
orimosin, SkD; orammasyn, S3. — OF. 
cramoisin (cramoisi) ; Low Lat. carmesi- 
num; from Pers. qirmisi, crimson; from 
Skt. krmi, a worm, insect, (i. e. the cochi- 
neal insect). 

Crime, sb. consecrated oil for anoint- 
ing, MD ; erysme, oil, Prompt. — Church 
Lat. chrisma, sacred oil ; Gr. x/ x '°> 4a » Cf. 

Crisme-child, sb. the child anointed at 
baptism, MD. 

Crisme-clotf, sb. the chrisom, the cloth 
tied round the head of the anointed child, 
S. Cp. Church Lat. chrismalis pannus. 

Crisome, sb. the chrisom-cloth, cris- 
male, Voc; orysome, Palsg. ; crlsom 
Cotg. (s. v. cresmeau). 

Crist, adj. and sb. anointed, Christ, MD, 
Sa, W, Wa.— Lat Christus; Gr. \piar6s : 

Cristen, adj. and sb. Christian, S, Ca 
C3 ; christen, S, Sa ; oresten, S2. — Lat! 

Christendom, sb. Christianity, S, Sa, C3 
crystendom, Sa. — A.S. cristenddm. 

Cristenly, adv. in a Christian manner. 

Cristes-messe, sb. Christmas, MD 
Cristemasse, Ca. 

Cristiente, sb. Christendom, MD 
cristlaxite, S3; cristianytee, Sa, C3. — 
OF. crestiente, cristientet; Church Lat. 

Cristnien, v. to make Christian, to 
baptize, MD, Sa ; i-cristned, pp., Sa ; y- 
cristned, pp., Sa; cristned, C3.— AS. 

Critonns, sb. pi. refuse of the frying- 
pan, Wa.— OF. crctons (Cotg.). 

CrOChette, sb. a small hook, crotchet 
(in music), MD ; orochettes, pi. crockets, 
S3.— OF. crochet (Bartsch). 

Croft, sb. field, enclosure, PP, Sa, MD. — 
AS. croft ; cp. ODu. crocht, a field on the 

Croh, sb. a crock, waterpot, MD ; cr66s, 

Crois, sb. cross, PP, S, S3 ; croys, PP, 
Sa, Ca, C3; crois, MD; oroioe, MD, 
Sa. — OF. crois, croiz; Lat. crUcem, see 
Brachet Cf. Grouch*, Cros. 



Crok, sb. a hook, curl, a crooked way, 
wile, deceit, MD, Voc. ; erokes, //., S ; 
crooks, HD. Phr. : went on oroke, went 
astray, H. — Icel. krdkr. 

Croken, v. to bend, to curl hair, to turn 
aside, MD, Wa ; orokid, pp. curved, Wa ; 
i-croked, S. 

Croket, sb. curl, MD, HD. 

Crokke, sb. crock, pot, Sa, PP ; orooke, 
S, Voc. — AS. crocca. 

Crom-bolle, sb. crumb-bowl, S3. 

Cremme, sb. crumb, C3; erammt, 
MD ; crume, MD ; orome, MD ; crowm, 
Voc — AS. cruma. 

Crommen, v. to cram, MD, Sa ; see 

Crone, sb. an old hag, Sa, MD, C3; 
orony, SkD. Cp. ODu. kronie, karonie, 
an old sheep ; Picard car -one = F. charogne, 
see SkD (p. 797). See Caroline. 

Croniolo^ sb. chronicle, MD. — OF. 
cronique. For the intrusive / cp. manciple, 
participle, principle, syllable, canticle, 
treacle, cardiac U. 

Cronique, sb. chronicle, Sa ; chron- 
ique, C. — O.F. cronique ; Late Lat. chron- 
ica ; Gr. xpoviK6. t annals. 

Croos, sb. pi. water-pots, S ; see Oron. 

Crop, sb. top, upper part of a tree, crop 
of corn, Voc., PP, Sa ; eroppe, Prompt., 
Palsg.; oroppes, pi., young shoots, C; 
croppis, S3. — AS. crop. 

Crope, 1 pt. s. didst creep, P ; oropen, 
+p., MD ; see Crepcn. 

Crope, sb. crupper, HD ; croupe, CM, 
SkD.— OF. crope (F. croupe). 

Croper, sb. crupper, the hinder part of 
a horse, C3. — OF. croupiere (Cotg.). 

Cropiers, sb. pi. the housings on a 
horse's back, HD. 

Cropone, sb. the buttock, HD.— AF. 

CrOS, sb. cross, PP, MD; orosse, P, 
MD. — ONorse, cros (cors); cp. Ir. cros, 
Prov. cros. Cf. Grots. 

Crosselet, sb. a small crucible, C3 ; 
oroslet, C3. See SkD (s.v. crucible). 

CrOUChe, sb. the cross of Christ, cruci- 
fix, sign or representation of the cross, MD, 
PP, HD ; cmohe, PP ; crowch, S.— Cp. 
OHG. cr&ci (krAzi) in Otfrid ; Lat. cruci- 
(stem of crux). Cf. Crois. 

CrOUChen, v. to sign with the cross, 
MD; cruchen, MD; crowche, MD; 
crouched,//. s., MD. 



Croud, Croude, sb. a musical instru- 
ment (stringed), H, W ; see Crowd*. 

Crouken, v. to croak, Sa; crowken, 
Prompt. ; croak, Sh. 

Crouken, v. to bend down, S3, MD; 
see Oroken. 

Croune, sb. crown, the tonsure, S, G; 
see Oorone. 

Cronni ; see Coronen. 

Crooning, sb. crowning, Sa ; the ton- 
sore, P. See above. 

Crowch, sb. cross, S ; see Oronobo. 

Crowd, v. to coo as a dove, S3 ; croud, 

Crowde, sb. a mnsical instrument 
(stringed), Prompt, Cath., Voc. ; eronthe, 
MD; croud, H; croude ( = chorus), W, 
H; orowd, ND; crontn, MD.— Wei. 
erwth, a fiddle : Ir. cruit : Olr. crot ; cp. 
Low Lat. chrotta (Ducange). Cf. Bote. 

Crowde, sb. wheelbarrow, Prompt 

Crowden, v. to push, HD, Sa, C3; 
crouden, MD, HD, C3 ; crude, to press 
forward, S; crowdyn, Prompt; crnd, 
//. s., MD, HD.— AS. *cnidan y to press, 
drive, pt. criad (pi. crudon), pp. croden; 
cp. Du. kruyden, to push (Hexham). See 
Sievers, 384, 385. 

Crowdyng, sb. pressure, Sa, C3. 

Crowen, v. to crow ; erawand, pr. p., 
S3 ; bim ©rowetb,/r. s. reflex., C3. — AS. 
crdwan, pt. criow, pp. crawen. 

CrOWHell, sb. corolla, small crown, S3. 
See Corone. 

Crncchen, v. to crouch, MD ; emeliem, 


Cmche ; see Crouobe. 

Crnd, sb. curd, MD; eurdo, Prompt.; 
crnddea, //., Sa, PP; croddes, PP; 
crouds, JD ; curddys, Voc. 

Crnddid, pp. curded, Wa. 

Crude, v. to press forward, S; see 
Crow den. 

Cruel, adj. cruel, MD; ©rowel, MD; 
crewell, MD.— OF. cruel ; Lat. crutUUm. 

Crnelnesse, sb. cruelty, MD ; ermwel- 
bm, Sa. 

Crneltee, sb. cruelty, Ca. — AF. cruelfe; 
Lat crudelitatem. 

Crnlle, adj. curly, C; krone, MD; 
crolle, MD.— Cp, G. krolle, curl; see 

Crane, sb. crown, S ; see Oorone. 

Cry. sb. cry, MD; ©rye, Prompt; 
orel, S.— AF. cri, crie. 


Cryen, v. to cry, MD, PP ; orle, PP ; 
origin?©, pr. p., Sa ; orijed, pt. s., Sa ; 
erieden, //., S ; criede, Sa.— AF. crier y 
oyer, for older cridar ; cp. It gridare. 

Crymailed, pp. anointed, PP ; y-cry- 
myled, PP ; see Cr o mo l en. 

Crystal, sb. ice, crystal, MD ; erlsftal, 
Wa. — AF. crista/; Lat crystallum, ice 
(Vulg.), also, mountain-crystal; Gr. tepve- 
raAAor, ice. 

Cubit, sb. elbow, a cubit (measure), 
MD; onbytes, //., Ca; oupydes, Sa. — 
Lat. cubitum. 

Cncurbite, sb. a gourd-shaped chemical 
vessel. — Lat: cucurbit a, gourd. 

Cndde, //. s. made known, S; see 
Crroen, Kytnen. 

Cade, sb. cud, S, MD ; code, MD ; 
oudde, Prompt., Palsg. ; qulde, MD; 
quede, MD; quid, HD, SkD. 

Caen, sb. queen, S ; see Queue. 

Caffe, sb. cuff, PP, Prompt, Palsg.; 
coffe», //., PP.— Cp. MHG. kuffe, coif. 
Cf. Colfe. 

Cokkow, sb. cuckoo, MD, Prompt; 
oooow, Voc.; cocowe, Palsg.; encko, 
Voc. ; ffukgo, S3. — OF. coucou ; Lat cu- 
culum (ace). 

Cnlle, v. to strike, to kill, P; see 

Calme, sb. soot, Prompt. 

Calornm, sb. end, conclusion, PP. — For 
Lat. seculorum in the phr. : in secula secu- 
lorum, for ever and ever, at the end of the 
Gloria Patri. 

Cnlpon, sb. slice, shred, MD, C ; oul- 
pown, Prompt. ; eulpen, Manip. — AF. col- 
poun ; Low Lat. colponem ; cp. F. coupon. 

Colter, sb. coulter, the fore-iron of a 
plough, PP, Voc, Prompt. ; bolter, PP ; 
ooltre, PP.— Lat. culter. 

Culuer, sb. dove, MD, W, Wa ; ennfre, 
S ; oolvyr, Voc. ; eulnere, Sa. — AS. 
culfre (OET.). 

Culner-briddis, young pigeons, 

: W. 

Cum- ; see Com-. 

Crimen, v. to come, S ; see Cornea. 

Cnmlyng, sb. stranger, H ; see Come- 

Ctunplie, sb. compline, S ; see Compile. 

Camrit, pt. s. encumbered, Sa ; omm- 
merlt, S3 ; see Combren. 

Cnmsen, v. to commence, Sa, PP ; see 

Cun, v. to know how to, H ; see 



Can, sb. kin, kind, nature, S; conn*, 
da/., S ; see Xyn. 

Cnn- ; see Con-. 

Cunde, sb. kind, nature, S ; see XjnAm. 

Crude, adj. natural, kind, MD; see 

Cundeliche, adv. naturally, S; see 

Cunes-mon, sb. kinsman, S; see 

Cunin, sb. cony, rabbit, S ; see Coayns;. 

Cnnnen, v. to know, to be able, S, S2 ; 
see Xunnen. 

Cunreadnes, sb. pi. kindreds, S ; see 

Cnpabil, adj. culpable, H ; see Con- 

Cnppe, sb. cup, S, Ca, C ; ko&ps, S ; 
ooppe, Sa, P.— AS. «<//* ; Lat. cupa. Cf. 

Cnppe-mel, adv. by cupfuls, S2, PP ; 
in cnpmel, P. 

Cupydez, cubits, Sa ; see Cubit. 

Cnrace, sb. cuirass, S3, SkD ; curat, 
HD. — OF. cuirace; Late Lat. cor actum y 
from Lat. corium, leather. 

Cnrall, sb. coral, S3 ; see CorsX 

Curat, sb. curate, C. — Late Lat. curatus. 

Curatour, sb. curate, priest who has 
cure of souls, PP, Sa. 

Core, sb. a charge, cure of souls, PP, C3 ; 
«■*•■» pl-> Pursuits, Ca. — Church Lat. 

Curiour, sb. currier, W ; see Coriour. 

Curious, adj. busy, zealous, eager to 
know, dainty, fine, MD, S3; careful, C. 

Curlew, sb. curlew, coturnix. Prompt., 
Wa (Ps. 104. 40) ; curlu, H ; kurlu, MD ; 
eorlew, MD ; curlowyr, Voc. — OF. cor- 
lieu, curlew (Cotg.). 

CurrOUT, sb. runner, courier, Wa ; oor- 
omr, Wa; currouxs, //. light-armed 
troops, S3. 

Curry, v. to prepare leather, to curry 
horses, to rub down, flatter, S3, MD ; our- 
rayyn, Prompt. ; oozaje, MD. — OF. cou- 
rair 9 coureer (F. courroyer) ; It corredare ; 
from Low Lat conredium. See Coassj. 

CUTS, sb. curse, C, G ; cow, S3, G. 

Cursedly, adv. wickedly, Ca. 

Cursednes, sb. malice, wickedness, Ca ; 
curstrt-ncss e, Ca ; ounddnssss, misery, 

Cursen, v. to curse, MD ; oorss, Sa ; 
ourssds, pi. s., S ; ooned, pp., Sa.— AS. 

Curt, sb. court, S ; see Court. 

Curteis, adj. courteous, S3, C; see 

Curteisly, adv. courteously, Ca ; see 

Curteisye, sb. courtesy, PP ; see Cox- 

Cus, sb. kiss, Prompt ; oom, W ; 00s, 
S, W, Wa ; kossss,//., MD ; oonds, Wa. 
—AS. cos; cp. OHG. cus (Tatian). 

Cusen; see Chosen. 

Cussen, ». to kiss, S, MD ; kiUNMB, S ; 
kssss, S, Ca ; ousts,//. /., S ; kests, Ca ; 
Usts, S, Ca ; test, Sa ; eusssdsn,//., Sa. 
— AS. cyssan ; cp. OHG. cussan (Tatian). 

Cust, sb. choice, moral excellence, cha- 
racter, MD; ousts, dot., S.— AS. tyst\ 
cp. OHG. Must (Otfrid). See Chsssm. 

Custome, sb. custom, a public due, 
MD,S; customs, S; oostom, MD.— AF. 
custume, coustume; Late Lat. *consuetn- 
nimem, *consuetuninem ; Lat. consuetudi- 
nem ; see Constans, and SkD (p. 798). 

Custome-house, sb. custom-house, Sa. 

Cut, sb. a cut twig, a lot, C, C3, H, 
Prompt., MD; knt, H, MD; cutts, 
Palsg. ; kuttis,//., H. Phr.i to draw outs, 
HD. SeeXuttsa. 

Cuth, sb. race, people, PP ; see Xytk. 

Cuth, pp- known, S ; see Xunnsu. 

Cu8e,/A s. could, knew, S; see Xunmsm. 

CuSen, v. to make known, S ; see Xy- 

Cu&non, sb. acquaintance, kinsman, S. 
— AS. ctldman. 

CnVreden, sb. familiarity, MD. 

CnWe, sb. relationship, one's native 
land, S, MD ; see Xytn, Osttsn, Cnsttsa. 

Cut-purs, sb. cut-purse thief, PP ; kltts- 
pors, PP. See Button. 

CwaMen, v. to quake, S ; see Qusksn. 

Cwalm, sb. death, pestilence, MD ; see 

CwallU-hus, sb. prison, place of tor- 
ment, MD. 

Cwalm-stow, sb. place of execution, 
S, MD.— AS. cwealm-stow (Schmid). 

Cwaff, //. s. quoth, S ; see QucVea. 

CweadrSCnipe, sb. wickedness, S-; see 

CweUen, v. to kill, S ; see Quellsa. 



Cweme, adj. pleasing, S ; see Queme. 

Cwemen, v. to please, S ; see Qnemen. 

Cwennkenn, v. to quench, S; see 

CweUen, v. to speak, S ; ewett, //. s., 
S ; see Qneften. 

Cwic, adj. living, S ; see Qulk. 

Cwidden, v. to speak, announce, MD ; 
i-owiddet,//., S. — AS. cwiddian. 


Cwide, sb. speech, bequest, S ; see Que- 
flen. — AS. cwide, a saying. 

Cvll, sb. a canopy, SkD (s. v. ceil).— OF. 
aWj canopy, inner roof, ceiling (Cotg.); 
Lat. caelum, see Brachet, p. lv. 

Cyne-rice, sb. kingdom, rule, S ; see 

Cyrce-isBrd, church-yard, S; see 


Dade, sb. deed, S ; see Dede. 

D»d, adj. dead, S ; see Deed. 

D»de, sb. pi. deeds, S ; see Dede. 

D»i, sb. day, S ; d»5«, pi., S ; see Day. 

Dare, adj. dear, S ; see Dere. 

D»8, sb. death, S ; see Deep. 

Daft, adj. apt, fit, SkD (p. 799) ; deft, 
fit, mild, gentle, innocent, foolish, MD; 
daffe, a fool, Sa, PP ; deffe, obtusus, 
agrestis, Prompt. ; defte, dot., S. — AS. daft. 

Dafbe-like, adv. fittingly ; deftly, MD ; 
defly, MD ; dafftelike, S. 

Dage, days, S ; see Day. 

Dagen, v. to become day, S; see 

Dagge, sb. a jag of cloth, Prompt., MD, 
HD, CM ; dagges, //. jagged edges, PP. 

Daggen, v. to pierce, to notch, to jag, 
to cut at the edges, MD, PP, SkD (p. 150), 
CM, HD ; daggyn, fractillo, Prompt. ; 
daggyde, //., Prompt. — Cp. ODu. daggen , 
to stab. See Jagge. 

Dagger, sb. dagger, pugio, CM ; dag- 
gar, Voc. ; daggare, Prompt. 

Daghynge, sb. dawning, H ; see Daw- 

DagOTUl, sb. a jag of a blanket, CM ; 
dagon, HD. See Daggen. 

DaheV, sb. dawn; dahe$e«, gen., S. 
See Dawen. 

Dai, sb. day, S, W ; see Day. 

Dai-gang, sb. day's journey, Sa. 

Dai-liht, sb. daylight, MD; dai-li5t, S. 

Dai-rawe, sb. day-break, MD. 

Dai-red, sb. the flush of morn, MD. 

Dai-lime, sb. the edge of dawn, MD ; 
dai-rlm, S. — AS. dag-rima. 

Dai-Sterre, sb. day -star, S, Wa ; day- 
sterre, PP. — AS. dag-steorra, morning- 

Dale, sb. dale, valley, S, PP ; dele, S ; 
dalen, dot., S ; dale», //., MD ; deales, 
MD. — AS. dali Goth, dal; see Sievers, 49. 

Dalf, pt. s. dug, W ; see Delnen. 

Daliannce, sb. talk, C, Ca, C3; dail- 
anee, MD. — AF. daliaunce, interference. 

Dalien, v. to talk, Prompt. ; dalye, to 
play and sport, Palsg., MD. — AF. dayler, 
to dally. 

Dal-neominde, pr. p. as sb. partaker, 
sharer, S. — O. Merc, doel-niomend, Ps. 118. 
63 (VP.). 

Dalte, pt. s. dealt, G ; see Deelen. 

Damage, sb. damage, loss, Prompt., 
MD ; domage, S3. — AF. damage (also OF. 
domage); Late Lat. *damnaticum, from 
Lat. damnum. 

, sb. dame, lady, dam, S, C3, MD ; 
., MD. — AF. dame ; Lat. domina. 

Damesele, sb. damsel, S, Wa, MD; 
dainoysele, C. — AF. damoysele\ Late Lat. 
domicella, for *dominicella ; see Constans. 

Dan, sb. a title of respect placed before 
personal names, MD, Ca, CM ; dans, 
MD ; dann, MD, CM ; dene, S3.— OF. 
danz, dans ; Lat. dominus ; in oblique case 
OF. dam ; Lat. dominum, see Bartsch and 

Dang, pt. s. beat, S3 ; see Dyngen. 

Dar, 1 pr.s. I dare, MD ; dear, MD 
der, MD ; darst, a pr. s., S, C3 ; dsorst. 
MD; derst,MD; dar,/r. j.,MD,Ca,C3, 
P ; 4 dnrren, //., MD ; dnren, S ; doren 
W; dnrre, pr. subj. s., MD; //., S 
durste, //. subj. s., S ; durst, MD, P 
dnrste,//., S; doxste, S, Sa, Ca ; dorst, 
Sa, P ; dnrren, v., MD. — AS. dear, I darcj 
a pr. s. dearst, pi. durron, subj. durre^ 
pt. s. dorste. 

Dare, adj. dark, S ; see Derk. 

Darked, //. s. lay hid, S ; see Derken. 


Darklyng, adv. in the dark, S3, Sh, 

Dasewen, v. to be dim, MD ; 
C3 ; dasewide,//. s., W2.— Cp. E. daze. 

Dann y sb. a title of respect, CM ; see 

Dannger, sb. absolute control, power, 
also difficulty, MD, PP, C ; danngere, re- 
fusal, denial, S3 ; power to harm, PP. — OF. 
dangler, dongier, power, lordship, refusal, 
danger, (Bartsch) ; Late Lat *dominiarium, 
from Lat dominium, see Brachet 

Daungerons, adj. haughty, difficult to 
pleaseTMD, Ca, C. 

Dannten, v. to force, tame, MD, Sa, S3, 
P.— AF. danter, OF. donter (F. dompter); 
Lat domitare. 

Daw, sb. dew, S ; see Dew. 

Dawen, v. to become day, Ca, PP, 
Prompt, Palsg., MD, JD; dagen, S, 
Prompt ; da$ede,//. s., MD. — AS. dagian. 

Hawing, sb. dawning, S3 ; dagneynge, 
H ; daghynge, H. 

Dawnen, v. to dawn, Prompt 

Dawning, sb. dawning, MD ; dawen- 
ynge, C. 

Day, sb. day, SkD ; dart, S ; dal, S, W 
(iCor.4.3); da53,S; dei,S; derie«,#r».,S; 
deles, S ; phr. : be dsoies, by day, S ; now a 
dayes, Ca ; dale, dat., S ; daw, Sa ; da^es, 
//.,S; dayes, S; dawes, S, PP; dage, S; 
daga r gen., MD ; da^a, MD ; da^ene, 
MD; dawene, MD; dahene, MD, S; 
de^en, dot., S ; d8»;e, S ; dafee, S : Phr. 
to give day, to give trust, S3 ; bring of 
daw, to kill, Sa. — AS. dag, dages, dage ; pi. 
dagos, daga (and dagend), dagum. 

Dayerie, sb. dairy, C; deyry, Voc., 
Prompt. See 3>eye. 

Dayesie, sb. daisy, CM ; dayeeye, CM ; 
dads-eie, Voc; dayea-e^es, //. , S2.— AS. 
dages-iage, i. e. day's eye (Voc.). 

Daynen, v. to deign, S2 ; see Deynen. 

Dayntethis, dainties, H, MD. — 
OF. deintef, Prov. dentat, dintat\ Lat. 
dignitatem. Cf. Deyntee. 

Dayre, sb. dairy-maid, androchia, Voc. 
See Deye. 

De, v. to die, S3 ; see Deyen. 

De- ; see Bis-. 

Dea8, pr. s. doeth, S ; see Don. 

Deawes, sb. pi. dews, Sa ; see Dew. 

Debat, sb. strife, discord, Ca ; debate, 
S3, P ; debaat, C3.— AF. debat. 

De-baten, v. to contend, fight, MD, Ca. 
—OF. debatre (pr. p. debatant), It. dibat- 
tere, (Florio). 



Debonaire, adj. mild, gentle, MD, C ; 
debonere, Sa ; deboner, Wa, H ; debo- 
neixe, MD; dnbonnze, Sa ; debonayr, 
S3 ; debonmr, H.— OF. debonaire ; cp. Olt 
di bon aire. Cf. Bonaire. 

Debonerte, sb. gentleness, MD, H. — 
OF. debonerete, debonnaireteit (Ps. 44. 4). 

De-breiden, v. to tear apart, W. — This 
is a hybrid form : de + ME. bretden. 

De-breken, v. to break asunder, to tear, 
Sa ; debroken,^., MD. — A hybrid form. 

Debmsen, v. to bruise ; debrlae, MD ; 
debnuede, pt. s. f MD ; debmaed, Sa.— 
AF. debruser, OF. debriser. 

Deceit, sb. deceit, MD ; dlMeit, Wa. 
— AF. deceit ; Late Lat decepta. 

Deciple, sb. disciple, S ; see Disciple. 

Ded, sb. death, Sa, PP.— Cp. Swed. and 
Dan. dod. death. See Dee)). 

Ded, adj. dead, S, PP ; see Deed. 

Dede,//. s. did, S, Sa ; deden,//. ; see 

Dede, sb. deed, S, Sa, PP ; dade, S ; 
dede, //., S; d*>de, S; dedes, S, Sa ; 
deades, MD.— AS. did, (d<kd); cp. Goth. 
ga-deths, see Brugmann, § 75. 

Dede,//.//. died, S3; see Deyen. 

Dede, sb. death, PP, S, Sa, S3; see 
Ded v Dee)>. 

Dede-8tonre, sb. death-struggle, Sa. 

Dedeyne, v. to deign, S3. See Deynen. 

Dedly, adj. liable to death, H; see 

Dednit, sb. delight, pleasure, MD, HD ; 
dednyt,C; dednt,MD; dnte,MD.— AF. 
deduit; cp. Late Lat. deductus, 'animi 
oblectatio (Ducange) ; from OF. deduire, 
(refl.) to rejoice ; Late Lat. deducere. 

Dee, sb. a die, MD ; die, Sh. ; dee», pi. 
dice, PP, Ca, C3 ; dye, PP, C— OF. de 
(pi. dez) : It. dado, Prov. dot ; Lat. datum. 

Deed, adj. dead, Sa, Ca ; ded, S, PP ; 
d»9d, S ; dyad, Sa ; deade, //., S.— AS. 
diad ; cp. Icel. daudr, Goth, daups. 

Deedli, adj. mortal, subject to death, 
deadly, W, Wa ; dedly, H, PP ; diadlicn, 
S ; dedllch, MD, PP.— AS. diadlic. 

Deef, adj. deaf, MD, C; def, MD ; 
dene,//., C3.— AS. diaf\ Goth, daubs. 

Deel, sb. deal, share, MD, G ; del, S, S3 ; 
deal, MD ; deyl, Sa. Phr. : nener a deyl, 
not a bit, Sa ; enery deyl, Sa.— AS. d<kl\ 
cp. Goth, dails (daili-) ; see Douse, p. 94. 

Deelen, v. to deal, share, divide, MD ; 
delen, Sa, G ; delte,//. s. t C3 ; dalte, G; 



deled, #>.,G.— AS. d<klam Goth, dailjan , 
from <£u/i- ; see Douse, p. 113. 

Deep, «#'. deep, C ; dep, S ; deop, S, 
MD ; dyep, MD ; dup, MD ; depe, /£., Sa, 
C3; deopre, tpm/., S; deope, adv., S; 
deoppre, <v»*/. , S ; depper, C3. — AS. diop ; 
cp. Goth. <#«/j, Icel. <#j#r. 

Deer, sb. wild animal, Ca ; der, S; 
diere, dot., S; dnr, //., Ca.— AS. <£fcr; 
cp. Goth, dius, wild beast 

Deeb, jJ. death, Ca ; drift, S, MD ; de«, 
S; diath,S; dya)>,Sa; dead,S; ded, Sa, 
PP; dea*e,<k/., S; defte, S, S2 ; dede, S, 
Sa, S3. — AS. diap\ cp. Icel. dautfi, dauttri 
Goth, daupus. 

Defame, see Diflame. 

Defaute, sb. defect, fault, Sa, Ca, PP ; 
deflate, Sa ; defautie, //., S3, Wa.— AF. 
defaute, defaltc. 

Defenden, v. to protect, to forbid, Sa, 
MD, C3, H.— AF. defendre% Lat. defendere. 

Defense, sb. protection, prohibition, 
MD ; defenoe, Sa.— AF. defense, defence. 

Defet, pp. defeated, MD.— AF. defet, 
aefait, pp. oidefaire. 

Defien, v. to digest, MD, PP, HD; 
de&e,Sa; defy, Cath. 

Defien, v. to mistrust, to defy, PP; 
defye, despicere, Cath.— AF. defier, OF. 
desfier : It. disfidare, to defy, (Florio). 

Defiguren, v. to disfigure ; delyguxd, 
pp., S2. — AF. desfigurer. 

Defless, j£. pi., devils, S ; defien, S ; 
see Deuel. 

Defonlen, v. to tread down, MD, W, 
Wa, H, SkD (s. v. defile) ; defoilen, MD, 
SkD ; defonlid, pp., Wa.— OF. defouler, 
to trample on, rebuke (Cotg). ; cp. fouler 
(Bartsch), foller, Ps. 138. 11 ; It. follare, to 
press, to full clothes (Florio) ; Lat. *fullare 9 
to full cloth ; cp.fullo, a fuller. 

De-fbnlen, v. to make foul, inawnare, 
MD ; defowlyn, Prompt. ; defonlid, pp., 
W.— A hybrid form, de + ME. fulen. See 

Defbe, adj. gentle, S; see Daft. 

Deghe, v. to die, Sa ; see Deyen. 

Degoiltit, pp. spotted, S3. Cp. OF. 
degoutter (Cotg.), and Lat gutta, a drop, a 
spot, speck on an animal. 

Degyse, adj. fashionable, finical, H.— 
OF. desguisi, dissembled, sophisticated 
(Cotg.). See Disgyaen. 

Deb, sb. dye, colour, SkD.— AS. diah. 

Dehtren, sb. pi. daughters, S; see 


Dei, sb. day, S ; see Day. 

Deide ; see Deyen. 

Deih, pr, s. profits, S ; see Du;en. 

Dei-hwamliche, adv. every day, S.— 
AS. dag-hwamlice. 

Deir, v. to harm, S3 ; see Dere. 

Deken. sb. deacon, MD; diakne, MD ; 
deakne, MD; dekene, W; deknev, //., 
Sa, C3. — AS. diacon; Church L&L diaconus ; 
Gr. di&Koros (NT). 

Del, sb. deal, share, S, S3 ; see Deal. 

Del, sb. grief, Sa ; see Dole. 

Dele, sb. dale, S ; see Dale. 

Delen, v. to deal, Sa, G ; see Deelen. 

Delfin, sb. dolphin, Voc. ; Oeltyne, 
Prompt.; del&n,SkD; deliyn«,//.,MD; 
delpnyna, Sa. — Lat. delphinus; Gr. feA^tr- 
(stem of b*\<f>is). 

Delfnl, adj. doleful, Sa ; see Dolefalle. 

Delfnlli, adv. dolefully, MD; see 

Delices, sb. pi. delights, H, C3, Wa ; 
delieis, W, H.— OF. delices ; Lat delicias. 

Delit, sb. delight, MD ; delyt, S3, Ca, 
C3.— OF. delit, deleit. 

Delitable, adj. delightful, PP, S3, Wa, 

H; delytanle, Sa, Ca; dilitable, Sa.— 
AF. delitable ; Lat. delectabilem. 

Delite, v. to delight, Cath., PP, Wa; 
delyting-, pr.p., Ca.— AF. deliter; Lat 

Delitingig, sb. pi. delights, Wa. 

Deliner, adj. quick, active, MD ; dely- 
nere, C— OF. delivre, quick, literally 

Delineren, v. to set free, MD; delivery, 
Sa ; delyuexy, PP.— AF. deliverer ; Late 
Lat. deliberare ; Lat. de + liberare. 

Deliuerly, adv. quickly, nimbly, Sa ; 
delyuerly, Sa, C. 

Delnen, v. to delve, dig, S, Ca, P, W ; 
dalf,//. s., MD, W ; dalfe, W ; doluem,//., 
MD, P ; delueden (weakpt.), Wa ; dolue, 
subj., Sa ; i-doluen, pp., S ; y-Aolne, Sa ; 
doluen, buried, S, P ; i-doluen, Sa.— AS. 
delfan, pt. dealf(pl. dulfon), pp. dolfen. 

Deluers, diggers, Sa; deluexee,P. 

Deme, sb. judge, S. — AS. d/ma. 

Demon, v. to give doom, to judge, de- 
cree, S, Sa, S3, Ca; deeme, Sa; demde, 
pt. s., S; i-demed, pp., S; y-demed,, S ; 
y-demd, Sa ; i-demd, S ; demet, S ; dempt, 
S.— AS. demon : OS. ddmian, Goth, dcm- 
jan. See Doom. 

Demenen* v. to manage, to behave 


0*/?.)> MD ; demenyn#;, pr. p. shewing, 
S3. — OF. demener, to carry on, make ; 
demener joie, to rejoice, also demener dol t to 
grieve, Bartsch; cp. Cotg., and the phrase 
demener dolor in Roland. 

Demere,^. judge, S; demare,S.— AS. 

Demeyne, j£. power, possession, Ca ; 
Aea&ayn, MD ; demeigae, MD.— OF. <&- 
meine, property, that which belongs to a 
lord ; Lat. dominicum, from dominus ; see 

Bene, sb. a title of respect, S3 ; see Dam, 

Dene, sb. din, noise, PP, MD ; see Dyn. 

Beneis, Danes, S2.— OF. Deneis ; 
Low Lat. Denensis, a Dane, see Brachet, 

Denie, v. to din ; see Dinnen. 

Denne, sb. den, MD ; den, S ; dtnnts, 
//., Sa, W, H ; dennjs, H.— AS. denn. 

Dennen, v. to dwell ; dennede,//. *., S. 

Denounce, v. to command, W ( - Lat. 
denunciare). — OF. denoncer, to declare. 

Dent, sb. blow, S, Sa, PP, CM ; djnt, 
S3 ; dint, S, Sa ; dnnt, S, Sa.— AS. dyni. 

DeofeLL, sb. devil, S ; see Deuel. 

Deol, sb. grief, S, Sa ; see Dole. 

Deop v adj. deep, S ; see Deep. 

Deopliche, adv. deeply, S. 

Deopnesse, sb. deepness, S ; see Dep- 

Beore, v. to last, Sa ; see Duren. 
Deore, adj. dear, S ; see Dore. 
Deore-wnrSe, adj. precious, S; see 

Deer ling, sb. darling, S ; see Derlinff. 
Deorne, ^'.secret, dark, S; see Derne. 
Deonele, sb. devil, S ; see DeneL 
Den, adj. deep, S ; see Deep. 
Deporten, v. to separate, divide, PP, 
S3, C3, W, Wa ; to become separated, Sa ; 
depart, pp., S3.— AF. departir; OF. des- 
partir ; It. dispariire (Florio). 
Departere, sb. a divider, W. 
Departyng, sb. division, W ; depart- 
jngia,pl., Wa. 

Depaynt,//. painted, S3 ; depeyuted, 
C ; depaynted, S3 ; depeynt,, S3.— 
OF. depeindre (pp. depeinf). 
Depayntar, sb. painter, S3. 
Depe, sb. depth, Sa, C3.— AS. dype. 
Depen, v. to dip, Sa. 
Deplike, adv. deeply, MD ; deopllohe, 
S.— AS. (Uoplice. 



Depnesse, sb. deepness, depth, MD; 
depnes, Sa ; deopnesse, S. — AS. diopnes. 

Deprane, v. to slander, depreciate, Wa, 
PP. — Lat. deprauare, to distort. 

Depnren, v. to purify, S3, MD. — OF. 
depurer ; Late Lat. depurare. 

Der, sb. wild animal, S ; see "Dm*. 

Derby \—ph r - • father Derbies tends, 
handcuffs, S3 ; Darbies tends, DG ; dar- 
bies, DG. 

Dere, sb. harm, injury, MD ; darr, MD ; 
der, S3.— AS. daru. 

Dere, v. to harm, S, Sa, Ca ; derien, 
S, MD; deir, S3; ders,/r.//., Sa.—AS. 
derian ; cp. OHG. derien {derren) in Otfrid. 

Dere, adj. and adv. dear, S, PP ; diere, 
S; dnere, Sa; dare, S; dure, MD ; 
deore, S; der, Sa ; deir, MD; dene, 
comp.y C ; derrest, superl., P. — AS. de'ore, 
dyre : OS. diuri, costly, loved. 

Dereliche, adv. dearly, MD; dere- 
lyoh, Sa ; derli, Sa.—AS. diorlice. 

Dere-WTirSe, adj. precious, S; dere- 
worth, W; dierewurtn, S; d er w orp e, 
Sa, P; deorewurtie, S. — AS. diorumtte. 

DerewnrSlice, adv. respectfully, S. 

Dereynen, v. to answer to an accusa- 
tion, to maintain a right in a judicial con- 
test, CM, Sa ; dereyni, Sa ; derreyne, C ; 
darreyne, C; dereyned, pp., Sa. — AF. 
dereiner, OF. desresnter; Late Lat dis- 
rationare (also derationare) ; see Ducange. 

Der£, adj. brave, powerful, difficult, hard, 
MD; derfe, pi., MD; derne, MD, S; 
derfre, comp., S; dernre, S.— Cp. OS. 

Derf, sb. affliction, hardship, S. — AS. 

Derfliche, adv. severely, cruelly, S. 

Derk, adj. dark, MD, Sa, PP; deork, 
MD; dorc, S; daro,S; dirk, MD ; dnrk, 
MD ; derke, dat. t S.— AS. deorc. 

Derken, v. to make dark, to become 
dark, MD, S3 ; dirken, MD; darken, Sa. 

Derkful, adj. dark, W. 

Derkhed, sb. darkness, MD. 

Derknesse, sb. darkness, MD, W. 

Derling, sb. darling, S, Wa ; dnrlynff, 
S, MD; deorllng, S; derlyngis, //., 
chosen ones, W, Wa.— AS. diorling. See 

Derne, adj. secret, dark, S, Sa, P, H ; 
deorne, S; dnrne, MD ; dnrne, MD; 
dern, Sa. — AS. derne ; cp. OS. derni and 
MHG. tarn in tarn-kappe % the mantle of 
darkness, Grimm, p. 870. 



Dernel, sb. a kind of weed, rye-grass, 
lollium, Prompt. ; dernell, Palsg. ; dar- 
nel, S3, MD. 

Derring-doe, sb. daring enterprise, 
ND, S3. SeeDar. 

Dert, sb. dirt, S3 ; see Drit. 

DerVe, sb. dearth, S, P. See Dere. 

Derne, adj. bold, S ; derure, comp. 
more severe, S ; see Derf. 

Beraen, v. to afflict, S. See Derf, sb. 

Des- ; see Dia-. 

Desaly, Desselic, adv. foolishly, Sa ; 
see DuaUiohe. 

Desarayen, v. reflex, to fall into dis- 
order, Sa. — OF. desarroyer. 

Desauanntaffe, sb. disadvantage, S2 ; 
diaauauntage, MD; disadvauntages, 
//., MD. — OF. desavantage. 

Descenden, v. to go down, SkD. — 

AF. descendre ; Lat. descendere. 

Descensorie, sb. vessel used for ex- 
tracting oil per descensum, C3. 

Descriuen, v. to describe, MD; de- 
acryue, S3 ; deaoryfe, S2 ; dlseryne, S2, 
S3, C2 ; dlsereue, S2 ; discriued,//., S2 ; 
diaeryned, W. — OF. descrivre (pr. p. des- 
crivant) ; Lat. describere. 

Deserited ; see Deaneriten. 

Desert, sb. merit, C2.— AF. and OF. 
deserte, see Ducange (s. v. deservire). 

Deserven, v. to merit, MD; dis- 
aerued, pp., well served, W. — AF. de- 
servir ; Late Lat. deservire. 

Desi, adj. foolish, MD ; see DuaL 

Despeir, sb. despair, MD. — AF. de- 

Despeiren, v. to despair, MD; de- 
apeired, pp., Ca.— OF. desperer ; Lat. de- 

Desperate, adj. outrageous, S3.— Lat. 

Despisabil, adj. despicable, H; dl- 
apiaable, W2. 

Despit, sb. contempt, injury, S2, C3; 
deapyt, C2 ; despite, WW ; diapit, W.— 
AF. despit; Lat. despectum (ace). 

De-spiterol. adj. full of contempt, 

Despitons, adj. ignominious, MD, 
C ; diapitoua, contemptuous, S3 ; de- 
■pitua, H. 

DespitOUSly, adv. contemptuously, 
spitefully, S2,C2, C3; diapitoualy, C. 

Despoilen, v. to despoil, to strip, 


MD ; diapoilen, C2 ; diapoyled,^., S3.— 
OF. despoiller; Lat. despoliare. 

Dest, 2 pr. s. doest, S ; see Don. 

Destrer, sb. a courser, war-horse, MD ; 
dextrer, C2. — AF. destrer ; Late Lat. dex- 
trarium (from Lat. dextra, the right hand), 
the horse led by the squire on the right of 
his own horse. 

Destroyen, v. to destroy, MD; de- 
atrulen, MD, C ; deatrue, S2 ; dlstrnen, 
S2 ; deatrle, MD, W, W2 ; dyaatrye, 
S2 ; diatruyede,//. s., W ; diatried,^., 
W, W2. — AF. destruire (pr. p. destruyant) ; 
Lat. destruere. 

Destroyere, sb. destroyer, Prompt., 
MD ; distrier, W. 

DeV, pr. s. doeth, S, S2 ; see Don. 

DeV, sb. death, S ; see Deep. 

De8-vuel, sb. death-evil, S2. 

Dette, sb. debt, C2 ; dett, adj. due, H. 
— AF. dette ; Lat. debita. 

Dene, adj. pi. deaf, C3 ; see Dee£ 

Penh ; see Dew. 

Deuel, sb. devil, S, S2, Wa; deofel, 
MD ; deofeU, S ; diuel, S ; dyeuel, S2 ; 
dewlll, S3 ; dewle, Prompt. ; dwylle, 
MD ; deouele, S ; dieflea, £??*., S; dienle, 
dat.y S; deoflea, pi, MD ; defieaa, S; 
deoulea, S ; deoflen, S ; deflen, S ; deof. 
lene,#r». pi., S.— AS. deofol; Lat. diabo- 
lus (Vulg.) ; Gr. didfiokos ; cf. OHG. diufal 

Deuin, sb. prophesying, divinity, theo- 
logy, MD ; diuyn, Sa. 

Deuiue, sb. theologian, augur, sooth- 
sayer, MD ; dynynea, //., MD.— OF. de- 
vin ; Lat. diuinum. 

Deniuen, v. to foretell, guess, suspect, 
MD ; deuyne, PP. 

Deuinour, sb. interpreter, explainer, 
theologian, MD, PP ; dyuynour, PP. 

Deuise, sb. tale, narrative, S3 ; deuya, 
order, C. 

Deuisen, v. to divide, arrange, order, 
decide, tell, relate, MD, S2 ; denyae, Ca, 
C3; denlce, MD, S2 ; alulae, S2.— AF. 
deviser, It. divisare; formed from Lat. 
diuidere (pp. diuisus). 

Deuisynge, sb. narration, S2. 

Denoid,//. as adj. destitute of, SkD. 

Deuoiden, v. to quit, leave, also to 
annihilate, exterminate, MD ; denoyden, 
Sa. — OF. desvoidier, desvuidier. 

Devoir, sb. duty, knightly duty, PP, 
Ca ; deuoyr, S3 ; devor, ND, PP ; deuer, 


PP, CM.— OF. devoir (sb. orig. v.); Lat. 

Deuoaren, v. to devour, MD ; devoir, 
S3. — AF. devourer ; Lat. deuorare. 

Dew, sb. dew, PP ; daw, MD ; daw, S ; 
den, S ; denn, PP ; deawea,//., Sa.— AS. 

Dewlll, sb. devil, S3 ; see DeneL 

Dewite, sb. duty, S3 ; see Dnete. 

Dewle, sb. grief, S3 ; see Dole. 

Dextrer, sb. a war-horse, Ca ; see Dee- 

Deye, sb. a female servant, esp. one who 
looks after the cows and dairy, androchia, 
Voc, Prompt., C; deye, a cow-boy, an- 
drochiusy MD, Cath.— Icel. deigja, see CV; 
cp. AF. deye. 

Deyen, v. to die, Sa, PP ; de;en, MD, 
Sa; degne, Sa ; dele,S; dey, S3; dye, 
PP; diae, PP; dyje, Sa, PP ; de, S3; 
deide,//. s., S, Sa ; dei;ede, MD ; deyde, 
Ca; deid,Sa; delt,S3; dede, //., S3 ; 
deyed,#>., Ca.— Icel. deyja : OS. ddian. 

Deyen, v. to dye, MD ; dyyn, Prompt.; 
dyed,//, s., Ca.— AS. diagian, from diah. 
See Deb. 

Deyere, ^. dyer, C. 

Deyl, sb. deal, share, Sa ; see DeeL 

Deynen, v. to deign, to appear good, 
to please, MD, CM, Sa ; deignen, MD ; 
daynede,//. s., Sa ; dayned him, (rejl.) 
Ca. — AF. deigner; Lat. dignare. 

Deynous, *#. proud, disdainful, MD, 
CM, Cath. (p. 95, *.). 

DejUtee, sb. worth, pleasure, liking, 
Sa, Ca, C3 ; deynte, Sa ; deinte, MD ; 
deyntee*,//., Sa, Ca, C3.— OF. daintie, 
deintet, Prov. din- tat \ Lat. dignitatem. Ci 

Deyntee, adj. dainty, Ca, C3. 

Deynteuous, adj. choice, dainty, Ca. 

Deys, sb. dais, high table in hall, C, 
Ca, PP; deyes, PP; dels, PP; deae, 
PP; deyse, PP; dee»,MD; de»,MD; 
«ay, canopy, JD.— OF. deis (AF. dais) ; 
Lat. discum (ace), see Brachet, p. lxv. Cf. 

Defter, sb. pi. daughters, Sa; see 

Di- ; see De-, Die. 

Dia, sb. A term set before medicinal con- 
fections or electuaries that were devised by 
the Greeks, Cotg. ; dya, HD ; dya*, //. 
remedies, medicines, PP. — Gr. &a. See 

Diadlich, adj. mortal, S ; see Deedli. 



Diamant, sb. diamond, PP, Cath.; 
dyamand, MD ; dyamaont, C. — OF. dia- 
mant, a diamond, the loadstone (Cotg.). 
See Adamant. 

Dia-penidion, sb. a kind of sweet stuff 
like barley-sugar used to relieve coughs, PP ; 
dlapenydlon, PP ; diopendion, Sa.— OF. 
diapenidion, It diapenidio, cp. diaptidc, * a 
diapedon or confection made of Penids* 
(Florio). See Dia and Penld. 

Diaper, sb. a kind of figured cloth; 
dyaper, MD; dlapexy, MD.— OF. diaspre, 
diaspe, diapered cloth; Lat iaspidem, 
jasper; from Gr. taams, probably of Semitic 
origin ; see Diez, p. 119. 

Diaper, v. to variegate, adorn with 
figures and colours, ND; dlapred, pp., 
ND; dyapred, C. 

Diath, sb. death, S ; see Deep. 

Dicht,^. prepared, Sa ; see Dlnten. 

Diciples, disciples, S; see Dis- 

DiefleS, sb. gen. devil's, S ; see DeneL 

Dier, sb. wild animal, beast ; diere, dot., 
S ; see l>eex. 

Dier-chin, sb. deer-kind, beasts, S. 

Diere, adj. dear, S ; see Dere. 

Diere-WUrV, adj. precious, S; see 

Diete, sb. diet, food, MD, C ; dyetis, 
//., PP.— OF. dieted Late Lat dieta, Lat 
dictta ; Gr. dlcura. 

Dieten, v. to diet; dl3ete, pr. subj., 
Sa, PP. 

DieV, pr. s. doeth, S; see Don. 

Dienle, sb. dot. devil, S ; see DeueL 

Diffacen, v. to deface, MD; defaoe, 
to obliterate, Ca ; defaste, pp., S3.— OF. 

Dif-faden, v. to fade away, MD ; de- 
fade, to cause to fade, S3 ; defadide, pp.. 

Diffame, sb. dishonour, disgrace, MD, 
S3, Ca ; defame, C3.— OF. diffame. 

Diffamen, v. to spread abroad a ru- 
mour, also to slander, MD, Sa ; defame, 
Ca ; dlflameden, //. //., W ; defamed, 
PP-, W, C3.— AF. diffamer, to slander; 
Lat diffamare, to spread abroad a report. 

Digne, adj. worthy, proud, MD, C, Ca, 
C3, Sa, S3 ; dygne, Sa. Phr. : digne as 
dlch-water, i. e. making people keep their 
distance, S3.— OF. digne ; Lat. dignum. 

Dignelich, adv. worthily, P ; dyngne- 

" " , Sa. 



Dignete, sb. worth, dignity, high office, 
MD; dignitee,Ca; dingnetea, //., Sa.— 
AF. dignete ; Lat dignitatem. Cf. Deyntee. 

Dihten, v. to order, rule, prepare, adorn, 
MD, Sa; disten, MD ; dl^tti, S2; dilit, 
pr. s., S; dightea, Sz; dihte, pt. s., S ; 
d±5te, Sa ; diht, pp., Sa ; di 3 t, MD, Sa ; 
digat, MD, S3 ; ydi*t, Sa, S3 ; dyjt, Sa ; 
dicat, S2 ; ydyjt, S3 ; dygtli, H.— AS. 
dihtan ; Lat. dictare. 

Dilatacionn, sb. extension, diffuseness, 
Sa, C3. — Lat. dilatationem. 

Dim, adj. dim, MD; dym, C; dymme, 
MD ; dimme,//., S. — AS. dim. 

Dimliche, adv. dimly, softly (of 
sound), MD ; dimlnker, comp. t S. 

Dunnes, sb. dimness, Sa. 

Dinnen, v. to din, MD ; duaien, MD ; 
denie, S; dlnede, //. s., MD; donyd, 
MD; dynnit, MD.— AS. dynian\ cp. 
Icel. dynja. See Dyn. 

Dint, sb. blow, S, Sa ; see Dent. 

Dinten, v. to strike, S. 

Diopendion, sb. a kind of barley-sugar, 
Sa ; see Dia-penidion. 

Dirige, sb. the name of an anthem in 
the office for the dead beginning with the 
words from Ps. 5. 8, ' Dirige, Dominus 
mens,' MD, S3 ; dyrge, MD ; dorga, MD. 

Dis- ; see Des. 

Disburse, v. to pay out of a purse, 
Sh ; detours, S3.— OF. desbourser. 

Dischargen, v. to unload, MD ; des- 
ehargen, MD ; diachargiden,, W. 
— AF. deseharger. 

Dischevele, pp. with hair in disorder, 
MD,C. — OF. descheveli, pp. oidescheveler, 
to dischevel (Cotg.). 

Disdanndre, v. to slander, Sa, C3. 

Disciple, sb. disciple, W (John 20. 2) ; 
dieciplis, //., PP, W ; didples, S ; de- 
dples, S; deeipelia, Sa.— AF. disciple ; 
Lat. discipulum (ace). 

Disciplesse, sb. a woman-disciple, W. 

Discipline, sb. chastisement, MD; dis- 
ciplines, //. flagellations, S.— OF. disci- 
pline (Cotg.); Church Lat disciplina 

Disclaundre, sb. evil fame, Sa, PP ; 
desclandre, MD; dlslander, ND. See 

Disclose, v. to disclose, S3; des- 
olosan, Sa.— OF. desclore (subj. -close)) 
Lat disclauderc. 

Discomfiten, z>. to defeat, to put to 


the rout, MD; dyscowmfytyn, Prompt,; 
disconfet, pt. s., MD; dlsoonfite, MD; 
pp., MD ; diaotunfyst, S3 ; dyeeonllted, 
S3.— OF. desconfire (pp. desconfit); Lat. 
dis + conficere. 

Discomfiture, sb. defeat, MD; dis- 
comfiture, C. — AF. descumfiture, desconfi- 

Disconfbrt, sb. discomfort, C; dls- 
oomfort, W. 

Disconforten, v. to trouble, discom- 
fort, C ; disconfbrt, S3 ; dlscomforten, 
MD.— OF. desconforter. 

Disconeren, v. to discover, uncover, 
MD, C3 ; diakeuer, MD ; diacure, S3.— 
OF. descovrir, descuvrir. 

Disdeyn, sb. disdain, Ca ; deadaya, 
CM ; deedeyn, C ; dedeyn, MD, W, H ; 
dedeyne, HD.— AF. dedeigne, OF. da- 

Disdeyne, v. to disdain, C2 ; das- 
dainen, MD. — AF. desdeigner, It. disdeg- 

Disese, sb. lack of ease, MD, Sa, Ca, 
C3, W ; deaeae, S3.— OF. desaise. 

Disesefol, adj. troublesome, Wa. 

Disesid,//. troubled, W. 

Disgysen, v. to disguise, MD; de- 
giaen, PP, MD ; degyaet, pp., Sa ; dis- 
guised, S3.— AF. degiser, degyser, OF. 
desguiser. Cf. Degyae. 

Dishexiten, v. to disinherit, Sa ; des- 
eritade, //. s., Sa ; desexited, pp., Sa ; 
disheryt, C— AF. desheriter, OF. des- 

Disjoint, sb. perplexity, MD ; dia- 
joynt, C. — OF. desjoinct, pp. of desjoindre ; 
Lat. disjungere. 

Dismayen, v. to dismay ,G ; desmayen, 
MD. — OF. *desmayer; cp. Sp. desmayar, 
also (with different prefix), OF. esmaier, 
Prov. esmagar } It. smagare. 

Disonr, sb. professional story-teller, 
minstrel, MD; diseuras, //., P.—OF. 
disour, diseor: Sp. dicedor, It dicitore, 
from Lat. dicere. 

Disparage, sb. a want of parity or 
equality, especially in birth or station, dis- 
paragement, disgrace, Ca. See Parage. 

Disparagen, v. to disparage, disgrace; 
disparaged,//., MD.— AF '. desparager. 

Disparplen, v. to become scattered, 
also to scatter, W ; desparplen, MD, Sa ; 
dyaparplyn, Prompt. ; sparplyn, Prompt; 
disperpelde, //. s., H ; deperpeyld, H ; 
diaparpoilid, pp., Sa; disparplid, dis. 


parplit, W.— OF. deparpillier, Ps. ai. 14 
(cp. It sparpagliare, Florio) ; from OF. 
*parpilh, butterfly ; Lat. papilio, see Bra- 
cket (s.v. eparpiller), and Diez, p. 236. 

Dispence, sb. expenditure, C, C2, S3 ; 
dispense, Ca, MD ; dispenses,//., S3.— 
OF. despense. 

Dispenden, v. to spend, S3, Ca, H ; 
despenden, Ca, MD; dispent,^., S3. — 
AF. despendre; Late Lat. dispendere t to 
weigh out. 

Dispendonr, sb. steward, W; dis- 
pendere, W. 

Diapers, //. dispersed, S3, MD.— Lat. 

Displesance, sb. annoyance, C3.— 
OF. desplaisance. 

Disport, sb. pleasure, recreation, Sa, S3, 
C2, C3 ; desport, C3, MD.— AF. desport, 
mirth ; cp. OF. deport (Bartsch). 

Disporten, v. to cheer, amuse, MD.— 
OF. se desporter, se deporter.; cp. It. di- 
portare (compounded with Lat. de-). 

Disposed,//.; mphr.x wel disposed, 
in good health, C3. 

Dispnten, v. to dispute, MD; des- 
puten, MD.— AF. desputer; Lat. dispu- 

Dispnteson, sb. disputation, MD ; 
dlsputlsoiin, C; desputtsoun, MD.— OF. 
desputeson ; Lat. disputationem (£pr -eson-* 
-tionem, see Ps. Introd. xxx). 

Disseit; seeDeoelt. 

Disseneren, v. to separate, C3.— AF. 
deseverer ; Lat. dis + scparare. 
. Disshe, sb. dish, PP ; dlson, S ; dysone, 
discus, Voc; dysshe, discus, Prompt.; 
dlsbe, disc, quoit, MD; disse, S; dys- 
ghes,//., Sa.— AS. disc; Lat. discus; Gr. 
dlatcos, quoit. C£. 3>eys. 

Dissheres, sb. a female dish-seller, P. 

Dissinrolen, v. to pretend a thing is 
not so, MD, C3 ; dlssymlllde,//. s. f Wa. 
— Lat. dissimulare. 

Dissixnnlinge, sb. dissembling, Ca, 

Distaf, sb. distaff, Ca; dystsf, Voc; 
dysestale, Voc. 

Distinguen, v. to distinguish, MD; 
destlng;e)>, pr. pi, MD ; dlstyngls, imp. 
pL, H ; dlstiiifrwed,^., MD ; distyngid, 
H. — OF. distingucr. 

Distrier, sb. destroyer, W ; see De- 

Distraught, pp. distracted, tormented, 
S3; Olstrauhte, MD; desteaft, SkD.— 



OF. destrait (F. distrait) ; Lat. distr actum, 
pp. of distrahere. 

Distresse, sb. distress, misery, Sa ; de- 
stresse, MD. — AF. destresse, dcstrescc; 
Late Lat. *districtitia from Lat. district™ % 
pp. oidistringere, to pull asunder, to punish. 

Distreynen, v. to vex, S3 ; destxeyne, 
C ; dlstrayne, S3.— AF. dcstreindrc (pr. 
p. destreignant) ; Lat. distringere. 

Distnrben, v. to disturb ; destou*be, 
C3 ; dlstourbe, MD ; destnrbi, MD— 
AF. desturber ; Lat dis tur bare. 

Distnrblen, v. to disturb, trouble, 
MD, W, Wa ; dlsturtUd, pp., Sa, W, Wa. 
Cp. OF. tourbler, torbler (F. troub/er); 
Late Lat. *turbulare, from Lat. turbare. 

Disturblyng, sb. disturbance, W, Wa. 

Diten, v. to indict for trespass, Prompt. 
—OF. dieter ; Lat. dictare. Cf. Dlhten. 

Diuely sb. devil, S ; see Deuel. 

Diueren, v. to tremble, S, MD. 

Diuulgate, pp. divulged; dy-wlg>t, 
S3. — Lat. diuulgatus. 

Dinyn ; see Deuln. 

Diyngis, dyes, colours, W2 ; see 

DL^e, to die ; see Deyen. 

Duel, adj. secret, MD ; dl^ele, dot., S. 
—AS. digol, digol, diogol,diagol; cp. OHG. 
tougali (Tatian), also with different suffix, 
dougan (Otfrid). 

Dl*te,//. s. ordained, Sa ; dljt,//. pre- 
pared, S2 ; see Dlfcten. 

Doale, sb. dole, portion, S3 ; see Dool. 

Docken, v. to cut away the tail, decau- 
dare, MD; to cut short, C; dokkyn, 
Prompt. See Dok. 

Dodden, v. to crop, lop branches, MD, 
Prompt; i-dodded, //., S; doddyd (as 
trees), Prompt 

Doddit, adj. without horns, JD ; doddy, 
JD ; doddle, sb. cow without horns, JD. 

Dogge, sb. dog, MD, Sa, Voc, Prompt, 
Wa (Ps. ai. ai), PP, Ca.— AS. docga. 

Dohter. sb. daughter, S ; dorter, S, Sa ; 
doubter, P, Wa ; dowter, S ; dountres, 
//., S ; dQt^tres, P ; dou^trls, Wa ; d<m- 
tres,S; defter, Sa; d03tren,.Sa ; dough- 
tren, C ; dehtren, dat., S.— AS. dohtor 
{dehter, dat s.); cp. Goth, dauhtar; see 
Sieveis, 93. 

Dok, sb. a tail, MD, JD.— O. Norse 
dockr; see MD. 

Doke, sb. duck, Sa, Voc., PP, C; 
donke, PP ; dooke, Prompt. ; duke, Voc. ; 
dnk, PP. 




Dole, sb. grief, P, CM; deol, S, MD, 
Sa; dnel,MD; doel,P; diol,MD; dol, 
MD ; dool, Sa, CM ; dul, MD ; da, MD, 
Sa ; dewle, S3 ; dnle, S3.— OF. doel, duel, 
deol, dol, del; Late Lat *dolium, from dol-, 
stem of Lat dolere, to grieve ; see Constans, 
supplement, p. 33. 

Dolefolle, adj. doleful, MD; delfnl, 
Sa, MD. 

Dolfin, sb. dolphin, MD ; doulphyn, 
Palsg.— OF. doulphin (Palsg.), daulphin 
(Cotg.), Prov. dalfin; Lat delphinum. 
Cp. Delfin. 

Dolfally, adv. dolefully, G; delfnlli, 

Deluen, pt. pi. dug, P ; pp. buried, S, 
P ; see Deluen. 

Dom, sb. judgment, S, Sa, W; dome, Sa, 
G ; see Doom. 

Domage, sb. damage, loss, S3; see 

Domb, adj. dumb, MD, C3; doumb, 
MD ; dom, Prompt. ; dom, MD ; dnmbe, 
Manip. ; donm1>e, S, Sa ; dome, S3. — AS. 
dumb', cp. Goth, dumbs, OHG. dumb, 
foolish (Otfrid). 

Dome, sb. doom,J5a ; domes, pi., Sa, G ; 
fiee Doom. 

Domes-day,^. dooms-day^ P; domes- 
dat, S ; domesdei, S.— AS. d6mes-dag. 

Domes-man, sb. judge, S, W, Wa ; 
*,pl. H 

Domlen, v. to be dull ; domland,/r./. 
clouding over, Sa. 

Dom-piace, sb. judgment-haH, W. 

Don* Xf. to do, put, make, cause, S ; do, 
S, Sa ; donne, ger. t S, Sa ; done, S«* MD ; 
doand, pr, p., Sa ; doande, CM ; doing, 
S3 ; do*, imp. pi. S ; dest, a pr. s., S ; 
de*, pr. s„, S, Sa; die*, S; dea*, S; 
do*, S, Sa ; do*, //., S, Sa ; done, Sa ; 
dude, pt. s^ Sa ; dide, S ; dede, S, Sa ; 
ded, Sa ; duden,//., S ; deden, S ; dyden, 
S ; dude, Sa ; ydooa-^/., Ca ; idon, S, Sa ; 
Idone, S ; ido, S, Sa ; ydon, Sa ; ydo, 
Sa; don, Sa; doon, MD; do, Sa, MD.— 
AS. don, pt. s. dyde, pp. ge-d6n. 

Donet, sb. grammar,primer, elementary 
instruction, PP, Sa. — From Donatus, the 
grammarian ; see Cotg. (s,v. donat). 

Dong, //- s. beat, MD; dongen, pp., 
Sa, H ; see Dyngen. 

Donjoum, sb. the highest tower of a 
castle, also the dungeon or underground 

Srison, MD; dongeon, P; dongoun, 
ID ; dnngun, Sa.— AF. dongoun, OF. 


dongon, donjon : Prov. dompnhon ; Late 
Lat. domnionem, a tower that dominates 
(Ducange), dominionem, lordship, from 
Lat. dominium. 

Donk, adj. moist, S3, JD; danke, MD. — 
Cp. Icel. dbkkr, obscure (stem *danku). 

Donken, v. to moisten, MD, Sa. 

Don-ward, adv. downward, Sa ; see 

Doo, sb. doe, Voc, Palsg., Wa ; do, MD; 
da, MD ; days,//., S3.— AS. dd. 

Dool, sb. dole, share, portion, MD; dole, 
MD; doale, S3.— AS. a!tf/(see OET). 

Doom, sb, doom, judgment, sentence, W; 
dom, S, W, Sa ; dome, S2 ; domes, pi., 
Sa, G.— AS. d6m\ Goth. doms. 

Dorc, adj. dark, S ; see Derk. 

Dore, sb. door, MD, Sa, C3 ; dur, MD, 
S3; dure, S.— AS. duru; cp. Gr. Mpa ; 
see Brugmann, § 51. 

Dore-tre, sb. bar of a door, P. 

Dore-ward, sb. porter, door-keeper, 
Sa ; dnxewart, S. 

Dorren, pr. pi. dare, MD ; doren, W ; 
doxste, pt. subj. pi., S, Sa, Ca ; see Dar. 

Dortour, sb. dormitory, MD, S3, CM ; 
dortnre, Voc ; dorter, Voc — OF. dortour, 
dortoir; Lat. dormitorium. 

Dose, adj. dusk, S ; deosc, MD. 

Doseyn, num. dozen, C ; see Dosein. 

Dotard, sb. dotard, MD, Sh. 

Dote, sb. fool, S, MD; dotesfc, adj. 
superl., very foolish, Sa. 

Dotel, sb. fool, MD ; dottel, Manip. 

Doten, v. to dote, to be foolish, childish, 
MD, Sa, Ca. 

Doucte, pt. s. had value, S ; see Du^en. 

Doughtren, sb. pi. daughters, C ; see 

Doughty, adj. brave, Ca , G ; see Dnjti. 

Douhtres, sb. pi. daughters, S; see 

Doumbe, adj. dumb, S, Sa ; see Dumb. 

Doum, sb. a down, hill, MD ; dun, 
MD; donne, Sa ; dune, dot., MD; 
downe«, //., MD ; dounes, Sa ; dnn, 
adv., down, S ; don, Sa ; donn, Sa, W. — 
AS. dtin. 

Doun-right, adv. right down, Sa. 

Doun-ward, adv. downward, MD; 
donward, Sa ; dnnward, S. 

Doute, sb. fear, doubt, MD, Sa, Ca, G ; 
dnte, MD, S, Sa ; dont, Sa.— OF. dute, 
doute, double. 

Doute-lees, adv. doubtless, Sa, Ca. 


Donten, v. to fear, to doubt, MD, 
S3; duten, MD, S; dowta, S3; dowt, 
imp. s., G ; doutada, //. s.,S; doutidan, 
//., G. — AF. ditier, OF. dottier \ Lat. 

Donthe ; see Dnhatfo. 

Doubter, sb. daughter, P, Wa ; doutras, 
//., S ; see Dohtax. 

Douene, sb. f. dove, Sa ; donna, Sa ; 
downa, S2. See Down*. 

Dowaire, sb. dower, Ca ; dowar, Ca. — 
AF. douayre (and dowere) ; Late Lat. do> 

Dowen, v. to endow, MD.— OF. doner, 
doer ; Lat. dotare. 

Dowen; seeDnBan. 

Dowe]>e, sb. army, host, S. Phr. : 
dowepes lonard, Lord of Hosts, S ; see 

Dowter, sb. daughter, S ; see Dohtax. 

Dowue, sb. dove, MD, C3, W ; douve, 
MD ; daw, S3.— Icel. ddfa ; cp. OS. diiba, 
Goth. dubo. Cf. Donana. 

Dorter, sb. daughter, S, Sa ; see Dohtex. 

Dozein, adj. dozen, Sa ; doaajn, C— 
AF. dozeine, from doze, twelve ; Lat duo- 

Drad,/^. dreaded, Ca ; dradda, //.//., 
S; see Dradan. 

Dram* sb. joyful sound, S ; see Draanv 

Draf, //. s. drove, Sa ; see Drinan. 

Draf, sb. draff, husks, dregs, MD* C3, 
PP, Cath. ; draff, TD; draffa, PP; draft, 
Wa.— IceL draf. 

Dragen, v. to draw, S; drah, imp. 
s., S, Sa ; drahan, pp., S ; see Drawen. 

Dragge, ^. a comfit or digestive sweet- 
meat, dragetum, Prompt k Vqc. ; draff**, 
//., C— AF. dragge, 0£ ftfigte (Cotg.), 
Prov. dragea, It treggfa, an adaptation of 
Late Gr. rpay^fmra, sweetmeats ; see Diex, 
p. 326, Ducange (.s. v. tragemaia). 

Drah, //. s. suffered, S ; see Dra^aa. 

Drapea, pt* pi* slew, S ; see Drapan. 

Drast, sb. dregs, Wa ; draatja, //. 
feces, Voc.; draatya, Prompt — O. Merc 
derste, Ps. 39, 3 (VP). 

Drairty, 0#. trashy, worthless, MD > 
Ca ; dreatl, Prompt. ; draaty, Palsg. 

Drawen, v. to draw, S, Sa, CM; 
dragen, S, Sa ; draffan, S ; draalan* S ; 
draUian, S ; drah, imp. s., S, Sa ; draw- 
*»*> fa P-> Sa J tooh, pt. s., S ; djcoj,. S, 
Sa ; dron, S, Sa ; drow, Sa, Ca ; dron*, 
Sa ; dronh, Sa ; drancn, Sa ; drouth, 
Q2 ; dro^an, pl. t S; drowan, W; droje, 



S ; drowa, Sa ; draffan, pp., S; drahan, 
S; ydrawa, Ca. — AS. dragan, pt drdk 
(pi. drSgon), pp. dragen. 

Dre, v. to suffer, Sa, S3 ; see DraBan. 

DreCOhen, v. to vex, torment, also to 
tarry, MD, S, S3, C; draohan, S, Sa ; 
draihta, //. s., MD ; draehada, MD; 
draiht, pp., MD; draooliad > MD.— AS. 
dreccan, pt drehte, pp. dreJkt*. 

Drede, sb. dread, MD„S, Sa, Ca, Wa ; 
draid, S3 ; drad, S. 

Breden, v. to dread, S> Sa, Ca ; dra&V 
and, pr. p., Sa ; dradda K //. s., MD, Ca ; 
dxadda, MD, Ca, W ; draddan, //., MD, 
W ; dxadde, S ; drad^., Ca.— AS. (on)- 
dr<kdan, pt dreord^ dr<kdde, see Sievers, 
394, 395. 

Dredfol, adj. dreadful, MD ; timid, C ; 
dradrola, dat. % S.. 

Drednes, sh, dread, MD ; dradnaaaa, 
S; dridnaa,Sa. 

Breem, sb+ a joyful sound, dream, MD ; 
draasn, S; drsam, S; drama, dot., S; 
dram, MP, S; dramas, //., S. — AS. 
driam, Joyful sound, Icel. draumr, dream; 
cp. OS. drdtn, joy, also dream. 

Ihtehen, v. to suffer, S ; see Draham 

Dreid, sb. dread, S3 ; see Hx^. 

Dreihen, v. to draw, S ; see Drawan. 

Drem, sb. dream, S ; see Draanu 

Dremel*, sb. dream, PP. 

Bremen, v. to make a joyful sound, to 
dream, S ; draaman, S ; drampta,. pt. s. % 
S ; dramdan, pi., S. — AJS. dximm*. to re- 
joice : OS. dromian ; cp. XceJ. dteyma, to 

Drench, sb. drink, S,.1#D. 

Drenchen, v. *a drpwn, S, Sa, C3, 
W; drinohen, S ; dxalnohan,S; draynt, 
pp., W, C, Ca ; drant,.S3 ; dranohad, C3 ; 
dranonld, W*-^A3. drencan; cp. IceL 

BrenQhjn^ sb. drowning, Sa, 

Dcenjff. sb. servant, retainer ^ MD; 
drlng'Ts ; drandiaa, //., MD ; dxing*- 
chaa x S. — Icel. drengr, brave man x also 
bachelor ; hence AS. dreng. 

Drepen, v. to slay^ S, Sa ; 6x%Vypt s. y 
MD ; drapan, //., S ; drapa, MD.— AS. 
drepan, pt. drcep (pi. fr<kpon), pp. deepen* 

Brere, sb. gde{, S3, ND. 
Dreriment, sb* sadness, ND ; 6x—xU 
mant, S3. 
Brery, adj. sad, dreary, Ca; dzarlj, 
MD ; drurj, MD.— AS. driovig. 
F 2 



Dreryhead, sb. sorrow, ND. 

Dressen, v. to make straight, direct, 
reach, prepare, dress, S2, S3, C2, C3, W, 
Wa ; y-dressed, pp., C2.— OF. dresser, 
drescier; Late Lat* dirictiare (It. diriz- 
zare) ; from Lat. directus, pp. of dirigere. 
Cp. Late Lat. drictum (Ducange). 
Dressyngis, sb. pi. directions (=Lat 
directiones), Wa. 
Drenen, v. to trouble, afflict, MD; 
dreued, //. s., Sa ; drefedd, pp., MD; 
dreofedd, MD; WLreaued, S.— AS. drl- 
fan : OS. drdbian ; cp. OHG. druaben (Ot- 
frid), truoben (Tatian), G. triiben. See 
Brewery, sb. darling, P ; see Druerle. 
Dreye, adj. dry, C, Ca ; see Drye. 
Dre3, adj. continuous, great, powerful, 
MD; dry3, patient, S2.— Icel. drjtigr. 
Drenen, v. to endure, suffer, continue, 
MD ; dregen, S ; dreBnenn, S ; drehen, S ; 
dreye, S ; drye, CM ; dreffhe, H ; driven, 
S, MD ; dryje, Sa ; drie, S, PP ; dree, 
JD; dre, S2, S3; dran,//. s., S; dregf, 
MD ; dry^ed, continued, S2 ; druhen,//., 
MD ; droffen,^., MD.— AS. drlogan, pt. 
driah (pi. drugon), pp. drogen. 

Drej-ly, adv. continuously, earnestly, 
S2, MD ; dry5ly, patiently, S2. 
Dridues, sb. dread, S2 ; see Drednee. 
Drihten, sb. Lord (only used for God, 
Christ),S ; dryntdn, S ; drynten, S ; drigt- 
en, S; dri*tin,S; driffhtin, S2 ; dryhte, 
S; drihte, S ; dry3te, PP; drfcte, S, PP ; 
dry^tyn, S2.— AS. dry,hten : OS, drohtin ; 
cp. Icel. drdttinn and OHG. truhtin (Ta- 
tian). From AS. dryht, meri, warriors, re- 
tainers : OS. druht ; cp. OHG. truht and 
Icel. drdtt. 
Driht-fal, adj. noble, S. 
Dring, sb. servant, S ; drlnffenes, pi., 
S ; see Sreng*. 
Drink, sb. drink, MD; drinch, S; 
drlnnch, S ; drlnc, Sa. 

Drinken, v. to drink, S ; drincken, S ; 
dring, imp.s. r , S ; dranc,//. s., S ; drone, 
S; dronk, S; ; drunken,//., S; dronken, 
Ca ; drongken, S ; dranc, Sa ; i-drunke, 
pp., S; dronke, Ca. Phr. : drine-nail, 
drink, hale ! S. — AS, drincan, pt dranc (pi. 
druncon), pp. druncen. 

Drinkere. sb. drinker,MD; drinokares, 
Drit, sb. dirt, MD, W, W2 ; dert, S3. 
Drit-cherl| sb. dirt-churl (term of 
abuse), S. 


Driuen, v. to drive, rush, pass, go, S ; 
dryuen, S; drlf, S2 ; draf , pt. s. , MD, 
S2 ; drof, S, S2 ; droof, MD, W, Wa ; 
drofe, S2 ; driuen, pi., S, MD ; dryuen, 
MD; driueden, W2; driuen, pp., MD; 
driue, C2 ; dryuun, W2.— AS. dri/an, pt. 
drdf(\>\. drifon), pp. drifen. 

Driven, v. to suffer, S ; see Bremen. 

Drihte ; see Drihten. 

Drof, pt. s. drove, S, S2 ; droof, W, 
W2 ; see Driuen. 

Drof-lic, adj. painful, MD. Cf. Drouy. 

Drogen ; see Drehen. 

Drogges, sb. pi drugs, PP ; droggis, 
S3 ; see Drye. 

nv6h,J>t. s. drew, S ; see Drawen. 

Dronk, pt. s. drank, MD ; drone, S ; 
dronke, pp. , C 2 ; see Drinken. 

Dronkelewe, adj> given to drink, C3 ; 
see Drunkelew. 

Dronkenesse, ^.-drunkenness, C3. 

Drought, sb. drought, MD, C (p. 1); 
droughte, C2 ; drouhpe, S2 ; drugte, S ; 
drytne, S2.— AS. drugefte. See Drye. 

Dronnen, v. to be drowned, to drown, 
MD; drone, MD ; drond,, S2. C£ 

Droupen, v. to droop, vultum dejicere, 

MD, Pafsg. ; drowpen, C— IceL drtlpa. 

Dronpnen, v. to be cast down, MD ; 

drupnin, S. 

Drouen, v. to trouble, MD; druuy, 

H ; droue«, pr. pi, MD ; droued, pp., 

MD ; drouyd, H ; druuyd, H. Cf. Dreuen. 

Droning, sb. trouble, S2, MD ; druu- 

ynge, H. 

Drony, adj. turbid, troubled, CM, Sa ; 

droui, MD.— Cp. AS. drdf, OS. drdbi, 

OHG. truobi, G. trube. 
Dro?, pt. s. drew, S, Sa ; drou, S, Sa ; 

drow, Sa, C2 ; drou3, S2 ; drouh, Sa ; 

drough, C2 ; see Drawen. 
Drnbild, adj. disturbed, H. 
Drnblen, v. to disturb water, to trouble ; 

drubblyn, Prompt; drobyl, MD. Cf. 

Drably, adj. turbid, H; drobly, 

Drnblynesse, sb. turbtdencia, Prompt* 
Dmblynge, sb. disturbance, H. 
Dmerie, sb. love, affection, also the 

object of affection, also a jewel, PP, MD, 

C2 (s. v. love); drurye, MD; drurie, 

S2, PP; druery, HD; druwery, PP ; 

drewrye, MD ; drewery, P ; drowryie, 

//., HD; druriea, HD.— AF. drutrie; 


Prov. drudaria, from OHG. drdt, dear, 
beloved (Otfrid). See NQ. (6. 4. 270). 

Droggar-beste, sb. the animal that 
has to pull forcibly, S3. 

Droggen. v. to pull with force, 
CM, C— Cp. E. drudge. 

Drnndf/^//' drowned, S 2 ; seeDxonnen. 
' Prank, sb. draught, MD ; drnno, S ; 
dranch, S.— Cp. Icel. drykkr. 

Drnnkelew, adj. given to drinking, 
W, Prompt; dronkelewe, C3, PP; 
dronlroTenh, PP; dronkenlewe, PP; 
drnnkenlewe, MD. See -lewe. 

Drnnken, sb. drinking, S, MD. 

Drnnkennesse, sb. drunkenness, MD; 
dronkenesM, C3, PP. 

Dronknen, v. to be drowned, to cause 
to drown, MD ; drunken**, pr. s., Sa ; 
dronkenea, S2. — AS. drunenian,. to be 
drowned, to be drunk. Cf. Dronntn. 

Drnpnin, v. to be cast down, S; see 

Drnrie; seeDraerie. 

Drnoy, v. to trouble, H ; see Drouen. 

Drnoynge, sb. trouble, H. 

Drye, adj. dry, MD, PP ; druye, MD, 
Sa; dime, MD; dm, S; drije, MD; 
drie, MD; dreye,C2,C. Phr.\ druifot, 
dry foot, S. — AS. dryge ; cp. Du. droog. 

Brye, v. to dry, to be dry, MD, G; 
drollest, 2 pr. s., Sa. — AS. drygan. 

Drye, v. to suffer, CM ; Drjr^ed, //. s. 
continued, S2 ; see Dre^en. 

Drythe ; see Drought. 

Dry;, adj. patient, S2. Cf. Dre^en. 

Dry^ly, adv. patiently, S2, 

Dry;te, Dry^tyn ; see Drlhten. 

Dnbben, v. (1) to dress, arm for battle, 
(2) to dub a knight by the stroke with the 
flat of the sword, MD, S, PP ; dubbed, 
pp., S, S2, PP ; dobbed, PP ; doubed, PP. 
— AF. dubber, to dress ; cp. Icel. dubba, to 
arm, dress, also to dub, AS. dubban, to 
dub a knight, in Chron. arm. 1085 ; cp. 
OF. aduber, adouber, to arm (Roland). 

Dabbing, sb. decoration, adornment, S ; 
the conferring of knighthood, S. 

Dabonore, adj. mild, gentle, Sa ; see 

Dude,//, s. did, Sa ; duden,//., S ; see 

Dnelle, v. to stay, S, W2 ; see Dwellen. 

Duere, adj. dear, S2 ; see Dere. 

Duete, sb. duty, MD; dewtee, MD; 
dwete, CM; dewite, S3.— AF. duete, 



debt, obligation, from OF. dm, owed; Lat. 
debitum, pp. oidebere. 

Dohen, v. to get on well, S ; see Du^en. 

DoheSe, sb. body of retainers, people, 
might, worth,- dignity, S ; dowebe, S ; 
doube, S2.— AS. dugutf, worth, help, body 
of men, host. 

Dak, sb. leader, prince, duke, MD ; duo, 
Sa ; duyk, W, Wa ; done, MD; duykia, 
pi., Wa.— AF. due ; Lat ducem. 

Dolce, adj. sweet, S3.— Lat. dulcem. 

Dole, sb. grief, S3 ; see Dole. 

Dolly, adj. dull, S3, DG ; dolly, JD ; 
dowie, JD. 

Domel, sb. a stupid man, Manip. ; 
dwmmil, a dumb man, Manip. ; dumble, 
HD. See Domb. 

Don ; see Donn. 

Don, Donne, adj. dun, dull brown, 
MD, Manip. ; donne, MD. — AS. dunn ; 
O. Ir. donn, dond (Windisch). 

Don, sb. a dun horse ; Proverb : Dun is 
in the myre r C3. 

Donehen, v. to batter, S, Prompt; 
dunch, to push, JD. — Cp. Dan. dunke, to 

Done, sb. din ; see Dyn. 

Dongon, sb. dungeon, Sa ; see Don- 

Don- ward, adv. downward, S; see 

Dap, adj. deep, MD ; see Deep. 

Dappen, v. to dip, Sa, MD ; dippen, 
MD.— AS. dyppan, for *dup-ian, see SkD 
(p. 800), Sievers, 400. 

Dorance, sb. endurance, S3 ; imprison- 
ment, Sh. 

Dare, adj. dear, MD ; see Dere. 

Dare, sb. door, S ; dnr, S3 ; see Dore. 

Daren, v. to last, Ca, Sa, S3, H ; 
dnry, MD ; dnyre, MD ; deore, Sa ; 
duyrynff , pr. p., S2 ; dnrede,//. s., S2. — 
AF. durer ; Lat durare, from durus, hard, 

Doresse, sb. hardship, severity, MD, 
S3 ; duresoe, MD.— AF. duresse, duresee.; 
Lat. duritia, from durus. 

Dorlyng, sb. darling, S ; see Darling. 

Darren, pr. pi. dare, MD ; dnrre, S ; 
duren, S ; see Dar. 

Dosi, adj. foolish, S, MD; dy»y, MD ; 
deal, MD.— AS. dysig. 

Dosiliche, adv. foolishly, MD; de- 
saly, dizzily, Sa ; desselio, Sa. 

Doftken, v. to grow dark, C. 



Dusten, v. to throw, toss, S ; dnste, 
//. x., MD ; deste, fell headlong, MD. 

DutcUdn, adj. German-like, S3. 

Bute, sb. doubt, fear, S, Sa ; see Doute. 

Button, v. to shut, close, MD; dlt- 
tenn, MD; dutande, pr. p., Sa ; dutt, 
#>.,MD; dit,MD.— AS.dyttan; seeOET 
(P- 573). 

Dnyk, sb. leader, prince, W, Wa ; see 

Driven, v. to get on well, to be fitting, 
to be worth, to avail, valere, MD ; dunen, 
S ; dowen, MD ; dean, pr. x., MD ; deh, 
MD;delh, S; dugen,//., MD ; douete, 
//. x., S; donght, MD; dewed, Sa,— 
AS. dugan y pret. pres. diag (dtah, dSg), pi. 
dug an, pt. dohte ; cp. OHG. tugatu 

Du^eVe, sb. nobles, S, MD ; see Duh- 

Dd^ti, adj. fit, excellent, brave, doughty, 
MD ; doughty, Ca, G ; dou^tiore, comp., 
Sa. — AS. dyhtig, strong. 

Dwal, adj. foolish, dull, erring, apostate, 
MD, SkD (p. 801) ; dwales, sb. pi. fools, 
S. — Cp. Goth, dwals, foolish. 

Bwale, sb. error, MD ; dnale, MD ; 
dwole, MD, S (16. 1777.)— ONorth. duala, 
error (Mt 34. 24) ; cp. AS. dwola. 

Dwellen, v. (1) to err, wander, (a) to 
loiter, stay, dwell, MD, G ; duelle, S, Wa ; 
dwelland, pr. p. t Sa. — AS. dwelian, to err, 
also to make to err, to deceive; also 
dwelian, to deceive, to hinder, delay, also 
to remain, dwell ; cp. Icel. dvelja, to tarry. 

Dweole, sb. error, MD ; dwele, MD ; 
dwelle, MD.— AS. {ge)dweola. 

DweolnhSe, sb. error, foolishness, S. 

Dwergh, sb. dwarf, MD ; dwerk, MD ; 
dwerf, MD ; dwarfe, MD ; dwerb (for 
dwerj), Sa. — AS. dweorh ; cp. Icel. dvergr. 

Dwilde, sb. error, S, MD.— AS. dwild. 

Dwindle, v. to waste away, Sh. 


Bwinen, v. to vanish away, to waste 
away, MD, HD; dwynyn, Prompt; 
dwynen, Sa ; dwynede,//. x. (weak), MD. 
— AS. dwinan, pt. dwdn (pi. dwinon), pp. 

Dwole; seeDwale. 

Dyad, adj. dead, Sa ; see Deed. 

Dyed,//, x. coloured, Ca ; see Deyen. 

Dyenel, sb. devil, Sa ; see Deuel. 

Dyk, Dyke, sb. dike, ditch, S3 ; die, 
S ; dlch, MD ; dlone, MD ;//., S ; diehen, 
S.— AS. die. 

Dyken, v. to make a ditch, to dig, Sa ; 
idyket,^., Sa. 

Dyker, sb. ditcher, Sa, P ; dikere, P. 

Dyn, sb. din, H, MD ; dynne, H ; 
dene, MD ; dyne, PP ; dine, MD ; dune, 
MD.— AS. dyne, dyn. 

Dyngen, v. to beat, PP, H ; dang, pt.s. % 
MD, S3 ; dong, MD ; dange, pi., S3 ; 
dongen, pp., Sa ; dongyn, H ; dongene, 

Dyngis, blows, H. 

Dyngynge, sb. beating, H. 

Dys, sb. pi. dice, C, P ; see Dee. 

Dys-playere, sb. dice-player, P. 

Dyttay, sb. indictment, S3. — AF. dite ; 
Lat. dictatum. 

Dyvers, adj. pi. divers, MD ; diverse, 
MD. — AF. divers (pi. diverses); Lat. di- 

Dynerseli, adv. in diverse directions, 

Dyversen, v. to make difference, to diver- 
sify, also to be different, MD, Prompt.; 
dyner«itli,/r. s., W; diuewdde,//. x., W. 
— OF. diverser. 

Dyversitee, sb. divers colours, Wa. 

Dyaynistre, sb. a divine, C. — Late 
Lat. *atvinista. See Denine. 

Dy^e, v. to die, Sa ; see Deyen. 

Dy^t; seeDihten. 


E ; see B;e. 

E-, prefix*, see 3*-. Cf. 

Eadig, adj. wealthy, precious, happy, 
blessed, MD; eadi, S; wdle, S; edie, S; 
eddi, S; edy, S; edye, S.— AS. iadig: 
Goth, audags. From AS. Sad, a pos- 
session, happiness, also, rich, happy : Icel. 
auOr, wealthy ; cp. OS. 6d, property. 

Eadmodien, v. to humble, MD ; ead- 
mode, pt. x., MD ; adxnoded, pp. as adj. 
lowly, S, MD.— AS. iatimddian, from /afl- 
mSd, humble. Cf. ESemoded, Bdmod. 

Ealde, adj. old, S ; see Old. 

Ealde, sb. an age, age, S ; see Bide. 

Ealdren, //. elders, chiefs ; see Alder. 

Ealre, gen. of all, S ; see AL 


1, i pr. s. am ; see Am. 

Earding-fftowe, sb. dwelling-place, S ; 
see Srding*atouwa. 

Earm, sb. ami (of the body), S, MD ; 
see Arm. 

Earme, adj. pi. poor ; see Arm. 

Earning, sb. a wretched being, S ; see 

Earnynge, sb. earning, S ; see Brnan. 

Eatelich, adj. horrible, S; see Atallon. 

EaS, adj. easy, S ; see Bth. 

EaSe, adv. easily, S ; see Btha. 

Ebrayk, adj. Hebrew, Sa. 

Ebrisse, adj. Hebrew, S— AS. ebrcisc. 

Ecclesiagte, sb. a preacher, C— OF. 
ecclesiaste (Cotg.) ; Church Lat. ecclesiastes 
(Vnlg.); Gr. kiacXfiauurrfp (LXX), from 
l/ctckTfffia, an assembly. 

Eche, adj. each, S, Sa, W; *lona, S, 
MD; ale, MD, S; aloh, S: aloha, MD ; 
ale, MD, S; alone, MD, S; •lie, MD; 
ilo, MD, S; Uk, S (ia. 97), Sa, H; 
iloh,S; nlo, MD; nlon,S; nlona, MD; 
ssona, MD; aona, S; eon, MD, S, Sa; 
Ion, MD, S. S3; yen, Sa; two, MD ; 
•mm, MD, S ; uch, S, Sa ; uona, P, H ; 
nioh, S ; uyoh, S. — Comb. : •oho dayaa, 
daily, on each day, Sa ; aeha deyl, every 
bit, entirely, Sa ; aeh on, each one, Sa, S3, 
Ca ; aoh oon, Ca, W ; eon ona, Sa ; loh 
on, S3; loh a, S3; uoh ona, Sa, P; Uk 
an, Sa ; Ho klnaa, of every kind, MD ; 
Uklnaa, S; loh wor, everywhere, S. — 
AS. <klc, elc, ONorth. ale, OMerc. ylc. 
The form <klc « d + $e + lie ; cp. OHG. 
io-gi-llh (Tatian), G. jeglich. See Sievers, 

Eche, adj. eternal, S ; aahalloha, adv., 
S.— AS. ice, icelice ; cp. OHG. ewic, also 
/^(Otfrid). SeeJB. 

Eche, sb. increase, addition, Sa, MD.— 
AS. iaca. 

Eche, sb. pain, MD ; see Aona. 

Echen, v. to increase, add, HD, CM, 
MD ; •ken, S, S3, H ; aykad,//. *., MD. 
—AS. icean (ban) : OS. dkian. 

Echte, sb. possessions, S ; see Amnio. 

Eclipse, sb. eclipse, PP; aeljpaa, 
Manip. ; anellpa, PP ; ollpa, PP ; olypa, 
S3. — Lat. eclipsis ; Gr. t«A>c<^i*, failure. 

EcneMe, sb. eternity, MD ; ooonlaao, 
dot., S; aoanaaaa, S; aon anaaa a, MD; 
aoonanaaaa, S.— AS. icnis. See Bona. 

Edr, prefix.— AS. «/-, cp. Goth, id-, 
back, again, OHG. it-, ita- (Tatian, Ot- 



frid), as in it-tin, retribution ; it-mdit t 
feast (Tatian). 

Ed-grOW, sb. after-math, rtgermtn, 
Prompt. ; adgraw, HD. 

Edrlen, sb. retribution, MD.— AS. ed- 

Edmod, adj. humble, MD ; see Admod. 

Edmodi, adj. humble, MD; see Ad- 

Edmodnesse, sb. humility, S; see 

Edrwit, sb. reproach, Sa. — AS. ed-wit ; 
cp. OHG. it-uuizzi, a twitting (Otfrid). 

Ed-witen, v. to blame, S, P; aad- 
wlten, S; adwltad, pt. pi, PP.— AS. ed- 
witan; cp. Goth, id-weitjan, OHG. ita- 
uutzSn (Tatian). Cp. E. twit. 

Edy; seeBadij. 

Ee; seeB^a. 

Eek, conj. also, Ca, C3 ; sto, S ; ae, S ; 
ak, S, Sa, P ; elk, S3 ; aka, S, Sa, S3, P; 
aaka, G.— AS. iac : Goth. auk. 

Eelde; seeBlda. 

Eem, sb. uncle, Prompt., CM ; aem, S ; 
sam, MD ; am, MD ; ama, S3, Voc., HD ; 
ayma, S3; earn, HD. — AS. 4am \ cp. 
OHG. 6heim. 

Eese; see Baa. 

East, adj. and sb. east, W (Mt 8. 1 1), MD ; 
•at, S, Sa, Ca, C3, Prompt.; wrt, Prompt. 
—AS. tost 1 Icel. austr; cp. OHG. 6st 
{Sstana, Otfrid). 

Efenn; seeBnan. 

Elfecte, sb. effect, MD ; aflaeta, H.— 
Lat. effectus. 

Effer, Effeir ; see Afera. 

EfCray, sb. terror, S3 ; fray, S3. Cf. 

Efning; see Bnanynga. 

Eft, adv. again, afterwards, S, Sa, S3, 
Ca, W; wft, MD ; afta, S3.— AS. eft. 

EftmTiprep. after, S, Sa ; see Aftar. 

Eft-«on6, adv. again, soon after, S, Sa, 
C3 ; affcaoona, W ; afaona, Sa.— AS. eft- 

Eft-*ones, adv. soon after, S. 

E«l, adj. equal, CM ; affalle, S3, CM. 
— OF. egal ; Lat. aequaiem. 

Egalite, sb. equality, CM.— OF. egalite ; 
Lat. aequalitatem. 

Egen; seeB^a. 

Egg©, sb. edge, W; ag, Voc, CM; 
affg*aa, //., MD ; affg*ai, Sa.— AS. ecgx 
OS. eggia, see Sievers, 358 ; cp. Lat. acies. 



Eggement, sb. instigation, C3. 

Eggen, v. to sharpen, to incite, pro- 
voke, MD, H, CM ; effgede, pt. s., Sa ; 
egged, S3, P ; y-egged,#., MD ; 1-egged, 
MD. — Icel. eggja. 

Eggyyng, .*£. instigation, S2, CM ; 
eggyngis,//, H. 

Eghe ; see E;e. 

Egle, J& eagle, Ca, PP.— AF. egle, OF. 
aigk ; Lat. aquila. 

Egleche, adj. pi. war-like, S.— AS. 
agltca, agl<kcea, a warrior, vexator (Grein). 
See E}e. 

Ette, <*#. eager, sharp, fierce, C2, PP. 
— AF. egre, OF. aigre ; Lat. acrem. 

Egremoin, sb. agrimony, C3 ; see 

Ehe; see E;e. 

Elite, sb. property, S; eehte, S; see 

Eie ; see E^e. 

Eighte, num. eight, C3 ; ei^te, MD ; 
eihte, PP ; eyhte, PP ; ajte, Sa ; ajt, Sa ; 
s»hte, MD.— AS. eahta (ahtd) ; cp< OHG. 
ahto, Lat. ^/0. 

Eighte, ord. eighth, G, PP.— AS. *&*- 
tode. Cf. Aohtande. 

Eightene, *«»*. eighteen, MD ; ®h- 
tene, S ; auohtene, S3. — AS. eahta-Une. 

Eightetethe, ord. eighteenth, Ca.— 
AS. eahta-ttoQa. 

Eihte, sb. property, S; eyhte, S; see 

Eild; see Side. 

Eire, sb. journey, circuit, SkD. Phr. : 
ane ayr, on circuit, S3. — AF. and OF. 
tire, eyre, oire, oirre, from errer. edrer, to 
make one's way, from Lat. iter, journey ; 
see Constans. 

Eireto, sb. pi. eggs, PP ; elrun, Wa ; 
see By. 

Eise ; see See. 

Eisel, Euril, sb. vinegar ; see Alsllle. 

Eisfhl, adj. terrible, MD.— AS. egesful. 

Eifilich, adj. terrible, MD ; eiseliohe, 
S.—AS. egeslic: OS. egislik; from AS. 
egesa: OS. egiso, horror; cp. OHG. esiso 

Eisliche, adv. terribly, S; aialiohe, 
timorously, S3. — AS. egeslic e. 

EiSer, adj. either, S, Sa ; »«er, MD ; 
ayj>er, S2 ; alJer,S ; eytSer, S, Sa ; ethir, 
W ; er, S. — AS. <k-g-Awce8er ; Sievers, 347. 

Ekeu, v. to ake, MD ; see Aken. 

Elch; see Belie. 


Elde, sb. an age (of the world), age, 
time of a man's life, maturity, full age, old 
age, length of time, PP, S, Sa, S3, G ; 
eelde, W; ealde, S; helde, S; vide, 
MD ; eld, MD, Sa ; held, Sa ; eild, Sa. 
—AS. eldu, yldu. See Old. 

Elde, v. to grow old, H ; elded, pp., Sa ; 
eldld, H.— AS. ealdian. 

Elder, comp. older, S, Ca ; see Old. 

Elderne, sb. pi. ancestors, Sa ; see 

Eldrvn, adj. old, H. Comb. : eldryn- 
man, old man, elder, H. 

Ele, sb. oil, MD, S ; eoli, S ; eolie, S. 
Comb.: ele-sssw, oil, S. — AS. ele; Late 
Lat. olium (cp. It. olid) ; Lat. oleum ; Gr. 
tXmov, from kkaia, an olive-tree ; cp. OHG. 
oli (Tatian). 

Eleccioun, sb. election, choice, Sa. — 
OF. election ; Lat. electionem. 

Ele-lendisch, adj. foreign; elelendis, 
MD. — AS. ele-lendisc, of a foreign land. 

Elendisch, adj. foreign; helendls, 
MD.— From AS. ellende (Voc.). 

Elenge, adj. protracted, tedious, weari- 
some, dreary, lonely; also (by confusion 
with AS. ellende) strange, foreign, PP, 
HD ; elynge, PP ; elyng , PP ; alenge, 
NED, HD ; alange, NED, Prompt.— AS. 
&-lenge, lengthy, tedious; k, ewer + lenge, 
long, from lang. 

Elengelich, adv. sadly, PP; elyng- 
liche, PP. 

Elf, sb. elf, genius, nympha, incubus, 
MD, C3, Sh.; alfe, MD.— AS. alf. Cf. 

Elf-lock, sb. hair matted together as if 
by the elves, Sh. 

Elf-queen, sb. fairy-queen, Ca. 

Eliche, adv. alike, S3 ; see Zliehe. 

Elixir, sb. elixir, C3, SkD.— OF. elixir 
(Cotg.), Sp. elixir ; Arab, el ikslr, the 
philosophers stone ; Gr. £rjp6v, dry. 

EUdernemannes, sb. gen. alderman's, 
chief officer's, S ; see Aldermen. 

Ellefb, ord. eleventh, Sa. — AS. endleofta. 

Ellerne, sb. elder-tree, sambucus, Sa, 
PP ; ellaern, Voc. ; ellarne, Voc. ; eller, 
PP ; eldir, PP.— AS. ellam. 

Elles, adv. otherwise, else, S, Sa, Ca ; 
©Ilia, S3, W.— AS. elles; cp. OHG. alles, 
otherwise (Otfrid) : Goth, aljis. 

EUes-hware. adv. elsewhere, S; elles* 
wher, S, C3. — AS. elles-hwar. 

Elles-hwider, adv. else-wjiither, $. 


Elmesse, sb. alms, MD, NED; gee 

Elmes-^eorn, adj. charitable, S. 

Bluish, adj. elvish, foolish, Ca, C3. 
See BIT. 

Elvish-marked, pp. disfigured by the 
elves, Sh. 

Elynge ; see Elenge* 

Bmbassade, sb. embassy, S3 ; see Am- 

EmbassadoQJT, sb. ambassador, C3. 

Bmbassadrie, sb. ambassadorship, S2, 

Embatel, sb. battlement, S3 (19 a. 581). 

Embattail, v. to array for battle, Sh. 

Embrave, v. to adorn, S3. 

Em-cristen, sb. fellow-christian, S, S2. 
See Buen. 

Eme ; see Bern. 

Emeraude, sb. emerald, C 2, CM.— OF. 
enter aude, esmeraude (esmeralde) ; Lat. sma- 
ragdum (ace.) ; Gr. <T/iApay8os. 

Emete, Emote, sb. ant ; see Amete. 

Em-forth,/r;/. according to, PP. See 

Empaled, pp. enclosed, S3. 

Emperere, sb. emperor, MD.— OF. 
emperere {empereres) ; Lat imperator. 

Emperice, sb. empress, S, CM ; em- 
pexesse, PP. — AF. emperice ; Lat. impera- 

Emperonr, sb. emperor, PP, Sa (12. 
21 2), C2,C3.— AF. emperur, OF. emperSor, 
emperedor't Lat. imperatorem. 

Empoisoner, sb. poisoner, C3. See 

Empoisoning, sb. poisoning, C3. 

Emportnred, pp. pourtrayed, S3. 

Emprise, sb. undertaking, Sa, Ca, C3 ; 
enpxioe,MD. — AF. emprise, enprise\ Late 
Lat in-prensam, pp. of in-prendere. 

Emtien, v. to empty, MD; empte, 
C3.— AS. ametgian, to be at leisure, Ps. 45. 

Emty, adj. empty, MD, Prompt.; 
emptd, MD. — AS. emtig (amtig), empty, 

Emyspexy, sb. hemisphere, S3. — Late 
Lat emisperia (Voc.) ; Lat hemispherium ; 
Gr. J)fu<7<pcupiov. 

Enamelen, v. to enamel, MD ; tnam- 
elled, pp. Sh.; annamyllit, S3. See 

Enbibing, sb. absorption, C3. 

ENDUR£N. 73 

Enbronden, v. to embroider, MD; 
enbxoud, pp. S3 ; enbrondln, S3 ; en- 
brooded, CM ; embrowded, C. — AF. en- 

broyder. See Brayden. 

Encens, sb. incense, MD, Voc, C. — AF. 
encens ; Lat incensum. 

Encense, v. to offer incense, C3 ; to 
perfume with incense, MD. — OF. encenser 

Enchanntement, sb. enchantment, 
CM; enohaunmens, //., Sa. — AF. en- 
chant ement. 

Enchesonn, sb. occasion, H, CM, JD ; 
enoheison, PP; enoheeon, C2, H. — AF. 
enchesoun. See Aoheeonn. 

Encombren, v. to hinder, encumber, 
MD, S3 (3 b. 1098) ; enoombred,//'. tired, 
troubled, C, CM. — AF. encombrer. 

Encorporing, sb. incorporation, C3. 

Encorsife, adj. fattened, H.— From 
OF. encorser, to get fat, to make flesh 

Encreee, sb. increase, S2, C, C3, PP ; 
enores, Prompt 

Encremen, v. to increase, C2, C3 ; 
enereeen, C2. — AF. encresc-, stem of 
encrescerai, fut. of encrestre ; Lat. increscere, 

Ende, sb. end, district, territory, end of 
life, S, C3, PP; ende, PP; ande, S; 
hende, S. Comb.x on ende, lastly, S.— AS. 
ende for endi=*andio (Sievers, 130); cp. 
OHG. enti (Tatian): Goth, andeis, con- 
nected with and, prep, towards, through, 
see SkD. 

Ende-dai, sb. day of death, MD ; ende- 
dei, S.— AS. ende-dceg. 

Endeles, adj. endless, C3; endeleae, 
S.— AS. endeUas. 

Enden, v. to end, S. — AS. endian. 

Endenten, v. to write an indenture, 
PP.— AF. endenter f to indent, notch ; Late 
Lat. indentare. 

Endentnr, sb. notch, S2. — AF. enden- 

Ender, adj. comp. latter, last past, S3 ; 
see Klndlx. 

Enditen, v. to compose, write, indict, 
accuse, G, PP; endyte, Ca, C3.— AF. 
enditer ; Late Lat. indictare. 

End-lang, adv. and prep, along, Sa, S3 ; 
endelonff, S, Ca ; alonfe, NED ; anlong 1 , 
MD; andelonff, MD. — AS. and- long; cp. 
Icel. endlong. See A- l a n g. 

Endnren, v. to harden, endure, remain, 
survive, W, PP.— OF. endurer; Lat indu- 
rare, to harden. 



Ene ; see B;e. 

Ene, adv. once, Sa. — AS. <kne. 

Enentysch, v. to bring to nought, H ; 
enentist, pp., H ; see Anientise. 

Enerite, v. to inherit, W2 ; inherit, 
to take possession, Sh. — AF. enheriter. 

Enes, adv. once, S. See Ones. 

Eneuch, enough, S3 ; see Tnow. 

Enfact6 f pp. tainted, infected, C, HD. 
—OF. infect ; Lat infectum. 

Enfermer, sb. superintendent of the in- 
firmary in a monastery, S2. — OF. enfermicr; 
Church Lat infirmarium (Ducange). 

Enfermerere, sb. infirmary officer, 
Cath. (p. 127 n). Cf. Fermerer. 

Enflanmen, v. to inflame, MD, W; 
ennawmed, pp., S2, W. — OF. enflamer, 
enflammer ; Lat. inflammarc. 

Enforce, v. to endeavour, strive, W; 
enforse, W2. 

Enforme, v. to establish, teach, PP ; 
enfirarmeth, pr. s., P.— AF. en/ourmer; 
Lat. informarc. 

Engel, sb. angel, MD, S ; engelea,//., 
S ; enngless, S ; englene, gen., S ; en- 
glen, dot., S. Comb.: enngle >eod, the an- 
gelic host, S.— AS. engel: OS. engil: Goth. 
aggilus : Gr. &yyc\os. Cf. Angel. 

Engel, adj. English, S. See Angles. 

Engle-land, sb. England, S ; engelond, 
S2. — AS. Engla land. 

Englene-lond, sb. the land of the 
English, England, S. — AS. Englena land. 

Engleymen, v. to bind together as with 
glue or viscous matter, MD, PP ; yngley- 
myn, Prompt. ; engleymed, pp., MD ; 
engleymede, H ; englymede, H. 

Englisch, adj. English, Sa, PP ; Sn- 
gUss, S2 ; JBngllso, S ; BngllMe, dot., 
S ; pi, Sa.— AS. englisc. 

Engreynen, v. to dye in grain, PP. 

Engyn, sb. understanding, craft, device, 
engine, MD, C2, C3 ; engyne, S3 ; engine, 
Sh. — AF. engin ; Lat. ingenium. 

Engyned, ^. tortured, C. 

Enhached,//. marked, S3, HD. 

Enhastyng, pr.p. hasting, S3; en- 
naated,#>., HD. 

Enhannsen, v. to raise, C, W, W2 ; 
anhannae, NED ; enhansed, pp., PP.— 
AF. enhauncer, enhancer. 

Enhorten, v. to encourage, MD, C. — 
OF. enhorter ; Lat. inhortari. 

Enke, sb. ink, MD, W ; ynke, Voc. ; 


inke, Cath.— OF. enque (Bartsch); Lat 
encaustum ; Gr. iy/cavorov. 

Enker, adj. special, particular. Pkr.x 
enker grene, wholly green, MD, HD. 

Enkerly, adv. particularly, entirely, B, 
MD, JD; enkxely, B; ynkirly, B; yn- 
knrly, S2, B. — Icel. einkarliga, variant of 
einkanliga, especially, particularly; see 
einka- in CV. 

Enlenene, num. eleven, PP, W ; enle- 
▼en, W; enlene, PP; elleuene, PP; 
ellene, PP; elenene, PP; alenln, JD; 
alewln, S3 ; allevin, S3, NED.— AS. end- 
leofan, endlufan (ellefan) ; Goth. atn-Hf; 
see Douse, p. 80. 

Enlnminen, v. to illumine, MD, C2 ; 
enlumynyng,/r./., S3. — AF, enluminer. 

Enlnting, sb. daubing with clay, C3. 
— Cp. Late Tat. ItUare, from Lat. lutum, 

Ennewen, v. to renew, MD ; ennewefl, 
».* S3. 

Enoumbre ; see Snumlnren. 

Ennnyed f //. annoyed, P; seeAnoyen. 

Enoynt, pp. anointed, NED, C, H; 
anoynt, C. — AF. enoint ; Lat. inunctum, 
pp. of inungere. 

Enpoisone, sb. poison; enpoyaone, 

Enpoisonen, v. to poison, MD, Ca ; 
enpoysened, pp., S2. — OF. enpoisoner. 

Enqnere, v. to inquire, C2,C3, G,W2 ; 
enqnexi, S2. — OF. enquerir, enquerre; 
Lat inquirere. 

Enqueringe, sb. enquiry, C3. 

Ensamplarie, sb. pattern, PP. 

Ensample, sb. example, S, Sa, PP, Ca, 
C3 ; ensaumple, S3, P. — AF. ensample, es- 
sample, OF. example ; Lat, exemplum. 

Ensanmplid,//. exemplified, S3. 

Ensele, v. to seal, PP. Cf. Aaelen. 

Enserchen, v. to search into, W, W2. 

Enstore, v. to restore, W ; Instorld, 
pp., W. — Lat. instaurare. Ct Astoxe. 

Entailen, v. to cut, carve, MD; en- 
tayled,#., S3.— OF. entaillier, enlallUr. 

Entendon, sb. intention, Ca ; enten- 
rtonn, C3. — AF. entenciun. 

Entendement, sb. understanding, in- 
telligence, S3. — OF. entendement. 

Entenden, v. to give attention to, MD, 
C2. — OF. entendre; Lat intendere. 

Entente, sb. heed, attention, purpose, 
intention, Sa, PP, Ca, C3 ; entent, Sa, S3, 
PP.— OF. entente. 


Ententif, adj. attentive, Wa.— OF. en- 

Enteren, v. to inter, bury, MD ; en- 
teryd, pt. s., S3.— OF. enterrer; It inter- 
rare ; from Lat. in terra. 

Entermant, sb. interment, MD.— AF. 

Entraille, sb. entrails, Ca ; entralle, 
MD; *ntr*ylju,J>L,Voc—AF.entrai/Ie; 
cp. Prov. intra/ias, pi. ; Sp. entranas, from 
Lat. interanea f the inward parts. 

Enumbren, v. to enshadow, obscure, 
hide, MD; enountet, Sa. — OF. enom- 
brer; Church Lat in-umbrare. 

Enuenymen, v. to envenom, PP ; en- 
▼enimed,^., C2. — AF. envenimer. 

Envenymes, sb. pi. poisons, P. 

Envined, pp. provided with wine, C. — 
OF. envini (Cotg.). 

Enviroun, adv. in a circuit, around, 
MD ; environ, S3 ; envyronn, S3. Comb:. 
in ennyrown, Sa ; bl ennyronn, MD. — 
OF. environ. 

Envirouuen, v. to surround, to move 
round, to go about, MD ; envyrone, Sa. 
— OF. environner, 

Envolnpen, v. to wrap up, C3.— AF. 


Ennye, sb. annoyance, S ; see Anoy. 

Eny, adj. any, PP, S, Sa, G ; Mil, S, PP ; 
eani, MD, S ; art, MD, S ; «U, S ; el, 
MD, S ; %ni h MD ; and, MD, S, Sa ; onl, 
MD ; ony, Sa, C, W. Comb. : eanle weia, 
in any way, any ways, S; elaweia, S; 
eyweis, NED (s. v. anywise} ; any ways, 
NED; aniae wise, in any wise, NED; 
antwlae, S. — AS. <knig. 

Eode, pt. s., went, S ; Usde, S ; eoden, 
pi., Sa ; ieden, S.— AS. /ode; Goth. iddja ; 
see Douse, pp. 185, 188, and Brugmann, 
§61. Cf. ;eode. 

Eoli ; see Ble. 

Eom, 1 pr. s., am, MD ; see Am. 

Eom ; see Itm. 

Eornen, v. to run, S, Sa ; see Rennen. 

Eorre, sb. anger, MD, S ; nrre, S, MD ; 
oerre, S; irre, MD. — AS. irre, angry, 
anger : OS. irri, angry, OHG. irri, out of 
the right way (Otfrid): Goth, airzeis, 
astray; cp. Lat. errare for *ersare. Cf. 

EorSe; see Ertte. . 

Eoten ; see Stan. 

Eonwer, pron. your, S ; see 30m*. 

Eppel, sb. apple, MD ; see AppeL 
1 T&% are, H ; ere, Sa ; see Aren. 



Br, adv., eonj. and prep, ere, before, S, Sa, 
Ca, PP; ear, S, S3; ayr, S3 ; yer, S3 ; 
ner, S ; ar, S, Sa, G, H, P ; or, S, Sa, S3, 
C3; ore, Sa; are, S, Sa, H, PP ; here, 
S. Comb. : or era, before, WW, Sh. ; ere 
•ner, WW. Brnr, comp. formerly, S ; ereat, 
superl. soonest, first, S, PP ; erst, S, Sa, S3, 
Ca, C3; earst, S; ant, G, P; orevt, S; 
•rat, S ; awest, S. — AS. <kr, comp. <kror, 
superl. <krest. 

Erayn, sb. spider, H ; see Aranye. 

Erehe-bissop, sb. archbishop; see 

Erche-dekene, sb. archdeacon, Sa; 
see Arohideken. 

Erd, sb. native land, home, S ; sard, S ; 
erde, dot., P : nerdea, //., S (15. 3410).— 
AS. eard; OS. ard. 

Erdftn, v. to dwell, MD; erthe, S, 
MD; earden, MD. — AS. eardian; cp. 
OHG. arton (Tatian). 

Erding-fttouwe, sb. dwelling-place, 
MD; eardinffstowe, S. 

Ere, sb. ear, S, Ca, PP ; eere, Wa ; awe, 
S ; earen,//., S,Sa ; eren, S; eerla, Wa, 
PP. Comb. : eererlnf , ear-ring, Wa .—AS. 
tare: Goth.<*iw; cp. Lat auris. 

Ere,, are, Sa ; er, H ; see Aren. 

Eranda, sb. errand, message, business, 
PP, S; ernde, Sa, PP; earende, MD ; 
arende, MD ; JErade, MD ; nerdne, S.— 
AS. <krende ; cp. OS. drundi, Icel. eyrindi ; 
OHG. drunti (Otfrid) ; connected with AS. 
dr, messenger. 

Erewe, adj. timid, S ; ergh, JD ; ery, 
eerie, JD ; see Arwe. 

Erfe, sb. cattle, MD ; errfe, S , erne, 
S. — O. Merc, erfe, erbe, inheritance (OET. 
P- 539): OS. erbi, OHG. erbi (Tatian, 
Otfrid) : Goth, arbi; cp. Olr. orbe (Win- 
disch) ; see Orf. 

ErfeS, adj. difficult, MD ; see Arte*. 

Erien, v. to plough, MD, PP; eren, 
PP, W, C ; ear, WW ; erynre,/r. /., W; 
eriden, //. pi., Wa.— AS. erian: Goth. 
arjan ; cp. Lat. arare ; see Douse, p. 1 14 (e). 

Eringe, sb. ploughing, Sa, PP ; earing-, 
S3.— AS. erung. 

Eritage, sb. heritage, Sa, PP.— AF. 

Erl, sb. a man of noble birth, earl, MD, 
S, Ca ; »orl, S ; erle, S3 (15 a. 1) ; yerle, 
S3; eorlea, //., S; ^ierlea, S; arlen, 
dot., S.— AS. eorl: OS. erl; cp. Icel. jarl. 

Erl-dom, sb. earldom, PP ; erldome, P. 

Erly, adv. early, C, Ca ; erlyebe, Sa ; 



arly, H ; yerly, S3 ; arely, H; erlicne, 
Sa. — AS. <krlice. 

Ernie, a#. <£tf. poor, S ; see Arm. 

Ernie, v. to feel sad, grieve, C$, CM.— 
AS. earmian ; see Ten Brink, Chaucer, 48, 
4. See Arm. 

Erming, <&#. wretched, S; sb. a wretched 
being, S; e&rmynges,^/., S. — AS.earming. 

Ermite, sb. hermit, PP ; eremite, PP, 
Sa ; heremyte, Sa ; ermytes,//., Sa, PP ; 
heremites, P ; hermites, S. — AF. ermite 
(Jteremite, hermite) ; Church Lat. eremita 
{heremitd); Gr. kprjplTrjs, from Iprjfria, a 

Em, sb. eagle, MD, JD, S ; erne, Sa ; 
aryn, H ; arn, HD ; am, MD ; ernes, 
//., CM; hemes, Sa.— AS. earn f ONorth. 
arn ; from Goth, ara ; cp. OHG. dro, also 
arn, pi. erni (Tatian). 

Ernde ; see Brende. 

Ernen, v. to earn, MD ; amen, MD.— 
AS. earnian : OHG. arndn, to reap a har- 
vest (Otfrid), from arno, harvest: Goth. 

Ernen, v. to run, S ; see Bennen. 

Ernes, sb. a pledge, earnest, MD, W; 
•meet, Sa ; emesse, dot., S.— OF. ernes, 
prob. for *erles ; so in F. guigne the n is 
for an older /; see Brachet. CI Aries. 

Ernest, sb. eagerness, seriousness, ear- 
nest, C, MD ; eornest, MD. — AS. eornest, 
earnestness : OHG. ernust, sorrow (Tatian). 

Ernestfdl, adj. earnest, MD, Ca. 

Ernestly, adv. eagerly, quickly, Sa, 

Ernnng, sb. earning, desert, MD ; earn- 
ynge, S. See Ernen. 

Errannt, adj. vagabond, arrant, PP, 
MD. — OF. errant, wandering, vagabond 
(Cotg.). SeeBxren. 

Erre, sb. a scar, wound, Voc. (680. 1) ; 
arre, NED ; ar, HD ; arr, JD ; erres, 
pi., H, NED. Cp. Dan. ar, Icel. or, brr. 

Erren, v. to wander, W, MD ; erriden, 
//. pi., W.— OF. errer\ Lat. errare. Cf. 

Ert, a pr. s. art, S, Sa, H, PP; ertou, 
art thou, Sa. — AS. eart. 

Erthe, v. to dwell, S ; see Erden. 

Erthe, sb. earth, S, Ca, C ; eortte, S ; 
yerthe, S3 ; vr]>e, Sa ; erd, S3. Comb : 
anerpe, on earth, Sa. — AS. eortie; OS. ertfa ; 
cp. OHG. erda (Otfrid). 

Ertheli, adj. earthly, Sa ; ertflicne, S ; 
eartJlich, S. — AS. eorthlice. 

vErthe-monyng, sb. earthquake, W. 


Erthe-schakyng, sb. earthquake, W. 

Erthe-tiliere, sb. tiller of land, W; 
•rtne-tUeris,//.,W2.— Cp. AS. eorp-tilia. 

Erthe-tiliynge, sb. husbandry, W. 

Erne ; see Erfe. 

Es, conj. as, PP ; see Also. 

Es,/r. s., is, S, Sa, H ; esse, Sa ; see Is. 

Escape, sb. transgression, HD, NT), Sh. ; 
esoapes,//., S3. 

Eschante, v. to be ashamed ; eschamyt, 
PP-> S3 ; see NED (s.v. ashame). 

Eschapen, v. to escape, .Sa ; escapes, 
MD ; ascapen, Wa,P; chapyt,/^., S3 — 
AF. eschaper, escaper. Cf. Achape. 

Eschaping, sb. escape, Sa. 

Eschannge, sb. exchange, C, PP. — AF. 

Escheker, sb. chess-board, treasury, ex- 
chequer, MD ; esseheker, PP; cneker, P; 
oneeker, S3 ; ohekyr, PP ; chesqnier, pp. 
— AF. escheker, OF. eschequier. 

Eschen, v. to ask, MD ; see Asken. 

Eschetes, sb. pi. escheats, PP ; es- 
oheytes, forfeitures, PP ; cketes, P.— AF. 
eschete (pi. eschaetes) ; es = ex + chaet, pp. of 
chaoir; Lat. cadere; see Bartsch, p. 511- 

Eschewen, v. to eschew, avoid, S3, PP ; 
eschnwen, PP ; esehne, C3, C, PP.— AF. 
eschuer, OF. eschever, eschiver; OHG. 
sciuhan, sciuhen, to be afraid of (Otfrid). 
See Schey. 

Escrien, v. to cry out, MD ; see Aseriea. 

Ese, sb. ease, Ca, C3, P; eis«, S, PP; 
eyse, PP. — AF. else, OF. aise, pleasure; 
cp. It agio, ease, convenience (Florio). 

Ese, adj. easy, at leisure ; ease, Sa ; else, 
S.— OF. aise, glad. 

Eseliche, adv. easily, Sa ; esily, Ca, C. 

Esement, sb. solace, S3. — AF. esement, 

Esen, v. to entertain, MD, C ; esed,#., 
C. — OF. aiser, aisier. 

Esmayed,//. dismayed, frightened, S3, 
HD. — OF. esmaier, to frighten; Lat. ex + 
Low Lat. *magure, from Teutonic source ; 
OHG. mag-, stem of mugan, to be able ; cp. 
It. smagare r to vex out of his wits (Florio). 
Cf. Dismayen. 

Esperance, sb. hope, S3 ; esplranoe, 
S3 ; esperannce, CM. — OF. esperance. 

Espye, v. to see, discover, C, C3. — OF. 
espier, It spiare ; OHG. spihan t see Diez. 
See Aspien. 

Est, adj. east, S, Sa, Ca, C3, Prompt 

Comb.: est del, the east, Sa; estward, 
eastward, Ca ; see 3 


Estat, sb. state, C, MD ; estaat, C3 ; 
astate, §3, NED ; estate, PP ; MtetM, 
pi, ranks, S3.— OF. estat; Lat statum. 
Cf. Stat. 

Estatlich, adj. dignified, C. 

Este, sb. favour, grace, delicacy, dainty, 
S; esten,//.,S; estene,£**.,S.— AS.4rf: 
OS. anst, OHG. anst (Otfrid) : Goth, ansts 
(stem ansti-). 

Este, adj. pleasant, kind, Sa, MD.— AS. 

Ester, sb. Easter, S, S2 ; estren, dot., 
S. Comb. : estrone del, Easter-day, S. — 
AS. iastro, sb. pL the passover, easter-tide, 
eastrena (gen. pi.), from Eastre, the AS. 
form of the name of a German goddess of 
light and spring sunshine; see Grimm, Teut. 
M., p. 289. 

Estre, sb. being, nature, quality, also, 
the place where one is, dwelling, quarters, 
chambers, or inner part of a house, HD, 
MD ; estres, pi., C, HD, CM ; esters, 
CM. — OF. estre, a sb. from an infin. 
(Bartsch); Late Lat essere, to be; see 
Brachet (s. v. itre). See also estre in Cotg. 

Estrin-land, sb. Eastern land, Sa. See 

Esy, adj. easy, gentle, MD, C, PP, 
Prompt. ; eesy, MD. — OF. at sic. See Sse. 

Et, prep, at, S. Comb. : et-foren, be- 
fore, S.— AS. at. 

Eten, v. to eat, S, Ca, PP; srten, S; 
eoten, S ; eet, PP ; hete, S ; ett, pr. 5., 
S ; eet, PP ; et, PP; *t,pt.s., S ; ete, Sa ; 
eet, Ca, C3, PP ; wten, pi, S ; eten, S, 
Ca, PP; eoten, S ; eeten, G ; eten, pp., 
S, PP; i3«ten, S, Sa ; ijete, Sa; y-ete, 
Sa; eyt, S3. — AS. etan, pt s. <kt (pi. <kton), 
pp. eten, see Sievers, 391, 3; Goth, itan, 
see Douse, p. 44. 

Sterne, adj. eternal, C, HD.— OF. 
tteme ; Lat. aeternum. 

Etforen, Ethalden; see At-fore, 

Eth, adj. easy, H ; eatt, S, MD.— AS. 
iaHe, &e: OS. 684; cp. Goth, authis, desert, 
waste, see Weigand (s. v. ode). 

Eth-, prefix, easily.— Cp. AS. iap- 9 ip-, 
iP~ I cp- ]&&> auO-. 

Btfe, adv. easily, S, HD ; eatte, S. 

Ette-lich, adj. slight, light, S. 

Ethelyng, sb. a noble, S ; see Athel- 

E8em, sb. breath, S. — AS. <k8m, &m ; 
OHG. dtum (G. athem), see Sievers, 45. 6. 

E8e-BL0ded, adj. gentle, well-disposed, 



S, MD.— Cp. AS. iatttntdian, to obey. See 

Etfon, adv. hence ; see Ketfen. 

E8-lete, adj. lightly esteemed, MD; 
efllate, S. See nth, nth-. 

E8-sene, adj. easily seen, S ; etfoene, 
S; etsoene, S. 

Etlunge, sb. purpose, conjecture, S; 
see Atlinge. 

Etteleden, pt. pi. directed their way, 
went straight, Sa ; see Atlien. 

En, you, S ; see 30U. 

Eu-brnche, sb. adultery, MD, S ; eau- 
bruone, MD; smbntone, Voc. — AS.<kw- 
bryce. See JB. 

Eure, pron. your, S ; see 3onre. 

Enangelie, sb. gospel, PP, W ; enan- 
gile, Sa ; ewanfelye, Sa, PP ; euangyles, 
pi-, C3. — OF. evangile; Lat. evangelium 
(Vulg.) ; Gr. *fayyi?uov. 

Euangeliste,^. evangelist, PP; < 
ffelist, Ca ; ewanlffeUste, S.— OF. evan- 
geliste (AF. ewangelist); Lat evangelista 
(Vulg.) ; Gr. tbay^tXicrfis. 

Enangeliie, v. to preach, W. 

Euel, adj. and adv. evil, S, Wa, Sa, PP ; 
see Tuel. 

Enel-les, adj. guiltless, S3. 

Ellen, sb. even, S, P ; efenn, S ; ene, S, 
Ca, C3, PP. Comb. : enene-sterxe, even- 
ing star, Wa ; eue-song;, even-song, Sa ; 
euyn-sonffe, S3 ; euensonge, P. — AS. 
<kfen (tfen)\ OHG. dband (Otfrid), see 
Sievers, 45. 

Enen, adj. even, equal, fellow, MD, Sa, 
W; euene, Ca, PP; adv., PP ; efne, S; 
Mine, S ; ewln, S3. Comb. : efen-ald, of 
the same age, MD ; enen-orlstene, fellow- 
christian, S, PP, HD ; em-oristen, S, Sa ; 
euen-fbrth, according to, to the extent of, 
PP ; em-forth, C, PP ; enen-forth, di- 
rectly forward, S3; even-forward, directly 
forward, HD ; enene-long;, of proper 
height, S ; euene-worth, of like value, Wa. 
—AS. efem OS. eban, OHG. eban (Ot- 

Snellen, v. to make equal, to be equal, 
MD, S ; elfnenn, S.— AS. efnan. 

Enenhed, sb. equality, equity, H (Ps. 
108. a) ; enynnede, Prompt. 

Enenli, adv. evenly, Wa ; enenlione, 
MD ; enelyohe, S.— AS. ef entice. 

Euennesse, sb. equity, Wa. 

Enenynge, sb. an equal, S ; elnlng;, S. 
— Cp. Icel. jafningi. 

Enerich, adj. every, S, Sa, Ca ; averelo, 



MD ; OTereleh, MD ; mnoh, MD, S ; 
erreeh, MD, S; afrio, S; efreo, MD ; 
fnw, MD ; ererllk, MD, S3 ; ererile, 
MD, S; enerion, S, Sa, Ca ; •avrich, 
MD; «nerle, S; ervrio, MD; efrich, 
MD ; enrich, S, Sa ; aneralehe, S ; ane- 
rich, S; afrl, S; eaneriehe, S; erer- 
eneh, S ; eanereneh, S. Comb. : ene- 
rion on, every one, Sa, Ca, C3 ; ereryeh 
one, Sa ; enerilk an, Sa. — AS. <kfre + <klc; 
•ee Bnre (ever) and Bone. 

Enese, J& border, brink, edge (of a roof, 
mountain, forest), Prompt, MD ; h en — e, 
MD ; enesee, pl. t PP.— AS. e/ese: OHG. 
obisa, opasa ; see Sievers, 93. Cp. E. eaves. 

Euesien, v. to clip round, to shear, 
MD ; enesed, pp., S3 ; L*ve«et, S.— AS. 

EueSUllge, J& a clipping, what is clip- 
ped off, MD ; eaves, MD ; eresing 1 , 
Manip. ; aisinffs, pl-> PP (»•)• C«wJ. : 
nonae-enysynffe ( = domicilium),Yl. — AS. 
efesung (Voc.). 

Euete, sb. eft, newt, Wa ; newte, Voc 
(64a. 37) ; eneten, pi, S; ewtes, MD. — 
AS. efeta (Voc). 

Euorye, sb. ivory, HD ; yvory, Prompt.; 
ererey, Voc. — Prov. evori (avori) ; Lat 
eboreum, made of ivory ; cp. F. ivoire, It 
avorio (Florio) ; see Diez. 

Enour, sb. ivory, S3, HD ; enor, H ; 
•vir, S3 ; Ivor, Prompt. ; yner, W, Wa. 
— Of French origin, from Lat. ebur. 

Sure, adv. ever, S, Sa, PP; enere, S, 
Sa, PP ; efre, S, MD ; aire, S ; efer, S, 
MD ; eaner, S, MD ; wfer, MD ; aner, 
S ; asnere, S ; anere, S ; asnere, S ; mr, 
MD; er, MD. Comb.: ener among, 
continually, S3 ; ener eiper, each, S3 ; 
efreni, ever any, S; enermo, evermore, 
S, Sa, Ca, C3 ; ssrremo, S ; enermor, S ; 
saner te, ever as yet, S. — AS. kfre, from 
diva (d) ; see SkD, and Sievers, 193. 4. 

Ew, sb. yew, C, Voc ; ewe, Cath. — AS. 
iw ; cp. OHG. iwa. 

32 wage, sb. beryl, PP. — OF. ewage, con- 
nected with water (Roquefort) ; Lat. aqua- 
ticum. The green beryl is called by jewel- 
lers aqua marina. See below. 

Ewe ardannt, sb. burning water, Sa. — 
AF. ewe, eue, aigtu ; Lat. aquam y see 
Academy, No. 459, p. 139; cp. Goth. 

Ewen, v. to show. — AS. jwan : Goth. 
augjan\ cp. OHG. ougen (Otfrid). See 
Atewen, Bje. ' 

E3E. - 

Ewer, sb. a water-carrier, also, vessef for 
water, Palsg. ; enwere, MD ; aware, 
aquarius, Prompt — AF. ewer, SkD (p. 
803) ; OF. euwier, aiguier. 

Ewilch, adj. every, MD (s.v. ale); 
ewilohe, MD ; lwlleh, MD ; uwilc, MD, 
S ; uwlloh, MD, S ; ewicne, S.— AS. Jt-g- 
hwilc: OHG. uhgi-welih (Tatian), eo-gi- 
kweUh ; see Sievers, 347. 1. 

Ewin; see Bnen. 

Exerce, v. to exercise, S3. — OF. exer- 
cer ; Lat. exercere. 

Exhibition, sb. payment, S3, Sh.— 
AF. exhibieioun; Late Lat. exhibitioner* 

Expert, adj. experienced, C3. See Apert. 

Expert, v. to experience, S3. 

Expounen, v. to expound, PP, Ca,C3; 
ezpowne, Sa, S3; exponnde, C2. — Lat 

Expownyng, sb. interpretation, W. 

Ey, sb. egg, C, C3, Prompt. ; eye, S3, 
W ; ay, G, HD ; eyxen, //., PP ; elren, 
PP; eirnn, Wa; ayxen,MD; e«rea,PP, 
— AS. ag (pL agru) ; cp. Icel. egg, whence 
E. egg. 

Eyle, adj. loathsome, troublesome, NED ; 
AS. egle : OTeut. *agljo ; cp. Goth, aglus; 
see Sievers, 303. 

Eylen, v. to trouble, afflict, NED; 
ellln, S ; eile]>, pr. s., Sa, PP ; eyleth, 
C2, C3, C, PP.— AS. eglmn : Goth, agljan. 

Eyre, sb. air, C3, P ; eire, W ; eyr, C ; 
eir, Wa, PP ; aler, PP; ayer, S3 ; air, 
Sa (ao. 167); aire, NED.— OF. air; Lat 

Eyre, sb. heir, Sa, PP; eire, W, PP; 
ayre, HD ; aire, Sa ; eir, S, Sa ; eyr, 
G ; eyer, Sa ; heir, S, Ca ; neyr, C3.— 
OF. eir, heirs ; Lat. here s. 

Eyren,; see By. 

Eyt; seeBten. 

Eythes, sb. pi. harrows, PP. — AS. egede, 
harrow : OHG. egida. 

E^e. sb. awe, MD ; eie, S ; eye, S, G ; 
3eie, S ; a*eie, S, NED ; aye, HD ; ey?e, 
G. — AS. ege : Goth, agis ; see Sievers, 263. 
4. Cf. Awe. 

E3e, sb. eye, S, Sa, PP ; ene, S ; 
effhe, S ; eie, Sa ; ye, Sa, Ca, C3, G ; 
i*e, S3, W, Wa ; y 3 e, Wa ; e, Sa, S3 ; ee, 
S3; ejen, pi., S, Sa ; e*en, S ; eien, S; 
eyen, S, Sa, P ; eyn, S3 ; effnen, Sa, C ; 
eijen, Sa, PP ; ei^yen, Sa ; eyne, Sh. ; 
enne, S ; ene, S3 ; eye, Sa ; ijen, W, Wa, 
S3; y3en, Sa; iyen, S3; Jin, Ca, C3; 


e/ffhen, P; elf-hen; ine, Sa; eyg*hes, 
PP; eygrhe, PP.— AS. <fog*: Goth. era; 
cp. OHG. ouga (Otfrid). 

E^e-lid, sb. eye-lid, MD ; enelld, S 

E^e-pnt, sb. the socket of the eye ; e3e- 

IS^e-Jrarl, sb. window ; ehpurl, MD.— 



tog-J>yrl\ cp. Goth, auga-daurv, window 

E^he-fidhtfo, sb. the sight of the eye, 
presence, MD ; ehslhSe, S ; l^e-si^t, S3. 

E;-sen, sb. presence; elgheae ne , <&*., 
MD ; sahaeone, MD ; eo»ene, MD ; ex- 
■ene, MD.— Cp. Icel. aug-syn, OHG. oug- 
siuni (Tatian). 


Pa, adj. few, H ; see Fewe. 
Pa, Paa, sb. foe, S, Sa ; see Poo. 
Pace, sb. face, PP ; a term in astrology, 
Ca. — OF. /ace; Lat. faciem. 
Padon, j£. fashion, S3 ; see Fasonn. 

Facound, sb. eloquence, fluency, CM ; 
faeunde, H, Prompt— OF. faconde ; Lat. 

Faconnd, adj. eloquent, CM. — OF. 
faconde ; \j\, facundum. 

Fade, <*#. weak, faint (of colour), MD ; 
▼ad, MD.— OF. fade. 

Faden, v. to fade, lose colour, wither, 
to cause to wither, MD, Cath., Prompt. ; 
▼ade, MD, Sh., HD. 

Fader, sb. father, S, Sa, C3 ; Feader, 
S ; feder, S ; vader, S, Sa ; veder, S ; fa- 
da*, Sa ; fa4erea,£?*. s., S ; ffedrea, Ca ; 
fader, Sa, Ca, C3 ; faderea, //., Sa ; fa- 
drea, Ca ; fbdrls, W.— AS. fader. 

Fadme, sb. fathom, ulna, MD, Prompt, 
C ; fifcdome, CM ; fedme, MD ; ffedmen, 
//., G.— AS. f cam. 

FadmeiL, v. to embrace, MD, Prompt ; 
fiftmen, MD ; ffcdmede,//. j., MD; fab- 
aaed,^., MD, Sa.— AS.fatimian. 

Paac, ^. space, interval, portion of time ; 
fcee, <&/., S.—AS. foe; cp. OHG. /&>& 
(MHG. vach), a wall, a compartment. 

Pane, dead, S ; see Feye. 

Fasrd, x*. army, S ; see Ferd. 

FaBren, v. to fare, S; see Faxon. 

Pam, adj. few, S ; see Fewe. 

Fagjen, <z# fain, S ; see Fayn. 

Fai, sb. faith, Sa ; fay, G ; see Fcffi. 

Fade, sb. fay, fairy, Sa ; see Fay. 

Fail, sb. greensward, JD ; faill, S3; 
frU, grassy clod cut from the sward, JD. — 
GteLfdl, wall, hedge, sod ; Oh.fdl, wall, 
hedge (Windisch). 

Fail-dyke, sb. dike built of sods, JD. 

Faille, v. to fail, S, Ca ; fayle,Sa ; &1I. 

ede,//. s.> S.—AF. faillir; Late Lat./a/- 
lire for Lat. fallere. 

Faille, sb. fail, doubt, MD ; feale, S3. 

Fainen, v. to rejoice, Sa ; see Faynen. 

Paire, sb. kir, P ; see Feyre. 

Fairye, sb. feiry power, fairy land, Ca ; 
see Fayerye. 

Fait, sb. deed, Sa,PP ; falte, PP ; see Fet. 

Faiten, v. to beg under false pretences, 
PP; fayten,PP. 

Faiterie, sb. deceit, PP; fayterye, 
Prompt, HD. 

Faitonr, sb. pretender, impostor, vaga- 
bond, MD, PP; feytowre, jictor, Prompt.; 
faytoures, pi., S3 ; fhitors, H.— OF. fai- 
tour, faitebr (Godefroy) ; Late Lat. *facti- 

Falding, sb. a kind of coarse cloth, C, 
HD; tMjng9,ampAibalus,birrus,C&ih., 

FaUace, sb. deceitfulness, W; fallae, 
W, HD. — OF. fallace ; Lat. fallacia 

Fallen, v. to fall, S, Ca; fallen, S; 
Uo\,pt. s., S ; fel, S ; HI, Ca ; fhl, S ; ftrl, 
Sa ; i-uel, S; fille, S3 ; vol, Sa ; feoUe, 
subj., S ; fallen, //., S ; felle, S ; fille, 
Ca ; felden, Sa, W, Wa ; y-fallen, pp., 
Ca ; i-falle, S ; fklle, Sa, Ca ; fallyng- 
{Scotch form), S3 ; feld, W.— AS. (ge)feal- 
lan, -pt.fioll, pp. ge-feallen. 

Fallow, sb. fellow, Sa, S3 ; see Felawe. 

Fallow, v. to be fellow to, S3 ; see Pa- 

Fallynge, sb. a falling; faJlyngls,//., 
ruins, Wa, H. 

Fallynge-ax, sb. felling-axe, Wa ; see 

Fallsrnge-enylle, sb. the falling-sick- 
ness, epilepsy, Sa. 

Falfl, adj. false, MD, Ca; false, MD, 
C2,—AF.fals; Lat. falsum. 



Fals-hede, sb. falsehood, S3, C3 ; fal- 
w*t, S3. 

Falsien, v. to make false, MD; falsyn, 
Prompt. ; falsed, pp., Ca.— OF. falser 
(mod. fausser) ; Late Lat.falsare. 

Falsnessis, frauds, Wa. 

Falten, v. to fail, to be wanting in, to 
stammer; falt,/r. s., S ; fanten,//., PP. — 
OF. */fc/fcr (whence F.faute); cp. Ityfc/- 
/ar*, freq. form oi\jsX.fallere. 

Faltren, v. to totter, SkD, C3, CM ; to 
stammer, falter, Prompt. ; foltred,//., S3. 

Falwe, adj. fallow, pale, yellow, MD. 
— AS.fealu (stem fealwa). 

Falwen, v. to become yellow, pallid, to 
fade, MD ; falnwen, MD ; valuwen, S. — 
AS. fealuwian. 

Familier, adj. familiar, Manip. ; famu- 
lier, C; famnler, MD.— AF. familier ; 
Lat. familiar em . 

Fand, pt. s. found, S, S2, S3 ; see FJnd- 

Fandien, v. to try, seek, strive, to prove, 
MD, S ; fande, S2, H ; fonde, S, S2, S3, 
Ca ; uonden, S ; faynd, £ ; i-fonded,//., 
S. — AS.fandian ; deriv. of Finden. 

Fanding, sb. tempting, temptation, Sa ; 
fandynge, H ; fondnnge, S ; fondyng, 
Sa, G; uondynge, Sa. — AS.fandung. 

Fane, sb. banner, streamer, S3, MD; 
fayn, weather-vane, S3 ; fan, C3 ; vane, 
Ca ; fanys, pi., streamers, S3. — AS. fana, 
a standard, Goth, fana, a bit of cloth ; cp. 
Lat pannus (pdnus), see Curtius, 36a. 

Fantasie, sb. fancy, PP ; fantasy, S3 ; 
fantasies,//., P ; fantasyes, Sa, Ca.— OF. 
fantasie ; Lat. phantasia; Gr. QavTaaia. 

Fantome, sb. deceptive appearance, 
falsehood, apparition, MD, C3 ; fantotun, 
MD ; fantum, Sa, W ; fantom, H ; fan-* 
tesme, MD; fanteme, MD.— OF. fan- 
tosme (Ps. 78. 4); Low Lat. *fantasuma 
(cp. Prov. fantautna) ; Lat, phantasma ; 
Gr. (pdvracfia. 

Fare, sb. journey, S.; doing, business, 
Sa, C3, C ; behaviour, G. 

Faren, v. to go, to fare, to behave, S, 
Sa, Ca ; naren, S; fnren, S; far, S3; 
vare, S; fair, S3; farst, a pr. s., S; 
feared, pr. s. } S ; fars,'Sa ; var]>, pi., Sa ; 
for, pt. s. 9 S, Sa ; i-faren, pp.,S; faren, 
MD, Sa ; fare, S, Sa, Ca ; i-fare, S, Sa. 
Comb.: far wel, farewell, Ca; pi. fareth 
wel, C3 ; farewel, it is all over!, C3. — 
AS.faran, ptffr, pp. faren, 


Farme, sb t a feast, meal, CM, MD ; see 

Farsen, v. to stuff, HD ; farsed,^., C ; 
fareld, H. — OF. farcir; L&t.farcire. 

Fasonn, sb. fashion, make, shape, MD, 
CM ; fassonn, S3 ; faocion, S3 ; f ad on s , 
//., S3. — OF. fason, fasson, facon; Lat. 

Fast, adj. firm, fixed, SkD; fest, S; 
faste, adv. fast, firmly, quickly, soon, PP, 
S, Ca; securely, S; feste, S; fast, soon, 
PP ; close, Sa ; neste, S ; naste, Sa. Phr. : 
fast aboute, very eager, G. — AS. fast, 

Fasten, v. to make fast, also to fast,_/>- 
junare, MD, W (Mt. 6. 16) ; fest, Sa ; 
fceston,//. pi., confirmed, S; fested, pp. t 
Sa. — AS.fastan; cp. Goth, fas tan, 'jeju- 

Fasten, sb. fasting, S ; festen, S. 

Fasting, ^. abstinence from food, MD; 
fasstinng, S. 

Fast-lice, adv. continuously, S. 

Fastnesse, sb. stronghold, MD ; fest- 

Fast-rede, adj. firm in counsel, S. 

Fat, sb. vessel, S, Voc ; fet, MD ; net, 
MD ; feat, MD ; ueat, S ; faten, //., S.— 
AS. fat: OS. fat; cp.OHG./w (Tatian). 

Fat, adj. fat, MD ; fet, S ; fette, //., S. 
— AS. fat; cp. Icel. feitr. 

Fa]>nten, v. to embrace, Sa ; see 

Fancon, sb. falcon, Ca ; fauoonn, PP ; 
fankyn, PP ; faneones, //., P.— AF.fau- 
con,falcun; Lat. falcontm. 

Fannt, sb. child, infant, MD ; launte, 
HD; fanntes, pi., P ; fanntts, P.— OF. 
fant, It. j ante ; Lat. infant em. 

Fauntee, sb. childishness, PP. 

Fanntekyn, sb. little child, PP; 
fawntkyne, HD ; fantekyne, HD. 

Fanntelet, sb. infancy, properly a little 
infant, PP. 

Fanntelte, sb. childishness, PP. 

Fanr, num. four, MD ; faure, Sa ; see 

Fanr-tend, ord. fourteenth, Sa, C£ 

Fante, sb. fault, MD ; taut, Sa.— OF. 
faute,falte. See Falten. 

Fanel, sb. impersonification of Flattery, 
PP ; fauuel, Sa ; faueU, flattery, S3.— 
OF. favele, talk ; Lat. fabella, ' sermo bre- 
; vis' (Ducange), 


i"awch, sb. fallow, S3; fauch, JD; 
lang*, HD ; firaf, HD. C<ww£. : lawon- 
Sallow, fallow-yellow, S3. 

Fawe, a<#. few, S ; sec Fewe. 

Fawely, ofo. few, S3. 

Fawn, sb. fawn, the young of an animal, 
MD; enulus—hinnulus, a young mule, 
Voc. ; fewne, hinulus, Voc. ; fowne, hin- 
nilus, Voc. [these Voc. words occur close 
to names for deer] ; fawn*, hinnulus, 
Cath. ; fownye, //., S3.— OF. /w», fern, 
foiin ; perhaps a derivative of Lat. foetus, 
see Diez, p. 580. 

Fay, sb. fay, fairy, a person endued with 
supernatural powers, HD ; fade, Sa ; fates, 
//., RD.— OF. fai (fee) ; Late Lat. fata, 
from Lat. fatum, a decree of destiny ; cp. 
It. fata, Sp. ykfcfo. 

Fayerye, sb. magic, fairy world, a fairy, 
MD; fl^eye, PP; feyrye, fairy origin, 
Sa ; feyrie, S2, PP ; fairye, Ca ; fairy, 
P.— OF. faerie, enchantment, also / eerie, 

Faym, sb. foam, S3 ; see Foom. 

Fayn, sb. streamer, weather-vane, S3 ; 



Fayn, adj. fain, glad, willing, Sa, Ca, 
MD ; fagen, S ; fain, MD ; u»in, S ; 
feln, MD ; nein, MD ; feyn, Sa : fawen, 
MD; &we, adv., gladly, MD; fainest, 
super/., CM. — AS. fagen. 

Faynen, v. to rejoice, PP; fainen, Sa ; 
fannen, to fawn, PP ; fawnyn, Prompt. — 
AS. fagenian,fagnian. 

Faynen, v, to feign, S3 ; see Feynen. 

Faynnes, ^. gladness, H (Ps. 67. 3) ; 
faynes, H. See Fayn, 

Fayntise, ^. pretence, S3; fayntis, 
H ; see Feyntise. 

Fayre, -<&#. fair, Ca, PP ; fa^err, MD ; 
ftei3er, MD ; faiffer, MD ; fei3«r, MD ; 
feier, S; nair, Sa ; fair, MD, S; nayr, 
Sa; fayr, S; vaire, S; faire, //., S; 
feyre, S, Sa ; veyrer, rw/., Sa ; ftolrest, 
j*/*r/., S ; fereate, //., S ; faireste, S — 

Fayre, <&&. courteously, kindly, PP ; 
ftolre, S ; fa^re, S ; faire, S, P ; feyre, 
S, Sa, CM ; feire, S, Sa ; naire, Sa. 

Fayrehed, sb. beauty, fairness ; faire- 
ned, Sa ; falrhede, S ; nayrhede, Sa. 

Fayrnes, sb. beauty, MD ; fclrneiie, 
S, Ca. 

Fayten, v. to tame, mortify, PP, Sa ; 
fatten, PP. See Afaiten. 

Fa^e, pl. spotted, S ; see Foh. 

Feale, sb. fail, failure, S3 ; see Faille. 

Fearen, v. to fare, S ; see Faren. 

Feawe, adj. few, S ; see Fewe. 

Feble, adj. feeble, S, Sa, PP; fieble, 
Ca, P ; feblore, comp., Sa ; febelore, PP ; 
tOUm*, ¥¥.— OF. febU,fioible; Lat. flebilem. 

Feble-like, adv. in sorry fashion, S. 

Feblen, v. to become weak, to make 
weak, PP ; febli, Sa ; febly, Sa ; feblid, 
//., MD. 

Fecchen, v. to fetch, S, Sa, Ca, P; 
veoche, S ; feohen, S ; fache, S3. — From 
AS. fecce, pr. s. of feccan (**fetian). See 

Fecht, v, to fight, B ; see Fiffnten. 

Fechtaris, sb. pi. fighters, S3, B. 

Fechting-Sted, sb. battle-ground, B. 

Fede,<r£. enmity, S3 ; feide, MD.— AS. 
fikhd. See Foo. 

Feden. v. to feed, S, PP ; ueden, S ; 
fet, pr. j., S ; fett, S ; vedde, pt. s., Sa ; 
fedde, PP; foded, Sa; 1-ned, pp., S; 
i-uaedde, //., S,— AS. fidan : OS. fddian. 

Feder, sb. father, S ; see Fader. 

Feder, sb. feather, MD ; see Pother. 

Fedranune, sb. plumage, S3 ; see Fetf- 

Fee, sb. cattle, property, money, PP, Sa ; 
feo, MD ; fe, S, Sa, PP ; fen, MD.— AS. 
feoh : OS. fehu ; cp. Lat. pec us. 

Feend, sb. enemy, fiend, Ca, C3 ; fend, 
S, Sa ; feende, PP ; feont, S ; ueond, S ; 
fond, MD ; fynd, MD ; fende, Sa, S3 ; 
feondes, pi., S ; fendee, S, Sa ; fiendes, 
S; Tyendes, Sa; feendls, W. — AS. 
fiond, pr. p. of fion, to hate ; cp. Goth. 
fiands,fijands, enemy, pr. p. oifijan, to hate. 

Feendli, adj. fierce, devilish (=Lat. 
diabolicd), W ; feondliohe, adv. fiercely, 
S ; feendly, Qi.—bS>.fe'ondlic,fiondlice. 

Feer, sb. companion, S3 ; see Fere. 

Fees, sb. pi, landed possessions, cities, 
Sa ; feys, HD ; feu*, PP.— OF. feu, fiu, 
in pi. feus, fieus, fius, fiez, all found in 
Roland ; also OF. fie (Bartsch), F. fief; 
probably of Teutonic origin, cp. OHG. 
fihu, property; see Braune, in ZRP. x. a6a. 
See Fee. 

Feet, sb. deed, Ca, PP ; see Fet. 

Feffement, sb. possession, Manip., PP. 

Feffen, v. to put into possession, MD, 
PP; feffede, pt. s., Sa.— OF. feffer; cp. 
Low lM\..f0offare. See Fee*. 



Feht ; see Fighten. 

Pei, sb. faith, Sa; fey, Ca, C3 ; see 

Feier, adj. fair, S ; see Fayre. 

Feierlec, sb. beauty, S. 

Feild, sb. field, MD. Comb.: feiMU 
going*, a walking out of doors, S3. See 

Feir, sb. companion, S3 ; see Fere. 

Feir, adj. fair, S, PP ; see Fayre. 

Feire, adv. kindly, PP, S, Sa. 

Feiren, v. to make fair, S. 

FeiV, sb. faith, S, PP ; feyth, PP ; feth, 
S3 ; fei#, Sa ; fei, Sa ; fey, Ca, C3 ; fei, 
Sa ; lay, G, PP. Phr. : ye- feth, in faith, 
S3.— OF. fei, feit,feid; Lat. fidem. 

FeiS-fal, adj. faithful, MD ; fcithfol, 
PP; fei^tfnl, Sa. 

FeiSliche, adv. faithfully, MD; fei;- 
liche, Sa ; fei3j>ely, Sa ; fepli, Sa ; feitn- 

Pel, sb. a fell, mountain, Sa ; fell, MD ; 
felle, MD, Sa.— Icel. f/all. 

Pel, adj. base, cruel, treacherous, Sa, 
PP, Ca, G, W ; fell, S3 ; felle, Sa, S3, 
Wa ; pi, PP, 02.-KF.fely wicked, cruel. 

FelaW6, sb. partner, companion, fellow, 
S, Sa, C3, PP ; felaw, Sa,PP ; felow, S3. 
PP; folate, S; fellow, Sa, S3; felaus, 
pi, Sa ; feolaaea, S ; nela^es, Sa. — Icel. 
ftlagi, partner in common property (f€). 
See Fee. 

Felawen, v. to associate, to be fellow 
to ; fellow, S3 ; uela^en, MD ; felagnid, 


Felawrede, sb. fellowship, MD; ue- 
la^rede, Sa. 

Felawschipe, sb. fellowship, society, 
crew, PP ; fela^enipe, Sa ; feolahscipe, S. 

FelawsMp, v. to associate, MD; felon- 
nchlj>i& f pp., Wa. 

Fela^liche, adv. intimately; feoloh- 
lnkevt, super I., S. 

Feld, sb. field, S, PP ; feeld (heraldic), 
Ca ; ueld, Sa ; flld, MD; felde, dot., S, 
Sa ; uelde, S, Sa ; ualde, S ; feldes, pi., 
S, S3.— AS. feld. 

Feld-fare, sb. fieldfare, lit. « field-farer,' 
Sa ; campester, Voc. ; ruruscus, Voc. 

Veldi, adj. chsunpaln ( =L&t. campestris), 
MD ; feeldl, W. 

Feldishe, adj. belonging to the country, 

Pole, adj. many, S, Sa, S3, Ca, PP ; 


▼ele, S, Sa; feole, S, PP ; ueole, S; 
veale, S; vale, S, HD; felle, S3.— AS. 
fela ; cp. Goth. filu. 

Felefalden, v. to multiply, MD ; feie- 
felded,//. j.,Sa. 

Fele-folde, adj. manifold, S; many 
times, PP. 

Felen, v. to feel, S ; uele, MD ; fel me, 
1 pr. s., Sa ; felde, pt. s., S; feld, Sa ; 
felte, Ca; feelede, C3.— AS. felan : OS. 
filian (in gi-filian), OHG. filjan; cp. 
fualen (Otfrid). 

Pell, sb. skin, S3 ; fel, MD, Sa, G, P ; 
felle, Sa ; fellee, //., S ; uellee, S ; fellys, 
Sa.— AS. fell; cp. Goth. fi 11. 

Fellen, v. to fell, S, PP ; felle, Sa ; 
fclle«, pr. pi., S ; felde, pt. s., G, PP.— 
AS. fellan, OHG. fallian ; OS. fellian, 
OHG. fellen (Otfrid). 

Felnesse,^. astuteness ( =Lat. astutia), 

Felon, sb. villain, traitor, PP ; feloun, 
PP; felloun, S3; fellonne, S3.— AF. 
feloun, felon, ace. of fel. See Fel. 

Felonie, sb. base wickedness, MD; 
felony, S ; felonye, Sa, S3, C3, Wa. 

Felonliche, adv. cruelly, PP ; felnn- 
lyche, Sa ; felounelioh, PP ; felunly, Sa. 

Pen, sb. a section of Avicenna's book on 
medicine called the Canon, C3, CM. — 
Arabic fan, a branch, division, category; 
cp. Ducange (s.v.fen). 

Pen, sb. mud, mire, marsh, dung, Sa, 
Sa, G, H ; fenne, Voc, Prompt. ,W; uenne, 
S. — AS. fenn : Oo\h..fani, mud, clay. 

Fenden, v. to defend, PP ; fend, imp. 
s., S3.— From OF. defendre ; Lat. defendere. 

Fenestre, sb. window, PP ; fenyetaria, 
pi., S3.— OF. fenestre; Lat. fenestra. 

Feng; see Fon, v. 

Fenkel, sb. fennel, MD, PP ; fenecel, 
Voc; fenkU, PP; rynkel, PP; fynkyl, 
Voc ; fenel, PP ; fenyl, Sa. Comb. : fenel 
seed, PP. — Lat. feniculum, foeniculum ; 
cp. AS. fenol (Voc). 

Feole; seeFele. 

Feond, sb. enemy, PP ; feont, S; feond- 
em, pi., S; see Feend. 

Feord, sb. army, S ; see Ferd. 

Feorden,, fared, S ; see Feren. 

Per, sb. fire, S; fere, dat., Sa; nere, 
Sa ; ueree, S ; see Fur. 

Per, adj., adv. far, PP, S, Sa, Ca ; ferr, 
S, Sa, PP; uer, Sa; feor, S; ueor, S; 
for, S; ferre, cornp., C; ferrer, S3, C, 


PP ; ferreot, super/., PP. Comb. : fer- 
farth, far away, completely, Sa, S3, Ca, 
€3; farforth, S3; feornorp, S.— AS. 
/awrr : OS. yfcr ; cp. Goth, fatrra. Cf. 
Ferd, j£. an expedition, army, MD ; 
" , S ; feord, S ; nerd, MD ; fade, 



MD; farde, da/., MD; ferde, pi., S; 
ferdes, MD; verden, dot., S; uerdea, 
MT>.—AS.jZrd,fyrd,ferd. See Vam. 

Ferd. j£ fear, PP, G ; feerd, MD ; 
ferde, <&/., MD, CM, Sa. 

Ferdfol, adj. causing terror, timid, 
MD, W, Wa ; feerdful, Wa. 

Ferdlayk, sb. fear, MD. 

Ferdnes, sb. fear, MD, Sa. 

Fere, v. to frighten, terrify, PP, Sa, W ; 
feare, S3 ; feere, CM ; fered,//., Sa, C3 ; 
ford, Sa ; ferde, S3 ; feared, S3.— AS. 
fckran, to frighten. 

Fere, sb. companion, S, Sa, S3, G; 
nere, S; feer, S3; feir, S3; feren, pi., 
S ; ferin, S ; feiren, S ; fares, S, Sa ; 
feeres, Sa. See Xfere. 

Fere, adj. well, sound, MD, Sa ; far, 
S, B ; felr, B. Pkr. : hoi and fer, MD, 
S; naUl and feir, safe and sound, B. — 
Icel. yferr, able, strong (for travelling). 

Fere, sb. power, ability, S, MD. — Icel. 
fart, opportunity, ability. 

Fere, sb. fear, PP, S, Ca, MD; feer, 
MD; fer, MD, PP; feere, PP; ferie, 
pi., MD ; Uteris, MD.— AS. fkr, sudden 

danger ; cp. Icel. fdr, harm. 
Fere-full, adj. fear-causing, also timid, 

MD ; fearful, MD ; ferfol, MD ; ferfol- 

le*t, superl., CM. 
Feren, v. to fare, to go, to behave, 

MD ; fade,/*. s. t G, S, Sa, Ca ; ferden, 
pi, S3 ; feorden, S ; nerden, S ; furde, 

MD; ferd, Sa. — AS. firan, pt. firde\ 

deriv. of Faren. 
Ferien. v. to bring, MD ; tuntS,, 

S. — AS. ferian, Icel. ferja: Goth, farjan. 

Deriv. of Faren. 

Ferlac, ^. fear, MD ; fearlao, S ; far- 
lac, S. See Fere. 
Ferlien, v. to wonder, PP ; ferly, JD ; 

twleiM,, S3 (13. 80) ; ferliede,//. s., 

Ferly, adj. dangerous, dreadful, sudden, 

strange, Sa, PP, CM ; fertich, MD, S ; 

ferli, Sa ; ferUohe, adv., S ; ferly, Sa.— 

Ferly, sb. a wonder, Sa, P ; mrly, MD ; 

ferlikes, pL, Sa ; ferlyes, Sa ; ferleis, S3 ; 
ferlls, P. 
Ferlyly, adv. wondrously, Sa ; ferlilic, 
Fermaoye, sb. pharmacy, medicine, C. 
— OF. farmacie ; Late Lat. pharmacia ; 
Gr. <papfjuuc*ia. 

Fermaas, sb. enclosure, S3 ; fermanee, 
JD. — OF. fermanee, from femur, to shut ; 
L&tfrmare, to strengthen. 
Ferine, sb. food, an entertainment, feast, 
meal, MD ; fume ; MD, CM ; neorme, 
MD. — AS. feorm ; cp. Low Lat firma, a 
feast (Ducange). 

Ferine, adj. firm, MD, Ca. — hS. ferme ; 

Ferine, sb. rent, revenue, MD, Sa, C ; 
fermes, //. farms, S3. — AF. ferme ; Late 
Lot. frma. 

Fermen, v. to strengthen, PP. — OF. 
fermer, to strengthen, alio to shut ; Lat. 

Fermen, v. to hold land at a fixed rent, 
Prompt. See Ferme, sb. 

Fermerer, sb. infirmary officer, Cath. 
See Bnfermerere. 

Fermery, sb. infirmary, S3, Voc. ; fer- 
morie, PP ; farmery, Cath. ; fermarye, 
Cath. (n.) ; fermerye, Prompt., Cath. (n.). 
— OF. enfermerie, infirmarie, infirmeric, 
Church Lat. infirmaria, a place for the in- 
firm (Ducange). 

Fermonr, sb. farmer, steward, CM, 
MD ; fermer, Cath. See Ferme, sb. 

Fern, sb. fern, Ca ; ferene, dat. t Sa. 
Phr. : alaaehen of feme, fern ashes, MD. 
Comb. : fera-aashen, fern ashes, Ca. — AS. 
feam (Voc.) : OHG./ar*. 

Fern, adj. and adv. old, long ago, Ca, 
PP ; feme, CM ; forn, MD. Comb. : fera- 
3eres, past years ; fern yere, formerly, PP. 
— AS. fyrn (see Sievers) ; cp. OS. furn, 
forn, fern, Go\h.faimis. 

Ferreden, sb. company, S; nerade, S. 

Ferren, adj. and adv. far, distant, MD ; 
feren, S; verrenne, //., S; feme, C. — 
AS. feorran, from afar. See Fer. 

Ferret-ailke, sb. coarse silk, S3, Florio. 
— It. fioretti, from fUre, flower. Cf. 

Fers, adj. fierce, brave,.Prompt, C, PP ; 
lien, Sa, Ca, C3; flerse, PP.— OF. fers, 
fiers (Roland) ; Lat. ferus. 

Fersly v adv. fiercely, PP, B. 



Permease, sb. fierceness, Ws, PP;' 
feersnesse, W, Wa. 

Ferst, adj. and adv. super I. first, S, S2, 
PP ; nerst, S2 ; ftinit, S, S2, P ; forst, 
S.— A3, fyrst : OHG. furisto. Superl. of 

Perth©, ord. fourth, C3, PP ; flerthe, 
PP, S; feorthe, PP, S; fenrthe, S2 ; 
ferth, S2 ; fierth, S2 ; ueoxtt, S.—AS. 
fiortia. See Foure. 

Ferthyng, sb. farthing, S2, PP ; fer- 
thing, PP. Comb. : ferjringes nok, a far- 
thing piece, S2 (p. 301) ; fer}>yng noke, 
S2.— AS.ffortiung. 

Fertre, sb. litter, bier, shrine, MD; 
feertyr, feretrum, Prompt.— OF. fertere, 
fiertre ; l&t feretrum ; Gr. <piptrpov. 

Fertren, v. to place in a shrine ; fer- 
tezed, //. s. s S2. 

Fesaxtnt, sb. pheasant, S3; fesant, 
Voc; fesanntes, pi., PP ; fesauns, S2. — 
OF. faisan ; Lat. phasianum (ace.) ; Gr. 

Fesien, v. to drive away, MD ; fesyn, 
Prompt., HD ; veize, DG ; pheese, ND, 
Sh ; feaaed, #., ND.— AS. ftsian, ioifys- 
ian, to drive away, see Sievers, 154. See 

Fest, adj. and v. ; see Fast, Fasten. 

Fest, sb. fist, C3 ; see Fast. 

Feste, sb. feast, S, PP, C2, C3 ; fest, 
S3 ; festes,//., S2.— AF. feste; L&t.festa. 

Festeien, v. to feast, to entertain, MD ; 
festeyinge, pr.p., C2. — OF. festeier, fes- 
toier; Late Lat. *festicare ; cp. Prov. fes- 

Festen, sb. fasting, S ; see Fasten. 

Festlich, adj. festive, fond of feasts, C2. 
See Feste. 

Festnen, v. to fasten, S ; festnin, S ; 
ftostned,//., S; i-uestned, S; festnyd, 
PP.— AS. fastnian. 

Fet, sb. deed, PP; feet, C2,PP; fait, 
S2; faite, PP.— OF. fet, fait; Lat. fac- 

Fet, adj. fat, S ; see Fat. 

Fet,, feet, S ; .see Foot. 

Fetel, sb. vessel, S2 ; vetles, MD ; 
feUes, MD; pl.,S.—AS.fatels, pi. fcetel- 
sas (Voc). See Fat. 

Feter, sb. fetter, MD ; fetyr, compes, 
Prompt. ; feteres,^/., G.— AS. fetor. 

Feteren, v. to fetter, MP, G ; fettren, 


P; y-fetered, pp., G; fettred, C2; 
lfetered, G.— AS. (ge)feterian. 

Fetk, sb. faith, S3 : fe«li, adv. faith- 
fully, S2 ; see FeiB, FeflJUdhe. 

Fetker, sb. feather, C2; fy>er, Sa; 
fedyr, Prompt. ; feSres,//., S ; fetnerls, 
wings, W2 ; fedres, MD.— AS. fetter. 

FeSer-foted, adj. four-footed, S. — Cp. 
AS. fiber fdte. With AS. fiber cp. Goth. 
$dwor. See Fonre. 

Fetfor-home, sb. plumage, MD; «e- 
dramme, S3. — AS. feber-hama ; cp. OS. 
fetterhamOi Icel. fjatirhamr<, see Grimm, 
Teut. M., p. 327. See Fetner. 

Fetis, adj. well-made, neat, handsome, 
MD, S2; fetys, S2, C3, C; fetyce, 
Prompt.— OF. faitis(f. -ice) ; Lutfactitium. 
See Fet (deed). 

Fetisliche,tf^ neatly, Si, PP; fetys- 

Fetten, v. to fetch, MD, S2, S3 ; fete, 
MD, S ; fetteth,, G ; tette,pt. s. 9 
S,C2,C3; uette,MD; &tte,MD; uatte, 
MD ; fet, S3 ; fetten, pl^ S2, P ; y-fot, 
pp., C2 ; fet, MD, S2,C2 ; fette,//., MD. 
—AS.fetian (Grein). Cf. Fecohen. 

Fettle, sb. order, condition. Phr* : in. 
good fettle, JD, HD. 

Fettle, sb. girdle, belt, horse-girth, JD. 
Cp. Icel. fetill, OHG. feziJ. 

Fettlen, v. to bind, fit, make ready, set 
in order, MD ; fettle, to tie up, put in 
order, JD; fetyl, JD ; fettled,//., S2. 

Feute, sb. track, scent, S2, MD ; fewte, 
vestigium, Prompt. ; fate, odour, Prompt. ; 
foute, S2. Comb. 1 foote-sannte, scent, 

Feuer, sb. fever, PP ; feuere, PP; fenre, 
PP; ftruerls,//.,W.— AF. fevre; Lat./<r- 

Feuerere, sb. February, HD ; feuerel, 
HD; fenir^er, S3; feuer;ere, HD 
(s.v.jraiste). — OF. fevrier ; Late Lat. *fe~ 
brarium ; Latfebruarium (mensem). 

Fewe, few, S, PP; feaw, S2 ; 
veaw, S2 ; fa we, S ; feawe, S ; vewe, Sa ; 
fen, S ; fo, S ; fon, S2 ; la, H (Ps. 101, 
25); foner, comp., Si. — AS. fiawe; cp. 
Goth. faws. 

Fewnjng,^. thrusting, S3. SeeFoynen. 

Fewte, sb. fealty, S3, Prompt, HD ; 
UutB,UD.—AF.feaute,fea/te; hzX.fidel- 

Fey ; see FeiB. 

Feydom, sb. the state of being near 


death, or that conduct which is supposed 
to indicate it, JD. See below. 

Feye, adj. dead, doomed to death, 
feeble, S, Sa, MD ; fey, JD, HD ; lay, 
MD; fteie,//. dead, S, MD ; te^«,MD. 
— AS.fikge; cp. Icel. feigr; see CV. 

Feyn, adj. fain, Sa ; see Fayn. 

Feynen, ». to feign, Ca, C3, PP; 
felne, Prompt., MD ; feyneden,//.//., Sa ; 
fayneden, S3 ; y-feyned, pp., Ca.— AF. 
feindre (pr. ^.feignant) ; Lat. finger e. 

Feynt, a#. feigned, false, also weak, 
feint, MD, Prompt. ; feint, MD ; feynte, 
//., YV.—OY. feint, pp. oifeindre. 

Feynten, v. to be weak, MD, Prompt. 

Feyntillg, ^. fainting, failing, Ca. 

Feyntise, sb. deceit, hypocrisy, also 
weakness, cowardice, MD, Sa, P ; fayntis, 
H ; iayntlse, S3. 

Feyre,^. fair,PP; lalre, P; fayxe, PP; 
feyres,j»/.,P. /%r. : this felre la i-doon, 
this fair is done, everything is sold, there is 
bo more business to be done, G. — OF. feire 
(mod. foire) ; Late Latferia, a fair; from 
'LaX.feriae, holidays. 

Feyrie,j£. fairy origin, Sa ; seeFayerye. 

Fe^en, v. to join, MD; velen, MD; 
i-neied,#., S,— AS. fifgan; cp. OHG. 
/**£** (Otfrid). SeePo3. 

Ficchen, v. to fix, MD ; fitenid, //., 
W, Wa ; flohyt, B.— OY.ficher (Ps. 31. 4) ; 
Late Lat. *figicare, from hat figere, to fix, 
see Diez (s.v.ficcare). 

Fieble, adj. feeble, Ca, P ; see Feble. 

Field, sb. field, Sa ; see Peld. 

Field-wode, sb. name of a plant, Sa. 

Field-wort, sb. gentian, HD; feldwort, 
herba luminaria, Alph. 

Fiers, adj. fierce, Sa, Ca, C3 ; fltrie, 
PP; see Fern. 

Fierce, ord. fourth, S, P ; see Fertile. 

Fife, num. five, S ; fyf, PP, Ca ; HIT, B ; 
flffe, B; nine, S; ftrue, Sa, PP ; fif, PP. 
~-AS.f(f: Goth. fimf, see Sievers, 185. 

Fifetende, ord. fifteenth, Sa. 

Fif-fald, five-fold, MD ; fif-folde, S. 

FifF-STUU, adj. five in all, B. 

Fifte, ord. fifth, S ; fifj*, S; fyfte, PP. 
— P&.fifta. 

Fifbe-fldfa, adv. fifthly, S. 

Fighten, v. to fight, PP; fi;te, S; 
vy5te,Sa; finten, PP, Sa ; «e3tande,/r./., 
Sa ; leant, pt. s., MD ; fant, MD ; «eht, 
MD; fknht,PP; fanght, MD, Ca; font- 



en, //., S; ft^ttn, S; firanten, PP; 
fon^ten, PP ; Utouhte,pp., PP ; y-foo*te, 
PP; fooffhten, C; fon^ten, PP.— AS. 
feohtan, pr. s. y£ A/, pt. /£<*/&/ (pi. fuhton), 
pp.fofiten; cp. OHG. fehtan (Otfrid). 

Figure, ^. figure, MD, Ca ; figonr, 
MD ; oigonr, MD ; figures (of speech), 
Ca. — AF. figure; Lat figura. 

Fignrie, sb. figured work, S3. 

Fihten, v. to fight, Sa,PP; see Tighten. 

Fiht-lac, sb. fighting, S.—AS.feoAt-ldc. 

Fikel, adj. fickle, treacherous, MD; 
fikll, H (Ps. 39. ai) ; fykil, G ; fickle, 
fidgety, S3. — AS.ficol, inconstant. 

Fiken, v. to be fidgety r to go about idly, 
MD, HD ; to flatter, play the hypocrite, 
deceive, MD. — Cp. AS. be-fician ,to deceive, 
to go round. 

Fil, //. s. fell, Ca, PP; lyl, Sa; see 

File, sb. concubine, P; fyle, HD.— OF. 
fille, fUie, daughter, wench ; Lat filia. 

Fille, sb. wild thyme, Sa, MD ; serpil- 
lum, Voc. ; fill, rest-harrow, HD. Phr. : 
not worth a fille, MD.— AS. fille. 

Filstnien, v. to help ; filstnede, //.;., 
S. See Foist. 

Filthe, sb. filth, foulness, MD ; fottle, 
S.— AS.fyldu. SeeFonL 

Filthehed, sb>. dirtiness, W. 

Filtz, sb. son, PP ; fits, PP ; As, PP.— 
AF. fiz {fitz) - r OF. filz 9 fils ; Lat. filius. 

Finden, v. to find, S ; lynden, S ; rind- 
en, S ; vynde, S ; fynt, pr. s. t C3 ; fint, 
//., S ; fluid, //. s., S, Sa, S3 ; fiuit, S ; 
fond, S, Sa, G, Ca ; fonde, Sa ; font, Sa ; 
vond, Sa ; foond, Ca, W ; fonden,//., S ; 
fonde, S ; fbnden, S ; fluid, Sa ; fonde, 
Ca ; foonden, Sa ; i-fonde^//., S ; Ifoonde, 
S ; hUfonde, S ; foonde, Ca ; fonden, Sa ; 
funding', S3. — AS. findan, pt. /and (pL 
fundon), pp.fundtn. 

Findi), adj. heavy, firm, compact, 
weighty, S, MD ; findy, JD ; fondle, MD. 
— AS.findtg, heavy. 

Fine, sb. end, S3 ; fyn, Sa, S3, Ca, G. 
—OF. fin; Lat. finem. 

Finen, v. to end, S, MD ; fynde, ipr. s., 
S3 ; fon,/*. s., MD, Sa ; fan, MD; fyned, 
Sa. — OF. finer for finir ; \jsX.finire. 

Firmentie f sb. furmety, S3 ; see Fra- 

Firsin, v. to put far away, S ; firsen, 
S ; fenden, MD ; foreen, MD.— AS. fyr- 
sian. See Fer* 



First, sb. ; see Frest. 

Fisch, sb. fish, S, Wa ; Am, S ; fls, S ; 
flnei, //., S ; fjmamm, S ; flsechea, Sa ; 
Uses, Sa ; fiacnis, Wa. C<mk£. :— fle-cynn, 
fish-kind, S. — AS.flsc; cp. Lat./waV; Olr. 

Fischen, v. to fish, W ; flues, S. 
Fischere,^. fisher, W ; town, S. 
Fischinge, sb. fishing, MD ; Aaaing, S. 
Fisike, ^. natural science, art of healing, 
MD ; phisique, MD ; phisik, MD ; pne- 
ayk, MD; flsyk, Sa.— OF. flsiaut; Lat. 
physica (ars) ; from Gr. <pv<Titc6t. 
FiVele, sb. fiddle, MD, C, PP ; fldylle, 
vidula, vtdella, viella, Cath. ; &thele, z/t- 
/»&, Voc. ; tydyll, v*V//a, Prompt. ; vy- 
thule, Voc. ; redely*, //., MD.— Etym. 
doubtful, probably connected with Low 
Lat. vidula, ' a vythule' (Voc.) ; cp. OF. 
vide, a viol. 

FiSelen, v. to play on the fiddle, PP ; 
vydele, Voc. — Cp. Low Lat. vidulare 

Fitheler, sb. fiddler, PP ; ▼ythnlare, 
Voc. — Cp. Low Lat. vidularius (Voc.). 

Fits, Fis ; see rata. 

Flake, sb. thin slice, piece torn off. SkD; 
flaekes, //., S3 (ia. a) ; flookea, S3.— Cp. 
TXorvT.flak, an ice-floe. 

Flan, sb. arrow, S, MD ; flon, MD ; 
flone, MD ; flonne, //., HD ; flone, HD ; 
fiones, MD. — AS. fldn ; cp. Icel. fleinn. 
Cf. Flo. 

Flanckring, adj. sparkling, HD. 

Flanke, sb. spark, MD ; see Flannke. 

Flanker, v. to sparkle, HD. 

Flappe, sb. a blow, Prompt, Palsg.—Cp. 
T>u.jiap, a blow. 

Flappen, v. to flap, slap, clap, MD ; 
Hapten, //. //., P.— Cp. Du. flappen, to 

Flat, v. to flatter, S3.— OY.flater. 

Flateren, v. to flatter, pp. 

Flatlyngis, adv. flat, B. 

Flatonr, sb. flatterer, C, MD ; nlat- 
oui, //., MD.— OF. flateor ; Prov. flata- 

Flatten, v. to dash, cast quickly 
(water) ; flatte, pt. s., P ; flattlde, PP.— 
OF. flatir, to dash, throw down. 

Flanckt, sb. flake, flash, S3 (s.v.fyre) ; 
flaghte, flake, piece of turf, Cath. Phr. : 
flagnte of snawe, flake of snow, Cath. ; 
flygnte of snawe, Cath. ; naught of 
Are, flash of lightning, JD. See Flawe. 


Flanmbe, sb. flame, PP ; flambe,CM ; 
flamme, PP ; flawme, Prompt ; flanme, 
PP; flambea, //., Ca, C3.— AF. flambe, 
OF. flamme ; L&t. flamma. 

Flann, sb. a kind of custard, HD ; 
flawn, ND,SkD (p. 805); flannea,//., S.— 
OF. flaon (mod. flan) : Low Lat. fladonem 
(flatonem) ; cp. OHG.flado; see Ducange 

Flannke, sb. spark of fire, Sa ; flonke, 
PP ; flanke, MD ; flannkes, //., Sa.— Cp. 
G.flunkern, to sparkle, Dxl. flonkeren. 

Flannt-a-flannt, adv. displayed in a 
showy manner, S3, SkD. 

Flawe, sb. flake ; mphr. : flawes of r>rre, 
flakes of fire, SkD. — Icel. flagu, a slab of 
stone. Cf. Flauoht. 

Flay, v. to put to flight, to scare, Sa ; 
see Fleyen. 

Flayle, sb. flail, PP ; fle3jl, S ; flaUl, 
B ; flayles, //., PP ; neiles, PP.— OF. 
flail ; Lat.flagellum ; hence ORG.flegil. 

Fleck, sb. spot, blot, stain, RD.— Icel. 
flekkr ; cp. OUG. fleccho. 

Flecked, adj. speckled, spotted, PP; 
flekked, C3, PP, Cath., MD. 

Flee, sb. flea, Prompt. ; fle, MD ; fleen, 
//., C3 ; flen, MD ; flees, MD.— AS. JUo 

Fleen, v. to fly, flee, Ca, PP ; fleon, S ; 
fleo, S, Sa ; flen, C ; fle, S, Sa, G ; vie, 
Sa ; fliffhand,/r./., Sa ; fll^et, 2pr.s.,S; 
fte*c«,/r.j.,S; fle*, S ; fly)>,S3; fli*, 
S ; fleott, //., S ; fleen, Ca ; flen, PP ; 
flen, //. s., S ; flegh, Sa, PP ; fleih, Sa, 
PP; flaw, S3 ; fley, Ca, G, W ; flefe, P, 
W ; neigh, C ; flngen,//., S ; flowen, Sa, 
C, P ; flowe, Sa ; flowen, pp., MD ; flowe, 
G. Weak forms : fledde, pt. s., Ca, PP ; 
fled,#>.,MD.— AS.fliogan,JUon, ^t.fle'ah 
(pl.flugon), m.flogen. 

Flees, sb. fleece, Sa, PP ; fine, PP ; 
fielfl, PP ; fleose, dat., MD ; fleyce, S3.— 
AS.flios (flys) ; cp. G. vlies. 

Fleich, v. to flatter, JD ; fleehand,/r. 
p., B ; fleeohing, 8 ; fleionit, pp., S3. — 
OY.flechir, to bend, to move any one. 

Flem, sb. flight, MD; nlexn, MD; 
fleam, Voc. ; fleme, dat., MD. — AS. 
fliam\ cp. Icel. flaumr, a flowing, OHG. 
floum (Otfrid). 

Fleme, sb. fugitive, S, Sa.— AS.'JUma, 
and fly ma (Voc). 

Flemen, v. to put to flight, MD, Sa ; 
flemed,//. s., S3 ; flemden,//., S ; flemed, 
//., C3; flemit, S3.— AS. flyman, fly man. 


Flemer, sb. banisher, Sa, C3. 
Flen, v. to flay, S; He, S; flo, S ; 
flou*,//. j., S; nlo?en, //., MD ; flaym, 
/#., MD ; flean, HD.— AS. Jean, ?\..ft6h, 

Plesch, sb. flesh, PP; Amo, S; fiela, 
S, S2 ; fleys, PP ; Am, S ; flelsoh, W; 
fleysn, Sa ; flelamh, Sa ; fleamh, S, PP ; 
lleaoe, dat., S ; nlesse, Sa ; flmci, S ; 
Heiachie, //., V?2.—AS.fl<ksc ; cp. OHG. 
fltisc (Otfrid). 

Flesche-flye, sb. flesh-fly, Prompt; 
llfrlaoh-flie, MD,Wa (Ps. 77. 45 and 104. 31). 

Fleschlich, adj. fleshly, S, PP; flea- 
liche, <&&. materially, S. 

Fleten, v. to float, swim, PP, B, S, S3, 
C, W; to flow,Wa; fleit, S3; fleyt, S3; 
fletes, /r. j., Sa ; fleet, Sa, C3 ; fleteth, 
C3 ; net, PP ; fleet, //. s., MD ; flnten, 
//., MD; floten, MD; flote, Si; flette, 
Sa ; fletlden, Wa.— AS. JUotan, pt JUat 
(pl.fluton), pp. floten. 

Flex, sb. flax, C, P, Voc. ; flax, Prompt., 
PP.— AS.fleax. 

Flex-hoppe, sb. linodium, Voc 

Fleyen, v. to put to flight, to scare 
away, frighten ; fley, JD, S3 ; flaien, MD ; 
flay, Sa ; flayed, pp., Sa ; fleyit, B.— Cp. 
Icel. fleygja, to cause to fly, throw. 

Plicht, sb. flight, PP, B ; flint, MD ; 
fli3t, S; fluht, S.— AS.flyht: OHG. fluht 
(Tatian). See Pleen. 

Flit, sb. strife, MD ; flyt, Sa. 

FlxteU, v. to strive, contend, quarrel, PP, 
HD, H; flytin, Prompt; flitU, pr. s., 
scolds, H ; flytande,/r. /., Sa ; flote,//. 
s., MD ; fllten, pp., MD.— AS. flltan, pt. 
fldt (plfliton), ^.fliten. 

Fliting, sb. quarrelling, scolding, PP; 
flytyn*e, H. 

Flo, sb. arrow, CM, MD; fla, MD ; 
flon, pi., MD, Sa ; floon, G ; flan, MD ; 
flo, MD.— AS.fld (Voc.). Cf. Plan. 

FlOC, sb. a gathering of men, beasts, 
birds, MD ; floeke (of swine), W (Mt. 8. 
30); floeke*,//., S. — AS.flocc. 

Floeke, v. tr. and intr. to collect, 
gather, MD, S3. 

FlOC-mele, adv. in crowds, MD ; flok- 
anele, Ca. — AS.flocnuklum. 

Flod, sb. flood, sea, S, Sa, PP ; flood, Ca, 
W ; flode, PP ; nodes, //., PP ; flndls, 
S3.— AS.flfd. 

Flor, sb. floor, MD, Sa ; flore, dat., S, 
*P.— AS.flor. 



Floret-silk, sb. coarse silk, Cotg. ; 
flurt-allk, figured silk, HD.— OF. fleuret 
(Cotg.) ; cp. G. florett. — Cf Ferret- 

Florin, sb. florin, originally the name of 
a coin stamped with the emblem of a lily, 
MD, C3; florelnea, pi, P.— OF. florin 

Floriflchen, v. to flourish, also to 
cause to flourish, to make to prosper, to 
brandish, flourish a weapon, MD ; flory- 
aehyn, to make flourishes in illuminating 
books, Prompt. ; flnrlohep, pr. s., adorns, 
decorates, S3. — OF. floriss- base of pr. p. 
of flortr; Lat florere ; see Constans. 

Plot, sb. fat, scum, Sa, JD.— Icel. flot. 

Flote, sb. a fleet, B ; flot, B.— Ictl.floti. 

Flote, sb. company, multitude, S, MD. 
—OF. flote (flotte in Cotg.) ; Lat. fluctum. 

Flote, Floten ; see Pleten. 

Floteren, v. to fluctuate, flutter, PP. — 
OF. floter ( + suffix -er) ; L&t.fluctuare ; see 

Flotering, sb. restless motion, Wa. 

Flour, sb. flower, Ca, C3 ; flnr, S ; 
flonrea, //., youthful powers, Sa. — AF. 
flur; Lktflorem. 

Flonr-danunes, sb. ladies 1 flower, per- 
haps Dame's violet or Dame-wort, Ifes- 
peris matronalis (Britten's Plant-names); 
Mr. Small suggests ' damask rose,' S3. 

Floure-de-lioe, sb. fleur-de-lys, Sa; 
flonr-de-lyaa, S3 ; flonr-de-lyois,//., S3. 
—OF. flor de lis (Bartsch, 193. a). 

Flouren, v. to flower, flourish, PP, Ca, 
Wa.— OF. florir.— Cf. riorlaonen. 

Flowe, Flowen ; see rieen. 

Flowen, v. to flow, S, PP ; flowe, to 
abound, Wa ; fL6hp,pr. s., S ; flowed,//, s., 
Sa. — AS.fl<kuan, ptfl/ow, -pp.flJwen. 

Flowing, sb. flood, Wa. 

Flowte, sb. pipe, cambucus, Prompt. ; 
floyte, MD.—OF.flaute, It. flauto. 

Flowten, v. to blow on a wind in- 
strument, MD; flowtyn, calamiso, flo, 
Prompt. ; floytyng-e, pr. p., C— OF. flau- 
ter\ Late Lat *flatuare from Lat. flatus; 
see Constans. 

Flowtour, sb., fluter, piper, CM. 

Flnm, sb. river, MD ; flow, flood, JD. 

Comb. : flnm Jordan, river Jordan, MD ; 

flnm lnrdon, S ; flom Jordan, MD, W ; 

fleme Jordon, MD. — OF. flum; Lat 

\flumcn (cp. Vulg., Mk. 1. 5). 



Flye, sb. fly, C3, PP ; fli3e, MD ; fte 5 e, 
MD; He, S3.— AS. flioge (fjge). See 

Plytten, v. tr. and intr. to remove, to 
depart, MD, S3, PP ; flatten, MD ; flit- 
ten, MD, PP; flute, imp.s., S; vlntten, 
to subsist, support oneself, S.— lct\. ffytja, 
to carry, remove, support, jtfK#Vw/& (reflex.), 
to remove oneself, to flit, also, to support 

fnast, sb. breath, S.— AS.fnast* 

Fnasten, v. to breathe, to breathe hard, 
MD, S, HD.— Cp. OHG. fnastdn, <an- 

Fnesdn, v. to breathe hard, to sneeze ; 
fhesetn, pr. j., puffs, snorts, C3.— AS. 

Fnesynge, sb. snorting, Voc. ; fnes- 
ynge (=Lat. stemutatio) i W2 (Job 41. 9). 
— AS* fniosung (Voc.)* 

Fo, adj. few, S ; see Fewe. 

Fod^e, adj. spotted, S ; see Ton, 

Fodder, sb. food for cattle, MD ; fbd- 
dre, dot., S.—AS.ffdor,foddor. 

Fode, sb. food, S, S2, MD ; node, S ; 
food, MD ; fade, MD,— AS.fSda. 

Fode, sb. child, lad, person, alumnus. 
S, S2, PP, HD, MD. 

Fob, adj. spotted, S, S2 ; fon, S ; ffeje, 
//., S ; foa3e, S.— AS. fdh ; cp. Goth. 
faihus, Gr. ttoikI\os. 

Foine, sb. beech-marten, Cotg. (s. v. 
fouinne); foyne, PP ; foyn^ee, S3; 
fooyne, the fur of the marten, Prompt. ; 
foyns, //., for, MD, HD.— OF. foine, 
faine, faine, the beech-marten, also faine, 
the fruit of the beech tree; Late Lat. 
fagina, 'mustela,' also 'glans fagi* (Du- 
cange) ; from Lat.faginus, homfagus. 

Foison, sb. abundance, plenty, might, 
MD, Sh., HD ; foyson, S2, C3; foysyn, 
S2 ; foysonn, B ; fnsionne, B.— OF. foi- 
son, fuison ; Latfusionem. 

Pole, sb. folk, people, S, S3, W2, PP ; 
nolk, MD; folk, PP ; nolkes, gen., S; 
folkene,, S ; folken, S2.— AS. fole. 

Folc-king, sb. the king of the people. 
MD; fblo-kinge, <fc/., S. 

Folde, sb. earth, ground, the world. S2, 
MD, HD, V.— AS. folde, OS.folda. 

Folde, sb. a fold, plait, MD, PP. Phr. : 
in monle volde, in manifold (ways), S. 

Folden, v. to fold, shut, embrace, PP ; 
fMde, MD ; folde,//. s., S3 ; folden, pp., 
S2, PP.— AS.fealdan, ^t.f4old, pp.fealden. . 


Pole, sb, foal, S, PP; foles, //., PP; 
folna, P.— AS.yto: Goth, fuld; cp. Lat. 
pullus ; see Brugmann, § 208. 

Fole, adj. and sb. foolish, lustful, a fool, 
MD, S2 ; foole, S3 ; fonle, H ; fnle, Sa ; 
fool, C3 ; to1e*,pL, S2, S3, P.— AF.>/. 

Folgen ; see Folwen. 

Folie, sb. folly, S2, PP ; folye, S, C2, 
PP; folie»,//.,S.— AY. folie. 

Folily, adv. foolishly, C3 ; folill, W. 

FoUich, adj. foolish, MD ; foly, Sa* ; 
folliehe, adv., S. 

Fol-marde, sb. polecat, S2 ; see Ful- 

Folte, adj. foolish, Prompt, Cath. ; 
folett, Prompt.— OF. folet (Bartsch). See 
Fole (foolish). 

Folten, v. to behave foolishly, MD, 
Prompt. ; folted, //. crazed, S3. 

Foltheed, sb. folly, PP. 

Foltische, adj. foolish, W ; folttsn, 

Foltren, v. to totter, S3 ; see Faltren. 

Foltrye, sb. foolishness, Prompt 

Folwen, v. to follow, C2, C3, t>P; 
folaen, MD, S ; folewe, S2, PP; folgen, 
S; follahenn, S; folhin, S ; fallow, S2 ; 
filffhe, S2 ; fblnand, pr. p., S2 ; folhett, 
pr. s., S ; folnee, S ; folewe*, S ; felewcft, 
S ; folwes, S2 ; fblgede, pt. s., MD ; fol- 
wede, PP ; folgeden, //., S ; folecheden, 
S ; folnd, S2 ; ;e-folffed,//., S ; i-folew- 
ed, PP; y-folowed, PP. — AS. folgian 
(Jylgean) ; cp. OHG. folgen (Otfrid). 

Fon, v . to seize, grasp, take, receive, S, 
Sa ; fo on, 1 pr. pi. subj. begin, S ; feng>, 
pt. s. began, MD ; fen? on, S ; veng*, Sa ; 
feng, pi., S2.— AS. fon, 1 pr. s. f6, pt. 
feng, vp.fongen. 

Fon, adj. few, S2 ; foner, comp. fewer, 
S2 ; see Fewe. 

Fond ; see Fonnen. 

Fongen, v. to take, receive, PP, S, 
S2, S3 ; ffengen, PP ; &ng, S2 ; see Fon, 

Fonger, sb. receiver, S2. 

Fo-man, sb. foeman, PP ; fomon, Sa ; 
fiunen,//., S, S2 ; vamen, S. See Foo. 

Fonne, adj. and sb. foolish, a fool, MD ; 
fone, HD ; fon, MD, H, HD.— Cp. Swed. 
fane, a fool. 

Fonnen, v. to act foolishly, MD ; fon- 
ned, pp. as adj. foolish, fond, W, Wa, 
HD j fond, S3, HD. See above. 


Font, sb. font, PP; fount, S2, PP ; 

fonn^t, Sa. Comb. : font-tat, font-vessel, 
S; lant*ston, font-stone, S; fontstoon, 
C3 ; fnn-ston, HD. — Church lM.fontem. 

Foo, adj. and sb., hostile, guilty, a foe, 
PP, C2 ; fo, PP, S2 ; no, S2 ; fo, S ; foa, 
S2 ; foon, pi., S3, C2, G, PP ; fon, PP, 
S2 ; fan, S ; nan, S ; foln, HD ; foyn, 
MD; fo, S; fooe, PP, C2 ; teas, Sa; 
foes, Sa ; mis, S2 ; lays, S3 ; foyle, Sa. 
— AS. ^f h f pi. _/# ; cp. Goth* fihan, to hate ; 
see Brugmann, § 458. Cf. Feend. 

Foole, sb. fool, S3 ; fool, PP. Comb. : 
fool sag*, licensed jester, PP ; foole large, 
foolishly liberal, S3 ; foole largely, S3 ; 
see Pole. 

Foom, sb. foam, C3, MD ; fame, HD ; 
font, Sa, MD; fome, MD, C3; mym, 
S3.— AS. f&m ; cp. UHG.fetm. 

Foot, sb. foot, also, a measure, Sa, C3, 
HD ; fot, S, S2 ; fat, B; foote, PP ; fote, 
PP; vote, dot., S; fate, B ; fot, //., S ; 
fett, S ; vet, S. Comb. : footnot, instantly, 
Sa, C3; fote bote, HD; fathate, fathat, 
K— AS. fit: Goth./*/*j. 

Foot-man, sb. foot-soldier, MD, HD ; 
fotman, MD ; votmen,//., Sa. 

Foot-etappe, sb. footstep, Prompt. ; 

For-, prefix (1), having generally the 
sense of ' loss ' or ' destruction.' Often it is 
merely intensitive, though generally in a 
bad sense. — AS. for-, Icel. for-, fyrir-, 
OHG. for- (Tatian),/r- (Otfrid), G. ver-, 
Goth. fra-,fair-. 

For-, prefix (2), for, in the place of; 
see For {prep.). 

For-, prefix (3), standing for AS. fore, 
before ; see Fore. 

For-, prefix (4), standing for OF. for- ; 
Lat. forts , outside ; cp. F. hors, from Lat. 

For, prep, for, by, for fear of, in spite of, 
in the place of, for the sake of, S, S2, PP ; 
forr, S ; fore, S, PP ; nor, S. 

For, conj. because, in order that, whether, 
S, S3, PP. Comb. : for onten, without, 
besides, Sa, B ; for owtyn, JD ; for ont, 
B ; for te, for to, in order to, S, PP ; vor 
te, S, S2 ; for to, PP ; vor to, S2 ; for pan 
pe, because that, S ; for-pon, S ; vorpan, 
therefore, S ; for pat pe, because that, S ; 
for pet, for that reason, S ; for pi, for that 
cause, S, S2, PP; nortfl, S; for-pe, S; 
for-py, S2, PP ; forr-pi, because, S ; for 
till, for to, S3; for-wbi, wherefore, Sa, J 



PP ; because. S3 ; for-anny, S3; for-why, 
C 3 ,PP. 

For, adv. far, S ; see Fer. 

For, pt. s. fared, S, Sa ; see Faren. 

Forage), sb. forage, food, C2.—O¥.for- 
rage, from forre ; Low lAtfodrum, from a 
Teutonic source, cp. AS. fodor. See Fod- 

Forager, sb. forager, messenger, PP. 
Cf, Forrayonr. 

For-arnen, v. to cause to run about, to 
ride about ; norarnd, pt. s., S2. — Cp. AS. 
arnan (v. tr.), pt. tsrnde, pp. tsrned. (For- 1 .) 

For-bathde, pp. //. bathed deep, S3. 
(For- 1.) 

For-beden, v. to forbid, S, Prompt,, 
S2, PP ; for1>eode, PP ; forbet, pr. s., S ; 
forbed, S ; forbadde, pt. s., PP; forbad, 
MD ; norbed, Sa ; flbrbede, //., MD ; 
forbnde, sub;., S ; forbeden, pp., H, S3, 
P ; forbode, S, PP ; forbednn, W.— AS. 
for-biodan, pt. -biadl^.. -budon), ^.-boden. 
(For- 1.) 

For-beren, v. to forbear, S, C, PP; 
norberen, S ; forbar, pt. s.,VV; forbare, 
P ; forbaren, //., S ; forbore, pp., MD. 
— AS. for-beran, pt. -beer (pi. -biron), pp. 
-boren. (For- 1.) 

For-bernen, v. tntr. to burn up, to be 
destroyed by fire, S ; forbrenne, MD ; 
norbarnde, pt. s., MD ; forbrende, MD ; 
for-bernen, v. tr. to burn up, MD ; for- 
benmen, S ; forbearne, S ; forbrenne, 
PP; forbrende, //. s. t PP, MD ; vor- 
barnd, pp., Sa ; norbernd, Sa, MD.— 
AS. for-byrnan (v. intr.), pt. -barn (pi. 
-burnon), pp. -burnen, also, for-barnan (v. 
tr.), pt. -barnde, pp. -barned. (For- 1.) 

For-bisne, sb. example, S ; norbysne, 
parable, S2 ; forbnsne, PP* — AS. fere- 
bysn. (For- 3.) 

For-blak, adj. very black, C. (For- 1.) 

For-bode, sb. forbidding, S, P ; forbod, 
S ; forbot, S. Phr. : Lordea forbode, it is 
the Lord's forbidding, PP ; Ooddee for- 
bede, PP ; Godye forbode, S3.— AS. for- 
bod. (For- 1.) 

Force, sb. force; fores, B; fore, B; 
foree, matter, consequence, PP. Phr. : 
no foree, it matters not, PP ; no fore, Sa, 
C2 ; no force, ND, HD, S3 (20 b. 87) ; 
to give no force, not to care, HD, Palsg. ; 
make no fore, C3. — AF. force : Late Lat. 
fortia. Cp. Cotg. (s.v.) : je ne fats point 
force de ccla, I care not for, I force not of, 
that thing. 


Forcere, sb. casket, strong-box, PP; 
forcer, HD ; focer, HD ; fosar, HD.— 
OF. forsier\ Low Lat forsarium (ace.), 
see Ducange. 

For-CUTSSed, pp. utterly accursed, S. 
(For- I.) 

For-cwiddare, sb. foreteller, S. (Por- 

Ford, sb. a ford, passage, course, MD ; 
forde, PP ; forth, PP, S2 ; vorJ>, S2 ; 
forth, MD.— AS. ford (OET.). 

For-dede,^- previous deed, S2. (For- 3.) 

For-demen, v. to condemn, MD ; fbr- 
demde, pt. s., S ; fbrdemed, pp., MD ; 
fordemet, S ; fordempte, //., MD.— AS. 
for-diman. (For- 1.) 

For-don, v. to destroy, S, MD, S2, C, 
P ; fordoon, S2 ; fordo*, pr. s., S, PP ; 
nordonne, ger., S ; fordnde, pt. s., PP ; 
fordede, S ; fordeden, pi., S3 ; fordo, 
pp., PP; fbrdon, S; fordone, S3.— AS 
for-ddn, pt. -dyde, pp. -d6n. (For- 1.) 

For-dreden, v. to frighten, MD ; for- 
dred,//., S. (For- 1.) 

For-drenche, "O. to make drunk, S. 
(For- 1.) 

For-dronken, pp. drunken, C3 ; nor- 
drunken, S. 

For-dnne, v. to dry up, S ; fordroye, 
pp., MD, CM ; fordrye, C2. (For- 1.) 

jr., -.-~, — r j w -» - - V . 

For-dynnand, /?*./., filling with loud 
din, S3 ; foredlnning, S3. (For- 1.) 

Tore, prep, before, S ; for, JD. Comb.: 
for by, past, by, B, C2, C3 ; for gane, 
opposite to, S3, B ; for onth, before, in 
front of, B; forowth, B; forrontn, S2, 
B ; forrow, S2, B.— AS. for, fore, in the 
sight* of, before, Goth, faura. 

Forest, sb. forest, MD ; forestes, pi, 
PP.— OF. forest. 

Forester, sb. forester, MD ; forster, 
C, PP, HD ; footer, HD. 

Foreyn, adj. strange, MD ; foreynes, 
//. strangers, PP. — OF. forain ; Late Lat. 

For-faren, v. to perish, to fare ill, 
PP, S2, G; forfayr, B; forfarn, pp. 
destroyed, S2.— AS. for-faran. (For- 1.) 

For-fered, pp. exceedingly afraid, C2, 
MD. (For- 1.) 

For-feren, v. to perish, MD ; forferden, 
//. //., MD ; forferde, S2.— AS. for-firan. 
(For- 1.) 

Forfet, sb. crime, forfeit, PP, MD.— 


OF. forfet, forfait ; Late Lat f or isf actum, 
forefactum (Ducange). (For- 4.) 

Forfeten, v. to do wrong, to fail, to 
forfeit, MD, PP ; fbrfaiten, PP. (For- 4-) 

For-feynted, pp. enfeebled, PP ; ior- 
fl^nt,S3. (For- 1.) 

For-freten, v. to eat away, PP ; ror- 
fre^/r. j.,FP. (For- 1.) 

Forgaf ; see For-^inen. 

For-gar, v. to lose ; fbrgart, //. pl% 
S2. — C^.lcg\.fyrir-gbra, to forfeit. (For- 1.) 

Forgen, v. to make, construct, forge 
(of smith's work), MD ; forgeden, //. //., 
Wa (Ps. 128. 3) ; fbrgit, pp., S3 ; fbrgid, 
pp._ OF. forger, forgier (Ps. 128. 3); Lat. 
fabricare (Vulg.). 

For-geten, v. to forget, MD, S, Sa ; 
see For3eten. 

Forgetil, adj. forgetful, H.— AS. for- 

Forgetilnes, sb. forgetfulness, H.— 

For-gilten, v. to forfeit, to make guilty, 
MD ; fbrgnlten, MD ; to harm, PP ; for- 
gilt, pt. s., MD; forgnlten, //., MD; 
forgnlt, pp., S, MD; forrgilltedd, S. 
(For- 1.) 

For-gon, v. to forgo, S2, C3 ; forga, 
Sa ; fbrgoon, C2 ; forgot*, pr. s. t S ; ft>r- 
gan, pp., MD; forgone, MD, S3.— AS. 
for-gan. (For- 1.) 

For-heden, v. to neglect, pay no heed 
to, S2.— From AS. hidan. (For- 1.) 

For-heed, sb. forehead, C ; forenened, 

MD. (For- 3.) 

For-helen, v. to conceal, HD ; tor- 

nolen, pp., S, HD; forhole, S, HD.- 

AS. for-helan, pt. -hal (pL -hMori), pp. 

-holen. (For- 1.) 

For-hewed, pp. hewn about, S3. (For- 

For-hilen, v. to protect, MD. (For- 1.) 

For-hiler, sb. protector, S2, HD. 

For-hiling, sb, protection, S2. 

For-hoght, sb. contempt, MD. (For-i.) 

For-ho^ieu, v. to neglect, despise, S; 
forhohien,MD.— AS.for-hogian. (For- 1.) 

For-langen, v. to long for; forrlan- 
gedd,#., S. (For- 1.) 

For-lesen, v. to lose wholly, MD, HD; 
forleoften, MD ; forleost, 2 pr. s., S; 
▼orleost, pr. s., S ; forleee)), S ; fbrles, 
//. j., S ; forlesed, 2 //. s., destroyedst, 
S2 ; forrlnrenn,//., S ; forloren,^., S; 
forrlorenn, S ; vorloren, S ; forlorn©, 
S3; forlorn, S2; forlore, S2, S3; nor- 


lore, Sa.— AS. for-liosan, pt. lias (pi. 
luron), pp. loren. (For- i.) 

For-leten, v. to leave off, forsake, yield 
up, S, Sa, Ca ; norlete, to forgive, S2 ; 
forlet, pt. s., S; forleten, //., S.— AS. 
for-l&tan, pt -/#, pp. ~l<kten. (For- 1.) 

For-leuen, v. to abandon, MD; for- 
le*f, imp. s., S. (For- 1.) 

Forloren ; see For-lesen. 

Forloynen, v. to go far astray, MD, 
HD ; forloyned, pp., S3. —OF. for longer, 
to go far before (Cotg.). (For- 4.) 

Formaylle, sb. the female hawk, MD, 
HD.— Cp. OF. forme, a kind of hawk 

Forme, adj. superl. first, S, PP; 
forane, S ; forme, MD. Comb. : forme- 
fiader, ancestor, S, Sa, S3, H, PP ; forme- 
foster, progenitor, S2 ; forme-mete, first 
meat, morning-meal, S. — AS. forma, superl. 
of fore, before. 

Forme, sb. form, figure, shape, MD; 
scabellum, Voc. ; forme, MD; fonrme, 
MD, W ; fourm, MD ; foorme, form of a 
hare, Prompt, (see F. forme, Cotg.). — AF. 
forme 1 Lot. forma. 

Formel egle, sb. female eagle, MD, 
CM. Cf. Formaylle. 

Formen, v. to form, Prompt. — OF. 
former ; Lat. for mare. 

Former, sb. former, creator, MD, PP. 

Formere, adj. comp. former, MD. — 
Comb. : formere fader, ancestor, Sa. 

Formest, adj. superl. first, S, PP ; fttr- 
meat, Sa. — A&.fyrmest (jormesf). 

Formour, sb. former, creator, MD, PP ; 
formeour, PP ; formyour, MD, Sa.— OF. 
formeor; Lat. formatorem. 

YoHLiPrep. and adv. before, MD, HD ; 
fbren, S. Comb. : form a^ena, over 
against, W. — AS. foran ; cp. OHG.fom, 
1 olim ' (Tatian). 

Forn-cast, pp. forecast, C, CM. 

Forneys, sb. furnace, C; foraaye, 
MD ; farneiae, S ; fornea, Sa ; fourneya, 
Ca, C3 ; fomeaae, HD.— OF. fomaise ; 
Lat fomacem. 

For-nimen, v. to take away, MD ; for- 
Aumen, pp. , S. — AS. for-niman. (For- 1 .) 

For-old, adj. very old, C. (For- 1.) 

For-pinen, v. to torment, MD; for- 
plnede, //. s. t MD; forpined, pp., HD ; 
fbrpyned, CM, P; famished, wretched, 
PP. . (For- 1.) 



For-priken, v. to spur violently; 
vor-prlked, pt. s., Sa. (For- 1.) 

Forray, sb. foray, B. 

Forray, v. to forage, B. 

Forrayonr, sb. forayer, forager, B; 
fbreyoura,//., PP; foreionree, PP. Cf. 

Forred, pp. furred, Sa, PP ; see Fnr- 

For-reden, v. to betray, hurt, wrong, 
S ; forreaden, S ; forradden, />/.//., MD ; 
forrad, pp., MD ; forred, S.— AS./*r- 
rcedan. (For- 1.) 

For-Saken, v. to forsake, to deny, re- 
fuse, PP, S, Sa ; uoreake, S ; foreoo, pt. 
s., Sa ; foraok, PP ; uoreoc, S ; foraake, 
a pt. s. , S ; foraoken, pi, PP ; foraake, pp., 
Wa, PP. — AS. for-sacan, to renounce, pt. 
-s6c, pp. -sacen. (For- 1.) 

For-seon, v. to despise, MD ; for-ae, 
HD ; foraeet, a pr. s., S ; forrae, subj., 
S. — AS.for-sion. (For- 1.) 

For-slouthe, v. to lose through sloth, 
C; fbreleuthed, pp., wasted idly, P. 
(For- 1.) 

For-SOnke,^.sunkdeep,S3. (For- 1.) 

For-spent, pp. exhausted, Sh. ; fore- 
apent, S3. (For- 1.) 

For-spreak, sb. an advocate, HD. 
(For- a.) 

For-8tallen, v. to forestall, obstruct, 
PP. See SkD (p. 805.) (For- 3.) 

For-standen, v. to stand for, avail ; for- 
wtto&,pt.s.,S. — A&.for-standan. (For- a.) 

For-sune^en, v. to be sinful, MD; for- 
aunegede, pp. pi., sinful, MD ; forslne- 
gede, S. — AS. for-syngian, pp. forsyngad. 
(For- 1.) 

For-swelten, v. to die, S, MD ; v. tr., 
to kill, S, MD ; forawelte, //., MD.— AS. 
for-sweltan, ' mori, perire/ (For- 1.) 

For-8wel;eu, v. to swallow up, MD ; 
Tior-swel^e, S2. (For- 1.) 

For-swerien, v. to forswear, MD; 
fbrauore, pt. j., MD ; foraworen, pp., S, 
G, PP ; forswore, PP ; uorsnore, Sa ; 
forsworene, //., S. — AS. for-swerian, pt. 
swdr, pp. -sworen. (For- I.) 

For-SWering, sb. perjury, C3. 

For-sweten, v. to cover with sweat, 
MD ; forawat,^., Sa, HD, B. (For- 1.) 

Forth, adv. forth, henceforth, throughout, 

PP, S ; north, S, Sa ; for*, S, Sa ; forth, 

prep., along, Sa ; forth, S3. Comb. : 

I forth dales, far advanced in the day, W ; 



fore days, HD ; fart* of, forth from, S3 ; 
forB rikt, straightway, MD ; for* rlhtes, 
S ; for* to, until, S ; for to, Sa ; forte, S, 
S3 ; fort, S ; uort, S ; fortbward, for- 
ward, S, Sa, C3 ; foxflwytk, right before, 
Sa ; fortkwlt, S ; forwit, Sa. 

ForS-clepien, v. to call forth, S. 

ForVen, adv. even, also, MD ; fbrr- 
penn, S. — AS.fortfum (Jurdum). 

ForVen, v. to promote, perform, S. — AS. 

Forther, adv. farther, Sa, PP ; fertner, 
Ca ; fnrder, S3 ; farter, MD. Comb. : 
fortbermore, furthermore, Ca, C3; for- 
thermo, C3 ; forthirmar, Sa ; fortlier 
oner, more over, C3. — AS./urtfor ( -fore + 
suffix -dor). 

Forther, v. to farther, aid, Sa ; for- 
tliren, C ; furtfren, S ; flrthren, S.— AS. 

ForV-faren, v. to go forth, S, Sa; 
uortt-farinde, pr. p. pi., S. 

FortS-feren, v. to depart, die; fortt- 
feorde,//. /., S — AS. ford-ftran. 

For-bresten, v. to destroy, MD ; for- 
praat, pp., Sa. (For- 1.) 

For8-teon, v. to draw forth, bring up, 
MD ; fortJteh, //. s., S.— AS. fort$-tion. 

For-Jyanchen, v. to repent, S; fbr- 
thynketh, pr. s. impers., MD ; fortlieii- 
Uth, W; for]>ynlees, Sa; forthlnke, 
imp. pi., Sa; fortluraste, //. s., W. 
(Por- 1.) 

For-trauailled, //, wearied with toil, 
MD ; fortravalit, Sa, B. (Por- I.) 

For-tnhting, sb. seduction, S; for- 
tihtiiiff, S.— From AS.for-tyhtan, to lead 
astray. (For- 1.) 

Fortune, sb. fortune, chance, MD, 
Prompt. ; fortonn, B. — OF. fortune ; Lat. 

Fortune, v. to make fortunate, to hap- 
pen, S3, HD, C. 

FortnnoUB, adj. fortunate, HD. 

For- waked, //• tired out with watch- 
ing, Sa, C3 ; forwake, Sa. (Por- 1.) 

For-wandred, pp. wearied out with 
wandering, P. (Por- 1.) 

For-wanyen, v. to spoil by indulgence, 
PP ; forweny, PP; forwene,PP. (Por- 1.) 

For-ward, sb. agreement, PP, S, C, Ca ; 
foreword, S, Sa, PP; voreward, S; 
forwarde, PP, Sa ; vorewarde, Sa. — AS. 
foreweard. (Por- 3.) 


For-waste, fP* utterly wasted, wasted 
with misery, S3. (Por- 1.) 

Forwe, sb. furrow, PP ; see Pur. 

For-werien, v. to wear out, MD ; for- 
werd, pp., S3. (Por- 1.) 

For-werpen, v. to cast aside, renounce, 
MD ; forrwerrpenn, S ; forrwarrp,//. s., 
MD ; forrwurrpenn, //., S ; forrwoxr- 
penn, //., S. — AS.for-weorpan, pt. -wearp 
(pi. -wurpon), pp. -worpen. (Por- 1.) 

For-wetyng, sb. foreknowledge, C. 
(Por- 3.) 

For- wit, sb. forethought, foreknowledge, 
P. (Por- 3.) 

For-witen, v. to foreknow, MD ; for- 
wot, pr. s.,C; forwoot, MD. — AS. fore- 
witan, pt. pr. -wdt. (Por- 3.) 

For- withered,//, utterly withered, S3. 
(Por- 1.) 

For-WOHnded,//. desperately wounded, 
S3; norwonnded, pt. s., Sa. (Por- 1.) 

For-wrapped, pp. wrapped up, C3. 
(Por- 1.) 

For-wreien, v. to accuse, S ; forwreye, 
S ; forwrei5et,//.,MD. — AS.for-wregan. 
(Por- 1.) 

For-wnrSen, v. to perish, S ; furwur- 
'oen, S; uorwurtfen, S; forworthes, 
pr. pi., Sa. — AS. for-weortian, pt. -wearti 
(pi. -wurdon), pp. -worden. (Por- 1.) 

For-^elden, v. to reward, S, MD, Sa ; 
for-yelde, Ca ; for-yhelde, to render, Sa ; 
for-yneld, //. s., Sa. — AS. for-geldan. 
(Por- 1.) 

For-^eldinffe, sb. retribution, Sa ; for- 
yhelding eg, pi. , b a . (Por- 1 . ) 

For-^emen, v. to neglect, MD; for* 
yemen, S. — AS.for-g6man, (Por- 1.) 

For-^erd, sb. court, W. (Por- 3.) 

For-^eten, v. to forget, S,PP ; forjuten, 
PP; foryeten, S; fbrgeten, S, Sa ; vor- 
Bete, S ; forgetltn,, G ; for^etetf, 
pr. s., S ; forget, S ; foi^et, S ; foryet, S ; 
forgat, pt. s., S ; for^ete, Sa ; format, G, 
PP ; for^aten,//., W; forffeten,^., S, Ca ; 
fbr^ieten, S ; foryete, S ; foraeten, Sa, 
PP ; for3ete, P, Wa ; forge*, H.— AS. 
for-gitan, pt. -geat (pi. -giaton), pp. -giten. 
(Por- 1.) 

Forgetful, adj. forgetful, W (Jas. 1. 
35) ; foryetfal, Ca. 

For-^inen, v. to forgive, PP ; foryene, 
C3; forjeuen, PP; forjieue, S; forrjl- 
fenn, S ; foryiue, Ca ; uorjiuen, S ; fbr- 
jrifen, S; forjef, imp.s., S; forgaf,//. j., 


S } fbr^af, G, W, PP ; for^ouen,^., Sa ; 
foigeuen, PP; foraouun, W; forgone, 

Vl2.—AS.forgifan. (For- 1.) 

For-^iuenesse, sb. forgiveness, MD; 
fbrr^ifenesse, S ; foryeuenease, S, PP ; 
for^euenesae, S. 

Foster, si. nourishment, MD, HD ; one 
nurtured, a child, MD ; foatyr, nurturer, 
fosterer, S3. — AS>.f6stor (-fdd-stor), nou- 
rishment. See Fode. 

Fostren, v. to foster, support, cherish, 
PP ; fosstrenn, S ; fostred, pt. s., C2, C3 ; 
y-fostred, pp., C2. — AS. fdstrian. 

Father, sb. a carriage-load, a load, MD, 
C; fotnyr, B; fodder, JD; fadyr, B; 
uo*ere,//., MD.— AS.ffler; cp. O.H.G. 
fuodar (mod. fudtr), whence F.foudre. 

Foil, adj. spotted, S ; see Fob. 

Foul, sb. fowl, bird, S2, C, PP ; fo3el, 
S ; fowel, C, PP ; fog»hlll, H ; funel, S ; 
ftraU, S3; tngeleu, £/., S; fables, S; 
fughils, H ; faeles, S ; fawelea, S ; tog- 
helea, S2 ; fog-hies, S2.— AS. fugol. 

Fo.ul, adj. foul, PP, MD ; uoul, MD, 
S2 ; fal, S ; rule, adv., S ; foule, G ; faL- 
uste, svperl., MD. Comb.: fal-itowen, 
badly disciplined, wanton, MD; ful-itohen, 
S ; fulitohe, S.— AS./*//, Goth./«/j. 

Foule, sb. fool, H ; see Fole. 

Fonlen, v. to make foul, defile, revile, 
destroy, S2, PP ; fowlen, S2 ; fulen, S; 
fllen, S2 ; illd, pp., S2.— AS. fiilian, to 
become foul, fylan, ' inquinare.' See Foul. 

Fonlere, sb. a taker of birds, W2. See 

Foul-hed, sb. folly, H. See Foule. 

Foundement, sb. foundation, S3, W. 

Founden, v. to found, PP ; fondit, pp., 
S3 ; y-founde, S3; foundun, W.— OF. 
fonder ; Lat. fundare. 

Foundour, sb. founder, PP.— OF. fon- 
deur; Lat. fundatorem. 

Foundren, v. to founder, also to cause 
to sink, MD; foundre, C; foundered, 
pp., S2 ; fowndryd (as horse), PP.— OF. 
fondrer, an extended form of fonder, to fall 
(Bartsch) ; see also Diez, p. 144. 

Founs, sb. bottom, S2; f ounce, MD, 
WA.— OF. fons (Bartsch) ; Lat. fundus ; 
cp. Prov. founs, deep (Diez, p. 143). 

Foure, num. four, C3, PP ; fower, S; 
uour, S ; fuwer, MD ; faur, MD ; faure, 
S2 ; fawre, S2 ; fowre, S2. — AS. flower, 
OS. fiuwar-x Goth, fidwor; «p. OWel. 
petguar, Lat. quatuor. 1 



Fonte, sb. scent, trace of a beast of 
chase, S2 ; see Feute. 

Fownys, sb. pi. fewns, S3 ; see Fawn. 

Foyne. sb. a foin, thrust, S3; prick, 
punctus, Manip. ; folnM,//., ND. 

Foynen, v. to thrust or lunge with a 
sword, MD, C ; feyne, MD ; fblgnen, 
MD ; foin, ND, Sh. ; foygnede, //. s., 
MD; foyneden,//., MD; fwn?eit, B. 

F05, sb. mutual consent, junctura, MD ; 
fo 3 e, dot., S.— AS./& gefig. 

Fra, Fra- ; see Fro. 

Fraiftten, v. to try, prove, MD, JD, 
HD ; fraiated, pp., MD, S2, HD.— IceL 
freista; cp. Goth, fraisan, AS. frdsian. 

Frake, sb. a man, HD ; see Freke. 

Fraklv, adv. keenly, greedily, hastily, 
S2, B, JD. See Frek. 

Frakne, sb. freckle, lentigo, Prompt. ; 
frakyn, lenticula, Voc. ; freken, neuus, 
Manip., HD; frecken, Palsg., Manip.; 
frakne*, pi., HD, C ; freknei, MD.— 

Fraknede,//. freckled, HD. 

Frakny, adj. freckled, Prompt. 

Fram, prep, from, S, S2, PP ; vram, 
S2 ; nrom, S. Comb. : fram- ward, prep. 
away from, MD, HD; frommard, S; 
nrommard, S. — AS. fram {from), and 
fromweard, ' aversus.* Cp. Fro. 

Frame, sb. benefit, advantage, S, S2; 
freme, MD ; ureme, MD. — AS. fremu ; 
lcel.frami, advancement. Fremu is from 
AS. fram (from), excellent. 

Framien, v. to serve, benefit, refresh, 
accomplish, MD; fremmen, MD; frame, 
S, HD ; frame, JD.— AS. fremian. 

Frank*), adj. free, Manip.— AF. franc % 
vp.franke homme, freeman. 

Frankeleyn, sb. freedman, libertinus, 
MD ; also a freeholder, C, HD, G ; franke- 
leyne, Prompt, PP ; frankelayn, Voc, 
PP; frankelln, C2 ; francoleyn, MD; 
frankeleyn«,//., C (A. 2i6).—AF.fraun- 
kelayn,fraunclein ; Low IjsX. franc hi lanus. 
The suffix -lanus is of Teutonic origin ; cp. 
AS. -ling; see SkD. (s.v. chamberlain). 

Fraught, pp- freighted, laden with 
cargo, MD, C3 ; fraughted, S3. 

Fraunchise, sb. freedom, prerogative, 
liberality, MD, PP ; fraunchyae, C2 ; 
fraunonis, H ; franchise, B. — AF. fran- 
chise (Jraunchise) ; formed with suffix 
-ilia; see Apfelstedt, Introd. 67. See 

Fray, sb. terror, S3, B ; see Effray. 



Frayel, sb. basket, PP; feeyel, PP; 
feayle, Prompt. ; feaile, HD.— OF. frayel, 
frael; whence Low Lat. fraellum (Du- 

Fraynen, v. to ask, Sa, S3, C2, PP ; 
feainen, PP ; fraHnenn, MD ; feelnede, 
//. s., S ; frelnde, S ; fraind, Sa ; freyned, 
PP-i C3. — Icel. fregna, AS. frignan. 

Pre, adj. free, free-born, generous, S, Sa, 
C, Ca, PP ; free, Ca,PP ; fey, HD ; freo, 
PP, Sa.— AS.frio. 

Freden, v. to feel, experience, MD, 
HD ; feedde,//. s., MD.— AS. (geYfre'dan, 
from AS.frSd, wise, sensible, experienced, 
aged ; cp. OHG. fruati, experienced (Ot- 

Fredom, sb. freedom, liberality, S, 
Sa, Ca, C3 ; fredome, Sa, B.— AS. frto- 

Freitonr, sb. refectory, hall for meals, 
S3, MD, PP; featonr, HD; fraytonr, 
S3 ; freitur, MD ; traitor, S3 ; fratery, 
HD ; froyter, HD (p. 379).— OF. refre- 
toir\ Late Lat. refectorium. 

Frek, adj. eager, greedy, bold, Sa ; 
fralc, JD; frike, MD; feyke, HD.— AS. 
free ; cp. Goth, friks, greedy (in faihu- 
friks)\ Icel. frekr. 

Freke, sb. a bold man, a warrior, a man, 
MD, Sa, P; freek, PP; frek, Sa, PP; 
freyke, S3 ; fraik, PP ; feayk, PP ; feeik, 
PP ; frake, HD ; freckys,//., S3 ; frekis, 
P. — AS. freca, a bold man, warrior. 

Frekel f sb. freckle; freklys, pi., S3; 
freckles, variolae, Manip. See Praken. 

Frele, adj. frail, Sa, P; freyle, MD; 
freel, PP.— OF. frele, fraile; Lat. fragi- 

Freletee, sb. frailty, Ca ; frelete, P. 

Frely, adj. noble, gracious, Sa, Ca, B ; 
feeolieh, S ; feeyliehe, Sa ; feeliche, adv. 
freely, PP, Sa.— AS. frSolic, adv. friolice. 
See Pre. 

Fre-man, sb. freeman, S. — AS. freo- 

Fremde, adj. and sb. strange, foreign, 
stranger, S, Ca, PP ; fremmde, S ; fre- 
mede, S ; fremmed, PP. — AS. fremede, 
fremde, strange. 

Fremen, v. to accomplish, S, HD; 
see Pramien. 

Frend, sb. friend, S, C ; fireonde, PP ; 
feeondes, //., PP ; freond, S, Sa ; ure- 
ondes, S ; frendes, C3, PP ; frenden, dot., 


Fr«nd«n, v. reflex, to gain friends; 
ureonden, S. 

Frendesse, sb. female friend, W2. 

Frendrede, sb. friendship, HD. — AS. 

Frendschipe, sb. friendship, S, C; 
feeontsdiipe, S. — AS friondscipe. 

Freoien, v. to free, MD ; vri, imp. s. t 
Sa ; freode, pt. s., MD; fried, pp., S.— 
AS. friogan (fr&on), pt. friode, pp. friod. 
See Pre. 

Freolsen, v. to free, to celebrate, MD ; 
frelsen, MD. — AS. friolsian, * diem festum 
celebrare ; ' cp. Icel. frjdlsa, to free. From 
AS. frtols, freedom, festival : Goth, fret- 
hals, ' collum liberum,' freedom. 

Frere, sb. brother, friar, MD, C, G, P ; 
frelr, S3 ; frer, B ; freres, pi., Ca, P.— 
OF. frere, fredre ; Lat. fratrem. 

Fresch, adj. fresh, new, MD, C ; ferscli, 
Sa ; fresche, Wa, PP ; feels, Sa ; feeta*, 
Sa. — AS. fersc. 

Freschly, adv. freshly, B. 

Fresen, v. to freeze, PP ; feeost, pr, s., 
S; feese,//. s., MD ; froren, pp., MD. — 
AS. friosan, pt. frias (pi. fruron), pp. 

Frest, sb. delay, MD, Sa, B; ferst, 
MD; first, MD ; forst, S; virst, S.— 
Icel. frest, AS. flerst, fyrst, first, an in- 

Fresten, v. to delay, to lend, MD, 

Freten, v. to devour, S, Sa, Ca, P; 
feeate, to fret, feel vexed, S3; feet,//, s., 
MD, Sa, PP ; feeten, pp., S, Sa ; frete, 
Sa, C3— AS. fretan,<kt (pi. fr&ton), 
pp.freten, a compound of etan, to eat; cp. 
Goth. fra-itan=fra + itan, to eat. 

Fretten, v. to adorn, furnish, MD, Sa ; 
fret, pp., MD, S3; fretted, P.— AS. 
fratwian, 'ornare;' cp. OS.fratahdn. 

Freuren, v. to comfort, S. — AS. fri- 
frian. See Profren. 

Fri-cUei, sb. Friday, the week-day 
sacred to Friga, the AS. name of a Teutonic 
goddess having attributes similar to those 
of the Roman Venus, S ; fridai, MD. — 

AS. Frige-dag. 

Frie, sb. the wife of Woden, MD.— AS. 

Friga ; see Grimm, Teut. M., p. 399. 

Frien, v. to fry, MD ; l-fei^et, //., Sa ; 

fryed, PP ; yf ryed, PP.— OF. frire ; Lat 


Frigt, sb. fright, MD ; ftrljt, MD.— AS. 

Frigten, v. to fear, also to alarm, 
MD ; fricnt, pp., S3.— AS. forhtian, pp. 

Fr igid , adj. timid, S.—Comb.: frigti 
lane, reverence, S. 

Frig tilled, sb. alarm, S. 

Frigtilike, adv. timidly, S. 

Fritt, sb. peace, security, deer-park, 
forest, wood, S, Sa, PP, HD ; fryth, S2, PP. 
— AS.friS ; cp. OKG. fridu (Otfrid). 

FriVien, v. to free, protect, spare, MD ; 
fri&ie, S ; frithed, //., enclosed, P. — 
AS. (jp)frWian, to protect 

Fro, prep, from, S, S2, Ca, PP; froo, 
PP ; fra> S, S2, S3. Comb. : frathlne, 
from thence, S3, B ; fraward, away from, 
forward, S2, MD ; frawart, S3. — AS. 
from, Icel. frd\ Cf. Fram. 

Frofre, sb. comfort, MD; frouer, S; 
froure, S, MD.— AS.frtfor. 

Frofren, z>. to comfort, S ; frouren, S ; 
frefrlen, MD; freure*. /r. j., S.— AS. 

Frogge, j£. frog, S, Voc. ; frock, HD ; 
frogmen, //., S; fro*ge», MD. — AS. 

Froit ; see Prnt. 

Frokke, .tf. frock, PP, MD; frogfe, 
PP ; frowriB, //., B.— OF. froc (Cotg.) ; 
cp. Low Lat. frocus, flocus, see Ducange. 
For interchange of fr andy? cf. Frounce. 

Frosche, sb. frog, Voc. ; froske, MD, 
H ; froskes, pi, MD ; froekia, H ; fros- 
ses, MD— AS./r**; cp. lct\. froskr. 

Froten, v. to rub, MD, H ; frotjnffe, 
fr.p., W ; frotyn*, grating, S2 ; yfroted, 
pp., S2.— OF. froter : It. frettare : Lat. 
frictum, from fricare ; see Constans. 

Frofe, j£. froth, foam, MD, Prompt ; 
forpe, S2.— Icel. frotfa, fraud ; cp. Dan. 
fraade, Sw. fradga. 

Frothen, v. to froth, C, MD. 

Frounce, sb. a fold, plait, ND; 
frounces, pl. 9 PP ; flounce, SkD— OF. 
fronce, wrinkle (Bartsch). For interchange 
of/r and j? cf. Frokke. 

Frovncan, v. to knit the brow, wrinkle, 
fold, MD, ND, HD; frounsen, HD; 
frounced, pp., S3; fronat, HD.— OF. 
froncer ; Late L&t. frontiare. 

Frount, sb. front, forehead, S2, MD, 
&—AF.frount,frunt; Latfrontem. 



Frnde, sb. frog, MD ; fruden, //., S.— 
Icel. frautir; cp. Dan. fro. 

Frnme, sb. beginning, MD ; frome, 
MD. — AS. fruma ; cp. Goth. /rums. 

Framentee, sb. furmety, wheat boiled 
in milk, MD, HD ; frumenty, MD, HD ; 
furmente, MD ; flrmentie, S3. — OF. 
frumcntee,fromentee; LateLatfrumentata ; 
from Lat. frumentum, corn (OF. froment, 
forment, wheat, corn). 

FramVe, sb. beginning, S; urumtte, 
MD. — AS. frymtia Qrumd). 

Frnstir, adj. frustrated, useless, JD, 
S3.— Cp. OF. frustrer; L&t. frustrart. 

Prat, sb. fruit, S, S2 ; fruit, S ; fruyt, 
C3 ; froit, MD; froyt, H (Ps. 125. 6) ; 
fryt, S2 ; fruti*,//., B ; froytU, B.— OF. 
/rut (fruit) ; Lat. fructum. 

Frnytesteres, sb. plf, women fruit- 
sellers, C3. 

Fngel, Fnhel ; see Foul. 

Fnl, adj. foul, S ; fule, adv., S. Comb. : 
ful-ltohen, S. See FouL 

Fnl, //. s., fell, S, PP. See Fallen. 

Fnl, adj. full, S. Comb. : ful iwin, full 
assuredly, S ; fol iwie, S ; ful out, com- 
pletely, Wa ; to ful, completely, S2. See 

Fnl, sb. a goblet full of drink, a toast 
at a heathen feast; uul, S. — AS. ful; 
cp. Icel. full; see Grimm, Teut M., 
p. 60. 

Ful-bringen, v. to complete, MD; 
fullbrohht,}*/., MD. 

Fulcning, sb. baptism, S ; foloninge, 
dot., S. See Fulhtnen. 

Fnl-don, v. to accomplish, S. 

Ful-endin, v. to bring to an end, S; 
fulendy, S. 

Fnl-forVien, v. to perform, S. 

Fnl-fremien, v. to perfect, MD; full- 
fremedd,//., S. 

Fal-fallen, v. to fulfil, perfect, to fill 
rail, MD ; folveUet, imp. pi, S ; fulfelip, 
pr. s., S; uuluelden, pt. pi, S ; folfult, 
pp., S2 ; fulflld, S2. 

Fal-hed, sb. fulness, S2 ; folhed, MD. 

Fulhtnen, v. to baptize, MD ; fullht- 
nenn, S. See Fulluht. 

Full, adj. full, MD ; ful, S ; fol, S2 ; 
vol, S2; fulle, dot., S, PP; adv., S; 
follest, superl, S2. 

Fulle, sb. fill, S ; f/lle, S2.— AS. fyllo : 
OHG.fulli. " 



Follen, v. to fill, complete, S ; ftlle, 
S ; falde,//. s„ S; felde, Sa ; vnlde, S2 ; 
fjld*n,//., S ; i-fallet, pp., S ; i^mlled, 
S; M-falled, S; Iftald, Sa ; nit. S; 
ftilde, pi., S.— AS. fyllan : OS. fullian : 
<Joth. fulljan. 
Folliche, adv. folly, S; folliche, S; 
volliche, S2. 

Folloht, sb. baptism, S; fallonht, 
MD ; fallon;t, MD ; fallout, MD.— AS. 
fulwiht (OET.). See Pull. 
Fnl-mard, sb. polecat, MD, Voc. ; 
falmaxde, Palsg. ; folmerde, Voc. ; ful- 
mar©, Manip. ; fnlmere, Voc, Prompt, 
(p. 407) ; folmarde, S2. — AS. fttl+mtard, 
marten. See Foul. 
Fulnesse, sb. fulness, MD ; uolnesse, 
Foist, sb. help, S.— AS. fylst (ful+ 
last) ; cp. OS. ful-listi. See Pull. 

Folsten, v. to help, S. — AS. fylstan : 
OS. /ul-Ustian. 
Fol-SOm, adj. plenteous, S. See Pull. 
Folsomhed, sb. abundance, S. 
Folsomnesse, sb. satiety, MD; fol- 
•omnesse, C2, 
FolSe, sb. fulness, MD. See Pull. 
Foltum, sb. help, MD ; faltame, dot., 
MD ; pi, S.— AS. fultum ( =/ul+t<fam). 
See Pull. 
Fnlwes ; see Folwen. 
Fol^eis, sb. pi, leaves, S3.— OF. /utile, 
foille; haX./oltum. 

Fame, sb. fume, smoke, MD ; confusion 
in the brain produced by drunkenness, C. — 
OF. fum; "Lat./umum. 

Fnmetere, sb. the herb fumitory, /umus 
terrae, earth-smoke, Alph., Voc, C ; fa- 
mytexe, Voc ; ftuneter, Prompt. — OF. 
fumeterre ; Late "LdA.fumus terrae (Alph.). 
Fomosite, sb. indigestibility, MD ; 
fomosltee, the quality of getting into the 
head (of wines), C2, C3; fomositle, 
smoakiness, Manip,. 
Fomoose, adj. angry, Palsg. (p. 774). 
Fnnden, v. to hasten, go, to strive, S, 
MD ; fonde, S, S3 ; foonde, S2 ; fonnde, 
S2, B. — AS. fundian, to hasten. See 
Fnnden,, found, S ; see Pinden. 
Fondle, adj. heavy, MD ; see Find!;. 


Fondles, sb. a finding, S; fundless, 

Fondling, sb. foundling, S. 
Fnndy, v. to become stiff with cold, 

Fondying, sb. benumbmentwith cold, B. 

Font, sb. font, S ; fonte, Voc Comb. : 
font-tot, font, S. See Pont. 

For. sb. fire, S, S2, PP ; fir, S ; fer, S ; 
feer, S2 ; fyr, PP, C2 ; foyr, PP ; fair, 
S2, PP ; tyre, MD ; fere, dat., S2 ; uere, 
S2.— AS. fyr: ORG.fiur (Otfrid). 

For, sb. furrow, S3 ; forffh, MD ; torch, 
MD ; forwe, PP ; forwea, pi, P. Comb. : 
fur-breid, furrow's breadth, S3 ; furlong-, 
furrow's length, C2, C3, PP ; fonrlonffe, 
P ; forlanjr, PP.— AS.furh. 

ForeOT, sb. fury, S3.— OF. furcur; 
Lat. /uroretn. 

Forial, adj. raging, C2. — Lat. /urialis. 

Forre, sb. fur, Prompt, Palsg. ; forris, 
pl my pp.— OF. /uerre, a sheath (Bartsch) ; 
cp. S^./Srro, lining: It. fidero, lining, a 
furred garment, a sheath, scabbard : Goth. 
fodr, sheath ; cp. Icel. /<%fr, lining, OHG. 
/uatar, see Kluge and Weigand (s.v,/#tf/*r). 

Fnrren, v. to line with fur, MD; 
forryn, Prompt.; furred,^., MD ; forred, 
S2, PP.— OY./orrer (Bartsch), also/ourrer 

Furst, sb. delay, S ; see Frost. 

F08, adj. eager, prompt, MD; forts, 
MD ; voub, MD.— Icel. fiiss : OHG, funs 

Fosen, v. to hurry, MD ; fosedo, //. s., 
MD.— AS. fysan: OS./Wsian. 

Fust, sb. fist, S2, PP; f/«te, Voc; 
fist, MD; fe«t, MD, C3; forte, dot., 
C3.— AS.fisf. OHG./tist (G./aust). 

Fo^ten; see Fighton. 

Fylyng, sb. defiling, S2. See Fouloiu 

Fyn, sb. end, S2, S3, C2, G ; see Fine. 

Fyr, sb. fire, PP, C2 ; tyre, MD. Comb. : 
fyre-flaucht, lightning, S3; f/r-m«, 
red as fire, C. See Fur. 

Fyrth, sb. a passage, inlet of the sea, 
S3 ; firth, JD.— Icel. fjortir. 

Tyry, adj. fiery, C ; fery, S3. See Fur. 

Fy;te, v. to fight, PP ; see Fiffhtem. 

Fv;te, sb. fight, PP ; flBte, S, S2 ; nihte, 
S; feht, MD; fe*t, S2 ; fteht, MD; 
fahte, S.— AS. fioht: OS. /ehta. 





Ga, v. to go ; see Gaa. 

Gabben, v. to lie, mock, scoff, jest, 
prate, S, C, PP, Prompt., Cath., JD.— 
Icel. gabba, to mock. 

Gabbynge, sb. lying, deceit,PP,Prompt, 

Gabbere, sb. liar, chatterer, CM, 
Prompt. (»). 

Gadeling, sb. comrade, fellow, vaga- 
bond ; gadelyng, PP, G, CM ; gadlyng, 
HD; gedelynge, PP, HD ; gedelyng, 
S2. — AS. gadeling-. OS. guduling, a kins- 
man ; cp. Goth, gadiliggs, a sister's son. 

Gaderare, sb. gatherer, S. 
( Gaderen, v. to gather, S, PP, C ; gad- 
ex?, S2 ; gadir, S2 ; gadlre, Wa ; ged- 
eren, S ; gedre, S2 ; gaddrett, /r. j., S ; 
gaderid,//. j., PP; gadred, S2 ; geder- 
ide, PP ; ;e-gadered, //., S ; y-gadered, 
S3; gedrid, S2. — AS. gaderian, gcedrian. 

Gadering, j£. gathering, S.— AS. gad- 

Gade, //. s. went, S.— AS. ge-iode (OET. 
p. 622). Cf. 3eode. 

G»r, sb. year, S ; see Jeer. 

Gs&rSTUne, treasures; see Gersum. 

GflBt, j£. //. goats, S ; see Goot. 

Gagates, sb. jet, S2.— Lat. gagates, jet ; 
Gr. Teryanys. See Xette. 

Gage, v. to measure the contents of a 
vessel, to gnage, S3, Sh. — AF. ganger (F. 
jauger) ; from OF. *gauge ; cp. Low Lat. 
jalagium, 'jus mensurse' (Ducange). 

Gaignage, sb. crop, fruit of tilled or 
planted ground, HD ; gajrnage, S3. — OF. 
gaignage, produce, revenue, Cotg. ; from 
OF. gaigner, to get, win. 

Garages, sb. pi. goings, S2. See Gaa. 

Gair, sb. a gore ; see Gore. 

Gairding, sb. garden, S3 ; see Gardin. 

Gait, sb. way, S3 ; see Gate. 

Gal, adj. lascivious, S; gole,pl., MD. — 
AS. gdl; cp. OHG. geil 

Galamelle, sb. a sweet and nourishing 
drink, S2. 

Gale, sb. sore, S3 ; see Galle. 

Gale-gale, sb. a sing-song fellow, S. 

Galen, v. to sing, cry out, to caw (as 
crows or rooks), Prompt., S3, CM. — AS. 
galan. Cf. E. nightingale 

Galeye, sb. galley, ship, Prompt.; 
galeie, S ; galey, Voc. ; galay, S2 ; gay- 
layea,//., S2. — AF. galeye, galie ; cp. Low 
Lat. galea. 

Galianes. sb. pi. drinks named after 
Galen (called Galien in ME.), C3. 

Galiard, adj. gay, sprightly, HD ; gal- 
jart, S3; galyarde, HD.— OF. gaillard, 
vigorous (Roland). 

Galingale, sb. a plant from the root of 
which a spice was prepared, Cath. (s. v. 
gafynga), ND, HD; galyngale, Alph., C3, 
Prompt. ; galangale, ND. — OF. galingal, 
the root of the rush called cypress (cp. Low 
Lat. gallingar), from galangue; cp. Low 
Lat. galanga (Alph.). 

Galiote,^. large galley, Sa.— It galetita, 
a good handsome big galley (Florio). See 

Galle, sb. the gall, bitterness, anger, S, 
Prompt, Voc., C2, C3, PP ; bitter drink, 
S2.— AS. gealla (Voc.). 

Galle, sb. sore in man or beast* Prompt. ; 
gale, S3.— OF. galle, scab, itch; cp. Low 
Lat. galla (Ducange). 

Galnesse, sb. lasciviousness, MD ; gol- 
nesse, S ; galnea, S. See GaL 

Galoche, sb. a kind of patten, C2, 
Prompt; galoehes, //., PP; galage, 
' sandalium,' Manip. ; gallage, Manip. (n). 
— AF. galoche ; Low Lat calopodia, clogs ; 
Gr. Ka\ov65iov, dimin. of ica\6vovs, i.e. 
wood-foot, a last. 

Galoun, sb. gallon, W, C3, P; galun, 
S. — AF. galoun. 

Galpen, v. to yawn, PP, Voc, C2.— OS, 
galpdn, i clamare.' 

Galwe, Across, gibbet ;galowe,Prompt; 
galwea, pi., gallows, Voc, C2; galnes, 
S. — AS. gealga, also galga (Voc). 

Galwe-tre, sb. gallows-tree, S, Prompt 
— AS. gealg-triow. 

Gal^art, adj. gay ; see Galiard. 

Game-gobelyn, sb. a demon who plays 
with men, Voc. 

Gamen, sb. play, sport, CM, S, Si, G, 
PP, H ; gammyn, S2 ; gomen, S ; fame, 
S, G, Prompt, Voc., C2, C3; gome, S.— 
AS. gamen. 

Gamen, v. to be pleasant ; Um gam- 
{ ede,/?. s*, it was pleasant to him, C. 

9 8 


Gan, w.togo,S; gon, S, S2, C2 ; goon, 
C2 ; go, S ; ga, S2 ; gonde, /r. /., S ; ga, 
imp.s.,S; gals, S2; go$,//., S, S2, Ca; 
gooth, C2 ; geat, 2 /r. j., S, S2 ; gaas, 
S2 ; gooat, C2 ; g&p,pr. s., S ; ge$, S, S2 ; 
go3, S, C2; gu, §2; go*,//., S; gon, 
S2 ; goon, C2 ; gan, //., S3 ; goon, C2 ; 
*oo, S3 ; ygon, C2, C3 ; igon, G ; igoon, 
G ; ygo, S2 ; igo, G.— AS. gdn. 

Gan, /A s, began, did ; see Glnnen. 

Gane, v. to fit, avail, JD ; ganyde, pt. 
pi., S3 ; ganand, pr. p. as adj., suitable, 
becoming, S3 ; see Gojnen. 

Gang, sb. going, S2. 

Gangen, v. to go, S, PP; gang, S3; 
gangande, pr. p., PP; gangand, S2; 
gonge, 2 pr. s. subj., S. — AS. gangan. 

Ganien, v. to yawn, gape, SkD ; gane, 
Manip., Palsg., S3, C3 ; gone, S2 ; £anin, 
Prompt. — AS. gdnian (Voc). 

Gar, v. to cause, make, S3 ; gaze, H ; 
gart, pt. s. } S2, PP ; see Oer. 

Gardin, sb. garden, SkD, C2 ; gardyn, 
PP ; gardyne, PP ; gardayne, Manip. ; 
gairding, S3. — AF. gardin (F.jardin). 

Garget, sb. throat, CM ; see Gorget. 

Garite, sb. a watch-tower, look-out on 
the roof of a house or castle-wall, S3 ; gar- 
ytte, a high * solere,' Prompt. ; garett, HD ; 
garret, Cotg. (s. v. tourelle); garettea, 
//., Prompt, (n) ; garrottes, projecta, Ma- 
nip. — OF. garite ; cp. Span, garita. 

Garlek, sb. garlick, PP; garleke, 
Alph. ; garleek, C ; garlekke, Prompt. ; 
garlike, P; garlik, PP.— AS.gdrUac(Voc). 

Garnet, sb. a kind of precious stone ; 
garnettea, //., SkD ; granat, Cotg. (s.v. 
grenat); granate-stone (Florio). Cp. It. 
grandta, pomegranate, garnet. See Grain. 

Garnet-appille, sb. pomegranate, HD. 
See Apple-garnade. 

Garth, sb. an enclosure, HD, S3, H; 
orchard, Manip.; garthe, sepes, Cath. ; 
garthia, //., H.— Icel. garttr. See 3«rd. 

Gas, pr. s. goes ; see Gan. 

Gast, sb. spirit, S, S2 ; see Goat. 

Gastlike, adj. spiritual, S ; see Goat- 

Gat, sb. goat, S; gayte, S3;//., H; 
gate, S, S3 ; see Goot. 

Gate, sb. way, path, street, PP, CM, 
S2, Prompt, HD, S3, H ; gat, S2; gait, 
S3. — IceL gata ; Goth, gatwo, street 

Gate, sb. gate, PP, Prompt. ; jate, S2, 
G, H, Prompt; yate, Ca, CM, S3, Prompt; 


gat, S; *at, PP; yat, G; yatt, H; 3ett, 
S3; glate, dot., S; jeate, S.— AS. geat, 
Icel. gat. 

Gate-ward, sb. gate-keeper, S, PP; 
steward, PP ; gatwarde, PP. 

Gatte, pt. s. granted, S ; see 3eten. 

Gat-tothed, adj. lascivious, C, CM. 

Gande, sb. weld, Reseda luteola, dyer's 
greenweed, producing a green dye (distinct 
from woad, Florio being here wrong). 
Comb. : gande grene, a light green colour, 
C, HD ; gawdy grene, ' subviridis,' 
Prompt. — OF. gaude (Cotg.) : Sp. gualda, 
a herb to dye yellow with (Minsheu) ; cp. 
It. gualdo, woad to dye blue with (Florio), 
Low Lat. gualda, gualdum, 'glastum' 

Gande, sb. a toy, piece of finery, also a 
jest, trick, CM; gawde, a jape, nuga, 
Prompt. ; gand, HD, ND ; ornament, 
CM ; trick, C3. — Late Lat gaudium, a 
large bead ; Lat gaudium, joy. 

Gande, v. to sport, jest, keep festival, 
ND ; to scoff, Manip. 

Gandionse, adj. festal, sohnnis, Manip. 

Gandying, sb. toying, S3; ganding, 
scoffing, Manip. 

Ganren, v. to gaze, CM, Ca, C3; 
gawren, CM. 

Ganrish, adj. garish, S3. 

Gayn, adj. convenient, Sa ; gaynlicne, 
adv. readily, S2 ; see Geyn. 

Gaynage, sb. crop, S3 ; see Gaignage. 

Gaynen, v. to avail, CM, S2 ; see 

Gayn-ras, sb. return (= Lat occursus), 
H ; gaynraae, dot. meeting, H ; see ^eyn. 

Gayn-stand, v. to withstand, S3. 

Gaytre-beryis, sb. pi. berries of the 
gayter-tree, C (C. 145), CM, MD.— Cp. 
Scot, gait-berry , bramble-berry, JD; gaiter- 
tree, the bramble, JD. 

Ge-, prefix ; see 5«. 

Ge, ye, S ; see 5«- 

Geannt, sb. giant, S, C2 ; giannt, Wa ; 
gyannt, PP ; leannt, PP ; geanntes, //., 
PP; leanntei, Sa.— AF. geanl\ Lat. 

Gede, //. s. went, S.— AS. ge-iode* CI 

Gedelynge, sb. vagabond, PP; see 

Gederen, Gedre; see Gaderen. 

Gees, geese; see Goa. 


Geet, sb. jet, C ; geete, Prompt ; see 

Geet, sb. pi. goats, Wa ; geete, W2 ; 
see Goot. 

Geet-budlSy sb. pi. he-goats, W2. 

Geinen, v. to avail, profit, S, Sa ; see 

Geld, pt. s. paid, requited, S; see 

Gelden, v. to geld, castrare, Prompt., 
Manip. ; geldid, pp., W (Mt. 19. 12).— 
Icel. gelda. 

Gelding, sb. eunuch, W (Acts 8. 34) ; 

elding, W (Acts 8. 27) ; geldingls, pi., 




Gelty, adj. guilty ; see Gnlty. 

Qemme, sb. gem; gemswi, //., PP, 
Ga ; jemls, S3. — OF. gemme ; Lat. gemma, 
gem, bud. See pinnae*. 

Gemmyt, adj. covered with buds, S3. 

Gendre, sb. gender, kind, PP ; gendzes, 
pi., Sa. — OF. genre ; Lat. genere, abl. of 

Gendre, v. to beget ; genftritli, pr. s., 
Wa; gmndrid,pp., Wa. 

Gendrer, sb. progenitor, PP. 

Gendrnre, sb. engendering, Wa. 

Gendrynge, sb. begetting, PP. 

Genette, sb. a small Spanish horse, a 
jennet, SkD ; iennet, S3, Sh.— OF. genette 
(Cotg.); Sp. ginete, a light horseman 
(Minsheu): from Zenata % the name of a 
tribe in Barbary, see Dozy. 

Genge, sb. a going, expedition, army, 
S ; //. nations, Sa, H. 

Gent, adj. noble, nobly-bom, PP, Ca ; 
spruce, gay, SkD (p. 813), S3 ; gente, S. — 
OF. gent\ Lat. genitum, born, well-born. 

Gentil, adj. worthy, excellent, gentle, 
compassionate, Ca ; noble, PP ; gentlls, 
sb. pi., people well born, Ca, C3. — AF. 
gentil, noble, beautiful ; Lat. gentiltm. 

Gentillesse, sb. nobleness, graceful- 
ness, Ca, C3. — OF. gentillesse. 

Gentrise, sb. noble nature, PP ; gent- 
rioe, PP.— AF. genterise. 

Gentrye, sb. gentleness, PP. 

Geponn, sb. a short cassock, CM ; see 

Ger,//. years, S ; see 3aer. 

Ger, v. to cause, make, S2, JD ; gere, 
to make, H; gaz, JD, S3; gaze, H; 
gertn, to prepare, S; gaze, imp., Hi 

gezs, pr. s., H ; 2 pr. s., H ; gezte, pt. s., 
PP; gezt, S2, PP, S3, H; gazte, PP,; 
gazt, S2, PP ; gazde, pi., S3 ; gezt, pp., 
PP, H.— Icel. g'dra (for gbrva). See 3aze. 

Geraflour ; see Gezzaflouz. 

Gere, sb. gear, apparel, property, material, 
business, CM, PP, C, C2, C3, Sa ; geaze, 
S3 ; gwt, C, S3 ; geezea, pi., habits, man- 
ners, C. — Cp. OS. garuwi, gear. 

Ger-faWCOn, sb. a kind of falcon, HD ; 
gezfaucun, Prompt. ; gezfaweune, Voc. ; 
gezfawkyn, Voc., Prompt. ; gezfaukim, 
Wa ; gezfawoun, Wa. — Lat. gyrofalco- 

Ger-fol, adj. changeable, C, CM. See 

Gerken, v. to prepare, S ; see -Jazken. 

Gerland, sb. garland, C3, C; gw^ 
lande, PP; gazlaiinde, PP.— AF. ger- 

Gerles, sb. pi. children ; see Ouzles. 

Gern, adv. eagerly, Sa ; see 3eozne. 

Gerner, sb. garner, C, PP. — AF. gerner, 
OF. gernier, grenier; Late Lat grana- 

Gerraflour, sb. gilly-flower, S3 ; geza- 
flour, HD ; gylofre, MD, S2 (s.v. clowe) ; 
gyllofre, gariophilus, galiofolus, Prompt. ; 
gillofez, ND, Palsg. ; gyllofyr, clove, 
Prompt.; gillyvor, Sh ; ielofer, S3; 
gelofez, ND, MD.— Cp. OF. girojle, the 
clove (Bartsch); Low Lat. gariophilus r 
(Alph.), also caryophyllum\ Gr. Kapv6<pv\- 
Kov, lit. nut-leaf. 

Gerss-pilis, sb. pi. blades of grass, S3. 

Gersum, sb. treasure ; gersom, HD ; 
gmtmamm,pl., S ; gazisome, S ; gezeoma, 
HD. — AS. garsum ; cp. Icel. ger semi, a 
costly thing, jewel. 

Gert, pp. made, Sa ; see Oez. 

Gert,//. girt, Sa ; see Girdea. 

Gerte, pt. s. struck, G ; see Girden. 

Gerth. sb. girth, SkD ; geztUe, //., 
PP.— Icel. gertt. 

Gery, adj. changeful, PP, C. See 

Gessen, v. to suppose, imagine, CM, 
Sa, Ca, C3, W, Wa ; gesslet, a pr. s., Sa ; 
gemdden, pt. pi., Sa. — Cp. Du. gissen. 

Gesserant, sb. a coat of mail, S3 ; 
geraezon, S3 ; see Xetraezannt. 

Gessynge, sb. guessing (i. e. doubt), Sa. 

Gest, 2 pr. s. goest, S, Sa ; get$, pr. s., 
S, Sa ; see Gan. 


ioo GEST. 

Ctost, sb. guest, Prompt., Sa, Ca ; geste, 
PP ; gertea,//., S, PP, Sa, C2 ; geste, S ; 
glstes, PP ; gnstes, PP.— AS. gast : Goth. 
gasts ; cp. Lat. hostis. 

Qeste, sb. story, romance, PP, Ca ; 
gest, S3, Manip. ; jest, ran, Sh ; gestes, 
//., PP, C2, C3; ieestes, PP ; gestis, 
deeds, Wa, H. — AF. geste, an exploit, 
history of exploits, romance; Lat. (res) 
gesta, a thing, performed. 

Qeste, v. to tell romances, Prompt., 
MD ; jest, to act in sport, Sh. 

Gesten,//. lodged (?), Sa. 

Oesting, sb. lodgings, Sa. 

Ctostinge, sb. jesting, S3 ; gestynge, 
romancing, Prompt. See Geste. 

Gestnen, v. to feast, entertain; gest- 
ened,/;. s., HD; igistned,//., Sa. 

Gestninge, sb. feast, banquet, S ; gest- 
ening, S2 ; gistninge, S ; gystninge, S. 

Qestoor, sb. a reciter of tales, Ca ; 
gestowre, Prompt. ; gesttours, pl. y CM. 
See Goste. 

Qet, sb. fashion, behaviour, CM, C, C3, 
Prompt. ; see Zette. 

Geten, v. to gain, get, beget, PP ; get, 
pr. j., Sa, PP; gat, pt. *., S, PP ; geten, 
pi, PP ; geten, pp., PP, G ; gete, PP.— 
AS. gitan, pt. geat (pi. giaton), pp. giten. 

GeS, /r. s. goes ; see Ga. 

Gett, sb. jet, Prompt. ; see Zette. 

Gett, pp. granted, Sa ; see 3eten. 

Gene-l£ke, adj. equal. Phr. : o gene- 
like, on equal terms, S. — AS. ge-efenlic. 
See Enen. 

Geyn, adj. near, convenient, ready, 
direct, S3 ; geyne, Prompt. ; gayn, Sa ; 
gain, HD ; gane, JD ; geynest, super/., 
fairest, Sa. — Icel. gegn. 

Ge^neU, v. to meet, suit, avail; ge^- 
nenn, S ; geinen, to avail, profit, S, Sa ; 
gayne, CM ; 5ene, to reply, S ; gane, to 
fit, JD ; gayned, pt. s., Sa ; ganyde, pi., 
S3 ; ganand. pr. p., becoming, suitable, S3. 
— Icel. gegna, to go against, to answer, to 
suit. See 3eyn. 

Giarkien, v. to prepare, S; see Bar- 

Giaunt, sb. giant, Wa ; see Geannt. 

Giet, conj. yet, S ; see ?et. 

Gif, Gief, if, Sa ; see JUL 

Gigelot, sb. a strumpet, MD, H ; gyge- 
lot, wench, agagula, Prompt. ; giglot, ND, 
Sh ; gigglet, ND. 

Giggyng, sb. clattering, C. 


GigOUT, sb. musician, S. — OF. giguior 
(Low Lat. gigatorem), from OF. gigue 
(Low Lat. giga), a musical instrument ; cp. 
G. geige, violin. 

Gildir, v. to deceive; gildlxs, pr. s. t 
H; gildird, pp., H. — Icel. gildra, to 

Gildire, sb. deceit, snare, H ; gildlrs, 
//., H. — Icel. gildra, a trap. 

Gile, sb. guile, deceit fraud, PP, C— 
AF. gile, OF. guile : AS. wile (Chron. ann. 

Gilen, v. to beguile, PP; gylen, Sa; 

Gilerv, sb. deceit, H; gilry»,//., H.— 
OF. gillerie. 

Gill, sb. a familiar term for a woman, S3, 
ND, Sh ; jill, Sh.— Short for Gillian, a 
woman's name, Sh, ND ; Lat. Juliana. 

Gill-bnrnt-tayle, sb. the ignis-fatuus, 
ND (s.v. gyl). 

Gille, sb. a gill (measure), PP; gylle, PP, 
Prompt; iille, P.— OF. gelle. 

Gill-flnrt, sb. a flirt, ND. 

Gillofer, Gillyvor ; see Gerraflour. 

Gilour, sb. deceiver, PP ; gyloure, H. 
— AF. gilour. 

Gilt, sb. guilt, S, PP ; see Gnlt. 

Giltlese, adj. guiltless, S ; giltel«», C ; 
giltlees, C3. 

Gin, sb. engine, contrivance, artifice, Ca, 
C3, S3; gyn, PP, Sa; glnne, S, Sa; 
gynne, PP. — OF. engin, engien, craft, de- 
ceit, contrivance. 

Ginful, adj. guileful, deceitful, PP. 

Gingebreed, sb. gingerbread, Ca; 
gyngebred, gingium, Voc. Cp. Low Lat 
gingibretum (Ducange), also OF. gigint- 
brail, a preparation of ginger, gingenbret, 
ginger (Bartsch). 

Gingiuere, sb. ginger, SkD, Cath. (n) ; 
ginginer, HD; gyngyre, zinzibrum,V oc; 
ginger, zinziber, sinzebrnm, Cath. ; gyn- 
gere, Prompt.— OF. gingenbre, gengibre ; 
Lat. zingibrum, ace. of zingiber; Gr. 

Ginnen, v. to begin, S ; gynne, S, PP, 
S3 ; gan, pt. s., began, S, Sa ; gon, PP ; 
gonne, pi,, Sa ; gan, pt. s. (used as an 
auxiliary), did, S, Sa, S3 ; gon, S, PP, Sa ; 
gun, Sa ; gonnen,//., S ; gonne, S, PP ; 
gonne, S, PP, Sa, Ca, G.— AS. -ginnan, 
pt. -gan (pi. -gunnon). pp. -gunnen. 

Gipe, sb. cassock, CM ; jub, Florio. — 
OF. juppe (Cotg.), It giuppa, giubba 


(Florio\ Sp. al-juba (Minsheu^ ; Arab. 
al-jubbah, a woollen undergarment ; cp. 
MHG. schube, G. schaube (Weigand). 

Giponn, sb. a short cassock, CM ; 
ffyponn, C; geponn, C; jnpon, HD ; 
jonpone, HD. — OF. gippon, jupon 
(Cotg.), It. giubbone, a doublet (Florio.). 
See above. 

Gipser, sb. pouch, purse, C ; gypeer, 
Prompt.; gypsere, Prompt.; gypeyere, 
Prompt — OF. gibbeciere (Cotg.), from 
gibier, game. 

Girdel, sb. girdle, C, Ca ; gnrdel, S.— 
AS. gyrdel. 

Girden, v. to gird, cingere, MD ; gar- 
den, MD ; gixde, 2 pt. s., S2 ; gyrte, 
//. s. t S ; i-gTird, pp., S, S2 ; gird, C, Wa ; 
gert, S2. — AS. gyrdan. 

Girden, v. to strike, CM, HD, Ca, G; 
gnxdep,, Sa ; girt, pt. s., cast, PP ; 
gerte, G; gorde,, rushed, Sa ; girt, 
pp., SkD (s. v. gride), C. See Jerd. 

Gisel, sb. hostage, MD ; gyalee,//., S ; 
Slales, MD ; ;islen, dat., MD.— AS. gisel; 
cp. Icel. gisl. 

Gist, sb. guest ; see Gest. 

Giste, j£. a beam, balk, joist, MD ; 
gyyste, Prompt.; gyit, Palsg. ; glstes, 
//., MD ; joyttes, SkD.— OF. giste, joist, 
something to lie on. See Joist. 

Gistninge, sb. banquet, S ; see Gest- 

Giterne, sb. guitar, C3, PP, MD, CM ; 
gyterne, PP, Prompt.; geterne, MD ; 
getyrne, Voc. — OF. guiterne; cp. It. 
chitarra ; Lat. cithara. See Cltole. 

Giuenesse, sb. forgiveness, S.— AS. 
gifnes, grace. 

Glad, pt. s. glided, MD; glade, Sa; 
glaid, S3 ; see Oliden. 

Glad, adj. glad, S, Sa ; glad, S ; glald, 
S3 ; gladnr, comp.y S ; gladdore, Sa. — 
AS. glad. 

Gladien, v. to make glad, make merry, 
S; gladen, S, Ca ; glade, S3 ; glald, S3; 
gleadien, S ; gladien, S, Sa ; gladed, //. 
s., Sa. — AS. gladian. 

Gladliche, adv. gladly, PP ; gledllohe, 

Gladnesse, sb. gladness, MD; gled- 
nesse, S. 

Gladschipe, sb. gladness, MD ; gled- 

scnlpe, S; gledsclpe, S; gleadsenlpes, 
//., S. 

Gladsom, adj. pleasant, Ca. 

GLEU. 101 

Gladynge, sb. gladness, MD; glead- 
nnge, S. 

Glam, sb. word, message, Sa ; loud 
talk, noise, MD. — Icel. glam, a tinkling 

Glaren, v. to shine brightly, S, SkD. 

Glas, sb. glass, S, Ca.— AS. glas. 

Glasen, adj. made of glass, PP. 

Glasen, v. to furnish with glass, PP. 

Glatf, adj. glad, MD; glaSe, S.— Icel. 

Glaue, sb. sword, S3 ; see Oleyne. 

Glayre, sb. the white of an egg, Cath. ; 
see Oleyre. 

Gle, sb. joy, glee, music, singing, S, Sa, 
PP; glee, Ca;glie, S; glen, Ca (»), 
MD ; glew, MD, S3 ; gin, Prompt. ; gleo, 
S ; glewU, pi., freaks, S3. — AS. glio, stem 
gliwch, see Sievers, 350. 

Gleaw, adj. wise, S; glen, S.— AS. 

Gled, adj. glad ; see Glad. 

Glede, sb. a kite, milvus, H (Ps. 6a. 8), 
ND, WW, Voc.— AS. glida (Voc). 

Glede, sb. glowing coal, S, PP, S3, Ca ; 
gleede, C ; gleden, pi, S ; gledess, S.— 
AS.gUdi OS. glSd (stem gUdi); cp. OHG. 
gluot (dat. gluoti). See Glowen. 

Gledian, v. to make merry, S, Sa ; see 

Gledliche, adv. gladly, S. 

GledneSSe, sb. gladness, S. 

Gledschipe, sb. gladness, S. 

Gle-man, sb. ; see Gleo-man. 

Glenten, v. to glance, to move swiftly, 
MD ; glente, //. s., MD ; glent, S3, HD ; 
shone,SkD (p. 808).— Swed.glinta,to glance 
aside (Rietz). 

Gleo, sb. music, S ; see Gle. 

Gleo-beames, sb. pi. harps, S. 

Gleo-dreames, joys of music, S. 

Gleo-man, sb. minstrel, PP ; glewman, 
PP ; gleman, PP. 

Gleowien, v. to make music, to make 
merry, MD. 

Gleowinge, sb. music, S. 

Glette, sb. phlegm, slimy matter in the 
throat, viscositas, filth, Cath. (»), Sa ; 
glett, Cath.; glet, H, Cath. («).— OF. 
glette, ' flegm, filth, which a hawk throws 
out at her beak after her casting,* Cotg. ; 
cp. North. E. glit, tough phlegm, JD. 

Glen, adj. wise, S ; see Gleaw. 



Glew, sb. joy, glee, S3 ; see Gle. 

Olew, sb. glue, MD ; see Glu. 

Gleyme, sb. slime, limus, gluten, 
Prompt.; gleym, subtlety, S3; glome, 
viscus, Prompt. («). 

GleyiUOWS, adj. slimy, viscosus^rompt.; 
glaymons, HD. 

Gleyre, sb. the white of an egg, C3, 
Prompt., Cath. (n) ; glayre, Cath. ; glaxye, 
Manip.— OF. glaire, the white of an egg 
(Cotg.) ; Low \jtf..glara (Voc.) ; Late Lat. 
clara ovi (Ducange) ; cp. Sp. clara de huevo, 
also It. chidra (Florio). 

Gleyne, sb. sword, CM ; glayue, SkD ; 
glave, S3, ND; gleiue, SkD; gleave, 
Cotg., ND. — OF. glaive ; Lat. gladium 
(ace.) — for the v in glaive, see Brachet (s.v. 

Gliden, v. to glide, S ; glyde, C2, C3 ; 
glydande, pr. p., walking, S2 ; gUt,pr. s., 
MD; glaA,pt.s., MD; glade, S2; glald, 
S3; glod, MD, S2; glood, C2; glode, 
MD ; gliden,//., MD ; gliden,^., MD.— 
AS. glldan, pt. gldd (glidon), pp. gliden. 

Glie, sb. music, S ; see Ole. 

Gliffen, v. to glance, spectare\ gllffe, 
to look back, Manip. ; glilT, to be scared, 
JD; glyfte,//. j.,MD. 

GlifEni, v. to glance; gllttayt,pt. s. f S2. 

Glod,//. s. glided, S2, MD ; glode, MD ; 
glood, C2 ; see Gliden. 

Glommen, v. to look glum, to frown, 
MD; glomben, MD; glowmbe, CM; 
glum, S3 ; gloom., ND ; gloume, Manip.; 
glommede, //. s. 9 HD. — Swed. glomma, 
to stare (Rietz). 

Glopen, v. to look askance, MD ; glop, 
to stare, HD ; gloppen, to be startled, 
HD. Cp. Du. gluipen, to peep, sneak. 

Glopnen, v. to look downcast, MD; 
glopnid,//., frightened, S2. — led. gliipna. 

Glorie, sb. glory, PP ; glore, S3.— AF. 
glorie; Lat. gloria. 

Glose, sb. a gloss, comment, explanation, 
PP, Prompt., C2 ; glosis, pi., S3.— OF. 
glose ; Lat. glossa, a gloss ; Gr. y\6><T<ra. 

Glosen, v. to explain, flatter, deceive, 
PP, Prompt., S3, C2, C3 ; glosed, pt. s., 
spoke smoothly, S2 ; y-gloae&,pp., C3. — 
OF. gloser, to gloss, expound ; Late Lat. 
glosare. See above. 

Glosynge, sb. an expounding, Prompt. ; 
flattering, Prompt. ; gloslng, flattery, W. 

Glotonie, sb. gluttony, S2, Prompt.; 
glotonyea,//., C3.— OF. glotonie. 


Glotori, sb. gluttony, H; glntiry, H ; 
glutrie, MD. 

Glototin, sb. glutton, S, PP, W2; 
gluton, S.— AF. glutun ; Lat glutomm. 

Glotun.6, v. ; see Olommen. 

Glowen, v. to glow, PP, Prompt., C; 
glouand,/r./., S2 ; glowenude, S.— Cp. 
OHG. gluojan. 

Glu, sb. glue, Prompt; glew, MD. — 
OF. glu; Lat. gluten. 

Gluen, v. to glue, MD ; y-glewed, pp., 


Glum, v. to look gloomy, S3; see 

Glutenerie, sb. gluttony, S.— AF. glu- 

Gluton, sb. glutton, S ; see Glotoun. 

Glutrie, sb. gluttony, MD ; see Glotori. 

Guar, v. to snarl, S3; gnarre, ND. 
Cp. gnarl, to snarl, Sh. 

Gnasten, v. to gnash the teeth, Prompt., 
Palsg., W2, H ; gnayste, H ; gnashe, 
Manip. ; gnastiden, pt. pi., W, W2 ; 
gnaistid, H. — Cp. Icel. gnastan, a gnash- 

Gnawen, v. to gnaw, PP; gnaghe, 
H ; gne^ett, pr. pi., S ; gnow, pt. s., C2 ; 
gnew, SkD ; gnawiden, pt. pi., W2 ; 
knawen, pp., S3.— AS. gnagan, pt gndh 
(pi. gndgon), pp. gnagen. 

Gulden, v. to rub, SD, S2; gnyde, 
S; gulden, pt. pi., MD. — AS. gnldan 

Gobelin, sb. goblin, demon ; gobelyn, 
W2, MD; goblin, Sh.— OF. gobelin-, cp. 
Low Lat. gobelinum (ace). 

Gobet, sb. a small piece, Prompt., C, W ; 
gobbet, Manip. ; gobetis, //., S2, W. — 
Norm.F. gobet, see Diez, p. 599; cp. OF. 
gobeau, a bit, gobbet (Cotg.). 

God, adj. good, S, S2. Phr. : to goder 
hole, to the good health of, S2, MD ; 
goderhele, MD ; godder-nele, HD. See 

God, sb. God, S; godd, S; gode, dot., 
S; godes, gen., S; pi., S; goden, S. — 
AS. God. 

God-child, sb. godchild, S. 

Godcund, adj. divine, godly, MD. 

Godcundhede, sb. piety, MD. 

Godcundnesse, sb. divinity, S ; god- 
ounnesse, S. 

Goddcundle^C, sb. divinity, S. 

Goddot, God knows, S ; goddotn, S. — 
AS. Godwdt. 


Godhede, sb. deity, C. 

Godien, v. to endow; goded,/*. s., S ; 
i-goded,//., benefited, S. — AS. g6dian. 

Godlec, sb. goodness, S, MD.— Cp. Icel. 

GocQes, adj. without good, needy, Sa, 
MD; godelease, S.— AS. gddlias. 

Godly, adv. kindly, Sa ; goddell, Sa ; 
godely, S3. — AS. gddlice. 

Godnesse, sb. goodness, S ; godnisse, 
S, Sa ; godenesse, Sa. 

God-spel, sb. gospel, S ; god-spell, S3 ; 
gospel, MD.— AS. godspel. 

GodspelbOC, sb. gospel-book, S. 

Gogelen, v. to goggle, MD. 

Gogil-i^ed,^. squint-eyed, W; gogyl- 
•yld, Prompt.; goggle-eyed, louche 

Gold, sb. gold, S; gol, S; guide, dot., 
S. — AS. gold; cp. IceL gull. 

Gold-beten, pp. adorned with beaten 
gold, S3. 

Golde, sb. marigold, souci, Palsg. ; 
goolde, solstquium, Prompt. ; guides, //., 
C— Cp. OF. goudt (Cotg.) 

Gold-spynk, sb. goldfinch, S3. 

Gole, sb. throat, SD, HD ; golle, HD.— 
OF. gole,goule,guk; L&tgula. 

Golet, sb. gullet, C3, Prompt., HD. — 
OF. goulet. 

Goliardeys, sb. buffoon, MD, PP; 
golyardeys, C. — OF. goliardeis (goliar- 
dois) ; Low Lat goliardensis. 

Golnesse, sb. lasciviousness, S ; see 0al- 



Gome, sb. a man, PP, S, Sa ; gomes, gen., 
Sa ; guinea, //., S. — AS. guma (stem 
guman-) ; cp. Lat. homo (stem homin-). 

Gome, sb. care, PP; gom, MD. — OS. 
g6ma t care ; cp. OHG. gouma, provision, 
supper (Tatian). 

Gomen, sb. play, S; gome, S; see 

Gonime, sb. gum, CM ; gumme, Cath. ; 
gonunes,//., P. — OF. gomme; Lat gum- 
mi; Gr. Kd^ifxi. 

Gon, v. to go, S, Sa, Ca ; gonde,/r./., 
S; goon, pp., Ca ; see Gan. 

Gone, v. to gape, Sa ; see Ganlen. 

Gonge, *pr. s. subj. go, S ; see Oangen. 

Gonne, sb. gun, PP, CM; gunne, 
Cath., Prompt. ; gon, S3.— Cp. Low Lat. 

Good, adj. good, MD; god, S, Sa; 

godd, Sa ; gond, MD ; guod, MD ; gud, 
MD.— AS. g6d. 

Good, sb. good, MD; goad, Sa; gud, 
S3 ; god, S, Sa ; godes,//., S, Sa ; guodes, 
Sa.— AS.gfd. 

Goodman, sb. master of the house, 

Goot, sb. goat, Prompt., C3 ; gayte, S3 ; 
gat, S ; gat, //., S; gate, S, S3 ; geet, 
Wa ; geete, Wa ; gaite, H ; gaytes, H ; 
gayte, H.— AS. #fr. 

Gorde, pt. pi. rushed, Sa ; see Girden. 

Gore, sb. a triangular piece of cloth in- 
serted, HD ; gremiale, apron, Manip. ; 
goore, Prompt. ; galr, JD. Phr. : under 
gore, under clothing, Sa, HD. — Cp. AS. 
gdra, an angular point of land. 

Gore, sb. mire, Prompt, HD; filth, Sa.— 
AS. gor (Voc.). 

Gorge, sb. throat, Manip., PP.— OF. 
gorge ; Lat. gurgitem (ace.) ; see Ducange. 

Gorget, sb. throat, piece of armour to 
protect the throat, SkD ; ' torques,* Manip. ; 
garget, C ; gargate, HD. — OF. gorgette, 
throat, also gargaite, (Roland, 1654). 

Gorst, sb. gorse, furze, Voc., MD; 
gorstes,//., Sa ; gorstys tre, Prompt — 
AS. gorst. 

Gos, sb. goose, S3 ; goos, MD ; gees, 
//., S; gysse, S3.— AS. g6s. 

Gos-hawke 9 ^. goshawk, Prompt, Voc.; 
gos-hauk, Ca. — AS. gSs-hafuc (Voc). 

Gosse, sb. in phr. : by gosse (a profane 
oath), S3. 

Gossib, sb. sponsor, PP, CM ; godsyb, 
friend, PP.— AS. god-sibb. 

GoMOmer, sb. gossamer, Prompt, Ca ; 
gossnmmer, Voc. ; gosesomere, Voc. 

Gost, sb. spirit, mind, soul, life, ghost, 
PP, S, Sa, C3; goost, Ca, PP; gast, S, 
Sa ; gostes, pl. t S2 ; gostus, PP ; gastes, 
Sa.— AS. gdst. 

Gostliche, adj. spiritual, S; gostly, 
S3, C3; goostUohe, PP; gastllke, S; 
gastelioh, S ; gastell, adv., Sa. 

Gote, sb. water-channel, Prompt., HD ; 
goote, Prompt. ; gotes, //., Sa. — Cp. Low 
G. gote, Du. goot. 

Gotere f sb. gutter, water - channel, 
Prompt. ; goter Is,//., drops, stillicidia, rain 
falling drop by drop, Wa ; goters, HD. — 
OF. goutiere, gutter, from gote, a drop ; 
Lat. gutta. 

Goulen, v. to howl, cry, S, Sa ; gowl- 
and, pr. p. t S3 ; see 3oulen. 



Gonles, sb. pi. the heraldic name for 
red, gules, SkD; gowlis, HD; gowlya, 
S3, HD.— AF. goules\ Late Lat. gulas, 
ace. pi. of gula, ' pellis rubricata ' (Du- 

Goune, sb. gown, PP, C ; gowne, PP; 
gunes, pi, MD. — AF. goune, OF. gone. 

Goune-Cloth, sb. cloth enough to make 
a gown, CM. 

Gourde, sb. gourd, C3, H; goord, 
Prompt. ; gowrdee, //., S2. — OF. gourde, 
gouhourde, cougourde ; Lat. cucurbit a. 

Gouernaille, sb. management, Ca ; 
gouernaile, rudder, W ; gonernails, //., 
Wa. — OF. gouvemail, rudder ; Lat. guber- 

Goueraance, sb. government, be- 
haviour, PP, Ca, C3 ; ffonernannoe, C, 
C2, C3 ; gonernauneia, pi., rules for 
conduct, customs, S3. 

Gouerne, v. to govern, PP, Ca. — AF. 
governer ; Lat. gubernare. 

Gouernonr, sb. governor, Ca; steers- 
man, W, Wa. — OF. gouvemeur\ Lat. 
gubernatorem (ace.). 

Gradde, pt. s., S, Sa, PP ; see Greden. 

Gradi, adj. greedy, S ; see Gredy. 

Graffe, sb. a slip, young shoot, PP, 
Prompt. ; graff, Cotg. — Late LaX.graphium, 
a stile (Gr. ypaQttoy) ; hence Low Lat. 
graffiolum, a graft, sucker ; cp. OF. greffe. 

Graffen, v. to graft, PP; gramd^.jW. 

Graith, adj. exact, direct, Sa, PP ; see 

Graith, sb. preparation, PP. 

Graithen, v. to prepare, H ; gratMa, 
fr. s. t dresses, S3. See GrefBen. 

GraitMy, adv. readily, PP; gratheli, 
Sa ; see GrelBliche. 

Gramcund, adj. angry, S. 

Grame, sb. vexation, anger, S, HD, C3 ; 
grome, S ; gram, S2 ; greme, Sa.— AS. 
grama ; cp. Icel. gramr, wrath. 

Gramercy; seeGraunt. 

Gramien, v. to vex, to be angry, MD ; 
grame, PP, S; gromien, MD.— AS. 
gramian; cp.Goth.gramjan. See Gremien. 

Granand, pr. p. groaning, Sa; see 

Granat, s. a garnet ; see Garnet. 

Granyt,//. dyed in grain, S3 ; grained, 
Sh. See Greyne. 

Grape, v. to handle, palpare, H; see 

Grapers, grappling-irons, S3. 


Gras, sb. grass, S, PP, Ca ; grew, S, 
Prompt. ; gresae, Prompt., Sa ; graaea, 
pl. t Sa ; greaea, Sa ; gyraa, S3. — AS. 
gras : Goth. gras. 

QrMna 9 pr.s. dresses, S3 ; see Graitaem. 

Graunt, adj. great, PP. Phr. : graunt- 
merey, many thanks, Ca, C3, PP; gra- 
mercy, PP, Sh; gramercles, pi., S3. — 
AF. grant, OF. grand ; Lat. grandem. 

Grauntye, v. to grant, give, agree, 
allow, PP ; g ra w ntyn , Prompt, Ca ; 
graunte, PP; granti, S, Sa; graonti, 
ipr.s.,S; grante, imp. s.,S; y-graunted, 
PP-> C3, P; i-ffranted,' Sa.— AF. gra- 
anter (graunter, granter) ; OF. crganter ; 
Late Lat. credentare, from Lat. credentem, 
pr. p. of credere. 

Grauen, v. to bury, S, PP, Ca, H ; to 
engrave, PP ; grof, pt. s., H ; grauen, pp., 
buried, S, PP, G, H ; i-grauen, engraved, 
S; i-graue, S, G; grane, PP. — AS. 
grafan, to dig, pt. grSf, pp. grafen. 

Grauynge, sb. engraving, Sa, P; bury- 
ing, H. 

Gravys,//. groves, S3 ; see Groue. 

Gray, adj. gray, PP, MD ; grey, PP ; 
greye, sb. gray clothing, PP; grai, gray 
fur, S ; grey, S ; badger, S3 ; gray, HD ; 
badgers skin, HD. — AS. grag. 

Gre, sb. step, (fegree, S3, PP, MD ; worthi- 
ness, gradus, Prompt. ; gree, HD ; grees, 
//., W, MD, HD; greia, H.— OF. gre ; 
Lat. gradum (ace). 

Grece, sb. stair, MD, Prompt, Cath., 
Palsg. ; greeoe, Manip. ; grese, MD, HD ; 
greeae, Cotg. (s. v. degri), HD ; grise, 
Sh. ; gxeoeu,pl., Wa ; griaes, Prompt. («). 
— From grees, steps, a flight of steps,//, of 
Gre (above). 

Greden, v. to cry aloud, S, PP, Sa ; 
gradde,//. s., S, PP, Sa; gredde, PP.— AS. 
gr&dan, pt. gr&dde. 

Gredinge, sb. crying, MD ; gredyn*ea, 
//., Sa. 

Gredy, adj. greedy, PP ; gradi, S; 
gredl, S. — AS. gr<kdig ; cp. Icel. grdtiugr. 

Gree, sb. favour, Sa, Ca, C3 ; prize, PP, 
C. Phr. : take in gre, agree to, S3. — 
OF. gre % gred, gret, pleasure, recompense ; 
Lat. gratum, pleasing. 

Gree, v. to agree, HD ; greeinff,/r. /., 
S3. — OF. grier, to agree, to accept ; Late 
Lat. gratare (for Lat. gratari). 

Greesings, sb. pi. steps, HD. See, 


Gref, sb. grief, MD ; greeue, dot., G— 
OF. gref, from Lat gravem, heavy. 

Gre-honnde; see Ctreynownd. 

Greit, sb. grit, S3 ; see Oreot. 

Greith, adj. ready, PP ; graitn, exact, 
direct, PP, S2 ;, PP; graypest, 
superl., PP, S2 ; graitn, <tofc., S3.— Icel. 
greidr, ready : Goth, ga-raids, exact. 

Greffien, ». to prepare, SD ; graitne, 
H, HD ; gratnis, pr. s., dresses, S3 ; 
graitned, //. s., S2; greythede, S; 
greitnide, S2 ; greithede,//., S2 ; grey- 
tHed, pp., S ; gre 3 3)>edd, S ; gre]>)>ed, 
S; graythed, HD, S2; i-gre«et, S; 
y-grei8ed, S3 ; graid, H.— Icel. greida. 

GreiSliche, adv. readily, PP ; graitn- 
ly, PP, HD ; graytnely, S2 ; gratheli, S2. 

Gremien, v. to vex, to be angry, MD, 
S ; greme, S ; $e-gremed, pp., S — AS. 
gremian. See Oramlen. 

Grene, sb. snare ; see Orln. 

Grene, adj. and sb. green, S, PP, S2, C2, 
C3 ; greyne, B.— AS. grine : OS. groni ; 
cp. OHG. gruoni (Tatian). 

Grenehede, sb. greenness, wantonness, 
S2, C3. 

Grennen, v. to grin, show the teeth (as 
a dog), S, W; grennyn, Prompt.— AS. 

Grennnnge, sb. grinning, S; gren- 
nynge, Prompt. 

Greot, sb. gravel, grit, PP; greit, S3 ; 
greete, Manip. ; gritn, PP.— AS.grUt. 

Gres, sb. grass, S, Prompt. See Chras. 

Gresy, adj. grassy, S3. 

Gret, adj. great, S, S2, C2, PP ; greet, 
C2 ; grete, Prompt., PP, S2, C2 ; grette, 
PP ; greate, S ; grate, S ; gretture, comp. 
S; grettoure, PP ; grettour, PP; gretter, 
C2 ; grettere, W2 ; grettest, superl., PP ; 
grete, adv., S3.— AS. griat. 

Greten, v. to salute, S, PP, S2 ; gret, 
imp. s., S ; greteth,//., G ; grette,//. s., S, 
PP, S2, C2, C3,W ; grette,//., G; gretten, 
W ; gret,//., W. — AS.grtian, to approach 
(also ge-grttan), pt. gritte, pp. grttedi OS. 
grdtian ; cp. OHG. gruazen (Otirid). 

Greten, v. to weep, S, PP, H ; greete, 
S3 ; gret, S2 ; groten, S ; gretande,/r./., 
HD ; gretand, S2, S3, H ; gret, pr. s., S ; 
gret,//. s., S, H ; grete, HD ; grete, //., 
HD, S2.— (gritan), pt.£r#(pl. 
grUon\ ^.griten: Ictl.grdta. 

Gretien, v. to magnify ; i-gret, pp., S. 
—AS. grtatian. 



Gretliche, adv. greatly, S, PP ; gretly, 
S2 ; gretlnker, comp., S. 

Gret-WOmbede, adj. big-bellied, S3. 

Gretyng, sb. lamentation, S2 ; gret- 
ynge, H. 

Gretyngfkll, adj. sorrowful, H. 

Greuaunce, sb. grievance, hurt, C2 ; 
grewance, S3 ; grenannoes, //., PP.— 
OF. grevance. 

Grene, sb. thicket, grove, MD ; greues, 
//., S2, CM, HD ; grevis, S3. 

Grenen, v. to grieve, PP, S, C2.— AF. 
grever, to burden ; Lat. gravare. 

GreTLOUS, adj. grievous, PP; gre- 
uousere, comp., W2. 

Greyce, adj. gray, S3. See Ory». 

Grey-hownd, sb. greyhound, leporarius, 
Voc. ; grayhnnd, Voc. ; graynownd, Voc. ; 
grenunde, Voc. : grehownde, Prompt. ; 
greahnnd, SkD ; grenonndes, //., S3 ; 
greahondes, S3 ; greihonndes, SkD.— 
Icel. greyhundr, greyhound ; grey, a dog. 

Greyn, sb. handle, branch, MD ; grayn, 
MD; grayne,WA.— Icel. grein. 

Greyn* s &- grain of corn, a kind of spice, 
MD, PP, CM ; greyne, Prompt; greyn 
de Farys, CM.— AF. grein, grain; Lat. 

Greyne, sb. colour, dye, PP, MD; 
greyn, S3, C2 ; grayn, C2. — AF. graine ; 
Late Lat. grana, cochineal dye (Ducange). 

Greyn-horne, sb. Greenhorn, the name 
of an ox in the Towneley Mysteries, HD. 

Griffonn, sb. griffin, C, S2 ; gryffown, 
Prompt— OF. griffon, a gripe (Cotg.). 

Gril, adj. horrible, rough, fierce, MD ; 
gryl, S2, Prompt.— Cp. MHG. grel, angry. 

Grillen, v. to vex, MD ; gmlde,//. s., 
twanged, S ; i-gruld, //., provoked, SD. 
— AS. grillan. 

Grim, adj. fierce, S ; grynt, heavy, PP, 
S2, C; grimme, //., horrible, S. — AS. 

Grimlich, adj. horrible, S ; grimlycn, 
S; grimliche, adv. terribly, S, PP ; 
grymly, sharply, PP. 

Grin, sb. snare, noose, S, Voc. ; gryn, 
W ; grene, laqueus, MD, Voc. ; grnne, 
MD ; grone, MD ; grane, MD.— AS. grin. 

Grinden, v. to grind, MD ; y-gronnde, 
//., C2 ; gmndyn, S3 ; grounden, C3. — 
AS. grindan, pt. grand (pi. grundon), pp. 

Grindere, sb. grinder ; grynderii, //., 



Grip, sb. vulture, S; grype, Voc., 
Prompt. — Icel. gripr. 

Gripen, v. to grip, S, PP, H ; grap, 
//. s., MD ; grop, MD ; gripen, //., MD ; 
grepen, MD ; gripen,//., MD ; grypen, 
PP; griped, PP.— AS. gripan, pt. grdp 
(pi. gripon), pp. gripen. 

Gris, sb. a young pig, PP; grise, Cath.; 
gryse, Voc. : gryoe, Prompt. ; grys, pi., 
MD, S3, PP.— Icel. griss. 

Grisen, v. to shudder, Sa ; gryse, to 
be frightened, HD ; him gros, pt. s. reflex., 
S. — AS. grisan, pt. grds (pi. grison), pp. 

Grislich, adj. horrible, S, S2 ; grislic, 
S ; grysliohe, S, PP ; grisli,S2 ; grisly, 
C2, C3 ; grisliehe, adv., S ; grieslie, S3. 
— AS. grislic. 

Grist, sb. ground corn, SkD. — AS. grist, 
from grindan ; for loss of n before s see 
Sievers, 185. 

Grist-batinge, sb. grinding of the 
teeth, MD; grisbayting, MD ; gris- 
bitting, S2. 

Grith, sb. peace, S; grfte, dot., S.— 
Icel. grid, domicile, place of safety, peace ; 
hence grid in the Chron. 

GriS-bmche, sb. breach of the peace, S. 

GriSfnl, adj. peaceful, MD. 

GriSfnlnesse, sb. peaceralness, S. 

Grocchen, v. to grudge, grumble, Sa, 
S3. See Orueenen. 

Grof,//. s. dug, buried, H. SeeOranen. 

Grof, adv. flat on one's face, CT (951); 
gruf, MD, C2, C— Cp. Icel. liggja dgriifu, 
to lie on one's face. 

Groflinges, adv. groveling, MD ; 
gronelings, S2; gronelynge, supinus, 
Prompt. ; grnfelynge, Cath. See above. 

Grom, sb. lad, servant, PP, grome, 
PP, S {n) ; gromes,//., S, PP.— Cp. ODu. 
grom, stripling. 

Grome, sb. vexation, anger, S. See 

Gronen, v. to groan, PP, CM, Prompt.; 
grony, S2 ; graninde, pr. p., S ; granand, 
Sa ; gronte, //. s., Ca.— AS. grdnian. 

Grop,//. s.; see Oripen. 

Gropien, v. to seize, handle, MD; 
gropyn, Prompt. ; grope, C, C3 ; grape, 
pa/pare, H, Manip.— AS. grdpian, from 
gripan. See Oripen. 

GrOS, //. s. reflex, was afraid, S. See 

Grot, sb. weeping, S, MD. See Oreten. 


Grot, sb. atom, MD ; grotes, //., S.— 
AS. grot, particle. 

Grote, sb. groat, C3, PP; grotto, S3.— 
OLG. grote, a coin of Bremen; cp. Du. 
groot, great. Cf. Chret. 

Groten, v. to weep, S, MD ; see Oreten. 

Ground, sb. ground, foundation, bottom 
(of water), MD ; grand, S; grounds, 
PP ; gronde, dot., Sa ; groundes, pi. 
foundations, Sa. Phr. : to gronnde com, 
came to the ground, i.e. was ruined, Sa. — 
AS. grund. 

Grounden, v. to found; grownden, 
Prompt.; gronndes, a/r.x.,Sa; grounded, 
pp., Sa. 

Groue, sb. a little wood, Prompt, MD ; 
gravys,//., S3.— AS. grdf. 

Gronelings, adv. flat on one's face, 
Sa ; see Groflinges. 

Groyn, sb. the snout of a pig, CM ; 
groyne, Prompt. ; groon, Manip. ; grnne, 
Cath. — OF. groing, groin. 

Groynen, v. to grunt, to murmur, W ; 
groignen, MD.— OF. groigner } grogner. 

Groynyng, sb. murmuring, discontent,C . 

Grncchen, v. to grudge, grumble, PP, 
Sa, C, Ca ; grocching, /r. /., Sa ; groo- 
ohed, pt. s. t S3 ; grntoniden, //.//., W, 
Wa. — OF. groucher, groucer, grocer. 

Grncching, sb. grumbling, S; gruo- 
ohyng, G ; grntenyng, W. 

Grnf, adv. flat on one's face, MD, C, 
Ca. Phr. a grnf, MD ; on groufe, MD ; 
one the groffe, MD. See Oro£ 

Grnlde, //• s., twanged, S ; see Orillen. 

Grand, sb. ground, bottom of a well, S ; 
see Ground. 

Grandlike, adv. thoroughly, heartily, 
MD, S. See above. 

Grnnten, v. to grunt, MD ; gryntiden, 
//. //., MD. Cp. OHG. grunzen. 

Grontyng, sb. grunting, gnashing, W ; 
grynting, W ; grentyng, W. 

Grnre, sb. horror, MD. — AS. gryre; 
OS. gruri. 

Grnre-fal, adj. horrible, S. 

Grnselien, v. to munch, S. 

Grnsen, v. to munch, MD; gryse, 
HD ; gruse, JD. 

Grys, sb. a costly far, the fur of the grey 
squirrel, C, Sa, PP, HD ; grey, C3 ; 
gryoe, Prompt; greys, PP; greyoe, S3. 
— OF. gris, gray. 

Gn, you, S ; see Bow. 


Chierdon, sb. reward, S3, CM ; grier- 
done, S3, CM. — AF. guerdon : It. guidar- 
doru ; Low Lat. widerdonum (Ducange). 

Guerdonen, v. to reward, CM.— OF. 
guerredoner (Bartsch). 

Gnerdonlesse, adj. without reward, 

Guerdonyng, sb. reward, CM. 

GukgO, sb. cuckoo, S3 ; see Cukkow. 

Gulche-cuppe, sb. a toss-cup, S. 

Gulchen, v. to gulp, swallow greedily, 

Guide, sb. dot. gold, S ; see Gold. 

Guide, sb. marigold, C ; see Oolde. 

Gulden, adj. golden, S, MD ; gilden, 
S3, MD.— AS. gylden. 

Quit, sb. guilt, S, S2, C, PP; gylt, 
C; gilt, S, PP; gylta, PP; gilte, PP; 
gultes, //.feults,S,PP; galtns, Sa.— AS. 

Gulten, v. to sin, S ; gilte, pt. s., S ; 
gulte,//., PP ; i-gult,//., S.— AS. gyltan. 

Gulfr, adj. guilty, C, PP ; gylty, PP ; 
gilty, PP ; ***?, S.-AS. gyltig. 

Gnltyf, adj. guilty, G ; giltyf, G, HD. 

Chunen, pi. men, S ; see Gom*. 

Gumme, sb. gum ; see Oomme. 

Gunge, adj. young, S ; gungest, superl., 
youngest, S ; gunkeato, S ; see 3ong. 

Gunnen, began, did ; see Oinnan. 

Gur, your, S ; see 5«. 



Gurdel, sb. girdle, S ; see Gixdel. 

Garden, v. to strike, MD; guxde)>, Sa ; see CHrden. 

Gurleft, children (of either sex\ 
C, PP; garle»,PP. Phr.\ knavagarlya, 
boys, HD. Cf. Gyrte. 

GuShede, sb. youth, S ; see Bonthede. 

Gyde, sb. clothing, S3, MD ; gide, MD, 

Gyde, sb. guide, C3. 

Gyden, v. to guide, Ca, C3, Palsg.— 
OF. guider. 

Gyen, v. to guide, direct, PP, Prompt. ; 
gye, S3, Ca, C3 ; gle, PP; gyede, pt. s. t 
PP, Sa.— OF. guier, guider. 

Gylofre, sb. gillyflower, Sa (s.v. clowe) ; 
see Ctorraflour. 

Gylt, adj. gilt, PP ; ffnlte, PP; gilte, 
PP, Ca. 

Gylt, v. to gild, S3. 

Gymp, adj. slim, delicate, short, scanty, 
S3; gimp, JD; neat, HD; jimp, HD, 
DG ; gym, trim, spruce, S3 ; gim, DG ; 
jim, DG ; jemmy, DG. 

Gyrle, sb. a child, generally a girl, but 
also used of a boy, MD ; gerles,//., MD ; 
girles, MD. Cf. Ourles. 

GyrSS, sb. grass; see Oraa. 

Gyse, sb. guise, manner, C, PP, Prompt. ; 
&—, C, S3 ; gym, S3.— AF. guise. See 

Gysse, sb. pi. geese, S3 ; see Gos. 


Ha, pron. he, S, Sa. See He. 
Habben, Habe ; see Hauen. 
Haberdasher, sb. a seller of small 
wares, C, SkD (p. 809). 

Haberdashrie,^. haberdashery, SkD. 

Haberioun, sb. habergeon, a piece of 
armour to defend the neck and breast, PP ; 
nabuxionn, W, Wa ; hawbyrgon, Voc. ; 
nabnxjon,S2; nabergeoun,C2 ; habarion, 
PP. — OF. hauberjon, from hauberc. See 

Habilitie, sb. ability, S3. See Abilite. 

Hable, adj. able, S3, MD. See Abil. 

Haboundanle, adv. abundantly, S3. 
See Habundantly. 

Habounde, v. to abound, NED, S3, 
Ca ; see Habunde. 

Habundanee, sb. abundance, Ca. 

Habundant, adj. abundant, Ca. 

Habundantly, adv. abundantly, C3. 

Habunde, v. to abound, NED.— OF. 
habonder, abunder ; Lat. abundare. 

Hac, conj. but, S ; see Ao. 

Hacche, sb. hatch, PP ; hack, hatch of 
a ship, Sa. — Cp. Dan. hakke. 

Had, sb. state, order, rank, person (of 
Christ), S ; pi. ranks (of angels), S. — AS. 
hdd; cp. OHG. heit. 

H&- ; see under He-. 

Hffihst, highest ; see Helgkeat. 

HseleS, sb. warrior ; see Heletf. 

Hsene, adj. pi. poor, S. See Heyne. 

Hserre, sb. lord, S. See Herre. 

108 H^E. 

Hse;e, adv. highly, S ; see Heigne. 
Haf, Hafst, HafS; see Hauen. 
Hafed, sb. head, S. See Hened. 
Hafed-men, sb. pi. prelates, S. 
Hage-faderen ; see Hen-fader. 
Hagge, sb. a hag, P ; hegge, MD. 
Hagt, sb. (?), S. 
Hah, adj. high, S ; see Heigh. 
Hail, sb. hail, PP; heal, S3; bailie, 
PP ; hayle, PP.— AS. hagol. 

Hail, adj. hale, whole, sound, S ; h»il, 
S ; hell, S. Cf. Hool. 
Haile, adv. wholly, S3 ; haill, S3. 
Hailen,?. to greet, Cath., MD ; heilen, 
MD, S2. 

Hailsen, v. to greet, to say ' hail,' MD, 
Cath., P, S3 ; haylsen, S3 ; halsen, S2, 
S3. — Icel. heilsa ; cp. AS. hdlsian, to 
greet, see Sievers, 411. 

Hailsinge, sb. salutation, Cath. ; liai- 
sing, S2. 
HailSTim, adj. wholesome, S3. 
Hakeney, sb. horse, nag, C3, PP; 
equillus. Voc. ; mannus, Voc. — AF. hake- 
nai, hakeney. 

Hakeney-man, sb. one who lets out 
horses, P ; equiferus, Voc. ; hakneyman, 
Hal, sb. a secret place, MD ; hale, dat., 
Halde, pt. s. inclined, S. See Eelden. 
Halely, adv. wholly, S2 ; haly, S2. See 

Halen, v. to hale, drag, S. S2, S3, 
Prompt.; haUe, PP. — OS. haldn ; cp. 
OFris. halia; from Teutonic comes OF. 

Halende, sb. the Saviour, S ; see Hel- 

Halewen, v. to hallow, consecrate, S2, 
W2, PP ; halwen, S2, S3, PP, C3 ; halijen, 
S; halted, pt. s., S2 ; y-hal^ed, S2.— AS. 
hdlgian. See Holi. 

Halewis, sb. pi saints, W ; halechen, 
S ; see Halwes. 

Half, sb. side, S, S2 ; half, S ; halue, 
dot., S; pi, S; halites, G. Phr. : o 
Godess hallfe, on God's behalf, S.— AS. 
Halflingis, adv. half, S3. 
Halfpeny, sb. halfpeny, MD; hal- 
pens,//., W. 
Hali, adj. holy, S, S2. See Holi. 
Halidom, sb. a holy thing, holy relics, 


S, P ; halydom, S2 ; hali^domess,//., S. — 
AS. hdligddm. 

Hali-write, sb. holy writ, S. 
Hali^en, v. to hallow, S; see Hale- 

Halke, sb. corner, recess, S, Prompt., 
MD ; halkes, //., C3 ; halke5, Sa. 

Halle, sb. hall, Cath., S, C2 ; hallen, 
dot., S.— AS. heall 
Halp, pt. s. ; see Helpen. 
Hals, sb. neck, S, S2, C3, C3.— AS. 
heals ; cp. Icel. hdls. 
Halsien, v. to embrace, MD ; halsen, 
Cath., Prompt.; hals, H.— AS. healsian; 
cp. Icel. hdlsa. 
Halsien, v. to beseech, conjure, MD ; 
halsen, S2, C2. 
Hals-man, sb. executioner, HD. 
Halsynge, sb. embrace, Cath. 
Halt, adj. lame, MD. 
Halten, v. to walk as lame, MD; 
halted, pt. pi, S2.— AS. healtian. 
Halnen-del, sb. the half, S, G ; hal- 
uendele, PP. 
Halwes, sb. pi. saints, C3 ; halewis, 
W; halhes, S; halechen, S; hale^en, 
dat.y S ; hal3en, S2 ; halhen, S ; haleffe, 
sb. } saint, S ; halfrh, S2. See Holi. 
Halted,//, s. ; see Halewen. 
Ham, them, S, S2 ; see Hem. 
Ham, sb. home, S. See Hoom. 
Earner, sb. hammer, C, C3. — AS. 

Hamly, adv. familiarly, heartily, H. 
See Homliche. 

Hamlynes, sb. intimacy, H. See 

Hand, sb. hand, MD; hond, S, S2, C2 
hoond, W, W2 ; honde, dat. f S, S2, C3 
hand, ply S ; hend, S, S2 ; hende, S2 
honde, S ; honden, S. S2 ; handes, S 
hondes, S, S3, C2, C3, P.— AS. hand 

Hand-fal, sb. sheaf, S, MD. 
Handidandi, sb. forfeit, P; handle- 
dandle, HD. 

Handlen, v. to handle, S, C2. 
Hangen, v. (strong), to hang ; (1) tr., 
MD ; hen?, pt. s.; C2 ; henffen, //., S ; 
heengen, S2 ; hongen, pp., MD; (2) 
intr. hen?, pt. s., C3, MD ; hynff, S2, 
MD ; hing, MD ; hon*, S3, MD ; hynffe, 
C. — AS. hange, 1 pr. s., hing, pt. s., hang- 
en, pp. 


Hangen, v. {weak) to hang; (i) intr., 
MD ; hengen, S, MD; honffen, S, S2, S3 ; 
hongien, MD ; hingen, S2 ; Ung, MD ; 
hynff, S2, S3, H ; henged,//. s., MD, S ; 
honged,//., S3, G ; hangiden, W ; heng- 
«*> ^:» S; (2) /r. hongede, pt. s., S2; 
hongide, W ; hangede, MD ; hanged, 
pp., P ; y-honged, S2. — AS. hangian. 

Hanselle, sb. handsel, earnest-money 
on a purchase, a gift, PP, Cath. ; hansale, 
strata, Prompt. ; haunsel, MD ; hansel, 
P, HD. — Icel. hands al, the confirming of a 
bargain by shaking hands. 

Hansellen, v. to handsel, to betroth, 
MD.,Cath., Palsg.; i-hondsald, pp., S.— 
Icel. handsala. 

Hap, sb. chance, fortune, C2, C3, PP; 
happe, S2, W; happes, //., P — Icel. 

Happen, v. to hap, chance, P, Sa, C2, 
C3 ; hapte, pt. s., MD. 

Happiliche, adv. perchance, P ; hap. 

Happy, adj. lucky, S3. 

Happyn, v. to wrap up, Prompt., MD ; 
hap, JD; happis, pr. s., S3; happid, 
pt. s. t HD; happid,//., H. 

Happynge, sb. wrapping, H. 

Harborowe, v. to harbour ; see Her- 

Harde, adj. hard, severe, disastrous, 
• parsimonious, PP, C2 ; hard, S ; harde, 
herdure, adj. comp., S; harde, adv., se- 
verely, S, S2 ; hard, with difficulty, W. 
Comb. : harde clotfes, sackcloth, S. Phr. : 
of hard, with difficulty,W,W2.— AS. heard. 

Hardeliche, adv. bravely, S, S2; 
hardely, S3. 

Harden, v, to make hard; y-harded, 
//., C2. 

Hardenen, v. to harden ; harrdenessty 
2 pr. s., S. 

Hardi, adj. hardy, S, W2 ; bold, daring, 
S2 ; hardy, C2, PP.— OF. hardi. 

Hardiliche, adv. boldly, P; hardi- 
llke, S ; hardily, C2 ; hardiloker, comp., 

Hardiment, sb. boldness, MD ; hardy- 
ment, S2. 

Hardinesse, sb. boldness, C2 ; hardy- 
nesse, W, PP. 

Harding, sb. a hardening, C2. 
Hares, //. hairs, S2 ; haris, S3. See 
Harlot, sb. beggar, vagabond, ribald, 



buffoon, rascal, C, PP ; harlot, acrobat, 
H; harlotte, MD; harlotes, pi, P; 
herlotis, H; adj. scoundrelly, S3. — OF. 
harlot, herlot t arlot. 

Harlotrie, sb. tale-telling, jesting talk, 
ribaldry, buffoonery, P ; harlatrye, jesting 
=Lat scurrilitas ((vrpavtkia), W ; harlo- 
tries,//., C. 

Harm, sb. harm, S ; harm, S ; hearm, 
S ; harem, S ; harme, dat., S ; harme, 
S, C2 ; hermes,//., damages, S ; harme*, 
PP.— AS. hearm. 

Harnten, v. to harm, S ; hearmett, pr. 
s„ S ; hermie, subj., S.— AS. hearmian. 

Hame-panne, sb. the cranium, skull, 
Cath.; harnpanne, Voc. ; harnpane, Voc. ; 
hernepanne, HD. 

Hames, sb. pi. brains, Voc, Cath., 
HD; harnes, S; hemes, S2. — Icel. 
hjarni, the brain ; cp. Goth, hwairnei. 

HarneyS, sb. armour, C, PP, S3; 
herneys, C, PP.— OF. harneis. 

Harneysed, pp. equipped, C. 

Haro ! inter/', a cry for assistance raised 
in Normandy by any one wronged, HD ; 
harow, PP; harrow, an exclamation of 
distress, C, C3, PP.— AF. harro! OF. 
haro, haro/, Cotg., Palsg., p. 501, Bartsch. 

Harre, sb. hinge, C, CM. See Herre. 

Harryng, sb. growling like a dog, S2. 

Harwen, v. to harrow, harry, ravage, 
PP, MD, CM; herwen, MD ; herien, 
Sa ; harowen, PP, MD ; har^ien, S ; her- 
jien, MD. — AS. hergian. See Here. 

Hary, v. to drag violently, CM ; harry, 
to drag, to vex, HD ; haried, pp., C— OF. 
harier, to harry, hurry, vex (Cotg.). 

Has, sb. command, S ; see Heste. 

Hasard, sb. the game of hazard played 
with dice, C3, Voc. — OF. hasard, hasart. 

Hasardonr, sb. a dice-player, C3, 
Voc. ; haserder, Voc. — AF. hasardour, OF. 

Hasardrye, sb. gaming, playing at 
hazard, C3. 

Hase, odj. hoarse, H. See Boos. 

Haske, sb. a wicker fish-basket, ND, 

Haspe, sb. a hasp, fastening of a door, 
Manip. ; hespe, Prompt, Cath. — AS. 
hapse (Voc.). 

Haspen, v. to hasp, obserare, Manip. ; 
hasped,//., S2 ; y-hasped, P ; i-haspet, 

Ha«t, sb. haste, PP.— Cp. OSwed. hast. 


Hasten, v. to haste ; hasteth, imp. pi., 

Hastif, adj. hasty, C2 ; hasty**, S3.— 
OF. hastif. 

Hastiliche, adv. quickly, S2; haste- 
liche, S; hastily, C2 ; hastly, Sa J 
hestely, S3. 

Eat, adj. hot, S ; hatere, comp., S. See 

Hate* sb. heat, S ; see Hete. 

Haten(i), v. to bid, promise, call; 
hete, ipr. s., S2, C3; hote, S3; hloht, 
S2 ; night, S3 ; hate$,/r. s. y bids, S ; hat, 
S; hot, S; hoot, S; hat,//., Sa; hahte, 
pt. s., called, S ; hehte, ordered, called, S ; 
hihte, S2 ; hiht, S2 ; hi5t, S2 ; het, or- 
dered, promised, S, S2 ; hashten, //., S ; 
hight, S2 ; hyghte, C2 ; hotel?,, 
promise, S ; heete, pr. s. subj., C ; gehat- 
en., pp., S; i-haten, S; i-hate, S; i~hote, 
S; y-oten, S; hoten, called, S, P; hot- 
ene, promised, S ; hote, P ; hette, S2 ; 
night, S2 ; hyht, S2 ; heoht, S3 ; y-hy^t, 
S2 ; y-hoten, PP ; y-hote, PP ; i-hote, S2. 
— AS. hdtan, pt. htht, pp. hdten. 

Haten (2), v. to be called; hoten, S, 
MD ; hote, C ; hatte, MD ; het, MD ; 
hiffht, MD ; hitf, ipr. s., S2 ; hy3t,/r. s., 
S2 ; hat, P; hattest, 2 pr. s., S; hatte, 
1 pr. s., am called, S ; pr. s., S2 ; hatte, 
pt. s., was called, S, MD ; hette, MD ; 
hete, MD ; highte, C2 ; h»hte, S ; hehte, 
S; heoht, S3; hyghte, S2; hiht, S2 ; 
hyjt, S2 ; het, S, S2 ; hat, S2.— AS. hdtan, 
pr. and pt. hdtte ; cp. Goth, haitada, 1 am 
called, see Sievers, 367. The forms of AS. 
Hdtan (1) are often used by confusion in 
the place of the old passive forms. 

Hatere, sb. clothing, HD, PP, Prompt. ; 
hater, PP ; heater, S ; hatren,//., clothes, 
S2. — AS. hateru, pi. garments, see Sievers, 

Haterynge, sb. dress, PP. 

Hathel, sb. noble one, S2 ; see Athel. 

Hatien, v. to become hot ; hatte,//. s., 
S ; yhat, pp., S2.— AS. hdtian. See Hoot. 

Hatien, v. to hate, MD, S, S2 ; hatede, 
//. j., C2. — AS. hatian. 

Hatreden, sb. hatred, MD ; hatered- 
yn, H ; hatredyn, H ; hatrede, dat., S. 

Hatterliche, adv. savagely, S; see 

Hauberk, sb. a coat of ringed mail, S2, 
C, C2.— OF. hauberc; OHG. halsberc, lit. 


Hank, sb. hawk, C2, PP, S2; hanec, 
S ; havekes,£;»., S \pl., S2 ; heanekes, S. 

Hauke, v. to hawk, C2 ; hawkyd,//. s. } 

Eankynge, sb. hawking, P ; an hank- 
ynjf, ouhawking, a-hawking, Ca. 

Haunt, sb. abode, C2 ; skill from prac- 
tice, C ; use, custom, PP. 

Haunten, v. to frequent, practise, make 
use of, PP, C3, S3, S2, W, H; hant, S3; 
HD. — OF. hunter, to frequent 

Hauteyn, adj. loud, MD,C3; havteyn, 
haughty, H; howteyne, H (»). — OF. 
hautain, high. 

HauekeS, g6n. of Hank. 

Hauen, v. to have, S ; habben, S, S2 ; 
abbe, S2; haben, S; habe, S; han, S2, 
C2 ; hane, C2, PP ; haf, S2 ; ane, 1 pr. 
s., S ; ha, pr. s. subj., S3 ; hafst, 2 /r. s., 
S; hafesst, S; hsafnest, S; hanest, S2; 
hest, S ; hafS,/r. s., S ; hafett, S ; hane*, 
S; hanes, S2; hat*, S2; hep, S2; hM, 
S3; ane$, S; ap, S2 ; habbet, 2 pi, S; 
habbetf,//., S, S2; abbett, S2; habett, S; 
habbe;, S2 ; han, S2, S3 ; hafd, 1 pt. s., 
S2; haned, S2 ; hanid, S2; hafdes, 2 
pt.s.,S; hafde,//.x.,S; haffde,S; hefde, 
S ; hefede, S ; hedde, S ; henede, S ; hadde, 
S2, C2 ; adde, S, S2 ; hwfden,//., S ; haf- 
den, S ; haiTdenn, S ; hefden, S ; hedden, 
S ; hadden, S, C2 ; hadde, S ; hade, S ; 
henede, S2 ; hafd, pp., S2 ; y-hadde, S2 ; 
haiffeing, pr. p., S3; hase=hae + ns, 
have us, S3. — AS. habban, pt s. hafde, pp. - 

Hauene, sb. haven, S, S2, CM ; hannea, 
pi., 2. — AS. hafene. 

Hauene, v. to take harbour; haneny- 

Hauer, sb. oats, P; havyr, Cath.; hafjr, 
Voc. — Cp. Du. haver, G. hafer. 

Hauer-cake, sb. oat-cake, Cath. (it); 
havyre-oake, HD. 

Hauer-grasse, sb. wild oats, Cath. 
(»), HD. 

Havyng, sb. behaviour, S2; hawyn*, 

Haw, adj. azure, S3, JD ; hawe, grey, 
MD ; haa, MD.— Cp. AS. hdnven, sea-blue. 

Hawbart, sb. halberd, S3.— OF. hale- 

Hawe, sb. hedge, enclosure, C3, MD ; 
haje, MD ; hahe, MD ; haffh, HD.— AS. 
haga, hedge (Voc.). 

Hawe, sb. hawthorn-berry, MD, C2, 
PP, Cath.— AS. haga (Voc). 


Hawe-thorne, sb. hawthorn, PP, 
Prompt. ; hasporn, MD.— ONorth. haga- 
\orn (Mat. 7. 16). 

Haye, sb. a hedge, a kind of springe to 
catch rabbits, S3; hay, ND.— OF. hate 
{haye), a hedge. 

Hay-ward6, sb. hedge-warden, PP; 
haiwarde, PP; Wayward, Voc. ; h«i- 
waxd, S. — From AS. hege, hedge, and 

Ha^heli^, adv. becomingly, S ; ha;he- 
like, S. — IceL hagliga, skilfully, suitably, 
from hagr. 

H a s h er , adj. skilful, MD; liawnr, 
MD; haver, MD; ha^herrllke, adv., be- 
comingly, S. See above. 

H& 9 pron. he, S; used indefinitely, = one 
of you, P; heo, S; hi, S; hie, S; ha, S, 
Sa ; a, S2 ; ^ S2 ; e, S ; has = he + hee, 
he them, S; hes-he + hes, he her, S. 

Hea- ; see under He-. 

Heal, sb. hail, S3 ; see Kail. 

H ealden, v. to pour, S; see Helden. 

Healen, sb. pi. dot. heels, S; see 

Heanen, v. to oppress, afflict, S; 
heande, pt. s., S ; heaned, pp., afflicted, 
S.— Cp. AS. hynan, to humble, from hian, 
despised. See Heyne. 

Heas, sb. command ; heave, da/., S. See 

Heascen, v. to insult, MD ; 
//. s., S. — Cp. AS. hyscan. 

Heater, sb. clothing, S; see Hattxi. 

Heaued, sb. head, S ; see Heued. 

Heaued-SUnne, sb. capital sin, deadly 
sin, S. 

Heeht; seeHaten. 

Hecseities, //. a term in logic, S3. 

Hedde, Hedden, had ; see Kauen. 

Hede, sb. heed, care, Ca, PP. 

Heden, v. to heed, S ; hedde, //. s. t 
SkD ; hedd, MD.— AS. hfdan: OS. hddian, 
cp. OHG. huaten (Otfrid). 

Hee- ; see under He-. 

Hee, adj. high ; see Heigh. 

Heed, sb. head, Ca, C3, G, W; see 

Heedlyng, adv. headlong, W. 

Heele, sb. heel, PP; hells, //., PP; 
helen, dot., S ; healen, S.— AS. tela. 

Heep, sb. heap, crowd, number, PP, 
Wa; hep, PP; hepe, Cath., G, PP.— AS. 
Map; cp. OHG. houf (Otfrid). 


Hear, sb. hair, S3, C3 ; heere, W, PP ; 

see Here. 

Hear, adv. here, Ca, PP ; her, S, Sa, 
C; hmr,S; hler, Sa ; hire, G. Comb.: 
her-afterward, hereafter, C3; her-hiuore, 
heretofore, Sa ; herbiforn, C3 ; her-inae, 
herein, C3 ; her-onont, as regards this, S ; 
her-to, hereto, C3; for this cause, W; 
heer-vpon, hereupon, Ca. 

Heete ; see Haten (1). 

Hefden; see Hanen. 

Hegge, sb. hedge, S, C, Wa ; hegges, 
//., P; heggis, Wa.— AS. hegge (dat.) in 
Chron. ann. 547. 

Hegh, sb. haste, H ; see Hye. 

Hen, adj. high, S, Sa, PP; see Heigh. 

Heh-dai, sb. high day, festival, MD; 
h»;e-derie, dat. y S. 

Hehe, adv. highly, S ; see Kelghe. 

Heh-engel, sb. archangel, S.— AS. 

Hen-fader, sb. patriarch, SD ; 
faderen, //. dot., S.— AS. hiahfader. 

Hehlich, adj. noble, proud, perfect, 
MD; hely, S3.— AS. hiahlic. 

Hehliche, adv. highly, splendidly, 
loudly, MD; helhliche, Sa; he^lyohe; 
hahliohe, S; hehllce, S; heglice, S.— 
AS. htahlice. 

Hehne,#^'> contemptible, S; see Heyne. 

HehneMe, sb. highness, MD; hey- 
nesse, S3 ; heffhnes, Sa ; hl^nesse, W. — 
AS. hiahness. 

Heh-seotel, sb. high-seat, throne, S; 
heg*ettle, dot., S.— AS. hiahsetl. 

Hei, sb. hay, grass, Voc., W ; see Hey. 

Hei, adj. high, S, S2 ; see Heigh. 

Heien, v. to extol, S ; see Hl;en. 

Heigh, adj. high, chief, principal, noble, 
PP, CM, Ca, Sa ; hei3, PP, Sa ; hey*, S3 ; 
helh, S; heh, S, Sa, PP; hegh, Sa, S3; 
hey, PP, Ca, S, Sa ; hei, S, Sa ; he?, S; 
he;e, S, Sa; hl5,W, S; hy*e, Sa; hlhe, 
C; hi, PP; hy, Ca ; h»h, S; hah, S; 
hee, Sa.— AS. hdah, hth. 

Heighe, adv. highly, PP; hei;e, PP, 
Sa ; heye, S, Sa, PP ; heh*e, S ; hehe, S ; 
heie, S, Sa ; hye, Ca ; he, Sa ; h»)e, S.— 
AS. hJage, hiah. 

Heigher, adj. eomp. higher, C, CM; 
heyer, Sa, C3; hyer, S3; herre, S, P.— 
AS. htrra. 

Heighest, adj. superl. highest, PP; 
heghest, Sa; heh;hewrt, S; hegest, S; 
heat, Sa ; hwhft, S.— AS. hthst. 

112 HEIH. 

Heih, adj. high ; see Heigh. 
Heind, adj. ; see Hende. 
Heir, sb. heir, S, Ca ; see Sir. 
Hei-UOl, adj. haughty, S2. See Heigh. 
Hei-ward, sb. hedge-warden, hayward, 
S ; see Hay-warde. 

Hekele, sb. hatchel, mataxa, Prompt.; 
hechele, hatchel for flax, HD; hekylle, 
mataxa, Voc, Cath. ; heckle, comb, 
Manip. ; hekkill, heckle, cock's comb, S3 ; 
heckle, HD.— Cp. Du. hekel, hatchel. 
Helde, sb. age, S; see Bide. 
Helde, sb. a slope, S; heldes,//., MD. 
Helden, v. to tilt, to incline, S, S2, W ; 
healden, to pour, S; helde, pt. s. t W; 
halde, S ; helded, S2 ; heldid, H ; held, 
pp., S2. — AS. heldan\ cp. Icel. halla, to 
incline ; E. heel {over). See Hell. 
Heldynge, sb. an inclining aside, H. 
Hele, sb. health, soundness, S, S2, S3, C ; 
hale, S; heale, S, S3; hel, S2 ; heles, 
pi.. Sa.— AS. halu. 

Helen, v. to cover, conceal, CM,P, S, S2 ; 
heolen, S ; halen,^., S ; heled, S2 ; hole, 
MD. — AS. helan, pt. heel, pp. holen; cp. 
OHG. helan (Otfrid). 

Helen, v. to heal, PP, S2, C2 ; halyd, 
pp., H.— AS. halan; cp. OHG. heilen 

Helende, sb. the Saviour, the Healer, 
S; halende, S; healent, S.— AS. h<klend\ 
cp. OHG. heilant (Otfrid). 

Heleth, sb. armed man, warrior, MD ; 
h»le«, MD; helefles, //., S.— AS. heled ; 
cp. G. held. 

Helfter, sb. noose, snare, S. — AS. hcelf 
tre (Voc.) ; see*SkD. (s. v. halter). 
Heling, sb. salvation, S2. 
Hell, v. to pour out, H ; hel, 1 pr. s. t 
H ; hell, imp. s., H ; helle*,//., H ; hel- 
land, pr. p., H ; halt, pt. s., H ; //., H. 
— Icel. hella, to pour. See Helden. 

Helle, sb. hell, C2, MD,PP; = infer- 
num, W.— AS. hell: OHG. hella: Goth. 
Helle-fOT, sb. hell-fire, S.— AS. helle fyr. 
Helle-hound, sb. hell-hound, MD. 
HeHe-muS, sb. mouth of hell, S. 
Helnte, sb. a helm, covering for the 
head, PP, CM ; helm, MD.— AS. helm ; 
cp. Goth, hilms. 

Helmed, adj. provided with a helm, 
C2, CM. 
Help, sb. help, C2, PP. 


Helpen, v. to help, S2 ; halp, pt. s., C2, 
PP ; halpe, PP, S2 ; //., P; holpyn, P ; 
hulpen, P; holpen, pp., C, C2, PP; 
holpe, P; hnlpe, P.— AS. helpan\ pt. 
healp ; pp. holpen ; cp. Goth, hilpan. 

Helplees, adj. helpless, C3; helplea, 

Helthe, sb. health, salvation, S2 ; 
heelthe, W.— AS. hald. 

Hem, pron. pi. dot. and ace. them, S, S2, 
S3, C2, W, PP ; horn, S, S2 ; ham, S, S2 ; 
him, C2; heom, S. — AS. him, heom, 
dat. pi. 

Hem-self, pron. themselves, S, C3, PP ; 
hemaeluen, PP ; hemsllf, W, W2 ; hem- 
sitae, PP. 
Hende, adv. at hand, S2. 
Hende, adj. near at hand, handy, cour- 
teous, S, S2, G, P ; heind, S2 ; hinde, S3 ; 
hendest, superl., S; heondest, S. — AS. 
Hendeliche, adv. courteously, S, S2, 
P ; hnndeliche, S ; hendely, S2 ; hend- 
llehe, S3. 

Hendi, adj. gracious, courteous, S2 ; 
hendy, S2, MD. — AS. hendig (in com- 
pounds) : Goth, handugs, clever. 
Heng, //. s. hung ; see Hansen. 
Henge, sb. hinge, MD ; hengis, pi, 
W5. See Hangien. 
Henne, adv. hence, S, C3, PP ; heonne, 
S ; hennen, S. — AS. heonan. 

Hennes, adv. hence, S, S2, P* W; 
hennus, W ; heonne*, PP. 
Hennes-forth, adv. henceforth, C2. 
Henten, v. to seize, Prompt., S3, C3, 
P; hente, pt. s., PP, Sa, Ca, C3, HD; 
hynt, S3 ; hent, S2, PP, S3 ; pp-, S3, Ca, 
C3 ; y-hent, C3.— AS. hentan. 
Henter, sb. a thief, HD. 
Heo- ; see under He-. 
Heo, pron. she, S, S2, P ; hi, S ; hy«, 
S ; hie, MD; he,S,S2, P; hue, S2 ; ha, S ; 
ho, S2, S3 ; 3eo, S ; 3ho, S ; 3*e, S2 ; 30, S 
(s. v. ge) ; heo, ace ., her, S. — AS. Mo. 
Heo, pron. he, S ; see He. 
Heom, pron. them, S ; see Hem. 
Heo-seolf, she herself, S. 
Hep, sb. heap ; see Heep. 
Hepe, sb. hip, the fruit of the dog-rose, 
SkD, MD; heepe, CM.— AS. heope. 
Hepe-tre, sb. cornus, Voc, Cath. 
Heraud, sb. herald, S3, C ; hexaudes, 
//., C, PP.— OF. heraud, herault y heralt. 


Herbe, sb. herb, Voc.; eertoe, Wa ; 
hatrhia,//., S3 ; herbee, C2 ; erbes, Sa ; 
eerhis, Wa.- OF. herbe \ Lat. herba. 

Herbere, sb. garden of herbs, S3; 
herber, PP, CM ; erber, PP ; erberes, 

Herbergage, sb. lodging, S2, C2, C3. 
— AF. herbergage, from OF. herberge, en- 
campment (Roland). 

Herbergeonr, sb. provider of lodging, 
C3.— OF. herbergeur. 

Herbergeri, sb. lodging, Sa.— OF. 


Herberwe, sb. lodging, shelter, har- 
bour, place of refuge, camp, S, PP ; her- 
borewe, W ; herberffh, C, PP ; herbor;, 
PP ; herbore,W. — Icel. herbergi, lit army- 
shelter. See Here. 

Herberw*, v. to harbour, lodge, S3, 
PP; lierborowe, PP; harborowe, S3; 
herborwe, PP; herborwed,//., S; her- 
borid, W. See above. 

Herbore-les, adj. homeless, W. 

Xerce, sb. triangular form, S3 ; nerve, 
a framework whereon lighted candles were 
placed at funerals, HD ; burden of a song, 
I S3.— OF. fierce, a harrow ; Lat hirpicem. 

Herd, adj. haired, C. 

Herde, adj. pi. hard, S ; see Karde. 

Herde, sb. herd, grex, PP.— AS. heord. 

Herde, sb. shepherd, CM; hlrde, S, 
H ; bird, S3, H ; horde, keeper, guardian, 
S ; hirdls,//., W, H.— AS. hierde (heorde), 
herdsman; cp. OHG. hirti (Otfrid). 

Herde-man, sb. herdsman, S3 ; heorde- 
hionne, gen. pi., S. 

Herdes, sb. pi. the refuse of flax, MD ; 
hardes, Voc, Cath. ; heerdla, CM ; hyrd- 
jm, Prompt; heorden, dot., S.— AS. 
hear dan. 

Xerdes,//. lands, S ; see Brd. 

Here, sb. hair, S, CM, S3 ; her, Sa ; 
hear, S3, C3 ; heere, W, PP; hnn, S3 ; 
hare, MD ; hares, //., Sa ; harls, S3 ; 
heres, Ca ; heerie, W ; heirie, Wa.— AS. 
hSr; cp. OHG. hdr (Otfrid). 

Here, sb. hair-cloth, S, Sa ; halre, 
I Cath. ; hayre, Voc. ; heare, S ; heire, 
Wa, PP; heyre, C3, P, W; halgre, dot., 
S. — AS. h&re. 

Here, sb. host, army, S, Sa.— AS. here : 
Goth, harjis. 

Here, pron. of them, their, S, Sa, C, 
PP; her, S, S3, Ca, C3, PP; heore, S ; 
nuere, Sa ; hore, S ; hor, Sa ; hare, S, 



Ss ; hlr, Ca ; hire, S ; hern, heme, gen. 
theirs, W, Wa.— AS. hira (Juord). 

Here, pron. and pass. pron. her, C3, PP ; 
see Sire. 

Hered-men, sb. pi. retainers, S; see 

Heren, v. to hear, S, Ca ; hiren, to 
obey, S, MD ; huren, MD; hewen, S; 
hleren, MD, Sa ; heir, S3 ; heore*, 1 pr. 
pi., S ; herde,//. *., S, Sa, Ca ; herd, Sa ; 
hurde, Sa ; hard, S3 ; herden, pi, G ; 
hard, pp., S3 ; herd, Ca ; y-hyerd, Sa ; 
ihurd, Sa.— AS. hiran : OS. hdrian. 

Here>to;e, sb. leader of an army, MD ; 
heretoehe, S. — AS. heretoga; cp. G. herzog. 

Here-WOrd, sb. praise, S. 

Here-wnr&e, adj. worthy of praise, S. 

Herield, adj. given as a heriot, S3.— 
Low Lat. heregeldum, see Ducange (s. v. 
heriotum). See Heriet. 

Herien, v. to praise, S, Ca, C3 ; herie, 
W ; herje, S3, Sa ; i-heret,#., S.— AS. 
herian : Goth, hazjan. 

Herien, v. to harry, Sa ; see Harwell. 

Heriet, sb. a heriot, equipment falling 
to the lord of the manor on decease of a 
tenant, MD. — AS. heregeatu, military equip- 
ment. See Here, Herield. 

Hering, sb. herring, MD; herynffe, 
Sa (8 b. 46) ; elrlnge, Sa (probably an 
error). Cp. AF. harang. 

Heriynge, sb. praise, W; heryinge, Sa. 

Herken, v. to hark, MD ; herk, Sa. 

Herknen, v. to hearken, S, Ca ; hero- 
nen, herenl, S. — AS. hearcnian. 

Herknere, sb. listener, S3. 

Heriot, sb. acrobat, H ; see Harlot. 

Hermes, sb. pi. harms, damages, S ; see 

Hemnyne, sb. ermine, S ; ermine, S. — 
OF. hermine. 

Heme, sb. a corner, Sa, C3, P ; hlrne, 
S, PP, H, S3; hyrne, H ; hnrne, S, Sa ; 
hnirnee,//., Sa, PP.— AS. hyrne. 

Heme, sb. heron, Prompt. ; see Heron. 

Herne-panne, sb. scull, HD; see 

Hemes, brains, Sa ; see Karnes. 

Herneys, sb. armour, C ; see Harney*. 

Hemes, sb. pi. eagles, Sa ; see Brn. 

Heron, sb. heron, MD ; helronn, MD ; 
heyrone, MD; heronn, MD; heme, 
Prompt. ; heern, Prompt. ; heryn, 
Prompt. — OF. hairon : It. aghirone : 
OHG. heigero. 




Heronsewe, sb. a heron, a young 
heron, Ca, Cath. ; herunsew, HD ; hear- 
nesew, HD ; hernshaw, HD, SkD.— AF. 
hcrouncel (OF. heronceau). 

Eerre, sb. a hinge, Prompt., MD; 
harre, Cath., C ; bar, JD, Voc; herris, 
//., Wa ; hexxys,H. — AS. heorr\ cp. Icel. 

Eerre, sb. lord, master, MD; haxre, 
S. — AS. hcarra ; cp. OS. A/rw. 

Eerse, .r£. burden of a song, S3 ; see 

Eert, sb. hart, Sa, C, Ca, Wa ; hertes, 
//., Sa ; hertls, Wa, PP.— AS. heort, heo- 
rot, heorut ; see Brugmann, § 67. 5. 

Eerte, sb. heart, S, PP, Sa, Ca ; hairt, 
S3 ; hnrte, Sa ; huerte, Sa ; hierte, S ; 
heerte, S, PP ; hert, Sa ; hertes, //., S, 
Ca, C3 ; hertls, P.— AS. heorte; cp. Goth. 

Eerte-blood, sb. heart's blood, C3. 

Eerteles, adj. without courage, C ; 
hartlesse, S3 ; hertlea, foolish, Wa. 

Eertely, adj. hearty, MD ; hertly, Ca ; 
joyous, Wa. 

Eertely, adv. heartily, S3, Ca ; herte- 
liche, S. 

Eerte n, v. to cheer, HD, S3, S ; 
hertid, pp., wise, Wa. 

Eerte-spon, sb. brisket-bone, C. 

Eerting, sb. cheering, S. 

Eernest, sb. harvest, S, Sa, P. — AS. 

Eernest-trees, sb. pi. antumnal trees 
*= arbores autumnales, W. 

Ees, he, her ; see Be. 

Eesmel, sb. collar (?), S. 

Eesn, sb. command, MD ; hesne, pl. t 
S. — Formed from AS. h&s. See Heste. 

Eespe, sb. hasp ; see Hasp*. 

Eeste, sb. command, S, Sa, Ca, C3, 
PP ; has, S ; lies, S ; heat, S ; hease, 
dat.y S ; hese, pL S ; heste*, S, Sa, S3, 
Ca ; heestis, W ; hestene, gen., S.— AS. 

Eete, sb. heat, S, C3, PP ; haate, S ; 
heat, S; hit, S ; hate, dat., S.— AS. h<ktu. 

Eete, v . to heat, Cath., Sa.— AS. h<ktan. 

Eete, sb. hate, S.— AS. hete : OS. heti. 

Eetel, adj. hateful, cruel, horrible, MD. 

Eetelifaste, adv. cruelly, S. 

Eeten, v. to promise, MD, Sa, C3, H ; 
see Haten. 

Eeter, adj. rough, MD. 


Eeterly, adv. fiercely, violently, Sa ; 
hetterly, Sa; heterllohe, MD; hatter* 
liohe, S ; heatterllohe, S. 

Eeth, sb. heath, PP, CM ; heethe, dot., 
C— AS. h<kH ; cp. Icel. hettr. 

Eethen. adj. heathen, S, Sa, C3, PP; 
hathene, S; heattene, S; hs&eae, S. — 
AS. h<kden., 

EeSen, adv. hence, S, Sa, S3, H ; cffien, 
S.— Icel. hS6an. 

Eethenesse, sb. heathendom, S, C3, 
PP.— AS. hatiennis. 

Eethenlich, adv. in heathen manner, 

EeSing, sb. scoffing, scom, Sa, HD, 
CM ; hethyngis, //., H.— Icel. hading. 

Eette; see Haten. 

Eetyng, sb. promising, H. See Heten. 

Eeued, sb. head, S, Sa, PP; heaued, 
S; heanet, S; hafed, S; hnfedd, S; 
named, S ; hefed, S ; heened, Sa ; henet, 
S ; heed, Ca, C3, G, W ; heuede, dot., Sa ; 
hwfden, pl. f S ; henedes, Ca ; heniddes, 
Sa; hedes, C3; heedes, Ca, G; heedls, 
W.— AS. htafod. 

Eeued-cloS, sb. head-cloth, S. 

Eeued-snnne, sb. a capital sin, deadly 
sin, S ; hefed-sunne, S ; heaued-mnne, S. 

EeuegeSf pr. s. bears heavy on, S. — 
AS. hefigian. 

Eeuen, v. to heave, raise, S, Sa, C ; 
hone,//, s.. S, MD; houen,//., Sa, MD. 
— AS. hebban, pt. h6f, pp. hafen. 

Eeuene, sb. heaven, PP ; heouene, S ; 
heuen, Ca ; heoffness,£?*., S ; hewynnis, 
S3 ; heofene, dat., S ; heouene, S ; heoffne, 
S; hefene, S; henene, S, Ca; hefenen, 
//., S.— AS. heofon. 

Eeuenen, v. to raise, MD, Sa. See 

Eeuene-riche, sb. kingdom of heaven, 
S, Sa, P ; heonenerlehe, S ; heoueriehe, 
S ; henerlehe, S ; heofeneriche, S. — AS. 

Eeuen-king, sb. King of Heaven, S. 

Eeuenliche, adj. heavenly, S, C; 
heouenllch, S. 

Eeuy, adj. heavy, mournful, PP ; moles- 
tuSyW; henie, S; hen*, S; heuy, adv., 
W.— AS. kefig. 

Eeuyed, //. made heavy, W. 

Eeuynesse, sb. heaviness, grief, PP, 

Eew, sb. colour, S, Sa, S3; heou, S; 
hen, Sa : hu; ; Sa ; hu, Sa ; hiu, S ; heowe, 


dot., S ; liewe, S2, C2 ; hewes,//., colours 
for painting, C. — AS. hiw. 

Hewe, sb. servant, P, MD ; hewen, //., 
P, MD. — AS. hi wan, pi. domestics, from 
hiw, family. See Syne, Hired. 

Hewed, adj. hued, S3, C ; hwed, Sa. 

Hewen, v. to hew, knock, C, PP ; hiewh, 
//. s. t Sa. — AS. hiawan. 

Hey, adj. high ; see Heigh. 

Hey, sb. hay, Sa, Ca, C3, W ; hei, W ; 
had, S2 ; heye, W.^AS. hig (OET). 

Heyda, inter/, ho !. there, SkD ; hoigh- 
d*gh, S3.— Cp. G. heida. 

Heyne, <&#• as ^. despised, worthless 
person, C3, CM, MD; hehne, adj. dot., 
contemptible, S ; heme, //., poor, S. — AS. 
hian ; cp. Goth, hauns. 

Heyre, sb. hair-cloth, C3, P, W; see 

Heytke, sb. height, Prompt.; he^the, 
Sa; heyt, Sa; hycht, S3. Phr.\ on 
highte, aloud, C— AS. h/hdu. See Heigh. 

Se;e, adj. high ; see Heigh. 

Hi-, prefix ; see under 3e-. 

Hi, pron. noun and ace. they, S, Sa ; hy, 
S, Sa; i, S; hie, S; hii, S, Sa; hlj, P; 
hei, S; heo, S, S2; ho, S; he, S, S3 ; ha, 
S ; hue, Sa ; a, S2.— AS. hi {hig), hie, hio. 

Hi, pron. he, S ; hie, S ; see He. 

Hid, sb. privity =» absconditum, H (p. 96). 

Hidel, sb. secrecy, secret, MD ; hidils, 
H, W, HD. Phr.\ in hiddlis - {in 
occultd), W, Wa.— AS. hydels. 
* Hiden, v. to hide, PP ; see Huden. 

Hider, adv. hither, S, Sa, Ca, G, PP ; 
hyder, PP; hnder, PP; hidnr, HD.— 
AS. hider, hider. 

Hider-tO, adv. hitherto, S. 

Hider-ward, adv. hitherward, S, Sa, 

HidouSy adj. hideous, C ; hydns, Sa ; 
hydows, immanis, Prompt — OF. hidus 
(F. hideux). 

Hidousnesse, sb. horror, Wa. 

Hierte, sb. heart, S ; see Herte. 

Hight, Hint ; see Haten. 

Hih.6 ; see Heigh. 

Hi-heren, v. to hear, S.— AS. gi-hiran. 
See ;e. 

Hiht ; see Haten. 

Hihten ; see Hi^ten. 

Hil, sb. hill, S ; see Hal. 

Hilen, v. to cover, protect, S, Sa, W, H ; 
hnlen, S, Sa, PP ; hiled, pp., C, P, H ; 



hilid, W, H; hild, H; y-hyled, S3.— 
Icel. hylja. 

Hilere, sb. protector, H ; heyler, H. 

Hiling, sb. covering, Sa, W, Wa ; hil- 
ynge, H. 

"HxBCL 9 pron. dot. j.him, Ca\ 

Him-seluen, pron. himself, Ca, PP. 

Hindir, adj. comp. hinder, latter, S3; 
hinder, JD ; ender, S3. Phr. : this hyn- 
dyr nyeht, this night last past, S3 ; this 
ender daie, S3. — Icel. hindri, hinder, 

Hine, pron. ace. him, S ; hyne, S, Sa ; 
hin, S.— AS. hine. 

Hine, sb. servant, MD ; used of the Vir- 
gin Mary, MD ; pi., S, Sa ; hinen, S ; see 

Hine-hede, sb. service, Sa. 

Hirde, sb. shepherd, S, H; see Herde. 

Hirdnesse, sb. flocks under a shepherd's 
care, S. See Herde. 

Hire, pron. and pass. pron. her, S, Sa, 
C ; hure, PP, S ; here, C3, PP ; hir, Ca, 
C3, PP; ire, Sa; hires, hers, Sa, C3; 
hire-seine, herself, Sa ; hir-selue, Ca. — 
AS. hire (hyre). 

Hire, adv. here, G ; see Heer. 

Hired, sb. body of retainers, S, MD; 
hird, household, company, courtiers, S, 
MD. — AS. hired, household * hiw + rid. 
See Hewe. 

Hired-men, retainers, S ; hered- 
men, S. 

Hiren, v. to obey, S ; see Heren. 

Hirne, sb. corner, S, S3, PP, H; see 

Hirten, v. to hurt, dash against,. W, 
Wa; see Hnrten. 

Hirtyng, sb. stumbling, W, Wa ; hort- 
ynge, a at., hurting, H (p. 96). 

His, pron. f. ace. her, MD (p. 446), S ; 
hies, S; hes, S; ys, MD; is, Sa ; hyse, 

His, pron. pi. ace. them, S, Sa ; hise> 
Sa ; hes, S ; is, S, Sa : es, MD ; ys, MD. 

His, pron.posr. his, S, Sa ; hisse, Sa ; es, 
S ; is, S, Sa ; hise, //., S, W, PP ; hyse, 

Hit, pron. it, S, Sa ; hyt, Sa ; it, S, S2 ; 
hijt, Sa ; hit (used as gen.), Sa.— AS. hit. 

Hit, sb. heat, S ; see Hete. 

Hitten, v. to hit, Cath., PP, Sa ; hat- 
ten, MD; hitte,/l. s., cast down hastily, 
P j hntte, PP ; y-hyt,^., Sa.— Icel. hiita ; 
Goth, hinthan, to catch. 

i a 



Hi;, adj. high, W, S ; see Keiffb. 

Hi^en, v. to heighten, extol, W ; belen, 
S; bietb, pr. s., W; i-beied, pp., S (p. 
123) ; i-h»3ed, S ; beffbld, H. 

Hi; en, p. to hie, hasten, MD, W ; by;en, 
S2 ; byen, S3, PP ; bye, reflex., S2, C3 ; 
bi^ede, //. j., S, S2, S3, PP ; bijed, //., 
W ; bied, PP.— AS. higan, higian. 

Hi^ingli, adv. hastily, W. 

Hi3t ; see Haten. 

Hi;te, sb. delight, joy, S. — AS. hyht, 
joy ; cp. hihting, joy, exultation (Voc). 

Hi^ten, v. to rejoice, be glad, S. — AS. 
hyhtan ; cp. ge-hihtan (Voc). 

Hi^ten, v. to adorn, Trevisa, (1.41, 235 
and 2. 363) ; biffbt, HD ; bibten,//.//., S. 

Hitter, sb. embellisher, Trevisa, (1. 7). 

Hoball, sb. an idiot, S3 ; bobbil, HD. 
— Cp. Du. hobbelen, to toss, stammer, 

Ho-bestez, she-beasts, S2. See 

Hobie, sb. a kind of hawk, Manip. ; 
boby, Voc, Cath. ; bobby, HD ; bobies, 
//., S3.— Cp. OF. hobreau (Cotg.). 

Hod, sb. hood, S2, S3, PP; bode, C2, 
P ; see Hood. 

Hoddy-peke, sb. a hood-pick, HD; 
see Hnddy-peke* 

Hohfal, adj. anxious, MD; bobfulle, 
S. — AS. hohful, from hogu, care. 

Hoise, v. to hoist, lift up, WW ; hoyse, 
S3 ; hyoe, Palsg. ; byae,Palsg. ; boiffbeed, 
//., WW.— Cp. ODu. hyssen, G.hissen, 
Du. hijschen, also F. hisser. 

Hok, sb. hook, MD ; boo, S2 ; bokes, 
//., P.— AS. hdc. 

Hoked, adj. provided with a hook, P ; 
i-hoked, hooked, S. 

Hoker, sb. mockery, scorn, MD; bokexe, 
dot., S ; bokeree,//., S.— AS. hdcor. 

Hoker-lahter, sb. the laughter of scorn, 

Hokerliche, adv. scornfully, S. 

Hokerunge, sb. scorn, MD; bokerr- 
inge, dot., S. 

Hokkerye ; see Hnkkerye. 

Hold, sb. a stronghold, C3. 

Hold, adj. inclined to any one, gracious, 
friendly, S; bolde, //., S2.— AS. hold-. 
Goth, hulps. 

Holdelike, adv. graciously, S2. 

Holden, v. to hold, observe, keep, con- 
sider, S, S 2, PP ; bealden, S; balden, S, 


52, PP; balden, S; belde, S; balst, a 
pr. j., S ; balt,/r. s., S, S2, S3, C2 ; ballt, 
S; banld, //., S3; baldes, baldls, imp. 
//.,S2; beold,//. s., S ; beeld,Ca; bield, 
S2 ; bnld, S2 ; beoldon, //., S ; beolden, 
S; beolde, S; belde, C2, PP ; blelden, 
S ; bnlde, S2 ; i-balden, pp., S ; balden, 
S2 ; i-bolde, S, S2 ; bolden, S,Ca ; bolde, 
beholden, S2 ; kept, C2 ; y-bolde, S2, C3 ; 
y-bolden, P ; i-bialde, S.— AS. healdan. 

Hole, pp. covered ; see Helen. 

Hole, adj. whole, C3; //., entire, ie. 
neatly mended up, P ; see Hool. 

Hole-foted, adj. whole-footed (i.e. web- 
footed), S2. 

Hole-ly, adv. wholly, P ; bolly, S2, C ; 
bollycbe, S3 ; bolUcbe, PP ; bollebe, PP. 

Holi, adj. holy, S, PP ; boly, PP ; ball, 
S, S2; beali,S; ali, S ; ball*, S ; ball^ne, 
S ; balicbe, adv., S.— AS. hdlig. 

Holi-cherche, sb. Holy Church, P; 
boliklrke, P. 

Holi-dai, sb. holiday, PP; baliday, P. 

Holi-gOSt, sb. Holy Ghost, PP ; balU 

Holle, sb. hull of a ship, SKD (p. 811), 
MD, Voc, Prompt.— AS. holh. C£ Hoi we. 

Holly, sb. holly, MD; nolle, S; boly, 
Prompt. See Holyn. 

Holpen, pp. ; see Helpen. 

HoUromliche, adv. wholesomely, S. 
See Hool. 

Holt, sb. a wood, wooded hill, grove, 
MD ; bolte, C, PP ; boltes, //., S3, PP.— 
AS. holt (OET.). 

Holwe, adj. hollow, C3, PP ; bowe, pi, 

53, JD.— Cp. AS. holh, a hollow. 
Holyn, sb. holly, S (p. 116), Voc, MD, 

Cath. ; bolin, S (p. 116); bollen, MD.— 
AS. holen, holegn. 

Holyn-bery, sb. holly-berry, Cath. 

Homage, sb. men, retainers, vassalage, 
S.— OF. homage. 

Homicyde, sb. assassin, C2. — AF. 
homicide ; Lat. homicida (Vulg.). 

Homicyde, sb. manslaughter, murder, 
C3. — OF. homicide ; Lat. homicidium 

Homliche, adj. meek, domesticus, W ; 
bomeli, W; bamly, adv. familiarly, 
heartily, H. See Hoom. 

Homlinesse, sb. domesticity, C2 ; 
bamlynes, intimacy, H. 

Homward, adv. homeward, S, C2. 

Hon-; see also under ; 


Hond, sb. hand, S, S2, Ca. See Hand. 

Hond-fest,//. fastened by the hands,G. 

Honest, adj. honourable, worthy, Ca, 
C3, PP; onest, W; oneste, W.— OF. 
koneste ; Lat. homstum. 

Honestetee, sb. honourableness, Ca. 

Honestly, adv. honourably, C3. 

Hong, pt. s. hung ; see Han gen. 

Hongede, pt. s. hung ; see Han gen (2). 

Honour, sb. honour, MD ; honor, Sa. 
— OF. honur ; Lat. honor em. 

Hononre, v. to honour, PP, Ca ; oxrari, 
S ; honur, Sa ; annrl, S ; ononrynge, 
pr. p., W ; annret, imp. pi., S ; annrode,, S; aimred,^., S; ononrid, Wa. — 
OF. honorer (pnurer) ; Lat. honarare. 

Hony, sb. honey, PP, W.— AS. hunig. 

Hony-SOCle, sb. honeysuckle, Prompt. ; 
locusta, Prompt. 

Hony-SOUke, sb. chervil, cerifolium, 
Voc. ; serpillum, pellitory, Voc. ; locusta, 
Voc,; hony soukia, //. { = locustae), W. — 
AS. hunigstige, privet, also hunisuce (Voc.). 

Hood, sb. hood, PP, MD; hud, MD; 
hod, Sa, S3, PP; hode, Ca, MD, P; 
hoode, Ca ; hnde, Cath.— AS. hdd. 

Hool, adj. whole, Ca, W, PP ; hoi, S, 
Sa, PP ; hool©, Sa, S3 ; hole, C3 ; hal, S. 
—AS. hdl; cp. Icel. heill. Cf. Kail. 

Hoolsnm, adj. wholesome, W; hol- 
■ome, S3 ; holanm, S. — Cp. Icel. heilsamr. 

Hoom, sb. home, CM ; horn, S, Sa ; 
om, S ; ham, S ; horn, adv., Sa, Ca ; 
hoom, Ca ; haym, S3 ; hoame, S3 ; 
whome, S3. — AS. hdm, nom. and dat. 
loc., see Sievers, 337. 

Hoor, adj. hoar, gray, C3; hor, PP; 
hor©,//., S3, G, P.— AS. hdr. 

Hoornesse, sb. hoariness, Wa. 

HOOS, adj. hoarse, PP ; ho*, PP; hooao, 
Wa ; hors, PP ; hora©, CM ; have, H.— 
AS. Ads ; cp. G. heiser. 

Hoot, adj. hot, C3; hat, S; hate, S; 
hot, PP ; hote, adv., Sa ; hater©, comp., 
S ; hattnre, S.— AS. hdt; cp. G. heiss. 

Hope, sb. hope, MD; hoip, S3. — AS. 

Hopen, v. to hope, MD; hop©, to 
think, expect, H. 

Hopper, sb. a seed-basket, HD ; hoper, 
P; hopyr, corn-basket, Voc.; hoppyr, 
farricapsa tnolendini, Cath. 

Hoppesteres, sb. pi. dancers (viz. the 
ships), MD, C. — AS. hoppestre. 

Hord, sb. hoard, Sa, C3 ; horde, S, PP. 



—AS. hord: Goth, huzd; cp. Lat. custos, 
see Brugmann, § 469. 

Horde-hoW8 9 sb. treasury, HD. 

Hordere, sb. treasurer, SD.— AS. hor- 
dere (Voc). 

Horder-wice, sb. the office of trea- 
surer; horderwyoan, S. 

Hore, sb. whore, PP; hoor©, W, Wa; 
horia,//., W ; hooria, W.— Icel. hdra. 

Horedom, sb. whoredom, PP ; hordom, 
S, Sa. — Icel. hdrddmr. 

Horeling, sb. fornicator, MD; hor- 
lingea, S. 

Hori, adj. dirty, MD; hoory, MD. — 
AS. horig. 

Horlege, sb. time-teller, clock, Cath. 
See Orologe. 

Horlege-loker, sb. a diviner, haruspex, 

Horowe, adj. foul, unclean, CM.— From 
AS. horh, filth (gen. horwes). 

TLovwed, pp. as adj. unclean, Sa. 

HOTS, sb. horse, S; //., S, Ca, PP; 
hora©, PP ; horaua, PP.— AS. hors. 

Horse-COrser, sb. horse-dealer, S3. 

Hor sly, adj. horselike, Ca. 

Horte, sb. hurt, S3. See Hurt©. 

Horten, v. to hurt, MD ; see Hnrten. 

Hortjnge, sb. hurting, H (p. 96) ; sec 

Hosel, sb. the Eucharist, MD ; see 

Hoseli, v. to housel, Sa ; see Hnal«n. 

Hosen, sb. pi. stockings, S, Ca, G ; 
hooals, W. — AS. hosan, pi. 

HosMns, sb. pi. gaiters, S3; hok- 
ahynea, S3. 

Hoste, sb. host, entertainer, MD ; see 

Hostel, sb. lodging, MD ; see OsteL 

Hostellere, sb. inn-keeper, P; see 

Hostelrie, sb. inn, C ; see Oatolri©. 

Hosterj, sb. inn, MD ; see Ost©ry. 

Hoten, v. to bid, promise, MD; see 

Hon, adv. how, Sa, PP ; hw, S ; hwn, 
S ; wm, S, Sa ; hu, S, Sa ; whon, S3 ; 
whon^ S3 ; wou3, S3.— AS. htl. Cf. Hwi. 

Honoh-senons, sb. pi. hock-sinews, 
S3 ; see Hou^-aonne. 

Honge, adj. huge, WW ; see Mage. 

Honnd, sb. hound, dog, MD. Ca ; huad, 
S ; hunde, dat., S.— AS. hund. 


Hound-fle^e, sb. dog-fly, cinomia, MD ; 
hnnd-fleghe, H ; hnndeflee, Cath. ; 
hnndfle, H.— AS. hundesfiioge (Voc.). 

Houre, sb. hour, MD ; our, S3, S3 ; 
oware, S3 ; honres, pl.> hours, devotions 
at certain hours (see librae in Ducange), 

52, P; onres, P; honris, orisons, songs 
of praise, S3 ; vrea, S. — AF. houre, OF. 
hore (eure, ure) ; Lat. hora. 

H0U8, sb. house, also a term in astro- 
logy, PP, S2, Ca ; hns, S.— AS. hits. 

Housbond, sb. the master of a house, 
husband, C2, C3, G; honsebond, PP; 
hosebonde, farmer, PP ; husband, S, S2, 
S3 ; hnsbonde, S ; fcnsebonde, S. — Icel. 

Housbonderye, sb. economy, P; 
honsbondry, C ; hosbonndrie, PP ; hus- 
bandry, Sh. 

HouS-COppiS, house-tops, W2. 

Housel, sb. the Eucharist, CM; see 

Honselen, v. to housel, CM; see 

House-wif, sb. house-wife, PP ; fcose- 
wynes,//., W. 

Houten, v. to hoot, PP; fcowten, 
Prompt. ; hnten, MD ; y-howted, //., 
PP. — Cp. OSwed. hula, with which is re- 
lated OF. huter {huer). 

Hoil^-senue, sb. hock-sinew, MD; 
nonohsenons, //., S3. — AS. hoh-sinu ; cp. 
Icel. hd-sin. 

Hone, ib. hoof, ungula, MD; hnfe. 
Cath., MD ; honys,//., MD ; hoenes, S3, 
—AS. hdf. 

Houe-dannce, sb. a court-dance, HD, 
MD, Caxton (Reynard, p. 54). Cp. ODu. 

Houen, v. to wait about, remain, S, Sa, 

53, P ; hnfe, S3. 

Howe, sb. high hill, tumulus ; how, H 
(P- 374S J D ; howis,//.,H.— Icel. haugr. 

Howfe, sb. hood, coif, tena y Cath. ; 
howne, P, CM, Ca (p. 178) ; bonne, PP; 
bonnes,//., Sa, P.— AS. hiife. 

Hoxterye, sb. retail-dealing, Sa, PP ; 
see Hnksterle. 

Huche, sb. hutch, clothes-box, a chest, 
the ark of Israel, Prompt., H, MD ; 
hnoche, P, HD ; hntche, Prompt.— OF. 

Hud, sb. hood, MD ; see Hood. 

Hnddy-peke, sb. a hood-pick, one who 
thieves cut of a man's hood, simpleton, S3 ; 


hndplk, S3 (p. 43 a) ; hoddypeke, S3 (p. 
431), HD. 

Hude, sb. hide, S; hide, MD; fcidra, 
/)/., Sa.— AS. hid\ OS. htid; cp. Lat. 

Huden, v. to hide, S, PP; hidem, S, 
PP ; hnyden, PP; hyde, C3 ; hnide, S ; 
hnd, imp. s., S ; hit, pr. s., Ca ; hnt, 
MD ; hndde, pt. s., PP; hidde, Ca, PP ; 
y-hid, //., C3; i-hnd, S; hidd, S; 
hndde, S. — AS. hydan. 

Hndinge, sb. concealment, Sa. 

Hue, sb. a loud cry, SkD, Sh.— AF. hu. 
See Honten. 

Huerte, sb. heart, Ss ; see Herte. 

Hnfe, sb. hoof, Cath., MD ; see Hone. 

Hnfe, v. to hover about, S3 ; see 

Huge. adj. huge, MD; ho?e, MD; 
hngie, S3 ; honge, WW ; hogge, HD, 

Hugely, adv., hugely, greatly, Cath. 

Hnide, v. to hide, S ; see Hnden. 

Hnirnes, sb. pi. comers, S3, PP ; see 

Hukken, v. to hawk, to retail, Voc ; 
hnoke, Palsg. — Cp. ODu. huken, to stoop 
down (Du. heuken, to retail). 

Hukker, sb. a hawker, retailer of small 
articles, Voc. — Cp. Du. heuker. 

Hukkerye, sb. retail dealing, PP; 
hokkerye, PP. 

Hnkster, sb. huckster, Voc., MD, Cath.; 
hnkkester, Voc. ; hokester, MD. 

Hnksterie, sb. retail dealing ; nnokns- 
trye, PP ; hoxterye, S3, PP. 

Hul, sb. hill, S3, PP, Voc. ; nil, S ; 
hlUe, dat., S ; hnUe, S ; //., S ; holies, 
S3, P ; hlUes, MD.— AS. hyll. 

Hnlden, v. to flay, MD, S3; hild, 
HD; helden, MD; hylt, pp., HD. — 
AS. (be)hyldan, to flay, skin; cp. Icel. 

Hole, sb. a hull, husk, covering of grain 
or nuts, PP ; hole, Prompt. ; hoole, 
Prompt., SkD (p. 811). 
Hulpen ; see Helpen. 

Hnly, adj. slow, moderate, JD ; hoolie, 
JD. — Icel. hdgligr, adj. 

Hnly, adv. slowly, H ; holy, H.— Icel. 

Hulynes. sb. slowness, H ; hnlinesm, 

Humble, adj. humble, MD; hnmyll, 
S3.— OF. humble, humile ; Lat humilcm. 


Hnmblesse, sb. humility, Sa, Ca, C3. 

Homilitee, sb. humility, Ca. 

Hund, sb. hound, S ; see Hound. 

Hond-fle, sb. dog-fly, H ; see Honnd- 

Hundred, num. hundred, S, P, Cath. ; 
hnndret, S ; hondrett, P ; honored, Sa ; 
hnndereth, Sa ; hnndreth, WW.— Icel. 

Hnndred-feald, hundredfold, S. 

Hunger, sb. hunger,famine, S ; hnng»r, 
S ; honker, Sa ; hnnffre, dot., S. — AS. 

Hnnger-bitten, adj. famished, WW. 

Hungren, v. to hunger, S ; hnngrede, 
pt. s., was hungry, S. — AS. hyngran. 

Hnngri, adj. hungry, S. — AS. hun 

Hnnte, sb. hunter, S, C; honte, C. — 
AS. hunta (Voc). 

Hnnten, v. to hunt, S, Ca. — AS. 

Hnnteresse, sb. huntress, C. 

HunteS, sb. a hunting, MD ; honteft, 
Sa, MD.— AS. hunta. 

Hunting, sb.; an hnnttnge, on hunting, 
a-hunting, S, Ca ; on hontyng, C. 

Hupe, sb. hip, MD ; nape, MD ; hnpes, 
pi., CM, MD ; h - 




hipea, C ; hipia, W.— AS. 

Happen, v. to leap, dance, jump, MD ; 
hnpte,//. s., S, Sa.— Cp. G. hup/en. 

Hnrde, sb. keeper, S ; see Herde. 

Horde, pt. s. heard, Sa ; see Heron. 

Hare, adv. at least ; hnre and hnre, at 
intervals, S, MD ; hux and hnr, fre- 
quently, S.— AS. huru, at least. Cf. X* 

Hnre, sb. hire, S, Sa, G, PP ; hnire, S, 
Sa, P; hnyre, P.— AS. hyr. 

Hnren, v. to hire, MD ; hnyre, ger. t 
G ; byre, G ; knrede, pt. s., S ; hyred, 

pp., Ca; hnyred, P; ihnret, Sa.— AS. 

Hnrkelen, v. to stoop down, crouch, 
rest, MD; hnrUe, HD; hnrkled,//. s. f 

Hnrlen, v. to rush, dash against, hurl, 
Sa, C3, Wa ; hnrUe, PP ; hnrliden, //. 
pl. y threw down, W. 

Home, sb. corner, S, Sa ; see Heme. 

Hurrok, sb. oar (?), Sa, MD. — Cp, 
orruck-holes, oar-drawing holes (?), in the 
Norfolk dialect, cited in MD. 

Hnrte, sb. hurt, collisio, Cath. ; hurt, 
PP, Ca ; hortis,//., S3. 

Hnrten, v. to dash against, push, in- 
jure, MD, Prompt, PP; horten, MD ; 
hlrten, W, Wa ; y-hnrt, //., Sa, S3.— 
OF. hurter. 

Hnrtlen, v. to dash against, rattle, dash 
down, C, W, Wa. 

Hnschen, v. to hush, MD ; hnssen, 
MD; hnmht, pp., MD; hoioht, MD ; 
Hut, pp., C. 

Hnsel, sb. the sacrifice of the Eucharist* 
S ; honsel, CM ; hosel, MD.— AS. htisel. 

Hnslen, v. to administer the Eucharist, 
MD ; hoMli, Sa ; honlen, S ; honaelen, 
CM ; hnseled, pp., houseled, S ; hosled, 
S ; y-honsled, Sa. 

Hns-lewe, sb. house-shelter, S; see 

Hu3rre, sb. ; see Hnre. 

Hy, adj. high ; see Heifffar. 

Hye f sb. haste, Sa, S3, CM, C3; hie, 
MD ; heye, MD ; hegh, H. 

Hyen, v. to hasten, S3, PP ; see Hljen. 

Hyne, sb. domestic, servant, hind, Sa, 
P, C3, W; nine (used of the Virgin 
Mary), MD; hind, Sh.; nine, //., S, Sa ; 
hlnen, S. — Cp. AS. hlna man, a man of 
the domestics. Hlna, also written hlwna, 
gen. pi. of hlwan, domestics. See Hewe. 

I (vowel). 
[For words in which initial I has the sound o/J 9 see under I (consonant) Mow]. 

I-, prefix; see }e-. 

lade, pt. s. went, S ; leden, //., S ; see 

I-bede, sb. prayer, S ; ibeden, //., S.— 
AS. gebed. See Bede. 

I-bere, sb. noise, S.— AS. geb&re, ges- 
ture, cry : OS. gi-bdri. 

I-beten, v. to amend, S. — AS. ge-bitan. 

I-biden, v. to have to do with, S.— AS. 

I-biten, v. to bite, eat, taste, S.— AS, 

I-blissien, v. reflex, to rejoice, S.— AS. 




I-bod, sb. command, S.— AS. ge-bod. 

Z-bon, pp. prepared, adorned, S. — AS. 
ge-biin, pp. of ge-btian. See Bonn. 

I-borhen, pp. saved, S ; ibore^e, S ; 
ibornwen, S ; see Beigen. 

I-bmcen, v. to enjoy, S.— AS. ge- 

I-bmsted,//. made bristly, S. 

Z-bnre8 9 pr. s. (it) behoveth, S.— -AS, 

I-bure^en, v. to deliver, S.— AS. ge 

+ borgian. See Borwen. 

Zch, pron. I, S, Sa, S3, C2 ; toe, S ; ik, 
P; hie, S ; hy, S2 ; to, S ; in, S : ihc, S; 
y, S, W, W2. Comb. : ichabbe, I have, 
S2 ; ichani, I am, S2 ; lehane, I have, S2 ; 
icholle, I will, S2 ; tohenoUe, S2 ; tonnlle, 
S2, S; icnim, I + him, S; tohot, I wot, 
S2 ; ychabbe, I have, S2 ; yoham, I am, 
S2.— AS. ic\ cp. OHG. ih (Otfrid). 

Z-cbaped, pp. furnished with a chape. 
C. See Chape. 

Z-cnowen, v. to know, S.— AS. ge- 
endwan. See Xnowen. 

Z-COren, //. chosen, S ; see Cnesen. 

I-cnndur, adj. comp. more natural, S ; 
see 3e-eende. 

Z-CWede,//. spoken, S ; see Qnetten. 

I-CWeme, adj. pleasing, S.— AS. ge- 

I-CWemen, v. to please, S; i-qneme, 
S ; i-qnemde, pt. s., S. — AS. ge-cwiman. 

Zdel, adj. idle, empty, useless, S ; ydel, 
S, C2, P; idnl, W. Phr.-. an ydel, in 
vain, P; on idel, S. — AS. idel; cp. 
OHG. /^/(Tatian). 

Idellicbe, adv. idly, SD ; ydelly, C3. 

Idelnesse, sb. idleness, S ; idelnlsse, 
S2. — AS. idelnis. 

Idiot e, sb. unlearned person, a man not 
holding public office, TG, PP ; ydiot, W ; 
ideot, Cotg. ; ydiote, PP.— OF. idiot, one 
that hath no charge in a commonwealth, 
an unprofitable person, a ninny, a natural 
fool (Cotg.) ; Lat. idiota (Vulg.) ; Gr. 
iSidrnis, ignorant (NT), lit. one occupied 
with ret 18ia his private affairs, from ukos, 
one's own. 

Z-dreaned,^. troubled, S ; see Drony. 

Z-f&ied, pp. hated, SD; 1-naid, S; 
i-veeid, SD. — AS. ge-fioged, pp. of ge- 
ftogan, to hate. 

Z-fellen,?. to fell, SD ; i-umlp. pr. pi., 
S; yfelde,//. s., S; Ifnlde, S.— AS. ge- 
fellan. 6 


I-fere, sb. a fellow-farer, companion, 
comes, S; se-feren, //., S; i-fexea, S; 
i-neren, S; y-fere, S; i-nexe, S.— AS. 


I-feren, adv. together, S; see In, 

I-finden, v. to find, S; i-nlnden, S; 
i-nynde, S; y-ffrnde, C2. — AS. ge- 


I-fon, v. to tike; 1-no, S; ifoS,, 
S.- AS. ge-f6n. See Pon. 

I-fnlde,//. s. felled, S ; see I-fellen. 

lgadn,prep. and adv. against, again, Ss ; 
see A;eln. 

Igain-sawe, sb. contradiction, S2. Cf. 

Z-gistned, pp. lodged, S2 ; see Gestnen. 

Z-gon, v. to go, S.— AS. ge-gdn. 

Z-gr»tten f //. pi. saluted, S ; iffret, 
pp., S (7. 105).— AS. gegritton, pt. pi. of 
gritan. See Greten. 

Z-grede f sb. shouting, clamour, S. See 

Z-healden, v. to hold, keep, S ; inoide, 
S. — AS. ge-healdan. See Holden. 

I-hende, adv. near, S.— AS. ge-hende ; 
see Hende. 

I-heorted, adj. in phr. ; nele ineorted, 
proud-hearted, S. 

Z-heren f v. to hear, S ; inure, S, Sa ; 
hi-neren, S ; ynyren, S2 ; insorde, pt. s. t 
S ; lnorde, S.— AS. ge heran. 

I-hold, sb. fortress, hold, S.— AS. gt- 
heald. See Hold. 

Z-holde ; see X-healden. 

I-hudeket, pp. hooded, S. See Xood. 

Z-hnre ; see X-heren. 

Z-hwnlen, v. to be at leisure, S. See 

Tk,pron. I, P. See Ion. 

Z-latet, adj. visaged, S. See X*te. 

-ild, suffix. As in heggUd, MD ; cneap- 
ild, S ; fostrild, MD. 

Zle, sb. isle, S, S2, C3 ; yle, C2, PP, S3. 
— OF. He, isle ; Lat. insula. 

Z-leaded,//. fitted with lead, S. 

Z-leane, sb. leave, S2.— AS. ge-Uaf. 

I-ledene, sb. pi. of one's people, com- 
patriots, S.— AS. ge-liod. See fceode. 

Z-leoten, v. to fall to one's lot, SD ; 
iloten,//., befallen, S.— AS. ge-hUotan, to 
share, get ; pp. ge-hloten. See lot. 

Iles-piles, hedgehogs, S ; ilapilee, 
S (»). Properly « the quills of the hedge- 


hog • ; AS. //, igel, hedgehog (OET) +///, a 
dart (Grein) ; Lat. pilum. 

I-let6, sb. face, demeanour, S. Cp. ODu. 
ge-ldt. See Letta. 

Z-lethered f adj. made of leather, S. 

I-lene, sb. belief; i-larfe, SD ; i-leave, 
SD; 1-lenen, pi., S.— AS. ge-Uafa; cp. 
OHG. giloubo (Otfrid). 

I-lenen, v. to believe, S, Sa ; lief, imp. 
s., S. — AS. ge-Ufan, ge-Uefan : Goth. ga~ 
laubjan ; cp. OHG. gi-louben (Otfrid). Cf. 

Ilich, adj. like, S ; Ulene, S; ylyene, 
S2 ; ylike, S3 ; illk, S ; Ulkest, superl, 
S.— AS. £*-//<:. 

Hiche 9 adv. alike, S ; ilyche, S ; ylicke, 
Ca; ylyke, Ca ; ellcne, S3; elyk, S3; 
felloe, S.— AS. ge-llce. Cf. Allohe. 

Iliche, sb. an equal, likeness, S ; Hike, S. 

like, adj. the same, S, G, C3, Sa, S3, 
Ca, H ; ilk, H ; lice, S; ulke, S; yche, 
S2. — AS. ilea (ylcd) = i-lic ; with *- cp. 
Goth, ei, Lat. 1- in i-dem, see Grimm, 
German Grammar, 3. 50, Fick, 3. 728. 

XUe, adj., sb. bad, ill, S ; ylle, Sa ; )» 
ille, the evil one, i. e. the devil, S. Comb.: 
11 toned, perverse, Sa.— Icel. illr (illr). 

Ille, adv. badly, S, HD. 

Ille, v. to make wicked ; Ulid, //. pi, 
H.— Icel. ilia, to harm. 

IllTLSter, adj. illustrious, JD; Ulnstare, 
S3.— OF. illustre; Lat. illustrem. 

I-lolden, v. to observe, S; lloken, S.— 
AS. ge-l6cian. 

I-lome, adv. frequently, S, Sa ; yloxne, 
Sa. — AS. ge-l6me. Cf. Lome. 

I-lomp,//. s. happened, S; see ^ellmpen. 

I long, adv. S, NED (p. 350) ; longe, 
Sa. Phr. : al Hong 1 of, entirely belonging 
to, dependent on, owing to, S; long 1 on, 
C3, Sa ; all long ot, long of, Sh. — AS. 
gelang, belonging, depending, gelang on, 
gelang at, because of, owing to. Cf. 
A-long. (A- 6.) 

I-loten,^. befallen, S. — AS. ge-kloten, 
pp. of ge-hliotan, to share. See Z-leoten. 

I-melen, v. to speak, S.— AS. ge-m&lan. 

I-membred, pp. parti-coloured, S.— 
Cp. OF. membre (Cotg.), and see Ducange 
(s.v. membrare). See Membre. 

I-mene, adj. common, S. — AS. ge-mane. 

I-mid, in the midst, Sa ; l-middee, S. 

I-mongi prep, among, S, SD ; lmange, 
Sa.- — AS. ge-mang ; see NED (s. v. among). 

Impayable,^'. implacable, H. (In- 3.) 

INNEN. 121 

Impne, sb. hymn, Prompt. ; lmne, 
Prompt. ; ympne, W, CM ; ympnes, pi., 
Wa ; ympnys, HD.— OF. ymne (Ps. 64. 
1) ; Lat. hymnus (Vulg.) ; Gr. vfivos. 

Importable,^', intolerable, Ca.— Lat. 
importabilis. (In- 3.) 

In-, prefix (1), representing the Eng. 
prep. in. See In. 

In-, prefix (a), standing for the Latin 
prefix in-, which is the prep, in in com- 

In-, prefix (3), the negative Latin prefix 
in-, equivalent to Eng. un-. See Un-. 

In, sb. dwelling, lodging, abode, S, S3, 
Ca, C3 ; bin, S ; ynne, S3 ; lnne, dot., S. 
— AS. inn. 

In, prep, in, into, on, S, Sa, PP ; nln, 
S ; I, S, SD. Comb. : ln-fexe, together, 
MD (p. 104), C3, Sa, S3 ; yfere, Sa, S3,Ca ; 
In feere, G ; Inere, S ; lfexen, S ; i- while, 
while, H ; ywnlls, H ; ewhlls, H ; In- 
like, in like manner, H; ln-lleh, inly, 
SD ; i-mid, in the midst, Sa ; Imlddes, S ; 
ymydls, H ; ln-mongei, among, Sa ; 1- 
twix, betwixt, meanwhile, H; in-with, 
within, S, Ca, B. 

Inche, sb. inch, Prompt., Cath. ; enenee, 
pi., S3.— AS. ynce (SkD); Lat uncia, 
ounce, inch. Cf. Onnoe. 

Incontinent, adj. incontinent; adv. 
immediately, S3, Sh. (In- 3.) 

Influence, sb. influence of the planets, 
SkD.— OF. influence (Cotg.); Late Lat. 
influent ia. (In- a.) 

Influent, adj. possessing influence (as- 
trology), S3. — Lat. influentem, pr. p. of 
influere, to flow into. (In- a.) 

Inforce, v. reflex, to strive, S3. (In- a.) 

Infortnnat, adj. unlucky, Sa, C3. 
(*»- 3-) 

Infbrtnne, sb. misfortune, Ca. (In- 3.) 

Ingot, sb. mould for pouring metals 
into, C3, SkD. (In- 1.) 

In-hinen, sb. pi. indoor-members of a 
household, S. See Klne. 

In-like, in like manner, H. 

Inne, prep., adv. into, in, S, Sa, PP, Ca ; 
lne, S, Sa ; ynne, Sa ; lnre, adj. comp., 
inner, S; lnerere, pi., H; lnnresst, 
superl., S ; innemest, SkD ; ynneste, Wa. 
— AS. inne t comp. innera, superl. innemest, 
see Sievers, 314. 

Inne, dot. of in, sb. 

Innen, prep, within, into, SD, S. — AS. 




Innen, v. to lodge, C ; ynnen, C. — AS. 

InnoS, sb. womb, S. — AS. innott. 

Inobedience, sb. disobedience, S, W. 
— Late Lat. inobedientia (Vulg.). (In- 3.) 

Inobedient, adj. disobedient, S2. — 
Late Lat. inobedientem (Vulg.). (In- 3.) 

Inoh, enough, S ; innoh, S ; lnow, S ; 
inonn, S ; inou, S2 ; ino?e, S ; lno^h, S ; 
inonffh. C; lnnoffhe, Sa; lnonwe, //., 
Sa ; see Tnow. 

Inpassyble, adj. incapable of suffering, 

H. cm- 3.) 

Inpossible, adj. impossible, Sa, PP.— 
Late Lat. impossibilis {in-). (In- 3.) 

In-ras, sb. inroad, H. (In- 1.) 

Innnctment, sb. ointment, S3. — From 
Lat. inunctus, pp. of in-ungere, to anoint. 
(In- a.) 

In-with, within, S, Ca, B. 

In-wyt, sb. conscience, consciousness, 
Sa ; lnwit, PP; ynwitt, PP.— AS. inwit, 
craft. (In- 1.) 

I-orne,/A run, S ; see Bennen. 

Zpotaynes, hippopotamuses, Sa. 

I-queme, v. to please, S; see I- 

Irchon, sb. hedghog, Sa; urchon, 
Prompt. ; urchone, Palsg. ; urchin, Sh. ; 
vrchuns, //., H; irchonns, Wa.— OF. 
irefon, erefon ; Late Lat. *ericioneniy from 
Lat. ericius y from her ; cp. Gr. \i)p, hedg- 
hog, see SkD (s.v. formidable). 

Iren, sb. iron, S, Cath. ; yren, C3, PP ; 
iron, Wa ; yrnn, W, W2 ; yre, S2 ; 
yrens, //., P ; yrnes, P.— OMerc. iren 
(OET): WS. isern: OHG. isarn; cp. 
Olr. iarn : Gaulish isarnos. 

Iren, ad], iron, ferreusy SD, Cath. ; 
irnene,//., S.— OMerc. irenx WS. isern, 
see OET. 

I-reste, sb. rest, S.— AS. ge-rest. 

Irisse, adj. Irish, S ; Yrlsse, S ; Irish, 
S ; Brsche, S3.— AS. irisc. 

Is, pr. s. is, S ; his, S, Sa ; es, S, Sa, 
H ; esse, Sa.— AS. is. 

Ische, v. to issue, cause to issue, JD ; 
Uoh, B; iscnit,//. s. t S3, B.— OF. issir ; 
Lat. ex-ire. 

I-secgan, v. to confess; imec&K, pr. s. t 
S. — AS. ge-secgan, 

I-sechen, v. to seek; iso;ta, pt. pl. t S. 
— AS. ge-skan. 

I-selSe, sb. happiness, S.— AS. ge-s&W. 
See Selfa. 

I-sene, adj. evident, seen, S; y-i 
S3, C.— AS. gesyne. Cf. Bene. 

I-8eon, v. to see, S; i-seo, Sa ; i-slen, 
S; y-se, Sa ; i-si,S; y-*i, Sa ; i-se, Sa ; 
y-iy, Sa ; i-seonne, ger. t S ; i-seo, 1 /r. 
s. y S ; i-seott, pr. s., S ; i-ss#, S ; i-sUiff, 
S; i-sf8, S; i-sist, 2 pr. s.,S; i-s»n, //. 
s. f S; i-seh, S; 1-seln, S; i-seyh, S; 
L-sey, Sa ; i-se}, S ; 1-sei, Sa ; y-sey, Sa ; 
i-se;, 1 pt* s --> Sa ; i-se^e pe, 2 pt. s., Sa ; 
i-seien,//., S; i-seyen, S; l-se;e, S, Sa ; 
i-saye, Sa ; y-se;en, Sa ; 1-senen, pp., 
S ; 1-seien, S ; y-seye, Sa ; y-so^e, ISa ; 
y-so3e, Sa. — AS. ge-sion. 

I-Bet, pp. said, S (3a. 93) ; see Seffgen. 

I-sih.Se, sb. sight, S ; sesetiSs, S.— AS. 

Isle, sb. glowing ashes, faznlla, HD ; 
isyl, Prompt. ; iselle, Cath. ; easle, HD ; 
ysels, //., HD; nseles, Trevisa, 4. 431 ; 
nseUei, Sa ; iselen, dot., SD, Cath. (»).— 
Icel. usli; cp. MHG. usele (G. iissel). The 
same stem us- is found in Lat. us-ere 
{urere) t to burn. 

I'SOme, adj. agreed, peaceable, S. — AS. 

I-SO^te,//. s. t sought; see I-seonen. 

Istnrbed, //. disturbed, S. — OF. «- 
torber ; Lat. ex- + turbare. 

i-swink, sb. toil, S. — AS. ge-swinc. 

I-bank, sb. thought, intention, S. 

I-penchen, v. to think, S ; i-)x>hten, 
pt. pl.y S. — AS. ge-pencan. 

I-be3, pt. s. thrived, Sa ; see Tneen. 

I-polien, v. to endure, S. — AS. ge- 

I-J>Oncked, adj. minded, S. 

I-tiden, v. to betide, S; itit, pr. s., S; 
ityt, S.— AS. ge-tidan. 

I-timien, v. to happen, S. — AS. ge* 
timian ; cp. Icel. tima. 

I-twix, meanwhile, H. 

I-uaid, pp. hated, S ; see I-f»ied. 

I-neied, pp. joined, S ; see Fe^en. 

I-neiped, pp. treated with enmity, S. 
See Fede. 

luel, adj. evil, S, Wa, Sa. See Vod. 

I-nelen, v. to feel, S.— AS. ge-filan. 

Iuen, sb. ivy, Cath. ; yven, Cath. (#*) ; 
ivin, HD, EDS (C. vi).— AS. ifegn (Voc). 

I-nere, sb. companion, S ; see X-fexe. 

Ini, sb. ivy, S; ive, S3.— AS. ifig. 

I-UO, v. to take, S ; see I-fon. 

I-ureden, v. to hurt, injure, S. — ME. 


t-ureden * i-wreden = t-werden; 
werdan, ge-wyrdan (BT). See Werd. 

I-war, adj. aware, wary, S, PP ; ywar, 
PP.— AS. ge-war. See War. 

I- while, adj. every , S.— AS. ge-hwilc, 

I-whils, adv. while, H. 

I-wil, sb. will, S.— AS. ge-will, 

I-wis, adv. truly, certainly, S, PP, Sa ; 
iwiss, S ; iwya, G; ywia, S, Sa, Ca ; 
ywy», Sa, PP; ywiase, PP; Iwlsae, S3. 
C<«w£. : wel ywisae, S ; mid Iwisse, S.— 
AS. ge-wiss, certain, formed from zvisse, pt. 
oiwitan, see Sievers, 333 d. 



I-Wlten, v. to know, S, Sa ; i-wyten, 
S ; y-witen, S3 ; i-wlste, //. s., S.— AS. 

I-witen, v. to protect, S. See Witen. 

I-WOned, pp. accustomed, S, S3 ; y- 
woned, S3 ; i-wuned, S ; woned, S, S3 ; 
wont, S3 ; wont, S3 ; woonted, S3.— AS. 
ge-wunod, pp. of ge-wunian t to dwell, to 
be accustomed. See Wonen. 

I-WUH.6, sb. custom, S. — AS. ge-wuna. 
Cf. Wone. 

I-WUrSen, v. to become, to happen, S ; 
i-woxtte, S ; y-woi/Be, P, S3 ; i-woztie, 
pp., S. — AS. ge-weorQan. 

I (consonant). 
[For words in which initial I is a vowel, see under I (vowel) above]. 

lacynte, sb. jacinth, SkD; laoynot, 
SkD ; Jadnt, Cotg. ; iaclnctus, W (Rev. 
ai. ao) ; jagounoe, HD ; iaoynctis, pi., 
Wa (=Heb. tarshish). — OF. jacinthe 
(Cotg.); Lat. hyacinthus (Vulg.); Gr. 
vaKivBos (NT) ; cp. OF. jagonce. 

Iagge, v. to jag, notch, Prompt., Palsg. ; 
Jag, HD; Jaggede, pt. s., HD; jaggde, 
.#.//., S3; Jaggede, HD. 

lagge, sb. a jag of cloth, Prompt. 

Ialous, adj. jealous, Ca, C3.— OF. 
jalous ; Late Lat. zelosum, from Lat. zelus ; 
Gr. Crj\os, zeal. 

Ialonsye, sb. jealousy, PP, Ca, C3; 
ielesye, PP.— OF. jalousie. 

Iambeux, armour for the legs, 
Ca, HD ; giambenx, ND.— Cp.OF.^w- 
biere, armour for a leg (Cotg.), from jambe, 
leg : It. gamba (Florio). 

lane, sb. a small coin of Genoa, ND, 
Ca, HD. — See Ducange (s.v.januini). 

Iangle, v. to jangle, chatter, murmur, 
argue, quarrel, Sa, PP, Sh, S3, Ca, C3 ; 
gangle, SkD; langland, pr.p., Sa, H.— 
OF. jangler, to jest, mock (Bartsch). 

Ianglere, sb. brawler, wrangler, Wa ; 
prater, chatterer, H ; iangeler, story-teller, 
Sa, PP ; iangelexe, Prompt. 

Iape, sb. joke, jest, mockery, PP, S3, Ca, 
C3, Prompt. ; iape*,//., S3. 

Iapen, v. to jest, mock, play tricks, act 
the buffoon, PP, Ca, C3 ; iapede, pt. s. t Sa. 
— OF. japper, to yapp (of dogs), Cotg. 

Iaper, sb, jester, buffoon, PP, Prompt. ; 
iapers,//., S2. 

Iargoun, sb. jargon, Sa ; Jergon, SkD. 
— OF. jargon, ' 

Iannys, sb. the yellow disease, jaundice, 
Sa, SkD, HD ; iawnes, Cath., HD, Voc. ; 
jaundys, Cath. (») ; Jandie, Voc— OF. 
jaunisse, from jaune y gaune, yellow ; Lat. 
galbinum, from galbus. 

Ieannt, sb. giant, PP, Sa ; see Ctoaunt. 

Ielesye, sb. jealousy, PP ; see Xalosye. 

Ielofer, sb. gillyflower, S3 ; see Ctorra~ 

Iemis, gems, S3 ; see Ctomme. 

Iennet, sb. a small Spanish horse, S3 ; 
see Ctenette. 

Ient-man, sb. gentleman, S3. See 

Ieoperdie, sb, jeopardy, S3 ; see 

Ierkin, sb. jerkin, jacket, S3. — Cp. Du. 
jurky a frock. 

Iesseraunt, sb. a coat or cuirass of fine 
mail, HD ; gesserant, S3 ; gesseron, S3. 
— OF. jazerant (Ducange), jazeran, iase- 
ran (Cotg.), jazerenc (Roland) ; cp. It. 
ghiazzerino (Florio). 

Iette, sb. jet, SkD ; Jet, SkD ; geet, C ; 
geete, Prompt.; gett, Prompt. — OF. jet, 
jaet ; Lat. gagatem. See Gagates. 

Iette, sb. fashion, custom, PP, Palsg. ; 
gette, Palsg. ; intte, rude slight, S3 ; jet, 



a device, HD ; get, Prompt, SkD (Jet), 

c,c 3 . 

Ietten, v. to throw out, to fling about 
the body, to strut about, SkD, Prompt, 
Palsg. ; gotten, Prompt; letting, pr. p., 
S3.— OF. jetter (getter), jecter (gecter); 
Lat iactare, freq. of iacfre, to throw. 

Iewe, sb. Jew, PP; Zewes, //., PP; 
Gens, S; Gins, S; Oyn», S.— AF. Geu, 
OF . jueu, Judeu ; Lat. Iudctum. 

Iewise, sb. ; see Znwise. 

Iogelen, v. to juggle, play false, PP, 
Prompt ; inglen, S3, SkD. 

Iogelour, sb. buffoon, juggler, CM, Ca, 
PP; lognlonxe, Prompt, iognlor, de- 
ceiver, H ; Ingnler, Cath. ; inglnr, S. — 
AF.juglebr; Lat ioculatorem. 

Ioie, sb. joy, S, C2 ; Joye, S, Sa, Ca, PP. 
— AF. joie, OF. goie; Lat. gaudia, pi. of 
gaudium, rejoicing. 

Ioien, v. to rejoice, Wa, PP. 

Ioist, v. to put out cattle to graze at a 
fixed rate, to agist cattle, HD, EDS (C. vi) ; 
Jy«t, EDS (C. xxvi) ; ioyst, pp., lodged (of 
cattle), Sa. — OF. gister, to lodge, ixomgiste, 
a place to lie in, a pp. form of gesir ; Lat. 
iacere, to lie ; see NED (s. v. agist). 

Zolif, adj. gay, merry, C, H, PP ; iolef, 
Sa ; ioli, Wa, PP; Joly, Ca.-AF. jolyf, 
jolif. ^ 

Iolifte, sb. amusement, enjoyment, jovi- 
ality, H ; iolitee, Ca, Ci.— OF. jolivete. 

Iolily, adv. merrily, G. 

Iolynesse, sb. festivity, C, Ca. 

Iorne, sb. journey, Sa ; jornay, Sa ; see 

Zonisaunce, sb. enjoyment, S3.— OF. 
jouissance (Cotg.), from OF. join Prov. 
gaudir; \jsX. gaudere. 

Iourne, sb. a day's work or travel, PP ; 
iornay, Sa ; Jurneie, SkD ; tourney, S3, 
Ca ; iornes, pi , S2 ; lonrnes, H (Ps. a a. 
9).— OF. jornee, journie, a day, a day's 
journey, a fixed day (cp. AF.jomeie, day 
on which a court is held) ; Low Lat. jornata, 
*diumata, from Lat. diurnus. 

Ionsten, v. to approach, encounter, to 
joust, tilt, PP, CM; insten, C3.— OF. 
jmster (joster), juster ; Late Lztjuxlare, 
to approach, from Lat. iuxta. 

Xonster, sb. champion, PP. 


IonsttS, tournaments, CM.— AF. 

Iontes, sb. pi. a food made from herbs, 
broth, P, HD, Prompt. (») ; iowtes, lap- 
pates, Cath., Prompt (»); iowtys, potage, 
Prompt ; Jntes,Voc. ; eowtns, Prompt (*)• 
—OF. ioute, 'olera' (Ps. 36. 2) ; Low Lat. 
juld, 'awilled meolc 1 (Voc.); jutta (Dn- 
cange); prob. of Celtic origin, cp. Breton 
tot, porridge, Wei. uwd, Olr. ith, see 
Rhys, Lectures on Welsh Philology, p. 7. 

Ioynen, v. to join, PP, C3 ; joyneamnt, 
/r./., joining, S3. — OF. joindre (pr. y.joig- 
nant) ; Lat. iungere. 

Ioyntnris, sb. pi. joinings, W ; ioya- 
tonxs, W. — OF. jointure; Lat iunctura 

Inge, sb. judge, Sa,Voc, Ca, C3 ; jngge, 
C ; Jngges,//., P; Jnge«, S3.— AF.juge; 
hat. iudicem. 

Ingemeut, sb. judgment, Sa, Ca, C3 ; 
jnggement, C. — KF.jugement. 

Ingen, v. to judge, decide, PP ; ingge, 
PP, CM.— OF. juger; Lat. iudicare. 

Ingge-man, sb. judge, G. 

Inglen, v. to juggle, S3 ; see Iogelen. 

Ingnler, sb. buffoon, Cath.; see Ioge- 

Ingnlynge, sb. juggling, S3. 

Iumpred, sb. mourning, Sa. — AS. gio- 
mer + ratden. See 3emer. 

Innglenges,, disciples, S; see 

Inpartie, sb. jeopardy, CM, C3 ; Ito- 
perdie, S3; Jeobertde, HD.— OF. jeu 
parti, a divided game, a poetical discussion 
(Bartsch) ; Late Lat. jocus partitus (Dn- 

Ins, sb. juice, Sa, HD.— OF. jus; Lat 
ius, broth. 

Insten, v. to joust, C3 ; see ZousWa. 

Instlen, v. to jostle, push, S3. 

Intes, broth ; see Iontes. 

Intte, sb. a piece of scornful behaviour, 
S3 ; see Zette. 

Innente, sb. youth, Sa, PP.— OF.> 
vente (Bartsch) ; Lat. iuventa. 

Inwise, sb. judgment, PP ; inwyte, 
CM, C ; iewiae, HD ; iewi«, PP ; iuy*», 
C3 ; inise, HD.— AF. juise ; Lat indi- 





K- ; see also under C-. 

XJacherel, sb. bailiff, Sa ; see Caoherel. 

Eserf, //. J. cut, carved, S ; see Semen. 

Kairen, v. to go, P ; see Xayren. 

Kaiser, sb. Caesar, emperor; cayaer, 
MD ; eaysere, MD ; oalaere, MD ; kay- 
sere, S ; kayser, Sa ; keiser, S ; keyaar, 
S3.— Cp. Goth, kaisar; Lat. Caesar. 

Kale, sb. cabbage, cale, H ; see Cole. 

Xarf, pt. s. cut, S ; see Semen. 

Kateyl, sb. property, Sa ; see Catel. 

Kayren, v. to go, move oneself, Sa, MD ; 
kairen, P; cair, to drive backward and 
forwards, JD. — Icel. keyra, to impel, drive. 

Xechyn, sb. kitchen, Sa ; see Xuchene. 

Eedde, pt. s. made known, S ; see Xythen. 

lele, v. to cool, W, Sa, H, PP.— AS. cilan. 

Keling, sb. a large kind of cod, MD, 
HD, Sa (s.v. lobbe); kelynge, MD; keel- 
ing, JD. — Cp. Icel. keila, 'gadus.' 

Eemben, v. to comb, S, Ca, PP ; kem- 
yn, Prompt ; kempt, pp., MD. — AS. 
cemban. See Combe. 

Xemelyn, sb. tub, CM. 

Xempe, sb. warrior, S, MD, Cath. — AS. 
cempa, Icel. kempa : OHG. ckemphio, also 
kempho (Tatian) ; Late Lat. campio, from 
Lat campus. See Camp. 

Xempe, adj. shaggy, rough, C, CM; 
oampe, C (p. 155), EETS (1). 

Xempster, sb. f. flax-comber, Palsg.; 
kamitar, Voc. See Xemben. 

Sen, sb. pi. cows, Sa ; see Cow. 

Kende, adj. natural, kind, Sa; see 

Kende, sb. race, kind, Sa ; see Xynde. 

Kendeliche, adv. naturally, Sa; see 

Xendlen, v. ; see Xlndlen. 

Kene 9 adj. bold, keen, sharp, Prompt., 
S, Ca ; keyn, MD ; kenre, comp., MD ; 
kenneat, superl, MD.— AS. ctne\ OTeut. 
*koni ; cp. OHG. kuani (Otfrid), chuoni. 

Senile, sb. dat. kin, S, Sa ; see Kyn. 

Xennen, v. to beget, engender, to bring 
forth, to be born, MD, PP; y-kend,//., 
Sa ; kenned, MD. — AS. cennan, to beget, 
conceive, bring forth; OS. kennian, to 
beget, causal from OTeut. root KAN, to 
generate, see Kluge (s. v. kino). 

, v. to show, declare, teach, Sa, 

PP, SkD (s. v. ken), Prompt., H ; kende, 
pt. s., Sa. — AS. cennan, to make to know : 
Goth, kannjan « *kannian, causal of OTeut. 
kann, base of *konnan, to know. 

Xennen, v. to know, SkD. (s. v. ken) ; 
ken, S3, JD ; kend, pt. pi, S3 ; kend,//., 
S3. — Icel. kenna, to know. See above. 

Xeoruen, v. to carve, S ; see Xernen. 

Xepe» sb. heed, S2, S3, Ca ; kep, S3. 

Xepen, v. to keep, mark, observe, re- 
gard, S, Sa, S3, Ca ; keped, pt. s., S2 ; 
klpte, Sa. — AS. cipan, later form of cypan 
{=c6apiari), see Sievers, 97. 

Xeppen, sb. pi. caps, S ; see Cappe. 

Kernel, sb. a loophole in a fortress, a 
battlement, PP ; crenelle, HD ; kyrnellls, 
//., S3; kirnelia, PP.— OF. crenel, from 
cren (cran), a notch ; Lat. crena. 

Xerneled, adj. furnished with battle- 
ments, P. 

Sertel, sb. ; see XirteL 

Semen, v. to carve, MD, Prompt., S, 
Ca ; keomen, MD, S; cmrt, pt. s., MD ; 
kwrf, S; kerf, MD; karf, MD, S; carf, 
Ca ; enrnen, //., MD; eornen, //., MD, 
S3, C; iooroen, S3; y-ooraen, S3, C3 ; 
y-komen, Ca ; i-kornen, S ; kerned, S3. 
— AS. ceor/an, pt cearf (pi. curfori), pp. 

]Ce**e, v. to kiss, S, Ca ; see Cassen. 

Keste, v. to cast, Sa ; see Oasten. 

Kete, adj. bold, lively, gay, powerful, 
MD, Sa, PP ; ket, irascible, JD.— Cp. Icel. 
kdtr, merry, Dan. kaad. 

Xete-lokes, sb. pi trefoil, H ; see 

Keuel, sb. a bit for a horse, a gag, a 
small piece of wood used in casting Jots, 
MD, H, S; keryl, Prompt.; cavel, JD; 
kevelles, //., MD; caflls, MD, JD.— 
Icel. kefli. 

Eeneren, v. to recover one's health, 
MD, PP ; kenord,//. s., H ; see Coveren. 

Eeneringe, sb. recovery, Sa. 

Seye, sb. key; kay, MD; eaya, //., 
MD; keis, S; kei^es, Sa.— AS. cceg. 

Kidde, pt. s. made known, S, P ; pp., S ; 
kid, S; seeXytnen. 

Kidnere, sb. kidney, SkD; kydney, 
Voc. — Icel. kvftr, belly + nyra, kidney. 
See Here. 



Kien, sb. pi. cows, Wa ; see Cow. 

Kiken, v. to kick, MD, W; kycke, 
Palsg. — Cp. kiken, kiksen in G. dialects. 

Kime, sb. coming, S. — AS. cyme. See 

Kindle, sb. offspring, brood, MD ; knxu 
del, MD; kyndlis, //., MD. 

Kindlen, v. to bear young, S; kyxtiU 
lyn, Prompt. ; kendlen, MD ; kundlen, 
MD ; i-Undled, //., S. See Xynde. 

Kindlen, v. to set fire to, MD ; kyxtfU 
len, C; kinlen, MD. 

Sine- (used in compounds), royal j see 
below. — AS. cyne. 

Sine-boren, adj. of royal birth, MD ; 
kineborne, S. — AS. cyne-boren. 

Kine-dom, sb. kingdom, MD, S, S2. — 
AS. cyne-ddm. 

Kine-helm, sb. royal helmet, crown, 
MD.— AS. cyne-helm. 

Kine-lond, sb. kingdom, S, MD. 

Kine-merk, sb. royal mark; kyne- 
merk, S. 

Kine-riche, sb. kingdom, rule, MD ; 
cynerice, S. — AS. cyne-rice. 

Kine-SCrnd, sb. royal robes, S. 

Kine-stol, sb. throne, S. — AS. cynestdl. 

Kine-beod, sb. subjects of a king, MD. 

Kine-wurVe, adj. royal, S, MD. 

Eine-^erde, sb. sceptre, MD. — AS. 
cyne-gerd (Voc). 

King, sb. king, MD, S ; kyng, S ; kyn?- 
ene, //. gen., S2, PP.— AS. cyning : OS. 

Kingdom., sb. kingdom, MD. 

Kinghed, sb. Kingship, PP. 

King-riche f sb. kingdom, S, MD; 
Hngxike, Sa ; kyngrike, H ; kyngriohe, 

Kipte, pt. s. received, Sa ; see Xepen. 

Kirke, sb. church, S, S2, P ; see Chirche. 

Kirnel, sb. loop-hole, PP ; see Kernel. 

Kirtel, sb. kirtle, a short gown or petti- 
coat, tunic, S3, P, CM ; kurtel, S ; cortel, 
MD; kirrtell, MD ; kirtil, H; kyrtyl, 
Sa; kertel, MD; kirtel, S3, P; curtel, 

Kist, sb. chest, coffin, MD ; cyst, Voc. ; 
kyst, Sa; klste, Sa ; kyste, Sa, PP; 
cyste, munificentia, Voc. ; chist, MD. — 
AS. cist ; Lat. cista ; Gr. kIctt). — Cf. Chest. 

Kith., sb. one's country, PP ; see Kyth. 

Kithen f v. to make known, S, S2 ; see 


Kithing, sb. telling, Sa. 

Kitlen, v. to tickle; kittle, HD, JD; 
kytlys,/r. s., S3. See below. 

Kitlynge, sb. tickling, H ; kitellynffe, 
MD, HD.— AS. kitelung, 'titillatio ' (Voc.). 

Kitonn, sb. kitten, P ; kyton, PP. 

Kitte, pt. s. cut, Sa, Ca, C3; kittide, 
W ; see Kntten. 

Kitte-pors, sb. thief,. PP; see Cnt- 

Kittingis, sb. pL cuttings, W. 

Kleping, sb. clothing, Sa. See Cloth. 

Knack, sb. a snap, crack, a jester's 
trick, a trifle, toy, SkD, MD; knakkes, 
//., CM ; knackes, S3. 

Knaing, sb. knowing, acquaintance, Sa ; 
see Xnowen. 

Knap, v. to snap, break with a noise, 
SkD ; imp. s., strike (the bell), S3.— Cp. G. 
knappen, to crack. 

Knappes, sb. pi. knobs, S2, P; see 

Knarre, sb. a knot in wood, SkD 
(s. v. gnarled), C, CM. — Cp. MDu. cnorre, 
Du. knor y a knurl. 

Knarry, adj. full of knots, C. 

Knaue, sb. a boy-baby, boy, servant, 
knave, S, Sa, Ca ; cnafe, MD ; cnane, 
MD.— AS. cna/a; cp. OHG. chnabe (G. 

Knane-child, sb. a male child, W. 

Knawe, v. to know, Sa-; see lEOwen. 

Knawen,//. gnawed, S3 ; see Cfrnawen. 

Kne, sb. knee, S, Sa ; cneowe, dot., S-; 
cnonwe, S; knes, //., S; kneon, S; 
knowes, Ca, P. — AS. cnfew {cnid). 

Kneden, v. to knead, Voc, Palsg.; 
oneden, S, MD ; knodyn,//., MD ; kno- 
don, Prompt. ; kned, CM ; knodden, HD. 
— AS. cnedan, pp. cnoden (cneden), see 

Knelen, v. to kneel, S ; knely, Sa ; 
kneolen, PP; knewlen, pr. pi., PP.— Cp. 
Low G. knilen. 

Knelyng, sb. kneeling, PP ; cnelinng, 
S ; knewelyng, S. 

Kneon, sb. pi. knees, S ; see Sue. 

Knippen, v. to nip, break off the edge ; 
nlppen, SkD; nyppen, PP; knyp, pp., 
S3. — Cp. Du. knippen, to crack, snap. 

Kni}t, sb. knight, soldier, armed re* 
tainer, S, Sa ; kniet, S ; knyht, S ; knyght, 
C3 ; enihtes,//., S ; knictes, S ; knyhtee, 
S ; kny3tis ; W, Wa ; tastes, S ; cnihten, 


S.— AS. cniht; cp. OHG. kneht, 'puer' 
(Tatian), ' miles, discipulus ' (Otfrid). 

Eni^ten, v. to knight, S. 

Eni^thod, sb. knighthood, S; knygnt- 
hode, dot., Ca; kniffnthede, C; kny3t- 
nod, army, warfare, W, W2. 

Knoppe, sb. knob, buckle, bud, MD, 
Prompt, Cath., Palsg., S3; knobbe, C; 
knappei, //, S2, P; knoppes, CM, PP. 
— Cp. Dan. knop. 

Enopped, adj. full of knobs, S3. 

Enotte, sb. knot, Ca, PP, Prompt., S3. 
— AS. cnotta. 

Enowen, v. to know, MD; knawe, 
S2; cnawen, S; knaa, HD; onowett, 
pr. s., S ; knen;, //. s., Sa ; knewen,//., 
S; 1-cnawen, pp., S; 30-onowe, S; y- 
cnowen, S3 ; y-knowe, Sa ; knownn, W ; 
enowen, S2 ; knawen, Sa ; knawin, S3. — 
— AS. cndwan, pt. cniow, pp. end wen. 

Knowes, sb. pi. knees, C2, P ; see Kne. 

Enowleche, sb. knowledge, MD ; 
knonlecne, acquaintance ( = Lat. notos),Vf ; 
knawlache, MD ; knawlage, MD ; know- 
lych, Sa. See -le^c. 

Enowlechen, v. to acknowledge, Sa # 
W2, P; enawlecnen, MD; knonlecne, 
W ; knonleohlde, pt. s., W ; knowlechi- 

Enowleching, sb. the acknowledging, 
C3; onawleohnnffe, S; knanleonynffe, 
S2 ; knowleching, C3; knonleonyng/Wa. 

Enncche, sb. small bundle, MD, Cath. 
(n) ; knyche, Cath. ; knitch, JD ; knyt- 
chis,//., W.— Cp. G. knocke (Kluge). 

Knytten, v. to knit, bind, Prompt., S2, 
C3,PP: knntte,//.j.,MD; knette,MD; 
knitte, C3; knyt, pp., MD; knit, Ca.— 
AS. cnyttan. See Xnotte. 

Eo, pt. s. quoth, S3 ; see Koth. 

Eokewolde, sb. cuckold, P; see Coke- 

Eole-plantes, cabbages, P; see 

Eollen, v. to embrace, S2 ; see Collen. 

Eon, pt. pr. can, S ; see Knnnen. 

Eonning, sb. skill, C2 ; see Conning. 

Eonyng, sb. cony, rabbit, S; see Co- 

Eoth, pt x. quoth, S3 ; eotne, MD ; see 

Eonde, pt. s. knew, W2 ; see Knnnen. 

Eonren, v. to cower, S2 ; oouren, MD. 
— Icel. kiira, to sit quiet ; cp. G. kauern, 
see Weigand. 



Eonrte-by, sb. short coat, P; see 

Eonthe, pt s. could, S; pp. S2 ; see 

Eraghan. sb. burnt grass— cremium, 
dry fire- wood, H; crakan, Cath. — Cp. 
North. E. crack, to make a noise (JD). 

Erake, sb. crow, H; crake, Cath.; 
krakls,//., H— Icel. krdkr. 

Eremelen, v. to anoint with oil or fat ; 
kremelyd, pp., MD ; see Cremelen. 

Erike, sb. creek, S ; see Crike. 

Krone, sb. crown, S ; see Corone. 

En, sb. cow, S ; see Cow. 

Enchene, sb. kitchen, S; kychene, 
MD; keohyn, S2; kychena,//., S3.— AS. 

End, pp. made known, S2; i-kud, S; 
see Knnnen. 

Endde, pt. s. made known, S2 ; knde, 
//., S ; see Knnnen. 

Knde, pt. pi. could, S ; see Knnnen. 

Eneade, adj. dot. bad, S2 ; see Quad. 

Enlle, v. to strike, to kill, P, MD ; kylle, 
Cath. ; kyllyn, Prompt. ; colon, MD ; 
cnlle, P. — The word means properly to 
knock on the head ; cp. Norweg. kylla, to 
poll, to cut the shoots off trees, from Moll, 
the top, head ; Icel. kollr, head, crown. 

Enmen, v. to come, S ; see Comen. 

Enn, v. to get to know, to learn, H^ 
see Conne. 

Enn, sb. kin, S2 ; knnnes, gen., S2 ; 
knnne, dat., S, S2 ; see Kyn. 

Ennde, adj. natural, kind, Sa; see 

Eunde, sb. kind, race, nature, Sa; see 

Enndel, sb. offspring, MD. 

Enndite, sb. a conduit, S3 ; see Conduit. 

Ennes-men, sb. pi. kinsmen, S, S2; 
see Kynes-man. 

Ennnen, v. to know, to know how, to 
be able, S, S3, Wa, CM ; ennnen, S, S2 ; 
conne, S, S3, P ; enn, H ; con, //. f!r., S ; 
kon, S ; can, S, S2 ; kan, S, S2 ; eon, can, 
used as auxil., Sa ; canstn, a pr. s. f with 
pron., S ; canstow, S2 ; euffie, pt. s., S ; 
knife, S ; conthe, S, Sa, S3 ; oowtne, G ; 
eon;$e, S2; onth, S2; conde, Sa; cowde, 
G ; konde, Wa ; con;de, Sa ; kontnen,//., 
S ; knde, S ; era, pp., S (17 b. 161) ; kn», 
S ; couth, Ca ; cotrtfe, Sa ; kontne, Sa. — 
AS. cunnan, pt* ctide, pp. cut} (used as adj.). 



Knn-rede, sb. kindred, S; see Xyn- 

Enppe, sb. cup, S ; see Cnppe. 

Eussen, v. to kiss, S ; see Cnmen. 

Xut, sb. lot, a cut twig, H ; see Cat. 

Xuth, sb. kith, friends, PP. 

Xu8e f pt. s. t could, knew, S ; see Xnn- 

Kutthe, country, PP ; see Kyth. 

Kubbes, manners, Sa, HD, MD; 
see Xyth. 

Kntten, tf. to cut, MD, CM ; kltt, MD ; 
knt,//. s. y MD ; kitte, S2, Ca,C3 ; klttide, 
W.MD; ketten,//.,P; kyt,#., W; kit, 

Xuueren, v. to recover one's health, 
S2 ; see Coveren. 

Enynde, <&#'. natural, Sa, PP; see 

Xwene, sb. queen, S ; see Queue. 

Ky, sb. pi. cows, S3 ; see Cow. 

Kychen, ^. kitchen, S3 ; see Xnehene. 

Kyn, j^. //. cows, S2, C ; see Cow. 

Kyn, j£. kin, kind, generation, S, W, MD ; 
Iran, S2 ; kin, S, S2, C2 ; cnn, MD, S ; 
knnnes, gen., S2 ; online, dot., S ; knnne, 
S, Sa; kenne, S, Sa; kynne, P.— AS. 
cynn : OS. kunni, OHG. kunni (Otfrid) : 
Goth, kuni : from Teut. base *konya, from 
root KAN. 

Kynde, adj. natural, kind, Sa, S3, P ; 
kunde, Sa, MD; onnde, MD; kinde, S; 
kende, Sa, PP; kuynde, Sa, PP.— AS. 

Xynde 9 sb. kind, nature, race, children, 
natural disposition, PP, S2, S3, Ca, C3, W ; 


kunde, Sa; onnde, S; kinde, S. Sa ; 
kende, Sa ; kynd, S3.— AS. (ge)cynd. 

Xyndely, adj. natural, kindly, MD; 
kyndli, W ; kyndly, Cath. ; kundeliche, 
MD.— AS. cyndelic. 

Kyndely, adv. naturally, kindly, Sa; 
kyndli, W ; klndely, Sa ; kindolike, S ; 
kendeliohe, Sa ; knyndeliche, S3, PP ; 
onndeliche, S. — AS. cyndelicc. 

Xyndlyn, v. to bear young, Prompt ; 
see Xindlen. 

Xyndlyngis, sb. pi. brood, litter of 
beasts, W. 

Kynes-man, sb. kinsman, MD ; onnoe 
mon, S; knnesmen,//., S, Sa. 

Eynrede, sb. kindred, S3, Wa, C ; knn- 
rede, S ; kjmredyn, H ; klnredis, pi., W ; 
onnveadnes, //., S. — AS. cynn + rdden, 

Kysse, sb. kiss, Palsg. — From AS. cys- 
san. See CuMen. 

Xyth, sb. one's country, native land, 
relatives, kith, friends, PP, Sa ; kith, PP ; 
knth, PP ; euth, PP ; kntthe, PP ; kitthe, 
PP; onftSe, S, PP; oonthe, PP; kjrthes, 
pl. % Sa ; oetien, S ; ohetten, S ; knbpos, 
manners, Sa. — AS. cydtiu (Vytf): OHG. 
cundida, race, kinship ; see Sievers, 255. 

Xythen, v. to make known, MD, C2, 
C3, PP, S3; kfSen, S, Sa ; enften, S; 
oonthe, MD, PP ; couth, pr. s., P ; kjdde, 
pt. s. t PP; kidde, PP, S; kndde, Sa ; 
ondde, S ; kedde, S, MD ; kyd, Sa ; kid, 
MD; kydst, a //. s., S3; i-knd, pp., S; 
knd, Sa; kyd, Sa; kid, S; kidde (as 
ad}.\ S. — AS. (gc)cy6ani OS. ktftian; 
OHG. kundjan, also kunden (Otfrid). 


La, interj. lo !, S ; lo, Wa (Ps. 67. 34). 
— AS. id. Comb. : la hwnxe, at least, S. 

Iiaas, sb. snare, C, C3 ; see Las. 

Labbe, sb. he that can keep no counsel, 
Prompt., CM; lab, a blab, tittle-tattle, 

Labben, v. to blab, babble, PP ; lab 
bin*, pr. p., Ca.— Cp. Du. labben, to blab. 

Xaabbyng, adj. blabbing, CM. 

Lacchen, v. to catch, seize, snatch, PP ; 
lanhte,//. s. seized, practised, PP ; lan;te, 
PP, Sa ; la*te, S; lanete, S; laoohido, 
//., PP ; lanht, pp., PP ; la*t, S ; lat- 
ohyd, Prompt.— AS. laccan, ge-laccan. 

Laccbing, sb. taking, Sa. 

Lacert, sb. a fleshy muscle, C, CM. — 
OF. lacerte (Cotg.) ; Lat. lacertum (ace.), a 
muscle, strength, usually, the muscular part 
of the arm. 

Lad, Ladde ; see X*den. 

Ladel, sb. ladle, PP, C3; ladjUo, 
coclear, Prompt. ; hausorium, Voc. 

Laden, v. to burden, to charge with 
burdens, Prompt., WW; to draw water, 
to lade, Prompt.; laden, pp. oneratus, 
Prompt., SkD.— AS. hladan (pt. httd, pp. 
hladen) : Icel. hlatia, Goth, hlathan ^in 


LflBfdi, sb. lady, S ; see &euedy. 

L»fe, Lafe, sb. belief, S : see &eue. 

Leen, sb. a grant, loan, S. — AS. Ian 

Laf, sb. loaf, S ; see tool 

Lage, Lahe, sb. law, S ; see I*we. 

Lab., adj. low, S ; see &ouh. 

Lahralnesse, j£. lawfulness, S. 

Lahheil, v. to laugh, S ; lauhen, PP ; 
laaglie, PP, Ca ; lau^en, PP, S3 ; Un^we, 
S3; lanswhen, PP; lawffhe, PP, C; 
lel^en, W ; lauhwen, S, PP, S2 ; lahyndo, 
pr. p., S2 ; la^inge, Sa ; louli, //. s., PP ; 
lough, Ca, C3; lowh, PP ; low*, PP; 
loh, Sa ; lewch, S3 ; lojen, //., Sa ; lough, 
S3; lou;e, subj., S. — AS. hkhhan (pt. 
hlSh) : Goth, hlahjan. 

Lahter, sb. laughter, S ; lelstlr, Wa ; 
lelhtre, dot., S.— AS. hleahtor. 

Laif, sb. the remainder, B, S3 ; laUT, B ; 
layff, B, Sa, S3; lafe, B; lave, B, JD, 
HD.— AS. Idf, what is left, heritage (Voc.), 
from -Ufan (.Grain), only found in com- 
pounds, e. g. be-Ufan, to remain ; cp. OHG. 
in- U ban, to remain (Tatian\ G. bteiben. 

Laire, sb. clay, mud, mire, WA, H, HD ; 
layre, H ; lare, H ; quagmire, HD. — 
Icel. leir, clay, mire. 

Lairy, adj. miry, H ; layry, H ; layri, 
H ; layery, HD. 

Laiten, v. to seek, SD, HD, Sa, WA ; 
le^ten, SD. — Icel. Uita : Goth. wlaiton, to 
look about. 

Lftith, adj. loathsome, H ; see Xrirth. 

LftiHfF, sb. pi. gestures, S3 ; see Late. 

Lake, sb. a kind of fine linen, Ca, HD, 
CM.— Cp. Du. taken, cloth, a sheet, OHG. 
lahhan, also lachan (Otfrid). 

Lake, sb. standing-water, Prompt. ; 
rivulus, Voc; llak,//., Sa. Comb. : lake- 
ryftes, chines worn by water, Sa. — AF. 
lake, OF. lac ; Lat. locum. 

Lake, sb. dat. a gift, offering, S ; see Lok. 

taken, v. to offer to God, S. — AS. (ge s r 
Idcian, to give. 

Lakke, sb. defect, a failing, Ca ; lak, 
Prompt, C ; lac, SkD ; lake, blame, WA, 
S3 ; lakke, Ca ; lakkes, //. faults, PP.— 
Cp. Du. lak, blemish. 

Lakken, v. to lack, PP, C ; hlmlakked, 
//. s. there lacked to him, Ca. 

Lakken, v. to blame, G, PP, Prompt. ; 
lak, JD ; lakes, pr. s., Sa ; laokand, pr. p., 
H ; y-Oakked, //., P.-Cp. Du. laken, to 

LAR-pAWES. 129 

80, sb. Lammas, the first of 
August, PP, Sa ; Luumim, Prompt. — 
AS. hlammasse, hldf masse, loaf-mass, 
named from the Blessing of Bread. The 
Feast is called in the Sarum Manual 
Bent die Ho novorum fructuum. 

Lampe, sb. lamp, Cath., PP ; laumpe, 
Sa, PP ; lawmpe, Voc., Prompt. ; lampes, 
pi., C3. — AF. lamp* ; Lat. lampadem. 

Lampe, sb. a thin plate, C3; 
HD, ND.— OF. lame; Lat lamina. 

TtftTlfrr, sb. a kind of hawk, basterdus, 
Voc.; lanner, Cotg. ; lannard, HD. — 
OF. lanier (Cotg.); Lat. laniarium, that 
which tears, from laniare, to tear. 

Lanere, sb. a thong, Prompt. ; see 

Lang, adj. long, tall, S ; Ion*, S, PP ; 
lengre, comp., S; lender, Sa, Ca, PP; 
lengoxe, Sa ; lange, adv. long, S ; longe, 
S, Sa ; lang, Sa ; lea?, comp., S ; longer, 
S3 ; lexiffexe, S, Sa ; langar, S3 ; lengest, 
superl., S, Sa. — AS. lang. 

Langage, sb. language, C, Ca, PP.— 
AF. langage. 

lMngBU 9 belong, Sa ; see Aonffen. 

Lang-fridai, sb. Long- Friday, i.e. 
Good-Friday, S; lanffe-frldai, S.— Icel. 

Langmode, adj. long-suffering, Sa. — 
AS. lang-mdd. 

LangOUr, sb. languishment, slow star- 
vation, Ca, PP ; langonxs, pi. sicknesses, 
W. — AF. langour, illness ; Lat. languorem. 

Languor, sb. disease, sickness, W; 
languoxes,//., W. — Lat. languor (Vulg.). 

Lander, sb. a thong, Cath. ; see Laynexe. 

Lappe, sb. lap, bosom, PP, Ca, C3 ; a 
lappet, skirt, PP, S ; the lobe of the ear, 
Cath.— AS. lappa (OET). 

Lappen, v. to wrap, W, H, Cath., 
SkD, HD : see Wlappen. 

Lare, sb. lore, S, Sa, H ; see Lore. 

Lare, sb. clay ; see XAire. 

Lare-fadir, sb. teacher, doctor, H; 
laxfadlr, H ; lareiather, HD ; lorefadyr, 

Large, adj. liberal, generous, S, G, PP, 
C ; plentiful, Sa ; sb. size, Sa. — AF. large. 

Largeliche, adv. bountifully, PP, Sa ; 
largely, G. 

Largesse, sb. largess, bounty, PP, S3. 
— AF. largesce. 

Lar-pawes, sb. pU teachers, S; see 




Las, sb. snare, lace, HD, SkD, C ; lai, I 
S ; laas, C3, C ; lase, Voc.— OF. las, lags ; 
Lat laqueus ; cp. AF. laz. 

Lase, v. to fasten, C ; lasynge, pr. p., 
C; lacede,//. s., S; i-laced,//., S.— OF. 

Laser, sb. leisure, Sa, S3 ; see Leyser. 

Lasnen, v. to lessen ; lasned, //. s., 

Lasse, adj. and adv. comp. less, S, Sa, 
S3, C3, PP; lesse, S. Phr.\ lasse and 
more, smaller and greater, i. e. all, Ca ; on 
les that, on a less supposition than that, 
unless, SkD ; onlesse that, Palsg. ; on- 
lesse, SkD ; hi les be, lest, SD ; leste, 
S, PP; les when, lest at some time, H. — 
AS. lasso, adj. ; and las, adv. ; py las pe, 

Last, sb. weight, burden, ship's cargo, 
Ca. — AS. hlast; see Sievers, 333. See 

Last, sb. fault, SD; lest, SD; laste, 
dat.,S.— Icel. lostr (stem lastd); cp. OHG. 
lastar, abuse, blame (Otfrid). 

Lasten, v. to find fault, blame, SD. 

Lasten, v. to follow out, last, endure, 
S, PP ; lesten, S, S3 ; last, pr. s., S, Ca ; 
lest, S ; laste, //. s., S, Ca ; lastede, S ; 
lestyt, pp., S3. — AS. lastan, to perform, to 
last : Goth, laistjan, from laisls (AS. last), 
a foot- track. 

Lastingly, adv. constantly, W. 

Lat, pr. s, leads, S ; see Iieden. 

Lat, Late, Laten ; see &eten. 

Late, sb. behaviour, look, gesture, S, Sa ; 
lete, S; lote, S; lates,//., S; laltls, S3; 
loten, S.— Icel. Idt. See Aeten. 

Late, adj. and adv. slow, late, S, PP ; 
later, comp., S, PP; latere, adv., Sa ; 
latst, superl., S.— AS. lat: Goth, lots, 

Latefal, adj. late, W. 

La8, adj. hateful, loath, S, Sa ; see both. 

La8, sb. hatred, S.— AS. Idff. 

LaSe, sb. barn, horreum, granarium, 
Cath., Voc, HD; laSes,//., S.— Icel. hlada. 

Lawful, adj. hateful, S. 

LaSien, v. to invite, summon to a feast, 
SD.— AS. latiian ; cp. OHG. ladon (Otfrid). 

LaSiere, sb. inviter, S. 

Latimer, sb. interpreter, S; latymer, 

HD ; latlneres, //., SD, HD.— AF. laty- 
mer; OF. latinier* interpreter, lit. one 

knowing Latin; Late Lat. latinarium 



Latis, sb. lattice; latijs, Wa; latUds, 
//., Wa.— Cp. F. lattis. 

Latly, adv. late, scarcely, H; latlier, 
comp., H. — AS. lattice; cp. Icel. latliga. 
See bate. 

Laton, sb. auricalcum, Prompt., Ca ; 
latonn, C3, C, W, WA ; latten, Sh. f ND, 
HD.— OF. laton. 

Latrede, adj. tardy, CM. — AS. latrade. 
See Late. 

LatSQM, adj. backward, SD. — AS. 

Latsnmnes, sb. backwardness, H. 

Laude, sb. praise, Ca. — Lat. laudem. 

Lanhen, v. to laugh, PP ; laughe, PP, 
Ca ; see &ahhen. 

Lanhte, pt. s. seized, PP ; lau;te, PP, 
Sa ; lancte, S ; la^te, S ; see Iiaoohen. 

Laumpe, sb. lamp, Sa ; see &ampe. 

Launce, sb. lance, PP, WA; lanoe, 
Cath. — AF. launce, lance ; Lat. lancea. 

Launcegay, sb. a kind of spear, Ca ; 
lanoeffaye, ND ; lawnoeguy, Prompt. — 
AF. launcegay (Godefroy). 

Launcen, v. to hurl, fling, dart, to 
leap, hurry, to spring up, S3, PP ; lanse, 
Sa ; lannohen, to skip over a dike with a 
long pole ; lawnchyn, Prompt. — OF. 
lancer, lancier, lanchier. 

Launde, sb. a wild, untitled, shrubby, 
bushy plain, PP, CM, C, HD ; lannd, Sh., 
ND, Cotg. ; lawnd, salt us, Voc ; land, 
Cotg. ; lawnde, Cath. — AF. launde, forest, 
plain, OF. lande (Cotg.). 

Lanrer, sb. laurel, C ; lory^er, Prompt ; 
loryel, lorel, Prompt. — OF. laurier y 
lorier; Late Lat *laurarium; from Lat. 

Laiuen, v. to laugh, S3, PP; lauffhe, 

Ca, PP ; lauhwen, S, Sa, PP ; see Lahhen. 
Lane, sb. the remainder, B, JD, HD; 

see Iialf . 

Lanen, v. to lave, wash, PP ; lauande, 
pr.p., Sa. — OF. lover; Lat lavare. 
Lanerd, sb. lord, S, Sa ; see Iiouerd. 
Lanerding, sb. nobleman, Sa. Cf. 

Lanerdsehipe, sb. lordship, Sa ; lord- 

sehipe, Wa. 
Laneroc, sb. lark, alauda, SD; lauerok, 

SD, JD ; lanerokke, CM ; laneroek, Sa ; 

larke, PP, Prompt., Voc.— AS. Idwerce 

Lanonr, sb. laver, cistern, S3, CM, 

WW; law, WW. 


Law, adj. low, S3 ; see Look. 

Lawe, sb. law, S, PP ; la*e, S ; laffke, 
S, H; lane, S; la?e, S; la?es, pi., S; 
lahen, S; lawe«, S; la^e, S; la»en, S; 
la^neas, S. i%r. : of the beste law*, in 
the best order, G. — Icel. log (stem lagu), 
statute, decree. 

Lawefol, adj. lawful, SD; lawfolie, 

Lawelese, adj. lawless, S; la*elea«e, S. 

Lawelycke, a#. lawful, S; laffeUee, 
a&., S. 

Laj, sb. law, CM; religion, fidelity, 
S3 ; creed, Ca, C3 ; lades, //., PP.— OF. 
Zm, ley, lei ; Lat. /*£*m. 

Layes, sb. pi. leas, meadows, S3 ; see 

Layke, sb. game, sport, trial of strength, 
PP, Sa ; laike, WA ; lalk, PP.— Icel. leikr. 

Layken, v. to play, sport, Sa, PP, 
Prompt., Manip. ; laike, PP, WA ; leyke, S. 
— Icel. leika ; cp. AS. Idcan, to spring, leap 
for joy, dance, contend : Goth, laikan, to 
leap for joy. 

Layking, sb. play-thing; laykyn', 
Prompt.; lakan, Prompt, (*); leikln, a 
sweet-heart, Prompt. (**). 

Laynere, sb. a thong, C, CM ; layner, 
SkD (p. 814); lander, Cath.; lanyer, 
Palsg. ; lanyr, Voc. ; lanere, Prompt. — 
OF. laniere (Cotg.), lasniere (Palsg.), 
lasnier (Bartsch); Late Lat. *laniaria 
{lined), the thong for a lanntr. See Luur. 

La^e, sb. law, S ; see Law*. 

La?te, //. s. took, S ; see Laoohen. 

Lazar, sb. leper, PP ; laser, C ; lasam, 
pl. t PP, C. — Church Lat. lazari, lepers 
(Ducange), from Lazarus) Gr. Aafapos 
(Lu. 16. 20) ; Heb. Eleazar, God helpeth. 

Leahtor, sb. vice ; leahtrum, pi. dot., 
S. — AS. leahtor, from leahan (Man), to 
blame : OS. lahan. 

Lean, sb. reward, S. — AS. l/an: Icel. 
laun, OHG. Un (Tatian). 

j f sb. fcdsehood, WW; see 



Lebard, sb. leopard, Sa ; see Leopart. 

Leccherye,^. lewdness, PP; lecherie, 
S, Sa, PP.— AF. lecherie. 

Locke, sb. physician, S, Sa, S3, C3, H ; 
Uecne, W ; lacne, S ; leches, //., S3 ; 
leonie, W AS. ISce : Goth, lekeis. 

Lecke-craft, sb. knowledge of medi- 
cine, Sa, C, PP. 

Lechen, v to heal, Sa, HD, PP. 

Lecknien, v. to heal, SD. — AS. Idc- 

Lecknunge, sb. healing, S.— AS. Idc- 

Leckour, sb. a dissolute person, PP; 
letenour, W ; leenur, S ; leehours, //., 
PP; lecnonrls, W ; letehonn, W.— AF. 
lecheur, glntton, from OF. lecher, to lick ; 
cp. OHG. gi-lechon (Otfrid). See Lioken. 

Lade, sb. man, PP ; ledes, pi., tenements, 
PP ; see Leod. 

Leden, v. to lead, carry, S, Sa, Prompt. ; 
laden, S; leaden, S; leide, S3 ; lat, pr. 
s., S, PP ; ledy»,/r.//., S3 ; ledde,//. s., 
S ; ladde, S. Sa, S3 ; ls»d, S ; lad, Sa, 
todden, //., S ; ladde, Ca, PP ; i-led, 
pp., S; Mad, S, G; lad, Sa, S3; lede, 
Sa ; ladde, PP.— AS. Man, to lead, carry, 
lift (pt. Icedde, pp. l<kded), from Idd, a way. 
See Lode. 

Leden, adj. leaden, C3. See Leed. 

Leden, sb. language, Sa ; leoden, SD ; 
lede, WA; lndene, voice, PP; ledene, dot., 
Ca («.) ; PP; ledenee,//., S.— AS. lyden, 
language, also leden, Latin {on leden ge- 
reorde, Latina lingua, Voc); Lat. latinus; 
cp. OF. latin, speech (the warbling of birds), 
Bartsch, 385. 39, It. latino, language. 

Lee- ; see also under Le-, Leo-. 

Leed, sb. lead, Sa, S3, C3, Voc., 
Prompt.; led, PP; lede, S3, P.— AS. 
Uad (OET) ; cp. OLG. I6d\ see Weigand 

Leed, sb. a kitchen copper, CM (a. 7) ; 
leede, dot., C— Cp. lead {in dialects), HD, 
EDS. a 1 (Tusser). 

Leef, sb. leaf, a piece, PP, C ; lef, PP ; 
lyf, Sa, PP ; leues, //., PP ; levis, S3 ; 
leyvis, S3.— AS. Ida/: Goth, laufs, lauds. 

Leef, adj. dear, S3, C ; see Leof. 

Leel, adj. leal, S3 ; see Lei. 

Leendis, loins, Sa ; see Lends. 

Leep, sb. basket, W ; see Lepe. 

Lees, sb. leash, snare, C3, CM, Prompt. ; 
lease, CM ; see Less. 

Lees, adj. and sb. false, a lie, Sa, PP ; 
lee, S ; less, Sa, S3 ; lease, S ; leee, S ; 
lessere, comp., S. — AS. lias; cp. Icel. 
laus, loose, dissolute. 

LeefUttge, sb. falsehood, S3 ; leasuns;, 
lesinff, S, Sa, C3, Wa ; leasing, WW; 
leesinff, W.— AS. Uasung. 

Leffli, sb. lady, S, Sa ; see Lenedy. 

Lef-fal, adj. believing, S. See Lent. 



Lefsnm, adj. allowable, PP ; see Leif- 

Lege, adj. liege, S3 ; see Lige. 

Leggen, v. to lay, S, S3, Wj leyn, 
S, S3 ; leie to, to add, W2 ; leist, 2 pr. s., 
S ; le^esst, S ; le£8, pr. s., S ; ley&, S ; 
legett, //., S ; leide, //. s. t S, Sa ; leyde, 
S; le^de, S; Isolde, S; lwiden, //., S; 
leyden, Sa ; leid, pp., S; leyd, S, Sa ; 
i-leid, S ; i-leyd, S ; y-leid, S3 ; y-leyd, 
G3. — AS. .began : Goth, lagian* 

Legistre, sb. a legist, man skilled in 
the law ; legister, Prompt. ; legistres, 
pi., P.— AF. legistre ; Late Lat. legista. 

Leif, sb. leave, licence, 8 ; see Lene. 

Leifsum, adj. allowable, S3 ; leffcnm, 

Leir, sb. a couch, bed ; leire, dot., S. — 
AS. leger, lying, illness. 

Leiren, v. to lay low, stemere ; leirede, 
//., SD ; laid on a sick bed, S.— AS. leger- 
ian (Leo). 

Leir-stowe, sb. sepulchre, SD. 

Leit, sb. lightning, S, W, Wa ; leyt, Wa ; 
leitis,//., W, Wa.— AS. liget, liget, Mt. 34. 
37, Ueget\ see Sievers, 347. 

Leiten, v. to flame, SD ; to lighten, Wa ; 
leitinde, pr. p. , S. See above. 

Leityngis, lightnings, W. 

Leiden, v. to laugh, W ; see Lahnen. 

Lei;tir, sb. laughter, Wa ; see Lahter. 

Lei^yag, sb. laughing, W. 

Lei, adj. leal, loyal, true, Sa, S3 ; leel, 
PP, S3; lele, .Sa.— AF. Ual, OF. leial; 
JLat legalem. 

Lelliche, adv. truly, Sa, S3, PP ; lelly, 
Sa, S3, PP; leelly, Sa, PP; lelye, Sa; 
lely, H; lelest, superl., PP. 

Iteme, sb. gleam, light, S, Sa, PP, CM ; 
leom, PP; leome, S; limei, pi., CM; 
leemes, C; leames,S3; limyi, S3; leom- 
•ne, pi. gen., S; lemene, S. — AS. Uoma. 

Lemen, v. to shine, SD ; leomen, SD ; 
lemand, pr. p., 83, WA; leomede, //. s. t 
SD; lemede, SD; lemed, PP. — AS. 

Lenunan, sb. sweetheart, lover (of both 
sexes), mistress, concubine, S, Ca, C3, PP; 
lemmaim, pi., WA ; see Leofinon. 

Lende, sb. loin, lumbus, Voc, Sa; 
lendee,^/., HD, G; leendis, S3, W, Wa ; 
lendis, H ; lendye, PP.— AS. lendenu, pi. 
(Voc); cp. OHG. lendi (G. lende), lenttn 

Lende, v. to land, arrive, to remain, 


dwell, to cause to land, S, PP ; lend, //. //., 
Sa ; lended, pp., Sa ; ylent, S3.— Icel. 
lenda, to land; cp. AS. (ge)landian, to 
cause to land. See Loud. 

Lene, adj. lean, S, PP, C3, Prompt, 
Cath.— AS. hl<kne. 

Lenen, v. to lean, PP ; len, H ; lenede, 
pt. s., PP », leonede, PP, S3 ; lent, pp., S3. 
— AS. hlionian ; cp. Lat. clinare (in incli- 

Lenen, v. to lend, giant, S, PP, S3, S3, 
C3 ; leenen, W ; lennen, Cath. ; leendyn, 
Prompt. ; len, imp. s. t S3 ; lenys, pr. s., 
H; lenny», H; len*, S (1. 51); lantes, 
2pt. s., S3 ; i-lenet, pp., S ; ylent, C3; 
i-leaned, S; land, S2 ; lend, S3; lent, 
S3. — AS. larnan. See Leon, Lone. 

Lener, sb. leader, usurer, W; leyner, 

Leng, Lenger, Lengre ; see Lang-. 

Lenge, v. to linger, remain, dwell, PP, 
S3 ; lenffed,/*. s., PP.— AS. lengan. See 

LengVe, sb. length, S, PP; lentfe, S3. 
— AS. lengtf. 

Lennen, v. to lend, Cath. ; see Lenen. 

Lennynge, sb. a lending, H; lend- 
ynge, Prompt. 

Lenten, sb. spring, lent, Ss, PP ; lente, 
PP, C3.— AS. lengten. 

Leo- ; see also under Le-. 

Leod, sb. a man, also, a tenement, pos- 
session, PP, S3 ; leode, PP ; lede, PP, WA ; 
lnd, S3; leodes, pi, PP; leodia, PP; 
lede»,S3,PP; ledi«,PP,WA; leedes,PP, 
G; lndes, S3.— AS. Uod, a prince (Grein). 

Leode, sb. country-men, people, S; leede, 
G ; leoden, dot., S; lede, HD, Sa, WA; 
leode, S3. Phr. : land and lede, HD.— 
AS. Uod, sb. f. a people, pi. Mode, men 
(Grein) ; cp. OHG. Hut (Otfrid). 

Leof, adj. dear, beloved, glad, S, PP, Sa ; 
lief, S, S3, C3, PP; lef, S, S3, HD; lee^ 
S3, C, PP; lif,S; left, S3; lene, PP, S, 
Sa, S3, C3 ; liene, S ; lnef, Sa ; lnf, Sa ; 
leone, S ; leofne, S ; lener, comp., S3, Ca ; 
leof, adv. PP ; lnf, PP ; lenere, comp., S, 
Ss ; leonere, S ; lener, H ; leonest, 
superl, S, S3 ; lonest, S ; leneste, Sa.— 
AS. Uof. 

Leofliche, adj. dear, precious, S ; adv., 
S ; lenelike, S ; leoflnkest, adj. superl., 
S.— AS. Uoflic, adj. ; Uoflice, adv. 

Leof-mon. sb. dear one, beloved one, 
lover (used of both sexes), S; lefinon, S, 


HD ; lemman, S,PP, Ca,C3 ; tooutmon, 
S ; lemmanei, pi sweethearts, PP ; lem- 
mons, concubines, PP. 

Leofsnm, adj. precious, S; Iiflnun, 

Jjeoften, v. to flatter, caress ; leoftede, 
//. s., S. 

Jjeome, sb. limb, Sa ; gee Urn, 

Leome, Leomen ; see Leme, Lemen. 

Leon, sb. lion, S2, Ca, WA ; lenn, S ; 
leonn, S, S2, C2 ; lyonn, S2 ; linns, pi, S; 
lenns, S. — AF. liun, OF. leon ; Lat. leonem. 

Leonyn, adj. lion-like, C2.— OF. leonin; 
Lat. leoninum. 

Leopart, sb. leopard, PP; leparde, 
Voc. ; lepart, C ; lebard, Voc ; leberde, 
Voc. ; lyberde, Cath. ; libard, B ; lab- 
baxde, Prompt.; lebbard, Prompt.; leo- 
perdes, pi, PP ; lepardes, C2 ; lebardes, 
S2; libardes, S2; liberdes, S3. — AF. 
leopard, leopart, lepart, pi. leoparz. 

Leor, sb. cheek, face, S, PP, S2 ; lere, 
PP, Sa, S3, WA ; lire, PP ; lnre, SD.— 
AS. hlior, the cheek, face, look. 

Leomen, v. to learn, S, Sa ; see Ler- 



Leorning-cniht, sb. disciple, SD, S. 

LeoVre, adj. bad, S ; see Ln$er. 

Lepe, sb. basket, Voc, HD, H (s.v. ber), 
Palsg.; leap, W, Wa, Prompt.; leap, 
Cotg. (s.v. nasse) ; lepis, pl. t W ; lepe*, S 
(s.v. bread). — AS. I6ap ; cp. Icel. laupr. 

Lepen, v. to leap, run, PP, G; lope, 
Cath., HD ; leop, //. s. y PP, Sa ; lep, PP ; 
leep, PP ; lap, S2, S3 ; lepe, PP ; lonpe, 
P ; lope, S2, PP ; lep, pi., S2 ; lopen, P ; 
lope, P ; lopen, pp., PP, S2, HD ; lepte, 
ft. s. (weak), S2 ; lippide, W ; lepten,//., 
PP.— AS. hltapan, pt. hliop (pi. hliopon), 
pp. hUapen\ Goth, hlaupan; cp. Icel. 

Leper, sb. leaper, Cath. ; loper, Cath. ; 
lepexes, pi. runners, wanderers, PP. 

Lepe-^ere, sb. leap-year, Voc, Cath. 

Lepre, sb. leprosy, Sa ; leprye, Manip. 
— AF. lepre ; Lat. lepra (Vulg.); Gr. \£wpa. 

Lere, sb. flesh, muscle, C2 ; see Lyre. 

Iiere, sb. cheek, face, Sa, S3 ; see Leor. 

Lered, pp. used as adj. ; laredd, the 
learned, clergy, S ; lernd, instructed, W, 
Wa.-AS. lired. 

Lered-men, sb. pi. the learned, the 
clergy, S. 

Leren, v. (1) to teach, S, Sa, S3, H ; 
lessen, S; leoren, S; ler, imp. s., S; 

lerede, //. s., S ; leorde, S ; lerde, Sa ; 
y-lered,//., Sa. (a) Leren, #. to learn, S, 
Sa, S3, C2, H.— AS. Ickran : Goth, laisjan, 
to make to find out, to teach. 

Lerned, adj. learned, C2, PP. 

Lemen, v. to learn, teach, S, S2, S3, 
PP, Wa ; lumen, Sa ; leornen, S, Sa ; 
leornin, S. — AS. leornian. 

Les, L666, adj. false, S ; see Lees. 

Lese, sb. a leash, laxa, Cath., PP ; lees, 
Prompt., C3 ; leeoe, Prompt. ; lease, Cotg. 
(s.v. laisse) ; lesshe, Palsg. ; leesshe, HD ; 
leysene, Sa. — OF. laisse ; Lat. laxa, a 
loose rope. 

Lesen, v. to lose, Sa, S3, Ca r PP, W; 
liese, S ; leese, PP, S3 ; to destroy, W ; 
leosen, S, Sa, PP ; leest, 2 pr. s., PP ; 
lest, pr. s., Sa ; lees, pt. s., PP ; les, PP ; 
lese, PP ; loren, pi, PP ; lorn, pp., PP, 
Sa ; lome, S3 ; lore, PP, G, Sa ; ilore, 
G ; y-lore, S2 ; loste, pt. s. (weak), W ; 
losten, pi, PP, C3, C, W2 ; loste, pp., PP; 
lost, PP; y-lost, C3.— AS. liosan, pt. lias 
(pi. luron), pp. loren. 

Lesen, v. to set free, redeem, S, HD, 
H; les, imp. s., S2 ; lese, G; lesde, 
//. s., S; lesed, pp., S; i-lesed, S.— AS. 
than: OS. Usian. 

Laser, sb. releaser, SD, HD, S2. 

Lesewe, sb. pasture, W2 ; leesewe, 
Wa; lese, SD, Sa; lewse, dat., S; 
lesewls, pi, W; lyssonris, S3.— AS. 
lesu, lasu. 

Lesewin,».to feed; lesewyng;e, />*./., 
W, Sa ; lesewid,//., W2.— AS. laswian. 

Lesing, sb. a lie, S, Sa, C3, W; lesyng;, 
PP ; see Leesinge. 

Lesing-monger, sb. liar, W. 

Lesnesse, sb. remission, Sa. See 

Lesse, adj. comp. less, S. 

Lessin, v. to diminish, Prompt. ; lessi, 

Lessinge, sb. diminution, S2. 

Lest, sb. desire, Ca ; see Lnst. 

Lest, sb. fault, SD ; see Last. 

Lest, pr. s. it pleases, PP; //. s., PP; 
see Lnsten. 

Lest, pr. s. loses, S2 ; see Lesen. 

Leste, adj. superl least, S2, C2, G, 
PP ; lest, S, PP ; last, S— AS. last. 

Leste, imp. s. listen, S ; see Lnsten. 

Lest en, v. to last, S, S2 ; see Lasten. 

Lestinde f adj. lasting, S ; leastinde, S. 



Lesty, adj. cunning, skilful, S3. See 

Les-when, conj. lest at some time, H. 
See Lasse. 

Lesynge,'*. loss, PP ; lesyn*, S3,C2, 
PP ; losynff, S2. See L6MH. 

Leten, v. (1) to let, cause, permit, (2) 
to let go, (3) to leave, forsake, neglect, 
desist, (4) to behave, pretend, (5) to esteem, 
S, S2, C3, H ; laten, S; leoten, S; lwte, 
S ; late, imp. s., S2 ; lat, C2 ; lest, 2pr. s., 
S ; letip, pr. s., S2 ; lat©», S2 ; lattis, H ; 
l»t, pt. s., S ; let, S2, S3 ; leet, S2, C2 ; 
i-leten, pp., S ; latnn, W ; laten, H.— 
AS. l&tan, titan, pt. ///, Mot, pp. laten; cp. 
Icel. lata. 

Leten, v. to delay, S ; laten, S.— AS. 
latian. Cf. Letten. 

Letherien, v- to be in a lather, SkD ; 
lirjeri, pr. s. subj., S. — ONorth. letirian, to 
anoint (John 11. 2), from AS. Ma9or t lather 
(Voc.) ; cp. Icel. lautfr, froth. 

Lette, sb. delay, S, S3, Ca ; let, S2. 

Letten, v. to hinder, to make late, PP, 
S2, S3, C2; let,/r. j., S, PP; lette, pt. s., 
S, C2; letted, S3; lettld, H.— AS. 
lettan : Icel. letja : Goth, latjan, to be late. 

Lettere, sb. hinderer, S2, PP. 

Lettre, sb. writing, C2, PP; lettres, 
pi., C3, PP.— AF. lettre; Lat. littera. 

Lettrure, sb. writing, scripture, learning, 
PP, W2 ; lettemre, C2, PP, C3 ; letty- 
renre, H. — AF. lettrure, OF. letreure; 
Lat. litteratura. 

Letnarie, sb. electuary, C3 ; lettwary, 
Cath. ; letnaries, pi., Cath. (»), C— OF. 
laituaire, leiture, letuaire, electuaire ; Lat. 
electuarium, a medicine dissolving in the 
mouth (Ducange). 

Leude, adj. ignorant, H ; see Lowed. 

LeTLXL, sb. lion, S ; see Leon. 

Leute, sb. loyalty, PP ; see Lewte. 

Leue, sb. permission, Prompt., S2, C2, 
PP ; leane, S ; leif, B. Phr. : nom Issue, 
took leave, took permission to go, S ; nam 
lefue, S ; tok his lene, S, Ca ; tok his 
leyff, S3 ; be 5oure lene, by your leave, 
WA.— AS. I6af. 

Lene, sb. belief, S; leeue, S3; Issfe, S; 
lafe, S.— AS. {ge)ttafa. 

Lene, adj. dear, S, S2, S3, C2 ; see Leof. 

Lene, v. to live, S2, S3 ; see Liuien. 

Leued, adj. covered with leaves, PP, S2. 

Leuedy, sb. lady, S2, H ; lenedi, S2, 
S; lefdye, Sa; lefdl, S, Sa; leafdl, S; 


lauedi, S; lwnedi, S; lwfdi, S.— AS. 


Leueful, adj. allowable, PP ; leenefbl, 
S2, C3, W; leeffnl, S2 ; leeful, Sa, S3.— 
AS. Uafful. 

Leuen, v. to permit, S, S2, S3, Ca, PP ; 
lef, imp. s., S.— AS. lyfan, to allow. 

Leuen, v. to believe, S, S2, S3, Ca, PP; 
leanen, S; leeuen, Sa; leyne, PP; 
lefenn, S; ljroe, PP ; lef, imp. s., S, PP; 
leef, PP, S2 ; lenes, pi, S2 ; leneden,//. 
pi., W ; leened, pp., S3.— AS. (ge)lyfan : 
Goth. {ga)laubjan. 

Leuen, v. to leave, to dismiss, to re- 
main, relinquere, relinqui, PP, S, S2, S3 ; 
leanen, S ; lef, S2 ; leaf, imp. s., S ; lef, S; 
leeue, S2 ; lenes, pr. pi, S2 ; lefde,//. s., 
S; leafde,S; lefte,Sa,S3; leuede,//., S2 ; 
lafte, C2 ; lafb, pp., S2, Ca ; lewyt, S3 ; 
y-left, Sa.— AS. l&fan, to leave, from Id/, 
remains, heritage. See Laif. 

Leuene, sb. lightning, Cath. (»), 
Prompt.; levin, JD, SD, ND; levyn, 
Prompt. — Cp. Goth, lauhmuni, also Dan. 
lyn ; see Douse, p. 103. 

Leueaea, v. to smite with lightning, 
to shine ; levyn, Cath. ; leuenanA, pr. p., 
Cath. (»), H. 

Leuenynge, sb. lightning, Cath., H ; 
leuenin?, S2 ; leyfnynff, Voc; leuen- 
jngiu,pl, H. 

Lenere, adj. comp. dearer, preferable, 
PP, S, Sa; adv. more dearly, sooner, 
rather, PP, Sa j lener, PP, S2, S3 ; see 

Levy, sb. a raising, esp. of money, SkD 
(p. 815).— OF. levie, a levy (Cotg.). 

Levy, v. to raise (money), SkD ; leueyed, 
PP-, S3.— OF. lever; Lat. leuare. 

Lewch, pt. s. laughed, S3 ; see T.ahhen 

Lewde, adj. ignorant, S3 ; see Lowed. 

-lewe, suffix. Cf. Cmekelew, Oostlewe, 
Drankenlewe, Siklewe,)mrstlew. — Icel. 
suffix -Hgr, passing into -liw, and then into 
-lew, by influence of w on i; cp. Icel. 
kostligr, ME. costlewe, costly (W.W. S.). 

Lewe, sb. shelter, S; lew, HD. — AS. 
hleow, hMo. 

Lewe, adj. warm, tepid, S ; lew, HD,W. 

Lewed, adj. unlearned, ignorant, worth- 
less, S2, C, C2, PP, H ; latwedd, S ; 
lewde, S3, Prompt; lewid, W; lawd, 
H ; lawde, H ; lende, H ; lewedeste, 
superl, PP.— AS. Mewed, lay, 'laicus' 
(Voc), {ge)Mwed, pp. of l&wan, to weaken. 

Lewedly, adv. ignorantly, Ca, C3. 


Lewednesse, sb. ignorance, PP, S2, 
C2; lewdness*, PP; lewdnes, S3; 
lewdenesse, Prompt. 

Lewke, adj. tepid, Cath. ; lake, Cath. (n). 

LeW86, sb. pasture, S ; see Iiesewe. 

Lewte, sb. loyalty, fidelity, G, Prompt., 
PP; leute, PP.— AF. lealte, OF. Halted -, 
Lai. legalitatem. 

Lewth, sb. shelter, HD.— AS. kkowtt, 

LejO, sb. flame, PP, S; leie, S; lei, 
SD.— AS. Ug : Icel. logi. Cf. Low*. 

Leje, ^. untilled land, PP; lay, 
Prompt. ; laye, dat. , S3 ; laye, adj., G ; 
layes, //. meadows, S3 ; leys, S3 ; Hye«, 
PP; ley;**, PP; leas, S3 (p. 228).— AS. 

Le je-lond, sb. lea-land, PP ; laylande, 
' terre nouvellement labouree,' Palsg. 

Lejen, pt. pi. lay, S, S3 ; leyn, //., 
lain, S3 ; see Jdggmn. 

Leyn, v. to lay, S, S3 ; leyde, //. s. t 
S ; leyd,^., S, S2 ; see I*ggen. 

Leyser, sb. leisure, C, C2 ; laser, S2, 
S3 : laysure, Manip. — AF. leisir ; Lat. 

-1655C, suffix, used in forming abstract 
nouns, found in Ormulum, S. — Icel. -leikr, 
or -leiki. Cf. -lac. 

Li- ; see also under Ly-. 

Zibben, v. to live, S, S2, S3; see 

Iiich, sb. body, form, S, PP, SkD ; liche, 
S, PP, WA ; like, WA ; lycne, dead body, 
Prompt. Comb.', licnewake, the watch 
held over the body of the dead, C, SD ; 
lyke-walk, JD, Prompt. (*).— AS. He, the 
body, generally the living body ; cp. Goth. 
leik, the body, also a corpse. Cf. Xiicne. 

Lic-hame, sb. body, S ; licham, S ; 
lykname, PP ; licame, S, PP ; licam, PP, 
S2 ; likame, PP ; likam, PP, S2 ; lykam, 
PP ; lykame, S2 ; lycome, S ; liham, 
PP ; lichames, gen., S ; lioames, PP.— 
AS. Uc-hama, a body, properly ' body- 
covering '; cp. Icel. likami. 

Lichamliclie, adj. bodily, carnal, S; 
licnomlicne, S. — AS. lichamlic. 

Lich.6, adj. like, resembling, PP, S3; 
lyeUe, PP, S2 ; lick, S2 ; UJk, Wa ; lyik, 
Wa ; lykkest, superl., S2.— AS. lie, found 
usually in the form ge-Uc. Cf. Lien, Ilicn. 

-liche, suffix, found in adjectives and 
adverbs. — AS. -lie, adj. suffix, -lice, adv. 



Xicht, adj. light, not heavy, easy, S2, 
B ; see Liht. 

Xicht, pr. s. lights, S ; see Li$ten. 

Lichtlines, sb. levity, jesting ; lycht- 
lynes, S3. 

Licken, v. to lick, SkD ; lickiden, pt. 
pi., W (Lu. 16. 2i). Comb. : lyok-peny, 
a name for London from its licking up the 
penny, swallowing money, S3 ; lick-penny, 
^3 (n). — AS. liccian ; cp. OHG. lechSn in 
gi-lechdn (Otfrid) ; see Brugmann, § 214. 
Cf. Iiecnour. 

Licour, sb. liquor, juice, S2, C3 ; 
lyconr, PP; liquoure, Manip.; licur, 
SkD. — OF. licur \ Lat liquorem. 

Lic-wnrVe, adj. pleasing, S. 

Lid, sb. a cover, lid, SD ; lydde, Cath. ; 
book-cover, HD ; lides, pi., lids of the 
eyes, S.— AS. hlid. 

Liden, v. to cover, SD. — AS. hlldan, to 
cover (in be-hlidan), pp. hliden. 

Iiieftenant, sb. lieutenant, deputy, S3 ; 
lioftenants,//., S3.— AF. lieutenant ; Lat. 

Liese, v. to lose, S ; see Leaen. 

Lifes, pr. s. lives, S2 ; see Iiiuien. 

Lift, adj. left, S, S2, PP ; see Lytt. 

Lige, adj. liege, free, PP, C2, C3 ; ly*e, 
PP; lieg;e, PP; leg;e, S3, PP, SkD; 
leege, PP ; lycke, Prompt. ; lig;e, sb. pi., 
liege servants, PP, C2 ; lyges, PP ; lieges, 
S2, C3; lieffis, PP; leg;es, PP.— OF. 
lige (Bartsch), lige seignur, liege lord 
(Roland, 2421) ; cp. AF. seignour lige, 
and homes liges ; cp. Low Lat. ligius. 

Ligeannce, sb. allegiance, C3. — OF. 
ligeance, see NED (s. v. allegiance). 

Ligen, v. to tell a lie, S ; see Lysen. 

Liggen, v. to lie, S, S2, H, C2, W; 
ligfen, H ; 11$ en, S2 ; lien, S ; le;e, S ; 
liat, 2pr. j., S; liB, pr. s., S, S2 ; ly«, S ; 
llgeS,//., S ; liffges, continue, S2 ; Ijgge, 
pr. pi. subj., S2; lai, pt. s. t S; lay to, 
suited, S2 ; leigen, pi., S ; leyen, S, S3 ; 
y-leye,//., P; i-leie, S; leie, W; leyn, 
S3 ; y-layne, S3 ; i-lei^en, S2. — AS. licgan, 
pt. lag, pi. ligon (Idgon), pp. gelegen. 

Liggyng, sb. lying down, W. 

Lighte, v. to make less heavy, to re- 
lieve a horse of his burden by descending, 
to alight, CM ; lyffkte, S3, C3, Cath. ; 
li*nt, S2, S3 ; listen, S, S2 ; ligten, S ; 
lihten, S ; ly3t, S2 ; li*te, pt. s., PP ; 
ly 5 te, PP ; ly*t, S2 ; lyontyt,//., S3 ; UHt, 
pp., S2; ligt, S.— AS. llhtan. See Liht. 



Lihen, v. to deceive, S ; see Ly3en. 

Liht, adj. light, not heavy, easy, S ; 
lyht, S ; licht, S2 ; list, Wa ; li^te, active, 
S ; adv., S2 ; latere, comp., S2, W.— AS. 
leoht: OHG. lihti; cp. Goth. leikts; see 
Sievers, 83. 

Iiihtlich, adj. easy, light, S ; lintlione, 
adv., S; li^tllohe, S, S2.— AS. leohtlic, 

Lihtschipe, sb. swiftness, S. 

Liken, v. to please, SkD, PP, WW, 
S3; liki, S; lykyen, S; like, to rejoice, 
S2 ; like*, pr. s. impers., PP, S2 ; lykcffi, 
PP, S2, C2 ; lykede, pt. s., S2.— AS. Ucian 
(also Ucan\ to please, literally, to be like 
or suitable for. See Xiicne. 

Likerous, adj. dainty, lecherous, S2, 
PP, C3; lykerous, PP ; lycorouse, 
dainty-mouthed, Palsg. ; licorous, Cotg. 
(s.v. lecheresse). See Iiecnour. 

Likful, adj. pleasing, SD. 

LiTringe, sb. pleasure, S, W; liking;, 
PP, Wa ; lykyn*, S2, C2. 

Likinge, adj. favourable ; lykynge, S2. 

Lifcli, adj. likely, SD. 

Iiiklihed, sb. likelihood, SkD; lykU- 
liede, C2. 

Li Trl 1716886, sb. probability; lykli- 
nesse, C2. 

Liknen, v. to liken, to compare, PP ; 
lykne, PP; lickne, PP; lykned,//., C2 ; 
lioned, W ; illknet, S2. 

Iiiknesse, sb. likeness, appearance, PP, 
W ; liccness, S ; liknes, S2 ; lyknes, S3. 
• — AS. gelicnes. 

Lilbnrne, sb. a heavy stupid fellow, S3. 

Lilie, sb, lily, argentea, S, S2. Comb. : 
lylie-whyt, lily-white, S2. — AS. lilie 
(Voc.); Lat. lilia, pi. oililium ; cp. OHG. 
/ilia (Otfrid). 

Lim, sb. limb, S ; lym, S2 ; lyme, PP ; 
leome, PP, S2 ; limen, pi., S ; lemei, 
PP ; limes, S ; lyme., limbs, Wa, S2, PP, 
Ci ; creatures, PP ; lyms, S3 ; limine*, 
C2. Phr. : feondes lymes, limbs of the 
fiend, PP (cp. Icel. limir Fjdndans) ; the 
deuyl and Us lymmes, H (Ps. 108. 30 N . 
Comb. : lim-mele, limb-meal, SD ; lintel, 
S. — AS. lim, lim-m<klum, 'membratim.* 

Limpen, v. to happen, to belong to, S ; 

lomp, pt. s., SD ; lymppede (weak), HD ; 

lumpen, pp., S2.— AS. limpan, pt. lamp 

(pi. lumpori), pp. gelumpen. 

-ling, suffix. See SkD (s.v. darkling). 

Linnen, v. to cease, S ; lynne, S ; lin, 


HD; lyn, S3; Ian, pt. s., SD. — AS. 

linnan, pt. lann (pi. lunnon), pp. lunnen ; 

cp. Icel. linna. 
Linnnnge, sb. ceasing, S. 
Lipnen, v. to trust ; lippin, JD. 
Lipning, sb. trust ; lypnyng', B. 
Lire, sb. cheek, face, PP ; see Iieor. 
Lispen, v. to lisp, SkD ; lyspe, Cath. ; 

lipsede,//. j., C. — AS. wlispian. 
Lisse, sb. ease, rest, joy, happiness, S, 

PP; lysse, S, PP.— AS. liss (for lit- s) ; 

see Sievers, 258. See X£5e. 
Lissien, v. to ease, SD; lisse, HD; 
lyss, S3. — AS. lissian, 

list, pr. s. impers. it pleases him, S2, 
S3, C2 ; see Iiusten. 
Liste, v. to desire, PP ; see Austen. 
Liste, sb. list or edge of cloth, PP, 
Manip. ; lyste, PP, S2, Palsg., Cath.; 
lyyste, Prompt. ; lyyst, Prompt. Comb. : 
lyste of the ear, mol de Voraylle, Palsg. — 
OF. liste ; Icel. lista. 

Liste, sb. craft, astuteness, S, S2. — AS. 
list; cp. Icel. list, OHG. list, from Tent, 
base Lis. Cf. Lore. 

Listely, adv. slily, S2. — AS. listlice. 

Listes, sb. pi. the lists, the ground 
enclosed for a tournament, C2 ; lystes, C. 
— AF. listes, pi. ; OF. lisse, (also lice), a tilt- 
yard ; see Ducange (s. v. licia). 

Listre, sb. a lector, preaching friar, PP ; 
listyr, Prompt. ; reader, Trevisa, 6. 257 ; 
listres, pi., PP. — OF. listre for litre \ 
Church Lat. lector (Ducange). 

Lit, adj. little, S ; see Lyte. 

lit, sb. stain, dye, colour, S, SD ; littis, 
pi., WA. — Icel. litr, colour, complexion, 
countenance, dye. See Wliten. 

Litarge, sb. litharge, protoxyde of lead, 
C, C3. — OF. litharge; Lat lithargyrus ; 
Gr. \i0dpyvpos. 

Liteled, //. s. 2 p. didst esteem lower, 
S2 ; see Iiutlin. 

Kith, sb. joint, limb, member, PP, S, S2, 
C ; lyth, HD; lythe, Prompt— AS. lid; 
cp. Icel. Hdr, Goth, liihus. 

LiVe, v. to go, pass through, S ; UBen, 
S.— AS. litian ; cp. Icel. Itta, OHG. IttSan, 
to go through, suffer (Otfrid), Goth, leithan. 

LiSe, adj. gentle, mild, soft, calm, 
sweet, S ; lythe, Prompt. ; lythe, adv., 
HD.— AS. me (for linth-j-a) ; cp. OHG. 
lindi, lind, Icel. linr. Cf. Linnen. 

Litfeliche, adv. gently, S.— AS. Udelice. 

Lifer, adj. bad, S2 ; see LHoer. 


LiSien, v. to relax, S, SD ; liBe, PP, 
WA; letne, to alleviate, S2; to grow 
calm, Sa.— AS. IWian. 

Lffinien, v. to ease ; llKnld, pp., PP. 

Iatte, v. to dye, H, Cath., HD ; liten, 
Prompt.— Icel. lita, to dye. See Idt. 

Iattester, sb. dyer, tinctor, tinctrix, 
Cath.; lytster, tinctor, Voc. ; lyster, 
Cath.; lystare, Prompt; litsten, pi., 
HD. See lit. * 

lane, Lines ; see Lyf. 

Linelod, sb. sustenance, S3; see ZjU 

Linenotfo, sb. sustenance, S. — Icel. 

Ufnatir, conduct of life. 
Liuien, v. to live, S; line, S; leiffe, 

S3 ; lefien, S ; lene, S2, S3 ; leenen, S3 ; 

libben, S, S2, S3 ; lybbe, S2, S3 ; liniende, 

pr.p., S; lifcbinde, S; lenand, S3 ; leo- 

winde,S : lyfand, S2 ; lifland, S2 ; lifes, 

W*a,pr.p/.,S2 ; lifd,//. s., S2 ; i-lened, 
pp., S ; i-lnued, S ; leyflyt, S3.— AS. lifan, 

libban, to remain, to be left, to live ; cp. 

AS Ufan, to leave, and OHG. be-Uban, to 

remain (Tatian). 
Lining, sb. means of livelihood, S3. 
Lixt, 2 pr. s. liest, G ; see Iiy$en, 
L^t, sb. Hght, S ; lyht, S, S2 ; licht, 

S; lict, S; lint, S, PP; lyjt, S2 ; lont, 

S ; li*t,pl., S2.— AS. Uoht : Goth, liuhath ; 

cp. OHG. lioht (Otfrid). 

L^t, adj. light, bright, WA; lyht, 

S2.— AS. Uoht\ cp. OHG. lioht (Otfrid). 

Listen, v. to light, enlighten, to become 
bright, S ; listen, S ; Uct, imp., S ; licht, 
pr. s., S ; lintede, pt. s. t S ; i-Ujt, pp., Sa : 
UHt, S ; lyht, Sa.— AS. lihtan, lihtan. 

Listen, v. to alight, S, S2 ; see Liffhte. 

Ll^ti, adj. bright, shining, W. 

Li^tJTlge, sb. lightning, S2. 

Li^tne, v. to enlighten, shine, dawn, W, 
Wa; li3tnede,//. j, W. 

Li^tnere, sb. enlightener, Wa. 

Li^tnyng, sb. illumination, W, Wa. 

Lob, sb. a clown, a clumsy fellow, HD ; 
a lout, lubber, Sh. 

Lobbe-keling, sb. a large cod, Sa. 

Lob-COCke, sb. lubber, S3, Cotg. (s. v. 
baligaut), HD. See lob. 

Lobres, lubbers, PP, Sa. 

Loby, sb. looby, PP ; lobye»,//., PP. 

Lode, sb. a way, path, SD ; loode, some- 
thing carried, a load, vectura, Prompt.; 
lade, SD.— AS. (ge)ldd, a way, path, from 
Ittan, to go. See Lffie. J 



Lode-menage, sb. pilotage, C. 

Lodesman, sb. pilot, Palsg.; lodes- 
mon, S2 ; lodyunanne, ' vector, vehicul- 
arius,' Prompt. 

Lode-Star, sb. load-star, S3; lode- 
sterre, CM. 

Lode-Stone, sb. loadstone, SkD. 

Lof, sb. praise, S, Sa ; lofe, S, WA ; loft, 
S. — AS. lof; Icel. lof, praise, permission, 
OS. lof; cp. OHG. lob (^Otfrid). 

Lof, sb. loaf, S ; see tool 

Lofen, v. to praise, S, S2 ; lone, SD, 
Sa, S3, H ; lovand, pr. p., HD, S2, H.— 
AS. lofian, to praise; cp. Icel. lof a, to 
praise, to permit. 

Lof-SOng, sb. song of praise, S ; loft- 
mmg, S; loftsonges, pi, S. — AS. lof 

Loft, sb. an upper room, height, PP, G, 
SkD. Phr. : on lofte, aloft, literally, in the 
air, PP, Sa, C3 ; on pe lofte, S.— Icel. lopt, 
air, sky, an upper room, balcony; d lopt, 
aloft, in the air. Cf. lyft. 

Logge, sb. a lodge, hut, small cottage, 
B, CM; lore, WA; lodge, WW; ln*e, 
HD.— AF. loge. 

Loggen, v. to lodge, dwell, PP; lodge, 
WW ; lofreth, pr. s. f PP ; lodged, //. s. t 
S3, CM ; lnffede, pp., HD ; lngit, S3.— 
AF. loger. 

Loggyng, sb. lodging, CM; lngln*, 
S3 ; logyng, B. 

Loghe, sb. water, sea, Sa ; I05, Sa ; 
lo3e, S2, WA; lowia, pi, S3. Cp. AS. 
lagu-flod, * obscura unda ' (Voc.) ; also 
Icel. logr (gen. lagar). 

Lob, pt. s. laughed, Sa ; see Kahhen. 

Lobt, s. light, S ; see U;t. 

Lok, sb. an offering, gift, S ; loc, S ; lac, 
S ; loke, sport, PP ; lake, dat., S ; lac, pi., 
S ; lakes, S. — AS. Idc, a leaping for joy, 
sport, contest, also, a sacrifice, gift : Goth. 
laiks, sport, dance. Cf. Layken, &aken. 

Lok, sb. lock, fastening, Sa, PP ; lokkes, 
//., PP. See X.onken. 

Loken, v. to look, observe, S, Sa, PP ; 
lokln, S ; lokien, S ; loki, to protect, S ; 
loky, to guard, Sa ; take, S3 ; locan on, 
to observe, S ; loo, imp., S ; lokede,//. s., 
S. — AS. Ucian. 

Loken, pp. locked, S ; see Irimken. 

Loking, sb. looking, PP ; lokyng, cus- 
tody, S ; appearance, W ; lokLnge, deci- 
sion, Sa ; lokynge, PP; protection, S2; 
lokunge, S. 



LoUcen, v. to lock, SkD; lok, Cath. ; 
ylokked, pp., Sa. See Lok. 

Lofaand, pr. p. as <z#. curling S3; 
lokkerand, Cath. (n). 

Lokyrynge, ^. curliness, crispitudo, 

Lollen, v. to loll, limp about, lounge, 
rest, also, to flap, wag, PP ; lolled*,//, s., 
S3 ; lulled*, Sa. 

Lollere, sb. loller, idle vagabond, PP ; 
loller, C2, CM. 

Lomb, sb. lamb, C3, W2, PP ; lombe, 
Voc, PP, W ; lambren,//., PP, W, W2 ; 
lambre, W2; lombe, S2.— AS. lamb, 

Lome, sb. tool, instrument, S2, WA; 
a vessel (the ark in the deluge), S2 ; lomes, 
pi., Sa, PP; lomen, Sa.— AS. gelSma, 
*utensile' (Voc). 

Lome, adv. frequently, S, PP ; phr. : oft 
and lome, HD ; i-lome, S, Sa ; ylome, 
Sa ; lomer, comp., PP ; lommere, PP.— 
— AS. gelSme. 

Lomp, pt. s. happened ; see Umpen. 

Lond, sb. land, S, S2, PP ; lont, S ; Ion, 
S; londe, dot., Sa ; londes, //., S— AS. 

Londe, v. to land, S. 

Lond-folk, sb. countryfolk, S. 

Londisse, adj. native, S. 

Lone, sb. lane, PP ; lones, //., Sa, PP. 
— AS. lonu, see Sievers, 279. 

Lone, sb. loan, S, Sa, PP, Prompt— AS. 
Idn ; cp. Icel. Idn. 

Longe, sb. lung; longen, pi, PP; 
lunges, SkD, Cath. ; longes, C, PP.— AS. 
lunge, pi. lungan. 

Longe, adv. See Xlong. 

Longen, v. to become long, to long for, 
to belong to, S, S2, S3, Ca, PP, SkD; 
langen, S2, H.— AS. langian. See Lang. 

Longinge, sb. longing, S2 ; longynge, 
PP ; longenge, S. 

Loof, sb. loaf, Wa, PP ; lof; S, PP; laf, 
S; lofe, Cath.; lones, //., C3; loonys, 
S2 ; looues, W2.— AS. hldf. 

Loof, sb. a kind of rudder or apparatus 
for steering, SkD ; lones, //., SkD.— Cp. 
OF. lo/ t the windward side of a vessel 

Loop, v. to melt and run together in a 
mass, HD. — Icel. hlaupa, to curdle; cp. 
bldd-hlaup, curdled blood. Cf. Lepen. 

LOOS, sb. loss, PP; los, PP.Ca.— ONorth. 
los (Matt. 7. 13). See 


LOOS, sb. fame, report, Prompt, PP, 
CM, C3 ; lose, H (67. 33).— AF. loos, OF. 
los ; Lat laus or laudes, see Constans. 

Lopen, pp- run away, Sa ; see Lepen. 

Lopir, v. to curdle, clot, coagulate ; 
lopper, JD; lopird, pp., H, HD; lap- 
pered, JD ; lopyrde (as milk), Cath. See 

Lopirynge, sb. curdling, H. 

Lord, sb. husband, S ; see Louerd. 

Lorde, v. to idle about, S3. See Kouxde. 

Lordinges, sb. pi. sirs, masters, S, S2, 
G ; see Louerdlnges. 

Lordschipe, sb. lordship, Wa ; see 

Lordschiping, sb. domination, W. 

Lordsnipen, v. to rule over, Sa. 

Lore, sb. learning, lore, S, Sa, S3, C3, 
PP; lare, S, Sa, H; lores, //., Sa.— AS. 
Idr (for *laisa), from OTeut base LIS, to 
find out. 

Lorel, sb. an abandoned fellow, perdi- 
Hssimm, P, CM, PP, S3 ; losel, ND ; losel, 
PP, Prompt. ; lorels,//., S3; loseUs, S3 ; 
loseles, P. See Kesen. 

Lorel, sb. laurel, Prompt; lory^er, 
Prompt ; see Laurer. 

Lorn, pp. lost, Sa ; see Xiesen. 

Lor-beaw, sb. a teacher, S; laxeaw, 
SD; lor]>eawe, dot., S; lorpeawes, pi., 
S ; larpawes, S; larewes, SD.— AS. idr- 
piow (lariow). See £ore. 

Lose, v. to set free, G ; louse, imp. s., 
G ; loside, pt. s., Wa. Cf. Lesen. 

Lose, sb. praise, H ; see Loos. 

Losel ; see Lorel. 

Losen, v. to praise, PP; losed, pp., 

Losenge, sb. a kind of quadrilateral 
figure; losynges, pi, CM.— OF. losenge, 
praise, flattery, encomium, then grave-stone, 
square slab, lozenge in heraldry. 

Losengere, sb. flatterer, deceiver, 
W A ; losanger, sluggard, S3 ; losemffomr, 
C ; losenjonr, HD.— OF. losengier (Cotg.), 
also (with different suffix) losengior, losen- 
getour, flatterer. 

Losengerye, sb. flattery, lying, PP. 

Lossom, adj. loveable, pleasant, Sa ; 
see Lufsum. 

Lot, sb. lot, S; loten, //., S; lotos, S. 
—AS. hlot ; cp. Goth, hlauts. 

LotebT, sb. concubine, HD, PP (*) ; 
1 ludby, HD; lutby, H ; lotebyes, //., PP. 


— Literally, ' a secret lier with,' cp. Lyerby, 
HD. See Lotyen. 

Loth, adj. hostile, hateful, grievous, un- 
pleasant, unwilling, S, S2, PP, C ; looth, 
C2; la«,S, S2; lajrtli,S2; lalth,H,PP; 
lofcere, comp., S; lother, PP ; lathere, 
adv., H; lottest, superl., S.-— AS Idd; cp. 
Icel. leitfr. 

Lothe, v. to loathe, PP ; laflin, S.— AS. 

\ Lothelich, adj. hateful, P ; lcftlieh, S ; 
Wfci, S2 ; lodlicn, S, S2 ; ladlle, S.— AS. 


Lo&esnesse, sb. innocence, S; lodles- 
nesse, S. 

Lotyen, v. to lurk ; lotyeth, pr. pi, 
PP ; lottnge, pr. /., C3.— AS. lutian 

Loud, adj. loud; lowd, PP; tad, S; 
lode, adv. S; lowde, PP, C; londe, PP. 
—AS. hHd ; cp. Gr. k\vt6s, renowned. 

Lough, pt. s. laughed, C2, C3 ; lonk, 
PP; seeLoltfiem. 

Louh, adj. low, S, S2, PP; law, S3; 
lofe, S ; lowe, S; laffhe, H ; lah, S ; lane, 
adv.,S; 1050, S; lowe,PP; lonwe,S; law, 
S3 ; laner, comp., S2. — Icel. Idgr. 

Louhnesse, sb. lowliness, PP. 

Louken, v. to close, H, PP ; taken, S ; 
lowke, PP, H ; lowkande, pr. p., S2 ; 
leac, pt. s., SD; leo, SD ; toe, SD; 
taken, pi, SD ; loken, pp., S, SD ; lok- 
enn, S; lowkyt (weak), S3.— AS. liican, 
pt. teac (pi. lucoti), pp. locen ; cp. Icel. 

Lourde, adj. lazy, sluggish, HD ; loord, 
sb., ND.— OF. lourd; Lat. luridum, dirty, 
lazy, heavy ; see Diez. 

Lourdeine, sb. a lazy rascal, PP ; lor- 
d«in, PP ; tardeyn, PP; lnxden, HD ; 
lonrdeines, pi. vagabonds, PP. — OF. lour- 
dein. See above. 

Loure, v. to lower, S2, S3 ; see Luren. 

Louten, v. to stoop, bow down, worship, 
H, PP, S2, C2 ; to treat as a lout, S3 ; tat- 
•**•> pr>P~> S ; lontede, pt. s., PP, S2 ; 
luted,//., S2; tatten,//., S.— Cp. AS. 
lutan, to bow down, also lutian, to hide 

Louabil, adj. worthy to be praised, H. 
See Lot 

Lone, sb. love ; see Lnfe. 

Looey v. to praise, S2, S3, H ; see 

Lonely, adj. worthy to be praised, H. 



Louen, v. to praise, S2, S3, H; see 

Louerd, sb. lord, S, S2, S3, PP ; laford, 
S ; laferrd, S ; lanerd, S, S2 ; lowerd, 
S ; lord, husband, S ; lanexfl, S.— AS. 

Lonerdinges, sb. pi. sirs, masters, S ; 
lordinffes, S, S2, G ; lordynges, PP. Cf. 

Louyen, v. to love, PP; tanen, S; 
tauten, S ; lnfenn, S ; lnf, H ; lonien, 
S ; lone, S2 ; lofnieft,, S ; tanede, 
pt. s., S ; lonede, S.— AS. lufian. 

Lonyere, sb. lover, C ; luflarie,//., S3. 

Lowable, adj. praiseworthy, PP. 

Lowe, v. to approve of, praise, S3. — OF. 
louer, loir, loder, laudar; Lat. laudare. 
Cf. Laud*. 

Lowe, sb. flame, Prompt, Cath., PP, 
WA.— Icel. log. CflLeye. 

Lowe, adj. low, lowly, humble, S, PP ; 
see Lonh. 

Lowe, v- refl. to humble oneself, PP,W ; 
lowed, pt. s. stooped, PP. 

Lowe, 2 pt. s. toldest lies, PP ; loweii 
▼pon, pp. lied against, PP ; see Ly;en. 

Lowea, v. to low, bellow, Wa (Job 6. 
5); loowe»,/r. s., S3.— AS. hlSwan. 

Lowne, adj. serene, calm, S3, JD; 
sheltered, HD; loun, JD.— Icel. logn, a 

Lownyt,//. sheltered, B. 

L03, sb. sea, lake, S2 ; see Logne. 

Luoe, sb. a fish, a pike, C, CM, Voc, 
Prompt., ND.— OF. luz (Bartsch). 

Lud, adj. loud, S ; lnde, adv. S ; see 

Lud, sb. sound, voice, S2 ; lnde, dat., 
SD; taden, //., SD.— AS. hlyd, ge-hlyd\ 
cp. OHG. Ititl (Otfrid). 

Lud, sb. person, Sa ; Hides, //., tene- 
ments, S2 ; see Leod. 

Ludene f sb. voice, PP ; see Laden, sb. 

Luf f adj. dear, S2 ; see Leof. 

Lufe, sb. love, S, WA ; lnf, H ; lnne, S, 
lone, PP. Comb. : lone-day, a day for the 
settlement of disputes by arbitration, S2 ; 
PP ; lone-drnxy, affection, C2 ; tane-ele, 
reverence, S ; lone-longlnge, desire, fond 
affection, C2, S2; lnf-reden, good-will, 
S2 ; lnffcedyn, H (AS. lufr<kden) ; lnne- 
wnxtte, loveworthy, S. — AS. lufu. 

Lufli, adj. lovely, H ; tanelicn, loving, 
lovely, S ; lonelokest, superl, S2 ; lnne- 
liome, adv., S. — AS. luflic, adv. lujlice. 



Lufsum, adj. loveable, pleasant, S, 
SD ; lossom, S2. — AS. lufsum. 

Lufsumliche, adv. pleasantly, S. — 
AS. lufsumlice. 

Luft, adj. left, S, S2, PP ; see Lyft. 

Luft, sb. a weak creature, worthless fel- 
low, PP ; lift, HD. See above. 

Lugen, v. to drift about (on the waves), 

52 ; lnsgid,//., pulled about, PP. 
Lugit, pp. lodged, S3 ; see Loggen. 
Luke, v. to look, S3 ; see Loken. 
Lumpen,//, befallen, Sa ; see Llmpen. 
Luuarie, sb. moon-wort, C3 ; lnnaxy, 

HD. — OF. lunaire ; Late Lat. lunaria. 

Lure, sb. a bait, enticement, C3, HD. — 
OF. loerre, (now leurre) ; M.H.G. luoder, 
a bait (now luder). 

Lure, sb. loss, S ; lere, SD ; lire, SD.— 
AS. lyre. See Lesen. 

Lure, sb. face, SD ; see Leor. 

Luren, v. to lower, to look sullen, S ; 
lonre, S2, S3, PP ; lowren, PP. 

Luring 1 , sb. a looking sullen, S. 

Lurken, v. to lurk, PP; lor ken, PP; 
lnrkand,/r./., S2 ; lorked,//. s. t S2. 

Lurking, sb. hiding-place, Sa. 

Lust, sb. desire, inclination, pleasure, 
PP, S, S2, S3, H ; lest, Ca ; hleste, S ; 
lomteu, pi., S2 ; lnstis, W.— AS. lust. 

Lust, sb. the sense of hearing, S. — AS. 
hlyst : Icel. hlust, the ear. 

Lusten, v. to give ear, to list, S, PP ; 
listen, S; hlesten, S ; lhesten, S2 ; letsen, 
S2, S. — AS. hlystan ; cp. Icel. hlusta. 

Lusten, v. to desire, S,S3 ; lyst, ipr. s., 

53 ; lust, pr. s. impers., it pleases him, S, 
PP; list,S2,S3,C2,PP; lest,PP; liste, 
pr. s. subj, it may please, S ; teste, S, S3, 
C2, PP ; lnste, //. s. impers., S, S2 ; liste, 
S2, S3, C2 ; leste, Ca.— AS. lystan. 

Lustiheed, sb. pleasure, C2. 

Lustiness*, sb. pleasantness, S3. 

Lustnen, v. to listen, S ; lestenen, G ; 
llstnede,//. s. y S; lestned, S2. 

Lusty, adj. pleasant, S3, Ca, C3, PP; 
lnsti, joyful, S. 

Lutby, sb. paramour, H ; see Loteby. 

Lute, adj. little, S ; see Lyte. 

Lutel, adj. little, S, Sa ; see LyteL 

Luten, v. to stoop ; see Lonten. 

Lutfer, adj. bad, false, treacherous, S, 
PP, S2; ly*er, PP, H; lfoer, PP, S2 ; 
UBere, S, H; leoore, S.— AS. lydre. 


LuSerliche, adv. vilely, S. 

Lutlin, v. to diminish, S ; lntlen, S ; 
liteled, //. s. t S2.- AS. lytlian. See LyteL 

Luue, sb. love ; see Lnfe. 

Lycorys, sb. liquorice, Ca ; lyeoxesse, 
Cath. — AF. lycorys ; Late Lat liquiritia, 
glycyrrhiza\ Gr. yXvtcvtfifa lit 'sweet 

Lyf, sb. life, S, Sa ; lifne, S ; lines, gen . 
as adv., alive, S ; lynes, S, Ca ; line, dot., 
S, Sa ; lyne, S. Phr. : bring; o line, to 
kill, Sa (7. 198); on lyne, alive, S, Ca; 
nis lyf, during his life, Ca.— AS. Uf. 

Lyf, sb. a living person, a man, PP ; Uf, 
Sa ; lyfe, WA. 

Lyf-day, sb. life-time, PP; lif-da^e, 
dat. y S; lyfe-days,//., WA.— AS. llf-dag. 

Lyflode, sb. way of life, mode of life, 
S2, PP ; liflode, S, W ; means of living, 
PP ; Ujflode, W2 ; lynelade, victus, Cath. ; 
linelod, S3; lynelode, W.— AS. Uf+ldd, 
a course, provisions. 

Lyfly, adv. in a lively manner, S3. 

Lyft, adj. left, PP, Sz ; lnft, S, PP, Sa ; 
lift, S, PP, Sa; left, SkD. Comb. : 
lift-half, left side, Wa ; lnft-nond, left 
hand, PP.— AS. lyft, weak ; cp. ODu. luft, 
* laevus.' 

Lyft, sb. air, sky, PP. S3; lift, HD, 
Sa, H; lyfte, Sa; lnfte, dot., S; lifU, 
S2; lyfte, S2.— AS. lyft; cp. OS. luft, 
OHG. luft, Goth, luftus. Cf. toft. 

Lyften, v. to lift, shift, raise, PP ; lyft- 
ande, pr. p., S2 ; lyft, //. s., PP.— Icel. 
lypta. See Loft. 

Lyik, adj. like, Wa ; see Liche. 

Lyke-waik ; see Lien. 

Lykhame, sb. body, PP; see Lio- 

Lym, sb. lime, calx, Sa, C3 ; lyme, Voc 
Comb. : lym-rod, a limed rod, Ca ; lym- 
;erde, a limed twig, S3. — AS. Urn. 

Lymaille, sb. file-dust, C3; lymail, 
C3. — OF. limaille, from timer, to file ; Lat. 

Lymit, sb. limit, WA.— OF. limite; 
Lat. limitem (ace). 

Lymytour, sb. a friar licensed to ask 
alms within a certain limit, PP, C, CM ; 
limitator, Cath.; limitonr, PP.— OF. limi- 
teur (Cotg.); Church Lat HmUatorem 

Lynage, sb. lineage, descent, parentage, 
PP, S3, Ca, W ; linage, Ca, C3 ; lyns*es, 
pl, tribes, Sa ; lynagls, Wa. — AF. linage. 


Lynde, sb. linden-tree, HD, Voc., Ca, 
C ; linde, S.— AS. lind, l tilia ' (Voc.). 

Lyne, sb. cord, net, PP, S; line, S; 
lynes, //., snares for birds, PP; lines, 
PP.— AF. line; Lat. linea. 

Lynt-quMte, sb. linnet, S3, JD ; lint- 
white, lark, HD. — Cp. AS. Unet-wige, 
'carduelis' (Voc.), 'fronulus' (Voc), linet- 
uigle, ' fronulus * (Voc.). 

Lyp, sb. lip, Voc ; lyppe, Voc, Cath. ; 
lippe, //., S ; lippes, PP. Comb. : lyp- 
labonr, lip-labour, recitation of prayers, 
S3.— OFris. lippa ( = lip-j-a); cp. Lat. la- 
bium ; see Brugmann, § 337. 

Lype, sb. leap, Sa.— AS. hlyp (Voc). 
See Lepen. 

Lypp, sb. rennet, runnet, Voc. (666. 17) ; 
lepe, Voc (703. 44); Ub,Voc (591. 15). 

Lyre, sb. the muscle of the thigh, Cath. ; 
lere, Ca ; leer, the flank, HD.— AS. lira, 
'pulpa, viscum, caro' (Voc); cp. Icel. 

Lysnre, sb. list, edge of cloth, Prompt. ; 
llsnre, PP; lyaonr, PP; lyeer, PP.— 
OF. lisiere (for listiere). See Xilste. 

Lyte, adj. little, PP, S2, S3; lute, S; 
lite, S3, C2; lnt, S; lyt, C3; lit, S; 
lnyte, S2; lyte, adv., PP, C3, C3; lite, 
PP; lnte, S3.— AS. lyt: OS. lut. 

Lytel, adj. little, PP; Intel, S, S3; 
litel, S2, C3; lnitel, PP; luytel, PP; 
Intel, adv., S, Sa; litel, S; litl, S.— 



AS. lytel; cp. OS. luttil, OHG. /*m7(Ot- 
frid). . 

Lyth, sb. property; lythe, dot., HD. 
Phr. : lend and lith, PP. Notes (p. 336) ; 
lond ne' lith, HD.— Cp. Icel. lytSr, the 
common people; lyd-skylda, the homage 
of a liegeman to his lord. Cf. Aeod. 

Iiytfon, v. to listen, S, PP, HD ; lithen, 
PP ; liBe, S ; liBe*, imp. pi., S, G ; lytheth, 
G. — Icel. hlyda, from hljft, hearing, what 
is heard, a sound. See Xiowd. 

Lyfer, adj. bad, H, PP; li5er, S3, PP ; 
see Lifter. 

Lyvere, sb. something delivered to a 
dependent, livery, C ; lyverey (of cloth or 
other gifts), liberata, Prompt., G ; lyve- 
ray, corrodium, Cath.; levere, B. — AF. 
liveree, delivery, livery ; Late Lat. liberata 

Ly^en, v. to lie, tell lies, Ss, PP ; li)en, 
S; linen, to deceive, S; lye, S; lyte, 
PP ; lia;en, S ; lixt, 3/r. s., PP, G ; lixte, 
PP; le3he])J),/r.j.,S; lih«,PP,S3; Uth, 
PP ; lyjetJ, S2 ; lowe, 2pt. s., PP ; ly*ede, 
pt. s. (weak), PP ; lighed, pi. (weak), S2 ; 
ln?en, //., S ; lowen, pp., concealed by 
lying, S; lowen vpon, lied against, PP; 
i-lo;e, lied, S.— AS. ttogan, pt Uag (pi. 
lugon), pp. logen. 

Lyvere, sb. liar, S3, PP ; leghere, H ; 
li5ere,PP, S; lyjer»,//.,S3.— AS. l&gere. 

Ly^te, pt. s. alighted, PP; ly3t, pp., 
S3 ; see Liffhte, 


M, the first letter of master or master- 
ship, S3. 

Ha, v. to make, S2 ; see Make. 

Ha, adv. more, S, Ss ; see Mo. 

Mace, sb. mace, club, PP, Cath., Voc; 
sceptrum, ND, Manip.; mas, //., B; 
masis, B; macyss, B.— AF. mace (F. 
masse); cp. Low Lat massa (Ducange); 
It. mazza ; Late Lat. matia ; Lat. *matea 
(found in mateold) ; see Diez. 

Macer, sb. mace-bearer (in court of 
justice) ; maeeres, pi., PP. 

Macull, sb. stain, S3. Lat. macula. 

Mad, adj. mad, foolish, PP ; maad, SD ; 
made, Cath. ; mad, sb., a mad person, S3 ; 

Mad, pp. made, S, C, G ; see Kaken. 

Madden, v. to be mad, PP ; maddith, 
pr. s., W ; maddist, 2 pr. s., W ; maddid, 
pt. s., maddened, PP ; pp. W. 

MflU, sb. kinsman, S ; mai, S ; mey, S ; 
may, a person, S3. — AS. m<kg (pi. mdgas) : 
Goth, megs ; see Sievers, 17. Cf. Kay. 

Mai, pr. s. may, can, S ; mai, S ; may, 
Ss; mai*, S; mai;, S; mei, S; mey, 
S3 ; ma*ie, ma&, S ; maht, 2 pr. s., S ; 
mahht,S; mi3t,S; miht, S, S2; mlhht, 
S ; myht, S, S3 ; ma£en, pi., S ; mahen, 
S ; mane, S ; mawe, S ; mowen, S ; 
mo, S ; mowe, S, S3, C ; mage, S ; 
mnhe, S ; mnee, S ; mwne, S ; mnwen, 
S; mn^en, S; mn^henn, S; mn^e, S; 
monn, S, W ; monwen, S ; mown, S3 ; 
mo;e, Ss ; mow, P ; y-may, S3. Comb. : 
maistow, mayest thou, S3. — AS. mag, I 



can, a pr. s., meaht, miht, pi. magon, opt. 
mage, mage, muge, pi. mahan, mugon. See 
Sievers, 424. 
Masse-dai, sb. mass-day, S; see 

Mahonn, sb. Mahomet, Sa ; Mahonnds, 
HD. — OF. Mahom, Mahoms, also Mahum, 
Mahumet (Roland); Arab. Muhammed, 
' the praised.' Cf. Kanmet. 

Maht ; see Met. 

Mahte, //. s. might, S; minte, S; 
mlcnte, S; migte, S ; miote, S ; myhte, 
S ; monote, S ; mulite, S ; mi^te, S2 ; 
nmg;nt, S2, H ; my3te, S2 ; mongnt, S3, 
H ; mocnt,//., S2 ; moffht, S2. Comb. : 
mlhti (for mihte hi), might they, S ; mlhti 
(for miht I), might I, S2 ; mainton, 
mightest thou, PP. — AS. meahte, mihte, 
pt. s. of mag, I can. See M»i. 

Maille, sb. mail -armour, C2 ; maylle, 
Cath. ; male, S3, Cath. ; mayles, pi., 
SkD.— OF. maille \ Lat. macula. See 

Make, sb. mate, spouse, S, S2, S3, C, 
C2, P, Prompt. ; makes, //., S2 ; makes, 
Sa ; makys, S3. — AS. {ge)maca. 

Maken, v. to make, cause, build, com- 
pose, write, PP, S; maklen, S; macien, 
S; makye, Sa ; mak, Sa; ma, Sa, B; 
mtdSypr.s.yB, Sa; mas,Sa; mais,//.,B; 
makede, pt. s., S ; maoliede, S ; makked, 
//., Sa ; maden, S, PP; maked, pp., PP, 
S, C; maad, C, PP; mad, S, C, G; y- 
maked, Sa, Ca ; y-maad, Sa, Ca ; y-mad, 
Sa ; i-maked, S ; i-maket, Sa ; i-made, 
P; i-mad, G; hi-makede, S.— AS. mac- 
ian ; cp. OHG. machdn (Otfrid). 

Maker, sb. maker, writer, author, SkD, 
Cath., ND ; makyere, Sa. 

Male, sb. bag, portmanteau, mail, C, 
C3, Prompt, Cath.; males, //., P.— OF. 
male (Cotg,); cp. Low Lat. mala (Du- 

Malencolve, sb. melancholy, PP ; ma- 
lencolie, C, Prompt. ; malicoly, WA. — 
OF. melancolie. 

Malencolyk, adj. melancholy, C — 
OF. melancohque. 

Malengine, sb. wicked artifice, HD; 
malengyne, malice, evil disposition, S3. — 
AF. malengin, fraud, ill-meaning; engirt, 
deceit, treachery (Bartsch). 

Malese, sb. sickness, PP; male ess, 
W ; male ess, B.— OF. malaise (Cotg.). 

Malice, sb. evil, W.— AF. malice', Lat. 


Malisun, sb. malediction, S, H, ND ; 
mallsoiin, C3. — OF. malison, maleiceon* 
maldeceon, maldisson (Ps. 108. 17); Lat. 
malediction em. 

Malliable, adj. malleable, C3.— OF. 
malleable, pliant to the hammer, hammer- 
able (Cotg.). 

Mamelek, sb. a mameluke, S3. — Arab. 
mamluk, a slave, a possession, from tnalaka, 
he possessed ; cp. It. mamaldcco (Florio). 

Mamely, v. to mumble, P; see 

Man, ipr.s. I must, SD;, Sa, 
B ; see Hon. 

Man, sb. man, any one, S ; husband, W ; 
mann, S ; men, S2 ; mon, S, S2 ; maun*, 
dat., S; me, S, S2, S3, W; nun, //., S; 
msmn, S ; mannen, gen., S ; manna, S2 ; 
mannen, manne, dat., S; menus, S. 
Comb. : manned(e), manhood, Sa, C ; 
manheid, S2 ; mankin, mankind, S ; mon- 

kin, S ; monenn, S ; man-ken, S ; man- 
konne, S ; mon-kunne, S ; man- 
qualm, pestilence, H ; man-qnellere, mur- 
derer, executioner, S2, S3, W, Wa; mon- 
qnellere, S; man-red(e), homage, S; 
nuuusoipe, homage, honour, S; mon- 
sla^e, man-slayer, S; man-slecht, man- 
slaughter, S ; man-sleiht, S ; man-slsere, 
murderer, W2 ; mon-J>ewes, the morality 
of a grown up man, S. — AS. man. 

Manace, sb. threat, C, SkD; manas, 
S2, WA, SkD ; mananee, B ; manassls, 
manaasls, pi., W. — OF. manace; Lat. 
minacia ; see Constans. 

Manacen, v. to threaten, Ca, PP; 
manasslde, pt. s., Sa, W; manaasslds, 
Wa ; manansyt, B. — OF. menace r. 
lanasyng, sb. threatening, C, B. 
!an-ao, sb. perjury, SD; mans! 
pi., S. — AS. mdn-dd; cp. Icel. mein-eidr. 
AS. mdn, wicked, wickedness; cp. Icel. 
meinn, base, mein, harm. 

Manciple, sb. purveyor, S ; see Mann- 

Manden, v. to send forth, to command, 
Sa. — OF. mander\ Lat. mandare. 

Mandragora, sb. mandrake, ND ; 
mandrofforis, //., Wa. — OF. mandragore 
(Cotg.) ; Lat. mandragora (Vulg.). 

Mandrak, sb. mandrake, Voc. ; man- 
dragg*, Prompt ; mandrake, Cath. 

Mane, sb. complaint, Sa ; see Hone. 

Maner, sb. manor, PP; manere, P, 
Voc. ; manoir, PP ; maners, //., farms, 
possessions, W; maneres, P.— AF. manere, 


matter, manoir; Late Lat. manerium (Du- 

Manere, sb. a kind, sort, also manner, 
custom, S, Sa, C, P ; manair, Sa ; manar, 
S3, C, P ; measure, moderation, W ; man- 
ors,//., Sa. Phr. : of manara, in bis be- 
haviour, Ca ; maner doctrine, kind of 
doctrine, Ca ; manor thing 1 , maner ser- 
geant, man«r wyse, maner wyght, Ca. 
— AF. manere ; Late Lat maner ia, a kind, 
species (Ducange). 

Mangen, Mangerie; see Kaun- 
gen, BCanngerye. 

Manicle, sb. manacle, Cotg. ; manyole, 
Prompt; manakelle, Cath. ; manykils, 
//., H. — AF. manicle; Lat. manicula, 
dimin. of manica, glove, handcuff. 

Maniple, sb. a scarf-like ornament worn 
about the left wrist of a sacrificing priest 
(Cotg.).— OF. manople (Cotg.). 

Manke, sb. mancus, a piece of money, 
S ; Low Lat. mancus (Ducange). 

Manliche, adj. humane, P; manly, 
adv., boldly, Sa, G ; monlnker, comp. t S. 

Mansed, pp. excommunicated, cursed, 
P; monsede, PP. — For amansed; AS. 
amdnsed. See ▲mansion. 

Mansion, sb. mansion (a term in astro- 
logy), Ca. — AF. mansion ; Late Lat. man- 

Mantel, sb. mantle, S; mentll,Wa.— 
AF. mantel. 

Mantelet, sb. a little mantle, C. — OF. 
mantelet (Cotg.). 

Mantled, pp. covered, adorned with 
flowers, S3 ; i-mantlet, mantled, S. 

Manye, adj. many, PP ; manige, S ; 
xnanl^e, S; manie, manl, S; moni, S, 
Sa ; mony, S. Comb. : manlfeaM, mani- 
fold, S; maTrifaM, S; manigefold, S; 
monifald, moninold, S; maniftttldlioe, 
manifold, S ; monyvolde, Sa ; monimon, 
S2 ; monion, Sa ; mani^-wnatt, many a 
subject, S ; manywhat, Sa. — AS. manig. 

Marchanndine, sb. merchandise, traf- 
fic, PP; marohanndye, Sa. — AF. mar- 

Marchannt, sb. merchant, PP; mar- 
chants, //., Sa; marcnans, PP. — AF. 
marchant, merchdunt, OF. march (ant, mar- 
ceant (Bartsch); Late Lat mercatantem, 
see Brachet. 

Marche, sb. the month of March, 
Prompt. ; mershe, Sa. — Late Lat. marcius 

(Prompt); Lat. martins, the month of 



Marche, sb. a border of a territory, dis- 
trict, province, PP, Cath. Comb. : maroh- 
parti, border-country, S3. — AF. marche. 

Marchen, v. to border, SD ; marehetli 
to, borders on, Sa. 

Marchen, v. to march, go, PP.— OF. 
marcher (Cotg.). 

Mare, adj. comp. greater, S ; see More. 

Mar ewe, sb. morning, Sa ; see Morwe. 

Margarite, sb. pearl, Cath., W, Wa ; 
margrite, WA ; margexy, Prompt. ; 
margaritis,//., W. Comb.: margery(e)- 
perles, pearls, Sa, PP, Palsg. — Lat. mar- 
garita (Vulg.) ; Gr. fiapyapiTijs. 

Marie, v. to give in marriage, PP; 
marieden, //. //., were married, PP; 
marled, PP ; y-maried, PP.— OF. marier; 
Lat. maritare. 

Marie, inter;, marry ! i. e. by S. Mary ! 
C3 ; mari, PP. 

Mark, sb. a coin, Prompt., C3, PP; 
mark*, PP; mark,//., C3; maro, S3.— 
AF. marc ; cp. Low Lat. marca (Ducange). 

Markifl, sb. marquis, Ca.— AF. marc his; 
Low Lat marchensis, the governor of the 
marches or frontiers. See Marche. 

Markimegse, sb. marchioness, Ca. 

Marie, sb. marl, creta, Cath., Voc.; 
marie, marga, Manip. ; marl, chalk, 
Prompt. — OF. marie (mod. marne); Late 
Lat. margila ; dimin. of marga (Pliny). 

Marl-pytte, sb. chalk-pit, Prompt 

Marlyd, adj. cretatus, Prompt.; y- 
marled, Sa. 

Marschal, sb. marshal, steward, C, 
PP; maroha1,PP; marsohall, B; mars- 
ohalle, Cath.; maresonal, PP. — AF. 
mareschal (marchal); Low Lat maris- 
calcus ; OHG. maraschalh, a horse- 
servant ; OHG. marah + OHG. schalh : 
Goth, skalks. See Mare. 

Martre, sb. marten, a kind of Weasel. 
SkD.— OF. martre. Cf. Kertt. 

Martrik, sb. marten, S3 ; mertrik, JD. 

Martryn, sb. marten's fur, HD ; mar- 
erns, /A, H 
trons, HD. 

terns, // , HD ; marterons, HD ; ma- 

Martyr, sb. martyr, Cath. — AF. martir; 
Church Lat. martyr (Vulg.) ; Gr. n&prvp. 

Martyr, v. to torment, Cath.; mar- 
tyre, C. — AF. martirer. 
Martyrdome, sb. torment, martyrdom, 
Cath. ; marttrdam, C. 
I Mary, sb. marrow, C, C3, Prompt., 
I Cath. (n) ; marghe, Cath. ; mergh, H ; 



merffne, Cath. (»), H ; mar5, Cath. (ri) ; 
merow;, W2; merowis, //., W2.— AS. 

Maschen, v. to mash, beat into a 
confused mass; masonyn (in brewing), 
Prompt. ; mesne, S.— Cp. MHG. meisch ; 
see Kluge. 

Mase, sb. maze, confusion, a wild fancy, 
confused throng, P, S2, C. 

Mased, pp. confused, bewildered, WA, 

PP, S2, C3. 

Masednesse, sb. amaze, C2. 

Maseliche, adv. confusedly, SkD (s.v. 

Maselin, sb. a kind of drinking-cup, 
sometimes made of maslin, HD ; maselyn, 
C2. See Mestlin*. 

Massage, sb. message, S3 ; see Message. 

Masse, sb. mass, P ; see Messe. 

Mast, most, S2 ; see Most. 

Mastil^on, sb. mixtilio, a mixture of 
wheat and rye, Cath.; mastlyone, HD 
(s.v. maslin) ; mastline, ND ; mestlyone, 
mixtilio, Prompt.— Late Lat. mestillionem, 
mistilionem, mestilonem, see Ducange (s.v. 
mixtum), also mixtilionem (Voc); cp. 
OF. mesteil(meteilinCotg.). Cp.Mestling;. 

Mat,//, s. measured, W; see Meten. 

Mate, adj. defeated utterly, confounded, 
exhausted, dispirited, B, SkD ; mat, C3 ; 
maat, C, S3.— OF. mat ; Arab, mdt, dead 
(used in chess). 

Mate, sb. checkmate, S3. 

Maten, v. to checkmate, defeat, con- 
found, S3, HD; matyn, Prompt.— OF. 

Matere, sb. material, stuff, matter, sub- 
ject, S2, C, C2, C3, PP ; mater, PP ; ma- 
**3SZS^, ?P ; matter©, S2 ; materie, S2. 
^OF. matere ; Lat. materia. 

MaSelen, v. to talk, S.— AS. matfelian, 

to harangue, from model, council, meeting ; 

cp. Goth, mathljan, to speak, from math/, 

a meeting-place, market, also Icel. mala, 

from mdl; herewith is connected Low Lat. 

mallum, parliament. 
Maffom, sb. treasure, SD ; madmes,//., 

S.— AS. mdtium {mddm). 
Matrimoyne, sb. matrimony, C ; ma- 

termoyn, H. — AF. matrimonii ; Lat. ma- 

Mangre, prep, in spite of, S2, S3, C, 

C2; maugfree, S2; mawgre, C; maw- 

greith, PP.— OF. maugre (F. malgri); 

Lat malum +gratum. 


Mangre, sb. illwill, PP; mawgre, S2, 
P ; mawffry, Cath. ; manger, S3. Phr. 1 
in the magffer of, in spite of, S3; addyllo 
mawgry, demeritare, Cath. 

Manmet, sb. idol, puppet, doll, ND, S2, 
PP; mawmet,W,H; mawment, Prompt., 
Cath. ; mawmes, mawmez, pi., S ; mau- 
mettls, W ; maumetys, mawmetis, //., 
H ; mammets, Sh. — OF. mahumet, idol, 
also Muhammed. See Manoun. 

Manmettrie, sb. idolatry, Mahomet- 
anism, S2 ; manmettrye, C3 ; mawmetry, 
H; mawmetrye, PP; mawmentxye, 
Prompt. ; maomentry, WA. 

Manndple,^. purveyor, C,C3; man- 
ciple, S.— OF. mancipei Olt mancipio, 
slave, vassal, bailiff, manciple ; Lat man- 
cipium, slave, properly possession, property. 
For the intrusive /, see Cronide. 

Maundee, sb. maundy, the washing of 
the disciples' feet, PP.— OF. mandi\ Church 
Lat. mandatum, the foot-washing (Du- 
cange); Lat. mandatum, something com- 
manded. SeeManden. 

Maundement, sb. commandment, W, 
PP; manndemens,//., S2.— OF. mande- 
ment (Cotg.). 

Maungen, v. to eat, PP; managed, 
pp., P ; i-mannget, S2 ; manged, PP. — 
OF. mangier', Lat. manducare. 

Maungerye, sb. a feast, PP; man- 
gerie, PP; mangerye, G. — AF. man- 

Mavis, sb. the thrush, Cotg. ; mavioe, 
Prompt. ; mavys, Palsg. ; mavyss, S3. — 
OF. mauvis (Cotg.); cp. It. maluiccio 

Mawe, sb. maw, stomach, C2, C3, Wa, 

PP; maw, PP; magne ( = vulva), H.— 

AS. maga (Voc). 
Mawe, Mayct ; see Meoi. 
May, sb. the month of May, PP; mejr, 

S2.— OF. mai\ Lat. mains. 
May, sb. a virgin, S2, S3, C3, PP, JD. — 

AS. m<kg, ' (cognata) femina, virgo; see 

Grein. Cf. Masi. 
May, pr. s. may, can, S2 ; see MseL 
May, adj. comp. pi. more in number, B ; 

see Mo. 
Mayde, sb. maid, PP, SkD; maide, 

PP, S; meide,S; made, S. 
Maydea, sb. maiden, PP; maydene, 

PP ; meiden, S, SkD ; maiden, S ; may- 
denes, pi., bachelors 'and spinsters, PP ; 

maidenes, S; maydnes, S. — AS. tnaden 

(Voc.), magden (Grein). 


Maydenhod(e), sb. virginity, PP, C ; 
maydenhede, C3 ; meidenned, SkD. 

Mayn, sb. strength, S3, G, PP, B; 
main, S : mane, B. — AS. magm ; cp. I eel. 

Mayne, sb. a company, S2 ; mayny, 
S2 ; see Meyne. 

Maynfdl, adj. powerful, SD; meta- 
rule, S. 

Mayre, sb. mayor, PP; malre, PP; 
meyr, Prompt. ; maires, pl. t P ; metres, 
S2, PP; meyris, chief justices, W.— AF. 
mcyre, meire, meir, moire ; Lat. tnaiorem, 

Mavster, sb. master, S, C, S2 ; mays- 

tyr, Prompt.; maister, S, C, C2, S2 ; 

maistre, P ; meister, S ; maistres, //., 

I S2, G, P; maistris, W2.— OF. maistre \ 

! Lat magistrum. 

I Mayster, adj. chief; maister, C, C2 ; 
i meister, S. — OF. maistre. 

Xaysterfal, adj. powerful; maistir- 

Maystresse, sb. mistress, Prompt.; 
maistresse, S2, Ca. — OF. maistresse 

Xaystrye, sb. mastery, Prompt, PP, 
S2 ; maistri(e), S2, W2 ; maistry, S3 ; 
maistre, C ; meystry, S2 ; mastry, B. — 
OF. maistrie. 

Me, conj. but, S, SD.— Cp. OLG. men. 

Me, pron. indef. a man, one, people, PP, 
S, S2, S3, W; see Men. 

Mearren, v. to mar, S ; see Kerren. 

Mebles, moveable property, PP; 
see Mobyle. 

Mede, sb. mead (the drink), C2, Prompt. ; 
methe, SkD; math, CM. — AS. meodu 
(see Sievers, 106) ; cp. Gr. jjUOv. 

Mede, sb. mead, meadow, S, C, PP; 
medewe, Prompt. Comb.: medwe-grene, 
green as a meadow, S2. — AS. m<kd (pi. 
nukdwd) ; see Sievers, 259. 

Mede, sb. reward, bribery, S, S2, S3, 
W2, P ; meede, S2, G ; meed, S3 ; meede, 
C, W. Comb. : med-^ierne, yearning for 
reward, S; medyorne, S. — AS. mSd\ 
OMerc. meord (OET) : Goth, mizdo ; see 
Sievers, 181. 

Meden, v. to reward, PP, Prompt. 

Mediae, adj. mixed in colour, C ; 
, Prompt. — OF. medle, mesle. Cf. 



Medlen, v. to mix, Prompt, C3, W2, 
W ; mell, S3 ; melland,/r./., B ; melles, 

pr. s., H ; mellede, pt. s., S2 ; mellid, 
PP; meUit, pp., S3; y-melled, S2; y. 
medled, S3.— OF. medler, mesler; Late 
Lat misculare, from miscere. 

Medlynffe, sb. mixture, joining; medd- 
lynffe, W, W2 ; mellyns;, mingling, fight- 
ing, S2. 

Medwe-grene, adj. green as a meadow, 
S2 ; see Mede. 

Meel, sb. a stated time, meal, C, C3 ; 
mel,S; mele,//., meal-times, S ; meeles, 
S2,PP; meles,PP.— KS.nukli Go\h.mel' 9 
see Sievers, 1 7. 

Meiden, sb. maiden, S ; see Mayden* 

Meined, pp. mixed, S2 ; meint, S3 ; 
see Mengen. 

Meinfole, adj. powerful, S ; see Mayn- 

Meire, sb. mayor, S2 ; see Kayre. 

Meister, adj. chief, S ; see Mayster. 

Meister, sb. master, S ; see Mayster* 

Meistre, sb. mistress, S. 

Meistren, v. to be master of, S. 

MeiS-had, sb. virginity; melSnades, 
gen., S. — AS. mcegtihdS, from mag8, virgin, 
woman : Goth, magaths ; see Sievers, 49. 

Meke, adj. meek, C, C2, Prompt.; meoo, 
S. — Icel. mjilkr, soft. 

Mekely, adv. meekly, Prompt. ; mekly, 
S2 ; meocliB, S. 

Meken, v. to render meek, to humble, 
S2, S3, W, W2, P, Prompt. 

Mekenesse, sb. softness, clemency, 
Prompt. ; meknes, S2 ; meoenesse, S. 

Mekil, adj. much, S3 ; see Moenel. 

Mel, sb. a meal, S ; see Meel. 

Meiden, v. to show, SD ; meld, to ac- 
cuse, S2. — AS. meldian (Voc); cp. OHG. 
melddn (Otfrid). 

Mele, sb. meal, ground corn, S, PP. — 
AS. meolu (Sievers, 249); cp. OHG. melo 

Melen, v. to speak, to converse, PP, 
S2, WA; meUeth, fr. s. y P; mellud, 
pt. s., P. — AS. (ge)mcelan. 

Mell, v. to mix, mingle, meddle, fight 
with, B, S3, H, WA; see Medlen. 

Mell£, sb. an affray, contest, medley, 
B.— OF. tnellee, meslee. Cf. Medlee. 

Mellere, sb. miller, C ; see Mylnere. ■ 

Mel-Stan, sb. mill-stone, S ; see Mylle. 

Melten, v. to melt, PP; molte,//. J., 
S3. — AS. mellan> pt. s. mealt (mdli), pi. 
multon, pp. molten. 




Membre, sb. member, limb, PP. — AF. 
membre; Lat. membrum. 

Men,, pron. indef. a man, one, people, 
PP, S2 ; me, S. See Man. 

Mene, adj. common, poor, mean, PP, 
S3 ; meane, S. — AS. {ge)m<kne, common. 

Mene, adj. mean, middle, S2, C3 ; 
meyne, Cath. Comb.: menetohile, mean- 
while, S2 ; menewhiles, S2. — AF. mene ; 
OF. tneiain (F. moyeri) ; Lat. medianum. 

Mene, sb. a mean, mediator, PP, HD ; 
meane, S3.; menes, j>/.., means, S2, C3, P. 
See above. 

Menen, v. to mean, signify, to intend, 
PP, S,CM, S2,WA. 

Menen, v. to remember, H, HD; 
meyne, B. 

Menen, v. to complain, lament, be- 
moan, S2, PP, WA ; meyne, B ; menys, 
pr. s. 4 S3 ; menyt, pt. s., S2 ; ment, S2. — 
AS. mcenan, to make moan, complain. See 

Mengen, v. to commemorate, mention, 
remember, PP, WA ; mungfe, PP ; 
.mineffen, S; mengen here, v. refl. to 
jemember herself, reflect, PP. — AS. (ge)- 
mynegian, to remember, remind. 

Mengen, v. to mix, PP, H, S2 ; miner- 
en, S3; myng > en,.W; mynglde, pt. s., 
W ; meynde, S ; meeingde, S ; i-mengd, 
pp., S; meynd, S, S2,W; meined, S2; 
meint, S3 ; meynt, S3 ; ment, S3 ; y- 
mengd, S2 ; y-meynd, C ; i-meind, S. — 
AS. (ge)mengan. 

Mennesse, sb. communion, fellowship, 
S2. See Mene. 

Mennisc, adj. humanus, SD; man- 
nish, man-like, C3. — AS. mennisc, man- 
nish, human ; cp. Icel. mennskr. 

Mennisscle;;c, sb. humanity, S. 

Mennisscnesse, sb, humanity, S. 

Menske, sb. honour, dignity among 
men, S, S2, HD; mensk, S2, B; mensc, 
favour, S2. — Icel. mennska, humanity. 

Menskelye, adv. worthily, reverently, 
S2 ; menskly, B. 

Mensken, v. to honour, S, HD, S2, P. 

Menskfol, adj. worshipful, noble, Sa. 

Menskfnlly, adv. honourably, B. 

Menstralcye, sb. minstrelsy, C; see 

Ment ; see Menen (3) and Mengen. 

Mentll, sb. mantle, W2 ; see Mantel. 

Menosen, v. to minish, make less, SkD, 
WW, CM; minyshe, S3.— AF. menuser, 


OF. menuisier ; Late Lat, minutiare, from 
minutus, lessened. 

Menynge, sb. meaning, signification, 
intention, PP. 

Menyng(e), sb. remembrance, mention, 

Menyng(e), sb. complaining, PP. 

Men^e, a company, S2 ; men^ne, S2 ; 
see Meyne. 

Meobles, sb. pi., moveable property, 
PP ; see Mobyle. 

Meoc, adj. meek, S ; see Meke. 

Meocle^C, sb. meekness, S. — Icel. 
mjiikleikr, nimbleness. 

Meocnesse, sb. meekness, S ; see 

Mercy, sb. mercy, Prompt. ; merci, S ; 
mercy, (your) pardon, P. — AF. merci, OF. 
mercid; Late Lat. mercedem, a gratuity, 
pity, mercy ; in Lat. pay, reward. 

Mercyable, adj. merciful, C2, PP. 

Mercyen, v. to thank, PP, S2 ; mer- 
cien, to amerce, fine, PP.— OF, mercier, 
to thank. 

Mercyntent, sb. amercement, fine, P, 
Prompt., Cath. — Late Lat. merciamentum. 

Mere, adj. famous, S; mare, S. — AS. 
m<kre {mire) : Goth, mers ; see Fick (7. 
233). and Sievers, 17. 

Mere, sb. a mare, S2, C, Cath. ; xneere, 
Prompt. — AS. mere, I. of mearh, horse ; cp. 
Olr. marc. 

Mere, sb. limit, boundary, S2 ; meer, 
Prompt. Comb. : mere-stane, boundary 
stone, Cath.— AS. (ge)m<kre. 

Mere, sb. sea, a mere, Prompt., WA. 
Comb. : mere-mayd, mermaid, siren, CM ; 
mermayde, C ; mere-swin, porpoise, SD; 
mersnine, pi., S2. — AS. mere, sea, lake: 
OHG. mari; cp. Goth, marei. 

Merels, sb. pi. merelles, or nine men's 
morris, S3. — OF. merelles (Cotg.); merel 
(Ducange) ; cp. Low Lat. merellus, mcral- 
lus, a counter, token, a piece in draughts 
(Ducange) ; see Brachet. 

Merghe, sb. marrow, H, Cath. (n) ; see 

Merghid, pp. full of marrow, H. 

Meridional, adj. southern, C2. — OF. 
meridional (Cotg.). From Lat. meridUs, 

Merke, adj. dark, mirk, murky, PP, 
CM, S2, H ; mirke, S, S2, H ; myrk, Sa, 
H; merk, PP; meerk, PP.— AS. myrce, 
mirce, mure, cp. Icel. myrkr, Dan. mork* 


Xerke, sb. darkness, PP. 

Merkenesse, sb. darkness, PP ; mlxk- 
enes, Si, H ; myrknes, S2, H. 

Merle, sb. blackbird, S3, ND.— OF. 
merle (Cotg.) ; Lat. merula. 

Merling, sb. the whiting, S2, Manip., 
Cotg. ; merlynge, Prompt. — OF. merlan 
(Cotg.), from Lat. merula (cp. Late Lat. 
merula in Voc. 642. 13). 

Merlion, sb. merlin, a small hawk, CM ; 
merlyone, Prompt. ; marlln, Cotg. — OF. 
esmerillon (Cotg.), dimin. of *esmerle; 
cp. It. smerlo (Florio), G. schmerl. 

Mermayde, sb. mermaid, C; see 
Mere, sb. (3). 

Merren, v. to mar, S ; mearren, S ; 
marre, PP; merrft, pr. pi., S. — AS. mer- 
ran (in compounds) : OS. merrian, to hin- 
der : OHG. marrjan : Goth, marzjan. 

Mersche, sb. marsh, SkD; merslie, 
dot., S. — AS. mersc. 

Mershe, sb. March, S2 ; see Marche. 

Mersnine, sb. pi. porpoises, S2 ; see 
Mere, sb. (3). 

Merthe, sb. mirth, PP ; see Murthe. 

Merneile, sb. marvel, wonder, PP; 
merueyle, S2 ; meruallle, C2 ; mervaylle, 
C. — OF. merveille ; Lat. mirabilia (n. pi.). 

MerueillOTls(e), adj. marvellous, C2, 
PP.— OF. merveillos. 

Mery, adj. merry, cheerful, pleasant, 
PP ; merle, S, C, C2 ; merye, Wa ; miri, 
S; mirye, CM; myry, Prompt.; myrle, 
Wa ; nmri(e), S, C ; merle, adv., Sa, C2 ; 
muryer, comp., P; myrlest, suferl., S2. 
Comb.: merlmake, merrymaking, S3; 
merle men, followers, C2 ; myry tottyr, a 
merry totter, swing, Prompt. ; myry weder, 
pleasant weather, Prompt.; mery weder, 
Prompt. (»), Bardsley (p. 473). — AS. merg 

Mes-, prejix ; mis- ; my*-. — OF. mes- \ 
Lat. minus, see Constans. 

Mesauentnr, sb. misadventure, S; 
mesanntare, S2 ; misauentare, C2, C3. 

Meschannce, sb. mischance, Sa, C, 
C2, P; mysohawnoe, S2. 

Meschenen, v. to come to mischief, 
SD ; mlacheefe, destruere, Manip. 

Meschie£ sb. ill-fortune, C ; myschlef, 
S2, P; miMch±ete,Jlagitium, Manip. 

Meseise, sb. discomfort, PP, S2 ; mls- 
eise, PP ; myaelse, PP, S2, W ; myseese, 
W; myseyae, adj., uneasy, P; 
sb., S. 



Meseiflte, sb. poverty; myselste, W2. 

Mesel, sb. leper, CM, PP, W.— AF. 
mesel; Late Lat. misellus, leper (Ducange), 
dimin. of Lat. miser, wretched. 

Meselrye, sb. leprosy, Cath. (n) ; me- 
sylery, Voc. — OF, mesellerie, leprosy (Du- 
cange). See above. 

Meson-den, sb. hospital, PP ; malson- 
dewe, Cath. («), HD ; maayndewe, Cath. ; 
mesondieux, pi., P. — OF. tnaison Dieu, 
hospital (Cotg.). 

Message, sb. mission, message, mes- 
senger, S2, C3 ; maasage, S3. — AF. mes- 
sage ; Late Lat. missaticum (Brachet). 

Messager, sb. messenger, S2, C, C2, 
C3, G, PP; maaager, PP; meaaangar, 
PP. — AF. messager. 

Messe, sb. mass, S, P; mesa, S3; 
maaae, P ; messes,//., P. Comb. : messe- 
bok, mass-book, S ; meaae-coa, mass-kiss, 
S; maMwe-dsfl, mass-day, S ; messe-ffere, 
mass-gear, S; maaae-peny, mass-fee, S3; 
masaepana, pi., P. — AS. masse ; Church 
Lat. missa. 

Meste, adj. superl. greatest, chief, S, 
S2 ; meste, C2 ; see Most. 

Mester, sb. art, trade, occupation, PP, 
C, CM ; meatier, PP, HD ; melater, S ; 
meoater, S ; myater, PP, B ; mister, B ; 
mlstelr, B. Phr. : master men, sort of 
men, C— OF. and AF. mester, mestier, 
occupation, business, need; Lat. minis- 
terium, see Brachet (s.v. mitier). 

Mester, sb. need, want; mister, $2, 
B, HD, Cath. ; myster, C, B; mystelr, 
S2 ; mystur, HD ; mystir, B ; mystere, 
HD, H. The same word as above, see 
NQ (6. 4. 161). 

Meriting, sb. a kind of mixed metal, 
Cath. {p. 230, n. 3) ; maaalyne, Cath. — 
AS. mastling (mastlinc, ' auricalcos,' Voc). 
Cf. Maaelin. 

Meriting, sb. mixed com, Cath. (p. 
3 30 j #• 3) ; mastlyn, HD ; maaalin, Cotg. 
(s. v. metail)\ maslin, HD; mealln, 
Prompt. (/. 335 »), Cotg. (s.v. tramois); 
measllng, Cotg. Cf. Masttt^on. 

Mesnrable, adj. moderate, C, C2, C3, 
P ; mesurabul, S2. 

Mesnre, sb. measure, moderation, S2, 
C2, PP; mesnr, S2, B; meosure, S. — 
AF. mesure ; Lat. mensura. 

Met, sb. measure, moderation, S ; mete, 
dat., S; meete, S2.— AS. {ge)met. Cf. 

Mete, adj. meet, fitting, close-fitting, S2, 
L 2 



S3, Prompt.— AS. m<kte, tight-fitting; cp. 
(ge)met, meet, fit, see SkD. 

Met6 9 sb. food, a meal, feast, S, S2, C, 
W2, PP; meten, //., S; meetis, Wa. 
Comb.i mete-graees, graces at meat, S; 
mete-nlftinffes, meat-niggards, S. — AS. 
mete (OET) : Goth, mats, from matjan, 
to eat ; see Sievers, 263. 

Metels, sb. dream, vision, PP ; meteles, 
PP. See below. 

Meten, v. to dream, CM, PP, S ; meet- 
en, S2, PP; mette, //. s., C2, P; met, 
pp., C— AS. mattan. 

Meten, v. to paint, design, SD ; metedd, 
pp., S. 

Meten, v. to meet, PP; mette, pt. s. y 
S.— AS. mitan : OS. mdtian. From AS. 
mdt. See Moot. 

Meten, v. to mete, measure, S2 ; meete, 
W2 ; mete, P ; met, S2 ; meten, pr. pi., 
W; mat, pt. s., W. — AS. (ge)metan\ cp. 
Goth, mitan, see Sievers, 19. 

Mete-wand, jA a measuring stick, WW. 

Mete-yarde, sb. measuring-rod, S3, 

Meth, adj. mild, courteous, HD; metne, 

Meth, sb. moderation, mildness, S, S2, 
WA; meaft, S; mej>e, S2.— AS. matt, 

Methes-chele, sb. marten's skin, S. — 
AS. meard (Voc). 

MeV-ful, adj. moderate, S. 

Me8-le8 f adj. immoderate; mepeles, 

Metrete, sb. measure, W. — Lat. metreta 

Metyng(e), sb. dreaming, PP; met- 
ing-e, S. — AS. m<kting (Grein). 

Metynge, sb. measuring, measure ; met- 
ing*, S2. 

Menen, v. to move, suggest, PP; 
mened, pp., S3 ; see Monen. 

Mewe, sb. a coop for fowls, C, C2, 
Manip. ; mne, SD. — OF. mue, a coop for 
fowls, the moulting of feathers (Cotg.). 
See below. 

Me wen, v. to mew, moult, SkD, Cotg. 
— OF. muer (Cotg.); Lat. mutare, to 
c hange. Cf. Monttn. 

Mey, sb. May, S2 ; see May. 

Meyn, sb. intent, S3 ; mein, JD. See 

Meyn, v. to remember, be mindful of, 
B ; meyne, B ; see Menen. 


Meyne, v. to moan, lament, B; see 

Meyne, sb, household, retinue, train, 
company, S2, S3, C, W, PP; meynee, C2, 
W2; meyny, S2; mayne, S2; mayny, 
S2, S3 ; melne, S2 ; men^e, S2, H, Cath. ; 
men^he, S2 ; meany, S3 ; meny, Prompt. ; 
meynes, pi., W ; meynees, W2; menses, 
mentis, H. — OF. meisnee, maisnee; Low 
Lat. maisnada, *mansionata, from Lat. 

Meyneal, adj. homely, W; of one's 
household, W2 ; menyall, SkD; mey- 
neals,, they of the household, W2. 
See above. 

Meynpernonr, sb. a taker by the hand, 
bail, surety, P. — AF. meynpernour. 

Meynprise, sb. a taking by the hand, 
bail, security, P; maynpris, G. — AF. 

Meynprise, v. to be surety for, PP. 

Meyntene, v. to support, abet (in an 
action at law), P, S2 ; mayntene, to main- 
tain, C, P. — AF. meyntener. 

Meyntenonr, sb. supporter, PP.— AF. 

Miche, adj. much, S2 ; see Mocne. 

Mid (i)iprep. with, S, S2 ; myd, S, S2, 
P ; mlt, S ; mide, S, S2 ; myde, S 2. Comb. : 
mitte (mlt pe), with the, S2 ; mitte imit 
pe), with thee, S ; mid-al, withal, S ; mid- 
alle, altogether, S ; mld-iwisse, certainly, 
S ; mid-ywisse, S ; myd-iwisse, S. — AS. 

Mid (2) adj. mid, SD. Comb. : 
morwen, mid-morning, S; mld-mor 
tide, SD; mid-ouernon, middle of the 
afternoon; nei midonernon, fully the 
middle of the afternoon, S2 ; midewinter, 
Christmas, S2; midwinterdsei, sb. dot.* 
Christmas-day, S ; midwinter-day, S2 ; 
mid-ward, middle, S2. — AS. mid-. 

Middel, adj. and sb. middle, waist, SkD, 
S, S2, C ; myddel, PP ; myddil, W ; myd- 
deleste, superl., G. Comb. : middel-ni3te, 
midnight, S. — AS. middel, sb. 

Middel-erd, sb. the middle abode, the 
world, S ; middeleard, S ; myddelerd, S, 
PP; mldelerd, S; mydlerd, S2, PP ; 
mydelerd, PP; medlert, JD.— Cp. OS. 
middilgard, OHG. mittila gart (Tatian). 
Cf. Middeneard. 

Midden-eard, sb. the middle abode, 
the abode of men, S; middenserd, S; 
middenard, S ; midenarde, dot., S. — AS. 
middan-eard for middan-geard, ' middle 


enclosure' (OET),the earth situated between 
heaven and hell, see Sweet, and Sievers, 
214, n. 5; cp. Goth, midjungards, Icel. 
mibgardr. See CV., and Grimm, Teut. 
M, p. 794. 

Middes, only in phr. : in middes, in 
the midst, PP; In J* myddes, PP, S2 ; 
in (fro) ]>e myddis, PP, S3, W, Wa ; in 
the mydis, W2. — From mid, adj. The 
-es gives the phrase an adverbial force. The 
older forms (in Layamon) are a midde, a 
midden ; AS. on middan. 
Midwif, sb. midwife, SD, SkD; myd- 
wyf, SkD ; mydwyfe, Prompt. ; mydewyf, 
SkD ; medwyfe, Cath. ; medewlle, SkD ; 
medewynes, pi, S2. See Mid (1). 
Mightand,/?'. p., as adj. having might, 
Mihel, sb. Michael, SD ; My^fcele, HD ; 
Minil, ND.- Church Lat Michael (Vulg.), 
from the Heb. 
Mihel-masse, sb. Michaelmas, SD; 
Minelmas, ND ; My helmaeee, PP ; Mis- 
■elmasse, S2. 
Miht, 2 pr. s. mayest, S ; see MsbL 
Mihte, pt. s. might, S; miote, S; 
michte, S; migte, S; see Mahte. 

Mikel, adj. and adv. great, much, S, 
S2 ; see Muchel. 

Milce, sb. mercy, S, S2, HD; mylee, 
S; milche, S. — AS. milts, from milde, 
mild, gentle ; see Sievers, 198, 4. 

Milcien, v. to show mercy, S ; miloenn, 
S ; milsien, S. — AS. milsian, miltsian. 
Milde, adj. mild, S, S2 ; myld, S. 
Comb.-, mild-neorte, merciful in heart, 
SD ; mild-heorted, S ; milde-herted, S2 ; 
mlld-herrtle^c, mildheartedness, compas- 
sion^; mild-heortnerae, clemency, S; 
mildhertnesse, S. — AS. milde. 

Miles, sb. pi, animals, S2.— Cf. W. 
mil, an animal, beast; miled, a wild 
animal (W.W.S.). 

Min, pron. poss. my, S, S2 ; myn, S, 
C2, PP ; ml, S, S2 ; mines, gen., S ; mine, 
dat., S ; mire, gen. and dat.f., S ; mynen, 
//., W2. Phr. : myn one, by myself, 
alone, PP.— AS. min. 
Min, sb. memory, S2 ; see Mynne. 
Mines, 2 pr. s. rememberest, S2 ; see 

Minion, sb. a favourite, a lover, Sh. 
TG, ND ; bellulus, Manip. ; mlnyons, pi., 
S3. — OF. mignon (Cotg.) ; cp. It. mignone 



Minion, adj. small, pretty; mynyon, 
ND ; mynionly, adv. delicately, ND. 

Mint, pt. s. purposed, S ; see Mnnten. 

-mint, suffix. — AS. mynt, -mynd: Goth. 
-mundipa, see Sievers, 255, 3. Cf. Worth- 

Minute, sb. a mite, moment of time, 
HD; myn-ute, Prompt; mynuti*, //., 
small pieces of money, W. Comb. : myn- 
ntwhile, PP; myntwnile, PP; mynte- 
while, PP.— Lat. minutum (Vulg.). Cf. 

Minyshe, v. to minish, S3 ; see Men- 

Mire, sb. ant, S; mowre, Cath. — Cp. 
Dan. myre, Icel. maurr. 

Mire, my, gen. and dat.f. of Min. 

Mirky, adj. dark, H. See Merke. 

Mirre, sb. myrrh, S, PP; mir, S2 ; 
mnrre, PP; myrre, PP. — AS. myrre', 
Lat. myrrha (Vulg.) ; Gr. \xvppa.. 

Mirye, adj. merry, CM ; see Mery. 

Mis, adv. amiss, S, C3; myi, PP; 
myrae, S2. 

Mis-, prefix ; my*-, PP; myrae-, PP. 
— AS. mis-; Goth, missa-. Comb.-, mis- 
bllene, suspicion, C3 ; misboden, injured, 
C, CM; miadede, misdeed, S, PP; mis- 
departen, to divide amiss, C2 ; misdo, to 
do amiss, PP, S, S2, C2 ; miafaren, to be- 
have amiss, S ; myafare, to miscarry, PP ; 
misg-ouernaunce, misconduct, C2 ; mis- 
gyed, misguided, C2 ; mya-nappen, to 
meet with misfortune, PP; myanopand, 
despairing, H ; mislenen, to believe wrong- 
ly, S ; misliken, to displease, to be dis- 
pleased, S, S2 ; mialikinff, displeasure, S2 ; 
myspay, to displease, H ; misrede, to ad- 
vise ill, S ; miarempe, to go wide of the 
mark, S ; myarenle, to misgovern, S3, PP ; 
myraayde, abused, rebuked, slandered, PP ; 
miaseid, S2; misaemand, misemand, 
unseemly, H ; mlatecftien, to mistithe 
(mis-itedSeffet, S); miatriste, to mis- 
trust, C3 ; myatnxne, to pervert, W, Wa. 

ViM-, prefix {of ¥. origin) ; see Me*-. 

Mislich, adj. various, S ; misliehe, adv., 
S ; miatliee, S. — AS. mislic {mist lie), va- 
rious, adv. mislice {mistlice, Grein). For 
insertion of/ see Sievers, 196, 1. 

Misliche, adv. badly, miserably, S; 
mlraely, wrongly, S2. 

Misse, sb. want, lack, fault, S ; myrae, 
S, PP. 

Missen, v. to miss, SD ; mis, S2 ; 
myun*\> } pr. s., is without, PP. 




Mister ; see Meiter. 

Mistiloker, adj. comp. more mystic, 
PP ; mystiloker, PP. 

Miflty, adj. mystic, mysterious ; mysty, 
misticus, Prpmpt. ; mistier, comp., PP. 

Misty, adj. misty, nebulosus, Cath., 

Mite, sb. a mite, small coin, thing of no 
value, C3, Cotg. (s. v. minute) ; myte, PP ; 
minutum, Cath., Prompt., WW. Comb. : 
mytewhile, a little while, PP. Cf. Minute. 

Miteyn, sb. mitten, glove, C3; see 

Mithen, v. to conceal, S, SD. — AS. 
midan; cp. OHG. {bi)midan (Tatian, 
P- 493). 

Mix, sb. dung, S ; a vile wretch, S2. — 
AS. mix, meox, meohx, Goth. maihstus; 
cp. OHG. mist (Tatian). 

Mizzle, v. to rain slightly, S3, HD ; 
miselle, mysylle, pluuitare, Cath. 

Mo, adj. and adv. more, besides, others, 
S, S2, S3, C ; moo, S3 ; ma, S, S2 ; may,//., 
S3. — AS. md. {Mo properly means more in 
number ; more means greater in magnitude. 

Mobyle, adj. moveable, S3 ; moebles, 
sb. pi., moveables, property, PP, C3 ; meo- 
bles, PP ; mebles, PP.— OF. moble, also 
meuble (Cotg.) ; Lat. mobilem. 

Moche, adj. and adv. great, much, S, 
S2, C2 ; see Muche. 

Mochel ; see MucheL 

Mod ; see Mood. 

Modder, sb. a young girl, Manip. ; 
moder, Prompt. 

Moder, sb. mother, S, S2, C, C3, PP; 
moderr, S; modir, W; modur, PP; 
mooder, S2, C2, C3 ; muddir, S3 ; moder, 
gen., S2, PP; modres, C3, PP. Comb. : 
moder-burh, metropolis, SD; moder- 
cnild, mother's child, S ; modirles, 
motherless, Wa.- AS. mddor: Lat. mater; 
see Douse, p. 51. 

Modi;le^C, sb. pride, S. 

Modi^nesse, sb. pride, S. 

Mody, adj. spirited, animosus, proud, 
PP, S2. 

Moened, pt. s. moved, disturbed, C3 ; 
see Mouen. 

Moght,//. s. might, S2 ; see Mahte. 

Moich, adj. close, muggy, S3, JD. 

Moile, v. to toil, to drudge, to defile, 
pollute, daub with dirt, SkD ; moillen, to 
wet, SkD; moylyagfe, pr. p., S3.— AF. 


moiler, moiller, to wet ; Late Lat. *molli- 
are, from mollis, soft. 

Moillere, sb. woman, wife, PP ; muli- 
ere, PP ; moylere, P. — OF. moillier, mu~ 
iller\ Lat. mulierem\ cp. AF. mulier, 

Mok, sb. muck, filthy lucre, PP ; mule, 
PP ; mukke, Prompt. 

Moky, adj. misty, HD. Cf. Moiob. 

Molde, sb. crumbling ground, earth, 
mould, S, S2, P, G ; moolde, PP ; mnlde, 
WA; moldes, pi., dry pieces of mould, 
S2. Phr. : on molde, on the earth, in the 
world, S2, PP. Comb. : molde- ale, a fu- 
neral ale or banquet, Prompt. ; mulde- 
mete, a funeral banquet, JD ; moldwerp, 
mole, mouldcaster, SkD ; moldwarp, Sh. ; 
moldewarpe,Cath.— AS. molde. Cf.Mull. 

Mole, sb. the moldwarp, talpa, Sh. ; 
mowle, S3; molle, Prompt. — This word 
is short for molde-warp. See above. 

Molte (for molt), pt. s. melted, S3 ; 
see Melten. 

Mom, sb. the least sound that can be 
made with closed lips, PP, S2 ; mum, S3. 

Momelen, v. to mumble, PP; man- 
ely, P. 

Mon, ipr.s.l must, B ; pr. s., B ; 2pr. s. 9 
S3 ; mone, mayest, S2 ; pr. s., shall, S2 ; 
man, 1 pr. s., SD ; 2 pr. pi., S2, B ; mun, 
pr. s., S2, H. — Icel. munu, ' debere,' pr. s. 
man (pi. munu). 

Mon, sb. man, S ; see Man. 

Monchen, v. to munch, Cath. (n), 
Palsg., SkD ; mouncn, Sh ; munche, CM 
(4. 145) ; maunone, Palsg. (s. v. briffault) ; 
manche, Palsg. ; mounonynffe,/r. /., S3. 
Comb. : mounch-present, HD ; maunche- 
preseut, Palsg., HD (s. v. munch) ; mawn- 
ohe-presande, sycophant, Cath. ; manch- 
■present, dorop/iagus, Cath. («). — Probably 
a variety of ME. maungen ; OF. manger. 
For che—ge cp. ME. charche ; OF. charche 
= charge (see MD), also F. revancher= OF. 
revenger (SkD). 

Mone, sb. share, companion, S. — AS. 
(ge)mdna, * societas ' (Voc.). See Tmone. 

Mone, sb. moan, complaint, PP, S, Sj ; 
moone, PP, C ; moon, S2 ; mayn, B ; 
mayne, B, S3 ; mane, S2. 

Mone, sb. moon, S, S2, S3, P; a luna- 
tion, P; moyne, Cath,, B; moyn, B. 
Comb. : mone-deei, dies lunae, Monday, S ; 
moneday, S ; mone-licht, moonlight, S. — 
AS. mdna. 

Mon&, sb. money, S2 ; see Moneye. 


Honek, sb. monk, S2 ; see Monk. 

Konesten, v. to teach, admonish, W, 
Wa, CM; moneishon, Cath. (»); moiu 
yscho, Cath. ; mone«t, //. //., B. See 

Monestyng, sb. an admonition, W. 
Wa, B ; monysohynffs, Cath. 

Moneth, sb. month, S3, C, PP, B, WW, 
ND, Cath. ; moonep, Sa, PP ; monytno, 
Prompt. ; monyth, Sa ; monetae, W ; 
month*, PP ; month*,//., Ca ; montthis, 
W. Comb. : monstn-minds, a service in 
memory of the dead a month after decease, 
ND ; month-mind, HD ; months minds, 
ND ; months mind, a strong inclination, 
ND, Sh. — AS. mSnaC, from mdna, moon. 

Moneye, sb. money, C3, PP; mono, 
Sa, PP. — AF. moneie, moneye, monce ; Lat. 

rMoneyeles, adj. moneyless, PP ; mons- 
lSSS, PP. 

Mong-COrn(e\ sb. mixed corn, S3, 
Prompt. ; monoorns, HD. See Mengen. 

Moni, adj. many, S, Sa ; mony, S; see 

Monk, sb. monk, PP; monek, Sa ; 
munec, S ; mnneoss, pi., S ; munekes, 
S ; monskes, S, Sa ; monkes, S.— AS. 
munec\ Lat. monachus; Gr. iMva\6s t 

Monkrye, sb. monkery, the race of 
monks, S3. 

Monsede,//. cursed, PP ; see Mansed. 

M00-; see also under Mo-. 

Mood, sb. anger, pride, mind, C ; mod, 
S, Sa ; mode, dai., S, Sa. — AS. m6d\ cp. 
OHG. muot (Tatian). 

Moode, sb. mud, S3 ; see Mud. 

Mool-bery, sb. mulberry, SkD ; mnl- 
hery, Cath.— Cp. MHG. mulber (G. maul- 
beere) ; OHG. murberi t morberi (the / in 
the later forms being due to dissimilation) ; 
see Kluge ; AS. m6r ; OHG. mor ; Lat. 
morns. See More. 

Moot, sb. assembly, G. PP ; mot, PP. 
Comb. : moot-halle, hall of assembly, 
court, P, G, W; moto-halle, G, PP.— 
AS. mdt. Cf. Mote. 

Moralitee, sb. morality, i. e. a moral 
tale, C3.— OF. moralite (Cotg.). 

Mordre, sb. murder, C ; see Morther. 

More, sb. mulberry- tree; monrs, //., 
H. Comb. : more-trs, mulberry-tree, W ; 
moore- trees, //., Wa ; mur-herlen, pi. 
mulberries, Voc. — Lat. morus, mulberry- , 



tree (Vulg.) ; cp. Gr. p6pov y mulberry. Cf* 

More, sb. moor, Prompt., H, PP ; mor, 
Sa ; mwr, B ; mwro, Sa, B. — AS. mdr. 

More, adj. and adv. comp. more, greater, 
elder, S, Sa, W, Wa, PP, WW ; mor, S/ 
PP ; moare, S ; msyr, S3, B ; mair, B ; 
msero, S ; mars, S, Sa ; mar, S, B ; ma* 
rsrs, H. — AS. mdra. See Mo. 

More, sb. root, Sa, PP, HD ; moors, 
CM.— AS. mora (Voc 135. a8, 39, 33); 
cp. MHG. mordj more, see Weigand (s. v. 

Moreyue, sb. murrain, PP; moreyn, 
Sa, Prompt. ; morrein, WW ; moryn, 
H ; nrarrins, //., WW.— AF. morine ; 
cp. Low Lat. morina, a pestilence among 
animals (Ducange). 

Morkin, sb. a beast that dies by disease 
or accident, RD, HD, ND.— Cp. Late Lat. 
morticinium (Ducange), whence Ir. muirt^ 
chenn, Wei. burgyn. 

Morknen, v. to rot, SD; monrkne, 
Sa. — Icel. morkna. 

Mormal 9 sb. cancer or gangrene, CM, 
C, Prompt., RD, SD, ND, HD ; mormall, 
Palsg. ; mortmal, ND ; morimal, RD ; 
marmols, RD. — Cp. Late Lat. malum 
mortuum, a disease of the feet and shins 

Morris, adj. Moorish, sb. morris-dance, 
Sh, ND ; morisoo, SkD ; a morris- dancer, 
SkD. Comb.-, morris-dance, Moorish 
dance, Sh.; morrys-dannoe, HD; mor- 
res-dannoors, morris-dancers, HD ; mor- 
rioe-bells, bells for a morris-dance, S3; 
morris-pike, a large pike (weapon), HD, 
Sh. — Late Lat. mOriscus, Moorish. 

Morsel, sb. morsel, PP, B; mossel, 
SkD; mn8Ml, W, Wa, PP; mnssella, 
Voc. — AF morsel ; Lat. morse Hum, a little 
bit ; dimin. of morsus. Cf. MomL 

Morther, sb. murder ; mortnir, PP ; 
mortnre, C ; morder, PP ; mordre, C. — 
AS. mordor; cp. Low Lat. murdrum. 

Morther, v. to murder, PP, Sa ; mor- 
tnre, C ; mordre, C, Ca ; murtner, C. 

Mortherer, sb. murderer, PP; mor-* 
drsr, C, Ca. 

Mortiflle, v. to mortify, to produce 
change by chemical action, C3. — OF. mor~ 
tifier ; Lat. mortificare. 

Mortreux, sb. messes of pounded 
meat, C ; mortrswss, CM, PP ; mor* 
trwys, Prompt. ; mortrws, Cath. ; mor- 
tesse, Palsg. ; mortrels, PP ; mortrenns, 



(mortrews), PP, Prompt. (n\ Voc. ; mor- 
trus, Voc. — OF. mortreux, see Ducange 
(s. v. mortea), connected with Lat. mor- 
tarium, a morter. 

Morwe, sb. morrow, the morning, PP, 
S2, C2, C3 ; marewe, S2 ; morow, S3. 
Phr. : to morwe, eras, Voc. Comb. : 
mor^e-mete, morning meal, S ; morewtid, 
morrow, W ; morowtid, W ; morutid, 
Wa ; mor^tut, dos nuptialis, SD ; mo. 
ryve, Prompt. 

Morwen, sb. morn, morrow, S, PP; 
moreen, SD. Phr. : to morwen, S. — AS. 
morgen, Goth, maurgins. 

Morwenynge, sb. morning, PP, C2 ; 
morwnynge, S2 ; more^ening-, S. 

Mose, sb. titmouse, S. — AS. mdse, see 
SkD. (s. v. titmouse}. 

Mosel, sb. muzzle, nose of an animal, 
C, CM.— OF. musel (now museau) : Prov. 
mursel: OF. *morsel. See Morsel, and 
cf. Musen. 

Mosell, v. to muzzle, SkD; moosel, 

Moskles, sb. pi. mussels (shell fish), 
S2 ; see Musky lie. 

Most, adj. superl. greatest, chief, PP, 
S2 ; moste, S, PP ; mooste, W2 ; mast, 
S2 ; maste, S2 ; malst, B ; mayst, B ; 
most, S, S2 ; meste, C2 ; meast, S. 
Comb. : meste del, the greatest part, S2. — 
AS. mcest. 

Mot, 1 pr. s. may, must, S, C2, C3, PP ; 
mote, S, PP ; most, 2 pr. s., must, S, S2 ; 
mot, 2 pr. s. subj., S3 ; mot, pr. s. t can, 
must, S, S2, S3 ; moot, S2, C ; mo?t, S2 ; 
moten, pi., S, PP; mote, S2, PP; moste, 
pt. s., was obliged, S, S2, C3, PP ; pi., S, 
S2; most,S2,PP; moist, pt.s., S3.— AS. 
m6t, 2 pr. s., mdst, pi. mdton % pt. s. mdste. 

Mote, sb. moat, agger, fossa, P ; a pond, 
Manip. ; castle, palace, WA ; moote, 
Prompt.; mot, PP. — OF. mote, embank- 
ment, also motte (Cotg.). 

Mote, v. to summon before a mot (court % 
to plead, dispute, discuss a law case, PP, 
S2 ; mootyn, Prompt. ; motion, S. — AS. 
mdtian (Leo). See Moot. 

Mote, sb. note on the huntsman's horn, 
CM ; moot, HD ; mot, S3 (7. 16).— OF. 
mot, * the note winded by an huntsman on 
his horn * (Cotg.). 

Motl&, sb. motley, a dress of many 
colours, Prompt. ; motley, Sh., ND ; mot- 
teleye, C ; mottelay, Cath.— OF. mat tele, 
clotted, curdled (Cotg.). 


Motoun, sb. a gold coin called a ( mut- 
ton ' or sheep, P ; mutoun, S2, PP ; motom, 
PP.— OF. mouton; Late Lat multonem 

Motyf, sb. motive, incitement, S2, C3 ; 
motif, motion, argument, question, subject, 
PP.— OF. motif {Cotg.); LateLat. motivum 

Moucte,//. s. might, S; nought, S3 ; 
see Mahte. 

Monn, 1 pr. pi. may, S ; see Mart. 

Monntance, sb. amount, space, dura- 
tion, C3, CM ; mountouns, S2, HD.— AF. 
mountance, OF. montance ; see Ducange 
(s. v. montare), 

Mounte, sb. mount, PP; mont, S2; 
mnnt, S; mnnte, dat., S. — AS. munt; 
Lat. montem ; cp. AF. munt, mont, mount. 

Monntein, sb. mountain, PP; mon- 
taine, S2 ; montain, S2 ; montaigne, C2 ; 
mountalgne, PP.— AF. mountaygne ; Late 
Lat. montanea, 'locus montanus' (Du- 

Monnten, v. to mount, PP.— OF. mon- 
ter; Late Lat. montare. 

Monntenannce, sb. amount ; mown- 
tenawnoe, Prompt.; monnten anoe, S3, 
ND. See Mountance. 

Monr, sb. mulberry-tree, H ; see More. 

Monrnen, v. to mourn, S2, PP ; morn- 
en, PP, S; mnrnen, S; morenen, pr. 
pi., W2; morenyden, pt. pi., W2.— AS. 

Monrnyng, pr. p. and adj. mourning, 
PP ; moorning-, C, C3 ; mornyng;, S2. 

Mous, sb. mouse, C, PP; mm, S; 
muse, dot., S ; mys, //., P ; mees, PP ; 
Comb.-, mowsfalle, mousetrap, Prompt.; 
muse-stooh, mousetrap, S. — AS. mils. 

Mouth, sb. mouth, face, PP, W2 ; mutt, 
S; mudn, S. Comb.: mu&freo, mouth- 
free, S. — AS. mtl9: Goth, munt As; cp. 
OHG. mund (Otfrid) ; see Sievers, 30. 

Mouthen, v. to talk about, P ; mouth- 
ed,//, s., P. 

Moutin, v. to mew, moult, cast feathers, 
Prompt. ; mowtyn, Prompt., HD ; moult, 
Sh. ; montes, pr. s., S2, SkD. — Lat. mu- 
tare. Cf. Mewen. 

Mou^t, sb. moth, W ; mouBte,Wa, SkD ; 
moffhte, Cath.— ONorth. and AS. mohUe 
(Mt. 6. 20). 

Mouen, v. to move, suggest, S; moeue, 
PP ; meuen, PP ; meues, pr. s., Sa ; 
moeued, //. s., C3 ; moeuyng, pr. p., Sa , 


C3 ; meuod, pp., S3.— AF. mover, OF. 
muveir, movoir, moveir; Lat mouere. 

Mow, v. to be able, H ; mown, Prompt. ; 
mngen, S. — AS. *mugan (not found), see 
Sievers, 424. See Mai. 

Mowe, sb. kinswoman, S ; mow, sister- 
in-law, Prompt ; moje, S ; ma*e, SD. — 
AS. mdge. 

Mowe, sb. a grimace, CM, Prompt.; 
moo, Cotg., WW (p. 407) ; mow, WW.— 
OF. mouS (Cotg.). 

Mowen, v. to make a grimace, Cath. ; 
mowyn, Prompt Der.\ mowing 1 , gri- 
macing, S3 ; mowynff, W2 ; cachinnatus, 
Cath. ; mouwyng-, W2. 

Mowen, v. to mow, reap, S, PP. — AS. 

Mowtard, sb. moulting bird, Prompt. 

Mowtynge, sb. moulting-season, PP, 

Moyste, adj. fresh, new, C2, C3, SkD ; 
moyst, humidus, Prompt ; most*, moist, 
Cath. — OF. moiste, damp, moist ; Late Lat. 
*mustius, *musteus (see BH, § 74, also 
Roland, p. 420) ; from Lat. mustum. See 

Moystin, v. to make moist, W, Prompt. ; 
moyste, Voc. ; moystod,//., S2, Cath. (*). 

Moystnesse, sb. moistness, humor, 

Moystnre, sb. moisture, Prompt.; mos- 
tour, m adit as, Cath. 

Mo;e, sb. kinswoman, S ; see Mowo. 

Mfiche, adj. and adv. great, much, S, 
S2, PP; moche, S, S2, C2, PP; mieho, 
S2 ; myehe, S, W, W2. Comb. : muoho- 
del, a great part, S2 ; myohofold, mani- 
fold, W. 

Muchel, adj. and adv. great, much, 
numerous, S, C2, PP; moohol, S2, C2, 
C3, PP; moeholo, S; miehel, S; miool, 
S; mikal, S, S2; myool, S; mykel, S2, 
P; mnkal, S, S2; mucole,S; 00100,32; 
mekill, S3. Der. : muoholnedo, great- 
ness, SD ; mykolnodo, S2 ; myohilnosso, 
greatness, W2. — AS. micel {my eel) : Goth. 

Mnchelin, v. to magnify, S ; muollon, 
S; nmoli, S ; mikoland, pr. p., S2 ; mik- 
eled, pp., S2. — AS. myclian : Goth, mik- 

Mud, sb. mud, Prompt. ; moodo, S3 ; 
mndde, S2 (13. 407), Cath., Manip. — Cp. 
OLG. mudde, see SkD. 



Mildly, adj. muddy, H. 

Mngen, v. to be able, S ; see Mai. 

Mught, pt. s. might, S2, H ; innate, S ; 
see Mahto. 

Mnk, sb. muck, filthy lucre, PP; see 

Mnkel, adj. great, S, S2 ; see MucheL 

Mull, sb. mould, rubbish, S2, Cath. (n) ; 
mollo, Cath. ; mol, Cath. (n) ; mul, Cath. 
(»).— Cp. Du. mul. See Mold*. 

TWTTiThoVj sb. rubbish, C3; mollooke, 
Cath. (»). 

Mnltiplicacionn, sb. multiplying, i.e. 
the art ofalchemy, C3. 

Mnltiplye, v. to make gold and silver 
by the arts of alchemy, C3 ; multeplie, to 
increase, PP. — OF. multiplier', Lat. mul- 

Mum ; see Mom. 

Uuty/f. s. must, S2, H ; see Mon. 

MlUiec, sb. monk, S ; see Monk. 

MlUien, v. to remind, to be mindful, 
S ; see Mynno. 

Mnne^ingy sb. commemoration, S. 

MTITigftTl, v. to remember, PP; see 

Mnngnnge, sb. remembrance, remind- 
ing, S ; mnnegnnge, S ; mnne^ing, S. — 
AS. mynegung. 

Munne, v. to relate, mention, remind, 
S : see Mynno. 

Mnnstral, sb. minstrel, S2 ; see Myn- 

Mnntt sb. mount, S ; see Monnte. 

Mnnten, v. to think, to purpose, S2 ; 
myntlM, pr. s. points, WA; mnnte,j*/. s., 
S3; mint, S; l-munt,pp., S; i-mlnt, 
S ; i-mont, S. — AS. {ge)myntan. See 

Murcnen, #. to murmur ; mnrrcnosst, 
2 pr. s., S. — AS. murcnian (Leo). 

Mnrne, adj. sad, S, HD. — Cp. AS. 
murnan, to mourn. 

Mnrnen, v. to mourn, S, WA; see 

Mnrnyn, sb. mourning, B. 

Murrin, sb, murrain, WW; see Mor- 

Murthe, sb. mirth, joy, PP, S ; mnrtn, 
PP ; rnnrhSe, S ; mnr^pe, S ; myrthe, 
PP ; mirtho, C ; morthe, PP ; mnirth, 
PP; murines,//., merrymakings, amuse- 
ments, PP, S2 ; merthes, G. — AS. myrti, 
mirhti, from merg. See Mory. 



Mnry(e), adj. merry, S, C ; see Merj. 

Mnr^en, v. to make merry, SD ; mnr- 
&P,fr.pL, S2. 

Mus, sb. mouse, S ; see Mous. 

MnJiard, sb. a dreamy fellow, HD, 
Bardsley ; musarde, CM. — OF. musart. 

Muse, sb. dreaming vacancy, Spenser. 

Musen, v. to ponder, wonder, PP, 
C3, WA, ND.— OF. muser t to muse, 
study, linger about a matter, to sniff as 
a hound, from *muse, a muzzle, nose of an 
animal (whence F. museau) ; Lat. morsus. 
For F. -u- from an orig. Lat. -or- cp. OF. 
jus from Late Lat. jusum, Lat. deorsum, 
and F. sus from Lat. susum, seorsum, see 
Apfelstedt, § 43, and Constans (glossary). 
Cf. Mosel. 

Muskylle, sb. mussel, a shell-fish, 
Cath. ; muscles,//., PP; moskles, S2.— 
AF. muskeles, pi., OF. muscle ; Lat. mus- 
culum (ace), dimin. of mus, mouse; cp. 
AS. musclan y seel (Voc). 

Mussel, sb. morsel, W, Wa ; see 

Mnst f sb. new wine, W, W2.— Lat. 
mustum (Vulg.). Cf. Moiste. 

Mnstour, sb. dial, clock, WA. — Cp. F. 
' montre (Brachet). 

Mute, v. to dung (used of birds), SkD, 
WW, ND; mented, pp., WW.— OF. 
mutir (Cotg.), esmeutir (Cotg.), esmeltir, 
(Littr£); of Teutonic origin, cp. ODu. 
smelt en, to smelt, liquefy; cp. It. smal- 
tare, to mute as a hawk (Florio). Cf. 

Mntonn ; see Motonn. 

Mnwen, pr. pi. may, S; muBen, S; 
see Ms*. 

Mwre, sb. moor, S2 ; see More. 

Mydge, sb. midge, H (Ps. 104. 29); 
midg-e, Manip. ; myge, gnat, culex, Voc, 
Cath. ; myffhe, S3. — AS. my eg (Voc). 

Myghte, //. s. could, PP; my^te, S2 ; 
see Mahte. 

Myghte, sb. might, power, PP ; mi;t, 
PP, S; mllit, S, S2, PP; myjt, S2 ; 
myhte, S ; mi;te, S ; mightes,//., powers, 
virtues, S2 ; myhte, S. — AS. miht. 

Myghtfol, adj. powerful, PP ; miht- 
fal, PP; mitral, PP; mitral, PP; 
my^tnolle, S2. 

Myghtfalnes, sb. strength, S2. 

Myghty, adj. mighty, SD ; m»3ty, S2 ; 

mashti, S; magti, S; mihti, S ; michti, 


S ; mi3tai, Sa ; myghtely, adv., CM.— 
AS. meahtig. 

Myht, 2 pr. s. mayest ; see Mai. 

Myke, sb. the crutches of a boat, which 
sustain the main-boom or mast when low- 
ered, S2. — Cp. Swed. miek, a crutch (sea- 

Mylle, sb. mill, Prompt. Comb. : mylle- 
stone, mill-stone, Prompt; myl-ston, 
Voc. ; melstan, S ; myln-stoon, W ; 
mnlle-stones,//., PP.— AS. my In (Voc.) ; 
Lat. molina. 

Mylnere, sb. miller, PP ; mylner, PP ; 
mnlnere, PP; melner, PP; mellere, 
PP, C., sb. memory, remembrance, 
mention, PP, S2, S3, W, Wa, CM, Ca, 
Cath. ; mend*, Prompt. ; mind, memory, 
mind, Sh.— AS. (ge)mynd; cp. OHG. gi- 
munt % memory (Tatian). See Mynne. 

Mynen, v. to mine, S2, W, Wa.- OF. 
miner ; cp. Late Lat. minare (Ducange). 

Myne-ye-ple, 'sb. (?), S3 (7. 62, note). 

Mynne, sb. memory, SD : mln, Sa. — 
Icel. minni, memory ; cp. AS. myne, mind. 
Cf. Mynde. 

Mynne, v. to remember, mention, PP, 
Sa, HD ; munne, S ; mnnyen, S ; nranen, 
S ; mynand, pr. p., H ; mines, a pr. s. t 
Sa ; mined, pp., Sa. — AS. {ge)mynnan 
(gemynian), to remember; also (ge)mu- 

Mynnyng-day, sb. the day of memory 
of the dead, HD. 

Mynonr, sb. miner, C, SkD, PP ; 
minonr, PP. — AF. minour; Late Lat. 
minatorem (Ducange). See Mynen. 

Mynstral, sb. minstrel, PP, Prompt ; 
minstrel, PP ; nranstral, PP, S2 ; min- 
strales,//., C2 ; menestrales, PP.— AF. 
menestral; Late Lat. minis tralem, a ser- 
vant (Brachet). 

Mynstralcie, sb. music, minstrelsy, 
PP, C ; minstraloye, C2 ; menstraloye, 
C ; mynstraoie, PP ; minstraoie, PP ; 
mynstrasye, Prompt, S2. — AF. mynstral- 

Mynstre, sb. minster, monastery, S, 
PP ; minstre, S ; ministre, Sa ; minn- 
stre, the Jewish temple, S. — AS. mynster ; 
Church Lat. monasterium\ Gr. novaarrjpiov. 

Myrie, adj. pleasant, Wa ; see Mexy. 
Myrk, adj. dark, S2, H ; see Merke. 
, Myrk, v. to darken, H. 


Mys-, prefix ; see both Mis- and Mes-. 

Mysteir, z/. to be necessary, B ; mya- 
tere, pr. s. is needful, WA. 

Xyster, sb. trade, occupation, PP ; see 

Myster, sb. need, want, C, WA, B; 
see Mester. 

Mystir, adj. lacking, needful, B. 



Mystyrit, pp. injured by loss (of 
blood), S3. 

Myteyne, sb. cuff, glove, Prompt, S3 ; 
miteyn, C3 ; mytane, Cath. ; myttan, 
Voc. — OF. mitaine (Cotg.) ; cp. Low Lat. 
mitana (Ducange). 

My}t, sb. power, Sa ; see Myffht. 

My^te, //. s. might, S2 ; see Mahte. 


JTa, adv. not, S ; see Wo. 

JTa, adj. no, S ; see Wan. 

XTabben, v. not to have ; naue, 1 pr. s., 
PP ; nauest, a pr. s. t S ; nanestn, thou 
hast not, S ; nastu, S ; nanej?, pr. s. t S ; 
na*, S, PP, S2 ; nej), S2 ; nabbep, //., S2 ; 
naue, Sa ;. nadde, pt. s., S; nad, PP; 
nedde, PP, Sa ; nauedes, 2 pt. s. t S ; 
nameden, pl. t S.— AS. nabban ( = ne hob- 

Habod, for We abod, abode not, S. 
See Abiden. 

Hacioun, sb. nation, C ; naeion, Cath., 
WA. — AF. nacioun, naciun; Lat. natio- 

Haddren, pi. adders, S ; nadxes, S ; 
see Wedder. 

Hadrinke,>r We adrinke, let (it) not 
drown, S. 

Halrb, sb. night, SD ; see Wyght. 

Haht, adv. not, S ; see Bought. 

Halite,/', s. had not, S ; see Owen. 

Naked, adj. naked, bare, undefended by 
body-armour, PP, C3; naket, PP, S; 
nakid, Sa ; nakit, Sa. Phr. : in naked 
bedde, au lict coucht tout nud, Palsg., 
HD, ND.— AS. nacod\ cp. OHG. nakot 
(Otfrid), Icel. naktr. 

JTaken, v. to lay bare, SkD (s. v. naked). 
— ONorth. (ge)nacian (Mk. 2. 4). 

Haker, sb. kettle-drum, S2, C, HD.— 
OF. nacre, also nagaire, nacaire, naquaire, 
anacaire (cp. Byzantine Gr. dv&fcapov) ; a 
word borrowed from the Turks ; cp. Kurdish 
nakdra, see Ducange, Diez. 

Haknen, v. to strip ; naenes, pr.s.,S; 
nakned,//., HD. 

Hale ; in phr. Atte nale for At ten ale 
(at pen ale), at the ale, P. See Ale. 

Ham, 1 pr. s. am not, S, S2, P, C ; nam, 
S ; nart, 2 pr. s., S, S2 ; nis, pr. s., is not, 

S, C, Ca ; nys, S; nas,//. s., S, S2, HD, 
PP; nee, S, S2; nere, pi., S, Sa, C; 
neoren, S; naze, S.— ONorth. nam {=ne 

Ham, pt. s. took, S ; see Wimen. 

Hameliche, adv. especially, Sa, C; 
see Womeliene. 

Han, adj. none, no, S ; see Won. 

Hap, sb. cup, S ; neppe, dot., S. — AS. 
hnap (Voc.) ; cp. OHG. hnapf, OF. hanap 
(Bartsch), Low Lat. nappus (Ducange). 

Happen, v. to nap, slumber, nod, 
PP, C3, W. Der.i napping, slumber, 
Wa ; nappy, sleep-inducing, S3, ND. — 
AS. hnceppian. 

Hapron, s. apron, SkD; naprnn, 
Prompt. — OF. naperon, from nape, a cloth ; 
Low Lat. napa ; Lat. mappa (Punic word). 

Harde, sb. nard, an unguent, W.— Lat. 
nardus (Vulg.) ; Gr. vapfios (Persian word). 

Harwe, adj. narrow, C ; narewe, S ; 
naren, S ; narw^, W ; nearowe, S ; ner- 
nwe, S ; narwe, adv., closely, PP.— AS. 
nearu, adv. nearwe. 

Has,//, s. was not, S, Sa ; see Warn. 

Hat,/^ We at, nor at, Sa. 

HaS, pr. s. has not, S, PP, Sa ; see 

Hatinite, sb. nativity, Sa, Ca.— OF. 
nativiti (Cotg.) ; Lat. natiuitatem. 

Hatte, sb. (mat, scorium, bud a, Voc, 
Cath. ; natt, HD, Voc. ; nat, Palsg.— 
OF. natte (Cotg.) ; Late Lat. natta ; Lat. 
matta (probably a variant of mappa). See 

Hane, Hanest ; see Wabben. 

Han^ty, adj. having nothing, very poor, 
P. See Woufifht. 

Hanele, sb. navel, PP; nawle, Wa ; 
naule, PP ; navyle, Voc. ; nawelle, Voc. ; 
nawylle, Voc. — AS. na/ela. 



Way, adv. nay, PP, S3, WA ; nai, S, S2. 
Phr. : nay whan, nay when? i.e. not so, 
when (will you do it), S3 ; without© nay, 
without denial, G ; it is no nay, there 
is no denying it, G, C2.— Cp. Icel. nei. 

Nayl, sb. nail, finger-nail, S, C2 ; nayle, 
Voc. ; neil, S ; nayle», //., PP.— AS. 
ncegel; cp. Icel. nagl. 

Naylen, v. to nail, Cath. ; nation, S ; 
nailen, PP, C2. 

Nayten, v. employ, use, S2, WA. — 
Icel. neyta-y cp. AS. notian\ weak verb, 
from Icel. nj6ta\ cp. AS. niotan. Cf, 

Naytly, adv. neatly, fit for use, S2. — 
From Icel. neytr, fit for use. 

Naytyn, v. to deny, Prompt., SD, HD. 
—Icel. neita. Cf. Niton. 

Ne, adv. and conj. not, nor, S, S2, S3. — 
AS. ne, not, nor. 

Neb, sb. face, S, HD. Der. : neb- 
sseft, face, appearance, presence, S2 ; neb- 
■cheft, SD.— AS. nebb, beak, face (OET). 
Nece, sb. niece, PP ; neipoe, grand- 
daughter, S3 ; neece, WW (p. 417).— AF. 
nece, niece ; Late Lat. neptia ; in the place 
of Lat. neptis, a granddaughter, a niece ; see 
BH, § 32. 
Nedde,//. s. had not, S ; see Nabben. 
Nedder, sb. adder, snake, H ; neddyr, 
Cath., Prompt. ; neddere, Cath. (n) ; ne€U 
dre, S ; nedyr, Voc. ; nedyre, Voc. ; 
naddren, p/. } S ; nadres, S ; nedris, HD ; 
neddren, S. Comb. : nedyrcopp, spider, 
Voc— AS. nadre : Goth, nadrs; cp. OHG. 
natrd (Tatian). 

Nede, sb. need, peril, business, also as 
pred. adj. necessary, needful, C2, W, PP ; 
neode, PP, S ; niede, S ; neod, S, S2, PP ; 
ned, S ; need, C2 ; neid, B ; nodes, pi., 
S2, PP; nede, adv., necessarily, S, C2, 
PP; nodes, needs, of necessity, S2, C, 
PP ; nedis, W ; neodes, S2, PP ; needely, 
C ; nedelicn, W. Der. : nedful, needy, 
necessary, S ; nedfol, S2, PP ; neodfal, S, 
PP; needles, needlessly, C2 ; neidwais, 
of necessity, S2, B.— OMerc. ttid (VP), 
AS. nyd: Goth, nauths ; cp. OS. ndd, OHG. 
ndt (Tatian). 

Neden, v. to force, compel, to need, S ; 
neid, B ; nod© J), pr. s., there is need, it is 
necessary, PP, C ; neodeb, S, PP.— AS. 
nidan (OET). 

Nedle, sb. needle, C3, P ; nedele, PP ; 
nedel, PP ; nelde, PP ; neelde, PP.— 
Der. : nedelere, needle-seller, PP ; nel- 


dere, PP.— AS. mkdli OHG. nddela, also 
ndldd (Tatian). 

Deer, adj. comp. nearer, Ci ; seeHerre. 

Neet, sb. ox, cattle, PP, S, S2, C ; net, 
S; niatt, S; nowt, S ; nete, H, PP.. 
Comb. : neet-nirde, sb. neat-herd, Prompt. 
—AS. ne'at, ox, cattle: Icel. naut\ cp. 
OHG. ndz, ' jumentum * (Tatian). 

Ifefeil, v. to name, S2 ; see Venenen. 

Ne-for-tlli, adv. nevertheless, S2. — 
AS. nefor 9y. 

Neghen, num. nine, S2 ; see Vyne. 

Neh.lech.en, v. to approach, S ; neo- 
leohin, S. — AS. neal<kcan, from niah. See 

Neih., adv. nigh, nearly, almost, PP, S ; 
neyh, G ; nen, S, S2 ; ney, PP, S ; ne3, 
S ; nefifn, PP ; ny, PP, Prompt. ; ni*, W ; 
nyj, W, W2; neigh, S2 ; nei*e, P; 
neighe, PP ; ny3e, PP. Comb. : neyne- 
bonr, neighbour, G ; noififbebor, Ca ; 
neifirbburgfh, S2 ; nobfifobur, S ; nein- 
bond, close at hand, S. — AS. niah ; cp. 
OHG. ndh (Tatian). 

Neih.en, v. to be nigh to, to approach, 
PP ; neififhen, PP ; nefrhen, PP, H, S2 ; 
noi5©n, PP, W ; ne^en, S2 ; nejh, S2 ; 
ney;nen, S2. — AS. nihwan : Goth, nehiv- 
jan, from nehwa, nigh. See Vein. 

Neipce, sb. granddaughter, S3 ; see 
Neither, neg. pron. and conj. neither, 

SD ; neyber, S ; noither, P ; neitnyr, 

Prompt; netbir, not, W.— AS. «* + 

(kghwcetSer. See ElCor. t 

Nei;, in phr. no neiB for non ei3, i. e. 

no zggi S2. See By. 
Nekke, sb. neck, S, C, PP. Comb. : 

nekke-boon, neck-bone, S2, C2 ; nokke- 

bon, PP.— AS. hnecca (OET.). 
Nelle, 1 and 3 pr. s. will not, PP, S ; 

nell, S ; nel, S ; nele, S ; ntOle, S, PP ; 

nnle, S ; nnl, PP, S2 ; nile, S, PP ; nil, 

PP, C2 ; nullich, I will not, S ; nnlieh, 

S ; nnly, S2 ; nnlt, 2 pr. s., wilt not, S ; 

neltn, thou wilt not, S ; neltow, P ; 

nnltn, S ; neUe«, //., S ; nolle>, Sa ; 

nollen, PP ; nullep, S ; nnlen, S ; nold«, 

//. s., would not, S, PP ; nalde, S.— AS. 

nyllan. See Wille. 
Nemnen, v. to name, mention, call, S, 

S2, S3 ; nexnpnen, PP, S2.— AS. ntmnan : 

Goth, namnjan. Cf. Venenen. 
Neod, Neodes ; see Hod©. 
Neode]>, pr. s. is needful, S; see 



XTeomen, v. to take, receive, S; see 

Neomenye, sb. feast of the new moon, 
W. — Lat. momenta (Vulg.) ; Gr. vw^rjwia, 

NeOWCin, sb. harm, injury, S. — Icel. 
nauQsyn, need, impediment, see SkD (s. v. 
essoin, p. 802). 

Neowe, adj. new, S ; see Vtwt. 

Neowel, adj. deep ; niwel, SD ; nuel, 
SD. Z>*r. : neowelneaae, the deep, abyss, 
S. — AS. neowol, niol, niwol, prone, deep 
(OET, Grein). 

NeO^e, num. nine, S2 ; see Vyne. 

Neppe, ^. turnip, ra/a, Voc; nepe, 
Alph. — AS. mkp; Lat. ndptts. 

NerCOtyk, j£. narcotic, C. — Late Lat. 
narcoticum [meduamen], (SB) ; Gr. vaptcw- 
Tuc6s y benumbing. 

Nere, sb. kidney, Voc. ; neere, Prompt. ; 
nerea, pi., reins, H ; neara, ren, Voc. 
Comb. : kidnere, kidney, SkD ; kydney, 
Voc — Icel. nyra, pi. nyru : OHG. niero ; 
cp. Gr. v€<f>p6s, see Curtius, ii. 93. 

Nere, pt. pi. were not, S, Sa, C ; see 

Nerre, adj. and adv. comp. nearer, H, 
PP; narre, H ; nere, PP; ner, PP, Ca, 
C ; nier, S ; neer, W, Ca. Comb. : ner- 
hand, nearly, H. — AS. niarra {ttiard), 
adj. ; ttiar, adv. 

Neruwe, adj. narrow, S ; see Narwe. 

Nes, pt. s. was not, S, Sa ; see 

Nesche, adj. tender, soft, S ; 
S; neahe, Voc.; neah, ND ; 
Sa; nelache, Wa ; neaae, HD. Der.i 
neaahede, tenderness, Sa. — AS. hnesce. 

Neschen, v. to soften, SD ; neaahen, 
S ; neaaen, H ; neyaaen, H. — AS. hncsc- 

Nese, sb. nose, S, Sa, Prompt, PP, Voc. ; 
neoae, PP ; noae, Voc. ; nooae, WA. 
Comb. : nosebleed, the plant yarrow, 
Alph. ; noaehlede, millifolium, Alph. ; 
neae-hende, purulus, Voc. ; neae-thirl, 
nostril, H ; nea-thyrjlle, Voc. ; noae- 
thlrl, Wa ; noae-thurl, C ; noyaa- 
thyrlya, //., S3.— AS. nosu ; cp. OHG. 
nasa ; see Kluge, and Sievers, 374. 

Nesen, v. to sneeze ; neeyn, Prompt. ; 
neeae, WW.— Cp. Icel. hnjdsa. 

Rest, adj. and adv. superl. next, nearest, 
PP, S, Sa ; nelat, Sa ; niarte, S ; nexte, 
C, PP ; nezat, S, Sa. Comb. : neatfald, 
nearest, S. — AS. niehsta, adj. ; nihst, adv. 

Nest, sb. nest, PP ; neatea, //., PP.. 



Der.: neaUinfia, nestlings, PP.— AS. 
nest ; cp. Lat. nidus (for nisdus), Olr. net ; 
see Brugmann, § 590. 

Nesten, pt. pi. knew not, S ; see Hot. 

Nestlen, v. to build nests, Sa. 

NeJ>,/>*. s. has not, Sa ; see Vabben. 

Neoem, adv. from below, S. — AS. mod- 
ern, beneath. 

NeSer, adj. comp. nether, S ; see VlSer. 

Nette, sb. net, Cath., Manip. ; nett, 
Prompt, Voc., W (p. 334); net, W (p. 
133); nettea, pi., Ca.— AS. nett: Goth. 
nati, see Sievers, 347. 

Nene, sb. nephew, S. — AS. nefa. 

Neuenen, v. to name, Sa, C3, H, HD ; 
neflen, Sa. , Der. : nenenlng, naming, 
S. — Icel. nefna, (from nafn, name) : Goth. 
namnjan, from namn- stem oinamo, name. 
Cf. Yemnen. 

Nenere, adv. never, PP, S ; neure, S, 
PP ; naraere, S ; nature, S ; neauer, S ; 
nauere, S ; nefre, S ; nefer, S ; nafre, 
S ; neare, S3 ; nere, W ; ner, HD, Sa. 
Comb. : nener a del, not a bit, C3 ; nenre- 
more, nevermore, S; neuer the neer, 
none the nearer, C3 ; neuer the latter, 
nevertheless, H. — AS. nafre. 

Nenen, sb. nephew, Sa ; nevew, Ca ; 
nevo, B. — AF. nam, nephew, grandson; 
Lat. nepotem. 

Newe, adj. new, PP, Ca ; neowe, S ; 
njwe, S ; niwe, Sa ; newe, adv., newly, 
anew, PP, C ; newly, newly, again, PP ; 
nuly, S3. Comb. : newefangel, catching 
at novelty, Ca; newelkngelnea, fondness 
for novelty, Ca, S3. — AS. neowe, niwe. 

Newen, v. renew, S, Sa, PP.— AS. 

Newte, sb. newt, Prompt.; ewte, 
Prompt See Snete. 

Ney, adv. nigh, nearly, S ; ne;, S ; see 

Neynd, ord. ninth, Sa ; see Hyne. 

Ne^en, v. to neigh, SkD. Der. : nei- 
yng\ sb. a neighing, W3. — AS. htukgan; 
cp. Icel. hneggja. 

Niatt, cattle, S ; see Heet. 

Nich, adv. no, S. — AS. ne + ic t I; see 
Sievers, 333. 

Niebe, ord. ninth, S ; see Yyne. 

TXi£ f /or ITe if, if not, except ; nyf, S3. 

Nifle, sb. trifle, HD, ND ; nynea, //., 
CM, Palsg. ; nifiea, Cotg. (s. v. nigeries). 
—OF. nifles, trifles (Palsg.). Cf. Niuelen. 

Nigard, sb. a niggard, a miser, PP ; 

i 5 8 


nygard, C, CM, PP ; nyffarde, PP, Palsg. ; 
nygart, CM. Cf. Nyffnn. 

Nigardie, sb. stinginess, SkD, HD; 
nig-ardye, CM ; nygardye, CM. 

Night, Nigt, Niht ; see Nysht. 

XTigromancye, sb. magic, sorcery, 
PP ; nigrum annoy, S2 ; nigramansy, B ; 
nigromanoe, Cath. — OF. nigromance 
(Bartsch) ; cp. Low Lat. nigromantia (Du- 
cange); Late Lat. necromantia, necro- 
mancy; Gr. v€icpofmvT(la t divination by 
communion with the dead. 

Niker, sb. water-sprite, SD; nykyr, 
siren. Prompt. ; nyckers,^/., SPD ; nyk- 
eren, SPD (p. 255). — AS. nicor % a water- 
demon (Grein); cp. Icel. nykr, hippo- 
potamus: OHG. nichus, ( crocodilus,' see 
Grimm, Teut. M. p. 488. 

Nil,/r. s. will not, C2 ; see Nelle. 

Nimen, v. to take, S, Sa ; nymen, PP ; 
nemeu, PP ; neomen, S ; nam, pt. s., 
PP, G, S ; nom, S, S2 ; nem, S2 ; nome, 
2 pt. s., S, PP ; nomen, pi., S, PP ; neme, 
S ; numen,//., seized, gone, S ; nnnvmnn, 
S2 ; nome, S2. Der. : niming'e, a taking, 
capture, S. — AS. niman, pt. nam (pi. 
ndmon), pp. numen. 

TXui f for Ne in, nor in, C2. 

"NlB,pr. s. is not, S, C, C2 ; see Yam. 

Niseien, pt. pi. for Ye iseien, saw not, 

Niste, pt- s. knew not, S ; see Not. 

Niflwicst, a pr. s. for Ne iswiost, 
ceasest not, S. 

Niten, v. to refuse, S2, JD ; nyte, JD ; 
nite, pp., WA.— Icel. nita, to deny. Cf. 

Niten, pr. pi. know not, S ; see Hot. 

Ni8, sb. envy, malice, S. Der. : nU5- 
fol, envious, S ; nypfol, S. — AS. nlO; cp. 
Goth, neith. 

Niften, v. to envy, SD.— Icel. nitJa, to 

Ni8er,0*fo. below, S; adj. comp. t loweT, 
S; netter, S; nethlr, B; nettement, 
super!., lowest, SD. Der. : netterwaxd, 
downwards, SD. — AS. nider, niotior, down- 
ward, neoOera, lower, nether, SkD. 

NiSer-wenden, v. to go down, S. 

Nifting, sb. a coward, a niggard, S ; 
nytning/, PP. — AS. tUHing, a coward, out- 
law ; cp. Icel. nldingr. 

Niuelen, v. to snivel, S ; nyuelen, PP. 
— Cp. OF. nifler (Cotg.). See Nine. 

Niwe, adj. new, S2 ; see Newe. 


Ni^en, num. nine, S ; see Nyne. 

Wo, adv. and conj. not, nor, no, S, Si, 
SkD, B, HD ; na, S, S2, B. Comb. : no 
but, except, unless, S2, W ; no pe las, not 
the less, nevertheless, S ; na be lea, S, Sa ; 
neoJ>elei, S ; ne the les, W ; na pe mo, 
none the more, S2 ; na wax, were it not 
for, but for, S2, B.— AS. nd (=ne + d). 

Noble, adj. noble, WA; nobylle, Cath. ; 
nobliche, adv., nobly, S2 ; nobilly, Cath. — 
AF. noble ; Lat. nobilem. 

Noble, sb. noble, a coin so called worth 
6s. 8d., S3, C3, P, WA.— Cp. Late Lat. 
nobile (Ducange). 

Noblen, v. to ennoble, C3. 

Woblesse, sb. nobility, worthy be- 
haviour, S2, C3 ; magnificence, honour, 
C2.— F. noblesse ; OF. noblesce\ Late Lat. 

Noblete, sb. nobleness, richness, S2. — 
OF. noblete (Bartsch) ; Lat. nobilitatem. 

Noblev, sb. splendour, grandeur, dig- 
nity, nobility, assembly of nobles, C3, HD 
nobleye, S2, Ca ; noblay, H, B, WA 
nobelay, HD ; noblllay, B.— AF. nobUi 
Late Lat. nobletum ; cp. OF. nob let 

Nodle, sb. noddle, head, Prompt. ; nodyl, 
Prompt. ; noddle, Sh. 

N 'off, for ITe off, nor of, S. 

Nok, sb. nook, corner, piece, SD ; auk, 
B ; nwk, B ; noke, WA, HD. Comb. : 
ferpyng- noke, a piece of a farthing, Si ; 
nook-anotten, spawned in a corner, Sh. 

Noke, in phr. : atte noke = atten oke, 
at the oak, S2. See Ook. 

Nokke, sb. nock, notch, Prompt Comb. : 
nooke of a bow, oche de fare, Palsg. 

Nol, sb. the head, the neck, W, W2 ; 
noU, WA ; nolle, PP.— AS. hnoll, the top 
of the head. 

Nolde, pt. s. would not, S ; see Nelle. 

Nolle]>, 1 pr. pi. we desire not, Sa ; 
see Nelle. 

Nombre, sb. number, C; nowmber, 
Cath. ; nnmxner,S3. — AF. numbre, noutn- 
bre ; Lat. numerum (ace). 

Nombren, v. to number, PP ; nonm- 
bren, W2; y-nonmbred, pp., S3. — AF. 
numbrer, noumbrer; Lat. numerare. 

Homo, sb. pledge, hostage, S. — AS. ndm, 
pledge seized (Schmid). See Nymen. 

Nome, sb. name, PP, S, S2 ; nam, S2 ; 
name, Voc. — AS. nama {noma) : Goth. 


Nomeliche, adv. especially, S ; n&mt- 
liche, Sa, C ; namelleh, P, S3 ; namely, 

Hon, adj. no one, none, no, PP, S, Si ; 
noon, C2 ; nan, S, S2 ; no, PP, S ; na, S, 
S2, B; nane, B; nenne, ace, S. Comb.-. 
na kyn, of no kind, B ; naldn, B ; na kyn 
thing 1 , in no degree, B, Sa ; na kyn wira, 
no way, B ; nan more, no more, S ; na 
more, S, S2 ; na mare, S2 ; na mo, P ; 
nammo, S2 ; no mo, C ; naming 1 , nothing, 
not at all, S ; no ping, S2 ; no whar, no- 
where, S ; no war, S ; no hwer, S ; nonr, 
S2 ; nou hwider, no whither, S ; no 
hwider, S ; no wider wardes, in no di- 
rection, S ; nones knnnes, of no kind, S ; 
nones weis, in no way, S ; nanes weis, 
S.— AS. ndn. 

Hone, sb. the hour of 'none,' i.e the 
ninth hour, 3 p.m., also noon, mid-day, S, 
PP; nowne, S3; noyne, B; non, S, S2, 
PP ; noon, PP ; nones, /*/., the noon-tide 
meal, PP. Comb. : nnn-mete, a noon 
meal, Prompt. ; none-ohenohe, a noon- 
drinking, nnnchion, SkD; noone-steede, 
place of noon, meridian, S3 ; non-tid, 
.noon-tide, S. — AS. ndn ; Lat. nana (Jiora). 

Hones, in phr. for pe nones (for for pen 
ones), i. e. for the once, for the nonce, for 
the occasion, S2, S3, C2 ; with the nones, 
on the condition, G. See Oones. 

Honne, sb. nun, S2, C, C2, P; nnnne, 
PP. — OF. nonne ; Late Lat. nonna ; cp. 
AS. nunney in the Laws (Schmid). 

Honnerie, sb. nunnery, S2.— OF. non- 

Hoot, 1 and 3 pr. s. know not, knows 
not, C ; see Hot. 

Hoppe, sb. nap (of cloth), Prompt., 

Hoppe, v. to take the nap off, Cath. — 
AS. hnoppian, see Voc. 

Horice, sb. nurse, C, Ca, SkD; nnriee, 
SkD; nnrsohe, W.— AF. notice ; Lat. 

Horischen, v. to nourish, PP ; noris- 
ohi, S2 ; norishen, C2 ; nnrlsohen, W, 
Wa ; nnrsohen, PP ; norsshen, PP.— 
OF. noriss-, stem of norissant, pp. of norir; 
Lat nutrire. 

Hortnre, sb. good breeding, nurture, 
SkD, G. — AF. norture, noriture\ Late 
Lat. nutritura (Ducange). 

Hoselen, v. to thrust the nose in, to 
nuzzle ; nosyll, Palsg. ; nonsle, Sh. See 



Hoselen, v. to cause children to put 
their noses in, to nurse, to rear up, to 
fondle closely ; nosell, S3 ; nonsle, Sh. ; 
nnsled, pp., HD (s. v. nousle). 

Hose-thirl, sb. nostril, W2 ; see Vese. 

Hot, 1 and 3 pr. s. know not, knows not, 
PP, S, S2 ; noot, PP, C ; note, S3 ; niten, 
//., S ; nnten, S ; nnste, pt. s. t S, S2, PP ; 
nyste, S2 ; niste, C2 ; neste, PP ; nyst, 
p/. y PP; nesten, S.— AS. nytan (=ne 
witan). See Witen. 

Hotable, adj. well-known, conspicuous, 
notorious, dazzling, WW. — OF. notable; 
Lat. notabilem. 

Hote, sb. nut, S, S2, Voc. ; nnte, SkD. 
Comb. : not-heed, a head like a nut, C ; 
note-mnge, nutmeg, S2, C2 ; note-migge, 
Prompt.; nut-shale, nutshell, S3.— AS. 

Hote, sb. business, attempt, employment, 
labour, S,' S2, WA; not, B.— AS. notu, 
use, employment. 

Hotefnl, adj. useful, serviceable, H. 

Hoten, v. to enjoy, S ; notye, PP.— 
AS. notian, to enjoy ; cp. Icel. neyta. Cf. 

Hother, neg. pron. and conj. neither, 
nor, PP, S, S2, SkD ; nothir, B; nonfter, 
S, Sa ; noutmr, PP ; nowtter, S ; naw- 
)>er, S2 ; natter, S ; nor, SkD.— AS. nd- 
hwctOer (ndwper, ndper). See Other. 

Hon, adv. now, PP, S, Sa ; nu, S, Sa. 
Comb. : non a dayes, now-a-days, PP ; 
now and now, occasionally, Ca. — AS. 

Honche, sb. clasp, buckle, jewel, CM, 
WA ; nowohe, C2, Prompt, SkD ; onohe, 
WW ; owohe, SkD ; ouches,//., broaches, 
monilles, Cotg., WW ; owohls, WW.— 
OF. nouche, noscke, also nusche (Roland) ; 
OHG. nuscha. 

nought, neg. pron. and adv. nothing, 
not, C ; nonht, S, PP ; nonet, S ; non;t, 
PP ; noht, S ; noeht, S ; nojt, S, Sa ; 
noght, S2 ; nont, S, S2 ; nowt, S ; nowi;t, 
S; nowiht, S; naoht, S; naht, S; 
nawiht, S; nawt, S; nant, S; na^t, 
S2 ; naght, S2 ; nanjt, PP, S2 ; naught, 
C2 ; nat, PP, Sa, C ; not, W ; nogth, H 
(Ps. 108. 25) ; nonth, S (18. 442) ; nonthe, 
HD. Comb. : noeht forthi, notwithstand- 
ing, nevertheless, S2 ; noght forthi, H ; 
nat for thy, Sa. — AS. ndwiht (**ne + 
dwikf). See Onght. 

Honght, adj. worthless, bad, naught, 
naughty, WW; nanght, S3; nanht, PP. 



Der. : nanglity, bad, WW, Sh. ; nausty, 
having nothing, PP. 

noumbles, entrails of a deer or 
beast, Palsg. ; nombles, burbilia, Cath. 
(n), HD, Voc. ; nownbils, Cath. ; now- 
myllis, Cath. Phr.\ nnmblti of a 
staff, nombles <Tun cerf, Cotg. — OF. 
nombles, pi. ; cp. Late Lat. numbulus for 
Lat. lumbulus, dimin. of lumbus, loin. 
IToTunbren, v. to number, Wa; see 
IfOTUUpere, sb. umpire, arbitrator, 
SkD, P ; nowmpere, Prompt. ; nompeyr, 
PP ; nonnpere, PP ; owmpere, Prompt. ; 
ampere, SkD.— OF. non per, odd, not 
even ; Lat. non parem. 
JTontlie, adv. now, C, P ; now pe, Sa ; 
nutfe, S. — AS. nii Od, now then. 

JTonelrie, sb. novelty, C2 ; nouellerie, 
S2. — OF. novelerie, from novel, novel, 

ITonyS, sb. novice, C2, Voc. ; nonyoe, 
WW.— OF. novice (,Cotg.) ; Lat. nouicium. 

Nowel, sb. Christmas, CM ; nowelle, 
HD.— OF. noel ; Lat. natalem. 

Nowt, sb. cattle, S. See Neet. 

Noye, sb. suffering, annoyance, PP ; nny, 
PP, S2 ; nw7, S2. See Anoy. 

Noyen, v. to annoy, to grieve, to harm, 
S2, W, P, H ; nuyen, S2 ; nwyen, S2. 
See Anoyen. 

Noyfal, adj. hurtful ; nolfal, W2. 

Hoynement ; a noynement (for an 
oynement), an ointment, S2. See Oyne- 

NoyOUS, adj. hurtful, annoying, W, 
WW (p. 421). 

Nnl, Nnle, Halle ; see Weiie. 

Nultu, wilt not, S ; see Nelle. 

XTmnexiy PP- taken, seized, S; see 

Ntunmer, sb. number, S3 ; see Wombre. 

Nnnne, sb. nun, PP ; see Bonne. 

Narh.8, sb. murmuring, S. 

Nnrnen, v. to murmur, SD. — AS. 
gnomian, to mourn. 


Vursche, sb. nurse, W ; see Horiee, 
ITursclien, v. to nourish, PP ; see Ho- 

IfriSte, pt. s. knew not, S, S2, PP ; see 
Nny, sb. annoyance, S2 ; see Hoye. 
Nyce, adj. foolish, C2, C3, PP ; nice, 
PP, C2 ; rise, PP ; nyse, S2 ; nyas, S3. 
—OF. nice (Bartsch) ; Lat. nescium, ig- 
norant, see Brachet, § 60. 

Nycete, sb. folly, B, PP ; nyoetee, C3 ; 
nysete, PP; nysste, B.— AF. nueU, 
timidity, also in OF. sloth, simplicity 

Nyrfit, sb. night, Voc, PP; ni*t, S2, 
PP; niont, S; nynt, S2 ; nint, S, PP; 
naht, SD ; najt, S2 ; nytn, PP ; niglrt, 
pi., C ; nitft, S ; niht, adv., at night, by 
night, S; nintes, S2 ; nijtes, PP ; nyfifhtei, 
PP ; ny^tes, PP. Adv. phr. : a nyghtef , 
PP ; M nintes, S ; M nihte,.S; a nijt,S; 
o nlfft, S. Comb.: nyhtegale, nightin- 
gale, S2; nljteffale, S; nyfirhttngale, 
C3 ; nl^tlnrale, S ; nycht-nyrd, guardian 
of the night, S3 ; niht-old, a night old, 
stale, not freshly gathered, S2 ; nyjt-old, 
PP; nigntertale, the night-time, C; 
ny^tertale, WA ; naffhtextale, S2.— AS. 
niht, neht, neaht: Goth, nahts; cp. Lat 
noctem. With the deriv. nightertale cp. 
Icel. ndttartal, a number of nights. 

NyiTiUl, sb. niggard, miser, S2 ; nyg- 
Soun, G, CM. Cf. tfigard. 

Nykken, v. in phr. : nykken with 
nay, to deny, refuse, HD. 
Nymyl, adj. quick at seizing, nimble, 
active, Prompt. — AS. numol (in com- 
pounds). See Nimen. 

Nyne, num. nine, PP ; nl^en, S; netfhen, 
S2; neoje, S2 ; nine, S. Der.-. nynt, 
ninth, S3; neynd, S2 ; niebe, S.— AS. 
nigon (WS. neogon) : Goth, niun ; cp. Lat 
nouem ; see Brugmann, § 152. 

Nyrvyl, sb. a little man, Prompt.; 
nuruyll, a dwarf, Prompt. — Cp. Icel. 
nyrfill, a miser. 

Ny3, adv. nigh, nearly, W, W2 ; see 




O, num. one, a, S ; see Oon. 

O, adv. ever, aye, always, S ; oo, Sa, 
NED ; a, S ; aa, S. Comb. : a buten, 
ever without, S, SkD (s.v. aye) ; a Irate, S ; 
for ay and oo, for ever and ever, NED. — 
AS. & (for dwa) ; cp. Goth. aiw, ever. Cf. 

O-, prefix; see On- (i). 

Obediencer, sb. an officer in a monas- 
tery, PP. — Church Lat obedientiarius 

Obeisant, adj. obedient, Ca ; obey- 
sand, B. — OF. obe'issant, pr. p. of obeir. 

Obeisannce, sb. obedience, C, Ca; 
obeisances, //., submissive acts, Ca.— AF. 

Obeiss, v. to obey, B ; obeisohen, Sa, 
W ; obescnynffe, pr. p., W.— From OF. 
obetss- stem of obe'issant, pr. p. of obei'r. 

Obeley, sb. oblation, oblata, Voc. : see 

Obeye, v. to obey, W, Ca ; obelede, 
//. s., W.— OF. obeier, for obeir; Lat. 

Oble, sb. oblation ; obles,//., oblationes, 
H. — OF. oble, Lat. oblatum ; cp. OF. oblee 
(now oublie) ; Church Lat oblata (Ducange). 
Cf. Onelete. S 

Oblischen, v. to bind, Wa; oblyse, 
JD ; oblyste, pp., S3 ; oblysehed, HD ; 
oblisched, HD ; oblysned, HD.— AF. 
obliger ; Lat. obligare. 

Obont, adv. about, Sa ; see Abouten. 

Obont-ga, v. to go about, Sa. 

O-brode, adv. abroad, P; see Abrode. 

Observance, sb. homage, C, S3 ; ob- 
seruances, //., attentions, Ca. — OF. ob- 
servance (Cotg.). 

Obserue, v. to favour, Ca.— OF. ob- 
server ; Lat. obseruare. 

Obnmbrat, pp. overshadowed, S3. — 

Lat. obumbratus. 

Oc, eonj. but, S, HD ; oee, S ; see Ac 
Occean, sb. ocean, Sa ; oeeian, SD, 

Wa ; oecyan, WA, HD.— AF. occyane ; 

Late Lat. occeanus; Lat. oceanus; Gr. 


Occident, sb. West, Sa, S3, C3.— AF. 
Occident ; Lat. occidentem, pr. p. oioccidere, 
to set (of the sun). 

possess, S3, Ca, PP, B.— OF. oceuper\ Lat 

occupare, see SkD. 
Odde, adj. odd, single, Sa, SD.— Cp. Icel. 

oddi, point of land, odd number. See Ord. 
Oerre, sb. anger, S. See Borre. 
Of. prep, and adv. of, out of, from, by, 

off, S, Sa, Ca, C3, WW ; o, S, Sa, H ; oil; 

SkD; a, Sa, PP, S3.— AS. of: Goth. af\ 

OHG. aba (Tatian) : Gr. &w6 ; see Sievers, 

5i, 130. 
Of, though, H (Ps. 135. 1), WA.— For 

ME. pof. Seepoj. 
Of-dreden, v. to frighten; rejlex. to 

dread greatly, S ; o£4rade, S ; of-dradde, 
//. s., S; of-drad, //., S; of-dred, S; 
of-dret, Sa.— AS. of-drcedan. Cf. A-drad 
(A- 3). 

O-ferrom, adv. afar, Sa; oferrom, 
WA ; see Aferre. 

Offensioiin, sb. offence, damage, C ; 
offeneionn, W.— Lat. offensionem. 

Of-feren, v. to terrify, SD; offearen, 
S ; oflerd,//., S ; olerd, S. 

Offertoire, sb. offertory, anthem sung 
before the oblation, C. — OF. offertoire 
(Cotg.) ; Church Lat offertorium. 

Office, sb. office, Ca ; offlx, S ; offices, 
pi, church services, PP.— AF. office (offyz); 
Lat officium. 

Ofirende, sb. offering, S ; offrand, H ; 
offerands,//., Sa.— OF. offrande (Bartsch); 
Lat offerenda ; see Constans. 

Offri, v. to offer, S ; offiren, S, PP ; 
offrand, pr.p., Sa ; i-offred, pp., S.— AS. 
offrian ; cp. OF. offerre (Bartsch) ; Lat. 

Offiringe, sb. offering, S; oftrinke, S; 
offlryng;, C. 

Of-fruht, pp. terrified, S ; ofrigt, S ; 
of-frnnte, //., S.— Cp. AS. of-fyrhtan, to 

Of-hnngred, //. an-hungred, PP ; of- 
hongret, PP ; ofJiongred, PP ; offingred, 
SD; anngred,SD; afingret, NED, HD; 
alfrngred, NED, P, HD.— AS. of-hyngrod. 
Cf. A-hnngerd. 

Ofhe, sb. dat. oven, S ; see Onen. 

Of-newe, adv. anew, S3, Ca, C3. Cf. 

Of-rechen, v. to obtain, overtake, at- 
tain, reach, S, PP (n) ; ofrau^te,//. pi., PP. 

Occupy, v. to make use of, employ,!. Ofrigt, pp. terrified, S ; see Of-fmht. 




Of-saken, v. to deny, SD. — AS. of 
sacan. Cp. A-aaken. (A- 3.) 

Of-scapie, v. to escape, S2. See 

Of-sen, #. to perceive ; offcaw,//. *., Sa ; 
ofseie, S2.— AS. of-sion. 

Of senden, v. to send for, S2 ; of-sente, 
//. s , Sa, PP ; of-«ent, P. 

Of-seruen, v. to merit, deserve, SD, S. 

Of-slen, v. to slay ; of-sloh,//. s., SD; 
of-slo;en, //., S; of-slaBen, pp. , S ; of- 
«l»5en, S ; o«-sU3e, S.— AS. ofslian. 

Of-spring, J#. offspring, S ; ofsprengr, 
S; ofsprunff, S; osprynff, HD; ox- 
spring 1 , S2.— AS. of-spring. 

Of-taken, pp. taken away, Ca. 

Ofbe, *to. often, S, Ca ; oft, PP, WW ; 
oftere, comp., S ; ofter, S, C2. Comb. : 
oftesitten, oftentimes, SD ; ofte afte, SD ; 
ofte «ithe«, C, S3 (s.v. eft) ; oft siss, S2, B; 
ofte- time, ofttimes, SD ; oft tyme, PP. — 
AS. off. OHG. ofto (Otfrid): Goth, ufta; 
cp. Gk. vnaros, superl. of vnip ; see Sievers, 

Often, adj. frequent, WW. 

Of-teonen, v. to vex, irritate; of- 
teoned,//., S. 

Of-bnnchen, v. to be sorry for, to 
repent, S; of-pinohe, S; of-pinke, S; 
of-«uhte,//. s., S.— AS. ofpyncan. 

Of-burst,//. athirst, S ; of-perrt, PP ; 
afyr*t, PP; afnrst, PP ; afrust, PP.— 
AS. of-pyrsted (Grein). 

Of-wnndred,/^. amazed; of-uundred, 

Og, pr. s. possesses, S ; see Owen. 

Ogain, prep., adv. against, again, NED ; 
see A*ein. 

Ogaines, prep, against, Sa ; ogfaynes, 

S2 ; see Amines. 

Ogain-saghe, sb. contradiction, S2. Cf. 


Ogain-torne, v. to turn again, Sa. 

Ogen, adj. own, S ; see Owen. 

Ogremoyne, sb. agrimony, Voc. ; see 

Oht, sb. aught, anything, S2 ; see Ought. 
Oht, adj. valiant, doughty, S ; see Aunt. 
Ohtliche, adv. valiantly, NED; see 

Oise, sb. use, H ; oy«e, H ; oy«, JD, 

HD ; oys«, B.— AF. us ; Lat. usum. 
Oise, v. to use, H ; oyae, H, HD ; 

oy«ede,//., HD ; oy«it, B.— OF. user. 


Oist, sb. an army, B ; oyst, B ; see Ootrt. 
Ok, Oke, pt. s. aked, MD ; see Aken. 

Oken, adj. oaken, G. See Ook. 
Oker, *b. usury, SD ; okir, S2 ; okyr, 
Cath. ; okur, SD ; ooker, H ; okere, H. — 

Icel. 6kr\ AS. wdcor, increase, growth, 
fruit ; cp. OHG. wuachar, gain (Otfrid). 
Okerer, sb. usurer, S2, H, Cath. ; oke- 
rere, Sa ; okyrere, H. 
Okering, sb. usury, S2 ; okerinffe, H. 
Old, adj. old, Voc. ; eald, MD ; aid, 
MD, S, S2 ; oold, MD ; hold, S, MD ; 
eld, MD, W2 ; eeld, W2 ; anld, S3 ; olt, 
S2 ; ealde, S, MD ; aide, MD, Sa ; olde, 
Voc. ; elde, S, W ; yealde, MD ; anlde, 
MD; alder, comp., MD; wider, MD; 
eldre, S, W; elder, S, C2; eldure, S; 
eldore, S2 ; heoldre, S ; elj>er, Sa ; al- 
deste, superl. , S ; helderte, MD ; eldoste, 
S2.— AS. eald, aid; cp. OHG. alt (Otfrid). 
Oldli, adj. old, W2. 
Olinere, sb. olive-yard, C2.— Late Lat. 
olivarium (Ducange). 
Olnhnen, v. to flatter, S. 
Oluhnung, sb. blandishment, flattery; 
olhnunffe, dat. t S. 
Olyfaunte, sb. elephant, Cath., Voc. ; 
olefawnt, Voc. ; oliphant, S3 ; olifant, 
WA ; ollivant, HD ; olyfannce,//., HD. 
— OF. olifant, elephant, ivory, ivory horn, 
also elefant ; Lat. elephantem ; Gr. €Ki<f>as 
On, prep, on, at, in, among, of, S, Sa, S3, 
C2, WW; one,S; onne,S; a, S, S2, C2, 
PP ; o, S, Sa, H ; an, S, S2, PP.— AS. an, 
On, num. one, S, S2 ; see Oon. 
On-, prefix (1), standing for On, prep. 
On-, prefix (2), standing for AS. and-, 
against, in return, toward. — AS. on-, ond-, 
and-, Goth, and-, anda- ; cp. OHG. ani- 
{ent'-). . 

On-, prefix (3), with negative force ; see 
Un- 1. 
On-, prefix (4), before verbs; see TTn- 2. 
Onan, adv. at once, Sa ; onon, S, S3 ; 
see An-on. 

On-bydraw, v. to withdraw; on-by- 
drew, pt. s. % S3. (On- 4.) 

On-C0me, sb. attack, JD; on-oomys, 
pl.,H. (On- 1.) 
Onde, sb. breath, emotion, hatred, envy, 
S, Sa, HD, CM ; aande, WA ; ande, MD, 
H, WA, Cath. ; aynd, JD, B ; hand, Sa.— 
AS. anda : OS. ando ; cp. Icel. andi, breath, 
the spirit (in theology). 


Ondfnl, adj. envious, MD ; ontfal, S. 

Ond-swere, sb. answer, S; see An- 

Ondswerien, v. to answer, S; see 

Ondyn, v. to breathe, Prompt. ; ande, 

Ondyng, sb. smelling:, PP ; aynding- , B. 

Ones, adv. once, Sa, S3, C3, G, P ; see 

One-Sprute 9 sb. inspiration, S2. 

On-ferrum, adv. afar, S2 ; see Aferre. 
(On- 1.) 

On- foil, v. to receive, endure ; onnfoft, 
pr. J., S ; onfanged, //. s. y S2. — AS. on-fdn 
for ond-fdn, see Sievers, 198, 5. 1. Cf. 
Afon. (On- 2.) 

Ongel, sb. angel, S ; see Angel. 

On-halsien, v. to adjure, entreat, S. 
(On- 1.) 

Onhede, sb. unity, Voc. ; see Oonhed. 

Oni^t, adv. by night, S ; see A-nyghte. 

On imete, adj. immeasurable, S ; see 
Unimet. (On- 3.) 

On-lappyt, pt. s. unfolded, S3 ; see 

On-lepi, adj. only, S, S2 ; see Oonlepy. 

Onlepiliche, adv. only, singly, S, 

On-lesnnt, adj. not allowable, S3 ; 
see TTnlenesnm. (On- 3.) 

Onlich, adj. only, S ; see Oonli. 

On-lofte, adv. aloft, S2, C2 ; see Alofte, 
(On- 1.) 

On-losti, adj. idle, S2 ; see UnlnstL 
On-lyne, adv. alive, C2, G ; online, 
S.— AS. on life. Cf. Alyne. (On- 1.) 
Onoh, enough, S ; see Ynow. 
On-ronnde, adv. around, S2. (On- 1.) 
On-saffe, sb. affirmation, charge; on- 
sagren, pi. dat., S. — AS. on-sagu, affirma- 
tion (Schmid), for ond-sagu, see Sievers, 
198,5-1. (On- 2.) 

On-sene, sb. face, SD ; onsene, dat., 
S. — AS. on-ston, on-syn, an-syn (Mt. 28. 3). 
(On- 1.) 

On-Side, adv. aside, NED. (On- 1.) 
On-Sides, adv. aside, NED. 
On-sidis-hond, adv. aside, S2. 
On-sihtfo, sb. appearance, S. (On- 1.) 
On-slepe, adv. asleep, S2. (On- 1.) 
On-speMnde, pr. p. unspeaking, un- 
speakable, S2. ^On- 3.) 



On-8Were 9 sb. answer, S ; see Answere. 

On-8Werde 9 pt. s. answered, S; see 

On-tenden, v. to set on fire ; ontent, 
pr. s. y S ; ontende,//., S. — AS. on-iendan. 
Cf. Atenden. (On- 1.) 

Ontfal, adj. envious, S ; see Ondfnl. 

On-))Olyinde, pr. p. not enduring, in- 
tolerable, S2. (On- 3.) 

On-till,/ri/. until, to, B; see Until. 

On-todelinde, pr. /., adj. undividing, 
indivisible, S2. — AS. un-tod<klende. (On- 3.) 

On-nppe* prep, above, S; see An- 

On-vale, v. to unveil, S3. (On- 4.) 

On-nast, prep, fast by, S. 

On-wald, sb. power ; anwalde, dat., S ; 
anwolde, S ; onwalde, S ; onwolde, S. — 
AS. anwald. (On- 1.) 

On-wnrbi, adj. unworthy, Prompt. ; 
see UnwnrSi. 

On-zyginde, pr. p. unseeing, used in 
sense of * invisible,' S2. (On- 3.) 

Ook, sb. oak, C2, C3 ; ak, Voc. ; ok, S2 ; 
ake, Voc. ; oke, Voc, Cath., G ; aids, 
//., S3.— AS. dc\ cp. OHG. etch (eih). 
Cf. BToke. 

Oon, num. and indef. art. one, S2, S3, 
C2, C3, G ; an, one, an, S, S2, H ; ane, 
MD, S3, H; a, MD, S2, H; on, S, S2, 
S3, C2, G; one, MD, S, S2; o, S, S2, S3, 
C3, G ; 00, S3, C3 ; »n, S ; ann, S ; amne, 
S ; enne, S, S2 ; ene, S ; an», S ; ane, S ; 
onne, S ; ore, dat. f., S. Phr. : by him 
one, by himself, MD ; be it ane, by itself, 
H (Ps. 101. 7); all himxn ane, all by 
himself, S ; hire ane, by herself, S ; ower 
ones, of you alone, S. — AS. dn. 

Oone-fold, adj. onefold, single, simple, 
MD ; anfald, S, HD.— AS. dn-feald. 

Oones, adv. once, G; ones, MD, S2, 
S3, C3, G, P ; onis, P ; onys, W2 ; enes, 
S, S2 ; soness, S. Phr. : at anes, at 
once, MD ; et enes, S; at ones, MD, S2, 
C3 ; at ans, S2 ; at oones, G.— AS. dnes, 
gen. m. of an, used in ME. adverbially. 
AS. <kne is used to express * once, at once.' 
Cf. Hones. 

Oonhed, sb. unity, HD (p. 588) ; one- 
heede, HD ; onhede, Voc. ; anhed, H ; 
anhede, H. 

Oonlepy, adj. t adv. only, sole, MD ; 
onlepi, S, S2 ; olepi, S, S2 ; anlepi, S, 
H.— AS. dn-lepig. 

Ocnli, adj, only, sole, MD ; onlich, MD, 
M 2 



S ; anil, anly, H. Comb. : anly stede, 

solitude, H.— AS. dn-lic, <kn-lic, 

Oonli, adv. only, W; onliohe, PP; 
onlyoh, S2 ; oneliehe, PP ; anli, MD ; 
anly, S2 ; onli, MD ; oneli, W (John 
5. 18). 

Oor, sb. ore, unrefined metal, S2 ; ore, 
Voc. ; oore, Manip.— AS. 6r (SkD). 

Oost, sb. an army, B, S3, W, W2 ; oist, 
B ; oyst, B ; ost, B, S2 ; oostis, //., W, 
W2.— AF. ost, host; Lat. hostem, enemy, 

Ooste, sb. host, inn-keeper, MD ; ost, 
CM, MD ; host, MD ; hoost, C ; hoste, 
dat. t MD.— OF. oste, hoste ; Lat. hospitem. 

Open, adj. open, S2, SD ; ope, S ; upon, 
S2 ; opyn, W ; opene, pi., S.— AS. open ; 
cp. Icel. opinn, and OHG. offan (Otfrid). 

Open-heaued, adj. bare-headed, S. 

Openin, v. to open, explain, S ; oppen- 
*n&,pr.p., S2.— AS. (ge-)openian. 

Open-lie, adj. open, S2 ; openliche, 
adv., S; opeliohe, S.— AS. openlic, adv. 

Opposen, v. to question, SkD ; oposyn, 
Prompt.; opposed, pt. s., PP.— OF. op- 
poser ; Lat. ob +pausare. Cf. Aposen. 

Opye, sb. opium, C, CM.— OF. opie; 
Lat. opium ; Gr. omov, poppy-juice, from 
tir6s, sap. 

Or, pron. your, S2 ; ore, S2 ; see ^oure. 
Or, prep., eonj., adv. before. Comb. : or 
*ver, WW. See Br. 

nOp, conj. or, S ; see Otter. 

Op-, prefix, out, without, excessive. — 

AS. or- : OHG. «r- (Tatian) : Goth. us-. 

Oratorye, sb. a place for prayer, C. — 

OF. oratoire ; Lat. oratorium (Vulg.). 
Orche;ard, sb. orchard, S3 ; orchard, 

SD ; orchard, Voc. — AS. orcerd (Voc.), 

ort-geard y (BT) : Goth, aurtigards ; see 

Fick, 7. 35- 
Ord, sb. point, beginning, S, HD, C2 ; 

orde, dat., S.— AS. ord (Voc.) ; cp. OHG. 

ort, a point, limit, district, IceL oddr, l cus- 

pis;' seeKluge. 
Ordal, sb. ordeal, a severe test before 

judge, CM, SkD.— AS. or-dil, OS. ur-dM\ 

cp. OHG. ur-deili, 'judicium' (Otfrid). 

Ordeynen, v. to ordain, appoint, S2, 

PP ; ordayny, S2 ; ordand, //. s. } S3 ; 

ordeigned, P ; ordaynt, pp., S2 ; i- 

ordeyned, S2. — AF. ordeifier, OF. orde- 

tier; Lat. ordinare. 


Ordeynonr, sb. arranger, S*. 

Ordinance, sb. provision, array, S2. — 
AF. ordinance \j>rdenance). 

Ordinatly, adv. in good order, S3. 

Ordre, sb. order, PP, C3 ; ordres,//., 
orders (of friars), PP ; holy orders, PP.— 
AF. ordre ; OF. ordene, ordine ; Lat. or- 

Ordren, v. to arrange, rank, SD ; U 
OT&xet, pp., S. 

Ore, sb. oar, S; are, MD; ayr, B; 
ores,//.,S.— AS. dr. 

Ore, num. dat. fern, one, S ; see Oon. 

Ore, sb. honour, grace, favour, clemency, 
happy augury, S, S2, G, CM ; see Are. 

Ore, sb. ore, Voc. ; see Oor. 

Ore-les, adj. merciless, S2 ; oreleas, 
S ; see Areles. 

Orest, adj. and adv. superl. first, S; 
see Er. 

Orf, sb. an inheritance, hence, cattle, S, 
S2.— Icel. arfr. See Erfe. 

Organ, sb. organ, PP ; organs, //., or- 
ganum, Voc. ; orgnns, harps (morgana), 
W2 ; orgoyns, H. — Lat. organum ; Gr. 

Orgeilns, adj. proud, S, SD ; orgil- 
lous, Sh.— OF. orgueilleus (Bartsch). 

Orgel, sb. pride, SD; orhel, S; or- 
gul, SD.— AS. orgel\ cp. OF. orguel 

(Bartsch). Probably of Teut. origin ; cp. 

OHG. ur-gilo, excessively, oppressively 

(Otfrid). (Or-.) 

Orient, sb. the East, S3, C2.— AF. ori- 
ent; Lat. orientem, the rising (sun). 
Orientates, sapphires, P. 
OrisOTW, sb. prayer, orison, C, Sa; 

nreisnn,S; oreisonns, //., S2 ; orisons, 

C3.— AF. oreison, (ur-), oraisun ; Church 

Lat. orationem, prayer, from orare, to pray. 
Orlege, sb. time-teller, JD ; see Oro- 

Orleger, sb. clock, dial, S3 ; orlag*r, 

JD. See above. 
Or-mete, adj. immense, S. — AS. or- 

OrolOge, sb. time-teller, dial, clock, 

S3 ; orloge, Cath. (n) ; orlogge, C, CM ; 

horologe, Voc; orlege, JD; horlege, 

Cath., Prompt, (p. 120); orlage, Voc.— 

Lat. horologium ; Gr. &po\6yiov ; cp. F. 

horloge, Sp. relox (Minsheu). 
Orped adj. valiant, S2, HD, SD ; 

orpud, Prompt; orpld, HD ; orpit, 

proud, also fretful, habitually chiding, JD ; 


horpid, SD; horpyd, HD ; orpede, HD ; 
used as a descriptive personal name, Bards- 
ley ; lioxpede, Bardsley. 

Orpedliche, adv. boldly, SD ; orped- 
lien, HD ; orpedli, SD. 

Orpedschipe, sb. bravery, SD. 

Orpiment, sb. orpiment, Ca.— AF. or- 
piment; Late Lat. auripigmentum ; JLat. 
aurum, gold + pigmentum, colouring ma- 

Orpine, sb. a kind of stone-crop, Cath., 
SkD ; yellow arsenic, HD ; orpyne, Voc. ; 
orpin, telcpinum, Manip. ; orpyn, eras- 
sula major, Prompt. — OF. orpin, orpin; 
also orpine, orpiment, or arsenic (Cotg.). 

Orrible, adj. horrible, MD.— OF. or- 
ribie ; Lat. horribilem. 

Orronr, sb. horror, dread, Wa.— OF. 
orreur (Bartsch) ; Lat horrorem. 

Orts, sb. pi. remnants, Sh. ; ortos, 
Prompt. ; ortys, Cath.— AS. *or*<kt, « reli- 
quiae pabuli *; cp. ODu. oor-eto, what is left 
after eating. (Or-.) 

Osse, sb. omen, prophecy, ND. 

Osse, v . to prophesy, HD ; oases, /r. s., 
WA ; ossed, //., WA.— OF. oser, to ven- 
ture, to dare ; Late Lat. ausare (It. ausare), 
from Lat audere (pp. aus-us). 

Ossing, sb. attempt, WA. See above. 

Ostage, sb. hostage, Sa ; hostage, B.— 
AF. ostage {hostage) ; Late Lat *obsida/i- 
cum (cp. It. statico), from Lat. obsidem y 
hostage, one who remains behind, from 
obsid- % stem oiobsidere. 

Ogte, sb, host, MD ; o*t,CM, MD ; see 

Ostel, sb, hostel, Prompt, MD ; hostel, 
MD ; osteyl, HD ; ostayle, HD.— OF. 
ostel \ hostel '; Lat hospitale, relating to a 
guest. See Ooste. 

Ostelere, sb. inn-keeper. Prompt. ; ost- 
ller, W ; hostiler, C ; host*Uere, P. 

Ostelrie, sb. hostelry, MD, CM ; hos- 
telrle, C. 

Ostery, sb. inn, HD, MD ; ostrle, W ; 
nostery, MD. 

Ostryche, sb. ostrich, Voc. ; ostridffe, 
Cotg. ; estridg-e, HD ; ostrigis, //. , W2. 
— OF. ostruce (Cotg.), austruce (Brachet) : 
Sp. avestruz ; Late Lat avis-strucio ; strucio 
for struthio; Gr. orpovO'uuv, an ostrich, 
from arpovBos, a bird. 

Otes, sb. pi. oats, Ca, P ; otys, Voc— 
AS. dte (OET). 

Oter, sb. otter, S ; ©tyr, Voc. ; otyxe, 
HD.— AS. otor (Voc.). 



Oth, prep, and conj. up to, until ; 0$, S ; 
a, S, NED (p. 3 c). Comb. : a-)>et, until 
that, S.— AS. #: OS. and Goth. und. Cf. 
nn- 3. 

Oth,;*. oath, MD ; oJ>, S, Sa, C ; at, S ; 
athes, //., S; o)>es, S, Ca, C3— AS. dd: 
Goth. «i^4f ; cp. OHG. eid (Tatian). 

Otfor, conj. either ... or, S, Sa, S3, C3 ; 
oifter, Sa, H, G ; or, S ; aafr. even, Sa ; 
anper, HD. — AS. d-hwader {Shwader^ 
dvfier, 6wter> duUer, dOer, dOor). See 
Sievers, 346. 

Other, adj. second, relating to one of 
two, other, S, Sa, G. Phr. : day and 
other, continually, G. — AS. 66er: OS. 
Mar, andar; cp. OHG. ander (Otfrid), 
Goth, anthar, Skt antara. For the suffix 
-thar cf. Forther. 

Other-gatis, adv. otherwise, H. 

OSer-lnker, adv. comp. otherwise, S. — 
AS. ddirlicor. 

Otfor-weies, adv. in another way, other- 
wise, S ; otherweyes, Ca. 

Ober-while t adv. occasionally, Sa, P. 

Otherwyse, adv. on any other con- 
dition, Ca. 

O-twinne, apart, in two, S ; otwyn,. 
H. Cf. Atwynne. (0-.) 

On, pron. you, S, Sa, PP; see 50U. 

Ought* sb.. aught, anything,. Sa, Ca; 
awiht, eawiht, MD ; oht, MD, Sa ; ohht„ 
S; onjt, W; o3t, S; ouot, S.; out,. S; 
ahet, S ; ante, S.— AS. d-wiht. Cf. Anht. 

Onh, pr. s. possesses, S ; onhte, pt, s*, 
S ; onghten, pt. pi., Ca ; see Owen. 

Otlle, sb. owl, Sa ; hole, S ; onles, pl. y 
Ca.— AS. tiU (Voc.). 

Oale, v. to howl, titular e, Manip,. 

Ounce, sb. ounce, Ca ; onus, Voc. ; 
nnoe, C, Cath. — AF. unce; Lat. unciai. 
See Xnohe. 

Ouphe, sb. elf, Sh. ; see Aulf. 

Oar, pron. your, S ; onre, Sa, PP ; see 

Oar-, prefix. Look for words as if spelt 
Oner-. See Oner- ( — Over-) below. 

Oore, pron. poss. our, W ; ure, S, Sa ; 
nr, S, Sa ; hure, S ; hur, S ; onre, ours, 
W ; onrnn, W ; nres, //., Sa. — AS. tire 9 
iSser, of us, our : Goth, ttnsara. 

Oomement, sb. ornament, Wa. — OF. 

Ournen, v. to adorn, Wa ; onrnede, 
//. s., Wa ; owned, //., W, Wa.— OF. 
orner ; Lat ornare. 



Ournyng, sb. an adorning, W. 

Ous, pron. dat. and ace. us, S2, PP ; owi, 
PP ; vu, S2 ; us, C2. Comb. : us self, 
ourselves, S, C2 ; us setae, P ; us silf, 
W.— AS. tls: Goth. uns. 

Out, adv. out, WA ; ut, S ; owt, B ; 
oute, W A ; out, infer/., away ! S2 ; 
uttere, adj. comp., outer, S ; utter, C3; ut- 
tereste, super I., extreme, C2 ; outemest, 
SD. Comb. : utmer, outer, W ; utter- 
mere, W2 ; utnume, exceptionally, S ; 
out taken, except, S2, C3 ; out takun, 
W, W2 ; outtane, S2 ; outane, B ; ow- 
tane, B ; utward, -outward, S ; ute wit, 
outside, S2 ; outwita, WA. 

Out, sb. aught, S ; see Ought. 

Out-beren, v. to -bear out, S2. 

Out-blasten, v. to blow out; out- 
blaste,//. s., S2. 

Out-bray, v. to bray out, S3. 

Ont-breiden, v. to awake; oute- 
breyde, pt. 3., S2. 

Out-bresten, v. to burst out; owt- 

brastyng;, pr. p. % S3 ; ute-brast, //. /., S2 ; 
out-brast, S3. 

Oaten, adj. strange, foreign, S2. 

Outen, v. to utter, Ca, C3, SkD (s. v. 
utter).— AS. Man. 

Onterly, adv. utterly, C2, C3 ; uterly, 
S3(s.v. at); utrely, S2. 

Onthees, sb. the hue and cry, C, HD ; 
utneste, S. — Low Lat. uthesium (Schmid), 
for hutesium {huesium), from OF. huter 
(huer), see Ducange (s. v. huesium). See 

Outfor, conj. either, or, SD, S2, H ; see 

Out-doiyug, sb. extreme joy, Wa. 

Out-lawe, sb. outlaw, PP, Manip. ; ut- 
laje, S.— AS. titlaga (Schmid) ; Icel. titla- 
ga, outlawed, litlagi, outlaw. 

Ont-leden, v. to produce, educere\ 
oute-leden, Si. 

Out-let, sb. outlet; utlete, dat., S.— 
Cp. Icel. litldt. 

Outrage, sb. outrage, excessive insult, 
SD, H, Jb, luxus, Manip. ; owterage, cx- 
cessus, Prompt.— OF. outrage, oltrage ; cp. 
It. oltraggio (Florio), Low Lat ultragium ; 
from Ot. ottre; Lat. uitra. 

Outrage, adj. outrageous, S3 ; wtrage, 
S3 ; owtrage, S3. 

Outrage, v. to outrage, destroy, to lose 
temper, C2 ; outrayed, //. s., S3. -OF. 
ouitrager (Cotg.). 


Outragely, adv. superfluously, H. 

Outrageous, adj. excessive, C3, B. 

Outrageu&ly, adv. excessively, H. 

Outrance, sb. excess, extremity, S3, 
JD.— OF. oultrance (Cotg.). 

Outrayed, pt. s. destroyed, S3; see 
Outrage, v. 

Outren, v. to utter, to put out and cir- 
culate, SkD. 

Out-ryde, v. to ride out, PP ; to out- 
ride, overtake in riding, S. 

Out-sendeu, v. to send out, S2. 

Out-take, v. to take out, except, de- 
liver, S2 ; out toke, pt. s. t S2 ; out taken, 
pp., S2, C3; out takun, W, Wa; out 
tane, S2 ; outakun, W2. See Out. 

Ou^t* sb. aught, W ; see Ought. 

Ou^te, pt. s. possessed, W ; see Owen. 

Ouelete, sb. the oblation in the Eucha- 
rist, S.— AS. ofiite (Leo), oflate (OET) ; 
Church Lat. oblata (Ducange). Cf. Oble. 

Ouen, sb. oven, S ; ofne, dot., S.— AS. 
ofen, OHG. ofan (Tatian) : Goth, auhns : 
OTeut. stem *uAwna-, see Douse, p. 80. 

Ouer, prep., adv. over, above, beyond, S, 
Ca, W ; uferr, S ; our, S2, S3, B ; oure, 
S3 ; ouer, adj., upper, C, SkD ; ouerer, 
cotnp., W2, H ; ouereste, super!., C, S2. 
Comb.: oueral, all over, everywhere, S, 
S2, C, C2, C3 ; ouur al, S2 ; ouir UtU, 
too little, Prompt. ; or-litel, S2 ; ouer mjr- 
kel, over much, S2 ; ouer bwert, across, 
perverse, S2, W; ouer thwart, across, 
crossways, C; our-thwort, S3, B. — AS. 
o/er: Goth, ufar (see Sievers, 25. 1) ; cp. 
OHG. ubar (Otfrid). 

Ouer-, prefix, over- ; our-, B ; or-, Sa. 

Ouer-CUmen, v. to overcome, S ; ouer- 
oome, S, S2, W2; ofercom, //. s. y S; 
oueroom, Sa ; ouercumen, pp., S ; ouez^ 
come, S2. — AS. ofer-cuman. 

Ouer-dede, sb. excess, S. 

Ouer-fare, v. to pass over, Sa. — AS, 

Our-fret,//. s. fretted over, S3. 

Ouer-gan, v. to go over, super are, SD, 
Sa ; ouerg-on, S, W ; ourga, B ; ouergon, 
pp., S2. — AS. ofer-gdn : OHG. ubar-gdn 

Our-hailing,/r. /. overhauling, con- 
sidering, S3. 

Our-heldand, /r. /. covering over, S3. 

Ouer-howen, v. to disregard, despise ; 
ofer-nowe$,/r. s., S ; ofer-bo^ien, SD. 

Ouer-lede, v. to domineer over, P. 


Ouer-leiyng, sb. pressure, W. 

Ouer-liggen, v. to lie upon, S. — AS. 

Ouer-lippe, sb. upper lip, S2, C. 

Oner-lop, sb. omission, S2. 

Ouerlyng, sb. a superior, H, HD. 

Ouer-maistrien, v. to overmaster, P. 

Ouermastes, sb. pi summits, S2. 

Ouer-non, sb. afternoon, S2 (1 a. 164). 

Oaer-8en, v. to observe, survey, look 
down upon, to despise, overlook, P ; oner- 
siMK, pr. s., S ; ouene),pt. s., S (16. 30) ; 
aner-»ene,//.,WW,S3; oner-*eye (me), 
pp., forgotten myself, P.— AS. ofer-sion. 

Ouer-Sloppe, sb. upper garment, C3. 

Onr-strangnt. pp> stretched across, 


Oner-take, v. to overtake, SD ; oner- 
tan,//., S2 ; onrtane, B. 

Oner-fogt, <a#. anxious, S. 

Over -thro we, #. to fall down, G ; 
overthrew,//, s., G. 

Ouer-tUd, pp. covered over, S. — AS. 
e/erte/dan, to cover over. 

Onertlye, adv. openly, S2. — From AF. 
evert, pp. of ovrir, OF. a'&vrir, aiivrir, 
Prov. adubrir ; Lat. ad + de + operire. 

Oner-trowynge, pr.p. anxious, over- 
conscious, W. 

Ouer-walten, v. to overflow, S2. 

Oner-wente, pt. s. overcame, S. See 

Onet, sb. fruit, S2.— AS. ofet ; cp. OHG. 
ebaz (G. obst), Du. ooft \ see Kluge. 

Ow, inter/, alas ! G. 

Ontipron. you, S, S2 ; see Jon. 
I Owai, fl^. away, S2. Phr. : owai do 

pam, do away with them, destroy them, 
S2. See Away. 

Owel, sb. awl, S, Voc. ; see AnL 

Owen, v. to have, possess, to have to do, 
to be obliged, to owe, MD, S, C3, PP; 
o?en, S; a$en, S; a3nenn, MD ; ajne, 
I H ; awen, MD ; agen, S ; alien, S ; owe, 
pr. s.,P; o*,S; ouh,S; a*h,Sa; a*,S; 
an, S2 ; onnte, //. s., PP, S ; onjte, PP, 
W; anhte, S; ancte,S; ante,S; affhte, 
H ; agte, S; a*te, S2 ; an*t, W ; a*ht, 



52 ; aneht, //., S2 ; oughten, C2.— AS. 
agon, 1 and 3 pr. s. dh (pi. dgon) t pt. dhte t 
pp. dgen. 

Owen, a#. own, S, S2, S3, C2, C3,PP; 
o*en, S, S2 ; ogen, S ; as en, S ; affen, S ; 
a^nenn, S ; alien, S ; awin, S3 ; awyn, 

53 ; awn, S3 ; owe, S, S2 ; o*he, S ; o*e, 
S ; onne, S, S2, PP ; o;ene, S2 ; offline, 
S2. — AS. dgen, own, possessed, pp. of dgan, 
to possess. 

Ower, pron. your, S ; see Bonre. 
O-wher, adv. somewhere, anywhere, C, 
C3, SD (s.v. dwher, p. 1 2) ; ownar, SD, S2 
(7. ai 7) ; oner (for onner ?), S. — AS. d- 
hwkr. See O (adv.). 

O-whider, adv. anywhither, SD (p. 
1 2) ; o-hwider, S.— AS. d-hwider. See 
O (adv.) 

O-whils, conj. on whiles, during the 
time that, H. 

Oze, sb. ox, S ; exen, //., HD ; oxl«, 
W.— AS. oxa : OHG. ohso (Tatian) : Goth. 
auhsa ; cp. Skt. ukshan. The AS. pi. forms 
are oxan, axen, exen. 

Oxe-stalle, sb. ox-stall, C2. 

Oxsprinjf, sb. offspring, S2 ; see Of- 

Oyle, sb. oil, C3, MD; oyUe, S2 ; 
oyele, S2 ; oil, MD ; oilles, pi, flattery, 
PP. Phr. : bere np oile, to flatter, PP 
(n) ; hilde vp J>e kynges oyl, Trevisa, 3. 
447, seeNQ (6. 1. 75).— AF. oile, die ; Late 
Lat. olium ; Lat. oleum. Cf. Ble. 

Oynement, sb. ointment, W, C ; oyne- 
mentie, //., S3, W. — AF. oignement, 
from ongier, to anoint ; Lat. ungere. Cf. 

Oyntynge, sb. anointing, H. 

Oynonn, sb. onion, CM ; oynon, Voc. ; 
oingnnxn, Voc. ; oynouns, //., C ; oyne- 
;ones, HD.— AF. oynoun (F. oignon) ; 
Lat. unionem. 

0}ein.,prep. against, MD; see A;ein. 

O^eines, prep, in comparison with, S ; 
see Ajeinee. 

O^en, v. to owe, S ; see Owen, v. 

O^en, adj. own, S ; see Owen, adj. 

Ojt, sb. aught, S ; see Ought. 





Face, sb. ; see Pas. 

Face, v. ; see Passen. 

Fadde, sb. toad, SkD ; pades,//., S ; pad- 
dis, SkD. Comb.\ pad-«toole, toad- stool, 
Manip. — Icel. padda. 

Faddok, sb. toad, Prompt. ; frog, Wa ; 
paddoke, rana, Voc. (»); padookes, //., 
grenouilles, Palsg. Comb.: paddok-stole/ 
fungus, toad-stool, Cath. 

Faene, adj. pagan, S ; see Payen. 

Fagent, sb. a pageant, pagina, Prompt. ; 
paffeant, scena, theatrum, Manip. 

Fagent, sb. a page, writing ; see below. 

Fagyne, sb. page writing, HD; pagine, 
SkD ; parent, SkD (s.v. page). Phr. : per- 
feocionn of dyuyne pagyne, H (p. 4). — 
Lat. pagina, a written page, that which is 
written, a paragraph or book. 

Fais, sb. peace, S ; see Pees. 

Pak, sb. a small bundle, PP; pakke, 
sarcina, Prompt. 

Fatten, v. to pack, PP, Prompt. 

Fak-nelde, sb. packing-needle, PP ; pak- 
neelde, S2 ; paknedle, PP. 

Fakok, sb. a peacock, PP ; see Peook. 

Falesy e, sb. paralysis, palsy, PP, Sa ; per- 
le«y, HD ; palesye, PP, S2 ; palesie, S2 ; 
palasie, S2 ; palacye, PP ; palesy,W; pal- 
■ye, P, Prompt.; parlesy, Cath., SkD.— 
OF. paralysie\ Lat. paralysin ; from Gr. 

Faleys, sb. palace, C,C2,PP; paleis, 
PP; palais, S; palys,PP; paleyse*, //., 
PP; paleis, PP.—AF. paleis, OF. palais; 
Lat. paiatium. 

Palfrey, sb. palfrey, saddle-horse, S2, C, 
PP; palfray, PP; palefrei, S.—AF. pale- 
frei, OF. palefreid (Roland) ; Low Lat. pa- 

Falle, sb. the archbishop's pallium, 
funeral pall, a costly kind of texture, a 
canopy, Prompt, HD, Voc; pall, HD, 
WA ; pal, S ; peUe, Prompt., S ; pell, S2 ; 
pelles, //., S. Comb. : pallen webls, 
fabrics of pall or fine cloth, WA. — Late 
Lat. pallium and palla, see Ducange ; cp. 
OF. pale, a kind of cloth (Ducange), and 
AS. pall, a rich texture (Voc). 

Fallen, v. to pall, to become vapid, 
Prompt., Palsg., SkD; palled,//, enfee- 
bled, C3.—OF. pallir } to grow pale ; see 

Palme, sb. palm (tree), palm of victory, 
WA ; palm, palm-branch, C3.— AF. palnu\ 
Lat. paltna. 

Falmere,^. palmer, S, PP; palmers,//., 
S2. — AF. palmer ; Church Lat. palmarium 
(ace). Siee above. 

Falmestrye, sb. palmistry, S3. See 

Faltok, sb. jacket, PP, Prompt ; pol- 
toeke, HD, Palsg.; paltoke, Voc— OF. 
paletocque (Prompt., n). For cognates, see 
SkD (s.v. paltry). 

Fament, sb. pavement, S3 ; see Pave- 

Fane, sb. a part or division of a thing, a 
skirt, Prompt, HD, SkD.— OF. pan, a piece 
(Bartsch) ; Lat.pannum (ace). Cf. Peny. 

Panel, sb. a division, compartment, jnry- 
list, piece of cloth on horse s back, Cath. 
(n), PP, Sh.; panell, PP; pan ell©, sub- 
sellium. Cath.; pannell, HD, Palsg. — 
AF. panel. See above. 

Faneter, sb. butler, PP ; pantere,Voc; 
panter, PP.—AF. panneter; Late Lat. 
panetarium (ace). See Payn. 

Panne, sb. pan, brain-pan, skull, PP, 
C3, Voc, Prompt. ; ponne, PP ; pan, C. 
—AS. panne (Voc.) ; cp. Low Lat. panna 
(Ducange), and G. pfanne. 

Fans, sb. pi. pence, W ; see Peny. 

Panter, sb. painter, pictor, Voc See 

Panter, sb. a net, snare, CM, HD, 
Voc ; pantere, Prompt. ; panther, Palsg., 
HD.— OF. pantiere ; Late Lat. pantkera ; 
Gr. TavO-ffpa ; see Ducange. 

Pantere, sb. panther, S3, Voc— OF. pan- 
tere ; Lat. pantkera ; from Gr. vdvOrjp. 

Fanyer, sb. pannier, bread-basket, PP; 
paynere*,//., FF.—AF.panyer. See Payn. 

Fapejay,^. parrot, popinjay, C2 ; pope- 
lay, PP; paplnjay, Voc; peginjay, 
Voc; popyngay, S3, HD; papyngay, 
HD ; papingaia,//., S3 ; popyngayes, S3. 
— AF. papejaye, parrot (mod. papegai) ; cp. 
OF. papegaux, pi.; Low Lat. pappagallus\ 
by popular etymology from the Low Gr. 
uauayas, see Ducange. 

Fappe, sb. breast, S, Voc ; pappes, //., 
Sl»), WW; pappy«, HD. 

Far, prep, by, with. Comb. : par amour, 
by love, with love, C ; for paramour, for 


love, Ca ; paramour, a lover (of either sex), 
C, WA ; paramour*, Manip ; par auen- 
ture, peradventure, S2, C2, C3, PP ; 
peranntere, H ; parauntre, S2 ; pera- 
nentnre, W; par cas, by chance, C3; 
par de (par Dieu), C, C3 ; pardee, C2 ; 
par fay, by my faith, C2, C3. 

Par- ; see also under Per-. 

Parage, ^.kindred, family; hence, birth, 
descent, HD, JD, CM ; equality. DG.— 
AF. parage \ Late Lat. *paraticum, an 
equality, from Lat. par, equal. Cf. Dis- 

Parcel, sb. part, share, little bit, PP ; 
parcele, WA. — AF. parcele, part; Late Lat 
pariicella ; cp. It. particella, 

Farcel-mele, adv. separately, bit by 
bit, PP ; pereel-xnel, S2, PP. 

Farcenel, sb. partner, H. 

Farcenelynge, sb. partnership, H. 

Parcener, sb. sharer, HD, W2 ; par- 
teaer, W ; partynere, S3 ; paroeaeris,//., 
W,Wa ; parteaerls,W ; partynerls,W.— 
AF. parcener e,parsenere, pi. parceners, per- 
ceners ; Late Lat. partionarium (ace). 

Farchementer, sb. preparer of parch- 
ment, Cath. ; parmeater, Voc. 

Farchemyn, sb. parchment, W, PP ; 
peronemyn,PP ; perohemen, WA. — AF. 
parchemin, Gr. wfpyapijvTi, from Mpyapos 
(cp. Lat. pergamena). 

Parchment ; see Fassamen. 

Farclos, sb. an enclosure, partition, 
screen, S3, Palsg ; paroloos, Prompt. ; per- 
clos, HD ; perdose, HD. — OF. parclos, pp., 
closed completely ; Lat. per + clausum. 

Pardon, sb. pardon, PP. — AF. pardun. 

Pardoner, sb. a seller of pardons, C,PP; 
pardonere, Prompt. 

Farement, sb. an adorning, C2, CM ; 
paraments, //., C. Phr. : ohambre of 
parexnents, the presence-chamber, C2. — 
OF. parement ; also chambre de parement, 
the Chamber of Presence (Cotg.). 

Parfit, adj. perfect, S2, PP, C3, W; 
parfyt, PP; perfyt, C; parflffht, C; 
perflt, C3, W ; perfiffht, C— OF. parfit, 
parfeit\ Lat. perfectum. 

Farntliche, adv. perfectly, PP ; per- 
fitliche, PP ; parfltly, C2, CM ; parfltU, 
W ; perfytUest, superl, H. 

Parfournen, v. to perform, PP, C2, 
CM, SPD (p. 280) ; parforme, PP ; per- 
fonrne, PP ; performen, PP. — AF. par- 
furnir, parfournir, to perform, to furnish. 
CI Furnish. 



Farische, sb. parish, PP; parisoh, 
PP ; paresone, PP ; parsche, PP.— OF. 
paroisse ; Church Lat. paroecia (also paro- 
chial ; Gr. vapoticia. 

Farischen, sb. parishioner, Cath., C ; 
parissefcens, pi., PP, S2 ; parshens, PP. 
— OF. paroUsien. See above. 

Faritorie, sb. pellitory, C3, SkD; 
peritorie, the wall-plant bartram, Manip.; 
paratory, colitropium, Voc. ; parietarj, 
HD.— OF. paritoire, pellitory (Cotg.) and 
paritarie (Alph.); Late Lat. paritaria 
( Alph.) ; Lat. parietaria, from paries, wall. 

Farlentent, sb. parliament, conference, 
PP, S2.— AF. parlement, from OF. parler, 
to talk ; Low Lat. parabolare (Brachet). 

Farlesy ; see Falesy. 

Farloure, sb. the conversation room in 
nunneries, PP ; parlowr, ' colloquotorium,' 
Cath. ; parlor, S.— OF. parloir ; Church 
Lat. parlatorium (Ducange). 

Farochien, sb. parishioner, PP ; per- 
roohloun, S3; paroschienes, //., PP. — 
OF. parochien ; Church YaX.parochianum ; 
from parochia. See Farisene. 

Fartie, sb. part, portion, PP ; partye, 
party (in a law suit), PP ; party, side, S2 ; 
parties, //., parts, S2. Phr. : a party, 
partially, S2. — AF. partie (partye), person ; 
Lat. partita, divided. 

Partly, adv. briskly ; see Ferk. 

Partriche, sb. partridge, S3, PP ; par- 
trion, C ; pertryohe, Prompt. — AF. per- 
drice, perdriz ; Lat. perdicem. 

Parvifl, sb. the open space in front of 
St. Paul's cathedral, HD ; parry «, C, CM ; 
parvyse, HD ; parvyoe, Prompt. — OF. 
parvis, the porch of a church, the outer 
court of a palace (hence Low Lat. parvi- 
sum), parevis, partis, para'is ; Late Lat. 
paradisum (ace.), the portico of St. Peter's, 
Rome (Ducange), also paradise (Vulg.); 
Gr. napatuaos. For the intercalation of v 
in OF. parvis, see Brachet (s.v. corvte). 

Fas, sb. a step, pace, pass, passage, 
canto, narrow path, C2, C3, PP, S2 ; paas, 
C3 J pass, S2 ; paee, Prompt. ; pas, //., 
S2 ; pases, S2. — AF. pas ; Lat. possum 

Paschen, v. to dash, to strike ; pash, 
HD ; paschte, //. s., PP; passlied, pp., 
passchet,//., S2. 

Faske, sb. passover, W, PP, HD ; part, 
W.— AF. pask ; Church Lat. pasclia ; Gr. 
ir&ox a » Heb. pesak, a passing-over. 

Fassamen, sb. a kind of lace, SPD (p. 



272), HD; passexaents, //., SPD, DG. 
Comb, : passamen lace, NQ (5. 9. 231) ; 
parchment lace, SPD.— OF. passement, a 
lace (Cotg.): It. passam&no (Florio); cp. 
Sp. passamdno, G. posament (Weigand). 
Cf. Perchmentier. 

Fassen, v. to pass, surpass, PP, C2, 
C3; pace, S2, C2, C3; to die, C2 ; y- 
passed, //., PP ; pasand, pr. p., S3.— 
AF. passer. 

Fassyng, pr. p. as adv. surpassing, 
i. e. very, S3 ; adj., C3. 

Fassyngly, adv. in a surpassing de- 
gree, S3. 

Fas-tans, sb. pastime, S3 ; pastanoe, 
S3; pastaunce, HD. — OF. passe-tans, 
passe-tens, passe-temps. 

Fatter, v. to repeat prayers, to say 
repeatedly, S3 ; patred,//. s , S3 (»), HD. 
— From Church Lat. pater, the first word 
in the pater-noster (' Our Father '). 

Fane, v to pave; y-paued, //., S3.— 
OF. pauer. 

Fanement, sb. pavement, C2 ; paui- 
ment, SkD ; pament, S3, Voc, Cath. («), 
H ; pawment, Prompt. — AF. pavement ; 
Lat. pauimentum. 

Fannie, sb. palm of the hand, PP ; 
pawxne, PP, W, Prompt; pame, Voc. 
Comb. : palme-play, game of ball played 
with the hand, S3. — OF. paume, palm of 
the hand ; Lat. palma ; cp. Y.jeu de paume, 

Fautener, sb. a vagabond, a libertine, 
HD; adj., rascally, ribald, B.— OF. pau- 
tonier, paltunier, a rascal (Bartsch) ; cp. 
Low Lat. paltonarius (Ducange).. For 
cognates see SkD (s. v. paltry). 

Fanilon, sb. pavilion, tent, PP ; pauil- 
youne, S2 ; pauiloun, lawyer's coif, PP ; 
panyloun, coif, PP ; panylons, pi , tents, 
S2. — AF. pavilion, tent ; Lat. papilionem, 
a tent, a butterfly. 

Favyce, sb. a shield, defence, Prompt. ; 
pauice, SkD ; panys, Prompt. (n), SkD., 
Voc, HD ; pavisse, HD ; pauisn, 
Prompt. (»), HD ; paluoise, Florio (s. v. 
testudine) ; palueise, Florio s.v.pauese). — 
AF. pavtse; Low Lat. pavisium (ace), 
also pavesium ; cp. OF. pavois (Cotg.) ; 
Low Lat. pavensem (Ducange). 

Favyser, sb. a soldier armed with a 
pavise, HD. 
Fax-brede, sb. a tablet with a crucifix 

which received from the worshippers the 

' osculum pads,' Voc, HD. See Bred (2), 


Faye, sb. satisfaction, HD, S2, PP ; ; 
S2; pay, S2.— AF. pate. 
Fayen, v. to please, satisfy, pay, PP, Sa» 
H ; payed, pp., satisfied, PP ; paled, W; 
payd, S2 ; paid, S2 ; y-payed, C— OF. 
paier, to satisfy, pay: Prov. pagar; Lat* 

Fayen, adj. and sb. pagan, heathen, C ; 
as a personal name, Bardsley ; payn, S ; 
paene, S; payns, //., S; paynes, S; 
pains, S ; paens, S ; payexui,S2, C3, CM. 
— AF. pa'ien ; Late \j\.paganum, heathen. 

Payn, sb. bread, PP ; payne, PP. Comb. : 
payn-demayn, bread made of the finest 
flour, C2 ; paynmayn, Voc. ; paynemayn, 
C2 {n) ; payman, Voc, HD— OF. pain 
demaine, demeine; Church Lat. panem 
dominicum, bread of our Lord. 

Fayne, sb. penalty, S2 ; see Peyne. 

Faynyme, sb. heathendom* S ; pai- 
nime, S ; paynym, a pagan, Saracen (an 
incorrect use\ PP, H ; payneme, S2 ; pay* 
nymes,//., PP ; painems, HD (s.v.payen). 
— AF. paenime, heathen lands, paganism ; 
OF. paienisme; Late Lat. paganismum 
(ace). See Payen. 

Faynyntery, sb. paganism, Cath. 

Feak, v. to pry about narrowly, to peep, 
ND. Comb.-, peak-goose, a peaking 
goose, ND ; peek-goos, S3 ; pea-goose, 
' a simple, doltish fellow, a noddy peak, a 
ninny-hammer, a coxe/ Cotg. (s. v. benet). 

Feakish, adj. looking sneakingly, ND. 

Peas, sb. peace, S3 ; see Pee«. 

Fease, v. to become peaceable ; peaste, 
//. s. f S3. 

Fece, sb. a bit, portion, a cup, S2, PP, 
Prompt., Cath., Palsg., HD ; peyce, S3.— 
AF. pece, piece ; cp. Low Lat. pecia, a piece 
(Voc), a cup (Ducange). 

FeCOk, sb. peacock, PP ; peooke, Voc; 
pekok, PP ; paooke, Cath. ; pacok, Voc. ; 
pakok, PP; poeok, PP, C; pokok, PP; 
pocokk, Voc. ; pokoe, Voc. ; pacokkia, 
//., S3.— AS. pia (pdwo) ; Lat. patio; see 
Sievers, 37. 2. Cf. Ponn. 

FeekgOOSe, sb. a silly fellow, S3 ; see 

Feel, sb. skin, rind of fruit, Cotg. (s. y. 
coupeau).— OF. pel ; Lat. pellem. 

Fees, sb. peace, silence, S2, C2, W, 
PP; pes, S, S2; peas, S3; pays, PP; 
pais, S.— AF. pees, pes, OF. pais; LaU 

Feesid,//. appeased, W2. 


. Feirement, sb. damage, detriment, W. 

Peiren, v. to injure, PP, CM ; peyren, 
PP; peired, pp., S2. — OF. peirier; 
Late Lat. peiorare\ cp. OF. empeirier, 
Xo become worse, to make woise, impair 

Peiryng, sb. damage, destruction, W. 

Peis, sb. weight, PP; peys, S2, PP; 
peyce, Prompt. ; peise, S3, Prompt. ; 
P<>y», S3.— OF. peis (pois) ; Lat. pensum. 

Peisen, v. to weigh, W2; peysede, 
pt. j., S2 ; peised, PP; poised, PP.— AF. 
peiser {poiser) ; Lat. pensare. 

Peitrel, sb. breast-plate of a horse in 
armour, HD ; peytrel, C3, Prompt. ; 
pewtrel, Manip. ; peytrelle, CM; pay- 
trelle, HD, Voc. ; pettryUe, Voc— AF. 
peitrel ; Lat. perforate. 

Pelet, sb. pellet, stone-ball, S2, PP, 
Cath., CM, Prompt. ; pelot, Prompt. ; 
pylotes, pi., Cath. (*).— AF. pelote, ball, 
cp. It. pilldtta (Florio) ; dimin. of Lat. 

Felle, sb. a pall, Prompt. ; see Pall©. 

Felrimage, sb. pilgrimage, S; see 

Felte, pt. s. pushed, S ; see Pnlten. 

Felure, sb. fur-work, PP ; pellure, S2, 
Prompt., PP. — AF. pelure, OF. peleure 
(from OF. pel) ; Late Lat. pellatura , from 
Lat. pellem, skin. 

Pen, sb. a pen, enclosure, crib,Sh., SkD ; 
penne, caula, Manip. ; penes, //.,S2. See 

Penannce, sb. suffering, punishment, 
penance, penitence, W, C, PP.— OF. pen- 
ance, penednce ; Lat. poenitentia. 

Penanncer, sb. one who imposes a 
penance, PP. 

Penaunt, sb. one undergoing penance, 
C2, PP ; penawnte, Prompt— OF. penant, 
peneant ; Lat. poenitentem. 

Pencell, sb. a little banner, pennon, S2 ; 
pensel, PP, CM ; pensell, Paisg., Cath. 
(p. 2 Sow). — OY.penoncel, pennoncel t dimin. 
oi pennon, a flag, streamer. See Penoun. 

Penible, adj. careful to please, C2 ; see 

Penid, sb. a pennet, little wreath of 
sugar taken in a cold, sugar-candy, Florio 
(s. v. diapUde) ; penet, Florio ; pennet, 
ND, Cotg., PP, Notes (p. no) ; penydes, 
//., Alph.— OF. penide (Cotg.) ; Late Gr. 
vrjvihiov, a little twist of thread, from Gr. 
vrjvT], thread. Cf. Dia-penidlon. 



Fenne, sb. quill of a feather, Voc. ; 
a pen, Cath. ; pennes, //., S2, W2. — AFt 
penne ; Lat. penna. 

Fenonn, sb. a pennon, small banner, 
SkD ; pynoun, C ; penounes, //., S3. — 
AF. penon, feather of a cross-bow bolt, 
OF. pennon, feather of an arrow, flag, 
streamer ; cp. It. penndne (Florio). 

Feny, sb. penny, S2 ; penye, S ; peny, 
Sa ; peni, S ; pens, //., W, S2, S3, Cs; 
pons, S2 ; pans, W. Comb. : penny- 
breid, penny's breidth, S3.— AS. pening 
(Mk. 12. 15), penning (Scbmid), pending, 
a little pledge or token (SkD) ; cp. OHG. 
phending (Tatian), dimin. of phand ; Lat. 
pannus, a piece of cloth ; Late Lat. f an- 
num, pledge, something pledged or pawned 
(Ducange). Cf. Pane. 

Feosen, sb. pi. peas, S2 ; see Pese. 

Far- ; see also under Par-. 

Feranntere, peradventure, H ; see 

Fercelmel, adv. bit by bit, S2 ; see 

Fercen, v. to pierce, S2, PP, C2 ; 
persen, W, PP; pexcne, Cath., HD ; 
pexshaunt, pr. p., PP ; persand, Sj ; 
pearst, pp., S3; persid, W2. — AF. 
percer\ OX.percher; Late Lat. *particare, 
to part. For suffix -icare cp. Late Lat. 
*coacticare (whence F. cocker); see BH, 
5 97- Cp. also OF. person =partitionem, 
Ps. 15. 6 (Apfelstedt). 

Ferchmentier, sb. dealer in ' parch- 
ment lace,' S3. — Cp. It. passamentiere 
(Florio). See Passamen. 

Fercyl, sb. parsley, S2; perdl, PP; 
peroyll, Prompt. ; pareelle, Cath. ; per- 
sylle, Voc. ; percelle, Cath. ; persUe, 
Alph. — OF. persil; Late Lat. petrocillum 
(Voc.) ; from Gr. verpoaiXtvov. For the 
effect of the Greek accent see Brachet, and 
cp. F. tncre (Bnke). 

Fere, adj. and sb. equal, a peer, PP, C2 ; 
per, SkD ; peer, PP, C2 ; peare, S3 ; 

peres,//., PP ; pieres, S3.— AF. per (pi. 
pers, peres) ; Lat. parent. 

Fere, sb. pear, Voc, Cath.; peere, 
Prompt. ; perys,^/., CM. Comb.: peere 
apple, Prompt.; pere-ionette, an early 
ripe pear, PP ; perjonette, CM. — AS. pere, 
peru ; Lat. pirum. Cf. Pereye. 

Peregrin, adj. foreign ; peregryn,C2. 

— OF. peregrin \ Lat. peregrinum. Cf. 



Peregrin, sb. a kind of falcon, HD. — 
Cp. Late Lat. peregrina falco (Ducange). 

Peren, v. to appear, P. — OF. pareir 
(paroir) ; Lat. parere, to appear. 

Pereye, sb. perry, S2, Voc; perre, 
Prompt. ; pirrey, Cath. ; pirre, Cath. 
Comb. : piri-whit, white perry, S2, PP.— 
OF. perey, pert, peirt (mod. poiri), from 
peire (mod. poire), pear; cp. Late Lat. 
piretum (Voc), from pirum. 

Perfet, adj. perfect, C3, W; see Parllt. 

Perk, adj. proud, pert, elated, HD ; 
perke, ND; pert, SkD; partly, adv., 
briskly, S3. 

Perken, v. to smarten > to trim, SkD 
(s.v. pert) ; pyrkis, pr. s., S3. 

Pernel, sb. Pernel, or Paroel, a common 
female name, S2, Bardsley; purnele, a 
concubine, PP. — OF. Peronelle ; Late Lat. 
Petronilla, name of a saint. 

Perreye, sb. jewelry, precious stones, 
PP ; perreie, S2 ; perrye, C, PP, HD ; 
perrey, S2 ; perree, C2. — AF. perrye ; 
OF. pierrerie, precious stones; from OF. 
piere, pere ; Lat. petra, stone. 

Fers, adj. dark rich blue, sky-coloured, 
bluish grey, CM, C; perss, S3.— OF. 
pers (Bartsch) ; cp. It. perso, Low Lat. 
persus, perseus (Ducange). 

Perte, adj. manifest, obvious, S2, PP; 
adv. openly, PP. See Apert. 

Pertelyche, adv. plainly, evidently, 
S2 ; pertelioh, PP ; pertly, truly, S2 ; 
openly, P ; pertely, completely, S2. 
Pes, sb. peace, S, S2 ; see Pees. 

Fese, sb. a pea, PP ; peose, PP ; peese, 
PP ; pesen, pi., PP ; peosen, S2 ; peses, 
PP. Comb. : pese-coddes, pea-pods, S2, P ; 
pes-eodes, S3 ; pese-lof, loaf made with 
peas, P. — AS. piose (pyse, pise),, pease ; 
Lat. pisa , pi. oipisum. 
Pesibilte, sb. a calm, W. See Pees. 
Fesible, adj. peaceful, W2.— OF. paisi- 
ble ; Late Lat. pacibilem. 

Fesiblenesse, sb. calm, S2, W ; pe- 

sibilnesse, W. 

Pettail, sb. rabble, 8 ; see Pltaile. 

Pettes, sb. pi. pits, S2 ; see Pyt. 

Peyne, sb. pain, penalty, C2, W, PP ; 
peine, S2 ; payne, S2. — AF. pay ne, paine, 
OF. peine ; Late Lat. pena ; Lat. poena. 
Cf. Pyne. 

Peyneble, adj. pains-taking, S2 ; pe- 
nyble, HD ; penlble, C2.— OF. penible, 


Peynen, v. rejlex. to take pains, PP, 
S2, C2 ; peyned,^., punished, W. 

Feynten, v. to paint, CM, PP ; peynf* 
pp., S3, CM ; peynted, C2 ; y-peynt, S3. 
— From OF. peint, pp. of peindre ; Lat. 
pingere, see Brachet. 
Feyntnre, sb. picture, CM. — QF.pein- 
ture (AF. painture). 
Fkantasie, sb. fancy, S3.— Gr. ^w- 

Fhilantia, sb. explained ' philosophy/ 
S3 ; philautie, self-love, ND.— Gr. <J>iKav- 
ria, self-love. 

Fhilosophre, sb. philosopher, C2, C3 ; 
philosophree, pi, C3; philosophers, 
PP.— OF. philosopher Lat. phibsophum 
(ace.) ; Gr. <ptXoa expos, a lover of wisdom. 
For the r added in the English word, cp. 
chorister for F. choriste. 

Picchen, v. to pitch, to fix, to pick, di- 
vide with a sharp point, P ; pitching^, pr. 
p., W; pijte, pt. s., SD; piffhte him, 
pitched, fell, SkD; pi3ten,//., W; pikt. 
pp., PP ; pi 3 t, WA ; piffHt, S3, PP, ND ; 
py3te, PP. Cf. Pyken. 
Pich, sb. pitch, S ; see Pikke. 
Pigge, sb. pig, porcellus, Manip.; 
PJffffe, Prompt. Comb. : pigsnie, * pigs 
eye, 1 a term of endearment, ND ; pitfffes- 
neyffhe, CM ; pifif»ny, ND, S3. 
Pike, v. to pitch, S ; pykke, Cath. 
Pikke, sb. pitch, Cath. ; pyk, Prompt. ; 
pyche, Prompt. ; pych, S ; pich, S.— 
AS. pic (Voc.) ; Lat. picem. 
Filer, sb. pillar, S, PP, C2, C ; pyler, 
PP ; pilere, W ; pylere, Prompt.— AF. 
piler ; Low Lat. pilare (Ducange). 

Pillage, sb, plunder; pyllage, SkD; 
pilaff e, W A. 

Pillen, v. to peel, Prompt. ; pille, Cath. ; 
pill, Cotg., WW ; pilie, PP ; pilled, pp., 
bald,W W,Prompt.; piled, C ; pilde, peeled, 
bare, S3. Phr. : pille garleke, vellicare, 
Cath. — OF, peler (Cotg.), also piller 
(Palsg.) ; Lat. pilare, to deprive of hair, 
from pilus, hair. 

Pillen, v. to plunder, CM, ND ; pylle, 
S3; Pilen, PP; pil, H; pylen, PP ; 
pylled, pt. pi, S3.— OF. piller (Cotg.) ; 
Late Lat. pilare (Ducange). 
Pillery, sb. rapine, ND. 
Pilling, sb. robbery, S3. 
Plllonr, sb. plunderer, PP; piloure, 
PP; pyllars,//.,S3. 
Filwe, sb. pillow, CM; pilewe, S2; 



pilous, pi., CM.— AS. pyle {=*pulwt)\ 
Lat. pulvinus ; cp. OHG./A*/*W(Tatian). 

PUwe-beer, sb. pillow-case, C; piU 
lowe-bere, Cath. ; pyllo-berys, pi., HD. 

Pinchen, v. to find fault, C3 ; pynche, 
C; i-pynched, pp., plaited, C. Phr.\ 
X pynche eonrtaysye, je fays le nyce, 
Palsg. — OF. pincer ; It picciare, to pinch 
with a beak (Florio) ; from piccio, a beak, 
bill (Florio). 

Pirie, sb. pear-tree, S2, P. — AS. pirige 
(Voc). See Pere. 

Piri-whit, sb, white perry, S2; see 

Pirries, sb. pi. storms of wind, S3 ; see 

Piscence, sb. might, S3; see Puis- 



Pistle, sb. epistle, PP, W, S3 ; py»tyi, 
Prompt. ; pistil, PP, C2 ; plstill, WA ; 
pistlis,//.,W.— OF. epistle {epistre,Cotg.) ; 
Lat. epistola ; Gr. ImffroXii, message. 

Pitaile, sb. footsoldiers, infantry, S2 ; 
pettaill, rabble, B; pitaill, B; pitaU, 
B.— AF. pitaille, foot-soldiers, OF. pieta- 
tile, a troop of footmen (Cotg.) ; from OF. 
piet; Lat pedem. 

Pitaunce, sb. provision, share, portion, 
dole, PP, C, CM ; pytaunoe, PP ; pyt- 
awnce, Prompt.— OF. pitance (Bartsch) ; 
Low Lat. pictancia (Ducange). 

Plage, sb. plague ( = Lat. plaga), W; 
plague, Sh. ; plagis, //., W. — Lat. plaga 
(Vulg.) ; Gr. vXrjy^, a blow, stroke, plague 
(lxx) ; cp. OF. plate. 

Plage, sb. a region, Cath. ; plages,//., 
S2, C3, HD.— OF. plage, a region, land, 
sea-coast (Cotg.) ; Lat. pldga (Vulg.). 

Plaid, sb. plea, dispute in a law-court, 
S ; plait, S ; plee, Prompt. ; placitum, 
Voc. ; pie, SkD, W ; play, SkD ; place, 
//., pleas, S3.— AF. plait, play, OF. plaid, 
plait, plat, proceedings in a law-court, a 
trial, law-court ; Late Lat. placitum, liter- 
ally, what is pleasing, hence a decision, 
law-court, pleading. 

Plaidi, v. to plead, bring a complaint, 
argue, S ; plede, PP ; placitare, Voc. ; 
plete, PP, S3, Prompt.— AF.plaider, OF. 

PlaidixLg, sb. pleading, S; pledyng, 
PP ; pletynge, S3, Prompt. 

Plat, adj. flat, level, Prompt. ; adv. 
completely, fully, JD, C2.— OF. plat. 

Platly, adv. flatly, fully, S3, HD, 

Plate, sb. plate-armour, Sa, C2 ; plates, 
pi., PP.— AF. plate, a plate of metal, bul- 
lion, silver-plate,/ of plat, flat. 

Platte, pt. s. reflex, threw himself flat, 

PP, S2. 

Playn, adv. plainly, clearly, C2, C3 ; 
see Pleyn. 

Playne, v. to complain, S2, PP ; playn, 
S3 ; pleyne, PP, C2 ; pleyn, S3 ; plane, 
S3 ; pleignen, pr. pi, S2 ; pleynand, pr. 
p., S2 ; plenand, H.— OF. piaign-, stem of 
plaignant, pr. p. of plaindre {pleindre) ; 
Lat. plangere. 

Playnte, sb. complaint, lament, PP; 
pleinte, C2 ; pleyntes, //., C3.— OF. 
pleinte ; Late Lat. plancta, from Lat. plan- 

Playnyng, sb. complaint, S3. 

Playte, sb. a fold, plica, Prompt.; 
pleytes, pi., plaits of a cord, HD. — OF. 
pleit, a fold ; Lat. plicilum, folded. Cf. 

Playten, v. to fold, Prompt. ; plet- 
tand, pr. p., S3 ; pletede, pt. s., S2. 

Pie, sb. plea, W; see Plaid. 

Pleinte, sb. complaint, C2; see 

Plenere, adj. full, PP; adv. in fair 
numbers, PP ; plener, PP, HD. — OF. 
plenier ; Late Lat. plenarium. 

Plenerliche, adv. fully, HD; ple- 
nerly, Sa. 

Plenissen, v. to fill ; pienyst, pp., S3. 
— From OF. pleniss-, stem of plenissant, 
pr. p. oiplenir, from "LaX. plenum. 

Plentee, sb. plenty, C2 ; plente, 
Prompt. — OF. plente" ; Lat plenitatem. 

Plenteuons, adj. plenteous, abundant, 
C, PP ; plentenouse, W ; plentiuons, 
SkD ; plentefons, H ; plentuos, S2 ; 
plenteus, SkD.— OF. plentivous. 

PlentenOOSlier, adv. comp. more 
plenteously, W. 

Plenteuousnesse, sb. plenteousness, 

Plentunste, sb. plentifalness, H. 

Flesannce, sb. pleasure, kindness, PP ; 
plesance, B, S2, Cath., C2.— OF. plai- 

Plete, v. to plead, S3, PP, HD, Prompt. ; 
see Plaidi. 

Pletede, pt- s. plaited, folded up, S2 ; 
see Playten. 

I Pley, sb. play, C2; pleie, S.— AS. 
I plega, brisk motion, fight, play (OET). 



Fleyen, v. to play, amuse oneself, 
PP, C2 ; pleien, S, PP ; plelden, pt. pi. 
refl., S2. — AS. plegian, to play on an in- 
strument (OET), to play, « ludere,' to move 
briskly (Grein), plegan (Sievers, 391 ) : OS. 
plegan, to wager, to answer for ; cp. OHG. 
plegan (Otfrid). 

Fleyn, adj. even, level, plain, clear, 
Prompt, C, C3; playn, B; adv. plainly, 
clearly, C3 ; playn, C3. — AF. plain ; 
Lat. planum. 

Fleyn, v. to complain, S3 ; see Playne. 

Fleyn, adj. full, C, C3, PP.— OF. plein ; 
Lat. plenum. 

Fleynly, adv. fully, C. 

Flint, sb. danger, S2 ; pli3t, WA.— AS. 
pliht (OET.). 

Flihten, v. to pledge, plight, PP, S2 ; 
plyfrhte, PP, Prompt. ; pli3te,S ; piy*hte, 
pt. s., PP ; ply3hten, pi., PP ; pliht, pp., 
PP, S2 ; plyht, S2 ; pli3t, PP ; plyjt, S3 ; 
plight, PP; ply*ht, C3; I-plnht, S; 
y-pli*te, PP ; i-pl^t, S2.— AS. plihtan, 
to imperil, to venture (Schmid). 

Flihtfal, adj. dangerous, S2. 

Flite, sb. state, condition, manner, SkD 
(p. 822), CM, WA; see Plyte. 

Flouh, sb. plough, PP ; plow, Prompt. ; 
plewch, B ; plon;, PP ; ploh, S2 ; plewys, 
pi., S3. Comb. : plonh-fot, plough- foot, 
PP ; plow-loud, a measure of land, carru- 
cata, S2 ; plowelond, Voc. ; plowlond, 
Prompt. ; ploghe of lande, Cath. ; plowes 
of lond, G; plow-man, ploughman, C2, 
PP ; plowman, PP ; pluch-ox, plough- 
ox, S3 ; plowstert, plough-tail or handle, 
Prompt. — Ictl.pldgr, plough ; cp. AS. ploh, 
ploughland (SkD), OHG. pluag, plough 

Flnkken, v. to pluck, PP, Prompt; 
plokken, PP ; ply*hte, pt. s., CM, C2, 
PP ; plyfrht, pp., C2 (p. 290). — AS. 

Flume, sb. feather ; plumes, //., PP ; 
plomys, S3. — OF. plume ; Lat. pluma. 

Flye, v. to bend, C2.— AF. plier; Lat. 
plicare, to fold. 

Flyght, pp. plighted, pledged, C3 ; see 

Flyghte,//. s. plucked, pulled, C2 ; see 

Plyte, sb. state, condition, Prompt., C3, 
WA ; plite, CM, WA ; plit, S2.— OF.//*V<r, 
SkD (p. 822), pliste; Late Lat *plicita, 
from Lat. plicare, to fold. Cf. Playte, 


Foer, sb. power, S2 ; poeir, S2 ; power, 
Prompt. ; powere, army, WA ; pouwer, 
PP.— OF. poer, poeir; Late Lat. potere, to 
be able. 

Poised, //. s. weighed, PP ; see Felsen. 

Poke, sb. a bag, Cath., PP, S ; pooke, 
Prompt; poo, S2 ; powke, PP; pouh?, 
PP.— Cp.ODu./<?>fc. 

Foket, sb. pocket, Prompt. ; poketa, 
pi., C3. 

Fokke, sb. pustule, Prompt. ; poke, 
Voc. ; pokkee,//., C3, Voc, PP. 

Fokok, sb. a peacock, PP ; see Pecok. 

Polcat, sb. polecat, C3 ; pnlkat, 
Prompt., Voc. ; pnlcatte, SkD ; powlkat, 
SkD.— ME. pol ; OF. pole, polle ; Lat. 
pulla. Cf. Pnlte. 

Foletes, pullets, S2 ; see Pnlte. 

Polische, v. to polish, PP ; pullsche, 
Cath.; pnliehe, Cath.; polsche, PP; 
pnlsche, PP ; pnlched, //., S3. — From 
OF. poliss-, stem of polissant, pr. p. of 
polir; Lat. polire. 

Poll, sb. poll, head, WW ; head, person, 
WA; pol, PP; polles, pi, PP. Comb.-. 
poll-ax, pole-axe, C ; polax, CM. 

Poll, v. to cut off the hair, WW, Manip.; 
powled,, WW ; pollid, //., W, W2 ; 
powled, WW. Comb. : polled hen, C 
(p. 125); pulled hen, bald, moulting 
hen, C. 

Polle, v. to get money unfairly, by ex- 
tortion, Palsg. ; poll, spoliare, Manip., S3, 
ND, Sh. — The same word as above. 

Poller, sb. an extortioner, ND. 

Foiling, sb. unfair exaction, S3. 

Folyne, sb. pulley, C2, CM; polyftY 
ONE v i. 108). 

Pomade, sb. cider, PP. 

Fomage, sb. cider, HD. 

Pome, sb. pomade, S3. Comb. : pome- 
water, a kind of apple, HD ; pom-water, 
the apple of the eye, HD. — OF. pome, 
apple ; Lat. pomum. 

Pomel, sb. a knob, a boss, C, W T 2 ; 
pomels, //., S3 ; pomelles, HD. 

Fomely, adj. spotted like an apple, C, 
C3 ; pomelee, HD. Comb. : pomely grim 
(=gris pommel/), dapple grey,Cotg. — OF. 

Fonne, sb. pan, PP ; see Panne. 
Pons, sb. pi. pence, S2 ; see Peny. 
Pope, sb. the pope, PP; pape, S. Der. r 
popetrle, popery, S3. — AS. papa ; Church 
Lat. papa. 


Popet, sb. puppet, C2, SkD, CM.— OF. 

Popyngay, sb. parrot, popinjay, S3 ; 
see Papejay. 

Foraille, sb. poor people, C ; see 

Porckas, sb. gain, winnings, S2; see 

Pore, adj. poor, S2 ; see Pouer. 

Poret, sb. a kind of leek, PP, Prompt. ; 
porettes,//., S2, V.— OF. porrette (Cotg.). 

Pors, sb. purse, S2 ; see Purse. 

Fortatyf, adj. portable, light, P.— OF. 
portatif, lively of body (Cotg.). 

Porte, sb. gate, WW; port, Sh. ; 
portis, pi., S3. — AF. porte ; Lat. porta. 

Portrey, v. to pourtray, FP ; purtreye, 
PP ; pnrtraye, PP ; purtreied, //., S3 ; 
portred, S3 ; porturat, S3. — OF. portray-, 
stem ofportrayant, pr. p. oiportraire ; Late 
Lat. protrahere. 

Poraeid, //. provided, S2 ; see Purue- 

Pose, sb. cold in the head, S2, Prompt., 
Cath., Palsg., Voc, C3.— Wei. pas, a 
cough ; for cognates see SkD (s. v. wheeze), 
and Brugmann, § 441. 

Fossen, v. to push, S, PP, CM, 

Prompt. ; possnen, PP.— OF. pousser, 
poulser ; Lat. pulsar e, frequent, oipellere. 

Pot, sb. a vessel for cooking or drinking 
from, SkD. Comb. : pot-parlamemt, a 
talk over one's cups, S3 ; pot-sherd, pot- 
sherd, S3 ; pot-styk, pot-stick, motarium, 
Voc. ; pot-stykke, tnotorium, Voc. ; pot- 
stick, S3. 

Potte, pi. s. put, S2 ; see Patten. 

Ponderen, v. to powder, SkD ; pouL- 
deren, S3 ; pulderlt, //., S3. — OY.poud- 
rer, poldrer ; Lat. puluerare. 

Pondre, sb. powder, C3, W ; ponder, 
PP ; poudir, W ; poulder, HD ; pulder, 
S3. Comb. : pondre marcnaunt, flavouring 
powder, C. — AF. pondre, puldre, OF. 
*pulre ; Lat. puluerem, dust. 

Povn, sb. peacock, S3. — OF. poun,paon\ 
Lat. pauonem; see BH (Introd., 27). Cf 

Pound, sb. pound, PP; punde, dat., S; 
pownd, //., S2. Comb.: pound-xnele, by 
pounds at a time, PP, S2 ; pound-xnel, P. 
— AS. pund ; Lat. pondus, a weight. 

Pound, sb. an enclosure, pound, pond, 
S2 ; pond, SkD ; ponde, Prompt. ; poonde, 
Cath. Comb. : pondfolde, a pound, pin- 



fold, PP; ponndfalde, PP; ponfolde, 
PP. — AS. pund, an enclosure (Schmid). 

Ponren, v. to pore, gaze steadily, C3"; 
pore, CM ; powre, C ; pure, S ; pirlth, 
pr. s., PP. 

P0U8 9 sb. pulse, PP, CM ; ponoe, S2 ; 
powoe, Prompt. — OF. pouls, polz ; Lat. 
pulsum (ace). 

Ponste, sb. power, P, B, HD, H (77. 
65) ; porte, HD ; potestat, W ; ponstees, 
//., violent attacks, PP ; potestatis, 
powers, W. — AF. pouste,poeste, OF. podeste ; 
Lat. potestatem. 

Pont, v. to poke, to stir with a long 
instrument, JD. Comb. : pout-staff, a net 
fastened to two poles, used for poking the 
banks of rivers, JD, S3. 

Foneraill (Poveraill), sb. the poor 
people, B ; pnrraile, PP ; poraille, PP, 
C; porails,^/., W2.— AF. poverail. 

Ponerte 1 Poverte),^. poverty, mean- 
ness, shabbiness, PP, C2, WA ; powerte, 
B ; ponert, WA, PP, S2, S3, C3, W, W2. 
— OF. poverty ; Late Lat. paupertam ; see 
Constans (Supplement, p. 32). 

Fonre (Povre), adj. poor, S, PP, S2, 
C2 ; ponere, PP, S2 ; pouer, S2 ; pore, 
S, S2 ; pure, S2, S3; pouerore, comp., 
S2; pourest, super!., C2 ; poure, adv., 
C2. — OF. povre ; Lat. pauper em. 

Ponreliche (Povreliche), adv. 

poorly, C2 ; ponrely, C. 

Poynt, sb. point, a small portion, a bit, 
S2 ; poynte, Prompt. Phr. : at tne 
poynt, conveniently placed, S2 ; in point, 
at the point, about to,S2. — OF. point; Lat. 
punctum. Comb. : point-deuys, at point- 
deuys, with the greatest exactness, in 
detail, minutely, CM, C2 ; point-device, 
HD.— OF. point ; Lat. punctum. 

Foyntil, sb. a style to write with, W, 
W2 ; poyntyle, Voc. — OF . pointille. 

Poys, sb. weight, S3 ; see Peis. 

Frane, sb. prawn, Prompt., Manip., 
Palsg., ND ; praune, SkD ; pranys, pi., 
S3. — OF. *parne, *perne\ Lat. perna, a 
ham ; cp. It. perna, a nakre fish (Florio). 
For the changes in meaning, cp. It. gam- 
barelli, prawns (Florio), from gamba, a leg. 

Pranglen, v. to press ; prangled, S.— 
Cp Du. prangen ; Goth, praggan, to press. 

Prank, adj. full of sensational tricks ; 
pr anker, comp., ND. 

Pranken, v. to arrange the folds of a 
dress, SkD, Prompt., Palsg., HD; pranoke, 
ND ; pranke, to frisk about, Manip. 



Franker, sb. one who dresses gaily, 

Prankie, adj. fine, gorgeous, S3. 

Praty, adj. pretty, elegantulus, Prompt. ; 
prestans, Cath. ; pretie, scitus, facetus, 
Manip. ; prately, adv., CM.— Cp. Late 
Lat. practicus, ' peritus ' (Ducange). 

Prayabill, adj. to be entreated, H. 

Frayen, v. to pray, PP ; see Freyen. 

Prechen, v. to preach, C2. — OF. 
precher (prescher) ; Lat. praedicare. 

Prechonr, sb. preachers, PP; prech- 
©ures, //., PP, S3.— OF. preche'6r\ Lat. 

Predicament, sb. in logic, one of the 
most general classes into which things can 
be distributed ; predicament**, pi., S3.— 
Schol. Lat. praedicamentum. 

Pre68, sb. ; see Fresse. 

Preie, sb. prey, S ; pray, Prompt., PP ; 
prayes, //., spoils, Sa.— OF. preie (mod. 
proie) ; Late Lat. preda ; Lat praeda) ; cp. 
AF. praie. 

Prente, sb. print, impression, SkD; 
prent, S3 ; preynt, Prompt. ; prynte, 
PP, W.— OF. preint, pp. of preindre; Lat. 
premere, to press. 

Prenten, v. to print, impress, CM ; 
preentyn, Prompt. 

Prentis, sb. apprentice, Sa, P; pren- 
tyoe, Prompt.; prentys, PP ; //., PP; 
prentises, PP. See Aprentls. 

Prentishode, sb. apprenticeship, PP. 

Fresse, sb. a press, throng, SkD, PP ; 
pres, CM, Ca ; prees, CM, Sa, Ca, C3 ; 
prease, Cotg., S3; preace, S3. — AF. 
presse, a throng. 

FreSSOnr, sb. press for cloth, S2, PP ; 
winepress, W ; pressoure, pressorium, 
Cath. ; presour, W; pressours,//., Wa. 
— OF. pressoir ; Lat. pressorium. 

Frest, adj. ready, quick, G, Sa, S3; 
adv., PP, S3 ; presteste, super!., Sa ; 
prestest, P ; prestliche, adv., readily, 
PP ; prestly, PP ; prestely, Sa.— AF. 
prest ; Late Lat. praestum (Ducange). 

Frest, sb. priest, S,PP, Sa, C2 ; pree«t, 
PP ; preeste, Prompt.; preostes,//., Sa ; 
prestes, Sa ; prustes, Sa. — AS. priost ; 
Church Lat. presbyter (Vulg.) ; Gr. irpeafiv- 
T€pos> elder (LXX). 

Freste, adj. super/, (for pret-ste), proud- 
est, highest, Sa ; see Frond. 

Fresthod, sb. presthood, PP ; preest- 
nood, Prompt. 


Freuen, v. to prove, try, test, abide a 
test, Ca, C3 ; see Frouen. 

Frevy, adj. privy, secret, S3 ; see Fryoe. 

Freyen, v. to pray, C2, PP, Prompt. ; 
preien, PP, S, S2 ; preitn, pr. s., Sa ; 
precede, //. s., PP; preide, S, PP; 
preyd, Sa ; y-prayed, //., Sa, Ca. — AF. 
preier (prater) ; Late Lat. preeare (Lat. 

Preyere, sb. prayer, Prompt., Sa, Ca ; 
preiere, PP. — AF. preiere : It. pregaria ; 
Church Lat. precaria. 

Fricasonr, sb. a hard rider, C, CM. 

Price, sb. high esteem, Sa ; see Frys, 

Pricket, sb. a buck ; see Fryket. 

Primate, sb. the first place, H. — Lat 
primaius (Vulg.). 

Frimordyall, sb. origin, S3. — OF. 
primordial-, Church Lat. primordialem 

Frim-se^nen, v. to give the prima 
signatio, to sign with the cross, an act pre- 
liminary to christening ; prinun-seHneast, 
a pr. s., S ; y-primislned, //., Sa.— OF. 
primseigner (Ducange); cp.Icel.primsigna. 

Frincipatns, powers, dominions, 
rulers, W. — Lat. principatus (Vulg.). 

Frisun, sb, prison, S. — AF. prisun ; 
Lat. prensionem, prehensionem, a taking, a 
capture. Cf. Fry son. 

Prisun, sb. a prisoner;, pi., 
S ; prysouns, PP ; prysuns, H ; prisons, 
Sa ; prisonnes, P ; presons, WA. — AF. 
prisoun, OF. prison ; see Constans. 

Prisoner , sb. gaoler, keeper of a prison, 

Froces, sb. narrative, history, Ca, HD, 
W A. — OF. prods ; Lat. proeessum. 

Froche, v. to approach; proonlnffe, 
pr. p, S3.— OF. procher (in approeher)', 
Late Lat. propiare. 

PrOCUratour, sb. proctor, agent, PP ; 
procnratoure, steward, W ; proketowre, 
Prompt. — AF. procuratour ; Lat. procura- 
torem (Vulg.). 

Profyte, sb. profit, Prompt. ; prophets, 
VP.—AF.projit; L&t. prof ectum. 

Proryten, v. to profit, Prompt. ; pro- 
ntide, //. s., grew, W ; prophitide,//., Sa. 

Froheme, ^- a proem, prologue, Ca. — 
OF. proeme ; L&t. proemium ; Gr. wpooifuov. 

Proinen, v. to prune, preen, trim, 
adorn, SkD, HD, ND; proline, HD ; 
prune, CM, SkD ; proynd,^., S3.— OF. 
progner, also provigner, to propagate by 


taking cuttings (Cotg.), ; from OF. provin, 
a sucker (Cotg.), also provain ; Lat pro- 

Froiner, sb. pruner, ND. 

Frollen, v. to search about, prowl, C3, 
Prompt, Palsg. ; pronle, Manip. 

Froxuissionn, sb. promise. Phr. : the 
loud of promyssiouu (or of beneste), the 
Holy Land, S2. — Lat. promissionem ; cp. 
terra repromissionis (Heb. 1 1 . 9, Vulg.). 

Fromyt, v. to promise, S3, JD.— Lat. 
promittere ; cp. OF. prometre. 

Propre, adj. separate, distinct, PP, Ca ; 
fine, goodly, PP, C3 ; proper, Sa.— AF. 
propre, fit ; Lat proprium. 

Fropreliche, adv. properly, suitably, 

Proprete, sb. property, peculiarity, 
SkD ; propirte, PP ; propertes, //., Sa, 
WA ; propurtes, PP.— OF. propriety a 
property (Cotg.) ; Lat. proprietatem. 

Frospectyues, sb. pi. perspective 
glasses, Ca. Comb. : prospective glass, 
telescope, Ca (w).— OF. prospective, * the 
prospective, perspective or Optick art' 

Proud, adj. proud, PP, W A ; prowd, 
PP ; prout, PP, Sa ; prad, S ; prut, S ; 
prate, pi., S ; prude, S ; presto (pret- 
ste), super /., Sa. — AS. priit; cp. Icel. 

PrOU6 9 sb. proof, S3 ; preue, CM, Ca ; 
preef, C3 ; prief, S3. — OF. preuve ; Late 
Lat. proba ; from Lat. probare. 

ProneXL, v. to prove, try, test, PP, S ; 
preouen, Sa, PP ; preuen, PP, Ca, C3; 
prof,, 1, Sa ; preuede,//. s. f Sa ; 
proued, //., Sa ; preued, //., S3.— OF. 
prover (prouver) ; Lat. probare. 

FrOTLOnde, sb. food, Manip.; prou- 
eudre, food, PP ; a prebend, ecclesiastical 
benefice, PP, CM. — OF. provende {proven- 
dre) ; Church Lat. praebenda, a ration, al- 
lowance, see BH (Introd. § 40). 

Fronendre, sb. a prebendary, SkD.— 
OF. provendier. 

Fronendren, v. to provide with pre- 
bends, P. 

Fronendreres, sb. pi. men who hold 
prebends, Sa, PP. 

Fronisonrs, sb. pi. men named by the 
pope to a living not vacant, Sa, PP. — 
Church Lat. provisores (Ducange). 

Prow, sb. profit, advantage, C, C3, G, 



H, PP, HD; prou, H.— OF. prou, pru, 
advantage (Bartsch). 

Frowesse, sb. prowess, Sa ; pruesse, 
S. — AF. pruesse, OF. proeee. 

Frustes, sb. pi. priests, Sa ; see Frest. 

Prut, adj. proud, S ; see Proud. 

Pryde, sb. pride, PP ; prute, S2 ; 
prude, PP, S, Sa ; pruyde, P ; pruide, 
PP, Sa ; pride, Sa (p. 74).— AS. pryte. 
See Proud. 

Prydeles, adj. void of pride, Ca. 

Pryen, v. to pry, PP, C3 ; prion, PP ; 
pry, Cath. ; prie, 1 pr. s. t Palsg. 

Pryk, sb. a sting, Prompt. ; prik, point, 

Pryket, sb. a young buck, capriolus, 
Prompt.; pricket, a buck in his second 
year (named from his pricking horns), S3, 
HD, Cotg. (s. v. dagard). 

Prykie, v. to prick, goad, spur, ride 
fast, PP ; prlkkeu, Ca, Prompt. ; pryghte, 
//. s. f Ca. 

Prykiere, sb. rider, horseman, PP. 

Prykke, sb. a broach, Prompt. ; prikke, 
puncture, sting, C, Ca. 

Pryklyng,/r./. urging, S3. 

Pryme, sb. the period from six o'clock 
to 9 a.m., also 9 a.m., Prompt, S, PP, Ca, 
C3 ; prime, S, S3/WA. Phr. : hei; prime, 
high prime, 9 a.m., PP. Comb. : prime- 
tide, prime, S. — Church Lat. prima. 

Frymer, sb. primer, Ca. 

Fryns, sb. prince, PP ; pryuoe, Prompt. 
— AF. prince ; Lat. principem. 

Frynshode, sb. princely dignity, W ; 
priusAod, W. 

F r y l it e, sb. print, W ; see Prente. 

PryS, sb. price, prize, value, excellence, 
high esteem, C, Ca, PP ; pris, S, Sa, PP ; 
price, WA, Sa ; pryoe, Prompt — AF. pris ; 
Lat. prHium, see BH, § 3a. 

Frys, adj. prize, chief, PP; pris, Sa ; 
Prtjs, S3. 

Prysen, v. to set a price, Prompt. ; 
priss, to prize, Sa. 

Fryson, v. to put in prison, Prompt. ; 
y-prisoued, pp., G. See Prisuu. 

PrySOnere, sb. prisoner, captive, 
Prompt. ; prisouere, PP. — OF. prisonier, 
AF. prisuner. 

Fryne, adj. secret, intimate, PP, Sa ; 
priuee, Ca, C3 ; priuei, Sa ; prevy, S3 ; 
priuee, adv., Ca; priues, sb. pi., secret 
friends, P ; prlueliehe, adv., secretly, Sa, 




PP; prlnely, Ca ; prynely, Ca.— AF. 
prive\ Lat. priuatum. 

Prynen, v. to deprive, Prompt. ; prife, 
H ; prynyd, //. s., H.— OF. priver-, Lat. 

Prynete, sb. privity, secret counsel, 
PP ; prinitee, Sa, C2, C3 ; prynyte, S2. 
— AF. privete. 

Fsalme, sb. psalm, H, PP ; see Salm. 

Fsantere, sb. psalter, H (p. 3) ; see 

Fublisshen, v. to make public, PP, 
Ca ; pnplische, W (Mt. 1. 19) ; pnp- 
plische, Sa ; publico, imp. s., PP. — A 
form due to analogy from OF. publier ; Lat. 

Fucelle, sb. a girl, maiden; pncell, 
S3. — OF. pucelle, pulcelle; dimin. from 
Lat. pullus, the young of any animal ; cp. 
OF. polle, maiden (Bartsch). Cp. Pnlte, 

Fnkken, v. to poke, push, incite, P; 
putted, //. s., P. 

Flllched, pp. polished, S3 ; see Pol- 

Pnlte, sb. pullet, Prompt. ; poletes, 
pi., Sa, PP.— OF. polete; dim. of pole, 
polle ; Lat. pulla. Cf. Pneelle, Polcat. 

Fnlten, v. to push, beat, strike, put, 
PP, Sa ; pelte, PP ; pilte, PP, SkD (s. v. 
pelt) ; pnlte, //. s., PP ; pnlt, PP, Sa ; 
pelte, S ; pelt, PP ; i-pilt, //., G; pUt, 
S, SkD. 

Falter, sb. poulterer, Cath.— AF. pole- 
ter, pulleter. 

Foltrie, sb. poultry, S3, C, Prompt. ; 
pnltery, name of a London street, the 
Poultry, S3.— AF. pultrie, poletrie. 

Funde, sb. dat. pound; see Pound (1). 

Fuple, sb. people, PP, Prompt., Wa ; 
pnpel, Sa ; poeple, PP ; pnplia,//., Wa. 
—OF. peuple, poeple (AF. people) ; Lat. po- 

For, adj. pure, thorough, complete, Sa, 
PP ; pnre, PP, S3, C ; pnir, PP ; pnlre, 
PP ; pnr, adv., completely, Sa ; pnre, 
merely, very, S3 ; pnrlycAe, adv., purely, 
completely, S3. — OF. pur; Lat. purum. 

Furchacen, v. to acquire, purchase, 
PP ; purchases, C3.— AF. purchaser, to 
pursue, to acquire ; OF '. porchacier. 

Forchas, sb. gain, winnings, C, G; 
porchas, Sa. — AF. purchas. 

Fnrchasour, sb. prosecutor, C— AF. 


Fnrchasyng, sb. prosecution, C. 

Pnrfil, sb. the furred trimming of a dress, 
P ; pnrryle, P ; pnrfle, a hem, Manip. 

FnrfLlen, v. to embroider on an edge, 
to purl, C, P ; pnrfle, Cotg.— OF. pour- 
filer, from filer, to tswist threads, from JU, 
thread; La,t.filum. 

Fnrpre, sb. purple garments, S, PP; 
pnrpire, H (44. 11) ; pnrponr, adj., S3 ; 
pnrpnr, W ; pnrpres, //., purple cover- 
ings, S. — AF. purpre ; Lat purpura. 

Furpnrat, adj. of a purple colour, S3. 
— Lat. purpuratus, clad in purple. 

Farpuresse, sb. a seller of purple ( = 
purpurarid), W. 

Fnrse, sb. purse, bag, PP, S, C3 ; pur» r 
PP, Ca, C; porse, PP; pow, Sa.— AS. 
purs (Engl. Studien, xi. 65, 1. 36); Late Lat 
bursa ; Gr. Pvpcrrj, a skin. 

Fnrtenaniice, sb. appurtenance, be- 
longings, PP; pnrtenanoe, the intestines 
of an animal, WW ; portenannee, Palsg. ; 
pnrtenaneis, //., S3. — OF. appartenance 

Fnrtreied, //. pourtrayed, S3; see 

Furveonr, sb. purveyor, PP, SkD. — 
AF. purveour. 

Furveyaunce, sb. providence, pro- 
vision, plan, means of getting, equipment, 
W ; pnrveiance, Sa, C3 ; pnrneanoe, Sa. 
— AF. purveaunce, OF. porveance ; Lat 

Furaeyen, v. to provide, Wa, Ca, PP; 
pnrnay, Sa, H ; pomayen, H ; por- 
neynde pr. p., Sa ; pnrneld, //., S3 ; 
ponrreid, Sa ; porneid, Sa. — AF. pur- 
veier, purveer, for OF. porvioir; 

Fufteren, v. to poke about, S (9. 96). 

Fatten, v. to put, push, PP, W; 
pnten, S ; pniten, PP ; pnttide, pt. s., 
Sa ; potte, Sa ; pot, pi., Sa ; pntten to, 
added, assented, W ; pnt, //., H ; y-pnt, 
C3 ; i-pnt, G. 

Futtynge, sb. pushing, instigation, H. 

Fuyssant, adj. powerful, SkD ; puis- 
sant, S3.— OF. puissant, poissant ; Late 
Lat. *pocsentem, *possentem (cp. It pos- 
settle), from Lat. posse, to be able; see 
Constans (Notes, p. 23). 

Fuyssaunce, sb. might, power, HD ; 
pnysannce, S3 ; piseenoe, S3. — OF. 
tuissance, toissance. 


Fykare, sb. a little thief, Prompt ; pyk- 

Fyke, sb. a pike, pointed pole, staff fur- 
nished with a spike, Prompt. ; pyk, Sa ; 
pykls, //., thorns, prickles, S3. Comb. : 
pyk-ataf, pike-staff, PP. 

Pyken, v. to pick, to steal, PP, Prompt. ; 
P*eke, WW ; pykkand, pr. p., S3 ; pikid, 
pt. s. , PP. Comb. : pyke-nerneis, plunderers 
of armour, PP ; pyke-hernois, PP ; pyke- 
porse, one who steals a purse, PP ; pieke- 
pux»e, S3 ; pick-purse, a name for Paris, 
^3 (p. 374) ; pike-purs, C. Cf. Pioonen. 

Pykeya, sb. a mattock, tool for digging, 
Prompt ; pykoys, P ; pyoows, Voc — OF. 
picois (Ducange). 

Pylch.6, sb. a furred garment, Voc, HD, 
Prompt ; pilch* , S3, HD, ND. Comb. : 
pilche clnt, a pilch-clout, rag of a pilch, 
S. — AS. pylce ; Lat pellicia, made of fur 

Fylgrim, sb. pilgrim, PP; pilegrym, 
S ; pelegrim, SkD ; pylgrymes, //., PP. 
— Ptoy. pcllegrins\ Lat. percgrinus; cp. 
OF. pelerin. See Peregrin. 

Fylgrimage, sb. pilgrimage, PP ; pel- 
rinutffe, S. — AF. pilrymage ; OF. pele- 

Fyment, sb. spiced wine and honey, 
Cfcf,Voc; piment, nectar t Voc. f HD; py- 
mente, Prompt. — OF. piment, pigment 
(Bartsch) ; Late Lat. pigmentum (Ducange). 

Pynden, v. to shut in the pound, Cath.; 
punt, pr. s., S. — AS. pyndan (in for-pyn- 
dan) ; cp. Icel. pynda. See Pound. 

Fynder, sb. a pindar, pinner, one who 



impounds stray cattle, Cath., Bardsley; 
pyndare, Prompt. ; pinder, ND ; pynner, 
Manip., Bardsley; pinner, Bardsley. 

Pyne, sb. anguish, torment, S, S3, Ca, 
C3 ; P7», Sa ; pines, //:, S, Sa ; pynes, 
Sa ; pine, S ; pinen, S ; pynen, Sa. — AS. 
pin ; Late lit pena> see Sievers, 69. Cf. 

PyneiLy v. to torment, Sa ; pinen, S ; 
pyns, pr. s., Sa ; pinede, pt. s. f suffered, 
PP ; pynede, Sa ; pined, pp., S ; tormented, 
Sa ; y-pyned, Sa ; i-pined, S. — AS. pinion 

Pyning, sb. torture ; pining;, S. Comb. : 
pynyng-stoles, stools of punishment, cuck- 
ing-stools, PP, Sa. — AS. pinung. 

Pynne, sb. pin, peg, bolt, bar, PP ; pyn, 
G.— AS. pinn, pin, peg (BT). 

Fynnen, v. to shut up, enclose, pen, 
PP ; pinnen, PP, Sa ; pennen, SkD.— AS. 
pennan (in on-pennan). 

Pynonn, sb. a pennon, C ; see Penonn. 

Pyony, sb. peony, Prompt.; pyon, 
Cath.; pyany, Prompt. ; piones,//., seeds 
of the peony, P ; pyonies, PP.— OF. pione, 
pion (Cotg.) ; Lat p(a)eonia ; Gr. vcuajvia, 
the peony. 

Pyry, sb. storm of wind, gust, Prompt. ; 
pyrie, S3 (p. 437) ; pirie, HD, Prompt. 
(») ; pyrry, Palsg., ND : pirrie, S3, ND ; 
perrie, Prompt. («), ND ; berrle, Cotg. 
(s.v. tourbillon) ; berry, Florio (s. v. crdscta 
d'dcque), HD. 

Pyt, sb. pit, pool, Prompt. ; put, S, PP ; 
pit, S ; pytte, Prompt. ; pntte, S, PP, Sa ; 
pette, Sa.— AS.pytt; Late Lat. *putius; 
Lat. put cus. 


Quad, adj. and sb. evil, bad, the Evil 
One, MD, Ca ; que*, MD, PP; owed, MD; 
qnet, MD ; kueade, dot., Sa ; queade, Sa ; 
quede, Sa. — AS. cwcad; cf. Du. kwaad. 

Quad, pt. s. quoth, S ; see Quetien. 

Qoaile, v. to wither, to die, S3 (a8a. 91), 
SkD, ND, Sh. ; to overpower, intimidate, 
ND, SkD, Sh. 

Quain, sb. trouble, mourning, Sa. — AS. 
*hwdn (see below). 

Qnainen, v. to lament, MD (s. v. 
hwenen) ; wnene, MD. — AS. hwdnan (in 
dhw<knan, BT). 

Qnair, sb. quire, book, S3; quayre, 
Manip., CM ; quayer, Voc. — OF. quayer 
(F. cahier), Prov. cazem for cadem: It 
quaderno ; Lat. quaternum ; cp. Late Lat. 
quaternio, a sheet folded in four (Voc). 
See Quartern. 

Qnaken, v. to quake, tremble, Sa ; 
ewakien, S ; quakede, pt. s. t PP, MD ; 
quok (strong form), PP; quook, Ca, SkD; 
quoke, S2, H. — AS. cwacian. 

Quakynge, sb. trembling, Prompt, 
MD ; quakyng;, W. — AS. cwacung. 

Qual, sb. whale, MD, Cath. (») ; qwal, 
N 2 



Prompt ; qwaylle,Cath.; quale, Sa ; whal, 
W2 ; uwel, MD ; quelle, //., Sa, Cath, 
(n) ; quhalis, S3, Cath. (»).— AS. hwal. 

Qualm, sb. death, pestilence, Sa, H; 
owalm, MD ; qualme, dot., C. — AS. 
cwealm. See Queleu. 

Qnarel, sb. a square-headed cross-bow 
bolt, quarrel, WA, SkD; quarelle, Sa; 
quarrel, WA, ND. — AF. quarel, cross-bow 
bolt; Late Lat quadrellum (ace), a 
quarrel, a square tile, diuiin. of Lat. quad- 
rus, square. 

Qnarere, sb. quarry, Prompt.; quaeres, 
pU Sa.— OF. quarriere (Cotg.) ; Late Lat. 
quadraria, quarry, deriv. from quadrus. 
See above. 

Quartern, sb. prison ; ewarteme,^z/., 
Ml); quarterue, S, MD. — AS. cwear- 
tern, prison, perhaps for AS. quatern, 
'quaternio' (OET). Cp. Fr. caserne (Sp. 
casernd), barracks ; Lat. quaterna (see Bra- 
chet) ; an etym. illustrated by the Fr. sea- 
term casemet, log-book, a deriv. of Lat. 
quaternum, see Diez, p. 755 (s. v. cahier). — 
See Quair. 

Quarteroun, sb. a quarter, P, HD ; 
quartruu, PP. 

Qnat, Qua8, //. s. quoth, S ; see Quett- 

Quatriuials, sb. pi. the quadrivials, the 
quadrivium, the four higher sciences : astro- 
logy, geometry, arithmetic, music, S3 (14. 
511). — From Late Lat. quadrivium, the 
four mathematical sciences ; in Lat. a place 
where four ways meet. 

Quave-mire, sb. quagmire, HD ; qua- 
inter, DG. 

Quauen, v. to shake, Sa, PP, Prompt. ; 
quave, HD, JD, DG. 

Qnauynge, sb. shaking, MD. 

Quayle, v. to curdle, to coagulate, 
Palsg., Prompt., Manip. — OF. coailler; 
Lat. coagulare. 

Quaynt, adj. prudent, wise, H ; quaynte, 
quaint, curious, WA ; see Coint. 

Qnayntis, sb. wisdom, prudence, H ; 
see Colntise. 

Quayre, sb. quire, book, CM f see Quair. 

Queade, sb. evil, iniquity, Sa ; see 

Queale, sb. a blister, pimple, pupula, 
Manip.; seeWhele. 

Quecchen, v. to shake, MD; qvyc- 
chyu, Prompt. ; quytohe, Palsg. ; quitch, 
Cotg. (s.v. oeil); ewehte, //. x., MD; 
quehte, MD. — AS. cwcccan. 


Qued, adj. bad, Sa, PP; see Quad. 

Quedschipe, sb. wickedness, MD ; 
queadeoliipe, S ; eweadeeliipe, S. 

Queere,^- quire, choir, Prompt.; queer, 
Wa ; quere, Wa ; queir, S3. — OF. choeur 
(Cotg.) ; Lat. chorum (ace.) ; Gr. x°P^' 

Quek, adj. living, Sa ; see Quik. 

Quelen, v. to die, MD ; eweleu, MD. — 
Ab. ewe Ian y pt. cwcel (pi. cwJkhn), pp. 
cwolen. Cp. OHG. quelan, 'cruciaii* 

Quellen, v. to kill, S, Sa, C3, C; 
quelde, //. s., S ; ewelled, pp., S.— AS. 
cwellan ; cp. OHG. quelen, * cruciare ' (Ta- 
tian), quellen (Otfrid). 

Qnellere, sb. executioner, MD. — AS. 

Qneme, adj. pleasing, S, MD ; qweme, 
convenient, W A ; eweme, S ; wheme, MD. 
—AS. (ge)cwime, from c(w)6m, pt. of cu- 
tnan ; cp.OHG. (bt)queman, to come, to, to 
suit, fit (Otfrid) ; see Kluge (s. v. bequem). 
See Comeii. 

Quemeful, adj. placable, Wa. 

Quemen, v. to please, S, H, PP ; owem- 
eu, S ; ewemde, pt. s., S ; i-quemd, pp., 
S ; i-cwemet, S. — AS. cwitnan. 

Qnenchen, v. to quench, S, Prompt, 
S3, SkD ; eweuukeun, S ; queyute,//. s., 
MD, Sa ; queyut, pp., MD, C ; y-kuenet, 
Sa ; queuchid, Wa. — AS. cwencan. 

Qnene, sb. queen, wife, woman, quean, 
S, Ca, C3, WA ; queu, S, C ; cueu, S ; 
kueu, MD ; kweue, S; eweue, MD.— AS. 
cwin ; cp. OHG. quena, wife (Otfrid) ; for 
root see Brugmann, § 467, 3. 

Querel, sb. a complaint, dispute, quarrel, 
Sa, Wa; querele, SkD. — AF. querele; 
Late Lat. *querella, for Lat. querela. 

Querne, sb. hand-mill, Ca, Prompt., 
Palsg., MD ; queerue, W. — AS. cweorn ; 
cp. Goth, kwairnus ; see Brugmann, § 443. 

Querronr, sb. quarry-man, CM. See 

Quest, sb. an inquiry, jury, verdict, G.— 
OF. queste, a quest (Cotg.). Quest is used 
for the proper legal term enquest; OF. 

Queste, sb. will, bequest, G ; quiste, S. 
A corrupt form of Quide (qv.), influenced 
by the above word. 

QueSen. v. to speak, MD ; ewettai, S, 
MD ; ewatt, pt. s., S ; ewetS, S ; quett, S ; 
quatt, S, Sa ; quott, S ; quat, S ; quad, S ; 
quod, S, Sa, Ca ; kota, S3 ; oouth, MD ; 


eoth*,MD; kwat, MD; wat,S; ko, S3 ; 
i-cwede,/^., S. — AS. cweCan, pt. ftt*20 (pi. 
cw<kdoti), pp. ge-cweden. 

Queynt, <*#• prudent, fine, quaint, MD ; 
queynte, S3, C2, MD ; see Ooiat. 

Queynte, pt. s. was extinguished, Sa ; 
see Quencnen. 

Qaeyntelich, adv. skilfully, neatly, 
MD ; qneynteli, S3 ; see Cointeliche. 

QueyntiS6, sb. skill, S3 ; see Cointlse. 

Quid*, sb. speech, bequest, MD ; owide, 
S, MD.— AS. cwidc ; cp. OHG. quiti, l tes- 
timonium ' (Tatian). See Qnetten. 

Qoidities, sb. pi, S3.— From Late Lat. 
quiditas, a term of the Schoolmen ; that 
which relates to the essence of a thing, 
having reference to the question quid est, 
what is it? Cp. OF. quidditatif, 'quiddita- 
tive, doubtful, full of quirks, contentions, 
wrangling * (Cotg.). 

Quik, adj. and adv. living, quick, flowing 
(of water), S, S2, W ; quic, S, Sa ; quek, 
Sa ; quyk, S3, W, Wa ; cwio, S ; ewike, 
S ; ewuce, S ; quick*, S ; qnike, //., S, 
Sa ; quyke, S, C ; qnycke, S3. — AS. cwic 
{cue); cp. OHG. quek (Otfrid). 

QniUe, v. to cause to revive, also, to be 
kindled, PP ; qnike, C3 ; qnyke, C ; cwik- 
len, MD. — AS. cwician. 

Qnlkliclie, adv. quickly, PP; qnic- 
liehe, Sa. 

Quiknen, v. to give life, to receive life, 
SkD ; quykene, W, Wa. 

Qniste, sb. will, bequest, S ; see Qnegte. 



Qniten, v. to repay, PP; see Quytea. 

Quitter,^ filth that runs from a wound, 
HD: quytur, rottenness, HD; qujtere, 
Wa ; quitture, DG. 

Quod,//- s. quoth, S, Sa, Ca ; see Quetiea. 

Qa6k,pt.s. quaked, Ca ; see Qnaken. 

Quoynte, adj. skilful, MD, HD ; see 

Quoynteliche, adv. skilfully, MD; 
see CointeUehe. 

Quoyntyse, sb. quaintness of dress, PP; 
qnointiae, stratagem, Sa ; see Cointlse. 

Qnyk, adj. living, moving, S3, W, Wa ; 
see Qnik. 

Quyk-myre, sb. quagmire, S3. 

Qnyknar, sb. giver of life, S3. 

Quyr-boilly, sb. boiled leather, used 
for making defensive armour, Ca. — OF. 
cuir bouilli (Cotg.). 

Qnyrry, sb. the quarry, the dog's share 
in the slaughtered game, S3 ; quyrre, SkD 
(s.v. quarry, p. 834) ; querre, SkD.— OF. 
cuiree ; Late Lat. coriata, from Lat. corium, 
hide, skin (OF. cuir). 

Qnyten, v. to requite, repay, settle, sa- 
tisfy, Sa, Ca, C3, PP, W, H ; qniten, Sa, 
PP; qnitte,//. j.,'G; qwit,H; qnyt,M, 
PP; y-quit, Ca.— OF. quiter; Late Lat. 
quiet are. 

Quytly, adj. quite, H ; whitely, H. 

Quytter, v. to twitter, S3. 

Quytur, sb. rottenness, HD (p. 660) ; 
see Quitter. 


Ba, sb. roe, deer, CM ; see Boo. 

Babete, sb. a war-horse ; rabett, HD ; 
za*7ffhte, HD ; ratoetia, //., WA.— IceL 
rdbitr % an Arabian steed ; cp. Icel. rdbitar, 
Arabs, see CV ; cp. OF. arrabi (BH). 

Sac, sb. driven vapour, Sa ; see Wrak. 

Rachenteges,//. chains, S; see Bak- 

Backe, v. to stretch rent to its full value, 
S3. Cp. ODu. racken, to rack, recken, to 
stretch, reach out. 

Bad, adj. afraid, Sa, SD, H, JD, B; 
redd, WA ; rade, Sa, H ; radde, Sa.— 
Icel. hrceddr. 

Bad, pt- s. rode, Sa ; see Biden. 

Bad, adj. quick, S ; rade, ready, S ; see 

Badde,//- s. advised, Sa ; see Beden. 

Baddour, sb. violence, WA ; see Bad- 

Bade, sb. road, Sa ; see Bode. 

Badness*, sb. terror, SD ; radnes, B. 

BadyOUS, adj. radiant, shining, S3; 
radious, S3 ; radius, S3. — Lat radiosus ; 
cp. F. radieux. See Bar. 

Bad, sb. advice, counsel, S ; see Bede. 

Bah, adj. fierce, cruel, SD, S ; reh, SD. 
—AS. hrtoh. 

Baueden, pt. pi. spoiled, S; see 

BaBU6*68, sb. pi. robbers, S; see 

Bafte, pt. s. reft, robbed, Ca ; see 



Rage, sb. madness, Sa. — AF. rage ; Lat. 

Rag6, v. to toy wantonly, C ; ragid, 
pp., been wanton, WA. 

Ragerie, sb. wantonness, CM. 

Raght,//. reached, S2 ; see Beenen. 

Ragman, sb. a craven, the devil ; rage- 
man, PP ; ratfgeman, PP. — Icel. ragr (for 
argr); craven, cowardly. 

Ragman-roll, sb. the craven's roll, a 
term in Scottish history, JD, ND ; a game, 
HD ; ragman's re we, a long jest, DG ; 
ragmanrew, series, Manip. Hence rag- 
man, a deed sealed, a papal bull, PP ; 
ragemon, S2 ; rageman, a list, S3 ; rag- 
man, a tedious story, JD ; ragment, JD. 
— Cp. E. rigmarole. 

Rair, v. to roar, S3 ; see Boren. 

Raiss,//. s. rose, Sa ; see Bysen. 

Rake,^. only in compounds, as in erend- 
rake, messenger, SD. — AS. <krend-raca ; cp. 
Icel. eyrend-reki, so land-reki, a king, see 
CV (s. v. reki). See JErnd-race. 

Rake, v. to run, wander, go, S, S3, HD, 
PP, JD, B ; rayke, H, Sa ; raik, WA, JD ; 
reyke, JD ; reke, HD ; raykande, pr. p., 
Sa. — Icel. reika, to wander, cp. Swed. raka, 
to run hastily (Rietz). 

Rake, sb. course, way, WA; rakke, 

Rakel, adj. hasty, rash, CM, SkD (s. v. 
rake) ; rakle, CM ; racle, CM ; rackel, 
JD ; rakyl, Manip. ; rakehell, a bad fel- 
low, Manip., ND. — Icel. reikull, wandering, 
unsettled. See above. 

Raken, v. to scrape, diminish, to rake, 
S, Prompt. ; raked,//., Ca. — Icel. raka, to 
scrape, to rake away. 

Raken-teie, sb. chain ; raketeie, S ; 
raketeye, S ; raehenteges, //., S ; raken- 
teis, HD. — AS. raeentiah (Voc.) ; racente, 
a chain + tiah, a tye. With racente, cp. 
Icel. rekendr, OHG. rahhinza. See Bek- 

Ram, sb. a ram, Prompt. — AS. ram 

Ramage, adj. wild, CM. HD.— OF. ra- 
mage, wild (of a hawk), living in the 
branches (Cotg.) ; Late Lat *ramaticum, 
from ramus, a branch. 

Rammish, adj. strong-scented, C3, CM. 

Ramne. sb. bramble, Wa ; ramyn, H ; 
rammyn, H.— Lat. rhamnus (Vulg.) : Gr. 
fidpvos (LXX). 


Rampe, sb. an ill-conditioned woman, 
Ca (»), HD. 

Rampen, v. to ramp, to seize or scratch 
with the paws, to rage, Ca ; ranmpe, Sa ; 
rawmpide, pt. s., HD.— AF. raumper, OF. 
ramper, to clamber. 

Rande, sb. a strip or slice of meat, S3, 
HD ; rand, Cotg. (s. v. giste), ND.— AS. 
rand, a rim, edge ; cp. Swed. rand, a strip, 
stripe, Icel. rond(p\. randir). 

Randonn, sb. force, impetuosity, SkD. 
Phr. : In a randonn, in a furious course, 
B; at randon, left to one's own force, 
SkD. — OF. randon, ' the swiftness and force 
of a strong and violent stream* (Cotg.); 
from OTeut. *randa, a rim ; cp. AS. rand. 
See above. 

Ranke, adj. strong, luxuriant, rebellious, 
W A, Prompt. ; rank, S3 ; ronk, Sa ; rang, 
HD. — AS. ranc ; cp. Icel. rakkr (for 
rankr), straight, upright, bold. 

Ransaken, v. to search, S, PP, C, H. — 
Icel. rannsaka, to search a house ; Icel. 
rann : Goth, razn ; cp. AS. rasn f a plank, 
a beam, see Sievers, 1 79. 

Rap, sb. rope, S ; see Bope. 

Rap, pt. s. reaped, W ; see Bepen. 

Rape* sb. haste, S, PP, Prompt. ; rap, 
Sa.— Icel. hrap, a falling down. 

Rape, adj. hasty, G ; rape«t, super?., 

Rapeliche, adv. hastily, PP; rapely, 
G ; rapelike, S ; rapli, Sa, G ; rapelier, 
comp., PP. 

Rapen, v. to hasten, S, PP, Prompt ; 
rappe, PP; rappe adonne, to hurry 
along, PP. Phr. : rape and renne, to seize 
and plunder, C3; rapen and rinen, C3 
(n) ; rap and rend, HD ; rap or rende, 
Palsg. ; rap and run, HD ; rap and ran, 
C3 (n) ; rap and reeve, C3 (n) ; rap and 
ree, C3 (n). — Icel. hrapa, to fall, rush 
headlong, hurry. 

Rascall, sb. scrapings, refuse ; raseaile, 
PP ; rascayle, an animal not a beast of the 
chase, a hart not six years old, Prompt 
(») ; the common people, Prompt ; ra^ 
kallle, the common herd, SkD ; raacall, 
refuse beast, Palsg., ND. ; raseaile*, //., 
common sort of men, low fellows, villains, 
S3. — AF. rascaille {raskaylle, raskayle), a 
rabble ; cp. F. racaille ; from OF. rasqucr, 
to scrape (Ducange) ; cp. Olt. rascart 

Rascall, adj. common, low, flD ; 


Comb. : raaoall wine, tortivum zrinum, 
Prompt. (*). 

Base, v. to run, to race, SD, Sa ; rese, 
S2 ; roywed,//. ridden, C. — AS. risan. 

Base, sb. a race, rush, SkD ; raa, SkD, 
S2 ; rese, S2 ; res, SD, G (») ; rees, at- 
tack, fit of passion, G. — AS. ris. 

Rasen, v. to scrape, Prompt — OF. 
raser; Late Lat. rasare, freq. of Lat 

Basour, sb. razor, Ca, C, Wa ; rasnre, 
H (Ps. 51. 2). — OF. rasoir; Late Lat. ra- 

Baspen, v. to rasp, scrape, SkD ; romp- 
en, S. — OF. rasper ; OHG. raspon, see 

Basse, J& a raised mound or eminence, 
a cairn of stones, S2 ; raise, HD. See 

Sat, pr. s. reads, PP ; see Bedeii. 

Bab,f£. advice, S, SD.— Icel. rdd. 

Bathe, v. to advise, HD. See above. 

BaSe, adj. quick, swift, SD ; rad, quick, 
S; rade, //., S ; raddere, comp. pi., S. — 
AS. hraHS, hreti, also hrad, hred, quick, also 
rad. Cp. Chron. arm. 755 (Parker) with 
the Laud MS. 

Bathe, adv. early, PP, Sa, S3 ; quickly, 
S, Sa ; rea$e, S ; rath, B ; ratter, comp., 
sooner, rather, PP, S, Sa, Ca ; redper, S ; 
rattest, super/., PP ; rafteste, S. 

Ttathly, adv. quickly, Sa ; reatfllohe, 
S ; readliche, S ; radeliehe, HD; rade- 
ly, Sa ; redllohe, S.— AS. hraWice. 

Baton, sb. rat, PP, Cath. ; ratoun, PP; 
ratones,//., PP. 

Batoner, sb. rat-catcher, PP, Voc. ; rat- 
onere, PP. 

Batte,^. rat, PP; rotte, Voc. ; rattis, 
//., PP.— AS. rat (Voc.). 

Batten, v. to tear, SD.— Cp. MHG. 
raizen, see Weigand (s. v. ralsche). 

Battes, sb. pi. rags, S; rats, pieces, 
shreds, HD. 

Banghte, pt. s. reached, Ca ; see 

Baunson, v. to ransom, redeem, PP. 

Bannsonn, sb. ransom, Sa, C ; raun- 
son, Sa ; raunsun, Sa ; raunoeoun, PP ; 
ransoune, B. — AF. raunson, ranson, OF. 
rainson, reancon ; Lat. redemptionem. 

Baneyn, sb. rapine, prey, W, PP; 
ravyne, S3 ; ravyn, Cath. ; raneyns,//., 
Wa. — AF. ravine 1 Lat. rapina, see BH, § 
15°- i 



Baneynonr, sb. robber; raueinour, 
W; ranynonr, Wa. 

Bavin, adj. ravenous, S3, Sh. 

Bavin, v. to seize and devour greedily, 
Sh., WW. 

Bavined, adj. ravenous, Sh. 

Banischen, v. to seize with violence, 
PP ; ravish, WW ; raueiscne, imp. pi, 
Wa; ravysohlden, //. pi., Wa. — AF. 
ravir (pr. p. ravissant) ; Late Lat. *rapire ; 
Lat. rapere. 

Bawe, sb. row, Cath. ; raw, B, JD, SkD, 
S3, Sa; rowe, SkD; rewe, C, G, W; 
rewis,//., S3. — AS. rdwe, rawe. 

Bay,^. striped cloth, rella, pannus, Voc.; 
stragulum, Voc, Cath., HD; raye, S3; 
xayes, //., Sa. PP. Comb. : ray-doth, 
striped cloth, Wa, Prompt. — AF. drap de 
raye, cloth of ray, pL reies, OF. rai, raid; 
Lat. radium (ace). 

Bayeres, sb. pi sellers of ray, PP. 

Bayid, adj. striped, Prompt. 

Baykei, pr. s. roams, Sa ; raykande,, advancing, Sa. See Bake. 

Bayl, sb. rail, Prompt. ; raylle, Cath. — 
Cp. Low G. regel, G. riegel, a bolt; see 

Bayle, v. to rail, arrange in a row, Sa ; 
railed, #., Sa. 

Bayle, sb. a kerchief, Palsg.; see 

Baylle, v. to flow, S3; ralle, ND; 
reilen, SD. 

Baymen, v. to roam about, Sa; see 

Baynes, *£• fine linen of Rheims, WA. — 
So named from Rheims ; see SkD (p. 815); 
cp. It. renso, fine flax (Diez, p. 393). 

Bead, sb. advice, S ; see Bed*. 

Beade, adj. red, S ; see Bead. 

Beaden, v. to advise, care for, S ; see 

Beadi, adj. ready, S ; see Bedi. 

Beal, adj. real, a term in medieval phi- 
losophy; reall, S3.— OF. real', Schol.Lat. 
realem, from res. 

Beal, adj. royal, CM; riall, S3, PP, 
CM ; ryall, S3, CM ; ryell, S3 ; roial, 
CM ; rolaUer, comp., Sa, C3.— OF. real, 
AF. roial, reial; Lat. regalem. 

Bealte, sb. royalty, royal state, PP; 
reaulte, PP ; reante, PP ; rolaltee, C3.— 
AF. realte ; Late Lat. regalitatem. 

Bealycne, adv. royally, Sa ; realy, Sa ; 
rlally, CM. 

1 84 


Beame, sb. kingdom, Sa ; see 

Bearde, sb. voice, cry, Sa ; see Berd. 

BeaVe, adv. quickly, S ; see Bathe. 

BeaSliche, adv. quickly, S; see 

Beanme, sb. realm, kingdom, Ca, Sa ; 
see Bewme. 

Bebekke, sb. a kind of fiddle, SkD ; 
see Bybybe. 

Bebonnden, v. to re-echo ; rebownd- 
en, to sound again, reboare, Prompt ; re- 
boxinde, //. s., Sa. — AF. rebundir, to re- 
echo, cp. OF. bundir, to resound (Roland, 
3119) ; inchoative verb, from Late Lat. 

Heceyt, sb. receipt, recipe, retreat, 
Prompt., Manip. ; reoeit, C3,WW, Manip., 
S3 ; receite, WW ; reset, place of refuge, 
B. — AF. receite ; Late Lat. recepta (Du- 

Heche, sb. smoke, S3 ; see Beke. 

Becheles, adj. careless, S, PP; ree- 
cheles, PP ; retoheles, S3 ; rekkeles, S3 ; 
recohelees, Sa, Ca ; reohlesse, S3. — AS. 
riceUas, also reccelfas. 

Hechelesnesse, sb. carelessness, PP ; 
recchelesnes, PP. 

Bechen, v. to care, reck, S, HD ; reke, 
H ; recehe, S, HD, Sa, Ca ; rekke, HD, 
Ca ; rekb, pr. s., S ; recnes, Sa ; ro;te, 
pt. s., S; ronffhte, Ca ; roght, H ; rohten, 
//., S ; xouoht, pt. s., subj. f Sa. — AS. rtcan : 
OS. rdkian ; also, AS. *reccan. 

Bechen, v. to explain, S ; racehen, to 
relate, S ; rechede, //. s., S. — AS. reccan : 
OS. rekkiam OHG. rachjan, in Otfrid 

Bechen, v. to reach, attain, SkD, PP ; 
ranlite,//.j., PP, Sa ; ran;te, PP ; raffhte, 
PP ; rauffhte, Ca ; raught, S3; raffht, pp., 
Sa. — AS. rtkcan (BT), &hor<kcean> to get into 
one's power, pt. s. rihte, see Sievers, 407. 

Beclayme, v. to bring a hawk to the 
wrist by a call, C3 ; reeleymyn, to make 
tame, Prompt. ; recleymyd, //. redomitus 
(used of hawks), Prompt.— OF. reclaimer, 
recleimer, reclamer ; cp. AF. reclame, pp., 
reclaimed (as a falcon). 

Becles, sb. incense, S ; see Bekels. 

Beclnse, sb. a female anchorite, SkD ; 
1 ankyr, anachorita? Prompt — AF. reclus ; 
recluse, a f. pp. from OF. reclure, to shut 
up ; Late Lat. recludere. 

Beclnse, sb. convent, monastery, S3. — 
OF. recluse 


Beclnsed, pp. shut up, withdrawn from 
the world, PP. 

Becognisance, sb. an obligation bind- 
ing one over to do some particular act, S3, 
SkD. — AF. reconisance, OF. recoignisance. 

Beoomand, v. to commend, Sa, C3 ; 
reooxnaundib, PP. — OF. recommander, re~ 

Beoonforte, v. to comfort, C ; reoon- 
forted, //., P.— OF. reconforter\ cp. AF. 

Becongyle, v. to recover, regain the 
possession of; reconsyled, pp., Sa ; re- 
counselid, W. — AF. reconciler ; Lat recon- 
ciliare, to reconcile, re-establish, restore. 

Becord, sb. witness, S3, WW ; reoorde, 
PP. — AF. record, OF. recort, mention 

Becorde, v. to call to mind, C, PP ; 
recorded, //. pi. declared, PP.— OF. re- 
corder ; Late Lat. recordare ; Lat recordari. 

Beoonre, v. to recover, PP ; reoour, 
HD; recnre, HD; reonred, pp., S3. — 
AF. recoverer; OF. recourer, recouvrer; 
Lat. recuperare. 

Beoonrs, sb. recourse, Ca.— AF. re- 
cours, soleill recours, sunset. 

Beoonerer, sb. restorer, saviour, Sa. 

Becrayed, pp. defeated, PP. See 

Becreannt, adj. recreant, defeated, 
CM, PP ; recreant, PP.— AF. recreaunt, 
OF. recreant, giving up the contest ; Late 
Lat. recredentem. 

Becneil, sb. a collection, compilation, 
DG; reouyeU, S3; reonle, HD.— OF. 
recueil (Cotg.). 

Becnle, v. to recoil, S3, Palsg., SkD, 
ND.— OF. reculer. 

Becnlyng, sb. recoiling, S3. 

Becnre, sb. recovery, S3. 

Becnre, v. to recover, HD; see Be- 

Beddonr, sb. violence, rigour, HD, Tre- 
visa (3. 313) ; raddonr, WA- OF. rador, 
later roideur (Cotg.) ; from rade t roide ; 
Lat. rigidum. 

Bede, adj. red, Ca ; see Seed. 

Bede, adj. ready, WA; redelicne, adv., 
PP; redeli, Sa.— AS. (ge)r<kde; Goth. 

Bede, sb. advice, S, Sa, S3, B ; read, 
S: red, S, Sa, B; reed, Ca ; reld, B; 
node, S; reade, S; rade, S; reades, 4/. 


Bedels, sb. riddle, SkD ; redeles, PP ; 
rydels, Cath. ; rydel, Prompt. ; riddle, 

Bedell, v. to give advice, to take 
counsel, S, Sa, S3, Ca, B; readen, S; 
raden, to succour, S ; raddest, a //. s. % S \ 
radde,//. s., HD, Sa, P ; redden, pi, S ; 
rad, pp., Sa. — AS. {ge)radan, pt ridde, 
pp. ger<kd. 

Seden, v. to read, S, Ca, C3 ; raden, 
S; rat, pr. s., PP; reed, //. s., PP ; 
radden, pi., W ; redden, W ; radde, Sa ; 
rad, Pp.> S, S3, C3 ; red, S3, W. Der.x 
redunge, passage read, S. — AS. (ge)radan. 

-reden, suffix (used to form abstracts). 
—AS. -raden. See hat-reden, SkD ; cun- 
reden, kindred, SkD ; fer-reden, S ; pe- 
tered, S ; nela^-rede, Sa. 

BedgOWnd, sb. a sickness of young chil- 
dren, scrophulus, Prompt. ; reed gounde, 
Palsg. ; radegoundes,//., sores, PP. — ME. 
rede, red + gownde, a sore ; AS. gund. Cp. 
E. red-gum. 

Redi, adj. ready, S, W, PP ; redy, Ca ; 
reddy, B; readi, S; rajdij, SD; redi- 
licne, adv., PP, Sa ; redllj, C3. 

Redliche, adv. quickly, S ; seeBathly. 

Bedontable, adj. to be feared, re- 
doubtable, SkD. 

Bedouten, v. to fear; redoubt, Cotg. 
— AF. reduter, OF. redmter\ Lat. re + 

Bedoutyng, sb. reverence, C. 

Beduce,?. to bring back, S3,ND.— Lat. 

Bedymjrte fd #. wreathed, crowned, S3. 
— Lat. redtmitus, pp. of redimire. 

Seed, sb. advice, Ca ; see Bede. 

Heed, sb. reed, PP, Prompt.; reod, 
PP; rehed, W, Wa ; reheed, Wa ; 
reodes, //., PP ; redes, PP. Comb. : red* 
;erde, a reed-sceptre, S. — AS. kriod. 

Beed, adj. red, Ca, C3, Sa, Wa, PP ; 
rede, Ca, C.*, Sa, PP, B ; reid, S3 ; reade, 
S.— AS. Had. 

Beednesse, sb. redness, C3. 

Bees, sb. fit of passion, G ; see Base. 

Beest, adj. rancid (as flesh), Prompt. ; 
reste, Cath. 

Beestyn, v. to be rancid, Prompt 

Beenell, sb. joy, revelry, PP ; renel, C, 
Ca ; rule, SPD ; reneles, //., revels, Ca. 
— OF. revel, joy (Bartsch). 

Befell, v. to roof in, S.— AS. (jge)hrifan. 
See Bool 



Beflac, sb. robbery, S ; see 3 

Befreisscne, v. to refresh, C; re- 
rresehyn, Prompt. — AF. refreschir. 

Befreyne, sb. the burden of a song, 
literally, a repetition, CM ; refraine, SkD. 
— OF. refrain, from refraindre, to repeat, 
to sing a song (see Constans) ; Lat re + 

Befreynen, v. to bridle, refrenare, W, 
Prompt; refrayne, Manip.; refrain, WW. 
— OF. refrener, to bridle; Lat refrenare 

Befute, sb. refuge, Prompt., Wa; refult, 
Wa; refuyt, CM, HD, Wa ; refut, Sa, 
C3 ; refutt, Wa.— AF. refute ; OF. refuite, 
re+fuite ; L&t. fugita, pp. f. of fugere. 

Begal, adj. as sb. kingly (power), Sa. — 
AF. regal \ Lat regalem. Cf. Beal. 

Begne, sb. rule, a kingdom, Sa, Ca, C3 ; 
rengne, S ; ryngls, //., S3.— AF. regne ; 
Lat. regnum. 

Begnen, v. to reign, Ca, PP ; ring;, 
S3 ; ryngls, pr. pi., S3 ; reygned, //., Sa ; 
rengned, Sa. — AF. regner ; Lat regnare. 

Begrate, v. to retail wares, HD. — OF. 
regrater, to mend, scour, trick up an old 
thing for sale (F. regratter, to bargain) : It. 
rigattdre, to strive for the victory, to re- 
grate, to sell by retail (Florio) ; Sp. regatedr, 
'to huck in buying or selling' (Minsheu). 
Cp. E. regatta ; It. rigdtta, a struggling for 
the mastery (Florio). 

Begratere, sb. retail dealer, PP.— OF. 
regratter ; cp. Low Lat. regratarium (Du- 

Begratorie, sb. selling by retail, PP, 
Sa ; regraterye, PP. — OF. regraterie. 

Begratonr, sb. retail dealer, Sa, PP. — 
AF. regratour. 

Beguerdon, sb. reward, ND ; reguer- 
doun, Sa. — Cp. OF. reguerdonner, to 
guerdon abundantly (Cotg.). 

Beguerdonment, sb. requital, DG. 

Belied, sb, reed, W, Wa ; see Beed. 

Behersaille, sb. rehearsal, C3. 

Behersen, v. to rehearse, enumerate, 
Ca, Sa,PP; reheroen,PP,Ca; rehearse, 
WW, Sh. — AF. rekerser, rehercer. See 

Befcersyng, sb. rehearsal, C. 

Beheten, v. to refresh, to cheer, H, 
CM, WA, HD, JD ; reheylt, H ; rehetid, 
pp., H.— OF. rehaitier (Bartsch), cp. OF. 
haitier, to make joyful, see BH, Diez, p. 



Behetynge, sb. comfort, refreshing, H. 

Beioysen, v. to rejoice, PP, Ca; re- 
ioissnen, PP ; relosynff, pr. p., S3.— OF. 
resjotss-, stem of resjotssant, pr. p. oiresjoir, 
from re + esjoir; Lat. ex+gaudere (Late 
Lat. *gaudire)\ see Constans, glossaire 
(prefix r«-). 

Rake. sb. vapour, smoke, Sa, H (Ps. 
67. 2), Cath.; reyk, B; reik, B; recto, 
S2.— AS. rte\ cp. Icel. reykrx OTeut. 
*rauki- ; see Kluge (s. v. ranch). 

Bekels, sb. incense, Cath.; reoles, S, 
S2. Comb.: recle-fat, incense- vessel, censer, 
S, SD.— AS. ricels. 

Beken, v. to smoke, Cath. — AS. rtcan. 

Bekenen, v. to reckon up, to give 
account, C2, W, PP; rekne, S2, PP; 
rikenen, S, PP ; rikynyd, pp., Wa ; y- 
rekened, C2. Cp. Du. rekenen. 

Rekeninge, sb. reckoning, C3. 

Sekenthis, sb. pi. chains, WA; re- 
kanthes, W A.— AS. racente ; cp. Icel. re- 
kendr. Cf. Bakenteie. 

Bekkeles, adj. careless, S3 ; see Be- 

Itekken, v. to reck, care, Ca ; see Be- 

Belenten, v. to melt, C3, Palsg., 

Prompt., SkD.— OF. ralentir (Cotg.). 

Beles, sb. relaxation, forgiveness, also 
taste, odour, Prompt. ; relees, Prompt, {n) ; 
relece, Prompt. Phr. : ont of relees, 
without ceasing, C3.— AF. reles, relees, 
relais. See below. 

Releschen, v. to relax, release; re- 
lecen, Prompt.; release, C3; relescnand, 
pr. p., S3 ; released, //. s., forgave, Ca ; 
relesed, //., forgiven, PP ; released, PP. 
— AF. relascher, relesser, releisser; Lat. 

Releuen, v. to raise up again, to rise, 
PP, C3 ; relyue, S3 ; relieve, imp., take 
up again, S3.— AF. reiever ; Lat. rekuare. 

Belif, sb. what remains, a fragment taken 
up from the table ; releef , Prompt. ; relefe, 
Cath., SkD.; reliefe, Cath. (») ; relifs, //., 
W, W2 ; relifes, W ; relifis, W2 ; relyues, 
S2. — OF. reliefs remainder (Bartsch), from 
reliev-, accented stem of reiever, to raise 
up ; Lat. releudre. 

BelikeS, sb. pi. remains, H ; relikia, 
Wa. — AF. relikes; Lat. reliquias. 

Belyen, v. to rally, call back, re- 
assemble, to take courage again, PP ; rely, 
B ; releyt, //. s. t B, Sa ; releit, pp., Sa, B. 


— AF. relier, to rally (OF. ralier, in 
Bartsch) ; . Lat. re + ligare, to bind. 

Relyue, v. to rise, S3 ; relyued, //. /., 
raised, S3 ; see Beleuen. 

Hem, sb. a kingdom, Sa ; reme, C ; see 

Hem, sb. a cry, S ; reames,//., S. — AS. 
hrtam, OS. hrdm, Icel. rdmr. 

Beme, v. to cry, roar, S, PP ; xaum, 
HD; romy, H; romiand, pr. p. % Sa ; 
rumyand, H; romyd,//. J.,H; r emd e n , 
//., S. — AS. hriman : OS. hrSmian. 

Remedie, sb. remedy, C2 ; remede, S3. 
— OF. remede, AF. remedie ; Lat. rente- 

Remen, v. to give place, to quit, S, 
SD; roume, PP; rumen, SD; rimen, 
SD. — AS. ryman : OS. nimian ; cp. OFris. 
rima, G. raumen, see Weigand. See Bowm. 

Kemenant, sb. remnant, Ca, C3, S3 ; 
remenaunt, C, Prompt. ; rem an and, B ; 
remelawnt, Prompt. ; remlawnt, HD ; 
remlin, Prompt. (»). — AF. remenant, OF. 
remanant, pr. p. of remanoir (Bartsch) ; 
Lat. remanere. 

Bemlet, sb. remnant, HD, Prompt («). 
See above. 

Remonyn, v. to remove, Prompt. ; re- 
meuen, S3, C3, Palsg., SkD.— AF. remoe- 
ver (with change of conjugation) from OF. 
removoir ; Lat. re + mouere. 

Bemuen, v. to remove, CM, ND, SkD ; 
remown, Prompt. ; remwe, to depart, S3 ; 
remewed, pp., Ca.— OF. remuir\ Lat. 
re + mutare. 

Reliable, adj. eloquent, PP ; see 

Benably, adv. reasonably, CM; 
nably, HD. See above. 

Rend, v. to make to run into a shape, to 
cast metal, melt, H ; rind, rynde, to melt, 
as lard, &c, JD. — Icel. renna, to make to 
run, to pour (of a melted substance), causal 
of renna {rinna), to run. See Bennen. 

Benden, v. to tear, PP; reendyn. 
Prompt.; rente, pt. s., S; rended. pp., 
Sa ; y-rent, C3. — ONorth. rendan, to cut or 
tear down (BT). 

Benegat, sb. renegade, C3 ; runagate, 
WW. — OF. renegai; Late Lat. renegatum. 

Benewlen, v. to renew, W ; rennle, 
Wa ; renewlid, //., W ; renulid, Wa.— 
AF. renoveler ; Late Lat. renovellare. 

Beneye, v. to deny, reject, abandon, 
Sa, PP, Ca, CM.— OF. reneier; Late Lat 


Beng, sb. rank, SD ; ren#e«, p?., C ; 
renffis, HD.— OF. r*«g-, r^w; cp. AF. 
renc , ring of people, raarj, ranks ; OHG. 
hring, ring. See Sing 1 . 
Renk, sb. a man, PP; renke, PP ; 
renkes, pi., men, creatures, PP, HD ; 
renkkee, S2 ; reynkee, PP.— Icel. r^r 
(for renkr), a man, nsed in poetry, also in 
law. Cp. AS. rwr, a warrior, a man 
(Grein). See Banke. 
Renne, v. See under Bapen. 
Rennen, v. to run, SD, S, Sa, S3, Ca, 
W, PP; rin, S3 ; rynne, S3 ; ryn, Sa ; 
eornen, S, Sa ; ernen, S ; urnen, S ; 
Berne, S ; wrnett, pr. pi., S ; rynnys, 
S3 ; ron, //. s., Sa, PP ; urnen, pi., S ; 
eora, S ; iorne, //., S ; ronnen, PP ; 
ronne, PP, Ca ; y-ronne, Ca ; y-ronnen, 
C; arade, pt.s. (weak), S, SD; ernde, 
SD; fBrnden,//.,SD.— AS. rinnan, pt. s. 
ran, pp. gerunnen, also irnan, yrnan, pt. 
s. am, pi. urnon, pp. urnen. 

Bennyng, sb. running, S3 ; rennyngis, 
//., currents, streams, Wa. 

Renome, sb. renown, WW, S3; re- 
nonme, WW; renowme, WW. See 

Renomee, sb. renown, WW ; renom- 
me, B. — OF. renomee ; Late Lat. *rcnomi- 

Renonmed, adj. renowned, WW ; re- 
nowmed, WW. — Cp. OF. renommi ; see 

Ren.OUH, sb. renown, SkD; renowne, 
B. — AF. renoun, renun, OF. return, renom ; 
Lat. re + nomen ; cp. Sp. renombre, renown 

Rente, sb. revenue, pay, reward, S, Ca ; 
rent, Prompt ; rentes, //., S, PP, Sa ; 
rentis, PP.— AF. rente ; Late Lat. *ren- 
dita ; Lat. reddita ; from OF. rendre ; Lat. 

Renten, v. to endow, PP. 

Renule, v. to renew, Wa ; see Benew- 

Reod, sb. a reed, PP ; see Seed. 

Reonsien, v. to grieve, SD.— AS. 
hriowsian, see Sievers, 411. See Bewen. 

Reowen, v. to grieve, vex, S; see 

ReowSTUlge, sb. repentance, SD. — AS. 

ReewVe, sb. ruth, pity, S ; see Bewtte. 

Repair, sb. a place of resort, ND ; 
repelr, return, S3.— OF. repaire. 



Repairen, v. to go to, Ca, C3; re- 
pairing, pr. p., Ca ; raparyt,//. //., S3 ; 
reparlt, pp., Sa.— AF. repeirer, OF. re- 
pairier; lit. repatriare, to return to one's 
Reparailen, v. to repair; reparaild, 
pp., H.— OF. repareiller; cp. apareillier, 
to prepare ; from pareil, like ; Late Lat 
pariculum (Ducange). 

Reparaylynge, sb. restoration, H. 

Repe, sb. sheaf, manipulus, Voc, SD ; 
reepe, SD ; repis,//., H. 

Repen, v. to cut grain, PP, W, Wa ; 
ripen, S ; rap, //. s., W ; repen, //., S ; 
ropen, PP ; ropun, W; rope, Wa.— 
OMerc. ripan irypan, rlpan) : Goth, raup- 
jan, to pluck ; see Sievers, 159. 

Repples, sb. pi. staves, cudgels (?), S. 

Repreuable, adj. reprehensible, C3, W. 

Reprene, v. to reprove, PP, Prompt., 
C3 ; repreued, pp., Sa.— OF. repruever, 
reprover ; Lat. reprdbare. 

Reprene, sb. reproof, C3 ; repreef, W, 

Repreuynges, reproofs, Sa. 

Repromyssioun, sb. promise, W.— 
Lat. repromtssionem (Vulg.). 

Repngnen, v. to tight against, Wa; 
to denyTrP.— Lat. repugnare. 

Repylle-8tok, sb. an implement for 
cleaning flax, Voc. See Bipple. 

Rerage, sb. arrears, PP, HD ; rerages, 
//., PP. Cf. Areraffe. 

Rerd, sb. voice, sound, SD ; rerid, WA ; 
reorde, S ; rorde, SD : rearde, Sa ; rurd, 
Sa ; rerde, dot., SD, HD.— AS. reord for 
reard, cp. OHG. rarta : Goth, razda ; cp. 
Icel. rodd (gen. raddar). 

Rerden, v. to speak, to sound ; reord- 
ien, SD ; rerdit, pt. pi., S3.— AS. reord- 

Reren, v. to make to rise, to rear, Sa, 
B ; rerde, //. s., S, Sa ; rerld, //., Sa ; 
rered, Sa.— AS. r<kran\ Goth, raisjan. 
See Bysen. 

Resalgar, sb. realgar, red orpiment, 
C3, HD.— Sp. rejalgar, arsenic (Minsheu). 

ReSCOTien, v. to rescue, SkD; res- 
cowe, CM ; reskew, B.— OF. rescou-, stem 
of rescouant, rescoant, pr. p. of rescorre. 
See below. 

ReSCOUS, sb. rescue, S3, C, SkD, CM. 
—OF. rescous (rescos), pp. of rescorre, to 
help, repair a damage, also resqueure (BH); 
Lat. re + excutere, to shake off. 

Rese, s. and v. ; see Base. 



Resen, v. to shake, C ; see Boston. 

R686t y sb. place of refuge, B ; see Be- 

Hesownen, v. to resound ; rtsowne, 

C ; resonned, pt. s. } C2 OF. resoner ; 

Lat. resonare. 

Respyt, sb. respite, delay, leisure, C3, 
C ; respyte, Prompt., Cath. ; respit, B.— 
AF. respit ; Late Lat. respectum (ace), 
respite, prorogation (Ducange) ; a technical 
sense of Lat. respectus, consideration. 

Rest, sb. rest ; reste, S. — AS. rest ; cp. 
OHG. resti (Tatian). 

Resten, v. to rest, S. — AS. reslan ; cp. 
OHG. resten (Tatian). 

Resnn,^. reason, talk, S2, PP, Prompt; 
resonn, C2, S2, PP ; reson, C2, PP, HD ; 
reison, PP. — AF. resoun (reison, reasoun), 
also raisoun, reason, language; Lat. ra- 

Resunable, adj. reasonable, talkative, 
eloquent, Prompt.; resonable, PP; res- 
nabyl, HD ; renable, PP ; rnnnable, PP. 
Notes (p. 23"). — AF. resonable, OF. res- 
noble, raisnable ; Lat. rationabilem. 

Retenaunce, sb. retinue, company, 
PP, HD.— AF. retenaunce ; Late Lat. re- 
tinentia (Ducange). 

Retenue, sb. retinue, suite, C2.— OF. 
retenue', a retinue (Cotg.) ; Late Lat. re- 
tenuta (Ducange). In F. retenue means 
* reserve, modesty,' and has become obsolete 
in the English sense of a * suite,' a body of 

Rethor, sb. orator, C, C2, Manip. — 
Late Lat. rhethor ; Lat. rhetor ; Gr. jA\TQip. 

Rethoryke, sb. rhetoric, C2; retoryke, 
PP ; retoryk, PP.— Lat. rhetoriea. 

Retten, v. to account, impute, C, H, 
Prompt., W ; rectyn, Prompt.— AF. retter, 
reter, to accuse (pp. rette, rete) ; Lat. 
reputare see BH, § 153 ; by popular ety- 
mology Low Lat. rectare, * in jus vocare,' 
rectatus, accused (Schmid). Cf. A-retten. 

Renfal, adj. compassionate, S2 ; see 

Renle, sb. rule, PP, C ; rewle, PP, S3 ; 
rlwle, S ; renel, S2 ; real, S2 ; rinlen, 
//., S. — AF. reule ; Lat. regula ; also OF. 
riule, rigle ; Late Lat. rigula (for regula). 

Reulen, v. to rule, PP,C ; rewled,//. s. t 
S2. — AF. reuler; Lat. regular e. 

Renliche, adv. ruefully, S2 ; see Bew- 


Reniue, sb. kingdom ; see Bewma. 

Reue f sb. reeve, prefect, minister of state, 
steward, S, PP, Prompt. ; reeve, C ; renen, 
//., S. Comb. : ref-scnipe, reeveship, 
prefecture, S.— AS. {ge)rifa. 

Rene, sb. clothing, spoil, plunder, SD ; 
rief, SD. Comb. : ref-lac, robbery, S, SD. 
— AS. rtaf, clothing, spoil ; cp. Icel. rauf, 
spoil. Cf. Bobe. 

Renel, sb. revel, C ; see Beenel. 

Renen, v. to rob, plunder, S, S2, S3 ; 
reane, S2 ; riene, S3 ; refand, pr. /., H ; 
renede, //. s., S ; rafte, C2 ; rseneden, 
//., S : y-raft, pp., C— AS. rtofian, to 

Reuere, sb. robber, SD; reuer, S3; 
rwneres,//., S. — AS. riafere. 

Rening, sb. robbery, S ; raninff , S. 

Rewe, s. row, C ; rewis, pl. t S3 ; see 

Rewel (?)• Comb. : rewel boon, C2 ; 
rowel boon, CM : renylle bone, Ca («) ; 
rnelle bones, pi., HD, C2 (/*) ; rewle 
•tone, HD (p. 698). 

Rewen, v. to rue, grieve, S, PP, S2, S3, 
C2 ; reowen, S; rnwyn, Prompt.; rowing", 
pr. p., S3 ; reontt, pr. s., S ; rwe*, S2 ; 
rewede, //. s. t S.— AS. hreowan ; cp. OS. 

Rewere, sb. one who pities ; reewere, 

Rewfnl, adj. piteous, S, S2, C3 ; ren- 
fal, S2 ; reowfale, //., S. 

Rewle, sb. rule, S2 ; see Benle. 

Rewliche, adj. pitiable, PP; rewli, 
piteous, S; rewell, S; rnly, HD. — AS. 

Rewliche, adv. piteously, S; reow- 
liehe, S ; renliene, S2 ; rewli, S ; rwly, 
S2. — AS. hriowlice. 

Rewlyngis, rough shoes, S3 ; see 

Rewme, sb. kingdom, S2, W, H, PP; 
realme, CM ; reanme, C2, S2 ; renme, 
PP, S2 ; reame, S2, PP ; reme, C, PP, 
Cath. ; rem, S2 ; ream, H. — OF. reaume, 
AF. realme ; Late Lat *regalimen. 

Rewffe, sb. ruth, pity, S, C2, C3, G; 
reowtfe, S; rontte, S2, G; reoKe, S; 
routn, S3 ; rn>e, S, S3 ; rawtSe, S2 ; 
xewpeu, pi. , S2. See Bewen. 

RewVelese, adj. ruthless, C3 ; rewfc- 
les, PP. 
Reyn, sb. rain, W2, PP, C2 ; rien, S ; 


rein, S ; reyne, PP ; reane, S3 ; ran, S3. 
— AS. regn (rJn). 

Heynen, v. to rain, PP ; reinen, S ; 
raayt, pt. s ., B. — AS. regnian (also rf£- 
«a», rinan), see Sievers, 9a' 

Reysed,/A ridden, C ; see Base. 

Beysen, v. to raise, G, CM ; reiaen, 
Wa, 3; reaa, S3. — Icel. mw; cp. Goth. 
raisjan. See Risen, Keren. 

Redely *£. a garment, rail, SkD; rail, 
JD ; ralle, HD ; rayle, a kerchief, Palsg., 
Voc. ; raylea, //., ND.— AS. hragl (Voc.). 
Cf. Y-rayled. 

Biall, adj. royal, CM, S3, PP; see 

Bially, adv. royally, CM; see 

Bibaild, sb. villain, worthless creature, 
ribald, PP ; ryband, PP ; ribande, the 
Evil One, PP; ribalds, PP; rlbaut, S3; 
ribaudea, //., sinners, PP ; ribaus, S. — 
AF. ribald (pi. ribaus, ribaldes), OF. 

Bibaudie, sb. sin, S2, PP; ribald jesting, 
C3. — OF. ribaudie. 

Bibaudour, sb. profligate fellow, PP ; 
rybandonr, PP. 

Bibandrie, sb. ribaldry, PP ; rybaud- 
rto, PP, S3. 

Biche, adj. powerful, rich, S; ryehe, 
PP ; ryke, PP ; rice, S.— OF. riche. 

Rich*, sb. kingdom, S, S2 ; ryehe, PP ; 
rioe, S ; rike, H, Sa.— AS. rice. 

Bichelike, adv. richly, S; riche- 
Uehe, S2. 

Bichen, v. to grow rich, PP ; reoheft,,PF. 

B£che8S6, sb. wealth, PP, Sa, S3, Ca ; 
ritcneeee,W; rlclielae,S; riehea,WW; 
rioheaaea,//., costly articles, Sa ; rioohaa- 
als, WW ; ri^toheaela, W.— OF. richese, 
AF. richesce. 

Bict, adj. right, S ; see Bygnt. 

Biden, v. to ride, S, Sa ; rldend,/r./., 
S ; rydinge, C3 ; ryd, imp., S ; rit, pr. s., 
PP, C3 ; ritt, PP ; ryt, PP, C ; rad, //. s., 
Sa, B ; rod, S, Sa ; rood, Ca ; riden, *„'., 
S, C3, C ; rada, Sa ; raid, B ; riden, pp., 
Ca ; rad, B. Comb. : redyng-kyng, a kind 
of feudal retainer, PP; redyng-kyngea, 
//, PP. — AS. rldan, pt. s. rdd, pi. ridon. 

Bidere, sb. rider, S; rideres, //., S ; 
ridaren, S. 

Bidil, sb. a sieve, Prompt.; rydalle, 
Cath.; ryddal, raddle, Cath. (»). Cf. 



Bidilen, v. to sift; rydelyn, Prompt. ; 
ridlle, W ; ridlande, pr. p., Sa. Phr. : 
riddlide watria = Lat. cribrans aquas 

Bif, v. to rive, Sa ; see Byuen. 

Rift, sb. veil, curtain ; rixtt, S. — AS. 
rift ; cp. Icel. rtpt, ripti. 

Biften, v. eructare, H (Ps. 18. 2); rift, 
to belch, Manip. — Icel. rypta. 

Biht, adj. and sb. right, S ; see Byght. 

Bihten, v. to direct, correct, S ; rigten, 
to set straight, S ; ri*ti, Sa ; rigntid, pt. s., 
Sa. — AS. rihtan. 

Bihtlecen, v. to direct, set right, S ; 
rl^Ueobe, Sa, HD ; ry^tlokede, pp., S3.— 
AS. rihtlakcan. 

Biht wis, adj. righteous, S ; see Byght. 

Bike, sb. kingdom, Sa ; see Biehe. 

Bikenare, sb. reckoner, S. 

Bikenen, v. to reckon, S, PP; see 

Bin, v. to run, S3 ; see Bennen. 

Bing, v. to reign, S3 ; see Begnen. 

Biot, v. to revel, live dissolutely, glut- 
tonously, WW ; ryot, B ; riotte, to be 
dissolute, luxuriare, Manip. 

Biote, sb. uproar, SkD ; riot, dissolute, 
luxurious living, WW ; riotte, Manip. ; 
ryot, depredation, B. — AF. riote (ryot), 
confusion, OF. riote, quarrelling (Bartsch), 
also feasting (Ducange) ; cp. ODu. revot, 
4 caterva nebulonum, luxuria ' ; see SkD. 

Biotonr, sb. rioter; rioter, glutton, 
WW ; ryotoures, //., C3.— AF. riotour, 
OF. riotheir (Ps. 36. 1). 

Biotoug, adj. luxurious, dissolute, 
WW. — Cp. Low Lat. riotosus (Ducange). 

Bipe, adj. fit for reaping, mature, S; 
rype, Ca. 

Bipen, v. to become ripe, Prompt. ; 
ripede,//. s., S.— AS. ripian. 

Bipen, v. to divide by tearing open, to 
rip, to search diligently, examine, HD, JD, 
SkD (s. v. rip) ; rype, Palsg. ; riped, //. s., 
Sa. — Cp. Swed. repa, to scratch. 

Bipple, sb. an instrument for ripping 
off the flax-seeds, JD. Comb. : repylle- 
atok, an implement for cleaning flax, Voc. 

Bipplen, v. to ripple flax, JD ; rypel- 
en, SkD, Prompt. 

Bishe, sb. rush, S3 ; see Bnaohe. 

Bist, pr. s. riseth, rises, C3 ; see Byaen. 

Bit, pr. s. rides, C3 ; see Biden. 

BiuellC, adv. frequently, Sa. See 



Riveting, sb. a kind of shoe, SD, HD ; 
million, JD ; rewlyngls, pi., S3 ; row- 
lyngis, JD. — AS. rifelingas, ' obstrigelli ' 
(Voc) ; cp. AF. rivelinges, rivelins. 

Rixan, v. to reign, S. — AS. ricsian 
(rixian) ; cp. OHG. rthhisdn (Tatian), see 
Sievers, 411. See Blcne. 

Rixtien, v. to reign, S. See above. 

Ri^t, sb. right, justice, Sa ; see Bygnt. 

Ro, sb. quiet, S2 ; see Boo. 

Robben, v. to plunder, spoil, rob, SkD, 
PP; rotoby, Sa.— AF. robber; cp. It. 
robbare, to rob (Florio). 

Bobbeonr, sb. robber, PP ; robbour, 
PP. — AF. robebur, OF. robebr; Low Lat. 
robatorem; cp. It. robbatore, robber 

Robe, sb. robe, PP ; rotes, //., clothes, 
PP ; robls, PP.— AF. robe ; cp. It. rdbba, 
gown, robe, goods (Florio). 

Boberie, sb. robbery, S. — AF. roberie. 

Roohe, sb. rock, S, S3, Ca, H ; rooch, 

52, Wa. Comb. : roche-wall, rock-wall, 
S.— AF. rocht. 

Bod, pt. s. rode, S, Sa ; see Biden. 

Redo, sb. a road, a riding, SkD, WW, 
Sh.; rode, S2, JD; roade, WW; roode, 
place where vessels ride at anchor, bitalas- 
sum, Prompt — AS. rdd. 

Rode, sb. red complexion, Ca, Sa ; see 


Rody, adj. ruddy, S2, C2, PP ; rodi, W. 

Roggen, v. to shake, PP, HD, S2, 
Prompt. ; zng, JD. — Icel. rugga, to rock a 

Rohten, recked, S ; see Bechen. 

Roial, adj. royal, CM ; see Beal. 

Roialtee, sb. royalty, C3 ; see Bealte. 

Rokke, sb. a distaff, Prompt, Cath., 
HD; rok, S3; roolie, Manip. ; rooks,//., 

53, HD.— Icel. rokkr. 

Rokken, v. to rock, Prompt. ; y-rokked, 

PP., S2. 

Romblen, v. to ramble; romblynge, 
pr.p. t VV. 

Romen, v. to rove about, to ramble, 
wander, roam, C2, C3, PP, SkD; rame, 
HD; raymen, PP, S2; rowme, PP; 
rombe, PP. Cp. OS. r6m6n, OHG. r&mfri, 
to strive after (Otfrid). 

Romeire, sb. roamer, wanderer, PP ; 
xowmer, PP; romaxes, //., PP; rom- 
berls, PP. 

Rome-renneres, sb. pi. agents at the 
court of Rome, PP. 


Ron, //. s. ran, Sa ; see Bennett. 

Reng,//. s. rang, C3 ; see Bynffem. 

Roo, sb. roe, deer, S2, Prompt. ; ro, Sa ; 
ra, JD ; rays, //., S3.— AS. rdh (Voc), 
also rdha (Voc), see Sievers, 117. 

ROO, sb. rest, quiet, Sa, HD; to, HD. 
Sa.— Icel. rd: AS. row: OHG. ruowa (G. 

Rood, pt. s. rode, Ca ; see Biden. 

Roode, sb. the rood, cross, gallows, PP, 
G, Prompt. ; rode, PP, S, Sa, S3 ; rude, 
B; roid,B; rod, a rod, SkD. Phr.\ rule 
the rod, to bear sway, NQ (6. 3. 169). 
Comb. : rode-tre, the cross, Sa ; rude 
evyn, eve of the Rood (Sept. 13), B. — AS. 
rdd: OS. r6da ; cp. OHG. ruoda (G. rute). 

Roof, sb. roof, W, Prompt. ; rkof f SkD ; 
roflf, PP; rone, S3; rofe, PP; roouys, 
//., W2.— AS. hr6f. 

Roomtb, sb. room, space, ND. See 

Roomtbie, adj. spacious, Cotg. (s. v. 

Roomthsome, adj. spacious, DG. 

Rop, sb. a rope, PP ; rapes, pi., S. — AS. 
rdp ; cp. Icel. reip. 

Rope, reaped, Wa ; see Bepen. 

Ropere, sb. rope-maker or rope-seller, 

Roplocb, adj. coarse, applied to woollen 
stuffs, JD ; sb. coarse woollen cloth, S3 
raplach, raplock, reploch, JD. 

Roren, v. to roar, C, PP; roorin, 
Prompt; rarln, H (Ps. 76. 1); rax, B; 
rair, S3, B. — AS. rdrian, to lament loudly, 
to bellow. 

Res, pt. s. rose, S, Ca ; see Bysen. 

Rose, sb. rose, Prompt. ; roose, Wa ; 
rois, S3; ross, S3 (11 a. 6); rosea,//., 
SkD ; roosls, W2. Comb. : rose-reed, red 
as a rose, C3. — OProv. rose ; Lat. rosa ; cp. 
AS. rdse. 

Resen, v. to praise, reflex, to boast, H ; 
roose, JD ; rose, JD ; roysen, H ; reese, 
JD. — Icel. hrSsa, to praise, reflex, to boast, 
from hrSUr, praise, fame. 

Rospen, v. to scrape, S ; see Raspen. 

R08t, sb. roast (meat), PP ; roste, PP. 
Phr. : rules the rost, takes the lead, domi- 
neers, S3, ND. NQ (6. 3. 170), HD (s.v. 
rule-stone), SPD (s. v. r«w/).-AF. rost, 

Roste, v. to roast, C; y-rosted, pp., 
S3.— OF. rostir. 

Rote, sb. root, Wa, PP, Sa, Ca ; rot, Sa ; 


e, a term in astrology, Sa, C3 ; foot, 
C2; rutU,//., S3 ; rotes, PP.— Icel. r6t\ 
the same word as AS. wr6t> snout, ' brun- 
cus ; ' see Voc. (cp. wrdtan, to grub up). 
Rote, sb. a musical instrument, C, HD, 
ND, SkD ; roote, HD.— AF. rote ; OHG. 
hrota ; cp. Low Lat. chrotta, Olr. crot 
(Windisch). Cf. Crowde. 
Rote, v. to rot, H (Ps. 15. 10). Der. : 
rotynff, rotting; Sa. — AS. rotian. 
Rote, in phr. by rote ; see Beote. 
Roten, adj. rotten, C3 ; rotyo, HD ; 
roton, W2 ; rottyn, B. — Cp. Icel. rotinn, 
perhaps 2. pp. form. 

RoVer, sb. a paddle for rowing, used also 
as a rudder, S, S2 ; rothyr, Prompt. ; rodyr, 
Voc., Prompt.*; rodyr, oar, Cath. ; rither, 
rudder, DG. See Bowen. 

Rooer, sb. an ox, SD, HD ; re1S«r, SD ; 
reotfer, SD ; reotteren, //., SD ; rettereo, 
SD ; rcttereo, S3 ; rdtteroo, Sa ; riftereo, 
SD ; rottereo, SD. Phr. : rule the rather, 
ND. Comb. : rother-eoyl, manure, HD, 
ND ; retheroe-toooffe, the herb bugloss, 
HD.— AS. hreoder: hrtter, OFris. hrtter: 
OHG. hrind (pi. hrindir) ; cp. G. rind. 

Rojrun, sb. a driving storm, Sa. — Cp. 
Icel. rdOiy the wind, tempest. 

Rouken, v. to lie close, cower down, 
CM, C, HD, JD. 

Rouncle, v. to wrinkle, Sa ; see Boo- 

Rouucy, sb. a horse, C, CM ; rooosy, 
HD; rownsy, HD.— AF. runcin (Ro- 
land) ; cp. OF. roucin (F. roussin), Sp. ro~ 
cin, whence rocinante y see Diez, p. 377. 

Rounde, adj. round, PP. — AF. rounde, 
OF. reont, roont ; Lat. rotundum (ace). 

Roundel, sb. a kind of ballad, C— OF. 

Roune, sb. a secret, a mystery, Sa ; 
rune, a secret, S ; roun, song, Sa ; runen, 
pl. t secret discourses, S ; rones, S ; roooes, 
Sa.— AS. nin: OS. and Goth, rtina, a 
secret, counsel. 

Ronnen, v. to talk secretly, whisper, 
PP, Ca ; roolen, S ; rowoen, H, PP, 
Cath., S3, Ca, C3 ; rooadeo, PP, ND, 
Sh., SPD.— AS. rtinian, to whisper. 

Ronning, sb. secret conference, S; 
rownlnff, B; roofage, S; rooolnges, 
pi., S ; ronenen, whisperings, S. 

Roussat, sb. russet, S3 ; see Bosset. 

Route, sb. a rout, overthrow, troop, 

throng, company, Sa, PP, S3, Ca, C3 ; 

I root, Sa ; rowtes,//., Sa ; rote, a route, 



rut, way, path, SkD. Phr. : toy rote, Ca, 
C3, SkD ; toy roote, C— AF. route, rule, a 
band of men, a way, OF. rote ; Late Lat. 
rupta, a broken mass of flying men, a 
defeat, a company in broken ranks, a dis- 
orderly array, a way broken through a 

Route, v. to put to flight, Manip. ; to 
assemble in a company, Sa, C3. 

Rou)>e, sb. pity, S ; see Bewoe. 

Rou^te,//. s. recked, Ca ; see Beeheo. 

Roue, sb. roof, S3 ; see Boot 

ROW, adj. rough, C3, SkD ; roffh, SkD; 
roje, Sa ; roooh, S3, JD ; ron, SD.— AS. 
rtih (gen. niwes) ; cp. G. rauh. 

Roweu, v. to row, S, PP.— AS. rowan. 

Rowle, v. to roll, S3 ; rele, S3 ; rol- 
lyn, Prompt.; roeled, pt. s., Sa.— AF. 
router, ro&r; Late Lat. rotulare. Cf. 

Rowm, sb. space, Prompt., B; rowme, 
cell, room, Prompt, S3, SkD ; rome, S3. 
— AS. riim, space, Goth. rums. 

Rowme, adj. spacious, roomy, H ; 
roome, Sa. 

Rowste, sb. voice, W A.— Icel. raust. 

Rowt, sb. a stunning blow, Sa, B; 
root, B. 

Rowte, sb. noise, snoring, CM. 

Rowteu, v. to make a great noise, to 
bellow, to snore, H, Sa, S3, Prompt ; 
rooteo, B, CM, JD, SD ; rowtande,/r./., 
n»aring, noisy, Sa ; rootte, pt. s., PP ; 
rotte, PP ; roottt, Sa.— AS. hrtitan, to 

Royle, v. to rove about, Manip. ; rolle, 
HD, PP; roole, PP. Notes (p. 94), CM. 
— OF. roiller, roller (Ducange), AF. router \ 
Late Lat. rotulare. See Bowie. 

Royle, sb. a stumbling horse, S3, PP. 
Notes (p. 94) ; oblongula mutter, Manip. 

Royu, sb. scurf; as adj., rough, scurfy, S3. 
— OF. roigne (Cotg.) ; Lat. robiginem, rust, 

Roynish, adj. scabby, ND, Sh. ; rolo- 
loh, HD. 

Royster, sb. a bully, swaggerer, saucy 
fellow, S3; roister, ND. Comb.: roU- 
ter-dolster, S3 (p. a6a).— OF. rustre, 
royster, swaggerer (Cotg.), also roiste (Du- 
cange), ruiste (BH), ruste; Lat rusticum, 
a countryman. 
Ro^e, adj. rough, Sa ; see Bow. 
Ro^te, pt. s. cared, S ; see Beohen. 
Ruddocke, sb. the robin redbreast, 
Manip. ; roddok, CM. 



Rude, sb. redness, S ; ruddes,//., S3.— 
AS. rudu (Voc). 

Slide, adj. rough, undressed (of cloth') 
( = Lat. rudis = dyvtyos), Sa ; rnyd, B; 
roid, B. — OF. rude ; Lat. rudem. 

Budelyche, adv. rudely, C; ruydly, 
B ; roydly, B ; radly, B. 

Ruffle, v. to bluster, to be noisy and tur- 
bulent, S3, Sh., ND; ruffelyiifre, pr.p., 
S3.— ODu. roffelen, to pander. 

Rumer, sb. a cheating bully, ND, HD. 

Rug, sb. back, S; rng;ge, S, Sa ; see 

Roggy, adj. rough, C, CM. — Cp. Swed. 
ruggtg, rough, hairy. See Sow. 

Rake, sb. a heap, S ; ruck, JD ; raken, 
//., S. Cp. OSwed. nika, ' acervus.' 

Rnkelen, v. to heap up, SD, S. 

Rummeis, v. to bellow, S3; nunmei, 
JD; rowxnyss, JD ; reimis, JD.— See 
SkD (s. v. rumble). The word rummeis is no 
doubt of Romance origin, an inchoative in 
-sco from Lat. *rumare, found in ad-rumare, 
to make a lowing noise ; cp. OF. roumant, 
a murmur (Ducange). 

RumxniSB, sb. a loud, rattling, or rumb- 
ling noise, JD; reimis, JD; reemisn*, 
JD ; rummage, an obstreperous din, JD. 

Runagate, sb. renegade, WW; see 

Rune, sb. a secret, S ; runen, pi. secret 
discourses, S ; see Bonne. 

Runien, v. to discourse, S ; see Bonn- 

Runge, rang ; see Byngen. 

Runkylle, sb - a wrm kle, Cath. ; run- 
kill, JD.— Cp. Dan. rynke. 

Runkylle, v. to wrinkle, Cath. ; rankle, 
JD ; ronnole, Sa ; ronncled,//., Cath (») ; 
ronoled, HD. — Cp. Swed. rynka. 

Rurd, sb. cry, noise, Sa ; see Berd. 

RuSCne, sb. rush, PP ; riscne, PP ; 
ressne, PP ; rishe, S3 ; rish, Manip. ; 
ryshes,//., S3. — AS. risce, reset (Voc). 

Rusien, v. to shake, SD, C (») ; rese, 
C ; resye, C (»); rased, //. s., PP.— AS. 
hrysian, Goth, hrisjan. 

Russet, adj. russet, PP, Prompt ; roas- 
sat, S3 ; russets,, clothes of a russet 
colour, ND. — AF. russet, OF. rousset ; cp. 
Low Lat. roussetum (Ducange). 

Russetting, sb. coarse cloth of russet 
colour, HD ; a kind of apple, ND. 

Rube, sb. ruth, pity, S ; see Bewtne. 

Rutis, roots, S3 ; see Bote. 


Rwly, adv. ruefully, Sa ; see Xewllefee. 

Rybybe, sb. a kind of fiddle, uetella, 
vitula, Voc., Prompt.; [ribibe, an old 
woman, CM, ND] ; rebeke, Manip. ; re- 
bekke, rebeck, SkD ; rebeoke, ND. — It. 
ribebba (also ribecca); Arab, rabdba, a 
fiddle with one or two strings, Steingass, p. 


RybybOTLT, sb. a player on the ribibc, 
PP. See above. 

Rydder, sb. a sieve, cribrum % Voc — AS. 
hrider (Voc). Cf. Bidil. 

Rydel, sb. riddle, Prompt. ; see Bedels. 

Ryfe, adj. abundant, numerous, frequent, 
openly known, S3 ; ryyf, Prompt. ; ryflT, 
PP ; ryne, G— Icel. rifr, munificent. 

Ryfelen, v. to rob, plunder, Prompt, 
y-rifled,//., PP.— OF. rijler (Cotg.). 

Ryflowre,^ robber, plunderer, Prompt. 

Rynynge, sb. plunder, PP. 

Ryge, sb. stormy rain, S2 ; rig;, HD. — 
Icel. hregg, storm and rain. 

JEtyre«f sb - back > rid S e > HD > PP ; rysr ' 
B,PP; rnffg;e,S,PP,S2; rng;,S; runes, 

//., HD; riffle, S, HD, G; rig;, S2. 

Comb. : rygge-bon, spondile, Voc. ; ryg;- 

bone, spina, Voc, PP; ryg;boon, HD; 

riffffebon, PP, G.— AS. hrycg\ cp. OHG. 

ruggi (Otfrid). 

Ryght, adv. exactly, very, PP; rint, 
right, close, S, S2 ; rinnt, S ; rinte, S ; 
riot, S ; rigt, S ; rist, S, S2. Phr. : ry3t 
now late, only lately, S2. 

Ryght, adj. right, Prompt. ; ryht, Sa ; 
ri3t, S2, W ; rihte, S ; rigte, S ; riate, 
S; riot, S. Comb. : ri^t-fol, straight ( = 
Lat. rectus), S2, W ; ry3tfol, S2 ; ryjt- 
nolle, S2 ; r^tfnlnesse, righteousness, W ; 
riht-nalf, right side, S; ri;tnalf, Wa; 
ri3tnesse, justice, S2 ; rint-wis, righteous, 
S; riontwise, S; ry3twys,Sa; rigntwis, 
v. to justify, H ; rintwisnesse, righteous- 
ness, S ; ryBttwisnesse, Sa ; ri3twisnesse, 
W ; riffntwisenes, Sa ; rygntwisnesse, 
C3.— AS. riht. 

Ryghte, sb. right, law, equity, Cath. ; 
ri3t, S2 ; ri3te, S, S2 ; ri;tes, //., Sa ; 
ry;tes, gen. as adv., rightly, immediately, 
Sa; rijttes, Sa. Phr.: to pe ri3ttes, 
exactly, Sa ; at alle riffbtes, C; raid 
rihte, rightly, S; mid rinten, S ; wipj> 
rihhte, S. 

Ryme, sb. hoar-frost, H, Prompt. 
Comb. : ryme-frost, hoar-frost, HD. — AS. 
1 Ryme, sb. rime, verse, poetry, Prompt., 


S, PP; rym, Ca, C3; rime, S; rymes, 
pi., rimes, ballads, PP, Ca. Phr. : on his 
rime, in his turn, S.— OF. rime, rym; 
OHG. rim, number ; cp. AS. rim. 

Hymen, v. to rime, Prompt., S3, Ca, 
C3. — AF. rimer (rymer). 
Byming", sb. the art of riming, Ca. 

Bymthe, sb. room, leisure, Prompt. 
See Bowm. 

Bynen, v. to touch, H. Der. : riner, 
the quoit that touches the mark, HD.— AS. 
hrinan, OS. hrinan; cp. OHG. rtnan 

Bynge, sb. a circle, annulus, Prompt. ; 
rynffes, //., PP ; rlng-es, C3. Comb. : 
ring-\e9Aer,praesultor, Manip. ; the person 
who opens a ball, HD, NQ (5. 1. 146); 
ryng--sanffis, songs adapted for circular 
dances, S3. — AS. hring, Icel. hringr. 

Byngen, v. to ring, Prompt ; rlnffes,,S; Tong,pt.s., C3; range,//., S 
(19. 1273) ; i-rnnge,//., S.— AS. ringan, 
pt. s. rang (pi. rungon), pp. rungen. 

Byngis, ^.//. reigns, S3 ; see Regno. 

Byngis,/r.//. reigns., S3 ; see Begnen. 

Bys, j£. twig, branch, branches, Sa, G 

(s. v. woode), CM ; rls, $, CM ; ryss, S3 ; 



ryse, Cath., S3. Comb.: rise-bushes, 
sticks cut for burning, DG. — AS. hris ; cp. 
Icel. hris, G. rets. 

Bysen, v. to rise, PP, Ca; rlss, B; 
rlsand,/r./., S2 ; rlseand, Sa ; rls, imp., 
S; rlst, pr. s. t C3; ros, pt. s., S, Ca ; 
roos, Ca, W; ralss, Sa, B; rasp, B; ri- 
sen,//., W ; rysen, W ; rise, Ca ; rysed, 
//. s. {weak), Sa. — AS. risan, pt. s. rds (pi. 
rison), pp. risen. 

Byshe, sb. rush, S3 ; see Bnsohe. 

Bysp, sb. coarse grass, S3 ; riap, JD. 
Cp. G. rispe, see Weigand. 

Byue, sb. shore, S.— OF. rive; Lat. 

Byue, adj. abundant, G ; see Byfe. 

Byn«l, sb. a wrinkle, SD. 

Byn«l«n, v. to wrinkle, HD, PP ; ryue- 
leden, //.//., PP; rineld, //., S3.— Cp. 
AS. rifelede (Lat rugosus), Eng. Studien, 
xi. 66 ; and Du. ruifelen. 

Byneling, sb. a wrinkling, W ; ryuel- 
ynges,//., wrinkles, Wa. 

Byn«n, v. to tear, rive, Sa, Ca, C3; 
rif, Sa ; ryfe, H.— Icel. rifa. 

Byner, sb. river, PP ; ryaere, Prompt, 
CM!; rlnere, S.— AF. rivere; Late Lat. 
riparia, seashore, bank, river. See Byue. 


Sa, so, as, S, Sa ; see 

Saaf, adj. healed, Sa ; see Sauf. 

Sabat, sb. sabbath, W; sabot, W; sa- 
toote, S2; sabotnls,//., Sa. — Lat sabbatum 
(Vulg.); Gr. eafifarov; Heb. shabbdth, 
rest, sabbath. 

Sabelino, sb. the sable, also the fur of 
the sable, S; sablyne, S.— OF. sabeline, 
from sable; Russ. sobole; cp. G. tobel. 

Sac, sb. crime, Sa ; see 8ak. 

Saccles, adj. guiltless, Sa. see Sakles. 

Sachel, sb. wallet, satchel, W, H (p. 
144). — OF. sachet; Lat saccellum (ace.), 
dimin. of saccus. See 8ak. 

Sacren, v. to consecrate, hallow, S, 
Prompt. ; y-saered, pp., S3. — OF. sacrer; 
Lat. sacrare. 

Sacristane, sb. sacristan, Cath. ; see- 
rlstonn, Voc. ; sexteyne, Prompt.; sex- 
teyn, Ca. — AF. secre stein, OF. saeristain, 
sexton (Cotg.) ; from Church Lat. sacrista 

Sad, adj. sated, over full, weary, satisfied, 
serious, firm, sober, discreet, grave, PP, Sa, 
S3, C, Ca, C3, W ; sead, S ; seed, S ; sadde, 
adv., S3 ; sadder, camp., more soundly (of 
sleep), PP.— AS. s<sd\ OS. sad, sated; cp. 
OHG. sat (Tatian) : Goth, saths; cp. Lat. 
satis; see Brugmann, § 109. 

Sadel, sb. saddle, C3 ; sadyl, Prompt. 
Comb. : sadel-bowe, saddle-bow, S. — AS. 

Sad«li«n, ?«. to saddle; sadelede, pt. 
s., S; sadeled,^., G.— AS. sadelian. 

Sadly, adv. seriously, S3, C, Ca,, C3; 
sadlier, comp., more heavily, PP; sad- 
loker, more soundly, Sa, PP. 

Sadnes, sb. stedfastness, soberness, dis- 
creetness, S3, WA ; sadnesse, Ca, P, W, 

Sad, sb. sea, S ; see See. 

Satcl&ail, «. to sicken ; sseolede, pt. s., 
S. See Sek. 

Sted, adj. sated, S ; see Bad. 



Baht, sahte ; see Saht, Sahte. 
Bsehtleden, pt. pi. reconciled, S ; see 

Btsres, pi. shears, S ; see Bones*. 
8»ri, adj. sorry, S ; see Bory. 
Batte, pt. s. set, S ; see Batten. 
Saw, sb. juice, S ; see Sewe. 
Bafferes, Safiris) see Bapnir. 
Saffron, v. to tinge with saffron, C3. 
Saffiroun, sb. saffron, Ca; aafirun, 
Prompt.; aaffran, SkD; safforae, S3. — 
AF. saffran. 
8afte, sb. pi. creatures, S ; see Behaft. 
Bag, Sagh, saw; see Seon. 
Saghe, sb. saw, saying, H ; see Sawe. 
Saghtel, 1 p. pr. pi. become reconciled, 
S2 ; see Santlien. 
Saht, adj. at peace, reconciled ; saint, 
S; sente,S; saut,HD; sanhte,//.,S.— 
— AS. saht; cp. Icel. sdttr. 
Sahte, sb. peace, reconciliation, S; 
■ante, concord, S; sauffhte, HD.— Cp. 
Icel. sdtt, concord. 

Sahtlien, v. to reconcile, to be recon- 
ciled, S, SkD (s.v. settle)', sa*tlen, SkD; 
sanation, SkD; saffntel, Sa; ssentlien, 
S; sa*till, WA; sagnetylle, HD.— AS. 

Sahtling, sb. reconciliation ; sa$tlyngr, 
S2 ; san^telynff, HD ; sanffhtelynffe, 
HD. See above. 

Sahtnen, v. to reconcile, to be recon- 
ciled, S ; sauntne, PP ; sauBtne, P. 

Sahtnessei sb. peace, reconciliation} 
S; sehtnesse, S; seintnesse, S.— AS. 

Sai^, saw ; see Seon. 

S&k, sb. sack, sackcloth, PP, Wa ; sek, 
Sa ; seek, S ; seokes, pi., S ; sakkes, PP. 
— AS. sacc ; Lat. saccus (Vulg.) ; Gr. a&tttcos 
(lxx); Heb. sag, probably of Egyptian 

8ak v sb. guilt, crime, cause, sake, Sa, B ; 
sake, S ; sac, Sa ; sakess,//., crimes, Sa. 
—Icel. sbk (stem saka-), a cause, charge, 
guilt, crime: Goth, sakjo (= i*6>xn) * C P« 
AS. sacu, OHG. sahha, 'causa' (Tatian). 

BakeS, pr. s. shakes, S ; see Betaken. 

Sakles, adj. guiltless, Sa ; sakless, B ; 
saooles, Sa ; saoolesli, adv., guiltlessly, 
Sa. — AS. saclias; cp. Icel. saklauss. 

Sal, sb. salt. Comb.: saL-armonlak, 
sal ammoniac, C3; sal-peter, saltpetre, 
C3; saL-preparat, prepared salt, C3; 
eal-tartre, salt of tartar, C3.— Lat. sal. 


Salad, sb. helmet, CM; aallet, ND, 
Sh.; *alettes,//.,RD(p.i663).— OF. salade 
(Cotg.); cp. Low Lat. salada (Ducange), 
Sp. celada (Minsheu). 

Said, pt. s. sold, Sa ; see Sellen. 

Sale, sb. hall, WA, S, HD.— Icel. sa/r; 
cp. AS. sal (gen. sales). 

Sale, sb. basket of willow-twigs for 
catching eels, etc., S3. See Salwe. 

SaleWis, sb. pi, willows, Wa; see 

Balm, sb. psalm, Sa, Wa ; psalme, H ; 
psalmes, pi., PP; salines, Sa. — Church 
Lat. psalmus (Vulg.) ; Gr. ^aA/*o> (Lxx). 

Salme, v. to sing psalms, Sa. 

Bait, sb. salt, Voc., S; sealte, dot., Sa. 
Comb. : salt-cote, a salt-pit, salina, Voc ; 
salte-cote, Cath., Voc.— AS. sealt. 

Salt, adj. salted, salt, salsus, SD ; Matte, 
Sa; salte,//., Ca. 

Salue, v. to salute, Ca, C3.— OF. saluer ; 
Lat. salutare. 

Salnyng, sb. salutation, C. 

Salue, sb. salve, ointment, Ca, PP; 
sallfe, H (p. 184).— AS. seal/-, cp. G. 

Salwe, sb. a kind of willow, a sallow, 
SkD, Voc. ; salwhe, Prompt ; salffhe, HD ; 
salewis, pi., Wa.— AS. sealh (Voc): 
OHG. salahd; cp. Lat. salic-em, Ir. sail, 
Gr. k\i«7j 9 W. helyg. 

8am .... Sam, conj. whether .... or, 

Same, adj. same, SkD ; lamyn, S3, B; 
saxnmyn, dot., Sa, B. — Icel. samr. 

Same, sb. shame, S ; see Schame. 

Samed, adv. together, SD ; somed, S ; 
somet, S. — AS. samod. 

Somen, adv. together, PP, S, Sa, H; 
saanenn, S ; samyn, H, B ; samxnyn, B. 
— Icel. saman ; cp. OHG. saman (Tatian). 

Samet, sb. a rich silk stuff, CM ; 
samyte, SkD ; samite, ND.— OF. samii ; 
Late Lat. examitum; Late Gr. k$&iuror; 
cp. G. samt, velvet, It. sciamito (Florio). 

Sarnie, v. to be ashamed, S; see 

Samm-tale* adj. pi. in harmony, S. 

Samnien, v. to unite; somnen, S; 
sammnesst, a pr. s., S ; 1-somned, pp., 
S ; aanined, Sa ; samened, Sa ; s&mynd, 
H. — AS. samnian. 

Samon, sb. salmon, Sa ; see Saumon. 

Sand, sb. sand, PP ; see Bond. 

Sand, sb. a gift, Sa ; see Bond. 


Sanderbodes, sb. pi. messengers, S ; 
see Bonder. 

Sa&g, sb. song, S, S3 ; see Bongs: 

Sang , sb. blood. Comb. : sank royall, 
Wood royal, S3 (14. 490). — OF. sane, 
sang; Lat. sanguinem. 

Saagwine, a#. blood-red, S3;, san 
win, C ; sangwane, blood colour (in he- 
raldry), S3.— AF. sanguine; Lat. sangui- 

Sans, /*?/. without, C3 ; sans, S2, PP ; 
sann, HD. C<?»*£. : sann fall, without 
fail, HD. — OF. sans, senz ; Lat. sine, see 
BH, § 50. 

Sant, adj. and sb. holy, saint, S2 ; sante, 
S; sanct, B.— Lat. sarutus. Cf. Saint. 

Sanyt, pt. s. crossed himself, S2 ; see 

Sape, sb. soap, S ; see Boope. 

Saphir, sb. sapphire ; safirls, W (Apoc 
21. 19) ; sapnires,//., Ca, PP ; aaffaraa, 
P. — AF. safir, saphire; Lat. sapphirum 
(ace.) ; Gr. <iaw<l>cipos ; Heb. sappir. 

Sapience, sb. Wisdom, i. e. the book so 
called, C2, P; wisdom, C3; sapiences, 
pi., kinds of intelligence, C3. — OF. sapience ; 
Lat sapientia. 

Sar, Sare, Sair; see Bora. 

Sarce, sb. sieve, Cath., Palsg. ; aearoa, 
Cotg. (s.v. tamis) ; aaraa,Cath. (n); aars, 
Cath. («).— OF. sas, a searce (Cotg.), saas: 
Sp. ceddzo (Minsheu) ; Lat setaceum, from 
seta, hair on an animal. See Say. 

Sarce, v. to sift, Palsg. ; sears*, Cath. 
(»). — OF. sasser. 

Sari, adj. sorry, S ; see Scry. 

Sark, sb. shirt, S3 ; see Bark. 

SarmoTLn, sb. sermon, P; see Barmonn. 

Satein, sb. Saturnus, SD. Comb.: 
Sateres-dal, Saturday, S; Baterdei, S; 
seterday, PP; ssstterdsn, S; saterday, 
PP ; setnrday, PP. 

Battel, v. to subside, Sa, S3 ; see Betlen. 

Sanf, adj. safe, healed, made whole, S2, 
C3, P ; sanff, Sa ; aaf, Sa ; aaaf, Sa, W ; 
mnaf,prep., save, except, C ; aana, Ca, C3 ; 
sanlfe, S3; sanfllehe, adv., safely, Sa; 
sanfiy, C, Ca, PP; sanely, H. Comb.: 
sanlfe-garde, safe-keeping, S3 ; salffeard, 
S3.— AF. sauf, OF. sal/; Lat. saluum. 

Saugh, saw ; see Been. 

Saughte, v. to be reconciled, G. See 

Sanle, sb. soul, S ; sawl, S; saull, S3 ; 
saulen, pi., S ; see Bonle. 



Sannion, sb. salmon, Voc ; salmond, 
B ; samon, Sa ; sainowne, Prompt — OF. 
saumun, salmon ; Lat. salmonem. 

Sanmplarie, sb. example, instructor, 

Samnple, sb. example, PP, Wa, HD. 

Sanmpler, sb. exemplar, pattern, W. 

Sanndyner, sb. the fatty substance 
floating on glass when it is red-hot in the 
furnace, Sa ; sawndevere, HD ; sandrrer, 
Cotg.— OF. suin de verre, the sweating of 
glass (Cotg.) ; suin or suint, from suinter, 
to sweat, as stones in moist weather ; na- 
salised from OTeut base swit, whence G. 
schwitzen, to sweat. 

Sanaefleme, sb. the scab, salsumflegma, 
C (p. 1 40). Der. : sansenemad, adj., having 
pimples on the face, HD ; sawoenem, pim- 
pled, C, CM. — Late Lat salsum jlegma. 

Sant. sb. assault, H, PP; sante, H; 
sawt, B. — OF. saut, a leap ; Lat solium. 

Saute, v. to leap, PP.— OF. sauier, 
saultcr ; Lat saltare. 

Sauter, sb. a musical instrument, psalter, 
psalms, Sa ; sawtar, Voc. ; sawtre, Voc ; 
santre, Wa ; psanter, PP ; psantere, H 
(p. 3). Comb. : sawtere-boke, Voc.— OF. 
sautier (Bartsch), psanltier ; Church Lat 
psalterium ; Gr. ipaKrfipiov. 

Sauvaciouil, sb. salvation, Sa, S3, C3, 
P. — AF. safoacioun ; Lat. salvationem. 

San^tne, v. become reconciled, P ; see 

Sane, prep, save, Ca ; see SanC 

Saueine, sb. savin, sabine, SkD ; saw- 
ana, S3. — AS. safine; L&tsabind; cp. OF. 
sabine, savinier, the savine-tree (Cotg.). 

Sauete, sb. safety, PP ; sanyte, Sa ; 
safte, P.— AF. sauvete ; Late Lat. salvita- 

Save, sb. the herb sage, C ; see 8awg*e. 

Savour, sb. savour, smell, pleasantness, 
pleasure, P, Ca, C3, WW.— OF. saveur; 
Lat. saporem. 

Savonren, v. to have a pleasant taste, 
to give an appetite to, Sa, P ; sanere (* 
Lat. sapere), to have a taste, perception, W; 
saner, Sa, WW, CM.— AF. savourer. 

Sawe, sb. a saw, saying, Sa, C, C3 ; 
saffhe, H ; saffhes, //., H ; saghs, Sa ; 
sawes, Sa, P. — AS. sagu. 

Sawe, v. to sow, S ; see Bowen. 

Sawge, sb. the herb sage, Prompt. ; 
salge, Cath.; save, C, HD.— OF. sauge; 
Lat saluia ; cp. Low Lat salgia (Cath.). 



Say, pt. s. saw ; see Seon. 

Say, sb. silk, WA. — OF. seie; Sp. seda; 
Lat. seta, bristle. Cf. Bare*. 

Sayne, sb. a net, WA. — OF. seine ; 
Lat. sagena ; Gr. ffay^vrj ; cp. Olr. sen. 

Sayntuaryes, sb. pi. relics, S3 ; see 

Sa5, //. s. saw ; see Seon. 

Sailed,//, s. settled, S2 ; see Setlen. 

Sa^tlyng, sb. reconciliation, S2 ; see 

Sc-. For many words beginning with sc-, 
see Boh-. 

ScaB, she, S ; see Sheo. 

Scarp, adj. sharp, S ; see Scharp. 

Scandlic, adj. disgraceful, S. See 

Scaplorye, sb. a kind of scarf, Prompt ; 
scaplory, scapelory, Cath., S ; scaplorey, 
Voc. ; scapelary, Prompt. ; chapolory, 
S3 ; scaplery, Cath. (n) ; scapnlarye, 
Cath. {n) ; soopelarie, Cath. (»).— Church 
Lat. scapulare. from scapula, shoulder 

Scarl, sb. scare-crow, bugbear, HD ; 
■carle, Cath. 

Scarren, v. to scare, SD ; see Skerren. 

Scars, adj. scarce, SD ; scarce, Prompt; 
scarsliche, adv., scarcely, SD; scarslych, 
sparingly, S2 ; scarsly, parsimoniously, 
C, Prompt. ; scaraeli, W. — AF. escars ; 
Late Lat. excarpsum. 

Scarset&, sb. scarcity, C3 ; scarste, S2. 
— OF. scharsett (Ducange). 

ScarsneS86 f sb. scarceness, Prompt. 

Scarth, sb. sherd, H ; skarth, JD.— 
Icel. skartf. Cf. Scherde. 

Scat, st. treasure, S.— AS. sceat: OS. 
skat; cp. OHG. scaz (Tatian). 

Sca8e, sb. harm, S, C2 ; schathe, S2 ; 
skalth, S3; skathe, C, G; scath, WA; 
skath, H.— Icel. skatii; cp. OHG. seado 

Scean, //. s. shone, S ; see Schynen. 

Sceappend y sb. creator 9 S; see Sehep- 

Seel, shall, S ; see Sohal. 

Sceolde, should, S ; see Scholde. 

Scewie, imp. pi. let us see, S ; see 

Schade,^. shade, shadow, WA ; sehad- 
owe, Prompt; schadewe, S; shadwe, 
C2, C3. Phr. : in ssede, darkly, 52.— 
AS. sceadu (stem sceadwa) : OS. skado ; cp. 
OHG. scato (Tatian). 


Schaft, sb. shape, make, form, creature, 
S, S2 ; sohafte, PP ; shafte, PP ; sceppe, 
S2 ; schafte, pi., S ; safte, S ; sseppes, 
S2.— AS. {ge)sceaft. a 

Schakaris, drops of dew hanging : 
down, S3. I 

Schaken, v. to shake, Prompt ; Make, » 
S2 ; sake*,/r. s., S ; schok, pt. s., S, S2 ; 1 
schake, pp., C. — AS. sceacan, pt. sede, pp. | 
s ecu en. \ 

Schal, 1, s. shall, S ; sceal, S ; 
■oal, S ; sceol, S ; seel, S ; schel, Sa ; 
Mel, S2 ; shal, S, S2, C2, C3 ; sal, S, Sa ; 
sail, H; sale, S2 ; salt, 2 pr. s., Sa ; 
■salt, S2 ; schulen, //., S ; schnllen, S, 
S2 ; schulle, S ; schnllep, S ; sohule, S ; 
scnlen, S ; sohnln, C ; scnllen, S ; scale, 
S; shnlen, S; shnllen, C3; shulle, S; 
shul, S2, C3 ; shule, S2 ; sulen, S ; snle, 
S; sullen, S; snlle, S; scholle, S2 ; 
sholen, S ; shole, S ; ssolle, Sa ; solle, 
S ; salle, S2 ; schaltow, salton, shalt 
thou, S2. Cf. Scholde. 

Schalk, sb. servant, man, WA ; schalke, 
S2. — AS. sceaic (Grein): Goth, skalks; cp. 
OHG. scale (Tatian). 

Schame, sb. shame, S, PP ; scheme, S ; 
shome, Sa ; scheome, S ; scome, , S ; 
■same, Sa ; same, S. — AS. sceamu. 

Schamefast, adj. modest, C. 

Schamefastnesse,^- modesty, C,W. 

Schamelich, adj. shameful ; schome- 
lich, S, Sa ; shamelidie, adv., S ; sham- 
lie, Sa. 

Schamien, v.\o shame, to be ashamed, 
S, W ; shame, Sa ; ssame, Sa ; sarnie, S. 

SchamyUe, sb. stool, Cath.; shamel 
( =Lat. scabellum), H ; schamel, Cath. (») ; 
sohambylle, macelhim, Cath. ; shambles, 
pi., Sh. — AS. scamel (Mt. 5. 35), scamol, 
sceamul (Voc.) ; Lat. scamellutn ; cp. OF. 
scamel (Ps. 109. 1), also Lat scabellum, 
from stem scam- in scamnum. See NQ (5. 
5. 261). 

Schap, sb. shape, PP, C, W2 ; snap, S, 
Ca ; schapp, Sa ; schappe, PP; scheape, 
S ; shappe, PP.— AS. (ge)sceap. 

Schapen, v. to form, create, ordain, 
refl. to dispose oneself, endeavour, S, C, 
PP, S3 ; shape, PP ; sohop, pt. s., S, Sa ; 
shop, S; shoop, Ca; scop, S; sop, S; 
sohope, Sa ; shope, Sa, H ; schapen, pp., 
C; shopen, S, Sa, Ca ; shape, Ca ; 7. 
sohape, Sa ; yshapen, Ca ; yshape, C3. 
— AS. xa&apan, pt. sc6p (sciop), pp. sceapen. 

Schapien, v. to create, form ; scheplen, 


S; » ohaplde, //. s., W; ■haprt, pp., S. 
Cf. Bobeppen. 

Schaply, *#. fit, C. 

Schaplynesse, sb. beauty, Wa. 

Scharp, a#. sharp; sofcarp*, S; 
aohexpe, S ; scflsrp, S ; scn*rp«, adv., S ; 
ahaxpe, Ca. — AS. scearp, 

Scharpin, v. to make sharp ; «dierpit, 
//. *., S3. 

Schaven, v. to shave, scrape, PP; 
schauyde, //. j., Wa ; ahaxun, pp., S; 
schave, C ; y-schaue, S2 ; y-sfcaue, Ca ; 
iscfcaven, S. Zkr. : shaning, a thin 
slice, C3. — AS. sceafan, pt. scty pp. scafen. 

Schawe, j£. a shaw, wood, grove, Sa, 
G, S3, HD, Cath.; sohaw, WA, B; 
sofcowe, HD; shawei, //., PP. — AS. 
scaga ; cp. Icel. skdgr. 

Schawen, v. to shew, S, Sa, S3; see 

Schawere, sb. a vei', S; soawere, 
mirror, S; s»eawer«,S2; goh«w*r«,WA. 

Schawles, sb. scare-crow, an appear- 
ance, S; ■ch*welle«, ND; mw*U, HD. 
— From the same root as G. scheuche. See 

Sche, she, C ; see Sheo. 

Scheawen, v. to appear, Sa; see 

Schede, sb. the parting of a man's hair, 
Cath. ; see Bohode. 

Scheden, v. to separate, to part the 
hair, to shed, poor, S, PP, Wa ; Blusd«n]i, 
S; Sweden, PP; shode, HD; MlMdd*, 
pt. s., PP; shedd*, Ca; shadd«, Ca ; 
ssedde, Sa ; l-sotod, pp., S; shad, S.— 
AS. sciadan, pt. sciod, pp. sciaden; cp. 
OHG. skeidan (Tatian), G. scheiten. 

Scheef 9 sb. sheaf, Prompt. ; nhmt, C ; 
lohof, Prompt. ; scheffe, Prompt. ; shwf- 
tmm, pl. y S.—AS. sctaf. 

Sclieep, sb. sheep, Prompt; snap, S; 
schepe, Cath. ; pi., Sa ; shep, S ; Np, S. 
—AS. sciap. 

Scheep 9 sb. shepherd, Sa, PP ; sh«p«, 
P ; shep, PP ; chep, PP, Notes (p. 458.)— 
AS. *sciapa {scipa). 

Scheld, sb. shield, S, C, Wa ; sheld, S; 
Meld, Sa ; scheeld, C ; slul, S ; scheelde, 
Prompt. — AS. scield, scyld. 

Schelden, v. to shield, PP ; gohllden, 
S, G ; snllden, Ca ; sUden, S. 

Schelder, sb. shielder, Sa. 

Scheltroun, sb. shelter, defence, a 



strong shield, also a body of troops, bat- 
talion, PP ; ftoheltron, Prompt. ; schel- 
tron«, acUs, Voc. ; scheltrom, PP, Sa ; 
scheltrun, Wa ; shultrom, PP ; sohU- 
tnun, B ; ohildrome, B ; Jeltron, shield, 
shelter, SkD (s.v. shelter). — AS. scild~ 
truma, a shield-troop (Leo) ; cp. AF. chil- 

Schench, sb. draught of beer or wine, 
SD ; senche, S ; schenche, dat., S. — Icel. 
skenkr, the serving of drink. 

Schenchen, v. to poor out beer or 
wine, to offer a good thing, S, CM ; ftben- 
ohen, Sa ; schenkyn, Prompt. — AS. 
scencan, to pour out drink (Grein); cp. 
OHG. scenken (Otfrid), Icel. skenkja; 
from AS. sccanc, shank, a hollow bone used 
for drawing off liquor. See SkD (s.v. 

Schenden, v. to harm, ruin, disgrace, 
PP, S, Sa, Wa, S3 ; «n*nden, PP, Ca, H ; 
soenden, S; ss«nd«, Sa ; sende, S; 
sfcende, pt. s., S ; sohente, S ; schent, 
pp.,S, Sa, C, Wa, G; «lient, PP, Ca.— 
AS. scendan. See flohond*. 

Schendfal, adj. disgraceful, SD; 
■c h endfhllloha, adv., PP ; shendfulliohe, 

SchendlaO, sb. disgrace, S. 

Schendschip, sb. disgrace, hurt, ruin ; 
■dMnsehip, W, Wa; sch«nsMp, H; 
schenslL«p«, PP. 

Scfane, adj. bright, S, Sa, S3, C ; 
■oene, Sa ; ■cbtyn, S3 ; shone, Ca, S3 ; 
ihMne, Sa, S3, C3 ; schenre, cotnp., S. — 
AS. seine : OS. sk6ni; cp. OHG. scdni 

Sctaome, sb. shame, S ; see Schame. 

Sch.eot 9 /r. s. shoots, S; see Seheten. 

Sch«pie6, imp. pi. shape, S; see 

Sohepne, sb. shed, stall, stable, C; 
schepjn, bostar, Voc; shippen, HD; 
•ohyppune, Voc. ; shepnes, pL, CM. — 
AS. scypen, * bovile ' (Voc.). Cf. Sohoppe. 

Scheppen, v. to create, form, SD; 
uohujfte, pt. s. t S. — AS. sceppan, scyppan. 

Scheppende, sb. creator; seeppende, 
S; seeppend, S; seeappend, S; efeep- 
pendei,//., S. 

Scheppere, sb. creator; sohappere, 
S; shepper, PP.— Cp. OHG. sceppheri 
(Otfrid), G. schopfer. 

Scherald, adj. cut by the plough-share, 



Scherde, sb. sherd, Prompt. 

Schere, sb. shears, C ; short, Ca, PF; 
ss»ss,//., S. 

Schere, v. to shear, S3, S2 ; soharsn, 
S; shsrsn, to reap, cut, S, Ca ; scorn, 
//., S2; soren, S; y-sehors, Sa. — AS. 
sceran (scieran), pt. J«ar (pi. sctaron), pp. 

Schere, 0#. pure, bright, clear, SD; 
sksrs, adp., SD; sker, clean, entirely, S. 
Comb. 1 Shere Jmradai, the Thursday in 
Holy Week, S. — Icel. s&cerr; cp. sklri- 
pdrsdagr, skir-dagr, names for Maundy 
Thursday. See Schyre. 

Scherpit, //. s. sharpened, S3; see 

Scherreue, sb. sheriff", G; see under 

Scherte, sb. shirt, C, Ca, PP, Voc; 
short*, PP ; shurte, SkD ; sohyxt, Voc ; 
shirts, SkD.— Icel. skyrta. 

Schete, sb. sheet, Prompt., P ; shsts, 
C3. — AS. scite, for scyte, see SkD. 

Scheten, v. to shoot, rush, S, Wa, 
Prompt. ; sehsste, G ; ssets, Sa ; sehut, 
Sa ; ■chute, B ; seheot, pr. s., S ; schot, 
pt. s. 9 Sa, B; sscet, Sa ; shote, //., Sa ; 
ishote, S; isoote, S; isscts, Sa.— AS. 
sctotatty pt. sctat (pi. scuton), pp. scoten. 

Scheter, sb. shooter, SD; sohstars, 
Prompt ; ssetar, Sa. 

Schethe, sb. sheath, W (Jo. 15. 11), 
Cath. ; shethe, Ca.-- AS. sdad; cp.OHG. 
skeidd (Tatian). 

Schetten, v. to shut, C3, Prompt.; 
schitte, G, Wa; schitte, pt, s., W; 
shotte, G, P; //., Ca, C3; schet,//., C, 
W; shet, C3 ; schit, W; ischet, G; 
y-sohstts, Sa, C3.— AS. scyttan. 

Schewen, v. to show, appear, S, PP, 
S3 ; scheawen, Sa ; seheauwsn, S ; 
sohswi, S, Sa ; sehaw, Sa, S3, S ; sosa- 
wen, S ; sosu, Sa ; seawsn, S ; shows, 
PP ; sheswsnn, S ; sssawy, Sa ; seawsn, 
S. — AS. sdawian, to see, also to make to 
see, shew : OS. skdwon, to look, see. 

Schey, adj. timid, shy, Prompt.; soeouh, 
SMD.~AS.schh. Cf.Eschewen, Schawles. 

Schide, sb. a splinter, WA. — AS. scide\ 
cp. G. scheitf see Kluge. 

Schifb, sb. shift, change; shift, Sh. 
Phr.: at a schlft, on a sudden, in a 
moment, Sa. 

Schifben, v. to change, shift, to part 
asunder, to divide, to discern, SkD ; schyf- 


tyn, Prompt. ; shifts, C3 ; soyft, pr. s., 
S ; shifts him, pt. s. t removed himself, PP. 
— AS. sciftan (scyftan), to divide. 

Schilden, v. to shield, S ; see Schel- 

Schip, sb. ship, S; sohup, S; sdpen, 
dot., S; schups, S; sips, S; sohupes, 
gen., S; schipss, pi., S; sohippes, S; 
scipen, S ; sipes, S ; sslpes, Sa. Comb. : 
sohip-hord; phr.x on schipbord, on 
board a ship, Sa ; ship-brechs, shipwreck, 
W; sohlp-man, shipman, C; shipmaa, 
Ca; scipenmonnen, pi. dot., S ; sfrfp-nol, 
shipful, Sa; schupsward, shipward, S; 
ship-wraoks, shipwreck, S3. — AS. scip. 

Schirchen, ». to shriek, S ; see Sohry- 

Schirmen, v. to skirmish, fence, S; 
sUrxnsn, S; skyrmes, pr. s., glides 
swiftly on flapping wings, Sa. — Cp. Du. 
schermen, to fence, from scherm, screen, 
protection, OHG. scirm, protection (Otfrid). 

Schitte, v. to shut, G ; see Schetten. 

Scho v sb. shoe, Wa ; schoo, C, Prompt. ; 
schon,//., Sa, S3 ; schone, S, W; sdtoon, 
Sa, W, G ; shoon, Ca, W ; shon, PP.— 
AS. scM f pi. scios t gen. pi. sdona. 

Scho, she, S3 ; see Sheo. 

Schod,^. shod, W, Prompt. ; shodde, 

Schode, sb. the parting of a man's hair, 
the temple or top of the head, C ; schood, 
CM.— AS. scdde, 'vertex capilli' (Grein); 
cp. G. scheitd. See Soheden. 

Schoggyn v v. to shake, toss, Prompt ; 
schogs, pr. s., WA ; sehoggid, pp~> W. 

Scholde, pt. s. should, S, Sa ; scolds, 
S ; scsolde, S ; sholds, S, Ca, C3 ; soulds, 
S ; schulde, S ; shulde, S, Ca, C3 ; sulde, 
S; suld, Sa; shuld, Sa; solds, S; sofcolts, 
S; soul, H; souls, H; Beholden,//., S; 
soolden, S; ssolds, Sa ; suld, Sa. — AS. 
scolde. See SohaL 

SchoUe, shall, Sa ; see Sohal. 

Schome, sb. shame, S ; see Sch&me. 

Schomelich, adj. shameful, S; see 

Schon, pi. of Scho, q.v. 

Schon, pt. s. shone, C, G ; see Bchynen. 

Schonde, sb. disgrace, S ; shonde, Ca. 
— AS. scand (sceand), scond (OET). 

Schonye, v. shun, P ; see SohunleiL 

Schop, pt. s. created, S ; see Schapsn. 

Schoppe, sb. shop, Sa, Prompt, SkD. 
Cf. Schepne. 


Schore, sb. a notch or line cot, a num- 
ber, score, twenty, Sa, PP; soots, G, 
Prompt, PP. — AS. scor; cp. IceL shor, an 
incision. See Soheren. 

Schort, adj. short, Prompt.; sohorte, 
Sa ; boots, S, Sa.— AS. seeort; cp. OHG. 

Schorteliche, adv. briefly, C. 

Schorten, v. to make short, C, Prompt 

Schot, pt. s. rushed, Sa ; see Soheten. 

Schouel, sb. shovel, Prompt. ; showell, 
S3.— AS. scofl (Voc.). 

Sohowpe, sb. a hip, cornum, Cath. 
Comb.: schowpe-tre, the briar, Cath.; 
soope-tre, Cath. (*). 

Schowre, sb. shower, Prompt ; sohnr, 
SD; sfcoures, //., PP, Ca ; sores, S.— 
AS. sciir : Goth, skura. 

8cll OWWyii » v. to shove, Prompt 
sehowued,//., Sa. — AS. scqfian. 

Schowynge, sb. pushing, Prompt; 
showning, C3. 

Schraf,//. s. shrove, Sa; seeB ohr i nen . 

Schrapen, v. to scrape, PP. — IceL 

Schreden, v. to clothe, S ; seeBcaxou- 

Schreden, 7. to cut, Prompt; shredde, 
pt. s.y Ca.— AS. scriadian. 

Schredynge, sb. a cutting of herbs* 
Prompt. ; sohridyng, Wa. 

Schrenchen, v. to make to fall, to 
deceive, S ; sorenehe, S ; sorsmnkenn, S. 
—AS. {gt)scrcncan, ' supplantare,' Ps. 17. 
40 (VP) ; cp. OHG. scrcnken (Otfrid). 

ScllT^we, adj. and sb. wicked, bad, a 
wicked one, sinner, peevish woman, the 
devil G, Wa, Sa, P, S, CM ; sHrewe, Ca, 
P ; shrew, S3, H, Sa, C3 ; sorewe, PP. 
Cp. AS. scriawa* a shrew-mouse (Voc). 

Schrewen, v, to curse, CM, C. 

Schrewid, adj. cursed, bad, W, Wa. 

Schrewidnesse, sb. wickedness, Wa ; 

shrewednesse, P. 

@Chrift, sb. shrift, confession, Sa ; 
serift, S; sohrifte, dot., Sa ; shrifte,S.— 
AS. serift. 

Schrifte, sb. confessor, S ; shrifte, S ; 
scrifte, S. 

Schrippe, sb. scrip, bag, Sa, PP; 
shrippe,PP; serippe,S,Sa,W; soryppe, 

Schriuen, v. to prescribe penance, to 
confess, S ; sohryue, Sa ; shrine, S ; 
strife, Sa ; sohraf, //. s>, Sa ; sohrof, 



PP; serine, pi., Sa; shrine*, pp., S; 
shrynen, P; seriuea, Sa ; y-shryue, PP. 
— AS. scrlfan, to prescribe penance, to 
receive confessions ; Lat scribere. 

Schrond, sb. dress, garment, PP; send, 
S; shrud, S; mid, S; schroude, WA, 
Sa ; shroiides,//., rough outer clothes, P. 
— AS. scnld (Voc). 

Schxtmden., v. to clothe ; scrmden, S ; 
schrnden, S ; schreden, S ; strut, /r. s., 
S; sored, S; sohrowdis, S3; sohredde, 
pt. j„ S, CM ; arid, S ; seared, a pt. s. f 
Sa ; soaradde,//., S ; y-schrowdyt, pp., 
S3; isoarad, S; iscrod, S.— AS.scrydan t 
also scridan. 

Sd&rydieilf 9. to shriek, screech, 
Prompt; soarlkea, SkD ; soriken,SkD; 
sarlkea, SkD ; sohlrohen, S ; shryghte, 
pt. s., Ca ; soarlfhte, C ; saryffAt, S3 ; 
sarycaed, pi., S3 ; soarykede, C— Cp. 
SwecL skrika. 

Schulde, should; see So hol d e . 

Schuldere, sb. shoulder, Voc., W, S, 
C ; shatter, Voc. 5 ssoldrea, //., Sa.— 
AS. sculdor. 

Schnlen, shall ; see Sohal. 

Sdrolen, v. to squint, S ; skoal, SkD 
(s.v. scowl). — Cp. Dan. sknle, to scowl. 

Schulle, **>• shrilly, S ; see Sohylle. 

Sclninohen, v. to cause to shun, to 
frighten, S. 

ScllTUUen, v. to shun, S ; sohonye, S ; 
shonye, P ; suaea, S.— AS. salmon. 

Schup, sb. ship, S ; see Schip. 

Schnppere, sb. creator, S ; see Sohep- 

Schupte,//. s. created, S ; seeBoheppea. 

Scaur, sb. shower ; see Soaowre. 

Scliarge, sb. scourge, S ; see Soorffe. 

Schurteii, v - ™fax. to amuse (one* 
self), S. 

Schut, v. to shoot, Sa ; see Soheten. 

Schvlle. adj. sonorous, shrill, Prompt, 
CathTsobille,S,Sa; sohiU,S3; sohille, 
adv., S, Sa ; seaulle, S ; saulle, PP. 

Schylly, adv. sharply, Prompt. 

Schyllynge, sb. shilling, Prompt.; 
sohllling, pt., Sa ; solidus, Cath. — AS. 

Schyne, sb. shin, C; schynne, Prompt. 

Comb. : soaya-boae, Voc. — AS. scina 

Schynen, v. to shine, Prompt. ; sinen, 

S ; scaiaea, S ; ssynen, Sa ; soean, //. s„ 

S; scaoa,C,G; shooa,Ca sohane, pi., 



S3, H; linen, //., S.— AS. sdnan, pt 
scdn (pi. sdnon), pp. sdnen. 

Schyuyng, sb. lightning, Wi. 

Schynyngli, adv. splendidly, W. 

Schyre, sb. a shire, PP; ssire, Sa. 
Comb. : sohir-rene, shire-reeve, sheriff, S, 
C ; scherreue, G ; scnyreue, P ; syrreue, 
S ; schirreues,//., Sa, PP ; shrines, S3 ; 
snlrenes, P.— AS. sdr. 

Schyre, ad/ bright, clear, Prompt.; 
schlre, Sa ; sure, H ; shir, S ; shyrest) 
superl., H. Der. : shyrnes, clearness* 
purity, H.— AS. sdr; cp. Goth, shrift. Cf. 

Schytel, sb. shuttle, used for shooting 
the thread of the woof between the threads 
of the warp, SkD; sohutylle, Cath.; 
schetyl, Prompt, (p. 470). Comb. : shyttel- 
oocke, shuttle-cock, S3. See Boheten. 

Schyue, sb. a slice, small piece, Prompt. ; 
snlve, Sh., JND ; sheeve, ND, JD ; schyfes, 
bits of tow, Cath.— Cp. Icel. skifd. 

Schynere, sb. a shiver, piece of wood, 
slice, Prompt.; shiner, SkD; soifren, 
//., SkD ; sciuren, SkD. See above. 

Schyneren, v. to break into shivers, 
splinters, C. 

Scipen,//. ships, S ; see Schip. 

Scite, sb. city, S ; see Citee. 

Sclate,^. slate, Prompt; sklat, Prompt.; 
solattis, pi., tegulae, W.— OF. esclat, a 
shiver, splinter, something broken off with 
violence (Cotg.), F. ictot. 

Sclanndre, sb. scandal, slander, Ca, 
PP ; solaunder, Prompt. ; sklaundre, 
PP ; slaunder, Prompt— AF. esclaundre, 
OF. escandle; Lat. scandalum (Vulg.); 
Gr. aicavhaXov. 

Sclanndre, v. to scandalize, to slander, 
W, C3 ; slaunderyd*//., Prompt 

Sclanyne, sb. pilgrim's cloak, S, Cath. 
(») ; slaveyne, a garment, Prompt* HD ; 
slavyn, Cath. ; sklavyn,HD; solanayn, 
Voc. ; sclavene, Voc; slaneyn, PP.— 
Low Lat. sdavina, a long garment like that 
worn in Slavonic countries (Ducange) ; cp. 
AF. esdavine; from the people called 
Slav, a name said to be connected with 
Russ. slovo, a word, and to mean ' the speak- 
ing, the intelligible.' See SkD (p. 828). 

Sclender, adj. slender, C, SkD ; sklen- 
dre, C, Ca ; slendyr, Prompt.— OF. es> 
dendre (Palsg.); of Teutonic origin; cp. 
ODu. slinder; see BH, § 50. 

Scleyre, sb. veil, PP; see Sklayre. 


SCO, she, S ; see Sheo. 
Scolden, should ; see Seholde. 

Scole, sb. the bowl of a balance, a bowl, 
Prompt; sooale, S; scale, Cath.— Icel. 
sk&l, a bowl. 

Scale, sb. school, S, C, Ca, Prompt. 
Comb. : scol-meistre, schoolmistress, S 
(meistre; OF. mristre; Lat. magistra, sec 
BH). — Lat. schola ; Gr. crxoAi}, leisure. 

Seder, sb. scholar, C. 

Scoleye, v. to attend school, to study, C. 

Scop,//, s. made, S ; see Bohapen. 

Scorclen, v. to scorch, SkD (p. 826) ; 
scorkelyn. Prompt.; scorklyd, pp., 

Scorcnen* v. to scorch, S. 

SCorge, sb. scourge, Prompt. ; scourge, 
W (Jo. a. 15) ; schurffe, S.— AF. escorge, 
OF. esturge ; cp. It. scoreggia (Florio) ; Lat. 
ex + corrigia, a thong, rein, girdle (Ducange), 
see Diez, p. 109. Derived from this Lat. 
corrigia is AF. escurgie, OF. escourgee 
(Cotg.): It. scoreggidta (Florio) ; Late Lat 
excorrigiata, see Diez, p. 389, and Brachet. 

Scorn,//, shorn, Sa ; see Schere. 

Sconte, sb. scout, spy, SkD.— OF. 
escoute (Cotg.). 

Sconten, v. to scout, pry; skowtes, 
pr. s. t Sa.— AF. escouter, to listen; OF. 
ascoutcr, escolter ; Lat. auscultate. 

Scowkyng, sb. sculking, ambush, Sa, 
B. — Cp. Dan. skulke, to slink. 

Scred,/?-. s. clothes, S ; see Schrcraden. 

Scrippe, sb. scrip, bag, S, Sa, W; see 

Scriptonr, sb. pencase, S3.— OF. es- 
criptoire, a penner (Cotg.); Late Lat 
scriptorium, pencase (Ducange). 

Scrit, sb. writing, document, Sa ; scrip, 
Sh. ; script, SkD.— OF. escrit, escript ; 
Lat. scriptum. 

Scrud, sb. dress, S ; see Schrond. 

Scrnden, v to clothe, S; see Schronden. 

Scnlde, should ; see Scholde. 

Scnlptilis, sb. pi. idols, Wa.— Lat. 
sculptile, a carved image (Vulg.). 

8e,pron. dem. m. and def. art. m. that, 
the, S. Comb. : se ]>e, that man that, he 
who, S; se pet, he that, S.— AS. se. Cf. 

Se, so, as, S ; see I 

Se, sb. sea ; see See. 

Se, sb. see ; see See. 

Sead, adj. satiated, S ; see I 


Sealte, sb. dot. salt, Sa ; see Salt. 

Sealte, adj. salt) S2 ; see Salt. 

Searce, Searse ; see Saree, sb. and v. 

Seare, adj. sere, S3 ; see Seere. 

Seawede,// s. showed, S ; see Bonewen. 

Sechen, v. to seek, S, S2, C, PP; 
sekyn, Prompt.; seke, PP, S, S2 ; sehecnen, 
S; sonte,//..r.,S,S2; se3te,S; se3t,S2; 
soght,//., S2 ; sooht, S3 ; y-soht,//., S2. 
Phr. : to seke, at a loss, S3.— AS. stcan 
(pt. sdhte, pp. gesShf) : OS. sdkian. 

Seek, j. sack, S ; see Sak. 

Secre, adj. secret, S2, C, C3 ; secree, 
C2. Comb. : Secre of Seerees, Secreta 
Secretorum (name of a book), C3.— OF. 
secre; Lat. secretum. 

Secrely, adv. secretly, C2. 

Secrenesse, sb. secrecy, C3. 

Secte, sb. a suite, following, sect, religion, 
suit, apparel, PP, C2.— OF. secte (Cotg.) ; 
Late Lat. secta, a set of people, a following, 
a suit of clothes, a suit in law ; Lat. secta t 
a faction, from sec- base of sequi, to follow. 

Sectonr, sb. executor of a will, PP, S3, 
Cath. ; secatour, HD; lecture, HD; 
seketowre, Prompt. ; secutonr, PP.— AF. 
executour ; Lat. executorem, executor of a 

Bed, sb. seed, PP, S, S2 ; seed, PP ; 
seod, PP ; set?, S. Comb. : seed-leep, seed- 
basket, PP.— AS. s<kd: Goth. seps; cp. 
OHG. sdt (Tatian) ; see Brugmann, § 75. 
Sede,//. s. said ; see Seffffen. 
See, sb. see, seat, S3, C2, PP ; se, S3, PP. 
—OF. se, sed; Lat. sedem. 
See, sb. sea, Prompt, S, C2 ; se, S, S2 ; 
sey, S3; sa, S; sa, S; sees, pi., Sa. 
Comb. : se-bare, sea- wave, surge, S2 ; se» 
calnes, sea-calves, seals, Sz ; se-halnes, 
sea-coasts, S2.— AS. s<h : Goth, saiws. 
Seek, adj. sick, C ; see Sek. 
Seel, sb. seal, C3, P, Prompt. ; sehel, 
PP.— OF. seel; Lat. sigillum. 
Seeled, pp. cieled, WW (s.v. cieUd) ; 
see Oeelen. 

Seelen, v. to seal, PP ; selen, P ; seled, 
PP-> C3. 
Seeling, sb. a sealing, W2. 
Seere, adj. sere, dry, withered, SkD, 
Prompt. ; seare, S3.— AS. *star ; cp. Low 
G. soor, dry. 

Seeryn, v. to become dry, Prompt — 
AS. siarian. Cf. Soyr. 
Seet,/A s. sat, C, G ; see Sitten. 
Seet, sb. seat, G; see Sete. 

SEK. 201 

Seeth,//. s. boiled, C2 ; see Sethen. 

Seg, sb. a man, lad, nuncius, vir, S2, 
PP; Mm P,WA, HD; seffe, HD.— 
AS. secg: OTeut *sagjoz, see Sievers, 130. 

Sege, sb. seat, siege, S3, W, C, C2, 
Prompt. ; seffjs, pi., H. — AF. sege ; Late 

Lat. *sedicum, from Lat* sedes; see BH, 
§ 133- See See. 
Segen on, v. to make to sink, to cast 

down, S. — AS. on-s<kgan t ' prosternere * 

Sagged sedge, S, Prompt., Voc— AS. 

secg, sedge, also sword, see Sievers, 258. 
Seggen, v. to say, S, Sa, S3, P ; seffen, 

S ; s»ffen, S ; selg-en, S ; stiffen, S, S2 ; 

syffffe, S2, S3 ; sayn, S2, C ; iitf*e, S2 ; 

selen, S ; sele, S3, C ; sel, P ; s»in, S ; 

seyen, S ; sejm, S2, C2 ; se^en, S ; sels, 

S2 ; say, S2 ; seh$, pr. s., S ; selj>, S2 ; 

sey)), S2 ; say)>, S2 ; selstow, sayest thou, 

C3 ; selen, pr. pi, S2 ; sajde, //. s., S ; 

sade, S ; sede, S, S2 ; snide, S ; sayde, 

C2; seyde,C2; seide,S2,C; seldestow, 

saidst thou, S2 ; sngge, 2 pr. s. subj., S ; 

3e-sed,//., S; i-said, S ; 1-seffd, S; i-seid, 

S ; lsed, S, S2 ; seyd, C2 ; ysed, S2 ; Iset, 

S; iseit, S (3 b. 14); seyne, gerund., 

C2. — AS. secgan, pt. side^ pp. gesid. 
Sehte, adj. reconciled, S ; see Saht. 
Sehtnesse, s. peace, reconciliation, S ; 

see Sahtnesse. 

Sei, Seih, saw ; see Seon. 

Seily, adj. simple, humble, S3; see 


Sein, pp. seen ; see Seon. 

Seint, adj. and sb. holy, saint, S, S2, 
C2 ; seynt, PP; seln, S, S2 ; selntes,//., 
C2 ; seyntis, W2.— OF. seint, saint ; Lat. 
sanctum. Cf. Bant* 

Seintnarie, sb. sanctuary, SD ; seynte- 
warle, PP ; sayntnaryes, //., holy things, 
relics of saints, S3. — AF. saintuarie, also 
seintuarye s holy relics ; Lat. sanctuarium. 

Seir* adj. separate, S3 ; see Ser. 

Seirse, #• to search ; selrsand, pr. p., 
S3. See Cerohen. 

Seise, v. to seize, possess, SkD ; sese, 
PP, B ; seised, //., possessed of, S2. — 
OF. seisir, sesir, sazir, to put in possession ; 
Low Lat. sacire (Ducanjje) ; OHG. sazjan, 
to set, sezzan (Tatian); see Brachet (s. v. 

Seisine, sb. possession, S2; seysyne, 
SkD.— AF. seisine. 

Sek, s. sack, S2 ; see Sak. 

202 SEK. 

Sek, adj. sick, S, Sa ; seek, PP, C ; «ik, 
S, G; syk, G; sic, S; seke, S; sike, S, 
C ; syke, Sa ; sijke, W; sikly, adv., with 
ill-will, C2.— AS. afor : Goth, sinks. 

Seke, v. to seek, S, S2 ; see Seoben. 

Sekir, adj. sure, WA. ; see Biker. 

Seknesse, sb. sickness, S2, C; sec- 
nesse, S; siknesse, Ca; sykenesse, P; 
sekenesse, Sa. — AS. siocnes. 

Sel, ^- happiness, occasion, time, S ; 
seel, Prompt. ; sele, S2.— AS. s<kl. 

Sel, a#. timely, good, S.— AS. j// 
(Grein) : Goth. sels. 

Selde, adj. pi. few, C2 ; adv., seldom, S, 
S2, C, C2, G, PP; selden, S2, P; sel- 
dene, S2; seldum, S. Comb.: seld- 
bwonne, seldom, S; *eld-sene, rarely 
seen, SD ; seld-speebe, taciturnity, SD. — 
AS. se/d; see Sweet. 

Self, pron. self, ipse, S; seolf, S; silf, 
W; selue, S ; sulf, S, S2 ; sulve, S, S2 ; 
seine, S2 ; seolue, ace, S ; seoluen, //., 
S; sielfe, S; sulf, S.—AS. self. 

Selke, sb. silk, P ; sUke, P; seolke, S. 
— AS. seolc (Voc.) ; Rnss. sholk ; Lat. serv- 
cum ; cp. Icel. silki; see SkD (p. 828). 

Selkouth, culj. and sb. wonderful, a 
wonder, S2, H, PP; selcoutb, S2, S3, 
PP ; seloutb, S, S2,WA ; eelkow, Prompt. 
—AS. seld-atd. 
Selkonth, v. to make wonderful, H. 
Selle, sb. cell, C, P ; see Cell©. 
Sellen, v. to give, sell, Prompt., C; 

sullen, S, S2 ; sylle, S2 ; selde, pt. s., 

W ; seelde, W ; said, S2 ; seeld, pp., W, 

W2; seld, W; said, S2.— AS. sellan 

(syllan) : OS. sellian : Goth, saljan. 
Seller, sb. seller, dealer, PP; snller, 

S2 ; siller, W2. 
Seller, sb. cellar, G ; seler, Wa ; see 

Sellicb., adj. wonderful, illustrious, S; 

sellic, S ; seoUich, S ; snUiohe, adv., S ; 

selli, S2.— AS. sellic: OS. seldlik; cp. 

Goth, sildaleiks. 
Sel8e, sb. happiness, advantage, HD; 

selbtfe, S.—AS. (ge)s<kld. See Sel. 

Selnre, sb. canopy, ceiling, S3; seloure, 
HD ; selonr, EETS (78) ; oelure, EETS 
(78) ; silour, EETS (78) ; sylure, celatura, 
Prompt. ; sUlonre, WA; syllure, MD.— 
OF. *celeure\ Late Lat. caelatura (Du- 

Seiner, sb. silver, S, S2 ; see Siluer, 


Sely, adj. happy, blessed, simple, humble, 
S2, S3, C, C2, C3 ; »eely, S3 ; seUye, S3; 
sell, S.—AS. s<klig : OHG. s&lig (Tatian). 

Selyn, v. to line the inner roof of a 
room, Prompt. See Ceelen. 

Semblable, adj. like, S3, PP.-OF. 

Semblably, adv. similarly, S3. 

Semblance, sb. appearance, Sa.— AF. 

Semblaad, adj. like, PP. 

Semblant, sb. appearance, countenance, 
S, S2, C2 ; semWaunt, S, W, PP; sem- 
bland, S2.— AF. semblant. 

Semble, v. to seem ; sembeles, pr. s., 
S2.— OF. sembler; Lat. simulare. 

Semble, v. to assemble, PP ; tumbled, 
pt. s. t S2; semblyt, S3; semblyde, //., 
S3.— OF. asembler ; Late Lat. assimulare. 

Semble, sb. assembly, Sa, PP; semblee, 
S2. — AF. assemble, assemblee. 

Seme, sb. load, S, P ; seem, Prompt., P- 
—AS. sSam: Low Lat. sauma {salma), 
sagma; Gr. ffdyfia, a pack-saddle; see 
ZRP (2. 537), cp. Kluge (s.v. saum). 

Semen, v. to load, to be a weight, S. — 
AS. siman, from siam ; see above. 

Semen, V. to make two parties the 
same, to conciliate, hence to suit, to appear 

suitable or seemly, later, to seem, S ; seme, 

S2 ; seme, to reconcile, S ; semet, pr. s., 

seems fitting, S. Phr. : to my semlnffe, 

as it appears to me, C2. — AS. seman, ge- 

siman. See Some. 

Semi-, adj. half. Comb. : semy-eope, a 

short cope, C. 
Semliche, a(i J- seemly, Sa ; semeliobe, 

PP; semely, C, C2 ,WA; semlike, S; sem- 

ly, Sa ; semeli, Wa ; semlokest, superl., 

Sa.— AS. *simelic ; cp. Icel. samiligr. 
Sen, afterwards, since, H, Sa, S3, WA ; 

see Stiftfen. 
Sen, seven, H ; see Seuen. 
Sen, pp- seen ; see Seon. 
Sence, sb, incense ; see Sens. 
Senche, sb. draught, S ; see Scaencb. 
Senchen, v. to cause to sink ; senon* 

test, 2 pt. s., S.—AS. sencan, causal of 

sincan. See Sinken. 
Sendal, sb. a fine stuff, C ; sendel, H ; 

see Cendal. 
Senden, v. to send, S; sende, Sa; 

nenA, pr. s., S ; eent, S, Sa, Ca ; sent, Sa ; 

sendee, S ; sent, imp. s. y Sa ; sende, //. s. t 

S, Sa ; send, S3 ; //., Sa ; senten, Sa ; 


■end, pp., S; y-sent, S2, C3 ; i-eent, S ; 
i-eend, S ; i-»ende, S.— AS. sendan : OS. 
sendian : Goth, sandjan. 

Senden, are; see Slnden. 

Senden, v. to reproach, S ; see Scnen- 

Sene, adj. evident, S, S2, Ca. — AS. 

Sene,/A provided. Phr. : wen sene, 
well furnished, S3, HD. See Seen. 

Seneuey, ^- mustard, W ; seneueye, 
W; seneuel, W.— OF. *«*«?/, mnstard 
(Cotg.) ; an adjectival form from senve ; 
Lat. sinapi (Vulg.) ; Gr. civawi ; see Bra- 
chet (s.v. same). 

Sene^en, v. to sin; see Sunefen. 

Sengin, v. to singe, burn on the surface; 
seengyn, Prompt; seynd,^., C; seynkt, 
Prompt ; sengt, Prompt. — AS. sengan (in 
be-sengan), causal of singan, to sing. 

Sonne, ^- sin, S ; see Sonne. 

Sens, since, S3 ; see Sf95en. 

Sens, sb. incense, S3; senee, Prompt, 
Cath. ; sens*, PP.— AF. ensens, encens; 
Lat. incensum, lit. what is bumed (Vulg.). 

Sensing, sb. use of incense, S3 ; sen- 
cynge, Prompt. 

Sentence, sb. sense, meaning, opinion, 
matter of a story, verdict, C, C2, C3 ; ■en- 
tens, PP. — AF. sentence ; Lat. sententia. 

Seofe, seven, S ; see Senen. 

Seolf, self, S ; see Self. 

Seolke, sb. silk, S ; see Selke. 

Seollich, <a#. wonderful, S ; see Benton. 

Seoluer, sb. silver, S ; see Sillier. 

Seon, v. to see, S, PP ; seo, S, S2 ; 
seen, S ; sen, S ; se, S2, Wa ; imp. s., S ; 
pi., W ; see, may (God) see, Sa ; sest, 2 
pr. s., S ; slst, S, S2 ; slxt, S2 ; se$, pr. s., 
S ; seo]>, pl. t S2 ; se*, S2, P ; sel, 2 pt. s. t 
Sa ; seen, //. s., S ; sen, S, S2 ; sin, S2 ; 
SI3, S2, W; 873, S2 ; eye, S3; sy, C3; 
se5, S, S2 ; sey, S2, C2, G ; sei}, S2, S3 ; 
selffn, C; sein, G; seyh, G; sag;, S; 
saffh, S2 ; sanffh, S3, C, G ; sa*, S; san;, 
S; sawh,Sa;say,Sa,S3,C,W,G;say3, 
S2 ; saye, W ; sale, W ; sal;, W ; saw*, 
W; sinen,//., Sa; sy3en,Sa; selen,W; 
sei*en,W; seen,W; si;en,W; slen,W; 
syen,W; saien,W; sayn,W; saye,W; 
■eye, S2 ; seand, pr. p., S3 ; seynffe, Wa ; 
seyn, pp., Sa, C, W ; se;en, S2 ; sein, S2 ; 
sen, S; sele, S2 ; slen, W2 ; si*, W; 
say, W ; y-sei*en, PP ; y-sein, PP ; seen, 
get., S3 ; syenne, Sa. — AS. sion, pt. seah 



(pi. sdwon, s&gori), pp. sewen (sawen), also 
ge-segen. AS. sion (for *sehwon)i Goth. 
saihwan; cp. Lat sequ-or, I follow; see 
Brugmann, § 419. 
SeoS, are, S; see Sinden. 
Seouen, seven, S ; see Senen. 
Seowen, v. to sew, S ; see Sewen. 

Sep,//- sheep, S; see Scneep. 
Septexntrioun, sb. the North, Ca. — 
OF. seplentrion; Late Lat. septentrumem 
(Voc) ; from Lat. septemtriones, a name for 
the constellation of the Great Bear. 

Sepulture, sb. tomb, S3, C3 ; sepul- 
ture*, pi., burials, S3.— AF. sepulture ; 
Lat. sepultura. 

Ser, adj. separate, several, different, 
various,Sa,B; sere,Sa,H,WA; selr,S3,B. 
Der. : semes, variety, H ; semessis, pi., 
H ; sernesls, H ; serelepy, separate, WA; 
serelepes, separately, PP.— Cp. usages of 
Icel. ser, to himself, used in many com- 
pounds, as ser-liga, apart, particularly. 

Sercle, sb. circle, Wa ; see Cerole. 

Serewe, sb, sorrow, S ; see Sorwe. 

Serge* sb. a taper, Cath. ; see Cerge. 

Sergeant, sb. servant, Serjeant, C, Ca, 
C3 ; seriannt, P ; sergan*, //., S ; seri- 
anntes, Sa ; seriannts, P ; serlanns, Sa, 
PP.— AF. serjant; Lat. serutentem; see 
BH, § 163. 

Serk, sb. sark, shirt, PP, S, S3, G ; sark, 
S3 ; serke, P.— Icel. serkr. 

Sermone, v. to preach, speak, C3. 

Serntonyngy sb. preaching, C. 

Sermonn, sb. sermon, writing, Ca ; sar- 
monn, P.— AF. sermoun ; Lat. sertnonem. 

Sertes, adv. certainly, Sa ; see Oertes. 

Seruage, sb. servitude, thraldrom, Sa, 
C, Ca, C3, W, Prompt.— OF. servage. 

Seruin, v. to serve, to deserve, S, Sa ; 
sarnl, S; serne, H, PP; serwis, 2 pr. s., 
S3 ; serwlt, //. s., S3 ; y-served, pp., C, 
P ; i-serued, S.— AF. servir ; Lat. seruire. 

Sernisable, adj. serviceable, C3. 

Seruise, sb. service, S ; sernyse, Ca. — 
OF. servise; Lat. uruitium; see BH, 
§ 129. 

Sernitute, sb. servitude, Ca.— OF. ser- 
vitute ; Lat seruitutetn ; see Constans. 

Serwe, sb. sorrow, S ; see Sorwe. 

Serwish, adj. imperiosus, Manip. 

Serye, sb. series, C, CM.— Lat. seriem. 

SeryOWS, adj. 'sad and feythefulle,' 
Prompt; serionse, seriosus, Manip.; 



sexyonse, earnest, Palsg. — Late Lat. seri- 
osus ; from Lat serius, grave, earnest. 

Seryowsly, adv. seriously ; oerionsly, 
minutely, with full details, Sa, C3. — Late 
Lat. seriose, * fuse, minutatim ' (Ducange). 

Se86, v. to seize ; see Seise. 

Sesoun, sb. season, C3 ; cesonn, W2. — 
AF. seson, OF. saison; Lat. sationem, a 

Set,//, s. sat, S ; see Bitten. 

Sate, sb. seat, Cath., S, Ca, PP ; seet, 
G.— AS. seto, seotu (OET). 

Sete, adj. suitable, H (p. xxv). — Icel. 
satt, endurable, from sitja, to sit. 

Setel, sb. seat, SD; seotel, S; settle, 
S. Comb.: Betel-gang-, sunset, Sa. — AS. 
setl ; cp. Goth, sitls. 

Seterday , Saturday, P ; see Satern. 

Se8, sb. seed, S ; see Bed. 

Sethen, v. to seethe, Prompt. ; seeth, 
pt. s.y seethed, boiled, Ca ; y-sode,//., Sa. 
— AS. sJoffan, pt. s., siafi, pp. soden. Cf. 

SeVSen, afterwards, since, S, Sa, G; 
scften, S, S2 ; seppe, Sa ; see 8l8$en. 

Setlen, v. to cause to rest, also to sink 
to rest, subside, settle, SkD ; sattel, Sa, S3, 
SkD ; satelyn, Prompt. ; settled, //. s., 
Sa [see SkD s.v. settle].— AS. setlan, to fix, 
settle (Grein). 

Setne8S6, sb. an appointed order, in- 
stitute, SD.— AS. (ge)setnis. Cf. Asetnesse. 

Sette, sb. a young plant, a shoot ; set- 

tys,//., S3. 

Setten, v. to set, place, appoint, S; 
sett, to set, watch game, Sa ; setis,/r. s., 
S ; settes, a pr. s. t Sa ; sette,//. s., S, Sa, 
S3 ; sette, Sa ; sastte, S ; set, a pt. s., 
Sa ; settide, //. s., W ; settiden, //., W ; 
sette, G; settand,/r./.,Sa ; set,^.,S; 
i-set, S, Sa ; i-sett, S ; i-sette, S ; y-set, 
S2, S3, Ca, C3.— AS. settan : Goth, satjan, 
to cause to sit; see Douse, p. 113. See 

Senrte, sb. surety, C ; see Surety. 

Seuen, num. seven, PP ; sene, PP, S ; 
seonen, S; seove, S; seofe, S; senene, 
PP ; seonene, S ; sen, H ; sene, Sa ; 
seofen, S. — AS. seofon ; cp. Goth, sibun, 
Lat. septem y Gr. knrd. For the Goth, ter- 
mination -un, see Brugmann, §§ 233, 334. 

Senend, num. ord. seventh, Sa. 

Seue-niht, sb. sennight, week, S ; sone- 
nyht, S. 


Seuen-tene, num. seventeen, Prompt. ; 
sewintine, S3. 

Senene, num. ord. seventh, Sa, PP ; 
seouette, S ; sonepe, S ; seofepe, S. 

Sew, //. s. sowed, H ; see Sowen. 

Sewane, sb. savin (a herb), S3. See 
S a ne in e . 

Sewe, sb. juice, broth, gravy, delicacy, C 2 , 
Cath., HD; sew, HD ; stew, S.— AS. s/aw. 

Sewen, v. to sew, suere, Wa ; seowen, 
S; sewide, //. 1., Wa; y-sewed,/^., S3. 
— AS. simian : Goth, siujan ; see Brug- 
mann, § iao. 

Sewen, v. to follow, PP, C, Sa. Der. : 
sewyngly, in order, Sa. See Snen. 

Sewen, v. Phr. : to sewe at y* mete, 
deponere, apponere, to set upon the table, 
Cath., Prompt. See below. 

Sewer, sb. bearer of dishes, dapifer, Sa, 
Voc. ; seware, Prompt. ; asseonr, NED ; 
assewer, NED.— AF. ass'iour y he who sets 
the table (Ducange) ; from OF. asseoir, to 
set, to place ; Late Lat. adsedere. 

Sewintene, seventeen, S3 ; see Seuen- 

Sexe, six, S ; see Sixe. 

Sexte, sixth ; see Sixte. 

Sexteyn, sb. sacristan, sexton, Ca ; see 

Seych, sb. sigh, S3 ; see Syke. 

Seyed, pp. passed, lit. swayed, Sa ; see 

Seyen, v. to say ; see Seggen. 

Seyl, sb. sail, Prompt., S, C ; sell, S ; 
seiies,//., Sa ; seales, S3.— AS. segl. 

Seylen, v. to sail, Prompt; sayle, Ca ; 
saland, pr. p. % S3. — AS. {ge)seglian. 

Seyn, //. seen ; see Seon. 

Seynen, v. to make a sign, esp. the 
sign of the cross, PP ; saine, to bless, HD ; 
seyned, //. s. t P ; sanyt, Sa. — OF. seigner 
(Bartsch) ; Lat. signare. 

Seynd,^. singed, C; see Sengin. 

Seynt, sb. girdle, C ; see Ceinte. 

Se^en, v. to say, S ; see Seggen. 

Sh-. For many words beginning with 
these letters, see Sen-. 

Shadde* //. V shed, poured, Ca; see 

ShfiBd, sb. discretion, S. — AS. (ge)sc/ad. 
See Scheden. 

Shsefess, //. sheaves, S ; see Sohee£ 

Shaswen, v. to shew, S ; see Scaewen. 


Sheeuering, pr. p. shivering, S3 ; see 

Sheo, Pron. dem., def. art.,pron. pers.f., 
ilia, that, the, she, PP ; soneo, SD ; scho, 
S3, PP; sho, S, H; boo, Sa; mo, S; 
selie, C, PP ; one, S2 ; si, S ; soa, S. 
Comb. : «1 J>et, she that, SD (s.v. «).— AS. 
j/0 ; cp. OHG. siu (Tatian). 

Sherch, v. to search, S3 ; see Cerohen. 

Sho, she, S ; see Sneo. 

Shode ; see under Beneden. 

Shrinks, pL sheriffs, Sa; see under 

Si, she, S ; see Sneo. 

Si, let there be, S ; see Sinden. 

Sibbe 9 sb. and adj. peace, relationship, 
Mjffinis, related, SD, S, P ; sybbe, Prompt.; 
sib, S ; syb, P. Comb. : gib-man, < affinis/ 
HD ; siVnesse, affinity, SD ; sib-redan, 
relationship, SD ; sibrede, HD ; sybrede, 
banns of matrimony, Prompt. ; cybrede, 
Prompt ; sib-sum, peaceable, SD ; Slb- 
snmnesse, friendship, SD. — AS. sib(b), 
peace, relationship : Goth, sibja ; cp. OHG. 
sibba, peace (Tatian), relationship (Otfrid). 
See Sievers, 257. 

Sic, adj. sick, S ; see 8ek. 

Sicer, sb. strong drink, Ca ; sisar, Ca 
(») ; oisar, Ca (»), MD. — Low Lat. sicera 
(Vulg.); Gr. afapa (lxx); Heb. shekar 
(Dent. 39. 6). Cf. Sidir. 

Siche, adj. snch, W ; see Swyohe. 

Sicht,/^. s. sighed, S3 ; see Syken. 

Siclatonn, sb. a costly silk texture, 
CM ; sicladonn, CM ; see Ciolatnn. 

Sidir, sb. strong drink, cider, S3, W, 
MD; sidnr, Wa; sider, MD; sydyr, 
Prompt. ; sedyr, Prompt. ; cyder, Ca (») ; 
eedyr, Prompt. ; sytner, Cath., Sa ; 
sythir, Ca (»).— OF. sidre {cidre), sisdre ; 
Low Lat. sicera (Voc.) ; Gr. o'uctpa (Lnke 
1. 15) ; cp. Sp. sidra (Deut. 29. 6). See 

Sigaldren, sb. pi. sorceries, S.— Icel. 
seiti-galdr, enchantment by spells. See 
Grimm, Teut. M. pp. 1035- 1043. 

Sigaldrie, sb. enchantment, SD; si- 
taldry, HD. 

Sigaldrien, v. to bewitch ; sygaldryd, 
pt. s., HD. 

8igge)n, v. to say; see Beggen, 

Sighte, sb. sight, providence, appear- 
ance, PP, C ; slhfte, S ; syhte, S ; syjt, 
Sa ; siffpe, Sa ; zy*pe, Sa ; slhte, S ; 
sfete, S.— AS. (ge)sM (gesiht). 



Signe, sb. sign, portent, PP ; see 8yng. 

Signefiance, sb. meaning, S. — OF. sig- 

Signefien, v. to signify, mean, S. — AF. 
signefier. # 

Sihen, pt. pi. saw, Sa ; see Seen. 

Sik, adj. sick, S ; see 8ek. 

Sike, adj. such, S3 ; see Swyche. 

Sike)r, adj. secure, sure, trusty, S, Sa, 
C3, P ; sikir, W ; sakir, B ; lykere, Sa ; 
sikere, Sa ; sykar, S3, P ; adv., truly, S3; 
rikerer, comp., S3, C ; sikarara, P; sik- 
erast, superl., Sa. Comb. : sikernede, 
security, SD; slkerlec, surety, pledge, 
SD ; sikerliche, surely, certainly, S ; sy- 
kerlyoh, Sa ; sikerlike, S ; sikerly, S3, 
C, Ca, P; sykerly, H; sekirly, B; 
slkamassa, security, S, Sa, Ca, C3 ; sicer- 
nesse, S ; sykaxnas, Sa ; silrlrnassa, W ; 
sykirnes, H; sekirnes, B.— OS. sikor\ 
Late Lat. skurus (with accent on the first 
syllable); cp. OHG. sichor (Otfrid). Cf. 

Siknesse, sb. sickness, Ca; see Sek- 

Siknl, sb. sickle, P ; syksl, PP ; sykyl, 
Prompt.— AS. steel (Voc.) ; Lat. seeula. 

Silc, adj. such, Sa ; see Swyohe. 

Silden, v. to shield, S ; see Sohelden. 

Silke, sb. silk, P; see Selke. 

Silour; see Selnre. 

Sillier, sb. silver, S, C3 ; seolner, S ; 
snlner, Sa ; seiner, S, Sa ; silnere, dat., 
S ; salura, S. — OMerc. sylfur, AS. silfor 
{seolfor) : OS. silubar, Goth, silubr; see 
Sievers, 107. 

Simle, adv. ever, for ever, S. — AS. simle 
(sytnle) for simble: OS. simbla; cp. OHG. 
simbulum (Tatian). 

Sind«n, pr. pi. are ; sinndenn, S ; 
senden, S ; secft, S ; si, pr. s. subj., let 
(there) be, S ; seon, sub/, pi., may be, S. — 
AS. syndun, pr. pi., si, pr. s. subj., slen, 
pi., see Sievers, 437. 

8ine)gen, v. to sin, S ; see Snnegen. 

8ine)n, pp. shone, S ; see Sohynen. 

Sinue, sb. sin, S ; see annua. 

Sionns, branches, Wa ; see Syon. 

Sipes, pi. ships, S ; see Sehip. 

Si-qnar ; see under Sift. 

Sir*), sb. a prince, king, lord, father, 

master, a term used in addressing knights, 

kings, S, Sa, P, G; syr, Prompt— AF. 

sire (for *se'ior) ; Lat. senior, older; so F. 

J pire ; Lat. peior, worse. 



Bis, six, Ca ; see Mat. 

Sifter, sb. strong drink ; see Bioer. 

Sisoure, sb. a person deputed to hold 
assizes, juryman, P, Sa, G; sisonr, PP; 
sysour, PP. — Low Lat assisorem (Du- 
cange), from Otr. a(s)sise, a sitting down, 
also a settlement, pp. fern, of aseeir; Lat. 
assidere, to sit at 

Sist, seest ; see Beon. 

Siste, sixth, S ; see Sixte. 

Sistren, pi. sisters, C ; see Buster. 

Site, sb. grief; Sa ; syte, WA, HD.— 
Icel. siit ; AS. suht ; cp. OHG. suht (Otfrid), 
Goth. sauhts, sickness. 

Siten, v. to grieve, Sa. See above. 

Si8, sb. time, SD ; stfe, <&/., S ; stth,//., 
H; syth,H; stte, C, Sa, PP ; sythe, H, 
Ca, C3 ; sythes, Sa, PP ; sithis, W, S3 ; 
sitlies, PP ; ay)*, Sa ; H)m, Sa (9. 7a). 
Comb. : oft-sitn ( - Lat. sape), H ; al-qnar 
(for slS-quar), time when, Sa. — AS. s{&, 
journey, turn, time : Goth, sinths ; cp. OHG. 
sindy 'via' (Otfrid), Icel. sinn. 

SiStfon, adv. and conj. afterwards, since, 
S, C, G ; sty)», Sa, S3 ; siften, S, S3, C ; 
sifte, S, S3; sitn, Sa, S3, G; seottSan, S; 
seottSen, S ; seotitte, S ; setPBen, S, Sa, G; 
setten, S, Sa; sefte, S; syth, S3, C; 
sep)*, Sa; sap]*, S, Sa; syppen, Sa; 
sytnen, Sa, S3 ; sen, H, Sa, S3 ; syn, Sa, 
S3 ; syne, Sa, S3 ; sens, S3. — AS. sitMan. 

Sitttn, v. to sit, cost, befit, S, P; 
sytte, PP, S3; sltte, Sa ; sit, /r, s., C, 
Sa, G, PP ; sitt, PP ; sits, S3 ; set, pt. s. t 
S; seet, C, G; sstt, S; setten, pl. t S; 
sete, S, G; seten, Ca, W; seeten, C; 
saten, G ; seten, pp., S, C ; syttyn, Sa. 
— AS. sittan, pt. sat (pi. skton), pp. seten. 

Sixe, num. six, S, PP; sexe, S; sax, 
S3 ; sis, Ca ; sys, Ca.— AS. six. 

Sixt, seest ; see Beon. 

Sixte, ord. sixth, S ; syxte, PP ; sexte, 
S, S2 ; saxte, S ; siste, S.— AS. sixta. 

Si56, sb. victory, SD; si, SD; sy, S.— AS. 
sige: Ooih.sigisi cp. OHG. sig (Tatian). 

Si^e-craft, sb. magic art, SD. See 

Si5ede,//. s. sighed, S3 ; see Byken, 

Si^en, pt. pi. saw ; see Beon. 

Skaffant, sb. an engine of war used by 
besiegers, CM; sealalde, procestrium, 
Cath.; seafold, stage, Prompt, SkD; 
seaffonld, theatrum, scena, Manip. ; sehaf- 
falde, stage, Cath. (*); skaffold, Cath. 
(»).— OF. escafaut (eschafaut) ; cp. OF. 


ckafkut (chaffauf), Low Lat chaafallum, 
chaufaudus, a wooden tower used against 
besiegers; cp. also It catafako. The origin 
of this word of various forms is absolutely 

gkaith, sb. harm, S3 ; see BcsSe. 

Skalk,^. scalp, H; skalke, H; skalkys, 
//., H. 

Skalle, sb. scabbiness on the head, scall, 

Skalled, adj. scabby, C. 

Skalp, sb. scalp, H (Ps. 7. 17) ; scalp, 

Skarrit, 1 //. s. was scared, S3; see 

Skathe, sb. harm, C, G; skath, H ; see 

Skeet, adj. swift; adv. soon, quickly, 
G; skete, HD; sket, S, HP.— Icel. 
skjdtr, swift; adv. skjdtt. 

Skele, sb. reason, Sa ; see BkyL 

Skenten, v. to amuse, SD. — Icel. skemta, 
to amuse, to shorten, from skamr, short 

Skentinge, sb. amusement S, SD. 

Sker, adv. clean, entirely, S ; see Bchere. 

Skerren, v. to scare, frighten, to be 
frightened, SD; skeren, Prompt.; soaxren, 
SD ; skarrit, 1 pt. s., S3 ; skerrit, SD.— 
Icel. skirra, to prevent, reflex, to shrink 

Skewe, sb. sky, Sa ; see Bkye. 

Skey, adj. shy (as a horse), Prompt; 
see Beney. 

SkeTlUOWSe, adj. disdainful, scorn- 
ful, abhominativus y Prompt. ; queymows, 
Prompt; sweymows, Prompt.; squay- 
mons, CM; squeamons, CM; squay- 
mose, verecundus, Cath.; skoynms, dis- 
dainful, Cath. (n) ; squeamish, coy, pre- 
cise (of a young girl), Cotg. (s.v. sucrie) ; 
fastidious, Baret. 

Skil, sb. reason, H ; see BkyL 

Skilwi86| adj. reasonable, discreet, H ; 
seilwis, H ; skUwisly, adv., H. 

Skinden, v. to hasten, S. — Icel. skynda, 
skunda ; cp. AS. scyndan. 

Sklajre, sb. a veil, P; scleyre, PP; 
sklelre, PP ; skleir, PP.— Cp. G. schleier, 
Du. sluijer. 

Sklither, adj. slippery ( ■ Lat. lubricus), 
H ; cf. BUder. 

Sklytterynge, sb. liability to fall, H. 

Skowtez, pr. s. pries, looks, Sa ; see 

Skye, sb, cloud, sky, Prompt ; skews, 


Sa ; skwe, Sa ; sonew, WA; skyes, //., 
PP.— Icel. sky, cloud. 

Skyl, ^. discernment, reason, skill, 
Prompt ; skil, H ; skill, S ; skyle, Sa ; 
skile, S, Ca, W ; skille, Sa ; skele, Sa ; 
■Mies,//., reasons, Ca,H; skilles, Sa, H. 
— Icel. skil, distinction, discernment. 

Skylfolle, adj. reasonable, discerning, 
Prompt. ; skilful, Wa, C3. 

Skylly, perhaps dispersing (?), Sa. 

Skynalde, perhaps scramble (?), Sa. 

81a, v. to slay, Sa ; see Sleen. 

Slade, sb. a valley, Manip., ND.— AS. 

Slagen, pp. slain, S ; see Keen. 

Slaht, sb. slaughter, SD; sla*t, Sa.— 
AS. sleaht. 

Slaine, Slawen; see Keen. 

Slak, sb. ravine, a hollow, depression, 
gap or pass between two hills, S3, B; 
slack, the low ground, HD ; a common 
(in Yorkshire), NQ (1. 10. 400). 

Slak, adj. slack, Prompt.; slao, Sa; 
■lake, dat, C— AS. sleac: OS. slak. 

Slalden, v. to be slack, to make loose, 
S, W ; slake, to become less grievous, Sa ; 
to slacken, cease, C2 ; slake}), /r. s., burns 
low, Sa ; assuages, Ca. — AS. slacian. 

Slape, sb. sleep, S ; see Slepe. 

Slatten, v. to throw down, to slap; 
slat, HD; sleate*,/r.//., S. 

Slaunder ; see Solanndxe. 

Slaueren, v. to slaver, to let the saliva 
fall from the mouth, Sa. 

Slawe, adj. slow, S3 ; see Slows. 

Sla$t, sb. slaughter, Sa ; see Slant. 

Sle, adj. sly, cunning, S3 ; see Sly. 

Sleen, v. to slay, PP, Ca ; slee, PP, S3, 
W, G; sle, S, S3, PP; slen, PP; slean, 
S; slsen, S; slon, S; slo, S; sla, Sa ; 
aleaS, pr. s., S ; sleth, S3 ; sleeth, C ; 
slea*, //., S ; sla*etf, S; slage, S; slon, 
pt. s., S ; SI03, S ; slon, S, Sa ; slow, Sa, 
S3; slowe, W; slonh, Sa ; slou;, Sa; 
slouffn, S3, C ; slognen, //., S ; sloven, 
S; slowe, Sa ; slowen, W; slo;e, S; 
slog;n, Sa ; sloug;ne, S3 ; slo, pr. sub/., a 
p., Sa ; slen, //., S ; slagen,^., S ; slaine, 
S ; slawen, Ca ; slayn, Ca ; slele, Sa ; 
slawe, S3, C ; slean, S3 ; y-slayn, C3 ; 
i-slawe, Sa ; y-slawe, C3 ; i-sleiene, pi., 
S.— AS. slian (for slahan), pt. sldh (pi. 
sldgon), pp. slagen, also slegen. 

Sleet, sb. sleet, Prompt. ; slat, SD.— 
Cp. G. schlosse. 



Slegh, adj. cunning, Sa; slab, S; see 

Sleght, sb. cunning, Sa; slant, S; see 

Slendyr ; see Solendar. 

Slepe, sb. sleep, S, Sa, Prompt. ; slape, 
S; slep, S.— AS. sl<kp: OS. sldp; cp. 
OFris. slip. 

Slepen, v. to sleep, S; slep, pt. s., S, 
S3 ; slepte {weak form), Ca, PP ; slepen, 
pi., PP.— AS. sl<fyan, pt. slep; a redupli- 
cating verb, see Douse, p. 48. 

Slepyng, sb. sleep, Sa. 

SleSrende, pr. p. falling like snow, S. 

Sleuth, sb, track, trail, slot, Sa, B; 
slnth, B; slewth, B; sloff, S, SkD. 
Comb. : sleutn-nund, a sleuth-hound, Sa. 
—Icel. stid. 

SlenJ>e,^.dloth,S3,P; Sleuth, H; see 

Sleue, sb. sleeve, C3, Prompt. — AS. 

Sleueles, adj. sleeveless, useless, HD. 

Sley, adj. sly, Sa ; see Sly. 

Sleythe, sb. cunning, skill, falsehood, 
trick, Prompt., PP ; sleithe, PP ; sleape, 
Sa; slen]*, SD, PP; slithe, PP; sly)>e, 
PP ; sleighte, PP, C, Ca, C3 ; sleht, S ; 
sleffht, Sa.— Icel. slagd (for slcegV). See 

Sliden, v. to slide, PP ; slit, pr. s., C3 ; 
slod,//. s., Sa ; slode,//., PP; slide,//., 
Wa.— AS. slidan, pt. sldd, pp. sliden. 

Slider, adj. slippery, C ; slidir, Wa ; 
slydyr, Prompt. See Sklitnsr. 

Slidernesse, sb. slipperyness ; slydlr- 
n esse, Wa ; slydyroesse, Prompt. 

Slih, adj. cunning, experienced, Sa ; see 

Slike, adj. such, H.— Icel. sllkr. 

Slikien, v. to smoothe, to polish, SD ; 
slyken, P ; slioke, S3 ; isliked, S. 

Sliper, adj. slippery, SD ; slipper, S3, 
Sh.— AS. slipor (Leo). 

Slitten, v. to slit, pierce, SD ; slytyn, 
Prompt.; slyttyng;, pr. p., piercing (of 
language), Sa ; islit,//., S.— AS. slltan. 

Slo, vb. to slay, S ; slon, S ; slon,//. s., 
S ; see Sleen. 

Slod, //. s. slid, Sa ; see Sliden. 

Slogardye, sb. sloth, C3; see 8lng> 

Sloh, sb. slough, PP; slough, Ca, C3, 
—AS. sldh. 



Slokyn, v. to slake, quench, H, Cath. ; 
alokin, S3 ; slokke, PP ; alokynd, pp., H ; 
slekynd, H.— Cp. Icel. sliikva. Cf. Slak- 

Slomeren, v. to slumber, Cath., 
Prompt.; alnmeren, SD; slombred, pt. 
s., P. 

Slomering, sb. slumbering, S3. 

Slong,//. cast away, S3 ; see Slyngen. 

Sloppar, adj. slippery, S3. 

Sloterin, v. macular e, SD; aloterd, 
pp., bespattered, Sa. 

SI08, sb. track, trail, S ; see Sleuth. 

Slough ; see Blob. 

Slouthe, sb. sloth, S2, C3, PP ; alonntte, 
S; slenj)*, S2, PP; slenbe, S2, P; 
slewthe, C3, PP ; slenth, H, PP.— AS. 
slawd. See below. 

Slow, Slo;e ; see Sleen. 

Slowe, adj. and sb. slow, sluggish, a 
lazy man, PP, S; slow, Wa; slonn, S; 
slawe, S3 ; slaw, Sa.— AS. sldw. 

Sluggardy, sb. sloth, S3 ; alogardye, 
C3 ; sloffardye, C. 

Slngge, adj. slothful, Prompt. 

SlnggOn, v. to slug, to be inactive, SkD. 

Sluggy, adj. slothful, Prompt. 

Sly, adj. sly, cunning, skilful, Prompt ; 
sli;, W; alin, Sa; sley, Sa ; slefn, Sa ; 
sleh, S; «U3, S2 ; ale, S3.— Icel. *&#r 
(for slcegr). 

Slyly, adv. cunningly, Prompt ; sleign- 
ly, prudently, C. 

Slynge, sb. sling, PP. 

Slyngen, v. to sling, hurl, throw away, 
PP, Prompt. ; along»e, pt. pi., Sa ; along-, 
//., S3; slnngin, S3. — AS. sling an, pi. 
slang, pp. slungen, 

Smadc,^. taste, flavour, Prompt; smaee, 
S ; smaeh, Sa. — AS. smac, taste, flavour 

Smaken, to have a savour, scent, S, 
Prompt.; smacky, to imagine, perceive, 
taste, relish, understand, Sa ; smachande, 
pr. p., Sa ; amanhte, //. s. t PP ; amau^te, 
//., PP. — AS. smacian, see Grein (s. v. 

Smalle, adj. small, narrow, Prompt.; 
smal, S, Sa; amaill, S3. — AS. smal, 
narrow : Goth, smals. 

Smart, adj, bitter, Sa ; see Smerte, 

Smatte, //. s, smote, S ; see Smiten. 

Smeo, sb. smoke, S ; m«9b, S ; smeke 
Prompt. — AS. smic . 

Smechunge, sb. taste, S. SeeSmak. 


Smell, sb. smell, S; aural, S. 

Smellen, v. to smell, S, PP ; smylle, 
PP ; smolte,//. s., Sa.— Cp. Low G. smelen, 
to smoulder. 

Smeorten, v. to smart, S ; see Smarten. 

Smerien, v. to smear, anoint ; smeren, 
S; smnriett, pr. pi., S; smered,//., S. — 
AS. smerian, smyrian, from smeru, fat, 
smero (Voc.). 

Smerl, sb. ointment, Sa. 

Smerld,//. anointed, Sa. 

Smerte, adj. and adv. painful, sharp, 
sharply, quick, quickly, C, S, PP ; smart, 
Sa ; ■mart, Sa, C3 ; smertely, adv., G. — 
AS. smear/, 

Smerte, sb. smart, pain, Ca ; amiarfee, 
S ; amert, C3. 

Smarten, v. to smart, to be pained, 
PP, S, Sa, Ca ; smeorten, S ; smerte, 
pt. s., C; smerted, S3. — AS. smeortan 
(EETS. 79, p. 36). 

Smiten, v. to smite; smyten, PP; 
smit, pr. s., Ca, PP ; smot, pt. s., S, Sa, 
PP ; smette, S3 ; smatte, S ; smiten,//., 
S; smyten, W; smiten,//., PP.— AS. 
smltan, pt. smdt (pi. smiten), pp. smiten. 

Smok, sb. smock, Ca, PP, Prompt. 

Smok-les, adj. without a smock, Ca. 

Smolder, sb. smoke from smouldering 
wood, PP. 

Smolderen, v. to smoulder; smol~ 
derande,/r./., S2. 

SmorSer, sb. suffocating smoke, S; 
smorpre, PP. 

SmorSren, v. to smother, suffocate, SD. 

Smot, //. s. of smiten, q. v. 

Smnl, sb. smell, S ; see Smell. 

SmarieSy/r-//* smear, S ; see Smerien. 

SmySien, v. to forge ; smythye, P ; 
smytheth, pr. s., P. — AS. smidian. 

Smy)>)>e, sb. smithy, forge, Sa ; smythy, 
Prompt. — AS. smitfQe (Voc.). 

Snapere, v. to trip, to stumble, Wa, 
SD ; snapper, HD ; snapirs, pr. s. t WA. 

Snaft, //. s. cut, S ; see Snfoen. 

Snaw, sb. snow, S ; see Snow. 

Snelle, adj. quick, sharp, S, S2 ; snail, 
S3; snel, S.— AS. snelli OHG. snel 

Snepe, adj. foolish, S. 

Snesien, v. to strike, S. — AS. siuksan 
(in d~sn<ksan, BT), to put on a spit ; from 
snds, a spit (Voc.) ; cp. Icel. sncisa from 


SniSen, v. to cut ; snaJB,//. s., S. — AS. 
sniffan, pt. sndti (pi. snidon) ; cp. OHG. 
snidan (Tatian). 

Sniwen, v. to snow; snewen, SD; 
sniub, /r. j., S ; sniwep, SD ; anew, //. 
j., SD ; snewede, C. — AS. snlwan. 

SnorMl, sb. wrinkle, H.— Cp. North. 
E. snurkle, to run into knots, JD, snurl, to 
wrinkle, JD ; cp. OHG. snuor, string, see 
Fick, 7. 351. 

Snow, sb. snow, Prompt, PP; snou*, 
PP ; snou, S ; maw, S. — AS. sndw : 
Goth, snaiws. 

Snowte, sb. snout, Prompt. ; snute, S. 
— Cp. G. schnauze. 

Snybbyn, v. to rebuke, Prompt., C ; 
urate, H ; any bid, pt. //., H ; snyband, 
pr.p., H ; snibbed,//., C2. 

Snybbynge, sb. rebuke, Prompt.; 
snybynffe, H; nibbing, S2 ; snybyngis, 

Snytyn, ?. to clear the nose, Prompt. ; 
snytte,//. j., S2; y-snyt,#., S2. 

Sobre, aajf. sober, sedate, C2 ; sobnr, 
Prompt. — OF. sobre ; Lat. sobrium. 

Sobreliohe, adj. and adv. sedate, 
soberly, CM ; sobnrly, CM ; soberly, C. 

SoburneSSe, sb. soberness, Prompt. 

Soche, adj. such, S ; see Bwyche. 

Socht, pt. fl. sought, went, S3; see 

Soconr, sb. succour, C2, C3 ; sooowre, 
Prompt. — AF. sucur, soccour, OF. socors ; 
Late Lat. succursus (Ducange). 

Sodeyn, adj. sudden, Ca, C3 ; sodeynly, 
adv. suddenly, S3, Ca ; sodeynliohe, Sa. 
— AF. sodeyne ; Late Lat. subitanum, see 
BH, §122. 

Softe, adj. soft, warm, mild, gentle, S, 
S2, C3 ; adv. gently, luxuriously, §2, S, C3 ; 
softelione, gently, S ; sofUly, C3. Comb. : 
soft-nede, sb. softness, Sa. — AS. s6fte. 

Sohte, pt. s. sought, S, Sa ; see Bechen. 

Soke, sb. the exercise of judicial power, 
PP, SkD. Der. : soken, the territory or 
precinct in which public privileges were 
exercised, SkD; sokne, PP; (BotUnd)- 
sokene, (Rutland)shire, P. — AS. s6c, the 
exercise of judicial power ; sdcn, sdcen, an 
enquiry ; see Schmid. 

Sokelynge, sb. suckling, Prompt. 

Sokelynge, sb. a herb, locusta, Prompt. 

Sokyl-blome, sb. locusta, Voc. — From 
a form *sokel, that which sucks. Cp. Hony- 



Solas, sb. rest, solace, pleasure, merri- 
ment, G, C2, PP, SkD.— AF. solas, OF. 
solaz, Lat solatium ; see BH, § 143. 

Soldo, should ; see Boholde. 

Solempne, adj. solemn, grand, festive, 
magnificent, C 2 , C3 , Prompt ; solempnely , 
adv. with pomp, Sa, Ca, C3 ; solenliohe, 
PP. — AF. solempne ; Lat. solemnem. 

Solempnite, sb. festivity, C, Prompt. 
— AF. soflempnitee ; Lat. solemnitatem. 

Solere, sb. an upper room, loft, Prompt., 
Voc, HD ; throne, H ; soler, W, Voc., 
HD; toiler, Palsg. ; stage of a house, 
ND; collar, HD, Palsg. — AF. soler, solair, 
OF. solier ; Late Lat. solarium (Voc.) ; 
cp. AS. solere (Grein), OS. soleri, OHG. 
soleri (Tatian), soldri, the prsetorium of 
Pilate, also a guest-chamber (Otfrid), Du. 

Soleyne, adj. solitary, hating company, 
sullen, PP, Prompt; soleyn, PP, Wa; 
sollein, S3.— OF. solain, solitary, per- 
taining to one alone : Late Lat. * solatium, 
from Lat. solus. 

Somdel; see under Bum. 

Some, sb. concord, S. — AS. sime. 

Somed, adv. together, S; comet, S; 
see Banted. 

Somer, sb. summer, C ; nmer, S ; 
lomerts, gen. s., Ca, C3. Comb. : somer- 
game, summer-game, P. — AS. sumor ; OS. 
sumar ; cp. OHG. sumar (Tatian). 

Somme, sb. sum, S3, C3; some, S3; 
summe, Prompt— AF. summe {sume) ; 
Lat. summa. 

Somnen, v. to join, S ; see Bamnen. 

Sompne, v. to summon, PP, CM; 
■omeny, PP ; somony, Sa ; somoni, S ; 
somownyn, Prompt. ; somondis, pr. s., 
H ; sumundis, H ; somened, pp., W. — 
AF. somoundre (pr. p. somonant), OF. 
semondre ; Late Lat submonire ; Lat. sub +• 

SompnOUT, sb. summoner, one who 
cites before an ecclesiastical court, C, PP ; 
srunpnour, S2 ; somnour, PP ; somner, 
PP; somenonr, PP ; nimnowre, Prompt. 
— AF. sumenour. 

Somwat ; see under Bum. 

Sond, sb. sand, S, S2, C, PP; sand, 
PP; sonde, dat, S.— AS. sand. 

Sond, sb. a dish or mess of food ; sand, 
gift, Sa ; sonde, dot., S ; sonden, pi., S ; 
sandon, S. — AS. sand, ' ferculum' (Voc). 

Sonde, sb. a sending, message, gift sent, 
also mission, embassy, messenger, S, Sa, 

2io SONDER. 

C3, P, G, H (p. 497); wnd«n,//., S; 
sondes, S. Comb. : sondesmon, mes- 
senger, Sa; land— man, SD; sandis- 
mene,//., HD. 

Bonder. Comb.: sonderemen, mes- 
sengers, S ; sander bodes, messengers, S. — 
AS. sander in sandermen (Chron. arm. 

Sondry, separate, C2 ; see Bunder. 

Sone, sb. son, S, Sa, Ca, G ; sane, S ; 
sone, S2 ; son, S2. Comb. : sone in lawe, 
son-in-law, Ca.— AS. sunu : Goth, sunns. 

Sone, adv. forthwith, quickly, soon, S, 
G, Sa, C2, PP; sonne, S3; son, Sa ; 
soyn, S2 ; sonest, superl., Ca ; sonnest, 
P.— AS. t sona, see Sievers, 317. 

8ong,/'- s. sang, Ca ; see Byngen. 

Songe, sb. song, Prompt.; sang, S, S3 ; 
sang 1 , Sa ; songes,//., S.— AS. sang. 

Songe-wavie, sb. the obsei-vation of 
dreams, P.— OF. songe; Lat. somnium, 

Sonne, sb. sun, S, Sa, Ca, P ; sunne, S, 
Sa, Prompt. Comb. : sunne-bem, sunbeam, 
S ; Sunnen-dcei, Sunday, S; sunne-dei, S ; 
sunedal, S ; snnedei, S ; sone-dwi, S ; 
soneday, S, G ; sonendayes, //., Sa ; 
sunne-risindde, sun-rising, S. — AS. sunne : 
OS. sunna. 

800p,//. t. of Bus. 

S0OP6, sb. soap, Prompt.; sape, S. — 
AS. sape ; Lat. sdpo. 

Soot, Soote, adj. sweet, S3 ; see Swete. 

Sooth, Soothly ; see Both. 

Sop,//, s. created, S; see Scnapen. 

Sope,//. of Sup. 

Soper,^. supper, C, Ca, G ; seeSouper. 

Sophynte, sb. a sophism, C a ; sophimes, 
//., subtleties, C2.— OF. sophisme (Cotg.) ; 

Gr. ao<pi(jfia. 

Soppe, sb. a sop, Cath., PP ; sop, C ; 
soppis,//., S3. 

8opun,//. <?/snp. 

Sore, v. to soar, mount aloft, Ca, CM. 
~OF. essorer (Cotg.) ; Late Lat. *exaurare, 
to expose to the air (Lat. aura). 

Sore, adj. and adv. sore, painful, S, Ca, 
G ; sare, Sa, S ; sar, S, S3, Sa ; soore, 
Prompt. ; sair, B.— AS. sdr. 

Sore, sb. sore, misery, Ca ; sor, S; sar, 
S ; soore, Prompt. — AS. sdr. 

Soren, PP- shorn, S ; see Schere. 

Sort, sb. destiny, chance, lot, C, W; 
sorte, turn (—Lat. vice), W.— AF. sort; 
fjiit. sortem. 


Sorwe, sb. sorrow, S, Sa, CM, C 2 ; 
sor^e, S ; sor*e, S2 ; sorl;e, S ; sore;e, S ; 
sare;e, S; soregne, S2 ; seorewe, S; 
serewe, S ; seornwe, S ; serwe, Sa 1 ; sorii, 
S2 ; sorhe, S ; sorewe, S, S2.— AS. sorh : 
OS. sorga. 
Sorwe-fnl, adj. sorrowful, C ; sorfal, 
S ; sorweftUly, adv. sorrowfully, Ca. 

Sorwen, v. to sorrow, CM ; serrjhepp, 
pr. s., S.— AS. sorgian. 

Sorwynge, sb. sorrowing, CM; sorew- 
yngi», />/.7w. 

Sory, adj. sorry, wretched, painful, 
grievous, Prompt., S2, C, C2, PP, G ; sori, 
S, S2, PP ; sari, S ; saarl, S ; sarllicne, 
adv., S ; soryly, Prompt. Comb. : sory- 
mod, sad in mind, S. — AS. sdrig. 

Sorynesse, sb. sadness, Prompt. ; sorl- 
nesse, S.— AS. sdrignes. 
Soster, sb. sister, S2 ; see Buster. 
Sote, adj. sweet, C2, C3 ; see Swete. 
Soth, adj. and sb. true, truth, sooth, 
soothsaying, S, S2, C3, P, H ; sooth, C2 ; 
suth, S2 ; sotne, W, S2, S3, P J sootne, 
S3 ; soJ>e, S2 ; sothely, adv., verily, PP,W ; 
soothly, C2. Comb. : sdSfast, true, S, S3, 
H ; sothefast, W ; sootn&stnesse, truth, 
C2, C3, H; sotnnes, truth, S2, H ; sotn- 
nesse, S2, P; sothriht, truly, S.— AS. 
so*6 (for *sonti, *sand ) ; cp. Icel. sannr (for 
*sanSr) ; cp. Dan. sand. 
Sotne, adj. south, S3 ; see Bowtne. 
Sothien, v. to verify, SD, SkD (s.v. 
soothe) ; i-sottet, pp., S.— AS. ge~s66ian. 

Sotnronn, adj. southern, S3 ; see Bow- 

Sotte, sb. fool, S, Prompt., PP; «©t, S, 
S2; sottes, gen., S, S2. Der. : sotlioe, 
foolishly, S ; sotsonipe, folly, S ; sotted, 
besotted, C3.— OF. sot. 

Sotyle, adj. subtle, fine-wrought, crafty, 
ingenious, Prompt. ; sotyl, PP ; sotll, PP, 
C; sotel, PP; suteUe, Cath.; sntaille, 
S3; sotely, adv., PP; suteli, W.— AF. 
sotil, sutil ; Lat. subtilem. 
Sotyle, v. to reason subtly, to make use 
of cunning, PP ; sotilen, PP ; sntils, pr. s. $ 
makes subtle, H. 

Sotylte, sb. skill, Prompt. ; sotUte, C3. 
— AF. soiiltee ; Lat. subtilitatem. 
Sonchen, v. to suspect, SD, HD; 
■ouches, pr. s. t S2.— OF. suscher ; Late 
Lat. *suspicare, for Lat. suspicari, see 
Diez, p. 681, and BH, § 152. 
Sonden, v. to pay, PP. See Sowde. 
Sondly, adj. dirty, S3.— Cp. Northern 


E. suddill, to dirty (JD), also G. sudeln, to 
do dirty work. 

Souerty, sb. surety, S3; see Surety. 
Soufre, sb. sulphur, S2 ; soulfite, CM. 
—OF. sou/re, soul/re (Cotg.) ; Late Lat. 
Souken, v. to suck, C2, S2, Wa ; sowk- 
en, S3. Comb.: sonkynffe-fere, foster- 
brother, W. — AS. siican, pt. siac, pp. socen. 
Soule, sb. soul, PP, S, S2 ; sowle, S, C; 
saule, S, S2, H ; sawle, S ; sanll, S3 ; 
sonlen, pi., S, S2 ; saulen, S ; lawless, 
S; sowle, S; zaulen, S2. Comb. : soule 
nele, soul's salvation, PP ; sawel nel, S2. 
— AS. sdwol, sdwle : Goth, saiwala. 
Soun, sb. sound, S2, S3, C2, W2, H : 
sown, H, W, W2 ; sowne, S2 ; son, Sa ; 
sownde, Prompt. — AF. soun, OF. son; 
Lat. sonum. 

Sound, sb. a swoon, S3 ; see Swowne. 
Sounen, v. to sound, Ca, PP ; sownen, 
C2, S2, W2, PP; sowndyn, Prompt.; 
sanen, S. — AF. suner, soner ; Lat. sonare. 
Sonnyng, sb. sounding, S2. 
Sonpen, v. to sup, drink gradually, to 
eat supper, P, W, C2 ; sowpen, S3.— OF. 
souper. Of Teutonic origin. Cp. Snp. 
Sonper, sb. supper, C ; soper, C, C2, 
G.— OF. souper, AF. soper. 
Souple, adj. supple, pliant, C, C2. — 
OF. souple, beaten, defeated (Bartsch) ; 
Lat. supplicem, submissive. 
Soure, adj. sour, acid, PP ; sur, S ; 
soure, adv. sourly, C2, P. Comb. : sonr- 
don3, leaven, W ; sonrdow, W ; sonrdow?, 
W. — AS. stir ; cp. Icel. sdrr and stirdegi 
(Matt. 13. 33). 

Souren, v. to sour ; sowxld, pp., made 
sour, W. 

Sours, sb. source, origin, C2 ; soaring, 
CM.— OF. sourse, a spring of water ; Late 
Lat. sursa, a late pp. f. form from Lat. 
surgere (OF. sordre, pp. sors , sours). 
Souse, v. to strike, dash, RD, SkD; 
souce, Spenser 1. See below. 

S0US6 f sb. the downward plunge of a 

bird of prey, RD. (Originally the same as 

Sours, used of a hawk's flight. — W. W. S.) 

Soutere, sb. cobbler, S3 ; sorter, PP ; 

sowter, Cath., ND.— AS. siitere (Voc.) ; 

Lat. sutor. 

SoutereSSO, sb. a woman shoe-seller, P. 

Souenaunce, sb. remembrance, S3. — 

OF. sovenance* also souvenance (Cotg.), 

from sovenir; Lat subuemre. 



Souerente, sb. sovereignty, Prompt; 
souerayntee, C2. — AF. soverainte. 

Souef eyn, adj. and sb. supreme, sove- 
reign, C, C2, C3 ; souereynes, //., supe- 
riors, P, W ; sufrayns, H ; sonereyneste, 
superl, W2 ; soueralg}»leV«ft'-> C. — AF. 
soverein ; Late Lat. *superanum. 

Sowdan, sb. sultan, Si, C3. — OF* 
soudan, souldan ; Arab, sultdn. 

Sowdanesse, sb. sultaness, S2, C3. 

Sowde, v. to strengthen ; sowdid, pp. 
(-Lat. consolidatae), W.— OF. souder 
(Cotg.) : It. soldare \ Lat. solidare, see SkD 
(s. v. solder). 

Sowde, sb. stipend, pay, W; sowd, 
Prompt; sowdls, pi., W.— OF. soude; 
Lat. soldum, a sum of money, from solidus. 

Sowdyowre, sb. one that fights for 
pay, soldier, Prompt. ; soudiour, S3. — 
Cp. OF. soudoier (Ducange). 

Sowen, v. to sow, S, PP; sawe, S; 
sonwen, PP ; sewe, //. s., W; sew, H ; 
sewen, //., S ; seowe, pt. s. subj., S ; 
sownn, pp., W ; sowe, G ; ;e-sawen, S.~ 
AS. sdwan. 

SOWSO, v. to immerse in brine, to plunge 
in water, to drench with rain, Palsg., S3 ; 
soused,//., pickled, Sh. ; sonst, drenched, 
Spenser 1.— From OF. sause, sauce; Lat. 
salsa, salted. 

SOWSO, sb. a dish of pickled food, sue- 
cidium, Voc. 

Sowth.6, adj. south, Prompt. ; sothe, 
S3; raft, S. Comb.: Soup-hamtessire, 
Hampshire, S2 ; SttB-seexe, Sussex, SD. — 
AS. stid : OHG. sund-ana, from the south 

Sowtherne, adj. southern, Prompt. ; 
son]>eron, S2 ; sontnren, C3 ; sothroun, 

S3 ; sutnronn, S3. 

Soyr, adj. brown (as of withered leaves), 

S3 —OF. sor (Roland) ; cp. F. saure. Of 

Teutonic origin. See Seere. 
Sp*C, pt. s. of Speken, q. v. 
SpSBChe, sb. speech, S ; see Speohe. 
Spak, adj. wise, prudent, quiet, gentle* 

SD ; spake, HD ; spaklicne, adv., SD ; 

spakli, S2.— Icel. spakr, quiet, gentle, wise. 
Spale, sb. a chip of wood, splinter, S, 

SD ; spalle, Prompt. ; spolle, Prompt ; 

spole, Voc.— Icel. spolr (spala, gen. pi.). 
Spang, sb. a metal fastening, brooch, 

clasp, buckle ; spangs,//., S3.— AS. spange 


Spangele, sb. a small plate of shining 



metal used to ornament a bridle, lorale, 

Spanyn, v. to wean, Prompt. ; spane, 
HD; spaned, H, Cath.— Cp. G. spanm, 
OHG. (J>i)spenjan, Du. jr/«&?»,see\Veigand; 
cp. also AS. spana, ' ubera ' (Voc.). 

Spanynge, sb. a weaning, ablactacio, 
Cam., Prompt. 

Sparkle, sb. spark, Prompt. Comb. : 
deed-sparde ( = Lat. fauilld) , W 2 . 

Sparlire, sb. the calf of the leg, HD ; 
■parlyuer, sura, Trevisa (5. 355) ; spcrly- 
ner, musculus,\ oc. — AS. spear-lira, l sura * 
(Deut. 28. 35), speoru-lira (OET.). 

Sparre, sb. a beam, bar, spar, C, S3, 
Prompt., Cath. — AS. speoru (Voc.)j cp. 
Tcel. sparri. 

Sparthe, sb. axe, battle-axe, Prompt., 
Cath. ; spartn, C, WA.- Icel. spartSa. 

Sparwe, sb. sparrow, C, S2 ; sparowe, 
Prompt. Comb.: spar-nank, sparrow- 
hawk, C2 ; sperhauke, P. — AS. spearwa. 

Spatel, sb. spittle, S ; see Spotil. 

Spateling, sb. spitting, S. 

Spealie, v. to tell, S ; see Spellien. 

Spec, pt. s. of Speken, q. v. 

Spece, sb. species, kind, S, Prompt. — 
Lat. speciem. Cf. Spice. 

Speche, sb. speech, S, S2 , PP ; spsoche, S ; 
spek, S2. — AS. sp<kc (\oc). See Speken. 

Sped, sb. success, speed, S; speed, 
Prompt.— AS. spid. 

Spede-fal, adj. profitable, W ; speed- 
ful, C3 ; spedfullest, super I., S3. 

Speden, v. to succeed, prosper, speed, S, 
S2, S3 ; spet, pr. s., speeds, goes on, G ; 
speditn, profits, S3, W2 ; spedde, pt. s. t 
S, C2 ; sped, pp, S3.— AS. spidan. 

Speir, sb. sphere, S3 ; see Spere. 

Speken, v. to speak, S, S2 ; spseken, S ; 
spece, 1 pr. s. t S ; spectf, pr. s., S ; spsec, 
pt. s., S ; spac, S, S2 ; spak, S, S2 ; spec, 
S ; spek, S ; spake, 2 pt. s , S, G ; speke, 
S ; spnkenn, pi, S; speken, S ; speke, 
82 ; speeke, S2 ; spekene, ger., S ; speo- 
kene,S ; i-speken,//., S ; ispeke, S.— AS. 
specan (for sprecan), pt. spac, pp. specen. 

Spell, sb. a discourse, story, S ; spelle, 
dat., S, S2, C2.— AS. spell. 

Spellien, v. to relate, speak ; spellen, 
S, PP; spealie, S; spilien, S. — AS. 

Spellinge, sb. recital, Prompt., S2. 

Spence, sb. provision-room, larder, G, 
Prompt. ; spense, Voc. ; expense, G,W.— 


OF. despense (Constans) ; Late Lat. dis- 
pensa (Voc). 

Spencer, sb. officer having charge of 
the provisions, G ; spenser, G ; sponcere, 
Prompt. — OF. despensier\ Late Lat. dis- 
pensarium (ace.). 

Spenden, v. to use, spend, Prompt, 
PP ; spene, S, PP ; spende, //. pi, S2 ; 
i-spend, pp., S ; spendid, W ; sponded, 
G. Comb.\ spendlngf-siluer, money to 
spend, C3. — AS. spendan (in compounds) ; 
Lat. dispendere. 

Spennen, v. to stretch, embrace, grasp, 
SD ; spendyd,//. s., grasped, S3 ; spend, 
pp., SD. — Icel. spenna ; cp. AS. spannan, 
to bind, OHG. (gi)spannan (Otfrid) ; see 

Spercled, pp. scattered, flung abroad, 
S3 (24. 67). 

Sperd, //. s. of Spiren, q. v. 

Spere, sb. sphere, Prompt., CM ; speir, 
S3. — OF. espere ; Late Lat. spera, sphera ; 
Gr. <T<patpa. 

Spere, sb. spear, S, C, Prompt. — AS. 
spere; cp. OHG. sper (Tatian). 

Speren, v. to fasten with a spar, to 
close, S, Cath. ; sperre, Cath. ; speride, 
pt. s., S2 ; sperd, pp., S, H ; sperrid, H. 
— AS. sparrian. See Sparre. 

Sperhauke, sb. sparrow-hawk, P ; see 
under Sparwe. 

Sperling, sb. a small fish, S2 ; sper- 
lyngfe, Cath., Voc. ; sparlynffe, Cath. {n> \ 
spurllngf, Cath. (»).— OF. esperlan, smelt 

Spet, pr. s. of Speden, q. v. 

Speten, v. to spit, S, W2, Voc, CM ; 
spette, pt. s., W, SD ; spete, W ; speten, 
pi., W ; spetide, pt. s. f W.— AS. spitan, 
pt. spektte. 

Spewen, v. to vomit, Cath. ; spue,W2. 
— AS. spiwan, pt. spdw, pp. spiwen. 

Spice, sb. species, kind, spice, W; spyce, 
Voc. ; spices, //., S, P. Comb. : spice- 
like, with spices, S ; spices ware, spicery, 
S. — OF. espice ; Late Lat. *speeia (for Lat. 
spkiem), see BH, § 32. See Spece. 

Spicer,^. dealer in spices, P, S2 ; spy- 
seres,//., S2. 

Spicerye, sb, spicery, S2, C2, C3.— 
Ab. spicerie. 

Spie, sb. spy, PP ; see Aspie. 

Spien, v. to spy, to look after, to watch, 
S ; see Espye. 

Spilen, v. to play, S ; spilede,//. s.,S. 
—Icel. spila ; cp. G. spielen. 


Spilien, v. to speak, S ; see Spellien. 

Spillen, v. to perish, also to destroy. S, 
S2, C2, C3, P; spyllen, S2 ; spill, S3; 
w&lt,pp., killed, C3 ; y-spilte, PP.— AS. 
spillan, to destroy (Grein). 

Spire, sb. shoot, scion, blade, tall grass, 
reed, PP, S, G, CM ; spyre, Prompt., PP, 
Palsg. ; spier, W2. 

Spiren, v. to enquire, speer, PP ; speren, 
PP ; speoren, PP ; spuren, PP ; spirs, 
imp: pi. , S2; spird,, S2 ; sperd,//. 
s., S3. — AS. spyrian, to make a track, from 
*por, track, see SkD (s.v. spur). 

Splene, sb. the spleen, Prompt. ; splen, 
SkD. Phr. : on the splene, suddenly, 
S3 ; fro the splene, with sudden fervour, 
rapidly, S3.— Lat. splen. 

Spoile, sb. booty, SkD ; spuylis, //., 
^W2. See below. 

Spoilen, v. to plunder, W (Mk. 3. 27) ; 
spuyle, W; spuylid, pp., Wa.- OF. 
spotter (Cotg.) ; Lat. spoliare ; see BH, § 64. 

Spone, sb. a chip, splinter of wood, spoon, 
C3, Prompt.; spoon, C2. Comb.: span- 
newe, span new, SkD ; spon-neowe, SkD. 
— AS. spdn ; cp. Icel. spdnn, also spdnn ; 
cp. G. spannen (Weigand). 

Spore, sb. spur, PP, Prompt., C, G.— 
AS. spora. 

Spotil, sb. spittle, W ; spotele, W2 ; 
spatel, S.— AS. spdtl. 

Spousaille, sb. wedding, C2 ; spousail, 
C2 ; sposailis,//., W.— OF. espousaille*. 

Spouse, sb. spouse, bridegroom, bride, 
W ; spuse, S ; spowse, Prompt. Comb. : 
spousbrecne, adulterer, SD ; spnsbrucne, 
adultery, SD ; spousebrekere, adulterer, 
W ; spousnod, marriage, S2. — AF. espouse 
{espuse) ; Lat. sponsam ; also OF. espos, 
spous; Lat. sponsum ; see BH, § 169. 

Sponsen, v. to espouse, W, S2, C2 ; 
spousi, S2 ; i-spoused,//., S2 ; y- spoused, 
S2; i-spused, S.— OF. espouser\ Lat. 

Sprangis, diffused rays of various 
colours, S3. 

Spranlin, v. to sprawl, SD ; sprawel, 
S2 ; spranleden, //. pl. f S.— AS. sprtaw- 
lian (cited by Zupitza from Bouloneser 
Glossen,see Studium derneuerenSprachen, 
July, 1886). 

Sprayngis, ^. //. sprinklings, S3. See 

Spreden, v. to spread, PP, S, S2 ; 
spradde, pt. s., C2 ; spredd, pp., S ; 
sprad, C ; y-sprad, C2.— AS. spridan. 



Spreit, sb. spirit, S3 ; spyxyte, Prompt. 

— Lat. spiritus. 

Sprengen, v. to sprinkle, W, G; 

sprente, //. s., S3 ; spreynten, pi., W2 ; 
spreynd, pp., S2, C2, C3, W ; spreind, 

W; spreynt, W; y-spreynd, C. — AS. 
sprengan, causal of springan. 

Sprengen, v. to spring, to be diffused ; 
sprent, //. s., S3. — AS. sprengan, to spring 

Sprenkelin, v. to sprinkle, to dart, 
Prompt. ; spxynkland, pr. p., darting in 
various directions (of fish in the water), S3. 

Spring, sb. a rod, sprig, PP ; sprynge, 
P; sprenges, //., W2. 

Springen, v. to spring, to arise, to 
dawn, PP^ S, Cs ; sprynge, PP ; sprenge, 
pr. s. sub/., W ; sprang;, //. s., S ; sprong, 
S ; sprungen, pp., Sa ; sprunge, S ; 
sprongen, S3; spronge, C; i-sprunge, 
S. Der. : springing, beginning, source, 
C2. — AS. springan, pt sprang (pi. sprung- 
on), pp. sprungen. 

Springen, v. to make to spring, rouse ; 
sprange,, S3. See below. 

Springen, v. to sprinkle, C2 ; y- 
spronge, pp., S2. Der. : sprlngyng, 
sprinkling, W. See Sprengen. 

Sprutlyt, pp. speckled, S3. See SkD. 
(s. v. sprout). 

Sprynkland ; see Sprenkelin. 

Spurn, sb. a kick, S3. 

Spnrnen, v. to kick, Prompt., C2, SkD ; 
spnrade, pt. s., S2. — AS. speoman. 

Spuyle, v. to plunder, W ; see Spoilen. 

Spnylis, pi. spoils, W ; see Spoile. 

Spjrnke, sb. finch, rostellus,V oc. ; spink, 
Cotg., JD, HD ; spynk, S3 ( Cp. 
Gr. oviyyos, 2xAOY .pincon (BH), Y.pinson. 

Spynnare, sb. spinner, spider, Prompt.; 
spinner, Sh., HD. 

Spynnen, v. to spin, Prompt. 

Spynstare, sb. a woman who spins, 
Prompt.; spynnester, PP ; spinster, S2, 
PP, Sh. 

Spyrakle, sb. the breath of life, Sa. — 
Lat. spiraculum uitae, Gen. 7. 22 (Vulg.). 

Sqnames, sb. pi. scales, C3. — Lat. 

Squaymous, adj. loth, fastidious, 
CM ; see Skeymowse. 

Squier, sb. squire, S, C2 ; sqnyer, C2, 
S2. — OF. esquier, escuier; Late Lat. scu- 
tarium, from Lat scutum, shield ; cp. It. 



Sqnyler, sb. dish-washer, Sa ; sqwyl- 
lare, Prompt., SkD (s.v. scullery) ; swyl- 
lere, Voc. — OF. sculier (Ducange) ; Late 
Lat. scutelarium, one in charge of the 
dishes (Ducange) ; from Lat. scutella. (It 
seems to have been confused with swiller ; 
see SkD, s.v. scullery.— W. W. S.) 

Squylerey, sb. room for washing dishes 
in, a scullery, SkD. — Cp. OF. esculier; 
Late Lat. scutellarium, ' locus ubi reponun- 
tur scutellae ' (Ducange). See above. 

Sqware, adj. square, Prompt. ; sware, 
Si. — OF. esquarre; Lat. ex + quadram; 
cp. It. squadra. 

Slid, pt. s. clothed, S ; see Sonronden. 

Srnd, sb. dress, S ; see Scnrond. 

Ss- ; see Sen-. 

Sseawere, sb. a mirror, S2; see 

Sseawy, v. to show, S2 ; see Scnewen. 

Ssedde ; see under Scheden. 

Ssede ; see under Scnade. 

Ssolde, should ; see Scnolde. 

Ssoldren, pi. shoulders, S2 ; see ScniO. 

Stable, adj. constant, firm, fixed. C2, W, 
PP; stabli, adv., W.— AF. estable; Lat. 

Stable, v. to establish, confirm, to cause 
to rest, S3, W, P, C ; y-stabled, S3.— OF. 

Stablischen, v. to establish, W ; stab- 
lisse, PP. — OF. establiss-, stem of estab- 
lissant, pp. of establir. 

Stao, pt. s. closed up, S2 ; see Steken. 

Stad, //. bestead, circumstanced, beset, 
WA, S2. — Icel. staddr, circumstanced, 
Swed. stadd. 

Staf, sb. a staff, stick, a letter of the 
alphabet, PP, SD ; staffe, Prompt. ; stanes, 
//., S2, PP. Comb. : stef-ereft, the art of 
grammar, S ; staf-slinge, staff-sling, C2 ; 
staff-slynge, HD; staff-slyng;ere, staff- 
slinger, HD. — AS. staf, staff, stick, twig, 
letter written on a twig, see Weigand (s. v. 
buchstab) ; cp. Icel. stafr, OHG. stab, buoh- 
stab (Tatian). 

Staire, adj. steep, WA; stayre, 
WA (n). 

Staire. sb. stair, ladder, WA. — AS. 
stager. See Stien. 

Stal, Stall, pt. s. of Stolen. 

Stale, sb. stealing, S.— AS. stalu. 

Stalken, v. to step slowly, C, G; 
stalkyn, Prompt. ; stalked him,//, s. rejl., 


C2. — AS. stealcian; see Sweet, Anglo- 
Saxon Primer, 83. 37. 

Stalle, sb. place, state, station, prison, 
stall, booth, PP, Prompt. ; steal, S ; stal, 
Prompt.; stale, S3.— AS. steal'. OHG. 
stal (Otfrid). 

Stallit, //. placed, S3. 

Stallyn, v. to enthrone prelates, Prompt. 

StalworSe, adj. stout, strong, sturdy, 
S2, G ; stalwortn, PP, H (pp. 26, 87) ; 
stalword, S2 ; stalwortky, S3, Prompt. ; 
stalworpest, superl., S2 ; stalwortly, adv. 
sturdily, S2. Comb. : stalworth-hede, stal- 
wartness, S2.— AS. stalwurti (Chron. ann. 

Stamyn, sb. stamine, linsey-woolsey 
cloth, a garment made of that material, 
Prompt, Cath. («) ; stamin, S; stamine, 
HD.— OF. estamine, tamine, also a strainer 

Stamyn, sb. the stem, bows of a vessel, 
S2; stamyne, Cath. (»).— Icel. stafn, 
stamn, a post, prow-post, also stern-post ; 
cp. It. stamine, the upright ribs or pieces of 
timber of the inside of a ship, of our ship- 
wrights called foot-stocks (Florio). 

Standen, v. to stand, to cost, be valid, 
S ; stonden, S, S2, C2, W ; stant, pr. s., 
S, S2, S3 ; stont, S ; stand, S2 ; stonte, 
S2 ; stode,//. s., S2 ; //., S2 ; stoden, S2, 
C2; stnde, S3; i-stende, pp., S.— AS. 
standan, pt. st6d, pp. ge-standen. 

Stane, sb. dot. stone, S ; see Stoon. 

Stang, sb. stagnant pool ; stane, S2 ; 
stank, HD ; stangis, //., H ; stance*, 
S2 ; stannkis, H. — OF. estang, estan 
{estanc) ; Lat. stagnum. 

Stangen, v. to prick, to throb, HD, H. 
Der. : stangynffe, torment, H. 

Stannyris, sb. pi. the small stones and 
gravel at the side of a river, S3. See Stoon. 

Staple, sb. a loop of iron in a wall used 
for fastening chains, S3 (p. 472). — AS. 
stapul (Voc.). 

Starf, //. s. died, S2, C2; see Steruen. 

Starin, v. to stare, also to shine, glitter, 
SD ; stare, C2, S3, PP ; starlnde, pr. /., 
S ; stareand, S2.— AS. starian. 

Stark, adj. strong, firm, severe, S, S3 ; 
starre, S ; Starke, pi., C2. — AS. stearc : 
OS. stare. 

Starnys,//. stars, S3; see Sterne. 

Stat, sb. state, condition, Sa; staat, 
existence ( = Lat. status), W. Cf. Estat. 

Sta]>elien 9 to establish; ;e-sta]>eled, 
pp., S. — AS. ge-statielod. 


Sta)>eln6S8e 9 sb. stability, SD; stapel- 
nes, S2. — AS. staOolnes. 

Statut, sb. statute, PP; statute, PP; 
statutes, //., S2, PP. Comb. : statute- 
staple, the staple to which a prisoner is by 
law attached, S3.— AF. statut {estatut); 
Lat. statutum., pr. s. stows away, S2 ; stowed, 
pp., S2 ; see Stewyn. 

Steal, sb. place, state, S ; see Stalls. 

Steapre ; see Stepe. 

Stea;, //. s. of Stien, q. v. 

Stede, sb. steed, horse, S, C2, PP, WA. 
Comb.: stede-bac, horseback, PP.— AS. 
stida, from st6d y a collection of horses, a stud. 

Stede, sb. place, PP, S, S2, S3 ; stude, 
S; stide, W, Wj; stud, S2; sted, S3: 
Comb. : stedefast, steadfast, S ; stedefast- 
liche, steadfastly, S; stedfastly, C2; 
stedelastnesse, firmness, C2. — AS. stede : 
OS. stedi : Goth, stadi- (stem oistaths). 

Stee, sb. a ladder, WA, HD ; sties,//., 
HD. See Stien. 

Steef, Stef ; see Styt 

Steer, sb. a young ox, C, PP.— AS. 
steor ; cp. Lat. taurus, see Curtius,No. 232. 

Stef-creft, sb. the art of grammar, S ; 
see Staf. 

Stefhe, sb. voice, S ; see Steueue. 

Steghe, v. to ascend, H ; see Stien. 

Steghere, sb. rider, H. 

Steir, v. to stir, S3 ; see Stiren. 

Steken, v. to fasten, SD, W A ; stekye, 
v., to be fastened up, P ; stekes, imp. pi., 
S2 ; stae, //. s., S2 ; stak, SkD (s.v. 
stick) ; stoken, pp., S2 ; y-steke, G; 
i-steke, G.— Cp. OHG. stechan, to fix, 
pierce, pt stdh (pi. stdchun), pp. gi-stochan, 
see Otfnd. 

Stelen, v. to steal, to go stealthily, PP ; 
stal, //. s., S; stal, C2, W; stall, S3; 
stolen, //., S ; stelen, S ; stole, pp., C. 
Comb. : steal ut, stole out, S ; stal ut, S. 
— AS. stelan, pt. stal (pi. st<hlon), pp. stolen. 

Steltte, sb. stealth, PP ; stalthe, SkD. 
Cf. Stouth. 

Stem, sb. vapour, ray of light, flame, S ; 
steem, Prompt — AS. stiam. 

Stemin, v. to steam, shine, gleam, C, 
S3, CM.— AS. stiman (SkD). 

Stene, sb. a stone jar, SD, Trevisa 4. 115 ; 
steenes, //., S2. See below. 

Stenen, adj. made of stone, S. — AS. 
st<znen (Voc). See Stoon. 



Stent, sb. stopping-place, S3. 

Stenten» v. to cease, pause, CM; see 

Steoren, v. to perfume with incense, S. 
— Cp. AS. steran (Leo). See Stor. 

Steoren, v. lead, direct, S ; see Steren. 

Steorren,//. stars, S ; see Sterre. 

Step-barn, sb. orphan, H. — Cp. AS. 
step-aid, orphan, Ps. 67. 6 (VP) ; AS. 
stiop, orphaned ; cp. OHG. stiuf. 

Stepe, adj. steep, WA, SkD.— AS. stiap. 

Stepe, adj. bright, shining (of eyes), CM, 
C, S3, HD ; steapre, comp., S3 (p. 426). 

8tere f adj. strong, stout, firm, S, HD. 
See Store. 

Stere, sb. tiller, helm, rudder, steering- 
gear, the stern of a ship, C3, S ; steere, 
Wj; stiere, PP. Comb.: sterelees, with- 
out a rudder, S2, C3 ; stennan, steersman. 
Voc. — Icel. styri, rudder. 

Stere f sb. helmsman, C3, S2. 

Steren, v. to lead, direct, steer, S, S3, 
PP; steir, B; steoren, S.— AS. stioran, 

Steren, v. to stir, to move, S2,WA, PP ; 
see Stiren. 

Sterlinge, sb. coin, penny of standard 
currency, C3, PP, SkD.— Cp. Low Lat 
sterlingus (Ducange). 

Sterne, sb. star, WA, H, S2 ; stern, S2, 
B ; starnys, //., S3. — Icel. stjarna. Cf. 

Sterne, adj. stern, Prompt. ; sturne, 
S, S2; steryn,WA; sterin, HD; steryne, 
HD ; stiarae,//., S ; adv., S ; sterne, PP ; 
sternelioh, CM, PP. Der. : sturnhede, 
sternness, S2.— AS. styrne. 

Sterre, sb. star, S, S2, S3, C2, C3, W, 
PP ; sterre, S ; steorren, pi., S ; steores, 
S ; sterris, W, PP ; sterren, S, S2. Comb. : 
sterre-lint, starlight, S2. Der. : i-stirret, 
starred, S; stirrede, SD.— AS. steorra: 
OS. sterro; cp. OHG. sterro (Tatian). 

Stert,^. tail, plough-handle, S, Prompt., 
Palsg., HD ; the stalk of fruit, HD, Palsg. ; 
wtert; Voc. Comb. : steort-naket, quite 
naked, S.— AS. steort ; cp. Icel. stertr. 

Stert, sb. a start, quick movement, C. 

Sterten, v. to start, S2, C, B, PP; 
stirt, imp. s., S ; stirte, pt. s., S ; stirt, 
S ; mtexU, C, G ; stert, S2 ; stert, pp., 
C2 ; y-stert, C. 

Steruen, v. to die, S2, S3, C2 ; sterfctf, 
pr. s., S; start pt. s„ S2, C2 ; stamen, 
//., S ; sturfe, S ; steruen, C3 ; sterue, 




pt. subj. s. t S ; i-storue, pp., S ; y-storoe, 
C; starnen, S3.— AS. steorfan, pt. */<&/ 
(pi. slur/on), pp. storfen. 

Steruing, j£. dying, S2. 

Stenene, sb. voice! command, note, C2, 
S ; stenen, S2 ; time of performing any 
action, CM ; sterne, S ; steyyiinys,//., S3. 
—AS. stefn: Goth, stibna; cp. OHG. 
stemna (Tatian), G. stimme. 

Stew, sb. vapour, mist, B ; stovys, pi., 
S3. — Cp. Dan. stbv, Du. stof, dust, stof- 
regen, drizzling rain, G. staub, dust, whence 
Staubbach, ' spray-beck.' 

Steward ; see under Sty. 

Stewe, sb. fish-pond, vivarium, C, HD, 
SD, CM, Prompt. ; stwe, Prompt. 

Stewe, sb. bath, Cath.; stiie, Cath. («); 
stwe, Prompt. ; stewes, pi. brothels, PP ; 
stywes, CM ; stiies, P. 

Stiarne, adj. pi. stern, S ; see Sterne. 

Sticchen, v. to prick, stitch, SD ; 
9tL)U,pt. s., SD ; mti^t, pp., SD ; i-*tind, 
S; i-sticcned, S (p. 119). 

Stien, v. to ascend, HD, PP, S2, W, 
W2 ; Styjen, S2 ; sti^en, W, S2 ; ste*en, 
S2 ; steffke, H, S2 ,- stea;, //. s. t S2 ; 
«tei3, S3 ; ste*n, S2, H ; styh, S2.— AS. 
stigan, pt. stdh (pi. stigon), pp. stigen. 

Sties, pi. paths, S2 ; sttgnes, H ; see 

StiMen, v. to stick, to pierce, stab, S, 
S2, C2, C3; styken, S2 ; steek, S3; 
stekit, //. s., B ; stekyt, S3 ; y-styked, 
pp., S2. — AS. stician. See Steken. 

Stikke, sb. stick, C3 ; stykke, Prompt. 

Stillatorie, sb. vessel used in distilla- 
tion, C3, CM ; stillatory, a place where 
distillations are performed, ND. — Late Lat. 
stillatorium, from Lat. (di)stillare. 

Stingen, v. to sting; Btonge,, S; 
stongen, pp., C, H; y-stongen, S3; 
y-stonffe, C3 ; stnnffen, H. — AS. stingan, 
pt. stang (pi. stungon), pp. stungen. 

Stiren, v. to stir, to move, to instigate, 
PP, C3, W2, S, S2; stere, PP, S2, G; 
sturen, S, W ; styren, S ; steir, S3, B.— 
AS. styrian. 

Stiring, sb. stirring, commotion, W, W2. 

Stirte, pt. s. of Sterten, q.v. 

Stith, sb. anvil, C, CM, Sh. ; stythe, 
Prompt. — Icel. steOi. 

Stiward ; see under Sty. 

Stobil, sb. stubble, W2 ; stobtQ, Prompt. 
— -AF. stuble (Ps. 82. 12, Oxford Psalter) : 
Prov. estobla-, OTeut. *stuppula; cp. OF. 


estoulle (Ps. 82. 13), F. iteule ; see Kluge 
(s. v. stoppet), and BH, § 153. 

Stok f sb. stock, stem, trap, the stocks, 
PP, W2 ; trtoe, S ; stokke, PP ; stocke, 
S3; stoke, S2; stokkes,//.,PP; stoekis, 
S2 ; stokess, S. — AS. stocc. 

Stoken, v. to stab, SkD, C— OF. es- 
toquer (Ducange). 

Stole, sb. stool, P ; steol, PP, Prompt. ; 
stoule, PP.— AS. stol. ' 

Stole, sb. a robe, W, Prompt ; stoole 
( = Lat. stola), W; stolis, //., W.— Lat 

Stonden ; see Standen. 

Stonge, pt. pi. stung, S ; see Sting-en. 

Stonien, v. to stun, to make a loud din, 
to amaze with a blow, SD ; stnnay, H ; 
■tunayd, pp., H; stoynde, S3. See 

Stoniynge, sb. astonishment, W ; 
stonying, W ; stoneyinge, S2 ; stoy- 
nynge, Prompt. 

Stout, /r. s. of Standen 

Stony, adj. rocky, Prompt. Comb. : 
stony see, Adria, the Adriatic Sea, W. 
— Cp. Ducange ' adria, petra ; adriaticus, 
petrosus, lapidosus portus.' 

Stoon, sb. stone, PP, W2 ; ston, PP, 
S, S3; stane, dot., S; stanes, //., S. 
Comb. : stoon-stille, still as a stone, G. — 
AS. stdn : Goth, stains. 

StOOr, sb. store,stock, provision, Prompt., 
C, C2, C3, G; store, PP. Phr. : telle no 
store, set no store by, set no value upon, 
C— OF. estore (Bartsch). 

Stope, pp. advanced, C ; stopen, CM, 
SkD (s. v. step). — AS. stopen, pp. of stapan 
(pt. st6p). 

Stor, sb. incense, S ; store, dat, S. — AS. 
stdr, incense, storax ? Lat. storacem, ace. of 
storax (Vulg.), also styrax ; Gr. arvpa^. 

Stordy, adj. rash, reckless, S; see 

Store, adj. strong, powerful, large, HD, 
Prompt. ; stoor, Prompt. — Icel. stdrr. 

Storonr, sb. restorer, S3. 

Storuen, pt. pi. died, C3 ; see Sternen. 

Stot, sb. stallion, bullock, stoat, SkD, SD ; 
caballus, Prompt., C ; stott, buculus, WA, 
Voc. ; stot, stoat, CM ; stotte, bullock, 
Cath., Palsg. ; stottis, //., PP.— Cp. Icel. 
stiitr, bull. 

Stonnde, sb. time, occasion, instant, 
period, S, S2, S3, C, C2, C3, G, PP ; stnnd, 
S, S2 ; stunt, H ; stundun, dat. pi. as 


adv., at times, H. Comb. : stound-mele, 
at times, S3. — AS. stund : OS. stunda ; cp. 
OHG. stunta, l tempus, hora ' (Tatian). 

Stounden, v. to be for a time ; stound- 
*&,pt. s., SD ; stunden,//. ( = stundeden), 

Stonpen, v. to stoop, W (John 20. 5), 
C3 ; stowpen, CM, HD.— AS. sttipian. 

Stonr, sb. conflict, commotion, agitation, 
S2, B, JD; stewre, S3; stoure, HD ; 
stoures, //. , C 2 ; stewres, S 2 . —OF. estour, 
estor, estur (Roland) ; cp. Icel. styrr,*. stir, 
tumult, battle. 

Stonr, v. to more quickly, JD ; stow- 
rand,/r./., S3. 

8tonth, sb. stealth, S3.— Icel. stuldr. — 
C£ Steltne. 

Stovys, sb. pi. vapours, S3 ; see Stew. 

Stowyn, v. to stow, bring together, 
Prompt. ; wtoaez, pr. s., S2 ; ntouwet, pp., 
PP; stawed, S2 ; staued, S2 ; stewed, 
PP.— AS. stdwigan (OET). 

Stra, sb. straw, S ; see Strawe. 

Straight (for Strait), adj. close-fitting, 
tight, S3 ; see Streyt. 

Strain, v. to distrain, S3.— AF. des- 
treindre (^pr. p. destreignant). See Strey- 

Strand, sb. stream, torrent, S2, S3, H ; 
stronde, W2 ; strynd, JD. 

Strande, sb. bank, shore, WA. 

Strang, adj. strong, S ; see Stronde. 

Strangelvn, v. to suffocate, Prompt. ; 
estrange, NED ; astrangfle, NED, MD; 
astranjreled, pp., S2. — AF. estrangler; 
Lat. strangulare, of Gr. origin ; cp. arpay- 
70X17, halter. 

Strapeles, fastenings of breeches, 
S ; strapuls, Voc. ; straplls, Cath. — AS. 
strapulas (Voc). 

Strate, sb. way, street, S ; see Strete. 

Stratly, adv. closely, S2 ; see Streyt. 

Strannge, adj strange, foreign, C, 
Prompt. ; strange, C. — AF. estrange ; Lat. 

Strannge, v. to become strange ; 
Btranjrep, pr. s., S2 ; straxuigid, pp., HD. 

Strawe, sb. straw, Prompt. ; stra, S, 
Cath. ; stree, C, Prompt. Comb. : strau- 
beri, strawberry, SD ; strabery, Cath. ; 
straberi-wytne, Cath. — AS. strlaw, stria; 
cp. Icel. strd, see Sievers, 250. 

Strayny, pr, s. subj. restrain, S2 ; see 



Straynes, sb. pi. escheats, goods of 
strangers dead without English-born issue, 
and of bastards dead intestate, PP ; strey- 
ues, P. — Cp. OF. estrahiere (Godefroy), also 
estrayere (see Cotg.), Low Lat. estraeria: 
Late Lat. extrateria ; cp. extrates (Du- 
cange). For the v intrusive see Farvis. 

Strecchen, v. to stretch, PP ; streke, 
H ; streccne on, to exert (one self), S2 ; 
strekis, pr. s., H ; strau3te, pt. s., W ; 
strei3te, W ; street, S2 ; strei^ten, //., 
W ; strekid, H ; strekand,/r. p., Si, H ; 
strekyng;, S3 ; strekid,//., H ; strante, 
pi., S ; straugnte, C— AS. streccan, pt. 
strehte, pp. streht. 

Stree, sb. straw, C ; see Strawe. 

Strem, sb. stream, ray, beam,S, S2, C2, 
Voc. ; streem, C. — AS. striam ; Icel. 
straumr\ see Douse, p. 61. 

Stren, sb. race, progeny, HD ; streen, 
C2 ; streones, //., S. — AS. strion, a get- 
ting, possession (Leo). 

Strend, sb. generation, S2 ; strinds,//., 
sons, children, W A. — AS. strynd, stock, race. 

Strenen, v. to get, beget, HD; je- 
strentt, pr. s., S ; i-streoned, //., S ; i- 
striened, S. — AS* strionan, ge-strSonan ; 
cp. OHG. {gi)striunen, to gain (Tatian). 

Strenge, sb. string, S3, H (p. 367); 
strynffe, Prompt. — AS. streng. 

Strengen, v. to strengthen, SD ; 
Strang, imp. s., S.— AS. strangian. See 

StrengSe, sb. strength, violence, S, S2 ; 
strenctfe, S ; strentte, S, S2 ; strengthes, 
//., sources of strength, C2; strenthis, 
strong places, S3. — AS. strengdu. 

Strengthen, v. to strengthen, SD ; 
strengtteV him, pr. s. reflex., S ; strengrh- 
J>ed, pt. s., S2 ; //., S2 ; i-strenffped, S. 

Strengthy, adj. strong; strenthie, 
JD ; strengrhthi, H. 

Strenken, v. to sprinkle, S. 

StrenMl, v. to sprinkle about, H ; 
strenkelyn, Prompt. ; strenkle, S2 ; 
strinkle, HD ; strenkild, pp., H. 

Strenkyl, sb. a sprinkling, a holy-water 
stick, Prompt. ; strenkle, HD ; strinkle, 
HD; strenncless,//., S. 

Streones, sb. pi. progeny, S ; see Stren. 

Strepen, v. to strip, C2, CM ; streepe, 
C ; t strnpen, S. — AS. strypan (in be- 

Strete, sb. way, street, PP, S ; strate, S ; 
stret, S.— AS. strkt: OS. strdta; Lat. 
strata (uia) ; see Sievers, 17. 



Streynen, v. to draw tight, Ca, W, 
Wa, PP ; strayny, pr. s. subj., Sa.— AF. 
streign- base of streignant, pr. p. of strein- 
dre (straindre) ; Lat. stringer e. 

Streyt, pp. and adj. pressed tightly, 
narrow, strict, S2, C ; strelte, S3, C ; 
straight, S3 ; strayte, pi., Sa ; streyte, 
adv. closely, S2, C; streitliche, Sa ; 
■tratly, Sa ; streatly, S3.— -AF. estreit 
{est rait) ; Lat. strictum. 

Strif, sb. strife, S; stryf, C— AF. 
estrif; of Teutonic origin ; see below. 

Strifen, v. to strive, Sa ; stryvyn, 
Prompt. ; strof, //. s., C. — OF. estriver : 
Prov. estribar\ OHG. stribhan; cp. G. 
streben; see Kluge (s. v.), and Mackel, 
Germ. Elemente. 

Strike, sb. hank of flax, C, HD. 

Striken, v. to strike, to nib, to let 
down, to advance, to move quickly, to 
flow, Sa, SkD ; stryke, PP, Palsg. ; strok, 
pt. s., PP; stroke, P, WW ; strake, S3, 
WW ; strook, Sh. ; strek, SkD ; strike, 
//., S ; strake, Sa ; strocke, S3 ; striked, 
pp., PP, WW ; striken, WW ; stricken, 
WW; strooke, Sh.— AS. strkan, pt. 
strdc (pi. stricon), pp. strieen. 

Strogelen, v. to struggle, C3, SkD. 

Strogelynge, sb. struggling, Prompt. 

Stronde, sb. shore, strand, Prompt, S, 
C, C3, HD.— AS. strand. Cf. Strande. 

Stronde, sb. stream, torrent, Wa; see 

Stronge, adj. strong, hard, severe, 
Prompt., S2 ; strong, S ; stranff, S, S2 ; 
stronge, adv., S, G ; strengre, comp., S ; 
strengere, S, Sa, Wa ; stronger, Ca ; 
strenffeste, super!. , S; strongest, G. — 
AS. Strang, comp. strengor, superl. strengest. 

Strook, sb. stroke, Ca. See Striken. 

Stroyen, v. to destroy, PP, G, S3; 
struyen, P ; stroy, Sa, Sh. ; strnen, pr. 
pi, PP ; stryede,//. s., Sa.— AF. destruy- 

base of destruyant, pr. p. of destruire\ 
Late Lat. *destr&gere\ formed on Lat. 
destructus, pp. oidestruere. 

Strupen, v. to strip, S ; see Strepen. 

Stuard, sb. steward, S ; see Sty. 

Stnbbe, sb. stump, trunk, C ; stub, 


Stncche, sb. piece, S ; stecne, S. — AS. 

stycce : OHG. stuki (Tatian). 

Stnde, sb. place, S ; see Stede. 

Stnes, sb. pi. stews, baths, brothels, P ; 

see Stewe. 


Stnnd, sb. time, occasion, period, in- 
stant, S ; see Stonnde. 

Stnnt, adj. blunt, not sharp, obtuse, 
foolish, SD, HD, SkD; stnntlio, adv., 
foolishly, SD. Der. : stnntnesse, foolish- 
ness, SD. — Cp. OSwed. stunt, cut short. 

Sturdy, adj. obstinate, stern, cruel, 
rash, Prompt, Ca ; stordy, CM, S; stourdy, 
SD.— OF. estourdi, amazed, rash (Cotg.), 
estordi, pp. of estordir; from Lat. turdus, 
a thrush ; see Forster, ZRP, x. 84. 

Sturdynesse, sb. sternness, disobe- 
dience, Prompt., Ca. 

Sturioun, sb. sturgeon, Sa, HD. — AF. 
sturioun ; Low Lat. sturionem; from OHG. 

Sturne, Sturn-hede ; see Sterne. 

Sturuen, pt. pi. died, S ; see Steruen. 

Sty, sb. path, Sa, Prompt.; stiffke, 
dot., H ; stdfrhes, pi., H ; stine*, Sa ; 
sties, Sa ; styes, H ; steghes, H. — AS. 
stlg. See Stien. 

Sty, sb. sty, porcarium, Prompt Comb. : 
sty-ward, steward, senescallus, Prompt, 
Ca, C3 ; stiward, S, C ; steward, PP ; 
stnward, P ; stnard, S.— AS. stigu t a sty, 
whence stigweard. 

Styf, adj. stiff, strong, violent, PP, S2 ; 
stif, S, Sa, PP; steef, Wa ; stef, PP. 
Der. : stef-nede, sturdiness, Sa.— AS. stif; 
see SkD. 

Styh, pt. s. mounted, Sa ; see Stien. 

Stynten, v. to stint, cease, pause, PP, 

Sa, H ; stinten, Ca, C3, Sa, S ; stnnten, 

PP ; stente, Ca, S3 ; //. s., Ca ; stint, Sa ; 

stynted, //., S3; stent, pp., C— AS. 

styntan, to make short. See Stunt. 
Sty-rop, stirrup, Prompt., G; stirop, 

S,Ca; stiroppe, S3.— AS. stig-rdp(V oc). 

See Stien. 
Su- ; see also Sw-. 
Sua, so, as, S, Sa ; see Swa. 
Sual, sb. swell (as of the sea), H. See 

Suank, toiled, Sa ; see Swinken. 
Sublymatorie, sb. vessels for subli- 
mation, C3. — Late Lat. sublimatorium. 
Sublymen, v. to sublimate, C3. — Lat. 

Sublymingy sb. sublimation, C3. 
Succinis, sb. amber, Sa. — From Lat. 

succinum ^Voc.). 
Sudarie, sb. napkin, W ; sudary, HD. 

— Lat. sudarium (Vulg.). 
Sudekene, sb. sub-deacon, HD. 


Sndene, sb. sab-dean, PP; suddene,PP. 

Snein, sb. servant, S2 ; see Sweyn. 

Snen, v. to follow, attend on, persecute, 
PP, W, Wa, Sa, S3 ; rawen, S2, W, PP; 
■•wen, PP, S2, C; iwe, S3, W.— OF. siw-, 
pr. p. base of sivre : Late Lat. sZquere (for 
Lat. sequi) ; see BH, § 32. 

Suencten, //. //. afflicted, S; see 

Snere, sb. follower, W. 

Suffisance, sb. sufficiency, Ca.— AF. 

Suffisant, adj. sufficient, Sa, Ca, C3.— 
AF. sujjisant. 

SufEragane, sb. assistant, deputy, prop- 
erly of a bishop, S3. — Late Lat. suffraganeus. 

Suifraunoe, sb. endurance, patience, 
C2 ; soffraunce, PP ; suffrance, P.— AF. 

Suffren, v. to suffer, Ca, PP; suffri, 
S ; soffren, PP.— OF. suffrir. 

Sttfrayn ; see Souereyn. 

Suget, sb. subject, H (p. 361).— AF. 
suget ; Lat. subiectum. 

Sugetin, v. to subject ; sugetide, pt. s., 
W ; suget, pp., W, Wa. 

Sugge, 2 pr. s. subj. say, S ; see Sefrgfen. 

Snggestioun, sb. criminal charge, 
reason, P, Ca. — AF. suggestioun; Lat. 

Sullien, v. to sough, sound harsh ; su- 
hiende, pr. p. pi, S (9. 336) ; rainde, S.— 
From AS. sivdgan. See Swowen. 

Suik, sb. deceit, S2 ; see Swlke. 

Sold, should ; see Scholde. 

Sulf, self, S ; see Self. 

Sulien, v. to bemire, to sully, SkD, SD ; 
y-suled, pp., S3.— AS. sylian: OHG. 
sulian (in bi-sulian), see Grein, p. 95 ; cp. 
AS. sol, mire (Voc). 

Sullen, v. to sell, S, S2 ; see Scllen. 

Suller, sb. seller, S2 ; see Seller. 

Sullicne, adv. strangely, S ; see Sellich. 

Suluer, sb. silver, Sa ; see Siluer. 

Snl^art, adj. (perhaps) bright, shining, 
§3- — (^f- Gael, soilleir, bright, shining, 
O.Irish sollus, bright.— W.W.S.) 

Snl^e, sb. soil, earth, S3 ; soyle. Prompt 
Comb.-, sule erthe, soil, Prompt.— AF. 
soy I; Late Lat. solea used for Lat. solum, 
ground, see Ducange. 

Sum, adj. and pron. some, a certain one, 
S ; som, Sa ; sumere, dot., S ; sume, //., 
S. Comb. ; sume we, some of us, S ; alle | 



and some, one and all, Sa ; ram .... ram, 
one .... one, S ; ram-chere, some time, S ; 
ramdel, something, S, Sa ; somdel, Sa, 
Ca ; ramdeale, S3 ; ramdeill, S3 ; ram- 
deel, Wa ; some dele, P ; ramnwet, 
somewhat, S ; somwat, Sa ; summe- 
hwile, for some time, S ; sume wile, some- 
times, S ; ramwile. formerly, S ; somtym, 
sometimes, C3; summes-weis, in some 
wise, S. 

Sum, conj. as. Comb. : swa ramm, so as, S. 

Sumer, sb. summer, S ; see Somer. 

Sumundis, pr. s. summonses, H ; see 

Sund, adj. sound, S ; sound, PP. — AS. 
(ge)sund; cp. OKG. gi-sunt (Otfrid). 

Sunder, adv. apart; sonder, Sa. Comb.: 
sunder-bleo, diverse colour, SD ; ■under- 
name, Pharisee, SD ; sunder-liche, sepa- 
rately, S ; randirly, severally, H ; sun- 
der-lipes, severally, SD ; sunder-lepes, S ; 
sunder-lln?, separately, SD. Der. : sun- 
dren, to separate, S ; i-sundred, pp., S ; 
sundrl, separate, S ; sondxy, C2. 

Sunegen, v. to sin, S; uneven, S; 
sungl'S, //., S ; suneg*eden, pt. pi., S ; 
mnegeden, S ; sene^den, S ; sene^eden, 
S ; sinewed, pp., S ; i-raneged, S.— AS. 
syngian ; cp. Icel. syndga. 

Sunen, v. to sound, S ; see Sonnen. 

Sungen, //. //. sang, S ; see Syngen. 

Sunne, sb. sun, S, Sa ; see Sonne. 

Sunne, sb. sin, S, S2, PP; senne, S; 
sinne, S ; synne, PP ; senne, S 2 ; snnnen, 
pi., S; sennenn, S; sinne, S; sennen, 
Sa. Comb. : sun-bend, sin-bond, S ; 
sinne-bendes, pi., S : sun -bote, penance, 
S ; sinbote, S ; sunful, sinful, S ; sen- 
lulle, S; sinfule, S.— AS. synn : OS. 
sundea ; cp. OHG. sunta (Tatian). 

Suor, pt. t. of Sweren, q. v. 

Sup, v. to sup, drink gradually, eat 
supper, S3 ; soop, //. s., W ; sopun, pp., 
W ; sope, W. — AS. stipan, pt. siap vpl. 
supon) % pp. sopen. Cf. Sonpen. 

Superflue, adj. superfluous, HD ; 
superfluli, adv., W2. — OF. superftu 
(Cotg.); Lat superfluum. 

Supplement, sb. new piece, patch, Sa. 
— Lat. supplementum. 

Supposinge, sb. supposition, Ca. 

SuppOSS, conj. supposing, although, S3. 

Supprioure, sb. sub-prior, P. 

Sur, sb. shower; sures, //., S; see 



Snr, adj. sour, S ; see Sour. 

Sure, adj. sure, PP.— AF. seilr; Lat. 

Snren, v. to give security to, PP, S3. 

Surety, sb. surety; senrtee, C3, Sa ; 
senrte, C; sonerte, S3. — AF. seiirte; 
Lat. securitatem. 

Surfeit, sb. surfeit, excess, P ; snrfet, 
PP. — AF. sur/ait, surfet, outrage, annoy- 

Snrplys, sb. surplice, C3.— OF. surplis ; 
Late Lat. superpelliceum. 

Snrquidry, sb. pride, arrogance, WA ; 
snrqnedxy, ND, Spenser 2 ; snrqnidrie, 
CM ; snccndxy, B. — OF. surcuiderie, from 
surcuider ; Lat. super + cogitare, to think. 

Surrye, sb. Syria, Sa. 

Surryen, adj. Syrian, Sa. 

Suspect, sb. suspicion, Ca, HD.— Late 
Lat. suspectus, suspicion (Ducange). 

Suspect, adj. open to suspicion, C2. — 
Lat. suspectus, pp. of suspicere, to suspect. 

Snstene, v. to sustain, Ca ; snsteene, 
C3 ; snsteyne, PP ; snstened, pp., Ca ; 
i-snsteined, S2 ; i-sonsteined, Sa. — AF. 
sustener, OF. sostenir ; Lat. sustinere. 

Suster, sb. sister, S, Ca, C3, PP; sostex, 
Sa ; snstre, P ; sustren, //., S, P ; sos- 
tren, Sa ; sostren, S2 ; sistren, C ; 
sistris, W. — AS. swuster, sweostor; cp. 
Goth, swistar (Icel. systir), cognate with 
Lat. soror (for *sosor), Skt. svasr. On the 
Teutonic intrusive t see Douse, p. 61. 

Snte, sb. suit of clothes, clothing of 
human flesh, also train, suite, PP, Cath., 
Prompt. — AF. suyte ; from suivre, sivre, to 
follow. See Snen. 

Sutel, adj. manifest, SD; snteliche, 
adv. plainly, S. — AS. sweotol (swutol), see 
OET; from sweot, an assembly; cp, Icel. 

Suteli, adv. subtly, W ; see Sotyle. 

Sntelin, v. to be manifest, S.— -AS. 

SvX, adj. south, S ; see Sowthe. 

Snpe, adv. very, S ; see Swlthe. 

Sn])]>e, afterwards, since, S, Sa ; see 

Suthroun,^*. southern, S3; seeSowth- 

Snun, sb. a swoon, S2 ; see Swowne. 

Snwed,//. followed, Sa ; see Snen. 

Swa, adv. and conj. so, as, S, Sa ; iwo, 
S ; sa, S, Sa ; so, S, Sa ; se, S ; sna, S, Sa ; 

, SWEM. 

sno, Sa. Comb. : se-fortt, so far, S ; so- 
gfat, in such a way, Sa. — AS. swd. 

Swage, v. to assuage, diminish, W, Wa, 
H. S3. See Aswagen. 

Swaliden, //. pi. dried up, W ; see 

Swamish., adj. timorous, inaudaculus, 
Manip. See Sweem. 

Swappe, sb. a stroke, HD. 

Swappen, v. to strike, slash, to fall 
suddenly, C2 ; swap, imp. s., C3 ; swapte, 
pt.s., Ca;//., S3. 

Swarde, sb. covering, skin, turfy surface, 
sward, Prompt. ; swarth, Cath. (». p. 373) ; 
swarthe, HD ; swart, HD ; sweard, HD. 
Der. : swardit, pp., grass-covered, S3. — 
AS. sweard, skin (Voc.) ; cp. Icel. svortfr 
(base svartia-), skin of tbe head, also the 
sward, surface of the earth. 

Sware, adj. square, Sa ; see Sqware. 

Swart, adj. black, S, HD ; swarte, S. 
— AS. sweart: OS. swart; cp. OHG. 
suarz (Tatian). 

Swarve, v f to swerve, S3 ; see Swernen. 

Swat ; see Swot. 

Swatte, Swat ; see Sweten. 

Swe, v. to follow, S3 ; see Snen. 

Sweande; seeSweyen. 

Sweem, sb. a swoon, trance, grief, 
Prompt., SkD (s.v. squeamish) ; sweam, 
' subita aegrotatio,' SkD ; swaint, Prompt. 
(n) ; swem, S ; sweme, SkD, HD ; snme, 
Sa. — Icel. sveimr, a bustle, stir. 

Sweigh, sb. sway, motion, Sa, C3. See 

Swele, v. to wash, Sa ; see Swilien. 

Swelen, v. to sweal, to waste away 
under the action of fire, SkD,Trevisa, 3. 335 ; 
swale, HD ; swaliden, pt. pi., dried up, 
W.— AS. swilan ; from sw6l, heat (OET). 

Swollen, v. to swell ; swal, //. s., S, 
Sa, Ca, PP; swoUen, pp., Ca.— AS. 
swellan, pt. sweall, pp. swollen. 

Swelten, v. to faint, to die, PP; swalt, 
pt. *., SD ; swnlten,//., SD ; swelte, //. 
s. {weak), C, HD.— AS. sweltan, to die, pt 
swealt (pi. swulton) ; cp. Icel. svelta. 

Swelten, v. to destroy, to cause to 
perish, Sa ; awelt,//., SD. — Icel. svelta, to 
put to death (causal of the above). 

Swelth, sb. offscouring, filth, S3, HD, 
ND. See Swilian. 

Swelwen, v. to swallow, Ca; see 

Swem, sb. a grief, S ; see Sweem. 


Swenchen, v. to distress, afflict, S; 
snencten,, S ; i-swecnte, pp., S. — 
AS. swencan (causal of swincan). See 

Sweore, sb. neck, S ; see Swere. 

Sweote, adj sweet, S ; see Swete. 

Swep, sb. drift, meaning, S. See Swopen. 

Swepe, sb. whip, SD ; swepen, //., S ; 
swnpen, S ; swepes, S. 

Swepen, v. to sweep, SkD ; y-sweped, 
pp., C3. See Swopen. 

Swerde* sb. sword, Prompt., PP; swerd, 
PP, S, C2 ; sweord, S ; snerd, S, S2 ; 
suord, S2. — AS. sweordx OS. swerd; cp. 
OHG. swert (Tatian). 

Swere, sb. neck, S; sweere, G; see 

Sweren, v. to swear, S, S2, C2 ; iwe- 
rien, S ; sueren, S ; swor, //. s.,S: snor, 
S, S2 ; sware, S2 ; sweren, pi., S ; 
sworen, S, C2 ; suoren, S ; more, S2 ; 
sworen,//., S ; swore, C2, G ; y-swore, 
S2, C2 ; i-suore, S2. — AS. swerian, pt. 
swtfr, pp. sworen. 

Swering, sb. swearing, C3. 

Swernen, v. to swerve, SkD ; swarve, 
S3 ; snarnlng', pr. p., S3 ; swarued, pp., 
S3. — AS. sweorfan, to rub, pt. swearf, pp. 

Swete, adj. sweet, S, C ; sweote, S ; 
suete, S, S2 ; mote, S2 ; sote, C2, C3 ; 
swete, adv., S ; swote, S, C ; soote, S3 ; 
soot, S3; swettere, comp., Wa; swete- 
licne, adv., sweetly, S ; swetlike, S ; swet- 
terly, comp. more sweetly, H. Der. : 
swetnesse, sweetness, S ; swotnesse, S. — 
AS. swete : OS. sw6U; cp. OHG. suozi 

Sweten, v. to make sweet, S. — AS. 

Sweten, v. to sweat, S, P ; swatte, pt. 
s. t S, C2, C3, Wa ; swattes, 2 pt. s. t S ; 
Swat,//., S3. — AS. swatan, pt. swktte. See 

Swenen, sb. dream. S, C2; sweuene, 
S, S2, P, W ; swefaes, //., S. — AS. swefen : 
OS. sweban. 

Sweuenen, v. to dream, SD. 

Sweuening, sb. dreaming, S, S2. 

Sweuien, v. to send to sleep ; sweuett, 
pr. s., S. — Icel. svefja, to lull to sleep. 

Sweyen, v. to sway, to go, walk, pass, 
SkD, HD ; sweijen, SD ; swefen, SkD ; 
sweande, pr. p., S2 ; swe, pr. pi., S2 ; 
seyed, pp.,.S2. — Cp. Swed. sviga, to bend. 



Sweyen, v. to sound, PP ; sweien, S. 
— AS. swtgan (causal of swdgan). See 

Sweyne, sb. servant, armiger, Prompt., 
S ; swayn, C2, G ; swein, S ; sueyn, S ; 
snein, S2. — Icel. sveinn, a boy, lad, ser- 
vant ; cp. AS. swdn. 

Swi-, prefix, silent. Comb. : swi-dag'es, 
still days, days of silence, S ; swi-messe, 
the Canon of the Mass, the silent Mass, 
S; swi-wike, the still week, SD.— AS. 
swlge, silence. 

Swien, v. to be silent ; swigett, pr. s., 
S ; swiede, pt. s., S. — AS. swlan, swlgian ; 
cp. OHG. suligtn (Tatian). 

Swiere, sb. neck, S ; see Swire. 

Swike, sb. traitor, deceiver, S ; suites, 
pi., S. — AS. swica. 

Swike, sb. mouse-trap, S ; swyke, Voc. ; 
sulk, deceit, S2. — AS. swice, •scandalum* 

Swike, adj. deceitful, SD. Comb. : 
swikedom, treachery, S, S2 ; snikedom, 
S2 ; swicful, treacherous, S ; swikfoll, 
H. — AS. swice. 

SwikeL, adj. treacherous, S, H ; sikil, 
H ; swikiUy, adv., H. Comb. : swikel- 
dom, treachery, S ; swikeldome, S2 ; 
swikelhede, treachery, S ; swikelede, S ; 
snikelnede, S2. — AS. swicol. 

Swiken, v. to cease, fail, deceive, S ; 
swyken, H; suyken, pt. pi., S.— AS: 
swican, pt. swdc (pi. swi con), pp. swicen. 

Swilien, v. to wash, SkD ; swele, S2. 
— AS. swilian. 

Swilk, adj. such, H, S ; see Swycne. 

Swin, sb. pig, porcus, SD ; swyne, Voc; 
//., S. — AS. swin. 

Swinden, v. to perish, dwindle away, S ; 
swynde, S. — AS. swindan, pt. swand (pi. 
swundon), pp. swunden. 

Swing, sb. bias, inclination, sway, HD ; 
free course of behaviour, S3 ; swing's, 
sway, S3. 

Swingen, v. to swing, beat, whip, 
scourge ; swyngen, H ; swungen, //., S ; 
swongen, H ; swongyn, H. — AS. swingan, 
pt. swang (pi. swungon), pp. swungen. 

Swink, sb. toil, S, C3; swynk, S2; 
swine, S ; sninc, S ; swinch, S; swnnche, 
S. — AS. (ge)swinc. 

Swinken, v. to toil, S, C3,ND; swynke, 
S2, C ; swincke, S3 ; swane, //. j., S ; 
swone, S; swunken, pi., S; swonken, 
S2 ; snank, S2. — AS. swincan, pt. swanc 
(pi. swuncon), pp. swuncen. 


Swinkere, sb. labourer, C. 

Swippen, v. to move violently; swipte, 
//. s., tossed, S. — AS. swipian. 

Swire, sb. neck, CM ; swyxe, S2, HD ; 
sweore, S ; swere, S ; sweere, G; ewiere 
S ; swyer, HD. — AS. sweora. 

Swirk, v. to dart swiftly away, S3. 

Swirk, sb. a jerk, a blow, HD. 

Swith.6, adv. very, greatly, much, quick- 
ly, S, S2, P, W, G ; swytne, S, S2, C3 ; 
swntte, S ; sniBe, S, S2 ; snytte, S, S2 ; 
snpe, S ; swith, S2 ; swiBeliene, exceed- 
ingly, S. — AS. swWe, adv. from switi, 
strong : Goth, swinths. 

SwiVen, v. to scorch, burn, SD; swidett, 
pr. s., S. — Icel. sviSa. 

Swo, so, as, S ; see Swa. 

Swogh, sb. a swoon ; see Swongh. 

Swolowe, sb. gulf, W2. 

SwolOWen, v. to swallow, Wa ; swoL- 
wen, C3 ; swelwen, C2, Prompt. ; swol- 
len, pp., S ; i-swol^e, S ; »wolewld, pt. s. 
weak, W2. — From AS. swelgan, pt swealh 
(pi. swulgon), pp. swolgen. 

Swongen,^. beaten, H ; see Swingen. 

Swonken, pt. pi. toiled (to get), S2 ; 
see Swinken. 

Swopen, v. to sweep, cleanse, S2, PP, 
HD, SkD (s.v. swoop). — AS. swdpan, pt. 
swiop, pp. swdpen. 

Swor, //. /. of Sweren, q. v. 

Swot, sb. sweat, PP, W; swat, S; 
swote, dat., C3. — AS. swdt. 

Swote, adj. sweet, S, C ; see Swete. 

SwOTLCh., v. to make a rustling sound, 
S3. — AS. swdgan. See Swowen. 
- Swough, sb. the sound of the wind, a 
sighing, swoon, C, C2, CM, HD ; swogh, 
S3, HD ; swowe, S2, HD. See above. 

Swowe, sb. swoon, S2 ; see Swongh. 

Swowen, v. to faint, swoon, PP ; 1- 
SW05C //., S ; y-«wo3e, S. — AS. sw6gan y 
to make a noise like the wind, to sough, 
sigh. Cf. Swonch, Swongh, Snhien. 

Swowne, sb. swoon ; sowne, S3 ; sunn, 
S2 ; swownde, HD ; sonnd, S3. 

Swownen, v. to swoon, C, C2, C3, 
Prompt., Cath. ; swonne, PP. 

Swnnche, sb. toil, S ; see Swink. 

Swnngen, pp. beaten, scourged, S; 
see Swingen. 

Swunken, pt. pi. worked, toiled, S ; 
see Swinken. 


Swnpen, //. whips, scourges, S; see 


SwnSe, adv. very, quickly, S; see 


Swyche, adj. such, PP, S2 ; swiche, S, 

C2, PP ; swneh, S; snioh, S2 ; sooha, S; 

anyone, S2 ; stone, W ; swice, S ; 

swnlche, S ; swlloh, S ; swnle, S ; swile, 

S ; swilk, H, S ; snilc, S ; snllk, S, S2 ; 

silo, S2; sike, S3. — AS. swilc (=swd + 

Swymbel. sb. a giddy motion, C. — Cp. 
Dan. svimmel, giddiness. 

Swyme, sb. dizziness, vertigo, HD 
(s. v. swime), SkD (s. v. swim, 2) ; swym, 
SkD. — AS. swima ; see SkD (s.v. squeam- 

Sy, sb. victory, S ; see Sije. 

Syde, adj. and adv. wide, long, far, 
Cath. ; side, S, PP, S2, Cotg. (s.v. robon) ; 
syd, Prompt. (») ; syyd, Prompt. ; cyyd, 
Prompt. ; sydder, cornp., P. — AS. sid % 
wide, side, far. 

Syen, //. //. saw ; see Seon. 

Syke, sb. sigh, C ; syk, C2 ; seych, S3. 

Syken, v. to sigh, C, C3, PP ; «iken, S, 
S2, PP; syghte, pt. s., C3 ; «icht, S3 ; 
sykede, PP ; syked, C2 ; si*ede, S3.— AS. 

Syment, sb. cement, MD; cyment, 
MD. — OF. ciment\ Lat. caementum; see 
BH, § 39. 

Symented, pp. cemented, Sa. 

Synmlacris, sb. pi. images, idols, W ; 
simylacris, W ; symelacris, W. — Lat. 
simulacrum (Vulg.). 

Syn, since, S2, S3 ; see Stiffen. 

Synewe, sb. sinew, Prompt. ; synow, 
Voc. ; synoghe, S2. — AS. sinu (gen. 
sinwe), see Sievers, 259. 

Syng, sb. sign, S3 ; aingne, W ; aygne, 
PP; eigne, PP.— AF. signe ; Lat signum. 

Syngabil, adj. pi. things to sing (= Lat. 
cantabues), H. 

Syngen, v. to sing, PP ; singen, S ; 
song, //. s. t S, S3, C2 ; pi., S3 ; aonge, 
S3 ; snngen, pi, S ; snnge,//., S; songe, 
C2. — AS. singan. 

Synguler, adj. sole, alone, excelling 
all, PP; slngnler, S2, C3, W2 ; relating 
to one person, S3 ; singnlare, individual, S3 ; 
syngnlerli, only, W2. — Lat. singula ris. 

Synnamome, sb. cinnamon, S3 ; eyna- 
ntonte, MD ; synamome, MD : synamon, 
MD. — OF. cinamome\ Lat. cinnamomum 
(Vulg. ; Gr. Kwapmyw \ Heb. qinndmon. 


Synopyr, sb. a pigment of reddish and 
greenish colour, Prompt. ; »ynopar, S3 ; 
cynoper, MD ; dnoper, ND ; oynope, 
green, in heraldry, SkD (s.v. sinople). — Cp. 
OF. sinople, green colour in blazon (Cotg.), 
also sinope ; Late Lat. sinopidem, red ochre ; 
from Gr. aivanrU, a red earth ; from ^ivojvtj, 
Sinope, a port on the Black Sea. 

Syon, sb. scion, a cutting for grafting, a 
young shoot, S3, Palsg. ; cyan, Prompt ; 
don, SkD; sionn, SD; sionns, //., 
branches (**Lat.palmites), W2. — OF. cion. 



Syrnpe, sb. syrup, Cath. ; strop, SkD ; 
■oxyp, Prompt. ; »eroppe», //. syrups, S3. 
— OF. syrop (Cotg.) ; Arab, shurdb, syrup, 
a beverage. 

Sythe, sb. scythe, PP, Voc., Prompt.; 
sltne, P.— AS. site (Voc), sigdi (OET) ; 
cp. Icel. sigdr. 

Syne, sb. sieve, C3, Prompt. — AS. sife 
(Voc), sibi (OET), see Sievers, 262. 
Sy^eil, pt. pi. saw ; see Seen. 
Sy^t, sb. sight, S2 ; see Sight*. 

Ta-, Te-. 

Ta, v. to take, S2, S3 ; see Take. 

Taa. Comb. : the taa, the one, HD. 

Taa, sb. toe, S2 ; see Too. 

Tabard, sb. a short coat or mantle, 
usually sleeveless, formerly worn by plough- 
men, noblemen, and heralds, now by heralds 
only, HD, SkD, C ; tabart, S2, PP ; tab- 
tabexd, Voc; taberde, Voc; tabare, 
Voc — OF. tabard, tabart, also tabarre 
(Cotg.) ; cp. It. tabarro. 

Tabarder, sb. a name for scholars at 
Queen's College, Oxford, ND. 

Tabernacle, sb. a place in which some 
holy thing is deposited, WA ; tabernacles, 
//., niches of a lofty cross, S3 ; ornamental 
niches, HD ; shrines, S3 (1. 181). — Lat. 
tabernaculum (Vulg.) ; cp. OF. tabernacle 

Table, sb. in palmistry, a space between 
certain lines on the hand, HD ; tables, pi., 
a game, now called backgammon, CM. See 

Tabour, sb. a small drum, SkD ; tabnr, 
WA ; taber, Voc— OF. tabor, thabour. 

Tabnrne, sb. a drum, tympanum, WA, 
Voc, Cath. ; tabnrn, H. 

Taburner, sb. a player on the tabor, 
timpanista, Cath.; tmbexnmr, timpanizator, 

Tab nriiy » tl r , sb. female tabor player 

{*=tympanistria), H. 

Tache, sb. a mark, sign, quality, stain, 

blemish, fault, HD ; tacche, HD ; taoehes, 
//., PP ; taoenis, HD ; tecnes, S2. Der. : 

taohed,//., tainted, stained ; taohyd, PP. 

— OF. tache, teche, and OF. tocher, to spot, 

to stain. 

Tache, sb. a clasp, hroochyjibula, Cath. 
(»), Voc. Cf. Takke. 

Tachen, v. to fasten, Cath. (w). Cf. 

Tacne, sb. token, S ; see Tokne. 

Tacnen, v. to betoken, S ; tokened,//., 
S2 — AS. {ge)tdcnian. 

Tade, sb. toad, bufo, Voc, Cath., S2 ; 
tadde, S. Comb. : tadde-chese, tubcra, 
Voc. ; tadde-pol, brucus, Voc ; tadpolle, 
lumbricus, Voc. ; tade-stole, boletus, fun- 
gus, Cath.— Cp. AS. tddige (tddt'e). 

Taffata, sb. a thin glossy silk stuff, C, 
WA, Cotg.; tafata, Palsg. ; taflaty, HD. 
— Low Lat. taffata (Duoange); cp. OF. 
taffetas (Cotg.). 

Tahte, Tagte, pt. s. of Teehen. 

Tai, they, S ; see pel. 

Taille, sb. a tally, an account scored on 
a piece of wood, C, P ; taile, CM, P ; 
tayle, Cath., Prompt. ; taly, Prompt.— OF. 
taille, a cut, a notch, a tally (Cotg.), from 
tailler, to cut. 

Taillonr,^. tailor, S2, PP ; tayle30ur, 
Voc ; tayl5or, Voc. ; taylonrs, PP.— AF. 
taillour. See above. 

Takel, sb. implement, tackle, arrow, C, 
SkD ; taole, Prompt. ; takll, B. Der. : 
taklld, pp., caught, seized, H. — Cp. Du. 

Taken, v. to take, to deliver, yield up, 
hand over, to hit, reflex., to betake oneself, 
S, S2, S3, G, PP, W ; taoen, S ; ta, S2, 
S3, B ; toe,//, s., S ; tok, S, S2 ; tuk, S3 ; 
toke, 2 //. s. f S ; token, //., S, W2 ; taken, 
pp., S3 ; take, S2,C, C2 ; y-take, S2, C2 ; 
1-take, S ; tane, S2, S3 ; tan, S2. Phr.\ 
taken with, to endure, accept, S ; taken 



to, to take to, S (s. v. tok) ; taken kepe, to 
take heed, C2 ; taken tome, to vacate, H. 
— Icel. taka. 

Taken, sb. token, S2 ; see Tokne. 

Taking, sb. snare ; takyng", Wa. 

Takke, sb. button, clasp, Prompt. Cf. 

Takken, v. to fasten, to sew together, 
Prompt. Cf. Tacnen. 

Takning, sb. signification, S2; see 

Tal, adj. seemly, Prompt. 

Talde, pt. s. of Tellen. 

Tale, sb. account, reckoning, tale, narra- 
tive, talk, the gospel narrative, S, S2, C2, 
PP. Comb. : tale-teUour, tale-bearer, PP; 
tale-wys, slanderous, PP ; tal-wis, PP.— 
AS. talu, i numerus, narratio ' ; cp. OHG. 
zala * numerus ' (Tatian). 

Talen, v. to speak, C, S2. — AS. talian, 
to reckon (Grein). 

Talent, sb. desire, inclination, appetite, 
B, Prompt., C3, HD.— OF. talent, desire 
(BH) ; Late Lat. talentum (Ducange). 

Talvace, sb. a kind of buckler or shield, 
HD; talvas, HD.— OF. talevas, talvas 
(Ducange), also tallevas (Cotg.) ; cp. Low 
Lat. talavacius (Ducange). 

Talyage, sb. a taxing, Prompt, (s. v. 
taske) ; tallage, flavour, S3 ; talaffe, HD. 
—Low Lat. talliagium, a taxing, testing 
public weights and measures (Ducange). 

Tan,//, taken, S2 ; see Take. 

Tancrit, adj. transcribed; tanerete, S3. 
— OF. tancrit; Lat. transcriptum (Du- 

Tang, sb. sea-weed, SkD, JD. Comb. : 
tang-nsn, the seal, JD. — lct\. pang. 

Tangle, sb. sea-weed, HD, JD.— Icel. 

Tangle, p. to twist confusedly; tang-ell, 
Palsg. ; tangild,//., ensnared, H (p. 149). 

Tapecer, sb. a maker of tapestry, 
Prompt. ; tapicer, C ; tapesere, Prompt. 
— OF. tapissier, from tapis , tapiz ; Late Gr. 
ravinov, for rairffTiov. Cf. Tapet. 

Tapecerye, sb. tapestry, HD.— OF. 

Tapet, sb. cloth, hangings, tapestry, 
Prompt., ND ; tappet, HD ; tapite, S3 ; 
tapyt, Voc. ; tapett, Cath. ; tapetis, pi. 
(=Lat. tapetes), W2 ; tapites, HD; ta- 
pets, S3. Der. :\, tapiter, a maker of 
tapestry, HD. — Lat. tapete, from Gr. TamJ- 
tiov. Cf. Tapecer. 


Tapinage, sb. secret sculking, HD. — 

OF. tapinage (Ducange) ; cp. tapir, to hide 


Tapissynge, sb. hangings, H. 

Tappe, sb. a tap, clipsidra, Prompt. ; 
teppe, SD. Comb.: tap-tre, clipsidra, 

HD, Cath. 

Tappestere, sb. a female tapster, C ; 
tapstare, propinaria, Prompt 

Tarette, sb. ship of heavy burden, S2. 
— Low Lat. tareta, also tarida (Ducange) ; 
cp. OF. taride. 

Targe, sb. a charter, Prompt 

Targe, sb. a small shield, C, S2, Voc. — 
OF. targe (BH) ; cp. targue (Cotg.). 

Target, sb. a small targe, Prompt ; 
targ-ett, Voc. ; tergute, S3 ; targuttes, 
pi., Ski). — Low Lat. targeta ; cp. It. tar- 
ghetta (Florio). 

Tarien, v. to delay, to hinder, C2 ; to 
tarry, W2, S3 ; see Terien. 

Tame, sb, a girl, HD. — Icel. pema ; cp. 
OHG. thiarna (Otfrid) ; see Kluge (s. v. 
dime). See perne. 

Tame, sb. a tam ; see Terne. 

Tas, sb. heap, C; taas, C; tasae, 
Prompt., HD.— OF. tas, stack, heap (BH) ; 
cp. Du. tas, Low Lat tassis (Voc.), tassus 

Taske, sb. a taxing, Prompt. ; a task, 
HD, Palsg. — Cp. Late Lat. tasca for taxa, 
a tax. See Taxen. 

Tasker, sb. a thrasher, Voc, HD ; 
taskar, B ; taskur, Bardsley. 

Tassel, sb. male hawk ; see Tercel. 

Tast, sb. taste, S3, PP ; taast, Prompt. 

Tasten, v. to feel, touch, kiss, taste, 
C3, PP ; taasten, Prompt. ; tast, //. s., 
probed, HD. — OF. taster, to feel by touch, 
to taste (F. tdter) ; Late Lat. *taxitare, 
frequent, of Lat taxare, to handle. 

Tatter, a shred, loose-hanging rag, a 
ragged person, ND, SkD; totters, //., 
rags, Sh. Der. : tatered, adj., jagged, S3. 
— Icel. lolturr (for tolturr), toturr. 

Tanny, adj. tawny, P ; tanny, Prompt 
— AF. taune, OF. tanne, tawny, tanned, pp. 
of taner, to tan (BH). 

Tavel, sb. the game of « tables,' back- 
gammon, SD. Comb. : tssvel-bred, back- 
gammon-board, SD. — AS. tafel, 'alea' 
(Voc.) ; Lat. tabula. See Table. 

Tavelen, v. to play at « tables,' S. 

Taverne, sb. an inn, Prompt., Voc.— 
AF. taverne \ Lat. taberna. 


Taverner, sb. inn-keeper, C2, HD, P, 
Voc. ; tavernere, Prompt. — AF. taverner ; 
Lale Lat. tabernarium. 

Tawen, v. to prepare leather, SkD ; 
tewen, Prompt. ; taw, to dress hemp, 
HD ; tawed, pp. f hardened with labour, 
S3 ; i-tauwed, S. — AS. tawian, to pre- 
pare, dress leather, to scourge. 

Tawer, sb. a tanner, SD, SkD. 

Tawnen, v. to shew, S ; tannede,//. s. y 
SD. — Cp. ODu. toonen and MHG. zoutten 
for zougenen, from OHG. zougjan for az- 
ougjan (see Lexer) ; cp. AS. cet-ywan. See 

Taxen, v. to tax, SkD, PP.— AF. taxtr ; 
Lat. taxare. 

Taxonre, sb. a taxer, P. 

Tayl, sb. tail, a retinue, train of follow- 
ers, S2, C2, PP; taile, S2, PP; tayle, 
Cath.— AS. tcegl : Goth, tagl, hair. 

Tayt, adj. glad, cheerful, brisk, S3; 
teyte,//., HD.— Icel. teitr. 

Te-, prefix ; same as To- (2). 

Teald,//. of Tellen. 

Teares, pi. tears, S ; see Tere. 

Techen, v. to teach, S, C2, S2 ; teachen, 
S; tache, S; tahte, pt. s.,S; taihte, S; 
tagte, S ; tahtes, 2 //. s., S ; tehten, //., 
S ; taucht, pp., S3 ; y-ta^t, S2 ; y -taught, 
C2. — AS. tacan, pt. t<khte t pp. tiht. 

Tech.68, sb. pi. marks, signs, Si ; see 

Teer, sb. tear, C2 ; see Tere. 

Teise, sb. a fathom, HD.— AF. teise 
(OF. toise) ; Late Lat. tensa. Cf. Teyse. 

Tei;en, v. to tie, bind, S2 ; see Ti^en. 

Teld, sb. a covering, tent, SkD (s.v. tilt) ; 
telde, S2, HD; telte, Prompt.; tilde, 
PP (p. 779).— AS. (ge)teld t a tent; cp. Icel. 

Telden, v. to pitch a tent, to erect a 
building, to dwell, PP ; tilden, S3 ; tilde, 
//. s., PP ; tnlde, PP; telt, HD ; teldit, 
pp., PP ; tyld, S3. 

Tele, sb. sorcery, magic, HD. 

Telen, v. to reprove, to scoff at, S ; talen, 
S.— ONorth. telan (Luke 7. 30), AS. tcklan, 
to blame, from tdlu, ' calumnia ' (Grein). 

Telie, v. to till, cultivate, PP; see 

Telinge, sb. husbandry, culture, study, 
practice of magic ; telynge, HD ; tuly- 
inge, PP ; teolnnffe», pl. t S.— AS. teolung, 
tilung, tilling, culture, study. 

TeUen, v. to tell, count, esteem, S. S2 ; 



telst, 2pr. s.y S ; telB,/r. s., S, S2 ; tellns, 
pi, S2 ; talde, pt. s. f S ; tolde, S2, PP ; 
telld, S2 ; tolden, //., S ; talden to, ac- 
counted, S; telden, W; teald, //., S; 
talde, S2 ; ytold, C2, S2 ; i-told, S ; told, 
S2. — AS. tellan, pt. tealde, pp. ge-teald. See 

Teme, sb. theme, subject, text, PP ; 
teeme, S2, PP.— OF. theme ; Lat. thema ; 
Gr. eifux. 

Teme, v. to tame, H ; temyd, pp., H. — 
AS. temian (Voc.) : Goth. (gd)tamjan. 

Temen, v. to bring forward as witness, 
S. — AS. Uman % tyman (Schmid), from 
tianty a summoning for warranty (Schmid). 

Temen, v. to make empty, to pour out, 
HD, Prompt., Cath., H ; tume, JD ; teym, 
JD. — Icel. tcema, to empty; from t6mr, 
empty. See Tome. 

Temp, v. to tempt, H ; tent, to probe, 
Sh.; temped,//., HD.— OF. tempter (F. 
tenter) ; Lat. tentare. 

Temporal, adj. lasting but for a short 
time, S2. — OF. temporel\ Lat. temporalem 

Temporalite, sb. temporal power, PP ; 
temperaltes, temporalities, PP. — AF. tern- 

Tempre, v. to temper, moderate, re- 
strain, PP, C2 ; temperld,//., directed, W2 ; 
tempred, fitted, attuned, S2, PP.— OF. 
temprer (F. tremper) ; Lat. temperare. 

Tempre, adj. tempered, modified, tem- 
perate, H. — OF. tempre. 

Ten, v. to draw, pull, train, also to go, 
mount, reflex, to conduct oneself, S ; teon, 
S; tnen, HD ; te, HD; tet5, pr. s.y S; 
tuh*; UtofrUy pp., S ; i-tohen, 
S. Comb. : fol-itohe, badly trained, S. — 
AS. Uon> pt. tiah (pi. tugon) f pp. togen : 
Goth, tiuhan ; cp. Lat ducere ; see Brug- 
mann, § 65. 

Tend, adj. ond. tenth, S2, B; tende, HD. 

Tende, sb. a tenth, HD ; teind, tithe, 
S3; tendia,//., H.— Icel. tlund, a tenth. 

Tende, v. to tithe, Cath. 

Tenden, v. to kindle, set fire to, S2,W ; 
teenden, W ; tind, HD ; tendeden, //.//., 
PP ; tenden, PP ; tendyn, PP ; tende, S2 ; 
y-tend,/^., S2. — AS. tendan (in on-tendan)\ 
Goth, tandjan, causal of *tindan } to burn. 

Tene, sb. grief, vexation, injury, S, S2, 
S3, PP, B ; teene, PP ; teone, S, S2, PP ; 
teyne, B ; tyene, S2. — AS. tiona. 

Tenen, v. to vex, trouble, injure, PP ; 
teene, PP ; teonen, PP.— AS. tynan. 



Tennes, sb. tennis, S3 ; see Tenyse. 

Tenserie, sb. an extraordinary impost, 
robbery, S (2. 42).— OF. tenserie\ Late 
Lat. tens aria. 

Tente, sb. a tent, C2, PP.— OF. tente 
(Bartsch) ; Late Lat. tenta, cloth stretched. 

Tente, sb. intention, purpose, PP ; tent, 
attention, care, heed, S2, JD, W, W2, H. — 
OF. atente (BH). 

Tentyf, adj. attentive, CM; tentifiy, 
adv., attentively, C2.— OF. attentif. 

Tenyse, sb. tennis, Palsg. ; teneys, 
tenisia, Prompt. ; tennes, S3, SkD. 

Teolnng, sb. magical practice, S; see 

Teon, v. to draw, S ; see Ten. 

Teone, sb. grief, S ; see Tene. 

Terce, adj. a third, SkD ; tierce, the 
third hour (canonical), SkD ; tyerse, SkD. 
— AF. terce, tierce, OF. terc, tiers, tierce ; 
Lat. tertia. 

Tercel, sb. the male of any kind of 
hawk, CM, Prompt, Sh. ; tercelle, Voc. ; 
terselle, Cath. ; tassel, Sh. ; tassell, 
Cotg.— AF. tercel, from OF. terce. 

Tercelet, sb. a small hawk, C2. — AF. 
tercelet, OF. tiercelet (Cotg.), 

Tere, sb. tear, S, C2 ; teer,C2 ; teares, 
//., S. — AS. Uar, also teagor, OHG. zahar 
(Tatian) ; cp. Gr. datcpv ; see Douse, p. 94. 

Teren, v. to tear, S. — AS. teran; cp. 
Goth. {ga)tairan. 

Teren, v. to tar, S. See Terre. 

Tergate, sb. a small shield, S3; see 

Terien, v. to vex, irritate, to make 
weary, to delay, hinder, irritare, fatigare ; 
teryyn, Prompt. ; terwin, Prompt. ; terre, 
W, Wa ; tarien, C2 ; y-taryed, //., S2. 
-^-AS. tergan, to vex* 

Terien, v. to tarry, to delay ; teryyn, 
Prompt; taryen, CM; tarien, W2, S3. 
— The same word as above ; for change of 
sense cp. AS. dreccan, to vex, with the 
equivalent ME. drecchen, to tarry (q. v.). 

Ternte, sb. term, period, S, C2 ; termes, 
//., expressions, examples, PP, C2 ; limits, 
ends, W, W2. — AF. terme ; Lat. terminum. 

Terminen, v. to determine, limit, W ; 
iterntynet, //., S2 ; y-termyned, PP. — 
AF. terminer, to determine. 


Terne, sb. a tarn, small lake, S2 ; tune, 
Manip. — Icel. tjorn (tjarn-). 

Terre, sb. tar, Prompt. ; tarre, PP ; 
teer, HD ; ter, B.— AS. teoru (Voc.). 

Terre, v. to provoke, W, Wa ; see 

Terryng, sb. a provoking, W2. 

Teruagant, sb. one of the seven gods 
of Hengest, S ; Termagant, a supposed 
god of the Saracens, ND ; one of the 
characters in the old moralities, ND, Sh., 
TG; Trivigant,ND.— OF.Tervagant,a\so 
Tervagan, one of the three gods of the 
Saracens (Roland) ; cp. It Trivigante 

Teste, sb. a pot in which metals are 
tried, HD, SkD, C3 ; teest, HD. Phr. : 
to bring* to the test, lit. to bring to the 
refiner's vessel, Sh. — OF. teste, a refiner's 
vessel ; Lat. testa, a vessel used in alchemy, 
orig. a piece of baked earthenware, also 
shell of fish, skull, head. Cp. OF. test 
(F. /#), a test in chemistry, orig. a 
potsherd, see Bartsch. 

Testere, sb. a head-piece, helmet, tester 
for a bed, SkD, HD ; teester, Prompt. ; 
tester, C; testar, Palsg.— OF. testiere, 
head-piece (Cotg.). 

Testif, adj. headstrong, testy, CM; 
testie, S3.— OF. testif (Palsg.). 

Te-tealte, adj. quite unstable, in 
jeopardy, S2. (To- 2.) 

Teft/f- s.\ tetf up, mounts, S ; see Ten. 

Tewelle, sb. the pipe of a chimney, 
HD ; tnel, a pipe, HD.— OF. tuel, iuyel 
(F. tuyau): Sp. ttidel; of Teutonic origin; 
see Kluge (s.v. dute\ and Weigand (s.v. 

Texte, sb. text, scripture, SkD; text, 
Cath., C2; tixte, PP, S2 ; tixt, PP; 
tyxte, PP; tyxt, PP.— OF. texte; Lat. 

Textuel, adj. literal, C3. 

Teye, sb. a coffer, Prompt. — OF. teie 
{toie) ; Lat. theca ; cp. F. taie. 

Teyne, sb. a thin plate of metal, C3. 

Teyrre, of them, S ; see pel. 

Teyse, v. to poise for shooting, HD; 
tasit, pt. s., B ; taisand, pr. p., HD.— OF. 
toiser, to measure (Cotg.). See Teise. 

Teyte, cheerful, HD; seeTayt. 





Th, an abbreviation of the article the, 
ND. Comb. : thair, S2 ; than*el, C2 - r 
tharxnes, C; tharray,. S2,. C2 ; thas- 
semblee, S2, C3 ; thavys, the advice, C ; 
theffeet, C2; theffnslon, S3; thegle, 
C2 ; thembatel, S3 ; themperioe, S ; 
themperour, S2, C3 •» thenoens, C ; 
thenchauntement, C ; thencres, C ; 
thende, S, S2, S3; thentencionn, C3 ; 
therle, S3 ; thestat, C ; thimage, C2 ; 
thingot, C3 ; thold, S3 ; thorient, C2 ; 
thorisonn, C ; thothre, S, S3. 

pa, ar/. <fc/I fiem*. the,, S ; <&& masc, S ; 
//., S;, who, S ; see pe. 

pam, art. dot. $■. and pi. the, S ; see pe. 
And see pel. 

pan, art. dat. and ace. the, S ; see pe* 

pan, adv. then ; see panne. 

pane, art. ace masc. the,.S; see pe, 

pane, adv. then, S ; see panne. 

pane, sb. thane, Si ; see peyn. 

panen, adv. thence, S ; panene, S2. — 
AS. panon. 

pank 9 sb. a thought, a thank, gratitude, 
grace; pane, S; pone, S; ponk, S, PP; 
pance, dat., S; ponke, S, S2 ; pankes, 
//., PP; thonkes, PP, S2. Phr. : can 
pane, oon ponk, is thankful, S ; here 
pankes, gen. a&adv*, of their own thought, 
spontaneously, S, C. — AS. pane ; cp. OHG. 
thane (Otfrid). 

panken, v. to thank, PP, S ; ponken, 
PP, S, S2.— AS. paneian. 

panne, adv-. then,, when, S, PP, S2, C ; 
pann, S ; pane, S ; pan, S, S2, C2 ; penne, 
S, PP, S2 ; pene, S, PP ; pen, S ; peonne, 
S.— AS. peenhe. 

panne, conj. than, S ; pane, S ; pan, S2 ; 
penne, S ; penn, S \ pene, S ; pen, S, PP. 
—-AS. panne. 

panne, adv. thence, S2 ; see penne. 

P&r, pt.-pr. s. impers. it needs, opus est, B, 
H ; thare, H ; parf, S ; tharst, 2 pt.-pr. 
s., PP; thart, pt.-pr. s., HD. Comb. : 
thardestow, thou wouldst need, PP; see 

par-, prefix ; see per-. 

pare, art. to the, S ; see pe. 

parmes, sb. pi. entrails, HD. — AS 
pearm (Voc.) ; for cognates see Kluge (s.v. 

■ f parne, v. to lack, want, HD, H ; tharn, 
H ; tharnys, pr. s , H ;' tharnyd, pt. s., H. 
— Icel. parnask (for parf nask), to lack. 

pas, pron. dem. pi. those, S, S2 ; see pea. 

Pat, pron. dem., pron. rel. and con;', that, 
S, S2 ; pet, S, S2 ; at, S2, S3, H, NED.— 
AS. pat. See pe. 

panien, v. to permit, SD ; peauien, S ; 
thave, HD.— AS. pafian. 

pe> pron. dem. and defi. art. m. that man, 
the, S ; p», S ; te, S ; to, S ; pat, n., S, 
S2 ; pet, S, S2 ; tat, S ; tatt, S ; pes, 
gen. m., S ; pes pe, so much the (more), S ; 
pas, S ; pane, ace. m., S, S2 ; pan S, S2 ; 
pene, S ; penne, S ; pen, S, S2 ; pam, 
dat m., S ; pan, S ; pen, S, S2 ; pon, S ; 
po, S ; pa, S ; peo,, S ; pssre, dat, 
f. and ; pare, S ; pere, S ; par, S ; 
per, S ; pa,, S ; po, S ; peo, S ; pie, 
S; pe, Inst, as in # pe bet, the better, PP. 
Comb.: the self, itself, H.— ONorth. Hi, 
see Siev'ers, 337. 

pe, pron. rel. who, which, S. — AS. tie 
(the indeclinable relative pronoun). See 

pe, conj. than, S — AS. tie, l quam.* 

peaw, sb. habit,, virtue, S \. see pew. 

pedam* sb. prosperity, Prompt, HD. 
See peen. 

pede, sb. pi. nations, S2 (3. 29) ; see 

peden, adv. thence, S ; see pepen. 

peder, adv. thither, S2 ; see plder. 

peef, sb t thief, C2 ; see peof. 

peen, v. to thrive, vigere, Prompt. ; thee, 
S3, C2, C3, Spensef (2),HD ; the, C, HD ; 
the,i/r. $. sub/., PP ; theech (thee + ich), 
may I thrive, C3; theieh, PP; peagh, 
pt. s., SD ; i-pe3, S2.— AS. (ge)pion: *pl- 
han ; cp. Goth, theihan ; see Sievers, 383, 
Douse, p. 4a 

pefe, sb. leafy branch,, twig ; theve, 
Prompt. Comb. : thefethorn, buckthorn, 
Alph. (n. p. 1 56), Voc. ; thefthorne, H ; 
thewethornys, pi., merus, Voc. ; the- 
thorne, ramnus, Prompt. ; the thorntre, 
Voo. — AS. pyfie (pife),pife-pom, 'ramnus ' 
(Voc), tSeofebom (Voc.) ; cf. AS. pdfia^ 
'•frutescere' (Voc). 

pei, pron. pi. they, S, PP, C ; pe* 3 , S ; 
tej 3 , S ; pad, S, PP, S2 ; tai, S ; the, S3 ; 
pe^re, gen., S ; te^re, S ; thair, S2 ; 
Q 2 

228 pEIN. 

thayr, PP ; par, S2, S3 ; beBjm, dot. ace, 
S ; thalm, S2 ; thaym, PP ; tham, S2. 
Comb. : pam-selue, themselves, S2. — Icel. 
J>eir, they (Dan. de), gen. peirra, datpeim ; 
cp. AS. tfd, those. See pe. 

pein, j£. thane, S ; see peyn. 

pellyche, pron. such, S2 ; see pulli. 

penchen, v. to think, to intend, S, Sa ; 
penken, PP, S ; pohte, pt. s., S, S2 ; 
po3te, S ; poght, S2 ; thoucte, S ; pouht- 
en, pi., S ; po*ht, //., S2 ; ponht, PP ; 
thonct, S. — AS. pencan, pt. pdhte, pp. 
{ge)p6ht. See pynken. 

pene, ar/. ace. masc. the, S ; pen, S ; 
see pe. 

penien, v. to serve ; peniS, pr. pi., S. 
/W. : peninffe, services, S. — AS. pinion, 
pegnian, from pegn. See peyn. 

penne, than ; also then ; see panne. 

penne, adv. thence, S ; panne, S2 ; 
ponne, S ; ]>eonne, S2, PP. See panen. 

pennes, adv. thence, PP, S2, C2, C3; 
thennus, W. Comb.: thennes-forth, 
thenceforth, C2. 

peode, sb. people, nation, S ; piode, S ; 
peode, pi., orders (of angels'), S ; nations, 
S2 ; pede, S2 ; peden, dat., S.— AS. ptod; 
cp. Goth, thiuda, OHG. thiota (Tatian). 

peof, sb. thief, S, PP; thef, PP; pyef, 
Si ; theef, C2, Prompt. ; pene, dat., S ; 
piene, S ; peofes, pl.,S; peoues, S, PP ; 
thenes, W2 ; theueli, in a ^hief-like 
manner, W2 ; peofte, theft, S ; pefte, PP, 
Prompt — AS. peof: Goth, thiubs; cp. 
OHG. thiob (Tatian). 

peorrf, adj. unleavened, S ; see perf. 

peOS, pron. dem.f. this, S ; see pes. 

peoster, sb. darkness, S. — AS. piostru : 
OS. thiustri. 

peostre, adj. dark, S ; see pester. 
p60W f sb. servant ; peoww, S. Der. : 
peou-dom, bondage ; peondonte, dat., S. 
— AS. piow : Goth, thius ; cp. OHG. thiu, 

'ancilla' (Otfrid). 
peowten, v. to serve ; peowwtenn, S. 
— From AS. piowet, service. 

per, pron. dem. pi. these, S2, HD ; 
there, H ; pir, S2, H. S3, JD ; those, B.— 

Icel. peir, they. See pel. 
per-, prefix, SkD (s. v. there-'). Comb. : 

perfore, for it, for that cause, PP, S, Ca ; 

perfor, S, S2 ; pernors, S2 ; perenore, 

S ; parfore, S, S2 ; parnore, S ; pare- 

nore, S ; pterfore, S ; perinne, therein, S, 

S2, C2 ; pnrlnne, S ; parinne, S ; prlnne, 


S, S2 ; tnrynne, G ; parln, S, S2 ; perln, 
S ; perwltf, therewith, S, C2 ; parwiU, S, 
S2 ; perwljt, S2 ; parwtftt, S ; permlde, 
therewith, S; peremyde, P; parmid, S; 
perof, thereof, S, C2 ; prof, S.— AS. V<kre, 
pron. dem. dat. f. ; see pe. 

pare, adv. there, where, S, S2, S3 ; 
pare, S ; pore, S, S2 ; per, S, S2, S3 ; 
par, S, S2 ; por, S ; pear, S ; piar, S ; 
p»r, S ; t»r, S (in Ormulum). Comb. : 
per abonte, thereabouts, S2 ; pare unang, 
at various times, S2 ; per an under, there 
beneath, S2 ; pere a«, where that, S3 ; per 
blnore, before then, S2 ; per before, S ; 
per efter, thereafter, S ; ther on, thereon, 
C2 ; pron, S ; prate, thereout, S ; per 
o^elnes, in comparison therewith, S ; pare 
ogayne, S2 ; porqniles, meanwhile, S ; 
pere whiles, P ; pertU, thereto, S ; portil, 
S; perto, thereto, S, Sa, Ca, C3; parto, 
S2 ; per towart, against it, S ; per uppe, 
besides, S ; prnppe, thereupon, S. — AS. 
par : Goth. thar. 

pere, art. gen. and dat.f. of the, to the, 
S ; see pe. 

perf, adj. unleavened, W, S2, PP; 
peorrf, S. Comb. : therf loones, un- 
leavened bread, W ; therf breed, HD. — 

AS. peorf; cp. Icel. Pjarfr. 

periling, adj. unleavened ; perrnlnng", 


perne, sb. a girl, SD (Havelok, 298) ; 

see Tarne. 

pes, pron. dem. m. this, S ; pis, S ; pis, 

n., S ; peos, /, S ; teos, S ; pesses, gen. 

m., S ; pisse, gen. f., S ; pissen, dat. m. f 

S ; pisse, dat. /., S ; pisser, S ; pesser, 

S ; peser, S ; pas, ace. /., S ; pas, //., S, 

S2 ; pos, S ; peos, S ; pes, C, Wa ; these, 

W2 ; pnes, S2 ; pis, S2 ; pies, S3 ; pisse,, S ; pise, S2, C2 ; pyse, S2 ; pesen, 

S.— AS. pes, see Sievers, 338, and SkD 

(s.v. this). 
pester, adj. dark, HD ; pyester, S2 ; 

peostre, S ; pnster, S. — AS. piostrt : OS. 

pestemesse, sb. darkness, S, PP; 

pyesternesse, Sa ; piesternesse, S ; 

peosternesse, S. — AS. piosternis. 
pestrien, v. to become dark, S. — AS. 

pet, pron. that ; see pat, pe. 
pefen, adv. thence ; pepenn, S ; peden, 

S ; ihethyn, H. — Icel. peian, potion (Dan. 

penes, thieves, Wa ; see peof. 


Pew, sb. habit, practice, virtue, S2 ; 
peaw, S ; peawes,//., manners, virtues, S ; 
Jwwess, S; pewes, PP, S2, C2, C3 ; 
tHewls, W ; thewys, H. Comb. : peau- 
ftal, moral, virtuous ; peaufole, //., S.— 
AS. piaw, habit. 

pewed, adj. mannered; thewde, S3. 
Phr. : wel pewed, S. 

peyn, sb. service (?), S2. 

peyn, sb. thane, warrior, attendant at a 
king's court, S ; pein, SkD, S ; thane, S2, 
Sh.— AS. pegn {pin), Icel. pegn : OS. 
thegan, a youth, disciple, knight, warrior; 
cp. OHG. thegan (Otfrid). 

pi, pron. poss. thy, S ; see pon. 

picke, adj. thick, S; pikke, S2, C2 ; 
thykke, Prompt.; thicke, adv., S ; pikke, 
S, PP ; pioce, S.— AS. piece, adj. and adv.: 
OS. thikki. 

picke, sb. thicket, S3. 

pider, adv. thither, S, PP, S2, C3; 
puder, S, PP ; peder, S2 ; pedyr, S2, PP. 
Comb. : jdder-ward, thitherward, S, S2 ; 
pnder-ward, S2.— AS. pider. 

pie, art./, the, S ; see pe. 

pies, pron. these, S3 ; see pes. 

piesternesse, sb. darkness, S; see 

pild, sb. patience, S.— AS. (ge)pyld-. 
OS. gi-thuld. See pollen. 

pildili}, adv. patiently, S. 
* pilk, adj. that, that very, that sort of, 
such, W; thylke, S3 ; thilke, C2, C3, Wa, 
S; pulke,//.,S2,PP.— AS.pylc; cp.Icel. 
pvlllkr, such. 

pin, pron. poss. thy, thine, S; see pon. 

ping, sb. thing, affair, property, S ; pi, 
S, C3 ; pynff, PP ; pinffe, S, PP ; pyn*e, 
S2 ; pinges, S, C2 ; pinkes, S ; penges, 
S ; pyngres, PP.— AS. ping. 

piode, sb. people, S ; see peode. 

pir, pron. dem. pi. those, these, S2, H, 
S3, JD, B; see per. 

pire, pron. poss. dat.f. thy, S ; see pon. 

pirlen, v. to pierce, C, S2, H; see 

pis, pise, pisse, &c. ; see pes. 

pistel, sb. thistle, Voc; thystell, Voc. ; 
tkystyUe, Voc., Prompt.; tlirissU, S3. 
Comb. : thistle-finch, linnet, HD.— AS. 
pistel (Voc.) : OHG. thistila (Tatian) ; cp. 
Icel. pistill. 

pit, put for pe it, who it, S ; see pe. 

pO, pron. dem. and def. art. pi. those, 
they, them, the, S, S2, C, PP, W2 ; poo, S2, 

pOU. 229 

S3, W2, PP; pa, S, S2, H ; pa*, S2 ; peo, 
S; pe,S; pam, dot., S ; pan, S, S?, ; pa, S. 
— AS. pd, dat. p<km {pdm). See pe. 

pO, adv. then, when, S, S2, S3, C, C2, 
C3, PP ; poo, PP ; pa, S.-AS. U. 

pO, art. acc.f. the, S ; see pe. 

pOght, sb. thought, anxiety, S2, C2 ; 
pohht, S; pofirt, S; pouht, S, PP; 
thougrht, C2 ; po3te, dot., S ; pu3te, S ; 
pohtes, pi., S; po3tes, S2. Der.i 
poghtfol, thoughtful ; poflrhtfolest, superl., 
S2.— AS. (ge)p6ht. See penohen. 

pokte, pt. s. of penohen. 

pOlemode, adj. patient, H, HD; 
tholemodely, adv., H. 

polemodnes, sb. patience, H, HD, S2. 

polien, v. to suffer, S, S2 ; polyen, S, 
S2 ; polen, S, S2, H, PP, HD ; poland, 
pr.p., B ; polede, pt. s., S, S2, S3 ; pale*, 
pr. j., S.—AS.polian; cp. OHG. tholin 

pombe, sb. thumb, PP, C, C2 ; thome, 

HD. — AS. prtma (Voc.) ; cp. G. daumen ; 
see Kluge. 

pone, sb. thought, mind, S ; see pank. 

pondringe, sb. thundering, S2. 

poner, sb. thunder, the god Thunor, S2, 
S ; thonur, H ; pnnre, S ; thonder, C, 
C2 ; pnnder, S2. Comb. : pnnres d®i, 
the day of Thunor, Thursday, S ; pnnder- 
prast, stroke of thunder, S2.— AS. punor, 
thunder, also Thunor, the thunder-god; 
cp. OHG. thonar (Tatian). Cf. porr. 

poneren, v. to thunder, S2 ; thonord, 
H (Ps. 17. 15). — AS. punrian. 

ponken, v. to thank, S, S2 ; seepanken. 

ponwanges, the temples, HD.~ 
Icel. punn-vangi, the thin cheek (CV.). 

pong, sb. a slip of leather, S ; see pwon?. 

porn, sb. thorn, SD ; thorne, Prompt. 
Comb. : thorae-ffarthis, hedges (=Lat. 
sepes), H (Ps. 88. 39).— AS. pom. 

porp, sb. a village, hamlet, farm, SkD ; 
prop, S, C2; thropes,£?»., C3 ; thrope, 
dot., C2; porpes, pi., PP ; propes, PP; 
proupes, PP. — AS. porp, Icel. porp ; cp. 
OHG. thorph (Tatian). 

porr, sb. the god Thor, the god of 
thunder. Comb. : pors-day, Thor's day, 
Thursday, PP ; porisdai, S.— Icel. pdrr, 

porn, prep, through, S ; porw, S ; por3, 
Sa ; see pur^h. 

pOS, pron. dem. pi. these, S ; see pes. 

pon, pron. thou, SD ; pn, S, PP ; tn, S ; 



pe, dot. and ace, S, S2. C2 ; pei, S2 ; te, S ; 
pin, gen. and poss., S, S2 ; Jrf., S ; tin, S ; 
ti,S; pir*,poss.dat.f.,S; pina,S; tine, 
//. dot., S. CV?#/& : put (=pn + it), S; 
peself, thyself, S; pesellf,S; pe-selne,S; 
pe-snlnen, S ; pe-aeolnen, S. — AS./*/. 

Thone, v. to say ' thou ' ; thowis, 2 pr. 
s., S3. 

Pouht, sb. thought, S ; see poght. 

Thowe, sb. thaw, Prompt. 

Thowen, v. to thaw, CM, Prompt. — 

P05, conj. though, nevertheless, PP ; 
J>ow3, PP; powgh, PP; pon*e, PP ; 
poh, SD ; pohh, S ; thocht, S3 ; thoucht, 
S3; thofe, HD; pof, S2, WA; of, WA; 
panh, S, PP^ pah, S, S2 ; pa?, S2 ; pajt, 
S2 ; pen, S ; peih, S ; pe^, PP; pey*, S2 ; 
peiffh, PP ; peije, PP ; pej, S ; pei, S2 ; 
pey, S2, G. C§mb. : pah-hwe$er, never- 
theless, S ; peih-hwepere, S ; popw&there, 
S ; pof-queper, S2 ; paries, nevertheless, 
S2 ; pahles yef, unless, S2. — AS. ptah 
(pih) : Goth, thaufu 

p05te, sb. dat. thought, S ; see poght. 

pO^te, pt. s. of penchen. See also pyn- 

pra, adj. eager, B ; see pro. 

pral, sb. servant, slave, thrall, S, C2, 
C3; thrall, S3; praUe, dat.,S; threUis, 
//., B; pralles, S, PP. Comb.: eortte- 
prelles, slaves upon earth, S; praL-dom, 
slavery, S, PP, C3 ; thrlldome, B ; pral- 
hod, slavery, S; pral-shipe, slavery, S; 
pral-sipe, S ; prel-weorkes, thrall-works, 
S.—ONorth. pratl; Ic&.prall. 

prallen, v. to put into bondage ; thral- 
led,//, j., S2. 

prasten, v. to oppress, afflict, S AS. 

(ge)Prastan, to twist, hurt, torment. 

praw, sb. space of time, S2 ; see pro we. 

preaten, v. to threaten, S ; see preten. 

pred, ord. third, S2 ; see pridde. 

Threed, sb. thread, C, SkD ; pred, S ; 
pr»d,S; threde, Prompt. Comb.: pred- 
bare, threadbare, C, PP, SkD.— AS. pr<kd, 
a dental derivative from prdwan, to twist ; 
cp. OHG. drdt (G. draht), from drdjan ; 
see Kluge (s. v.), and Douse, p. 101. See 

prelles, sb. pi. thralls, slaves, S; see 

prengen, v. to press, SD ; prengde,//. 
s.j S. Causal of pringen. 

preo, num. three, S, S2, PP; pre, S, 
PP ; pree, PP ; pri, S ; prie, S. Comb. : 


preohad, Trinity, S ; preottene, thirteen, 
S; prettene, S2, PP; prettyne, PP; 
thretend, thirteenth, S2 ; thrtttelnd, S2 ; 
prettl, thirty, PP ; prette, S2 ; prittjr, 
PP; pritti, S2; prines, Trinity; prun- 
nesse, S ; thresnm, with three at a time, 
B.— AS. preo. 

prep, sb. controversy, contradiction, S2 ; 
threpe, JD. 

prepen, v. to maintain a point obsti- 
nately in contradiction to another, t ) as- 
sert, C3, CM, JD; threape, HD.— AS. 

preschen, v. to thresh, beat, PP ; 
thresshe, S, C ; prosshenn, pp., S ; y- 
porsse, S2.— AS. p rscan ; see Douse, p. 

presCWOlder^. threshold, PP; thresch- 
wolde, Prompt. ; thresshewolde, P ; 
threshfold, C2 ; threshfod, HD.— AS. 
prescold, Icel. preskoldr ; cp. OHG. dris- 
cufli ; see Douse, p. 1 10. 

prestelCOC, sb. throstle, S2 ; seeprrurteL 

prete, sb. threat, S. — AS. prtat, pressure. 

preten, v. to menace, S2, Prompt., 
HD ; preaten, S.— AS. priatian, to re- 

Threting, sb. menace, C3 ; thretynges, 

//., w. 

Thretnen, u. to threaten, W2 ; thret* 
enede, pt. s., W. 

prette, num. thirsty, S2 ; see preo. 

prettene, num. thirteen, S2 ; see preo. 

pridde, ord. third, S, S2, PP ; prydde, 
S2, PP; pryd, S2 ; thrid, S3; pred, S2. 
— AS. pridda. 

prie, num. three, S ; see preo. 

prid, adv. three times, S; prien, S. — 
AS. pHwa. 

pries, adv. thrice, S, S2 ; prices*, S ; 
thryes, C2. The form is due to analogy ; 
cp. AS. dnes, E. once. 

prift, sb. prosperity, success in life, C3, 
PP ; praft, PP ; pryft, fertilising power, 
S2. — Icel. prift. See priuen. 

Thrifty, adj. serviceable, cheap, S2, 

C2, C 3 . 

Thrill, v. to pierce, H ; see pnrlen. 

Thrillage, sb. thraldom, B ; see pral. 

prim-setel, sb. throne, SD. See pram. 

pringen, v. to press, S, HD ; dringan, 
S ; prnngen, //. pi., PP ; prongen, S2, 
PP; i^prnnge, pp., S; thrungnn, W; 
y-thrnngin, S3. — AS. pringan, pt. prang 
(jphprungon), ^.prungen. 


T^rinne, adv. three at a time, S. — Cp. 
Icel. prinnr. 

prinne 9 adv. therein, S, S2 ; see per-, 

prist, sb. thirst, S, S2, PP ; purst, S, C2, 
PP. Comb. : purstlew, thirsty, HD. — 
AS. pyrst (pirst), purst. 

Prist, thrust, S ; see prusten. 

priste, adj. bold, S.— AS. priste : OS. 
thristi ; cp. G. </r**tf. 

pristen, v. to thirst, W, S ; threaten, 
S2 ; pursten, SD ; thursted him, pt. s. 
impers., 0,2.— AS. pyrstan : OHG. thursten 

priuen, ». to thrive, S, PP; pryue, 
PP ; proff, //. J., PP; prluen, pp., grown 
up, PP; pryuen, well grown, S2. — Icel. 
prifa, to seize, prifask, to thrive. 

pro, «#• eager, earnest, vehement, HD ; 
pra, B; praa, HD ; proo, sharp, HD ; 
throw, adv., S3; proliehe, adv., vehe- 
mently, S2 ; proly, quickly, resolutely, S2, 
HD, PP.— Icel. prd-r, stubborn, also fre- 

prof, adv. thereof, S ; see per-. 

proh, sb. coffin ; see pruh. 

prop, sb. a village, S, C2 ; see porp. 

prosshen, pp< threshed, S ; see pres- 

prote, sb. throat, S., PP. — AS. protu 
(Voc.) ; cp. OHG. drozza (whence G. 
drossel); related to Du. stroot; cp. It. 
strozza (Diez). See Kluge (s.v. drossel). 

prowe, sb. a little while, course, time, 
moment, Prompt, PP, S2, C2, C3, HD; 
throw, HD; pro3e, S; thrawe, S2 ; 
thraw, S2, B.— AS. prdg. 

prowe, sb. suffering, aerumna, SD, 

prowen, i>. to throw, S ; preu,//. s., S ; 
prewe, threw himself, P ; 2 pt. s., S ; 
prowe, PP ; prawen, pp., S2 ; prowen, 
S2 ; y-throwe, C2.— AS. prdwan, to twist, 
to whirl, pt. /Mtw, pp. prdwen. 

prowen, v. to suffer, S ; prowede, pt.s., 
S.— AS. prowian ; cp. OHG. thruoin (Ta- 

prownnge, sb. suffering, passion; 
proweunge, dat. t S ; prowenge, S ; 
proweing-e, S.— AS. prowung. 

prnblen, 9 ^. to press, crowd; prub- 
lande,/r./., S2. 

prnh, sb. coffin, S; throh, HD.— AS. 

pram, sb. strength, a crowd, glory, SD ; 

pURLEN. z$l 

prom, SD. Comb. : prim-setel, thronus, 
SD ; primsettles, pi., S.— AS. prymm, 

prnnnesse, sb. Trinity, S ; see preo. 

pruppe, adv. thereupon, S ; see per-. 
, pniSChe, sb. a thrush, S.— AS.prysce. 

prnstel, sb. the song-thrush, S ; prostle, 
S. Comb.: prustel-cock, thrustlecock, C2 ; 
prestelcoc, S2.— AS. prostle (Voc). 

pmsten, v* to thrust, SD ; threste, C ; 
thristen, W ; thruste, pt. s., W ; prist, 
S; priste,//., S.— Icel. prysta. 

pu, pron. thou, S ; see pon. 

plies, pron. dem. pi. these, S2 ; see pea. 

pnfben, sb. handmaid, S; pnhten,S. — 
A fern, deriv. of AS. {ge)pofta, a comrade, 
properly one who sits on the same rowing- 
bench ; from pofta ' transtra ' (Voc.) ; cp. 
Icel. popta. 

pnlke, adj. that, those, S2 ; see pilke. 

pnlli, adj. such, S, SD; pellich, SD; 
pellyehe, S2. — AS. pullic,pyllic, aXsopuslic, 
pyslic, from pus ; see Sievers, 349. See 

punched, pnncV; see pynken. 

pnnre, sb. thunder, S ; see poner. 

pnrfen, v. to need ; ^oxt, pt.-pr. s., need, 
ei opus est, S ; thare, H ; thar, H ; tharst, 
2 pt.-pr. s., PP ; purt, //. s., needed, S2, H, 
B. Comb. : thardestow, thou wouldst need, 
PP.— AS. pur/an, pt.-pr. pearf; pt. porfte 
(purfte), Icel. purfa, pt.-pr. par/; pt. 
purfum ; cp. OHG. thurfan, to need (Ta- 

pargh, prep, through, S2, C2 ; pur3, 
S2, W2 ; pure*, S ; purh, S ; purch, S ; 
puruh, S ; por$, S2 ; poru3, S2, W2 ; 
porw, S ; porn, S, S2 ; thorou, W ; 
thurgrht, H ; purfl, S, S2 ; purf, S2, HD ; 
poru^like, adv., thoroughly, S. Comb.: 
thurffhfare, thoroughfare, C ; purhforen, 
to pass through; thurffhfare, S2 ; thurffh- 
girt, pierced through, C ; thurchhurt, 
thoroughly hurt, S3 ; purh-lefien, to live 
through ; purhlefede,//. s. t S ; pnrh-seon, 
to perceive ; purhsdhtf, pr. s.,S; puruh- 
ut, wholly, S ; thurghout, C2 ; puruht- 
ut, throughout, S ; pom-out, S2.— AS. 
purh ; cp. OHG. thuruh (Tatian). 

purl, sb. an aperture for admitting light, 
a hole, S ; thurles, //., HD.— AS. pyrel, 
hole, from purh, through ; so (with different 
suffix) Goth, thairko, hole, the eye of a 
needle, from thairh, through ; see Kluge 

(s. v. durch). See purh. 
pnrlen, v. to pierce, S, S2, PP ; pirlen, 

232 . pURST. 

C, S2, PP, H; thrill, H.— AS. pyrlian 

purst, sb. thirst, S, Ca ; see prist. 

pUS, adv. thus, S ; turn, S (in Ormulum). 
Comb. : pusfirate, in this way, PP ; pus- 
gates, HD, PP.— AS. pis, OS. M«j. 

pUSter, adj. dark, S ; see pester. 

put, for pu it, S; see pon. 

puvele, sb. pi. twigs, S.— AS. pyfel, < fru- 
tex ' (Voc). See pefe. 

pwang, sb. thong, S ; see pwong*. 

pwert, adv. thwart, SD. Comb.:— 
pwert-ut, throughout, S. — Icel. pvert, neu- 
ter of pverr, transverse ; cp. AS. pweorh, 
Goth, tkwairhs, angry, cross. 

pWOng, sb. strip of leather, thong, S, 
S2,W ; pwanff, S ; pong, S.—AS.pwang. 

pwytel, sb. a knife, whittle ; thwitel, 
SkD ; thewtill, S3. See below. 


pwyten, v. to cut, to whittle, Voc., 
Prompt., Palsg. Der. : thwytynge, cut- 
ting, whittling, PP.— AS. Jmitan. 

py, sb. thigh, Prompt. ; j>e, SkD, HD ; 
pee, HD ; py3, S2 ; pin, SkD ; pei3, SkD. 
— AS. ph t ptoh. 

Pyester, adj. dark, S2 ; see pester. 

Pyesternesse, sb. darkness, Sa; see 

pyht, adj. close, compact, tight, Prompt. ; 
thite, HD ; tijt, SkD.— Cp. G. dicht, Icel. 
pittr\ see Kluge (s.v.). 

pyhtyn, v. to make tight, Prompt. ; y- 
«#,#., S3. 

pynken, v. to seem; pynkep, pr. s. 
impers., PP ; punc$, S ; pnncUo, S ; 
pincne*, S ; pinko", S ; pintfB, Si ; penke«, 
PP ; puhte,//. j., S ; pnjte, S ; tx>3te, S2 ; 
t nought*, C3; pout, S2. — AS. pyncan, 
ptpMte, pp. (ge]pdht. See penchen. 

Ti— Ty. 

Ti, pron.poss. thy, S ; see pou. 

Tid, sb. time, season, hour, hora canonic a, 
S, S2, S3 ; tide, S2 ; tyde, S2, C3, PP. 
Combr. tiderul, seasonable (=Lat. oppor- 
tunus), H ; tydfulnes, needfulness, H.— 
AS. tid, time, hour; cp. Icel. tid, time, 
* hora canonical 

Tid, adv. quickly, PP; tyd,PP. See Tit. 

Tiden, v. to happen, S ; tyden, S2, C3 ; 
tid, pr. s., PP ; tit, PP ; tydde, pt. s., PP ; 
tidde, S2.— AS. Udan. 

Tidi, adj. seasonable, honest, respectable, 
S ; tidy, PP ; tydy, PP, Prompt. 

Tidif, sb. the name of some very small 
bird, C2 ; tydy, a sort of singing bird, ND. 

Tiding, sb. an event, tidings, S ; tyding, 
C2, C3; tiding, pi, S2; tydin*e, S; 
tydlnffes, C2. See TlBingr. 

Tiffen, v. to trick out, trim, adorn, SkD. 
— OF. tiffer, to trim, adorn. 

Tiffnng, sb. adornment, finery, S. 

Til, prep, and conj. to, till, S, PP, S2, 
C3 ; tyl, S, PP ; till, S, S3.— Icel. til. 

Tilden, v. to set a trap, S ; tlldep, 2pr. 
pi., set up, S3 ; see Telden. 

Tilien, v. to till, cultivate, earn, gain, 
PP; tilen, S, PP ; tylie, PP; tulien, 
PP; telie, PP; tolie, S; tylle, S2.— AS. 
Hlian, to aim at, to till land; cp. OHG. 
zildn, to attempt (Tatian). 

Tilier, sb. tiller, husbandman, W. 

Tilien, v. to draw, entice, S, H, PP ; 
see Tollen. 

TilSe. sb. labour, toil, tilth, S ; tulthe, 
PP ; telfle, PP.— AS. tild. See Tilien. 

Timen, v. to prosper, S.— Icel. tirfia 
(reflex.), to happen. 

Tin, pron. poss. thy, thine, S ; see pou. 

Tinsel, sb. a stuff made partly of silk 
and partly of silver, S3, TG, SkD.— OF. 
estincelle, a spark, a flash (BH). 

Tintre^e, sb. torment ; tintreow, S ; 
tintreohe, S ; tintreonen, //., S.— AS. 
tintreg (Grein). 

Tirannye, sb. tyranny, C2, C3 ; tiran- 
dye, HD. 

Tirannt, sb. tyrant, C2, PP ; tyraunt, 
PP, W ; tirant, S2 ; tyrauns, //., op- 
pressors, PP. — AF. and OF. tirant, tiranz \ 
Lat. tyrannus ; see Constans, Supplement, 
p. 57. and BH, §72. 

Tirauntxie, sb. tyranny, Wa ; ty- 
rauntrye, HD. 

Tis-dsei, sb. Tuesday, S ; Tisdei, S.— 
AS. Tiwes-dag, the day of Tiw, the Eng- 
lish name of a Teutonic deity ; cp. OHG. 
Zio, Icel. Tyr ; see Grimm, Teut. M., cap. 
ix, and Kluge (s.v. dienstag). 

Tit, adv. quickly, PP ; tyt, S2 ; tyte, 
PP, S2, H; tite, PP, S2, H; ti 3 t, Sj; 
ti3tly, S2 ; titere, comp., H ; titter, S2.— 
Icel. titt } neut. of tWr. See Tid. 


TiSende, sb. pi. tidings, news, customs, 
S ; tffienden, S ; tfBand, S2 ; tfBandes, 
S2. — Icel. UtSindi, pi., tidings, news ; from 
titia, to happen ; cp. tWska, a custom, tWr, 
customary, frequent. 

Tilting, sb. tidings, news, S, S2 ; ty- 
*yng, S, S2 ; ti«inge, pi., S ; tlSinges, 
S2.— Cf. Tiding. 

Titill, sb. an epistle, WA. 

Titmose, sb. titmouse, S3, Manip. ; 
tytemose, Prompt. ; tytmase, Voc. — AS. 
mdse, a word forming the second element 
of the names of many kinds of small birds, 
see SkD. 

Titte, sb. a quick pull, S2. 

Titte, v. to pull tightly, HD ; tytted, 

Tixt, sb. text, PP ; see Texte. 

Ti;en f v. to tie, PP, S2 ; tel;en, S2 ; 
tey, B ; te, B ; teien, pr. pi., SkD ; teyd, 
pp., C2 ; y-teyd, C— AS. tlgan i*ttgati). 

Ti}t, adv. quickly, S2 ; see Tit. 

To, prep, to, at, in, upon, for, with re- 
ference to, by, against, after, as, until, PP, 
S, S2 ; te, S, Sa. Comb. : tabide, to abide, 
S ; tacord, C3 ; taflraye, C2 ; tallegre, C ; 
talyghte, C2 ; tamenden, S2, C2 ; ta- 
noyen, Sa ; tapese, S3 ; tariue, S ; tar- 
raye, C2 ; tammile, C2 ; tassaye, C2 ; 
taswage, S3 ; tembrace, C2 ; tenoombre, 
S3 ; tendure, S3 ; tenforme, S3 ; ten- 
race, S3 ; tegpye, C2 ; texponnden, Ca. 

To, adv. too, S, PP ; te, S. 

To, num. two, S, Sa ; see Tno. 

To^, prefix (1). The prep, to in com- 

To-, prefix (a), in twain, asunder, to 
pieces.— AS. t6~ ; cp. OHG. «'- (Tatian), 
Lat. dis-. 

To-belimpen, v. to belong to, S. (To- 


To-bellen, v. to swell extremely ; to- 
boUe, pp., PP. (To- a.) 

To-beren, v. to part ; tobar, pt. s., S. 
(To- a.) 

To-beten, v. to beat in pieces, C3. 
(To- a.) 

To-breden, v. to spread out ; tobred- 
dest, 2 pt. s., Sa. (To- a.) 

To-breiden, v. to tear asunder, dis- 
torquere ; tobreidynge, pr. p., W ; de- 
breidynge, W; tobraidlde, pt. s., W. 
(To- a.) 

To-broken, v. to break in pieces, S, 
C3, W ; to-brao, //. s., PP ; to-brak, G ; 



to-brake, pt. s. sub/., S; to-broken, pp., 
PP, G ; to-broke, PP, S2, W. (To- a.) 

To-bresten, v. to burst asunder, C; 
to-berstetf, pr. s.,S: to-barst,//. s. f S2, 
G; to-brast, W; to-brosten, pp., C. 
(To- a.) 

To-brisen, v. to break to pieces ; to- 
brlaid,^., W. (To- 2.) 

To-clene, v. to cleave asunder, to fall 
to pieces, PP ; to-oleef, pt. s., PP ; to- 
clief, PP. (To- 2.) 

To-COmen, v. to come together; to- 
comen,, PP. (To- 1.) 

To-COmyng, adj. future, Wa. (To- 1.) 

To-CWOme, adv. agreeably, S. (To- 1.) 

To-Cyme, sb. advent, S. (To- 1.) 

Tod, sb. a fox, JD, ND, HD, SkD ; 
toddia,//., S3. Comb. : Todman, Bards- 
ley. — The word is common in Mid York- 
shire and Cumberland, see EDS (Ser. C). 

Tod, sb. a bush, generally of ivy, HD ; 
todde, SkD. 

To-dasht, pt. s. dashed (herself) in 
pieces, S3. (To- a.) 

To-delen, v. to divide, S, Sa ; to- 
dnlen, S ; to-dealen, S. (To- a.) 

To-drawen, v. to draw asunder, Sa* 
W ; to-dra$en, S ; to-drowe, pt. pi., PP ; 
to-dro^e, S; to-drawnn, pp., W; to- 
drahen, S. (To- a.) 

To-dreuen, v. to trouble ; to-droned, 
pp., Sa. (To- a.) 

To-drinen, v. to drive asunder ; to- 
dryne, PP ; to-drlf, imp. s., S. (To- 2.) 

To-dnnet, pp. struck with a sounding 
blow, S. (To- 2.) 

To-fallen, v. to fall in pieces, SD. 
(To- 2.) 

To-flight, sb. refuge, Sa. (To- 1.) 

To-foren, prep, and adv. before, SD ; 
tofom, PP, S3 ; tofore, S, PP, Sa ; to- 
nore, S, Sa ; tofor, S, PP, Sa, W. (To- 1.) 

To-forrow, adv. previously, S3. (To-i.) 

Toft. sb. hillock, eminence, a slightly 
elevated and exposed site, PP, S2 ; campus, 
Prompt. — Cp. OSwed. tomt, a cleared 
space (Dan. tomt, a toft) ; from Icel. tSmr, 
empty. See Tome. 

To-gadere, adv. together, S, S2 ; te- 
?»dere, S; togedere, S, PP; togedre, 
PP ; togeddre, S ; togidere, PP ; togider, 
S, C2; togederes, PP, S; togidere* , 
PP; togidrea, PP, C3; togederia, PP; 
togeders, PP; togedders, S2. (To- 1.) 



To-gan, v. to go asunder, SD ; togaft,, S. (To- 2.) 

To-genes, /«?/. towards, S ; toffeines, 
S ; to3€ines, S ; to^enes, S. (To- i.) 

Toggen, v. to draw, allure, sport, S, 

To-grinden, v. to grind in pieces ; to- 
grynt,/r. s., PP. (To- 2.) 

To-hewen, v. to hew in pieces, S, S2, 
C3. (To- 2.) 

To-hope, sb. hope, S. (To- 1.) 

To-hurren, v. to hurry apart, S. (To- 2.) 

Tokker, sb. fuller, one who thickens 
cloth, S2, PP; towker, PP ; toucher, 
PP; tucker, HD; touker, Bardsley; 
tuker, Bardsley. See Tnken. 

Tokne, sb. token, PP ; tocne, S ; taone, 
S ; taken, PP, S2 ; takun, W ; takens, 
pi., S2.—AS. tdcn : Goth. tatkns; cp. OHG. 
zeichan (Tatian). 

Toknynge, sb. signification, PP ; toc- 
1111196, S ; toknyng, PP ; takning, S2 ; 
takeninge, S2 ; tokening, C3.— AS. tdc- 

Tolie, v. to till, S ; see Tillen. 

To-liggen, v. to pertain to; tolti&, pr. 
s., S. (To- 1.) 

Tolke, sb. a man, S2 ; see Tulk. 

Tolle, sb. toll, custom, Voc. ; tol, PP, 
Prompt. Comb. : toL-bothe, toll-booth 
( = Lat. telonium), S2, W, Voc— AS. toll-. 
OFris. tolen, tolne; Lat. telonium (Vulg.) ; 
Gr. TtXdjviov. Note that the n of the stem 
appears in AS. tolnere, * teloniarius,' Voc. ; 
see Weigand (s.v. zoll). 

Tollen, v. to take toll, C. Der. : tollere, 
taxgatherer, usurer, S2, PP; toller, Voc. 

Tollen, v. to draw, allure, entice, Prompt., 
PP, ND, SkD ; tole, ND ; tullen, CM, 
SD; tillen, S, H, PP.— AS. tyllan (in 

To-loggen, v. to drag hither and thither, 
S2, PP; to-lugged, pp., PP. 

Tolter, adv. unsteadily, totteringly, S3, 
SkD (s.v. totter). 

To-lnken, v. to rend asunder, S; to- 
loken,//., S. (To- 2.) 

Toly, sb. scarlet colour, WA; tuly, 
Prompt., HD ; tuely, SkD (s.v. trap, 2).— 
Heb. told\ crimson (Isaiah 1. 18), properly 
a worm. 

Tombestere, sb. female dancer, C3; 
see Tumbestere. 

Tome, adj. empty, void, unoccupied, H, 


HD; toom, Prompt.; tume, JD. — Icel. 
tdmr t vacant, empty. Cf. Toft. 

Tome, sb. leisure, S2, PP, H (p. 169) ; 
toym, B ; tume, B ; Icel. tdm, leisure. See 

To-morwen, adv. to-morrow, S ; to- 
morwe, PP; tomore^e, S; tomorn, C. 
(To- 1.) 

To-name, sb. cognomen, PP ; towname, 
PP. (T0-1.) 

Tonge, sb. tongue, S2, C2, C3, PP; 
tunge, S, C, PP, Wa ; tounge, PP ; ton*, 
S3 ; tung, S2. Der. : tongede, tongued, 
talkative, PP.— AS. tunge. 

Tonge, sb. pair of tongs, forceps, S, S2, 
Prompt.; tange, Voc— AS. tange (Voc). 

Tonne, sb. tun, PP, S3, C2, G ; tunne, 
S, PP. Comb. : tonne-greet, as large round 
as a tun, C. — AS. tunne. 

TOO, sb. toe, C ; taa, S2, HD ; toon, pi, 
C ; ton, C ; Urn, S2 ; taes, S2.— AS. td (pi. 

Tool, sb. tool, weapon, C, Prompt.; 
tole»,//., PP; toole», PP.— AS. t6L 

Toom, adj. empty; see Tome. 

Toord, sb. stercus, W2, Prompt. 

Topase, sb. topaz, Cotg. ; topace, S3 ; 
tnpaoe, SkD; topaclus, W (Apoc. 21. 
20); thopas, C2 (p. 151). — OF. topase \ 
Lat. topazum (ace) ; Gr. r6ira£os. 

Toppe, sb. tuft of hair, P, S ; top, top 
of the head, Prompt 

To-quassen, v. to shake asunder, PP ; 
to-quashte, pt. s., PP. (To- 2.) 

To-qua^te,/'. s. quaked, PP. (To- 2.) 

To-racen, v. to scrape to pieces, C2. 
(To- 2.) 

To-renden, v. to rend in pieces, PP ; 
torente, pt. s., C2, W ; to-rent, pp., S, 
C2, W. (To- 2.) 

Toret, sb. ring on a dog's collar, through 
which the leash was passed, CM ; toretts, 
pi., C ; turrets, DG.— OF. touret, the chain 
which is at the end of the check of a bit, 
also the little ring whereby a hawk's lune 
is fastened to the jesses i^Cotg.). 

Toret, sb. turret, G, C, Prompt; touret, 
SkD.— OF. tourette (Cotg.). 

To-reuen, v. to completely take away, 

pp. (To- 2.) : 

Torf, sb. turf, S2 ; turf, Voc. ; turue«, 

//., S2.— AS. turf XVoc). 
Torfare, sb, hardship, misery, peril, 
WA.— Icel. torfaera. 


To-rightes, adv. to rights, aright, G 
(To- i.) 

To-riven, v. to rend in twain ; to-rof 
(intrans.), pt. s., was riven in twain, S2. 

Torment, sb. a tempest, torment, suffer- 
ing, SkD, C3, Prompt. ; tonrment, SkD. 
— AF. torment, a tempest, turment (Ro- 
land), OF. torment ', tourment, a tempest, 
torture (Bartsch), tormente, a tempest 

Tormenten, v. to torment, SkD.— OF. 

Tormentonr, sb. executioner, C3, 
WW ; tormentonres, pi n C3.— AF. tor- 
menter, executioner. 

Tormentynge, sb* torture, C2 • 

Tormentyse, sb, torture, C2. 

Tome, sb. a turn, trick, wile, G. 

Tornen, v. to turn, PP ; see Tonrnen. 

To-rof,//. s. of To-riven. 

Tortuous, adj. oblique (term in astro- 
l°gy)> C3. — Lat tortuosus, crooked. 

To-Samen, adv. together, S. (To- 1.) 

To-schaken, v. to shake asunder, S. 
(To- 2.) 

To-Scheden, v. to part asunder; to- 
scned,#., S2. (To- 2.) 

To-schellen, v. to shell, peel; to- 
■hnllen, //., PP. (To- 2.) 

To-schreden, v. to cut to pieces, C. 
(To- 2.) 

To-spreden, v. to scatter; to-sprad, 
pp., S2. (To- 2.) 

To-SWellen, v. to swell greatly; to- 
swolle,//., S, PP. (To- 2.) 

To-Swinken, v. to labour greatly, C3. 
(To- 2.) 

To-tasen, v. to pull to pieces ; to-tose, 
S. (To- 2.) 

Toten, v. to peep, look about, PP, S3 ; 
tntand, pr. p. t projecting, pushing out, S3 ; 
totede, pt. s. , S3 ; y-toted, pp., S3. Comb. : 
tote-hylle, specula, Prompt. — AS. tdtian ; 
see SkD (s.v. tout). 

To-teren, v. to tear to pieces, C3 ; to- 
teoren, S ; toteore, S ; totome,^., PP ; 
totorn, S ; totore, C3. (To- 2.) 

To-tnrn, sb. refuge, SD. (To- 1.) 

To-twicchen, v. to pull apart; to- 
twicnet, pr. pi, S. (To- 2.) 

Toun, sb. an enclosure, farm-stead, town, 
S2, C, W ; tonne, PP ; tun, S, S2 ; tonne, 
dot., S2, C2. Comb. : tonne-men, men of 
the town, not rustics, PP; tnn-selpe, the 



people of the farm-stead, S. Der. : town- 
is]!, belonging to the town, S3. — AS. ttin, 
enclosure, farm, town; cp. OHG. ziin, 
hedge (Tatian). 

TOUT, sb. tower, S, S2, C2, PP, W2; 
tnr, S; torres, pi., S2. — OF. tur, tor, 
tour*. Lat. turrem. 

Tonrnen, v. to turn, PP ; tnrnen, S, 
S2, PP; tornen, S2, PP; teornen, S2 ; 
tirnen, S ; y-tornd, //., S2 ; i-tnrnd, S, 
S2. — AF. turner \ Lat. tornare, from tornus, 
a lathe. 

Tonrneyment, sb. tournament, C2. — 
OF. tomoiement. 

Towaille, sb. towel, C2 ; towayle, 
Prompt., Voc. ; twaly, Prompt. ; towelle, 
Voc. ; towylle, Voc. — AF. towaille (tua- 
ille), OF. touaile (Bartsch); Low Lat. 
toacula; of Teutonic origin, cp. OHG. 
dudhila, washing-cloth ; from duahan, also 
thuahan, to wash (Tatian). See SkD, also 
Kluge (s.v. zwehle\ 

To-Walten, v. to roll with violence;, overflowed, S2. (To- 2.) 

To-ward, /*?/. towards,' against, S,PP; 
tonward, S ; towart, S. (To- 1.) 

To-warde, adj. present, as a guard or 
protection, PP. (To- 1.) 

To-Wawe, v. to move about near, S2, 
(To- 1.) 

Towker, sb. a fuller ; see Tokker. 

To-wringen, v. to distort; towrong", 
//. s., S. (To- 2.) 

To-wrye, v. to cause to go on one side, 
S3 (4-1.64). (To- 2.) 

To^eines, prep, towards, S; see To- 

To-5ere, adv. this year, Cath. (To- 1.) 

To-5esceoden,^. to separate, S. (To- 2.) 

Trace, sb. track of a way over a field, 
trace, Prompt., C, SkD ; tras, PP; trass, S2. 

Traoen, v. to trace, to draw a picture, 
to trace one's way, to conduct oneself, 
Prompt., CM, S3 ; trasen, S3.— OF. tracer 
{trasser) ; Late Lat. *tractiare, from Lat. 
tract-, base of pp. of trakere; see BH, § 131. 

Trade, sb. a trodden path, S3, TG, 
SkD, HD. See Treden. 

Tradicion, sb. surrender, S3. — Lat. 
traditionem. Cf. Treson 1. 

Traitorye, sb. treachery, C3, CM. 

Traitonr, sb. traitor, S ; traytonr, S ; 
treitnr, S. — AF. traitur; Lat. traditorem. 

Tram, sb. engine, machine, WA ; tram- 
mys,//., B. 



Trappe, sb. the trappings of a horse, 
SkD; trappy*,//., SkD. 

Trapped, adj. adorned with trappings, 
C, Prompt. 

Trappings, ornaments, Sh. 

Trappure, sb. trappings of a horse, 
Prompt. ; trappures, //., C. 

Tranail, sb. work, labour, toil, trouble, 
S2, PP; trauaille, C2 ; trawayle, S2 ; 
tranell, S2 ; tranel, W, W2, H (Ps. 108. 
10). — AF. travail, travaille; Late Lat. 
*trabaculum ; from Lat. trabem, a beam ; 
cp. It. travdglio, a frame for confining un- 
ruly horses. See Trave. 

TrauaiUe, v. to work, toil, travel, 
trouble, vex, torment, PP ; traueilen, W, 
S2 ; trauele, W, W2.— AF. travai(l)ler, 
to work, to vex. See above. 

Tranailous, adj. laborious, W2. 

Txave, sb. a frame in which farriers 
confine unruly horses, CM. See Trauail. 

Trawed, pt. pi trowed, expected, S2 ; 
see Trowen. 

Tray, sb. vexation ; see Tre^e. 

Trays, sb. pi. traces, horse-harness, C ; 
trayee, Prompt; trayse, Cath. — OF. 
trays, horse-harness (Palsg.) for traits, pi., 
of traict, a trace for horses (Cotg.) ; Lat. 
tractum, pp. of trakere. 

Trayste, v. to trust, S2 ; traste, PP, 
S2. — Icel. treysta, from traust. See Trist. 

Traystly, adv. confidently, H. 

Traystnes, sb. confidence, H. 

Traystynge, sb. confidence, H. 

Traytyse, sb. treaty, truce, S3; see 

Tre, sb. tree, wood, lignum, Prompt., S2, 
PP, W, W2 ; treo, S, PP ; treowe, dot., 
S ; treuwe, //., S ; tren, S2 ; treen, S3 ; 
treon, S ; trewes, S ; trowes, PP. Comb. : 
tre tymus ^lignum thyinum), W. — AS. 
triow (trio) y dat. triowe, pi. triowu {trie), 
see Sievers, 250 ; cp. Goth. triu. 

Treatise, sb. a passage (lit. a treatise), 
S3 ; see Tretis. 

Treatyce, sb. treaty, truce, S3; see 

Trechery, sb. treachery, trickery, S ; 
see Trioherie. 

Trechoure, sb. a cheat, HD. — OF. 

trichSor (Bartsch) ; Late Lat. tricatorem. 

Trechurly, adv. treacherously, S3. 

Tred, sb. a foot-mark, SkD (s.v. trade). 

Treden, v. to tread, C, Prompt., PP ; 
//.//., W, PP; tret,/r. s., CM; troden, 


PP ; trade, H (Ps. 55. 2) ; troden,//., C3; 
trodun, W2 ; treddede,//. s. {weak), S3. — 
AS. tredan, pt. trad (pi. tr<kdon), pp. treden. 

Treget, sb. guile, trickery, CM. 

Tregetrie, sb. a piece of trickery, CM. 

Tregettowre, sb. a juggler, joculator, 
Prompt.; tre get our, Prompt. (»), CM, HD. 

Tregettyn, v. to juggle, Prompt.— OF. 
tresgeter (Ducange) ; Lat trans + iactare. 

Treien, v. to betray, P ; trayet, pp., 
HD.— OF. trair; Late Lat. *tradire for 
Lat. tradere. 

Treil^is, sb. trellis, S3 ; trelys, cancel- 
lus, Prompt. — OF. treillis, from treille, a 
vine, arbour (Bartsch) ; Late Lat. */ricla ; 
Lat. trichila ; see BH, § 98. 

Tremlen, v. to tremble, stagger, PP ; 
tremelyn, Prompt. ; trlmlen, HD ; trym- 
len, S3; tremblen, W, PP; trimfcle, 
Manip. — Picard F. tremler (AF. trembler) \ 
Late Lat. tremulare. 

Tremlynge, sb. trembling ; treme- 
lynge, Prompt.; trimlyng, §3; trym- 
linge, HD. 

Trental, sb. a set of thirty masses for 
the dead, SkD, ND, PP ; trentaU, money 
paid for a trental, S3; a month's mind, 
ND.— OF. trental, trentel\ Church Lat 
trigintalem (Ducange). 

Treo, sb. tree, S ; treon, //., S ; see Tre. 

Treowe, adj. true, S ; see Trewe. 

Trepeget, sb. a military engine, HD, 
CM; trebget, Prompt; trebgot, an in- 
strument for catching birds, Prompt. 

Tresor, sb. treasure, S, S2, C3 ; tresour, 
PP, S2, S3, C2 ; treosor, S ; tresores, 
pi, PP; tresnres, S.— AF. tresor; Lat 

Tresorere, sb. treasurer, PP; trese- 
rour, PP. — AF. tresorer. 

Tresorie, sb. treasury, S 2 ; tresory, W A . 
— AF. tresorye. 

Tresoun, sb. treason, craft, C, PP; 
tresnn, Prompt., S ; treson, WA, C2, H ; 
treison, PP ; trayson, S. — AF. treson, 
traison ; Lat. traditionem. 

Trespas, sb. trespass, PP; trespaoe, 
PP, C. 

Trespassen, v. to trespass, PP, WW ; 
trespace, C2 ; trespasside, pt. s., W 
(Acts 1. 25).— AF. trespasser, to cross over, 
to disobey. 

Tretee,j£. treaty, C2, C3; trete, C— 
OF. traite ; Late Lat. tracta. See Tretis. 

Tretis, adj. well made, pretty ; tretys, 


CM, C ; treitys, CM.— OF. tretis, treitis, 
traitis, nicely made (Bartsch) ; from 
traitier ; Lat. tractate, 

Tretis, sb. treatise, short poem, PP, C2, 
WA ; treatise, S3. See below. 

Tretis, sb. treaty, B, CM ; tretys, S2, 
C2,C3; treatyce,S3; traytyse, S3.— AF. 
tretiz ; Late Lat. *tracticium. 

Trewage, sb. tribute, S, JD ; trnaffe, 
Voc, S2, WA; trona*e, WA.— OF. 
treiiage (truage), toll, tax, from treii, treiid, 
tribute; L&t. tribiitum; see Constans (s.v.). 

Trewe, adj. true, S, PP, S2, C2 ; treowe, 
S ; trywe, PP ; triwe, S2 ; trew, S2, C2 ; 
tru, S2. — AS. triowe : OS. triuwi. 

Trewe, sb. fidelity, trust, agreement, 
truce, PP ; treowe, SkD ; treowes, //., 
truce, SkD; trewe*, PP; trewis, B; 
trenwes, PP; trlwes, SkD; trnwys, 
Prompt. ; trewysse, Cath. 

Trewehede, sb. truth, uprightness, S2. 

Treweliche, adv. truly, PP, C2; 

trewely, C2. 

Trewen, v. to think to be true, to trow, 

believe, S. — AS. triowan. See Trowen. 
Trewes,//. trees, S; see Tre. 
Trewes, truce; see Trewe. 
Trewfe, sb. truth, troth, S, C2, PP; 

trenUe, S, S2, PP; tronthe, S2, C3 ; 

tronth, H ; trynfle, PP ; trowWBe, S ; 

trawtte, S2 ; treothes, pi., S ; truthes, 

pledges, S2. — AS. trdotuCu. 
Trey, sb. a throw at dice, viz. three, 

SkD; treye, C3. Comb.: trey-ace, the 

throw of three and one ; a quick exclama- 
tion, S3. — OF. trei, treis ; Lat. tres. 
Tre^e, sb. affliction, grief, SD; trei;e, 

S ; trele, S ; treye, S2 ; tray, vexation, B. 

— AS. trega ; cp. Icel. tregi, Goth, trigo. 
Trewen, v. to afflict, SD. 
Triacle, sb. a remedy, healing medicine, 

S2, PP, C3, NQ (6. 1. 308) ; tryacle, Voc, 

PP, NQ ; treacle, TG, Prompt. ; tryakill, 

S3.— OF. triacle (Bartsch); Lat. theriaca, 

lit. an antidote against the bite of serpents ; 

cp. Gr. Srjpia/eSL <pdpfjtaiea. For examples of 

the intrusive / see Cronlcle. 
Triblen, v. to trouble, H ; see Trnblen. 
Tricherie, sb. treachery, trickery, S, 

PP, S2 ; trecherie, PP ; trechery, S ; 

treocherie, C. — AF. tricherie ; from OF. 

tricher y trecher, to cheat ; Late Lat. tricare 

for Lat. tricari. 
Trick, adj. neat, elegant, ND; triff, 

JD. — For the voicing of the guttural in 



North.E. cp. prigmedainty (JD), with 
prickmedainty or prickmedenty (HD) ; see 
SkD {s.yv.prig, trigger). 

Trien, v. to try, PP ; trl;ede, pp., S2, 
PP ; i-trijed, S2 ; itri3«t, S2 ; y-tried, 
PP ; y-tryed, PP ; tried,//, as adj., choice, 
PP; trye, PP, C2; trledeet, superl., S2, 
PP ; trletrte, PP ; tryest, PP ; triedliche, 
adv., excellently, PP; tri5«ly, PP, S2 ; 
trielich, P.— AF. trier ; Late Lat. tritare, 
to thresh corn. 

Triennels, sb. pi. masses said for three 
years, PP ; triennales, P. — OF. triennal; 
Church Lat. triennale. 

Trillen, v. to turn round and round, 
to trickle, CM, Prompt., C2. S3, Sh., SkD ; 
tryll, Palsg. ; till, Manip. — Cp. Swed. 
trilla, to roll. 

Trinal, adj. threefold, RD; trinaU, 
Spenser, 1. Comb. : trinal tripliclties, 
SkD.— Late Lat. trinalis. 
Trine, adj. taken three at a time, ND. 

Comb. : trine aspect (in astrology), SkD, 

ND ; tryne oompas, the round world con- 
taining earth, sea, and heaven, C3. — OF. 

trine ; Lat. trinum. 
Trinite, sb. Trinity, S2, PP ; Trinitee, 

PP.— AF. Trinite, Trinitet', Church Lat. 

Trisen, v. to hoist up, to trice, to pull 

off, SkD ; tryoe, C2 ; trice, CM. Der. : 

tryyste, tryys, windlass, Prompt. — Cp. 

Dan. tridse, to haul up, to trice, Swed. 

trissa, a pulley. The final -se is the same 

as in E. cleanse. 
Trist, sb. trust, a tryst, meeting- place, B, 

W, W2. PP, S2 ; station in hunting, HD ; 

trust, PP.— Icel. traust. For E. i - Icel. 

au, cp. ME. mire = Icel. maurr ; see SkD 

(s.v. pismire). 

Tristen, v. to trust, S2, C3, W, W2, 
PP ; trysten, S2, PP; trnste, S2 ; trosten, 
S3, S2, PP ; trnste, pt s., S, S2. Der. ; 
tr i styng, a trust, W. See above. 

Tristili, adv. confidently, W, W2. 

Tristnen, v. to trust, W. Der. : 
tristenyng, a trust, W. 

Trinials, sb. pi. studies connected with 
the trivium, the initiatory course taught in 
the schools, comprising grammar, rhetoric, 
and dialectic, S3 ; trivial, adj., initiatory, 
ND. — Schol. Lat. trivialem. 

Troblen, v. to trouble, W; troubild,//., 
WA; seeTmblen. 

Trod, sb. a trodden path, SkD (s.v. trade), 
HD. SeeTreden. 



Troden, //. of Treden. 

Trofle, sb. a trifle, S3 ; see Trufle. 

Trompe, sb. a trump, trumpet, C3; 
trumpe, C. — AF. trompe. 

Trompe, v. to play the trumpet, PP; 
trumpe, W, Prompt. — AF. trumper. 

Tronchoun, sb. a truncheon, broken 
piece of a spear-shaft, C ; trunchone, 
Prompt. — OF. tronchon, troncon. 

Trone, sb. throne, S, PP, S3, C2, C3, 
W ; trones, //., S ; one of the nine orders 
of angels, WA ; tronen, S3. — OF. trone ; 
Lat. thronum ; from Gr. $p6vos. 

Tronen, enthrone, PP. — OF. troner. 

Trost, subj. pr. s. trust, S2 ; see Tristan. 

Trotevale, sb. a trifling thing, HD. 

Trouble, adj. troubled, S2, C2.— AF. 
truble, pp. of trubler ; see Trublen. 

Trouthe, sb. truth, S2, C3 ; see 

Trowabile, adj. credible, H. 

Trowen, v. to believe, S, S2, S3, C2, 
C3, H, PP; tru, S2 ; trawed,, ex- 
pected, S2. — Icel. tnia\ Swed. tro. See 

Trowyng, sb. belief, S2. 

Tniage, sb. tribute, S2 ; see Trewage. 

Trublen, v. to trouble, W ; troblen, 
W ; triblen, H.— AF. trubler; Late Lat. 

Trone, sb. nonsense, absurd tale, trifle, 
PP, SkD ; trofle, S3, SkD ; trefele, PP ; 
trifal, PP ; trifle, PP.— AF. trufle, trofle, 
mockery, OF. truffe, a jest, a flout, also a 
truffle (Cotg.) ; Lat. tubera, truffles ; see 
SkD (s.v. truffle}. For the intrusive / cf. 

Truflen, v. to beguile, SkD; trofle, 
SkD ; trifelyn, Prompt. ; treoflyng;e,/r./., 
S2.— OF. truffler, truffer, to mock (Cotg.). 

Trukenen, v. to fail, S. 

Trukien, v. to fail, S. — AS. trucian, to 
fail, deceive. 

Trusse, sb. a bundle, Manip., CM. 

Trussen, v. to pack, to pack off, C, S2, 
PP, Manip ; turss, B. — OF. trusser, tros- 
ser, torser ; Late Lat. *tortiare. 

Truste, pt. s. trusted, S ; see Tristen. 

Tryce, v. to trice, to hoist up, Ca ; see 

Tryg, adj. trusty, secure, S3. — Icel. 

Trymlyt, //. pi. trembled, S3; see 

Tryst, adj. sad, S3, Der.\ tri«te«, 


sadness, S3. — OF. trist ; Lat. tristem ; and 
OF. tristesse ; Lat. tristitia. 

Tua, num. two, S2 ; see Tuo. 

Tuhen, pt. pi. of Ten. 

Tuht, sb. discipline, S.— AS. tyht; cp. 
OHG. zuht (Otfrid). See Ten. 

Tuhten,^. to draw, persuade, discipline, 
S ; tihte,//. s. f S.— AS. tyhtan. 

Tain, num. two, S2 ; see Twinne. 

Taken, v. to pluck, vex, S ; tnke up, 
suecingere, Cath. ; tnkkyn up, Prompt. ; 
y-touked, pp , tucked, fulled, PP.— AS. 
tucian (twiccan) ; cp. OHG. zukken (Ot- 

Taker, sb. a fuller; see Tokker. 

Tulke, sb. a man, soldier, knight, WA, 
EETS (56) ; tolke, S2 ; tulk, WA, SkD 
(s.v. talk). — Icel. tiilkr, interpreter; Lith- 
uan. tulkas, interpreter ; cp. Dan. tolk. 

Tullen, v. to draw, entice, CM, SD 
see Tollen. 

Tumben, v. to leap, tumble, dance 
tombede, //. s., SD. — AS. tumbian (Mk. 
6. 22) ; cp. OF. tumber, to fall. 

Tumbestere, sb. a female dancer, HD 
tombester, SD ; tumbesteris, pi., SD. 
C3 (p. 151) ; tombesteres, C3. 

Tumblen, v. to leap, dance, SD, SkD 
to tumble, PP; tombly, PP; tmnlyn, 
volutare, Prompt. 

Tumbler, sb. a tumbler, a female 
dancer, Voc. ; tumlare, volutator, Prompt. 

Tun, sb. enclosure, farm-stead, town, S> 
S2 ; see Toun. 

Tunen, v. to enclose, S ; see Tynen. 

Tunge, sb. tongue, S, C, W2 ; seeTonffe. 

Tonne, sb. tun, S ; see Tonne. 

Tuo, num. two, S2, C, PP ; tua, S2 ; 
two, S ; twa, S, S2 ; to, S, S2 ; tawe, S3. 
— AS. twd (neut). 

Tar, sb. tower, S ; see Tour. 

Tarnen, v. to turn, S ; see Tourneu. 

TurSS, v. to pack ; see Trussen. 

Turues, sb. pi. pieces of turf, S2 ; see 

Tus, for thus, S ; see Jms. 

Tutand, pr. p. projecting, pushing out, 
S2 ; see Toten. 

Tute, sb. a horn, cornu % os, SD. — For 
Teutonic cognates see Weigand (s.v. zotte). 
See Tewelle. 

Tute, v. 'to tute in a home,' Manip. 
— Cf. Swed. tuta, to blow a horn. 

Tutel, sb. beak, mouth (?), a 


Tntelen, v. to whisper, S. 

Tnteler, sb. tittler, tattler, PP. 

Tntlyng,^. noise of ahorn, B. See Tute. 

Tutonr, sb. guardian, warden, keeper, 
P, WW, TG.-OF. tuteur ; Lat. tutorem. 

Twa, num. two, S, S2 ; see Tuo. 

Tweamen, v. to separate, S. — AS. 

Tweire, num. gen. of twain, S. — AS. 
twegra (gen.). 

Twelf, num. twelve, S, C2 ; tuelf, S2 ; 
tuelue, S2. Comb. : twelfinonetn, twelve- 
month, PP ; tuelmonth, S2.— AS. twelf \ 
Goth, twalif. 

Twengen, v. to press tightly, tweak, S ; 
tnengde, pt. s. t S2. — Cf. Twingen. 

Twestis, //. twigs, S3 ; see Twyste. 

Tweye, num. twain, PP, C, C2 ; tweie, 
S; tueie, S; twey, S3, PP; twei, PP. 
Comb. : twey-fold, twofold, C3. — AS. 
twega (gen.). See Tuo. 

Tweye, adv. twice, PP; twye, HD; 
twie, S.— AS. twiwa. 

Tweyne, num. twain, G, PP ; tueyne, 
S2 ; twene, S ; tweien, S ; twe^enn, S. 
— AS. twegen. 

Twi- {prefix). Comb. : twi-bil, an axe, 
bipennis, Voc, Prompt., H ; twi-feald, 
twofold, SD ; twye-lyffhte, twilight, 
Prompt. ; twi^rwd, of diverse opinion, SD. 

Twie, adv. twice, S ; see Tweye. 

Twikken, v. to twitch, snatch, pull 
slightly but quickly, Prompt. ; twychyn, 
Prompt. ; twyghte, //. s., CM ; twight, 
//., CM. 

Twine, sb. doubled thread ; twines, 
gen., S. — AS. twin. 

Twinen, v. to twist, S ; twined, pp., S ; 
twyned, PP. 

Twingen, v. to pain, afflict, SkD; 
twunffen, pp., SkD. — Cp. G. zwingen. 

Twinging, sb. affliction, S2. 

Twinken, v. to wink, Prompt., G. 

Twillklen, v. to twinkle, Prompt. 

Twinne, num. two apiece, two at a 
time, S; twynne, S2; tuin, S2. — Icel. 

Twinnen, v. to separate, C2 ; twyn- 
nen, S2, S3, H ; twyne, S3 ; twyn, S2, 
H ; tuyn, H ; twynned,, PP, S3. 

Twyes, adv. twice, S2, C2, C3,.PP.— 
Formed with suffix ~ts on AS. twiwa. See 

Twyste, sb. bough, Cath., S3 ; twist, 



B, S2, C2, CM ; twest, S3.— Cp. ODu. 

Twyste, v. to strip the boughs, de- 
frondare, Cath. 

Twyster (of trees), sb. a stripper of 
boughs, defrondator, Cath. 

Tycement, sb. enticement, HD. 

Tycen, v. to entice, instigate, provoke, 
Prompt., Manip., S ; tisen, PP ; tyse, 
HD (s.v. Use). See Atisen. 

Tykel, adj. unsteady, uncertain, CM. 

Tyle, sb. tile, Prompt. ; tyil, Prompt. ; 
tyyl, S2. Comb. : tyle-stone, tile, brick, 
Prompt.; tiyl-stoon (=Lat. testa), W2. — 
AS. tigele ; Lat. tegula. 

Tymber, sb. timber, wood for building, 
Voc, PP ; tymbre, PP.— AS. timber. 

Tymbre, v. to frame, build, PP ; tim- 
bxin, S, S2. — AS. timbrian : Goth, timr- 
jan ; cp. OHG. zimbrdn (Tatian). 

Tymbre, sb. the crest of a helmet, also 
a helmet, WA ; timber, Cotg. ; tymbrys, 
pi., B.— OF. timbre (Cotg.); Lat. tympa- 
num ; Gr. rvfinavov ; cp. SkD (s.v. timbrel). 

Tyme, sb. time, due season, S, C2, C3, 
PP ; tyme, //., C2 ; tymes, C2. Comb. : 
tymefol, seasonable, early, W ; timliohe, 
quickly, S. — AS. tima ; cp. Icel. timi. 

Tymen, v. to betide, S2. — AS. (ge)- 

Tynd, sb. the tine or prong of a deer's 
horn, the spike of a harrow, JD, SkD ; 
tyndis, S3.— AS. tind (Voc); cp. Icel. 

Tyne, adj. tiny, WA. 

Tyne, sb. prickle, Prompt. 

Tyne, v. to lose, S2, PP, H ; tine, S2, 
H ; tynt, pp., S2, PP, H. Der. : tynsil, 
loss, ruin, H ; tinsill, H. — Icel. tyna, to 
lose, to destroy, tynask, to perish, from 
tjdn, loss, damage. 

Tynen, v. to enclose, S2 ; tinen, S ; 
tnnen, S. — AS. tynan, from ttin. See 

Tynken, v. to ring, tinkle, W. 

Tynkere, sb. tinker, PP. 

Tynsale, sb. loss, harm, B. See Tyne. 

Tysane, sb. a drink, Prompt. — OF. 
tisane, barley-water; Lat. ptisana, pearl- 
barley, also barley-water ; Gr. imaivrj. 

Tyiryk, sb. consumption, S2, Prompt; 
tysike, Cath.— OF. tisique (Bartsch) ; Lat. 
phthisica, consumptive disease ; from Gr. 
<p$i<jis, decay ; cp. It. tisica. 

Tyyl, sb. tile, S2 ; see Tyle. 




U, V (vowel). 

TJggen, v. to dread, to shudder at, HD ; 
uff, H ; hug©, H ; nggia, pr. s., H ; 
ugffid, pt. s. f H. — Icel. ugga. 

TJggynge, sb. shuddering, horror, H. 

Ugly, adv. dreadful, horrible, H, SkD ; 
uglike, SkD. — Icel. uggligr. 

TJgSOm, adj. frightful, SkD (s.v. ugly). 

TJhte, sb. the part of the night before 
daybreak ; listen, dat., S, SD. — AS. tihte : 
OS. uhta : Goth, uhtwo ; cp. OHG. uohta, 
Icel. 6tta 9 see Weigand (s.v. uckt), and 
Fick, 7. 9. 

TJllten-tid, sb. early morning-time, SD. 

TJllt-SOng, sb. morning-chant, matins, 
SD. — AS. uht-sang. 

Ulke, adj. the same, S ; see like. 

TJmbe, prep, about, around, WA, S ; 
nxnmbenn, S; embe, S. — AS. ymbe (embe) : 
OHG. umbi (Otfrid), OS. umbi. 

Vmbe-cast, v. to cast about, consider, 
ponder, B; umbekestez, pr. s., S2. 

TTmbe-gronen,//. grown all round, S2. 

TJmbelappe, v. to surround, WA. See 

Vmbe-set, v. to beset, B; umbeset, 
pt. s. t B ; vmset, S2 ; umbeset, pp., B ; 
nmsett, H, HD ; vmset, S2.— AS. ymb- 

Vmbe-stount,^. sometimes, B; tun- 
stunt, H. — AS. ymbe + stund. 

TJmbe-])enken, v. to bethink, meditate, 
S ; nxnthink, H ; vmbethinkis 30W, imp. 
pi. refl., B; umbithoghte, pt. s. y HD; 
vmbethoucht, B. — AS. ymb-pencan. 

TJmbe- weround, pp. environed, B. 

Umbe-while, adv. sometime, at times, 
S ; umwnile, H, HD ; umwile, S ; vm- 
qnbile, B; umqulle, WA. 

TJm-ga, v. to go about, H. 

TTm-gang, sb. circuit, S2, H.— AS. 

TTm-gifen, v. to surround, H ; vmgaf,, S2, H. 

TJm-gripen, v. to surround; vm- 
griped,//.//., Sa. 

TTm-hilen, v. to cover up; umhild, 

//. S.y H. 

TJm-lap, v. to wrap around, compre- 
hendere, to embrace, WA, S2 ; umlappe, 
H, HD ; vmlapped, pp., S2. See Um- 

TTm-louke, v. to lock in, H. 
Um-8ege 9 v. to besiege, H. 
TJm-set, pp. beset all round, S2 ; see 
Urn-shadow, v. to shadow round, pro- 
tect, H. 
Urn- Stride, v. to bestride, S2 ; urn- 
strode,//. s. t HD. 

TTm-writlien, v. to wind round, H ; 
umwritnyn,//., H. 

Um-^ede, pt- s. went about, H. 

XJn-f prefix (1), has a negative force and 
is used before substantives, adjectives, and 
past participles ; on-, B. — Goth, un- ; cp. 
Gr. dv-, 

Un-, prefix (2), expresses the reversal of 
an action, and is used before verbs; on-, 
S3. — Goth, and-; cp. Gr. fort-. 

Un-, prefix (3), until. — OS. und-. Cf. 

TJn-aneomned,//- unnamed, innumer- 
able, S. Cf. A-uemnen. 

TJn-auanced, pp. unpromoted, S2. 

XJn-bermed, pp. unleavened ; nnberr- 
medd, S. 

TJn-bicnmlich, adj. unbecoming, S ; 
unbicomelich, S. 

TJn-biliene, adj. unprofitable; unbi- 
hefre, comp., S. 

TJn-bilene, sb. unbelief, W. 

TJn-bileneful, adj. unbelieving, W; 
unbileful, S. 

TJn-binden, v. to unbind, S2 ; unbind, 
pr. s.y S ; nnbint, S ; nnbond, pt. s., S ; 
nnbonndon, pl. t S ; pp. f C2.— Cp. OHG. 
in-bintan (Otfrid). (Un- 2.) 

TJn-bischoped, pp. unconfirmed ; un- 
bishped, S. 

TJn-bisor^eliche, adv. piteously, S. 

TTn-bliSe, adj. joyless ; unblybe, S2. 

TJn-b6ht f pp. unatoned for, S; nnbonht, 

TJn-bokelen, v. to unbuckle, C2, C3. 
(Un- 2.) 

TJn-brosten, pp. unburst, S2. 

TJn-buhsiLIll, adj. disobedient, S ; vn- 
boxome, P. 

Un-buzsniiines, sb. disobedience, H. 

TJnce, sb. ounce, SkD, C ; ounce*, pi., 
C2.— OF. unce ; Lat. uncia. Cf. Inone. 


Un-chargid,//. unladen, W. (Un-2.) 

Un-COfre, v. to take out of a coffer, S3. 
(Un- 2.) 

Un-conabil, adj. unsuitable; unkon- 
nabil, H ; vnounable, H.— Cp. OF. co~ 
venable (BH. 153-43). 

Un-conabilly, adv. unsuitably, H. 

Un-COnabilnes, sb. misbehaviour, H. 

TJn-COnabiltes, incongruities, H. 

Vn-conand, adj. ignorant, HD, H; 
▼nkunand, H. 

Vn-COnandly, adv. ignorantly, H. 

TTn-COrmpcioiin, sb. incorruption, W. 

Uncut?, adj. strange, unknown, S2 ; see 

Un-cweme, adj. displeasing, SD : unn- 
oweme, S. See Un-yqueme. 

Undampned, //. uncondemned, W. 

Un-deedli. adj. immortal, W ; vnded- 


XTn-deedlynesse, sb. immortality, W; 
undedlynea, WA. 

Un-defonlid, pp. undefiled (= tmpoU 
lutus, immaculatus), W, WA. 

Un-dep, adj. not deep, S. 

Under, prep., adv. during, between, 
under, underneath, S; onder, SD; undur, 
W ; undir, B. Phr. : vnder ban, during 
these things, interea, meanwhile, S. — AS. 
under: Goth. undar; cp. OHG. untar. 

Under, sb. afternoon, CM ; see Uadern. 

Under, v. to subject, S2. 

Under-crien, v. to cry out; undur- 
erieden, pt. pi. ( = succlatnabant) t W. 

Under-fangen, v. to receive, S ; un- 
derfonge, S ; onderuonge, S2 ; under- 
uongen, S ; onderfang, imp. s. , S ; undur- 
fong, pt. s. f S2 ; underueng, S2 ; under- 
fangen, pp., S ; underuonge, S ; under- 
fongen, P ; undurfongun, W. 

Under- fon, v. to receive, S ; nndexfo, 
S ; under-non, S ; nnderfon, pp., S. — 
AS. under-f6n. 

Under-giten, v. to perceive, under- 
stand; under^iten, SD; under^eite, S; 
undergarton, pt. pi., S. — AS. under-gitan. 

Under-leggen, v. to subject ; under- 
bade, 2pt. J., 52. 

Under-ling, sb. a subject, inferior, S, PP. 

Under-lont, adj. subject, H. 

Under-master, sb. usher; undur- 
malatir ( = paedagogus), W. 

Under-mel, sb. the afternoon-meal, 
SD, CM. SeeUndern. 



Undern, sb. the time between, the time 
between sunrise and noon, between noon 
and sunset, a mealtime, S2, C, C2, CM, 
Voc. ; undorne, WA ; vndren, S, HD, 
SD ; under, S2 ; undur, HD ; aunder, 
HD. — AS. undern, OS. undom, Icel. «»- 
dorn ; cp. OHG. untorn (G. untern). 

Undern-time, sb. SD ; undrentlme, S ; 
undlrtime, SD. 

Under-nymen, v. to receive, perceive, 
reprove, PP ; undlrnyme, W2 ; underni- 
men, S ; underneme, reprehendo, Prompt. ; 
underaom, pt. s., C3 ; undernunten,^., 
S; undirnommen, W; undernome, PP. 

Under-picchen, v. to fix underneath ; 
underpyghte, pt. s., C3. 

Under-preost, sb. under-priest ; unn- 
derr-preoat, S. 

Under-sette, v. to place beneath, sup- 
port, prop up ; unduraette, W2. 

Under-Standen, v. to understand, S ; 
onderatanden, S2 ; understonden, S, S2 ; 
undyratonde, S2 ; under stant, pr. s.,S; 
underatont, S ; undyratode, //. s., S2 
underatoden, pt. //., S ; unduratoden, 
stood under, W2 ; underatande, pp., S ; 
underatonde, S2 ; onderatonde, S2. 

Under-stondingnesse,^. faculty of 
understanding, S. 

Under-take, v. to undertake, agree, 
SD ; undeztoe, pt. s. t S2 ; undertok, S. 

Under-beod, sb. subject, S ; under- 
beoden, pi., S; underblede, S. — AS. 

Under-non, v. to receive, S ; see Un- 

Under-^eite, v. to learn, discover, S ; 
see Under-giten. 

Un-digne, adj. unworthy, C2. — OF. 

Un-discreet, adj. undiseerning, C2. — 
OF. undiscret. 
Un-don, v. to undo, open, disclose, SD, 
W ; undo, WA ; undede, //. s. t S2 ; un- 
dude, S, PP; undone,//., S.— AS. w«- 
d6n. (Un- 2.) 
Undon, v. to undo, destroy, PP. 
Undonbtabili, adv. without doubt, S3. 
Un-dreh. adj. impatient, out of patience, 
Un-dnhti^, adj. unworthy ; unduhtl, S. 
Un-ea8, adj. uneasy ; unease, S. 
Un-ea8e, adv. scarcely, S ; unnetfe, S, 
S2, C2, C3, W ; onneabe, S2 ; onebe, S3 ; 
uneth, S3, P, WA ; unnetn, S3. 



TJn-eX$eB f adv. scarcely, WA, S; nn- 
netnes, S2, C2, W, H; vnneths, H; 
▼nees, PP. 

Un-fa^en, adj. displeased ; nnfeyn, S2. 

Un-fest, adj. unstable, S2. 

Un-festlich, adj. unfestive, Ca. 

Un-fete, adj. ill-made, bad, S2. (Un- 1 .) 

Un-filabil, adj. insatiable, H. (Un- 1.) 

TTn-filed,^. undented, S2. 

Un-flichand,^. unffinching,H.(Un-i .) 

TJn-for^olden, pp. unrequited, S ; un- 
▼orgnlde, S. 

TJn-frem6, sb. disadvantage, S. — AS. 

Un-£raytOU8e 9 adj. unfruitful, W. 

Un-gert, pp. ungirt, G. 

Un-glad, adj. unhappy, S2. 

Un-happe, sb. ill-luck, WA. 

Un-happy, adj. unlucky, S2. 

TJn-hardy, adj. not bold, PP. 

Un-hele, sb. sickness, S; misfortune, 

Un-heled,'//. uncovered, WA, PP. — 
AS. helian : OHG. haljan. (Un- 2). 

TJn-hel8e, sb. sickness, S ; nnhafte, S. 

Un-hersumnesse,^- disobedience, S. 

— AS. unhyrsumnis. 

Un-hillen, v. to disclose, S ; nnhilen, 
S2, W; OTihllltn, Prompt.; nnhnllen, 
SD, MD ; nnniled, //., CM, G, SD, PP ; 
unbilled, S2.— Cp. Goth, huljan, OHG. 
huljan, hullan. (Un- 2.) 

TJn-hol, adj. sick, S. — AS. un-hdl. 

Un-hold, adj. ungracious, S. 

TTn-ifo;, adj. innumerable; nnnlfo^e, 
//., S.— AS. un-gefdg. 

TJn-imeaS, sb. want of moderation, S 
(8 b. 12). 

TJn-imet, adj. immense, immeasurable, 
S ; onimete, S. — AS. un-gcmet. 

TJn-imete, adv. immensely, S. — AS. 

TJn-imeteliche, adv. infinitely, S. — 
AS. ungemetlice* 

TJn-iredlice, adv. sharply, roughly, S ; 
unridell, S.— AS. un-gerydelice. 

TJn-isal8e, sb. unhappiness, S. — AS. 

TJn-iseli, adj. unhappy, S.— AS. un- 

Un-itald, pp. unnumbered, S. — AS. un- 

Universite, sb. universe, world, W.— 
OF. universite \ Lat. utdversitatem (Vulg.) 


Un-iwasse,//. unwashen, S. 

Unk, pron. dual, us both, S ; anker, of 
us both, S. — AS. unc, dat. and ace, uncer, 
gen. : Goth, ugk, ace, ugkis, dat, ugkara, 

Un-kempt, pp. uncombed, rough, S3. 

TTn-kenelen, v. to ungag, S. (Un- 2.) 

Un-konth., adj. unknown, strange, PP ; 
nnktiS, S ; uncus, S2 ; uncouthe, //., S2, 
C2 ; uncrrtJe, S ; unecfte, S. — AS. un-ai9. 

Vn-kunnyng, sb. ignorance, W; vn- 
kunnyngis, /Z, W 2. 

Vn-kuniiyTlg6,^- unskilful, ignorant, 
S2, W, W2; nnkonnynsr, C; vnkon- 
nynge, PP. 

TTn-knnnyngenesse,^. ignorance,W. 

TJn-kynde, adj. unnatural, unkind, C2, 
PP ; nnennde, SD. 

Un-kyndenesse, sb. unkindness, C3, 

TJn-kyth, v. to hide, S2. (Un- 2). 

TJn-lace, v. to unbind, W. (Un- 2.) 

TJn-lappe, v. to unfold ; onlappyt, pt. 
s., S3. (Un-2.) 

TJn-lede, adj. miserable, wretched, S, 
SD.— AS. un-l<kd: Goth, un-leds. 

TJn-lenefal, adj. not permissible, W; 
onleeffnl, illicitus, Prompt. 

Un-leuesnUL, adj. not permissible ; on- 
lesnm, S3. 

TTn-liche, adj. unlike, S. 

TJn-lotlken, v. to unlock, PP ; vnloke, 
pp., G. (Un-2.) 

Un-lust,^. lack of pleasure, displeasure, 

TJn-lnsti, adj. unlusty, idle, SD; on- 
losti, S2. 

TTn-lykyngei adj. unfit, improper, scan- 
dalous, P£ 

Un-]liayte 9 adj. unmeet, H. Phr. : 
in nnmayte, unfittingly, H. 

TJn-m.6o8 9 sb. want of moderation, S ; 
nnmeft, S (8 a. 10). See Meth. 

TTn-menable, adj. immovable, W. 

TJn-moebleS, sb. pi. immovable pro-* 
perty, PP.— Cp. OF. muebles (BH); pi. of 
mueble ; Late Lat. mdbilem. 

TJn-mylde, adj. cruel, W ; unmyld, H. 

TJn-nait, adj. useless, S2, H. 

TJnuen, v. to grant, S ; hnnne, S ; an, 
1 pr. s. t S ; on, pr. s., S ; i-nnne, pp., S. — 
AS. unnatty 1 and 3 pr. s. ann, opt. unne, 
pt. iStJe, pp. ge-unnen. Cp. Icel. unna, OS. 
gi-untian, OHG. gi-unnan, pt onda (Ot- 
frid), G. gonnen. 


Unnetfe, adv. scarcely, S, S2, C2, C3, 
W ; unneth, S3 ; see Un-eafte. 

Unnethes, adv. scarcely, S2, C2, W, 
H ; vnneths, H ; see Un-ettes. 

Un-nit, adj. useless, S ; linnet, S ; nn- 
nnt, S. — AS. un-nytt. 

XTn-noble, adj. ignoble, W2. 

TTn-noblei, sb. ignobleness, W. 

Un-noyandnes, sb. harmlessness, H. 

TJn-obedience, sb. disobedience, W. 

Un-onest, adj. dishonourable, W. 

TTn-orne, adj. old, worn out, S ; nnorn, 
S ; nnonrne, HD. — AS. un-orne (Grein). 

TTn-perfit, adj. imperfect, W2 ; nn- 
parnt, PP. 

TJn-pesible, adj. unquiet, W. 

Un-pined, //. untouched by pain, S. 

Un-pite, sb. want of feeling, W, W2. 

XTn-profit, sb. unprofitableness, W. 

TTn-quaynt, adj. imprudent, unwise, H. 

XTn-rede, sb. bad counsel, folly, mis- 
chief, S. — AS. un-r<kd. 

TTn-redi, adj. not prepared, W; nnredy, 
improvident, PP. 

Un-repreuable, &dj. not to be re- 
proved, W. 

XTn-rest, sb. restlessness, S3 ; vnreste, 
dat., C2. 

XTn-resty, adj. restless, H ; unrlsty, H. 

ITn-ride, adj. harsh, cruel, WA, HD, 
SD.— AS. un-{ge)ryde (Luke, 3. 5). 

TTn-rideli, adv. sharply, vehemently, 
roughly, S ; nnridly, fiercely, W A ; see 

Un-ri^t, adj. sb, injustice, wrong, S2 ; 
unryht, S ; vnrifrht, PP, S2 ; nnriht, S. 
— AS. un-riht, 

Un-ri^tfolnesse, sb. unrighteousness, 
unlawfulness, W2 ; unrihtfolnesse, S. 

TJn-ri^twisnesse, sb, unrighteousness, 

Un-sad, adj. unsteady, C2. 

TJn-SadneSSe, sb. instability, W. 

Un-saht, adj. unreconciled, discon- 
tented, S2. 

Un-schape, pp. unshapen, outlandish, 

Un-schntten, v. to open, SD; un- 
sohette, //.;., SD; onsohet, S3 ; vnshette, 
/A, S3. (Un-2.) 

Un-Scilwis, adj. unwise, H. 

Un-scilwisly, adv. unwisely, H. 

Un-SeheliQA, adj. invisible, S, 



TJn-seill, sb. misfortune, B. — AS. unsSl. 

Un-sele, adj. unhappy, S, S2. 

Un-selS, sb. unhappiness ; unselfte, S ; 
nnnsellSe, S; nnnseol&e, S. — AS. un- 

TTn-sely, adj. unhappy, C2 ; vnoell, W. 

Un-sete, sb. unsettledness, S2. 

TJn-skabefal, adj. harmless; unn- 
skapefull, S. 

TJn-skabi;n6SSe, sb. harmlessness, S. 

TJn-skilfal, adj. unreasonable, out- 
rageous, unprofitable, PP ; nnsohilfol, S2. 

TTn-slekked,//. unslacked, C3. 

Un-SOOte, adj. unsweet, bitter, S3. 

TJn-SOUnded, pp. unhealed, S3. 

TJn-SOuerable, adj. insufferable, S3. 

Un-SOWen, v. to slit open what has 
been sewn, PP ; unsouwen, PP. (Un- 2.) 

Un-spedfal, adj. unsuccessful, H ; on- 
sohet, S3. 

TJn-sperren, v. to unfasten, unbar, PP. 
(Un- a.) 

Un-spurne, v. to kick open, S. (Un- 2.) 

Un-staSelnest, adj. without a firm 
foundation, S. 

TJn-stedefast, adj. not firm in one's 
place, unsteady, S, PP ; nnstudeueste, S. 
— AS. unstedefcest. 

TJn-stirabil, adj. immovable, H. 

Un-strong, adj. feeble, S.— AS. un- 

Un-SUget, pp. not subject, W. 

Un-tellendlic, adj. indescribable, S. 

TJn-banc, sb. dislike ; nnponkes, gen., 
S. Phr. : hares nnpanoes, against their 
will, S. — AS. un-panc. 

Un-thende, small, out of season, PP, 
HD. Cf. Theen. 

TJn-thewe, sb. immorality, S; nn-pen, 
S ; unpewe, dat., S ; nnpewes, pi, S2. — 
AS. un-piaw. 

Un-tholemodnes, sb. impatience, H. 

Un-brift, sb. unprofitableness; nn- 
J>ryftt», S2. 

TTn-thryftyly, adv. unprofitably, im- 
properly, S2, C3. 

Un-tiffed, pp. unadorned, S. 

Until, conj.y prep, until, unto, S2, PP, 
SkD ; ontill, B. (Un- 3.) 

TTn-tiled,// untilled, PP; nntolod,S2. 

Un-to, prep, unto, SkD. — OS. unt6 for 
undt + 6\ cp. OS. ante, until, Goth. unte ) 
for, OHG. unz (Tatian). (Un- 3.) 



TJn-todealet,//. undivided, S. (Un-i.) 
TJn-toheliche, adv. unrestrainedly, S. 
Un-tohen, pp. undisciplined, S ; un- 

towun, SkD (p. 695), untoho, S.— Cf. 

AS. tion. See Ton. 
TTn-trewe, adj. untrue, not straight, S, 

PP, C2.— AS. un-triowe. 
Un-trewnesse, sb. untruth, S. 
Un-trewthe, sb. untruth, C3. 
Un-trist, sb. disbelief, W. 
TTn-vysible, adj. invisible, W. 
Un-war, adj. unexpected, unexpecting, 

SD, S2, C2, C3. 
Un-ware, adv. unwarily, S2. 

Un-warly, adv. at unawares, S3. 

Un-way, sb. wrong path, H. 

Un-weawed, pp. unveiled, S— Cp. AS. 
wd/els, a covering, veil. 

TJn-welde, adj. impotent, weak, SD, S ; 
▼nweldy, S3, C3. 

TTn-wemmed,//. unstained, unspotted, 
S, S2, C3, W2 ; unwemmyd, W, H ; on- 
wemmet, S; unwoommet, S. — AS. un- 

Un-wer^ed, //. unwearied ; unwerget, 
S. — AS. un{ge)wiriged. 

TTn-wiht, sb. monster, an uncanny crea- 
ture, evil spirit, S; unwljt, S; adj., S; 
nnwijtes, pL, S. 

Un-wille, sb. unwillingness, displeasure, 
S. Phr. : hire unwllles, against her will, 
S. — AS. un-willa. 

Un-willich, adj. unwilling, S. 

TTn-wine, sb. enemy, S; unwines,//., S. 

Un-wis, adj. unwise, S2. — AS. un-wis. 

Un-wisdom, sb. folly, W. 

TJn-wist, pp. unknown, C. 

Un-wit, sb. want of wit, C3, H. 

Un-witti, adj. unwise, W. 

TJn-wityng, pr.p. unknowing, C3. 

TTn-wityng, sb. ignorance, W. 

Un-wi^t, adj. uncanny, S. See Un- 

TJn-WOrschip, zr. to dishonour, W. 

Un-wrappen, v. to disclose, C2 . (Un-2.) 

TTn-wrast, adj. infirm, weak, base, bad, 
S, PP; unwreast, S; unwrairte, //., S; 
unwreste, dat. s., S. — AS. un-wr&st. 

TTn-wrenc,^- evil design; unwrenohe, 
dot., S. — AS. unwrenc. 

TJn-wr^on, v. to discover, to reveal, 
SD ; unwxeo, S ; unwro^n, S ; unwrojo, 
S. — AS. un-wrJon. (Un- 2.) 


Un-wrien, v. to uncover, SD ; pp.,S.— 
From AS. wrihan. (Un- 2.) 

Un-wnnne, sb. sadness, S, SD; un- 
winne, S ; unwenne, S. 

Un-wur8, adj. unworthy, S ; unwuxfte, 
pl.y S; unwuroere, comp. 9 S; unwuxti- 
este, superl n S. — AS. un-wurQ. 

Un-wur$i, adj. unworthy, S, SD ; on- 
wurpi, Prompt. 

TTn-wnrBlicll, adj. unworthy, base; 
unworpelych, S2 ; unwuxftliohe, adv., 
S. — AS. un-wur9Iic t -lice. 

Un-yliche, adj. unlike, S ; unilien, S. 
— AS. un-geUc. 

TTn-yqueme, adj. displeasing, S. See 
Un-cweme, Icweme. 

XTp, adv. and prep, up, S2, S3, G; op, 
S, S2. Phr. : up so doun, upside down, 
C, C3, W, PP; up se doun, W, W2 ; up 
soo doune, S3.— AS. up, upp ; cp. OHG. 

Up-braiding, sb. reproach, S2. 

Up-breiden, v. to reproach, S, W. 

TTp-breyd, sb. reproach, S2. 

TTp-Cnmen,^. to ascend; uppoumenn,S. 

Up-henen, v. to raise, S2 ; upnaf,//. s., 
C; upnouen,^., S2 ; upe-houen, S2. 

TJp-holdere, sb. seller of second-hand 
things, P. 

TJp-londisch, adj. rustic, countrified, 
S2 ; oplondysch, S2. 

Vppe, adv. up, PP, S; upo, S, S2 ; ope, 

Vppon, prep, upon, PP; uppen, S; 
apon, S2. Phr. : vpon lofte, above, S2. 

Up-right, adv. on one's back, C, C2 ; 
upxyghte, C2. 

Up-risen, v. to rise up ; up-ri«t,/r. s. 

Up-risinge, sb. resurrection, S2. 

Up-rist, sb. rising, SD, S3; upxiste, 
dat., S, C. 

Up-set, pp. set up, S2. 

Up-sterten, v. to start up ; upsterte, 
pt. s., S2, C. 

Up-Sti;e, sb. ascension, S. 

Up-Sti;en, v. to ascend, SD; up- 
*teg1i*u, f S2 ; upsteffh, //. s., Si. 

Up-Stowr, v. to be stirred up, S3. 

Up-take, v. to take up, receive ; uptoke, 
pt. s. } S2. 

Up- ward, adv. upward; uppard, S. 
Up-warp, v. to throw up, S3. 


Up-wauen, v. to move upward with an 
undulating motion ; up-wafte, pt. pi., S2. 

Up-^elden, v. to deliver up, Sa. 

Vrchun, sb. hedghog, H ; see Irchon. 

XTre, sb. practice, work, operation, ND, 
Manip., SkD. — OF. eure, uevre; Lat. 

Ure, sb. fate, luck, good luck, B, CM.— 
OF. eur, eiir\ Prov. agur; Late Lat. 
*agurium for Lat. augurium; see BH, 
§ 37. 

Urnen, v. to run, S ; see Bennen. 

TTrre, sb. anger, S ; see Eorre. 

Usage, sb. custom, C2, C3.— AF. usage. 

Usaunce, sb. custom, HD, CM. — OF. 
usance (Cotg.). 

Use, sb. use, usury, HP; us, Sa, SD; 
▼ce, S3 ; oyss, B.— AF. us ; Lat. usum. 

Usen, v. to use, to be accustomed, PP, 
S3, C2 ; usede, pt. s., SD, PP; nsiden,//., 
dealt with, W ; yvsed, pp., Sa ; uset, 



customary, PP; used, C3; vsyt, S3; 
oysit, B ; wsyt, S3.— AF. user. 

Ussher, sb. usher, door-keeper, C2, 
SkD ; uschere, Prompt. ; ussnere, PP.— 
AF. ussher, usser, OF. ussier \ Lat. osti- 
arium, door-keeper, from ostium, door. 

Usnre, sb. usury, C2, P ; vsuris, pi, W. 
— AF. usure; Lat. usura. 

Utas, sb. the octave of a festival, HD, 
ND, SkD, Palsg.— AF. utaves; Lat. oc- 
tavos. For the s « ifs cp. in Old French 
vis = vivus (BH). 

Ute, adv. out, S.— AS. lit*. 

Uten, prep, away from, S.— AS. titan', 
cp. Goth, utana. 

Utile, sb. wave, S; y]>es,/£, Sa,HD.— 
AS. yd : Lat. unda. 

Ut-la^e, sb. outlaw, S.— Icel. titlaga, 
outlawed, titlagi, an outlaw. See Out-lawe. 

Uttring, sb. circulating, S3. See Out- 

Xljten, sb. early morning, S ; see Uhte. 

V U (consonant). 

For some words of Teutonic origin beginning with V, see P; see also in 
some cases W. 

Vacherye, sb. a dairy, Prompt.— OF. 
vacherie, a cow-house (Cotg.) ; Late Lat. 
vaccaria t from Lat. uacca, a cow. 

Vader, sb. father, S,.Sa ; see Fader. 

Ucein, adj. fain, S ; see Fayn. 

Uair, adj. fair, S2 ; see Fayr. 

Uale, adj. many, S ; see F.ele. 

Vale, sb. vale, PP.— AF. vol; Lat 

Val£, sb. valley, S2, B ; valeie, Sa ; 
valeye, PP ; valayis, pi., B.— OF. valee ; 
cp. It. vallata. 

Vale, v. to descend, S3.— Cp. OF. avaler, 
to descend. Cf. Aualen. 

Valnwen, v. to become yellow, S ; see 

Vampies, Vampett ; see Vauntpe. 

Vane, sb. a vane, Ca ; see Fane. 

Vanishen, v. to vanish, C2 ; vanshe, 

Voc. ; vanshede,//. s., PP ; vanyschiden, 
//., became vain, W ; vanyssht, pp., S2. — 

Cp. OF. esvanuiss; base of pr. p. of 

esvanuir; Lat. ex + uanescere, from uanus. 

Vant, v. to vaunt, WA. -OF. vanter; 
Late Lat. vanitare, from Lat. uanus. 

Vantwatde, sb. vanguard, Sa; see 

Uaren, v. to fare, S ; see Faren. 

Variannt, adj. changing, fickle, C2. 

Varien,^. to vary, Prompt.; wariande, 
pr.p., Sa ; variand, Sa, S3 ; variant, S3. 
— AF. varier ; Lat. uariare. 

Varlet, sb. a young vassal, servant, 
squire, SkD, Sh. ; verna, Manip. ; verlet, 
S3.— OF. varlet, vaslet, dimin. of vassal. 
See below. 

Vassal, sb. a servant, subject. — AF. 
vassal; Low Lat. vassallum (ace), from 
vassus, a man, a subject (of Celtic origin); 
cp. Wei. gwas, a youth, servant. 

Vassalage, sb. good service, prowess in 
arms, courage, B ; vasselage, C, CM.— 

AF. vasselage (Roland). 

Vath, sb. danger, B.— Icel. vdSi. 
Vath, inter/, fie I (- vah), W. 
Uanmpe, sb. the fore part of the foot, 
I the vamp, Prompt., S ; vampies, ND ; 



W9X0&; pedana, pedium, ante pedah, Voc.; 
wampay, /*&»<*, Voc; vauntpe, Palsg.; 
vampett, Cath.— OF. tiantpie (Palsg.), 
avant-pied, the fore part of the foot (Cotg.). 

Vannte, sb. a boast, WA. See Yant. 

Vaunten, v. to vault, S3; vant, S3 
(s.v. vaut). Probably for vauut, vaut. 

Vanntwarde,^. vanguard, PP; vant- 
warde, Sa ; yaward, B, WA.—AF.avaunt- 
garde f OF. avant%varde> avantgarde. 

Vauntynge, sb. vaulting, S3. 

Vavasour, sb. a sub-vassal, C, HD.— 
AF. vavasour; OF. vavassor, a gen. pi. 
form, see Bartsch, p. 500 ; Low Lat. vassus 
vassorum, vassal of vassals (Diez, p. 338). 

Vaylen, v. to avail ; vaille, PP ; vay- 
leth,/r. s. t S3 ; vayls, H. See Auailen. 

Vayn, sb. vein, S3 ; see Veyne. 

XJeale, adj. many, S ; see Uele. 

Ueat v sb. vessel, S ; see Pat. 

Veaw, adj. few, S2 ; see Pewe. 

Veder, sb. father, S ; see Pader. 

Veel, sb. veal, SkD ; veale, calf, Manip. ; 
veal, Manip. ; veilys, //., calves, S3.— OF. 
fv*/(Ps. 28. 6) : Prov. vedel; Lat. uitellum 

Veer-tyme, sb, spring-time, W2. See 

Veille, sb. watcher, P ; veil, PP.— OF. 
veile ; Lat. uigilia, a vigil, a watch. 

Ueir, adj. fair, MD ; see Payre. 

Ueir, sb. beauty, S. See above. 

Vekke, sb. an old woman, CM. 

TJela^-rede, sb. fellowship, Sa; see 

Uele, adj. many, S, S2 ; ueole, S ; neale, 
S ; see Pel©. 

Uelen, v. to feel, MD ; see Pelen. 

Velnet, sb. velvet, sericum viltosum, 
Manip., Prompt. ; velwet, Prompt. ; velo- 
uette,C2 ; vellet,HD.— It. w/*/*(Florio),' 
Late Lat. *villutum ; from Lat. uillus, 
shaggy hair ; cf. OF. velu, shaggy (Cotg.). 

Vendage, sb. vintage, PP.— OF. ven- 
dange\ Lat. uindemia; see BH, § 167. 

Venerie, sb. hunting, C ; venery, game, 
t>G.— OF. venerie (Cotg.), from vener, to 
hunt ; Lat. uenari. 

Venesoun, sb. venison, P, Voc. ; veny- 
soun, PP. — AF. venesoun, venysoun, OF. 
venison ; Lat uenationem y hunting, see 
Apfelstedt (Introd. xxx), BH, § 28. 

Venge. v. to avenge, PP, ND, W; 
wenge, S2 ; vengide, pt. s., W.— OF. 
venger, vengier; Lat. uindicare. 


Vengeable, adj. full of vengeance, S& 

Vengeannce, sb. vengeance, PP ; ven- 
ganoe, WA; veniaunce, PP, W, Wa; 
vengeans, B ; veniauncis, //., W.— OF. 
venjance (BH). 

TJenie, sb. supplication for pardon on 
one's knees, S. — Church Lat. venia (Du- 

VenMsen, v. to vanquish, PP; vencuss, 
B ; venkquyst, //. x., S2 ; venquysshed, 
pp., S2, C3 ; venkised, PP ; vencust, B.— 
AF. venquiss-, base of pr. p, of venquir, 
an inchoative form of OF. veincre ; Lat. 

Uenne, sb. dat. mud, S ; see Pen. 

VentOSe, sb. cupping-glass. — OF. ven- 
tose {ventouse), cupping-glass (Cotg.) ; Late 
Lat. uentosa. 

Ventouse, v. to cup, HD.— OF. ven- 
touser (BH). 

Ventnsynge, sb. cupping, C. 
Venust, adj. beautiful, S3.— Lat. uenus- 

Venym, sb. poison, PP, C ; venim, C2, 
C3, PP, Manip.— OF. venin (Ps. 139. 3). 
Lat. uenenum ; see BH, § 44. 

Venym-makere, sb. poisoner, W2, H. 

Venymous, adj. venomous, CM.— AF. 
venymouse^ OF. venemouse. 

Venymous-heede, sb. venom, PP. 

Ueole, adj. many, S ; see Uele. 

TJeond, sb. enemy, S ; see Feend. 

TTeor, adv. far, S ; see Per. 

Ver, sb. spring, JD, H (Ps. 73. 18). 
Comb. : veer-tyme, spring-time, Wa. — 
Lat. uer. 

Ver, sb. glass, W2 ; verre, HD.— OF. 
verre (voirre) ; Lat. uitrum. 

Uerd, sb. army, MD ; nerden, //. da/., 
S ; see Perd. 

Uerden, fared, S ; see Paren. 

Verdegrese, sb. verdigris, PP ; verde- 
greoe, viride grecum, Voc. ; verdegrees, 
C3.— OF. vert de gris, verdigrease (Cotg.) ; 
OF. Gris, Greeks (Ducange), pi. of gri\ 
Late Lat. grecum ; Lat. graecum ; see Con- 
stans, Notes, p. 25, and BH, § 32. 

Verdite, sb. verdict, C ; verdyte, Palsg. 
— AF. veirdit ; Lat. uere dictum. 

TTere, sb. companion, S ; see Pere. 

Vergere, sb. an orchard, CM.— OF. 
vergier (BH); Late Lat. viridiarium: see 
BH, § 134. 


Verlet, sb. a young servant, S3; see 

Vermel, adj. vermilion-coloured, S3; 
▼ermayle, CM. — OF. vermeil ; Lat. uer- 
miculus, scarlet (Vulg.). 

Vermiloun, sb. vermilion; vermylonn, 
Voc.: vermyllon, WA; vermeon, WA. 
— AF. vermiloun. 

Vernage, sb. an Italian white wine, 
Prompt., CM, HD. — AF. vernage ; It. 
vemaccia, ' a kind of winter wine in Italy 
very strong like Malmezy,' so Florio, cp. 
Dante, Purg. 24, 24 ; from It vernaccio, a 
severe winter, from verno, winter ; Lat hi- 
bernum, belonging to winter. Cp. Low 
Lat. vernachia (Ducange). 

Vemicle, sb. a copy of the handkerchief 
of St. Veronica, S2, PP, C ; vernakylle, 
Cath. ; veraacle, HD. — Church Lat. ver- 
onicula, also veronica from Veronica, the 
traditional name of the woman who wiped 
the Saviour's face (the word being popularly 
connected with uera icon, true likeness) ; 
Veronica is a form of Bernice, the tradi- 
tional name of the woman who was cured 
of an issue of blood. Bernice or Berenice 
is a Macedonian form of Gr. ^tptviicrj, 
bearer of victory. See F. veronique in 

Vemisch, sb. varnish, S2, PP ; vern- 
ysche, Prompt. ; vernysh, bernix, Voc. ; 
viridium, virificum, Voc; vernish, en- 
caustum, Manip. — OF. vernis, varnish, 
Cotg. ; from OF. vernir ; Late Lat *vitri- 
nire, from uitrinus, from uitrum, glass 
(Diez, p. 339). 

Vernish, v. encaustare, Manip. — OF. 
vernisser, to vamish, to sleek, or glaze over 
with varnish (Cotg.). 

Verony, sb. a vernacle, HD. — OF. 
veronie; Low Lat. veronica (Ducange). 
See Vernicle. 

Verraily, adv. verily, C2, C; verra- 
lyest, superl., H. 

Verray, adj. true, S, S2, C2, C3, B; 
verrey, G, HD ; very, W. Phr.i verray 
force, main force, C2. — AF. verrai, verai; 
Late Lat. *veracum (whence F. vrai), from 
Lat. uerus. 

Verrayment, adv. verily, C2 ; vera- 
ment, S3, HD. 

Vers, sb. verse, PP.— AF. vers; Lat. 

Versifie, v. to compose verses, PP. 

Versifyour, sb. versifier ; veroefyour, 



Vertn,J^. power, healing power, miracle, 
virtue, kindness, S2, PP, W, C2 ; verities, 
pi., S2. Phr. : the Lord of, the 
Lord of hosts, W2, H.— OF. vertu, virtud; 
Lat. uirtutem. 

Verveine, sb. vervain, SkD ; verueyne r 

52 ; verveyn, Voc.— OF. verveine; Lat 
turbena ; see BH, § 44. 

Very, adj. true, W ; see Verray. 

Vese, v. to drive away, HD ; see Fesien. 

Vese, sb. a rush of wind, C. — Cp. Icel. 
fysi, impulse. See above. 

Vestiment, sb. vestment, C2 ; nestl- 
mens, //., S, C— OF. vestiment (Bartsch) ; 
Lat. uestimentum. 

Vewe, adj. few, S2 ; see Fewe. 

Veyne, sb. vein, C ; velne, SkD ; value, 

53 ; vayn, S3 ; vanys, pl. t S2 ; waynye, 
S3. — AF. veine ; Lat. uena ; see BH, § 44. 

Viage, sb. voyage, journey, S2, S3, C, 
C3, CM, B; vyage, S2.— OF. viage, (BH) ; 
Lat. uiaticum, provisions for a journey, 
from uia. 

Vicarie, sb. vicar, PP; vicary, C2 ; 
vicorie, PP ; vikery, PP ; vickery , PP ; 
veoory, Voc. — AF. vicaire (F. viauier); 
Lat. uicarium, a substitute. 

Vilanye, sb. villainy, C2, C3, PP ; vil- 
lanie, violentia, Manip.; vilonye, disgrace, 
G. — AF. vilanUy OF. vilenie (vilonie), 
from vilain, peasant, farm-servant, also bad, 
villainous (BH); Late Lat. villanus, farm- 
servant, from Lat. uilla, farm-stead, coun- 

Vile, adj. vile; vyle, PP; vil, PP.- 
AF. vil ; Lat. uilem. 

Villiche, adv. vilely, S2. 

Vilte, sb. vileness, H (Ps. 49. 22); vylte, 
HD; vilete, HD— OF. vilti; Lat. uilu 

Viole, v. to violate ; violid, pp., S3. — 
OF. violer ; Lat. uiolare. 

Viole, sb. vial ; violls, //., W (Rev. 5. 
8); violes, C3.— OF. viole; KF.fyole; 
Lat phiala ; Gr. <pia\rj. 

Virelay, sb. a sort of rondeau, ND ; 
virelayes, pi., S3, CM ; vlrolals, HD.— 
OF. virelay (Cotg.) ; OF. virer + lai; OF. 
virer; Late Lat. virare; Lat uibrare 
(Diez, p. 736). Cf. Vyre. 

Visage, sb. face, PP, C2 ; vysege, S3. 
— AF. visage ; Late Lat. *visaticum, from 
Lat uisum, ace. of uisus, sight. 

Vitaille, sb. food, S2, C2, C3 ; vitaile, 
PP, WW; vltayle, S3; victual, WW; 



vitalis,//., B.— AF. vitaille; Jja.t.uictuSlia, 
provisions ; see BH r § 6. 

Vitailled,//. provisioned, C3 ; vitailid, 

Vitailler, sb. victualler, PP; vitteL- 
lsris,//., foragers, B. 

Vitremyte, sb. woman's cap, C2.— 
Lat. uitream mitram, glass head-dress (?). 
Cp. Sp. mitra, a sort of cap made of paste- 
board, which was put on the heads of 
witches when led to punishment (Stevens). 
For the loss of r in -myte cp. F. marte for 
martre, a marten, also OF. feneste for 
fenestre, and terreste for terrestre\ see 
Apfelstedt (p. xxxviii). 

Voide, adj. void, empty, W2. — AF. 
voide (F. vide), OF. vuide, fern, of vuit ; 
Late Lat. *vocitum, from stem voc- ; [cp. 
Lat. uacare ; see BH, § 63, and Constans 
(s.v. vuit). — A. L. M.] 

Voiden, v. to empty; voyden, to get 
|id of, C2 ; to expel, C ; voidis,/r. s., S3 ; 
voyde, imp. pi., make room, S3 ; depart 
from, C2 ; voydeth, send away, C3 ; 
voyded, pt. s., S2 ; voidid,//., made void, 
W. — AF. voider, to leave, OF. vuidier 
(Bartsch). See above. 

Vokyte, sb. an advocate, Voc; vo- 
cates, pi., PP. — Lat. aduoeatus. 

Volage, adj. light of conduct, giddy, 
CM.— OF. volage, light (BH) ; Lat. uola- 

VolageonSS, adj. light of conduct, B. 
See above. 

Volatilis, birds (a misrendering of 
Lat. altilia), W ; so in the AS. version I 
altilia is rendered by 'fugelas'; birds (= | 


Lat. uolatilid), W2 ; volatils, HD.— Lat 
uolatilia r poultry (hence F. volatile), pL of 
uolatilis (Voc.) ; from uolare, to fly. 

Voluntd, sb. will, CM.— OF. volonta, 
voluntet; Lat. uoluntatem. 

Volnper, sb. a woman's cap, CM; TOly- 
per, Cath.— Cp. OF. envoluper, to wrap 
round (BH). 

Vouches, pr. s. avouches, S3 ; see 

Vow, sb. vow, PP; vowes, //., PP; 
vouwes, S2. — OF. vou (Ps. 21); Lat. 
ttotutn. Cf. Auowe (p. 18). 

Vowchen, v. to vouch, cite, call, HD ; 
vouchen, to avouch, S3. Phr. : voaohen. 
saf, to guarantee, vouchsafe, PP, HD ; 
vouche sauf, C2. — AF. voucher, wetter; 
Lat. uocare ; see B. H, § 96. 

Vowtres, sb. pi. vultures, WA— OF. 
voutre ; Lat. uultur. 

Vowtriere, sb. adultress, WA. See 

VoyB, sb. voice,. S2, S3, C2, C3 ; woice, 
S2 ; voce, B; vols, PP.— OF. vols; Lat. 
uocem ; see B. H, § 74. 

Vyne, sb. vine, PP. 

Vyner, sb. vineyard, W2 \ vynere, H ; 
vyneris, //., W2 ; vyners, H. — OF. 
vinier (BH) ; Late Lat. vinarium, vine- 
yard, from Lat. uinum, wine. 

Vyner, sb. vine-dresser, Manip. — OF. 
vinier (Ducange); Late Lat. vinarium 

VynOTlP, sb. vine-dresser, Bardsley. — 
OF. vineur ; Lat. uinitorem. 

Vyre, sb. a crossbow-bolt, B. — OF. 
vire (Ducange). Cf. Virelay. 


Wa, sb. woe, WA, B ; waa, WA r HD ; 
see Wo. 

Wa, pron. who, S ; see Who. 

Waast, sb. waist, C2 ; see Waste. 

Wacche, sb. vigil, watch, PP, HD; 
wecche, S ; wach, one who keeps a look- 
out; wecche, pi., S; wecchess, S; 
wacchisy WA ; wachls, sentinels, S3.— 
AS. wcecce. 

Wacchen, v. to watch, SkD ; vachit, 

pp., S2. — AS. wacian. 

Wachet, sb. a sort of blue cloth, CM. 
See Philolog. Soc. Trans. 1885, P- 329. 

Waden, v. to wade, PP; vayd, S2. 
Der.: vading, wading, S2. — AS. wadan, 
pt s. w6d, pp. gewaden. 

Was, imp. s. be, S. Comb. : was luril, 
be hale, S; was hail, S; wassail, S; 
wassayl, S.— ONorth. was, AS. wes, imp. 
s. of wesan, to be. 

Was, pt. s. was, S ; see Was. 

Waff, v. to waft, lift up, raise, bear, SkD, 
JD ; watte, pt. s., S2.— Icel. vdfa, to wave, 

Wafre, sb. a thin small cake, wafer, CM, 
PP ; wafur, Prompt., Voc— AF. wafre (F. 


gaufre) ; O. Dutch wafel (see Kilian) ; cp. 
OHG. waba, honey-comb (Tatian) ; see 
Weigand (s. v. waffel). 

Wafrere, sb. a maker of wafer-cakes, 
confectioner, PP; wafereres,//., C3. 

Wafrestre, sb. a female maker or seller 
of wafer-cakes, PP. 

Wage, sb. a gage, pledge, pay for 
service, WA, Prompt. ; wages, //., PP. — 
AF. wage, gage; Low Lat. wadium, a 
pledge ; Goth, wadi ; cp. Lat. uas {uadi-). 
Cf. Wed. 

Wagen, v. to engage, to go bail, P, 
Prompt. — OF. gagier ; Low. Lat. wadiare, 
from wadium. See above. 

Waggon,^, to shake to and fro, Prompt., 
CM, PP ; waffgid, pp., W. 

Waghe, sb. wall, H; wall, S; see 
Wo we.- 

Waille, v. to wail, C2 ; see Weilen. 

Wait, pr. s. knows, S3 ; see Witen (1). 

Waith, sb. danger, peril, B, JD ; wathe, 
WA ; vath, B.— Icel. vdtii. 

Waith, v. to hunt, fish. — Icel. veiSa, to 
catch, hunt ; cp. AS. w<ktktn, to hunt, to 
wander (Grein). Related to F. gagner 
(see Brachet). See Gaignaffe. 

Waith, sb. game, sport, a * take/ S3, JD. 
— Icel. veiSr; cp. OHG. weida (Otfrid), 
see Weigand (s.v. wHde). 

WaitMng, sb. what is taken in hunting 
or fishing, JD, S3. 

Wak, adj. wet, moist, S3,SkD (s.v. wake). 
Der.i waknes, moistness, JD. — Cp. Du. 
wak, Icel. vokr; cp. Icel. vbk (vaka-), a 
hole in ice. 

Wake, sb. a watch, vtgilia, Cath. Comb. : 
wakepleyes, ceremonies attending the vigils 
for the dead, C. 

Waken, v. to be awake, to wake, cease 
from sleep, S, PP, S2 ; woe, pt. s., S ; 
wok, S ; wook, S2, C3. — AS. wacan, pt. 
w6c, pp. wacen. 

Wakien, v. to watch, to awake, S, PP ; 
waky, S2 ; wakede,//. s., S, PP; waked, 
pp., S. — AS. wacian, pt. wacede. 

Waking,^, a watch, S2, C2 ; wakynge, 

Waknen, v. to be aroused from sleep, 
SkD, PP.— AS. wacnan. 

Wal, sb. wall, murus, paries, Prompt., 
S, S2, C2 ; wall (~Lat. maceria), H, WA ; 
wallee, //., S; wallen, S.— AS. weall, 
wall, rampart ; Lat. uallum. 

Wald, sb. wold, wood,WA— AS.'weald; 
cp. OHG. wald. 



Wald-e^ed, adj. wall-eyed, WA.— Icel. 

Wale, v , to choose, WA.— Cp. Goth. 

Walette, sb. bag, wallet, Prompt.; 
walet, C. — Perhaps a corruption of Watel ; 
see SkD. 

Walk (Valk\ v. to watch, S2, S3, B— 
So written for wakk (vakk). See Wakien. 

Walke, sb. a walk, WA. 

Walken, v. to roll, walk, S ; welk, pt. 
s., SkD ; welke, HD ; walke,//., S. 

Wallare, sb. stone-mason, murafor, 
Prompt. See Wal. 

Walle, sb. a spring of water, HD. 
Comb. : walle-heued, a springhead, S3. 

Wallen, v. to boil, to well, to turn 
about, S, §2, PP; weallen, S. Comb.: 
wal-hat, boiling hot, S. Der.\ wally, 
surging, S3. — AS. weallan, pt. w6ol, pp. 

Walme, sb. a bubble in boiling, HD. 

Walshe, adj. and sb. foreign, a foreigner, 
Welshman, P. Comb. : walshe note, wal- 
nut, CM. — AS. wcelisc, foreign, Welsh 
(SkD) ; from wealh, a foreigner, a Welsh- 

Walt, pt. s. possessed, S2 ; see Welden. 

Walten, v. to toll, to roll over, overturn, 
to fall, to well out, S2 ; welt, pt. s., SkD 
(s. v. welter) ; welte, HD ; wait, S2.— AS. 

Walter, sb. water, S3 ; see Water. 

Walteren, v. to roll about, welter, S2, 
S3, PP; weltyn, Prompt. Der. : walt- 
rynge, a weltering, Prompt. ; weltering, 
a turning over, S3. 

Walwen, v. to roll, CM, PP ; welwyn, 
Prompt. ; walowand, pr. p., WA ; wale- 
wide, pt. s., W. — AS. wealwian : Goth. 
walwjan (in compounds). 

Walwyug, sb. a rolling, W. 

Wambe, sb. belly, womb, WA ; wame, 

Wan, adj. wan, pale, C3, W ; wanne, 
Prompt. ; won, S2. Comb. : wannesse, 
lividness ( = Lat. liuor), W2. — AS. wann 

Wun.-,Prejix, expressing lack, deficiency. 
Comb. : wan-belene, perjidia, Prompt. ; 
wan-hope, despair, S2, C, P, H, Voc. ; 
wan-towen, untrained, wanton ; wantown, 
C ; wantonn, C2 ; wanton, WA ; wan- 
towe, Prompt. ; wanton-nes, want of 
discretion, S3; wantownesse, C; wan- 



truce, fail, failure, S ; wan-truklen, to 
fail, SD ; wan-trottynge, abatement, S2 ; 
wan-trust, distrust, CM, — Cp. Du. wan-, 

Wand, sb. a rod (=Lat. uirgd), H (Ps. 
109. 3), WA ; wande, H (Ps. 44. 8).— Cp. 
OSwed. wand. 

Wand, sb. hesitation, S2. See Wonden. 

Wandren, v. to wander, to walk, S3, 
PP, W; wondren, S2, PP.— AS. wandrian. 

Wand-re$e, sb. misery, S, HD ; wand- 
reth, peril, S2, W A ; wontreafte, S ; wond- 
rede, S; wanrede, S.— Icel. vand-radi, 
difficulty, from vandr, difficult. 

Wane, sb. weening, thought, judgment, 
B ; wan, S2 ; vayn, S2, B ; veyn, doubt, 
B. — AS. win. See Wenen. 

Wane, sb. a quantity, a number, S2, S3 ; 
see Woon. 

Wane, sb. want, deficiency, misery, S, 
S2, WA ; wone, S. — AS. wana. 

WanelasOUT, sb. one who rouses and 
drives game, alator, Voc. See HD (s. v. 

Wanen, v. to wane, to fail, to grow less, 
C, C2, S2 ; wanye, P; wanne, to ebb, S3 ; 
woned,//., S2. — AS. wanian {woman). 

Wanene, adv. whence, S ; see Whanene. 

Wangeliste, sb. evangelist, S2. — 
Church Lat. euangelista (Vulg.). 

Wangtooth, sb. molar tooth, C2 ; see 

Wankel, adj. tottery, unstable; wan- 
kyU, S2. — AS. wancol (SkD, s. v. wench) ; 
cp. OHG. wank, tottering (Otfrid). 

Wanne, adv. conj. when, S, S2 ; see 

Wannes, adv. whence, S3 ; see Whan- 

Want, adj. deficient; wannt, SkD; 
wonte, sb. deficiency, SkD. — Icel. vant, n. 
of vanr, deficient. 

Wanten, v. to be lacking, carere, Cath. ; 
wonte, S, S2 ; wantede,//. s., S ; waynt- 
yt, pi., S3. — Icel. vanta. 

Wapne, sb. weapon, S ; see Wepne. 

Wapnid, pp. armed, S2 ; see Wepnen. 

Wappen, v. to lap, wap (said of water), 
to yelp, S3, Prompt. 

Wappynge, sb. b