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Theie is a spedal Providenoe in the Call of a Sparrow I 





J. Darling, Printer, Lcndenhall-Street, London. 

P R E F A C E 

It is not in mere oomplianoe with a custom that 
I introduce this Uttle work with a Prefiioe, but 
from my oonviction of the necessity of one. 

Front the tiüepage, the reader may possibly be 
unable to ascertiun whether the subject of the nar- 
rative be real or fictitious. I theiefore think it 
ioGumbent on me, not to leave that point to con« 
jecture. It is a faithful narrative of the trials and 
adventures of a man» who, feeling that bis oourse 
had been no common one, and conceiving that a 
published record of it may be as usefltl to others, 
as the experience which it has afiForded him has 
^n useful to himself, cannot withhold it from the 

To enhanoe the utüity of the work, it is inter- 
spersed with oocasional descriptions of places and 
objects, which, when new to me, made on my own 
mind impressions so strong, that it has not been 
very difficult for me to convey them to the mind 

A3 of 


of the reader, in all their original freshness. With 
the same purpose still in view, an attempt bas 
been made to render it a book of reference on se- 
veral subjects connected with India, and of in- 
fbrmation as to the manners, customs, prejudices, 
and opinions of the Hindoos. But the reader 
may expect, not merely a didactic lesson, but in- 
struction and entertainment blended. Indeed, the 
bibgraphical portion of the work, though •* an un- 
vamisbed tale,** is a tale of events which may per- 
haps justify me in calling it, " a romance of real 

In its compilation, I have spared ndtber care in 
the arrangement of my materials, nor anxious en- 
deavours to attain that accuracy of style which 
is indispensable to connected narrative, and to fi- 
delity of description. Whether I have succeeded 
in these respects, or indeed in any, I cheerfuUy 
leäve to the decision of the public. 

It now remains for me to acknowledge my olv 
ligations to that excellent work, " Dubois* People 
of India." It may not, perhaps, be unnecessary to 
observe, that the Abbä Dubois was a French mis- 
sionary, who lived for many years among the Hin- 
doos as one of themselves, conforming in all respects 
to* their habits, customs, and diet; and I believe, 

a more 


amorejust or authentic description of this peq[>l€ 
tban that giyen by bim» is ndwbere to be found. His 
work is almost the only one to which I h&ve ba4 
recourse, dther for quotation or for referenoe ; and 
to that, with the sole view of being enabled to 
mark the or^n of such p^uliarities as Struck me^ 
in the mann^rs, customs, and opinions of the na- 
tires. In that particujiar, it has rendered me valo- 
able Service; for although bis researches were 
confined principally to the Mysore territories» and 
my own ohservations to Calcutta» Hooghly, and 
their vicinity, both researches and ohservations 
are, witb i^pect to the charcLcterütic customs and 
usages of the Hindoos, (particularly of the Brab- 
mans), which vary little x>t nothing throughout 
Asia, as mutually illustrative, as if both the one 
and the other were either equally local, or equally 


With a few exceptions, therefore, the infbrma- 

tion afforded is entirely the result of my own ex- 
perience and Observation. But from experience 
wrong inferences may be drawn, and Observation 
may be either deceived or eluded ; and thus may 
have crept into my work those very errors which 
I have been most anxious to exclude. I hope, 
however, and even flatter myself, that they are 



not numerous; but whether numerous or few, 
venial or unpardonable, I »ball feel tbankful for 

In selecting the name of ** Naüfeagus," I was 
determined by tbe applicability of the ancient 
family motto— •" Nayfiragus in portvmr to my 
own dreumstances, both past and actual ; and with 
respect to the names of the leading characters of 
the work, they are, with a few exeeptions, also 

One Word more: — the remotest Intention of 
giving offence to any one, by the publication of 
these pages, is positively disclaimed ; and the truth 
of this disciaimer will, I trust, be sufiiciently ma- 
nifest from the whole tenour of the work. 



• • • P^^ 

Atlanüe, appearanee of tbe setting sun in the. 42 

Baboa^ « • . . . # 65 

Barrachpore 135 

Batavia 205 

Belel 145 

Bhutas, worship of tlie> or malevolent fiends 172 4* 173 

BoaL Budgerow » 16S 

Masoolah • • . . . • 6l 

I^aunehwiiy • .-. ... . . . ... . r ••..••..•• 57 

Bungalow. . ; ; i » . • . i •.•••••.•••.•> • • 46 

Calcuita, liver— ^ew of ,28 4* ^ 

■ ■' intexior of 32 to 34 

Cast ••...••. f « 1 43 

Ceylon, • • • • • • • • • . • • 46 

■ II ■ I BeHganm r 50 to 52 ' 

Religion of ...«*..• • « 51 

Ckandemagore 138 

Chmsurah ••«..... • 139 

Chokedar ..••••••• • ••.«..• 202 

Cingalese. • • « ••«•#«.•#•.••••..•••....•••••• 51 

' ■' ■ Padfee^ or priest •...••.•••r... ....•••••••«• ibiä 

Cochtn •.....••• • • # •«••••#••«.# 49 

Comsj gold moliur^ value of a • r. . • . . • « • • • 54 

— — • ropeej ditto .«#••«««•.. ibid 

pi^oda {8tar)> ditto ••...,.., <•.....• 60 

fiuiam « 4 »;•«••••••••••• t • • <••....•. 64 




Coir 61 

Coromandel coast^ view of^ from tlie sea 60 

" Country-Shif 47 

Cowry ^ » 173 

Crore, numeral definition of a . . • 55 

Dammer 1 16 

Deity, tbe Bralunans opinion of the 146 

Dkurtvan • 153 

JDoorga-'Poorga 54 

Dubask c 63 

ElepharU r 187 

j, appearance of a herd of 179 4* ^^^ 

travelling on the 180 to 182 

Faia^Morgana, or atmospheric refraction 89 

Forest, interior of an Indian 171 4* ^f^ 

France, Isle of 77 

—————— ^ Englidi iuvasion of the 100 to 108 

Garden Reaph , 28 

Girls, Dancing. See Nautch, apd l62 <$• 163 

Guru, or Hindoo priest 173 

Hindoos,. character and opinions of the 197 to 200 

idolatry of the 139 4« 140— 147-p-172 ^ 17§ 

— — supersti^ons of the ...,,,, , 34 4» 35—57 to 59 

Hindoastan, internal appearance of • I69 4* ^0 

Hooghly, aspect of the 28—137 ^ 138 

Hookßh *..............,.».,. 54 

Hosp^lityy Indian. • l63 

Housesj UiAdoo 182 

Hunt, tige^ , , , , , ,,.... 184 to 187 

-— wild.bov ^88 

Indiaman, midshipman of an. 6 

Indigo factozy 170 4* 171 

Lac, numeral definition of a .,,,,,,,,,,,,«,,, , 139 



Lingin^Pulo, • • ••»•.• • • 19 

Loire, H. M. fiigftte^ appearanoe of^ in the Atlantic ••«••. 41 

Madras ••.••• 62 

the surf at •...••. 6I 

Magic, as practised at the prssent day by the Vanprastha 

Btahmans. 174 to 177 

Malahar CoaH, 8tate of European sociely on the r. 48 

Malays 109 4* 114 

- , heroism of a^ illustrated in a tale founded on üßi, 

110 to 114 

Marriage, Hindoo^ c^remony of 144 to 146 

Metempigchosi » oc e TransnngrtUion qfsouls 151 

Metrannee 31 

MirUo-Ptdo 21 

Mmkeys * 13g 

Music, Hindoo 167 4* I69 

Nautch 165 to 167 

Nutmeg 212 

Pagoda 60 

Pariah 184 

Paul and Virginia, outline of the histoiy of 78 to $9 

Pearl fishezy • . • . . 46 

Penang'Pulo 12 

Püot^Jish 108 

Pondicherrtf , 69 

Punkah , SS 

Sacrifices, human> as practised by the Hindoos 175 

SeraTnpore 135 

Serpents 50—177 to 179 

Slavery, .tendency of 215 

Storni 40 4- 41—119 to 129 

StraiU, of Sunda 204 




Sumatra^ West Coast of (he Island of.-i--Bencoolea ....... 212 

Fadang 210 

Munsular 108 

Tappanooly •••.• 109 




Suttecy ot immolation of Hindoo widows« as practised at tbe 

present daj • 200 io 204 

Ta^e^^Tlie Tale of die (ätill 151 to 154 

The Tale of theSailox of AU-wprk 154 to 15$ 

The Tale of the Four Deaf Indianß. . . i • , . . l60 to l62 

Tum^'Uims 35 

Waierfall, See Sumatra — Munsular 

Yadhooy a fexnale slave 25 & HG^^O & 3ö 


Page dl, JUnß 3 ^m the top, for encroach, read encroached. 
160, line 4 firom the top, for guest, read quest. 
172, line 10 from bottom,^ rended, read rent. 
178, line 18 from top, for creeped, read crept. 
201, line 3 from bottom,^^ Here, read Her. 




Ar ihe petiod of my Inirtli, wliidi took place in London^ oll 
die 6Ui ef March 1796^ mj paients bad just fallen ftom a atatd 
of splendid affluenoe> and weve Keking liappiness in ihe spherd 
of humUe life. To this condition they were reduoed hf one of 
those Yisitations of adveras Ibttune wbSch are bj no tneans un« 
oommon in die world^ and wliich produoe changes somarked^ and 
transfersofpiopertyj» aadden, diat they cannot escape die ob« 
sertation of die most unobservant. Tbus tbe poor beoome rieb, 
and die rieb are doomed at least to taste tbe cup of poverty ; and 
bope and fear are in perpetual Operation^ 
' Mylaterinfancy was oonsignedto tbe protection ofmymaternal 
grandmodier, wbo tben lived in die enjoyment of great wealdl 
and splendour in Finsbiuy-sq^aret but ficom ber fosteriüg cate 1 
Was taken at Üke early age of eigbt yeaft, by a gendetnan of die 
name of Bamm, wbo became my uncle, by niaifiying my fadiex^s 
8ister> witb wbom be received a fortune of fiv« dlousand pounds. 
Mr. Barron was gifted by Providence widi immetiae wealdi^ 
and inftience, its inseparable attendant. Besides possesnng in« 
numeiable sourtfes of inoome, be was maiiagtng ownet of an In«* 
diaman. At bis bouse I first saw my anuable and mucb esteem« 
ad friends« Mr* md Jdrs. ^eunborougb, of wtiom I diall bat»oe- 
easioQ to^eak in tbe eoniie of die wod^: d|ey weti pleaied to 

M shtw 


shew oie the attention and tenderness of parents ; and to this änj 
my lieart bears a sensible and grateful recollection of their friend- 
ship. Their country seat was situated in Lincolnshire^ and 
it was agreed that I should proceed thither in their travelling- 
carriage^ and remain with them a fortnight or three weeks^ prior 
to my d^p^ture for Doncaster^ where my uncle Barron int^nded 
to place me at boarding-school. The few weeks which I spent 
with my.kind friends in Lincolnshire had been hitherto the bap- 
piest period of my life ; but I was« soon doomed to exchange the 
comforts of a home for the discipline of a public school^ contain- 
ing upwards of eighty boys, many nearly grown up, and all older 
than myself. 

Many think their schoolboy days the happiest of their lives; 
and to those who have the rdaxation of vacations«»the relief of 
an occasional visit of, or letter from^ a relation or friend — ^the 
benefit of little presents and attentions either from those friends^ 
or by their direction, through the hands of their master — they 
may ba the hs^piest : but ta me^ who was sent one hundced and 
sixty-t}iree n^iles away from all the tender ties I had in the 
lyorld^ and who found myself at the vacations (with the excepCion 
of two spent with Mr. and Mrs, Neunborough) left at school, 
without eyer hearing from^ or seeing.^^relative.or £den4 for four 
years> schoolboy days were any thing but that enviable State of 
happi|iM^9 which I have heard so much «u}Qgized. 

But^ privatipns did not constitute the whole of my unhappiness : 
with them positive suiFerings concurred^ especially some infUcted 
with the whip. On the cold winter momings we were at our 
desks by seven ; and the many times I have crawled up, shivering, 
to receive on my already-benumbed finger-ends smart stripes 
from the cane, are yet fresh in my memory. As for the fire, 
neiver^ even on the coldest days, did I derive any benefit from it, 
in consequence of the tyranny of the eider boys: and on the 
wholpj I cannot Vfing my school days to mind, without feel- 
ing that I wpuld willingly forego all the advantages of thebright- 
est education^ and the benefit resulting from a suceessful applica- 
tion of it^— consenting to remain in unlettered ignorance, rather 
than again undergo the misenes of my school-days. 

The hardships of my boyhood may possibly have impressed me 
with a xather filoomy^ unspcial^ or more properly speaking, un~ 


A^p^ tum ef iftitid : it is at least certain that I liad no chosen 
fiiend in the schoöl^— iio playmate ; for I loved not play as othei 
boys loved it ; my delight was to be alone. For hours^ even iflf 
winter^ would I wander^ solitary, in tbe deep recesses of a Wood, 
delighted with the awfnl stiüneBS — ^tlie deep echo— or tbe howl- 
ing of the wintiy wind. I loved to hear tbe rustling of birds— 
tö watcb tbe playful squirrel — ^to catcb a basty glimpse of passing 
foxes, notliing fearful of me ; and tben to gatber benies, until 
wearied nature sent me back to scbool. 

In tbe Summer still would I be alone, seeldng shades remote 
firom babitations^— redining on a mossy baak, and bebold witb 
entbusiastie wondier and deEgbt, tbe g^ttering, golden scenes 
around me. Witb wbat rapture would I listen to tbe lark ! and 
Wben I vieWed tbe arcbed sky, of clearetberealbhie, as if I would 
Ibok U through, bow disturbing was tbe reflection^ tbat I could 
not remain' fbr ever wbere I was, at rest and bappyl 

My tasks I soon mastered, and Inade rapid progress in aiitb- 
metic, latin, and navigation ; but all were in a great measure 
tbrown away upon me : to study extemal nature, in ber grandest 
forms, was my deligbt ; and amidst tbe sweets of sofitude, aH 
labour was forgotten : my mind was entirely wrapt in admiration' 
and wonder at tbe grandeur of a wood, or in deligbt witb tbe 
beauty of a landscape, or tbe cbarms of a solitary walk, over a 
wide, dreary, deserted moor. 

I bave already stated, tbat in fbur years I spent two yacations 
at Mr. Neunborougb's : it was during tbe last, wben we were 
one day seated at dinner, tbat a letter was bandet to bim by tbe 
footman : be opened it, and bad not read long, before be eyed 
me significantly, and said — *' Naufragas, look sharp, my boy ! 
you are to go to sea directly." I bowed compliance, very glad to 
be relieved from tbe'tbraldom, or ratber, misery of scbool. I was 
to go, I understood, as midsbipman in tbe East Indiaman oF 
wbicb my unde was owner, and bis brotber, Commander. The 
captain, with bis young bride, was hourly expected, to take a 
fareW^ofMr. and Mrs. Keunborough, before he proceeded to 
sea. In the mean time tbese iriends were momentarily doing me 
Hnd Offices, eitber in giving me good advice, or loading me witb 

Tbe captain arrived in the evening, with an Intention of stay- 

B 2 ing 

ing but one äay, and startingc^ tbe following moming^ at^ as he 
ftyled it, the *' cronmg qf iKf cocL'* He weloomed me with 
such an air of af^parent g en eroa it y gnd goodnature^ that I nurtant-* 
ly foimed a fiivourable t)pinkiiL of him. 

The hour now came' whidi was to separate me fiom my tmo 
Und Jpatrons, the only beings in edst^nce whom my ksaptt had 
erer been taught to lo^e^ I was called up at fooir in i^taaa^ 
ing ; the carriage and four was at the door. Mrs. NeoidMx^h« 
kissing me with the sincerity of a moäier^ filled my pod^ets widT 
silver^ and conducting me to the good man's bedside, left me«*— 
" Come hither^ Naufragos/' he said^ sitting up, aad leaning on 
his piUow : '*' now^ my dear boy^ you are going into a wide «nd 
dangerous world : here> take this," handing me a pniyer-book ; 
" forget not the author of yonr ezistenoe^ and in the hour of 
trouble he will not forsake you : above all things^ neror n^ect 
yonr psayen, and ndnd your daty : and heie— here is some pock- 
et-money for you. Go, now/' he added» kissing my cheek> ^ «nd 
Qoä preserve you for eyer !" With my eyes fult, though awt 
füller thaa my heart, I hurried into the chariot, and with ihe 
captoin and his bride^ was driven off rapidly for London. We 
reached the captain's hpuse in the evening: I slept there^ and in 
the moming was oonducted by him to my unele Bamon. He 
looked at me silently for some time, and without saying a word, 
wei^ away» and directed a man to see me inside the 8tage> which 
was to take me to the house of my fathor, who then tenanted one 
of Mr. Banron's farms. 

In a few hours I was put down at the road-side^ near a lane 
at the end of which^ I was told^ was my father's farm. The 
snow was on ihe ground^ and I was proooeding anxiously onward, 
when I met a fine boy tnindling a hoop, of whom I inquired 
how far off my father^s house was. The lad stopped^ and taking 
mj band tenderly in bis, said^ he was my brother John ! 

We were soon in the presence of our parents, whose tendemess 
and love^ though I was^ in a m^ner^ stränge and unknown to 
t^iem^ save by the ties of nature^ were to my heart a consolatory 
balm^ of which I had for years feit the want^ and indeed I 
had never yet known. This comfort^ however; was but of short 
duration^ for^ in the course of a fortnight^ I was in a furious 
s^orm in the Bay of Biseay. 


My unde Bonon fitted nie out ; or rather, sent a lut of 
necessanes to a slop-diop in Leadexihall-street^ without a xnea« 
surement of my person^ wbich were ordered for my use; the 
ooiueqiienoe wasj my shoe^ wexe useless ; the ca|» in my che^ 
weie made for aoldien instead of sailon; my «nifoxm ooat was 
solarge^ that tbe tail of it actually trailed along tbe deck; my 
check Shirts^ and sfaeets^ which cost a great daal> were to me worth 
nothing ; and in sfaort^ alüurogfa I had a largo ehest füll of dothes« 
they were any thing bat neeetsary ones. 

The vqyage to Bombay and back was performed in sizteen 
months ; and duiing the whole of tbat period> fortunately not a 
long one> the ship was a scene of contsBiial tumult^ Insubordina- 
tion, and wrangling. The captain bore the character of a 
*^ smart sailor/' (as the technical term isy) bat bis measures wei;ie 
so excessively strict and azbitrary, that he was an objed of dread 
to all on board: sailors, who had been fiogged« deserted; whüe 
many gave diemsetbes to the nayy as deserters^ and were taken 
away by the men-^yf-war^s boats : passengers were put ander 
arrest, from tbe captain's own table ; they broaght actions against 
Mm at Bombay, and reoovezed heavy damages ; this threw the 
captain into a severe fit of ülness, wbich well-nigh cost him bis 
life, and from the effects of wbich he did not reoover until the 
ship's retnm to England. 

' At.seiak I- fooked in vain for an enoouraging smile frmn my 
uncle> the captain : he paoed the äeck with a haugh^ step, and 
douded brow, without notidng any one :-<• 

'^ Seidom he smiled, or gmüed in such & sort, 
As if he mock*d himqelf, and seomM bis spirity 
That oould bs movad to smile at any tiung/* 

The first time I was honoured with bis notice, was on my way 
up ,the rigging to fori the mizen top-gallant sail : the ratlins, ol: 
as landsmen call them, *' the ladders," were so far apart, (ei^teen 
or twenty inches), that my little legs found it at first a hard 
jnatter to Stretch so far,; and I was plodding my dubibus way up, 
.to the l^st qf my abilil^, wben a v^ice like an '^ east win4» 
blowifig through a cranny," squeaked out-r-^' Tumble «p, you 
young scamp !— -Run ! [stamping^ run, I say ! [stam^ing with 

B 3 vehemence] 

vehemeoce]] run up> sir ! Cagain stamping.^ There— -that Mrill 

There were on board six xnidshipmen^ all cooped up in one 
cabin^ encumbered with their chests^ (one of which^ placed in 
the xniddle^ served for a table)^ a large bread bag^ dahgling on tbe 
sbip's dde^ balf a dozen other bags^ füll of linen^ a tin can or 
two^ a tea kettle^ bats^ caps^ watcb coats^ and a long eigbteen 
pounder. The salt beef^ pork^ and biscuit^ wbicb were almost 
our only food^ were so unpalatable> tbat I could hardly get down 
a moutbful; we had indeed a pudding twice or three times a 
week^ but tbat was none of the best> being made by ourselves, 
in tum> and frequently boiled^ for want of any thing better^ 
in a bran new night-cap> or cotton stoddng. 

Of all lives in the world^ that of a midshipman of an East 
Indiaman is the most distressing and contemptible : neither 
received by the officers^ or obeyed by the seamen^ he loses all the 
Privileges of the latter^ without haying any of the comforts of the 
former. By the officers he is kept at a distance^ and by the 
seamen held in derision : he is a mere Walking candlestick ; the 
prindpal part of bis duty being to hold the candle to the officers 
in the ship's hold. The sailors are always watching for an op« 
portunity to pilfer the poor middie's apparel ; and frequently^ the 
ehest fuU^ on leaving England a few weeks before^ of valuable 
clothes^ linen^ shoes^ and other necessazy artides^ is as empty as 
the poor fellow's bread-bag. 

The duty I found the most arduous to perform^ was that of 
keeping watch ; which was regulated in the foUowing manner : 
one night^ I had . to watch from eight to twelve^ and from four 
A.M. to eight, leaving only four hours for sleep; the next 
night, from twelve to four, having eight hours sleep, (from eight 
to twelve, and from four A. M. to eight.) This was called keep- 
ing '^ watch and watch" and lasted during the voyage. Nor 
could I call even these few hours my own ; for of^n, when my 
watch was out, after having just thrown my weary limbs in my 
hammock, has the boatswain's pipe of — '^ AU hands to reef top» 
sails a^hoy I" summoned me, at a minute's waming, to the mizen- 
topsail yard-arm, there to pull away to the sailor's cry of 
hurrah ! amid the roaring of the tempest, and th« lashing of the 
briny surge. If, in the day time, I had had allowed me a few 


'liocErs'for Tepdse^ I should have faad less c&üfle of complkint ; hnt, 
'thröughoQt t^e day^ I was eitber aloft^ or In tAe ibip'^ Hold^ tvitli 
a candlö^ assi^ing in stowing or nnfltoWing the cargo^ and in 
Clearing awa)^ prövisions. 

Nothing very iremarkable happened düring tbe voyage^ if I 
«xcept the fate of a sailor bqy> named Kennedy^ who feil över- 
board^ in the aet of reeving the ensign halyards ät the extremity 
of the driver peak ; in his Ml, hi's throat caught the driver boom- 
irön^ that prqjected oirer thestern^ aild reoeived a deep xnciaon^ 
Iso that when he readied the water he floated : this circumstance 
^for he was no swimmer) gave qs time to heave to^ and piek bim 
up ; but to little puipose, for the poor boy was in a State of in- 

sensibility ; and> affcer lingering in great agony^ expired in the 
%hird night : his moans were appalling ; and it tiras truly a häpp^ 
■iMng foT him to be released from his sufierings, and for tbe cre^ 
4Bt hfiiaAe^ßeä -frcnh witnesaing safferings which they had ho means 
of alleviating. ' i- • » 

FVom the fir8t> I was not at all impiiessed in favoor of -a seü^ 
life ; but being wiUing to hope I should like it better as I ad- 
vanced in rtfak^ and hfiving Set out with so emulous and ardent 
a spirit in the pursnit^ and^ moreover^ feeling averse to confess to 
tny fnends in Eiigiand^ my dislike^ I resolved to make another 

Oh our reaching England^ my unde Barron^ as owher of the 
ship^ came on boärd at Gravesend : he questioned me pafticularly 
if I Uked the sea^ obsernng^ that if I did not^ he would send me 
ont to India as a 'eadet.— ^^ Consider well^ Naufragus/' he con- 
tinued ; '^ I may die^ and without interest you cannot get on in 
the Service: I know a chief mate> who has remained so for 
twenty years." I thanked him^ but expressed a wiijh tö gö ano- 
ther voyage, if he was equally wilüng. '' öh, please yourself," 
i^dd he^ *' only recdUect, that a cadetdiip^ if you live^ iä a*8nre 
lOTtune for you ;" and left me^ with directions to proceed wiÜE 
the ship to dock^ and then to repsor to his house. 

To my infinite sorrow I leamt that my yalued friend^ Mrs. 
NeunbQrough> had been^ for some time, ah inhabiiant of that 
country fix>m " whose boume no traveller retnms ;" and that 
I had no hope of seeing Mr. !ftfeunborough> who had shut himself 
tip in hit oeuntry house> and would not see äny one. 'I looked 

9 4 forward. 




forward^ bowever, natvq»Uy and with txansport^ to the pkasufe of 
^endiBg a fe^ weeks with mj fatber at tbe fiunn ; bat I mi^ 
calculated; {ot, duxing the wbole day^ mj unde kept me stricdy» 
meal-times exoepted^ at bis oounting-bouse^ writing out IXÜs of 
parcds^ &c« At eigbt o'diook every nigbt he took me bome to 
bis bouse« and made me sit witb bim nntü supfper-time or bed« 
time : tbus my week days were ipent^ bat on Saturday evenings^ 
as be ih«n weat to bis oountry seat^ wbere be xemained untü 
tbe Monday moming, be allowed me to go to my fatbei^s» 
with particularly strict injunctions to walk tbitber Cnine mik$ 
and a half) and back ; never^ on any account^ to rtde. Tlnt 
point was with bun an object of such importanoe, tbat I one day 
jncurred bis severe displeasure, because I bad accepted tbe ofifer 
of a gentleman who overtook me on the xoad^ of a seat in bis 
gig. I also antidpated tbe pleasate of having (wbat I nerer 
Jiad in my life> eitber before or anoe I saw BbSi Neunbonm^^) 
a litüe podiet taaoejf my nwges amounting to between forty 
jQid fiftypoonds j bat l was again disappointed; myprudent unde 
podceted it all. 

My second voyage I went as midshipman in a ship of twdve 
bundred tons^boundto St. Helena^ Benooolen^ and China. Myout« 
£t tbis time oost me dear^ for my unde^ supposing I should bring 
bade eyery artide of appaxel wbidi I took out^ and therefore not 
calcolating on tbe necessity of giving me a second outfit^ rated 
me severdy for my negligeace^ and grumbled at tbe ezpenoe of 
every artide wbich be bad to buy : beartily glad therefore I was 
wben tbis very delicate aSair was finisbed^ and myself once more 
in a cafam^ side by side with fpiodier eigbteen pounder. 

The captain of my new ship bad risen to fame and fortune 
£nom the raidc of foremastrman^ and tbat by one of those sin« 
gubpr cbanoesj whidi^ ^' taken at tbe flood« leads on to fortune.'* 
At tbe peiiod alluded to^ he was boatswain of an Indiaman« 
wbiph^ wb^ off tbe Ciqpe of Good Hope^ was in imminent pevH 
of foundering in a storm. . It was found neoessary to cut away 
the fwe^topmast; ba| sudi was tbe l^asaid attepding tbis Service, 
tbat at fiiat no man on board could bp found baipdy enough tQ 
venture aloft« as tbe foremast itself trembled like a reed^ and was 
momentarily ezpected to go by the board. In the midst of tbe 
«anfusionj tbe boatswuin^ iiotbbg daunted, 8^oc^ed in leacbing 



Üia ftne-to}), cut' aw«^ the tapinut, and dMcended m mSetjr. 
Af a lewaid for thü serrice, the ovraen made hlm aa officer of 
the ship ; and in time, he noe to the command of hex. He waa 
a bnve c^cerj and a good man ; the oolj one in authorit^ on 
boord, who maniieated any conaidente and ml feeling for the 
faealth, canvenicnce, and ceanfiM of the pettjr officen and Kamen. 

The aecood cAcer waa instructed by mj unde " not lo tpare 
MW," but to " giee ü tue tetU," and " %iake a taUor ^ me." Mj 
unde, ■■ I afterwardi understood, had anitted him with a htrge 
nqiplj of gooda, on liberal credit ; in letum for which act rf 
IdadneM, the officer oonacienÜDualf acted up to the veiy letter 
of bii (^nileat &iend'B advice ; nay, t beUere, eren exceeded it. 
No looner wsre we out st mb, than he b^an to biodc me about, 
<m all qumteia of the deck, and continued thii barharity, I maj 
•haoBt HLj, ni|^ and daj, until be grew täred of it. He thm 
Ut npan a reflnad method of " gioiiig it me mB," Aat of heep- 
ing me np at the nuatJiead all night, or on the drun-head of 
tite c^Htan. On indi oceanoiu, natiire, warn out, would maie 
me &I1 adecp, when the watchful guardian of the night would 
Order aailon to pooi bacteta af water on me, or, if that woold 
not do, to thzow the hacket at my head afterwardi. At hat the 
G^itain inteifised, and freqnently cmuitermanded my tymnt'a 
otden, by aending me to reab Tiüs man faad a nngular way 
o£ grinning, and ihewing hia teeth, when paciog the deck. 
Whenerer he got a little elevated, he inTnriably gtinned, and, 
under the guiie of puniahment for ncgiigence, practiaed refined 
arti of auelty on all the poor middiea of the ihip. 

I boie all hifl ill treatment widi uncommon fonitude nntil we 
arrived, on our wvj to China, at Pulc^Pesumg. I then deter- 
mined to &ee niyaelf from the uypiegaion under wUdt I groaned, 
and whidi would aoon have hecome insupportaUe. Hy plsa 
wai, to leave the diip befbre her departnie ; nor coold the diead 
of häng left destitute, fdendles«, stnd pouiylen, in a forcdgn 
countiy, the 
my I 

the ero ct a o 
awaid to mj 
fotal to my 


.escape fxonl Mhe ills Wkich imiitediately awaited me. Another 
'veiy awJcnrard predieament in ^Whioh I was plaoed^ acted with me 
as addidonal mduoemeat not to prooeed in the ship. The mid>- 
shipmen found it neoessary to subsoribe eight pounds each^ to- 
wards the mess ; and being süpplied with funds hy the captain 
and puner^ by the authority of their friends^ they easily raised 
the required sum ; but my unde had totally overlooked either the 
necesszty or the probability of any advanoe of cash being needed 
^uxing the voyage ; so that my application was negatived with 
a positive and brief reply — " We have no authority ftam yoar 
unde to make any advance of cash ;" and, had I proceeded, I 
muBt have beea exduded the mess. 

There was on board an Irish youth, a fellow-ipidshipman, 
•named Smith, to whom I had formed a warm attachment. He 
had evidently been brought up in the firat drde^.af sodety, aftd 
was, on the whole, amiabk in dispoaitipn, and .pleasfpg in his 
manners. To bim I revealed my intention ; and we argued the 
proi and cons, f(»r nights and ni'ghts together, in the midnight 
watch, without any material difference of opinion. His first 
Suggestion was to präsent to the captain a ¥nitten complaint, 
ai^ed by all of us, against the second officer : next, he thought 
it the wisest way to '^ knook the monster on the head ;" or, pro- 
perly fijpeaking, to ^' give it htm well,*' in tum : then again, he 
'propoBeä, most eamestly, to aocompany me ; but, as he had con* 
tributed his share towards the mess, and as I should not have 
fdt happy under the consctousness of having been the cause of 
any injury which might have aocrued to him, in consequence of 
his leaving the sh^, I insisted on going alone ; and his other 
propositions we rejected as futile and usdess. It was at last ar* 
ranged, that my box, directed for me, at the British Hotd, should 
he pa(^ed up ready for my fiiend- Smith to send on shore, in the 
first boat that might leave the ship after my departure ; as we 
jusüy ooududed that I should not be able to take it with me, 
without incurring too serious a risk of detection. 

On the morrow the ship was to leave Pulo-Penang : the mor« 
row then was to form an epoch in my life ; my prospects were to 
change, possibly not for the better, since I was about to enter on 
a wide world, unknowing and unknown : driven to an act of 
such desperate resource, by the farutality of an enemy on the one 




hand^ and 00 the other> hy the inadvertenoe of my natural pro- 
tectoT. Dunng the night I dept but little^ lacked as I was witb 
scorpion anxietj^ and dreaming of appalling dangers; but the 
xnmaag rays relieyed me^ and I then began my preparations by 
j^uüag up my dothes^ dressing myself^ and pocketing all the 
treafiure I had to begin the world with^ and that was— one 

At six in the evening I was xeady : I went down on the gun«» 
deq]c^ and exchanged a farewell with Smith, who, actuated by 
fiiendihip most sincere, invoked many a blessing on my head« 
The hoarse voice of my persecutor^ bawling " Naufiragus !" sum- 
^oned me before hira. I surreyed him steadily, and with a calm 
look, though consdous that I stood before him whom I should 
never cefise to execrate as the man who drove me friendless on 
the worlä, — ^ What l" said he ; '^ dressed so smart ! — going on 
ahore, I supppse ? [liropically J. Here — ^give this receipt to the 
boatman who brought the cask of lime-juice, and teil him he 
may go." 

The shfide oi evening had but just spiead round the vessel« 
when I went on deck ; a fedl of rain, with a distant roll of thun« 
^er, and a heavy gust of wind from the shore, indicated an ap* 
prpaching storm. I hurried into the boat> and giving the receipt 
to the boatmauj who was a Mahommedan, I dedred him to shove 
me on shore, putting into his hand my all-^the doUar, which 
worked ^ talismanic e£fect ; for in five minutes I was» for the 
&cst tij^ie in my life» on the shore of Prince^f-^ Wales Island. 

The feding of sailors on leaving their floating home, to which 
^abit has recondled them, has been offcen the subject of remark : 
thus, I once heard the sailors of a ship called the Mary, when 
she was in flames in the liver Hooghly, exdaim, with the greatest 
tendemess, as they abandoned her to her fate-^^'^ Farewell, Mary ! 
^^pp(H: pld ship ! — good bye, old girl !" and soma of them were 
Seen to s^ed tears : and even I could not help, when the boat 
was conveying rae on shore, taking a silent farewell of my ship— 
but «spedally of my friend Smith and the captain, both of whom 
I mi|ch ^steemed.-i— '^ Here I am," said I to myself, when I 
touched the shore, '^ left, with all the world before me ; and be 
Aofi, \inii Providence, my guide l" 

** Some 


« ^ Scntoe nfttuial tau« I droppM, but wip*d them Mon : 
The i^orld was all befbie me, where to chooee 
My place of rest, and Proridence my guide.*' 


My absence^ I was aware^ woold soon be disoovered bn boaid : 
xny firrt object iherefbre was to seek out a secure and convouent 
place of concealment for tlie night. For some time I rambied 
about the town of Pulo-Penang, with all tbe coriosity attendiag 
the first view of objects entirely new to tbe senses ; the long 
Wide streets and irregulär buildings^ with the waving coooa and 
toddy tree^ were novel ; and the jfragrance of the verdure after 
the heavy rain^ was^ .to me^ who had not been on ahore for seyea 
months^ at once refreshing and delightful : but I recoUected thaf 
this was not the time to indulge in curiosity or research^ so I 
Started onwards, and travelled on the high road for some niUe8> 
untQ a spadous wood-yard^ füll of massy pieces of timber^ pre» 
sented itself to my view^ afibrding, as I thbught^ an eaay and 
secure retreat for the night : fatigue and anxiety made thb asy^ 
lum, poor as it was^ cordially welcome ; and stretching mydelf 
out on a broad teak plank^ under oover of a piece of timber^ Ij 
in a Short time^ feil into a profound sleep. 

When I awoke in the moming^ the novelty of the objects by 
whidi I was suxrounded^ the magnificence of the soenery^ the 
sable cast of hundreds of natives^ who by this time were in mo- 
tion> altogeihei; conspired to make me consider myself an inl^bi« 
tant <^ another world ; but the painiul reality was soon present 
to my mind ; and then how deeply did I wish^ all — ^li£B itself— 
to be some painful, turbulent dream ! what bli8s> I thoaght^ to 
awake> and find myself relieved fram the horrid reality^ and in a 
State of happiness and peace ; but> alas I it was no dream. 

I gol i}p> repaiied to a murmuxing brook dose hy, and after 
having washed my face and hands^ pursued my joumey towards 
a thidL forest or wood^ just in my front. The country seats I 
passedj the pBoperty of Euiopeans, were very pictuzesque^ dedked 
out with eoeoa and palm tvees. Feiaring pursuit^ I quiekened 
my paoe, and afVer having walked for three or four hoon». found 
myself in the midst of the forest« and quite secure« I lelt aon« 
vinoed«. j^Qpi the least risk of detection. 

■IjlWiroiftion, the wood becoming thicker and thicker« so that 
it was with difficulty I made my way ; but wishing to gain the 


Bummit of a mountain just before me^ in order to watch the mcv 
tions of my sliip^ I persevered^ and had nearly obtained my objecto 
wlien a loud Hissing mme ansailed me from befbre. Not knowing 
but that the wood might be infested with wild beasts, or danger- 
0U8 reptiles, I was at a loss wbal to do : to zeeede I woaM not ; 
and af ter mustering a littte rasdhition^ I ventmed on^ ezpeeting 
every moment some laige ^sexpent to rush out and attadc me. 
The hiasing became louder and louder as I adraoeed^ and so lond 
at last that I made a füll stand, looking about aniioualy in all di« 
lections for my asBailant^ bnt in vain; and as the hisug oeased 
wfaen I stopped, I arailed myself of the c^iportanity afibided me 
by the apparent suq[»ension of the ezpected attack, of äUaymg my 
hunger with a wUd pine«apple, which I saw before me« Onwaxd 
I still ventured, and the noise, whieh now resembled rather a 
xatde than a hiss, recommenced. I was astonished Üiat I oovld 
not see any thing ; at last^ however^ the bushes to the right of 
me shook excessively for some distanoe, bat without dereloping 
the cause, and all at onee the noise ceased. 

After oonsiderable laboar,.! reached the simmut of the moun« 
tain at the dose ci the evenllig, and, to my great moitifieation, 
beheld my ship still at anchpr, and waiting, as I natuially sup« 
posed, for my return, dthto voluntarily, or with a party who 
might be seekmg me. Oa looking about, I facmd anuninhabited 
l^ut, with some large fifhbones strewed about the floor. I pluek« 
^ the leaves of some plawtain trees, and having cldaned out the 
httt, made abed with them. As night approached, I was deUght« 
ed to behold the trees and bushes illumined by swarms of fixe- 
flies, whidh resembled thousands of sparks, or spangks. My 
pleasore would have been greater, bat for some unaceountable 
noises, mch as xoetrings, cxoakingSy hissu^ and now and then a 
howly all which oomfained^ made me wish much for a candle, and 
some wea^. of defenoe. 

,. Thexnoonxose in füll msjes^in my 6ont; totiberi^tthe 
lighta of PulorPenang'and Fort GomwaUis were discemible, and 
axound me was a vast eipanse of wood. Tired at last of pacing 
the solitary summit, and^xaoked'with amdety^ hunger, and fatigue, 
I betook myself tomy hut, andftil^sleep« 

At daybxeak I beheld one of the sweetest scepes I think in na« 
tuxe. Thesun had just xisen abore the hoi&on—the unruffled 

t9ea^ of s deter edilereal blue^ embraced the glittering sfior&-^tb^ 
Ixild ooait'of Qtiedft^ diirided froi» Priiice of Wales Island hr a 
disamel^, tvfo or läiree miles biioaclj pveseiited itself in frbnt ; the' 
town of Folo-Penang, with Fort ComwalMs^ and the surrönndlng^ 
oDtmtry^ smiling. in säl the gaiety of nature's best dress^ -were on 
wj right ; and beneäth me the Indiaman (wbich in ny present 
mood I looked ot nü^ely afi an object in the - scale) at hier anchor- 
age ; while erer a»d anon Hrds of gaudy pluraage^ the cockateo, 
the lory^ aixd the pafoquet^ adonted the skirts of the forest. The 
whide- pro^ftet iaipfesMsd me with indescribable delight ; and 
mde mf faeart acknowledge and adore wilh fervor the Divine 
Oreator of all that I beheld, and implore bis providence to direet 
mj fature steps^ and tö süpport me under any trials which might 
yet await xne« 

Hie Sensation of hunger now became troublesome ; nor had I 
aay^ means or prospeotö of relief. At last I determined to descend 
the mountain, and remain in the skirts of the wood^ until^ fa- 
voured by night^ I could venture to Penang without the risk of 
being taken: I tjjiought that there I might probably proeure 
something to eat — possibly employment. On my retum through 
the vmoä, I wa» amused by the antics of a large monkey^ which 
sprang firam'bough to bough^ foUowing me in my descent^ appa* 
renüy indignant «t my intrusion into bis solitary haunts. 

I wandelt in the skirts of the wood^ and on the sea beach^ 
picking up' Shells and corals^ until dusk ; and then boldly pro- 
oeeded towards Penang. All this time I had my ship füll in 
view, and was watching all her motions; indeed^ not a man 
could move on deck> nor a sail be unfnrled^ without my cogni- 

Scaxcely had I reaohed the town befbre I beheld^ in a verandah^ 
open to the street^ a PSortuguese man^ with bis wife and two little 
girls^ eating their supper of rice and fish curry. I walked up to 
the gfoup^ and asked^ by signs^ for something to eat ; they^ how- 
erer, one and all ran away> apparently alarmed^ and left me to 
poinie mycoune. I next made my wants known by signs, as 
be&ire, to two native Indiana ; and^ by signs^ they desired me to 
sit down on a mat on the iloor^ and to wait until they should 
bring: something; but I feh alarmed on finding myself l(x:ked in, 


• This Channel ii much frequented by the aUigator. 



apdi withoui a momenV^Iois jof tixne^ let myself out ot aouüüL . 
back t^usement, throu|^ whieb I could scarcely squeeze S17 bod» 
and efiected 1117 esoafe, This inddent detennined me not to^ 
mak;e any more attenvpts to gain. assistance in tbe towo» until xay 
shxp should have fairly gqne away. 

That night I slept in the wood yard; and the next äaj, in 
Order to reach the summit of the mountam^ agffin penetmtod the 
recesses of the wood; but 0» my way tbrou^ it> I found myaelf 
all at once in the midst of an Indian fanuly^ almost in a State of 
npdity^ smokingi and squattedzound a amall fixe. To this parly 
tQo I ap{^ed for relief, stille of cottzse, by signs^ and to my gceat 
joy, an eldedy hLaok. hajdded me a pieoe of new cooüa>»imt ; but- 
this did not much aUay my honger^ which was exoettive : I, 
however, expressed my thanks in the best way I could, . and pro- 
ceeded up the mqontain once more. Having reached tbe top, 
w^t weve no]i¥ my surpiise and joy to behold n:^ sbip actually 
under weigh ! By six o'clock she was a mere speck oa .t|ie hoci- 
zoiV(;tibiUj|. relievi]]|g me of an infinite lood of anxiety and dcead» 
It ^^)^^^t9p late to^ venture ba(;k to the tow& that night, so I slept 
in^myhut^ aod.^lyin th^.monung got up, and prooeedad to 
Penang, whi^h. place I reaofaid jabout eight o'dock. 

Ii^ my J&cst ,w^k through the town, I had observed. that I. was 
an, object of general notice ; and I afterwaxds leamt. that fifity 
do^a^.ha4 heen oSbred by imyicuptain, as a reward fbr my a^re-- 
hesudoni the( motixes* of the two ladians for loeUng me da the 
rogm were thon/obriflus enough. 

Seeing.a man in ^he dress.of a native of laok- follawing me 
▼ery dosely, I ventured to ask him if he spokeJBngüih ?•—»'/ ^^) 
my lord." — '' Well," said I, " teil me who is the greateÄ Bng- 
lish me^chant iOr P^ienang«-*«.! mcan the riebest?" — " 0|gUvie> 
sahib."-^^' Good. agaip," I replied- " Now then, my friend» 
pray take. me to Mr,. Ogilvie's. house." In a short tima I was- 
usbered into a. pn9cely mansion^ and soon in the. preseace of 
Ogilvie, sahib, (or Mip. O^yie..) I addressed. Jüm» saying. that I • 
p^ßsumed to call on him. as a British merchant, U> acquaint him 
with the Step which I had taken, and the causes which had ledi 
me tQ adop^ a scheme so desperate ; and ended, my talc^ by re« 
ques^^t hewouM eUber g^yeme, orprocure for me,empIoy- 
n^enl; on shbre^ in any industrious occupation > at the same time 



aumzing Um, that his aid wmüd be found not to have been rais^ 
placed. He aeemed perfecüy astoniahed; and it was aome timcr 
1)efane he replied— *<' Young gentleman, I feel much for the un-« 
protected State in wliich you are placed in thii settlement ; and, 
jf I may jodge fiom your appearance^ you would not abuse any 
aid wbidi I oould affinrd you : but indeed you cannot remain in 
jthis iflland*— tbe govemor faimself could not perxiiit you to remain 
bere: but if you will call-4iut no-^here he comes— heie be 

The entranoe of a stout short man, with « good-natured ftce, 
anested the harangue of Mr. Ogilne, who roae up and shook bis 
firiend by the band most heartüy. — *' Captain Lambert/' resumed 
Mr. Ogilvie^ " here is a young midshipman^ who has left bis ship 
from ill treatment^ it appears^ and who wants employment: 
can't you take bim with you as second mate ? You want one^ I 
undentand.** — " The very tfaing, Ogüvie; and/' said Lambert^ 
tuming to me, '^ yoa shall find good usage with me, however 
you may have been treated on board the Indiaman : I know wdl 
enough what they are, young gentleman." 

I aasuied bim my endeavours shoeilS not be wanting to prove 
myfldf deserviog of any encouragement I should receive. To 
Mr. Ogilvie I ekpvesaed my grateful thanks, and, pointing to 
blackee, who had introduced me to bis preaence, I expresaed mf 
cegret at 90t haTing it in my power to reward bim. Hie captain 
told me to go oa board the brig Jane, and, with bis complimentv 
to the mate, to requeat him to receive me.*-*'' Youll find," he 
aaid, ^' the Jane'a boat at the jetty atairs;" and added-«*'' I will 
take caie of Uackee." 

Upon thia I rettred, thanking God in my heart fbr thia inteipo« 
aition in my behalf, and in a few minutea waa on board the Jane, 
bat almoat ftoniahed, having faated neaily four daya, aad without 
any dothea exoept dioae I had on; for, on inquiry at the Britiah 
hotd for my hox, I found that it had not been forwaxded, doubt- 
leaa in oonaequenee of my friend Smith'a want of opportunity. 

The firat object that atruck me on my arriral on board, waa the 
odd appearance of the chief mate, whoae name waa Taaait r he 
wore a led cap, a füll pair of silk aleeping trowaera, and a white 
jacket : hia ooantenance waa equaüy remarkable— a viaage of dark 
complexion, with thick buahy whiakera, and long muatacbioa, higih 



diebk bones> and large black eyes; Iie was a half-cast. Vir creole> 
of Bengai, but'^ educated in England. Scarcely liad I diade my 
bow to this original, when a loud, confused jabber, proceeding 
from the main hold, of ^^ Marrega! marregar attiaeted our 
nodce; and^ on loc^ng down the hatchway^ I beheld thxee or 
four lascars^ with bülets of wood, crushing a huge centipede^ 
which twirled its long, elasdc body round and nmnd^ in agony 
and rage, until killed. The jabber of the black sailors, and their 
BOYel oostume, together with the heat of the hold, and the smell 
of the pepper and betel-nut, of which the cargo oonsisted, pro-, 
duced on my mind an Impression unlike any I had ever before feit« 

All hands were busy receiving cargo, which we were to leave 
at Malacca for some China ship expected there ; and all poasible 
haste was made to sail immediately. It was four o'clock in the 
aftemoon when I went on board, and at five Tassit yery dvilly 
asked me down to tea. I readily obeyed the summons, and fol- 
lowed him to the cabin. There I found the leg and wing of a 
cold fowl, toast, biscuits, butter, a piece of cdd ham, and a 
Smoking tea-kettle in the hands of a lascar. Down I sat, oppo- 
site to f6j new friend Tassit, and began upon the fbwl and ham, 
which soon dtsappeared; the toast and tea also vani^ed, and 
with equal celerity, Tassit all the while ministering to my wants 
vrith. much patience .«nd good-nature; and when I aftomnards 
told him that that meal w^s the only one I had had for fout days, 
be kughed immoderately ; but suddenly checking hiniself, said, 
in a serious tone; — ^^By all that's wonderful, I thought you would 
liave killed yourself !" 

After tea, we chatted untü eight, and I understood that my 
pay was to be eighty Sicca rupees (£lO) per month. This waa 
indeed agreeable news, and, at Tassit's Suggestion, I went to bed 
at ten ; but scarcely had I got into a comfortable dose, when I 
was roused up to assist in gettiag the brig under weigh. This 
was done in about an hour; and with the fullmoon to light us;, 
we sailed down the Southern Channel. The captain had not yet 
come on board, so it was agreed that I should take the moming 
watch, from four to eight, and to bed I went again. 

About twelve I was requested to go to the captain, who had 
oome on board, and had seAt for me. I quickly obeyed, and 
went into bis cabin, when the first object I saw was a feiend of 


hisi wlio had come' on board tq hiA hbn farewell> meatutihg hii 
length on lh& üoot, and quibe drunk ; next apj^ared to my view 
the Aoble captaih' himself, seated in an arm-cbair, bis two thumbs 
plajdng round atid rouxid^ ä la Ephraim Smootb^ and bk ef e» 
keeinng time. His face was round, plump, and as red es a für- 
naev> and bis bead rolled round bis large, Square Shoulders, quite 
mecbaniädly ; and it was not witbout some difficulty that he 
contrived to stamihef öut, äfter two or three sligbt interruptionli 
from a tormentliig biccough— '^ Well, sir, have you got yoür 
tbings?"-^" No, sir." — *^ No, sir! tben wbafs to be done? 
wb^t's to be dohe? (hiccougb) wb — ^a— a — ^t's tobed — done?" 
fsdling gently backwäid into a ^' reist tbee, habe" slumber. Sup- 
posihg hiin fast asleep, I was about to take a sileilt leave, when, 
to my surprise, be, on a sudden, started half out of bis cbair, 
bawling out — ** D — ^n it, wbat's to be done?" and once more he 
feil asleep. In a few mintttes there appeared much to be done> 
for we bad run asbore. We lay on our beam-ends until momibg, 
Tassit aU the while, quite unconoerned, smoking a smdl band 
bookab, and talkiog about bis dear intended, who was in JBengal^ 
untü die Stars began to disappear, and the day to break, bringing 
the rise of the tide^ and with it boats from the shore to our a»« 
sistanee. All hands were now actively engaged, and so oontinued 
utitil nine o'clock, when we again ^oated.^ We bade adieu to 
Penaxig, and a fair, gentle breeze, wafted us through the Chan- 
nel, towards the Straits of Malaoca. The captain very kindly 
gäve me, höm his private stock of dbthes^ six Shirts, six whi^e 
jackets, a red cap, six pair of trowsers, and a watch-coat, an4 
alwajrs continued to behave to me in the most kind and fiiendly 
manner. Professing himself my besf; fiüend, he ini^ariably sup« 
j^orted me, whenever any difierence betweenmyself and Tassit, or 
tfie sailor», rendered his interference necessary. He is now dead; 
bu^ if bis spiiit witnesses the feplings of iny heart, which bdat so 
bigh in gratitude and afifecfion to his memory, he has fuU as- 
suranee that his kindness was not ill bestowed. 
- The scenery whioh wfe passed was transcendently beautifuL 
Our little skiff was wafted by a gentle, refreshing sephyr, and 
tibe lascars, in groups, were relating some of their marvellous 
tales, while Tassit and myself, a^^nng our tea, sweetened With 
Chma candy, and enriched with th^ milk of a favourite ^t, 



weie listeniiig to the captain's descriptioiif et ihe different splea« 
did or remarkable sceiies wbich presented tbemselves. llie Aj 
continued^ for many days» doudless^ and beautifuUy hlue ; and I 
may rank the evening bours of tbis day among tbe few really 
bappy bours of my life. Tbis period of enjoyment^ ^specially in 
contrast witb tbe sufierings wbicb immediately preceded it^ still 
lefresbes botb my memory and my imagination. 

In a few days we reacbed Malacca^ and^ after discbarging tbe 
pepper and betel wbicb we bad on board^ prepared to sail tat 
Pulo Lingin, ah obscure Maky port to tbe eastward^ sddom 
fiequented by Englisb traders. Previoasly to our flailing, as we 
were endeavouring to beave up an ancbor left bebind by some 
fiigate^ a black diver^ wbo bad dived for tbe purpose of ascer« 
taining its exact Situation^ in oonsequenoe of tbe extreme difficuTty 
experienced in beaving it np, remained ander water so long^ that 
we gave bim up for lost. At lengtb, bowever^ be made bis ap-* 
pearance at tbe surface^ tbus relieving us from our regret-'^^mt 
for a moment, bowever; for an enormous sbark. appeared almost 
instantaneously^ snapped bim oompletely asunder^ and then swam 
away after tbe mangled remains, leaving tbe water> for a consi« 
derable spaee^ dyed with blood. Tbe sbock to all of us^ wbo 
wäre unable to render tbe least assistance^ was truly borrific ; 
and^ for many months afterwards^ a painful impression remained 
on our mindsj in consequence of tbe melancboly Site of our uh« 
fdrtunate diver. Tbe next day after tbis tragical event^ we set 
sail^ and on our'passage tbrougb tbe Straits of Makeca^ meC tbe 
Java expedition on its retum tö Bengal. 

In aböut tbree we^s we reacbed Pulo langin. The lofty 
peak so called^ as seen from tbe deck of our little bark^ on a dear 
day^ häd a grand and imposing efl^t. We had not been long at 
andior be^sre a ca<ioe came alongnde^ with fbur Arabian cbiefs, 
magniiicently apparelled. The captain^ suspeeting them to be 
pirates in disguise, gave atäen that the door of a cabin^ in wbicb 
was a large ehest of treasure^ sbould be locked. They taid tbüt 
they came merely to see tbe captain and, tbe ship. Being received 
on board^ they scnitinixed, with rather suspidous minnteness^ every 
thing mthin their view. On Coming to tbe cabin wbere tbe 
treasui^e was concealed^ &nd Unding tbe door locked^ they expressed 
great anxiety to have H opened. The captain^ whose presence of 

c S mind 


mind never fbrsook him, calldl to the Cas^a-ah for the liey, 
telling them in Arabic " there was önly a poor Christian lying 
tbere, who had died the day before/' upon which they tumed 
aside with S3miptom8 of disgust^ at the idea of seeing a Christian 
coxpse^ and predpitately returüed on deck. One of the Arab» 
eyed me with expressive eamestness; which^ indeed^ was not to 
be wondered at^ for a European lad had seldoni^ if ever^ been seen 
in that part of the globe before. I was not more than fourteen 
years of age^ with the glow of health on my cheek^ and vrith long 
curlyhair^ as white as flax. The Arab then entered into conver- 
sation with the captain^ expressing (as I afterwards leamt^ 
no small astonishment) a wish to purehase me*— nay^ ventured so 
far^ as to offer three hundred dollars for me. On being told that 
I was not for sale^ he appeared much surprised^ expressing^ in- • 
deedj bis wonder that the captain could refuse so large a sum for 
so young a boy ; but endeavouring to account for the refusal^ by 
observing — ^^ He is perhaps some young prince^ or a high cast 
Englishmauj I suppose ;" and after shewing off some oonsequential 
nati^e airs^ left us. No sooner were our visitors clear off^ than 
the captain ordered all the small arms^ and the four six-pounders, 
to be loaded, in readiness for an attack that night. No attack, 
however^ was made^ and the captain and myself went on shore 
the n«t mommg. 

We first paid our visit to the king^ or rajah of Lingin^ who 
was seated^ cross-legged^ on a cane mat^ in a large hut. We 
were not suffered to approach bis august presence without taking 
off our shoes and stockings^ and were ordered not to advance 
nearer to bis majesty's person than fifteen feet. The captain and 
I now sat down cross-legged^ on a mat facing the king. He was 
an overgrown savage-looking Malay^ with fat cheeks, a short flat 
chin, and a large mouth^ down the comers of which ran the 
Juice of the betel-nut^ of a deep red colour^ which gave bim an 
appearanoe^ at least in my eye^ both terrifying and disgusting. 
We were surrounded on all sides by Malays^ armed each with a 
crease^ or dagger^ probably poisoned^ and whose countenances 
were marked with a fexodty quite in keeping with the rest of the 
scene. The captain broke silenoe by a flatfering enoomium on 
the king's improved looks, sinoe last he satir him« and requested 
bis acceptance of some costly. and choioe presents^ -which were 



produced. His majesty having aceepted themi« made some in- 
quiries respecting me ; he first admired tbe colour of my hsxr, 
then asked liow many brothen I had — how old I was — and if I 
would like to stop in his dominions? and seemed quite pleased 
with mj complimentary answers. lipon my expressing some sur- 
prise at seeing an organ in a comer of the room, he beckoned to 
one of his attendants to plaj it Ä more villanous Compound of 
harsh sounds I never before heard^ but they seemed to please the 
M alay monarch mightily. He then ordered a flute to be brought 
-me^ which^ as well as the organ^ had doubtless been given him 
by some European, who well Imew their use. I immediately re- 
ceived it, and^ still in a sitting posture, played a few notes, to the 
surprise of the king and aU the motley assembly. 

The captain now rose to take leave, which we both did, by 
bowing very ceremoniously, and very low. We had not gone far, 
however, before we were recalled into the presence of the king, 
who, after we had again divested ourselves of stockings and shoes, 
and sat cross-legged oh the mat, made me a present of the flute, 
and a bamboo salver füll of sweetmeats. We were then allowed 
to depart. 

After remsdning at Lingin six days, during which time we 
were occupied in bartering piece goods and opium for block tin, 
we set sail for Pulo Minto, where we arrived in about three weeks. 
On our landingy we observed that the natives, who, as well as 
those of Pulo Lingin, were Malays, were less friendly and open 
than our Lingin friends ; and the rajah would not grant our cap- 
tain an interview : he was bighly indignant, and half resolved to 
sail away without a cargo ; but as this sacriflce would be tob 
great, he reluctandy went on shore. He was by this time well 
aware of the treacherous disposition of the natives ; and the first 
^hing he did was to reeve signal-halyards on a prominent post on 
the beach, giving directions to Tassit to keep a good look-out, 
and, in the event of the union jack being unfurled, to hasten on 
shore with all the crew, well armed. * 

Pulo Minto is even a more lovely spot than Lingin: the 
scenery is indeed bewitching, not unlike that which the imagina- 
tion might appropriate to the enchanted island of the Tempest ; 
but, alas! no Prosp^ros, nor Ariels, nor Mirandas, were'there: 
its inhabitants were very little, at least in my view, inferior m 

. c 3 mannarf , 


xmmners, and in mental and personal endowments^ to Caliban 


By dint of great actdvity and exertion^ we completed our lading 
in about nine ä&ys, and without any closer intimacy with the 
natives than what was absolutely necessary. They evinced from 
the first no disposition to good fellowship ; and on one oocasion^ 
when I approacbed a Malay prince^ wbo wore a splendid crease^ 
with a wish^ expressed by signs^ to be allowed to examine it^ I 
tbougbt I sbonld bave to pay witb my life for my temerity^ such 
was the savage malignity of bis countenance^ and the offensive 
manner in which he repulsed my advances. 

We were on the point of departure^ and^ as we thought^ had 
but to deliver over to the Malays a bale of piece goods, and five 
hundred dollars^ due to them, when^ to our dismay^ we missed 
twenty-eight slabs of tin^ represented to have been actually ship- 
ped on the preceding day^ but which^ as we afterwards found^ 
had been very adroitly concealed by the Malays in the sand on 
thebeach. No sooner had our captain made this discovery, than 
he ordered Tassit to go on shore immediately^ and teil the Malay, 
that if the property was not given up, he would not only keep 
possession of the bale of piece goods^ and the five hundred dollars, 
but xeport the case to the .supreme govemment ; and I was ap- 
pointed to accompany Tassit. On rowing ashore^ poor Tassit 
became more and more thoughtful^ undl a deep sigh would escape 
him, with— '^ Well, God knows how it will all enfl !" In the 
mean time, the brig got under weigh^ and stood in shore as near 
as she could, her guns " grinning horribly/' and the captain 
pacing the deck^ with evident anxiety. We found the beach 
lined with Malays, and as our little boat crossed the surf, the 
countenance ofTassit assumed a most discouraging aspect. This, 
however, did not much intimidate me, for, armed as we were, 
each with two loaded pistols and a cutlass, I thought our boat's 
crew a match for them. 

It was about four o'dock in the evening, when the gende surf 
bore, our boat on the sand, and Tassit, with an unwilling step, 
landed; that instant, a number of Malays seized and hurried him 
to a hut on the beach, and there surrounded him, making use of 
all the outrageous epithets in broken English and Malay, and 
uäng the most violent gesticulations of defiance and derision 

itaaginable ; 

.imagitiable;. ime di^wing a crease acron Tasnt'B .cheak^ i^tJMis 
fonoing 9,jvag, and seataoig ^im im a mat in tbe midst of theni. 
At tbAi instant^ l, who with the boat's cfew had followai lüm, 
Game iato tbe ikag ta speak to ane of the cbieüj and to endeavoor 
to .feleaap iäj inate: *' Lookl my dear Naufragus, bäioldf 
«jaculated Tasiitj i'^ whata dangaroua Situation hat ihe nighiiesß of 
our (saptain plaoedme inl" He said this in a voiccj and with a 
manner so depkial^ and ak the saiaa time so inresistibly ^toH, 
ihat I oould.nojb ssfrain firom laughing, although there weie, at 
tjmt moment, twentjr drawn daggecs at our fareasts; I comforted 
Tastit as well as I could, and tdd the Malawi I would go on 
board^ and the ci^tain their demaads.— '^ Iss, taU 
im/' Said one of the dhiefs, >'^he iiot pay my dollar, not gtve my bafe 
of pieee gpads> I cut away this Bian's.throat." At thia poor Taisit 
tttined up the whites of hii eyes, hellowing after me— ^' My 
dear Nau&Bgtts^ make haste, or I shall be lost to you for e?er/' 
J^o^^f xf^ hoa||^ ,arew tgw with all their mi^^t, tili, in a few 
winvüfces^ I got on board. Neuer shaU J fbrget the vudent tage 
of the captaiB, when I toid him what the Malays had done ; he 
was äs «lad as Jthe jnoiauig sea-* *^ Ah Y* said he, " if you could 
bttt'hav^ unfurkd the union jack, I yi^ould have sattlpd the bu- 
siness in an instant> but that was tmpossiUe« Qo on diore, -Nau- 
füagus ; tdl 'the Malays that I hpist ny natum's ensign; shew it 
jbolüiAm; teil them, if they insult that flag, by keeping a Britiib 
^Ipel priflOBer, tty couatiymeii will came and blow the town to 
«l^^nus teUthcm, too« I will have my twsni^-eight slabs gf tm." 
Aisooend time I weht on«hoiie> not, I eon&ss, quite pleäsed with 
jny misdkm ; b^t deanqng aay niisgLraags.disciieditable'te n^ duty, 
«aawäl honour,'! spumed theseintiudem^ and loddqg 
4ftenilj!f :at my cx«w, toM thon, in their language, tq pull like 
^biribl ,'rAh! hai.sahih,'' 'was Ihe re^^, aecompanied by a 
joitd.oheer^ wlnch rfwnknaftfd poor Tassit» . whbse dipcyingtSpiritB 
jweise just lhe^«t'the lowest My iA despaar. I agaia eotered the 
^nng^ andiAfaey. avere all listesdng attentivej^y to my interpietetf, 
fwlun\y whi^i sangA cajuKinb3& fitanour captaj^, whicbpaised 
jiMt , ähonre eur iheads. ■ Xbia produced-n violent constcmatioa 
AmoDg.the nstDret; but. they had aotinw.ftxr-wc^yloran^ther 
thundtter csme, |«d 9tnicii.a ^söeoa-ti^ dose. touSkth^ top of 
wUsh was dhivsend. t9'8iton8, At this moment, the brig holsted 
;> c4 English 


En^li oohmn. Tassit now expected ^vexy momeBt to be bi» 

last ; and I retceated three orf our paoes> to keep my anns clear, 

and pcepared for defence. A rush towaxds Tasdt made me give 

up the poor fellow for lost^ and breathless with apprehension, but 

nevertheleas determmed either to defend or avenge hiin^ I haatily 

approached the spot with my crew> and was ; surprised at the 

changed expression of Tassit's countenance : bis dark eyes darted 

joyj of deligbt beamed on bis cbeek, and^ tuniingto me, 

be said^ " Go on board> my dear Naufragus^ and teil tbe captain 

to oease fiiing ; tbe Malays bave agreed to bis terms ; and on die 

retum of tbe boat, I am to recdve tbe tin." Witb joy I de- 

livered tbe message; tbe firing oeased; I todk tbe boat onee 

more on sbore^ tbe tin was brougbt on boardby Tassit^ wbo sbook 

tbe captain by tbe band most beartily^ and tbe captain> wbo was 

very fond of bis cbief officer, said^ '^ Ab ! my old croney^ bad 

tbey cut you in slices, I'd bave revenged you^ my boy !" This 

consolation» bowever^ was reoeived by Tasstt in silence, wbo no 

doubt tbougbt witb Otbello> '* 'tis better as it is." Tbe dolbnt 

and tbe piece goods were tben^.of course, deHvered to tbe natives. 

•Tbe captain afterwards went on sbore, and was received witk 

great respect by tbe king^ wbo agreed to dine on board, witb aU 

bis. retinae, nextday^ wbicb was Cbiistmas day. 

At an early bour^ we were prepared for tbe reception of our 

xoyal guest : tbe rigging was decorated witb tbe Britisb ensign^ 

and Union jack ; tbe American^ Frencb, and Spmish ensi^^ns 

were spread on tbe quarter-deck ; our guns, witb six fresb cbatgv 

attbe side of eacb^ were got in readiness to firea salute; eorries» 

sweatmeats^ .wine> brandy> and Hodgson's pale ale, graoed a waU^ 

^spread table^ laid out on deck; wbile tbe captain^ widi b» 

telescope> was looking anziously. toWards the beach^ for tbe em- 

barkation of tbe king. I^^cisely at twelve o'dock^ a laxge 

.canoe^ having in it three flags^ .and surroonded by a oonsiderable 

number .of smaller canoes, pusbed off from tbe shore, and in aboat 

ten minutes the king arrived on board. He was a little fiit man^ 

.with a lowering aspect^ a flat nose, keen.cEaf)y-looking eyei^ witb 

.a remarkably small chin. Tbe moment he reached the deck, our 

luz-pounden opened the salute, the thunder of wbicb so alarmed 

Jiii miyesty, that, at bis particukr request, they were silenoed. - 

The conversation then tumed on.the hopes of a oontinuanoe of 



ftieadsfaip between his nuijesty and tlie Englidi ; nunfeiocn wefe 
the piofessions of veneration and attachment excbanged^ tili at 
lengtli our iqyal visitor b^an to feel tihe efleets of the bampen 
lie had swallowed^ and at every frah one he dedaied— '' No 
natkm in the world was like the EngHah !" ISa attendants wore 
each a crea^, and sanoundedtiheir Ung, as if apprehennre for 
his safety. At three he rose to depart, and a finishing bumper 
to the health of the king of England concluded the entertain-* 
ment^ with which our visitor vna highlj gratified^ and retumed 
on shore, with^ on his part^ reiterated professions of evedMing 
friendship for the English^ and on ours, (when he was at a di»- 
tanoe not to feel alarm^) with a salute firom the guns. 

We then proceeded to get under weigh ; bat my feelings were 
now to undergo a shock which I litüe anüdpated, and which 
served to illustrate the unnatund^ cruel practice of the slave 
trade — a beautilul ffA, about twelve yeazs of age^ had been 
purchased hy mir captain for the som of forty dollars« as a present 
fbr his wife in Caleatta. She was brought alongside in a canoe, 
ahortly after the departaxe of the king, in a State suffident to 
awaken S3mipathy and pity in the breasts even of those who 
were most accustomed to witness such scenes. She was " all 
tears/' or rather^ as if natnre had exhausted itself, and denied 
to her the aid of tears to relieve her oppressed heart, she was 
insensible to all around, and wrapt in an agony of profound 
flonow. Her hair^ long, and black as a raven's wing, was fbw- 
ing wildly over her ÜEice and Shoulders : poor Yadhoo ! how often 
<have I thonght of thy afflictions ! alas ! thy moans were unheard 
«-'-«hy sighs unregarded; oi\r hark bore ihee away, far^ far from 
thy oountry, and the sacred breasts that reared thee, and thoa 
wast doomed to bear thy griefs unsolaced and alone 1 

Sfxm the shore of Pulo Minto yaniriied from our sight. Wafted 
•by a fair wind^ and bending our eourse for Hindostan, poor 
-Yadhoo was forgotten until the next moming, when she was no 
where to be found> though diligent search was made for her. 
it was at first «upposed hy all« that she had fallen a victim to 
lier etcessiTe grief^ and thrown herseif intb the sea during the 
. night ; bat on the thiid evening (^ our departure, she was found 
by Küae lof the lascats^ stretched at her füll length^ in the main 
«hains^ a piBy to dread and muery, and reduced to a mere sk»- 



iatoa : bor hiding^plaoe was.piob^Uy t]^e hokl^ w^ich it wiis oofc 
possible to exami^e/tboroughly. £veiy care was now taken of her 
by the cc^ptaio^ wha left uutried no mieaQs wbioh t^dem^c^sr 
could $ugge8t> to xeconcLb.lieir to l^er fate ; but it was not UQtil 
Aix weeks had elapaed tbat she ventured to hold up hör head«. 
Pfequently^twbeii iß the eveiüng, ar in the night-watchj she 
seated to leewaid^ have I Ustenad to her wild native jsong ; her 
VQice was impressiTely plaintiTe^ well suited to the melancholy 
potes she warbled^ and so soft and tender^ that I never^ before 
or mce, hesjrd any music which went so directly to my heaift. 
The mu^c of the Malays is^ I believe^ generally allpwed foy 
£uropeaHs to possess a mellowness and moum^l sweetness pecu- 
liar to itsdf ; and isj froni its simplicily and wUdness^ considered 
to be eminently beautiful. 

My.sopl delighuin sensibilityj so that it would respo^d to aay^ 
melanchqly object; and such was the üapre8s|o^ which it re^ 
ceived fiom the wild nQtes of Yadhoo^rin co^poxioQ^ uWith its 
cogni^ance of her desolate situa^oo^ that I shall i^eyer .cease Ip 
thinkof her^ though an untütoped Indian^ but as OQe.possjßSfdpg 
ß. jsqul of rare sensibility : in . shott— »^^ To £eel^ 'twas- h^tir 
bersong." . . 

The voyage fnom Pulo Minto to Calcutta occupied a period of 
seven weeks; and certaipj^ I never spent a happier time pi\ ship« 
board* The eaptain wa^ exceedingly fpnd of musii:^ aj^d .abßUt 
an hour after the tea^-thingA were removedj wiiie« grogj and.^nßH 
haad-hookahs^ being placed im the table> Tassit was lopbed lo 
for bis song as regularly as if it had beea pait o£ las äuly. 
Then .would he strike i^ bis favouiite air-«— ^' Awajf with n^fjan* 
choly/' the fiumliar Jal las of which delighted ^e caplain so 
much^ that if I were not scrupulpusly att^tive pQ l^^A to tb^Oi 
(the f€Ke4)f my lungs, he would fly in^ a violept pc^ssi^iQi^ and 
thumping the table with bis Gunter's scaloj ba^vl out— *-^^ W^ 
sir l" then came the^ la, wiäi a vengeanoe. It was not« bow- 
eyer> at all times». that I could oompose py bua^^ sufficii^y 
^or the punpose^ so ludicr^us was the . e&ot proc^ceA by tbe 
Mnifi>nD twBng of Tassit'ß. yoicej in the y^r^ beginniog with 
,^^<c Why what's the uae of sigbiog»" by bl9 vide»QiKtQnded lanky 
piyta,, »od by bis eye stedfastly fiised on one of the beawsj .froia 
,which he never veatuied to nwY^ |t» upijl it pa^^e tP the .delect* 



Mßfai la» This' scene wa» renewed eveary nigfait uatQ our airival 
in Bengal. 

On the 25th of Januaiy 181S> we hove in mght of the Idtde 
Andamans : it was a dear day^ tbe wind UowiBg a g«ntle north- 
east breeze. We sailed dose in shore^ admixni^ tbe. gcoeial 
beauty of tbe island — ^tbe green cocoa«-tbe palm-**4he daading 
Sandy beach — and tbe dear blue waters playing on its verge^ and 
reflecting tbe sun's lays. The Andamans were at tbat time un- 
inhabited ; and a lascar was.stationed at eadi mast-head to lodc 
out for any wreck, or fbr any sigas of |iuman habitation. No- 
tbing, bowever^ but tbe beadi, with tbe beauty i^ the lamdscape, 
.were to be seen» 

In a few days a beavy swdl an^ounoed our near approach to 
.tbe sand-beads*; and soon afterwards a lascar at tbe fixretopinast- 
b6ad gave us tbe joyful news of a pilot scbooner being in stgbt. 
At tbis intelligence,the captain^ wbo was all anxioty to see bis 
.wife and ßunily^ was deligbted. In an instant our unioo Jack 
was unfuded at tbe faxe, wbile in less than an hour a beautiful 
brig bove to^ dose on our weatber-bow^ and sent a pilot on 
board. He was a fine 3roung man, apparently about tbree-and^ 
twenty, remarkable for bis penchant fo? d&eroots; never for a 
moment was be witbout one in bis moutb, giving bis ovders at 
tbe same time, and diatting to us all, with ease and good nature: 
tbe pilot-schooner Jcept us Company. 

As we advanced, tbe Saugor sands became more and moie oo&- 
spicuous ; at last a loud, rumbling noise, resembling tl^it <^ Aun- 
der, wbicli, os we approacbed tbe sands, iacreaaed to a temSc 
roar, the suxge at ihe same time dashing over thebcBaken to an 
appalling beigbt, inspired us with feelings not at aü in'unison 
with those of tbe pilot, wbose festures indicated complete self- 
possession. We were now hailed from tbe mast-head with 
f'Jand in ngkt^" anxious to see Bengal, I ran up tp the fore« 
top-gallant yard-arm, and my longing eyes were satisfied with A 
distinct view of Saugpr Island on our stiurboard bow ; shortly a& 
^sr, tbe Bast Indiamep, Ijpipg in Saugor rqadß, oppeared. in sight; 
and at six o'clock we came to an aodior. The ci^tün wfvs so - 
overjoyed, that he bad '' Awi^ ynüi melaacholy" three times that 

' * Sands at the entrance of the riTor HooghSy»^ m &tal to maruien ui the God- 
«fB0 m the Britiush ChaoneL 


tiight^ and his otLer favourite BongA in proportion ; and the pilot, 
when joining in tHe chorus^ convinced us of the strengtli of Iiis 

At dayliglit we weighed anchor^ and passed Saugor Island^ with 
ft fair wind. In a little time the small craft^ Ipng off Kedgeree, 
appeared on our larboard bow : with the wind and current in our 
favour^ we soon came abreast of Kedgeree ; and in a short time it 
disappeared altogether. We saüed up the river with wonderfnl 
celerity.— *' Now, Naufragus," said our captain^ " you will see 
the beauties of Hindostan^ with its wonders> and all its princelj 
luxuries ;" while the püot would ever and anon^ as we approached 
the banks of the river^ lend me his telescope to watch the ap- 
proach of some thirsty tiger from the jungles^ or crafly alligator 
from the river's depths. Tassit^ smoling his hookah on the hen- 
coops^ seemed wholly intent on the pleasure of a speedy interview 
with his beloved Sarsnee. 

I went sloft, in the hope of a foretaste of the beauties of Hin- 
dostan ; but I was disappointed : nothing but a low^ flat^ bushy 
country presented itself to my view in every direction. — " Where 
— ^where are the boasted beauties of India ?" said I to Tassit. — 
*^ You will see — ^you will see," was his reply. Two tow-boats 
were now sent a-head to assist at slack tide. As we moved 
«lowly and majestically up the river, by the light of a dear fuU 
moon, the silence around, interrupted only by the regulär splash- 
ing of the tow-boats' paddles, and by the shouts of the boatmen, 
answering at intervals in a not unmusical voice, at first loud and 
cheering, then dpng away gradually, the pilot's call of '' ThaU" 
Brhabär ! pull a-head !" produced a rather pleasing Impression^ 
but left behind a melancholy one. 

On the third day an Arab ship passed dose to us, on board of 
which were three Circassian beauties, who were distinctly visible, 
with the aid of the telescope ; they were in their cabin, looking 
at US with as much curiosity as we at them ; and certainly their 
complexions were so transcendently fair, and their features so 
beautiful, I could not be surprised at the high estimation i^ 
which the Circassian women are held throughout Ada. 

As evening drew to a dose, we saw the '' Company's Grardens'* 
to our left ; and on our right ** €hu?den-reach." All at once, a 
ficene of magic 8plendour> which took possession of my senses, 

.. burst 


bxirat upon my view^ and astonished me : Aß goigeous palaces^ 
which were no more than the garden-boiues of civil and nuUtary 
öfficers^ and merchants^ were on a scale of magnifieenoe totally 
unexpected by me ; never had I beheld, nor have I ever since be- 
beld^ the habitations of men so intensdy gnmd and imposing : 
the baTik3 of the river^ for a distanoe of thsee or four mües, wexe 
studded witb palaces^ disposed in an irregulär line^ some of them 
baving each a peristyle of twenty-four columns, pvoducing an in- 
conceivably stnking efiect ; and the landscape seemed to vie in 
richness with the buildings. 

In a little time^ Fort William^ considered to be the finest for« 
tress out of Europe^ presented itself to our sight« and astonished 
US by the grandeur of its appearanoe as seen above the ramports. 
The Government House^ and the town of Calcutta^ hitherto con- 
cealed^ next opened suddenly to our view> and elidted a sponta« 
neous burst of admiration fiom me. — " Ah/* said I to Tassit, 
'' how happy should I be to live in such a oountry as this ! it is . 
far^ far more beautiful than England^ dressed in all its channs." 
On the mention of England^ there was something in the lopkg 
and manner of Tasdt^ which^ though he was not a native^ seemed . 
to call up busy Memor/s dearest objects«— '^ Nayj Naufiragus»" 
rejoined Tassit^ " prefer not this gilded land to your native home : 
I know it better than you can know it : a land of luxuxy is not . 
necessarily a land of happiness ; the hardy inhabitant of a bleak 
diff in England may be blessed with a thousand charm»— « tbou- 
sand tender links to social comfort^ which the owner of yonder 
palace may in vain pine to possess^ setting aside contentment and 
rüde health^ both of which inestimable treasures are in this land 
almost strangers to us. If/' continued he« " it were not for my . 
beloved Sarsnee^ I should pine for the land in which I spent my. 
boyish days so happüy." Oh> Love ! potent tyrant ! nor oountry 
nor time can withstand thy sovereign sway: ay^ youth-— the 
World — and mammon too^ bow down before thee^ and must con- 
fess theo sovereign of all — the first and best of nature's boons* 
Would that " the course pf love always did run smooth!" but 
if it did> the earth would be too blest^ and mortals wish to live 
for ever ! . 

The ebb tide causing us to come to an anchor for the night^ my 
good eaptain took leave of U|| after having left with Tassit the 



neeesflaiy JAfitructionis re4>ecting bis ävtty^ and having assttreA 
me '^ that he wcmlcl ta!ke care I sbouid be well paid for my Ser- 
vices on boatd." Tbe bearty squeeze of tbe band whicb be gave 
me at parting/ would^ if any ptoof b^ been necessary^ bave 
convinoed me of tbe sonoerity of bis professions of esteem and 
fHendship. He tben went on sbore^ taldng Yadboo witb bim ; 
she ^yed tbe surrounding wonders witb an eager and impatient 
look^ Wbile a smile of satisfaction^ arising probably from tbe 
prospect of a diange of sitü^on, lit up ber countenance.^ — 
^' Tbere^ Naufragus^" said Tassit^ pointing to our captain^ wbo 
bad got into a palanquin^ and was by tbis time soareely visible — 
'< tbere goes as noble a fellow as ever stept ; be carries witbih 
bis bosoHi a' beart of gM, a mine of inestimable wealtb ; be lives^ 
Naufragus^ not so mucb for bimself as for otbers ; wbitbersoever 
be goes^ bis fellow-creatures bave cause to rejoice at bis presenoe. 
At tbis moment bis beart is overilowing witb tbe bappy tbougbt 
of mteting a beloved wife^ in wbose smiles alone be seeks reward' 
for ti&e iBcessant tmls and dangers attending bis profession. May 
he ettjoff all tbe Uessings of tbis life^ and etemal joys in tbe neit^ 
say I r— " Yes, TassiV said I, '* and let us drink bis bealth, 
and may he bave a bappy meeting witb bis family.** — ^^ Wifb all 
my heart/' r^oined Tassit. Tbe pilot entered beart and soul into 
our feelmg9> and our wortby captain's bealth was drank witb 

Tassit Bow proposed half an bour's recreation on shore^ to 
whieh I joyMIy aceeded^ being anxious to tread tbe land of Ben- 
gale Searcely bad I time to look about me^ on our landing, be- 
fore my attention was arre^ted by ä female form^ of tbe middle 
stature^ wbo walked by us witb an air of elegance and dignity 
whicb flurprised me* She was witbal exceedingly lovely^ and 
possessed^ I tbougbt^ tbe finest form I bad ever seen^ set off to 
great advantage by* ber native dress^ a fold of fine calico tbrown 
loosely round ber^ yet gently compressing ber waist^ so as to dis- 
play her shape to tbe utmost possible advantage ; one end of tbe 
calico was fastened witb » pin to ber jet*black bair ; ber ears were 
omamented witb large ear^rings^ and a profusion of trinkets ; ber 
fingers covered witb iings> and ber wrists witb bangles ; wbile 
ber feet, and finely proportioned andes^ were lefl bare. Tbe in- 
tensity of my gaze so far attracted ber üotic^^ that to my deligbt 



slie snukd» Init dmppeared alsnost «i tl» aatoe intant WiA 
ecstacy I tumed to Tattii««^'' Ak, my äealt 6aeai, did you behold 
ftbat aogeUc figm^e^-^-tdl me, what wasshe?-*-* nadfe ftmßmm 
— ^p^haps the hmiem of this prinedj nunwion ? I am fim dh» 
must be a being of some niperior ocdv."— ^' Nkafiragtts," ittüiu 
rupted Taant« '^ you are Toung— <haTe not jet entored the thM 
age^ that age whidi a poet isi joat eoantry pmioiuitea to be a» 
baneful to youthaa sanken roeka tonMaaen: ne, Nanlhigus^ Ae 
19 no pxincess — nor is she the hctieai of jonder polMe— ae^ nor • 
beitog of a supenor otder, as you Tainlj imagine; bat, itavt not, 
she 18 neidier mofe nor leaa than a meiranme*J' 

In qpite of m j friend's philosophic advice> I oottld riol, aa um 
-walked on the grass pkt^ before io statelj a maadon« divett my 
mind of the idea of one irhom I had oonaidend m watAj to iw» 
habit it. The time and pkce-^sonomding ob fecti ' a nd, above 
all, the intoxicating fEagranee of the gentfe sophyn^ walied fifona 
the Company'a gaxdena oppoiite, «ronaed in aae fiMÜngi wUdi Cül 
tS^^lmd lain idmoat donmunt. I feh, at I imagine Aiam maat 
hsLve feit in Pa^adiae »before Eve'a creation» htipffy, bot imfe^feet« 
ly 80 ; there was «tUl a vacuuin« a flomelifaiii^ neoemqr to<^aefcot 

At daylight the next morning we again weigfaed aadm ; at 
ei^t o'clock we bnmght vp pflf. Calcutta, and jBomd onr lirig 
close m shore, when the pilot took kaVe of na, wilK heartj d^ 
monstrations of fiiendship. Scarcely had he loh m, be&ito a taH" 
and handsome copper-K^ohmred youth, white» and willr 
a countenanoe aa jiedate as Chat of age, ^ame on boatd,^ and waa 
recognizedby Tassit with a smile of ddü^^ He wasa domoatieof 
his faithfiilfiarsaee, whabrou^tbeaeathhis vest aiaqge j^Mb-cake, 
twobottlesx^wine, andakindinvitation tocomexNishote^ IW« 
Sit overwhelmed him widi questions ; and Moodoosooden Chetov- 
jee feit equally deHg^ted to see Mi old friend Tanit safi) aad 
sound. It was agreed that we shoold both go on diote the fol«i 
lowing day« I alept but ixtüe that night, both beeauae itfy ima« 
gination was busy with the expected novekiea of the asoRow, aad 
becaase auxsquitoes in swanns incessantly hnnnned about my eyes, 
nose, and ears. The annoyanoe to ihoae sensitive Organa I cam 

... ' » eoaipara 

. • A female domesdc employed to tweep the house. They «re luually of the 
loweit Gast, denominated ^^ pturiahs.*' 


tgiafdxe to ttodung better than to fheir being tickled with fiiie 
feathers. The bite of the mosquito is not dissimilar to tbat of a 
gnat^ bat it'is attended with considerably greater inflammation, 
and leaves behind a very uneasy Sensation for some time after. 
Moodoosooden Chetarjee . was sent the next day to procura me 
mosquito curtains^ made of gauze^ by which alone I was after- 
wflM:ds able to repel these indefatigable tormentors. 

At length ihe time arrived for me to go on shore. — " Naufra- 
gusy". Said Tassit^ '^ dififerent countries have difierent customs ; in 
England ,we walk — ^here we ride in palanquins ;" and indeed the 
moment we touched the shore^ we were puzzied how to choose 
among so many : Tassit^ however^ very coolly stretched himself at 
iiis füll length in the one nearest to him^ and I followed bis ex« 
ample> Moodoosooden Chetarjee running by our side. 

If I was pleased at the extemal appearance of the dty, as 
Seen &om the river^ how much was my expectation sui^assed 
on beholding its interior ! The süperb buildings^ the bustle of in- 
duatry, ihe creaking of hackeries^ or carts drawn by bulld^s, 
the jostling of innumerable palanquins^ the jabbering of the 
Bengdüees and palanquin-bearers^ the novelty of their dress 
(nothing but a fold of white calioo thrown loosely over the 
body^ and an the head a turban) — altogether composed a scene 
which so enchanted my imagination^ that I could hardly divest 
myself of the idee that I was in fairy land ; but my reverie 
was not long undisturbed^ its charm being dissolved by a con<^ 
stant attßndanoe . at the side of my palanquin of importunate 
▼enden pf books^ 8andal»w(k>d boxes^ bows and arrows^ fans made 
of ^peacocks' feathers^ and oriental cuiiosities. 

• We alighted at the house of Tassit's friend^ a Mr. Wetzler, 
who.received him with open arms^ and welcomed me most cor- 
diaUy> as hia £riend. — ** But where^ where is my Sarsnee ?" said 
Tasflit. A pair of £olding-doors then flew open^ and a very love- 
ly bnmette appeared^ and threw . her arms very affectionately 
n:\^nd Tasait's neck. * She was a sister of Mr. Wetzler's^ and I 
heartüy oongratulated my friend on the prospect he had of pos« 
aesoDg such a treasure. I wish I could gratify my readers by 
setting off Tassit's person and features to advantage ; but in this 
lespect he was inferior to the cfaarming woman whom he had 
chosen for bis wife. Hia good sense, howeyer, and the excellence 



dr lAs heart« mftde him entirely wortliy of her, and ihe loved Üo: 
wilb an aidour flddam e^joalkd. 

As Boon as the two loveQ had exehanged careases, and mutnal 
eongratulatiens began to f^v%, way to lober eo a v ta ttadan, w6 aal 
down to a taUe richly apread with eaatern and Euiopean delSea^ 
des, ctttrees, hams, turkeyB, ani meUow East Indib Madein/ 
lliese aie ihings well caleulated to {iromofee dieerftilnesBand^göod 
humour; but we did not re^piixe any akiäudus* 

My attention was aknost wholly engtoeaeä with ihe oontem*« 
plation of the {tfincely vöom we weie dinlog in ; it was open on 
every side, and had a large Teraadah,* and extensive casements^ 
duided by vettetians ; the floftr was of marUey the walls were de^ 
oorated wiiih glass waU-shades, cihandeliew, and pictuves ; a ptin- 
kah*, saspended from the eeiUng, fiuined us overhead, whüe a* 
natiTe at each ccttnar of ihe table moved to and ho a laige haniS 
ponkaht madeof theleavesof thetoddytree>theend(^whiehWas 
fixed in a wooden 8o^et> and ihe hookah emitted odorifaioutf 
spicygales; crowds of Bengallee servants were in attendance. '80 
enchanted senses, that I oould not help obseHing tef 
Tasnt, that, mueh as Ihad heazd of eastem luxnry, ihe xt^tf 
suipassed even the imagination^^'' Yes, Naufragus^" resumed 
Tassit, ** ihe luxuiy is certainly .great, bat it soon doys ; and 
then> my friand, the mind has not, as in England, any means 
of renovating its ezhausted powers; the veiy dimate tends bot 
to smother energy, and Inll the soul into a stete of indolenee 
and languor ; and all the lusmy which captivates your yoang 
ima^natum, affords not ihat substontial happiness, which, in yoiur 
free and happy oountry, is enjoyed by a rustic at his horaely board?^ 
*^*^ Aha, then," I ezdaimad, " how truly deceptive aie appear« 
ances T 

We sat up tili a late hour; and at five ihe next nutfning Tasstt 
appeaied by my bed-side, telling me tff " axonse, and oonfomi 
to the customs of the east." I axose, and we theb njomtted 
horses provided for us, and gallqied off towaxds the coune, wheit 
the European inhabitants, and many of ihe British fair, were 

D enjoyinj; 

• A bowd, about twelve feet in lengih, tlnee in wütfat aad ooe indi in Unol» 
ncn, xidüy gilded and papeved. It is fastened by ropes to the roof or «ilip% 
•ad hBfft in motion by taeaas d a Bna attached to its centre, ind pulled by a pft> 
•OB vbä iits in a oonier of the ramn. 


obJcTIOS ^ fmbnett of die copl momiiig i^. Soon^ hoWdic^ 
die min displayed his efiulgent njs, aad the inteosi^ of ihm 
\^ druv.9 u0 to «epk shei[t;er at l^ine. Th^ra a fhpwerrbftth 
i^waitod ^s; and baviiig droBsed, we sat down at eight« to a fub- 
atantif^ hcmkif^ pf rioe^ fid»^ co&e, fcea» eold Iwn* inutj aad 
tbe lipoiN^ V ü<m, Naufirag^s/' said Ta^ " ytm «ball wo 
t)iß xe^wnei cUy of Calputta." Slz^tch^d at fuU loagth in our 
palanquina« we wei» carried alpog at tbe late of siz pr aerea 
n^l^.«9 bour; \n^t tbe cLm^^ pf tbe poor Uacka wbo bofe-me 
ya^d&c ß honftng gun witb i^cb i«^iditj> gteatif füminMied tbo 
pjiw^ira of tbe ecmyejano^. Ta^t pointed out tp me tba gpvesov 
aafpiit-bouifc^ bml^ bjr Ib^ llf^ng^ois of Wdl?atoy> at an ämanog 
ei^ßj^ncse, ^nd wortjbj. c^f tb^rplinooly oUy of Calctttfta. It öe 
9|tiiate4 on tbe ^^^i^ni ^M pf t;be e8{4anade^ aod ia a noit a^giul 
fpd beautiful fafaiic} from wbatever point it is ^wed« Ovar 
ti^e fisur a|)cbe9> os gat^> tbat lead to it, ane placed sphimeai 
ydtb vi^ys figurea at)d emblemsj whicb pjoduoe a good efftoft^ 
The kingfs and oompany' 9 9ffpm «^ QinblA?oned ovei tbe wf^tfent 
^deaa^rngates. Tbe U^ok bplc!» tfbere so niany of fny «nfinto* 
nateeountarynien died, vktun» tq Indiaa tyraony, was then^shovn^ a tocrent. cf id^^s ruabed fp my nemviQFy aa I aiurrcgnd 
tbe vciry Bpol wbe^:tbe f^gony qf til^ 4pBg bad ence shrioked in 
vai^ for sucQour. O^; tbe fatal apot ia erected a mqmiqient» 
wbiob ia ii^tepded at once to bold up to.exa6sation tbe nenoiy 
of Suxajab<4iLd*Pow^j and to c<munemorate. tbe sufiferinga aad 
fiirtitude of bia victims* It ia a pyramid^ truncated at. tbe top^ 
^nd Btacnding upon a aquiure pedoatalj bamg a design in seulsgibam 
en eacb of ita 8idea> and an inadiptjon in tbe Engliab and ladian 
langoagea. It is surrounded witb an iron raüing, and ezbibits « 
moumful appearance> not unsuitable to the event wbich it is in» 
tendfd to commemoiate. Tank-8quare> tbe ränge of Wrifcers - 
buil^ings, St. Jobo's cathedral^ and tbe Sootcb churcb^ witb 
ni^MEOna otber buiidin^> botU public and private» on a scak of 
ipgantic magoificenoe^ eacb in its tum, claimed my attention. 

" Now, N^Mimgaa," aaid my oonductor> " I will abew you a 
«gbt» tjie relation of wbicb would scarcely be believed in your 
bappy country." We joined a dense mass of natives» and to 
'läj aatoiiiabment I biaheld men suspended^ thirty or tbirty-fiye 
feet fipm tbe ground^ at tbe end of poles^ to whicb tbey were 



liDoked tlirottgli tlie muicleB of die back^ aad whiiüag tcnaA aod 
tound in the air, witk incffidädä swiftnesa. It im ifae HiodMi 
festiyal of the '' Doorga Paorga,** and tfae faigoied victims cimm 
taken ^eal seemed not onlj to bear dieif torUufea with fortitude» 
bat to haQ tliem with exoltatidn. Tbe viotim» duzbig tlie periodof 
bis nupension^ wbich ia about two or threa miniitfs ia tniploDreA 
in Casting flowen^ and oopper or fUrer coin, to tbe aj^plandiiig 
nraltiitude beneatb bim; be ia thcn let down, and diaauned iü 
triumph. Tbis apedea of aelC-i&flietiion ia genetally pcaotiaed vk 
lionoar of tbe godden Maruamo, whoaa ritea are attotig fSbe 
moat wi^ed and 8angiiinav7 of thoae wbich aic obaerved ia India« 
I turned aaide «nth diagoat, not unmjyed with pitf, at tfce in&Ha«« 
atkm of man, wko oould thua tnnafimn aland, tepleniihqdbytiie 
boiintifiil dkeator with every nQoeaaary» and even eveiy luzury 6t 
Vdk, and ihat alnwat under axemisakm of tbe aentenee-— '^^ By tbe 
aweai of Ay hrow/ into a aeat of deplocaUe aiipentition aad 

1 ■ I,. nli,,. 


Scareely had oor palaoqmna made way tbimigh the cfowd 
wbiish bemmed üs in on all: aidea, before aoodidr spactade in« 
tcroe p t e d our progreia to the gaiden-bouae of ourgaod eaptain» 
vrbese^ we inteaded to'flpend the etenin^. Tina new object d 
attiactioo, bowever, was more gratifying to our feelinga than tbe 
fiift;. it wae tbe maniage featival pf two yoüng nativea of raiikj 
mexe infahta, acoompaaied with all the pomp whidi dtstlfiguiahea 
the naniage oeremony in the east. A long prooesnon preoeded' 
ihe iofnit bride and bridegroöm ; the indiridiiala compoaiBg it 
canying flowefs and aalTen of 8ih<er, gold^ fhoüdnceBae, nyrrii; 
and aweetmeata> to be pteaemted as gifts to the poor aa well aa the* 
lieh; and when ihe young bnde and bridegroom^ gofgeöandy 
airayed^ appeazed, both in one palanquiü^ literally coveaed with 
gold^ diapionda, and other precions stonea^ the noiae fron^ the 
cymbida and '* tum-tuua^' was deafening. The bride was a fine 
cfaüd, of a fiur oomplexion, alxnit five or six yearsof age; but I 
oouM not get a distinct view of the bridegroom. Hie marriaget 
ooat no leasithan üve lacs of rupees^ (nearly sixty-three thouauid> 
poonda). What paitunüarly atmck my attention waa the im-» 
pDBing beauty of a white Arab horse in the prooession ; it waa' 

n 3 gorgeoualy 

• A kind of kettle-dnims. 

i* For a more minute description of the maniage ceremony of the Hindoos, 
vide Inde&^(( Jlfarrfagr," 


gätgbauüj CBparisoned in tM eattera stjle, and riMetl by f very" 
fcitniiDme *HiniDD, Thebaiagbty mid ^raeasiuttd pfk»e> of tb» iicMe 
MdnuiU and itö gixidt träppkgg/lb^med ft tilriklftg<;etitMl Witii 
the iiHUand twbnleiif "toeneiiiidii^ im, 

It Wiseveolng whea we ^ere set-dewnat tke iMie^ ^f a^höst 
giidänteule, in Intälly * ; aar Mend gav^ tjs « ockdial Mi^äote^ 
•ad latrediMed us .to bis wife,- an czeeed&^y fair ÜMile Udy-. 
8be was dressed in fine wbite mnslin ; ber beanüftd jet fliR^' 
tresses 'bung negligentij down a well-proporttimed neck, and a 
tioban tastily fonned» set off ber ^ne expiesdhre leaAüres to great' 
advantage. 6be was bosidt in tbe daties^ bospitaüty towatdta 
pavty of bor bnsband's fiiends» and i^eeived üs witb a ^f^gn&'t/E^ 
graoefisl dignity and ease^ wbkib' at onoe channed iwandi mprewed ' 
US wUb r^spect. We ooold* see by ber eyes, l^e bapfpiaess wbiüii' 
sbe felt'in baviagberbtubandonoemore by^ber* sidfe'i and be' 
seoBiedin an Elysium pf joy> andinfusedaportionof it intons «IL* 

In tbe niidst of our enjoyment, a slender youtbfol female, ba- 
bited ^witb studied gvaee in tbe Maiay style, taxtianä tbe reöta, 
and btaded round, on atnas^sUver salver, sweetmeats and ifriher 
The captam andTassit fixed tbdr eyes steadfastiiy on tse, but 
totalfy uneoBscioas of tbeir meaauig, I tittned to gase ob tbe at«. 
tractive beauty of tbe gurl ; wben, on ber near approa^b, ibe 
fioBiliar features of Yadkoo presented tbemselves'te my view, 
ber person set off by tbe adtantage of dress, and by Üie ärtr ef 
dviliaed life ; my surpiise and deU^t may be well eoneeived. 
Sbe smiled- witii great sensibility, if I mäy say so, and I eoold see 
a tear» wbicb sbe in vain endeavouied to suppress, steal down ber 
yotttbful cbedc. Could I bat bave read tbe train oi tbougbta 
tben passing in ber soul, as sbe sunreyed tbe oountenanoe wbidi 
first regarded ber witb pity, wben cruelly bome hom tbe tender 
boiom of ber parents, and ber nativeland, to be eziled frpm tbem 
for ever, I, too, migbt baye dropt a tear in tribute to .tbe sacred' 
aonows of poor Yadboo ! I rejoiced^ boWever, to see Mrs. Lam- • 
bert tabe grsat pains to rest<tte bappiness to ber yöui^ 
beart; die could not bave bad a better, or a more bumäne* 
nastniB^ and tbere may be sone, wbo tbink ber new con-' 
dttien ■ must bafe been more desbraUe, in erery polnt of 
mw> tban tbat in wbidi sbe Uved in ber uative Imd, sur- 

* In tfa« luburbt of the town of Calcatta. 


i;ouQde^> bjF tki^ tiees wUek are ihe neeeiMUir oanoomitaii^ df 
:i|pM99BiM9f5 ind o teace> aad. superttitioBj <%ut weierl 'Ya&MH 
iinA M ihe- jKMvar to ohooiej I would gniUMlyio «n l^* 
lenudniBg in ^boflom ßS my ftnilj« aad Sn -Ae lanA' of my 
liräu FsMwelly poor Yadhoo ! I oommeiid you to ilie otfe äni 
jvgtafrtkiii.fitif Jliavi wlio «8 a ftAor of t]iefiiilkesleis»:.iheMcai 
o£ thefriflnfll^ aad iippDeinA, uid whose power iBM-liia com- 
jOBivni» bottft^itesa.' 

-l left-.dif. gM^pTihmiwe of my finend, iridi -feeUngi veiy 
:-diflbraiit fron thiw» wsth wllich I enlered it« In tho oouno 
•0f> th« oFtniiig he beckoned me ande> add oondncting me into 
iH$ gaxden^ addiieflfled me in nfearly ihe foUofr&ig WQidi.-w''*¥oa 
xianoi bot have obseKvedj Nau&agos, thatlhaveliadyoiirnw 
^law«( moanfy at liear^ frotti liie moment ^hen I fint saw yoa, 
ito tho pvesent lime: it tßhräs me pkasure to eay, you have 
proFod tyouradf in every way deserving.of my fnenddi^ I 
^tberaftase liave noti sinoe I zeeetved the unexpected intelligenoB 
:(lftoagbt meoftly yestjnday) of my owner^s death, and that my 
brig mxut, in eonsequenoe^ be sold^ been unmindfu]? of your 
iftiiux& welfaie« > I am deatinedj my young fiiend> to Ue by> on 
•aboiOK-fbsalewmosiihsj as.wellfiümpiradonlialxeaeonaaafiNmi 
ijiyljnajtion^ b^tihat would be too long a tSme for you to be idle. 
>1 bay^- added boy B&et « pauae^ '^ been tbiwking» with aa »uch 
{piOiui apA aiDdbty as if you were my ewn flon> wbat is best for 
^<m-t»4o: you ba^ean «nde in England^ owner of an Eaat 
«Indieaa^^ ( have you not?^-^'' I baT^ ba t ' < " '^"1 «oder- 
^taadyoub" saidbe» intermpting lae; ''yoor leaiing tbe ihip 
«mak^siyoQ. feailul of bia diifdeMuve ; butfear not^ my dear lad; 
^ncK-j^bt be bas tbe lediagand g^neeosity to forget and forgn%; 
.jfou.are^edU a boy.' At iH events» try him^ and iboüld you SüL, 
.yetmsi'to Caltsuttai and yOu «ball never want a friend. I bave 
ifivod Iqi^.my boif > and know tbe world toö well» not to adTiee 
^\;L:t9'i»^tiyate yoivT' nmde'a fiöesidsbip^' by everypeidble^mea«^ 
ifk ibatiof any etbar pecsbn^ bis interest wdl inmie 
^tjfffa>jsafmß^^vfk tbe world; bot wtbtut it, .you väl 
«t^ggl^r witli ebnest insuzmoontable diffiooltiea, and potaiK 
itS^ef^Tri^fe at aay d^[pee ef ndependiBee atl«ng.^if. you Irre«" 
-*,j;4 wmWiäläf affeeted at tbe eaneatneia of Us« ma]iner> mkA 
vi. D 5 . giaCefiil 


grateful for the wann interest which h^ ^took ia mj behalf : I 
told him 90, and aasared him of my willingneas to aUde hy Üb 
4idvice : he added—- ^'I have adviMid you as a firther; if yoä widt 
ID retum to Europe^ the meanis are in your power ; I haVe xeBäjr 
for you a puner*« birth on boaid of an Indiamaa ; or« if nune 
acceptafala^ that of seoond mate of a oountiy sbip, boond fixr 
China^ ahall be secuxed for you— take yout dioice." I thaated 
him> and dedded by adc^ting his advice, altbotigh I cooftiMd 
I entertained but veiy feeble hopes of any good lesolting ftom 
it* ^' I highly approve ypur judicjoas choiiae/ he leplied; 
'^ its success or failoze, time and events alone will shew« Tcw 
morrow then I will introduce you to the captain^ and pajr 
you your wages» whidi amount to forty-five pounds* I hope 
yet to live to see you> Nau&agua^ captain of an Indiaman/* 
I shook my head^ but expressed my hope that be would Uto 
many years^ and enjoy them ; and he^ in a cheering tone^ adtked 
me not to despair, but to do my best, hope for the bedt, and 
leave the rest to a kind Providence- We then retumed to the 

Taßdtj who^ in the oourse of the evening, was made aogpiainted 
with the drift of our disoottrse« approached me as sooa as tiie 
Company brc^e up.*-«" Well, Naufragu^»" Said he, ''you axb 
going to leave us^ I hear?"*-«^' Yes," I replied, with a s2gh> '' 6> 
meet the frowns oi an ofiended uncle, while you, happy in the 
amile«! and earessßs of your bride, will be unoonscious of the 
agoniising feelings of my he^ !" He took my band, and preisbg 
it,,toId me to oheer up*-^' For," said he, '^ this world is a aea 
of wpeir, in which, like it, the mind of man is scarcely for a mo« 
ment calm, exoept when aleep relieves him : short, howerer, ia 
Ihis respite ; the dawn of day bring» with it afresh the task of 
thia world's pUgrimage, with all its woes, cares, turbulenoe, and 
pain; and, for aught we know, you, when under your unele'a 
finown^ may be as little to be pitied, as myself to be envied in 
the eknbraoea of my bride ; for the lot of man in this Ufe is, in 
my opfaiioib pretty xtearly equal throughout with respeet to hap- 

I feit thankiul to bim for the object he had ia view, in reasnv« 
ing ihn», but was top afiected to reply ; he observed my embar« 
rasment, and we parted for the night with a silent wring of the 


hmuk iHiidi eeavefei io tke hiut a ibj^dwfy kit'flIiMiM 
toten 4f fdendship on both ödes. 

«. In tl» moridngv Captain Lambert aild Tiank accjbriipaiikd ma 
te 4>e lendence of m}!^ neW oosunancler. Qa dur w«f > hämhek 
dbaenodthat I liad onljr twa dayft to fit niyself out» far tiiai ty 
ahip was aMady oa her pattage ddwn tha river td Saugof^ 
'' I^ v^e tune^** added Täaüty " I wcmU have taken you wiCh 
niö tp aee a jrnun^and bloomiiig vriAam voluntarily aaofifiea hiat» 
adf o& the fonenl pile of her deoeased huabatid; aad matty Miar 
efaaily bArbasDoa (nutomt of this people, whkh wodld be to ydä 
olyjeets c{ gieat interest." We jomed in the hope> höweirer> AM 
I- shoiild Boon v^uhi to Iiidia> aiid ünder more aufipicioas cifcunw 

. We wtee soos in the proseiice of my new tonunändef : he iM 
a. sfaort tbin man, with a sattow oompleddcm^ and an ausfeeie brow'i 
whicbt howeter^ xelaxed on' bis seeing the honest visagje of gooft 
Gaptafa Lanriieva; tiiaii the great man 'Wbs bo vety polite^ thät I 
eoald hardßf penuade mya^lf it wa» the perso^ to< whöm I had 
juat been intniduoed; Ikit I had ubtaAf seen enongh oi thef 
ilrdM t6 know^hovr neeeasory it ia txr dhMuat appeteancea : it wni 
atlengtfa 4greed l&ait I shbuld be hU puraer^ keep hiis boola^ aal 
peifiorm whalaref eise might b^'tiigiiiced of me aaanamanuenai^;^ 
anA that in tutian fct tfaeaa aervieea^ I iribonM mesa at hfe table/ 
and hate the ooii?eineä». of a oabin. We then paitedy wiÄ anr 
uadenktahding ihat I waa to pMoeed down the river to join the' 
shipoQ the£[^iiy0^gday; and the fe# ramaining hours whic^ 
were left at my di^poaal were employed in preparationa for my 
depastura* The next day Lambert and Tasait aeoompenied mef 
to the boät; ouv parting was maork^ on both aidea with every 
deaakmalrpctioil ef dncere good-wiü and trae friendahip; an^ 
wsthonü. tUnking of ifaia' aoene^ nevesr can I read l%akapeare^ir 
piataieaiQe deseription of the payting of Attomo and hia- 

(« I Ho eye hemg big with teairs, 

T^omiig ]^ lavM^' he patrlB* lumd b^diid tum» 
And, with affecsdon i»oikbftiu> a^Ue, 
He wrung Bassanio's hand» and to tb^ partad*" 

On niy veaehing theahip, I waa received by the firat officer^, 
and conducted to my cabin« On the foUowing day the captain 

»4 joined 


joiae4u8j and weweigkedanicli^>fl]id bade £u«weUtoteibonk 

of Bengal. Tlie character of my new comiiiander was natuxanjFV 

apd almost neoesaarily^ the first object of my attention. Hov 

^iffepreKt fwm. that of my friend Lambert ! The oae was apem, 

)ii09pitable, generou8> and friendly ; tbe other proud; momse^ pas« 

sionate^ and d^ceitful. But, as }. went on board detenmned ' to please, I bad a satis&ction wbich few cm boaid ex« 

perienced-— tbat of notdispleasing, My cbief effort to keep Üim 

great man in goqd humour witb me^ oonasted in a neTer-oeasing 

f^l]^tj0n to bis private aooount books and papers ; bat, wbat 

wact more an object of parlicularity witb bim^ was tbe manner of 

x^y performing tbe duties of tbe table^ wbere I sat at tbe bead of 

no less tban tbirty persons^ including passengers^ ladies as well as 

gentlem^n^ Dutcb prisoners of war« tbei first and second offioers, 

fmd tbe doctor. Tbese duties I found not easy^ under an eqni«« 

lioctial 8\m, amid calls for fresb suppily> and witb no better in«» 

Itrument tban a bLunt carvingrloufe. Even' under tbese drcixäi«^ 

stanoes» tbe sligbte&t; symptom of petulanoe woold not bave xe« 

oeived indulgence. Had I been older, I sbould bave found my 

^sk easier ; but I bad seen scaroely fifteen summers« altbougb I 

fiight bave passed for twentj-two. Tbia part of my duty, in 

^[enenil tbe n^ost annpyingj onoe in a storm« offtbe Cape of Good 

][Iope> jn^ved tbe source of serio-oomical amusement. One daj 

at dinner^in a lurcb of ibe 8hip> so beavy that not a soul on bbard 

expected sh^ wo\ild ever rigbt again« tbe table (tbougb lashed 

firmly to tbe deck)« groaning witb sea-pies^ lobaDous^«' tureens« 

disbes and plates« suddenly gave way> tbrowing witb a crasb^ 

^be wbole Company towards me« wbo was seated to leeward. I 

bad just time« and.barely> to pqp my.bead under tbe table« other« 

wise I should bave suffered tbe pain eitber of balf-strangulation« 

l^y tbe edge of tbe ti^ble catching my neck« or of being jammed 

^gaii^t tbe sbip's side« by tbe weigbt botb^of table and passengers« 

I bave never yet been a vqyage witbout seeing sometbing new 

and eminently grand in tbe works eitber of nature or of art. Of 

tbe objects worijhy of attention in tbis voyage« ibree made a last* 

ing impression on mymind; tbe first was« tbe tremendous sea 

rolling off the Cape of Good Hqpe« in one of ibe most direful 

Itorms perbapa ever known, The s^ off the Cape is proverbial 

• A kind of Irish stcw, hdd in grait eetiinatioD by saüor«. 


tn di^ tenifie bcight ta wUdh it nun; enn to mannen kpravat 
appaUing, and to many ▼oyagen &tal ; in miglit^ awM gnn» 
deulr^ andinfuiy^itfluipaanaall theaeaacm theiaoeof iheglbbaw 
Hie alorm came oa with a gesde aephyr off tlie Imä, wbicb in« 
ottised t» a bomd itwr of wliirlwiiid« aco^^ 
flaflliea of üg^tning» yvnä balla of fize darting aroand the Tenel, 
and Ininti of tremendoot diunder: it oontiniied during a 
whole week. Hie nighto were honiUe; the hoane erj of 
ihe Bfulors' voices oould icaroelj be heazd amidst the dealening 
voat of the fbaadog Ullow» aad the howlbg of the wind in 
iexxi6caBj violent intehnitting gasta thzoagh ihe liggiiig. The 
leaj aa seen hf ihe flashes of lightning, appeated eager to 
awallow uB up in destruction. At ihe dawn of day^ what 
a KÜbject. for a poet I what a field fbr a xnaaterly painter f 
Bat HO artist^ however maaterly, oould do justice to a soene lo 
awful ; nor pencilji nor language^ oonvey to the mind any ihe re* 
jikötest idea ot ita ndgfaiy grandeur. Truly doea the Ptalmiat 
fAj-^** They that go down to Uie aea in ähipa^ and oocupy 
their huabeai in great waten; ihese men jee the works of the 
Lörd^ and hia wenden in the deep.** The aea, terrific and 
dark as ihe douds which oovexed it , rolled alowly onwaxd, as if 
anre of destraying its viotim; and when ihe ihieatening Inllow 
xeached us, dertruction aeemed inevitiUe. But noi Ihe hark 
ainka not— «he is hürled üp to ihe heavena on iti hoBom, and ihe 
apeetator aees beneaih him a fxi^tfiil aud yawning gulf, into 
which he again ainks to he again boine up#axd ! 
: This was ihe gmodeur of nature. The ieoond waa the gian« 
deur of art> aa ezhifaited in His Majeatjr's fiigate ihe Loire, Gap- 
iain Brown, under whoae oonvoy we were lailing. In ihe At- 
lantic Ocean, one moming early, the Loire aailed dose 
of Ü8. He breeae waa scarcely atrong enougb to ripple ihe 
ten,. and emitted a refi«diing fisgranoe; ihe fingate, as if oon« 
anoua of her superiority and impoaing beauty, as ahe glided 
through her native element, saüed majestkally aide hy nde wiA 
US, a martial band on board her striking up in the best style : not 
one of US bat feit a gbw of eznltation on behoTding so fair a 
sample of England's pride ; not one bat feit the love of oountry 
strong within him. But not a whisper could be heard—- « deaih- 
like stillne8S>' interrupted ooly by the munc, and the sighing of 



^.Ixreevej veigaed acoimd^ wbsl« tHe tainä^Mi eyw of äU wem 
bualjjr em^yoi <taL tk^ luliivilM teene Iwiove tfaebi* Shidtely 
a feigaal fiioift aftoAeir sb^ af tÜe iset;» for a «^mg«. mm!» ^km 
duofldi IUI iiMittntaliUwma dhuigiEi a£ eoend.; swift «r thmi^t-tibe 
heim was ctwv^M '' low and aldfiT" wilik «il> in an ittgtanl die 
toeawifxfironiis^aiaditikMihadttftliflräwiiia^ flpMikoii 
die bwifton« in bot putsmt of tlie itHtego; B; one^dia rdii|»i* 
peavad, royavtDok vs^ifiMda^in to leeWard, ani mad« rigiMil«"«. 
'' W^a wiTfi AlCMUca 1" 

Tlia |hiid> tiFa» tHe glariotis spectade af tilie lattiiig tan% Vbt 
tcaQ^'evamtigs togelhier, dimi^ a peiaod of diil^ 
anxMite^ after tlie fieiy orb had withdittWli, tlue hddmm piMenMd 
8ucb a lidi imi^tf of fintaalic fornu^ and matchleneoloonaty <tf 
axure gold^ and spangk^» v^ring^ as it were, to sutpaflS eaeh oütem 
in ddicacjr and flplendouis-*4lie wböle too xefleoted upon the t^ 
pling ocetti in the i^eai<^-««i to pnxbaoo an efie(^ beyond detoripM 
tion magnifibentatnd deüghtful, and wbich inspiied all oif us iMdtli 
admiration^r-*^' How giasd 1" all exdaimed ; '^ and^ " tkouglftt I, 
" how woctky of the gveat Creator^ who kas giveni to the öb)eeCi 
of natnie the most agreeahle fbraM and aecasiaries^ as wc^ as tba 
most impoitant nses T* 

At the end of a few weekb I once more tcod t2ie laad of wf 
nati?ily : v^e ariived in the Downs towards evening. got mdaF 
wei^ early on the nezt nioining> and^ with the asBistaaMe of • 
good 8ea-brees^> xeadi^ Graresend on the etening of the sanw day« 
FuUy sensible of the^impartanoe of conciliating niy mek's esfoenii 
and under eonsiderable an^ety^ I bade adieu to all an boaid, and 
iieaclied bis cpüntini^honse, in London, at ten on the foUowiag. 
moniing. I was there inibnned that he was at bis conntry scaty 
and woüld not lefum to town nntil the monow. I therefore 
went Uf my fatheifs, who had heatd that I had left my-ship, bat 
afto wbat beeaibd he had no means of fortning an idea. 

It was ebottt üto in tfae evening of a delaghtfnl May^^y> wka» 
I leachedlhi^ leite wUehled down to.fais&nn: 

u ,. ■ V fhtt rfngidiir emotions fiÖ* 

llicfa boMins wbe have been indoeed CO MMUb f 

With flattenng doubts, if aU be well os iUw. 
With love for many, and with fean for some ; 

AQ feding« wfaxch o*etleap the yean long lo6t, 

And bnng our houEto back to tfaeiz ttttrtmg post" 



In a field mt Ü» mä öf the IttM^ a gir], mtMig a Utd<» Aääf 
lAuSb afterWards prbved to be mj otdj mter, tnraed nmad to 
gase oo «e; w]iile I> dretsed in a Uue jadket^wiA nanlirt« 
trowsen^ and carzying under mj ann a bündle^ eobteirnng fbot 
pieov af Bengal btfidfmnoef (two intendfid fiir mgr unde Banon^ 
«od tvra for mj ftdubr), walked on inÜWfQt inlicniptiaa. Um 
w^4aMiwn giäte of 'the fitfm^faiid qiwsied at my toüeb-^ wciLenm 
vtälnets xeigned atonnd^ nd intetruptod even by faitfalnl Boli^ Ae 
bonse-dog, i^iota ht^ bead» teating an Ut fore pawa, in bis km« 
nel^ seemed to reoogniaa me as bis mastei^s fikod. I lifted Af 
dooEwlatcb^ and widwut odremcmj wfedbed mto tbe parioor, wbem 
ast my &tbar aad motber at tea. My father, wbo did nofc knovr 
me« in oonaequence of tbe alteration wbicb two yeazs bad mada 
in my appeacance> roie to inquiie my busmeai; bot my motber, 
pak and in a tr6mbling voioe» exdatme&>— >'' It ia be {«— it ii my 
Km l" and buzrying acnifls tb6 leom^I was in a moment lotked in 
tboae anns wbicb I tben wisbed I bad never left. 
. Questiena «id änswecis followed eacb otber so fint, itwaaa 
long time befae I could collect any tbing connected wttb my 
imale'd £pdUngs towazds me ; ai last I understood tbat myinreterate 
cnfcBny, tbe seoond offleer^ bad tiadueed my cbaracter by OTeiy 
paasiUe mode, bad misreptesentad fiu^ts^ and given to tbe follieä 
or sallies of youtb^ tbe colour of determined vidonandaiä ^* In 
> ^fbot^" aaid my iatber> *^ be baa aucoeeded in piejudicing your 
unde so mucb against yon^ tbat be is detennined nerer to aee you 
moie ; indeed^" be eontinued, with one band plaoed in bis boeom« 
and a sig^ wbiob be tried in Tain to suppress^ '^ yonr unde and 
myself bavo imforhinately bad a £ew misundentandinga ci lale ; 
aiid I fear we sbaU soon be obliged to quit tbe fann : bat for yon 
I feel mofe tbaU for myself ; ahould be diaeard yoxis you wiU be 
destitute— I can give you notbing but my blessing ; yoa mual 
tbetefime go to 14m> Nanfragus, to^morrow ; give bim libe bau- 
danhoes> ainee you bougbt them ftr bim^ and ask bii ftvgiteneai 
for tbe paat;. in tbe mean time» we will not kt imaginaiy ilb 
doud tbe bappincss of omr preaent meeting. Gomey Kate^^' speab« 
ing io my motber, ^^ let's bave a bowl of puneb ; and Naufraguä 
sbflU relate all tbs^ bas bappened to bim." Tben turaing to me 
»«-*'' Aa for your motber^ sbe bei not bad a dry eye naoe sbe 
beard tibat your idup bad come bome witbout you ; and many an 



Bourüf anxiatyluTe I bad^ I aaureyou.'' In ^te of &te^ ipMb 
aadbilanty crowned oür bourd^for Chat eveoiiig» and not a m^^ßm 
ngh ooald find admittanoe witldn^ althoa^ all waa yerj fipr fimt 
being wdl witbout. 

. The nezt moroing mj £ftther cheered up mj sprita Ij 9vuy 
meatsxB in bis power^ and wben^ with tbe^ bandannoea undcr my 
mm, I bade bim^— '' Good day/' be said-^-'' Now^ N^ufiagu^ yqfu 
axe going to seek foigiYeness for a £iiult ; bear tbat in.nund, vad, 
if posdble^ don'tcome awajwitboutite OodUessyoul.andpixis» 
per youT uhdertaldng." 

At eleven o'dock I reached my uncle'a oounting^boase^ and be» 
beld bim standing at tbe fiirther end of it« with bis back \a the 
fire ; äs aoon as be recognized me^ wbicb be did almoat as soon as 
I entered it^ be tnmed instantly aside^ and left tbe afl^ce, fiiaft 
oompäanding me> in a severe tone^ to— '' Begane ! and never pre» 
sume lo approach bis presence more." Go I did«-*-at beert panisk* 
ed more by tbe severity of bis manner^ tban by ihid abandonmeitt 
itse]f> serious as I knew it would prove to me in its conaequeneea» 
In vain did I subsequenüy endeavour to soften bis resentmenti \^ 
layiag before him, in writitog. thetrue rtate of dunss; hew» 
iipnplacable— my letteni were bumed ; and from tbat period to tbis 
I bive never Imown ibe benefit even of bis good word, mucb leaa 
of bisassistance. 

As for ibe bandannoes, I gave tbem to my fadier, oonjuxing 
bim not to be low-qnrited^ and saying, tbat I sbould perbi^ do 
better in tbe Indies^ wiih the stxangers' fostering aid, tban at 
bome, under tbe cold band of relations. I added— >'' Fret not for 
me^ my dear faiber : the will of Providence is iirevooable, and 
for tbe few days we have to live^ we must- conform to it. All 
may yet be for our good, bowever cruelly appearances may fioewa 
npon US." 

. In oonsequenoe of tbe excessiye severity of puniahment witb 
wbidiparents, or natural protectors, visit tbe errcgrs of youtb^ bow 
many are lo^ to their families for ever; their &ir pnNqpeets 
Uigbted, and thoae promiang talents nipped in Ü^ bud> wjbich 
mi^t otberwise have proved bonourable to themsdves^ and l)a- 
neficial alike to their country and to manbind! And ^Me \ bcg 
tbe xeader^s indulgenoe, while I dig^^oa a Iktle &o«Hn|i9ffq9^iTe» 
in Order to ofier a few considetations on tb(B \ifitiiä^sLwff nü^ 



tidafll case. \ Ixh xibt for me to sit in judgment on my own eon- 
Aüet ; Inil^ eVen gfänting I oömmitted fäults deserving of punish« 
tträt/litißtSiey' Were tte faiiltr of a young^ ineiq^enced boy, 
aafy fourteen yean old. It will, I tlaxA, be adxnitted that a inoie 
titxti püniiAiÄent/ one xndre calculated to condemn me, for life, to 
j^ert^j iE(n3 tö an atgect dependence on 'strängen for my bread, 
eouU'itiditliätefbeen'inflicted; and I ieave the reader to jndge 
ifdietker my^](Kiaililiment was proportionate to my oSence. Desti« 
tote, frifendlesk/ ekposed to all ttie temptations of a seäuctive me« 
tropoHi like London, and snnounded (as I afterwaids was) by 
dlSfing poVtoty iand despair, bad I sougbt refiige in ihe giave, or 
ih the 1ia\ints of in^amy and vice — bad I even breatbed my last 
on a scaitbidy it'would bave been no more tban could naturally 
have been expected. lliat this bas not been the case, I hare cer« 
täinly not to thank my ande Barron. It may perbaps be thougbt 
that he was not bound to do any thing at all for me; that 
hideed there are few undes who would have done so much ; and 
ihat he wak perfectly at liberty to withdraw bis protection with- 
imt sabjeeting bimself to the imputation of injustice ; but when 
it is considered, that he bad known the family in happier days, 
when they vod^' in their carriages, and were respected for thdr 
Yiirtaes as wdl äs for their riches ; that the exercise of bis patron« 
age was, from the almost unlimited extent of bis interest, as well 
as of bis purse, Ao serious object to him ; and that he had, more« 
Ihrer,*' iteceiv^, when lie most jieeded it, a dowry of five thousand 
ponnd« with bis wife, the case will appear, in the view of any 
tinj^udioed person, widely different. 

' In jnstice, bowever, to one who bas treated me so cruelly, I can^ 
not snppress the fkct, that to almost eyexy other branch of the fa« 
toSSf, he' bas proved himself a benefactor, and espedally to two of 
my junior brotbers, whom he bas sent to India as cadets; so that, 
liowever little I may personally have to thank him for, I can 
never harboiir in my breast a less favoorable feeUng towards h^ i^ 
tli^'a^ tiäoefe desire for bis future welfare. 
' My fitvt oonsideration was, how to procure a lioeooe to pnceed 
a^ain to li^dia. I had an aunt, who had frequently seen, at the 
täbfi^ ti her inother, that hoüourable genüeman, Mr. Inglis, a di« 
itetof dt &)s Hbäotirat)le East India Company; to him phe applied 
for '^ FVee Mariners* Ind^ntures" for me, and^obtained them : but 



I bad still to overcöme a difficultj before I vecdred tb^; attft 
that aiofle ftom the drcwnstance pf my baTiiig deserted my sliipr 
the highly&vourable and flattering testimony^bowever« borne bjr 
tbe captain^in a written certificate^ astomygeneralconduct^eiid^fe» 
tbe rectitade of my moral cbaracter^ o vercame tbi» difficulty : and? 
after talduog a farewell of my parents^ I sailedfor India^butimder 
ibe melancboly conyiction that a stona^ tbEefttening destmction to 
my fimiily and tbeir little all^ wasready toboxst over tbeir bcads; 
and without bavjng any substantial grounda to hope that Z sbould' 
ever again see either them^ or my native land. To tboae who baTB 
nerer 3een t^eir " native land reeeding through the growing wa^ 


ters/' on taking a long, and perhaps eternal faiewoll of it, I eamot 
but recommend the perusal of the following linef :— 

<« I can*t but 8By it uan awkward nght, 

To see cme's i&tiv& laadrece(fiiig timra^ 
The gioinng waten; it unmims one quite, 

Espedally when life is lather new : 
I leooUectGreat Britain's coasta look white, 

Bat almoBt every other oonntiy's bhie ; 
When gazing on them, mystified by dintenofi, 
We enter on our nautical esistence.'* 

I wasnow bound to the islandof Geyhni> which mras wellki|owii 
to the ancients, and is supposed to be the Taprobana of Ptokvny. 
it is famous for its rieh pearl fisheiy *-— the abundance of ita gema 
and predous stones— its rieh beds of cassia^ and dnnamon tiees» 
and for the grandeur^ beauty, and variety of natura displayed in 
its scenery ; which veiy possibly may bare given rise to the tia- 
dition so prevalent to this day among the natives, that it is the- 
spot where the Garden qf Eden oiiginally stood. The narrpw 
diannel that separates it fi»m the peninsula^ bears the name of 
" Adam's Bridge;" and on the summit of a mountain, caüed 
'' Adam's Peak^" they even pretend to shew the print of Adam's 


• The pead fishery begins on the north-west ahote« aboat the middle of Febra« 
ary, and oontinues about two months. The village of Condatchy ia then aowded 
vith Yktaa-of dsfl^räit oountries, colours, casts, and occupations, who erect tents 
and hutst^baaanand ihopi; wfaUe tfae sea preeents the enlivening scene of boats 
hastening to the banks, or retuxning with the expeded riches. The divenaM 
diiefly Chnstians or Musuhnauns, who deicend fi^e or ten fMhftmis and xenaain 
midar water aboat two minutes, each bringing up an hundred oysters or more 
in a net. The yeUow, or gold-ocdoured pcarl, is most cstecmed by the natives, 
but that of a dull grey, or blackish hue, is most valuable. 


Ob oitf airiiaa at Goianilio^ die fhkt'umi oS the KogBA 
possessioDfl <m the idandj we fcnndaooaatry aliipf j «onnmiided lisr 
a Captam Hasst detatned in port tax want of an offioer. Amore 
frrtuiuUaoppoaiunUjrcodldnoCponiUyluTepi^Mnled itself: my 
«eoffessed «ervioes were aooeptod witlh avi^ty , OD ^ 
Dupeei^or tan pfniada a month, with the ose of theoq^tam's taUe; 
wdZleflk the Iniiifttnan with the good widies of the captain^ offl* 
üKn, aad all the coew« Thi« allowance (as mj mere penonal 
axpenoee wen hui trifling) aoon put me in a oondkioB to aate a 
Uttle:. OUT veiad wasaoeatttagtiaderof MakhoTy andfromoon« 
Mut, oommuniiaatioiL wil^ the nadvesof Goa, Cannanore^ Man« 
galora» Tülichoy, Cochip, Qnilon^ and Anjengo^ I at length 
yeptujKd to tum myüttla saying« to some aoeount^ by trading, at 
fiM in a mall way> buying on oommiBsum^ aod seUing at a proAt 
of fire(|uetitly raoie than tevejity-five or One hundred per cent. 
Tbia cnoottKageaieat iuduoed me to enlarge ny ayatiem of traffic; 
and as we made qpi(k tripa to Bombay, and from port to port> I 
^Hd myielf> to my infinite joy, at the end of e^hteen montha, 
paasemed of nearly fiare thouaand six hundred mpeea (seven hundred 
pouada)« My captaiti was equally suooess^ on a larger aeale. 
Tb0 ¥48«[el waa ptincipaily bis own; but being too amall fbr ihe 
ippfwwing ooDunesee an the coast, he reaohred to aeQ her, buüd a 
Imge Que atOochin, and pvoooed firom Ceylon to the Mauritius 
'^'vrith a pnofitaUe cargo of buffiüoea and cocoa-nut oili As I loved 
my^aptainiaabrotheSylhad tolament thathb-quittingltidia fyr 
ihß Mauj^ua wouU oompel me, in justice to my own interests, ^ 

to leave biia ; bat it gav^ ma pleasure to be Me to afibrd bim a 
piQpf of iny regard, by a ready cosoplianee with bis wish, that f 
Would not do so u^tii the day of bis departure from Ceylon. 

White my captain's sbip was^ building, I availed myself of 

ih^ shdrt tiaie^ tben at my diapoaal, to Tisit a civüian at Cäli- 

, ^t, wboSQ &mily was intimate with my unde, the captain, and 

Wh9 hmi hßQit very attentive to me at bis table in Bombay. £u- 

Topfta« «odety, at the Brkiah Settlements on the Malabar coast, ia 


• Columbo U. » handßqqie ««wii» and^ «dl fefflUadt Ae giofcmorV htm»,' 
vhich.Gansififts.butiqfiwieikmviasIcgBiit The 4liBiat6 islei» laliry thon that 
of Uindostan, hßing, e^ipoeNl onatt«dei ta sea-lbneses« 

+ A Tessel oommanded by a Bitfopcan, bat manned by natives, and trading in' 
thft ladSanSon» Couttiy veaielB, of a Iwge size, -mfike a voyage to England öc- 


16 momitotfbuSj dnt » desdäptiön of the State of it at änc^ m&y le^e 

for a descziption of its statein tbe rest. 

The Epglish at Calicut reiide in büngalows *j of a capadous 

mMe, aad wellbuilt : sodety helte mote lesembles the unanimity of 

a family, ihan any thing eise, the only xesidents being the 

civil« nnlitaxy« and naval offioen of the Company ; . and as ihey* 

9xe allj m point of resptetability« upon an equal foodng, few or 

HO disoocds arise among them. On m^ reacfaing Calicut« I found* 

that my fri^d was on a visit at Bombay« and Mr. P^ce« then 

ipag^strate there« invited me to partake of tbe hbspitalities of hlä 

bouse and table« until my frieAd's retum. In tbe daytime« tbe 

members of our litde sodety usually repaiied to the babitatum of 

Mr. W****n« at present secretary to tbe Bombay govemment. In 

pne room a few Englisb ladies would charm tbe votaries of music 

witb tbeir Performance on tbe haxp and piano« tbe gendemen ac« 

companying them on the flute« or bass viel ; wbile in an adjoining 

apartment« biUiards were tbe amusement : in anotber room wera 

newspapers and other periodical works« recently brougbt froi^ 

Eurqpe«' witb Pamphlets« &c. for tbeliterad; and wide verandab» 

affi)rded a dieerful promenade. Afiter all« tbe best treat was per« 

baps die lieh vein of Mr. W****n's bümour ; be possesses« besides 

tbose peculiar powers wbich are essential to tbe entertainment of 

a large Company« a rei^lendent genius and a ready wit« and bia 

guests are secure of a firaük« open-bearted« generous welcome. 

In die evenings« I was favoured witb tbe loan of a fine Arabian 

borse; and aball frequendy conduded tbe da/s entertainment; 

Thus agreeaUy employed« I was sorry wben « letter from my 

captain innted me to attend tbe launcb of bis ship« wbich was to 

take place immediately; and espedaUy sorry« as myfriendbad 

not retumed Crom Bombay. Of Mr. W****n I took an afiecdon- 

ate leave« as also of tbe ladies and gentlemen of tbe settlementj 

bat pardcularly of Mr. Price« litde tbinking bow soon be would 

be lost to bis :ßiends : a fortnight after I left bim« a snaket« wbich' 

bad crept into bis bed« bit bim« and be survired but a few bours« 

I em- 
• Abongidowisa buflding peculiar to IxidiB. It eontaiiu foor or six spadoui 
noiiuhaIi4aonefloor,witfalMidcandfiDimt Toindahs: ibeioofisthatcfaed; aad 
kt CBEttnal appeanmoe ia not unlike that of a large bam in England. It iibailt 
of bfick, or ^^pueka,** aa thenatiye termia oomctimca of bambooa and matting 
alooo; ■oditsprioeiaaboutfifteenliundiedrupeea. 

^ Theae nozioua xeptQca throughout India piore a ennatant aouiee of Unat 
and anno/anoe to the inhahitanta, and their Ute ftequanüy pioduoes fittpl 
qucooea. For ftuther Information on thia subject, vide Index«'* Serpewtt,** 


1 embarlLed in a large canoe, wliich, in ihree days and nights^ 
bmre me in safety to Cochin^ wbere my captain weloomed me with 
typen arms. 

Cochin belongs to the Dutch ; it Stands on the northem pennt 
of a long tongue of land^ nearly insulated, and bounded on die 
«ast by a creek of the sea^ wbich receives several streams. The 
entrance to its harbour is obstructed by a dangerous bar. It was 
formerly a place of considerable enunence^ but of late years bas 
fallen to decay. littk is done tbere at present^ ezoept in 
ship-building^ to wbich purpose it is admirably adapted> from the 
fadlity whicb it afibrds of procuring an abundant supply of good 
Makbar teak timber^ mastSj and spars ; the copper abeets^ nails^ 
and iron-ware^ are imported from Bombay. 

Wbat most attracts the notice of a stranger is^ the enormout 
sLse of the legs of the natives^ from which drcumstance, legs of 
a disproportionate size are^ in India^ called '' Cochin legs :" hun- 
dreds of poor wretches are seen here with legs swoUen to so enor- 
mous a si^e^ as more to resemble those of an elephant^ than any 
thing human. The disease of which they are indicative^ and 
which is ättrilmted^ but improperly, to the impurity of the water, 
bas never been known tb iSkct Europeans. 

Our vessel was launched with due eclat^ and named the 
2ephyr. We were' lionöured with the jnresence of the British 
Resident^ Mr. Money^ who^ with the other civilians^ the Bri- 
tish officers^ and the " Beaatf' of the Settlements afterwards 
partook of a cold collation with us. The ladies of .Cckihin are 
fair and fasdnating; some of them extremely handsome; .aäd 
most of them play the guitar with great taste and pathos; they 
are fond of the English ; and on the occasion of a wedding» the 
settlement is enlivened by dancing and reveky for a Mreek tpgetli«', 

At this period (1813) there was at Cochin a female maniae» 
remarkable for personal beauty and symmetry of foKsUj who fr&- 
quently contrived to elude the vigilance of her \&Bg&c9, and fly 
into the woods^ where she would disrobe herself^ and roam aboat 
in a State of complete nudity. She was so wary ^M'mfAam^^'ti^ 
low hc^rself to be caught^ and towards evening^ ini^b^sftbh 
retuming to her haunts with the fieetness of a deef. ' Occasio^H 
aUy she would venture hear the outskirts^c^ the town/ idoaid 
""foitastically with flowers. . When asked who fed her, ük 

E would 



would reply— <'^ The snakes and lizards of tlie forest ;" and^ in 
generale her answers were incoherent and misplaced. She was 
kidnapped^ at an early age^ from her parents at Goa^ and sold to 
slavery^ which misfortune was supposed to have been the cause 
of her malady. Unfortunate maid 1 let us hope that an eter^ 
nity^of happiness awaits thee in a better world^ to compensate 
thy wretchedness in this ! 

On our ship being rigged^ and ready for sea^ we set sail for 
Ceylon^ and in a few days^ came to an anchor in a.small bay to 
the east of Pomt de Galle^ called Beligaum, where we meant to 
harbour until the cargo of bullocks should be procured :-*-It was a 

<^ ■ w üd and breaker-beaten coast, 

With difis above, and a broad eandy ahore ; 

Guarded by shoals and rocks, as by a host, 
With here and there a creek, whose aspect wore 

A better welcome to the tempest tossM ; 
And larely ceas'd the haughty bOlows* roar, 

Save on the dead-long summer days, which make 

The outstretch'd ocean glitter like a lake.** 

. On the summit of a mountain overlooking the bay^ stood a 
vacant bungsjow^ of wbich^ with the permissiQn of the owner, 
who was at Galle^ we took possession^ An officer^ who was to 
relieve me^ having joined us, I here enjoyed, for three months, 
the pleasure of my esteemed captain's society, together with that 
of Captain Symes, a military officer, who was to take his passage to 
the Mauritius in the Zephjrr. Every moming, on tuming my 
waking eyes on the beams and rafters of our bungalow, I saw 
seipents, of a large si^e, creeping and winding over and about 
them. At first I was horror-struck at the sight ; but after a time 
they had ceased to terrify me, and at length became even familiär 
to the eye ; so that when I awoke, I used to look for them as objects 
of ooiurse, and leamt to distinguish my visitants one from another, 
both by the diversity of their speckies, black and green, and by their 
size; they twin^d round and round the rafters and beams, but I 
never knew one of them to fall upon or molest me. Here also, as 
at Prinoe of Wales' Island, the trees and bushes were illumined 
hy swarms of fire-flies, which presented, on a dark night, the 
grandest sight imaginable. It was my custom to stroll with my 
friends through the paddy-fields in the interior, and admire the 
verdure of the country, and the majesty of the silent forest; and 



often has tlie Uack aßoqpaH, iwo or tliiee ioehes in length« tvur^P 
ed towanLi us his deadly stiog;-"<atid tlie wild dephant^ tbe buf« 
falo^ or sanguinary tiger^ encroach ou our patb ; and here tbe 
boa^ and other enonnous aerpenta« fatal alike to man and beast^ 
migfat be aeen coiled beneadbi the bushes^ watching eagerly fbr 

In the afternoon^ after tbe taUe-doth bad been removed^ it 
was mj deligbt to stroll among tbe villagea alone> and observe the 
manners and customa of tbe people. One evening, a Cingaleae 
priest^ aa I pasaed bis bumble babitation^ built of bambooa> and 
covered with mats^ encouraged nie« by aignfl> to enter it. I re^ 
düj complied« and observed tbat every tbing in tbe interior cf 
tbe cot bore the marks of grea^ simplicity and neatness* His vife 
and datighter« a pretty Indian girl apparently about fourteen, 
were busied on a pieoe of coiton twist ; and in one comer of tbe 
room were two slave-giils spinning. Wbile tbe old man waa 
giviag me a draught of cocoa-nut milk« I could not but reverenoe 
his silvery baiiSy whicb, with his-.8ta£^ and long patciaichal 
beard« gave bim tbe appearance of a '' man of Qod." Surroundr 
ing objects toa disposed me to devotional feeling« and more than 
once I breathed a wish that« however dilBsrent migbt be tbe teneti 
of bis faitb from mine *, we sbould botb at last meet in tbe eteinal 
manmons of rest. I took leare of bim with evetj demonstration 
ofrespeet, regretting that our ignorance of each other's language 
psevented our conversing« • 

Ofben have I watohed the Indian> seated at the door of his but 
•— approacbed him— *o&red bim money ; be would xeceive it« but 
with a vacant staxe, and without emotion — ^no mmZ seemed tQ 
animate bim ; be appeared wrapt in apathy« intent alone on the 
indulg^noe of indolence and ease. The women« on the contzyuy« 
are vivadbos« and paxticularly well made ; their walk is dignified 
and graoeful« their bair is long and glo«^« .their eyes large» bhick« 
and ejyarkling, ioid their featuies bandsome. 

A few days previous to the Zephyr's dqnrture« two circumr 

s 2 stanoap 

• The religion of Ceylon k the ancient wonhip of Boodh, who is reported (o 
hftTe been bon there »beut one thousand jean before the biith of Clai9t* Mb 
Image appears with short and crisped hair, becaiise it is fabled that that effect 
was actnally pioduced by a golden sword with which he cat it The Cingalese 
are giossly Buperstitious, bclieving in soicery, witches, &c invoking lupematiinl 
agency, and luing spells and enchantments. 


stances occurred^ which I relate for the putpose ofediibitmg^ hy 
ooQträst^ the blessings enjoyed by those who live in a countrj not 
subject to similar disasters. 

About a mile from our bungalow was a small rivulet^ over 
wbich ijie trank of a tree bad been placed for the oonvenience o£ 
foot-passengers; tbis rivulet bad been crossed by our.captain at 
four o'dock in tbe evening, and at balf-past five the viUagers were 
aroused hy loud and pierdng shrieks Lnming from the spot : they 
quickly repaired to it^ but too late— a tiger bad seized a litüe 
gurl^ and bad succeeded in escaping with her into the woods ; her 
own brother^ a hoj about nine years of age> being an eye-witness 
of bis sister's tragical end. 

On another evening» loud voices were heard to proeeed from. 
the village^ and torches seen moving about m great numbers ; 
we repaired to the spot immediately^ and found the cause 
of alarm to be a large serpent^ which bad been the 
▼illagers in the act of seizing a young jackal, which the paonster 
could neither swallow nor disgorge ; writhing in agony (the jackal 
at the same time rending the air with cries)^ at last it fejl under 
the swords of its captors. The serpent's body was of the tbickneas 
of that of an in&nt a few months old : its length seventeen feet. 
The jackal died immediately on being released from its jaws. 

On the moming on which the Zephyr sailed^ I repaired on board 
to assist in getting her under weigh^ and it was not tili the ap- 
pearanoe of the shores in distance had wamed me to retum, that 
I bade my friends farewell^ and made for the land in a canoe ; a 
palanquin and bearers^ prevurnsly engaged, were in readiness to 
convey me to Point de Galle. The joumey was a delightfiil 
one ; the country, in every direction^ presented to yiew scenes 
«f nature untamed by art^ save here and there a few paddy- 
fields^ and some straggling huts. Forest and glen— *hill and 
dale— >ziyulet and torrent— the shady cocoa-tree^ the palrn^ the 
talipot-tree^ and stately tamarind — ^together with the gaudy 
plumage of the featheied tribe — ^form a oombination well cal« 
culated to afiect the heart, and to raise the mind to an enviable 
.State of admiration and delight. My pleasure, however^ was 
not unnuxed with apprehension^ that some unceremonious tiger, 
or boa, would pounce upon us^ and in that case my chanoe 


^i^nescape woulä liave been but small; tat in evety dtuation 
of dang^^ sudi as I am aupposmg, the bearen invaiiaUj üuow 
down thdr palanquin and take to their beels^ leaving its in« 
mate to sbift far bimself. It is lemarkaUe^ bowevarj tl^at in 
India a tiger will nerer caiücy off a European wben be can get 
bold of a natiye. 

No sooner bad I airived at Point de Galle^ tban I embazked 
for Calcutta^ in a brig just on tbe eve of sailing. Hie captain 
was an enterprising ybung officer, wbo, wbile a mere infiint^ waa 
cönveyed fiom bis native bind (tbe isbmd of Jeaey), by bia 
fttber^ and bad acquired tbe babits and appearance of an Asiatte; 
be spoke Cingalese^ and several otber oriental languagei!, with 
tbe äuency of a native. We sailed round tbe nordi«ea8t aide 
of Ceylon^ occasionally Standing dose in sbore, to tbe deligbt of 
all on board, and in four days came to an ancbor at Trinoomalee* 
Here we found tbe Britisb ganison in bigb spirits, in oonaequence 
of Wellington's successes^ and of die entrance of tbe alliea into 
Paris^ tbe intelligence of wbidi bad reacbed tbem but a day or 
two before. Tbey were« bowoTer^ suffering under tbe pestilential 
effects of ihe dimatej wbicb bad sbewn tbenudves in an alaiming 
manner, and bad become tbe inunediate caiises of frig^tful morta« 
lity among tbe Britisb oflSoei^ and-men in garriaon. 

After a pleasant passage of six weeks, I onoe more trod tba 
streets of Calcutta; \mt, alas ! wbat cbanges may a few '' little 
montbs" produce ! and bow frequently^ on retuming to a fixed 
abode> after a short absence^ is tbis trutb fatally impressed upon 
us! I found my esteemed Mend and patron^ Captain htm* 
heart, numbered witb tbe numberless dead; and Tas^it bad left 
Calcutta^ witb bis lovely bride, and one boy, ibe fruit of ibeir 
pnion, to superintend an indigo factoxy^ at some Station up tbe 
countryj but wbere I could not leam. Tbus was I deprived of 
two friends^ wbo^ a few montbs before^ bad proved tbenselres tbe 
props of my existence^ and on wbom rested tbe realiaadon of my 
f uture prospects. I^et me^ bowever^ indulge tbe bope^ tbat all en« 
deared ties^ connexions^ and virtuous friendsbipSj fonned on eat^j 
and on eartb divided^ may be renewed and matured '' in anotber 
and a better world." 

I was now comparatively ricb^ and rented a smaÜ bouse in 

K 3 ^ Jaun's 



Jaun's Bazar/' at four gbld moliurs * (£8) per montli^ ariil 
took Tassilfc's ftivourite sircar^ Moodoosooden Chetärjee, into Toy 
Service'. For some time I was divided in opinion as to wlie«' 
ther I sbould proceed td my old märkets^ Lingin and Minto^ as 
an officer> and wait patiently until fiirther successes in trade had 
increased my capital^ or at once pnrchase a brig^ and command' 
Her. I was at least ä Week in cönsidenng tbis matter, sometimes 
with my Jetsey friend, Captain Thomsen^^-Hxnnetimes alone, over 
a refresbing tumbler of ^' Brandy patvnif\" but most frequentl7 
wben enj63ring tbe fragrant sweets of tbe bookab;]:, to fbe viYi- 
fying charmä of wbicb I fäncied myself indebted, if not for tbe 
hest of my ideas, at least for tbe abundance of tbem. At length 
I dedded on tbe purcbase of a brig, and told Moodoosooden Cbe^ 
tarjee to look out for one, tbe price of wbicb was not to exceed 
four tbousand rupees §, or five bundred pounds. 

Moodoosooden Gbetarjee was, as I before said, a sedäte-looking 
youtb ; bis ^t and manner bad even an air of sanctity, nmdi 
keigbtened by bis dress, a garment of fine linen fblded loo&äj 
ö¥€ir Hm, and banging down to bis sandaled fe^t, Jiis türban 
beihg of rieb muslin. On bis entrance be would make bis sedam 
by raising bis bands, in a graceful curve, to bis forebead, touch- 
ing it tbree times^-^^' Weil, Moodoosoodeh/' I would exdaim, 
*' wbat news tbis moming ?" — £Wilii empbasis.]— '* All tbe best 
news, my lord !"—.*' Wbat is it, Moodoosooden ?" — *' Notbing, 


• GoM mohur, a gold coin, not always of the same value, but in general about 
fiileen or sixteen sicca rupees. 

*f Brandy and water. 

X f he coGt of a hookah oomplete is at least two hundred rupees (£26). The 
tobacco is fint deaned, dien cut up, and mashed with plantain, or other froits, 
into a cake ; this, scented with musk, otto of roses, or other perfumes, is so be- 
witdüng to the smell, as almost to tempt the palate. I have heaid that g^ls in 
Bngland sometimeft nibble Windsor soap, and to them this delidous Compound 
would btf a treat. The hookah-stand, usually of cut glass, is nearly füll of pure 
water, through which the tobacco is drawn ; it then enters a snake, or tube, firom 
twelve to fifteen feet long, the end of which, tipped with a mouth-piece, is ho- 
Boured by being received into the '' white man's*' mouth, who, to sit with the 
lequired dignity, must Stretch out bis legs as fai as he well can, over, and if pos- 
sible, right across the table. The mouth-piece is about five inches in length. 
If bdong^g to a native of rank, or wealthy merchant, it is extremely cosdy, 
being of gold, set with diamonds and other predous stones. The price of a 
hookah ci this kind, with the snake and its acoompaniments on a corresponding 
Bc^le of magnificence, is known often to exceed a lack of rupees (£12,500). 

§ The rupee is of silver, and varies in valüe according to the part of India in 
which it is coined. Its general value is two Shillings and sixpence. 


my lard!" This odd repty at ütnt gave disappomtment toi] 
hopes ; and it \ra8 not until I got used to Moodoosooden's maiiiier^ 
that I oould suppress thfe curiosity wHch bis mode of answering 
was calculated to excite. In generale indeed^ as tnaj well be 
imagined^ the natives puzzle Europeans, fresh from theit natiTe 
8oil. Once^ for instanoe^ on a free tradei^B axrival off Diamoiid 
Harbour, from Europe^ a baboo * having come on board^ with 
bis attendants^ to make bis salam to tbe oommandeTj was ad« 
dtessed witb — ^'^ Well^ Rameonnyj £all flocking round bim[] 
wbat news in Calcutta ?"— '' Ob^ bad^ very bad newSj my 
lord r— « Wbafs tbat? Ict's bave it."— ''Ob, Cohnd FarbU, 
master, kill one croret blaek, and plentj wbite man, erery 
day," to tbe consternation of all.^ — " Indeed !" said tbe pilot ; 
" tbat must bare liap'pened tben, since Tve come down/* AH 
were pretty well puzzled in endeavouring to ascertain wbo tbis 
desperate feGlow-— '' Cohnel Forbis/' could be ; be was at lengtb 
disoovered to be a personification of tbe cholerä morbus^ wbidi 
bad just tbeii made its appeaiance, and was raging with fatal 

On anotber occasion, an English gentleman, wbo was gcnng 
on a Visit for a few days to a fiiend ät Hoogbly, left bis bungalow 
at Alqppe, in tbe cbarge of bis sircar, with strict directions to 
write, sbould any tbing bappen. A day or two bad scarcely 
elapsed ere a letter came frorn blackee, wbo probably wrote from 
tbe dictionaiy, indited verbatim as foUows :— - 

" My dear fiiend— -We all wait you : come tbis day-— tbe shut- 
tei^ got quite abroad, and a nuUity tbereabouts; last night they 
had very great palpitation-^-Come directly. From yourloving 
fiiend and servant, Ramcunnt Bottbbjba." 

On tbe receipt of tbis important epistle, tbe gentleman re« 

E 4 peired 

* The baboos of Calcutta are a very useful class of penons ; their biuinaa ib 
to dkpose of the investments of European traden, to make purchases for them 
In the bazar, and, in fehort, to provide all their neoessaries. They indeed, by 
their superior skill in the axt of over-reaching, levy a duty on their employer 
beyond what he expected to be called upon to pay ; but if they cheat him, they 
take care that no one eise shalL The baboos of the lower description (or sircars), 
wHh the vieW of getting into their power any young European, firesh fincon £u- 
rope, readily oome forward with advances of cadi ; in which case they seldom fail 
to reaüze a handaome interest on thdr money, charging an enonnoiu piofit of 
seventy-five or a hundred per cent. on every artide fumi^ed. 

t One hundied lacks of rupeei. 


pidred tb Aleppe, and fbund th^t the shuttera of his bungaii 
had indeed had a '^ very great palpitation/' for a hurricane liad' 
blown them completely off tHe hinges ; and moreover^ ihey haA 
gone " quite abroad/' or^ in other words^ were blown to the db* 
tance of twenty or tbirty yards from the bouse. As for ihe 
" nullity tbereabouts^" he interpreted tbat to refer to the bar& 
appearaxM» of tbe walls. 

One eveningy Moodoosooden entered^ witb a bearer * bebind 
him> carrying a süperb brass-mounted mah(^any writing-^desk, 
and requested my acceptance of it. Having presented it^ be said 
l^e bad succeeded in selecting a brig just tben for sale^ Wbicb be 
tbought wonld suit me. — " Sbe was/' be added^ ^^ registered at 
one bundred and twenty-five tons^ Cbittagong built ; ber piios 
four tbousand rupees (five bundred pounds)^ and was tben lying 
in tbe river Hoogbly. I baye besides^ my lord/' resumed Moodoo« 
sooden^ " engaged a rieb freigbt for you for Madras^ Pondicherry, 
and Ceylon^ tbe produce of wbicb/' be added, " will more than 
defiray tbe cost and outfit of tbe vessel and crew." — ^^ WeU^ Mbo« 
doosooden, this is good newd ; to-morrow moming I will go witb 
you to see tbe vessel." — " But tbat/' Moodoosooden rejoined^ " is 
not all ; I bave secured you a good syrang t and tyndal j ■ ' * 
'' Stay^ Moodoosooden^" I replied ; " first, let us purcbase tbe 
vessel^ tben secure tbe crew." To tbe propriety of tbis Moo- 
doosooden assented^ observing — " He was sure I sbould be ayeiy 
rieb man^ for my fingers were unusually long." 
. Having engaged an experienced surveyor to accompuny me^ we 
repaired togetber on board tbe brig^ and Moodoosooden joined 
US at gun-fire || tbe following moming. Tbe vesselj on exami« 
nation, being found well calculated^ in every respect^ for an 
Eastem trader, an attomey was engaged to inspect tbe ti^le- 
deedß^ and draw tbe deed of sale. Having paid tbe purcbase* 
money> I engaged my freigbt^ and commenced receiving cargo 
tbe same week^ witb all tbe energy and spirit wbicb tbe no- 
yelty of tbe undertaking could inspire me witb. Nigbt and day 
all on board was a seene of bustle and activity ; we were taldng 
in ballast» laying mats round tbe sides, and at tbe bottom of the 
hold ; reoeiyiag rioe^ wheat, and bale goods^ and stowing them 



• A'palanquin-I^eaier, or meüIaL f Boatswain. $ His mate. 

II i e. at day-lighu 



ftWay. Contmually were we 8urioun4ed hy paundhw&ys*; untfl 

the brig was laden up to the very beams, and oould reedTe no 

more. The freigHt paid at Calcutta deared the oost and outfit d 

the yessel, as well as f our months' advance to the crew^ whidi 

oonsisted of two Portugüeae secunniesf» one syrang, who was a 

xaussulmaun^ two tyndals (Mahomedans), and sixteen lascars}^ oC 

dififerent casts. An European officer would, I oonsidered, entail 

on me an expence beyond what my means were likely to afford« 

and on ihat account I dedined reoeiTing one ; I was therefore the 

only European on board. My nezt object was to get the vessel 

insured. I found that^ as she had only one deck, she could not 

he insured " free of average/' but '' against risk" only; oons»- 

quently, if she should be toialfy loft, I should recovery but not in 

the case of damage. I tried to reverse this usage^ and to get her 

insured " free of average^" but in vain : it was impossible under 

any premium. Nothing discouraged, I supplied myself with a 

good dhronometer^ (a quadrant I had); a chart of the Indian 

Ocean> Horsburgh's Directory^ with a oompass or two ; and thua 

equipped, I obtained my port-dearance, and reoeived on boaid 

my püot. All being now ready for sea^ Moodoosooden Che« 

tar}ee> whose exertions on this occasion mented my wannest 

praiste, received, with apparent satisfaction^ a present of one 

hundred rupees> and acoompanied me to the ghaut (or landing« 

place)^ invoking the blessings of the Prophet on my head, and 

. .praying that he would mak^ me very rieh. 

; Before I proceed in my narratiTOj I cannot avoid remarldng 

•how lamentable it is, that one can hardly move a step on fair In« 

^ia's shore^ without having the feelings outraged^ or the eye of« 

fended, by the savage exhibition of her barbarous superstitions 

and customs. Thus^ when we reached the ghaut> we found 

a miserable^ shrivelled old woman^ whcfse natural life was appa- 

rently near its dose^ lying at low-water mark^ with her feet to- 

wards theriver^ looking moumfuUy and in despair around her^ 

and waiting only for the rise of tide to cover her from the wodd 

for ever. Her mouth and nostrils were nearly stu&d with mud ; 

and^ incredible as it may appear^ it was by her own children that 

she was left in that condition^ and doomed to that &te. Having 


• BotttsfinrtheooQTeyiuiceofcurgo. 
t Quaiter«]iui8tei«. X SoiloiSi 


plaoed her theve^ they went away^ leaving a domestic of the &- 
mily to watch^ and to prevent any ohe from interferiRg with her. 
I asked Moodoosooden the reason of this^ and if her fate could not 
be prevented ? — ^^ She might/' I added^ " yet recover, if carried 
home> and prc^r attention were paid her ; or^ if not> it would be 
an act of mercy to let the poor old creature die peaceably in her 
bed." — '^ It is, my lord/' replied Moodoosooden^ ^' the custom : if 
it is not her fate thus to die^ she will get up and retum home ^ 
but if she cannot do that^ her time is come^ and nothing can 
protract it. The waters of the Hooghly," he added^ ** will pu- 
lify her spirit^ and fit her to enter Paradise : hundreds die thus 
every day."— '' Why do not the police look to it, Moodoosoo« 
den ?"— *' The police/* he rejoined, *' do not interfere with mat- 
ters of our religion." It was only the same moming, when, being 
ät a dififerent ghaut, and seeing a crowd of natives, who were 
fbrming a drde, and making a loud noise, to the sound of the 
tum-tum, I ventnred to look in, and observe what was going for« 
ward. In the midst of the drcle was a niiddle-aged female, who^ 
having been wrought to a pitch of extraordinary exdtement, prob- 
ably by drugs, was wringing her hands and dancing in a wild 
frantic manner : at h^ feet was placed a eistem of red-hot ehar- 
coal, before whidi she ifirst lay prostrate, and in the height of her 
frenzy, three times, for two or three seconds at a time, pressed her 
£iee dosely on the fire, to the delight and admiration of the sor« 
rounding crowd, testified by the clapping of hands, and by discor- 
dant fihouts and yeUs. She was taken up in a senseless State, and 
conveyed home in a palanquin. I could just see enough of her 
face to feel regret that my curiosity had prompted me to look at it 
at all. 

I must not omit to mention a circumstance which, for its sin« 
gularity, obtained great notoriety at the time in Calcutta. A 
fdck Hindoo youth, dqprived of the use of bis limbs, was left at 
the verge of the banks of the river Hooghly, at low water, ap- 
parently doomed to inevitable destruction. The waters rose— co- 
vered bis feet — approached bis neck — ^his chin— bis mouth — ^when, 
at that moment, alieutenant of one of the Company's cruixers, who 
was an eye-witness from bis ship, which lay close in shore, of the 
youth's perilous Situation, and was actuated by the best of feelings 
for a feUow-creature in imminent peril, manned bis boat with a 

X chosen 


chosen few of Eurqpeam, rescued the yoatli bom a bazbann» 
deatli^ in spite of a formidäble host of nativesi colleeied witk 
missiles aad othfr weapomi to oppose him^ and oönveyed bim on 
board bis ship. Under proper treafcment tbe youtb reco^ered^ and 
lived to rewaid Ins bene£u;tor^ hy proving io bim a iGutbful and 
diligent servant. 

To proceed witb mj naxratiye. I was now to sml as captain 
and owner^ and was perbaps tbe youngest Commander tfaat erer 
conducted a vessel oat of tbe port of Cakutta, not baving tbea 
attained my ei^teentb jear. My otber disadvantages were hf 
no means sHgbt: I bad tbe command of fofseigDm, witb wbose 
language I was but imperfectly acqnainted^ and wbo, witb one 
ezception^ bnew absobitely notbing of miae. My knowledge, 
bowever/of Bengallee was suffident to enable me to issoe die ne» 
oessary Orders wiüioiit difficul^, and tbe hebimirian I oommanded 
in Poi^tuguese. 

Airived off tbe Sand-beads, tbe pilot bade me iarewell, gallant-^ 
ly refosing tbe castomary present of fifty rupees {£6 : 5b.), le- 
marldng — '^ You are bat beginning tbe world, and will requiie 
tbem yourself ;" an instance of disinterestedness bigbly bonour-^ 
able to bim, and gratifying to my ftelisigs, bot sach as could 
scarcely bav« been expected, e?en in 6ne of a raoe of men piover« 
btally generous. 

. The weight of responsibility attached to tbe oommand of a ship 
at sea, is extremdy beäyy;^— indeed^ so oj^essive to tbe nünd, as 
scarcely to be oonceiTed by tliose wbo bare not feit it. Tbe va- 
luable cargo, and stiU more valnable Hves under my care, were 
eonstantly, as it were, before my mind's eye, and kept me un- 
ceasingly ontbe watcb for nigbts tqgetber, wben all on board*, 
except tbe Portuguese at tbe beim, weze buiied in quiet and pro> 
found dumber; wbenf-« 

^ E'en the stats did wink, as 'twerei with OTerwatching," 

tben would I, and I alone, feel deprived of tbe power to sleep, and 
pace tbe deck, shrouded in anxiety and care. 

To anxiety and care, bowever, I bad one antidote, baving pro- 


• It may be necessary here to observe, that in the steady breezes of the trade- 
winds and monsoons, a veaaeL frequently sails for däys together, without the ne« 
cessity of either a rope or sul being moved, no person's Services being in requisi- 
tion but those of the h^msman, ind of the officer in comtnand. 


ridßä mjrself with my favourite authors^ Milton, Shakspea»^ 

Oddsmitfa^ Aildison> Sterne, and Thomson ; together witli tlie 

aovels 6f Melding and SmoUett. It has often Struck me, that s ' 

concuirence of drcumstances more favourable to. reading, cannot 

well take place, than that in which a penon'finäs liiiQself, wben 

aeated to leeward, on board a sbip sailing in the Indian Ocean^ 

alxmt the cloie of day, with tHe wind a little befbre the beam, the 

breeze refreshing the spirits, and the foam-crowned surge rushing" 

by* Such a combination soothes the mind, tends to relieve cäre, « 

and to diarm die soul into a-belief of happiness posseased ; thea 

does thou^t oveileapits earthly boundary, and anticipate a futurs 

State of ezifltence. This then was my relaxiation in the evernng, 

until natuire withdrew her light. After an interval I watched 

with delight, either the waves, as they assumed a silvery bright* 

ness from the rising moon, or the planets and stars, now grown 

fanuliar to me, as they rose and set. The benefits of sdencd like* 

wise engaged my thoughts ; and, in the actüal and immediate en« 

joyment of the uae of the needle, ihe Chronometer, the qüadrant, 

and the invention of logarithms, which enabled me to shape my 

course through the deep waters, I feit intensely grateful for.them. 

In sailing along the coast of Coromandel, 6om the northward, 

the onlj. relief . afforded to the eye from the harren appearance of 

its Sandy beach, and the dreary aspect of its inhospitable shore, 

with the exception of now and then a pagoda*, rearing its tower- 

ing head, is the view of the töwns of Ganjam, Vizagapatam, and 

Masulipatam. The latter is oelebrated . for the excellence of its 

snuff j and at Vizagapatain are manu&ctured very neat and inige« 

nious ivory work-boxes, mounted with ebony, and iplaid with 

sandal wood ; they are sold for ten or fifteen pagodas f each ; and 

are usually bought up as piesents for Europe. To the north of 

Madras, off Pulicat, there is a dangerous shoal, called Pulicat« 

shoal ; it prqjects out to sea for some^ miles, and I was particukr« 

ly careful to give this fatal spot a wide birth : we passed it in 

the night; and on the moming of the foUowing day, the ilag-staff 

of Fort St. G^rge, and the ships at anchor in Madras roads, ap- 

peared in sight. At two o'dod: I came to an anchor in eight fa- 


• A place of worship of die Uindoos. 

fAitur.pigodaisagold oofn of the value of three and aOialf B«. or about 
dght shiUings English money. « 


^oms WBter; and aboat Coming cß, I went on abon^ to male 
ihe necessaxy anangements to disembark wj frd^t, lemiig mf 
▼essel in charge of an active and intelligent Portogpua» aKmtnie^ 
wbo spoke a little £nglish> and was a clever aeamann 

The difficülty and^ not unfrequently« äie danger of landing at 

Madras are great^ fiom thetremendflüs saif> which, gathering 

strength as it approaches the beach^ breaks« at tbe distance of a 

mile^ and in boisterous weather, even a mÜe and a balf/fiom the 

ahore. Boats'of a particular oonstructionj calkd masoolah-boats» 

are inade expresslj for this Service ; the parts connecting the sidea 

and'bottom of which are sewed together with'ooir* yam^ not a 

nail being used. They are thns well adapted to their purpose» 

yielding to the violent shod» which they reoeive^ both at sea and 

on touching ground. They are each about fifteen feet long, and 

seven wide^ and manned by six Indijatis' and a ^leoanan. No 

sooner were we in the midst of the surf^ than on looking bdiind, 

I saw a tremendous sea advandng, rising to a height which aa» 

tonished me, and gaining strength every moment: before us 

appeaiances were equally threatening^ We weie soon overtaken 

by the wave behind^ which lifted us up on its bosom to an im« 

mense height> roaring and sending us onwaid with the. 'swiftnesa 

of lightning ; the Indians jabbering All the while, as if they were 

alarmed— '^ Yeal-hee, yeal-hee! yeal-kee, yedUhee ! Y*,- Thii 

scene, tenific as it was; .pipved to the steerfimanvbut the soene of 

his '' vooation ;"• and he did .not /forget the reward in piospect, 

but asked for a icür^ or preatot.. This was peibapa bis policy; 

he thought, thatat 8uch"a momentj I cbuld not refuse him« 

Another tremendous sea foUowed^ lifting us up still higher« and 

impelHng us forward with great vekxdty« untU the finre part of the 

boat took the ground ;t8he then swiftly^wheeled round on.her 

beam^nds. Then it is that the danger is most imminent^for the 

next sea ahnest instantly strädhg the^ side of therboat^.per« 

haps upsets it« when it not' un£reque^tlylhap|)^:thät one or 

two lives are lost. In our case« the boat« when Struck« tumed 

very nearly over; but being« though a young man« an old saibr, 


• Coix, 10 caUed, is tfae huak of the oocoft-nut, which bong deaned, leayet 
nothmg bixt fibres, that aze made into lope, which is used as tHat ^'hcmp, 'uid 
in tfae dry season is little infetior« 

t Word« of encouzagemeiit, similar to oux '^ hunah !** 


l held OQ by'the weather-gutiwale^ until succeisiye fieas tfareior 
her '^ high and diy" on die beach. Palanquins without number 
were loady to leceive me^ and stepping into one^ I was in a few 
minutes at the Navy Hotel. 

Madras^ as seen from the sea, has an imposiiig^ sihewy appear- 
ance ; presenting a oontinued line of süperb buildings^ with a 
penstyle of many columns in front of the verandahs along the 
beach. In the rear of these buildings Stands the " TSAack Town/' 
so caUed firom its being the residence of the native population. 
The noble appearance of the houses fronting the beach is height- 
ened by a composition^ made from sea-shells^ and called ckunam, 
with which they are plastered. It is very durable^ and when 
kept clean and entire^ rivals Parian marble itself^ and gives to 
the ccdonades^ and indeed to any building to which it is applied^ a 
iustre which^ reflected by the sun's rays^ produces an e&ct 
splendid in the extreme. As to Black Town, it is nothing 
more than a mass of mean houses and -huts, jumbied to- 
gether with '* most adnnred discnrder:" an earthquake could 
scarcdy produce more chaotic confiision. The Government House 
is a handsome edifice, but not imposing in appearance ; nor will 
it bear a comparison with the Government House of Calcutta. It 
is situated about a mile and a half to the southward^ of Fort St. 

The govemor, the nulitary officers, civilians, and merchants, 
reside in garden-houses, at a conveoient distance from Black 
Town, whither they usually resort in the dajrtime, for the tran»- 
action of pubHo or private business. Ther6 the merchants have 
their offices, and there, in large rooms built for the purpose, the 
shopkeepers dlsplay to the best advantage their goods, böth Eu- 
ropean and oriental. After the business of the day is terminated, 
usually about three o'dock, the merchants retüm to their gardens, 
dress, and before dinner take a ride on thecarriage-roads, of whidi 
the principal, caUed Mount-road, is the most frequented. The 
garden-houses of Madras, with their accompaniments, are, in 
point of eleganoe, taste, and rural beauty, nearly as captivating 
as Grarden Reach, near Calcutta. 

Having been fumished by my agents in Calcutta with letters 
of introduction to Messrs. Ärbuthnot, De Moiite, & Co. of Ma- 
dras, I was favoüred by these gentlemen with invitations to dinner 




at tbeir garden-houses^ wheie eveiy thing axtland me bore tbe 
marks of luxurious splendour and rare knagnifioence. My es- 
perienoe here proved to me that nothiog can ezceed the gaiety of 
Madras society. The fortzess is separated from the town by an 
esplanade outside the gates : it Stands on the sea shore^ and pta» 
sents six fronts towarda the land. Its dep6ts of anns are spacioui ; 
and^ with a good garrison^ k is considered capahle €i£ holding out 
for a length of time against any anny that could he hron^t 
against it. The accommodations for the military offioers and sol« 
diers doing duty in Fort St. George are of a very superior des- 

The business of emtering my vessel at the custom«house, and 
making preparalions for laoding my freight, being settled, I re^ 
tttmed to the hotel. No sooner was I seated in a spadous roam^ 
. «dSbrding a pleasaQt prpspect of Fort St. George, and of the espla« 
nade in fronte than a bevy of dubashes * surrounded me, eadh 
eager that his Services shoold be acoepted. At the recommenda« 
üon pf the master of the hotel, I seleeted one, named Koondar 
Gruar; he was a tall stately personage, intensely Uack ; thiou^ 
his nose he wore a large gold ring; and his fingers were 
00 vered with massy rings of the same predous metal, some of them 
.set with topazes, pearls, and emeralds. Qf his mustachios, whidi 
^ere enonnously hirge, he seemed not a little vain, for he was 
jcontinually smoothing them upwards with his fore^finger and 
thumb. He commented, in glowing terms, on the luxnxy of 
having the fingers jointed, the ears deaned, and the nails paired, 
before dinner|*and recommended me to undergo these Operations, 
alleging that it was the cust&m, and very refreshing. Before I 
could well make a reply, an active little personage, also with a 
ring through his nose, began to pull my fingers, and made each of 
them crack to pretty quick time, and not without pain ; he then, 
wil^out ceremony, kid hold of my head with his two hands, 
tumed it round, introduoed a small instrument into my ear, and 
deaned it out, almost before I was aware what he was about ; to 
ibß other, he did the same : when he had finished, he plaoed his 
thumb inside the ear, and on withdrawing it, contrived, by some 
manoeuvre, to produce a noise not unlike the report of a pop-gun, 
and nearly as loud. Then, taking my dieeks between his two 


• Simlliur to tbe baboo« of BengBl. 


banAi^ he saddenly twisted my nebk over my right sbouUer^ and 
'with such quickness and violence^ that I ahnost inu^ined a dislo- 
oation to have been produced. I had little time^ howevery to 
oonsdder^ for the indefatigable Operator twirled it round again^ 
jüst as ezpeditiously on the other side ; I was about to testify Tay 
dislike to these Operations^ when> with a sudden jerk^ he restored 
my head to its natural position ; and while I was doubting whe- 
ther it was safe or not^ he made a very low bow^ holding out his 
hand for a box (or present), Koondar Gruar and his attendants^ 
aU the whüe,' Standing by and looking on with great gravity. I 
told Koondar Gruar to give him five Janams*, but> skilful as he 
was^ resolved never again to put myself under his hands. 

Another Operator then m&de his appearance^ having in one 
hand, an instrument for paring my nails, and in the other, a pair 
of enormous tweezers ; but I immediately arrested his progresB^ 
by telling Koondar Gruar " it was my intention to take that 
trouble upon myself;" and added, " send all these attend^nts 
away-— I want nobody at present but yourself." On this, tbey 
were all, with an important show of bustle on the part of my 
dubash> tumed out of the room. Soon, however, they retumed^ 
slily, one by one> until the room, in a few minutes, was as fuU aa 
ever. Whüe I was asking Koondar Gruar if he could procuie 
me any freight for Pondicherry and Ceylon, in came a ma^> 
bearing on his Shoulders no less ä personage than the celebrated 
'^Dtimno^rA:," adwarf, Standing hardly twenty-three inches hi^^ 
but having a head as large as that of a grown up person. It ap* 
peaied that he had many years before made a voyäge to England^ 
under the care of the captain of an Indiaman, who reaped a rieh 
harvest by the exhibition of him ; but whether Dumnakurk him« 
seif profiited by the trip, I did not ascertain. On his retum to 
his native country, the arrows of Gupid made great havock in the 
breast of the little hero, who married the object of his affections, 
and in 1814, was the father of seventeen children, all of then 
grown up to perfeet manhood. He danced before me with infinite 
glee and good humour, holding out his little hand, or rather fin, 
singing — " Dumnakurk, Dumnakurk, give little Dumnakurk" untü, 
beckoning Koondar Gruar, I told him to give Dumnakurk twenty 
fanams. Scaicely had ]>umnakurk mounted on the back of (as I 


• JB|nam> a sUver ooin, wortb »bout twopence haUpenny. 


tibdentood) one A{ his sohs, disappeared, thaii a juggler squättej 
IiinUelf down befare me, and, mthout waidng for a signal to be-' 
pc, first introduced into bis mouth a sword, the blade of nUch 
WM aixut twenty incliei in length, and one broad, and thence up 
to the very hilt into hü atoniBch ; then dinwing it out suddenlj, 
threw it down at my feet. Of thia, and of other feats of leger- 
demain, such as spitdng fire, balancing hy means of the mouth, 
tfaiowiog balls, &c those who have seeh Üie celebrated " Ramd 
Santee" in Enghmd, may form an idea; but this juggler by faf 
suipassed Bamo Samee in hifi conduding feat ; for he ActuaUy 
innxd upwards, with apparent pain, and held in. his two handi, 
at the distance irf seren inches firom his mouth, a gut, vrbich aftef 
the lajpBe of a second or two, he replaced. I Btood within two 
feet of him at the time, and was convinced that do deception 
could be reiorted to. In this convictioQ I was afterwards con- 
firmed, by the teBtimony of many of my otra countiyiuen, old 
soJDurnen in India, who assured me it was a feat which had be- 
come rery common with jugglers, but which was diacredited 
t^ medical men in Kng^aSd, and even in India, until, of late, 
bcular demonstiation compelled the latter to admit as a fact, what 
had before appeared to them alt<^ther ibpracticable, and un- 
worthy of belief. Thls ^iquidte treat, howeTcr meiitorious it 
might appear in the eyes of the surrounding natives, produced a' 
quahnish Sensation on my stomach ; so telling Koondar Omar ta 
give the juggler five fänams, I dismissed Um, once more order- 
ing Ute room to be deared. My order was apparently obeyed 
with alacrity, and I was ahout to congratulate myaelf on having 
göt rid of these offidous viötonts, when, on looUng round, I saw 
one man still remaining, and (as he supposed) artfiiUy concealed 
behind a screen. On inquiring his buBiness, he produced ironl 
beneath his vest a small box, in which was a black Bcorjnon of 
an enormous size ; he next csllcd my attention to' a stone of about 
the nse and shape of a Iddney bean, eulogizing its virtue, ai 
capable of extracting the deadly venom of the reptile'a sting ; 
and to convince me of the tnith of his aasertion, permltted thö 
Scoipion to sting his fore finger, which bled pro&sely, and immti- 
diately cwelled. The stone, on being sf^Ued lo the wound, stuck 
on for the space of a minute, and then feil off, exhibtting a gnseii 
inark about the spot which had been in contact with the wonnd^ 


«nd Irving ihe finger apparently healed : him I dismused. witb 
a pres^nt of three fanams. A gentle knocking at the door now 
drew mj attention to a new intrusion. A man^ with a basket 
fnll of " dandng serpents/' of a large and rare kind^ souglit ad- 
xnittance : but mj patience being exhausted> I posdtivelj forbad 
bis entrance^ ielling Koondar Gruar tbat I came to bis country 
not in purguit of curiodties or pleasure^ but on business. " Ah> 
master/' be repUed, " I know you wbite man all got dbver 
bead : no tbink pleasur^^ tbink more bigb !" 

All tbe freigbt I bad on board for Madras was soon landed ; 
and I was bappy wben Koondar Gruar assured me be could pro- 
cure plenty for Pondicberry» I was aware tbat a fortune was to 
be niad9> if at all^ by extraordinary exertion and activity^ and bj 
tbese alone« Day after ä&j, tberefore^ myself^ my dubasb^ and 
my crewj were indefatigably engaged in landing and sbipping 
eargo ; and during my stay at Madras^ but few bours were de- 
Yoted to tbo indulgence of ease^ or of otber pleasure tban dnty. 
Tbe mean^i wbicb I possessed of enjoying many bappy bours, were 
amplsj from tbe circumstance of mj baving becpme acquainted 
witb some of my feUow-countrymen, wbose fiiendsbip and agree- 
able sooiety baye, to tbis day^ left an indelible impisession on my 
beart. Our acquaintance began tbus : — ia tibe botel was a bilüard-^ 
tablcj at wbicbj entering tbe room> I found two gentlemen 
busily ei^pged, — tbe one^ a distlnguisbedGenouiinercbant, named 
Endtfiddy just arrived from Padang, on tbe West Coast of Su- 
matraj and wbo was tben on bis way to Bengale to conduct two 
of bis daugbters bome from boarding-scbool ; and tbe otber, • a 
Captain Harcourt^ commanding a brig. A young lieutenant of 
tbe armyj named Bowers, and two lieutenants of tbe nayy> wbom 
I afterwards found to be brotbers^ were standing round tbe table^ 
takjng great interest in tbe game. Englisbmen^ in a foreign 
country« need no better introduction to eacb otber^ tban tbat of 
moving ip tbe same spbere of society ; so tbat we all soon became 
acquainted : bottled ale (esteemed a great luxury in tbe £ast) 
circulated witb rapidity^ and an acquaintance in England^ of 
twenty years standing, could scarcely bave made us better friends. 

Endtfield was aman of about forty-five years of age, apparently 
of a serious tum of mind, and of deep redection, of wbicb quali- 
ties« indeed, bis countenance bore indications. He was fond of 



amrerdng <m raatters of reügion; and possessed^ to all appeaf^ 
ances, a warm heart and amiable feelings. Bowers and fiarcourt) 
on the contraiy^ were young and gay^ and füll of spirits^ each po^ 
sessing a ready and agreeablo wit : the two sailord, whose names 
were John and Richard Burjen^ were dashing lieutenants^ fresh 
from ship-board^ and readj for any enteiprise whatever^ whethef 
ofiering a^ohance of fiin> or of danger : the eider biother höwevef 
exhibited on bis brow the eridences of a cast of reflec^ion^ which 
occasionall;^ inteifermg with the display pf bis natursdly convivial 
disposidon^ would relieve itself with a sigh. With tbese friends 
I enjoyed^ whenever the duties of my vessel afibrded me an oppor« 
tunity^ some happy and delightfbl hours. I esteemed them all^ 
but especially the two broihers : there was a sympathy of soul 
among U8> on all subjects connected with thought and sentiment; 
Often would we walk together, arm in arm^ on the sandy beach of 
MalalMU% while the dlveiy moon lit our footsteps — ^the balmy 
sweets of a verdant country^ wafied in odoriferous and gentle gales^ 
enchanted our senses ; — and the hoUow roarings of the surge height« 
encd the pleasing grandeur of the scene^ and inspiied in our breasts 
a Sensation pleasingly awful and subHme. Then would we talk 
of our aatiye land— of tliose inost dear to us in it ; and still add 
another hope to thousands^ that a time would come when we 
diould there all meet ha^nly onoe again. The expanse of ocean 
"«-^the bloe avohed finnament^ doudless and adomed with stars and 
briUiant constdlations— the surrounding country^ teeming with 
objects new to us^ and the race who inherit it, would also be our 
themes, until our thoughts rose to the munificent Creator of the 
whole ! — the Incomprehennble ! expression then failed, and wci 
would cönclude our walk, absorbed in profound and silent ad« 
miration» Thrice happy hours ! never to be obliterated from my 
memory : the recollection of them, even to this dayi aflbrds nie 
lelief whenever I am sad ! 

These gentlemen and myself having reeeived from a Portuguese 
merehant, of the name of Rutter, invitations to bis garden-house, 
sttuated about four or five miles from Madras, it was agreed, that 
with him we should take a fieffewell dinner, previously to my de« 
parture. To this excellentman I had deUrered some freight from 
Oalcutta, and he was good enough to shew me every possible atten- 
tion duxing my stay at Madras. On the evening agreed upon^ we. 

v2 CTgaged' 


engaged three gigs to be in readiness for us hy five o'eloek ; and nt 
about Halfan hour, we started; but our joumey thither and back 
was replete witb disasters. In the first place^ Mr. Endtfield^ whe 
drove Captain Haroourt^ could not make bis borse proceed a single 
Step ; tbe application of tbe wbip only caused tbe obstinate animal 
to retrograde. A fresb borse was procnied^ wbicb evinced as eager a 
desire to run away> as tbe otber bad sbown an inclination not to go at 
all. Tbese difficulties were scarcely surmounted, wben Bowers bad 
tbemortification to discover, tbat bis dress regimental coat (wbicli, 
by tbe way^ was a new one) was soiled nearly all over witb lamp 
block, witb wbicb tbe inside of tbe gig was very Hberally daubed : 
amd almost at tbe same time^ tbe gig in wbicb tbe two lieutenants 
were going at a pretty quick rate^ or^ as tbey termed it^ " before 
tbe wind*/' aiddenly stopped^ tbe eldest bawling out — *^ A-hoy 
iherel — I've Sprung a leak, d'ye see;" and true enougb^ one of the 
Springs bad given way^ and tbrown' tbe body of tbe gig into a 
transverse position : tbey bowever galloped on, saying — ^^ Never 
mind ! its only a lurck lo leeward, tbat's all !" to tbe surprise of 
tbe passers-by^ wbo enjoyed tbe accident> believing it to be an in<» 
tentional freak of tbe two sailors. 

Mr. Rutter welcomed us witb great cordiality^ and conducted 
US into tbe ball—« noble room^ tbe floor of wbicb was inlaid with 
xnarble. Folding doors were now opened^ and under a scarlet vel* 
yet canopy^ ricbly embroidered witb gold^ sat two lovely daugbters 
of our best. Tbe eldest was an oriental beauty, and received us 
gracefiilly^ wbile a pair of large black eyes sparkled a welcome. 
Tbe youngest was equally bandsome — in tbe judgment of tbe 
youngest sailor^ more so ; at all events^ tbe syren succeeded in 
implanting in bis breast a ^' first-sigbt love/' wbicb^ I bave beard 
bim say^ '^ be never could entirely forget." Otber folding doors. 
were next tbrown open^ and a table sumptuously laid invited us 
to be seated. Tbe soup was mulligatawny^ a £iypurite disb at 
Madras» wbose inbabitants bave tbe reputation of excelling in tbe 
making of it : it is a rieb curry soup» bigbly season^» and very 
delidous. Ham and turkey» rice» and curries of all sorts» pasties, 
and abundance of Champagne and daret» were tbe fare. After 


• This phnse, ai applied to land-travelliDg, is in a fair way of beooming ap- 
propnate : I allude to the reoent inventioa of propelling caniages througb a 
tunnd byaneani of atmospheric presmue^ 


^&iner we retired to an ndjcnning apftrtment, where the young la^ 
€ies favoured us with dulcet strains fxom the piano^ in a style 
teflecting müch credit on their taste and execution. An unoere« 
monious dance in the hall conduded die entertainment ; and at 
four in the moming, we mounted our vehides in high glee^ under 
a favourahle Impression of the hospitality of our Idnd host and his 
Iwo charming daughters. In me^ however, high spirits were suc« 
ceeded hy husy thought on the happy moments which had sped ; 
and whether it was reflection or Champagne^ or both^ that made 
nie ov^-wise^ I adopted the oonvictiod ihat ' the stump of a tzee 
was ashadow^ and this notable " error in judgment" hurledmy« 
seif and Bowers in an instant to the opposite side of the road, and 
there left us sprawling. In a little time^ with the assistanoe of 
tmr fellow-travellers, who were laughing and joking all the wlule« 
we were ready to start afresh, fortunately without having receiv« 
ed any injury. 

The foUowing day, every thing being ready fbr sea, Koondar 
Omar attended me to make his farewell salam. On my taking 
leave of Endtfield^ he shook me cordially by the hand^ desiringnie^ 
if ever I needed his assistance^ to write to him at Padang^ and to 
he assured that I should nbt find myself neglected. Bowers^ Har- 
oourt^ and the two brothers^ acoompanied me to the beach ; and 
with exchanged ezpressions of hope that we should meet again in 
some quarter of the globe or other^ I erossed the formidable surf, 
Teached toj 'vesselj and set sail for Pondicherry the same evening. 
The north-eastmonsoonwafted us pleasantly to the southward. 
The next day^ a remarkable tuft of trees^ celebrated as a landmark, 
apprised us that we were approaching Pondicherry. We stood 
tinder easy sail during the night^ and on the fbllowing moming 
came to an anchor in Pondicherry Roads. 

Pondicherry was at that period in the possession of the Eng- 
lish ; but it has since been restored to the French : it is a small 
town, whither the English military officers, and dvilians^ occasion- 
•ally resort for the benefit of a change of air, and for relaaution 
from their several duties* No place in India has stronger attrac- 
tions for yisitors than Pondidierry. A Company of French ama- 
teur musidans regaled the inhabitants with music on the Espla- 
nade^ in the open air^ from eight to ten^ nsually on moonligfat 
siights. Private concerts^ masquerades, dances, and card-parties^ 

F 3 collected 


oollected together the votaries of pleasure^ tbaft ü, witb few ex- 
ceptionSy all the inhabitanta of tbis cbanniiig settlement; bat 
tvbat^ more tban any tbingdse^ attracto tbe notice and admiratioo 
of strazigers> is, tbe transcendent beauty of tl^e female portion of 
tbose of tbe European inbabitants wbo are descendants of French 
families. Tbeir complexion is a bappy combination of tbe lily 
and tbe roie ; tbe giaceful ease and nnaffected freedom of tbeir 
manners in tbe drawing-room^ are as captivating as tbeir mov»* 
ments at tbe ball ; and tbe elegant simplidty and neatness of 
ibeir dre88> exbilnt a cbasteness of taste peculiar to thenuelve^* 
More Englisb bave cbosen partners for life from among the 
ladies of Pondicberry^ tban from tbose of any otber settlement 
of tbe same extent in India ; and eveiy matcb^ at least on the 
partof tbe gentlemanj is truly a ^' love-matcb;" for tbe girls 
bave no treasure bat tbeir cbarms. 

Tbe cargo I bad on board was consigned to a celebrated mili- 
tary offieer^ wbo badbeen one of tbe first to mount tbe breach at 
tbe storming of Seringapatam, and bad tbere received a seyere 
wpund. In bis dedining years» be retired from tbe toUs of bis 
profession to Pondicberry; and in tbe endearments of bis lovely 
Partner^ sougbt tbat repose and bappiness to wbicb^ in early li^ 
tbe duties and dangers of bis profession bad made bim a stoaa^ 
ger. He now ooncerned bimseLf witb little eise tban mercantile 
pursuits on a amall scale^ and witb tbose^ more witb tbe view of 
employing bis active and comprebensive mind^ tban witb tbat 
pf profit. To bim tbe old and young would repair^ to seek tlie 
benefit of bis counsel in time of doubt or trouble ; and at bis 
bouse . I found a bappy bome during my stay at Pondicbexiy» 
Tbere« tbe beauty and fasbion of tbe settlement assembled twioe 
or tbrice a-week^ eitber at a dance« a card-party« or a supper j 
and tbere it was I bebeld tbe lovely girl« tbe rumour of wbose 
cbarms bad already resounded from one end of tbe peninsula af 
India to anotber*. Tbougb descended from poor parents, ber 
band« I was informed« bad been sougbt in vain by coUecton^ 
colonelsy and even generals : ber obdurate beart eitber coold not« 
or would not« receive tbe soft impression« and sbe remuned 
Single« making fresh conquests ahnost daily. At tbis period sbe 
was just eigbteen« witb a form combining symmetry witb all tbe 


* Mademoiselle M***«y. 


ötlier graees wliich are denrable m woman : lier cotnplexion was 
like the lüy, deHcately fair^ and with the Uly would have borne 
compariwtL; wUle the rose bloomed on her cheek. Her hair^ 
black and gloBsy, curled in all tbe sportive luxutiance of excel- 
Ung nattire, over her finely-tumed neck and slioulders ; Her ex- 
panded farebead^ dlken eyelasb^s^ atcbed eyebrows^ and coral 
lips^ Mrere perfection ; bat her eyes ! wbo sball desqibe tbem i 
tbe soul itself spoke througb tbem ; and ber angelic countenance^ 
animated^ open^ and free from tbe least taint of pnde or affec- 
tation^ would bare persuaded one tbat sbe could love^ and tbat 
in thiis respect report belied ber. The danget of bolding converse 
tvitb cbarms like bers^ soon became apparent ; yet tbe attempt 
iiras often made to impress ber beart witb tbat feeling whicb sbe 
Seemed so eminently formqd by nature to Insplre in the breasts of 
öthers; but sbe was found to be cold and unsusceptible^ and tbe 
löVer £gbing^ fl^ ber presence. Tet was sbe not a coquet ; sbe 
never aimed at conquest. Ofte^ ^»slgazeä, delighted^ on her 
beautiful features^ did I express to lier a hope^ tjbat sbe would 
itaäke some one of her numerous admirers happy ; and to strengthen 
my plea^ frequently placed before her the fbllowing lines^ tbe 
meaning of whicb her progress in tbe English language enabled 
ber perfectly to comprehend :— 

." Nay, lady. 

Th<m*lt be Che enteilest she alive, 
To leid an tfaese gtaeei to lAe giAve, 
And leav^ the wco-ld do copy. 


By tbe latest acoounts from India^ I am informed tbat sbe stül 
adberes to ber preference of celibaey to tbe married life. 

Under tbe roof of my worthy host I ^Iso saw the lovely Made^ 
moiselle L******b : sbe was then in deep mental distress ; and 
it is in tbat State tbat beauty fi^uently assumes her loveliest 
features. An Englisb lieutenant of dragoons^ in person elegant^ 
and of superior manners^ addressed ber witb all the ardour of . a 
respectful and sincere love : sbe loved bim in retum^ and^ a stran- 
ger to deceit^ ingennously told bim so^ litüe suspecting tbat a 
beart devoid of every principle of honour— a soul enamoured of 
depravity^ could He concealed under the mask of so fair an exte- 
zior. The wedding-day was fixed ; the unsuspecting girl> sur« 
rouhded by doting parents and beloved friends^ was hailed^ in 
ereiy drcle^ witb congratulations and blessings: bow happy 

p 4 then 


iben wa3 her young and iuexperienced heart ! but^ alas ! how 
3oon was sbe doomed to taste the bitter cup of wo^ withhdLd from 
ber onlj by tbe interveiiing lapse of a few fleeting bours ! Her 
lover^ unaccustomed to control bis violent and impetuous pas- 
sions, marked ber as bis own, from tbe moment wben be first 
saw ber^ and determined to possess ber^ even at tbe price of mar- 
riage^ and of ber ruin ; be well knew bis debts were overwbebn- 
ing, and bis oreditors importunate — ^he knew tbat tbe inevitable 
consequence of bis marriage would be^ to be dragged firom the 
bridal bedj, to a gaol ; and tbat tbe cbarms of bis victim were ber 
only portion : still did be persevere^ and bad tbe art to conceal 
from ber poor and aged parents^ not only tbe darling propenaities 
of bis soul—^gaming« extravagance^ and debaucbery^ but also 
tbe actual State of bis circumstances^ and tbe bopelessness of bi& 
prospects. Tbe storm at lengtb burst^ and> as if in pity to tbe 
victim^ spared ber tbe greater evil — on tbe very moming of tbe 
intended nuptiak, be was arrested^ and bis real cbaracter exposed 
by bis creditors. Covered witb confusion^ obloquy^ and sbame^ 
be was tbrown into prison^ and tbere left to brood over tbe ooa^ 
^uences of bis criminality and cruelty. 

By tbe prompt assistance wbicb I recdved from my friendly 
bost^ wboj tbrougb bis influence witb tbe master-attendant> pro« 
cured me an extra supply of cargo-boats^ I was soon enabled to 
effect my lading ; but not satisfied witb tbis^ be generously took 
a warmer interest in my afiairs^ and I tbus succeeded in securing a 
rieb freigbt from Columbo (wbitber I was next bonnd) to tbe 
Mauritius ; and on my retum^ anotber from Tappanooly^ on tbe 
west coast of Sumatra^ for Bengal. Tbese advantages were gieat« 
and could not bave been obtained witbout tbe Intervention of so 
distinguisbed and respected an individual as my friend. 

It was one Sunday moming, and tbe bour eleven^ wben in 
England tbe cburcb-bells are summoning to public worsbip^ tbat 
on my way to tbeliouse of a Frencb mercbant^ for tbe purpose 
of settling about tbe freigbt, we called on tbe bonourable Mrs. 
T-^ — ip-, tbe widow of a Frencb officer, and mkde our bow to a 
large party engaged at cards — a custom usual witb tbe Frencb 
on Sundays« I bad not mucb time to reflect on tbe scene before 
me^ wben a very sweet girl, tbe eldest daugbter of tbe bostess» 
approacbed me^ and witb tbat solicitude for tbe comfort and 
^nvenience of visitors^ for wbicb tbe fair of Pondicberry are 



di«tiQgui8hed> fieated lieraelf b^ my side, dose to a «mall taUe 
apart from the rest of tbe Company. Her aulium liair Hung in 
ringlets o ver her fair boflom^ and a pair of soft blue eyes^ ezpiessiTe 
of a desire to please^ effected tbeir object oompletely; so tbat in 
thiee minutes we became as well acqusdnted and familiär a« if 
we bad been intimate for as many years. Her pronnndation of 
tbe Englisb langaage was imperfect ; but witb great good-na- 
ture^ spreading tbe cards before us, she said — '' Now look at 
me."— " Ob, tbat I certainly will !*'— " I do mean [kugbing]] 
you must not any more look at de cards."— -^' No : I wül, with 
your permisdon, look at you in preference." — " Very well-*«8 
you please. Now tink of one card." — " I bave." — " But you 
must not tdl me wbat you tink ontill I ask." — '^ Ob no."— • 
^' Well den, I must tink of one also." After oonsidering, sbe 
abuffled tbe cards—'' Now," sbe resümed, " You must teil 
me de card you tink of." — " Tbe queen of hearU."-^** De queen 
ijf hearU! bow stränge! de very card dat I did tink of tooT 
Wbat tbere was in tbe mention of '' queen of bearts" to bring 
into ber beauteous neck and cbeeks tbe vermilion wbicb '' spread 
like a mantle o'er ber," tbose wbo are better versed tban myself 
in tbe secret Impulses of tbe beart, may possibly form an idea: 
I was tbat instant summoned to depart, wbicb I did reluctantly, 
never baving before, in so sbort a space of time, been a party to 
a friendsbip so apparently mutual. I pressed ber delicate band 
at parting, and could no more dispel a sudden tremor of deligbt 
wbicb tben came over me, tban I could control tbe course of tbe 
planets ; and to tbis day tbe " queen of bearts" never fails to 

wbisper to my memory tbe cbarms of tbe lovely Miss T . 

No sooner was I usbered, by my friend, into tbe presenee of 
tbe mercbant, tban be exdaimed — " Ab, be Gkt ! wbat bave we 
got bere? dis be one vary young capitain indeedl" Having 
seated ourselves at a table, on wbicb were pen, ink, and paper, 
be satisfied bimself on certain necessary particulars, and drew 
out agreements respecting freigbt, wbicb wexe mutually signed 
and sealed. In a few days afterwards I set sail for Columbo, 
partipg from my ftiend witb deep regtet; and not witbout waft- 
ing, in many a sigb, an adieu to tbe fair inbabitants— a tribute, 
) may add, exacted from tbe breast of every finglisbman on 
leaving Pondicberry. 



\ Bof$rmj ciire6r>as captain and cfwAer, had beeil lx>tli sooöessfiil^ 
■ad replete witb hxt pnimises ; eveti the winds eeemeä to encoit* 
rage mj hopes. Unmolested hy a ghowet of ndn^ or by a doud in 
tbe bearens^ we sailed nearlj round £he spicy island öf Ceylon, äe- 
ligbted at tbe vaiiegated aspect of it^ sbores. Off TrincomflliBj^ 
Beligaum^ and Point de Galle^ a canoe^ laden witb tbe {^laintain^ tlie 
melon^ tbe pine-apple^ tbe quinoe^ tbe lüscions jack^ the mango, th 
tfweet date> and green cocoa^ would be ffequently seen approoch- 
ingj and baving reacbed us, it emptied its freigbt on ovrieet 
At lengtb^ we came witbin sigbt of Columbo. It wad jnst aboat 
the setting of tbe sun wben tbe flag-staff appeared in si^t. Ä 
dangerous rock^ called tbe *' Drunken Saihr," tbreatening m, 
in a^boUow Voice, witb de^tmction among its bfeakers^ was aboat 
a mile to leeward of ns. From tbe land came a gentlö ffwell^ and 
a Hgbt air, wbicb but just set tbe calm bosom of tbe gUttmng 
ses in motion, wbile tbe ref^^esbing :&agranc<^ ardund^ luüed the 
taind into a State of luxurioas ease and enjoymedit. ' Wo came to 
an anebor in tbe loadstead precisely at eigbt o'döck^ and after 
squfliing tbe yaids^ and setting tbe watcb^ retired to rest. 

At Columbo^ mj extreme yootb^ togetber witb tbe drcum- 
stonoe» of mj baving* a oonunand^ and being owner, not only st« 
tracted attentbn, but pro^ured me many friends^ tbe benefit of 
wbose assistance and adriee^ affording me greater faciliti^s tban I 
conld otberwise bave bad in tbe landing and sbipping of ca^^ I 
enjoyed to a considerable e^ctent. Tbe eargo I now received on 
board was cocoa^nut oil^ for tbe Isle of France ; and in tbree 
weeks I was ready for sea. I set sail^ in tbe beigbt of tbe spirit of 
enterprise, calculating my gains daily ; and^ in tbe midst cimysoth 
sequent successes^ I all but fiattered myself tbat I bad gamed pos- 
session of tbe pbiLosopber's stone. On tbe lowest estimate wbkh I 
eould correctly make^ I calculated tbat^ on my retum to Calcutta^ 
wbicb I conduded would be in about six montbs frani tbis period^ 
I sbould be wortb six tbousand ponnds^ wbicb would justify mein 
tbe ambition of aapiring to tbe command of a large sbip* ThuS; 
from day to day, was my bead incessantly at work^ and my atten- 


tion divided between the present responsibility and tbe fortune ro 

prospect. " Castle-building" indeed was a sdence wbicb I studiea 

indefatigably; and^ imagining tbat I saw tbe end from tbe legin- 

ning^ I at once wrote to my fatber^ requestingbimto send my oiO' 



iber John, to India, aigsging to easure him Ute opportttnilj of 
Qiaking, wiih the aid of industiy and prudenoe, a xapid fortune. ' 1 
had afterwardi reason to regret my predpitaiicy ; faut it was a 
matter cf consolation to me^ that the measuie bad ita Bouxee^ alone 
in brotherly love and good Intention. 

Hitberto mj navigation had been eitber in n^t of Uaiä, or 
witbin a few miles of it; now I was to bid faiewell to tbe coast^ 
^nd e^iplore the wide waten of the Indian Ooean* Oar approadi 
to the equinoctial> whose gales not nnfireqaently devote tbe ma- 
riner and bis bark to the unfatbomable äeep, was marked by tbe 
usual circimi8tanoe0;**-an oecasional sbower ;— shoals of ßying' 
fiahes, wbich erer and anon met> on oor deck^ tbat fate witli 
which some natural enem j had thveatened them in another sbape ;— 
olbftcares^ darüng onward under eacb quarter ; and the dolpbin> 
which, baving for a short. time sported gHblj bj oar aide, 
sei^ed tbe deadly bait> and being dragged on boaid, iffid sna« 
pended on a sbxoud> wouldin ita agony, exbibit its matcbless 
vaiyii^ hues: the roradbous duirk too, tnraing on bis back, 
would seiae the piece of tempdng flesh, and pnrsoe bis way nntO 
t^ gaUing iron anested bis progreas;— ^he tries to fly« and tor« 
tüured with pain and xage> oovera the sea with foam; but thei 
altempt ii vain j in a short time bis böge, «inaeemly careaae Hea 
cKtended on our deck— in vain hia powerfiil tau lasheait-*^ Taii» 
he opens wide bis eiMrmotia jaws, lined wilh quadruple rows of 
piereing teeth, wkidi he ifnaahes in agony; the waty seamaiiy 
batchet in band, and willi rauaeular am, after repeated Harns, 
wvers tbe head frmn the body, aad leaves it, in its gora, on tb0 

Feeling the weigkit of Ihe reiponaibility atlaehed to my 
oommand less serendy at sea than when sailing akng tiie 
CimmiaBdel Coast, I was the moi« disposed, during my kärarer 
hours, to indulge in my favooiite punrait of xeading. The 
German flute was another sooBce of amusement. My table being 
^mply i^j^j^ied with mutton aad poultry, ham«, wiaiea, and 
Uquemra» how (rfken would I inwardly xejoioe» when I compated 
my own sueoesses, and happy state, with ihe ccmdition of oti^era f 
j)Aj, I almoet imagined tbat the loud complaints of poverty and 
misfortune weve the outcry of the idle and dissolttte ahme ; and 
Game to tbe eosdusiDn, tbat no art could be nuNPe easily acquired 
than that oi becoming rieh. 



' Once everjT mohth> on the first night of the new moon^ Üie 
letscars^ conformably to their custom^ approached me^ one by one, 
to make their obeisance^ involdng^ at the same time^ the protec- 
tion of the prophet Mahommed for the next month^ and thankin^ 
him for the blessings of the last. During the evenings^ the Por^ 
tugueae would, o% in the waist^ beguile the hours with a son^ 
and cheering chonii^ while the lascars pursued their several avo-' 
cations by themselves. Few ships' companies were happier than 
mine— few Commanders more wilHngly obeyed. 

Six weeks after our departure from Ceylon^ we made the lati-' 

tude of the Isle of France^ being, according to my calculation> 

distant £rom it about one hundred and twenty miles^ due Easi. 

In two days and nights we ran down not less than three hundred 

and fifty miles of longitude^ but without seeing land. After a 

time^ one of the secunnies announced " Land in sight !" but^ on 

going aloft^ I found the supposed land to be but a doud, 

which^ in a few minutes^ disappeared altogether. About two 

p. fn« however^ I saw^ as I thought^ land from the deck^ bearing 

the shape of three black^ sloping hillocks ; but this too proved a 

deception^ and^ like the former^ vanished from our sight^ first 

altering its shape^ and assuming the appearance of a Castle^ then 

that of a black mountain: during the night my anxiety was 

considerable. With a favourable breeze^^ we stood on^ under 

easy sail^ until half-past four a. nu when our hopes were revived 

by the appearance^ at dawn of day (five o'dock), of something 

which; from the deck indeed, was hardly to be distinguished from 

a doud^ so much did it resemble one, but which I was^ on going 

aloft, convinced, from the distinctness of its form rising from 

fehe glittering sea, was not the shadow, but the substance. By 

ten o'dock we reached the north-east point of land, and sailed 

«lose in shore, in order to reach Port Louis. The blue water 

near the shore was so remarkably dear, that we could plainly 

perceive the bottom, at the depth of fifteen fathoms, or ninety 

feet, to appearance not more than four ; thus were the secrets of 

the deep unfolded to our admiring view ;— large< beds, or rather 

forests of coral> red and white, the grotesque branches of which 

eztended for miles, and among them, fishes unknown in Europa, 

and of various sizes and hues, swimming in sportive gambds. 

We were now sailing round perhaps the sweetest island that 

rears its head above the waters of the globe. The fragrance, 



wafted in soft breezes from the land^ was delightf ul : here and 
there^ a cottage near the sea beach^ greeted our siglit^ adomitig ä 
fairy scene^ in wbich a luxuriant verdure^ and trees of great sLze 
and beauty^ were oonspicuous : not a canoe> nor a human being; 
could we see; all was still^ and silent as tbe tomb. It was a 
scene of such beauty and repose^ as almost to persuade me that I 
was favoured with an unearthlj vision. 

At two o'dock the town of Port Louis appeared in sight ; 
and shortly after a pilot came on board, who brought us to an 
anchor in the inner harbour. At four, I reached the '' Hotel 
Anglais/' not without congratulating myself on having^ without 
the assistanoe of European skills navigated my bark thou- 
sands of miles^ and brought her safe into port. I lost no time 
in making preparations fbr the landing of my freight^ which^ iii 
a few days, I commenced under the encouraging and cheering 
prospect of a speedy termination. 

Port Louis^ the capital^ is a pleasant^ dean town^ situated 
partly on a plain^ partly on the dedivity of a mountam^ called Le 
Pouce, which towers in its rear^ and above which rises the lofty 
peak of '^ Peter Botre/' two thousand five hundred feet above the 
level of the sea. The Govemment-house faces the landing-place. 
It is^ however. the beauty of the country which forms the prin- 
cipal charm: if the shores of the Isle of France^ as seen from the 
deck of a yessel^ are inviting^ how enchanting and lovely is its 
interior scenery ! The rural Arcadian cottages of the planters, 
the neat huts of the slaves^ the rieh verdure, the hiHs^ dales, 
iivulets^ mountains^ and glens, omamented by stately trees^ the 
tamarind, the mango^ the cocoa^ and o^ers, combined too in a 
manner peculiarly diversified^ wild^ and luxuriant, inspire the 
stranger with wonder, rapture, and delight. In this paradise, 
even the slave appears to forget bis real condition. Often as he 
proceeded to bis daily labour, have I heard Mm carol bis song 
of content and happiness*. Dear country ! where were spent 


* In maldiig tfau remar]^ the authmr does not mean to oonvey tfae remotest 
idea of the general condition of the slave ; that condition is not better than that 
of the slaye of any other countiy. His happiness, even when at leisure to con- 
template the xund scenery of this ddightful'island, Is bat apparent, and on the 
nir&ce. Of the immpdiate effects, and the tendency of sUvery, even under ita 
best, äiat is, its most deceptive aspect, the author's opinion remains unchanged. 
See Index— «< Skvery.'^ 


8ome of the kappiest af my youthful iaj», whicb fled^ too 4000 

Behind Port Louis is a wide plain> called ihe " Champ de 
Mars;" there the band of the English regiment plajed everj 
Sunday evetmig, fbr three or four liours ; and thete^ bundieGb 
of girls^ in nature's most alluring cbarm^ " äsazliag Beaiity^ at* 
tended by her Graces^" were seen in tbe enjoyment of oonscious 
happiness^ gay, yet preserving an amiable decorum of manner^ 
wbicb> tbougb beightening tbeir attractions^ was^ in f act> not the 
weakest of tbeir safeguards. Tbe island indeed is tbe Isknd of 
Calypso ; and sbould anotber Telemacbus be wrecked on its sboxesf, 
bis Mentor^ tbougb be migbt^ and probably would> bave to 
reglet bis entanglement in tbe snares of loye> would bave bo 
cause to fear bis falling a prey to vice. But tbougb tbe isLuid of 
love^ it is tbe island of misfortune. Subsequently to tbe autbor'a 
arrival in 1814^ Port Louis lost two-tbirds of its bouses by fixe: 
and recently (1824), a severe burricane caused serious damage 
to tbe crops^ and ruined many of tbe inbabitants : but if aay 
tbing be wanting to entitle it to tbese distinctions, tbe patheiie 
bistory of Paul and Virginia will supply tbe defect ; andaltbougfa 
frora tbe cdrcumstance of its being g^ierally known^ tbe reader 
may tbink tbat a mere reference to it would bave been suffident^ 
I cannot resist tbe temptation to sketcb a brief outline of it, trusfr» 
ing for bis indulgence to its autbenticity and interesting natuve. : 

Monsieur de la Tour, a native of Nonnandy, arrived on tbe 
island in 17^6, bringing witb bim a young and beautiful wife, 
wbom be bad marricd witbout fortune, and in Opposition to tbe 
will of ber relations. A sbort time after bis arrival, be em« 
barked for Madagascar, to purcbase a few slaves, leaving bis wife 
to await bis retum, and tbere feil a victim to tbe pestilential 
fever. No sooner did tbe intelligence of bis decease reacb tbe 
Isle of France, tban bis efiects were seized (probably üit debt), 
and bis widow, wbo was pregnant, found berself left destitute in 
a Strange country, witb no otber eartbly support tban one female 
negro slave, named Mary. From affection to tbe memory of ber 
busband, wbom sbe dearly loved, sbe was unwilling to accept. 
protection &om a second; sbe tberefore resolved to cvdtivate a 
little spot of ground witb tbe assistance of ber slave, and tbus- 
proeure for botb tbe means of subsistence. Misfortune baving 



armed her widi eouiage, she traTened tiacks the moet reiMlo 
aod desolate, dreary and unknown. . A spot wa« at laat fiarad 
upoii> the intmediate neighhourhood of which had beea alzeady 
inhabited a jear bj a young female, named Margaret, who, when 
surpcLsed by the stiangeiB, was suckling her infant. Hargarei 
was a native of Brittany, and had been seduced by a gentlemaai 
who, adding inhumanity and injustice to aeduction, refiued to 
provide for the child of which he was the father. She therefort 
determined to leave her native TiUage, and seek an a^hua fiir 
herself, her child, and a faithful slaye, named Domingo, in some 
distant land« in which ehe hoped to remain conoealed fnm. the 
observatioga of mankind, or one in whidi, if inhabited, the loas 
of her only portion, her rqputation, would be unknown. 

Madame de la Tour and Margaret, thrown together under such 
cireumstances, naturally formed an attachment to each other, 
wlsadk ultimately ripened into the most tender and permanent 
fidendship. This mutual bond was soon rendered strongev by the 
drcumstance of Madame de Ja Tour's giving birth to a gid, whom 
she nawed Fnginia, Margaret's boy, but: a twelvemonth elder, 
being named PauL 

Thefbndness of thetwo chiUien fbr each other was remarkable^ 
eyen in their infancy> and is thus described by St. Pierre^-*-*'^ No< 
thing Qould exoeed the attachment which these infants already 
displayed for each other* If Paultioniplained, his mother pointed 
to Virginia ; and at the sight of her, he smiled, and was ^ppeased, 
If any accident befel Virginia, the cries of Faul gave notice of 
the disaster, and tben Virginia, would suppreas her oomplaints, 
finding that Paul wad^unhappy* When I came hither, I usually 
found them quite naked, which is the custom of this country, tot« 
texing in theij* walki and holding each other by the hands, and 
under the arms, as we represcmt the constellation of the Twina» 
At night, these in&nts often re&ised to be separated, and were 
found lyingin the aame cradle, their oheeks, their bosoms, pressed 
dose together, their handa thrown round each other'a necks, and 
sleq>ing, locked in one another's anns." 

In this State of humble sedusion did Madame de la Tour and 
Margaret lead their lives, Rice and fruit, spread on plantain leaves 
on the ßoox of tbeir hut, formed their homely repast; and their 
Chief delight coosisted in their )oye for. Faul and Virginia, in 



oontemplatiiig theh: innoeence and beauty, and in daäy di^- 
tOY&nßs of new graces. With the excepdon of an aged n&gh'*- 
boor (the original narrator of the tale)^ this litüe family had> for 
yeanr^ no intercourse with anj human being whatever. A hirge 
dog^ named Fidelle^ and a goat^ formed the only addition to their 

The loves of Paul and Virginia increased with their years ;- 
they each seem to have been endowed with extraordinary qua« 
lities> mental as well as personal : — ^'^ Virginia was gentle^ modest^ 
and confiding as £ve; and Panl^ like Adam^ united the figure of 
manhood with the simplicity of a child/* Scarcely had Vir- 
^nia attained the age of fourteen^ when this peaceful and happy 
sodety was surprised by a visit from no less a personage thai» 
Monsieur de la Bourdonnais^ the govemor of the island^ who was 
the bearer of letters and costly presents to Madame de la Tour, 
from an aunt of hers at Paris^ a lady of quality and immensdy 
rieh. She had deputed the govemor to cause Virginia to be 
immediately sent to her at Paris^ for education^ alleging it to 
be her intention to make her heiress to all her wealth« It 
was with extreme difficulty that Monsieur de la Bourdonnais 
oould persuade either Madame de la Tour or Virginia, even to 
listen to entreaty; and it was not until af^r frequent intern 
views had taken place, and urgent remonstrances been resorted 
to, that he could obtain a hearing. At length, Madame de 
la Tour, with the view of benefiting her child, as well as from 
the fear of offending her aunt, succeeded in persuading Vir- 
ginia to proceed to Paris, with an understanding, however, that 
if 80 did|K)6ed, she should retum immediately. All Virginia's 
care, previous to her departure, was dizected to the one 
object of soothing her beloved Paul, whose heart was nearly 
broken at the proqpect of their Separation : she solemnly promised 
him to retum, and be his ; swore fidelity to him, and reeeived 
bis pictvre, pladng it in her bosom ; and dedaring, with aflood of 
tears, that death alone should part them, she embarked. 

After a lapse of eighteen months, Paul reoeived from bis Vir« 
ginia a letter, overflowing with tendemess and fond vows of at-^ 
tachment, but evidently written underpainfulfeelings, augmented 
by an anxiety to suppiess them ; all that could be gleaned was, 
that her relation was unkind, reproaching her because she could 



Hot read and write— with havinghad the 6ducation of ä a^r^ant >-« 
and tliat she had HHnned a deleniiiiiatioD to xetum aa aoon atf 

At the expiradan of a few mcmtha trom thia period, amved 
another letter written in the offing, on board a ahip named the 
Saint Oeran^ and announdng her actual alrivaL This intelli*' 
gence waa reoeived by the whole fiumly with delight^ but hy Pauli 
with a hurst of extatic jqr:—- What followaia an estractfrom the 
work itself« 

'' It was^" says the narrator, '^ about ten at tiight, and I waa 
going to eactinguwh my lamp, when I peroeiyedt thiough the pali« 
Bades of my hut^ a light in the wooda. I aioee, and had just 
dressed myself, when Paulj half wild and panting for breath, 
iprung on my neak^ cryingy ' Gome aloiigy come along, Virginia 
is atrived t Let us go to the port: the yeasel will anchor at break 
of day/ 

'' We inatantly seft offi As we were fxaTeraing the woods of 
the Sloping Mountain^ and were aheady on the road which leadtf 
from the Shaddock Grove to the port> I heard some one Walking 
behindus. When the person^ who was a negro> and who advanced 
with hasty steps^ had reateked us^ I inquired whenoe he came, and 
whither he was going with such ekpeflition. He a&swered^ ' I 
camefrom thatpartofthaiskndcallddGeldenDust, and am aent 
to the port> to inform the goremor that a ship fiom Faokce had 
anchored upon the island of Amber; and fines guns of distressi 
for the sea is very stonny/ Having seid this, the man left utj 
and punoed his joum^. 

'Let US go/ Said I to Paul, ' towarda that part of the ialand, and 
meetVirghua; it is only thxee leagues firomhenoe. Acoordingly 
we bent our course thither. The heoit was ita£R)cating. The 
moonhad risen, and was enoompassed hf ibtee large bladc didda» 
A dismal darkness shrouded the sky ; but the fre^ent flashes of 
lightning disoovered long chains of thi€k doudift, gloomy, low 
hung, and heaped tc^ether over the middle of the islandj after 
having xdled with great xapidity fiom the ocean, althoug^ we < 
feit not a bieath of wind upon the land. Aa we walked ahnigi 
we thought we heard pealr of thunder ; but after listening more 
attentively, we found they were the soonds of distant cannon^ fe« 
peated^by th€f echoes« Those sounds^ Joined to the tempestueue 

Gr aspeci 


aspeet of tte hcnveas^ tnadö tne shudder. I had little döubt fhaf 
they were sigoak of distress fSrom ä ship in danger. In lialf an 
Hour the firing ceased> and I feit the silence more appalling than 
tbe dismal sounds whicb liad presceded. 

" We bastened on without uttering a word^ or daring to com- 
mnnicaite our mutual appreliensions. At midnight^ we arrired 
on the ftea shore at tbat part o^ tbe Island. The billows bioke 
against tbe beacb witb a bonible noise^ covering tbe rocks and tbe 
Strand witb tbeir foam^ of a dazzlingwbiteness^ and blended witb 
gpeaks of fire. Bj tbe pbospboric gleams^ we distinguisbed^ not- 
witbstanding tbe darkness^ tbe canoes of tbe fisbehnen^ wbich 
they bad diawn far upon tbe sabd. 

''Near tbe Aote, at tbe entrance oiP a wood^ we saw a fire^ 
round WUtb several of tbe inbbbitants were assembled. Tbitber 
we repidred, in order to repose ourselves tili moming. One of 
tbe circle related^ tbat in tbe aftemoon be bad seen a vessel driren 
iowards tbe island by tbe currents ; tbat tbe nigbt bad bidden 
it from bis view; and tbat two bours after sunset be beard tbe 
firing of guns in distress^ but tbat tbe sea was so tempestuoiis^ 
tbat no boat could venture out : tbat a sbort time after^ be tboug|ht 
be perceived tbe glimmering of tbe watcb-ligbts on board tbe ves- 
sel^ wbicb^ be feared^ by its baving approacbed so near tbe coast^ 
bad steered between tbe main land and tbe little island of Amber, 
mistaking it for tbe point of Endearour^near wbicbyesselspass in or- 
derte gain Port Louis. If tbis was tbe case^ wbicb, bowever, be conld 
not affi^n^ tbe sbip, be apprebended^ was in great danger. Anotber 
islander tben informed ms, tbat be bad frequently crossed the 
obannel wbieb separates tbe isle of Amber from tbe coast, and 
wbich be bad sounded ; tbat the anchorage was good, and tbat 
tbe ship would there be in as great security as if it were in bar« 
bour. A tbird islander dedared it was impossible for tbe ship to 
enter tbat cbapnel^ whicb was scarcely navigable for a boat. He 
«Bserted^ tbat be had seen the vessel at anchor beyond tbe isle of 
Amber, so tbttt if tbe wind arose in the moming, it could eitber 
put to sea^ or gain the harbour. Different opinions were stated 
upon tbis subfect, wbich, wbile those indolent creoles calmly dis* 
cussed, Paul and I observed a profound silence. We remained on 
tbis Spot tili break of day, wben the weather was toobazy to per- 
mit of our distinguisbing any object at sea, whicb was covered 



#itli fog. All that we oould descxy was a daik gpotg wbich iliey 
told US wm the Isle of Amber^ at a distanoeof a quarter of a lesigu« 
from fhe ooast. We could only discem, on this gloomy daj, the 
{xnnt of the beach wbere we stood^ and the peaks of some mouiu 
tains in the interior of th^ island^ rising occasumally from amidsl 
the douds whichhung around them. 

'' At seven in the moming we heard the beat of drums in the 
Woods ; and soonafter^ the govemor, Monsieur de hi BourdonnaiSy 
taived on horseback, foUowed by a detachment of soldiers armed 
witb musket0, and a great number of islanders and Uacls. He 
ranged his soldiers upon ihe beach, and oidered them to make a 
general discfaarg^ which was no sooner done, than we pnoeiTed 
a glimmering light upon the water» which was instantly succeede4 
by the.soundof agun. Wejudgedthattbe diip was atno great 
distanoe, and rbn, towards that part where we had seen the light. 
We now disoemedj througjh the fog, the bulk and tacUing of a 
large ressel; and, notwithstanding the noise of the waves, we 
werenearenough to hear the whistle of the boatswain atthe helm^ 
and tbe shouts of the mariners. As soon as the Saint Geran per- 
eeiyed that we were near enougjh to give her sucoour, she con^ 
tinued to fire guns r^gularly at the interval of three minutes* 
Monsieur de la Bourdonnais caused great fires to belightedat cer-; 
tain distances upon the Strand, and sent to all the inhahitants of 
tliat neighbourhood, in search of provisions, planks, caihles, and 
empty baxvds. A crowd of peqple soon arrived, accompanied by 
their negroes, loaded with provisiona and ri^;ing. One of the 
moft aged of the planters approaching the govemor, said to him, 
* We haTe heard all night hoarse noises in the mountain, and in 
theforests : the leaves of the trees are shaken, alth^ugh there is 
no wind ; the sea-birds seek refuge upon the land : it is certaiir 
that all those signs announce a hunitiane/-— ' Well, my fxiends,'^ 
answered the goyemor, ' we are prepared for it ; and no doubtr 
the vessel also.' 

^^ Eyery thing, indeed, presaged the near approach of the hur* 
xieane. The oentre of the douds in the xenitli was of a dismal 
Uack, while their skirts were firinged wil^ a oopper hue. The air 
resounded with the cries of the frigate-bird, the cur«*water, and a 
Hkultitude of other sea4xirds, whidi, notwithstanding the obscuzity 

G 2 . of 


of tlie atmöspliere^ bastened from all points of the "koiAzoiL tö ^1c 
for slielter in tlie Island. 

'' Towardß nine in the moming^ we heard on the side of the 
ocean the most terrific noise^ as if torrents of water^ mingled with 
thunder^ were rolling down the steeps of the mountains. A general 
cry was heard of ' There is the hurricane !' and in one moment a 
frightful whirlwind scattered the fog which had covcred the Me 
of Atnher and its Channel. The Saint Greran then present^ itself 
to our yiew : her gallery was crowded with people^ her yards and 
main-top-mast laid upon the deck, her flag shivered, with four 
cahles at her head, and one by which she was held at the stem. 
She had anchöred between the* Isle of Amber and the main Iand> 
within that chain of breakers which encircles the isLand, and which 
bar she had passed over in a place where no vessel had ever been 
before. She presented her head to the waves which tolled from 
the open sea ; and as each billow rushed into the straits, the ^p 
heaved, so that her keel was in air, and at the same moment her 
Stern, plunginginto the water, disappeared altogether, as if it were 
Swallowed up by the surges. In this position, driven by the winda 
and waves to^^rds the shore, it was equally impossible for her to 
retum by the passage through which she had madä her way ; or 
by cutting her cables, to throw herseif upon the beach, from which 
she was separated by sand bahks, mingled with breakers. Eveiy 
bülbw which broke nponthe coast, advancedroaring tothe bottom 
of the bay, and threw plahks to the distance of fifty feet upon the 
land ; then, rushing back, laid bare its sandy bed, from whidi it 
xoUed immense stones, with a hoarse dismal noise. The sea, 
swelled by the violence of the wind, rose higher every moment : 
and the channel between this Island and the Isle of Amber was 
but one vast sheet of white foam, with yawning pits of black deep* 
biUows. The foam boiling in the gulph was more than six feet 
high ; and the winds which swept its surface, bore it over the 
steep coast more than half a league upon the land. Those innu- 
merable white flakes, driven horixontally as &r as the foot of the 
mountain, appeared like snow issuing from the ocean, which waff 
now confounded with the sky. Thick douds of a horrible form, 
swept along t^e zenith with the swiftness of birds, while othertf 
appeared motipnlessas rocks. No spot of azure could be disoemed 



]B the finoament ; ouly a pale yellow ^eam cUsplaycd tlie olject» 
of eatih, Ben, and skies. 

. '' From the violent efibrts of die ship, what we dreaded hap« 
pened« The cables at the head of the vesBel were tom away ; i% 
W^ then held by one anchor oiily^ and was instaatly dashed upon. 
the rocks, at the distanoe of half a cable's length irom the ahore* 
A general cxj of honor issued from the speotators : Paul rudi^ 
towards the ^ea> when aeiaing him hy the anxij I exdaimed^ 
' Would you peijsh?'— *'Let me go to aaye her/ cried he, 'or { 
die !' Seeing that desBair deprived him of zeaaoiij Domingo and I, 
14 osflet topresenre him, faatened a long eoordxound hia waiat, and 
aeüsed hold of each end« Paul then predpitated himself towarda 
the ahipj how swimming and now Walking upon the break^n« 
/Sometimes he had the bope of reaching the vesse!, which the ae« 
in ita irregulär movementa had left almoat dry, ao that you cquI4 
have made ita circuit on foot ; bat suddenly the waves advancing 
widi new fury, shrouded it beneath the mountaina of water, whic^ 
then lifted it upright upon its keeL The billowa at the samt 
moment threw the unfortunate Paul far upon the beaoh, hia legp 
bathed in blood, hia boaom wounded, and himself half dead. The 
j^noment he had reoovered hia senaes, he azoae and i:6tumed witk 
new aidour towards the vessel, the parta of which now yawned 
Asund^, from the violent strokes of the billowa. The crew theo, 
despi»iring of their safety, threw themselres in crowdsintothe aaa, 
upoi^.yairds, planks, hencoopa, tablea^ and barrela. At th]« 
m^nt we beheld an object fit to exdte eternal aympathy j a young 
lady, in the gallery of the stemof the Saint Oeran, atretching out 
heir arms towards him who made so many efforts to join hyar :— It 
was Virginia! ahe had disoovered herlover by hia i^trepidi^. 
. The sight of this amiable young woman, ezppsed to auch hoacxible 
danger» fiUed us witJi imutterable deqnir. , Aa for Virginia, with 
a ßxxß and digoiQed xnien, she waved her hand,as if biddlng usan 
eternal farewelL All the sailors had.flung themselvea in^pthe 
aea» ^c^, whp still remained upon the defk, and who was 
naied, and atrong as Hercules. This man.approacbed Virginia 
with xespect, and kneeling at hee feet, attempted U), force. h^ \o 
throw off her dothes; but ahe repulsed him with modesty, and 
tumed away h^ head^ Then was heard redoubled qijes from thß 
apectatorsj ' Save her ! Do not leave her !* But at that moment a 

o 3 mountain 


moantain billow, of enormous magnitude, engulfed itself letweev 
the Isle of Amber and ihe coast^ and menaoed the shattered Tefsel, 
towards which it rolled^ bellowing, with its black sides and foam« 
ing head. At this tembl6 dight the sailor flung liimself into the 
sea ; and Virginia, seeing death inevitable, placed one band npon 
ber clotbes, tbe otber on ber beart, and lifting up ber lovdj eyea, 
seemed an angel prepared to taike ber fiigbt to beaven. 

'' Oh, day of borror ! Aias, every tbing was swallowed up by 
tbe relentless billows. Tbe sorge tbrew some of tbe spectators 
facr npon tbe beacb, wbom an Impulse of bumanity prompte! to 
advance towards Virginia, and also tbe sailor wbo bad endeavouiw 
ed to save ber life. Ulis man, wbo bad escaped from almost cer« 
tain deatb, kneeling on tbe sand, exclaimed-— ' Ob, my God ! tbou 
bast saved my life, but I would bave giren it willingly for that 
poor young woman/ 

" Domingo and myself drew Paul senseless to tbe sbore, the 
blood flowing from bis moutb and ears. Tbe govemor put bim 
uito ibe bands of a surgeon, wbile we sougbt along tbe beacb for 
the ooipse of Virginia. But tbe wind baving suddenly cbanged» 
wbicb frequently bappens during hurricanes, our search was 
Vain; and we lamented that we epxjlA not eren pay tbis unfortu* 
nate youiig woman tbe last sad sepukbral duties. 

'^ In tbe mean time, Paul, wbo began to recover bis senses;, was 
taken to a bouse in tbe neigbbourbood, tili he was able to be re« 
moved to bis own bai)itation. Tbitber I bent my way witb Do- 
mingo, and undertook tbe sad task of preparxng Virginia's mo^ 
tber and ber friend for tbe melandioly event wbicb bad bappen- 
ed. Wben we reacbed tbe entrance of tbe Valley of tbe liTer of 
Fan-Palms, seme negroes informed us that tbe sea bad tbrown 
many pieces of tbe wreck into tbe opposite bay. We descended 
towards it, and one of tbe first objects wbicb Struck my sight 
upon tbe beacb, was tbe cozpse of Virginia. Tbe body was half 
covered witb sand, and in tbe attitude in wbicb we bad seen her 
perisb. Her features were not dianged, ber eyes weze dosed^ 
her countenance was stUl serene ; but tbe pale violets of death 
were blended on ber cbeek witb tbe blusb of virgin modesty ; one 
of ber bands was placed upon ber dotbes, and tbe otber, which 
she hdd on ber beart, was fast dosed, and so stiffened, ibat it 
was with difficulty I took firom its grasp a small box. How great 



,whicb shq had promised liini never to p%irt jsvith wbfle sho Uvedi 
At the sight of tliis last mark of the fidelity aud tendero^u of tbe 
ynfoi^tuiiate girl^ I wpf«t bitCerlj« A9 for Domipgo^ he beat 
bis breast, and pierced tbe air witb }m ciies« We «arried thi» 
body of Vir^ioia to 4 fisber's but, and ^ve it in cbarge to lome 
poor Malabor women, wbo carefully wasbfid awaj tbe sand« 

*' Wbile tbey were empk^ed in tbi^ mdanchAj o&ee, we as« 
cended, witb trembling ßtejw, to tbe pb^tation« We found Ma- 
dame de la Tour and Margaret at pniyer> wbile waiting for 
tidings hcm tbe ship. As soon 90 Madame de la Tonr saw me 
Coming, sbe eagerlj cxied^^' Wbere is my cbild, mj dear cbild?' 
— -My idlenoe and my tears apprixed ber of b^ misfortuns. Sbe 
was seized witb convulsive stiflings, witb ^agonizing pains, and ber 
▼oice was only beard in groana. Margaret cried-*-^ Wbere is mf 
son ? I do not see my son 1' and fainted. We ran to ber assist« 
ance : iq a short time sbe recoYered ; and being «ssured tbät ber 
son was safe, sbe tbougbt of succouring ber firii^ndj wbo bad long 
successive faintings. Madame de laTour passed tbe nigbt in 
sufibrings so exquisite, tbat I became coQvinced tbere was no m»* 
row like a motber^s sotrow. 

'^ Monsieur de la Bourdonnais sent to apprine me secreüy, tbat 
tb^ cotpse of Virg^mia bad been borne to tbe town by bis order, 
jrom wbenoe it wa» to be transfeired to tbe ebu^ipb of tbe Sbad» 
dock Grove. I bastpned to Port Louis, ^knd found a multitude 
.assembled firom all parts, as if tbe island bad lost its fwest Orna- 
ment. Tbe vessels in tbe barbour bad tbeir yatds /crosaed, tbeir 
flags boisted, and fired guns at intervals. Tbe grenadiera led tbe 
f uneral processioi^ witb tbeir musketä reversed, tbeir drams muf- 
fled^ and aending fortb slow dismal Sounds. Eigbt young ladies, 
dressed in wbite, ^nd bearpg palijis in tbeir b«nd/s> supp(»ied tbe 
pall of tbeir amiaULe companion, whicb wim strew^ witb flowenu 
Tbey we^ followed by a band of diildren, cbauntmg b3rauis, 
and by tbe governor, bis ^eld-officerSi all tbe pxincdpal iababi- 
tants of tbe island, and an immense ci»wd of peo^j^ 

'' Ibis funer^ »olemnily 1^ been ordered by tbe administro- 
.tion of tbe oounl?^, wbo wer;^ desi|o|is of ipßämng bonopra «0 
tbe virtue of Virginia. Comjpanies of young girls ran from die 
]^ei|^bbouziiig plantatipna to ^oucb tbe cpffiA* witb tbeix scarfs, 

o 4 cbaplets. 


«liapletS; and cro wns of flowen—mothers asked of Hearea a dnld 
Jike ViTginia-4over8> a heart as futhful— «the poor, as tender a 
friend— and the slavei^ as kind a mistress. 

'' She was interred near the church of the Shaddock Giore, 
upon the westem side^ at the foot of a copse of bamboos^ where^ 
in Coming from mass with her mother and Margaret, she loved to 
repose herseif, seated hy him whom she called her hrother. 

" Paul roamed about the island, attended hy faithful Domingo, 
and his dog Fidele, in a State of frantic melancholj, and died 
^wo months after the death of Virginia, whose name dwelt 
upon his lips, even in his expiring moments. Eight da3r8 after 
the death of her son, Margaret saw her last hour approadi, with 
that serenity which virtue only can feel. She bade Madame de 
la Tour the most tender farewell— * In the hope,' she said, ' of a 
pweet and etemal re-union. Death is the most predous good/ 
added she, ^ and we ought to desire it. If life be a punishment, 
vre should wish for its termination; if it be a trial, we shoold b9 
ihankful that it is short/ 

ff The govemor took care of Domingo and Mary, who wete m 
longer able to labour, and who sunrived their mistresses but a 
fihort time. As for poor Fidele, he pined to death at the period 
he lost his master. 

'' Madame de la Tour endeavoured to comfort Paul and Mar« 
garet tili üie last moment, as if she herseif had no agonies to 
bear. When they were no more, she used to talk of ihem ai 
of beloved friends, from whom she was not distant. She sarrired 
them but one mcmth. 

'^ The Yoice of the peeple, whidi is often silent with regaid to 
those monuments reared to flatter die piide of kings, has giyen 
to some parts of ihis islaad, names which will immortalize the losi 
of Vu^inia. Near the Isle of AoAer, in the midst of sand 
banks, is a spot oaUed the ' Pass of Saint Geran,' from the name 
«f the yess^ whieh there perished. The extremity of that point 
of land, which is three leagues distant, and half oovered by the 
wayes, and which the Saint Geran eould not double, on die 
night preceding the hurrioane, is called the * Cape of Misfor« 
tune;' and where Virginia was foundburied in the sand, the ' Bay 

ff Th^ body of Paul was placed by the side of his Virginia» at 



49ie fbot of die aaine ihruilM. At tlie bottom of tbe Bay of ^ 
Tomb> two mouiids are nüed to tlieir memory ; and of the 
«Irangen who Lmd on the idand^ Um ihere aie wli6 oadt to rmt 
them.: On that hallowed spot the vemaiaa of liheir mothen 
and faiüiful senrants aze alm laid." 

The glowing description ihiu giyen hy St« Piecie^ of the loves 
and miafortiinea of theie pattems of tnith^ cannot fiul to toodi 
a heart of sennbality ; bat how mneh ia the interest inoeaaed 
by wandering among the very aoenes which witnetsed them! 
How often did I deplore the fate of theie loven^ and heave ihe 
o^ of sjrmpathy in the Shaddock Qtave, and the Valley of Bam- 
boo8 ! Unfortunate pair ! how oft would I dimb the mountain 
«alled the '^ Height of Duoovery/' and think of you ! how often 
voam on the sea-beadi^ and cast my eyes to the fiital paai of St* 
Gemnandthelflleof Amber! bat whenltrod the yeiy spot wheic^ 
cfauqped in each othen* anns^ they He, faithful eyen in death, 
what a train of melancholy feeUngi and tender emodens waa 
inipiied in my breast! and how senaibly did my heart edho the 
woKds of St. Piezre^ that '' if ihose puze spiiits still take an in- 
terest in what passes upon earthj they sozely love to wander b»- 
neath the rooft of these dwellings, which aie inhabited by indua- 
trious Tirtue^ to consdle the poor whe oomplain of diefar destiny-^ 
to cherish in the hearts of bvers the sacred flame of fideKty—- to 
inapire a tßMte for ihe blessings of nataie> the lofe .of labour^ 
«nd the dread of ziches." 

In this island^ reside two old men, who have long had the xe- 
fHQtation of possessing the peculiar power of disoerning obfects 
%t an immense distanoe— a power whioh is supposed to leoeive 
assistence ftom the reCractiTe prqperty of the atnuMphere; bot 
they will not reveal the secret withoat a oonsiderafale oompensa« 
tiinu— '' It arises not ftom miiagej which produees the fata 
morgana^ and othor illusions, beeause these phenomena are snp> 
posed to be only represented when the douds are pecuüarly a>ni-i 
posed ; bat the nqphologi (if such they may be called) of this is» 
land are said to be equally^favoured« whedicr the wellan be over* 
spread or perfectly doudless." One of these penons is said to 
have reported the iq;yproach of the Ei^glish ezpe^tion, four days 
before it was seen by the rest of the inhaUtants; and very re- 
«Wtly one of the old men announoed that a ship with four masts 



jfms i^i^ffoficbiog tbe id^nd : in five ^jb after, twol^xigs amve^ 
pne towing tbe other, wbich waß in distress« The unages of thei^ 
pbjects» fm diseemed in the doudsj anji wbicli^ it is paidj axe in^ 
yerted^ presente^ the appearance of a ship with fou? masts. 

It was one Sunday moming« when the sea^ glittexing like ^ 
lake of pure gold^ calm and unruffled^ and bearing on }ief pure 
bosom the difierent barks lying at anchor in the harbour^ witb 
their ensigns hoi^ted in honour of the day^^ that I lefl mj hofcd» 
^nd strolled leisurely towards the churdi of Port Lonis^ whicb 
rears its sipsple tower within b hundred paces of the Chaisp de 
Mar;. My n^nd \^as oocupied in comparing my native country 
with that in which I then was^ as tp scenery^ culture^ cuitonis> 
and inhabitants ; and eztending my speculation to other countrief, 
in GtäßT to discover any grounds of preference which might exiat^ I 
perceiyed how difficult it was to award a preference of any ooe 
country to another. How adpiiraUy, I thought, has Nature weighrf 
in her scale thQ wants and Qonditions of aU-^in One country^ com- 
pensating barrenness of soü^ with the gift of spirit andenterprii» ijn 
the hearts and habits of its people ; in another^ indulgently bestowii^ 
on the inhabitants rendered by dimate efieminate and weak, both 
in inind and body^ all the necessaries and even luxuries of Ufe> 
without^ on their part^ any tronUe^ except that of stretdiing 
forth their hands to reoeiv e them ! This reflection naturally led to 
the inferen^« that the love of one's countzy, a» an escdusive fed- 
ing, though it has been h>ng consid^ed to be a sublime implanta- 
tion by nature^ in the breast of eyery mortal under heaven^ is a pas« 
sion unworthy to be dierished by a dtusen of the world; and> as- 
suming to myself that diaracter^ I ocmduded that man is as happy in 
HindoQstan^ as in England— 4n Icelandj asin Ceylon ; bat, in die 
jiej^t moment^forgettingmy theory> I wishedto begifted with the 
j[lowerof selection, inorder that I might fix upon the enchantingisb 
in which l then sqjoumed» as the place of my pecmanenjt abode- 

From this reverie I was aroused by the tones of the diurdi«* 

bell» whose call I obeyed by enteiing the house of prayei;» aliaeady 

oocupied by hundxiod^ of well-dressed persons^ of both sexes and all 

ßg^, induding n^ro slaves. The sound of the bell now oeasedi» and 

the ritual of the Roman Catholic service was oommenced by the 

priests, and interspersed with hymns chaunted ^y numerous. cho- 


• liiB u0ual for ships in port, to have the ensign hoisted on Sunday» ttom tb» 
hour of dght a. m. until sunset. 


listen^ to the ttrabs of a ridily^toned organ« So na|iy peiMm% 
öf diflferent'nations^ edoun^ and distixictioii0> wemUed to ven- 
der thanks to tbe great Giver of au Oood, was a fpeetade 
wHcli impredsed xine vfith a sense of the lubUmitj of public 
devotion — that great and glorious pri^ilege, the exerds^ of 
wMcIi adminuters comfort to the hearts of the afflicted> and hap- 
piness to all :•— here the master and his fllaye> the king and the 
peasant^ are reduced to an equality, and beoome the memben of 
one family^ whose head is " no respecter of peraonB»" Magnifi* 
oent pictuies of the crncifixion^ the Virgin Maiy^ and the apos* 
Ües^ decorated the walLs of the building. At the condunon of 
the Service^ a young unmarried lady, of distinguithed family, 
who had been selected for amiable eharacter, as well as exqni* 
dte beauty (qualities vexy eaaily found in the Ide of ^zanoe» 
and therefore as prindples of selection by no means easy to 
apply), tarne forward^ unveiled, and attired in pure white, and 
was condttcted by her father through tiie church> for tfae pw>- 
pose of receiving for the poor the dcmations of the charitabie» 
She carried a süperb bann of solid gold, into which poured 
abandant largesses from all dasses; eyen the CaflQ» slave gare bis 
S0128 : many gold coins were presented by the affuent, and piasties, 
or doUam^ without number. 

As I retraced my Steps, reflecting on the scene I had just wit» 
Bessed, I observed a young la^y proceeding apparendy on har way 
home, and followed by an elderly female, and two daves. She 
wore a dress of white satin, with shoes of the same material ; and, 
as is the custom with the ladies of the island, had her head eoveieji 
With nothing but a white veil, just thin enough to admit her fea- 
tures to view, her glossybkdc hair fiowing in nngkts down the 
lefit dieek. In vain I endeavoured to attract her notiee, and ob« 
tain ag^oe from her ; her eyes were xivetted op the gioond bo> 
fore her; but there was a certain chaim in the diaste jigmty of 
her dowandmeasured Step, whidi spoke in dunib eloquenoe to my 
f eelxngs.«-" tiovely creature !" I whiqiered to mysdf, ^' native of 
thesebewitehingdioresydoubtless youazeas Tirtuoiisas you seem; 
and if so, how happy must bethe man whose fate itmay be tocall 
you bis own ! May you be as happy as you seem fomied by ffwm 
ture to make others !** 
^ Itaadied the hot«l^sighing for the fair Qti»G^ 


to expel fronn mj mind thoughts whicfa made an inioad cm my, 
peaoe> without offexing tbe least pxobability of rdüef. 'At the sanie 
hotel^ an Amexican captain^ two Swedes^ and a Frendiman^ had 
putup; anidevery day, at the hour of two« we all dined together 
in a q)lendid hall, firom die centreoftheceOingofwhidi^asaperb 
Ittstre WH8 fiu^pended. Our fare oonsisted of «oups, turke js, geeie« 
fidcaflsees, jeDies, mannalades, presenreg, and pasties, with Fxeacb. 
wines of the best quality ; noyeau, other liqueun, and coffee. At 
breakfast, ooflPee, and a bottle of excellent daret, were the Substitutes 
fortea^whichwasoutofuse. Forallthesenecessaiiesandluxuries, 
the Charge was but four piastres per day; and whateTer 
opinion I may subsequently have entertained of the pre-eminenoo 
of EngUsh over foreign fare, I was jthen, and still am, tho^ 
roughly convinced, that good living is not confined to England 

Amox^ other French merchants to whom part of my &eight 
was consigned, was a Monsieur Bands* This kind gentleman 
pressed me to make bis house my home during my sqfoumatPort 
Louis; and though I dedined availing myself of bis hospitaUe 
x}ffer, he insisted on my spending my evenings with bis £unily, 
whenever I feit diqKMedtodo so. He hada wifeand one dau|^« 
ter, both of whom, with himself, understood English, and spoke 
it with toIeraUe effidency. This was one great induoement with 
me to prefer the sodety of this amiable f amily to that of othen^ 
equally importunate in their professions of friendship and esteen^ 
my knowledge of the French language bebg but limited and im« 

At Monsieur Barais's, many young ladies would congregat^ 
two orihzee eyenings in the week, to form parties and plans of 
excuraop into the woods and wilds of the interior. On these oo» 
casions, both of plan and of execution, I frequently madeons of 
the ha^y party. A Caffire slave followed us with a hamper, oon« 
taining refreshments; Azzived in the centre of the wood in the 
interior, we would repose on a Texdant and mossy knoU, and ob- 
serve the hafaits and zicbly variegated plumage of the feathared 
tribe, whoBß pnesenoe enhanoed the beautie^ of the wild^ enchant- 
ing seenery whicb gxeeted our sight in every dixectionr No gun 
would we carry to disturb the inmates of this terrestiial paradiav 
and flaijy death thzoughout its peaseful shade^, nor £shing-linej| 


tiCft hoolc. Our demeanour to eacb other w&s actoftted hy kui3> 
reposing confidencej broiherly and sisterly friendthip; our löoka 
and languagewere thoae of ihe beart^— dmple^ pure, andimaffiNsU 
tä. We retumed U> Port Löuis delighted andre&eshed^ wüh ono 
regre^ alone-^-^ihat our excurnon waa at an end. 

It was at one of tliese parides at Monneur Barai/tf, when all wer» 

as usualin the enjoyttientof innoöent gaiety andsodal mirth, tbat 

aal gazed on thehappy group, I beheldaniong tliem the unbiown 

female who bad so stnmgly attiacted my attention on the Sunday 

before, and whose image had, in spite of my retolves, haunted my 

youthful Imagination ever since. My suxprise and delight were 

unbounded^ and I expressed, in tenns of enthüäasm to Monsieur 

Barais, the admiration I feit for her, and with eagemess desired 

to be informed who she was. '^ The y oung lady you so mudi ad- 

mire," replied Monaeur Bands, ''hav not yet attained her thir« 

teenth year, although in appearanoe she is as far advancedas £a« 

lopeans are at twenty-two. Her father, Monsieur Dussere, waa 

one of the riebest merchants on- the ishmd : be had indeed attained 

the beight of prospexity, wben (as is not unfrequently the case) 

bis good fortune deserted bim. The fixit severe shock was feit in 

l9ie loss of a large ship from Bengal, which, witb her zieh caigo^ 

was entirely bis own. She was wrecked on the idand, witbin hia 

s^t; ,every soulperished, and not a rramant of bis property was 

saved. He afterwards speculated largely in rioe, iraported from 

Bengal; and in tbiB undertaking lost the enormous aum 

of Idzty tiiousanddollste: doUecting tb^the still considemUere« 

mains of bis anee prinody £tirtune,bß deposited nearly the wbote 

of bis effects-in a banling-böuse of the firät eminence on the islttod» 

wbicb^ Strange to say, broke three montbs afkrwazds. Still some 

litde souroes of wealth lemained, to collect which, be was induoed 

togotoMadagascärinperson, witb the inteiitionofafterwazds pro«' 

oeedingwithhiswxfe and cbüdren toParis,tberetoliTeinretimnent 

for the reipaindier of bis days. But &te ordaxned otherWise : btf 

jßellä Tictim to poisön,administeredby a female shtve atMadaga»» 

car, in revenge of some ceal or supposed gzievance. The wreek 

of bis fortune was tbenooUectedby bis ftiends,and restoi^ tobia 

widow. It fortunätely proved sufficient to support berself and 

five children— öne boy and fbur girls, incbtdifqr the one you see- 

befiire you. Her Cfaristiattimmeis Louiaa Mariana^; bat by her 



friendB slie Li ealled Virginift, becaiue Ae loves il be^t Wben bat 
an infottt of ihree jears öld^ she was kidnapped by a dea2er in 
slaves^ anä concealed^ during some weeks^ in the inteiior^ wben 
she was rescued by a slave ftom Port Louis^ wbo^ passing aodden-« 
tally tbrough tbe countiy^ saw ber eating a mangd« and instantlj 
recognised Her by a remarkable spot on ber left eyebrow. For this 
Service tbe slave reoeiv ed bis liberty^ ibrougb tbe influenoe of Mon« 
fiieur Dussere^ besides a reward of one tbousand piastresj wbich 
bää been offered in tbe Gazette for ber recovery.— But for tbal 
eircumstance^* added Monsieur Barais^ " sbe would be a slave aC 
tbe present day." 

f'rom tbis recital of ber bistray, as r^narkaUe as briefj I tdt 
more deeply interested tihan before; and I could not realst tbe in- 
dination I feit to request of Monsieur Barais tbe favour to oon« 
duct me^ on tbe following day^ to tbe dwelling of Madame 
Dussere; wbicb be kindly promised to do. I was rejoioed at 
bis compliance ; and seeing Virginia observe^ witb more tban ordi«i 
naiy attention, some engravings wbicb bung in tbe room^ I le- 
solved to täke witb me on tbe morrow a pollection of prints 
wliicb I bad on board, and wbicb I conduded would, in some 
measure, relieve any embarrassment I nugbt feel in eonsequence 
of my want of proficiency in tbe Frencb language« To tbis mea« 
Sure I was tbe more indüned, as sbe could neitber prqnounce npr. 
understand one word of Englisb, scarcely ever in ber life baving 
even beaid it spoken. 

In tbe moming Monsieur Barais was true to bis woid. On 
tbe road be cautioned me to bave a care, and not to become en« 
amouxied of her«—'' For,** added be, '' Viiginia is a £eivourite— bis 
many suitors, and is, doubtless, engaged." I assured bim ihat, 
much as I admired ber, I bad no otber bope or object tban the oo« 
casional enjoyment bf her eompany, during the few remainang 
days of my stay at Port Löuis. — '' If you have," said he, '' it will 
be wise in yoa to dispel tbe one and forego tbe other; for, reoid- 
lect, if tbe attachment were even recqirocal, she could not leave 
her moth^ and sisters, wbo all dote on her—- nor leis doea Ab 
dote on them ; it would only prove a source of torment to you. 
Now, captain," he continued, '' having cautioned you, I bave 
done."— I bad scarcely expressed my thanks for bis fiiendly bint» 
when a young Engliabman, wbo was supercargo of a sbip, whieh 


artived bat a few days hetate ficMh £urope> engaged MoBMar 
BaiaisTf aitention; his nattie was Smith^ and acoeptiog tbe pfof«^ 
fered arm of Monsieur Barais^ he prooeeded with us. In a few 
xninutes we reaehed a neat cottage^ in a wida street in Port 
LouiSj called ihe '^ Rue de Paris/' and were condacted ly three 
fllaves into a capadous ball^ the floor of wliich^ from being kepT 
oonstantfy polished^ was^ like a looyng-^Laas^ and as slippery a« 
ice. Cbeirs, tables^ and a sideboard^ all higbly pölishedj two' 
sofesi with a pair of pier glasses, apparendy of Fvench mamifac" 
ture^ oomprised ils only fumitaie ; but they wäre atxanged whh* 
such a tegard to effect^ as redounded much to the credit of ther 
jfiedr occapants* taste. Madame Dussere^ feUowed by Virginia^ 
soott made her appearanoe, änd apologised to Monsieur Baxaii 
for the absence of the rest of her ftomly^ all of whom were in 
ihe Gountry. 

Having paidoUr respects^ I aj^pvoachdd Virginia^ and presented 
the,.pji:tures I had brought for her acceplaneej wfaich adbn waa 
acoompanied wiüi all the expression I was master of. She ac- 
eqpted them> with a sweetness of manner which deligjited me, 
and eqpiaUy impressed my countaymaii with admkutum of her. 
Among the pxints» some firom the ^' Belle AssembUe" seemed to 
livet her particular attention ; my assiduity was thexefbre en the 
^rfwing to point out the most engi^ging» andiseatingmyself on one side 
, of her^ on the sofa^ Mr. Smith being on the other, and Monsieur 
Barais engaged in conversation with tBe old lady, I endeavooced^ 
by every meaqs in my power, which w&ce chi^y pantomimic^ to 
make myself uaderstood ; butj stränge to say^ I oould not call to 
my recoUection the word "jdiy" although I had frequent ooca- 
fdon to make use of itj and it was perfectly fimuliar to me^ I 
was derefore obliged to Substitute " hon:" thus^ pointing tothe 
pictuxe presented^ I said> in a softj under-tQne> feaxful of ^»* 
pleasiBg-«'' C'est 6o9h mademoisaile ;" biit ny £^aw-aoua^- 
aian, perhaps thinking it.a Htüe unfair that I sfaould moaopoliae 
this ddectable '' 60»," and> doubtless^ wisfaing to testify bis own 
desira to pkiase> e3^da]lnefl> as I preseatad a new otgect tp her 
yiew — '^ BoNoI tnadamzel/' with a John-Bull accent^ and in a 
tOne so vulgär and so loud, that it feil like a thunder-dap upon our 
ears. 1, however^ persevered^ not without some dread of my 
ziyal'ff o?erpowering ^' bong!'^ which came with a regularity 

' eomparable 


tesDlpunlble only to that of the repM; of a aaluting e^^te&A^ 
pounder. As for mjself, never did mortal fed langoage to ba* 
moie necessary^ or the privation ' of it more crueL Bat 
universal love has a universal language ; and, at length, I was 
delighted to perceive (er I greatly flattered mjsdf ) from a cor« 
tain expressum in the eye, and firom her manner, a preferenoe in 
my favour : iram that moDuent ^' bono" feil perfeotly hann« 
less, and caused me no more uneasiness. 

Our stay, on the fitst day, was rather abiidged, so that> an 
our departuze, I xequested, through Monsieur Baxais, permission 
to pay my respects the next moming, which was readily gtsnted. 
My countryman and myself shook hands heartily at part» 
ing, and he sailed in a few days afterwaids for BengaL Mono 
sieur Baiais once more cautioned me to ** Beware 1" 

I now began to study French, with a restless, inddatigaUe 
energy, but attending to the affidrs of my vessel with the 
same activity as before. I, however, found leisure to visis 
Madame Dussere's evexy day, and soon made suffiiaent progRCBs 
in the language to be pretty well understood by her, as also to be 
able to oomprehend my young tutor, though with some little 
difficulty. It was ihen I feit the exq^uisite truth of the following 


<« 'Tis pleuing to be acfaoot^din a stränge tongue 

By üsmale Ups and eyea-^that is, I meon, 
When boch the teacher and the taiight are young^ 

As was the case at least where I haye been ; 
They smile so when one*s rigfat ; and when one*s wxong, 

liiey noOe stiU more, and then thoe interrene' 
Pressure of hands," &c 

It may be well supposed, that the advice of Monsieur Barai^ 
Was soon and entixely forgotten ; I daily drank laige intozicating 
draughts of love and happiness, which, however, as the period 
of my departure approached, were oonverted into a ^ source of 
torment" indeed. In vain I urged Virginia to be mine; she 
Said, that to leave her family, friends, and countiy, at her ten« 
der age*, was impossible; and indeed the shore of her native 


• The fenudes of this country are considered marriageable at thirteen, and 
even at twelve years of age. It is the same in most tropical dimates. They dö 
not, in appeaimoe, wear üuax old age so well as Europeans, although they tn^ 
qnoidy atlain the age of ninety, or even a hundred years. 


sdaiid appearel eVen to Am tti timoA iiunimouiitalik haanäet ta 

the accomplishment of 1117 mAei ; jei, finding in3raelf daaly 

gr^wing more wretehed^ and dxeadiiig to leave the isLmd witihout 

h^, I redöubled my eatxeaties, but still in vain. On the evea* 

ing preceding my departure, I bent my £iltenmg steps to Madame 

Dußsere's^ for the purpose of taiking my etemal fSnrewdL At 

tlttf mterviewj Virginia, approaching me with great tendemen, 

her eyes beaming senaibility^ and fuU of tears, said, as well as 

tke could by nueans of the little Engliah I had tau^t her^ sup« 

posing I could understand her better than if ahe ipoke French— « 

" I have detenmned tö leave all for your sake^ never to leave 

you> and to go with you all over the world i" At thi3 totally 

unezpecfed change in her detenmnation^ my deli^t was oooi« 

plete, and so cöntinued, until another obstade presented itself) 

whidx wönld, I feared« again alter her resolution : her mother 

and idsters, with tears and lond lamentations^ were kneeling at 

her feet, and imploring her not to leare thein. It was a soene 

of heart-rending misery« — " Can I" I whispered to myself^ as I 

gazed on the group before me, '^ consent to make this amiable fa^ 

poiily wretched ? ¥rill it not be virtue^— nay, even justice, to re* 

sign even^^äie ob)ect.oj^ my most tehder affecdon, if she tamnot be 

gained but at the expence of the happiaess of a wh(de fiEimily ? It 

shall be s6 : I will leave Virginia, and urge her no more." Vir<^ 

ginia> however, continued as determined to go, as at first she was 

reluctant. In this State oi things, Monsieur Barais was sent iasrz 

He came. Tfaey adjujed him to endeavonr, by all the means in 

bis power, to alter Vi^giDia's intention ; but she was immovable; 

Monsieur Bairais then, 'tuming to me, said— '' Ah, young man^ 

had you' but adhered to my advice, this scene would never have 

taken plaoe^i" fiy feelings stopped my utterance ; I could make 

no other reply than a s%ht indination ef the head. At lengdi, 

finding all thear measures, entreaties, and persuadves, iinavaüing^ 

they yielded to necessity, dried the^r ^tears, äubraoed^ and Idssed 

each .other, invoking blessiogs on the hea^of Virginia, and supii 

fdicating me to be faithfttl and kind to her.*-'' Here, ai/* said 

Monsieur Barais, interpreting the mother's words, " here is Vir* 

ginia ; take her— -die shall be yours ; her mother never yet con- 

4arolled her iuclination, nor will she control it now." I replied 

in teims asappropriate as the agitation a£ my mind would permit.; 

« H and 

atid ihe hext moming sbe Ivas made mine, by the Romaa Cathblic 
fonn of marriage^ . in the cburch at Port Louis. 

Immedi^tely af ter the cereipon^ I repaiied on boaxd^ to sa« 
perintend the fitting up of mj cabin^ I had it saatted, and deoo- 
rated ina supeiior manner^with pictures— ^handsome piecglas^^ 
and ornamental fumiture ; in short, with every convenience> and 
indeed luxury^ which it is possible to possefls on ship-boaid* 
While my orders were being obeyed^ I cast mj eyes towards the 
enchanting island, and sighed at the prospect of leaving it, even 
accompanied by Virginia ; but to have left it without her— the 
idea was insupportable ! Every requisite preparation being 
finished^ and my vessel ready for sea^ I retumed on shore, ist the 
purpose of conducting my bride on board^ and to weigh anchor 
immediately. On landing, the first object which attracted my 
notice was the person of the Jersey youth^ Captain Thomson^ 
with whom I had taken my passage from Ceylon to BengaL I 
approached him with the familiarity of an old friend, and said— • 
" Teil me^ my dear Thomson^ to what good or iU fortune I am 
to attribute the pleasure of this interview P*' — He replied with 
congenial warmth^ expressive of the pleasure he feit in seeingme^ 
but with an averted brow^ and a sigh. which came tr&Ox the very 
" heart's core." From these indications, I judged he had met 
with one of those miofortunes which are incidental to his profes- 
sion ; nor was I mistaken in my conjecture : he had boen buznt 
out of his ship at sea^ during the voyage immediately foUowing 
that which we took together, and thus lost every thing he po6- 
sessed in the world. He however succeeded in obtaining ano« 
dier command^ and then married. He next sailed for the Cape 
of Qood Hope, and^ on his passage, was wrecked on the island 
of Madagascar, where himself, and all his crew, were sei^ed by 
lihe natives, and sold to slavery among dififerent chiefs of their 
tribe. It was his good fortune to be redeemed, through the in« 
fluence of a celebrated prince of that cpuntry, named Badamii, 
restored to liberty, and delivered over to the Engliah authoritje^ 
who sent him to Port Louis.— -^' And what do you now intend to 
do ?" I asked.— ^' Do I any thing for you, if you will bui take 
me round with you to Bengal." — " Well then," I replied, " I 
sympathize with your misfortunes; the liberal treatment Ixom 
ceived from you when we sailed togetber has ziQt escaped n^ i»* 



coUection; fluid if you think tbe Situation of chief officer with me 
for the Toyage to Bengal worth your acceptance^ here it is for 
you, with any advance of pay you may require ; I sail in two 
hoaxB henoe." The jrouth of misfortune feit zejoioed at this un- 
expected change of drcumstances^ and declared it had more the 
appeaianoe of romance than reality.— -'' Henceforth^" said he, 
** let US neyer despair^ even in the depths of adversity; for the 
vrretched to-day may be happy to-morrow." He took charge the 
same hour, dedining to reoeive more than twenty piastres in ad- 
vance, as I had told him that my wardrobe would afibtd every 
thing necessary for himself, without any inoonvenienoe to me. I 
was afterwaids surprised to find that, in having acted the part 
of a friend to a deserving youth, I was directly benefiting my« 
seif; for my insurance from the Isle of France would have been 
invalid, if I had not carrie4 a European officer. 

The hour of departure now came. I repaired, with Monsieur 
Barais, to Madame Dussere's, and was there witness to a scene 
of distress, which I had not prepared myself to expect, and one 
not inferior in interest to that from which I had but just escaped : 
a group bf young ladies, residing in the settlement, were kneel« 
ing round Virginia, bewailing^ with her mother and family, her 
approaching departure, in terms of piteous and heart-rending 
sympathy : The poor girl was in tears, and distresscd b^ond the 
*power of utterance. Her eldest sister's husband, Monsieur Du« 
bois, who had come to Port Louis, from bis residence in the 
country, to bid her farewell, and Monsieur Barais, were admi- 
mstering consolation to the old lady and the three sisters. Two 
palanquins were at the door; one for Virginia and her eider sis- 
ter, the other for the two youngest ; a third was sent for, to con« 
▼ey her juvenile friends, to part with whom, entwined as they 
were, and had been from her infancy, round her heart in love's 
strongest bonds, was as painful a task as to tear herseif from her 
own family. At last I drew her, with gentleness, from the 
embraces of her mother, and conducted her into the palanquin, 
which was followed by the two others, myself, Messieurs Dubois 
and Barais, Walking by her side. We proceeded towards my 
boat, which was waiting for us at the landing-plaoe ; crowds of 
Oaffres, and poor inhabitants of the island, the aged and infirm, 
who knew her father in bis happiest days, lined the stairs, to bü 

H 2 her 


\ax adieu ; aad wben sbe wan seäted xti the bost^ ivlucli shcnred oflT 
mtantly^ Imndkercliiefs and liands waved tliousaiidg of Idnd wislie» 
tintil we reached tlie vessel'g mde. A cbair^ lined with the Britidi 
enogn^ and &gtened liy a xope rore thiough a Uock on tbe xnaia 
jrard-arm^ then xeceivedher; she was quicklj houtedon oordecky 
and I oonducted Her to our cabin. We tben wei^ed and sfxxid 
out to sea, and by tbree o'dock jp. m.^ tbe iaiand boxe its fonner 
resemldance to a doud. As eyening approacbed^ I took my last 
farewell of an Island wbicb bad been tbe scene of the mott inte- 
resting and important curcumstances of my Hfe. As for Virginia^ 
jBbe was overwbelmed witb grief^ and couM not quit tbe cabu^ 
eitber to sigb or look a farewelL 

I was now bound to Tappanooly^ on the west coast of Sumatnu 
We were again favouied witb fair and gende gales: Thomaon 
was a social friend, as well as a clever seaman^ and reliered mj 
mind of a great share of tbe responsilnlity. By degxees \^xginia 
recovered her epirits^ and in tbe oourse of tbree weeks resumedber 
wonted gaiety and cbeerfolness. Tbere bad been wanting bot 
tiliis to complete my bappiness. On some fine evenxng, wbile we 
were seated on deck, sailing pleasantly over die blue waters« and 
ihaded firom tbe sun's rays by an awning^ sbe would amuse us with 
a song, or witb entertaining anecdotes connected witb her &nily 
and her fair island — for tbese were her favourite tbemes ; and wbea 
sbe desca^ted on tbem, her eyes and features would become ani« 
mated in a very remarkable manner. Sbe would relate her ad- 
Tentures too; but wbat pleased me most was her account of tbe 
£ngllsh Invasion, wbicb was to tbe foUowing purport :— * 

'' It was," she said, *^ a usual tbing before tbeinvasiou, tohear 
of one or two Englidli cruisers lying in wait off onr Island to pu^ 
up merebantmen ^ privateers : our frigates tben went in pursoit. 
Sometimes we could distinctly bear tbe firing at sea, as of sbips 
engaging; and on tiie occasion of a victory, the captured enemy 
would be brought into our port, amid general lejoicing; and on 
any great occadon, an illuminadou would take place. I bad beaod 
tbe English mucb talked of, but as I resided more generally in the 
country, than at Port Louis, I never bad an opportunity of seein^ 
one of your countrymen befbre tbe invasion« I was informed that 
tbe English were white men, spoke a different language, and mn 
turally deligbted in scenes of war and blpodshed ; for wbicb teaaoo 



ihef wMe coBtv of die oolour' of blooi-Mlutt they wete mm 
to woiiien> tnd domestic pursuitf ;-*-«iid tlial in their own ooimti^ 
thcy wonld lead their wives, wben beeome tind of them, wilh a 
rope round the neck^ to the bazar and there seil them. In uhast," 
she conlintted^ ^' I was led to bdieve tliem oom^to «atsgea^ and 
exgmeßceä. an involuntary shudder at tbe mentumof mEi^luh« 
man, asof a tiger orother wild beast. 

^^ Some months after the public rejokings in Poft Lmds, in 
eonsequence of threelarge English diips (poasibly East ladiamen) 
hBYiag been taken, and bronght in, I was at tiie country^-houae cft 
mj dd^ aister's husband, MonBieur Dubois, n pleaant cottage» 
atoated in the Bay of theTomb; the sea waa in front, a thick 
wood $stended on üie light as far äs the eye oould readx ; and oa 
our 1^, in picturesque beaaty, was a landscape of . hill and dale, 
through which a nairow stream meandered. One e^emng, just 
after sanset, die füll moon shining with great brilliaaiy, and the 
lepose of natore being unintemipted ezcept by the noise of the 
distant breakers, when my sister Marie and myself were aittingia 
the gaiden with Monsieur Dubois, who was enjqjing the refredi« 
ing cooiness of the sea-breeze over his cigar and wine, we were 
accosted by one of the eiders of the isbuid, who^ having plaoed 
hiinsdf by Monsieur Ihibois, said— •' The English aie certainly 
fitting out an ezpedition to take possession of this iaboid; they are 
«zpected heie every day.'— -' Do you think,' teplied Monsiquv 
Dubois, ' we are strongenough to repel the inv^den?'-— ' I fear 
aot/ Said the eider; ' the English are a powerlui eneiay ; whnt« 
cver they undertake, they usually aocomi^h, by means of an over« 
^hehning foroe.'-*-^ But,' replied Monsieur Dubois, ' our govemov 
will resort to estiemxties ; it is certain, if he loses the Island, he 
will haye great cause to dread the resentment of Buonaparte, ^nd 
he knowsit; so that we may expeet wann workherebeforeloi^/ 
Then it was that I first became alarmed. At that moment, another 
friend, from Port Lcuis, joined us.— -' Have you heard the news?* 
he said, and, without waiting for a reply, proceeded to inform us, 
that 'Every male upon the islandwas to be held in requisition for 
military serrice; the English,' added he, ' are on their way hi« 
thw to invade us/ At this dire intdligence, Madame Dubois and 
myself bewailed our sad fates, wringing our haads, and shedding 
fears. My faxtet said--*' What, aUs ! will be^om^e of us and our 

H 3 Utile 


Httle.ones ?. tbe English will murd^ our poor innoeents K-^ Na f 
they sliall not/ said my sister's eldest boy« but ox yean of age^ 
' for.we will beatUiemoff— ^rillwe not, &liher?'-—'Yes>iiiy brave 

'' The nezt day> every male on tbe Island capabk of eanyin^ 
annSj was enlisted ; tbe drum and fife were now continually play- 
ing in Port Louis^ wbere^ but a few days before« notbing was to 
be beard bat tbe voice of social bappiness and jocund mirtb. Bat- 
teries were erected ; large cannon^ moved from Port Louis, for tbe 
purpose of being placed in different parts of tbe island, produoed^ 
as tbey were dragged tbrougb tbe streets, a bollow soundingnoise, 
of terrific portent, wbicb, wben I call it to recoUection, makea me 
sbudder, even at tbis day. Notbing but warfare and deeds of 
arms, were talked of ; and many of our youtb would boast bow 
many of tbe iuvaders would fall by tbeir band. 

'^ In tbe mean time, I was busily employed witb my beloved 
iamüy and juvenile Mends in selecting a place of security, wbere 
we ooul4 bury in tbe eartb, our jewelsy and gold and silver Orna- 
ments; for we beard tbat if tbe Englisb took tbe place, our bouses 
woiild be bumed, and our property eitber destroyed or taken fix)m 
US. Accordingly we lepaired to a tbicket, about two miles from 
Port LouiSj selected a spot unfrequented except by ourselves on 
gala days ; and tbere, vntb ^e greatest secrecy, prepared, as tbe 
depository of our treasure, a large bole> of about tbe deptb of twa 
feet ; and baving covered it neatly witb turf, we retumed bome. 

^' One nigbt an alarum of cannon was beard ; sbortly afterwards^ 
anotber ; and at tbe interval of a few mii^utes, a tbird ; tben a 
fourtb ; so tbat in a little time, Port liouis was a scene of incon- 
ceivable bustle, and every male eitber under arms, or on tbe alert. 
It proved, bowever, a false alarm, baving been caused by tbe sud« 
den appearance of two of our own frigates in tbe offing, tbe cap« 
tain of oneof wbicb bad confirmed tbe rumour so prevalent among 
US— tbat tbe Englisb were coming« 

'^ Tbus one entire montb passed away, every bour of wbich 
found US in a State of dread^l anxiety, suspenso, and terror. At 
lengtb, tbe Englisb not making tbeir appearance, we relapsed into 
a State of security, and began to tbink tbey would not come at all. 
One evening, as two of my sisters and myself were seated by our 
motber« chatting togetber gaily, we agreed to go tbe fbllowing 

. .. moming 


iQöming to the Bay of the Tomb, on a visit to Madame Dubou ; 
accordingly^ we rose at four^ our usual bour, and commeBoed our^ 
joumey^ delighted with tHe songs of the birds wbicb caroOed on 
tbe trees^ and our spiiits exbilaratedby the moming air, and by tfae 
expectation of seeing our friends. We bad not prooeeded abore a 
mile^ before Antoinette^ my eider sister, tumingf to nie anddenly^ 
exdaimed^ ' Look ! tbe red flag waves on jonder mount^ Vitgüiia ! 
and Barais told me, tbat wben tbe Englisb were in sight^ we should 
See it tbere; it is called tbe Englisb flag.'— 'O nof I replSed^ 
' this is only your idle fear ; beUeve me, Antoinette^ tbere cannot-ber 
any danger, or we sboidd baye beard tbe alainim cailnons fire in 
tbe night ; so let us prooeed.' About half a mÜe fortber we bad 
to tum the comer of a tbicket; and our astonishment aiid terror 
were extreme, wben we bebeld tetended before us, a line of Frenplr 
fix)t soldiers, and some artülery-men, drawing canntms after tbem 
with great rapidity. Sbortly after, a troop of borse gallöped by^ 
us; they were tiommanded by tbe govemor bimself. — ' Retiie, 
young ladies, immediately to your bomes,' he said ; 'you caimot 
oontinue your way on this roM ; isbe Englisb ate in ogbt, aiid all 
communication with tbe country is cut off/-»* Pray permit ui^ fiir; 
to proceed only as far as tbe Bay of tbe Tomb, in order to con« 
duct oux dear sister Marie back with us to Port Louis, or wbat 
will become of her ?'-—*' I cannot listen to you,' be Tepäeä^^ Re« 
tum directly r said ohe pf bis officers in attendanee, ^or you mBj 
lose your lives !' Our alarm for our belored sister was gx«ater. 
tban £or ourselves ; it was tberefore with reluctance, and in deep 
affliction, tbat we retraced our steps, now with tears bewailing 
her fate, wbicb we supposed inevitable, now expressing our won* 
der bow our poor motber would ^suppert tbe sbock. In a few 
minutes a French artiUery soldier, canying a letter in bis band; 
advanced towards us in haste, and seemed to be going io join the 
govemor. We arrested bis progressh-«^ Pray teil us, goed nlah, are 
\he Englidi indeed come ?' — ' They are.'— ' Wbere tben- will they 
first land?'«-^' It is supposed at tbe Bay of Üie Tomb: but I am in 
haste-*— if you -asoend yonder mountain, you will see tbem.' He 
then left us, and we dimbed tbe mount, As we approacbed its 
summit, we saw tbe sea covered with innumerable large sbips, 
some at ancbor, some sailing about, otbers coming in ; and furtker 
qW, a bost of tbem under a press of sail, attempting to ovi^rtake tbP99 

H 4» in 


iü advaüce. How tfaendidourhefimfailitg f Ata»! #e eiclsdiuefv 
what shall we do ? Whitlier lE^all we fly ?— atid then sat dewn 
aad wept. 

'. '' Jüst belcrif us^ on tbe road wldch led to tlbe Spot where tbe 
goyemor was, a detacliment of foot soldiets^was marclniig menüy 
tp a band of music^ all apparently in gc»od e^rits^ Ia«gbing and 
jöking with one another. Some female Cafi&e glaves tben i^ 
proacbed and told us, not tobe afraid^ but to gobome^ as thej htA 
heard tbat all tbe women were ordered to remain witbin deois. 
We accordingly retumed to our motber^ wbo in onr absence bavin^' 
beaid tbat tbe Englisb bad knded at tbe Bay of tbe Tomb^ -wt» 
in dread^l suspenso as to tbe fate of Mane^ and refused to be 
comforted. Our juvenile friends now all flocked aronnd us^ and 
we closely grooped onrselves togetber» dismaj depicted on our 
ooantenances^ and despair in possession of our bearts: not a wcnd 
of consolation bad we to offer one to anotber. 

'^ Business was suspended ; tbe sbops were sbut ; and not a 
gndn of rice^ or a morsel of provision of any kind^ conld be pro-*'' 
cured. We bad in tbe bouse notbing but a little dry rice^ and 
tbat was soon consumed among so many» As eyening approacbed^ 
we sent out one of our female slayes to try to procure sometbing* 
Sbe retumed in about an bour> declaring to our great mortifica«^ 
tion^ tbat notbing wbateyer was to be obtained in Port Louis» 
nor a person to be seen^ except now and tben an officer^ or mes^ 
senger on borseback^ galloping to^ or from^ tbe country. At seyes 
p'dock, it being a moonligbt nigbt^ we yentured out^ and unper« 
edyed^ contriyed to conceal our little treasiues in tbe plac6 wbich 
we bad prepared for tbem. 

'' Neyer/' sbe oontinued^ '^ sball I forget tbat dismal nigbt^ wbeii 
tbe borrors of tbe surrounding stillness impressed our already faint« 
ing bearts witb additional dread. Our imaginations presented to 
USj witb a yividness wbicb alniost realized tbe scene> tbe Englisb 
bursting in upon and killing uS. Gatbering douds eclipsing tbe 
moon's ligbtj now produoed total darkness^ wben a &11 of bea^ 
rain took place^ wbicb continued during tbe greater pari of the 
nigbt. At interyalsy tbe noise of distant cannon would be beard; 
affording us tbe only circumstance wbicb we could seixe upon^ in 
Order to diyert our attention ; and to tbe sound of tbe cannmi^ sac* 
a silenoe soarcely less borrible« Wbat were our feelbigs 


xnomeAt weitering in their blood ! such reflectiontf made us ding 
more dosely together ; and^ seated on the floor^ our «nn$ entwined 
round one another^ we Icx^ed in vain fbr relief either fran withitf 
or from witbout. 

" It was not until tbe hour of four on the following morning^ 
that we could dose our eyelids; we then enjoyed tbe luxury oi 
i^pose untü tbe sun had risen^ but were tben distnrbed hf tbe 
8ound of borsenen galloping tbrougb tbe street. Tbe only objecto 
bowever^ wbicb we could distpiguisb^ as we peeped tbrougb an 
apertuie of our caaement^ was a Frencb dragoon officer^ galloping 
hj, and at tbe same time Todferating, ' fermes vo» porte»/ In 
äbout an bour be disappeared^ and we tben once more ventnred to 
send out our alave witb money to try to get U8 flomd provisionsc 
Three minutes bad scarody elapsed wben sbe xeturned witb tettor 
depicted on ber countenance^ and in a voice of deep and pitilul 
distress^ said to my motber, ' Ab> Madame ! wbat sball we do^ 
Tbe Englisb are coming tbis way ; tbey are dose to us ; wbitfaeir 
sball we fly f At tbis intdligence we all tumed pale> and 
questioned ber as to wbetber sbe saw tbem. ' Qo/ sbe replied, 
' on tbe peHt mountain, and you will see tbem plainly/ It was tben 
proposed to venture on tbe mountain (not furtber from us tbatt 
the distanoe of a stone's throw)> in order to ascertain tbe real ex^ 
tent of our danger ; and baving tbrown our diawls loosely avef 
our sboulders, we reacbed tbe summit in a few minutes« Then 
it was tbat we first bdield tbe Englisb sddiers: tbey were at 
äbout tbe distanoe of two miles to our rigbt; in number innume* 
rable ; and all clad in scarlet^ tbeir arms and aCcoutrements glittifer« 
ing witb a glaring brigbtness in tbe sun's rays. The dreadful 
spectacle soon terrified us back to our bomes; and wben tbere, 
our terrör was increased by tbe continued roar of cansons and 
musketry. Tbis appalHng noise increased as tbe day advaneed; 
and bence we naturally ooncluded tbat tbe Englisb were on thdr 
advancetoPortLouis. TbedragoonofficernowagainmadebisappcBT« 
anoe^ and^ as before^ vodferatedas be galloped tbrougb tbe street», 
* Fermes vos portes /'— ' Fermes voe partes /• In tbis State we 
continued until five o'dock in tbe evening^ wben suddeöly a great 
number of Frencb soldiers^ as well as of navid and military offi<set% 
were seen to retur^ in stragglingparties ; and we then teoArtil 



tbe inteUigience tkat the govetnor had cgpitulated. Manj of the 
Frencb were obseryed to t^ar the insignia of their tnilitary Orders 
&om their persons — their epaulette8> side-arms^ and even coats, and 
to throw them indignantly into the middle of the street. One was 
heard to exclaim^ * Thu8> vain trinket^ do I. trample tl^ee under foot-* 
thee^. which now^ but teminds me of my dishonour 1 This sweet 
island^ with aU its fair inhabitants^ and alluring charms^ is ours 
HO longer \ We leave you all^ like fair and blooming lilies^.to be 
plucked by the hands of our enemies ; while we depart for ever, 
and seek perhapa in vain for happiness^ in other and distant climes.' 
In the mean while^ all were making eager enquiries after their re-t 
spective relations ; and while some had to deplore the loss of those 
mo8t dear to them^ others were rejoiced at the retum of friends 
whom they scarcely expected to see again. 
• '^ The shops and bazar in Port Louis were now opened, but 
every countenance was marked with anguish^ and a chilling dul- 
ness reigned abroad^ which was in perfect unison with the great 
ealamity with which the island had been visited. While we were 
bvwied in anxious inquiries after my sister Marie^ and concerting 
measures to open a communication with her, by means of our 
«laye, she, to ouir infinite joy, suddenly made her appearance 
with her ehildren, but in a State of deplorable exhaustion and 
distress. The £ngli£h> she informed us, had deposited the dying 
and the wounded in her house, and even requested, but in re* 
qiectful terms, that she would afibrd to the sufferers her personal 
»sristance ; but the shock given to her feeHngs by the sight of the 
suxrounding horrors was so great, as to deprive her of her senses 
for a time ; and she had only that moming recovered them, and 
gained sufficient strength of body, and presence of mind, to make 
her e9cape with her children, and to venture, unprotected, to Port 
Iiouis* As for Monsieur Dubois, her husband, he was with the 
azmy, and for bis safety she was very apprehensive, and, indeed, 
in a State of dreadful anxiety. — ' Alas 1' she would say, ' if Dubois 
is killed, >yhat will become of my poor little one& — to whom can 
they look for Support?' We mingled our tears with hers, and 
yi^ with jeach other in affbrding her and her little ones every 
consolation and assistance which ^heir condition required. As 
soon as her slowly-returning strength would permit her to hold 
pgnverse, we put to her numerous questions, especially as to th^ 
.f conduct 


«ondiKit oi ihe B^glish : how great wat our mupriae toliear hei 
Baf— -' That the English officexB^ so fax from bdng %he lu^cotttk 
xace of savage kurbarians which tliey had been lepresented to he, 
caxried themselYes towards her wiüi tlie most tender andiespectful 
behaviour; and tliat> oonsideruig ihey were enemies, she was 
much pleased with them^ finding all of tliem extremely gallant^ 
and flome of them verj handsome men.' 

. " We still remained in-doors, in a State of alann^ as we imder« 
stood that the English were to enter Port Louis the foUowing 
noming. While we were oonTersing tc^ther in a group on the 
floor, as is the custom in my country, and passing our opinions 
on the great events which had just tranq[»ired, who should enter 
our drdQ but Monsieur Dubois ! Marie, already too weak, waa 
unable to bear the shock which this unexpected pleasure occa« 
sioned, and, falling senseless, she was in a moment folded in hia 
arms ; while he>— the big tears rolling down his cheeks, ezdaimed 
^-'' Thank Heaven I I dasp thee, my wife, and youj my littlo 
oaesj to my heart,— once more !" 

" Early the nezt moming, it was reported, that the Englisb 
were on their mardi into the town of Port Louis. Upon thia 
we secured our house, as well as we conld, by bolts and bars, fear«« 
ing they would try to force an entrance ; but in this condusioa 
we were most agreeably mistaken. Through a crevice in our 
casement, we could plainly see all, without being perceiyed. At 
m o'dock the wounded, both English and French, appeared, 
some carried in hammoc^s, others on boards ; their number waa 
considerable; and so pale and ghastly did the poor creatures looky 
that we all pitied them. This soene brougl^t before our minda 
the sufierings of poor Marie, in being compelled to witness the 
agonies of the dying andbleeding objeets with which her house 
at the Bay was literally ciammed. After the wounded, followed 
the English soldiers, led by their officers, music playing, and 
colours flying; and so orderly was their march, that our fears 
were in a great degree allayed. The march into the town conti- 
nued, excepting some very short intervals, during the whole of 
the day, and the greater part of the night. The next day the 
sepqys arrived, dad also in scarlet, and so numerous, that a con- 
siderable time el^psed before they had all passed. At length they 
i;eached the barracks^ when order was once more restored in cur 



lilllo iofiety ; tl» ahi^ were openedM-^trade resmaed ksaerenl 
ftToeattoiMh-*«iid society its wonted gaiety ; nq longer were feaM 
enteitained of tbe English ; nor indeed did we «carcelj erer 80s 
to £nglish soldier^ utzless wlien^ on a Sunday ayening, cnjo^'injf 
the nuuic on the Cliamp de Mats. After a oonnderable period 
of time had been wasted^ almost inevitaldy, in natural yesäoxine», 
and in*freqiient broils between the English and the Ftench, the 
condnct of our conquerors was such as to win the confidenoe and 
esteem of the inhaHtants in general ; bat as for me^ sudli is tiie 
effeo* of habity that^ until I saw jou^ I continiied to entertain 
an-inoonceiyable dread of your countrymen. We at lengdi vea- 
tared to remore our little treasures from their hiding-place, aad 
feand them in as good preservation as when we buried theou" 
' Virginia and I had a favourable voj-age ta Tappaneoly, cnjoj« 
ing together eveiy eztemal comfort— «odety, music^ golden proa« 
pects^ and especiallj young We. The objects which pleaaed 
her most were^ the roracious shark in bis entanglement*' — die 
varying and iridescent hues of the dying dolphin— »the shoals 
of bonetas and albioores> which^ in countless numbers^ boonded 
swiftly byj — ^the flying«fish— and the himinousappearanceof the 
iea at night : all these were to her new objects of suiprise^ and 
her enjoyment was mine :— we were^ indeed^ happy ! 

In äbout seven weeks from our departure^ we s^^roadied the 
West coast o€ the Island of Sumatra ; and when near to Taj^a« 
nooly^ rounded a smaU isbind^ of a conical form^ which reaia its 
head about nine hundred feet above the surface of the sea; it la 
called ^* Munsular." The trees on it are decorated with leaves 
of an eztremely small siae and delicate texture, and diipoted 
with admirable unifonnity. As we approached this island fnm 
the southward, and saüed round its north-eastem e&tremilyj a 
magnificent waterfiül^ the noise of which had caught our atten« 

' tioa 


" The duok h inTi^ldy sttended by a remaikable fish, called tfae << pilot-lblk 
Two or thiee of thisapedes pieoede his oourse, at the distance of a few feet» mk 
one or two swim on each aide of him. The Yulgar q[>inion is, that they supply 
the defidcDcy of smeül in the shark, and cater his food for him ; in retam tat 
which aervioes, they are reoetved into his jaws as a place of refüge on the appioach 
of danger. When the shaik is caught, I have seen the pilot-fishes swim aboot» 
ieemin^y in great distress, until he is hauled up, when they disappear. They 
aise each ftom eight to twdve inches in kngth, marked with transTene streaks of 

UaeaadayeUowishbrowns and ftom the deck ofaibip their appetnaioett<ft« 
Irendy beautiftil. 


tion whea w« iv'ei^ 0onie toS» fistanl firom ic, fttdiep]^ bml 
upcm üur Tiev. It täkes its 0ouice at the mountain-summit of 
die idand ; it was at Üob time about twenty^^eren feet in \ddihj 
and ruAed dovmwaxds to the 8ea> ^with a vdocity and grandeur 
wldeh ao entiranoed us in enthnsiaatic admxration, as to prevent tfce 
ca^presskm of it. Its xoar, b$ we approadbed neaser^ becam^ 
louder, and xesemUed continued leports fiom IflCrge ca]uion> te« 
iwjncüng ns of the trutib of a lemark liy no vieans new^ thaft 
tbe mighty aoenes of natcuce^ caiue to appear inagpifiea^Lt and ifee* 
ble> not onlj ttie higbest productiaDa of the homan ixaoä, bul 
the miad itself^ unaUe as it is to comprehend th<?se aoeneSr 
Hexer, as in the neighbourhood of the Ide of Fraiice^ tbe txaa^ 
parent dearnes? of the sen enabied us to dbtinguub, witb amat 
anngiaia&ty, the bottom^ at the depth of tbirty or forty feet, witb 
its beds of coral^ to a coosiderable extent^ and tbe ßAes sporting 
amoo^ tbem ; but, on tbe wbole> we were not now presented 
with so tiansoendciatly grand a fl|iectacle as ,oa the former oc« 

Tappanooly next opeoed to our yiew; it is asmall island, about 
ti^ nülesdiatant from tbe main land; upon it is stationed aa 
Englisb xeddent^ wbose bungalow^ out-^bouses^ stcnre-bouses, the 
inoperty of tbe East India Company« and a small Malay villag^ 
flitüated at its northem extremity^ constituto the wbole materiit 
of übe Island. Between it and the main land^ is fonned one of 
tbe fbiest barbour^ in tbe woiid, said to be capaUe of containing 
one bundred and fifty saü of tbe line. In this barbour, about 
a quarter of a mile distant from Tappanooly^ we came safe to 
andior at tbree o'dodc in tbe eyening. Tbe aspect of the main 
land is mountainous and woody« wild^ and picturesque. 

The najdves of tbe island of Sumatra are Malayf^; i^nd tbe iof 
baKtants of ils west ooast ai» copadered to be 1^ treajcbefaus 
and fetodous than those d Aebeen^ tbe Moluocas. Batavia^ and 
other eastorn Settlements. Their oompleadon is actually yellowj 
bdng destitüto of the tßß, iingfd yrhich, wiijh tbe yellow^ conslir 
|;utas tb^ t^^qpty pr oopper cplour ; tbeir nails are dy^sd led: ibef 
ase generaliy diort in statüxe^ Seidom exoeeding ~five &et eight« 
witb noses ratber flat^ ears eSKtended^ cbee): jbones bigb^ moutb 
vnä^j a^d bay; lang and flowix^. Wbat n^Mt stxikes the attea^ 
^ion 9i flOßS^gsss», vrtoct oonddeciiig their jeiKO»s^ is the admirable 



femadoii of their legs^ whicb^ being left tiAei, are aliöwa iä 
great advantage. The Malay ärea consistfl of a vcBt, a xobe, a 
xnantle^ a ^dle (in wldch is fized the crease^ or ^a^er)^ and 
Short dmwen. A fine doth is worn round the head. Hie cliief 
pnde of Malayan dress^ is the crease ; the poorest Tassal wea» 
it ; and that of a pangaran, or chief, is very expensive, ihe sheaUk 
and handle being finely carved^ and richly fillagreed with gold. 
The Malays are fond of imitating the English uniform ; and aie 
often Seen te wear the English cocked hat^ and red or blue mili« 
iary jacket^ with pantaloons and boots. If seiiously offended^ 
ihey are sanguinary^ cruel^ and unforgiving; and nothing bat 
reyenjge^ will satisfy them ; but if well treated^ they are finind ta 
be dodle^ faithful^ and attached domestics^ and oourageous foUow« 
ers. They have a gravity in their general demeanour^ and a dig« 
nity in their step and galt, which are very imposing and remadc« 
able : they are indolent to excess^ and it is difficult to penuade 
them to work fbr money^ preferring, as they all do^ poverty with 
independence^ to splendour with servitude ; they have few wanti^ 
änd those few^ bountiful nature satisfies with little or no lahour 
on thdb: part. As to their religion^ itappears^ from what I oould 
glean from those of the best informed among them, whom I had 
an (^portunity of conversing with, that some of them heuere in 
a Creator, and in a future State of reward and punishment; but 
they have many absurd ideas on the subject of the power of in« 
visible spirits over their persons, fates, and actions; and tlie 
rest of their faith is a mass of paganism, superstition, and idolatiy. 
Some of them possess great oourage ; and I know several instanees 
of even true heroism. One I will adduce, being acquainted with 
the parties ; but it would be too much to infer, that every Malay 
would act with equal magnanimity in the same drcumstanoes. 

A few years ago, an English officer, who was on a yisit to a 
firiend at Padang, a settlement a few miles to the southward, thea 
in the possession of the English, but since delivered over to the 
Dutch, £requently observed a young and lovely Malay girl» re« 
markable for faimess of complexion, and exquisite beauty, pan 
the bungalow he resided in. He feit a violent pasdon for her, 
and by bribing a third person, at length succeeded in communis 
citting bis sufferings to her. Through the same Channel, he 
leamt^ that she was macried to a Malay, with whom she lived on 




goöälätKis. Still he cottld not daist fztun iiWliilging die hop$ 
rf one day giatifyuig Ibis infatuated paasion^ and expended large 
mims in endeavouring to undpnnine her virtue; bat she rejected 
his addresses with beoonung fortitude» Her lesistance, unfortu« 
nately^ onlj served to add fuel to his flame ; and diiven, at hat, 
to de^ration, he determined to xesort to any measnres, however 
4UhoQOuxable or dangenoas^ rather ihan lose his prize. Theze 
was .a Malay^ of apparent re^ectability^ whose house the offioeir 
vr«! in the. habit of firequenting : to him the seduoer, in oonfi* 
dence> imparted the secret which had so long agitated and op« 
pressed his bosom ; and he was overjoyed to hear the Malaj pio^ 
mise to insure him the possession of the girl> m conaderBtion of 
zeoeiving a certain sum of money. The proposal was aooepted 
with avidity ; and he was to call at the same hour on the follow« 
ing day : he did so, and soon found himself in a room alone with 
the objeot of bis passion, who wai^^ or pretended to be, texxified at 
the sight of hinij and attempted to escape^ but in vain. He ae- 
cwppBshftd his purpose by force^ and afterwards remained with 
her some days^ in the Malay's house, using his utmost endea^ouis 
to sooth and oonsole, by every.means in his power, his mudv« 
injorad victün, who, captivated by bis winning and agreeable 
.manners, and by the costly presents he lavished upon her, became 
at the eskä of that period, not only recondled to her ravisher, but 
dosDtediy attached to him. Tlmt successful, he took a bungalow, 
or eottage, and made his favourite the mistress of it. 

In the mean time, the unfortnnate hnsband, finding that hia 
wife did not retum- to her home on the evening of the day oa 
which she- left it, made düigent search and inquixy a£ter her'; 
but such was the secrecy with which the whole affidr was eon^« 
ducted, that he oould make no discavery ; and xondnded that she 
had eilher destroyed herseif, or been kidnapped ibr the puzpoBe^of 
being sold to slavery» Being fond of her to distraction, it was 
some tii9e befiire the poor wretch could hold up his head; and it 
was not until a period of ^ix weeks had elapsed, that he heard ahs 
was livipg openly with an English offioer; the infiituation of 
the parties had probably xendered them carelessly secure: hisas« 
tonishment was then as great, as were his conflicting feeüngs of 
jealou^ jand reyenge^ insuj^xnrtable. The Englishman being 
li^, jre^pectable in.rank^ elegant and pi^possj^ssing, both in man-^. 



aenaod in pexBom, of social diapomtioHi and indeed^ notw^tbstatid*» 

mg tUs ssd faUiBg off in lai oonduc^ occasiosßd by a wiujrJ^ind 

of passion^ a man of «tniable &eUngs> had a host of viaitocs oon* 

tinuaily at bis dwdling. One eyening, as be was enjoying tbeir 

^odety^ enliV^ned by tbe^circulatingglass^ indmation was brou^^ 

Inm, by one ef bis attendants, tbat a Malay sougbt admiiwiott. 

^ Wbo ia be ?" was tbe questian» '^ One wbo bears a mesaaga 

ftom anotber." He repaited to bis yerandab^ and tbexe saw aa 

i^ed Malayj wbo was a perfect iatranger to bim. The sbraogar 

bbwed respectfnlly^ and^ in a finn tone^ addressed bim to tbe fol- 

loving purport :-^" Young man^ I come from my wn, to teil you 

tiiat be knowsyou possess bis wife; be insists upon your restaring 

heat to bim before tbis time to-morrow ; otberwise you will aa 

Burely be a oorpse^ as tbat you now breatbe and live.** Tlie latter 

part of tbis barangue was delirered witb conaiderable energy 

and animation; tbe old man indeed^ was even seen to shed 

tears ; and baving exided^ disappeared instantly> witbout waiting 

a reply. Tbe Englisbman was paralysed at tbis suddettiuxdim- 

expected denundation ; bis countenance betrayed tbe emotions of 

bis beart to bis friends^ wbo soon divinefl tbe cause; andj in tbe 

absence of tbe girl^ strongly advised bim to escape widi ber in a 

sbip^ tben on tbe yety eve of saüing for Batavia ; but be spumad 

tbe Suggestion^ conceiving tbat to yield to it would be cowaidioe, 

imd passing tbe böttle^ determined to bury care in wine. ' ^Ilie 

party did not separate untü a late boar^ and pronused to meet am 

ibe foUowuig day> to keep tbdr friend in countenance, to cheer up 

bis q)irtts> and td de&nd bim, if necessary. After securing bis 

cbamber, witb ibore tban ordinary pr^caution, and pladng a 

braea of Ibaded jpi^tols, and a crease, under bis pülow, be retiied 

to rest, <^ Qourse lefjnining from imparting to tbe fair partner of 

bis bed, tbe fearftil tbreat of tbe stranger; but bis uneäsiness 

fiottld not escape ber Observation, and sbe employed tbe most winc 

ning persuasives in ctrder tö prevail upon bim to reveal to ber ils 


Tbe ne^t moming, a Malay servant of bis/ wbose life be bad 
been instruairaxtal, tbiou^ Providence, in preserving, by procuring 
bim medieal aid, and affiardiag bim personal assistanoe \mder a 
raging fever, wbicb ended in a delirium from wbicb be bad but 
zecentljr ^^ecovered, gently tapped at bis cbambar door, intutMing 

a wish 


mwUb te flpeäc tolaB mksSb». The offioer, suflpocäag treaclieiy> 
wMifc oul into 4lie ▼erandah sstaei, when lös lervant told biin> 
a^ter Kpntei inJHnctions to seprecy^ %he breaoli of whicli^ be wiä, 
woald fae lus inevitable dfistmoliotij iliHt thexe was a ^MgH ob 
:foot to murd«r him tbat niglit^ unlen the girl weire Beut home in 
tJie ceune of the day. The offioer oonaideritig hia aervantf s intuna'* 
tion ag caiifirmatory of that of the old Malay^ co&sulted with hia 
finenda, wlio thought it moBt prodent to eommunioate the whole 
afiair to the English Besident^ in order to ohtainhisadTiee^ and, if 
poedhle, hia awbtance in tjieur altei&pt toseciMFe the peMon of the 
aanam. Hie resident, on heariag Üiß tele, iretnediately dispatched 
offioeia fn hia a^irehensum, bat he waa nowhere te be found» 
Thatevenng, üke^die ppoeeding, was paasedby the eflieer in the 
aocaety ef ß. nnmeroui fMity of fneiidi, wheii> about the hour of ten> 
iiyfflnnatiett was brou^^ that a mao, whose penon k was impos* 
«Me to distfaguish in consequenoe of Ae daikness oi tiie night, 
hadbeen seea topiowl about the premises, andon findäag himsdf 
discxD^esed, had qukfcly made hk escape. Attwelve o'elocfc the 
ooaqMniy bvoiDe up, and he redred to bis chambei^, havmgaataafied 
l)inue]f that no strenger was in the room ; and aAer taking, aa 
befinde, exttaof&uuy pj^ecautioBS to secure himself firom the pos* 
aäliiity of intntsion ift the night, and, aa befiote, {Pacing hia 
wei^pons under Iiii^.pÜIcMr, he wwt to reat, md soosr feD into a 
j^opoiaaad üeep, foMed^ the aroM of hia beanteeus paslner, whose 
bosom was bis pillow. He had s^pt about thtee honn, when, 
on a sttdden, he feit hds bosoad loughly pressed, and hia shoidder 
▼icdently ahaken. He awoke, and was horror-atruck to behold 
Standing over him, a Malay, beaiing in eaeh band a nd^ed ctease ; 
«i^t waa the injured huaband. Thei» is something in the very 
naitire of giiilt, wh^ unner?es the stxongest arm, and aaps iSttB 
vesohstioa of 4^ stootest heut, — and these weie the effeets pro- 
duoed upon the Engtidmuan: in bis oonfiision, he folget the 
pistols beneath'his ^^How ; and before he eould collect bis scattered 
senses, the Malay, pieseating the point of ^e crease to bis 
bosom, while he held out the handle of anotfaer fbr bis accept« 
anoe, said^— '' Friendt, arise ! take Üas, defend yoursdf quickly : 

I you> 

* It 18 usual, in ahnost eveiy pari of Ama, to keep a lamp buming in the 
Chamber during tfae night. 

i* The mode of salutation in use among these people, on the occasion of a 
hoetile message, or on the onset of a oontett, which ii Ükdy to end fatally to onc 
or both of the partie«. 


you^ or J, mudt now die !"-— and at tbat instaat, made a deq^ehrte 
lunge^ which was quickly parried hy the Engliahman^ fihe point 
.of wbose crease entered the fleshy pari of bis oppQnent's mde. . 
Quick as thougbt^ a sucoession of lunges, or rather of transvene cuts 
(such as are usuaUy made witb the crease), fbllowed« The £ag» 
lishmaQy tliough an entire novice in the use of the weapon, wbile 
his Opponent was a skilM adept in it, continued to parry his aims 
almost by miracle« During the oontest, the girl sueceeded in 
making her escape throtigh a hole which her hnsband» to . tttedL 
his entrance, had cut in the matting forming the sides of the 
bungalow: it is supposed that she fied into the interior, for die 
was never afterwards seen or beard of at Padang. At leagth, 
both being covered with woimds, and weak from the loss of blood, 
every cutj though made at random> took e&ct. The Engliahinan, 
now summoning all bis energies, and in the hope of tcgminating 
the contest in his own favour> aimed a deadly bbw at htf ad^er* 
siu7> who> in attempting to parry it, staggered, and» fbr a mo* 
m&nt, threw bimself off his guard. Of that nunnent the Engliah« 
man availed bimself^ and Struck his crease into the Malay'sshool- . 
der, laying bim prostrate at his feet, appaiently dead> ezpeckiiig 
every instant^ from loss of blood, to be stretched side by aide 
with his antagonist ; he then tottered towards the door to arouae 
his servants, who, being all wrapt in sound sleep in the veraadah, 
were unoonscious of the scene which was passisg in their maater's 
Chamber, when just as he was in the act of lifting the ktch^ the 
Malay, having reoovered strength^ leaped up with the fleetness of 
a roe, and ran bim through the back. He feil ; and having briefly 
related to bis friends the particulars of the fight^ he eacpiied at 
eight o'clock> expressiug, with his last breath, uneasiness for the 
girl« wbose &te was unoertain ;-— commending the generosity and 
courage of his Opponent, and leavlng strict injunctions that he 
should be nc^further molested. The Malay, however, gave him« 
5elf up to justice, was tiied, found guilty of murder, and executed. 
The Malay women are fair, and some of them bandsome, poa- 
sessing expressive dark eyes, eyebrows as regulär as if pencilled, 
and small feetj which are esteemed a great beauty. From their 
known addictiveness to jealousy, however, under the dominion of 
which fatal passlon thcy commonly resort to poison, to satiate 
their thirst of vengeaace, Europeans, in general, consider it 



tather hitzardoUs to associate with tbem. I bave heard Englisb« 
men^ who have spent the greater portion of thdr existenoe among 
these people^ dedare, tliat it b almost imposdble to düsolvea con- 
Bexion* onoe fonned mth a Malay female^ and live, unless the 
düsolution be effected either bj fligbt or by artifice. The females 
oi Acheen, and of Java espedallyj are zenowned for their espert' 
ness in the art of preparing poisons ; and pnde themselves in it : 
they can seal tlie doom of their victim prospectively, almost to an 
houTj even allowing a period of some months to intervene. Not 
only go, bat when the demoniacal spirit of revenge actoates them, 
they will spare the lifo of ihe object of theb: hatred, or jealousy, 
for the vety puxpose of making it wietched by protracted torment : 
they can even, (and this practioe is too often resorted to,) deprive 
him of the powers of manhood« I ooe day saw paanng along 
the streets of Tappanooly, a Maky female, nearly as fidr as 
a European, of exquisite form, of eztremely delicate and sensitive 
exterior, and with the air and gait of a woman of education and 
acquiiement : she wore a vest of ootton, which reached ficom her waist 
nearly down to her andes ; over this was thrown a robe of taffeta, 
oovering her person from the Shoulders to the feet» and fastened to 
the neck by buttonsof gold. I observed to a£uropean standing by 
me, that she was, to appearanoe, a divinity. — ** Woold," said he, 
'' she were as rieh in humanity and virtue, as in personal charms ; 
but, on the contrary, she possesses the passions of a satyr, totally 
ungovemable. Already has she buried, within the last three 
years, no less than four young husbands, two of them £uiqpeans, 
and it is pretty well understood how she oontrived to rid herseif 
of them. In short, it is evident to all, that they were poisoned : 
but, such is the sabüe nature of her art, that it is impcssible to 
bring the proof home to her, with power sufficient to convict her. 
She is now perhaps in pursuit of a fifth ; but I think her suocess 
doubtful; for although she possesses beauty enoqgh to attract 
admiration, she is too notoriously dangerous to be trusted.** It 
would, however, be obviously unjust, so to generalize, as to brand 

X 2 the. 

• It may not be improper to observe} that a oonnexion with a female in the 
Blastem Archipelago, where the marriafj;e tie is dispensed with, is ^ewed with 
indtdgence, in oonsequence of the State of sodely, and of the scazdty of female» 
of respectability, education, and acqiürements. 


tiit whele TBce With such a stigm»; and every lover of the sex 
"^tlÜ liatut^all^r tonsider tliis instance as a lamentable excepUoil» 

No sk)oner häd I bfought my sliip to anchor off Tappanooly^ 
tbari I repaired to the dwelling of Mr. Prince, the resident, a 
'getttleman as much and as deservedly esteemed for the amiable 
-8imi£eit7 arid engaging mildne« of Ms mannen, <» he is dutin. 
guished for the able and indefatigable discharge of his public duties. 
I produt^dä letteraddressed to this gentleinan by my Pondicherry 
agents> requesting his infonnation andassisttoce in the delitery of 
a eargo of pepper, which was comigned to me by a JVeneh mer«- 
cfaaht of Pondicherry, and Was esqpected to have dready arrivedat 
T^tppahooly ; bat he toM me that he was totally ignorant ef any 
such consignment having airived on the Island, or indeed of any 
being dn its wäy ; änd fihat owing to ^he great scareity of pepper 
tm the coas^ just then> it was almöst impossible to procure any. 
This was a severe disappointment to me ; but it was amply com« 
pensated by the circumstance of a cargo of soft sugar, which kad 
been reeently left on the Island by a ship, unable, from having 
ifprung aleak at »ea, to proceed on het voyage, being now for i»* 
taediate sale. Prom recent äccounts-current, received from Ben- 
gal> it appeared that the prtce of sugar at fbat place had risen, and 
was then e^remely high ; so that tx)mparing the prime eost of the 
BÜgar at Tappanooly,withtheBengal price, I oondtided that thepur« 
chase of it would be a speculation t;alcu]ated to afford a more than 
reasonable profit, that is, according to an estimation by no means san« 
guine>one hundred and twenty per cent, at least. The drcnrastanee 
also of my having on boardthe total proceeds of my vanbus freights 
since I left Bengal, amounting in spede to eleven thousand three 
hundred and twenty dollars, and the loss which I should incur liy 
sailing in ballast, acted asadditionalindueements to vest the whole 
of my funds in the purchase of the sugar on my own account. 

This tum of fortune's wheel in my favour, threw me for a time 
into a transport of joy. Hard did we labour to get ottr vessel ready 
for sea witfa all possible expedition« In the tdiort space of one day and 
night, the brig was hove down, her oopperrepaired, her sides fresh 
dammered *, and she was made altogether perfectly water-tight. I 
then iimnediately commenced taking in cargo, with all the energy 


• Dammer is ü lund of vegeUtble pitdi* 

which the mki^öf antiui fonndied wiA the opblest Stimuli towacr 
tioQ-^die desKTO o£ incre^smg tlie hoppiness ot ^n a^^^ctionate and 
ecmflding wife^ and^ at the same time^ of possessing richas^ indepen- 
denoe> and power^ as the means of enjoyment and of dping gppd> ia 
<^paUe of exemsing. While i w$w busied in superintending the 
wdghing of a portlon of |3ie cargo oa Aore, ThonuKm was receiy-* 
ing on board the portion already weighed, and stowing it away. 
With sesp^tto Vlrginia^her time was agreeablj mnployed in mal:- 
ing little excuioons about the island^ atte^ieä. by Malay girla^ her 
attention being mudi engaged in noticing its natural iHX)ducti6n«j 
most of which were enturely new to her» or in observing the man-» 
nen and habits of the natives ; and her remark« on aH that she had 
both heard and seen, were delightfully refreshing to me aft0r the 
fatigues of the da]^« A beautifnl hid had been pre^ented to her by 
a pangaran, or. chief; tben on a visit to the 9esid^t ; andoften, 
when die was seated with it by her side^ holding the. playful littl^ 
äi^imal l^aribband^ tied to its neck^ did I thinkof Steme'sUfaxja» 
and r^oiee tl^ U was not Maria I saw before me. In the ipace 
of five daysi wasonee more readyfor sea^ the cargpnow n^own^ 
«8 well as the ship^ in whieh ^^ frail barl" I hadventured^-HPiy idL 
Oa the moming previous to our departure^ we were ooncemed 
to find that our boat^ the only one we had powessedj had disap^ 
peared during the night: having been festened by a irope to 
the stem^ we condiuded it tnust haye been 8t<deQ^ We were the 
more chag^:ined at thisj beeause there wasno pos^ibility of procur« 
ing another at Taj^anooly ; and to sali witho\it one, was at least a 
hazardous nndertaiking. Aftar bidding CureweH to Mr. I^nce, 
who Idndly loaded ns with jnresents of fruit, we set sail for Hin^ 
doostan> wiih a ^ieaseiit breeae in ourfavour. We had not however 
proceeded far, scarcely indeed having cleared the land, before Ute 
wind began to fall gS; and a ^trong current soHing agaiast us, 
we eame, es we supposed, to an anchor £br the night, about two 
nules distantfrom the shoi:e, whidi was lined with a formidable ne«t 
of breakers ; and after paying out eight fathoms of cable, squaxiog 
the yards, and setting the watch, we redred to rast« Scgroely had 
the midnight hour passed, all <m board'bein% asle^, esccept Thom- 
son, who had just relieved one pf ' the secunnies on the watcb> 
when I was awoke by the voioe of the former bawHng down the 
icompanion««*-'' Csqptaiii Kaufirfigus! Captain Naufi»giisi we'ce 

i^ .fittt 


out at sea> sir !"— " Indeed ! How can that be?" True, liowever, 
it proved. Not a vestige of land did tbe moon gratify our 
gazing eyes withal^ and we conduded that our cable nnut have 
been cut by tbe rocky bottom. I deeply lamented losing my an* 
chor^ so soon afler my boat, and directed tbe lascars to baul in 
tbe slack of tbe cable ; tbey did so ; but instead of tbe cable's 
end making its appearance^ a cbeck was felt^ wbicb prevented 
tbeir getting any more in. The serang then went over the bows 
to ascertain the cause^ and discovered the anchor suspended by the 
buoy-rope; it had got entangled in the fore-chains> widumt 
having reached the bottom at all ; consequently^ while suppoäi^ 
ourselves to be safe at anchor^ we were^ in fact^ at the mercy of 
the winds ; but fortunate it was for us the wind was not fitnii 
the sea^ as in that case we must of course have beenblown on the 
rocks : as it was> I was delighted at recovering my anchor> and 
Unding the whole property safe^ as also our lires. By the nezt 
moming, we regained our Situation on the ooast^ but the wind still 
failed us^ and- oontinued to fail for a whole week^ so that we 
made but little way« At length a breeze sprang up^ which waft* 
ed US onwards^ sixty or seventy miles^ and died away again> leavisg 
US onoe more becalmed ; and I began to suspect that^ so fitr as the 
^elements were concemed^ my good fortune had deserted me. On 
the moming of the tenth day from our departure^ I was again 
awakened by Thomson.—" Captain Naufiragus !" — " Hulloa !"— 
^^ Here is our boat ; she is come back^ and is just beneath our 
•bows."— " The deuce she is !" and true enough^ there she hy, 
within ten yards abead^ as if expecting and waiting for us ; bat 
-of her six oars^ four were missing: glad enougb^ however^ were 
we to see our old acquaintance^ and she was soon hoisted up to 
her birth at the stem. 

It was my custom^ when we were eoasting during the night, 
to Station one lascar on each bow^ and one on each gangway^ for 
the purpose of keeping a good look-out. To keep tbeir attention 
constantly awake^ it was necessary for the ofBcer of the watch 
(either Thomson or myself )^ to pass a watch*word every half- 
hour, which was«— "Co«p daek^ougeell" or, ^^ Look out JüTm 
ward r This was immediately answered by the lascar at one gang« 
way>-— passed round forward^ and concluded at the opposite one. 
It was amusing to hear the different voice3> vith the droll, 
unsonorous tones of these siiigular seamen. Oue night^ how« 

erer, when^ in the absence 6f the moon, the stars wcre beauti- 
fully coni^icuous in the vast expanse above— -the sea quite calm, 
with a surfaoe almost as unruffled as that of a mirror^ and no- 
thing to he wen but the fitful glitteiing of fishes' fins^ reflecting 
the 8tarlight«^together formmg a delightful soene für medita« 
tion^ but one which^ heightened acr its effect was by the hour^ 
and the leigning stOlness^ was apt to lull the senses^ and teal 
the eyes in slumber, and of which indeed I myself began to feel 
the infltience^— when> in fact^ we were " d noddin',** I recoU 
lected myself^ and having shaken off my own slumbers^ 1, with 
the intention of azousing the lascars firom theirs^ bawled out^ 
withstentoxian lungs— '' C(mpdaek''Ougetir'^^* Coup daek^eghr 
was the xeply, long drawn out; another — ** Coup daek-tegh !'* 
(still islower) ; but the thiid lascar^ (poor wretch !) drawling out^ 
in a tone of voioe hazdly audiUe— »" Coup da-ek-degh I" in an in« 
stant^ — feil into the sea ! In vain was the alarm given^ and the 
boat lowered : he sunk into bis final sleep^ bis bed^ the ocean. 

A zising breese soon wafted us beyond l^matra's shores^ to a 
more northern latitude ; it was the south-east trade-wind, cany« 
ing US nearly within the influence of the south-west monsoon ; 
but we wexe not fiivoured with such propitious gales as iformerly. 
Still our spirits being in the true vein for enjoymentj we ex« 
pxessed a hope, which Thomsom heartüy partidpated^ that we 
might nerer be less happy than we ihen were ! This hope was 
scarcdy bom^ when the sun setting with more than usual bril- 
liancy^ and leaving its path marked with streaks of gold^ a bird 
hovered over our heads> and suddenly alighted on our tafirail : 
it was one of " Mother Cary's chickens^" which by mariners are 
considered as harbingers of ill^ and generally^ of a furious storm, 
At a waming of this kind I did not then feel disposed to take 
alann ; but there were other wamings not to be slighted — ^the 
honJEon to the east presented the eztraordinaiy appearanoe of a 
black doud in the shape of a bow^ with its convex towards 
the sea^ and which kept its Singular shape and position un- 
changed, until nightfalL For the period too of twenty minutes 
after the setting of the sun^ the douds to the north- west conti- 
nued of the colour of blood : but that' which most attracted our 
Observation was, to us, a remarkable phenomenon-^the sea itn- 
mediately around us, and as far as the eye could discem by the 

1 4 light 


Ug^t cf tbe mooii, appearedj fco* iboat fi^ly flftinttiefl^ of « pei» 
fectly milk white. We weie ykiieä by two noie dndbem of 
Motber Gary, both of wbicb soUgbt zefuge, wilü <rar fint yiaitiir^ 
on tbe mainmast. We aoBüded, bat foiiiid no baf tarn at a kcmdied 
fathoms : a bücket of tbe water wiM tb^n dnwn up, the aUzfiw» 
of wbicb was Bpjpaxeaüy cdvered willi imiümtaKbie i^arka of &» 
ri— an efifect said to be eaused bj tbe anioMdcalft wbick i^Mnmd ia 
aea^water : it is at ^ timeB codmibn, bat ^e ^aakb aie not in 
general so nutoeceu^ nor of raeli ma^itüde ^ weie tlioae wbidi 
theo preseated tbemsdives» The babd top, betag ^iped ih Ibo 
water» and imoiediatd^ witiidrawn, ^lousands «f tiieoi wonld 
seem to adbo« to it. . A disxöal hdlow bieete, wlnbb^ aa ihm 
night drew oa> bowled l^mmgb our riggiüg, and infcued into qs 
all a sombre, melancholy feeling» incireäsed hy gatbäiing okmäm, 
and tbe altogether ^rtentous State of the atmoiphäie and de* 
m^itSj ushered in the fixBt watch, whiA ifras to be kcpt hf 
Thomson» . >. 

Abottt eigbt o'elook> loii4 claps of tbundcc^ «ach in Und 
Uing a screechj or the blast of a trumpet, mtbe^ tfaan the 
bling sound of thunder in Europe^biüivt over tm beadsi» and 
^micceeded by Ti?id flasbes oi forked lightning^ We new siade 
every neeessuy p;epatotidn 6x a «tom, by ^tiüang. tiie tap^ 
galhmt-mastSi witk thdr yards» dose reefing the fopnils «nd 
foresaüj bending tbe stoxin-staysail» «id batt^niag dofwa Am 
niain hatch> öy&r wbicb two tarpaulins were naSed» fer ibe 
better preservatioti of tbe oaxga We obsorved iAnamenMä 
sboals of fisheSi the teotions oi whidi appeated to be moare 
Vfiually vivid «ftd redundlant. 

At twelve o'elock^ bn my-takiag ebarge of ibe detk, die 
bore a chaxacter widely different ficoin thiit which it ftmentaä, 
but three bours before. We now sailed tinder dooe-r^efed aara* 
tppsail, and foresaii. The sea ran high ; our bazk kboatfed bnd» 
and pitched desperately, and the waves kshed her s&das willi 
fiuy, and were e^idently increaarag in farce and siee» Over head 
nothing was to be seen but huge travellibg «^udif^ dfied by 
saihwsthe "iteoA," Hvhich hurried onwards wilh ^e fleetnenof 
the eagle in her fli^t. New stnd then the mooii, tiien m hat 
second querter, wonldabew her disc for an instatit, ImtbefakUly 
obBcaxed; <« a star of '^paly" ligbt, peep out^ and abo disqppear. 



Tke weil wal savaittAt \mt tiie iwd did not yel fludke wem 
vater llu« wliat loi^ be^^ooted ia fueh ft leaj we ]i0weT«K> 
kq^ the {mn^ going» st interaA^ ia otdir to fnfftat the caargo 
äoni atiliiMiiig dtiiai^. The ivind aow mamadSi^ «nd tke 
woTM XDOD Mghatz aimit .two o'daBk Ui m* Üt^ wtttüiait tm&k« 
t<)|MMdl-4liiet gsvft wflf I ^ iülitai i^pttt tDnbbott^ «iid befiMw 
n^tsovU duttit iipiy WM conqdeufy Uown «Wi^ firan tbe Ml» 
xiof& The fimsail -«tos tbsti Ibrkd, iioVi«)thoat gfeat diftettlt3% 
«Ad immihtftt hiusasd te lihe •eanai, äie ifiorm Myiail dkme 
WitiifeUBidiiig "thü iBig^t|r ivnid^ - Mich wmod io gidii Meiig^ 
dvefjr laM'^umi:; mkäm Hw m»^ ia fii^lsfol «aUimity^ towcrad 
to all incradäle htsght^ fim^eatil^ anUag tt ixMiiplttte teetdi ovsf 

Al four o. i»i. I was trikr^ hf Tbaumm, who at dayligkt 
appriaed na «hat thtoawmiapaHatwattpnii^, aad tbat tfi6 gale 
wasiniifiaitig. .. flcaacel]r.had J goaa oa dack^ whea a tremen* 
dotts aea lAtmk tm a üttk ^ «haft Uxa biasi/' oafrjHbg emy thing 
befixe it, aad Washfaig oirarIXNffd hfeiMKMfB> eaUet, imkasetAa, 
aad iadeed aveiy iBo^peaiib attkU oa Ae daek. ThoaMob ^ aloMMt 
If ttarpde» teei^ heiag loat; bal httfiag^ Ia aoAinioa wiUi th« 
laMaEB^ tafcaa tbe pacauäm to liah a tope itmad Us waiat^ we 
wcre aibfe^ by ita maaaiy to «siaricaca hiai fhaadaagef; atthe 
Momfe tarne the «onaL diade aa aiipelling luMh, lyhig down oa her 
hetoofti^adf^ ia wlndi^paRtidad»iaaiabad fyt Aa apaoeitf twa 
aunizteg^ when Um TwaiiHapiiaitt, ^bfloared bf äie fnelopaieat^ 
weat b]r the boaai, wilii a dreadftü ttHEiah ; shetheati^ted; aad 
we wate all iaiaiediatefy «isgtged ia goiag aloft» aad wHh hat- 
cheU GuttLqg away Um wxadc, eaeh 4i «la baiag iadied wkh a 
tsf& rooadlhewaisti xo|pe8 wara-i^ ftaiened aeranthededt^ 
ib paialiaL Jiaes^ toholdaaby; fe «aoh waa iha Tioieaee ctf I9ie 
yaaiei^i aaidoa» that without «u«h aanstaacd it wacdd have been 
hnpaidhle to ttaad* As Ibr -ny ¥kgnik> ahe was h& her cot> 
hearing aE.Aafc was going f(»wttal <m deek y . ü a aa tbfe af her 
daagex^ aad^a- ]^aey to the mpfrefaaadba «f aieeting a 43eatfi aiaiSfaar 
to tiiat ef ^ber pretotypi^ aad aq^iiaHy dNadful. 

A'diiaaQag ihaa«r amr Malaie aa^ aad ha^di^ conti»ued ibr 
Kriae time^ waa at leagth «««oeeded by heavy raia> which 
haifdiy^ been «oamrtad inM deet> watt aanied m flohea mviffcly 



along'tlie tops of the towering mountains of aea ; 
the cold sensibly affected tbe already exhausted lascan, at onoe 
diaiiicIiiuDg them from exertdon^ and incapacitatiiig d^em fiorn 
makiiig anjj; someof tkem even sat down, like xnaiuinate sta* 
tues, with a fized staze, and a deatUike hue upon their counte« 
nances: the most afflicting dicumstance was^ tbeir being desti« 
tute of warm clothing, which th^ had. neglected to provide 
thenutelves with, as they ougbt to have done, out of the four 
months' advanoe they received in Calcutta. All ihat I eonld 
spare was given to Thomson ; but unable to endure the s^ht of 
their misery, I distributed among them many arddes which J 
couldill spare^-^Hsheets, Shirts, and Uankets; except oneof the 
latter, which I had reserved as a provision against any forther 
extreme of suffering which might yet await us. . There was ooe 
poor lascar, a simple inoff^osive youth, about ninetieen, who was 
an object of the liveliest commisseration : he was.neärly naked^ 
and in that State had been oontinually drenched by the sea aad 
rain, during the whole of the day and night ; he was hoüding 
bis hands up to heaven in a supplicating attitude, and «l^atmg in 
an agueish fit ; the tears feil in torrents down bis cheeln, whüe 
he uttered bis plaints in loud and piercing lamentatioDs: xmaUey 
at last, to witness bis misery any longer, I rushed down to my 
cabi&— '' Can you, Virginia, spare me this blanket, witfaout 
feeling the cold too much yourself ?-*it is, tö save the life of a 
fellow-creature."— ^' Yes, take it ; but stay with me, or, under 
the horrors I feel, I shall die in this cabin, and alone. I know 
we must perish, and why not die together ?" I entreated her to 
Support herseif with all the fortitude she could collect, uiged the 
impossibility of my keeping her Company, as eveiy momeot called 
for my assistance; and assuring her there was no real dang^r, 1 
hurried on deck with the blanket, and wrapped the poor wietch 
in its folds. I thought he would have worshipped me J Hif joy 
and gratitude were unutterable, but not greater than the over- 
flowing gladness of my ovm heart in having relieved bim ; and 
fuUy convinoed I am, that no pleasure on earth is comparable to 
that of doing good, nor any rewaid greater than a self-approving 
conscienoe. Evexy momeut I could seize, I hurried into the 
cabin; and indeed, it required my utmost exertion to support 



Virginia under the sütrouniding tenors ; sKe seemed to be in st 
State of stupefactioKi^ and was almost fiiinting in despondency. 

The wind now blew a oomplete huiricane ; our yessA strained 
and pitclied dfeadfiiUy^ so that^ from tbe violenoe of its motion^ 
ibe oldest sailots on board were sea-^rii^^ and^ from inoessant la« 
bouT) and exposuze to tbe weatber^ in so weak a oandition^ tbat it 
^9^ vfiüx tbe utmost difficulty we could get tbem to do tbeir 
duty ; some pcayedy-^thers stretched tbemaeives resignedly along 
ihe deck^ and tbwe feil aaleep^ or radier into a Stupor^ from wbich 
it was impoflsible to arouse tbem; they seemed to be indifferent 
to every tbing^ 6Ven to tbeir own preservation ; and of all tbe 
citew^ tbere xemained but tbe tbree secunnies^ Tbomson^ and 
myself^ witb one or two stout lascars^ to work tbe vesseL 

Dnring tlie latter part of tbis trying period, we bad notbing to 
eefre out to tbe crew bot flour and water; tbe rioe, biscuit^ and 
ealt provisaons, wbicb we bad resenred, being consamed^ and tbe 
Test being in tbe sbip's bold^ wbence it was impossible to get it» 
witbout opening tbe main batcbes^ and tbat would bave been cer« 
tain destruction. Even tbe flonr and water^ bowever, were use* 
fiüj baving kneeded tbem into dougb^ wbicb Tbomson^ wbo bad 
strack a ligbt^ not witbout great dificulty^ in consequence of tbe 
-tinder baving got wet^ contrived to warm, in a kedgeree, er 
-eartbem pot, sufficientlj to make it palatable ; tbis, witb a Ixtüe 
rum, wbicb fortunately remained in our caUn, was oflfered to as 
many of tbe crew as were in a oondition to partake of it ; and 
Englisb, Mabommedans, Portuguese, Malabars, and MussolmansE, 
all ate togetber, and swallowed tbe vivifying liquid in pezfecft 
barmony. Tbe followers of tbe Propbet were afterwards xe» 
'minded of tbeir transgression ; and tbeir answer was, tbat Ma« 
bommed, wben be framed bis probibition against tbe use of ardent 
'spirits, did not contemplate tbe possibility of bis vötaries being . 
placed in sucb a condition as tbat in wbicOi they bad been* 

Tbe burricane oontinued witb unabated fury for tbe spaoe of tbree 
days and nigbts ; on tbe evening of tbe fourtb day, it was, apparent- 
•ly, at its bei^t, and about midnigbt a sea striking our boat, dasbed 
it to atoms, blowing it away from its lashings, and leaving but a 
'part of its skeleton, wbicb we instantly cut away. The la^cars 
-bad now become still more drowsy and desponding; fortunately, 
however, Jittle remainedior tbem to do, as our storm staysail was 



ihe only fall we b»d bent ever «nee tbe Im» of our tm topmastsi; 
and tfaat was blown awaj duruig tbe night; our main and fare 
yBxä$ were lowerod on deckj and tliere was nothing left Standing 
except the two masts^ wliich trembied like reedsj and every mi< 
nute thxeatened to go by tbe boaid. The well was soonded everj 
ten ndnutes^ and irejoiced wexe we to find our bark did oot mait^ 
any water. Not having had a sigbt of tbe sun since the oom- 
menoement cxf tbe gale» it was impossible for us to keep (mr zeck« 
oning ; but as we bad been driven at the mercy of the wind, 
blowing from tbe south-east^ and of the sea^ xunniog north^wesi;, 
and had therefore been scudding before both^ at the npd rate ef 
seven or eight miles an hour, for ihe last four days> we conjee» 
tured that we oould not be fin to the eastward of ihe Coromandd 
coast^ and perhaps to the northward of Madras» 

It was about four o'dock» on die fiftb moraing of ihe.hiunenM^ 
that I Tentured into my cabin, to xepose myself on my eot until 
daylight^ more with the persuasion that my prea^ee wottld inr- 
i^ire Virginia with fresh faopes^ and, in oonaequenoe^ bett» spirit^ 
4han ihBt the stonn bad in ihe least abated, or that the peril had 
become less inmiinent« At six> Thomson, whom I had left ia 
Charge of the deck, aroused me by bawling» in a yoiee neeeasualy 
nised to the hi^liest pitdi, to make itaelf heard amidst the howlr 
ingv or rather screaming of the elranents— ^' Naufragus !" I iop 
Btantly jumped up, without waiting any apecifie eonununicatNii^ 
and, ofn reaching the deck, fbund the pumps at work, and was w^ 
Ibnned that we had five feet water in the hoM« and tjiat the wf^ 
ter was gaaning upon us fast, notwithstanding the pumps had 
-been kept constantly going.-^^ Well," said TbomM>n, in a low 
tone, not to be heard by Ihe crew^ '^ we'll do our best, as Jo^g as 
jifte ßoats, but that cannot now be much longer-^it's all ovfar vrith 
ya^ depend upon it !" Tliere was no time for asrguiaent : the 
pumps weie jiow the chief . object of our attention ; and T^onaon 
and mjrself, with. the secunnies, plied them inceasantly, until we 
were zeady to drqp down with fatigue. As for the lascax^» they 
atill lemained lying about the deck, in a State Ixurdering on inseop 
süslity ; when, at length, being no longer aUe to pump, withont 
a relief, we were ohliged, as our only means of preservation, to 
have reoourse to coerctve measures, however painful to cur feet 
ingSy in order to compd the lascars to assist at the puntps. Afier 



t)eatii]fg' ttany ai tbem severely wriik a Jfopo'« 6tii^ and ihm tt^ 
litoring fliem^ as it wefe, to life, we miwtered ä reUef. 

In a Short time we found that tiie water brouglit up bjr 4fae 
pumps bore a brownisli oolour> Bsoä, on t&Ming it^ that ii Wal 
sweet; so that it was evident we were puaipiiig up the eutgue^ 
which being emitaiiied in baskets» wüs but iU pioteeted agaisst 
^v^ater. Such is die londness for life^ that ön the ^peazinee ef 
any sudden or iiaMMdiate cause of disaoltttiöB^ aiiy cmtideration 
unconnected ^Ih dke paroi&ouut mtk x£ preservatiofij la sei at 
^ought ; thus> «Ithough I was senatUe that my TaluaUd cargo 
was moBientsirily diannishing, and my property walting away, I 
then fdN; nö dispodtioa to regrot my loss^ the powers ef my mwä, 
änd the efibcdoBs of my heort, being aH engaged on hig^ier ob« 

lliose lascars who couid at all be biDu^t to the pümps, were 
in so wretdied and debilitated a State, as to require constant üe^ 
lieft. For ctoe day and two ni^ts^ exc^t a few short intervals^ 
AomiM and myselfj with the secunniesy were at the pumps : at 
the end of that tkne^ our hands were blistered to auch a degreei» 
that the iMn having peeied ofl^ the raw flesh appeared ; our urms, 
thighs^ and legs^ were to dreadfully swdled, and our hiina in such 
tormenting pa^^ as to nudce it impossiUe for us to oondnue the 
exertion^ without su£^a^ extreme agony ; and nothing but the 
n8i6iRnch<dy oonVictioii that we miut fimtfimn our kbewu^^ or 
peiish> eould possibly have sustained us under auch harddtqp»-* 
hardsbips^ liowev^, wluok we had the heartfölt satisfieK^on .to 
^3^ were se featüSicA. benng useless, that an pevosing the sound» 
ing-rod^'wheii puHed up ^Ktm ^ well (^^vUch we did under fedU 
ingstyf extreme anxiety and eagemem)^ in^were coBTineed tluft 
the water did not ^iSn ltp(tt us. Our q^xits^ bowerer, reoeired 
no encoun^ement &om the a{^«azanoe of the dements; the 
claads were bladk and £pdwiang> and «ilanmndjtill bore aihreai^ 
enktg tippearanoe> the liurricane indeed having rather inereasM 
3mn^ the süßest degree abated. 

Ute circumstanoe >of our having on board so periudtaUe and 
l^t a caigo as soft sugat^ it is xemailEable, was the veiy meana 
of OUT preserration. Had it consisted of almoat any other article, 
either of pepper or o£ dead we%ht, we must inevitably have p^ 
riiäxed. Tt> hftve thrown overboaid any heavy cargo, would, from 



iftte oöiiiitant and heaty breaches which the sea'made ovet ws, liave 
been impossible. Neither could tbe masts haye been cut acwaj 
for the purpose of lightening the vessel^ in consequence of the 
imbecile condition of the crew ; a recourse to so hazaidous a mea- 
suie would^ tinder our circumstances^ most likely have proved the 
cause of our destruction. As it was^ from constant pumping for 
three days, we found our vessel as light and buoyant as a cork« 
«nd^ with the excepdon of the baakets in whidi the sugar had 
been Btowed^ as emptj as when I first purchased her. 

Night approached^ bringing with it additional horrors. The 
secunnies^ who had hitherto bome their hardships with admi« 
rable fortitude^ now began to droop> and to express a violent in- 
clination for more rum^ although as much had been given them 
as they coulc^ pössibly bear; indeed^ rum^ with dough^ half« 
baked^ had formed their onlj sustenance during the whole pmod 
of our sufferings. As for the pumps, we were now so lightened^ 
they did not require to be worked at all ; but the greatest dread 
we laboured under was from the dangerous condition of the inain 
and fore masts^ that tottered to and fro^ threatening to go by the 
board every minute. Before the hour of sunset^ a large hiid, 
called the albatross^ with wings the length of four to five feet eaeh^ 
fikimmed along the surface of the waves, dose, to and arooad us s 
this inspired the crew with hopes^ as they supposed it to be a 
good omen. It remained hovering neac our unfortünate wxeck 
for some minutes^ until it alighted on the waves^ where it was 
seen riding perfectly at ease^ and with the majesty of a fine laige 
8wan^ now on the sumniit of a tremendous mountain of waters, 
and now in the ravines of a wide and deep abyss« At lengUi 
darkness once more endbmpassed us around^ and seemed to shut us 
out from eren. a ray of hope ; the desponding few^ whoae senses 
were still left them^ apparently feit with more acuteness than h&> 
foire, the desperation and hcnrors of their condition. At the hour 
of eight p. m. howevor^ the wind suddenly changed^ from south« 
east to south-westj and soon appeared to be dying away« At this 
happy circumstance^ whereby a prospect of deliverance from tbe 
very depths of despair, was opened to us^ the feelings manifesfeed 
by the crew were as singular as they were various ; some shouted 
for joy — some cried— others muttered prayers— while a few were.. 
still despondent^ presenting wild and savage-looking features^ and. 



§semiAg fö tegtet that the billows liad not swallowed them np^ 
Viirgiaia iiad been in a State of oomparatire inammation for the 
last two daya and nights^ caused hj her extreme terror, and the 
esoesaive netionof.the veaael; she was« notwithstanding, guffi« 
ciently sensible to be attentive to« and conscious of« what was 
going fprward on deck ; and fzom mj earimt assuiances tbat the 
gale was abating, together with the knowledge she possessed of 
the Mahomedan and Fortuguese languages« she soon found our. 
prospects were changing for tbe better. She then« for the £rst 
time since thecononencement of the hurticane, partook gf a 
little of the baked dough« with a small quantity of port wine> that 
fcnrtunately remained in our cabin store-room« and which aoon 
brcmght <m a sound deep. 

Eyery half-hour the gale became less violent^ and the sea more 
twiquil ; until« at four in the moming, we were all thorou^y 
satisfied of its tennination. At dayligbt it blew only what the 
saüors call a '^ stiff Iseese;,'' witb a sea that at any other tane we 
9houId>haYe thought a tremendous one ; but« oompared with what 
we had jcecently ^experienoed« it appeared tranquü. The rain« that 
had Gontinued without intermission for three days and mgfxts, 
now ceased; the.sun« on its rising« cheered ns with a sight of 
its.rays> whkh we had not beheld for six days; the sea. ao 
loii^ger made breaches over our deck; in short« the aspect of 
j^ßfry. thing appeared ßo com^etely t'ransformed« as to 
re^ffWe another State of existen^ce. Nature reassumed her beaitty 
i^[id her smiles— «the heavens their spLendour— rthe sea its heaven«« having subsided into g^tle undulati(n^« so that noirall 
loound US again bore a cheering aspect of tranquillity and beau^ty« 
cxcepting only our shattered bark« and on the oountenanoes.of 
the living objects who were to be seen.on Us deck ;-^the8e indeed 
piesented a .scene whichj to a person unused to a sea lifo aod 
$tonns> would be one of horror and confusion« almost sq^palling-r^ 
a s^ene« of which the mind of such a person would be scaroely able 
to form any aecuxate idea. Tbe features of all on boaxd displayed a 
haggard and savage ferocity ;^ong unshaven beard8>eyes sunk deep 
ia their sockets, and dim through weakness« and the efiects of long« 
continuejd despair ;-T-hollow cheeks« trembliug limbs« bodies b^t 
almost double« through fatigue« cold« and bunger« Tbis is a 
faithful picture of the miseri^ble wretches who crawlcd upon our 



iedkto opea tbe maia hftteiM wlien tbd stonn hsA wheiAfä, and 
wlio Üim. Mi upon the dikd mU fii^ and Ik^usi^, wkh tlie vo* 
iacta«i appetkes of canmbids^ gorgmg thdr ifbod in a manner dw- 
gustbg' 1« belioM. Meanwhile^ ftoarcely a word wai heavd to 
iiitemipt tbe fepast; the big teiur/— tlie cdnviäave gsn^^ — 
pleaded laoüietitarily in dumb utTteranee^ firora liMrt to beartj die 
^fnnpathy mliA etuek hni. in those df eädful sufferings bis fellows 
bad «mdergon^ Befinde Thomson and i&TBelf toucbed a partiele 
o£Ae repast^ (ben so grefilt a treat to ns, we vepaired witb 89&ie^ 
abready eocktä, to Vkginia; but finding hör still adeep^ w« 
tboagiht it ad<fi^ble net yet to distuib ber. 

1^ an Observation made wben tbe aati was at tlie neri&Hi^ we 
found ourselves to be in latitude sixteen degrees tbirty-five ad« 
nttles nortlij and our longitude^ by cbronometer^ gave its a few 
degrees to tbe eastward of tbe Coromandel Coaet. I tben ftoed 
Ott to tbe XKM^bwMxl^ nnder a gentle sout^-*we0t breeee> wkk 
notbifig set bur our oonrses^ my object being to fall in witik Uie 
track of (diips bound to Caloutta> in order to obtain nsiMlonce. 
In tbe mean time, we were actively engaged in eleariag away 
tibe vrfefik. of our masts and rigging^ wbicb bad beeil 4e8troyed 
by tbe stdrm^ and in strengthening eu3r main and foremasls^ b^ 
tangbteiling tbe rigging^ and setting up preventer«-6tay8. Oa 
examinisg tilie sbip's bold^ we found tbat tbe eaigo of 
wbidli we liad receired aii Tappaaooly^ and stowed socksej 
so bigb^ as tcTtoucb our very beams^ bad been disselved by '^ 
ter wbicb bad made its way into tbe sbip during llie storm^ maä. 
tbat it bad sunk to witbin diree feet of tbe vessel's boMom ! efea 
tbat sptLoe appeared to be €31ei chiafly by empty badcets only. 

On tbe moming of tbe fourtb day frcmi tlie disoontiniifuioe ef 
tbe gale^ a saä was discovered^ at tbe- distanoe of sixersev^t 
flaues to windward^ Standing on tbe satne course as eurs^vek 
We immediately boL^ed tbe Engliäb ensign at tbe foremast bead, 
widi tbe Union downwaids, wbicb 4s a Signal of distress. Tlie 
itranger no sooneir observed it^ tban sbe bore down towatds us^ 
and tbe captain came on beaid. 6be' jnx>ved to betbe Mary« 
Gaptain Freeman^ last &om Madras^ bound to Calcutta; from 
wbom we leamt tbat a large sbip^ called tbe Gomwaüis» from 
Bengale bound to Cbina^ bad been dismasted in tbe same gale, 
and was obliged to put back mto Trineomalay^ to undergo repair; 



anä that, fortuiiateIy> the stotm had not nged with equal vku 
lence in Madras RoacU> nor aloi^ anj part of .the Coroiiiandel 
Coast. Captain Freeman immediately sent off hü boat> wiU& a 
note to his chief offioer^ who speedlly retumed it with a lupply 
of laacan^ ngf^xig, xaasts, sails^ aQd qpan. With the assiatanoe 
of these^ we were soon aUe to get up juiy topmasts and yai^ds, 
and to 9et the sails. But what pxoyed particularly aooeptaUe^ 
was a 8up^7 of fruit and preserres* These were esteemed by 
Virginia, whp« by this time, had reoQvered her strength and sj^^ 
Tita, BS a deliciajas treat ; but she more than onoe assured nie, she 
never would venture* to sea again. In flnre days a pUot schooner 
hove in stght^ and a^dever^ intelligent young man« named Twis- 
den, took charge of u^^ We sailed up the river Hooghly with a 
I»opitiou8 breeze« and« ydthout further peril« came to anchor in 
a few days« off the town of Galcutta« in so cri^[Kled and disabled 
a conditibn«. as to attract tbe Observation of all the crews in the 
surrounding shipping« 

Atfirst« Iconoeived thepossihilityof repaixingmy vessel; but 

I found the expence attending it would be as great« from the 

wretched condition she was in« as'the purchase of a; I 

wfts therefbre compelled« by neoesdty« to seil her. From the 

underw^ters I oould not recova a Single rupee ; and my favourite 

bark« tbat had borae me so many months« unhurt« on the Wide 

oeean — that had weatbered out as severe a huxiicane^ perhaps« as 

ever was feit al-. sea« and brought me back with safio^« though 

not without loss« to Calcutta« I was oorapelled to send« together 

with my cargo« to the hammer. They both together« did not 

fetch me more than the sum of three thousand two hundred ru-» 

pees« or four hündred poünds. This wretched pittance was barely 

sufficient to discharge the wages of my crew ; after doing wUcht 

I found myself not possessed of more than nine hundred and sizty 

rupees« or a hündred and twenty pounds« in the world« so severe 

a reverse of fortune did I experience in so short a spaoe of time : 

yet that reverse« — ^the loss of my cargo of sugar« was the very 

means of preserving my existence« and thistt of my crew ! a re- 

markaUe feature of my calamity« which is^ perhaps« almost withr 

. out a parallel in the annals of adventure. I did not feel tbe se- 

verity of my loss of property Sö acutely in the midst of the hurri- 

cane«. when it raged about me with its greatest fiiry« and 

K aU 


all oüv }W«B wöre in ixümediate jeopardy^ as I did afterwaiSs/ 
d& my retam to Calcutta : th^e I Mflected on my destitute cob- 
ditlon Vfith. feelings of the liveliest regret^ and almost of despair. 
Such is the weakness of human nature^ that instead of my enter- 
taining a feeling of grätitude for my miraculoua preservation, my 
beart repined^ and I eyen reproached that deliverance itaelf^ whidi 
had restored me to land^ safe^ and in liealth^ but imporeiisbed. 
%) little trne pbüosophy bas man^ and so little sincere resignation 
to tbe Divine will in all tbings ! Of tbis pbilosopby tbero is^ ala»! 
mvtck in tbeor^^ but little in practice : it iä a great deal taiked at, 
but rarely found. 

* -Soon aftei* my arriyal^ I bad selected two rooms in the Odcatta 
Hotels as a temporary place of residence. One marning, Mo(^ 
dootooden Cbetarjee made bis appearance^ with a sorrowfbl ooan- 
tenance^ lamenting and condoling with me in feelmg langoage 
on my amtal under such untoward eipcumstanoes. Tba fini 
question I asked of bim was^ if he knew wbftt bad become «f his 
old master, my friend Tassit. — ^ Ab> my lord ! my best feiend, 
Tassit, never was better man — Gone dead, my lord !'* Thö drol» 
lery ei Moodoosooden's delivery^ I Was no stranger to> andveoeivsed 
tbe announcement of my old and familiär friend's death, wkb 
feelings of bitter regret. — '* Wbere/' I asked^ " is bis ^ipkbw aoid 
cbild ?"— *' At Lucknow, my bard."---" Well, well, MoodooBOo« 
den^ we rnnst bear all ills with fortitnde- dunng our lifotiiiMk 
Oome, c&tn, take a chair — be* seated : «te bisr owidow and diild 
provided for f"-^'^ Very well, my lord." — '' Tbanks tö a kiad 
FroTidenee for that ! Now^ Moodoosooden, how fares tbe widow 
of my old Commander, Lambert V*^-^^* Five montbs, mylotä, €^4me 
dead" And in answer to similar inquiries,' I fotind that ssanj 
other acquaintances. bad foUowed tbe same patb, and all in tbe 
Ybort period of my absence from Calcutta, wbich did not exoeed 
fourteen montbs. I therefore began to cönsult with Moodooeoo« 
den, wbat was to be done : in an instant^ bowever, a oonviction 
Aasbed across my mind, of tbe fallacy of words consHering tbe 
peculiarity of my case and circumstances, wbich r^ndered wa/y 
Suggestion of bis^ or exertion of my own, to recoVer my roised 
fbrtane, inevitably abortive, unless I could be aided by tbe power- 
iul arm of some friend, possessed of funds, or in some other way 


zeedve ^ffectmd lud. Htiving ordeted HoodoMoodfeA U> Mm» 
«ad oot to call agbitf untU sent for^ I locked myadf in my diaai« 
ber^ to refleci on mj caie with studious «pplicatioii of taioA, ^^iäk 
a yiew to determine the best poidbLe oouxae for »e to pnnuak 
One effecM oi my late adventuTeft at sea bad been« an aloMMt total 
loas of beanBg : I oongidered tberefote^ and witk leiioQs coniten^ 
tbat by tbis misfortunej a formidaUe banier was liused to my 
eyer foUowiiig tbe sea agaiou professioDally. Tbe fiist tenMtkni 
of tbis calamity was feit on board tbe East Tndiaman wbere I 
receiyed sucb barbarous treätment fiom my inyetente enemyj tbe 
seooiid offioer; and it was doabtlets caiised, ori^nally, by tba 
priyations^ind bazdflbips wbidi I had tben tbe nisfaitane to ea«« 
dure^ bietng at $k very tender age espoeed widumt meicy to all 
weatberft. fiince tbat perfod tbe defeet bad incceaaed^ by sU^t, 
andfthnostioipercepfiUedegrees; untQ^aftertbestonn^it «wnimiwl 
so alanoit^ a fidatute^ as tbough not to debar me firom tbe euioy« 
rneüt of li&9 or the society <tf a finend, yet to j^reyent oiy eter 
betng veeeiyed as an offio^ on boarS of «ny Ibip ; tbis line of 
s^tvioe wl» tberefore shut 4gainst me. Anotber cbstade^ eqnally 
fbnnidable in tbe way of my futuze j^rospeots and suctesses, bad 
interveoed. Dnxing my abs^ce firom Calcutta, tbe firee tiada 
bad been thiown openj^'und tiie ilsages and adyaatages of .tbe 
countiy Service bad aatumed an entirely new featore. Tbe ser« 
yices of £!vir(»ptiuis -ivtre np longer in demand^ on actonnt of 
tbeir scatcityi al tbey bdd formierly b^m ; for altbougb an edict 
fiom fb^ Court of Di^ecUns ef tbe Honoorable East India 
Codkpany probibited EvüKipeans firom rematning in tbe oountiy 
witbout ä licenoe« yet' as mäny as could gain employment (and 
tbat was i^öt a few) did accept it^ witbout incurring tbe smallert 
risk ti b^ing seht bonie, or in «ny way interfered witb, si» 
long as tbey remained qoiet and unobtmsiye members of SDdety, 
or forbore to bring tbemselyes prominiantly to tbe notice of tbe 
Ifical autborities. 

^mong Qther obanges produced by tbe firee trade, was ä sud». 
den and itentfiurkaUe iUl in the Irale öf fireigfat to Euiope. Tbis 
fall was bom SM» £26, and £30 a ton, to £l9i £16, £l2, and 
£7 $ ai tbi^ latter of wbiicb rates it remained statimiaxy. Tbe 
pay of tbe ^mmanders and officers of coimtry sbips was neoes« 
aacily lewertd ; and India, in wbidi a European coüId but aibw 

K 2 montbs 

moi^ths previbus have fbund twent)^ plaees ready for Kis aecep^' 
teaace, and in wl^icH bis profiered servioes would be eagerly sougbt 
fbr by numbeis^ and always on terms of liberal emdlunient^ wa» 
now so.overrun witb adventurers^ as to render it a matter of ex-- 
tr^aie difficulty^ if not utterly impossible^ for him to obtain 
any kind of employm^OLt^ unless aided by fiinds of bis own, or 
tbe.powerful arm of an overwbelming interest. 

I was not^ bowever^ to be easily cast down : I applied for dm* 
ployment among the wealtby connexions and respectable fiiends' 
my commercial dealings bad introduced me to^ witb persevering 
energy ; for I bad always found^ tbat wbenever my circumstances' 
&nä: pröspects were reduced to tbe Jowest possible ebb^ even to a 
State little short of desperation^ my spirits invariably rose in pro« 
portion. My object was now to obtain employment^ eitber. in 
tbe civil or mercantile line^ or in tbe cultivation of Indigo ; but, trying tbe solidity of tbe professions of friendship wbkh 
bad been lavisbed on me by many very opulent fiiends^—- one be- 
gan to enümerate tbe great difficulty tben feit of procuring em- 
ployment in any way ; anotber promised to try wbat be could 
do ; . a tbird told me to look in at sucb and sucb an bour^ tbe lat« 
ter end of .tbe week ; and wben I did so^ said, iiotbing could be 
bad: a fourtb assured me, witb a sigb^ tbat he was really very 
sony tbat be could not m^eet my wisbes ; but tbat^ if be oould, * 
be would witb pleasure bave done so : a fiftb advised me to apply 
tö a friend of bis ; and a sixtb said-— »'' Ab ! — ^had I but known it 
tbree days ago^ I oould bave given you tbe excellent Situation of 
an ezaminer in tbe bffice of tbe Sudder Dewanny Adawlut ; but' 
tbat is now given away:" a seventb declared^ tbat from tbe expe« 
rience and knowledge of tbe world wbicb I possessed, I sbould 
never want employment^ telling me to call again ; wbicb I did 
daily> during nearly a wbole montb^ but witb no better success 
on tbe last day, tban on tbe first ; until one moming my mortifi- 
cation was extreme> at Unding tbat he bad suddenly departed fbr 
the Upper provinces> but precisely wbere^ I could not ascertain* 

Eor me long to have remained in this State of indecision and 
inactivity, relying on, the Performance of empty promisefl^ smd 
professions of friendship^ would have been madness; I tberefore- 
at once formed my determination ;— wbicb was^ tbat I would bj 
letter immediately remind my friend Endtfield of a reqjiest* 

. * which 


i/^liich lie had formerly maäe, that I should seek his' aid* and 
aesistanGie whenever I needed it; and to State my bbject' to be 
immediate employment. In the mean thne, I porposed to seek a 
reclusive habitation in the interior of tbe coantry, both froia the 
.very important oonaideFation of eoonomj, and froifl the secret 
wish which I entertained^.of assodating mjself freely^ tod with« 
out restraintj among the natives^ that I might observe their fiiah^ 
ners, customs^ and usages. Thete was alao a probability of my 
gaining, by tlus means, employment in the indigo Hne. 

My first Step in iurtherance of the execution of my plan^' was 
to tum every thing which I could collect into money^ by disposing 
of all superfhious artides I possessed. That done> dnd being 
very nearly on the eve of dqpai^ure, I was surprised one 
eveningy at the sudden appearance of my bxother John 1 He had 
just anived from England^ fraught with the golden expectations 
with which my example and invitatioQ inspixed him, and which 
his youthful Imagination had not failed to contemplate in tenns 
of enthusiastic fondness and dölight. These cherished fancies^ 
however^ were doomed to meet a cruel and suddeii check:. the 
pilot who boardesd th^ ship in wMch he airived^ at the Sand- 
h6ad8« was well acquainted with my nabie> and equally so with my 

. misfortunes ; they had indeed gained Singular notoriety in Cal- 
cutta at the thAe, from their severity and extent ; and the first 

.intelligence my brother received of rae was, that of my haviog 
met with ruinous^ and, apparently, irreparable lo6ses;-*andof my 
then being out öf employment. This -was a sad blow to the poor 
youth, and threw him into a üt of deep despond^ncy, as well 
from commiseration of my misfortunes, as from the fatal blow 
which it gave to all the youthful and aspiring visions he had 
himself formed. 

A meeting between two young and fond brothers, in India, 

' undef such, or indeed ünder almost any circumstancä, can le 
but imperfectly conceived, by those who know it not from ex- 

' perieface. £v€»ry fibre of the heart is ready td burst widi the 
ünuttefable joy of brotherly love-^-owr fathcr— ow'r mother— the 

' dear laud* of our nativity, all occur to the mihd at the same 
instant ; wliilst the mutual recognition of parentälresembUmöe, 
with that of other branches of our family^ iill the breast; as we 
gaze upon each other^ with rapture. Thus it was with us :--^we 

K 3 wept 


wept and lauglied^ and wept and langhed again ; m constaht al- 
ternationa of feeting>--talked all nI^ty-—nor was it tintU late k& 
ihe morningy wben nature ovexpoiw^ered us, and our eyelida weve 
weighed dbwn with ^Ettigue^ tbat we xetired to reat. 

If any of the short-lived enjoyments of tbk life possess a sa- 
ptiior title to our preference^ br approximate nearer to the Uiam 
of tliose pure s^rits wKo inhabit celestial worlds^ it must be tbe 
deligbts wbicb arise in tbe spring bf life, from fiHal and fraternal 
love. Absent or present, tbis exquisite toucb of nature atill 
liolds doQixnion over us. My infantine days Were doomed to be 
passed away, nnblessed with tbe parent's smile, or a btotber^ 
love :— 4be few botirs I was allowed to be with tbose dear lela- 
iiyes, tbougb teplete witb joys, were too transient to enable me 
to coli tbe permanent sweets of my dose affinity to eitber ;— bat 
wben I bad grown np, and after experiencing sufferings such aa 
I bave described, found myself folding in my arms a brotbery 
upoh tbe far-distant sbores of Hindöstan, I feit, for tbe firat 
time in my life, tbe exquisite deligbt of brotberly love, and I 
was bappy I 

By my brotber I was made acquainted witb many inportaat 
cbanges tbat bad ensued in our fainily during my absetac& My 
faäiet bäving quitted bis farm, bad retired into Wales :<*—my die- 
ridied and reEfpected friend, Mr. Neunborongb, bad entered again 
into tbei matrimonial State, witb, I understood, a kdy of distine- 
tion,— represented to be veiy amiable. Tbe ^tification I derived 
j&om tbis'intelligence was great, from a conviction tbat tbe step 
was conducive, if not necessary, to tbe bappiness and perfect ea« 
joyment of tbat excellent gentleman's declining years, for be was 
one, on wbom-r 

** Every god did seem to set bis seal, 
To fpje tbe world assuiance of a man." 

Ricbly Üken be deserved to be bappy ; and it deligbted me to hear 
be was so. 

FkOvidence, in its bencivolence,-— '' tempers tbe wind to tbe 
abom lamb;" and no sooner did my youtbful brotber find bim« 
aelf at liberty to acoept en^oyment, tban a gentleman, wbaoame 
paasenger in the same sh^> witb bim fiom. Suxope, pxocuced bim 
an appointment in the Honourable Gompan/smioine, on boaid 
one of tbe surveying ships, then under the command of tbe late 


:IiighIf4»l€iited aad cnteipriflbeig offieer^ Captaiii Cburt. in a 

t£bw da5Fg bQ sailed on a sarrey, tö the coMt af Pegu ; and t«^ 
pttted with «LUtualbenedicdonSy aiid not witkcmt tears'of r^«t 
tm both sidefl. 

Bidding adieo to Oalcatta, and all my fnends, anong oikers 
were Moodoosooden (Ibdtatjee, and Thamsim, who still^temäined 

^Hit of eaxj^loy, I huM two bMb of pfdtBqmn-beare»^ fint having 
dispatched a long letter to tety friead Endtfield, and oommenced 
itay joumey towaxds Bairockpore, vitb Virginia^ who was by my 
side in a separate palanquim The road is a straigbt one tax six- 
te^n miles^ of an imposing widtb» level as tbe surfaoe of tbe sea 
in ä dead calm^ and sbaded on eitber side wilb rows of trees, 
platited at tbe distiance of twdve or fifteen feet from eaob otber, 

^witbout internnssicm tbe Wbole way. Barraokpore^ sinoe fatally 
celebiated on ac6ount of Üie recent mntiny of tbe sepoys^ is 

. situated-on tbe eastem side of tbe river Hoogbly. Tbe Crovemer- 
ttenefal bas ä supeibiseat tkm^whexe be umially recreates from 
tbe toil and bustle attending tbe Performance af'«the duties of bis 
Station at tb6 presidency. Tbe grounds around tbis retreat are laid 
oat witb infinite taJBte^ in.imitation of our parks in England) and 
produce a splendid effect an tbe eye^ espedally immediately after 
entering tbe gates. Tbis park also oontains a menagerie of wild 
bea8ts> birds, and qua^^peds^ of oriental growtb^ induding in k 
<ib11 tbat is rare and curioüs : tte wbole is tbrown opeli to tbe in« 
fl|)e<ition oi Eurc^ean visit(»rs. The miHtary cantonments are in 
• a bealtby Situation ; and tbe offioers' seats^ or bungalows^ wbicb 
'«re separated at convenieint distances from eaeb other^ present an 
ideft of comfort to tbe mind^ rarely associated witb tbe tastes and 
-prepidices of Englisbmen out of tbeir own oduntry. Tbere is 
'An excellent parade, commanding a view of tbe river Hoogbly, 
and wbere tbe sepoys may be- seen to exerdse in tbe ihomings, 
about gunrise. On tbe wbole> it is a pleasant, airy Situation, 
and an enviable residence for an European, who widies to enjoy 
.tbe novel luacory attending a eountry residence in India. 

Ha\ing procured boats, we crossed tbe Hoogbly, and landed ät 

' a Danisb settlement,' opposite Barraekporej, named Seranipore, 

a small, but neat and dean to>«^ ; tbife air of wbidi is consideiS^d 

> to be ÜEDT inore salubrioui» tban tbat of Calcutta; in cansequenee 

-tif wbieb invaUds resort tbitber for 4fbe benefit of tbcir bealtb. 

K 4 The 


«The muflquitoes are tliere not so numerous as at Calcutta : I shall 
not soon forget the luxurj wbicli I enjojed in consequence of tbß 
abflence of these tormenting insects. A line of genteel liouses 
extends in front of the river^ a few yards to the rear of its bonlcs, 
:where> after the fieiy sun has set^ amost agreeable promenade 
may be enjoyed in perfection. It is then, that the golden asoxe 
sky^ — aorichly tinged^— andpeculiar alone tQthegorgeous east, casis 
a ray of dazzllng splendour all around;— «which^ with the sUent 
^indings of the mighty Hooghly ;*-the alluring proqpect -on the 
opposite side of the liver^ of Barrackpore, with the goveni<»:'8 Seat 
and grounds ;~-and the yariously-formed native boats^ of all abes, 
which are seen constantly sailing up and down the river^ preseot 
to the eye of a European^ a motley and curiously-combined masa 
of subjects for speculation, and a delightful souroe of entertain- 
ment to the mind^ rarely to be met with to such perfection in 
every quarter of this— '^ nether world," of ours. 

We found house-rent and provisions nearly fifty per cent. dieaper 
at Serampore than Calcutta ; but as we were told we should find 
every thing cheaper stiU^ the fartherwe advancedup the oountry, 
we resolved to proceed on our joumey^ after a sojoum of aboot 
three days in a commodious hotel> kept by a Frenchman, named 
Monsieur Darlow. This singular character was so very irasciUe^ 
aa to be continually fighting^ chiefly with Englishmen. In one of 
his contests^ which were usually pugüistic^ he had the ill luck to 
lose his right eye^ and in another^ the whole of his front teeth ; but 
still he remained as untameable as the hysena; and seldom did he 
leave his büliard-room when any English offioers were there^ 
without having to endure the inconvenience of a temporary loss of 
his other ^ye* On these occasions he was not idle in his execm« 
tions of the '^ diable AnglaU !" in which he indulged nntil his 
recovery was complete, when he would content himself by seixing 
the first (^portunity of having another set-to« and^ in all piobabi- 
lity^ a fresh beating. His disputes usually arose from espousing 
the cause of Napoleon^ of whom he was an ardent admirer. To 
me^ however« he was remarkably assiduous^ from the drcümstance 
of my having a French lady for my wife ; but not unfrequen^y 
would I find him beginning on his weak point— »politicfl;, and then 
Napoleon ; and when he did so, as I knew His real temperame^t 
50 well from report, I did not feel at all disposed to argue the 



matter. When he found I did not dispute^ or ocmtnidict his rliap-> 
flodie8> he was in an extacy of joy ; and hogging me in his anas 
tvith allthe fervour of a polar bear, dedared— '^ I was« be Oar^ de 
best Anglais dat he ever before a oe a rery proper Anglais ! and 
dat he would giye me ia leetel finger/' holding it up at the aame 
time^ '^ yit all de pleasure in de voild !" TeDinghim I did not 
raquire mich abondantproofs of his r^ard as that which he pro- 
poaed^ but would prefer a bettle of his daret^ he immediately lan 
down stairs, soon retuming with one under each arm^ and one in 
each band ; the contents of which always proved so delicioas^ that 
I have sat enjo^ing myself very oontentedly^ while he began npon 
the addeTements of Napoleon^ the whole of whidi he used to re- 
hearse £rom the beginning of his Carter^ to the end^ speaking very 
loud^ in broken EngUsh» and with a Tcdability that produced an efieet 
extremely ludicrous. To all his disoourse I listened attentively, 
nodding occasiooally a sort of affirmationj and with as nrach pati- 
enoe as if I had been in the hands of my haiidiesser. At last^ 
howerer^ his wife saj^iosing, ftom the noise he made^ and guessing 
also fiom the subject of his dialogue^ that he was going to fight, 
gently tapped at the door, and in a shrill tone of voice called 
out^ Monsieur D.I These mellifluoüs tones no sooner sa- 
luted the sensitive ear of Monsieur^ than he started, paused^ 
and tuming saddenly pale, rose up ; and after apologiaing f or 
his abrupt departuze, at the same time reminding me of the 
precise aLtuation in which he left Napoleon, he glided quiddy 
down stairs. I afterwards understood that he actually lived in 
constant. teactat of this lady (his wife), a little delicate Hindoo 
girl^ and the only person in Serampore who oould manage him. I 
was not sorry for having got lid of my troublesome companion ; 
but reserving what remained of the wine for another occaskm, I 
retired to rest 

At theend of three days I hired a paunchway, or boat, and pre« 
pared to pioceed on our joumey. The foilowing moming we rose 
at seven, and aflfcer breakfast, Monsieur, with his better half, con- 
ducted US to the landing Steps, and we bade adieu to Serampore, 
sailing up the river with a cheerful breeze in our iavour, and a 
fiood tide. No seats, or houdes, are seen for many miles to diveiv 
sify the Hat, monotonous scenery, on the shores of the Hooghly ; 
oor is the eye reKeved by a Single novdty, or attractym of .any 



lind^ uoleäs I eyeept tbe nüraerous bu^^sBom; and {nuBcInMiTSy 
Jpassing up and down tlie liver, and tbe krge cai^ boat% 
witb 8i&9 a^ton^ saltpetre, and vaxious other aitkles^ wldi^ 
OQ ih&i vfdy io €alcutta> from the up(>er prorinceg : ati tke p^- 
can6> the eagles, tke Yultures^ thedogs, and thesmne^vliiek 
te be seen derouring coatentedly togetiier^ the deadbodj of -a 
tiye> lef t on the tiver's banks by tbe xetreatxng tide. It ma^r iBot 
perbaps be deemed superfluous to reeurto afact whicb hasabeady 
been adverted to in the early pages of tbis book> via^ tiiat when 
tbe soul of a Hindoo, of a c^tain cast^ quits tbe body, and fte- 
< qnently even before tbat moment bas anived, be is cönsigned to tbe 
. Hoogbly> l^ being placed on tbe river's banki below bigb^waster 
mark ; tbere ibe victim of superstition is abandoned ; and ai tbe 
tide liaes, being unable to remcye binuelf, is drowned. Hence it 
foUows tbat on tbe surface of tbis riyer^ nümbers of {lutvid fanea«s 
..arealwflo^fi to be seen fioalkig about^ th^ «Mi-tidecaiDtantly lea?- 
ing Bome of them on its muddy banks^ wbeie they aie soob de- 
voured. Tbis spectade brougbt to my mxnd tbe foUowing scnp- 
tural sentence : — " Wberesoeyer tbe carcase is^ tbere will the ei^^ 
be gathered togetber." Sncb is the literal iact on tbe sboiea of tbe 
.Hoogbly; but tbe sigbt» &om its frequentoccurrenoe^giowsfiuiü« 
liar^, and creates but little disgust ; nor doet it even ezcite mucb 
notice ; so very great is tbe tendency of bafait to fasniliarise bolh 
the eye and tbe mind to tbings whicb are in themselyes Inoit lemilt- 
ing« Abouf twelye o'clock we reacbed tbe French aettkraent 
named Chandemagore. 

Cbandemagore is a small town^ inferior in size and extenud 
.appearance to Serampore^ and does not possess tbe gaiety and life 
whicb are to be found in tbat setdement. Tbere is bowever a 
|>lea8antpramenade on the banks of tberiyer ; and hpocsoMeo one 
great reoommendation^ whicb is^ tbat bouse-rent and proyiaians, 
^w^ ßäij rice^ fruit, bread, and yegetables^ are extremely cheap« 
lipon 'tbe wbc^j it is a yery desirable country xetreatfor a £hi« 
.zopean» On tbe foUowing moming I went in quest of a bousej 
and after no little trouble, met witb a delightful Indian cottage^ 
oontaining two halls, two bed-rooms, back and front-yerandabs, 
^»ok-bouse» out*bouse8, and a large garden, in whicb were no 
lesa tban ten peach and nectarine trees, a pummalo tzee> twelve 
plaiatain^ and sev exal other trees^ all in fuU bearing. Tbis oottage 



tvras shaded fiom putilie view by 9 stately tree^ häving a pecu'* 

liatly luxuriouR and rieh foliage^ called tlie areca-palm : my sur- 

^pdae was great to ftnd^ tliat the rent demanded of me, inchiding 

evety ehayge^ did not; exceed eight rupees per mcmtli^ or twdre 

pounds per annum. Sa well did this c6ttage appear adapted to 

iny taste ai^d puipose; tbat I requested tbe kndlotd (who was a 

native of Ireland^ and a pensioned kanch-pilot) to keep it vacant 

for me a few days :— -indeed^ it had occnrred to my mind^ tihat a 

more desiiable abode^ and even a cbeaper one^ might still be pro- 

cured bigber np tbe coantry : we again^ tberefbre^ embarked in 

cur pauncbway> and in a few bours afterwards arrived at Cbin- 

surab^ a settiiement wbicb once belonged to tbe Dutcb. 

Cbinsurab appeared less attractiTe even tban Gbandemagore ; 
tbe Englisb Besident'sbouse^witb its gardens^ being tbe only edifioe 
wortb notice. Tbere is^ indeed^ a princely mancdon to tbe soutii 
of tbe town> wbicb was built. by a Frencb generale at an ezpence, 
ias is reported> €^ a lac* of rupees ; and no sooner was it coxnpleted, 
l^ian be died. From tbe exorbitantly bigb rent demanded for it> 
no tenant could be found ; and it remained empty, nntil an Eng« 
Üsbman offered eigbty rupees a-montb^ or one bundred and twen- 
ty poimds a-year^ wbicb was immediately accepted. Tbe great 
hell iB, it is said^ naless tban one bundred and twenty feet by 
fxRr^ feet^ and tbe eeiling^ wbicb is magnificently carved^ is pro« 
portionably bigb. Tbe otber bouses in Cbinsurab are usualLy of 
oae fLoor, witb a parapet on tbe top^ wbere tbe inbabitants may 
enjoy a walk in tbe cool of tbe evening. As at Cocbin^ so bere^ 
blinds made of cane formed a Substitute for Venetians^ wbicb^ be- 
ing secured by iron bars^ a^nst tbe encroacbments of tbieves> 
- gave tbe place a duU and g^bomy i^ppearance. Hordes of wild 
monkeys^ of a large size^ were to be seen jumping in oompany 
witb one anotber from bouse to bouse, reoeiving wbatever was 
given to tbem; and tbe inbabitants^ wbo considered tbeir appear« 
ance as a sure sign of good luck^ supplied tbem plentifully witb 
rice and sweetmeats» Neitber bouse-rent nor provisions appeared 
cbeaper at ibis place tban at Gbandemagore. 

Ii) tbe evening of tbe day on wbicb I arrived at Cbinsurab^ I 

< was strolling along tbe outskirts of tbe town^ wben I was sud- 

denly arrested by a loud sbout^ as of several voices^ proceeding 

from an adjoining temple : tbis was succeeded by tbe clasbing of 

* Lac— oDf hundz^ Ifaousand. 


jns^y cymbals/ Curiosity very liaiui^y impelled my foDtsfcep« 
.towards the place frpm which tliese noises proeeeded : I even ven- 
. tured inside of the building^ or, temple^ where I beiheld a maas of 
natives, who were^ with the exception of a piece of rag fastened 
round, their loins^ in a State of complete n^dity^ Standing in a 
curved Hne^ with each a pair of cymbab in his hands: these tkej 
dashed together^in exact triple second-time; and in the intermediate 
Space of three pr four minutes> one of them advanced a few paoes, 
and lifdng his arm^ pointed to the heavens^ when they all 
uttered a loud and piercing roar^ or rather yell^ until the claBhing 
of the cymbals was resumed^ which rendered it imposslble to dia- 
cem any other sounds. A dark and fiend-like appearance marked 
the persons present^ and a fearful gloom seemed to pervade the 
place into which I had incautiously entered^ producing a Sensa- 
tion on my mind I scarcely knew how to characteri^e. It was 
awful in the extreme: — the gloom of the ^Mudous iipartment, 
heightened considerably by the vibrations of sound prooeeding 
from the shouts of the natives^ and the intermitting jarring oi so 
, many cymbals^ — ^its sombre aspect^— ^and the periodical display of 
. that which^ to the mind of a European bystander, carries no idea 
but that of a senseless manifestation of unoontrolled pasdon, 
made it appeär a fit receptade for the idolatrous worshippers of 
gods of stone and wood. I afterwards understood that I had 
been in the society of some of the sect^ or followers^ of Fishnu^j 
and that they were then offering their devotions to an ape« under 
the name of Hanuman. The Abbe Duboisj speaking of thecrigin 
. of this Singular mode of worship> says — '^ The motive which in« 
duced the early.idolaters of India to make the ape one of their 
principal divinities^ was^ in all probability^ founded on the stri- 
king resemblance which they remarked between that animal and 
. man^ in exterior appearance and physical relations. They con- 
. sidered it as holding the fir^t rank in the order of brutes> and 
consequently as the king of animals ; and^ after deifying it, 
they chose to perpetuate its honours, by inventing the infinite 
coUection of fahles with which their books are filled« It was 
' with an army of apes that their great hero^ Rama, conquered 
Lanka> or Ceylon ; and the achievements of this host of satyrs, 
under the command of the great ape Hanuman^ occupies the 
greater part of the Ramayana^ the most celebrated of their his- 

■ Vidc notc, page 147. 


torical works. The worship of this leader extends over all tha 
territoiy of India> and especially amongst the followers of Vislinü ;' 
but thesect of Siva does not admit of bis clakn." 
. I quiited the pldce^ deeplj impressed with the dngalar ^cene 
wbich I bad witnessed ;«-buman beings worsbipping a brüte ! At 
first I feit disposed to execrate ;— then^ ratber to pity tbem ; and 
on still deeper reflection^ I could not but inwardly exdaim— • 
^' Alas ! how can I justly dedaim against these peqple^ or their 
mode of wonhip? They^ like me^ belieye tbat they are rigbt : 
they act as I do^ under the influence of education, ot in obedieace 
to precept. Like me^ these heathens are tlie creatures of a day : 
die scythe of Time wiQ soon cut tbem down ; but they will b& 
succeeded by others^ wbo will tread in their footsteps^ having no 
better rule. They all^ like myself^ possess affections^ and powers 
of mind^ capable of a better direction, and a higher aim. Far be 
it from me therefore to condemn tbem : let me rather hope^ that 
the time will come^ when the sublime tenets of the Chrii^tian 
doctrine will dispel their ignorance : — ^may the day be not far dis- 
tant^ when they will receive these blessings^ by the aU-potent and 
all-benevolent agency of my native land, destined^ as^ it seemi» 
to be^ the Instrument of difi[using truth over the face of the gk)be^* 
and of enligfatening all who need instruction !" 

Leaving Chinsurah, I retumed to Chandemagore> and tool: 
posisession of the cottage which had been kept väcant fcnr me b^ 
its owner^ as by fieu* the most desirable spot I had met with. The' 
simplest an4 most essential artides of fumiture,— -^ch asmattingy 
chairs^ tables^ and ä bedstead^ alone formed the. omamental re-; 
commehdations of its interior. Rice and curry^ fish and poultry 
(the price of a fine fowl not exceeding fourpenoe), bread^ with 
excellent butter^ and vegetables, constituted our only food ; and> 
cocoa-nut milk^ toddy^ lemonade^ and sherbet^ our chief beverage. 
Virginia's favourite kid having died on board our brig during thie 
storm, we purchased a goat, that supplied us with milk: the 
whole of our expenditure did not exceed twenty-six pounds a-year. 
In this retreat we led the lives of hermits; our wants never 
reached beyond our Compound; nor would our thoughts wänder> 
to the World, unless when I was looking forward to a letter ftom- 
Endtfield ;— or when Virginia would heave a sigh» in recoUection' 
of her happy> native Island ; — a sigh, however, which was soon 
dispelled, and content and happiness. In this re- 



ti^emek^t I became the father of isk lovely ^1, my firstfbom cliild> 
wbkh lived oiily to that age when tbe dawtuxig {jerceptiona^ knd 
endearing smiles of tbe Infant^ gave it a poWerful c^aim 9n ii p»* 
reut's aff^tioüs^ and thea died, This was a sad bl<^ to us bodi ; 
but to Vurgiiua it well-nigb ptoved aa overwbehniag sonow. Tina 
Infant lies in tbe burying-gronnd of Chandernagpre : no tomb- 
stone reoords itg naii^ej — ^ it wanted; it is legistered in the 
fbnd recolleetions of a ^parenfs beart. It was one evening^ 
about six montbs. after tbis mdbncboly event^ wbto I strolled 
vnüi Virginia, tbrougb tbe suburbs of tbe town, tbat I Icrnnd the 
votari^ß of tbe sanguinarj deity> Maria-ama, celebrating tbe 
Dootga Pootga feBtival:--on tbis occasion tbousands of natiTea 
were ajsseitibled ; and manj were tbe devotees wbo were on that 
evening wbirled round and round in tbe air^ su^iended by a bock, 
passed tbrou^ tbe ligatures of tbe bade : loud were tbe roaca of 
rapturous plaudits^ and deafening was tbe noise ^bicb siuroiuided 
US : the burying-ground was dose by tbe scene ef tbis sapersli^ 
tion« Virginia led nie on^ unawares^ until I found myself in the 
midst of it. By her deare I conducted her to tbe tpot wheife the 
beloved Infant^ wbicb bad once constituted tiie cbief souroe of 
qxa mutual watcbfulness and joy^ lay dead. Virginia bad eAen 
won my admiration hy tbe exquisite sensibHity of her materiud 
tendemess ; but never did sbe appear so estimable in my eyea« as 
wben sbe gently uplifted her veil witb ber ri^t band^^ aiB high 
aa ber forebead> and sbading ber brows^ in silence inobtened Uii^ 
infant's grave witb ber teara.-'^Leaduig ber at length witk m' 
gentle foree away^ we bent our Steps towards bome. 

Not loKig after this> on one of tbose evenings wben the intenae 
heat rend^red tbe sbady partof my.verandah an enviable spot, an 
^d«rly native appeared before my gate> attired in a musUn yesl, 
girt witb a sasb> a turban^ and sandals. His beard^ wbicb with 
bis mustacbios, were grey^ rested on bis bosom. Tbe colour of 
hui face waa a da?k brbwn> nearly approacbing to black, and 
]9fa4Eed ftom tbe forebead to tbe ri^t side of tbe upper lip> with 
altevnate atveaks of a dead white coloür^ ai if tbe natural sldn 
had peeled off^ and left tbe flesb bare« He rested on ä süver- 
beaded cane^ apparently tbrougb weakness; and cast bis weary 
oyfjS towards me^ wbile I sat in tbe verandab^ as if ioofiortuniBg 
pennission to rest bimself witbin my gates. I advanced towards 
bim ; and so sooner did be observe me approacb^ tban he raiaed- 



Ina h&vSiB \o his foarehead in homage to ne. Thk Is Üie ori«»ftlA^ 
style of salutaticm. I condncted lum to ihe yemaaiUtk, aAd offml 
bim a chair^ the use of which he «ooqited wilh gmülude» Bring 
well aware it wa» oontraiy to the custom of the HuemLoos to ftar^ 
talde of any xefiivshxoeiit prepared 1^ other lunds Ibaii tiMMe of 
natives of their own perguauon, I ezplained to liim» diat'iny rea« 
son for not placing any thing before hxm^ aiose £n>iB ti^ eoäviom 
tkm tbat he eouH not partake of it ooiQaiatenlly with tbe custon» 
of h» Tdigion. He repHed, with an esq^resaion of great satiifiic« 
tion — '* Thatcustoms are inviolable, and miuit not be fardkeni^ 
but that be was as well pleaaed witii my explanatiop, aa ba eonld 
pofläbly be with tbe moat ^elidous repast in tbe World/' I was 
agseeably surpriaed to find be conld speak EngUsb with aingokr 
£uenoy;-^" Pray, my good mau/' said I, " of wbat daat* axe you ?" 
-^'"^ l, Sflihib^ am a Biabman."--.'' Your name }"—'' Kiabm 
"DoaBii ^Uhibk" — ^' You seem mncb fafigued ; tbe natirea of tbia 
countty aeldom venture out in tbe beat of tbe bub^ auch a anhiy. 
dayisthis; and wbile I feel suiprised at seeing a lespeotaUe 
man Bke' ^su exposing bimself to its scordiing rays, I feelplea« 
suve in tbe opportunity of affozding you a sbelterfiNnn itseffeeta." 
^^ Ab» Sabibl" sbaking bis bead despondingl^, ^ you Utile 
bnowany trouUe: yoii English axe f oü of wiadosi ; you diow it 
to great odvantage in having bat cne wife> wbidi ia aa aradi aa 
^ny.Bwn can oonunand. Now^ I bave got two wivea; one old, 
andöoneycming:; but my cracf otdmfe ge^ very jeakmt^ and tbes 
tbe^ibotb fi^t. I äiink it better to endure tbe bot aiin^ tiiat 
is ailentf than tbe squalls ij£ my two wirea ; so I oome away."—- « 
Da you tben live near me?^-*^^' Yes^ Sabib^ veiy near."— > 
And ao I poresume^ your two wivea are now aettling tbcür di€e-> 
leaceß togetber^ by tbemadves?"« — ^^ True^ Sabiby and I bope, en 
mj retum^ to find my bouae once more in peäee«" 

r consoled tbe poor Bcabman under bis misfortune, by 
bim^ tbat every man mnat drink bis portion of vexatioB in 
world**-«^^ Yes> but>" be added> " tbia crosa old wife ia so jea« 
b>us> tbat my once paacefnl dwelling> wbere notibing bat the 

. . N diimip 

• The Word cast is a Portuguese tenn, which bas been adopted by Europeans ini 
general to denote the different dasses or tribes into which the peüple of India aie 
divid«^ The nrost andent paftiti<m U that whidi airanget them in fonr prind« 
pal tribes : the finst and most distinguiahed of all is that of the Brahmafu^^ihii 
secoud is that of the Rajas-^ihe third the VaUya^ or w^rcÄöw^*— and the last that 
of Sudras j or cttltivators. 



cliirrup of tke lizards on the wall was wont to be heard, is t\aw 
a continual soene of strife and uproar !"•— .'^ That> Kishen Doss, 
ift a natural result from having t wo wives. Women will complain^ 
if grieved; and God/who bas gifted the lion with generositj— - 
the tigi^r^ with treachery— the fox, with cunning^-the dog, with 
watchfulne89-*4ind man, with a portion of each of these qualities 
combined in him, has also in his secret wisdom so ordained^ that 
your old wife should be naturally jealous of the young oae." — 
'' True> Sahib, true ; but (very gravely) do you suppose it is In 
my nature to bear it ?" 

In answer to this unlooked-fdr query^ I observed, " that man 
was seldom afflicted beyond what he was able to bear ; and I was 
led to condude^ from that constant and habitual mildness of man« 
ner, and gravity of deportment, for which the Brahmans were so 
remarkable, that they were better able to command their paasioiis 
than any other race of men in India ; but of that he certainly must 
be the best judge." 

Much pleased did he seem with this compliment to the Brah- 
mans ; it opened as it were the floodgates of his soul ;' and that 
reserve which had hitherto concealed his thoughts and mind^ and 
shaded them, as it were^ entirely from human conoeption, was 
nöw dispelled : he afterwards conversed with wonderful freedom, 
and great good-nature ; and on my assuring him that the utmost 
my ambition aspired to, was to form an intimate acquaintanoe 
with, and just conception of, the manners, customs, and.opiniehis 
of the natives, but jnore especially those of his own cast, he 
premised to call upon me frequently, and give me every informa« 
tioh I wished to possess ; ending his friendly professions, and, at 
the same time, xising to depart, with saying, in a manner re« 
markabiy emphatio— '^ This cro&s old wife !'* and smiling at the 
same time with a pair of cunning eyes, as if he was, seemingly, 
just then thinking of the young one,«-he retired. 

It is here proper to observe, that although polygamy is actually 
disaUowed by BtUunan jurisprudehce, there are many instanoes 
of it among the great, as weU as among the mlddling dasses of 
that 'cast, and even among the poor ; but it is considered to be 
an abnse, and in open violation of the customs of the Hindoos; 
among whom marriage has been always confined to two. 
An exception, and the only one, it appears, which occuis 
to this nilc, LS, in the e^'ent of a man*s first wife, after long 



tobataMion« lidikg pnmoanoed binen; a woond moy tÜea tm 
lawfuUy eq^ouaed. 

Maniage bebg oonndand bj* the Bnlunaii^ or Hindooj tihe 
gr^atest and n^pst eMential of all dxcamttaiieefy ia cooductad willi 
oonaUaniUe pcna^ and floleittiliftj. The §^ an not oldar tk» 
seyen^ ei||^t> or ton ycaii ; and ike choioe of Adx tatate hna* 
bands devQlyes entirely upon tlieix patente. As aoon at ihat im- 
pc^tant pcant ia detenauoed» and pteUnünacriei of maniageare 
enteved into, the usnal ceg e mnniei' bagin; a particular d»« 
8C|iption of which would occupy "many pagei« and prote« 
porbapfl^^after aUj tedious and unintereating; butfor tfae aatia« 
fiustion of the cuiious Engliah reader who may wiah to per« 
ufle a minute description of them^ they will find it oontaiBed ia 
the Abb6 Dubois' '' People of India/ which ia oonndeied the 
mo0t.£uthful aooQunt eztant of theie ningnlar people. Atthe 
conduaion of the ooremonies . of . the maniage, which last fiya 
days^ a prooeisicm ia made thioogh the atreeta of the d^, or yfl« 
läge. It commoiily takea place in the nig^t, by the light of 
toKdie8..and. fixe^woika- The new-nanied pair aie aeated in ona 
palanfuin« with iheir fieicea towaida eadi other. Tliey are both 
gaudily dveased out; bat the bridej in pactacukr« ia generally 
covered with jewela and piecioua atonea, IMOtly tfae gifta of 
hier father and £athNr-inJaw> bat the greater part boRowed, cir 
hiied for the oocaaion« The prooeasioa moT/sa alowly« while tfae 
ralatjona and fijeiida of the bride and farid^gEDom ooma oot of 
tfaeir houaea aa it paiaea« the women hailing the Jtew-aaaniei 
oouple» ai^ the meabcipi^g with thempveaentaofaihar> firoiti^ 
augarj and betd.* . Thoae.who zeceiye aach pceaenta ate oblaged^ 
un^^Aig lite cuppsmatancflaj to repay tfaemin tfaeirtum, Tkae 
mam9ge'pi»cctfai$»i8> though in a atyle ao loctremely lemota firan 
oiua^.aze aonetiniea.on a aeale of :niagnifiQenoe and ^^Imdour be» 
yoiid ooi\^ption> and nuiatbe. aeen to be duly i^pradated.. 

Th^qffemmyh^ßif^ the youngapcmae.ia taka» back tarha» 
fi^^er^f hou^ i^hjwh ^Ontip9^ tobe her princ9aIabpde.Y^9tä 
h^a growa up inlo a ptajte fit to diacharge all.the.datiea of auliri- 
aaooy. When tfaif ^^och anivea^ which ia caUe4p mamiagf. c^m^ 

• BetaL. . NirbN^-caBed mptgy'^'finmBCtk a tfeejimiltr to tlic ttedlMiaif Ü li 
laiget than tfae nutmeg, of a round, or radier flatted htm : tfae nadves of India 
Cttt it finall, and mix it witfa ßxus dranam ; it is then roUed in the betd leaf« 
and eatea. When a penon pteaenta it to aootber, it ii the atiM ai aiiviog an 
anurance of protection wfaile in hia Company» 


greater part of the oeremonies attending the mumgt^mi^ maw 
v^aled j M ibe «aaduäoii df ^t^ickilM « ominidted ivicb'grtat 
pMqp toiibe Immim oC^hcr ftdioMiKbiir^ wImi» tbmWtcomtM mi&a^» 
^mhä tb üm mxiaty \ei ha Jixui]^^ 'ißhiiMfe'ifiUlM^MQb^llM 
aoGotding ^ Siiicbiitaa.n(ilMa%.xi5 <^ bMrtiy or «aiiituMiii> 

«an be eiepeotad toAttaüd:tiiieiiMR&edigt8ta.4ii iaflii^; nor ittteii 
doaa tke to fla<fti. tcMdeitttit» a- suMiei^s •«»• 
flaotiomi: the «bject for widdi lie namen ia not tie gaiü^aa iltte^ 
Ificstmi cömpaoknb to ^eMhie ixba the bfiMet ta aiaominier«^ itlBy 
aaa traii«! tikiAmgh tue ^Ktay f ootpatha of ^Uita^Hler^ 1kiAt«>get 
a alfve^ wkoin^ bear chiUrä», and be^tu¥tm4l«it to tk^ irffl ^ 

In « iew dasfis^ BjAehHoM catted 0»iQ6'agälB; aflar whldi 
lie rtAäe bis Tiaits aEuxe'&eiiaäiLt^ tiixtü, ad l^iügtk, be> ea> lie . itg tH 
laify liiiee or Itnir tuno «--Mwd:. Ne^<diia I fisal «yii^ bd tter 
pläund mitb £ke «odely of any <nia> tbm 4f Kklfaii Ddis^ He 
liad been, it m^p^^M^ a «loaiisliea in tlw setv^ke'^ iSie-koiMMG^« 
abie Ooii^taif ^ ottdibfn enjoa^ a Hbeial peftMotiliMBi t^Mi: 4te 
gtaddtBmdTtbiy.ilsjAxiutevru 4o«lkit hist^^^ttMm, 

of die Betiy» aas -MliaB tbat öf tbe «ali^itimed fM^a^f bAi 

The A^jrf B^tiboia toyg « ^ ^ Tha Va»aitta»»halB<<iinäMi^ Af* 
iadticai, beibig boand, by «hefr Yol^s» tö de«70tä a-latge p^timi af 
\lidir lanove ava^ axf te tba oondMijHlttiMl w- nva*Bnunia 
USfopaeB» Seuig),it iaiiotwo^rinigiAMtiba^iftoM hav^ 
^tamL-Bome tokfBbly pova ncftiomsof «be PMi^y; t[iüato> b 
deoct we «le to mp^cM t&ey d«n^^ «bam V^^*^ ftafiÜM 
^tno.' tbe laitiy ^atvitfdis, fmiDi iMhMi tbey ftwe ^tiM tiiili^ntlj 
venibte« it ia 4niiy by tbe latter fwtytbat-'th^'aiyft-bayp ttoinrtc i. 
«p to Half^äcdec^, tö ^bb^ tol^n^am; aOfftnany-otbArtMle» 
brated ^staboagoa Vbb >w6ii^ i^ikt tbe^fei^ibttTflodd/- '*Gbfl/ 
to^wle iihe fmdB«f tlie ^öfSOfOien otf Itidia^ <" i» tm imniaftcnal 
ifiaibg, ipmy'ebd'ttiittiiia^ «Wiflb^at'^ualk 
•<ihb liictod'ind »mättk «f ^all ^di%s. fl6<^«tettdfi ^or^eSI» ätos 
«II,: knowB aU»' AäKdiB «H; #^bom ^gkilsngi' aiäl wüfiwi* 
«aadj^ Power« strengtb« and gkidness dwell in Hiin." Qa my 
ifivit; pentattg tbe dbolre linea m »tbe ]A4ibä Daboi^ -"Whik; my 
imrprfee jnay bt wcH oonceived, «s tbey" caSed to tuy reccflection 
' ' . 'tb« 


thß'jßsmlm msMmmb fimit «pi ^ wmi, mk w.qf )^« 

ITiiAfti BiiWft in'i4«Hiflli^*tff -^f triff ^nW ^ *ht Pfi^r. 

^'H >&• BrdMani 4b9Q>" I «ftol« '*' «tteiBtain web MiUnM 
aalteil of Ckili»r4i(989 4hi|lm#j«#e|^ 

«ad Il0ptiles?•^^ . . ' 

Ab to fi>nake the Uvio^ God, pnA £41 
^ 'TojfüMp Uifllr oim wtek Iniroöd aod Moll« f*' 

Kl A ^ « rViw sluxik'luB head at thin 1 1 wiflii i^^ Tliat none could 
ipimn^ A^n^tokblß tp.tjbe Fan^^nthnu^ f» t^e Supceme Beii^ but 

^v^ ooljr. eqd^sy^ to /»I^koM^ km tb|9U|;b Äe|». Yqu/' 
^ ^jitwiffl; -^^ j^:e 4t Chrw^'ani J ^j?i a Bral^naa; i^e bptb vqih 

lNl^aai«diKffi9»i|jl;, jbo iß a^^pfipntij : «we jtnurel towttrd» b^«^^ 
aß ^ €i^ Qf^y^o diffiff &9i|a u»^ • 0kfmt pjßä.;, but^t 
tj^.l^st/ 19^9 ^^xfü). ffi. mept ^t tbe «pae /epd, Tbere are >ncke^ 

aXSoii. .Wb^t cpgot^.UwitbajgLlgQodaijideiiil? IIq^. But 

'y<ofwithrt§ndmg-^-fiHa^^ ia wt^ Kkbejn Ppw-exid^^ 

Wr *e flF^RWsW ;»y »PSA bfd jj^j^^pd, %)nf^ % iwmqca^^ 
bur I thaag -"^»**"^'> and to jsßsuajuäjr absurd did ihäi tncoßß BUDsssiL^ 

t^Leyrj^pedally venerate, ux^Lthe nameß of Brahma, Vijshnu, ^pd'SiTaf Wnen. 
irönhippäi itl imion, th^y foitti "wlialfisa^ed tfae'^WmttrA; mtA^^tty-wee-ieu^ 
T ß nkü y adorad wiUi peculiar ritos. Thcie thna baTe giveii binh to itUKaae« 
ii^ftjQ^hfiy ;^ IM^th/s JUÜEuIoqs. l|aye gfin; far heyqn^ all Qther idphtzous n%tiqps 
iQ^^4i^X]^»er of d^viiiiitif^ th^y ^ave fpsoiie^» as Üiey^reckpn oo le» ihafx t|ilr^- 
%f* io<i ^ pi^ 9^4 i^f^ ^^^ .®WJ *** *^ "öMUoiif ; so' Chat thjB w)ijÄj' 


ticmsj and chüdkhtcredulify^ appear to mey tt» «^ cf wlueh'faad 
tainted even the manners and customs of tlieir piiftite Hfe; tliat I 
couid not but ooincide precudy with tbe ambdr wJfKf^iituMä, 
"H^o, after apeakin^ cxf-the lofty tenns in ^tMA Ae '^nAiMr 
writmgs desGÜbe tlie .'Para-^Brama^ or 'Sapreme Beeng,- arf#-«' 
^^ Bat it k painM to see tfaese subHaie atftribat«i tnrwwtiiilypM^ 
faned^ hy prostituting them to the falsa godrof tlie emoitry ;'ttid> 
blending.tltem witK innumeraU» oAer atttflmtes» asiMteaUu» 
and absurd as tbe fables to which they are attacheds*^ • - 

Being sensible of theantipatl^ of tlio Brahmaas to discnas moj 
religious doctriües fofeign toi;lieirown pectdiar Ikith^ and espe» 
cdally the tenets of Christianity^ I forbore to nrge tle matter too 
far with Kishen Doss^^ particularly as I well knew that any tblng 
Said in favour bf Christianity; howerer obvious its tmth, tfnd 
howeyer that truth might^ for the moment^ convinoe bim, he woulf 
not admit it^ nor allow it to have a pienhanent effi»t on hii mind.- 
In short^'as the* Abb6 Dubois justly observes«*'' The nmaclea of 
the Chnstian religion^ howeyer extraordinaty they must appear to 
a common nnderstanding^ axe by no means « so to the HindDoar 
npon them they have no effect. Tbe exploits of Joahna ud of 
bis azmy^ and the prodigies ihey effected by the interpontiim of 
Ood^ in the conqueist of the land of Canaan^ seem tolSiem tinw 
worthy ot notice^ when compared with the aduevementof iheir 
own Rama,^ and the mirades which attended hia progresa.- The 
mighty stsength of Samson dwindles into nodting^'when o pp o s ed' 
to the overwhelming energy of Bdi^ of Rayana *, and die giants.' 
The resiirrection of Lazarus itself is^ in their eyes^ an ordinary event^ 
of which they see firequent examples in the Viahna ceremoniei;.*' 

Ftom my general Observation and experienoej as weU as hom 
what feÜ from Küsheii Doss> I am persnaded that the Inbitfl 
imbibed by these people ftaai their infancy^— »their ▼enevaüanftr 
andent customs and usages,«^but especially the Teneratäott aad 
sanctlty in which the flesh of thecom ia hdd among them^ (whidi 
aninal indeed, thdy d«ify> «ndwonhip)> adheBB».tolkflniso&ni]^> 
and 'ac^ ni^ them so pöwerfuUy^as to render any attempi at 
innayation.pdioui^ if not basardous; which convincea me-that 

" Acoording to Hindoo Mythology— <^ The GUmt RaVMttA, Wlk» MvÜbed ^e 
wife of Hama, er Vühnu (penonating that priooe), had ten heada. Tbe palace 
that Üe potiesfled in th« Island of Ceylon, of which] he was king, was so pro* 
digiously lofty, that the tun passed every day at noon imder one of die ttcbee.^ 


Ae tibitopk of GhHBtbnky in Aoae v^pkM^ ^It be a^oik <tf 
omflidfiraUe; tiflw. lättle ph^^reai . haa U yet nide in laUa, 
wkaMrar mtf luwe been Mid or pmled inrEogland: Imt evm 
4]uit lütte maj pro? e of emineiit fotm» gpod* i It ia oonaolatory; 
iiowever^ to tbooe wbo Ubaiit in the good'work« and ur all Cliria« 
4iaQay to laiow> tbali God'a will nuiitaMuiMly be done^ihat na 
obttaele ean fnvail'againat it« 

9]ff aome Kmgpcanii, the Brahmnna tfie miffofed to poaieaay in 
« eonridanibte di^gsect, the art of divinationD or fiirtnnoiilrllFnft 
fimi «aflpaetian of theftaturaiof lh6 6ee>orltaeaontb0palBtt 
^Ihe.handi. "^ Thatpowei^''aaidKi8hen Doia« «'iaitnownhtti 
4q Ood^tttene. . Thexe axe eertain wiae men dulled in aaferokigy, 
WImmpi we fofer t6 on the occasioii of a xnaodil^;^ öranjrimptittant 
underlaking, kx tbe puzpoae of aeleeting a-prapitidiu dajr ; and 
to detenline whidhj lefercwce ia made Igrihea to carlain aignaof 
the Zodiac ; m, thexe are cerudn ooiens that aie oonaidoed ua- 
l^iopitioua ; fluch; foriaatanee» aa a aexpenty a cat, or a fos^' to cxow 
«or fixH|iath^ on the otttset of apügrimage; we then inunediatelf 
xetarn« anddefer the jonmej for a futuxeday. TheinfalliWlilyof 
^ttse^aigna, aa well aa'the powcar of diviaaiionj aaid to be poaaeaa* 
ed br 'Bidunanq» ia fuUy believed bymy peo^; but^^aaid 
he» '^jGod aloneoan know our future fortunea; andaa to the pfo* 
ftandiMOwer öf .aatxDtegen» aa wall aa the omena of evil^ bolb 
owe their eiedibiK^. to darUeaa and anpexttition. What ia 
man» Sahib? He ia a poor cxeature;-i--wiae> in hia own conceat ; 
biit> after all» Ina mind cannot adar beyeod ite ineaxteiated mouU 
of daj, whieh gxovela on tfae eartfi» until dideined to min» 
g^e with it: h canndtei^loxe the aecrets of apaoe^ nor of fttuiity« 
Söme men tfiere are, wiM> profesa to Imew the mgrateiy-of decu 
j^Kfing eertain linea on the akull^ and to' be aide thereby to read 
the'fate that attended ita anämated atate of exiatence on eatth: 
it iaaitait.thattha'wiaeat'ef my raee beUeve in: but of thia I 
wsU-taü you mone to^roeriow; the aun ia aety«^the ataxa begpoi to 
twinidbj— and die eool evenilig'a aar invites me." He then retix^ : 
I waaan^Douato know how hia ^' croBsdd wifie^aoä the '^ j^ng 
9nt"Mgnb^; bat beang wdl awaste thse Buxopean cuatom ei eak« 
ii)g.aflter one anothex^s wivea, ia copaidered by the Brahmäna the 
heilet c^ impertinenoe^ I waa restrained from doing ao. 
Befbre I probeed, I must first obaerve^ what may appearper- 
jf» hapa to flome of my readers almoat needlesa^ that the natuial teil«. 

l3 denqr 


Iteisijr rf idsdBitry is to cti»fu|it tf& f üiBI^ by «htnibd Md fidktiMift 
ft^f». tnteiflferäbte Aire Ihe ftbleB «f ttfl ttmasnh emh wti jwwp 
&^ t&« pü^ee^lflg k iidpöH^MUtyi iaid titoniXNM abwidtvlriaHB 

trül^; kdeiiBdi li^ b»lt of lito |]M^flttti0Q oF litt pÄi^ of Im^ 
Ü finleb> likttt ibierf dto kl timHM bei «ibitedy liM hy mhak Ü 
natural or monstxous. The foUowiilg ftttl^ tlienfan wiU 
hapB i^ipeiif te «Gmie tenSa&ü^ tiirwMiliy bf najr aiieatbas Mi as 

%ftli th« Mab ibAt \ki aecaoni <vf södke of flhto gentdua täte li» 
i^dgde Motog iblni> wfil pft^e oeeepiablü^ fhat t trangMia « litlk 
Im ^ ial^iseti b|^ ^triüg üMKiim t6 tb^ feUtfwtilg ; aadiliai 
lN>/aft tbe iralidi^ «if ib« ätt tiifetr^ V» YfyXishsh Jkm, 
lom ]|ft itvtuf fl«M ift^bd j«idgäi«iii «f EvaitypMm, obMln lai^lU 
«h ortiiUfc aiilfiing iKAiiy ^ tbe H^disös; 
: Tbl» ffiltowtag itohäiBg be dMM> wiib )ik m^ 
bis caii^äg ey^j And Mithig bftnifle]f> ^estad one band cm Ma 
kiMj and wüb tbeotbatte^wftom betteath bis Test « bnntta 
aki^* Tkei^ b ft j^bciüätf a^nlätldti invambly pvodacNd an mf 
jniiid at tbe dgb« «f & «ku& t It is neitbet eltogelJwr plaanng» nor 
kltplAnM j biitattlKtttteaf bolb, wbteb abiorbatlia e^eand nad 
ih deep atteatkm td tbe öbjecc. Tha Brabfliaii dreir bb diair 
doila to inine^ and plaoed tba skvll on tbe täUe, fitat za^piestaig 
me^ with great pdLtetniMSj not to toach it ^ piobablj finnn a dMi 
ba enterta2iied> tbat aiy tmdi niij^t be tbe meaaa of eottianilia* 
ting tb^ pan wbkb bis pura fingen were about to ecq^ie. Ha 
Aeii> witb tbe fin^ finger of bis ri^t band, dite^ted ma to ob« 
•arve tniiiately eertain ftig-aag lines» i^t fonned tbe fnntt of l^ 
aorotial 8atiM> Imd wbibl^ l^^aarad to beat lome triflingnae^ 
to tbe Hiadoo cbaraeter» moie paiticularly to tbat of tiDa 1^ 
«laL *' Do 3rott/' aUI be, '« aee tbeae Uaes ^"-^^ Yes.*'i^«« Tiiejr 
IHfetiMeaUadiKitoinniy diibouiteofyeeterdAy. MHiyleamai 
pbttoflopbers of my caM, pretend to poaRastbe power of dea^pbeiu 
Jag ib9Se cbamelen> wbiab powelr tbey allege to bave dacived fivna 
Ae ünmediate gift of t)vnafe Revelation; tbe biowladge of dJa 
siyateri^ag art, bowever, is oonfiüed to A öhosen fewt^-^ oace»** 
ooBtiniied Kisiben Doss, '^ eoäveiaed witb a Bn&ttatt> wbo pro« 
fiMKd tbe kniDWledge of U, a^ wbo teld ^e tbe ftUoWBig tale, as 
r«biting to hittself ;«^ 


OiB TAhB OF TBS SltOlt* ' 

It tras frequentlj ' tHö custom wxth me^, fie aaid, to xoam 
ftbdüt the äe^Art places contiguou& tQ my. tiadvQ yUlagej) aad ^ 
aikiüse ItüfSeif bj perusing the destinies of eveiy skull that n^gbt 
He (eipose^ to tOj view on the eartji's fiurface j.spme.of wbicb weip 
moire or lesir euiious^ as baving sufibred unpay^llded hardisjups w 
the wotld, 'frpm penury or diseas^; wbile oiberu }ai passed their 
-'äeeting ^iäteuce^ withQut compairailyely a sigh^ or sia^ cause 
to weep j i^me agaan' from thepinnade of power and rieheSi we^ 
suddenly liuried headlotig mto paradifle> or häl, h^ yiolent meana j 
f^inä fewthete were withput aome remarkaUe featu]?ej| tjxat tended 
^Itk&t lo "awaken reflecticm^ or to. feed, my inaatiable tjdrs^ fqpr 
'CtnfibMty; that gain^ a wonderful asceadencj pver mej fioom Ü^P 
ünst moinent I bepame sl^Ued m the art. Threa w^ka bad pnoe 
eiapsed^ and nö skull cöuld I meet with : my impatience liad juQ^ 
T)^j^n to vent itself in angry impzBcatvms^ whcsi« lo J I be)iald one 
^tdft t)efor&'Me : it was one eveniqg in Septeix|l>ery qq my returfi 
honle fröm attenduig the fest! vial öf Gauri*. I iiiAtaati|r . i^ 
töwairds it, and pen^sed üie linesof Sestiny withavidity.; 'but my 
'SStönishirient was great to'read as follows :^' Thy .days on wtii 
y^jll be fufi of travaÜ and «ore Vexation ; ,a. great wandeiser wilt 
lhö\i \)6; Imt nobody wiH care where lihou goest. . At iby dea^h 
ifhy soül wiÖ enter Sidyaloka, or the World of Truthj which is 
th^pavadisä of Brabni9> and 15 water^d by the purQ streams of th^ 
^a^gel. There wilt thoü bliss for iheee thoi^^aivL 
years/when thoy wilt'^gain revisit the earth in a formt of% 00 w*!;. 
"* ■ . • ' 1,^ , Thy 

« A fesayal hdd w Iwnoui of imo of ttie tbree fn^^ 
*dooii^ nained Siva Gauri, bdiig onß of the appdlationsiif Parrf^i, the wifeof ^V|i. 
^'^^'ThesjratemoClIteinetempgychosis, or trammi^ation of souls, was khown 
HVdir^fBiwct ^ te fisDdimlfMn «he eüUeBt agei. It U tmn thinn t^at P^tha^ 
goras, wheQ in IniUft, jsflU]^|p«aQdllso'havedesiv)id ^'«detelciidoetri^pYal- 
though^n^unj tö Grqece |ie taught it aahis ova. ib». tbal ibf 
booiu of tlie fifndoos (which appear tobe more antiäit thas the age of Py thägoras} 
aw #Soi vith exhibitions of tfais absurd doctrine, called by tfaiem Purwa Jauma ; 
and treat of it afi a System cpeval vith Ihelr niost aiideot ui|titatiM)i« äSfO: «nI 
i^^öüs^ 6nd establiflbe^ l)eyond all oontooyexgy. It geensio hftfe InhI its iv%ia 
{a )a int^tlon tp justify the . wUnii)i8tration ^f 'Proyid^cß in f^^y^yTu^nar i^iri^ 
^ndpiinishm^nts, and, in general, to correct the obviouß üra^^iüarit^esl which le» 
sult from fhe triumph of ^ce, and the fall of viitue« The q|»uüoo of the HinAooi 
ä, With respeel to the wic&ed man who'hds prospered bn eurtbt ifaeji^ds Junrc duc 
^»erd, thBt.afUa:_^e prescht Kfe, his 8oul.$haU l?e^6^th| ij^mfi of .tbe.^i^d^ «f 4 
liänah, of some voradoiu «woal^ ^ a cree^^ing ism^A ; jpQroovc^^ ^t t^ h» hom 


Thy bones (meaning the skull) will go wbere no other Ixinef 
ever went before ; af^ a time they will ride on the wingB of the 
wind; but wbere tbey will alight^ the Fatestbemselvesknow not-* 
Once satisfied^ be continued^ I would cast tbe lifekss bone away ; 
but sucb was the singularity of these lines^ that I pondered ava 
the skull^ which I held in my hand^ fbr hours^ endeavouring» in 
vain^ to recondle th^ prediction to my understanding« At last I 
delermined to take it home^ under the persuasiön that by keeping 
it secure from the possibiliiy of molestation^ I should be aUe to 
divine in piocess of time^ the real meaning of the latter pari c^ 
the prediction^ that the skuU should ^^ride on the wingü of the wind, 
and alight where ihe Fates themselves knew not." On jny wsy 
home^ I plucked some of the broad leaves of a coooa-nut tree^ and 
wrapping it up veiy carefuUy in them^ I fastened it with ooir 
cord. My chief anxiety now was^ to select a place where it could 
remain secure from the prying eyes of my wife. At last I r&- 
solved to enclose it in a bag, and suspend it on a hook that was 
fastened in the centre of the ceiling in my great hall, the saiictity of 
Vhich place, no one, not even my wife, ever dared to invade. In 
the evening I cairied my design into execution ; and I gased on 
the bag containing the skull as it was suspended to tbe centre of 
my ceiling, with delight ; and secretly resolved in my own mind 
it should not be removed, at least, until the mysterious psediction 
relating to it was unravelled. For seven years did it remain in 
this secure State; at the end of which period I determined to on» 
dertake a pilgrimage to Kasi (Benares). Previous to my depar- 
tur^, I assembled my wife and family, and told them ihat my ab» 
sence would occupy a period of six months, and caütigned them 
io bewBie not to enter the great hall^uring the period of my pil« 
grimage, nor allow a human being to do so, on any account what- 
fiver. To this injunetion they all bowed implicit obedienoe; aad 
I kft my native place for Kasi, amidst the loud waUings and 
)amentations of my wife and üpouily . At the end of six months I 


l>]lnd, or dobked, is an indie^tion of a Ufe misspent in a preceding State of ex* 
{stcnoe ; atid that, on tbe «mtraiy, to be bom beautifUl, rieh, poweifiü, a Brah-^ 
man, or eren a cpw, is an equally dear proof of bis baving, wben in that State, 
passed ^ purp and ybrtuoys lifo' It is not until after repeated new births, joined 
io'.the |iractice of virtue and repentance, until the soul has been purified, and ha« 
oonected its dightest blas towuds teirestrial objects, that it re-unites for ever with 
the divine Para-Brahma^ or Supreme Being. Such oontinues to be the bdief of 
(hc Hiftdoof > and) w it »ppears) of the generality of Asiatacs at this day. 


^lelanied. It was at ihe hoor €i fimr in Uie ereirfng I ^aatiBttA 
fiiy gates: a dhurwan* an aeeing me nttered a loud dicmt« and 
«anoimeed tbe joyfbl tidkigs of my anival : my wife, wbo was 
the fint to ai^imieh me, feil at my Ibet^ and embcBoed them. I 
eatered tlie great hall inunediately; but what was my astomsb- 
ment to behdld that the bag, and its oontents, had disappeared^ 
•and nothingjemainedtogveetmy anzumsTiewImttliekuwli^ 
-'' Wmnan V latiä, tuming to my wife> '^ teil me> on tlie pain of 
instant deatb/ as I seued kör by ^e throat^ ** who-— who has 
invaded tliiir sanctuary in my absenoe ? Wbat has become oi Übt 
faagy with its oontentSj that I gave ihee mich stiict ehaige to pre- 
serve? TeU me^ I say, tuemUmg wxetch T shaldng her, finr my 
indigm^tion knew no bonnds. My wife, Icneeling at my feet, 
säp^icated« in teai$ and with uf^iftqd handsi, my fong&Teness fx 
her bommission of the wosst of crimes-^-disdbedience to her hns» 
band'soommands.^— '' I oould not/' she said, *' suppress the curiosity 
I feit to disoover wh«t the bag eolitaiBed. Hie seoond'w^ek aftei^ 
yoor dispartoie, I had a ladder fized to the oeiling, and on asoend- 
ing it, I opened the bag, and eagerly examined its contents: my 
honor on seeing a human skuU was extreme ; but my curiosity 
was no sooner appeased an this pcMnt, than I feit a burmng desiie 
to know the leason of its beingplabed there. For a long tbne my 
mind was in a State q{ tnrbulenoe and amdety to diyine this re» 
^nainiwg mystery, as well in doabt ^sdiether I should i^lace it, or 
keep it by iae, and candidly amftss my weakness to 3^ou on your 
return« At lengdi I consulted a leamed gurut of our TiDage, as 
to the miwning of the skull being saq^ended to the oeüing, also 
w[ith legaid to its ultimate di^osaL He assuied me that it was 
the skull of a fiend, which, in itsanimato State, had wanderedorer 
the eardi in humanfimn;— that unless it was insta&tiiy destroyed, 
and etery pardde of it gvound, e?sen topowdcr, you wouldbe 
affieied with soce calanoty» and never vetum houet • I paid th^ 
guru six rupees, and ffowai the odious sknll kmtantly, topowder, 
and it being a stormy day, I cast it üam the tq^ of our house into 
the air, that not a partide of it might polluto our Compound. 
Now,'' added she, '^ I have confessed aU I know ; nobody isin fault 
but myself ; and attribute it, J pray, to my sex's weakness, or my 
love for you, and forgive me !" Casting her &om me, and command-* 

* A door kceper« f A Hindoo priett 


;PB0di0laen ;r*-*<9nüie ißpgiiiua^ pf QViM$j tiUMtrBwaqli»^ jgiwg » ■ 

] .Kishen Dpi» ^nMU I thwdked jiiw £irl)ift.tolr;'^bai mfffoth 

aato gLvfi-isMegBoe to iho Deal 'eiä«ieiloeiQ£ anj «üdl iijk; rbaioiL 
luTtiie^ «eB^veiaaliom ijC appeamd tbal ^ Sräiimass» wha paoi*' 
.ft^Kd tha pfOD/Afit üS it, ni^re ia>äia luabU t»f fieQiQg: ititothoiB 
w^a ifeie d^^ esaitgb tapay bandanndj^a I»a witiBttld^ as 4agr 
.s^pposad, into ito itiyMiiea. Thii fllrcUnMlaa«0^.a«ollg^:manj 
•oA^s> wiäeh dii not eeoipe ngr mulke^ isipRaaed Taa:iiith die 
justiae <o{ obsesvations aontaabad ia &a:iwt^> af..claaj frinffiat. 
-imtarspalDdiaQr^tiiiat if haKtibe aiipcdcrtftti<»»feMwiH>d ^idaiatwaua 
•GUBtoaia pi^yal^t. in tba .fiaMii wai« Arac0dviaQud>a»j^ 
jdi^ would appaaif to te aat an. foai^.aiid naxtand \ij AajaiLß- 
ifitereat aad gntiScMEiidii of cxaitj Biabiaaiw(y and 4;uoia or fnaüB 

' JäüuBA 3km uraa ^^asaiimatälf find.rof. }«fltaiMmg.tQ.£iH^ 
aa pedfltea ; i^itö.indttl^ liutt» I iv^fMildreli^ av»iaelj:..teik I 
iDUBdipoaepIeaaedliiiftao^wall'as IbatedtedGadottt sn IhaEtiatem 
ftjla of th^ loanFaUiraü» or fadoubtadi^o aicita inddani «rtaaiali»- 
«laiit^ifiuipia»« ar laüg^r ; nanalterliüw mpijolMblalbailiddeati, 
£ctiaa %ci^gft^u0otf y fiOimiliBii^ad lo Aftxaioäaf m Jtäatic> aa to 
JbefeaeivedwilbaagiaailiplaasittQastm^ He. w^ihifttiiai srould 
|Avev9r ne widi a rdbtion of BaatanttalM two of Ivdnah .I.iiia^in- 
f^ as tv^ail fdr tba caaterteinmaat.. öf alf .ireadai4ciaa,ti9.(afir a 
diasa^stemioKsl jpe^^ tfeo . geneiai^ imtafibaA pgpainartwm 
aH. Tbe finrt^ .'a^biidi ba ]) at i)MUJl»M:^kbriii jrogoe 
l^a|oaiB^ Mftboaiwwflana and-iAaiatii?JBoBli%ttaa^ wwwiiii^aaiUL« 

Iowa *«««• 


' Ä tap6dä bf a Aip fymg in Musc^tRoad^ was in a great Htrrry 
toptdetepe^saQöA, mordfer ia^roceed to'wa 'imttieöiatÄy. ' As 

« The Hteral expression made use of by Kishen Boss, was the sailor of 
% Ijandy-work :" but the better to accommodate the title to the English reader, 
I have alteredst fotkB taOtt: af « il^-work.*' 


cm board to offer their Services^-?:-'' WeUj" nod 4bm ^ptttiii 
4» <fie fl£ Am, V wtei $^f 4& yotf ^«oi^ ay »aar—'' 8iz 
foiüaB fHrtffidi^ CMiV'i^l' y^ w!^; p^. obf-r^And jm^^ 
Itioakfaif te «iMilb^v^-^'' Fiyß ]ni]peef».' Sabilf.V-''' <io^ r^güai 

CNfti'^-Hllnlli njir -ma%''.fp«düqg' ^ %'w:9diltlook»g MabovmMn 
di»; ¥^(9 4dvw>äeJb V]:i^A>ed. i» ati enoifi^oiis wdidkn j|t#a|-äiD»4i 

8(Mi>."-^'^ Idght of .lAsr «^«i r «lidrtihe daplailb ^' twnty-ätfee^ 

mab; '' beteiM»-iJ'n « «Onr of fdL-Wotk"«-^'' A iaü« fif &Ui 
mf/k\ Bj Am» pBf#«f of Mabmitieai whai'ft Üastr-^*' ökr t^ 
pUad :fhe naa» utith li paottUwr avckfeiwi dMM^ttn&teyad tBorö tu 
t^e inmd of Ae daplain! thto tea tlioiifitfHl WorcU»» ^' yüu'ü.^eel'! 
V^ WeB> paia od, mlor of aU^W^rkr Hia Cv^w Uing 

. flc^iSodly had tfa^ daaiad iha toncl, spüd pto^sttod tl^eit isouna 
tlüroii^ die daep ^Miteffii, trhexi a dvaadf^^ fttonB tina9> in 4h« 
nidat tff wUdi brery aaüoi cn boatd was adüvdQr ainga^adia; so» 
toaaiy düt^jp-^lMit tha äiSlor of aJL»work; Wlio opuld not ba piCM 
Tailfed li^n to go älof^ oe inilaed» da an^ Ikiiig büt «a(.aii4 
driDk^ Wbidi he did Verj hoäiläy« At lai^l^f by Ih» a aaMrta»aa 
4£ anace bloi^s widf « xs^'a^ind* he wga jGpxtad; fraady agaukal 
hiB will^ to go aloft. Night came on^» all tha hoi>? 
tan etütb atonH« wlie& tha atfUer of aU-v^is^ IM» at fdl«dfdi- 
ia^ hia ttf«atitin> eatft hia eooiBfsiM wooHaft gn^eatHiaat «Mio tlf^ 
a6f^ «lid alid down, «opaimve^ 1^ op4 «f the backni^ya» 
Ilavälg vatehad Ihe dMk> ha iJ^wJad «ata the oi^^taiii'fl a^fpa^ 
iDoH^ whferahifetoy a€P c aa t |d / aftdinparibci^it8<»j abüfitecocif 
aUite inriiieb dilt6% biaeiiil^ Imttl^, aildj in ohonu ev««y daia^j 
awaitifeg hia toüd^ 5itiA aU of tiUch. iade^d iM^nilldeliufia^ 
«»daUj fia^ ufBdl ha ftU ifilo luaoifi^ atep. 

The itenleiKt ihe aailM aaw; tiiidi ^aoiaiCfUs woeU^ft opat fiA 

into tha aea> tha^f tee aad all^ «iqplpQaiQS ifc to bQ A^.fiiügtßßXf^ 

bawkd out to the «aptaisi on deok^^' Tke «oite; ff 

JIM merioardJ" and aftar the ]«pto of ja £ew 69^ 

liffle Aa aailon waaa jEte^uekitlj oeoified in iwatii^f the <^ 



t«eler of tlidbr eccentric slil^aiite>\aiid lamettt^ Us^usdaidy 
endy. he wais totallj'forgotten. 

In a te'w weeks the ship amved in slglit öf BcnAxif, ^ Thcf 
were sailing vnth a für hreeze for tlie luubour^ 
onc0^ a voice was beard to cry for, kelpl bat nobodbf o(9ild teil 
from whenoe it came. Seavcb was made around tjie ahip,' aad in 
eveiy direction, but in vain; still tbe Toice oontintied iUtJty, 
louder and louder, until it riveCted tbe attention of tbe wlmie 
crew. One of tbe sailors said, be tbovgbt it proceededfinioi tlie 
Stern. Tbitber tbey all ran, beäded by their captciin: bntgroat 
was tbeir astonisbment, on casting tbeir eyes towazds the roidoTj 
to bebold, tbe sailor of all-work ! wbo was dbsorred gwimmfaig 
witK one band, bolding on by tbe mdder cbains wiih the odier^ 
and pnffingy blowing, spouting, and flouncing about, as if diow ifc* 
ing — *^ Ob, you unfeeling monsters T be ezclaimedj in a hitf- 
cboked, and ai^rarently ezbausted utterance— >^^ ob, you demooBf 
bere— bere — ^haye-— I been— swimnmig aftex^-*-tbe shqp— oll ■ the 
way— -oh! from MuscatI and you wont-^pick-^me up! Ob, 
you-^wretebes I-— Help I captain, belp !" Tbe crew, by-the d^ 
rection of tbe captain, speedily got a rope, and .püiled hÜDn «p 
like^a. big fish, marvelling greatly,-*4na]dng müch of himjr— aai 
assuring bim (wbich was very trüe) tbat tbeynever heaid him 
ery out bi^ore,. and wondering at bis ämazing prowess, in swini» 
ming so far as be had done : As for the captain, he detenainecl 
not to part witb bim. 

' Tbe ship had not been many days at ancbor in the hatboiBr eC 
Bombay, wben a Paraee merchant, wbo dined with tbe oaptaa» 
boasted of bis singokr expertness at erery bi^nch of skiH'whUi 
formed the to^c of disooursew Among other extiaddinary freaks 
bis predilection for boaating led him to dedaie • hieudl a 
thorougb adept b, was tbat of swinnning and diVuig.; in ahott, 
he dedttred that be oould swim, of remain imder watexv hmget 
tban any other man in Acin ^^ Tbat," said the ei^tain, *' I 
must be allowed to dispnte witb yeu, being ready to bade a nikr 
of mind agaiast any man in the universe at diviiig or swimniiig i 
in fiMt,'' said tbe captun, " be swam after me very neady all the 
way fiiim Muscdt!"— «^' Youl" said .tbe Paxsee mevchapoty inm 
impasttonf^ too^ and gssture. of defianoe-^'^ you doubt ^my 
woidt I'U dive witb you for fifity thousand rupees, or with any 


a Biän>" aajd the csptaixij " I am too lKx>r to trtak^ upoiv a ven«. 
ttm t bat if ytm ehöooi ti» make ii- tda ÜhMnanä rdtiees^. I ftia 
vea^fte ^lidmn^- thd ietaites/ if fou are.*— '' Agreed r rejoined 
the^mcmhaiit. ' ' Umflires 9rafe tlieii apjftxmted, a^greeitienU drawA 
(Müi^'Uld 'ibe mbmiiig of . tbat day fortnigbt was fix^ upoa for' 


• The. j^jeelad-^Rrager bftmgSnmied ibe cbief topu; of ooater« 
sBlicm'ia tfae tDwn bf Bentbay^ a vast cfmccnine of people afaem- 
UeA'tM, all fCairt^ra early (m tbe moniiiig appdnted, towitnets 
ibe Unt. Some predicted^ tbat tbe love of oonqneit, ar denze 
of ^gtfinj i)»0uld cevtamly prove tbe destni^ 
oAen-agaiii^ tbou^iitbePaiiBeewouldwiB; wbileibe majority 
wäre of- opiaioa Aal a abark wou)d>.iao0t probably> gat bold of 
bolbr of tbflxi. 

I^^tfudy lit tbe bodr ef teren; 1^ Fnfsee merdiaiit made bis ap-- 
pttpraoo^ filid'Was'insftitiJtaiieoulÜy.Hnled'witb deafening acdama« 
ii0B0 fiMt ibe aommtidiiig midtitude. He' wate a Heb torbaiij 
ünngHwUhgold. Orer bis ifaöiriders^afoldof piain caEoo^ beider-« 
ejkwtlh säwrboejpartlyooiieealed asupeibditäig auit^ wbiöb bad 
bee» dipped* itf a ihagiciatt*8 caUianj conttioing a myaterious 
lifqid^ cdeolated' to leoder tk6 weacer of it> '' inv&DciUe in wari 
nA'*viiMdom in cenleat.'' Ibis pracbas suit warn decked widi a 
prQAUMi»> ef ditfmondfi^ and viBasy daq[Ni of pearl and gold; of so 
zare a workmanship, as to dmafe and deligbt tbe eye of e?esy be« 
boider. -Tbra^Yassalib A^lowing bira; beie tbe annmnt of bja 
B^ei^Lten' AowMsad tüpees; abd ddmrod tbe sam over to tbe 
uaytaeB/wbo wece »«tifes ttf Benbay, of lugb Yank> and' wtse 
sealid ^ifdeva splendid ^imopyy made of 'sandal wood; erected «t« 
piBlsly'ftr Ae-tjoeasion.^ In tt iew n^tettesi tbe eapftain waitfiieen 
to ndvau^Sj ^itko Hke^viso-deBveied c^m die amount ^ bis slakea 
to'tbip/ttnqpiies; AHf ncv9t wöre waithtg wkb Impatienoe fbr'tlie 
saflof of.4iiH^otk. At laat^' « wii^refsal -d^t' announeed bSf 
appwwiiM>-tft'lte«unn# of a stf|dl'bi]Mt;be'btfdto^iurniountA 
et^ teiVMiiedülio^ beaob* 1%«8t3^ditSj<bowetee; soongave 
wiy'^to «iQcibns*^ aWbet^^^lnd Intonsa onzlpsityi .for be^waa 
obflvr^pliBifigafterbiB^ 4o tbe^aBtomMneatof «Ujraiid wifMnt 
defiit)gf4>l« ^^fne^tnewB, 4^ 4afge>vbag, eonlaimng sSj^rentlyffMi^ 
beK^.mfb|taoce^:* {Jvea^'.^tyQt^aa figced upontbim) ^ b» te^Bb« 
rr ed 

-i^ Whttt 1« Ihbr' äaiil liie PimM mewlisat» ^"W&MI w itr 
msA Ih^ nCto (^ alt<m)iiE> itith « Mdf kok i > '^itee.^-^' tOmOr 

^t^^ihesanor <2r> ^-'«v^ wltii a lool: of ^bicAbl» OMtaupt «t 
M» lMlif»raafyi ^^Uy'mt, oeftäbd^r Al 1^^ kNid Jaugh pM- 
ceeded ftom every äde : the sailor of all-work however advi»o«l 
to tte ^inpimi, aa^aft« lalMfig ihem4lifttk|^-^'«ii^^ todiTe 
finp ai»r8gQr> U ^its nm^ aii4l4ttvie be iiwdEli tat Hiattie^ aot 
doatem^late ithe ^idaa of MoiiMBg Glider \va«er'WlA0ttt'aiqr 41ilBg 
fo «at*:'^-^^e dliMip|>eefed. 

• VM#afl-^iv«re th» einywwaio nfl of aitoflij&nen*> oMaANiad iif 
]^ dfita<iiättätlo# 4b ^rema» 80 loag «adNr wal^r ai to'«o»6iHBea 
Ibftg^ iide^ gaye nsd lo« tat ihey in^em not k«pC long fai -suflpeoae:, 
für he again appeared^ with a sack of dates^ two jazs liill «f flh&a» 
i63Ei^ iitÄ 86iHe taangoe jdiy.»«^ Now/^ «äd &a^ ''I Aa£l aaon 
ta rea^ "^ 3F0ar'aBd again dinppoued. Iitlüb Atenae^-tM 
Panee «oaxdiaiit «^«ttkod mudk tö 3b alj^imd toicnitiBbia Aie «Mi« 
tefitaof tkebäg^ tai^^ras^iot paraikted \ay^ ike ^iio{)fiMik IiMd 
äi^ «^eated plimdito ^no^' anaoaiiosd 'Cba^e^appearanae öf'tfe 
MÜMT of.fldl-^^ c tat> 'Oiiee iBore> tha locddlada^ wav^ doo i a f 
tö"fl«i8^^ äieir greedngs^ to ga«e fat eüani MMkUbm/mt, not uo« 
inked widi 4ha ^aÜest eiaäAaik!f$ at the iaBoar^of t^-mvik, wiw 
Was^kBenRedtoadwieeh^n« 9ixlu8^feBö«v«y'b6ailitg*(ml]udv 
aiieutdeM afi enoinöus aiM^or and aable. Afltor^liavaiffnMaK« 
^vesdiöBff^ 8iii]ß«ifle«ooafiiiNiodt7 4Aiii unaidoaniitflMia-äppeacaiiM 
had «iibadifed> l&e umpuas ihamgelvei ^müjIA not imtiain liicftr i»« 
fvMti^etoeMj ^ha> with th^ äa^tain, and 1^ >a8titaii4i«i. FMtt8# 
meräiaiit^ flaiked fovindihaMäor.Qfatt-wbil:, qariü«iäMhf aa 
touiamg ooneouffia of peeple, all amdoiM to aMortiän ikointentJOf 
tSiefle oniiKMis pMpan^M^ tat ^psrttculfffi^ of ^tia' andtar «oi 
ealfle. «^ As^injprovifilofiir/^ Mid1:he^«afioFor ^It 

kave -alreadytöld'jrMi f«r ifiittt')>tfiFpo6d4ihe7*weiiiteaJed> the 
anchor atfd^ble/' l^rning ^tolita aaanchnrty «^ k^ Wkrlkfg u§ aife 
io^dh<Mr^at^h€^tattom'; aüd fo iaep u« -ootnAiiiaftle ^Itoe^ «irtilr 
^r'^k[ öf t>iDYiaiaB8 ift«^ean6iniiadi^--^^'Wliaet''ättld Afe i%d0ec$ 
xnc^&nt^ who Hy tk» l^fne was-hatf wa>f %iA ap f iwih q i iien' aa^ 
ilafpHae^«^ itteti come t^ <ln aaidbor «t ^At» botfoaif and eat^ 
and^ink ifieie ! Bf dia power of fkfehomiaied \ not I4^Vowy 
• ' now. 


now, do I perceive jour derign, caitiff ! Thou art a "»g^^iin ; 
if notj the devil Mmseti ; and kantest to sdctifice fiie at the bottom 
«£jdie oeesa^ bvii tlmto to JfolioiMedf Im» pfeil^rved£«|ii^ 
ekitehi», «iidiü# fiiry.oC tbQ ficndb ;" .^ : anfing, be ^y^a^m 
few;«lq^:injoi!dBr to ftj^pM io the tmpneas btft €to «tiir^Hadiiig 
poj^uface deemmglttftiiiitetiop. ai a xn^e evascm^dC^ at Aeteil/i 
s.'in;ä ayqid dw txial;of doli tbejJhad idl anwmiWfld .tu 

juafe; as Hlifsral iatlidr apfkoa^ att'&e«ä]ta<>f fdl^ik^ wak 
tiludaB.]ingjns.ibea]|!iij^Bl^ dot»^ ilia/8«flar 4f 

mll-wttkr 3leaawUik^ liie mmävuat,.whowm»B3&äiatitin!iihß 
«ut. zea^fOBj .wppreJBmii.w Girlus Dvnx. u&lff, wmtm/kä im .«Mka 
Im eaea{)Q> ttoidst ifae^dke cftaS a oi pn aiil.u|^rov ittetauxiiMBBdfld 
luBn. Täüiwasnu^afeaacr asb8cteiaeS>.lthaa die.aai^ 
nw «jptöft h^kd widi.niiivarsallacelali^tKm;. «»& idM stakttvJi^ 
ihe lodiqtdf 42ie n^es» irae dAUvwBä.wli»: tue cf^ifttn'« Itaijb^ 
aa jüitffy Juieiied; «dbo^ m 1» At mä»z ol att-i^ork; 

iao'^al^iKUipagrrftmtir JNEar 

did.3Bs,baBiLtjriend bei««: ^fu/liiä endmiL iii.£Mbi> l^fuMMA 
Idiü.wiifli A rao^ti^ mtuätad iviibe anfnote ctf..'(iift fimed oitjrdof 
SciKcaä> wfapuJi of as< . tiiaiia^TBiTiÜBgeLt>£ ftaiaateioCdllfnadcf jaü li^tfivM dtttv t» itiifl .iiayv^»<feiflitip^Ahei wrtifcr .iind 
^ainxüratiiQtt o£ d^he /cimora^. w>o Sode .locoad Ma dsisl^og M 

^p.hkdefmglian of the: myafeanaaAie. iihsepttd ia Ae aiianitaHf 
flggflia^ andliia joätpiälQvk HM^yk >xte itbaaeitu. ' I ' • ' - ^ 

._-... .... •••■*«»»♦""«•• ..•.*.; 

second tale ; wHch is one of the many hdd in general estiHutfitni 
i^^thfi'Ifiadoo^^ U )ittiäiübi»d>.«7.peäi]utf oaiioai ten;tiiev.)Bir- 
iwiiaf|l|«wTff o£ n^ Jnmogibcfiiig. jbopaaced^ (md I xaayt not padiiipB 
^eara»Bficiufi3^iMmdndäyjflü tlga JnMtdqodaon. iifdttGad JHa h w iJ ife 
as wdl d8>odLer.'''^^iiejfB^n/of .i;lid.J^aatp»7 )a9Ütttifackc^lhfl:<la^ 
flgitt ;yaater.::feai^udfaiyi;ihifaL ^otiieBi: touay: mpwinl eimrmmm 
IjiraajtsreeaiU^rjs^Pliiafed^ wtiitmil'BaLfbamälAtdjciSobß^iio visAAt 
Jkde «(al4A]ixij|;|K HBtkikAiJnifluU^Uei imMum^yim ^JXMLMabm' 
i^jlbdpleaif Iiidb:''- <i^7ttk^^itifli[feiU^m^iaiA« iirfawaljlii^ 



A deef 8he[4ierd was one dftj tenSing bis flock^ near big mm 
viUagd; and tHough it wäis alrnbst noon, .hii wife hadnot jet 
bniaglit hirn hb breakfiist. He was aftaid to leave his sheep to 
go in guesk cd it^ lest some acddent aÜoiild befall iSnem. But bi^ 
bunger couid not be appeased; and upon looking round, .be 
spied a Talakfäri, ojt vilbige .bind, wbo bäd conie to cut g^ass tor 
Ins eow, near ä neigbbooring spring. He weni to cali bim,, 
tbongb very reluotäntly, becäuse be knew tbat, tbougb tbose ser- 
Tants of tbe viQage are set as watohmen to prevent tbeft, jet tfac^ 
ave great tbieres tbenMäves. He bafled bim, bowever, and Te« 
quested bim Just to give'aa eye to bis flock, for tbe sbort time be 
sbould be absent, and tbat be would no^ forget bim'wben be 
retumed fxom breakfaä ; but tbe man was as deaf as bimsdf, 
and mistaking bis intentions, be angrily adced tbe shepherd-— 
'' Wbat right bäve you to tske ^diis grass, wbicb I bave bad tbe 
tnmble to cut ? Go about tby business, atid let me alooe4" Ther 
deaf sbepberd observed- tbe repulnve gesture of tbe bind, wbicb 
be took'for i signal of aoquiesceaoe in bis request, and iberefoie 
bciakly lan towärds tbe village, fuUy detmnined to give bis wifö 
a good lessoa toit ber n^leet. Bot wben be Äpptoacbed bis 
bouse, be saw ber before tbe door, rolUng in tbepaoui of äviolebt 
diölic, broogbit on by Rating, oter nigbt, too gitaJt a quanüty of 
zaw gfeeB peasCk' 'Her sad' oondxtum, and tbe neeessity be was 
imder to provide breakfast for bimself; iit^tsnnt^ Qie sbe^ieid 
bmger tban be wisbed ; wbile tbe small conMence be bad in tbe 
person witii wbom be left bis-sbeep, acdeieratedbis retum to tbe 

• • « • • 


- Orerjoyad to see bis flock peaceably feeding near tbe sppt 
Wbere. be left tbem, be counted tbem cnuev'; and findiag tbat 
theire was not a »ngle sbeep iBäning,.''5 anbonestr&Lbw," 
qaotb he, '^ diis iJVafyari,' tbe v<^ jewel of * bis iaee t I pro« 
nased^lum ä niif«rd,iand be diall bflte-it«" iTbere Was a laine 
beatt in tbe flodc, well enodgb in^otber sespiects, wbüeii be bcästed 
an bis'ahoaJ&n^; and, canied to üie plaee whese' tbebindwas, «nd 
i ^r i iii a ysly ofiared bim tbe.muttau, sayingH-:'f Yoii bavb taketl 
gfeat eaiw g£myibnpduiin|g my sjbsnii&^i^lake tbis oiie:far yoor 


I < 



. ^ I^" says the deaf hmd-*-'' I htefk your aheep's leg ! 111 
be hanged if I went near your flock onoe you. have been ganß, 
or Btined fnm the place wheie I now am."-^'' Yes^" laid the 
ahephetd, " it is good and üst mution^ and will be a treat to you 
and your farnüy^ or fiiends."-«^^ Have I not told thee/' xeplied. 
the Talaiyari^ in a rage^ '' that I never went near thy sh^ ; 
and yet thou wilt aocuse me of breaking that one's leg. Get 
about thy buanew^ or I will give thee a good beating!" And^ 
by bis gestores^ he seemed determined to put bis threata in exe« 
eution. The astonished ahepherd got into a paasion eJao, and 
assumed a posture of defianoe. They weie jiut piooeeding to 
blowsy when a man on borseback came up. To bim they both 
appealed, to dedde the diq^ute between them; and the shq^iecd». 
laying hold of the bridle^ requested the haraeman to alight juat; 
for a moment, and to settle the differ^u» between bim and th^r 
beggarly Talalyari.*— '' I have oflbrod bim a present of a aheep," 
says he, ^ becanse I thought he had done me a Service ; aiid» in 
lequital, he will knock me down.'* The viUager was at theamner 
time preferring bis oompkint, that the ahepherd wpyld accoa^ 
bim of breaking the 1^ of hia aheep, when be had nevev bei;ft.- 
near bis flocL 

The horaemanj to whom they bqth appeakdj haypeiied lo. 
be aa deaf aa th^, and did not understand « word that eidier lof , 
tiiem aaid. But, seeing them both addseaaiag him wilb vehe->t 
mence, he made a ngn to them to liatan tp him, andthe^finank^» 
told them that he confeaaed the horae he rade waa not hia^owa z 
'' It waa a atray that I found on the voaä," ^oth he» ^' and being^ 
at a loaa, I mounted him for the aake of ezpedition. If he be 
youra, take him; if not^ pray let me piopped^ «a I am naUy in 
great baate." 

Tlie aheDherd and-the villaflBe bi^ >d^ eaah imaanninc that- thai 
horaeman haddedded in favour of the olher, baoarneaace violent' 
ihan ever; both cundng him, whom they had tahan ioor thei». 
judge, and acciiiring him of partiali^« 

At thia criaia, there happened to oome up an agad Baabman.; 
inatantly they all crowded round himr-'-akepherd, Takiyari, ani 
horaeman; each daiming hia interpoaitioii, and a deeuBonin- liia 
favour. All apoke together, every one telling hia own tale. But 
the Brahxnan had loat hia hearing alao.-— '^I know/' aaid he« 


^ fou mnt ib ^fa^ &e 'to return li^e tb b^ (toämiiig Us 
#ife); lmtdö)rbükiio#!]toe!!8raet^? ' Iii oll tÜe legidttg Üf Che 
defvil#> I cWfy ybn to !md öhö tbM is li^t equal in wicftedneas. 
9ifkc0 ih^ ÜisA l finit b^gbt ber^ i>be haii teüde tilfe toinflift iÜ<M« 
läü tblfo it \vill ISe ih fti}^ ]^w^ tö BxjtiMe ih tliüHy geneftifiMs. 
I Am ^ilftg 01^ ä pügrhhäge tö Kaski (Benäi'efl)^ triiert I tväl Wtoii 
ibyfelf frdm tble ihnumetaMe enmd^ I hare been led ihto^ fitMki tHe 
bttür in \irbidb I bäd tbe taHäfohunö «o ttia&ö bei^ nrf nHfö. Then 
wiH I ^v^r bat tbe reist ^ äiy dajis oti aliiis^ iii a strsmge laM/' 

Wbile tb^ w^te all fbvdc teiiti^ tbeir e:Scdaiiriitif)iife^ witboat 
bi^atitig a 'üif&Sä, ibe bi^ntesljeater p^tc^Ved sohiö {toople lidtMüdsig 
tbt^ard tbein witb gireat spded. Fearing tbej taigbt ht ^nt 
o^ttan 6f dfe bi^ti bä dii^oüiitdd^ fäeA tdot to bü( beels. The 
A^^d^ iteäibg it ^^tb^ gröl^ng latis, #eiit to look alter bis Ihdk, 
jtottrkig 'oiSit (hitses^ ^s b6 taidged^ fehlst all aibithrt»rSi and bife- 
terly ectnipliaahig, lAiat; all justiee bad deported fhnb tbe eartb. 
Tb6Ä hb bälbmigbt Mi&i^elf üf a {fnake^ tbat efotfsdd bis pafh in 
llife ihotliing, as be came out of tbe iBbeepf>ld> änd ivtucb nigbt 
tfaidrilttt iRMr tbe ü^blei bis bad tbat day experteüced. Tbe uM' 
fOiiiceleahM to bS» IcM of gtasü, and finding tbe Ulkie^hetip tbere, 
be took it oa bis sboulder, to punisb tbe shef^erd for tbe rescatkm 
Ifö liad giv6tt bim: aüd tbe i^ed Biabman pütsued bis coorsetoa 
dhoültay^ i^Mk wak ndt far off; a quiet iii^t> ivhd toiuA ^Istep 
8c^b^ hk ahgeir ih part-^and> early ik tbe morning^ several 
Brabtnans> bis relaitions MA neigbbottrs^ wbo bad traeed biM wi% 
^eMiHdBd lastiä tb 'röt^qn hdime, ptomising to en^s^ Ina \tife to be 
mcfie bb^eht and lese quarrelsomä in foture. 

' It wiM rtMi)y bfe fü)ypoied, tbat I 'tfirBS not i 
Tantage I derived from tbe intelligent society of Kisben boas. Hh 
stttenäon^ bbwevets was not tonfhiied to mere wotds ; bö wonld 
Bfequentfy ^Votir me oh tbe oecasion of a Hindoo ttaattittge witb 
a CBtd öf afaission to a nauteb^ or fbstiväl^ lield im c6lebratlon of 
it^ wbeie it is usual for dancing girlü»* to exbibit tbär Teapeotive 


. • Thcy sre l>etter known to tbe public by «he oösner name of »U i iimiHii. 
Their professioQ, indeed, requires of them to be open to the embiBoes of pecaom 
of «U cairts ; and although originally they appear to faave beoi i&tQuied for the 
gratificatkm of the' BraftunfiOis only, tiiey vre now ftccusttmied to ^xte&d dMir IW- 
yoon to all who solicit theuu 


odl AflOMlvet '^ imHydui^" «r #£(iMf ^i^i« ^^« «le al« cnn 
plo^ia dM WQtihip of idob* b dieir teioe Aej nevfr «UK 
widiiii0n;k boonfiiiedcutfae^|]9lliiQgnA^ Tkejr^ietbßooJy 
womoi t«tt^ to cead, to mg» «r i9 daoQe ; Md m ih^ iure ooq« 
aitoediasQodMtittidpraiisiib^ UiW>«UU tbouf^ t^emvk^if 
an iiTegalAr«dttcatioii> if airkliimirmiliaB«r«Be f^u^d «if^de of 
didier leading^ «gmg» br;4aiiaiiig: d» bendf wonld ib« Asbuped 
toMDifeiBit. F4tf tUs foaKm dio Br«bP8iM MBe JO JK^i)«te4 witb 
tiie £iix«petti cHstom of pcmwittiwg» «aj^ josm ^ «nmufgius^ 
tlMir wiveg, to ^xisper jnd M»Ue im ^Fufafio fNmokPii^udly widi 

Wo faad «nade in appoitKlBiaii ^ sltenA » «kufttqh, wJiMsb «sü 
lo Ufa fkee in tho veek Mkmxig, «I tiie «epwwl jvquM of 
«mong huadrodf, fcr tihek isupeaauar jboou^r wA iOCitopliifatMml»'^ 
It wosdboot <bar dayB paar ito tbo eveotng flSRpcfoM fcnr thf 
lUMUcii^ Aat SiConAiaed ndbe «o« hofiid lo fffpopoji» ia |)i<|f|V8n« 

iag> fen^ the diMotiaii of .tbe nvWr Bengolo^e i» iiKmAovi f^W 
obsenred burrying to aod fro; and my dumiily Iwoig .^ffriilqd^ Jl 
{noöeodfldinihejduxcftkAfif tlwttiBMr« Qu xw^hing die hopka 
of tbe riprer^ I b^luddAiipkBdid budgcmw^atlioar ihe iw$|ig*i4i<M^ 
in a «mlui^ iMe. Hie natfares wMce iniloodiig Ite biggagp ami 
v.mBoa witk etoiy fflqToditwn» wtilo two <^Hm^-Wtff^»" M 
^bey azedegignated^nr *'xx]iuitE7.fa>iiiH'/' vmio iilapi4iilg ifft 40^ 
tUdy ongagod in anporhifcfidinfr «ad ioadkig Aeiv apsiittap«^ 
l^Eesuning^romiilna obtuniitaiioeibagr^^^ |;]|ei»iPiiOBB^ mdfw« 
4mviiig Chejr weiie EngHih, I ad'VBHoad ftonraKfla ib9W «od tonrikKt 
od llte uae ofmy ooitags^ afioonpaaied «wtftk an ioTi/tfitign, to ver 
«Man widi ne untfl tbeir affiörs weK anamgad ; vbMi.$b^y ff^ 
«•ftod^fvitb aviibly« and abondoMO of dnnlEi. Jt mf^not iie 
Affliasitoctmaikihere, Aat tiiejckescf 'haq^il]afil9r4m> obsjorred tp 
aa cKtreoiey among Eooopeans in Inda, in taT^ling tbfoii^ 
^'^ interior^ it is coniiderad an ^Gsontto jpasa an ^iiMÜgP &#^>y^ 
>or tbt habkation of a fiatopcan, willioiit oalfisg«!^ W^ flojouiiv- 
ing a periiod of aome daya, as voBSf prove aiart cpnve«iea^ l»>b^ 

• A bo»t eomewhat fike our pleasure-barges : it dnws fimn four Io^t« liM* 
wMer. -Soknehaveeriiins^KU^eenfeetindejaBdj^iep^ 
1^ Ik^oApiiiif of a EuiopaM by » native woman. 


ti!>avellen Such strength'has^tlie love of codntijr orer.otSithemtB^ 
that strangers meet as brtytbers^ and c&at as socutUy and happily 
as if tbey'were really of one famil^. But^ alas !- this enviabfe 
custbm>like tbe löosateä hospitality of England in ancient timea, 
iB giving way oonsiderably^ iiom the great influx of European ad«' 
venturers; and the habits and manners of the Anglak-Qrien— 
talists have of late years undergone a sensible change. 

My guests were soon housed ; and in the course of a few homs 
my hitherto seduded cottage was a scene of bustle and festivity ; 
the misanthröpic habits I had insensibly imbibed finom a strict 
sechision from the sooiety of niy countrymen^ were then ezpeUed ; 
feelings that had so long lain dormant^ as to become weQ-i 
extinct, again cbimed their asoendancy^ as the jovial catche- 
toast^-— and enlivening glass^ circulated freely ; and after haTing 
been unused to my mother-tongue fbr months together^ and ac- 
customed alone'to Hiadoo accents^ if I exdept tbeFrench spoken 
by-my wife^ I feit such music from the voioes of my guests as de- 
Hghted my heart> and aroused some of those few and short-lxTed» 
büt delectable feelings of which man is susceptiUe duiihg his fleet« 
kg existäiceonearth. . 

' My guests^ I found; were indigo planters^ then on thdr letom 
to their respective &ctories from an excursion of pleasure to the 
fiaff^^famed idty of Hooghly^ distant £rom Chandemagoze but'a few 
ttiles ; and their budgerow having Sprung a leak^ they were ihrowii 
hy- this eircumstanoe iinder the roof of my. humUe dwelliiig: 
Liberal were their prolessions of friendship, and urgent were they 
for me to leave my retreat to visit their respective fiictories ; one 
of them^ known by the name of Handitollah, being dtuated in-lan^ 
west of Calcutta^ about twenty miles^ and of which the eUUat 
'Hindoo-Briton^ . whom I shall call Dennison, i^as the owner* 
'The 'dther fiwtovy^ the property of the youngest^ whose name 
'was BoBgo, was situated in the nätive village of Haughbaul<Ji«tt^ 
distant in«land aboot thirty miles west of HanditoUah. I was 
averae to leave my retreat: every shrub^ every tree^ and obyect 
about it^ was entwined round our hearts in: ties of endearment, 
and I thought I should be happy to Hve there for ever ! But the 
-thirst df man for novelty is insatiable ; bis eye is never satisfted ; 
^the sight of new objects in remote and föreign countries^ but add 
fuel to l^is deare to see more ; and with this ^ager propenaty For 

^ noveltjj 


Xitrdbj, as well as with the hope of being still better acqüainted 
vnüi tke nsJdves, liaviiig an opinrtiuutj^ as I then should^ of witr 
neasing their customs and mannen in tlieir primitive ämplicit]r> 
JUBshackled at so'great a distance in ihe interior, by the restraintf 
wbich the presence of EuzopeanB impose upon them ; and also 
•with a faint hope I indulged of meeting ¥dth some advantageous 
field for employment'— I embtaced their ükvitation. After re- 
maining with me for the space of five days^ during which peribd 
we lived ii^ the ei\jo3mient of uninterrupted cheerfulness and good 
Jiumour^ thej departed for their respectire factories^ Irving a 
^xnMummah with me> as a guide to condiict us to HanditoUah ; 
where it was proposed we should renudn. about three months^ at 
the expiration of which period we were to proceed to Haugbaul- 
•haut. In the:mean time I dispatched another letter to my friend 
•£ndtfield^ on the west coast of Sumatra^ having conduded finom 
hU rilence tl»tndne b^ nuacarried; a. too weUIknew Im dis^ 
sition and feelings of regard towards me^ to harbour in my breast a 
doubt ,of. their sincerity ;, and hamg left: directions with the dawk, 
or post-office peons^ to forward my letters^ I prepared'.to commence 
myjouiaey. " . . '. ^ \ 

. I was not forgetful^ however, of my engagement at Übe nautch> 
-and at ten o'clock on the appointed evening, I sougbt 
the portioo of a large native dwelling» buxied in the centre of a fine 
•garden^ suxrounded by underwood and ahrubberiesy aboüt twp 
'miles &om Ghandemagore. It was opened by. a dhufwan, or 
joör-keeper ; a Hindoo^ bearing a cane^ mounted with gold, then 
:adyanced^ and ushered me into an immensely large room, crowded 
by natiyes suffocation. There was however.a small 
^uare^ about sixteen feet by twelve feet, xailed off in the centre^ 
.set apart for the dancjng fpih, as well as for ■. the acoommodation 
of natiyes of rank^ or fayour^ and where I was offisred ^n courtesy 
to my nation^ a d^air. The partition was ridily carpeted ;. coisdy * 
instres were suspended frpm the .roo)^^ and on the sides of the. walls 
foa^y wall shades^ or oblong glass, lampsj lit with coooa^nüt cSL, 
produced a brilliant efiect. At the.h^ of the room« distant'ten 
or twelve paoes from where I sat^ w^ a throne of pure gol4 ; Üie 
leanopy^ twelve feet in height^ rested on four massy pülars, of .the 
aame precious.metal^. and. of exquisite workmanship, the. nobs 
b&ag cttriously fillagreed*. On the front of. the .throne tbe Ho^ 
> . M 3 nourable 


ilOüziUe CoDij^/f «rn» ^ottTB duMafdüed ; «nd öti l2it tlmme i^ 
«df was seated the liridegiooiiiy «n a searlet veltet cusbioii : ht 
was a fair Hbdoo^ appaiently aboot tlaxty : tbe biidit was not 
{nresent. Bf his sicte was a Vis, emtfiniiig bctel> wliich he chenr* 
ad witli great iang^ftM^ locftii^ on ae what wac going forwasd 
with apparent indifibreace ; and if I eould jUBtiy divioe die i 
ward einotionsdf bis iotit, fron tbe self-cotoplaqencf depieted 
bis features, I dumld pronounce his liappineffi to «rigiaate in liie 
bstentatioaa dispiay of liw fifliarjr bf n^luch lie wafe fonottnded, 
and to be incraaied bodi bf the aootemplatkm of liifl own import- 
anoe^ as tbd dispenaer cf benefits^ bowe^är sinidl> and by tlM co»» 
viction that be Wal» tbe dbject of tiie adtairation of tb« namaoua 
nndtitude eolIcK^ted to witnoB« tbe nantcb. Bat bard indaed 
Would it be« if be could not enjoy bimfeelf witb an oatiay of ex- 
pence ao princdy« tbe greater pacrt of wbtdi wai latisbed &r tfae 
entertainnieAt of otherg ; «^eially as bil puiaaiti were innooea^ 
and in acoordanca wiUi tbe oastom of bis eountiy : indeed leouU 
not bttt wkb kiin £rom tbe bottom of ta^ batf^ eyety bap^infiaa 
iie oonld dedte. 

As I before said« I was seated in tbe Square : to my left, aboot 
üen paces ftürn me« was tbe tbione ; and to tbe xight« or latket in 
nontof me^ weretwodandng^h. Tbey were well, iiay, dega«^ 
ly nude;— ^bair fotnä, was s^mmetry itsaLf ;**«>tbe]r coloinv la^bn 
plive« iiMÜning to fair; tbeir bak« long, bhuik« aoft> and silky« was 
divided in fxont« and fiurtened in a large &ld on tbe lower pazt of 
tbe back of the bead^teacbing half way down äie back; pa&nie% 
ilweet4cented flowers« and el^aat attire« entwined witli atudied 
art, abouttbehair« indioated luxarious ddight. Qneof Aemhad 
a black eizcle round the wbites of her eyes, and wbidb« unaceoim^ 
aUe as it may seem« added« at least in my eye« to her beauly. 
Tbeir eara weie decorated with small rings all iwind tfaeas, aat 
with gamets« rubies« and other precums stonas; and at t&e eii4 
of the ear weie golden ieav-iings« abont four inchet in diameler. 
On tfaeir neoks wevB eaitanets« and massy golden nedklaees; -4Ma 
their anns, golden armlets; bangles of silver and gold on tiieir 
wrists, and silver ba^gks^on tbeir andes. llieir attire was tte 
same as is nsually warn by Hindoo females> widi the exeeftiaA 
ef the Substitution of silk for ootton« and a pair of brand iSSk 
tiDW^BTs j the whole artanged with striot vegatd to deoancy» tiia 



ikfffd, 80 fts to 90|; Gj^T tjieur di$pe lo tl^ utmofl; «iy^atagp ; ^9 
fe§| w^re left bore. ^ 

Tkm^ ä^fxcß was a cadeuocd nmyement, but gv^o^f^) fuid plen« 
si)ig^ ifi T^hiph Ü^e motioii of thßii: arni» a|i4 bandf^ witb • 
cßftsm expre^^ion of featuie» ipdkalive of tend^mes^ eßn^lßJitj, 
£^4 A^liig^i oocupied tbeir chief attention^ m ibey 4o ool jpaai 
as in Eurc^j with regulär Steps. At üiterval« tliey woold e^ant^ 
in a loud screeching tone (any tliing but musical) verses of tbeir 
aopgs^ w]bidi> I luoiderstood^ rdite4 to lome ciycrnnstaiM^ or 
otber 1^ t]^ lives or amours of their godflzr- 

Tlwjr «u]|^, fmd w th^ itiaeß. tfaelr am» ahmre, 
Their lolling eyes oon&ssed their aoul was-4oTe I 

Conixary U> the representatüms tHat had be^ jnade to m^ nip- 
tbin^ lasiciviouß in tbeii: moTements did I seß, nor any tbing tp 
aSend tbß chastest e^e ; but such is the soft, seductive» and ak 
jU^ing ch9f;9^cteir of.tbe dance^ as to produoe in jgfsißrßl a teil/ 
dency to daIH$nce oa ^veijr lipbolder, B^hind them were aeated 
crosa-legged on the caipet^ four Qindoo mumdßjmi xn^ of tbei^ 
beat 9 tum-itum^ or drum. His ^ead« Shoulder^ Bimß, apd evexjr 
viusde^ were in motion dunag his Performance. Another pk^ed ^ 
4 harp, in gre^t favour ^mong the Biahmans^ callfid bma; tfae 
wires of metal> the ^tgut.beinjg considered too isfipure fbr ijap 
fingei^ of the Hipdoos to ^ouch. A thitd thmnnnqda guitar> ci^Qad 
kinnara y and Jthe fourth kqit time hj sounding a Idnd of muoca} 
bell. The ^oise of the tum-tum, with the di^cord^t sccapingi 
of the string^ instru^ents^ and the intennitting screechiag^ or 
§hriuekß^ of the girl^-^-the jingling of their omanientS/ divarsifief 
with the dance of the sjrrens^— together with the splendour of tb^ 
^rooin^-;— tl^e throne^ — ^and the sable diyersUy.of hunuin objefts eonir 
posing .the ^udience^ fonned the prisicipaL leatuv^ of mj epXetr 
^nmentj, with whiqh indee4 J was x^uoh gratified, ^d did not 
return Ironie uptil a latß hour. 

^othinj; astonishes the Europ^n more thoa the absuyr^ and 
obsfxeperoug din ^;id co&fviaiop produced by the jn^u^ pf the 
"ßxßäpos. äo hftr^^ jil\st6^ and discordant, does it isoui^ f^ 
an European ear^ that the very i^a of ordcr^ or a^y kiqd qf 
^pethod^ would seem to be i^together o^t of the questioxi. | ean 
pompfure thep muedc whfch ^ccompwles the p ro ccynon bf l(l^t|t 



Idobi to nothing better ihan tke aound cf a pol^r stnidb W»« 
lentlyagaiiift a brass pan; and tliat ci their nauteliesj to the 
acnpisg cf nnmerous ilUtoned Tiolin»— to tbe souiid of dxnmm 
and bellst trying to do justice to some of the fiead-lSte mm in 
** Der FreiflchutB ;" and yet Kuben Doss aamMd me> witb gmC 
grayity^ tbat '' tbe English were wonderfolly dever^ and mider«* 
fltoMod every branch of the arts and soiences to peifectioBy batoD^ 
and that waa— musie ! of that/' he aaid^ " we had« not the le* 
motest idea/' 

Like uSj they have a gamut of seven sotea, and are tan^t 
music metibodically. The gamut^ wMch is said to be introdnoecl 
into IJurqpe but in modern timesj by the Benedictine monk 
Guido Aietino^ bas been known to the Hindoos harn the earliert 
äges; itistobome in mind^ bowever^ that the I£ndoos hare 
never brougbt any tbing to perfection; and that in sciencea, arti^ 
and manufactoties^ they häve remained stationary at ihe point 
wbere they were several hundred years ago: their i^usidam at 
that remote period were as sldlful as those of tbe present tiaies ; 
and if we oompare the Hindoo music^ as we now bear it, with 
that of Burope as it was two or tbree thousand years ago^ the 
former might^ and probably would^ take precedence over dl 
ötben in a mnilär stage of sodety :-^'' In those remote agea, die 
Druidsy and other leaders of populär belief ^ in tbe greater part 
of Eurqpe, used in their rites nothing but dismal and horrid 
shiieks^ and had no instrumental music but what was piodaoed 
by dashing one plate of metal against another-— by beating on 
astretched skin—- or raiong a duU and dtoning sound from a ham, 
or a rüde Instrument of twisted bark.* And they would pvo* 
bably feel as little gratification at that period finom die duloet 
Marains of an European band of music of the present day^ as do 
the Hindoos^ wbom I have frequently seen gasing with a stare of 
TBcant euriosity on our band^ but so little deligbt did it seem to 
afibrd^ that I tiever knew one of them to renudn two minutes. 
'Ai to tbe ornamental arts, such as painting^ sculpture;, and die 
like, they have as little emerged from barbaxism as their miuBc 
Their painting, particularly^ is nothing but mere^ufamg, set off 
widi brigbt colours and extravagant glare« 

To pioceed:**«-A budgerow was now' engaged^ to conirey 
myaelf and Virginia up a navigable creek> that ran a oonsi* 



Sexftble dkfcailoe vest, ioio ihe inteiior; iemd at tlie ttaninadkm 
af. which was Bituated^ at tlie distance of a few inüe8> the iadig^ 
ftolorj of HanditoUali. On leaving TKuh«a Doss pv tontporv, 
I bade Um a cofdial f arewell^ as I leveceneedliim for bis age« aa 
well aa Ibr bis judgment, and Uod attention to me« I could not 
but r^ret, bowever, as wa parted on tbe banks of tbe rtTer^ 
dot the castoms of bis cast forbade our «haldng bands. Sncb ia 
tbe nature of custom^'or babit, and such power bas it oyer ua, 
tbat wben be bade adieu^ my beart was in my band^ ready to 
endrde bis witbin its gvasp ; wbile be^ influe&cedj no doubt^ hy 
similar impressions of regiazd^ but unused to tbe *^ pabny teaf ' of 
fiiendship, expressed bis feelings tbrou^ bis aged bat eloqueanit 
eyes;— pressing^ at tbe same time« tbe bead of bis canoj or sta£^ 
witb tbe like cordiality as we sbould our bands> bad we been 
ooantiymen. I oontented myself witb expressing my bope^ ihst 
". tb^ Creatoar and Preserver of tbe universe would protect us 
botb> until we met again." In tbis be tctdasHj joinedj eiEpresdng 
bimself nearly in tbe same words. 

We left Cbandemagore at break of day^ and sailed, witb a fair 
wind^ up tbe Hoogbly^ until we reacbed tbe nulktb, or credc« 
We tben steered westward^ tbe beatmen plying tbdr oars^ in 
consequence of ibe wind failing« As we advanced, tbe prospect 
beesune moite and more inter^sting : tbe green crops of paddy and 
nee> witb tbe native busbandmen following tbeir several ogcupa« 
tions-^tbe spots of jcmgle, or forest, scattered bere akid there-— 
all bearing tbe aspect of nature's simplest garb^ aided alone by 
tbe indnstry of man> i^id unadonied by tbe studied art widi 
wbicb tbe cultivated fields of Eitiiope abound, was a gratifying 
8pectacle;----<me tbat I would not iben bave relinquisbed for any 
oonsideratüm. Tbe jackal, in appearanoe not unlike tbe fose, 
was frequendy seen prowling near us, storing, as a dog is some- 
times obseirved tp do, on seeing any attractlve object— Hxds of 
gaudy plumage, partidtlarly die paroquet, . were in plenty;.as 
also innumerable bevies of wild duck — ^tbe vidture and bawk, 
bowever, were tbe most conspicuöus, and very aotive,^. eonvcrt*^ 
ing the fair firmament into a seat of constant waifare and deatb. 
The face of tbe country was a leTel :> and I must not oimt to 
add, tbat tbe luzurious odour and refressbing fragraooe of tbe 
meming air, surpassed any tbi^ I bad ever be&re cH^periepsed. 



ffunbor 9i!9g^w> &Dd we UnMt f^ w^ i»knryi9« ^mv Wgr 
gi^ii^ «nd jkliQ eoDimiBii^, or tetler« of üiv JSemuoQ« «etUig 
thß p^ «f ft glüh' h wßM %t Üu^t wmmk of Üie ye^r onjlled th^ 
cM WMflD« in dl« mimtb of JvOß« wlien Ibe »cnr^-^aftsv)^ 
aoon is pr^valesi j ön4 an, i9ur Iftodi^g« wjupb wm »bput dey«» 
iit t}i6 &xemmh wo fou»d the UmpeiiQi(tti^ of tbe air pl^puoAglj 
nuld« biitin tbe jounmu^ «od ^vimings th^ pold is jiite^ae^ t^^ 
iüCQixvfiiiieoo» x)f rrlack hk tbß mote spnsibjy feit, fipm tkß oir^ 
c^ Hm rtft D o e «f sjxm» bemg out of use in IndiA* Tb» «jip^itFAn^ 
of iee 10 not iineonumm; «ad thfi Q»tiivoi^ huddUng t^Qx^^^y^ 
tq^Blbor inlo a ^' puiding fiostu]«/ fleaibod chbi t}idr Iiwo^sj fuod 
WiFpcd i]i A INttoe of whitß cajAOO> with notbiog bu|i Ijißir black 
polinaflbqaiioaiBpcflpivgout^prQdHc» ftliidifinm9effoct»a^yibewed 
in co^trast with tlio wUteness of tbeir dothing* 

WefnLfeUßi on üpot £or six or oevjeai .miki^ tlN^qgli ^ oountry 
tis Wightlul M nOtd to «fiw frezy stqp wo t^ tm tJ^O plajii«, 
excited interest^ £rom the possUiiJity of inootittg. yiiSb ^v^'^ihmg 
nowj oitlior in aniinal or v^g^taUo m^uie« Xo Uie \7Qpd9 wbich 
um pmei ilmm^, iwjous objofifcs «med to bi^lglit^ii tbe pl^nr 
«uro of our jouoKqr» weh «» bu^^loon» foxo«# (yvig foap;«^^ »9d 
pto ff o ct fi in thoir wild atoto; bu^ tbe gnj pl\iiwge of tbo fea-* 
Iherad mse, wlio woü» obcorrod. noeUng oboltor on tlie jimi^j 
bnioobos nf tbe tamtarincU 4bo pibNu »od ibo p^nmA!k> ^9^$ 
fum 4he mm'§ xoytu ttxat bowno oppred«ive«3 it re9fib«4 the mor 
«iidim, wjwo Ify üx tho «iobI; nttiwstiyo of tho awnroujAJjfi^ ^ar' 
iKolt^ U mi^thoJfira^.tio« Ihdd ßi^^ what lai^j \» i^m^ 
• OQuntiy wattif mwUett «ay^nftti^ iemd; »od bpth V^fpim 
»od «»yaelf fclt lib^ omurmo la d^Udous troa^ S^ thr^ o'<doolF 
wo.iwibed the indigo {$ßUa^ of HanditoIJfJv» 

The idweUiiQ^house »Itfidioci 4o tbo fnotoiy w^ siiuot^d «t 
tibe oxtremity -of ji Igwo, Mbont dio .distwupp of miy jßg^ frofi^ 
jtbe higb ^road thot. l^ada to Beoaves. Two €»oi;»oviß pit}ni-*tP9^ 
neaned tbcär «tateljr. head^al; .tl^ .ontranee; wai on oithor ^ide ^ 
the lane, «noa wwe oloftelf pbmtodj affoidiDg » pl^a^a^t ^faiMlo- 
Ja this hoiue Mr# Donnisonj }jiß feiend Riago^ And Mr»* Kiago^ 
wbo hadjarrivod fxom Calcutta.» eiq;)oot^tiQ> o& »od T^9ffy 
io rocdve ua» If any atato of jrodal ^oym^itj itided by .» 
jPQVKt of notiuo'js fiuioat scone^.togothor with i^veiy per«oii9l 


coovemttioe to be ^edred« woüU feetr ea o ftt dt atk, cut lyf Eiiibptf^ 
witb üie läe enjdynleiits in « finnii4Mmie in euvied EngboMf r^k 
wtiB Ihe iadigD üdaty of Mr. Denniaoii* Our hott tvbs a geMH 
ums one: ]^ liad providßd abondaiitly tbe Ittiäixies of Svorope» 
#u A fts baBi8> dieeses, ale> And daiet» vitk eneiy ttffkcrn xaritf 
to m«lD6 US liapp7* ItiagowMa|^a]»ntfy<^ adü^poidtiittau^^ 
io Ins fiiend Dennison ; Mi wife, a Foung aiid aniaUo (sreofe 
häj, loon ÜDcmcd an mwociatioti of sentimeBt with miiie ; and I 
was then of a tempwäment to enjoy the ddighto dma taxply 
a&tded mc^ to perfection ; bnt wbat omtiibat^to my lüppinasi 
more tlian anjr other cizcTimrtaxice, was the pniraoe of inj bvo^ 
ther Joiiig w3io hadobtaineda tempofaiylaate ef jalMcnoa fsom Ins 
thip^ that had amved bot the week befcire fin)m a swpftj. To bim 
also the change was a treat ; aad often would ve tädnlge in the 
golden bope of one daj retumang with a oompetenqr to #itr 
snkdre land^ althcmgh neidier of tu had any feaable prosped: of 
ßver hang aU^ to do ao. Stau., hnwerer, we enjof od the preaen^ 
nlomenti; but not wiihont albj^^the thou^ of die futuoa, 
now sa^guine^ now depvcsaed» woold erer and anon intrude i^ 
seif OB onr attention. After remaining with ns one week nif 
brother bade lur Iarewell'«<^a2a8 ! £or the last dme;«— «nee then I 
have not aeen him ; and üaBi[ixadtt6n xnmaars, it is leared, he hae 
inet with an umtisoely grare in the river Hoo^blj. 

Hiedwelliag^hoiue eontained five roenw on one floor, a hali^ 
and vcnmdah : and the honaebdld pf onr hoät «ooaiahed of ten 
«aie jervantsiy and £ve femak slaws. In finnt, was a spadoua 
tank» abeimdxDg with fish ; mnmeMus onthoiuäi, 0taUqs> contii»- 
ing tbxee jfine Azabian horaefl^ and a died for a l^ge aude efoi- 
jiuakt, enmicied the hack pait of the building» whioh^ with a 
paar of fine ints "finr die iaannfartape at indigo^ eomprised the 
pnndpal objects of the hotacy. iha diief amnsemcpt ooBsisted 
in ahoetbig aad hnating; wdld dades asid pamqueto vere ahmb- 
dant, as werä flying Cosea» that ^resentUe whea 'fljang aaqusnel» 
and have wings Xke those of a hat; abe gwnrdonif or joun^ 
a2£|^tors^ nsiudlj met wMi basUng in the snn near the barda» 
üf a ^tank^ into whieh diej phmge fot mtdtj aa (the appeuance 
of danger. The fleih of thi6 gwaideK;, as wiell as äiat^of <the 
%ing föx^ is erteemedn gzeat dcÜGak^^ 

TheJ^npseBsion ibe nnod teodm in the intedar jof a .foeot 



In^Iudla, ia für difietenti aad I may say, of a jsibxesaMii)^ tttn« 
täencjr, i^iau tliat received from a forest in Bngländj inattBudi'ss 
not pnly the grandeur of Nature, as '^xlijifaUed in tbebägHt, «ic^ 
eumference^ and density of tjie tiees, is remarkabley bat the 
intense interest which is the paramount and inseparaUe feeliiig 
in the niind of an European, affords in itself a great fgcitfanciit» 
He Icnows not whether a tiger or capellai*-»an eagle or a ynkme 
—an alligator or a bufialo, may the next minute cross hia patii« 
To an European exploiingthe inteiior of a forest in Hindoostan, 
every olgeet appears to belong to an undiscovered oountiyj wheie 
^yery inch of ground may send forth something newi bot to 
:the native its' interest is lost; to them nothing is new; mL 
they only wonder at the sensitive curiösity evinced in general bf 
Europeans^ in regard to objects that appear to them thiag^^of 
Gourse, and undeserving of notiice. 

It was in one of our shooting ezcursions about thne in tlte 
aftemoon, that we approadied a square buüding in a ^en, 
shaded by tamarind, cocoa, and pepeL-trees^ and wdll-iiig^ oib- 
'Scured £rom l^uman Observation : We weie casually attracted to 
the spot in the pursuit of a wild' peacock, which had ^Inded 
the ränge of our shot for soine paces^-^when a loud shbut, <^***«**g 
suddenly through'the wood, nvetted our attention* We fbund it 
came from one of the temples of Siva : we looked at thciinfccriar ; 
'in the middle of the; yard, or Compound, was an altar, on whidi a 
bleating ram, reeking with göre, its head nearly seVeied ttaat 
the body, was in the agonies of death. llie black agents, irii» 
were the principel actors in this soene, were nearly in a staie of 
•nudily, and being liberally sprinkled with the blood of thdr 
vietim, bore the i^earänce of fiends in humian. shape: anotlier 
terrific yell rended the air when the victim made its last aärag|^[& 
•^^^ Ab V* thought 1/ '* this must be some zemnant bf the aaadr 
ficeßof the ancients to the true Gbdj and these pec^ple kbow/not, 
4K will nf>t beHeve, tiiat the ' great aacrifice' Ibr aU, baa abreadj 
been .madi^" On tuniing, however, to my fiiend Dennisbn.'for 
anezplanation, he undeoeived me-*'' They are mst»" ^aid: Iie, 
'' saerifidag to Ood» but to the -devU, or malevoleot fiends^; £gr 
lh^ purppse of avertin^.their wrath, <and the evil 'to ooioe«'. Sack 
im acst of gross fatality as this in the nineteenth Century, eren m 
the (^ens (^ Hindoostan, äppeared to me almbst inctediUe. 


' We fhall taow leerwliat k fseiä \^ Ae Abb^ Dubou im At wah^ 
J9Ctof ihis mode df wonhip^ and on Ibe fanatics^ or wonhippei» 
of Bkutasi or üends^ wbo praetua it^— '' All nationfl of ihe eanb^" , 
be saTs/'' chrilized 6t baxbanms, baVe acknowledged tbie eadsu 
endB of oertain evil spirits^'wbose ^natore and coniStant employ- 
ni6nt it is to znjute men in Tarious ways. Rerealed religiott alone, 
^▼es just aiid Ational views of , tbe subject : miperstltion^ on tbe. 
oäiar band^ engendered by fear, and nourished by ignoranoej bas- 
oonjured up a tbousand abirord and xidieuloüs faUes, on a subject 
80 vreBi suited. PeopIe> Wbo bave not surmounted tbeir crude 
notions oonoeming tbe general dispensation of Providence, wben' 
tbey -fiäd tbenädives tmable. to diacover ibe canses of tbe crocm 
aöädents« boWever common, wbicb befall tbem in tbe oidinary 
C0VXB6 of nature, cannot belp asdribing tbem to tbe agency of in- 
ykible and wicked beings, . wbo deli^t in bringing upon men tbe 
yaijoas ilb and miseries to wbidi l^ey are exposed. Tbe next 
stiep is, io sede to propitiaie ihe Jiend, hy prayers, adortdum, and 
socrißce^^ The.worsbip of demons is universally estaUisbed and 
piaetiaed among tbe Hindoös; tbey call tb^n Bhukts wbicb also- 
i^fignific^s ekment, as if tbe Clements wete, in &ct,.notbing eise büt 
wieked qniits pelwmified, fmai wbose wratb and fury all ib^ 
disttttbances of nature axise. In many parts we meet temples,. 
Sp6ciä!Iy deroted to tbe worsbip rf wicked spirits; ibere are dis- 
tricts also in wbicb it abnost exdasively predominates. 8ucb is 
t&e.long diain of mountainä wbicb eztend on tbe West of tbe 
M3r8ore, wbere' tbe giieater part of tbe inbabitants practise no otber 
Worslnp büt tbat of tbe denl: every bouse, and eacb fiimily, baa 
its own particülar Bbnta, wbo Stands for its tutelaiy god, and to 
wbom' dafly prayeiis, and propitiatory sacrifioes, are ofifered; In 
tbose parts, tbe image of tbe demon is eirery wbere seen, lepre« 
sented in a bideoos fbrm, and often by a sbapeless stone, The 
worsbip of tbe Bbütas, and tbe manner of oondncting it, a^ ex« 
pLiined in tbe fouttb veda of tbe Häadoos, ca&ed Atbarvana-veda.** 
On onr retutn, we Were met by a gorü, or priest, mounted on 
a bdloc^, wbicb was decked ont witb beHsy'cowriei^, and rings 
tbrougb its nose; tonnd tbe neck of'tbbgura, numetotts rows 
of beads wtste suspended, reaebing as far'cbwn obISa breast, and 

' wbiiA 

, • Cowij, a small ahell, used in many parts of lAdia as money ; eighty make 
€ia0pim^ and fifty or tixty puiu, one mpee. 


^tf%SA }ie wm «el&Ag^ ^9nA bis fim Säger «nd tfaumW veiy 
ewM^y ftS be pMsod qb^ muttenng to hsBMelf U ihe mme üme 
hk mtMfM, tit pray«r«. His ai^eamfiee w«s «Itogether «ümark- 
sbk, &iid> in eonneetioa witk «urtottfidiagobfeGli> weU rfilmlgrai 
to leafe a lastlng impresskm oq tbe miiid. 

Bat w kit ^eqpecidly attiMted my ^serrance^ was itlii nigiilar 
i^ppe^mmee dfthe magidaBs ;•— «s also t€ tlie snafae-duKBieri. I 
lAiall flm fijj^ak Off tlie fermer. The art of laagicigayatiBinatiffally 
tätiget attioiig l^e iHtidoM^ ati4 the Brahmaiit gita it a piioe ia 
the table of tiieir scsenoes : itd taystenes ate said to be devdopedl 
kl flevaral of Üh^ bools ; bat patdculatly m tbat of tli6 finv 
vedas^ Whicb beata tbe name of AtkafwtnO'Veda. In Euaipe, 
Hie täet of magic (so loag as a belief in k aabristad) vaa mde»- 
stood to inean a compact entered into with evii spirin. Ift laclia 
boweyer, st is dififeient ; tbe praotkioaers f«o^ve tibeir leHonafian 
iSte «[lastars of ^be art> or^ as tbey tbemselvea sl^iie tiiem, t&eir 
gurus. ;. . 

thß power is soppösed lo consiat in drawii^ down evil><]flL yvo« 
tiding antidotes t^sdimt witcberaft, wbicb tbey diKtiäbote to tboie 
wbo dtoose to ooHsalt Üseüi, fincb as eiK^amted beads, toatß, 
plates af copper^ ^ritb extraorAinaty figures, inexplieable 
and K^ataeters engra^^ tbeseon> and likewise amulets, to 
talismatis fiom incantations of ewery fcmd ; «eoret nel&odg ^ ißg4 
i^iring love^ and of caring> er Controlling tbat passion. are pro-' 
fessed to be nnderatood by tbe magtcians ; ^^ tbe seeMtof obtaia- 
ing unbounded weahb^ and worldly blessings: bat ^e gread 
peifection of llte ext, is beldlo consist in tbe pewcT'Of ooapMiiiii- 
eftting endiantment to tbe anns usedin war; and it ia aol iia« 
eouunon for tbose wbo ba^e weapons (supposed to be) eharmed by 
ma^c, to bid defianoe to wonnds in battle. Tbe power of a ma« 
gidan to destroy a besieging army, is anotber ü£ %be «appooed 
prerogatives of magic ; and it is well known Üiat 'inppoo, damg 
bis wan witb tbe Englisb, assenibled the most celebratod mgi« 
eiana fimn distant parts cf Asia^ for tbe parpoae of deAioying tbe 
£ngli& army ; but they were dbliged to confess^ tbat ^loir »ean* 
tations bad no power over Europeans. 

Tbe practitioners of ^ art are said to mabe nfle of €be bonea 
ef certain animals^ such as tbe elepbant^ black dog^ tiger^ Uack 
cat^ or bear ; also tbe bones of a man bom on a Sunday> wben it 



fUb öh Ai^ ttlw tüoM, AtA cft ft mmmht^imsk VtiAAfr tte 
fm bones tH em Euiüpeati^ of a Mftlumietati^ I^mMi^ aud siJycErtl 

cüai%£%6ii&tic of tbis peiiiidiotiä &rt is^ llid sttcürifice ttf ^fttwntn tftr« 
^^ *, UBually young girb^ of the age öf tw^gtvG jr^n ; itäi thef 
dd not s(»niple to db Whenevet any iirgeht of pardcuhtr efibcts ar6 
reqaiteBi to be produeed. 

Tbe appeäranee df tbe fiiagidanl saw trad qüite in uDason with 
bis callitig; be fode <m a sony^-lookSng donkef ; tbe eap he wore 
was bltie^ and of a tonicsal eliapei bis txeck and breast tv«]^ Ute- 
I0II7 oovered witb beada> and bis fingets wil^ tStv^ tings. Re 
tims tall and tbifi^ of a Jet-b!ack öompleidon ; bis large black eycB 
tfppeated i^ady t6 stairt out of tbeiSr sockets^ from tbe appat«nt 
effi^ts of lEitu^äi^ng drugs^ ot intoxlcating spiiitlc. Indeed^ if 
eve^ btiman belng was calcirlated; by bis appeatance^ to ctm^ to 
die nftnd tbe ideä of a teni, it cenaiiily was tbis tnagyan. 

I first saw bim in one of tay tailibles anrong iUxe prednecs of 
ttanditollab^ wb^ I waä attended only hy my e&tvmt, wbo tm- 
Aenstdod Sn^b well. ÜbtöSfving a crbwd txf iradvesttöstribe 
iMsat, 1 venfured to approadb tbem^ wbbib was no sooner ob- 
served by tbfe by-Btanders, tban tbey t»ade way for myself and at- 
tendEmt« The niagi<aan was bolding fcftHh, in a 3oad and atti:. 
diated sttttin, witb bis face to tbe san^ and apparendy aidiessing 
i^; bnt^ on seeing my servant^ be sdddenly (sbang^ bh position^ 
4ad ordered bim to stand in tbe dentre öf a ting tbere wasieaSy 
jformed in fibe midst öi diem^ and wben tb^ne^ to lAirow tbe cane 
ht \uM bi bis band on tbe groünS. fie iimneifiately timtjfiiad, ; 
büt no soonet bad be entered Hbe eb-cte^» and rifirown ddwn bis 
tiane> tban be esbüUted etbty syoiptom of teitor^ and trißSi iJzmd 
^at be was encompassed by ad^^teof fixe, fMm wbibbtt was 

* impoiGflde 

* That human saczifices >haYe exkted amoag the Hindoofl, may be pioved 
ftam a ttindoo book, said to be written under tbe dbrection of Siva, ebtitied ^e 
^ KaKka*Purüna^^* in tMdi vet detafledthe nHxte, eetemonitt, miämd^ttinsges 
aCsaaifiiangi«üDninviclixnB«oiiRhg«dB«sd^ Tbe ddef itf :ttae 

gods aie, Bahria^ Yama^ Dharmaraja, Kaü, and Mariatna, The sacnfice if 
hdd in this book as a right inherent in princes ; the object oi thie awiftil rite 
bänglx» Knder tfae divinities tnare plaeabie, and to öbtidn ütOrfKr oM rMe aid 
i^ btttla. Uwpjßyy howev««, Um hocdd praotice is now »enif^ if ;90t.entbli|r, 
ab^lished, if the victkns sacrifioed in seeret by the magidans, in their oeremoi 
nies, are excepted. Öne of the books of the sacrcd Veda, caUed " Atharvana- 
' VtfSa," whidi teadies the magical art, recognizes thie horrible ceremosy. 


imposdbk fprlumtoe909pe:'---Thi8la8ted{OT ad« 

nutes. The» magiciaTi then advanoed^ muttering aonie uzuQteiligihSe 
wordsj and told mj aervant to pick up bis caae. He then^appeaxed 
eiren more teniüed than before, dedariag be was in tbe midat of 
waler, and should be drowned ; indeed. Im indicationB of tennr 
were so ezoeasive, ihat I expected every moment to aee faim üdnt, 
or lose bis senses. Tbe magidan immediately pulled bim oat o£ Üie 
zing hy tbe band, and tbe astonisbed crowd sepazated. As for my 
serrant, be departed bastily awaj, seemtngly vezy glad to escape» 
followed by myself and tbe magician, wbo, it appeazed, was well 
known to Mr. Bennison. 

Forsomeweeks be continued to visit us daily, esbibitinguiuie^ 
countaUe specimens of bis art, wbicb failed to make ns proofr* 
lytes to tbe belief of immediate supematural agentgr, bat oer* 
tainly afforded a fund of amusement. Tbe limits of tlus wock 
will not admit of a description of tbem, but for tbe satisfacdon of 
sucb readers as desire furtber Information, I ins^t Üie&Siawiag 
eztract &om tbe able autbor before quoted, wiib wbibfc I abaU: 
condude tbe subject-^^' But it is from rivals wbo eserdae die 
same trade, tbat tbe magidan bas most to dread. Tbeae do wbai 
tbey can to counteract bis projects, and to make ibe eflfects of bla 
own widted contrivaaceafaU upon bimsdf, by emplqying speDs 
of still greater efficacy. Tbis being tbe case, tbey bear a mortal 
batred towaids eacb otber, or at least pretend to do so. Wben 
tbey meet, tbeir mutual disUke breaks out into loud defianoe, caU« 
ing on tbose witbin tbeir reacb to dedde as judges between tkem^ 
and pvonounoe wbieb of ibe two is tbe more skilfiiL Tbe eonteat 
b^gins. Tbe problem petbaps is, to lift a straw from tbeground, 
or a pieoe of money, witbout toudiing it. Botb advance, bat tbej 
stop one anotbet's progress by flinging endianted dnders, or by xe» 
dting saapttas, Tbey botb feel at tbe same instant, an invisible, 
but irresifltiUe foroe, wbicb repulses and dnv6stbcm back. Tb^ 
agaia approacb> redoubling tbeir efforts. Tbe sweat extends in 
drops; blood js disdiaiged from tbeir moutbs. One of tbem, in 
tbe scramUs^gets bold of tbe piece of money, ortbe straw, andlie 
is damonmsly prodaimed tbe victor. 

" Sometimes one of tbe combatants is Tidently pzedpitateA 
upon tbe gtound by tbe force of tbe mantras o£ bis antagonisl. In 
tbis State be remains for a long wbile stretebed at bis wbole length, 



breatihlett^ and (dSshe tnakesit appear) deprivedof aensaäoii. At 
length he gets upi and affects to be rety ill for se^eial days. 

'^ It will teadily be mipposed that I attribute such disputes and 
thdur ooDflequeaoea to a piemeditated undentandiBg between the 
quacks; but^ tbrottgh all India> the people are finnly penuaded 
that these pxoeesBes result fram magical aecrets known only to tho 
iiutiated few^ who, by thetr means, ]^x)duce such wonderful 
effects ; and it most be owned^ that effects ate ocoasionally pro« 
duced by them, of 'which it would not be eagy to divine the 

It now remains fbr me toallude to the snake-channer^ or keeper 
of8eipeiit8;faut it iameceflsary fint tomention^ that of all noxious 
animab firnnd in India« theie are none that oecadon more £ce« 
quent, or more fatal results^ than serpents. The evils inücted 
by the t^;er, though very frightM^ occur more raielyj and are lesa 
geneiaMy feit. In any one village in India^ hardly a moath passes 
without some person suffering sudden death from the bite of a ser* 
pent. The most common^ and, at the same time, thi» most venom« 
ouBy is what, in Europe> is generaUy ealled the vapdl», or 
iiooded suake; but by the Hindoos, Naga^ Its bite sometimM 
occasionB 'instant death. It is distinguiihed by a memhraiie oa 
each side of the h^, wfaibh, in generale is not pec€etvid>' bml 
which, whenererthe animal is initated, rises up, andf<»nns a Und 
of head^dress^ presenting a rery beautiful appear^nc^» Unfortti-* 
nately this snake is met with eVeiy Where; aad for this MMm, ^e 
Hindoos offer sacitfice and adonttum to it, above all otbsn. ülie 
festival espedaUy consecrated to its worship (and whidr is me of 
the eighteen annual festivala of the Hiadoos), is eelehMted with 
greatpomponthefifithday of diemoon iiiDeoembir. Theeon« 
stant fisar of its dreadfol bite has causbd i« td be eonsidered'tha 
most saeted of animals. Upon the aame piineiple, tha>Sgy]^tiaa» 
pay divine heaours to the crooodik.— ^ Ataplae&caUid SiAMihi^ 
manya, in the west of the Mysoie, tbere is a tanqfto «qfteadf 
«rected to serpents, the name of Suhiahmaaya Mog demei fretti ^ 
the great serpent Subraya, which is renowned tu liliakhT:BM0^ 
and the principal deity honoured at this pagoda. Wlüa liM^'to- 
ürü oQiaes round, vast crowds assemble from all pavts» «ornffd: 
sacrifioes to their creeping gods in their sacred dorne. Maaysetf-^ 
pents, both of the capeUa and other.q»ee&es, have taken up their 

N residence 



kept^ a94 well £dä, by the prosidiag Bi^iJ^Lii^cmfi» wiih «lil^^ but- 
ter^];i0nft8» . By th« protectioathey-liQre.eajaj^-^y^ttl- 
t]|dy exQ^^tigly« aoA jouij be leeti swaiani^i^ fiaosi es^ aaoftj 
ia Ibe t^nple: ftad a lardble «aexil^qit i^wldbe toinjvieQi 
moleal^ tbeo» ! 

£su:]y oq^ moroing I was calleß. up tö witiM^tibeftatsofs 

sii^ke-^htnaer« wbo had aniyed witb two baskats^ caie^Uy c&< 

y&a^ oy^ .and fiUod witb.serpent^ pf ejerj ^od. lioofi^ly iusig 

on bis andes was a variety of large boUow brass pngs; thfff 

w^re ci\t isi. two biseadtbwifie^ aod so cooßtvpct^ that,# «adi 

2ik<)ti&n of liis fbpty tbe two sides stxikijag agaüist aacb otb^i jn* 

dueed a sbriU i^oise« rcfiemblmg tbe sovnd of a brafssr b^^ia wliea 

^rudc witb a bapiiner. He placed bis baskef» dpw9, andp^^ 

a pipe;, the sounds of which were both barsh and pieroogit walUd 

leisufely round the hall ajod bed-zoonvs^ Xooking i|ito «wh exemt 

ox f^rture^ .that prese^ted itself in the apartmentsiy wiA iuiow* 

mon quidmos«« Suddenly he creeped cautiouAly towaids a ^ona 

q£ one of the rooau^ still playing bis pipe^ aiid witb the/^wci^ 

of h^BlCDjff^, .stmatcbad bis band towacds. a capella . we ww |eep* 

kig oat> .a9..if..listeniDg to the music: .a «fuegk, }ik^M ^ 

of a: r»!« annQuo^ced it» capture, and it j^pp^ared^ eO^md 

round tbe ju^^ler's. airm, while its head and faags werega^^ 

firmly betwe^n bis fiager aad thumb. ]äia thiunb ioäes^ ^ 

blpody ; but. after .applying.. soioe ijeston^tive yiediriac ^ ^ 

wound» he placed the serpent in bis basket with the otbßis* ^ 

Hi|)doQ9 qonftd^ntly bdieve that s^akes are ehanned by tb# «QV» 

of iibß pifey*r7%it thcte i^ no. de^eptioa in the ca^i bot iptfj 

JBuyopeans .oQUolude th4t it is a ran^ imposiliion ; the «^ ^'^ 

itkg in pvitti^ a snak^ preyiously tamed^ and aci^mtaf^ ^ 

th«ir musbj ^ iato some repipte plaoe^ and so inan%giai^ ^ 

in . appeaiäng to go qasually in that ^e/atim, ^nd b^fH^u^ 

tQ pligr^ tbe snak^ camef Ibrward at the accustom^ M^'' 

but at Ito sayae tinae, it must be confessed that thisapiai«& ' 

not general; ^d I have baaxd x»any of ni.y ^:ount|y96B> ^ 

have residedtwenty years and upwards anong tb^ ^üßöMf '^ 

clai:« theirico^victioii that> '^ in many cases thena was aa 4^^ 

tion whatever." Relative to the subjeotj, I canaot o»i,t ^*>#^ 

thfi follbwing strikiog passag^ of Sdij^tou^ wbi^h WQ^ ^^ 


t|ie oomtamaOf tlmt wkaterar daah^ m9j «rifl^j w |o die esftettee , 
of tbe «it in ntodfim tiniff > thf^re js «l9ip|i|p t9B0SnU) tn^^iofle k 
w«i vecxjgniied in Ae dnys o£ ol4;-^'' Th^ «ra «I Teaommii m 
tlie poisan of a «erptnl; ; even lik^ tli6 49if 4Ubr ^uil ttoppeih hte ' 
efocSi ndiicb refuwth'^ l^aar th^.voioe <^ ibe diamler^'cfaarm h^ 
neror 80 wisely/'^^-^Psnlai Iviü« 4. '' F^r tehpld I'will iend mt» 
pent^ cortutricwt among j(fa, whioh will B<»t be tibmnaaiAJ'*^ 
Jezem« vüL 17« * 

Previous t9 tbis maiir'f departuze« be c^hjWtcd, at ths pEuticiikr 
xequ^of Mr- DenniflEm, tbeppw^ hepg«M(«adf>v«r tbenptilBS« 
li)r makiiig ibem " dance/' as he eiqpiefised it He fifst' aeated 
binudf on ^e groond^ in famt ef tibe bafteia oontaintag lifae fem 
pent8> and began to l^y bia p^ AftüT a ftw lAiiinin^ he 
akrvlj^ and witb great oantion^ nqnüved ibe Udi cf thebaaketf, 
wben the sefpentSj attracte^ by fhe qmfi«» ^wtuft ohier^ed to oecp' 
out; hatiSbey feeined(tbe eap^aa in piiticula^ nuMt ndiacft; 
to be angiy, than to danoe; and en i»ng atieMü^ad b^'^e j«g« 
glerj wbotnpyed tfaem about with a pm^» ifaef afsvffled ä dueatM^ 
eaing poituze. Tbenuinhqpt paar ibem/ 8liUt»]e7ing>todf^^ 
bis feet togetbsr at theaametiniei prodidmC e oeoApcalndof HanOr 
fioiuid«^ wbibh seemed ta atopify tbeiieipeiil§;«^he7a^ 
-i-dbeir eyei giaw dimi-^-andin ibe aMenpi te biflanee'liiaiiiaelt^' 
exbibited ftbe afpeaniiiea of ^ci^g. He th6a coM^d tbe* 
badcets^ and having secuxed tbem hy fiistenings^. bücUed theoi 
round 2us person^ and made hii &iewell \ai0m, «toeoiiiag ene 
nipee and a half for bis paixM. 

The pdnc^al aooice. of gratification datired bf ibe Buiopean 
tmftäer, cm bia aojpura in a ccruntry ^Si$gß in HäideaBtan, ig' 
tbe diveraily of new aad attnotive objeetkr ^vUch ate eonti-' 
noalty |^«aente4.toTiew in bia efeamam tbMigb dieiiei|pibaiir«' 
ii^ h a mle U. . Tho tcutb of thia wen ney^ IK^P* aune fbdijr 
devfliepad lo tbe mind of ibe tra^eUer, tl^n on üüb fdOeimg' 
oocasion. Ift waa abfiat tbe bour of l^ifTflTeer ene» Wbenlire Honhd : 
ounelvi^in tbe midst d a fiwest« on eor Murft te HanSitaJlih^ 
ücm tbooting. Suddenly tbere app^avad im fttfnt'of uf a berf ef^ 
eiepbao1a> about fi% in n^ia^berj beudea amtiß tad dxöwfdarwn ;'. 
thej were proea^ding -^ join «ome of tb^r Compvxfs "uihiatpf 
ragiments; bavi«g baUed in a plain of ' tbe fidnai; intem 
apenad wilb I<^ tseei^ <t|i« bigjber laa^ of wbiA wtoa of a(n»f 

N 2 gaW 


gufar «xtension^ «nd fbrxned a <K)m^ete shdter from tle suiff 

ifkys. Some of tbe elephants were of an enormous nzey appareatly 

nearly twice as large as sucb as I have seen exliibited in England. 

They appeared perfectly tame^ sufienng xne to approach close to 

l(hem, while tliey were occupied in bel^nng tbemaelves with thdr 

trunks to the leaves of trees^ furmshed by their keqsen. The 

appearance of so many of these colossal aninals^ feeding tliemseheS; 

and tossing immense bougbs in the air with tbeir Irage tronb; 

was a süperb spectacle. Some were on the gronnd^ appsientiy 

dozing — others^ busily engaged in cooling themselves, hy spirting 

water througb tbeir trutiks over tbeir bodies^ — hi fondHi^ one 

another^ or beating off tbe fbes with tbeir proboscis^ or mtb tite 

flaps of their ears ; wbile the natives^ seated in tbe shade^ weif 

eating tbeir bomely meal of curry and riee, served up on tbe 

broad leaf of the piantain tree. The bright glare of tbe atmt»- 

phere; — ^the wild grandeur displayed in the surrounSng' land- 

iÄapc;— the novel group of men and animals before me, altopflicr 

oonveyed'to my mind such an enviable Sensation of deliglit, ^^^ 

J redined for two hours on the threshold of an Iiiiian Iwt, 

which was in the midst of them : the sun now disappeamg in 

tbe west^ the travellers prepared tbeir cbafttels^Tottsed tbeir Iwrts, 

and mounting tbem^ pursued tbeir joumey towards the la^ 

Toad which' leads to Benares j and in another hour^ were oot d 


After lemaining at Handitollah for tbe Space of tbree matAh 
we commenced onr joumey towards Mr. Riago's iridigo fiich«7> 
ffltuated twenty miles inland^ near the native viUage of Haugbeul- 
haut. • At the distance of seven miles from Handitollah, dwdt i 
iHTotber of Mr. Dennison, who kindly favoured us witb tbe low 
of bis elepbant^ Wbich was sufficient^ with the one we bad, to 
convey our party in the following order:-^Mr. Dennistm ^ 
horseback; Riago and bis wife on one elephant, and Vvp^ 
and my seif on the other. Early in tbe moming we diifiW « 
ladder placed on tbe side of the elepbant (who was madc to crouch 
ön its knees with the utmost mildness, whenever we memntea«f 
cUsmounted), and 'soon found oursekes seated in a ki»» ^ 
double chair, or '' howdab/' firmly fastened on <&e vtaa^*^ 
bftci. Thenatiye who conducted us Was seat«d astridc on tw 

neck, armed with a sbarp-pointed rod of steel, witb whi^i i»c 



^cdded the boaart>. ky stnking.the sharpendinta theciown« or aidet 
o£ tbe hßad, «ccordiQg to the dizeetdon ia which he wished him to 
l^rooeed. Tke head was oompletely scaiified^: fronL the severitT- 
4)£ this infliotioii ;- but the anisoal did not appear to suffer so much 
pain asthe spectator.would be led to imagine, from the appearanoe 
of the wounds« The hidder by which we aaeended was afterwards 
sospended from the crupper. We jouzneyed on through a flat but 
delightful country ; the anitoated pro^pect o£ the kndacape aiound 
418 reoeiviBg its liehest hue firom the «^earlj green Uades of paddy, 
w», iadigo^ aod waving stalks of the 8ugar-<»iiej whieh were scat- 
texed ia patches, amid forests« oqppioes» and livulets. Of all con- 
.veyaiBOf»^ that of the elephant ia most diaagreeable and uneasy ; 
for the animaldoes not>. like other quadrupeds, advaaoe together 
4k near. leg waiipS leg, but the two legs of one side^ So intoler- 
^ble indeed dld the joläng prove« as nearly to deprive ua of 
Jweath^ and gkd I. was, after having made six or seyen miles pro- 
^ffffssBg iß halt at a village, and desoend the ladder^ to enjoy the 
iuxury of a few minutes respite. Qn these ocoasioHs it. was 
jxkj deli|^t ta purchase . some cocoa-nuts for the.elephant> who 
would extend bis proboads^ and ^receive them. ficom me widi 
every^ token of gratitude which he was capable of devising : he ' 
intEoduced them into- bis jaws> and cracked them one by one^ 
ibr the saice of the milk^ df which he seened immodecattfy fand. 
When he had emptied thent all, he would resort to ereiy spedes 
-oi eatxeaty, in dumb eloquenoe, to obtain more ;— rextending bis 
proboscis. towards me, and eyeing me with a wignifieant and ten«- 
der persuasiveoeas, $0: inesistible, that I indulged him> wiih. a 
.stmilar tieat at every yiUage where we halted« Thia elep^iant 
«travelled at the rate of five miles an hoiur; but in casfi of flight 
.(K pursuit, the progress of these animals is rema^kaUy quick, 
consMcring theur enormous bulk ; so swift indeed,. render 
it extvemely axduoos for Indiana even, who are exoeedingly good 
ninners, either. to oicertak6 them,, or to escapa ficom them in 
«n <^^ üeiß» JV)r the .first twenty mkä wo .tiawell^d 4sb the' 
Jdgb rpad : we the^ directed pur epui^ t^ tbe .soiudij^ ove« a 
-blei^k t9»9t o£ las4» where traces of the Ivuinls of thei-fox and 
jackfl# weise ahme pei^ceptible* After travelüng a few*. miles, 
a verdant.couati^ of bjll and datej intenected .with. rivuleta» 

N 3 opened 

«iid BAgadty in «rottnng tfaeM rivuleli: U wtt th«t«fore ndt uiw 
lil we appfoached a vfÜB fiv«^ ihe baidtt of which wer» meep 
and filippeff^ t^t I b^caioe appreliMisivd for our lafetf . Tlie 
'' how^j^^" in which yn w«te fleftled^ I len^v watf wdl ad> 
cmed; but I wag feafM fhe pottdetous bdast wDuld rollorer, 
in desecmding the alarmbigly «tedp bankHj and cnuth ns te deatb* 
He iqiproached the hank^ and mada a halt, surveying it> lik» • 
consuiDmate ganeial whö ioiew perhctlf well whM he wm 
about: he then cautioudy advanoad> placi&g hia Hghl foot, and 
proboficuj on the d^olivity of the faankj to try itä fitttneiia«— 
then the oth« foot^ attd d^MeiMled dowly and wiih teotttUUe 
cantuin> nntil he reaohed the water, which he waded thvefO^ 
with infinite good-humout and ^isklnessj. as evincod hf Übtt 
cheerfiü OKytum of hia ttfohösci». In the nuddle of the liver ihe 
water besame so deep at nearly to oover his baek; and ao ec»^ 
tinued nntü he approaohed the qpposite ffide> the dtffidttl^ at* 
tendittg the aMent 6f whii&, he easily sunnoanted, evincing ihe 
aane oaution and tagaiAty aa before, while we were oU^ed la 
tidd ön, and faalanoe ourgalvas with great cate and attention* 

At length we approadied the viUage of Haughbaul-hant^ wUdk 
«preseQted to view a ooHection of native dwellings» aoAe of 
which indeed wete of pueka, or bri^k, but ihe genetality of 
earth, and thatohed with stiaw« The in^de of evevy Imme 
was divided into tezy dark ohamben, the iise of windowa beiag 
nnknown to the Hindoos. At two o'ck)ck, having xeaehed the 
end of our jouraey, we halted at a miserable bungalow, dtnated 
in iha centre of a bleak common, two miles distant &oni ihe 
vUIage ; and havibg dismounted, found the interlor of oor new 
■habitatvm as gloomy as its esterior. It contained a hsdl, beä- 
loom^ and verandah on a floor, süpported by cnizy posta and 
beams, raised ten feat from Ae ground, the only acoess tb it 
being by means of a ladder> so placed as to fhee the entraaoe to 
ihe hall» whfere a door ought to have been; bot whidi had 
long sinoa been blown away. The bedroom door had shaied &e 
aame fitte» The roof, which was a thatched one, we aooii Iboad 
«vaa not weadier*proof ; fbr, to onr chagnn, a atenn of wind 
$nd baä samo on with sueb viol0n6e> as to shake Übe wretdisd 


' nen ti the hftU^ end«afmred^. hut ia ihttn> to BVflid Ike &ry of ihe 
elements. Thüi unpleasant tennümtion to ma üapilewMit jontiflir 
did det in tbe least disoonpose ouräispotitbol t» enjo^r öursdLves : 
a haioper^ conteining a round of beef^ and olJier geod dieer> was, 
we W6re aware^ asMmg our ^' ttaia of voreablte;" tra kaew* to0> 
ihlit better aceommcKbtieii «soUÜ not be ptociKrad withüi^ fiftacb 
miles ; and ivbüe we "vi^e oonddering tfaeae mattera, ibe wtatber 
'«leared' up. We boga ^Imnged our olotbee, änd aeatingioiirtdr«« 
iftranH a table; spuead wkh exoeHeat o&«er, apent t2ie tenufindar 
flf tbe etenmg in good bümoor land hiiarity. 

'It wm boweter a matter cf mo teall diffieulty to ^tisoovar 
caeatis to accommodate ouradves fortbe nigbt. It ia lade, theve 
were tbrea bedstead^^ and good^beäs^ but only two zooma and a 
v^fi^ndab. To add to tbe difficulty^ Min. fiiago faad tbe adafoiv- 
tune to löse two lovety ebüdren^ in tbia mmt bungalow:. I3e 
was a great entbusiast^ perba^ i^tber adparstitioaa; certainlnw- 
eVer it it^tbai sbe attfibutad ibe deätb of bar liabea (who.'diad 
'auddsnly^ andneariy at tbe aame time) to tbe eifoat of fijgbt, 
arising fh)m tbe noctttrnid ^ipeamiiee of ' superäsrtumL visitdott. 
Of tbis öottviction abe fcoled not to infonum j wile> aec»in|nüi7XRg 
Iter atgumenta vMa. iin{»e6siva eiiergyy^--«nd ttating'taiiouB ii^ 
-atances in corrobbration of ber eontktjon^ 'wbäeb verfi sbon.odc»- 
trioned dbser debstes on lliä snbfect; and at langtii öandadad 
witb fbe two ladies becoiaiihg equali^ tainfieii. in tbia atata< of 
ibings^ tbe fbmal^ feit a dkfo^atioii tb be ie|ibnited ; and it 
^was atfengt^ annanged tbst tbey* shauid sleep tögetberin tbeboA- 
Tbbm ^«^Dennkon sb tbe* ba]l^«--aaid Piaga «md njsalf'.ai tbe ^a- 
tandidi^ ^bieb fa^d tbe »arllki and wbkb^ tmt for tba'«Dcf> wdoid 
bft^ been entiialy expoüf^d to 1^ air^ tbe aidea ban^ Ufen».' i 
laust bere^ ftxr reasons wbicii I sbidlkeiaaftei aaBaion^ beg Ifae 
Yeadet^ attention to tbe ^«Sae tituailtoa af itba «eandab/and of 
our bed in H. ^Elie Areran^ab was abaüt^fiflfceaa foat^]a■g^ and 
'si3t wH^ Out bed was fixed aear tha wall, aad^^betweealbe 
^rs of 'tbe two rooms ;*— tbe entrames^ 4ha> hafit beng" al ibe 
llead äf l3ie bed^ and tbat to 4(ba bedvoom^ Kt liie &6t IlieiacU- 
der hf wbicb we deacended to tbe ground^ ten feet^neatb us, 
faaed tbe ahtranoe to tb^ Jball^ and within six feet of 4ib.e bead 
af -aair bed. I have been tbua minute ia äescrihing tbe relativ^ 

N 4 situatia» 


situatibn of the apartments^ because I shall presendy bave 

sion to revert to it> in connexion with a drcumstanoe^ at oooe 

extraordinary and unaccountable. 

In addition to the amusement of shooting^ oor leisure was 
diversiiied bj hunting tbe tiger and wild boar. The former 
was less frequently to be found than the latt^r^ only two tigen 
baving been taken during our stay of three months« wbile five 
boars were killed, and one escaped. The danger of the üger- 
hnnt is not so imminent as may be imagined. The fint tiger 
we hunted lay conoealed, we were informed^ in a sugar-cane 
field five miles distant from us ; and the moment this inteHigence 
was received, the elephants were ordered to be acooutred, and 
we Started off with all possible haste ; Dennison> who was an 
experienced practitioner in the hontj being mounted on bis owa 
elephantj which had been trained to stand fire ; while Riago aad 
myself rode that which had conveyed niyself and Virginia 
from HanditoUflh: inside of the howdah were thräe maaketa 
loaded with baH^ a btace of pistols^ and two spears. As we pso- 
.ceeded on our nuirch> we enjoyed the novel and gratifying spec- 
tade of hundreds of natives leaving their respective huts» and 
running with considerable swiftness to join our party ; most ci 
them carried spears> and they all seemed to enter into liie 
spirit of the sport> with as much glee as the peasantxy of 
England are obsenred to manifest in a fox-chase. There was not 
a Single dog in our train ; and this may appear singular to thoae 
who have read so much of the boasted Utility of the Indiaa dogs 
in the tiger-hunt. That a superior breed of hounds> bred exr 
presdy for the purpose^ may exist in the upper provinces, I am 
not prepared to deny; but in the towns and villages of tbe 
fiouthem provinoes of Hindoostan^ the only dogs to be met with 
are a set of uselesi curs^ caUed " Pariahs*." finglish hounds, od 
their first arrival in the country^ are known to fetch at the auo- 
tion-rooms in Calcutta^ from eight hundred to twelye hundicd 
fSKcca rupees (from £lOO to £l50); but even ihese lose their 
prisdne qualities in a few months^ and beoome comparatively 
enervated and useless. The same tendency to d^enerate, is 


• M ParüJi," i« A general tenn of degradation ; any tibing bad, despkable» 
or worthless, is termed a Pariah. It is even applied to a low'cast of Hixk» 



.nmUe in ewtj Smcniplion. of Engliih cattle, particularly th« 
cow, wUch indeed, aA«r a short reaidence in the countij, itill 
not jield any milk. 

The conooune of a great multitude of natiTes near a nigai- 
cane field, at a »hört distance in our front, and the örcumatance 
of tomo youtlu bdng obserred to dimb the a^jacent cocoa-nut 
treef , intimated our near s^proach to the ipot vhtxt the tiger 
was. No gooner did the elephants get scent of the animal (w hidi 
their did at a great di«tance, their senaes being extremdj acute), 
than the one we rode ezhit^ted every symptota of uneaüneu, snort- 
ing, bellowing, atanding still, and eodeavouiing to retrace hia atepa : 
SenniaoB'a, on the contraij', maiched boldly forward, tniiling 
his trank in the air, and leemingly sennhle of what was going 
on i-r-while we were busied in pi^ariag the fire-amu, and en- 
(ounging the drivei ta accelerate our pn^ien, as we wen at a 
conndeiable diptance in thereai of Deonison- On leaching 
the Spot, we found that the tiger had secreted himielf in the 
Biidit of the lugar-cane field, and that it was only from one poiv 
Uculai ipot tiiat we could e^iy Mm. Fiom this spat we thought 
he was within ränge of our ball : he was stretched in a.coudiant- 
poiture, and we t^^iroached aa near as we oould, tß take e&ctiTe 
aim, having agreed, at apieconcerted signal, to fire together.. Tlie 
aignal was g^ven : we fired — a dead stUIness ensued— and we wete 
in the act of reloading, wben a loud and tenific loar announced to 
US the certainty of the tigec having been wounded. Dennison's 
elephant theo held bis trank erect, as well to pi^ierve it, as to 
prepaie for attack. It was ainguJar to observe the coolness and 
self-poesesüon manifegted bj the ponderoua beast during the fiie, 
and afterwaids; but thia waa. not the case with, oun — no sooner 
did the report of our muskoti stiike upcm his ear, than ba. oyinoed 
a deteimination to retieat ;. and the deep and hoUow lOftr lent 
fortfa by the tiger aAerwehadiired, caused our elephant to ti^mble 
exceedinj^jr, and to scamper anay fonn, the soene. of action 
amaringly fast, randi 
that of a tnuopet. 
mal placed my compe 
was with the utmost 
' were jolted about, t 


^Ibrce; and more tbati once trere weQ-nigh ejecteä mit of tÜe 
howdali upoh tlie depliant's back. It was not tmtil fae bad eon- 
▼eyed us a distance of two miles^ that liis progress cotild be ar- 
'rested saffidently to admit of our lookingback on our jparty, 'wliicb 
we no sooner did^ than We observed Dennisoü and tbe natives in 
pcrrsuit of the 1%er, who bad fled from }ns letreat^ and was ob- 
served to be parsuing bis coarse Qver a ^\viia, and makmg fbr a 
tbick jungle, or wood^ at tbe distance öf a mile and a b^ in bis 
fnmt. The appearance of tbe animal^ as be looked back on bis 
puTsners^ lasbing bis sides witb bis tail^ and exbibiting exoessive 
esidtenient^ was beantiftil in tbe eictreme, and made us doublj 
vexed at out excbision from tbe pleasure of tbe Sport. In vain 
we exborted our guide to urge tbe cowatdiy animal back: 
turn be certainly did, and^ hy tbe intensity of bis gase, seem- 
ed to take as mucb mterest in tbe q)ectacle^ as oürselv^; bnt not 
a Step would be move towards tbe scene of action. Seeing 
tbis^ and finding it difficult to restrain our axdoar^ we dis- 
mounted^ and ran on foot^ eacb armed witb a musket^ until we 
reacbed tbeparty^ wbo bad formed tbemselves round a sbed in tbe 
jungle, in a daik comer of whidi tbe tiger Isy. On onr ani- 
' val^ Dennison directed bis guide to make tbe elepbant croncb^ and 
to fix tbe ladder for us to mount ; and we ^n found ooiselves 
securely placed witb bim in bis bowdab^ wbieb was large enoa^ 
to accommodate us witb perfect convenienee. 

Various ineffectual attempts were tben made to rouse tbe tiger 
fh>m bis retreat; the natives^ from tbe tops of trees^ keeping up 
a constant fire in bis rear^ and our elepbant belng stationed in 
bis fronte to cut off bis retreat^ wbile a terrific bowl occasionallj 
intimated Ms reeeption of some galling woünd. Immediatelj 
after one of tbese piercing bowls^ tbe animaPs trage seemed to 
be tüused to desperation ; roaring dreadfuUy^ bis eyes AmAing 
fire^ and Ms daws extended^ be bounded witbin ten ftet of our 
elepbant^ wbo kept bis trunk erect^ and in tbis posture die two 
animals gazed open-moutbed at eacb otber^ for tbe Space of a 
minute^ eacb watcbing tbe morement of tbe btber witb tbe 
ntmost attention. At tbis juncture we lired; the elephant al 
tbe same instant darting forward^ aimed a desperate blow witb 
bis trunk at tbe tiger^ wbö was just in the act of sprin^ng 
«t us^ and felled bim to tbe eartb ; our allj tben, witb Sin- 


güisu Aextmty, and in % fpaoe of tSme acaroely credäiLe^ BfMi 
bisn Vi'pj and cruahed hun under foot^ fbrcing liis entndls 
tlirougK the wounds : the natives now advanced, and plünged 
innumerabk spears down the beast's tliroat^ and tbrough his Body. 
The appalling Toars and heart-rending cries of the animal wen 
sach, äs to exdte our pity^ notwithstandmg his natural ferocity, 
änd enmity to man. In a few minutes he hy motionkss, the 
natives glutüitg their fuiy by plunging spears thiough and through 
his body long after he was dead« and at the same thne^ uttering, 
with a savB^ness scareely human, loud groans and yells ; as for 
öurselves> we were content with cutting a lock off his whiskenr, 
by way of tiophy t we then retumed home. And heze I cannot 
withhold the expression of my admiration at the instinctive caution 
which the elephant evinced in the preservation of his tmnk; at 
the Singular dexterity, prepision, and invindble power of his at* 
tack ; and at the consummate coolness^sagacity, ooniage, and self- 
possession displayed by him thxoughout. Evezy indivldual of 
the species is nature's wonder ! the ease witji which he proridea 
for aU his wants, by means of that most surprising and useful 
taember, his probosds, assisted by his forefeet, is very remarkible S 
but, that in which he far surpasses every animal, the dog per« 
baps exc^^ted, is his wonderfiil instinct, which it is difficult to 
diatingttish, in many instances, from reason. Yet how patient 
and docOe! how subservient and attacfaed he is to man! 
fie is even tanght to gambol, or, as it is styled, to '^ danoe/' 
and is often aeen to do so at an Hindoo fair. So caieful is he of 
human life on those occanons, and so tender towards little chil- 
dren, that he will avoid treading on thexü in a crowd, with asto^ ^ 
nishing care and dexterity. His ire is seldom roused without great 
inovocation. The withholdingof hisfoodisknown to pl!oduoe that 
effect : when onoe roused, he is tenible, and his anger is sometimes 
^ttended with fatal eSeets. He is, however, soon appeased, and & 
ftequently observed to shew signs ci contrition. By some writen 
he is represented as malidous, spitefol, vindictive, and crueL 
This I häve heard fisputed; althöugh bis keen sensilnlity of bad 
treatment, is admitted. fie is susceptiUe of afiecdönate emo« 
tions; he is frequently seen to cry, and has been known to lay 
down bis life ibr his keeper« 

Onrsecond t^ hunt was only dinHhnihir to tretest in Aed«^ 




eumstanee of the animal baving eluded our pursuit until ni^t-fUI, 
wbich compelled us to leave tHe field. The foUowing mgBemng 
weresumed the hunt, and traced the tiger by the.- madbi of bis 
feet to a tbick jungle^ five miles to tbe soutb^ wbexe be wag taken 
and killed nearly in tbe same manner witb tbe fint. 

Hunting tbe wild boar is attended witb consideraUy aiotB peril 
tban tbe tiger bunt; tbe boar is bunted on borseback: so fiexoe* 
is tbis creature, tbat it is frequently known to cbaige- the huato» 
men> and to rip open theborses' cbests^ and witb determineilao- 
city, kUling^ or incurably wounding^ all wbo oppoae lum« 
Dennison, in one of tbese cbarges^ bad liis boot xippedup fipona ibe 
ande to tbe knee^ as neatly as if it bad been cut by a penlmife ; 
and^ bad be been a few inches nearer tbe animal> would 
bave received serious injury. His tusks^ wbich aie shaip^ aad 
pointed at tbe end^ are bis weapons of attack: in his 
vours to elude pursuit^ be often evinces conaiderable 
be runs witb tbe fleetness of a borse at füll gallop ; and it is 
markable^ tbat i^ tbe pursuit, or charge of any object, he oever 
deviates from tbe straiglit line : I once saw a native wbo was sucU 
denly surprised by tbe boar, lift up bis leg very adroitly,.and esc^p» 
unburt ; tbe boar passing under it, witbout stopping or tunüng^ 
and pursuing bis way to attack anotber. On tbe wbole> tbe wild 
boar bunt is fuU of exdtement and interest, and> next to the; tiger 
bunt, is accounted tbe most agreeable of Indian field Sports.. 

The reader ere tbis, may possibly bave come to tbe oondusiim 
I was one of those bappy sons of earth, wbo by experience kaow 
tbe value of disinterested friendship ; and indeed up to tbis period 
l tbought myself in possession of tbe treasure : but, alas 1 disim» 
tßrested friendship is rarely to be met witb. Mr. Denniaon was 
a character, of whom my youth and unsuspicious natore had 
formed but a very erroneous conception. Generous be cectainly was,. 
and convivial ; but bis passions were ungovemable, andbe tbought 
notbing treacberous or cruel wbich afforded bim tbe meansof grati- 
fying them. Posseased of power and riches, be would abuse tbe 
one and lavisb the other in tbe attainment of any favoozite ob- 
ject, bowever unhaUowed; and if tbat object bappened to. be a 
beautiful woman, the necesdty of sacnficing a. fellow-creature» 
her natural protector, was no obstade in bis way. A circumstanoe 
tfiat took {)lace, twelve montbi j^evious to the commencement of 




oor intimacy> may perliaps give the reafler a better iimght inta' 
bis diaiacter, thaa anj comments of mine. 

Tbe iBamage-procesBion of a poor but respectable Brab-' 
maxk, wbich was intended to celebrate tbe consammation*^ 
was to pass tbrougb a village near Handitollab. The distin* 
guisbed beauty of tbe bride bad become known in tbe adjoining 
V towns and villages^ and^ at tbe appointed day^ tbousands of natives^ 
attraeted by liiis cireumstance^ assembled to witness tbe ptocession : 
amoiig Item was Dennison^ mounted on an elegant and valuable 
bunter^ named Tippoo. He joined tbe procession^ wbicb was 
foQowed by a vast conoourse of people ; but no sooner did be be- 
bold tbe xesplendent beauty of tbe bride^ tban bb beart was 
lired (to use bis own expression) witb' an irresistible impulse to 
gain immediate possession of ber. He guided bis borse dose to 
tbe palanquin in wbicb tbe beautifiil girl^ ornamented witb 
a profiision of precious stones^ and golden trinkets^ many pf tbem 
borrowed for tbe occasion^ was seated ; and seizing ber witb tbe 
quidmess of ligbtmng round tbe waist^ and pladng ber before 
bim^ be plünged bis spurs violently into tbe sides of bis steed^ and 
was out of sigbt almost beföre tbe astonisbed crowd were sen* 
sible of tbeir loss. Pursuit was instantly made^ but in vain ; be 
fled witb bis Tictim to Calcutta^ and^ concealed tbere^ enjoyed tbe 
fruit of wbidi be bad so fordbly got possession^ Tbe evil did not 
bowerer end bere : tbe people assembled in multitudes round bis 
böiise^ and if bis 'motber^ wbo was very ridi^ and derotedly at* 
tadied to ber son, bad not appeased tbe wratb of tbe people^ 
by paying some tbousands of rupe^s^ be would bave fallen a yic- 
tim^ eitber to tbeir vengeanoe^ or to tbe laws of tbe country. As 
the Sabine women soon became reconciled to tbeir Roman ravisbers^ 
80 tiiis lovely girl^ after tbe lapse of a few weeks^ became de votedly 
attached to Dennison. 

Witb respeet to Riago> be bad all tbe passions of Dennison^ 
but wanted equal wealth to carry bis designs into execution r 
be bad, bowever, identified bis interests witb tbose of bis friend; 
and I verily believe, would bave williiigly joined bim, to use the 
language of Iago> in— - 

^« Wbst bloody woik soe'er.*' 

' One day, Dennison and myself were taking a walk, and, as 
we approacbed a large tank, or pond, wbicb was shaded witb 

• Vide psge 145 snd 146. 


t)uc)c ^ttagle^ and onunaenteA bj « numher d w3d peacpclw,^ 
who flcreamed their barsb notc^, and took^ to tbe wiiig, as we' 
appeaied, he said to me*-'' Naufragus, I have far sopie dli^ 
pait been ttinlring of a scheine, wliich wiil^ if I mi^take ;Qi(i>tj affiird 
7oa> and indeed all thzee of ms, a fair prosped i^ mulnng 
a speedy fortiine : it is. this:— «-I intend to aet up a ohareoal tiia- 
nu£ictozy> in a glen of the intexior, bordering on a liver oom- 
miinicathig with the Hooghlj. The interest I haye iivith the 
mint-master, and ahipHowners in Calcutta, will enaUe me to 
iiUR^re a conttact for its sale, which wJl jield a profit of fleren 
or eight thousand per cent. I have, you mu&t be sei^äUle, Nim« 
fkagnfl^ a fiiendship for you, as also for Virgiiiia; and Will 
zeadily admit you, as a thixd partner, in the couQäni« You and 
Riago, therefore, can go nezt week, and choose an eli^le Spot to 
build a bungalow upon £br our acoommodation ; wliüe I zemaiD 
here, to protect the fbmales." The plan appeared to me bo good, 
and its ezecution so easy, that I was over^oyed at the idto; and cn 
our walk honxe, we eontinued calculating the psofits, until ima^ 
nation had plaoed pancely fortunes in our hands. The toOawbig^ 
day,. we agreed to hunt the boar. On retumiiiig home, my nwA 
£3Ied with pleasing antidpations, my astonidiment wair extreme 
to find my wife in deep affliction« No sooner was* I by her aide, 
than she led me to the adjoining room, and spcke to Ük» foUow- 
ing efiect-— '^ Bejoiced am I to see you alive, Naufiaguai^-I' 
weep, through fear of your safety— nothing moxe/ but if yoor 
regard &r me is really sincere, prove it, by oon^pljring with my 
rennest. Leave this horrid place immediately, aad letum to 
Cfaandemagore. Belle ve me^ we are not safe here; we are 
on the blink of destruction, and in the hands, I haye zeastm tO 
think, of murderers !"— ** How so ?"— '* That, I wffl tcD yaa 
hereafter," said she ; " first set my heart at rest*— give itte your 
pzomise to retum to-morrow."-*'' You are unrejasonaUe," I te- 
plied ; '^ this is some silly whim pf yours. Is it beoaiise yo« aee 
me happy among cheerful and hospitable friends, that you wiah 
me to retum ? Do you grudge me the few houts of social en- 
joyment, almost the first that chance has thrown i^ our ynj/ 
sinoe our marriage ? or, would you blast the golden hanrest that 
awaits us? But you know not what is in ooptemplation ; 
we are going &r into the interior, where there is a proousiag^ 



waxd it^^-ow^aUb whide will affi)id lu the iiie«iifl of pasnog ütß. 
suxnmer of otu: ezistence luqy^y U>gsthiex, dther in jour natiT^^ 
land, ox in Europe." 

" Yo}ii happiness and welfai^ are mine^ Naufiragos ; can 1 4» 
otherwise tban deiixe hoth^ as ihsy aie botk interwoven witb mj 
own? Do notfluppose tlu9, nor dUregazd 017 oounsel: at leaatj 
hear my reasoM* Tfais moniing, preTioui to Mr. I)enm8(m'a watt; 
witL jovi, I overhoaid a convca»ation between bim and Bi%g^. Jt^ 
abnost petrified me. Dennison naid be would get jou out of tb« 
W9j,> aiKd poffless me, if be perished in tbe attempt; and ttie 
villain Biago encoaxaged bim todofioT Tbis int^gence surn 
pEised me; but witb tbe view to padify ber, I rq^lied, that^ 
I tbougbt «be migbt be mistalfcgn» but tbat I oertainlf would con« 

We dined as usual at five. My tbougbts busied on varioui^ 
subjects^ I spoke but little ; wbile Denniaon and Biago- wece in doep 
dificourse by tbem^elves. After tea» boweTqiv we conversed oa 
tbe golden prospects be&re us» until teiv wben tfae laues retired 
te bed^ leaving me and mj two companions tggetber. In a few 
minutes, I too retiied; and on reacbiiig tbe verandaTi, obaerved 
tbat tbe fuU moon bad risen, and was sbining witb a brilliancj ao 
luminous^ tbat by ita aid I could« witb pexfect oon^enienoe, bav9 
re^ tbe saalleat pi^int I tbrew myself pn tbe bed, and was in 
t]be act.of commending myself to tbe pare and protection of tbaf 
Providence wbicb bad never yet forsaken me^ wben^ as I knelt, 
witb my face to tbe east, I bebeld a figure approacbing, wbicb I 
naturally oonduded tö be no otber tban ray bed-ftUow, Biago« 
Wby I was averse to being seen in tbe posture of prayer/ 1 lenri 
otbers better versed in buman nature tban myself to determine^ 
certain it isj I np sooner obsenred tbe figurej tban I cvoucbei 
down^ gradnally^ until I lay on my back, in tbe boj^ of baying 
escaped Observation, and in momentary expectation of Riago'a 
appearance. Tbe figure approacbed : still suj^singit to be Biagiv 
I did not then look at ii attentively, but lifted tbe eurtains/ 
wbicb were of wbite ganze, so fine as scarcely to be perceptiU^ 
for Biago to come in. Tbe figure paused for tbe ^^ace of aboui. 
a seeond, and, to my astonisbne&t, px)oeed6d onwazd towards tike 
tennination öf tbe verandab^.wbence tbere was no outlet. Ama- 


lieäi, Inow lookect istedfastlj at it^ wbeti^ for a momeni üt two, it 
appearedto be stationaiy, at the distance of about siz paces from 
me/presenting the appearance of a person not unlike in Statute to 
Riago, but äo peculiarly enveloped in^ apparently, tbe folds of a 
Hgbt-coloured mantle^ as to render it impossible for me to distin- 
guisb its features t it immediately disappeared^ or> rather> vaniahed 
ftoim tay fixed gäze. My agitation was excessive ; I instantly 
bounded off tbe bed^ and entered tbe ball^ wbere I found Denni- 
8on and Riago> still con^^ersing, as wben I lef^ tbem. No aooner 
did I communicate wbat I bad observed^ tban tbey botb e^inoed 
eyident signs of perturbation^ and we all tbree walked into the 
verandab. Tbe ladies^ wbo bad overbeard our discourse^ speedily 
attifed tbemselves^ and came into tbe ball, wbere we all sat up 
during tbe night, rivetted to our seats hy an inconceiTable diead, 
against wbicb neitber tbe iron nerves of Dennison nor of Riago 
were proof. 

Tbe question wbicb naturally arises is, wbat could tbis phen<H 
menon be P Tbe answer, I cannot pretend to fumish ; but^ con- 
tent witb baving stated tbe fact, I leave tbe reader to fozto bis 
own conclusions on tbe subject, ohly observing, as £ar as regaids 
myself, that I have never been eitber credulous or superstitious. * 
That I actually saw tbe figure, is certain : it is equaUj oertain, 
that I saw it vanish ; neitber deception from without, nor imagi« 
nation worldng witbin, could have produced tbe eflfect^. N& li«h- 
man being, except ourselves, was then at tbe bungalow, nor fttt 

• Tfais at leaat ü my ownimpression ; but a fHend of mine, who is niher 

ticalonüiesubjectof ghosts and appAiitioiM, as uttedy izreconcilable with the 

tfaeoiy of Vision, which, from the facta upon which it is built, teaches tliat it is 

from mateiial objects alone that rays can be reflected ; and that it is fhose zsys onlj 

which impinge upon the retina that can pioduce vision, and thiiiks that tiie h»- 

torjr of the im ag in a t ion would supply many instances snperior to tbis of the power 

ofthatÜEMnilty. He does not, however, assert, that no spiiit was evermade Yisi- 

ble to the human eye, ihinking that every person who beüeyes the Sexiptaies 

must admit that ha ; but is of opinion, that, in every instance neoided tliae, 

Ü&e effept was produced by miiade. But he adda-^resort to mirade wiU solve asy 

diffieulty : and, with reference to this particukr instance, asks, wbat good the«ppft- 

fitiön performed ? He says, it did not warn, either by speech or by action, and 

tfainlu, that the object of its vtsit was left very obscuie, and that my infecoioe is 

pecessaiijy dxawn at xandom. Hefurther asks— if that inferencebeooRwt,wiij» 

instead of appearing to me, it did not appear to Dennison and Riago, who ml^t 

not have bäicved my Story, but must have bclieved th^ evidenceof thebown 



many weeks had bc^en there. Had the personage been Kaman/ 
we must faave detected him. In mentioiiiiig thisrourious fact^ and 
ascribing it toäupematuraiageiticy^ I am fully sensible of the ha-> 
zard of ridicule^ which^ in the present State of public opinion^ I 
am incuiring. But although I do not lay daim to the praise 
ivhich Doctor Johnson yields to an author for bis '^ magnanimity'* 
in lelatbig '^ a fact, ho^v^rer stränge, if he himsdf believes it>" I' 
am acting on the piindple that ereiy man should possess, at least 
that moral courage which simply takes its stand on a fact> without^ 
eidier drawing* from it any general inferenoe, or placing it in' 
direct Opposition to the speeulative opinion of another*. 

The immediate comsequetice of this adventuie, was to hadten 
öur departure. ' On the fi)llowing day, we readied Handitollah in 
safety ; bat. the difficuMes which I had to encounter, in order to 
avoid the'snares laid by Dennison^ to deterus from proceeding to 
Chanderndgoie> were numerous, and well nigh amounted to posi« 
tive fbrce. - Frivolous excuses and pretences were resorted to, and 
he evencalled to bis assistance some professors of the black art.' 
On one occasion we disoovered the magidan inonr bed-room, mut*^ 
tering bis mantras over the head of our bed ; at another time we 
found, under its foot, a :8mall' earthemware cistem, containing' 
sundry magicalspells. '^Säll/however^Bennisoncontinued toavow 
the most exalted fxiendship for me. At length, finding it imprac- • 
ticable to leave Mm with bis own consent, and being unwüling 
to incttr the oonseqtiences of bis tiiigovemable passlons, we secret- 
ly bired boats, and efFected our escape, having left two notes,— - 
one for him, the other for Biago, to apprize them of the motives 
which had aetuated us. After a voyage of thirty-six hours, we 

. . O reachcd- 

• * I afl^ecwaids oonvened with Kiriien DtMs,<m the subt^ of tfaU unacoötmt-. 
able appeantnce. He infonn^ me, that he was led to understand, £roin tnany 
intelligent peisons of Ms Cast, that the fact of apparitions having, m förmer ' 
times, made their appeaiaoee, was imdisputed ; that midi' appearanoes, indeed,' 
were then.ifeipient ; but diat, of late yearti and especiaQy since Euiopeazir had ■ 
settled in the oountry. Such phenomena were unknown, at least within thor do- 
minions-)-, for tb^, in the dark and unfrequented parts of the interior, beyond 
the limitB of 'Emopean sway, they were stiM not unocimnon.-fc^<' But of ihis,^ Ire ' 
added) '' I-know notbiog ; I do not speak from ezpetience ; I mertfy giVe the 
xeceiyed opinion on the subject. As for the low and ignorant^.they'belioire any 
thing, faoweVer absurd, relative to supematural agency." ' ' 

+ Myscqitical friend says— " And no wonder ; thcse oriental spiritsvanish 
betöre »the light of European phüosophy/' 


X9mil9ä: ovix ftv^mte cottage^ at Chandemagoce^ in Ba&^, haippy 
to S^i ouTselves once moie under its hiimble soof^ and gratefol to 
' PrQvid«n0e for protecting us amidst tbe penls which. we had en^ 
GOiuitered since our absence fi»m it. 

In addition to the society of mj respected friend, the Brahinan, 
Kishea Jkm, who contmued bis visits as regularly as fnmierlj, I 
now €i\)oy:ed that of my facetious Madras acquamtance« Captain 
HarcQurt' We casually met as we were enjoying tbe luxiuy of 
an evemog's walk on tbe baxika of tbe Hoogbly. I found he had 
mai^ied^ a yoimg Portugueae lady, and intended to npend tbe 
remainder of bis days at Cbandemagore. He iatioduced me to a 
fnead of bi^ an imnabke jroutb» named K^s, wbo bad also been 
s^idken with tbe arrows of Cupid^ and lived witb die object of 
bis ^eotions^ a fine Hindoo gu:l> in a letired cottage^ a mile to 
1ib6 westward. In tbe sodety of tbese friends, many a deliglitfal 
bour was passed ; and tbere was a sunilarity in our tastes and 
dispdsilions wbicb daily strengtbened ibe bonds of our adbction. 
Qne evening^ as I was Walking witb tbem, Virginia being bosied 
in ^repanng tea> a person in a palanquin» atteaded by a luiiiie» 
rotts train of anned servants^ x>as8ed me— it was Bennuon. In 
my bosom ranconr bad never taken root ; ^ ai^d conoeiving that we 
bad Q,ow notbing to fear, eitber iroim bis wües or bis power, I 
asked bim to accompany \ib bome, and take some re&eahment. 
He waß emdßtiÜ^ anxious to dedine, but yislded to aolicitation, 
and retumed. On reacbing bome, I found Virginia seated ia 
tbe verandah, and closely a^nded by tbree femafe domestica of 
our cottage. Cbairs were banded, and we satdown, when Vir- 
ginia beckoned to me as sbe retired to an adjoining apartment. 
— *^ Will you," Said sbe, as soon as we were out of bearing, 
*^ promise me faitbfuUy not to notice wbat I am about to rdate?" 
— *' Yes, certainly."— « Paitbfxilly promise ?"— " Yes."— '' Tben," 
Said sbe, *^ scarcely bad you leflt me, wben I was surprised^ as I 
was seated in tbe verandab, by tbe abrupt entrance of Denidson, 
attended by^ stx armed men, tbree of wbom, witb tbeir swords 
drawn, ranged tbemselves on eacb side of me. Having seated 
bimself in a cbair by my side, be told me bo bad come ta take me 
away, as be could not possibly exist witbout me, and expressed a 
bope tbat I would not make it necessary for bim to use many en- 
treaties, as time was precious.— ^' Your busband,' said be, ' is poor ; 

I am 


r am ridi^ and both &ble and wüUng to settle a fortune upon 
you : I tvill be cosfitant to 70U alone for ever^ and love yoü mbst 
tenderly ; therefore permit me to band you into my palanquin. 
Do not mind your wardrobe— you will "find 'one in reiadiness for 
you at Calcutta. Nay^ do not hesitatis» but/ (taking bold of my 
ßxin, and enckcHng my waist at tfae same time) ' come witb me/ 
At tbi« instant^ tbe armed men gatfaered round^ and my tetror 
was so intense^ tbat Kad not tbe idea of your being momentärily 
e:q)ected^ su{>ported me^ I dionld bave sunk senseless to the eartb.' 
With tbe view of gaining time> I resorted to stratagem^ and re-' 
q^uested be would grant me a few moments to consider; to tbis 
he assented^ on tbe condition tbat in five minutes I sbould be pfe-* 
piared to grre bim my decisicm^ and at once piomise not to re-' 
veal what bad pasüed. In tbe mean time^ be would gö^ be ^ä, 
and prepare* äie boat for me; and anticipating a dedsion in bis 
favour^ cautioned me to be ready id five miitütes^ and depaHed." 

I beaird no more. My Indignation was no longer ünder con*- 
ttol^ my promifie was forgotten^ and^ regardless of consequences^ T 
rusbed into tbe verandab^ witb a determination to wttsk my 
yengeanoe upon tb&viUain on tbe spot But myästomshment 
and disappointment weire exttenle^ to find bis cbair empty^ and 
Harcourt and Kg^b vainly specuktabg as to tbe cause of bis abrupt 
departüre. H« baA> doubtless^ antidpated tbe purpcm: of out 
Conference : guilt bad disarmed bim of courage ; and faif once in 
bis Hfe, Dennison was disappöüitedof bis prey. 

Habit bad so fanüiiamed tue vrhh tbe comfbrts of my oottage^ 
and tbe sodety of my ftiends; tbat it would perbaps bav6 been 
well for me^ if I bad never left tbe confines of tbis sweet anä se*- 
clud6d babitatiDn.' I was content^ nay bappy ; until I found my 
finances were diunnisfaing to so lo^ an ebb^ as would soon coni- 
pel me to leave my favourite sddüsion^ to seek employment in tbe 
World. From my beart Would 1 lament tbe necessity^ in bitter 
terms. — '^ Ah," tbou^t I, *'bad I but a pakry tbirty pounds 
a-year Ibrlifb, my unambitious soul would rest gatisf^ed, and 1 
sliüuld be tbe bappiest of men : tbe years of man are but feW' — 
Oh tbat I could remain tbose föw years where I am^ üntü tbe 
earth shoüld' corer tbis restless frame ! Here we sbould k'nöw few 
cares^ and fewer wants — here we sbould be at least as bappy as 
we have been, and now are, and remain comparatively free from 

2 tbe 


tHe tjemptatiens and.misery attending us in active lifo— ^ere we 
eo^oj every rational luxury of human existence^ and at little or no 
expense ; our will is uncontrolled : we have health, and youtb, 
our garden, and our books^ especially the Bible, to call our reflec- 
tion to the past, the present, and the future State of man. But 
the more I reflect^ the more I lament the impossibilitj of ending 
my existence in these peaceful and happy shades." At length^ I 
cQnsidered that man is sentenced to labour for bis bread^ and not 
bom to a State of inactivity and idleness ; that whatever is, is best, 
and that a cheerful resignation to the Divine Wül is^ after all, 
the truest practical philosophy. 

As my funds diminished, my anxiety and restlessness increased 
in Proportion. In many instances^ I have remarked on. the Sin- 
gular aid I have received from some unexpected quarter^ when 
human assistance has been comparatively hopeless ; and I have 
now to record another. As I was one day brooding over my cir« 
cijmst^nces^ in a jstate bordering on despair^ a letter was put into 
my hands : it was an invitation from Endtfield to proceed imme- 
diately to the west coast of Sumatra^ where he had succeeded, be 
said^ in procuring me an eligible appointmeni under Goyemment, 
and at the same time^ expressing bis surprise that the receipt of 
bis former letters had not been acknowledged* (Tbey had evi* 
dently miscarried.) At this intelligence, I w^ agitated by oon- 
flicting feelings — joy and sorrow^ hope and gloom. If 1 pn>- 
ceeded thitber^ I should^ t found^ be obliged to sacrifioe all that 
was dear to me^ by leaving Virginia behind, and by dispoing at 
many articles I possessed^ more cherished indeed for memory's sake 
than for their intrinsic value. The latter therefore I did not so 
much mind ; but to part with her^ from whom I had not been 
separated since our union^ was almost more than I could endure. 

As no vessel was on the point of sailing to the west ooast, I 
was compelled to take my passage in a ship bound to Batavia, 
where opportunities of proceeding to Padang^ Mr. £ndtfield'8 resi- 
dence^ or to Bencoo^en^ I was informed^ occurred frequently. The 
day on which the vessel was to sail^ at length arrived : we bade 
adieu to our cottage^ not without many tears : Kishen Doss^ Har- 
courtj and Keys^ accompanied us to the boat^ and we waved our 
handkerchiefs until the winding of the Hooghly conoealed them 
from our view. Leaving Virginia under the care of an elderly 



häy, who kept a seminary in Calcutta^ I sailed for Batavia in 
search of adventures/ beginning, as it were, the world anew^ 
"with but thirty dollars in my pocket^ tlie entire remnant of my 
förmer fortune. * Here it will not^ I am persuaded^ be deemed by 
tbe reader improper, if I digress a Kttle from my narrative, in 
Order to say a few words relative to tbe Hindoos, on tbe occasion 
of my leaving tbeir sbores, after a sojoum tbere of so many of my 
youtbful days. 

The colour of tbe Hindoos is tawny, ligbter or darker accord- 

ing to tbe degree in whicb tbey are exposed to tbe sun. Painters, 

and otber artists wbose profession admits of tbeir working in tbe 

sbade, are of a ligbt copper bue, wbile palanqnin-bearers, boat- 

men, coolies (porters), or agriculturists, are nearly as black as 

Cafires ; but tbis is tbe only point of comparison : tbe bair of tbe 

Hindoo is long and glossy, and bis features are as well proportion- 

ed as tbose of tbe European, only smaller änd tbinner. Tbe dress 

of tbe Hindoo is simple in tbe extreme, being notbing more 

'flian aturban, and a'single piece of clotb, uncut, abouf tbree yards 

long and one in widtb, wbicb is wrapped round tbe loins, one end 

'passing between tbe tbigbs and fastened bebind, aüd tbe otber, 

'cast into folds, banging riegligently, but not ungraoefiilly, in front. 

'Batbing, tberefore, wbicb tbe lites of purity reqüire to be per- 

formed more tban once a-day, causes but little trouble'to tbe 

wearer of sucb a garment. ' Tbe Hindoo frequently wears golden 

ear-rings of various si^es, and slippers, wbicb, in addressing or sa- 

luting a superior, be casts off; indeed, to pass tbe tbresbold of a 

babitation, even bis own, witb slippers on, or witb any article of 

leatber about tbe person, would be considered on all bands an 

enormbus impropriety. In conversation, tbe Hindoos are fond of 

Tiyperbole, and fulsome adulation, frequently lauding one anotber, 

very gravely, face to face, far above tbeir gods ; but tbey ai^ ex- 

tremely patient and polite, scrupulously mindful not to contradict 

eacb otber, nor so mucb as even to open tbeir moutbs by way of 

intemiption ; nay, to smile, to cougb, or sneeze, wbile anotber is 

speaking, is deemed a bigb dereliction of good mannws. llieir 

opinion of Europeans is, I believe, far more fävourable tban it 

formerly was ; but notwitbstanding tbe advances we may bave of 

late made in tbeir good opinion, tbere are yet many and insuper- 

able obstacles to entire confidence, wbicb cannot so easily be oVer'- 

^ . o S come ; 



come; and until overeome^ tbej must look upon tt^ in msmt 
spects> with feelmgs of abhorrepce and dickst. In the fioit piaoe, 
tbey never can be brou^t to allow thai Euiapeana aiQ their sape- 
rioro in the 8cienoe9 and art»; and discoTom^ orinventions not 
their own^ they consider ean neither be good nor uaefiiL So g/^ 
neral 19 this prejudice, that even those of them who speak the 
Englisb tongue with fluency^ are rarely seen urith Eoxopeaabookf 
of scienoe in their hands, because they cannot comprdiend faow 
any work can contain an atom of Information which is not to be 
found in books of their own. They äo, however^ oonfeas oor supe- 
rierity in some respecta : in pa;rticular, they adnure the humanit/ 
with which we carry on war— the modex^tiw and impartiality 
with which we govem ; and acknowledge our good qualities of 
benevolence and liberality : but among the virtues> they are quid: 
in detecting the countervailing viees. so a3 to lose sight of tbese 
favouraUe impressions> and, on the whole> to view us in no other 
light than as a barbarous nation, They feel hideous diggimt aod 
horror on witnessing a European feeding on the flesh of a eow, 
the slaughter of jon^ being oonndeisd by them more appolHng than 
murder even, and to eat it, more detestaUe than feeding on a 
human carcass. Then again> they who . imaginp they have 000- 
tracted a stain, if b\Lt the ahadow of a Pariah passes athwart thesi, 
an4 must immediately wash^fiee Europeans admit 
bim into their domestic eervioe, and even keep women of thai 
vile tribe as servants, or in a more degraded capadty« The wife 
of the respectable Hindoo dares not sit down in bis preaenoe; nor 
has he ever known, or imagined, that persons of .the fismale sex, 
with the exception of common prostitutes, can " amble andcap».' 
What then must he think, when he beholds European womea 
laugh> play, and toy, shamelessly with the men, and eveo^ join 
th^n)., without bju^bing, in the dance ? He too, who would be 
consigned to the most degradii^ punishment for a Single «et of 
intemperanc&-*-who has been taught to view it as the moat in&- 
jnousof yjcess and the most debasing to human nature» -firequently 
sees Europeans in a shameless State of intoodeation, some of wLom 
indeed appear to consider drunkenness as a gallant feat. The 
dress also of Europeans is revolting to them ; it is in their eyes 
monstrous and disgusting, particulaxly boots and gloves^ leather, 
and the skios of animaläj being considered by them of so impure 

a nature. 


a«n8itiue> that they must waslb a£ter tduching them ; nor äo they 
undertUmd höw Eurqpeatis can wear^ or^even handle^ the skin of 
a benst; These pngudic« ma^ be natural ; bat however he»til}r 
thej tasy abHot or dende u8 in secret, they have always the cim« 
ning and address to nudee theiafldTes: äppear, in the eres of tbe 
£iir0peäii» «^ entetftaining^ far difierent feelings. It wouH pet" 
haps be illiberal^ if Bot unjust^ not to take £91: graateS the sin-» 
ceiity df l&eir profesBunts sometimed; and to «peak mdtvidüallyi I 
faavB nmch more to isay in their praiflc^ than to their pre^iidice. 
Many of them^ I can safely affirtit> pessess highly senaltive feelings ; 
and I ^all' never forget tbe ezpreasiün of benevölence wbioh beam- 
ed in tiie &atuie8 of Kishen Dobs^ en my telling bim that X had a 
^Eifther, a motheri brdthera^ and nsters ; bat that> iioin my i^ancy 
apwazdfi> I had been a sträager to them, and t6 the tendet tiea 
and endeannents of a faome ^-^^-tl&e expiession of hu eyb was indeed 
beautiful ! it beamed benerolenoe and sensibiHty, and bis coünle-* 
nance d.together bespdke the ^MÜngä of a gobd'and annable faeart ; 
but> independenüy of Kishen Doss, I never faffled'lo xeoeiiw ftom 
Hindoos of respectability, that ooarteoas, &licate attention, whid» 
ia^ so grtttifying to the feelings of ^ stranger rä a foreign bind, dnd 
whicb, as experieiiced by nie in India» did, and eyer will, isügsM 
me strongly in &vour of the peopk. 

The ooloor of the Hinddo women, Mke thät of the man, variea 
&am, the same caus^, such as aie not exposed to the sun being 
extremaiy fiur. They have long, beantiful, glossy hair, in general 
small buir psetty fe&tnxes, remarkably fine eyes, with xegolar teeth^ 
and ddicate yoluptuous lips. In stature they are smaU, bat their 
limbs are extremely well proportioned, and their walk djgnified; 
an erect mien, with a measured graceful step, apparently pro- 
ceeding from something inhärent in their nature, and seldom 
failing to impress the beholder with admiration and respect* 
Their di^s too, like that of the men, is of an entire pieice ; it i^ 
äboüt nlne or ten yards in length, and a yard broad. The Brah- 
man women wrap die end round the body two or thxee times» 
forming a tig^t petticoat, failing in ft(mt as low as the feet, while 
women of other Casts fasten the web differently, another pari of 
the cloth passing over tbe head« Shoulders, and jbreast. By inany 
aiitbotrs they are represetfted in a point of viewdBfierrait from l^b«l 
in which the Abbe Dubois speaks of them. He say»— '' The Hin- 

o 4 doo 


the tjemptatiens .and.misery.attending us in active life— 4ere we 
enjoy every rational luxury of human existence^ and at little or do 
expense ; pur will is uncontrolled : we have health^ and youth, 
our garden^ and our books^ especially the Bible^ to call our reflec- 
tion to the past^ the present, and the future State of man. Bat 
the more I reflect^ the more I lament the impossibilitj of ending 
my existence in these peacefiil and happy shades." At lengtb, I 
considered that man is sentenced to labour for his bread^ and not 
bom to a State of inactivity and idleness ; that whatever is, is best, 
and that a cheerful resignation to the Divine Wül is, after aD, 
the truest practical philosophy. 

As my funds diminished^ my anxiety and restlessness increasd 
in Proportion. In many instances, I have remarked on the Sin- 
gular aid I have received from some unexpected quarter, wben 
human assistance has been comparatively hopeless ; and I bare 
now to record another. As I was one day brooding over my cii- 
cumst^nces^ in a State bordering on despair, a letter was put into 
my hands : it was an invitation from Endtfield to proceed vdMt 
diately to the west coast of Sumatra, where he had succeeded,lie 
Said, in procuring me an eligible appointmenjb under GoyemmeDt* 
and at the same time, expressing his surprise that the receipt of 
his former letters had not been acknowledged. (They liad en« 
dently miscarried.) At this intelligence, I wjis agitated by coo- 
flicting feelings — joy and sorrow, hope and gloom. . If I pi'' 
ceeded thither, I should^ 1 found^ be obliged to sacrifioe all thft 
was dear to me, by leaving Virginia behind, and by dispoing^ 
many articles I possessed, more cherished indeed formemoiy'sssK 
than for their intrinsic value. The latter therefore I didnotso 
much mind ; but to part with her, from whom I had not bcea 
separated since our union, was almost more than I could endurc- 

As no vessel was on the point of sailing to the west ooast, 1 

was compelled to take my passage in a ship bound to Batavii» 

where opportunities of proceeding toPadang, Mr. Endtfield's resi- 

dence, or to Bencoojen, I was informed, occurred frequently. Tw 

day on which the vessel was to sail, at length arrived: we bade 

adieu to our cottage, not without many tears : JRjshen Doss, Har- 

court, and Keys, accompanied us to the boat, and we waved our 

handkerchiefs until the winding of the Hooghly concealed tbem 

from our view. Leaving Virginia under the care of an elderly 



CDüftider justifiabte^ consistently with llieiif impartial views öf 

policy^ and with the pledge by wliich tliey are bound not to in- 

terfere direclly with the leligious prejudices of the natives. If 

they have not entirely succeeded^ it is to the strength of those 

prejudices that the failure is mainly tp be attribated. Durin^ 

ihe ahort period of nine months^ I witnessed no less than three 

of tbese horrible sacrifioesj all of them having taken place within 

a few miles of Chandemagore. A description of one will give 

the reader an accurate idea of them «11 : but it may be proper 

first to inquire into the origin of this horrible rite^ and into the mo- 

tives which influenae the deladed victims in the Performance of it. 

■ Some authoTS have pronounced it to proceed &om a dread on 

the part of the husband^ that the discontented wife would seek 

oecasion to procure bis death ; bat this insinuation is now found 

to be misplaced. Nor is the act to be ascribed to afi^tion^ (al- 

though it invariably fotms t3ie ostensible pretext)^ but> on the 

one band, to the miserable condition of the widow Herself^ who 

is doomed to a State of üeHbacy^ and wretched dependenoe änd 

«mtramt during the «mamder of her life ; and to ranity in- 

spiring her with the hope of renown ; and, on the other, to the 

soHeitations: of relations, who well know that so splendid a death 

will redound to the everlastmg honour of the family. 

By beooming a Suttee, a woman is canoni^ed afker d^th; 
and Tows- are paid to her. After the' fire has consumed the body, 
the remnants of the bones are ooUected, and a pyzamid or mo« 
nument is erected over the spot, to tiansmit to posterity the me- 
mory of so ülustnoos a victim of conjugal attachment; and^ in- 
deed, when the ceremony is over, the woman who has submitted 
to this glorions death, is eonsLdered in the light of adeity. Crowds 
of votaiies daily visit her shrine, imploring her protection, and 
prapng for deliverance from " the ills of life." When once a 
.woman has declax«d gravely and deliberately, that she is desiroos 
tp be consumed alive by the side of the dead body öf her husband, 
she cannot retract. Here revocation would be disregazded; it 
being a prevaiHng superstition throughout all India, that if a 
•woman, after having taken her resolution, refuse to fulfil it, the 



of these papers, while it affords importaat instruction, must be distiessing to the 
fedings of every benevoleat mind. 


wbole CQUHtiy in wbich she lives would be yi^ted hy 
die&dful oahßmty. The Bisbititfui invazi&Hj pxeside^ and iure 
t0ry active at tlie ceremony ; but the Brahmafi wonfen hare hmg 
mßS diflcotitiiiued tlie practioe of Sutt^jr the fea^ale» of Rajaiu^ 
and of the. lower castes« being ils«ally Ihe Tid;ka8. 

It was äbout neoii^ on a miüry day, wken eorbraity p roni pted 
me t9 Ibllow a vast concous9& c^ SixtSMd, wbp Weve taldbg a 
wfistestlj dixection* I soon found tbat tbe olgect.of at ti acihm 
waA ft Sütteei and altbougb I had: befote witBeased two eshäi-* 
tk>ns of tbe kmd^ I detenained to prooeed» On teadiixig tibe 
i^pot, I obflQPved tbat tbe prepaiations wex!^ nearly ooitiplet6« The 
püe was raiaed iive feet ahove tbe groiwd> ibIo wUch aome harn-» 
boo stioks bad been dsiveü^ fef tbe putpocie et «l^parting the 
layers of diy &cewood. and otbe? combu^tiblea/ «jbebr ad Aeawi 
rösiiXi ghee or butt^r^ and pitcb. On tbe pile lay äbKftdhedT tbe 
eorpse of tbe deqeased Hindoo^ dressed aa wbed be was alive, vasä 
eovered witb a pseoe of white calieo. Hie ctowd was ifhmense; 
but in tx>mpliment to my nation^ the chokedais * Migjaaglf 
ckared a passage for Ute, and I bad a dislinct view of tbe winde 
eeyeaony. The Tictim wa^ in a palanquin, on the oppösifte aide 
of tbe pile, supported by bet friends ; her relations» wbo wen 
armed witb muskets, sabies» and otber weapcmsj guaxded tbe 
{ale; and numerous meii> bearing tum-tums, md oAer nöisy 
^iBtruments, wero Standing fovmd« £vea ihvts earijr, the im- 
preßsion on my mind, as I stood among tbe abettora of tfais 
volting cereHumy, was aw^l in the extreme* The vietim 
apFpri^ed, b^ a guru or priest, tbat it was tixae to b^izt the 
tites, numb^rs of Brabsoans, witb ligbted torebes in dieir händ^ 
and eartb^i pots of dl and ghee, todk thdr stations nmad the 
pi}?, while otbers recited iHantras, or prayers, in a kmd'TBicc^ 
and consecrated the pile, by sprinkling it wiüt pure water. Tbe 
on^d baving given way> my elpectation of seeing tiie victim^ 
Wdhom I observed to be advancing^ witb a slow, bot firm step, 
tfupported by some Brabmans and her friends, in the diiectioB of 
the Spot in whiob L was st»iding> was now at its besgbt. Sie 
was of tbe age of about forty-five, a well-made ip^oman, and r»- 
tber bandsome ; her neck, fingers, arms, and legs, were loaded 

• A chokedar xs a constable, or watchmon. 

wilb a profusiozi of Ornaments, chie% of gM, a&d her whole 
attire wa9 as gaj as if the occasioii were feitive ; and so, indeec^ 
in her estimation^ it ajipeared to be; her countenanoe was in 
keeping with her general afrpearanoe^ pLeasmg» and even pheeis 
ful ; nor did it express other tndt of Cancern than a palenesa^ an^ 
a sHght quivering of > the under lip. As she a^iroached the pile, 
the sp^ctators^ .particularly. the womeB>. weat np to^her, to wish 
her jfyy^.imä implore a blessiQg fieom her beforaher departure to 
the mansbns of Paiadise» Tq all ^he jnade answersf, and to some 
ehe gave rice; such ßs were not near enough to reodve anj fam 
her, caught> with eagemessj the grains which she scattered 
azQund>. and in the ak^ and which seemed to he prized aaa relic« 
All this tarne there was a buzz of adoration from the infatuated 
multitude, whp beheld h^.with a deg^e of awe inspired by the 
beUef that she was. a divinity, and aome even poostsated them-* 
sehres at her £eet« Three times she walked round the pile, scat- 
teriog rice armind and above her^ the Brahmans uttering their 
mantrasb and the people adoring her. £very thing being now 
ready^ she took a fisucewpll of her xieareat relatiens, distzibuting 
among them her oxnazoents. . She then meunted the pile with 
astonishing coolness, seated herself next the. corpse^ which she 
ferv^itly, eaibraced with bothr her anas> put scHne zice ia its 
n^outh»' and fbs the last tixne» scattered some among the spect»- 
tors* She was then bound to, the dead body with two easy ban- 
dages^and a quantity of straw, xoaiB, butter^and oil; was.strewed 
over herand the. oorpse« A lighted terch was then handed to her, 
which she held in one band, while with the other she emptied a 
pot of oU oyer her head; thvi done, she threw the torch on the 
pUe. In an instant the pile was set on fire in ten or twelve di£- 
ferent places, and the flames rose with a rapidity and intensity oi 
heat (the Brahmans conlinually pQuringonoilandbutter),"whieh 
must have comsumed the yictdm almQstrimmediately;.indeed she 
was not Seen, to move a lipdb after she.had Jaidharself down. 
The noise of the .tum-4umsy the.ijuiehsof the.women^ and the 
shouts of .the sgect&UiT^ were such aa to defy description> and 
even exceed con«eption ; so that, had her resolution failed> her 
loudest cries for succour would have been unavailing. The flames 
toweiißd ihto the atmosphere, to an immense height> and in a few 



minutes notia vestige of fire remained — not even embers ; ashes, 
'dust^ and a coliimn of smoke^ were the only indications of the rite 
Svhich had been performed. Such was tlie end of a woman, vrho, 
instead of living to serve and adom society^ thus became tlie victiiii 
of a cruel and barbarous superstition. 

The ceremony of suttee varies in different districts^ but 
throughout the east is fundamentally the same. But India is not 
the only country in which this abominable rite has preyaQed. 
Ancient authors speak of it as not unknown^ in early times, in 
otber parts of the globe. Herödotus^ in particular^ speaking of 
the Crestonsans^ asserts^ that the women disputed with eacH 
other the honour of dying with their husbands. The Hindoos, 
however^ seem to be the only people who have continued the 
practice up to this day. But in recording the superstitions of the 
"Hindoos^ or those of any other nation^ we must do so rather '' in 
sorrow than in anger." Such, and perhaps still more degradrag, 
were the superstitions' of our ancestorS; and in such should we 
ourselves be sunk, but for the undeserved gift of Hevelation, 
imparted to us by the Pather of Light, for the purpose of rescu« 
ing US from the thick darkness in which oür forefathers wan« 
dered: thanks then be to Hirn for that inestimable blessLng ! 

To proceed in my narrative : — ^Wafted by a gentle north-east 
bree^e, we crossed the equator five weeks ßfter leaving Hindoo- 
stan, and in a few days afterwards, entered the Straits of Sunda, 
steering due east. Nothing in nature can surpass the beauty of 
these straits ; they are studded with myriads of small islands^ of 
an oval shape, which greet the eye of the voyager in every direc- 
tiori, and produce a diversity of scenic effect, highly interestiiig« 
In exploring these regionsj, the excitement which the mind re* 
ceives from novelty alone, affords in itself no ordinary gratifica- 
tion ; and never, in the Straits of Sunda, does the voyager feel 
the pain of disappointed expectation. The sea, bounded to the 
north by the Sumatra shore, and to the south by Java, seMom 
rises higher than a gentle curl ; and our bark sailed along, wafted 
by odoriferous gales, amid the surrounding beauty, considerably 
heightened by the reflection around from the efiulgence of the at- 
mosphere, until the ships at anchor in Batavia roads appeared in 
sight. Malays then came off in canoes, with parrots, Java spar- 



rows^ fruit^ and curiously wrought mats^ for sale. I feit a 
desire to purcbase one of the inats^ of ß fine and curious texture, [ 
but considering that my thirty doUars would be materially duni- 
nisbed thereby, I prudently resolyed not to part witb a single 
stiver. Afiter we came to an ancbor, tbe captain obligingly fa-> . 
voured me witb bis boat^ and I soon reacbed tbe entrance of a 
river, on tbe banks of wbicb^ at tbe distance of two miles^ 
Stands tbe princely and luxuriant city of Batavia. 

Batavia^ wbicb is tbe capital of Java^ and of tbe Dutcb posses- 
sions in tbe East Indies^ afibrds a striking specimen of Äsiatic 
opulence and luxury- But it is perbaps tbe most unbealtby place 
in tbe universe^ and is prodaimed^ and not witbout justice^ tbe 
" grave of Europeans." A fever carries off a wbole family in tbe 
momingj and tbey are buried in one grave in tbe evening. Tbe 
Dutcb^ eyer addicted to cansds^ bave forined several in tbis city^ 
as in Batavia in Europe^ and it is to tbis cause tbat tbe un- 
bealtby State of tbe town is mainly attributed : — tbe stagnant State ~ 
of tbese^ and of tbe adjacent marsby ground and pools^ witb wbicb 
tbe country aboun^s^ — tbe noxious vapours usbered in by tbe 
moming sea breezes — ^togetber witb inattention to cleanliness 
on tbe psurt of tbe inbabitants — ^all, doubtless, contribute to tbe 
fatal pestilence continually raging tbere. . Europeans consider tbe 
segar an excellent preservative, and tbey eat and drink freely, 
beedless of danger. Tbe mercbants reside in country seats^ a few , 
ndles frpm Batavia^ wbere tbe air is considered to be as pure and 
bealtby as in Europe^ tbe city itself being tbe fatal seat of pesti- 
lence. Tbe country seats are süperb^ tbe gardens being tastefiiUy 
laid out^ and omamented witb sculpture^ wbile tbe iiiterior of 
almost every bouse displays costly lustres and mirrors^ correspond- ' 
ing witb tbe general magnificence. Tbe roads are upon a Scale of 
grandeur wbicb astonisbes tbe European fresb from bis native soil. 
Tbe market abounds witb good fisb^ fowl^ vegetables^ and plenty 
of fruit. Tbe city of Batavia was taken by tbe Britisb forces in 
tbe late war^ but afterwards ceded to tbe Dutcb^ in conformity 
to tbe treaty of peace ; but tbe Javanese are decidedly inimical to 
tbe Dutcb sway, as are^ indeed^ tbe Malay people generally 
tbrougbout India^ wl^cb circumstance frequently involves tbe go- 
vemment in turbulent and expensive broils. Tbe Obinese inba- 



bitants afe so numerous äs to eonstitute, it is säid^ nearly cme- 
tluid of the population*. In the whole^ Batavia is a most superb 
Gtty-- a secöndary Bagdat. 

On entering tihe river, a Javanese on horseback^ Who was walt- 
ing for US on its bank^ threw us a irope^ which b^ing fastened to 
tbe bow of our boat^ he trotted off, towing us along at a rapid 
rate^ until we reacbed the city. I then landed^ foUowed by a 
lascar, carrying my trunk^ my thirty dollars b^ing wrs^ped care- 
fuUy in paper, and placed with extraordinary ptecaution in my 
pocket. The first human beings I beheld were Curopean soldiers^ 
and theb: appearance instantly wamed me of the unhealthiness 
of the spot I had landed in. They looked more; like skeletans 
than men:— each the '' grim tyrant*' personified; — and on tke 
visage they bore a pale yellow tinge^ which, together with the 
'^ lack-lustre eye '* sunk deep in the socket^ gave them an ap- 
pearance^ absolutely appalling : I involuntarily shuddered at the 
aight of them^ reflecting on the probability of my soon bebg va, 
the same State. Tö £hese crawling emblems of death, howeveri 
I advanced^ and requested to know the direction to a tayem. 
The racant stare — the shrug of the Shoulders— «brought to mind 
the Singular predicament which Croldsmith must have found him- 
seif 6n his arrival in Holland to teach the natives English> oa 
discoverihg that he must first leam to speak Dutch^ I proceejed 
forward^ when three other shades of men appe'ared in adranoet 
those also I addressed^ but stül no answer could I obtcdn^ wbik 
the reigning stülness of the city impresised me with a mouraful 
Sensation^ discouraging to my hopes^ and foreboding^ I thöught^ a 
gloomy sojourh in the place. 

Onward, however, I advanced^ until at length I beheld before 
me, to my infinite delight^ a sign, "" The Dutchman's head/' sus- 
pended in front of a splendid hotel; thither I beut mysteps, 
and found the landlord seated in front of the house, and he 
invited me, (to my agreeable surprise in broken English), to 


• In 1740, twenty thousand Cliinese were barbarously ipassacred by the 
Dutch, widioat the smaUest c^nce liaving ever been proved against them* ^^ 
nuttsacre was too unprovoked and detestable to be defended, even by the Netber- 
lands govemment, who, when the governor arrived in Europe, sent him hack, 
tb be tried in Batavia ; but he has never been heard of since. 


^ votk in/' My pnmftiy object was to agree Cor my board ; thls 
was floon settled^ at the rate of three doUars per day-— ^ tarn, 
howeyer^ whioh placed my litüe stock of ca^ in jeopardy of soon 
disappearing altogether. Having placed my trank in a bed- 
loom allotted to me^ and discharged ihe lascar who carried it> I 
toolled ii\to tbe Inlliard-room^ tbe dining-room^ and coflfee-roonij 
all of them on a scale of splendid magnificence^ and füll of Duteh- 
men^ one Englishman only^ besides myself^ being in tbe botd, 
and he, I nndentood^ labooring under a derangement of inteüect. 
Observing a number of Dutcbmen Standing in an ante-room^ wait- 
ing far tbe wekome announcement of ^ dianet/* I bent my steps 
dntlier, in tbe bope of meetzng vnth one wbo could speak Englisb ; 
nor was I disappointed-— a middle^aged militaiy officer acoosted me^ 
and in bn^en Englisb^ inquired as to tbe then State of Europe^ 
— tben qwke of Buonaparte^-— and informed me t&at be bimself 
bad fougbt and bled on tbe field of '' Vaterloo ;" speaking of wbicb^ 
be obserred--^^' De Duke of Vellington^ army Was aU in cönfu- 
sion ; de IXike vas all in de wrong ! and be vould lose de battle^ 
if von vaxy clever Holländer bad not come in de vay^ and told 
bim vat to do: if it ras not for dis man—- dis vaiy clever man^ 
FanderbenholderHeiny de Duke of Vellington would bave lost 
eveiy ting in de vorld !" At tbat instant dinner was announoed> 
and I bent my steps towards tbe dining-room^ marvelling greatly 
at tbe profbund wisdom of tbe said Vanderhenhelderstein, but 
stiE more tbat I bad never before beard mention even of bis name. 
I was natnrally anxious to be seated next my countryman^ de- 
ranged as be was^ and watcbed my opportunity. I fortunately 
saeceeded> and feund tbat be was a surgeon in tbe army : bis 
discourse was so rational^ and bis manners so mild^ gentlemanly^ 
and well-bred, tbat I seriously doubted tbe fact of bis beirig 
deranged ; indeed> during dinner-time tbe only instance of sin« 
gu^uity I observed in bis conduct was^ tbat every now and then 
be would s^y pincb tbe arm of tbe Dutchman^ wbo was seated 
on Ms left-band^ and tben burst out into a violent roar of laugb« 
ter. Mynbeer^ bowever^ took it all in good part^ well knowing 
tbe malady bis tonnentor was afflicted witb. Tbe dinner consisted 
of an abondant supply of fisb^ poultry^ wines^ and liqueurs; 
and tbe clotb. being removed« a song was called for> and tbe re- 



j^uest was inataatly complied with by one of the paHj, all joui'» 
ing vociferously^ but vfiih admirable uniformity^ in the chonis.- 
Shortly after^ a Malay girlattired in thecostume of tbe oouniryj* 
and of course bare-legged^ entered the roopi with a guitar^ and 
seating herseif next to me^ played and sang, in a soft^ mekxUou» 
strain, several favourite Malay airs. So enchanting was the me- 
lody, that we sat üstening attentively for some time, and it was 
not until a late hour that we retired to rest. 

Qn the foUowing morning I was anxious to prooeed to the resi«- 
dence of the captain of an English ship« then on the eve of de- 
parture for Padang^ for the purpose of obtaining a passage ; but 
my chagrin was extreme to. find^ that the hireof a carriage was in« 
dispensible, it being a positive Stigma for a European to be seen 
Walking ia the streets of Batavia. Although I could not but 
grieve at an expensive sacrifice to tyrant custom^ I was oompeUed 
to yield to necessity; and a carriage being sent for, the hire of 
which was four dbllars, I rode towards the captain's residence, 
condemning> most heartily, a custom so absurd ip. itself and, in 
my case, so productive of evil. 

I found the captain at home ; he was in his dressing-go^^n, 
and eating radishes> with which he suppHed himself fcom *a äde* 
board. Having invited me to l»:eakfast^ he swallowed some 
coffee, and handed me some fruit, cold beef, harn, tongue, and 
water-cresses (gaping and yawning wide all the time). Having 
thus employed himself for nearly half-an-hour, he »pologized 
for his absence for a moment, and retired ; he soon re-entered 
the room, sprucely dressed, and foUowed by attendants with,-«« 
breakfast-things 1 It was a maxim with me abroad never to 
appear »urprised at. any thing, but to take whatever oddities 
I might meet with in my travels^ as things of course : so down 
we sat to a regulär breakfast of,— eggs, toast, coffee» tea, 
ham, beef, radishes, water-cresses, and fruit, — oonsisting of 
mangoes, plantains, bananas, the jack*frui1^ and mangosteens * ; 


* The Buui|p»teen is tJonsidered, and with justice, the molt deUdoas fruit 
in the wocld ; it is endosed in a shell, is white, and xound, and iJixNiiids .with 
rieh, sweet, and bighly-fiavoured juice. The mango is hurger, of a yellow colour, 
and has a fiat oval stone in the middle: it is also delicious, though in my 
opinion inferior to the mangosteen. The jack.fruit, pumaloes, hananas, and 
plantains, are Ukewise pleasing and refreshing to the palate. 


but I confes» I could with difficulty withhold the expression of 

my 8urprue> when two smoking disbes^ one of boiled xv», tlie 

other of fiied fish^ bome by two kfican^ weie plaoed upon tbe 

table ! Afler all, tbe best tbing I piocured by tbis inyitation 

was a pzomise, by tbe captain, ot a fi:ee pf^^flage in bis sbip to Pa- 

dasg, wbieb was to sail in a few days« I tben retumed to tbe 

tavem ; and on entering tbe dining-ioom, found tbe doctor in 

warm dispute on a political point, witb a littk Dutcbman, wbo 

maintained bis argument stoutly, and in a tone of baugbty inso^ 

lence, wbicb loused tbe doctor's cboler to sucb a degree, tbat be 

fairly saluted tbe Dutcbman's seat of " bonour" witb tbree tre- 

mendous kicks* An immediate " set-to" was tbe consequence, in 

tbe presence ef twenty Dutcbmen wbo were seated round tbe 

xoom« and wbo certainly witnessed tbe ludicrous scene witb in« 

jexibb gravity. By some means tbe Dutdiman suoceeded in 

getting tbe doctor down, and in tbat State, '' peppered" away 

at bis face, to an astounding' sbout of-^'' Bravo !" from all tbe 

Dutcbmen in tbe room. Tbis sample of foul play, bowevetj 

calling upon me, as I considered, to interfere in bebalf of my 

countzyman, I adyanced, amid a perfect stillness^and grajsping 

the doctor nnind tbe wttst; lifted bin| on bis legs. Tbe action 

nciw reoommenced ; bot in tbis round, the doctor contrived to get 

the head of bis anti^mst beneatb bis left arm, and to keep it 

there, as tigbt as if it were in a blacksmilh's vice, bdabouzing it 

with determined ferodty witb bis rigbt fist^ untü Bfynbeer,'blub- 

bering like a gieat girl, and bis face streanung with blood, ex« 

tricated bimself, and ran fairly out of tbe iwim. I n^as secvetly 

rejoioed at tbis result of tbe battle, white tbe Dutcbmen wei« 

equally cbagxined, and vented tbeu: petolanoe and veza|ion by 

vociferating — '^ Fke Napoleml" The' doctor, howeTer> calmlj 

seated himsetf in the verandah, and thys the might^ aQair endecL 

It was usoftl with me to stroU about äie town aftersunset, to 

enjoy the lozury of a walk. On one of tbese oecadons^ my 

attention Was attracted by an amphitbeatre, in tbe front of wbic)i 

a crpwd of oatives had assembled, to witness tbe p^ormance of 

some Chinese votaxi^ of Thespis, who played thek. parts wit^ 

aingulfor adioitness in the open air. The dialogue of the pix«e^ 

which was in Chinese, and had evidently a comip tendency, wa^s 

P supported 

suppotted'lQr two men and two femaleiS^ bat tbe countenanoes of 
t&enfüliitucle disddiiied to emce a single Symptom of meninient, 
üntü Mne gtöss sKow of indecency was resorted to in ihe actum 
ctf the perfonnerst thts was frequently done^ and neverfailed to 
raise a sünultanebüs grin of appku^. Leaviiig tbis extraoidititty 
scene, I walked lelsurely homeward^ calculating the State of my 
dollars to a nicety, when a Malay^ steaüng secretly beliiüd me, 
imd^r Cover of the nigbt^ seueed my hat, and decamped> w&th 
the fleetne^B of aroe; I mstanüy gave c^ace^ but ia vahi. Tha 
loss was a severe onie, and ßrovfed w^^aigh iireparable; the |«ioe 
of a beaver hat beirig tlo'less than twenty d^ars : I was Üter^ate 
^eluetantly eompelied' to pufehase^ as a Substitute "Ha my fiae 
beaver, a mean, lilack chip hat, the price öf^ evea that being 
ten dollars. This incident pi^vetited my taking any mose noe- 
tumal rambles at Bfttavia. Iti a few4ays I set sail, and armed 
in a fortnight at Padang, with but öne doUaar ih l^e wnrld. 
' Padaüg iB situated at the distaftcfe of a .mile änd a half up a 
xiver^ navigable only by boats^ and is a pk^iesque Mal^ ▼iSage: 
some4)f ihe houses sre eonstructed of wood^-otl^ers of bainboeB aad 
mats. The most remarhable feature ih this little settlOEneftt (now 
in the possession öf the Dutch)^ is its romantie ^eeaety, raoon- 
iahiä^ hüls^ island»> and watexßdk^ whieh inde0d äfibcd M diiof 
and mqst intete^ting recoimnendation. ' The artides of importa« 
'tio& kref^ ^iece goöds^ chintaes^ palampores^ wbeat, aad Em»- 
pean lüx^rie^^ such as wine^ beer^ hams^ and cheeses : goId-diiiK 
and pepper coristltute the retums. I instaatly repadred to JBndl- 
field's, by virhom- 1 was no sooner observed^ Ihan he coiMrinoed 
me I was recognised, by embracing me with the fervoor of a 
paient.-^'^ Indeed^ Naufragus/ said he^ ''^I am heutily |^ad 
to see you !•— we had all given you up^ «oncluding yott were 
either already provided fpr, or by this time ^ iabahbaBt 
of anotfaer planet : here— this is my wife— my daogkter— ^ny 
son." In short^ the good man^ reoeptioö «ras tidtt ofa- falber; 
which convinced me of the worth of a truly religious heart, k6w- 
ever the world may deride or despise it. After tea We sat toge» 
ther in a magnificent verandah^ when^ at the partieiilar re^ttost 
of Endtfield^ I related all ths^ had befallen me sitice oür aepäni- 
tion ; but not without oontinued interruptions of<— Z' Bles» ne IT 



f^^Betkt mer— Indeedr— ''My gmciousf" and «t ttie ooo- 
climon^ he said-*-^*^ In good tnuh^ Nau&agus^ you have uzider? 
gone extraotdiiuäy trials for your age. Bless me I you seeqi to 
be the tenDis-ball of fortüae. Let me see^ 1^ me aee^ bow> 
what's best to be done. I h&re succeeded» but wiih so small 
difficuity, in keeping the appointmetit at Bencodien» vacant> ät 
least I have r^son to hope 8o: diither you must immediately 
repair. Make not youxaelf uneasy» Naufragus^ Folrtune mf^ 
yet amikf npon you. You are still young; so is your wife; 
and if her affection for you i^ naoere, she ^Ul wait patiently 
nhtsl you are able to send tot her, Bless me ! when I Was 
married>'I was jrounger than you' ate;— -only a wedding-^ünner 
the ridier^ which was a pieoe of röast beef— but even ihat 
|attance> ''FfWtuae (the jade !) denied me ; for when my badk 
was tumed^r-^b^fore even we had tasted the meat^ my house-dog 
fairly decaiaped with the whole'of it ! Now» you See> I'mjrich: 
well then> cheer up^ Naufri^s— ' Nu desperandum' and all 
may yet be well !" I wa^ about to reply, when a oold agutsh 
fit, «et my teeth diattenng. I foundi loo sbon^-it.was' ther- Ba.« 
tarvia fever» the latent cause of which J had unoonseiotuify hrought 
with me finnn^at p^flileuäal plaoe, and which had now b^ 
upon me. Endtfield instänüy hited a bungalon^, and'pcocmed me 
every lüequidte assistance; but'fbr the space of sbc weeks, I was 
totally uneonsd^us of sunoundiDg öbjects. The only Sensation 
I was snscepi^Ue ai, was> tiiat of bumsng with thirst, and heing 
stretobed on a mossy bank beneatibi a wat^rfall» gaping wide to 
cätdi a drop to c6ol my pardxed tongue»«-^but tJie toimenting 
liquid rolling down» tuhied aside;, and. still deoeived me. My 
constitutioR got the better of the disease» and the first day 
I was able to walk» I attempted . to reaoh tiie habitation of 
my fticnid Endtfidd; bot; tm my way» a Malay horsemmci aib 
füll Speed» k^odked me down« asotd gaUoping dver me» oomtmued 
hk course. The natives flodsed raQnd»'^aQd assisted me with the 
fedings of true Samaritans ;" but so* great was the inJury I had 
sustained» that it was not untiT the esptration <if anatherihonthy 
that I could again yenture abroad» nifhfin my at)peaianee eomctly 
resemUed thät of tibe Euxopeans I had first aeeti. dn hmdang' at 
Batavia. Endtfield havingprocured me a paasäge to Bencoolen, 

f2 and 


and favour^d me with letters^ I emborked, deeply nfSecteA at 
the t^collection of his kindness ;— at a time when suffering under 
tlie affliction of sickness^ and in a foreign land^ the heart ia per« 
haps most susceptible of kind and good offices. 

Bencoolen being distant only two hundred and forty miles from 
the eqviator^ is saltry ahnost heyond endurance ; and is suhject to 
severe earthquakes. At the period of my arrival (1815)^ it was 
the seat of the Company's govemment on the west coast of Sa« 
matra ; but it has since been ceded to the Netherlands gorem- 
ment. The fortress called '^ Fort Marlborough/' is conadered one 
of great strength ; it commands the only good landing-plaee in the 
Settlements the whole line of the coast being protected by a tie- 
mendous surf. The sun has such power in this Settlements tbat a 
piece of raw meat placed on a cannon at mid-day> would be tlio» 
roughly broiled in ,a few minutes. The town is not laige; bat 
the houses of the European inhabitants are compact^ deanly^ and 
comfortable. The surrounding country is as romantic and p^ 
turesque as any perhaps in the world ; and on the sea beadi in 
the evening a most luxurious walk may be enjoyed, sun-set pc^ 
sentings in fme weather^ a spectacle of great splendour. llie 
nutmeg plantations also afford a delightful prospect^ the number 
of the trees iji difierent plantations^ varying irom five ihoasand to 
fifiteen thousand: they are planted in parallel rows^ at a distance 
of thirteen feet asunder. The outer covering of the nutmeg is ai 
about the size of a peach^ and bears an appearance very mnch le- 
sembling that fruit. When the nutmeg ripens, it cradu on ooe 
side^ the aperture graduaUy widening^ until the ntitm^ ib to be 
Seen in the centre of its coating^ entwined with fresh maoe of ared 
oolour. It is altogether an object pleasing to the eye^ and le^ 
freshing to the smell ; and from its value well deserves care and 
attention. Here I had the pleasure of getting acquainted with a 
gentleman^ whom I must designate as one of the Ornaments of the 
Settlements and indeed of human nature : I mean the benevolent 
William Basket^ Esq. Having resided in the settlement in the 
capadty of a merchant, nearly thirty yßars, he had not only 
acquired wealth^ but had so gained the conMence and aflfections of 
the nativess that in case of any dispute^ they would "flock firom 
distant parts of the interior to him^ for jüdgment>.and inväriably 



libide hy bis deciaon. The ezercue of bis benevolence was not> 
however^ oonfined to the natives; bis table was always at tbe 
Service of bis European bretbren^ poor^ as well as rieb; and 
bis beart and purse were open to tbe needj and destitute^ wbo 
ofiten found sbelter under bis roof. He was remarkable for 
equanimity of temper^ and bis name was always associated witb 
▼irtue. To tbis wortby man I was recommended by Endtfieldj 
and was freely invited to partake of tbe bospitalities of bis bouse 
and table. Tbe introductory letters wbicb I bad received from 
Endtfield were forwarded to Government^ and in a few days I 
received an appointment. I now cberisbed tbe bope of being 
^ttled for life« and looked forward witb transport to tbe period 
wben I sbould be able to send for Virginia^ to partake of my 
good fortune. A rumour about tbis time obtained tbat we 
were sbortly to bave a new govemor^ in tbe person of tbat bigbly 
talented and populär individual — tbe late Honourable Sir Tbomas 
iStamford Raffles. From tbis rumour emanated various specula- 
tions as to projected alterations in tbe administration of tbe settle- 
ment; buttbat tbe appointment would lead to increase of busi- 
liess, and oonsequently of emolumentsj no doubt.wbatever was 

. Tbree years and upwards bad I beld an agreeable employment 
in tbis Settlements and bad nearly acquired a sufficiency to enable 
me to send to Calcutta for my young wife> wbo bad evinced 
admirable constancy in ber correspoiliencej wben^ on tbe twenty- 
second Marcb^ 1818> Sir Tbomas Stamfozd Raffles did actually 
acrive and take cbarge of tbe govemment. So far^ bowever^ were 
my sanguine expectations from being reali^ed^ tbat myself, 
smd many otbers^ were doomed to suffer tbe pain of actual^ and^ 
as we considered^ unmerited dismission^ in consequence of tbe 
introduction into tbe. settlement of an entirely new and eco- 
nomical System of administration. Tbe persons wbo were most 
.immediately interested in tbis cbange^ assembled at Basket's, 
Jooking to bim as to a common fätber^ all witb gloomy oouQte- 
nanoes^ and many witb empty purses. 

Tbis event fumisbed me witb new evidence of tbe uncertainty 
of every «tbing under tbe sun. — '^ Ab !■' tbougbt I^ *' witbout 
doubtj I am doomed to endure a life of trial^ vexation^ and dis« 

p 3 appointment ; 


appointment: I am still to be tantalkecl witli liopes, but to feel 
the torture of their defeat ; nor can I ever expect to be at rest 
on eartb« or to attain mj wishes." The gooÜ man^ Basket^ 
however^ observed' mj uneaainess^ and accostGfd me in tenns af 
encouragement:**^' Tbis, I alloW/ said be> '^ is a sad erent^ 
Naufragus ; but Government wiU^ I suppose^ pvovide for you ; 
if not bere^ in Calcutta^ or perbaps in £urop6 ; so keep up your 
spirits ; rely tipon it^ Grovemmeüt will not cüscard you. Ap» 
ply for a certificate of your Services^ your cbnduct^ and tbe cause 
of your dismissicm ; and if you prefer your claiias^ eitber in Bengal 
or in England^ tbey will doubtless be attended to." Thanidng 
bim ftom my beart^ I complied witb bis advice. A bigbly fiatter- 
ing certificate was immediately granted : and I prepared to embaik 
for Galcutta^ in a sbip tben on tbe eve of departure, witb a view 
to prefer my claims to tbe Bengal govemment. 

I cannot^ bowever^ quit Bencoolen^ witbout saying a few 
words regarding tbe new system of administration introduced bj 
Sir T. S. Raffles. In suddenly dispensing witb the Services of 
so many persons^ wbo were unable to ptocure immediate em- 
plc^ment^ be tbirew a bürden upon tbe settleioent^ and cansed 
mucb personal sufiering : but witb reference to tbe latter eflfect^ 
it may fairly be presumed tbat be did violence to bis owli benevo- 
lent feelings ; for^ by all aä^ounts^ a more sosceptible or tender 
beart tban bis^ never beat in tbe breast of man ; and^ on the 
wbole^ be no doubt acted for tbe public good^ considering the 
measure as one^ at least^ of expediency : be migbt even bave had m 
prospect tbat wbicb bas since taken place — ^the total abaadon- 
ment of tbe settlement ; and if so^ tbe actual necessüy o£ the 
measure must^ to bim> bave been apparent. Be tbat^ however, as 
it may^ it is certain^ and must be acknowledged^ tbat bis geueral 
administration had for its cbief object tbe interests of Üie Bast 
India Company^ in connexion witb tbe moral improvemäit of 
tbe people^ and tbe prosperity of tbe colony. Among tbose mea* 
sures of Sir T. S. Raffles wbicb merit to be recorded^ are the est»- 
blisbment of native scbools — ^tbe encouragement pf tbe cultivatiDn 
of grain — and tbe Institution of a court caDed tbe '' Panganm's 
Court/' at tbe bead of wbicb be presided in person, conjointly 
with tbe native cbiefs^ distributing justice fairly and impartially 



amoQg all ranks of the people. He abpli^hai co^^figfatiiigy 
wbich was before pibliqly sanctioned; aiid> fibQy^.all/te fietlcii 
foot active taeasures witli tbe yi^Mi^ to preyent the in^Eimpus .tjr»^ 
&c in filaves^ not only. atJBenqpolenji. but .int^v^^^i^limd wi 
sppt in the J^astfm Ai^bipetegoi^^ 9^ Bt Seiio(|ole.Qi l^ )iiia$e]f 
made.the expeiiment of ^inaBcij^ation. Feir a AetaU^d iai)d Ve^ 
ss^^ctory aceount of those measuxeß^ as well $^ .for a fiil^ 
highly-interesting and oorrect. retrospec^ pf hia adjaiinUtiriybv^ 
and general character^ the reader is referred to a. m^noir of 
hinij which has a^peared in the amiual volume of Biography^ 
published by Longmon.^d Co. pn the jQrst (^. Jantiary^ 18^ 7" I 
cannqt here refrain bqm oSkxiag a few brief obserVations on 
filav^ry^ digressing from my nanative fpr the last time. 

In the Performance o£ my offidal dutJes, I had tO superintend 
the landing of the Company's fitores^ when mmjerous opportur 
nities were a^rded me of forming a just conception of the nar 
ture of.slavery« a$ well as.of witnessing the oondition of thß 
Coippany's slavesj who were employed in thi^ ta$k> Jheir numbor 
amou^^t^ng to upwards of two hundred. My experieiioe confirnvi 
th^ cp9Ql^sion9 pf all legiti^i^te reasoning on the subject ; — ^that 
the stat^ of slavay is <t ir^dkal evil, inasmuch as it tends to de^ 
baße- the human mind^ and to even place it pn a level, with the 
lower instincts of the brut^ Of the treatment of the slaves ö£ 
thiß colpöy^ I need qq]^ (^sprVLQ (what perhaps is too evident)^ 
ths^t cruelty> is the characteristic of all barbarous or uncivili^ed 
people anned, wj^h Qiithonty. Ißnt, for the sake of argumenta 
^ven grsmting the slave tp h^ well fed^ weU clothedj and well 
ireated — stiU^ as it r^p^cta t^ min4> the evil is equally ^gra- 
ding, and its taidency to engender vice> repains a$ powerful ^ais 
fiver. This truth was never perhaps more oompletely illustrated 
Ihan in the Cpmpany's slaves:. they were as well treated as fr^ 
01^9; bnt inany pf them so debased, and stupid^ as to reject the 
boo4 cf freiem o£&red them by Sir T. S. Reffles; and all 89 
vigiou«ij.ithat^\urderj theft^ pi^omiscuons intercoursej intpsieatipo^ 
ttßß- eyeiy . disgusting feature of vice and immorality^ appeared 
^moQg them; 

On dgiar^g &oin Be&ooolen^ I wrote an afifectipnate faretvell 
letter to Mr. JEodtfield; iipr oould I leave Bask^t s^d othor 

p 4 esteemed 


«steeaoied Metiäa, witibout feeliag deep atid psdnful regreC. ThoK 

delightfiil and romantic bpwers too, wbich lAj soul ymß, as h 

were^ enamoaied of — ^tbe sea beach — the toaring of the 'fietful 

surge> become so familiär to me^ as to be music to my ear-— 

every tree and btit^ witb wbieh tbere was some agreeaUe a»o- 

dation in my memory-— the glens and plainfH^tbe bills and 

grottoes> wbicb I bad travened^ xnusing on my pest yean and 

future de8tiny-*-tbese^ all tbese/ I was to leave fbr erer^ instead 

of passing tbe remainder of my days among tbem> witb tbe wife 

of my youtb^ in peace and bappiness^ as my beart bad fondly 

flattered itself.- Indeed^ bad I not reoeived tbe consolatkm 

of knowing tbat I was going to meet ber wbom I Talved 

more tban life^ I sbould bave been absolutely wretcbed. As it 

-was^ I was borne away from Sumatra's sbore^ only neb in my 

■certificate^ and a few bundred dollars wbiob I bad sated. So 

*nsed was I to disappointment> tbat on my passage \ cberidied the 

most gloQvy apprebensions^ wbieb^ bowever^ wäre oocasbnallj 

relievedby tbe conviction^ tbat if by any cbance tbey shoold be 

falsified^ tbe more welcome would be my good fortune« Vifginia 

was anxiously awaiting my arrival ; and we met alter an absenee 

•of tbree years^ witb less alteration in appearance on ber pait 

tban on mine^ tbe Batavia fever baving leh its traces on mj 

countenanee— certainly witbout any in our affections. 

If I was afflicted witb more tban (»dinary trial8> I was gifted 

by nature witb a more tban ordinary sbare of perseverance ; flo 

tbat tbe more disoouraging tbe prospects^—- tbegreater tbedifficulty, 

the greater energy would I exert in my endeavours to sunnoont 

-it« Immediately tberefore on arriving at Galcutta^ I laidmyease 

^in writing befco'e the tben govemor-general^ tbe late Marquis 

of Hastings. To my indescribable joy, I received in reply an offi- 

cial eommumcation to the eflfectr— ** Tbat Mr. Secretary A — - 

was direeted to provide for Naufragus^ ön tbe first opportunity that 

migbt ofifejf." Tbree montbs did my patience feed on the hope 

witb wbicb this bigb-sounding communication iaspired me. At 

tbe end of tbat time^ not baving beard any tbing furtber^ 1 1*^ 

solved to wait on Mr. Secretary A . On entering bis room, 

be immediately rose^ and politely offered me a cbair ; nay> to nicb 

a delicate extent was bis politeness carried^ tbat I began to doubt 




wbethei: I wm i^y aelidting a f^ouTj or had to confer one« 
'' No opportuBity hßd ss^ei," he said^ ^' offered; bat lie beUeyed 
Mr. S had a vacaiM^ ;" and being &youxed by Mr. A 
.with a letter^ X wa» soon in tbe pzesence cf Mr. S , wbom I 
found flufferiog under a tormenting gout* DeAnag me to be 
4Beatedj be read the letter^ and baving finished, be exdauaed— • 
** Ah, wbat pity ! this jdace, young man^ was filled up but yes« 
'terday evening— how unlucky ! bad you but calied yesterday^ you 
mjgbt bave bad it* But stay — I tbink — ^no ! bowever^ bere^" 
.wiiting, and folding a note^ ^' are a few lines to my fiiend Mr. 
Secretaiy M ■ ■ ; I tbink he bas a vacancy." dordially tbanking 
Iwfa, I waited on Mr. Secretaiy M , wbo^ baving read tbe 
jiote^ smiled so good-naturedly> tbat I said to myself--^^' Ah, I am 
sure of som^tbing now !" and ventured to express a hoge tbat be 
icould find occasion for my sendces. He said, still smiling — *' Ob> 
m)tbiQg nioce easy ! Give my compliments to Mr. Ochme of tbe 
general dcgpartaientj and [^smiling^ ask bim if be cannot make 
loom for you." Away I flew, like a bird witb a joyful, peck-piece 
hl its bill for a fond mate, to Mr. Ocbme. " Ob/' said be, '^ Mr. 
M ' / must be dr^aming ! we bave more bere iban we require, 
and, at least, five bundred names on our list !" Witb tbis a»- 
tounding intimation, I retumed to Mr. Secr^tary M ■ . " In« 
.deed !" said be ; '^ well, [smiling^ I am soir— ry-^or— it ! but I 
tbink my fiiend L may bave a sly comer vacant for you ; 

you sball bave a letter to bim." So sajring, be gave me tbe letter, 
wbile I overwbelmed bim witb tbanks; and tbanks, altbougb I 
neverfound tbem vary prolific of good, are at leaat innooent of 
barm. Mr. Secretary L—- told me tbat be was exceedingly 
jony ; but to give me bopes, would be but deceiying me«*-'' In« 
deed," said be, '' I am v^ sony ! ■' and sueb was tbe appaxent 
sincerity of tone^andnumner witb Wbieb bis sorrowful expressions 
were aeoompanied,tbat I actually began to fed as mucb uneasiaess 
for bim, as for mysdf ; and, on my retum bome, could not but 
feel most seiioudy, bow poignant bis sorrow must bave been 1 I 
Jbad scaroely time to reflect on tbe probable coosequences of my 
ill-sucoess, wben a letter fiom my fatber came to band, anaoun* 
i^ng tbat my unde Barron bad beard of my uGvere losse8,.aad bad 
written to some opulent mercbants in India to promote my m^ 



terest. This uitelligeBoe I at fi»t thöuglit too good to be led- 
lused ; büt tW teiidencf of tlie hBÖiiätt tmad ta bdüeve .what it 
'VTH^es Ib M tÄi6> fiüpeiseded all reasoning oa tbe sabject; and 
thä fiews^ imptbbaUe as it ^i^aä^ aetang upo» a sanguijoe tdinpera- 
nient^ fl^vad to liaae my bo^ to iäB-lagbiöd pkcb of exdtement. 
' A day 6t two ha& elapsed sinoe %hi» pfidkjd^ wfaen> td my infiaite 
joy; « note ws» In^ght me^ fhnn tfae Gfjmlent firm of Messrs. 
Faiilic»> F^gusson iuid Co. pcditely mtimatiog a "wish to see me 
immediätely^ i(- possible. I dew to th&t oStce afi atudety aind 
expectaticHi, and introduced myself to Mr. FergusM^^ wlio 
receiv^ me with a eordiality whioh woold hare sei-at rest 
the lears of the most' timid.— **' Witbottt donbt/'tbou^t I^ ^mj 
unde has releftfced ; and I am now to eilj(^ tbö ftüit of his benes- 
volence." — '^ Well,. Naüfxagus/' said Mr. Felrgüfisoa, " I am in- 
formed that fortune has been u&ldnd to ycki o^ lale/'— '^ V&f 
true ! indeed/ ait, yery true T (every mom^üt äisEkya^ el{)ectisg 
tlie announcement of my unde's name).*-^' Tkat% pity 1 1 Iiav^" 
(*' Yes?") ^' a little iM outstanding againsi yoH, as ownerof 
-your Inig^— it's önly sixty rup^s, and you eaa let us iiave it 
aa SQOD as convenient, if yo<a please.*^-— .^^ Ah !" thought I; iridi fl 
iSiOGp sigh^ " I will nevet more venture to h(^ for fotunfi's 
faw^ecmb-i^-Oood dayt Mr. Ferguräon^ I certdnly will sesttleitss 
8oon as I tm able/' and retumed hoioe iflore glieved aüd disap- 
pdinted al heart^ than I think I had ever befbre been. 

My finances again failing nie, I nöw becanie disgiisied witlr 
India^ and resolved to leaye it for ever ! — ^that oouiitry whidij 
having held out to me the expectatiön oi {^x>spetity, had aUured my 
youthM fancy with fond hopes, but to deceive tbran. VfitU the 
^ew of effecting this object, I commenced an nndertalong whicb 
cost me nothi»g> but labour. I was now to tread a new, and^«s 
I fea^ed» a dan^^rous path, that of an author; — and in three 
wseks o£^red tö the puldic my first publieation, a small work on 
the political events of the times. It had, however, so farouxalde 
a reoeption, as to defray the expense of our passage to the Ue <^ 
Franoe, on our way to England, whither it was my inteation to 
proceed> in the hope of being able, with ^he aid ef the good Mr* 
Neunboiough's influence, to get mycase sucoessfiilly represent* 
ed in the proper quartor. 



Amved at the Isle ci Fraiice> the blissful sceiies sf my youdi« 
ful days once moie greeted my view^ and rmired xhy dfoo|Hng^ 
disappointed sjnrit: we sat under tke same btiwer wliich had 
shelteied us many years befolg. The asfldduoas atteiktions and 
cHeeilnl coiiversatibn of Virginia's friends^ e^ecialfy ef MesÄeurs. 
Barais and Dubok^ deligbted us as they were wont td do :— 4<»ig 
after the sun had set, and wUle tÜe mwahkag bri^t and das« 
ding in the blue expanse^ would we sit^ as befdfe^ on some ro- 
mantiq point of land^ and watdi the silvery waves. Parties of 
pleasure into the- interior were again formed ; and in short^ the 
joys of early youth were renewed — ^but eame not, as fonaedy, un-« 
idloyed with pain ; — eorroding care and anxidty somewhat marrcd 
our joys. Without frtends or influeoce suffieient to ptocure me 
emplqyment^ I fcfund it useless to entartaia the hope of it in In- 
dia : I saw the flower of my youth dying unprofitably away ; — I 
knew the hour was to come (and it did dorne) which was again to 
separate me from Virginia. L^ving her with her mother and 
sisters, I set saü for my native land^ after an absence of ten years^ 
unhappyand alone^ and with but tWenty-eigbt doHans inttty 
pocket, instead of the handsome eompetency wMch my yoiithlul 
imagmation had aspred to retum widi. * . . 

On dur voyage hdme, we anchored at St. H&l^a for water« 
Napoleon was alive and well ; the Situation of bis höuse at Long- 
wood^ as we viewed it &om the summit of a craggy ]t)Gk^ over- 
hanging a yawning precipice^ was romantic^ büt gloomy; the 
waves of the ocean were seen from the immense height we had 
attained, roUing their frothy eurls^ in long and unifomi fows ; the 
wind^ in intermitting gusts^ whistled round Ms, while at interrals 
its sighs seemed to respond to the feelings of the extrabrdinary 
exUe whose dwelling was bdfore us. Of bis person we in vatn 
ehdeavoured to obtain a gümpse. 

At the end of two months from my departure from St. Helena, 
I landed in England. The different impressions which^ after an 
absence of a few short years^ the same objects make on the nund, 
are worthy of remark. England now appeared to me a country 
difierent from that which^ from uncertain recoUection, I had 
formed of it. Hie very faces of her sons and äaught^as seemed 
to have changed^ and her shores to have assamed another aspect ; 



hör coins too, presented a new at^pearauce ; and I was compelled 
to ask which'was'the half-crowiij— ^the ßhilling^ or the sixpence. 
{t was not« bowever« either the countiy or the people that had 
altered«— -the change was in mjself. From my lengthened so- 
joum abroad, I had imWbed femgn notkms, and wa. now view- 
ing my native country with the curious eye and eager gaze of a 
foreigner ; nor did I« as I walked the streets« escape Observation ; 
my dress of India woollens« and my gait« were those of a foreigner« 
and my skin was tanned completely brown. Long was it before 
surrounding objects became familiär to me« and before I reoan- 
dled myself to the change. 

On my arriving in London« I repaired to the residence of a bro« 
ther of my father's« of whom I leamt that my parents were still 
in Wales« and that« of the younger branches« some were gcown 
up and married« others dead« and that all who were living were 
80 scattered invarious directions« as to place me in the Situation of 
a Stranger in my own land. One intimation« however« and I be. 
lieve one only« afiKirded me delight«-— and that was« that the good 
Mr. Neunborough was then in town« and to be seen at the Old 
Hummums« Covent Garden. I immediately repaired thither« bat 
not meeting with bim« left for bim a memori£|l« which I bad 
drawn up on my passage home« embracing the peculiarities attend« 
ing the past events of my life« together with an urgent request 
that he would exert bis influence to get my case effidently repre- 
sented in the proper quarter ; and adding« that I would call in a 
week. At the end of that time I was shewn into bis room. An 
interview with the friend and fostering patron of our youthful 
years« after a long absence« is attended with a moral feellng 
which is« beyond all power of de$cription« afTecting : it calls to 
mind a thousand tender' recollections ; but though« in my expe- 
rience« this pleasure was not wanting, the contrast which my 
mind could not but Institute between the delightful hours I had 
spent with bim in my youth« and the heavy hours of my present 
difficulties« together with the foreboding prospects of the future« was 
painful in the extreme. But what« alas ! pained me still more^ 
was the change which was visible in the person of the man bim- 
seif: he who had been manly« bandsome« robust« and gay« — ^he 
whom I had left in bis prime*— was now« thin and wan ; — that eye« 



^Uch could before express every emotion of the heart^ had lost 
tbe lustre for wlikh it had been remarkable ; and that countenance 
which bad beamed benevolence^ a great portion of its expression : 
yet was bis mind as vigorous^ vivid^ and comprebensive as ever^— 
*' Come bitber^ Naufragus ; sit down by my side."— *' Ab, Sir, I 
hskve enconnt^ed many troubles since I left your bappy roof !"-^ 
'^ So I find, Naii&agus ; my eyesigbt is too bad to admit of my 
reading your memorial, yet am I acquainted witb its contents. I 
will bring your case before tbe notice of tbe proper autborities 
immediately, and I anticipate success, I can assure you. I will 
also introduce you to Sir William C— e. It is a pity your un-. 
cle discarded you at so early an age, for so cbildisb an offenoe 
too :— -but all may yet be for tbe best." 

Tbe nervous energy of bis delivery, bis well-known voice and 
manner, went directly to my beart, wbicb, witb its feeHngs, asso- 
dated tbe recollection of tbe scenes of youtb. I tbougbt of all tbe 
drcumstantials of bis mansion— my bappy bom^-tbe dining- 
room— -tbe fämily pictures — ^tbe study— -«nd tbe tea-room, the 
walls of wbicb were deoorated witb two of bis favourite pictures, 
illustrative of Sbakespeare— tbe snbject of one, tbe smotbering of 
the y«mng princes in the tower-^f the other, the ravings of King 
Lear. Wben all tbese recurred to my mind, wbicb tbe same 
instant caugbt tbe recollection of tbe features of bis late wife, 
wbora I could fancy I tben saw before me, I qould witb difßculty 
restrain my feelings. — " Ab, Sir !" I exdaimed, " your late e» 
cellent lady, now in tbe mansions of rest, was indeed an angel, if 
ever tbere was one on eartb, deservedly beloved by all wbo knew 
ber : bow kind sbe was to Ine !'*~" Yes, Naufragus ; but you 
saw comparatively little of ber. Had you been witb us oftener, 
you would bave bad reason to love ber still more : but, let me 
teU you, you would be equally impressed in favour of my pre- 
«ent wife, if you knew ber, or you would be difierent from all 
otber persons. As for me, God bas been pleased to make me 
bappy in tbis world; but my eartbly career is nearly terminated; 
and, wbenever be sball please to summon me away, be wiU, I 
trust, find me ready." • 

Tbus would tbis exceüent man apostropbize, and, at tbe same 
tdme, console me by bis friendly manner.— -'' I am anxious," be 
Said, '^ tQ get you reinstated in your employment, especially be- 


oaiue ycni. must fedi ydUr * Separation from your young wife » 
doub]e calamky. I will äo what I can^ Naufragus. Next Wed- 
nosd^ the q^estion will be brought forward^ dtid you may call 
upoa nie on Tliursday moniing/' 

I did 00^ but I.was doom^d to endure anotixer diflappointment. 
-«-<-'' It was^" Said tbe good man^ " a matter of itiapossibility : my 
ipt^i^eat is now> lflnd> qn tbe wane, Naufragu^;. I have tried^ 
but cannot ßuoce^d £öt yöu. Let me^ bowever, coojure you to 
perseyere ; -^ be «teady^ -— honest^ -Mindu8tdLou«j*-*aiid ccmscien- 
tiousl and Pwyiäer^ Mdll. one daj, mwn ym: virtue with 
il0 rowaid." GiVing me a bandful of bank-notes>.whieh I in yain 
attempted to e^tcuse myself from accepting^ be bade me facewell 
for tbe last time ; — ^in two years afterwards be wa9 an inbabitant 
of fuiotber wozld« 

I bad now to endure tbe greatest trials öf my ezisten^j tbe 
recital of wbicb if ould fill anotber volume. Hie reader may 
fbnti 0pme conoeption of tbem> by recalling to bis reeoHectioU 
tbe less f(»:tunate days of Peregrine Pickle^ of Tqpi Jones, 
or Qf tbe wortby Vicar of WaJc^eld's eldest son^ George. Af- 
ter allewing me to undergo an <»rdeal of two years' fuztber ex- 
P^rienoe of tbe " world," it pleased tbe same Providenoe wbio 
bad supported me in tbe wilds of Pulo-Penang, in storms ajb ßea, 
iü tbe ^ens of Hindoostan> among tbe pestilential aiiA of Butavia, 
and aiäid the tenyptations attending an association witb tbe 
^^ w(»id'' in Society^ to fix me^ at last> unaided in any way by s 
Single relfttion^ — in port^ wbere I fully tnist tbe remaining days 
of ,my teartbly career will be pa^sed in peace^ and in gratitude to 
Him wbo has provided a place of ^^ xest, for tbe sole of my feoty*" 
and to jfcbose friends who bave been tbe instrumenta in His banda 
o£ fulfilling bis pleasure. Satii^fied witb tbe experienoe I have 
^nedj l feel no wiab to see more-«-of tbe ^^ wobld !" 




It was not until a period of five years liad elapsed since mj ar- 
rival in England^ that my circumiTtancefl wottld admit of my en- 
tering into engagementfl tar the pafisagö of Vii^ma (o this fioun- 
tiy ^ wbicli conld not indeed be effected ander much less a som 
than one hundred pounds. At length^ however^ the desired ar- 
rangement was made^ änd she amired at Gravesend on the fburth 
of Januaxy^ 18^5. Her impressibn^ on first seeing London^ feil 
far Short of Ihe expactetions she had been led to entertain jof it. 
London^ she concluded^ was Uke Calcutta-- *a eity of pakees; 
how great then was her surprise to see the dull tinemhelMshed 
appearance of the houses^ whieh^ with the huiried step and gloomy 
loobs of the passengers^ made her think it the most dismal place 
she had erat 3ret seen^ düpecially as ^e was then a stranger to 
English comforts ! She aUo expressed her astonishment at the 
appaxent want of gallantiy in the men^ from the elbows of seve-* 
ral pf whom she had receired^ when waOdng the streets^ evi- 
dent testimonies of their being in a hurry. Qbjects of charity 
too were what she was entirely un^pared to see ; the idea of 
^ white h^ggars" never having once entered her imagination : 
to all who implored här assistance woüld she afford t^lief^ un« 
til^ having frequently found my door besbt by beggars;, I was 
compelled to put some restraint npon the fulfilment of her 
amiable intentions. The London cries likewise appeared Singu- 
lar to her: as her power of mimiciy Was always exceedingly 
good^ she nsed to'imilate them^ in order that I might explam 
the meaning of thcnoi to her; — ^t I was sometimes po^zled. 
One of the filrst was^ as she styled it»*'' Weep ! meep /" and 
one whieh I could hardly explain^ as she knew neither the use of 
a chimney^ nor the meaning of tlie woid. The watehman's 
gmnt— the fish-vender's call^ and many other " concords of sweet 
tounds/' whi<^ I understood not myself^ required explanation. 
The first appearance of saow and ice— the dresses of countr3rmen 
in smock-ftecks^ whom she designated by '' tbe big men in petti« 
eoats/* also surprised her : but> what more than any thing else^ 
the walk of the English ladies*^ who^ she remarked^ took 


• The promenade paee of the oriental ladies, 1b that of a light and langnid 
louDge; the nature of the dimate not admittiiig of a quick movemeDC. 


such miglity long strides^ and were so rapid withal, that 
they appeared like dragoons going to a fair. Custom having 
now leoondled her to all these things^ she seldom venu 
an expreasion of suiprise, unless perhaps on witnesding a 
chaise dmwn by dogs^ or the cats watching at the neighbour« 
in^ doorsj predsely at the hour when the meat-man goes his 

My parents^ who are at present in Wales^ have the prospect of 
attaining a good old age ; and I of en}03ring their society^ which 
pleasüre was denied me in my youth^ when indeed I most needed 
it, but could not so well have appreciated its value. My unde 
Barron I have not seen since his abandonment of me ; but I hear 
that he still lives to en^oy his almost boundless weahh^ althou^ 
at an advanced age. As for my excellent fiiends^ Lieutenants J. 
and R. Burjen^ in whose society I had at Madras enjoyed niany a 
happy and convivial hour^ I in vain endeavoured^ on my am?al in 
England^ to discover the place of their residence^ and hadj of neoes- 
sity^ abandoned it as hopeless. One evening, ho wever^ as I was seat- 
ed in the pit of Old Druiy^ marking with intense interest thb rapid 
transitions in the countenance of our inimitable Rosdus, Kean^ in 
his personific^tion of the mercenary Sir Giles> a noise in the gal- 
lery had caused me to tum my eyes from the stage; when, on 
again tuming round^ whose should they encounter but those of 
Lieutenants J. and R. Burjen, who having also been attracted hj 
the noise, were still looking towards the galläy. A more bap- 
py, or unlooked-for reoognition, never perhaps ensued among 
friends ; and the circumstance of their having a young lady un- 
der their protection, alone prevented our going home together, 
late as it was, to ^' see the moming in." Since this fortunate but 
Singular event, we occasionally enjoy each other's society at an 
English fireside, where we talk over our past adventures in tbe 
£ast. As for Bowers, he is still in India, seeking " the bubUe 
reputation even in the cannon's mouth." Harcourt feil a victim to 
the unhealthiness of the dimate of Bengal*, and lies buried in the 
churchyard of Chandemagore. Keys still resides at that Settlements 


• Tha dimate of Bengal csnnot be said to agree with the European oonsüttt- 
tion. It 18 obaenred, that pertons of cold and spare temperament ei^of ^^ 
health better thaa the robiHt and powerfiil, who soon fiül a pitj either toflux» 
djaentery, or fever» 


and ia likely to remain there to the end of bis days. Endtfield and 
Ba&et continue to live in the enjojment of tbat happiness wbich 
tbeir virtues both entitle and qualify them to enjoy ; and Moodoo- 
sooden Chetarjee^ and Thompson^ are still in Calcutta, doing re- 
inarkably well. - 

It may now be a natural question witb some of my readers, 
wbat was tbe pangnount Impression wbicb my mind received, on 
witnessing tbe various scenes and objects wbicb presented tbem- 
selves in tbe counse of my trayek and adventures; — ^wbat is tbe 
precise nature of tbe impressipn retained on my mind at tbe pre« 
sent day ? or, in otber words^ wbat bas been tbe result of my ex- 
peri6nce? In answer to tbe first question^ I reply witbout besi- 
tation^ tbat a feeling of indescribable admiration was tbe cbief 
sentiment of my mind^ on witnessing tbe awful sublimity^ as well 
as tbe endless variety^ of Nature's works^ wbetber animate or in- 
animate; and tbat tbe natural tendency of tbat admiration^ to 
dispose tbe mind to devotional feeling towards Hirn wbo created^ 
and govems ali^ produced on me its due effect. Secondly^ tbat 
tbis feeling is impressed on my mind witb a vividness and force 
never to be obliterated ; and consequently^ if I pronounce tbat 
to be tbe beneficial result of my eaqperience» it may not appear, 
in tbe view of many of my readers^— one of stnall price : but^ 
independently of all tbis, I bave been led to trace, and gratefuUy 
to acknowledgej tbe protection of an all-wise and beneficent Pro- 
videüce. Tbat tbe same fostering band may continue to extend 
to all its creatures tbe power of enjoyment in prosperity^ and its 
timely aid in extremity, and tbat all may be tbankful for tbe boon, 
is tbe fenrent bope and farewell of — Naupragus ! 



J. Darling, Printer, LeadenhalUStrect, London. 

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