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Full text of "A Romanized Dictionary in English and Hindustani Designed for the Use of Schools and for English ..."

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ROMiU^IZED DICTIONARY 

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ENGLISBP AND HINDUSTANI 



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ROMANIZED 



ENGLISH AND HINDUSTANI DICTIONARY 




ABBREVIATIONS EXPLAINED. 



^-<^--e<iJ 



n. noun; a. adjective; j9. pronoun; v. verb; acL adverb; pr. 
preposition; jr>a. participle; c. conjunction; int interjec- 
tion; d. dena"; h. bona; k. karna; r, rakhna; w. wula. 



A, angrezi J^riif-i-tahajji ka pahla 

liarf. dmdejinite article), (one) 

ok, koi^Ki, (j)er) fi. 
Aljai sanc^^ . salam, kornisb, tazim. 

Ion, r, clihor d.,.tark k. 
Abandoned, a. clihora liua, klianlb. 
Abandonment, n. tark, tyag. 
Abase, v. zalil k., be-qadr k., khwar k. 
Abasement, n^ tazlil, be-qadri, khwa- 

ri. 
Abash, V. sliarminda k.; gliabra d., 

arq-arq k. 
Abashed, a. shanninda, pasheman. 
Abate, v, ghatana, kam k., takhfif k., 

kam h., waze k. 
Abatement, n, ghatao, kami, takhfif. 
Abba, n. bap, abba, abii. 
Abbacy, n, khanqah ke mutwalli ka 
. Tihda. 
Abbess, n. auratlbn ki khanqah ki 

sardarin. 
Abbey, n, khanqah, math, sangat. 
Abbot, n. khanqah ka sardar, ma- 

hant. 
Abbreviate, v. mukh tasar k., ikhti- 

sar k., tlihota k. 
Abbreviation, w. ikhtisar; takhfif. 
Abdicate, v. chhor d., tark k., dar- 

gnzar k. 
Abdication, n. etizal, (of a throne^ 

tark-L-saltanat. 
iibdomen, w. pet, shikam. 




^^^^ 



ABO 



Aberration, n. gnmrahi. 
Abet, t\ madad d., ianat k. 
Abetment, n. ianat, madad. 
Abettor, n, mumid, muin. 
Abeyance, n. nmmed, tawaqquf. 
Abhor, y, nafrat k., makriili r., 

parhez k. 
Abliorrence, n, nafrat, karahiy at. 
Abide, v, rahna, mazbiit rakhna, bar- 

dasht k. 
Ability, n. qabiliyat, qudrat, istidad, 

'taqat, ^naqdiir. 
'Ab initio [L.] ad, shurii ee, abtadjt 

se. 
Abject, a. zalil, knmina, khwar. 
Abjectness, w. tazlil, zillat^ 
Abjuration, n. inkar ba-halaf; tark. 
Abjure, v. qasam par munkir li.; 

tark k. 
Ablative, a, (case) halat-i-mafiiliyat, " 

lejane w. 
Able, a. qabil, laiq; (to he) sakna, 

■qabil h. ( — bodied) taqatvar, ta- 

vtina. 
Ablocate, v. kira-e d., ijare d. 
Abluent, a, dhone kelaiq; saf dhola- 

hiia. 
Ablution, n. gusl, vrazii, ashnan. 
Ably, ad. umdngi se, khiibsiirati se. 
Abnormal, «.beqaida, khilaf-i-tariqa. 
Aboard, ad. jahtiz par sawar. 
Abode, n, ghar, makiin, maskan. 



Abduction, n, nikal lejana, bhaga l Abolish, ^^ m?i\?i^\y\lV., \«v.^\v-$.^^ 
l^>na. 1 villuid. 



A 



ABS 



ACC 



Abolition, n. mauqiifi, naskli. 
Abominable, a. maknih, karib. 
Abominate, v. nafrat k., makriili 

raklina. 
Abomination, n. karaliiyat, vabtll. 
Aborigines, n, kisi mulk k;e. qaim 

bashinde. 
Abortion, n, isqat-i-haml, pet girana. 
Abortive, a. be-waqt, be-faida, laha- 

sil. 
Abound, v. kasir li., ziyadati se h. 
About, ad. qarib, iiazdik, aspas; 

(all about) charon-tarf; (quantitij) 

anqarib, takhminan; (concerning) 

bi'ibat, darbara. 
Above, y)r. lipar; ziyada, siva, alawa, 

(one above another) ek-par-ek, tale 

lipar, f'above all) sabse palile; 

(aba Lie-mentioned) mazkiira-i-bala, 

namburda. 
Abracadabra, n, juri ka taviz ya 

m;intra. 
Abrade, v, ragarna, gliisna. 
Abreast, ad, sina-ba-sina, barabar. 
Abridge, v, muklitasar k., ikUtisar k., 

kam k. 
Abridgment, n, iklitisar, kbulasa. 
Abroad, ad, babar, gair mulk men. 
Abrogate, v. mauqiif k., mansiikb k. 
Abrogation, n, naskh, mauqiifi. 
Abrupt, a, nahamwar, linch uiclia; 

gustakh. 
Abruptly, ad, ekaek, nagah, be- 

mauqa, badtamizi-se. 
Abruptness, n. uj-lat. 
Abscess, 71, pliora, dumbal. 
Abscind, v, katdalna. 
Abscond, v, riiposli h., chliip rahna, 

bliagna. 
Absence, n, gair haziri, adam-mau- 

jiidagi. 
Absent, a. gair-hazir, ga(d), ( — }nind' 

ed) aur taraf nutawajjih. 
Absolute, a, khud-mukhtar, tamam; 

kamal. 
Absolutely, ad, mutlaqan, kbud- 

mukhtari se. 
Absoluteness, n, klmd-muklitari. 
Absolution, n, najat, khalasi. 
Absolve, V, muaf k., bakhslma, bari k. 
Absonant, a, khilaf. 
Absorb^ v. pina, jazb k., sokhna. 



Absorption, ?i. jazb pina; mahwiyat. 
Abstain, v, parliez k., baz ana, dasc 

bardar li. 
Abstemious, a, parbezgar, kam khor, 

muttaqi.* 
Absterse, v, mitana, saf k. 
Abstinence, n. parliezgari, kamkhori. 
Abstract, n, ikbiisar, kbulasa; (idea) 

kbiirij.. 
Abstract, v, lejana, nikalna; jud4k.; 

kbulasa, yii iklitisar k. 
Abstraction, n judai ; gaur, tasaw- 

wur. 
Abstruse, a. mushkil, daqiq, bariL 
Abstruseness, n. diqqat ; diisliTvari' 
Absurd, a, be-hiida, be-mani, vahi-' 

yat, mubmal. 
Absurdity, n. bebiidagi, kliurafat. 
Absurdncss, n. beliiidagi. 
Abundance, n. afzaisb, ifrat, zeyadti. 
Abundant, a. bahut, be-sliumar, ka- 
sir. 
Abuse, n. gali, dushnam, beja kam 

men lana. 
Abuse, r. gali d. ; bad suluki k. 
Abusive, a. bad-zaban, zaban-daraz. 
Abut, V. kbatm h., muUiaq h. 
Abyss, n. qar'; galirao, limq. 
Acacia, n. aqaqiya, babiil. 
Academical, a. mutaaliqi madrasa, 

ya hikmat-i-Falatun. 
Academy, w. madrasa, maktab. ' 
Accede, v. razi h., qubiil k. 
Accelerate, v. jaldi k., tez cbalana. 
Acceleration, n. jaldi, tezi-i-harkat.' 
Accent, v. talaftuz ka nisban, talafi 

fuz, labja. 
Accent, v. talaffuz k., hijj e k. [ 

Accentuation, n. talaffuz k., nisban di 
Accept, V. qubiil k.; lena; (a bill) 

sakax'na. 
Acceptable, a. pasandida, khiib, 

limda. 
Acceptance, n. pasand, qubdl. 
Acceptation, n. qubiil; fahwae-ka* 

lam. 
Access, n. daklil, rasai, guzar. 
Accessible, a. qabil-i-rasai, mumkiiu 
*nd-dukbiil. 
Acc»^ssion, n, juliis, masnad-nashi 

ni, ziyadati. 
Accessory, n. rafiq satlii, sHarik* 



ACC 



ACR 



Accidence, n. amadnama, kitab-i- 

qawaid-i-zaban. 
Accident, n. ittifaq, vardat, majra; 

chot, zarb. 
Accidental, a. ittifaqi, nagabaai, 

gaibi. 
Accidentally, ad, ittifaqan, yakilyak. 
Acclamation, n, shabashi; afrin, tab- 
sin. 
Acclivity, n, pahar-ki charbai. 
Accommodate, v. muwafiq k., mnta- 

biq k., zunirat mubayya k. 
Accommodation, 7i. munasibat, mu- 

wafiqat, sulali; ziiriiriyat-i-makan. 
'Accompany, v, bamrah b,, &liarik b. 
.Accomplice, n. rafiq, sbarik. 
Accomplisb, i?. tamam k., bajalan^, 

nibabna. [laiq. 

Accomplished, a. tamam bna; kamil. 
Accomplishment, n, tamami, ikhti- 

tam, hianar, qabiliyat. 
Accord,, n. mnafiqat, razamandi (of 

one^s own accord) aphi-ap, khud 

ba-khnd. 
' Accord, v. mntabiq h., eksan h., 

barabar k. 
Accordance, n, miitabaqat, mel. 
Accordant, a. mnwafiq, mntabiq, 
* According to, pi\ muwafiq, mutabiq, 

hasb, ba-miijib. 
Accordingly, ad. nske muwafiq. 
Accost, V, salam k., mntakallim h. 
Account, n, hisab; hal, bayan ; qadr; 

(on account of) babat; bais, jib at, 

khatir, ( — hook) bahi khata. 
Account, V, ginna, sbumar k.; (ac- 

count for) samjhana, sabab bat- 
tana. 
Accoun table, a, tiiubasiba-dar, ja- 

wabdib, zamin. 
Accountant, n, muhasib, hisab-naTis. 
Accoutre, v, sajna, musallah k. 
Accoutrement, w. saz-o-saman, libas, 

poshak. 
Accretion, n, ziyadati, barhti^ 
Accrual, n, paidaish, zuhiir. 
Accrue, v. faida h., basil h., ana, 

bona. ^ • 

Accumulate, v, jama k.,- faraham k. 
Accumulation, n, jama, ijtima, dber, 

tiida. 
Accuracj, n. dunisii^ sihhat. 



Accurate, a. durust, sahili, thik. 
Accurately, ad, silihat se, durusti se» 
Accursed, a, malaiin, mardiid, mut- 

tabim. 
Accusation, n. tuhmat, ilzam. 
Accusative, a. ittibam d. w. 
Accuse, V, tuhmat lagana, mulzim 

k.; shikayat k., nalisb k. 
Accustom,. V. adat k.^ rabt k., istimal 

k.; sikblana,^ adi h. 
Accustomed, a, adi, kbii-gar. 
Ace, n. ganjife ya tash ka ekka^ (of 

dice) pau. 
Acerbity, n, turshi, rnkhai^ 
Ache, n, dard, ranj. 
Ache, V. dard h., pinina. 
Achieve, v, karna, basil k., pana. 
Achievement, 7i, kar-i-azini, muhim» 
Acid, a. khatta, turvsh. 
Acid, n, khatti chiz, khatai. 
Acidity, n, khatai, turshi. 
Acidulate, v. khatta ya tnrsh Ik, 
Acknowledge, v. iqrar k.; qu'bnl k. 
Acknowledgment, n. iqnir, qubiil, 

itiraf, rasid, shukr-guzari. 
Acme, n, auj, darja-i-ala. 
Acorn, 7i. baliit ka phal. 
Acoustics, n. ilm-i-sant, avaz ka ilm. 
Acquaint, a. ittila d., khabar d. 
Acquaintance, n, mulaqati, shinasai; 

waqifiyat. 
Acquainted, a, waqif, agah. 
Acquiesce, v. razi h.; qubiil k. 
Acquiescence, n. razamandi, man- 

ziiri. 
Acquire, t?. pana, basil k^ tahsil k. 
Acquirement, n, tahsil ; hunar. 
Acquisition, n, tahsil, hasiil. 
Acquit, V, be-gunab thahrana, bari 

k., nibali k. 
Acquittal, n, safai, bariyat. 
Acquittance, n. fai-ig khati. 
Acre, n. ekar, ek bigha, barah bis- 

wah. 
Acrid, a. charpard, tez, talkh. 
Aciimony, n, tez ; durushti, char- 

parahat. 
'Across, ad. arpar, warpar. 
Acrostic, n. vuhnazm jiske ashar ke 
huriif-i-ibtidai se kisi ka nam 
paida Ixaik \\o \ ^\i^ xv'^7rKv '-^'^-^svsi^ 



ADH 



ADO 



Act, w. kam, kax ; qarnin, ckat. 
Act, V. karna, anial k. ; naql k^ } har- 

kat k., asur k< 
Action, n. kam, amal ; larai, Jang ; 

nalish ; liarakat. 
Actionable, a. qabil-i-nalish. 
Active, a. chaliik, chust, tez-dast* 
Activity, n. chalaki, chugti* 
Actor, n. kamc-wala, fail ; fiaqqal; 

bhand. 
Actress, w* aaqqjilin. 
Actual, a. asli, fiWiaqiqat, tliik, 

rast. 

Actually, ad. dar-haqiqat^ bajinsihi* 
Actuate, v. hark at d., tahrik k-, 

ubhania. 
Acumen, n, firasat^ tezi, zuka* 
AcutCy aT tez, shadid, tez-falim, 

zahin. 
Acutene^s, w. tezi, sakhti, shiddat, 

tez-fahmi, jaulaaii. 
Adage, n. niasal, maqiila, kaliawat* 
Adamant, n. hira, almas ; nihayat 

sakht pattliai*. 
Adamantine, a. nihayat sakht. 
Adapt, V. muwafiq k., munasib k*, 

durust k. 
Adaptation, n. muwafiqat, munasib. 
Adaption, n. thik, uluwaiiqat. 
Add, V, miliina, jorna, izafa k.; 

mizan d. 
Addendum, pL addenda, w. tatimma, 

zamima. 
Adder, n, afai, zahardar sanp. 
Addice, n, basiila, kulliiiri. 
Addict, V. khii dalna, adi h. . 
Addicted, a. adi, khiigar. 
Addition, n. izafa, mizan ; laqab* 
Additional, a. ziyada mazid. 
Addle, a. ganda, kharab. 
Address, n. arzi, darkhwast ; patta, 

sarnama,^ alqab ; saliqa, andaz. 
Address, v. mukhatib h., darlj:hwast- 

k., sarnama-likhna. 
Addressee, n. maktub elaih. 
Adduce, v, batlana, pesh k. 
Adequacy, n. iktifa. 
Adequate, a. muwafiq, laiq, kafi. 
Adequateness, n, muwafaqat, kifayat. 
Adhere, v. paiwasta h., chipakna ; 
qaim r. [qadami. 

Adherence, n. rifaqat, wafadari, sabit- 



Adherent, n. rafiq, sathi, wabasta-r 
Adherent, a. paiwasta, chipka hua- 
Adhesion, w. paiwastagi. 
Adhesive, a. lasdiir, chaspani. 
Adjacent, a. muttasil, qarife, nazdik 
Adjective, n. sifat, ism-i-sifat. 
Adieu, w. alwida, khuda hafiz. 
Adjoin, V. mila h*, muttasil h. 
Adjoining, a. muttasil, qarib ; lagJ 

hua, mila hua* 
Adjourn, v. mauqiif k., mulatvi r. 
Adjournment, w. iltiva, mauqiifi. 
Adjudge, V. tahqiqat karke hukni d* 

faisal k. 
Adjudicate, v. hukm d., faisal k^. 

tajviz k. 
Adjunct, w.jochiz ek ke siith jari 

hui ho, mulhaq. 
Adjtlre, v. qasam khilana. 
Adjuration, n. qasam khilana ; 

qasam. 
Adjust, V. durust k*, thik k. ; faisla 

k., rafa k. 
Adjustment, n. durusti, tartib/ faisla. 
Adjutant, n. fauj, ka ek afsar, ajitan.. 
Adjutor, n. madadgar. 
Administer, v. dena, haktimat k., in- 

tizam k- ; adalat k-, {an oath) 

halaf d. 
Administration, w. hakiimat ; liifa- 

zat, sarbarahkari. 
Administrator, n. sarbarah ; vasi. 
Admirable, a. ajib, nadir, garib. 
Admirably, ad. ajib, tarah-se; kliiib. 
Admiral, n. mir-ul-bahr, jahazi fauj 

ka jar nail. 
Admiration, n, taajjnb. 
Admire, v. taajjnb k., mutaajjib h.; 

ashiq h.; tarif k. 
Admissible, ad, qabil-i-manziiri, wa- 

jibi. 
Admission, n, dakliul, dakhl, rasai; 

bharti. 
Admit, V, dakhl d., ane d., qabiil k., 

man lena* 
Admonish, v, nasihat k.; tambih k., 

»anj}haiia. 
Admonition, w. nasihat, pand, tam- 
*bih. 

Ado, n, davadavish, tag dau, taklif. 
Adolescence, n. buliig, barhne ki 

halat, shabab. 



■i 



''^ ■^•'^1 Adopt, V. lelena, iklitiyar k., amal 
^^^•f mm lana; mutabanna k., rasbai- 
fUna. 
Adopted, a. (son) mutabanna, ikh- 
^'^f tiyar kiya hiia. 

Adoption, n. god-lena, tabanni ; akhz, 
fthtiyar. 

. 7 i' Adoptive, a. f parents) dharam ke 
ma bap. 
Adoration, n, ibadat, parastisb ; ishq. 
Adore, v. piVjna, parastisli k., niba- 
,■ yat chahna. 

Adom, V. araish k., arasta k., ze- 
. ■ bjtisli den a, zinat d. 
" Adrift, ad, bahta bua, baba-baha- 
,. phirta bua. 

y Adroit^ a chalak, tez-dast, tez-fabm, 
f Adroitness, n. cbaljiki, tezi, amadagi. 
Adulation, n. kbusliamad, cbaplusi. 
Adulatory, a. kbusbamad amez. 
Adult, n, balig, jawan. 
Adulterate, v, naqiscLizon se ame- 
zish k., kharab cbizen niilana, 
mel k. [mel. 

Adulteration, n. kbonta k., amezibb, 
Adulterer, n. zinakar, fasiq. 
Adulteress, n. cbbinal, fabislia, za- 

niya. 
Adulterous, a, ziuakar. 
Adultery, w. zind, zinakari, baram 
Kari. [na. 

Adumbrate, r. halkisi taswir kliincb- 
Advance, v, agejana, barhna, taraq- 
qi k. ; barhana, izhar k., (inoney) 
peshgi d. 
Advance, n, pesh-qadami ; pesbgi ; 

barbao, taraqqi ; {guard) bikat. 
Advancement, n. tarqqi auj. 
Advantage, n, faida, nafa; fursat, 

qabii, fatab, gal aba. 
Advantageous, a. mufid, faidamand. 
Advantageously, ad. faide se. 
Advent, n, Masih ki-paidaisb-ka- 

waqt ; dmad. 
Adventitious, a. ijtifaqi, nagabani, 

arizi. 
Adventure, n, majra, badisa; jokhim; 

tijarat. 
Adventurer, n, qismat azma. 
Adverb, n, ism-i-zarf, harf-i-tamizi, 
{of place) zarf-i-makan {of time) 
zarf-i-zamag. 



Adversary, n. dushman, mukbalif. 
Adverse, a. mukbalif, bar-aks, ulta. 
Adversity, n, taklif, musibat, idban 
Advert, v. mukbatib ya mutawaj- 

jeli b.; lihaz k. 
Advertisement, n. isbtihar. 
Advertize, v. isbtibar k., sbaya k- 
Advice, n. nasihat, maslahat; kba- 
" bar, ittila. 
Advisable, a. maqiil, munasib, wajib. 
Advise, a. salah d., maslahat d.; 

ittila d. 
Advised, a. bosliiyar, maqiil. 
Adviser, n. nasib, salab-kar. 
Advocacy, n, vektilat. 
Adocate, n. vakil; sbafi, bami. 
Adze, n. basiila, tesba. 
Aerial, a. hawai, asmani; buland. 
Aeriform, a. bawa sa, ya uski kai- 

fiyat ka. 
Aerolite, oi, sbaliab, sbabab-i-saqib. 
Aerology, n, bayaii-i-bawa, ilm-i- 

bawa. 
Aeronaut, n, bawarau, gubbare par 

jane-wala. 
Afar, ad. baid, diir, balmt diir se. 
Affability, n. kbush akblaqi murav- 

vat; mulai-mat. 
Affable, a. kbtisb atwar, bamurav- 

vat, miilaim. 
Affair, n. kam, kar, muamla, majra. 
Affect, V, asar k., ranjidia k., sbaiq h. 

tajalml k., banna, ikhtiyar k. 
Affectation, n, taqlid, makr; nakbra,, 

zabir dari. 
Affected, a. ranjida, maliil. 
Affecting, pa. dilsoz, riqqat an<rez. 
Affectionate, a. ulfati, saliib-i-mu- 

babbat, sbafiq. 
xiffectionately, ad. mubabbatana, 

sbafaqat se, piyar se. 
Affiance, n. nisbat mangni. 
Affidavit, n. iqrar-i-balafi. 
Affinity, n. nisbat, munasibat, risb- 

tadari. 
Affirm, V. iqrar k., kabna. 
Affirmation, n. iqrar, isbat, qaul. 
Affirmative, a. iqrari, musbit. 
Affix, V. paiwasta k., lagana, joma. 
Afflict, V. ranjida k., iza d., satatia. 
Afflicted, a. ranjida, ^"jvxsir^'^ik., ^iSs.- 
^ gir, magnmm. 



AGG 



AIM 



Affliction, n. ranj, tasdia, taklif, azi- 

yat. 
Affluence, n. daulat, tawangari, asu- 

da liali, farig-ul ball. 
Affluent, a. daulat-mand, tawangar, 

kliusli lial. 
Afflux, n. jo kisi jagali ki taraf 

bahta ho; baliiio. 
Afford, V. dena, de-sakna, dastras 

h.; kharch karsakna. 
Afforest, v, zamin ko jangal kar 

dalna. 
Affray, n. hangama, danga. 
Affriglit, V. darana, dahsliat d. 
Affront, V. be-adabik.; kbafifk., be- 

izzat k. 
Affront, n. kliiffat, zillat, be-izzati. 
Afloat, ad.hahi'ky tairta, utrata. 
Afoot, ad. piyada paon paorj. 
Afore, 2)r, pahle, age, sabiq men. 
Aforenamed, aforesaid, a. mazkiira- 

i-bala. 
Afraid, a. darta, dabshat zada. 
Afresh, ad, az-sare-nau, nac-sir se, 

pbir. 
After, j?r. picbhc, darpai, bad; (after 

all) akbirasb; mutabiq. 
Afterlife, n. uqba, aqibat. 
Afternoon, n, sipahar, bad, do-paliar- 

ke-sham tak. 
Afterthought, n. pasfikri, pasande- 

shi. 
Afterward, afterwards, ad, bad iske, 

akhir ko. 
Again, ad. phir, dobarah ; (as much 

again) utnahi aur, duchand ; 

(again and again) bar-bar. 
Against, ^?r. khilaf, baraks; samne. 
Agape, ad. shauq-ya-ta ajjub sc 

dekhta hua. 
Agate, n. yashb, sang-i-sulaimani. 
Age, n. umr, sin-o-sal; jug. 
Aged, a. buddlia, pir, sin-rasida. 
Agency, n. failiyat, gumash-tagi, ka- 

rindgi, m akan-i -arh at. 
Agent, n. guraaslita, karinda; fail. 
Agglutinate, v. sarcsh ya lase se 

joma; 
Aggrandize, v. barbana, buzurg k. 
Aggrandizement, n. sarfrazi, azmat. 
Aggravate, v. ziyada k., bad- tar k. 
Aggravation, n. zijudati. 



Aggregate, n. majmiia, jumla. 
Aggregate, v, jama k., ekattha k. 
Aggression, w. chher, zabardasti, 

pesh-qadmi. 
Aggressive, a. pahle-clihernewala. 
Aggrieve, r. satana, nuqsan k, 

tang k. 
Aghast, a. dahshat-zada, mutahai' 

yar, bhau chakka. 
Agile, a. chust, chalak, tez. 
Agility, 71. chusti, chalaki. 
Agitate, v. hilana, harkat d., gbafe- 

rana, hairiin k^ 
Agitated, a. muztarab, beqarar. 
Agitation, n. harakat, jumbisli; 

ghabraliat, hainini. 
Agnate, n, rislitadar, bap ki taraf le 

rishtadar. 
Agnatic, a, abai. 

Ago, ad, guzashta, guzre hue, age. 
Agoing, im, chalta hua, harakat 

men. 
Agony, 71. jankan dani, hal-i-naza. 
Agrarian, a. zamin ya kashtkari se 

mutaalliq. 
Agree, v. razi h., qubiil k., muwafiq 

h., milna. 
Agreeable, a. pasandida, dilpasand? 

muwafiq, mutabiq. 
Agreeably, ad, khushi se; mutabiq^ 

bamujib. 
Agreement, n, ittifaq, muwafiqatj 

sh art, ah d ; . i qrar-n am a. 
Agriculture, 7i. kisht kari, ziraat. 
Agriculturist, n. kasht-kdr, kisan. 
Aground, ad, zamin-par, ara hua. 
Ague, n, tap-i-larza, jiiri. 
Ague-spell, a. juri dur-karne ke 

totka. 
Ah, int. ah; wae, hae. 
Aha, int, vah-vah, shdbash. 
Ahead, ad, age, agii. 
Aid, 71. madad, ydwari, dastgiri. 
Aid, V, madad d., dastgiri k. 
Aid-de-camp, n, sipah-salar kahukm* 

lejane wale; musahib. 
Ail, V, dard h., iza h., ranjida h,, 

taklif d. 
Afling, a. bimdr, manda. 
Ailment, n, bimari; taklif. 
Aim, Vi shistbai}dhna, fjzm k., (]^a»^ 

k., irada k. 



ALI 



ALL 



i. sliist, nishan; qasd, irada. 
. liawii; nagnui, dluin; waz?, 
; (to take air) slinlirat h, 
Lawa kliilana, dliiip d. 
ilt, a. be bmiijad, kliiyali* 
m, n. banduq jismen hawti ke 
se goli chalti hai, 
•, n. sair, hawa kliori. 
imp, 'n. hawa nikalue ki kal. 
^lit, a. jismen hawa-na jasake. 
a, hawadar, hawai; buland, 
-ik, pucli; rarigila. 
n. girjc ke aiidar ka rasta. 
a, rishtadiir, qarib; muwafiq, 
ster, n. ek qism ka sang-i- 
mar. 

, ini, hae, afsos, haif. 
-a-day, int, liae-liae, haif-sad 
, bae afsos. 

ty, n, kbusbi, bashshasbi ; 
aki. 

, V, daninii, takbwif k., cbaun- 
i, gbjirana; boshiyar k. 
, n. dar, kbauf; boshiyar ho- 
) ki kbabar; gaiiga, bullar. 
iiig, a. dalisbat-iuik, baul-iiak. 
Int. ab, afsos, bae-bae. 
, ad, agarcbi, garcbi. 
>, n. \Yub ad mi ya jaiiwar jiska 
m kbilqi safed bo. 
I, 71, kbas luitb ke navisbton 
laql ya jama karne ki kitab. 
nist, n. kimiya-gai*. 
iiv, n, ihn-i-kimiya. 
)1, n, kubl, pliiil sbarab. 
5, n. kbilwat-kbana; taq. 
ek per ka nam. 

aan, n, Inglistan men hakim- 
ibr. 

. boza, bir- sbarab ki qism. 
ic, n. qarambiq, bbabka. 
a. cbalak, cbaukas, liosbiyar. 
ess, n. clialiiki, bosliiyari. 
*a, n, jabr-o-muqabala^ bij- 
ta. 

ad, lirf. 

n, jab an aur jiswaqt kisine 
jurm kiya bo uswaqt waban 
11 nmnjiidgi ka uzr. 
a, began a, ajnabi, gair. 
te, V, aliibida k., muntaqil k. ; 



Alienation, n, abibidagi, j'ulai; iuti- 

qal-i-jaedad. 
Aligbt, V, ntanui, nazil b. 
Alike, a. barabar, eksan, musbabib. 



waisa. 



xiliment, n, kbana, kbiirak, taam, 

giza. 
Alimentary, a. kbaneka, muqavvi. 
Alimony, n, nan-o-nafqa iis anrat 

ka jo apne sbausbar se alag bo jae. 
Alive, a. jita, zinda; cbalak, agab. 
Alkali, n. jawa kbar, sajji. 
All, a, sab, sara, tamam, kul; (all 

at once) eka ek; (all alone) tane 

tanba; (all in all) kullan; (all 

along) pabih^se, barabar; (at all ) 

kucbb bbi; (on all fours) cbaro 

pairon se. 
, Allay, V. tbanda k., aram d., kam k., 

takbfif k. [uzr. 

Allegation, n, qanl, bujjat; dawa, 
Allege, V, kabna, iqrar k. 
Allegiance, n farnuin bardari, wafa- 

dari, itaat. 
Allegory, n, tamsil, istiara, mnjaz. 
Allegorical, a, tamsili, niajazi. 
Alleviate, v, tbauda k., takbfif k., 

kam k. 
Alleviation, n, takbfif, taskin. 
Alley, n, bagmen rasta, kucba. 
Alliance, v, abd-o-painman, dosti, 

qarabat, risbta. 
Alligator, n, magar, gbariyal. 
Alliteration, n, sanat-i-saja, an upas, 

tajnis. 
Alliterative, a, musajja. 
All-knowing, a, {ilim, sab-janne wald. 
Allot, V, bantna, bissa d. 
Allotment, n, bissa d. 
Allow, V, ijazat d., riava r., qabiil k., 

mujra d. 
Allowable, a, rava, wajib, jaiz. 
Allowance, n, bissa ; tankbaub ; 

ratib, kbilrak. 
Allowed, a, lae(|-i-ijazat, wajibi. 
Alloy, n. amezisb ; kbota dbat. 
Alloy, V, amezisb k., mil an a, kbota k. 
All-seeing, a, bama bin, nazir-i- 

mutlaq. 
Allude, V, kinaya k., isbara k. 
Allure, V. ^\YaA'o.\v^>> ^^«Kx^'i^2v^?^^> 
^ iare\) Oi. 



ALT 



8 



AME 



Allurement, ?i. fareb, targib ; plius- 

lane-wali-chiz. 
Allusion, n. kintija, isbara. 
Allusive, a. ishara kame-wala, muta- 

alliq. 
Alluvion, n. daiya barar. 
Ally, n, rafiq, sathi, dost. 
Almanac, n. taqvim, jantri, patra. 
Almighty, n. Allab-taala, Haq-taala, 

Qadirmutlaq. 
Almond, n. badara. 
Almoner, n. muhtamim-i-khairat. 
Almonry, n. khairat-khana ; bara. 
Almost, ad, qarib, anqarib, nazdik. 
Alms, n. kliairat, zakat, bliikh. 
Almsgiving, n. kliairat, pun. 
Alms-housc, n, kliairat khana, dbarm 

slnila. 
Aloes, n. elwa, musabbar; (wood) ud, 

agar. 
Aloft, n. linclic par. 
Alone, ad, akela, tanha, jarida, sirf ; 

{to let alone) cliliorna, jane d. 
Along, ad. (along with) sath, liam- 

nili, saniet^ mae ; lam ban men ; 

(all along) barabar. 
Aloof, ad. diir, baid ; alag, alahida. 
Aloud, ad. chillake, buland awaz-se, 

zor-se. 
Alphabet, n. alif-be, huriif-i-tahajji, 

kakahra. 
Alphabetical, a. radif war. 
Already, ad. abhi, isi waqt; pahle se. 
Also, ad. bhi, aur, niz. 
Altar, n. qurban-gah. 
Alter, V. badalna, tabdil k., badal- 

jana. 
Alterable^ a. badalne-ke-qabil, mum- 

kin-ut-tabdil. 
Alteration, n. tabdil, tagayyur, ba- 

daliui. 
Altercation, n. takrar, hujjat; jhagra, 

bakhera. 
Alternate, a, ek-lte bad diisra, bari- 

bari-ka, banaubat. 
Alternately, ad. bari-bari-se, ek Ve 

bad-diisra. 
Alternative, n. do chizon men se ek- 

ke qabiil karne ka ikhtiyar ; chahra, 
'^ siirat. 

Although, c. agarchi, harchand ki. 
Altitude, 71. bulandi, unchai, irtefa. 



Altogether, ad. sab-same t, bil-kul. 
Alum, n. phitkiri, zaj-i-safaid. 
Alumnus, (pi, alumni), n. talib-ul- 

ilm-darjaiala. [dam. 

Always, ad. hamesha, harwaqt, bar- 
Am, V. (main) hiin. 
Amain, ad. zor-se, bashiddat jald. 
Amalgam, n, qalai. 
Amalgamate, v, milana, sharik k. 
Amalgamation, n. milana, ijtinui. 
Amateur, a. kisi fan ka shaiq ; atai. 
Amanuensis, n. muharrir, katib, imla- 

navis. 
Amass, r. faraham k., jamak., jorna. 
Amatqry, a. ishq-angez. 
Amaze, v. mutaajjib k., hainin Ic, 

ghabrana. 
Amazement^ n. taajjub, hairat, gliab- 

rtihat. 
Amazingly, ad. ajib tarah se ; nilui- 

yat, bahut. 
Amazon, n. jangi aurat, taqatwar 

aurat. 
Ambages, n. pechida kalam, pher ki 

guft-gii. 
Ambassador, n. elchi, paigambar. 
Amber, n. kahruba. 
Ambient, a. gher-ne-wala, gird rah- 

ne-wald. 
Ambiguity, n. do mani, pech ; muga- 

latai-lafzi. 
Ambiguous, n, masliKiik, zii-mani, 

mushtabah. 
Ambit, n. kisi chiz ka halqa ya 

daera. 
Ambition, n. himmat, hausila, bu- 

land-hausilagi, khwahish. 
Ambitious, a. himmati ; hausila- 

mand. 
Amble, v. qadam chalna. 
Ambrosia, n. amrit. 
Ambrosial, a. khush-bii dar, maza- 

dar. 
Ambuscade, I n. kamin, kamin 
Ambush, ( gah, ghat-ki-jagah. 
Ameliorate, v. bihtari k., tarqqi k. 
Amelioration, n. bihtari, taraqqi, 

bihbiidi. 
Amen, ad. amin. 
Amenable, a. zer-i-amal, jawab-dih, 

muhasibadar. [mini k. 

Amend, v, durust k., islah k., tar- 



ANA 



9 



ANI 



Amendment, n. durusti, islali, tas- 

hih ; tarmim. 
Amends, n. jaza, mokafat, badla. 
Amenity, ?i.'kliubi, umdagi. 
Amerce, v. jurmana k. 
Amethyst, n. yaqiit. 
Amiable, a. hardil-aziz, malibiib nek- 

niliad. [bakhti. 

Amiability, «. khubi, shaistagi, nek- 
Amicable, a. nek kliwah; dostdar, 

sulh-andesb. 
Amicably, ad. dosti se, dostana, 

kliiibi se. 
Amid, ) 1, ' 1 J ' 

Amidst, I P^- ''^•'•'' danmyau. 

Amiss, a. galat, kharab. 
Amity, «. dosti, liel-meL 
Ammunition^ n. bartit, goli, asbab-i- 

jang. 
Amnesty, n. muaf-nama, iiman- 

nama; muafi, afu. 

Amongst, } i^- Wch,.darmiyan. 

Amoret, n. ashiq, Imsn-parast. 
Amorous, a. ashiq-mizaj, ishq baz. 
Amount^ v.. bona, ana, pahuchna- 
Amount, n, jama, jumla, tadid, 

miublag. 
Amphibious, a. do unsari,^aimn par' 

aur pani men rahne wi,!a. 
Ample, a. bara, choura, vasi, bahut. 
Ampleness, n. vasat, ohjiurai. 
Amplify, barhana, tul tivil k. 
Amply, ad. kasratjj^-igtjij^e. 

Amputate, v. '*^^^Sfc^¥^^^> 1^ 

qalam k. ^. ■ 
Amputation, ^>'^ftil4 kfit dalna 

qata-i-azva. ^ 
Amulet, n. taviz. 

Amuse, v. bahlana, f ofrih d., kliush k. 
Amusement, w.tamash*, kliel, tafrih. 
Amusing, a. dil cliasj>. 
An, {indefinite article), elc, koi. 
Anachronism, n. ikhtiltf-i-waqt, ta- 

rikh ki galati. 
Anagram, n. wuji sftniit jisse kisi 

lafts ke huriif kj6 tarkib dekar am- 

lafz banaen : tilirif. 
Analogy, n. mashibahrffc^ nisbat^ 

qarina. \ 

i AnaloK) '^'¥^'^^^' muwafiq. 



Analysis, n. tafriq, tafsil, taqsim. 
Analytical, a. hasb-i-tariqa-i-tafriq. 
Analyze, v. tafriq k., tafsil k. 
Ananas, n. annannas. 
Anarchy, n. bad amli, bad-intizami, 

hangama. 
Anasarca, n. istlsqa, jalandhar. 
Anathema, n. lanat-i-mazhabi. 
Anatomist, n. ilm-i-tashrih ka alim. 
Anatomy, n. ilm-i-tashrili-i-jism. 
Ancestral^ a. abai, jaddi. 
Ancestor, n. jadd, buzurg, purkha. 
Anchor, n. langar, (to weigh anchor) 

langar dalna. 
Anchorage, n. langargah ; langar ka 

mails dl. ;[faqir. 

Anchoret, n. gosha nishin zahid. 
Ancient, a. qadim, peshin, derina, 

purana, biirha. 
Ancfents, n. muta qaddamin, sabiqin. 
Ancillaiy, a. mumidd, muavin. 
And, von. aur, wa. 
Anecdote^ n, dastan, qissa, naql. 
Anent, pr. bah at, nisbat. 
Aajjel, n. farishta^malak; {of death) 

mal ak-ul-mau t. 
Angelical, a. farishton se mutaalliq; 

(a ivoman) pari, hiir. 
Anger, n. gussa, khafagl, khashm. 
Angle, n, gosha, kona zavjya. 
Angle, n. {right angle) zayiya-i- 
■ qaima; {acute angle) zaviy-i-hadda; 

{obtuse angle) zaviyar-i-munfarija; 

{of the eye) kor ; (fishing tackle) • 

kati-ya. 
Anglo, V. bansi lagana, mac.libli 

phansana. 
Anglican, a. angrezi. 
Anglicism, n. angrezi-zaJ>an ka 

muhawara. 
Angrily, ad. gusse se, Idiafa hokar. 
Angry, a. khafa, khashm-nak, garm. 
Anguish, n. azab, iza, aziyat, alam. 
Angular, a. konedar, gosha-dar, nok 

dar. 
Anhelation, w. haphna, tanaffus ba*. 

diqqat h. 
Anile, a. buddhi, natawan, majhiil. 
Animadversion, n. zikr, inalamat, 

tadib, tambili. 
AnimadveTt, -c. l^-LVvt^V., \vsjx\ '^x 

li 



AND 



10 



ANT 



Animal, n. janwar, haiwan; (rational) 

haiwan-i-natiq ; (irrational) hai- 

wan-i-mutlaq. 
Animal, a. haiwani ; (heat) hararat- 

i-gharizi. 
Animalcule, n. kira makora. 
Animate, v. jilana, zinda k., him- 

matbandhwana, dileri d., lalkama. 
Animate, a. zanda, ajita. 
Animation, n. zindagi, jandari, chd- 

laki, zinda-dili, dileri. 
Animosity, v, kina, kliusiimat, ada- 

wat. 
Animus, n. irada. 
Anise, w. saunf, badiyan. 
Ankle, n. takbna, gatta. 
Anklet, v. paizeb, giijri, ghunglini. 
Anna, n. ana, riipiya ka solhwan 

hissa. 
Annals, n. tawarikh, hal. 
Annalist, n. muwamkh, ravi. 
Annex, v. lagana, milana, waal k., 

laf k., shamil k. 
Annexation, n. wasl, sh^iil. 
.Annihilate, v. nabiid k., madiim k., 

mita d. 
Annihilation, n. nesti, adam. 
Anniversary, barsi, roz-i-sal. 
Annotate, v. sharah likhnd, tafslr k., 

hashiya k. 
Annotation, n. tafsir, sharah. 
Annotator, n. shareh, tafsir likhne- 

wala ; tikakar. 
Announce, v. ittila k., khabar d., 

ishtihar k. 
Announcement, n. ittila, ishtihar. 
Annoy, v, khijana, diqq k., taklif d. 
Annoyance, n. diqq, taklif, zahmat. 
Annual, a. harsala, salana. 
Annually, ad, sal-ba-sal, harsal. 
Annuity, n, sal iy ana, wazifa. 
Annul, V. mansiikh k., batil k., radd 

k. 
Annular, a. halqa-numa. 
Anodyne, a. taskin bakhsh, ya aram 

bakhsh dawa. 
Anoint, v, tel lag^a, chuparna, 

malna. 
Anomalous, a. be-dastiir, khilaf-i- 

qdida, 
Anonmljr,) n. be-qdeda, khilaf-i- 
Anomy, J qdeda. 



\ 



Anon, ad, jaldi, fauran; (ever and 

anon) hameshd. 
Anonymous, a. be-nam, be-nishan, 

gum nam. 
Another, a. diisra, aur ek, digar; 

(one another) apas, baham. 
Answer, n, jawab. 
Answer, v. jawab d.; mutabiq h. 
Answerable, a, zinama-dar, zamin; 

mumkin-ul-j awab, qabil-i-tardid. 
Ant, n. chiiinta, chiiinti; (white) 

dimak ; (red) bimta. 
Antagonism, n. mukhalifat,dushmani. 
Antagonist, n, dushman, mukhalif, 

harif. [dar. 

Antarctic, a. juniibi qutb-se nisbat- 
Ante, ad. peshtar, age. 
Antecedence, n. peshtar h., taqdim. 
Antecedent, a. peshin, muqaddam, 

qabl; (grammar) zamir; (logic) 

sugra, muqaddam. " 
Antedate, v. qabi-ki-tdrikh dalnd. 
Antediluvion, a. Niih ke tiifan ke 

peshtar k^ bahut qadim. 
Antelope, n, haran, ahii. 
Antenuptial, a. shadi ke peshtar. 
Anterior, a. peshin, muqaddam. 
Anthem, n, tarif-i-ilahi-ka-git, bha- 

jan. 
Anthropology, n, jism-i-insan ki 

tashrih kd ilm, sharir ki vidya. 
Antic, n. maskhara, ajib-shakl. 
Antic, a. a jib, tamaskhur angez. 
Antichristian, a. khilaf-i din-i Ma- 

sihi. 
Anticipate, v, peshdasti k., sabqat 

k., peshtar se khiyal k. 
Anticipation, w. pesh-dasti, pesh- 

bandi, sabqat. 
Antidote, n. tiryaq, zahr-muhra, 

zahr-mdr-dawa. 
Antimony, n, surma, kuhl. 
Antipathy, n. nafrat, karahiyat, 

khusiiniat. 
Antipodes, n, taht-ul-arz; zamin-ke- 

dusre janib ke rahne-wale. 
Antiquarian, \ n, qadim-chizon ka 
A n tiquary, J dariyaft karne wdla. 
Antiquate, v, purana k., beriwaj k. 
Antique, a, qadim, peshin, purana. 
Antiquity, u. c^m TJMCCLkcka., ^"^j^al^ 
c^idamat. 






APP 



11 



APP 



^ ikntitliesis, n, mnqabala. 

Antler, n, haran-ke-sing ki shdkb. 

(^ Anvil, n. niMi. 
Anxiety, n. fifcr, tashrish, taraddud, 
iztirab^ udisl, khwdhish. 
Anxions, a. andesha-nak, mntarad- 

did, fikrmand, khim'dhishmand. 
Any, a. koi, krsl, kuchh ; (any how) 
'\ kisitarai; (cmt/ where) kahin. 

fAorist, n. mnz^a. 
Apace, ad, jaldi, shitabi se. 
Apagogical, a. hasb tariqa-i-khulf; 

khil^f. 
Apart, ad, alag, aUhida, jnda, dar- 

kinar. 
Apartment, n. kothri, kamra; (men's) 

mardsba; (women's) zanana. 
Apathyi ». be-parwai, kabili, murda 

dill. 
Ape, n\ bandar, bozina. 
Ape, V. naql k., taqlid k. 
Aperient, a. mns-bil, mulaiyin, dast- 

dvar. 
Aperture, n. chhed, siirAkh, sbigaf. 
Apex^ n. ndk, sira, cboti. 
Aphorism, n. masala, maqiila. 
Apiece, ad. ek ek-ko, bar ek-ko. 
i Apish, a. bandar ke man in d. 
] , Apocope, n. harf-i-akhir-kd hazf. 
Apocryphal, a. gair mnatabar, mash- 

kiik, gair mnstanad. 
Apologize, V. nzr k., mazarat k., I 

mn^fimdngnd. 
Apologne, n, masal, hikayat, qissa^- 
Apology, n. nzr, mazirat, uzr klii»rahi, 
Apoplexy, w. sakta. 
Apostacy, n. tark-i-din, inkar-i-din, 

inhir^ 
Apostate, n. mnnkir-i-din, munharif. 
Apostle, n. rasiil, hawdrl. 
Apostolical, a. hawarion semntaalliq. 
Apostrophe, /iv shakhs-i gdib ko 

khit^b k., iltifat; alamat-i-hazf. 
Apothecary, n. dawd farosh, attdr, 

dawdi-sdz; [la. 

Apothegm,- n, qaTiI-i-mashhiir, masa- 
Apozem, n. joshandd. 
Appal, V. dardna, dar dikhldnd. 
Appanage, n. badshah ke larkon ke 

wiste^ ji^'i; ma^sh. 



Apparel, n, poshjlk, libas^ kapra. 

Apparel, v. pahindnd. 

Apparent, a. zdhir, howaida, sarih, 

aydn. 
Apparently, ad. zdhira, zahiran, dekk 

ne men. 
Apparition, n, bhi5t, zahiir, siirat. 
Appeal, n. murafa, apil, ruju. 
Appeal, V, murafa k., apil k. \. hawa- 

la k. 
Appealable, a. qdbil-i-apil. 
Appear, v, nazar and, zahir h., di- 

kbai d.; maliim h., hazir h. 
Appearance, w. zuhiir, numaish, siirat,. 

shakl, haziri. 
Appease, v. taskin d., thandha k., 

faro k^ 
Appellant, n. dad khwdh, apilant. 
Appellate, a. mnrdfa se muttalliq;. 
( — covrt) adalat-i-apiT. 
Appellation, n. laqab, nam. 
Append, v. jorna, lagand, sbamil k. 
Appendage, «. mulhaq, ilaqe kd;: 

zamimd. 
Appendix, tatimma, zail, zamima. 
Appertain, v. muttalliq h., ildqa r., 

taalluq r. 
Appertinent, a, niutaalliq, ilaqd-dar. 
Appetency, w. khwdhish, mail, ish- 

tiydq. 
Appetent, a. arzii-mand, nihdyat- 

mushtaq. 
Appetite, n, bhiikh, islitiha, ragbat. 
Applaud, V. dfrin k., tarif k., sardhnd. 
Applause, w. dfrin k., tdrif, shdbdshi. 
Apple, n. seb; {of the eye) putli. 
Appliance, v, tadbir, dldt, jo chiz: 

lagdi jay. 
Applicable, a. Idiq, mundsib,. mutd- 

biq.^ 
Applicant, n. sail, darkhwdst karne- 

wdld. 
Application, n. shagl, mashaqqat^ 

tandihi, arzi, darkhwdst, istidud, 

istimdl ; lep. 
Apply, v.lagdnd; mutdla k., mashgiil 

h., darkhwdst k., mundsib h. 
Appoint, V. thahrdnd, muqarrar k.y 

nasab k. 



Appantak, n. saranjim, sdz-o-sd- 1 ma.TVBa\i-,Uail^«^> ^^"^'^^^^^^^ 



APT 



Apposite, a. thik, muwafiq, raunasib. 
Apposition, n. ziyadati; do isnion ka 

eklii lialat men h. 
Appraise, v. nirkh tliahranji, qimat 

lagana, tashkhisk., aokna, janch- 

11 a. 
Appraisement, n. takhmina, tash- 

khis. 
Appraiser, n. qimat lagane-wala, 

ankne-wala. 
Appreciable, a. malum hone ke qtibil, 

qadr karne ke laiq. 
y\ppreciate, v, aziz janna, qadr k., 

samajbna. 
Appreciation, n. qadr, rae, samajh, 

taslikhis. 
Apprehend, v. pakarna, giraftar k., 

saniajhna; darna. 
Apprehension, n. giraftari; samajli; 

dar, khauf; khiyal. 
Apprehensive, a. darta, andesha- 

mand, fikr-mand. 
Apprentice, n. shagird. 
Apprenticeship, 31. shagirdi, kam- 

siklme w. 
Apprize, v. khabar d., ittfla k. 
Approach, n. am ad, nazdik ana, 

rasai; ikhtiyar. 
Approach, v. nazdik ana ya jana, 

qarib-ana. [raza. 

Approbation, n. pasand, manziiri, 
Appropriate, v. makhsiis k., apna k.; 

muqarral* k., lagana. 
Appropriate, a. khas, makhsus, mu- 

iiasib, mitwaiiq. 
Appropriation, 71. istimal, makhsus 

k.; {Law) takhsis-i-mahsiibi. 
Approvable, a. pasandida, qabil-i- 

mnnziiri, umda. 
Approval, n. pasand, manziiri. 
Approve^ v. pasand k., manzur k., 

razi h. 
Approximate, v. nazdik ana, ya jana> 

qai'ib h. 
Approximate, a, nazdik, qarib. 
Aj^purtenance, n. mutaalliq. 
Apj-icot, n. khiibani, zard-alii. 
April, w. angrczi chautha mahina, 

api-aiL 
Apron, n. tahband. 
Ai)t, «. Ijifq, niiiil; munasibj tezfahm, 

tezdast 



12 ARC 

Aptera, n. be-par ka kira. 
Aptitude, ) n. qabiliyat, liyaqat. 
Aptness, J mail, shauq. 
Aqua fortis, [L.] n. teziib. 
Aquarius, n, dalv; kumbh, burji- 

dalv. 
Aquatic, a. abi, daryai. 
Aqueduct, n. nahr, muhri. 
Aqueous, a. martiib, abi, pani sa. 
Aquiline, a, (nose) tote ki si, aukri 

dar. 
Arab, a. arabi. 
Arabesque, a. arab ki memiu-i aur 

but-sazi ke taur pur. 
Arabian, a. arabi, mutaalliq-e-arab. 
Arabic, n, zaban-i-arabi. 
Arable, a. kheti ke laiq, ziraat ke 

laiq. 
Aration, n, hal chalana. 
Arbiter, a. salis, munsif, panch. 
Arbitrary, a. khud mukhtaa', be- 

qaida. 
Arbitrate, v. salisi k., panchaet k., 

faisal k. 
Arbitration, n, salisi, panchaet. 
Arbitrator, n, panch, salis, munsif. 
Arbor, w. kunj, darakhton ke saye 

men nishast gah. 
Arborist, n. shajar ehinas. 
Arboreous, a, shajar se mutaalliq, 

darakhton se nisbat dar. 
Arc, w. qau^, mihrab. 
Arcade, n, mihrab dar rah. 
Arch, V. mihrab, qaus. 
Arch, a. zarif, thatthe-baz, (in camp) 

sarddr; hoshiyar, sharir- 
Archoeology, n. qadim chizoQ ke 

tahqiqat ka ilm. 
Archaic, a, qadim, gair mustamal. 
Archaism, n, istilah-i-qadim. 
Archangel, n, darja-i-41akafai*ishta.. 
Archbishop, n. padrion ka sardar-i- 

azam. 
Archdeacon, n, padrion ka ek uhda, 

jo bishap ke bad hota hai. 
Archduke, n, amir-i-azam. 
Arched, a. mihrabdar. 
Archer, n, tir an-daz, kamandar. 
Archery, n, tir an-dazi, kamankashi. 
Archipelago, n. wuh samandar jis- 

men bahut jazire hon; jaziron ka 

majma. 






ARM 



13 



ART 



Architect, n. memiir, mir-i-imarat, 

raj. 
Architecture, n, memari, ilm-i-ima- 

rat. 
Archives, n. daftar, tawarikh. 
Arctic, a, shimali. 
Arctic-circle n. daera-i-shimali kura- 

i-zamin, kaj-khati. 
Ardent, a. garm, tez, tund, dil-soz, 

purshauq. 
Ardour, n, garmi, sar garmi, dilsozi, 

hararat. 
Arduous, a. dushwar, mushkil, 

Bakht. 
A re, (3rcZ per. pi. present tense,) hain. 
Area, n. maidaiij sahn, mukassar- 

jagah, raqba. 
Arena, n, akhara, maidan. 
Argue, V, bahs k., hujjat k., dalilk. 
Argument, n. bahs, hujjat, dalil; 

mazmun. 
Argumentation, n. niza, mubahisa, 

charcha. 
Argumentative, a. hujjat-mand, huj- 

jati, takrari. 
Arid, a, sukha, khushk, sokhta^ 
Aridity, n. khushki, sukhai. 
Aries, n. burj-i-hamal, mekh* 
Aright, ad. durust, rast, rasti-se.- 
Arise, v, uthna, tulii h.; paida h., 

nikalna« 
Aristocrat, n. amiron ki liukiimat 

ka tarafdar; magriir shakhs, 

sh akh siy at-mizaj . 
Aristocracy, n, amiron ki hukumat, 

saltan at, raison ki, amiron ki ja- 

maat. 
Arithmetic, n. ilm-i-hisab, hisab. 
Arithmetical, a, hisab ke mutaalliq. 
Arithmetician, n, hisab-dan. 
Ark, n. Niih ki kishtij tabiit. 
Arm, n. i3azu, bahn, shakh; khalij, 

(pL arms,) hathiyar, alat-i-jang; 

( armorial bearings ) khan dan ki 

alamat; marka. 
Arm, V, silah pahinna, musallah k., 

hathiyar bandhna. 
Armament, n. fauj, asbab-i-jang.' 
Arm-hole, n. bagal. 
Arm-chair, n, baziidar kursi ; aram 

chauki. 
AiTued, a, musallah, taivar. 



Arminian, a. Arminia ke mazhab ka 

pairau. 
Armistice, n. larai ki chand roza 

mauqiifi, ba-razamandi-i-tar fain. 
Armlet, n, bazii-band, khalij. 
Armory, n. silah-khaita. 
Armour, n. bakhtar^ jaushan, jubba^ 

zirah. 
Armourer, n. silah-saz, saiqal-gar. 
Armpit, ri. bagal. 
Army, n, laskar, fouj, sipah. 
Aromatic, a. khushbiidar, muattar. 
Around, ad.^ pr, as-pas, girda-gird, 

har-taraf. 
Arouse, v. jagana, uth ana, ch aunkana. 
Arquebuse, n. chhoti bandiiq. 
Arrack, n. araq, sharab; tari. 
Arraign, v, ittiham k., makhiiz k., 

tuhmat lagana. 
Arrange, v. tartib d. ; sanwarna, inti- 

zam k. 
Arrangement, w. tartib, intizam, 

sajawat* 
Arrant, a. nihayat kharab, chhata 

^hua. 
Arras, n. naqsh-o-nigar ka kapra jo 

makan ki zebaish ke waste di- 

waron men lagate hain. 
Array, n, poshak, libas; saff; saff-i- 

jatig. 
Array, v. poshak pahinana, arasta k., 

saff-^rai k. 
Arrears, n. baqi, baqiyat. 
Arrest, n* giraftari. 
Arrest, v. giraftar k., pakarna, rok- 

na. 
Arrival, n. pahunch, amad, ana. 
Arrive, v, pahunchna, ana, dakhil h. 
Arrogance, n. magriiri, gustakhi. 
Arrogant, a. magriir, gusttikh. 
Arrogate, v. nahaq dawa k. 
Arrow, n. tir, {head) gansi. 
Arrow-root, n. ararot. 
Arsenal, n. silah-khana. 
Arsenic, n* sankhiya, hartal, zahr. 
Arsenical, a, sankhiya-dar. 
Arson, n, juim-i-atash-zani. 
Art, a, (2nd person sing. pres. tense) 

tli hai. 
Art, n, ilm, hunar, fann; hikmat^ 

hila; hirfa, kam. 
Artery, u. ^\v\x\^m, \^^» 



ASH 



14 



ASS 



Artful, a. hila-bdz, aiyar; hnnar- 
mand. 

Artfully, ad. fareb se, chaldki se. 

Article, n. ( definite ) harf-i-tdrif ; 
{indefinite) barf-i-tankir, cMzf 
shai; shart, dafa, mazmiin. 

Articulate, v. talaffuz k., saf-saf' 
bolna. 

Articulate, a. jurdhua; sdf. 

Articulation, n. talaffuz. 

Artifice, n, fareb, hila, babdnd* 

Artificer, n. karigar, dastkar. 

Artificial, a. gair-qudrati, amali, 
sakhta, naqli, jhiitha. 

Artillery, n, top-kbdna; golandaZ'; 
( — park) top kbane ka-ihdta. 

Artisan, n, kdrigar, dastkar. 

Artist, n. hunar-mand-sbakbs, kiffi 
fann kd listad. 

Artless, a. sada, bhola, be-fareb. 

As, c. jaisd, jistarah, cbunki; ma- 
nind; jiswaqt; (as if) go yd, jano, 
(as many) {as much) jitne, jis- 
qadar, utna; {as for, as regards, 
as to,) babat, nisbat; {as far as) 
jaban tak, taba; {as long as) jab- 
tak; (as usual) waisabi, badastiir; 
{as well as) aur. 

Asafoetida, n. bing, angiiza. 

Ascarides; n. pL kire. 

Ascend, v, cbarnd, cbarh jand, ntb- 
na. 

Ascendant, n, urdj, bulandi. 

Ascendency, n, galaba, ikbtiyir,, 
bukiimat, qndrat. 

Ascension, n. utbdnA; merdj. 

Ascent, n. cbarbdi, bdla ravi; bu- 
landi, til a. 

Ascertain, v, tabqiq k., tbabraT|d, 
iiiuqarrar k., dariyaft k. ' 

Ascertainment, n, dariydft, tabq4)^< 

Ascetic, n, zahid, abid, faqir. ^^ 

Asceticism, n. faqiri, ibadat. 

Ascites, n. jalandhar, is tisqa. 

Ascribable, a. mansub bone ke Idiq. 

Ascribe, v, nisbat d.; mansiib k., 
makbsiis k., lagdnd. 

Asb, n. ek qism kd darakbt. 

Asbamed, a. sbarminda, sbarm-sdr. 

Asbes, n, kbakistar, rdkb. 

Asbore, ad, kindre par, kbushki 
par. 



Aside, ad, ek-taraf, alag^ alabida. 
Asiatic, n. Esbia ka basbinda. 
Asiatic, a. Esbid ^e mutaalliq. 
Asinine, a, gadbe se mutaalliq. 
Ask, V, piinchbna, pursisb k. ; mang- 

na, talasji k. 
Askance^ > ad, tirchba, tirchhai se, 
> terba; {to look aslant) 
Aslant, 3 kanankbiyon-se dekba. 
Asleep, a. sota bua, khafta. 
Aslope, a. dhal, dbald. 
Asp, n, afai, zabrdar sanp.^ 
Asparagus, w. nagdann kd darakbt. 
Aspect, w, rii, chihra, siirat, shaki; 

rtikb. 
Asperity, n. dunishti, sakbtf, ru- 

khdf. * [k. 

Asperse, v, tubmat lagdnd, mataiin 
Aspersion, n. cbhirkao; tubmat, 

bubtdn. 
Aspirate, r. sbiddat se tallafuz k. 
Aspiration, n. sbiddat %e tallaff\izj 

kamdl drzii. 
Aspire, v, drzti r., tdfc r., kosbisb k. 
Asquint, ad, tircbha; '{to look as-- 

quint) tircbha dekbna, bbinga 

bond. 
Ass, n. gadbdj kbar; abmaq. 
Assail, V, bamla k,, bujiim k., ran- 

bdbisa k. 
Assailant, n, bamla-dwar, wdr k. w. 
Assassin, n, qdtil, kbiini. 
Assassinate, v. kbiin k., qatl k. 
Assassination, n. kbiin, qatl. 
Assault, n. bamla, bujiim, yiirisb. 
Assay, n, azmdisb, imtibdn; aydri. 
Assay, v. aydr k., jdQcbnd, kasna, 

imtibdn k. 
Assayer, n, aydr-glr, jancbne-wdld. 
Assemblage, w. jamaat, ambob, bhir. 
Assembk, v, jama k., yd b; fardbam 

k., yd b. 
Assembly, n, majlis, mabfil, jamdat, 

garob. [mand b. 

Assent, v. razi h., qabtil k., razd- 
Assent, n, razd, razdmandi, istirzd. 
Assert, v, kabnd, iqrdi k., ddwd k. 
Assertion, n. iqrdr, qabiil, ddwd. 
Assess, V. kbirdj lagdnd, jamabandi 

k., ta&bkbis k. 
Assessment, n, kbirdj, jamabandi^ 

tasbkbis. 



AST 



15 



ATL 



Assessor, n. tashkhis kame-wala; 

asesar, mushir-i-adalat. 
i^ssets, n. mal, jaeddd, jama. 
Asseveration, n, qavi iqrar, iqrar- 

bahalaf. 
Assiduity, n, mihnat, masliaqqat, 

jihad, koshish. 
Assiduous, a. mihnati, mustaid, jan- 

fishan. 
Assiduously, ad, mehnat se, jan 

fishani se. 
Assign, V, tiiahrana, muaiyan k., 

muqarrar k., dena ; muntaqil £. 
Assign, n. muntaqil-alaihi. 
Assignation, n, mulaqat kd iqrar. 
Assignee, n. muntaqil-alaihi; kar- 

inda. 
Assignment, n. intiqal, taqarrur. 
Assimilate, v. muwaJSiq !<., yaksan^. 
Assimilation, n, muwafiqat, musha- 

biliat. 
Assist, V. madad d., dastgiri k. 
Assistance, w. madad, yari, dastgiri. 
Assistant, n, madadgdr. 
Assizes, n. ad^lat. 
Associate, n, sharik, rafiq, hamsuh- 

bat. 
Associate; v, subbat r., rifaqat k., 

rafiq b. 
Association, n, rifaqat, sbarakat; 

ittifi^ ; jamaat. 
Assort, V, tartib d,, qaide-se rakbna. 
Assortment^ n. tartib, kisi kbas 

qism ka mal. 
Assuage, v. taskin d., tajkbfif d., 

tbandba k., aram d. 
Assuasive, a, taskin bakhsb. 
Assuetude, n, adat, dastiir. 
Assume, v. lelena, ikbtiyar k., farz 

k., damag k. 
Assumption, n, ikbtiyar k., qaul-i- 

farzi. 
Assurance, n. tabqiq, yaqin; iatib^r, 

iatiqad; taqviyat, tawakkul, sbo- 

kbi, gustakbi; bima. 
Assure, v. iqrar k., yaqinkarana, 

mazMt k. 
Assuredly, ad, albatta, yaqinan. 
Asterisk, n, tabrir men sitara numa 

nisbaa (*). 
Astern, ad, jabaz ke picbbe. 
Asthma, n. zi^-un-nafs. 



Astonish, v. mutabaiyar k., muta- 
ajjib k., bairdn k. 

Astonishing, a, ajib, turfa. 

Astonishment, n. taajjub, hairat, 
tahayyur. 

Astound, V, mutah-aiyar k. 

Astray, ad, gumrah, be-rab, bhatka. 

Astride, ad. sawar, panwphailae hue. 

Astringent, a, qabiz. 

Astrolabe, n. usturlab, aftab ya sita- 
ron ki bulandi ma'liim karne ka 
aia* 

Astrologer, n. munajjim, nujiimi, 
jotishi. 

Astrological, a. nujiim se mutaalliq. 

Astrology, w. ilm-i-nujdm, phalit- 
jotisb. * 

Astronomer, n, bait-dan, nujiimi. 

Astronomical, a. nujiim se muta- 
alliq. 

Astronomy, n, ilm-i-haiat, nujiim, 
ganita, jotish. 

Astute, a. bosbiyar, say ana, fitrati. 

Asunder, ac?. juda, alag. 

Asylum, n, panah; {lunatic asylum), 
pagal-khana. 

At, pr, men, ko, par; nazdik; {at 
all) bilkul, mutlaq; {at all) 
khwahma-khwab, ba-har-hal, {at 
first) pahle; {at hand) nazdik; 
{at home) ghar men; khan gi jalsa; 
{at last) {at length) akhirash, 
bare; {at least) kam se kam; {at 
most) bahut se babut; {at once) 
fauran, ek-qalam; {at present) fil- 
hal, is waqt; {at times) kabhi. 

Ate, V, {past tense of eat) khaya. 

Atheism, n. dahriya-pan, ilbad. 

Atheist, n. dahriya, niulhid, nastik. 

Atlr<^\stic, Atheistical, a. dahriyai, 
liJ'^^id, fasiq, kafir. 

Athirbl, ad. tishna, piyasa. 

Atblete, n. pahlwan. 

Athletic, a. zor-awar, kushti-gir, 
shahzor, mazbiit. 

Athwart, pr. ara, tirchha, ar-par. 

Athwart, ad. bar-khilaf, beja, diq 
karne ke taur se. 

Atilt, ad, ludhakta-hua. 

Altantic, a. bahr-i-ziilmat se muta- 
alliq. 

Atlas, n, iv«ic^^\ioiv Y\^6^^^^^^\ ^^^^. 



ATT 



IG 



AUG 



Atmospliore, n, hawa, bad, asman. 
Atmospheric, a, liawa-se-mutaalliq. 
Atom, n. zara-sa, shimma, zarra, 

nihajat clilKj^areza. 
Atomical, a. zarron ka bana liua, 

kbafif. 
Atone, V, takfir d., kafara d., mu- 

w^fiq k. 
Atonement, n. kafara, takfir, raza- 

niandi. 
Atrocious, a. sakht, sbarir, sbadid. 
Atrocity, w. shan'irat, fasad-i-kabir. 
Atrophy, n, ek bimari jismen khana 

taqat nahin bakhshta; siikha. 
Attach, r. lagana; qurq k., mail k., 

girvida k. 
Attachment, n. qurqi; mnhabbat, 

ulfat, girwidagi. 
Attack, n, hamla, yiirish. 
Attack, V, liamla k., yiirish k. 
Attain, v. hasil k., pana, milna. 
Attainable, a, yaftani, muyassar. 
Attainder, n. dag, dhabba. 
Attainment, n. husiil, tahsil, (jpL) 

liyaqat-i-ilmi. 
Attaint, v, aib lagana, ruswa k., 

mulzhn thahrana. 
Attaint, n, dag, dhabba. 
Attempt, n. koshish, sai, qasd. 
Attempt, V, koshish k., irada k., 

qasd k. 
Attend, v. hazir r., ya h., mutawaj- 

jih h., mashgiil h., liamrahi k.; 

{on the sick) timardari k. 
Attendance, n. hazir-bashi, mulaza- 

mat, khidmat. 
Attendant, n. hazir-bash; khidmat- 

gar, mulazim, naukar. 
Attention, tawajjuh, taqaiyad; lihaz, 

khatir. 
Attentive, a/mutawajjih, mashgiil. 
Attentively, ad, hoshiyari se, tawaj- 

juh se. 
Attenuant, a. patla karne wala. 
Attenuate, v. patla k. 
Attest, V. tasdiq k., gawahi d., sha- 

hadat d. 
Attestation, w. shahadat, gawahi, 

tasdig. 
Attire, n. poshak, libds, 
•Attire, V. pahinna, drdish k. 
Attitude, ?i, waza, taiir, dhaj. 



Attollent, a, uthane-wala. 
Attorney, n, vakil-i-adalat, mukh- 

tar; {power of attometf) mukhtar- 

nama, vakalat nam a. 
Attract, 17. khinchna, jazb k., faref- 

ta k., lubhana. 
Attraction, n, khinchao, jazb, ka- 

shish, dilfarebi. 
Attractive, a. jazib, khi|ichne-wala, 

dilruba, dilbar. 
Attributable, a, nisbat ke laiq. 
Attribute, n. wasf, sifat, khasiyat. 
Attribute, v, thahrana, nisbat laga- 
na. 
Attrite, a. gun^h se nadim, mutaas- 

sif. 
Attrition, n. ragar, ghisna, nadamat, 

taassuf. 
Attune, V. sur milana, khush-awiiz 

k., muwafiq h. 
Auburn, a. mai-giin, bhiira. 
Auction, n. nilam. 
Auctioneer, n, nllani kame-wala. 
Audacious, a, gustakh, be-adab, be- 

bak. 
Audacity, n. gustakhi, be-adabi, di- 

leri. 
Audible, a. jo suna jae ; buland- 



awaz. 



Audibly, ad. buland-awazi-se. 
Audience, w, sunne-wala, ahl-maj- 

lis ; darbar, mulaqat. 
Audit, 71. hisab ki nazar-i-sani, 

janch. 
Audit, v. imtihan k., janchna. 
Auditor, n, sunne-wala, sanii ; mu- 

hasib. 
Auditory, n. samia, sunne ki quvv?it 

rakhnewala. 
Auger, 71. barma. 
Aught, p, kuchh, koi chiz. 
Augment, n, ziyadati, afzuni, jo 

chiz barha-igai ho. 
Augment, v. barhana, ziyada k. 
Augmentation^ n. barhti, ziyadati, 

afzaish. 
Augur, n. shugun batlane-wala fal- 

go. 
Augur, V, shugun d., fal batlana, 

qiyaa "k.^maVuTo. \\. 
August, u. mgieTi ^\\\^^Tv X£i»^^\xv^^.^ 
agast. 



AVE 



17 



AZU 



f 



August, a, ali-qadr, ali-sLan, bu- 

zurg. 
Aunt, n, pliuphi, kliala, chachi, mu- 

mtini, mami. 
Auricle, n. kan ka parda. 
Auricular, a, kan se mutaalliq; 

kliufiya kaha gaya. 
Aurora, ». fajr, subah. 
Auspice, V. shagiin, {pi.) liimayat, 

badaalat. 
Auspicious, a. nek, said, mubarak. 
Auspiciously, ad^ kbubi-so, khushi- 

se. 
Austere, a, sakht, durusbt, mushkil. 
Austerity, n. sakhti, durusbti, riy-a 

zat, zuhd. 
Authentic, a, sahih, tahqiq. 
Authenticate, v. sabit k., tasdiq k. 
Authenticity, n. sihat, iatibar, du- 

rusti. 
Author, n. bani; musannif, muwallif. 
Authoritative, a, mustanad, muata- 

bar. 
Authority, n, hukumat, ikhtiyar, 

sanad, qaul-i-mustanad. 
Authorize, v, qudrat d., mukhtar k., 

ikhtiyar d. 
Authorship, n. musannifi. 
Autobiography, n. kisi ke halat-i- 

umri jo usne khud likhe hon. 
Autocracy, n. hukiimat-i-khud- 

mukhtdri, khudsari. 
Autocrat, n, hakim-gair-i-mahdiid- 

ul ikhtiyar. 
Autograph, n. dastkhat-i-l^Lhas; khas 

hath ka navishta. 
Automatic, \ a, binafsihi muta- 
Automatical, J harrik. 
Automaton, n. ala-i-khud ravan. 
Autumn, n. khizan, kharif, pat-jliar. 
Autumnal, a. khizan-wala ; kharif- 

wala. 
Auxiliary, a. madad gar, muawin. 
Avail, V. kam-ana, faida h., kam- 

men land. 
Available, a. faidamand, siidmand, 

ydftani. 
Avarice, w. hirs, bukhl, lalach, 

tama. 
Avaricious^ a. tami, hakhil, lalachi. 
Avaunt, tnt. diir ho, chalaja. 



Avenue, n, rah, daraklilon ke dar- 

mivaii rasta. 
Aver, V. iqrar k., kahna. 
Average, n. ausat. 
Averse, a. uaraz, muklialif, bezar, 

bad-zan. 
Aversion, n. nafrat, karahiyat. 
Avert, V. dafa k., diir k., baz r. 
Aviary, n, chirya-kliana. 
Avidity, n. tama, ragbat, sliauq. 
Avocation, 71. kam, shugl, pesha. 
Avoid, n. parhez k., diir rahna. 
Avoidable, a. diir rakhne kc laiq. 
Avouch, V. iqnir k., zahir k. 
Avow, r. iqrar k., qabiil k. 
Avowal, 71, iqrar, qabiil, izhar. 
Avowedly, ad. saf-saf, barmala. 
Avulsion, n, purza-purza k., ala- 

hida k. 
Await, V, muntazir r., rah-dekhna ; 

rahna. 
Awake, V. jagna, jagana, bedar h., 

ya k. 
Awsike, a. jagte hue, bedar. 
Awaken, v. jagana. 
Award n, panchon ka faisla. 
Award, v. faisla k., dilwana. 
Aware, n, agah, waqif. 
Away, ad. diir, gair-hazir ; (int.) 

chale jao. 
Awe, w. haibat, khauf, rob. 
Awe, V, dahshat d. 
Awful, a. haibat nak, haul nak, rob- 
dar. 

Awfully, ad. haibat naki se; ni- 
hayat. 

Awhile, ad. tliore arse tak, zara. 

Awkward, a. be-dliab, bad-numa, 
be-saliqa, kliarab. 

Awl, n. sutari, suja. 

Awning, n. shamiyana, sayban. 

Awry, ad. tircliba, terlia, kaj. 

Axe, n. kulhari, tesha, tabar. 

Axillar, a. bagli. 

Axiom, 01, qaul-i-mutaa rafa, badihi 
masala. 

Axis, 71. qntr, mihwar. 

Axle, 71. dluiri. 

Ay, ad. ban, albatt^. 

Aye, ad.\\m\^'t^\\^,^wv^^^« 



Avens^e, v. intiqdm ieiia, badla Icnti. 1 Azure, a. ^^mk\\\> ^'^^^'^' 



c 



BAG 



18 



BAF 



B. 



B. Angrezi liariif tahajji ka diisra 

liarf. 
Baa, n. awaz,/ya chillana blieri ka. 
Baa, V. bimbiyana, miniiyand. 
Babble, v. barbaiana, bakna, bak- 

wad k. 
Babble, n, barba^, bakwad, bakbak. 
Babblement, n, bakwad, bakbak, 

barbar. 
Babbler, n, bakwadi, bakbakiya, 

barbai'iya, bliarbhariya. 
Babbling, n, bakwad, bakbak. 
Babe, n. shir-kliora baclicha, balmt 

clihota larka. 
Babery, n. bachclion ke kliush 

karne ki koi achclihi cliiz. 
Babisli, n. shir-klior bachche sa, 

tifiana, chulbuU. 
Babishly, ad. tiflana. 
Baboon, n. langur. 
Baby, n. sbir-khora baclicha, balmt 

chliota larka. 
Babyhood, n. bachchagi, tifli bach- 
pan. 
Babyish, a. tiflana, chulbula. 
Bacchanal, w. aubash, matwala, 

uuist. 
Bacchanalian, a, aubash, khar-ni as t, 

bad-mast. 
Bacchanals, n, aubashi, khar-masti, 

bad-mas ti, matwdlon ka shor-gul. 
Bachelor, n, kuara, na-kad-khuda, 

alimon ka pahla khitab yafta 

shakhs, niche darje ka mumtaz 

sawar. 
Bachelorship, n. mnjarradi, tajrid, 

na-kad-khudai, alimon ke pahle 

khitab ki yaftagi. 
Back, n. pith, pichhari, pusht. 
Back, ad. pichhe, phir ya pher. 
Back, V. ghore parcharhnayacharh- 

njj, ya charhana, pachh k., Sahara 

<i., sanbhalna, hatana ya hatna. 
Backbite, v. chugli khana, gibat k. 
Backbiter, n. chugul-khor, gammaz, 

gibati. 
Backbiting, n. gibat, chngul-khori. 
Backbone, n. rirh. 
Backdoor, n. chor-khirki, kolki. 
J^ackfrifiidy n. poshida dusliman. 



Backgammon, n, takhta-i-narJ. 
Background, n. pichhe ki zamin, 

say a. 
Backpiece, n, pusht ka baktar silah 

ya zirah. 
Backroom, n. chor-kothri, ghar ke 

pichhe ki kothri. 
Backside, n, pichha, pichhwara chii- 

tar. 

• 

Backslide, v, bar-gashta h., pichhe 

phisalna, mulhid ya munkir h. 
Backslider, n. bar-gashta, pichlie- 

phisalne wala, munkir, mulhid. 
Backsliding, n. bar-gashtagi, irtidad, 

inhiraf, ilhad. 
Backstaff, n. ek ala-i-munajjimana 

jisse irtifa-i-aftab daryaft karte 

hain. 
Backstairs, n. chor sirhi. 
Backsword, n. ek-dhari talwar, ek 

chhari iiska muthia tokri ka hota 

liai. 
Backward, ad, pichhe, pichhari, 

pusht ki taraf. 
Backward, a, na-raz, kashida, pas- 

o-pesh karne wala, dodida; sust, 

ahmaq, kund, der, dirang. 
Backwards, ad, pusht ki taraf. 
Backwardly, ad. na-razamandi se, 

zidd ya sar kashi se, susti se. 
Backwardness, n. kundi, susti, dir- 

angi, na-razamandi. 
Bacon, n. siiar ka namkin aur 

khushk gosht. 
Bad, a. kharab, zabiin, aib-dar, mu- 

zir. 
Bade, p, Imkm diya. 
Badge, n, nishan-i-tamiz, pahchanne 

ki alamat. 
Badge, v, tamiz ya pahchan ke liye 

nishan k. 
Badgeless, a. be-nishan-i-tamiz, pah- 
channe ki alamt ke ba-gair. 
Badger, n, bejii ya bijju. 
Badger-legged, a, jiski bejjii ki si 

tangen hon, beju ki si tangen 

rakhne w. [gii. 

Badinage, n. halki ya hansi-ki guft- 
Badly, ad, be-tarah, kharab, be-daul. 
Badness, ad, kharabi, khotai, zabiini. 
Bafifle, V, fareb d., raigan k., zaya 

k., hairan k., mahnim k., aajiz k. 



HAL 



19 



BAL 



Baffle, n, hairjiiii, inaliriimi, aajizi, 

shikast. 
Baffler, n, fareb dene wala> rafgan 

zaya hairan mahriim ya aajiz 

kanie wala. 
Bag, n. gon, bora, thailii> tbaili, 



tora, badra. 
Bag, V, bore ya thaile men bhama, 

bore ya thaile se ladna, bhare 

bore ya tbaile ki tarab par pbiil- 

jana. 
Bagatelle, n, na-cbiz. 
Baggage, n. lasbkar ya safar ka sa- 

man, fuzla, akbor, agrbagar, fa- 

siqa, aiyara ya nakbre-biiz-aurat. 
Bagnio, n. banimam, gusl-^|>.bana, 

kasbi-kbana. 
Bagpipe, n, sbab-nai, baja jo pbiink- 

ne se bajta bai. 
Bagpiper, n. sbab-nai bajane wala. 
Bail, V, zamanat par cbboma, bazir- 

zamini k. [mini. 

Bail, n. hazir-zamin, zamanat, za- 
Bailable, n, qabil-i-zamanat. 
Bailiff, n. dastaki, adalat ke bukm 

kf ta'mil karne wala, sbabna, 

sazawal, gumasbta. 
Bailiwick, w. dastaki sbabna ya saz- 
awal ka alaqa, belif ka alaqa. 
Bailment, n. supurdagi-i-mal, ba- 

taur-i-amdnat. 
Bait, V, cbara lagana, safar men 

ndshta cbara yd dana-pani dena. 
Bait, n. cbara, tam, safar men nasli- 

ta y4 d4na-pani< 
Bait, V, torwana, katwana, bulkania. 
Baize, n. pattii. 
Bake, v, anch se sukbakar kara k., 

senkna, pakana. 
Bakeliouse, 7i. tantir-kbana. 
Bakemeats, n. pakka kband. 
Baker, n. nd,n-bai, rotiwala. 
Bakery, n. nanbai ka karkliana aur 

taniir. 



Balancing, «. liam-wazni, bam tara- 

ziii. 
Balcony, n. bala-kbduayabiiramada. 
BaW, a. be-bal ka, cliandla, na-zeb, 

bad-nnma, nanga, zati posbisb 

ba^gair, gunja. 



batua, jboli, bamyani, gaujiya, Balderdasb, n. be-biida-goi, wabiyat 



guft-gu, be-taur milaw. 
Baldly, ad, n an gi balat se, bad-nu- 

mai se, na-zebai se, kbarabi se. 
Baldness, n, chandlai, na-zebai, bad- 

numai. 
Baldpate, n. bebal ka sar, cliandla 

s-ir. 
Baldpated, a. bebal ka, cliandla. 
Baldrick, n. partala, kamar-band, 

mintaqatu-i-buruj . 
Bale, n. gattbar, gattlui, gantb, 

bukclia. 
Bale, V. gatthar gattba gantb ya 

bukclui bandlma. 
Bale, V. ulacbiia. 
Bale, ??. taklif, musibat, tasdia, 

paresbjini. 
Baleful, a. paresban, gam-gir, ran- 

jida, ziyankav, muzir. 
Balister, n, ek qisni ki kaman. 
Balk, 71. nienr, sbabtir, kari; ua-imi- 

medi, yas. 
Balk, I', mabriim ya mayus k., na- 

umnicd k., faveb dckar baclma. . 
Ball, n. gola, gend, goli. 
Ball, «. nacb. 
Ballad, n, git, rag, sarod. 
Ballader, n. git gane w., bliat. 
Balladmaker, n. git likbne wala, git 

banane wala, bluit. 
Balladmonger, n. sarod ka kar-o-bar 

karne wala, saro<l farosb. 
Balladry, n, sarod ka maznuin yii 

ibarat ya tariqa. 
Balladsinger, n. gawaia, gane wala. 
Ballad tune, li. sur, lay, ter, tan. 
Balladwriter, w. git banane wiila, 

bliiit. 



Bakmg, w. jo gban ek bor pakai jay. Ballast, n. wah sangin cbiz jo jabaz 

Balance, n. dan ri, tarazii. baqi, burj- ko sidba rakbne ke waste uski tab 

mizan ; men rakkbi jati bai. 

Balance, v, wazn k., Iiam wazn k. Ballast, v, jabaz ki tab men wazn 

yah., wasil-baqi k., saf k, bard- rakbna td-ki wab sidba rabai,Kisi 

bar k., pas-o-pesb k., bais-bais. cbiz ko bani-wazn knrke sidlia. 

lueo b. \ rakivwi. 



13AN 



20 



BAN 



Ballet, n. raqs, mutaalliq-i-tawarikl). 
Balloon, n. kiniiyai kam ka mustai- 

mal bartaii, kalas, gubbara. 
Ballot, n. goli jo rae zahir kame ke 

waste musta'mal lioti hai. 
Ballot, V. goli se ya'ni chittbi dalkar 

pasand k.* ya rae d^ 
Balm, n, balsan, kbueh-bii-dar mar- 
ham. 
Balm, V. kbush-bu-dar marbam laga- 
iia, narm k., mulaim k., takbfif k., 
taskin d. 
Balmy, a. balsan ke manind, kbusb- 
budar, narm kame Wala, takbfif 
karne wala, taskin-bakbsb. 
Balneal, a. hammam ya gusl-kbane 

ke muta'alliq. 
Balneary, n, hammam, giisl-l^hana. 
Balneation, n, gusL 
Balsam, n. balsan, taskin-bakbsh ya 

aram^dili-marbam. 
Balsamic, Balsamical, a. balsani, 

. narm, aram-dib, taskin-bakbsh. 
Bal aster, n. ebbota kbambba. 
Balustered, a. kbambbe-dar. 
Balustrade, n. kbambbon kakatabra 
ya katligbara, kbainbbon ki patJt, 
katbgliara. 
Bamboo, n, bans. 
Bamboozle, v. tbagna, dbokba d., 

bbiilawa d., babkanti. 
Bamboozler, n, tbag, babkane wal4,. 
dbokba dene wala, bbulawa dene 
wjihi. 
Ban, n, isbtibar, la'nat, mumana'at. 
Bjin, V. la'anat d., kosna, malamat 

k. 
Band, n, patfi, band, gurob, taifa, 

jama' at. 
Band, v. bandbna, milana> milna^ 

dusre ka satb k. 
Bandage, n, band, patti. 
Bandbox, n. cbboti patli sandiiq. 
Bandelet, n, imarat men patti ki sii- 

rat ka naqsba. 
Bander, n. diisre ka satb kamewala^ 

diisre ke satb milne wala. 
Bandit, Banditto, n, rab-zan, qazzaq* 
Bandog n. ek qism ka bara kiitta. 
Bandoleers, n. tosbdan. 
Bandrol, ?i. jbandi. 
Bandj, n. geQd mtirne ka ^anda. 



Bandy, v. danwandol k. ya h., idhat | i>"* 

udhar, pbenkna, apas men den-lea 

k.^ palta k. 1 1-^ 

Bandyleg, n. kaj*pa. 
Bandylegged, a. kaj-pa. 
Bane, n* zahr, zarar, nnqsan, bar- 

badi, kharabi. 
Bane, v. zabr dena ya khilana. 
Baneful, a. zahr-dar, muzir. 
Bang, V* mama, tbokna, dhamaka d. 
Bang, n. mar, gbiinsa, thappar, dha^ 

maka. 
Banish, v. jila-watan k., diir kar d. 
Banislier, n. jila-watan ya dtir karne 

wala. 
Banishment, n. jila-watan, shahr- 

badar. 
Bank, n. pushta, kinara, dliang, 

chauki, sarraf-kbana. 
Baok, V. pushtd^bandi k., sarraf- 

khane men rupiye amanat rakh- 

na. 
Banker, n. mahajan, kothiwal, biin- 

diwal, sahtikar. 
Bankrupt, a. dewaliya. 
Bankrupt, n. dewdliya. 
Bankrupt, v. dewaliya kardalna ya 

banadalna, dewala nikalna. 
Bankruptcy, n. dewala. 
Banner, n. nishan, 'alam. 
Bannered, p. a. nisbau-dar, 'alam- 

dar. 
Banneret, n. jo sbaklismaidan-i-jang 

men mumtaz sawaroQ men bharti 

bo, jbandi. 
Bannerol, Bandrol, n, jhandi. 
Bans, Banns, w. hone wali shadi ka 

isbtahar. 
Banquet, n, ziyafat, da'wat. 
Banquet, v, ziyafat k., da'wat d., yd 

k. 
Banqueter, n. ziyafat ya da Vat kar^ 

ne wala, umda giza khane wala. 
Banqueting, n, ziyafat, da'wat. 
Banquet-bouse, w. ziyafat-kbanii, 

da'-Wat-khana. 
Banter, v. chubul k., hansi k., that- 

tba k. 
Banter, n. hansi, chubul, tbattba, 
Banterer, n. thathol, chubul kame- 

wala. 
Bantering, n, thatta, haftsi, chubul. 



BAtl 



21 



BAR 



Bantling, w. bachclia, shir khor 
larka. 

Baptism, w. istibag ya gota, Isai 
mazhab men dakhil karne ya hone 
ki rasni. 

Baptismal, a. istibag ke muta'alliq. 

Baptist, n, istibag dene-wala, wah 
jo bachchon ko istibag nahin deta. 

Baptistery, n, istibag dene ki jagah. 

Baptistical, a. istibag ke muta'alliq. 

Baptize, v. istibag d., ya gota dilana. 

Bar, w. chobi ya filizzati chhar, ru- 
kawat, benra phatak, dhns, shalir- 
panah, reti ya mitti ka kinarajoke 
daryakemohaneparbanadete hain, 
adilat men wakilon ke jawab-o- 
suwdl kame aur zertajwiz qaidion 
ke khare hone ki jagah, sharab- 
khdne-ka ek kamara, baje men 
barabar sur kame ke liye ek khatt. 

Bar, V, benra lagana, rokna, kharij 
k., isti«na k. 

Barb, n koi chi^ jo darhi ki jagah 
men ho, tir ke phire hue phal, 
ghore ka baktar ya zirah. 

Barb, v^hajamat k., tir ko khar*dar 
banana, ghoroij ko baktar sesaj ana- 
Barb, 71* Barbari ghora. 

Barbacan, n, marhala-bddi, shahr- 
panah ke baliar ki ya ek pul ke 
akliir ki garhi, randa, andar se 
gola yd goli chalane ke liye diwdr 
men siirakh. 

Barbarian, n. wahshi, na tarashida 
ya be-tarbiyat shakhs, zalim, be- 
rahm shakhs. 

Barbarian, a. wahshi, dihqani. 

Barbaric, a, na-tarashida, wahsi, be- 
gana, gair mulk ka. 

Barbarism, n. be-rahmi, sang-dili, 
jihalat, bad-mnhawara, be-taur 
guft-gii. 

Barbarity, n. wahshi-pan, wahshiyat, 
be-rahmi, sang-dili. 

Barbarize, v. wahshi k., na tarashida 
k., bc-rahm k. 

Barbarous, a. na-tarashida, be-tar- 
biyat, be-saliqa, wahshi, be-rahm, 
sakht, be-murawwat, bad-muha- 
wara. 

Barbarously, ad, na-tarashidagi se, 
be*rahmi se. 



Barbarousliess, n, wahshi-pan, ha-' 

tarashidagi, sang-dili, be-rahmi. 
Barbated, a. sinkur-dar, ankri-dar. 
Barbecue, w. ek siiar jo samiicha 

pakayajay. 
Barbecue, v* ek suaf ko samucha 

pakdiia. 
.Barbed, p, a. khar-dar, jaushan-dar, 

baktar-dar, musallah. 
Barbel, w. ek qism ki ]^har-dar 

machhli. 
Barber, n. hajjam. 
Bard, n. bhat, sha'ir. 
Bardic, Bardish, a. shai*rana. 
Bare, a. barahna, nanga, be-kaprc, 

kliula, be-barg-o-bar, be-bal-o-par, 

sada, be-araish', muflis, t^hali. 
Bare, v. kapra litar lena, nanga k. 
Barely, ad, barahnagi se, iflas se, 

muflisi se, faqat, sirf. 
Barebono, n. bahut lagar shakhs. 
Bareboned, a, bahut dubla. 
Barefaced, a, be-haya, be-sharm, 

gustakh, be-imtiyaz. 
Barefacedly, ad, be-hayai ya be-shar- 

mi se, gustakhi ya be-imtiyazi se. 
Barefacedness, n, be-sharmi, be-im- 
tiyazi, gustakhi. 
Barefoot, a. nange pdnw. 
Barefoot, ad. bina jiite, khule panw. 
Barefooted, a, khule-panw, nange- 

panw. 
Bareheaded, a. khule-sir, nange-sir. 
Bareheadedn^ss, n. sir ka khula 

rahna. 
Barelegged, a. nangi-tangain, khuli 

tangain. 
Barenecked, a. khula,"nangi-gardan. 
Bareness, n. barahnagi, dubla-pan 

lagari, muflisi, iflas, miskini. 
Barepicked, a. haddi tak chilhord 

gaya. 
Bar cribbed, a» dubla. 
Barful, a, rukawat ya rok se bhara 

hua* 
Bargain, n. satfa, 'ahd, qaul-o-qarar, 

sliart, sauda, kharid-farokht, kha- 

ridi ya bench i ch iz. 
Bargain, v. sattak., shart k., bai k., 

farokht k. 
Bargainer, n, bechne ka satta karrxe 



BAR 



22 



. BAS 



Bargaining, n. satta, qaul^ bai'ka Barrack-master, n. sipah-kluine ka 



'ahd. 

Barge, n. bajra, ek qism ki kisliti. 
Barger, Bargeman, n, bajfe kaman- 

jLi ya chalane wala. 
Bargera aster, n, kisliti ka malik. 
Barilla, n, ek per jo uski rakh ke 

liye lagaya jata hiai, jawakhar. 
Bark, n. bakla^ chbal, chhilka, post. 
Barkj v. bakla chlial ya chhilka ni- 

kolna, utarna, ya uthana, chhal 

ya chhilke se dhakna. 
Bark, v. bhaunkna, bhiinkna, jhaun 

jhaun k., kutte ki awaz. 
Bark, Barque, n. jahaz. 
Barkbared, a. bakla chhal ya chhilka 

nikla utara ya uthaya hua. . 
Barker, n, bhaunkne wala, jhaun'- 

jliaun karne wala, bhoijkaha. 
Barky, a. bakledar, chhaldar, chhil- 

kedar. 
Barley, n. jau. [dana. 

Barley corn^ n. jau-bhar, jau ka 
Barm, n. khamir. 
Barmy, n, khamir-dar. 
Barn, n, ktrirnian, ambar-khana ya 

ambar, ghallaghar. .!. 

Barnacle, n. bans ke mushabih, ek 

chiriya, gliore ke nathneij pakame 

ka ek ala. 
Barometer, n. mizan-ul-hawa. 
Barometrical, a. mizanu-1-hawa ke 

muta'alliq, mizanu-1-hawa se nis- 

bat-dar. 
Baron, n, Inglistan ke umaraon ka 

ek darja jo Vaikaunt ke darje ke 

lipar hota hai. 
Baronage, n. baran ka darja ya 

amlak, janii 'umara yii baran. 
Baroness, n, baran ki begam. 
Baronet, n, baran ke darje ba'd ka 

darja. 
Baronial, a. baran ke mutaalliq, 

baran ki milkiyat ke mutaalliq. 
Barony, n. baran jo ahaliyan-i-farang 

ke am iron ke ek darje ka khitab 

hai uski milkiyat. 

Baroscope, n. mizanul-hawa. 

Baroscopical, a. muta'alliq-i-mizanul- 

hawd, inansub-ha-niizdn ul-hawa. 

23njTack, ?i, cii/^a JTiii, sipah-khaua, 
bunk. 



muhtamim ya nigah-ban. 
Barrator, w. adalat men da'woii ki 

targib dene wala, muqqaddama ya 

nalish ubharne wala. 
Barratry, n. da'won aur jhagron ki 

targib dene ki *adat. 
Barrel, n, pipa, nal, liali, ponga 

pongi, chonga, chongi. 
Barrel, v, pipe men rakhna, pongti, 

choQga ya chongi men rakhna. 
Barren, a. shor, be-samar ya be- 

samara, tang, kam-zihn,-sust, lisar. 
Barrenly, ad, shori se, banjh-pane se. 
Barrenness, n. shori^at, shori, tangi. 
Barricade, n. qaF-a-bandi, naka-ban- 

di, kiicha-bandi. 
Barricade, v. qaFa-bandi k., kiicha- 

bandi k., naka-bandi k., mazbiit k. 
Barrier, n. khandaq, morcha-bandi, 

panah, qal'a, rok, sar hadd, hadd* 

bandi. 
Barristel*, /t. adalat ka wakil. 
Barrow, n. hath se khinchne ki 

chhoti gari, ek pahiye ki clihoti 

gari, hath-gari. 
Barrow, n, siiar. 
Barrow, w. tilah. 

Barter, r. mubadala k., adla-badli k. 
Barter, n, mubadala, tijarat ba- 

'iwaz-mua*waza. 
Barterer, n. mubadale se tijarat 

karne wala. 
Barytes, Baryta, Baryte, w. bhari 

mitti. 
Barytone, a, bhari aur gambhir 

awaz, zahir karne wala. 
Basalt, «, sang-i-miisa, teliya pat* 

thar. 
Basaltic, a. muta'alliq-i-sang-i-miisa. 
Base, n. bunyad, bina kursi. 
Base, V. bunyad dalna ya qaim k. 
Base, V. zalil, diin, paji, waladuz- 

zina, haramzada, be-qadr. 
Baseborn, a. haram-zada, Waladuz* 

zina, razil. 
Basecourt, n. niche ya pichhware ka 

angan, khaliyan ka ghera. 
Baseless, a. be bunyad, be asl. 
Basely, ad. zillat se, be gairati se, 

paji-paiv se. 
\ Basement, u.\a\ft)o\ c\x^^^\v\\v«^ 



BAS 



23 



BAT 



Baseniinded, a. kamina-dil, kamina- 

kliatir, zalil, past, beqaJr. 
Basemindedness, n. mizaj ya dil ki 

kaminagi. 
Baseness, n. paji pan, diini, kamina 

pan, rizal pan, be gairati. 
Basenet, n. kliod, maghfar. 
Bashaw, w. Turkistan ke sultan ka 

siibahdar, magriir shakhs. 
Bashful, a. nazar-chor, sharmila, 

haya-dar, sharm-gin, sharm-nak, 

buz-dil, sharm-angez. 
Bashfully, ad. sharm gairat ya hayd, 

se, buz-dili se. 
Bashfulness, n. sharm, sharm-gini, 

gairat. 
Basil, n, barhai ke hathiyar ki dhar. 
Basil, r. hathiyar ko san ya barh d. 
Basilica, n. ek bara girja. 
Basilicon, n, malbiim, marham. 
Basilisk, n. choti-dar sanp, ek qism 

ki top. 
Basin, n. chhota bartan, talab, 

hauz, kliala, jahaz ke banne ya 

marammat hone ki jagah. 
B.isis, n. Bases, pi. bunyad, bind, 

khambhe ki kursi, pay a jis par 

koi chiz qaim ki jay, asl. 
Bask, V. tapna; tapana, dbiip ya 

gham khana ya khilana. 
Basket, n. tokri, tokra, daura, dauri, 

daliya, khancba, kbtinchi. 
Basket-hilt, w. miith jis se hath ka 

bachaw ho. 
Basket-hilted, a. muth-dar, jis se 

hath ka bachaw ho. 
Bass, a. dher, bhari, wazni. 
Bass, n. chatai. 
Bass, n. samundar ki ek bari nia- 

chhli. 
Basset, n. tas ka khcl. 
Bass-relief, n. woh sang-tarashi ke 

jiski shaklon ka ek rukh malum 

ho. 
Bassoon, n, ek taur ki shahnai. 
Bassviol, Baseviol,7i. sarangi, bansri. 
Bastard, n, haram-zada, waladu-z- 



zhia. 



Bastard, a. hardm-zada, waladu-z- 

zina, naqli, jhuthL 
Bastardize, v. kisi ko Larami-pilla 
mbit k. 



Bastardly, a. naqli, jhiitha, haramf- 

pilla, waladn-z-zinii. 
Bastardy, n. han'uii-zadagi,. haranii- 

pana. 
Baste, V. lakri se mania, chupaina, 

dhaga dalna, halki silai k. 
Bastile, n, shahr-pamih, qal'a, qal'a 

jis men sabiti men Fra»iH ke 

mulk men qaidi rahte the. 
Basting, n. lakri se mar. 
Bastinade, Bastinado, n, lathi se 

marpit. 
Bastinade, v. lathi se mania, hithi- 

yana. 
Bastion, n. biirj, sadd, damdama, 

qal'a. 
Bat, n, bhari daiida jis so geijd 

marte hain. 
Bat, 71, chamgada;*. 
Batch, n. ghan. 
Bate, V, kam k., qimat kani k., takh- 

fif k., kam h. 
Bate, n, jhagra, tanta, bakheia. 
Bateful, a. jhagralii, bakheriya. 
Bateless, a, jo ghat iia sake. 
Batement, n, kamti, kami. 
Batfowler, ?i. rat men jal se chiriyon 

ko pakarne wala. 
Batfowling, n, rjit men jal se chiri- 
yon ko pakarna. 
Bath, n, hammam, gusl-khana, ok 

paimana. 
Bathe, r. gusl karna ya karaiia, ham- 
mam k., nahlaiui, lYa^mJ^ mula- 

im k. ["^al**" 

Bather, n, nahane wala, nahlane 
Bathing, ?i. gusl. 
Bathos, 71, sha'iri men dubna. 
Bating, prep, siwa, ba-jiiz. 
Batlet, n. kundi karne ka mugdar. 
Baton, Batoon, n. chob, 'asa. 
Battalir*, 7i. saf-jirai. 
Battalion, w. paltan, sipahiyon ka 

guroh panch san so a(h sau tak. 
Battailous, a. jangi, laslikari. 
Battel, V, zar khoz k., m«>ta h. 
Battel, a, zar khe^. 
Batten, v, mota k., ya h. 
Batter, v, dl\4\vA>, v^W-is^ ^vi\sfd.^ \.«5k\ 

Batter, u. k\^ ^^^^.w^wx'^'^'^ \-^^^ 



BAY 



24 



BEA 



Batterer, n. dhane walii, girane waJa, 

chalani ya jhanjhsiri karne wala. 
Battering-ram, n, ek jaiigi ala jiska 

sira menrlie ke sir ki tarah liotfi 

tha aur us se sabiq ke log larai 

meii diwar girate the. 
Battery, n, dhahaw, giraw, morclia, 

daindaraa, mar pit, markiit. 
Battisli, a, chamgidar sa. 
Battle, n. larai, jang. 
Battle, V. larna, muqabala k., jang k. 
Battle-array, n. saf-arai, saf-ba-saf. 
Battl(?-axe, n. tabar, ganrasa. 
Battledoor, Battledore, n, khel men 

gend marne ka danda. 
Battlement, n. fasil, diwar jis men 

war ke liye surakli bane hon. 
Battlemented, a. fasil-dar. 
Battling, n. larai, jang. 
Battotologist, n. muhai*rir-i-alfaz-i- 

mutakarrara. 
Battotologize, v. takrar-i-alfaz k., 

jilfaz-i-mutakarrara k.; taqriru-1- 

kalam-i-bt»-faida k. 
Battology, w. takrar-i-alfaz, alfaz-i- 

nmtakarrara ya'ni lafzon ka kai 

bar lana. 
Batty, a. chamgadar ke mnta'alliq. 
Bavarov, n, ek tarah ka labada. 
Bavin, n, indhan ki lakri, anti. 
Bawble, n. halloa galma, khilanna, 

adna chiz. [kutni. 

Bawd, n. bhariia, kutna ya kuttan, 
Bawd, V. pahunchana, randi pahun- 

chana, kuttanpana k., bura k. 
Bawdy, a, bad, zabiin, kliarab. 
Bawdborn, a. kutni yakutneka j anma. 
Bawdily, ad. fahishana, bad-masti se. 
Bawdiness, n, fuhsh, shawat, bad- 
masti. 
Bawdry, n. fuhsh, be-sharmi, la- 

zaban, bad sukhan. 
Bawdy-house, n. kasbi-khana, chhi- 

nal ka ghar ya khana. 
Bawler, n. hank-mame wala, chillane 

wala, pukamewala, gohrane wala, 
Bay, a. kumait, surang, teliya. 
Bay, n, khalij. 
Bay, n, taj, ekqismka kalaperjiski 

pattiyon ka har banakar agle za- 

manon ke log taziman mumtaz 
sh/ikhson ko palmate the. 



Bay, V. bhaunkna, bhiinkna 

Bay, n. bairiyon se ghir jjuic par 

dat jana ya khare ho rahua. 
Bayard n. kumait ghora, ghuinie 

wala. 
Bayardly, a. andlia, ahmaq, be-wu- 

qiif. 
Bayonet, n. sangin. 
Bayonet, v. sangin ghuser d., sangin 

se ghayal k, ya mama, 
Baysalt, n, panga Ion, samandar ke 

pani ka namak bana hua. 
Bay window, n, daricha jo diwar se 

bahar ki taraf nikla ho. 
Bazaar, Bazar, n, bazar, painth. 
Bdellium, n. giigal. 
Be, V. hona, ho jana, rahna. 
Beach, n. sahil, samundar ka kinara. 
Beached, a. sahil par wtiqi, jis par 

mauj lagti ho. 
Beachy, a. sahil-dar. 
Beacon, n. koi chiz jo khabar-dihi 

ke liye kisi buland jagah par ho, 

rat ke waqt jahaz-ranon ki rah- 

numai ke liye fanus^-dar minar. 
Beacon, v. raushan k. 
Beaconed, a. khabar-dihi ke liye 

'alamat-dar, faniis dar. 
Beaconage, n. khabar dene ke liyo 

'alamat dar makanon ya sahil par 

fanus-dar, minaron ke bar qarar 

rakhne ke liye jo zar diya jay. 
Bead, n. dana, mudawwar chiz, man- 

ka, guriya, goli. 
Beadle, n. Inglistan men ek qism ka 

piyada. 
Beadleship, n. Inglistan men ek 

qism ki piyada-gari. 
Beadroll, n. jin shakhson ke waste 

jap ho unki iihrist. 
Beadsman, n. dusre ke liyo jap kar- 
ne wala. 
Beadswoman, n. diisre ke waste jap 

karne wali aurat. 
Beagle, n. ek chhota shikiiri kutta. 
Beak, n. minqar, minqar ke manind 

shai. 
Beaked, a. minqar dar, chonch-dar. 
Beaker, n. piyala, ab-khora. 
Beam, n. shahtir, tarazii ki dandi, 

gari ka jiia, haras, dhenka, hiren 

ka sing. 



BEA 



21 



a 



BEC 



Beam, n. kiran, shu'a. 

Beam, v\ chamakna, kiran d. 

Beamless, a. beshu'a. 

Beamy, a. shahtir-numa, shahtir ke 

mi,iii;id, sing-dar. 
Beamy, a. munaw-war, niirani, rau- 

slian, sliu'a-dar. 
Bean, n. lobiya, bo a, sera. 
Bear, r. le-janayalechalna, sanbhal- 

na, salmd, bhogna, manna, janna, 

byana, phalna, pballana, phal d. 
Bear, n. khirs, rich, bhaln. 
Bearbaiting, n. bhaluon ko kutton 

86 torwana ya katwana. 
Beard, n. dai'hi, rish, tir ya mekh ki 

phiribui nok. 
Beard, v. darhi nochna, samna k., 

maqablak.* 
Bearded, a. risli-dar, rishail, khar- 

dar. 
Beardless, a. be-rish, kam sin, na- 

mard. 
Bearer, n. hamil, hammal, mahra, 

kliidmatgaj*. 
Bear-garden, n. kbirs-khana, bhaluon 

ke rakhne ki jagah. 
Bearherd, Bearward, n. bhalii-ban, 

bhaluon ka rakhwala. 
Bearing, n. waz', halat, nianzar, 

qiyaf a, chihra, bashra, rukh, taraf, 

simt. 
Bearing-cloth, n. wah kapra ki jis 

se ek bachche ko orha-kar 'Isai 

mazhfib men dakhil karne ko le- 

j4te hain. 
Bearish, a, bhaliisa, richh sa. 
Bearlike, a. bhalii sa. 
Beast, n. haiwan, janwar, dawab, 

haiw4n-admi. 
Beastlike, a. haiwan sa. 
Beastliness, n. haiwaniyat, gilazat, 

najasat, gandagi. 
Beastly, a. .behdim-sirat, haiwan- 

khaslat, ganda, na-pak, haiwan sa. 
Beat, V, "pitiia, kiitna, marna, kuchal 

dalnd, main a, pfew rakhna, khnn- 

dalna, raiundna, chahalna, jitna, 

jhikorna, bauchhar mama, chalna, 

uchhalna, dhukdhuk k., tis mania, 

tapakna. 
Beat, n. mar, war, chot, tis, tapak, 

dharak,. nan ki chai. 



Beaten, p. a. marne, randno, chahie 

ya khundane se chikna kiyagaya, 

mania raunda ya mara hua. 
Beater, n. pitne wala, kutne wala, 

hath-chhut, miisal, mugri. 
Beatific, Beatifical, a. farhat-baklish, 

raliat-angez, ra)iat-afza. 
i3eatifically,arf.bari khuslii se, kamal 

farhat se, bihishti se. 
Beatification, n. kisi murde shakhs 

ki bihisht men mudaklialat. 
Beatify, v. asiidii khiish baslisbash ya 

shad k., bihishti-khushi se ya 

asiida k. 
Beating, n, zad-o-kob, saza, tambih. 
Beatitude, n. niliayat farhat, kamal 

asaish ya aram, bihishti. 
Beau, n. Beaux, pi, banka, chhaila, 

chikaniya. 
Beauish, a. banke, chhaile ya chi- 

kaniye sa, albela, chhabila, ran- 

gila. 
Beauteous, a. khiibsiirat, basin, tuh- 

fa, nafis,dil-ruba,namkin, maqbiil. 
Beauteously, ad, khub-siirati se, 

husn, acch-chhi tarah se. 
Beauteousness, n, khub-siirati, khush 

riii, jamd-1. 
Beautiful, a. khub-surat, khiish-ru, 

ha sin, tuhfa, pakiza. 
Beautifully, ad, khiib-siirati se, husn 

se, khiib tarah se. 
Beautifulncss, n. khiish -numai, 

^hiish-nii, khiib-siirati, jamal. 
Beautifier, n. arasta ya kbnb-siirat 

karne wala, zinat dene wala, zeb 

dene wala. 
Beautify, v, khiib surat k., arasta k., 

zinat d., zeb d. 
Beautifying, n, zebaish, araish, aras- 

tagi. 
Beauty, n, khiib-surati, khiib-riii, 

khush nnmai, jamal, khiib surat 

shakhs, parizad. 
Beauty-spot, n. khal, til. 
Beaver, n. lidbilaw, lidbilaw ke bal 

ka khara top jo Angrez log dete 

hain. 
Beavered, a, lidbilaw ke bal ki topi 

diye hue. 
Becafico, n.. ek chhoti. <i.\i\\\i*k^ 'iiXsSjct 



BED 



26 



BEE 



Becalm, v, faro k., rafa k., liawa-band 

k., taskin d. 
Because, conj, is waste ki, is liye ki, 

lihaza, kyiinki, kis waste ki, kyiin- 

kar. 
Becliarm, v. farefta k., mail k. 
Bechance, v. waqi* h., ittifaq h., sar- 

zad h., guzarna. 
Beck, V. sir se ishara k., sir ke isha- 

re se bulana. 
Beck, n. sir se isliara, sir-jhukaw. 
Beckon, v. ishara k., ima k. 
Beckon, n, ima, ishara. 
Becloud, V. dhundhla k., andhera k. 
Become, v, ho-jana, ho-ana, muwafiq 

h., zeb d., munasib h. 
Becoming, a. khush-numa, miizai- 

yab, zeb-awar, laiq, saza-war, la- 

zim. 
Becomingly ad. khush-numai se, 

zebawari se, liyaqat se. 
Becomingness, n, zebaish, arastagi, 

munasabat, liyaqat, shaistagi, 

khush numai. 

m 

Becripple, v, langra k., panga k. 
Bed, n, bichhauna, sej, kiyari, tah-i- 

darya, nadi ka than thai ya pet, 

jis jagah par se nadi bahti hai, 

khal, parat, tab, tabaq. 
Bed, V. bichhaune par baithalna, bi- 

chhaune par litana, bona, ropna ya 

lagana, murattab k., tab men 

rakhna, hambistar k., ya h. 
Bedabble, v. bhigona, chhirakna, 

chhitte d. 
Bedaggle, v. kichar men bhama, 

kichar lagana, kichar men ghisla- 

na. 
Bedash, v. bhigona, pani ya kichar 

ke chhitte d. 
Bedaub, v. lagana, lesna, sotna, pot- 

na, bharna. 
Bedazzle, v. tirmirana, chundhyana. 
Bedding, n. bisat, bistar, bichhauna. 
Bedchamber, n. khwab-gah, aram- 

gah. 
Bedclothes, n. bichhaune ka bala- 

posh, palang-posh. 
Bedeck, v. arasta k.^ zeb d., araish 
jt. jd d. zinat k. ja> d. 
Bedew^ r, nam-mk k., tar k., bM- 

£•012/1. 



V. 

Bedfellow, n. ham-bistar, ham-khwab,f ^ 

ham-palang. 
Bedhanging, n, masahri. 
Bedight, v. draish ya z ebaish k., arastaK 

k., libas pahnana, poshak pahrani] 
Bedim, v. dhundhla k., dhundhlani,] 

chundhla k., andherd k., tarik k. 
Bedizen, v. zebaish k., libas ya po-| 

shak pahnana. 
Bedlam, n. Landan shar men maj-l 

nunoQ ka shifa-khana, pagal khar| 

na, majniin ya diwana shakhs. 
Bedlam, a. majniin, diwdna, pagal. 
Hedlamite, n. majniin ya diwana j 

shaikhs, pagal. 
Bedmaker, n. farrash, bichhaxina| 

bichhane waJa. 
Bedmate, n. ham-bistar, ham-khwi-j 

ba, ham-palang. 
Bedraggle, v, litharna, kapron ko 

kichar men ghasitkar maila t, 

Aliida k. 
Bedrench, v. tar-ba-tar k., bhigoni. 
Bedrid, Bedridden, a. umr darazi ya 

bimari se jo uth na sake, sdhib-i- 

bistar. 
Bedroom, n. khwab gah, aram gah. 
Bedrop, v. chhirakna, chhi^ d. yi 

mamd, bindki bundki yd chhit^ 

lagana. 
Bedside, n. bistare ki taraf. 
Bedstead, n. palang, charpai, kta- 
^ tiya, khatola. 
Bedtime, w. sone ka waqt, aram kft 

waqt. 
Beduck, v. dtibona, ghote d. 
Bedung, v. lid ya gobar dalna. 
Bedye, v. dagail k., dagi k., rung w 

kharab k. 
Bee, n. shahd ki makkhi. 
Beech, n. ek qism ka darakht. 
Beechen, a. bich ke darakht per ka. 
Beef, n. bail sanr ji gij kd mass. 
Beef, a. bail sanr yd gay ke maijski 
Beefeater, gay ka goshtkhane wdl^ 

Inglistan ke badshdh ki Jk^hds 

chauki ka sipahi. 
Beefwitted, a. ahmaq, be-wuqiif, 

kund. 
Beegaidexv, u. Ta.adVviiLmakkhi ya 



BEG 



27 



BEH 



Beehive, 71. madhumakkhikaclihatU | Beggar, v. faqir k., iflas yd muflisi 



K 



r 



i 



I 






\ 



ya chhata. [ne wala. 

Beemaster, n. shahd ki makklii pal- 
Been, 2^' P' ^^4 (p, p. of be.) 
Beer, n, boza, buza, ek qism ki jau 

ki sharab. 
Beet, n. chuqandar, sullaq. 
Beetle, n. bhari mogra, gubrauta, 

gubrila ; qism-i-kird. 
Beetle, v, bahar ubharnd, baliar ya 

npar latakna ya nikal ana. 
Beetlebrowed, a, ubhari yd linchi 

peshani-dar. 
Beetleheaded, a. be-wuqiif, kund, 

snst, ahmaq. 
Beetleatock, n. mongre ya mongri 

ki mtith ya muthya. 
Beeves, «, mawashi, bail. 
Befall, V. sar-zad h., nazil h., wdqi li. 
Befit, V. muwafiq h., munasib h., 

Idiq h., zeb d. 
Befoam, v. pLen se bhar dend yd 

bhar ana. 
Befool, V. khabti, ahmaq ya be-wu- 

qiif banana. 
Before, prep, dge, samne, rti ba-rd, 

ma-qabl, peshtar, afzal, aulatar. 
Before, ad, peshtar, pahle, guzre 

zamane men, ma-qabl, us waqt tak, 

tab tak, ab tak, age. 
Beforehand, ad. awwalan,^ peshtar ge. 
Beforetime, ad, sabiq men, sabiq, 

zamana-i-salu men, guzre zamdne 

men. 
Befortune, v, waqi' h., guzarnd, wuqii' 

men dna, sar-zad h. 
Befoul, V, maila k , bhar dalna. 
Befriend, v. dast giri k., murabbi- 

gari k., pushti k., madad k., mihr 

b4ni k. 
Befringe, v. jhalar se sajna. 
Beg, V. chahnd, darkhwast k., niyaz 

k., bhikh-mangna, gadai k., gadai 

86 anqdt-basri k. 
Beget, V. janana ya jannd, tawallud 

k., mawallad k., paida k. 
Begetter, n, janne waU, paida karne 

wdld, nikalne wala. [ho. 

Beggable, a. jo mange jdne ke laiq 
Beggar, n. sail, darkhwast karne 

Tri/4 gadd^ darwezngar, be-nawa, 
khaii'dt-khor. 



men dalna, khdlf k. 
Beggarliness, n. kaminagi, khiffat, 

ziilat, iflas, mufflisi, tangdasti. 
Beggarly, a, kamind, muflis^ tihi 

dast. 
Beggarly, ad. kaminagi, ya iflas se, 

daryuza gari. 
Beggary, n. iflas, faqiri, gada gari, 

be-nawdi, tang-dasti. 
Begilt, a, sone se mulamma' kiya hua. 
Begin, v. shurii k. ya h., lagna, 

ibtida k., agaz h. 
Beginner, n, bani, mujid, nau-amoz, 

mubtadi. 
Beginning, n. dgaz, ibtida, shurii', 

sabab, asl, awwal hissa,.bunyad. 
Beginningless, a. be-shurii', be-bun- 

yad, be-asl, be-ibtida. 
Begird, l^egirt, v, gherlend, lapetnd, 

bandbna. 
Beglerbeg, n, Turkistan kd ek nazim. 
Begnaw, v. chabana, chabna, pbar- 

khana, dant se-kat khdna, kutarna. 
Begone, int. chale jdo, diir ho, chala 

ja. 
Begrime, v, maila k., siyah fam k., 

aliida k. 
Begrudge, v, has ad k., kin a rakhnd. 
Beguile, v, fareb d., dagd d., bachlana, 

guzdrnd waqt kd. 
IJeguiler, n, farebi, dagd dene wala, 

waqt katne w , bahlane wdla. 
Behalf, n. taraf, janib, faida, wasta, 

sabab, khatir, haqqiqar men. 
Behave, v, waz* ikhtiyar k., rawiya 

ikhtiydr k., cbal ikhtiyar k., su- 

liik k., pesh dna. 
Behaviour, n, waz,' ravish, rawiya, 

rahravish, tariq, nishaSt bar-khast, 

suluk, dhung, taur. 
Behead, v. gardan marna, sir kat 



Behemoth, n. wah janwar jiskd 
bayan Job ki kitab men hai, aur 
jisko log daryai ghora tasawwur 
karte hain. 

Behest, n, hukm, amr. 

Behind, prep. p*»s-gaibat^ i^i<i,VJx^, 

BeVmd, ad. ^\OdiV, ^^^-^^^ ^V'S^^i 



BEL 



28 



Beliindliand, ad. baqaya se, der se, 

siist, kashida, pas-pa, pichhe se. 
Behold, V. nigah k., nazar k., mu- 

shabada k., deklina. 
Beliold, int, dekho. 
Beholden, p, a, mammin, ihsan 

inand. 
Behoof, n. faida, nafa, hasil. 
Behoovable, a. inufid, faida-mand, 

zarur. 
Behoove, Behove, v, zariir h.. farz 
h., laiq h., inunasib L., zeb d., 

mawafiq h. 
Behooveful, a. mundsib, laiq, zarur, 

inufid. 
Being, n, hasti, wajud, ahwal, halat, 

jandar. 
Belabour, v. marna, pitnii, kiitnii, 

thonkna. 
Belaced, a. kalabatiin se bandha 

hua, les lagi hui. 
B elate, v. rokna, der k. tharjana. 
Belatedness, n, dirangi, der,*8usti, 

kdhili. 
Belay, v. rah roknd, inuhdsara k,, 

glier lend, rassi bandhna. 
Belch, V. dakarna, dliakar lend. 
Belch, n. dliakar. 
Beldam, w. burhiyd, bad-siirat aurat, 

dain; churaih 
Beleaguer, v. muhasara k., ghernd. 
Belfry, n, ghanta-ghar. 
Belie, v, jhiitha k., jbiithldnd, bad- 

goi k., tuhmat bdndhna, ittilidm 

lagdnd, buhtan land yd lagdnd. 
Belief, n. bdwar, i'tibdr, yaqin, i'ti- 

qdd, rde, kliiydl, aqida, imdn, din. 
Believable, a. i'tibdr ke laiq, qdbil- 

i'tiqdd, bdwar pazir, mu'tabar, 

mu'tamad. 
Believe, v. i'tiqddk., i'tibdrk., yaqin 

k., bdwar k., yd rakhnd, jannd 

i'tiqdd Idnd, imdn Idne. 
Believer, n. yaqin karne wdld, bdwar 

karne wdld, mu'taqid. 
Belike, ad. shdyad, gdliban. 
Bell, n, ghari, ghauta, ghante-nu- 

md shai. 
Belle, n. albeli, bdnki, rangili. 
Belles-lettres, n, inshd, 'ihn-o-fazl, 

'ilm-o-hunar, fazl-o-baldgat. 
J3ellilower^ n, gliante-numd pbiil. 



BEM 

Bellfoander, n. ghanta dhdlne wala, 

ghantd bandne wdld. 
Bellhanger, n. ghantd latkdne wdla. 
Belligerent^ a. jang'kanie wdld, jang- 

dwar, jangi, bahadur. 
Belligerent, n. jang-dwar qanm. 
Bellman, n. ghantd-pdnre, ghanta 

bajdne wdld. 
Bellmetal, n. kdnsa, bhart, phiil, 

ghantd bandne ki dhdt. 
Bellow, IK dahaknd, banbdna^ garajna. 
Bellow er, 71. dahakne banbdne yd 

garajne wdld. 
Bellowing, n, gai*aj, gharghardhat. 
Bellows, 71. dhaunkni, bhdtthi. 
Bellringer, n, ^antd pdijre, ghanta 

bajdne wdld. 
Bellrope, n, ghantd bajdne ki rassi, 

jis lassi se ghantd bajdyd jdta hai. 
Belluine, a, haiwdni, haiwdn sd, hai- 

wdn-sirat, bahaim-sirat. 
Bellwether, w. ghantd-ddr bher ki 

jiske pichhe bher on kd jhund 

chaltd hai. 
Belly, n. sLikam, pet. 
Belly, V, phiil uthnd, ubha^dnd, siij- 

jand. 
Bellyache, n. dard-i-^shikam, pecliisli. 
Bellyband, n. ghore kd tang. 
Bellyful, w. bhar-pet, pet-bhar dsiida. 
Bellygod, 71. shikam-banda, shikam- 

parast. 
Belly pinched, a. fdqa-zada, fdqa- 

kash, bhiikhd. 
Bellyslave, w. shikam-parast, petii. 
Belly timber, n. khurdk, gizd, qiit. 
Belong, V, muta'alliq h., milk h., 

aldqa-ddr h., aldqa rakhnd, ta'al- 

luq rakhnd. 
Beloved, p, a, bahut chalid yd pydr 

kiyd gayd. 
Beloved, a. aziz, dil-dar, ma'shiiq, 

mahbub. 
Below, prep, jagah waqt yd darje 

men niche, tale, zer, kamtar. 
Below, ad, niche, zer. 
Belt, n, kamar-band, dodl, partala^ 

peti. 
Belt, V. kamar-band yd peti se lapet- 

nd, ghernd. 
Bemangle, v, phdmd, chitharnd, tuk- 

rc-tukre k., dhajjiydn urand. 



BEN 



29 



BEB 



I 



Bemask, v. chhipana^ lukana. 
Betaaze^ v. ghabrana, bhuland, bhat- 

kandy t'ajjub men dalna^ ma- 
th aiyar k. 
Bemire, v. kichar men bhama, la- 

therna, kicher men, aliida k. 
Bemoan, r. afsos k., ta'assuf k., nala 

k., wa-waila k., rona. 
Bemoaning, w. wa-waila, ta'assuf, 

afsos, runj. 
Bemock, v. hansi k., thatta k. 
Bemoil, v. kichar men bhama. 
Bemonster, v, haul-nak k., khaf- 

zada k. 
Bemoum, v. nala mama, ta'assuf k., 

afsos k., wa-waila k., rona. 
Bemused, a. fikr-o-khauz se thaka 

hua, khwab dekhne wala, ghor-o- 

fikr men diiba hiia. 
Bench, n, takhta, munsif ki nishast 

ka takhta ya chauki, hukkam, 

mmisifdn. 
Bench, v. takhte muhaiya k. ya ba- 

ham pahnn-chana 
Bencher, n, fiqh ke madrase ke aw- 

wal darje ka shagird. 
Bend, v. terha k., jhukana ya jhuk- 
• na, nihurana ya nihuma, morna 

yamurna, nawana, ya nauna, jitnd, 

lejana, lagana. 
Bend, n, ^erhai, bal, phiraw, jhukaw, 

khami. 
Bender, n. terha kame wala, jhuka- 

ne wala. 
Bent, n. khami, rujii, khinch, ka- 

shish, ragbat, qasd, musta'idi. 
Beneath, prep, zer, kamtar, na-zeb, 

na-mtiwafiq. 
Beneath, ad. niche. 
Benediction, n, du'a, shukr, dariid. 
Benefaction, n. mihrbani, neki, neko- 

kdri, ihsan. 
Benefactor, n, ihsan ya neki karne 

wala. 
Benefactress, w. ihsan yd neki kame 

wali. 
Benefice, n, padri ki ma'ash ya ma- 

'ishat. 
Beneficed, a, padri ki ma'ash rakhne 

wala. 
Beneficence, n. nek-kari, neko-kari, 

faiya^i, sakhdwat. 



Beneficent, a, neko-kar, mihr-ban, 

faiyaz, sakhi. 
Beneficently, ad, neko-kari se, faiyd- 

zi se, mihr-bani se. 
Beneficial, a, mufid, siid-mand. 
Beneficially, ad, faida-mandi se, sud- 

mandi se. 
Beneficiary, a, zer, tabi, md-taht. 
Beneficiary, n. jo shakhs padri ki 

ma'ishat rakhta ho, dusre se faida 

uthane wala, khai-rat-khpr. 
Beneficiency, n, mihr-bani, karam, 

faiydzi. 
Beneficient, a. neko-kar, faiydz, mihr- 

ban. 
Benefit, w. mihrbani, i^af, fdida. 
Benefit, v, neki k., fdida uthanayd d. 
Benevolence, n, . nek-andeshi, mihr- 
bani, faydzi, nikoi. t 
Benevolent, a. nek-khwdh, khair- 

andesh, sawab-andesh, mihr-bdn. 
Benevolently, ad, mihr-bdni se, fazl 

se. 
Benevolous, a, mihr-bdn, dost-par- 

wdr. 
Benight, v, tariki men ddlnd, shab 

men mubtala k., shab-rasida k. 
Benign, a. mihr-bdn, karim, salim, 

muldim. 
Benignly, ad, mihr-bdni se, karam se. 
Benignant, a. karim, shafiq, khaliq, 

mihr-bdn. 
Benignity, n. karam, mihr-bdni, sha- 

fdqat. 
Benison, n. du'd. 
Bent, n, ghds, diib. 
Benumb, v. thithurdnd, sun k., ka- 

thudnd, laki'i k., thithm-nd. 
Bezoin, n, lobdn. 
Bepaint, v, rang se bharnd. 
Bepinch, v, chutki ke ddg ddlnd. 
Bepowder, v, bukni yd chiiran ddlnd 

yd urrdnd. 
Pepraise, v, had se ziyadd td'rif k. 
Bequeath, v. de jana, wasiyat men 

dend, hibd k., bakhshish k. 
Bequest, n. hibd, wasiyat, matriika, 

tarkd, waqf. 
Berate, v, jhiraknd. ddnt na, dhamk 

d. 
Berattle, v. shor se bhama, ghul k. 
Berc, u. ek c^^m Vi\^^^» 



BES 



30 



BET 



Bereave, i;, chhin-lena, liit-lena, le- 

lena. 
Bareavement, n. nnqsan, zawal. 
Berhyme, v, qafiye ya shi'r men ba- 

yan k. 
Berlin, n, ek qism ki gari jo pahle 

Barlin shahr men bani tbi. 
Berry, w. koi chbotd pbal jis men 

gutbli hoti bai. 
Bertb, n. langar-gab, jabdz me© ek 

kotbri, kbwab-gab. 
Beryl, w. firoza. 
Bescrawl, v, gbasit-kar likbna, gba- 

sit dalna, bura likbna. 
Bescreen, v. bacbana, ar k., cbbipana, 

Inkdna. 
Bescribble, v. bura likbna, gbasitrkar 

likbnA. 
Beseech, r. ajizi k., iltimas k., is- 

tidu'a k. 
Beseecber, w. sail, darkbwast karne 

wala, guzarisb iltimas yd'arz karne 

wala. 
Beseem, v. munasib b., laiq b., zeb d. 
Beseeming, a. munasib, laiq. 
Beseeming, n. kbiib-siirati, kbiisb- 

an-dami, busn, kbiibi. 
Beseemly, a. munasib, Idiq. 
Beset, V. mubasarak., gberna, cbbenk- 

na, diq k. 
Besetting, p, a, bamesba gbeme, 

bamrah bone, ya dabane wala. 
Besbrew, v. bad-du'a d., kosna, gall 

dena. 
Beside, Besides, ^r^/?. kinare, nazdik, 

'alawa, ziwa, gair-mutd,biq, bajuz. 
Beside, ad, mdsiwa, 'alawa. 
Besiege, v. mubasara k., gber lend. 
Besieger, n. mubasir, gberne wald. 
Besmear, v, bhar dena, bbarna, bbar- 

marna, maila k., sondbna, lipna, 

lagana. 
Besmut, v, dbuan, kajal ya kalak se 

maila k. 
Besom, n, jbdrii, 
Besort, v. mundsib k., muwafiq k., 

Uiq k. 
Besot, V, be-bosb k., sarsbdr k., be- 

kbud k. \_^i se. 

Besottedly, ad. be-bosbi se, be-kbu- 
Besottedness, ti. be-kbudi, be-bosbi, 

sarshkri. 



Bespangle, r. afsbau k., sitare-numa 

cbizon se zinat d. 
Bespatter, v. kicbar ke cbbitte dal- 
na, bbar dena, kalanki k. 
Bespisak, r. age se kab-rakbna, le- 

rakbna, rok-rakbna. 
Bespeaker, w. age se kab-rakbne 

wala, rok-rakbne wala. 
Bespeckle, r. kabrd k., cliit-kabra k. 
Bespice, v, masdlon se bagbarna, ma- 
sale bbarnd, masalon se acbcbbe 

swad ka karna. 
Bespit, V. tbiik se bbarna, tbiik bhar- 

marna. 
Bespot, r. kabra ya cbit-kabrd k., 

dhabbd yd dbappa lagana ya ddlna. 
Bespread, v. upar cbbit-rand, cbbite 

d., bitbrana yd pbaildnd. 
Besprinkle, r. cbbite d., cbbitrana, 

cbbiraknd, aliida k. 
Bespurt, v. cbbornd, picbkdri pbenk- 

nd, cbbiitnd. 
Best, a. acbcbbe se acbcbbd, sab se 

aciicbbd. 
Bestain, v. bbamd, bbar ddlnd, dbab- 

bd yd dbappd lagdnd. 
Bestead, v. faidd k., kbabar-giri k., 

mdil k., rdgib k. 
Bestial, a. baiwdn-sirat, baiwani, 

wabsbi. 
Bestiality, w. baiwdniyat, baiwdn si 

sirat. 
Bestialize, v. baiwdn sd k., wabsbi k.> 

bdbaim-sirat k. 
Bestially, ad, baiwdniyat, wabsbi 

pan. 
Bestick, v, atkdrid, ajburdnd, jbukd- 

nd, pliernd. 
Bestir, r. sar-garm k., musta'idd k., 

liksdnd, utbdnd, kdm men lagdnd. 
Bestow, t?. dend, de-ddlnd, lagana. 
Bestowal, n, ddn, dend. 
Bestower, w. dene wdld, lagdne wala. 
Bestrew, v. cbbiraknd, cbbite d., 

pbaildnd, bitbrdnd. 
Bestride, v. donon tdngon ke bich 

menkarke baitband, cbarb-baitba- 

nd, pbdnd-baitnd. 
Bestud, I?, jarnd, pbuliydnd, pbiil 

jarnd. 
Bet, «. sbart, bdzi. 
Bet, x\ sbart badnd ya lagdnd. 



BEW 



31 



BIB 



Betting, n. sliart-bazi. 

Bettor, n. sharti, shart lagane 

wala. 
Betake, v, rujii k., masriif k., lana, 

daurana, le-jand. 
Betel, n, pan, turibiil, barg-i-tunbol. 
Betliiuk, V. yad k., qaur k., khauz k., 

ma'liim k., kbiijal k. 
Bethump, t?. pitna, thonkna, mama. 
Betide, v, waqi' li. sar-zad h., a-par- 

na, a-gima. 
Betime, Betimes, ad. sawere, bar- 

"waqt, bar-mahal, munasib waqt 

men. 
Betoken, v, batlana, dalalat k. 
Betom, p, a. tukre tukre kiya gayd, 

cbitbara gay a. [dalua. 

Betoss, V. biiana, dulana, ucbhalna. 
Betray, t>. daga-b^zi se saunpna ya 

batlana, parda-darik., be-wafai k., 

fish k. 
Betrayer, n, daga-bazi se saunpne 

wala, daga-baz, farebi. 
Betrim, v. araish, yazebaish, yazinat 

dend ya k. 
Betrotb, v, mansiib k., nisbat k., 

maQgni k, 
Betrothment, w/ shadi kame ka 

'ahd-o-paiman, bydli ka qaul, 

mangni, sagaeye. 
Betrust, v, saunpnd, bharosa k. 
Better, r. islab dena, bihtar k., taq- 

wiyat dena. 
Better, n. buzurg bar tar. 
Better, a. bihtar. 
Better, ad, anlatar, bihtar. 
Betumbled, p, a. garbar, dhiiltaya 

hda, latya-a-hiia. 
Between, prep, bich, bich meii; apas 

men, do ke bich. 
Betwixt, j?r^^. do ke bich ya bich 

mei^ apas men. 
Bevel, Bevil, n. koniya, jhukaw ya 

tirchai, khami. 
Beverage, w. sharbat, shurb. 
Bevy, n. guroh, gol, tumar, jhund. 
Bewail, v, gham k., afsos k., zari k., 

matam k. 
Bewailer, n, gham kame wala, afsos 

karne w41^ zari kame wala. 
Bewailing, n. gham, afsos, matam, 

dho-zari. 



Beware, v. hosh-yar rahna, kliabar- 

dar h. ya rahiiii, agah h. 
Beweep, v, rona. 
Bewilder, v, bliulana, bhatkana, gha- 

brana, pareshan k. 
Bewitch, v. jd.dii k., furefta k., gir- 

wida k., sihr k., afsun k. 
Bewitcher, n, fai*efta karne wala, 

girwida karne wala, sihr karne 

wala, afsiin karne wala,* jadiigar. 
Bewitch ery, w. jadii, afsiin, sihr, fa- 

refta karne ki khasivat. 
Bewitchfal, a. dil-ruba, dil-fareb. 
Bewitching, a, dil-fareb, dilrruba. 
Bewitchingly, ad. dil-rubai se, dil- ♦ 

farebi se. 
Bewitchment, n. dil-rubai, farefta 

karne ki khasiyat. 
Bewray, r. daga-bazi se parda-dari 

k., batla dena, fash k., zahir k." 
Bewrayer, n, daga-bazi se batla dengL 

wala, dagd-baz, fash karne waU. 
Beyond, prep, ns taraf, uske age, 

samne, barh-kar, afzal. 
Beyond, ad, diir, udhar. 
Bezel, n, aegiithi ke nagine ka 

khan a. 
Bezoar, n. pazahr, zalir-mnhra. 
Bezoardic, a, pazahr ka bana, zalir- 

muhre ka bana. 
Bezoardical, a. zahr-muhrd-amez^ 

zahr-mnhre ki khasiyat rakhne 

wala. 
Bias, n, jhukaw, wazn, mail, rujiiy 

taraf-dari, kashish. 
Bias, V. mail k., kashish k., ragib k., 

taraf-dar k. 
Bib, «. bahut sharab pina, piyala- 

bazi k. 
Bib, n, bachchon ki chhjiti par ka 

kapra. 
Bibber, n. sharabi, nasha-khor. 
Bibulous, a. jazib, ab-kash. 
Bible, n, Isaiyon ki kitab-i-muqad- 

das, tauret aur injil. 
Biblical, a. tauret aur injil ke muta'- 

alliq, Isaiyon ki pak kitab ke 

Lfita'alliq. 
Bibliographer, n. kitabon ka janne 

waU. 
Bibliographical, a. kvViW^v \fc '^i^issi. 
\ ke muW«iXV\<\. 



BIG 



32 



BIL 



Bibliography, w. kitabon ka bayan 
ya 'ilm. 

Bibliomania, n. kitabon ki hirs, qa- 
dim ya nadir kitdbon ki shaidai. 

Bibliomaniac, n. kitabon ka hirsi, 
qadim ya nadir kitabon ka sliaida. 

Bibliopolist, n. ki tab-faro sh. 

Biblio thecal, a. muta'alliq-i-ku tub- 
khan a. 

Bibliothecary, n. muhafiz-i-kutub- 
khana, kutub-khane kd daroga. 

Bice, n, nila ya sabz rang. 

Bicipital, BicipitoUs, a, do-sira, do- 
sir wala. 
* Bicker, v, larna, jhagarna, dii ba dii 
h., lahakna. 

Bickering, n, larai, jhagra, tanta. 

Bickern, n, nok-dar lolia. 

Bicorne, Bicornous, a. do-shakha, 
do-singi. 

Bid, r. hiikm k., farmana, irshad k., 
khwahish k., pesh-nihad k., qimat 
dene ko kahna, da'wat k., tawa- 
zu' k. 

Bidder, n. qimat kame wala, qimat 
dene ki khwahish karne wala. 

Bidding, n, hukm, farman, irshdd, 
qimat ki pesh-nihadi, qimat dene 
ki khwahish. 

• 

Bide, V, sukiinat k., rahna, qaim rah- 
na, tahammul k., bar-das ht k. 

Bidental, a. do-danta, do-dant wala. 

Bidet, 71. ek chhota ghora. 

Biding, w. sukiinat, mask an, rahne 
ka maqam, istiqamat, qiyamat. 

Biennial, a. do-sala, do-sal tak rahne 
wala, do- sal men hone Wala. 

Bier, n, lanaza, tabiU. 

•Bifid, Bifidated, a, do-shakha, do-his- 
son men phata hua. 

Bifold, a. do-chand, dohra. 

Biform, Biformed, a. do-rukha, do- 
shakla. 

Biformity, n. dohri siirat ya shakl. 

Bifronted, a. do-munha, do-mukhre 
wala. 

Bifurcated, a. do shakh-dar, do-sha- 
kha. 'f 

Bifurcation, w. do-shakhon men taq- 
sim. 

Big, a. kalan, jasim, azim, hamila, 
g-dbhin^ Tna*mur, pur, phiila. 



Bigamist, n. do jorii wala, do joru- 

dar. 
Bigamy, w. do jorii rakhne ka gunah. 
Biggin, w. bachche ki tojn. 
Bight, w. ghumaw, khari, rassi ki 

gunrli ya genrur. 
Bigly, ad. guriir se, shekhi se, gha- 

mand se, ainthkar, phiilkar. 
Bigness, 71. jasamat, miqdar, qad, 

mutai, barai. 
Bigot, n. jo shakhs ke kisi janib 

mazhab ya rae ki pairavi shiddat 

se karta hai, muta'assib, ta'assubi. 
Bigot, a. muta'assib, ta'assubi. 
Bigoted, a. muta'assib, ta'assubi. 
Bigotry, n, ta'assub, jihl-i-murak- 

kab. 
Bilander, n. chhota saudjigari jahaz. 
Bilberry, w. ek chhoti jhari aur uska 

phal. 
Bilbo, n. nimchd, talwar. 
Bile, n, safra, zahra, zard ab. 
Biliary, a. safre se muta'alliq. 
Bilious, a. safrdwi, zahrawi. 
Bilge, 7i. jahaz ke tale ki chaurai, 

pipe ka gumrd, dhibka yd ubhdr. 
Bilge, t?. jahaz ke tale chhed h., 

paniyana, pdni lena, pani churana, 

pani nikalna. 
Bilingsgate, n. fuhsh, dush-nam, ga- 

li, lanat-o-malamat. 
Bilk, V. daga-bazi k., fareb d. ya k., 

may lis k., dhokha d. 
Bill, 71. chonch. 
Bill, V. chumma lena, chdmna, chonch 

milana, lar-pyar k., duUrna, dular 

tafna. 
Bill, n, daw, kulhari, ganrasa. 
Bill, 71. navisbta, dain wajibkahisab, 

ain ka musawwada. 
Billet, 71. chhota kunda. 
Billet, ruqq'a, sipahiyon ki sukiinat 

muqarar karne ka ruqq'a. 
Billet, V. sipahiyon ko basana. 
Billet-doux, n, ashiqana ruqq'a. 
Billiards, w. anta-khel. 
Billion, n: kharban, kharb. 
Billman, n, ganrasa bandhnewala. 
Billow, 71. ban mauj, hilkora. 
Billow, V. lahrana, hilkorna. 
Billowy, a. mauj-zan, mawwaj, mn- 

talatim. 



ma 



Bt 



Bi* 



Bin, .It. rshardfe \ra^rnke ki kothri. 
^Binary, a. do, dobra, nrnsanna. 
Bind, p. Jbandlma, pntt^ se b^dlma 
. yi, 3 n$)etni, jo rni, kasna, jnkiania, 
niammin k., mnjbiir k., q4xbz k., 

- mnnqabiz k., jild baadhua, jild- 
baiidi k., raujillid k. 

finder* ». bandhne'^a^a, knsne w4la> 
kasau, patti, dori, jild-baad, jild- 
[btodhue w6la. 

Binding, w. band, patti, kasan, jild. 

fiiiiimde^' h. jahaz par qutb^uoiarkd 
snndiiq. - 

Binocular, a* do-chnslima, do-aakiia. 

BftKmiial, al inurakJbibn-1-jazaiu. 

Biography, n. tazkira, admi ki tawa- 

fiiogt^^ier, n. tazkira-navis, naqil, 

Wivi, €k shakhs k& Tnawaniyi^ 
TiioilgrtL]^\iica\f a. ek fihakhs ki tawa- 

- rijkh ke nmta'alliq, muta'alliq-i- 
taiikira. 

Bipariit«> a, 3© bacabnr ya/mushablh 
.;.!]»is60Q;:k9 rakhne wala^ do hisson 

bor^bar men maqBiim. 
Biped, n. do-p^ya, do-payal janwar. 
Bipeonate, hippennted, a, do^bazu. 
Biqnadrate, rt..iDadu-l-*iiial, «iajziirii- 
. ;V-TO»j;t4r. 

Birch^ II. ek qisiu ka darakht. 
pti-dltefi, jx. barcb per ka darakht. 
JOfircUen, a, i)ardi per ka bana bua. 
Bird, n, lair, pa rand, murg, chiriya. 
JMrd, t;. cliiriyi pakanaa ja dharna. 
Birdbolt, n, chiriya marne ka tir. 
©rdeage, i^.-pinjra, qofofl. 
^l|!4c^tcher^ n, cbiri-mar, baheliya, 

saiydd. 
^{rdiim^, n, chiriya pakame ka lasa 

yd chenp. 
Bifdmon, t*. baheliyi,.>chiri-in4r. 
lUrd8ey'», a, upar se dekha gay a. 
Birtli, ft. paidjai8h,'tawallud, wiladat, 

gharana, khandan, nasab, nasi, 

^bdi mairtafea. 
Birthday, it, janam-din, sal-girah. 
Birlhplftc^, tt. "watan, maulad, janain- 

bhi!ija)« 
JSrtln-ight, n, bapauti,. irs, haqq-i- 

wiUdat. mauriisi. 

EfeeniW; ^Jjkari ^jUdW .!roti, aan- 
khatai, tikiyi. ^luij 



Bisect, V, bar^ar do hisse k., ■<S) 

qita' k. 
I'icseetion, f?. hardbar do hissoQ men 

taqsini. ^ 

Bifehop. «. padriyon ka peshwd, mnj* 

tabid, imam, d?iroga. • ^ 

Bis]>op, V, qaim k., sabit k. . - 

Bislxipric, n, mnjtahid kd ta'alluqa 

ya qalam-rau. 
Bismutli, «, phul-dhdt, phiil, qisnl4* 

iamadat. 
BisoHy 71. ek jangli bail, jo ke-'^hii* 

mali America men paya jat4hai. 
Bis-sextile, n. her ek chautlia s^ 

jis men ek roz ziyada hot a haij 
Bister, n, kalak ya kajal k4 band 

had rang. -^ 

4'istoury, n. jarrihi chhnri. 
Bisulcate, a, khuri-dar, sum-daridd. 
Bit, «, zan*a purza, luqma, dahana^ 

la gam. 
Bit, V, nmnh men lagAra dalndj 

dahana charhana. 
rdtcb, 71. kutiya, kutti, sng-i-mada, 

gurg-i-mada, ek zalil nam aurat 

ke vaste. 
Bite, V. chaba-lena, kdt-khana, phdr- 

khana, dasna, nonchna, lagna^ 

dukh d., ghawk., thagna, chhalna. 
I^'ite, w. kat, chabaw, pakar, znkhm- 

i-dandan, fareb, thagai, thag ; 

luqma. 
Biter, n. katne wala, dasne wala^ 

chabakhanewila,i)hai-khanevrdla, 

thag. tanzgo. 

Biting, a. tcz, sakht, ta'nu-amez, 
I'itinyly, ad. tanz se, ta'na se. 
Bitter, a. karwa, tita, charpara, 

khatta, talkh, tikha, tcz, kara,. 

dukiidai, taklif deh. 
Bitter, n. turshi, khatai, karwai, jo 

khatta tita ya karwa ho, lalkbi,. 
Bitterly, ad. kar^valiat, talkhi se, 

dukh se; sakhti se, gusse se. 
Bittern, n. ek chiriya jo ke Europe 

men pai jati hai. 
Bitterness, n. ka- wahat, talkhi, sakh- 
ti, bugz, kina, nafmt, gam. 
Bittersweet, it. khatr-ndtha sew,' 

khatta aur mitha seb. 
Bitumen, n. nift ya nafta, kafr-ul- 



* «.• 



s 



BLA 



H 



BLA 



Bituiminate, v. nafta mildnd, kafni-1- 

yahiid mildna. 
JUtuminous^ a. nafta-dtnez. 
Bivalve, w. do-dara. 
Bivious, a. do-rdb, mutafarriq rdh 

men le-jane wala. 
Bivounc, n. maidan men sari fauj ki 

shab-bedari bagair kbemon ke 

maidan men tabina. 
BiV(Juac, i\ maidan men sdri fauj kd 

shab-bedar rahna. 
Bi-weekly, a. bar ek diisre baftai- 

men waqai boiiii. 
Bbib, i\ fash k., p.-irda-dari k., b;ik- 

na, aib-goi k., gibat k., jbiit bolna, 

behiida balaui. 
Blabber, n. barbanya, bakki, gappi, 

batiiiii, ocbba, jbiitha, aib-go,g«m- 

maz. 
Plack, a, siyab, gam-gin, liaibati 

nak, sbarir. 
Black, n. kdla rang, habshi, kdli yd 

matanii posbak. 
Black, V, kala k., kbarab k., bosida 

k. 
Blackamoor, Blackmoor, w. habshi, 

sidi, kala admi. 
Blackball, V. pasand kame men nd- 

manziir k., bazarye ek siyah gaiijd 

ke. 
Blackberry, n. ek qism kd khar-dar 

darakht. 
Blackbird, n. ek qism ki gane wdli 

welayati cbiriya, bhujangd, koyal, 

yd koil. 
Blackcattle, n. bail, sdnr aur gdy, 

mawdshi, dawab. 
Blackcock, n, ok qism kd murgd. 
Blacken, v. siyah k., aib lagdnd, 

muttaham k., barf lagdnd. 
Black eyed,' a, siydh-chashm. 
Blackfaced, a, siydh-rii, siydh-siirat, 

syah-fiim. [ra, 

"Blackguard, n. luchchd, shudd, dwa- 
Blackiiii?, w. jiiti kali kame kd rang, 

jiitc ki siyabi. 
Blackish, a. siyah fdm, surmai-rang, 

kdld sd. 
Black iack, m. chamre kd piydla. 
Blacklead, w. sisa jo lakir khinchne 

ke kdm dtd hai, yd jiski penciled 

hantis haiQ^ 



Blackly, <Jid, siydhi se, tarikl se^ 

bari shardrat se. 
Blackmail, n. choron se hifd/at ke 

liye unke sdthiyon ko jo kachh 

diyd jdta thd. 
Blackmouthed, a. bad-zaban, galenh- 

da. 
Blackness, n. siyahi, gam-ginl, haul* 

naki. 
Dlackpudding, n. lohd aur ate ka 

halwd. 
Blackrod, n. Garter ke darje-wdloj 

kd siyah 'asd rakhne wala. 
Blacksmith, n. lohdr, dhangar. 
Blackthorn, n, ek qism kd khdr-ddr 

darakht. 
Kladder, n, plinkna, masdna, shdfili- 

dan, tnmbi, tlmili, pitta, zabrd. 
Iilade, n, gbds kd pjittd, puttd, dal, 

tinkd; miitli-i-talwdr yd qnbzii 

bdrb; neze kd paid; parre-i-miq- 

raz; cbd!dk-»bdkhs, ydr, dshiq. 
I»laded, «. patte-ddr, dal-ddr. 
iUain, n. phord, phunsi, phaphold, 

dadord, chakotd. 
I < lake, a. zard, sonahd. 
Blamable, a. qusiir-wdr, taqsir-wdr, 

gundb-gdr, luulzim, iiiujriin. 
Hlaiiiableness, n, qusiir-wdrl, taqsir- 

wdri, gnndli-gdri. 
nlaniably,o(i.ilzam8e, gundb-gdri se. 
Blame, v, ilzam d., niulzim k., ma- 

Idmat k., sarzanish k. 
Blame, w. ilzdm, harf, 'aib, qusAr,- 

guiidb. 
Bbiiiiefiil, a. mnlzim, maldmat ke 

qdbil, sarzainsl: ke Idiq, qiisiir-wdr, 

taqsir-wdr, gundh-gdr. 
Blameless, a. be-qusiir, be-taqslr, 

be-gundb. 
I'.lameiessly, ad. be-taqsiri se, bo- 

g^indbi se. 
I'lamelessness, w. be-gundhi, bo-taq- 

siri. 
lUamer, w. ilzdm dene wdld, muTzira 

knrne wdid, maldmat karno wdld, 

sarzdnisb karne wdld, qusiir-wdr. 
I'laniowortby, a. qdl>il-i-maldniat 

sarzanish ko Idiq, mulzim, qusiir 

war. 
^ Blameworthinea*, «. qdbiliyat-i-il- 

sdoL { 



BLA 



i6 



BLE 



Blanch, v. nikhdma, njU k., safed k., 

clihilka utai'iia, cliilua^ talud/cliliu- 

raiia. [iia. 

BhiiHly a. muldiip, narm, Intif, cliik- 
BlaiidiJoqneiicc, n. sliirin guft-o-gii, 
- shiriQ kalain, khushdmadi kalani. 
Blandish, v. mulaiui k., phuslaiia, 

khiishaniad k. 
Blandishing, n. naz-o-nijaz, mithi 

batiiin. 
Blandishment, n. naz, ada, karasli- 

ma, naklira, sliirin kalam, plius- 

Uwe.ki batain, ma'shiSqiyat. 
Blank, a. sufed, sddii, kliali, kliuslik, 

Sfcird, muz I aril); ghnir-muqaffa, 

bahr-i-tawil, nasar musaj ja. 
Blanks n. khali jagah, sada kagaz, 

khaUchitti. 
Blank, v. khali k., radd k., sard k., 

afsurda k. 
Blanket, n. kammal, knmli, loi. 
Blanket, v. kammal sehipetnd, knm- 

Dial orhand, kammal nien bandh- 

kar uchhalna ja phenkna. 
Blare* v. zor se chillana, slior k., 

gara;nd. 
Blasphome, v. knlam-i-kufr kalina, 

gibat k., shikajat k., isliwar nin- 

da k. 
Blasphemer, n. kafir, mnrtadd, ka- 

Idm-i-knfr kali no yrala. 
Blaspheming, n. knfr-goi. 
lilasphemous, a. kafid, kafirana, 

Blasphemously, ad. kufr-goi se 

kufr se. 
Blasphemy, w.kufr, knfr-goi, kalam - 

• i-kufr, isliwar ninda. 

Blast, n, mnnh t-e pliiinkkar bnjan, 

• ke bdje ki awdz, bang; sanium, 
niauj, tmaclia, saduia, dhukka, 

. jhapat, jhoka. 
Blast, r. dafatan marna, jliulas d., 

morjhdna, pnzhmnrda k., nnqsdii 

k., garat k., hawas baklita k., be- 
^ hawis k., nrana, i>horna, cliandni 

mdma, nmnkata k. 
Blasted, a. cbaslmi yd nazar-zada, 

barf-zada, pale ka mara I ma. 
Blaster, w. garat kanie wala, jhnlas- 

ne wdlA, pazmurda kaine wala, 



Blasting, n. bar-bddi, pde-mdli, ub 

hdr, pliiitan. 
Blantant, a, dakartd, dahakta, shor 

knme wala; garaj ne wala. 
Blatter, v, baibarana, bakbakk., bak- 

wad k. 
Blnzo, It. sliu'la, bliabliuka, izhar, 

islitiliar, gliore ki pesliani ka 

qasliqa, ya gliore ke badan ke 

safed dag. 
Blaze, r. shuMa-zan li., slinla marna, 
. bliabhukna, muslita'il li., izhar k., 

islitiliar k., numayan k. 
Rlazer, «. parda-dar, fasli knme wdld, 

nnmayan karne wala, dln'ndhoiya. 
Blazon, v. kliandaii ke nislidn ko 

bayan k., zeb d., araish k., zdhir 

k., mashliiir k., ta'rif k., islitihdr 

k., asbkara k., mnsbtabar k. 
Blnzon, 71. kbandan ki alamatka'ilm, 

izbar, nuniaisli, islitiliar. 
Hlazoiier, v, kbandan ke nisbanon 

kajanne ya baiyan knrne wald, 

zeb dene wala, muslitabir, zabir 

knrne wala. . 
Blazonry, u. kbdndan ke nisbanon 

ka b.'iiyan kanie ka huriar ya 

tariqa. 
I'leacb, r. sufed k. yah., rung diirk. 
iJleacber, w. dhone wala, ujld kanie 

wala, dhobi, gazur. 
Bleacbery, n, sufed karne ya dhoue 

ki jagab. 
Bleak, a. sard, thandhd, rukbd, udas, 

mnrdd, siina, zard, be-rang. 
Bleakly, ad, sardi se, sard maqdm 

men, wirdne tor par. 
Blenknf'ss, n. uddsi, sunsdni, sardi, 

tbandiiak, znrdi. 
Rleaky, a. sard, tbandhd, siina, udas. 
Blear, a. cbipraba, kicbrdya, cbundh- 

Id, dbundlild. 
Blear, v. chiprd k., ebundhiydnd, 

dbundbnnld nazar dnd, kicbrdna, 

cbundhld k. 
lUearedness, v, kichrdpan, chundli- 

Idpan, cbundldbat. 
Bleareyed. a. cbifa'd, chattirdhiydyd, 

chnndbld cbundhld. 
Rleat, r, l)brnl)liiydnd, mimiYdud. 
Bleat, n. meTv-\\\v^xv,\^V\^Tv-^^^^,\£^\^^^^ 



-fiLi 



'SB 



SIS) 



JBleed, o, loliii grrni, chalndyabalini, 
kliun lena, lohii lena ya nit^lna, 
fasd-kliolna, iiaksir-shutna, taguk- 
na, clihewna. :' 

JBleeding, n, loht. ka girnaya balii^^, 
iiakdr, fasad. 

Blemish, v. bad-siirat k-, dagila k., 
liaif-lanii, aib lagana, bad-numa k., 
_ aliida k., dagbi k. 

Blemisli, n, dtig, iiuqs, 'aib. Iiarf, 

dliabba, kaii, batta^ 
' Blemisli less,, a. be-' aib, gair-nuqs, 
be-dag. 

Blench, v, Lichakna, jhajliakna, liat- 
na, jumbish k., larzisli meQ ani>. 

Blend, p, dmez k,, Hvakhliit k*,- aliA- 
mil k., milana. 

Bless, V, klinjasta k., kisi ke wastfi 
barakat cbahna, du'a d., ta'rif k., 
kamyab k., sarsabz k., slmkr k., 
hamd k., astaglifirul-lali kalnxa, 

, ram ram kalina. 

Blessed, j?. a. khush-hal, mutabar- 
rak,. mubarak, bakbt-yar, pak, 
baliisMi, swargi, fai'igbu-1-bal, 

, mas'iid; aliauq, kmijista kliisal. 
' Blessedly, ad, kbusbi so, ba^fibt-yari 
sc, sa'adat se. 

Blessedness, n. sa'adat, klmsLi, fazl- 

l i-ilalii, 'aisb. 

BTosser, n. du'a-go, hnmd-go. 

^JBIe«6ing, w. du'a-i-l^luir, du'a, du'o- 
goi, gjinimat, ni'mat, fjizl-i-ilahi, 
k.huda ka karam, barakat, kirp4 

*' dsiulnt, ralimat, faiz. 

^Blight, «. afat.y gliazab, pal a, thar. 

*!Bliglit, a. pnzmurdak.) mar d., jliola 
iparna, jliulsana, kumliilana, mur- 
lb ana. 

Pdind, a. kor, tarik, nadida, andha; 
posliida, khas, na fabmida, bewa- 
qiif. 

I^liftd, v. kor k., andlia k., tarik k., 

' ankbon men dliiil dalna. 

Blind, n. parda, pntti, kewar, jhilmil, 
andbyari; siydlii, mugbalata, ba- 
ll ana, maknr. 

Blindfold, r. ankh miiiidna, ankh mee 

' patti lagana, andheri d. ya dalna. 

Blindfold, <?. chasbm-basta, ackh* 
miind^ aiikh men pat^i diye, be^ 

' waqiff. 



I 






Bliiidly, 9^ anifacm ki taraib, t«' 

cb^-o«chdra, bili-taf^uirto^ttga- 

wuz. 
Ijlindnesa, n. fcoiri,n|p,rbiiiai, jihl,jfflifc 

lat. 
Blindside^n.kani'-zori, naqahat, k«iD- 

quwwati, ^aib, rakhna, nuqsan. 
Blind worm, n, ek qism ka ebhoti 

25ahrHBlaj eaiip. 
Blink, V, ankh mich-miehana, xnat- 

matana, timkana, thord dekhflEi 

Ba^ 
Blink, n« jhiLmilahat, jagmagahat, 

jhalak. 
Blinkard, n^ chon;dhU, dnnidhli&y tep- 

ra, kor-niizarii. 
Bliss, n, khusfa] k^nihayat martab^ 

bihisht ki khushi, bashashat, sihi- 

di, rail at, na^at. 
Blissful, a. nihayat mai*taba k^nsh, 

rahat-aJigez. 
Blissfully, ad. nilkayat ^IibsM se, > 
Biissfuioess, n. bari ^husbi, nibijat 

khushi. 
Blissless, a. be-khusbi, be^^ai, bd* 

bashashat, ghnmgin. 
Blister, n. pbapbolai. cbhala^ papoti, 

phola, jhalka, abildL 
I'lister, V. phaphola chhala papoti. 

pi I old ya abiia parna. pbaphold 

chhala papota ya papfa d^^ 

abila parna. 
lUithe, a. khush-dil, shiguftarpefihi^ 

ni, khanda-ru, kushada-pediAni, 

kbusb-tabSi*. 
Blithely, ad, khush-dili se, sbigufti- 

peshani se, khush-tab'i se. 
Blitheness, «. kbusb-dili, Ikhtadi- 

rui, zinda-dili. 
Blithesome, a. kbush-tab', ]{(:husli- 

dil, khanda-rii. 
Bloat, V. phul jana, pbulana, sajabir 

phaphsand, siijna.: i. 

Bloated, a. ph'dla, 6uj4 pbaphcaj^d^* 

bhabhrayd. , : 

BloatednesH, ». phapbsabat, bbftbh* 

rahat, siijan, mota-pao. 
Blob, or Bleb, n. phaphola, jha^kC 

bulbula, bululdj phuosi, pbora, 

pirki. 
Blobberlip, n. n^^ boi^tb, b*ra 






4^d 



M 



BTO 



^Ioi<*; «. ktmMi k^th M dliokd, silli, 

lakkar, kolhu4, rbk, rukawat, ghir- 
,. -Bi ydl g-hinni, gaWdi, niiirh, jay 

ktlnta; gold, qalib. 
Block, c. nake-bandi k., muLaBarak., 

bev4 d., rokna, muhasara k. 
Blockade^ n, muhasra, inhisdr, nika- 

bandii 
Slockade, i\ ndke-bandi k., muhdsard 

k., rah rok Icna. 
lilockhead, n. ahmaq, kaiidan, ullti, 
. bewaqiif. 
Blockheaded, a, be-wuqiif, ahmaq, 

811 st, kund-zihn. 
Blo^kheadly, a. kandan sa, ahmaq sa. 
Blockish, a, bewuquf, kund, kund- 
, Sfihn, fiust, ahmaq. 
Blockishly, ad, be-wuqiifi se, ahmaq- 

l»an B€, niMni se. 
DU)cki$hne8s. «. be-wuqM, ahmaq- 

pan, siisti, knnd-zihni. 
Bibo^, it. lohii, khanddn, ri8hta-d4ri^ 
* tawallmi y^ wiladat, nasi, bara- 

gharana, khiin, garm chmgdri, kisi 

- ctiz ka 'araq. 

Blood, t', khun alti(U k., khnn men 
dant dubona, dant m en khiin hprana. 

Blood LoltertHl, a. ioLii men bhara 
hiia,. lohii ke chhittoQ se bhara 

- liia, lohu ke dhabbon ya dhap^-on 
se bhara hiia. 

BLoodguiltiness, n, qatl, khiin. 
Jiloodhot, a, shir-garm, khiin-sd 
.'.ganri. 
Bloodhound, n, shikari kutte ki ek 

- khdn-khwar zat. [«e. 
Bloodily, a(i. sang-dili se, bc-rahmi 
Bloadiness, 71. sang-dili, khiin-aliida- 

gi, khiin -abi. 
bloodless, a. be-khiin, be-lohu. 
Bloodlet, r. fasd kliolna, khiin ni- 
•: kalna. 

Bloodietter, n, fass4d, rag-zan. 
Blpodred, a. khdn sa snrkh. 
Jiloodshed, n. qatl khiin, khun-rezi, 

khiin-kh araba. [q ati I . 

IVibodshedder, n, khiin-rez, saffak, 
Bb>o(ishot, a. khiin-aliida, surkh, lal, 

khiini-ankli. 
Bloodstained, n. khiin-iliida. 
Bloodstone, tK hijaru'-d-dam, shddi. 

naj^ shakdidd, shddinL 



Bloodsncker, n, jonk, jallad, qa«8^ 

loliii-chus. 
J bloodthirsty, a. khiin-khwar. 
Bloodvessel, n. rog-i-khiin. 
J'loody, a. khiin-aliida, sang^dil^ 

khuni, qatil. 
Bloody flux, 71. ishail-i-khiin, atisir^ 

loliii baitlina. 
Bloodyminded, a. khdn-khwar, khiinl 

khiin-dost. 
Bloom, n. phiil, kali, khilaw, shabalv 

bahar, iian-jawani, gulon ki sur- 

khi, gul, guncha. 
Hlooni, r. shigufta h., khilna, rnauU-* 

na, yd niaurana, bahar men ana, 

shabab men h. 
Blooming, a. maulayd hud, sar-sabss, 

nau-jawdn, babad. 
Hloomy, a, pur-gnl, bahar. 
Blossom, w. phiil, kali, maulj baur. 
Blossom, V, Khilna, pbiilna, lahlabd- 

na, bouma, khulna, bahar meij 

ana. [ddr- 

Blossomy, a. kali-dar, pur-gnl, bah aj> 
Blot, f. melna, katna, dho^ddlnd, 

siyahi k4 dag dalna, dagi k., mahw 

k., maila k., bliar-daind, dhabbd 

dalna, bundikiyahd k. 
Blot, 11. metaw, kataw, ddg, dhal>bd 

ya nhappa^ chhita, top, harf, btindy- 

qair^, nuqsdn. 
Blotch, n. dagh, muhasa, dadord, 

chakta* 
Blotch, V, dadord dalna, kdld k., 

mnbasa parjana. 
I'lotter, n. metne ya dho-dalne wdld, 

kali ka dhabba dalne ^ald, maild 

karne wald, bhar daiiie wdU. 
Blotting-, w. dhabbe yd dhappe dilnd, 

bundikiiiw. 
Blotting-paper, n. siyalii lithane kd 

kaghiiz. 
Blow, «. zarb, jhoka, glidsa, chot, 

bala-e-nngahani, thokar, chapet; 

shiknst, hazimnt; phiil, kali. 
iJlow, i\ bahna, chaind, dolna, bahd- 

le-jana, mar dena, takrd dend, dal 

dend, hdnphna, sans lend, phiink- 

nd, dhaiinknd, sulgdiid, phuld 

dend, phiilnd, bajnd, bajand, niche 

h„ nikal-jana, ur^m4, ^^^saswjw^ 
\ "klnVni. 



BEIT 



»f 



BO^ 



Blcmer, li. phugkne wdla, dhaankne 

wala, phula dene Y?ala, phulane 

wala. [chal. 

Blowing, n. hawii ka bahna, hawa ki 
Blowpipe, n. dhaujikiie ke liye ol 

chongi yil pnpli. 
Plowtii, n. phul, kali, phulaw, khi- 

Uw, uiktis. 
Blowzy, a. siirkli-ru, mota aur surkh, 

shokhrang ka. 
Blubber, n. liubab,. bulbula, whel 
' jiinwar ki charbi, ek qism ka 

sainiindari i an war. 
Bliibber, v, rote rote munh phula 
, dena, balb.'iland, biibLlana,plinlana. 
Bludgeon, n, ganrasa, sorjta, li\hL 
Blue, n. nila rang. 
Blue, 71. nila. 
Bluebottle, n, ek phiil, nile pet ki 

bari inakkhi, giih-inakkhi. 
Blue-eyed, a. arzacj-chashni, karanja, 

kanja. 
Bluely, ad, nile rang se. 
Blueness, n, nilai, nila-pan. 
Bluish, a. kuchh kuchh nila, nila-sa. 
Bluishness, n. thori si nilai, tho:a 

sa nila-pan. 
Biueveined, a. nili dhariyan ya nas 

rakhne wala. 
Bluff, a. barii, mo^a, talkh, sakht, 

durusht, tund, kund, be-nok, 

kha a, natiirasliida. 
Bluffaess, n. ba ai, inutai, talkhi, 

sakhti, durushti, tundi, kundi. 
Blunder, v. ba;i bhiil k., bbiilua, 

cliiikna. 
Blunder, n. bari bhiil, chiik. 
Blunderer, n, bhullii, bhullar, bhu- 

lakkar, chiik karne wala, abuiaq, 

ghalat go, ya nnwis. 
Blunderingly, ad, i»hul ya chiik se. 
Blunderbuss, n, bare niunh ki ban- 

dii'i, ba i luuhrc ki ek bandiici, 

karabin. 
Blunderhead, n. ahmaq, kaudan. 
Blunt, a. kund, be-lihaz, be-imtiyaz, 

bad-lihfiz. 
Blunt, r. kund k., nd Iminwar k., 

kam k., daba-dena, kaiu k. 
Blunting, n. zabt, rok, dil-shikani. 
Bluntly, ad. be-lihazi se, be-iiutiyazi 

se, be-adbi se, gusik\hmit. 



Bluntness, n. kund-zahni, gustiklii, 
sadagi, be-initiyazi, be-lihazi. 

Hluntwitted, a. kund, kund-zihn, 

kaudan, gabi. 
iMur, n. dag, '»ib. 

lilurt, V. be-ta'amraul kah baithnd, 
be-nmhaba bolna, be-lihaz bol 
uthna. 

Blush, V, shai-m ya i/.tirar ya intishar 
se chihre ka tamtamana, zard-rd 
hona^ sharuiinda h., kliijlat uilia* 
na, pani, ya arq-bojana, chapna, 
gahna. 

Blush, w. sharm se chihre ki tamta- 
mahat, snrkh rang, bijab, kbijalat^ 
pahli jbalki. 

I'dushful, a. sharm se zard-ni, khijal, 
pasIuMuan, shnrniinda. 

lUushing, n, chihra ki surkhi. 

iilushless, a. be-gairat, bc-haya, bc- 
sharm. 

Bluster, r. gurrish k., kar-o-far k., 
laf-zani k., sansanaua, dliiiui lua- 
chana, bbabhakna. 

Bluster, n, shor, gul-gapara, shekhi- 
o-^.af-zani, tartarabat, farrata, ^i* 
dar-bhabki. 

Blusterer, w. laf-zan, khiid-farosh, 
kalla-zan, shekhi-bdz, banka. 

I'lustering, w. gul-gapa[a, shor- 
gul. 

Bo, int, yah lafz bachchon ke darano 
ke liye kam ata hai. 

I'oari n. nar siiar, kliiik, jangM-sd'ar. 

iJoard, n, takhta, takhti, dafti, safra^^ 
dastar-khwan. moz, jahaz ki takh- 
tabandi. khurak. khana-pina, maj- 
lis, 'adalat, roti kapra, jabtiz ya 
kisbti-par. 

Board, v, takhta-bandi k., takhtoij 
se patna, kisi jahaz men /. a bar- 
da sti se ghus jana, dusre ke ghar 
meg khane aur rahne kakharch, 
muqarar karke sukiinat k., Iiauila 
k., tharlma, khaua-pahuuchana, 
kbana-pina k. 

Boarding-school, n, aisa madrasa ja- 
han sha-Kird ustad ke sath biid-o- 
bash karte bain. 

Boarish, a, siiar ke manind, haiwani- 
khaslat, na-tarashida, be-rahm^ 
sang-dil, bahdiui-sirat. 



BOD 



i9 



JJOL 



V. laf-zani k., kalla-zani k., 
l-sanai k., fakhr k., naz k., 
mam 4. 

n. khud farosh, Idiud-sanai, 
hi, laf-z mi, b:ia-i, muba- 
I, hintjirani, gliniur. 
•, n, luf-zan, khud-farosh, 
.-Sana, akarbii/. 
il, a, mutakabbir, dimagi, 
iriir. 

ig, w. liir-zani, kalla-zani, lan- 
li. 

igly, ad. Lif-zani lantarani yii 
hi se. 

e, a. dimagi, mutakabbir, jitna 
.8 se apne ko ba:'a samajhne 

I 

ss, a, gair-takabbur, be- 
% sidlia-sadab. 
. naw, kisbti, clihota jahaz. 
in, 71. mallab, kishti-ban ya 
i-wan, naw Wiibi, manjhi. 
ain, 71. savhans:, jahaz ka ek 
-dar jo mallahon se kam let4 
ar rassiyon ki khabargiri kar- 

jhulna, dolna, hilna, hilana, 
la, dhoka dena, marna, pitna, 
ma, katna. 

jhiila, latkan, war, chot, bd- 
d chhoti topi. 

n. cliboncbhi, siit lapetne ke 
;hhoti si pliirki, gol niwar ya 
• 

rry, n, bachchon ka ek khel. 
, 71, banri piiachh, chhote lo- 
d bhir. 

, n. bal ki chhoti topi. 
[\ peshtar se daldlat k., shu- 
icna, shugiin bona, jn tana, 
mt, n. shugiin, fal, pesh- 

a. muiassam. 

7?. angiya, choli, sina-bund. 
iuiki. 

5, a. be-jism, be-jasad, riihani. 
V, badani, jismani, haqiqi. 
ad, badan ya tan men, bada- 
ar par. 

n, shugiin, fal. 
n. Buja, eutdri^ sdd^ bal 
ime ki kd. 



Body, n. badan, shakhs, asli hissa^ 
majma,' zumra, ijma,.firqa, jasa- 
mat, shai, jism, cja'ida, qalil^ 
wajiid, niarbib, dhjira, kulliyat, 
quwwat, sanduq, inaidan. 

I'ody, I*, siirat khaii kami, paida k. 

I <ody clothes, 7?. libas, poshak. 

Bodyguard, 7i. badani muhafiz, khass 
chaukidar. 

Bog, 71. daldal, dhnsan, phasaw. 

Bog, 17. dubona jaise daldal ya ki- 
cha men. 

Bogle, Boggle, «. haiiwd, pret, bhiit 

Boggle, V, chjiunkna, jha)haknd, 
hichakna, aga-pichha k., pas-o- 
pesli k. 

Bogirler, n, chaunkel, darpoknd. 

Bogglish, a, hichakta, hidiyata, agd- 
piehha karta. 

•<oggy, a, daMali, dalda^iya. 

Bog! and, a. daldali mulk men rahne 
wala. 

Bog trotter, n, daldali mulk kd bd- 
shinda, qazzdq, dakii, rdh-zan, 
duzd, chor. 

Bohea, n, chah yd chde ki ek qism. 

Boil, V, khaulnd, khalbalana, usaind, 
ubalnd, autnji, pakiia, autdna, j6sli 
d., kliuui cbliar-hana, si^and, pa- 
kana. 

Boil or Bile, n. phord, pirki, phuri- 

yd. 

Boiler, n, khaul ne ubalne autno 

sijhdne usiine yd pakdnc wdld, 

ka* dh, batlohi, batud. 
Boiling, 71. yialbalahat, khauldhat, 

ubdl. 
j]oisterous, a. tiifdni, tez, shori, 

pur-shor, Ixalla, dardz, liaramf, 

daiige-baz, shndid. 
Boisterously, ad, shiddat se, ba- 

sliiddjit, zor-slior se. 
Boisterousnoss, n, tundi, tezi, zor, 

pakhti, sliiddnt. 
Bolary, a. inultani yd kdbuli matti 

ke mut'alliq. 
Bold, a. dilcr, baliddnr, jawdn-mnrd, 

inustaqil, mu'taqid, shokb, gus- 

Idkli, be-sharni, libh id, be-hayd, 

sunnd, nutnaydn; hainwdr. 
Bold€n, t*. himmat baiidhdnay haubi- 



„ i 



BOJil 



«9 



m> 



Boldfaced, n. gxintikhy shokh, sir- 

cliarha, b.esliarm. 
PolUly, acL dilerann, mnrdana, gus- 

ta^liana, s!io'>.Iii se, beparwa'iso. 
BoldiiGi^s, n. ilileri, <Ulawaii, slmja'.-it, 

taqwiyat, istiqial, b'-baki, Bhoklii, 

gustakbj, be-lisi^ai. 
i^ie, if. luultani ja kabiili matti, 

gil-i-surkli, gil-i-armani; gol tana 

dai^klit ka. 
JJqII, n. pliali, thonthi, dlienri, dlicQ- 

ra, tukhm-khaiia. 
Bolster, n. bara girda, gaddi^ takiya, 
, b41ish. 
Bolster, V. tek dena, soQbhdlna, 

utliand, thaiibhna. 
Bolstered, a. pbiila hua. 
bol^terer, n, pusUti-ban, dnst-gir, 

«anbhalne wala. [thuni. 

Bolstering, n. tek, «ahai*a, t^enk, 
{Colt, n. bdn, bilai, clihi^kjini, billi, 

belna, ben a, kutta, jhar, beri, 

^i\\\, chakki, silli, gaj. 
Bolt, I?, chhitkarii belna ya beij'a 

lagan a, baud k., beri dalna, nikal- 

parna, cbiiiitnfi, jbat-pat se ni- 

kalQa, jbar se nikalna, uchakni, 

bliagnd, chaiupat b., gattukua, 
• pliaukua. 

Bolt, V. chalnii, chhanna, biijbna, 
. dbunrh nikalnii, alag k. 
Bolter, n. cbalani, ])lianku. 
Bolu«, m dawa, ki bari goli, tikiya, 

qws. 
Bomb, n. bard slior, bnriit se bhnra 

hua gola jo top s% clihore jane 

par pbutkar hazaron tukfc bo jata 
. bai, gbabbare ka gola. 
JSonabard, v. baru t se bliaia hua gola 

jo top se chhore jane par pliiit- 
. knr hwzaron tukre ho jata hai us 

se cha hai k. top <']ihorna. 
Bombardier, n. bnriit s;j bhare hue 

golon ko top s-e chhorne Wald, 

golandaz, gbubbarclii. 
Bombasin, n. kala atlas, qism-i-resh- 
■ mi kapra. 

Bombast, n. narm jhir-ihiri bunan 
, ka kaprii, ek qism ka riii-ka-kap- 

i-a, mubalaga, be-faida ba^e bare 
..ift&OQ/ ki tahrir ya taqrir, lifn?auii 

haia-i. , . , /. ^. . f. 



Bombast, a. mubalaga-^mez, befajulfi 

bare l>are lafzon se l«hara hud. 
Bombastic, a. mubalaga-auiez, be- 

iiia'ne, bnn^ bare l«ifzo]i se bbafli 

hnd, pbiild hua. 
I^oiiibiljitioii, 71. uwaz, shor. 
Bombketch, Bombvessel, n. barit kp 

bhare hue goloQ ke chho ae ka 

jahdz. 
Bombycinoiis, a. resliam ka, rcsham 

ke kife ke nnig kd. 
P»ond, n. bdndliiic-wali shai, b*')nd, 

nshin, rasRi, zaiijir, silsiU, tamafl^ 

Mik, dasiawez, sanad. 
Bond, pi. qaid, asiri, habs, pd-bandj 
Uond, a. muqaiyad, malibiis, gilif- 

tar. 
Bondage, n. nsiri, qaid, guUmi, lia^ 

qa-ba-goslii, liabs, giriftaii. 
Hondniaid, n. laui^ri, dasi, baadj^ 

kaniz. 
Bondman, n. gulam, halqa-ba-gosh, 

cliela. 
Bondservant^ «. gulam, basda. 
Bondservice, n. gulami, halqa^ba- 

goslii. 
Bondsman, n. g^ulam, banda, z4mii| 

kafil. 
Bondswoman, n, launri, cheli, ddsi. 
Uono, n. haddi, bar, haddi, nstUr 

klian, 'jizm. [dard. 

Boneaclie, n. dard-i-haddi, haddi k4 
Boni'd, a h«ddi-ddr. 
Boneless, a. ni-hadda, be-haddi ji 

bin bar kd. 
Boneset, r. tiiti haddi baithdnd y4 

jorna. 
Bon-setter, n, tiiti hrddi Im^hinf 

ya joTne wala, kaman-gar. 
Bonfiro,n. ek alaw yadliiini jo Inglis- 

tdn kelpg kbuslii nieo kurte liai^^ 
Bonnet, n. topi, kulab.' ^ [se. 
Bonnily, ad. khub-siirati se, yiu^bf 
Bonny, a. klmb-surat, basin, khusli-* 

t«b, bnslisliash. 
Bonns, n. kisi bnq ya qarz ke 'aliwa 

jo beshi di jati bai. 
Bony, n, haddi kabana hu4, mogbiit^ 

qawi, haddidar. 
Bonze, w. Japan nuilk ka ek padrf, 
Bppl^r; ??• abmofl, ka^ida^, bhufijj,^ 

ek qismki chiriyi,; : [ ^ ;, ; /^^ .^ 



BOO 



41 



BOS 



k 



Book, n. parhne ya likhne ki Kitab, 
risala ya tasnif, kittib ka bab, 
pothi, safin, baiyaz, daftar. 

Book, V. kitab men darj ya dakhil k. 

Bookbinder, n. mujallid, jild-band, 
jildgar, daftari. 

Bookcase, n. kitab rakbue ka sandiiq. 
bast a, jujzdan. 

* Bookful, a. kitabon ke khiyalat se 

bhara hiia, kitabi khiyalat se pur. 

(Bookish, a. kitab-dost, ilm-dost. 
Bookishly, ad. kitab-dosti se, ilm- 
^ dosti se, kitabon men masriif 
rahne ke tariq se. 
Bookiehness, n. kitab-dosti, ilm- 
""^ dosti. 
'Bookkeeper, n. hisab-likhne wala, 
jam'-yiarch-nawis, muharrir. 
Bookkeeping, w. hisab, kitab, khate 

ka ilm. 
Booklearned, a. mullana, kitabon se 
waqif, hafiz. 

* Booklearning, n. kitabi ilm. 
Bookless, a. be-kitab, kitab-bagair, 

jahil, nakhwanda. 
1 Bookmaking, n, kitab tasnif karne 
I kd hunar. 
i Bookman, n. muallim jo kitabon ka 

Ishugl kiya karta hai. 
Bookmate, n. ham-jnaktab. 
. Bookoath, n, Tauret aur I'njil par 
qasam. 

Bookseller, w. kitab-farosh, sah-haf. 

Bookworm, n. kitab ka kira, umta'- 
allim, kitab-dost. 

Boom, w. baz palon ke niche ke 
hisse ke phailanc ke liye lakri, 
nishan ke taur par eklakkarjo 
jahaz-ranon ki rah-numai ke liye 
khara kar diya jata hai, ek lakri 
jo kisi bandar ke arpar dhari jati 
hai, lakkar, Bhahtir, nasab. 

Boom, t?. gahgaha-kar ana ya jana, 
dhardharakar ana ya jana, pliulna. 

Boon, n. bakhshisli, ata, inam, ga- 
nimat, inayat. 

Boon, a. khnsh-tab, khush-miztij, zin- 
da-dil, ydrbash, mihr-ban, shafiq. 

Boor, n. ganwar, wahshi, dihqani, 
dihati. 

Boorish, a. ganwani, wahshi, na- 
tarashida, dihati, be-tamiz. 



Boorishly, ad. dihqiiniyat se, na- 

tarashidagi se, wahshi-pan se. 
Boorishness, n. dihqaniyat, na-tara- 

shidagi, be-tamizi. 
Boot, V. faida pana ya dena ya karna, 

lahna. 
Boot, w. faida, hasil, naf. 
Boot, n. nioza, gari ke age |chamre 

se marhi hui sandiiq, pawa-i. 
Boot, V, moze charhana, moze pa- 

hinna. 
Booted, a. moze charhaye hue, moze 

pahine hue. 
Booth, n. kuriya, chhappar, chhan, 

chhaya, ghar. 
Bootless, a. be-ftiida, la-hasil. 
Boothose, n. si\ti ya ^ni moze. 
Booty, n. ganimat, yagmd, gharat, 

liit. 
Bopeep, n, mulka-mulki, jhanka- 

jhunki. 
Borax, n. sohaga, jawa-khar. 
Bordel, n. kasbi-khana. 
Border, n. kinara, hashiya, qor, da- 
man, magzi, sanjaf, sar-hadd, 

hadd, menr. 
Border, v. muttasil h., paivrasta h., 

qarib h., hashiya kinara sanjaf ya 

magzi lagan a. 
Borderer, n. sar-hadd ka rahne wala, 

sar-hadd-nishin, sar-haddi. 
Bore, r. chhedna, bedhna, barmana, 

nathna, siirakh k., satana. 
Bore, n. bedh, chhed, muhri, munh, 

pet, tir. 
Borer, w. chhedne wala, bedhne wala. 

barma, mankab. 
Boreas, n. bad-i-shimal, uttar ki 

hawa. 
Boreal, a. shimali, uttar ka. 
Born, p, p, paida, zada, jana. 
Borne, p, p. utha liya gaya, uthaya 

gaya, laya gaya. 
Borough, n. qaumi majlis ko mukh- 

tar bhejne ka ikhtiyar rakhne 

wala shahr. 
Borrow, v, ariyatan lena, qarz lena, 

udhar lena, dastgardan lena, akhz 

k., naql karlana. 
Borrower, w. qarz-khwah, qarz-dar. 
Borrowing, w. qarz lena. 
Boscage, n jangal, \g.\!i^^Vk\^'5iS5^^^' 



BOX 



42 



BOU 



Bosky, ".a. jangali. 

Bosom, 72. siiui, dil, godi, kanar, 

parda, pet, qaid. 
Bosom, a. mu'tamad, raz-dar, ham- 
dam, liam-dil, dost-jani. 
Bosom, V, dil men rakliiia, poshida 

k., maklifi k. 
Boss, n. phiil, phiili, giil, qubah. 
Bossed, a. plml-dar, pliiilon se arasta. 
Bossy, a. pliiil-dar, gul-mekhon se 

jaia liua. 
Botanic, Botanical, a, ilm-i-nabatat 

ke muta'alliq, nabati, nabatati. 
Botanicallv, ad, ibu-i-nabatat ke ba- 

mujib. 
Botanist, n. nabatat ke ilm men ka- 

mil, nabatat ka ilm ja'ne ^vala. 
Botanize, v. nabatat ka ahwal dar- 

yaft k. 
Botany, n, ilm-i-nabatat. 
Botch, n. dag, muhasa, chat, buri 

larah ka jor ya mai*ammat, phpra. 
Botch, r. dagila k., muluison se 

bharna, buri tarah se maranmiat 

k. ya jor lagana. 
Botcher, n, rafii-gar, purane kapron 

ki marammat karne wala, pariL- 

doz. 
Botch erly. a. bad-numa, kharab, pai- 

wand-kari kiya hua, paiwand laga- 

ya hua, dag-dozi, ya pai'a-dozi- 

kiva hua. 
Botchery, w. be-dhab jor, para-dozi, 

dag-dozi. 
Botchy. a. dagila. dag-dar, dhappe- 

d;ir, muhason se bhara hua. 
Both, a, donon. 

Both, con. usi tarah se, waisahi. 
Bother v. diqk., tang k., tasdia dena, 

hairan k. [siirat ka. 

Botryoid. a. angur ke guchchhe ki 
Bots n. pL ghoron ki antariyon men 

chhote clihote kire, jonki, jojikti. 
Bot4-le. n. shisha, surahi, qaraba, 

kisi shishi surahi ya qarabe men 

jo ho, siikhi ghas ya tinke ka 

boj ha. 
Bottle, v. shishi surahi ya qarabe 

men dalna. 
Bottled, a. shishi surahi ya qarabe 
men ddld hud^ motd^ shikam-dar, 
nbhrii InuL 



Bottlenosed, a. bari bhari nak wala. 
Bottlescrew, n. shishi ya surahi ka 

dath ya kag nikalne ka pech. 
Bottom, n, talheti, tala, penda, tab, 

bunyad, dara, jahaz, qismat-azmai, 

khatra, jar, bunya,d. 
Bottom, V. bunyad dahia, qaim k. 
Bottomed, a. tale-diir, pende-dar. 
Bottomless, a. be-tah, be-thah, 

athiih. 
Bough, n. shjikh, dal, dali. 
Bought, n. bhanj, ganth, lachak, 

dyorhi gantli. gophan ki khiinti. 
I Bought, ^;. t. kliarida, kharida gaya. 
Bounce, v. kiidna, jast k., tappa- 

kbana, uchlialna. takkar-khanti, 

dliarakna, laf-zani k., jhiiti shekhi 

k., jhiith-bolna. 
Bounce, n, bhari cliapet, nagahan 

shor, laf-zani. khud-farosLi, she- 
khi chaukri, gazand. 
Bouncer, n. khud-farosh, laf-zan^ 

mubalii^lia karne w., jhiitLa. 
Bouncingly ad, laf-zani ya khud- 
farosh i se, bhabki se. 
Bound, p, t. bandha, kasa, pa-band, 

muqaiyad; ihsan-mand, mujallad. 
Hound, n, hadd, sar-hadd, intiha; 

qasd. 
Bound, V, sar-hadd bandhna, mah- 

diid k., zabt k. 
Bound, V, kiidna, uchhalna, tarapna,, 

palta khana. 
Bound, n. uclihal, kulanch, kiid, 

intiha. 
Boundary, n, hadd, sar-hadd, raqba- 

bandi; kinara, tamami. 
Bounden, a, mamniiii, mashkiir, mu- 

qarrar, mahdiid. 
Bounder, n, hadd bandhne wala, mah- 
diid karne wala; hadd, sar-hadd. 
13oundingstone,.w. khelne kapatthar. 
Boundless, a. be-hadd, be-intiha, la* 

intiha, be-payan, apar. 
Boundlessness, n. U-intihai, be-in ti- 

hai, be-haddi. 
Bounteous, a faiyaz, mukhaiyar, sa- 

khi, karim. 
Bounteousness, n, faiytizi, sakhdwat, 

faiz, dad-dihish. 
1 BouritituV, a. ivju\^\3JL, ^t)!)&\i\, Y-ax^xTCL- 






BOW 



43 



BRA 



Bonntifully, ad. sakbawat so, faiya- 

zi se, kushada-dili se. 
Bonn tifuln ess, n. faiyazi, sakliawat, 

faiz, dad-dihish. 
Bounty, n. faiz, fazl. lutf. nawazish, 

karam, inayat, bakhshih. 
Bouquet, n. gul-dasta, turra. 
Bourgeon, v. panapna, kaliyana, 

kali-kbilna, dali pbutna. 
Bourn, n, sar-hadd, badd, intiba, 

manzil. 
Bouse, V. be-tidad pina, dbakosna. 
Bousy, a. matwala, nasbe men gbarq, 

sar-sbar, sar-mast, madbosb. 
Bout, n, daf, martaba, daura, azma- 

isb, qasd, kosbisb. 
BoYine. a. gay bailon ke muta'alliq, 

gay bailon ka. 
Bow. ». jbukana. jbukna, niburana, 
nibuma. dabaiia, zer k., salam k , 
kornisb k,. sijda k. 
Bow, n. salam, kornisb, sijda; ka- 

man, qaus, kamancba 
Bowbent. a. kaman ke manind kbam, 

kaman sa terba. 
Bowels, n. pi. -antariyan, roda, riq- 

qat, rabm. dard, darmiyan. 
Bowelless, a. be-ralim, be-riqqat, 

sang-dil. 
Bower, n. jbukane wala, nawane 
wald; kunj, rawati, gopba; kaman- 
gar. tir-andaz, kaman-dar. 
Bowery, a. kunj-dar, saya-diir. 
Bo whan d. n. kaman-dast, jis batb se 

kam^n kbincbi jati bai. 
Bowl, n. katori, katora, piyala, sagb ar, 

jam, kasa, paimana; anta, gend. 
Bowl, V. lurbkana, dbulkana, gend 

. se kbelna. 
Bowlder stones, n. gol pattbar jo 
kbass karke samundar ke kinare 
paye jate bain. 
Bowleg, n. terbi tang, kbamida- 

saq. 
Bowler, n. gend se kbelne wala, 

gend lurbkane wala. 
Bowline, n, ek rassa jo pal ko tana 

rakbne ke kam ata bai. 
Bowling-green, n. gend se kbelne 

ke liye cb auras jagab. 
BoWsbot, n. partab, tir-bbar, jitni 
Mr ck tirjaaake. 



Bowstring, n, zib, chill a, kaman ka 

cbarbaw. 
Bowsprit, n. sabdbara. 
Bowwindow, n. ek kbirki jo diwar 

ke babar nikli rabti bai. 
Box, n. sbamsbad; sandiiq, sanduq- 

cba, cbonga, peti; gbiiijsii, mukka, 

tbappar. 
Box, V. sandiiq men band k. 
Box, V. gbiinse se larna, mukki 

larna. 
Boxen, a. sbamsbad ki lakri ka 

bana bua. 
Boxer, n. gbiinse-baz, musbt-zan. 
Boxing, n. gbunse-bazi. 
Boy, n. larka, cbbokra, bacbcba, 

gbulam. 
Boybood, n. larkai, cbbokra-pan, la- 

rak-pan, tufuliyat. 
Boyisb, a. larke sa, cbbokre sa, cbi- 

billa, balkii, bacli-pnn. 
Boyisbness, n. ocbba-pan, cbibilla- 

pan, lialkai, cbulbulabat. 
Boy ism, n. larkai, cbibilla-pan, la- 

rak-pan, ocbba-pan. 
Brace, n. bund, patti, bandban, 

bandbna, kassan, joti, kari. 
Brace, 2)1. patti jis se kapre sam- 

bble rabte bain. 
Brace, v. bandbna, jakarna, kasna, 

sametna. sikorna. 
Bracelet, n. cbiiri, pabuncbi, kan- 

gan, kankan, bazii-band. 
Bracer, n. patti bandban, bandbna 

samet. 
Bracb, n. sbikari kutiya. 
Bracbial, a. biizii ke muta'alliq. 
Rracbygraplier, n. mukbtasar-navis. 
Bracbygrapby, n. mukbtasar-navisi. 
Brack, n. darar, darz. 
Bracket, n, lakri ki tbek ya tekan 

jo diwar men lagi rabti bai. zamin, 

is tad a. fkbara. 

Brackisb, a. namkin-mail, mi'^adr 
Brag, V. laf-zani k., kbud-nirosbi 

k., lambi-cbori-bankna, naz k. 
Brag, n. kliud sanai, laf-zani, kbud- 

farosbi, tas ke kbel ki ek tarab. 
Braggadocio, Braggart, Hragger, n. 

kbud-farosb, kbud-sana, banka. 
Braggardism, n. kbud-farosbi, laf- 
zani, kbud-sanai. 



BRA 



Braggingly, ad. khud-sanai se, laf- 

zani se, kliud-faroshi se. 
Braid, v. bunna, binna, giindlind. 
Braid, n. bimdn, binawat, gota, cho- 

ti lari, giindlian. 
Brain, n, magz, dimag, hosh, fahm, 

khiyal. 
Brain, v. mar-kar magz nikal dalna. 
Brainish, a. garm-mizaj, tez-mizaj, 

tund-tabiyat, gussa-war, gazab- 

nak. 
Brainless, a. be-magz, be-dimag, na- 

dan, be-khabar. 
Brainpan, n. kbopri, kasa, kapal. 
Brainsick, a. ganda-magz, khalal- 

dimag, gafil, be-khud. 
Brainsickly, ad. ganda-magzi ya 

khalal-dimagi se, gbafili ya be- 

khudi se, subuk-sari se. 
Brain sickness, n. gafili, be-khudi, 

snbuk-sari, be-lihdzi, be-imtiyazi. 
Brake, n. san taiyar kame ka ala, 

qazai, dahana. 
Brake, n. kantile jharon ka jangal, 

kliar, gharberi. 
Braky, a. khar-dar, pur-kbar. 
Bramble, n. jhar-beri, kantila jbar. 
Brambled, a. khar-dar, pur-kbar. 
Bramin, n. brahman. 
Brarainical, a. brahman ka, brahman 

ke muta'alliq. 
Bran, n. chokar, bhusi, kani. 
Branny, a. chokar ya bhiisi ke mu- 

ta'alliq. 
Branch, n. shakh, shakh-cha, aulad, 

nasi, dal, qism, nau'. 
Branch, v. phailna, phailana, shakh- 

dar-shakh k. ya h. 
Brancher, n. shakh en nikalne wala, 

kam-sin baz, baz ka bachcha. 
Branchless, a. be-shalj:h, bc-dalpal. 
Branchy, a. shakh-dar, pur-shakh. 
Brand, n. jalti lakri, sokhta lakri, 

talwar, dagb, harf. 
Brand, v. garm lobe se daghna ya 

dag karna, dag lagana, harf lana. 
Brandish, v. ghnmana, phirana, 

chamkdna, bbanjna. 
Brandling, n. khenchaw, ghumaw. 
Brandy, n, brandi sbarab, angiiri 

tez araq. [qaziya k. 

Brangle, v. qissa k. ya machana, 



44 BRA 

Brangle, n. qissa, qaziya, jhagra. 
Brasicr, Brazier, n. thathera, kasera, 

mis-gar. 
Brass, n, birinj, pital; be-sharmi, 

be-hayai, be-gairati, gustakhi, 

shokhi. 
Brassy, a. biranji, pital sd, pital ka; 

be-sharm, be-gairat, be-hay% 

shokh, gustakh. 
Brat, n. haram-zada, pilla, lannda. 
Bravado, n. laf-zani, shekhi, dhamki, 

gidarbhabki. 
Brave, a. diler, marJana, jawan- 

mard, dilawar, muzbiit, shujd'. 
Brave, n. bahadur, jawan-mard; laf- 
zani, khud-faroshi, shekhi. 
Brave, v. liam-chashmi k., sar-kashi 

k., angiitha-dekliana. 
Bravely, ad. dilerana, mardana, bahd- 

durand, shujaat se. 
Bravery, n, shujaat, bahdduri, dileri, 

jawan-mardi, jurat. 
Bravo, n. khiini, saffak, qatil. 
Bravo, int. shabdsh, wah-wah, dfrin. 
Brawl, V. qaziya k., shor-shar k., 

gul-gapara karke qaziyd k., han- 

ka dena, hata den a. 
Brawl, w. gul-gapara, gauga, ktar- 

khasha, bakhera. 
Brawler, n. gaugai, dangait, j^Lhana- 

j ang, hujj ati. 
Brawling, n. jhagra, ragrd, tanta^ 

bakhera, larai. 
Brawn, n. siiar ka gosht, badan ka 

wall juz jismen bil-kul gosht 

aur pattha hai, bdzii, pahunchd 

motapa. 
Brawn ed, a. kungra, gathila, maz- 

but. 
Brawner, n, khdne ke liye mara hui 

siiar. 
Brawniness, w. zor, quwwat, sakhti, 

kara-pan. 
Brawny, a. gathila, kunrd, hurmush- 

Bray, v. kiitna, pisna, bukni k.; 
renkna. 

Bray, n. renk, gadhe ki awaz. 

Braying, n. shor, gul, awdz. 

Braze, v. pital se manrnd ya jorna. 

Brazen, a. biranji j gustdkh, be- 
sharm. 



B: 



BRE 



45 



BRE 



Brazen, v. gnstakli ya be-shann 

hona, gustakhi k., bandar-glmrki- 

dikhana, dhamkana. 
Brazenface, w. be-shann, be-gairat 

y4 gustakh shakhs. 
Brazenfaced, gustakh, be-gairat, be- 

haya, bc-sharm. 
Brazil, n, ek bhant ki lakri jo rang- 

ne-ke kam ati hai. 
Breach, n, shikan, naqab, shigaf, 

darz, qaziya, jhagra, rakhna, 

faskh. 
Bread, w. roti, khand, khdna pina, 

annjal, rozi, nan-o-namak. 
Breadth, n, arz, pah an, pat. 
Breadthless, a. be-arz, be-pahan, be- 
pat. 
Break, v. torna, tdtna, phorna, phiit- 

nd, kuchalna, daban^ purze-pnrze 

k., nikalna, dewala nikalna, maziil 

k., bar- tar at k., faskh k. 
Break, w. shikastagi, tiUan, phiitan, 

shigaf, darz, waqfa, sakta, ek 

khincha hud khat, fajr, subh, niir 

kd tarka. 
Breaker, n. torne wala, phornewala, 

mauj jo chattan par takker khati 

hai. 
Breaking, n. iflas, dewala, shikasta- 
gi, bar-khasti. 
Breakfast, v. nashta k., hazri khana. 
Breakfast, n, nashta, hazri, chasht. 
Breakneck, n, gardantor, khari- 

jagah. 
Breakwater, n. ek band mauj on ka 

zor torne ke liye. 
Bream, n, ek machhli. 
Breast, n. sina, chiinchi, dil, zamir, 

quwwat-i-tamiz-nek-o-bad. 
Breast, v, samne milna, chhati se 

mil ana. [haddi. 

Breastbone, n, sar-i-sina, sine ki 
Breastdeep, a. chhdti tak, chhdti 

tak gahira. 
Breasthigh, a, chati lag, chhati tak 

lincha. 
Breastknot, n. kapre ka phiil jisko 

chhati par lagate hain. 
Breastpin, n. sina-band. 
Breastplate, n. sina baktar, sina- 

zirah, lohe ki takhti jis ko larai 

ke waqt sine par bandhte hain. 



Breastwork, w. sine tak lincha mor- 

cha. 
Breath, n. dam, riih, jdn, fursat, 

waqfa, hawa, lahza, lamha. 
Breathe, v, dam lena aur chhorna, 

zinda ralina, thahar kar dam lena, 

poshidagi men khana. 
Breather, n. dam-kash, dam-dar, 

dam lene wdla. 
Breathful, a. pur-dam ya pur-khush- 

bii. 
Breathing, n, tanaffus, dam lena, 

khuriij, makhraj. 
Breathingplace, n, waqfa, tawaqquf, 

fursat. 
Breathingtime, n. kdhill, tafarruh, 

aram, sustaw, fursat. 
Breathless, a. be-dam, hanphta, be- 

jan, mur.da. 
Breathlessness, n. hanph-hanphi, 

sans ka bharjanaphul-jand ya tiit- 

jana. 
Breech, n. chutar, pichha, penda, 

kothi. 
Breech, v. pae-jame men ddlna, pae- 

jame se arasta k. 
Breeches, n. pae-jama, jdnghiya, 

ghutanna. [zi.. 

Breeching, n. kora-bazi, chabuk-ba- 
Breed, v. paida k., paida h., janna, 

tarbiyat d. ya k., tarbiyat pana, 

parwarish k., ya pana, hamal se h., 

dalna, byana. 
Breed, n. nasi, aulad, al, zat, qism, 

khan dan. 
Breeder, n. janne wali, palne wala, 

charwaha. 
Breeding, n. tarbiyat, talim, ilm-i- 

majlis, ravish, atwar, qarina, 

khulq, parwarish. 
Breese, n. nesh-dar makkhi. 
Breeze, n. dhimi hawa, mulaim hawa, 

mauj. 
Breeze, v, dhime-dhime bahnd, mu- 

laimat se bahna. 
Breezeless, a. be-hawa. 
Breezy, a. mulaim hawa se thandha 

kiya gay a, mulaim hawa se bliara 

hua. 
Brethren, pi. bhai. 
Breve, w. baje ka ek aur^ i^ai^i^s^'L, 

ek cttioVi c\i\\X)cv\. 



BRI 



4G 



BRI 



I 



Brevet, n. ek sanad jis se ek ulide- 
darapni tankhwah se ziyada mar- 
tabe ka gina jata hai, faqat darje 
ki taraqqi na ki tankhwah ki. 

Breviary, n. khulasa, muntakhab, 
Runii padri ki wird-o-wazife ki 
kitab. aurad bandgi. 

Breviate, n. khulasa, muntakhab. 

Brevity, n. ikhtisar, ijmal, kotaJii. 

Brew, V. murakkab chizon ki sharab 
banana, joshanda k., boza gari k., 
boza-kashi k., shamil k., amez k., 
makhliit k., tadbir k., mansuba 
bandhna; pakana. 

Brewage, n. murakkab chizon ka 
sharbat ya sharab, amezish. 

Brewer, w. boza-kash, boza-gar, kal- 
war; mansiiba karne wala, tadbir 
karne wala. 

Brewery, n. boza-khana, bozabanane 
ki jagah. 

Brewinof, n. boze ki ghan, sharab 
ban fine ki ghan. 

Brewhouse, n. boza banane ka ghar, 
boza khana. . • 

Bribe, n. rishwat, akor, ghiis. 

Bribe, V. rishwat d., rishwat se ba- 
sil k. 

briber, n. rishwat dene wala; rishwat 
khor. 

« 

Bribery, n. rishwat-dihi ya rishwat- 

khori. 
Brick, n. int, khisht, ek chhoti paw 

roti. 
Brick, V, int bichhana, int sa rakh- 

na, kharanja banana. 
Brickbat, n. rora, int ka tukra. 
Brickclay, n. int banane ka chahla 

ya gara. 
Brickdust, n. int ki surkhi. 
l>ricklayer, raz yd raj,ma'mar. 
Brickkiln, n. pazaya, pajawa. 
Brickraaker, n, khisht-paz, kumhar. 
Bridal, n, shadi, bydh. 
Bridal, a. shddi ke mut'alliq. 
Bride, n. dullian. 
Bridebed, n, shadi ka bistar, shadi 

ka palang. 
Bridecake, n. roti jo ahl-i-Inglistan 

ki shadi men banti jati hai, shadi 

ki roti ya mithai. 
JBridechamber, n. shadi ka kamra. 



Eri 



fc 



I. 



[ 



Bridegroom, n. diilah, nau-shah, 

banra. 
Bridemaid, n, baratin, aurat jo shadi 

ke waqt dulha ke sath hoti hai. 
Brideman, n, baniti, mardjo shadi 

ke waqt diilah ke sath hota hai. 
Bridewell, n, wah qaid-khana jahan 

qaidion ko nek amal ki talim ilete 

hain. 
Bridge, n, pul, bansa, jawari, ghori, |, 

ghoranj. 
Bridge, v. pul bandhna, pul banana. 
Bridle, n. lagam, bag, nakel, nath, 

rok, rukawat. 
Bridle, v. lagam d., atkana, rokna. 
Bridler, n, lagam dene wala, rokne 

wala, atkdne wala. 
Bridlchand, n, lagam pakarne ka 

hath, jis hatli se bag pakarte hain. 
Brief, a. mukhtasar, mujmal, kotah, 

tang. 
Brief, n. ikhtisar, intikhab, khulasa, 

muqaddme ka khulasa jo wakil 

ko uski agahi ke liye diya jata 

hai. 
Briefly, ad, al-garaz, hasil-i-kalam, 

fii-jumla. 
Briefness, n, kotahi, ikhtisar, ijmal, 

tangi. 
Brier, n. kantaila jhar, kantila per, 

gokhurii, sada-gulab. 
Briery, a, kantaile per on se bhara 

hua, khur-khurji, kantila. 
Brig, n. do mastiila jahaz. 
Brigade, n. tuman fauj ka hissa, 

dasta. 
Brigadier, n, tuman-dar, fauj ke ek 

hisse ka sardar. 
! brigand, n. qazzaq, rah-zan, duzd. 
Brigandage, n, duzdi, qazzaqi, rali- 

zani. 
Brigandine, 7?. ek halka jahaz jaisa 

ki agle zamanon men claryai dakii 

rakhte the,baktar, zirah, jaushan. 
Brigantine, n. ek halka j ahaz. 
Bright, a. raushan, saf, taban, tab- 

nak, jila-ddr, munawar, zahir, 

nam -war. 
Brighten, v. raushan k. ya h., jila 

d.. ya k., chamkana, khul jana 

nikharna, saf h. 
Brightly, ad, raunaq sc, raushani se 



Bill 



47 



BRO • 



Jjriglitness, n, rausliani, tab-dan, 

tab, jalwagari, ab-dari, safai, tezi, 

ziraki, tez-fahmi. 
Brigiie, n. bandisli, siizish, qaziya, 

jhagra. 
Brigue, v, janclma, cliabna, manorna. 
brilliancy, n, raunaq, shua', rausliani, 

la,ma'. 
Brilliant, a. raiinaq-dar, bii-raunaq, 

taban, ab-dari. 
Brilliant, n. almas, umda-liira. 
Brilliantly, ad. raunaq se, ab-dari se. 
Brim, n, lab, kinara, cliashme, darya, 

ya saniundar ka kinara, aunth. 
Biim, V. miinli tak bliarna, laba-lab 

bliarna. 
Biimful, a. laba-lab, mulabbab, lab- 

rez, 
J^rimless, a. be-lab, be-kinara. 
Brimmer, n. lab-rcz pyala, laba-lab 

pyala. 
Brimming, a, laba-lab, lab-rez. 
Brimstone, n. gandliak, gogird. 
Brimstony, a. gandliak se bliara. 
Brinded, a. ablaq, laliar-dar, klial- 

dar. [pan. 

Brindle, n. ablaqi, laliar-dari, kabra- 
Brindled, a. ablaq, laliar-diir, kabra. 
Brine, n. ab-sbor, namkin pani, babr, 

samundar. 
Brinish, a shor, namkin, khari. 
Brinepit, n. lone pani ka garalia, 

kliare pani ka kuiid. 
Bring, v. lana, le-ana, lewakar ana, 

gliasitna, ghasit land, gliirra, 

lana, paliuncliana, dilana, kbincli- 

na, pliirana, pherna, jhukana. 
Bringer, n. lane waia, le-ane wala, 

ghasit lane wala, dilane wala, 

khincli lane wala, pliirane ya jhu- 

kane wala. 
Bnnk, n, kinara, lab, tir. 
Brisk, a, tez, chalak, zindadil, cliust, 

shokh, bharkila. 
r»risket, n. chhati. 
Briskly, ad. cliusti se, chalaki se, 

tezi se, jaldi se, zinda dili se. 
Briskness, n, ziudti-dili, cliusti, cha- 
laki, jandari, chabuki. 
Bristle, n. siiar ka bal, kara bal. 
Bristle, r. phurahri leu a, riuin 

khara h., bal thirraua. 



Bristly, a. khare hue kare balon s6 

bhara hua, katila, kantaila, khur- 

khura. 
Britannic, a. Britan mulk ke muta'- 

alliq. 
British, a. muta'alliq-i-mulk-i-britan. 
Briton, n. ahl-i-britan, niutawattin- 

i-britan. 
Brittle, a, ndziik, barik, tunak. 
Brittleness,"7i. naznki, bariki, zarre 

men tiitne ki khasiyat. 
Broach, n, sikh. 
Broach er, v. chhedna, salna, kholna 

kah d., batla d. 
Broachcr,?i. sikh, loheki sinkchhed- 

ne salne kliolne ke waste, miijid, 

bani, mukhtari. 
Broad, a. wasi, azim, kalan, ariz, 

farakh, kliulasa, zaliir, durusht, 

galiz. 
Broaden, v. khulasa k., chaurana, 

chaura ho jana, chaura bona. 
Broadish, a. kuchh chaura, thora, 

chaura. 
Broadly, ad, chakh'ii se, chaurai se. 
Broadness, n. arz, pahan, kaminagi, 

gandagi, galizpan. 
Broadcloth, n, banat, 
Broadside, n. jaliaz ka ek pahlii, ja- 

haz ke ek pahlii ki topon ka ek- 

bargi chhiitna ya'ne shaikh, ka- 

gaz ka ek bara takhta. 
Broadsword, n, klianra, chauri tal- 

war. 
Broadwise, ad. chaura, chakla, cliau- 

ras. 
Brocade, n. kam-khwab, kim-khwab, 

zar-baft, zar-doz. zari. 
Brocaded, a. kam-khwab kinikhwab, 

zar-baft zar-doz va zari sa buna 

hua, zar-baft-posh, kam-khwab 

posh, badla-posh. 
Broccoli, n. ek qisni kikobi. 
Brock, n. bejii ya bij jii. 
Brocket, n. do baras ke umr ka 

surkh liiran. 
Brogue, n. ek qisni ka jata, bad 

muhawara ya talaffuz, kharab za- 

ban ya boli. 
Broider. v. kar-clu^bi k.. gul-biita k. 
Broiderer, n, chikan-d\.z, gul-kar, 

biita-gar. 



BRO 



48 



BRU 



Broidery, n. kar-cliobi, chikan-dozi, 

gul-kari. 
Broil, n. qaziya, qissa, takrar, kusli- 

tam-kuslita. 
Broil, f. kabtib k., garm h., bhiinna. 
Broiler, n. kabab kame wala, garm 
hone wdla, nazaa afrokhta kame 
wala. 
Brokage, n. dallali, dastiiri. 
Broke, V, dallali k., arhatijai k. 
Brokenhearted, a. shikasta-khatir, 

dil^shikasta. 
Brokenly, ad. be-sil-sila, shikasta 

taur se. 
Brokenness, n. shikastagi. 
Brokenwinded, a. dam-chora, kam- 

dam ka. 
Broker, n. dallal. 
Brokerage, n. dallali. 
Brokerly, a. kamina, paji,.razila. 
Brokery, n. dallali, arhatiyai. 
Bronchial, a, gulii ke muta'alliq, 

gulii ka. 
Bronchocele, n. ghegha, ghegliwa, 
galgand, kliiinak 



Broth, n. shorba, shiirwa. 

Brotliel, n, kasbi-khana, kharabat- 

khana. 
Brotheller, n. kasbi-khane men jane 

wala, 
Broth elry, n. yar-bazi, randi-bazi, 

clihinal-pan, fahhashi, shahwati, 

fuhsh. 
Brother, n. saga-bhai, biradar, dost, 

qarabat-mand, rafiq, ham-sulibati. 
Brotherhood, n. biraxlari, e^anagi, 

firqa, abna-i-jins, ittifiiq, rifaqat. 
Brotherless, a. bagair biradar, bira- 
dar bagair. 
Brotherlike, a. bii-adar ke hiiq. 
Brotherly, a. biradarana, biradar-sa, 

shafiq, ulfati. 
Brought, jo. t. laya. 
Brow, n, abni, peshani, lab, kinara. 
Brow, V, kinara banana, hashiya ba- 



nana. 



katna, nari men nashtar kama. 
Bronze, n, kansa, phiil, pital. 
Bronze, v. pital sa kara k., pital ka 

rang k. 
Brooch, n, kapron ko atka rakhne 

ke liye chhati par ek baksiia. 
Brooch, f. zewar se arasta k. 
Brood, V. sewna, der tak taraddud 

men rahna, andesha k. 
Brood, n. bachche, aulad, jhol, paida 

hui chiz. 
Brooky, a. sewne ko rujii, sewne ko 

mail. 
Brook, n. chlioti nadi, hala. 
Brook, r. bar-dasht k., burd-bari k., 

tahammul k., sabr k. 
Brookly, a. chhoti chhoti nadiyonya 

ndlon se bhara hua. 
Broom, n. jhar, jhari, jharii, barhni, 

buhari, jiirob. 
Broom or Bream, v. jahaz saf k. 
Broomy, a. jhar se bhara hua, jhar 

ka bana hua, jharii se bhara ya 

bana hua. 
Broomstaff, Broomstick, w. jharii ki 

miith. 



Browbeat, v, ghurakna, dabkana, 
dhamkana, dabana, ankh dikhana. 

Browbeating, w. ghurki, dhamki, 
ankh dikhaw. 



Bronchotomy, n. nashtar se nari Browbound, n. ghurki, dliamki. 



ankh dikhaw. 
Browbound, a. taj-dar, sahib-i-taj. 
Browless, a, be-haya, be-sharm. 
Brown, n. gandumi rang, gandum- 

giin, bhiira. 
Brown, a, gandumi rang, sandali- 

rang, bhiira, dhundla, tarik. 
Brownish, a. kuclih bhiira, gandum 

gun. 
Brownness, n. bhiira-pan, dhundla 

pan, badami rang sa. 
Brownstudy, n. ilam-i-gaflat, khud- 

faramoshi. 
Browse, v. charna, tiingna, chugna. 
Browse, n. pallaw, dal, jhar, jhdri, 

gh as-pat. 
Browsing, n, gay gore ke liye chara. 
Bruise, v. kuchalna, kiinchna, dalna, 

pisna, chaknji-chiir k. . 
Bruise, n, kuchlai, chot, dalaw,pisaw. 
Bruiser, n. kuchalne wala, kiinchne 

wala, dahie wala, ghiisa .marne 

wala. 
Bruit, n, shuhrat, afwah, charcha. 
Bruit V, shuhrat lirana, zahir k., 

mashhiir k. 



\ 



A 



BUB 



49 



BUF 



Brumal, a, surmai, zamistani. 
Brunette, n, sanwali aurat, gandumi 

rang ki aurat. 
Brunt, n. sadma, zpr, zarb. 
Brush, n, kiinchi, mii-qalam, lomii 

ki dum, hamla, yiirish, jangal. 
Brush, V. kiiuchi marna ya pberna, 

kiinchi se saf k., tez chalna, ka- 

fiir houti, hawa ho jana. 
Brusher, n, kiinchi se jharnc wala, 

champat hone wahi, khisakne 

wala. \z^' 

Brushwood, n. jhari, jhar-biita, jan- 
Brusk, a. na-tarashida, be-inurraw- 

wat, be-adab, na-hamwar. 
Brustle, v. tarakna, karakna, cha- 

takna. 
Brute, a, be-his, be-hawas, be-aql, 

g"aii-natiq, wahshi. 
Brute, n. haiwan-i-nmtlaq. 
Brutal, a. haiwani, haiwan sa, wah- 

shi, be-rahm, sang-dil. 
Brutality, n, haiwaniyat, be-rahmi, 

sang dili. 
Brutalize, v, haiwan-sirat k. ya h., 

b.ihaim-kho k. ya h., sang-dil k. 

ya h., be-rahm k. ya h. 
Brutally, ad, haiwaniyat se, durush- 

ti se, be-rahmi se, sang-dili se, 

haiwdn ka sa. 
Brutely, ad. be-adabi se, na-tarashi- 

dagi se, be-murawwati se. 
Brutify, v. haiwan-kho k., bahaim- 

sa k., bakaim-sirat k. 
Brutish, a. haiwani, haiwan-sirat, 

wahshi, sang-dil", piich. 
Brutishly, ad, haiwan ka sa, haiw- 

ajiiyat se. durushti se. 
Brutishness, n. wahshi-pan, haiwa- 
niyat, be-rahmi. 
Bryony, n, fashira, ek kism ka dar- 

akht. 
Bubble, w. hubab, koi be-asl chiz, 

namiid-be-biid, daga-baz, fareb, 

inughalata, indrayan ka phal. 
Bubble, V. hubiib uthna, dhar-dhara- 

na, fareb d., daga d., khal-balana. 
Bubbler, n, dagha-baz, jal-saz. 
Bubbly, a. bulbulon ka ban a hua. 
Biibby, w. chhati, chiinchi, than. 
Bubo, n. janghasa, chaddha, kakhau- 

li, bad, baghi. 



Buccal, a.muta'alliq rukhsara ya gal. 
Buccaneer, n, duryai chpr ya dakii. 
Buck, n, sabun so mil a hua paui 

jismen kapre bhigoye ya dhoye 

jate hain. 
Buck, V. sabun se mile hue pani men 

bhigona ya dhona. 
Buck, n, hiran, harna, kharha, 

chhaila, banka, chikaniya. 
Buckbasket, n, tokra jismen kapre 

dhone ke liyc le-jate hain. 
Bucket, n, dol, dolchi, balti, pur, 

charsa. 
Ruckle, n. baksiia, chapras. 
Buckle, V, baksiia lagana, kamar- 

baudi k., jang ke liye taiyar honti, 

jluikna. 
Buckler, n, dhal, phari, sipar. 
Buckram, n, kalap-dar kapra. 
Buckram, a. kara, katliiu, thik. 
Buckskin, n. hiran ka chamra. 
Buckskin, a, luirneyii hiran ke cham 

ka ban a hua. 
Bucks tall, n. hiran pakarne ka jal. 
Bucolic, Bucolical, a, chaupani, dih- 

qani, wahshi pan, gopali. 
Bucolic, w. chaupai, masnavia, nazm, 

ya gazal. 
Bud, n. konpal, ankhuwa, tiisi, kali. 
Bud, f. kaliyana, konpal phiitna, 

konpal nikalna. 
Budge, V. sarakna, hatana, dabna. 
Budge, 71. bhenr ka achchlia bana 

ya hua mulaim bal, sambiir. 
Budger, w. hatne wala, sarakno 

wala, hatwaiya, talwniya. 
Budget, n, tliaili, bukcha, may a, 

khazana, mahasil ka hisab, kisa 

ya theli. 
BuH*, n, bhains ka chamra, bhains ke 

chamreka ranfif, halka zard rang, 

post, sabar. 
Buffalo, n. bhainsa, hliains, jamiis. 
Buffet, n. mukki, thappar, dhaul, 

thapera, ghiinsa. 
Buffet, V. dhauliyana, ghusiyana, 

mnkke marna. 
Buffeting, n. mar-pit, jhagra, ba- 

khera, tanta. 
Buffer, n, ek qism ki almari. 
Buffoon, a. maskhara,lv'aL'LTa\^'L».V^\^ 

\ blaanr. 

G 



BUL 



50 



BUO 



Buffoonery, n. tasakhkhiir, maskh- Bullock, w. badLiya bail, bail, dan- 



ra-pan,.niaskliaragi, hazl. 
Bug, n. kliatmal, khat-kirwa. 
Bug, Bugbear, n. kliiyal, gho-gho, 

go-go, dharalla, qissa, wham. 
Bugle, Bugle-horn, n, shikari ya 

jang ki karnai, turhi, narsingha. 
Bugle, n. kale kanch ka chamkila 

dan a. 
Bugloss, n. gao-zaan, lisanu-s-saur. 
Build, V, imarat banana, khara k., 

tamir k., itibar rakhna, ummed 

rakhna, itimad rakhna. 
Builder, n. bani, raj, mimar. 
Building, n. imarat, haweli, makan, 

mahal. 
Bulb, n. ganth, giiih, jar, Eai-gol- 

chiz. 
Bulbous, a. ganthila, ganth-dar. 
Bulge, n, pipe ka ubhra hissa, ub- 

har, ubhrdw. 
Bulge, V. phiil jaua, ubharna, ubhar 

jana, jhukna. 
Bulk, n. miqdar, qadd-o-qamat, an- 

daza, arz-o-tiil, qadr, kisi chiz ka 
.ziyada hissa, kisi imarat ka ubhra 

hua hissa. 
Bulkhead, w. jahaz men dr-par kath 

ki diwar. 
Bulkiness, n. jasamat, tan-awari, 

motapa. 
Hulky, a, jasim, qadd-awar. 
Bull, n, sanr, nar-gdo, bijar, burj-i- 

saur. 
Bull, n. Biim ke sardar padri ka 

liukmnama; ghalati, khata. 
Bullace, n. jangali khatta bair. 
Bullary, n. lliim ke sardar padri ke 

hukm-mimon ka majma. 
Bullbaiting, n. bailon aur kutton ki 

larai. 
BuUcalf, n. bachhwa, ahmaq, ghabi. 
Bulldog, n. ek qism ka qavi juratdai* 

kutta. 
Bullet, n. goli, biinda, chharra. 
Bulletin, n. hakimana kaifiyat, sa- 

rishtft se kaifiyat. 
Bullfinch, n. qism-i-tair, ek qism ki 

chiriya. 
Bullion, n. ZJir-o-sim. 
Bullish, a. ghalat, misl bail ke ba- 
wnqiif. 



gar. 
Bulltrout, n, ek bari machhli. 
Bully, n. kal-la-zan, shekhi-baz, 

sher-qalin, akar fiin, banka. 
Bully, V, laf-zani k., dhamkana, 

shekhi marna. 
Bulrush, n. bara motha. 
Bulwark, w. marhala, burj, sadd, 

panah, hisar. 
Bulwark, v. mazbiit k., qawi k. 
Bum, V. shor k. misl shahd ki 

makkhi ke. 
Bum bail iff, n. adalat ka piyada. 
Bumblebee, Humblebee, n. shahd ki 

bari makkhi. 
Bumboat, n. jahaz par kliane ki chiz 

wagaira pahunchane ki chhoti 

kishti. 
Bump, V. bak-bakk., shork., mama. 
Bump, n. siijan, ubhar, giimra, ga- 

thiya. [piydla 

Bumper, n. jam-i-lab-rez, laba-lab 
Bumpkin, n, dihqani, be-tamiz, nd- 

tarashida shakhs, ganwar. 
Bun, Bunn, n. pua, gendaura, qism- 

i-roti ya chapati. 
Bunch, n, guchchhd, khosha, dasta, 

gaddi. 
Bunch, V. phailna, jhar banna, guch- 

chha banna. 
Bundle, w. anti, gathri, bojha, buk- 

cha, pulinda. 
Bundle, v. gathri bandhna, ekattha 

bandhna. 
Bung, n. gatta, dhattha, dant, dat. 
Bung, V. pipe men dat^gattd.ya 

dhatta lagana, pipe ka^munh band 

k., dant jarnd. 
Bunghole, n. pipe men chhed. 
Bungle, V. buri tarah k., na-kara 

banana, kharab k., bosida k. 
Bungle, n, kharab anjam, na-kara 

kam. [dast. 

Bungler, n. na-azmiida-kar, kham- 
Bunglingly, ad. bad-usliib, be-hunari 

se, kharab, bad-numa. 
Bunting, n. ek qism ki chiriya. 
Buoy, n. tirenda, langar-numd, Ian- 

gar ka nishan, lakri jo langar se 

bandhi rahti hai aur jal ke lipar 

taira karti hai. 



•« 



BUR 



51 



BUS 



Buoy, V. tirana, utarana, sanbhalna, 

nibahna. 
Buoyancy, n, tiraw, utaraw, bliasaw, 

utirahat. 
Buoyant, a, utiraii, bhasan utirata, 

tairta, halka. 
Bur, n, ek qism ki khdr-dar phali 

jismen darkbt ki bij bote hain. 
Burden, w. bar, bojb, haml; dbiia, 

kari; radif, pet, bharti, antra. 
Burden, Burthen, v. bojh rakhna, 

ladna, bojhal k. 
Burdenoiis, a. sakht, pur-dard, dard- 

angez, be-faida. 
Burdensome, a. giran, wazni, pur- 
dard, dard-angez, sakht. 
Burdensomeness, n, wazn, girani, 

sakhti. 
Bureau, n. likhne ki almari.. 
Burganet, Burgonet, n. ek tarah ka 

khod ya maghfar. 
Burgess, n, shahri, us shahr ka ba- 

shinda jiske logon ko qaumi mai- 

lis men mukhtar bhejne ka ikhti- 

yar ho, ra-is. 
Burgess-ship, n. shahri ka ikhtiyar 

yauhda. 
Burgh, n. wah shahr jiske bashindon 

ko qaumi majlis men apne mukh- 
tar bhejne ka ikhtiyar ho. 
Burgher, n. shahri, us shahr ka 

bashinda jiske logon ko qaumi 

majlis men mukhtar bhejne ka 

ikhtiydr hota hai. 
Burglar, n. naqb-zan, daka-zan. 
Burglarious, a, muta'alliq-i-naqb- 

zani. 
Burglai^ n, naqb-zani, sendh, daka. 
Burgmote, n. jis shahr ke log qaumi 

majlis mpn apne mukhtar bhejne 

ka. ikhtiyar rakhte hain uski ka- 

chahri. 
Biu'gomaster, n. shahr ka hakim. 
Burgrave, n. shahr ka nazim, qala- 

dar. 
Burgundy, n. Bargandi mulk ki 

anguri sharab. 
Burial, n. dafn, tadfin, tajliiz, takfin, 

maqbara, goristan. 
Bfjiine, w. naqsh-kani ka ala. 
Burl, V. istri karna, dhobiyon ki 

manind kapra banana. 



Burler, n. istri karne wala. 
Burlesque, a. hansaii, zarr^f, nias- 

kharagi-augez, harraf, zarif, that- 

the-baz. 
Burlesque, n. thattha, kliilli, mazah, 

zarafat-amez bay an. 
Burlesque, v. tasakhkhur k., mas- 

kharagi 1?., mazah k. 
Burliness, n. qadd, miqdar, mutapa, 

mutai, shekhi, laf-zani, khud- 

faroshi, kalla-zani, gulgapara. 
Burly, a. jasim, azim-ul-jassa, she- 

khibaz, zorshor karne wala, tund, 

lantara-ni. 
Burn, V. jalana, jalna, dahna, roshan 

k*arna. 
Burn, n, jalne ka zakhm, sokhta, 

dagh. 
Burner, n, jalane wala, dtash-angez,. 

atash-afroz, chirag. 
Burning, n. atash, sozish, soz, atash- 

zani, ihtiraq. 
Burning, a. sozinda, soz-nak, shadid, 

tez, tund, sakht. 
Burning-glass, n. atashi shisha. 
Burnish, v, chamakana, jila dena, 

saiqal k., saf k., manjna, roshan k. 
Burnish, n. chamak jila, saiqal. 
Burnisher, n. saiqal-gar. jila-saz,jila 

dene wala shakhs ya ala, saiqal 

karne ka ala. • 

Burrow, n, bil, mand. 
Burrow, v, bil banana, mand banana, 

bil khodna. 
Bursar, n. madrase ka khazanchi, 

wazife-dar, talib-ul-ilm. 
Bursarship, n. madrase ki khazan- 

chi-gari, taukhwah-dar, talib-ul- 
ilm ka darja. 
Burst, V. phiitna, phatna,' tiitna, 

pliorna. 
Burst, n, karak, tarap, jharap, phii- 

tan, tiitan, pliiit, tiit. 
Bury, V. dafn k., madfiin k., dafana- 

na, mitti d. 
Burying, n. dafn, tadfin. 
Buryingplace, «. qabr-gah, qabris- 

tan, maqbara, dargah. 
Bush, n. jhar, jhari, dal, dali. 
Bush, V. jhjirion ka ekattha h., dhiit 

se siirakh k., jhumra bona. 
Bushel, n. battis ser ki \\^vm'i\v\. 



BUT 



52 



BYE 



I 



Bushy, a. jliar-dar, jhar ke manind, 

jliiioird. 
Busily, ad. ma&hgliiili se, sar-garmi 

se, chalald se. 
Business, n. slmgl, rauhimra, kar, 

niatlab, muamala, kam, peslia. 
Busk, n, ek bare j an war ki haddi ki 

takliti jis ko Farungistan ki aura- 
ten sinaband men lagati hain. 
Buskin, n, nisf-moza, nim-moza, ek 

qisra ka iinclia juta jis ko paliin 

ke qadini zamane ke naqqal dah- 

sliat-nak baton ki naql Kavte the. 
Buskined, a. nim-moza pahine hiie, 

iinchi jiiti pabiue hue. 
Buss, n. bosa, cluima, mitthi. 
Buss, V. bosa lena, chumnd ; chdma 

Icna. 
Russ, n. machhli ke shikar ki kishti. 
Bust, n. nim-qadd, nisf-qaniat ki 

sdrat ya taswir, sir se le kandlion 

tak ki murat, dhar, putla. 
Bustard, n. bara peril, qism-i-shutar 

murgh. 
Bustle, V. taga-pii k., bhir-bhar k., 

daur-dhiip k. 
Bustle, n, taga-pd, dawa-dawish, 

jaldi, gul-gapara, shorsharaba, 

harj-marj. 
Bustler, n, har-babi, mihnati shakhs. 
li^isy, a. mashgiil, masriif, mustagh- 

raq, sargarm, pesh-amadi. 
Busy, V, uljhaaa, mashghiil k., laga 

rahna. 
But, con,, prep,, ad,, &c. magar, ilia, 

lekin, walekin, amma, sirf, faqat, 

siwa, juz. 
Butcher, n, qasdi, qassab, zabih. 
Ikitcher, r. qatl k., zabah k., khiin k. 
But end, n, kisi chiz ka kuud sira ya 

nok. 
Butler, n, khan-saman, mir-saman^ 

shanib wagaira cliizon ka mubafiz. 
Ikitlorsliip, n, khan-sanian-gari, mir- 

sanian-gari, sbarab wagaira chizon 

ke muhafiz ka uhda. 
Butment, n, mibrab ka pushta. 
Butt, n, liadaf, nishana, goe-majlis, 

dhakka, takkar. 
Butt, V, tiikrmk, takkar larna, takkar 
indrniL 
■Butt, n, ba^a jupd. 



h 

h 






Butter, w. makkhan. 
Butter, V, makkhan chuparna. 
Butterfly, n, titri, titli, parwana. 
Muttermilk n, ghol, mattha, chhan- 

cbh, maheri, 
Butterprint, n, makkhan par chhapa 

kame ka thappa. 
Buttery, a, raugani, ghi sa chikna. 
Buttery, w. modi khana, bhandar 

khan a. 
Buttock, n, chiitar. 
Button, n. tukma, girih> biitam. 
Button, V. tukma bandhna, girih 

den a. 
Buttonhole, n. tukme ka halqa. 
Buttress, n. pushta, thek, Sahara. 
Buttress, v. thek dena, Sahara dena, 

pushtd bandhna. 
Butyraceous, Butyrous, a, raugani, 

chikna. 
Buxom, a. farman-bardar, muti, zin, 
dadil, chalak, shokh, aiydsh, ran- 
.gila. 
Buxomly, ad. farman-bardari se, 

shokhi se, behayai se. 
Buxomness, n. farman-bardari, sho- 
khi, be-hayai. 
Buy, V, mol lena, kharidnu, bai' k. 
Buyer, n. kharidar. 
Buzz, V, bhinbhinana, ghunghunana, 

phusphusana, kaniipbiisi k. 
Buzz, 71, bhinbhinahat, ghunghuna- 

hat, phusphusahat. 
Buzzard, n. baz, ahmaq. 
Buzzard, a. na-ddn, be-waqii^ kund- 

zilm. 
Buzzer, n, kana-phiisi kar«^ walay 

phusphusahat se kahne wala. ' 

By, p7'ep, se, ba-sabab, ke sahab, ke 

bais, par, men, nazdik. 

l^y, ad, nazdik, pas, samne, guzarta. 

By, Bye, n, kahte kalite koi bat 

siijh pare to; by the hy ya hy the 

bye, kahte hain, ban bliala. 

By-and-by, ad, dam bhar men, dam 

men, thori der ke bad. 
By, n, bai ka lafz jab kisi diisre-Mz 
ke sath jora jata hai tab iske 
mane sidhi rah ke bahar hote 
hain. 
BycoTwer, u. e\^o^\\^a ^o^^. 



CAJ 



53 



CAL 



Bygone, a. guzra. 

J3ylane, n. kiicha. 

Bylaw, n. qaida-i-maklisiis, kliass 
qdida, poshidagi se ya apas men 
niuqarrar kiy^ gaya qaida. 

Byname, a. laqab. 

Jiypast, 71. gay^-guzrd, raft-guzasht. 

Bypath, Byroad, n, chor-rali, kiicha. 

Bystander, w. pas khara dekhne 
wala, shahid. 

Bystreet, n. chor-rali, kiicha. 

Byview, n, apni garaz. 

Bywalk, n, chor-rah, kiicha, gali. 

Byway, n. chor-rah, kiicha, gali. 

Byword, n, masal, kahawat. 

Byzant, Byzantine, n. Baizdushiam 
shahr ki bani hui ashrafi. 



c. 



C. Angrezi hariif-tahajji ka tisra 

harf. Is ka talaffuz bataur K ke 

bhi hota hai, aur bataur S ke. aur 

yah harf bajae sau ke likhijata hai. 
Cab, V, yahiidi paimana. 
Cabal, n. sazish, bandish. 
Cabalism, v, yalmdion ka poshida 

ilm. 
Cabbage, n. ghobi, karamkalla. 
Cabin, n. jhonpra, jahaz-ki kothri, 

chhappar. 
Cabin, v, jhonpre men rahna. 
Cabinet, n, khalvyat khana, diwan- 

khaiia, almari. 
Cable, 'w. langar ka rassa, lahas, 

burj. 
Cabriol^, v, ek qism ki khuli gari. 
Cachexy, n, qism-i-bimari. 
Cachinnation, n, khilkhilahat ki 

hansi. 
Cackle, v, karkarand, khilkhilana, 

qa-qd k. 
Cackle, n. murg ki awaz, behiida 

goi, barbarahat. 
Cadaverous, n. murdar-sd, murdani, 

sard, muta'affin. 
Cadence, n, kam dwaz, lahja, ilhdn. 
Cage, w. pinjrd, qafs. 
Caitiflf, n, kafir, murdiid, adharmi, 

canfan-chor. 
Cajole, V. phusldna, dam d., kliu- 
sbdmad k. 



Cake, n, i^n-khatai, shirmal, roti^ 
phulkd. 

Calamanco, n, ek qism ki bandt. 

Calabash, n. tonbd, lauki. 

Calamitous, a. bad-bakht, pareshdn. 

Calamity, n. dfat, musibat. 

Calcine, v. khdkistar k., kushta k. 

Calculate, v. hisab k., shumdr k., 
ginna, anddza k. 

Calculation, n. hisdb, ehimidr, andd- 
za, takhmind. 

Caldron, n. deg, kardhi, handd. 

Calefy, v. garm k. yd h., dahkand. 

Calendar, n. taqwim, patrd, jantri. 

Calender, v, kundi k., muhra k., 
ghotnd. 

Calenture, v. tap-i-harr. 

Calf, w. bachhra, bachhiyd, piiidli, 
gosht. 

Calibre, n. top yd bandiiq ki muhri, 
nali; tir. 

Calico, n, chhint, siiti siydh kaprd. 

Calk, V. siirdkh-band k., darz-bandi 
k. 

Call, V. ndm rakhnd, buldnd, pukdr- 
nd, talab k. 

Call, n. pukdr, buldwd, talab. 

Callid, a, makkar, daghdbdz, hild-bdz. 

Callidity, n. makr, hild. 

Calling, n. pesha, hirfa, kasb, kdr-o- 
bdr, ishtahdr. 

Callous, a. sakht, sang-dil, be-dard. 

Callousness, n. shakhti, sang-dili, 
bedardi. 

Callow, a. be-bdl-o-par, liindd, nangd. 

Calm, a. sdkin, asiiJa, sthir, sunsdn. 

Calm, V. sdkin k., taskin d., dram 
d., tassalli k., thanda k., dildsd d. 

Calm, n. taskin, dsiidagi, rahat. 

Calmly, ad. miilaimat se, tahammul 
se, dhista se. 

Calmness, n. asiidagi, rdhat, taham- 
mul. 

Calomel, n. pare-kd kushta. 

Calorific, a. garm karne wdld, hard- 
rat paidd karne wdld. 

Caltrops, n, gokhrii, khdr khasak. 

Calumet, v, huqqa, gurguri. 

Calumniate, v. tuhmat la^dria^b^d.- 



CAN 



54 



CAR 



Calve, V. biyana, janna. 
Calx, n, khakistar, klial^ 
Camel, n, lint, shutur. 
Camlet, n. shal-bafi, pattii, siif. 
Camera-obscura, n. taswir dekhne- 

EiQi aia« 
Camp, n. laslikar-gah ya khaima- 

gah, parao. • 

Campaign, n. maidan, ghaza, safar- 

i-jang, chha-oni. 
Camomile, n. babiina. 
Camphor, n kafiir, kapiir. 
Can, V. sakna, qabil h. 
Can, n. piyala, qaraba, kulhiya. 
Canal, n. nahr, khala, nali. 
Canary, n. ek chiriya ki qism. 
Cancel, v. mansiikh k., metna, rad k. 
Cancer, n. kark, sartan, burj-i-sar- 

tan, bliakandar. 
Candent, n, garm, taban, munawwar. 
Candid, a. sufed, saf, safdil, sadiq, 

sachclia. [tawaqqi. 

Candidate, n. ummedwar, talib, mu- 
Candidly, ad. safai-se, mukhlis-ana. 
Candle, n, batti, shama. 
Candlestick, n. sliamadan. 
Candour, n, safai, saf-dilli, sadaqat. 
Candy, v, pagna, murabba k. 
Cane, n, bet, ganna, likh, naishakar. 
Cane, v, lathiyana, bans-marnd. 
Canine, a. kutta-sa, sag-sifat, kalbi. 
Canister, n, sanduqcha, dibba. 
Canker, n. kira, ghun. 
Cannibal, n. adam-kbor. 
Cannon, n, top, zarb. 
Cannonade, v. topen cbalana, gole 

marna, golandazi k. 
Cannot, n. na-sakna. 
Canoe, 7i, donga, dongi, kisbti. 
Canon, n, qaniin, ain, rasm, zabita. 
Canopy, n. sayaban, cbhatr, sbami- 

ana, cbhatgiri. 
Cant, n. makr-ki bat, cbarb-zabani, 

bazaii-bat. 
Canter, ?^. makkar, riyakar, zabid 

khushk. 
Canton, n. zila, pargana. 
Cantonment, w. ebbaoni, lasbkar- 

gah. 
Canvass, n, wilayati tdt, kirmiz. 
Canvass, v. cbbanna, tabqiq k., 
janchna. 



Cap, n, topi, kulab, taj. 
Capable, a, qabil, laiq, sazawar. 
Capacious, a, kusbada, farakb, wasi. 
Capaciousness, n, kusbadagi, fara- 
kb i, wasaf, zarfiyat. 
Capacity, n, samao, gunjaisb, qab- 

liyat, muqdiir, shaiir. 
Caparison, a, ghore ke araish ki 

jliul,jal. 
Cape, n, ras, nok-dar zamin, gare- 

ban, nak. 
Caper, n, kiid, uchbal. 
Caper, v, kiidna, uchbalna, sbutar 

ghamzii k. 
Capital, a, asli, mutlaq, sadr, awwal, 

wajib-ul-qatl, shadid. 
Capital, w. Bar-maya, maya, piinji, 

asl, dar-us-saltanat, rajdliani. 
Capitation, n, sar-sbumari. 
Capitulate, v. sliarton per miiti h. 
Capitulation, n, qaul-o-qarai*, abd-o- 

paiman. 
Capon, n. kbusiya. 
Caprice, n. wabm, kbam-kbiyali, ta- 

lawwun mizaji. 
Capricious, a, talawwun-mizaj, be- 

qarar. 
Capricorn, n, burj-i-jadi, makr. 
Captain, w. sardar, sar-gurob, na- 

khuda. 
Caption, n, bakim ki taraf se girif- 

tari. 
Captious, a, bujjati, takrari, aibjo, 

jbagralii. 
Captivate, v, farefta k., mobna,, qaid 

k., giraftar k., balqa-ba-gosb k. 
Captive, n, asir, qaidi, bandi, mah- 

bas. 
Captivity, 7i. asiri, giriftari, qaid. 
Captor, n, pakarne wala, girinda. 
Capture, n. taskhir, gbai*at, pakrao. 
Car, n, gin, bahal. 
Caravan, n, qafila, karwan. 
Caravansary, n. sarae, karwan-sarae. 
Caraway, w. ajmod, zira-i-riimi, aj- 

wayan. 
Carbon, n, sbab cbarag, mubdsa, 

gbao, koela. 
Carcass, n, lasb, murda. 
Carcanet, n, jawabirat ki zanjir ya 

tauq, bimail. 
Card, 71, ruqa, waraq; ganjifa, tash. 



CAR 



55 



CAT 



r«ard, V. dhunna, tiimbna. 
Cardamums, n. ilaechi, qaqula. 
Carder, n. dhuniya, behna. 
Cardiac, a, dili, m^ta'alliq-i-dil, 

mufarrah, muqawwi. 
Cardinal, a, asli, miitlaq, awwal, 

'azim. 
Cardinal points, w. atraf-i-jalian. 
Care, n. fikr, andesha, liawala, hifa- 

zat. 
Care, v. fikr k., andesha k., miilia- 

fizat k. 
Career, n, daiir, raftar, chal-clialan. 
Careful, a. khabardar, hoshyar, an- 

deshanak. 
Carefully, ad, khabardari se, hosli- 

yari se. 
Carefulness, n. khabardari, fikr- 

mandi. 
Careless, a, ghafil, be-khabar, be-fikr. 
Carelessness, n. gafili, be-khabri. 
Caress, v. nawazish k., naz k., 

piyar k. 
Cargo, n. bar-i-jahaz, bojh, bharti, 

khep. 
Carious, a. bosida, sara. 
Cark, V. mutaraddid li.,mutafakkarh. 
Carmine, n, nil i ay at surkh rang, 

qirmiz. 
Carnage, n, qatl, muqatala, khun- 

rezi. 
Carnal, a. jismani, nafsani, shah- 

wati. 
Carnivorous, a. gosLt-khor, darinda. 
Carol, V, gana, bajana, chuhal k. 
Carol, n. khush, sarod, naghma. 
Carotid, a. un-donon shiryan ke 

muta*alliq jin ke wasile-se khun 

dimag ko paliiinchta hai. 
Carouse, v. sharab pina, badmasti k. 
Carp, \\ aib-giri k., nnkta cliini k. 
Carpenter, n, barhai, najjar, darod- 

gar. [qalin. 

Carpet, n. farsh, dari, shatranji. 
Carriage, n, gad, barbardari, waza, 

tariq, chal. 
Carrier, n, hammal, gariwan, qasid. 
Carrion, n. murdat, lash, saragosht. 
Carrot, n, gajar, zardak. 
Carry, v, lejana, karna, kam nikalna, 

amal k., ch aland, nibahna, chal 

chain a, rayiya r. 



Cart, w. gari, chhakra. 

Cartel, v, qaidion ke mubadila k» 

ahh-o-paiman. 
Carter, n, gariwan. 
Cartouch, n. tosdan, saz. 
Cartridge, n. tonta, kartiis. 
Crave, v, tarashna, katna, kholna. 
Cascade, n, ab-shar, jharna, chadar. 
Case, n, gilaf, miyan, sandiiqcha, 

juzdaii, hal, halat. 
Case, v. gilaf-men rakhna, dhampna. 
Casement, n, klii ki, darwaza. 
Cash, n, naqd, riipiya-paisa. 
Cash, V. torana, bhiiiuina, bhanjana. 
Cashier, n, fota-dar, khazanchi. 
Cashier, v\ bartaraf k., maziil k. 
Cask, n. pipa. 

Casket, n. sanduqcha, dibba. 
Cassia, n. taj, tej-pat, anialtas. 
Cassock, n, kurta, khirqa, jubba. 
Cassowary, n. ek bari chirya. 
Cast, V. phenkna, dalna, dhalna, 

jharna, litarna, chhitrana, tarkib 

lagand, hisab k., fikr k. 
Cast, n, phenk, andakht, tappa, 

dhal, gamza, kaj-bini, qalib, na- 

miina. 
Castanet, n, kartal, thikri. 
Caste, n. zat, qaum, tarn bib. 
Castigation, n. saza, tazir, tambih. 
Castle, n. qila, hissar, kot. 
Castor oil, n, rendi ka tel. 
Castrate, v. khassi k., khoja k., 

akhta k., badjiiya k. 
Casual, a. ittifaqi, arizi. 
Casualty, n, ariza, ittifaq, afat. 
Casuist, n. murshid, hadi, gurii, 

takriri, alim, faqih, giirii. 
Casuistry, n, takrar, masail-dini. 
Cat, n, billi, billa, gurba. 
Catalogue, n. fihrist, siyaha. 
Cataract, n, ab-shar, jhirna, chadar. 
Catarrh, n. nazla, ziikam, sardi. 
Catastrophe, n. aqibat, bad anjam, 

afat. 
Catch, V, pakarna, pakar-lena, 

girift k. 
Catechize, v, sawal k., piichhna. 
Catechism, n, sawjii-o-jawab. 
Category, 71. jins, davja, halat. 
Catenation, n. silsala, zanjir bandi. 



CEL 



56 



CHA 



Catgut, n. tant. 

Cathartic, a. julljib, mus-liil. 

Catliedral, a. azim girja. 

Catholic, a, anium. kiill. 

Cattle, n. gae-ghora, dangar, raawa- 

fehi. 
Caudle, n. achhwani, harira, lapsi. 
Caul, n. jhilli, jali, petka-pjirda. 
Cauliflower, n. ])hul-ghobi. 
Causal, a, nuijid, musabbib. 
Cause, n. sabab, bais, jihat, wajh, 

wasta, muqaddama. 
Cause, V, karauii, kama, paida k. 
Causeless, a, be-sabab, na-haqq. 
Causeway, n. unchi-sarak, kharanja. 
Causey, n, bandh, bandh. 
Caustic, n. tezab, hadd, dawa. 
Cautery, w. dagh, gul, soz. 
Cauterize, v. dag d., gul d., jalana. 
Caution, n, khabardari, ihtiyat, za- 

miui, tadbir, parhez. 
Cautious, a. khabardar, hoshyar, 

diirandesli. 
Cavalcade, n. sawari, jilau, hashmat. 
Cavalier, n. sawar, mirzada. 
Cavalry, n, turk-sawar, sawaron ka 

risala. 
Cave, Cavern, w. ghar, khoh, guph^. 
Cavil, V. harf-giri k., nukta-chini k., 

aib-giri k. 
: Cavity, w. ga'ha, jauf, ghar. 
Caw, V. kan-kan k. 
Cease, v. baz-rakhua, mauqiif h., 

niultawi-rahna, (iast-har-dar h. 
Ceaseless, a. daim, mudam, lagatar. 
Cedar, n, s.arv, saro, sanaubar.* 
Cede, t\ de-dena, chhorna, hawala k., 

taslim k. 
Ceil, V. chhat-lagana ya banana. 
Ceiling, n, chhat, saqf. 
Celebrate, v. tarif k., mashhiir k. 
Celebrated, a. namwar, mashhiir. 
Celebration, n. zikr-i-Mzim, t«zim. 

tarif, afrin. 
Celebrity, n, namwari, shuhrat, ish- 

tihar. 
Celerity, n. chusti. jaldi, shitabi. 
Celery, n, ajwaen khorasani. 
Celestial, a. asmani, bihishti, jan- 

nati. 
Celibacy, n. mujarradi, na-katkho- 

dii, tajrid. 



Cell, n. kothri, hujra, gosha, kunj. 
Cellar, n. tah-khana,'sharab-khana. 
Cement, n. rekhta, gach, saresli, 

paiwand. 
Cement, r. jonia, milana, paiwand k., 

chiptaua. 
Cemetery, n. rauza, maqbara, mazar- 

gah, goristan. 
Cense, v. mua'ttar k., khiishbiidar k. 
Censer, n. dhiip-dan, agar-dan, ahuti. 
Censor, n, muhtasib. 
Censorious, a. aib jo, harf-gir. 
Censurable, a. ilzam-ke laiq bat, 

zabiin. 
Censure, n. ilzam, malamat. 
Censure, v, ilzam d,, malamat k. 
Cent, n. sau, sad, saikra. 
Centiloquy, n. sau-guua bayan. 
Centipede, n. kankhajiira, hazar pa. 
Central, a. bich-ka, darmiyani, mu- 

tawassit. 
Centre, n. darmiyan, bich, marknz. 
Centuple, a. sau-guna, sad-chand. 
Centurion, n, siibadar, tuman-dar. 
Century, n. sau-baras, sad-sal. 
Cerecloth, n. mom-jama. 
Ceremonial, n. rasm, mudara, zahir- 

dar. 
Ceremonious, a, takallufi, takalluf 

mizaj, zahir-dar. 
Ceremony, n. takalluf, adab, rasm, 

shaukat, rit, zahir-dar. 
Cerrus, n. ek qism ka baliit. 
Certain, a. muqarrar, be-shak, ya- 

qin, falan, baze, koi. 
Certainly, ad, albatta, be-shak. 
Certainty, n. yaqin, tahqiq, taqar- 

rur, sachha, muqarrar chiz. 
Certificate, n. sanad, chitthi. 
Certify, v, muqarrar k., agah k., 

sabit k., tahqiq k. 
Cerulean, n, asmani rang, abi-rang. 
Cesarean, v, pet chak kar ke larka 

nikalna. 
Ceruse, v, safeda. 
Cess, V, khiraj ya mahsiil lagana. 
Cessation, n, tawaqquf, muhlat, 

faragat. 
Cession, n. de-dalna, taslim, tafwiz. 
Chafe, V. malna, malish k., khujana. 
Chaff, n, bhiisi, chokar, bhiisa. 
Chagrin, n, khafagi, ranj, azurdagi. 



CIIA 



• Di 



CHE 



Chaio, n. zanjir, silsila, lialqa-ba- 

gosli. 
Chain, t?. zanjir se bandhna. 
Chair^ n. kursi, chanki. 
Chairman, n. mir-inajlis. 
Chaise, n. gad, ekka, baghi. 
Chalcedony, n, jauhar. 
Chaldron, n, koele-ka paimana. 
Chalice, n. piyala, argha. 
Chalk, n. khari mitti, khariya. 
Challenge, v, larai-mangna, daVa 

k., mangna. 
Challenge, n, jang-joi, da'wa, talab. 
Chamber, n, kamra, kothri, khana, 

kothi. 
Chamberlain, n. hajib, nazir. 
Chameleon, n, girgit, bu-qalamun. 
Champ, V, chabana. 
Champaign, n, maidan, sahra, qism- 

i-mai. 
Champion, n. pahlawan, bahadur, 

jangawar. 
Chance, n. qismat, nasib, ittifaq. 
Chance, v. waqi h., ittifaq h., nazil h. 
Chancel, n. girja-ka haram. 
Chancellor, n, sadru-s-sudii, sadar- 

diwan. 
Chancery, n. sadar adalat. 
Chandelier, w. battion ka jhar. 
Chandler, n, batti-saz ya farosh. 
Change, w. tabdil, badli, tagaiyur, 

inqilab. 
Change, v. badalna, badal d. 
Changeable, v. mutalauwin, tala- 

wun-taba, be-qarar. 
Channel, n, nala, khari, zarf-i-darya. 
Chant, V, ilhan-se parhna, sarod k., 

gana. 
Chaos, n. alam-i-haiyulani, be-tartib, 

jalmai. 
Chape, n. kanta, baksda, ankra. 
Chapel, n. ibadat-khana, mabid. 
Chaplain, n. padri, pujari. 
Chaplet, n. silira; tasbih, mala; 

chliota girja. 
Chapter, n. bab, fasl. 
Character, n. harf sifat, khassiyat 

nam, jauhar, shakhsiyat. 
Characteristic, a, nishan, alamat, 

sifat. 
Characterize, v. khassiyat bayiin k. 
Charcoal, n. koela. 



Charde, n. ek qism ka ujiiamnia. 
Charge, n. hr.wala, sipurd, Iiukm, 

farman, tnlimat, ilzain, kliarcli, 

hamla, Im u n, Miarji, qiniat. 
Charge, v, sipuid k., hiikuni k., 

farman d., takid k., tuluninnat 

lagana, kharcli k., liamlak., bliar- 

na, bojli daliia, liklina. 
Cluirjrer, n. qaJ>, tasht, asp-i-jimg. 
Chariot, n. gad, araba, ratli. 
Charioteer, n. gari-wan, rath-ban. 
Charitable, a. iiiukliaiyar, sjiklii, 

khairkliwah. 
Charity, n. kliairat, kbair-kliwalii, 

faiyazi. 
Charlaton, n, clihota hakim, tliag 

hakim, nim liakiuu 
Charm, v. farefta k., jadii k., nawaz- 

zisli k. 
Charm, n. jadii, tawiz. tilism. 
Charm en, w. jadii-gar, dil-bar. 
Charming, a, dil-chasp, dil-ruba. 
Chamel, a. purgosht, goshtdar. 
Chart, n, lab-i-darya ka naqslia, 

naqsha. 
Charter, n, sanad, ahd-nama. 
Cliary, a. khabardar, hosbyar. 
Chase, v. khedna, ragedna, piocha k.,- 

daiirna, shikar k., hankna, tarash- 

na. [^ub, raged. 

Chase, n, shikar, said, pairavi, ta'-. 
Chasm, n. darz, dai*ar. shigaf. 
Chaste, a. pakdaman, pakizn, parsa. 
Chastise, v. saza d., tambih k. 
Chastisement, n. saza, tambih. 
Chastity, n, pak daniaiii, pakizgi, 

parsai. 
Chat, n. bat-cliit, guft-gii. 
Chateau, n. qila. 
Chattels, n, asbab, chiz-bast, mal, 

niata'. 
Chatter, v, chircliii-anji, tenten k., 

bakna, bakbak k., bajna. 
Cliaw, V. cliabana, chabna. 
Cheap, a. sasta, arzan, kani-qimat, 

beqadar. 
Cheapen, v, sasta k., mol gbatana. 
Cheapness, n, arzani, sasta*i. 
Cheat, n, makr, daga, fareb, daga- 

baz, makkar. 
Cheat, V. fareb k., dagal.'azii k.^ 



u 



CHI 



58 



CHR 



Check, n. rok, zabt, miizaliimat- 

kaid. 
Check, V. rokiui, zabt k., dantna. 
Cheek, n. gtil, riikhsara, ariz. 
Cheer, v, khiisli k., tasalli d., hul- 

karna. 
Cheer, n. khurrami, aram, masarrat. 
Cheerful, a. khush-mizaj, kliurram, 

shad. 
Cheerfully, ad. khushi-se, shad- 

rnana, ba-sar-o-chashm. 
Cheerfulness, n. khush-mizaji, khur- 
rami. 
Cheerless, a. na-khush, udas, gamgin. 
Cheese, n. panir, chakka. 
Cheesecake, n. qism-i-mithai. 
Chemist, n. kimiyagar, kimiya-s4a. 
Chemistry, n, kimiya, ihn kimiya. 
Cheque, n. hiindi, tip. 
Chequer, v. do-rangi k., abri k. 
Cherish, v. palna, parwarish k. 
Cherisher, n. palne-wala, parwar. 
Cherub, n, karriibi, farishta, malak. 
Cherry, n. alii-balii, shah-dan a, wiU- 

yati-makoi. 
Chess, n. shatranj. 
Chessom, n. nam-dar mitti, narm 

mitti. 
Chest, n, sanduq. chhati, siDa. 
Chestnut, n. shah baliit. 
Chew, f. chabna, chabana, jugalna. 
Chicane, n, hila-hawala, lait-o-ldl. 
<.^hick. Chicken, w. chiiza. 
Chicken-hearted, a. dar-pokna. 
.Chiqle, v. dantnd, jhirkna, sarzanishk. 
Chiefs -«. auwal, muqaddam, sardar, 

bar a. 
Chief, n, sardar, rais, sharif, wall. 
Chiefly, ad, auwalan, khnsiisan, ak- 

sar. 
Chilblain, n. biwai. 
Child, 72. baclicha, larka, tifl, pisar, 

baba. 
Childbirth, n. jauna, dardri-zih. 
Childhood, n, larkapan, tufiiliyat. 
Childish, a, tifl-inizaj, nadan. 
Childishness, n, tifl-mizaji, nadani. 
Childless, a, la-walad, befarzand. 
Chiliad, n, ek liazar, sahasr. 
Chill, a. thanda, sard. 
Chilliness, n. sardi. thandak. 
Chjnw, n, tdh tdl-nie], thankjir, gajar. 



Chime, v. tal d., ektal h., ham-a 

hang h., hamwazn h. 
Chimera, n, wahm, kham-kliiyal. 
Chimerical, a. wahmi, khiyali. 
Chinniey, n. diid kash, bukhari. 
Chin, n. zanakh, thorhi. 
Chink, n. darz, chhed, shigaf. 
Chink, V, chhanchhanand, jhanjhana- 

na. 
Chintz, n, chhint. 
Chip, n, chhiptl, tukra, para. 
Chioppine, n, unchi jiiti. 
Chiromancy, n, samudrik, " ramal, 

*ilm-i-kaff. 
Chirp, V. chirchirana, chiin-chiln k. 
Chisel, n, riikhani, chheni. 
Chisel, V. sangtrashi ki kam k., 

tanki se kdtna. 
Chit, n, bachcha, tifl, chitthi. 
Chit-chat, n, bat-chit, gap-shap. 
Chivalry, n. bahdduri, dileri. 
Choice, w. ikhtiydr, intikhab, pa- 
sand, khwahish. 
Choice, a. khassa, nafis, tuhfa, pa- 

sandida. 
Choir, n. gawaiyon ka taifa. 
Choke, V, gala ghontna ya dabana, 

damband k., band k. 
Choler, n, pit, safrd, khafagi. 
Cholera, n. haizd-ki bimdri. 
Choleric, a, gussa-war, tund mizaj, 

safrawi-mizaj. 
Choose, V. pasand k., chunna, ikhti- 

yar k. 
Chop, V, ek ehot se kdtna, tukra« 

tukra k. 
Chop, n, dali, boti, shigaf, darz. 
Chopping, a. farhih, taza, phdla. 
Chops, n, jabra. 
Choral, a. gawaiyon \e taife ke mu- 

ta'alliq. 
Chord, n. tar, rassi. 
Chorister, n, gawaiya. 
Chorus, ri, gawaiyon ka tdifd, jawabi, 

kari, tal-o-sur. 
Chosen, a. pasandida, chiinagaya, 

maqbiil. 
Chouse, V, thagna, daga d. 
Chrism, n. dini rasmiyat ka tel. 
Christ, n, khudawand Isa-^masih. 
Christian, n, isawi, masihi, nasar- 

ani. 



CIE 



59 



CLA 



Christianity, n. din isuwi, isuwi 

mazhab. 
Christmas, n, masih ke paidaish ka 

din. 
Chromatics, a, rang se muta'alliq, 

rangon ka ilm. 
Chronic, a, derpa, derini, sari*ul- 

mi'd. 
Chronicle, n. tawdrikh. 
Chronogram, w. ek kitab jismen koi 

tarikh ya san wagaira abjad ke 

hisab se Hkha rahta hai. 
Chronology, w. ilm-i-tawarikh.^ 
(.'hrysolite, w. yaqiit. 
Chrystal, n. bilaur, kalam. 
Chuckle, V, hansna, kmtkutana. 
Chuff, n. be tamiz admi, janwar, 

bhainsa, sand. 
Chum, n. ham hujra, ham taam. 
Chump, n, kiinda, lakri ka tukra. 
Church, n. girjd, kalisa, jamaat. 
Churchyard, n, qabristan. 
Churl, n, gajiwar, dihqani. 
Churn, V. matliana, bilona. 
Churn, n, mathania, mihani, matki. 
Chyle, n, kailiis, aimaras. 
Chyme, n, kaimiis. 
C hymist, n, kimiya-gar, ahl-i-kimi- 

ya. 

Chymistry, w. kimiya, ilm-i-kimiya. 

Cicatrix, Cicatrice, w. zakhm ka 
nishan. 

Cicisbeo, n. ishq baz. 

.Cicurate, v. hildna. 

Cider, n. seb ki sharab. 

Cimeter, n. talwar, tegha. 

Cinder, n, koela, angdra. 

Cigar, n, pine ka tambakii. 

Cinnabar, n. shangarf, ingur. 

-Cinnamon, n. dalchini. 

Cinqefoil, n, panch pattiya, panj- 
angusht. 

Cipher, n. sifr, sunna, ramz-navisi. 

Cipher, V. hisab k. 

Circle, n. daira, halqa, ghera, jama- 
at, majlis. 

Circuit, n. gardish, daur, ihata. 

('ircular, a. gol, mudauwar. 

Circulate, * v. gardish k., ghtona, 
chaUna, phirana. 

Circulation, n. gardish, dauran, ghu- 
mao. 



Circumcision, n. katna, siiunat. 
Circumference, w. gird, ghera, daira. 
Circumjacent, a. mutassil, qarib, 

nazdik, aspas. 
Circumlocution, n. tul kalam, gar-^ 

dish-i-lafzi. 
Circumscribe, v. gherna, hadd bandh-' 

na, majbiir k. 
Circumspect, a. khabardar, hoshyar 

chaukas. 
Circumspection, n, khabardari, ihti- 

yat. 
Circumstance, n. halat, kaifiyat, ah- 

wal, waqt. 
Circumstantial, a. mufassal, wazih. 
Circumstantiate, v. mufassal bayan 

k., haqiqat-i-hal kahna. 
Circumvallation, n. gardish, ghumao, 

dauran, char diwari. 
Circumvent, v. fareb k., dliokha dV 
Circumvention, w. fareb, makr, dlio- 

kba. 
Circumvolve, v. ghiimwd, ghiimana. 
Circus, n, akliara, jaulan-gah. 
Cist, n, peti, boklila. 
C'isteni, n. hauz, chah-bachcha. 
Citadel, n. qila, garh, hisar. 
Cite, V. talab k., ilam k. 
Citizen, n, shahri, ahl-i-slihar. 
Citron, n, turanj, khatta, chakotra. 
City, n. shahr, nagar, abad. 
Civet, w. mushk; muslik-bilai. 
Civil, a. mulki, diwani, khaliq, sahib- 

i-adab, sahib-i-suMk. 
Civil-court, n, adalat diwani. 
Civilian, n. amil-pesha, ahl-i-qalam. 
Civility, n. kliulq, akhlaq, suliik, 

adab. 
Civilize, v. tarbiyat k., t^limk., sha- 

ista k. 
Civil -law, n, diwani ka liin. 
Civilly, ad akhlaq se, adab se. 
Civil-war, khana-jangi, apas men 

larai. 
Claim, n, dawa, istihqaq, darkhwasfc. 
Claim, V. dawa k., darkhwast k. 
Claimant, n, muddai, dawe-dar, dad- 

khwah. 
Clamber, v, charlma, sawar h. 
Clamminess,, n. laslasahat, cliipchi- 

pahat.. 
Clammy , u A^^kc ^X^'^^'^^^^v^^^^'^* 



CLE 



60 



CLO 



Clamour, n. slior, gnl, ganga, dhiira. 

Olatnour, v. pukarna, shor k. 

Clamp, n. pnttar, takhta. 

Clan, n. qaum, firqa, khandan, zat. 

Chincular, a. posl«ida, makhfi. 

Clandestine, a. poshida, chhipa. 

Clandestinely, ad. poshidagi se. 

Clang, n. kari awaz, khatakhat. 

(ylauk, 7?'. jhankar, jlianjhanahat. 

Clap. n. khatka, tali. 

Clap, V. zarb k , lagan a, tali bajana. 

Clapper, n, pliante ka latkan. 

Claret, ?i. lal-sharab. 

Clarify, v, saf k., mail chhantna. 

Clarion, n. karnar, turhi, buq^ nar- 

singha. 
Clash, n, takkar, zarb, jhankar. 
Clash, V, jhanjhanana, zidd k., tak- 

rana. [k. 

Clasp, r. bagal-giri k., lapetna, band 
Clasp, 71. bagal-giri, ankri, chapras. 
Class, n, darja, qism, jamaat. 
Classic, w. mutabar, musannif-mu'ta- 

bar. 
Clas>:ification, n. intizam, tajnis, tar- 

tib. 
Clatter, n, kharkharahat. [na. 

Clatter, v. kharkharana, thakthaka- 
Claudication, n, rukdwat, langrai, 

langrjihat. 
Clause, 71. fiqra, jumla, shart, a-in, 

fasl. 
Clavicle, n. han'sli. 
Claw, 71. nakhuu, changul, panja. 
Claw, V, kharochna, panje mama. 
Clay, n. gil, chikni mitti. 
Claymore, ?i. klianra, ek bare dodas- 

ti talwar. 
Clean, a. saf, pak, uj la- 
Cleanse, V. saf k., pak k., ujlana. 
Clear, a. shaffaf, saf, zahir, azad. 
Clear, v. saf k., zahir k., suljhaua, 

muaf k., mubarrd k., diir k., sar- 

kana, utlia d. 
Clearance, 7i. nikasi ki chitthi, ra- 

wanna. 
Clearly, ad. saf, zahirana, safai-se. 
Clearness, n. shaffafi, safai, ujlai. 
Clear-sighted,, a. diirandesh. 
Cleave, v. lagd-rahnd^ chimta rahna, 
chirnd, phdrnd. 
Cleaver, n. qa'sdi ki kiilhdrL 



Cleft, n. darar, darz, chak. 
Cleft, a. phara hiia. 
Clemency, n. rahm, shafqat. 
Clement, a. halim, gafiir. 
Clench, t?. mutthi-men pakarna. 
Clepsydra, v, pani ki ghari. 
Clergy, n. khadim-i-din, Masihi 

padrilog. 
Clergyman, n, khadim-i-din, Masihi, 

padri. 
Clerical, v, khadmon ka, padrion ka. 
Clerk, n. navisanda, muharrir. 
Clever, a. chalak, tez-fahm, hushyar. 
Clew, n. pechak, goli, kukri ; rahbari, 

dalalat. 
Client, n. mnwakkil, miinib. 
Cliff, n. pahdr ka pahlu, tila. 
Climate, n, ab-o-hawa, iqlim, sar- 

zamin. 
Climb, V. charhna, sawar h. 
Cling, V. laga-rahna, lipatna. 
Clinic, n. bistar ke muta'alliq. 
Clink, V, jhanjhanana, thanthanana. 
Clip, V. katarna, katna, tarashna, 

ghatdna. 
Clipping, n, kataran, chhant, 
Cloak, n, fargul, labadd, barani 

kurti, parda. 
Cloak, V. dhanpna, chhipana, lapet- 
na. ' 
Clock, n. ghari, dharam-ghari. 
Clock-maker, n. ghari-saz. 
Clod, w, dhila, dhima, ahmaq. 
Clog, n. bojh, atkao, wazn, khara-iin. 
Cloister, n. hujra, goshd, takiya. 

mihrabd^r rah. ' 
Close, V. band k., paiwand k., khatm 

k., milana, jorna. 
Close, n. akhir, tamami. 
Close, a. band, mahsiir, tang, pai- 

wasta, mild, laga, qarib, nazdik, 

mukh tasar, khamosh, bakhil, kasif. 
Closeness, n, kotahi, tangi, qubr, 

nazdiki, gunjani, kasafat, ganda. 
Closet, n. khalwat-khana, gosha. 
Cloth, n. kapra, parcha, dastar- 

khwan. 
Clothe, V, kapra pahnana, orhana, 

poshida k. 
Clothes, u. kapva, posliak, libas. 
Cloud, n. aW, >oid?^,\i^^\, m^%. 
Cloudiness, n. \ia.d\\, Vi\\Y\. 



COD 



61 



COL 



ly, a. abrnnma, meg-dar, glian- 
)r, dhundhla, 

, n. paiwand, jor, latta, safi, 
goti. 

!, 71. kiung, qaramphiil. 
!n, a, shigufta, pliara hda, khu- 
ar. 

jr, n, ghas ki qism. 
n, n. ganwar, dihqani, be-tamiz 
ni. 

aish, a, ganward, na tardshida, 
•tamiz. 

V. asiida k., ser k., aghana. 
, 71. sonta, chob, majlis, j amdat. 
£, V, kutkutana. 
ip, 71. kunda, jhund. 
isy, a. be-saliqa, anari, badwaza. 
;er, n, khosha, guchchhd. 
;b, 71. girift, pakar, qabz. 
ier, n. gul, shor. 
:er, n. huqna, pichkari. 
h, 71. char pahiye ki gari, ghur- 
ar. 

h-hire, n, gari ka bbara. 
hman, n, gariwan. 
tion, n, zabardasti, zor-awari. 
jutor, n. rafiq, sharik, sathi. 
ulate, V. j amana, munj amid k. 
, 71. koela, patthar ka koela. 
esce, V, milna, paiwasta h. 
escence, n. mel, paiwastagi. 
ition, 71. qarabat, dosti. 
se, a. mota, be-daul, na-tara- 
ida, nasbaista. 

t, 71. samundar ka kinara, lab- 
arya. 

, n, kurti, alkhalaq, gilaf. 
:, V, phuslana, bablana. 
►le, V, ganthna, tanknd. 
)ler, 71. chamar, kafsh-doz. 
veb, n, makri ka jala. 
ineal, n. qirmiz/kirm-dana. 
:, 71. murg, tonti, banduk-ka- 
ora, dberi. 

ade, n, pbulon ka guchchlia. 
:le, n. ghongha, qism-i-sip. 
:le, V, ghongba. 
iroach, n. telchattd, jhingur. 
:scoinb, n. taj-i-kbunis, turra. 
anut, 71. ndriyal. narjil. 
n, machhli ki qism, rhali. 
n. ainon ka majmda. 



Codicil, n. wasiyat-nama ka tatimma* 

Oodle, Coddle, v, nimjosh k., adba- 
pakka k. 

Coequal, a. bamsar, bam qadr. 

Coerce, v, zabt k., zor k., ba-zor k. 

Coetanean, a. bam-umr, bam-zama- 
na, bam-waqt. 

Cqeternal, v. bam-daimi, bam-abadi. 

Coeval, *a. bam-asr, bam-umr, bam- 
waqt. 

Coexistent, a, bam-zat, bam-waqt. 

Coffee, 71. qabwa, bun. 

Coffer, n. sundiiq, peti, durj. 

Coffin, 71. tabiit, kafn. 

Cogency, 7i. zor, quwwat, istiqrar. 

Cogent, a. qawi, zardr, ustawar. 

Cogitate, v, andesba k. 

Cogitation, n, fikr, andesba, gaur. 

Cognizable, a. abl i-adalat ke sunne 
ke laiq, masmd. 

Cognizance, n. baz kbwast, tabqiqat. 

Cobabit, v. bam-kbab b., bam-bis tar 
bond. 

Cohabitation, n, bam-subbati, bam- 
bis tari. 

Coheir, n, ham-wdris. 

Cohere, v. chaspida b., paiwasta h., 
milnd. 

Coherence, n, chaspidagi, paiwastagi, 
ilhdq. 

Coherent, a. chaspida, munj amid, 
muwdfiq, thik. 

Cohesion, n. chaspidagi, ildqa. 

Cohesive, a. chipchipa, las-ddr, chas- 
pida. 

Coil, n. shor-o-gul, dhiim-dham. 

Coin, 71. sikkd, zarb, paisd naqd. 

Coinage, n. sikkd zani, zarrabi, 
ijdd, bandish. 

Coincide, v, muwdfiq h., milnd, ekdil 
bond. 

Coincidence, n. muwdfaqat, mutdba- 
qat, mel. 

Coition, n, mujdmdat, jimd, mubd- 
sharat. 

Colander, n, clialni. 

Cold, a. thahdd, sust, be-parwd. 

Cold, n. thand, sardi, jdra, zukdm, 
nazld. 

Co\(\\y, ad. ^^^^V-^^,\>^'^^^^c^^-'^^» 



COM 



62 



COM 



Collapse, V. pichakjana, baith jdnd. 
Collar, n. gulii-baud, patU, tauq, 

garebaa. 
Collate, V, muqabala k., milana. 
Collateral, a. pahlii ba-pahlii, hain- 

jaddi, hamsar. 
Colleague, n. sharik, rafiq, ham- 

mansab. 
Collect, V, jama k., ikaftha k., 

malum k. 
Collection, n. ijtima, jama, tabsil. 
Collector, n. jama karne-wdla, tab- 

sil-dar. 
College, n. madrasa, jamaat^i-ulama. 
Collegian, n. tdlib-i-ilm, abl-ma- 

drasa. 
Collet, n. angiitbi ka kbana. 
Collier, n. pabari koeU-ka kbodne- 

wala. 
Colliery, n. koela ki kban. 
Colligate, v. bandbnd, kasna. 
Colliquate, v. gbuland, pighlana. 
Collision, n, dbakka, takkar. 
Colloquial, ^a, rozmarre-ka miiba- 

wara. 
Colloquy, n, bat-cbit, guftagii. 
Collusion, n. bandisb, sazisb. fareb. 
Collyrium, n, anjan, surma, kubal. 
Colonel, n, salar, bazari. 
Colonize, v. basana, abad k. 
Colonnade, n. cbibal-sutiin, sutiin 

ki qatdr. 
Colony, M. nau^abadi-mulk, sbahar- 

badaron ki jamaat. 
Colossus, n, but-i-azim. 
Colour, n, rang, siirat. 
Colour, V. rangna rang d., rangin 

k., sbarm kbana, banana, siirat d. 
Coloured, a, rangin, mulauwan, 

giina-gun. 
Colours, n. nisban, alam, jbanda. 
Colt, 71. bacbbera, kurra. 
Column, n. sitiin, rukn, pilpaya, 

sipdbion ki qatar. 
Comb, n. kangbi, sbana, kes, taj, 

sbabad-ka-kbana. 
Comb, V, kangbi k., safa k. 
Combat, n, larai, jang-o-jidal. 
Combatant, n. laraka, jangawar, 
pablawan. 



Combine, v, melana, paiwasta L, 

jorna. 
Combustible, a. atisbgir, jalanbar. 
Combustion, n. jalan, sozisb, ban- 

gama. 
Come, V, ana, a-jana, guzama, gima. 
Comedy, n, naql, sawang. 
Comeliness, «. kbiibsiirati, khush- 

numai. 
Comely, a, kbiAbsiirat, kbusbnuma, 

basin. 
Comet, n, sitara dumdar, jbarii. 
Comfit, n. mitbai, ghelafi-mew4, 

ilacbi-dana. 
Comfort, n, tasalli^ taskin, kbatir- 

jamai. 
Comfort, V. tasalli d., taskin k. 
Comfortable, a, taskin-bakbsh, asiida 

bal, muwafiq. 
Comforter, n. tassalli dene w41a, 

kbatir-nawaz. 
■Comfortless, a. be-cbara, be-kliushi, 

be-cbain. 
Comical, a. maskbara, tbattbe-baz, 

zarif. 
Coming, n. and, amad, pabuncli, 

rasid. 
Coming, a, dta, dinda, age, posb. 
Command, n. bukm, farman, irsbad, 

hukiimat. 
Command, v. bukm k., farmana, 

hukiimat k. 
Commander, n. hakim, salar, sardar. 
Commandment, n. bukm, fannan. 
Commemorable, a, yadgar, maslihiix; 
Commemorate, v. yadgari k., taz- 

kir k., ta'rif k., 'urs k. 
Commence, v, shuni k., ag4z k. 
Commencement, n. shurii, i,^^z, ib- 

tida. 
Commend, v, sardhna, tarif k., sifa- 

rish k., supurd k., taslim k. 
Commendable, a, tarif ke Idiq, 

pasandida, mausiif. 
Commendation, n, tarif, madab, sifa- 

risb. 
Commensurable, a. ham-andaz, bari- 
■ bar. 
Comment, w. tafsir, sbarab, hashiya' 

tika, tawil. 






Combination, n, bandish, sazisb, V Commeiil, v. ft^\«kT^A\!feX^m,V^'l^\T\L. 
ittjfdq, mel, dmezish. \ Commeiita.loY,n.\>aX^\x-\v^^\^,^kr^, 



COM 



63 



COM 



Commerce, n. tijarat, saudagari. 
Commercial, a. tijarati, bazari. 
Commiserate, v. rahm k., tars 

khan a. 
Commiseration, n. rahm, shafqat, 

daya. 
Commission, n. sanr.d, amini, farman, 
. farmaish, muhassii-ana, rasdm, 

dastiiri, irtikab. 
Commission, v. sand d., mukhtar k., 

qiidrat d., wakil k. 
Commissioner, n. darogha, mukhtar 

kar. 
Commit, v. hawala k., supurd k., 

bhejna, qaid k., irtikab k. 
Committee, n. majlis, panchayat. 
Commix, v, ek men milana. 
Commodious, a, maqiil, muwafiq. 

nmnasib. 
Commodity, w. jins, mal, sauda, 

chizba'st. 
Commodore, n, jangi jahazon ka 

salar. \ 

Common, a. dm,- raij, mush tank, 

kamina, buhat mashhiir. 
Common, n. maidan, 4ml og. 
Commonly, ad, aksar, barha, besh- 

tar. 
Commonplace, a. raij, chalni;-~r^oo^, 

safina, baiyaz. 
Commons, n, awam, majlis, khana. 
Commonweal, Commonwealth, n. 

jamhiir, intizam-i-dm. 
Commotion, n, hangdma, fisad, hal- 

chali. 
Commune, v. guftgri k., ham-sukhan 

h., bolna. 
Communicate, v. kahna, batlana, 

khabar d. 
Communication, n, izbar, ifsha, itti- 

la, ilaqa, taalluq,- rasta. 
Communicative, a. dshna-mizaj, mu- 

laim, faiyaz. [dini. 

Communion, n. amadraft, uns. ham- 
Community, n. khass-o-am, giihbat. 
Commute^ v, tabdil k.. badal d. 
Compact n. shart, alid, qual-o-qarar. 
Compact, a. thos, sift, kasif, mukh- 

tasar. 
Companion, n, rafiq. sharik. sathi. 
Companjr, n. majlisj tsdia, mihmanon- 
Jtijamdat, svhbat, rifaqat, kothi. 



Comparable, a. muqabil, barabar^ 

mumkinut-tashbih. 
Comparatively, ad, ba-nisbat, rii-ba- 

rii ke muqabil, 
Compare, v. muqdbala k., tashbih d.,, 

milana. 
Comparison, n, muqabala, tashbih, 

misal, nisbat. 
Compart, v. khana-khana k., taqsim 

k., judajuda k. 
Compartment, n. hissa, juda-qata,. 

kamra. 
Compass, n, daur, ghera, ihata, pa- 

huncl), wasat, miqdar. qutbnuma. 
Compass, v. gherna, gird phernd, 

muhasara k., hasil k. 
Compasses, n. parkar. 
Compassion, n, rahm, shafqat, dard- 

mandi, tars. 
Compassionate, a. rahm dil, dard- 

mand. 
Compaternity, n. dharm bap ka nata. 
Compatible, a. laiq, munasib, maqul. 
Compeer, n, hamsar, barabar wala. 
Compel, V, ba-zor karana, zabardas- 

ti se kfirana, majbiir k. 
Compendious, a. mul^htasar, mujmal. 
Compendium, n. ikhtisar, ijmal, khu- 

lasa. [iwaz d. 

Compensate, v. jaza d., talafi k., 
Compensation, n. jaza, talafi, iwaz. 
Compete, v. ham-matlab h. 
Competence, n. Idfayat, faragat, qab- 

liyat. 
Competent, a, qabil, Uiq, kafi. 
Competition, n, muqdbala, muqawa- 

mat, badabadi. 
Competitor, n, harif, muqabil, ham- 
matlab. 
Compilation, n. talif, majmda, kitab. 
Compile, r. talif k., intikhab k., likh- 

nd. 
Compiler, n, muallif, navi-sinda. 
Complacency, n, khushi, dil-jamai, 

razdmaudi. 
Complacent, a, kliush-taba, halim. 
Couiplain, v. ndlish k., farydd k., 

shikdyat k. 
Complainant, n, faryadi, maddai, 

iiaa\\a\\\. 
CompVamt, u. Tv-^v*^, ^^\"^^^, '^^^V 



COM 



64 



CON 



Complaisance, w. muruwat, kluilq. 
Complaisant, a, kbaliq, mulaim, 

sahib-i-murwwat. 
Complete, a. piira, tamdm, kamil, 

samiiclia. 
Complete, v. piira k., tamam k., 

kamil k. [takmil. 

Completion, n. tamami, anjam. 
Complex, a. pech-dar-pecb, pechila, 

murrakkiib. 
Complexion, n. rang-i-chibra, mizaj. 
Compliance, n. razamandi, marzi, 

qabiil. 
Compliant, a. mulaim, halim, banda- 

e-farmdn. 
Complicated, a. pech-dar-pech, pe- 

chida, dusliwar. 
Compliment, n, takallnf, mudarat, 

salam. 
Compliment, v. salam d., mubarak- 

badi k., khushamad k. 
Compline, n. isba, sham ki namaz. 
Complot, n. bandish, gunah men 

sazish. 
Comply, V. razi h., razamand b. 
Component, r. murakkiat banane w. 
Component, n. jiiz, fard. 
Comfort, t\ muwafiq h., mutabiq h., 

bardast k., tasalli d. 
Compose, v. banana, joina, tarkib d., 

tasnif k., likhna, durust k., rafa 

k., taskin d., harf jamana. 
Composed, a. sanjida, mustaqil. 
Composer, n, musannif, naql-band, 

taskin -baklish. 
Composition, n. amezisb, tartib, tas- 
nif, insba, rafa-dafa. 
Compositor, n, barf jamane-wala. 
Composure, ?i. asaisb, itminan, asu- 

dUgi. 
Compound, v. miland, tarkib d., 

amezisb k. 
Compound, n. murakkab, milao, 

tarkib, amezisb. 
Compotation, n, suhbat men ki mai- 

khuri, bazra ki piy«'Ua bazi. 
Compreliend, v, daryaft k., samajhna, 

malum k., muslitamal b. 
Comprehenbion, n, daryaft, samajh, 

falim. 
Compress, v. dabana, nicborna, af- 

shurdagi k. 



Compression, n, dabao, afshurdagi. . ^ 
Comprise, v. ishtimal k., sbamil k., ^ 

mundarij k. 
Comprobate, v. tasdiq k., mutfiq h., 

sabiit d. 
Compromise, v. musalaha k., ham- 

shart h. 
Compulsion, Compulsiveness, ». zor, 

zabardasti, zulm. 
Compunction, n. hasrat, taassuf, 

afsos. 
Compurgation, n, apni liurmat ke 

wasile se diisre ki nek tinat sa- 

bit k. 
Compute, r. ginnd, shumar k. 
Computation, n. muhasaba, ti'dad. 
Comrade, n. rafiq, sathi, yar. 
Concave, a. mujawvvaf, khoklila. 
Conceal, v, chhipana, poshida k., 

makhfi k. 
Concealment, n, chbipao, poshidagi. 
Concede, v, razi h., qabiil k., mana- 

na, de-dalna. 
Conceit, n. khiyal, wahm, khud- 

garasti. 
Conceit, r. tasawwar kama, kliiyal 

karna, qiyas k- 
Conceited, a. khud-pasand, khud- 

bin, magrur. 
Conceivable, a, mumkin-ul-fahm, 

mu tasawwar. • 

Conceive, v, samajhna, daryaft L^ 

bicharna, bamila h., pet rahna. 
Conception, n. liamal, kbiyal, dar- 
yaft, idrak, quwwati-dkhizd. 
Concern, n, muamala, karobar, fikr, 

andesha. 
Concern, v. asar k., dilgir k., alaqi 

r., muta'alliq b., fikr k. 
Concern, Concernment, n. sar-o-kar, 

mu'amala, fikr, dard, dilgiri, za- 

nirat. 
Concerned, a. dilgir, udas, sbarik, 

muta'alliq. 
Con( ' rning, pr. mansnb, muta'alliq, 

babat, haqq, waste, par. 
Concert, n, bandish k., band-o-bast 

k., muqarar k., durust k., maslabat 

kania. 
Concert, v, ittifaq, mel, liam-abangi. 
Concession, n. dena, inayat, qabiil, 

in am, marbamat^ 



CON 



65 



CON 



Conch, n. sankh, kauia. 
Conciliate, v, tasfiya k., milana. 
Conciliation, n, tasfiya, sulah. 
Concinnity, n, liyaqat, munasabat, 

qabiliyat. 
Concinuous, a. mnzniyab, zeb-awar, 

kbiish-nunia^ dilpasand, khatir- 

pazir, niunasib, muwafiq. 
Concise, a, nmkiitasar, mujmal, ko- 

tah. 
Conciseness, w. ikhtisar, kotahi. 
Conclave, n. Riimin firqa ke nasra- 

niyon ke mnjtahidon kimajlis, po- 

shida majlis. 
Conclude, v. tamam k., akhir k., 

qiyas k., maliiin k. 
Conclusion, n, tamam, anjam, nati- 

Conclusive, a. qati, muqarrar, shafi. 
Concoct, V, liazm k., saf k., musaffa 

k., kbaiis k., pakana. pukhta k. 
Concomitant, a. paiwasta, lazim, 

lahiq. 
Concord, n. niilap, muwafaqut, liam- 

ahangi. 
Concourse, n. majma, bhir, izhdiham, 

hujiim. 
Concrete, a. munjamid, basta, ism- 

i-sifat. 
Concubine, n. madkbiila, haram, sa- 

heli, kbawass. 
Concupiscence, n. shahwat, musti, 

nafs, arman. 
Concur, v. muttafiq h., qabiil b., 

ekdil h. 
Concurrence, n, ittifaq. ekdili, qabiil. 
Cou current, a. muttafiq, muwafiq. 
Concussion, n. dhakka, harkat, jiim- 

bisli, bilao. 
Condemn, t\ gunahgar thahrana, fat- 

wa d , ilzam d. 
Condemnation, v. fatwa, saza ka 

hukm. 
Condense^ v. munjamid k., jamanjf. 
Condescend, v, farotani k., tawajjuh 

dena. 
Condign, a. laiq, wajib, munasib. 
Condiment, n. masala, chatni. 
Condition, n, hal, kaifiyat, shart, 

mansab. 
Conditional, a, sharti, jawabi, harf-i- 

shart. 



Condole, v. matampursi k , ghum- 

kbwari k. 
Condolence, n. matampursi, taziyat. 
Condoler, «. matampursi, hamdardi. 
Conduce, -v. mumidd h., madad k., 

taqwiyut d. [hai. 

Conducive, a. muawin, mumidd, sa- 
Conduct, n, suliik, cbalan, tariqa, 

rahnumai. 
Conduct, V. raliniimai k., pabunclui- 

na, sarbarahi k., chalana, chalnd, 

suliik k. 
Conduit, n. nalir, nala, abrcz. 
Cone, n. makhriit, gao-dnni. 
Confabulate, v, be takalluiana, ba- 

ham guft-giik., bakna, gap Lank- 

na. 
Confection, n. mithai, balwa, murab- 

ba. 
Confederacy, n. bandisb, ittifaq, mel, 

ahd-o-paimjin. 
Confederate, w. rafiq, sliarik, satbi. 
Confederate, v. baudisli k., sj'izish 

k., muiibada k. 
Confer, v. guft-gii k., mashwara k., 

khalwatk., muqabala k., nisbat d., 

milana, bakhsbna. 
Conference, ?i. jawab-sawal, mul»aba- 

sa, masbwarat. [nsl. 

Confess, v, iqi*ar k., qabiil k.. b;itla- 
Confessedly, ad. iqrar se, be sliubha, 

be-shnkk, yaqinan. 
Confession, n, iqrar, i'tiraf, qabiil, 

izhar. 
Confide, v, itimad k., itibar k., tawak- 

kul k., bliarosa k. 
Confidence, n, itimad, itibar, itiqad, 

dileri. 
Confident, a. mustaqill, muqarrar, 

gustakb, diler. 
Confidential, a. mabram-i-raz, raz- 

dar, itibar. 
Configure, r. sbakl d., siirat-shakl d. 
Confine, v. qaid k., malibiis k., hadd 

lagan a, rokna. 
Confine, n, sarbadd, badd, ihata. 
Confined, a. qaidi, mahbiis; tang, 

kotab. 
Confinement, n. qaid, giriftari, band, 

babs, zabt. 
Confirm, v. sabit k., yaqin k.^ ta^d.\<\ 



CON 



60 



CON 



Confirmation, w. isbat, dalalat, sabdt. 
Confiscate, v. zabt k.,' qurq k , clihin 

lend. 
Confiscation, n, zabt, qurq. 
Conflagration, n. atish-zadagi, agwdi. 
ConMict, n. larai, jang,'niuqabala. 
Conilucnco, Conflux, n. majma, ani- 

boh, bhir, kasrat. 
Conform, v. qabiilk., ruzi h., nauwii- 

fiq k. 
Conformably, ad. mutabiq, l)amujib,- 

hasb, eksan, laiq. 
Conformity, n, mutabaqat, muwafa- 

qat. 
C onfound, v. milana, makhliit k., 

ghabrana, hainin k. 
Confront, v. muqabila k., riibarii h. 
Confuse, v. ghabrana, liairan k., ul- 

jhana, pareshan k. 
Confused, a. darham-barham, ultd- 

pulti'i. hairan, ghabraya hud. 
Confusion, n. ghabrahat, abtari, ul- 

jliao, hangama. 
Confutation, n. ibtAl, irad, jhutao. 
Confute, n, la-jawab k., qail k., jhut- 

hand. 
Conge, n. kornish, salam, bandagi, 

tazim, tawazo. 
Congeal, r. jamna, munjamid h. 
Congenisvl, a. hnm-jins, hamtaba, 

ekdil, ekrang, munasib. 
Congratulate, v. niubarak-bad kahna, 

tahniyat k. yd d. 
Congratulation, n. mubarak-badi, 

talmiyat. 
Congregation, n. jamaat, jamiyat, 

majlis. 
Congruity, n, muwdfaqat, mundsa- 

bat, shdistagi. 
Congruous, a. muwdfiq, munasib, 

hamwdr. 
Conic, Conical, a. gdodumi, makh- 

riiti, eiirangi. 
Conjectural, a. khiydli, qaydsi. 
Conjecture, n. qiyds, guman, andaza, 

wahn^. 
Conjee-water, w. mdnrh, chdnwal ka 

pdni. 
Conjoint, ad. muttafiq, mushtarik. 
Conjointly, ad. shardkat se, bil-itti- 

faq, milke. 
Conjugal, a. nikahi, byahi, zauji. 



Conjugate, r. mildnd, tasrif k., gar- 
dan nd. 

Conjunction, n. mel, paiwand, wasl, 
qiran, atf, sanjog. 

Conjunctive, a. wasli, shartiya, mu- 



/• 



r< 



zdri*. 



< 'onjuncture, n. ittifdq, naubat, waqt. 
Conjure, v. qasam khiland, iltimas 

k., talab k., jadii k. 
Conjurer, n. jddiigar, afsiingar. 
C(mnascence, n. hamzddagi, ek waqt'| 

men do yd ziydda kd paidd h. 
Connate, n. bi-zdtihi, janami, khilqi. 
Connect, v. jornd, mildnd, paiwand 

k., wasl k. 
Connected, a. paiwasta, muta'alliq. 
Connection, Connexion, n, dldqa, nis- 

bat, paiwand, rishta. 
Connivance, n. cliashm-poshi, igh- 

mdz, gh aflat. 
Connive, v. ighmazk., chaslim-posU 

k., matkand. 
Connoisseur, n. nukta-dan, barik- 

bin, nukta-chin. 
Connote, v. dalalat k., bataland. 
Connubial, a. nikdhi, beyah se mn- 

ta'allaq. 
Connotate, v. daldlat k. 
Connotation, n ddldlat yd natija. 
Conquer, r. fatah k., jitnd, galib h. 
Conqueror, n. fatahmand, gdlib, gar 

zimard. 
Conquest, n, fatah, zafar, taskhir. 
Consanguinity, n. qardbat, nisbat^ 

kheshi, apnd-pan. 
Conscience, n. zamir, dil, iman, an- 

desha. 
Conscientious, a, diydnatdar, khud*- 

tars, Imdnddr. 
Conscious, a. waqif, agdh, khabardar. 
Consciousness, n. wdqiif, dgdhi, kha- 

bar, ittild. 
Conscript, a. navishta, naya sipahi. 
Consecrate, v. niydz k., fida k., 

makhsiis k., sankalp k^ 
Consecration, n, niydz muqaddae, 

nazar [marzi. 

Consent, n. qabiil, razdmandi, ittifdq, 
Consent, v. rdzi, h., qabiil k., mnlr 

tafiq h. 
Consequence, n. natija, muhdsil, mii- 

zaiqa, qadr, wazn, anjdm. 



CON 



67 



CON 



Consequent, a. natija, munta'aqib, 

musJdikliir. 
C Consequently, ad, ba-natija, lihaza, 

laj-aram, zaruratan. 
Consertion, t>. ittisal, paiwand, wasl, 

munasib ya munasib k., muwafiq k. 
Conserve, n. niitbai, murabba, gul- 

sbakar. 
Consider, «. sochna, andesha k., fikr 

k., uiulahazak. 
Considerable, a. bhari, azira, bahut, 

bisyar. 
Considerate, a. hoshyar, diirandesli. 
Consideration, w. liliaz, andesha, 

imtiyaz, jaza, iwaz, bais, matlab. 
Consign, t?. hawala k., tafwiz k., 

de-bhejn4. 
Consignation, h, liawala, tafwiz, 

sqpurdagi. [jins. 

Consignment, n. taslim, tafwiz, mal. 
Consist, V. bona, banana, murakkab 

h., mutabiq h., shamil k. 
Cqusistency, n. mutabaqat, shaistagi, 

munasibat, jamaiyat, qiyam. 
Consistent, n. munasib, mutabiq, 

munjamid. 
Consolation, n, tasalli, tasbin, ta- 

shaffi, dam dilasa, kbatir jamai. 
Consolatory, a. taskin-bakbs, aram- 

bakbsb. 
Console, v. tasalli d., taskin d., 

khatir-jamai k. 
Consolidate, v. sakbt k. ya h., mun- 

jamid k. ya h., basta k. ya h. 
Consonant, w. barf-i-sahili. 
Consonant, a. muwafiq, mutabiq. 
Consort, w. bam-sar, rafiq, joru ya 

kliasam, ham-dam. 
Consort, v, suhbat k., rafiq lu 
Conspicuous, a. zahir, maslihdr. 
Conspirity, n, tauzih, raushni, sliab- 

brit. 
Conspiracy, n, ban dish, sazish. 
Conspirator, n, mufsid, bagh, bad- 

salahi. 
Conspire, v. bandish k., sazish k., 

muttafiq h. 
Consopite, v. sulana, nind-bulana. 
Constancy, ?i. istiqrar, ustuwari, 

^paedari, wafadari. 
Constant, a. ustuwar, mustaqim, 

sabit qadam, wafad^r. 



Constantly, ad, hardam, barqarar, 

hamesha. 
Constellation, n, burjkaukub, ras, 

akhtar. 
Consternation, n. hairat, hairani, 

sargardani, ghabrahat. 
Constipation, n. bastagi, qabza, inqi- 

baz. 
Constituent, n. muwakkil, asl. 
Constituent, a. asli, zati, khilqi. 
Constitute, v. banand, paida k,, mu- 

qarrar k., thahrana. 
Constitufion, n, mizaj, tabiyat, qa- 

niiu, zabita. 
Constitutional, a, khilqi, zati, asli. 
Constrain, v. ba-zor karana, dabana, 

qaid k., bandlma, atlcana. 
Constraint, n. zabardasti, zor, jabr, 

dabao. 
Construct, v, banana, bina k., tamir 

k., tasnif k. 
Construction, n, banaw, tamir, tar- 

kib, tasnif, mani, mazmiin. 
Construe, v. tarjamd k., bay an k., 

rabt d., taqrir k. 
Consuetude, n. chal, rit, suliik, das- 

tiir. 
Consul, n, naib, wakil, hakun. 
Consult, V. maslahat k., mashwara 

k., salah lena. 
Consultation, n. maslahat, mash- 

warat. 
Consume, v. urna, kharch k., bar- 
bad k., talaf k. 
Consummate, v, tamam k., piira k., 

gh arbar-basai i a, n i bah n a. 
Consummate, a. piini, kamil, balrAt. 
Consunmiation, n. tamami, ikhtam, 

iakliir. 
Consmnption, w. kharch, talaf,, sill, 

ksh£iy-roj, nnfas ud dam. 
^\m tabulate, r. takhta bandi k. 
Contact, n, lagao, ittisal. ilhaq. 
Contauion, n. sirayat, waba, mari; 

phailao. 
Contagious, a. jismen sirayat ki 

khasiyat ho, chhiine se lagjane 

wala. 
Contain, v, shamil k., samdna, tham- 

na, rokna. 
Contaminate, v, aliida k., napak k. 
Contaminatiovi, u. ■a\\jL^^%\,^^^\fv^^. 



CON 



Contemn, v, haqir janna, il^nat k., 

naqas janna. 
Contomper, v. mutadil k., tarkib se 

durust k- 
Contemplate, v. gliur k., ta'amul k., 

tasawwur k. 
("ontemplation, w. gaur, ta'ammul, 

tasawwnr, nuilahaza. 
Contemplative, a. muta'ammil, fikr- 

mand. 
Contemporarj, n. ham-waqt> ham- 

mnr, linm-alid. 
Contempt, n, mazammat, ihanat, 

liiqtinit, kliiiYat. 
Contemptible, a, haqir, khafif, 

khwiir, nachiz. 
Coniemptuou?^, a, bc-adab, giistakh. 
Contend, v, jlmga n:i. munatiashak., 

ham-chaslimi k., larna. 
Content^ a. razi, khusli, shad, asuda. 
Content, v. razi k., khubh k. 
C ontention. Contest, n, jhagni. 

muna-qasha, qaziya, mubA hasa, 

ham-cliashmi, ham-sari. 
Contentment, n, razamandi, khush- 

nikh'. 
Contents, n. raazmiin, fihrist, ganji- 

d.'i, nnitlah. 
Cont '.4t, V. takrar k., mnbahasa k., 

jndnl k., larai k. 
Context, //. niatn. qarina, ibarat. 
Contiguity, w. qurl>, nazdiki. 
^'ohtigu ous. a. ])aiwa8t^, muttasil, 

qnrib nj;Z'>Uk. 
Continence, n. parliezgdri, pakdama- 

ni, parsai. 
Continent, a. parhezgar, pakdaman, 

parsa. 
Continent, n, khushki, barr. 
Contingent, a. arizi, ittifaqi. 
Continual, a, dam-badam, mudam, 

daini, l;igatar. 
Continnance, n. paedari, istiqamat, 
, jnudtiwamat. 
Continuation, n. mudawamat, bar- 

hao, imtidad. 
Continue, v. ralma, barpa h., tham- 

na. bahal rahna, jarirakhna. 
Continuity, n. ilhaq, paiwand, mu- 
dawamat. paedari. 
Contort, V. ninthnL marornji, umith- 



68 CON 

Contortion, n, pech, marora, pechisL 
Contour, n. sliakl, naqsha, daul. 
Contraband, a. niana, mamniia. 
Contract, n. qaul, ahd-o-paiman, 

band-o-bast, thika. 
Contract, v. ainthna, akrana,kashidi 

k., ikhtisar, k., mukhtasar k., 

abd-i-nikah k.. ahd-o-paiman L. 

milna, lena. 
Contraction, n. simtao, ikhtisar, 

tarqim, hazf. 
Contractor, n. mustajir, thikedar. 
Contradict, v. bar-aks kahna, zidd 

k., bar-khilaf kalina. 
Contradiction, n. zidd, khilaf, radd- 

i-kahun. 
Contradictory, a. mukhalif, na-mu- 

tabiq. 
Con tratlis tine tion, n. mnkhalafat, 

ikhtilaf. 
Contra«listinguiRh, v. mnkhtalif k., 

au8af-se farq tamiz ya mariif k. 
Contrariety, n. muklialafat, ikhtilaf, 

zi«ld. [aks. 

Contrary, a, mukhalif, khilaf, bar- 
Contrast, n. muqabala, ikhtilaf. 
Contrast, v. muqabala k., samna k. 
Contravene, v. muzahim k., rokna, 

maliriim rahna. 
Contravention, n. mnkhalafat, mu- 

zahamat. 
Contribute, v, den a, khiraj d., ma- 
dad k., bakhshna. 
Contribution, n, khiraj, chanda, 

bakhsliish, inam. 
Contrite, a. pasheman, dil-shikasta, 

muta'rtssif, nadim. 
Contrition, w. ndd^m»it, tauba, taas- 

suf, pachhtawa. 
Contrivance, n. tadbir, hikmat, ijad, 

ban dish. 
Contrive, v. tadbir bandhna, hikmat 

k., ijad k., bandish k. 
Control, w. hukumat, zabt, rok, 

ikhtiyar, qabu, muqabala. 
Control, V. rokna, mahkum k., mu- 

qabaU k. 
Controller, n, amin, nazir, darogha. 
Controversy, n. hujjat, mubahasa, 

radd-badal. 



CON 

ControTertible, a. 

mashkuk. 
Conium;tciou3, a. be-adab, 
I'oniuiQacy, n. be-adiilii. 
Con tame Ions, a. bad-ZHbi 

nam. 
Gontumelj, n. bad-zabai 



ziry naqih. ^ 
w. jauiak^Wi*' 




Contusion, n. chot, ki 

. kar. 
Contuse, v. kuchnlnit. kucli^Ti^illtiR,. 
Convalescence,^, ifiiqat. 
Convalescent, a. tib^l 

iram'-paziry naqih '■ 
Convene, 

thik. 

Convenient, a. Xai^.Wfifi), 

Convention, n, niajtls,- JBtniyiit, uliil- 

o-paiinan. 
Coiivergn, r, eklii markaz ko mail 

h., ek siiiitko mail l<-, hum mar- 

knz h., milna. 
Conversant, a, waqif, ilgjih, azmiida- 

k;lr, pakka. 
Conversation, n, giiftgu, bat-chit, 
■ jawab-sawal. 
Converse, n. gnftgti, kliilaf, mn- 

khalafat. 
Converse, v. gnftgii k., bdtchit k., 

bateQ k. 
Conversion, n. inqiliib, tnbdil, taqaU 

lub. 
Convert, «. nan mnrid, mntaqid. 
Convert, v. badal'dalnu, du^re'diu 

meQ lana. 
Convertible, a. in .'lab pozir, mum- 
kin -i-tabdil. 
Convex, a. qtibi^.- 
Convcy, r. le-clu',] 

taslini k. 
Conveyance, a. If 

kab, sawiri, ' ji 
Convict, n. qani!, 

gar. 
Convict, V. gnnahi 

n^h-sabit k. 
■Conviction, n. jl?' 

ti, ta.vaqqun 
Convicinity, n q' 

diwiri. 
Vonrince, v. i ;, 
\waTk. 



r. gnmbaz-dar. 
, le-jaiiil, Iiibak., 

:ii, iiitiqal, mar- 
. tnslim. 
liandima, gunah- 

if thahrana, gu- 

taqsir-ki aabd- 

^at, qnrb, ham- 

i- ilzam d., ba^ 



COP 

jnvincingly, ad. ba-tanr-i-llaam, 
be-sliakk, yaqinan. 

Convivial, a. khnsb-o-kUurram, ham- 
sit arab. 

Convocation, n. majlia-i-din, bulawa, 
talab, sabha. 

Convoke, v. buUna, talab k., dawat k. 

Convolve, v. bahani, lapetna. 

Convolution, n, lapet, lipaf, ainth. 

Convoy, n. badriqa, faifazat-ka pal- 
tanya juhaz. 

Convulse, t>. akrana, ain^hana, ma- 
rorna. 

Convnlsion, n. lunth, maror, hanga- 

Coiiy, s. kJiargosh, sdda-lauh yi 

alimaq. 
Coo, V. kilkii k. 
Cook, r. pakana, rindhna. 
I'ook, n. bawarchi, rnsuiyji. 
Cook-room, n. bawiirchi khana. 
Cool, a. thand;i, sard, sayadar, be- 

parwa. [na. 

Cool, V. tbanda k., asnda k.. thambh- 
Coolly, ad. aliiste, ta'arnmul-se, tad- 

bir-se, bpghussa. 
Coolness, n, sardi, thand, kara- 

lawajjuh, be-muhabbati. 
Cooly, n. qnly, mazdur. 
Coop, n, dnrba, pipa, pinjra. 
Cooler, n. pipa-par. 
Co-operate, v. bd-ham kam >■„ mnt- 

Co-operation, n. baham-sazkari, itti- 

faq, mel. 
Co-ordinate, «. kam-qadr, batn-mar- 

Co-partner, n. sharik, saibi, 
Co-]iai'tnerslii|>, u. sliaiakat. 
Cope. V. ba-iiiniri k-, hamaari k., 

~ am-cbaehnil k, 
C'ping, n. niunrer, trij. 

a. kasir, wafir, babut. 
Copper, n. tanba, mis. ^^ 

Copjiiqe, Copse, «. jimgaljhari.,'" 
Copulate, II. milna, jorndfwflSlaha- 

rat k, 
Copulalioii, n. jima, mnbasharat, 

ranjamaat. 
Copwiiti^e, a. ^%'6\\,V^A-v%.^^.. 



COR : 

Copy, v. naql k., iitarna. 
iopyhold, n. patta, sanacl, muqabil. 
Coquette, n. nakhre-baz aurat, ish- 

wa-gar, kirishma-baz, naznin, naz- 

pardaz aurat. 
Coquetry, n. naz, nakhra, asliwa- 

garit 
Coral, n. miinga, marjan. 
Corant, n. ek qisra. ka uach. 
Corban, u, bliikJi rakhne ki tokri, 

khairat, bakhshish. 
Cord, n. rassa, dor, dori, tanab. 
Cord, V. rassiyon se bandhna. 
Cordial, a. muqawwi, quwwat- 

bakhsh, dilkusha, sachcha. 
Cordial, n. jawarish, dawa-muqawwi, 

jan-kusha. 
Cordiality, n. sachchai, muhabbat. 
Core, w. dariina, andao*, dil. 
Coriaceous, a. chamre ka, chamer 

sa. 
Coriander, n. kothniir, dhauiya kd 

per, kishniz. 
Cork, n. dhattka, gatta. 
Corkscrew, 7i, pech-kash, dhatta- 

pench. 
Cormoraut, w. mahi-khwar parand, 

chiiha-mar-parand, chilh. 
Corn, w. anaj, ghalla, zira'at; gokhrd, 

abela-i-pa. 
Com, V. namak-malna dana-dana-k. 
Cornelian, n, aqiq, yamani. 
Cx)rner, n, koiia, gosha, kunj. 
Cornice, w. kangni, kagar, qamas, 

kanis. 
Comich, w. sing. 
Corollary, n. natija, liasil. 
Coronation, 7i. juliis, tika. 
Coronet, n. qism-i-taj. 
Corpora], n, nayak. 
Corporal, a. jismani, badani. 
Corporate, a. muttafiq, kulliya, ek- 

dil. 
Corporation, n. majlis, ijlas-i-anim. 
Corps, n. paltan, risala, gurrob. 
Corpse, n. murda, lash. 
Corpulence, w. motapa, tanawari, 

jasamat. 
Corpulent, a, mota, tanawar, jasim- 
Corradiation, n. kirnon ya partauon 
Jed ek Diarkazmen milaw. 
Correct, a. thik, durust, sahih. 



■\ 



COS 



Oprrect, v, thik k., tambih k., tadib 

k,, islah d. 
Correction, n, tashih, islah, tambih, 

t^dib. 
Corrective, a. sihhat rasan, durust- 

sazV, 
Correctly, ad, thik, diirust. 
Correctness, n. sihhat, tahqiq, dii- 

rusti. 
Correlate, ,w. bari nishast, lazim mal- 

zunj. 
Correlative, a. nisbat-daj, hani-nis- 

bat, lazim-malziiui. 
Correspond, v, muwafiq h., muqabil 

h., khat kitabat r. 
Correspondence, n. niuwafaqat, khat- 

^hatiit, murasla, rah-rasra. 
Correspondentj a, muwafiq, mutabiq. 
Correspondent, n. ashna, arhatiya, 

alaqa-dar. 
Corridor, n. matan ke gird ek ba- 

ranida. 
Corrival, n, hanisar, raqib. 
Corroborate, v. mustahkam k., tas- 

diq ki, tayid d., taqwiyat k., ustu- 

war k. 
Corroboration, n. ti-id, taqwiqat, 

ustuwari. 
Corrode, v. khaj^ia, khana, katua. 
Corrosive, a. galaii, burinda. 
Corrugate, v. jh^iriyana, sikorna. 
Corrupt, V. saran^, biga:na, galiina^ 

kharab k., riswat d. 
Corrupt, a. saf a, bigra, fasid, kha- 
rab, rishwat-khor. 
Corrupter, n. mjjfsid, aliida-gar. 
Corruptible, a. fana-pazir, rishwat- 

pazir, sarne-wdla. 
Corruption, n. saran, pib, rim, fasad, 

aliidgi, rishwat-khori, bad-zati. 
Corsair,; Wr daryii ^akii, dakai^ija- 

haz. j^ 

Corselet, n. chapras, chandar, jo- 
sh an. ^ 
Corsned, n. luqma-i-laaat. 
Coruscation, w. chamak, lauka, da- 
rn ak. 
Cosmetic, n, ghaza, husn-numa, 

ubtan. 
Cosmical, a. dunyavi, jahani. 
CobI, n. <\\m»ebt, b^\v2k,, kj\«^^€i\, wuq-* 

san. 



cou 



71 



COW 



Costive, a. miinqabiz, bandha. 
Costly, a. qimati, besh qimati. 
Costume, n, lib4s, kapre. 
Cot, n. khat, charpai, jhonpra. 
Contemporary, n. ham-asr, ham-zad, 

liani-alid. 
Cottage, n. jhompra, marhi. 
Cotton, n, qutn, riii, pumba ; — tree, 

kapas. 
. Couch, n, palang, khat. 
Conch, f. letna, pama, dabak-rahna. 
(Jougli, n. kliansi^ dhans. 
Cough, V, khansna, dhansnd. 
Con chant, w. gurba nishast, ukrii 

baitha hda. 
Council, w. majlis, diwan, sadr. 
Counsel, n. nasihat, maslahat, pand. 
Counsel, v. nasihat d., maslahat d., 

mashwarat d., sikhlana. 
Counsellor, w. mushir, nasihat dene- 

wala, ahl-i-diwan, wakil. 
Count, 17. ginna, shumar k., hisab k* 
Countenance, ». chihra, ni, nninh, 

waza, daul, tawajjuh, shafaqat. 
Countenance, r. milirbani k., qadr- 

dani k., asni d. 
Counter, ad, bar-khilaf, bar-aks. 
Counteract, r. bar-khilaf k., niuzii- 

hamat k., k^tna. 
Counterbalance^ v. ham-wazn k., 

pasang k. 
Counterfeit, a. jhiitha, taqlidi,tagal- 

lubi, jiil, khota. 
Oounterfeity v. naql k., tagallub k., 

jal k., baliana k., khota k. 
Oountermxmd, v. hukm radd k.^ pa- 

lat d., mansdkh k. 
Counterpane, w. palang-posh, lihaf. 
Countersign, v, dast-khatt k. 
Countess, n. khd,nam, begam. 
Counting-house, n. daftar-khana. 
Countless, a. be-shumar, be-hisab. 
Country, n. mulk, watan, des, mu- 

fassal, dihat. 
Countryman, n. dihqani, ganwar, 

ham- watan, bhai. 
County, n. zilla, chakla. 
Couple, n, do, jora, juft, khasam-o- 

jord. 
Couplet, n. bait, doJia. 
Conrage, n. dileri, jawanmardi, ba- 
bddnriy himmat 



Courageus, a. diler, jawanmard, ba- 
hadur, himmati. 

Conrant, v, chusti-o-chalaki ka ek 
nach. 

Courier, n, qasid, harkara, namali- 

bar. 
Course, n. daur, mdidan, rah, rasta, 

chalan, chal, sarishta, usliib, tariq; 

(of course,) albatta, be shakk. 
Courser, n. bad-pa, samand, tausan. 
Court, n, daulat-khana, darbar, ada- 

lat, salm, <*ingan. 
Court, V. nawazish k., ishq-bazi k., 

mangni k., darkhwast k., i&hq k., 

mol-lena. khush^mad k. 
Court-breeding, v, darbar' ya adalat 

men talim. 
Courteous, Courtly, a. muaddab, 

khush-akhlaq, nek-nihad, zahar 

dar. 
Courteously, ad, akhlaq-se. 
Courtezan, n, kasbi, rnndi. 
Courtesy, w. adab, akhlaq, muraw- 

wat, tazim. 
Courtier, n. darb^ri, huziiri. 
Courtship, n. naz-o-nivjiz, ishqbazi. 
Cousin, n, amma ya khj'ila zid ya 

z4di, chacherd. bhai-ya-bahn. 
Cove, n. khari, clihota ndla. 
Covenant, n. ahd, shart, iqrar, qaui, 

ahd-ndma. 
Cover, V. chhAna, dhanpna, sarposh 

rakhna, orhana, chhipdna, poshidd 

k., panah d., mahfiiz rakhnji. 
Cover, n, sarposh, panah, dafti, lifdfa. 
Covering, n. poshish, libas, gilaf. 
Coverlet, n. razai, i»alang-posh. 
Covert, n, pandh-gdh, jhari. 
Covert, a. khufiya, pin ban. 
Covert, V, tama k.,' lalach k., hirs k. 
Covetous, a. tami, haris, lalchi. 
Covetousness, n. tama, hirs, lalacli. 
Covey, n. jhol, jhund, ya ghol 

par an don kd. 
Covin, n. farcbi-qual-o-qarar, fareb 

ka ahd-o-paiman. 
Cow, n, gae, gorii, gao. 
Coward, n, buzdil, nimai'd, shutur- 

dil, bh agora. 



CRA 



72 



CRE 



Cow-liouse, 71. gosdld, gao-kliana. 
Coxcomb, n. taj-i-kliunis, kliudbin, 

banka, tirchlia cliliela. 
Coy, a. sharinila, mahjiib. 
Coyness, w. sharm, bijab. 
Coz, n, cbacbera, mamera yamausera 

bliai ya baliin. 
Ooz'^n, f. daga k., fareb d., tliagna. 
Cozener, n, tbag, clihali, kapati. 
Crab, n. kekra, jangali seb, burj-i- 

sartan. 
Crabbed, a. duruslit, tursh-ni, mush- 

kil, sakbt, bad-kbat. 
Craber, n. pani ka chub a. 
Crack, n, darz, shigaf, karak, cha- 

taka, lafzani. 
Crack, v, cbatkana, phatkarna, sbi- 

gaf k., pbatna, tarakna. 
Cracker, n, pataka, atasbbazi. 
Crackle, v, cbatakua, cbercbarana. 
Cradle, n. pinjra, palna, bindola. 
Craft, n. pesba, birfa, kasb, bila, fa- 
reb, dnga, syan-pan. 
Craftsman, n. karigar, abl-i-pesha. 
Crafty, a. bila-baz, siyana, aiyar, 

fitrati. 
Crag, w. karara, arara, band. 
Craggy, a, kbarkhara, uncha-nicLa 

nd-hamwar, nasbeb-o-faiaz. 
Cram, v. tbasna, kbonclina. 

dhas ya gbus jana, nigalna. 
Crambo, n, c[afiya-bazi, qafya. 
Oamp, n. akar-bai, bai; kila. 
Cramp, v), akar-jana, atkana, rokna. 
Crane, n. saras, kiilang. 
Cranium, n. kbopra, ya khopri jdn- 

war ki. [laiq. 

Crank, q,, mazbiit, diler, ulatjane ke 
Cranny, w. darar, sbigaf. 
Crants, n. pliiil \i mala jo ek an- 

bya bi Idrki ke janaze ke age age 

log lejate bain aur uski qabr ke 

lipar latka dete bain. 
Crape, n. kapar-dliiil (ka'a). 
Crasb, n, dli-a-aka, kharkbarahat. 
Crash, r. torna, ku^-h.dna. 
Crass, a, motn, dabiz, gunjan. 
Cratch, n. sukhi gbas rakbne ka 

niacban. 
Craper, n. jwala-mnkh ka daliana. 
Craanch, t;, chabnL cliabAna, cha- 
Jbdddlnd. 



Cravat, n. gulii-band. 

Crave, w. minnat k., darkhwAst L 

Craving, n. na-muqiil kbwabish, gair' 

wa,ib bawas. 
Craven, Cravent, Cravant, n. biii 

dila, namard. 
Crawfish, n. jhinga machli. 
Crawl, r. riogna, kbisakna. 
Crayon, n. naqsh khinchne-ki (k 

qalam. 
Crazy, a. shikasta, zaif, Lawtl* 

biikhla, diwana. 
Creak, v. chirchirana, machmacha 
Cream, 71, malai, zubila. 
Crease, n. cliin, shikan chunnat. 
Create, v. banana, paida k. 
Creation, w. paidaisli, afrinish, khil- 

qat, makhliiqat, dnniya. 
Creator, n. kbaliq, afrinanda. 
Creature, n. makliluq, janwar, hai- 

wan, parwarda, banda. 
Credence, n, bawar, i'tiba»', yaqin. 
Credentials, n. sanad, dastawcz. 
Credible, a, muatabari, maqiiliyat. 
Credit, n. itiqad, bawar, hurmal^i 

nek-nami, udhar, mujra. 
Credit, v, ittibar k., itiqad k., bawat" 

k., ndbar d., qarz d. 
Creditable, a. muatabar, namwar- 
Creditor, w. qarz-khwab, byoliariyi 
Credulity, n, ziid-itiqadi, sari-ul- 

itiqadi,, sadadili. 
Creditrix, n. qaiz dene wall anrat. 
Credulous, a, zu<l-itiqad, sari-n)- 

itiqad, sadadil, bbola. = 

Creed, n, din ke mujmil aqaid, ma^ 

hab. 
Creek, n, kol, khari, khalij, n41a. 
Creep, v, rengna, ahiste jana, pbail- 

na, ugna, chap-iiisi k. 
Creeper, w. bel, lata, kira, kirm. 
Cremation, v. sbzisli, jalan. 
Crepusculine, ) 1 /. , 
Crepusculous, | ^- ^^""^"^ ^^^z. 
Crescent, 7i. bilal, naya-chand. 
Cress, n. halim, tara-tezak, chansur. 
Crest, n. taj, tagma. 
Crested, a kalgi-dar, tagmadar. 
Crestfallen, a. na-ummed, dil-sLi- 

kasta, dil-tang. 
Crevice, u. ^•^t'l, «\\\^ivi, ^\\x^>J&Jcl. 



ORO 



73 



CHY 



Crewel, v. slit jo batte par bata liowe. 
Crib, n. nand, than, chhota palaug, 

jhonpra. 
Cricket, n. jhingiir, ghurgura.^ goe- 

bazi, ek qism ka kliel. 
Crier, n. dhandlioriya, iiQannadi. 
Crime, n. taqsir, gunab, junn, qaba- 

hat, qusiir. 
Criminal, n. taqsirwar, giinahgar, 

mujrim. 
Crirflinal, a. kliarab, may lib, fanjda- 

ri. 
Criminal court, «. adalat-i-faujdari. 
Criminate, v. jurm lagana, gunab* 

gar tharana. | 

Crimson, n, qirmizi, argbuwani, 

surkb. 
Cringe, V* cbaplosi k., kbusb^imad k. 
Cripple, n, langra, liila, lang. 
Cripple, V, langrana. 
Crisis, n. kamal, ain waqt, saat. 
Crisp, a. aintba hua, kurkura, chur- 

chura, tez, cbalak. 
Criterion, n, alamat, nisban-i-tab- 

Critic, n, nr.kta dan, nukta-cbin, 

harf-gir, aib-jo. 
Critical, a. sabib, tbik, barik. 
Criticise, n, nukta sbinasi k., barf- 

giri k., kburda-biyi k. 
Criticism, w. nukta-cbini, barf-giri, 

aib goi. 
Croak, v. mendak-ki awaz k. 
Crockery, n, sit'al, sifalina, cbini-kc 

bar tan. 
Crocodile, n. magar, gbaryal, nibang. 
Crocus, 71. zdfaran, ek qism-ka pila 

pbiil. 
Crone, n, biirbi bberi, burbiia aurat. 
Crony, n. langotiya-yar, rafiq. 
Crook, n. kbam-dar, kbam, pecb, 

hila, fareb. 
Crook, V, kbamdar k., tberba k. 
Crooked, a. tircbba, kaj, kbam-djir. 
Crookedness, n. terbai, kaji, kbami. 
Crop, n. fasl, paida-war. gballa. 
Crop, V, ebbantna. katna. 
Cross, V. ara rakbna, yd lagana, 

mitana, par k. 
Cross, 71. salib, dzar, tasdia, salip, 

suli. 
Cross, a. ard, tirchba, ter ha, magra. 



Cross-bow, 7?. gul^la, kaman. • 
Cross-road, n, chau-raba. • 
Crotch, n, ankri, kantd. . 
Crouch, V, dabakna, jhukna, paon • 

parna. 
Crow, 71. kauwd, kag. 
Crow, V. bang d., shekbi mama. 
Crowd, n, bbir, am bob, jamaat. 
Crowd, V. bbirbbar k., jama k., 

ya b. 
Crowded, v. bbara, piira. gbana. 
Crown, n. taj-i-sbabi, hukiimat, sib- 

ra, cbandi-ka-ek sikka. 
Crown, V. tajsbabi rakbna, hurmat 

d., araivsb k.. ronaq d. 
Crowned, a. taj-dar. 
Ci'ucible, n. kotbali, gbariya, kulbiya. 
Crucify, v, siili d., salib d. 
Crude, a. kacbclia, kliam, be-tartib. 
Crudity, n. kacbcbai, kbami, be-tar- 

tibi. 
Cruel, a. be-dard, be-rabm, sang-dil. 
Cruelty, n, be-dardi, be-rahmi, sang- 

diJi. 
Cruet, 71. sirkd-dan, sirlca ya tel-ki 

shishi, ya botal. 
Cruise, v. jahaz cbalana, safr-i-dar- 

ya k. 
Crum, n. reza, zarra. 
Crumb, n, tukra, rcza, guda. 
Crumble, v. cbura k., ya b., tukra 

tukra h. 
Crumple, v. marorna, sbikan d. 
Crupper, 7i. dumcbi, kaial-i-usp. 
Crusade, 7i. jib ad, k^ctfiron ya be- 

dinon par larai. 
Cruse, t\ piyali, chhota piyala ya 

jam. 
Crush, V. kuchalna, masalna, mngb- 

liibk. ^ ^ . 
Crust, n. cbbilka, papra, papri, fost. 
Crutch, n. latbi, baisakbi, pliawri, 

asa. 
Cry, r. pukarnd, cbillana, rona, giii- 

ya k., ishtihar k. 
Cry, n. pukar, hank, nara, boli, 

awaz, nala, zari, wawaila. 
Crypt, V, khuiiya-ghar, tab -khan a. 
Crystal, n, billaur, kachcba Ijira, 

qalam . 



CUR 



74 



CUT 



Cub, w. bachcha, pUla. 

I'Ub, V. band k., atkana, mnndna. 

Cube, n. kab, sliash-pdilii, jazr. 

Cubit, n, hath bhar, dast. 

('uckoo, n, koel, kokila. 

Cucumber, n, khira, kakri. 

Cud, 71. jugali. 

Cuddle, V, god men sona, lepatna, 

baghalgir h. 
Cudgel, n, lath, lathi, sonta. 
Cudgel, V. lathiyand, pitna. 
Cue, n. dum, ishara, punch. 
Cuff, 71. taniancha, dhaul, thappar. 

as tin ki muhri, kos. 
Cuirass, n, bakhtar, jaushan. 
Culinary, a. matbakhi, tabbakhi. 
Cull, V. eliunna, intikhab k. 
Cullion, n. badzat, shohda, paji. 
Culpable, a, mulzim, mujrim, taqsir- 

war. 
Culprit, n. gun ah -gar, taqsirwar. 
Cultivate, v, ziraatk., jotna, durust 

k., arasta k., tarbiyat d. 
Cultivation, ) w. ziraat, jotai, tarbi- 
f'ulture, J . yat, arastagi. 
Cuitivator, w. kisan, kasht-kar. 
Culver, n, jangli kabiitar. 
Cumber, v. bhari k., phasana, ul- 

jhana, ladna. 
Cumbersome, a. bhari, ranj-dwar, 

nagwar, taklif-doh. 
Cumin, n. zira. 
(Running, a, siyana, makkar, hila- 

baz, hikmati. 
Cunning, Cunningness, n. hikmat, 

fitrat, dani, felsufi. 
Cup, n. piyiila, jam, kasa. 
Cupboard, 71. basan rakhneki almari. 
Cupidity, n, shahwat; hawa-o-hawas, 

hirs. 
Cupola, n, gumbaz, qubba. 
Cupping-glass, «. shisha-i-hajamat, 

saingi. 
Cur, n, kutta, lendi, jhagraM. 
Curable, a, chara-pazir, ilaj-pazir 

qabil-i-shifa. 
Curate, w. khjidim, padri ka nayab. 
Curb, n. zanjir, kari. 
Curb, V. rokna, tharana, muzahamat, 

k., ghemd. 
Curd, n. dahi, chhena, dogh. 
Curdle, ?'. dahi jammi, munjamid k. 



Cure, n. ilaj, chara, shifa, sihhat' 

aram. 
Cure, V, changd k., shifa d., chara 

d., aram k., achcha k. 
Cured, a. shifa yafta, bhala-changa, 

nimkin. 
Curiosity, n, raz-joi, tajassus, shauq, 

tub fa, saugat. 
Curious, a. raz-jo, khoji, ajib, nadir, 

nazuk. 
Curl, w. zulf, kakul, lahar, shaian, 

marghula. 
Curl, v. bal d., m aroma, bandhna. 
Curly, «. zulf-dar, pechila. 
Currant, n, khushk angiir. 
Currency, n. chalan, chal, rawaj, 

sikka. 
Current, a. raij, chalni, jari, bazari, 

a am, hali. 
Current, ?i. libjari, dliar, raftar. 
Curricle, n. do ghoron ki gari. 
Currier, n. chamar, charm-saz. 
Curry, v, chamra kamana, khurahri 

k., mama, pitnd, khushamad k. 
Currycomb, ». khurahra. 
Curse, V, kosna, sarapna, maldn k., 

lanat d., satana, taklif d. 
Curse, n. bad-dua, lanat, sardp, balai 

wabal. 
Cursory, a, rawarawi, jald, sar-sari. 
Curtail, v, kotah k., ghatdnd, 

chhantna. 
Curtain, n. pardd, masahri. 
Curule, a. gilri ke muta*alliq, amiri ^ 

majlis ke muta'alliq, hakimana. 
Curve, n, kham, terhai, pech. 
Curve, V, kaj k., terha k., lachana. 
Curvet, V, kiidna, uchhalna. 
Cushion, n, gaddi, masnad, takiyd. 
Custody, n. amanat, nigahbani, qaid, 

band. 
Custom, w. dastiir, rasm, rawish 

chal. 
Customary, a. ba-dastur, rasmi, rdij, 

mamiili, chalni, hasb-mamiil. 
Customer, n, kharid-dar. 
Custom-houso, n. sair-chaiiki, mah- 

siil-ghar, kothi permut. 
Customs, n. mahsiil. 
Cut, V. katnd, tarashnd. . 
Cut, n, kat, zakhra, qata, siirat, 

taswir. 



DAM 



75 



CAR 



neous, a. jildi, chamre ya khal 
nisbatdar. 

le, n. patU chamra, jliilli, post. 
lss, n. tega, sbamslier. 
r, n, lobar. 

mrse, w. jeb-katr^ kisa-bur. 
broat, n, rab-zan, qatil. 
T, n, kdtne-wala, qisin-i-jabtiz. 
I, n, daur, qam. 
et, n. bans-ka bacbcba. 
der, n, nal, ponga, belan. 
)al, n. jbanj, manjira, jalajal. 
;, w. durusbt kbo sbakbs, insan 
jbman. 

jss, n. saro, sbamsbad, sanobar. 
n, Qaisar, |)adsbab-i-Rus. 



ngrezi buriif-i-tabajji ka cbau- 
, barf; paiisau kd nisbdn bai. 
v. pucbara d. ya k., tbappar 
ma, cbbinta mama. 
n, cbbita, tukra, qism-i-ma- 
ili. 

le, V. pani-men kbelna, abbazi 
aMdd k., lipna, cbbirakna. 
liick, n, ek clibota abi murgb. 
ter, w. karigar, bosbyar sbakbs. 
, w. ek qism ki cbboti macbbli. 
it, n, ddkii. 
Daddy, n, bap, walid. 
le, w. susti se kam k., abiste 
lam rakbna. 
ock, n, sukba darakbt, 
n, bewaqiif, abmaq. 
er, n. kbanjar, katar. 
le, V. latberna, saundbna. 
, ad. bar-roz, roz-ba-roz, rozina. 
.y, a. maze-dar, nafis, latif. 
iy, n, tubfa. 

, n. sbir-kbana, cbara-gab. 
-maid, n, abiri, goalan, gbosan. 
•, n. giil-i-babar. 
n, gbati, margbzar. 
ince, w. lar-o-pyar,^ bos-o-kinar.. 
, r. bos-o-kinar k., takbir k. 
n, janwar-ki-m4, band, pusbta.. 
V, band bandbna, 
ige, w. nuqsan, ziyan. 
ige, V. BLuqsan k., bigarna^ 
iged, a, bigra, kbarab. 



Damascene, n. alu-bukbara. 

Damask, n. jamdani, 

Dame, w. bibi, begam. 

Damn, v. maWn k., lanat k., gunab- 

gar tbabrana. 
Damnation, w.lanat-i-kbuda, iiqiibat. 
Damnatory, a. Unat-amez. 
Damned, jt}.^;. maliin, lanati, dozakbi. 
Danmify, v. ziyan k., nuqsan pabun- 

cbdnd. 
Damp, a. nam, tdr, gila. 
Damp, n, tari, nami, udasi. 
Damp, v. tari k., afsurda k. 
Damsel, n, do-sbizd'^ nowjawan larki. 
Dance, n. nacb, raqs. 
Dance, v, nacbna, raqs k. 
Dancer, n, nacbne vrala ya ndcbne 

wall. 
Dancing, n, nacb, 
Dander, v. awarab pbirna, baku- 

vad k. 
Dandipart, n, cbbota admi, laikji, 

kbudbin. 
Dandle, v, lar-pyar k., takbir k. 
Dandy, n. albela, cbbaila. 
Danger, n. kbatra, kbauf. 
Dangerless, a. be-kbatra. 
Dangerous, a. kbatar-nak, pur-kba- 

tar, mulilik. 
Dangle, v. latakna, bilagna. 
Dank* a. tar, nam. 
Dank, w. tari, nami. 
Dapper, a. cbalak, tez, s4f, subak- 

daat. 
Dapperling, n. nata, cbbota-qad ka 

admf, bauna. 
Dapple, a. ablaq, do-ranga. 
Dare, v. jurat k., bimmat xak^n4f> 

lalkdma, dbamkanal .. ■' 
Daring, a. diler,. sbiijd. 
Dark, Darksome, a. tarik, andbera, 

posbidd. 
Darken, r. tarik k. 
Darkisb, a. dbumld, dbundla. 
Darkling, a. be-rosbni. 
Darkness, n, tariki, andbera, jabalat. 
Darky, n, babsbi. 
Darling, n, pyara, larla, lakbt-i- 

jigar, babadur. 
Darling, a. mubab-bati, paydra, 
Dam^ V. rafii k., bbar d. 
Darn, w. rafu. 



\'r' 



DEA 



76 



DEC 



Darning, jt?. jo. rafiigari. Dealing, n, kar-o-bar, tijarat, len-jP 

Dart, n. bhala, barchhi, neza. den, alaqa, muamala. ID 

Dart, V. plienkn^, chaldna, marna. Deanibulate, v, tahalnd, phima. |l* 

Dash,?;, patakna, de mama, ghab- Deambulation, w. bah ar tahalna. |l' 

ra d. Deambiilatory, n. tahaln^ ki jag4h. IE 
Dash, n. takkar, dhakkd, lakir, ami- Dear, a. aziz, piyara, kamyab, best- 1 1 

zish. 1 qimat, garan. 



Dastard, w. na-mard, buz-dil, darpok. 
Dastard, a, nd-marda, buz-dila. 
Dastard, v, buzdil k., khauf dikhana, 

dhamkana. 
Date, n, tarikh, din, khajiir, khur- 

ma. 
Date, V, tarikh d., sbiimar k., shu- 

rii h. 
Dative, a. mafdl-bihi. 
Daub, V. legna, potna, lipna, chaplosi 

kania. 
Daughter, n, beti, dukhtar. 
Daughter-in-law, n, zan-i-farzand. 
Daunt, V, darana, dahshat d., dham- 
kana. 
Dauntless, a, be-dar, diler. 
Daw, n. kawwa, kagel. 
Dawdle, v, tazi-i-auqat k., khelna. 
Dawn, n, bhor, subah, fajr. 
Dawn, V. jhilmilana, subah h., din 

nikalna. 
Day, n, din, roz, zamand., zinda^>. 
Day-book, w. roz-namcha, khasra. 
Day -break, n. subah, tarka, saw era. 
Day-by-day, ad, foz-ba-roz. 
Day -light, n, roz-raushan, bam -dad. 
Daysman, n. salis, darmi-yani. 
Day-spring, n. subah, tarka. 
Day-star, n. zuhra, nahid, s^kra. 
Daze, Dazzle, v. ziyada roshni-se- 
nazar ko phemd, tirmirdna, chaun- 
dhiyana. 
Dead, a, miirda, miirdar, bejan. 
Deaden, v. kamzor k., be-hist k., 

be-mazah k. 
Deadly, a, qatil, muhlik. 
Deaf, a. bahra, kar. 
Deafen, r. bahra k., kan phorna. 
Deafness, n. bahrapan. 
Deal, n. qadr, hissa, miqdar. 
Deal, V. bantna, taqsim k., tijarat 

k., (with) saliik k., kar-o-bar k. 
Dealbate, v. siifed k. 
Dealbation, n. dhulai, nikhrai. 
Dealer, n. saudagar, vydpari. 



Dearly, ad. ashiqana, piyai-se. II 

Dearth, n. akal, kdl, qaht, kami. 
Dearticulate, v. alahida. k., jiidi- ll 
jiida k. ll 

Death, n, maut, faut, marg, aja^ I' 

qaza. 
Death ful. a. qatil, muhlik. 
Death -wat eh, n, ek qism ka kiri 
jiski awaz-se log qiyds karte kaift 
ki maut awegi. 
Deaurate, v. sone ka mulamm&k. 
Deave, v. bahra k. yd. h. 
Debar, v, kharij k., baz-rakhn^ 

mahriim k. 
Debase, v. be-abni k., zalil k., 

haqir k. 
Debasement, n. be-d,briii. 
Debate, n. bahs, mubaliisa, mu* 

nazard. 
Debate, v. bahs k., mubahisa k. 
Debateful, a. jhagrd;lii, tante wdld. 
Debatement, n, ghaur, mubahisa tak- 

rar. 
Debauch, w. be-itidali, bad-masti, 

zinah-kari. 
Debauch, v, zinah-ka.ri k,, be-iti- 
dali k. 
Debauched, a. zinah-kar. 
Debauchee, n. matwa.ld,, luchchd, 

shuhdd;. 
Debauchery, w. zinah-kaji, fisq, ta- 

mdishbini, sarkashi. 
Debenture, w. ek nawishta jismen 

qarz kd, iqrd-r hotd> hai. 
Debile, a. kamzor, na. tawan. 
Debilitate, v, kamzor k., natwan k., 

zaif k. 
Debilitation, n, kamzori, kahili, 

susti. 
Debility, n. kamzori, nd,twani, i^x^. 
Debonair, a. shdista, ashraf, kha.liq. 
Debt, n. qarz, dain, wdjn, farz. 
Debtor, n. qarzdar, daindd,r. 
Decade, n. dahai, das. 
Decadence, w. zawal, tanazzul. 



DEC 



77 



DED 



Decalogue, n, khuda-ke das hukm. 
Decamp, v, kiich k., rafu-chakkar h. 
Decant, v, nithdrna, pasand. [na. 
Decapitate, v, gardan marna, sirkat- 
Decay, n, zawal, tanazznl. 
Decay, v, zawal h,, tanazzul h., miir- 

jhana, bosida h. 
Decease, n, maut, faut, rihlat, wafdt, 
• intiqal. 

Decease, v, intiqal k., mama. 
Deceased, o. marhiim, mutwafFa. 
Deceit, ». fareb, makar, daga, bild. 
Deceitful, a, farebi, makkar, daga- 

baz, hila-saz. 
Deceive, v, fareb d., dagd d., dliokha 

d., chbalna. 
December, n. Angrezi sal ka akhiri 

mahina. 
Decency, w. sLaistagi, imtiyaz, adab, 

sbarm. 
Decennial, a, dah-sala, das-barsd. 
Decent, a, shaista, laiq, maqul, mu- 

nasib. 
Deception, n. wahm, fareb, dagaba- 

zi, dbokba, nazarband, bliulawd, 

dar-mad4r, nai-rangi. 
Decern, v, tamiz k., pabchanna, fais- 

l^k. 
Decerpt, a. kata bua, cbhanta liiia. 
Decharm, v. jadii lilat d., ya litarna. 
Decide, v, faisal k., fatwa d., hukm 

d., tbabrand, chuk^na. 
Decided, p, a. muqarrar, qaim, saf. 
Decidedly, adv, yaqinah, albatta. 
Decider, n. niunsif, faisal kame wala, 

bakim. 
Deciduous, a. cbund roza, aarzi. 
Decimal, a. *ashri, aasbariya. 
Decimal-fraction, n, kasin, asharya 

hissa. 
Decimate, v. dasmen se ek lend. 
Decipher, v. zahir k., kholna, tabir, 

• k., batlana, parhna. 
Decision, n, fatwa, hukm, faisla. 
Decisive, a, qati,' shafi, kamil, saf, 

pi5r4. 
Deck, V. arasta k., zeb d., sanwama. 
Deck, n. takhta bandi, manzil 

takhta. 
Decking, n. zebaish, araish, zeb. 
Declaim, v. fasih kalam k., taqrir 

k.^ bayan k. 



Declamation, «. fasih kalam, taqrir. 
Declaration, n, izhar, iqrar, gawa- 

hi, ishtihar, taqrir. 
Declare, v, ishtihar k., ashkara k., 

zahir k., .iqrar k., bolana, farmana. 

Declension, I n, gardan, tanazzul, 

> zawdl kharabi, tas- 

Declination, ) rif, sarf, sighd. 

Decline, v, jhukn^ niail k., dhalna, 

ghatna, zawal h., sarf k., tasar- 

riif k., inkar k. 
Declivity, n. utar, dhdl, nasheb. 
Decoct, V. ubalna, josh k., autana. 
Decoction, n, joshanda, karha. 
Decollate, v. sirkatna, miir katna. 
Decoloration, n. be-rangi. 
Decompose, v, jiidd jiida k., murak- 

kab-ko tafriq k. 
Decorate, v, ardish d., zinat d., sin- 

ghar k. 
Decoration, n. arastagi, araish^ zeb- 

o-zinat. 
Decorous, a. shaista, laiq, miinasib. 
Decorticate, v. ehhilka u tarn a. 
Decorum, n, shaistagi, saliqa, imti- 
yaz, munasbat, ddmiyat. 
Decoy, v, fareb d., wargalana, phus- 

lana. 
Decoy, n, lasa, dhokji, fareb. 
Decrease, v. kam h., ghatna, kam k. 
Decrease, n. kamti, kami, takhfif, 

zawal, nazul. 
Decree, w. infisal, fatwa, hukm, amr, 

a-in, nawishta. 
Decree, v, hukm d., fatwa d., far- 
mana, degree sadar k. 
Decrepit, a. zaif, kamzor, pirfartiit, 

dokrd. 
Decrepitness, n. piri, zaiff. 
Decrepitate, v, ag men parparana 

ya taraknji. 
Decry, v. aib laganji, malamat k., 

badnami d., badnam k., nam r. 
Decrial, n, mazammat, malamat, 

badnami. 
Decricy, n. mazammat karne wala, 

aib lagan e wala. 
Decuple, a. dah-chand, dasgnna. 
Dedentition, w. danton ka girna. 
Dedicate, v. • niyaz k., waqf k., 

makhsiis k., nazr k., mu' aiyauk. 
Dedication, u. xvVjiMZi^ ^^v:i5.. 



DEF 78 

Deduce, v. natija nikalna, liasil ni- 

kalna. 
Deduct, V. wazak., minha k., mujre- 

lenL 
Deduction, n, natija, minliai, batta. 
Deed, n, kam, kar, fial, amal, mu- 

himm, haqiqat, dastawez, qabala, 

sanad. 
Deed of gift, n. liiba-n^mah. 
Deem, v, samajhna, daryaft k., 

qiyas k. 
Deep, a. gajira, amiq, muslikil, da- 

qiq, bhari, garq-db; zarf, galiz. 
Deeply, ad. nihayat, kamil-ana diq- 

qat se. 
Deer, n. hiran, mirg, abii. 
Deface, v. bigarna, kharab k., mis- 
mar k., mita d. 
Defamation, w. ilzam, badnami. 
Defame, r. aib lagana, badnam k., 

ruswa k. 
Defamer, n. aibgo, tulimati, tiifani. 
Dcfatigate, v. thakana. 
Default, n. qusiir, taqsir, kliatd, aib, 

nuqs. 
Defaulted, a. nuqsdar, qusiirwar, aib- 

dar. 
Defeasance, n. mansiiklu 
Defeat, v. sbikast d., hazimat k., 

harana, barbad k. 
Defeat, n. sbikast, hazimat, zakk, 

war. 
Defect, n. aib, qusiir. 
Defection, n, irtidad, bargasLtagi, 

nafarmani, nuqs, aib. 
Defective, a, na-tamam, naqis, ma- 

yiib. 
Defence, n. bifazat, bimayat, pandb, 

uzr, jawab. 
Defenceless, a, be-himayat, be-pa- 

nab, lacbar. 
Defend, v. bimayat k., dastgiri k., 

bacbdna, iqrar k., muazarat k., 

jawab d. 
Defendant, n. asami, mudda-alaihi, 

fariq-sani, [bami. 

Defender, n, himayati, rakb-wala. 
Defensive, a, bachau, muliafizana. 
Defense, n, j awab-i-dawa, uzr, faisal, 

muqabla, fan. 
Defer, v. susti k., deri k., tal d., 

multawi rakhna. 



DEG 



Deference, w. imtiyaz, lihaz, adaby 

mulahaza. 
Defiance, w, dawat-i-jang, hankar, 

talab, hiqarat, khiffat, lalkar. 
Deficient, a. kam, n at am am, kotah. 
Defile, V. aliida k., napak k., maila k. 
Defile, n. sakri gali, kiicba. 
Defilement, n, aliidagi, alaish, nd- 

paki, kbarabi. 
Define, v. hadd bandbna, tarif biyan 

k., wasf k., batland. 
Definite, a, muqarrar, malidiidy mu- 

aiyan, tabqiq. 
Definition, n, tarif, wasf, baydnj 

hadd. 
Definitive, a. qati, muqarrar, zdhur, 

pura. 
Deflagrate, v. ag-lagana, jalan^ 

phiink d. 
Deflect, V, ek tarf h., bad-rah h^ 

jhukna, phirna, munharif h. 
Deflour, v, bikr torna, chira utdmi^ 

kharab k., ronaq lena. 
Deform, v. bad shakl k., be daul k., 

bigarnd. 
Deformed, a. bad shakl, zisht, be- 

daul. 
Deformity, n. bad shakli, zishtiy 

kaji. 
Defraud, v. farcb d., daga d., thagna^ 

chhalna. 
Defray, r. kharch-add k., uthafti, 

dena. 
Deft, a. nafi, chalak, latif. 
Defunct, a. marhiim, murda, magh- 

fiir. 
Defy, V. maid an men bulana, larai 

mangnd, dhamki d., nachiz: sam- 
ajhna. 
Degeneracy, n, nasab-se uftadagi^ 

ibtizal, tanazzul, zillat. 
Degenerate, v, tukhm bad h., kam 

qadr h., ndqis h., ghatj ana- 
Degenerate, a. zalil, kam qadr, na- 

kis, kharab. 
Deglutition, n. nigalna, lilna. 
Degradation, n. maziili, be-hurmatf,. 

zillat. 
Degrade, v, maziil k., be-hurmat k., 

kam qadr k., utarna. 
Degraded, a., be-abru, be-qadr, haqir^ 

kam rutba. 



I 



I 



\^^^ 



DEL 



79 



DEL 



Degraded, a. be-abrii, be-qadr, be- 

izzat, haqir. 
Degree, n, darja, jab, martaba, rut- 

ba qadr, nasab, nasi, andam, an- 

daza. 
Degustation, n, chakhnd, zaiqa. 
Debisce, t?. khulna, wabona, ku- 

sbada k. 
Debort, v, mana k., sabab batla kar 

baz rakhna, dilpbenia. 
Deify, v, kbuda kar manna. 
Deign, v. mutawajjib b., tanazziil k., 

qabiil k., razi b. 
Deism, n. tauhid, be-dant, taswwuf, 

wahdaniyat. 
Deist, n. be-danti, miilbid, Ihiiwabid, 

snfi-mazhab. 
Deject, 1?. udas h. ranj d., gamgin 

k., aznrda k. [dil. 

Dejected, a, udas, dilgir, afsurda 
Dejection, n. dilgiri, ranj, afsurdagi, 

Adasi. 
Delapsp, V, girna, pbisal parna. 
Delapsed, a. girpara, pbisal para biia. 
Delate, v. pahuncliana, sbikayat k., 

lejana. 
Delay, n, deri, tawaqquf, takbir,' 

dirang. 
Delay, v. deri k., takhir k., multawi 

rakbna. 
Dele, V. cbliilna, mitana, dur k., kat- 

na, mabw k. 
Delectation, n. kbiisbi, baebarat, 

masarrat. 
Delegate, n, naib, wakil, peslikar, 

rasiil. 
Delegate, v. bb^jna, raw ana k., lia- 

wiUa k., naib bandna. 
Deleterious, a. muhlik, lialakii, qatil, 

zabr-dar. 
Delf, n, kan, kan-i-sang, cbiai bartan 

ke manind bartan. 
Delibate, v, cbakbnti, cbiisna. 
Deliberate, v. socbna, and^sha k., 

ta'ammul k. 
Deliberate, a. mudabbir, sabib-i-tad- 

bir, diirandesb, bosbyar, sust, 

kabil. 
Deliberately, ad, socb-samajb-kar, 

dida-o-danista. 
Deliberation, n. ta'ammul, andesba, 

tafakkur, gaur, abistagi, susti. 



Delicacy, n, zanq, khusb gawari, na- 

fasat, nazakat. niulaimat, lutf, na- 

zuk badani, jaiuiil. 
Delicate, a, nafis, barik, lazzatdar, 

nazuk, ndznin, kamzor, pakiza. 
Delicately, ad. nazakat se. 
Delicious, a. laziz, maza dar, khusb 

gawar, dil chasp. 
Deligation, w. pntti bandbna, ban- 

disli-i-zakbm "wageraki, 
Deligbt, n, sbadi, kbusbi, kburrami,^ 

kbusbniidi. 
Deligbt, V, khusb k. 
Delighted, a. sbad, kbusb, khurram, 

kbusli niid. 
Delightful, a. dil pasand, dil chasp, 

far ah baksh. 
Delineate, u. naqslia Idiinchna, tas- 

wir khinchna, baynn k. 
Delineation, w. naqsba, sbabih. 
Delinquency, n, jnrm, taqsir. 
Delinquent, n, guuabgar, taqsirwar, 

mujrim. 
Deliquate, v, galana, galna, pighal- 

na. 
Delirious, a, be-hosh, hnzr-go, baz- 

yan-zada. 
Delirium, n, be-hoshi, be-khudi sar- 

sam. 
D«liver, v, supurd k., dakhil k., 

den a azad k., bay an k., kahna, 

taqrir k., j ananri, j unna. 
Deliverance, n, mukhlisi, rihai, ba- 

cliao, tafwiz, azadgi. 
Deliverer n, azad kdr, rihdi bakhsh, 

bach an e wala. 
Delivery, n, khilaj^-i, rihai, dzadi 

taqrir, guftar, taslim, tafwiz . 
Dell, n, wadi, dani, nichjin khandaq. 
Delta, n, yiinani abjad ka harf 

bashakl musallis, zaiuin jo mu- 

sallis Id shakl ] aui se gheri ho. 
Delude, v, fareb d„ bahlana, dhokha 

d., bahkana. 
Deluge, n, tiifan, sail ah. 
Deluge, ?'. dab^na, garq k., sailab 

k. 
Delusion, n, fareb, dhokha, mugha- 

lata. 
Delusive, a. fareb-ppT:, bhuldli, fare- 

bi, dhoka men uAlne vr. 
Delve, V. khodnd, ^orna. 



DEN 80 

Demagogue, n, tnutafanni, fitndgar. 
Demand, n, dawa, talab, kliwaliish. 
Deinaiul, n. dawak., talab k., mang- 

na. 
Demean, v. chalnn-chatlua, waza k., 

haqir k., zalil k. 
Demeanour, n. clialan, waza, rawisli, 

taur, tariq. 
Demerit, n, bad-clial, na-sazawari, 

kliata. 
Demesne, n. zamindari. 
Demigod, n. nim-dewta, dewta ki 

aulad. 
Demise, n, rihlat, wafat, intiqdl, 

. maut. 
Democracy, n. liukiimat-i-jamhiir. 
Demolisli, v, mismar k., dha d., 

dal d., torna. 
Demolition, n. paemali, wirani. 
Demon, n, bhiit, jinn, afrit. 
Demonstrate, n. sabit k., dalil k., 

dalalat k., batliinti. 
Demonstration, n. isbat, dalil. 
Demonstrative, a. burhani, mudallil, 

mnsbit. 
Demoralize, v, akhlaq-bigama, "bad 

akhlaq h. 
Demulcent, v. narm k., mulaim k. 
Demur, v. pas-o-pesh k., shakk k., 

deri k. 
Demure, a. mahjiib, sharmsar. 
Domiireness, n, hijab, sanjidagi. . 
Demurrage, n, rukna,Tukawat, rokai, 

nuqsjin 
Den, n. gar, go]>ha. 
Denary, n. das ka ad ad. 
Dengenerous, a, zalil^ kamina, kha- 

rab, nicli. 
Denial, n. inkar, nafi, radd-i-kalam. 
D(^ni2:rate, v. siyali k., kala k. 
Denizen, a, bashinda, rahne-wala, 

shah art. 
Denominate, v, nam d., batana, 

kahna. 
Denomination, n, nam, ism, laqab. 
Denote, v. batlana, nishan d. 
Denounce, v, bad-nam k., izhar k., 

dosh d. 
Dense, a. kasif, munjamid, garha. 



DEP 



sangm. 



Dental, a. dandani, dant se mut- 
taliiq. 



] Dentifrice, n. man j an, missi. 
Dentist, n, dant ka tabib, dant ki 

hakim. 
Denude, r. khdli k., nanga k. 
Denunciation, n, ishtihar, malamat^ 

tahdid, dhamki. 
Deny, v, inkar k., munkir b., nafi 

k., mukarjand. 
Deodan.i, n. sadqa, niyaz. 
Deoppilate, v. rah saf k., rok diir L 
Deosculation, w. chiimna. 
Depart, v, chale-janji, rawana k., 

rihlat k., kunch k. 
Department, n, uhda, khidmat. 
Departure, w. rawangi, kiich, jani, 

rihlat, Trafat. 
Depasture, v, khana, chama, chara- 

na, chiigdna. 
Depend, v. muta'alliq h., bharosa r. 
Dependance, n, alaqfi, ta'alluq, tabi- 

dari, itimad, bharosa. 
Dependant, n. tabidar, daman-gir. 
Depict, V. taswir khinchna, taqrir 

k., bayan k. 
Deplorable, a. lidas, mdtam-angez, 

kambakht. 
Deplore, v. afsos k., zari k., roni, 

pachhtana. 
Deplume, u. par ukhar lend, be par 

kama. 
Depone, v, girau rakhna, shartlagd- 

na, gawahi dena, shahadat k. 
Deponent, n, gawah, shahid. 
Depopulate, v. wiran k., takht-o- 

taraj k., ujarnd. 
Depopulation, w. wirdni, paemali. 
Department, n, chalan, tariq, raftar. 
Depose, v. shahadat k., tagiyur k., 

mauqiif k., u tarn a. 
Deposit, w. amanat, wadiat, girau. 
Deposit, V. sonpna, supurd k., rakh- 
na. 
Depositary, n, amin, khazanchi. 
Deposition, n, shahadat, gawahi, 

takht se u tarn a. 
Depository, n. jins-khana, kothi. 
Depot, n, zakhira, khazana, makh- 

zan. 
Deprave, v, kharab k., tabdh k., 

burii k. 
Depravity, n. fasad, tabahi, kharabi, 
burai. 



I 
1 

I 

r 

I 



DES 



«1 



DKS 



Deprecate, v. uzr cLahna, uzr kliwa- Descriptive, a. mubaiyan, naql- 

Iii k. kunan, tdrif kame-wala. [k. 

Depreciate, v. qiiaat gliatana, subuk Descry, v, takna, dekh pdna, malum 

k., liiqarat k. [taraj . Desecrate, v, napak k., ^liida k.. 

Depredation, v. liil, garat, taklit-o- palid k. 
Depress, v. dabna, dabana, zer k., ' Desert, n. bayaban, dasht, wadi, 

dil tang k., afsunla k. wirana. 

Depression, n, dabao, pasti, zillat, Desert, a. wiran, sunsan, kliali. 

dil-tangi, udasi. | Desert, n. qadr, liyaqat, sezawari. 

Deprive, v. le-lena, rokna, mabnim Desert, v. tark k., chbor d., chhor- 

k., maziil k. bhagna. 

Depth, n. gaih-rdo, dniaq, darmiyan. j Deserter, n. bhagora, bhaggii. 
Depulsion, n. banka d., nikal d. | Deserve, a. sazawar li., laiq h., uius- 
Depnrate, v. saf k., mail nikalna ya ' tabaqq h. 

katna. ! Desiccate, v. kbiishk k., ratubat 

Deputation, n. wikalat, niyabat.. | pana. 
Depute, v. bliejna, rawana k., naib i Desiderate, v. arz k., muhtdj L., 

bhejna. | kbwdhish r. 

Deputy, n. naib, wakil, gumaslita. Desideratum, n. Desiderata, pi, jis 
Deracinate, r. ukharna, oparna, ! cdiz ki zanirat ho. 

dkhar dalna. Design, w. irada, matlab, mansiiba. 

Derangement, n, betartibi, paresha- \ azm, litrat, bandish, naqsha. 

ni, saiida, diwangi. Designedly, ad. jan-bujli-ke, qas- 

Derelict, v. tark k., chhorna. dan, dida-o-danista. 

Derelict, a. ch bora gay a, tark kiya I Designing, a. rang' araez, farebi, 

gaya. i makkar, mansuba-baz. 

Dereliction, n. tark, cLborbao Desinence, n. ikhtitam, tamami. 

Deride, v. tliattlia k., tamabkhur k., Desirable, a. margiib, dilpasand, dii- 

liansi k. i chasp. 

Derision, n. thattba, tb.atlioli, hansi. i Desire, n. chab, khwahish, arzii, 
Derivation, n. ishiiqaq, istikhraj, ! nuirad. 



bunyad. 
Derive, r. pana, milna, basil k., 

masdar se nikalna, nasab k. 
Derogate, v. ghatiina, be qadr k., 

Iiaqir k. 
Derogation, n, hiqarat, be qadii, 

ruswai. 
Derogatory, a. bad n ami dene-wala, 

kam-qadri karne wala. 
Dervis, n. darvesb ya faqir. jogi. 
Descant, v, taqrir k., bayan k. 
Descant, n. taqrir, bayan, sarod, 

gdna. 
Descend, v. utdrna, nazil h., nikalna. 
Descendant, n, nasi, aulad. 
Descent, n, utar, nazal, nasheb, 

hamla, hiijiim, asl, nasi, nasab. 
Describe, v, bayan k., batlana, taq- 
rir k. 
Description, n, bayan, naql, tarif, 

tansif, sdrat, taur, tarah. 



Desire, v. cliahna, kliwaliish k., 
arzii-mand k., darkhwast k., far- 
man a. 

Desist, V. baz rakhna, dast-bardar 
h., parhez k. 

Desk, n, liidme-ki-mez. 

Desolate, a. ujar, winin, kbiili, be- ' 
chirag, dilgir, udas. 

Desolate, v, ujarna, wiran k., takbt- 
o- taraj k. 

Desolation, n. wirani, kharabi, dil- 
giri, afsurdagi. 

Despair, n. na-ammedi, yas, mayiisi. 

Despair, v. na-ummed li., may lis h. 

Despatch, v. jald rawana k., kisi 
kam ko jald khatam k. 

Desperado, n. be-dard, gussewar, 
khashmnak. 

Desperate, a. na-ummed, may lis, be- 
dard, himati, majunn, diwaua, bc- 
hal, tabah. 



I>eti|>erutior 

guss' 



iia-umodj, iBHyiisi, I 



Duspicablc, V. kuiiitno, zuli), kli^ar. 
lli^siiise, r. liaijir jaun^, liiqArat k., 

tazlil k. 
I)c8|iite, ». adawttt, fustid, ziiid, 

inukliaUfut. 
Pesiwil, V. lat Idiji. 
DiiBiioiul, lui-uiiimfld li., (HI tang li. 
Dyspimili'iicy, fi. iiii-HWiuieJi, uiajii- 

si, ilil-tniipi, 
JJi'siioiiiialion, v. inangiii, lij'iUi ki 

Lat cliit. 
UBBpot, H. batlshah, kltu'l innkbU- 

yjir-bwlBliiili, zalim. 
Dfspotic, a, iiiuBtaqill, makktar-i- 

kull, Edliiii. 
PcspotiBiii, n. tRnalhit, zaim, situm. 
Uespumate, p. plioii chlionu'i, mel 

kii katiiH. 
Deasert, n, iiaijl, mewa, 
Destinalioii, n. niyat, maqsiiil, mar- 

ja, tliikana, 
Dc^itine, v. iiiuqarrar k., muqaUdar 

k., mutuiyaii k. 
BcBtiiiy, n, nasib, tali, qiainat, qaza. 

Destitute, a. Id-char, ajiz, be naira, 

damiatjda, kbali. 
UestmT, f. HCBt k.. niadilru k., 

halakk., ujar d., barbad'k., d^io- 

dalni. 
DcBtriiction, n. lialdkat, wiraiii, pae- 

mail, qatl. 
I^cetructivc, a. miihlik, niiizii'r, muf- 

sid. 
DcBoltory, n. be-rili, be-Bairislitn, 

I e-tartib, earsari. 
. Betacli, t: juda k., alag k. 
J)ctadiiii(.'iit, n. gu\, guroli. 
Detail, n. t.il'nil, miifiiBnal, bayan. 
Detail, V. ijuil'yssal balauii, tafsil k. 
Detain, p. baa-ratbna, atkaua, rok- 

ud. 
Diitect, ». dekli-pana, aakar pans, 

zabir k., faeh k. 
Detection, fi. ^hata-giii, zubiir-i-fa- 

reb izbdr. 
Detention, n. atkao, rokao, qaid. 
Deter, v. dai-ana, rokni, baz-cakhna- 
Dt^tergo, f. badan saf k., ja gbao ki 

aUisb iidr k. yii nikaliia. 



i DEV 

Deteriorate, v. kharib k. 

Deterioravioii, n. abtari, badtari. 
Detenaiunte, a. mujiiyan, niuqai 

tallqlq. 

Determination, n. qasd, istiqial 

fiBa). 
Determine, v. riasd k,, mnqnrrar 

fnisa! k., badd bandbua, cbuk 

niuaiyan k. 
Dctei'iuinud, a. intiBtaqill, sab 

Detest, p. makrilb jdnnii, kardl 

k., nafrat rakbna. 
Deicstable, a. niakruli, karih. 
Detestation, n. Jiafrat, karali 

istikrdh. 
Detbrone, v. ta^bt-par-sc utf 

be taj-o-takbt karnd. 
^ " >. rok-rakhna. 



dlia 



Detonate, 1 tarakua, 
Dttoiiize, / "* cliircbiraiia, ki 

na, karkardnL 
Detort, V. aintbiia, marornd, ult 
Detour, n. ghuniao, ]>hirao, chal 
Deti-act, n. gbatdiid, kani k„ a 

k.,i;bibatk. 
Detraction, -n. gbatao, l^bafif, 

gol, gibat 
Detriment, n. nuqsan, ziyau, kl 

I<.biBarat. 
Detrimeutal, a. nuqsan, kun 

muzirr, mukbilt. 
Detrition, n. ghisao, gbisawat. 
Dptrude, v. niebc dal dcna, nik 

kbiskina. 
Dcturpatc, v. dliida k., ndpal 

kbarab k. 
Deuce, n. do, dtid ; bbdt, sbaita 
Doutoroganiy, n. palde khast 

joni ki bud inorue ke pbir i 

kanid. 
Deuteronomy, ii. Miisa ki A'i 

niuqarrar baviiii 
Devastate, v. wiran k., barbae 

lijar k., kbarab k., paimal k. 
Devastation, n. njdr, paemdli, 

ni. 
Develop, V. kholnd, zabir k., was 
Deviate, v. bbatakna, gumrd! 

chilkna, gundb k. 
Deviation, n. be-rdbi, gunirjlii, ■ 

kbata. 



BIA 



83 



DIG 



'j n, tadbir, hikmat, fitrat, 
una, nishani. 
n. iHis, shaitan. 
IS, a. be-rah, gumrah. 
, V. tadbir k., ijdd k., nian- 
daarind, hiba k., wasijat k. 
, a. khali, tihi, aari. 
, n. malazamat akhlaq, adab. 
e V. dast-ba-dast-ana, pa- 
ihnd. 

, V. tasaddnq k., fida k., niyaz 
nrban k., makhsds k. 
d a, muqarrar, muaiyan, mas- 
[Bf4il. 

e, n. 4bid, zabid, riyazati. 
311, n. bandagi, ibadat, taqwa, 

*, V. kbajand, khan a, nosh k. 

;, a. abid, mutabid, namazi, 

%. 

-. OS, shabnam, taxi. 

. shabnam se tar k., nam k. 

>, n. ehaddar, gliab-ghab. 

', n. dahina, dahna, rast. 

ity, rt. chalaki, tez-dasti, das- 

• • 

ons, a. chalak, tez-dast, dast- 

es, n. silsila-i-baul. 
!c, ) shaitani, bad kar, 
ical, J ' zabiiij, bad surat. 
Ion, n. narm karne-wala mar- 

• 

iura, n. daya qiiza, khash 

;h ka shird. 

1, n. tiij, kulah-i-shahi. 

m, n. raftar, jumbish, chal. 

►sis, n. rashkhis. 

lal, a, qutr. 

m, 71. shakl hindsa, naqsha, 

ha. 

, dhiip-ghari. 

;, 71. zabain, bhasha, boli. 

ue, n. sawal-jawab, gnftgii, 

alantia. 

ter, «, qutr, daire ke bich ka 

.t. 

nd, n. hira, almds. 

, n. jdmdani, nainii. 

Aous, a. shaifaf. 

>retic, a. pasind nikahic-wdli 



Diaphragm^ n. parda-i-shikm. 
Diarrhoea, a, ishal, dast, jiryan-i- 

shikm. 
Diary, n. reiz-nama, roz-namcha. 
Diastole, «. dii kd phnilnfi.. 
Dibble, w. kitdali, khurpi, tabar. 
Dicacity, «. gdstakhi, shokhi. 
Dice, n. pasa, qimdr. 
Dice, V. pase se khelna. 
Dictate, v. iba^rat banana, farmand. 
Dict«ite, n. hukm, irshad. 
Dictatorial, a, hukmi, l^e-lmkiimat, 

khudnuma. 
Diction, w. ibarat, insha, muh award, 

roz-marra. 
Dictionary, n. Itfgdt, farbang. 
Did, V, kiya. 

Didactic, n. naeihatamez, pandamez. 
Diddle, r. chalne meii dagmngdna. 
Die, V, mama, faut h., wafat h. 
Diet, n. khan a, khorak, ta'ani. 
Diffor, V. judd h., fdrq h., khilaf h., 

ikhtildf h., na-sd'z h. 
Difference, n. farq, tafdwat, ikhtildf, 

ndsaz-gdri, ndmnwafqat, qaziyd: 
Different, a. dlag, judd, aldhida, mu- 

khdlif. 
Difficult, a. mushkil, dushwar, sakh- 

ti, durust. 
Difficulty, n. mushkal, dushwdri, 

sakhti, musibat, pareshdni, pech, 

jhanjhat. 
Diffide, r. aitqdd-na-rakhnd, bdwar- 

nak. 
Diffidence, «. shak,wahni, be-himma- 

ti, hijdb. 
Diffident, a. shakki, wahmi, be-him- 

mat. 

Difform, a. nd-hamwdr, nd-muwdfiq. 
Difformity, n. be-tartibi, nd-ham- 

wdri. 
Diffuse, V. phaildnd, chhitrdnd, mun- 

tashark., rawdj d. 
Diffuse, a. phaild hud, mufassal, tawil. 
Dig, v. khodnd, gamd. . 
Digastric, a. do pet-wdld, do-shikmi. 
Digest, V, hazm k., pachdnd, tartib 

k., drdsta k. 
Digest, w. dinon kd majniud, tasnit' 

qawdnin. 



DIN 



84 



DIS 



Digestion, n. hazm, pacbdo, haz- ! Dioptric, a. madadgar-i-basarat, mt- 



miat, pu^htgi. 
Dight, V, poshak pah nan a, arasta k. 
Digit, n. ungal-bhar, paun inch, 

siiraj ya chand ke qutr kk barh- 

w»nn hissa. 
.Digladiate, v. jbagarnd, bach an a. 
Dignify, v. barliana, sarfaraz k., iz- 

ZQ.t d., niartaba d. 
Dignity, n, martaba, qadr, mansab, 

izzat, j alal, iftikliar. 
Digress, v, bhatakna, phirna, tajawaz 

k , gurez k., aslmazamin ko tark k. 
Dike, «. khandak, khai, band, push- 

ta. 
Dilacerate, v. cbima, dbajji lirana, 

pharna. 
Dilapidate, v. wiran k., tabah k. 
Dilate, v. phailana, barhana, mufasal 

kalina. 
Dilatoriness, n. deri, ta^hir. susti. 
Dilatory, a, siist, kahii, dhima, der 

k. wala, abista. 
Dilection, n. piyar, mahrbani. 
Dilemma, n. hais-bais, dubdha. 
Diligence, n, koshish, mihnat, tan- 

dihi. muliizeniat. 
Diligent, a. mihnati, tandih, sar- 

garm, hoshyar. 
Dilate, v, patla k., raqiq k., zaif k. 
Diluvian, a. tiifani, garq-ab. 
Dim, a. dhundbla, cbiindhla, andhe, 

m, tarik. 
Dimension, n. andaza, paimaish- 

miqdar, arz-o-tiil, umuq. 
Diminish, v. gliatana, kam k., ghat- 

na, kam h. 
Diminution, n, ghati, takhfif. 
Diminutive, a. cbhoti,, kochak, 

khiird. 
DimitTy n. doriya, dim^i, charkhana. 
Dimness, n. tariki, tirgi, dhundlapan. 
Dimple, n. chah-i-zanakb. 
Din, n. shor, gul, gauga. 
Dine, v. khana khana, khand khilana. 
Ding, V. patak d., demarna. 
l^ing-dongj n. ghante ki awaz, tan 

tan. 
Dingle, n. wadi, dara, ghati. 
Dingy, a. kala, mail a. 
Dinner, v, khana, chasht. 
Dmt, n. zarb, chot, nisliana. qiiwat. 



dadgar-i-binai. 
Diorism. n. hadd. tarif, tnmiz, farq. 
Dip, V. dubna, diibanii, gota d., masb- 

gTii h. 
Diploma, n. sanad. 
Diplomacy, n. elchiyon ki jamaat ji 
guroh elchiyon ke nmamalckb 

dasliirat, oltliigari. 
Diro, a. khauf -nak, haulnak, liaibat- 
[ nak. d'jraona. 
Direct, a. sidha, musta^i, saf, nir] 

mashkuk. 
Direct, v. nishan k.. batljiTia, Im 

d., tartil) k., sarnania liklma." 
Direction, n, rasta, pata, tbikanj 

hukm, sarnama. 
Directly, ad. sidha, abhi, isi-woqi 

fil-faur. 
Director, n, kar-knn, mukhtar Hi, 

muntzim, mursliid, pir. 
Dirumplion, «. judai, mufarqat. 
Dirge, w. marsiya, nauha, matmi ras^' 
Dirk, n, kiitar, khan jar. 
Dirt, n. kicliar, mail, kudiirat^ 

lam at. 
Dirty, a, maila-kuchela, galiz, najifl^ 

na-saza. 
Disable, v. na-tawan k., be-taqat ki 

zaif k. 
Disability, n. na-tawanai, bequdraii 

lachari. [khalal 

Disadvantage, n, ziyan, nuqs^ 
Disadvantageous, a. be-faida, lahdsiL 
Disaffected, v. bad-khwah, n4raz, 

saikash. 
Disagree, v. na-muwafiq h., mnl^ba- 

lif li., jliagarna. 
Disagreeable, a. na-khiish, n&-pa- 

sand, nagawar, badmaza. 
Disagreement, n. na-muwafaqai^ 

ikhtilaf, bigar. 
Disallow, r. na-qabiil k., inkar k., 

radd k. 
Disappear, v, gaib h., na-padid h., 

■ jata rahna, kafiir ho-jana. 
Disappoint, v. na-ummed k., mah- 

rum k. 
Disappointment, n. na-ummedi, mir 

yiisi. ,;^,,.' 

Disapprobation, n. na-pasandi^ ai- 

oabuli. 



] 



1 



i 






DIS 



.85 



DIS 



Disapprove, v. ni-manziir k., na-pa- 

sand k. 
Disarm, v, nihaththa k., hatliyar 

chliin lena. 
Disaster, n. afat, musibat, bad-ba^b- 

ti. 
Disavouch, v. mukarna, inktir k. 
Disavow, V. inkar k., inukania. 
Disavowal, w. inkar, nnfi. 
Disband, v, lashkur niaziil k., ya tor- 

dena. 
Disbelieve, v. be-itiqad h., itibar na 

k, na manna. 
Disburse, v. kharcli k., sarf k. 
Disbursement, n, khai'ch, sarf, mu- 

kharij. 
Discjilceate, v. jiita utarna. 
Discandy, v. gbulna, gain a. 
JDiscnnl, V, bar-Laraf k., mazul k., 

nikal d., 
Discnrnate, a. be-gosht. 
Disaptation,' n. mubahisa, bahs, 

hiijjat. 
Discern, v, dekbna, pabcbanna, ma- 
lum k., imliyaz k. 
Discernment, n, imtiydz, tamiz, dar- 

yaft, fabm. 
Discerp, v, cliima, al.ag karna. 
Discharge, r. bartaraf k., maziil k.. 

bojh utarna, kbaii k., ada k., and 

k., clihurana, urana, phenkna, gi- 

rana. 
Discharge, n. bar-tarafi, nikas, uraii, 

shalq, ada, khatti, safi-nama. 
Disciple, w. murid, sliagird, talmiz. 
Discipline, n, talim, tarbiyat, qaida, 

intizam, saza. 
Disci iiim, a, inkar k., cliliorna. 
Disclose, V. kbolna, fash k., batlana. 
DiRColour, V, bad-rang k., dag-dar k. 
Discomfit, V. shikast d.. magliib k. 
Discompose, v. ghabrana, muztrib 

k., barham k., ranjida k.^ 
Disconcert, v, kbalal dalna, muz- 

tarib k., torna. 
Disconsolate, a, afsurda, gamgin, 

dilgir. 
Discontent, n. be qana'ati, na-razi, 

nd-khushi. 
Discontented, a. na-kbusb, na-niz. 
Discontinue, v. mauqiif k., farigh h., 

na^ha k., mkna. band k. 



Discord, n. na-muwafaqat, ikhtildf, 
fisad, fitna. 

Discordant a. na-muwafiq, mukhalif, 
b'.'-iibang. 

Discount, V, chhiit lena, batta lena. 
Discount, n. clihut, batta, minbai. 
Discountenance, v. munh pherna, 

dil shikasta k», teori badahnii, 

dantnji. 
Discourage, v. himmat torna, dil 

cbhota k., be-dil k., dabana. 
Discourse, n. guftgu, mukalama, wnz. 
Discover, r. dikhlana, zahir k, ash- 

kara k., fasli k. 
Discredit, n. be-itibari, badnarai, 

ruswai. 
Discredit, v. be-itibar k., kliafif k., 

bawar na k. 
Discreet, a. hoshyar, fahmida, sahib- 

i-initiyaz. 
Discreetly, ad, hoshyari-se, tadbir se. 
Discrete, a. alaliida, jiida. 
Discrepant, a. mukhtalif, bar kliilaf. 
Discretion, w. hoshyari, imtiyaz, aql. 
I.)iscretionary, a. niutlaq-ul-inan, na- 

mu(iai-yad, bast a. 
Discriminate, v, imtiyaz k., tamiz 

k., fani k. 
Discrimination, n. imtiyaz, tamiz, 

tafriq, fahm. 
Difcubitory, a. jhuka liiia. 
Disculpatc, V. bc-giinah tali rand, be- 

jurm sab it k. 
Discursion. n, daur-dliiip, idliar udhar 

dorna ya gliunma. 
Discuss, V, mubaliasa k., tajwiz k. 
Discussion, n. tajwiz, tahqiqat, tab- 

lil, rad-o-badal. 
Disdain, n, ihanat, hiqarat, karjihiyat. 
Disdain, v. biqarat k., ihanat k., 

halka k., haqir janna. 
Disease, n. marz,* azar, bimari. 
Disedge, v. dharmurna ya moti k. 
Disembark, v, jabaz-se utarna. 
Disengage, v. juda k., riha k., azad 

k., kliolna, be-kar k. 
Disengaged, a. muattal, azad. 
Dispsteem, t\ hiqarat k., bc-izzatk. 
Disfigure, v. bad-surat k., bad-numak. 
Disgorge, v, rad k., ugalna. 
Disgrace, n. ruswai, fazihat, zillat, 

bo-izzati. 



DIS 



Disgrace, v. be-izzafc k., ^hafif k. 
Disgraccfnl, a, mayiib, na-s-haista, 

qabih. 
Disgregate, v. allag k., clihitrana. 
Disguise, v. chbipand, surat badal 

k., bhes banatta. 
Disgust, n. nafrat, karahiyat, gliin. 
Disgust, t?. nafrat k., karahiyat k. 
Dish, n. rakabi, tabaq, kab, sahnak. 
Dishabille, n. dhila kapra. 
Dish clout, n, puchhna, «afi, rakabi 

puchhne ka kapra. 
Dishearten, v, tang-dil k., shikasta- 

dilk. 
Dishevel, v. bal bikherna, darham- 

barham k. 
Dishevelled, a, pareshan. 
Dishonest, a. bad-diyanat, btj-imdn, 

farebi. [k. 

Dishonour, v, be-abrii k., be-huraaat 
Dishonour, fi, be-hurmati, be-abriii, 

badnami. 
Dishonourable, a. mayiib, zalil, na- 

saz. 
Disincerate, v. qaid-khane so riha k. 
Disinclinfition, n. na-pasandi, nafrat. 
Disingenuous, a. makkar, riya-kar. 
Disinherit, v. miras-se mahrum k., 

irs-se kharij k. 
Disinterested, a. be-garaz, be-tama. 
Disinvite, v, newta utama, dawat 

pherlena. 
Disjoint, v. band-band juda k., jor 

alag k. 
Disjunction, n, judai, iftisal, iftirdq. 
Disk, n, girda, qurs. 
Dislike, n, na-pasandi, nafrat. 
Dislocate, v, sarkana, ukhar d. 
Dislodge, V. bahar k., nikal d. 
Disloyal, a. namak haram, be-tvafa, 

sarkash. 
Dismal, a, haiilnak, haibatnak, udas, 

gamgin, tarik. 
Dismantle, v. nanga k., u4;ar lend. 
Dismast, v, be-mastiil k., mastiil 

torn a. 
Dismay, v, dhamkana, dabana^ dara- 

na. 
Dismay, n. dahshat, haul, khauf, 

hiras, dar. 
Disme, Dime (deem), n, daswan 

hissa. 



86 DIS 

Dismembt^r, v, azw azw juda k., 

taqsim k., tukra k. 
Dismiss, v, rukhsat k., jawdb d.^ 

bartarf k., kharij k., bhejua, ra- 

wana k. 
Dismission, n, bartarfi, maziili. 
Dismount, v. utarna, nazil h. 
Disobedience, n. na-farman bardari, 

sarkashi. 
Disobedient, n. na-farman bardar, 

sarkash. 
Disobey, n. adiil-hukmik., sarkashi k. 
Disoblige, v. na-kliush k., ranjida 

k., bezar k. 
Disobliging, a. bi^-murauwwat. 
Disorder, n. be-tartibi, be^ntizami, 

darharai-barhami, hangama, khal- 

bali, bimdri, iztirdbi, ghabrabat. 
Disorder, v, darham barham k., 

abtar k. [ham. 

Disorderly, a. be-zabt, darliam bar- 
Disoriented, a. rahrast-se pheri hni^ 
Disown, V, inkar k., munkir h., 

chhoma. 
Disparage, v. be-qadar k., khafif k. 
Disparagement, n, be-qadri, hiqdrat^ 
Disparity, n, na-hamwari, na-muwa- 

faqat, tafawat, farq. 
Dispassionate, a, halim, salim, burd- 

bar. 
Dispatch, v, bhejna, rawana k., ami 

k,, jald tamam k,, qatl k. 
Dispatch, n. jaldi, shitabi, qdsid, 

khatt, kharitd. 
Dispauper, r. rouflis ko kisi Ichass 

haqq se mahrnm k. 
Dispel, V, diir k., dafa k., rafa k. 
Dispend, v. kharch k.. lagana. 
Dispensary, n, dawa-khana. 
Dispensation, n. taqsim, muafi. 
Dispense, v. bantna, taqsim k., dena^ 

muaf k., nikhsat k. 
Disperse^ v, chhitkana, khindana, 

muntashir k., pard ganda k,, 

shikast d. 
Dispersion, n. paragandagi, pbailao. 
Dispirit, v. aznrda k., dil-tang k., 

himmat toma. 
Displace, v. beja rakhna, sarksUia. 

tagir k., ulal^uliat k. 
Displacency, n. durushti, be mttravr- 

wati, badakhlaqi. 



BIS 



87 



1>IS 



Display, t?. dikhana, zaJiir k,, asbkar 

ra k. 
Display, n. izhdr, phailao, namud. 
Displease, v, ua kliusli k., bezar k., 

raiij ida k. 
Displeasing, v, na-gawar. 
Displeasure, n. na-klnislii, be-zari, 

kbafagi, 
Displode, a. cliborna, tark k., cbat- 

kana, pborna. 
Disposal, «. ikbtiyar, qabii, hath. 



Disseat, v, kisi jngah se hatana yd 

diir k. 
Dissect, V. katna, qata k., tashrih k., 

taftisli k. 
Dissemble, v. chhipana, riyd. k., ba- 

bana k. 
Disseminate, v. phailana, mashhiir 

k., ishtibar k. 
Dissension, n. jhagra, qaziya, nifaq. 
Dissent, v, na-muwafiqb., mukhtalif- 

rae h. 



Dispose, V. tartib k , rakhna, mail I Dissert, v. bayan k., bahasnd. 

k., chalina; — of, becbua, bech- | Dissertation, w. taqrir, bayan, naqal. 

dalna, dena. j Disserve, v, zarrar k., nuqsan pabun- 

Disposed, a. mnrattab, arasta, mail. ! chana. 
Disposition, w. intizam, tartib, mi- i Disservice, n, zarrar, niiqsan. 

zaj, tabiat, kho. j Dissident, a. ndmiiwafiq, miikhalif. 

Diapossess, v. be-dakhl k., kharij I Dissilition, n. phatna, phiitan. 



k., iiikal d. 
Disproportion, w. be-andazagi, na- 

muwafaqat, tafawat. 
Disprove, v, jhuthland, batil k., 

radd 11. 



Dissimilar, a, miiklitalif, na-miiwafiq. 
Dissimilarity, n. iia-niuwafaqat, ikh- 

tilaf, tafawat. 
Dissimulation, n, makr, riya, poshid- 

gi, tazvvir. 



toispunge, v. mita d., chhil dalna, Dissipate, v. urana, sarfk., barbadk. 



nikal dalna. 
Disputatious, a, bujjati, takrari. 
Dispute, n, bahs, mubahasa, hujjat, 

qaziya, takrar. 
Dispute, V. babasna, takrar k., jlia- 

garna. 
Disquiet, v. muztarib k., hairan k., 

dukh d. 
Disquietude, n. be-kali, iztirabi. 
Disquisition, n. miinazara, tafahhus, 

tajwiz, taftisb. 



Dissipated, a, aubasb, awara. 
Dissipation, n, aubaslii, awargi, 

masti. 
Dissolute, a, aubasb, awara, bad- 

waza, rind ana. 
Dissolution, n. gudaz, pigblahat, bar- 

badi, maut, faskb, barkliast. 
j Dissolve, V. gliulna, gbolnd, piglild- 

na. gudaz k., mauqiif k., faskh k. 
Dissolvent, n, guddzinda, galane- 

wdla. 



Disregard, n. be-iltifati, be-parwai, 

gaflat. 
Disregard, v, na manna, gaflat k., 

tarah d., be-iikri k. 
Disrelish, n. nafrat, karahiat. 
Disreputable, a. ruswd, nd-shaista, 

mayiib. 
Disrepute, n. ruswdi, badndmi, be- 

izzati. 
Disrespect, n. be-iltifati, be-adabi, 

gustakhi. 
Disrespectful, a. be-adab, be-lihdz, 

be-murawwat. 
Disruption, n. phiitan, phiit, tiitan, 

daridgi. 
Dissatisfaction, w. nd-khiishi, bezdri. 
Dissatisfied, a. nd-rdz, nd-kbush. 



Dissonance, n, nd-muwdfaqat^ nd- 

dliangi, be-ham-dwiizi, be-mel. 
Dissuade, v, bdz rakbnd, mand k., 

dilpbernd. ■ 
Dissyllable, n, do-hijjc kd lafz. 
Distaff, n. wah danda jismen san yd 

patud lapet dete bain aur kdtne 

men us se siit nikaltd hai. 
Distance, n, diiri, arsd, fdsild, tafd- 

wat, adab, kasbidagi. 
Distant, a. ddr, baid. liazarmand. 
Distaste, n. nafrat, karabiyat, istik- 

rah. 
Distemper, n. bimdri, marz, dzdr. 
Distend, v, phaildnd, furakh k., phu- 

Idnd. 
Distention, n. phuldo. 



1)1 s 



88 



DIV 



Distich, n. bait, dohA. 

iJistil, V. tapakna, cliiiua, abkari k. 

Distillation, n. tapkao, cLiiao, abkari, 

araq-kaslii. 
Distiller, n, abkar, araq-kasb, kaUr. 
Distinct, a. juda, uiutafarraq, mu- 

fassil, saf. 
Distinction, n, farq, tafawat, imti- 

yiiz, izzat, slian. 
Distinctly, ad. be-imtivaz, mufassa- 

land, niashriilinn. 
Distinctness, a, imtiyaz, tamiz, sa- 

fiii, tafawat. 



Disunite, v. alag k., juda k. 
Disusn, n. be-istimali, be-rawaji. 
Disusage, n. b«-istimali, be-masliqi. 
I>isvouch, V. be-itibar k., badnam k., 

be-itimdd k., radd k , kliilaf knlina. 
Diswont, e;. rawaj-i-mamiili se kbd- 

rij k. 
Ditct), n. kliandaq, kbai, nala. 
l>itto, n, aizan, nuizkiir, wobi. 
hitty, n, git, sarod. 
Diuretic, a. idrar-awar, mudirr-baL 
Diurnal, a. rozina, yaumia. 
Dive, V. gota niarna, dubki nnarnd. 



Distinguish, v. imtiyaz k., tamiz k., Divel, v. khinch lena, khinch kar 



farq janna, namwar k. 



alag k. 



Distinguished, a. ma'riif, mumtaz. Diver, n. gota-zan, gota-khor, gaw- 

namwar, nadir. j was. 

Distitle, V. be-haqq k., kisi ka haqq Diverjre, r. ek nok se nikal karmun- 



le-lena. 



tashar h., pnrn.iranda h. 



Distort, V, ainthna, pech d , khilaf : Diverse, a. niutafnrriq, mukbtalif, 



batana. [inqilab. 

Distortion, n. ainth, maror, pech 
Distract, v, ashufta k., pareshan k., 

ghabnina, 'diwana k. 
Distracted, a. ashufta, pareshan, 

hairan, diwana. 
Distraction, n. ghabrahat, iztinibi, 

beknli, diwangi, ashuftagi, sauda. 
Distrain, v. qurq k., zabt k., rokna. 
Distraint, n, qurqi, zabt, rok. 
Distress, r. taklif d., iza k., tasdi k., 

satdna, pareshan k. 
])istr(j8s, n, taklif, iza, tasdi, pare- 
shan i, tangi. 
Distressed, a, pareshan, majbiir, 

muflis. . 



rang-ba-rang, ^lin-a-giin. 
Diversify, r. rang-ha-rangk., taqilk. 
Diversion, n, tamasha, tafarruj, sair, 

inhiraf, lila. 
Diversity, n. farq, tafawat, rang-ba- 

ran gi, ikiitilaf. 
Divert, I', pherna, manharif k., bah- i 

land, khush k. 
Divest, V. utarna, nanga k., khdli L, ^ 

chhiu lend. 
Divide, i'. hissa k., bdntiid, taqsim k., ' 

qata k., kdtnd. 
Dividend, n. muqassam, maqsiim; 

manafa yd sud kd hissd. 
Dividual, a. niunqasini, taqsim ya 

hissd kiya gayd. 



Distribute, v. bantnd, taqsim k., qis- j Divination, w. ilm-i-gaib, fdlgoi, 

mat d. j rami, shigoon. 

Distribution, 72. bantai, taqsim. ! Divine, a. ildhi, rabhani, rahmani. 

District, n. zila, pargand, mahall, , Divine, n, khddim-din, murshid. 



sarkdr. 
Distrust, n, gumdn, shakh, shubha, 
be-ltiqdd. 



padri. 

Divine, v. fdl-kahnd, peshgoi k., 
batana, darvaft k. 



Distrust, V, guraan rakhna, itiqad ! Diviner, n. najiinii, rammdl, jotshi. 



na rakhna, bdwar na k. 

Distrustful, a. bad-gumdn. 

Disturb, v. bekal k., muztarib k., 
harj k., harakat k. 

Disturbance, w. harj, harakat, han- 
gama, fasad. 

Disunion, n, juddi, na-ittifaqi, ba- 
it tihad. 



Divinity, n. khuddi, ilahiyat, ilui-i- 

ildhi, fiqd. 
Division, n. taqsim, inqisdm, hissa, 

ikhtildf. 
Divorce, n. taldq, itldq. 
Divorce, v. taldq d., itldq k., tiydgna. 
Divulge, V, zdhir k., fash k., dshkdi'd 

k., barmaid k. 



DOL 



89 



DOV 



Divulgate, v. zkhir k , alaiiiyj'i k. 
Dizziness, ?i. diiurau-i-sir, glnnuri. 
Dizzy, n. sargardan, matlhosli. 
Do, V, kariui, baja-lana, anil k., 

banand,, kosliish k., eliLiitna. 
Docile, a, tarbiyat-pazir, saliimit- 

taba, qabil-i-talim, adab-amoz. 
Docility, V, farman-bardari, tarbiynt 

paziri, sadliawat. [poda. 

Dock, 71, guddi, kbari, dund, tpsiii-i- 
Dock, V. landura k., dum katna, ja- 

haz ko marammat k. 
Docket, n, kliulasa jo chitthi ke 

puslit par liklia jata hai, pate ka 

parcha. 
Doctor, n. maiilavi, muallini, faili(|, 

hakim, tabib. 
Doctrine, n, maslah, niazliab, Injil 

ki bat, ilni. 
Docnment, n. sniiad, nawisbta- 

kagJiz, dalil, isbat. 
Dodge, V, dar madar k., fareb k., 

talmatol k. 
Doe, 71, liariii, jihii-mada, mirgi. 
Doer, n. karne-wala, karta, kuninda, 

fail. 
, Doff, V. utar d., dur k., nanga k. 

Dog, n, kutta, sag. 
k^ Dogged, Doggish, a. magra, sag- 

sirat, turshru, dnrasht, badkho. 
Doggerel, w. lunkhtalif wazan ki 

nazam, nazam be-qaida. 
Dogma, 71. qaida, qiiiiiiu. 
Dogmatical, a. khiid-nie, barwa.jh-i- 

hakiiii, niustacpll, mustahkam. 
Dogmatism, 7i. khiid-rai, Inikiimat. 
Dogmatize, v, yaqinnn bay an k., 

hakemana tanr-se kalma. 
Doings, 71. kam, kartat, afal, hara, 

kat, mnamlat. 
Doily, n. ek qism ka pashmi kapra. 
Doit, n. ek qisni ka chliotii sikka. 
Dog-rose, n, sad a gnlab. 
Dog-rstar, w. suhail, sliari. 
Dole, V. bantna. 
Dole, n, afsos, ranj, taqsim. 
Doleful, w. gam-nak, dil-gir, andoh- 

gin. 
Doll, ». gnriya, gndda, put! a. 
Dollar, n, do rupiya ka sikka. 
Dolphin, «. qisni-i-mjihi, diilphin, 

qism-i-yunani jalidz. 



|)ol()rons, a, gam-niik, dil-gir, an- 

doh-gin. 
Dolour, 11. gam, udasi. 
Dolt, n. alimaq, khandjui. 
Domain, n. mulk, mmnlnkat, snlta- 

nat. 
Dome, 71. gumbaz, qubba. 
Domestic, a. khangi, gharela, dani- 

ni, khass, desi. 
Domestic, 7v. naukar, khana-zad. 
Domicile, n, niakau, gliar, ralmo ki 

jagah. 
Dobnate, v, hakiimat k., galib h., 

sirdari k. 
Domination, ??. hukiimat, sardari, 

zabar-dasti, zulm. 
Domineer, a. zor-o-zulm-se linkiimat 

k., khudfaroshi k., fakbr k. 
Dominion, n. hulaimat, pad.slialial, 

saltanat, diyar, raj. 
Donation, ?i. bakhshish, ata, dan, 

nazar. 
Done, ;?a. kiya, karda, hanu. 
Donee, 7i. bakhshish pane ^vala. 
Donor, 7i, bakhshinda, dihinda, d;it;i. 
Doom, 71, qaza, fatwa, hukni, liulaki, 

tabahi. 
Doom, V, fatwa d., hukm k., muqar- 

rar k., tharana. . 
Doorkeeper, w. darban, darwan, ha- 

jib. 
Dormant, a. sota hua, khufta, ]>o- 

shida, makhfi. 
Dormitory, 71. khwab-gah. 
Dorr, 71. ek qism ka urne wala kini. 
Dose, 71. mantad, dawa-ki painiaish. 
Dot, 71. nuqta, bindi, sunn. 
E>otage, ??. ashuftagi-i-pii'i, sathya- 

hat, farcftagi. 
Dotard, Doter, n. pir-i-ablah, h;i\vav;s 

biikhta. shefta, farefta, mnjnrni. 
Dote. V ablahh., shefta h., rareCta li. 
Dotingly, ad. be-nihayat, bn-shiddnt. 
Double, a. duna, dugnna, (kdira, 
• do«tah, do-chand, do-ranga. 
Double, V. duna k., duhnina, do- 
chand k. 
Donble-dealing, n, do-rangi, rlytika- 

ri, farcb. 
Double-minded, a. makkar, hiliisaz. 
Donht, ??-. shak, shubha, gunuui, 
. ishtibah. 



mi\ 



l»U 



Din 



Doubt, i\ sliiik r., sliiiblja r., audo- 

• slia k., pas-o-pcsli k. 

Doubtful, a. inaslikiik, muslitabali, 

muslikil, kbatarnak. 

Doubtful Iv, acl. sliubah-se. 

Doubtless, ad. be-sbakk, lajaram, 

albatta, ya(]inan. 

Douceur, v, risbwat, tu'ma. 

Dougb, n. giiudba liiia ata, kluimir. 

Douse, V. gota d., dubki mania. 

l^ove, n. fakbta. ([urnri. 

Dovetail, v. jorna, qulfi d. 

Dower, ) . 1 11 1 

,>, ' > n. iahez, dabez, mahr. 
J)o\Yry, j '' ' 

Down, n. roon niugta, saza, maidan, 

sbai taskiu bakbsb. 
Down, y>;-. uicbe, tale, zer, zamin-par. 
Downcast, a, sar-nigiin, zamin-par 

mail, sbarmgin. 
Downfall, n^ tabahi, kbarabi, kbwari. 
Downright, a. sada, saf, sidba. 

mabz, kjiniil, tbik. 
Downward, n. nicba, past, niche, 

tale. 
Downy, a. nami, mulaim, roendtir, 

riii-sa. 
Doxy, n. kasbi, randi, mahbiiba. 
Doze, V, unglnui, nini khwab h. 
Dozen, n. barah, do-azdah. 
Draft, n. hundi, musawwadii, naq- 

slui, fauj. 
Drag, V, ghasitna, khinchna, tanna. 
Draggle, v, litharna, maila k. 
Dragon, n, azhdaha, ajgar, nihang. 
Dragoon, n, swar, turk-sawar. 
Drain, n, mori, badarrau. 
Drain, v, pasana, chhanna, nikalna. 
.T)i-akc, n. bat-nar. 
Drama, n, naql, natak. 
Dramatic, a. naqli, nataki. 
Drank, p. t, ]nyL 
Drape, v, kap'a binna. 
Drapery, n. poshak, bulla, banao, 

kapre-ka karo-bt'ir. 
Drastic, a. mazbut, z^^rawar, chalak. 
Draught, n, gbiin, dam-i-shiarab, 

nosh, kahsidagi, naqsha, niusaw- 

wada, hundi, fauj ka ek garoh. 
Draw, V. khinchna, ghasitna, tanna, 

kasbis k., chalana, dalna, lalcha- 

na, j{izb k., farcfta k., baud k., 

nikalna, nikal d. 



Drawback, n. pbirtji, tuklifif, riuyat 
Drawbridge, n. pul, takhta, aisa pul 

jise jab chaheij uthalen aur jab 
■ chahen bitaden. 
Drawer, n. khincbne-wala, chatera, 

qalamkkr, hundi-navis. 
Drawers, ?t. p{'i(»janui, izar, janghiya. 
Drawing, n, naqsha, naqsh-o-nigar, 

naqciashii 
Drawiug-room, n. diwan-i-amm, dar- 

biir. 
Drawl, V. srhasitua ahiste ahiste 

bolna. 
Drawn, n. musawi, barabar, barahna, 

kashidii. 
Dray, n. chhakni, nichi gari. 
Dread, n. dar, dahshat, khauf, hai- 

bat. 
Dread, v. darn a, dahsliat kliana, 

khatra rakhna. 
Dreadful, a. dahshat-nak, liaibat- 

nak, haul-nak. 
Dreadfully, arf. nib ay at khauf-naki 

se. 
Dream, n. khwab, khiyal-i-kham. 
Dream, v, khwab dekhna, khiyal k. 
Dreamer, n. khwab-dekhne-wal4 

walnni, khiyali. 
Dreary, a. muhib, khatar-nak, sun- 

san, wiran. 
Dregs, n. talchbat, durd, kudiirat. < 
Drench, v. bhigona, tarbatar k., jiil- 

lab d. 
Dress, n. poshak, libas, .kapre-i- 

arash; 
Dress, v, kaprd-pahinna, drasta k., 

pakana, marham patti lagana. 
Dresser, n. arasta karne wala", bd- 

warchi-khane ki mez, marliam 

patti karne wala. 
Drib, V. kat lena, kat dalna. 
Drib, n, blind, qatra. 
Dribble, v. tapakna, chuna. 
Driblet, w. khurda, reza. ^ 

Drift, n. maqsad, irada, garaz, liida, 

dher. 
Drift, V. chalana, ambar k., tiida k. 
Drill, n, barma, sipahion-ki qawaid. 
Drill, v. sain a, siirakh k., sipahioQ 

ko qawaid sikhana. 
Drink, n. sharbat, nosh, ghiint. 
Drink, r. pinii, nosh k., ghuntna. 



DRU 



01 



Dur 



Drip, V. tapakana, muqattir h. 

3>ipstoiie, n, risa-patthar. 

Drive, v. hank d., liankanii, thokna, 

diir k , nikal d. 
• Drivel, v, lar tapkana, larpiyar k. 
Driver, n. hankwaiya, gari-ban. 
Drizzle, n. tarashsho, pliohar. 
Driol, n. mazdiir, giilain. 
Driol, V. mazdiiri k., mahiiat k. 
Droll, a. ajib, nadir, taniasha. 
Droll, n, niaskliara, bazz^il, tliattola. 
Dromedary, n, sandni, nntni. 
Drone, n, majlml, snst, dliila, murda. 
Droop, V. niilrj liana, kiinihlna, paz- 

mxirda b., ^aif li., natawan h. 
Drop, n. qiitra, bund, biindi, aweza. 
Drop, V. girna, gira-dena, tapakna, 

abiste kalina, tark k., chlioina, 

marna, afnlian, k. 
Dropsical; a. jalandari, miistisqi. 
Dropsy, n. istisqa, jalandar. 
Dross, n. iiinil, fnzla, zang, kadiirat. 
Drought, n, khiisbk-sali, kliushki, 

piyas, siikbii, akal. 
Drove, n. gal la, balqa, qatar, hanga- 

ma, jhiind. 
Drover, a. galla-ban, cliarwalui. 
Drown, v. dubana, garq k., sailab k. 
Drowsiness, n. lingli, nind, klnvab- 

aliidagi. 
Drowsy, a. kliwab-aliida, nindasa, \ 

kahil, majhiil. 
Drubbing, n. mar-pit, zad-o-kob. 
Drudge, i;, molmat k., daur-dhup k., 

mazdiiri k. 
Drudgery, n. sakht o liaqir mibnat; 

gulami, tahal. 
Drug, n. dawa, daru. 
Drugget, V. ek qism ka mota pash- 

uiina. 
Druggist, n. attar, pan sari, dawa- 

farosb. 
Druid, n. Tnglistan-ka q;idim imam. 
Drum, n, dliol, tambiir, tabla, naqqa- 

ra. 
Drum, V. dbol, .tanbiira ya tabla 

bajami. 
Drummer, n, dbolkiya, tambirr-cbi. 
Driimble, I?, majbul ya kaliil li. 
Driuikard, 7j. matwahi, slianibi, na-.! 

slia-kbor. 
Drunken, a, niaivvala, nuiJit. 



Drunkenness, w. matwala-pan, mastf, 

nasha. 
Dry, a. siikha khusbk, be-ras, piya- 

sa, riikba, sada, bemaza, sakht. 
Dry, V, suklma, khusbk k., siikhana. 
Dryness, n. sukhawat, khuski, ya- 

biisat, rukhawat, kashidagi, ku- 

diirat. 
Dual, q. tasniya, musanna, dohra. 
Dubious, a. mashkuk, mushtaba, 

na-muqarrar. 
Duck, n, bat, batak, sir jhukao, 

margabi. 
Duck, V. dubki marna, gotJ laganu, 

sir-jhukana. 
Duckling, n. batak ka baclicha. 
Ducktile, a, chimra, mulaim, narm. 
Ductility, n, chimrahat, nanui. 
Dudgeon, v, chhoti, katari, khafgi. 
Due, a. laiq, munasib, wajib, maqul, 

baqi. 
Due, n. qarz, haqq, istihqaq, mahsiiU 
Duel, n, do shakshon-ki hirai. 
Duet, n. da shakhs milkar gawcn 

ek rag. 
Dug, n. thiin, chunchi. 
Dug,^>. p, kboda. 
Duke, n. ala-martabc-ka amir. 
Dulcet, a. shirin, khush-awaz, khush 

ilhan. 
Dulcimer, n. sitar, tamb'drft, chang. 
Dull, a, ahmaq, kund, majhiil, dhiUi, 

lidas, afsurda, khwab alnda. 
Dxillard, n. ahmaq, be-wuquf. 
Dullness, n. kund-zihni, himaqat, 
susti, kahili, dliundhlai, khwab- 
tiliidagi. 
Duly, ad. thik, j aisa-cliahiye. 
Dumb, a. giinga, gung, bukm, 

khamosh. 
Dumbness, n, be-zabani, khamoshi. 
Dump, n. malal, mnlola, gam, iidasi. 
Dun, V, taqaza k., dharnti d. 
Dun, n, mutaqazi, qarz?khwah. 
Dunce, n. ahmaq, gawdi. 
Dung, w. gobar, lid, guh. 
Dungeon, n, siyah-chab, zindan. 
Dunghill, n. kun% gobar. 
Duo, n. ek git jiske do hisse lion. 
Dupe, 71. al)la, fa reft a- shakhs, sudadih 
Duple a. dohra, dogna. 
Dui>lic'ate. /?. iiatp, musanna. 



KAG 

Duplicity, «. do-raiigi, riyji, niakr. 
Durnblc, a. paedar, iistuwar, qaim, 

miv/Atnt. 
Durance, ?i. pacdiiri, qaid, liirasat. 
Duration, w. paedari, qiyaui, baqa, 

istinirar. 
Dure, V. paedar ralma, qaim rahna. 
J)urihg, 7>?\ ta, bliar, jabtak, ma- 
bain, arse-men, darmiyan. 
Duhik, n, dhundlila pan, nira-sham, 

kiila. 
])u.sk, a. andlicra, siyab. 
])usky, a. dhundbla, tariki, tira. 
Dust, n. ^liiil, gard. khak, gubar. 
Dust, V. dhul-jhania, cLlianna. 
])usty, a. gard-aliida. 
Dutch, w. Hal and ke bashande aur 

wall an ki zuban. 
J)uufui, n. shaista, muaddab, qadr- 

n uma, farmanbarda r. 
Duty,..w, farz, wajib-kbidmat, adab 

mabsiil. 
Dwarf, 71. baun4, cbobta-qad. 
Dwai'tinh, a. chhota, kotali, bamia ke 

nuinind. 
Dwell, V. rabna, basna, sakiinat k., 

lui(l-o-baslj k , taqrir k. 
Dwelling, n. gliar, makan, muqam, 

jagab. 
Dwindle, v. gliatna, sukarna, kam h., 

kotali li.. tablil b. 
] >ye, V, rangna, rang cliarluina. 
J)yer, n. rang-rez, sab-bagb. 
Dynasty, n. nasl-i-sbabi, bukiimat, 

saltnat, raj-bans, kbandnn. 
]>yscrap.y, n, kliilt ki buri lialat. 
Dysentery, n. islial, jiryan-i-shikm. 
3)yspepsy, w. bad-luizmi, ajiran. 
Dysury, n. asar-ul-baul, babs-ul- 

baul, taqtir. 



E. 



Vj, Angrezi-lviruf-i-taliaajji ka pan- 

cbwjin barf. 
Kaeb, />. bar-ek, ok-ck. 
Earli other, p. ck-digar, apas men. 
laager, a. arziimand,. mushtaq, tez, 

shauqin. 
3-]agerly, ad. shauq-se, arzii-se. 
J^iLovriK'Ss, //. arziinuuidi. bargarnii. 

^]iau4. tun-li, tt-zi. 



92 EAV 

Eagle, n. lujab, huniii, shahin. 
Eagre, n. ek bhatha ya jawjir jo 

diisre bhate ya jawar ke liparhota 

hai. 
Ear, n. kiln, gosh, khosha, bal. 
Earl, n. aniir-ali niartaba. 
Earless, a. bc-kan, bc-gosh, kan- 



E! 



Early, a. sawere, bare fajar, jald, 

shitab. 
Earn, v. kanijina, hasil k., kasb k. 
Earnest, n. sliauqin, sai, muttwajjcli, 

sargarm, dilsoz. 
Earncpt, w. baiaanah, mcwah-norus, 

liaqiqat. 
Earnestly, ad. shauq-se, dil-lagake, 

s«irgarmi-se. 
Ear-ring, n. jhumka, ball, goshwara, 

lialqa-i-gosh. 
Earth, «. milti, khak, arz, zamin, 

mulk. 
Earthen, a. miiti-ka, gili, sifiili. 
Earthly, «. khaki, jahanui, dunyavi, 

jisnmni. 
Earthquake,, n. zalzala, bho-chal. 
Ease, n. anim, chain, rahat, sukh, 

asani, salasat. 
Ease, V. aram d., asaish d., bahlana. 
Easel, n, naqqash ke tat lagane ka 

qalib. 
Easily, ad, asani-sc, suhulat-se, sa- 

haj men. 
East, 72. mashriq, piirab. 
Easter, n. hazrat Isa ke bar-i-digar 

zinda hone ki yadgari kfi tewhar. 
Easterly, a, mashriqi, sharqi, pAra- 

bi, purab-ki taraf. 
Eastern, a. jnashriqi, sh«arqi,piirabi» 
Eastward, ad, ba-sii-i-mashriq, pu- 

rab ki taraf. 
Easy, a. asan, sahl, salis, asiida-hal, 

mulaim, halim, be-parwah. 
Eat, V, khana, nosh k., tanawwul k., 

cluibna. • 

Eatable, a, laiq-i-klnirish, khiiue- 

Eater, n, khiirinda, khane-wala, ak- 

kal. 
Eating, v. khana, bhojan k. 
Eaves, n. olti, parchhli. 
Ivivesdrop, V, kbirki ke niche sc 

^unna. 



EEL 



93 



EGO 



i^r, zawal, tanazzul. 
abniis.' 

n, iibal ne wala, ubalkar 
le wala. 
', n, ubal. 
, n, josh, ubal. 
a. kaj -ran, bc-qdida, tarik- 
z. 

ty, n. kaj-rawi, kbabt. 
is, n. kbal p.ir iiila pila til. 
c, Ecclesiastical, a, dim, 
, khadim-i-dlD, padri. . 
I. kliar-pusht, kbai'-dar. 
inj, sada, awaz-i-bazgaslit. 
liiijlma, awaz ana. 
iinent, n. bay an, tozili. 
aunnaq, sliulirat, azmat. 

gall an, kasiif. 
I, rali-i-aftab, mintaqatu- 

1. diliqani gazal ya git. 
n. kbana-dari, kifayat- 
uzrasi, iubsat, tartib, inti- 

i. wfijd, be-kliiidi, nibayat 

naql. 

'irdab, bhanwar, iilti-dbar. 

Adan, bahisht. 

it'ir, dum, barb, kinara, lab. 

sanjaf, magzi. 

n, ab-dar batbyar, dbar- 
var. 
kbane-ke qabil-i-giza. 

farman, raqm, isbtibar- 

i, n. talim, tarbiyat, tadib, 

imarat, makan. 
alini d., tarbiyat k. 
luipna, niunta-shai* k. 
. cbbapa, cbapai. 
niolitnniini, taba ya cblia- 
aiir sbaya kuninda. 
V, tarbiyat k., talim d., 

• 

, n. tarbiyat, talim, par- 

nikalna, kbinclina, baliar 

;», V. sliirin k., millia k. 
n-HJiilii vii nuiclibli. 



Efifable, a. bayan kiye jane ke laiq. 
Efface, V. metna, metaua, cbbillna, 

hakk k., barbad k. 
Effect, V. karnd, baja lana, amal- 

men laua, paid a k., asar k. 
Effect, n, asar, tasir, natija, ^mal 

haqiqat. 
Effects, w. amwal, asbab, mal-o-mata, 
Effective, Effectual, Efficacious, a, 

muassir, kafi, mufid. 
Effectually, ad. kaniilana, bilkul. 
Effeminacy, n, na-mardi, buzdili, na- 

zuki. 
Effervescence, w. ubal, josb. 
Effete, a. be-jan, gaya-guzra, banjb, 

kbuslik. 
Efficacy, Efficiency, n. asar-numai, 

tasir-gari, qabiliyat. 
Efficient, v, kar-stiz, qabil, kafi, 

muassir. 
Effigy, n. siirat, shakl, sliabih, nigar, 

miirat, taswir. 
Effiate, V. phulana, pliiink-kar pbu- 

lana. 
Efflorescence, n. sbigiifa-iiwari, sbi- 

guftgi. 
Effluent, a. balita liua, dolut mand. 
Effluvia, 8, bbapb, bo, gandb. 
Effort, n. kosbisb, sai, jidd-o-jabad, 

ijtibad. 
Effrontery, n, gustakbi, slioklii, bc- 

sliarmi. 
Effulge, t\ jhalakna, cbamakna, da- 

mjikna. 
Effulgence, n. jila, jilwa, tajalli, rau- 

nuq, nur. 
Effulgent, a. jila-dar, jalwagar, mu- 

jalla, chamkila. 
Effuse, V. dbalna, dlialkiina, cbam- 

kana, cbamakna. 
Effusion, a. baluio, rczisb, jbalak^ 

rezi. 
Eft, n. ek qism ki cbbipkali ya tik- 
■ tiki. 

Egest, V. babar pbcnkna, bagna. 
Egg, n, an da, baiza. 
Egg, r. anda senji, targib d. 
Egging, n. targib, tabrik. 
Eglantine, n. nasrin, scwti. 
Egoist, n. wab sbaklis jo ajme wajiid 

ke siwi'i aur kisi ko na nuine. 
Eii'.'lisni, n. l<budi. kbudsilai. 



ELE 



94 



EMB 



Egotist, n. khud-farosli, kliiul-nun^. 
Egregious, a. ajib, iiiasliur, namwar. 
Egress, n, baramad, iiikas. 
Eight, a, ath, basht. 
Eigbteen, a, atbarab, hasbtdabum. 
Eigbtb, (I. atbwaii, liasbtuni. 
Eitlier, p. ki, ek, koi, ya. 
Ejacubite, v, pbenkua, chborna. 
Ejaculation, n. dua, dnriid. 
Eject, n. uikal d., kbarij k., xadd k., 

bar tar at' k. 
Ejection, n. ikbraj, radd. 
Ejectment, n. ikbraj -nama. 
Eke, V, ziyada k., sarba-rali k., ba- 

liam pabuncbana. 
Ebiborate, a. mukamnial, mustab- 

kuiu. 
ICbiborately, ad, mibnat-8c, diqqat- 

se, pukbla. 
]l]lancc, t'. pbenkna, cbalana, cbbor- 

na. 
Ebipsc, V, guzarna, guzasbta li., 

jata-rabna. 
Ebistic, a. cbinira, lacbila, danidar. 
Elasticity, n. cbinirbai, lacbak, dam. 
Elate, V. pbiihina, niagnir k., muta- 

kal)blr k., kbusb b. 
l^lbow, n. kubui, mirfiq, kona. 
Eld, n. unir ya sin men diisre-se 

barii. 
Ebler, a. jelbji. bara, kalan, auwal. 
Eldest, a. sab-se bara. 
Elect, n. bnrguzida, pasandida. 
Ebict, t;. ikbtiyar k.^ pasand k., cliun 

lona. 
]*]legance, ??. nazVi, lutf, kbuslinnmai. 
Elegant, a. latif, nazuk, naznin, 

kbi'isb, tub fa. 
Elegantly, ad, nazakat-se, nifasat-se. 
Elegy, n. marsiya, soz-gudazqasida. 
Element, n unsur, juz, sarisbt, ja, 

jagab. . 

Elementary, a. imsuri, asli, bunyadi, 

paldi. 
l^leplumt, w. batbi, fil, pil. 
Elepbantiasis, n. fil pa. 
]^]levate, v. ntbjina, barbana, buland 

k., sarfaraz k. 
]^]levate, a. lincba, buland, sarfaraz, 

mnmtaz. 
Elevation, w. bulandi, irtifii, uncbiii, 

sar-fanizl.. taraqi. 



Eleven, a. giarab, yazdeb. I ' 

Elf, n, pari, bubtna, biiiit, bona. ■ ^ 
Elf. V, jata banana, balon ko uljani 
Elicit, t?. nikalna, paida k. ■* 

Elide, r. bazf k., kat-dalnd. 
Eligible, a, laiq-i-ikbtiyar, manzm;!^ 

bib tari, pasand. "^ 

Elision, n, bazf, barf ka girao. 
Elixir, n. aksir, arq, ras. 
Elk, n. barab-singba, gawazn. 
Ell, n. sawa-gaz. 
Elm, 71. ek qism ka bara janglii 

darakbt. 
Elocution, n. fasabat, zabanawari. 
Klope, r.bbagna, cbampat b., finirb. 
Elopement, n. clh-unpat, bbag, firar, 

gurez. 
Eloquence, n. fasabat, balagbakr 

kbusb-goi. 
Eloquent, a, fasib, baligh, kbush- 

guftar. 
Klse, ;r. aur, diisrji, digar. 
Else, ad. nrabin-to, juz, ilia, wa- 

gar-na. 
Elsewbere, ad. aur-kabin, airr-jaga. 
Elucidate, v, bayan k., sanijhauiy 

wazib k., zabir k. 
Elucidation, n. tafsil, bayan. 
Eluctation, n. plmtan, bbagar, bba- 

jar. 
Klude, V. bacbna, cbbutnji, bild k. 
Elusive, a. babkan, bbulaii. 
Elute, V. dbo djihia. 
Elysium, n. bibisbt. 
Emaciate, v. dubla k., lagar k., na- 

bifk. 
Emaciatiow, n, dublai, lagan'. * 
Emaculate, v. dag utba lena, saf k. 
Emancipate, v. azad k., chhor di,. 

rib a k. 

Emancipation, n. azadi, takblis, ri- 

]» > 
lai. 

Embalm, v, kbusb-bii bbarna. 

Embankment, n. pusbta-bandi, hand. 

Embargo, n, jabaz-ke cbalnc ki sar- 

kari manai. 
Embark, r. jabaz-par charbna, masli- 

gulli. 
Embarrass, iK gbabrana, muztrib b. 
End)arrassed, «, bairan, sar-gardan, 

sijiz. [poch. 

Embarrai<smeiil. /?. izliiab, tai^ldr 



EMM 



D5 



KJSC 



l^^tubassy, w. elclii-gari, paigam. 
Umbellisli, v. arasta k., ariiish J., 

zeb d., singarna. 
Embellishment, n. zeb, zebaish, zi- 

nat, araislu 
Umbers, n. bhubhal, angare. 
Embezzle, v, kliijaiiat k., gliabii k., 



urana. 



f-^ 



Embezzlement, n. taliwil-ka torao, 

khiyiinat, chori. 
Emblem, n. alamat, nishan, namii- 

dar. 
Embrace, v, bagal-giri k., gale lag- 

na, agosh men lena, shamil k. 
Embrace, n. bagal-giri, ham-agosli. 
Embrasure, n. top ka jhai'oklui, 

fasil. 
Embrocate, v. bad an ke jis liisse 

men bimar ho nsko tar karke 

main a. 
Embroider, v. karchobi k., zanlozi 

k., chikan-dozi k., biita nikalna, 

gul-biita k. 
Embroidery, n. karchobi, zar-dozi, 

chikan-dozi. 
Embroil, v. barham k., fasad kar- 

wand, phasana. 
Embryo, Embryon, w. janin, paida 

bone wala. 
Emerald, 71. zamarrnd, panna. 
Emerge, v, nikalna, talii h., uthna. 
Emergency, n. liadisa, zariirat, afat, 

zuhur. 
Emerods, n. bawasir. 
Emery, n. kurand, ki'iranj. 
Emetic, n. mnqaiyi, qai-awar, qai ki 

dawa. 
Epaigrant, n. shahr badar, jala- 

watan. 
Emigrate, t?. apna mulk chhorna, 

j aid- w a tan h. 
Eminence, n. unchao, pushta, sar- 

fardziy buzm'gi, manzalat. 
Eminent, a. biiland, ala, buzurg. 



nami. 



Emir, n. turkon ka sardar. 

Emissary, n. jasiis, bhediya. 

Emit, V. nikalna, bhejna,.' dena, 

mahakna. 
Emmet, n. chunti. 
Emiiiew, V. piujre wagairon men 

baud k. 



Emmollient, a. mulaiyin dawa, 
nai-m-saz. [siuL 

Enioliinient, n. nafa, basil, iaida. 

Emotion, s, josh, iahar, mauj, an- 
desha. 

Empale, v. gherna, ihata k., siili d. 

Emperor, n. shahanshah, sultan. 

Em])hasia, n. lafz par zarb, yd zor,, 
takid. 

Emphatic, a. takidi, bhari, zordiya 

Empire, n. shahanshahi, bddshdhat, 

saltanat. 
Empiric, n. nim-hakim, kachcha- 

tabib. 
Employ, V. naukri men lagana> 

mashgiil h., khidmat d., istimal 

k., sai k., muqarrar k. 
Employment, 71. kam, kar-o-bar, 

shngl, khidmat, uhda. 
Emporium, n. hat, bazar. • 
Empower, v. ikhtiyar d., mukhtar 

k., qndrat d., tdqat d. 
Empress, n, malika, sultana. 
Emption, n, kharid. 
Empty, a, khali, tihi, sdnsan, khali- 

magz, be-bar. 
Empurple, v. ai-gawani k. 
Empyema, n. pib ka ijma. 
Eniulate, v. barabari k., hamsari k., 

gairat rakhud. 
Emulation, n, barabari, gairat, ham- 
sari, rashk. 
Emulgont, a, duhne wala. 
Emulous, a. gliairat iiiand, ghairat 

zada. 
Enable, v. quwwat d., maqdiir d., 

tawana k., qabil k. 
Enact, V. farmdna, liukm d., fatwd d. 
Enamel, n, mind, db, jila. 
Enamel, v. mindkari k. 
Enamour, v. dshiq h., farefta h., 

shefta k. 
Enate, a. phiit kar nikaltdJjua. 
Encamp, v. khima dalnd, nUnqdni k., 

derd k. 
Encampment, fj, khima-gdh, lash- 

kur-gah, j)ardo. 
Enchant, r. afsiin k., jddii k., 

mohnd. 
Enchnnter, n, jadugar, afsiingar, 

r^ahir. 



END 



9G 



ENG 



Enclianting, a. dil-fiireb, dil-lmr, | 

dil-knsli. , .. , \ 

EiK'haninioiit, n. afHiiugari, jiUUi- 

gari, silir. | 

Encliase, r. jaunia, jarao k., jarna. 
Eticliirulion, n. ek clihoti kitab jise 

hath men ba-asani le-clial sakeij. 
Encircle, v, ghenia, gird k., muha- 

sara k. 
Enclitic, w. harf-i-zaid jiske sabab 

se talaft'uz karne men zor posh in 

ruku ya hijjc par parta hai. 
Encloister, v, liujre goshe yii takiye 

nipn band k., nialiiif k. 
Enclose, y. glicrna, ihata bandlma, 

band k., bandhna. 
Enclosure, n. ghera, iliata, sadd, 

llfai'a. 
Encomium, n. i«irif, niadli, tahsin, 

afrin. 
Encompass, v, gherna, gird k., 

muhiisara k. 
Encounter, «. larai, jang, jadal, 

mulaqat. 
Encounter, v. larna, muliaraba k., 

muqjibala k., mulaqat k. 
Encore, v, phcr mangna, plier chah- 

na. 
Encourage, v. himmat d., diler k., 

khatir-jama k. 
EncourageuK'nt, n. taqwiyat, tasalli, 

himavat. 
Encroach, v, daat darazi k., dakhl 

k-, talawal k. 
Encroachment, n. dast darazi, na- 

liaqq. [rokna. 

Encumber, v. bojh d., ladna, atkana. 
Encumbrance, n. bojh-par-taarruz, 

man a, alkao, rok. 
Encyclope<lia, n. majma-ul-ulum. 
End, n, akhir, intiha, anjjini, tama- 

mi, rihlat, maut. 
End, V. tamam k., akhir k., nibahna. 
Endnng<'r, r. khatre mcTi dalna, 

mukhtara k. 
Endear, v. aziz raklma, piyar k. 
EiidearnH'ut, n. dil-dari, dil-nawazi, 

nawazish, muhabbat. 
Endeavour, r, sai k., qasd k., 

koshish k., mihnat k. 
Endeavour, n. sai, koHhish, jidd-o- 

jahd. 



] 



Endemic, a\ kisi niulk ko liye khjiR^ 
Endless, a. be-intihii, be-hudd, Ix*- 

shuniar, mudam. ■ ^ 

Endorse, v. dast-khatt k., sakarna. 
Endow, r. jhez d., wast' k., baklier-l ^ 
na. • I ^ 

Endowment, n. waqf, wasf, linnar. 
Endue, v, ata k., fazilat d., aql-l^ 

bakhshna. 
Endurance, n. bardasht, sabr, tab^ 

dawam, qiyam. 
Endure, r. bardaslit k., tahammulk^ 

rahna, qaim h., paedjir h. 
Enemy, n. dushman, adu, khasio, 

mnkhalif. 
Knergetic, a. muassir, qavi, mustali- 

kam. 
Energy, n. quwwat, qudrat, zor. 
Enervate, v, kamzor k., zaif k., na- 

tawan, k. 
Knfeof, V. qabza d., hawala k., jae- 

diid d. 
Enfeeble, v. kamzor k., natawau k., 

zaif k. 
Enforce, w. chalana, jari k., aTnal- 

men land, ganr k. 
Enfranchise, v, azad k., khalas k., 

chhonui. 
Engage, t\ raashgul h.. muqarrar k., 
kam men hina, khinchna, shart 
k., <piul k., giro raklma, larna 
Engagcnl, a. mashgul, inasnif, niusli- 

tagil. 
Engagement, n. kam, shugl, sliart, 

iqrar, larai, jang. 
Engaging, a. dil-kash, dil-nawaz, 

dil-fareb. 
Engarliind, v. phiil ki malapahnana. 
Engarris(m, v, qala ki mnhafazat ke 

liye sipahi muqarrar k. 
Engender, a. paida k., jannana, 
I janna. 

Engine, w. kal, alat, hathiyar. 
I Engineer, n. kal-saz, alat-saz, mimdr. 
j English, a. Angrez. 
; English, n. Angrezi. 
Englut, V. nigalna, Ulna, thusna. 
Engrave, v, kanda k., qalamkari k., 

khodna. 
Engraver, n. kanda-gar, muhr-kan. 
Engross, v. sab ajnas mol-lcna, 
mashgiil k., ?iif likhna. 



ENR 



97 



ENT 



Engulf, V. khalij men plienknti, jazb 
. karna. 
Enhance, v, qimat cliarluina, ziqada 

k., pesli-dasti k. 
Enhancement, n. barhti, zivadati. 



Enrohnent, 7?. ism-nawisi. 
Ensanguined, a. khun aliida, pur- 

khiin. 
Enscliedule, v. fahrist men mini dj'i- 

khil k. 



Enigma, n. muamma, ramz, cliistan, ! Enshrine, v, mutabarrak j an kar hi- 



i 



paheli. 
Enigmatical, a. muglaq, daqiq, 

muf>hkil. [k. 

Enjoin, v, farmaua, hnkm d., takid 
Enjoy, v. rakhna, tasarrufk., khushi 

k., kamydb h. 
Enjoyment, n, tasarruf khnshi, kam- 

yabi. 



9 - 



Enkindle, v, jaUna, ag-lagtina. 
Enlarge, v, barhana, kusliada k., 

ziyada k., azad k. 
Enlargement, n. barhao, kusluidgi, 

azadi, rihai. 
Enlighten, v. njla k., roshank., mn- 

nawwar k., tarbiyat k. 
Enlightened, a. roshan-nie, roshan, 

dil, sarih-i-kamal. 
Enlink, v. zanjir se band k., bah am 

bandhna. 
Enlist, V. bharti k., nam likhna. 
Enliven, v. zinda k., khush k., tez- 

fahm k. 
Enmesh, v. phande men phansna, ya 

ph an Sana. 
Enmity, n. dushmani, ada\yat, bngz, 

khnsiimat. . • 
Ennoble, v. sarfaraz k., musharraf 

k., niuazzaz k. 
Ennnl, n. mandngi, snsti, zuf. 
Enormity, n, shanirat, gunah-kabir, 

burai. 
Enormous, a. azim, bara, shadid, 

sharir, sakht. 
Enough, ad. has, kafi, kifayat. 
Enquiry, n, sawal, pursisb, istifham. 
Enrage, v. gussa k., gazabnak k., 

barham k. 
Enrapture, v. wajd karana, khushdil 

k., bjlg-bag h. 
Enravish, v. nihayat khusfhi se, be- 

khnd k., ya behawass k., bag-bag 

hond. 
Enrich, v. danlatmand k., tawangar 

i^*« laza jv« 
Enrol, V. ism-nawisi k., fihrist-par 

nam likhna. 



fazat men rakahna. 
Enshroud, v. poshida k., dhanpna, 

lapetna. 
Ensign, n. nishan, jhanda, nishan- 

bardar. 
Enslave, v. gulam k., banda k., tabi 

karna. 
Ensnare, v. phasana, giriffcar k. 



Ensue, r. bona, ajand, natija h. 
Ensure, v, zimma k., yaqin k., qtiim 

k arna. 
Entail, v, bandhna, shart se lagan a, 

charhana. 
Entangle, v, uljhana, phasiina, dar- 

ham-barham k. 
Enter, v. bhitar ana, dakhil h. 
Enterprise, n. sakht kani, niuhim, 

kar-i-azim. 
Enterprising, a. himmati, diler, jan- 

baz. 
Entertain, t\ mihmani k., ziyafat k., 

guft-o-gii k., bahlana, khiish k., 

qabiil k., rakhna. 
E]ntertainer, n, milimandar, mezbiin. 
Entertainment, n. mihmandari, ziya- 
fat, tamasha, khnshi. 
Enthril, v, chhedna, bedhna, chii- 

bhana. 
Enthrone, r. takht-par baithana. 
Enthusiasm, n. sargarmi, gairat, 

khiyal-i-batil, ta'assub, shauq. 
Enthusiast, n. sargaram, atash-mi- 

zaj, muta'asi, pur-josh. 
Entice, v. wargahana, phuslana, fa- 

reb d., targib d. 
Enticement, n, targib, igwa, jazb, 

dil-farebi. 
Entire, a. tamam, kul, kjiniil, sara, 

piira. 
Entirely, ad, bil-kul, sarasar, savba- 

sar. 
Entitle, r. haqq-dar k., mustahiqq 

k., khiUib d., nam d., sarnania 

likhna. 
Entitled, a. haqq-dar, muslaliiqq, 

khitab-dar. 



M 



EPl 



98 



VAiU 



Kntoil, V. phansjiiiji, pliande yajj'il Epidemic, a. iiluiila. Ima, amm, iraba, 



iiKMj piikarna. 



Epigram, n. latifa, zarifa, iiibai. 



Entomb, V. gliarna, dafan k., gor d. > Epilopsy, n. mirgi. 

Entrails, 7(. aiitriyan, anten, rode. | Epilogne, ?2. kliatama, naql, qissa. 



Entrance, 7i, dakhl, danimad, rasi, 

darwtiza, dakliila. 
Entrance, v, gash-men dalna, be- 

klmd k., be-liosh k. 
Entrap, v, pliasiina, giriftar k., jal se 

pakarna. 
Entreat, t\ iltija k., iltimas k., 

darkliwast k. 
Entreaty, 7i, iltija, iltimas, niyaz, 

darkliwast. 
J'jitry, n, rastti, darwaza, bdr-yabi, 

dakliul, refyat, aghaz. 
Enncleate, v, ssif k., ay an k., hal k., 

post-diir k., bal-dur k. 
Ennmernte, v. ginmi, sliumar k., 

mazki\r k. 
Ennmeration, ??..'ginti, slinmiir. 
I<]nnnciate, v. zaliir karna, bayan k. 
Ennnciution, n, diiwa, izluir, tallaf- 

I'llZ. 

I^]nveiope, n. lifafa. gilaf, kliol. 
Envelope, v, malfiif k., lapetna, 



Episode, w. bat-men bat, qissa dar 

qissa. 
Epistle, n. kliatt, nama, mqqa,mak- 

tiib. 
Epistolary, a. kliatti, maktubi. 
Epitaph, n. kntab-i-qabr, yadgar. 
Epithalamium, ;/. sarod-i-niksih, 

ariis-alai, ghore ya banne ka git 
Epithet, n, Katjab, sitat khitab, nam. 
Epitome, n. ikhtisar, muklitasar, 

khulasa. 
Epocli, 71. tarikh, san, zamana. 
Epode, n. qasida kti tisra. ya akliir 

tukra. 
Epopee, n, woh niasnawi jis mes 

mumtaz bahaduron ki baliaduri k^ 

bay an rah til hai. 
E(}ual, a. barabar, eksan, hamwar. 
E(]nality, w. barabari, musdwat, 

hamsari, 
Eqnally, ad, barabar, eksan. 
Equanimity, n. qarar, itidal, dhiraj, 

sabar. 



Et 



dhan})na. 
EnTenom, v. zahr-aluda k., .:ahr-dar | Equator, «. ^hjilt-i-istiwa. 

k. I Eipicstrian, a. sawari, sawar. 

Envermeil, v. surkh rangna. j E(|nidistant, a. liani fasila, ham ddr. 

Enviable, a. wajib-ul-hasad, qabil-i- j Equilateral, n, charon taraf barabar. 

rashk. I Equilibrium, n. han^-wazam, itid^. 

Envious, a. hasid, hasild, bad- ,' .Equinox, n. itidal-i-lail-o-nahar, roz- 

chashm. • | o-shab ki barabari — vernal, itidil- 

Environ, r. gherna, ihata k., "muha- | i-rabi — ahtumnal, itidal-i-kharifi. 

sara k. i Equip, v, musallah k., larai ke ha- 

Environs, n, gird-pesh, atraf, paira- ' thiyar bandhna, arasta, k., saz-o- 

man. i saman d. 



Envoy, iu elchi, wakil-i-biidshah. 
Envy, n, hasad, rashk, hasrat, bad- 

chashmi. 
Envy, V. hasad k., rashk k., kina 

rakhna. 
Enwheel, v, gherna. 
Ephemeris, n, rozntimcha, taqwim. 
p]])ic, a. nazm ya masnavi baha- 

daron aur namwaron ke karniir 

mon ki. 
Epicure, n. shikam-parwar, aiyash. 
Epicycle, n. ck chhota daira jis-ka 



Equipage, ??. saranjam, lawazima, 

sawari. [sif. 

Equitable, n. haqq, rast, adil, mun- 
Equity, 72. insaf, adl, rasti, haqq. 
Equivalent, a. ham-qimat, barabar 

ham-taqat, iwaz. 
Equivocal, a. do-man i-dar, miibham, 

mashkuk. 
Equivocate, r. pench-panch ki bat 

k., zabj'in palatna. 
Equivocation, n. do-mani ki bat. 



ponch-panch ki bat. 
markaz bare daire ko muhit men Eipiery, n. ghoron ka diiroga ya ni- 
hota hai, ! gahban. 



KSP 



00 



EUN 



\, tankli, saria, sikka, sambat. I Espy, v, takna, diir-se deklina. 



ition, w. khuriij -i-sliua, kiran 
tna. 

;ate, v, ukliarna, bekh-kana 
lest-o-nabiid k. 
V, mi tan a, metna, chliil dalna, 
kk. * 

re, n. naskh, irifibv, hakk. 
.d, peshtar, pesh-az-in, age, 
:e. 

a. kliara, istada, mustaqini. 
V, uthana, kliara k., tamir k., 



Ina. 



g, ad, tliore dinon men, chand- 

dat. 

be, n, goslia nisliin, sahra 

in, zahid. 



Esquire, n. bahadur, ek laqab rasnii 

jo kliatut men likbajata hai. 
Essay, n, qasd, sai, azmaisb, aymv 

jawab, mazmiin, risala. 
Kssay, v. qasd k., kosbish k. 
Essence, n. m^biyat, jaubar, asl, wa- 

jiid, kbulasa, atr. 
Rssential, a. sabi, zati, zanir, siif, 

pak. 
Essoin, n, uzr, mudfi, ribai. 
Establisb, v. qaim k., muqarar k., 

tliabrana, nasab k. 
Establisbed, a. muqarrar, mnjiiyan, 

qaim, cbalni, raij. 
Establisbment, n, ba^ti, qiyam ia- 

qarrur, qaniin, tankbwab. amad. 



ad. iswaste, lebaza, is liye. Estate^ n. milk, miras, bal, babit, 



;, a. babasdar, linjjati. 
3, n, qaqum, ek ebbota janwar 
ska sumbiir. 
V. kbajana, katdalna. 
, a. isbqi, mubabbat ke mu- 

cbiikna, kbata k., gumrab b. 
I, n, paigam, payam, sandesa. 
, n. galat-nama. 
n. galti, cbiik, kbata, gunab. 
ous, a. darogb, gbalat, na- 
b, na-rast, batil. 
ion, n, ilm, fazilat, qabliyat. 
on, n, nikal, kbunij, pbiinsi, 
ill, fawwara. 
dc, n, kamand-andazi. 
;, n. bacbao, bbagna, gurez, 
t. 

', t?. bacbna, bbagna, cbbiitna. 
\ n, jalne ka dagb, gbao ka 
1. 

it, n, la-waris mal, naziil. 
V, V. tark karna, cbborjana, 
rakbna. 

, n, badraqa, sawari. 
nt, n, kburdani, khanc ke 
1. 

al, a. kbass auwal, afzal. 
illy, ad, kbusiisan, awwalan. 
ade, n, maidan. 
jals, n, nikdb, byali ; bimayat, 
'arisb, bifazat. 

56,' V, byab k., aqd-i-nikab 
ibna, madad L, laid k. 



martaba, sarkar. 
Esteem, n. qadr, izzat, itibar, kbatir. 
Esteem, n, aziz jannii, qadr r., sa- 

majbna. 
Esteemed, a. aziz, miiazzaz. 
Estimable, a. mntabar, miiazzaz, iz- 

zat-ke qabil. 
Estimate, n. baraward, bisab, qivi'us. 
Estimate, v. andaza k., tasbkbis k., 

qiyas k. 
Estimation, n, andaza, nie, qiyjis, 

izzat, qadr. 
Estival, a, garmtii, tabistani. 
Estrange, v, began a k., ji-ntbaiia. 
Estuary, n, samundar-ki kluiri. 
Etcontera, ad. wa-gaira, isitarali. 
Etcb, V. tanbe ke kbode buo pattar 

par cbbapa k. 
Eternal, a, azali, abadi, jawedan, 

daim. 
Eternally, ad, mudam, bamcsba. 
Eternity, n. azal-o-abad,' mudawa- 

raat, bamesbagi. 
Etber, n, hawa-i-kbalis, qism-i-dawa. 
Etbereal,'a. asmaui, samawi, bawai. 
Etbics, n. ilm-i-akblaq, pand-ndma. 
Etiquette, n, adab, adab, takalluf. 
Etui, n. jcbialat ka gilaf. 
Etymology, n. sarf, isbtiqaq, wajb- 

i-tasmiya. 
Etymon, n, asl, asli lafz, masdar, 

mad da. 
Enloginm, n. tarif, madb, j<ana. 
Eunueb, ?^ kboja, kliwaja-siara, bij i;a. 



i 



EVI 



100 



EXC 



European, a. farangi, wilayati. 
Eu taxy, n. muqarrar, band-o-bast, 

^ntiziirn, tartib. 
E vacuate, v. kliali k., nlkdlna. 
Evacuation, n, ikbraj, tark, tiyag. 
Evade, v. talna, bachna, babana k. 
Evagation, n, gasht, sair, gumrahi. 
Evanescent, a. fani, zawal, pazir, 

elialta-bua. 
Evangelical, a, muwafiq-i-injil. 
Evangelist, w. injil-nawis, injil-ko 

niushtabar karne wala. 
Evangelize, v, injil ka waz k., 

I'suwi mazhab-men Ian a. 
Evaporate, v. ur-j ana, bawd lioj and. 
Evaporation, n, bukliar hoke urna, 

bbaph hojana. 
Evasion, n. talniatol, bahandj^ hila 

sazi. 
Evasive, a. bilii-baz, dbokha-biiz, 

gol-gol. • 
Even, a. barabar, liamwdr, mustawi, 
sidha. [hi. 

Even, ad, blii, hi, waqai, sacb, waisa- 
Evening, n, sliam, sanjh. 
Evenness, n, haniwari, banibari. 
Event, n. sar-guzasht, waqia, majra, 

natija, pbal. 
Even til ate, v. chhannd, jhama. 
Eventful, a, pur hadisa, gardisbi. 
Ever, ad. kabbi, kadlii, hargiz, liar- 

dani, haniesba. 
Evergreen, a. sada-baliar, liameslia 

tiiza. 
Everlasting, a. abdi, azli, jawi- 

dan, qaim. 
Evermore, ad. bamcslia, sada, mu- 

dam. 
Evert, V. barbal k., nest-o-nabtid k. 
Every, a, kar, bar-ek, ek-ek, sab. 
Everyday, n. har-roz, din-din. 
Everywhere, ad, har-jagali, har-ka- 

hiu, charon taraf. 
Evidence, n. gawahi, shahadat, dalil, 

isbat, gawah, shiihid. 
Evident, a, zahir, aytio, maslihiir, 

malum. 
Evidently, ad, zahiran, sarilian. 
Evil, a, bura, bad, zabiin, khwar, 

kharab. 
Evil, n. bunii, zabiini, shararat, afat, 
bala. 



Evil-minded, a, bad-batin^ bad-afl-l 

desh. 

Evil-speaking, n. bad-goi, aib-golfc- 
Evince, v, zahir k., dikhlaua^ dalil I i' 
pesh k. W^ 

Evite, V, baz-rahnii, guvez k. I 'i 

Evoke, V. bulana, pukama, kbinclini' 
Evolve, V. udhernii, suljhandy khol- 

na. 
Evolve, 1?. udbenia, suljhdndy kbol- 

na. 
Evomition, n, qai, radd, chhant. 
Evulsion, n, iikbar, nochdalnd. 
Ewe, n. bheri, merhi. 
Ewer, n. dftaba, jhdri, karwd. 
Exact, a. tbik, durust, saliih, mun- 

tazam. 
Exact, V. talab k., taqaza k., daU 

ke lend. 
Exactness, n. dumsti, bardbari, sSar\ 

hat, bariki. 
Exaggerate, v, mubdlega k., lamU 

cliaurd k. 

Exaggeration, n. mubdlega, tiil-i- 

kaidm. [L 

Exalt, «. barhand, sarfardz k., tahsin 

Exaltation, n, bulandi, irtifd, sarfa- 

rdzi, taraqqi. 
Exalted, a, sarfaraz, sarlmland. 
Examination, n, initihdn, tajwiz, 

tajruba, taftish. 
Examine, v. dzmdna, taftish k., taj- ' 

wiz k. 
Examiner, n. mumtahin, tajruba kar. 
Example, n. namiind, namiiddr, rasm^ 

masal. 
Exanimate, a, bejdn, murda, afsutda, 

pazmurda, dil-tang. 
Exasperate, v. khafd k., gussa k., 

khijdnd, ndkhush k. 
Exarch, n, padri kd khitdb naib, 

nawdb. 
Excavate, r. khodnd, gomd, kliokh- 

Id k., garhd k. 
Excavation, n, khoddi, garlid, kho- 

khla, khokh. 
Exceed, v, ziydda h., barhnd. 
Exceeding, a. bahut, nihdyat, bisydr. 
Excel, V, afzal h., bihtar h., sabqat 

lejdnd. 
Excellence, n. fazdat, fauqiyat, tar- 
jih. qadr, lutf, khiibi. 



EXC 



101 



EX II 



y, w. liazrat, buzurgi, khii- 

lai. 

, a. fjizil, sliarif kliaHs, 

pr. siwii, ba-jiiz, ba-gair, 

». cLhor d., farogiizaslit k., 

k. 

I, n. chhut, tark, istisna. 

. chlianna niktilna. 

. cliuu leua, clmgna. 

. bohutat, kasrat, ziyadati, 

, a. nihayat, ziyada, balmt. 
^ly, ad, bahut, be-hadd, be- 

• 

', n. adla badli, mnawaza. 
, V. badalna, adla-badli k., 
ja k. 

r, n, baitul mal> amadni ka 
u, kliaztinii. 

iiialisiil. 

uthiiiia, clilierna, targib d., 

• 

lit, n. talirik, targib, hai- 

ial)rdliat. [k. 

V. chillana, pnkarnd, shor 

ion, n. slior, giil, faryad, 

»'a\vaila. 

V. nikal d., kharij k., mah- 

, n, ikliriij, mahnimi, phi- 

r-s:'izi. 

, a. alawa, masiwa, clibor- 

ily, ad. alawa, siwa. 

I, n. kliaulana, iibalnd. 

tc, V. ganr kar ke nikalna, 

)a k., ijad k. 

im'cate, v. miisahabat-se ni- 

Tifiahriini k. 

luicution, n, ikhraj, bcdakh- 

3, V. cliliilua, cliamralikbar- 

on, n. kliarasb, ragar, 

it, ??. glib, galiz, alaisli. 

lice, 11. massa, pbnnsi. 

nt, a. kisi diisri cbiz se 

ar iiikaliicwaUi. 

t<', V. zizab k., azar k., diikh 



Exculpate, r. be-guiiah tlialiranji, 

mu'af k. 
Excursion, n. sair, gasht, tjikht. 
Excusable, a. mazi'ir, wajib-ul-uzr, 

qabil-i-'afu. 
Excuse, v. uzr k., bat banana, 

muaf k. 
Excuse, w. uzr, babana, mazarat, 

muaf, afii. 
Execrable, a. makriih, karili, milun. 
Execrate, ». kosnil, knat k., gali d., 

sardp d. 
Execration, n. lanat, sarap. 
Execute, v, kania, bajalana, taiuani 

k., qatl k., niardalna. 
Execution, «. amal, ada, karguzari, 

qatl. 
Executioner, n. jallad, qatil. 
Executor, n. wasi, aniil, kar-kun. 
Exegesis, w. sbarh, tafsil, tasrih, bay- 

an, tabir. 
Exemplar, n. namiina, nazir, misal. 
Exemplary, a. ibrat-nunia, maqiil, 

nek^ nasih. 
Exemplify, v, misal dena, ibrat-se 

baydn k., tamsil d. 
Exempt, V, azad k., kbalas k., bacLa r. 
Exemption, n, muafi, azadi, bachao, 

riliai. 
Exenterate, v, anten nikalna, "pet 

chir kar antnriyan nikalna. 
Exequies, n, kafan dafn ki rasin, taj- 

hiz-o-takfin ki rasm. 
Exercise, n, istiamal, sliugl, riyiizat, 

amal, qawaid. 
Exefrcise, v. istiamal k., shugl k., 

amal k,, mfisliq k., mabarat k. 
Exert, V, koshish k., jidd-o-jalid k., 

tandibi k., 
Exertion, w. kosliisb, sai, jidd-o-jalid, 

tandibi. 
Exertnation, n. kliad-kbadahat, libal. 
Exfoliate, v, clihil dalna, cldiilka 

utarna. 
Exhalation, w. bukbar, bliapb, tab- 

khir. 
Exhale, v, bukliar utbaiia, tabkbir 

k., mabakna. 
ExbauBt, V. kbali k., kbarch k., 

sarf k. 
Exhaustible, a. zawal pazir, sukhne 

wala. 



i 



EXP 



102 



EXP 



Exhibit, V, ziibir k., diklilanji, asli- 

kari'i k. 
Exhibition, n. izhar, dikhlai, namu- 

dari, iamasha. 
Exhilarate^ v, khush k., shad k., bag 

bag k., niasriir k. 
Exhilaration, n. khiishi, tafrih, farhat. 
Exhort, V. nasihat d., waz k., targib d. 
Exhumation, v. qabr se murde ko 

. khod-kar niktilna. 
Exigency, Exigence, n. ihtiyaj, zarii- 

rat, t an gi. 
Exile, n, jalawatan, shahr-baddari, 

shalir-badar, bewatan. 
Exile, y. jalawatan k., shahr-badar k. 
Exile,. <7. chhota, patla, dubla. 
Exhilition, n. kiid, kiidan. 
Exiniious, a. umda, khiib. 
JCxist, V, bona, rahna, zinda h. 
Existence, /*. hasti, wajiid, biid, 

zindagi, hayat. 
Existent, a. maujiid, hota, zinda. 
Exit, n. rawangi, kiich, maut, riikh- 

sat. 

V^V^ ' f ^- ^^^^lik, qatil, haliikii. 

Exode, 71. naql-bazi ka akhir hissa. 
Exodus, n, kuch, rawangi. 
Exonerate, v. azad k., subakbar k. 
Exorable, r. uzr-pazir, mulaim. 
Exorbitant, a. nihayat, be-andaz, be- 

liadd, be-qiyas, zeyadti. 
Exorcise, v, bhut nikal d. ya utarna, 

j barn a, phiinkna. 
Exordium, n, dibaja, ibtida, khutba. 
Exosseous, a. bc-haddi ka. 
Exoteric, a, beriini, zahiri, niashhiir. 
Exotic, a. bidesi, ajnabi, garib. 
Expand, v. phailana, bichhanii, khol- 

na, farakh k. 
Expanse, n. wasat, darazi, asnian 

bis tar. 
Expansion, n. pliailai, khushadagi, 

bichliao, wasat. 
Expatiate, V. barhana, nazarkushnda 

k., tal'sir k., bayiin k. 
Expatriate, v. shahr badar k. 
Expect, V, nih dekhna, intizar k., 

ummed r. 
Expectant, a. muntazir, ummedwar., 
Kx[)ectation, n, intizar, ummed, ta- 

waipjul". 



Expediency, n, munasabat, liyi 

sazawari. 
Expedient, a, munasib, laiq, a 

war, shaista. 
Expedient, n, tadbir, ilaj, tadai 

char a. 
Expedite, v, tajil k., jaldi k., shi 

k., asan k., sahal k. 
Expedition, n. jaldi, shitabi, chal 

azimat, ujlat, takht. 
Expeditious, a. jald, shitabkar,cL 

chalak, tez-ro. 
Expel, V. hankna, nikal d., khar 
Expend, v. kharch k., sai'f 

lagiina. 
Expended, a. masriif, kharch 

gaya, m'azul. 
Expense, n. kharch, sarf, qimai 
Expensive, a. kharchi, musrif, i 

qimati, garanbaha, faziil khai 
Experience, ?i. imtihan, tajriba, 

qifkari, azmiida-kari. 
Experience, r. azmaish k., tajrib 

bardasht k. 
Experienced, a. azmiida-kar, wa 
Experiment, n, azmaish, imti 

tajriba. 
Expert, a, chust, chalak, waqif- 

kar-azmuda. 
Expiable, a. kafara-pazir, nnm 

i-takfir. 
Expiate, v. kafara d., takfii 

gunah mitana, tabah k. 
Expiation, n. kafara, takfir, sac 
Expiatoryj a. kafara-mansub, ta 

kuninda, badla karne w. 
Expiration, n, damshiimari, tan£ 

akhirat, anjam, maut. 
Expire, v, dam clihiitna, mi 

akhir h., guzar-jana, fot h. 
Explain, v. batana, samjhana, 

yan k , sharah k., zahir k. 
Explanation, n. bay an, tafsir, ti 

tashrih, t'abir, sharah, jawal 
Explanatory, n. musharrih, ba; 

tafsir-numa, tafsili. 
Expletion, n. tamami, anjam. 
Expletive, w. takya-kalam, su 

takya. 
Explicate, v, wazah k., zahai 

sharah k. 
Explication, w. bayan, taf.sil, ta 



EXP 



10.3 



EXT 



a. sjif, sarih, wilzili, zaliir. 



y, ad, saf-saf„ sarih an, 
11 k. 



Expurgate, v. sal" k.. j»;ik k., ntila- 



dalna, iiirmal k., (iiiodalnji, ilur k. 
Exquisite, a. nafis, latif, badi, lui- 
V. pliiitna, na-pasand k., 1 dir, bisyar, kliul). 
I k., be-rawaj k., ddr k. Exsanguious, v, be-klnin. 

n. muliimm, kai*-i-azim, Exscind, v. kat-dalnii. 
varnainah. Exsect, v. katdiiina, kat kar baliri 

kama. 
Exsiccate, v, suklijina, kliushk karna. 
Exsuccous, a. be ras, kluislik, siikhg,. 
Extancy, n. cLarliao, lincliai, uikas. 
! Extant, a. maujiida, baqi, raij. 



V, dhundlind, kliojna, tajas- 
taf-tisli k.j talash k. 
n, n. dliaraka, karak, awaz, 
., chlmtna, bhak-se ur- 



t, n, quwwat-nuraa, daliilat. 

:;. diisre mulk men bhejna. 

n. raftani, irsal, ajniis jo 

luulk-men blieje jaen. 

V. fash k., ashkara k., zahir 

hna, .diilJiii'j pardari k. 

)u, n. tafsil, bayan, be-pard- 

lui. 

r, n. niufassir, mani-numa, 

kuninda, sharali. 

ate, V, takrar k., radd-o- 

L., hujjat k. 

ation, n. radd-o-badal, sa- 

vab, takrav. 

', n, izhar, ifsha, waza, 

•i, parda-dari, taslihir. 

, r. tafsil k., bayan k., 

I k., sanij liana. 

V. batana, kahna, zahir k., 

d., nichorna. 

a. saf, zahir, De-shakk, 
la, makhsiis. 

n: qasid, paik, paigam, 

• 

)n, n. lafz, boli, kalam, 
5, izhar, bayan, niclior. 
re, a. pur-matlab, bakhiibi 
k. w., zahirhone wala, 
bah. 

y, ad, takid se, qasdan, 
, sarih an. 

,te, V, malaniat k., ilzani d., 
a k. 

ate, V. apni cliiz diisre ko 
[I, xarK K» 

V. fatha k., liamla karke- 
tna. 

1, n. ikhrdj, dafa, nikala. 
, V. metna, mitana, chhilna, 
mama, liakk k. 



Extasy, n. be-kluidi. 
Extemporaneous, Extemporary, a. 

ainwaqt par kaluigaya, bar-mahal. 
Extempore, ad. nagahani, filbadiha, 

be-andesha. 
Extend, v. phaihina, barhana, da- 

raz k., lanba k., taniui. 
Extension, n, phaihio, darazi, ku- 

shadgi. 
Extensive, a, phaila, kushada, 

wasi, tawil, banl. 
Extent, n, wasat, itiil, pahntii, lambai, 

chaurai. 

• 

Extenuate, v. kam k., takhfif k., 

maziir k., ghatanj'. 
Extenuation, n, ghatti, kamti, takh- 
fif, uzr, pozisli. 
Exterior, a, bahiri, henini, khariji. 
Exterminate, v, ukhar d., nest-o- 

nabud k., istisal, k., dafa k. 
Externaination, n, ukhar-pachhar, 

bekh-kani, paimdli, barbadi. 
External, a, bahiri, beriini, zahiri, 

khariji. 
Externally, ad, zahrin, suratan, 

zahir men. 
Extinct, a. bujha, hua, gul, madiim 

mauqiif, murda, nest. 
Extinguish, v. bujhana, thand^i k., 

mitana, nabud k. 
Extinguisher, n, bujhaue-wala, gul- 

gir, gultarash. 
Extirpate, v, ukhaniti, bekh-kani k., 

mitana. 
Extol, V, sarahna, t.-jrif k., hamd k., 

tahsin k., seta-ish k. 
Extort. V, zabardasti se lena, khinch 

lena, jabran lelena. 
Extortion, n. zabardasti, dastdarazi, 

zulm, jor-o-jafa. 



1 



F.VE 



104 



FAC 



Extortionor, n, ilastdarilz, zabardast. I Eye-j[^lass, n. chaslima, aiii:ik. 



Extract, v. istikhraj k., nikal-lena, 

intiklu'ib k., cliun lona. 
Extract, n. magz, araq, muntakliib. 
Extraction, n. intikhab, istikhraj, 

asl, nasi, nasal). 
Extrajudicial, a, bc-ain, bc-zabta, 

be-dastiir. 
Extramnndano, a. dunyd ke babar. 
Extraneous, a. bogana, ajnabi, garib. 
Extraordinary, a. ajab, ajib, garib, 

nddir. 
Extravagance, n. bo-andazgi, be- 

dasturi, faziil-kliarchi, israf. 
Exravagant, u, be-tartib, bad-waza, 

fiizul-kbarch, mufris. 
Extravasate, v. niunasib rag sc utar- 

na, jaise kbiin jamjana. 
Extraversion, n, baliir i)lienkna. 
Extrenie, n. akhir, azim, niliayat- 

zivada, asliad. 
Extreme, n, akhirat, anjam, in till a, 

gayat^ hadd. 
Extremely, ad, nib ay at, ba-sliiddat, 

ba-gayat. 
Extremity, n. dkhirat, intiha, an- 
jam, gay at, liadd, ihtiyaj, zuiiirat, 

ajizi. 
Extricate, r. cbborana, azad k., 

khalas k., riba k. 



Eyelid, n. i)apota, palak, i)arda-i, 

cliashm. 
Eyesigbt, n. dida-i-chasbni, diilar- 

binai. 
Eyesore, n, aijkbon ka kant/u ua- 

kbush numd. 
Eyewitness, n. sluibid, gfiwab. 
Eyot, n, ek cbhotti tapii. 
Eyre, n. daure ke luikkam. ki 

kachabri, djiir sair ki kaeliabri. 
Eyry, n. sliikari cbirya ka gboijsla. 



F. Angrczi banlf taliajji ka cliliat 

harf. 
Fable, n. qissa, kahitni, liikaya 

das tan, naql. 
Fable, r. qissakahna, bikfiyat kalni 
Fabled, a. qisse ya naql men kal 

giya. 
Fabric, n, iniafat, bina, makii 

baweli. 
Fabricate, t'. banana, ikblira '. 

utliana. 
Fabulous, a. jbiilba, baniii bj 

sakbt, darogb, qissa amez. 
Facade, n. inifirat ka rukli ya sai 

na, gbar ka agwar. 



Extrinsic, a. babiri, kbariji, zabiri. Face, n. niuijb, mnkb, cbilira, : 

arizi. ! rukb, siirat, zaliir. 

Extrudo, V, tbelna, dbakiyana, dba- | Face, v. samne h., muqabala k., i 



kelna, babar k., kbarij k. 
Extrusion, n. nikas, ikbraj. 
Exuberance, Exuberancy, n. faziili, 

kasrat, if rat. 
Exuberant, a. farawan, ziyada, kasir. 
Exudation, n, pasina, ris o ras, araq. 
Exude, V. pasijna, j)asina nikalna. 
Exult, f. kliiisb b., sbad-dil b., 

fakbr k. 
Exultation, n. kbusbi, sbadi, basba- 

sbat, fakbr. 
Exustion, n. jalao, jalna, sokbtgi. 
Exuviie, 11. postin. kjiinchli, post. 
Eyap, w. baz ka bacbclia, be-par. 
]!lye, 71. ankb, cbasbm, dida, nazar, 

ni«ab. 
Eyebrow, n. abri\, bbaun. 
Eyedrop, n. linsu, asbk. 
Eyelasb, n. uiizbgan, papni, palak. 



ba-n\ ana, — to face dowiiy v. da 

ran a muqabla k. 
Face to face, ad, amne-sanuie, i 

ba-rii. 
Facetious, a, la ti fa-go, zarif, kliui 

taba. 
Facilitate, v, iisan k., sahl 

sabaj k. 
Facility, n, asani, subiilat, niulji; 

mat, narmi, riwaj, tezi. 
Facing, a samne, muqabil, ru-ba- 
Facinorous, a, nihtlyat kbarab, b; 

zat. 
Fact, n. kiim, fial, kar, baqiq 

waqab. 
Faction, n. bandisli, sazisb, fas 

fitna. 
Factious, a. fasadi, fitua-an^ 

taraf-diir, niufsid. 



FAL 



105 



FAM 



Pactitious, a. amli, masnai, saklita. 
Factor, n. gumashtd^ kar-kun, kar- 
pardaz. 
' Factory, n. kothi, kdr-kliaua, go- 
; dam. 

' J Factotum, n. naukar, harkara. 
• Faculty, w. istidad, qabliyat, qiiw- 

wat, wuqiif, taqat, hoshyari. 
t Facundity, ». fasahat, balagat. 
'\ Fade, t?. kumlana, murjhand, pazli- 
•l • murda h., be-rang h., zail h. 
'-% Faded, a, kuinla-gaya, pazh-murdd, 
) halka. 

', Fadge, v, muwafiq h., rautabiq h. 
Ffig, V. tliakna, mauda h., mihuat k. 
'^ Fag-end, n, utar, fuzla. 

,t Fagot, n. anthi, gattha, gatthar. 
^4* Pail, V. chiikna, kam h., madiim k., 
** dewaliya h., clihorna, qasir h. 
'^ Failing, «. aib, khata, qusiir. 
■^ Failure, n, ghatti, kamti, qusiir, 
f dewaliya. 
:■■ Fain, a, khush, maliziiz. 

Faint, a. zaif, natawan, mdnda, zail, 
» pMka, nabuland, dhima, dil-tang. 
I Faint, v. gash-ana, be-hosh h., 
I afsurdd b., manda h., zaif h., dil- 
l tang h. 

t Fainting, w. gash, murchha, be- 
^ hoshi. 
; . Faintness, n, gash, natawani, zaifi, 

susti. 
' Fainty, a. natwdn, ziaif, kamzor. 
- Fair, a. gora, khiibsiirat, saf, basin, 
rast, imanda-dar. 
Fair, n. mela, hat, aurat, painth. 
. Fairly, ad. rasti-se, khiibsiirti se, 

^ thik-tttik. 

i Fairness, «. safedi, gorai, khiibsii- 

f rati, rasti, sadaqat. 

Fair-spoken, a, khliq, shirin zaban. 

Fairy, «. pari, pari-zad, jadii-garni. 

Faith, n. din, iman, itiqad, bawar, 
\ bharosa, tawakkul, iniandari, wa- 

tfd,ddri, niyat, dharam. 
Faithful, a, imdn-dar, diyanat-dar, 
wafd-dar, sadiq, nimak-halal. 
Faithfulness, n, diyanat-dari, T»afa- 
ddri, sadaqat, rasti. 
\ Faithless, a. be-iman, be-wafd, na- 
raak-harim, khiydnati. 
Falchion, n, shamsher, teg, tega. 



Falcon, n. shahin, shali-baz, baz. 

Falconer, n. baz-dar, shikari, bahc- 
liya. 

Faldstool, n. dozdnii baithne ki 
chpki. 

Fall, i\ gima, parna, utama, ghatna 
— away, patla h., lagar h., bagawat 
k., irtidad k. — hack, hatna, baz- 
rahna, paspa h. — down, girparna, 
sijda k. — in, ittifaq k., razi h., 
([abiil k., — upon, agaz k., shurii 
k., hajiim k.; humla k. — out, qnzi- 
ya k., waqe h., ittifaq k. 
— to, shurii k., agaz k. — under, 
farmanbardar h., tartib men h. 

Fall, n, girao, uftjidagi, ghatti, kam- 
ti, zawal, jhari, arzaui, dhal, pasti. 

Fallacious, a. jhiitba, makr-amez, 
hila-baz, farebi. 

Fallacy, w. jluith, makr, mugalta. 

Fallen, a. gir-para, uftada, zail. 

Fallible, a. nisiyan-pazir, chukne- 
wala, qusiir war. 

Falling star, n. shaliab, tiit-ta hiia 
sitara. 

Fallow, a. banjar, nd-mazriia, khalL- 

False, a. jhiith, darog, kazib, faro- 
bi, bad-nihdd. 

False-hearted, a. bad-batiuy bad-ni- 
had. 

Falsehood, \ n. jhiith, darog, kizb. 

Falsity, J tazwir, fareb. 

Falsely, ad, jhiith-miith, be-wafiii- 
se, fareb-se. 

Falsify, v, jhiithlana, jlnitb kahna, 
tazwir k., bat katna, darog kahiid. 

Falter, v. haklana, lukniit k., hich- 
kichana. 

Fame, n. nam, shuhra, ishtiluir- 
neknanii. 

Famed, a. narawar, mashhiir. 

Familiar, n, raulaim, kliali<j, ham- 
dnm, kb an gi, be-bak. 

Familiar, n. ashna, dost, yjir. 

Familiarity, n. ashnai, ulfat, uns, 
ikhtilat. 

Familiarize, v. sadhna, khugar k., 
rabt k., aadi k. 

Family, n. gharbar, al-o-iyal, khan- 
dan, nasi. 

Famine, n. kal, akal, qaht, garani. 

Famish, a, bhiikon ya faqon mama. 






N 



FAS 



IOC 



FAU 



Famou?, n. uAmwar, n;imdar, mash- 
liiir, maruf. 

^ ft 

Fan, n. pauklni, panklii, slip. 
Fan, V. pmikha jlialna, jhapakna. 
Fanatic, n. mutaassub, diwana-i- 
kliudfi. 



Fashion n. Riir.it, riwajh, tarkib, | F^ 
wazili, tarkib, usliib, taur, dastiir, 
slian, sliarafat. 

Fashion, t\ banana, siirat k., dad 
banana, durnst dlialna. 

Fashionable, a, raij, rasmi, khass. 



\\ 



' Fanaticism, n, sargarmi, taassiib, i Fast, n, roza, faqa. 

dini hararat. 
Fancy, n, khiyal, wahm, tasawwnr, 

(pyjis, khwahish, ragbat. 
Fancy, v, khiyal k., qiyas k., chah- 

na, pasand k. 
Fanfare, n. tnrhiyon ka bajana. 



I 
Fast, a. niazbiit, mustahkam, band, | ^ 

jald, tez. 
Fast, r. roza rakhna, faqe kashi k., 

faqa k. 
Fast, ad. niazhut, nazdik, pas, jald. 
Fasten, v. band k., niazbut k,, kasnd. 



Fang, w. zahr-dar dant, panja, nak- Fastidious, «. nak-charha, inagnir, 



hun. 

Fanged, a. dantaila, nab-dar. 
Fangle, v. bcliiida kosliish k., be- 

wuqiifi ki sal k., niya k. 
Fantastic, a. khani-khiyali, wahnii, 

lahri. 
Fantasy, n. khiyal, gunian, waham. 
Fan tasy, v. khiyal L, chahna, wahm 

k. 
Far, ad. diir, baid, ziyada, bahut. 
Farce, n. siiang, pekhna, tamasha. 
Farcy, n, ghore-ka azar, kharish, 

khujli. 
Fardel, n, gatliri, motri, bnqcha. 
Fare, n. khorak, khorish, bhara. 

kiraya, ajiira. 
Fare, v, khana, taam k., bona, rahna, 

chain a, guzarni, gtizran k. 
Farewell, ad. widii, klmda-lmfiz, sa- 

lam. 
^ Farina, t\ phiilon ke bhitar ki dhiil. 
Farm, n. theka, ijara, mazra, taallu- 

qa, khet, kasht. 
Farm, v. ijare men lena, theke men 

lena, ziraat k. 
Farmer, n. ijaradar, kisan, thekedar. 
Farrier, n. nalband, salotari, baitar. 
Fiirrow, n, siiar ka jhol. 
Farrow, v, suar ka biyana. 
Fart, n. pad, goz. 
Fait, ??. padna, pad mtirna. 
Fartlior, a. anr-diir, diirtar, peshtar, 

aur-age alawa. 
Farthest, a. sab-se diir, diirtarin. 
Farthing, n. adhela (sikka Angrezi) 
Fascinate, v. farefta k., shefta k., 

jadii k., afsiin k. 
Fascination, n. jadii, afsiin, sihr. 



khiish -khorak. 

• • • 

Fastigiate, Fastigiated, a. chhdya 

1- f t 
lUP. 

Fastness, n, mazbiiti, istibkilm, his- 

sar, kot. 
Fat, a. mota, farbih, jasim, charb, 

ahmaq. 
Fat, n. charbi, chiknjii, rauglian. 
Fatal, a, miihlik, halaku, qiitil, qa- 

sai, muqaddar. 
Fatality, n, qaza, qismat, badbakhti. 
Fa,tp, n. qaza-o-qadr, taqdir, uasib, 

qismat, tdli, maut. 
Father r. godlena, apnese mausiib 

k., ikhtiyar k. 
Father, w. bap, pidar, abii, baUy 

walid. 
Fatherhood, n. pidriyat, bap hond. 
Father-in-law, n, sussar, susrSy 

khusar. 
Fatherless, a, be-pidar, yatim. 
Fatherly, a. bap-ka-sa, pidarand, 

pidari. 
Fathom, w. chha foot ka ek nap, 

aniiq, fikr. ghor, adam-qadd. 
Fathom, V, thah lend, napna, daryaft 

k. 
Fathomless, a. a-thah, be-thah, amiq, 

be-qiyas. 
Fatigue, v, thakiina, mandak., diqk. 
Fatness, n, motjai, farbihi, jasamaty 

barkat-dari. 
Fatten, v. mota t, charb k., farbih k. 
Fatuity, n. bewaqiifi, himaqat. 
Faugh, int, tauba-tauba, la^haul, lif, 

thii-thu, chhi-chhi. 
Fault, n, aib, khata, taqsir, qusnr, 

jurm, galati, chiik. 



FEE 



107 



FEN 



Fault, ». aib lagana, qusiirwar thah- 

rana. 
Faultless, a. be-taqsir, be-qasiir, be- 

aib. 
Faulty, a. qusiirwar, taqsirwar, aib- 

dar, bura, zabiin. 
FauB, 72. ek jangli deota rumiyon ka. 
Faunist, n. diiati chizon ka janne w. 
Fautor, n. hami, madadgar. 
Favour, n. mihrbaui, lutf, tawajjuh, 

inayaty inani ihsan, niamat, fazl, 

uzr.- 
Fav'our, r. mihrbani k., qadrdani k., 

rahm k. 
Favourable, a. mihrban, madadgar 

munasib, sliafiq, narm. 
Farourite, n. aziz, khatir kliwah, 

luusahib, dil-pasand. 
Fawn, n, hini-k^ bachclia, gazal. 
Fawn, V. kliiishamad k., cbaplosi k. 
Fay, n. pari, jinn, aitmad. 
Fealty, n, farmanbardari, wafadari, 

itaat. 
Fear, n. dar, dabshat, khauf, tars, 

adab, andesLa. 
Fear, v. darna, dabshat k. 
Fearful, a, dar-pok, tarsnak, baul- 

nak, baibatnak. 
Fearless, a, be-dar, bc-khauf, dilcr. 
• Feasible, a. munikin, bonbar. 



Feel, v. clibiina, lams k., malum k., 
janna, azmaua, ranjida b., dard 
klidna. 

Feeling, n. lams, lamisa, dilsozi, 
dai'dmandi, riqqat. 

Feeling, a, dil-soz, dard-angez. 

Feet, pL paon. 

Feign, n. babana k., surat banana, 
makr k., ijad k. 

Feigned, a. jbiitha, sakhta, liba&i, 
banawat. 

Feint, n. baliana, bila, mugalata. 

Felicitate, v. mnbarak-bad d., 
kliusli k. 

Felicity, n khuslii, khurrami, far- 
bat, barakat. 

Feline, a. billi ke manind, billi-sa. 

Fell, V. kat-dalna, girana. 

Fell, a. sang-dil,. kbiin khwar, bc- 
dard, wabshi. 

Fell, n. khiil, cbarsa, banjar zamin. 

Felloe, Felly, w. cLakkar ka glier ya 
pnttbi. 

Fellow, n. rafiq, satbi. bamcbaslim, 
mardak, baranizada, mard — ser- 
vant, bam-kbidniatgar, ham-naii- 
kar — creature, bam-makhliiq. hain- 
jius — labourer, bam-bar, liani- 
saz — sufferer^ dard, liam-azar. 

Fellowship, n. sharakat, rifaqat, su- 
liik, ikhtiUt. [war. 



Feast, n. ziyafat, bazm, mihmani. 

Feat, n. kam, amal, miihim nach, Felon, n. mujrim, gunahgar, taqsir- 

fail. ' i Ftlonions, a. zubun, sharir, fasid. 

Feast, V. ziyafat k., khnshi k., far- I Felony, n. gunah-i-azim, jurm, sha- 



bat bakhshna, dawat k. 
Feather, n, par, bazii. 
Feather, v. dhanpna, daulatmand k., 

zinat dena. 
Feature, n, khat-o-khal, shakl^chah- 

ra, rukh. 
Febrifuge, n, tap-ki dawa. 
Febrile, a, tap-mansiib, tap-ki-misal. 



rarat. 
Felt, n, nam (la, chumra. 
Felucca, n. ek chhoti khuli nao. 
Female,, w. aurat, zan. 
Female, Feminine, a. mada, nazuk,. 

naznin, muannas. 
Femoral, a. ran se mutalliq, jangh- 

ke mutaalliq. 



Fecund, a. bar-iiwar, kasir-nl-at-fjil. '■ Fen, n, daldal, dhasan, khancha. 
Fecundity, n. phalwanti, janne ki Fence, n. ihata, bar, ghera, muha- 

quwwat. fazat. 

federal, a, alnj-mansiib, mutacilliq- Fence, v. ihata k., bar lagana, gher- 

i-ittifaq, sharti, qaniri. ' na, himayat k., hathiyiir bazi k.. 



Fee, n, ajr, iwaz, miizd, rnsum. 
Feeble, a, kamzor, zaif, niitawan, 

ajiz. 
Feed, v. khilanaj palna, khurak d., 

pax'waiish k. 



pate-bazi k., 
Fencer, n, hathiyar baz, pate-baz. 

sham-sher-biiz. 
FoncilMC, a. panali paziv, biiclui^janc 

qabil. 



FES 



108 



FIE 



Fencing, n. ihata-bandi, hathijar- 

bazi. 
Feneration, n. byaj khori, sdd 

kliana. 
Feiiestral, a. kliirkijon-ke muta- 

alliq. 
Fennel, n. soe ka sag, saunf. 
Feoff, r. dakhl dend, qabzii d. 



Fetch, V. Una, le-ana, mariMy i«b-|FL 

unchna, nekalna. • iFii 

Fetch, n. baliana, makr^ ftfe^)| ^ 

hikuiat. iFii 

Fetid, a. ganda, mataaffin^ bad^lFii 

' bo-dar. IFL 

i Fetter, n. beri, zanjir-i-pa. In: 

! Fetter, r. zanjir se bandhna, ben- |F 



dalna, paband k., qaid k. 



Ferment, v. josh dena, khamir 

lithana. 
Fcriuentation, n. libal, josh, khamir. 
Ferocious, a. darindd, wahshi, kliiin- 

khwar, sangdil, dunisht. 
Ferocity, n. wuhshat, khiin khwdri, 

saug-dili, saulat. 
Ferreous, a. lohe ke mutaalliq, 

ahan-sa, ahan ka band hud. 



Feoffee, n. jagirdar. 

Feral, a. gamgiu, magmum, ma- Fetus, n. jiuiin, natijA. 
tami. I Feud, n. jliagra, fasad, fitni. 

Fcuiliemorte, n. murjhdja hoapat- 

ta, zard-rang. 
Fever, n. tap, bukhar, jur, hararat. 
Feverish, a. tap-girifta, tap-mail, 

garm, sozdn. 
Few, a. thoia, cliand, andak, qalil. 
Fiance, v. bydh ki nisbat k., masg- 

ni k., sagai k. 
: Fib, n. jhiit, kizb, darog. 
Ferret, w. newdla ki ek qisin. • Fibre, n. resha, nas, siit. 

Ferret, v. kaniingah se nikal-dena. Fibrous, a, reshadar, nasdar. 
Ferry, n. guzdr, mabar, par utdme 

ka ghat, ubiir. 
Fcn-y, V, ubiir k., par k., ndo par 

u tarn a. 
Ferryboat, n, litdrne-ki ndo, ghat- 

ki ndo. 
Ferryman, n. mallah, ghat-manjhi. 
Fertile, a. tar-o-taza, zarkhez, bar- 

kati. 
Fertility, n. tar-o-tdzagi, zarkhezi, 

bdrwar, barkat, quwwat-i-namn. 
Fenilize, v. tar-o-tdzd k., sar sabz k. 
Ferula, Ferule, n, qanichi, lathi. 
Fervent, a. sargarm, dilsoz, shau- 

qin. 
Fervid, a. sazinda, tez, tund, sargarm. 
Fervonr, n, sargarmi, dilsozi, shauq, 

hardrat. 
Fescennine, w. nd-shaista, be-lagdm, 
shokh- 

« 

Fescue, n. parhne ke waqt larkon 

ko harf dikhdne ke liye ek chhota 

tdr. [khnsh. 

Festal, a. tewhdri, ziydfti, masnir, 
Fester, r. paknd, qarhd hojand. 
Festival, n. id, teohdr, ziydfat. 
Festive, a, idi, khdshi kd, shad- 

ganah, masriir. 
Festivity, n. khiishi, shadi, jashn, 

aish-o-ishrat. 



iFi 



Fickle, a, chanchal, talauwun-mizaj> 

beqardr. 
Fickleness, n. chanchaldhat, talau- 

wun, beqardri. | 

Fiction, n. sakht, jhiita, naql-i- 

sakhta, afsdna. 
Fictitious, a. sakhtd, taqlidi, tagal- 

lubi, jhdta, farzi. [se. • 

Fictitiously, ad, jhut-se. tagallubi- 
Fiddle, w. sdrangi, kingri. 
Fiddler, w. sarangiyd. 
Fidelity, w. diydnat-ddri, wafa-dari, 

nimak-haldli. 
Fidge, Fidget, a, jhum jham kar 

chahid. 
Fidge, V, chulbuldnd, karwatain lend. 
Fiducial, a. mazbiit, mustahkum. 
Fie-fie, inf. chhi-chhi, taubd-tauba. 
Fief, n. jdgir, altamgd, talluqa. 
Field, n. khet, maiddn, kisht, razm- 

gdh mazra. 
Field-piece, w. tafri-top. 
Fiend, n. bhut, shaitdn, dushman- 

jdni. 
Fierce, a, darindd, sBadid, tund, du- 

rusht, wahshi, bahdimsirat. 
Fierceness, n. tundi, tezi, saulat, 

durushti, qabr, wahshat. 
Fiery, a. atashi, tez, atashmizaj, 

tund, roshan. 



FIN 



109 



FIR 



)ansri, murli, nai. 

. bansri-bajane wala, nai- 

a. pandrab, panz-dab. 
1, a. pandrabwan. 

fiancbwan, panjum. 
pacbas, panjab. 
njir — (wild) g^lar. 
I, larai, jang. karzai', mu- 
mar-pit, maidaii. 

larna, jaBg k., jbjigarna, 
b k. [awar, 

n, larwaiya, laraka, jangr 
, n. naql-i-saklita, naql-i- 
banawat, ijad. 

sre, a. majazi, tamsili, ran- 
kinat-amez, puraz istaara-o- 
b. 

1. sbakl, siirat, ant, raqam, 
tamsili, nukta, istaara. 

V. naqsb k., kbiyal k., 
banana, siirat banana. 

a. munaqqasb. 

b, n. Slit, nas, resba, jata. 
n. iindaq, bindaq. 

cbura lena, uralena. 
soban, reti, qatar, risbtd, 

farzandi, mutalliq-i-farzand. 
n, bnrada, cbiir, retan. 
>barna, piir k., ser k. 
. sar-band, patti, puttbe-ka 

. cbutki, cbamkari. 
. cbutki bajana. 

bacblieri, larki. 
. jbilli, jala, wob post jo 
nen bijon par bota bai. 
'. ebb anna, nitbama, sAf k, 

mail, alaisb, gilazat, kudii- 
lira karkat. 
S3, n. najasat, gilazat. 
a. maila, galiz, aliida, na- 
^anda. 

te, V. jbalar lagand. 
oaacbbli ka par ya bazil. 
I. akbir, wapasin, picbbla, 
k. 

ad. akirasb, akhirulamr, al- 

basil i-kalam. 

, w. mal-guzdri, mabasil, 
j, amad. 



Fincb, n, ek qism ki cbboti cbiriya. 
Find, V. pana, milna, batb and, batb- 

lagna, dekbna, maliim k., dena, 

parwarisb k. 
Fine, n. jurmana, t^Wan, dand.. ' 
Fine, a. mibin, barik, patla, pak, 

Ikhali^, achcba, kbusb, latif, basin, 

tez, farebi, namudar. 
Fine, v. jurmana k., dandna, saza d., 

sdf k., ujla k. 
Fineness, n. bariki, safai, nazakat, 

kbiibi, tezi. 
Finger, n* nggli, angusbt 
Finger, v, tatolna, cbbdna, uralena. 
Finical, a. nazuk, posbaki, nuaaish 

pasand. 
Finis, n, tamdmi, akbir. 
Finisb, v, tamam k., anjdm d., kba- 

tam k., zeb-o-zinat d. 
Finite, a, mabdiid, napaedar, cbund- 

roza. 
Fir, 71, sanobar, dedar. 
Fire, n, ag, atasb, nar, sbula, sar- 

garmi, gazab, tezi, isbq, gam-o- 

andob. 
Fire, v. jaldna, ag-lagand, cbbopia, 

urdnd, shoq delana. 
Fire-anns, n. topen, banduqen. 
Fire-engine, n. ag bujbane ki kal. 
Fire-fly, w. jugnii, kirm-i-sbabtab. 
Pirelock, n. pattbar-kala, banduq. 
Fireman, n. atasU-kasb, ag-bujbane- 

wdla. \ 

Firewood, w. bezam, lakri, indban.. \ 
Fireworks, n, atasb-bazi. \^ ; 

Firing, n. ag-ka lagana, indban,. 

bezaim. 
'. Firkin, n. raqiq sbai ki paimaisb ka 

bartan jismen takbminan battis 

ser aur das cbbataijk samata 

bai. 
Firm, a. mazbiit, ustuwar, sakbt, 

kara, barqarai*. 
Firm, w. saudagai'i kotbi, karkbana 

sbarakati. 
Firman, n. farmdn ya parwana-i- 

rab-dtlri. 
Firmament, n. asman, falak, dkasb. 
Firmness, n. ustuwari, istibkam,. 

barqarari, paedari. 
First, a. pabla, agla, auwal, na- 

kbusbtin. 



FLA 



110 



FLE 



Firstbegotten, 1 a. auwal-maiiliid, 

y pahlajana,auwal- 
Firstboin, ) zada, palilatha. 
Fis 5, n. sarkari khazana. 
Fish, n. machlili, malii, maclih. 
Fish, V, machlili mama ya shikar k., 
khojna, hile se hasil k., gliota 

zani k. 
Fisherman, n. machlili waU, ma- 

higir. 
Fishery, n. mahigin, machhli wala 

ka kam. 
Fish-hook, n. bansi, kanta, quUab, 

shast. 
Fissure, n. chak, tarak, darz, shigaf. 
Fissure, v. shigdf k., phavna, chirna. 
Fist, n. mutthi, musht, mukka, 

ghiinsa. 
Fist, V. ghiinsa mama, mukyana. 
Fistula, n. nasiir, bhagandar, nai. 
Fit, n. naubat, hajiim, gash, zaiif 

nasha, bimari ghalba. 
Fit, a. munasib, laiq^ durnst, wajib, 

qabil. 
Fit, V. sajna, thik k., munasib h., 

taydr k., saz-o-saman d. 
Fitch, 71. matar ki ek qism. 
Fitness, n. liyaqat, muwafaqat, sha-. 

istagi, qabliyat. 
Five, a. piinch, panj. 
Fix, V, lagana, jarna, muqarrar k., 

th ah ran a, qiiim k. 
Fixed, a. qiiim, muqarrar, paidar, 

mazbiit. 
Fizz, Fizzle, v. sansandna ya san- 



'X 

I - 

'.frt 



nana. 



Flabby, Flaccid, a, pilpiia, narm, 

dhila. 
Flag, w. nishan, jhanda, patya, 

chattan. 
Flag, V. sust h., zaif h., natawan h., 

gliatna, latakna, zail h. 
Flageolet, n. algaza, qism-i-bansri. 
Flagitious, a. sharir, shadid, bura, 

bad. [qaraba. 

Flagon, n, surahi ya kuza, khum. 
Flagrant, a. zahir, mashhur, sharir, 

shadid, sargarm, mariif. 
Flail, n, kliirman-kob, dane ko bhiisi 

se jiida karne ka ala. 
Flake, n, gala, tukra, tah, tabaq, 

chingari. 



Flam, w. mauj jA khiyaJ, darojlfif" 

hila. ff^ 

Flam, V. darog kabnii, jhuU, ^gi 

ran a, hila k. 
Flambeau, n. mashdl, falUa. 
Flame, n. shula, dnch, lau, zal 

garmi, tczi, ishq. 
Flame, v. dhakdhakana, dam; 

jalnd, shulamama. 
Flamen, n. padri ji purohit. 
Flaming, w. shula-zan, shula 

mashhiir. 
Flank, n. pahlii, jamb, kin^, bagaLJ-^ 
Flannel, n. loi wilayati, f allien. 
Flap, n. ddman, jhatak. 
Flap, V. jhatkana, jhalna, phatphj 
and. [i 

Flare, v, chamakna, jhalakna, damak'^i^ 
Flash, n>, chamak, bhabhak, b 

shula. 
Flash, V. chamakna, jhalakna, barq- 

marna, roshan h. 
Flashy, a. chanikila, rangild, be- 

hiida. 
Flask, n. surahi, banit-dan, kuppi, 

shishd. 
Flat, a. bardbar, hamwar, yaksi% 

be-maza, yaqin, saf. 
Flatly, ad, hamwdri-se, saf-saf, b«- 

tajnis. 
Flatness, w. hamwdri, bardbari, yat- 

sani, badmizaji. 
Flatten, v, chapta k., dabana, ham- 
war k., utar jana. 
Flatter, v, chdplosi, k., khushamai 

k., phusldud, khush k. 
Flattery, n. chdplosi, khiishdmadf, 

charb-zabani. 
Flatulency, n, bdi, bao, bdd, kMm- 

khiydlt. 
Flatulent, a. badi, naffakh, phuld. 
Flaunt, V, ak.irna, chhati nikdl kar 

chain a, pharaknd. 
Flavour, n. maza, lazzat, zanq^ 

khiishbu. 
Flawj a. darz, shigdf, bdl, aib, qusiiri 
Flax, a. san, katdn, san ka darakH. 
Flay, V. udhernd, khdl khinchnd. 
Flea, n, pashii. 
Fleak, n, lat, jhonta. 
Fleck, V. chhitki d., btiti bandiw^ 
afshan k. 



FLO 



111 



FLU 



IsFledge, a. pardar, urne ke qabil. 
IFlee, V. bhagnd, bhag-baclina, gurez 
k., firar b. 
leece, n. pasbm, lin. 
eer, w. miiub banand yd birana, 
4. . boli marna, ban si k. 

'leet, a. tez-rau, tez-qadam, jald- 
baz, cbalak, bdd-pa. 
'leet, n, jaraiat-i-jabdz, jabaz ka 
ber?. 

leet, V, giiib b., jald cbalejana, 
babna. 

)2^1eetmg, a, fani, arizi, be-baqa, 
1. 1 . cband-roza. 

b^lesb, n. gosbt, labam, nafs, badan, 
nt sbakbsT sbabwat, kbesb, 

'lesblj, a, jisinani, nafsanl, wajiid- 
:' ke mutaalliq. 
l^IKletcb, V, tir men par lagana. 
I Flew, j9. t, lira. 
IflfeTlexibility, n. cbimrai, mulaimat, 

f narmi. 
. If Flexilde, a. cbimra, lacbila, mulaim, 

nann, dam-dar. 
^Flexure, n. lacbkao, kbam, kaji. 
f Flicker, v. idbar udbar pbirna ya 
ftankh jbania, pbar pbaraiia. 
Fligbt, n. bbiignd, gurez, firar, bazi- 
m&ty parwaz, tairan, tir-barani, 
cbiryon ka gol. 
Fligbty, a. cbancbal, bardam-kbi- 
yali, wabrai, be-qarar. 
1^ Flimsy, a. jbirjhira, patla, zaif, be- 

buda, napaidar. 
r^ Flinch, 4?- iatna, tabalna, pbirna, 
' FJing, V. phenkna, cbalana, dalna, 

lat-Jixarna, cbitrana. 
J Flint, n. eang-i-cbakmak, patbri. 
t Fliaty^ a. sakbt, sang-dil. 
P Flip, n, ^barab ka sbarbat. 

Flippant, a, jald go, tez-ro, tez- 

zaban, gnstakb. 
Flirt, n. jbatak, jbarjbarabat, uclibal 

kud. 
Flirt, . v. tbatoli k., tana-zani k., 
naz-o-niyaz, pbenkna. 
^ Flit, tL urna, pbatpbatana, makau 
clihorna, infcqal k. 
Flitch, «-. siiar ke pahlii ka namak- 

iltidd gosbt. 
Float, «. tairenda, bera, mamar ki 
tbapL 



Float, V. babna, tairna, sailab k. 
Flock, n. gol, gal la, halqa, jbiind, 

bbir, balon ki jata. 
Flock, V. bbir-bbar k., ikattbd b., 

iama b. 
Flog, V. cbabuk mama, kore mar- 

na, taziyand lagana, bet marna. 
Flood, n, barb, jnwar, sailab, tufdn. 
Flood, V, sailab k., dubana, garaq k. 
Floor, n.' zamm, takbta, tabaq, 

manzil, cbabiittira, satab. 
Floor, V. gacb karna, cbnbutra ba- 
nana, manzn k., takbta-bandi k. 
Flrral, a. mansub-i-gu^, pliulkd,mu- 

talliq pbiil. 
Florid, a, surkb, lal, gnldar, rangin. 
Florin, n, els. sikka pabile pabal 

Flarens sbabr men band tba. 
Florist, w. gul-kar, gul-chin, phiil- 

wdla. 
Flounce, n. sanjaf, jbalar. 
Flounce, v, taiapbna, batb-panw 

mama. 
Flounder, v, taiapbna, cbbatpatana, 

lotna. 
Flour, n, atd, maida, siiji. 
Flourish, v, tar-o-taza h., mubarak 

h., lafmarna, arasta k„ cbamkdua, 

aqalmand b. 
Flout, V. munb banana, ihanat ya 

maldmat k., chbenia. 
Flow, t>. babna, jari h., rawan h., 

sailab k. 
Flower, n. phiil, gul, bahar, umda 

hissa. 
Flower, v, phtilna, khilna, shu- 

guftd b. 
Flower-garden, n. gulzdr, gulistdn, 

chaman-i-z:'ir. 
Flower-pot, w. iramla, gul-dan. 
Flowery, a. gul -re z, nmgin. 
Flown, JO. p. ur-gaya, bhag-gaya. 
Fluctuant, a, mojzan, cbancbal. . 
Fluctuate, v. biloma, labrana, cban- 
cbal b., do-dil li., beqardr h. 
Fluctuation, n labrao, tamauwuj, 

beqardri, uth-baitb, junbish. 
Flue, «. dud-kasb, diUl-dan. 
Fluency, w. zabau-awari, sukhan- 

arai, fasabat. 
Fluent, a. zabaii-awar, jari, fasib. 
Fluently, ad. zabdn-dwari se, rawan. 



roL 



112 



FOR 



Fluid, n. pani, db, araq. 

FIui(l, a. saiyal, .abi, paniaa, raqiq, 

patla, araq. 
Fluke, n. ek chapti machhli jo 

samuudar men lioti liai. 
Flummery, n. fimi, faltida, Ij^si. 
Fluor, n. saiyali ya riqqat. 
Flurry, 71. jhatka, jhoka, harbari. 
Flush, r. tamtamana, surkbard h., 

pbiilna, bagb-bagli b. 
Flute, n bansri, murli, nai. 
Flutter, n, pliarphardbat, gbabrabat. 
Flux, n, babao, rezish, jiriydn, sailab, 

isbal, dast. 
Flux, V. paldnd, pigblaua, pet-cbalna. 
J'ly, n, makkhiV magas. 
Fly, V, unia*, parwaz k., bamla k., 

bhagna, pbiitna, pbatna. 
Foal, n. bacbera, bacbcri. 
Foal, V. bacbera byana ya janna. 
Foam, n. pbena, kaf, luab» 
Foam, V, pben-dna^kafiiikalna, gns- 

sa b., barbam b. 
Fob, w. job, pbent, dab. 
Fob, r. tbagna, dhoka d., kapat k. 
F'ocile, «. b«inb ya Ung ki baddi» 
Focus, w. madar, markaz. 
li'odder, «, glias, «liard, ghispit, 

alaf. 
1^00, n. duj<bman, barlf, kbasm, adii. 
Foetus, n. janin, liami, pet-kti bacb- 

cba. 
Fog, n. kobar, kiibra, kubasd, bu- 

kbar, dbumlld. 
Foggy, a. dbundla, kuhasa-putt. 
FoiMe, «. aib, kbatd, qusiif. 
Foil, w. sbikast, pata, gadka, p4t. 
Foil, r. !iarciria, sbikast d., radd k. 
]' ohi, V. pata jbarnc ya lakri pbenk- 

ue men dbakel d. 
Foison, n, ifrat, kasrat. 
Foist, v» jalsazi se mila d., ilbaq k. 
Fold, n, tab, chin, palla, shilcan. 
Fold, V. tab k., lapetna, gbema, 

band k. 
Foliage, n. pattian, barg-bahar, au- 

raq. 
Folinge, v, barg sazi k. 
Folio, n, do warqa kitab. 
Foliot, n. qism-i-deo y^ jinn. 
Folk, n. log, admi-log, mardum, 

asbkbas. 



Folkland, n. patte ki ni se jo zan 

rabti hai. 
Follow, r. pairavi k., picbhe ji 

dar-pai h., mutaalliqb., tabid^ 

natija uikalna, mashgiil h. 
Follower, n. pasraii, pairau, dam 

gir, tabidar, shagird. 
Folly, w. be-wuqilfi, nadani, bii 

qat, ablabi. 
Foment, v. senkn.n, garm k., li 

mat d., machana. 
Fomentation, n. senk, targliib, tah 
I'ond, a. sbaiq, mail, asbiq, be- 

quf. . 
Fondle, r. piyar k., duUr k., naz 
Fondness, w. piyar, sbauq, nawtb 

rag-bat. 
Font, 71. istibagb-ka hauz. 
Fontange, w. sir par patti yd n 

ka pbiil. 
Food, n. kbana, kliorak, khnrc 

giza. 
Fool, n. ahmaq, be-wuqiif, nd 

abla, maskbara, bhand. 
Foolish, a, be-wuqiif, be-biida, ; 

njidan. 
Foolscap, w. ek cbhote qisra ka 

gaz. 
Foot, n. paon, pd, pair, qa 

daman, piyada, zel, akbir. 
Footing, n. paedari, paedan, d; 

hal, waza. 
Footman, n. piyada, paik, har] 

naukar. 
Footpad, n. rah -zan, bat-mar, tl 
Footpatb, n. pag-dandi gali, ki 
Footstep, w. qadam, nisban-i-pa 
Footstool, w. mondlia, morha. 
Fop, n. khud-bin, banka, chbai 
For, pr, waste, liye, khatir, I 

ziraki. 
Forage, n. gbas, chara, alaf. 
Forasmuch, eon, chiinki, kiyc 

badin-nazar. 
Forbear, v. bdz rabna, dast-bi 

h., parhez k., cbborna. 
Forbearance, n, parbezi, ilitiraz, 

burdbari, tabammul. 
Forbid, v, mana k., rokna, hatk 
Forbidden, a. mana kiya hiia. 
Forbidding, a. karib, maknib, 

snrat. 



FOR 



113 



FOR 



'I. zor, taqat, quwwat-i-Jasti, 
fauj. 

;. zor se karand, zabar-dasti 
br k. 

i, n, cliimtd, zambdr, miqraz. 
3, a. zordwar, mazbiit, jabri, 
d. 
3, ad, zor-se, jabran, zabr- 

. payiib-jagah, tliah, guzar, 

piiyab utar jana ya guzar- 

e, a. i:>ao-ab. 
agla, pahla, peshin, samb- 

Qouish, v..paliile se nasihat d. 

»ge, n. pable se kabna, tam- 

3n laua ya bayan k. 

1, V, pesh-az-waqtmusallabh. 

1, n, kalai, paLuiicha. 

ie, V, pesbgoi k., fal goi k., 

3 janna. 

ing, n. agalii, andesha. 

t, V, peshbandi k., diiraude- 

, tadbir k., mansiiba k. 

tie, w. jahaz ke age ka liissa. 

m, n. nasiba, taqdir. 

ler, ?i.jadd, buzurg, pesMna. 

d, t\ baz r., mahfiiz r., ba- 

la 

fer, n, angusht-i-shahadat, 
tiba, bayi anguli. 
V, chhorna, baz-ana, dast- 
r h., tiyagna. 
d, n, pesbani, jabin. 
', V. samiie tarasbna. 
, a. ajnabi, bcgana, garib. 
3r, n. pardcsi sbakhs, ajnabi 



w, V. age-se janna, pable- 

1 k., pesb-bini k. 

wledge, n. ilni-i-gaib, diiran- 

pesb-bini. 

V. kamin-gab men baithal- 
slitar se rakbna, gbat lagaua. 
I, 71. peslikar, mir-i-majlis. 
itioued, a. mazkdra, mazkiir- 

it, a. pabla, agla, auwal, 

irin, i)esliwa, sadar. 

lier, n. jadda, dddi, pardildi. 



Forenamed, a. mazkiira-i-bala, nam- 

burda. 
Forenoon, n. peshin-chasbt, do-pa- 

liar-se pable. 
Foreordain, v. age-se thabrana, pesh- 

tar se muqarrar k. 
Forepart, n. aga, agwara, pcsli, mu- 

qaddamat. 
Foreprize, v, pesLtar-se qimat la- 

gana. 
Forerunner, n, pesh-rau, pesb-numa. 
Foresee, v, age-se janna, pesli-bini k. 
Forest, n, j an gal, besba. 
Forestall, v, pesbdasti k., peslitar- 

se kliarid rakbnd. 
Foretell, v. pesb-goi k., pesb-kliaba- 

ri k. 
Forethink, v. pesb-bini k., diir-ande- 

sbi k. 
Forethougbt, n. diir-andesbi, pesb- 

bandi, abtiyat. 
Foretoken, n. dalalat ki alamat. 
Foretoken, v. dalalat k., pesbtar se 

kalma. 
Forever, ad, bamesba, mudara, daim. 
Forewarn, v, agab k., kbabar d., 

jatana, salab d. 
Forefeit, n, jurmdna, tawan, gundh- 

gari. 
Forefeit, v. kbona, kam k., qurqi k. 
Forfeiture, n. qurq, zabti, jurniana. 
Forfen, n. miqraz ya kenclii. 
Forge, n. loluir-dliaua, lobar ki- 

bliatti. 
Forge, V. jal-sazi k., qalb k., garhna. 
Forgery, n. jal-sazi, tagallub, taqlid. 
Forget, a. bbiilnd, faraniosh k., gaf- 

lat k. 
Forgetful, a. bhiilakkar, faramosb, 

gafil. 
Forgetfulness, n. bliiil, faramosb i, 

gb aflat. 
Forgive, v. baklisbna, mdaf k., 

afii k. 
Forgiveness, n, muaf,afu, baklislii.>sb- 

amurzisb. 
Fork, n, kanta, panja. 
Fork, V. sbakli ya patti nikalna, 

pbatua. 
Forked, a. kante-dar, sbdkh-dar. 
Forlorn, a. tanba, be-kas, .lacbiir, 
paresluin, kbali, sunsan. 



u 



Full 



lU 



FOW 



Form, n, sliukl, siirat, daul, taswir, 

na<[-sha, taiir, ravish, dastiir, iiiti- 

zaui, takhtu. 
Form, V, banana, paida k.. shakl d., 

tartib k., kliinclma, tikr k., tadbir 

k., naqsh k., mansiiba k., prarlma. 
Formal, a. chalni, rasmi, takalluf- 

nuzaj. 
Formality, w. takalluf, tamalluq. 
Formation, n, bauawat, tarkib. 
Former, a. palila, agla, peshin, sabiq, 
' muqaddam. | 

Formerly, ad, ago, peshtar, sabi<][- ' 

men, ibtada. ! 

Formidable, a, niuliib, haibat-nak, 

liaul-nak, khof-nak, rob-ddr. 
Formula, n. naqslia, qanun, dastiir- 

ul-aml, zabta, aqida, alaniat. 
Fornicaiion, n. liaramkari, zinakdri, 

fist], clihinala. 
Fornicator, w. haram-kar, zina-kar, 

flsq. 
Forra V, v. taklit-o-taraj k*, kisi mulk 

ko wiran k. 
Forsake, v. chliorna, clilior d., tark 

k., tiyagna. 
Forswear, n. qasam-se inkar k., 

jliutlii qasam kliana. 
Forsootli, a. fil liaqiqat, filwaqa. 
Fort, n. qila, litssar, kot, garh. 
F'ortli, ad, baliar, berdn, ibgo, samne, 
l^Jrtl^with, ad, abhi, fauran, fillial, 

twrt. 
Fortieth, n. clialiswan, chahhim. 
J<\)rtificJition, n. ilm-i-qilabandi, <iila, ! 

hissar. i 

Fortifj, r. ihazbiit k., mustahkum 

k., sadd k. ' [sahr. \ 

Fortitude, n, jurat, dileri, istiqlal, i 
Fortnight, n, do-hat*ta, a<i]»-nia]una. 
Portress, n. qila^ liissdr, kot. 
F'ortnitou8, a. arizi, itifViqi, nagahani. 
Fortunate, a. nasib-war, iiek-bakht, 

baklityar, saadatmand. 
Fortunately, ad, nasib-se, bakht- 

vari-se. 
Fortune, ??. qismat, nasib, bakht, 

daulat, mal, jaliez. 
Fortune, t*. sarzad h., waqa h., 

guz'trna, aparna. 
Fortune-teller, n, rammal, munajr 

jim, nasib-go. 



Forty, a. chalis, chahil. |j 

Forum, n. qadini zamane men Bi9l| 

sliahr ki adalat. Ij 

Forward, a. age, pesh, taiyar, 8hok]i,|] 

gustakh, kachcnj'u kliam. I| 

Forward, v. barhana, madad k," 

pahuucliana, rawana k. 
Forwardness, n. dileri, chalaki, tea,] 

gush-takhi, taiyari, sar-garmi. 
Fosse, 77, khandaq, khai. 
Fossil, n, kani, madani, dhati. 
Fossil, r. zaniin se khod karnikalni! 
Foster, v, palna, parwarish k., tar-! 

• biyat k. 
Fosterage, n. diid pilane ka kam, 

dayagari. 
Foster-brother, n. koka, diidh-bhai, 

liamshir. 
Foster-child, n. le-palak, farzand-i- 

sazai, chela, parwarda. 
Foster-dam, n, dai, dada, diidk- 

pilane wali. 
Foster-father, n, kliaaam-i-dai, par- 

warinda-bap, ^o slinkhs jo dusre 

ke larke ki parwarisli kare. 
Fother, n. sise tolne kil ek paimana. 
Foul, a. maila, aliida, napilk, mak- 

n\li, fasid, sharir, badsiirat, sara. 
Foul, r. uiaila k., napak k. 
Found, V. bunyad k., binji dalna, 

banana, mansub rakhna, uthanji. 
Foundation, n. bunyad, bin a, iiio, 

asl, sar, jar, dawa, taqarrur, qiyam. 
Founder, n, bani, biuiigar. 
Founder, v. diib-jana, garq h. 
Fouudery, n. lolia galane-ka ghar. 
Fountain, n. cliashma, fauwara, asl, 

niuijba, ix)khar. 
Four, a. char, chahar. 
Fourfold, a. chau-guna, chahar-chand 
Fourfooted, a, char-f«aya, chahar-pa 
Fourscore, a. assi, char-bisi. 
FourHquare, a. char-gosha, chau- 

kona. 
Fourteen, a. ch and ah a, chahar-dah. 
Fourteenth, a. chaudhwan. 
Fourth, a. chautha, chaharum. 
Fowl, n. murg, chiiiya, parinda 

tair. 
Fowler, n, chiri-mar, saiyad, babe 

liya. 
Fowling-piece, n. shikari banduq. 



FRE 



115 



FRl 



¥oXy n. lomriy robali. 
Fract, n. torna. 

Fraction, n. kasr, Inssn, tukra, mza. 
Fracture, n. sliikastagi, tiit, tornii. 
Fragile, a. kamzor, boda, iiazuk, 
fdlii. 



Freeborn, a. puidaisL-se barabar 

iizad. 
Freedeuizen, n. huquq-dar, sbabri. 
Freedenizen, v, azad k. 
Freedom, n. azadi, ikhtiyar, iinjat, 

farjigat. 



ii: 



ih- 



ITH 



3.1 



Fragment, n. parclia, purza, reza, Freeliold, n, zamindiiri, allatnga, 

para. iniia fi, bin-biytiti. 

Fragrant, a. klmsbbiidar, muattar. ' Freely, ad, apne ikhtiyar-se, be- 
Ifrail, a. naznk, zaif, fani, bcqarar, : parwji, kusliada-dili-se. iiiuft. 

j^batarpazir. ■ Freeman, 7i, kbud-iiiukbtar, aziid 

Frail ty, n, kamzori, zuaf, napiiedari, , mard, sbabri, 

kliata. I Freemason, n. sjnig tarasboii ya mi- 

Frame, n. dbancba, daul, banawat, ■ inarou kii ek iirqu, apas men ma- 

tartib, cbaukatb. ! dad kanie wale logon ki januiat 

Frame, r. banana, jonia, bandlma, ' ka ek sbakbs. 

garbna. i Freencss, n. sadgi, rasti, sakbawat. 

Frank, a, sada-dil, saf-dil, be-takal- •: Free-scbool, n, kbairati maktab. 

Inf. I l^'reestone, n. sang-regdar, iniarat 

Frank, n, be-mabsi^li kbatt. ; banjine-ka pattbar. 

Frankincense, n. loban. ! Free-will, n, mukbtari, ikbliyiir, 

Franklin, n, zamindar ya jagirdar. marzi. 

Frankly, acL saf-saf, niukblisana, ! Freeze, v. jam janii, munjnmid b. 

be-takalhifi-se. ] Frcigbt, w. bar-i-jabaz, mol, kiraya, 

Frankness, n. kusbada-dili, saf-dili. j dabsbat, dar, kbof. 
Frantic, a, diwana, saudai, majnun. .Freigbt, v, jabaz par ladna, kbof 
Fraternal, a. baradari, banidarana, ; deliinti, dbamkana. 



akbwi, bbai-cbara. 
Fraternity, n. bbai-cbara, baradari, 

firqa, Immjinsiyat. 
Fratricide, n. bradar-kuslii, bradar- 

kusb. 
Fraud, n. fareb, daga, bala, clibal, 

thagai. 
Fraudulent, a. daga-baz, bila-bj'iz, 

fareb r, makkar. 
Fraugbt, a, bbara-bua, pur, mamiir. 
Fray, n, bangama, danga, larai. 
Fray, v, ragama, gbisna, kbauf 

dikblana. 
Fraying, n. liiran kc sing ka clibil- 

ka. [ucbjing. 

Freak, n, kbiyal, wabam, labar, 
Freakisb, a. cb an dial, bar-dam khi- 

yali, walimi. 
Freckle, n. kbal, dag, mngas, dbabba. 
Yree, a. azad, cbubta-lii\a, mukbtar, 

be-gunab, majaz, balal, sadi, asii- 

da, be-mabsul. 
Free, v, azad k., kbalas k., riba k. 
Freebooter^ n, qazzaq, Intera, rab- 
zan. 



Freigbtago, n, saudagara asbub par 

rawani. 
Frencb, a. Fransesi, Frans mulk-ka. 
Frenetic, a. diwana, saudai. 
Frenzy, n. juniin, diwangi, sarsam. 
Frequent, a. aksar, barbar, lagatari- 

kasir. 
Frequent, v, amad-o-raft k., aya- 

jaya k., bar-bar jana. 
Frequently, ad. aksar, beslitar, bar- 

ba, barbar. 
Fresb, a, sard, tbanda, tar-o-taza, 

sar-sabz, nay a, zorawar, sbirin, 

norus. 
Fresb et, n. sbirin cbasbma. 
Fresbness, n. tbandai, tazagi, sar- 

sabzi, nau-rasi. 
Fret, r. gliis jana, ragania, kbajan^i, 

cbberna, diqq k., cbberna. 
Fret, n. istirab, diqqat, mauj, si tar ki 

kbuti, beqarari.. 
Fretful, a. cbircbini, nakbusb, kbnfa. 
Friable, a. cbur lione iaiq, bburbhu- 

ra, narm. 
I Friar, n, tYV\Wvv\vy\,'j:AiX\v^^>^'v\\'^^^\^ 



FRO 



IIG 



FUE 



Fribble, a. sifla, be-shaiir, nachiz, 

bchiida. 
Fricassee, n, qaliya pakana. 
Friction, w. ghisao, ragar, malish. 
Friday, n. juma, adina, siikr. 
Friend, n, dost, yar, muhibb, dost- 

dar, aslina, maslii\q. 
Friend, v. mahr-bani k., madad k., 

pnshti k., ydri k. 
Friended, a. miheban, dostdar, kher- 

andesh. 
Friendless, a. be-dost, be-kas, be- 

chara. 
Friendly, a. dostand, yarana, mufid, 

mawafiq. 
Friendship, n, dosti, yari, muhabbat, 

nlfat, ashnai. 
Frieze, «. mota dni kapra, mimdri 

men ek qism kii naqslia, ya saz. 
FrijS^ate, n, qism-i-jabaz jangi. 
Fright, n, dar, dahsliat, wahshat, 

khauf, haul. 
Frighten, v. darana, dahshat diliind, 

bharkana. 
Frightful, a. daniii, haubiak, khauf- 

nak. 
Frigid, a, than da, sard, afsurda, be- 

muhabbat. 
Frigorific, a, sardi-awar ya sardi- 

rasan. 
Fringe, n. jhalar, dnchal. 
Frippery, n. phatc-purane kapre, 

chithre, gudri. 
Frisk, V. kudakna, phudakna, uch- 

halna. 
Frisket, n. woh firem jismen ka- 

ghaz rakhkar chhapte hain. 
Frith, n, khdri, naka ya muhana. 
Fritter, v, katama, tukra-tukra k., 

waqt katna. 
Frivolous, a, subuk, halka, nachiz, 

adna, harza. 
Frizz, V, ainthna ya umethna, bal d. 
Frizzle, n, kakul, zulf. 
Frock, n. angarkha, kurta, pesh-waz. 
Frog, n. meuviuk, ghiik. 
Frolic, n, khel, kalol, shokhi, nach 

kud. 
Fro'icRome, a, shokh, hazla-biiz, ach- 

pal, khilar. 
From, pirp. se, ke, az, niin-janib. 
Frond, n. barg-dar shakh. 



Fa 



Front, n, sanina, pcsb, peshani, cUu-lFn 

ra, miinh, gustakhi, be-hayai. 
Front. V, samne h., muqabil h. 
Frontier, n. sarhadd, hadd, mao- 

biim, siwanii 
Frontispiece, w. peshgah, peshipj, 

pesh-tassauwur. 
Krost, n, pala, jara, sarma, thandi l i 
Froth, w. kaf, phen, jhag, harzi. iFc 
Frothy, n. kafdar, sabnk, halka. ffn 
Frounce, n. ziilf, shikan, tah yd pec^Su 
Frounce, v. ainthna, limethnd, ball 
Fro ward, a. khudrah, gusta^b, ZLddLfc 

sar-kash. 
Frowardness, n. chirchirjihat^ gU8t4-|lu 

khi, khudrai. 
Frown, n, chin-ba-jabin, ghnrki. 
Frown, v. ghurakna, toorhi cbarLan4?|i: 

chin-ba-jabin h. 
Frozen, a. afsurda, munjamid, baati^ 

barf-zada. 
Fructify, r. phaland, baromand k^|I 

samar-dar k. 
Frugal, a. kifdyati, juz-rus, kamr^ll 

kharch. |I 

Frugality, n, kifayat-shiari, juTrisi^ 

kam-kharchi. 
Fruit, w. phal, mcwd, bar, bacheh^ 

natija, samara. 
Fruitage, n, phal-phalari, mewdjdt 
Fruitful, a. phaldar, mewaddr, ban- 

dar, kasir. 
Fruition, n, wasiil, kam-yabi, khnsbi 
Fruitless, a aphal, be-bar, bo-faidai 

be-siid. 
Fruitgrove, «. bar-awar-darakhtog. 

ka bag. 
Frump, V, birana, munh chkani yi 

thattha k. 

• • • 

Frush, V. kuchalna, masalnd, pis- 

dalna. 
Frustrate, v. mahrum k., ndummed 

k., tor d. 
Frustmn, n, makhlut, naqis, pakana. 
Fry, V, talna, bhiinna, biriydn k. 
Fry, n. chhoti chhoti mdchhliydSi 

pakwan. 
Fryingpan, n, taba, tawa. 
Fub, V, talna ya talmatol k., thagn4 

dhoka d. 
Fudge, int. jhuta qissa, gap-shap. 
Fuel, n. indhan, hima, hezam. 



FUR 



117 



GAI 



ve, a. arizi, cbandroza, bc- 
11-, bh agora. 

V. add k., bajiUana, wafa k., 
am k. 
Qcut, n, ada, anjam, tamami, 

it, a, darakhsban, ya taban, 
5han. 

I, pura, pnr, bbara, mamiir, ser. 
, n. dbobi, gazur. 
ad, bakbiibi, kbolke, tamami, 
assil. 

iiate, V, garajna, karakna, la- 
ke sath nijilamat k. 
ss, n, piirapan, piiri, bbarti, 
, asiidagi, kasrat, firawani, 
,mat. 

nc, a, na-pasand, maknib, 
sb. 

do, n, dbiian so sukblai hui 
bbli. 
, n. dbiian, bbapb,. bukhar, 

I. 

:te, n. mas ki mabak ya gamak. 

^ate, »• dbuui d., bukbar d., 

-aliid raklma. 

;ation, n. bbapbara, dbuni la- 

a, bukbar, kbansi. 

I, kbel, kbilli, bazi, tamasha. 

nbulate, v, rasan bazi, rassi 

cbalna. 

ion, n. kbidmat, ubda, qiiwwat, 

idad, qabiliyat. 

n. piinji, maya, sarmaya, asl. 

V, sarmaya jama k., piinji k. 
iment, n, gand, kiin, miqad, 

ra. 

imental, a. asli, bunyadi, zati, 

liri. 

•al, n, tabut, janaza, tadfin, 

iiiz. 

, n. bad-bii. 

el, w. chonga, nali, dbiianrab. 

jr, a. maskbani, tbatbol, sbokb, 

fa go, dil-lagi baz. 

I. postin, pasbm, sambiir. 

sh, V. saiqal k., jila d. 

r, n, bafa, cbamre par ki bbusi. 

ns, a. tund, toz, gazab-nak. 

V. lapetna, kliiucbna. 

ng, n, mil-ka atbwan bissa, 

tr sau chalis batb. 



Furlougb, n, chbutti, rnkbsat. 
Furnace, w. bbattba, bbar, atasbdan. 
Fumisb, v. den a, sarbarab k., arasta 

k., sajana. 
Furniture, n. asbab, sdman, rakbt. 
Furrow, n. cliin, kbat, lakiren jo bal 

se kliet men ki jati bain. 
Furtber, ad, diirtar, aurdiir, ablwa. ' 
Further, v madad d., madadgari k. 
Furtive, a. churdya biia ya cbori ka. 
Fury, w. gazab qabr, josh, diwangi. 
Furze, n. ek katila zard kbusb-numa 

pbTil. 
Fuse, V, pigldana, galana, gudaz k. 
Fuscous, a. bbiira, kala. 
Fusible, Fusil, a, jo galaya jawe. 
Fusion, n. pigblao, tigblao, gudaz. 
Fuss, n. tagapii, daurdbiip. 
Futile, a, subuk, balka, bebiida, ba- 

til, befaida. 
Future, a. mustaqbil, aimla, bonb^dr. 
Futurity, n, mustaqbil, zamand ain- 

da, istiqbal. 
Fuzz, V. zarra zarrd lioke urna. 
Fuzzle, V, pilakar kc matwala k. 
Fye, int. cbbi-cbbi, lif, labaul. 



O 



G. Angrezi bariif tabajji ka satwiin 
baruf. [k. 

Gab, V. barbarana, bakna ya bakwad 

Gabardine, n. ek qism ka mota 
angarkba yd jama, 

Gabel, w. mahsiil. 

Gabble, v, baknd, barbarana, bebii- 
da bat kabna. 

Gabbler, w. barbariyd, barza-go, 
yawa go. [na^ 

Gad, V, barza-gardi k., pbcrte pbir- 

Gad, n, tir, ncza, sindn. 

Gadfly, n. dans, khar-magas. 

Gaffer, n. ek biirbd gaonwdld. 

Gag, V. munli band k., dbatliiydna. 

Gage, n. girau, gii*wi, paimdisli, 
dastdna yd topi rakbnd isliye ko 
jo larnd cbdbe wo ouse utbdlc. 

Gain, w. basil, nafd, fdida, slid. 

Gain, v, kamdnd, basil k., nafa •^' 
uthdnd, pand, jitnd. 

Gainer, n. hafd-ydb, faida-yab, sab- 
qat lejdne wdld, jitnc wald. 



GAR 



118 



GAU 



Gfxinful, a, faida-mand, sud-inand. 
(jlainsay, v. radd-badal k., mukhala- 

fat k., takrar k. 
Gait, n. dial, raftar, ravish. 
Gala, n. slian-o-shauqat ya namud. 
Galaxy, n. kali-kasbsui. 
Galbanuni, n. ganda-biroza. 
Gale, n. liawa,.bad, nasim, tiifan, 

andbi. 
Gall, w. pit, safra, gazab^ kbusumat. 
Gall, V, ragarna, cbami a cbliilna- 

cbherna, dic^q k. 
Gallant, a. ziiiatdar, zarif, bnzurg- 

wiir, sabib-i-adab, dilawar, diler. 
Gallant, n. ebaiq-i-nazakat, isbq- 

baz, randi-biiz, jawan-mard, gazi- 

mard. 
Gallantly, ad, jawdn-mardi-se, dile- 

rana. 
Gallantry, n. jawan mardi^ iabqbjizi, 

namiid, ydri. 
Gallery, n. baramada, clihajja. 
Galley, n. qism-i-jabaz. 
Galliaid, a. cbust, cbalak^ kliusli- 

tabii. 
Galling, a. taklifi, dukbdai, ranjjl- 

war. 
Gallipot, n, kulbiyd, martaban. 
Gallon, n. Bbarab wagaira ka pai- 



nidnu. 



Galloon, n. kaldbatiin, rupalili gota. 
Gallop, n. dapat, tezrawi, tez, daur. 
Gallop, V, dapatna, sarpat jana, 

daiirna. 
Gallows, n. dar, pliansi, suli. 
Galvanism, ft. ek qism ki bijli yd 

qnwat-i-kalirubd. 
Gamble, v. jiid kbelnd, qimdr-bazi k. 
Gambler, n. judri, qimar-baz. 
Game, n. bazi, kbel, Idb, qimdr, 

tbattlid, sliikdr, said. 
Game, v. kbelnd, jiia kbelnd. 
Gamester, n, jiidri, qimjir-baz. 
Gander, n. bat-nar, batak-nar, bans. 
Gang, n. gbol, garoh tdifa, jamdat. 
Gang, V. cbalnd, jdnd. 
Gangrene, n. gbdo-kd sarjdnd. 
Gaol, (jail,) n. qaid-kbdna, zinddn. 
Gap, n. cbdk, dibed, pbank, sbigdfi 

dar dr. 
Gape, V. jambdi lend, khamiyaza k. 
Garb, w. posbak, libas, siirat. 



Garbage, n. fuzla, mnlglmbd. 
Garble, w. cbbdnna, judd k., rolni 
Garden, n. bdgb, bagicLd, cbamn-f: 

zdr, bostdn, gulistdn. 
Gardener, n. mail, bdgbdn, kdch^i. 
Gardening, n, bagbbani, mdii-Ul/ 

kdm. p 

Gargarize, v. dawd se gbar-gbara t 
Garget, w. ek marz jo mawashi ^' 

liotd bai. 
Gargle, r. knlli k,, ghar-ghara k. 
Gargle, Gargarism, iu gbar-gban. »• 
Garland, m. sibra, bdr, taj-i-giilf|: 

pbulmdld, gajra. 
Garlic, w. labs an. 
Garment, n, posbak, posbisli, li 

jdma, kapra. 
Ganger, n, gballd kliana, ainbar-l^ 

kbdna, kotbd. 
Gan>et, «. ydqiit, tdmrd. 
Gamisb, t. drdsta k,, sa|iTr&nii| 

zeb d. . 
Gamisb, n. drasingi, bdsbiyn, zinai 
Garous, a. niacbli ke (debar sd. 
Garret, w. tabqa-i-bdld, i\par-ki man^; 

zil. 
Garrison, w. qilc ki fanj, abl-i-qilii 

garb, tbdnd. 
Garrison, v, morcbd bandi k. 
Garron, n, ebotd gbord. 
Garrulity, n. bakwds, ydwdgoi. 
Garrulous, a, bakwadi, ziyddag(H 

gappi. [patti. 

Garter, n, mozd-band, zdnii-band, 
Gas, n, hawd, bukbdr. 
Gasconade, «, sbekbi, Idfgazdf. 
Gasconade, r. sbekbi mdrna, bha- 

bhaknd. 
Gasb, n, zakbm-i-karib, jardliat. 
Gasp, r. bdpbnd, danr lend, dam nak 



men dnd. 



Gate, w. darwdza, dar, pbdtak.. 
Gateway, w. deorlii, dabliz. 
Gatlier, v. jamd k., fardbam k., b*- 

tomd, ekattbd k., bdsil k., psma, 

tall k., cbunnd, jomd. 
Gathering, n. ijtimda, tdhsil, mawad. 
Gaud, Gaudery, n, zinat ki cbiz, 

khelond. 
Gaud, V. khush h., bdgh bdgh h. 
Gaiidily, ad. drdish se, bharak se, 

chatak se. 



GEN 



119 



GlIO 



ss, n. rang! la-pan, zarq-barq, 

i« 

I. rangila, tabdiir, zarq-barq, 

la, nil may an. 

\ napna, paimaisli k., auda- 

(. ntip, paimaisli, paimaua. 
. dubla, patla, kliali. 
, n. dastana-e-dhani. 
, kapar-dhiil, jbilmil, gbas- 
barik raishmi kapra. 
diiisb, sbadman, rangila. 
or Gaity, n, cbohal, dillagi, 
waqti, baslisbdslii, numaisli. 
d. kliiislii-se, shadana, ran- 

■ 

takna, taktti-ralma, gliiirna, 
1 liigana. 

taktaki, tak, nazar, nizara. 
gbnzzal. 
n. akhbar. 

IK akhbar men darj k. 
saz-o-saman, kil kanlii, mal- 

kliassi k., aklita k. 

n, aklita, kbassi ghora. 

j aiiliar, gauhar, konpal, 
:alga. 

javvabirat so arasta k., kon- 
calna. 

n, j aiizd, do-paikar. 
». jins, tanis-o-tazkir. 
V. paidfi k., janana, janna. 
^y, n. asl, nassab, hasab- 

kursi-namah. 
a. aamm, jami, mujmal 

n. sipab-salar, sargaroh, 
li. 

ty, n. jamliiir, aksar-asli- 
shumul. 

ze, V. tartib d., taqsim k. 
y, ad. aksar, amiiman, bil- 
ir-bar, nksar-auqat. 
», V. janana, paida k., janna. | 
ou, 71. paidaish, tawallud, 

nasi, puslit, pirbi, zama- 
ur. 

re, a. muwallid, paida kar- 
la. 

ity, n. sakhawat, faiyazi, 
at, bakbsbish, jawan mardi. 



Generous, «. snkbi, faiyaz, karini, 

atabakhsh, jawanmard. 
Genial, a. mualliq, khatir-khwali, 

dilpasund, dil-kusha. 
Genitive, a. izafat, halat-i-jarr, mii- 

zaf ilaih. 
Genias, n. kbo, aliaslat, zahin, sirat, 

fahm, zukawat. 
Genteel, a, sliaista, sahib-i-adab, 

zarif. [sharrik. 

Gentile, n. but-pnrast, katir, mu- 
Gentility, n. kbulqiyat, muravvat, 

sharafat. 
Gentle, a. raulaini, garib, lialim, 

sharif, asl-zada. 
Gentleman, n. niard-admi, miyan- 

admi, sahib sharif, ashraf. 
Gentleness, n. niulaimat, hilm, ghur- 

bat. 
Gently, ad, muliiiniat-se, narmi-se, 

ahiste. 
Gentry, n. asharf, sahib-i-daulat, 

khawass. 
Genuflexion, n, rakat, ibadat, na- 

maskar. 
Genuine, a, asli, khalis, gairdliida, 

sahib, khara. 
Genus, n. jins, fi rqa, qaum. 
Geographer, n, j ugrafiya-diin. 
Geography, n, jugrafira, iqlim-dani. 
Geology, n, ilmi-tabqat-i-arz. 
Geomancer, n, raninial, bhaddri, 

rami shinas. 
Gcomancy, n, rami, rammali. 
Geometrician, n. muhandis, uqledis- 

dan. 
Geometry, n. ilm-i-hindasa, ilm-i- 

masahat. 
Germ, n, konpal ankhwa, gabh. 
Germinate, v, ankhwana, liksana, 

phonia. 
Gerund, n, ism-masdar. 
Gesture, «. wazi'i, iiarkat, dhab, taur, 

ishara. 
Get, V, pd,na, hiisil k., paida k., 

kamana, hath lagua, milna, sikb- 

na, uthna. 
Getting, n. yaft, nafa. slid. 
Ghastly, a, rauvaa-sa, bhiitsa, dah- 

shatzada. 
Ghost, n, bhiit, riih. wahmi si'irat, 

paret. 



GIR 



120 



GLE 



(liaiit, n, deo, ifrit, mard-i-azimtan. 
Gibbor, V, gapar-aapar k., kicliar- 

luicliar k.. zarbari k. 
Gibbet, ?i. phiiiisi-ki lak^-i, Kiili. 
Gibbet, i?. phjinsi d., suliparLitka d. 
Gibbosity, or Gibbousiicss, n. klia- 

luidagi. kubrapan. 
Gibbous, w. khamidii pusht, kubrji, 

kiiz<'i. 
Gibe, ?i. tana, tana-zaiii, tanz. 
Gibe, V, tanazauik., are-htithon Icna, 

cliirliana. 
Giddiness, n, dauran, tewar, clian- 

chal, beqarari. 
Giddy, a. sar-gardan, chanchal, bc- 

qarar, shokh. 
Giddy, V. beqarar li., sirghiirana, tal- 

nialana. 
Gift, n, baklisish, inara, ata, dan, 

luba. 
Gifted, a. saliib-i-quwwat, nasiba- 

war, bahra-niand, qudrati. 
Gigantic, a. qawi-haikal, ifrit sdrat, 

buland. 
Giggle, i\ khilkhilana, liaQsna. 
Gild, V. sunaldak , tilakari k., jila d. 
(.iilded, a. siinahla, tila'i, zarnigar. 
Gilding n, tilii-kari, zar-nigari. 
Gill, n. niachlili-kd galpha;a, ghab- 

gbub. 
Gilt, a. zar aududa, nmlamma kiya 

hi'i^i. 
Ginicrak, n, jantar, tarkib, gul-ka- 

katna. 
Ginjilot, n. barma, banni, manqib. 
Gin, 11, phanda, dam, qism-i-sharab. 
(ringer, n, adrak, sonth, zanjabil. 
Gingle, n. jlianak, jhanjlian, tlian- 

tban, kli(Vtak. 
Ginglc, r. jbanjliauana, thantlianana, 

jlianakna. 
Ginglynioid, a. qabza ki sbakal ka. 
(^inglymus, ?i. qabza. kulfi. 
Gipsy, n. nat, kanjar, natni, thagni. 
Gird, f. bandlma, kasna, lapetna, 

ibata k. 
Gird, n. dard, sankat, maror. 
(Jirder, n. shalitir. 
Girdle, n. kamarband, miyanband, 

palka. 
Girl, n, larki, clihokri, kanya, dukli- 

tar. 



Gir1if;li, a. larki sii, chanclial, achpd 
Girtb, w. tang, push tang, peti. 
Girth, i\ pu si I tang ban dim a, tang 

lagan a. 
Give, r. dona, bakhsbna, inayat k, 

ata k., sonpna, chlior d., ijazat d., 

qabiil k. 
Giver, n, denewalii, baklisliinda, di- 

liinda. 
Gizzard, n. murg wagaire ka anda- 

riini pet, pota. 
Glabrous, a, chikna. 
Glacial, a, barf ka, ya^hbaeta. 
Glacis, n, pushta, dlial. 
Glad, a. khiisb, khurram, shdd, mas- 

riir. [ni 

Glad, Gladden, t, kliiislii k., ph61- 
Glade, w. jangal men kliuli Imi ji- 

gah, per on ko bich ki kliiili hid 

jagah. 
Gladiator, n, sliamsherbaz, saif- 

plienkne wala. 
Gladly, 'ac/ khiisbi se, sliauq-se. 
Gladness, 7i. khiislii, shadi, sbad- 

mani, khurranii. 
Glance, w. nigab, nazar, ramaq, jha- 

lak. 
Glance, v. jbalnknd, nigab k., nclial 

jAnd, nazar dalna, zikr k. 
Gland, n, gilti, gntbli, dana. 
Glanders, n. kaiiar, gliore ki bimari 

jis men nak sc jism ki badratdbat 

!iikalti hai. 
Glare, n. jbalak, jagmagabat, tdb. 
Glare, r. cbamakna, jhalakna. 
Glaring, a, cbamkila, zabir, ashkari, 

maslihiir. 
Glass, w. shisba, abgina, piyili, 

aina, kancb. 
Glass, V. shisba jarna. 
Glass-blower, n, shisba-gar, manbar. 
Glassy, a. shishe-ka, shisbe yd aine- 

ke-mdnind. 
Glaze, V, shishd-jarna, rangan d, 

mubrd k., chaniak nikdlnd. 
Glazier, n. dind janie yd lagane 

wdld. 
Gleam, n. chamak, sbiia, tab, lams. 
Gleam, v, cbamakna, jhalakna, ta- 

ban h. 
Gleaming, n, lapak, jbalak, cbama^ 

par to. 



GLO 



121 



OOL 



1 Glean, v. khoslia-cliiiii k., cliunna, 

binna, intekhab k. 
: Gleaning, v, khosba chini, chuni- 

hui-chiz. 
ci Glebe, w. dbila, girje ke.muta'alliq 
ij zamin. 

f Glee, n. khuslii, kburrami, sliadi. 
, f Gleet, «. jiriyan-i-mani, dhat-bigar. 
f Gleet, V. jliarna, risiia, tapakna, 
::iL dhat-babna. 

I Glen, n. nicban, do-paliar ke bicb 
I ki zamin. 

I Glib, a, cbikna, pbisalna, zabdn- 
f, awar. 

2r Glide, v. abiste bahna, jari b., ahiste 
jana ya cbahia. 
Glimmer, n. timtiraanji,, jbilmilana. 



Glove, w. das tan a. 

Glow, n. tab, rosbni, garmi, gfizab, 
ishq. 

Glow, V. dabakna, dagdagana, tab- 
ddr b., garm h. 

Glow-worm, «. jugnu, sbabtab. 

Gluze, r. cbaplusi k., kbusbamad k. 

Glue, n, saresb. 

Glue, V. saresb lagana, jorna. 

Glutinous, a, cbipcliipa, laslasa, las- 
dar. 

Glutton, n, ^ petii, akkal, slii- 
, > kani-parast, bis- 

! Gluttonous, a, ) yarkbor. 

Gnasb, V, daut pisna, kiebkicbdna. 

Gnat, n. macbclibar, kutki, pasbsba. 

Gnaw, V. kutarna, katna, cbabana. 



Glimmering, n. timtimabat, jbilmi- Gnomon, n, miqyas, dbilpgbari-ka- 
Ubat. [bat. { kinta. 

; Glimpse, n. nazar-i-subuk, jbilniild- ( Go, v, jand, chalnii, jdtarabnd, tasb- 
;j Glisten, v. jbalakna, damakua, clui- j rif le-jand, batna. 



makna. 

Glitter, n, cbamak, jbalak, labak, 
, tajalli, tab, jilo. 
^ Glitter, v. cbamakna, jbalakna, njala 
^ b., damakna. 

* Glittering, a, barrdq, darakbsbinda, 
f munawwar. 

i\ Globe, n. kura, gola, gol, jaban, 
I kura-i-zarain. 
.' Globular, a. gol, gold-sa, kurawi. 
Globule, w. gol-dana, goli, rawa. 
Glomerate, v. gol-shatl-bojdna, 

gatbri-bo-jand, goli-baiullind. 
Gloom, p. dbumlai, tariki, dil-tangi, 

udasi. 
Gloomy, a. tarik, andbera, udiis, 

dilgir, rukba. 
Glorify, V. izzat k.,'lianid k., tarif k. 
Glorious, a. jalil, majid, muazzaz, 

nam war, zul-jalal. 
Glory, n. jalal, azmat, fakbr, bamd, 

madab, tarif. 
Glory, f?. fakbr k., iftikbar k,, laf- 

^>ani k., gan'ir rakbna. 
Gloss, n. cbatak, cbamak, jbalak, 

tafstr, sbarab, tiksi. 
Gloss, V. jila d., sbarab k., bay an k., 

chikna k. 
' Gloss, a. cbikna, ujlfi, jilwadar, 

mnii radar. 
Glossary, ??. farbajig, Ingbat. 



Go-between, n. dallal, darniiyani, 

diiti. 
Go-by, n. hilA, bawala. 
Goad, n. paina, ar, ankus. 
Goad, V, pama mama, ankus lagana. 
Goal, w. nisbangab, manzil, tbikanf^, 

maqsiid. 
Goat, «, bakra, bakri, buz. 
Gobble, r. gbapgbap kbana, bba- 

kosna. 
Goblet, n. piydlii, kasa, jam, katora. 
Goblin, n. bbiit, jinn, ifrit; sbaitan. 
God, w. Kbuda, Allab-tala; but, 

deota. 
God-cbild, n. dbarm ka beta. 
Goddess, n, dewi, debi. 
(xod-fatber, n. dbaram ka bap, padri, 

gurii. [debi. 

Godbead, n, Kbudai, deoiAi, deota ya 
Godliness, «. taqwa, kbuda-parasti, 

dindar. 
Godly, a. abl-i-taqwa, kbuda-parast, 

dindar. 
Godown, n. godam, zakbira-kban;!. 
Gog, n. jaldi, sbitabi. [ua. 

Goi^'gle, V, ])utli ])ber pbcr ke dekb- 
Going, n, kiicb, dial, raftar, rawangi. 
Gold, n. son a, zar, tila. 
Gold-beater, n. waraq-saz. 
(ioldon, a. sonabla, zarrin, zar-kbez, 

cbanipai. 



GOU 



122 



GRA 



(ioldsmitli, ?i. sonar, zarg{ii\ tilii-kar. 
(.^olf, n, gaind, balla. 
Gondola, ?i. mor-panklii nao. 
Gone, 2^, p. gay a, gnzaslita, jatii- 

ralui, gaya, guzni. 
Gonorrhoea, n. sozak. 
Good, a. achchha, bhala, kliiih, 

khiish, nek, kliiib surat, rast. 
Good, n, kliiibi, kliair, khiishi, neki, 

faida, balibiidi. 
Good-by, w. Kbuda-hafiz, wida, sa- 

lam, vam-ram. 
Good-morning, w. snbali-iil-kliair, 

salam. 
Good -faith, n, nek niyati. 
Good-naiure, n, nek-khaslat, kliiish- 

tabji. 
Goodness, n, khiibi, neki, bhalai, 

kniishi, -khair-o -khiibi. 
(Jo^d-night, n. masa-ul-khair, sha- 

bul-kliair. 
Goods, n, asbab, chiz-bast. mal-o- 

mata. 
Goodwill, n, khair-khwalii, nek-an- 

deshi. 
Goose, w. bans, raj -bans. " 
Gooseberry, w. karonde-ki-qisni, me- 

wa-ki-qism. . 
tjrordian, a. mushkil, dusliwar. 
Gore, V, sing marna, ya bhonkna. 
Gore, n, khiin, garha-lohii. 
Gorge, w. gala, halaq, tang-rah. 
Gorge, V, nigalna, halaq tak khana. 
Gorgeous, a. raunaqdar, azim-ush- 

shan, bhar-kila. ' 
Gormandize, v. bhakna, bhakosna, 

nigalna. 
Gory, a. lohii-lohan, lohumen tar- 

ba-tar. [cha. 

Gosling, n, bans ya bafcakh ka bach- 
Gospel, n. injil, khiish-khabari. wahi. 
Gossamer, n. makri ka ek patla jala. 
Gossip, w. bat-chit, gnft-go, harza- 

gard, behiida-go. 
Gossip, V, bat-chit k., gap-shap 



mama. 



Gossoon, n. larka, nankar. 
Got, />. 2^. paya, hasil kiya, yaft. 
Gothic, «. qaum-i-Goth ki tarah, 

gawiinru, wahshi. 
Gonrd, n. kaddii, lauki, petha. 
Gont, n. naqns. 



Govern, r. hnkumat k., farman-ra- 

wai k., thanibhna. 
Govemess, w. listani, atiin. 
Government, n. hnkumat, riyasat, 

liukamrani, amal. 
Governor, n. hakim, farman-rawa, 

amil, ndzim, sardar. 
Gown, n. pairahan, labada, jama, 

chapkan, peshwaz, Ihenga. 
Gownsman, n, qaniindani ka pesha 

karne wala, jamii posh. 
Grabble, v. tatolna, lotna ya hath 

panw marna. 
Grace, n. fazl, faiz, taufiq, inayat, 

mihrbani, lutf, fazilat, jamal, za- 

rafat, haziir. 
Grace, v, arasta k., ^raish d., zebd., 

raunaq d. 
Graceful, a. jamil, zarif, latif, muaz- 

,zaz, sajila. 
Gracefulness, n. zebai, zarafat, lutf, 

jamal. 
Gracious, a. karim, rahim, mihrban, 

latif. 
Graciously, ad, mihrban i-se, nawa- 

zish-se. 
Gradation, n. darja, tadrij, tartib, 

silsila. 
Grade, n. darja, rntba, martaba. 
Gradient, a, chalnc wala, iitarta, 

charta. 
Gradual, a. darja-ba-darja, batadrij, 

zarra zajra. 
Gradually, acL darja-ba-darja, qa- 

dam-ba-qadam, rafta-rafta. 
Graduate, v. taraqqi d., charhana, 

darja pan a. 
Graft, n. qalam, shakh, paiwand. 
Graft, V. paiwand k., qalam lagani. 
Grail, n. durud nama, munajat ki 

kitab. / 

Grain, n. anaj, galla, dana, ratti, 

zarra, reza, lakri ki nas, resha. 
Grained, a, kharkhara, dardara. 
Gramineous, a. ghasila, ghas-sa. 
Grammar, n. sarf-o-naho, qaida. 
Grammarian, n. qaida-dan, ahl-i- 

sarf-o-naho. 
Grammatical, a. ba-qaida, muwafiq- 

i- sarf-o-naho. 
Grammatically, ad, qaide-se, bataur- 

i-sarf-o-naho. 



GRA 



123 



GRE 



Grampus, w. ek qisni ki bari raaclilili. 
Granary, w. gola, ambar-khana, gal- 

la-kliana. 
Grand, a. azini, kabir, bara, nuiaz- 

zaz, buzurgwar. 
Grandchild, n, pota, poti, nati, natin, 

nawasa, pisa»^-zada. 
Grand-daughter, s. poti, natin na- 

wasi. 
Grandee, n. limda, amir, shai'if rukn. 
Grandeur, n. azraat, buzurgwari, ba- 

rai, shan-o-shaukat, hashmat. 
Grandfather, w. dada, nana, jadd. 
Grandmother, n. dadi, nani. 
Grandson, n, pota, nati, nawasa, pi- 

sar-zada. 
Grange, n, ambar-khana ya galla- 

ahdnd. 
Granite, n. pathar ki qism, sang- 

lakh. ' 

Granivorous, n, dana-khor, galla- 

kbor kird. 
Grant, v. dena, bakhshpa, qabiil k., 

in ay at k. 
Grant, n, bakhshish, ata, dan, iiidm. 
Granular, a. dtina sa, dana-dar. 
Granulate, v, dana-dar hojana, dana- 

dana hojana, angiir lana. 
Granule, n, ddna, rawa, kani, raiza. 
Grape, n, angiir, unab. 
Graphic, Graphical, «. mubaiyan, 

musharrah, bakhiibi bayan kiya 

hiia, munaqqash. 
Grapple, Grapnel, n. kamand, kanta. 
Grapple, v, kushti k., pakarna, 

changul ae pakarna. 
Grasp, n. qabza, panja, girift, pakar. 
Grasp, V. pakarna, glierna, girift k. 
Grass, 71. ghas, kah, giyah, alaf. 
Grass blade, n, tinka, ghds ka patta. 
Grasscutter, n. ghasiyara. 
Grasshopper, n, phunga, tidda, ankli- 

phora. [yah. 

Grassy, a. ghasila, kah-dar, ptirgi- 
Grate, n. jhanjhri, atish-dan, mu- 

shnbbak, angithi. 
Grate, v. ragarna, ghisiia, charchara- 

na, azdr d., bezar k. 
Grateful, a. ilisan-mand, shukr gu- 

zar, namak-halal. 
Gratification, n. farhat, tafrih, khu- 

shi, khatirdari. 



Gratify, v. kliush k., khatirnawazi 

k., maqsadwar k. 
Grating, a. jhanjhri, mushabbak, 

jali. 
Gratis, a. muft, yunlii, sent. 
Gratitude, n. shukr-guzari, ihsan- 

mandi, namak-halali, haqq-shi- 

nasi. 
Gratuitous, a. muft, yiiijhi, inanii, 

be-sabiit. 
Gratuity, n. inam, ata, bakhshish. 
Gratulate, v. mubarak-bad kahna, 

tahniyat kahna. 
Gratulatory, a. mubarak-badi-aniez, 

tahniyat-aniez. 
Grave, w. gor, qabr, mazar, madfan. 
Grave, a. sanjida, muhib, bhari, 

sada, na-tabdar. 
Grave, v, khodna, kandak. 
Gravel, n. kankar, kankari, sang- 

reza, bajri. 
Gravel, v. la-jawab k., kutna, kan- 
kar dalna. 
Gmrid, a. hamila, bar-dar ya um- 

med se. 
Gravitate, v, jhukna, rnjn h., mail h. 
Gravitation, n. mailaii, istirjd, jhu- 

kao, kashish. 
Gravity, n, sanjidagi, shiklimandi, 

tanikanat, saqalat. 
Gravy, n. ab-gosht, yakhni, ab-josh. 
Gray , a. khakistari, shanjabi, bhiira. 
Graze, r. pharua, chugua, ragra 

khan a. 
Grazier, n. charysaha, rakhwalii. 
Grease, n. charbi, rangan. 
Grease, v. charbi rnalna, raugan 

lagan a. 
Greasy, a, charbidar, chikna,raugani. 
Great, a, bara, azini, kalan, buzrg- 

Avar. qadir, auwal, hamila. 
Greatly, ad. bahnt, nihayat, bashid- 

dat, buzurgana, dilerana. 
Greatness, n. bariii, kaldui, bnziirgi, 

unidagi, ziyadti. 
Greaves, n. tangou ke liye baktar ya 

silah. 
Greece, w. Yiiiiau. 
Greediness, n. lalach, tania, liirs, 

shauq. 
Greedy, a. mar-bhukha, liaris, taini^ 

lalchi, lobhi. 



GRI 



124 



GliU 



Green, a. sabz, hara, naya, taza, 

kaclicha, tar. 
Green, n. sabzd, margzar, eabz-zar. 
Green-eyed, n. kanja, arzaq eh ash m. 
Greenness, n. sabzi, tazagi, tar-o- 

tazagi, kliami, na-azmiida-kjlri. 
Greens, n. sag, sabzi, tarkari. 
Greet, v. saliiin k., sahib-salaniat k., 

mubarak-bad kahna. 
-Greeting, w. s^hib-salamat, salam. 
Greffier, n. munshi, moburrir. 
Gregarious, a. jhundli bandh kar 

rahnewala, unsi. 
Grenade, n, bariit se bharahua gola, 

pan, hiiqqa. 
Grenadier, n. lamba ya qadd-awar- 

sipahi, garandil. 
Greyhound, n. tazi-kutta, shikari- 

kntta. 
Gridiron, n. atish-dan, gosht ya ka- 

bab pakdne ki angithi. 
Grief, n. gam, alam, ranj, afsos, 

dnkh. 
Grievance, w. azar, sakhti, znlm, 

shiddat, dukh. 
Grieve, v. dzar d., ranj d., gham d,, 

bezark., gham-khana. 
Grieved, a, ghamgin, dilgir, ranjidd. 
Grievous, a. dukb-dai, dard-angez, 

gham-nak. 
Grill, r. bhdnna, biriyan k., kabab k. 
Grim, a. zisht-ru, durusht, muhib, 

tursh-rii. 
Grimace, n. khis, bandarbhao, rii- 

kashi, mun.h-banana. 
Grime, v. maila k., aliida k. 
Grin, v, dant nikalna, khisiyana, 

khis nikalna, dant-kitkitami. 
Grind, v. pisna, biikna, tez k., chik- 

na k., barik k. 
Grinder, n, pisan-hara, chakki, battd,. 
Gripe, n. pakar, girift, qabza, nichor, 

zulm, marora, dard-i-sliikam. 
Gripe, v. pakarna, nochna, marorna, 

pisna, daband. 
Gristle, n. kurri, chabni ya mur- 

muri-haddi. 
Grit, n. kani, dali ya kankar, kir- 

kara, reg, sangreza. 
Gritty, a, balii-pur, kirkira, reg- 

araez, letila. 
Grizzle, n. bhiira, khakis tari rang. 



Groan, n, lih-o-zari, wd-waila, nala. 
Groan, t\ karahna, ah-o-zdri k., 

nala k. 
Grocer, w. pan sari, baqqal. 
Groin, to. chaddha, janghasa. 
Groom, w. sais, naukar. 
Groove, n. jauf, shigaf, khana, nali. 
Groove, v, jauf-banana, khodua. 
Grope, V, tatolna, tond. 
Gross, a. mota, jasim, tanawar, 

bhari, azini, ahmaq. 
Gross, w. majmiia, kull, tamdm, 

aksar, ck saa chaualis adad. 
Grot, Grotto, n, kboh, kunj, ghar, 

gosh a. 
Grotesque, a. bad-surat, kai, tirchha. 
Ground, n. zamin, arz, mitti, buny^ 

asl, sabab, bais. 
Ground, v. zamin par rakhna, puri 

k., kdmil k., bina dalna, muqar- 

rar k. 
Groundless, a. be-sabab, bc-bais, 

be-mujib, be-(hikana, na-haqq. 
Groundi>lot, n. kursi, taur, tarab. 
Ground-rent, n. mal-guzari, zamin 

ka kiraya. 
Grounds, n. kath, mail, diu*d, kudti- 

rat. 
Groundwork, 7i. asl, bunydd, sabab.. 
Group, w. majma, jamaat, am boh. 
Group, V. batorna, jama k. 
Grove, n, kunj, darakht-zdr. 
Grovel, v. ringna, lotna, khwar ya 

faromaya h., khafif h., ya zalil k. 
Grow, V, ugna, jamna, barhna, hojd- 

na, bona. [nd. 

Growl, V. gurrana, karkarana, jhink- 
Growth, n. baihti, roidagi, balidagi, 

taraqqi, afzaish, paidaish, basil. 
Gnib, n. kira, kiri, kirmak, ghun. 
Grub, V. ukhama, khod-dalna. 
Grudge, n. kina adawat-i-batiiuV 

dusbmani. 
Grudge, v. kina rakhna, darogh k. 
G rudgingly, ad, narazi se, hasad sc. 
Gruel, n. lapsi, mand, pasao. . 
Gruff, a. durusht, tursb, sakht 

riikha. 
Grumble, v kurkurana, tartarani 

garajna, ghurrana. 
Grumbling, n, kurkurabat, barbara^ 

hat, ghargharahat. 



I 



(lUL 



125 



HAC 



Qtunt, Q run tie, v. gurrana. 

Guan, n, qism-i-chhipkali, bara 

girgit, gob. 
Gnarantee, n. zamin, kafil, zimmc- 

dar. 
. Guarantee, v. zimma k., zamin h., 

nmjia^ b. 
Guard, n, pahrd, nigahban, chanki- 

dar, hifazat. 
Guard, r. liifazat k., liimayat k., 

chanki d. 
Guarded, a. mahfiiz, khabardar, 

hosbiyar. 
Guardian, w. hdfiz, miibafiz, bami, 

amin. 
Guardiansbip, Gnardsbip, n. amini, 
amanatdari, mubafazat, nigalibani. 
jGuava, n. amriid, safri am. 
: Guess, n. qiyas, kbiydl, guman, 

anddza. 
Guess, V. qiyas k., kbiyal k., guman 

k., anda^a k. 
, Guest, n. mibman, warid, musafir, 

begdna. 
Quglet, 71. surabi, kiiza, jbdri. 
Giudance, r. bidayat, agwai; irsbad, 
. hukm.' 
Guide, n. rab-numa, rabbar, badi, 

mursbid. 
Guide, V. rab-numai k., bidayat k., 

talim k., cbaland. 
Guild, n, firqa. garob, jatba. 
Guile, n. bila, fareb, makr, daga- 

bazi. 
Guillotine, w. sir katne ki ck kal. 
Gtiilt, n. gunab, kbata, taqsir, qu- 

siir. 
.Quiltless, a. be-gduab be-taqsir, 

mubarra, masum. 
Guilty, a, gunab-gar, taqsir-war 

mujrim. 
Guinea, n. Angrczi asbrafi, qiraat 
men sarbe das rupaye ke bavdbar 
boti bai. 
Quise, n, siirat, sbakl, waza, taur, 

posbak. 
Guitar, n. sitar, qitar. 
Oulf, w. kol, kbalij, kund, iimaq, 
. gird^b. 
Gull, n. dbokba, cbbal, fareb, samun- 

dari bagla. 
OaH V, thagna, fareb d. 



Gullet, w. nali, balq, gala. * 

Gulp, n. gbiint, jura. 

Gulp, f. gbiintkarjana, nigalna, lilna. 

(jirm, n, gond, masiira lasa. 

Gun, n. baiidiiq, top. 

Gunner, n. golandaz, topcbi. 

Gunpowder, w. bariit, darii. 

Gusb, V, zor-se-jari k., bab-nikalnd. 

Guns took, V. top ka kunda, araba. 

Gust, 71. jbakora, zaiqa, maza. lazzat. 

Gusto, n. tamacba, cbapet, garmi, 

josb. 
Gut, n. ant, antri, roda. 
Gut, V. ant nikahia, sdf k. 
Gutter, n. mubri, parnala, abrez. 
Guttural, a, balqi, jo barf gale-men 

talaffuz kiya jata barf. 
Gymnastic, w. kusbti ya pabalwdni 

ki masbq. [balqd. 

Gyration, Gyre, n, gardisb, daur, 
Gyves, n. ben', paikari, zanjir-i-pa. 



H. 



H. Angrezi bariif tabajji kd atbwan 

barf. 
Ha, iiit. wab-wab! bae-bae! ba-ba! 

subban-allab. 
Haberdasber, n. bisati, patwa, par- 

cbe-farosb, dast farosb. 
Habiliment, n. libas, posbak. 
Habit, n. adat, kbo, dastiir, waza, 

libas, mamiil. 
Habit, V. arasta k., sajana, kbo- 

dalna. 
Habitable, a, qabil-i-istiqamat, rab- 

ne-ke-laiq. 
Habitant, n. sdkin, basbinda, rabne- 

wala. 
Habitation, n. makan, gbar, sakii- 

nat, baweli. 
Habitual, 7i, dasturi, rasmi, rawaji, 

mamiili. 
Habituate, v. kbo-dalna, adat pakar- 

na, mamiil bandbna. 
Habituate, Habituated, a. kbo-gar, 

murawwaj, mustamal. 
Hack, V. tukre tukre k,, para para 

k., katna. 
Hack, 71. kiraye ka gbora ya gari. 
Hackney, w.- V\ttv\, V\\^^<i V^ ^x^^v^j^ 

y*a gari, ii\^7i<\vu. 



HAL 



126 



HAN 



Haft, n, dasta, qabza, talwiir ki 

muntli. 
Haft, V, dasta ya qabza lagana. 
Hag, n. bad-siirat aurat, cliur'ail, 

jadii-garni. 
Hag, V. darana, satana, dukh-dena. 
Haggard, a. lagar, bad-shakl, zisht- 

ni. jangli. 
Haggle, V, katkiit k., kiitarna, jhan- 

jliat k. 
Hagiographa, n.pl. kitabi, muqaddas. 
Hail, n. ola, patthar, tagarg, zhala; 

salam, mubdrak. 
Hail, V. ole pania, sahib-salamat k., 

bulana. 
Hail, a. choklia, kbiib, bliala. 
Hailstone, n, ola, zbala, tagarg. 
Hair, n, bal, mu, kes, pashani, sLi- 

gaf. 
Hair-brained, a. wahshi, nim diwana. 
Hairy, a. uiiie-dar, miiina, bal-dar, 

paslimi. 
Halberd or Halbert, n. ganrasa, 

tesha, barcha. 
Hftle, a. bliala-cLanga, tan durst, 

taza, t a wan a. 
Hale, V, gliasitna. 
Half, a. adha, nisf, nim. 
Half-blooded, a, do-nasla, zalil, paji. 
Half-brother, n, santela bhai. 
Halfway, n adha-rasta, darraiyan. 
Half-witted, a. kam-aql, liirza-go, 

be-waqif. 
Halidora, n. qasam. 
Hall, n. dalan, aiwan, diwan-khana. 
Halltelujah, n. tasbih-o-tahlil, al- 
ii amdu-lillahi. 
Halloo, V. lalkdrna, pukarna. 
Hallow, V, muqaddas k., taqdis k. 
Hallowed, a. muqaddas, pak. 
Hallucinate, v. bhiil k., cliiikna, 

dhoka kliana. 
Halo, n. hala, kundal, mandal. 
Halt, Halting, n, rauqam, langrahat, 

atak, thalirao. 
Halt, V, langrana, thaharjana, mu- 

qam k. [pagba. 

Halter, n, phansi, bag-dor, agari, 
Halter, V. phansi dalna, pakarna, 

rassi se bandhnd. 
Halve, V, adhiyana, do-nim k., nis- 

fa-nisfi k. 



Ham, n. ran, jdngh, siiar ki nim! 

ran. 
Hamate, a, ankri-dar. 
Hamlet, w. kher^, gaon, dib. 
Hammer, n, martol, hathaura, 

thauri. 
Hammer, v. thokna, marna, g«rli 
Hammock, n. jahazi-khat, bichha 

jo jhalue sarikhd hota hai. 
Hamper, n, dala, dalyd, tokri, hi 
Hamper, v. uljhana, phansana, p( 

men dalna, azar d., beri dalna. 
Hamstring, n. ran ya jangh ki 

gen. 
Hamstring, v. putthe katna, la 

ra k. 
Hand, n. hdth, dast, panja, kli 

likha, qabza, taraf, maharat, d 

kari. 
Hand, v. dena, liathn hath soii] 

hatli pakar ke lejana. 
HandbaiTow, n. gari jo hail 

chalai jati hai. 
Handbreadth, n. hath bhar chai 
Handcuff, n. hath-kari. 
Handcuff, v. hath-kari dalna. 
Handful, n, muthi-bhar, pur-mi] 

chunggi. 
Handicraft, w. dast-kari, hn 

kari-gari, hirfat. 
Handiness, n. dast-kari, dast-c 

liyat, tezdasti. 
Handkerchief, n. riimal, dast- 

angochha. 
Handle, n. dasta, qabza, bent. 
Handle, v. hath lagana, muamal 

bayan k. 
Handmaid, n. dasi, laundi, kj 

saheli. 
Haiidmill, n. chakki, asiya. 
Handsel, n, buhni, pahli farokh 
Handsel, v, buhni k. 
Handsome, a. khubsiirat, khus 

ma, hasin, jamil, khiib, krim. 
Handsomely, ad. ba-khiibij, kar 

na, jawdnmardi-se, khiibsurat 
Handsomeness, n. khubi, jawan 

di, karamat. 
Handwriting, n, dast-khat, hatl 

likha. 
Handy, a. dast-kar, tez-dast, ( 

qalil. 



HAR 



127 



HAR 



latkana, tangiia, pliansi d., 
jliukana, faromail k., la- 

Ifauger-on, n. damangir, 
lior. 

8, Hanging, n, diwar-giri, 
jhalar. 

I, n. jallad, phansi dena- 
ar-kash. 

plienti, pechak, lachclilia, 
an til. 

anti banana, pechak .ba- 

;. dil lagana, niliayat khwa- 

g, n. mail, ragbat, shauq, 

sh. 

ittifaq, sarguzasht, hadisa, 

, bakht. 



r I ' I t 



pain a, ajana. 
a, kam-bakht, be-nasib. 
/. shay ad, ittifaqan, nagah. 
V, hojana, aparna, waqi h. 
ad, khushi-se, ba-khair-o- 

s, n. khushi, saadat, asiida- 

Imrani. 

a, khush, shdd, saadat- 

kaniran, nasib-war, dsiida- 

i, n, kalam, taqrir, khitab, 

, wa'z. 

V, thakana, satana, taklif 

ia d. 

, a. diqq. dukhi, ajiz, heran. 

r, n agwa, peshrau, mu- 

1. 

n. bandar, pan ah, asra. 

V. basna, ya rahna, panali 

ahman h. 

sakht, kara, mazbiit, dush- 

iishkil, shadid, bhari. 

'. qarib. nazdik, pas, ma- 

t-se, niihnat-se jaldi, shi- 

•r-se, shiddat-se. 

V. sakht k., kara k., path- 

arqarar \\ 

)ured, a. zisht-rii, karih- 

, turshni. 

id, a. lobhi, lalchi, bakhil. 

rted, a, sang-dil, be-ralim. 



Hardihood, Hardiness, n. dileri, 

niuzbiiti, gustaklii. 
Hardly, ad. mushkil-se, dushwari- 

se, durushti-so. 
Hardmouthed, a. munh-zor, bad- 

lagana, sar-kash. 
Hardness, n, mazbiiti, sangini, 

sakhti, dushwari, sangdili, du- 

rushti, be-dardi. 
Hardship, n. sakht niihnat, tasdia, 

ranj, musibat. 
Hardware, n, asbab-i-ahan, lohe wa- 

gaira ki chizen. 
H-ardly, a. mazbiit, shah-zor, qavi, 

diler, mardana. 
Hare, n. khargosh, kharha. 
Harebrained, a. chanchal, hawasi- 

bakhta, mast. 
Harem, n. haram-sarai, zanan-khana. 
Hark, int, suno, kan rakho. 
Harlot, n. kasbi, fahisha. chhinal. 
Harlot, V, masti k., kasab k., shah- 

wat k. 
Harm, n, nuqsan, ziyan, zarar, za- 

biini. [lif d. 

Harm, v. nuqsan k., ziydn k., tak- 
Harmless, a. be-nuqsan, be-ziyan, 

be-gunah, bhola. 
Harmonic, Harmonious, a, ham- 

ahang, khush-awaz, muwafiq. 
Harmonist, w. miisiqi-dan, gawaiya, 

mutrib. 
Harmonize, v» awaz milaua, khush- 

awaz k.> muwafiq k. 
Hfirness, n. ghoron-ka-saz, saman, 

saranjam, silah. 
Harness, v. saz lagana, silah pah- 



nan a. 



Harp, w. barbat, chang, bin-nawaz. 
Hai*p, V. chang bajana, bin-bajana. 
Harper, Harpist, n. bjirbat nawdz, 

chang nawaz, bin-nawaz. 
Harpoon, n. barchhi, ballam, bhala. 
Harpoon, v, bhale se, mama,. 
HaiTier, n. khargosh ka shikar kame 

ke liye kutta. 
Harrow, w. fiarawsin, paiila, henga. 
Harry, v, chhenui, satana, lutna. 
Harsli, a. kara, tursli, talkh, na- 

khush, durusht, tursli-mizaj. 
Harshness, w. kluirkharahat, sakhti, 

turshi, talkhi, durushti, shiddat. 



HAZ 



128 



HEA 



Hart, n, liaran, harna, ahii. 
Harvest, n, fasl-i-kliarif, kliirman. 

mahsiil, samara. 
Hash, r. qimti Ic, tukni tiik^d k. 
Hasp, «. zanjir, kari, kunda. 
Hasp, V, zanjir ya kari lagana, zan- 
jir se bandh dalha. 
Hassock, n. sajjada, qism-i-mtisalla. 
Haste, n. jaldi, sliitabi, chalaki, 

jhapat. 
Hasten, v, jaldi k., shitabi k., daur- 

nii, dauiana. 
Hastily, ad, jaldi-sc, turt, jhapat-ke 

be-tadbiri-se. 
Hasty, a. jald, sldtab, be-lihaz, 

tundkho, tez-mizaj. 
Hat, n, topi, kiilah. 
Hatch, V. seona, bachcha nikalna, 

bandhua, uthana. 
Hatch, n. jhol, nim darwaza. 
Hatchet, n. tabar, kulha i. 
Hate, V. nnfrat k., kind r., karahi- 

yat L, dushniani r. 
Hateful, rt. niakriih, karih, bura, 

bad-khwah. 
Hatred, n. nafrat, karahiyat, dush- 

mani. 
Hauberk, n, bagair astin ki silah. 
Hjuightiness, n. gurnr, magriiri, 

takabbur, ghamand. 
Haughty, a. magriir, niutakabbir, 

ghamaiidi. 
Haul. V. khinchna, ghasitna, ainchnti. 
Haul, n, khincli, kashish. 
Haum, n. piar, karbi, dantha. 
Haunch n. ran, jang, putthd, 
Haunt, V. amad-o-raft k., aya-jaya 

k., ralma. 
Haunt, n. amad-o-raft-ki jagah, thi- 

kana, adda. 
Hautfmr, n. gurur, takabbur, kibr. 
Have, V. raklma^ pana, pas h., dakhl 

k., tasarruf-men lena. 
Hav(in, n. band-nr, kol, panah. 
Havoc, n. khanibi, tabahi, wirani. 
Hawk, n. baz, jurra, sliahin. 
Hawk, V. tiitparna. parand par baz 

chhorna, klmnkhamd. 
Hawkev, n. plieri-wala, dast-farosh. 
Hay, n. siiklu ghas, alaf. 
Hazard, n. andesha, khatra, jokhim, 

ji'ia, qimarbazi. 



Hazard, v. khatre men girn^ baUtlQ 

azmai k. I 

Haze, n. kuliira, dhundh. |n 

Hazel, w. ek jhari jis men phal hotfl 

hai. |h 

He, p. woh, wuh, usne. I 

Head, n. sar, mund, sarddr, saliuR 

awwal jagah, aql, taqat. | 

Head, v. sardar h., salar h., liuMH 

mat k. I3 

Headache, n. dard-i-sar, sir-dukh. p 
Flead-band, n. sar-band, pagri. I 
Headland, n. sar-i-zamin, ras-i-jabailj]i 
Headlong, a. aundha-sir, samigtb,! 

te-lihaz. |l 

Headman, n, sardar, mir. m 

Headsman, n. jallad, qatil. I 

Headstrong, a. sar-kash, magiiw 
Heal, V, changa, k., shifa d., ajinl 

k., rafa k. 1] 

Health n, tandurasti, sihhat, &dbia>| 

dfiyat. I 

Healthy, a. bhalachanga, tandiiraflt»l 

sahib-o-salim. I 

Heap, n, dher, am bar, ti\da. 1 

Heap, V, dher lagana, ambar L,' 

jania k., ganjhnd. 
Hear, v, sunnd, kan lagana, mut*- 

wajjih b. 
Hearer, n, sunne-wala, sama. 
Hearing, ». sun aw at, samaat, istima. 
Hearken, v. sunnji, kan lagani ji 

dharna, lihaz k. 
Hearsay, n. suni-sunai-bjlt, i^hiibrat^ 

afwah. 

Hearse, n, murda-ki-ga' i. 
Heart, «. dil, qalb, khatir, dartin^ 

magz, guda, shafaqat, muhabbat 

ya nafs. 
Heartache, n, dard-i-dil, dil-tangi> 

gam. 
Heart-burn, w. dard-i-shikm, kaleje 

ki jnlan. 
Heart-burning, n, kin a, bugz, ni- 

khushi. 

« 

Heart-easing, n. dil-aram, rahat> 

bakhsh. 
Hearten, v. himmat d., qiiwwat d., 

dilasa d. 
Hearth, n. chiilha, atishdan. 
Heartily, ad, dil-o-jan-se, dil-khol" 

ke, sadiqana. 



HEE 



129 



HEM* 



ss, a. be-dil, na-mard, be- 
, sang-dil. 

a. taudunist, qawi, sar- 
, sadiq, saf-dil. 
. garnii, tab, hararat, at ash- 
1. 
'.. garm k., garmana, josh 



ana. 



, a. garm, t^bdar, gazab-nak. 
n, jhar-dar niaidaii, jhari. 
Q, n. but-parast, mushrik, 



[lism, n. but-parasti, kufr, 
at. 

n. phiilan, koshish, uthan. 
V. uthana, phenkna, phulna, 
bnti. 

, n, asman, falak, bihisht, 
X, Allah. . 

ly, a, asmani, falaki, bihish- 
nnati. 

sss, n. wazn, bojha, bar, sa- 

, Tanj, gam, susti, gam-gini. 

a. bhari, sangin, saqil, gam- 



.hrnaq. 

iiad, n. haftd, sat din. 

iiadal, Hebdomadary, a, liaf- 

r, harhafta. 

t, V, knnd-zihn k., kniid k. 

do, n. kund-zilnii, kaudani. 

r, w. Ibrani, Yahiidi; Yahii- 

ban. 

mb, w. sau bail ki qnrbani. 

Hectical, a. mamuli, zati 
lidiiishi, madqiiq. 
, n. sheklii-baz, kalla-zan, 
n. 

, n. bar, bar a, ihata, ghera, 
3andi. 

, V. bar lagan a, chhipna, luk- 
a dabakna, gherna. 
iiog, n. sahi, khar-pusht. 
pig, n. sahi ka bachcha. 
n. dliiyau, lihaz, khabardari. 
V. khayal k., lihaz k., dil d., 
k. 
il, a. khabardar, mutawajjih, 

yjii'. 

IS 8, a, gafil, be-khabar, be- 

1. eri, pashna. 



Heel, V, nachna ya nach^na, eri jor- 

na ya lagana. 
Heft, n, koshish ya jumbish, hanph- 

ni. 
Hegira, n. san-i-hijri. 
Heifer, n, bachhiya, kalor, osar. 
Height^ n. linchai, bulandi, fardzi, 

kamal, tamam. 
Heighten, t\ lincha k., barhdna, 

charhana, ziyada k., buland k. 
Heinous, a. sharir, shadid, zabdn- 

sakht. 
Heir, w. waris, wali-ahd, haqq-dar. 
Heir, v. waris h., miras lena. 
Heirdom, n, wirasat, miras. 
Heiress, w. warisa, zan-i-haq-dar. 
Heirloom, «. manriisi, mal-i-man- 

qiila. 
Held. p. t, and p. p. of hold; pakra, 

waqi hlid. 
Heliac, Heliacal, a. aftdb ki roshni 

se nikalne wala ya us men baith- 

ne wala. 
Helioscope, w. diir-bin, dftdb-bin. 



gamgin, dushwar, sust, ka- Helix, n, pech-dar khat, pech. 



Hell, n. jahannam, dozakh, saqar. 
Hellebore, w. kutki, qism-i-pauda. 
Hellenist, n. yiinanl zaban men ma- 

hir ya alim shakhs. 
Helm, n. patwar, sukkan, khod, 

maghfar. 
Helmed, a. khod-dar. 
Helmet, n. khod, maghfar. 
Helmsman, .n. manjhi. 
Help, n, madad, imdad, madadgdri, 

dastgiri, istiaiuit. 
Help, V. m.'idad k., imdad k., yari 

k., dast d. . [fid. 

Helpful, a, madadgar, mudwin, mu- 
Helpless, a. be-chara, la-char, be- 

maqdiir, la-'ilaj. 
Helpmate, n. sathi, madadgar. 
H el ter skelter, ad, lilaj-piilajh, be- 

tartib-se, daura-daur. 
Helve, n. kulhari ka bent ya dast. 
Hem, n. magzi, sanjaf, kor. 
Hemicyde, n. nisf-daira. 
Hemisphere, w. nisf-ul-arz, nimkurd. 
Hemistich, w. misra, nisf bet. [sir. 
Hemorrhage, n. jiryan-i-khan, nak- 
Hemorrhoids, w. bawasir. 
Hemp, Ti, san, pat, patud. 



Q 



HER 



130 



I] I A 



Hen, n, murgi, mada, makiyan. 
Hence, ad. yahan se, idliar se, is- 

waste, isliye, is-masdar-se, diir- 

ho, cliale-jao. 
Henroost, n. murg khana. 
Henceforth, Henceforward, ad, ab-» 

se, is-waqt-se. bad iskc, ainda. 
Heptagon, n. haft-gosha, haft-pahlii, 

musabba'. 
Heptamerede, w, jo shai sat Lisson 

men taqsim karti liai. 
Heptarcliy, n. ek Id waqt sat bad- 

sbabon ki baham milke ek mulk 
' par hukiimat. 
Her, pr. uska, usko. 
Herald, n. munadi, clchi, pesb-ran. 
Heraldic, a. fann-i-ansab nawisi aur 

tagma-dani ke muta'alliq, clcbi- 

gari ke muta'alliq. 
Herb, n. nabatat, jbari, sabza. 
Herbage, n, ghas-pat, sabza, cbarai, 

nabatat. 
Herbal, a. nabatati, nabati. 
Herbal, w. nabatat ki kitab, sukbi 

jari ka majma*. 
Herbary, n, nabatat ka bagb. 
Herculean, a. harkyiiliz ke maniud, 

kalan ya azim, baluit-muzbiU. 
Herd, n. galla, jhnnd, jatlia, gnroli. 
Herdnaan, Herdsman, w. galla-ban, 

cb ai'wal \ a, gufila. 
Hero, ad, yaban, is jagab, idbar. 
Hereabout, kabin-idbar, yaliin ka- 

hin. 
Hereafter, ad. bad iske, bad azin, 



Heritage, n. irs, miras, wirasa^lj 

warsa. I £ 

Hemi aphrodite, w. khunsd, miikhan- 1 ^ 

nas, hijra. Ig 

H ermen eu tic, H ermen eutical, a, sam- 

jhane wala. ig 

Hermetic, Hermctical, a. kimiyai. Ig 
Hcrinit, n. gosba-nashin, sahii-lg: 

nashin, zahid, sannyasi. I 

Hermitage, n. gosh a, bujra, khQw^iin 

11'' I 



khana. 



H 



Hereby, ad, isso, is par, azin. 
Hereditary, a. maunisi. niilki, abai. 
Herein, ad, is-'men, is-bich. 
Hcresiarch, «. nudlMdon ka sardar, 

kafiron ka sardar. 
Heresy, n, bid'at. ilbad. 
Heretic, n. bid'ati, mulbid, kafir. 
Hereto, Hereunto, ad, yahan tak, 

ab tak. 
Heretofore, ad. peshtar, qabl azin, 

sabiq men. 
Herewith, ad. iske-sath, ba-in, usi- 

waqt. 
Heriot, n. khiraj ya jurmana jo kisi 

asami ke marjanc par zamindar 

ko diya jatdhai. 



Hernia, n, fataq ya fatq, bad khayi L 
Hero, n, bahadur, gazi-mard, rua- 

tam. II 

Heroic, Heroical, a. balladur4IU^ 

dilerana, gazimard, diler. 
Heroine, n. bahadurni, bahadur- ij 

aur at. 
Heroism, n. bahaduri, sliuja'at, jur- 
at, dileri. [li 
Heron, Hern, n. qism-i-parand, bag- 
Herpes, 71. dad, khaj, khasra. 
Herring, n, ek chhoti machhli. 
Herself p, ap, aphi, kbud. 
Hesitate, v. pas-o-pesh k., hais-bais 

niei} h., waswas k. 
Hesitation, n, pas-o-pesh, hais-bais, 

shnbba, waswas, shakk. 
Heterarchy. n, Jijnabi ka amal. 
Heterorclite, n, be-qa'ida-lafz, khi- 

laf-i-dastur alfaz. 
Heterodox, a, khilf-i-din, bid'ati, 

khariji, ilhadi, jhiitha. 
Heterogcne, Heterogeneous, a. ni- 

muwafiq, gair-jins, mukhalif. 
Deteroscian, a, jiska saya sirf ek hi 

taraf parta hai. 
Hew. V. k^t dalna, tarashna, kulhdyi 

se katna, garhna. 
Hexagon, n, shash-pahlii, sbakl-i- 

musaddas. 
Hexagonal, a, sbasli-gosha, shash- 

pahlii, musaddas. 
Hexameter, n. musaddas-bait. 
Hexapod, n, shasb-paya janwar, 

chhe pair ka janwar. 
Hexastich, n. chha misra' ka qasidd 

yd gazal. 
Hey, int, jay-jay, abba, ohho. 
Heyday, int, wah-wah, shibasli, kya- 

khiib. 
Hiatus, n. shigdf ya shikaf, darz. 



HIN 



131 



HOA 



Eibemate, v, jaya kand. 
Eibernal, a. sarmai, zamistani. 
Hiccough, Hiccup, w. hichki. 
Hidden, a. chhip4, posbida, nihufta, 

makhfi. 
Hide, V, chhipana, posliidd k., lukana. 
Hide, n, khaJ, chamra, post. 
Hideous, a, zisht-rd, bad-siirat, mak- 

nih, khauf-ndk. 
Hie, V. jaldi chalnd, shitabi k. 
Hierarch, w. pif, murshid, parohit. 
Hierarchy, n. firishton kd darja, dini 

intizam ya hukiimat. 
Hieroglyphic, n. harf-i-naqshi. 
liieroglyph, Hierographic, a. pak 

nawishte se mansiib. 
Eierophant, n, murshid, pir, imam. 
Higgle, V, len-den men jhagarna, 

pheri karke bechtia. 
High, a. dncha, buland, faraz, ali, 

magriir, mutakabbir, garan, mah- 

anga. 
High-aimed, a. buland hausila, bu- 
land nazar. 
Highlander, n, pahdri, kohistani. 
Highly, ad. bahut, nihdyat, bashid- 

dat, ziyada. 
Ilighminded, a. mutakabbir, mag- 

nir, d'li-taba. 
Highness, n, linchai, bulandi, haz- 

rat, janab-i-ali. 
High-treason, n, bagawat, khiyauat, 

namak-hard,mi. 
High-water, n. jawar, charhao. 
Highway, n. shah-rah, sarak, bara- 

rdsta, shari'-amm. 
Highwayman, n. rah-zan, qazzaq. 
Hilarity, n. khusli dill ya hali, hansi 

khushi. [khs. 

5ilding, n: kamimd ya buz-dil sha- 
Hill, n. chhota pahar, pushta, tila* 
Hilling, n, majma, ijtimd. 
Hillock, n. tila, pahari. 
Hilly, a. pahari, zamin-koh sar.. 
Hilt, n. miith, qabza, dasta. 
Hilted, a. qabza-dar, dasta-dar. 
Him, p. usko, isko. 
Himself, n. ap, dp-hi, kliud. 
Hind, w. harni, barah-singha. 
Hind, Hinder, a. pichhla, pichhwara. 
Hinder, v, rokna, atkana,^ mand k., 

muzahamat k., harj k» 



Hinderance, atkao, rukao, muzaha- 

mat, roktok. 
Hindermost, a. pichhla, akhir. 
Hinge, w. qabza, nar-mada, chiil, 

qulaba. 
Hinge, v, qabza yd qulaba lagaua, 

phirnd, mauqiif h. 
Hint, n, ishara, kinaya, ima, ramz. 
Hint, V, ishara k., kinaya ya ramz k. 
Hip, n. kiila, puttha, surin; sada- 

gulab kd phiU. 
Hip, Hipped, llippish, a. afsurda- 

dil, pazmurda-dil. 
Hippocamp, n. samundri ghord. 
Hippocentaur, n, naqli ajdib-kliil-^ 

qat. 
Hippogriff, n. par-ddr ghord. 
Hippopotamus, n. daryai ghord 
Hire, n, kirdyd, ujrat, mazduri,. 

bhdra. 
Hire, v, kirdyd lend, ryd k., bhdra d. 
Hireling, w. ujrat-dd, mazdiir, the- 

keddr. 
Hirsute, a. kharkhard, riikhd. 
His, p. uskd, iskd. 
Hiss, n. phunkdr, sansandhaf, sanp 

ki si phuphkdr. 
Hiss, V. phiinkdrnd, phanpliandnd^ 

tali mdrnd. • ^^ 

Hist, mt, chup, chnp raho. 
Historian, n, tawdrikh-dan, mmvar- 

rikh, tdrikh^navis. 
History, n, tarikh, tawarikh dastan,. 

qissa.^ 
Hit, V. mdmd, Tagdna, pahuiichna. 
Hitch, n, rukaw, rok, rukdwat, 

phanda. 
Hither, ad. yahdn, idhar, is-taraf. 
Hitherto, ad. ab-tak, hinoz, yalian- 

tak. 
Hive, n. chattd, zambiir khdna. 
Hoar, a. sufaid, pakkd, pliapliundi- 

yahd. 
Hoard, n. panji, may a, jama, ganj. 
Hoard, v, jama k., ganj k. 
Hoar-frost, n. paid, kohra. 
Hoarse, a, blidri awaz, gulii-girifta. 
Hoarseness, n, giriftagi awaz, giilii- 

giriftagi. 
Hoary, a. sufaid, pakka-bal. 
Hoax, n. chhal, dhokha, farob. 
Hoax, V. chhal d,, dhokha d., farcb d* 



HOM 



132 



HOR 



Hob, n. dahqani, ahraaq, pari. 
Hobble, V. langrana, matakta-chalna. 
Hobby, n. lakri ka ghora jis par 

larke charhtc hain, koi chiz jiski 

pairavi log bare shauq se karte 

hain. 
Hobgoblin, n. bhiit, paret, hanlnak, 

surat. 
Hocus-pocus, n. huqqa-bazi, biizi- 

gari, jhai-pbonk. 
Hoe, n, kudali, pbaora. 
Hoe, V. gorna, kudali se kbodna. 
Hog, n. suar, kbiik. 
Hogsty, n. siiar ka gbar. 
Hogsbead, n. ek nap ka pipa. 
Hoist, V. uthana, charbana, linclia k. 
Hoist, V, kiidna, ucbbalna. 
Hold, V, pakarna, girift k., rakbna, 

samana, sbamil b., tbambbnd 

rahna. [gaibi. 

Hold, ». girift, asra, qaid khana, 
Holder, n, rakbnewala, darinda, dar. 
Hole, n. garba, surdkb, ebbed, biL 
Holiday, w. id, teobar. 
Holiness, n. paki, parsai^ taqdis^ 

taqwd. 
Hollo, int, are! ai! bo! aji. 
Hollow, a, kbali, kbokbla, raujaw- 

waf, gambbir awaz,- riyikar, 

bewafa." 
Hollow, ». kbokb, g^arlia^. 
Holocaust, n. sokhta, qiirban. 
Holy, a. pak, parsd, nauqaddas. 
Holy- Ghost, w. Buh-ul-Qiids, ruh- 

ul-lah. 
Holy-writ, n. kitab-i-muqaddas. 
Homage, n, farman-bardari, ita-at, 

taslim, taslimat. 
Home, n. apna gbar, makan, watn, 

mulk. 
Homebom, a. watani, zati, asli. 
Homely, a. sada, natar^sbida, be- 

nazakat. 
Home-made, a. gbar ka bana hua, 

khana-saz, desi. 
Homicide, n. mardum-khush ya 

kushi. . 
Homiletic, Homiletical, a, ashna- 

mizaj, majlisi. 
Homily, n. waz, mazhabi nasihat. 
Homogeneal, Homegeneous, a. ham- 

jins, ek^an muwafiq. 



Hone, n. pathri, silli, san. IH 

Honest, a. rastbaz, diyanatdar, salSi |U 

sadiq, sachcha. 
Honestly, n, rasti-se, salihana, diyi^ |H( 

nat-dari se. 
Honesty, n. rasti, diyanat, sidq^ 

sachchai. 
Honey, n. shahd, asal, madh. 
Honeycomb, w. clibata, shad-khana. 
Honied, a. sbahd-aliida, shirin. 
Honour, n. abrii, hurmat, izzat, as- 
mat, buzurgi, rasti. 
Honour, v. izzat d., muatabar r., 

adab k.. hurmat d. 
Honourable, a. sahib -i-izzat, muht*- 

ram, abnidar, sadiq. 
Honorary, a. izzat-bakhsh, fakhira. 
Hood, n. kulah, sarposh, orhnii 
Hood-wink, v. ankbpaiindna, cbh^)a- 

na, dhaonpna, thagna, fareb d. 
Hoof, n, ankri, qullaba, kantiyi^ |1 

bansi, jal, kana. 
Hook, V, ankri ya kante se pakarna^ 

jhukna, terha h. 
Hook-nosed, a. terhi nak ka,.tote 

ki-si nak ka. 
Hoop, w. kundli, ghera^ halqa. 
Hoop, V, halqa-lagdna, lal-kami,. 

bii-hu k., chikh mama* 
Hoot, n, shor, gul, tali. 
Hoot, V. shor-macbana, ghul tf 

tali bajana, malamat k., lalkama* 
Hop, n. nach, kiid, qism-i-darakht. 
Hop, V, phudakna, kudakna, langrd- , 

na, nachna. 
Hope, n. ummed, asa, 4sra, tawaqqu.. 
Hope, n. ummed rakbna, tawaqqu k.^ 

ummedwar hona. 
Hopeful, a. ummedwar, mutawaqqi, 

hoahar. [char 

Hopeless, a, na-ummed, mayus, la-' 
Horde, n, taifa, garoh, firqa. 
Horizon, n. ufuq, kinara-i-asman. 
Horizontally, ad, zamin ke barabar, 

ufuq ke barabar. 
Horn, n. sing, shakh, qarn. 
Horned, a. sing-ddr, shal^h-dar,. 
Hornet, w. birni, zambiir, bar. 
Horn-foot, a. sum-dar, khur-d4r^ 

khuri. 
Hornpipe, n. ek qism ka nach, ek 

qism ki qamae. 



• « 



HOU 



133 



HUM 



Horologe, n. ghari, sa'at-nnma. 
Horoscope, n. burj-i-tali, zaicha, 

janam-patri. 
Horrible, a. 1 haul-nak, haibat-nak 
Horrid, a. j walisat angez, mak- 

rdh. 

orror, n. liaibat, haul, wahsbat, 

nafrat. 

orse, n. gbord, asp. 
Horseback, n. gbore par sawar. 
^orsebreaker, n. cliabuk-sawar. 

orse-dealer, n. gbore ka saudagar, 

asp-farosb. 
Horse-doctor, n, salotri, cbar payon- 

ka tabib. 
Borsedrencb, n. gbore ke waste 

dawa. 
Horseman, n. sawar, sbab-sawar. 
Horserace, n, gbor-dour. 
Horseshoe, n. nal. 
Hortation, n. salah, nasihat. 
Horticulture, n. bag-bani, maJi-gari, 

chaman-bandi. 
Hortjard, n. samaristdn, mewon ki 

: Wg. 
Hose, n. mozal, jurrab, paitaba. 

Hosier, n. nioze farosh, jurrdb 

farosh. 
Hospitable, a. mihman-dar ya par- 
war, saiyah-dost. 
Hospital, n. bimar-khana, darush- 

shifa. 
Hospitality, n, mihman-dari y^ par- 

wari, mez-bani, ziyafat. 
Host, n. mihinandar, mezban, sahib- 

i-khana; lashkar, fauj. 
Bo8tage, n. ol, yargaraal, kafil. 
Hostess, n, kadbanii, mihmandar- 

zan. [harbi. 

Hostile, a. mukhalif, dushmani. 
Hostility, n. mukhalafat, dushmani, 

adawat, larai. 
Hot, a. garm, tabdar, tez, atshi, 

mast, talkh. 
Hotel, n, Angrezi sarae. 
Hound, n. shikari kiittd. 
Hound, V, shikar k., pichhd k., 

hulkdrna. 
Hour, n. ghari, sa'at, ghanta. 
Hour-glass, n. shisha-i-sa'at, paniana. 
Hourly, a. har-ghari, har-sa'at, da- 

fatan. 



House, n. ghar, makan, haweli, 

khana, kothi, gharana, khandan, 

nasi; majlis. 
Housebreaker, n. sendhiya, sendh- 

chor, naqabzan, daikayat. 
Household, n. gharana, khdndan. 
Housekeeping, n, khana-dari, gir- 

histi, ghar kama. 
Houserent, n. ghar-ka-kiraya. 
Housewife, n. kadbanu, zan-i-khana- 

dar, ki-fait-shar. 
Housewifery, n, khana-dari, girhisti. 
Housing, n, zin-posh. 
Hovel, n. jhompra, kothi, chhappar. 
Hover, n, para-phima, thahra-rahna, 

ghiimna. 
How, ad. kaisa, kis-tarah, kyiinkar, 

chigiina. 
However, ad, wa-lekin, magar, to- 

bhi, tisparbhi. [wala k. 

Howl, V. bhaunkn^ pukama, wul- 
Howlet, n, ullii. 
Hubbub, n, gulgapara, daur-dhup, 

hank-pukar, harba i. 
Huckle, n. puttha, kiila, chiitar. 
Huckster, n, khurda farosh, dast- 

farosh. 
Hue, n. rang, laun, gun ya guna. 
Huff, n. kh#f gi, charcharahat, khud- 

pasandi, lafzani. 
Huff, V. phiilna, bhabhakna, char- 

charand, gustakhi k. 
Hug, V. chhati se lagan d, bagal men 

lend, gale milna. 
Huge, a: bara, kalan, azim^ 
Hugger, Mugger, n. pardaposlii, 

gosha ya takhliya. 
Hulk, n. jahaz ki kothi ya khol. 
Hull, n. chhilka, jahaz ka kothi ya 

khol, post. 
Hull, V, chhilkd chhoma ya ukelna, 

bahna taima. 
Hum,w. bhinbhinahat, giinj, gun- 

gundhat. 
Hum, V, gungundnd, bhinbhindnd. 
Human, a, insani, bachari, ddmi-ka. 
Humane, n, dard-mand, rahm-dil, 

hdlim. 
Humanity, w. admiyat, insdniyat, 

narm-dili, dard-mandi. 
. Humble, a. garib, miskin, farotan, 
1 khafeot. 



flUR 



134 



IDE 



Humble, V. nicha k., past k., farotan 

r., taliqir k., halim k. 
H ainble-bee, n. zambiira, bliannrd. 
Humbly, ad. garibana, farotaui se, 

ajizi-se. 
Humdrum, a. sust, kaiil, "kund, 

a}miaq. 
Humect, Humectate, v. tar k., nam 

karnd. 
Humid, a. nam, tar, 4bi, martiib, 

sila. 
Humidity, w. nami,- tarij ruttibat, 

tarawat, sil. 
Humiliate, 17. zalil k., kliafif k., djiz 

k., past k. 
Humiliation, w. farotani, zillat, kliif- 

fat, ijz-o-inkisar. 
Humility, n. inkisari, khAk-sari, 

garibi, halimi. 
Humming-bird, n. shakur-khard. 
Humorous, a. thatliol, khush-tabi^ 

latifa-go. 
Humour, n, ras, tari, kbilt, mizdj, 

kho, bazla, latif, thatlie-bazi. 
Humour, V. kliatir r., n^zbardari k., 

marzi r. 
Hump, 11. kiiz, kubra, kolian, kub. 
Hump-backed, a. kiizd-pusLt^ kub- 
ra, kliamidii-pusht. 
Hunch, V, dUakelnd^ kubni se dbak- 

ka deua. 
Hunch, n. kiiz, kohan, jihalat. 
Hundred, a, sau, sad; pargana, zila. 
Hunger, n, bhiikh, gursangi, ishtiha. 
Hungry, a. bhiikhd, gursina. 
Hunks, n. khabis, bal^hil shakhs. 
Hunt, V, shikar k., said k., 4^iindna. 
Hunt, n. shikar, said. 
Hunter, n. shikari, saiyad. 
Hurl, V. zor se phenkna, gira dena, 

jald chalna. 
Hurly, n, tanta ya bakher^ garbar, 

khalbali, dhiim dhdm. 
Hurrah, iiit. jai-jaikar, afrih, sad 

dfrin, shabash. 
Hurricane, n. andhi, tiifan. 
Hurry, n. jaldi, shitabi, tagapii, har- 

bari. 
Hurr, V. jaldi k., shitab k., habftland. 
Hurt, w. chot, zakhm, ziydn, zarair. 
Hurt, V. chot pahunchana, zakhmi 

k., uuqsan k. 



Hurtful, a. muzir, ziydnkar, nuq 

ni, zabiin. 
Husband, n. khasam, shauhar, k] 

wind. 
Husband, v. kifayat-shi'ari se cli 

na, kishtkari k. 
Husbandman, n. kisan, kishtl 

mazari, dihqan. 
fJusbandry, n. kisani, kishtk 

zira'at. 
Hush J int, chup! khamosh! 
Husk, fi. chhilka, post, bhosi. 
Hut, n. jhonpra, chhappar, kulbj 
Hutch, n. sandiiq, sandiiqcha, ko 
Hutch, 17. jama k. 
Hyacinth, n. sambul-i-hindi, asiE 

gun, qism-i-jawahar. 
Hydra, n. paniya sanp. 
Hydraulics, n. ilm-i-ab-i-rawani. 
Hydrometer, n. ab-i-paimana. 
Hydrophobia, n, khauf-i-ab, bir 

jo pagal kutte ke katne se '. 

hai. [i 

Hyena, n. charg, kaftar, lakae 
Hymn, n, ilahisarod, munqabat. 
Hyperbole, n. mubalagn, igraq. 
HypcwJrisy, n. riya, riyakari, m 

fareb. 
Hypocrite, n, mazhab men mak 

din men riyakar, do-rang. 
Hypocritic, 1 a. riyakar, mak 
Hypocritical, J murai, makra 
Hypothesis, n. qiyas, andaza. 



I, Angrezi tahajji ka nawan } 

shumar men iske mani ek ke 1 

hain. 
I, p. main, ap* 
Ice, n. barf, yakh. 
Iceberg, n. barf ka pahar jo san 

dar men hotd hai. 
Ichor, n, zard-ab, zahrab, gba^ 

pani. 
Icing, w. chini se pagna, pag c 

kaiep. 
Icon, n, but, miirat, taswir. 
Iconocla6t> n. bnt-shikan. 
Icy, a. pur yakh, sard, pale ka 5 
Idea, n. khiyal, wahm, tasaw 

samajh. 



ILL 



135 



1MB 



. kliiyali, wahmi, inutasaw- 

, «. eksani, mutabiqat. 
n. muhawara, rozmarra ka 
kalam, istilah. 
ibla, aLmaq, gaodi be-waqiif. 
sust, kaliil, bekar, majliul, 
a, harza. 
, w. siisti, kahili, majhuli, 

, • 

but, sanam, miirat. 
n. but paras t, nmshrik, 
, n. but parasti, ibadat-i- 



L. 



V. pujna, aziz janna, mah- 

3, a, tliik, munasib. 

tr, gar, jo, go. ^ ^ 

mis, 71. cbhalawa, ag'Sbai- 

lika. 

. ag lagana, jalaua, jalna. 

a. bad asl, kamina, najins, 

a makul. 

ions, a. suswa, badnam, qa- 

ayab. 

y, w, ruBwai, badnami, fa-- 

;ej n. nadani, jihalat, be- 

I. 

', a. nadan, jabil, be-waqiif. 

ly, ad. nadanista, jahilana, 

> 

)ura, bad, kharab, bimar, 

I. sarakjana, nagah hamla. 
:e^ V, uljhana pliansana. 
L khilaf-i-shara, hai'am, na- 

• 

, a. sliara-ke-barkhilafi se, 
usti-se, na-haqq. 
a. na-kliwandani, bad- 

[asli. 
acy, n, baram-zadagi, bad- 
ate, a. liaram-zada, bad-asl, 
i-z-zina. 

w. bad baklit. 
red, a. zisht-rii, bnd-siirat. 

a, tang-dast, befaiz, tang- 
khil. 

• 

haram, narrawa, na-jaiz. 
, a. na khwanda, jabil, nd- 



IHnatare, n. bad-lj:hoi, bad-khaslat, 

tunuk-mizaji. 
Illnaturod, a. bad .mizaj, tunuk mi- 

zaj, zM ranj. 
Illness, ». bimari, maraz, azar, yia- 

rabi. 
Ill-timed, a. be*mauqa, be-waqt. 
Ill treatment, n. bad-sulnk, bad- 

muamila. 
Illude, V. bandna, bhnlana, ebbalna^ 

fareb d. 
Illume, Illuminate, r* Tosban k., 

munawwar k., ujala k. , 
Illumination, n. tanwir, tajalli, rosb- 

ni, farog. 
Illuminator, n, tajalli-kar, afrozin- 

da, niir-bakbsh. 
Illumine, v. roshan k., munawwar 

k., ujaU k. 
Illusion, n. dbokba, cblial, fareb^ 

khiyal. 
Illusive, a. s?irat-at-haram, khisali, 

rang-amez, fareb dib. 
Illustrate, v. tafsir k., wazib k., 

bayan k. 
Illustration, n. tafsir, tauzib, bayan, 

tabir. 
Illustrative, a. miibaiyin, musbarrih. 
Illustrious, a. namwar, nami, mum- 

taz, buzurgwar, musliiir. 
Image, ». miirat, nigar, sbakl, but, 

sanam. 
Imaginable, a. qiyas-o-guman-ke qa- 

bil, mutasawwar. 
Imaginary, a. kbiyali, gumani, wab- 

mi. 
Imagination, n. kiyds, wabm, gu* 

man, tasawwar, khiyal. 
Imagine, v. khiyal k,, qiyds k,, gu- 

man k., samajbna. 
Imbank, v, pusbte se ghema ya 

mazbiit k. 
Inibankment, n. pusbta pushta- 

bendi. 
Imbecile, a. kamzor, natawaQ, za'if- 

ul-tan yd za'iful-zibn. 
Imbecility/ ». natawani, ziif, kam- 

zibni, kamaqli. 
Imbibe, r. pi-lena, sokbna, jazb k., 

qabiil k. 
Imbitter, r. talkb k., karwa k., ran- 

jida k. 



IMM 



136 



IMP 



Imbolden, v. dilor k., himmat d. 
linbosk, V. lukiia, chhipna, dabakna. 
Imbrangle, v, pliansana, pliansna, 

ulj liana. [k. 

Imbrue, v, bliigona, dubona, aliidd 
]mbuo, r. rangna, raclina, rang in k. 
Imitable, a. qail-i-taqlid. 
Imitate, v. pairavi k., taqlid k., 

naql k. 
Imitation, n, pairavi, tiatabbu, taq- 
lid, naql. [ran. 
Imitator, n, naqil, mutatabbi, pai- 
Immacuiate, a. bejurm, pak, saf. 
Immane, a. wahslii, kalan, azim. 
Immanent, a. zati, asli, haqiqi. 
Immask. v. bhes badalna, burqa la- 

gana. 
Immaterial, a. mujarrad, be-wajiid, 

gairmaddi, namuzaiqa, be-qadr. 
Immature, a. kaclidia, kbam, na- 

pukhta, naqis, be-waqt. 
Immaturity, n. kachclii, khami, na- 

rasidagi. 
Immeasurable, a. be-andaza, be-had, 

be-in till a. 
Immediate, a. qarib, bilfi'l, filfaur. 
Immediately, ad. ablii, fauran, turt, 

barlial, jaldi se. 
Immemorial, a, yad-sebiiliar, qadim, 

be-yad. 
Immense, a. niliayat, be-qiyas, be- 

payan. • 
Immensely, ad, nihiiyat, hadd-se 

ziyada, ba-kasrat. 
Immensity, n. be-uiliayati, be-paya- 

ui, bc-qiyjlsi. 
Immerge, \ v. dubana, garq k.. 
Immerse, J gota d. 

Immersion, n, garq, gota, dubki. 
Imethodical, a. b(?-intizam, be-us- 

liib, be-taur, be-daul. 
Immigrate, v. kisi mulk men jakar 

rabiia. 
Imminent, a. nazdik, qarib, mush- 

rif, nui'allaq. 
Imminution, n, kami, taklifif, taq- 

lil. • 

Immit, V, andar bliejna, charhand. 
Immoderate, a. be-andaz4, be-hadd, 

be-qiyas. 
Immodest, a, be-baiya, be-sharm, 

sbokh-chasm. 



h 



I'li 



Immodesty, n. be-liijabi, be-haiyaii: la 
Immolate, v, qurbani k., zabh L, 

fida k. 
Immoral, a. bad-kirdar, bad-wail| 

zabun. 
Immorality, n. bad-kari, badi, btirai, 

zabi'ini. 
Immorigerous, a. gustakb, be-mih 

rawwat. 
Immortal, a. be-marg, la-zawal, bt 

qi, qdyiini. 
Immortality, w. haiyat-i-jawidiii«iiii 

baqa. 
Immortalize, v. nam war k., namdir|l!i} 

k., baqi r. 
Immoveable, a, qaim, nmstaqill, iiip|I 

rawan, be-harkat. 
Immunity, n. muafi, muklilasi, ribd^ 

azadi. 
Immund, a. nasof, na-pak. Hi 

Immure, r. gberna, band k., qaid t 
Immutability, n. betabdili, sab^|l 

ek-hali. 
Immutable, «. be-tabdil, bctagaiyv^ 

ek-lial. V 

Immute, v, badalna, tabdil k. " 

Imp, w. sliakli ya qalam, faya^and, 

jinn, bbut. • 

Imp, V. qalam lagana, barband. 
Impair, v. gbataua, kam k., biga^iii 

nuqsan k. 
Imparity, fi. tafawut, fjirq. 
Impart, v, kabna, batlani, samjhi- 

na, dena, bakslina. 
Impartial, a. adil, munslf, be-gami^ 

sadiq. 
Impartiality, to. adal, insaf,. be- 

tarafdari, rasti. 
Impassable, a. be-guzard, band, 

masdiid. 
Impatience, w. be-sabri, be-istiqlal^ 

tez mizaji. 
Impatient, a. be-istiqUli, tez-n^iz&j. 
Impeacb, v. nalisli k., lemams, 

lapetna, baramad k. 
Impeachment, n. baramad, naUshy 

dawd, tub mat. 
Impede, v. atkana, rokna, inuzdhi- 

mat k. [mat 

Impediment, n. atkao, rok, muziJu- 
Impel, V, cbaUna, daurdna, dhald- 

yana, majbiir k., takid k. 



IMP 



137 



IMP 



, V. latak ralma> mushrif h., 
h., uazdik pahunchiui. 
ing, a, qaiib, nazdik, miisli- 

trable, a. na-dukhul, chikna 

i^ bognzam. 

QXii^ a. b«-tauba, be-paslii- 

gair-nadainat. 

\e., V, basana, abad k. 

:ive, a. farniai, bukumati, 

iptible, a, Tia-malilm, na- 
lis, abiste-abiste. 
'ptibleness, n. gair mabsiis- 

ble, a, la-zawal, ndmumkini, 

ct, a. na-taTnam, nd-kamil, 

ction, «.. aib, qiisiir, kbami, 

rate, 7i. band, be-cbedd. 

1, a, badsbabi, sbabanshahi, 

ni. 

, V, kbatre ruen diUna. 

ns, a, bukiittiati, mutakabbir, 

bable, a, la-zawiil, na-mar- 

btiqi. 

mal) a. fail,befail, amr-i-gaib. 
nonce, n. be-adabi, gustakbi, 
ai. 

nent, a. be-adab gustakb, 
a, bai-za, bbi\da. 
nently, ad. gustakhi-se, be- 

se. 
ons, a. be-guzara, band, gair- 

ite, V, manglena, ba-minnat 

>sity, n. tezi, tundi, garnii, 

at. galba. 

)us, a, tez, tund, garm, 

d, galib. 

I, n. tezrawi, zor, qiiwwat. 

, n, be-dini, ilbad, kufr. 

, a. be-din, mulhid, kafir, 

J. bad kbaisb. 

ble, a. be-rahm, sang-dil, 

idil. 

, t\ ropnd, lagana, rakhnd, 



Implead, v. mal^biiz k., ilzSm ya 

tubmat lagana. 
Implement, n, batbyar, alat, auzar, 

saranjto. 
Implex, a. pecb-dar, pecbila. 
Implicate, v, pbasand, giriftar k., 

pecb k., uljbana. 
Implicit, a, tamara, kamil, raafhiim, 

muradi. 
Implicitly, dd, kamilana, yaqinan, 

bila-uzr. 
Implore, v, dua k., iltijd k., minnat 

kama. 
Imply, V, mani r., murad r., dalalat 

k., batana. 
Impolitic, a. na-maqiil, na-munasib. 
Impolished, a. janwar, nd-sbaista^ 

be-adab. 
Import, n. maqsad, mazmiin, mani, 

amadani, girani, qadr, mnzaiqa. 
Import, V, saudagari, mdl mnlk- 

men land, batiana, mani r., dald- 

lat k. 
Importance, n. girani, qadr, mu- 

zaiqa, zariirat. 
Important, a. bbari, giran, mubimm, 

bara» azim, mnfid. 
Importunate, a. mntaqdzi, mnqtazi, 

minnat-kdr, bajidd, mujawiz. 
Importune, v, taqaza k., minnat k., 

picblie pa^nd. 
Importunity, n. taqdzd, minnat, 

jidd, taqaiyud. 
Impose, V. soupnd, bdndbnd, rakhnd, 

lagdnd, charhdnd; — on, dhokhdd., 

cbhalnd. 
Imposition, n, rakhnd, lagdnd, taklif, 

kill raj, dhokhd, fareb. 
Impossibility, n. gair-imkdnyat, nd- 

mumkini. 
Impossible, a. gair-mumkin, ndhoni, 

mubdl. 
Impost, n. mahsul, khirdj. 
Imposthume, n. dabil, dumbal, phord. 
Impostor, w.makkdr, hila-bdz, farebi, 

daga-bdz. 
Imposture, n. fareb, talbis, hild, dagd. 
Impotence, Impotency, n. nd-tawd- 

ni, be-maqdiiri, nd-mardi. 
Impotent, a. ndtawdn, be-maqdiir, 

zaif. nd-mard. 
Impoverish, r» faqir k., garib k. 



R 



IMP 



188 



INA 



Impracticable, a, na-sakhtani, an- 

Uona, mulial. 
Imprecate, v, bad diia d., kosnil, 

Ian at malamat k. 
Imprecation, n. bad-dua, lanat, na- 

IVin. 
Impregn, v, hamila k., gabhin k. 
Impregnable, a. maui, na-nuimkin- 

ul-taskbir. 
Impregnate, r. hamila k., bardar k., 

gabhin k. 
Impress, v, nishan k., asar k., kha- 

tirnashin k.., begar pakariui. 
Impression, n. naqsh, chhapa, asar, 

tasir, khiyah 
Impressive, a. khatir-uashin, muas- 

sir, asar-gar. 
Imprint, r. chhapna, naqah k., dil- 

nashin k. 
Imprison, v, qaid k., mahbiis k., 

band k. 
Imprisonment, «, qaid, bandi, habs. 
Improbability, n. adam ihtimal, khi- 

laf-i-qiyasi. 
Improbable, v. aql-se diir, gair-ma- 

qiil, khilaf-i-qiyas. 
Improiicience, a. na-taraqqi, na- 
ns tadi. 
Impronif.tu, ad. bc-ta'ammul, bo- 

ganr-o-fikr. 
Impio^jer, a. na-munasib, na-shaista, 

na-saza, kharab. 
Impropriety, n. na-shaistagi, na- 

maqiili, na-muntisibut. 
Iinp^-ovo<, w. bib tar k., khdbtar k., 

taraqqi d. ya k., durast k. 
Improvement, n. bihtari, taraqqi, 

diirusti, islah. 
Improvident, a. kotah-andesh, be- 

tamiz, be-tadbir. 
Imprudent^ a. be-lihaz, be-tadbir, 

gafil, be-khab ir. 
Imprudence, n, gnstakhi, be-hayai, 

be-sharmi, be-adabi. 
Impudent, a. gustakh, be-liayti, 

be-sharm, be-adab. 
Impugn, V. radd k., katna. 
Impulse, n. dhakka, harakat, zor, 

asar, tasir. 
Impulsive, a. muharrik, chalaii, zor- 

dar. 
Impunity, n, be-sazai, be-siyasati. 



h 
h 



Impure, a. na-pak, na-saf, palid, 
. aliida, najis. 
Impurity, n. na-paki, aludgi. 
Imputation, n, lagao, ihtimal, tali- 1 1^ 

mat, buhtan. 
Imputative, a, ihtimal-pazir, qabil 

i-tuhmat. 
Impute, V. lagana, ihtimal k., maa-|T 

siib k. 
In, ;)r. men, bhitar, andar, bich, ko. 
Inability, n. na-twani, na-taqat, ni- 

qabliyat, tangdasti. 
Inaccessible, a, be-guzara, mnm- 

tana-ul wusiil, be-lagaw. 
Inaccuracy, n. galati, ua-sihhat, 

chiik, khata. 
Inaccurate, a, galat, gair sahib, na- 

durust. 
Inaction, n, be-kari, aram, susti. 
Inactive, a. sust, be-slmgl, majhlil> 

kahil. 
Inadequate, a. gair kafi, kam, qasir, 

nalaiq, naqabil. 
Inadmissible, a, na-masmua, na-qa- 

biil. 
Inadvertence, \ n, gaflat, be-khaba- 
Inadveitency, J ri, bhul, chiik." 
Inadvertent, a. gafil, be-kbabar, ki- 

hil. 
Inadvertently, ad, bhiilkar, ch^k-se. 
Inalienable, a. apne tasarruf-so^ dus- 

re-ko den eke na-qabil, gair-mun- 

fahak. 
Inadmissible, a. la-zav<ral. 
Inamorato, w. ashiq, muhibb. 
Inane, a. khali, tihi, behiida. [da. 
Inanimate, a, be-jan, afsurda, mur* 
Inanity, n. khulii, khala, behiidagi. 
Inapplicable, a. na muv^afiq, gair- 

mutabi(|, na-nmnasib. 
Inarticulate, a. talaffuz men na- 

khulasa, luk-nati. 
Inartificial, a. na-masniia, be-sakh^ 

ta, be-tarkib, bhola, garib. 
Inasmuch as, ad, zira-ki, iswaate, 

kyunkar. 
Inattention, n, gafili be-khabari, be- 

parwtii. 
In attentive, a. gafil, be-khabar, be- 

parwa. 
Inaudible, a. na-musmiia, nd-suna 

jawe, be-awaz. 



INC 



139 



INC 



Inaugurate, v. baithalna, juliis d., 
' taqdis k., maklisiis k. 
Inauguration, n, juliis, taqdis. 
Inauration, n, tiJa-kari, mulamma- 

sazi. 
Inauspicious, a. na-masiid, manhiis, 

bad bakht, na-mubarak, zabiin. 
Inauthentic, a, nd-sahih, na-sabit, 

na-muatabar. 
Incalculable, a. be-hisab, be-shumar. 



Incite, f. targib d , talirikk., utliana. 
Incitement, n, targib, tahrik, taliris, 

garz, bais. 
Incivility, n. be-murawwati, Bc- 

adabi, bad-akhlaqi. 
Inclemency, n, be-rahmi, durushti, 

sakhti, tundi. 
Inclement, a. be-rahm, be-dard, 

sakht, tund, sbadid. 
Inclinable, a. mail, ragib, mibrban. 



Incantation, n, afsun, jadii, mantar. Inclination, n. mail, ragbat, khTva- 
Incapable, a, na-qabil, na-laiq, be- hish, arzii, sliauq. 



maqdiir, qasir. 
Incapacitate, v. na-qabil k., be-maq- 

diir k., na-laiq k., malirum rahna. 
Incapacity, n. na-qabliyat, na-rosai. 
Incam, Incarnate, v, goslit se bhar- 

nd, gosht-paida k., mujassam k. 
Incarnate, a, mujassam, zi-jism. 
Incarnation, n, tajassum, jisni-giri, 

autar. 
Incautious, a. be-ilitiyat, be-tadbir, 

be-kbabar. 
Incend, v. jalana, sulgana. 
Incendiary, n. atasli afroz, fitna- 

angez, mufsid. 
Incense, n, loban, lid. 
Incense, v. kliafa k., kbaslim-nak 

k., loban se khush-bii-dar k. 
Incentive, a. muharrik ya targib 

dih, himmat-bakhsh. 
Inception, n. shurii, ibtida. 
Incertain, a, muzabzab, masbkiik. 
Incessant, a. mutawatir, lagatar, 

daim, yak-lakht. 
Incest, n. zinakari-ba-kbwcsli-o-qa- 

rabat. 
Incestuous, a, ziuakar-ba-khwesh. 
Inch, n. tassii, angul. 
Inch, V. thoTa thora dhakelna ya 

dena. 
Inchastity, v. na-pak-damani, na- 

pakjzagi. 
Inchoate, v, shurii* k., agdz k. 
Incide, v, katna. 
Incident, w. hadisa, waqia, ittifaq, 

majara, sarguzasht. 
Incidental, a. ittifaqi, nagabani, 



arizi. 



Incipient, a, mubtadi, ibtida-kar^ 

agiiz k. w. 
Incision, n, chira, zakhra, kat. 



Incline, v. mail h., mail k., jhnkna, 

irada k. 
Include, v. shamil k., muhit k., 

dakhil k. 
Included, a. mundaraj, mustamal. 
Inclusive, a. gherne w., mushtamil. 
Incog, Incognito, ad, poshida, ma- 

khfi, chhipa hua. 
Incoherent, a. be-hiida, bc-mani, 

gair-rautabiq, dhila, be-mel. 
Incolumity, w. hifazat, salamati. 
Incombustible, a. na-sokhtani, na- 

sozanda. 
Income, n, amadani, madakhil, basil. 
Incommensurte, a. jiskc maqsiim'- 

alaihi-mushtarak naho. 
Incommodate, Incommode, v. tasdia 

d., iza d. taklif d. 
Incommunicable, a, na-guftani, n:i- 

kahne ke laiq. 
Incomparable, a. be-nazir, be-mistily 

la-sani. 
Incompassion, n, be-dardi, bc-rabmi. 
Incompatible, a. muta'arnz, khilaf, 

na-munasib, be-mel. 
Incompetency, n. na-laiqi, na-qabli- 
yat, be-maqdiiri. 
Incompetent, a. na-laiq, na-qabil 

na-munasib. 
Incomplete, a. na-tamam, na-kamil, 

naqis. 
Incomprehensible, \ a. be-qiyas, 
Inconceivable, / gair-mafliiim, 

gair mutasav7vrar, samajh-sc-ba- 

har. 
Inconcinnity, n. na-hamwari, na- 

muwafaqat ya na-munapabat. 
Inconclusive, a. gair-qati', be-?abit, 

naqis. 
Inconcussiblo, a. a-tal, la-junbisK 



INC 



140 



IND 



Incondite, a, be qa*ida, wahshi, na- 

tarasliida. 
Incongrueut, a, iia-niuwa<fiq, bar- 

• khilaf, be-meL 
Incongruity, n. na-muwafaqat, uiu- 

kbalafat, i^tilaf. 
Incongruous, a. na-muwafiq, khilaf, 

ziddi. 
Inconsiderable, a, na-chiz, tbora, 

kamtar, be-qadr. 
Inconsiderate, a. be-taammul, be- 

lihaz, be-ihtiyat, be-fikr, gafil. 
Inconsistency, n. na-sazakaii, ua- 

muwafaqat, ikhtilaf. 
Inconsistent, a. ua-muwiLfiq, ua- 

munasib, mukhalif. 
Inconsolable, a. nd-taskin-pazir, 

gairmutasalli, gamgin. 
Inconstancy, n, na-paedari, be-qara- 

ri, talawwun. 
Inconstant, a, na-paedar, be-qanir, 

bewafa. 
Incousummate, a. na-kdmil, na- 

taniam. 
Incontaminate, a. pak, sdf, kbalis. 
Incontestable, a. sabit, sliafi, qati, 

Id-kalam. 
Incontinence, ) n, bad-parbezi, be- 
Incontinency, J ismati, na-pak da- 

maui. 
Incontinent, a. bad-parhez, be-ismat, 

shokh, nafs-parast. 
Incontrovertible, a. la-kalam, sabit, 

be-takrar. [lif, tasdi. 

Inconvenience, n. na-muwafiqat, tak- 
Inconvenient, a. na-muw4fiq, na-mu- 

nasib, muzirr, na-laiq. 
Incon vincible, a. jo qail nd hosake. 
Incorporate, v. jama k., milaua, ma- 

khlut k., amez k. 
In corporal, Incorporeal, a, be-tan- 

ya jasad, be-jism. 
Incorrect, a, na-sabih, na-durust, 

galat. 
Incorrigible, a. na-islab-pazir, la-ilaj, 

shadid; sbarir. 
Incorrupt, Incornipted, a. salih, 

pak ya saf, rdst-baz. 
Incorruptible, a. gair-fani, na-qabil- 

i-tabah, salih, pak. 
In corruption, n. adam-i-fana, salahi- 

yat, sadagi, pakizagi, taharat. 



Increase, v, barbna, barliana, zij 

k. ya h., mota li. 
Increase, n. barliti, taraqqi, ziyac 
Incredibility, n. na-niaquli, be-i'ti 

di, bc-i*tibari. 
Incredible, a, gair nuiatab-ar, 

itibar. 
Incredulity, n. bc-i'tiqadi, be-i'tii 
Incrust, V. lepna, lesua, posliida 
Incubation, 7i. sewua, awde 

baithna. 
Inculcate, v. siklilana, nasiba 

takid k., salah d. 
Inculpable, a/ bo-gnnah. be-ilzai 
Incumbent, a. wajib, lazim, zarii: 
Incur, V. sazawar h., utbana, lag 

paida k. [cl 

Incurable, a. la-ilaj, bc-dawa, 
Incursion, n, takht-o-taraj, ha 

yiirish. 
Indebt, v. maqriiz k., niashkiir I 
Indebted, a. qaraz-dar, dain- 

ihsanmand. 
Indecent, a, bc-adab, na-slia 

fihish, gustakh, be-adab. 
Indecision, n. be-istiqlali, ii 

baitlii 
Indecisive, a.be-istiqlal, be-istih] 

na-tamam. 
Indeclinable, a, be-tasrif, janaid. 
Indecorous, a, be-adab, na-shg 

nd-maqiil. 
Indeed, ad. fil-haqiqat, fil-waqi 

batta, sach. 
Indefatigable, a. na-nianda, inih 
Indefeasinle, a, nd-mumkin-ul-] 

qatai, be-zawal. 
Indefensible, a. mumtana-ul-uzi 

uzr, jiski hifazat na ho sake. 
Indefinite, a.na-muqarrar, gair-n 

yan. 
Indelible, a, gair-mahw, la-radd 
Indelicate, a, na-shaista, na- 

be-lihaz, be-lutf. 
Indemnify, v. mahfaz rahna, 

jam'i k., tawan d., nuqsan bli; 
Indemnity, n, iwaz-i-nuqsjin, ta 

bachao. 
Indent, v. talab k., dandana-da 

shartase bdndhu. 
Indenture, n. ahd-nama, iqrar-n 

qaul-nama. 




idopendence, n, istiqlal, khud- 
luukhtari, be-niyazi, ^:hud8ari. 
^:9idepeiideuty a. mnstaqil^ klmd- 
mukhtar, azad, be-nisbat, gair- 
muta'alliq. 
^»describable, a. la-bay an, gaicrqa- 
bil-i-biydn. 

idesert, n. nd-liydqat, adam-i-jau- 
«; * bar. 

•3!iidesiiient, a. yak-lakb,t, mutwatir, 
r^ ham 68 ha. 

'indestructible, a. la-zawal, namum- 
]. kin-ul-fana, qaim. 
sJCndevote, Indevoted, a. gair-mail, 
' - bad-kh wah, . bad-andesh. 

index, n. dalil, fihrist, sar-i-daftar. 
idia, n. Hind, Hindustan. 
!ndian-corn, n. bajra, bhutta, joar. ' 
-vXndicate, v, batlana, batana, dalaJat 

k., ishara k. 
^ Indication, n, dalalat, dalil, ishdra, 
*■ izhar. 

f ■ Indicative, a. batane ya dikhlane w., 
f siirat-bayaniyi. 
I Undict, V. tuJimat d., dawd k., 
r naJish k. 

Indifference, n. be-parwai, be-garazi, 

be-muhabbati. 
Indifferent, a. be-parwa, be-garaz, 

bain-bain, munsif. 
Indifferently, ad, fee-parwai se, sara- 
• sari, aisa-waisa. 
Indigence, Indigency, n, muflisi, 

taQg-dasti, faqiri. 
Indigent, a. muflis, miskin, garib, 

faqir. 
Indigested, a. be-tahljl, na-hazm, 

be-tartib, abtar. 

Indigestible, a. mumtana-ul-hazm, 

saqi], [wdra. 

Indigestion, n. bad-hazmi^ na-ga- 

Indign, a. be-qadr, be-hunar, na- 

saza-war. 
Indignant, a. gazabnak, khashmnak, 

gusse-war. 
Indignation, n. gazab, khashm, qahr. 
Indignity, w. ^hiffat, subuki, ihanat, 

fazihat. 
Indigo, n. nil, wasma. 
Indiligent, a. gafil, sust, kahil. 
Indirect, a. na-rast, na-durust, na- 
saf, na-zahir. 



Indirectly, ad. pherpliar-gc, iahai'atan. 
Indiscernible, a. be-uamiid, na-huvai- 

da, gair-ashkara. 
Indiscreet, a, bc-tamiz, be-lihaz, be- 

tadbir. [biri. 

Indiscretion, n, be-imtiyazi, be-tad- 
Indiscriminate. a. be-farq, be-fasl, 

be-tharao, kuch farq ya tamiz na 
.. k. w. 
Indiscriminately, ad, be-tafriqi se, 

umiinian, sab ko. 
Indispensable, a. lazim, wajib, zariir- 

darkar. 
Indispose, v. na-raz k., na-kliush k., 

munharif k. 
Indisposed, a. na-saz, alii, biniar, 

na-khiish, na-raz. 
Indissoluble, a, mumtana-ul-iniikak, 

sakht, naqabil-i-tafriq, muzbut, 

pae-dar. 
Indistinct, a. na-sdf, muzabziib, gol- 

gol, abtar. • 

Indite, v. ibarat likhwana, farm an a, 

banana. 
Individual, n. sliaklis, fard, klias- 

admi, tan-i-tanha. 
Individual, a. mufrid, alag. " 
Individuality, n, fardiyat, Tvalifliyjit, 

tanbai. 
Indivisible, a. gair-tafriq pazir, na- 

mumkin-ul-taqsim. 
Indolence, n, susti, kahili, majhuli, 

dhilai. 
Indolent, a. sust, kaliil, majluil, 

dbila. 
Indrench, v. dabona, bonia, bbigoiia. 
Indubitable, a. be-shakk, be-shubha, 

lakalam, beguman. 
Induce, v. targib d., taliris d., tali- 

rik k. 
Inducement, n, targib, tahris, mat- 
lab, sabab. 
Induct, V, andar lana, dakhil k., 

qabiz k. 
Indue, V. bakhslma, malbiis k., kapra 

pahnana. 
Indulge, V. milirbani k., khatir-na- 

wazi k., bakhslma. 
Indulgence, n. mihrbani, nawazisli, 

inayat. 
Indulgent, a. mihrban, sliafiq, khu- 

tirkhwah. 



INE 



142 



IXF 



Indurate, v, sakht k., kara k., sang 

dilk. 
Indurate, a. sakht, na-paslicman, 

sang-dil, na-tars. 
Industrious, a. milmati, masliaqqti, 

kam-kaji. 
Industry, n, milmat, sai, mashaqqat, 

koshish. 
Inebriate, v, sar mast k., madliosb 

k. yji h., matwalii k. 
Inefi'able, a, nji-guftani, be-bayan. 

T PC 1.' 1 «• be-asar, be-tasir- 

Ineiioctiv'e, I i 'iM n t' 

T ec 4. ^ L batiJ, nakaii, gair, 
Inettectual, > a • t V ' -i I 

T re 'I mutassir, la-nasil, 
Inemcacious I ' i *' 

, / na-kar-gar. | 

Inelegant, a, bc-latf, na-zeba, na- 

maqiU, bc-rauna. 
Inept, a, na-munasib, na-laiq, be- 

faida. 
Inequality, n. na-liamwari, lincb- 

nicb, farq, tafawat. 
Liert, a. sust^ kaliil, majliiil, be- 
tas ir. 
Inestimable, a, be-baba, besli-qimat, 

garan-maya. 
Inevident, a, muglaq, posliida, na- 

Jisbkara. 
Inevitable, a. mumtana-i-ijtinab, j 

muqnrrar, kliwab-ma-kliwah. 
Inexcusable, v. nii-uzr-pazir, la- 

jawab, na-mumkin-ul-alu. 
Inexhaustible, a, gair-sai*f, bc-niha- 

yat, boh add. 
Inexorable, a. be-rahm, sang-dil. 
Inexpedient, a. na-munasib, na-laiq, 

beja. 
Inexperience, n, mi-azmiida-kari, 

na-taj riba-kari, kach ch apan. 
Inexperienced, a, na-azmudii-kar, 

na-tajribfi-karj, kachcha, anan. 
Inexpert, a, be-hunar, na-waqif, 

anari, n;i-mahir. 
Inexplicable, a. na-qabil-i-beyan, la- 

beyan, bilatabir. 
Inexpressible, a. na-guftani, be- 
bayan, mumtan-ul-izhar. 
Inextinguishable, a. mumtana-ul- 

itfa. na-bujlme-jog, amit. 
Inoxtricabl(>, a, pech-dar-pech, na- 

hall pazir, pochida. 
In-eye, v. qalam lagiina, paiwand 

lagana. 



Infallibility, n. be-khatai, be-gak 
Infallible, a. be-khata, sahih, acU 
Infamous, a. badnara, ruswa, i 

yiib, zabiin. 
Infamy, n. bad-nami, ruswai, I 

abriii, fazihati. 
Infancy, n. bach-pan, tufiiliyat,t 

larak-pan. 
Infant, n. bachcha, tifl, larki. 
Infanticide, n. bachcha-kushi. 
Infantive, Infantile, a, tiflana, lai 

sa, nau-khez. 
Infcintry, n. paidal, piyade. 
Infatuate, v, diwana k., be-hosli 

be-waqiif, farpfta k. 
Infatuate, Infatuated, a. diw; 

farefta. 
Infatuation, n. diwanagi, bc-wa( 

fareftagi. 
Infect, V. sirayat k., bigarna, d 

k., kharab k. 
Infectious, a. phailaii, chhutih 
Infecund, a. bdnjh, lisar. 
Infelicity, w. na-khushi, taklif, 

bakhti. 
Infer, v, tajwiz, k., dalalat k., 

tijti nikalna, samajhnjl. 
Inferable, a. muntij, qabil-i-isti 

tajwiz ke ruse thahamo ke 1; 
Inference, n. natija, qiyas, I 

ward. 
Inferior, a, chhota, adna, kar 

halka, nicha. 
Inferiority, n, chhotai, kamtari, 

tani, nichai. 
Infernal, a. dozakhi, jahann 

shaitani. 
Infest, V. satana, iza d., liarka 

takht-o-taraj k. 
Infidel, n. kafir, be-din, nmshril 
Infidel, a. kafir, mushrik. 
Infidelity, n. kufr, be-dini, s" 

khiya-nati, haramkari. 
Infinite, a, be-nihayat, be-in tiha 

hadd, be-payan. 
Infinitive, a. masdar, ism-i-mas 
Infinity, n. be-intiha, be-niha 

be-haddi, be-paydni. 
Infirm, a. na-tawan, kamzor, 

sust. 
Infirmary, n. bimar-khana, si 

khan a. 



ING 



14a 



INI 



n. na-tawani, kamzori, 



Ingenious, a. zaki, zirak, tez-fahm, 

liunarmand. 
Ingenuity, w. ziraki, zakawat, iira- 

sat, hikniat, hunar. 
Ingenuous, a. rast, saf-dil, sadiq, 

khalis, sina-saf. 
Inglorious, a. be-nam, be-izzat, ha- 

qir, kliafif. 
Ingot, n, sone ya chandi ki int ya 

tiida. 
IngrafF, Ingraft, v, paiwand lagana, 

jamana, qalam lagana. 
Ingrate, Ingrateful, w. namak-ha- 

ram, na-sliukrguzai'« 
Ingratiate, v. dil-men dakhl k., aziz 

k., muliabbat r. 
Ingratitude, n, namak-harami, na- 

shukri, be-wafai. 
Ingredient, n, juz, masalah, Lissa. 
Ingress, Ingression, n. dukliiil, mu-^ 

dakhalat, daramad, guzara. 
Ingulf, r. girdab-men dubana ya 

dalna. 
Inhabit, v. rahna, basna, sukiinat k., 

istiqamat k. 
Inhabitation, a. rahne laiq, qabil-^ 

istiqamat. 
Inhabitant, n. rahue-wala, bashinda, 

sakiu. 



. jalanaj^ sulgana, garm k., 
ik k., sozcin k. 
)le, a, jalan-har, sokhtani. 
:ion, w. jalan, sozish, josh- 

lorj-, a, sozinda, muhriq, 

[na. 
pliulana, nafkh k., phiink- 

n aw una, jhukana, tasrif 
anna. 

n. jhukao, tasrif, tasar- 
dan. 

, a. saklit, sarkasli, magra. 
ty, 11. karakhtagi, kara- 
igrdi, sakhti. 
saza d., uqiibat k., lagana, 

n. uqiibat, saza, lagao, 
ali. 

a, saza-dih, uqiibat saz, 
wala, dene wiila. 
, V. asar k., tasir k., nm- 
h., ikhtiyar d., mulahaza 
tina. 

w. asar, tasir, zor, liukm. 
. bahao, jiriyani, dukhiil, 
ad. 
. khabar d., ittila k., agah • Inliale, v. dam 1,, hawa-ke-sath 



11 ci, nalish k. 

t, n, ittila dene-wdla, kha- 
linda, mukhbir. 
on, n. khabar, ittila agahi. 
n, khabar dehinda, gam- 
/mda, niukhbar. 
i;. torna, phornti, tukre- 

nfraction, n,, faskh, shikas- 
khna. 
V, torna, faskh k., slii- 



khinch 1. 
Inherent, a. zati, khilqi, asli, jibilli, 

taba'i. 
Inherit, v. miras lend, irs pan a, wa- 

ris h. 
Inheritance, n. irs, minis, wirasat, 

wars a. 
Inheritor, n, waris, miras -kh or ya 

gir. 
Inlierse, v, murde ko rauze men 

rakhnd. 
Inhibit, V. mana' k., baz rakhna, 
lent, n. faskh, shikasta^i, roknii, 

2, rakhna. Inliospi table, a. na-mihmandar, be- 

a. dhiinen men snkhaya mudara, be-faiz. 

Inhuman, a. be-dard, be-tars, be- 

niurawwat. 
Inhumanity, n. be-dardi, sang-dili, 
diilna, dil-men-dalnji, bhi- i be-rahmi. 
ihnnashin k. i Inhume, v. dafn k., mitti dona, 

te, i\ diihrana, bar-bar Inim agin able, a. gair mutasawwar, 

I be-qiyas. 



V. gazab-nak k., divan a k., 
. ya khafii k. 



INN 



144 



INS 



Inimical, a. mukalif, tlushman, mu- 

zirr. 
Illimitable, a. be-misl, be-nazir, 

gair munqul. 
Iniquitous, a. be-dad, bc-insaf, nd- 

liaqq, bad, bura. 
Iniquity, w. be-insafi, zulm, badi, 

biinii, aib. 
Initial, a. pahla, awwal, muqaddam, 

ibtidai. 
Initiate, r. dakhil k., darlana, sikh- 

lana, agazkarana. 
Initiatory, a, ibtida-ka, sharii ka, 

daklil-i-mansiib, pesh-row. 
Inject, r. dalnd, bhitar phenkna, 

piclikari mama. 
Injection, n. dar-andazi, idkhal. 
In join, V. hukm k., farmana. 
Injudicious, a. be-basirat, be-shaiir, 

be-taammul, na-dau. 
Injunction, «. hukm, farman, amr, 

takid. 
Injure, v. nuqsan pahunchana, ziydn 

k., zulm k. 
InjuriouK. a. muzirr, ranj-saz» zalim. 
Injury, ?i. nuqaan, ziyan, zulm, iza, 

klialal. 
Injustice, n, be-insafi, ndhaq, zulm. 
Ink, w. siyalii, roslinai, surklii, slian- 

grjif. 
Inkstand, n. dawat, qalam-dan. 
Likle, n, niwar, patti. 
Inlaid, a, jarao, murassa, munabbat. 
Inland, a. darya se dur, bhitarwar, 

khangi, mulki. 
Inlay, V, jarna, qalarakari k., mu- 
nabbat k. 
Inlet, n, guxar-gah, madkal, kbari, 

nib. 
Inmate, n. bam-kbana, bam makan. 
Inn, n. sarae, manzil-gali, musafir- 

kbana. 
Innate, a. zati, tabai, kbilqi, jibilli, 

asli. 
Inner, a. bbitari, andarnni. 
Innermost, a. sab-se bbitari, daruni. 
Innkeeper, w. bbathyara, sahib-i- 

sarae. 
Innocence, n. be-gunahi, be-jurmi, 

paki, safai. 
Innocent, a. be-gunab, bcjurm, ma- 

siim, pak, saf. 



Innovate, v, ihdtb k., ijad k., nfiyak. 
Innovation, «. ijad, ibdas, ikhtin', 

bid'at. 
Innumerable, a. be-shiimar, be- 

bisab. 

Inoculate, v. paiwand Ingana, tikAi 
Inoculation, n. paiwand, tikd, qalam 

lagan a. 
Inoft'ensive, a. ma^iim, gair-mnzirr, 

sada. 
Inofficious, a. na-mihrban, be-muraf* 

wat. 
Inoperative, a. na-kar, be-tdsir, 

gair-muassir. 
Inordinate, a. na-mu'tadil, be-andi- 

za, be-badd. 
Inquest, n. pursish, baz-khwast^ 

talasb. 
Inquietude, n. be-cbaini, be-kali. 
Inquire, v, piicbbna, pursish k^ 

istifsar k. 
Inquirer, n. kboji, nmtaldshi, iHWii 

Inquiry, n. pursish, istifsar, talash* 

tabqiqat. 
Inquisitive, a. kliojbi, talashi, ^:h»- 

bar-gir, mubaqqiq. 
Inrail, v. katabra lagana. 
Inroad, n, takbt-o-taraj, yi^risb, 

hamla. 
Insalubrious, a, bimiirgar, nd-mn- 

wafiq, nagawar. 
Insane, a. diwana, majniin, sauddi 
Insanity, n. diwanagi, juniin, saudi. 
Insatiable, a. na-ser, Idlchi, haris. 
Inscribe, v, likbna, saniama likhn^ 

naqsh k., kanda k. 
Inscription, n, kitaba, raqam^ mar- 

qum, laqab. 
Inscrutable, a. mumtana^ut-taftlBh, 

makbfi, jiski talasb na ho-sake. 
In sculp, V, naqsh k., kanda k. 
Insect, n. kird, kirm. 
Insensate, a. be-wuqiif, ahmaq. 
Insensibility, n. be-hoshi, be-dardi, 

be-waqiifi, be-muhabbati. 
Insensible, a. be-biss, be-hoBh^.bis- 

waqiif, batadrij. 
Insensibly, ad. ahiste-dhiste, tadri- 

jan. 
Inseparable, a. nd-mumkin-i-juddi^ 

lazim-malziim. 



INS 



11 f) 



IN^ 



Insert, r. dilkhil k., likli-mkhna, 

(larj k., shamil k. 
Husortion, n, idkhal, dilkhila, indiraj. 
In servient, a, mnmidd, mu'a'win. 
Jnsetj V. garna, baithalna, jamana. 
3nship, v^ jaliaz ya kisliti men 

bliarna. 
Inside, «. bliitar, danin, andanin. 

andar, batiu. 
Insidious, a, iitrati, riya-kar, daga- 

bjiz, gbati. 
Insight, n. basirat, waqi'if, marfat, 

shinaklit. 
Insignia, n, tagma, nisban, darja. 
Insignificfint, a. be-niani, be-hiida, 

na-cbiz, be-qadr. 
Iiisincere, a. na-sadiq, zaJiir-dt'ir, 

riya-kar, dii-ranga. 
Insincerity, r. riya kari, zaliir-dari, 

makr. 
Insinuating, a. dambaz, ebarb-za- 

ban, dil-kash. 
Insipid, a, be-ma^a, be-lazzat, be- 

lutf. 
Insist, t\ bat k., ba-jidd h., israr k. 
Insitiency, n, adam-i-tishnagi. 
Insnare, v. pbastina, pakranji. 
Insobriety, n. maikhori, bad-parhefsi, 

masti: 
Insolation, n, dbiip men rakhna, 

dhiip ka lagna. 
Insolence, n. magrai, gustakbi, sho- 
- khi, takabbui-. 
Insolent, a. magra, gustakli, sbokli, 

mutakabbir. 
Insolvency, n, dewala, shikastagi. 
Insolvent, a, dewaliya, sbikasta-hal. 
Insomucb, ad. yaban-tak, cbunan- 

chi. 
Inspect, V, dekbna, mnlabaza k., 

tabqiq k. 
Inspection, n. nazar, nigab, libaz, 

tabqiq. 
Inspector, n. nazir, nig^bban, amin, 

daroga. [cbbitaw. 

Inspersion, n. chbirkaw, cbbirkai. 
Inspiration, n, dam kasbi, ilbam. 
Inspire, v. dam 1., ilbdm k., mul- 

ham k. 
Inspired, a, mulbam. 
Instability, n, na-paedari, bo-sabati, 

ba-qarari, fan a. 



Instable, a. na-paedar, bo-qiyani, br- 

qarar. 
Install, V. nnsb k., mansnb k., khi- 

lat d. 
Installation, n. masnad-nasbini, 

nasb, kbilatdibi, darjadiJii. 
Tnstahnent, n. qist, masnad-nasbuu, 

kbilat-dibi. 
Instance, n, mi sal, namiina, mjyarii, 

darkhwast. 
Instaiit, n, dam, hibza, lamba, pal. 
Instant, a. dar-bjil, turt-ka, jald, 

rawan, maujud, btizir, 
Instan tan-eons, a. lisi damka.iil -ba- 
ll, fil-fauri. 
Instantly, a(L abbi, isidam, filfanr, 

fil-bai 
Instate, t\ darja ya ubdn d., kisi 

halat men qaim k. 
Tnstanrate, v. marammat k., babal k. 
Instead, ad. iwaz, badal, bajae, mu- 

kafat. 
Instep, n. pusbt-i-pa. 
Instigate, v. tabris k., tabrik k., 

bargalanna. 
Instigation, n, tabrik, targib, tabris, 

igwa. 
Instigator, w. mubarrik, mngwi, 

nmfsid. 
Instil, V. taqatur k., dalna. zibn iia- 

sbin k., tapkana. 
Instinct, n, aql-i-baiwani, zati aql, 

mizaj. 
Institute, v. muqarrar k., tbabrana. 

barpa k., shuru' k. 
Institute, n. ain, qaida, qannn, adat. 
Institution, n. ta'aiyun, muqarrar, 

nasb, ain, tarbiyat, talim. 
Instruct, V. sikblana, sikbana, tar- 
biyat d., talim k. 
Instruction, n. sikbai, tarbiyat, ta- 
lim, amozish. 
Instructions, n. farman, abkam, 

umiir, irsbad. 
Instructive, a. talim-bakbsb mubaz- 

zib, nasibat k. w. 
Instructor, 7i, mu'allim, muaddib, 

ustad. 
Instrument, n. alat, bathyar, auzar, 

saz, sanad, qabala. 
Instrumental, a. sazinda, faili, 

mu'in, madadgar. 



s 



INT 



14G 



INT 



Insufferable, a. na-bardasli, iia-ta- 

hammul, sakht. 
Insufficieuce, Insufficiency, n. be- 
kifayat, kami, na-qabliyat, na- 
laiql. 
Insufficient, a. gair-kdfi, kam, na- 

qabil, na-laiq. 
Insular, a. jazire ke mansiib, pani- 

se-gherd hua. 
Insulate, v. jazira bandna, juda k. 
Insulated, a. juda, be-lagao, mafriiq. 
Insult, n. subki, malamat, dush- 

nam, tanz. 
Insult, V, ihanat k., malamat k., 

dnslmam d. 
Insuperable, a. gair-magliib, mush- 

kil. 
Insupportable, a. na-bardashtani, 

sakht, sliadld. 
Insurance, n. bima, amini. 
Insure, v. bima k., muqarrar k., 

thahrana, mahfdz k. 
Insurgent, n. fatiiriya, fasadi, bagi, 

asi. 
Insurrection, n. balwa, hangama, 

fasad, bagawat. 
Integer, n. majmiia ya majma, 

adad-i-saliih. 
Integral, a, piira, tamam, kamil, 

sahih. 
Integrity, n, diyanat, rast-bazi, 

sidq, saldh. 
Integument, n, khal, chamri,, post, 

chhilka. 
Intellect, n. aql, hosli, fahm, fir^sat, 

khirad, idrak. 
Intellectual, a. aqli, falimi, ho shy a- 

ri, danishwar. 
Intelligence, n. aql, fahm, hoshydrf, 

khabar, ittila. 
Intelligent, a. aqil, fahim, danA, 

hoshydr, waqif-kar. [da. 

Intelligible, a. qdbil-i-fahm, huwai- 
Intemperance, a. bad-parhezi, mas- 

ti, be-itidali. 
Intemperate, a. bad-parhez, be- 

itidal, sharabi. 
Intend, v. irada k., qasd k*, muqsad 

r., thahamd, gaur k. 

Intense, a. BaJsht^ shadid, nihayat. 

Intenaitj, n. aakhii, shiddat, ziya- 
dati. 



Intensive, a. phailaya hua, nmsta- 

qill, takidi, zordar. 
Intent, a. masligiil, masriif, sai. 
Intent, n. irdda, maiisha, matlab, 

garaz, murdd. 
Intention, n, irada, niurad, azm," 

qasd, niaqsad, garaz. 
Intentionally, ad. dido-o-danista, 

janbiijhkar. 
Inter, v, dafn k., garna. 
Intercede, v. shafaat k., wasatar, k.» 

darmiyan men panui. 
Intercept, v. atkana, rokiia, pakar- 

na, muzahamat k. 
Intercession, n. shafaat, >vasatat. 
Intercessor, n, sha'fi, darniiyuni. 
Interchange, n, mubadala, nmj'iNvaza. 
Intercourse, n, amad-o-raft, ilaqa, 

suhbat, sarokar. 
Interdict, v. mana' k.,baz biyaj. niuli- 

riini r. 
Interest, n, garaz, faida, ntifa: siid; 

biyiij, hissadari. 
Interest, v, garaz r., ilaqa r,, dil- 

lagana, asar k., chaspida k. 
Interesting, a, dil-chasp, dil-azjir^ 

dil-pasand. 
Interfere, v. hath lagana yii dalna, 

dakhl k., mudkhill h. • 
Interference, n. dast-andazi, dakhl, 

madakhilat. 
Interjection, «. harf-i-nida. 
Interim, n, darmiyan, asnai, waqt, 

arsa, mabain. 
Interior, «. bliitari, dariini, batini. 
Interline, v, satron ke bich meij 

likhna. 
Interlope, v, dast-andazi k., be-ja 

dakhl k. 
Interloper, w. beja dadkhdl k. w., 

dastandaz. 
IntermaiTiage, n, apas men biyah. 
Intermeddle, v. hath dalnd, dakhl 

k., dast-andazi k. 
Inteimediate, a, darmiyan, muta- 

wassit, bichambich. 
Interminable, a. be-hddd, be-ifttihd. 
Intermission, n. fardgat, tawaqquf, 

naga, tatil. 
InteTiait, v, TCLwltwwi i«ilLk\i4, tatil k. 



L 



. 



»*♦ 



INT 



147 



INU 



Iiilenial, a. bhitari, duniai, butiiii. 
Iliteruuncio, n. dallal, darmiyan-go. 
Interpolate^ v. taza k., jal-sdzi s(; 

ilbaq k. ya mila d. 
Interpolation, ?i. illiaq fiqra, diikliil, 

ibarat tagallubi. 
Interpose, v. darmiyau men ana, 

shafi li. 
Interpret, v, tarjuma k., tabir k., 

samjhatia, batlana. 
luterpretor, w. inutarajjim, tarjumdn, 

tabir-go. 
Interregnum, n. badsbah gardi. 
Interrogate, v. piiclihna, piu'sish k., 

istifsar k., istifliam k. 
Interrogative, a. istifbami ; barf-i- 

istifham. 
Interrupt, a, rokna, atkana, barakat 

d.; bat katna. 
Intermption, n, barakat, barj, atkao, 

muzaJiamat, xok. 
Intersect, v, miyan katna, qata-i- 

miyan k., mutaqati' li. 
Intersection, n, wall jagab jaban 

lakiron ek diisre ko katti bain. 
Intersperse, v. cbitkana, idhar udbar 

ddlna. 
Interstice, n. fasila, pbank, darar. 
Interval, n. darmiyan, bicb, asna, 
area, mabain, mufasila. 

I Intervene, v. darmiyan men parna, 
bicb men ana, mu taw as sit b. 
InteiTention, n. tawassut, miyangi. 
Interview, w. mulaqat, muwasalat, 

didar, cbar-cbasmi. 
Intestate, a, be-wasiyat. 
Intestine, a, bbitari, daruni, desi. 
Intestines, n. anten, antarian, roda. 
Inthral, v, gulani k., banda k. 
Intimacy, w. bamdami, hamdili, ikb- 

tilat. 
Intimate, v. isbara k., agah k., jata- 

na, kabna. 
Intimate, «. bamdam, bamdil, bam- 

raz, musabib. 
Intimately, ad. ikbtilat se, babam- 

razi. 
Intimation, n, isbara, kinaya, kbabar, 

agabi. 
Intimidate, v. darana, dahsbat d., 
himmat tornd. 



Intolerable, a. gair-mutabammal,. 

gair-bardasbt. 
Intolerant, a, mukbdlif, muddai, be- 

tabammul. 
Intort, V, marorna, batnd. 
Intoxicate, v. mast k., madbosb k., 

matwaia k. 
Intoxicated, a, matwaia, madbosb,. 

mast. 
Intoxicating, a. nasbiU, nasbadar^ 

amali. 
Intoxication, w. masti, madbosbi, 

nasbd^ makhmiiri. 
Intractable, a. magra,'sa.r-kasb. 
Intransitive, a. fail-i-lazimi. 
Intrencb, v. morcba bandna, kban- 

daq kbodna, cbarbdi k. 
Intrenchment, n, morcba bandi,. 

kbandaq, kbai, dbns. 
Intrepid, a. diler, dilawar, mardana,. 

j angbaz. 
Intrepidity, n, deleri, babaduri, mar- 

danagi. 
Intricacy, n, uljhao, pecb, pech-dari, 

kbalal. 
Intricate, a. pecbila, pecbdar, uljba, 

musbkiL 
Intrigue, n, sazisb, karsazi,. bandisb, 

ittifaq. 
Intrigue, v. sdzish k., karsazi k., 

gdntbna. 
Intrinsic, a. zati, asli, baqiqi, batini. 
Introduce, v. cbalana, dakbil k., mi- 

lana, mulaqdt k., sburu' k. 
Introduction, w. idkbaJ, dibaicba, 

tambid. 
Introsume, v. cbiisna, pi-jana. 
Intrude, v, bath d., ghusna, dakbil h. 
Intruder, n. dast-andaz, mudkbill. 
Intrusion, w. dakbl-i-bej4, dastandazi. 
Intrust, V, sonpna, supurd k., zim- 

ma k., amanat rakbna. 
Intuition, n. mdrfat, banazar-i- 

awwal, zakawat, batini. 
Intwine, v. bal d., batna, jomd. 
Inundant, a, lab-rez, dubane wala. 
Inundate, v. cbarbnd, bharana, boma, 

babana. 
Inundation, n. sailil), tiifan, tugyani. 
Inure, v. khogat k,, iAot d^h^ii^ \%\i^v 
mal T. 



Into,/?/-, men, bhitar, darmiyan men. ' Iii\itility, n.\i-\v».%V)A,\^^-Vt.^%\v ^ 



INV 



148 



IRR 



Iiiviulc^ V. liauila k., yiirish k., char- 
Lai k. 
liirain, ad, befaida, be-mani, be- 

hnda. 
Invalid, a. zaif, niaziir, uatawaii, bo- 

qiiWAYat. 
Invalid, ?i. batil, mansukb, radd. 
Invalidate, v. mansukh k., batil k., 

radd k., zaif k. 
Invaluable, a. be-balia, beslinprnat ; 

aziz. 
Invariable, In varied, a. na-mutagai- 

yar, be-tabdil, gair-iiiutalawin. 
Invariably, a. be-ta^iyiiri-se, ek-bal- 

se hamcsha. 
Invasion, n. hamlu, bajiim, takht, 

charhai. 
Inveetive u; gali, dus-hnam, tana- 

zani, zaban-darazi, sliikayat. 
Inveigh, v. ilzam d., tuxia-zani k., 

dushnani d. 
Inveigle, v.igwa k., fareb d., lobha- 

na, phuslana. 
Invent, v. nikalnii, ijad k,, banana. 
Invented, a. bana, ijad ya paida kiya 

gaya. 
Invention, n. banawat, ijad, ikhtira. 

sakht. 
Inventive, a. mukhtari', paida-saz, 

zahin, miijid. 
Inventor, ?i, mujid, mukhtari', wazi, 

muhaddis. 
Inventory, n. siyaha, fard, fihrist, 

taliqa. 
Inverse, a. ulta, aundha, maqliib, 

khilaf. 
Invert, v. ultana, qalb k. 
Invest, V, dena, bakhshna, pahnana, 

rauhasara k. 
Investigate, i/. chhanna, taftish k. 

talash k., tadqiq k., tajwiz k. 
Investigation, w. taftish, tajwiz, tah- 

qiq, just-o-jii. 
Investiture, n, taqlid, tamlik, khilat- 

dihi. [sakht. 

Inveterate, a. purtkia, kuhna, shadid, 
Invigorating, a. quwwat-bakhsh, 

macjawwi, pusht-panah. 
Invjjiciblo, a, ^air-maglub, ajit. 
Invincibility , n. na-magliibi. 
Inviolable, a. na-mumkiu-ul-faskli., 



Inviolate, a, na-niaiisukli, iia-shikast. 

be-iiuqsan. 
Invious, a. be-guzara, niasdiid. 
Invisible, a. gaib, na-didani, giiib, 

na padid. 
Invitation, n, dawat, istid*a, talab. 
Invite, V. dawat, k.,tawazu' k., btila- 

na, igwti k. 
Invocate, v, bulana. nam 1., dua k. 
Invocation, n, dua, dawat, munajat, 

istidwa. 
Invoice, n. bijak, chalan, siyaha, 

filirist-i-ajnas. 
Invoke, v, bulana, nam 1., dua k. 
Involuntary, a, be-ikhtryar, be-irada, 

be-qasd, lachar. 
Involve, V. uljhana. phansana, dal- 

na, pareshan k., istimal k., nati- 

jar. 
Invulnerable, a. na-zakhm-pazir, 

mum-tan a-ul-j aril. • 
Inward, ad. bhitari, andariini, batui. 
Inwrought, a. jaraii, murassa. 
Irascible, a. chirchira, atish-mizaj, 

tund, ziidranj. 
Ire, n. gazb, khashm, gussa. 
Irk, f. satana, dukh d. 
Irksome, a. sakht, dnshwar, rjmja- 

war, mukhalif. . 
Iron, n, loha, ahan. 
Iron, V. istiri k., zanjir se bandhna. 
Ironmonger, n, ahan-farosh, lohi- 

bechne wala. 
Irons, n, beri, hath-kari. 
Irony, n, tanz, hajo-malih. 
In-adiate, v. ujla k., roshan k., mn- 

n aw war k. 
Irradiation, n, parto andazi, tanwir, 

shula-zani. • 

Irrational, a. gair-natiq, be-jiql, bc- 

hiida. 
Irreconcilable, a. sulha na-pazir, 

mumtana-ul-ittifaq, gair-muwafiq. 
Irrefragable, a. gair-mardud, shafi, 

tahqiq, lakalam. 
Irregular, a. be-tartib, khilaf-i-qaida, 

be-ain. 
Irregularity, n. be-tartibi, khiiaf- 

dastun, be-tartibi, khilaf-dastiiri, 

\YTe\e\aii\., a, \ie-\^i<:v^, \i^-^\v^'\V 



IVY 



149 



JKFl 



Irreligiou, n. be-diiii, illuUl, be- 



imani. 



Irreligious, a, bc-din, inulhul, kafir. 
i rrenieduibic, a. be-ilaj, it'i-dawn, bc- 
cliarii. [Itl-ilaj. 

Irrcpairable, a. gair-inaranimat-piizir, 
Irreproacliabie, \ a. be-junn-o-gu- 
Irre[)rovable, j" nab, be-tai^sir, be- 

ilziim, be-maUiuiat. 
Irresistible, a, mum tana i-iniiqawa- 
' mat, zoriiwar, mazbiU. 

Irresolute, a. be-qarar, be-bimiiiat. 
: Irretrievable, a. mumtana-ul-busul, 

gay a guzra, la-ilaj. 
" Irreverence, n. tark-i-adab, be-takri- 
mi, be-ihtii'ami. 
Irreverant, a. be-adab, be-initivi'iz. 
'. Irrevocable, a. la-radd, gair-nuita- 
gaiyar, na-mumkin-ul-mansitkli. 
Irrigate, y. paniyana, sinclma, bhi- 



gona. 



IiTitable, a. kliisiyana, cbiicLini, 

ziid-ranj. 
jrritate, v. kliijiina, cLIierna, satana, 

khafa k., radd k. 
. Irritation, n. chlier, azar, kliafagi, 

gussa. [takht. 

Imiption, n, liamla, liajiini, cbarhai, 
Island, 71. jazira, tapii. 
Isle, n. jazira, tapi'i. 
Isolated, «. judti, alag, alabida. 
issue, n. kburiij, nikas, anjani, 

akhirat, natija, aulad, nasi, gul. 
Issue, V, nikalna, jari h., ya k., 

kliunij k., paida b. 
•Isthmus n. gardan-i-zamin. 
It, p. wall, yib. 
Its, ^. uska, iska, wagaira. 
Itcli, n, khiijli, khaj) kbarisbt; rag- 
bat. 
Itcli, V, khujlana; tarasna, cluibna. 
1 tern, n, aizan, dafa, babat. 
Iterate, v. muqarrar k., taqarrur k., 

dull rami. 
Iteration, n. taqarrur, dubrao. 
Itinerant, n, khana-ba-dosb, safr- 

saz, sailani. 
Itinerate, v. ramta-pbirna, sair k., 

dawan-dol ghumna. 
Itself, pr. wdh-dp, aphi, kbud. 
Ivory, n. hfithi-d'dut dandau-i-fil. 
Ivf, 71. bel ki qism, gurdi. 



J, 



f!, Aiigrtzf iiuitvf taljjijji ka dr.bwnn 

liaif. 
Jabber, v. bakiui, barbariiiui, inik- 

bak k. 
Jacent, a. pbaih'i. pasara, pani luui. 
■^ Jack^ n. nH'Zo utariio ka ek jila, 
j kuppa, gciid, qisni-i-jaiiwar, l»akli- 

tar, zirali, sihili. 
Jiickal, 11. gidar, s>iyal, sbigal. 
Jacket, n. knrta, kuiti, aijga. 
Jack-fruit, n, kathal. 
Jade, n. cbarklia glioni, badb-a^var, 

paji aurat. 
Jag, V. dandana-dar k. 
Jail, n. qaid-kbana, ^indau. 
Jailer,' ?t. qaid-kluine-ka daroga. 
Jalap, n, gul-i-abbas ki jar.' 
Jam, n. murabba, mitbai. 
Jjtni, V. dabnii, tii^na, dabanti. 
Jamb, 71. piisliti-bjiii, atasb-diin, 

darwazi ka biizii. 
Jangle, r. jbagarna,awazlie-abang k. 
Japan, ?i. qism-i-raiigan, raugnii-dar. 
Jar, n. jai'a, gol, martaban, gliara ; 

kharkbarabat, jbagra. 
Jar, r. jliagarna, kharakna, jlia- 

nakna. 
Jargon, ?t. kbalblabat, garbar. 
Jasmine, n. gnl-i-yasmiii, samaii, 

cb am bell. 
Jasper, n, zabr.r-jad, sang-i-yasbm. 
Jaundice, n. kanwalbao, yarqan. 
Jaunt, 71. sair, awargi. 
Jaunt, V. pliinui, sair k., awara 

pbinia. 
I Javelin, ?i. barclibi, neza. 
i Jaw, 71. jabra, kalla miinb. 
Jaw, V. galidcna, bak bak k. 
Jay, n. nilkantb. 
Jealous, a. sbakki, bad-guman, 

gairat-mand, mutawabbim. 
Jealousy, n. gairat, rasbk, bad gu- 

mani, sbakk. 
Jeer, w. tana-taslini, lanat-malamat, 

awaza-kasbi. 
Jeer, v. tana-zani k., shamatat k.. 

sukbra k., boli-marna. 

;Je\YON'?.V, u. ^.'iiXvv., VVt^^>:v 'U^VVXx 



JOI 



150 



J UN 



Jointure, n, jaliez, dahez, lutiliar. 
Joke, n. "thattha, kliilli, liazl, 

latifa. 
Jollity, n, aisli-o-aslirat, sliadmaiii. 
Jolly, rt. kliuBh-o-kluirraui, dil-sliad, 

tar-o-taza. 
Jolt, n, liaclikolii, dhakka.. 
•Jolt, V. dhakka lagana, liichkola d. 
Jot, n, miktn, zarra, til. 
Journal, ?i. roz-ntima ya-uaniclia, 

khasra. [zil. 

eTourney, ?i. safar, nmsafarat, man- 
Journey, V. safar k., naql-i-makan k. 
Joust, V, jliutlii larai, khelnicQ larai. 
Jovial, a. kliush, sliadman, niasriir. 
Joy, n. khushi, sliadi, khurrauii, 

t aril at. 
Joy, V. khushi k., bag-bag h., m\\- 

barak-badi d. 
Joyful, a. khush-dil, shadman, khur- 

ram. 
Joyfully, ad, khushi so, khurram-se. 
Joyless, a, na-khush, dil-gir, lidas. 
Jubilee, n. jashan-i-ani, nauroz, id. 
Judge, n. qazi, munsif, hakim, 

amin. 
Judge, V, insaf k.,- adalat k., qaza 

k., faisal k., daryaft k., qiytis k. 
Judgment, n, insaf, infistil, fatwa, 

Imkm, qaza; aql, qiyas, imtiyaz. 
Judgment-seat, ?i. ki^rsi, mahakma. 
Judicature, n. qaza, hukiimat. 
Judicial, a. sharai, qaziana, adalati. 
Judicious, a. aql-mand; hoshyar, 

dana. 
Jug, n, kulhra, kiiza, pyala. 
Juggle, V. bazi-gari k., nazar-bandi 

k., dagabazi k. 
Juggler, n, bazi-gar, huqqa-baz, 

shobada-baz. 
Juggling, n. daga-bazi, fareb, nazar- 
bandi, bazi-gari. 
Juice, n, ras, araq, pani. 
Juicy, a. rasila, araq-dar, rasdar. 
Jumble, V, gol-mel k., gad-bad k., 

mil an a. 
Jump, n. kiid, jast. 
Jump, v.'kudna, jast k., uchakna. 
Junction, n. paiwastagi, wasl, itti- 



Jt'june, a, nikha, sithii, khushk, 

kluili. 
Jolly, ». miirabba, mitiuii, luab. 
Jeopard, v. khatre men dalna. 
Jeopardy, n. khatra, jokhim, jan- 

bazi, jankandni. 
Jerk, 71. hachka, hachkola, jliatak. 
Jerk, V, jhatakna, jhiraknii, hach- 
kola d. 
Jest, n. thatthti, niazak, hazl, 

mazhaka, hansi. 
Jest. V. thattha nnirna, hansi k., 

bahlana. 
Jester, n. thatthe-baz, thatthol, za- 

talli, bhanr. 
Jesuit, n. isaigon ke ek khass firqe 

ka ek shakhs^ fitrati, makkar. 
Jesus Christ, n. Hazarat-isti-masih. 
Jet, n. fawara, phuhara; sang-i-mii- 

sa, siyah-tab. 
Jet, v, nikal-parna, bahna, ubliar- 

ana. 
Jew, n. Yahiidi, Jahiidi, Ibnini. 
Jewel, n. jauhar, gauhar, ratan, 

•gahna, zewar. 
Jewel, V. zewaron se arasta k. 
Je\^eller, n. jauhari, zewar-farosh. 
Jewish, a. Yahiidion se mutalliq. 
Jew's harp, n, morchang. 
Jilt, n. makkar ya bcwafa aurat, 

nakhre-baz aurat, aiyara, nakhre- 

baz. 
Jilt, V. ishq men bewafai k. 
, Jingle, n. jhanak, jhanjhan, jhankar. 
Jingle, V. jhankarna, jhanj banana. 
Job, n, kam, kar, thika, tahal. 
Jockey, n, chabuk sawar, thag. 
Jocose, a. thatthol, thatthe-baz, 

khush-taba, zarif. 
Jocularity, ?i. thatthe-bazi, khush- 

tabai, zarafat. 
Jocund, a. khush, khush-taba, 

khush-numa. 
Jog, V. liachkolad. dhakka d., hilana. 
Join, V. jorna, mil ana, lagana, sata- 

na, paiwand k. juft k. 
Joined, a. jora gaya, mila hua, pai- 

wasta, mausiil. 
Joint, 71. jor, ganth, girih, paiwand, 

band. 
Joint, a. nnila, JuJd, muttafiq, makh- \ JuxvctxiTe, u. ^^Cyti^xv^, \V.V\^^, ^^«^ 
Jut, mnshtHrRk, umxisiW. ' r\am,\\?v\».\>. 



KlilE 



151 



KJL 



JuiiioV, a. cl)}ix)ta, sagliir, kihtur. 
Jujater, n, niuslitari, vrihaspati. 
Jan rat, n, koi sliakhes jo half-lekar 

kisi kdmpar muqarrar hota liai, 

hakim. 
Jurisdiction, w. Imkiimat, qalamrani, 

amal-dari. 
Jurisprudence, n, ilm-i-fiqa, ilm-i- 

sliara. 
Jurist, n. faqili) alil-i-tiqali. 
Jury, n, adalati panchayat, pancli. 
Just, a. sidil, sadiq, r^st, durust, ra- 

wa, liaqqi. 
Just, ad. thik, • durust, sihhat-se, 

sirf, faqat. 
Justice, n, adl, dad, insaf, qazi, 

munsifs 
Justifiable, c liaqiqi> wajibi, rast, 

insaf. 
Justification, n. be-guliah^sazi, be- 

jurmi, uzr, itizar, tasfiya. 
Justify, V. be-gunah tbabrana, khalas 

k., uzr-lana. 
Justly, ad, aad-laua, munsifaiia, 
I rasti-se. 
■ Justness, n, rasti, durusti, haqqi- 

kat, adl. 
Jut, 17. nikul-ana, ubharna, bahar ko 
1^ jbuk j«'ina. 
^ Juvenile, a. jawan, nau-khez, khurd- 

sal. 
Juvenility, n, jawani. sliabi'ib, tufd- 

liyat. 



K, Angrezi huriif tahajji ka gyarah- 
w4n harf. 

Fiiiffl^dar, n, taqwiin, patra. 

Keel, n, nao ka penda, jaliaz ka 
tala. 

K«en, a. abdar, chokba, tez, tund, 
shadid, garm mustaid. 

Keenness, n, abdari, tezi, tezmizdji, 
sbiddat, tundi. 

Keep, V, rakhna, dbama, nigabbani 
k., bifazat k., parwarisb k., man- 
na, mand. k., baz r., taza rakbna. 

Keeper^ n. rakbwald, nigabban, mu- 
bafi^^ hA&z, 

Keeping, n, nigikhijii, bifazat, ba- 
wdld. 



Keepsake, ?i. yadgari, y ad -dad. 
Kell, V. pet ka parda, jiiilU jisnieij 

iiau paida larka lapetd rabta hai. 
Kennel, n, tazi-kbana, kutton ka 

jatba, badarrau, mohri. 
Kerchief, n. sarband, riimal. 
Kern, v. sakbt h., dane-dar ya dana- 

dana-hojatia. 
Kernel, 7i. giida, magz; bij, dana. 
Kersey, n. ek qism ka mota pash- 

milia ya'ni rashmi kapra. 
Kestrel, n, turmati, ek qism ka 

jurra. 
Ketch, n. ek qism ka jahaz. 
Kettle, n, deg, degchi, tatahni, ketli. 
Eettledrum, n. naqqara. 
Key, n. kilid ya miftah, wuh ala jis 
j se koi cbiz pheri jati bai, baje ka 
; wuh hissa jo angulion se bajaya 
j jdta hui, kisi mushkil cbiz ki 
j sli avail, 
I Keyhole, n. tale men kunji jane ya 

lagan e ke liye munli ya ebbed, 

quflon men kunji jane ka siirakh. 
Keystone, n, mihrab ke bich-o-bich 

ka pattliar. 
Khan, ra. khan, nazim sarae ya 

musafir-khana. 
Kibe, n. biwai, eri men biwai. 
Kiby, v. biwai se dukhi. 
Kick, V. lat mama, lat chalana, lat 
! se thokar mama. 
i Kick, n. lat, lakad, latti. 
j Kicker, n. lakad-zan, lakad-kob, 

lata!) a. 
i Kickshaw, n. ek qism ka khana. 
Kid, 77. halwan, memna, bakri ka 

buclicha. 
Kidling, n. chhota, memna. 
Kidnap, v. adam-duzdi k., admi 

chora-le-jana. 
Kidnapper, n. mardum-duzd k., 

bachcha duzd, admi-cbor. 
Kidney, n. gurda, qism, jins ya 

tarah. 
Kilderkin, w. ek chhota pipa, ek 

nap yi map. 
Kill, r. jan se mama, khiin k., 
halak k. 



Iv I X 



ir.2 



KIT 



I 



Kilndrv, r. rlii'illio, Miatti va l»li;ir 

men sc^jkiiti ya suklu'inji. 
Kim bo, a. kaj, kham yd kiiamdiir. 
Kin, n. rishta, qarabat, nisbat yd 

rislita-ddr, rislitadardn, ek hi jins 

yd liam-jins. 
Kind, 71. nasi, firqa yd nan, jins, 

({ism, tarali, taur yii ([arina, zdt, 

iil)lafc yd sirut. 
Kind, a. sawdb-andosli. karim yd 

sliafiq, nekokar, rislitamaiK^, ralim- 

dil, mushfiq-mihrbdn yd nmltafit. 



Kingly, a. slidlu, })ddsJid]idna ra 
kliuHrawdna, pddslidlii, dli slidii \'A 
jalil-ul-qadar. 

Kingly* ad. slidlidna, pddslialidna. 
bnzurgi. 

King's-evil, n. gand-mdia, kantli- 
mdld. 

Kingship, n. pddslidhi, saltanat. 

Kinsfolk, n, aqdrib ydjiqrib, khwesii 
yd vagane. 

Kinsman, n.yagdna, rishteddr, qara- 
bat i, nisbati, rish tarn and. 



Kindhcartetl, a slr.ifiq, niihvbdn, Kinswoman, n. yagdni. 

nek-andpsh. 
Kindle, r. laldnd, dndi lagan a. 

phiinknd, bharkdnd. 
Kindler, n, jaldne w., silgdne w. 
Kindless, a nd mahrl)dn, be-dard. 
Kindliness, n. mihrbdni, iilfat yd 

muhabbat, nck-andeshi yd shafa- 

qat, asli kho, zdti khaslat yd 

si rat. 
Kindly, a. muldim, narm-dil, mihr- 

bdn, tdbi, ham jins yd ek jins, 

khud ba khud. 
Kindly, ad. mihrbdni se, nann-dili 

se, muldimat se, biz-zati-hi, khud 

ba khud. 
Kindnes's, n. fazl yd sawdb andeshi, 

mihrbdni. 
Kindred, n. yagdnagi yd khweshi. 

qardbat yd nisbat jo bydh se hoti 

hai, aqdrib, hqribd, yagdnc yd 

khwesh qardbdt. 
Kindred, a. rishta-ddr, ham-zdt, 

hara-nasl, ham-jins. 
Kine, n, gaen. 
King, n, pddshdh yd bddshdh, nidlik, 

taj-ddr, sultan, shdh. 
Kingcraft, n. hunar-i-saltanat, hu- 

kam-rdni ka hunar. 
Kingcup, n. ek-phul. 
Kingdom, n. padshdhat yd padshdhi, 

saltan at, amal, mamlukat, mulk, 

darja-nau yd jins. 
Kingdom, n, padshahat yd pddshahi, 

saltanat, amal, mamlukat, mulk, 

darja-nau ya jins. 
Kingfisher, w. ram-chiriya, kauriydld, 
machbrangd. 
KingUke, a. shdhdna, padshahana, 
bMshdh ke manind. 



Kipper, n. sdnian •nam machhli jo 

pakarne y'A nidrne ke qdbil nahin, 

hoti. 
Kirk, n, girjn. mulk-i-'Skdtlaind ko 

isdi mazhab anr ibadat kd tariq. 
Kirkman, w. Skdtlaind ke mulk ke 

girje aur ibadat kd tariq. 
Kirkman, n. Skdtlaind ke mulk ke 

girje aur ibadat ke-tariq-ka 

pairau. . [|X)sli. 

Kirtle, n. labdda, jdma, kurti, bdla 
Kir tied, a, labada-posh, ghagri 

pahne hue. 
Kiss, V. bosd 1., y{\ d., niuldyamat 

se chhiiud. 
Kisser, w. bosa-bdz. 
Kissingcomfit, n, gamaktd ya ma- 
il akta laddu. 
Kissingcrust, w. bare ehulhe men 

do rotiyon ke milne se bich men 

jo chhiikd bantd hai. 
Kit, n. kathauti, dudh duhne ki 

mathni, ban kuppi, chikdrd yd sa- 

ran gi, billi ka bach eh a. 
Kitcat, n, guzashta sadi ke shurii 

men yali lafz shahr-i-LandaR-lnen 

ek niajlis ka nam pard tha, nisf- 

qadd ki taswir. 
Kitchenj n. bdwarchi-khdna, mat- 

bakh. 
Kitchen garden, n. tarkdri sag wa- 

gaira kd bagicha. 
Kitchenmaid, n. auratjo bdwarchi, 

khane men kam karti hai. 
Kitchenstuff, n. charbi jo gosht ke- 

pakane se nikalti hai. 
K\tc\ieiv^e\icV\,u.auvat ^o bawarchi- 



KNl 



153 



KNO 



Kite, n. chil, zagan; patang, guddi, Kuigbt-errant, n, bahadur sawar jo 

kan-kava. larta pi lire. 

Eitb, n. jan-palicban, asbna. Knigbt-errautry, n. bubaiur pawjir 



Kitling, n. pilla, patha, bilautu. 

Kitten, w. billi ka bacbcha. 

Knab, v. dant se katna, cbabana, 

katama. 
Knack, ». ek cbboti kal, fann ya 

bikmat, sanaat ya cbalaki. [na. 
Knack, v. karakna, cbatakna tarak- 
Knacker, n. kbilaune banaue-waU, 



jo Jarta pbire uski niubimni. 
Knigbtliood, n, babaduri, knight ka 

darja ya ubda.. 
Knigbtliness, n, baliadur ke kam, 

knight ke farz. 
Knigbtly, a, babadurana, kniglit ke 

muwafiq ya laiq. 
Knit, V, bina racbb ke biuna ya 



ya Kalkd kam banane-wala, katne bunna ya jdlikarbna ya nikalna, 
ke liye biirbe gboron ko niol lene- * ganthna ya baudhna. 
.wala. Knit, n, binawat, baft. 

Knag, n. lakri ki gantb, khiinta ya Knitter, n. bina racbb ke binnewala. 
kbiinti, birn ke cLote singb. * Knitting, n. jor, milao. 



Knaggy, a, gantbon se bbara bua, 

gatbila. 
Knap, n. pbiilan, ubbar, giimra. 



Knittingneedle, n, salai, binne ki 

sui. 
Knob, 71. gantb, lattd. 



Knap, V. dant se katna ya katdenii, Knobbed, a. gantliila, gatbila, lat- 



tornd ya tor dalna. 
Knapsack, n, sipabi ka jliola, piya- 

de kd thaila. 
Knar, n. sakbt girab kari gantb. 
Knarry, a. ganthtbila, gatbila. 
Knave, n, daga-baz, mardak, bad- 

zat. 
Knavery, n, daga-bazi, bad-zati. 
Knavish, a. daga-baz, sbarir. 



tii-dar, gulnie-dar. 
Knobby, a. gatbila, kara. 
Knock, V, marna ya takkar mania, 

pitna ya tbokna. 
Knocker, n, marne wiila, tbokne 

wala, takkar marne wala va khat- 

kbatane wala. 
Knoll, V, gbanta bajana, gbanta 

bajna. [pa bar. 



Knavisbly, ad, daga-bazi ya be- ; Knoll, n, gol-pabari, gol cbbota 
imani se. Knop, n. gucbcha, miitba. 

Knead, v, sannd, manrna, raundna. j Knot, n, girab, daralibt ka wuh 

Kneading-trougb, n. katbauti, katb- \ bissa jaban se koi sbakh nikalti 
r4, parat, tbal. ^ j bai. 

Knee, n. zanii, gbutna. j Knotless, a. be-girib. 

Kneecrooking, a. bukmi-banda, far- | Knotted, a. girib-dar, gantbila, ga- 
man-bardar. | tbila. 

Kneed, a. zanudar, gbutne wala, | Knottin ess, w.girib-dari, iglaq, pecb- 

. theune-wala. dari ya isbkal. 



Kneedeep, a. ta-ba-zanu, gbutnon 

tak tincba, gbutne tak. 
Kneel, n, do-zanii baitbna. 
Kneel er, n, do-zanii baitbne-wala. 
Kneepan, n. kasa-i-zanii, sar-i-zanii, 

gbutne ki cbakki. 
Kneetribute, «. rak'at, gbutnon ka 

jhukanti. 
Knell, n. gbante ki matmi awaz. 
Knew, p. t, of know, jana. 
Knife, n. cbburi, daw, cbaqii. 



Knotty, a. girib-dar, muglaq, pecb- 

dar ya musbkil. 
Know, V. daryaft k., ya maMm k., 

samajbna, waqif b. 
Knowable, a. mumkin-ul-idrdk, dar- 

yaftani, saniajb janne-ke-laiq. 
Knower, n. janne wala, waqif, mabir. 
Knowing, a. bunar-mand ya fiql- 

mand, waqif, fabira. 
Knowingly, ad, dida-o-danista, ilm 

se, ?LC\l se. 



Kuight, n. bahadur, pahalwan, izzat \ KTV0N?\e^^e, u. ^koA^, ^xs.^^, Vv^^, 
ka Ddm. \ \\m, \vos\v ^ ^ \\x^. 



T.AC 



154 



LAI 



K'Uioklo, n. nngnli, ya ungli ka jor. Lack, n. mulitaji, ilitiyaj, kami, qil- 
Kuuckled, a. girih-dar, jor-dar. ; lat, zarurat. 

Lack, V. iniihtaj h., darker h., kam 

h., na li. 
Lackbrain, n. be-aql, kiind-zihn, 

kani-falim. 
Lacker, n. Ink, raagaii. 
Lacker, r. rangau k., luk pherna, 

laklianta k. 
Lackey, w. piytida, gurga, cliakar, 

ardali. 
Lackey, v. ardali men hazir rahna, 

payadagari k. 
j Laconic, Laconical, a, muklitasar, 

matin, kotab, piirmani, yd magz. 
Laconically, ad, ba-ikhtisar, mata- 

nat se. 



ii, Angrezi hurdf .taliajji ka barh- 

wan barf, aur yih liarf adad tnen 

pacbas ke waste bai, aur ikbtisar 

ke live libra (pound) yanc das 

rupaye dam ke ek sikke ki jagab 

mustamal bai. 
Tja, int. yib Lifz taajjub ke malial 

men mustamal liai, jaiaa ki de- 

kbo wagaira. 
Label, n. kisi cliiz par laga liua 

kagaz ka pnrza jis men us cbiz 

ka bay an ho. 
Labent, a, kbisakne wala, pliislau Laconism, n, juma-i-mukhtasar, ma- 



rapatdu, pliis:alne wala. 
Labial, a. shafti muta'alliq-i-lab. 
Laboratory, w. kimiyagar-kd-kar- 

khana, karkbana-i-silab. 
Laborious, a, mihnati, sakbt, dush- 

war, mihntit-talab. 
Laboriously, ad, milmat se, ang- 

torke, mashaqqat-se. 
Labour, n, milinat, mashaqqat, 

dukb, kosbish, sai, jidd-o-jahd,, 

ranj, dard-i-zib, pir. 



tin-kalam. 
Lactary, a. sliirdar, diidbi, narm, 

dudbsar, shir kliana. 
Lactation, w. ehirdibi, diidlipiUi. 
Lacteal, n. rag jis men bokar kailds 

jata bai. 
Laetescence, «. dudbiyail, dudh ka 

rang. 
Lactescent, a, diidbail, diidhar. 
Lad, n. larka, larnda, chokra. 
Ladder, n, sirhi, nardban, zina. 



Labour, v. mihnat k.. ma:Bduri k.. Lade, v. ladnd, bbamji, pbenk d. 

dnkh bliarna, sa'i k., dard-i-zih La<ling, n. bojb, jahaz ka bojha, 

men b. bhar. 

Labourer, n, mibnati, mazdih\ quli. Ladle, n, chamcba, kafgir. 

Labouring, a. mibnati, sai, mibnat- Lady, w. kbatiin, bibi, asbrafzadi, 



kasb. 



khan am. 



Labyrinth, n. peTchpacb ya ghiir | Ladybird, n. ek qism ka lal kira. 

pberki jagah, bhanwar-i-jal, pech- I Ladyday, n. ek teobar jo pachchis- 

o-tab, marpech. win March ko hota bai. 

Lace, n. gota, muqqaisb, jali, kala- Ladylike, a. bibi si, begami, khush- 

battiin. saliqa, nazuk. 

Lace, V, gota tanknd, kalabattun Ladyship, n. kbatiin ka khitdb, 

lagauA, dori d., kasn^. | bibiji, begamsabiba. 

Lacerate, v. pharna, chirna, chhil- Lag. a, pichhlagiia, phaddi, dhila, 

na, chak k. j sust. 

Laceration, a. chir, phar, kharash, Lag, v, ahista chalna, der k., dhila 

cbdk zani, noch kboncb, chhed. | clialna. 
Lacbe, n. gaflat, be-khabri, ta'sdhul. Laic, a. dunyadar se nisbatdar, 
Lachrymal, a. ashki, ansii-awar, girhist ka muta'alliq. 

a«^hk-dwar. Lair, n. banaile janwar ke rahne ki 

Jj^ehrymarj, a. ashkpur, ansu-awar jagah, baieak, ghar. 

^^^'-^'^>^^^/ A'i<'/7///ifc(/, a. jhjilardir. • Aav. 



LAN 



155 



LAN 



Laity, w. diuiyadar, girhist, saiifiarik, 

^laraiyan. 
Lake,- «. jhil talab, pokliaa?, qirmizi 

rang. 
Lamb, n. blier-ka bachcha lel^ 

barra, memnd. 
Lambative, n. cbatni. 
Lamb«'nt, a, lacLkila, iJliar-udhar 

chanchal. 
Lambkin, n. blier-ka cliliota bacclia. 
Lamblike, a. garib, Lalim, iiarm, 

mulaim, 'begunab. 
Lame, a, langra^ lui^ lang, Innj, 

naqis, kbam. 
Lame^ zr. laiigra k., lang k. 
" Lamellated, a. paprila, papri-dar. 
Lamely, ad» langyata, langra-sa, 

ba-nuqsan, qusiir se. 
Lameness, n. langrai, langrahat, qu- 
siir, nuqsdn. 
Lament, v. nala k., rona, gam k., 

afsos k. 
Lamentable, a. matam-aggez, qabil- 

i-matam. 
Lamentably^ ad, afsos-se, ba-gam- 

o-alam. 
Lamentation, n. nala-o-zari, nauhlia, 

m4tam,. w4-waila. 
Lamenter, n, gkiyan, nauha-gar, 

nalan. 
Lamia, w. day an, cbuxail, bliutni. 
Lamiaa, n. parat patla, tabaq, patla 

waraq,. patla cbhilka. 
Laminated, a. parat-dar, partiU, 

tabaqi. 
Lamp, «. cliirag,. diya,. fatilsoz, 

dipak, raushni.. 
Lamp-black, n. kajal, diida, kajli. 
Lampoon, «. bajo, bhandaua, ma- 

zammat. 
Lampoon, v, hajo k., mazammat k. 
Lampooner, n, hajogar, uiazammat- 

nawis, baji. 
Lamprey, n. tambii maclibli, bam 

sarikbi machli. 
^ance, v, neza bbonkna, aasbtar 

mama, chirna. chliedna. 
Lance, n, neza, barchi, baUam. 
Lancet, n. nasbtar. 
Lancb, v. ddhia, phenknL 



Land, v. utarnu, kbasbki par ana, 

utama, ubbrd k. 
Land forces, n, lashkar, kbusbki, 

ka lashkar, fauj. 
Landed, a. sabib-i^zamin, gair-Hrta^ 

qiila. . .-"^ ' 

Landgrave, w. mulk-i-Jannani^;k^ 

shalizada. 
Landgraviate, n. Landgrave ka 

mnlk. 
Landholder, n. zamindar, jagirdar, 

mulki. 
Landing, n. utar-gah, manzil, ghat. 
Land jobber, n, zamin ka tajir ya kar- 

o-bar k. w^ 
Landlady^ ». bhatiyarin, zamin- 

darni, ghar-wali. 
Landloper, n. khushki men rahne- 

wala, kbusbki ka phunga. 
Landlord, w. zamiudar, malik, mez- 

ban, bhatiyara. 
Landmark, w. mend, hadd, sarhadd, 

siwana, danda. 
Landsc(^pe, n. madd-iiazar, kisi 

mullc ki. taswir. 
Landtax, w. biliri, khazana, khiraj-i 

zamin, zar-lagan. 
Laud-waiter, w. ghutwala,. ghat par 

mahsiil lene-wala. 
Lane, n. gali, rah, uaka, rasta. 
Language, n. boli, bhakha, bat,. 

sakhun, guftgii, zaban. 
Language-master, n. zaban sikhlane 

w^l4, ustad, munshi. 
Languid,, a. zaif, uatawiin, manda,. 

sust,.majhul.. 
Languidness, n. zof, natawani, susti, 

mandgi, kahili. 
Languish, n. bimari, nazakat va 

chashm-i-bimar ki nazar ya siirat. 
Languish, v, murjhana, kumblana, 

naqih h. 
Languishingly, ad, nataTrdiii se, zof 

se nazakat se. 
Languishment, n, naqahat,. zof, na- 
tawani. 
Languor, n. mandagi, zof, susti, 

niajhiili, kahili. 
Lank, a. patla, dubla, lagar, za*if,. 

Land, n. zamin, bhiim, raqba, mulk,.^ lJaIv\\\e^^,u.A^3^;^\^.\»'5^^^ 
kbusbki, iqlim, arz, \ \mt, %u^V\. 



\ 



LAS 



156 



LAT 



Lantern, n, faniis, qandil, lalten. 
Lap, n, god, godi, zaiui ke lipar ki 

jagali, daman. 
Lap, V. lapetna, cliapar chapar pina, 

chatna, godi men 1. 
Lapdog, n. chliota sa kutta jise bi- 

bian god men rakbti hain, qarji 

kutta. 
Lapel, n. nlti sanjaf, band. 
Lapidary, n. jauhari, liajjar, hakkak. 
Lapidary, a, sang tarash, yad gar, 

pathar par marqiim, mnqbara. 
Lapidate, t;. patthar mama, sangsar 

k.,. pattharon se raardalna. 
Lapidescence, n, patthar ka sa sakht. 
Lapidify, v. patthar banana, pat- 
thar hojana. 
Lapper, w. chatne wala, lapetne wala. 
Lappet, n, shamla, diimbala, daman. 
Lapse, n, chiik, khata, girao, chhiit, 

giizar, inqiza, sann. 
Lapse, V, din ya kamaliyat ya rasti 

se gimd, galati k., bc-iman h., be- 

aitiqad h. 
Lapwing, «. ek qism ki chirya. 
Larboard, n. jahaz ki bay in taraf. 
Larceny, w. chori, duzdi. 
Lard, n, suar ki pakki charbi. 
Lard, v. suar ki charbi se malna, 

mota k., milana. 
Larder, «. rikabddr khana, ni'amat 

khana, khand rakhne ki almari. 
Large, a. bar 4, mota, kalan, phailau, 

kushada, farakh, azim, bhdri. 
Largely, ad, bahut-sa, ba ifrat, ku- 

shadagi se. 
Largeness, n. bardi, motai, kalani, 

kushadagi. 
Large-hearted, a, sakhi, rahamdil. 
Largess, ». bakhshish, inam. 
Lark, n, qunbar, chakawak, lawa. 
Larkspur, n, ek qism ke phnl ka 

darakht. 
Larynx, n, halaq, nali, tentua, hul- 

qiim. 
Lascar, n. Hindustani khalasi, ahl- 

i- jahaz. 
Lascivious, a. mast, shahwat ya 

nafs parast, chulhari. 
Lasciviously, ad, masti se, shah^yat 
parasti se, 
Lnscivioiisness, n. inasti, shahwat. 



Lash, n, kora, chabuk, zarb-i-chi- 

buk. 
Lash, V. kora mama, hajo k., jakar 

d., bandhna. 
Lass, n. chhokri, doshiza, naeka, 

gopi. ' ^ 

Lassitude, n, mandagi, be-tabi, sus- 

ti, thakai. 
Lasslora, a. naeka ka talaq diya 

hua, marddd, pichhe. 
Last, a, pichhla, akhir, guzashta. 
Last, n. qalib-i-kafsh, -kalbud, sin- 

gauti, qalib. 
Last, V. tikna, thaliarna, kifayat k. 
Lasting, pa, paedar, tikau, chalaii, 

dairai. 
Lastly, ad, pichhe, akhir-ul-amr, 

hasil-i-kalam. 
Latch, n. phirki, billi. 
Latchet, n, salii, fafsh-band, tasma. 
Late, n. aver, der, bader, dirang, 

agla, aj kal. 
Late, a, derkar, pichhe, ittider. 
Lately, ad. thore dinon ka. 
Lateness, n. d«ri, der, dirangi, di- 
rang. 
Latent, a, chhipa, poshida, makhfi. 
Lateral, a, jambi, pahliii. 
Laterally, ad, ek taraf, pahlii se, 

kindre se. 
Latest, a. sab se pichhla, akherio. 
Lath, n, baranga, barga, parch at, 

bukhari, kat ki dhajj. 
Lath, V, barge-bandi k., lagana. 
Lathe, n, kharad. 
Lather, w. sabun ka kaf jk phen, 
Latin, n, Kiimiyon ki qadim zaban, 
Latinism, n, Latin ka muhawara. 
Latinist, n, Latin zaban men alim 

ya mahir. 
Latinize, v, Latin zabdn ke muha- 
wara se likhna. 
Latitude, n, chaurai, pahna, phailao, 

darja-i-arz, kushadgi. 
Latitudinal, a. arapan, benda tirchhi. 
Latitudinarian, a, bila-qaid, azad- 

taba, bad mazhab ya bad saliqa 

shakhs. 
Latria, n. Khuda-parasti, parastish- 

i-alataxin.. 



LAV 



157 



LAX 



Latter, o. donon men ka piclihla, 

nmwakhkhir. 
Lattice, n. shabak. jbanjharidar, jal, 

jali, khirki, chik, chilwan. 
Lattice, v. jbanjharidar ya jalidar 

banana, jalidar kbirki lagana. 
Laud, n, sana', sitaisb, tarif-amez 

git. 
Laud, V. tarif k., sitdisb k. 
Laudable, a. tarif ke qabil, laiq-i- 

tabsin, mustahsan, sarabne jog. 
Laudably, ad, tarif ki qabiliyat se. 
Laudanum, n. afim ka araq. 
Laugb, V. bansna, tabassum k., kbil- 

kbilana, bansi k. 
Laugh, n. khan da, hansi, khandagi. 
Laughable, a, qabil-i-tazbik, han- 

si-jog, khanda-pazir. 
Laugher, n. hansor, hansne wal4, 

hansmukb, khanda-rii. 
Laughingstock, n. maskhara, hansi- 

ka sabab, mazhaka. 
Laughter, n. tazhik, hansai, khanda. j 
Launch, v, jabaz ko guddi par se 

utama ya sarkd d., khol-kar bol- 

na, phcnknd, mama. 
Launder, Laundress, n. dhobin. 
Launder, v, dhond, bhigona. 
Laundi-y, n. kapie dhone ki jagab, 

' dhulai. 
Laureate, n. malikushshuara, shair- 

i-diwani. 
Laureate, a. dhamast ka ban a hud 

tajdar, dbase maziyan. 
Laurel, n. dhamast, tezpat, ek qism 

ka darakht. 
Lava, n. joalamukhi ke josh men 

jo chiz, bahti hai. 
Laration, n. dholai, dhoai-o-safai. 
Lavatory, n, dhone ki jagah, sbust- 

gab, ghaw wagaira dlione ki dawa. 
Lave, V, dhona, gusal k., bhigona, 

ulichnd, sinchna, iiikal d. 
Lavender, n. ek qism ka khushbu- 

dar darakht. 
Laver, n, dhone ya gusal ke liye 

bard bartan, gamla, nand. 
Lavish, v, urdnd, israf k., barbad k. 
Lavish, a. musrif, fuziil kharch, 

bezabt. 

Lavishly, ad. musrifiina, fuziil khar- 
chi se. 



Law, w. qaida ya rasm, zabita, fiqha, 

ain, farman, qaniin. 
Lawbreaker, n. ain-shikan, ain ya 

shara namanne wala, qaida tor- 

dalne wala. 
Lawday, n. adalat ka roz, adalat ke 

khule rahne ka roz. 
Lawful, a. shari, aini, jaiz, mubah, 

majaz, mujawwaz ya rawa, halal 

ya durust. 
Lawfully, ad, az-riie sharah. 
Lawfulness, n. mutabaqat-i-shara 

ya mubahiyat, durusti ya wajiib. 
Lawgiver, n. sharai, shara-dan, liiu- 

sdz. 
Lawgiving, a. ain-banane wala, 

qanun-band. 
Lawless, a, be-zabt, be-qaicla ya 

be-lagam, najaiz, be-shara ya crair- 

shari. 
Lawlessly, ad, shara ke kliilaf, na- 
jaiz taur se. 
Lawlessness^ w. mukhalafat-i-shar, 

ain-shikani, be-lagdmi, be-adli. 
Lawmaker, n. shari, shara-dan qa- 



niin saz. 



Lawmonger, n. faqih-i-faro-maya, 

adna faqih, fiqa-farosh. 
Lawn, 71. jangal men, jo maidan ho, 

marg-zar. 
Lawn, n, ek qism ka mihin kapra, 

sela. 
Lawny, a. pur-maidan, pur-marg zar. 
Lawny, n. ek qism ke mihin kapre 

ka bana hua, seli. 
Lawsuit, n. da'wa ya nalish, niuqad- 

dama. 
Lawyer, n. adalat ka wakil, faqiha, 

aindan ya shara-dan. 
Lawyerly, a. adalat ke wakil ke ma- 

nind ya faqihakemanind, adalati, 

hakimi ya sharai. 
Lax, a, naim, dhila, na-durust, 

majhiil sust ya na-siikht-gir. 
Laxation, n. dbila-pan, ishal,jaryan- 

i-shikam. 
Laxative, a, mulaiyin, mushil, ghiiti. 
Laxity, n. is hal, dhiU-pan, kusha- 

dagi. 
Laidy, ad. ^'!\^-^^xv. ^^, \cis,A>^^x^.'^N\, 



LEA 



158 



LEA 



Lay, v» rakbna, dharua ya utariia, 

rokna, anda d., biclihaha. 
Lay, n. tali ya tabaq, qatra, ya 

qitar, sliart. 
Lay, n, gazal, slii*r. 
Lay, a. dunya-dar logon se nisbat- 

dar. 
Layer, n, rakline wiila, baithalne 

walii, lagane wala, ya anda dcue 

Willi. 
Layman, n. danya-dar shaklis, jo 

shaklis pddri na Iio. 
Laystall, n. go bar ka dlier. 
Lazur, n. koybi. 
Lazar-house, Lazaret, Lazaretto, n. 

bimar-kliana, sliafa-khana, sliafa- 

khana ya shifa-khana. 
Lazar-like, Lazarly, a. gliawon se 

bhara hua korhi. 
Laziness, w. susti, kahili, majhiili. 
Laze, u. susti men din katna. 
Lazy, a. kani-qadani ya kam-ran, 

ardm-talab, sust, kahil, kamchor. 
Lea, Ley, n. niaidan, inarg-zar 

cliaragah ya sa? za-zar. 
Lead, n, sisa, rang. [na. 

Lead, v. sisa-jamana, sise se manrh- 
Lead, r. rah-nuraai k., Iej4na, plnis- 

lana, tahrik d., guzran ya sarf k., 

le clialna, ghasitna. 
Lead, w. sardar, taqaddum ya awwal 

jagah, rahnumai. 
Leaden, a. sise ka ban4 hiia, bhari, 

gawdi, dhima ya dliira. 
Leaden-hearted, a. sang-dil, bewa- 

qiif. 
Leaden-heeled, a. ahista-rau. 
Leaden-stepping, a, dhire chalne 

wala, ahista-rau. 
Leader, n. pesh-rau, peshwa, mahdi, 

rah-numa, salar, sardar ya sar- 

guroh. 
Leading, a. awwal, muqaddam. 
Leadingrstring, n, doriyan jinko pa- 

kar-kar chhote chhote larke chal- 

ne lagte hain. 
Leady, a. sise ke rang ka. 
Leaf, n, barg ya patta, panna, waraq,. 

fard. 
Jyeaf, V. patte-lana, patiyana. 
Leafage, u. -patton ki iKihutyat, 
l^a/itU paiii 



Leafless, a. be-barg. 
Leaflet, n, chhoti patti. 
Leafy, a, pnr-barg, barg-dar. 
League, v, ittifaq k., milna, ganthna. 
League, n. ittihad, mel, ya ittifaq, 

baudish, sarish. 
League, n. farsang, tin mil. 
Leaguer, n. rafiq, sharik, sathi, 

sazish k. w., muhasara. 
Leak, n, chhed jismen se pani rase, 

siirakh, darz. 
Leak, v, risna, tapakna, chiina. 
Leakage, n. tapkim ya chaun khad. 
Leaky, a. chhed aha, siirakh-dar, 

tiita. 
Lean, v. dhalna ya mail h., takiya 

lagana, jhukna ya nihum^. 
Lean, a, dubla, patla, nahif, hin, 
, dangar. 

Leanness, n, dublai, dublapa, dan- 
gar-pan ya dublapan. 
Leap, r. kudnii ya ularna, phandna, 

uchhalna. 
Leaper, w. kuddakkar, kudne wala^ 

uchhalne waJd, phandne wala, 

chaukari-bhame wala. 
Leapfrog, n. ek khel jismen larke 

mondak saorike kiidtc hain, kiida- 

kiidi. 
Leapyear, n. chautha sal, chautlia 

sdl jismen ek roz zaid hota hai, 

laund. [sikhana. 

Learn, v. janna ya sunna, sikhna ya 
Learned, a. alim, fazil, pandit, hun- 

nar-mand. 
Learnedly, acT. alimana ya ilm se,. 

hunnarmandi se, fazil an a. 
Learn edness, n, fazilat, ilmiyat, 

buzurgi. 
Learner, n, talib-i-ilm,. shagird, tal- 

miz, mutaallim, nau amoz. 
Learning, w. ilm, ilmiyat, fazilat. 
Lease, n, ijara, sanad, tauhad. 
Lease, v. bima lend, chunna, ijare 

d., kiraya d., bin lend. 
Leasehold, v. patte ki riise qabzc 

men ijara k. 
Leader, n, bin lene waJa, chun leae 

wdla. 
Leaser, n. jhutha, darog-go. - 



LEG 



159 



LEV 



}li, V, bandlina. 
;ing, n. jhiith, darog. 
jt, a. sab-se clihota, kamtarin, 
gar. 

her, n. chamra, chirm, jild, khal. 
lier-dresser, ». dabbag, chirm 
z, chamar. 

^e, n. chhutti," ijazat, wida, tatil. 
'e^ V. chhorna, tyagna, tark k,, 
ba k., dena. 

^eu, «. kharair, mawa, fasad. 
'^eH, t*. khamir uthana. kharab 
I aluda k. 

dngs. ». jhiitha, pasm^nda, 
.qiyat. akhor, uim-khurda. 
lor, n. zinjikar, randi-baz. 
ler, V. randi-bazi k., zina k. 
ure, w. dare, sabaq, bay an, 
alamat, gosh mail, 
ure, V. sabaq d., goshmali k., 
alamat k. 

^e, fi. kagar, takhta, qatar, 
iiara, haeliiya, patti. 
jer, n. khata. bahi^ pakki bahi. 
w. jisrukh se hawa bahe uske 
mne ki taraf. 
;h, n. jonk, tabib, hakim. 
c, ». gandana, kurras. 
', V. iirchlii iijizar k. 
, r. ka^nigahi, tirchiuazar. 
J, n. gad, tnlchhat, durd. 
., n. ek iTifijma ya majlis admi- 
m ki fihrist, fnrd, hissa. 
, a. bayan, cliap, yasar, bacha 
la, baqi in an da. 
, n. saq, tang, pindli, pay«a. 
acy, w. hilxa, wasiyat, baha*a. 
il, <i. shara/i, jaiz, adalati. 
ite^ n. wakil, clehi. 
itiow, n. wakalat, elchi gari. 
end, ji. tawarikh, afsana, raqam. 
ible, a. parhne jog, khwandani, 
.f likha hua. 

ibly, ><xd, saf nawisi-se, saf-saf. 
ion, n, garoh, fauj, dangal. 
[slate, V. ain-bandi k., q^nun- 
i.nana, tashrih k. 
islative, a, ain numa, qanun 

;Z. 

slator, n, sliaW, mnj tabid. 
sJahire^ n. sarkdi\ qjiniiii-sazon 
,:^roh yd mnjiis. 



Legitimate, a, jaiz, halal-zada, asl. 
Legume, Legumen, n. matar, lobiya^ 

sem, urd, masiir,.mving. 
Leisure, w. fursat, faragat^ chhutti. 
Lemon, n, nibii, limii, turnnj. 
Lemonade, n. sharbat-i-nibd. 
Lemon-grass, n. agiyd ghas. 
Lend, v. qarz d., wam d., ^riyat d., 

lidhar d. 
Lender, n. qarz dene Wala, qarz 

khwah, wdmdihinda. 
Length, w. lamba, darazi, tiil ; ma- 

safat. 
Lengthen, r. lambjina, barhand, 

daraz k., tiil-tawil k. 
Lengthwise, ad, lamoai. 
Lengthwise, ad. lambai men, darazi 



se. 



Lenient, a. miilaim, mulaiyin, halim, 

musakkin. 
Lenity, n. narmi, mulaimat, rahm. 
lico, n. burj-i-asad, singh. 
Leopard, «. chita, palang, yiia, ten- 

hda. 
Leper, «. korhi. pesi, majziim. 
Leprosy, n. korh, jwzam, pes. 
Lepid, a. khush ya khursand, zinda- 

dil. 
Less, a. kamtar, kam, thora.. 
Lessen, v. ghatana, kam k., khafif 

k., lialka k. 
Lesson, n. sabaq, dars, path, nasi- 

hat, pand. 
Lesson, v. sikhana, ta'lim d., ya k. 
Lest, c, mabada, shay ad, khuda-ua- 

kl I wast a, aisa-na-ho. 
Let, r, dena, ijazat d. ; kiraya d. — 

aJone, chhor d., hatli latthdnd — 

down, litar d., litarua — Jail, gira 

d.. girana, parne d. — go. chor d., 

jane d. — in, ane d., dakhal d. — out^ 

jane d., azad k — o^, chorna, cha- 

Ian a, dagna, niama. 
Let, n. atkao, rok, saHd, rauzahimat. 
Lethargy, «. sabat, khwab-aludagi^ 

kahili, susti. 
Letter, w. harf, khatt, ruqqa, chitthi,. 
Letters, n. ilm, ilmiyat, fazilat. 
Levant, a. sharqi, nmsLriqi. 



LIE 



IGO 



LIM 



Lever, n, thek, dbenkli, diiiidi. 
Leveret n. khargosh ka baclicha. 
Lovigale, v. pisnii, surma-sa k. 
Levity, n, subuki, kbift'at, halkai, 

oubbapan. 
Levy, V, jama k., fauj bandi k., tabsil 

k., sipabi bbarti k. 
Lewd, a. mast, sbabwati, nafs- 

parst. 
Lewdness,' n, sbabwat, zinakari, 

bawas. 
Lexicon, n. lugat, farbang. 
Liable, a. mariiz pazir, giriftar, zim- 

ma-dar, jawab dib. 
Liar, n. jbiitbii, kazib, darog go. 
Libel, n. nialamat-nama, bajo. 
Libel, V. bad-nami k., bub tan d., 

tub mat laganii. 
Libellous, a. badnam-gar, bubtan- 

saz. 
Liberal, a. sakbi, faiyaz, bausila- 

mand, dil-kusba, karim, azad, 

sakbi. 
Liberate, v, clibor d., azad k., kba- 

las k. 
Liberation, n. cbbutkani, azadagi. 
Libertine, n. fasiq, rind badkar,faqir. 



Life, n. zindagi, zindagani, jan, 

bayat, umr. 
Lifeless, a. be-jan, be-dani, nnirda, 

murda-dil, sust. 
Lifetime, n. bin-i-bayat, tamani umr, 

umr-bbar. 

■ 

Lift, n. utbana, utlia lena, cbarbana, 

uncliana, buland k., afraz k., bar- 
ban a. 
Ligament, 71. band, pai, nas, pattlia. 
Ligature, n. patti, band, doni, rassi. 
Liglit, n, ujala, rosbni, nur, sbama, 

cbirag, batti, ilm, talim. 
Ligbt, a. ujla, rosban, balka, subuk, 

kbafif, cbancbal, pbika, asaii, 

cbalak. 
Ligbt, v.jaldna, rosban k., snlgana,, 

utdrnii, nazil b., milnii, parna. 
Ligbten, v, balkii k., bojbnikaln^ 

cbamakna. 
Ligbt-bearted, a, kbuwli dil, dil- 

sbad, kbuiram, sbadnuin. 
Ligbt-legged, a, tez-rau, cduUak, 

tez-raftar. 
Ligbtness, n. balkai, subuki, kbif- 

fat, rosbni. 
Ligbtning, n. bijli. barq. 



Liberty, w. azadi, riliai, ijazat, ikbti- Like,«. bamsbakl, sbakl, sbakbsya 
• yar. . [kar. . cbiz. ^^ 

■.^*^Jjii)idinous, a. sbabwati, mast, zina- I Like, a. mu'ji^fiq, manind, barabar, 
*■'' ^ Libra, w. burj-i-mizan, tiila. misal, eksan. 

Library, ». jamiyat-i-kutub-kbana. Like, v, pasand k., cbabna, qabiil k., 

jjibration, n. jbiihibat, tbartbarabat. mail b. 

Licence, License, n, ijazat, farnian, j Likelihood, Likeliness, n, i]|K|nal, 

parwana. j mabdliat, siirat, gunian. 

Licentious, a. be qaid, baramkar, , Likely, a. mubtamil, niaqi\l, bon- 
badkar. i bar, galib. " . 



Lick, V. cbatmi, marna, gbunsa 

marna. 
liicit, a. wajib, jaiz, rawa. 
Lid, n. dbakna, dbapna, sarposb, 

chapni, parda-i-cbasm, palak. 
Lie, n. jbiitb, darog, kizb. 
Lie, V, jbiitb kabna, letna, parna, 

daraz b., rabna, bonjt, makan r. 

raauzii b. — hid, cbliipa rabna, ni- 

hufta b. — in, jfinna, paida k., 

prasbab b. — in wait, gbat men 

rabna. 
Lieuj^, i'wnz, badal, jagab, jae. 



Liken, v, muqabala k., tamsil d., 

tashbih d. . ^ 

Likeness, n. muwafaqat, 4Fnundsabat, 

musbababat, misal, tamsil. 
Likewise, ad, bbi, niz, masiwa, 

alawa. [bat. 

Liking, n. cbah, sliauq,- mail, rag- 
Lily, n, sosan, saman. 
Limb, n, azii, sbakb, dali; kiuara, 

lab, zih. 
Limb, V. azu ya sbakben laganai 

band-band juda k. 
Lime, n. cbnna, abdr, kagazi limu. 



Lieutenant, n, ^aim-rauqam, B&ib, \ lATOie, v. Ci\i^Tik \a^k«vk, ^^«w^ 
jamnddr. \ \e.Bii^ gkos^iv^. 



LIQ 



IGl 



LIV 



Lime-kiln, 7i. cliiine ki Lhatti. 
Limestone, n, kankar cluine kii 

pattbar. 
Limit^ n, hadd, sarliadd, siwana, 

intiba. 
Limit, V. badd bandbnd, mabdiid k., 

band k., gberna. 
Limitation, n, tabaddud, badd, qaid. 
Limited, a. mabdiid, bandbd-bua, 

makbeds. 
Limn, v, taswir kbincbna, rang 

bbarna ya lagand. 
Limner, n. musawwir, naqqasb. 
Limp, r. langrana, lang k. 
Limpid, a. saf, sbafiaf, nirmal. 
Line, w. dora, rassi ; kbatt, jadwal ; 

satar, kbatt-i-istiwa, misra, bait ; 

qatar, saff ; kbandaq, nasi, silsila. 
Line, v, barabar rakbna, as tar bigana 

ya d., mazbiit k., marbna. 
Lineage, n, nasab, asl, nasi, silsila. 
Lineal, a. sidlia, rast. 
Lineament, w. kbal-o-kbatt, siirat, 

sbakl. 
Linen, n, katan, qism-i-kapra. 
Linger, v, der lagana, pas-o-pesb k., 

taraddud k. 
Lingual, a. lisani. [da. 

Linguist, n. zaban-dan, higat-dzmi\- 
Linimcnt, n. marbam, lep. 
Lining, w. astar, marbam. 
Link, n. kari, quldba, balqa, masbal, 

dasti. 
Link, V, musalsal k., wasl k., jorna. 
Linseed, n, alsi, tukbm-i-katan. 
Linstock, n. falita, batti, sokbta. 
Litit, n. narm katan, siif, san. 
Lintel, w. patao, cbaukbat, ddb. 
Lion, w. sing, slier babar, asad. 
Lioness, n. sberni, bagbini. 
Lip, n. lab, bontb, sbafat, kinara, 

siifar. 
Liquate, v. galna, pigbalna. 
Liquefy, v, galdna ya galna, pigbla- 

nd yd tagbalna. 
Liquid, <i. abi, raqiq, patla, pigbla 

budr. 
Liquid. «. pani, ab, araq, ras. 
Liquidate, v, add k., patand, utarnd. 



Liquorice, «, asl-us-sus mulbati, 

rubbus-sus. 
Lisp, Lisping, 7?. tutld'i, liiknat, za- 

bdn-giriftagi. 
Lisp, V, tutldnd, luknat k. 
List, n, fibrist, fard, ismwari ; sar- 

badd, patti, akbdrd. 
List, V, kbwabisb k., cbdbnd, sunnd, 

ndm likbnd, fibrist men ddkbil k. 
Listen, v. sunnd, kan lagand, mut- 

wajjih b. 
Listless, a, sust, kdbil, gdfil, murda- 

dil. 
Literal, a. barfi, lugwi, lafz-ba-lafz, 

tbik. 
Literary, a. ilmf, bdbat-ilm-ke fazi- 

lat, mai\sdb, ilm. 
Literate, a, dlim yd fdzil, sabib-i- 

ilm. 
Literate, n. ulmd, fuzald, sdbibdn-i- 

ilm. 
Literature, n, ilm, ilmiyat, fazilat. 
Litbe, Litber, a. nai-m, cbimra, la- 

cbild. 
Litbograpb, «. pattbar kd cbbdpd. 
Litbograpby, w. pattbar par cbbdp- 

ne kd ilm. 
Litigate, v, muqaddama larnd, dawd 

k., qaziydjf. 
Litigation, w, muqaddamtO, dawa, 

qaziya. 
Litigious, a. jbagralii, qaziyd-jo, 

muqaddamabdz. 
Litter, n. dold, pdlki, miydna, gbas; 

jbol, alde-balae. 
Litter, v, jannd yd bydnd, gbas 

bicbbdnd, kiire se bbarnd. 
Little, a. tbord, andak, zarra, cbbota, 

saigir, kburd, ndcbiz. 
Little, ad. tbord-tbord, abiste-ahiste. 
Littleness, n. cbbotdi, andaki, qil- 

lat. 
Live, v. jind, jitd-rablid, fcinda b., 

biid-o-bdsb k. 
Live, a. jitd, zinda; sozdn, jalta. 
Livelibood, n, rozi, roz-gdr, rizq, 

maisbat. 
Lively, a. zinda dil, kbusb-taba, 

cbdldk. 



Liquor, ti. pdnl, araq, sbardb, dar\i. I LW^t, n. ^i^'ax^YsiX^^k. 
Liquor, v. nam k., .tar-batar k.,\LWeT^, -a. \ikxvix, Ows^^^^, ^^^'^^^^^ 
giid It. \ i\k\o%^'%^\. 



u 



LCD 



162 



LOO 



Livid, a, nihi-pila, nil-fam, zard, 

iida. 
Living, a.jita, zinda; jandar. 
Living, n. rozigar, maishat, rizq. 
Lizard, w. clihi|^ali, girgit, tiktiki, 

goh. ^ 

Lo, int. dekh, deklio,lo. 
Load, w. bojh, bojlia, bliar, bar, haml. 
Load, V, bojlia ladnii, bar k., bbama, 

bliari k. 
Loadstar, n. jadi, qutab. 
Loadstone, n, sang-i-miqnatis, chum- 

mak-pattliar. 
Loaf, n. pao-roti, nan-pao. 
Loaf, V. susti se waqt katna, awara 

phima. 
Loam, w. cbikni-mitti, gil. 
Loan, v. lehesna, kaligil lagana. 
Loan, w. qarz, ariyat, udhar, pag- 

dandi. 
Loan, v, udhar d., qarz d. 
Loath, a. nd-raz, kashidd, mnnharif. 
Loathe, V. nafrat r., makriih jtinnd. 
Loathing, n. nafrat, karahiyat, 

ghin. 
Loathsome, a. makriih, karih, ghi- 

naona. 
Lobby, n, dcoihi, pesh-dalan, jilaii- 

khdna. 
Lobe, w. tuki'd, phank. 
Local, a, makani, nialialli, jai khds. 
Locality, n, maqam, jag ah. 
Locate, v. rakhn^ baithand, jagah d. 
Lock, n. tala, qufl— (^0/ a gun) kal, 

chanp — (of hair) zulf, kakul, 

gesi — (of word) poni, gala, 

phaha. 
Lock, V. qufl yd tala lagana yd band 

k., band k. 
Locker, n, daraj, almdri khdna, san- 

diiq. 
Locket, n, qism-i-zewar, tiikmd, 

chhotd qufl. 
Locomotion, w. harkat, sair, naql-i- 

makdn. 
Locomotive, a. mutaharrik. 
Locust, n. tiddi, malakh, tiri. 
Locution, TO. guft-gii, bol-chal, boli. 
Lodge, n, jhonprd, khdnd, jddii- 

ghar. 
Lodge, V, tikttd, rahni, utamd, rakh- 
/?4 P^nxdf baithdhA, basdnd. 



Lodger, w. baahindd, shab-bdsli, 
kirdya-dar, mnqira. 

Lodging, n. thikdnd, makdn, biid-o- 
bash, makan-i-chand-rozd. 

Loft, n. kothd, atdri, bam, tinclii- 
jagali. 

Loftiness, n. linchdi, bulandi; takab- 
bur, magriiri. 

Lofty, a. linchd, buland, aid, buU; 
magrur, mutakabbir. 

Log, n, kunda, latthd. 

Loggerhead, w. ahmaq, be-waqiif, 
gaodi. 

Logic, n. mantiq, ilm-i-munazira. 

Logical, a. mantiqi, maiitiq-ddn. 

Logician, n. sdhib-i-mantiq, man- 
tiqi. 

Loin, n. kamai*, miydn, sulb. 

Loiter, v, tdl-matol k., tdlnd, dcri k. 

Loll, V. letd rahnd, pare rahmi, za- 
ban nikalnd. 

Lone, Lonely, a. ekld, akeld, tanlia, 
wahid. 

Long, a, lambd, daraz, tiil-tawil, 
dirang, dhild, diir, nihdyat, bahut 
— (^9^) bahut waqt guzra, mud- 
dat — (as long as) jitne din, jab- 
tak — (far) diir. [h. 

Long, V. chdhnd, tarasnd, mushtaq 

Longevity, w. umr dardzi, tiil-i-umr. 

Longing, w. chdh, ishtiydq, ragbat, 
kamil-khwdhish . 

Longitude, w. tiil, dardzi, lambdn. 

Longsuffering, w. tahammul, sabr, 
hilm. 

Longsuffering, a. sdbir. 

Longways, ad, lambdi-men, ba- 
dardzi. 

Look, V. dekhna, nigdh k., nazal' k., 
nazar-dnd, siirat-pazir h., maliim 
h. — (after) khabargiri k., istigal 
r. — (for) intizdr k., muntazir h., 
bdt-dekhnd — (out) taldsh k., dhiin- 
dhnd, nazar k. — (to) khabarddri 
k., nigdhbdni k. 

Look, w. nazar, nigdh, numd, siirat, 
zdhir-hdl. 

Looking-glass, a, dind, dbgind, mi- 
rdt. 

Loom, n, tdnt, juldhe kd rdchh, ds- 



1 



LOV 



163 



LOY 



Loop, n. halqii, pliansi, liikmd, 

phanda. 
lioop-hole, n. rauzau, tir-kash, rand. 
Loose, a, khula, dhila, kusliada, 

narm, chLiita; be-qaid, na-maqul, 

gairmuaiyan. 
Loose, V, kholna, chho.r d., azad k., 

dhila k., sust k. 
Loosely, a. halka, sarasari; gaflat se. 
Looseness, w. dhilai, kusliadgi; be- 

qaidi, be-zabti, zinakarj, ishal, 

j iriy an-i-sliikam. 
Lop, V, katn4, tarashna, katarna, 

chbantnd. 
Loquacious, a, ziyada-go, bakki, 

bdtuiii, gappi. 
Lord, n. mdlik, sahib, khawind, 

wall, Khuda-wand, Kliuda. 
Lordly, a, mutakabbir, magriir. 
Lordship, n, malkiyat, Khudawand- 

i-niainat, jdnab-wala. 
Lore, n. ilm, fazl-o-hunar, gun. 
Loricate, v. marhna, pattar charhd- 

na, lewa lagana. 
Lorn, a. matriik ya lacbar, gaya- 

guzra, halak, tanha. 
Lose, r, khond, gum k., magltib h., 

ziyan k., nuqsaii uthana, barbad d. 
Loser, n. khone-wala, harii, gumku- 

ninda, magldb. 
Loss, n. nuqsau, ziyan, khisara, za- 

wal, shikast. 
Lost, a. gum, zaia, gaya-guzra. 
Lot, n. nasib, qismat, hissa, bahra; 

qura-i-qismat. 
Lotion, n. zakhm dhone ka dawa- 

dar pdni; gaza. 
Lottery, n. qura-bazi, sharti, chit- 

tbi-ka-khel. 
Loud, a. buland-awaz, lincha ya 

bhdri, shor-o-gul. 
Loud, Loudly, ad. zor-shor se, bu- 

land dwazi se. 
Lough, n, jhil. 
Lounge, v. nithalla, rahna ya mak- 

khi mdrna, khalidin katna. 
Lounger, w. harza-gard, nithal, ka- 

^ hil, makkhi marue wala. 
Love, n. ishq, muhabbat, piyar; 

'dshiqi, iahq-bdzi, yiiahwat. 
Love, p. piyar k., wiu/jabbat r., i.shq 
i\f Hshjq h. 



Love-day, m. jhagrd niptaue ya diir- 

kame ka din. 
Love-favour, w. muhabbat ki nishiini 

ya yadgari. 
Lovely, a. piyara, ishq-angez, dil- 

rubd, naznin, mahbiib, dil-bar, 

sd-Snld. 
Ltfver, n. ashiq, muhibb, habib, yar, 

sajjan, ashna. 
Love-sick, w. majniin, farefta. 
Lovingly, ad, ashiqana, muhabbat- 

se. 
Low, a. nicha, zer, past, nasheb, 

adna, kamina, diin, haqir, sifta, 

kotahqad ; sasta, arzan ; udas ; 

dhima, halka. 
Low, V, banbana, binbiyana, dakarna. 
Low, ad, niche, tale, zer, ahistc, 

haule. 
Lowbell, n. chiriya pakaine ka jal 

j ism en ek balta hua diya aur ek 

ghanta bandhd rahta hai. 
Lower, v, nicha k., girana, dabana, 

utdma ya jhukana, ghatana, gir 

na, dabnd yii utarna ; ghiirna, 

kashida-rahna ; andhera h., ghir- 

na, badal ka umanina. 
Lo^Yer, a, paster, farotai', kamtar. 
Loweringly, ad, ghata ya badli se, 

andhere ya dhumlai se. 
Lower-most, ad, sab-se-nicha. 
Lowland, n. zamin-i-nasheb tarai, 

nichan. 
Lowliness, n. fardtani, gurbat, ijz, 

hilm ya khak-sari, inksar. 
Lowly, a, fai-otan, khak-sar, garib 

ya salim, halim, kamina ya dun. 
Lowness, n, pasti, arzani, iidasi 

susti, kami. 
Lowspii'ited, a. afsurda-dil, past-him- 

mat, sust, murda-dil, kahil. 
Low-thoughted, a. kam'ine khayal 

ka, past-khayal, diin-himmat. 
Loyal, a, namak-halal, daulat khwali 

yd sarkdr ka khair-khwah, wafa- 

dar. 
Loyalist, n, padshahi-bajida, bad- 

shahdost. 
Loyally, ad. iv«L\\i\x\L-\\^'Ms\ "s,^^^^^- 

dari sq. , 

bardati. 



LUC 



IG4 



LUN 



Lozenge, w. shakl-i-chau-gosha,lauz, 

burs. 
Lnbbard, n, kam-clior. 
Lubber, n. sust, kaudan. 
Lubberly, a. sust, jasim, badwazd, 

bad-saliqa. 
Lubric, a. pLislaha, chikna, bc-qarar, 

be-zabt, mast. 
Lubricate, v. chiknA k., chiknana. 
Lubricator, n, jo chikna kare, jo 

cliiknawe. 
Lubricity, n, phislaba, cbiknai ya 

chiktiabat. 
Lubricous, a. phislaba, chikna, gair- 

muqarrar. 
Lubrification, Lubrifaction, n, chik- 
nana, chikna k. 
Luce, n. ek qism ki machhli. 
Lucent, a. raushan, taban, darakb- 

shanda, saf. 
Lucid, a. raushan, roshan. ya taban, 

darakhshanda, nirmal. 
Lucidity, n. roshni yd iabindagi, 

tibani ya raunaq. 
Lucidness, n. safdi ya tabindagi, 

shaffafi. 
Lucifer, n. zuhra ya luli-i-falak, 

shaitan. 
Luciferous, a, roshni-bakhsh, taban. 
Luciferously, ad. zahir karne ke 

taur se. 
Luciflc, a. roshni-saz, roshni khez. 
Luciform, a. roshni khassiyat, rosh- 
ni sifat. 
Luculent, a. saf, shaffaf, zahir ya 

ashkara. 
Luck, n. qismat ya bahra, bakht, 

maqsiim ya nasib, ittifaq. 
Luckily, <id, khush-nasibi se, qis- 
mat ya nek-ittifaqi se. 
Luckless, a. kambakht, badnasib, 

fta-mubari]j. 
Luckiness, n. khush qismati, bakh- 

tiyari, iqbal. 
Lucky, a. khush-nasib. bakht awar, 

ya nasibwar, iqbdl mand, yi bah- 

ra-mand. 
Lucrative, a, fdida mand, mufid. 

Slid mand. 
Lucre, n. nafa, fafda, slid. 
Luctation, n, jm-Gsbmi, sai, jilid, 
daur-dhup^ 



Lucubrate, v, rat ko kitab-bini k., 

charag jala ke parhna yii likhna. 
Lucubration, n. rat ki kitab bini, 

rat ki tasnif, shab-khezi. 
Lucubratory, a. charag ki rauslmi 

men tasnif ki hui. 
Luculent, a, saf, raushan, barrsiq, 

yaqin. 
Ludicrous, a. maskhara, gudgudil, 

klianda angez, rangila. 
Ludicrously, ad, maskharapan se. 
Ludification, n. tamaskhur, niazak, 

tanz. 
Luff, V. jahiiz ka munh hawa ki 

taraf pherna. 
Lug, V. ghasitna, khinchna, kan 

pakr ke Una. 
Lug, w. bhari bojh, ek qism ki 

chhoti machhli. 
Luggage, n. chiz-bast, sair ka as- 

bab, gathri, boriya-badhnd. 
Lukewarm, a. shir garm, nim garm, 

gun-gund, kam shauq, gafil, kam 

niguh. 
Lukewarmncss, n. shir garmi, kam 

shauqi. majhiili. 
Lull, V. lori d., suliina, nind lana, 

thapakna, taskin d. 
Lullaby, n, lori, git jis ko ga-kar 

larkon ko sulate haio. 
Lumbago, ». chik, dard-i-kamar, 

dmbat. 

Lumber, n, agarbagar, nakari chiz- 
bast, alae-balae. 
Lumber, r. ekattha-talc-iipar dhar- 

nd, atnd, bhamd. 
Luminary, n. raushni, shama, ma- 

shal, sitdra, sdraj, chand Vagaira. 
Luminous, a. raushan, munawwar, 

ujld. 
Lump, n. tukrd, tiik, para, pdrcha, 

dald, dheld. 
Lump, V. ghdl mel k., miland, jornd. 
Lumping, Lumpish, a. bhdri, mo^d, 

bard, gdodi. 
Lumpishly, ad. bhdripan se, gaodi- 

pan se, bewaqiifi se. 
Lumpy, a. pindoli, tukre-ddr, dhelog 

se bhard hua. 
Lunacy, w. diwdn gi, saudd, shef- 



LUS 



1G5 



MAC 



Isunatedy a. :kdhe chand ka sa, Lila- 

1-sa. 

Liinaticy n. diwana, cliand ka mara^ 
. » • • " 

sin. 

Lunation, n. daiir-i-qamar, sair-i- 

qamar, chandarpher. 
Lunch, Luncheon, n, kaleT> a, nashta, 

tiikrd. 
Lune, ?»• koi shai jo adhc chand ki 

siirat ho. 
Lunette, n. chhota, adha chand, 

mahcha. 
Lungs, w. phephre, shush, riya. 
Lunt, n. tora, falita. 
Lupine, n. turmis, baqillae-misri. 
Lurch, n, kharab halat, halat-i- 

Idchari, lachari. 
Lurch, V. dhoka d., thagna, hila- 

hawala k., har 1., churana. 
Lurcher, ». ghat ya kamin naeliin, 

thag, chotta. 
Lure, n. fareb, lalach. 
Lure, V, phuslana, lalchana, khinch- 

na, ainchna. 
Lurid, a, dhumla, andoligin, udas, 

piU. 
Lurk, V. ghat men baithna, kamin 

men baithna, chhipd rahna. 
Lnrker, n. ghat y4 kamingah men 

baithne wdU, poshida hone-wala, 

chhipanliar. 
Lurkingplace, n, kamingah ghat, 

ghar. 
Luscious, a. mitha, shirin, mazadar, 

khush-zaiqa. 
Lush, a. rasila, rasbhara. 
Lusk, V. sust, majh^l,nakara, neUiq, 

be-waqiif, 
Luskiness, n. susti, kahili. 
Lusorious, Lusory, a, khel men 

-mustamal, aloU, tamasha-amez. 
Lust, n, hawa-o-hdwass, khwahish, 

masti, shahwat. 
Lustful, a. mast, khawahishmand, 

shahwati. 
Lustily, ad. zor sc, dilerana, him- 

mat se. 
Lustiness, n, zor, mazbiiti, shah- 

zori, zorawari. 
Liistrate, v. saf k., pak saf k., gird 

phirke taddruk k, 
Lustration, n.pHksuzi, tasfjya, safiU. 



Lustre, n, niir, chamak, rosliiii, 

jilau, shuhrat, namwari. 
Lustring, n. ek qism ka chikna rcslir 

mi kapra. 
Lustrous, a. niirdar, chamkila, rau- 

shau, jhalakta. 
Lusty, a. taqatwar, qawi, mazbiH 

zorawar, mota. 
Lutarious, a. kichar-dliida, kichar 

se bhara hua, galiz. 
Lute, 71. tambiir, barbot, bin, Ihcs, 

ne ya jorne ke liyc mitti. 
Lute, V. satna-j mitti se jorna. 
Lutulent, a. gadla, kichar-aliida, 

galiz, gaiha. 
Luxate, v, jor ukharna, sarkana, 

talna, faskli k. 
Luxation, w. ukhrao, faskh. 
Luxuriance, w. barhao, ifrat, kasrat, 

ziyadati. 
Luxuriant, a, wafir, bahut, kasir. 
Luxurious, a. aiyasli, shauqin, 

nafs-pardst. 
Luxuriously, ad. shikam-parwari se 

aish-o-ishrat se. 
Luxuriousncss, n. aiyashi, anim- 

talbi, khush-khori. 
Luxury, n. aish, ishrat, shikam-pai- 

wari. 
Lycanthropy, n. ck tarah ki diwan- 

Lydianmood, w. gamawar ya afsos- 
nak rag, hasrat augez git. 

Lye, n. namakdar pani. 

Lymph, n. panchha, pani, ras. 

Lynx, n. chita, palang, ban-bilao. 

Lyre, n. barbat, sarod, bin. 

Lyric, Lyrical, a, rekhta, barbati, 
sarodi. 

Lyrist, w. bin-nawaz, barbat-nawaz. 



M. 



M, Angrczi huruf-i-tahaj ji kd ter- 
wdhn harf, (numbers) hazar, alf. 

Mab, «. pariyon ii malika. 

Macaroni, n. bugra, albcla, chhail- 
chikaniya, ban ka-tirchd. 

Macaronic, a. bugrai, gichpich amez. 

Macaroon, n. ek qism ki roti ya 



MAD 



IGG 



MAG 



Macaw, n. kakatuii. 

Mace, 7L cliob, gurz, *asa, bas-basa; 

jawatri. 
Maceale, n, basbasa-dar-boza. 
Macebearer, w. 'asa-bardar, cbob-dtir 

sonte-bardar. 
Macerate, v. dubla k., torna ya 

dabana, bhigo rakhna. 
Maceration, n. dubla k., bliigo 

rakbna. 
Machinate, v. tadbir k., bandish ya 

tajwiz k. 
Machination, n, fitrat, mansiiba, 

sa^ish ya bandish. 
Machinator, n. sazishi, fitrati, ban- 

dishi^ mansiiba-baz. 
Machinery, n, sanat sazi, j an tar, 

sazi. 
Machinist 9^. kal-saz, ala-saz, kal 

banane wala. 
Macrocosm, n, alam, kainat, jahan. 
Mactation, n, bal ke liye mar dahia, 

bal charhaiic ke liye bandhna. 
Macula, n, dag, dag-dari, dhappii, 

dhabba, chhinta. 
Maculate, v. dag-dalna ya dagi k., 

dagila k. 
Maculation, n. dag, dhabba. 
Mad, a, diwana, saudui ya khabti, 

majniiu, khabti, pagal. 
Mad, Madden, v, diwana k., yii h., 

ashufta k., pagal' ban una. 
Madam, n. bibi sahiba, \diauam 

sahiba. 
Madbrain, Madbrained, a. khalal 

damdg ya shorida sar, tund mizaj. 
Madcap, n. be-taamraul aur tuud- 

mizaj shakhs. 
Madder, n. majitli, chharila. 
Madding, pa. gazab-nak, khashni- 

nak ya diwana. 
Maddingly, ad, gazab naki ya 

gazab se, khashui-naki ya diwana- 

gi se. 
Maddish, a. kisi qadar diwana, 

kuchh kuchh pagal. 
Made, pa, banaya. 

Madefaction, v. gila k., tar k., nam k. 
Mademoiselle, w. an-byahi larki, 

chhokri. 
JIadheaded, a. iund-iniziij ya gazab- 
/idJc, be-taammu}. 



V,. 

it 



Madhouse, n, pagal-khana, samUi- | 

kliana. 
Madman, n, diwiina admi, majuiin 

ya saudiii shakhs. 1/ 

Madness, w. diwanngi, juniin ya 

saudai, josh-khrosh. 
Madrigal, n. git jo ahir ya g^anwar I"' 

log gate haiij. * I,. 

Magazine, w. lashkari ya jjingi ma- r' 

khz an, silah kliana risilla jo nm- 1, 

qarrar waqt men chhapa jata liai. 
Magaziner, n, jo risiila muqarnir 

waqt men cbhapa jata hai uske |^ 

taiyar karne w., madad-giir, mau- 

sannif. [man-mauj. 

Maggot, n, kirm, lahar, kliayal ya 
Maggotty, a. pur kirm, hdiari. 
Magi, n. majus, piirbi mulkon ke 

aqil log. 
Magian, a. muta'alliq-i-majiis se 

nisbat-diir. 
Magic, n, jadii-gari yil ilm-i-silir, 

jadii, sihr ya afsiin. 
Magic, Magical, a. tilismati, afsiiui, 

tilismi. 
Magically, arf. jadu-gaii se, sihr se. 
Magician, n. jadu-gar, afsun-gar, 

sahir, sihr-kiir. 
Magisterial, r. hiikiiu ya sahib ke 

laiq, mutakabbir, magriir. 
Magisterially, ad, takabbur-se ya 

mutakabbiraaa. 
Magisterialness, n. takabbur, kibr, 

hakimana tariq. 
'Magistracy, w. hukiimat yii auiili, 

limil ya auiilon ka guroli. 
Magistrate, a, hakim, 'amil ,fauj-dar, 

maula, shahna. 
Magistratic, a, ba-ikhtiyar, sahib- 

ikhtiyar. 
Magnanimity, n, buland-himmati 

ya 'aJi-liiramati, kushada-dili ya 

sakhawat. 
Magnanimous, a, ali-himmat ya bu- 

land himmat, sakhi. 
]\Iagnaniraously, ad, ali-himmati ya 

buland-himmati se. 
Magnesia, n. ek qism ki jawakluir- 

kc manind, sufcd mitti jo dtiwa 

men parti hai. 

I t\\*Ar, ?(\\5W\-YXX\i^. 



MAI 



107 



MAL 



ic, Magnctical, w. iiiiqiuUisi, 

I 

ically, ad, qiiwwat-i-jiban- 
se, quwwat-i-jaziba se. 
icness, Magneiicalness, n. 
Uisi khasiyat. 

ism, n. iliu-i-miqnatis, quw- 
-jaziba. 

iablc, a, bara kiye jane ke 
, nminkin-us-sarfrazi. 
;c, Magnifical, a. azim ya 

icence, n, azmat, shaiikat, 

tnat, dabdabii. 

icent, V. azim-usb-sban ya 

, raunaqdar. 

cently, ad, rannaq se, jab-o- 

sbaukat, b a slim at ya slum se. 

er, w. bailiane-wala, bara 

B-Tvala, bulaiid kanie-wjila. 

>', V. barbaiia ya bara k., 

id ya sarfniz k. 

Dquence, n, mubalaga-goi, 

mi, befaida bare bare lafzon 

taimal. 

ude, n, kalaiii qaddo-qaraat, 

ar. 

, Magotpie; n. ek kism ki 

a, nil-kantb. 

any, n. ek kisin ki kari 

• 

I. kuari ya an-byabi, dosbiza. 

, n. dosbiza, cliakrani ya 

arni, dukbtari, taba. nay a. 

, V, bijab yd bay a se guft- 

• 

bead, Maidenbood, w. dosbi- 

, bikr, bakarat. 

dike, a. bakirana ya dosbiza- 

lanind. 

ily, a, dosbiza ya bakira ke 

!nd, balini, baya-dar. 

arian, w. ek bbant ka nacb. 

de, a. bimar dosbiza ki ma- 

, zard. 

ervant, n, asil, kaniz, laundi. 

. jausbsn, zirab, baktar, dak- 

laili. 

. zirali-posb k. ya b., baktar 

bana, baitban men lapetna. 

r. langrd k., zakhmi k. 

7. langrdhat, nuqsan. 



Maimed, a, zaklinii, gail, langra, liihi. 

]\Iain, a. auwal, nmqaddam, palda, 
qawi, sbadid, kbas. 

Main, n. niajnnii, kull, sanumdar. 

Mainly, ad, gaiiban, aTvwalan, kliu- 
susan, aksar. 

Maintain, v. iqrar k., taid k., pusbti 
d., pdlna, parwarisb k. 

Maintenance, w. parwarisb, rozi, 
kbunik. 

Majestic, n. sbabi, kbusbrawi, ali, 
sbanand, ziil-jaldl. 

Majesty, n, jalal, bnznrgi, sbikoh, 
dabdaba, .liazrat, jaban panab, 
janab-i-ali. 

Major, a, ala, bara, buzurg, awwal. 

Major, n, ubda-dar, innqaddaui, jo 
Kaptan ke lipar beta bai. 

Make, v, banana, paida k., karna, 
klialq k., karwana, kamana, bdsil 
mnqarrar k. — (amends) niakafat 
k.,padasb d., jazad. — (away with) 
iniir-dalna, qatl k. — (account of) 
liisab k., itibar r., takrim k. — 
(good) sabit k., dalil d., tawan d., 
nnqsan piira k. — (light of) bebiida 
janna, kbafif r. — (known) janna, 
zabir k., masbbiir k. — (much of) 
aziz janna, niubabbatr. — (of) ba- 
nana, samajhna, dai7dftk. — (over) 
sonipnji, liaTvala k., taslim k. — 
(out) daryaft k., asbkai'a k., zahir 
k. — (sure of) yaqin janna, muqar- 
rar. samajbna — ('w/jJ milana, tasfi- 
ya k., tarkib k., jama k., ekatba 
k., tamam k. — (towards) taraf 
cbalna ya jana.- 

Make, n, daul, sbakl, banawat, siirat, 
sakbt, tarkib. 

Maker, n. banane-wald, khdliq, kdr- 
saz, afrinindu. 

Making, n. banao, sdkht, kam. 

Maladministration, n, bad-bukdma- 
ti, bad-am ali. 

Malady, n, marz, bimdri, azar, rog. 

Malapert, a, sbokb, gustdkb, be- 
libaz, dbitb. 

Malaria, n, bukbar, kbardb db-o- 
bawa. 

Mal-content, Mal-contented, a, na- 



MAN 



168 



xMAN 



Malediction, ?i. batl-dua, h'liiat, sa- 

rap. 
Malefaction, n. gnnjUi yd taqsir, 

jurm, khata. 
Malefactor, n. bad-kar, gunah-gar, 

miijrim. 
Malet, n, kliurji, jliola. 
Malevolence, w. bad-kliwabi, bad- 

andeslii, kind, fafirad. 
Malevolent, a. bad-kliwah, bad-an- 

desh, kinawar. 
Malice, ?i. kind, bugz, addwat. 
Malicious, a. addwati, liad-khwdlii, 

khabis. 
Malign, ) a, bad khwdli, bad-an- 
Malignant, j desh, addwati, kina- 
war, bad-bakht, ndmasaid, man- 

liiis. 
Mall, n, mekh-cliiii logon ke lijo 

pliirne yd talialne ki jagali. 
Malleate, v. mekhcliii, yd mongri se 

tbonkna. 
Mallet, ?i. niogri, meklicliii. hathori. 
Malt, n. jau jo boza bandnc ke liye 

taiydr karte liain. 



Mane, ??. yal, aydl, cliouti. 
Man-eater, n. niarduni-kbor. 
Manful, a, niarddnd, diler. 
Mange, n. klidrisbt, kbujli. 
Manger, n. tban, kliuli, cham, 

mdluf. 
Mangle, v. plidnid, cliirna, purze- 

purze k. 
Mango, n. dm, anibd. 
Manhood, n. jawdni, sliabdb, manli, 

marddngi, jawdn-mardi. 
Maniac, Maniacal, n. diwdna, maj- 

niin. 
Manifest, a. zdliir, wdzih, dshkdra, 

luiwaidd. 
Manifest, v. dikhlana, zdhir k., bat- 

Idnd. * [rill. 

Manifestation, n. izlidr, iauzili, tas- 
Manifestly, ad, zaliiran, sdf sdf, b'e- 

sliakk. 
Manifesto, n, izlidmanid, silrat-i-lidl, 

ishtihdr. 
Manifold, a, balmtsd, giindgiiu, aq- 

sam. 
Manikin, n, niardak, bduna. 



Mal-treat, v. bad-suliiki k., satdnd, ' Mankind, n. insdn, basilar, bani- 

mdrpit k. , ddani. 

Malversation, n, bad-amali, rislivat- | Manliness, ?i. marddngi, jawdn- 



khori, hila-hawdla. 

Mamma, to. mdmd, ammd, ma. 

Mamer, v. pas-o-pesli k., hais-bais k. 

Mammillary, a. than kd, cluinclii kd. 

Mammon, a. daulat, mal, dhan. 

Man, TO. ddmi, mard, insdn, ddam- 
zdd, shaklis. 

Manacle, to. liatli-kari, dast-band. 

Manacle, v, hath-kari d., dast- 
band k. 

Manage, to. ihtimdm, band-o-bast, 
tarbiyat, drdstagi, intizam. 

Manage, r. clialdndi karnd, sarbard- 
hi k., karguzdri k., tadbir k., inti- 
zam k. 

Manageable, a. klmsh-lagdm, bakar, 
shaista, sazdwar. 

Management, n. sarbarabi, kdrgu- 
zari, tadbir. 

Manager, to. sarbardbkdr, kdi^uzar, 
peslikar, dmil, muntizim. 

Mandate, w. hukm, amr, farman. 
3fandatory, a. bnkmi, farmdni. 



mardi. 
Manly, a. marddnd, mai'dum-aisa. 
Manner, w. tarab, taur, tariqd, wa- 

zd, daul, dastur, qaidu, qism. 
Mannerly, to. khusli-akhldq, klialiq, 

muaddab, muliabbab. 
Manners, to. dddb, aklildq, waza, 

clidl, khaslat, ralirit. 
Manoeuvre, to. tadbir, hikmat, fitrat. 
Manor, to. zamin-ddri, taalluqa, taal- 

luqadar, zamindar. 
Manse, Mansion, to. liaweli, makan, 

klidnd, mahal. ■ 
Manslaughter, to. mardum-kushi, 

qatl. 
Man slayer, to. mitrdum-kush, qdtil. 
Mantle, to. labddd, bdld-posh, pattii. 
Manual, a. dasti, hdth-ka band htii. 
Manual, to. chhoti kitdb, Rhulasa. 
Manufacture, to. dastkari, karigari, 

kdr-o-bar, sanaat, sodagari. 
Manufacturer, to. dastkar, karigar. 



Mandrake, n, lakhman&, lakhmani. \ gari, Oia^^^taxV. 



MAR 



169 



MAT 



Manure, n, pdns, khdd, khat. 
Manure, v. pdnsnd, kliat d4lnd, sdr- 

nd. 
Manuscript, n, dast-kliatt, dastni- 

washta, qalami-kitdb. 
Many, n, bahut, bahuterd, bisyar, 

kasir, aksar. 
Many-coloured, a, rang-d-rang, giin- 

d-giin, bii-qalmiin. 
Many-times, n, bdrlia, bdrbar, dafa- 

tan, dafa-ba-dafa. 
Map, n. naqsha-i-zamin, naqsha. 
Map, V. naqsha bandna yd khinclind. 
Mar, V* bigdrnd, klialal k., nuqsdn 

k., kdtna. 
Marauder, n, ganim, gdratgar. 
Marble, n. sang-i-marmar, goli, anta. 
Marble, v» giina-giin k., bii-qalamiin . 

yd abri k. 
March, n. kiich, raftdr, safar, sdl-kd 

tisrd mahind. 
March, v. kiich k., khiram k., cha- 

Idnd, mutasil k. 
Marcid, a, dubld, ddngar, murjhdyd- 

hiid. 
Mare, n. ghori, madiydn, soqan. 
Margin, n. hashiya, kindra, lab. 
Marginal, a. kindri, hdshiye-men 

mundaraj. 
Marigold, n. gendd, gende kd phiil. 
Marine, a. bahri, darydi. 
Marine, n. jahdzi sipdJii. 
Mariner, n, malldh, khalldsi, ahl-i- 

jahdz. 
Maritime, a. bahri, darydi, lab-i- 

samundar. 
Mark, n. nishan, ddg, aldmat, raqm, 

daldlat, nishdnd, hadaf. 
Mark, v. nishdn k., ddg d., nazar k., 

gaur k. 
Marked, a. nishdn-ddr, ddghi. 
Market, n, chauk, bazdr, hdt, penth. 
Marketable, a. farokhtani, bdzdri, 

chalni. [din. 

Market-day, n, roz-i-bdzar, penth kd 
Marksman, n. nishdnd-and dz, shast- 

anddz. 
Marriage, n. biydh, nikdh, shddi. 
Marriageable, a. biydhne jog, qdbil- 

i-nikdh, bdlig. 
Married^ a, hiyahsL, mankiibd, nikdlii. 



Marrow, n, gMd, magz-i-ustakhwdn. \ ia\\ta\ ^oVOoX,'^, 



Marry, v. bydhnd, nikdb k., shddi k. 
Mars, n, mirrikh, jalldd-i-falak. 
Marsh, n. daldal, dhasao, dhasen, 

kichar. 
Marshal, w. sipah-sdldr, rdh-bar, 

ihtimamchi, harkdrd. 
Marshal, v. tartib d., murattab k., 

saf-drdi k., drdstd k. 
Marshy, a. serdb, tar, martiib, sila. 
Mart, n. ganj, bandar, hdt, bazdr. 
Martial, a. lashkari, jangi, sipdhi- 

dna. 
Martingal, Martingale, n. zer-band, 
. pesh-band. 

Mai'tyr, n. shahid, shahid. 
Martyrdom, n. shahddat. 
Marvel, V. taajj lib k., mutaajjib h., 

hairan h. 
Marvellous, a. ajib, ajib-o-garib. 

achambd. [diler. 

Masculine, a. muzakkax*, marddnd. 
Mash, n. sdni, maheld, ardawd. 
Mask, n, burqd, bhes, chihrd, hild, 

bahdnd. 
Mask, V. burqd lagdnd, chhipdnd, 

poshidd k. 
Mason, n. rdj. miamdr, sang-trdsh. 
Mass, n, pindd, dald, dali, jamdo, 

ambdr. [rezi. 

Massacre, w. muqdtalat,haldk, khiin- 
Massive, Massy, a. bard, kaldn, 

azim, motd, bhdri, saqil. 
Mast, n, mastul, tir, ek qism kd 

phal. 
Masted, a. mastiil-dar. 
Master, n, mdlik, sdhib, khdwind, 

wdli, ustdd, muallim, dzmiiddkdr, 

ndkhudd. 
Master, v. magliib k., zerdast k., 

sikhnd, hdsil k. 
Masterly, a. ustddi, ustdddna, wd- 

qif, kdmil. 
Mastery, n, hukiimat, bddshdhat, ^ 

ustddi. 
Masticate, t;. chabnd, chabdnd. 
Mastication, w. chabwai, chabdi. 
Mastiff, n. pahdri kuttd. 
Mat, n. boriyd, chatdi, patti. 
Match, n, muqdbald, kushti, bdzi, 

shart; jord, j^uft^ baxifc^x^\i'?iax:ks^"«s.\ 



V 



MA IT 



170 



MEA 



Match, 1-. barabar h. ya k., miiwa- 

fiq h. ya "k., muqabila k., biyahna. 
Matchless, a. anokha, lasani, be- 

nazir. 
Mate, w. s4tlu, jora, juft, rafiq, 

zauju, luut, shah mat. 
Material, a. jismi, mujassam, mad- 

di, zariiri, zati. 
Material, n. asbab, samun, saran- 

jam, lawiizima. 
Materially, ad. zardratau, hizimuna, 

bahut, nihayat. 
Maternal, a. raadari, muta'alliq- 

i-madar. 
Materia Medica, n. dawa-darii, da- 

wai, ajiias. 
Mathematician, n. muhandis, riyazi- 

dan, hisab-dan. 
Mathematics, n. ilm-i-riyazi, han- 

dasM. 
Ma thesis, n. riyazi ka ilm, ilm. 
Matin, a. sahari, subha ka. 
Matins, n. sahari ibadat, namdz-i- 

subha. 
Matrice, Matrix, n. sancha, qalib, 

rahim, bachchadun. 
Matricide, w. madarkhushi, madar- 

khush, manmar. 
Matriculate, v, Inglistdn ke madras e 

men bharti k. 
Matriculation, n. madrasc men bhar- 
ti k., madrase ke fariq men da- 

khil h. ya k. 
Matrimonial, a. nikahi, biyah se 

muttaliq. 
Matrimony, n. nikah, biy4h. 
Matron, n. mama, bibi. 
Matter, n. madda, jism, jauhar, pib, 

mazmiin, zarar. 
Mattock, n. kudali, phawri, kar-bar, 

taklif. [na. 

Mattress, n. toshnk, sozani, bichhau- 
Maturativc, a, pakaii, munzij, paka- 

newala. 
Mature, a. pakka, puklita, rasida, 

kamil, pura. 
Maturely, ad. ba-pukhtagi, taam- 

mul-se, soch ke, mudabbirana. . 
Maturity, n. pukhtagi, pakai,, rasi- 

dagi, takmil. 
Maudlin, a. matwuU, sarshar, be- 
I20SI2, 



Manger, Jilangre, ad, barkhilaf, ba- 

wajiidi-ki, harchand-ki, tispar. 
Maul, n. mogri, mekhchti. 
Maul, V. dhunna, pitna, kiitpft k. 
Maund, n. daliyd, tokari ; cbdlis ser. 
Mausoleum, n. rauza, maqbara. 
MaWp n. mi'da, nii'a, pota, jhojh, 

sandana. 
Mawkish, a. mulaemat, nagawdr, 

bad-maza. 
Maw-worm, n, pet ka kechtiA, kiim- 

i-shikani. [toalliq. 

Maxillary, a. jabre ki haddi se mu- 
Maxim, n. maqiUa, masla, qdntin, 

qaida, kahawat. 
Maximum, n. sab-se ziyada, ginti 

ya bari miqdar. 
May, n. baras ka panchwan mahina. 
May, V. ijazat pana, sakna, ho-sakna. 

taqat mand h. 
Mayor, n. shahr ka bara hakim. 
Mayoralty^ w. bare hakim ka uhdd. 
Mayoress, ?i. hare hakim ki joni. 
Maypole, n, ek chob jise May mahi- 

ne men khara kar-ke us-ke gird 

nachte hain. 
Maze, V, hairan k., pareshan L, 

bhatkdna. 
Maze. n. uljhao, pareshani, shak, 

pech pach, wdsta. 
Mazy, a. pechida, pareshan, uljhad, 

liairan. 
Mead, n. shahd-Aba, madh-nir, pani 

aur shahd, maidan, sabza-zar. 
Meadow, n. margzar, tarai, chari- 

gdh. 
Meagre, a. dubla, haqir, lagar, na- 

hif kangal. 
Meagreness, n. dubiapa, patUi, kan- 

gdl pana, lagari. 
Meal, n, ata, besan. sattii, pis^, 

khana, khiirak. nashta. 
Meal, r. mil^na. sanna. 
Mealiness, n. bhurbhurapan, ddnd- 

dari, mulaimat. 
Mealy, a. bhurbhura. danadar. 
Mealy-mouthed, a. shirin zabbdn, 

munh-chora, riyakhr. 
Mean, a, kamina, puji, nich, muta- 

wassit, majhla. 



MED 



J 71 



MEL 



Mean, v. irada k., murad r., cli^hna. 
Meander, n. ghumao, chakkar, pecli- 

rawi, uljh^. 
Meaning, n. irada, maqsad, mani, 

arth, murad. 
Meanly, ad, pajipan se, kaminiwar, 

subuki se, faqirana. 
Meanness, n. pajipan, kaminagi, 

hiqarat, zillat. 
Means, n, wasila, ma'rifat, asra, 

lawdzimdt. 
Meant, n. mafhiim. maqsiid, fakmida. 
Measles, n, garmidana, pansd. 
Measurable, a. qabil-i-paimdish, n.-ip- 

nejog, paimaish pazir. 
Measure, v. niupn^, napna, paima- 
ish k. 
Measure, n. paimaish, nap, map, 

paimtid, andaza. 
Measureless, a. be-paimaish, be- 

qajas, be-hadd, be-hisab. 
Measurement, n. paimaish, masahat. 

jokh, jarib. 
Measurer, n. mapne-wula, napaha. 

jarib-kash, rasanddr. 
Measures, n, mansiibd, daul, wasila, 

tajwiz. 
Meat, n. khana, gost, j^horgk. 
Meathe, n. sharbat, sliurb. 
Mechanic, «. karigar, ahl-i-pesha, 

peshawar. 
Mechanic, Mechanical, a, kal ke 

muta'alliq, kalbali, hathauti; kal- 

dar, 'amali. 
Mechanician, n. j ar-i-saqildan, kal 

wagaira banane ke ilm ya fann 

men mahir. 
Mechanics, n. ilm-i-jar-i-snqil. 
Mechanism, n. tarkib, banawat, kal 

ki saklit. 
Meconium, n, post dane ki jiis yd 

dtidh. 
Medal, n. sikkd, tagma. 
Medallion, n. ek bara sikka ya uski 

siirat. [shinds. 

Medallist, n. tagma-dan, sikka- 
Meddle, v. dakhal k., madakhalat k., 

hath lagdnd, bolnd-chdlnd. 
Meddler, n. hardegi-chamchd, dakhil, 

dastandazi k. w. 
Mediate, r. bich bichao k., miyan^i- 

S^ari ky roTi sliarr k. 



Mediate, a. mutawassit. hail ya tari. 
Mediation, n, bich bichao, wisatat, 

tawassut. 
Mediator, n, miyanji, darmiyani, 

shafi. 
Mediatorsliip, n. miyanji-gari, dar- 
miyani ka uhda. 
Mediatrix, n. darmiydni aurat, mi- 
yanji aurat, sdlisa. 
Medicable, a. ilaj-pazir, sehat pazir^ 

siidharne jog. 
Medical, Medicinal, a. tibb ka, sliafi, 

tabibi. 
Medically, Medincinally, ad, tibb 

ke rii se, aziiie tibb. 
Medicament, n. zamad, lep, marham, 

dawa. 
Medicate, v, dawaddr k. 
Medicine, n. ilaj, dawa, darii. 
Mediocre, a. mutawassit, manjliola. 
Mediocrity, n, ausat, itidal, miydnagi. 
Meditate, r. ganthna, soclind, man- 
siibd k., gaur k., fikr k. 
Meditation, w. fikr, anaeslia, soch, 

tadbir, l^hiydl. 
Meditative, a. muta'ammil, mut- 

fakkir, dhydni, soclii. 
Mediterranean, Mcditerraneous, a. 

khushki ke bich men, samundar 

se diir. 
Medium, n. ausat, bich, darmiyan, 

itiddl, wasat. 
Medley, n. khalt, ghdlmel, gabar- 

ganja, har qism ki mili htii cliiz 

kd pindd. 
Meed, n. ajr, sila, jaza, tub fa. 
Meek, a. halim, muldim, bhola,. 

narm, garib, salim. 
Meekness, w. bholdpan, hilm, narmi,. 

muldim at. [wdr. 

Meet, a. Idiq, wdjib, munasib, sazd- 
Meet, V. muqdbil h., muldqdt k., 

chdrchashm h., milnd, bdham h. 
Meeting, w. jamdat, majlis. 
Meetness, n. mutdbaqat, mundsibat,. 

shdistagi, milna. 
Melancholy, n. malikhiiliyd, maldlat, 

saudd, dilgiri, ranj-o-alam. 
Melanclioly, a. dilgir, maliil, hazin,. 

sauddi, udds. 



MEN 



172 



MES 



Mellifluence, n. shakkar rezi, shirin 

zabani. 
Mellifluous^ a. shakarrez, shakarlab, 

shirinzaban. 
Mellow, a. pakka, pukhta, narin, 

pilpila, khushnuma. 
Melodious, a. khush-aliang, alhan, 

nawa, pursoz, narm. 
Melody, n. ras, abang, ilhan, tarana, 

nagma, kbush-nuniHi. 
Melon, n. pbiit, kbarbiiza^ tarbuz. 
Melt, V. galna, galand, gbulana, 

pigbalna, pigblana, gudaz h. ya k. 
Melter, n. galane-wala, pigbalwaiya, 

gudazanda* 
Melting, a. dil-gudaz, dard-angez. 
Member, n. azii ; juz, fasl ; aharik, 

hissadar, sabib-i-majlis, majlisL 
Membrane, n. parda, jhilli, cbaddar. 
Memento, w. ishara, kinaya, ima, 

yddgar. 
Memoir, n. tazkira, sargnzasht, 

tawarikh. [zikr. 

Memorable, a. laiq-i-yad, wajib uz- 
Memoranduin, n. yad-dasbt, yad- 

gari ; safina, bayaz. 
Memorial, w. yddgar ; arzdasht, arzi, 

darkbwast. 
Memory, n, yad, hifz, baflza, zikr. 
Menace, n. dhamki, ghurki, tabdid, 

cbasbm-numai. 
Menace, v. dantna, dbamkand, dab- 

kana, talidid k. 
Mend, v. marammat k., sanwama, 

sndharna, bibtar k. ya h., taraq- 

qi k. 
Mendacity, n. jbiith, daroggdi, kizb. 
Mendacious, a. jbiitb6, kazib. 
Mendicant, n. faqir, gada. bhikari. 
MeQial, n, naukar, cbakar ; naukri- 

pesba. 
Mensal, a. dastar kba-ni, mez ke 

muta'iilliq. 
Menstrual, a. haizi, haiz dar. 
MenBtmum, n. galane wala, galan, 

muballil. 
Mensuration, n. paimaisb, masabat, 

jarib-kasbi. 
Mental, a. dili, qalbi, kbatiri, man- 

siiba, zamiri, aqli. 
Mention, n, zikr, tuzkira, mazkdr, 
eh arch a. 



Mention, v. zikr k., kahna, nam leni, 

cbarcba k. 
Mepbitic, a. gnnda, ziyan kar, zabtio. 
Mercantile, a. tijarati, saud4gari kti 

baz^ri. 
Mercenary, a. zar-ushna, kbud garz, 

mnzdiir, zar-parast, rozgari. 
Mercer, n. abresbmina farosb, harir 

farosb. 
Mercbandise, n. m41, jins, qimiash ; 

saudagari, tijarat. 
Mercbant, n. sandagar, tajir, bazur- 

gan, baipari. 
Mercbantuian, n. saudagari-ka jab^z. 
Merciful, a. rabim, rabmdil, ttarmdil, 

sb af iq. 
Merciless, a. be-rabm, be-sbafaqat, 

be-dard, sang-dil. 
Mercurial, a. simabi, pare-ka ; cban- 

cbal, d^wa-dar, chalak. 
Mercury, n. simab, pdra, utarid, 

dabir falak, budh. 
Mercy, w. rabm, rabmat, marbamat, 

sbafaqat, day a. 
Mere, a. sirf, nird, m^bz, faqat, 

kbali, kora. 
Mere, n, badd, intiba, sarbadd. 
Merely, ad, faqat, sirf, mabz. 
Meretricious, a. kasbi-sifat, kasbiana, 

lipari dikbdw se mob-lene wdla. 
Merge, v. dubona ya dubana, garq k. 
Meridian, n. kbatt-i-nisfun-nibar, do- 

pabar, kamil, auruj, ouj. 
Merit, n, qadr-sazawari, liyukat, 

wasf, kbiibi. 
Merit, r. sazaw^r b., laiq h., musta- 

baqq b., w6jib h., mustanjib h. 
Meritorious, a. wajib-ul-ajr, musta- 

baqq-i-inayat, sazawar. 
Mermaid, n. bint-ul-babr, ek qiyasi 

janwar jiske npar k4 bissa aurat 

ke maniud bota bai aur niche ka 

macbbli ke m4nind. 
Messieurs, n. sabiban, sbnrafa. 
Merrily, ad. kbusbi-se, sbddana. 
Merriment, n. kbusbi, sbadi, kliur- 

rami tarab. 
Merry, a. khusb, sbad, sbadmdn. 
Mesh, n. kbdna, jbanjbri, jal-k^ 

surakh. 
Mese, u. tbaivi, \A\sl\ Itamtami, sbi- 



MET 



173 



MET 



^ess, v. eksdth khana, milkar khana. 
iiessage, n. payam, paigam^ kbabar. 
VIessenger, n. qasid, paigdmbar, 

harkara. [Isa. 

AiesBiah, n. Masib, Masiba, bazrat 
Messmate, n. bamsufra, bamkasa, 

bam-tabaq. [1^^* 

ICessuage, n. makan, baweli, ta'al- 
Metal, n. filizz, madani, dbat. 
Metallic, a, filizzi, madaniyab, dbat 

ka. 

Metalliferous, a. filizz-kbez, fiUizz- 

awar. 
Metalline, a. dbat ka, filizz-sifat,* 

fiUizzi. 
Metallist, n. dbat ka kam k. w., 

filizzi karigar. 
Metallurgy, n. simiya, dbat ka kam, 

filizz saf kame ka fann. 
Hetalman, n, dbat ka kam k. w., 

filizzi kdngar. 
Sletaleptically, ad. taqlib sa, jagah 

ki tabdil se. 
Sletamorpbose, v. mutabaddal k., 

badal dalna, sbakl ya siirat badal- 

na. 
Bletamorpboser, n. sbakl ya sdrnt 

badalne w., surat mutabaddal 

kame-wala. 
Rietamorpbosis, n. tabdil-i-siirat, 

tabdil-i-sbak. 
M!etapbor, n. istiara, kinaya, tasb- 

bihy majiz, 
Bletapborical, a. tamsili, musta'ar 

ya rangin, majazi. 
B^etapborically, ad, majazan isti'- 

^atan. 
Metapliorist, n. istiara-saz, majAz- 

kunauda. 
Metapbrase, w. tabt-i-lafzi, lafzi 

tarjnma. 
Sietapbrast, v, tabt-i-afzi karne- 

Wbla, lafzi tarjuma-nawis, lafzi 

mutarajim. 
Metapbrastic, a. muta'alliq-i-tabt-i- 

lafzi. 
Metapbysics, n. iUbiyat, ilm-i-ma 

b^d-ut-tabi*i. 
Metapbysic, Metapbysical, a. iUbi- 

yati ya muta'alliq-i-ilm-i-ma-bad- 

ut tabi'i, ilabijat ya ilm-i-m^-bad- 

ot tabj'j keni se. 



Metapbysically, ad. ilabiyati tatrr 

se, ilm-i-mabad-ut-tabi'i ke tariq 

se. 
Metapbysiciau, n. ilabiyat dan, abl- 

i-ilm-i-mabadut- tabi'i. 
Metastasis, n. intiqal, tagaiyur. 
Metatarsus, n. pair ka bicb, panw 

ka manjb. 
Metatarsal, a. pair ke bicb ka, panw 

ke munjh ka. 
Metatbesis, n. taqlib-i-burtif, taqlib- 

bije, buruf ya bije ki tabdil ya 

adal-badal. 
Mete, V. mapna, napna. 
Meter, n. mapne w., napne w., ma^ua, 

napua. 
Metempsycbosis, n. tanasukb. 
Meteor, n. sbabab, tara jo rosbni 

babut deta bae, ya dumdar sitdra. 
Meteoric, a. sbibabi, muta'alliq-i- 

sbibab. [su'iid k. 

Meteorize, v. bukbar ki s^rat men 
Meteorology, n, sbiba bi ilm, ilm-i- 

sbibab, ilm-i-asman, ilm-i-kura-i- 

bawa. 
Meteorological, a, sbibabi, muta- 

alliq-i-sbibab. 
Meteorologist, n. sbihab sbinas, 

ilm-i-sbibab-dan. 
Meterous, a. sbibab-sifat, sbibab- 

kbassiyat. 
Metbinks, r. main socbta btin muj- 

be siijbta bai, mujbe jan parta 

bai ya mujb ko lagta bai. 
Metbod, n. tartib. qaida, saliqa^ 

waza ya tariq, tarab ya taur. 
Metbodic, Metbodical, a.' ba-q^ida 

arasta, murattabba -tartib ya 

arasta, muntazam. 
Metbodically, ad, tartib, tartib se. 
Metbodize, r. murattab k., b4-tartib 

k., sudb^nd. sajan^, snnwama. 
Metonymy, a. ilm-i-kalam ka ek 

qaida j& mubaward jis ke ni sre 

ek lafz ke dwaz ya badal men diis- 

re lafz ko likbte bain. 
Metoposcopy, n. ilm-i-qiyafa ka 

mutalaa mulala-a-ilmi qiyafa. 
Metre, n. mizan, wazn ya nazm, 

qdfiya. babr. 



MIC 



174 



MID 



Metrician, Metrist, n. na^i, nazim 
shuir, nazm men likbne ^. 

Metropolis, w. takht-gah, dar us- 
saltanat, pae-takht. dar-ul-mulk, 
dar-ul-kliilafat, dar-ul-hukiimat. 

Metropolitan, a, dar-us-saltanat ke 
muta'alliq, dar-ul-khilafati. 

Metropolite, n, mujtahidon ka sar- 
dar. 

Metropolitic, Metropolitical, a. dar- 
us-saltanat se niflbat dar, dar-ul- 
khilafati ya paetakht ke muta'- 
alliq, mujtahidon ke sardar ka 
ikhtiyar zahir k. w. 

Mettle, n. jan-bazi yahimmat, dile- 
ri, shujaat, tundi. 

Mettle, a. diler, jawan mard, jan- 
baz. jan-dar, tan-tan e-dar, sar- 
garm. 

Mettlesome, a. jan-baz jan-dar ya 
diler, zinda-dil, chalak, chust, 

MeW; «. qafas, ihata, pinjra, char 
diwarf. 

Mew, V. menii menii k., raenw- 
menw k., parjharna, kuriz k. 

Mewing, n. kuriz k. 

Mewl, V. ihaiin ihaiin k., larke ya 
balak s4 bona. 

Miasm, Miasma, n. muzirr, bukbdr, 
•biikhar jo gandi ya sari cbizon se 
ajata hai. 

Mica, a. abraq, talq. 

Micaceous, a. abraq sifat, talq khas- 
siqat. 

Mice, pZ. chiibe, chuhiyan. 

Miche. V. churana miisna, chhipkar 
dara-rahna. dabaknu, lukna. 

Micher, n. chor yu chotta. tal matol 
karne-wala, makkhian marne w. 

Michery, n, chori, thagai. 

Mickle. a. bahut, bara. 

Microcosm w. alam-i-asgar ya alam- 
i-sugra, insan. 

Microcosraical, a. alam-i-asgari, 
muta'alliq-i-alam-i-sugra, insani, 
insan, ke muta'alliq. 

Micrography, n, bayan-i'-ashya-i- 
khurd. 

• 

Microscope, n. shisha-i-kalan bin, 
khurd bin. ek ala jis se chhoti 
chiz bori raaliim ho kar saf dekh- 
pnrti hai. 



Microscopic, Microscopical, a. 

muta'alliq-i-shisha-i-kalan-bin, ji 

shishi-i-kalan-bin mansiib, nik4- 

yat chhota. 
Mid, a. nim ya donon taraf se baii- 

bar-diir, hail, tari ya mutawaaat. 
Mid-age, «. ddbi umr, jawani. 
Midcourse, n. nim rah, adh bidb^ 

adhi diir. 
Midday, n, zuhr, nim-roz, do-pahar. 
Middle, a. nim, ausat ya donon 

taraf-se-barabar-diir, mutawassit 

ya darmiydni, hail ya tdri, darmi- 

yan. 
Middle-aged, a. adher, nim -sal. 
Middle-earth, n. dunya jahdn. 
Middle-ground, w. taswir ka bicb 

ka hissa. 
Middling, a. mutawassit, ausaly 

wasati y£ bainbain, miyana. 
Middlemost, Midmost, a, darmiyini, 

ausati ya mutawassit, bichc^ 

bicb, yd bich-o-bich. 
Middle-witted, a. miyani-istad^d, 

yd-liydqat. 
Midheaven, n. asman ka darmiydn 

ya bicb. 
Midland, a. daryd se ddr, andariini. 
Midleg, w. tang yd angri ka bich. 
Midlent^ n. Isdion ke chillc ki 

bich. 
Midnight, n, nim-shab, adhi-rat. 
Midsea, w. darmiyani bahr, balir- 

Riim. 
Midshipman, n, ek jahazi uhda-dar, 

jahaz kd ek uhdaddr, jahdzi kdm 

sikbne w. 
Midst, n. darmiyan, ausat, nim yi 

nisf. 
Midstream, n. nadi ka bich, manjh- 

dhdr. 
Midsummer, n. wdsat-us-saif, dhiip- 

kdle ke bich, rds-us-sartan. 
Midway, n. adhi-rdh, nim-rah, ddh- 

bich, ddhidiir. 
Midriff, n. parda-i-shikam jo chhati 

aur peril ke bich men hai. 
Midwife, n. dai, jandne wdli. qabild. 
Midwifery, n. ilm-i-taulid, dai-gan* 
Midvsdnter, n. wasat-ush-shita, jare 

kd bich. 



MIL 



175 



MIM 



Mien, n. manzar, qiyafa, siirat ya 

ch^ra, wazza, chal y^ dhab. 
Miff, n. kina ya khafagi, na khushi, 

bezari. 
Might, n. qnwwat, maqdiir, zor. 
Mighlr^, a. mazbiit, qawi, tawilna, 

q4dir, ill. 
Mightiness, n. zor dwarf, tdqat ya 

qadrat, buzurgi, shan ya sliaraf. 
Migrate, v, naql-i-watn k. ya ek 

mulk ko chhorkar diisre mulk 

men jd-rahna, tabdil-i-makan k. 

ya makun badalnd. 
Migration, n. naql-i-watn ya tab- 

' dil-i-makan, naql-i-makan, kiicli, 

iutiqal. 
Migratory, a. watan ko chhor kar 

diisre mnlk, men ja basne wala 

ya makan ko tabdil karne waU, 

saiyar, aw^a, ghumantd ya pLi- 

ranta. 
Milch, a. dudhar. dudhail. 
Mild, a. mihrban, narm mulaim, 

salim, shirin. 
Mildly, ad, mihrbani ya shafaqat se, 

narmi se mulayamat se, bilm se. 
Mildness, n. shafaqat, narm-dili, 

narmi, hilm, dhistagi, mulayamat, 

shirini. 
Mildew, n. genii, horda> arqdn. 
Mile, n. mil, adhd-kos. 
Milestone, n. mil ya adh kos ka 

nishan dar patthar. 
Militant, a. muharib, sipalii pesha, 

jang-awar. 
Militancy, n. jang-awari. 
Military, a. jangi sipahi-pesha, jar- 

rdr, lashkari. 
Militate, v, mukhalafat k., mukhalif 

h./dushmani k. 
Militia, w. sipah-bandi, Romi-fauj. 
Milk, n. shir, diidh. 
Milken, a. diidh ka shira. 
Milker, n. dohne w.. duhar. 
Milkiness, w. diidhyai, narmi ya 

mulayamat. 
Milklivered, a. buz-dil ya na-mard, 

darpokna. 
Milkmaid, n. gwalin, ahiri, diidh- 

wali. 
Milkpai], v. dolini, duhni. 
MUkpoD, fi, dddh ki hanri. 



Milk score, n. jo diidh bika ho uska 

hisab. 
Milksop, n, nazuk, zanana shakhs, 

buz-dil shakhs, na-mard. 
Milkwhite, a. didh sa saf^d, diidh 

ke rang kd. 
Milkwoman, n. dtidh-wali, diidh 

bechne-wali, gwalin, ahfran, ahi- 
ri, ahirni. 
Milky, a. shiri, dudh sa, mulaim ya 

narm. [ga. . 

Milky way, n. kahkashan. akds-gan- 
Mill, n. chakki, chak, asyan. 
Milcog, n. danddn-i-asiyd, danti, 

dant. 
Milldam, n. ek-bandh jis se chakki 

chalane ke liye pani batoia jatd 

hai. 
Miller, n. pisan-hard, pisan-hari. 
Millhorse, n. chakki kd ghord, kolhii 

ka ghord. 
Millstone, n, chakki kd pdt, sang-i- 

asiyan. 
Millenary, n. hazar sal kd zamdnd^ 

hazar bards. 
Millenarian, w. wuh isaf jiskd yih 

qaul hai ki hazrat Isa zamin par 

phir a-rkar hazdr baras tak salta- 

nat karenge. 
Millennium, n. hdzdr baras, hazdr 

baras kd zamdna. 
Milleped, n. hazdr-pd, kankhijiird. 
Millesimal, r. hazdrwdn. 
Millet, n. bdjrd, manrwd, makkd, 

jwdr ya joar, kodai. 
Milliner, n. bibiyon ki topf band- 

kar bechne w. 
Million, n. das lakh. 
Millioned, a. das-ldkh gund. 
Millionth, a. das-ldkhwdii. 
Milt, n. tili, barwat, tdptili. 
Mime, n. bhdnr, nat yd bahnipiyd, 

natak, sawdng. 
Mimetical, a. mutatabbi, naql. 
I\limic, n. bhand, naqqal, muqallid, 

niaskhard, hazzal. 
Mimical, a. naqil, naqqdl, sawdngf, 

naqU, bahriipiyd. 
Mimically, ad, naqli taur se, naqlke 

tariq se, sawdng se. naqqdli se. 



MIN 



176 



MIN 



Mimographer, n, naql-navis, natak 

likbne w. 
Mimacious, a. pur-tahdid, dhamki 

se bhard Imd. 
Minatory, a. tahdid-kunanda, dham, 

kane w., talidid-amez. 
Minatorily, ad. tahdid se, dhamki 

se, jhirk yd jhirki se. 
Minaret, n, manar, manara, minar. 
Mince, v, qima, kofta ya para pdra 

k., tardshna thumakna. 
Mincingly, ad, pdra para, purze- 

purze, nakhre-bazi. 
Mind, n. zamir, dil, qalb, yd kbdtir, 

zlhii, fabm yd aql. 
Minded, a. mdil, kbwdb yd rdgib, 

muassar. 
Mindedness, n, mail, kbwdbish, rag- 
bat. 
Mindful, a. mutawajjub, kbabar- 

ddr, bosbydr. 
Mindfulness, n. iltifdt, tawajjub, 

libdz, muldbaza. 
Mindless, a. gdfil, be libdz yd be- 

khabar, be-wnqiif. 
Minds tricken, a. muassar. 
Mine, pr. merd, apnd. 
Mine, n. kdn, mddan, naqb. 
Mine, v, kdn kbodnd, naqb mdrnd, 

gird d. 
Miner, n, kdn-kan, naqqdb, naqb- 

zan, sm'an lagdne wdid. 
Miny, a. muta'alliq-i-kdn, mansiib- 

naqb. 
Mineral, n. mddani sbai, kdni sbai, 

dhdt. 
Mineralist, n. kdni sbai, jdnne wdld, 

kimiyd-gar. 
Mineralogy, n. ilm-i.mddan, ilm-i- 

mddaniyat, rasdyan-bidyd. 
Mineralogical, a. muta'alUq-i-ilm-i- 

mddan, ilm-i-mddani, ilm-i-mdda- 

niyat se, mansiib. 
Mineralogist, w. ilm-i-mddan-ddn, 

sdbib-ilm-i-mddan. 
Mingle, v. makbliit k., khalt k., 

dmekbta k. yd b., tarkib k,, mu- 

rakkab k. 
Mingle, ?». kbalt, dmezisb, tarkib. 
Mingler, n. milane w. 
Minglemangle. n. Ichalt, ghil-mel. 
Miaiard^ a, naznk, nafis, muldyam. 



Miniardize, v. narm k. 

Miniate, r. sbanjarf yd shangarf se 

taswir kbincbnd, sbanjarf se saQg- 

na. 
Miniature, n, ek cbboti^ shabih yi 

taswir. 

Minions, a. shangarf, ke rang ki 
Minikin, a. sagir yd kburd, asiz, 

piyaru. [kam. 

Minimum, n. kam se Icam, hadd-se 
Minim, n. past-qadd, ck qism kd r^. 
Minimus, n, bdlishtiyd, baund. 
Minion, n. sdkhta-pardajkhta, mar 

glib, manzdr-i-nazar. 
Minioning, w. nek-suliiki. 
Minionlike, Minionly, ad* khdbi se, 

achhi tarah se. 
Minister, n, wazir, mudabbir, ma- 

ddr-ul-mabdmm, diwdn, imdm, 

pesb-namdz, nuib, wakil, pesb- 

kdr, kdrkun, gumdshtd. 
Ministerial, a. bdzir bdsh, khidmati, 

farman-bardar, hukm-bardar, mu- 

ti, wakilana, imumana. 
Ministerially, ad, wakilana, waziri- 

na, kdr-kun ke taur par, imdndnt. 
Ministrant, a. bdzir-bdsh, hukm- 

barddr, muti, farmdn-barddr. 
Ministration, n. kdr-kuni, gumasli" 

tagi yd wakalat. khidmat, uhda. 
Ministry, n. uhda, khidmat, imamat^ 

arkan-i-daulat waqt-i-wizarat, y4 

waqt-wakalat. 
Minium, w. shangarf, sbanjarf, sen- 

dur. 
Minor, a. kam- tar, andak, past, zer. 
Minor, n. kam-sin, larka, na-baligb. 
Minorate, v. kam k., ghatand. 
Minoration, ». kam k., ghatana. 
Minority, «. na baligi, kburd-sali, 

kami, qillat. 
Minster, n. bar a girja, jama masjid, 
Minstrel, w. mutrib, sarod-go. 
Minstrelsy, n. khunyd-gari,'mntribf, 

kbunyd-garoo yd mutriboij kd 

tdifa. 
Mint, n, dar-uz-zarb, taksdl. 
Mint, w. podind. 
Mintage, w. sikka. 
Minter, w. zarrdb, miijid. 



\ 



Mill 



177 



MIS 



Mintmaster, n, daroga-i-dar-uz-zaib, 

taksdl k4 daroga. 
Miutwater, n. podina ka arq, arq, 

arq naxid. 
Minute, a. nihayat clihota, zarra-sa, 

khurd. 
Minute, V, likh lend, tank lend, qa- 

1am band k. 
Minute, n. daqiqa, sdat, lahmd, yd 

ek ghante ka sathwan hissa, shark 

yd tahriri rdb. [se. 

Minutely, ad. bdriki-se, nni-sbigdfi 
Minutely, .a. har-lahmd, har-saat. 
Minuteness, n. bdriki, diqqat, mii- 

shigdfi. 
MinutiaB, ». juziyat, klmrdiyat, da- 

qiqdt. 
Minute-book, n. sharli-nama, tabriri- 

r^ie ki kitdb. 
Minute-glass, n. bdlii ki gbari jis- 

rcen ek minit men sab bdlii j bar- 
parti hai. 
Minute-band, n. gbari yd gbanre 

ki wub siii jis se minit jan parti 

liain. 
.Minute-watcb, «. gbari jis men 

minit ki lakiren kbincb rabti bain 

yd jdn parti-bain. 
Minx, n. sbokb-cbasbm aurat. be- 

sliarm aurat, fdjrd-aurat. 
Miracle, w. taajjub kbarq-i-ddat, 

kai'dmdt, i'jdz, mu'jaza. 
Miraculous, a. kardmati, fauq-ul- 

adat yd fauq-ul-insdniyat, kard- 

mat kame ke qdbil. 
Miraculously, ad, bil-ijaz, ta'ajjiib 

se, kardmatdna, mujize se. 
Miraculousnesfl, «. karamati bdlat, 

fauq-ul-ddati. 
Miraclemonger, n, ek farebi yd 

dagdbaz'sbakbs, mujiz yd kard- 

mat kame kd jbiithd ddwd kartd 

ho. 
Mirador, n, bdla-kband, kakb. 
Mirage, w. sardb. 
M ire, v. kicbar men dubdnd yd gird- 

nd, kicbar se dliida k. 
Mire, n. kicbar, kicb daldal. 
Miry, a. daldala yd kicbdvso bbara 

liiid. 



Mirror, n, din a, mi rat. 

Mirtb, n, kbusbi, nasbdt, sbadmani, 

kburrami, bansi. 
Mirtbful, a. pursurur, kbusb, basb, 

sbdsb, bansj-baz, rangild. 
Mirtbfully, ad, kbusbi se, basba- 

sbat se, kburammi se, bansi se. 
Mirtbless, a. nakbusb, nasbad yd 

be ranj, udds. 
Misacceptation, n, kbiyal-i-bdtil, ga- 

lat fabmi, ulti samajb. 
Misadventure, w. sbdmat, dscb, sbd- 

yad. 
Misadventure, a. kambakbt, bad 

bakbt, kam-nasib, afat zada. 
Misadvise, v. burd cbetand, bad sa- 

Idb d., babkdnd. 
Misaffect, v, nafrat k., napasand k. 
Misaimed, a. galat anddkbta, sbast 

barbdd diyd bud yd kiyd hud. 
Misanthrope, w. insdn kd dusbman. 
Misanthropy, n. insdn se nafrat k. w. 
Misapply, r. be faidd lagdnd, beja 

kbarch k., zayd k., barbdd k. 
Misapprehend, v. nd blijbna, kbildf 

samajhnd, galat-fabmi k. 
Misapprehension, w. chiik, bliiib 

kb atd, kaj -f abmida- s am j b n a. 
Mis arrangement, n. beja, band-o- 

bast yd tartib. 
Misascribe, v. galatan, mansiib kar- 

ild. 
Misassign, v. bbiil ke sompna, cbiik- 

kar bawdld k. 
Misattend, t?. kam tawajjub, karna, 

be iltifdt yd gaflat k. 
Misbecome, v. bad-zcb b., nalaiq b., 

nd-mundsib b. 
Misbecoming, a. nd-mundsib, na- 

zebd. 
Misbegotten, Misbcgot, a. bardm- 

zdda, walad-ul-haram. 
Misbehave, v, bad cbalan b., bad 

suliiki k. 
Misbehaviour, n, bad-tariqi, bad-. 

atwdri, ndrdsti. 
Misbelief, n. bc-iatiqdd, ilbdd, kufr, 

galat. 
Misbelieve, v. galat itiqdd karna, 

batil ma7.ba.b miw\\i. 



Mirk, Mirky, Mirksome, a. andhera, 1 Misbc\\(i\<iT, -n, \>^^-\MaXv5^. V^"^"^^ 



w 



178 



MIS 



Miribeseem, v^ badzcb lioiia, namua- 

fiq bona. 
^liscalcuLito, v. chukiia, diiilna, 

ginti men bbiUna. 
Miscall, V, nam dharna, bigiirkar 

kahna, kliarab karkc kalma, 

galat mini so pukiirna. 
Miscarriage, n. nti-sarbarabi, bad- 

anjiimi, taqsir, na-sazawiiri, be- 

vabti, isqat-i-liamal. 
Miscarry, v, pet girna, nu-kamyab 

h., na-murild h. 
Miscellaneous, a. mutafarriq. 
Miscellany, n, majniiia, pachmcl, 

mutafarriqat. [useb. 

N\'Iischance, ?i. kambakliti, sliaraai, 

Mischief, n. badi, burai, nuqsan, 

zarar, ziyan, kliisiira, gazand, 

sadma. 
Mischief-maker, ?2. fitna angez, muf- 

sid, fitiiriya, fasadi. 
Mischievous, a. bad, bura, mufsid, 

miizi, ziyankar. 
Mischivousness, n. mufsadi, fasad, 

ziyankari, shararat. 
Miscible, a. amekhtani kc laiq, 

milnejog. 
Miscitation, n. galat tamsil ya iqti- 

bas, galat sanad. 
Misconceive, v. khilaf samajlma, 

ultu-samajahna. 
Misconception, n. chiik, galati, kha- 

td., galat-fahmi. 
Misconduct, ?i. bad-amali, be-gairti, 

bad-mu'amali. 
^lisconsti'ur tion, n, galat-fahmi, klii- 

laf-tj'ibir, chiik. 
Misconstrue, v. galat, samajhna, bat 

pherna, tarjumanardstk., mukha- 

lif-bayan k., pherna, be-rabt k. 
Miscount, V, galat ginna. 
Miscreance, n, bad iatiqadi, be- 

imani, illuid, kufr. 
Lliscreant, n, kaiir, mulhid, mardiid, 

murtad. 
Miscreate, a, tarbiyat ke barkhilaf 

ban a hud, be-daul, be-dhang. 
Misdate, v. galat tarikh dend. 
Misdeed, n. bad-faili, bad-kirdari, 

kukarm, gundh. 
Misdemeanor, 71, ^ucJjal. chi\k, kha- 
tii^ qus'iir. 



Misdevotion, n. lad-ibddat. 
Mif^do, V. bigdrna, khatdk., gunalik. 
Misdoer, n. bad-kdr, bad-fail, ku- 

chdli. 
Misedition, n. galat chhapd. 
Misemploy, v. gawdnd, barbdd k, 

zdyd k. 
Misemploymcnt, n. barbddi, israf, 

zdyd. 
Miser, 71, bakhil, mumsik, dani, sdm, 

kanjus, makhi-chus. 
Miserable, a. zalil, khastalidl, khuna- 

khardb, tabdh. 
Miserably, ad. kambakliti so, tabali- 

hdli se, khwdri se. 
Misery, «. zillat, khardbi, tabdli- 

hdli. 
Misfashion, v, kudaul k., badsiirat 

bandnd. 
Misform, v. badshakal bandnd, kud- 

hab yd kudaul k. 
Misfortune, n, bad-bakhti, kam- 
bakliti, idbdr, bipat. 
Misgive, v. shuba ddlnd, shakk k., 

andcshd-ndk k. 
Misgoltcn, a. bare kdm sc luu^il kiya 

hud. 
Misgovern, v, bad-riyasat k., bad- 

hukumat k. 
Misguide, v, bhaikdnd, gumrdh k., 

bahkdnd. 
Misguidance, ?i. gimirahi, bharkdwa, 

bad-rahbatai. 
Misha]), 11, zubiini, bad ittifdi], burai. 
Misinfcr, i?. galat tajwiz karndyd 

atkdna. 
Misinform, v. jhuthi khabar d., nd- 

rdst khabar d. 
Misinterpret, r. galat tarjuma k., 

khildf bay dn k., ulta yd nardst 

samajhnd. 
Misinterpretation, n. galat tarjumd. 
Misjoin, v. kujor k., burl tarah yd 

na-munasibat se mil dud. 
Misjudge, v. bad insdf yd taj-tdjwiz 

k., galat samajhnd. 
Mislay, v. khond, be-thikdndr., rakh- 

kar bhiilnd. 
Misle, V. phuhiydnd, thisiydnd, tap 

tap girna. 
\ "Mislead, v.\A\\xtyk^vx,'V)^^NLvu\vx.^ V^nIicv- 



MIS 



17'.) 



MIT 



Misliko, I?. lul-paFsaiul k., naraz honii, 

nagawju* li. 
Mismanage, v. Lad ihlinuim k., bi- 

cjania, bo-tartib k. 
!Misniaiiagomout, n. bigar, be tad- 

bii'i badainali, bc-iiitiz;imi, israf. 
Mismatcli, v, l>e-jc)r k., kujor k., 

kuiiiol k. [pliii'chia. 

Misnair.c, y. jlnUha nam d., mini 
^\Iisii(^iiKT, n, khilal* ismi. 
^Ji^•obpol've, V, be-dlli se dekhnd, 

khiyal na k., dil nd-lagake lihaz k. 
]NJisogynist, ?i. aur^H^**" "'^ "ifrat 

karne -NyAla, &^f0^^ 
Misogyny, n^jjl^ -^ 
ISJisordor^j^ij^ljL^ :.. bad 

intiz. ' 
^1 i.i;'kbfif. iK?lzL. cLu-J. '&til, 

.aliyat riayh-- ^^. 
: tanr ka iii; r'^ *--^ * 1* ^-^ 



• pahant' i.i^y 

ciastana ;i^ --:-;-1 ^-T '■■ 
thin lianiiila- 



, be- 



gii- 

izon 

r d., 

sa- 

^lisquote. v. juthi sanad Ulna, gala! 

itltibas k. 
Misrocitc, v, di^src ki bat ko parline 

ya sun an c mrn gal at k. 
^^lisreckon, v. ginti men bbiilnd, 

sburaar men cbiikna. 
Misrelate, u. jlu\tb bayan k. 
^lisroport, r. jbiith kliabar d., klia- 

. bar gal at kabna. 
Misrepresent, r. nmnqalib k., cbiik 

ya adiiwat se gair baqq naql k., 

burj'ii ke liye jbVith bolna. 
Misrule, n, bad-bukmi, bad-amali, 

abtari, balclial, 
^liss, n. koari, b<?ti, liirki, dosliiza. 
Miss, V. na-pana, kbali-parna,; cbuk- 

na, kbata k.. gum k. 
Missay, v. gibat k., tulimat lagana 

ya iDadgoi karna, ilzani dena. 
Misshape, v. bnd-f-ihakl'k., bad-Tvaza, 
bv-chml bnuixuii. 



Missile, a. liatbcldiuni, diirandttzi. 
Mission, n. risalat, irsal, paigamb.'iri 
Missionary, n. jo sbaklis ki mazliab 

ki tarbiyat ke liye bheja jata bai, 

l.-^awi niazlijib ko zabir karno ya 

jiliailane ke liye bliejii bi'ia sbakbs. 
Missive, a. marsul, iirstada, bliejnii 

ke rjcibil. 
Missive, n. paiganibar, qasid, rii^abi, 

kliatt. 
Mis.^pcak, t\ galat bolna. 
Mi.ss])ell, V, galat bijje k., galat imla 

likbna. 
Misspend, v, bcja sarf k., barbiid d. 
Misstate, v, jbulli izbar k., jliutli 

bayiin k. 
Missiatoment, n. nanUt bayan. 
Mist, 6*. kubra, kubasa, plnibar, 

dlriindb. 
Mistake, v. mnkLiilif samajLna, 

cliiikna, bbiilriit. 
Misterm, v. jbutb nam r., galat 

nj'im d. 
IMistinie, v. be-^va(|t k., be-moqa k. 
Mistiness, n, dbnndb, dliundlilabat. 
Mission, n. melao, majmiid. 
Mistress, n. sabiba, nialik, bibi, ns- 

tadiii, baram, ma;^buqa, diljan. 
Mistrust, n. badzani, bjul-gumani, 

bbarani, sliakk, waswas. 
Mistrustful, «. bad-zan, bad-gunuln, 

bad-dil, sbakki, wasw«asi. 
Misty, r/. dliundlila, dbnndlia. 
Misunderstand, r. galat sanmjbna, 

mukbdlif ya kbiliif biijhna, sani- 

ajline m(*n, cbiikna. 
Misunderstanding, n, galat fab mi, 

nafalimi, na-mn\^'dfaqat. 
Misnsage, Misuse, n, badsuliiki, bad- 

tariqi, be-liurm a 1 i. 
Mite, n. glmn, zarrii ya reza. 
Mitbridate, n. tiriyaq, zabrmnbra. 
Mitigate, r. narm k., mnl*" 

tbandci k., balka^Jj.^ ziyadatar, 

riayat k. 
Mitigation, M.^^r, boslitar, galiban, 

ifaqa, sui^g^ TQzky nuqta. 
M itre, n. iirwana, patanga, kira. 

nmlh%^ ma, mai, amma, madar, 
Mitrcdg^^ 



MOD 



180 



MON 



M it tent, a. bliejnc w., nikalnc w. 
Mittimus, n. sanad-i-mahbusi, qaid- 
kliane men rakhne ka liukm- 



nama. 



Mix, v. milna yd milana. 
^Mixture, w. milao, dmezisb. 
Mizzen n. jabaz ka pichhla mastiil, 

kalni. 
Mnemonic, a. yad karne ya rakbne 

kd ilm. 
Moan, V. gam k., afsos k., ndla k., 

karhana, rona-pitna. 
Moat, w. khandaq, khai, ndla. 
Mob, n. bliir, hujiim, raajma, amboh. 
Mob, V, bhir lagana, dbiim-dham 

uiacliana, ikbatta bona. 
Mobble, V, lapet sapet ke kaprd 

pabanna. 
Mobility, n. barakat-paziri, tahrik, 

awam. 
Mock, v. mnnb banana, chirand, 

birana. 
^lock, V. jbiitha, taqlidi, naqli, bans- 
si, thattha. 
Mockablc, a. cbirao pazir, laiq-i- 

zakh. 
Mockery, n, tamaskbur, tbat^ft, tana- 

zani, bans! miinb, cbirana. 
Modal, a. wazai, siirati, arzi. 
Mode, n, rawish, din, siirat, tariq, 

cbalan, rawdj. 
Model, n, naqsba, namiind, naql, 

daul, qdlib. 
Model, V, bandnd, daul d., sliakl 

bandbnd, naqsbd kbinclmd. 
]\] oderate, a. muatadil, mudfiq, mut- 

tdbiq, thik. 
Moderate, v. sambbdlna, zabt k., 

tbdmbnd, muatadil h. 
Moderately, ad. iatiddli se. 
Moderation, n. iatiddl, tabammul. 
Moderator, n, mir-i-majlis, mudabbir. 
"imafti ^' ^^y^» ^^^^> mutakbkhir, 

Lliscreantj^nl®.* ', , , , , , , 
murtad. ^takhknarin, abnde- 

Miscreate, a. tarbiyav " 

bana bud, be-daul, b(?aa*iJ^l>; ^a- 

Misdatc, v. galat tarikh civ.. 

Misdeed, n. bad-faili, bad^b, gai- 
kukarra, gundb. 

^j isdemeanor, n. kucbal; cbiik, 
t4 Q^silr. 



Modify, V, siirat d., sliakl bindki*^';'^ 

daul d., siidlidma. juv: 

Modisb, a. rawjiji, rasmi, diahiiiS^*"- 

nautarzi. M'-^" 

Modulate, v. dwdz banana, taraB-*-*'! 

num k., dldpnd. W-'^^ 

Modulation, n, tarannum, nagmi,«-i' 
Mohair, w. ek qism ki lin yd bikri w^i 

kd bdl. 1 - 

Moiety, n, adbd, nim, nisf. l: 

Moist, a. nam, tar, martiib, slid, gild, wr^ 

serdb. l-: 

Moisten, v. namgin k., tar k., siland, t ^ 

martiib k. I ^ 

Moisture, n. nam, tari, sil ratdbai, l 

araq, ras. I 

Mole, n. til, masd, kbdl; chhucliiliii- I 

dar, band, pusbta. i 

Molehill, n, cbhachnndar ki dberi, 1 

tiida-i-m^sh. ^ I 

Molest, V, satdnd, khijdnd, chh«nia» 1 

taklif d. ' I 

M olestation, n, taklik, izd, ranj, tas- I 

did, dzdr. 
Mollify, V. narmdna, muldim k., I 

thandd k., taskin d. 
Molen, a. gald-hud, dhdlwdn, qdlibi. 
Moment, n, dam, lamha, lahzd, sdat, 

pal, daqiqd; garaz, muzdiqd, 

bhdri. 
xMomentary, a. ek dam ka, na-pde- 

ddr, fdni. 
Momentous, a. girdn, bhdri, saifgin, 

muhimm, dushwdr. 
Monarch, n. bddshdh, shdb, mdlik, 

sultdn, rdjd. 
Monarchy, n. bddshdhi, saltanat, 

mumlikat. 
Monday, n. pir, do-shamba, sombdr. 
Money, n, zar, naqd, paise, riipiyd 

kauri, mayd. 
Money-changer, n. sarrdf, naqqdd. 
Moneyed, a. zarddr, mdlddr, ripye- 

wdld, paise-wdld. 
Moneylender, n, mahdjan, sdhiikdr, 

qarz-dihandd. 
Moneyless, a. be-zar, be-naqd, tihi- 

dast, mufls. 
Monger, n, faroshinda, baipdri, ista- 

mdl is lafz kd dusre lafz ke sdth 

hota hai. 
Mongrel, n, do nasld-jdnwar. 



MOR 



181 



MOT 



ilonition, n. nasihat, wdz, pand, 

taiubih. 
Monitor, n. ndsih, waiz, khalifa. 
Monkey, n. bandar, bozina, maimiin. 
Monopolize, v. ijdrd 1., clihcnkna, 
[ mar r., kurk k. 
! Monopoly, n. ij^ra, khass-kharid. 
Monosyllable, «. ck hijjc-kii lafz. 
Monotony, n, ek-suri, tawli-liarkat. 
Monsoon, n. mausam ki hawa. 
Monster, n. ajib-ul-kliilqat, ifrit, 

bbiit. 
Monstrous, a. ajib, azim, liaulnuk, 

sliarir, qawi-iiaikal. 
Month, n. maliinn, mah, mas. 
Monthly, a. har-mahine, mdhi, ma- 
• hinc-kc mahine, mah-ba-mah. 
Monument, n. yad-gar, nishan; ala- 

mat, turbat, marqad, qabr. 
Monumental, a. yadgari, alamati, 

maqbari, marqadi. 
Blood, n. lial, halat, khatir, kho, 

waza. 
bloody, a. chirchira, barham, khafa, 
maltil. [mizaji. 

Modincss, n. gussa, gazab, tiinuk- 
Moon, n. chand, mah, mahtab, 
qamar — (new) mah-i-nau, liilal — 
(full) badr, piiranmasi. 
Moonet, n, chhota chand, mahcha. 
Moonlight, w. chandni, mahtab-ki 

roshni, niir-i-mah. 
Moonling, n, sada lauh, anari. 
Aloor, n. zangi, habshi, magribi, mu- 

salman; be-abad zamin, wirana. 
Moor, V. langar ddlna, lagana, 

bdndhna. 
Mooring, n. langar-gah, ghat. 
Moorish, a. daldala, pani se bhara 

liua. 
Moose, n. ek qism ka haran. 
Moot, V, bahs k., hujjat k., taqrirk. 
Mop, n. kapre ki jharii. ' 
Mope, V. afsirda h., gamgin h., udas 

baithnii. 
Mopish, a, snst, gamnak, udas. 
Moral, a. akhlaq, akhlaq numa, adab 

amoz, pand ana. 
Moral, n. nasihat, pand, hasil, garaz. 
Moralist, n, adib, ataliq, nasih, wdiz. 
Morality, w. akhlaq, suliik, adab, 



Moralize, v. akhlaq batuno, pand 

den a. 
Morals, n. akhlaq, nck-suliiki, lidab, 

waza. 
Morally, acL r/.sti-so, haqq-mcn. 
Morass n, Jaldal, dhasan, kichar. 
Morbid, a. mariz, bimar, khasta. 
Mordacious, a. katnc w., neshzan, 

darinda. 
Mordacity, n. ncshzani, darindgi. 
Mordication, n. katna, khajana. 
More, a. aur, ziyada, afziid, besh, 
bahut — (and more)^ aur-aur, aur 
ziyi.da — (or less), thora-bahut, 
kambesh. 
Moreover, ad, alawa, siwa, siwa iske, 

tispar bhi. 
Morning, w. fajr, subah, sahar, bhor, 

tarka. 
Morning-star, n. zuhra, sitara-ns- 

subah. 
Morose, a. durusht, turush-rii, ka- 

rakht, chirchiia. 
Moroscness, n. durushti, turush-riii,^ 

tund-mizaji. 
Morrow, n. kal, farda. 
Morsel, «, luqma, nawalii; tukrii,. 

para . 
Mortal, a. fani, mauti, fauti; insani,. 

bashri; muhlik, qatil, kari. 
Mortal, n. insan, ddam-zad, bashar^ 

shnkhs. 
Mortality, n. fana, ajal, maut; insa- 

niyat, bashriyat, admiyat. 
Mortar, n, gach; hawan, kiindi,. 

gubbavd, kharil. okhli. 
Mortgage, v. girwi r., rahn r. 
Mortification, n. saran, sarawat^ 

nafs-kushi, azar, ranj. 
Mortify, r. saina, sar jana; khijana, 

dabana, zabt k. 
Mosque, n. masjid, ibadat-gah. 
Moss, n. kai, chitti. 
Most, a. aksar, beshtar, ziyadatar, 

nihayat. 
Mostly, ad, aksar, bosh tar, galiban* 
Mote, n, zarra, reza, nuqta. 
Moth, n. parwana, patangd, kira. 
Mother, w. ma, mai, amma, madar, 

walida. 
Mother-in-law, n, sas, khush-daman. 
Mot\ier\esVb, a.\i^-\\i\x^^^^\sv^iXriAN\\\. 



MOV 



Lv2 



lilUN 



Mother, n. pliapliiind, kai. 

Motion, n. harakat, jumlush liilao, 

dulao, taqrir, bat, qaziya, izliar. 
Motionless, a, bc-harakat, sjikin, 

stliir, qaim. [lab. 

Motive, n. sabab, muratl, garaz, mat- 
Motley, a. ran gar an g, giinagiin, 

pacliniol. 
Motto, n. saja, kitiibat, alamat, 

naqsh. 
Mould, n. pliapliiinJi; mitti, qalib, 

sanclia, naqslia, tarasli. 
. MouUl, V. gnndhna, banana, shakal 

bandhnii. 
Moulder, v. clnir li., miiti h., kliak 

zawal h. 
Mouldwarp, n, cliliuclilmndar. 
Mouldy, a. phaphunda luia. 
Moult, V. par jhcirna, kuriz k. 
Mound, n. puslita, mend. tod;i, band. 
Mount, 71. tilii, pahaii, tall. 
Mount, V. chai-lmti, utlma, ii})ar jana 

ya urna, sawar h., aniisli k., rakh- 

na, nasb, k. 
Mountain, n, paluir, parbat, koli, 

jabal. 
Mountainous, a. paliari kolisar, ko- 

histan. 
Mountebank, 7i. nim Lakim, baid, 

ankh kan kii baid. 
Mounter, n. cliarline wala, iipar jane 

wala, sawar Lone walfi. 
Mourn, v, gam kbana, kuilina, afsos 

k., nala-o-zari k., matam k. 
Mourner, n. matamdiir, gamklior, 

taziya-dar. 
Mournful, a, gam-gin^ gam nak, 
• gam-angez, matam-angez. 
Mourning, n, gam, matam, matami- 

libas. 
Mouse, n. chiilui, miisri, miisli. 
Mouscliole, w. cliiilii ka bil. 
Mouser, n, cliuhi-raar, musli-gir. 
Mousetrap, n. clmhidan. 
Mouth, 71, munh, mukh, dahan, mu- 

hana. 
Mouthful, n. nawala, luqma. 
Moveable, a. mutaharrik, murnkin- 

ul-harakat, uth ne jog. 
Move^ 27. ]iiln4 hilana, sarakna sar- 
^dndf harakat d., chalana, chalna, 
oksdnd, lagzish d., uarni k., pesli k. 




Moved, a, mahruk, unibidn, cliala 

hud. 
Movement, n. liarakat, rawaraTvi, 

dial, clialan. 
Moving, a. dil-soz, dil-kash, jigar- 

soz, muliarrik. 
Mow, r. katna. dirau k., qalam k. 
!Mow, n. parchhatti, kotlia. 
Much, a. bahut, bah u tent, bisyar, 

nihayat, kasir — (h(nvmuch), kittji, 

kitua — (so much), itna, itta — (oi 

much), jitna, jitta. 
Much, n. kasrat, ifrat, bisyar, babut 

— (so much so), yahan-tak — (to 

make much of), piyiir k., nawazni. 
Mucilage, n. las, luiib. 
Mucilaginous, a. laslasa, lajlaja, 

Inabdar. 
Mud, n. chahhi, kichar, daldal, gil. 
Muddy, a. maiUi, gad la, uliuhi, mu- 

qaddar. 
Mufile, V. lapetna, dhampna., orhna, 

chhipana. 
Mug, n. ab-khora, piyala. 
Mulberry, n. tiit, shah-tiU. 
Mulct, V. jurmana k., tawan lagand. 
Mule, ??. khachchar, astar. 
MuUirarious, ) a. rang ba-ragnii, 
Multiform, J giiua-giin, shakal, 

bah nip i a. 
Multiplicand, n. mazriib, gunya, jo 

zarab diya. jae. 
Multiplicate, a. guna gan. 
Multiplication, n. zarb, ifnif, ziaditi. 
Multiplicity, n. kasrat, ifiat, baliu- 

tat. 
Multiplier, n. zjirib, zarb-kuninda. 
Multiply, 17. zarb k., ziya<la k., bar- 

hana. 
Multitude, n. kasrat, bahutat; ja- 

maat, amboh, hujiim, bhir. 
Mum, int. chup ! khamosh ! 
Mumble, v, ghilbil k., barbardnd, 

chaba ke bat kalma. 
Mummery, n, bahriipi, pekhna, bad- 

bazi. 
Mummy, a, momiya. 
Munch, V. chapar-chapar khana, hap- 

jhap chabna. 
Mundane, a. duniyawi, zamani, ja- 



•^ 



MU8 



188 



h^VI 



jMiindify, v, pak k., Siif k., inrmal k. 
^liiudificaiion, n. safai. 
jMunicipal, a. sliahrjamant yaguroli 

ke muta'alliq. 
^1 uniiiceiicc, n. sakliawat, liimmat 

jiid. 
^lanificent, a. saklii, data, kusluula- 

dil, saliib-i-liimniat. 
AI unite, v, mazbiit k., morclui laga- 

na, liifazat k., qala bandi k. 
^luuimoiit, 72. qala, jac hifazat, daf- 

tcr ya sanad. 
^luiiition, n. larai-ka stiman ya as- 

bab, qlla-bandi. 
"Murder, n, Idiun, qatl, kliiinrczi. 
i^lurder. v. mar-daluii, kbi'in k., qatl 

karna. 
^lurdcrer, n. kliiini, kliun-rez, qatil, 

martUunkush. 
Murderous, a. khiinkhwar, kliiinin, 

jallad. 
Murky, a.-tarik, andhcra glianghor. 
Murmur, n. kurkurahat; sliikayat, 

barbaraliat. 
^lurmur, v. kurkurana, sliikayat k., 

barbayana. 
}^Iuscle, n. pattba, pai; sipi ka ki'ra. 
Muscular, a. goslitdiir, jasim, zora- 

war. 
^luse, V. fikv k., gaur k., andcslia k., 

sochna, kliyal k. 
^luscum, n. ajaib-kliana, luidcrat 

khana. 
MnshrooiTi, 7i. chliata, dliarti-ka 

phiil, kukarmutta. 
^lusic, 72. ilm-i-miisiqi, nagma, al- 
ii an, sarod. 
Musical, a, khush-aliang, pnrsoz; 

shirin; sarodi, musiqi mausiib. 
Musical, n. mutrib, mugauui, niu?i- 

qi-dan, sazinda, gawaiya. 
Jklusk, 72. mnslik, misk. 
Musket, n, bandiik, tupak, tufang. 
Muskrat, n, chliuclihiindar. 
Muslin, n, malmal, tan zcb, sliab- 

nam. 
Musquito, n, macbbchbar, pasLsha. 
Mussel, 7t. sipi-ka kira. 
l^Iust, V, cliabiye, boga, zariir hai, 

lazim liai. 
Mustard, n. rdi, sarson. Jkhardal. 
Muster, v. ghiii k., janui k. 



Musty, a, kai-dar, sara, bosida; 

pur;'ina. 
Mutability, n, bcqaniri, na-paodari, 

tagiyur, talawwun. 
Mutable, v, be-qarar, ua-pacdar, niu- 

tagaiyur, mutalauwin. 
Mute, a. chnp, kbamosb, be-zabiin, 

giinga, bukin. 
Mutilate, v. laiigra k., azii kiitna, 

biga-na. 
Mutineer, n. biigbi, nafarman. 
Mutinous, a. bagi, sarkasb, mufsid. 
Mutiny, ?2. bagawat, inliiiaf, fasdd, 

liangama, daga. 
Mutter, V. barbartina, kurkuyana, 

gun gn nan a. 
Mutton, n. blier-ka gosht. 
Mutual, a. do-tarfi, tarfain, janibain. 
Mutually, ad, do taraf se, dpas-men. 
Muzzle, V. munli k., jab k., katne so 

biiz rakbna. 
Muzzle, 71. ninnb, daluin, tbutni; 

jabra, muklira. 
My, p7\ nierii. 
Myriad. 7i. das-bazar. 
Myrobalan, n. anda, lialela, bar. 
Myrrb, n. niurr, bol. 
Myself. J), main-ap, niain-kbnd. 
Mysterious, a. makbri, posbida, ba- 

id-ul-falun, niz, sirr. 
Mystery, n. niz, ramz, nvr, gaib, 

bikniat. 
Mystic, a. mustatir, raz-i-ilabi po- 
sbida, posbida sbakbsb. 
Mytbic, a. ]»nrqi.ssa, purafsana. 
Mythology, ?2. naql-i-jinn, dcomala, 

deoton ki kabani. 

N. T» 

N. Angrczi liariif tabaiji ka cbaodh- 

^van bariif. 
Nab, V. yak-a-yak pakarna, cbafli- 

baitbna, pakar-baitbna. 
Nabob, 71. na\Ywab. 
Nadir, 72. sanit-ul-qadam, samt-ur- 

rijl, nazir-us-samt. 
Na>ve, 71. dagj kbal, til, pbutki. 
Nag, 72. yabu, taltii, cbarkba. 
Na\\. u. \\oi^\, \\vi}«jlv\^xxv., \sv^i)jj^., '^^^- 



NAR 



184 



NAT 



Nail, V, kilna, kil d., mekli lagana. 
Nailer, n, mckh saz, gnl mekh saz, 

kantc banane w. 
Nailery, n. mekli ya kilon ka kar- 

khana. 
Naivete, n. sadagi, rasti, safai, sidq. 
Naked, a. baralina, uryan, gair- 

mnsallah ya behatliyar, zaliir, asli- 

kiira, sirf, kliali. 
Nakedly, ad, be-libas, be-kapre ya 

baralmagi se, sirf, sarilian. 
Nakedness, n. uryani, be-libasi, 

barahnagi. 
Name, n, ism, laqab, khiUib, iiek- 

naini, abrii, nam-wari, sliuhra. 
Name, v, nam r.; mausiim k., tas- 

miya k., kalina, nam-zad k. 
Named, a. mausum, musarama, nam- 
zad. 
Nameless, a, gum nam, be nam, be- 

nam-o-nishan, na-maliim. 
Namely, acL yani ya masalan, khu- 

siisan. 
Namesake, n, ham nam, ham-ism, 

sami. 
Nap, n. jhapki, thori-nind, khwab, 

lot-pot. 
Nap, V, sona, linghna, ankh lagna. 
Nape, w. qafa, giiddi, gardan, nar. 
Napkin, n. dast-mal, rii mal, munh- 

puchhna, angochhd. 
Nappy, a, kaf-dar, phene-dar. 
Narcissus, n nasrin, nargis, nargis- 

i-shala. 
Narcotic, Narcotical, a. nind-awar, 

muskir ya mnkbaddir. 
Narcotic, n, nind-awar dawa, mus- 

dawa. 
Narrate, r. bayan k., naql. k. 
Narration, r?. hikayat, naql, riwayat, 

bayan, katlia, qissa, kaluini. 
Narrative, a. rdwi, naqil. 
Narratively, ad, hikayat ke rii se, 

riwayat ya bayan ke tanr se, 

naql ke tariq so. 
Narrator, n, rawi, naqil, muhaddis, 

haki, bayan kuninda, muwarrikh. 
Narratory, a. rawi, bayan-kuninda. 
Narrow, a. kam-arz, mahddd, chust, 

tang-^ sakra, nazdik, qarib, kam- 
zarf, ochhd, qaW, tang-dil. 



I 



I 



zan, ocnnHy qain, lang-uii. \ iuuvii.1. is^u 

JVnrivTv, V. tang k., kam k., ghatA.na. \ \)ak\vsVm^. 



Nanowor, n. tang k. w., kam k. w. 

ya h. w. 
Narrowly, ad, tangi ya chusti se, 

gaur, diqqat ya taqaiyud-se. 
Narrowness, n. tangi ya chusti, kam j 

chaurai, tang-dasti, tihidasti. 
Nasal, a, jo nak se bold jae, ghunna, 

naki, anus war. 
Nascent, a. hone w., barhne w., 
Nastiness, n, gilazat ya najAsat, 

dlaish, fuhsh, mail. 
Nastly, ad, gilazat se, na-pdki y4 

aludagi se. 
Nasty, a, galiz ya najis, na-pak ya 

nd-saf. 
Natal, a, janami, wiladati, madar- 

zadi. 
Natant, a, tairna, pairdi, tirdw. 
Natatory, a, taqat-i-shindb, tairne 

ki qiiwat. 
Nation, n. qaum, millat, taba, ek 

rdj ke log, baran, zdt. 
National, a, qaumi, amm; watan- 

dost, quam-parwar. 
Nationality, n. qaumiyat, qaami 

khdsiyat. 
Nationalize, v, qaumi rii se tamiz 

k. yd mashhur k. 
Nationally, ad, qaum ke rii se, 

qaum ke bab men. 
Native, a, zati yd khilqi, jibilli, asli, 

mad ar-zdd, j Jin ami . 
Natively, ad, paidaish se, bit-tabiyat, , 

bil-asdlat. 
Nativity, n paiddish, tawallud ya 

wilddat, maulid yd watan. 
Nature, n, khaliq, dunya, kainat, 

dlam, khilqat, makhliiqdt, zati yd 

tabi din. 
Natural, a, zati, muldim yd shafiq, 

khilqi yd nd sdkhta, muqtazi, sd- 

dliaran, qudrati. 
Naturalism, n. tabi-i-hdlat jibilliat. 
Naturalist n, khawdss-ul-ashyd-ddn. 
Naturalize, v, watani bandnd, kisi 

gair mulk ko, apne mulk ke 

huqdq bakhshnd, apne mulkiyog 

men ddkhil kar lend, sharik k., 

shdmil k., apnd k. 
Naturalization, watni bandnd, gair 



NEA 



185 



NEC 



y, ad, bit tabiyat, bil-asalat, 

an. 

less, n. be sakhtagi, barjas- 

isalat, hamwari. 

e, n. jahaz-shikani, garq-i- 

ous, a, jahaz sbikan. 

H. na-cliiz, kharab, kam- 
na-kara, kuchli nahin. 
r, a. bad, sharir, kliardb, 
lash. 

ly, ad. shararatan, sbararat 
di yd kharabi-se. 
iness, n, sbararat, badi ya 
bi. 

n, matlai, ubkai, ya ubki, 
: ya kashiddgi. 
,e, V, ji-matlana, nafrat ya 
iyat k. [gawar. 

IS, a. makrub, karib, na- 
isly, ad, karabiyat ya kara- 
i, nafrat se. 
isness, n, karabat ya kard- 

nafrat, gbindv. 

Nautical, a, jabdzi, kbald- 

yd mallabon ke muta'alliq. 
3. n, ek bhant ki samundari 
ill macbbli, 
I, jabdzi, babri, darydi. 
. nabb yd cbakkar kd bicb. 
I, naf, tondi, nal yd nald. 
e, V, jabdz-rdni k., jabdz 
id yd jabdz par rawdnd h. 
)le, a, jabdz jane ke Idiq, ja- 
i kisbti ke chain e ke Idiq, 
ion^, n, jabdz-rdni, nd-kbudi 

or, n, nd-kbudd, muallim yd 

-rdn. 

. jabdz, babr. 

i, nabin, aisd bai nabin, na, 

(3, n. inkdr ki taraf yd mail, 
d n, zarb-ul-masal. 
;, n, ek Yabudi yd Ibrdni 
iir pakizagi kd ddwa karta 

. halki jaw dr. 

pas, nazdik, qarib, ankarib, 
isil. 
zd, qarib-qarih, ab-tab^ kain- 

kam-besb. 



Nearness, ft, nazdiki, ittisdl, qurb> 

jnz-rasi, qurbat. 
Neat, a. 'umda, nafis, pdkiza, sdf, 

kbusb-numd. 
Neatherd, n, gudla, charwdhd, char- 

wdh. 
Neatly, ad, pakizagi, safdi yd nafd- 

sat se, bdsaliqa. 
Neatness, n, safdi yd tahdrat, pd- 

kizagi. 
Neb, n, ndk, chonch. 
Necessary, a, zariir, wdjib yd Idzim, 
Necessaries, n. zariiriydt, lawdzima, 

as-bdb. 
Necessarian, Necessitarian, n. taqdaor 

kd qail, munkir-i-ikhtiydr. 
Necessarily, ad, zariiratan, biz zariir 

ya Idziman, kbwdhma-khwdh, 

muqarrar yd Id-budd. 
Necessitate, v, zai'iir k., Idzim h;, 

Id-budd k. 
Necessitation, n, zariirat-dihi, zani- 

rat, la-buddi, Idzimi, Id-raddi. 
Necessitous, a, tang-bdl, shikasta- 

hdl yd tihi-dast, muhtij yd hajat- 

mand, 
Necessitousaess, n, iflds, shikasta- 

hdli yd hdjatmandi, tangi, ihtiydj, 

hdjat yd tangdasti. 
Necessitude, n. iflds, tangi yd shi- 

kasta-hdli, hdjat, ibtiyaj, tang- 
dasti yd hdjat-mandi. 
Necessity, «. jabr yd zor, qaza yd 

taqdir, Inziim, zardrat yd wujiib, 

tangi yd ibtiyaj, hdjat yd tang- 
dasti, iflds, shikastabdli yd hajat- 

mandi. 
Neck, n. guM, gardan, gala. 
Necked, a. gnlii-ddr gardan w. 
Neckbeef, n. mawesbi ki gardan kd 

gosht. [bandh. 

Neckcloth, n, guM-bandh, gald- 
Necklace, a, mdld, kanthi, mohan- 

mdld, bar. 
Neckland, n. zamin kd lambd aur 

tang hiss a. 
Necromancy, n, jddii, sahiri yd sihr- 

kdri, mantar. 
Necromancer, a, jddii-gar, tone-baz, 

liUi ^ib ^i^\X Y!^ ^Si^^^ ^V^^ ^^^^^' 



xEa 



I8r, 



NER 



Necromantic, n. afsiin yd jadii, sihr. 
Nectar, n, sliarab-i-tahiir ya shara- 

ban-taliurti, anirit, ab-i-hiyiit. 
Nectareal, Nectarean, a, sharab-i-ta- 

hur, sharaban-tahiira ke md-nind, 

muta'alliq-i-ab-hiyat. 
Nectareci, a. sliarab-i-tahiir dmez, 

ab-i-kausar-iimcz. 
NectareouB, a. sharab-i-taliur s4 

initha, ab-liiyat ko nianind-shiin. 
Nectarine, a. sliarab-i-taliur ya 

sharaban taliiir sa mitha. 
Need, n. ihtiyaj, tangi ya tang-dasti, 

zui'iirat. 
Needer, w. muhtaj, ilitiydj yd hdjat 

r. w. 
Needful, a, zariirat w., muhtaj, 

hajat-mand. 
Needfully, ad, zaniratan, biz-zanir. 
Needless, a, la-hasil be-fdida, nd- 

zariir, be-kdr. 
Needlessly, ad. be-zariirat, gair- 

ilitiydj. 
Needlessness, n» be-hdjatl, be-zar- 

lirati. 
Needment, n, jo shai dar-kdr ho. 
Needs, ad, zariiratan yd laziman, 

Id-budd, Id-jarani, farzan yd wd- 

jiban. 
Needy, a. muflis, shikasta-hdl yd 

tang-hdl, hdjat-mand, mafliik. 
Necdily, ad, iflds men, muflisi yd 

hdjat-mandi men. 
Neediness, n. ihtiyaj, hdjat-mandi 

yd muflisi, iflds. 
Needle, n. sti yd siijd, kdntd. 
Needlework, n. chikan-kdri, kasidd, 

sdi kd kdm. 
Neese, v. chhinknd. 
Neesing, n. chhinknd. 
Nefandous, a. nd-guftani, makriih 

yd karih. 
Nefarious, a. Idnati, sharir yd bad, 

makriih yd krih. 
Nefariously, ad, shardratan, kardha- 

tan. 
Negation, n, inkdr, radd yd nafi, 

salb yd saliba. 
Negative, a. manfi yd ndfiyd, nafi- 

numa. 

Negatively, ach salban; bis^salb, na- 
fiyan. 



Neglect, V, gaflat k., bhiil jdna. 
Ncglccter, n, gaflat k. w., tasfl 

k. w., bhiilne w. 
Neglectful, a, be-khabar, gafil I 

lihaz. 
Neglectingly, ad, be-khabari ya ! 

flat se, gdfili. 
Neglection, n. kahili, gdfili. 
Neglective, a, gafil, be-khabar 

kahil, be-lihdz. 
Negligence, w. be-khabari, tas^ 

yd tagaful, gaflat. 
Negligent, a. gdfil, be-khabar, 

lihaz, kahil. 
Negligently, ad, be-khabari se, 

lihazi se, gaflat se. 
Negotiate, v. kdr-o-bdr k., d 

mala k. 
Negotiable, a, mudmala-pazir, 

o-bdr-pazir. 
Negotiant, w. muamala-ddn, r 

mala-shinds, darniiydni. 
Negotiation, n. kar-o-bar yd 

bdr, mudmal*, ahd-o-paiman, 

chit, zikr-mazkiir. 
Negotiator, w. miydnfi, darmi^ 

mudmald-ddn yd shinds. 
Negro, n, habshi, zangi, siydh, 
Neigh, V, hinhindnd, sahil k. 
Neigh, n, ghorc ki dwiiz, hinhinj 
Neighbour, n. hamsdyd, parosi, 1 

diwdr. 
Neighbourhood, n, jiwdr, naT 

ds-pds, paros, ham say agin, c 

nazdiki. 
Neighbourly, a. khaliq, milanss 
Neither, c, na, na yih na Tvuhj 

nahin, 
Nemorous, a, jangli, wahshi. 
Neoteric, a. nayd, jadid. 
Nephew, w. bhatija, birddar-zac 

khwdhir-zdda. 
Nerve, w. pai, nas, rag, pathd, r< 

quwwat, himmat. 
Nerveless, a. ndtawdn, be-quT 

kamzor. 
Nervous, a. mushtanda, sust, 

gathild, dhild. 
Nest, n, ghonsla, dshiydna, 

kh*d.Tia, 
"Nestle, v. g\\o^%\^i*A. iy,"^\v^k\ 



NIG 



187 



NOM 



jal, ddm, jtila, gharbdl. 
a. tarla, nicha, zerin, asfal. 
nost, a, sab-se nicLa, zerta- 
astrin, 

}), 2>' jalar, muslibbak, dam- 
I. 

V, khijana, chhernd, diqq k., 
I. 

ad, kabbi-nahin, hargiz 
, asla, zinbar. 

eless, c, taubbi, tisparbbi, 
1, ba-wajiid iske, parto, bar- 
' iske. 

Neutral, a. mirsawi, na 
na udbar, mukbannis, md- 
alag. 

nay a, nau, tdza, jadid. 
s^led, a. nau-sikbta; nau- 
i, nau-dost, bul-bawasi. 
ad, tbore diuon-se, aznau, 
idan, bil-fi'l, darinwila, 
)on, n. biliil, mab-i-naw. 
s, n, nayai, tazagi, nau- 
agl 

n. kbabar, akbbdr, wdqiat, 
dt, samdcbar. 

par, n, akbbar, kbabar-ka 
s. 
. nazdik-ka, muttasil, mild 

muqarrab, anqarrib, bad 
din da. 

nok, clionch. 
V, kutarnd, kutaknd. 
. tbik, sabib, daqiq, nafis, 
nazuk, barik bin, nuktd-ddn, 
ad. sibbat se, ba-dunisti, 
:-bini se, 

n. sibbat, diqqat, nazdkat, 
:-bini. 

. taq, tdqcba. 
. kbandana; ain-waqt, kbusb- 



Nigbtingale, n. bulbul, andalib. 
Nigbtly, a, sbabina, har-sbab, bar- 
rat ko, waqt-i-sbab. 
Nigbtmare, n, kabiis, jakrd, giima. 
Nimble, a, cbust, cbdlak, jald, tez. 
Nimbly, ad, jaldi se, cbusti se. 
Nine, a, nan. 

Ninefold, a. nan-guna, nubeband. 
Nineteen, a, nnnis. 
Ninety, a, nanwe, nawad. 
Nintb, a. nauwan. 
Nip, V, noebnd, cbontnd, cbutki k. i 
Nippers, n, mocbin, mocbnd. 
Nipple, ?i. bbitni, sar-i-pistan. 
Nitre, n. sbora, abqar, bdji. 
No, ad, na, nabin. 
Nobility, n, fimiri, sbardfat, najdbat, 

buzurgwari, ja\Tdn-mardi. 
Noble, a, sbarif, limda, buzurgTfdr, 

asil, alisbdn. 
Nobleman, n, amir, kbdn, sbarif, 

rnkn-i-danlat. 
Nobly, ad. sbarifdna, amirdna. 
Nobody, n, koi nabin, becbkas. 
Nocent, a, gundbgdr, zindkdr, nuq- 

sdn-i-rasdn. 
Noctambulation, a. kbwdb me© sair 

karnd. 
Nocturn, n, sbabina, ibddat. 
Nocturnal, a, sbabind, sbabi, rdt- 

ka. 
Nod, V, jbuknd, sar jbukdnd, nibiir- 

nd, ungbna. 
Nodding, jbukawat, i\ngb, jbapki. 
Noddle, n, sar, mTinr, khopri. 
Noddy, n, gdwdi, abmaq, ablah. 
Node, n. gdntb, gilti, waram, pbiild, 

kbatt-i-salibi. 
Noetic, a, aqli. 

Nog, Noggin, n, ek cbbotd dbkbord. 
Noise, n, dwdz, saddj bdog, shor, 

gul, gaugd. 
me, n, laqab, urfi-ndm, bad- Noisome, a. ganda, bad-biiddr, nuq- 

sanrasan, muzirr. 
Noisy, a, pursbor, sbori, dwdzi, 

kallakdr,'dliiim-dbdmi, bangtima 

sdz. 
Nolition, n, bedili, marazgi. 
l^Joll, n, sar, munr. 
Nomad, n, kbdna ba dosh pbime- 



). 



<i, bbatiji, bbanji. 

1, n, V tang-das t, kbasis, 

-lly> «^ j bakbil, makkbi- 

, tang-dil, dani. 

>r, pas, nazdik, qarib. 

n, rat, sbab — (all night) 
nt — fto n(r//itJajki'mtr^(good 
) shab'Ul klmr. 



NOT 



18? 



NOW 



lifomenclator, w. ismdih, nam dene- 

wala. 
Nomenclature, w. lugat, farliang, 

nam-mal&. 
Nominal, a. farzi, khiyali> zabani, 

ndmi. 
Nominate, v, tlialirana, muqarrar k. 
Nomination, n. tasmiya; taqarrur, 

thalirao. 
Nominative, a. fail; halat-i-failiyat. 
Nonage, w. kliurd-sdli, nd-baligi. 
Non-appearance, n. gair-haziri, gaibi. 
Non-attendance, n. adam liaziri, gair- 

haziri. 
None, a. koi nahin, knchli naliin, 

kecli na, kase-n^. 
Non-existence, w. na-biidi nesti, 

adam, be wajiidi. 
Non-existant, a. nest, nabiid, na- 

maujiid. 
Nonplns, v. hairan k., 14 jawab k., 

lacliar k. 
Non-resistance, n, adam-i-mnqawa- 

mat, tabammnl. 
Nonsense, w. behiida goi, ydwa, 

harza, lagwiyat. [k. 

Nonsuit, V. la-ddwa k., radd-i-dawa 
Nook, n. kona, gosha. 
Noon, w. do-pabar, nim-roz, nisf-un- 

nabar. 
Noose, n. pbdnsi, phandu kamand. 
Nor, c. na, na yib, na wub. 
Normal, a, ba qaidd, usul sikbne 

laiq. 
Nortb, n, nttar, sbamdl. 
Nortb-east, n, is^n-kona. 
Northern, a. uttara, sbimali, 
Nortb-star, n. sitdra-i-qutab isbi- 

mali. 
Northward^ ad, uttar-ki: taraf, basu- 

i-shimal. 
Nortli-west, n, bdyab> bayii kona, 

uttar-pacbclihim kd kona^ 
Nose, n, ndk, bini. 
Nosegay, n, guldasta, turra. 
Nostril, n^ nathna, na^bini^ min- 

kbar. 
Not, ad, na) nahin. 
Notable, a, mashhiir, qdbil-i-yid, 

tarifi. 
Notation^ n, niishan-nawisi^ ishara- 



Note, V. lihaz k., t^Ubia, ganr k, 

likhlena, daVhil k, ^ ^ 

Note, n. nishan, aUmat*, cbib; 

khatt, tip, dastawez, tamassnk; 

parda, maqam ; sharah h., shiyrj 

agalii khabar ; nam waqr. 
Noted, a» mashhiir, manif, n&mwar, 

waqr. 
Nothing, n, kuch nahin, hech, ni- 

chiz. 
Notice, n, nigah, mnldbiza, ganr, 

khabar, ittila 
Notice, V. mulahiza k., nazar II, 

nigdh k. 
Notify, V, khabar d., ittild k., izhir 

k. , batlana. 
Notion, n, khiyal, wahm> gumii^ 

zann. 
Notional, a. khiyali, wahml, farzi. 
Notoriety, n. shuhrat, angust-nn- 

mai. izhar. 
Notorious, a. mashhiir, mdriif, zdhir, 

badnam. 
Nott, V. chhantnd, tarashnd, kitai 
Notus, n. dakhni bawd, bdd-i-janiibi. 
Notwithstanding, c, bdwajiidiki, har- 

chand, tdham. 
Nought, n, kuclih nahin, hech. 
Noun, n, ism nam. 
Nourish, V, pdlnd> posnd, parwarisB 

k., liksana. 
Nourishable, a, qdbil-i-parwarisfi, 

posne jog. 
Nourishment, n. parwariah, pa^ 

ddklit, ghizd, khurdk. 
NoHsel, tr. parwarish k., palnd. 
Novel, a, naya, achambhd, j adid. 
Novel, n. afsdna, qissa, kahdii}^ 

ddstdn. 
Novelist, n. afsdna-nawis, qissA- 

nawis, mujid, muhdisw 
Novelty, w, naydpan, nau-rasidagi^ 

tajaddud, nautarzi. 
November, n. Parangi sii ka gydrah- 

wdn mahind. 
Novice, n, mubtadi, nati-dmoZy 

andri,. nd dzmiidakdr*. 
Novitiate, n, nau-dmozf, abjad 

khwdoi, andripan. 
Now, ad. ab, bilfial, akmin — n, hdU 
Nowadays, ad. d^ kal, darinwila^ 



NUR 



189 



OAR 



Nowhere, ad, kahin nahin. 
Noxious, a, mufsid, muzir muzir, 

miizi, fasid, ziydnkar. 
Nubile, a. qabil-i-nikah, bydlinejog, 

3 awan. 
Nucleus, w. asl, magz. 
Nudity, n, barahnagi, nangai, 
Nugacious, a, sabuk, kaliil. 
Nugatoiy, a. laliasil, liech, piich, 

nikammu. 
Nuisance, n, ziydnkar chiz, wabal, 

mail ki dbori, miizirr, duklidai. 
Null, n, lahasil chiz, raddi, bdtil, 

jhiitha, lahdsil, mansiikh. 
Nullity, n, lahasili, nachizi, besiidi. 
Numb, a. thithrd, sunn, behiss-o- 

harkdt. 
Numb, V, tliitbrdnd, bisbiss h., sunn 

bona. 
Number, v. ginnd, liisdb k. 
Number, n, adad, ank, ginti, sliumdr. 
Numberer, n, mubasib, sbumar kar- 

newdla. 
Numberless, a. behisdb, besbumdr, 

angint. 
Numbness, n, tbitbrabat, bebissi, 

bebarakati. 
Numerable, a, qdbil-i-sbumdr, gin- 

nejog. 
Numeral, a. adadi, shumdria dnki. 
Numerary, a, muqarrar, adadi ya 

sbmndri. 
Numeration, n, bisdb, ginti-tdddd, 

sbumdr. [adad. 

Numerator, n, adad-i-gabib, asl- 
Numerical, a, adadi, sbumari, anki. 
Numerist, n, mubasib, liis6bi, 'ag- 

nak. 
Numerous, a. babut, kasir, wdfir; 

abangi. 
Nummular, Nummulary, a. rupai se 

manstib, zarmansiib. 
Numskull, w. abmak, gdodi, miirakh. 
Nun, n, abdbiitani, zan-i-gosba- 

nasbin. 
Nuncupative, a, zabdnf. 
Nuptial, a, byabii, nikabi, sbddiyd- 

na, urtisi. 
Nuptials, n. by ah, sbddi, nikdb* 
Nurse, n, dai, annd, dbai, jiji, day a. 
Nurse, v. dndh piland, daigiri k., 
parwmsb k^ posna, bimardari k, 



Nursepond, n, pond ya "clihoti 

macbblion ki parwarisb ke liye 

tdlab. 
Nursery, n. dai-kbdnd, larkon kd 

kamrd. 
Nursling, n. sbir-kbord, bacbcbd, 

tifl. 
Nurture, n, gizd, parwarisb, kburdk, 

tarbiyat. 
Nut, n, jauz, sfipdri, cbdrmagz, ba- 

dam. 
Nutation, n. mibwari larzisb, 
Nutcrackeri, w. sarauta, 
Nutgall, w. majiipbal. 
Nutmeg, n, jauz, jaepbaL 
Nutrication, w. parwarisb ka taur, 

kbildne yd khdne ki tarah. 
Nutriment, n, gizd, parwarisb, kbu- 
rdk. 
Nutrimental, a. muqawwi, parw^a- 

rindd, posht. 
Nutrition, n, tagziya, parwarisb. 
Nutritious, a. parwarinda, muqawwi 

posht. 
Nutritute, n, muqawwi-sdzi, tdqat- 

i-parwarish. 
Nuzzle, V. baclicbe ki tarah ki god 

men munb chhipdnd, pdlnd, pos- 

nd. 
Nymph, n. pabdj^ jangal yd pdni ki 

debi. 



0. 



O, Angrezi bariif tabajji kd pan-^ 

drahwdn hariif. 
O, int, ah, oh, hay, aho, be,, be-ji^ 

aji, are, be-re. 
Oaf, w. ahmaq, ablab, janam-mil- 

rakh. 
Oak, V. balliit, shdh-balliit. 
Oaken, a, baMti, balliiti, balliit kd 

band-hud. [}i\U 

Oakling, n, nau-balliit, chhotd bal^- 
Oaky, a. balhit sd saklit, ustiiwdr 

yd mustahkim, mazbut. 
Oakapple, n, mdju-phal. 
Oakum, n, gahnf, purdne rasson ka 
. patud. 
Oar, n. danr, balli. 



OBJ 



100 



OBL 



Oat, Oats, n, jai. - | Objcctable, a. itiniz-pazir. 

Oath, n. qasani, saugand, half. Objection, n. uzr yA itiraz, khilif 

Oathable, a. qasam pazir. , hiijjat yd radd-badal, girit'U 

Oathbreaking,n.hal:-shikani,qasam- Objectionable, a. nd mimaHib^ be-ja, 



shikani, jhiithi qasam. 



laiq-i-uzr. 



Obambulation, n. idhar-udhar phir- j Objective, a, dakhil-i-shai, mnta* 
na ghumnd. I alliq-shai-siiri-ya gair-baiini, ma- 

Obdormition, n. nind khwab, aram, i fiili. 



istirahat, ashaish. 
Obduce, V. lipar dal d., lipar dal 

lend. 
Obdure, v. sakht k. 
Obduracy, n. inad sakhti, gardan- 

kaslii, sarkashi, bc-taassufi, na- 

diimati. 
Obdurate, a, gardan-kash, sar-kash, 

gairmutaassif, be-taubd. 
Obdurateness, n. sar kashi, gai'dan- 

kashi, sakhti. 
Obduration, n. sang-dili, bc-rahmi. 
Obduredness, sakhti, sar kashi. 
Obese, a. farbih, jasim, tan-dwar. 
Obeseness, n. motdpd yd mutdpa, 

farbihi, tandwari. 
Obey, V, bajd-ldnd, qabiU k., khatir- 

men-ldnd, farmdn-barddri k., tdbi- 

ddri yd itdat k. 
Obedience, «. farmdu-barddri, tdbi- 

ddri, itdat, tabidt, hukm-barddri. 
Obedient, a. farmdn-bai-ddr, hukm- 

barddr, tdbi-ddr. 
Obediential, a. muta'alliq-i-tdbiddri, 

itaat-mansiib. 
Obediently, ad. farmdn-bardari se, 

itdat se, tabiddri se. 
Obeisance, w. taslim, saldm,. dddb, 

kornish. 
Obeyer, n, mdnne w., bajd-ldne w., 

qabiU k. w., khdtir-men-lane w., 

tdbi-ddri k. w. 
Obfirm, V. mustahkim yd mazbiit k. 
Obfuscate, v. andherd k., ghanghor 

k. 
Obfuscation, n, andherd k., ghan- 
ghor k. 
Obit, n, tajhiz-o-takfin, kiriyd-ka- 

rdm. 
Obituary, n. wdfd-ndma, faut-ndma. 
Object, V. rokna, itirdz yd taaruzk., 

uzr k. 
Object, n, mafiU, garaz yd matlab, 
murdd^ maqsad^ 



Objector, n, mutariz, hujjati, girift- 

gir, rokne w. 
Object-glass, n. shai-mansiib shisha, 

diirbin Wtigaira kd wuh shisha jo 

shai ke qarib ralitd hai. 
Objurgation, n, jhirki, sarzaniBh, 

nialdmat. [wdld. 

Objurgatory, a. jhirki-kd jhirakne 
Oblate, a. qutbon par chipta ya 

dabd hud. 
Oblation, n, nazr yd niyaz, qurbdn. 
Oblation cr, n. nazr k. w., niyaz k. 

w., qurbdn k. w. 
Oblal ration, n, bhunkndr, garaj yd 

ghurgrdliat. 
Oblectation, n. khufihi, ikhurrami, 

bashdshat, hnzz. 
Oblige, V. wdbasta k., majbiir, nd 

guzir yd be-bas k., indyat yd ihsdn 

k., mamniin, ihsdn -ni and, minnat- 

ddr yd markdn-i-niinnat k., rdzi 

k. yd khdtirddri k. 
Obligation, w. farz, farziyat yd wu- 

ji\b, shart, ahd, mashrdt, iqrdr, 

indyat, ihsdn, minnat. 
Obligatory, a, wdjib, zanir. 
Obligee, n, wuh ehaksh jiskd ddsrd 

koi kisi sh^rt yd ahd ke rtl se 

wdbasta ho. 
Obligement, w. farz, shart, ahd. 
Obligcr, n. wdbasta k. w., majbiir k. 

w., ihsdn k. w. 
Obliging, p, ba murawwat yd kha- 

liq, sdhib-i-akhldq yd Ijihushi akli- 

Idq, mihrbdn. 
Obligingly, ad. insdniyat yd muraw- 
wat se, khulq ahliyat, mulaimat 

yd muldmat se. 
Obligingness, w. zor, tawajjuh, 

khulq, akhldk yd insdniyat. 
Oblique, a, kham yd kaj, nd rdst. 
Obliquation, n, nd-rasti tirchhdi. 
I ObU(\\ie\y, acl. t^\\x«L^i\*Q,\\i^ ^^^ 



OBS 



191 



OBS 



Obliquity, n, ndrasti, khara y^ kaji, 

be-rabi, gum-rahi, be-atwdri. 
Obliterate, n, bakk -k., mabv k., 

mausiikh k., ghisna, paemal ya 

barbad k. 
Obliten.t'on, w. hakk, mabv, pdemdli. 
Oblivion, n, nisyan ya faramoshi, 

aM. 
Oblivions, a. faramosh-kar, bbiilak- 

kar, bbuldii ya bisraii. 
Oblong, a. mnstatil, kitabi, murab- 

ba-i-mnstatil, arz se lamba. 
Obion gly, ad, mustatilana, mnrabba- 

i-mustatil siirat se. 
Obloquy, n, bnht^n, malamat yd 

tan, gibat jra tiihmat. 
Obloquions, a. tan-dmez, purtan, 

maldmatgar. 
Obluctation, w. mnqdwamat, muqa- 

bala zidd yd tarruz. 
Obrantescence, n, gum-zabani, su- 

kiH yd kbdmosbi. 
Obnoxious, a, mustaujib, sazawar, 

rautabammil yd Idiq, makriib nd- 

gawdr yd nd-guwdr. 
Obnoxioiisness, n, zimma-dari, sa- 

zdwdri, zimmagi yd jawabdahi. 
Obnubilate, v. gbangbor k., andbe- 

rd k. 
Obnubilation, n. andherd k. 
Obreption, w. chupchdp yd anjdn 

men dbirc se cbaldana. 
Obscene, a. be-sliarm yd be-bayd, 

fdbisb. 
Obscenely, ad. fabislidna, fulish se, 

mugallazana. 
Obsceneness, 'Obscenity, w. fubsb, 

fisq, sbabwat, masti. 
Obscure, a. tira, tdrik, mugliiq, 

gum -nam, be ndm-o-nislidn. 
Obscuration, n, tarik-sdzi, andlierdk. 
Obscurely, ad. tariki se yd tariki 

men igldq se yd sdf sdf nabin. 
Obscureness, Obscurity, n. tariki, 

zulmat, igldq, piiihani, gnm-ndmi, 

gair-masbbiirhdiat, past bdlat. 
Obscurer, n. tdrik yd muglaq k. w., 

posbidd k. w., haii-an yd paresbdn 

k. w. 
OhBccration, n. iUiydj'd dar kbwdst, 

iltimds, minnat yd istiddd. 
Obaecratovy, a.iltijdk. w., multasim. 



Obscquent, a. farmdn-bardar, hukm- 

barddr, liukmi. 
Obsequious, a. farmdn-bardar, buk- 

mi yd muti, muldim yd tabi-dar, 

cbdpliis. 
Obsequious, ad, tabi-ddri-se. 
Obsequiousness, w. farmdn-barddri, 

itdat, tabiddri. [karam. 

Obsequy, n. tajhiz-o-takfin, kiriya- 
Obsequious, a. tajbiz-o-takfin-man- 

sub, mutd'al liq-i-taj b iz-o-t akfin . 
Observe, v, nigdb k. yd nazar k., 

muldhaza yd gaur k., libaz k., 

kbabar-rakbnd yd farmdnd, man- 

nd, kbdtir men-ldnd, amal men- 

Idnd. 
Observe, a. ydd rakbne kc qdbil, 

wdjib ul-ydd, wdjib-nl-muldbaza, 

masblmr, zdbir, wdjib-ul-gaur. 
Observance, n. muldbaza, adab yd 

tazim, takrim, tauqir, pd-bosi, 

itdat, farmdn-barddri. 
Obsei-vancy, n. tawajjub, itdat yd 

libaz. 
Observanda, n. wdjib ul-muldbaza- 

asbyd, wdjib-ul-ganr asbyd. 
Observant, a. mutawajjib, multafit,^ 

hosbiydr, kbabar-ddr mustaidd^ 

farmdn-barddr, bukmimuti. 
Observation, n. nigdb, murdqaba 

gaur, sliarb, libaz, muldbaza, guf- 

tar, quaul, maqiila, itdat, farmdn- 
barddri. 
Obscrvator, n, nigdb yd nazar k. 

w., muldbaza yd gaur k. w., 

kbabar rakbne w., farm due w., 

mdnne w., kbdtir-m en-lane w., 

bajd-ldne w. 
Observatory, n, rasad, marsad, jde* 

i-sitara-bini. 
Observingly, ad, ba-tawajjub yd ba- 

gaur, ba-bosbyari yd ba-kbabar- 

dari. 
Obsess, V. mubasara k., gber lend. 
Obsession, n, mubasara, gber lend. 
Obsidional, a. mutd'alliq-i-muliasara. 
Obsignate, v. mustabkim k., sabib 

k., tasdiq k., mazbiit k. 
Obsignation, n. ta(\arruv-v-\s^-"ttcs5ikv5:. 



OBT 



192 



occ 



Obsolete, a. mansiikh, gair istiinal, 

batil, be-rawiij. 
Obsolescent, a, qtrib-kbarij-i-isti- 

nial. 
Obsoleteness, n, hdlat-i-mans\ikhi, 

halat-i-matruki. 
Obstacle, n, maniyd hail, ar, rok ya 

rok tok. 
Obstancy, n. muqabala, mnzahmat. 
Obstetric, a, ilin-i-tazlid so mansiib, 

ilm-i-taulid. 
Obstetricate, v. clai janai ka kam k., 

qabila ka kam k. 
Obstertrication, n. nlida-i-dai-janai 

yd iihda-i-qabila, dai-gari. 
Obstinate, a, miitaniarrid, gardan- 

kash, sar-kash. 
Obstinacy, n. gardan-kashi ya inad, 

be-adbi ya sar-kaslii. 
Obstinately, ad. isnir se, sakhti se. 
Obstinateness, a, israr, sar-kashi, 

magrai. 
Obstreperous, a, buland awaz, danga- 

baz. 
Obstreperousness, n. buland-awazi, 

slior, nara, gaiiga ya gul gapard. 
Obstruction, n, farz, alid ya sliart 

tamassuk. 
Obstruct, V. masdiid k., band k., 

rokna, takliir k.' 
Obstructor, n. hail, mani, muzahim, 

hdrij, band k. w. 
Obstruction, n. atkao, rukao, ruka- 

wat, rok-tok, muzahamat. 
Obstructive, a. mani, hail, rok. 
Obstupefy, v, bc-hawas k., be-hosh 

k., be-wuqiif k. 
Obstupef active, v, be-hawas k. w., 

be-hosh k. w., be-wuqiif k. w. 
Obtain, n, tahsil k., paida k., hasil 

murawaj rakhnd. 
Obtainable, a. ydftani, mumkin-ul- 

husiil, muyassar. 
Obtainment, w. tahsil, husiil, yaft. 
Obtend, v. roknd, arnd. 
Obtcncbration, andliera. abr ki tari- 

ki, tiragi. 
Obtest, !?. iltijd k., iltirads k. 
Obtestation, n, istidd yd iltimds, 
j'hljd jd iltimds. 
Obtroctation, n. had goi ya gib at, 
talxmai yd buhtdn. 



Obtrude, t». ghuserndydghus-parnd, 

diisre ke bind man aur bind piichhe 

ddlna, kahnd yd age dharnd. 
Obtruder, n. ghuscrne w., ghus- 

parne w. 
Obtrusion, n. ghus-paith, mnddkha- 

lat-i-ba-zor. 
Obtrusive, a. ba-gair ijdzat yd ba- 

gair buldyeghus-pa;ne w., shokb. 
Obtruncate, v. uzw, izw, azii, yd azo 

kdt-ddlnd, kdtnd yd kdt-dalud. 
Obtund, V. kund k. 
Obtuse, a, kondan, bc-wuqiif, ahmaq 

kund yd munfarija. 
Obtuseness, n, kundi, susti, kdhili, 

ahmaqi. 
Obtusion, n, kund-sazi, kundi. 
Obumbrato, n, sdya k., ghanghor k. 
Obumbration, w. andherd k. 
Obvention, n. drizi shai, ittifdqi na- 

fa yd fdida. 
Obvert, v, sdnme phenid, sdmne k. 
Obversant, a. "wdqif yd agdh, mahir, 

yd dshnd. 
Obverse, n, sikke ke jis taraf sir kd 

naqsha ho. [rukh k. 

Obvert, v, kisi taraf ko phirdnd, 
Obviate, v, bachdna, tdlnd, mana k., 

biiz r., rah mdrnd. 
Obvious, a. zdhir, sdf, dshkara, 

kliuld, sarih, ranshan. [ban. 

Obviously, ad, zdhiran, sdf sdf, sari- 
Obviousness, n. zahiir, sardhat, tau- 

zih. 
Occasion, n, bdis, wdstd, zunirat, 

darkdr, wdqia, ghdt, waqt. 
Occasion, v. paidd k.,ldnd, barpd k., 

uthdnd. 
Occasional, «. ittifdqi, drizi, gah- 

gdhi, waqti, sababi. 
Occident, n, pachchham, pachchhami 

mulk. 
Occidental, a, magrabi, pachchhami. 
Occiput, n, qafd, guddi. 
Occision, n, mdrddlnd, qatal karna. 
Occlude, V, band karna, bliefnd, 

miindnd. 
Occult, a. poshidd, chhipa, gupt, 

makhfi, muglaq. 
Occultation, n. ilm-i-haydt men wuh 

\ se g{u\) \\oVcc \\^\, ^^\^vi Ya. \x ^^., 



GEO 



193 



OFF 



Occupancy, n. tasarruf, tamalluk, 

dakhl, qabza. 
Occupant, n, malik, qdbiz, dakhil, 

bashinda. 
Occupation, n. kam, dlianda, kaj, 

pesha. 
Occupier, n. qabiz, mutassarrif. 
Occupy, V. amal k., dakhl k., qabza 

k., tasarruf k., daba rakhna, biid- 

o-basli k., bhai-na. 
Occur, V. bona, waqia h., sarzad b,, 

waqu h., zahir b. 
Occurrence, n, waqia, hddisa, sanibd, 

ittifaq. 
Occursion, v. takkar, kbatpat. 
Ocean, n. samnndar, babr-i-muhit. 
Occellated, a. cbasbm numa, ankb 

ki si. 
Ocbimy, n, amekbta dhat. 
Ocbre, n. pili niitti, puraiya, gerii- 

niitti. 
Octagon, fi. musamman, hasbt pab- 

lii sbakl, atbkoniya sbakl. 
Octangular, a. musamman, atbko- 
niya. 
Octave, n, kisi teobar ke bdd atb- 

din talak ji dtb wen-din. 
Octavo, 71. atbwarqe ke juz ki kitab, 

hasbt warqi. 
Octennial, a, atb baras men ek bar 

hone wala, basbt-sdla. 
October, n. Isdwi sdl ka daswan 

mabina. 
Ocular, a. ba diasm dida, ankb se 

dekba biia. 
Oculist, n. kabbal, satbiya. 
Odd, a. phut, bejor, ajib, zaed. 
Od(ily, ad. bejori sie, ajabtarah se. 
Odds, w. farq, tafawat, bicb, kauii, 

besbi ziyadati. 
Ode, n. gazal, rekbta, qasida. 
Odious, a. karib, makriib, gbinaona, 

najis, napasand, nafratangez. 
Odium, n. adawat, kina, karabiyat, 

nafrat, gbin, dokb. 
Odoriferous, a. kbusbbiidar, muat- 

tar, subds. 
Odorous, a. kbusbii, muattar, subds. 
Odour, w. bii, gandb, mabak, kbush- 

bu. 
CEcumenical, a. amm, alamgir, dlam 

masbkdr^ sarbmay. 



CEliad, n. cbasbmak, ishara,- kai|- 

kbi, gamza. 
Of, prep, se, ka, ke men. 
Off, ad, se, par, se, diir. 
Offal, n. fuzla, akbor, ajbri antri. 
Offence, n, gundb, jurm, taqsir, dos, 

aib, zarar, ^raz, iza, ranjisb, be- 

zdri, riitbdi. 
Offenceless, a, be-gunab, be-qasiir, 

bbola, masum. 
Offend, r. be-zar k., ranj dena, iza 

d., taklif d., kbijanu, zarar pabun- 

cbdna, gunab k., qusiir k., hath 

cbalana. 
Offender, n, gundhgdr, dsi, kbdti, 

muzir, taqsirwar. 
Offensive, a. zabiin, bura, zisbt, 

karib napasand miifsid, muzirr, 

cbarba. 
Offensively, ad. zubiini se, nakbush 

sazi se, miiziyan, nuqsani se, 

cbarhai se. 
Offer, v. samne r., dend, tawazu k., 

dene lagnd, yd cbbabna, qasd k., 

pesb-nibad, mustaidd b., bal k., 

qurban k. 
Offering, n. qurbani, bal, nazr, niyaz, 

charbawa, badiyd. 
Offertory, v. nazr dibi, nazr, niyaz. 
Office, w. kbidmat, ubda, kam, ami, 

ibaadat ka qdniin. 
Officer, n. uhdadar, abl-i-khidmat, 

abl-i-kdr, mansabdar. 
Official, a. buziiri, bdkimana, kbid- 

mati, mudmalati. 
Official, n. uhddddr shaklis; dini 

hdkim. 
Officiate, a. iwazi yane kisi aur ka 

kdm.insirdm k., niydbat k., kam 

anjam k. 
Officinal, a, diikani, attari. 
Officious, a. mihrbdn, insdnbakbs, 

fuziil halbalyd; talab ke madadgdr. 
Officiously, ad. mihrbdni se, betalb, 

madadgari se, fuziil kbidmati se. 
'Officiousness, n. fuziil kbidmati, fu- 
ziil i, balbal, bagair talab ke ma- 

dadgdri. 
Offing, n. kindre se samundar ki 

tbori diir. 
Offset, n. V^^«Xi, ^^\\Stvk. 



1 



OMN 



194 



OPE 



Oft, Often, Oftentimes, Ofttimes, ad, 

bdrlia, aksaiauqat, kai bar, dafa- 

tan, barbar. 
Ogle, V. kanakhijon deklmd, gamza 

karna. 
Ogling, n. kankbi, jliAnoli, tirclihi 

nigab, asbwa. 
Oglio, n, dopiyaza. 
Ob, int, ab, ob, aewae, bae. 
Oil, n. tel, rangan. 
Oil, V. tel malna ya lagana, cbik- 



nana. 



Oilincss, n. cbiknai, teliyabat, dub- 

niyat, cbiknabat. 
Oilman, n. teli, raugan aur acbar 

farosb. [cbiknd. 

Oily, a. rangandar, raugani, teliyd. 
Ointment, w. zamad, lep, marbam, 

mom-raugan. 
Old, Olden, a. purana, qadim, biirbd, 

salkburda, dini. 
Oldfasbioned, a. qadim-ul-waza, qa- 
dim an a. 
Oleaginous, Oleose, a. raugani, cbik- 

na, tcliya. 
Olfactory, a. masbmiimi. 
Oligarcbical, a, saltanat-i-siira se 

muta'alliq. 

Oligarcby, w. saltanat-i-siira, wnb 

saltanat iis men cband sliakbs 
«i — — • 

imiani masbwarc se bukiimat yd 

intizam karen. 
Olive, 71, jalpae, zaetiin. 
Olive brancb, n. sulba ki nisbdni. 
Ombre, n, ganjifa jo tin sbakbs mil- 

kar kbelte bain. 
Omen, n, yam an, fal, sbugiin. 
Ominato, v. palile se daldlat karna, 

pesbnumai k. 
Ominous, a, sbugiin fall, peslmuma, 

fal-i-nek yd bad, manhiis. 
Omission, Omittance, n, bbul, cbiik, 

sabii, qusiir, gafili. 
Omit, V. bbiil jana, cbiik jand, 

cbhorna, faro-guzasbt k., gdfili k. 
Omnifarious, a, barqismi, sab taurkd. 
Omnific, a. kbdliq-ul-kuU. 
Omniform, oi, hamd-sbakal, kul- 

sbaklon kd sd. 
Oninjparity, n, timin, bardbari. 
Omuipotence, n, qiidrat, qddiri, qnd- 



Omnipotent, a, qddir-i-mntlaq, kir- 

digar. [bdziri. 

Omnipresence, n, sarbast, sabkabin, 
Omnipresent, a, lidzir-o-nazir, sab- 

kabin, bdzir yd maujiid, dana-o- 

bind. 
Omniscience, w. ilm-i-kull, ilra-i- 

gaib, bamadani. 
Omniscient, a. dlim-ul-gaib, hama- 

ddn, ddnd-o-bind. 
Omnivorous, a, sab ka kbanc-wdla, 

bama-kbor. 
Omnium, n, bait-ul-mdl yd daulat 

iam ki jama. 
On, 7>r. par, upar, bar, ko, men, 

nazdik. 
On, ad, k%Q barbke. 
Once, ad, ekbdr, ek dafd, ekbcr, i%^^ 

pesbtar, sdbiqi — (at once) ekbar- 

g\, dafatan. 
One, a, ek, yak, wdbid, ckkjv, ek- 

sbakbs. 
Oneirocritic, n, muabbir. 
Onerary, a, bdrddr, bojbddr. 
Onerate, v, Iddnd, bojb r. 
Onerous, a, bbdri, girdn, saklit, gair 

barddsbt. 
Onion, n, piydz, basal, gatbd. 
Only, ad, sirf, mabz, faqat, nira, 

kbdli. 
Onomancy, n. kisi ndm ke buriif ko 

parbkc pesbgoi k. 
Onset, n, bamla, mdr, wabla, balla, 

daur-takkar. 
Ontology, 91. ilm-i-mauji\ddt. 
Onward, ad, dgc barbke, pesbtar, 

batadrij. 
Onyx, n, sang-i-sulaimdni. 
Ooze, V, cbabld, kicbar. 
Ooze, V, risnd, jbarnd. [la. 

Opaque, a. kasfi, nd-sbaffdf, dbundh- 
Open, a, kliuld, kusbddd, wdz; zdhir, 

dsbkdrd, rausban, be-sadd, be: 

bis s dr. 
Open, V, kbolnd, pasdrnd, pbaildnd, 

udberrnd; zabir k., kasbf k., bat- 

Idnd, dikbdnd; cbirnd, kdtnd, sbu- 

rii k., kbilnd. 
Opening, n, sbigdf, dardr, rdh, shn- 

rii, ibtidd. 
Opemxvg, ad. 7»^vc«x\, Vcvxv^^ VccoSk, 



OPU 



195 



ORI 



Openness, n, kushadagi, safai, sada- 

gi, zaliin. 
Opera, n. natak. 
Operate, v, asar k., tasir k., kam k., 

amal k. 
Operation, 7i. asar, tasir, kam, amal, 

karguzari, liarkat, kar-i-jarrah, 

jaiTahi, 
Operator, n. fail, kargar, karguzar; 

jar rail. 
Operose, a. ranjawar, dusliwar, mili- 

nattalab. 
Opiate, n, kliwab-baklish dawa, ma- 

jun-i-afyiin. 
Opinion, w. rae, fikr, zann, qiyas gu- 

man, kliiyal. 
Opinionative, a, kliiid-rao bin pa- 
sand, magra. 
Opium, 71. afira, tiriyaq. 
Opponent, n. mukhalif, muddai, 

harif. 
Opportune, a, bar-waqt, ain-waqt, 

bamauqa, munasib, muwaiiq. 
Opportunity, n. fursat, waqt, qabii, 

mail all; mauqa. 
Oppose, V. mukhalafat k., muqawa- 

niat k., muzahamat k., muqabala 

k., rokna, atkana. 
Opposite, a. samne, muqabil, ru-ba- 

rii, bar aks, mukhalif, zidd. 
Opposite, n, mukhalif, diishman. 
Opposition, n, muqabalat, muqawa- 

mat, muyialafat, tarruz. 
Oppress, V, satana, zulm k., jafa k., 

zabardasti k. 
Oppression, w. zulm, zabardasti, 

jabr, taddi, jaur, sitam, aziyat, 

zulm iy at. 
Oppressor, n, zalim, sitamgar, jafa- 

kar, mardum-azar. 
Opprobrious, a. mulamati, dushna- 

mi, may lib, zabiin. 
Optative, a. khwahish-numa, muta- 

manni. 
Optics, n, ilm-i-manazara-o-'maraya. 
Optional, a. ikhtiyari, marzi-ki mu- 

tabiq. 
Opulence, n. daulat, tawangari, mal- 

dari. 
Opulent, a. daulatmand, tawangar, 

maldar. 
Ojy c, j'd, Id, chdho, na, war-na. 



Oracle, n, sukhan-i-khudai; dana, 

aqil. 
Oral, a, zubani, munh-bola. 
Orang-Outang,. w. jangli admi, niai- 

miin. ^v^ 

Orange, n, naran gi, naranj, sang- ^ 

tara, kaula. ,. , , " , , 

Oration, n. sukhan, guftdr,' taqrir,^. , 

khitab. i [dazwar. 

Orator, n. sukhan-saz, ' pardkz^ par-/ 

khush-taqrir. ^^ .• • 

Oratory, w. sukhanrani, zabanawari, 

khushtaqriri, fasahat; • ibadat- 

khana. 
Orb, n, charkh, daira, kura, gardiin. 
Orbation, a. niahriimi, bekasi, nuq- 

san, zawal. [khana. 

Orbit, n, daur, daira, gardish, chash- 
Orchard, ». bag, bagicha, samristan. 
Ordain, v. thahrana, muqarrar k., 

farman k.. 
Ordeal, n. ag ya pani se azmaish. 
Order, w. tartib, tadbir, intizamj 

qaida, qaniin, hukm, farman; 

qaum, zat, darja, mart aba- 
Order, V. tartib k., intizam k., hukm 

k., farmand, muqarrar k. 
Orderly, a. ba-tartib, arasta, ba-« 

qaida, sakin. 
Ordinance, n, shara, qaniin, qaida, 

ain, hukm. 
Ordinary, a. rasmi, amaU, raij, cha- 

lani, am, past, haqir. 
Ordinate, v, muqarrar k., qaim k., 

baqaida ya badastiir. 
Ordination, n, taqlid. 
Ordnance, n. top, top-khana. 
Ordure, n, giili, cliirkin, bishtha. 
Ore, n. filizz, madani, dhat. • 
Organ, w. alat, azii, arguniin. 
Organize, r. tarkib k., murattab k., 

arasta k. ' 
Orgasm, n. nagahan, josh, malola, 

yaka yak jumbish ana. 
Orgillous, a, magriir, niutakabbir. 
Orgies, n. badmasti ke sath aish 

aslirat karna. 
Oriental, a, mashriqi, shai'qi, piirbi. 
Orifice, 7i. munh, siirakh, chhed. 
Orighi, I n, as), bunyad, bekh, ' 
Original, \ masdar, nasU ua^sa^bv 



OUT 



196 



OVE 



Original, a. asli, zati, jibilli, auwal, 

pahla. 
Originally, ad, ibtidaan, asalatan, 

auwalan, pahle. 
Originate, v, paida k., maujiid k., 

wajiid pakarnn, shuni h., asl 1. 
Orison, n, namdz. piija. 
Ornament, n. zeb, zebdish, zewar, 

ziant, araish. 
Ornament, v, drasta k., zeb o-zinat 

d., araish d., sanwarna. 
Ornamental, a. ardishi, zebawar, 

zinat-bakhsb. 
Ornamented, a. drdstd, mnzaiyan, 

zebddr, mnbddr, murassd, rangin. 
Ornithology, n. tazkirdt-i-tuyiir, 

parind-ndmd. 
Orphan, n, yatim, murhd. 
Orpiment, n. zi^rnikh, hartdl, zard 

sankhiya. 
Orthodox, a. miimin, dinddr, rdst. 
Orthography, n. rasm-i-khatt, imld. 
Oscillation, n, duldo, jhulao, thar- 

thari. [lend. 

Oscitancy, n. angrdnd, janwahi 
Oscitant, n. angrdne w. 
Ostensible, a, zdhir, numdydn. 
Ostentation, n, khiidnumdi, tafakh- 

khur, Idfzani. 
Osteology, n, haddi kd baydn, tash- 

rih-ul-izdm. 
Ostracise, v, jildwatan karnd, desh 

nikdl dend. 
Ostrich, n. shutnrmnrg, sahdmirg, 

garhur. 
Other, p, diisra aur, gair, digar. 
Otherwise, ad, nahin-to, warna wa- 

gar-na, aurtarah-se, kuchh-aur. 
Ought, w. kuchh, koi-chiz. 
Ought, V, chdhiye, znriir, Idzim, 

Idiq, wdjib. 
Ounce, n. ddhi-chhatdnk, do-told. 
Our, Ours, p, hamdrd, apnd. 
Ourselves, p, ham, dp, dpas» 
Out, ad. bdhar, beriin ; khdrij, biij- 

jhd gayd, kharch hiid, pukdr-ke. 
Out, int. diir I chale-jdo! chal-nikalo! 
Outcast, n. dwdra, khdrij, mardiid, 

rdnda. 
Outer, a, bdhari, beriini. 
Outlandish, a, ajnabi, garib, bera- 



Outlaw, w. khdrij -i-shara, bagi, wa- 

jib-ul-qatl. 
Outlet, n, nikds, bardmad, munha- 

nd, makhraj. 
Outline, n. naqsha, khdkd, dhdncha, 

khaiTd. 
Outlive, V, jitd-rahna, ziydda jind. 
Outnumber, v. hisab-men ziydda h., 

adad-men barhnd. 
Outrage, n, zulm, sitam, jafa, jaur, 

zabardasti. 
Outre, a, be-andazd, fazul, ajib. 
Outright, ad, fauran yd bila tawaq- 

quf, yakbdrgi, tamamtar, sdrd. 
Outrun, V. daur-men pichhe k. 
Outside, n, bahar, upar, bdhar-taraf, 

zdhir, siirat. 
Outstrip, V, pichhe, chhornd, nikal- 

jdnd. 
Outward, a, bdhari, beri^ni, zahiri. 
Outwardly, ad, zahiran, siirat dna, 

dikhdi-men. 
Outwit, V, kdn kdtnd, fareb-se hara- 

nd. 
Oval, a, andd-sd, baizawi, bdddmi. 
Oven, 91. taniir, tandiir, bhdr. 
Over, pr, lipar, par, bald. 
Over, ad, par; ziydda, afziid, beshi — 

(against) riiburii, sdmne — (ar^ 

over) bdrbdr — (again) digarbdr, 

bdr. 
Overanxious, a, bisydr andesha-ndk, 

fuziil fikrmand. 
Overawe, v. dardnd, dabdnd, dahshat 

dend. 
Overbalance, r. jhukad, wazn-men 

ziydda h. [dast. 

Overbearing, a, tunak-mizdj, aabar-» 
Overboard, ad, jahaz se bahar. 
Overcast, v, chhdnd, andherd k. 
Overcast, a. andherd, ghanghor. 
Overcharge, v, ziydda qimat char- 
hand; ziydda bojh d., jsl bhama. 
Overcome, v. magliib k., fatah k. 
Overflow, v, chhalakna, umadna, 

labrez h., saildb k. 
Overflown, a. umda hiid, diiba hiia, 

labrez. 
Overgrown, a. bahut barh^gaya, 

phail-gayd. 
Overhaul, v. phir dekhnd, phir . 



OVE 



197 



PAG 



Overhear, v. sun lend, cliup cliap 

sunn a, sukhan-chin h. 
Overjoy, v. bahut khush k., bag- 
bag k. 
Overjoyed, a, khiishdil, dilshad, bag- 
bag. 
Overlay, y. dabana. 
Overleap, v. par-kiidna, kdd-parna. 
Overload, v. bahut bojh charhana, 

bhari k. 
Overlook, v, dekhna, nazar k., taf- 

tish k., chashm-poshi k., darguzar 

k., anakani k., gaflat k. 
Overmuch, a. bahut, nihayat, hadd- 

se ziyada. 
Overnight, n. pahlirat, auwal-i-shab, 

guzri rat. 
Overplus, n. barhti-ziyadati, baqiyat. 
Overpower, v. magi lib, k., zer k., 

daband. 
Overrate, v. ba-qimat, ziyada andesha 

k., wajibi-se-ziyada samajhna. 
Overreach, v. thagna, daga d., 

fareb k. 
Overrule, v. zabt-o-rabt k., hukii- 

mat k. ; radd k., katnd. 
Overrun, r. tdkht k., taraj k., wiran 

k.; phailjana. 
Oversee, v. nigahbani k., taqaiyud 

k., nazar k. 
Overseer, n. peshkar, daroga, kar- 

guzar, nigahban. 
Overset, v. ulat d,, ya jana, aundha- 

nd, wazgiin k. 
Oversight, w. chiik, galati, bhiil; 

nigahbani, nazar. 
Oversleep, t?. dertak-sona, bahut-so- 

jand. 
Overspread, v. chhdnnd, phailana, 

bhama, saildb k. 
Overstock, v. bharpiir k., pdtna. 
Overt, a. zdhir, dshkar, khula. 
Overtake, v, pahunchnd, pakar lend, 

bardbar and, magMb k. 
Overthrow, v. gird d., ulat d., pae- 

mal k., shikast d. 
Overthrow, n. shikast, hazimat, 

kharabi, pdemdli. 
Overture, n, arz, bdt, sawdl, izhdr- 

matlab. 
Overturn, r. ulat d., palat d., aundh- 

dnd^ zer-zabar k. 



Ovei-whelm, v. dabd d., ya marna, 

dubdnd, garq k. 
Oviparous, a, anddz, ,andel, baiz- 

guzar. 
Owe, V. dhama, dharand, qarzdar h. 
Owl, n, ullu, biim, penchd, ghiighuH. 
Own, p. apnd, khud-ka, nij-kd, 

khass. 
Own, V, apnand, malik h., tasarruf 

r. ; qabiilna, iqrar k., qail h. ; da- 

wd k. 
Owner, w. malik, khdwind, sdhib, 

wdris, haqqddr. 
Ox, n. badhiya, bail. 
Oyster, s, kastiira, sudaf. 



P. 



P, Angreziharuf tahajji kd solhwan 

hariif. 
Pace, n. qadam, gdm, raftdr. 
Pace, V, ahista chalnd, qadam-se 

ndpna. 
Pacific, a. sulh-saz, salim, milapi, 

mulaim. 
Pacification, n. musalaha, taskin, 

mildp. 
Pacificator, n, muslih, sulh-dar, tas- 

kin-dih. 
Pacified, jt?a. tliandd, salim, dramida. 
Pacify, V. thanda k., tasalli d., tas- 
kin d., sulh k. 
Pack, n, gattha, basta, bojh, bar; 

ganjifa, jathd, taifd. 
Pack, V, gatthiydnd, bandhnd, kas- 

nd, lapetnd. 
Pack-cloth, n. bethdn, lifdfd. 
Packet, n. potli, gatthi, pulinda, dak 

ki thaili, jahdz. 
Packthread, n. sutli, dori, rassi. 
Pad, n. gaddi, khogir, naram-rau 

ghord. 
Paddle, w. bathiyd ddnd. 
Paddle, v, bathiyd mdrnd, dbbazi k. 
Padlock, w. tdld, qufl. 
Paddy, n. dhdn, dhdni. 
Pagan, n. but-parast, mushrik, kafir. 
Paganism, n. but-parasti, shirk, 

kufr. 
Page, n. khawass, guldm; safha, 
, sahifa. * \:^^- 



PAL 



108 



PAR 



Pageantry, «. numaisli, hashmat, 

cihuin dluini. 
Pagoda, n, but, biit-khana. 
Paid, a. ada-kija, diya-gaya. 
Pail, n, dol, dohiii; katliauti. 
Pain, 71. dard, dukli, ranj, pir, azar. 



gam. 



Pain, V, duklina, dukhana, pirana, 

dard k., dukli d. 
Painful, a. pur-dard, dard-angoz, 

dukli-dayi. 
Pains, n. mihnat, sai; dard-i-zib. 
Paint, n, rang, raugan;gaza, safeda. 
Paint, V. rang d., ya bharna, naqshA 

taswir, sliabih khincbna; bayan k. 
Painted, a. munaqqasli, raijg kiya. 
Painter, n. rang-saz; naqqjisli, mu- 

sauwir. 
Painting, n. rang-saz; ilni-i-naqqcislii, 

taswir-naqsb. 
Pair, n, jora, juft, jot. 
Pair, V. jorna, juft k. ya li., milnd, 
Palace, n, daulat khan a, bargali. 
Palanquin, Palankeen, n, palki, nal- 

ki. [zaiqa. 

Palatable, a. mazadar, laziz, khush- 
Palate, n. tiilu, niaz^q, kani. 
Palative, a, laziz, kliusli-zaiqa. 
• Pale, n. khaniba, dandii. mekli; bar, 

liadd, zard, pila, dhundlila, khuslik. 
Paleness, n. zardi, pilai, phikai. 
Palisade, n, katalira, katligliara, 

bara. 
Pall, n. cliaddar, kafan. 
Palliate, v, uzr se kliafif k., taklifif 

k., lialka k. 
Pallid, a. zard, nila pilii. 
Palm, 71. tar, kliajiir; fatah; hathcli; 

kalf-i-dast, char angul. 
Palma-Christi, n, arand, rendi, rand. 
Palmistry, n, dast-shimisi, samud- 

rik. 
Palpable, a. qabil-ul-lams, zahir, 

sarih, shadid. 
Palpitate, v. dharakna, dhardhara- 

nii, dhakdhakana, kampna. 
Palpitation, n. dharak, dhardliara- 

hat, khafagan. 
Palsied, a. falijdar, mafliij, shall, 

sitangi. 
Palsy, n. fallj, raslia, shall, sitang, 

laqwa. 



Paltry, a. nakara, nikamma, past, 

haqir. 
Pamper, i-. chhakkar-kliilana,naz^|^'^ 

niamat-se piilna, ser k. 
Pamphlet, w. risala, chlioti kitab. 
Pan, n. taba, tas, ka;ahi basan; pi- 

yala-i-bandiiq. 
Panacea, n. ilaj-i-mutlaq. 
Pancake, n. malpua, kiiku. 
Pander, n, bliarwa, kutna, dallal, 

qaltaban. 
Pandiculation, i\ jamhai, angrai. 
Pane, n, aimi, parkala, shisha-i- 

chaugosha. 
Panegyric, n, ma<lah, saua, tarif, 
, wasf. 
Panegyrist, n, maddah, sandkhwan, 

tarif. 
Pang, n, ranj, alam, koft, nazii. 
Panic, n. haibat, haul, hiras. 
Panncl,7i. takhta-i-chaugosha; painal. 
Paunier, n, jhauvva, tokra. 
Pant, V. hamphna, tarasna. 
Pantaloon, n, paijama, izsir. 
Pantheon, n. sab deof aon-kii mandir. 
Panllier, n. chita, pilang. 
Pantry, n, bhanddar, anbar-khana, 

modi-khan a. 
Pap, n. sar-i-pistan; lapsi, Mpri, 

faliida. 
Papa, 71. baba, bap, pidar. 
Paper, n. kagaz, qirtas. 
Paper-make)-, n. kagazi, kagazgar. 
Par, 72. musiivvat, barabari. 
Parable, n, masal, tamsil, mutasha" 

bih. 
Parabolical, n, tamsil-war, tamsil- 

sc-kaha hua. 
Parade, n. numaish, hashmat, dhiini* 

dhiim; qawaid-gah; saf-gab, mai- j 

dan. 
Paradise, n, firdaus, jinnat, bihisht^ 

adan. 
Paradox, n, bat jo zahiri men baid- 

ul-aql malum ho, tarif khilaf-i- 

zahiri 
Paragraph, n. fiqra, qita, fasl. 
Parallel, a. barabar, musawi. 
Paralogism, n. sabab-i-be-haqiqat, 

burhan-i-ndrast. 
Paralysis, n, falij, rasha, shall, 

laqwa. 



PAR 



199 



PAR 



Paralytic, d. mafli^, shall, adhangi. 
Paramount, a, bara, sad r-iii shin, 

bartar, aulatar. 
Paramour, ??. yar, ashnii, ashiq, 

mashiiqa. 
Parapet, 'n. fasil, kangura, sin a 

pan ah. 
Paraphrase, n, tarjuma-ba-tafsil, 

tafsir sharah. 
Parasite, n, Idinshamadi, tnfail. 
Parboil, v. nimjosh k., adkachcha 

pakand. 
Parcel, n, basta, buqclii, pnlinda, 

g.athri; piira, hissa, qata. 
- Parch, V. bhiinna, biryan k., jluilas d. 
l*arched-grain, n, bhiijna, khil, 

liiryan. 
Parchment, n, raqq, meshi, dafti. 
Pardon, n. muaf, afii, amarzish, 

bakhshish. 
Pardon, v. muiif k., afii k., bakhsh- 

nd, dargnzar k. 
Pardonable, a. qabil-ul-afu, laiq-i- 

miiaf, mazur. 
Pare, v, chhilna, katarna, tarashna. 
Parent, n. ma yd bap, walid ya 

walida, walidain. 
Parentage, n, asl, nasi, nasab. 
Parental, a, walidana, padari, ma- 

dari, farzandi. 
Parenthesis, n. jnmla-i-mutariza. 
Parergy, n. adna chiz, nachiz. 
Parget, n, lep, lewar, plastar. 
Paring, n. katran, chhilan, tarasha. 
Parish, n. padri ka m ah alia ya ta'al- 

luqa. [shabahat. 

Parity, n, barabari, mnsAwat, mii- 
Park, 71. ramnd, shikargah, mirg- 

sala; topahana. 
^^tiftdby, n. jawab-sawal, gnft-o-gii. 
"^mKament, n. qaximi majlis; di>Yan- 

i-am-o-diwan-i-khass. 
Parlour, n, dardalan, dalan. 
Parole, n. qaul, iqrar, nhd-o-paiman. 
Paroquet, n, tuti, siia, tota. 
Paroxysm, n. naiibat hdlat, bari, 

marz ki ziyadati yd galba. 
Parricide, n, qatl-i-pidar; qaiil-i-pi- 

dar. 
Parrot, n, tota, tiiti, slid. 
Parry, v, dr d., bach and, dafa k., 

baz r. 



Parse, ?». tarkib k. 

Parsimonious, a. juzrasi, tnngdasti, 

kifdvati. 
Parsimony, n. juzrasi, tangdasti, 

kam-kharchi. 
Parsley, ??. ajmod, knrafs, bastdni. 
Parson, n. padri, khddim-i-din. 
Part, w. ])ara, qata; juz, bahra, his- 
sa, bakhra, bhdg; taraf, janib; 

kam amal, khidmat. 
Part, V. bdnlna, hissa k., taqsim k., 

judd k. yd h., tornd, tiitnd; 

chhomd, tark k., den a; widd k., 

rukhsat 1. 
Partake, v. hissa 1., sharik h. 
Partaker, 7i. hissa-ddr, sharik, sdlhi. 
Partial, a, taraf-ddr, janibdar, mdil. 
Partiality, n. taraf-ddri, janibddri, 

mdil; be-insdfi. 
Partially, ad. taraf-duri se, nd-tamd- 

mjhia. 
Participate, v, hissaddrh., sharik h. 
Participation, «. hijjsa-ddri, shard- 

kat, bahraddri. 
Participial, a. ism-i-fail; ism-i-fail- 

mansiib. 
Participle, n. ism-i-fail; ism -i -ma fill. 
Particle, n, zarra, reza, shamma; 

harf. 
Particular, «. khdss, makhsiis, nd- 

mutlaq; mufrad, mufassal; jijib, 

tulifa; hawaddr, hamrtiz, hamdam. 
Particularly, ad, mnfassalana, tafsi- 

Idna; khususan; nihdyat, bagdyat. 
Partisan, n. tarafddr, ddmangir,rafiq, 

sargaroh; ek qism kd ganrdsa. 
Partition, ??. taqsim, tafriq iqtisdm ; 

hijdb, diwdr, tdkht. 
Parti et, n, galuband, murgi. 
Partly, ad. kuchh, thord, kuchh-ck , 

juzwi. 
Partner, n. sharik, musharik, Irissa- 

ddr, bakhraddr. 
Partnership, n. shardkat, shirkat, 

mushdrakat, shdmilat, sdjhd. 
Partridge, n. titar, dnrrdj, kabak. 
Parts, n. wasf, istiaddd, iirdsat, 

idrak; sitrdf, aqalim. 
Parturition, n, jannd, paiddsdzi. 
Party, n. majlis, garoh, jamdat, 

jathd, risdld; ta^af, jdnib; fariq; 

shakhs. 



PAT 



200 



PAY 



Party-coloured, a. rangdrang, guna- 

gun, biiqalmun. 
Pass, V. jana, clialna, guzarna, par 

k.; jata rabna, guzar-jana, dkhir 

h.; nibarrnd, katna, gawaua; jdri 

k., muqarrar k.; tark k., chhorna, 

ziyada h., raij h. 
Pass, w. gali, gliati, naka; pai'wana; 

zarb. 
Passable, a. qabil-i-guzar; aisa- 

waisa, bain-bain. 
Passage, n. guzr, rawarau, gazara, 

rasta, rah; sair, safar; zamane-ki 

guzarisb; maqal, maqala. 
Passenger, n, musafir, rahgir, rahi, 

sawar. 
Passion, n. kliasliam, gazab; shauq, 

isliq, shahwat, josh; liawa-o-ha- 

>vas, nafs; arzii. 
Passionate, a. atashmizaj. tundklio, 

zudranj, garam, drziiniand. 
Passive, a. miitabammil, burdbar; 

mafiil, majhiil. 
Passport, n. rawana, parwana-i- 

rahdari. 
Past, a, guzasbta, guzara, gay a, 

salaf, raazi. 
Paste, n. leyi. 
Pasteboard, n. wasli, dafti. 
Pastern, n. theuna, ghore ka gluitna. 
Pastime, n, tamaslia, bazi, khel, 

tafarraj. 
Pastor, n, cliaupan, hadi, mursliid. 
Pastoral, a, chaupani; mursliid-kd. 
Pastry, n. sambosa, khaja, nan-i- 



raiigan. 



Pasture, n, charagah, alafzar; char a, 

charai. 
Pat, a. laiq. shaista, durust, thik. 
Pat, V. zarb-i-subuk marna, thapna. 
Patch, V. jorna, paiwand lagana. 
Pate, w. sar, sir, kbopri. 
Patent, n, sanad, farmdn, parwana, 

barat. 
Paternal, a. pidari, pidarana, abdi. 
Path, n, rah, rasta, bdt, sarak. 
Pathetic, a. dil-soz, dil doz, jigar- 

doz, jan guddz, dard-angez. 
Pathless, a. be-rdh, beguzar, be- 

tariq. 
Pathos, n, hararat; jan-guddzi, kha- 

tirkashi, lutf. 



Patience, w. sabr. sabiiri, tahaininul,! ?: 

slukeb, bardasht, burd-bari. 1 ? 
Patient, a. sabir, sabur, muthammil, 

shikeba, burdbar. I 1 

Patient, n. mariz, muj tabid. 
Patiently, ad, sabr-se, burdbari-se, 

shikebana. 
Patriarch, n. buzurg, pesbina. 
Patrimonial, a. maurusi, mirasi, 

abai. jaddi. 
Patrimony, n, mirasi, irs, milk. 
Patriot, n. watan-dost, sabib-i-bub- 

ul-watan. 

• 

Patriotism, n. watan-dosti, hubb-ul- 

watan. 
Patrol, n. sharb-gard, p4aban-i-sbab, 

haris-ul-lail. 
Patrol, 71. murabbi, dastgir, bami, 

pusbtiban, waliniamat. 
Patronage, n. murabbigari, dastgiri, 

himayat, pusbti. 
Patronise, v. dastgiri k., liimayat 

k., murabbi b. 
Patronymic, a. abai-laqab ya kbitab. 
Patter, v, parparana, tapak mama, . 

cb a r cb aran a. • [yrL 

Pattern, ?i. namiina, namiidar, pesb- 
Paucity, n. kamti, ghatti, qillat. 
Pauper, w, muflis, narddr, miskin, 

faqir. 
Pause, n. waqfa, tawaqquf, faragat, 

shubha, shakk, taraddud. 
Pause, V, tawaqquf k., faragat k., 

fikr k., taraddud k., taammul k. 
Pave, V, farsb-bandi k., kbaranja 

bandhnd. 
Pavement, n. farsh, kbaranja, rasdt 

pattar-se bandha hua. 
Pavilion, n, khaima, shamiyind, 

sdyabdn. 
Paw, n. panjd, cbangul, paon. 
Pawn, V, girau r., girwi r., marhiim 

r., ribn k. 
Pay, n, talab, tankhwab, mailing, 

mushabira; saliydnd, rozina; maz- 

diiri. 
Pay, V. ada k., patana, guzar k., 

qimat d., takfif k., jarimana d., 

marnd. 
Payable, a, dena, wdjib-ul-ada. 
Payday, n. tankhwdb-ka roz, talab- 

kd din. 



PEE 



201 



PEN 



Paymaster, n, baklislii, khazanclii. 
Pajiwent, n, ada, palai, guziirisli, 

ajr, wafa. 
Pea, n, matar, dan a. 
Peace, n. Bulha, salali, musalaha, 

ashti; aman, aram. 
Peaceable, a. snlh-andosh, siilim, 

mulaim. 
Peaceful, a, asiida, sakin, be-fasad, 

cliiip. 
Peace-maker, n. sulli-kar, musUh. 
Peach, n, shaft-ahi, arii. 
Peacock, n, mor, talis. 
Peahen, n. morni. 

Peak, n, clioti, sar-i-koh, qulla, nok. 
Peal, n. gargaraliat, tantanaliat. 
Pearl, n. moti, durr, liilii, gaulinr. 
Pearly, a. motiha, durrasa, gaiihar- 

war. 
Peasant, n, ganwar, kisan, dihqani, 

rostai. 
Peasantry, n, dihqani log, ganwar. 
Pease, ». pZ. matar, khisari. 
Pease-cod, n. matar-ka-chhilka. 
Pebble, n. sangrcza, kankar, roni. 
Peacancy, n. bad-khasiyat, bad- 

khaslati, sharr, jurm. 
Peck, V. chugna, choncli marna. 
Pecktoral, a. sadri, sine-ka, chlia- 

ti ka. 
Peculiar, a, khass makhsiis, ajib, 

nirala. 
Peculiarity, n, khasiyat, khusiisiyat. 
Pecuniary, a. naqdi, zar-mansiib. 
Pedagogue, n, listad, muddaris 

mullsL [go. 

Pedant, n, alim-i-khudfarosh, lugat- 
Pedestal, n. pde-sitiin, buu-i-sitiin. 
Pedestrian, n. piyadarau, pa-piyada, 
Pedcstrial, a. qadmi, panw se man- 
sub. 
Pedicle, n. danthi, danthal, siiq. 
Pedigree, n. nasb, asl, silsila. pushta. 
Pedlar, n. bisati. pheri-wahi, dast- 

farosh, khurda-farosh. 
Peel, V, chhilna, chhilka ntarna, 

Idtnd. 
Peel, n. chhal, chhilka, post. 
Peep, n. nazar, jhank; nur-ka-tarke. 
Peep, V, jhankna, nazar-ana, nikal- 

dnA, [sharif. 

Peer, n. hamsar, hamqadr, amir, 



Poorago, n. ami'irat, shanifat; nnir;i, 

slun-ala. [sani. 

Peerless, a. bo-nnzir, bo-misjil, l;i- 

Pc'ovish, a. chirchira, ziidraijj, tu- 

nuk-mizaj. 
Peevishness, n, cLiichirahat, zi'id- 

ranji. 
Peg, n, mckh, khnnta, khnTjti. 
Poll', n. mal, daulat. 
Pellet, 71, gulela, guUa, goli. 
i Pellicle, n. jhilli, jala. 
I Pell-mell, ad, badmasti sc, he-tar 
j tibi se, abtari so, 
j Pellucid, a, shaft af, saf, nirnial. 
' Pelt, V. phenk-marna, jhonkna ya 
girana. 
Pelvis, n. kokh, pcrii, pae-shikam. 
Pen, 71. qalam, kliama, Ickhni. 
Pen, V. band k., nnindna. likhnii. 
Penal, a. sazai, taziri, ibrati. 
Penalty, ?i. saza, tawan, jarimana, 
i dand. 

j Penance, 7i. kaftini,. tauba, tazir. 
I Pence, n. paisa. 

i Pencil, 71, mii-qalam, salai, surme- 
; k a- qalam. 
Pendant, ?i. aweza, jhnmka, karan- 

phul, nishan, badnuma. 
Pending a, nmallaqi, multawi, be- 

faisala. 
Pendulum, ?i. ghari ka latkan, ya 

Ian gar. 
Penetrable, a. mnmkin-i-nafuz, nafz- 

pazir, chhedne-jog. 
Penetrate, i\ chhedna. choijkna, 
ghnsna, dakhl k., daryaft k., 
samajhna. 
Penetration, 7i. dnkhl, nafnz ; tez, 
fahmi, ziraki, finisat. 
: Peninsula, ?i. jazira-nuina. 
I Penis, 71. falan, alat, znkar, dandi. 
': Penitence, w. tauba, nadamat, paj?hc- 
I mani. 
Penitent, n. tauba-kar, nadim, pa- 

sheman, mustagfir. 
Penitentiary, n, qaid-khana, tauba- 

gah. 
Penknife, w. qalam-tarash, chaqi'i. 
Penman, w. khush-nawish; musan- 

nif, katib. 
Pennatc, n. paranda, parand, pardar, 
pankl\d'vU\ 



PEO 



202 



PER 



Pennnnt, n. pharalira, dhaja, nislian. 
Peiinilt^SH, a. be-zar, iiuiflis. 
Penny, n. Angrezi-paisa — (weight) 

do-rat ti. 
Pension, n, wazifa, wajh-i-gnzran. 
Pensioner, n, wazifa-dar, jagir-dar, 

rozina-dar. 
Pensive, a. miitafakkir, fikr-mand, 

mutaanimil, dilgiri. 
Pensively, ad. fi kr-mandi ya tafak- 

knr se, taammul se. 
Pensivcness, n. fikr mandi ya ta- 

fakkur. 
Pentachord, n. panj-tara, panchtara. 
Pentagon, n, miikhammas, panj- 

goslia. 
Pentagonal, a, panj-goslia, panj- 

gosha-dar. 
Pentahedral, Pcntahedrous, a. panj- 

pahlii, panj-pahlii-dar. 
Pentameter, n, nazm-i-khams-ul- 

rukn, mukhammas. 
Pentangular, a. panj-gosha, panj- 

gosha-dar, panch-kona, mukham- 
mas. 
Pentarchy, n. panch shakhson ki 

milkar hukiimat ya badshdhi, 

saltanat-i-khiffnasi. 
Pentateuch, n. tauret, hazrat Miisa 

ki tasnif ki hui panch kitaben, 

kutub-i-hazrat Miisa, ydne Pai- 

daish, KhuTiij, Ahbar, Ginti, anr 

Istisna. 
Pentecost, n. Yahiidiyon ka ek 

tehwar. 
Penthouse, n, sayaban, osdra. 
Pentice, n. osard. 
Pen tile, n. khapra. 
Penultimate, a. ma-qabl-i-akhir, ek 

chhor kar akhir. [»aya. 

Penumbra, n. nim-sayd, kisi qadr 
Penury, n, muflisi, iflas, tilii-dastl, 

tang-dasti. 
Penurious, a, khasis, bakhil, tang- 

chashm, tang-dil. 
Penuriously, ad, kliissat, bakhili, 

bukhl tang-cliashmi. 
Penuriousness, w. khissat ya bukhl, 

bakhili, tang-dili, tang-chashmi, 

qillat, tan gi. 
Peon, n. piyada, nankar, cliakar, 

chaprdsi. 



People, w. khalaiq, klialq, khalq-ul- 

h'lh, qaum, awamm-un nas^ amm 

log, ashkhas. 
Pepper, n, filfil, mirch. 
Pe])pering, a. garm, tund niizaj, 

gussa-war. 
Pepperbox, n, filfil-dan, mirch-ddn 

ya mirchdani. 
Peppercorn, n. rai ka dana, koi be- 

haqiqatshai, na-ehiz. 
Pepper-gingerbread, n. masala aur 

ddi dal-Jiar bani hiii roti, adi yi 

Bonth dal-kar bani hui roti. 
Peppermint, w. podina, nana. 
Peptic, a. hazm-awar, huzim. 
Peracute, n. nihayat tez, bnrran. 
Peradventure, ad, ittifaqan, mabada. 

shay ad. 
Peragration, w. kisi hdlat ya masa- 

fat men se guzar. 
Perambulate, v. sair k. ya gashtk., 

nazar jarib-kashi ya masahat k. 
Perambulation, n, guzar, sair aur 

nazar-ya-nigah. 
Perambulator, n. diiri napne ke liye 

ok pahiya. 
Fercase, ad, mabada, shayad. 
Perceive, v, hawass-i-khamsa se dar- 

yaftk.ya jiinn?', dekhna, maliimk. 
Perceivable, a. malisiis, hawass-i- 
khamsa se, daryaft hone ke qabil, 

zahir. 
Perceiver, n. hawass-i-khamsa se 

daryaft k. w., dekhne w. 
Perceivance, n, quwwat-i-daryaft, 

daryaft karne ya tajwiz kaine ki 

taqat. 
Perceptibility, n, daryaft paziri. qa- 

biliyat-i-idrak, hawass-i-khamsa 

se daryaft hone ki qabiliyat. 
Perceptibly, ad, zahiran, zahir men, 

dekhne men. 
Perception, n. qnwwat-i-idrak yd 

quwwat-i-daryaft, khiyal ya tas- 

sauwar. 
Perceptive, a, hassa, mudrik, dar- 
yaft karne ki taqat rakhne w., 

samjhan-hdr. 
Perceptivity, n, quwwat-i-idrak, 

q\iwwat-i-daryaft. 
Percipient a, mndrik, hassa, daryaft 

karne ki taqat rakhne w. 



PER 



203 



PER 



Perchance, ad, ittifaqan ya qazaan, 

sbayad. 
percolate, v. chhunna, nitLdrna ya 

nichorna. 
Percolation, «. cLliana yd clihanai, 

nithra ya nithrai. 
Percuss, v, takkar mama, thokar 

marna. [kar. 

Percussion, n, zarb ya sadma, tak- 
Percutient, a. takkar marne w., 

thokar marne w. 
perdition, n, tabahi ya barbadi, kha- 

rabi ya nuqsdn. 
perdu, a. nihayat kharab, majn^n 

yd khashmnak. 
Perdulous, a, zai yd gaya-guzra, 

barbad. 
Perdurable, a. daimi, derpa, qaim, 
Perdurably, ad. ba-dawam, alad-da- 

wam. 
Peregrine, a. ajnabi, began a, gair- 

mulk ka. 
Peregrination, n. musafarat ya safar, 

gair mulk men biid-bash. 
Peregrinator, n, musafir, saiyah, 

rdhi. 
Perempt, v. halak k., barbad k., ku- 

chalna. 
Peremption, n. halaki, kuclialna. 
Peremptory, a. muqarrar, be-shakk 

ya natiq ya la-radd. 
Peremptorily, ad, yaqinan, albatta, 

zariiratan, natiqan, qataian ya 

biz-zariir. 
Peremptoriness, «, qati'at, istihkam, 

zuriirat. 
Perennial, a. mahi daimi, mudami, 

derpa ya paedur. 
Perennity, n, mudawamat, dawam, 

la-zawali, paedari. 
Pererration, n, sair, siyahat, mulkon 

kl sair. 
Perfect, a. tamam, kamiliyat, mu- 

kammal, be-nuqs, be-aib, pak ya 

tahir mahir, fazil ya sdhib-i- 

kamal. 
Perfecter, n, mnkammil, tamam yd 

mukammal k. w. 
Perfection, n, kamal, tamdmi, fazi- 

lat, takmil, kamaliyat. 
Perfectional, a, mukammal, tamdm- 

shud^ kdmil kiya hua. 



Peifectionate, v. tamam k., kiimil 

k., mukammal k. 
Perfectionist, n, kamal yd kamaliyat 

ka dawd k. w. 
Perfective, a, kdmil k. w., mukam- 
mal k. w., tamam k. w. 
Perfectively, ad, kamil, mukammal, 

tamam karne ke taur-se. 
Perfectness, n. tamdmi, intiha, tak- 
mil ya kamdl, maliarat. 
Perfidy, n, be-imani, namak-hardmi 

yd kLiydnat, be-wafai, gadr ya 

dagd-bazi. 
Perfidious, a. be-imj'.n, namak-ha- 

rdm yd bcwafp, kliain, daga-bdz. 
Perfidiously, ad, be-imdni se, namak- 
hardmi se, bewafdi se, khiydnat se. 
Perfidiousness, n, namak-hardmi, 

be-imdni yd be-wafdi, dagd-bazi. 
Perflate, v, dr-par phiinknd. 
Perflation, n. dr-pdr phdnkna. 
Perforate, v, chhednd yd barmdnd, 

sahid, chhed karna. 
Perforation, w. siirdkh yd rakhnd. 
Perforator, n, siija, barmd, barmi. 
Perforce, ad, jabran, bazor, zabar- 

dasti se, zor se. 
Perform, v, bajd-ldnd, karna, add k., 

kdmydb h. 
Performable, a, honhar ; shudani, 

kardani, mumkin. 
Performance, n, ifd, add yd ijrd, 

kirdar. 
Performer, n. fail, kunanda, baja- 

Idne w., add k. w. 
Perfume, v, khush-bo-dar k., muat- 

tar k. 
Pei-fume, n. kliush-bo, sngandh. 
Perfumatory, a. khush-bo-dar k. w., 

muattar k. w. 
Perfumer, n. attdr, itr-farosh, gandhi. 
Perfunctory, a, be-parwa, sust ya 

be-khabar, gafil. 
Perfunctorily, ad, be-parwai ya be- 

khabari se, gaflat yd gdfili se. 
Perfunctoriness, n, be-parwai, be- 

khabari, gafili, susti. 
Perfuse, v, ph ail an a, dhalnd. 
Perhaps, ad, shdyad, mabddd. 
Periapt, n, taViz, j antar. 
Pericardium, n, parda-i-dil. 
Pericranium^ u* kvk%^-v^\s. V^\'^5^'5i.* 



PER 



201 



PER 



Periciilous, a. kliatar nak, kliauf 
nuk, pur-bim. 



Perigee, n. qurb-i-zamin, qiirb-i- Perk, v. gliamand se sir utbana, 



dimya, niiqta-i-baziz. 



Perjury, n. darog-balfi, half ke satli 
jliiitbi sbaluidat, saugand-i-kdzib. 



P:: 



pabinuna ya sanwania. 



Peribelion, w. qurb-i-uftab, kisi as- Peilustration, w. ba khiibi nazaryi 

muni jism ke daure ka wuh bissa ! nigab k. 

jo tiftab ke nazdik-tariii lio. Penuaiient, a. pac-dar ya U-zawal, 

Peril, n. kbatra, biiu ya kbauf, dab- istimrari, qiyunii. 

sbat ya andesba. i Permanence, Permanency, n. pae-da- 

Perilous, a. kbatar-nak, kliauf-nak, | ri, qiyam, baqa. 



1 

r 



kbatar-angcz. 
Perilously, ad. kbatar-naki se, kba- 

tre ya kbauf se. 
Perimeter, n. jumla-tiil-budiid. 
Period, n, daur ya gardisb, muqar- 

rar zamana ya abd. 
Periodic, Periodical, a. dauri ya gar- 

disbi, mausimi, waqti ya fasli. 
Periodically, ad, muqarrar waqt par, 

bar-waqt, mausim-par. 
Periphery, n, gird, ibata, mubit, 

daira. 
Periphrasis, n. gardisb -i-lafzi, pechi- 

da-kalam yii tiil-knlami. 
Periphrastical, a. tiil-i-kalam, tiil 

tawil. 
Periplus, n. babr ya suhil ke gird 

safar. 
Peripneumonia, Peripneumony, n, 

dard-i-sbush, zatur-riya, zatus- 

sfidar. 
Perish, v. balak h., garat b., mun- 

qati h., barbad madiim, fan a nest- 

o-ntibud b. 
Perishable, a, fani, be-baqa, na-pae- 

dar, qabil-uz-zawal, fan a, pazir, 

sari-ul-intiqal. 
Perisbableness, n, be-baqai, na-pae- 

dari, Jidam-i-baqa. 
Peristaltic, a. pech-dar ya pechida, 

kirm sii ya kirm ke-manind. 
Peristyle, «. daii'a-i-sitiin, balqa-i- 

sitnn. 
Periwig, n, jhiithe balon ki topi. 
Perjure, v. jhutbi qasam khan^ ya 

jhiithi shabadat d., darog-balfi k., 

half shikni k. 
Perjurer, n. hanis, jhutbi qasam 

khane w., darog-balfi k. w. 
Perjurious, a. darog-balfi ka qusiir- 

war, jhiith qasam khane ya jhiithi 

shahudat karnc ka taqsir-war. 



Permanently, ad. pae-duri, yd qiyam 

se, derpaise. 
Permansion, n, qiyam, daw dm. 
Permeate, v. ar-par ya war-par nikal- 

jana. [pazir. 

Permeable, a. qabil-i-nafi5z, nafuz- 
Permeant, a. ar-par ya war-par nikal- 

jane w., paitbne w. 
Permeation, w. ar-par jiin^, war-pdr 

nikal jana. 
Peruiiscible, a. amelditani. 
Permit, v. qabiil k., ijazat d., riza ya 

parwanagi ya rukhsiit d. 
Permit, n. rawanna, dastak-i-rah- 

dari, parvTana-i-rahdari, ijazat- 

nama. 
Permissible, a. ijazati, riza-pazir, 

jaiz rahne ke Liq, rawa, jaiz. 
Permission, n. riza ijazat, istirza ya 

parwanagi, rukhsat. 
Permissive, a. ijazat dih, riza-bakhsh 

ya rukhsat-bakhsh, qabul k. w^ 

rawa rakbne w. ya jaiz-rakhne w. 
Permittance, n. ijazat ya manztiri, 

parwanagi. 
Permixtion, n, amezisb, ikhtilat, 

milao. 
Permutation, w. tabdil, tabaddul, 

mubadala. 
Pernicious, a. muzir^ kharabgar, muf- 

sid, zabiin, mukhil ; jald, tez. 
Pemoctation, n, sari rat jagna. 
Peroration, «. khatima. 
Perpend, v. ba-kliiibi' gaur k., ba- 

tawaj jab khiyal karna. 
Perpension, n. khayal. gaur. 
Perpendicular, a. khara, mustaqim, 

qaim. 
Perpendicular, n. khatt-i-umiid, khatt 

i-miistaqim. 
Perpession, n, bardasht, tabammul, 

sabr» 



PER 



205 



PER 



Perpetrate, v. Itarna, bad harakat k., 

murtakib li., taqsir ya khata k., 

gnnah k. 
Perpetration, n. bad kam irtikab, 

bad-fiali.* 
Perpetual, a. daimi, daim, baqi, is- 

timrari. 
Perpetually, ad, hameslia, sada, nit, 

alad-dawam. 
Perpetuate, v. daim r., qaim r., aba- 

di k., istimrari k; painda k. 
Perpetuity, n. hamesbagi, dawam, 

sadai, sabat, mudawamat. 
Perplex, v. ghabrana, harbarana, 

hairan k., pech men dalna, uljba- 

na, uljherna, azurda k. 
Perplex, a. pecbida, pechdar-pecb, 

musbkil, katbin. 
Perplexed, pa, bairan, rautashaw- 

wisb, azurda, pecb-pech, musbkil, 

dushwar. 
Perplexity, n. gbabrabat, cliaundya- 

liat, iztirab, jbanjhat, tasliwisb, 

pecb-o-tab, marpecli, dusbwari. 
Perquisite, w. yaft. balayaft. 
Perse, ad, khud, apbi, sirf, alabida- 

gi se. 
Persecute, v. satana, taklif d.. kbija- 

na, azar d. 
Persecution, n, tasdiya dena, taklif 

dena, iza dibi, dukb, kasbmakasli; 

musibat. 
Persecutor, n, jafakar, sitamgar, 

miizi, dilazar, istirabi, zalim. 
Perseverance, n, sabit qadami. dbun, 

qaim mizaji, din par istiqlal. 
Persevere, v, istiqlal, bandlma, mus- 

taqil b., tbabarna, qaim rabna, 

istimrark., niustaqil bona, rabna. 
Persian, a, fnrsi, faras se, irani. 
Persist, v, istimrar karna, istiqlal 

bandbna, mustaqil rabna, sabit 

qadam rabna. 
Persistence, n. dbun, istiqlal, sabi; 

qadami, israr. 
Persistive, a, sabit qadami, qaim, 

mustaqil. 
Person, w. admi, sbakbs, insan, 

surat, sbakl; naql, bbes, naqqal; 

fail. 
Personage, n, -bara sbakbs, umda 

shakLS; amir sbakbs» 



Personal, a. sbakbsi, zati, makbsiis, 

kbass. nij, apna. 
Personality, n. sbakbsiyat; kisi ke 

nam zikr karke, tana main a. 
Personally, a. kbud, ap, bizzat, asa- 

latan. 
Personate, v. siirat-banana, naqi 

lana, bbes k., banana, sariip ba- 
nana. 
Personification, n. majaz-i-aqli, ut- 

parecbba, kisi bejan cbiz ko jan- 

dar ya sbakbs qarar deke zabir 

karna. 
Perspective, a, ilm-i-manazare se 

muta'alliq. 
Perspective, n, diirbin, nazara. 
I^erspicacious, a. teziiazar, ztidbin, 

tez-fabm. 
Perspicacity, n, teznazri, ziid bini 

ya fabmi. [fafi. 

Perspicuity, n. sab. sat, safai, sbaf- 
Perspicuous, a. sbaffaf, rausban, 

zabir, wazib, salis, sarib. 
Perspirable, a. pasina liokar nikalne 

ke laiq. 
Perspiration, n. pasina, avaq-i-badan. 
Perspire, v, pasina nikalna, pasijna, 

bukbar utbna. 
Perstringe, v. cbbiind, dekbna, takna. 
Persuade, v. manana, mail k., salali 

d., diljamai d., targib k., ragib k. 
Persuader, n. muharrik, salab-kar, 

targib d. w. 
Persuasible, a. manane ke laiq, nasi- 

bat pazir, targib ya isbtialak 

pazir. 
Persuasion, n. manao, targib, salab- 

kari, diljamai, kbatirjamai. 
Persuasive, a. muwassir, sabib-i- 

tasir, targibi, mobna, qail k. w. 
Pert, a. cbalak, cbancbal, macMa, 

gustakb, dbit. 
Pertain, v. alaqa rakhna, muta'alliq 

b., nisbat r., mansiib b. 
Pertinacious, a. magni, kbudrai, ba- 

jidd, sinazor, kbud-pasand. 
Pertinaciously, a, magrai se, kliud- 

i-ai se. 
Pertinacity, n, magrdi, macblai, 

kbudrai. 
Pertinacy, «. tamarrud, sarkasbi, 

gard*diik\xs.bi\. 



PES 



206 



PHA 



Pertinence, n. sliaistagi, munasabat, 

muwafaqat. 
Pertinent, a. sliaista, dunist, Jdiq, 

thik, munasib,. muwafiq. 
Pertly, a. chalaki se, gustakhi so. 
Pertness-n. chalaki, shoklii, gnsta- 

khi. 
Perturbate, Perturb, v. gliabrana, 

chaundhiyana. muztarib b. 
Perturbation, n. ghabrabat, chaun- 

dhiyahat, tasbwisb, bc-kali, bc- 

qarari. 
Perturbed, a, muztarib, bckal, bc- 

qarar, mutashawwish. 
Pervade, v, paitlma, phailna, chbana. 
Pervasion, n. daramad, phailao. 
Perverse, a. ziddi, liathiU, machla, 

kajraftar, narast, sarkash. 
Pervcrseness, n, chirchirai, zidd, 

hath, sarkashi, kajrawi. 
Perversion, n. bignii. kharabi, liltai, 

bargashtagi, zalalat. 
Perversity, n, zudranji, tanukmizaji, 

badkhohi, badkhaslati, badzdti. 
Pervert, v. ultana, paltana, bigarna, 

kharab k., badrdh k., gumrah k., 

bhatkana. 
Perverter, w. kharab k. w. 
Pervertible, a. bigarne jog, kharab 

hone yd karne ke Idiq, ulatne 

jog- 
Pervicacious, a. khudrdi, hathi, sar- 

kash. 
Pervious, a. qabil-i-nafiiz. 
Peruke, n. balon ki topi. 
Penisal, n, dil-lagd ke parhna, mu- 

talaa. 
Peruse, v, mutdladk., parhna, kitdb- 

bini k., muldhiza k. 
Pest, n. wabd, mari; wabal, janjdl, 

fitna, bald * 
Pester, a. satdna, taklif d., iza d., 

dukh d., diqq k. 
Pesthouse, n. mari ya wabd ka shi- 

fd-khdna. 
Pestiferous, a. wabd-dwar, sardyati, 

mufsid, muzir, zabiin. 
Pestilence, n. wabd, mari, sardyat. 
Pestilent, a. wabd-dwar, muzir, muf- 
sid. 
Pestilential, a. wabd-dwar, sardyati, 

muzir, mufsid. 



Pestle, n. kiitak, batta, miisal, loili^ P^ 

dhenki. P'^ 

Pet, n. hath, chirchirahat, khafgi,P^ 

Iddld, pyard, duldrd. I ;' 

Petals, n. pliiil ki patti,*pakhri, P^ 
Petit, a. chhotd, pdji, haqir. ' I '^ 
Petition, n, arz, arzi, wdjib-ul-an^ W^!' 

darkhwdst, dud, binti. I''' 

Petition, v. darkhwdst k,, arzmaniz 1;,' 

k., mdngnd, chahnd. I'' 

Petitionary, a. ardasi, dariLhwast- I ' 

dmez, sail, i 

Petitioner, n. multamis, arz kame- P 

wdld, badkhwdh. I 

Petrescent, a. pathrild, sang ka sa, I' 

sakht shai, patthar honhdr, I 

Petrifaction, n. pathrdhat, pathar I' 

karnd yd bond. I 

petriiicution, w. patthar h.^kharibx 

h., bigai-nd. I 

Petrify, v. patthar sd sakht k., pat- I 

thanaid, patthar bond. | 

Petronel, n. sawar ka taraanchi. 
Petticoat, n. lahanga, suya. 
Pettifogger, n. adalat ka chhota wa- 

kil, faqih-i-faromdya. 
Pettish, a, zudranj, tunuk-mizaj, 

tund-kho. 
Pettishness, w. tunuk-mizaji, chir- 
chirai. 
Petto, n. chhati, sina; pet men, maa 

men, batin men. 
Petty, w. chliota, khurd, faro-may^ 

nich, kamina. 
Petulance, n. shokhi, gustakhi, 

be-adbi, be-imtiyazi, dhithai^ chir- 
chirai. 
Petulant, a. chirchira, dhit, magra, 

shokh, gustdkh, be-adab, be- 

lagam. 
Pew, n. girje men juda juda baithne 

ke liye gheri hiii jagah. 
Pewter, n. jast, riipjast, bidar. 
Phaeton, n. chdr pahiyadar, ek taur 

ki gdri. 
Phagedenic, Phagedenous, a. khd- 

jdne w., ghun lagd hiia. 
Phalanx, n, gol, garoh, tuman, 

jathd. 
Phantasm, n. namiid-i-behiid, bhiit, 

khiydl-i-bdtil. 
Phantom^ n, bhiit, siirat-i-wahini.. 



PHO 



207 



ric 



liarmacology, n. dawa-sazi, attari. 
'liarraacopeia, n, majiin-nania. 
*liarmacy, n. dawa-sazi, majiingari, 

^ttari. 
*liaros, n. akasdiyii, manarat, ma- 
ntra, faniis. 
^hascs, n. siirat ya numaish. 
lieasaiit, n. chakore, 
i^lioenix, n. qiiqniis. 
*lienomenon,w. ajabjiidc'ir-uz-zulnir, 

kharqi-adat. 
^liial, n. shislii. 
.Philanthropist, n. insdn-dost, kha- 

laiq-dost, sab par mihrban. 
Pliilanthropy, n. nek nihadi, insan- 

dosti, kull ki khair khwahi. 
^hilippic, n. malamat ya shikayat 

amez, kalam ya taqrir. 
?liilologer, Pliilologist, n, sarfi nah- 

wi, byakarni. 
Philological, a. ilm-i-sarf-o-nahw se 

muta'alliq, qaide. 
^liilology, n. ilm-i-sarf-o-nahw, q^ida. 
I'hilomath, n. ilmdost, ashiq-i ilin. 
^liilomel, n, bill bul, andalib, hazur- 

dastan. 
l*liilo8opher, n, hakim, failsafi, fail- 

811 f, danishmand, alim. 
Philosopher's -stone, w. aksir, paras- 

patthar. 
Philosophical, a. hakimdna, ilm-i 

munazara, raansiib. hikmat-man- 

siib, ddnishwar. 
Philosophy, n, hikmat, ilm-i-hikmat, 

miinazara, failsafa, danish. 
Philter, w. mohni, totka, akhzat. 
Phiz, n, mnkhra, chihra. yih lafz 

mazdk ke liye miistamal hai. 
Phlebotomise, v, khdn jari k., fasd 

kholnd. 
Phlebotomy, n. nastarzani, ragzani. 
Phlegm, n. balgam, k^iph, khankliar. 
Phlegmatic, a, sust-tabiyat, sard- 

mizaj. 
Phi erne. n. n ash tar. 
Phemon, n. waram, gilti, si5jan. 
J'hlogistic, a, miihriq, sozanda, 

garm. 
Plilogiston, n, khiib jalnew^Li, kimi- 

yai araq, kisii chiz ka jalucwdlfi 

hissa. [ilm-sada. 

Phonics, n. ilm-sawaat, ilm-lahja. 



Phonocamptic, a. awaz-badlaii. 
Phrase, n. bat, higat, istilahat, 

ibarat. 
Phraseology, 71, tarz-i-kalam, muha- 

wara, ibarat. 
Phrenetic, a. diwana, baola, sanddi, 

khalidimdg. 
Fhrenitis, n, josh-i-magz, diwanagi, 

sauda. [dagi. 

Phrenzy, n. diwanagi, sauda, shori- 
Phthisic, n. sil, nafs-ud dam. 
Phthisical, a. masliil, madqiiq. 
Physic, n. tabb, ' tababat ; tabibi, 

dawai, ilaj, Jul lab. 
Physical, a. tabi-i-zati, tibbi tibb 

ka ilaj se muta'alliq. 
Physician, n. tabib, baid, hakim. 
Physics, n, ilm-i-maujiidat. 
Physiognomist, n. qiyafa-dan, ba- 

shra-shinas, samudriki. 
Physiognomy, n. ilni-i-qiyafa, pa- 

mudrik, qiydfashinasi. 
Physiology, a. ilm-i-maujiidat se 

muta'alliq. 
Phytivorous, a. nabatatklior, banas- 

pattikhor. 
Phytology, n, ilm nabatat. 
Piacle, n. gunah-i-azim. mahapap. 
I'iacular, a, prachitkari, kafara ya 

taubagar, kafara, talab, niaha- 

papi. 
Piamater, n. parda-i-magz. 
Pianoforte, n. ek qism ka baja. 
Piaster, n. ek taur ka sikka. 
Piazza, n, saeban, satiinbandi chihil- 

sutiin. 
Pica, n. ek taur ka chhape kd haraf, 

ek qism ki chiriya. 
Picaroon, n. qazzkq, lutera, dakait. 
Pick. V. chhunna, intikhab k.. clum- 

lena, pasand k., khontna, utha 

lena, liitna, tala kholnu, abista 

kliana. 
Pickaxe, w. kodali, gainti, tabar, 

phaura. 
Picked^ V. tez, nokdyr. 
Pickle, n. namkin-pilni, achar. 
Pickle, V, achar banana. 
Picklock, n, jo shaklis qufl kholo, 

tala kholne ka a la. 
Pickpocket, n. jebkatra; ganthkatta, 

girihbur, kisabur. 



PIE 



208 



riL 



Picktliank, n. fuzul-kliMmat shaklis, ' 

muftkhor, klmsliiimjidi. 
Picktooth, n. dunt ki kliodni, dant ! 

kliodni, kliilal. 
Pickapack, ad. potli sa, gailiri sa, ' 

gatliija, sariklia. .' 

Pickback, ad. pith par. 
Picker, v. lutna, dakaiti k., daka-dal- ' 

na yii cliori k. 
Picnic, n. chande-ki-ziv«'ifat. 
Picture, n, taswir, siirat, sliabili, 

naqsh ya iiigar. 
Pictorial, a. inunaqqash, naqsh-man- 

siib, nigar mansiib, muta'alliq-i- ' 

taswir. 
Picturesque, a, taswir sa, taswir- 

|5iirat, naqsli-numa, taswir ki ma- 

iiind. ! 

Picturesquenoss, w. taswir siirati, 

taswir-iiuinai, uaqsli immai. 
Picturclike, a. taswir ke manind, 

taswir sa uaqsli-numii, taswir su- 

rat. 
Piddle, V, tapatoi ya tal-tol k., tiing- 

ua ya chun-chun-ke-kluina. , 

Pie, n. piiri, samosa ya sambosa. ] 
Piebald, a, gnn-ii-gun, rang-a-rang, ; 

abri, biiqalauiun, kabra. 
Piece, n. tukra, para parch a, purza, 

reza, qita, lakht ya band, insha, 

taswir, naqsh ya nigar, banduq. 1 
Piecemeal, ad, purza-purza, reza- | 

reza, tukra-tukra. ' 

Pi(»d, n. guij-a-giin, rang-il-rang ya 

biiqahmuin. 
Piedness, n. giin-a-guni, rang-a-ran- | 

gi, rang men ikhtilaf ya farq. ! 

Pierce, v. clihedna, garona, chhonk- 

na, bhonkna, par k. 
Pierceable n, qabil-i-nufiiz, nufiiz, 

guzar-pazir, guzr-pazir. 
Piercer, ?i. chhewni, chheni, barma, 

barmi, cliliedne w. 
Piercing, a, muassir ya dil-soz, bur- 
ran, tez. I 
Pirrcingly, ad. tezi se, hiddat ya , 

burrani se. 
Piercin guess, n, tezi, burrani ya hid- 
dat. 
Piety, n. taqwa, taqawat, ittiqa ya 

khuda-tarai, khuda parasti ya 

diyanat-dari, walidain-parasti. 



Pietism, n, sakht-zuhd, sakht dr 

nat-dari. 
Pietist, n sakht-ziihid, bara-purs; 
Pig, n. ghenta ya suar-ka baciich; 
Pigheaded, a. kahin sar, be-wu 

ya alimaq. 
Pignut, 71. ek qism ka jauz, mu 

phali. 
Pigwidgeon, n. pari, koi chiz jo 

l)ayat chhoti ho. 
Pig<Hni, 71. kabutarya hunuih, fiik 

ya qumri. 
Pigeon-hearted, a. buz dil ya ki 

him mat, khaiif zadii. 
Pigeon-bole, n. kluina, khutut 

kngazat rnkhne ke liye khann. 
Pigcon-livered, a. nuilaim, iiarni, 

lim. 
Pigment, 7Z. raugan, rnng. 
Pigmy, 11. biiwna, kotah-qadd shal 
Pigmean, a. bawna sa, chhota, na 

lui, thingna ya tliumka. 
Pigsney, n. chhokri ya larki ke 

])yar ki boli, nur chashmi. 
Pike, n. neza, nok ya sar, ek qisi 

machhli. 
Piked, a. nokila nok-dar. 
Pikeman, ti. bliala-bardar, ncza- 

dar. 
PikestalT, n. neza-dasta, fuladi, r 

ka dast, bhale ka bans. 
Pilaster, n. sitiin-i-murabba, char 

na khamba. 
Pilch, Pilclier, n. pashm-dar ya 

jama. 
Pile, n. ambari tuda, ya todji, inia 
Pile, 71. bal, resha, khwiib. 
I*ilc, n. sihan, ya sar-i-tir, sikkc 

jdnib ya taraf. 
Pileated. a. topi ki surat, topi sa 
Pilement, n. ambar, tiida ya todj 
Piles, n, bawasir. 
Pilfer, V. churdna ya chorana. 
IMlferer, n, chor; chotta, uthai- 

uchakka, hath-lapak. 
Pilfering, Piifery, n, chori, 1 

lapki, uthai-giri. 
Pilgnrlic, n. wuli shakhs jiske 

bimari ke bais se jhar pare 1 

garib be-kas shakhs. 
Pilgrim, n. saiyah, ziyarati, siyi 

ya saiyahi k., sair k. 



PIN 



209 



PIR 



Pilgrimage, n. siydkat ya saiyahi, 

ziyarat. 
Pilgrimize, v, ziyarat k., ziydrati sa 

ghiimna-phimji. 
Pill, n. liabb yani dawa ki goli, ko- 

karih ya makruh shai. 
Pill, V, udhema ya utAr-lena, clibin- 

na, chhinlen4 ya liitnd. 



Pinguide, a. motd, chikna. 
Pinhole, n. niliayat cliliota siirakh, 

bahut chhota ebbed. 
Pinion, v, guddi, daiua, pankb, musb- 

ken bandbna. 
Pinioned, a. par-dar, paranda, daine- 

dar. 
Pinionist, n. parand. 



Pillage, n, ganiraat, garat, takbt-o- I Pink, n, cbasbm, palak murna yd 



tdraj liit, liitpat. 
Pillager, n. luterd, garat-gar. 
Piller, n. luterd, dakii ya dakait. 
Pillar, n, rukn, pdya ya sittin. 
Pillared, a. sitiini, khambbe w. 
Pillion, n. aurat ki sawdri ke liye 



palak matkand. 
Pinkeyed, a. mako-cbashm, nargis 

cbasbm. 
Pinmaker, n. siii saz, siii banane w., 

kanta sdz. 
Pinmoney, n. kisi ki bibi ya jorii 



takiya yd narm zin. [kba. kd jeb kbareb, yd pdn-kbarcb. 

Pillory, n, cbauibar-i-gardan, do sbd- Pinnace, «. ek taur ki ndw, cbbota 
Pillow, n, takiya, balisb, balin. j jabdz, pin as. 

Pillowcase, n. takiye kd gilaf. j Pinnacle, n, burj, mandr yd kangii- 

Pilose, Pilous, a. miie-dar, paslimi, I ra. 

pur-bdl, pasbmdar. middr. j Pint, n. ek mdp jo ddb ser ke lag- 

Pilosity, n. bdl-dari, pur iniii, pasb- bbag bold bai. 



Pilot, n. dbsbinds, qdid-i-jabdz yd 

muallim, rab-numd. 
Pilotage, n. muallimi, mdnjbi kd 

uhda, kdm, tankbwdb yd kiraya. 
Pilotry, n. mdnjbi kd bunar, qaid-i- 

jabdz kd buuard, muallimi. 
Pimp, n. bbarwd, kiitna. 
Pimple, n, pbunsi, pbord. 
Pimpled, a. pbunsiyon, pboron cbbd- 

lon yd dadoron se bbard-bud. 



Pinner, w. sir kd ek kaprd, sui, yd 

kbiinti banane w. 
Pioneer, n, belddr, wub sbakbs jo 

auron ke liye H.ge rasta banatd 

ya sdfkartd cbalta bai. 
Pioning, n, auron ke liye age rasta 

banate aur suf karte cbalna. 
Pious, a. kbuda-parast ya kbuda- 

tarfi. 
! Piously, ad. kbuda-parasti se. 



Pin, w. siii, kdtb ki kil, kbiintd yd ; Pip, v. cliun-cbiin k. 
kbiinti". Pipe? w. buqqa, ya dami. 



Pin, V. ibdta k., qaid k. 

Pinaster, ». jangli sanobar. 

Pincase, n. siii kd dabbd, siii rakbne 
kd dabbd. 

Pincers, w. cbimtd, sdnrsi, miicbnd, 
moclmd, sangsi. 

Pincb, V. cbutkilend, noclmd, cbam- 
ra cb blind, dabdna. 

Pinchbeck, n. tdnbe aur daste ki 
mill bui dlidt. 

Pindust, n. filizzi, reze. 

Pineapple, n. ananas. 

Pine, n, sunobar. 

Pine, V, murjbdnd, sokbnd. 

Pinfeatbered, a. gedd, londd. 

pinfold, n. mawesbi yu adwdb ke 
liye ibdta, jdnwaron ke band rakb- 
ne ka ibdta. 



Pipe, n, sbabndi-chi, sbahndi nd- 

waz, nae-cbi. 
Piping, a. kamzor zaif ya nd-tawdn, 

garm kbaultd hud. 
Pipkin, w. mitti ki cbhoti bdnri. 
Pippin, M. ek qism ka seb. 
Piquancy, n, tezi, tursbi, ya talkbi, 

sakbti. 
Piquant, a. tez, charcharjj, hadd. 
Pique, n. bad kliTiuhi, kina, bugz, 

basad, yddaqika. 
Pique, n bezdri, kbafagi, azurdagi, 

bugz, kina. 
Pique, V. kbijana, khafd k., cbircbir- 

and, diqq k. 
Piquet, n. ganjifa. 
Piracy, n. samandar par ki dakaiti. 
Pirate, n, samandar ka dakait. 



A a 



PLA 



9A0 



PLA 



Piscaiion, a. tnaclilili pakama, ma- 

chlili marna. 
Piscatory, a, machhli se mutaalliq. 
Pisces, n. hiit, sainak, min. 
Pisciyorous, a. niuhikhor. 
Pisli, int. uff, oh, pliish. 
Pismire, n. clieonti, mor, cliinti. 
Piss, 11. peshub, baul. 
Pistachio, n. iistaq, pista. 
Pistol, 71. tnpanclia, tamancha. 
Piston, n. liirontlu'i. ! 

Pit, n. gayhii, gar, magak, chah, | 

khinh'ii. I 

Pitapsit, n. dhakdharahat, dhakdha- 

ki, tapish. | 

Pitch, 11. ral, qir. 
Pitcl], V. kliari k., barpa k. 
Pitcher, n. iiiatka, ghara, subii, thi- 

livd. 

■r 

Pitchfork, 11. jandra, panja, tangali. 
Pitchy, a, kalti, andhera, qirgun. 
Pitcoal, n. zaniin se khoda hna 

koehi, pathniya-koela. 
Piteous, a. dardangez, rolaii. 
Piteonsly. ad, dardangez! se. 
Pitfall, n, chorg^nrlia. 
Pith, n. darakht ka giida, magz. 
Pithinoss, n, zorawari, mazbiiti, 

qihTat-i-kahimi. 
Pithless, a. knnizor, asar, jhiithji. 
Pithy, a. purniagz. zorawnr, mazbiit. 
l^itiahle, a. rahm ke qabil. 
Pitiful, a. milirhan, dardmand. 
. JMtifully, ad. dard angezi, mnshaffi- 
qana; piijiana. 
Pitiless, a. be-rahm, be-dard, be- 

niaya. be-moh. 
Pitman, n. garhe ya kan men kam 

k. w., kanknn. 
Pitsaw, n. paenari, AvA, kardnt. • 
Pittance, n. kam tankhwah, wazifa, 

kafaf. 
Pity, n. rahm, dard, tars. 
I'ity, V. rahm k., tarskhand, dard- 

khana. 
Pivot, n. kila, mandwi, khiinta, 

mekh, al. 
placable, a. mulaim, halini. 
Placard. Placart, n'. farman izhar, ya 

ishtihar-nama. 
Placate, v, tasalli k., taskin karnd, 
muwAfiq karna, dilasd d. 



Place, n. jagah, mahall, makan. 
Place, V. rakhna, thahrana, bnit- 

halna. [bhola. 

Placid, a. salim, halim, nami, garib, 
Pla<idness, n. narmi, Lilm, mulai- 

mat, burdbari. 
Placit, n. hukm, amr, fatwa, 
Plagiarism, n, tasnif-cUori. 
Plagiary, n. sariq, tasnifduzd, iba- 

rat-chor. 
Plague, 71. mari, waba» dfat, wabal. 
Plague, V, mari sarayat karana; klii- 

jana, chherna. 
Plaguily, ad. chherai ya khijdi se, 

diqqsazi se; bahut. ziyada. 
Plaguy, a. taklifdih, khijaii, clilie- 

raii, hairan-gar. 
Plaid, 71. doshala, pattii. 
Plain, 71. barabar, hamwar, zaliir, 

saf, rasti, sadii, maidan. 
Plain, Plainly, ad, zaliiran saf, sd- 

dagi se. rasti se. 
Plaindealing, n, sadddili, sjlfdili. 
Plainness, n. hamwari, barabari, be- 

sakhtagi, kharai. 
Plaint. 71. istigasa, nalish, faryad. 
Plaintiff, n. faryadi, nalishi, dad- 

khwab, muddai. 
Plaintive, a. nMn. gam gin. 
I^lainwork, n. sadi silai. 
I^laister, n, marham, lep. 
Plait, 71. tah, chnnnat, shikan, chin. 
Plan, 71. mansiiba, hikmat, tadbir, 

taj'wiz. 
Plan, V. upae k., banana, utlidna, 

naqsha bandhna, naqsha thathna. 
Plancher, n. takhta. patra, lanh. 
Plane, n, randa; ek qism ka da- 
rakht. 
Planet, n. saiyara. khechar, girah. 
Planetary, a. falaki, kechari, girhi. 
Planet-struck, a, grihmard, falak 

zadd, tali-zada. 
Planisphere, n, musattah, mudau- 

war. 
Plank, 72. patra, taklitd. 
Planoconical, a. ek taraf se bardbar, 

aur diisri taraf se gaodumi. 
Plano-convex, a. chapta, kubrd, 

masiiri. 
Plant, n. nabdt, roidagi, paudba, 
per, nihal. 



h 



PLU 



211 



POE 



Plantain, w. kela, kadali. 
Plantation, n, nakhlistan, bagistan, 

basti, abadi. 
Planted, a. baithlaya liua, nasab k. 

h., muqim. 
Planter, n, naklilband, kachi, bag- 
wan. 
Plash, n. sanchd, qdlih. [k. 

Plash, V, pichpichana, pdni se dwaz 
Plashy, a. abi, jaltlial. dabra pur. 
Plasm, n, dhat-dhalne ka sancha. 
Plaster, n. rekhta, gach, poti, lep, 

marham. 
Plaster, v. gachgiri k., lipna, potna, 

clmnkam k. 
Plastic, a. dast qudrat, naqshband. 
Plat, n. musattahzamin, qata-i-mu- 

sattah. 
Plate, V. zariif-i-simi, zariif-i-nuqrai, 

tabaqcha. 
Platform, n. naqsha, takhtposh, 

chabiitard. 
Platina. n. dhat ki ek qism. 
Platonic, a. aflatiini, saf, pak, pdk- 

daman. 
Plume, n, par, guriir, takabbur. 
Plumage, n. bal-o-par, par. 
Plumeless, a. be-par, be-kalgi. 
Plumous, a. par-ddr, par-numa. 
Plumy, a. par-dar, paron se bhara 

hua. 
Plumeahim, n. ek qism ki resha-dar 

na-sokhtani madani shai. 
Plump, a. farbih ya jasim, taza ya 

taiyar, pur-go sht. 
Plumper, w. gal phulane ke liye koi 

chiz. [lawat. 

Plumpness, n. jasamat, tazagi, phu- 
Plumpy, a. farbih, tazd, jasim ya 

pur-gosht, taiyar. 
Plunder, i\ taraj k., tdkht y4 takht- 

o-taraj k., garat k. 
Plunderer, n. garat-gar, khana-bar- 

andaz, lutera. 
Plunge, V, duband, bornd, dabona, 

dubki mamd, burki marnd ya 

dubbi-mama. 
Plural, a. ma-fauq-nl-wahid, jamd. 
Plurality, n. jamiyat ya jami'at, 

kasrat-dini, ziyada ma'ash ya. 

ziyada nazr-i-aimma. 
Plurisy, n, kasrat^ ifrat ya ziyadati. 



Plush, w. ek qism ka roen-dar kapra. 
Plusher, n. ek qism ki saiuundari 

machhli. 
Pluvial, Pluvious, a. barsati, barani. 
Ply, V. mihnat k., tang ajiz ya hai- 

riin k., mashgiil rakhna, mashgiil 

rahna ya h., ba-mashaqqat k. 
Plying, n. takid, taqaza. 
Pneumatic, n. ilm-i-hawa. 
Pneumatic, Pneumatical, a. hawa- 

mansiib ya muta'alliq-i-hawa, ha- 

wai ya liawaka. 
Pneumatology, n. ilm-i-unsur-i-saya- 

laur, ilm-i-nih. 
Poach, t\ nini-josh k. 
Poach, V. shikar ke janwar churana. 
Poacher, n. shikar-chor, shikar ke 

j tin war churane w. 
Poachiness, n. tnri ya nanii, narmi, 

mulayamat ya nmlaimat. 
Poachy, a. tar ya nam, mar tub, 

naim. 
Pock, n. goti, chhala, chakta, dado- 

ra, abila, phord. 
Pocky, a. goti-dar, goti ya chhalon 

se bhara hua. 
Pockhole, Pockmark, n. dag-i-che- 

chak, sitala ka dag. 
Pocket, w. jeb, kisa, thaili, kharita. 
Pocket-book, n. jebi kitab, chhoti 

kitab jis ko jeb men rakh snken. 
Pocket-glass, n. jebi aina, jisko jeb 

men rakh-saken. 
Poculent, a, shurb ya pine ke laiq, 

mashriib, noshidani. [i;i. 

Pod, n, phali, chhimi, thonthi, dhen- 
Podagrical, a. nigrisi, niqris-dar. 
Poem, n, masnawi, qasida, rekhta, 

gazal ya sld'r. 
Poesy, n. saj', fann-i-shi'r, ilm-i- 

slii^r-nawisi. 
Poet, n. sha'ir, nazmi, nazim. 
Poetaster, n. sha'ir bacha, kam-qadr 

ya be-waqr. 
Poetess, n, sha'ira. 
Poetic. Poetical, a, slii'ri mauziin, 

mnqafFa. 
Poetize, v, nazm men likhna, sha'ir- 

ana likhna. 
Poetry, n. sha'iri, ilm-i-shi*r nawisi 

ya fann-i-shi'ri, shi'r, qasida ya 

masuaYri. 



POL 



212 



POL 



Poignant, a. tez, hadd, tundya bur- 
ran, sakht, taklif-dih ya ranj- 

awar. 
Poignancy, n. nok ya sar, tezi, hid- 

dat sakhti ya tundi. 
Point, w. sar ya nok, dori jismen 

filizzi ghundi lio. 
Pointed, a. nok-dar yd nokila, hajo 

amez, pur-nukta, hadd ya sakht. 
Pointedly, ad, nok-dari fee, hajo- 

dmezi se, sakhti se yd burrani. 
Pointedness, n. tezi ya nok-ddri, 

hiddat, tundi, sakhti. 
Point el, n. koi chiz jo nok-dar ho, 

ek qism ka qalam. 
Pointer, n. batane w., dikhdne w., 

ek qism ka kutta. 
Pointless, a. be-nok, kund, bhonthrd. 
Pointing-stock, n, angusht-numd 

shakhs, mazhaka, maskharai. 
Poise, n, wazn, ham-wazni. 
Poison, w. zahr. 
Poison, V, mufsid, muzir, bigdrii, 

kharab k. w. 
Poisonable, a, zahr-pazir, jisko zahr 

de-saken, zahr aliidd hone ke qd- 

bil, khardb hone ke laiq. 
Poisonful, a. zahr-dar, zahri, sammi. 
Poisonous, a. zahri, sammi, zahr- 
dar, zahr-nak. 
Poke, n. bora, thaild. 
Poke. V, chubhana, garond, gardnd, 

khodnd yd kurednd. 
Poker, n, khodni, kuredni, lohe kd 

(Jandd jis se kg uskdte hain. 
Poteng, a. mazdiiri karne w., pdji, 

chdpMs. 
Pole, n. qutb. 

Polar, a, qutbi, qutb ke nazdik kd. 
Polarity, n. qutb-numd, qutb ki ta- 

raf mdil. 
Polary, a, qutb ki taraf mdil. 
Polestar, n, jadi, rahnumd, rah-nu- 

md yd rdh-bar. 
Poleaxe, n, ganrdsd, ph'arsd. 
Polemic, n. buhhds, hujjati yd mu- 

ndzir. 
Polemics, n, bahas, huj jat yd takrar. 
Police, Policed, a. din ke ni se 

murattab, bd-band-o-bast, sipdhi. 
Policy, n. fann-i-amal-dari, hikmat- 

i-hukiimat. 



Politic, a, dqil yd zirak, saliib4- 

fitrat, risd-kar. 
Political, a, ilm-i-siyasat-manstib) 

dnim yd 'amiim. 
Politically, ad. ilm-i-siyasat ke ni 

se, tadbir-i-saltanat. 
Politicaster, n. adnd, ilm-i-siyasat 

ke rii se. 
Politician, w. sahib-i-tadbir, sdhib-i- 

fitrat. 
Politicly, a. riyd-kdri yd robah-bazi 

se fitrat, hile-se. 
Politics, n, fann-i-amal ddri, tadbir- 
i-saltanat. 
Polity, n, band-o-bast-i-saltanat, ni- 

zdm-i-mulk. 
Polish, v. saf k., yd saiqal k., ro- 

shan k. 
Polishedness, n, tardshidagi, chik- 

nahat, safai. 
Polishing, n, safdi, drdstagi, dnma- 

tagi, tardshidagi. 
Polislmient, n. drdstagi, durusti yd 

tahzib. 
Polite, a. arasta, durust yd tardshi- 

da, khaliq, khush akhlaq. 
Politely, ad. mulayamat, khush- 

akhldqi se. 
Politeness, n. drdstagi, nazdkat^ ta- 
rdshidagi. 
Politm'e, n. jild, chamak, jhalak. 
Pollard, n. tardsha-hiid darakht yd 

s ar-munda-darakht. 
Poller, n. tardshne w., sdhib-i-qaul 

yd riza-dih. 
Pollicitation, n, qaul yd iqrdr, wada. 
Pollinctor, w. momiya karne ke liye 

sdnidn, yd lawdzima taiydr k. w. 
Pollute, V. nd pdk, palid yd uajis k., 

dMda k. 
Polluter, n. nd-pdk, najis, dMda 

palid yd khardb k. w., mulawwis. 
Pollution, n. nd-pdk, najis, palid ya 

aliida k., aliidagi. 
Poltfoot, w. terha pdnw. 
Poltfooted, a. kaj pd, terhe paQW 

kd, terha pdwdn. 
Poltroon, n. buz dil, ndmard, zana- 

na; kamina, p^i,'diin zalil. 
Poltroonery, w. buz-dili. nd-mardi, 

dandat, kaminagi, zillat, ibtizal. 
Polygamy, w. kasjir ul-azwaji. 



POM 



213 



POO 



Polygamist, n, kazir-ul-azwaj, kasir- 

"ul-azwajidost. 
Polyglot, a. balmt zabanon ka, ka- 

sir-Tiz-zabdn-amez. 
Polygon, «. shakl-i-kasir-ul-azla, 
^ Bhakl-i-kaBir-uz-zavi ya bahut 
pablii ki siira4i. 
Polygraphy, n, hindason men likhne 
• ka ilm. 

Polyhedron, Polyedron, w. shakl-i- 
kasir-ul-azla yd bahut pahlii ki 
siirat, ek shisha jis se ek chiz 
dekhne se waisi bahut nazar ati 
hain. 
- Polyhedrical, Polyhedrons, a. kasir- 
;. ul-azla. 

f Polylogy, a. ziyada-goi, bisydr goi, 
r bakbak. 

Poly mo thy, n. bisyar-uliim-o-funiin 

se shinasai. 
Polyphonism, «. dwaz ki ziyadati, 
bisyar-awazi. 
I Polypragmatical, a. fuziil khidmat, 
^ shokh, 

I Polypus, n. daryai bisydr-pa janwar, 
■* nak ki ek bimari. 
\ Polypode, n, ek kirm, ek nabdt. 
; Polypous, a, bisyar-pa, bisyar-bekh. 
Polysyllable, n, kasir-ul-ajzae-tahaj- 

Polytheism, n. but pdrasti, kasir-ul- 

arbab, bahut dew ton ka mat, 

shirk. 
Polytheist, n. mushrik, bahut dew- 
ton ko manne w.,. but-parast. 
Polytheistic, Polytheistical, a, but- 

paras ti-m ansiib, muta'alliq-i-kasir 

ul-arbab, shirk-man siib. 
Pomecitron, n, turanj, khatta nibii, 

chakotrd. [an dr. 

Pomegranate, n, andr ka darakht, 
Pommel, n, gold gdnth, talwar ke 

qabze ka dhibkd, zin kd qdsh. 
Pomp, n. dhiimdhdm' se chalna. 
Pompatic, a. jalwa-gar, darafshdn, 

munir, raunaq-dar, khud-numa. 
Pomposity, n, khud-numai ya zdhir- 

numdi, shel^hi. 
Pompous, a. jalwa-gar, darafshan- 

raushan yd raunaq-ddr. 
Pompously, ad, jdh-o-jaldl, shaukat, 

ebikoh se. 



Pompousness, n. jdh-o-jaldl, jalwai 

raunaq, shaukat. 
Pond, n. taldb, hauz, tal, pokhar. 
Ponder, v, gaur k.. khiyal k., fikr 

ya tafakkur k., khauz k. 
Ponderable, a. wazn-pazir, taule 

jdne ke qdbil. 
Pondereal, a, waza se mushakhkhas 

kiya gaya. 
Ponderation, w. taulna, taul. 
Ponderer, n, gaur k. w., khiyal k. 

w., fikr yd tafakkur k. w. 
Ponderosity, w. wazn, girani yd 

saqdlat. 
Ponderous, a, wazn, saqil girdn. 
Ponderousness, n, wazn, girani, sa- 
qdlat. [chhami. 
Ponent, a. garbi, magribi, pach- 
Poniard, n. katar, khanjar, chhuri, 

pesh-qabz. 
Pontage, n, mahsiil jo pnlon ki ma- 

rammat ke liye diya jde. 
Pontiff, n. imam yd khalifd, Rom kd 

sarddr pddri. 
Pontifical, a. pul bandne w. 
Pontifical, a, Eom ke gardar-pddri 

ke muta'alliq, Eom ke Isai maz- 

hab ke muta'alliq. 
Pontifice, n, pul ki tdmir, pul ki 

bandwat. 
Pontificality, n, Rom ke sarddr pdd- 
ri ki hukiimat. 
Pontificate, n. khildfat, imdmat, 

Rom ke sarddr padri kd uhdd. 
Pontificial, a. Rom ke sarddr padri 

ke muta'alliq. 
Pontifician, a. Rom ke isdi mazhab 

ke muta'alliq. 
Pontone, Pontoon, w. kishti kd pul, 

ndw kd pul. 
Pony, n. ydbu, tattii, tanghan. 
Pool, n, kund, pokhar, taldb, tal. 
Poor, a. miihtdj, muflis, garib. 
Poorly, ad, tangi, iflds, be-kasi, be- 

nawdi. [kasi. 

Poorness, w. tihidasti, garibi^ be- 
Foor-spirited, a. kamina, diin yd 

past, buz-dil, kam hausla, past- 

himmat, namard. 
Poor-spiritedness, n. dandat, kami- 

nagi yd tangdili, ndmardi yd buz 

dili. 



POR 



211 



POS 



Poop, n. jahaz ke pichche ka liissa. 
Pop, n. dharka, tartar, phat pliat. 
Popgun, n, larkon ke liye ek chlioti 

bandiiq, tufang, patakha." 
Poplin, n. resliam* aiir paslim mila- 

kar bina hua kapra. 
Poppy, n. khashkhash, koknar. 
Populace, n, awamm-un-nas, awamm 

ya amm log, jumhiiri. 
Populacy, w. aw4mm-un-nds, amm 

log. 
Popular, a. awamm-un-nds ke mu- 

ta'alliq, amm am dm. 
Popularity, n. awamm-dosti, liar- 

dil-azizi. 
Popularly, ad. amiiman, dmm taur 

se, har-dil-azizi se, awamm ke 

muwafiq. 
Populate, V, dbdd k., dbddani k., 

basand, log barhana. 
Population, n. mulk ke tamdm log. 
Populosity, n. awamm-im-nas ki 

kasrat, logon ki mamiiri ya ziyd- 

dati. 
Populous, a. abdd, logon se bhara 

hua. 
Populousness, n, logon se mamiiri, 

mardiimkhezi, pur-mardiimi. 
Porcelain, n. zuriif-i-cliini, chini ke 

bartan. 
Porch, n. dibliz, riwdq, pesh-gah. 
Porcine, a. siiar ka. 
Porcupine, n. kbdr pusht, sdhi, s4- 

hil, sehi. 
Pore, n. siirdkh, masdm, man fas. 
Pore, V, chashm doklita rakhna, ba 

gaur dekhnd. 
Poreblind, Purblind, a. kotahbin, 

kotahnazar. 
Porinpss, n, pur siirdkhi, masamdari. 
Pork. n. stiar kd gosht, gost-i-khilk. 
Porous, a. pur-siirakh, masamdar, 

masamati. 
Porosity, Porousness, n. masdmdari, 

jhirjhirahat. [ra. 

Porous, Pory, a. masamddr, jhirjbi- 
Porpoise, Porpus, n, siis, siismur. 
Porphyry, n. sang-i-sumag. 
Porridge, Pottage, n. ek qism ka 

sliorba. 
Porringer, n. badiya, katora, mita, 

shorba dan. 



Pt)rt, n. kol, bandar; darwaza, pM- 

tak; chal, rawish; ek qism Id 

shurab. 
Portable, a. halka, subuk, utliAw 

jog, sahaj selejanejog. > 

Portal, w. phatak, ek taur ka taq. 
Portent, v. dalalat k., phal ji shu- 

gun kahna. 
Portent, n, badfal, nahiisat. [ni. 
Portentous, a. nahs, badfali, asligu- 
Porter, n. darban, deorhiwan; bir- 

bardar, mutiya. 
Portfolio, n. juzgir. 
Portico, w. dehliz, pesLgdh, jilo 

khan a. 
Portion, n. hissa, bakhrd, bant; qis- 

mat, nasib. 
Portliness, n, tamkanat, sanjidagi; 

tanomandi. 
Portmanteau, n. khiirji. jdmaddni. 
Portrait, n. shabih, taswir. [na. 

Portray, v. shabih ya taswir khinch- 
Pose, V, hairan k., pareshan k., 

gnabra d. 
Position, w. jagah, malibal, waza, 

tarah, daul, halat. 
Positive, a. yaqini, muqarrar, laradd, 

qati, be-sliakk. 
Positively, ad. qataan, yaqinan. 
Possess, V. rakhna, tasarruf k., 

qabza k., dharna^ 
Possession, 7i. tassarruf, amal qabza, 

zabt. 
Possessive, Possessory, a. malik, 

matqani, izafi. 
Possessor, n. mdlik, qabiz, mutasar- 

rif, sahib, darinda. 
Posset, n. achhwani, panjiri. 
Possibly, n. imkan, bona, sakht, 

dakhal, ihtimal. 
Possible, a. mumkin, bonhdr, sbu- 

dani, muhtamil. 
Possibly, ad, bil imkdn, shdid. 
Post, w. dak, dakya, qasid, kdm, 

uhda, chalna. 
Post, V. jaldi chalnd, dak men jan^, 

garnd. 
Postage, •w. ddk kd mahsiil, rasiim, 

ajiird. 
Post-chaise, n. char paliiye ki gdri, 

dak ki gdri. 
Post-date, v. barhd Ke tarikh likbna. 



'A 

u. 

y 

h 
h 

h 



P 



POT 



215 



PRA 



posteriority, n. taakhkliur, muakb- 

kharat. 
Posterior, a. maukhkhar, mutakh- 

khir, bad. 
Posteriors, n. piclihwaia. 
Posterity, n. ul, aulad, nasi, santan, 

pusht. 
Postern, n. khirki, chor-khirki. 
Post-existence, n. aqibat. 
•Post-haste, ad. buhutjaldi, ziidtar, 

dauradaur. 

Posthumous, a, marne ke bad jana 

hua, ya. bad wafat likhne wale 

ke kisi kitab ko clihapnii. 

Postillion, n, ^ari ke ghore ka sawar. 

Post-meridian, a. do-pahr din ke 

bad ka. 
Post-office, n, dak-ghar. 
Postpone, V. tulna, takliir k. 
Postscript, n. muqarrar, tatammai- 

i-khatt. 
Postulate, n. dawa-i-biladalil, dawa- 

i-farz', 
Postulation, n. daWi'.-i-biladulil. 



Potently, ad, qiiwat se, taqat se, 

zor se. 
Pother, n. gulgapara, dhiimdhdm. 
Potter, n. kumhar, kasagar. 
Pottery, n. handi, handa wg. kum- 
har ka kam. 
Pottle, n. qarib do ser ka wazn. 
Potvallant, a. nasha bahadur, pi- 

yala bahadur. 
Pouch, n. clihoti thaili. 
Poverty, n. illak, mufiisi, tangdasti, 

kangalta. 
Poulterer, n. murgban, murgfarosh. 
Poultice, n. lubdi, lopri, loi. 
Poultry, n. murg, murga, nmrgi. 
Pounce, n, chaugul, panja; dhiine 

ka chiir. 
Pound, a. changul-dar, panje-dar. 
Pound, n, adhser, das rupai ka ek 

sikka. 
Pound, V. kiitna, thonkna, chiirna, 

band k. 
Poundage, n. das rupai mol ki ash- 

rafi ka batta. 



Postnlatum, «. tarfain ka mana hua ; Pour, v. dhalna, lindelna, nithjirna. 
dawa. Pout, n. turshriii, hont latkai, ya 



Posture, n. wazi, sdrat, bhao, halat. 

Posture-master, n. khalifa. 

Posy, n. nagina par khodi hui bdt, 

gul-dasta. 
Pot, n. handi, deg, dcgcha, patili, 

tasla. 
E*ot, v. gosht wg. ko namak-o-ma- 

fiale-o-puni se sijhiikar handi 

men r. 
Cottage, w. halwa, shir, f alii J a. 
Rotable, Potulent a. pine ke qabil, 

■ pine jog, nosidani. 
t^otash, n. khar, sajji-mitti. 
lactation, n, nosidagi, maikliori. 
J^otato, n, alii, 
l^ot-bellied, a. subii shikam, tundae- 

14, barhpetd'. 
Pot-coinpanied, n. hamsharitbi, yar- 

biish, ham kasa. 
Potency, ?i. qiiwat, taqat, asar, 
- tasir. 
Potent, a, zabardast. zor a war, qawi, 

tdqatmand, mutassir. 
Potentate, n, farmanrawd, shahan- 

shah. [mumkin. 

Potential, a. •ikhtiyari, qudrati, 



munh phulana. 
Pout, r. hont latkana, munphiiU, 

turshriii k. 
Powder, n, bukni, sufiif, chiiran, 

phanki. 
Powdery, a. bhurbhuraha chiir honer 

jog. 
Powder-liorn, n. singrd, bariid-dan. 
Powder-mill, n. bariidki chakki. 
Powerful, a. zorawar, tawana, qawi, 

qadir. 
Practicable, a. kardani, honhar, 

mumkin. 
Practical, a. amali, istiamdli, raashqi. 
Practice, n. mashq, anial, rabt, istia- 

mal, adat, kho, mamiil dastiir, 

tababat, chand-mari. 
Practise, r. karna, kiya k., amal k., 

mashq k., sadhna. 
Pragmatical, a. fuzul-numa. 
Praise, n. tarif. sipas, sana, madh, 

hamd, wasf, sifat. 
Praise, v, tarif k., tahsin k., siti^ish 

sarahna. 
Praised, jt?a. sitiida mausiif, hamid, 

mustahsan« 



PRE 



210 



Prnisewortliy, a. tarif-ko laifj, wijib- ■ 

al-madii. I 

Prance, v. pliandna, kildna, kulanch 

Prank, n,kiid-p5ian<l,kaloi-alol,khel- . 

btizi. I 

Prate, v. bakna, bakbak k„ barbaj- 

ana, gap-sliap k. , ^ 

Prattle, n. bakbak, gap-shap, cho- | 

chU. I 

Pravity, n. shnrarat yii bad-zati. 
Prawn, n.jliiiigii, cliing"^- _ _ 1 

Pray, v. namaz, aalrtt, dua; myaz, I 

iltimaa. I 

Preach, v. waz k., klidtba pa:hn5. j 
Preacher, n. wuiz. waago. khatib. ; 
Preamble, n. dlbacha, tamhid, mu- | 

PrecariouH, a. ni muqarrar, beqa- 
rar beqijiii". , . , 

Procaniion, ». dqbat-andeshi, pcsh- | 
bini, tadariik. I 

pj-ecude, w. Bjjejiini'i, peshi k., mu- ■ 
qaddiim h. ' 

Proeeduiico, n. pefihi, taqdim. sabqat. | 

Precedent, M. dastilr-ul anial, namu- I 

Precedent, 1 a. poslirau, pesbin, 
Prei'wliiig, j mnqaddaiii,qa'>l,8abiq, 

auwal. 
Precept, n. hukm, amr, nasihat- 

Pruceptivo, a. hukiii-dih, nasihat 

amoz. 
Preceptor, n. ustfid, miiallim, mnad- 

dib. 
Precinct, n. hadd, aiwiiiiEi, intiha.^ 
PreciMis, •». qimati, giran-maya, 

Hziz. iiafis. 
Freci[)ice, n. dliang, kandala, tek, 

Precipitance, n. jaldi, shitib, be-Ua- 

Prec'ipiti'ite.'a. jnld, ntiola, harbarf- 

ya, be -lib a z. 
Preoi|iitnte, u. dald.. pheok d., air- 

ke bal sima yi girAni, harbari 

k.. jnldi k. 
Precipitatply, ad. jaldi-sc, bo-lihazi- 

ee, barbari-se. 
Precipitation, ». jaldi, shitib, Ujil, 

ntdoli, harbari. 



Precise, a. thik, saliih, duraat; mn- 

ayaii, muqarrar. 
Precision, n. durusti, sihhat, diqqil, 

tahqiq, yaqia, I 

Preclude, v. baz t., mabriim k., idh- 

diid r., nikal d. 
PreiioticeivG, V. ige ae saraajhni, fi 

bllJbDfi. 

Preconception, n. peeh-blni yi i^i- 

Precursor, n. peshrau, mnqaddami. 
Predeceaaor, n, peshiu, rauqaddan, 

Predestinate, v. taqdir k., mnqid- 

darr badnii. 
PrcdeBtinateil a. mnqaddar, mnnild. I 
Prddo^tl nation, fl. tiiqdir, sar-ni- 1 

visbt, qaza-o-qadr. I 

PreJostinHtor n raoqaddar, aar-nH' 

V «ht-kuulLlda. 
I^rede ten I dilation, »■ mnr&d-i-^n- 1 

taqaddim. 
Predicament, n. hul, htilat, nnnbat. 
Predicate, n. wasf, eifat, iimqiil. 
I'redict, V, agc-se-kahni, khabar-i- 

Predictioii, n. kbabar-i-gnib, peab- 

goi. 
Trod o mill an ce, n. galba, Istila, aab- 

Predominant, a. guHb, muataali, 

Predominate, v. galib h., aglab h- 

faiq h. 
Pre-eini nonce, n. aabqat, fauqiyat, 

afzaliyat, pesbi, 
Frc-emiiiont, a. afza1, mnmta^ I 

peshdast, fd.iq. 
Pre-exit, v. age-se maujiid rahna. ! 
rvp-pxifiltuce, 'I. peah-daati, wajdd- 

i-,nuq.>l.l.m. 
Preface, n, dibdcha, dibaja, muqad- 

dama. ' 
Prefatory, a. tamhidi. 
Prefect, n. Arail, hakim, nizir, di- 

roga. 
Prefer, v. paannd k., larjih d., taq- 
dim k., bihtar janna, bai-liiln&, 

aai-nfriiZ k., rakhna. 
Profe".ib!o, a. bihtar, achchha, ahsan, 

pes.it.ar. [qi. 

Preferment, n. barhti, sarfarizi, tarq- 



PRE 



217 



PRE 



Prefine, v. pfeslitar se mahdiid k. 
Prefix, V. age rakhna ya, lagan a, 

darpesh k., nagb k. 
Prefix, 71. harf-i-mashriit, adat-ul- 

jaza. 
Pr<»gnaiicy, n. liamal, abistagi, bar- 

dari, pet. 
Pregnant, n. hamila, dbista, bardar, 

pet-se. 
Prejudge, v, be kliar-o-taftish, mu- 

qarrar k. 
Prejudice, w. tassub; mail, tarafddri. 

badgumani, nuqsan, zlyan. 
Prejndicial, «. mnzirr, mufsid, ziy^n- 

kar. 
Preliminary, a. pesbrau, muqadda- 

ma, tamhidi. 
Prelude, n. tamliid, muqaddama, 

sur-milap. 
Premature, a, be-waqt, be-mauqa, 

be-mausim. 
Premeditate, v. peslibandi k., age-se 

tlianna yd fikr k. 
Premier, n, wazir-i-azam. 
Premise, v. age-se jatana, tamliid k., 

taqdim k. 
Premises, n, muqaddamat, taqaddu- 

mat, amlak. makan. 
Premium, n, inam, bakhshish, pa- 

ddsh, chotd, beshi. 
Preparation, n. taiyari, banawari. 
Prepare, v, taiyar k., arast k., mau- 

jiid k., banana. 
Preponderate, v, bhari h., gdlib h., 

taijih d. 
Preposition, w. harf. 
Prepossess, v. mail k., ragib k. 
Prepossessed, a. mail, ragib. 
Prepossession, n. mail, ragbat, husn- 

i-zani. 
Preposterous, a. bc-hiida, be-imani, 

abtar. 
Prepuce, w. galaf, chhichra. 
Prerogative, n. haqq, iqtidar, ikhti- 

yar. 
Presage, w. fal, shugiin, dalalat. 
Prescience,, n, ilm-i-gaib, peshbini, 

gaibdani. 
Prescient, a. alim-gaib, peshbin, 

gaibdan. 
Prescious, a. alimgaib, gaib-dan, 

peshbin. 



Prescind, v. kdtdulna, ikhtisar karna. 

Prescribe, v. liukm k., farmana, bat- 

lana, thahrana, muqarrar k., mu- 

aiyan k. 
Prescribed, a. mamiir, marsiim, mu- 
qarrar, muaiyan. 
Prescriber, n. farman-dih, amr-rasan. 
Prescription, n. rasm, qaida, dastiir, 

nuklisa, rasm-i-hakim. 
Presence, n, haziri, hazir-bashi, hu- 

ziir, hazrat, chihra, nazar, wajh — 

(of mind) dileri. 
Presensation, n. khiytil, muqaddam, 

tasauwur-i-peshin. 
Present, a. hazir, maujiid, riibarii, 

samhne, hal — (at) filhal, darin- 

■wila, ab. ' 
Present, n. bakhshish, inayat, ata, 

nazr. 
Present, v. dena, bakhshna, ata k., 

guzrana, nazr k., age r., zahir k., 

dikhlana; jhukana. 
Prescntative, n. nazr-i-aimma-pazir. 
Presently, ad, ab, abhi, filfaur, fau- 

ran, hala. 
Preservation, w. bachao, hifazat, 

muhufizat, himayat. [fiz. 

Preservative, a. bachaii, hafiz, muha- 
Preserve, a. bach an a, liifazat k., 

mahfiiz r., himayat d., murabba 

k., achar banuna. 
Preserve, n. murrabb>l, mdjiin. 
I rescrver, n, bachane liYala, hafiz, 

muhafiz. 
Preside, v, sadr-nishin h., sarkob h. 
Presidency, n, sadr, sadr-nisliiui, 

sardari, dar us-saltanat. 
President, n, sadr-nashin, sardar 

rais, mir-i-majlis. 
Press, V. dabna, nichorna, chhantna; 

chhapna, tang k., nichor k., takid 

k., taqaiyud k. 
Press, n. kolhii. shikanja; chhapne 

ki kal; bhir, hujum, hangama. 
Pressure, n» dab, dabao, bojh, zor, 

tangi, taaddi. 
Presume, v. khiyal k., gum an k., 

bujhna; gustdkhi k., himmat 

bandhna. 
Presumption, n. qiyas, guman, ta- 
wahhum; gustakhi, magnU'i dile- 



PKr 



218 



PRI 



Presumptive, w. kliiyali, mutasau- 

war; gustakh. 
Presumptuous, a, gustakh, sliokli, 

magriir, mutakabbir. 
Prett^nce, 7i. bahana, liila, makr, 

sakht-uzr. 
Pretend, v. baliaiia k., bat bananu; 

dawa k. [liila. 

PreLeiK^ion, n. dawj'i, dawai. makr, 
Prctentative, a. pesb azmaish pazir. 
Preterite, a, guzashtu, mazi. 
Preternatural, a. kliilaf-i-zut, bila- 

tabiat, karianati. 
Preterperfcct, a. miizi qarib. 
Preter[)lu perfect, a. niazi-ba'id. 
Pretex, v. dhanpna, chhipaua. 
Pretext, n. bahana, makr, sakht, 

uzr. 
Prettiness, n. kluibsiirati, liusn. 
Pretty, n, kbnibsiirat, latif nazuk. 
Pretty, ad. kucbli, tlioru-babut, bar- 

wajh. 
Prevail, v. jdri h., murauwaj h., 

jitua, galil) h., poshraft h., tt'isir 

k., man ana. 
Prevailing, a. juri, raij, murauwaj, 

muassir; galib. 
Prevalence, n. galba, afziini, raw.j; 

asar, tasir. 
Prevaricate, y. bat badalna, hila 

liawala k., lait-o-laall k. 
Prevarication, n. hila-hawulii, lait-o- 

laall, talmatol. 
Prevent, v. roknti, atkana, mana k., 

tli.ubna, baz r. 
Prevention, n, rok, atkao, mumanat, 

muzaliimat. * 

Preventive, a, mani, muzuhim, baz- 

dar. 
Previous, a, peshtar, pesliina, qabl, 

mutaqaddim. 
Previously, ad, age se, minqabl. 
Prevision, n, pesh bini, diir-andeslii. 
Prewarn, n. age se jatana. 
Prey, n. shikar, said, liit ganimat, 

yagma. 
Price, n. qi»iat baha, mol, dam; 

nirkh; ajr, ajdra. 
Prick, V, cliubhana, chhedna, bedh- 

nsi, garona, bindhna. 
Prick, n. siira^h, nok, chobh^, 

c'hhed. 



Prickle, n. kanta, khar, sal. 
I'ri<;kly, a, katil.j, kantaila, khSrdari. 
Pride, n. gariir, takabbur, dimag, 

kliudbini. [na. 

Pride, v. magriir h., fakhr k., phul- 
Priest, n. imam, murshid, ^batib, 

kliadim-i-din. 
Priestcraft, w. imamiy^i murshid, 

fareb. 
Priestess, n. imam a, kahina, pirara. 
Priesthood, n. imamat, mursbidi; 

im anion ka firqa. 
Prig, V. chornna. 
Prim, V. zahirdar, rasm-parwar, du- 

rust yii mu'aiyau. 
Primary, a, pahla, auwal, asli, ban- 

yadi. 
Prime, a. auwal, asli, khassa, tuMa, 

besh. 
Prime, n. sahah, bahar; shabab;liis- 

sa-i-aulatar. 
Prime, v. ranjak }ulana ya bhama. 
Primitive, n. qadim, peshin, sabiq, 

mutaqaddim, asli, zati. 
Primogeniture, n. auwal paidaisli, 

barni. 
Prince, n. shah-zada; sultan, bad- 

sliah. 
Princess, n. shah-zadi; malika;kha- 

nam. 
Principal, a, auwal, asli, sadr, pahla, 

bara. 
Principal, n. sardar, rais, jama, asl, 

piinji. 
Principality, n. saltanat, mumlakat; 

siiba. 
Principally, ac?. "khusiisan, auwalan, 

galiban, ziyada. 
Principle, n, asl, masdar, madda, 

sabab-i-auwal; bais-jihat; din, 

diy<.nat; ain. 
Print, V. chhapna, chhapa k. 
Printed, a. chhapa, chhapa hiia. 
Printer, n. chhapne wala, chhippi, 

naqq;ish. 
Prior, a, Age, auwal, pahla, muqad- 

dam. 
Priority, n. auwaliyat, peshi. taq- 

dim, taqaddum. qidamat, fazilat. 
Prism, n. manshur, maushiir. 
Prison, n. qaid-khana, zindan, ban- 

dikhana. 



PRO 



219 



PRO 



Prisoner, n. qaidi, bandhiia, asir, 

zindani. 
Privacy, w. khalwat, parda nishini, 

poshidagi, piiihania, tanhai. 
Privado, n. posliida dost. 
Private, a. tanha; maklifi, poshida, 

khass. 
Private, n. sip hi. 

]*rivateer, n. ra'iyat ka jangi jahaz. 
Privately, ad. khufiyan, clihipe- 

clihipe, tanliai men. 
Privation, n. adani, zawal, salb ya 

mazuli. 
Privative, a. ziyan kjir, adam-numa. 
Privilege, n. baqq, haqiiq; istihquq, 

barafc. 
Privily, ad, chhipuke, chup cliupdte, 

nihufta. [nihani. 

Privities, n. satr, aurat, andam-i- 
Privy, a. waqif, ugkh, khabardar. 
Privy, n. pae-kbana, ji*e-zariir. 
Prize, n. bazi, basil, sbart, muzd, 

liSt. 
Prize, V. aziz janna, tazim k., besb- 

qimat janna. 
Probability, n, ibtimul, maqiiliyat, 

honbari. -^ 

Probable, a. mubtamil, maqiil, hon- 

bar, aglab. 
Probably, ad. sbayad, kiya-jane, ga- 

liban, be-ibtimal. 
Probation, n. dalil, isbat, imtiban, 

ozmdisb, tajruba. 
Probationer, n. mubtadi, nau-amoz, 

ummedwar. 
Probe, n. salui, mil. 
Probe, V. tona, tatolna, kbodni k. 
Probity, n, diyanat, rasti, salab, 

salabiyat, Siicbui. 
Problem, n. masla, savral. 
Problematical, a. musbtaba, masb- 

kiik. 
Proboscis, n, siind, klmrtiim. 
procedure, n. raftar, cbal, waza, 

kam, amal. 
Proceed, v. cbal a, jana, guzarna; 

nikalnu, paid a b. 
Proceeding, n. kam, ami, muamala; 

mnqaddama. 
Proceeds, n. husiil, yaft. 
Process, n, raftar, ravish, waza, 

taur, muamala; gardish. 



Procession, n. tawaf, saw^ri, tbath. 
Proclaim, v, man.di k., ishtihar k., 

sbubrat d"., masbbiir k., phailana, 

dbandbora k. 
Proclamation, n. ishtihar, manadi, 

dbandbora. 
• • • 

Procline, a. jhuka hda. 

Proclivity, n. jhukdwat, ragbat, 

muil. 
Procrastinate, n. talnsj, aj-kal k., 

der k., lail-o-laall k. 
Procrastination, n. tal-matol, dj-kal, 

lait-o-laall, takbir. 
Procreate, v, jaumana, paid^ k., 

taulid k. 
Proctor, n. adalat ka wakil. 
Procurable, a, muyassar, dastyab,. 

milanhar. 
Procure, r. basil k., pana, baham 

paliuncbana. 
Procnrer, n. basil k. w., pi.ne wala, 

dallal, bhaiwa, kutna. 
Procuress, n, kutni, dallal a. 
Prodigal, n. uraii, musrif, faziil- 

kharch. 
Prodigality, n. israf, faziil-kbarcbi, 

uiai. 
Prodigious, a. bara, maha, ajib, 

azam, haibatwur. 
Prodigy, n. ajiiba, ajab-ul-ajiiib, alu- 

mat. 
Prodi tory, a. dagabs'iz, bewafa. 
Prodrome, n. pesb-rau. 
Produce, v. janna, paid a k., phala- 

na, upjana; lana. 
Produce, n. basil, mabsiil, paidaish, 

nafa, faida. 
Production,' n. paidaish, basil, phal; 

tasnif, insha. 
Productive, a. bahrawar, zarkhez, 

pbaldar, upjaii. 
Profanation, w. be-adabi, be-imtiya- 

zi, tan j is. 
profane, a. be-adab, bc-imtiyaz, na- 

pak, haram. [k. 

Profane, v. napak k., aliida k., palid 
Profection, n. age jana, peshrawi. 
Profess, V. iqrar k., izhar k., iatiraf 

kam a. 
Professed, ad, zahiran, iqrar-se. 
Profession, n, iqrar, izhar^ iatv:\>.^^ 



PRO 



220 



PRO 



Professional, a. amali, peslia-man- 

siib. 
Professor, n, mudarris, nstad. 
Proffer, v. arz k., dai-pesh k., age r.; 

chalma. 
Proficiency, n, taraqqi, talisil maha- 

rat, fazilat. 
Proficient, a. waqif-i-kar, sahib-i- 

taraqqi, amil, mahir. 
Profile, n. tasbir-i-yak-chasmi; nim- 

cljihra. [labh. 

Profit, n. Slid, faida, mnnafa, hasil, 
profitable, a, siidmand, faidamand, 

mufid, nafi. 
Profitably, ad, bc-faida, mufidana. 
Profligacy, n, badkari, fisk, fasad, 

sliararat, sbuhdapan. 
Profligate, a. badkar,^ fasiq, fajiir, 

khwar, kharab. 
Profound, a, gabra, gambir, amiq; 

Slim; barik. 
Profundity, w. gahrai, limuq; fazilat, 

kasrat-ul-ilm. 
Profuse, a, musrif, faziil-kbarch; 

ganim. 
Profusion, n. isruf, faziil-kharcbi ; 

ifrat, kasrat. 
Progenitor, n, jadd, peshina, pur- 

kha. 
Progeny, n. aulad, nasi, al, bans. 
Prognosis, n. pesli-shinasi. 
Prognostic, n, alumat, nislian, pesh- 

kbabari. 
Prongosticate, v. peshgoi k., pesh- 

khabri d., dalalat k. 
Prognosticator, w. peshgo, munaj- 

jim, fdlgo. 
Programme, n. kisi tamdshi ya jalsa 

ktt peshtar se tafsilwar ishtibar. 
Progress, n, cbal, raftar, peahrawa- 

ni; taraqqi, sair. 
Progression, n. pesbrawi, chal. 
Progressive, a. pesh-rau ya rawan, 

taraqqi pazir. 
Progressively, ad, be-tadrij, rafta- 

rafta. 
Probibit, v. man a k., nabi k., nafi 

k., baz.r., rokna. 
Probibited, a. mamniia, mani, mali- 

riim. 
Prohibition, n. mana, mumanat, 

mandbi^ imtina. 



Project, n. ijad, tadbir, mansilba, 

tajwiz, bikmat. 
Project, V, ijad k., tadbir k., man- 

siiba k. ; uge-dulna. 
Projection, w. nikal, ubbar, pesb- 

andazi, naqsh. 
Projector, n. mukbtdri, miijid, man- 

siibabaz. 
Prolate, v. kahna, talaffuz kami, 

biyan k. 
Prolegomena, n. tamhid, dibdcha^ 

tamhid, kalam. 
Proletary, n, ek amm sbakhs, razal 

sbakbs. 
Prolific, a. pbaldar, muwallid, lar- 

kori. 
Prolix, a. tawil, daraz, tiil kalam, 

mufassal. 
Prolixity, n. tiil-tawili, dardzi, tiil- 

kalami. [cb&. 

Prologue, n. tamhid, saragaz, diba- 
Prolusion, w. tamhid, dibacha. 
Promenade, n. taffaruj ke liye sair- 

guh. 
Prolong, n. daraz k., tawil k., bar- 

hana, phailana. 
Promerit, v, mustahiqq ya Idiq h., 

ibsanmand ya marhiin-i-minnat k. 
Prominence, w. ubbar, afraz, linch^i, 
Prominent, a. ubhdra, phiila-hu«, 

lincha, zahir. 
Promiscuous, a. makhliit, mila hnfi, 

darham, barham, ghalmel, garbar. 
Promise, n. iqrar, wada, qaul-o-ahd, 

paimdn. 
Promise, v. iqrar k., qaul k., wada k. 
Promised, a. iqrpr hud, mauiid, ma- 

hi5d. 
Promising, a. iqrdr-saz; pdkbaz, 

khush mijaz, nekbakht. 
Promissory, a. qarari, sharti, tahud- 

numa. 
Promontory, a. zamin-ki-nok, bini- 

i-koh. 
Promote, v, barhdna, sar-fardzi k., 

taraqqi k., taqwiyat d., dastgiri k. 
Promoter, n, mutaraqqi, muharrik. 
Promotion, n, taraqqi, sar-farazi, 

barhti, barhdo, taqwiyat d., dast- 
giri k. 
Prompt, a, tezdast^ chalak, chust; 

taiyar, ha-zir. 



PRO 



221 



PRO 



»t|l>rompt, V. batlana, y4d dilana; tali- 

lik k., targib d. 
-iiPromptitude, n. tezdasti, cliulaki, 

chnsti, jaldi. 
*f 'Iromulgate, v. islitihar k., shulirat 
d., izliar k., chalana. 
Prone, n. sir jhuku, zer-rii, mail, ra- 

gib. 
Prong, w. kanta, shakh. 
Pronominal, a. zamiri, zamir-mansiib. 
Pronoun, n. zamir, adut-i-khitab. 
Pronounce, v. bukm d., qaza k., 

fatwa d. 
Pronunciation, n. talaffuz, makhraj, 

uchchdr. 
Proof, *?. isbat, dalil, dalalat, bur- 

Un, hujjat, gawahi, sliahadat, im- 

tihan, tajruba, uzmaish. 
Proof, a. jancha hua, ayar-rasida, 

namnmkin-ul-nafaz, sakht. 
Prop, n. tek, thiini, pusht, pusliti- 

ban, takiya. 
Propagate, v, janna, upjana, paida 
* k., jari k., pbailuna. 
Propagation, n, paidaish, tawalliid, 

intishar, afzaish. 
Propagator, n. walid; riwaj-dene w., 

jari kame-wala. 
Propel, V. chalana, dauruna, hSnknu. 
ft'opense, a. mail, ragib, rujii. 
Propensity, n. mail, shauq, ragbat. 
Proper, a. laiq, wajib, shaista, miiwa- 

fiq, munasib; rawa; khass, makb- 

stis, durust, thik. 
*i:operly, ad. laiqana, dchcbbi tarah; 

baqiqat-men. 
^Toperty, n, kbasiyat, sifat, kaifiyat; 

mal, milkiyat, amlak. 
S^ropbecy, n. gaib-goi, pesbin-goi, 

sukban-i-gaib. 
t^ropbesy, V. gaib ki kbabar d., Age- 
Be batlana. 
fc^ropbet, n. nabi, paigambar, rasiil. 
iPropbetic, a, nabi, rasiili, gaib-nu- 

ma. 
Propbylactic, a. rokne w.. hdil mdni. 
Propine, v. mibrbani ki rii se dena, 

zcb ya tdbe karna. 
Propinquity, n, mizdiki, qurb, qara- 

bat. 
Propitiate, v, milanii, manan^, mibr- 

b^n k. 



Propitiation, n. kafara, mihrban, 

sazi, mihip. 
Propitiatory, a, kafara-amez, mihr- 
ban amez. 
Propitious, a. mihrban, khairkhwab, 

mutawajjih. 
Prop] asm, n. sancha. 
Proportion, n. andaza, miqdar, mu- 

Uiisabat, hamwari. 
Proportion, v. ham-Ymdaza k., mu- 
nasib k., barabar miqdar k. 
Proportionate, a. ham-anduz, muna- 
sib, hamwar. 
Proportioning, n. ham-andaz sazi, 

munasib. 
Proposal, n. sawal, arz sukhan, bat, 

davkhwust. 
Propose, V. arz k., darpesh k., sawal 

k. 
Proposition, n. arz, darkhwdst, shakl. 
Proprietor, n. malik,khawind, sahib. 
Propriety, n. liyaqat, shaistagi, mu- 

nasabat. 
Prorogue, r. mauqiif k., tal d. 
Proruption, n. ubhar, phiitan. 
Prosaic, a, nasr-mansiib. 
Proscribe, v. mana k., qatl ka 

hukm d. 
Prose, n, nasr, kalam-i-mansiir. 
Prosecute, v. pairawi k., darpai h.,. 

istimrar k. 
Prosecution, n. pairawi, talash, na- 

lisb, diiwa. 
Prosecutor, n, muddai, ddd khwah, 

dadi. 
Proselyte, n. nau murid, mutaqid. 
Prosody, n. ilm-i-ariiz, mizdn. 
Prospect, n. nazar, did, madd-i-nazr; 

ummed. 
Prosper, v, bakhtiy^r h., ya k., far- 

khundah k. 
Prosperity, «. bakhtiyari, bahra- 

mandi, kamyabi. 
Prosperous, a, bakhtiyar, kilmyab, 

sarsabz. 
Prostitute^ n, kasbi, loli, chbindl, 

randi. 
Prostitution, w. chhinala, zinakari. 
Prostrate, v, gira d., pachbdrna, 

past k., sijda k. 
Prostration, n. sijda, sajjad; bequw- 

-vrati-, dilgiti. 



PRO 



222 



PUL 



Protect, V. bachilna, him ay at k., 

panah d., hif zat k. 
Protection, n, liimuyat, bacliao, pa- 
nah. 
Protector, n. humi, hafiz, nigahbiin, 

dastgir. 
Protend, v, phaildna, lige k. 
Protectorate, n. saltanat jis ka ban- 

dobast quini muqam badshah k. 
Protest, 71. iqrur, itiraf, bar-aks, 

iqrar, ink^.r. 
Protest, V, iqrar k., qaul k., inkur 

k., bar-aks iqrar k. 
Protract, v. daraz k., tiil khainchna, 

barhna. 
Protrude,!?, nikalna, nikal ana yii 

parna. [ajar. 

Protruberance, n. ubhar, waram. 
Proud, a, msigriir, mutakabbir, gha- 

mandi. 
Prove, V. sabit k., dalalat k., gawahi 

d., imtihdn k., azmana; bona 

waqi h. 
Proved, a. subiit, raazbiit, musajjal, 

mashhiid; azmiida. 
Provender, w. cbura, ghaspat, alaf, 

khun'ik. 
Proverb, n. masal, masla, kahawat. 
Proverbial, a. masali, naasalana, 

kahawati. 
Provided, v. dar siirat, dar hal, is 

shart se. 
Providence, n, razzaqi, parwardigari, 

aqibat-andeshi, dilr-andeshi. 
Provident, a. uqibat-andesh, diir- 

andesb, mubassir. 
Providentially, ad. KhudJ-kc-fazal 

ya inayat se. 
Province, n, siiba; khidmat, k»im. 
Provision, n, khana,. giza, taiy«ri, 

tadbir. 
Provisional, a. hal-ke liye muqarrar, 

sharti. 
Proviso, n. shart, aqd, iqrar. 
Provocation, n. chher, chhir, gazab- 

angezi. tan. 
Provoke, v, cbherna, khijana, khashm- 

nak k., tahrik d. 
Provoking, a. gazab-angez, khashm- 

afroz. 
Prowess, n. jurat, shujaat, bahaduri, 

dileri. 



1. 
111". 



Prowl, V, gidar-gasht k., fidftg 

pliirna. |h 

Proximate, a. nazdik, qarib, pis. 
Proximity, n. nazdiki, takrib, quii^ 

ittisal, 
Proxy, n. iwazi, badli, naib. 
Prude, n. makkara, malijiib-i-riyikklh 
Prudence, w. basirat., ihtiyat, lihid^lh 

liosliyari. Ili 

Prudent, a. saliib-basirat, ho8liytf,|h 

zirak, durandesh. 
Prudently, ari.Jioshyari-se, tadbir-se, 
Prune, v. chliantna, qalam k.,katni|P 
Pruiiing-hook, n. hansiia, kulliarl. 
Pry, V. jhankna, bhed 1., jasiisi k. 
Prying, n, jasiisi, tajassus, khoj. 
Psalm, n. bhajan, pak-sarod, zablir. 
Psalmody, n. bbajan gane ka fann. 
Puberty, n. buliigbuliigat, rasidagi. 
Public, a. amm, amiim, mutlaq, 

mushtarak; mashliiir. 
Public, n, khilqat, millat kbass-o- 

dmm. [nif. 

Publication, n. ishtilidr, nfsh^ taa- ' 
Publicity, n. izlifir, shuhrat. 
Publicly, ad, zahiran, alaniya, dsh- 

kara, khula. 
Publish, V, ishtihar d., mashhiir k., 

zahir k., riwa,j k. 
Publisher, n. isbtihar-dene wal4» 

mukhbir, chhapne w. 
Puck<% V. chin-o-shikan d., tah k.^ 

jhol d. 
Pudding, n. gulgula, ansri, laddii. 
Pudding-pie, n. gosht bhara hua 

gulgula ya samosa. 
Puddle, n. tal, talaiya, dabra. 
Puerile, a bdlak sa, larka sa, chib- 

lild, ochha. 
Puff, n. hawa ka jhoka ya phii^k, 

phulka; mubaliga. 
Puff, V. phiilna, phiiland, sifarish k., 

hanpna. 
Pugilist, n. gh lise-baz, musht-zan. 
Puisne, a. chhoti, khurd, adna. 
Puissant, a. zorawar, qadir, maha- 

bali. 
Pulchritude, n. khiibsurati, khiibi. 
Pull, V. tann|l, khainchna, torna, 

pharna, chunnu, kasua — (down) 

gfra d., mismar k. — (off) uthana 



I 



PUR 



228 



PUR 



Pull, n. tfin, khench, jhatak. 
Pullet, n. chlioti murgi, cliiizd. 
Pulley, ». charkhi, pliirki, garari. 
^.Pullulate, t?. sliiigiifu luua, khiina, 
konpal pliiitna. 
Pulp, n. giida, magz. 
Pulpit, n. mimbar. 

Pulsation, n. tapisli, dharak, taraph. 
Pulse, n, nabz, nari, dal. 
Pulyerize, v, biikna, churjj, safiif k. 
pump, n. bamba, pichkari, puni 

utbane ki kal. 
Pump, 17. paiii u than a, bam clialana, 

bhed 1., raz-joi k. 
Pumpkin, n. kaddii, gliiya, lauki. 
Pun, n. ibum, tajnis, latifii, jiigat. 
Punch, n, chheni; qism-i-sharaq; 

maskhara. 
Punch, V, chhedna, chheni mum a, 

salna. 
Puncheon, «. chhap, chheni; bara 

pipa. 
Punctilio, n, tnkalluf, nukta-sanji. 
Punctual, a, thik, sudiq, wadu-wafa, 

barik bin. 
Punctuality, n. sachchui, kharui, 

rasti. 

Punctually, ad. rasti se, sachchui se. 
Puncture, n. nesh, siirakh, elided. 
Pungency, n. tezi, hiddat, tundi. 
Pungent, a. tez, nesh-zan, talkh, 

tund. 
l^unish, V, sazd d., siyasat k., tazir 

d., dantna. 
-Punishment, n. saza, siyasat, tazir; 

dqubat, siyasat. 
I^iny, a. chhota, kochak; kamzor. 
tupil, n. putli, mardum-i-chashm; 

shagird, talmiz. 
Puppet, n. putla, jmtli, guriya. 
Puppy, n. pill a, mardak, sng-b.icha. 
Purblind, a. chunda, chundhla, ko- 

tahnazar. 
Purchase, v, hasil k,, kharidna, 

kharid k., yd sauda k. 
Purchasable, a, mumkin-ush-shir?j, 

kharidani. 
Purchaser, n. kharid ar, . mushtari, 

ganhak. 
Purchase-money, n. zar-i-samdn. 
Pure, a, saf, musaffa, shaffaf ya 
safu, p&k YH nek. 



Purely, ad. safai, pakizagi, shaffafi, 

shustagi, paki, tab a rat, taqaddus 

ya ismat se, sirf ya mahz. 
Pureness, n, safai, shaffafi, pakizagi, 

shustagi. 
Purify, V, pak ya shusta k., ya h., 

Saf k. 
Purification, n. tuhr, pak-sdzi, taha- 

rat. 
Purifier, n. muttahirr, saf k. w., pak 

k. w., khalish k. w. 
Purifying, n, pak-sazi, safai, taha- 

rat, tuhr. 
Purist, w. nih^yat takalluf mizaj, 

mu-shigaf ya nukta-sanj shakhs. 
Purity, n, safai, shaffafi ya paki. 
Pui-flc, V, zar bafi ya kar chobi, 

hashiye se arasta k. ya zinat d. 
Purfle, I'urflew, n. kar-chobi yu zar- 

bafi hasliiya. 
Purge, V. Saf k., jharna, pet-chalna. 
Purgation, n, pak-sazi, tasfiya. 
Purgative, a. saf k. w., mushil ya 

jullabi. 
Purgatory, a. saf ya pak kame w,, 

gum.h-niit.ne wala. 
Purgatorial, Purgatorian, a. muta'- 

alliq-i-a'raf, a'rafi, a'raf-mansiib. 
Purger, n, sdf ya pak k. w., juUab 

va nuishil. 
Purl, n, zar-bafi yd kar-chobi, hu- 
sh iy a. 
Purl, V, jharjharand yd jharjhard- 

kar bahna. 
Purling, ?i. nadika jharjarata bahao. 
Purlieu, 7i, sar-hadd, qurb, atraf, 

jawdr, gird ya nawah, zail. 
Purloin, v, churana yd choran^, 

chori k. 
Purloiner, n, chor. chotta, duzd. 
Purloining, w. duzdi, chori. 
Purple, a, argawani, shahabi, lal- 

nila dmez. 
Purple, n, nili pili chittiyan ya 

phutkiyan. 
Purplish, a, kisi-qadr argawani, 

shaabi-sa ya lal-nild amez-sa. 
Purport, n, matlab, niaqsad ya irada. 
Purpose, n. irada ya matlab, maqsad 

yd qasd. 
Purposeless, a, lahasil, be-faidfi, be- 

Mdu. 



PUS 



224 



PYR 



/ I 



Purposely, a. qasdan, Amdan ya 

dida-o-danista. 
Purprise, n, ihata, bara, ghera. 
Purse, n, hamyuni, kisa, thaili, 

batua. 
Purse-uet, n, ek jali jo rupairakhn, 

ki-thali-si bani raliti hai. 
Purse-pride, w. mal-inasti, zar-masti, 

mot-niardi. 
Purse-proud a, mal-mast, zar-mast, 

mot-mar d. 
Pursue, r. pairawi k.> ragedna ya 

pachlierna. 
Pursuance, n, pairawi yd ta'aqqub, 

mutabaqat ya liasb, muwufiq, mu- 

tabiq. 
Pursuer, n, muia'aqib, dar-pai b. w., 

pairawi k. w. 
Pursuit, w. pairawi ya ta'aqqub, 

talash ya taftish, sbugl ya kar. 
Pursuivant, n, sarkari diit, sarkari 

qasid ya barkara, yasuwal, cbob- 

dar. 
Pursy, a, motab aur kotab-darn. 
Purteuance, n. haiwan ka kaleja, 

lawazim ya koi sbai jo muta'al- 

liq bo. [rakbna. 

Purvey, v, rasad ya kburak kbarid 
Purveyance, n, rasad, taiyar, rasad 

ya kburuk, tabaiya ya sarba-mbi. 
Purveyor, n, ibtimamcbi, rasad ka 

daroga. 
Purview, n. ain ka kbass bissa jis- 

men dibacba ya dibuja na bo. 
Pus, n. pib, manj, resb, riiu, rad ya 

radb. 
Purulence, Purulency, n. pib ki pai- 

duisb, resb, rim ya cbirk. 
Purulent, a. pibiyab. 
Pusb V, dbakelna ya dbakka d., tbel- 

na, daur .na, cbalana ya dabana. 
PusiUanimous, a. be-binimat ya ny- 

niftrd, buzdil, biz ya kbaif. 
Pusillanimity, n, be-bimmati yd buz- 

dili, be-jurati ya namardi. 
Pusillanimously, ad. buzdili se, be- 
bimmati ya be-jurati se. 
Puss, n, billi ya kbarbe ka n^m, 

mjmo, piisi, piisa; manua, kbar- 

gosb. kbarba. 
Pustule, w. pbunsi, phaphola, cbba- 

la, jbalka abla. 



Pustulate, V, abilu k., cbbala, 

pbola, pbunsi ya jbalka bant 
Put, r. rakbna ya rakh d., dh 

diilna, gerna, nawna, na d 

nielna lag;»na. 
Put, 71. nalisb-i-qurqi, tas \ 

kbel, dibqani. 
Putter, n. rakbne w., samne 1 

kabne w. 
Putative, a. kbiyali, qiyasi, w 

farzi, maj a zi. 
Putid, a. kamina, ptiji ya dun. 
Putrid, a. sara, mutaattin, g 

bosida ya mufsid. 
Putrcdinous, a. mutaafTin, gan 

bosida, sar^i. 
Putrefy, v, sarana ya galiina, { 

ausnd ya ubasna. 
Putrefaction, n. sarnii, snraws 

rabat. 
Putrefactive, a, sariine w., 

bosida-saz. 
Putrescence, n. sarawat, kasth 
Putrescent, n. sarta bua, gait; 

gumsa, ubsa. 
Putrescible, n. bosidagi-pazi 

jaue-ke-laiq. 
Puttock, w. cbil. 
Puzzle, V. bairan ya tang k. 
Puzzie-beaded, a. sar-i-asima. 
Pyramid, w. makbriit-i-muzall; 

nar, minar, sitiin-i-gawdumi 
Pyramidal, Pyramidic, Pyrani 

a. makbrut-i-muzalla. 
Pyramidically, ad, makbrut-i-i 

la ke manind, minar ya mai 

manind. 
Pyramis, n. makbriit-i-muzal 

tiin-i-gawdumi. 
Pyre, n, cbita. 
Pyrites, w. sang-i-atasbi. 
Pyrolatry, n. atasb-parasti. 
Pyromancy, n. atasb se, pesb-n 

pesb-goi. 
Pyrometer, n. bararat-paimd, r 

ul-bararat. 
Pyrotecbnics, Pyrotecbny, n. j 

bazi banane kd fann, liawai 
Pyrotechnist, n, atasb-bazi b 

w., bawai-gar. 
Pyrrbonist, n. ,abl-i-sliakk, m 

munkir-i-wabi. 



QUA 



225 



QUE 



^ jrrhonism, n. ilhad ya shirk, shakk- 
i-mutlaq. 



Q 



Q. Yih liarf sawal Angrezi haruf- 

tahajji ka satrahwan haraf ke 

liye ata hai. 
Quack, V. qanqdn k., qalla mania k. 
Quack, w. lafzan, khudfarosh, kacli- 

cha tabib, kathbaid, nim hakim. 
Quackery, n, lafzani, khudfaroshi, 

kathbaidi, dawabazi. 
Quadrangle, n, chaukhiinta, chahar 

kona shakl, shakl-i-chaugosha. 
Quadrangular, a, murabba, chan- 
ge sha, char zawiya. 
Quadrant, n. chautha hissa; ruba-i- 

daira, balandi mapne ka ek ala. 
Quadrate, a. murabba, barabar, thik, 

laiq. 
Quadratic, a. murabba, murabba 

mansiib. 
Quadrature, n, daire ko murabba 

banana; chand ka pahla ya akhir 

hafta. 
Quadrible, a, murabba hone ke 

laiq, chaukona hone ke laiq. 
Quadrilateral, a. chauharfi ya chauh- 

pahlu. 
Quadrille, w. ganjife ka khel; ek 

taur ka nach. 
Quadruped, n. char paya, sutdr. 
Quadruple, a. chauguna, ch arch and. 
Quaff, V. dhokna, bahut pin a, shauq 

86 pina. 
Quaggy, a. daldala, narm. 
Quagmire, w. dliasan, daldal. 
Quail, n. bater, batai. 
Quaint, a, nazuk, nafis, suthra, ba- 

rik; achambha. 
Quaintly, ad, nazakat se, latafat 

86, suthrai se; ajibi se, acham- 

bhdi se. 
Quaintness, n, nazakat, bariki, latu- 

fat. 
Quake, v. kampna, kapna, jure ya 

dar se thartharana. 
Qunke. n. larz?i, kamp, dar se thar- 

thari. 
Qualification, n, liyaqat, istiadad, 

hunar, jauhar, sifat. 



Qualify, r. sazawar k., qabil k., 

mukhaffaf k., banana. 
Quality, n. sifat, ausaf; martaba, 

paya, darja-i-nasib ya nasi. 
Qualm, n, libki, matlai; gunali ke 

liye achanak pasheman hona ya 

taassuf khana ya darsejidhu- 

dhukana. 
Qualmish, a. matlaha; gun.h ke 

liye achanak tassuf khor ya bekal. 
Quandary, n. ishkal, hairani, uljhe- 

ra, pech, tazabzub, shakk. 
Quantity, n. miqdar; dher, ziyadati, 

wazn; qadi* andaza; adad; hissa, 

kuchh. 
Quantum, n, hissa, jumla, jama. 
Quarantine, n. chilla, chalisi. 
Quarrel, w. jhagra, qaziya, bigar. 
Quarrelsome, v, jhagrna, qaziya k., 

larnii, aibjoi k. 
Quarrelsbme, a. jhagrulu, qaziyajo. 
Quarry, n. san'gistan, pattar ki kan. 
Quart, n, qarib ek ser. 
Quarter, n. chauthai, pao, chaha- 

mm, ruba, ghalle-ki ek paimaish, 

mahalla, tola, zila. 
Quarter, v. charhissa k., adde men 

r., baithalna. 
Quarter, n. rah am, afu, jan-bakhshi. 
Quarterage, w. simaha, timahe ki 

talab. 
Quarter-deck, n. jahaz kepichhware 

ke lipar ki chhoti manzil. 
Quarterly, a. simaha. 
Quarter-master, n. peshkheme ka 

daroga, mir-i-manzil. 
Quartern, n, qarib adha pao, do- 

chhatank. 
Quarto, n. chauwarqa, chaubandi. 
Quash, V. dabna, dabana, radd k., 

mauqiif k., niitana. 
Quassation, n. hilaw, dulaw. 
Quaternity, n. churku adad, chauku, 

chauk. 
Quatrain, w. ruba'i, murabb'd, chau 



misra. 



Quaver, v. gahgahana, lahkana, la- 

hakan?!, kanpna. 
Quavered, a. margul-amez. 
Quavering, n, margiil, gahgahahat. 
Qu an, w. zan-i-fahisha, fujira, qut- 

tama. 



Co 



QUI 



22G 



QUI 



Queasy, a. bimar nazuk ya naznin. 
Qaeasiuess, n. matluhat, ji ka mat- 
. lana ya micLlana. 
Queen, n. padshuh-begain ya shali- 

begam malika. 
Queenlike, Queenly, a. muwafiq 

pudsha-begam. 
Queer, a, ajab ya ajib, turfa ya 

nadir. 
Quell, V. dabana, sliikast d., taskin 

d., kam k. 
Quench, v, sard ya faro k., bujhana, 

bar-bad k. 
Querimony, n. shikayat, nala, gila, 

sliakwa. 
Queriuionious, a. sliaki, gila-guzar 

ya sbakwa-gnziir. 
Quern, n. liatb-chaki, darcnti. 
Querpo, n. basma ya wasraa. 
Querulous, a. gila guzar, shtiki. 
Query, w. swal, ya pursish, istifsar, 

istifhdm. 
Querent, w. sail piicLlme w., istifsar 

k. w. 
Querist, n. sail, istifsar k. w., pursish 

karue w. 
Quest, n. talash, taftis, tahqiqat, 

im till an, darkhwast. 
Questant, n. talashi, talib, joyanda. 
Question, n. pursish, istifUam, istif- 
sar, tahqiqat. 
Questionable, a, mushtabih, mash- 

kiik ya shakki. 
Questionary, a. mustasir, talashi yd 

tahqiqat k. w. 
Questioner, n. mustafsir, sdil piichh- 

ne -wala. 
Questionist, n. s4il piichhne w., 

sawal k. w. 
Questionless,. ' ad. be-shubhd, be- 

shak, 144|fi^am. 
Questman, Questmonger, n. baz 

baton ki tahqiqat ke liye sarkari 

amin. 
Quibble, n. hila hawdla, mugalata 

ya hila bazi. 
Quibbler, n. hila-baz, jagat-baz. 
Quick, a. jald-baz, shitab kar, cha- 

lak ya chust. 
Quicken, v, zinda k. ya h., jald k. 
Quickness, w. ziidi, jald-bazi yd shi- 
tubi, chaluki. 



Quick-eyed, a, tez nazar, tez chasl 
tez-nigah. ■ ^ 

Quick-sand, w. reg-i-rawan, daldi 
zarain, duzdreg. 

Quickset, n, chara laga ya lagi 
hua hara paudha. 

Quick-sighted, a. tez-nazar, tez-m-'B^ 



gah. 



el 



Quick-sightedness, n. tez-nig&HP^ 

tez-nazari. 
Quicksilver, n, zibaq, sim-ab. *'^^ 
Quid, n.jugali. jo kuchh kuchUjfe 
Quiddit, n. harrafi, mubham-kaliiini,|'i^ 

muzabzab-kalami. 
Quiddity, n. mahiyat, gauharya yn-W^ 

jiid. [14im..| } 

Quiet, a. sakin ya sakit, garib, mBr 
Quiescence, n, rah at, sukiin ya sa-i^ 

kiinat, qarar, khdmoshi. I 

Quiescent, a. ba-qarar, sdkin ya l»*|j' 

harakat, sakit. 
Quietism, n, vedantiyon kd mat. 
Quietist, n, vedanti, taskin. 
Quietness, n. sukiit, muUyamafc|i 

qarar ya ahistagi. 1 

Quiet some, a. be-qardr, sakin, be- |v 

harakat. 
Quietude, a. sukiin, sukiinat yi 

aram, dsdish. 1^ 

Quietus, w. sukiin, sukiinat ya arifflfft 

asaish. . " 

Quill, n. shah-par, par ka qalam, 

khar-pust ka khar. 
Quillet, n. nukta-dani, bariki J* 

bdrik-bini. 
Quilt, n. razai, toshak. 
Quinary, a. panch bait ya misre ki 

mukhammas. 
Quince, a. darakht-i-bihi, bih yi 

bihi. 
Quincunx, n. nakhl-bandi jism^ 

darakht aisi tartib se lage hon ki 

char to ek murabba ke churoQ 

konon par hon aur ek bich mes 

ho. 
Quinquangular, a. panj-gosha, mu- 
khammas. 
Quinquennial, a. punch sal men ek 

dafa hone w., panch sala. 
Quinsy, n, khunaq. 
Quint, n. panja, ekatthd ki gai yi 

kattha murattab panch chizeQ. 



EAB 



227 



RAI 



ssence, n. panchwdn, jauhar, 
rn mahiyat, khiilasa. 
iple, a. panch-taha, panchgund. 
I. bazla, tanz. tana ya Ian tan. 

n. gane waloQ kd taifu, ga- 
on ka dal. 

n. cliaubis takhta kdgaz ka, 
asta. 

:er, n. taife men gane w. 
tion, n. dohai, gohar. 

n. liiia, zatal, hila-bazi, lahar. 

sh, a. hila bazi ku, zatal ka. 

V. azdd k., ada k. ji khalas 

j ar ya iwaz d. 

I. azad, khalas, mubarra, pak 

•ari. 

laim, V. daVa se baz-ana. 

ad. sar-ba-sar, hii-ba-hii, bil- 
, biainhi-mahz. 
ent, w. muqarrar kbirdj. 
ble, a. mumkin-ut-tark, 
)re jane ke qihil. 
1, n. iwaz, badla. 
nee, n. ada, farig-kbatti ya 
nama. 

•, w. tarkasb. 

•ed, a. tarkasb dar, ja'ba dar. 
•, V. kanpna, tharthardnd. 
%. dbokba, khilli ya tbatta. 
bet, n, barik bat, bariki. 

n. nisbana marne ke liye 

ka chakhar, lobe ke chakkar 
ishana marnd, pbenkna. 
am, a, dge kd, pesbina, sdbiq. 
, n. liissa. 

ion, n. iqtibas ya kisi ibarat 
akl ya tamsil. 
iionist, n, muqtabis. 

V. iqtibas k., sanad k., mu- 
za k. 
•, n, muqtabis. 

V. kahna, bolnd. 
ian, a, roz marra, bar-roza yd 
niyd. 

nt, n, hdsil, mablag, kbdrij- 
mat. 

R. 

arrezi bariif tahajji kd attbdr- 

baraf. 

>; n, guluband. 



Eabbi, Eabbin, n. Yabiidiyon kd pir. 
Kabbit, n, paldii-kbargosh. 
Eabble, w. bhir hujiim jor. 
Eabid a. diwdnagi se, mufsid, ga- 

zabnak, tund, diwdba. 
Eace, n. danr, daurai, asl, naslna,- 

sab, kbandan, bans, zdt. 
Eace-borse, w. gburdaur ke liye gho- 

rd, gburdaur kd gbord. 
Eacemation, n. guchebbd, jbund. 
Eaciness, n. rasdari, mazedari. 
Eack, n. sazd dene ki ek kal, sbi- 

kanjd. 
Eack, V. azab k., sbikanje men 

kbindmd, siyd k. 
Eack-rent, n, babut ziydda k., kba- 

zand yd kirdyd. 
Eacket, w. gulgupdrd, sbor; dandd, 

barf par chalne ke liye ek taur 

ki jiiti. 
Eacy, a. rasddr, mazeddr, kbusb- 

mazd. 
Eadiance, n, shua, partau, tajalli, 

lama, jot. 
Eadiant, a. manauwar, tdbddr, rau- 

sban, chamakddr, mutajalld. 
Eadiate, v, chamaknd, jot ddlnd. 
Eadiated, a. cbamkild, kirandar, 

jagmagd. 
Eadiation, n. lamarezi, cbamakdi, 

jagmagabat, sbuaanddzi. 
Eadical, a, asli, zdti. 
Eadically, ad, aslan, bizzdt, zdti. 
Eadicate, v. jar lagdnd, gdrnd, bai- 

tbdlnd, jarnd. 
Eadisb, w. miili, turb. 
Eadius, n. nisf-ul-qutr. 
Eaffle, n, sharti, jud. 
Eaft, w. berd chaugbard. 
Eafter, w. kari, gold; tarak, sagfi. 
Eag, n. cbitbard, latta, dbajji, gii- 

dar. 
Eagamuflfin, n, giidariyd, chithariyd, 

admi. 
Eage, w. gussd, qahr, gazab, tundi. 
Eagged, a. pbatd, tukre. 
Eagstone, n. silli, patbri, sbdm. 
Eail, n. katabrd, kathgherd. 
Eail, V katabrd lagdnd, katbbandi k. 
Eaillery, n. tbatt^ thatholi. 
Eaiment, n, posbdk, kaprd, libds. 
Eain, n» menb, bdrdn, bdrish. 



RAN 



228 



RAS 



Rain, v. barasnd, pdni parnd, ba- 

rasnd. 
Rainbow, n. qaus-i-quzah, dhanuk, 

ramdhannk. 
Rainy, a. barsati, bdrishi, bdrani. 
Raise, v. nthdnd, barpd k., khara k., 

cbarhdna. 
Raisin, n, kishmish, munaqqa, ddkh. 
Rake, n. ghass batome ka ek hatb- 

yar. 
Rake, r.batomd, dbiindhnd, clihilnd. 
Rake, n. aubash, randibda, zindkar, 

fdsiq, luchcha, shuhda. 
Rake, v. zinakari k.. awdrgi k., an- 

basM k., randibazi k. 
Rakisb, a. nafs-parast, aubdshana. 
Rally, u.-tbattha k., thdmblina, sam- 

Ram, n. mendlia, bhera, diwar gira- 

ne ki ck dlat. 
Ram, V, tbdsnii, kasnd, kbaincbna 

kucbal d. 
Ramble, n. sair, gasbt, matar gasbti. 
Ramble, v. pbirnji, dolna, sair k. 
Rambler, n. barzagard, awara, sar- 

garddn. 
Rambling, n. gardisb, sargarddni, 

sair, gasbt. 
Ramification, n. sbak, cbbitrai. 
Ramify, n, sbakb-dar, sbakb k., 

sbakb pbailnd. 
Ramp, V. charbna, kbelnd yd kolel 

kama. 
Rampant, a. kbarmast, ziydda, kasir, 

firdwan. 
Rampart, Rampire, n. fasil, kamar, 

qild bandi ki diwar, shabr-pandb. 
Ranch, v. kacbkdnd, machkdnd, ma- 

rornd. 
Rancid, a. bosidd, karwd, biigirifta. 
Rancorous, a. kindwar, purkind, 

gbiinnd, kapti. 
Rancour, n. kind, bugz, inad, Idg, 

ndqiz, kapat. 
Random, a. be-qasd, be-sbist, drizi. 
Random, w. be-shasti, ittifdq, ndgd- 

bdni. 
Range, n. qatar, zanjird; sair, gasbt, 

moiddn. 
Range, v. batartib r., drdsta k., su- 

dbdrnd, saf-ba-saf kbard r., gasbt 

k., phimd. 



I 



1 



Ranger, n. pbime w., ek qismUi^' 

kuttd. I 

Rank, a? badbti,* zor, tez; lamW-|^^' 

chaurd. 
Rank, w. qatdr, saf, panti; dtrji,!^ 

martabd. I '*^ 

Rank, v. bardbar r., pant lag^|^» 

pard bandhnd, murattab k. 
Rankle, v. paknd, kbataknd, jalni 
Ransack, v. lutnd, dbiinrb mdma, 

taldsh k. 
Ransom, ?i. fidiyd, nalbandi, chlio- 1 ^ 

rauti, dand. 
Rant, n. bak, bazagoi, jbak. 
Rant, r. baknd, Iambi chanri bank 

na, barbarand, jbak mdmd. 
Rap, n, dbaul, tbappar, tamacba. 
Rapacious, a. luterd, gdratgar. 
Rupacity, n garatgari. 
Rape, w. zor, zabardasti, zind-kdri- 

bijjabr, ek qism ki bdt kabna. 
Kapid, a. tez, jald, tezraba, zor, 

tund. 
Rapidity, n. tezi, jaldi, tuudi, shi- 

tdbi, zor. 
Rapier, n. nimcbd, pesbqabz. 
Rapine, n. liitpdt, gadr, andbeir, an- 

dbddbundh, zulm. 
Rapt, V. wajd men Idnd, magan k., 

bdl men Idnd. 
Rapture, n. jazb, wajd, bdl, sama, 

murcblid. 
Rapturous, a. wajddwar, buldwar, 

dilrubd. 
Rare, a. nddir, kamydb, ajib. 
Raresbow, n. tamdsba, swdng jo 

sanduq men lekar dikbdte pbirte 

baiQ. 
Rarefaction, w. pbaildu, pbulau, 

barbdu, taraqqi. 
Rarefy, v. piglana, tigldnd, raqiqh. 

yd k., patld k. 
Rarely, ad. kam, nadiran, tbora, 

kbassitarab se. 
Rareness, Rarity, n. na ydbi, kam- 

yabi, nddrat, riqdqat, patldi, la- 

tafat. 
Rascal, «. baramzdda, mardak, da- 

gabdz, tbag, paji. 
Rascalion, n. paji, dagdbdz, bardm- 

zada, tbag. 
Rascally, a, baqir, kamina, pdjf. 



RAV 



229 



REA 



Rascality, n, liaramzddagi, nabakari, 

pdjipan, kaminagi. 
Hase, V. hakk k., mahw k., bekh- 

kani k., metana, chhildalnd. 
Hash, a. be-lihdz, be-tadbir. 
Rasher, n. gosht ka patla tukra. 
Rashly, ad. jaldi se, be-mahaba, be- 

taammul, be-tajwiz. 
Rashness, w. jaldi, be-lihdzi, be- 

tadbiri, litaili. 
Rasp, n, reti, sohan. 
Rasure, n, katkiit, kalam zadagi, 

chhilchlial. 
Rat, n. chiiha, niiish, miisa. 
Ratable, a, nirakh pazir, khiraj- 

pazir, mahsiil ya lagta dene ke 

qdbil. 
Rate, n. qimat, mol, bhan, nirkh 

mahsdl. 
Rate, V. bhaak., qimat k., shnmark. 
Rather, ad. awwal, pahle muqad- 

dam, peshtar. 
Ratification, w. taqarmr, taiyan, is- 

tiqrar, istihkam. 
Ratify, v. manziir k., muqarrar k., 

muaiyan k., thahrana. 
Ratio, n. andaza, bhau, nirkh. 
Ratiocination, n. taaqqnl, istiqlal, 

mu bah as a. 
Ratiocinate, v. munazara ya bahs 

k., mubahsa ya taqrir k. 
Ration, n. ek roz ki khnrak. 
Rational, a. natiq, shdista, aqli ma- 

qiili. 
Rationality, n. qi5wat-i-idrak, nutq, 

shaistagl. 
nationally, ad, aql se, idrak se, 

maqiiland. 
Rattle, n. jhanjhanahat, kharkha- 

rahat, jhankar. 
Rattle, V, kharkharana, jhankama, 

jhanjhanand. 
Rattle-headed, a. be-aql, bakki, har- 

za-go. 
Raucity, n. giriftagi, dwaz, bhari 

ya sakht dwaz. 
Ravage, v. njdrnd, khardb k., pai- 

mdl k., liitna. 
Rave, V. shorida sa bakna, madhosh 

h., bfl,Tbarana. 
Ravel, V. kholnd, snljhfina, nljhdna, 

abtar k. 



Raven, n. zag-i-dashti; jangali kaw- 

wa. 
Ravenous, w. petii, mar-bhiikha, 

ghaii-ghap. 
Ravin, n. shikar, garat; mar-bhii- 

kha, petii. 
Ravine, n, nala, garema; nala jo 

pani ke tor se bane. 
Ravish, v, ba-zor lena, dhar pa- 

chharna, pakai; lejana. 
Ravisher, n, zatkhoa, zalim, jabir, 

pardadar. 
Ravishment, n. zulm, jabr, zor, par- 

dadari. 
Raw, a. kachcha, napukhta, ankata 

ya nabafta; martub, said; bejild, 

nirchh. 
Rawboned, a. sukhta, jhinhadia. 
Raze, V, chhil dalna, metana, paimal 

kardalna, hakk k., bekhkani k. 
Razor, n. ustiiru, clihiira. 
Razure, n, chhil, naskh, hakk, 

malm sazi. 
Reaccess, n, diisri mnlaqat. 
Reach, n. dastrasi, palmnch; qndrat, 

sai, jihd, daur, bandish, ghat. 
Reach, v, pahunchna, phailana, hath 

se pana, lagna. 
Reaction, n, paltau, mnzahamat, 

rukao. 
Read, v, parhna, bdnchna, mutald 

k., janna, malum k. 
Read, pa. khwanda, khwaninda, 

paihd liua, alim. 
Reajdeption, n. bazyaft, bazyabi. 
Reader, n. parhwaiya, qdri, khwa- 
ninda. 
Readily, ad. jaldi, fauran, sar- 

pat. 
Readiness, n. shitdbkari, jaldi, dil- 

dihi, dilgarmi, taiyarj, * amadagi, 

kamarbandi. 
Reading, n. parhna, qiraat. 
Readmission, n. sani ijazat, dukhiil- 

i-sani, phir ane dera. 
Readmittance, n, phir paithne ki 

ijazat-i-sani. 
Readopt, v. phir ikhtiyar k. 
Readorn, v. phir zinat d., phir zeb 

d. ya zebaish k. 
Readvertency, w. lihaz-i»sani, sani 

tawajjuh. 



REA 



230 



BEB 



Beady, a. mustaidd, &mdda ya jugat- 

baz, taiyar muhaiya, kamar-bastd, 

murattab ya kamar band. 
Beaffirmance, n. sani^ istihkam, 

mazbiiti ya iqrar. 
Beal, a. waqi ya manawi, haqiqi, 

muatabar, sahili ya yaqini asli 

ya khalis. 
Beality, n. manawiyat ya tayaqqnn, 

haqiqat, aslaat. 
Bealize, v. basil k., tabsil k., wusiil 

k.> hazir k. 
Beally, ad, asalat, asalatan, baqi- 

qatan. 
Bealm, n. mulk, padshahat^ bad- 

sbabat, saltauat. 
Bealty, n. wafadari, hukm bardari. 
Beam, n. bis dastd-kagaz. 
Beapy V. dirau k.^ jama k., hdsil k. 
Beaper, n. diran-gar, lawaya, katni 

k. w. 
Beaping-hook, n. liansiia. 
Beapparel, v, phirkap^e pahnana, 

posbak pabiuaua. 
Beappear, v. m^iim b., nazr ana, na- 

miid b. 
Beappearance, n, zabtir-i-sani. 
Beapplication, n. pbir lagaw, dar- 

kbwast-i-saui. 
Bear, n. pichha, akhir darja. 
Bear, v. utbana, parwarisb k., tulim 

k., piilna. 
Bear-mouse, n, cbamgidar. 
Bearward, n. akbir bissa, aqab ya 

akbiy. 
Beascend, v. pliir chaibna, uthand 

ya lipar jana. 
Beason, n. qiiwwat-i-idrak, qiiwwat- 
♦ . i-mudrika, sabab, bais. 
Beasouable, a. sbaista ya sbdyastd. 
Beasonableness, «. maqiiliyat, liya- 

qat. 
Beasonably, ad. ba insaf, aqlan, aql- 

mandi se. 
Beasoner, n, babhds, munlzir, buj- 

jati, mubabis. 
Beasoning, n. munazara yA istiqrd 

mubabasd. 
Beasoiiless, a. na-mdqiil, be-aql, 

be-idrak, be-insaf, be-hisab, be-ja. 
Beassemble, v. pbir fardbam k, ya 

li.; pbir jamd k. 



Beassemblage, n. sdni jamiat yi 

ijtima-sAni. 
Reassert, v. pbir iqr&r k., pbir mah- 

fuz rakbna. 
Beassume, o. phir lena^ pbir i^tiy&r 

k., baeyaft k. 
Beassure, v. pbir yaqin kaf&nA yd 

mazbut k. 
Beattempt, v. pbir qasd y& ko- 

sbisb k. 
Beave, v, cbora len^, chhin lend, 

zor se lend, zabardasti se lena. 
Rebaptize, v. pbir istibag k. ya d., 

pbir gota diland yd d. 
Rebaptization, n. istibag-i-s4ni, dtis- 

ra istibdg. 
Rebaptizer, n. sani istibag wala y4 

d. wald. 
Rebate, v, knnd k,, tbothla k. 
Rebatement, n. kami yd taqlil, vaz* 

yd minbai. 
Rebeck, n. ck qism ki sdrangi. 
Rebel, v. gardankasbi k., bi^dvat 

k., sanutbdnd, sarkasbi k. 
Rebel, n. sar-kasb, gardan-kash, 

bdgi, munharif. 
Rebellion, n. bagdwat, sar-kasbi, 

gardan-kasbi, inbirdf. 
Rebellious, a. bagi, gardan-kash, 

nd-farmdn. 
Rebelliously, ad. sar-kashi se, inbi- 

rafse. 
Rebelliousness, ad, bagdwat, sar- 
kasbi. 
Rebellow, v. pbir se bbukamd, da- 

haknd, banbdnd yd garajnd^ pbir 

babut gtinjna. 
Reboation, n, sadd, giinj. 
Reboil, V. pbir khaulnd yd kbauldna, 

pbir ubdlna. 
Rebound, v, bdz-gasbt h. yd k., pi- 

chbe ko dbakelnd. 
Retrace, v, pbir bdndbnd, jakarnd, 

kasna, sametnd. 
Rebreatbe, v. pbir dam lend anr 

cbborna. 
Rebuff,' n. ndgabd© zabt yd rok,.in- 

kdr, radd. 
Rebuild, r. pbir ta'mir k., pbir 

bandan. 
Rebuilder, n. pbir ta'mir k. w., pbir 

bandne wdld. 



REC 



231 



REC 



JRebnke, r. itab k., gosh-mali k., sar j Receivcdness, n. kliass-o-amm kc 
zanish k., chaslimnumai ya mala- nazdik, jaiz, saliih ya rawa li. 



mat k. 
3iebukable, a. wajib-ul-sar-zanisb, 

"w^jib-ul-chashm-numai, wajib-ul- 

malamat. 
Bebukeful, a. malamat dmez, pur- 

chashm-numai. 
Rebukefully, ad, gosh-mali, cliashm 

niimai, malamat ya sar-zanish se. 
Bebury , V. pbir dafn k., phir clibipana. 
Rebus, n, muamma, chistan. 
Rebut, V, bata d., diir k., lautana, 

paltana. 
Rebutter, n. radd-i-jawab, badd-i- 

jawab. 
Recall, V. baz-talabi k., barkhdst k., 

pbir bulana. 
Recantation, n. bargasbtagi, irtidad, 

inbiraf. 
Recanter, n, munbarif, radd k. wala, 

zaban badalne wala. 
Recapacitate, v, pbir qdbil k., pbir 

liyaqat d.. pbir maqdiir bakhsbfiii. 
Recapitulate, v. mukhtasar kar ke 

pbir baydn k., likbnd yd kahna, 

muqarrar kahna. 
Recapitulation, n. ikhtisar se phir 

baydn k. 
Recapitulatory, a, mukarrar bayan 

kame Wala. 
Recarnify, v, gosht ki siirat men 

phir kar dalnd. 
Recarry, v, phir lejana, phir dhond 

ya le-chaln^. 
Recast, r. phir phenknd, ddlna ya 

jhonknd. 
Recede, v. pas-p4 h. ya baz-gasht k., 

rii-gardan h., baz-rahna ya kanare 

ho-jana, dast-bardar h. 
Recess, w. baz-gashti, pas-pdi ya 

gurez, khalwat, gosha. 
Recession, n. baz gashti, pas-pdi. 
Receive, v, lend, basil k., wusiil k. 

ya manziir k., qabul k. 
Receipt, n, wusiil, daramad yd rasid, 

qabz-ul-wusiil yd ddkhila, nuskhd. 
Receivable, a. dar-dmadi, qdbil-i- 

wusiil, jdiz, durust, milne-jog, 

qdbil-i-manziiri, qabil-i-pazirdi. 
Receivableness, n, qabiliyat-i-iTusiil, 

hdlat-i-dardma^di. 



Receptacle, n. bartan yd bdsan, 
khdna, makan, yd mask.in. 

Receptary, w. jo shai wusiil ho. 

Reception, w. giriftagi, mihmdnddri, 
qabiil. 

Receptive, a. qabiil karne ke Idiq, 
girandd yd bandd. 

Receptory, a. rawd, jaiz, mubdh. 

Recense, v, nazar-i-sani k. 

Recension, n, nazar-i-sdni k., shu- 
mdr h. 

Recent, a. nau, jadid, tazd. 

Recency, n. nayai, tajaddud, tdzagi. 

Recently, ad, aznau, jadid an, naye 
sire se. 

Recentness, n, nay di, tajaddud yd 
tazagi. 

Rechange, v, phir tabdil k., phir 
badalnd. 

Recheat, n. shikdr kame ke waqt 
kutton ko lautdne ke liye siti. 

Recidivate, v, bar-gash td h., phir 
ginid. 

Recidivation, n, bar-gashtagi, inhi- 
rdf, ilhdd. 

Recipe, w. nuskhd. 

Recipient, n, lene w., pane w., bar- 
tan, bdsan, zarf. 

Reciprocal, a, mutabaddil yd'ni bdri- 
bdri se hone w. 

Reciprocally, ad, jdnibain se, ishti- 
rdkan. 

Reciprocalness, n. adal-badal, pherd- 
pheri. 

Reciprocate, v. mubddald yd adli- 
badli k., badalnd. 

Reciprocation, n, adld-badld, mubd- 
dald, mudwazd. 

Reciprocity, n, jdnabain yd do tarfi. 

Recite, v, diisre ki tasnif parhnd; 
mukarrar kahnd yd takrdr k., ba- 
yan k., shumar k. yd ek-ek karke 
shumdr k. 

Recital, n, takrfir yd takarrur, i'ddat, 
baydn, taqrir yd zikr, shumdr. 

Recitation, n, takrdr yd takarrur, 
i'ddat. [git. 

Recitative, n. khush-dhang, talafluz. 

Reciter, n, naqil, rdwi, kahne VFald, 
parhne w. 



REC 



232 



HEO 



Reck, V. fikr k. ya kluitir men lana, 

lihaz vu kliiiviil k. 
Reckless, a. gafil, be-lihiiz, be-klia- 

bar ya be-fikr. 
Recklessness, n. gaflat, gaiili y?i ta- 

gaffiil, be-kliabri, be-fikri, be-ihta- 

ytiti ya be-lihazi. 
Reckon, v. shnniark., liisab k., qadr 

k. ya izzat k., ginna. 
Reckoning, n. hisab, slinniar, kbarch. 
Reclaim, v. wapas mangna ya wapus 

lena, durust ya anista k., baz- 

talabi k., bibina. 
Reclaimable, a. ninnikin-ul-durusti, 

arastagi-pazir, islab-pazir, liilne 

ke qabil. 
Reclainiant, n, radd k. w., barkbilaf 

bayan k. w., kliilaf kabno w., gila 

guzari ya sbakwa-gnzari k. w. 
Reclainiless, a. na-niunikin-ul-du- 

rusti, gair-ariistagi-pazir. na-is- 

lab-pazir, gair-qabil-ul-wusul. 
Reclamation, n. baz-yuft ya busiil, 



Recline, v. utbangna ya tek-rabna, 

letna, pania ya par-jana, 
Reclose, v. pbiv band k. 
Reclnde, v. kholna. 
Recluse, a, khalwat-nishin, khalwat- 

guzin. 
Reel us 'mess, n. klialwat-nashini ya 

gosba nasliini. 
Recoct, V. pbir se pakand, dohra- 

kar pakana. 
Recognise, v. paliclianna, qubiil k., 

nazr-i-sani yd azmaisb-i-sani k. 
Recognisance, n. shinakbt ya ta'a- 

ruf, saf bayan. iqnir ya izliar. 
Recognition, n. qubiil, iqrar, yad. 
Recoil, y. palat-kluina, palta-kluina, 

palatna yapicbhe palat-jana, hat- 

na, liicliakna. 
Recoiling, n. pas-kaslii, thatliak, 

liatna, digna. 
Recollect,* V. far.liam k., yud k. ya 

bosb-pakarnn. 
Recollection, n. b.fizii, yad yd yad- 

awari. . 
Recombine, v. pliir mil.na, jorna ya 

lagaiia. 
Recommend, v, sbifarisli k., sliafa'at 

k. 



l^ecommenduble, a, wdjib-til-ta'riii|Ri 

qabil-i-ta'ril'. 
Recommendation, n, sliifari8h, inilir-§K 

bani. 

Recommendatory, a. sliifarisLi, taq-|f' 

libi 
Recommender. a. sbifarish jA sipi- 

risli k. w., sliifarisli kuninda. 
Recommit, v. phir liawAla ya sipurd 

k. 
Recompact, v, pliir mil and yd jorna. 
Itecompenae, v. ajr d., iwaz d., yak., 

jaza d., ya badla k. 
Uecompilemeut, n, nai talif, naya 

niajnjiia. 
Ilecompose, i\ pbir se murattab k., 

zabt k. 
lleconcile, v, snlh kardna ya piiir 

ball am dost banana, 
lleconcilable, a. sulh-pazir, mumkin- 

ul-mnsa-laba. 
Recoucilableness, n. mutdbaqat, mu- 

wafaijat. 
Reconcilement, n. musdlaha, dosti- 

az-sai-i-nan. 
Reconciler, n. sulh-sdz, sulli-kdr, 

pbir se baliam dost banune w. 
Reconciliatory, n. sulli karne ko 

rujii, snlli-nuraa. 
Recondite, a, posbida, makhfi. 
Reconnoitre, v. dekhnd, nazar ya 

nigali k. 
Record, v. daftar ya fibrist men da- 

kliil k., darj k. 
Record, n, daftar yd fihrist, tawa- 

rikli. 
Recordation, n, yad, yad-dwari, sndh, 

diet. 
Recorder, n. daftar nawis, abl-i- 

daftar, sar-rishta-dar. 
Recount, v. mnfassal kabnd, bayan 

k. yd paibnd. 
Recourse, n. rujii, murdja'at yd bdz 

gasbt. 
Recover, n. pliir-pdnd, babdl k., 

sbafa d. 
Recoverable, a. miimkin ul-wusiil, 

murakin nib us ill. 
Recovery, ?i. bi'vz-ydft, wasiil yd 

bnsiil. 
Recreant, a, buz dil, nd-raard, past- 

bimraat. 



RED 



233 



REF 



I^ecreatc, a. ^ram d.^ tuza k., kbush 

k. 
Itecreation, n, bahlau, dillagi, tafrih, 

sair, gulgasht. 
Recrement, w. mail, kasafat, gad. 
Recriminate, v, palti tuhmat lagand, 

ulat-kar ittiham d. 
Recrimination, n. palti tuhmat, ulta- 

ittiham. 
Recruit, n, nay a sipahi, nanbharti ; 

jutau, sarbarahi. [d. 

Recruit, v. pbirzorawar k., taq^viyat 
[Uctangle, n, mustatil, qaim-ul- 

zawiya. 
Rectangular, a. mustaqimu-zawiya. 
Rectifiable, a. islah-pazir, sudharne 

ke laiq. 
Rectifier, n. sudharne w., isUh-dih. 
Rectify, v. islah d., sudhama, bana- 
na, sadhna. 
Rectitude, n. rasti, rastbazi, kharai, 

sawab. 
Recumb, v. jhuknd. 
Recur, v. phir and, ydd dna, sudhana; 

char a sochna. 
Recurrence, n, ruju, bazgasht, baz- 

amad. 
Recurrent, a. rajai, raji, bazgard. 
Red, a. Ul, surkh, ahmar, sangarfi. 
Redact, r. dauldalna, dhakelnd. 
Redargue, v. radd k., batil k. 
Redden, v, surkh k. yd h., tamtama- 

na, sharm se surkh rukh h. 
Reddish, a, gulabi rang ; kisi qadr 

surkh rang. 
Reddishness, ?5. gulab rangi, halki 

surkh rangi. 
Redeem, v. chhuraud, riha k., gula- 

mi se khalas k., bachana, naj at d., 

azad k., kafara k. 
Redeemable, a. chhurdne ke qabil, 

azadi kc qabil. 
Redeemer, n. mustakhlis, hami, ba- 

chaii, shafi. 
Redemption, n. chhutkara, istikhlds 

azddai. 
Red-lead, n. sindiir, isranj. 
Redolence, Redolency, w. khushbu, 

bii-i-khush. 
Redolent, a. khushbiidar. 
Redouble, v. phir yd barbdr kahnd 

yd karnd. 

D 



Redoubted, a. t^aufndk, muhib, 

haulnak. 
Redound, v, ziyada k., taqwiyat d.. 
Redress, v, tadaruk k., faryadrasi k., 

dadrasi k., islah k. 
Redress, R. chai'a suzi, himayat, 

tadaruk, ilaj. 
Reduce, v, kam k., ghatdna, takhfif 

k., magliib k. 
Reducement, n. ghatdu, taqlil, is- 

tikhfaf, kami. 
Reducible, a. ghatane ke qabil, kam 

hone ke qabil. 
Reduction^ n, ghatdu, taqlil, ikhti- 

faf ; maglubiyat. 
Redundance, Redundancy, n. bahu- 

tdt, ziyddati, fuziiliyat, kasrat. 
Redundant, a. ziydda, bahut, afzun, 

wafir. 
Reed, n. nai, neza, kilk, nal, sar ; 

bdnsri, murli ; tir. 
Reek, n, bukhdr, bhdp. 
Reel, n. ateran, charkhi, takld, ek 

qism kd ndch. 
Reel, V, ateran k., charkhipar lapet- 

nd, larbar^nd. 
Re-enforce, v. taqwiyat d., zor d., 

phir bahut lashkar bhejkar tdid k. 
Re-enforcement, n. tdid, taqwiyat, 

madad. 
Re-establish, v, bahdl k., phir qaim 

k. ^ 

Refection, n, jal-pdn, ndshtd. 
Refectory, w. niamat yd toshd khdnd. 
Refer, v. ruju k., rabakdr k., lejdna, 

hawald k., nisbat r., lagdna. 
Reference, n, rujii, ilaqd, mundsab«.t, 

talluq. 
Refine, v. saf k., musajfifa k., khdlis 

k., nirmal k. 
Refinement, n. nirmaltB, safdi, drds- 

tagi, tahzib, durusti, sudhrdi. 
Refiner, n. safdbakhsh, musafi*!, 

khalis-sa2. 
Refit, V, marammat k., sajdna. 
Reflect, V, bichdrna, sochna, ande- 

»hd k,, taammul k., aks dikhand. 
Reflection, n, inikas. aks, parchhaic, 

dhyan, aoch, andeshd, fikr, taam- 
mul. 
Reflective, a. munakkis, paltdu, khj- 

ydli, Bochi, mutammil, 

d 



REG 



234 



REG 



Reflector, n. mutammil, paltaii, aks- 

numii. 
Reflex, n. aks. 

Reflexible, a. aks pazir, qabil aks. 
Refluent, a, baz-rawaiii, ulta jari. 
Refluent, a. baz-rawani, nlta bahiiu. 
Reform, n, islah k., sudbarna, san- 

wai'ana, lirasta k. 
Reformation, Reform, n. tajdid, du- 

rusti, banau, islah, tasib, sudbran, 

burai se bhalai. 
Refract, v. rab-i-rast se pbirana^ 

muntasbar k., mutafarraq k. 
Refraction, n, rab-i-rast se inbiraf, 

kajrawi. 
Refractory, a, sarkash, dbitb, mun- 

harif. 
Refrain, v, tbambna, sambhalna, 

atkana, band k. ya h. 
Refresh, v, bablana, taza dam k., 

tdza k., thand I k. 
Refreshment, n. shaddbi, tar-o-taza- 

gU tazadami. 
Refrigerant, a, tbanda-sa, taza, 

aram-dib. 
Refrigerate, v. tband k., tazd k., 

aram d. 
Refrigeratiye, a. thandagar, sard- 

saz. 
Refuge, n, panah, amn, amdn, dsra, 

ilaj, chara. 
Refugee, n. panahgir, amdnkbwdh. 
Refulgence, n. tajalli, jalwd, niir, 

raushani, tiibani, jot. 
Refulgent, a. jalwdgar, raushan, tdb- 

nak, manauwar. 
Refund, v, wapas d., pher d. 
Refusal, n, inkar, nafi, nd-paziri. 
Refuse, v. inkar k., na karna, pher 

d., napasand k. 
Refuse, n, fuzla, ajkhor, chhant, 

mail. 
Refutation, n, butlan, ibtal, radd. 
Refute, V, juthland, batil k., batla- 

n4, katna. 
Regain, v, phir basil k., pbir pand. 
Regal, a, padsbahi, khusrawi, pad- 

shdhaud. 
Regale, v, tazd dam k., khand, khub 

khiland. 
Regalia, n. pddshahand, asbab, lawd- 

zimat-i-saltanat, 



Regard, r. mutwajjih h., iltifdtk., |? 

aziz janud. 
Regard, n, muldhazd, ' tawajjuh, 

dbiyim, alaqa, izzat. 
Regardless, a. achet, gafil, be-fikr, 

be-parwa, be-libaz. 
Regatta, n. kisbtibazi ki ek tarah. 
Regency, n, siibadari, badshah ke 

naib ki Imkiimat. 
Regenerate, v. pbir paidd k., sar-i- 

nan k. 
Regenerate, a. nau-paida, nau-zada, 

nau-akhlaqi. 
Regeneration, n, nau-paidaish, nayi 

janam. 
Regenerateness, n, nan-tawallud, 

nau-paidai, nau-akhlaq. 
Regent, n, qdim-muqdm-i-pddsbah, 

naib, wakil-i-mutlaq, hakim. 
Regent, a, padsbah kd qaim-maqam 

ho-kar hukiimat kame wdld. 
Regermination, n. pbir kali yd ko- 

pal nikalna, phir lignd. 
Regicide, n. padshuh-kusb, snltdn- 

kushi. 
Regimen, n. ridyat, amal; tadbir-i- 

giza. timar. 
Regiment, w. risald, tuman, paltan. 
Regimental, w. paltani, tumani. 
Region, w. mulk, sarzamin, iqlim, 

marzabum. 
Register, n, daftar; tawarikh nawis, 

sar-rishtadar. 
Register, v. daftar men ddkbil k., 

mundarj k. 
Regnant, a, masnad^ashin, takht- 

nashin, hukiimat galib, raij. 
Regorge, v. ugal d., qai k., nigalnd. 
Regrade, v. liatnd, pichhe jana, hat- 

jand. 
Regress, v, batnd, pichhe jdna, palat- 

nd, phirdnd. [rdo. 

Regression, n. bazgast, paltdo, phi- 
Regret, V. affcjos k., pachbtand, has- 

rat khand, gam k. 
Regret, n, afsos, tdassuf, hasrat, 

dareg, soz, dard. 
Regular, a. bardbar, thik, baqdida, 

qiydsi, muntazam, durust, ardsta, 

qanmii, band-o-basti. 
Regularity, n. tartib, intizdm, band- 

0-bast^ qarina-bandi; bardbari. 



REL 



235 



REM 



Eegularly, ad. tartib se, ba-qdida. 
Regulate, v, daulpar Una, tartib d., 

murattab k., sajana, tliik k. 
Regulation, n. intizam, arastagi, 

band-o-bast, tariq, ain, zabita, 

dastiir-ul amal. 
Regulator, n, murattib, nuzim, rdbit, 

ainband, qaniinsaz, ghari ka bissa. 
Regurgitate, v. phir nigalna, ugal 

parna, phir palat-ana, tajwiz k. 
Rehabilitate, v. bahal k., sabiq 

dastiir k., jaisa ka taisa k, 
iRehearsal, w. takrar, dahrau, bayan. 
Rehearse, v, dohrana ya bar bar kah- 

na, tafsilwar bayan k. 
Reigle, n, jauf, nali, sinka. 
Reign, n. saltanat, padghahi, rdj, 

amal, rdjkar. 
Reign, v. saltant k., padshdhat k., 

birdjna. 
Reject, V. phirna, napasand k., na- 

manziir k., radd k. 
Rejection, w. tark, ugldo, radd, 

phirdo, inkar, ndqubiiliyat. 
Reimbody, v. phir mujassam k., phir 

ektha k. 
Reimpression, n, diisri chhap, taba- 



i-sani. 



Reimburse, v. pher d., patde d., iwaz 
d., tawan d., dad bharna. 

Rein, n. inan, bag, ras, zamain. 

Reindeer, «. ek qism ka haran, bardh 
singa. 

Reiterate, v, bdrbar kahnd, muqarrar 
k., dohrand, tihrdnd, phir phir k. 

Reiteration, w. takrar, dohrdwa. 

Rejoice, v. khush h., rijhnd, bdg bdg 

ii. 

Rejoin, v. phir jornd, phir milnd, 

radd-i-jawdb k. 
Rekindle, v, phir jaland. 
Relapse, v, phir pachharnd, phir 

bimar parnd, phir girnd. 
Relapse, n, aud-i-maraz, iada, phir 

bigarnd ya bimar parnd. 
Relate, r. kahnd, naql k., bayan k., 

alaqa r., lagna, milnd. 
Relation, n. bayan, taqrir, zikr; taal- 

luq, nisbat, nata, birddari, rishtd, 

qardbat, kh>Yeshi, khwesh. 
Relative, n, nisbatddr, rishtadar, 

bbfti, ba-mansiib. 



Relative, a. mnta'alliq, mansiib. 
Relatively, ad, mansiiban, nisbatan, 

banish at. 
Relax, V. dhild h., sust h., bahldnd, 

kahili k., majhidli k., dhima k. 
Relax, Relaxed, a. dhild. 
Relaxation, n. dhil, dhildi, susti, 

kdhili. * * [lasi d. 

Release, v. chhurdnd, rihai d., kha- 
Relent, v, pasijd, muldim h., tars- 

khand; narm k. 
Relentless, a, sangdil, sakht, be- 

rahm, be-dard. 
Relevant, a. madadgar, maitsiib, nis- 

batddr. 
Relevancy, n. madadgari, nisbat- 

ddri, mauqd ki mundsbat. 
Reliance, n. iatibdr iatimdd, dsrd^ 

ds, takiyd, bdwar. 
Relic, w. yddgdri kd nishdn. 
Relict, n, bewd, rd:nd. 
Relief, n. madad, pushti, ardm, 

takhfif, taskin, tasalli, sukh. 
Relieve, v. dram d. yd k., thdmnd, 

dastgiri k. 
Religion, w. din, mazhab, imdn, mil- 

lat, mashrab. 
Religious, a. dini, mazhabi, dindar, 

imdnddr, sdlih. 
Relinquish, v. chhorna, chhor d,, 

tyagna, tark k., darguzamd. 
Relinquishment, n. chhordo, tydg, 

guzashtagi, tark. 
Relish, n. mazd, lazzat, zaiqa, zauq, 

shauq. 
Relish, V. naaza d., laziz k., khiish- 

zdiqd k., pasand k. 
Reluctance, n. be-dili, nd-khiishi, 

mukhdlafat, dareg. 
Reluctant, a. be-dil, nd-khiish, ka- 

shidd-khdtir, nd-razi. 
Relume, v. sar-i-nau roshan karna, 

phir j aldna. 
Rely, v. bharosd r., takyd k., itimdd 

r., bawar k., tawakkul k. 
ilemaiu, v. rahnd, thaharnd, iqamat 

k., bond; baqi r. yd h., paeJar h., 

bachna, nikalnd, chhutnd. 
Remainder, n. bdqi, baqiya, tatim- 

ma, bachti. 
Remains, n, baqia, fuzldt; Idsh, 

murdd. 



REN 



23G 



REP 



Remark, n. nigdh, dgihi; bat, qaul, 

maqiiU. 
Remark, v. nigah k., lihaz k., agabi 

k., kabna. 
Remarkable, a. irdjib-ul-mulabiza, 

a jib, garib^ masbbiir, mumtaz. 
Remediable, a. ilaj-pazir, iglab-pa- 

zir, cbara-pazir. 
Remediless^ a. la-ilaj, be-cbdrd, la- 

cbar. 
Remedy, n. ilaj, churU, dawa, islub, 

tadbir, taddruk. 
Remember, v, yad r. ya k., kbatir- 

men r., cbetnd, pabcbannd. 
Remembrance, n. yad, yadayrari, 

chet. 
Remind, v, yad dilana, tazkir k., 

cbetana. 
Remiss, a. dhila, sust, majbiil, gafil. 
Remission, n, afii, muafi, dmurzish, 

takbfif, riayat. 
Remit, v. afii k., mnaf k., bakhshna, 

takbfif k., gbatana ; bbejna, irsal 

k. 
Remittance, n. madfi, irsul; tarsil; 

hundi. 
Remnant, n. bdqi, baqiya, tatimmu ; 

fuzla. 
Remonstrance, n. arz-i-ahwal, gila, 

shikuyat. 
Remorse, n, paclibtawa, afsos, pasbe- 

mani, nadamat. 
Remote, a. diir, baid, ddr-daraz. 
Removal, n. intiqdl, naql-i-makan, 

kiich, riblat; dafiyd; maziili, ta- 

giri. 
Remove, v. naql-i-makan k., ntb- 

jana, chala-jana, kdcb k.; dor k., 

sarkdnd, dafa k., maziil k. 
Remunerate, v. bbar d., iwaz d., 

ajr d. 
-Remunerative, a, iwazi, ajri. 
Rencounter, n. muqdbala, jang-o- 

jadal. 
Rend, v. pbarnd, cbirna, cbak k., 

maskdna. 
Render, v, pberna, wapas d., dena, 

adak.; tarjuma k.; bawala k.; 

karna. 
Rendezvous, n. majma, jamiyatgab. 
Renew, v* nayak., sar-i-nauk.; taza 

k.; takarrur k.; tajdid k. 



Renewal, n. tajdid, takarrur, tahiriL 
Renounce, v. inkar k., cbhor d., 

tark k. 
Renovate, r. sar-i-nau k., sabiq hi- 

lat par pbir lana. 
Renown, n, num, namwari, sbukj, 

izzat. 
Renowned, a. namwar, neknam, 

mashbdr. 
Rent, n, cbak, cbir, siiigafj kiraya, 

ijdra, bbara, mubasal. 
Renter, n. kiraya-djir, ijara-dar, Wia- 

raiti, mulguzar. 
Renunciation, n. inkar, qata-i-ilaqi, 

tark, tydg. 
Repair, v. marammat k., durust 11, 

sanwdma, jdnd, cbalna. 
Reparation, n. marammat, durusti; 

iwaz, badla, tawan. 
Repartee, n. bazir jawabi, zarifa. 
Rf'past, n. nasbta, taam, kbiLni. 
Repay, v. pbir d., iwaz d., badU cL, 

ajr (1 , bbar d. 
Repeal, v. manstikb k,, b&til k., 

radd k. 
Repeat, v, dobara k., plier k., duh- 

rduB, takrar k., mukarrar k., pbir 

kalma, naql k., bay an k. 
Repeatedly, ad, dafa tan, batakrar. 
Repel, t^. ddr k., dafa k., radd k., 

hatd d., rafd k. 
Repent, V. pacbbtdna, afsos k., pa- 

sbeman k., tauba k. 
Repentance, n. paclibtawa, afsos, 

pasbemani, taubd. 
Repetition, n. takarrur, takrar, dob- 

rawa; bayan. 
Repine, v, gam kbdnS, ranjidi b., 

kurbna. 
Replace, v. pbir rakbna, babal k., 

badii k. 
Replenisb, v. bbarpiir k,, mdmiir k., 

bbarnd. [mdmdr. 

Replete, a. pur, bbarpdr. bbara bdd, 
Repletion, n, puri, bbarti, bbarpiiri, 

serf, kasrat. 
Reply, V, jawab k., radd-i-jawdb d. 
Reply, n. jawdb, radd-kalam, uttar. 
Report, n. kbabar, sbubra, uwazd; 

afwah. 
Repose, n. aram, as&isb, cbain^ nind; 

kbwab. 



I: 



^ 



,r. 



F 



REP 



237 



BES 



IRepose, t^. dram k.^ suLna^ sona^ 

rakbna, sompDd. 
Xlepreliensible, a, mayiib, qabil-i- 

ilzam, zabiin. 
Hepresent, v. diklilan:i, izhar k., 

batlana, taswir k., taqlid k., naql 

k., arz k., vfakil k. 
nieprcsentation, n. dikhUi, izhar, 

taswir, shabih. 
Bepresentative, n. wakil, ndib, qdim- 

muqum. 
Repress, v. dabana, rokna, tLambna, 

zabt k. 
Reprieve, n, waqfa, muhlat, cbhut- 

kara. 
Reprimand, n, malamat, sarzanish, 

ilzam, cliashm-nuraai. 
Reprimand, v. dantna, jha akna, 

sarzanish k., ilzam d. 
Reproach, v. tan k., malamat k., 

dushnam d. 
Reproach, n. tan, tdna, malamat, 

dushnam. 
Reproachful, a. zaban-daraz, mala- 

mat-amez, tana-zan. 
Reprobate, a. fasid, khwdr, khasta, 

badkar, mardiid. 
Reprobate, v, radd k., inkdr k., na- 

frat r. 
Reproof, n. goshmali, sarzanish, 

malamat. 
Reprovable, a. tan ya sarzanish ke 

qdbil, goshmali ke qabil. 
Reprove, v, dosh dend, tdma, mala- 
mat k., ilzam dena. 
Reptile, n. kira, makora. 
Republic, n. jumhiir, wuh mulk 

jahan ki saltanat jumhiir ke hath 

men ho. 
Republican, n. jo koi kejumhiiri 

saltanat par razi ho. 
Republican, a. jumhiiri, jumhiir se 

muntazam. 
Repudiate, v. talaq d., tydg k., 

chhor d., matriik k. 
Repudiation, n. talaq, tark, tyag. 
Repugnance, n, dareg, nafrat, gurez; 

mukhdlafat. 
Repugnant, a. mukhdlif, na-raz, 

gair-mutabiq. 
Repulse, n, dafd, shikast^ radd, rafa, 

hirman. 



Reputable, a. muatabar, neknam, 

izzat-dar, bhala. 
Reputation, n, hurmat, izzat, abrii, 

nck-nahii. 
Repute, V. jannd, bujhna samajbna, 

ginna, shumar k. 
Request, n. darkhwast, arz, iltimas, 

sawdl — (in) matliib. 
Request, v. darkhwast k., arz k., ihi- 

mas k., mungnu, talab k., puchlmd. 
Require, v. chahna, mangna, zariir 

k., muqtazd bona. 
Requisite, a. darkdr, zariir, Idzim, 

matliib. 
Requital, n. iwaz, badld, mukdfat, 

padash. 
Requite, v. iwaz k., jaza d., badla 1. 
Rescind, v. mansiikh k., mauqiif k., 

uthana, utha d. 
Rescript, v, farm an, hukm-nama, 

mansliiir. [bach an a. 

Rescue, v, chhordna, azad k., ribd k.. 
Research, n. talash, taftish, just-o- 

jii, khoj. 
Resemblance, n. mushabahat, man- 

ind, shabih. 
Resent, v, burd manna, khafa h., 

kind r. [gazab. 

Resentment, n. kin a, bugz, addwat. 
Reserve, n, imtind, taklisis, shart 

istisna; ihtiyat, khabar-dari. 
Reservation, n, bachan, baz-ddri, 

riya, riya-kari; shart. 
Reserve, v, rakhna, bacha r., rakh 

chhorna, bartaraf r., baz r., le- 

rakhna. 
Reserved, a. mahjiib, sharmila, ho- 

shiyar, kamsukhan. 
Reservoir, n, hauz, talab, abddn; 

khazdna, ambdr. 
Reside, v. rakhna, sukiinat k., bii<^- 

o-bash k., maqdm k. 
Residence, n, ghar, makan, maqam, 

sukiinat, iqamat. 
Resident, a. rahne w., bdshinda, 

muqim; wakil-i-badshah. 
Residue, w. baqi, baqiya, tatimma, 

bachti. 
Resign, v. chhorna, tyagnd, tark k., 

hath uthand, istifa d., sompna, 

supm-d k., tawakkul k., dend, de- 

ddlna. 



HES 



238 



RET 



Resignation, n. tark, guzaslitagi, 

istita; tawakkiil. 
Resin, n. dliiiua, rul. 
Resist, V, tlianibhnu, rokny, mnqa- 

bala k., luuijuwaniat k., mukliula- 

fat k., iiiuzabimat k. 
Resistance, n, nmqawamat, muzu- 

himat, miiqabalat, mumauaat. 
Resistible, a. qabii-i-madliia, muin- 

kin-i-mardiiJ. 
Resolute, a, barqarar, mustaqil, 

ustuwar, sabit qadam; diler. 
Resolution, 7i. azimat, qasd-i-mu- 

sainmam, azm; sabit-qadami, us- 

tuwuri, dileri; tafriq, dafa. 
Resolvable, a. galuu, qdbil-i-tafriq, 

qubil-i-tarif. 
Resolve, v, thahrana, niyat r., qasd 

iiziuiat k., ball li., juda k., tafriq 

k., batUna, sluibali data k. 
Bosorb, V. nigalna, gapakna, lilna, 

khajuna. 
Resort, v. jauj, and, aniad-o-raft. 
flesort, 71. majma, bliir, amad-o-raft. 
Resound, v. gunj r., sada k., awiiz 

d.; mashbiir k. 
Resource, w. ilaj, cbara, mtiya, tad- 

bir. 
Respect, v, takrim d., izzat k-, ta- 

zim k., adab k. 
Respectable, a- muatabar, muazzaz, 

mukarram, mulilarini. 
Respectful, a. inuaddab, ihtiramdai*, 

sdliib-i-iiutiyaz. 
Respecting, pr. babat-men, haqq- 

meij, muta'alliq. 
Respective, a. kbass, maklisiis, apna 

apna. [fus. 

Respiration, n. dam-zadagi, tanaf- 
Respire, r. dam-lena, tanaffus k., 

sans chliorana. 
Respite, n, naga, fursat, faragat, 

cliliutti, waqfa. 
Resplendent, a. rausban, darakh- 

slian, taban, mnnawwar. 
Respond, v. jawab d., mutabiq h., 

muwafiq li. 
Respondent, n. jawabi, javrabdib, 



asami. 



Response, n, jawab. 
Responsibility, n. kafalat, jawab dilii, 
zimmadiiri. 



] Responsible, a. kafil, jawdb-dili^lBei 

I zinima-dar; muatabar. I ^ 

j Hesponsive, a. jawab-dih. lli«' 

Rest, n. dram, asaish, rabat, snldB,! ^i 

itni'nan, chain, faragat; niQd,|S 

kliwiib, baqi, baqiya. 
Rest, a, aur sab, mabaqi. "f* 

Rest, V. arani k., letna, sona; saki 

h., faragat r.; takiya k., mauqiif |I' 

r., ralma, baqi r. 
Restitution, n dbiraii, bazdihi, vi* |?' 
j pas. 
j lie stive, a. sarkash, gardankasli, 

magra. 
Restless, a, be-dram, mnztarib; b^ |1 

qarur, napdedar. 
Restoration, n. phirdii, wapas; ba- 

bdli; sbifd. 
Restorative, a. muqawwi, sliifa- 

baklisli. 
Resture, v. pber d., yd lena, wapM 

k., bahdl k., sbifd d., durust k. 
Restrain, v. rokna, atkana, tbanbli- 

nd, zubt k., baz r., dabdnd. 
Restraint, n. rok, atkaii, qaid, zabt- 

o-rabt; badd. 
I Restrict, v. badd k., mahdiid k., 

band k., baz r. 
Restriction, w. rok, qaid, badd, 

badd-bandi. 
Result, V. nikalna, utlind, miba, 

natija h., paidd b., pbalna. 
Result, n. natija, anjum, phal, sam- 

ra, basil. 
Resume, v, pbir 1., pbir takrir k., 

pliir ikbtiyar k. 
Resumption, n. baz-giri, phir-lena. 
Resurrection, 7i, liasbr, bas-o-nashr, 

rustakliez, qiyaniat. 
Resuscitate, a, jildnd, zinda k., ibya 

k. 
Retail, v. kburda-becbna, khurda- 

farosbi k., pbutkar becbna. 
Retain, v, rakbna, laga r., tikdnd, 

nigah r. 
Retaliate, v. badld d., iwaz d., inti- 

qam k. 
Retaliation n. badld, iwaz, intiqdm, 

mukdfdt. 
Retard, v, atkana, bdz r., takhir k., 

mana k.. 
Retcb, V. qai k., ukndj chLiorna. 



REV 



239 



REV 



, n. baz-dari, imsak, qaidj 

' a. gunjaishi; hifzdar, 
-lidfiza. 

«. jal-dar, jhanjliri-dar, 
bak. 
I. sa\yca'i, jilau, hash mat, 

nt^^-jana, hat-jana, dab- 
)she men j una. 
'. clihipa, gosli-gir, khal- 
hin. 

it, ??. khalwat, tanhai, go- 
in'ni, farjigat, niazuli. 
K palta d., palat-mama, 
talkh d. 

. inkar k., batil k., man- 
, bat pherna. 

n, khalwat-gah, gosha; 
gurez, panah. 
. paspii h., pnsht d., pith 
z k., panah 1, 
V, chhantna, kam k., gha- 

aent, n, chhant, chliataii, 
qata. 

n, n. mnkafat, jaza, bad- 
, talafi. 

^0, a. phir-p line-jog, islah- 
abil-i-shifa. 
V. phir pana, isluh k., 

Ind. 

c, 71. paspa, "wapas-rau ; 

mukhalif. 

t, ) n. pas-bini, pas- 

tion, J nazari, baz- 



i'. pichhe ko thelna, dlia- 
a ghiiscrna. 

phirna, phir ana ya jana, 
; pliir dena ya bhojna, 
I., jawab d., tahwil k. 

phirar., phor, baz-gasht, 

fa. 

n. baz-^asl, phir-iiiihu'i, I 

• 

. phii'-jorna, phir-mibia yu 

z ;hir k., ashkara k., hu- 
., fash k. 

lish-o-ashrat k., badmasti 
ndham k. 



Revelation, n. izhar, ifsha; "wahi, 

tanzil, ilham, Mukashifat ki kitab 

jo Injil men hai. 
Revehy, n, aisb-o-ashrat, bad-masti, 

dhiim-dham; chakarba. 
Revenge, n. intiqam, jaza, padash, 

badla. 
Revenge, v. intiqam 1., padash 1., 

badla 1., palta 1. 
Revengeful, a. kin a -war, kina-kosh, 

pnr-kina. 
Revenger, n. intiqam-gir, kinu- 

gnzar, muntaqim. 
Revenue, n. malgnzari, khiraj, baj, 

mahsiil, rusiim, madakhal. 
Reverberate, r. nchhal jana, giinjna. 
Revere, v, takrim k., tazim k., bu- 

znrg janna, ihtiram k. 
Reverence, n, takrim, tazim, ihti- 
ram, ikram, sal am. 
Reverend, a, mutarim, aziz, muaz- 

zam mukarram. 
Reverential, a, muaddab, tazim- 

numa, ihtiram-kar. 
Reverently, ad» adab-sc, ba kamal- 

i-ikram. 
Reverie, n. be-hiida khiyal, sheikh- 
chilli ka sa mansuba ya man- 

mauj, khiyal-i-la yani. 
Reverse, v, pherna, nltdna, bai'aks 

k., munqalib k. 
Reverse, n. nlta,.aks, inqilab, khilaf; 

bad-bakhti, afat. 
Reversion, n, haqq-i-wirasat, gar- 
dish. 
Revert, v. phirna, baz ^na. 
Review, v. phir dckhntj, baz nazar 

k., jf'inchna, taftish k., arz-i-lash- 

kar k. 
Review, n, nazar-i-sani, miiqabila; 

taftish; arz-i-lashkar. 
Revile, v, gali d., diishnam d., malii- 

niat k. 
Reviler, ?i. mah'mat-go, tana-zan. 
Rcvisal, 71, n:i2ar-i-sani, mnqiibiiij, 

islah. 
Revise, v. nr.zar-i-sani k., muqabila 

k. 
Revival, a. jilaii; tazagi, sarsabzi. 
Revive, v. ji nthna, sarsabz h., tazd 

h., baz zinda h., jagana; jilana, 

zinda k. 



SI a 



240 



RIT 



Revoke, v. raetna, utli& d., man- 

siikh k. 
Revolt, n. baguwat, bargaslitagi, 

inliiruf. 
Revolution, «. gardish, daur, danran, 

ghiimaii; tabdil-i-saltanat, taliwil- 

i-dawari. 
Revolve, v, pliirna, ghiimna, daurk., 

gardish k., fikr k., andcshu k., 

gaur k. 
Reward, n. ajr, jaza, bakhshish, sa- 

wab, mnzd. 
Rhapsody, n, gitonka majmiiii. 
Rhetoric, n, ilm-i-kalam, ilm-i-fasa- 

hat. 
Rheumatism, n. bat, Tvaja-i-mafasil, 
Rhinoceros, n. gainda, gargadan. 
Rhyme, n. qafiya, saja, radif, nazm. 
Rhythm, n. tal, lac. 
Rib, w. pasli, panjri. [chiyat. 

Ribaldry, n. phakkar, fushiyat, pii- 
Riband, n. fita, qor. 
Ri^bbed, a. panjri-dar, pahlii-dar. 
Rice, n, (in the husk) dhan, shall — 

(cleaned) chawal, birinj — (boiled) 

bhat, khushka. 
Rich, a, maldar, tawangar, daulat- 

inand, zardar, mewadar, mithn. 
Riches, n, mal, daulat, mal-o-mata, 

zar-o-zewar. 
Rick, n. tiida, tdl, dher. 
Rid, V, chhorana, dzdd k., nikdl d., 

dafa k. 
Riddance, n. chhiitkdra, dzadi; dafa. 
Riddle, n. chalni, ghirbal; paheli, 

muamma, chistan. 
Ride, V, sawar h., charhnd, baithnd; 

langar-par h. 
Rider, n. sawar, rdkib, faris. 
Ridge, n. mend, tila, pushtd; mun- 

deri, bala-e-khana; qulla, shikan, 

chin. 
Ridicule, n, thattha, thatholi, hansi, 

tazhik, sukhriya, hansi. 
Ridiculous, a. muzhik, sukhra an- 

gez, ydwa, harza, be-hiid^. 
Rifle, V, liitna, garat k., churand. 
Rifle, n, banduq. 
Rig, V. drasta k., sanwarna. 
Right, a. laiq, wajib, shaistd; thik, 

durust, sahih, rast, bardbar, 

dahina. 



Right, int. khiib, khair; thik, aadu -^ 
Right, n. haqq; insdf, ad'l; ikhtiyir, '^ 

mal ; dahna, tarf-i-rdst. ' .*. 

Righteous, a. nek, riist, salish, safi^ 

rdshid. _ 

Righteousness, w. neki, rdstf, sidq, 
saUhiyat. 

Rightful, a, haqiqi, haqq-dar, mns- 

tahaqq. 
Rigid, a. karra, sakht, dupslit, tj 

tund, shadid. '' 

Rigidity, n. karai, sakti, dnrushtl. 
Rigour, n, sakht, thand, sardi. 
Rigorous, a. karra, sakht, shadid; 

thik. 
Rill, n. sota, nala, chhoti nahr. 
Rim, n, kinara, lab, kor. 
Rind, n. chhal, chhilka, post, qishr. 
Ring, n. halqa, kundli, kara; dairi, 

gherd; chhalla, angiithi, angia- 

tari. • 

Ring, V. bajand, jhankamfi, jhan- 

jhanana, thanthandnA. 
Ringdove, n. haradm, fakhta. 
Ringleader, n. sar-i-garoh, sar-i- 

halqd, mabui-e-fasdd. 
Ringlet, n, zulf, kdkul, gesii, diiri. 
Ring-worm, w. ddd, bhainsa-dad. 
Rinse, v. khahgdlnA, kocbburni, 

dhona. [Igr. 

Riot, n. hangdma, gangd, dangd, hul- 
Riotous, a, dangebaz, fitna-angez, 

aubash. 
Rip, V. pharna, chdk k., chnna, 

khol d. 
Ripe, a. pakkd, pukhtd, rasidd, bS- 

lig, taiydr. 
Ripen, v. paknd, rasidd h., pdkan^. 
Ripeness, n. pak>ii, pukhtagi, rasi- 

dagi, liydqat. 
Ripple, V. pani hilnd, lahrana. 
Rise, V. uthnd, khard h., charhna, 

tulii h., ngnd, zdhir h., barhnd, 

ziyadd h., taraqqi k., dgdz k.' 
Rise, n, dgaz, asl, ibtidd, taraqqi, 

ziyddati. 
Rising, n, uthnd, halwa. 
Risible, a. zdhik, khanda-khez. 
Risk, n, khatrd, dar. 
Risk, «. khatre men ddlnd. 
Rite, n. rasm, qdidd, ain, tariqd, 

ravish. 



ROL 



241 



ROU 



Ritual, n. qdida-o-rasm-i-alUh, ki- 

tab4-fiqa. 
Eiyal, n, harif, raqib, ham-khwdli, 

ham-matlab. 
Bivalry, n. harifi, riqabat, rashk, 

gairat. 
Eiye, v. maskana ya matakna, cliir- 

na, pharna. 
• Eiyer, «. darya, riid, naddi, nalir. 
EiVet, V. mekh se jarnd, mekh, mar- 

na, baiidbna. 
Riyalet, n, cbhoti nadi, nabr, nala. 
Hoad, n. rasta, rab, sarak, tariqa, 

ravisb, langar-gab, kisbti gab. 
Roadstead, n, langargab. 
Roam, V. ramna, bbatakna, pbirna. 
Roan, a. cbal, badami rang. 
Roar, V, garajna, gargarana, cbilla- 

na, awaza k. [awaz. 

Roar, n, garaj, gargarabat, gnrisb. 
Roast, V. kabab k., bbiinna, biryan 

k,, tazbik k. 
"Rob, V. cburdna, cbori k., duzdi, 

rjtb marna. 
Robber, n. cbor, duzd, rabzani, da- 

kait, Mtcra. 
Robbery, n. cbori, duzdi, rabzani, 

dakaiti, liit. 
Robe. n. j4md,, qaba, pairaban, 

kbilat. 
Robuit, a. tanomand, zorawar, sbab- 



zor, sina-zor. 



Rock, n. cbattan, bara pattbar* 

sang-i-azam, panab. 
Rock, V. bilana, dolana, dolna. 
Rocket, n. bayyai ban. 
Rock-salt, V. sendba namak, namak- 

labauii. 
Rocky, a. patbrila, sonistdn, sakht. 
Rod, n, cbbari asa, latbi. 
Roe, n. birni, gayyazn, macbbli ka 

anda. [lubuz. 

Rogue, n. baramzada, dagab^z, bi- 
Roguery, n. baramzadagi, dagabazi, 

fareb, bila. 
Roll, t\ gbiirana, pbirna, daur k., 

gardisli k., gbumana, pbiiana, 

gardish d., cbarkb k. — (if^p) la- 

pctna — (about) lotpot k. 
Roll, n. gbumao, gardisb, fard, das- 

ta, fibrist; daftar — (of bread) 

piyala ki roti. 



Rolling-pin, n. belan, lapetan. 
Romance, n. afsaua> qissa, dastan, 

kabani. 
Romantic, a. ajib, ajab, kbiyiili. 
Romp, V, acbpalui k., kbar-masti 

kami. 
Romping, n. acbpalai, kbirs-bazi. 
Rondel, n, gola. 

Rondure, n. daira, balqd ya daur. 
Rood, n, zamin ki paimaisb. 
Roof, n. cbbappar, ebb an, cbbat, 

bam, saqf. 
Roof, V, cbbappar dulnd, patna, 

cbliana. 
Rook, n. kauwa; dagabdz, tbag. 
Room, n. jagab, maqam, ja; kamrd, 

kotliri, badla, iwaz. 
Roomy, a. kusbada, wasi, farakb. 
Roost, n. basera, cbakkas. 
Root, n. jar, miil, bekb, asl, 

masdar, may a, bunyad; jazr, 

maada. 
Root, V, jar pakarna, garna; pbail- 

na — (up J ukliania, ujarna. 
Rooted, a. garu-bua, jar pakarke, 

asli, mazbiit, qaim. 
Ropa^ n. rassi, dord, dori; rasan^ 

resman. 
Rosary, w. tasbih, subba. 
Rose, n, gulab. 

Hose-water, w. gulab, arq-i-gulab. 
Rosin, n, duma, dbiina, ral. 
Rosy, a. gulgun, gulfiim, gulrukb- 

sar. 
Rot, V, sarna, galna, bosida b. 
Rot, n. saran, galan, bosidagi. 
Rotation, n, pbirag, gbumao, gar- 
disb, cbarkb. 
Rotatory, a. gardisb-dar, cbarkbi. 
Rote, n, nok-i-zaban, bifz. 
Rotund, a. mudawwar, kurai ya 

mustadir. 
Rotundity, n, golai yd guldi, kurai 

ya mustadir siirat. 
Rouge, a, surkh; ek qism ka surkh 

rang; ek qism ke surkb rang-se 

rangnuya potna. 
Rougb, a. kbur-kliura yd kbar-kba- 

ra, na-mulaim, na-bamwdr, gundd 

kbdtn ya bad daul. 
Rouglien, v. kbarkbara k. yd b.. 



Eo 



ROY 



242 



RUI 



Roughly, ad.n&'hamwAri se, sakhti 

turghi, talkhi, be-adabi, durusbti 

ya bad-aklilaqi se. 
Roughiifss, n. nu-hamwari, sakhti, 

turshi, durusbti ya na-tarashi- 

dagi. 
Rough-draw, v. bhadda ya motanaq- 

sba khinchna. [binii. 

Rouleau, n. chhotu binra yd pulinda 
Round, a, mudawwar, mustadar, 

kurai ya kura-war. 
Roundish, a. gol-sa, gol-gol-sa, 

mudawwar-sa, kisi qadr mudaw- 
war. 
Roundlet, n, chhota diira y6 halqa. 
Roundly, ad. gol shaql men, s4f-suf. 
Roundness, n. golai ya gulai, piiru- 

pun, chiknuhat, safai. 
Roundabout, a. pechida ya pech-k4, 

be-rabt ya be-zabt, wasi ya ku- 

shada. 
Rouse, V. be-dar k. ya h., harakat d., 

ya hoshyar k. 
Rout, n. hujiira, awwumm-un-nus, 

izdiliam ya amboh. 
Rout, n, hazimat, shikast, bhagar. 
Rout, r. shikast d., hazimat d. 
Route, V. rah, rastu, rastd, safar ya 

musafarat. 
Routine, n, dastiir-ul-amal ya kum 

ki rah, rabt ya amal. 
Rove, V. phirnd, gbiimna, bhataktd, 

gasht k. 
Rorer, n. dwara ya harzu-gard, 

duzd, rdh-zan. 
Roving, n. sair, harzd-gardi, ghiira- 

na, phirna. 
Row, n. satar yi satr, saff, qatnr. 
Row, n. hangam^ ya, shor-sharabd, 

kharkhashd. 
Row, V. khewna, khena, danr-mdmd, 

cbalana. 
Rower, w. khewne w., dynri, manjhi, 

khewanhar, khewak, khewat ya 

khewatiya. 
Royal, a, shahi, bf'idshahi, padshahi, 

khusrawi ya maliki. 
Royalist, n, padsbah-dost, pud- 

shahi-dost, badshah-banda. 
Royalty, n. badshdhi, shahi, padshu- 

hat, tdjwari. 
Roynish, a. kamina, puji. 



Roytish, a. be-lagam j& beqaid, 

qaida. 
Rub, V. main a, ponchhna, jbi 

pharchhana. 
Rubbish, n, kdra, katwa, kai 

ghas-phiis. 
Rubstone, n. jhanwa, ghotna, si 
Ruby, n. la*l-la'l ya yaqiit-i-ran 

koi surkh-cliiz. 
Rubicund, a. surkh-mail, kisi q 

surkh. 
Rubify, V. surkh k., la'l k. 
Fiubificution, n. surkh-Sc.zi. 
Rubric, a. surkh ya la'l; ahkai 

hidayatcn joibadat, aur aii 

kitabon men chhapi hui bain. 
Hubricate, v, surkhi se uisLai 

surkh nishan k. 
Ruddle, n. lu*l-matti. 
Ruddy, a, surkh, la'l-fam, la'l, 
Ruddiness, w. surkhi, la'li, la'l i 
Rude, a, na-tr:*shida, na-ham 

be-adab. 
Rudely, a. be-adaband, nadnrus 

gustakhuna ya bad-akhlaqi s 
Rudeness, n, na-tarashidagi, 

dagi, sadagi, bc-saliqi ya kh; 
Rudiment, n. asl ya qa'ida, bel 

bun y ad. 
Rudimental, a. asli, bunyadi, un 

agazi. 
Rue, V. afsos k., gam k., taassu 
Rueful, a. ranj-awar, gam-khez 
Ruffian, w. haramzuda ya mai 

qatil. 
Ruffle, n. shikan dalna, chin d; 

darham-barham k. 
Ruffler, n, khud-farosh, kalljj 

ya shekhi-baz. 
Ruffling, n. ashob, harj-marj 

ban gam a. 
Rug, n, kammal, kambal, dhi 

pattii, nabda. 
Rugged, a. andhcb-faraz, nd-1 

war, na-mauzi\n. 
Rugine, n, soh«nn-i-jarr{ih. 
Rugose, a, shikan-dar, chin 

pur-chin. 
Rugosity, n. shikan-dari, chin- 

pur-shikani. 
Ruin, n, tabahi ya mismari, zf 

inhidam. 



RUS 



243 



SAC 



3, w. khuk yd mism^r k., zer- 

ar ya tali-o- bala k. 

on, n, iuliidam, tabahi, klia- 

s, a. munhadim yd pdemali 

lat men. 

. aar-daii, sahibi ji amal far- 

rawi, hukmrani, hakimi ya 

lut. 

'i. hakim ya sar-dar, nazim 

nil. 

. ek qism ki sharab jo gur se 

. liai. 

. qadimul-waz, ajib, ajab. 

. ajib sliakhs. 

'9 V. gargarana, khalkbalana, 

liana. 

lie, V. pagurand, paur k., 

k« 

mt, a, pagurdne wula, jngali 

ition, n. jngdli, pagur, soch, 

ti. 

ige, V. lethdr-marna, dbiinrli- 

d, kliojna. 

r, n. afwdli, sliulirat, char- 

?ap. 

rer, n, mukhbir, afwdh, phai- 

w. 

n, cli^tar, chakki, putthd yd 

I 

3, n, filiikan, cLin, tab, na- 

var. 

, daurnd, dhana yd rapatnd, 

na. 

, w, ek chlioti nadi, nald. 

', n, qasid, dawindd, daurdha, 

ik, 

ay, w. firari, gurez-pd. 

ite, n, firari, sar-kagh yd 

j.n. danda, sirhi kn danda. 
n. dandd, jahaz ki chbat ki 
• 
n. riipiya, rupaiya. 

e, n. shiltastagi, judai yd 
[, sbikast. 

1, w. sbikast, dardr, tiit. 

n, dibi, dibdti. 

;t, n. dibdti, dibqdni, 

n, hikmat-i-amli yd fann- 

>, bilu. 



Rush, V. jbapatna, dapatnd, pilna, 

dantnd, tiitparna. 
Ruslitr, n. jbapatne w., dapatne w., 

pilne w., daurne w. 
Rushing, n. halchal, jhapat, dapat, 

daur, pildw. 
Rugset, a. gandum-giin, gandum- 

rang. 
Rusty, a. zang^dliida, zangdri, zang- 

khurda. [chdnd. 

Rustle, V, kharkharand, machma- 
Rustling, n. kharak, kharkardhat, 

macbmachdhat. 

« 

Ruttish, a. mast, shahwati. 

Ruth, n. tarahhum, rahm yd dard, 
afsos yd ranj. 

Ruthful, a. miiirbdn ya shafiq, gam- 
gin yu gamnak. 

Ruthless, a. be-rahm yd sang-dil, 
be-dard yd be-tars. 

Rutilant, a, cliamaktd hud, tdbdn, 
tabndk. 

Ruttle, n, gale ki gharghardhat, 
yd gargarahat. 



S. 



S. Angrezi haruf tahajji ka unnis- 

wdn harf. 
Sabaolh, n, afwdj, lashkar, zor. 
Sabbath, w. roz-i-tdtil, roz-i-dram- 

o-ibddat. 
Sabbatical, a. yaom-us-sabti, roz-i- 

tatil Be muta'alliq yd uske bard- 
bar. 
Sable, n. samiir, postin. 
Sabot, 71. kath kd juta, kath ki juti, 
Sabe, 71. shamsher, teg, samsam. 
Sacchaiine, a. thakkar sifat, shak- 

kari, mithd. 
Sack, n. gon, bord, thaili; tdkht-o- 

tardj, liit-pdt. 
Sack, V, mdr lend, hamla karke-le- 

lenji, Mtna, gdrat k. 
Sackbut, 71. algoza, munhkal. 
Sackcloth, n, tat, da]q, ajar, matami 

tdt. 
Sacrament, n, qasam, saugand; ta- 

barruk, m aba-par sad. 
Sacramental, a. tabarruki. 
Sacred, a. mnqaddas, ma^ld \v4k, 

mutabairik. 



SAI 



244 



SAIf 



Sacredness, w. taqaddus, pi.ki, beza- 

wali, amit. 
Sacrifice, v. charhana; qurban k., 

wamd, bal d. 
Sacrifice, n. qurbdni, zabah, tasad- 

duq. 
Sacrificial, a. qurbani, fidai. 
Sacrilege, n. kaf anchor!, tabarrukat 

ki cliori. 
Sacrilegious, a, kafan-chor, tabarru- 
kat- chor. 
Sacrilegiously, ad, tabarrukdt chori 

ki tarah par. 
Sad, a. ud6s, gamgin, maliil, andoli- 

gin. 
Sadden, v. nialiil k., udas k., gam- 
gin k., dilgir k. 
Saddle, w. zin, katlii palan. 
Saddle t?. zin d., cbarjiima d. 
Saddler, n. zinsaz. 
Sadly, a. gjimgini se, dilgiri se, 
Sadneis, n. udasi, malal, qalaq. 
Safe, a, mahMz, sulim, saldmat, be- 

khatra. 
Bafeconduct, n. rdbdari ka parwana, 

badriqa. 
Safeguard, n. himayat, pushtpanah. 
Safely, a. salamti se, ba-khair-o- 

khiibi. 
Safety, n. salumati, aman, hif£zat, 

amniyat. 
Saflfron, n, zafr^n, kesar. 
Sag, V, bhdri k., ladna, bojhna. 
Sagacious, a. tez, thatur, siyana, 

tezfalim, zahin. 
Sagacity, n, tez fabini, ziid fahmi, 

chaturdi, siyanpan, firs at, sliudr. 
Sage, n, ddna admi, ^qil, zirak, 

fazil, alim, hakim. 
Sagely, ad, dan4i se, aql-mandi-se. 
Sago, w. sagu dana, sabii ddna. 
Said, pr. kaha, bola, master, maz- 

kiir. 
Sail, n. pal, badban; ek jahdz. 
Sail, V, pal se jana, darya men jan^. 
Sailor, n, mallah, kishtiban^ na- 

khuda. 
Sailyard, n. pdldandi. 
Saint, n. wall, sidh, darwesh, pir, 

siifi, sadh. 
Saintly, Saintlike, a, mauqaddas, 

darwcshan^; buzurganu, piriina. 



Sake, n. wasta, sabab, kh&tir, lifc^ 

lihdz. 
Salacious, a. mast, shahwati. 
Salad, n. salata, sag-ka ach^r. ' 
Salamander, n. samandary ug U 

kira. 
Salary, n, siliy^na, wazifa^ tankli" 

Tvah. 
Sale, n. bikao, bikri, farokht. 
Saleable, a. bekdii, bikauLar, farolh- 

tani. 
Salesman, n. faroshinda, dalUl. 
Salework, n, biktii-chiz, bazani as- 

bab ya kam. 
Salebrous, a, arbar^ nd-hamwir, 

nasheb-fariz. 
Salient, a. jahindd, uclihlati^ hidne 

wala, 
Salino, Salinout, a. namkin, khdri 
Saliya, n. thiik, ral, ludb. ' 






Balivata, v. munh-land, thuk-dni. 
Salivation, w. ludbawari, munh-ldnA. 
Ballet, n. khod, migfar, top. 
Sallow, a, malin, pild, zard, phlki 
Sally, n, libhdr, jhapat, tdkht; lahr, 

buland-parwazi, subki, be-8ab4tL 
Sally, V. jhapatna, daurna, nikal- 

parna, dbharnd, ^hurtij k. 
Saloon, n. dalan, shahnishiij. 
Salt, a. namak, lona, khdra, ihor, 

sal on a, zardfat, zdiqa, latdfat. 
Salt, V. namkin k., mazeddr k. 
Salt, n. kiid, phaldng, chaukarf, 

kuldnch. 
Saltant, a. kiidne w., uchhalne v., 

ndchne w. 
Salt-cellar, n. namakddn. 
Salter, n, namak-farosh, loniyd. 
Saltish, V, kisi qadr namkin. 
Saltpetre, n, shord. 
Salubrious, a, sihhatbakhth, khnsli- 

gawdr, muwdfiq, shdfi. 
Salubrity, n. sihhatdwari, klxuabga- 

wari, muwdfaqt. 
Salutary, v, sihhatdwar, mnfid, fii- 

ddmand, ndri. 
Salutation, n, saldm, sahib saldmat) 

bandagi, kornish. 
Salute, V, saldm k , dast basar h, 

komith k., bosa d. 
Salute, n, saldm, dud^ durtid^ a8i^ 

bdd; bosd; kornish. 



< 



SAN 



245 



SAT 



Salutiferous, a. sihliat-dwar, sihliat- 

afza, mufid. 
Balvability, n. imkan-i-najut, rihai 

paziri. 
Balvable, a. mnmkin-ul-najat, rui- 

tagari-pazir. 
Salvage, 71. diibte mal.ke bachdne 

ka sila ya ajr. 
Salvation, n. najht, mukt, rustagari. 
Salve, n. marham, lep. 
^>alve, V, marham-patti k., aram k. 
Salver, w. tabaq, khwancha, kisliti. 
Same, a. wulii, yilii, human, ekbi, 

barabar, mutasawi, eksan. 
Sameness, n.yaksani, barabari, ekai. 
Sample, n. namiina, nazir, misal. 
Sampler, n. kasida ya silai ka na- 
miina. 
Sanable, a. sibhat-pazir, sbafi. 
Sanative, a. sbafi, sibbat-awar, 

sbifa-bakbsb. 
Sanctification, n, taqdis, taqaddus, 

paki. 
Sanctify, v, pdk k., muqaddas k. 
Sanctimonious, a. muqaddas-numd, 

mutbarrak-numa, awliya-siirat. 
Sanctimony, n, taqaddus, pdki, 

awliydi, taqwa, wall sirati. 
Sanction, n. bukm, amr, ijazat, 
Sanctitude, Sanctity, n, quds, paki, 

tabdrat, safai. 
Sanctuary, n, maqdas, dargah, ma- 
man, pan ah -gab. 
Sand, n. ret, bald, reg, ramal. 
Sands, v. registan, reg-zdr. 
Sandal, ». kharaiin, ndlain. 
Sandal-wood, Sanders, n. sandal, 

cbandan. [bhura. 

Sandy, a. baliisd, retila, regi, bhur- 
Sane, a, bhald-changd, bahosb; 

sahib-dimag, tandurust. 
Sanguiferous, a, khiindwar, kbiin 

daurdne w. 
Sanguification, w. paidaisli-i-khiin, 

khdnawari. 
Sanguifier, n. khiindwar, khiin-afzd. 
Sanguinary, a. kbiinkbwdr, ]l^hiin- 

rez, khiini, sang-dil, qdtil. 
Sanguine, a. purkbiin, Idl, lobiisd; 

wdsiq, ummedwdr. 
Sanguineous, a. khiin ka s4, pur- 

Ichiin, 



Sanity, n. sihhat, changai, tandrus- 

ti, bahal tabiyat. 
Sanitary, a. mut'alliq sihhat, yd 

tandrusti. 
Sank, pr. diibd, garq-hua. 
Sap, n. ras, pani, araq, dddh; naqab, 

surang. 
Sap, V. surang lagdnd, naqab marna, 

sendh marnd, gird d., dha d. 
Sapid, a. kbuslimaza, mazcddr, 

khush-zaiqa. 
Sapience, n. aql, ddnai, ilm, ddnish- 

mandi. 
Sapient, n. ddna, aqil, waqiifdar, 

zirak, alim. 
Sapless, a. khushk, beras, purand. 
Sapor, n. mazd, saw ad, zaiqa, lazzat. 
Sapphire, n. nilam, ydqiit, safir. 
Sappiness, n. rasddri, shdddbi, serdbi. 
Sappy, a. rasild, shdddb, serab, araq- 

ddr. 
Sarcasm, n. ta'n, tanz, karwi-bat. 
Sarcastic, Sarcastical, a, tanz ya 

t'ana-dmez, sal^ht, tanz-go. 
Sarcophagous, a. goshtkhor. 
Sarcophagus, n. patthar ki tdbiit yd 

qabr. 
Sarcotic, n. gosht afzd dawa. 
Sarsaparilla, n. ushba, makoe-mag- 

rabi. 
Sash, 71. jal, patkd, scli; khirki kd 

dhdncha, chaukhtd. 
Satan, n, shaitdn. 
Satanic, Satanical, a. shaitdni, sha- 

rir, dozakhi. 
Satchel, n. juzddn, thaili. 
Sate, V. ser k., dsiida k. 
Satiate, a. bhard, ser, asiida. 
Satiate, v. pur k., dsiida k. 
Satiety, n. bharti, seri, dsiidagi. 
Satin, n, atlat, sdtin, tdfta. 
Satire, n, hajo, mazammat, tanz. 
Satiric, Satirical, a. hajoamcz, tanz- 
go, mazammatamoz. 
Satirist, n. hajogo, lipadhi, hajogar. 
Satirize, v, hajo k., mazammat k., 

nindd k. 
Satisfaction, n. khatir jamai, kha'tir 

khwdhi, taskin, khush-nudi, dil- 

joi. 
Satisfactorily, ad. khatir khwdhi se^ 
dilshddl se, klmshi se. 



SAY 



246 



SCA 



Satitfactory, a. khatir pasand, klia- 

tir kliwali, man-miin. 
Satisfy, v. kliatir jaiu'i k, razi k., 

khtitir kliwalii k. 
Saturate, v. bhar d., piira k., laba- 

lab bharna, »»er k. 
Saturday, n, sanichar, shamba. 
Saturity. n. piiri, bharao, seri. 
Saturn, n. zuhal, kaiwiin, sanichar. 
Saturnian, a. kaiwani, mansiib-ba- 

zulial; sonalira, tilai. 
Saturnine, a. udas, sanjida, maliil, 

tira, kara-mizaj, sakht. 
Savage, a. jangli, wahsUi, baydba- 

ni, sangdil, kattar. 
Savage, n, ban manui, jangli admi. 
Savagely, ad, berahmi-se, sangdili 

se. 
Sauce, n. chdslmi, chatni. 
Saucebox, n, gustakh, sUokh, beta- 

miz, bad-liyaqat. 
Saucepan, n, dabbu, degchi. 
Saucer, n, tashtari, tliali, sakord. 
Saucily, ad, gustakhi se, be tamizi 

yd be adabi-se. 
Sauciness, n. gushtdkhi, sbokbi, 

betamizi. 
Saucy, a, gusbtakh, dliitb, be-adab, 

be-tamiz. 
Saunter, v, phima, bdd-hawdi phir- 

nd, harzagardi k. 
Save, V. ba(;lidnd, saldmat r,, pandh 

d., himdyat k. 
Saving, a, kifdyati, juzras. 
Saviour, n. slidfi, luifiz. Al-Masih. 
Savory, w. ek qisni kd darakbt. 
Savour, n. maza, lazzat, sawdd. 
Savour, v, zdiqd-ddr h., bii r., mazd 

r., pasand k. 
Savoury, a. raazdddr, laziz, kbusb- 

gawdr, dil-pa«and. 
Saw, a, drd. 
Saw, V, dri so cbimd ya katnd, ard 

k. 
Saw-dust, n. lakri ki bukni, yd bbii- 

se, biirdda. 
Saw-pit, n. drd chaldne ki jagah, ard 

karne kd garhd. 
Sawer, Sawyer, n. drdkash, barabi. 
Say, V. bolnd, kahnd, bdt k., kaldm k. 
Saying, n, kalidwat, masal; bat, 

eakhuD; qaul; kaldm. 



Scab, n, kamina sbakbs; klidrisht; 
papri. 

Scabbard, n. niydm, k^t^ii, gilaf, 

miydn. 
Scabby, a, kliaristi. khasrapur. 
Scabrous, a. kharkhara, rukba. 
Scaffold, n. macbiin, chabiitra. 
Scaffolding, n, niacbun, bdra. 
Scalade, n. qile wg. ki diwur par 

sirhiyau laga ke gbus parnd ya 

hauila k. 
Scald, V, garam pdni wg. se jalana, 

jbulsand. 
Scale, n. palla, palra; machbli ka 

chhilka, fils. 
Scale, V, sirbi se cbarLnd; fils yd 

ehilku uthand. 
Scaled, a, clihilke dar, papri dar. 
Scaliness, n. chhilkeddri, filsddri. 
Scalpel, w. usturd yd nastar, jarrdb 

ki cbhuri. 
Scamble, v, cliulbuldna, dbumdbdm 

ya balclial machdnd. 
Scammony, n. saqmiiniyil, mah- 

miidd, ek qism kd darakbt. 
Scammoniate, a. saqnuuiiya yd mab- 

miide se banu hua. 
Scamper, v. bhdg-jand, satak-jana, 

cbampat bo jand. [k. 

Scan, V, taqti ya wazan k., imtilian 
Scansion, n, taqti, nazm ki wazan- 

bandi. 
Scandal, n, kisi qusiir se naraz, yd 

be-zdr. 
Scandalize, r. naraz ya bezark., tauh- 

mat lagand yd nd haqq bad-nam k. 
Scandalous, a, nd-pasand, zislit, 

karili yd ndraz, m'ayiib, zabiin^ 

fdhisha, ruswd sdz. 
Scant, V. anddza k., mabdud k., tang 

k., kam k. 
Scan tie, v. zdil qalil yd kotdli b., 

kam b. 
Scantly, a, dusbwari yd muslikil se, 

kotabi yd tangi-se, kami yd qil- 

lat-se. 
Scantness, n. tangi, kotabi, kami 

yd qillat. 
Scanty, a. tang, kotdb, qalil yd 

kam. 
Scantily, a, qillat yd kotabi se, 

kami ya tangi-se. 



SCE 



247 



SCO 



Scantiness, n, tangi, qillat, kotahi 

ya kami. 
Scantle, v. chhote chhote tukre k., 

tharthardna ya kanpna. 
Scantlet, n. ck clihota purza, ek 

clihota namiina. 
Scantling, n. clih©ti miqdar, andaza, 

naniiina. 
Scape, V. bhagna, bachna, nikal- 

bhagn^. 
Scapula, n. katf, shana, kandha. 
Scapular, Scapulary, a. katif-man- 

sub. 
Scar, n. zaklim ka nishan, dag, jal- 

jane k4 nisluin. 
Scarab, Scarabee, n, gubrauta, gnb- 

rila. 
Scarce, a. kam, tang ya qalil, kam- 

yab, nadir, sliaz. 
Scarce, Scarcely, ad, dusbwari ya 

sakliti se, musbkilan. 
Scarce, v. dnr dikband, kbaiif dikba- 

na, darana. 
Scarceness, Scarcity, n, kamyabi, 

kamti, qillat. kami, tangi. 
Scarf, n, orbni, dopatta, du-lai. 
Scarf-skin, n. jliilli, lipari cbamra, 

babari-cliam. 
Scarify, t?. kboncbi marna, cbbedna, 

kbiin-nikulna. 
Scarification, n. pachbnd, pacbbni. 
Scarlet, w. qirmizi-rang, gul-ndr, 

babut surkb rang. 
Scatb, V. nnqsan k. ya zarar pabun- 

cbana, talaf k., kliarab k. 
Scatbful, a. ziyan-kar, mulilik, ba- 

lilc, niuzirr. 
Scatbless, a. be-zarar, be-nnqsdn, 

be-ziyan. 
Scatter, v, clibitrana, mnntasbir ya 

paraganda k. 
Scattering, w. intisbar, bitbrdw, cbit- 

raw. 
Scatteringly, ad. idbar-udbar ya 

yabin kabin. [cba. 

Scatterling, a. awara, sbubda, lucb- 
Scavenger, n. kbak-rob, rah-rob, 

bb an gi. 
Scelerat, n. tbag, bad-zat, fasadi. 
Scene, w. manzar, tamaslia, madd-i- 

nazr, tamasba ki jagab. 
Scent, n, sbamnia, masbani; bii. 



Scent, V. siingbna; bii d., mu'ottar k. 
Scented, a. khiisb-bii-dar, muattar. 
Sceptic, n. abl-i-sbakk, munkir-i- 

wabi, kafir. 
Scepticise, v, sbakk ya sbubba k. 
Sceptre, n, asa-e-sbabi; qabza-e- 

saltanat. 
Scbedule, n. daftar, fard. fibrist. 
Scbeme, n. naqsba, tadbir, bikmat; 

maqsiid, matlab. 
Scbi«m, V, bid'at, kbalal. 
Scliolar, n. sbagird, talib-i-ilm, tal- 

miz; alim, faz 1, bakim. 
Scboliast, n. sbarib, hasbiya-navis, 

mufassir, tika karne w. 
Scbolium, w. basbiya, sharab, tafsir, 

tikd. 
Scbool, n, maktab, dabistan, ma- 

drasa. 
Scbool-fellow, n. bam-maktab, bam- 

dars, 
Scboolmaster, n. ustad, mull a, mi- 

yunji. 
Sclioolmistross, n, nstadni, mullani. 
Science, n, ilm, fann, hunar, bikmat. 
Scientific, a. ilmi, yaqini; alim, abl- 

i-danisb. 
Scimitar, n. sbamsber, nimcba, 

cbboti-talwar. 
Scintillate, v, cbingdri cliborna, 

cbingdri lirna. 
Sciolist, n. kam fabm, kam 'ilm, 

kbosba-cbin. 
Scion, n, tabni, sbakb; paiwand, 

k.alam. 
Sciribus, w. gilti, gnltbi, gantb. 
Scissors, n. qaincbi, miqraz. 
Scissible, a. kate jane ke qabil, 

katne ke laiq. 
Scoff, V, t*ana-zani k., istbiza k., 

tbattba k. 

• • • 

Scoffer, n. t'ana-zan, tanz-go, tbat- 

tbebaz. 
Scold, V. gall d., jbiiakna, malamat 

k., kbafa b. 
Scold, n. laraki, anrat-i-zabandardz. 
Scolding, (7. jbirka-jbiTki, t'ana-zani. 
Scolopendra, n. sunp, kankbajuni. 
Sconce, n. sbamadan; bisar, burj; 

jarimana. 
Scoop, r. batb se ntbana, niacin id, 

bakbairnd. 



SCR 



248 



scu 



Scoop, n. karchha, kiimi. 

Scope, n, irada, niyat, maqsad, 

garaz, azddi, iklitiyar, was'at, 

arsa, raaidun. 
Scorbute, n, khasra, pitti, kharisht. 
Scorch, V. jliulsauM, jliulasna, jaluna. 
Score, n. khandana, raldma, khatt, 

hisab; sabab, mujib, bis, kori. 
Scorn, V. liiqurat k., na-cbiz sam- 

ajhna. 
Scom, n. ibanat, mazmammat, biqa- 

rat, nacbiz. 
Scornful, a. ibtlnat numa, mudam- 

mag, mutanafifir. 
Scorpion, n, bicbcbbii, aqrab. 
Scoundrel, n, baramzada, badzat, 

qurramsaq, fiisiq, paji. 
Scour, V. luanjna, saiqal k., saf k., 

bbagjana, pet cbalna, jharna, 
Scourge, n. cbabuk, tazyana, kora, 

qamcbi. 
Scourge, v, cbabuk mama, kora 



marna. 



Scout, 71. jd-^Tis, kbabar gir, muta- 

j as sis. 
Scowl, V. gburakna, mun-terba k., 

cbinbajabin b. 
Scrabble, v. be-biida- nisban k., be- 

ni*ani nisban k. 
Rcrag, w. koi patli sbai. 
Scraggy, a, lagar, pcatla, kburkbura. 
Scramble, v, cbbinu-cbbani k., 

cbarbna. 
Scrap, n. cbbilan, cbbatan, katran, 

tuk, tukra. pani, purza. 
Scrape, v. cbbilna, cbbolna, kbu- 

racbna, ragarna, kbarasb k,, jama' 

k., jorna. 
Scrape, n. tangi, kasbmakash, mu- 

sbkil. 
Scraper, n. cbbolni, kburpi, kbu- 

racb-ne ka ala. 
Scrapings, n, kburcban, tarasha 

hiia. 
Scratch, v. kbujlana, khasotnd, no- 

chnd, bakotna. hakk k. 
Scratch, v. kbnront, balkd gbaw. 
Scrawl, v. bad kbat likbna, gbasitna, 

rengnti, lakiren k. 
Screak, Scream, v. cbikbna, chin- 

gbdrna, cbi liana, cbicbiyjlna. 
Screccb-owl, n, gbugbu, ullu. 



Screen, n, tatti, jhdnp, pard^ qandt. 
Screen, v, cbbipana, parda k., ba- 
ch ana. 
Screw, n, pecb. 
Screw, V. pecb dena; nicornd, dabd- 

na; datand. 
Scribble, v. qalam ghasitnd, bad- 

khatt likbna. 
Scribe, w. katib, navisanJa. 
Scrip, n. tbaili, kisa, ruqqa, purza, 

navisbtd. 
Scriptural, a. mutabiq, kitdb-i-mn- 

qaddas. 
Scripture, n, kitab-i-muqaddas. 
Scroll, n, fard, daftar, kdgaz lapeta 

hua. 
Scrotum, n. fota, tbaili. 
Scroyle, n. paji, kamind. 
Scrub, V. malnd, gbisnd, ragarnd. 
Scrub, n. siHa, baqir ddmi, dunyd, 

paji admi. 
Scruple, n. sbubba, shakk, wahm. 
Scruple, V. sbubba r., shakk k., 

wabm r. 
Scrupulous, a, waswasi, wahmi, 

sbakki. 
Scrutinize, r. taftish k., jdncbna, 

cbabna, justjii k. 
Scrutiny, n, taftish k., tajassug, im- 

till an, j anch. 
Scuffle, n. kbainchd-khdinchi, dhaul 

dbappa, dbakkam-dbakka, mdr- 

pit. 

Sculk, V. chbip rahnd, dabak yd 

gbus-rahna. 
•Scull, n. khopri, kdsa-c-sir, dand, 

macbbliyon ka jbund, kishti." 
Sculptor, w. sang-tarash, naqqdsh, 

but-saz. 
Sculpture, n. sang-tarashi, naqqd- 

shi, but-sazi. 
Scum, n. phen, kaf, mail, jhdg. 
Scupper, n. abrezi-jahaz. 
Scurf, n, papri, bb^si. 
Scunile, w. bazzdl, zalil, pdji, ka- 

mina. 
Scurrility, ?i. gali, dushndm, zaban- 

darazi. 

Scurrilous, a. zabdn daraz, kalla- 

baz. 
Scurvy, n. zalil, pjiji, diin, bad- 

ma'ash. 



SEO 



249 



SED 



Scytlie, n, hansu:i, dasa. 

Sea, 71. saniiiiiilar, daryti-i-slior, balir. 

Seal, 71. muliilr, klultim, cliliap; ek 

daryiii j an war. 
Seal, V. muliar k. ya d., mustalikiiri 

k., Itikli lagan a. 
Sealing-wax, n. lakh, Ukli-ki batti. 
Seam, 7i. sivvau, dokht, darz, jor. 
Seam, v. jorna, millana, siiai k., 

pagna, sin a. 
Seaman, n. mallah, jaliazi, khallasi. 
Seamless, a. be-doklit, bo^silai, ek- 

para. 
Sea-port, «. bandar, gliat. 
Sea-service, 7i. khidmat-i-jaliaz. 
Sea-slioro, w. darya-ka-kinar, lab-i- 

saliiL 
Sea- term, n. jaliazi-bat. 
Sear, v. jalana, kluislik k., jlmlasna. 
Search, ?i. talash, just-o-jd, taftish, 

tajassus, khoj, dhiindh. 
Search, v. talasli k., just-o-ju k., 

taftish k., khojna, dhiiiidlina, 

jhai;a 1. 
Searcher, ?i. joindii, joya, miitaltishi, 

khoji, dhundhne w. 
Season, w. mansam, fasl, aiyam, za- 

mana, waqt, muwafiq-waqt. 
Season, v, masalah d., maza-dar k., 

pakka k. [laiq. 

Seasonable, a. bar-waqt, bar-mahall, 
Seasoning, n. masalah, raaza. 
Seat, n. chauki, kursi, nishastg^, 

mukan, muqam, jae, jagah. 
Seat, v. baithalna, qaim k., jagah 

d., letna. 
Secant, n, khatt-i-qat'i, sahm-i-qaiis. 
Secede, n. nikalna, chhiitna, kinara- 

kashi k., kharij h. 
Secession, n. inhiraf, phut, nikal, 

'itizal. 
Seclude, v. bahir k., kharij k., alag 

k., juda k. 
Seclusion, n. khalwat, tanhai, parda- 

nishini. 
Second, a. diisra, doyam, sani. 
Second, n, sathi, madadgdr, pushti- 

ban. 
Second, t;. madad k., pushti d., yari 

k., dusr-» ke b' ad-ana. " 



Second-hand, a, utra-hua, nuistamal. 
Secondly, acL saniyan, diisre, du- 

wum. 
Secrecy, w. tanhai, pinhani, ikhfa, 

parda-poshi, raz. 
Secret, a. chhipa, pinhan, poshidii, 

makhfi. 
Secret, n. raz, sirr, bhed, parda. 
Secretary, n. mir-munshi, huziir- 

navis, sar-i-daftar, diwan. • 
Secrete, v. chhipana, pinhan k., po- 

shida k., badan ki rutiibat ko 

juda k. 
Secretion, ?i. tafriq, rezish, badni- 

rutubat. 
Secretly, ad. chhipake, gaibana, po- 

shidagi-se, khdfyatan. 
Sect, n lirqa, zat, jamaat, mazhab. 
Sectarist, } n, khariji, raflzi, panthi. 
Sectary, j kisi khass mazhabi 

firqe ka pai-rau. 
Section, n. fasl, qata', juz, hissa, 

bab. 
Sector, n. 'ilm-i-riyazi men napne ka 

ek ala. 
Secular, a. diinyavi, dunya-dar, 

dahri. 
Secularize, v. dunyavi ista'mal men 

land, dunyavi kani men lagana. 
Secure, a. musallam, mahtuz, be- 

khatra ; barqarar, ustu-wiir; bo- 

khabar, be-parwah. 
Secure, v. ba-chana, mahfiiz r., mu- 
sallam k.; muqarrar k; barqarar 

k., qaid k. 
Security, 7i. bachao, aman, salamati; 

zamini, kafalat; bekhabri, be- 

parwai. 
Sedan, w. doli, pdlki, miana- 
Sedate, a. dhira, dhima, sakin, qa- 

rar-mizaj, ahista. 
Sedentary, a. sakin, be harakat. 
Sediment, n, talchhat, gad, durd. 
Sedition, n. fitna, fasad, ashob.han- 

gama, balwa. [bagi. 

Seditious, a, fitna-angez, mufsid. 
Seduce, v, phuslana, bhulana, war- 

galana, bhatkana, targib d. 
Seducer, w. phuslao, wargaluninda, 

bahkane w. 



Secondary, a. darja-i-saaikd, kihtar, | Seduction, n. phuslahat, igwa, gum- 



, nich. 



rah-sazi, fareb, targib, 



Ei 



SEM 



250 



SEP 



Sedulous, a. sdi, mashgiil, kosliish 

k. w., mihnati. 
See, V. dekhna, nazar k., nigiili k., 

mulahiza k., samajhna, daryaft 

k., dekh pana. 
See, int, dekli ! dekho ! lo ! 
Seed, n, bij, tukhm, dana; nutfa, 

ma'ni, aulaxl, nasi. 
Seeing, n. nazar, binai, basa — (that) 

zeniki, chiinki. 
Seek, V, dhiindbnd, khojna, talasli 

k., just-o-jii k., taftisli k. ; miing- 

na, darkliwast k. 
Seem, v. malum k., zaliir h., sujli- 

na, dekhparna. 
Seemingly, ad, zahiran, suratan, 

dekhno men. 
Seemly, a. shaista, saza'wur, muna- 

sib, arasta. 
Seer, n, bina, ahl-i-nazar, gaibdan. 
Seeth, V, sijhdna, sijna, pakana. 
Segment, n. fasla, qata', qush, daire- 

ka-liissa. 
Seine, n. bara jal, maclilili pakaine 

ka jal. 
Seize, v. pakarna, pakar 1., girift k., 

qabza k., lelena. 
Seizure, n. pakar, girift, giriftagi, 

qabza, akhz. 
Seldom, ad. kablii-kablu, shiizz, 

tliora, kamtar, gahc-gahe. 
Select, V, cliunna, inlikbab k., pa- 
sand k. 
Select, a. chuna-bua, guzida, mun- 

takliab. [sand. 

Selection, a, cTiunao, intikliab, pa- 
Self, p, lip, kliud, nafs; in {comp) 

hi, i. 
Self-conceit, n. klmd-bini, khud pa- 

sandi, khud rdi. 
Self-defence, n, jan-ki hifazat, hima- 

yat-i-nafs. 
Selfish, a, khud garaz, garaz-mand, 

khud-mat^ ab . 
Self-murder, n, khud-kushi, qatl-i- 

nafs. 
Self-same, a, ekhi, wohi, aphi, woh. 
Sell, V. bechna, bikaua, farokht k., 

ba' k. 
Seller, w. b^chne-wala, faroshinda. 
Semblance, n. mushabahat, numa- 

ish, zuhiir. 



Semi, a, adh, adha, nim, nisf. 
Semicircle, n, nim-daira, adh-ghera. 
Semicircular, n, nim-daira-dar, adh 

gol. 
Seminary, n. maktab, madrasa. 
Semivowel, n. nim-'irab, nim-harf- 

illat. 
Senate, n. majlis amiri, diwdn, 

saliih-karon ki majlis. 
Senator, 71. ahl-i-majlis, ahl-i-diwan, | 
Send, n. bhejna, irsiU k., rawdnak., 

pahunchana-— (/or ) bold-bhejna, 

manguna, dawat k. 
Senior, a. bara, kabir, sAl-dida. 
Seniority, n. barai, buzurgi, piri. 
Senna, n, sanay, sanay-makki. 
Sennight, n, luifta, athwara, saptah. 
Sensation, n, hiss, hiss-i-zahiri ya 

batini. 
Sense, n. hiss {pi. hawass); idrak, 

fahm, aql, tamiz; ma'ni. 
' Senseless, a. be-hawass, be-hosh, be- 

jan, bc-waqiif, nadan; behiida, 

bc-ma'ni. 
Sensibility, n. tunuk-hawasi, ndzii- 

ki, narm-dili. 
Sensible, a. qubil-i-hiss, mahsi^s; 

dgah, waqif, qail, muqir; dana, 

aqil, hoshyar. 
Sensitive, a. hawass-dar, ziid-hiss; 

jandar, zinda, ba hosh-o-hawas. 
Sjensual, a, nafsani, shahwati, hissi. 
Sensualist, n. shahwat-parast, nafs- 

parwar. 
Sensuality, n. nafsdniyat, shahwat, 

masti, hawd-o-hawas. 
Sentence, n. fatwa, qaza, hukm; 

maqul, jumla, iiqra — (of the Ku- 

ran) ayat. 
Sentence, v. fatwa d., hukm lagdna. 
Sententious, a, matin, pur-magz, 

qasir-ul-m'ani. 
Sentiment, n, rae, tadbir, qiyas, 

fikr. 
Sentimental, a. narm, mulaim, sha- 

faqat-angez. 
Sentinel, «. pasban, chaukidar, pah- 

riddr. 
Separable, a, qabil-i-firdq, judai-pa- 

zir. 
Separate, v. juda k., farq k., alag k., 

pichhornu, 



SER 



251 



SEV 



Separate, a. jiidd, alag, alaliida, 

miitafairiq. 
Separately, ad. jiula judd, alag-alag, 

mufassilana. 
Separation, w. judai, mufariqat, taf- 

riqat, muliajarat. 
Sepose, V. kiniire k., juda k., 'alahi- i 

da k., alag k. 
Septennial, a. haft-sali, sat-barsa. 
Sepulchre, w. gor, qabr, dafan karne 

ki jagali, marqad. 
Sepulture, w. dafn, tajlj^!z, tadfin. 
Sequel, n. akliir, aqibat, natija, 

phal. 
Sequester, r. alag r., khalwat k.; 

mal qurq k.; juda k. 
Sequestration, w. gosha-nisliini, tan- 

hai, qurq, chhenk. 
Seraglio, n, haram-sarae, zanana. 
Seraph, n. isrdfil. 
Serenade, n, gana-bajtina jo rat ko 

ghar ya kothri-ke-baharhoti hai. 
Serene, a, saf, kiishada, raushan, 

sakin, be-harakat. 
Serenity, n, safai, kushadagi, sukiin, 

asiidagi. 
Series, n. sar-rislita, silsila, lagao. 
Serious, a. muhib, gambhir; bhari, 

sangin, muhinim, sanjida. 
Seriousness, n, sangin, sanjidagi, 

tahammul, gaur, fikr, 
Serjeant, Sergeant, n, hawal-d^r, 

dafddar; wakil. 
Sermon, n. wa'z, nasihat, khutba. 
Serous, a. abi, pani-sa-patla. 
Serpent, n, sanp, sarp, mar. 
Serpentine, a. sanp ke manind pe- 

chiJa, pecli-dar. 
Servant, n, naiikar, cliakar, mula- 

zim, banda, khadim. 
Serve, v. naukari k., chakari k., khid 

mat k.; badal h.; kafi h.; madad 

k., pushti d.; ihsan k., manfa'at k. 
Server, n, naukar yd mulazim, khid- 

matgar. 
Service, n. naukari, chs'ikari, khid- 

mat, khidmatgari, khidmat guza- 

ri, banda gi, muldzamat yd hazir 

bdshi. 
Serviceable, a. kar-guzar, kardmad. 
Serviceableness, n. slid mandi yd 

faida-maudi. 



Servient, a. zer-i-hukm, mahkiim, 

ta'ba'ddr, tai*. 
Servile, a. gulamdna yd guldm sa 

tab'i, faromdya, chdpliisi k. w. 
Servilely, a, gulamdna yd guldm- 

ke-mdnind. 
Servility, n. guldmi, khaya-barddri, 

chapliisi, itd'at, tdb'iddri yd hukm- 

bardari. 
Servitor, n. naukar yd chakar, mu- 

Idzim, ham-rdhi, bam-rikab yd 

khidmat-gdr, 
Servitorship, n. naukari, khidmat- 

gdri. 
Servitude, n. guldmi, halqa ba- 

goshi, tdbi*-ddri. 
Serving-maid, n. khddima, laundi, 

dasi. 
Serving-man, n. khadim, guldm, dds. 
Sesame, n, til. 
Session, n. nisbat, juliis, ijlds, jalsa, 

yd majlis. 
Set, V. dharnd, rakhnd, baithnd, 

jornd yd lagand. 
Set, a. murattab, rasmi yd arasta. 
Set, n. ganj ya dasta, tdifa yd guroh, 

bazi, jord, guriib. 
Setter, n, qdim yd bar-pa k., w., ek 

qism kd shikdri kuttd jo shikar 

ke nazdik baith jdtd hai. 
Setting, n. guriib, ihdta, ghera. 
Settle, V. kisi maqdm yd tariq men 

qdim k., muqarrar ya mustahkara 

k., faisal k., sdbit k., yd tajwiz k. 
Settledness, n. mazbiiti, qiyam, 

istiqldl. 
Settlement, n, qiyam, muqarrar, 

band-o-bast yd intizdra. 
Settler, n, khush-bdsh, basne wdla, 

basi. 
Settling, n. nau-dbddi, dbddi, tasfiya, 

infisdl yd rafa. 
Seven, a. haft, saba, sdt, sapt. 
Seventh, a. haftum, sdtwdn. 
Seventhly, ad, edtwdn, sdtwin jagali 

men. 
Sevenfold, a. haft-tah, sdt-tah, 
Sevennight, n. liafta, athwdra. 
Seven-score, a, sdt kori, sat-bisL 
Seventeen, a. satrah, haft-dah. 
Seventeenth, a. satre^h^an, haft-da- 
hum. 



SUA 



252 



SUA 



Seventy, a. sattar, liaftad. 

Seven tioth, a. saltanyan. 

Sever, a. cliirna ya cliir-dalna, luit- 

ii'ci ya kat-dalna. [ba'ze 

Several, a. mutafarriq, cliand ya 
Soverality, n. liar ek bat jo fardan 

fardan ki-jae. [k. 

Severalize, n. fard k., jiidd k., alag 
Severally, a. juda juda, fardaii-far- 

dan, alag-alag. 
Severalty, n. jiidai, firaq, tafriqa. 
Severance, n. judai, fira^j, tafriq yii 

taqsim. 
Severe, a. sakht, tez ya tund, du- 

ruslit, sliaqq ya sliadid. 
Severely, ad. sakliti se, diiriisliti ya 

shiddat se, dard-angezi so. 
Severity, n. sakhti, shiddat ya ka- 

raklitagi. 
Sew, V. sind, doklit k. 
Sewer, n. darzi, si\ji, kliaiyat. 
Sewster, n, sine-wali darzin. 
Sewer, n. bakawal, parosne waU. 
Sewer, n. badar-rau, naU, pannala, 

miihri. 
Sex, w. jins ya zat, alam-i-nisa. 
Sexual, a. jins-mansiib, muta'alliq-i- 

jins, jinsi. 
Sexagenary, a. tin-kori^ sdtli. 
Sexangland, Sexangular, a. musad- 

das» salish-goslia, chha-kone ka. 
Sexennial, a. duire ka chhatwan his- 

sa, ek haiati ala. 
Sextuple, a, shasli-tah, clilia-guna, 

chha-lara. 
Shabby, a. kamina, haqir ya paji, 

khafif, past. 
Shabbiness, n. kaminagi ya danaat 

dalq-poshi. 
Shackle, v. zanjir, dalna, zanjir se 

bandhna, qaid k. 
Shackles, n. zanjir kard ya kari, 

band. 
Shade, Shadow, v. say a k., chhdna^ 

parda dalna, tira k., panah d. 
Shade, n. saya, tariki, tiragi, parda, 

kunj, sayaban, bhiit. 
Shader, n. saya k. w., saya-ban, 

parda-chhane w. 
Shadow, n. zill ya saya, siirat yd 

aks, alamat, parchhd-in^ dhokha^ 



Shadowing, n. titar-badli, chap- 

dhi'ip. 
Shadowincss, n. bad-hawai, huLabi, 

halat be ni'iri. 
Shadowy, a. saya dar, saya gustar, 

tira, tarik. 
Shady, a. saya-dar, saya-gustar. 
Shaft, w. bdn, tir, phar, bent ya 

miith, dandi. 
Shag, V. pashm, kare bal, banat, 

pattii, ek lini kaprd. 
Shagged, Shaggy, a. jhabra, ronara, 

pashmin, iiijchd-uicha. 
Shake, V, hiland, jumbisli d., jhatak 

d., jharnd, dalna, chhorna.' 
Shake, 7i. junibish, larzish, dast bosi, 

yan'i niusafaha ke waqt hath on ki 

junibish. 
Shaker, n. liildne w., dolane w., hila- 

wan-hdr. [tazalzul. 

Shaking, n, larzi«h, jumbish ya 
Shale, ft. chhilkd, bakla, yd bhiisi, 

ek bhant kd patthar. 
Shall, V, yah lafz mustaqbil ki ala- 
mat hai; giu 
Shallow, a, pa-ydb yd pae-db, kam 

amiq, ochhd, kam-zarf. 
iShallowly, ad, uthldi se, pdeabi se, 

kam-zarfi se. 
Shallowness, n, pde-abi, halkdi, kam- 
zarfi. 
Shallow-brained, a. tihi-dimdg, kam- 

aql, be-waqiif. 
Sham, V, dhokha d., thagna. 
Sham, 71. bhaddi-chdl, bandwat, dikh- 

Idwat. 
Shame, n. sharm, hay a, hijab, shar- 

mindagi, khijdlat, pashemdni. 
Shame, v, sharminda k., naddmat 

sharmdnd. 
Shamefaced, a, sharm-rii, niunh- 

chor, sharm-sdr. 
Shameful, a, sharam-dwar, lajdii, 

sharmdii, mdyiib. 
Shamefully, a. sharam-dwari-se, bad- 

ndmi se. 
Shameless, a. besharam, beliaya, 

gustdkh. 
Shank, n. pindli, sdq ; dandi. 
Shape, r. gnrhna, shakl bandhna, 

miirat garhnd, bandna, beyontna, 

lagand, tarashna. 



SHE 



253 



sni 



Sliape, n. siirat, daiil, tavdsh, sliakl. 
Shapeless, a. be dnul, bad-sliakl, 

bad-qata*, bad-nslub. 
Sliare, n. b;'.nt, liissa, baklira. 
Share, v. baulna, taqsim k., bant 1., 

ya d., sharik k. 
Sharer, n, qasim, bantwaiya, bhagi, 

hissadar. 
Shark, v. shikar k., thagna, fareb d. 
Shark, n. nihang; dagabaz, farebi, 

makkar. 
Sharp, a. tez, chokhji, ab^ilr, burraq 

dardani, tiirsh, nokila, patla, ba- 

rik, tiind. 
Sharpen, v. tez k., barh r., dhar r., 

tez-zahn k. 
Sharper, n. iichakk:'!, natkhat, barh 

ya sam rakbne w. 
Sharply, ad. tezi se, sakhti se, tundi 

se. 
Sharpness, w. tezi, ehokhai, abdari, 

turshi, chatak, jaldi, sakhti. 
Sharpset, a. gursnia, mar-bhukha, 

shaiq. [gah. 

Sharp-sighted, a. tez-nazar, tez-ni- 
Shatter, v. chiir k., tukra h., ya k., 

kamzor k., purze purze k. 
Shatter-brained, a, bc-lihilz, bekha- 

bar, gafil, achpal. 
Shave, 17. miindna, hajamat banana, 

chhilna, tarashna. 
Shaver, ?2. miindwaiya, hajjam, naii ; 

Inter a ; chhokra. 
Shaving, n, chhilan, tarash, chhilka. 
Shawl, n, shiil, dushala, tusi. 
She, j;?\ zamir-i-mnannas-i-wahid, 

gaib, yih, woli. 
Sheaf, n. piila, galla, anti, miitha, 

bharota. 
Shear, r. katarna, iniqraz k., katna. 
Shears, ». katarni. miqraz, qainchi. 
Sheath, n. gilaf, khol, dohar, niyam, 

miyan, ghar. 
Sheath, or Sheathe, v. gilaf k., ni- 
yam k., miyan k., marhna, lapetna. 
Shed, 71. chhappar, nsara, chhan. 
Shed, V. dalna, bahdna. girana, jhar- 

na, cjiuana, phenkna, balm a, gir- 

na. [dumba. 

Sheep, n, bher, mesh, gospand, 
Shecpcot, Sheepfold; n, bhersaU; 

bhersar, bai*a. 



Sheepish, a, mnnhchor, bhola, mali- 

jiib, kam jur'at. • 
Sheep-shearing, n. bher-mundiin, blie- 

ron ke pashm katne ka ^vaqt. 
Sheep's-eye, n. hijab-chashmi, ka- 

rashma-nazari. 
JSheep-walk, n. bheron ke charnc 

ki jagah, cha-gah, maidcin. 
Sheer, a. saf, nira, belagao, sacljclia. 
Sheet, n. chaddar, dopatta, fard, tdo, 

takhta. 
Sheet-anchor, n. bard langar. 
Shelf, n. taq, machdn, takhli, pat- 

rd, tabqa. 
Shell, n. sip, ghongha, kanri, chhil- 
ka, khar-mnhrd. 
Shell, V. chhilkd nkhdnid, ndhcind. 
Shellfish, n. khol yd sakht chhilke 

ddr machhli, sadaf. 
Shelter, n. bachdo, saya, ar, pandh, 

poshish. 
Shelter, v, bachjind, dinTi, saya d., 

pandh d., chhipana. 
Shelving, a. dhdlii, ntdr chaihao. 
Shepherd, n. bherihdrd, pdsbdn, gal- 

labdn, ghosi. 
Shepherdess, n. bherihdrin, gopi, 

ahirin, ndyaka, priyd. 
Sheriff, n, hdkim-i-eksala. 
Shield, n, dhdl, sipar, phari. 
Shield, V, roknd, tdl d., chhenknii, 

bachdna, pandh d. 
Shift, n, hildhawdla, nzr, Idl-matol, 

hikmat, fikr, tadbir. [k. 

Shift, V. phirnd, badalnd, hilahawala 
Shilling, n. ek taur ka nipiya, ath- 

dnne. 
Shilly-shally, a. agapichhd, pas-o- 

pesh, shash-o-panj, hdn-nanh. 
Shin, n. philli ki haddi, nari, nali. 
Shine, v, chamaknd, jlialnkna, rau- 

shan h., damaknd, jalwagar h. 
Shine, w. chamak, jhalak, roshni, 

saf di, rannaq. 
Shingles, n, kachhdad, ddd; lakri ki 

patri, patla takhtd 
Shiny, a, chamak ta, shanlcTrar, jha- 

lakddr, raushan. 
Ship, n, jahdz, kishti. 
Ship, e-. jahdz par charhdna, jahdz 

men bharnd yd ladnd. 
Shipboard, ad, \pXvk7. \jar. 



sno 



254 



SHU 



Sliipping, n. balir, jaliaz, sub-jaliiiz. 
Shipwreck, v. cJiattanon yii reti par 

takrane se jahaz ka tabali hojanii. 
Shipwreck, n. jahaz shikani, naotor, 

garq-i-jahaz. 
Shipwright, n. jahaz-saz, kiahti ba- 

nane w. 
Shirt, n. kamiz, pairahan, kiirtii. 
Bhittlecock, JSliiittlecuck, n. ek qism 

ka khilauna. 
Shiver, r. kampna, thartharand, 

tukre-tukre k., to"dahia. 
Shoal, n. gol, janighat, jhuiid; reti. 
Shoaly, a. reti se bliara hud. 
Shock, w. dhakkii, dhainak, zarb, 

cliot, takkar. 
Shock, V, dhakkii mania, ya lagana, 

mutauaffir k., hihina, barliam k. 
Shocking, a. nafratangez, bharkaii, 

wahshjitangcz, zabi'ui, karih. 
Shoe, n. jiiti, paposh, jiita, nal. 
Shoe-horn, n. jiita pahuane ka singh. 
Shoemaker, n. kafshdoz, mochi, cha- 

mar. 
Shoot, V. dahia, phenkna, chalana. 
Shop, n. diikan, karklidna. 
Shop-keeper, 7i. di\kaudar, diikani, 

baniva, modi. 
Shop-lifter, n. di'ikan ki chizon ka 

chor. 
Shopman, n. diikan dar ka naukar. 
Shore, n. sahil, lab-i-darya, samun- 

dar ka kanara. 
Short, n, chhota, kotah, thora, kam 

qalil, tang. 
Short, Shorten, v. kotah k., ghatana. 

chhota k., mukhtasar k., kam k. 
Short-liand, v. mukhtasar-nawisi, 

huriif-i-ishd' a bo likhnd. 
Short-lived, a, kamzist, qalil-ul-ha- 

yat, napaedar. 
Shortly, ad, jald, anqarib, koi dam 

men. 
Shortness, a., chhotai, kami, thonii. 
Short-sighted, a/ kotahnazr, kotah- 

andesli. [goli. 

Shot, n. phenk, chot, zarb, gold, 
Should, V, chahiye, liizim hai. 
Shoulder, n. kaudha, mondha, dosh, 

kuf. 
Shoulder, v. kandhiyand, kandhe 

par r., thelna, 



Shout, n. jaijaikar, ali, nara, va- 

wela. 
Sliout, V, jaijaikar k., lalkama. 
Shove, V, dhakelna, thelna, relna, 

dhakiyand. 
Shove, n. thela, pela, dhakel, dhakta. 
.Shovel, 71. karchula, belclia, khodni, 

kudal. 
Show, V. dikhand, samjhana, zahir 

k., bujhdnd, batldna, sikhland. 
Show, n, tamasha, did, sair, nazara, 

numaish, dekhlawd. 
Shower, n. jhari, barkha, baran. 
Shower, r. tar k., jharna, barsna, 

ddhia, mahdwat k., phaildna. 
Showery, a. bdrishi, barsati, bdrani* 
JShowy, a. numdishi, namiidar, ardi- 

shi, raunaq-ddr, bharkila. 
Shrtnl, 72. katran, tukvd, rezd, purza. 
Shrew, n. quttdma, chirchiri aurat, 

jhagrdlii aurat. 
Shrewd, a. tezhosh, pakka, siyaiid, 

hoshydr, harif. 
Shrewdly, acL hoshydri se, atkal se, 

siydnpan se, harifdna. 
Shrewdness, n. hoshydri, siyanpan, 

tezhoshi. 
Shriek, v. chikhnd, ndld-o-zdri k. 
Shriek, n, chikh, chingdr, nala-o- 

zari. 
Shrill, a. tez, mihin, bank. 
Shrillness, n, tez awiizi, dwdz ki 

hdriki. 
Shrine, n. tabarriikat ka zarf, dar- 

gali, mazdr. 
Shrink, v, siknrnd, sametna, bator- 

nd, hachkachdnd. 
Shrivel, v. sametnd, siknrnd, batorna. 
Shroud, n, kafan, sdya, pandh. 
Shrovetide, n. Isdion ka ek teohar. 
Shrouds, n. jah?lz ke mastiil kc rasse 

jin se mastiil qaim ralie anr 

charhe. 
Shrub, w. jhdr, jhari, biita; ek qism 

ki shardb. 
Shrubby, a. jharion so pur, biiton so 

bharu hu-i. 
Shrug, V. kandhd hiland, mondK 

charhand, sikornd, sametnd, ungli- 

daband. 
Shudder, v, thar-tharanti, kanpna 

phar-pharana,]khauf sejhajhakniV 



SIE 



255 



SIL 



Shuffle, V, talna, talmatol k., abtar 

k., be-tartib k., zer-zabar k. 
Shnffler, n, talmatol k. w.; robah- 

baz, bat banane w. 
Shun, V. baz-rahna, parhez k., kinare 

k. ya h. patakna, riigardan k., 

ijtinab k. 
Shunless, a. la-budd, zariir, char-na- 

char, khwah-na-khwah. 
Shut, V. band k., lagana, masdud 

k., qaid k., kharij k. 
Shut, n. band, intiha, aklnr, tamami, 

par da, chik. 
Shutter, n, band k. w., parda, takh- 

ta, jhilmil, chik. 
Shy, a. sliarmila, kashida, mahjub, 

miinhchor. 
Shyness, Shiness, n. ramida-khoi, 

kashidagi, hijab. 
Sibyl, n. qadim butparaston men ek 

aurat jo paigamber ka darja rakli- 

ti thi. [sat. 

Siccity, n. khushki, sukhapan, yabii- 
Sick, a. bimar, roj^i, mariz, manda, 

bezar, mutanaffir, diqq, na-khush. 
Sicken, v. bimar h. ya k., mariz h. 

ya k.. ji hatana. 
Sickle, n. hansiia, daranti. 
Sickly, a. rogi, zaif, sust, nasaz, 

mariz, na-tawan. 
Sickness, n. bimari, azar, rog, marz, 

kahili. 
Side, 71. jfinib, luishiya, fariq, simt, 

pahln, bagal, taraf, nikh, bazu. 
Side, a, bagli. isluij'ati, tirchha. 
Side, V. kisi taraf ya janib h., janib- 

diiri k. 
Side-board, n, ek mez jispar khane 

ka samun raht^ hai. 
Side-box, n. ndch-ghar men ek taraf 

ki ek choki. 
Sidelong, a. pahlii. tirchha. 
Sideral, Sidereal, a. sitdron se man- 

siib, ka-wa-kibdar. 
Side-saddle, qi, zanana-zin. 
Sidesman, n. girje ke muhafiz ka 

madadgar, taraf-dar, daman-gir. 
Sideways, Sidewise, ad, pahliipar, ek 

karwat par, tirchha, terha. 
Sidle, V, terha ya tirchha chalna. 
Siege, n. muhasara, girilawari^ ghe- 

ra, takht, kursi, darja. 



Sieve, n. chain i, ghirbtil, jharna. 
Sift, V. jbarna, chhanna, imtihan 1., 

azmaish k. 
Sigh, n, ah, ah-i-sard, ^hkashi. 
Sigh, V. ahzani ya ahkashi k., afsos 

k., gam k., nala k. 
Sight, n, nazar, basirat, binai, di- 

dar, nigah, namud, basarat, man- 

zar. 
Sightliness, n. khilbsurati, khush- 

ntizari, khush-numai.' 
Sightly, a. khush manzar, pasand- 

dida, namiidar, kliiibsurat, khush- 

numa. 
Sign, n, alamat, dalil, ishara, ni- 

shan, ima. 
Sign, V. nishan k., dast-kbatt k. 

s ah ill k. 
Signal, n. isharat, janao^ ima, kha- 

bar, ittila. 
Signal, a. ajib-o-garib, achambha, 

mashhiir, nami, tarifi. 
Signalize, v. niimwar k., mashhiir k. 
Signally, ad. nam-wari se, shuhrat 

se. 
Signature, n. nishani, dast-khatt, 

muhr, nishan. 
Signet, w. muhr, muhr-i-shahi. 
Significance, Significancy, ?i. ina'ni, 

maqsad, dalalat, zor, mazbiUi. 
Significant, a. janaii, rahnuma, 

ma'nidar, purmatlab. 
Significantly, ad, zahiran, dalalat 

se, ma'ni ke sfith. 
Signification, n, ma*ni, arlh, dalalat, 

mazmi'in. 
Signify, v, jatina, batlana, mani r., 

zahir k. 
Silence, n, khamoshi, sakut, kam- 

goi, cluip-chapi, parda. 
Silence, int, cbup, kbamosh. 
Silent, a, khamosh, chupchap, laza- 

ban, sakit. 
Silently, ad, kliamoshi se, chup 

hoke, chupchapi se, poshidgi se. 
Silicious, a. patthar ke manind, 

sang-i-chakmak-sa. 
Silk, n, ab-resham, re sham, rcshmi- 

kapra. 
Silken, v, narm Ic, saf k. 
Silken, Silky a, reshami, hariri, 

narm, multiim, resham sa narra. 



SIM 



256 



SIN 



Silk-TTorni, n. icsliam kii ki'rj, kirm- Siniular, n. naql k. w., taqlid k. \f., 
i-l>il.i. baliaiia k. w., niakkar, surat ba- 

Sill, 71. diUliz, latkliora; paltliar yd ! luino w. 

takhta jo dililiz men lagayii ja- Sini illation, n. saklitagi, zainana* 



ta-hai. 
Silliness, n. bholdpan, sadagi, nada- 



sazi, z;ihird..ri, ban«wat, makr- 
Bazi, bahana-sazi. 



ni, anuripan, bo waqiifi, sada- ! Simultaneons. a. ham-zaman, Lam* 



laulii. 
Silly, a. blioU, sada, bliondii, na- 

dan, an.ri, kaclicha, bewaquf, 

kam-zor. 
Silt, n. kichar, clialila. 
Silvan, a, jaugali, bahaim-sirat. 
Silver, n. rdpa, chandi, sim, nnqra, 

nipiya 



'asr, hani-'ahd, ham-kar. 
Simnltaneously, a. ek hi vraqt men, 

usi ek-hi zaniano men, barabar 

zaniane men. 
Sin, 71. gunali, ma*siyat, kliata, pap. 
Sin, V. gunah k., khata yd ptip k. 
Sinful, a. gunah-gar ya j nrni-aliiJa, 

na-i)ak. 



Silver, Silvery, a. sinii, nuqrai, Sinfully, a. gnnali-gari se, badraM 



chandi sa safed. 
Silversmith, n, sonar, zargar. 
Similar, a. barabar, yak-siin, muta- 

sawi. 
Siniflarity, n. mel, barabari, musu- 

wat, mushabahat, niutiibaqat. 
Simile, 7i. masl, misul, tashbih. 



80, pap se, jurm-jiludagi se. 
Sinfulness, ??. gunah-gari, jurm-alu- 

dagi, kharabi. 
Sinless, a. bc-gunah ya be-jurm, 

pak, nia'sdm. 
Sinlessness, n. bc-gnnahi, be-jurmi 

paki, ma*-.sunii. 



nazir. [baliat. ' Sinner, n. gunah gar. bad-kur, muj- 

Similitudc, n, mel, banibari, musha- I rim. fasiq, aiisi, papi. 
iSimmer, v, ahisto sijna ya josh kha- | Sin-offering, n. pap-dan, pap-bal, 

na, khaulna, dhire-dhire churna. 
Simper, n. muskunihat, tabassum. 
Simper, v. ninskuriina, tabassum k. 



Simjdc, a. rast, saf, mufrad, sada, 

be-riyti, be-waquf. 
Sim])le-miMded, a. nist-dil, saf-dil, 

sada-lauh. 
Simpleness. n. rasti, sidhai, fardi- 

yat, sadagi, ablahi, himaqat. 
Simplet(m n, zaif-ul-aql, ahmaq, 

sada-lauh. 
Simplicity, n. fardiyat, safai, r.'isti, 

ekrangi, bhola pan, himaqat. 
Simplify, v, halka k., saf k., sahl k., 

sal is k., asan k. 
Simplification, n. saf-sazi, salis-sazi, 

saf, salil ya sal is k. 
Simjdist, n. nabutat dan, mail, jari, 

buti janne w. 
Simply, ad, sad.igi ya safai se, ba- 

kar-sazi rasti rastdili ya saf-dili; 

sirf, faqat. 
Simulate, v. surat-banana, ya makr 

k., naql k., taqlid k. 
Simulate, a. naqli, sakhta, zahira, 

libasi. 



gunuh niitiiue ke liye kaffura ya 

kafiira. 
Since, con, chiinki, hal-anki, dar- 

811 rat. 
Sincere, a. khalis ya saf, niralu, rast- 

baz, sj'iblt qadam, wafa diir, innkh- 

lis, sadiq. 
Sincerely, ad. r-isti, rast-biizi," wafa- 

dari yd safai se. 
Sincereness, Sincerity, n. rasti, rast- 

bdzi, ya sadaqat, saehai. 
Sindon, n. lifafa, bethan. 
Sinecure, n, ba-gair kam karne kd 

uhda-dari ya talab khori. 
Sinew, n. nas, rag, pai, taqat, zor, 

quwwat. 
Sinewed, a. pai-ddr, nas-dar, rag- 

ddr, qawi, zordwar. 
Sinewless, a. be-tdqat, zaif, kam- 
zor, bc-nas. 
Sinewy, a. nasila ya qawi-pai, zord- 
war, mazbiU. 
Sing, V. gana, chahchahdna, barik 

tez yd mihin awaz k., nazm yd 

shi'r men bay an k. 
Singe, V, jhiilsaiid, bhulsana, jalAnd, 






SIT- 



257 



SKI 



Singer, n, gawaiya, sarodi, miitrib, 

Barod go. 
Singing, n, gana, sarod-goi, rag- 
rang, git. 
Singing-book, n. miisiqi ki kitab, 

gane ya git ki kitab. 
Single, a. ek, yakka, akela, tanha, 

wahid, mufrad, mujarrad, be-sba- 

di, kbalis, yak-rukha. 
Single, V. ek ko juda k., intekhab k. 
Singleness,.Mr. tanhai, yaganiyat, si- 

dhai; sidq, be-riyai. 
Singly, ad. ek ek, fardan-fardan; 

faqat, sirf. 
Singular, a. mufrad, wahid; yagajia, 

ajib, nadir,, tanba. 
Singularity, n. yaganigi; kbusiisi- 

yat, kbudgari.. 
Sinister, a. na-rast, kaj, zabiin, bad, 

dagdbaz, manbiis. 
Sinistrous, a. kaj, be-liiida, na ma*- 

qiil. 
Sink, 71. nala, muliri, parnaU'i, fandas. 
Sink, V. diibna, garq h., dhasiia, 

garna, utarna, gliatna, kam k., 

dubana, dabna. 
Sinus, n. khalij, ibigaf, darar. kol. 
Sinuate, v, sanp ki cbal ki surat 

ka k., lahriya k. 
Sip, V, chusna, ghiint gliiint pina, 

surakna. 
Biquis, [L.] n. islitihiir, i'lam. 
Sir, n. sahib, kliudawand, miyan, 

babii, lal?i. 
Sir«, n, bap, baba, jahan-panah, 

liazrat. 
Siren, n, thngni, mohini, kutni. 
Siren, a, dil-kash, dil-ruba. 
Sii'name, w. gbarane ka laqab, klian- 

dani nam, taklialhis. 
Sirrah, w. abe, be, ari, re, he. 
Sirup, n. shira, qiwam, riib, chash- 

ni, pag. 
Sister, n. bahin, khwahir, hamshira. 
Sister-in-law, n. bhabi, bhawaj, 

nand; sail. 
Sit, V. baithna, nishast k., juliis k., 

majlis k., phabna thik h. 
Site, li. thikana, muqam, jagah. 
Sitting n. baithak, nishast, ijlas. 

juliis. [mauza. 

Situate, Situated, a. muqim, .waqi, 

G 



Situation, fi, jagah, ja, muqam, 

makan, mauza, waza, hal, darja, 

uhdn, kliidmat. 
Six, a. cliha, sbasli. 
Sixteen, a. solab, sbazdab. 
Sixteenth, a, solahwan, shaz-da- 

hum. 
Sixth, a. chhathg,, chhathwan, sha- 

shum. 
Sixtieth, a. sathwan. 
Sixty, a. sath, shast. 
Size, r. mu'aiyan k., muqarrar k., 

phiilana, miqdar ke muta'biq mu- 

rattab k. 
Size, n. andi'.za, miq-dar, nap, lam- 

b^ii-chaurai, qalib; l^sa, saresh. 
Skate, n. barf par phisal-kar chain e 

ki ck qism ki jiiti ya kharbiin. 
Skean, n, ek chhoti talwar, chhuri. 
Skein, n. phenti, anti, kalawa, dasta. 
skeleton, «. thathri, haddii.n badan- 

ki, panjar. 
Skollum. n. haram-zada, bad-zat, 

shuhda. 
Sketch, 71, naqsha, khasra, kharrd, 

musawwada. 
Sketch, u. naqshd ban una ya kbin- 

chna. 
Skew, a. tirchha, tcrha. 
Skew, V, tircliha dekhna ya chalnd, 
Skewer, ?i. mekh, sikh, sikhclin. 
Skiff, n, chhoti kishti, parewa, 

donga. 
Skilful, a. hunarmand, waqif, tlzmu- 

da-kar, qabil, zirak, kar-guzar. 
Skill, n. hunar, hunarmandi, qabli- 

yat, waqif-kari. 
Skill, V. janna, samajhna. 
Skilled, a, chust, chalak, tcz-dast, 

waqif, qabil, tajruha-kiir. 
Skim, V. ktichh 1., iipar lipar jana, 

chhantna, phen-utarna. 
Skimmer, n. karchhani, jharni, kaf- 

gir. 
Skin, n. chamrd, iham, chiim, post, 

chhal, kha). 
Skin, V, chamra khinchna ya nikal- 

na ya udhorna, katna, chhilua; 

tjhao-bharna. 
Skin-deep, w. khafif, kam, kham. 
Skinny, a. dubla, Biikhii, patla, dan- 
gar. 



SLA 



258 



SLI 



Skip, V. kiuljikiiii, chlialangua, kiul- 

na, pkaudiia. 
Skipper, n. naklimla, kisliti-btin. 
fcJkiniiish, n. jliaipa-jharpi, jaiig-i- 

klial'if, la=ai. [ya. 

Skirt, n. daman, zail, kinara, liaslii- 
Skirt, V. iiiulidiul k., ({arib h. 
iSkittibli, a, chaujL:hal, sliokli, be- 

qarar, subuk-inizaj. 
Sky, 71. asuiaii, saiua, falak, bawa. 
Skyligbt, n. jbarokba, i»ina, rosban- 

dan. 
Slab, n. takbta-i-sang, pat, sil. 
Slack, a. dbila, kusbada, sust, maj- 

biii, kabil. 
^lack, Slacken, v, dbila bojana, sii^t 

h., gafil b; dbila k., kusbada k., 

kaiii k., reza-rezil k. 
Slackness, n. dbilai, susti, gaflat, 

kabili. 
Slake, V. bujband, tbanda k. 
Slander, n, tubmat, iftii a, badgoi, 

dad-nami. 
Slander, v, tubmat lagana, -bad-nami 

d., ruswa k., bejaaib lagtincj. 
Slanderer, n. bubtan go, tubmat- 

saz, aib-go, jbiitba ilzaui lagane w. 
Slanderous, a. tulimati, bubtaui. 
Slant, V, tircba k., dbalii k. 
Slant, Slanting, a, dbalii, tircba, 

tebra. 
Slantwise, n. tircbba. 
Slap, n. taniacbii, tbappar, tbapera, 

dbaul. 
Slasb, n. zakbm, gbao, cbir. 
Slasb, V, katna, cbirna, pbarna. 
Slate, w. patbjir-ki takbti, pntri. 
Slatter, v. galiz aur niaiiti rabna, 

be-kliabar, gjitil y?. be-pjirwah b. 
Slattern, n, pbiiliar, galiz aurat. 
Slaugbter, w. qatl, niuqatala, kbiin- 

rezi, qasfiiibi 
Slauglitor, V. zabali k., qatl k., mar- 

dalna, balak k. [dasa. 

Slave, n. ban da, gulam; laundi. 
Slaver, n. lar, In'ab, nil. 
Slavery, n, b^ndagi, gulami, lialqa- 

ba-gosbi. 
Slavisb, a. gulamana, zalil, baqir, 

dun, piiji. 
Slay. V. qail k., balak k., mdrdalna; 

haW ky zahh k. 



Slay* r, n. qatil, kbiini, kbiin-rez. 
Slfuve, n. slit ka uljba bua bissa. 
Sleazy, sleczy, a. patla, jbirjliira, 

palil. 
Sledge, n. gban, batbaura. 
Sleek, a. cbikna, niota-taza, saf. 
Sleep, ?i. niijd, kbwjib, lingbai, aram. 
^lecp, V, sona, artini k., gafil h., 

niardii b. 
SleepinesH, n. nindas, uughai, kbwab 

naki ya aliidagi. 
Sleepy, a. niniasa, linghasa, khwab- 

nak yti aliida. 
Sleet, V, nienb ke iatb barf barasna. 
Sleeve, w. as tin, banb. 
Sleiglit, n. bikniai, fann. huqqa- 

bazi, sbiibada-bazi, sabuk-dasti. 
Sleiglit, V. daga-baz, farebi, makkar. 
Slender, a. patla, nazuk, miliiu, 

barik. 
Slice, w. qata, tarasba, waraq, q^sh, 
Slice, V. waraq utarua, qusli ut^rua. 

taqsim k. 
Slide, V. pbisalnajkbisakna, rapatna. 
Sligbt, a. patlii, tunuk, zaif, nazuk, 

balki, na-cbiz. 
Sligbt, 71. kbiifat, gaflat, mazammat, 

labqir. 
Sligbt, V. balkajanna, kbafif ya sn- 

buk janna. biqarat k. 
Sligbtiiesn, n. patlai, balkai, subuki, 

nazuki. 
Slim, a. patla, dubla, nazuk, tunak. 
Slime, 71. kicbar, cliabla, cliikni- 

niitti. 
slimy, a. cbip-cbipa, las-lasd. 
Sliness, ti. siyanapan, cbaturdi, ro- 

babbtizi. 
Sling, 71. gopban, ek dla jisse pat- 

tbar pbenke jate bain. 
Slip, V. kbisalna, kbisakna, pbisalna, 

rapatna, lagzisb k., guzarna, gu- 

zar-jj.na; bbiilna, fanimosb k., 

cbbipake rakbna ya jana, gbusa- 

na; cbbor d., riba k., kbalasi d. 
Slip, n. pbisal, kbisal, lagzisb; kba- 

ta, bbiil; qalam; patti, takbta, 

tukra. [jiiti. 

Sli])por, n. kbetli-jriti, paposb, dbili 
Slippery, a. cbikna, pbislaba, kbis- 

lab^. [ni. 

Slit, V, cbirna, pbarna, cbak k., kut- 



SMA 



259 



SNA 



Sloop, n. cliliotii jahaz, ek mastiil 

ka jahiiz. 
Sloping, a. dhiilii, utiirii, nashebdar, 

mail. 
Sloth, a. siisti, kiUuli, mnjiili. 
Slothful, a. sust, kdhil, inajhul, 

aram-talab. 
Slough, n. dal-dal, dhasao; kenchli, 

chhichia. 
Sloven, n. galiz ddmi, mard be-na- 

zakat. 
Slow, a, ahista, dhima, sust, kahil, 

dirang, der, kund-zilm. 
Slowfy, ad, dliista-ahista, haule, 

haule, susti se. 
Slowness, n. ahistagi, dhilai, susti, 

deri. [patna. 

Slubber, v, dhabba dalnd, bhardalna, 
Sludge, w. kichar, dal-dal, kich. 
Sluggard, n. sust-admi, aram-talab, 

majhiil, kahil. 
Sluice, n. muhri, badar-rau. 
Slumber, n. linghai, nim khab, jhap- 

ki, nind. 
Slumber, v, linghnd, jhapki lena, 

sona, sulana. 
Slur, V. maila k., sdnna, bhar-dalna. 
Slur, n. harf, dag, ruswai, aib. 
Slut, n. phiihar, galiz aurat. 
Sly, a. siyana, chatur, hild-baz, 

makkiir. 
Smack, n, maza, lazzat, zdiqa; cha- 

tdkha, chiinid, thappar. 
Smack, v, maza yd lazzat rakhna, 

chiimna. 
£mall, a, chliotd, khurd, kochak, 

sagir, kotah, kam. 
Small craft, w. chhotd jahdz, chhoti 

ndw. 
Smallnoss, w. chhotdi, khiirdi, kami, 

tangi, kotahi. 
Small-pox, n. sit! a, mdta, chechak. 
Smalt, ?i. nild shisha. 
Smaragd, n. zamurrad, panna. 
Smart, a. tez, tnlkh, tund, namkin, 

tez-ilast, chust, chaldk. 
Smart, v. dukhna, charparana,jalna, 

dard k. 
Smash, v, churchiir k., tukre-tukre 

k., ]mrzc-purze k. 
gmatcli, V, maza lazzat ya zdiqa 

rakhuu. 



Smatter, v. hakldnd, luknat k. 
Sniatterer, n, hakla kc bolncwala. 
Smear, v. bliarnd, malnd, lesnd, lep- 

na, dliida k. 
Smell, n. quwwat-i-shdmma; ma- 
sham, bii, has. 
Smell, V. sunghnd, tii 1.; bds-dnd yd 

nikalnd, bii d. 
Smelt, V, dhdt ko gala kar khdlis k. 
Smicker, v, 'ashqdna-nazar-se-de- 

khnd. 
Smile, n, tabassum, hansi, khushi 

ki siirat, muskurdi, miharbani. 
Smile, V. tabassum k., muskurdrna, 

hansna. 
Smite. V, mdrnd, taklif d.. mdrddlna, 

qatl k. , bdham mdrnd. 
Smith, n, lohdr, dhangar, zargar. 
Smoke, n. dhiidn, diid, diikhdn; bu- 

khdr. 
Smoke, v. dhudn nikalnd yd uthna; 

dhuen-men sukhldnd, dhudn d., 

jalnd. [khani. 

Smoky, a, dhudnsa, dhiidnddr, du- 
Smooth, a. chiknu, muhre-ddr, bard- 
bar, hamwdr, yaksdn; nd-mueddr, 

be-bdl, khdtir-nawdz, muldim, shi- 

rin, mauziin. 
Smooth, t). chikndnd, bardbar k., 

narm k., muldim k., taskin d., 

khushdmad k. 
Smoothness, n. chikndi, hamwari, 

bardbari; mauziini; lazzat. 
Smother, v, sans-rok-kar yd gald- 

ghontkar mdrddlnd, dam-band k„ 

da band. 
Smoulder, v. bhitar hi bhitar jalnd. 
Smuggle, r. mahsiil mdrnd, chori se 

mdl gair mulk se Idnd yd gair 

mulk ko bhejnd. 
Smut, n. kdlak, kdjal; chitti, fuhsh, 

khurdfdt. 
Snail, n. ghonghd, majhiil yd kdhi 

shakhs. 
Snake, w. sanp. nag, mdr. 
Snap, V, chatak-jdnd, chataknd, chat- 

kand, habak-lend, phdr-khj.na. 
Snappish, a. chir-chird, ziid-ranj, 

tunuk mizaj. 
Snare n, phr.ndd, jdl, ddm, kamand. 
Snare, i\ phansnd, phande se pa- 

karnd. 



SOB 



SCO 



SOL 



Snarl, v. garajm'i, gurrana, ghurak- 

na, dhamkana; hairan k., miizta- 

rib k., tang k. [pard. 

Snatch, n. jliapat, clihin; tukra, 
Snatch, v. jhapat 1., chliin 1., lapak 1. 
Sneak, v, dabak-juna, dabna, khisak- 

juna, chipana. 
Sneaking, a. faromaya, haqir, khac- 

bardjir, diin. 
Sneer, n. istihza, hansi, mazdq, tanz. 
Sneer, v. nak clia'liuna, istihzii k. 
Sneeze, v. chhinkna, nak-jhunia. 
Snip, V. katar-dalna, miqniz-ge kat- 

na, katar-lena. 
Snipe, n, ahmaq, ek qism ki chirya. 
Snivel, v. rent jliarnji ya nikalna; 

ndk-bahna, sisakna, thunakna. 
Snore, v. kharrata marnji, ghurrana. 
Snort, V. phunktirna, phurakna. 
Snot, n. rent, sinak, ponta. 
Snout, w. tliiithun, tliiitlini, nak. 
Snow, n, pala, barf. 
Snow, V, barf pnrnu ya gima. 
Snowy, a. pala-sa, barf-dar, baraf 

sa-sufed. 
Snub, V. dantnd, daban'i, sarzanish k. 
Snadge, v, dabka-pard rahna, dabak 

rahna. 
Snuff, n, nds, roshan-dimag; gul; 

kiu'i, kh af gi. 
Snuff, V, siinghna, dam khinchna, 

gul-trashna, nns-lena. 
Snuffers, n. gul-tanish, gul-gir. 
Snuffle, V. gun-gunanu, ntik-se bolnu. 
Snuof, a. chhipi, poshidu* niaqiil, 

khush, pasandida. 
So, ad. aisa, waisa, jaisd, taisd, is- 

tarah, ustarah, yiinlii, — (fong as,) 

jabtak — {oftenas,) jaibar — ythat,) 

ta-ki. 
Soak, V. bhigona, bhijna, tar k. — 

(tip,) sokhna, jazb k. 
Soap, n. sabnn. 
Soap-earth, n, reh. sajji. 
Soar, V. nr-chahia, buland-parwazi 

k. urnd. 
Sob, V. sisaknd, . siski bharnd, kiik- 

marna. 
Sober, a. parhez-gar, hoshyar, san- 

jida, parsa. 
Sobriety, n, parhez-gari, boshyari 

salimi. 



Social, Sociable, a, milansdr, milapi, 

sulibati, ashna-niizaj, ulfati^ maj- 

lisi. 
Society, n, suhbat, mushdrakat. rifi- 

qat, maj lis, taifa, firqd, guroh. 
Soda, n, kliar, sajji mitti. 
Sodality, n. firqd, hamjinsiyat. 
Sodomite, n. launde-baz. 
Sodomy, «. lawatat, launde-bizl; 

chobchini. 
Sofa, n. takht posh, suffa. 
Soft, a. narm, mulaim, jnl-pila, gnd- 

guda; ahista/ niizuk, salim, kach- 

chd, halka. 
Soften, V, narm k., mulaim .k., pil- 

pih'ind, rahmdil k. 
Softly, ad, ahista, baule, cbupke, 

muhiimiyat se. 
Softness, n, narmi, mulaimat, ni- 

zuki. 
Soil, n, zamin, khdk, kbet, mitti, 

nmlk, walayat, yasar. 
Soil, V. maila k., galiz k., aliida k. 
Sojourn, V. chand roz ke liye kahis 

qiyam k., khiishbashi k., muqam 

k., rahnd. 
Sojourner, n. khiishbdsb rahne w., 

musafir. 
Solace, n. dildsdi, taskin, khatirddri. 
Solar, a. sham si, dftabi, siiraj-ka. 
Solder, ?i. jor, tankd, lalim, jlial. 
Solder, v, jorna, tankd lagand; ma- 

rammat k. 
Soldier, w. sipdhi, lashkari. 
Soldiery, w. sipah, lashkar, sipdhi- 

gari. 
Sole, w. talwd, kaf-i-pd. tald; ek 

qism ki machhli. 
Sole, a. akela, ekld, tanhd, yaktd^ 

yagana, sirf. 
Solecism, n, giilat, amr-muhal. 
Solely, ad, sirf, faqut, mahz, khdss. 
Solemn, a. sanjida, ru'abddr, bhari, 

muhimm. 
Solemnity, n. dini-rasm, sanjidagi, 

ibrat-angez, duriid. 
Solemnize, v. mdnnd, zikr-i-azim k., 

sanjida k., piijnd, barpd k. 
Solicit, V. mdngna, chabna, iltimas 

k., minnat k. 
Solicitation, n, iltimds, darkhwdst^ 

istidd, nayaz-mandi. 



JS.^ 



SON 



261 



SOU 



Solicitous, a, andeslia-mand, arzii- 

mand, muztariu, fikr-mand. 
Solicitude, n, andesba, fikr, khadsha, 

iztirab. 
Solid, V, munjamid, saklit, mustah- 

kam, ustuwar, mazbiit, qawi. 
Solidate, v. mazbiit k., munjamid k. 
Solidity, n mazbiiti, sangini, tbosai, 

ustuwari, baqiqat, sachai, sanji- 

dagi. 
Soliloquy, n, kbud-kaldmi. 
JSolitary, a. ekla, akela, tanba, muf- 

rad, wabid, zabid. 
Solitary, n. kbilwat guzin, gosbd- 

nisbin, uzlat guzin. 
Solitude, n. n. eklai, tanbai, gosba, 

kbalwat, bayaban, wirana. 
Solstice, n, ras — (^summer) rds-ul- 

saratan — {ivinter,) nis-ul-jadi. 
Soluble, a. qabil-i-gudiiz, galaii, 

gbula, pigblaii. 
Solution, ?i. ball-i-itiusbkil, dafa-i- 

sbiibba; rebai, kbalasi, azadgi. 
Solve, V. kbolna, suf k., suljbana, 

ball k., dafti k. 
Solvent, n. gudazinda, galaii; zardar, 

qabil-i-ada, maklar. 
Sombre, a. tdrik, andlierd, dbundbla. 
Some, a. kucbb, tbora, cband, baze, 

koiek. koi, kase. 
Somebody, w. koi, kase. 
Somebow, ad. kisi tarab, ek-na-ek- 

tarab, jonton, bawajba. 
Sometbing, Somewbat, n, kucbb, 

tborasa, kucbb-ek, tbori-babut- 

cbiz. 
Somewbat, ad» qariban, kisi-qadr, 

tbora-babut. 
Sometimes, ad, kabbi, gabe gbae, 

waqtan-fawaqtan. 
Somewbere, ad, kabin, kisi jagah, 

ba-jae. 
Somniferous, a, kbwab-awar. 
Son, n, l?eta. pisar, farzand, — (m 

comp,) zada. [mai. 

Son-in-law n, damad, kbwesb, ja- 
Song, n. git, sarod, nagma. 
Songster, w. gawaiyd, gdne-wala, 

mutrib, nagma-parddz. 
Soniferous, a. awaz-awar, awaz-deb. 
Sonnet, n. cbodbe misre ki gazal, 

kbiyal. 



Sonorous, a. pur-awaz, dwaz-dar, 

bulanduWi.z, 
Sonsbip, n, beta-pan, ibniyat. 
Soon, ad, jaldi, abbi, tbore-din-men. 
Sooner, ad, aur-jaldi, sbitab tar; 

pable, pesb-tar.' 
Soot, n, diid, sawad, kajal. 
Sootb, n, baqiqat, rasti, sacbaf. 
Sootbe/r. kbushamad k., taskin d., 

tasalli d. 
Sootbing, a. taskin-bakbsb, kbatir- 

nawaz. 
Sop, n, luqma, tukra; bbigi biii roti, 
Sopbism, w. pecb, lapet, babs-i-be- 

baqiqat. 
Soporific, Soporous, a, kbwhb-awar, 

sulaii. [saliir. 

Sorcerer, n, jadiigar, nairangsaz, 
Sorceress, n. jadiigarni, B^.bira. 
Sorcery, n, jadiigari, nairang-s uzi, 

sibr, afsiin. 
Sordes, n, mail, talcbbat. 
Sordid, a, tang-cbasbm, bakbil, 

makkbi-cbiis, faromiiya, baqir, 

maila, kamina, paji. 
Sore, n, gbyo, zaklim, resh. 
Sore, a, pur-dard, dukbdai, ranjida,* 
Soreness, n. dard, dukb; ranj. 
Sorrel, n, cbiika, kbatta-sag, tursbi. 
Sorrow, n, gam, afsos, dilgiri, ranji- 

dagi, andob-o-maldl. 
Sorrow, v, gam-kbana, afsos k., ran- 

jida b. 
Sorrowful, a. gam gin, dilgir, dil- 

tang, maliil, udas. 
Sorry, v, pasbeman, pacbbtaii, ba- 
qir, diin, nd-bakar. 
Sort, w. jins, qism, raqm; wajh, 

tarab, taur, tariq;.taifa. 
Sort, V. raqam k., sudbdrna, drdsta 

k., muwaiiq h. 
Sot, n, matwala, be-bosb mard. 
Soul, n, riib, jjin, nafs. 
Sound, a, bbald cbangd, fandurust, 

sabib, durust, rast, tbik; be-aib; 

bbari. 
Sound, n, awdz. sada, bang, ilbam. 
Sound, r. dwaz k. yd d., bajana, 

bolnd; tbali 1., pani nilpna ya 

atkal k., anddzu k. 
Soundly, ad, achcbbi tarab, bakbu- 

bi. 



SPE 



2G2 



SPE 



Sour, o. kliattd, tursli, cliir-cliiru, 

nakliufih. 
Source, n. nikiis, baramad, masdar, 

sar, asl. 
Souse, V. bliigoml, duban-i, dubki d., 

jliapatna. 
South, n. dakkliin, juniib. 
Soutliing, n. di.kkliinjiyan. 
South-east, a. dakkbin aur piirab 

ke hich ka kona. 
Southern, a, dakkhani, juniibi. 
Southward, a. dakkhin-ko, ba-siie 

juniib. 
South-west. a. dakkhin aur pach- 

cham ke bich ka kona. 
Sovereign, a, mutlaq, mustaqil, 

azam; karguzar. 
Sovereign, n, badshah, sultan, raja. 
Sovereignty, n. budshahat, saltanat, 

hukiiniat, istiqlal. 
Sow, V. bouci, tukhmrezi k. ; bichha- 

na, phailana. 
Sower, w. bowaiya, bone w., kisan. 
Space, 71. fasihi. wusat, arsa, bich, 

muddat, waqt, maidan. 
Spacious, a. pliailaii, wasi, ariz, ku- 

shada, farakh. 
Spade, n. kudal, kudali, phawrd; 

ganjifa. 
Span, w. bulisht, biland. 
Spaniel, n. qism-i-kutta. 
Spar, V, band k., bhirna, larna, 

tanta k. 
Sparc, V. bnchqna, kifayatk., jaue d. 
Spare, a. thora, qlil, kam; patla, 
_^, dublti; ziyada, baqi. 
Sparing, a. knni-kharch, kiffiyati, 

juzras, tangdast. 
Spark, n. cliiiiguri, chin gi, patanga, 

akhgar; chliaihl, banka, tirchha. 
Sparkle, ik cliiniriiri nikalnti, cha- 

makna, jhalakna, jhanijhanmna. 
Sparkling, a. chanikila, jagniagata- 

huii, darakhshan, chaniak-dar. 
Sparrow, n, kunjishk, gjiuriya. 
"Spasm, n, jakar, mar or, ainth, pe- 

chish. 
Sputter, w. chhirakna, aib lagana, 

aluda k. 
Spawn, n. machhli ke ancle. 
Speak, V, bolna, kahna, bat k., talaf- 

fuz k. 



Speaker, w. bolne w., mutakallini^ 

sukhan-saz ; mir-i-maj lis. 
Spear, n. barchhi, bliala, ballanij 

nez;i. 
Spearman, n. ballam-bardar, naa- 

bardar. 
Special, a. khass; makhsiis, fizO^ 

nadir. 
Specie, n, naqd, zar, rokar. 
Species, w. Ziit, qism. jins, nana. 
Specific, a. zati, qisrai, jinsi. 
Specific, n. dawa mujarrab, hukmi- 

dawa. 
Specification, n. tashkliis, tafiil^ 

tafsil-war-biyan. 
Specify, v, tashkhis k., tafsilwir 

kahna. 
SpccimcQ, n. namtina, chashni, 

bangi. 
Specious, a. zaliir numa, khush-nth 

ma*; zahir-dar. 
Speck, n. dAna, blind, chhintd, dgg, 

til, khal. 
Specked, v, chitkabra, dag-dar, pa- 

lang-rang. 
Spectacle, n. tamdsha, manzar, maz^ 

har. ajab, numj.ish. 
Spectacles, n. chashma, chashmak, 

ainak. 
Spectator, n. dekne w., nazir, ta- 

mashcii. 
Spectre, n, khiyal, siirat-i-sdya> 

bhiit, ifrit. 
Speculate, v. andesha k., fikr L^ 

lihaz k., taammul k., tasawwar k. 
Speculation, n andesna, fikr, lihaz, 

tasawwar. 
Speculative, a, fikr-mand, mulabza- 

dar, khiyali, wahmi. 
Speculator, n. niansuba baz, abl-i- 

maqsad ; gaur k. w. 
Speech, w. boli. zaban, guftar, go- 
. y-c.i; sukhan, kalam, tallafiuz. 
Speechless, a. be-zaban, be-sukhan, 

lajawab. 
Speed, n. jaldi, ziid, shitdb, tezrawi, 

harbari, daur-dhiip. 
Speed, ad. jaldi-se, shitaban, turt, 

fauran, daura-daur. 
Speedy, a. jald, shitab, tez, chalafc. 
Spell, n, jadii, afsiin, man tar. 
Spell, V. hijje k., tahajji k., imlak* 



SPI 



263 



sro 



Spelling, n. liijje, taliajji, imla. 
Spend, V, kharcli k., sarf k., nrana; 

katua, uthanu, chliorna, nikalna, 

sukhna. 
Spender, Spendthrift, n, uraii, mus- 

rif, fuziil-kliarch. 
•Spent, a. kliarch liud, niasriif; man- 
da, sust; thaka. 
Sperable, a. niuinkin-ul-ummed. 
Sperm, w. maui, dliat, birj, nutfa, 

tukhm. . 
Spew, V, qai k., radd k., kharij k., 

ugal d. 
Sphere, n. gola, kura, qubba; charkh 

ya daur; martaba, thikana, rah. 
Spheric, Spherical, a. gol, mudaw- 

war, kura-war, gol-sa. 
Spheroid, n. baizawi chiz, kure, ke 

manind. 
Spice, n, masalah, garm-masulah, 

siah-dana, zarra, bii, has. 
Spiculate, v, nokila, ya nok-dar k. 
Spider, «. makri, makra, ankabiit. 
Spigot, n. thepi, datta. 
S[)ike, n, bal, kliosha; mekh, kil. 
Spill, V. aundhaiia, chhalkana, dhal- 

na, bahanu, giru d., marna, jhuka d. 
Spin, V. katna, lambana, tatwil k.; 

banana; pherna, ghumana; siitkat- 

na. daraz k. 
Spindle, n. takla, takiia, phirki, dam- 

kara. 
Spine, n. rirh, kiingror, sulb, kanta. 
Spinel, n. dhat^;i|a'dani shai. 
Spinner, n. k^Kjuhur, katne wala 

ya Willi. 
Spinning, w. katai, charkh a-zani. 
Spinning-wheel, n. charkhi;, charkh i, 

ralita; ,,, [hari. 

Spinster, w. kanwari, kiiari; katan- 
Spiny, a. kantila, khardar, ghabra- 

ya hna. 
Spire, n. minar, kalas; pecli, pcchish, 

pechida khatt. 
Spirit, 71. riih, nafs, jan, dam; siirat- 

i-wahmi, khayal, bhut; dilori; 

himmat, gairat, taha, niizaj; tezi, 

^armi; araq,'atr, sharab. 
Spirit, r. jurat k., targib d. tahrik k., 

diler k., lalkarna. 
Spirited, n, jan-dar tez-dil, diler, 

ziuda-dil, karwu, ahl-i-gairat. 



Spiritual, a. niluini, butini, mazha- 

bi, niiri, dini, dili, pak. 
Spirituality, n. riihaniyat, khalis, 

riyuzat, dini-muta'lliqat, qiids. 
Spirituous, a. tez, tund, khalis, saf. 
^^pit, n. sikh, sikhcha; thiik, lu'ub. 
Spit. V. sikh. lagana. chhedna, pero- 

na, thukna, thiik d.. ugalna. 
Spite, n. bugz, ya kina, adawat, 

'inad, khalish, kudiirat. rashk. ka- 

Vfish, khilaf zidd, nafrat. 
Spite, V. zidd k., mukhalafat k., 

bezar k., ranjida k., na-n'iz k. 
Spiteful, a. kina-war, ziddi, kapati, 

gathila. 
Spitefully, a. kina-wari- se, kina- 

kashi se, ziddan, bad-andeshi se. 
Spitefulness, n, kina-wari, bugz, 

kina-kashi, adawat. 
Spittle, n. thiik, lar ya ral. lu'ab. 
Spit-venom, 71, zahr jo munh se ni- 

kalta hai. 
Splash, V, chhi^a dalna, ^liida k. 
Splashy, a. jalthal, chahlaha, kich- 

raha. 
Splendent. ) a, chamkila, raushan, 
Splendid, j mujalla chatkila, bhar- 

kilii, raiigila, raunaqdar. 
Splendour, w. jalwa. chamak. rausha- 

ni, bhaiak, tajammul, zarq-barq. 
Splenetic, a. chirchird, diqq, tunak- 

mizaj. 
Splice, V, bunkar giith-kar-satna, 

bagair girah ki rassi jonn'i. 
Splint, V. chirna, phdrna, khapachi 

se bandhna. 
Splint, n, phans, chit, dhajji, kha- 
pachi. 
Splinter, w. sink, khapachi, kirch, 

lakii yahaddi wg. ka tuk^a, phans, 

reza. 
Split, V, chirna, pharna, chak k., 

phorna, phatna, torna, masakna, 
Splutter, V. gulgapara k., balwa k., 

gar-bar bolna, aisa bolnakijis- 

men kuchh samajh na pare. 
Spoil, n, liit, taraj, ganimat, yagma, 

liitpat. 
Spoil, r. liitna, chhinna, lijarna; 

sa'ana, kharab k., garat k. 
Spoke, n, chakkar ka ara, beni, 

danda; 



SPR 



20)4 



SQU 



Spoke, Spoken, y>;>. bold liua, kabti 

huu, gnfta. 
Spokesman, n. diure ki tarf se boliie 

w.. bulwaiy.i. 
Spoliation, 7i. liit-piit, garatgari, 

(Uika-zani. 
Sponge, n. nnia-badal. isfanj. 
Sponsion, n. zaniin bona, zamdnat 

karnii. 
Sponsor, n. zamin, dbaram bap ya 

nia. 
Spontaneons. a. ikbtiN'ari, manmani, 

kbiid-ba-kbud. zali. 
Sp'.>ntaneonsJy, ad, iklitiyar se, apbi 

cij), ap we. klind-ba kbiul. 
Spool, n. bet, nal ya nali. 
Spoon, n. cbaniclia, cbaminacb, kar- 

cbbi. 
Sport., n. sbikar; bazi. kbcl, bansi, 

kbilli, jasbsin; kbilainiu. 
Sport. V. kbelna, kliusbi k., bazi k., 

kliolta pbirna. 
Sportive, a. kbusb-aiyiir, bansniukb, 

ra'.\i;iU'i, kbelari. 
Sportsman, n. stiikari, shikar baz. 
Spot. n. dag,ebliit, kalank; jagab, 

kluiss injiqiim. 
Spot, ?\ bignrna, dagi k., dag ya 

cbbit Ingiinii. alnda k. 
Spotless, a. pak, bojunn, bedag, bc- 

aib, nuitabarrak. 
Sponsal. a. biyiibi. nikiibi. 
Sponse. n. zauja, ya zauj, jorii ya 

kbasam. 
Spouse, V. nik.ib k.. sbadi k. 
Spout, n, tn\\[i. parnala abr.^.. nal. 
Spont. V. cborua, fawwara ebbiitna. 

uebliMlna. 
Sprain, n. pecbisb, maror, mocb, 

nnirak. 
Sprawl. V. lotna, tarapna, liatb 

paon raarna. 
Spread, v. bicbbj'ma. kbolna, tanna, 

pasarna, ydiailana. farsb k. 
Spread, n. pbuiiuO, ibata, gber;ku- 

sbadagi till. 
Spr'gbt. ^^prite, n, nib, saya, paret, 

bbiit; kburranii bakbsb taqat. 
Sprigbtliiiess, n, cbahlki, cbusti, 

zindadiii, kburrami. 
Sprigbtly. a. cbust, cbalak, sbokb, 

zor-awar. 



Spring, i\ jamnii, barli-utlina, nikal- 

iia. jbapaina, ugna, pbandna, kud- 

na. 
Spring, 71, baliar, basant, fasl-i-gul; 

kiid. jbapnt, zaqand; niamba, cht- 

sbnia; asl, buniyad, bekh. 
Springe, S]n-ingb», n, dam. phanda. 
Si»ringing, w. taraciqi, afziiiii, zlya- 

duti. 
Si)ring-tide, w. madd-i-kaniil. 
Sprinkle, v. eliliiralaia, chljjr.na, ab 

pasbi k., ebliita-niiima, bbigoni 
Sprit, V. panapna, jamna, kalyani, 

uebbaln .. 
Sprout, V, dali nikalni, panapna, 

kalyana. 
S})rout. V, diili, paiidba, konpal, ch- 

boti sliakb. 
Si>nhe. a. cbbail-cbikaniya, albeli, 

b.lnki'i, tircba. 
Spruv'.iiess, n. cbbaiUi-pan, sajawat, 

bani'iwat. 
>*pud, ??. ek cbbotu cbaqii. 
S[.ume, ??. ])ben, kaf, jbag. 
Si»nme, v. kaf-njiirna, pbi'n-utbnd. 
Spumous, Spumy, a. pbenaha, kaf- 

dar, jbag-diir. 
Spnnge, n, abr-i-murdfir, isfanj, mtia 

badal. 
Simnk n. gbnnibui-kbusbk-lakrl, 

ln'zam-i-bi^sida, diyu salai, tora. 
Spur, n. kanlu, niabmez, kbar, tar- 
gib, tabrik. [ni. 
Spur, V. kantani.'irnn, cbal{ina;cbhpr- 
S[uii)us, a. jbiitba, libdsi, jalia, 

liarami. 
S}»urn. V. hit mj'irna, tdlna, tbokar 

niarna, liiqarat k., bansnd. 
Sputation, n. tbiiknd. 
Sputter, V, jjikli bolna, nuBaf bolni, 

tliutbkdnid. 
Sj-y. 77. jasil-', bbediyd, joinda, na- 

zarbaz, razjo. 
S,)y, r. jbanknr, jasiisi k., taknS, 

dLiindbnd, kliojnd, diir se dekh 

l)ana. taldsb k., imtiban k. 
Spial, n. kbabar-gir, kbabarjo, nigdh 

ban. jdsi-s, bbediyd. 
Sqnab, a. bepar-o-bdl, mota, farbih, 

jasim, qadawar. 
Squabble, n. jbagrd; bakber4, tanta^ 

qaziyd. 



STA 



2G5 



STA 



Squabble, v. jhagarna, qaziya k., 

takrar k. 
Squadron, n. fauj ya bahr ka ekliis- 

sa, ghol, dastti, jhund. 
Squalid, a. maliii, maila, ganda. 
ISquall, n, jLakora, cliillaliat, kuk, 

andhi. 
Squall, Squeal, v. chillana, cliiklmd, 

chichiyana. 
Squally, a. jliakoron se bbara liua, 

andhiyalia, tufani. 
Squamous, a. chliilkedar, sipdar. 
Squander, v. urana, lutauji, ganwuna, 

bar bad k. 
Squanderer, n. fuzul-kliarcli, babut 

kliarch k.. w., musiif, uniii. 
Square, a. murabba, cbaukoua, zul- 

qaima, barabar. bamwiir. 
Square, n. sbakl-i-murabba', majziir. 
Square, e*. murabba', k., cliauras k., 

tliik k., durust k. 
Squasb, v, kuclialna,masalna, daba d. 
Squash, n, narm chiz; ek qism ka 

per; acbanak zarb ya sadma. 
Squat, V. dabak baitbna, cbar zanu 

ya ukrii baitbna, simat baithna, 

sukar ke baitbna. 
Squeak, v. chen-clien k., kikyana, 

chanchanana, clucbiyana. 
Squeak, n, kikiyabat, cben-clien, 

chikli. 
Squeak, v. kikiyaua chichiyana. 
Squeamish, a. machlahd, khush-di- 

mag, qai karne ko mail, mutakab- 

bir. 
Squeasy. a. matlaha, khush dimilg. 
Squeeze, n, dabana, tor-dalna, ni- 

chorna, tipna. pelna, satand. 
Squelch, v. dabana, kiitna, kuchalna. 
Squelch, n, dhamaka, dham so girna. 
Squib, n, patakha; hajo. 
Squinancy, n. khiina^, gale hi rog. 
Squint, v. tirchha dekhna, terhi 

nigah k., kankhiyon se dekhna. 
Squint, a. bhenga, terhi nigah se 

dekhne w., dhera. 
Squirrel, n, j»ilehri. 
Squirt, n, pichkari, damkala. 
Squirt, v, pichkari marna ya chhpr- 

na. 
Stab, V. bhonkna, khonchna, chubha- 

na. 



Stab, n. bhonk, khoncha. 

Stability, n, qarar, tahrao, qiytlm, 

paidari, ustuvvari. 
Stable, a. barqarar, qaim, ustuwi'r, 

mazbiit, paidar. 
Stable, n. astabal, tawela, pae-gah. 
Stack, n, ambar, tiida, dher. 
Staff, w. a'sa, lathi, chhari, chob, 

chhar. 
Stag, n. barah singlia, kandsar. 
Stage, n. tamashagah, akhara, man- 

zil, farod-gah, darja. 
Stage-coach, n, manzili gari, ddk- 

ki-gari. 
Stagger, v, dagmagana, larkharana, 

pas-o-pesh k., dil men shakk dal- 

na. 
Stagnant, a. band, kharii, sakin, 

istada, be-harakat, sust. 
Stagnate, v, atakna, rukna, band h., 

tharna. 
Stagnation, n, rukao, tharao, atkao, 

istadagi. 
Staid, a. sanjida, mudabbir, sabit- 

qadam, pakka, qaim-mizaj. 
Stain, V, dagi k., dhabba dalna ; 

harf ya dag lana, ruswa k. 
Stain, n. dag, dhabba, kalank, bad- 

nami, harf, khatra. 
Staircase, n. nardban, pairhi, zina. 
Stake, n, khamba, khiinta, mekh, 

katahra ; shart, (at) khatra. 
Stake, V. khambhe se gherna> tekna, 

thambhna; shart bandhna. 
Stale, a. bdsi, shabina, purana, dini, 

siikhi. 
Stale, V, miitna, peshab k. 
Staleness, w. purani, qadimi, basi- 

pan, phikai. 
Stalk, w. dali, dan thai, dandi. 
Stalk, V. ainth ke chain a. 
Stall, n. than, argara ; khancha, 

gird'a, jhonprd. 
Stallage, n, tawele ka kiraya. 
Stallation, n. khila't dekar kisi 

'uhde par muqarrar k. ya h. 
Stall-fed, a, taTvele men mota-taza 

kiya hua, bandha khilaya hiia. 
Stallion, n, asp-i-nar, bij-ka ghora. 
Stalworth, a. muzbiit, zor-awar ya 

qawi. [asl. 

I Stamen, n, siit^ raiil ^i \^\\ i*^ V^ 



I 



Ht 



STA 



2CG 



STA 



Siaminate, v, quwwat-i-zati yd asli 

ttiqat dona yd bakliBlind. 
Stammer, v, tutldnd, zabdn-lngnd^ 

luknat k. larbarana, liaklaiid. 
Stammerer, n. totld, liaUla, luknat i. 
Stammering, n. luknat, liaklaliat, 

larbai'dhat. 
V Stamp, V. pdnw so pitud, naqsli k., 

nishdn d., bakliiibi qdim k. yd 

nasb k., zarb yd sikka baudnd, 

clihdpnd, tikat lagan a. 
Stamp, n. muhr yd sikka, naqsli, 

naqslia yd qatlzan, qadr, surat yd 

tar all. 
Stamper, n, muhr, sikka. 
Standi, V. baud k., yd khiin wagaira 

ka balmd band k. 
Stanch, a. mustahkam, sdbit, maz- 

bi\t, kamil. 
Stanchion, n, danda, thnni, ddt, 

khambhd, sikhcha. 
Stanchness, w. istihkara, tfstuwdri 

yd pdc-ddri. 
Stand, V, khardh., qdim yd bar-pa k. 
Stand, n. maqdm, tan gi yd istddagi. 
Standard, n. alam, andaza, nirkh, 

nishdn. [w., istdda. 

Stander, n. kliard h. w., khard rahnc 
Standing, a. muqarrar, pdcddr,istam- 

rari, pakkd. 
Standing, n, qiyam, pde-ddri, istd- 
dagi yd barpdi. 
Standard-bearer, n. nishdn-barddr, 

'alam-barddr, ncza-barddr. 
Standish, n, qalam-ddn, 
Stang, n, dandd, chhar, lagga. bdns. 
Stannary, n. wildyati lohc ki khdn. 
Stanza, n. bait, qita, murabba, mu- 

saddas, fard, doha, rubdi. 
Staple, n. ganj, asl yd jauhar, asl 

sandd. [niya. 

Staplei^, w. saudd-gar, kar-bdri, ba- 
Star, w. kaukab, najm ya akhtar, 

sitdra, nishdn. 
Starless, a. be-sitdra, sitaron ki 

roshni ke bagair, be-nishdn. 
Starred, a. sitaron so arasta. 
Starry, a. kawdkib-dur, kawakib- 

numa, sitdi'a-numa. 
Star-gazer, n. sitdra shinas, sitara- 

dan, situra-bin yd ilm-i-haiyat- 

dan, munjjim yd nujumi. 



St( 



Si: 
St 

St 






Star-paved, a. pur-s?itara, pnr-kaii- 

kib. 
Star-proof, «. jismen »itdron ti rosh- 
ni jia baith sake. 
Star-shoot, n, jo-kuchli sitaron w 

nikle yd chhute, ttlra-liUnd. 
Star-stone, w. sitdra-numd patthar, l*-^ 

ck patthar jo sit are ke manind 

hota hai. 
Starch, n. kalap, mawa, minri, ni- 

sluUta. 
Starched, a. kalap-dar yd ahar-dar, 

sakht, qanuni. 
Starch edness, n. sakhti, rasm pa- 

rasti ya sanjidagi. 
Starcher, «. kalap charhdnc "wila, 

kalap lagdne w., manri lagtlne w. 
Stare, r. munh-dekhterahndvdtak- 

taki lagdna. ghtirnd, tak bdndhna. 
Starer. n. munh-dckhne w., taktaid 

lagdne w., ghurne w. 
Stark, a. sakht, mazbiit, amiq, 

faqat, nmtlaq yd mahz. 
Starkly, ad. sakhti se, inazbiUi se. 
Start, v. bharaknd, chherna, cliannk- 

uthna yd jhajhaknd. 
Starting, n. chaunk, bliarak, jlia- 

jhak. [zada k. 

Startle, v. bhaikdna, darand, khauf- 
Starvo, r. bhiikh-piyas rakhnii, 

bhukh-se mdma; bhiikhon mw- 

ddhid. 
State, V bay an k., siirat-i-lial b»- 

ydn k., arz k., zdhir k. 
State, n. hdl, waza; martaba, mm- 

sab; shan-o-shankat, ihtishdm; 

sal tan at, raj. 
Stately, a. shahana, 'unida, udlisLan, 

azim. 
Statement, n, siirat-i-hal, Laqiqat-i- 

hal, arzddsht. 
Station, n, jagah, thikdna, jae, ma* 

qam, mauzil; mansab, darji, 

martaba. 
Station, v. rakhnd, khard k., btt" 

thalnd, taiyun k., nasab k. 
Stationary, a. sakin, nd-rawdn, sd- 
bit, muqim. 
Stationer, n, kdgazi, kagaz-farosh. 
Stationery, n, kagaz, qalam, wagaira. 
Statuary, n, but-tardshi, naqqashi; 

but- trash, naqqdsh, 



STE 



2G7 



. STI 



Statue,. n. Idsi ki murat jo kliod kar 

ban^ jay; but, sanam, shakl, 

iasviif, 
Stature, n, qadd, andatn, qamat. 
Rtatute, n qaada, ain, qaiiiin, amr. 
Stare, v, torna, tukra k.. dafa k. 
Stay, V. rahna, tikna, tliarna, basna, 

biid-o-basli k., der k., rokna; 

thambhiiii, pusliti d. 
Stays, n, angiya, choli, maliram. 
Qtead, 71. jagali, jae, 'iwaz, badal, 

badli. 
Steadfast, a, qaim, paedar, qaim- 

mizaj, sabit-qadam. 
Steady, a. paedar, ustuwar, qaim- 

miziij, siibit qadam. 
Steal, V. chori k., churana, cliura- 

lej.-ma, duzdi k. — (upon,) chhi- 

pake nazdikana — {aioay,) chiip- 

chap cliale jana. 
Stealth, n. chori, duzdi— (J^^,) chhip- 

ke, eh lip-chap. 
Steam, 7i. bhaph, bukhar, dhiian. 
Steam-engine, n. ag-ki kal, dlnian- 

kash. 
Steed, n. ghora samand, bad-pd. 
Steel, n. fulad, ispat, kheri. 
Steep, a. khara, uncha, nasheb, 

dhalii. 

• * 

Steep, V. dubo rakhna, bhigond. 
Steeple, n, minar, lath. 
Steer, v. dial ana. rah bat and. 
Steersman, n. manjhi, mu'allim. 
Stem, w. tana, shakh, khandan, nasi, 

jins; nasab, jahaz ka aga. 
Stem, V. pani chima, rokna, band 

k., atkand. 
Stench, n. badbo, gand, ta'affun. 
Stenography, n. mukhtasar haruf 

men likhnd. 
Stentorian, a, buland-awaz bolne w., 

bara-slior karne w. 
Step, n. qadam, gam, pa; dial, ra- 

wisli; sirhi, rutbd, payd, darja, 

martaba; kam; — {in comp,) ^au- 

tela yd sauteli. 
Step, v. qadam r., chalnd, Idnghna; 

liatna. 
Step-daughter, n, bahii, patoh. 
Step-father, n, sasur, khusar. 
Step-mother, n. sas, sauteli ma. 
Sterile, a. lisar, shor, sukha, khushk. 



Sterility, «, usarai, shoriyat, khu- 

shki. 
Stern, a. tursh-rii, sakht, durusht, 

tund, tez. 
Stern, n. jhdz kd picha hissa, dum- 

bal-i-jahaz. 
Steward, n. khdnsamdn, bhandari, 

diwan, kdrinda, karguzar. 
Stewardship, n. khdnsanian gari, * 

diwani.. 
Stick, n. lakri, lathi, cliliari, chob, 

danda. 
Stick, V, chipatnd, chimatna, lagna, 

hichkichana, ghabrana; chhedna, 

bhonkna. 
Stickle, V. hujjat k., tarafdari k. 
Stiff, a, kara, sakht, magra, riikhd, 

sarkash. 
Stiffen, V. kard k. yd h., sakht k. 

ya hond. 
Stiff-necked, a. sarkash, gardan- 

kash, magra.- [rai. 

Stiffness, n. sakhti, sarkashi, mag- 
Stifle, V. sans rokna; dabana, bujha- 

na, chhipana. 
Stigma, n. dag, harf, aib, be-izati-ka 

nishan. 
Stigmatize, v. dag lagdna, bad-ndmi 

d. ya k. 
Still, a. chup, sakit, sunsdn, sdkiiJ, 

asiida, be-harkat, khamosh. 
Still, ad, ab-tak, hinoz, bd-wajiid. 
Still, V. chup k., khamosh k., tham- 

bhnd, usiida k., taskin d. 
Stillness, n. chup-chdpi, khdmoshi, 

sun-sani; asudgi, sukiinat. 
Stimulate, v. tahris k., tahrik k., 

targib d., chaldna, daurdna, ja- 

gana, dmdda k. 
Stimulous, w. tahris, tahrik, targib. 
Sting, n. dank, nesh, dans. 
Sting, V. dankmamd, bindhna, su- 

rdkh k. 
Stingy, a. tang-dast, tang-dil, ba- 

khil, siim-mizaj. 
Stink, n. bad-bo, ufiinat, taaffun. 
Stipend, «. wazifa, mushdhara, ro- 

zina. 
Stipulate, v. shart k., thahrdnd, ahd- 

o-paimdn k. 
Stipulation, n. shart, qaul-o-qarar, 

ahd-o-paiiuuu. 



8T0 



>^. 



2G8 



STR 



Stir, V. kliisakiia, sjirakna, Larkat 

k., liiUiiui, utliiina, jiunbish d. 
Stir, n. hangaiua, liarbnri, liulclial, 

shorsliar. 
♦Stirrup, n. rakab. 
JStitch, n. tdiikti, doklit, bakhiya, 

bnnnc ka sut. 
Stitch, V. tanknii, doklit k., sinii, 

tiirapna. 
Stock, n. tana, pay a, gold; kanda, 

dasta; guliibaud, asl, nasi; punji, 

may a; alimaq, bc-waqiif. 
Stock, V. pur k., anibar lagana, 

punji k. 
Stocking, n. moza suti ya roslimi. 
Stocks, n. kunda, katli, dhanclia jis- 

per nao banti liai. 
Stomach, n. mi'da, shikam, bhiikh, 

ragbat, gussa, guriir. 
Stomach, v, na-ruz h., bardasht k., 

bura manna. 
Stomachic, a, hazim, mi'da-ko-taqat 

bakhsh. 
Stono, n. patthar, sang, sang-i-ma- 

sana; tukhm, wazn (4 sir); jawa- 

hir, janhar, guthli. 
Stone, a, patthrilti, sangi, sangin. 
Stone, V. patthar marnd, sangsar k., 

guthli ya jali nikalna. 
Stone-hearted, a. sang-dil, be-dard, 

be-rahm, [sakht. 

Stony, a. pathrila, sangistan, sangi, 
Stool, n, pirha, morhd, tipai. 
Stoop, V. jhukna, nihurna, mail h. 
Stop, V. rahna, khara rahna, band 

k., rokna, mana k., masdiidk.; 

mauqiif k.; buz r.. tikna 
Stop, Stoppage, n. atkao, rok, bandi, 

mana; nishan, nuqta, khiinti, 

sadd, mumiina'at. 
Store, 71, kasrat, dher. khazana, za- 

khira, may a, bahutiit. 
Store-house, n. ambar-khana, ganji- 

na, bhandara. 
Storm, «. dndhi, tiifan, hangdma, 

hujum, hamla. 
Storm, V. danr-marna, hamla sc 

lcn«d; gazab k., sarzanish k., 

ydrish ya takht k. 
Stormy, a. tiifani, gazabnak. 
Story, 71. kaluini, das tan, qissa; 

manzil; tabqa. 



Sf 



Stout, a. tanawar, inota, mazl)ut,|^^ 

qawi; dilawar. 
Stoutness, n. tanawari, motai, niai- 

buti. quwwat; dileri. 
Stover, n. charajghas-phiis, gbaspat, 
Stow, V, rakhna, tah-ba-tah rakhni, 

tab ana. 
Straddle, v, tang phailakar chains, 

kushada-rau-ho-kar cbaliia. 
Straggle, v. idhar-udhar ya bhatak- 

ta phirna, awara b., para-ganda 

h., bikharna. 
Straight, a. sidha, rast, mnstaqim, 

chust. 
Straight, Straightway, ad, fil-faur, 

fauran, turt, abhi. 
Straighten, a. sidhd k., rast k. 
Strain, v, chhanna, jharna, nichor- 

na; lachkdna, murkana, daurana, 

jhukand, nikalnd. rasna. 
Strain, n, roocli, lachak, maror; 

nagma, tarannum; wajh-i-sukhau, 

siirat-i-kalam, dhab. 
Strainer, n. chhanna, sdfi. 
Strait, w. kotah, sakrfi, tang, chust, 

kash-ma-kash. 
Strait, n. ghati, tang-rah, gali; sakh- 

ti, tangi. 
Straiten, v. tang k., sametna, kasni, 

khainchna. 
Straitness, n, tangi, clmsti, sakhti. 
Strand, n, kindra, sahil, lab-i-darya. 
Strand, v. mama, pataknfi, pbenk- 

na, kindrcpar demarna. 
Strange, a, began a, garib, ajnabi; 

ajib, nayd, nddir, bii'dnd, gair. 
Stranger, w. ajnabi, gair-admi, be- 
gan a, ndwdqif. 
Strangle, v, phdnsi d., gala dabana 

ya gh ontna, tasma-khainchna, 

dam-roknd. 
Strangury, n. habs-ul-baul, ziqn-1- 

baul. 
Strap, w. tasma, patti, dhajji, chit, 

peti. 
Stratagem, w. hila, fareb, fann, dho- 

khd, bdzi. 
Stratum, n. tabdq, tabqa, bis at, tab, 

part. 
Straw, 71. paydl, khar, tinka, bbtisa. 
Stray, v. bhat^ikna, gum-rah b. 

bhulnd, chiiknd; bichburna. 



STR 



C^ 



269 



C<J> 



STU 



Stray, w. bliiila, bhatka, giim-rali. 
Streak, «. kLatt, lakir, partati, 

laliar. 
Streaked, Streaky, a. khattdiir, la- 

hariya, dharidi.r. 
Stream, n. dhara, lahar, darya, 

11 all r, naddi.. 
Stream, y. dhar bandli ke nikalna, 

jari h., bahna. 
Streamer, n. pharabra, jbanda. 
Street, n. gali, kiicha, rd^sta, sarak. 
Strength, n. zor, qnwwat, zorawari, 

tawanai, mazbiiti^ istibkam, push- 

ti, tezi, tundi. 
Strengthen, v. zor d., quTvwat d., 

qawi k., zor«awar k., mazbiit k. 
Strenuous, a. sar-garm, jawan-mard, 

diler, tund; niazbiit. 
Stress, n. gh-ani, sangini, bojh, bar; 

zor, qahr. 
Stretch, v. khainchna, tanna, phai- 

lana, baihiina. 
Strew, t;. ■ chhitkana, khindana, bi- 

chhuna, bakherna. 
Strict, a. sakht, durusht, shadid; 

thik, daqiq, mashgiil. 
Stricture, n. san'at, kari-gari, sim- 

taw, nukta-dani ya barik bini ka 

qaul, harf girl. 
Sti-ide, 71. phalang, shutur-gam, dag. 
Stride, v. phahing mama, dog-bhar- 

na, pair-pasarkar chalna. 
Strife, n. jhagra, munaqisha, muna- 

zaat, larai. 
Strike, v, mama, thonlvu^, pitna; 

qatal k ; chh a pn li, ba j a n a ; j h a r n a ; 

bandhna, karna, sikka-banana, 

zarb-mama, uwaz d., mustahkam 

k. 
String, w. rassi, dori, sutli, rasan, 

tar, silsila, zanjir. 
String, V. pirond, giithna, ganthna; 

tar charhana, dori lagana, kasna. 
Stringy, a. resha-dar, siit ka banu 

hua. 
Strip, n, dhajji, para, patti. 
Strip, r. nanga k,, 'uryan k.; ukhar- 

na, udherhna, Ic-lenu, liitna, mah- 

rum k. 
Stripe, n. lakir, dhari, dhajji, patti, 

kara, zarb, chot. [dar. 

Striped, a. lahariya, siftkiya, dhari- 



Stripling, n. nim-jawtin, chhokra, 

na-baJig. 
Strive, v, qasd k., koshish k., jidd- 

o-jahd k., zor marni'i, jjin fishani 

k.; zidd k.; dekhadekhi k., daur- 

dhiip k. 
Stroke, n, mar-pit, chot, zarb, sad- 
ma; lakir; khatt. 
Stroke, v, sahlana, hathpherna, 

ponchhna, hath so uhista-ahista 

malna. 
Stroll, a. para phima, gliumna, 

gasht k., phirna. 
Strong, a. zorawar, qawi, mazbiit; 

sakht, mustahkam; tez. 
Strong-fisted, a. zabar-dast, hath 

kit mazbiit. 
Strong-hand, w. zor, zabardasti, 

taqat. 
Strongly, ad, mazbiUi ya quwwat 

se, listuwari se, zor ya shiddat so. 
Strong-set, a. gathila, harmushta, 

qawi-haikal. 
Strong-water, w. tez sharab. 
Structure, ?i. ta'mir ya tarkib, waz- 

i-ta'mir, banawat shakl, siirat yd 

sakht. 
Struggle, V. jidd-o-jahd ya jan fisha- 

ni k., kushti k., mihnat k., tak- 

rar k., laina. 
Struggle, n. mihnat ya jan-fishani, 

qaziya, takrar ya munaqasha. 
Struggler, w. jidd-o-jahd k. w.. jin- 

fishani k. w., milmat k. w. 
Struggling, w. jidd-o-jahd, koshish, 

jan-fishani. * 

Strumpet, n. fahisha, be-wafa aurat 

quttama, paturiya. 
Strumpet, v. chhinala k., bigaina. 
Strut, V. akama, akar-kar-chalna, 

ainth karchalna, chhati-phula-kar- 

chalna, phiilna. 
Strutter, w. akarne w., akar-kar 

chalne w., 
Stub, n. thunth ya thiinthi, kunda. 
Stubbed, a. chhota aur mot a, kara. 
Stubble, n. khiintha, khuijti. 
Stubborn, a. zidd;, na-mulaim, sar- 

kash ya gardan-kash, magra. 
Stubbornness, n. zidd, sar-kashi, 

gardan-kashi. 
Stubby, a. chhota aur mazbiit. 



STU 



270 



SUB 



Stud, n. tluini, kliamblia, kliuiitLi 

yii kliuuti, latti'i, gliorou ka jluind. 
Study, n. mutala-at-i-kutub, talib- 

i-*ilmi, tahsil-i-'ilm, gaur, fikr, 

lihaz, lialki taswir. 
Study, V, mutala'a k., dars k., 

khayal k., koshish k. 
Student, n, talib-i-'ilm, sbagird, 

parhne wala, vidyarthi. 
Studied, a, ulim-i-khawanda ya fa- 

zil, maliir ya waqif. 
Studiedly, acL ihtiyut, hosh-yari 

gaur ya tawnjjuh se. 
Studious, a, 'ilm-i-dost, inihnati ya 

mashgiil, hoshyar, kliabar-dar. 
Studiously, ad, 'ilm-se. tan dihi ko- 

sliish mihnat ya masbaqqat se. 
Stuff, n. koi cbiz, sbai ya jins, miid- 

da ya asbab, raklit, kap^a. 
Stufif, w. bbar d., tliusna, dabana, 

rokna, babut kbana, pbulana. 
Stuffing, n. bb a raw at, bbarti, woh- 

cbiz jissc kuchb bbara jac. 
Stultify, v. bc-waqiif banana, ahmaq 

ya be-'aql bantinn. 
Stultiloquy, n^ bc-biida guft-gii, 

yawa-goi. 
Stumble, v. tliokar yd tlies kbann, 

bbiilna, cbiikna, aparna, mil- j ana. 
Stumbler, n. tbokav kliane w., bluilne 

w., cbiikne w., a-parne w., a -jane 

wala. 
Stumbling-block, ) n. thokar, bliiU kd 
Stumbling-stone, J sabab. 
Stump, n. tluintb, khiinti. 
Stun, V. zarb«ya cliot se be-kbabar 

ya sar-gardiin k., liairan ya mu- 
tably nr k. 
Stunt,. V. ugne ya barlme se rokna, 

dabana. 
Stupid, a. bad-zibn ya sust, kabil, 

majbiil, namaqiil. 
Stupidity, n. susti, kaliili, majbiili, 

be-wuqiifi, hamdqat, be-bosbi yd 

na^ddni. 
Stupidly, ad, susti yd kund-zibni 

se, kabil i se. 
Stupidness, n. susti, kdbili yd kund- 
zibni, be-wuqiifi. bamdqat. 
Stnpify, V. be-hosb bad-bawdss yd 

be-wuqiif bandnd yd k.,- Rust, 

kund-zibn yu be-liiss k. 



Slupifier, n. be-bosh be-khabar be- 

wuqiif kund-zibn ya na* dan k. v. 
Stupcndons, a. ajib ja azim, hairat- 

angcz, bairat-afza ya nadir. 
Stupendously, ad. ajib taur se, 

bairat-angezi se, nd-dirana. 
Stupendousness, n. , hairat-angezi, 

bairat-afzdi. 
Stupor, n. be-hosbi, be-hawassi, be- 

kbabri. 
Stuprate, v. ba-zor bikr toyna, cliira 

pbdrnd. 
Sturdy, a. zor-dwar, tan-dwar ya 

farbib, mazbiit, sakht. 
Sturdily, ad, zor-dwari yd sakhti se, 

tan-awari yd mazbdti se, sar- 

kaslii se. 
Sturdiness, n. zor-dwari, sakliti, 

mazbiiti. 
Stut, Stutter, v, hakldnd, tutlaua, 

larbardnd. 

• ■ 

Stutter, Stutterer, n, totla, liakld. 
Style, n. ibarat, istildb, insbd, tah- 

rir, rangne yd taswir kbainclme 

ka taur. 
Style, V. laqab d., kbitab d., ndm- 

zad k. 
Styptic, Styptical, a. qdbiz, inqibdz, 

k. w., sametne w. 
Stypticity, n, qabziyat, sikuraw, 

samet, 'ufiisat. 
Suasion, n, tassalli-dihi, dil-jam'i, 

kbdtir-jam'i, dildsd. 
Suasire, a. targibi, muassir, mnwas- 

sir. 
Suasory, a, mandno w., targib dib, 

dil-kasb. 
Suavity, v, sbirini, muldyamat, latd- 

fat yd kbiibi. 
Subacid, a. kisi qadr tursh kucbh 

kucbb kliattd, turslii, mdil. 
Subact, V, gbatdnd, kam k. 
Subaltern, a. kibtar zer-i-dast, 

mabkiim, tdbi', cbbotd. 
Sub alternate, a. tabi, mabkiim, zer 

hukm, mutawdtir. 
Sub celestial, a. dsmdn ke tale ka, 

zcr-i-falak, zer-i-dsmdn, 
Subcbanter, n, cbbotd gawaiya, blia- 

jan gdne-wdle kd naib. 
Subcommittee, n, cbboti panclidyat, 

jauui'at-i-kburd. 



M 



SUB 



271 



StJfe 



Subconstellation, n. burj-i-khmd, 

chliota sitara. 
Subcontracted, a. sabiq-alid-o-pa 

man ya ijare ke bad sliart kiya- 

gaya ya qaul-qarar kiya-gaya. 
^ubcoutrary, a. kisi qadr bar-khilaf, 

bar-aks muqabil ya muklitalif. 
Sabdiversify, v. tafriq-i-sanik., giin- 

a-giin k. 
Subdivide, v. taqsim-i-sani k., hisse 

ka bissa k. 
Subdivision, n. taqsim-i-sani, bare 

hisse ka hissa. 
Subdolous, a. riya-kar, robab-baz, 

makkar. 
Subduce, Subduct, v. bahar k., leja- 
• na, kbinch-lena, minha k. 
Subdue, r. magliib k., jitna, harana, 

torn^, dabana, zabt k., tabi' k. 
Subinduce, v, ishara k., ramz k., Mia 

tan-dene ko kalma. 
Subjacent, a. nicha, zer, faro. 
Subject, V, mutf k., gulam k., maj- 

biir k., balqa-bagosh k. 
Subject, a, magliib, tabi'dar, muta- 

liammal. 
Subject, n, raiyat, parja, farman- 

bardar, muti', mazmiin, madda, 

muqaddama, fail. 
Subjection, ?i. taskhir, dabdo, inqi- 

yad, tabi'dari. 
Subjective, a. mazmuni, mansha ke 

muta'alliq. 
Subjoin, V, tankna, piclilie jorna, 

pichlie liklma. 
Subjugate, v. bas ya qubii men lana, 

magliib k., jitna, halqa-ba-gosh k. 
Subjugation, 9i, qabii ya maglub 

sazi, halqa bagoslii, taskhir, fath. 
Subjunctive, a. pichhe jora hua, 

muzuf, shartiya. 
Sublation, n, lei en a, harna. 
Sublimate, v. sarfaraz k., bulandk., 

khalis k. 
Sublimation, n, taraqqi, irtifa'a. 
Sublime, a. bnland, rafi', aali, 'umda. 
Sublime, n, 'ali-mazmiini, 'umda 

'ibarat, buland parwazi, balarawi. 
Sublime, v, buland k., 'umda k., 

lincha k. 
Sublimely a. bataur-i-'dli, buland- 

parwdzi se, shan se. 



Sublimity, n. 'ulwiyat, bulandi. In- 
land parwazi, 'ali-maznnini. 
Submarine, a. zer-i-babr, samundar 

ke pani ke tale ka. 
Submerge, v, garq k., gota-zani k., 

sail-ab ya pur-ub k. 
Submersion, n, gota zani, dubkij 

igraq. 
Submis^ Submissive, a.halqabagosh, 

tabi'dai', 'ajiz, khaksar, farman- 

bardar. 
Submission, n, 'uzr-khwahi, aajizi, 

dabao, itdat, farman-bardiiri, raza- 

mandi. [itaat se. 

Submissively, a. garibi sc, aajizi se. 
Submit, V. sipurd k., hawala k., Icju- 

na, rakhna, den a, qail h., dabna, 

hatli-jorna, sir age dharna, taslim 

k., qabiil k. 
Submonisli, v. gosh-guzari k., ishara 

k., ishare se kalma, jatana. 
Subordinacy, Subordinancy, n, zer-i- 

hukmi, inqiyad, silsilabandi, mah- 

kiimiyat. 
Subordinate, a, chhota, zer-i-laikm^ 

munqiid, zer-i-dast. 
Subordinate, n. zer-i-hukm shaklis, 

adna shakhs, chhota shakhs. 
Subordination, n. zer-huknii, khur, 

di, pasti, faro-tani, tabi'-dari- 

ita'at. 
Suborn, v. jliuthi gawahi diUna, ya 

qasam khilane men razik., poshi- 

dagi se paida k. 
Subpcena, ?i. talab-chhitthi, safina, 

talab-nama. 
Subscribe, v, dastkhatt k., sahih k., 

nam likhna, qubiil k., manziir k., 

taslim k. 
Subscriber, w. sahib-i-dastkhatt, tas- 
lim k. w., tasdiq k. w. 
Subscription, n, dastkhatt, ism-na* 

wisi, chanda. 
Subsequent, a. pichhla, dkhir, pas 

ran, ay an da, muakh-khir. 
Subsequently, ad. pichhe, bad. 
Subserve, v, madad k., hukm-bar- 

dari k., madad-gar h. 
Subservient, a. mumidd, madadgar, 

mu'awin. 
Subside, v, jamna, baithna, thiranfi, 

niche-jana, ghatna* 



SUB 



272 



sue 



Sal)Si<Ience, SubsiJency, n. ihiriii^ | 

baithao, tahiiishiiii, niche ki tarat* i 

mail. 
Subsidiary, a, muniidd, madadgi'ir. 
{Subsidy, n, rupye ki madadgari, 'ia- 

nat, nalbaiuli. 
Subsign, V, nicbe dastkhatt k., niclie 

iKiiu likhna. ! 

Subsist, t'. liona, rabnti, i')«id'tr h.. ' 

sabit h., baniarar h., jina, guzrau 

k., din-katua. 
Subsistence, n, hasti, wajiid, paidiiri, 

baiqarari. 
Subsistcnt, a, maujud, zati ya asli. 
Substance, n, hasti, asl, jauhar, chiz, 

shai, jins, dauUxt, rizq. 
Substantial, a. asli, jauhari, zati, 

maujud, mazbiit, pukhta, daulat- 

mand. 
Substantialize, v. haqiqi k., sabit k. 
Substantially, ad, aslan, zatan, wu- 

jiUlan, haqiqatan. 
Substantiate, v. paida k., maujud k., 

wujiid d., hast k. 
Substantive, n. ism, num. 
Substantive, a. wiijud-numa, haqiqi, 

pukhta. 
Substitute, v, *iwaz, r., badli d., 

qaim-maqam k. 
Substitute, 71. qaim maqum, 'iwazi, 

badli, badla. 
Substitution, n. badlai, adal-badal, 

'iwaz, mu'awaza. 
Substratum, n. niche ki tah ya 

tabaq, tala. 
Subterfuge, ?i. 'uzr, chlial, tal-matol, 

hila, tadbir, hila-bazi, bikmat. 
Subterrane, n, zamin ke tale ka 

ghar ya kothri, tjxh-khana. 
Subterranean, Subterraneous, o, zer- 

i-zamin, zer-i-khiik, taht-ul-arz. 
Subtile, a. tunuk, barik, daqiq, tez, 

sakht, chalak, fitrati, makkar 

farebi. 
Subtil ely, ad, chhal se, fann-o-fareb 

se, harrafi se. 
Subtileness, n. riqqat, bdriki, patla- 

pan, hirfat, ro^ah-bazi, hikmat. 
Subtilty, n. bariki, patlai, miishiga- 

fi, fann-o-farcb, makr. 
Subtle, a. chatur, harraf, farebi; 

daqiq. 



Subtract, v. liissa lend, waza k., 

minhu k., tafriq k. 
Subtraction, n. waza, minhai, gliatdi, 

tsifriq. 
Suburbs, n, daman-i-shahr, hawdli-i- 

shahr, bahri liissa, gird-nwah. 
Subvention, n, niche jana, Sahara, 

pushti, dast-giri, madad. 
Subversion, n. inqilab, bar-badi, pae- 

mali, tababi. 
Subversive, a. munhadim, zer-zabr- 

saz, painial-sjiz, ulMii. 
Subvert, v. radd k., tah-o-balak., 

zer-zabar k., barbad k., wiran k. 
Succedaneous,a qaim-maqani, 'iwazi. 
Succedaneum, n, badla, santi, 'iwaz. 
Succeed, v. pichhe ya paiham ana 

ya h., ya jana, peshraft h., muta- 

watir h., <^im-maqam h., kdm-yab 

h., ban-parna. 
Success, n, barakat, 'uhda-barai, 

kam-yabi, bahra-raandi. 
Successful, a. bedar-bakht, pesh-raft, 

kam-yab, bahra-war. 
SuccesssfuUy, ad, barakat se, k4ni- 

yabi se, bakht-yari se. 
Succession, 72. tasalsul, jae-niHhini, 

qaim-maqami, tawatur, haqq-i- 

mirasi. 
Successive, a, mutawatir, paiham, 

mu sal sal, laga-tar. 
Successively, ad. tawatur, ek par ek, 

pai-hara, pai-dar-pai. 
Successor, n. jae-nishin, qaim-ma- 
qam, khalifa, pairo. 
Succinct, a, kotah, mukhtasar, khu- 

hisa, tang, mujmal. 
Succinctly, ad, niukhtasaran, there 

men, qissa-kotah. 
Succory, n. kasni. 
Succour, V, madad k., taklif aur 

'ajizi ke waqt madad-gari k. 
Succour, n, i'anat, madad, sahara. 
Succulent, a, ras-dar, ras-bhara, sha- 

dab. 
Succumb, V. muti' h., tabi' h., dab- 

na, be-himmat h. [thari. 

Succussion, n, jumbish, hilaw, thar- 
Sucli, a. aisa, jaisa, waisa, istarah, 

ustarah. 
Suck, V, chiisna, jazab k., sokh lena, 

diid pind, khinch-lena, 



Si 



b 



SUI 



273 



SUM 



"Sucber, n. cluisne w., khincliwaiya, 

sokhne w., nali. 
8uckle, V. diidh pilana, dudli d, 
-Suction, n. chusaw, kliincLaw. 
Sudatory, n. garam-makan, pasina- 

awar haimnam. 
Sudden, a, niigahani, be-kbabar, 



Suit, V. posbak pabni!ri4, tbik k., 

muwafiq k., pbabna, mihiu, zeb-o- 

zinat d. 
Suitable, a. sazawar, jog, muwafiq, 

laiq. 
Suitably, ad, ba-mujib, muwafiq, 

tbik-tbik. 



tund-kbo, eka-ek. [bba. , Suite, n, silsila; hamralii, sang, pae- 

Sudden, n. waqa-i nagaban, acham- [ rikab, sawari. 

Suddenly, arf. nagaban, be khabari ; Suitor, n, dadkbwuh, arziimand, ta- 

se, sbitabi se, eka-eki. lib, 'asbiq. 

Sue, V, adalat men kbincbna, mu- Sulky, a. na-kbusb, lidas, kasbida, 

qaddama k., nalish k., darkbwast ) mukaddar. 

k., iltimas k. j Sullen, a. mukaddar lidas, barb am. 



Suffer, n, tabammul k., sabr k., sab- 
na, utliana, lend, bardasbt k. 



nakbusb, magry, tunuk-mizaj, 
ziddi, sar-kasb. 



Sufferance, «. parwanagi,ijazat, bar- Sullenly, ad. barbami-se, kasbidagi 



dasbt, tabammul, sabr. 
Sufferer, n, mutabanimil, sabwaiya, 

mazlum, ija^at d. w. 
Suffering, n. dudk, dard, aziyat, tak- 

lif, ranj. 



se, tariki-se, 

Sullenness, n. barbami, licbat, kasbi- 
dagi, nakbusbi, udasi, tariki. 

Sully, V, maibi k., diig-dalna, 'ab- 
lagana, galiz k., malin k. 



Suffice, V, kafi li., kifayatk., bas b., Sulpbur, n, gogird, gandbak. 



razi ya ser k. 
Sufficiency, n. kifayat, wafa, iktifa, 

wajh-i-guzran, asiidagi, qabiliyat. 
Sufficient, a. wafir, babut, ki^fi, laiq. 

qabil. [yatnn. 



Sulpbnreous, Sulpburous, a. gan- 
dbaki, gandbaksa, gogird-numa. 

Sultan, n, mabanija, sultan. 

Sultry, a. kbumas, garm axir be- 
hawa. 



Sufficiently, ad, jaisa cbabiye, kifa- I Sum, n. jama ya maya, mablag, t«i- 
Suffocate, v. sans roknt'i, gala dabake ! mami; bamagi; kbulasa, natija. 



mai'na, damrokna, gala-gbontna. 
Suffocation, n. babs-ul-nafs, dam- 

bastagi. 
Suffrage, n, qaul, rae, riza, iqbal. 



Sum, V, jorna, jama k., tbik k., muj- 

mal k. 
Summarily, ad, mukbtasaran, muj- 

malan, tbori bat men. 



Suffragant, a, mumidd, madad-gar, Summary, a. mujmal, mukbtasar, 

' kbulasa. 



mu'awm. 



Suffuse, V, cbb^nii, bbarna, pbaildna. Summer, n, garmi, mausam-i-garmtl. 



Suffusion, n. cbbao, pbailaw. 
Sugar, w. shakkar, kbatid, cbini, 

bdr. 
Sugar, V, cbini so pagud, mitba k. 
Sugar-candy, n, misri, qand. 
Sugar-cane, n. likh, ganna, paunra. 



Summer, v. muusam-i-garma katna, 

garmibbar rakbna. 
Summer-bouse, n, barabdari, bangla, 

makan jo pbulwari men bana 

rabta bai. 
Summerset, n. qalabazi. 



Suggest, V. isbara k., isbare, se Summit, n, pbungi, qulla, sar, cboti. 



kabna, salab d., babkana, jatana. 
Suggestion, n, isbara, gosh-guzari, 

kill ay a, izbdr, sal fib. 
Suicide, n, kbudkusbi, qatl-i-nafs, 

kbud-kusb. 
Suit, n. guzarisb, jora, basbmat. 



Summon, v. talab k.. pakar manga- 
na, bulwa bhejna, utbana, muta- 
harrik k. 

Summons, n. talabi-nama, saman, 
dastak, bulawa. 



Sumption, n, lena, akbz, girift. 
ardali, iltimas, darkbwast, sawari, j Sumptuous, a. 'umda, jbakajbak; 
byah ke Hyo isbq-bazi. | besb-qimat, 

li 



BUP 



274 



SUP 



Sumptuously, ad. 'umdagi se, jali- 
o-jalal 80, tiimtaraqi se, siiau-o- 
shaukat se. 

fiumptuousncss, w. bIi all -kli arch i, 
'umila^i, bosh-qimati, mahnngi. 

Sun, ti. siiraj, aftab, shams, khur- 
shcd. [aftab. 

Sunbeam, w. kiran, partau, sliu'{'-i- 

Sunburnt, a. dhiip kd jala, sokhta. 

Sunday, n. itwar, rabi-bar, yak- 
sham ba. 

Sunder, v, do-para k., alahida k., 
judii k., alag k. 

Sundial, n, dhip-ghari, saya-ghari. 

Sundry, a. do-tin, do-char, chand, 
kaiek, haze. 

Sunflower, w. siiraj mukhi. 

Sunny, n. dliiipka, aftabi, ghami. 

Sunrise, a, siiraj -uday, tulii-i' -aftab. 

Sunset, «. guriib-i-aftab, siiraj-ast, 
sham, magrib. 






Superexcellent, a. nihdyat khiib, af-"*^" 

zal, faiq, bahut-nafis. 
Superficial, a. bahiri, berdni, aUr 

siirat-numa; kham, behiida; 8«- 

buk-8ar, be-aql, bahori-taraf. 
Superficies, n. zahiri-siirat. 
Superfine, a, bahut barik y4 mibfn; 

sabse achchha, khusb tari&,nihl- 

yat *umda. 
Suj)erfluous, a, zaid, faziil, kasir, 

ihtiyuj se ziydda. 
Superintend, r. nigah bdni k., sar- 

dari k., uper se dekhnd. 
Sporintendbnce, .n. nigahbani, sar- 

barahi, sardtin. 
Su])erin tendon t, n. nigah bdn, sarba- 

rahkar, nazir, karfarma sarkob. 
Superior, a. bara, bartar, aulatar, 

bihtar; gdlib, faiq. 
Superiority, n. barai, bartari, bu- 

zurgi, sabqat. 



Sunshine, n. dhiip, gham, shu'a', Superlative, a. afzal, sab-se bari— 



garmi. 



(de§ree), siga-i-mubaliga. 



Sup, V. rat ka khdna khiind, chiisna, , Supernatural, a. fauq-ul-'adat, fanq- 



surukna, byalii k. 
Superable, a. magliibi ke qdbil, jit- 

nejog. 
Superabound, v, bahut h., kasrat se 

h., ziyada h. 
Superabundance, n. bahutat, kasrat, 

ihtiyiij se ziyada ti. 
Superabundant, a. bahut, ihtiyaj se 

ziyada, kasrat se. 
Superadd, v. ziyada k., faziil jor-d., 

ziyada par ziyada k. 
Supernddition, n. ziyddati, afziini, 

barhti. 
Superannuate, v. hurhipe sal ^hur- 

dagi yd piri se naldiq h. 
Superb, a. 'azim, kabir, 'umda, 'ali- 

shan, raunaq-dar, numdishi. 
Superbly, ad, b^-'azmat, jdh-o-jaldl 

se, 'umdagi se, thdth se. 
Supercilious, a. mutakabbir, khud- 

bin, kashida-rii, magriir. 
Supereminence, n. fauqiyat, bartari, 

nihdyat buzurgi, ndmwari. 
Superominent, n. aulatar, fdiqtar,^ 

buzurgtar, *dli. 
Supererogate, v. farz se ziydda k., 

faziili k., jitna chahiye us se ziyd- 
da k. 



ul-insaniyat. 
Superscription, n. sar-ndma, 

navisi. 
Supersede, v. bartarafk., bdtil k,, 

uthd d. 
Superstition, «. din-i-butil, imdn-i- 

bdtil, waswi.s. 
Super-vene, v. aparnd, ujdna> tut- 

parna. 
Supine, a. sust, kahil, gj'ifil. 
Supper, «. rdt-kd khdna, byaW. 
Supplant, V, karsazi ya hikmat se 

bar-taraf k., pdnw uthd kar gird i. 
Supple, a. narm, lachkila, mulaim; 

muti', farmdn-barddr. 
Supplement, w. tatimma, zamima. 
Suppliant^ n. drzumand, niydzmand^ 

multamis, multaji. 
Supplicate, v. iltimas k., niydz k., 

istid'd k., pdon parnd, minnat k. 
Supplication, n, niydz, iltimds, isti- 

d'd, minnat. 
Supply, V. dena, bakhshna, ma'mur 

k., murattab k., pahunchdnd,. 

Hiadad k. 
Support, V. bardasht k., sahnd, unha- 
nd, parwarish k., sanbhdlna, t«k» 

na^ Sahara d., thamnd.. 



SUR 



275 



SWA 



^6upport, n, tek, takiya, pusliti, taq- 

wiyat, parwarish, qiit, rozi, kha- 

bar-giri. 
Supportable, a. bar dash tani, sahfiii, 

tahammul-paz ir. 
Suppose, V, qiyas k., kbiydl k., 

bujhna, samajhna, tasawwur k. 
Buppose, n. bila subiit ka dawa, 

qiyas, khiyal. 
- Supposition, n, qiyas, kbiydl, fikr, 

andaza. 
Suppress, v. dabana, raagliib k., pa- 

chharnd, girana, chbipana, makhfi 

k., mansiikh k. 
. Suppurate, v, pakana, pibiyana, pib 

nikalnu, pakna. 
Suppute, V. ginnd, ginti k., sbumar k. 
£. Supremacy, a. auliyat, sarwari, sar- 

dari, riyasat, fauqiyat 
Supreme, a. bara, a'la, sadr, mut- 

laq, aula', nihdyat 'umda. 
^urd, a, bahird, na-shunida, asamm. 
Sure, a. sach, wdqi'i, yaqin, sabit, 

muqar- rar; musallam; mu'taqid, 

mazbiit. [albatta. 

Sure, Surely, ad, yaqin an, be-shakk. 
Surety, n, ztimini, kafalat; zamin, 

kafil; salamati. 
Surface, ». lipar, rii, wajb, satha, 

bisat. 
Surfeit, n. aphrai, seri, ajiran. 
Surfeit, v. hadd se ziydda kbana yd 

ser k., aghanu. 
Surge, w. hilkora, mauj, bari lahar. 
Surge, V, phiilna. uncha uthna. 
Surgeon, n, jarrah, hajjam, fassad. 
Surgery, w. jarrahi, jarrab-kbana. 
Surly, a. durusbt, talkb, tursh; be- 

murawwat, bad-kbulq, na-khush. 
Surmise, w. khiydl, wabm, gum an, 

sbubbba, shakk. 
Surmount, v, lipar charhnd, galib 

b., par b., ball k., sabqat-lejand. 
Surname, n, laqab, ]^hitab-i-kb4n- 

dan, takballus. 
Surpass, v, liparjana, barb-chalnd, 

sabqat lejana, peshqadam b., ga- 
lib h. 
Surplus, n. bacbti, barbti, besbi, 

fazil;baqiya. 
Surprise, w. taajjub, bairat, 4sLuf- 

tagi; eka-eki lend. 



Sui-prise, v. muta'aj jib k., bairan k., 

bekhabar lena,^, pareslian ya muz- 

tarib k. 
Surprising, a, 'ajib, badi, hairat- 

angez, nadir. 
Surrender, v, saunpna, tafwiz k., tas- 

lim k., hawala k., zimma k., muti' 

h. 
Surreption, w. nagabdn takbt yiirisb 

ya liamla. 
Surround, v, gherna, gird k., muba- 

sara k. 
Surtout, n. barani-kurti. 
Survey, v, dekbna, nigdli k , nazar 

k.; jaribkasbi k., masabat k., nap- 

na, paimaisb k. 
Survey, purveying, v, nazar, im- 

tihan, paimaisb-i-zamin, masabat. 
Survive, v. jita rabna, jibaclma, 

bdqi r., jina. 
Surviver, Survivor, w. jo jita rabe, 

pas-zinda, pasmanda. 
Susceptible, a. qabul kame ke Idiq 

narm dil, mulaim. 
Suspect, V, sbubba r., guman k., 

bad-gum an r., taqsir-war-janna. 
Suspend, v, tangna, jbulana, latkana, 

muallaq r.; multawi r., mauqiif 

r., muattal k., maziil k.> rokna. 
Suspense, n. taraddud, bais-bais, 

pasb-o-pesb, sbubba, tawaqquf. 
Suspension, w. latkao; tawaqquf, 

rukaw, mu'attali, ma'zilli. 
Suspicion, n. sbubba, sliakk, gumdn, 

wabm, bad-gum ani, tub mat. 
Suspicious, a. sbakki, wabmi, bad- 

gumdn; guman -awar, tubmati. 
Sustain, v. barddsbt k., salma; sam- 

bbalna, takiya k., parwarisb k., 

bar-pa k. 
Sustenance, n, parwarisb, kbiirak, 

giza, rozi; rozgdr. 
Sutler, n. bbathiyara, banjdra, lasb- 

kari baniya yd modi. 
Swage, V, takbfif k,, kam k., narm 

k., muldim k. 
Swagger, v. sbaikbi k., lafzani k., 

kallamdrnd, clhiim dham se cbalnd. 
Swallow, n, abdbil; balaq, gald. 
Swallow, V, nigalnd lilna, gbtint 

bbarnd, qabiil k., isti'mdl men 

land, barbdd k. 



SWI 



276 



SYN 



Swamp, n. dal-clal, dhasdw, chor- 

zainiii. 
Swan, n, raj-lians. 
Swap, v. mama, girna, erd-pheri k. 
Swarm, n. jhund, dher, izdiham. 
Swarm, v, bhir bbar k,, jama k., 

bhar-jana. [rang. 

Swarthy, v, sanwla, kald, gandum- 
Swatbe, v. patti ya peti se bandbnd. 
Sway, n. hukiimat, mukhtiiii; ba- 

tbiyaki jumbisb, tarazii kajbukna. 
Sway, V. bukiimat k.; mail k., cba- 

lana, pberna, jhukna. 
Swear, v. qasam khand ya dilana. 

sangand kbana. 
Sweat, h, pasina, araq; mibnat. 
Sweat. V, pasijna, pasina nikalnd, 

mibnat k. 
Sweep, r. jbarna, jbarii dena, buhar- 

na; utba-lejana, diir k. 
Sweeper, n. cbiibrd, mibtar, kbdk- 

rob, bubarne w. 
Sweet, a. mitba, sbirin; laziz, kbush; 

narm, mulaim; kbiib siirat, salim. 
Sweeten, v. mitba k., sbirin k., laziz 

k., lialim k., mulaim k. 
Sweet-beart, n. pi/ari, dil-fareb, 

'asbiq ya masbiiqa, sbabid, joni. 
Sweetish, a. mitba-sa, kisi qadr 

sbirin, 
Sw<3etmeat, n. mithai, halwa, murab- 

ba, lauziyat. 
Sweetness, n, mithas, mithai, shiri- 

ni; miilaimat, narmi. 
Swell, V. pbiilna, siijna, waram k., 

utbnd, barhna, ziyada h. 
Swell, n, phuUo; mauj, lahar, 

nafkh, ziyadati. 
Swelling, n. phulao, siijan, waram, 

giimra, gilti. 
Swelt, V, torna, daband, gdlib h. 
Swerve, v. pbirna, kiicb k., rawana 

h., jbiikna, ghiimnd. 
Swift, a. jald, tez, tund, tez-qadam, 

chalak. 
Swiftness, n, jaldi, tezi, tez-rawi, 

tundi, shitabi. 
Swig, V. bare ghiiton se pina, ghat- 
ghat pijana. 
Swim, V. pairna, tairna, shinawari 

k.; bahna, gbiimna, diibna, tair- 

kar par utarna. 



Swimming, n. pairaw; pairdki, tiraw. ■ ^ 
Swindle, v, fareb dena, fareb-se- 

Icna, dab-lena, chhal-lend, thag- * ^ 

Una. 
Swine, n, siiar ka bachcha, khtik, ■ ^ 

khinzir. • 

Swing, V. jhtilna, pharkdna, jhtimna; 

jliuland, duldnd, hildnd, phema. 
Swing, n. jbula, hindola^ ikhtiyir 

yd be-qaidi. 
Swinge, v, chdbuk murna, sazd deni 
Swoon, w, murchhd, gash; beboslii. 
Swoon, V. murchhd and, gash aoS) 

behosh hojdnd. 
Swoop, V. jhapat-lend yd marna, 

urte-urte jhapat-kar pakarnd. 
Sword, n, talwdr, shamsher, saif, 

tog; jang se wirdni yd tabahi, 

intiqdni, badld. 
Sybaritic, a. 'aiydsh yd nafs parast^ 

be-qaid yd be-zabt. 
Sycophant, n, khushamadi, khdya- 

barddr, chapltis, tufaili. 
Syllable, w. hijje, ek lafz kd utna 

juz jitnd ek bar men bold jdy. 
Syllogism, n. qaziya, qiyas, dalil. 
Sylvan, a. jangali, dashti, wahshi, 

ganwdr. 
Symbol, w. nishan, aldmat, ehi'dr. 
Symbolical, a. alamati, surat-numa^ . 

dall. 
Symbolize, r. mushdbahat rakhn^ 

mushdbih h. 
Sympathy, n. ham-dardi, hamtabai, 

riqqat, shafaqat, dil-sozi. 
Symphony, n. ham-dhangi, ham- 

Symptom, n. nishan, aldmat, asar. 
Synagogue, n. Yahiidiyon kd 'ibd- 

dat-kbdna. 
Syncope, n. lafz ki tarkhim yd hafz- 

i-darmiydn ; behoshi, gash. 
Syndrome, w. ittifdq, ittihdd^ mu- 

wdfaqat, mel. 
Synod, n. jamiat-i-*ulmd, majlis-i 

din. 
Synonyme, n, lafz-i-ham-mani, lafz- 

i-yak mani. 
Synonymous, a. ham-mani, yak-ma- 

ni, mutarddif. 
Synopsis, w. mukhtasar, mujmal, 

khuldsat 



TAB 



277 



TAK 



Syntax, n. nalio, nahw, tarkib-i- 

fiqra. 
Sjnteresis, n, pashemani, taassuf, 

nadamat. [kala. 

Syringe, n, piclikari, huqna, dam- 
System, n. qaniin, qaida, rasm, ni- 

zam, band-o-bast. 
Systematic, Systematical, a. mnn- 

tazam, qa'ida-muwafiq, dastiir ke 

mutabiq, qdniini, ba-qa*ida. 
Systematically, a, ba-qa'ida, budas- 

tiir, hasb-i-dastiir. 
Systematize, v, ba-qa*ida k., qaniin 

ya dastiir ke mutabiq k., murat- 

tab k. 
Systematist, Systematizer, w. mu- 

rattib, ba-qa'ida k. w., bd-dastiir 

k. w., qaniin rasm ya ain ke mu- 

wafiq k. w. 
System-monger, n, dastur-dost, naq- 

sha ya rasm banane ka shaiq. 
Systole, n. dil ya qalb ka sikurnd, 

lambe liijje ka ikhtisar yd tar- 

!kbim. 

T. 

[hariif. 
T. Angrezi hariif tahajji ka biswan 
Tabernacle, n. khaima, khima, 

cliand roza-liaweli ya makan, 'ibd- 

dat gah. 
Tf^bernacular, a. mushabbak, jhan- 

jliri-dar. 
Tabid, a. bimari se gala-hud. 
Tabefy, v. galna, ghulna ya dubla h. 
Table, w. sath, mez ka takhta, ziya- 

fat, lauh, takhti, taswir, fihrist, 

naqsha. 
Tablebook, w. patti, lauh, takhti. 
Tablecloth, n. dastar-khwan, mez 

per ki chddar. 
Tables, n. chaupar, chausar, takhta- 

i-nard. 
Tablet, n. sath, lauh, takhta, ya 

takhti, dawa ya mithai ki chakti. 
Tabletalk, n. dastar-khwdn par ki 

guft-gii. [roknd. 

Taboo, v. mana k., baz rakhnd, 
Tabour, n. tambiir, tabla, dholak, 

mirdang. 
labourer, n. tambiir-chi, mirdangi, 

dholakiya* 



Tabouret, Tabret, n. chliota tam- 

biira, chhota mirdang, chhoti dho- 
lak, chhota tabla. 
Tabular, a. takhta-numa, mez-ki- 

siirat, fihrist uuma, fihristi. 
Tabulate, v. naqsha ya fihrist ki 

siirat ka banana. 
Tabulated, a. musattah. Lam war, 

sapat, barabar. [ba, dag. 

Tache, n. halqa, ankri^ tiikma; dhab- 
Tacit, V. khamosh, sakit, mutazam- 

min, chup-chap. 
Tacitly, ad. ba-sukiit, khamoshi se, 

chupke se. 
Taciturn, a. kam-sukhan, khamosh. 
Tacitui-nity, n. khamoshi, sukiit, 

chuppi. 
Tack, V, tankna, bandhna, jorna, 

ganthna, milana, lagana; jahaz 

pherna; jahdz phirana. 
Tack, n, chhota kanta ya kil, jor; 

pal ka ek rassa ya gosha. 
Tackle, n. jahaz ke rasse wagaira, 

havba ya auzar, saman, saranjam. 
Tackled, a. j ore-hue ya ganthe-hue 

rasson ka bana-hua. 
TackHng, n. mastiil ka saman ya 

asbab, ghore ka saz, auzar. 
Tact, n, ziraki, maharat, hunar, 

lamisa. 
Tactics, n, saflf-arai, fann-i-saflf-arai; 

fann-i-jang. 
Tadpole, n. mendak kd bachcha. 
Taifeta, w. tafta, daryai, ek qism ka 

patla reshmi kapra. 
Tail, n. dum ya zanab, niche ka 

hissa, pichhe ka hissa, piinchh. 
Tailed, a. dum diir, punchh dar. 
Tailor, n, darzi, khaiyat. 
Taint, v. dagi k., ya dag lagana, 

aliida k., bosida k. 
Taintless, a. be-dag ya be-dliidagi, 

pdk ya saf. 
Tainture, n. dag, aliidagi, kharabi, 

najasat ya na-pdki. 
Take, v, lend, qabiil k., dharnd, 

giriftdr k., pakarna, farefta k., 

khush k., jabran lend, basil, k., 

khan a, pasand k.. talab k., kiraya 

k., bardasht k., qiyas k. 
Taking, a. maqbiil, dil-ruba, dil- 

chasp, pasandida. 



TAL 



278 



TAR 



Takingness, n. dil-cliaspi, dil-rubdi, 

dil-bari. 
Talc, n, abraq, talq. 
Tale, n, dastan, naql, qissa, hikiiyat, 

zabani-bayan, kliabar, hisub, ka- 

hani. 
Tale-bearer, n. Bukhan-cbin, gam- 

maz, chagal-khor. 
Tale-bearing, n, sukhan-cliini, gam- 

mazi, chugal-khori. 
Talent, w. qadim zamdnc ka ek 

wazn aur siUka; qabiiiyat, 'aql, 

jaubar, sbu'ur. 
Talented, n. qtibil, *aqil, sbu'iir-dar, 

sabib-i-liyaqat. 
Talion, n. mukdfat ya intiqam ka 

din. 
Talisman, n. tilism, hirz, ta'wiz. 
Talismanic, a. tilismuti. 
Talk, V, guft-gii k., bdtcbit k., gap 

mdrna. 
Talk, n. guft gii, bat cbit, afwab, 

sbuhra. 
Talkative, a. bakwadi, darida-daban, 

bisyur-go, ziyada-go, batiini. 
Talkativeness, n. bisyar-goi, fazul- 

goi, bakwad; beb\ida-goi. 
Talker, n. goyanda, inutakallim, 

guft-g\i k. w. 
Talking, n. guft-gii, qil-o-qal, bat- 

cbit, gap. 
Tall, a. qadd-awar, dardz-qadd, lin- 

ciia, buland, diler, jawdn-mard, 

lamba. 
Tallage, n. kbiraj, mabsiil. 
Tallage, v. mabsiil lagdnd. 
Tallness, w. lambdi, ^ncbdi, dardzi, 

bulandi. 
Tallow, n, cbarbi, pib, sbabm, med. 
Tallow-cbandler, n, cbarbi ki batti 

banane aur becbne w. 
Tallow-faced, a. zard-rii, siikbe 

mnnb ka, kbusbk-rii. 
Tally, ad. dilerana, j awdn-mardi yd 

sbuja'at se. 
Tally V, barabar b., miiwdfiq h., 

mutdbiq b. 
Tally, n. ek lakri jo 'adad zabir kar- 

ne ke liye kbandana-dar boti bai, 

koi sbai jo dusre ke baiabar ki- 

gai bo. [nonb. 

Talon, w. nykliun, changul, cbang, 



T 
T 



Tamarind, n. tamr-i-bindi, imli. 
Tambour, n. cbbota tambdr yd tab- 
Id, dbglki. 
Tambourine, n. kbanjari, daphyi 

daf. 
Tame, a. kbangi, rum, gbarela, pali I n 

liua, zer-dast, magi lib, kam-jurat 
Tameable, a. kbogar bone ke lai^ 

palud bone ke qabil, nns-pazir. 
Tameless, a. wabsbi, jangli. 
Tamely, ad, itd'at yd tabi'-dari se^ 

nu-mardi kamiuagi ya zillat se. 
Tamencss, n, nu-mardi, ita'at^ far- 

man-bardari. 
Tamer, n, bilane w., sidha k. w. 
Tamper, v. dast-andaZ b., kdr sazi 

k., cbbiind, cbbernd. 
Tan, r. baldt ke araq me& dubdna, 

bbiird k. 
Tang, n. ek tez zdiqa. 
Tangent, n, kbatt-i-mamdss. 
Tangible, a. mumkin-ul-mas, mam- 

siis. 
Tank, n. talab, taldo, banz, pokbar. 
Tanner, n. dabbiig, cbamar. 
Tannery, n. cbamrd taiydr kame M 

jagab. 
Tantalize, v. tarsdna, babkdna, jbd- 

tbi ummed dikbluke yd lalcbake 

tasdiya d., lalcbana. 
Tantamount, a. bardbar, ham-^imat^ 

bam-tdqat. 
Tap, n. tbapi, tbdp, tbapki, ek qism 

kd pipa. [na. 

Tap, V. tbaptbapand, pipe ko ebbed- 
Tape, w. kor, patti, niwdr. 
Taper, w. mom ki cbboti batti, diya, 

cbirdg. 
Taper, v. cbbotd k., gdwdum k. 
Tapestary, n, diwdr kd parda jo tas- 

wirdt wg. se munaqqasb-o-rangin 

bo, mnsbajjar-diwdr-giri. 
Tar, n. qitrdn, rdl, qir; malldb, kba- 

Idsi. 
Tardily, ad, snsti se, kdbli se, dliis- 

tagi se, dbime-dbime. 
Tardiness, n. dbistagi, snsti, kdbili, 

deri, dirangi. 
Tardy, v. dbista, majbiil, kdbil, maQ- 

da, dirang. 
Target, w. cbboti dbdl, sipar, phari^ 

girda. 



TAX 



279 



TEM 



TTarifif, n, mahsiil ka nirklinama, 

bhao, nirkh. 
Tarn, n. chhoti jhil, daldaK 
Tarnish, v, aluda k., maila k., bhar- 

dalna. 
Tarry . v, tliaharna, tikna, intizari k., 

deri k. 
Tart. a. tursli, khatta, karwa, talkli, 

tez. 
Tartar, n. dozakli, jabannam, narak. 
Tartarean, Tartareous, a, dozakbi, 

jahannami. 
Tartly, ad, talkh zabani se, turshi 

se, tezi se. 
Tartness, n, tnrsbi, karwai, sakbti, 

talkh i. 
Task, n, wazifa, kdm, chukanta, 

muqarrai'i, shugl, theka, naukari, 

milinat. 
Tassel, n, jhabba, latkan, phundna; 

baz. 
Taste, V. chakhna, maza lend, pa- 

rakhna, swad lena, maliim k., ras 

lena, bliugatna, bardusht k. 
Taste, n, lazzat, maza, zaiqa, chash- 

ni, pasand, malumiyat; ziraki, 

saliqa. 
Tasteless, a, bemaza, belazzat, be- 

sawad, phika, beras. 
Tatter, v. pharna, chirna, tukre- 

tiikre k. 
Tattle, V. barbarana, gapmarna, bak- 

wad k. 
Tattler, w. bakki, gappi, zatalli, bak- 

wadi. 
Taunt, V. ta'na-zani k., cherhana, 

chherna, saklit kahna, malamat 

k., gali d. 
Taunt, n. ta'na, ta'na-zani, mazam- 

mat, malamat. 
Taurus, n. burj-i-saur, saxir. 
Tautology, n takrar, takarrur. 
Tavern, n, sharab-khana, kalwar- 

khana. 
Tawny, a. gandum-rang, pila, bhurd- 

rang. 
Tax, w. mahsdl, habil, khirdj, kha- 

zana; dand. 
Tax, V. niahsul lagana, khirdj bdndh- 

na; ilzdm d. ; dosh d. 
Taxation, n, khirajbaudi, karbandi, 

malisiil bandi. 



Tea, n. chah, chae ka per. 

Teach, v, sikhlana, talim k., tarbi- 

yat k., khabar d., dikhana. 
Teacher, w. muallim, ustad, mudar- 

ris, gurd, miyanji. 
Teacup, n. cbah ka piyala. 
Teak, w. ek darakht aur uski lakri, 

sagiin. 
Team, n. ghore yd bail jo gari men 

ek-hi-sath jute hue hon. 
Tear, n, dnsii, ashk, sirishk, pani 

ki blind. 
Tear, v, phdrna, chak k., chirna, 

masaknd, dhajjiyan k., ghayal k., 

nochna, bakna, gusse h. 
Tearful, a, dnsii-pur, ashk-dliida, 

girydn, pur-ashk. 
Tease, v, suljhdna, tiimnd, dhunna, 

jhdrna; diqq k., satand, tasdiyd d. 
Technical, a. hikmati, 'ilmi, kitdbi, 

istilahi. 
Techy, a. chirchird, khafa, ziidranj, 

bezdr. 
Tedious, a. dhild, kdhil, majhul, da- 

raz, bhuri, bard, tawil, ranj-awar. 
Tediously, ad. susti se, thakdi se, 

kdhili se. 
Teem, v, paidd k., jannd; mamiir h., 

hdmila h. [ddr. 

Teemful, a. hdmila, lab-d-lab, phal- 
Teeth, w. Tooth ki jama, dant. 
Tegument, n, chhilkd, chhal, lihdf, 

poshish. 
Telegraph, n. ishdre se jaldi khabar 

dene ki kal, tdr-i-barqi. 
Telescope, n. diir-bin. 
Tell, V. kahnd, bolnd, bay an k., bat- 

Idnd, jatdna, shumar k., khol d., 

parda-dari k., zahir k. 
Teller, n, kahnewdld, ginne w. 
Tell-tale, n. gappi, chugal khor, 

gammaz. 
Temerarious, a. be-lihdz, be-tadbir, 

be -khabar. 
Temerity, n. betadbiri, belihazi, 

tahawwur, jaldi. 
Temper, n. sirisht, i'tiddl, mizdj, 

tabi'at, khaslat, khafagi, gussa. 
Temper, v. surat d., muatadil kr, 

muwdfiq k., muldim k., niildnd. 
Temperament, n. .mizfij, sarasht, 

hdlat, tabiat, tinat. 



TEN 



280 



TER 



Temperance, n. iHidal, parliez, pav- 

hcz-giiri. 
Temperate, a. mu'tadil, sljilyasta, 

parhezi. 
Temperately, ad. i'tidali se, parliez- 

gari se. 
Trmpcratiire, n. i'tidiil, lialat-i-sardi- 

o-garnii. 
Tempered, a. tiio se sakht ya narm 

kiya liua, tabi'at-d.ir. 
Tempest, n, uudlii, t^'ifan, haiiGTilma. 
Tempest 11 oiirJ, a. jindhiydbii, tiiftlni, 

tez-o-tund. 
Templar, n. shara'-amoz, jan-amoz. 
Temple, n. *ibudat-jj:;ili, niabiid, bait- 

iil-bili; kanpati; girja. 
Temporal, «. clunyawi, sansari, fiini, 

jalian se mansiib. 
Temporality, n, duuyawi-daulat, 

daulat-i-diinya. 
Temporary, a. 'iirizi, cbandroza, 

fasli, maiisimi, fVini. 
Temporize, tain a, talmalol k., ajkal 

k., zamana-sazi k. 
Tempt, V, targib d., wargalunnn, lal- 

chiina, lubbana, phiislana, cblier- 

na, imtiban 1., azmdisb k. 
Tern tat ion, n. targib, igwii, tama. 

liilacb, imtihiln. 
Tempter, n. targib d. w., pbusb.ne 

w., babkane w., mubrik. 
Ten, n. das. dab. 
Tenable, a. tabrau, tikurii, mustab- 

kam, iistuwar, sabit. 
Tenacious, a. sakbtgir; cliip-cbipa, 

laslasa. 
Tenacity, n. laslasuliat, cbipchipa- 

bat, sakbtgiri. 
Tenancy, n. ijara-d»ri. kir;1ya-dMri. 
Tenant, ??. ra'iyat, kiiaya-dar, asami, 

ijara-dar, patte-dar. 
Tenantable. a, kiniya ke qabil, ija- 

ra-karne ke qabil. 
Tend, r. miitawajjib* li., mail b., 

rakbna. kbabar lena, nigabbani 

k., dbyan d. 
Tendency, n. mail, jbnl<uo, murad, 

mnqsad, matlab, dbalaw. 
Tender, a. naram, nmlaim; purdard, 

sbafiq; naziik, sngir. 
Tender, v, ta\\ulzu' k., nazar k., 

bbent d., age rakbna. 



Tender, w. ok qism ki cLhoti rm 
jo bari ke siith rabti hai, nazar,| 
gnziirisb, tawazu'. 
Tt-ndor-liearted, a. narm-dil, mom- 

dil, rabm-dil. 
Ttndorly, ad. mulaimat se, dard-| 
mamli se, rahmdili se. 
I Tcmlerness, n, uarmi, nazuki, mn- 
I laimat. 
I Tendon, n. nas, pai, pattha. 

Tendril, 7i, siit, resha, darhi, lata, 
; bt'l. 

I 

I Tenebiions, Tenebrous, a, andherii, 
j tira, tarik. 

I Tenot, n. njasla, ain, qaul, i'tiqad. 
I Tennis. 77. bazi-i-goe, cbaugaii. 
' Tenon, n. cliiil, cbiir. 
I Tenor, Tenonr, n, tariq, chal, rawisli, 
! dliab, niatlab, garaz. 
i T(.'ns(\ a. tanabua, kasbida, cbaiha- 
; biia, kasti. 

; Tense, n. siglia, zamana-i-fal. 
/ Tcns(Mies8, n. kasao, kbinciiao, ka- 
I ■ sbi(iagf. 
Tension, n. tanuliat, kasbidagi, ka- 

siio, pbaihiw. 
Tensive, a. kasne w., khinch-ke 
I tiinne w. 
Tent, n. kbima, dera, tambi5, falita 

jo zakbm men lagfiya jata bai. 
Tenter, 7i. kanta, kbiinti, ankri, 

mekb. 
Tentb, a. daswan bissa, dabura. 
Tenuity, a. pat la-pan, dubla-pan, 

latafat, bariki. 
Tenuous, a. patla, tunuk, raqiq, 

cbbota. 
Tenure, n. alaqa, qabza, sanad, 

patta, lagao. 
Tepid, n. sbirgarm, gungnna, nim- 

garm 

Terebrate, v. obbedna, salna, bedbna. 
, Tergiversate, v, bila-bawdla k., tal- 
matol k., liila-sazi k. 
Term, n. badd, bat, lafz, taqrir, 

sbart, qaul. 
Termagant, w. jbagralii aurat, za- 

biindaniz. 
Terminable, a. intibd-pazir, tamam 

bone kc laiq, liadd-pazir. 
Terminate, v, pura k., tamam k., 
cbukna, mabdiid k. 



TEX 



281 



THE 



Ltion, n, hadd, akhir, tama- 
ijain, kliatam, harf-i-iikliiri, 

- • 

s, a. be-liadd, la-intilui, na- 
il. 

71. cliabutara, baU-khana, 
, bum. 

) a, kliaki, zamini, dun- 
ial, j yawi. 

, a. muhib, liaulnak, dnh- 
mgez, darawna, [<se. 

, ad. liaibatnaki se, sliiddat- 
a. dalishat-iiuk, baibatzada, 



V. daruiu'i, dab skat d., bhar- 

al, a. mulki, kiskwari, za- 

r, n. zamin, kiskwar, dcs, 
dijar. 
n. dahskat, kaul, dar, bim, 

saf, 'umda, nafis, suudar. 
ed, a. rang ba rang ko 
Diie pattbar ki sangbandi 
sta. 

kasauti, mibakk, imtihaii, 
la, aijur, lizmaisli. 
lit, 71. wasiyat-naina, 'ahd- 
lan, tauret ya injil. 
ntary, a. wasiyati, wasiyat- 
ke inutta*alliq. 
a. wasiyat-kuninda. 
, n, niusi, wasiyat-kuninda. 
a. azuiuda, masbiit, juncba- 

n, khnsiya, pelar, fota. 
V. gawubi dena, dalalat k., 
k. 
lial, n, sbakadat-nama, das- 

• 

ny. n. shabadat, gawabi, da- 

sabiit, bayan, iqrar. 

. cbircbira, tunuk-uiizdj, Zlid- 

n. garanwan, pagaba, aguri- 

1, n, cbali.ir z'.wiye ki sba- 

liakl-i-cbaukona. 

. niatan, asal, mul, kitab-i- 

Idas ki ay at. 

, n, binavYat. baft; tarkib. 



Tlian, ad, se, nz, ba-nisbat. 
Thank, v. sbukr k., iliSiui manna, 

sbukr guz..ri k., nian)nuu b. 
Thankt'nl, a. sliukr-guzar, ibsan- 

mand, baqq-shiuiis. 
Thanks, n, sbukr, sbukr-i-namot, 

baqq-sbinasi. 
That, 'pr. wub, us, jo, jis. 
That, con. taki, to, kyiinki. 
Tliatcli, n, gbds, pliiis, khar, piyak 
Thatch, V. cbbaua. ckhapar bandi k. 
TiiatCber, ?i. clihapar-band, cbbanew. 
Thaw, V. pigkalna, galnu, pigbland, 

gahina. 
The, art, al, "wub, yib, wubi. 
Tbee, />r. tujhe, tujb ko. 
Theatre, n, tamasha-gab, naql-kha- 

na, nach-gliar. 
Theft, n, duzdi, chori ki cbiz. 
Tlieir, 'pr, unka, unlogon ka, inbonku, 

apna. [apna. 

Theirs, -pr, nnka, unbon ka, inka, 
Tlieism, n, i'tiqad-i-kkiida, khiida 

parasti. 
Them, pr, unko, unbon ko, inko. 
Theme, n, mansha, masdar, asl, maz- 

niiin. 
Til en, ad. tab, tis-waqt, to, pas, phir. 
Thence, ad, wahan-se, udhar-se, tab- 

se, us waqt se. 
Thenceforth, \ ad, tis pichhe, tab- 
Thenceforward, j se, bad uske, bad 

azan, us-wjiqt se. 
Theocracy, n. hukiimat-i-khuda, anial- 

i-Ilahi. 
Tbeogony, n, dewtaon ki asl-o-nasl 

ka bayan. 
Theology, n, ilm-i-Ilahi, ilm-i-tas- 

awwuf. 
Theorem, n, masla, masdar, sabit 

hone wala dawa. 
Tlieory, n, qiyas, khiyal, 'ilm, man- 

siiba. 
There, ad. wahan, udhar, us-jagah. 
Thereabout, ad. ancjarib, usgird- 

men, takhnii-nan an-qarib. 
Therefore, ad, is-wuste, is-liye, us- 

waste, lilaza. 
Thereon, Tliereupon, ad, tis-par; 

is-par. 
niesis, n, mansha, masdar, masla, 

mazuiun. 



TIIO 



282 



THR 



Tliick, a. mota, gimda, bliuri, galiz, 

gitrliti, gliaiui, kasir, baliut, bara, 

aziui, gadla, niunjamid. 
Thicken, y. gslrliu k., jauii.na, gadla 

k., galiz k., ya b. 
Tbickot, ?i. jangal, ban, jbari. 
Thickness, w. motai, gundagi, gila- 

zat, barai, tan gi, gadlapan, kadii- 

rat. 
Tbief, n. ebor, duzd, iicbakka. 
Thievish, a. duzd-kboo, mail-ba-du- 

zdl, posbida. 
Tbigli, ?i. jangli, ran. 
Thimble, n, angnsbtana, anugU ka 

top. 
Thin, a, patla, patil, raqiq. niiliin, 

baiik, nazuk,. dubla, cjalil, tbora, 

cbbota. 
Thinly, ad, paraganda, dur-diir. 
Thing, 71. cbiz, bast, sbai, kucbb, 

nuijara, bissa. 
Tiiiiik, x\ socbnil, biijbna, qiyjls k., 

kliiyal k., andosba k., fikr k., 

gunian k., gaur k. 
'J'liinncss, n. patlai, bariki, dubldi. 
Third, n, tisni, saiyura, sab's. 
Tliirst, n. piyus, tisbuagi, kamal 

arzii. 
Thirst, V. piyasa b., kamal aizu 

rakbn, tislma b. 
Thirsty, a. piyasa, tisbna, babut 

klmsbk. 
Thirteen, a. terab. soz-dab. 
Thirteentb, a. tcrabwan, sez-dabum. 
Thirty, a. tis, si. 
Tliis, pr yih, yibi, in. 
Thilher, ad, ndliar, waban. 
Thong, n, tasnia, clu'un ki patti. 
Thorax, n. cbliati, peti. 
Tliorn, n. kanta, kbar-dar darkbt. 
Thoroiigb, a. pdra, tamam, kul, ka- 

mil, sara-sar. 
Tliou, w. tu, tii-ap. 
Thougb, con, agarcbi, goki, balanki, 

az-baski, niagar. 
Tbonolit, w. soch, fikr, andesba, 

qiyas, kbiyal, gum'in,rcie. 
Tbouo:litful, «. fikrmand, andesba- 

mand, andeslia-nak, nuitafakkir, 

be-qarar, mnzharib. 
Thou>rbMoss, a. bo-fiku, be-parwab, 



r.= 



J. 



11 



Thousand, a, bazar, alif, das-san. 
Thrall, r. gnlani, banda; giriftari, 

gnlami, 'ubiidiyat. 
Thraldom, n, guluini, asiri, 'ubudi- 

yat. 
Tbrasb, Tbresb, v. gabna, piH 

niarna. ki'itna. 
Thrash ing-tloor, n, khaliydn, khir- 

man-gab. 
Thread, 7i, sut, risbta, rassi, dhagij 

dori; reslia. 
Tliread, v. pirona, lariyana, gtitlini 
Tlireat, v. tabdid, dlianiki, jhirak. 
Tlireaten, v, dbamkuna, dbamkidi 

tabdid k., dantna. 
Tbreatening, n. dbamki, tahdid, 

gbiirki. [cliani 

Tlireo, a. tin, si — (fold,) tignna, si-I^^ 
Tbresbold, n, deorbi, dabliz, astana, J 

darwaza. 
Thrice, ad, tin-bar, tibara, tin-dafa. |j . 
Tlirift, n. kifayat, kam kharcLi, 

taraqqi, slid. 
Thrifty, a, kani-kbarcli, kifayatij'oi- 

ras, bacbaii. 
Thrill, V. tirmiranu; 8ansanand,bedli- 

na, siinikb k. 
Tbrine, v. barbna, pbiilna, tar-o-|^ 

taza h. 
Thrive, v. barbna, phiilna, tar-o-|; 

ti.za b., sar-sabz b., taraqqi k.j 

kamvab b. 
Throat, n, gala, gulu, balq. 
Throb, V. tis marna, tapakna, dlia- 

makna ; dharakna, pbarakua. 
Throne, n, takbt-i-sbdbi, masnad, 

aurang. 
Throne, v. takbt par baithalua, 

raja banana. 
Throng, n. bbir, ambob, izlidiluim, 

bujum. gurob. 
Throng, V. bbir k., Imjiim h., dabana. 
Through, prep, se, -wasilje-se, mari- 

fat-se, sara-sar, warjJar, tamiim. 
Tbroiigbout, ad. sar-ta-pa, sara-sar, 

auwalse-akbir tak, bil-kuU. 
Throw, V pbenkna, jbokna, dalna, 

cbfilana, chborna, ginina pbenk- 

marna, iiccbalna — (aivat/,) pbenk 

d., ganwana — (down,) giia d. — 

(open) kbol d. — (off,) utdrna— 

(up^) cliborna. 



TIG 



283 



TIT 



. baitlialiui, pcliin, thelna, ( Tigliines«, w. kasdi, sakrai, taiigf, 
I, dakliil k. ya h.; dliakel- 
kka d., nikiilna, blionkna, 
nu. 

I. khonclia, zarb, dhakka. 
. angiHhH, angust-i-nar. 
. dbamak, dhappii, dhaul. 

[i-ad. 
n. garaj, bari awaz, karak, 
V. garajna, karakna, gar- 
dliamkiina, tab did k. 
bolt, n, bijli, gaj, cbakki. 
r, n. garaj ne-w., kaiak- 

strufk, a. bijli-ratira, bairat- 
sbiifta, baraq-znda. 
n, dliup-dan, bukbar-dan, 

. n. junia-rat, panj-sbamba, 
atiwiir. 
aisa, yon, yonbi, so, ista- 

V. pitna, marna, tboijkna; 
ana. 

J. miikbalafat k., muzabi- 
tornji. 
I. lira, tircbba, tcrba. 
:eru, tor. 

?r. tii-ap, tii-bi, tii-kbud. 
-a, 71. taj, kulab, sarpecb, 

cbittbi, dastawez. cbapras^ 
nisban kiya buu kagaz. 
V. sablauji, gud-gndana, 
k. 

a, gud-gnda, be-qarar, nu- 
r, musbkil, barik. 

niausam, 'svaqt, bbatba, 
)-jazr, cbarba-o-ntiir. 
1 kliabar, muzbda. 
arasta, latif, naziik, mau- 

indbna, gantbnd, jakarna, 

■ 

indban, gantb, aqd, ibsdn, 

• 

jal-pan, naslita. 

biigb, palang, cbita. 

niazbiit, mustabkam, cba- 

sbyar. 

V. kasna, jakarna, tang k., 



clinsti, kbiibi. 

Tile, n. kbapra, nariya, cbauka. 

Tile, V. kbapra cbbana, kbaprail ba- 
nana. 

Tiling, n. kbaprail. 

Till, prep, tak, talak, ta, ta-ki. 

Till, V. jotna, kisbt-kari k., zirAat 
k,, halcbalana. 

Tillage, u. jutai, kisbt-kari, ziraat. 

Tilt, n, kbima, saya-ban, sbamiyana. 

Tilt, V. jbnkana, sbast bandbna, 
ncza-bazi k., bbonkna, kapre se 
mandbna. [tir. 

Timber, w. lakri, katb, cbob, sbab- 

Timbrel, n, tabla, niirdang, tambiir. 

Time, n. waqt, zaman, zamana, 
rozgar, danr, mausim, dafa, gab, 
furs at, faragat. 

Tiniid, a. dar-pok, tarsan, buzdil, 
kbauf-zada. 

Timidity, n. bnz-dili, kbauf, dar, dab- 
sbat, kamjiirati. 

Tin, ?i. vilayati loba, tin; qalai, ran- 

ga. 
Tinct, r. rang d., bbarna, aliida k. 
Tincture, n. rang, araq, kimiya, bii. 
Tinge, v. rang d., rangin k., aluda k. 
Tingle, v. tan-tanana, jban-jbanana, 



san-sanana. 



Tinsel, a. raunaq-dar, numaisbi, 

bbarkila. 
Tiny, a. cbbota, kotab, kburd. 
Tip, n. nok, sar, sir a. 
Tipple, V. sbarab pind, piyalabazi k. 
Tippler, n. sbarabi, piyala-bdz, nial- 

kbor. 
Tire, n. saff, silsila, qatar, lu'aisb-i- 

sar, taj. 
Tire, v. tbakna, tbakana, manda k., 

ranj d., sir par topi ya pagri d. ^ 
Tiresome, a. tbakau,ranj-awar, azar 

rasan. 
Tit-for-tat, ad, adle ka badla, 'iwaz- 



mu'awaz 



k.. 



Titlie, n, dasTvan-bissa. 'usbar, wob- 
bissa jo padriyon ke liyemuqarrar 
kiya jata hai. 

Till ate, i\ gud-gudand, sibrana. 

Title, 71. kbitab, laqab, nam, wasf, 
*unwau^ sar-nama, sar-na^wisbt, 



TOL 



284 



TOO 



Title-page, n. sar-ndmn, sar-nfiwisht, 

sar-i-lauh, lauli. 
Titt(?r, t\ khil-khilun'., miin-ilab-kar 

hansna. 
Tittle-tattle, n. gnp-shap, bakbak, 

bakwad. 
Tituhute, v. tliokar kluinii, tlics klia- 

na. 
To, jyrep. ko, la.i];, ke tain, ke, pas, 

kane tak, talak. 
Toad, 71. kaih-Diruki, zahar-dar-mon- 

dak, gluik. 
Toad-cater, n. pnji, cliapliis, kbusb- 

{iniadi, kbaYii-i)ardur. 
Toad-stono, n. patlbar ya giUbli, ek 

mjtdaui sbai. 
Toast, r. sonkna. I'vliiib c^ann k., sha- 

rab pine ke \v;i:|t taziman kisi ka 

Tiaiii lekar u -ki bjirkat cliabna. 
Tobacco, n. laiuhaku, taniaku. 
1'obacconist. n, tainbaku-farosb, ta- 

makl'i ka k:ir-b;ir k. w. 
Tod, 71. cbnii'lali sor iin, ek lomri. 
Toddy, n. ta.i sliarab aur sbarbat 

ek hi inon iiiila liua. 
Toe, n, panw ya pair ki ungli, pair 

ka sinsafutba. 
Togated, Toged, a. jama-posb, janm 

pabiie hue. 
Togo tb or, ad, bam-rab, babam ay 

liam-digar. 
Toil, V. niaslinqqat k., mihnat k., 

zor marna, daur-diaip k. 
Toil, n. mibuat, masbaqqat, kaslit; 

jal, pbaud.i. 
Toiler, n, mibnat k. w., zor marne 

w., danr-dbii;) k. w. 
Toilsome, a. mibnat-talab, tbakaii. 
Toilet, n, iik^z jis par libas durust 

karne ki zaruri cbizen rahti bain. 
Token, n. nisiian, 'alamat, isbara, 

nisbani. 
Tokened, a. nishan-dar, dag-dar, 

clibitti-dar. 
Tole, v. dbire dbire kbinclma, lubba- 

na, pbnslana, mobna. 
Tolerable, a, taba»amul-pazir, bar- 
das btani, cbalM. 
Tolerably, ud. kisi qadr achcbba, 

bain-bain. 
Tolerance, n. tahalimmul, bardaslit, 

jsahdw. 



I 



Tolerant, a. bnrd-bar, mutjilimmil, 

cbasbm-posbi k. w. 
Tolerate, v. rawii rakbna, jaiz rakli- 

11 ;i, bardaslit k. 
Toleration, n. tabammul, bardasht, 

'adain-i-muma-iia'at, chashm po- 

sbi. 
Toll. n. mabsiil-rMh-dari, chiingi. 
Toll, r. mabsiil d. jA lenaj dliire- 

dbire gbanta-bajana. 
Toll-boolb, n. cbabiitra, cLauH; 

qaid-kbana, zindan. 
Tomb, w. rauza, mazdr, maqbara, 

qabar. 
Tomb, V. dafah k.. ga^na, mitti d. 
Tombstone, n. takbta-i-qabr, yad- 

gari-ka-sitiin. 
Tomboy, ??. pnji sbakbs, kbar-mast 

ya ebancbal larka yd laiki. 
Tome, 77. kitab, jild, pusbtak. 
Tomorrow, 77. kfil, farda. 
Tun, 11. atlbais man ka ek bunt ya 

wazan. 
Tone, 77. awaz, sada ya nawa, lalija, 

talaffuz. dam. 
Tone. V. nsli labje ko badal-kar bol- 

na, nakbro se bolna. 
Toned, a. awaz-dar. [si. 

Tongs, 71. cbimta, dast-panuli, sanr- 
Tongue, n, lisan, zaban, jibh, guf- 

tar, bbakfi, boli. 
Tongued, a, zaban-dar, jibli-wdld. 
Tongiieless, a. be-jibb, be-zabtn. 
Toiigne-tied. a, zaban-band, girifta- 

zaban, totla. 
Tonigbt, n, aj ki rat, aj rat ko. 
Tony, 71. 'alimaq, sada-lauli, anaH, 

niiirakb, gawdi. bbondii. 
Too, ad. faziil, nihayat, hadd se ziya- 

dij, niz. 
Tool, n, auzar, diisre ka mtiti'ho- 

kar kam k. w. 
Tooth, 71. dandan. dant, ehdkh. k^n- 

ta; maza ya lazzat, zaiq4. danti. 
Tootb. V, dant banana, dandana- 

diir k. [tez. 

Toothed, a. dandana-dar, dandan-Sii 
Tootb fnl, a. khush-zaiqa, maze-dar 

ya laziz. 
Toothless, V, popla, thotha. 
Toothsome, a. khush-zaiqa, khuBh- 



I: 



I. 



1 



TOR 



285 



TOU 



Tootlinchc, n. dard-i-dandan, dant 

ka dard. 
Tooth-drawer, w. diint nkhar-knr 

nikal leiie w., dant ukluirnc ka 

ek ala. 
Toolli-pick, Too til -picker, n. mis- 

"wak, datwan. kliarka, kliiliil. 
Top, n. sar, qulla, bala, aiij, liadd 

ya gayat-darja, lattii. 
Top, V. sar-posli k., lipar charlina, 

IViiq, Ik, galib 1)., sabqat lejaiia. 
Topnz, n. zabarjad, pukbnij. 
Tope, V, kasrat se siinrab pina, ya 

pi-kar matwula bona. 
Toper, n, sbanibi niai-kbor. 
Top-lieavy, a. sar-bliiiri, gnran sar. 
Topbet, n. JMbannani, dozakli, iiamk. 
Topic, n. in:izmun. iimdda'a, niansba, 

zikr, lagan e ki dawa. 
Topic, Topical, a. muta'alliq-i-mnz- 

miin, kisi kbass maqam ka, makan 

se niakbsiis. 
Topically, ad. mnta'alliq-i-makan. 
Top-knot, n. cbiu'ci, cbutta. 
Topless, a. be-sar, be-qulla; aala, 

aula ya sadr. 
Topmost, a, sab se bala-tar, aala. 
Topograpber, n. jagabon ka bayan 

karne w. 
Topograpby, n. jagabon ka bayan, 

jughrafia. 
Topping, a, 'nmda, diler, slinrif. 
Topple. V. age girna, girparna, 

dbahna. 
Top-proud a. nibj'yot magriir, hadd 

se ziyada mutakabbir. 
Topsy-turvy, ad. tab-o-bala. zer-o- 

zabar, ulat-pulat, ulta-pulta. 
Torcli. n. masb'al, falita. 
Torcb-bearer, n, niasb'al-cbi. 
Torch-light, n. niasli'sil ki rosbni. 
Torment, n. 'uqiibat. 'azab, 'aziyat, 

siyasat, jan-sozi, ba'is-i-siyasat. 
Torment, v. siyasat k., aziyat d., 

satana, dukbana. 
Torm enter. Tormentor, n. shikanja- 

kasb, zalim, jallad, qassab, aziyat 

rasan. 
Tornado, n, andbi, tiifan, jbakkar. 
Torpent, a, bc-biss, be-harakat, ka- 

hil, thithra hua. 
Torpescent; a. be-hiss, be-harakat. 



Torpid, a. be-hiss, sarma-znda, snn, 

be-barakat, sust, kaliil, majLul; 

liikri. 
Torpidity, \ n. be-bissi, be-bara- 
Torpidncss, ( kati, Siirma-zadjigi, 
Torpitude, j susti, kabli, nmj- 
Torpor, ) bull. 
Torrefy, v. ag-se kbusbk k. ya sukli- 

lana. 
Torrent, n. tor, naddi. sail, saii'i.b. 
Torrent, a, dbardbara kar babnew., 

toz-rau. 
Torrid, a, biryan ya klmshk, jalta 

hua. 
Tort n. zarar ya ziyan, nuqsan. 
Tortion, n. taklif, siyasat ya aztib. 
Tortious, a, niuziir. ziyj'm-i<{ir. 
Tortive. a. aintba buu, lapeta hua, 

maroia bua. 
Tortoise, n. sang-pusbt, kacbbua. 
Tortuous, a, bal-dar, pecb-dar, 

muzirr. 
Tortuosity, n, pochidagi, ziyt^n-kari. 
Torture, n. jankani, 'uqiioat, suli, 

jjinkandani. 
Tory, 71. saltan at-dost. b<'idsbab dost. 
Toss, 71. jdicnknii, ucbbalna, daln;.. 
Total, tamam, niutlaq. piira, kull, 

junila. jama, bamagi. 
Totally, ad, mutlaqan, ek qalam, 

sani-pa. 
Toller. V. dagmagana, junibi^h kba- 

na, lagzisb k.. laikba:ana. 
Toucb, V. cbliiina, niilua, bbirna, 

lagna; pana. bath lagana, tona, 

cbberna, narm k., *alaqa rakbna; 

bajana, zikr k. 
Toucb, n. cbbuawat, quwwat-i 1am- 

isa, kasbish, kbatt-o-kbal. sadnia, 

za b azmaish, sablU, zarra. 
Touch-hole, n. ranjak ka siirakh, 

ranjak. 
Touch-stone, n. kasauti, mibakk, 

sang-i-'ayar. 
'I ouch-wood, n. khnshk lakri. 
Toucliy, a. cbiicliira^ tunak-mizaj, 

zikl-ranj. 
Tough, a. sakht, chimra, maz])iit. 
Toupee, Toupet, n. lat, jat^, zulf, 

gesii. ' 
Tour, 72. safar, siyahat, gasht; nan- 
bat, b'o.n. 



TRA 



286 



TRA 



Tonrnnmonl, Tourney, n. noza-biizi, 

iliiithi l.i'ai. 
Tousp, V. kliinclniji, ukliii'iui, iiocli- 

iKi. cliirnu. 
Townnl, T<jwar(llv. a. cluiljik. tar- 

biynt-pazir, 'ilm-[)azir, Iionhdr, si- 

khiK; ko iiinada. 
Towards, jtr. ki taraf, ki jiinib, ko 

pas, kc yalian. 
Towel, n. riiinal, safi, an.G:oclilia. 
Tower, ?i. uijcia-'im.lrat, hit, iiiiiiar. 

qiUa, burj, garbi. bnland-parwazi. 
Tower, v, bahlrawi k.. biilaiul-parwaz 

b., iir kar cbarlnia. 
Town, n. sliar, qasba, balda. nap^ar. 
Toy, 71. kbibiuna, katli-piuli, klielno 

ki cbiz, na-ebiz. 
Toy, V. kbelna, kbusbi k., tbattba- 

mazaq k. 
Trace, i\ yA^n ke nislian-se klioj 

lena. picbba k., siiragb lagfiiui, 

pab<'lianiia; pairawi k., nisban k. 
Trace, n. lisar, 'alania', pata, pab- 

cban, kboj. lik, na(js]n-pa, nisluin, 

snrag; saz jissc gad kbincbi jati 

hai, jot. 
Track, n, naqsli-i-pa, nislum, lik, 

pMgdandi, rab. rasta, raftar. 
Trackless, a. be-lik, be-rasta, bc- 

iiisban. 
Tract, n, mulk, des, zamin, arsa, 

maidan, palbi, risala, nam a. 
Tractable, a. liukm-bardur, mab- 

kiiin, narm, gfirib, tarbiyat-pazir. 
Tractile, a. narm, jo kbincbne se 

ba-asani barb -sake. 
Trade, n. sandagari, tijarat, byopar, 

kar-o-bar, pesba. 
Trade, v. sandagari k., kliarid faro- 

kbt k., kasab k. 
Traded, a. waqif, mabir,kar-azmuda. 
Trjidt^r, n. sand agar, taiir, byopari, 

banjjira, kar-o-i)ari, mabajan. 
Trade^^man, n. abl-i-birfa, byopari, 

kasib, kari-gar, taiir, saudagar. 
Trade-wind, n, mausimi bawa. 
Tradition, n. riwayat, kabawat, bat, 

ba-lis. 
Traditional, Traditionary, a. sina-ba- 

sina, zabjini, snni-snnai, riwayati. 
Traduce, v. tubmat laguna, badnam 

k., ilzani d. 



Traducf , r. hasil k., nikalna, paLun- 

cliana. 
Tratlif, n. tijarat, sandagari. 
rradic, V. sau«lagari k., banij-byopar 

k., niubiidala k. 
Tragedy, n. dard-angcz gazliyat ki 

kihib; na^il-i-gani ya niusibat- 

amcz; musibat, afat, qiyamat. 
Tragic, Tragical, a. dard-angcz, gam- 

gin, manbiis, taklif-dih. 
Tragic-comedy, n. dard-angcz ya 

lian^i iimez natak ya naql. 
Trail u. gbasitna, gbisyana, kbinch- 

li!Jana. 
Train, v, sikbana, uibana, banany, 

bilana, tarbiyit k., adab d., par- 

warisb k., kbincbna. 
IVain, n. cbiriya ki dum, daman, 

qor, silsila, silk, siirat, sawari, 

bjiiiit ki lakir. 
Train, {of ariilUrj/,) n. silsila-i-top 

asbab-i-top, asbiib-i-jang. 
Training, n, tarbiyat, ta'iim. 
Traipse, i*. pbiibar pane se cbalna. 
Trait, n, kliatt, sbakl, qalam-kari, 

kari-gari. 
Traitor, n. daga-baz, kliain, namak- 

baram, gbaddar, bagi, padsbali- 

dusbman. 
Traitorous, a. daga-baz, be-wafa, 

kbain. 

• 

Traject. v. ar-par-d<ilna, ya plienkna. 

Trajcct n. guzar-gali, gbat, rab. 

Tralinoate, r. berali jana, kisi rail 
se [diirna. 

Tralucent, a. Riif, sbaffaf, barraq. 

Trammel, r. pbansana, pakarna, pa- 
band k. 

Trammel, n, lamba jiil, plianda, lolie 
ki ankri. 

Tramontane, n. 'ajnabi, paradesi, 
gair-mulk ka, musafir. 

Tramp, n. raundna, kbiindana, ku- 
cbal-dalna. 

Trample, v. kbiindna kucbalna, ma- 
sal na, paon se malna. 

Trance, n. sakta, bekbudi, be-li.oslii. 

Tranced, a. bekbud, magan, be-liosh. 

Tranquil, a. sunsan, amn-o-aman, 
asiida, ba-aram. 

Tranquillity, n. aram, itmintin, asii- 
dagi, kal, asaisb, rahat. 



TRA 



287 



TRA 



transact, v. baja land, par lagana, 

clialanj'i, mu'amla k., juii li., an- 

jam d. 
Transaction, n. kdr-o-bar, mu'amala, 

niujara, karguzari, ilitiniuni. 
Transcend, v. sabqat k., gulib h., 

jitna, fauqiyat lc-j,ina. 
Trtinscendence, ) n, fauqiyat, sab- 
Transcendency, J qat, pesh-dasti, 

buzurgi. 
Transcendent, a, faiq-tar, benazir, 

pesh-dast, ekta. 
Transcendently, ad, nibayat-kbiibi 

ke satb, fauqiyat se. 
TransL-ribe, v. naql k. ya uturna. 
Transcript, n. naql. 
Transcur. v. idhar-udbar daurnu ya 

pliirnii. 
Transfer, v. sonpnti, taslim k., ha- 

wala k., intiqal k., ek jagah se 

diisri jagb k. 
Transfiguration, n, tabdil-i-sbakl, 

tagir-i-siirat. 
Transfigure, v, sbakl badahiij, surat 

badalna. 
Transfix, v. war-par k., phorna, 

cbliedna. ^ [na 

Transform, v. sbakl ya siirat badal- 
Transformation, n, tabdil-ir-siirat ya 

sbakl. 
Transfuse, r. ck men se am* men 

dalna, zarf badalna. 
Transgress, v, badd se babar jana, 

torn a, radd k., tajuAvuz k., baga- 

Tvat k. 
Transgression, w. 'udiil-i-bukm-i-sba- 

ra ya farz, tajavAuz. kbat^i, gunab. 
Transgressor, 72. nmtjawiz, bagi, taq- 

sir-war, ain-sbikan. 
Transient, a. fani, arzi, na-paedar, 

cliand-roza. natauii.m. 
Transit, ?i. rawangi, saudagari, aj- 

nas ki raft an i. 
Transition, n. ek mak;in ya bal se 

diisre-men gnzar k., tabdil, tagai- 

yur. 
Transitory, a. janewala, na-paedar, 

'arizi, fani, cband roza. 
Translate, v, naql k., tarjuma k., 

batana. 
Translation, w. intiqal, naql, tarju- 
ma. 



Translator, n. tarjuma k. w., mu^ 

trajjim. 
Translucency, ?i. sbaffufi, barnlqi, 

safai. 
Translucent, a. sbaffaf, barraq^ suf, 

ujla. 
Transmarine, a. samandar-par ka. 
Transmigrate, v. naql-i-makan k., 

ek mulk se dusre mulk men jilna, 

ek bal at se diisre bal at men b. 
Transmission, ?i. irsal, rawangi, ar- 

par bbejna, pbailaw. 
Transmit, v. rawana k. , bbejna, 

irsal k. 
Transmutation, n, tabdili, tabaddul. 
Transmute, v. badalnii, tabdil k. 
Transparent, a. sbaffaf, barraq, saf, 

nirmal. 
Transparency, n, sbaffafi, barniqi, 

safai. 
Transpierce, v. cbliedna, pliorna, ar- 

par k. 
Transpire, v. bukbiir sa urjana, po- 

sbida gi se zabir b. 
Transplace, v. naql-i-makan k., diis- 
ri jngab men rakbna. 
Transplant v. ek jagab se utlulko 

diisri jagab men lagana yagani a. 
Transplendent, a. niirani, jalwagar, 

taban. rausban. 
Transport, v. jalawatan k.. des se 

nikcil d., be-bosb k., ck mulk se 

diisre mulk ko lejanii. 
Transport, n, irsal. intiqal, wajd, 

bekbudi. taqsipTaron ko pardes 

m en bb e j n e ka j ab i, z. 
Transportation, n. intiqal, jilawa- 

tan, sbabr-badari. awaragi. 
Transpose, v, batana, ek jagab se 

d usre j agab rakbn a . " 
Transposition, n, jagab ki tabdili, 

inqilab. pber pbar, adal-badal. 
Transubstantiate, v. tabdil-i-jins k., 

asliyat badalna. 
Transnbstantiation, n. tabdil-i-jins, 

ek kbayal ke Hazrat Isa ki wafat 

ke yad-gari ke liye jo kbiina kba- 

ya jiita bai uski roti badal-kac 

Hazrat ka ba<lan bojati bai aur 

sbanib unka kbun. 
Transude, v. ebbedon se nikalna, 

risna, pasijna. 



TRK 



288 



TRE 



Transversa, a. j'lrji, tircliha, torli.jl 
Transvorse, i\ baJalua, tabdJil k., 
ulafnii. 



Treaty, n. sulli, mu'iimala, qaul-o- 
nwrar. 
'. Tri'l'li', a. ti*,aiM;i, seclifind. 



Trap. 11. dam, .crulli-«laiiJe ku kliel. Tre«', n. darakiit, per, sliajar, lakd 

kamiiji^ili. liikinat. j Trellis, n. jliaijjliri, ji'ili. 

Trap, V. diiiii iihmj pakarna. liikinat Trciliscd, «. jlianjliri-dar, jali-dar. 

HO pakarna, pliansaua, zinat d., i Tr<'illa.j^^«', u, kat; Imi. katljglierji. 

{.rasta k. Tr«'iul)U', r. kaijpua, jarazua, tLar- 

Trap-door, 7i. clior-darwaza y;i rali. tliaraiia. 

TraDpings, ;i. zewar, zeuaisli, araisli, Treuilder, 7i. tliartliaraue w., kanp- 

KiijLj:ar. ! ne w., d:i*rd'>KJ«ne w. 

Trash, n kiia-kMrkat ghaspat, ni- ' TremLlinij^, u. kanpkanpi, tliartliarjl- 



k;»nima admi, ala<'-balao. 
Travail, v. niilmat k., nja^Iia([qat k., 

dard-i-zili kliiijclni;.. 
Trav'd, r. sal'ar k.. pliirna, chalna, 

dolnd. 
Travel, n. sair mnsafarnt, siyaliat. 
Traveller, n. nuisuiir, saiyali, rali- 

gii". 
Traverse, a. telira, uni, bendi, tir- 

clilia 
Travi'rso. v. ura r., plierna, baz r., 

inuzaliiin !»., band k.. tai k. 
Tray. «. kliwanclia, kliwan, labaq, 

kisliti. 
Treacherous, a. bo-iuiun, qutil, da- 

ga-h;»/>, bc-waf;i. 
Trea(l»;?ry, ii. dau;- .-b zi, bo-imani. 

cMial, kapat, be>Yat'ui, naniak-ha- 

ninii. 
Treacle, n. tiryaq, Vab, p:u^ 
Tread, v. qailaui r., pauw r., chalna; 

dabana, [Kiuw se nialna. 
Treadle, n. ek kliass kal ka ek jnz 

ji-ko panw so dabkar kal ko cha- 

late Lain. 
Trea\;on, n. namnk-liarami, baga- 

>vat, daL;al).izi. khiyanat, gadar. 



Iiat, tharthari larzish. 
Trcinlilingly, ad. ihartliaraliat se, 

tharihar;it»'. kan[)t(», Iarzi.>ii se, 

jis iiH'ij dagdagat* ya tbartharae. 
TrenHMidoiis, a. daniwna, liaibat- 

nak, haul-nak, tund. lez, shadid. 
Tr(Mnend«^iisly, ad. liaiil-niiki se. ni- 

Iniyat haibalnaki se, n>nhil»ana. 
Tremor, n. larzi^'ii, raslia, kanp- 
kanpi, pliurphuri. 
Tri'inulous. a. kaijpUi-bua, larzan. 
Tr«Mnul()usly, <(d. thartharaliat se, 

kanptc, laizish se. 
Trench, ;/. khamhiq, nala, kluii. 
Treneli, v. k.UmV klio<lna, glms- 

]'a ii.i, cliarhjanji ya barli-cliahia. 
Trenchant, a. burran, tez, paina. 
Trencher, n. kathautii ya katliauti; 

niez, khanji, bhojan. 
Tiericher-ily, n. tnfaili. nuift-kbor. 
Treneher-nian, it. bawarchi, rasoi- 

dar, kliana-banane w. 
Treneher-niate, 7i, liam-dastar- 

kliwiin, ek ohauke pai* ka kbilne 

w. 
Trend, v. pbirnu, tanna, kliinch- 

ji'ina, jhnkn:i. 



Treasure, 7i. kliazana, rokar, zahhi- | Trending, n. khriss samt ya taraf. 

ra, danlat. j Trepan, v. kasa-i-sar ko barnia se 

Treasure, r. " jani.'i k., balornii, le- clihednii, ya katnji. 

rakhna, pnnji k. Trei)idali()n, n. zalzala, lial-clial, 

Treasurer, n. khaz:incln', tahwil-dar. tharlliari, larzish, kliauf-zadagi. 
Treasury, n. kliazina, khazana, ko- Trespass, v. niudakhalat-i-boja k., 

till, ganjina. Ijjiata k., tajawuz k., gunulx k., 

Treat, v. suliik k.. ebalnni'i, rcasla- j t;lius-pariia. 



bat k., abd-o-painuin k. 
Treatise, n. risala, nuskba, niima, 

kitab. 
TrcMitnient, n. kar-guzari, intiztira, 

jsaliik^ dhang, beoliar, chaU 



Trespasser, n. nnirtakib-i-mudakba- 
lat-i-b(^-ja, gunah-gar, qusiir-war. 

Tress, n, kakul, zulf. 

Tressed, a. zulf-dar ya kakiil-dar, 
pecb dar, pecbida. 



TTi'essiire, n. ek qism kit liusliiya. 
•I'resLle, n. lucz k;i dhanclui, ti-Piii. 
"Il'riad, n. tuslis, riaii"s.iiasa. 
'Trialitj, n, iuilat-i-tuslis yu salis- 

salasa. 
Trialogae, n. tin sliaklison ki giit't- 

gu. [Icon. 

■Triangle, 7z. si-goslia, iiiusalias, tri- 
'IViangiilnr, a. ii-koniyd, suia«i, si- 

g(ysha, trikon sa. 
Triangularly, ad. iiiusallas ki surat 

par. 
1'ribe, n, qaum, fin{a, taifa, guroli, 

darja. 
Tribe, v. qaum-ba-qaum k., darja- 

,ba-darja k., zat-lja-zat k. 
-.. QVibulation, n. taklif, uiuslikil, afjit, 

ball, raiij, gam, d;«rd, iza-dilii. 
Tribunal, n. ui:isuad-i-iiisaf, 'adalat. 
Tribute, n, kliiraj, baj, na'i-baiidi, 

kar. 
Tributary, a. kluraj-gazur, bajgu- 

zar, tabi' dar, zer-i-hukiu. 
Trice. ?i. lanilia, pal. 
Trichotomy, n. tin hissoij men ta<i- 

sim. 
Trick, n. hila, fareb. ]iiia-b,.zi. inakr. 

bnliana, fitrat, chalaki, iiikmat, 

daw pecli, sharurat. 
Trick, r. jareb d., daga-bnzi se L'lia, 

uraslua k., clihaina. 
Trickery, n. bibu fi:rat, fareb, dag/i- 

bnzi. araisli. zebaisb, zinat. 
'j'ricking, n. libas, posliak, {'iraisb, 

zinnt, zcwar. 
Trickish, a, 'aiyar, farebi, dagab/iz, 

fitrati, bila-i':iz. makkar. 
Trickle, n. tapakmi, buiidiynir.i. Jljal- 

nii. jbirjbiraua, paili di.ar st,- b.-di- 

na. " [baz; 

IVickster, n. liila-baz, fitrali, daga- 
Tricksy, n. kbiil) siii-at, nafis, laziz 

vii latif, ch/ilak i(Vi, zin lii-dil. 
Trident, n. tri-sn', tir-siil. 
Triennial, a, si-Si'il^ li-saia, iisre- 

sal. Vv 

Trieterical, a. si-sal«iVtid^r--:^iil. 
Trifallovv, v. bono k('\ni z mi'i ko 

. ti«ri b 'r jotna. \\ 
Trifle. V. l>e-!iu<la fi'l vAinift-L;;'! k., 

na-obiz li. v k., b(.'-li\bi iJ.o.un 

se dil bah land. 



Trifle, 72. na-cliiz, lialki bat, tliori- 

bat. 
Trider, 7». be-liiida fi'i y.t guft-gu k., 
; w., na-chiz k. w., liaiza kar. 
' Triding, a. be-liU-la, ocblia, cbhi- 
chhora, na-cltiz, subuk. 
i riilingiy, ad. suouki se, bc-liudagi- 

!se. 
Irillingness, n, subuki, tilii-magzi, 

boliiidagi. 
Tiifoliaie v, ti-patiya, si-barga. 
1 rilorm, a, si-shakla, tin siirat w. 
Irigamy, n. ek bi waqt men tin 
shauhar ya • tin jord rakliue ka 
guuah. 
'I'rigon, n, si-gosha, musallas, si- 

janib. 
Trigonal, a. si-gosha, ti-koniya, su- 

lasi. 
Trigonometry, n. ilm-i-paimaish-i- 
' mnsallas ilm-i-mnsal!as. 
I Trilateral, a. si-pah al, si-taraf, mu- 
i sail as. • 
, Triliteral, a. si-liarfi, sulasi. 

Triii, n. tarana, a^vaz ki tharthari. 
i IVill, V, iabaknii, gitkari-iena, ta- 
I pakna. 

; Trim, v, durust k., pahinana, arasta 
'. k., zinat d. 

. Trindy, ad. umdagi ya kliiibi se, 
I ba-anista.yi, pukizagi se. 
i Irimmer, n. durust k. w., iiahinane 
' w., n;ifis k. w. 

'; Trininiing, n. zt-baiwli ki cliizc^ij, ba- 
I hii zinat. 

' Triiiu't*'!", n, balir-i-hazaj-i-mnsad- 
das. • 
Iriue. a. si-chand, tihra liguna. 
Trine, ji. saiyaron ki musallas ]iuma 
' sbakl, taslis. 
Trine, v. saivaron ki musallas nunui 

sbakl nien r. . 
Tiiniiy, ?/. lasiis, siUis-saL.sa, tri- 

« 

iMiini. 
I'linkol. n. chlioia gahna, bazicha, 
' a<lna v;. kam (|imat shai. 
Trio, u ek ra,L;-J!sk() tin jane miikar 
p-.-.w'Mi va ba- \Ycn. 
. Trioijolar. I lioiiolaiy. (7. l-iecb, pj'iji, 
zaiil na-kaia yu na-cliiz. 



Kk 



TRO 



290 



TRO 



Tripping, a. tez, tez-rau, clialak. 
jald-biiz. [t«'n. 

Tripe, n. antariyjin. antari, ant an- 

Triph thong, n, tin harl'-'illat ki niiii 
hui awaz. 

Triple, a. ti-gnna, si-cliand. 

Triple, *^ si-cliand k., ti-guna k. 

Triplet, n. tuslie, musallus. 

Triplicate, a. si-chaud, tilira, ti- 
guna, tin-lara. 

Tripod, n. si-pay a, ti-pai. 

Tripudiary. a. nach se kiya gaya. 

Trist, a. azurda, gam gin, u<las. 

Tristitiate. v. udaa k., ganigin k., 
ranjida k., ya li. 

Trisulc, n. tri-siil tir-siil. 

'Irisulcate, a. tri-suli tir-suli. 

Trisyllable, n tin hijje-dar lafz. 

Trite, a, sal-kliurda. puranil, niasli- 
hiir. .:^, . 

Triteness, n. kulinagi. qadamat. sal- 
khurdagi. 

Triiical, a. sal-khurda, dcrina. qa- 
dim. 

Tritnrable, a. murakin-ul-safiif, buke 
jane ke qabil. 

Triturat*-!, v, chiir k., ])isna. biikiiji. 

Tritbeism, n, tin kluida ka 'sujida. 

Tritbeist, n, tin kbuda ka nianne 
wala. 

Triumph, n. juliis-i-zafar ya firoz- 
mandi ke sabab se bashmat ke 
sath sawari. fatha. zafsir. 

Triumphal, ) a. jnliis-i-zafar-mnn- 

Triumphaut, | siib, firoz-mandi ke 
sabab se hash mat ke satli jo sa- 
wari nikle uske mutn'/illiq. 

Triumphantly, ad, firoz-inandi se, 
fatha-mandi se, galibana. 

Triumvirate, n. ek waqt men tin 
shakhson ki musbtiivak bukiiniat. 

Triunity, n, salis-snlasa taslia. 

Trivial, a. na-cbiz, hech, khafif. sa- 
buk. adna. 

Trivially, ad. subki se, beqadri se, 
aksar ya besh-tar. 

Trivialness, w. subki. kliiffat, be- 
qadri, aksariyat. 

Trochee, n. nazm men ek rukn ka 
nam jismen do hi.ije ya 'uz bote 
bain, pahila juz lamba aur diisia 
chhotL 



! rii 



Trorliaic, n. bait fa rd ya misrajiske 

ai>e riikn bon ke unka pahila jnz 

lamba aur du||'a cbliotil ho. 
'I'rurbilics, n, ihii-i-harkat-i-mili- 

wari. 
Troglodyte, n. biUhinda-i-koh, gar 

ka ralme w. 
Troll. i\ gbunuinsi. idiinina, chakkar 

d., lakwad k., barbariina. 
rronajt,n\ w. taulai. 
Troop, 7/. gbol ya taifa, halqa ya ja- 

mu*at, sipaliiyon ka gurob. risala. 
Trooper, n. ek sawar. gl»u charLa. 
Trope. ». kinaya. majiiz. isti'ara. 
Tropbird. a, i'atba kt* nisbanon yi 

yjid trjiriyon se linista. 
Tropby. n, fatha ka nisban ya yad- 

'! ropic. ??. khatt-i-saratan-o-jadi, drii- 

ra-i-nis-us-saratan-o-daira-i-rai- 

ul-jadi. 
Tropical, a. majazi. musta'ar; kbatt- 

i-sarlan aur kbatt-i-jadi ke dar- 

niiyj.n ka. 
'Iropol<»gy, 71. kalam-i-mnsta'ar. 
Trot. r. dulki j;.na dulki chalna 
Troth ??. inian. wafa, rasti, diyanat, 

sachjii. 
Trotb](^ss, a. be-iman, dagd-baz be- 

vNafa. 
Tr(»thpli<:ht, v. mangni k., niansiib 

k.. yanishat k., sagai k. 
Trouble, v. sat an a, muztarib k., tak- 

lif y.-. iza d., tasdiVi d.. diqq k. 
Troubler, n, azar-dih, niiizi, sitam- 

irar dukb-dai. stane w. 
Tronblpsome, a, }'.zar-dib, niiizi, tak- 

lif-dib. mnsbkil, sakht. . 
Troubb'someness, n. azar-dihi. tak- 

lif-di).i. 
Troublous, a. pursbor. shorawar, ab- 

tar ya darbam-barbam kiya hiia. 
Trousjfh. n. donga V:i donari katlira. 
Trounce, v. bahut marna, bahut 

tbokna. 
Trouse, Trousers n. pae-jama .izar. 
Trow. ?'. khiyal k.. soclina biijhna. 
Trow int. mujbe taajjub maldm hota 

hai. 
Trowel. ??. karni. Ihapi. 
Tioywei,o:ht, 9i. sona riipa wg. taulne 

ka wazxv. 



TRU 



291 



TUM 



Truant, n, larka jo maktab se gair 

huzir liokar klieltu pliire, kahil 

•slinks, sust laikti* 
Truant, a. sust, awara, liarzagard. 
Truce, n. mulilat, thore zamaue ke 

liye sulli, waqfa. naglia. 
Trucidatiou, n, mar, lialak, qatal, 

kliun. 
Truck n. lenden, dad-o-sitad, chizon 

ka adla-badla; clihota, paliiya ya 

chakkar. 
Truck. V. adla-badla k., 'iwaz niu'a- 

wiza k., tijarat k. 
Truckle, r. clihote pahiye par gliiim- 

na. dabna, dal)akna. 
Truculent, a. walisbi, beralim, liaul- 

II ak. 

Trudge, v, pair ghasitna, pairon- 
• 3 an a; niinnat k. 
True, a. saclicha, sadiq, rast, haqiqi 

d iy anat-dar, durust. 
True-liearted, a. safdil, beriya, sadiq, 

wafadar. 
I'rue-penny, it. diyanat-dar admi, 

nist-baz shaklis. 
Truffle, n. dharti ka pliiil, kukar- 

Tiiutta. 
Truism, n. sacb bat, rast bat, su- 

kban-i-maqul. [sba. 

Trull, n. malzadi, kasbi. znn-i-fabi- 
Truly, ad. waqa'i, fiiliaciiqat, sach- 

III ucb. 

Trump, n. turlii, nafir, blier; ek taur 

ka ganjifa. 
Trump, V. fareb d., da.2:a b?Jzi se beja 

dakbl k.. maiisiiba k. ; turlii baja- 

ua manadi k.. masliliiir k. 
Trumpery, n. barzagoi, be-hiida- 

guft-gd. [blier. 

Trumpet, n. nafir, turlii, qnrnae. 
Trumpet, v. turlii-bajana, dbindliora 

pitna, mMsbliur k., manudi k. 
Trumpeter, n. nafir bjane w., qar- 

iiiicbi. 
Truncate, v. ka-ke cbliota k., clihant- 

na, qatfi k., 'uzu katna, lang a k. 
Truucbeon, n. asa-i-liukra, cliLari. 

cliob, dan da, sonta. 
TrunHle, n. golcbiz, cliboti'i-pahiya 

ya cbakkar. 
Trundle, v. lurbaknu, * lurLka d., 



Trunk, w. tana, dhar, peri; badan; 

liati ki siind; cbamre se mandba 

liua sandiiqcba. 
Truss, n. piiU, gathri, pulinda, patti. 
Trust, 71. i'tibur, asru, tawakkul, 

hawala, zimma, sonpi bui cbiz, 

udhar. 
Trust, V. yaqin k., hawala k., bba- 

rosa k., bi.wark., i'tibark., udhar 

d., qaraz par becbna, saunpmi. 
Trustee, n. amanat-dar, amin, zim- 

madar, kafil. 
Trusty, a. amanat-dar, iman-dar, 

wafa-dar. 
Trutb, n. sacb, rasti, sidq, sat, tah- 

qiq. liaqlqat, wafadari, sacbai. 
Trutbless, a. be-iman, daga-baz, 

jbiitba, gjilat. 
Try, V, azmaisb k., jancbna, parakb- 

n;i, tajwiz k., kosbish k., sa'i k., 

qasd k. 
Tub, 71. katbra, gamla, katbauti. 
Tube, n. nali, cbonga, nai. pbukni, 

tonti. 
Tubercle, n, gilti, gantb, pbora. 
Tuberous, a. gantbila, gilti-dar. 
rul)ular, Tubulated, a. nalisa, naisa. 
'luck, t\ siko na, dabaua, batorna, 

snmetna, nior r. 
Tucker, n. mabrnm, angiya, cboli. 
Tuesday, n. manga], &i-sbamba. 
Tuft, 71. turra, jbund, gucbcba, kal- 

giy kbosba. 
Tufty, a. gucbcbe-dar, turra-dar. 
'J'ug. V. kbincbna, tanna, aincbna, 

kbasotna. 
Tuition, n. nigabbani, parwarisb, 

talim. 
Tulip, n. gul-i-lala, sbaqaiq. 
Tumble. V. gir-parna, pacbbar-kba- 

na, lotna, tale-iipar k., patak d., 

dba d. 
Tumbler, n. gerne w., nat, rasanbaz, 

lotnewala; abkbora; girib-baz ka- 

butar; ek qism ka kutta. 
Tumbrel, n. maila j.benkne ki gari, 

cbbakra. 
Tumefaction, n, siijan, waram, amas, 

plioa. 
Tumid, a. pbiildbua, siijabud'^ratv^vvv,, 

1 Tumo\3Lr, n. wxvi*, ^w^xsx^ ^x^^>> 



TUU 



2D2 



TWI 



Tumult, n. liciugjiinn, balwa, gl»al»- 

raiiat, bakhera, Inijuui lialclial. 
Tuinultnate. v. liaugamu k., I'asaJ 

k., balwii k. 
Tumultuous, a. halcliali, darliain- 

barhaiii, daiigai. 
Tun, ?i. ek hurii pij)?!, ek wazn. 
Tune, n. awaz, sarud, sur, lai, 

aliang. tan'ina. 
Tune, r. niililna, liamsaz k., dunist 

k., barabar k., alapnii, ham aliai:g 

b. 
Tu;iio, n. kurta, parda, cbamri'u 

jhilli. liliaf, balii-posli. 
Tunicle, n, pusliisb, giliif, jbiiH, 

chamra. 
Tunnage, n. bojliii jo jalu'iz par ladii 

rahta hai. 
Tunnel, n. cbonga, dln'ian-kasb, za- 

niin ke niclie milirab-dar nib. 
Turban, n. pngri, dastar, sarpccb^ 

sarband, *imama. 
Turbid, a. gad la, gurba, mukaddai* 

aliida, mail a. 
Tnrbulencc, Turbulonoy, n, iztir:ib, 

bc(ianiri, kbalbali, danga. fasad 
Turbulent, a. dange-baz, Inirdanga, 

liangami. fitna angez, fasadi. 
Turf, w. cbapia, cbakta; dub, gbtis- 

dar mnidan. 
Turgid, a. pliila buii, stija bua; ran- 

gin. 
Turkey, n. fil-murg, sluitar-nmrg. 
Turkois, 'i'urcois, n. firoza, piroza. 
'I'urmeric, n. baldi, zaril-cbob, liardi. 
Turmoil. i\ saklit milmat k., ma- 

Kliaqciat k., baliut ranj utliana ya 

d., tbaki.n;., paresban k., satjina. 
Turn, r. pliirn.,. pliirana, gbumna, 

gliiimana, cbakkar d. ya marnM, 
-.. ulntna, tabdil k., diwanak., sbef- 
..!• ta k. 

Turn, 71. plier, glnnnao. pecb, cbak- 
^xilim^ gardisb. in<|ilab, dlujb. 
-Tiira«'<')tit. n. zamana-st'iz. ru-gMr<]jin. 
Turning. ft. gar<lis1i pliiriio, daunin, 
,ii:cl;iaMkM.T/.gum-rabi. 
Turnip, ?i. sbalgani, slialjam. 

Il:'iiiTn'piic^V'"^i '^^a ak ke ar-pa 

pbntnk. 

Tumsii-ld^'^r! M.ifr'-giisli ta, sar^gardjiij, 
.'A'hmJliU^ presban. .-^lofu. 



! 'IV 



-par kfi 



Turpenlino, n, gandabir6za, tar-pin|T 
! ka I. il. 
I Turpitude, ji, ^llat, badzati, nicli-lT 
> pan a. 
Turret, n. kangura, minar, burji. 
Turtle, n, fakhta, (]uuin, sangpuslit,] 

kaelibua. |1 

'I'usean, n. ta'mir ka ck taur, Taska- 

ni ke muik ka. [nab. Il 

Tu-k, «. bir, baiwjin ka bara dant, 
rut<lage n. nigali-bani, khabai- 
i daii, bifazat. 

i Tutelar, Tutelary, a, nigahban, mn- 
I bafiz. 

i Tutor, n, sikli ne w., usijid, nm'al- 
; lim, ;itali(p nigali-l»an, guiu. 
i Tutoiag*'. It. ataliqi, la'liui, mubafi- 
\ zat. ustadi. 

! Twjittb', r. b;irbMrana, bakwad k. , 
1 Tweak, r. noelina. d a ban a, ni aroma, 
i malna. 

' Twelve, a. l-jirab, duwjizda. 
'l"w<']ftb. a. bjiralnvan, duwazdabuni. 
Twcntv. (I. Ids, bist, kori. 
Twentieth, a. biswiin. bistum. 
'I'wiee. a. dobara, do-martaba, do- 
da fa. niukarrar. 
Twig II. d.ili, talmi. sbakbcba. 
Twilight, ??. nim-sbani, sbafnq, 
sbal.'Ki-ul-gurub, sbafaq-i-subahi, 
sand liv;» kill . 
Twill, n. tauam, bam-zad. 
Twin. a. d<>, juft, joia, liam-zady 

tauam. 
Twine, v. bal d., guntlind, lapelna 
peeb d. pbinina, hatna. blu.njna. 
Twine iu sntii, resman, pecli, ma- 

rnr, bagal-giri. • 
Twinir<'. V. norbnti, dabana, parpa- 

r;'nia, niaro na, katna. sat ana- 
Twinkle, r. niafakna. ankh jbapak- 
na. timtimana, jbaljlialana, jag- 
nmpana, pal ak mam a. 
Twinkling, ». finkb ki jbapki, palak 

niatki, jl.il mi lab at. 
Twiro. V. ob(^n-cben k.. cbabchaba- 

na, lali.-iknji. nius-kunina. 
'Iwu'l. r. jal di pbirana, gbumdna, 

clir.kkar d. 
Twist. /'. aintbna, marona, bfio'ua; 
bill parna, nicboniy, maror-kba- 



UGL 



293 



UNA 



Twist, 72. Slit, rassi, sutii; aintlian, 

pecli, luaro:, bal. 
Twit, V. tana-marna, malamat k., 

sarzanisli k. 
Twitcli, V. kliasotna, chhinlena, jlia- 

takna; noclma. 
Twitter, n. luclinnichal»at, cLiin- 

cliiin, iztiral), liairani. 
Twitier. V. chun-cliiiu k., inuztarib 

li., paresluin h. 
Two, a. do, du. 
Twofold, a. dotalia. dugna. 
Tympanize, r. tanna, pliailana, 

nui liiiH. 
Tympanum, n. tambiir, dhol; chhape 

ki kal ka ek juz; kan ka parda. 
■Type, w. 'alamat. iiislian, ^bakl, 

surat, pata, tamsil, clibapa naq- 

bha, cbbape ke liiiruf. 
Typic, Typical, a. tamsili, naqli, 

'alamat-dar. 
Typically, a. tamsilan. majazan. 
Typogrjipb*^r. n. cbbapne w. 
'Jypograpliica], a. clibape ke luuiif 

y{i cliliape se muta'alliq. 
Typograpby, n. cbbape ka fann, 

cbbapagari. 
Tyrannic, Tyrannical, a. klnidmukb- 

tar, zalim, sitami, be-rabin. 
Tyrannicide, n. zalim-kusbi, zalim- 

kusb. 
Tyrannize, v, zulm k., jabr k., ga- 

zab k. 
Tyrannous, a. zalim, be-ralim, si- 

tam-gar, sang-dil. 
Tyranny, a. zulm, jabar, andber, 

qaliar. 
Tyrant, a. zalim, sitamgar, jafa-kar, 

kbud-sar bads bah. 
Tyro, a. nau-amoz, mubtadi. 



u. 



U. Angrezi hariif tahajji ka ekkis- 

wan baruf. 
TJberous, a. zar-khez, plial-dar, wa- 

iir. kasir, ziyada. 
Ubiquity, n, haziri-naziri, sab kahin 

haziri. 
Udder, n, lewa. than. 
Ugliness, n. bad-siirati, zisht-riii, 

bad-shakli bnrai. 



Ugly, a. badsiirat, zislitrii, bad- 

sbakl, karib-manzar, bura. 
Ulcer, Ulceration, n, nasiir, phora, 

qarba, bandar-ghao. 
Uliginous, a. kicbaraha, maila, 

narm, gad la. mukaddar. 
Ulterior, a diir-tar. ziyada, aur. 
Ultimate, a. akbiri, akbirin, pichbla. 
Ultimately, ad. akbirash, akhir kar, 

bad-ko. 
Ultimatum, n. akhiri bat, dkbirin 

tajwiz. [ka. 

Ultramarine, a. 'ajnabi, darya-par 
Umber, n. ek (jism ki bbiiri ma'da- 

ni sliai jo ibtadamen mulk-i-Am- 

bria men mill tbi, ek qism ki 

macbbli. 
Umbilic, n. naf, tordi. 
Umbrage, n. siiya, parda; kudiirat, 

bczari. 
Umbrageous, Umbrose, a. saya-dar, 

cbbiiya bua. 
Umbrella, n. cbliata. clihatri, cliatr. 
Umpire, n. si'ilis, darmiyaui, munsif, 

faisai k. w. 
Unable, a, bemaqdiir, natawan, na- 

qabil. nalaiq. 
Unacceptable, a. na-pasand, naman- 

ziir, II a -Id J" ''^l I. 
Unaccepted, a, n;.-manzur, na-pa- 
sand, na-matjlal. 
Unaccompanied, a. be-Lamrah, be- 

subbat, akela. 
Unaccompli.sbed, a. na-tamam, na- 

kamil. 
Unaccountable, a. mumtana'-i-sba- 

rab, be-bisab, 'ajab. 
Unaccustomed, a. be-rabt, gbair- 

musta'mal, nava. 
Unacquainted, a. na-Wi.qif, be-klia- 

bar, namahram. 
Un admired, a. na-mausiif, be-qadr. 
Unadvised, a. be-taluisba. be-salah, 

na-munasib, bc-imtyaz, be-tadbir, 

b(»-taniiz. 
Unaffected, a. besakbta, sidLa, sa- 

baj. baqiqi, beriya, sad a. sacbcba. 
Unaided, a. be-madad, beyilri, gbair. 
Unalterable, a, amit, be-badai, 

gbair muntaqil. 
Unanimity, u,\\.\.\i'A.cY, ^^^^\,\^^*v^^^-) 

dosU. 



T-N'i; 






UNO 



Uiiaiiinums </. ninwafni, cklil, Lam- 

zabaii. 1 1 a 1 11 -su I a li. 
Unuiii5w«*ral»h*, tt. 1 .-jawah. bi'-Ia- 

wab. iiiiniitana'u-l-l'Utlan. Ia-ra<bl. 
Uiianii. r, hathivar clilnii-b-ua, bf- 

silub k. 
Uiianii'Ml, u. niliatlilha, be-li:itliyjir, 

khi.li-]:atli. 
Iliiask-Mi. n. na-kliwa-^la. b.'-tnlab. 
IJiiassaila''!", 't. na <|al»i!-i-baMil:i. 
Uii:is<ist'tl ((. b«*-iiia«la«l, bi'-ilastu- 

;;iri, b;'-satlii. 
Uiiassiiriiing. a. garib. bsiliin, salini. 

kani sliaii. 
Uiiat-mabb', a. n;i-sul}i-|>azir, n.i- 

taskiiJ-jKizir. 
Unaiiihoiiscil, a. b<']inkni, bosanatl. 
Uiiavoi'labb' a. aiuit, lil-r.Mlil. 
Unawari's, ad. na-gahan, naLT .li, ya- 

ka-yak. [kbauf. 

Unaw.'.l, a. b<»-bak, i)0-bjubat, bo- 
UiilnM'niiiing. II. na sbaisia na-sa- 

zawilr, gainiuiWiUi(|. na-laiq, iiu- 

zob. 
Uiiboi^et, V. ii(?st-()-iialni«l k.. inita (1. 
Uiilx'irnib', V. ki.n kbolu.i, linklini 

khobia, rbijiiia. 
Uiib''ii<'f, n. be-(lini, be-iiii.*'.ni, kiifr. 
UubclioV'T, 71. bu-tliu, kiilir, gair- 

inu'ta([id. 
Unbi.bicri. a. be-da'wat, bc-talab, 

au-biiUiya. 
Unbhiiiial)b'.. v. bo guniili, be-khuta, 

lKf-ail>. bi-jumi. 
Uiiblcniisboil, a. be-aib, bo-dag, bo- 
rn swai. 
Uiil)lcst, a. lui-mubarak, nii-khujis- 

ta, inariiii. 
Unblown, a, na-sliignfta. 
Unborn, a. na-paichi, nii-zada. anja- 

na; aynnda. 
Unbosom v. asrar kbolna, niz kab- 

na, iVjsb k. 
Unbongbt, a. nii-kbarida, anmol, 

ninft kii. 
Unboundod, a, bc-badd, bc-nibi'iyat. 

bo-sbnnnir. 
Unbridled, a. bo-lagj'im, bo-zabt, be- 

qaid, sliokb. 
Unbo>yel. v. antariyan nikjilna. 
Unbrokon, a. uu-abikasta, antiita; 

naraaglub. 



Unbiiriod, a. na-Tnndfiin, nn-gari 

I'lii'iiriit, a. iia-3nkbia. an-jnla. 
fnbuuun, L\ gbuudi kbolna, kk 

na. 
rmalni, r. inuztnrih k., di(|q k. 
l^icainato, a. ^air-i-jisumiii, M 

>bab\val-pai'aKt. 
I'ma^f. V. gilaf 80 nikalna, iidhenii| 

nk''Ina. 
I'licasinir, fi. laga-tar. Tnudanii. 
L'ni'on inonious, a. bc-takullu( be-l 

4}a'ida. I 

Untv'itain, a. na-iiialiiTn, mniliWkj 

g:iir-Miui|arrar; muzalizib, mttt** 

rndiliil 
Unt liangoablo, a. bc-tabdil, li-tagfr 

viir, bi-z.iwal. 

* 1 

Uiiibaritablo, a. na-snkbi, tangd&st; 

bad-kbwab, aib-jo. tang-dil. 
I'r.j'b.irni, v. j .dil. vu afsiiij ne j.wAV 
rncba-^to. a. n^i-pak-daniaii, fahisHl 

sbabwat ])arast. nais-parast, b^l 

Msniat. 
l^nobnivli, r. girjo kohnqtiq wngain 

so nialiruni k., girjo se iiikal d. 
Unoiivniii.<poct, a. bo-kbabar, ne-tld- 

bir, galil. 
Uncivil, a. bo-adab, be-murawwat, 

bad-kliiilq. gnstakb. 
Uncivili/od, a. bo-tarbiyat, be-saliq8» 

na-t;irasbi(bi, galiz 
Undo, n, (pntevnal), ammd, chnchii, 

cliaolia, ksika; — (mnternai,) khala, 

nininii, nninia, p]iu[)ba. 
Unoloan, a. na-saf, nd-pak, palUi 

lianinj, ahida. 
Unolonnnoss. n. na-saf i, na-p»ki, 

alaisli, <rnnab. niaila-pan. [k. 

Uncloistor, v. clibor d., azad k., riliu. 
Uncb)tlio, V. kapra ntfirna nangak. 
Unolondod, a. bo-abr, saf, kusbada, 

nurani. 
Unoomtdy a. be-nazukat, na-zari^ 

bo-j;inial. 
Unconifortablo, a, na-klmsh, na- 

mnwi.fiq; bo-ar:.m tjiklif-dib. 
Uncommon, a, nadir, kamyab, ajib, 

nirala anoklui. 
Un com pact, a. na-pajwasta, na- 

basta. za*if. '' 

Unconoomod, a. bo-parwdb, be-fikr, 

be-garazi, s'divg-dvV, Vi^-^^bxn. 



UND 



295 



UND 



nconfirmed, a. ii4-sabit, na-tasdiq. 
ncoiifonnity, w. na-mutabaqut, na- 

iiiuwalutjiit, 
ncjiinected, a. na-paiwasta, be- 

lagiio be'ilaqa. be-muHbarakat. 
iicoiKiuerable, a. gair-niagliib, na- 
xiiaqbiir. 

iicoiTupt, a. 'umda, achcbha, kbiib, 
iniau-dar. 
ncourteons a. be-adab, bad-kbulq, 

be inurawwat. 
"ncouth, a ba-usliib, be-dbab, na- 

tarasliida, bhondii. 
rncovenaiited, a. be-sbart, b«'-qaul- 

o-(jarar. 
Uncover, v. kbolna, surposb utbana. 
'.;iig]iaina, nanga k. • 
'iicreatod, a. gair makliliiq, na-af- 

rida. 
Tnction, n. malish, maibam, koi 

sliai Jesse araiu mile, 
rncultivated. a. gair-abad, wiran; 

betarbiyat, nu tarasbida. 
S^nciit, a. Jin-kata, mi-burida piira. 
Jndjiunted a. be-bak, diler, dila- 

war, janbaz. 
Tndecayiiig, a. na-zail, be-zawal 

na-maqsiir. 
Jndeceive, v, kan ya aiikbcn kbol- 
na, kbabar sabiii d., kbata lafa 

karna. 
Jiidecided, a. na niuqanar, gair 

infisal. 
Jiidffiled, a. be-aliida, Sc'.f, pak. 

pjirsa. 
Iiidcfinnble, a. iia-tasbkliis-pazir. 

bnvjiii ke babar. 
Judefined. a. na-n)n})aiyr.n, gair-i- 

maiisiif, gair-i-iiialnliid. 
Jiideiiiable. a. bi-radd gair-'itiraz, 

mi qabil-i-iiikar. 
Iiidcr, prep, nicbe, tale, zcr, faro; 

tabi'; kam. 
Jndergo, v. ntbana, kinebna, salmti, 

bardjisbt k., kliana. 
Jndergroiind, ad. zer-i-zamin, zamin 

ke nicbe. 
Jnderbaiid a. cbliipa, makbfi. 
Jnderband, nd. clddpa-cliliipi, dar- 

parda, nibji._., popbidagi so. 
Jndcrling, n. zerdast_, kargiizar. 



\^ £\ "TV* /^T'O 



Undermine, v. surang damana ya 

lagaiia, sendli mj.nia, naqab k., 

cbliipa-chbipi dusbmau b., jar 

katna. 
Undermost, a. sab-se nicba, zer-tar. 
Underneatb, a. nicbe, tale, zer. 
Underpart, n. tale, nicbi taraf, rii- 

-i-zer. 
Underrate-, v. kam qimat tbabrana, 

cbbota ya baqir janna. 
Undersecretary, n. naib-i-munslii. 
Understand, v. sania)lina, daiyaftk, 

biijlnui, janna, farz k , qabiii k. 
Understanding, n. daryaft, samajb, 

bii|li,'aql, wuquf, falim, idrak. 
Ubdertake, v, utluina, masbgiil b., 

qabiil k., 'qasd k.; batb lagana, 

paon dalna. 
Undertaker, w. qadam dalne w., 

masbgiil h. w., qabiil k. w,; kafan- 

doz, tabiit-gar. 
Undertaking, n. kar, kam, jokbim, 

azimat, niubasliarat. 
Undertenant, n. ijara-dar ki ra'iyat, 

daruni ra'iyat, kiniye-dar ka kira- 

yed .r. 
Undervalue, v. be-qadrk., kam qimat 

junna, liaqir- janna. 
Undcrvalnor n. kam qadr k. w., 

kam qimat j an ne w., lia(]arat k. w. 
Underwood, n. cbbote per, jbdii. 
Underwork, n. cbbota kam, balka 

kam. 
Underwoik, v. jar-katna, jar-kbod- 

na. cbni)-cbap bnnii k. 
Underworkman. n. kamera, adna- 

kari-gar ya dast-kar. 
Undervrrite, v. nicbe likbna, apna 

n;.m likbna. 
Undeserved, a. gair-i-wajib, narast, 

na-baqq, na-saza. 
Undoserv^'dly. ad. be-isfib qaqi se, 

na-baq(] gair-i-wajib. bc-insafi se. 
Undeserving, a. na-)aiq, na-qabil, 

be-liyaqat. 
Undesigned, a. be-qasd, be-irada. 
Ujidosignedly, ad. bila-qasd, bila- 

irada. [cbclia. 

Undesigning, a. bc-riyiv, "s^^^wx, ^^- 
Unil('tevu\u\i.H\, a. tv^ \a\\v'^Vs\.c>^., 

gaiv-\-n\\\(.\;\YYaa* , Tv'^.-^vV\Vv:\^»ic*^ vcvcv. 



UXD 



20f? 



UXE 



Uu<l»*vi{itin;?, a. na-Miiinlinrif, ii:i- 
gmiirali l)"-kl';il;i, b-ginuiii, 8.l)it 
q.'ulnni, iiiustaqil. 

Uu'lii^'Sl-'il. a. ii.i-li:izin, n -iiiural- 
t:il). kliaiii \"JL iiiitai-. ajini. 

Uiiilin'''ruoJ, u, !ia (.l.nvafta, n;'i- 

UM.Usi'eru'Mllv, ad. bila ilarvdft ya 

ma'iUiM hu''. 
U t.lisx- "niiijli*, (t. iia-'li'bmi. 
Un'li.scorikibl«*n<.*>.s, 7i. iia-iii'laiii l-a- 

lat. 
Un^lisccniiiig, (i. Ix'-waijuf, na-liu.sli- 

yar, iiri-ULCJili, Ix'-basirat. h<.'-a<jl. 
UM<lis(.'ii)lin«'<l, It. l)<'-«|:!\\:i'itl. Im-- 

l)aii«l-o-l)asl, Ui'i-jatig-azmU'lit. be- 

zabt. bt'-rabt. 
UinHscor<ling, u. suz-L,^a^, liani-aliaiig, 

liain-ii:»l'as. 
Uii'lisc*ov«T'Ml, a. uu-maMii:ii, ])Oslii- 

tla, na-(U<la. 
Uii'li.scov-M'ab'n-, It. na-y I), ua-yaf- 

tani, zjiliir lione ke iia-([..bil, iiu- 

iniinikin-i-izliar. 
I^ndisposoil, a. iia-inail, iwi-ragib, na- 

ma>^rur. 
Un<ii<pnt.Ml, a, lakalain, bc-balis ya 

I.e-nuih.iljasa. saf zjiliir. aslikara. 

lJn(li>5S(Miil»l(vl, a. siiia-saf, bt.'-riya, 
imaiubir, ^^;i(li'|. 

Umlist'Mnpcrcd. r. tau-dnnist, be- 
lli a'Z, bliala-cliansfa. 

Uinlisturbcd, a. In' liarakat, bo ban- 
^aniti, bc-i>aiH'sli;ini, iisiida, ba- 
aram. 

UiuUvortod. a. na-miinharif, na- 
barixaslita. [sim. 

Uudiviibibb', a. ua-niumkin-ul-taq- 

Uinllvitl m1, a. jtrair-i-taqsini, tarn- 
am, kill I. niusallam. 

Undi>'i(l(Mlly, ad. jismon taqsim iia- 
bo-sako. 

Undo. V. akiiratb k.,dlia d.. udlierna, 
dliihi k., bi,u:arna. 

Uiidocr, n, gbarat k. w., tor daliie 
w., bigarno '^ , dba d. \v. 

UikIoiip. (1. T»a-karda, lui-sakhta. na- 
tanuim, kbarab, barbad, tabab. 

Undonbt«Ml, n, bo sliublia^ be-sbakk, 

iiuK|.'n'rar. 
Uin]onl»todly, ad. ho slnkk, be-sliu- 
bha, fil-liaqiqat, al-batta. 



L. 



r- 



r 



Fndonblfiil, a. be-shakk, jaqini 

s.it\ zabir, asbkara. 
I'lidr '.Hs, r. ka[n<' niar-lcna, yii otar- 

)ia. nan;^a k-, liraltua k. 
rn«irt'N». u. diiila Iil>jiR, dhilekapre. 
L'lidrissiMi. a. nangii. uu-taijur, ni 

taraslia-bna. 
I'ndrnssv. CI. s.if. iiirinal. 
I'll lin' <i. gair-i-\vajih, na-liaqq, ni- 

iiiuiiasii., hoj:i, faziil. 
Til luiy, (id. iJii-iuaquli se, beja,be-l. 

li:idd. 

riidiitcous, Uiidntifiil, a. iia-littkmi, 

Ma-faniian-!)ardar, sar-kash. 
I'lididat*', c. labraiui, hilorna. manj- 

zan b. 
rinluiary, a. laliartii, maujan, lah- 

rivji. 
Kinhilatotl a. lahar-sa, hilkore sa* 

iiiaiij ko manind. 
Uii(hiia(i<in, n. labar. liilora, Iiilkori 

iiiauj-zan. 
Uiidiihjtnry, r. mauj zan, lahratii, 

labriva. 
llncariH'd, a. bai^air iiiilinat ya lija- 

([at k(* basil Iciya bua. 
UiH'asy. a. In'-ijarar, bo-tab, be-kal, 

bo-aniui. 
Uneasily, ad. bo-aiV.nii se, beqarar, 

Un'«asino??, n. kucldi taklif ja dardi 

b;'-<iarari. 
UiMMlirviiig, a. +a»'aqqi na d. w., na- 

nasi]iat-i)aklisb. 
Unoniployod, a. khiM ya be-k&r, 

bo-sbngal, nui*;ittal. 
UiHMit angle, v. bainini ya diqqat se 

najjit d. 
Un<>(iual, a. na barabav. na-miiwafiq, 

adna, past, bo-insaf, gair-wajib. 
Un«'qualbd a. la-sani. be-misal, be- 

nazir, yakta. 
UiMM^ially. ad. na-lianiwari se, be- 
in safi so. 
Unorrable, a. kliati karnc ke nd- 

qai>il, miiqarr, bo-khata. 
Unorritig, a, bo-kbata, mnqarrar, 

yaqini. 
UncTiiugly, ad, bila-khata, nishan- 

anibizi so. 
Unescbewable, a, zariir, la-budd. 



UNP 



297 



UNF 



' -« Jnexampled, a. be-nazir, la-sani, 

be-iaisal. 

nexceptionable, a. bila-ta'arruz, 

naqabil-i-tiikrar, be-khata, be-aib. 
tJu except ion ably, ad. bild-ta'arruz, 

nu-qubil. 
XJnexeised, a. mahsiil se bari. 
TJacxecuted, a. na-karda, na-tamam 
: Xjn expected, a. na-gahan, yaka-yak 
^ XTnexpectedly, ad, yaka-)^ak, naga- 

liani se, ittifaqan. 
XJuexpcnsive, a. arziin, kam-balui, 

sasta. 
Unexperienced, a. na-tajriba, kham, 

na-waqif, na-azmuda kar. 
. Unexposed, a, poshida, makhfi, 
... . gupt, be-ilzam, bad-nami. 

tjnextended, a. bila-wus'at, be-miq- 

dar. 
Unfair, a, na-rast. na-saf, be-iman, 

na-ma'qiil. 
Unfairly, ad. be-insafi se, nd-rasti 
^ se, beja. 
% Unfnirness, n. na-rasti, bad-mu'am- 

alagi, be-imani, be-insafi. 
Unfaitliful, a. be-wafa, daga-baz, 

bad-'alid. 
Unfaithfully, ad. be-wafai ya kbiya- 

nat se, daga-bazi se. 
Unfaithfulness,, n. daga-bazi, be- 
wafai, khiyanat, chhal, fareb. 
Unfamiliar, a. be-rabt, gair-i-mamul, 

nd-raij. 
Unfashionable, a. be-rawaj, be-das- 

tur, be-chalan. 
Unfashionableness, n. be-rawaji, be- 
chalan i, be-waz'a-dari. 
Un fash ion ably, ad. rawaj ke na-mu- 

tabiq, be-riwaji, be-chalan. 
Unfashioned, a. be-daul, bad-usliib, 

bad-shakl. 
Unfasten, v. kholna, ukharna ya 

dhila k. 
Unfathered, a. be-padar. be-bap ka. 
Unfathomable, a. jiski thah na lag 

sake, athah. [ho. 

Unfathomed, a. jiski thah na-li gai 
Un featured, a. bad-nsliib bad-siirat. 
Unfeeling, a. be-hiss, be-hosh, be- 

rahm, be-dard, sang-dil. 
Unfeelingly^ ad. be-dardi se, sang- 



Unfeelingness, n. be-hissi, be-rah- 

mi, be-dardi. 
Unfelt, a. gair-i-mahsiis, na daryaft. 
Unfeigned, a. be-hila, rast, sadiq, 

sachcha. 
Un feign edly, ad. bila-riya, haqiqa- 

tan, albatta, sachai se. 
Unfellowed, a. be-nazir, la-sani, he- 
rn anind. 
Unfence, v. ghera tatti ya ot diir k. 
Unfetter, v. be-zanjir k., riha k., 

band-kholna. 
Unfilial, a. sar kash, na-farman- 

bardar, beta ya beti ke na-muna- 

sib. 
Unfit, a. na-laiq,- na-muwaliq, na- 

munasib. 
Unfitly, ad. nd-mnnasabat se, na- 

liyaqat-se. 
Unfitness, n. na-liyaqat, na-qabili- 

vat, na-durusti. 
Unfitting, a. na-raunasib, na-shais- 

ta, na-durust. 
Unfix, V. kholna, be-band-o-bast k., 

be-qarar k., nikalna, ukharna, 

raqiq k. 
Unfix^ed, a. awara, na-pac-dar, be- 
qarar, mutaraddid. 
Unfixedness, n. awiiragi, m'l-pile- 

dari, be-qarari. 
Unformed, a. bc-danl, be-dhab, na- 

sakhta, bad-shakl. 
Unfortunate, a. bad-bakht, kam- 

bakht, bad-nasib, musibat-zada. 
Unfortunately, ad. bud-bakhti se, 

kam-bakhti se, bad-nasibi se. 
Unfounded, a. be-bunyad, batil, be- 

hiida. 
Unframe, v. dhancha torn a, thath 

bigarna. 
Unfrequent, a. kam-yab, khal khul, 

kam. 
Unfrequent,. v. tark k., chhorna 

amad-raft-mauqiif k. 
Unfrequented, a. be-amad-raft, be- 

amad-o-shud. 
Unfriended, a. be-dost, be-dastgiri, 

be-kas, be-chara. 
Unfriendly, a. na-ashxvi-\s\vL:n%^^' 



UXH 



298 



UNI 



Unfruitful, a, be-faida, Lc-saniar, 

lisar. 
Uufumed, a. jis sc tlliUaU na uthe 

yd iia nikle. 
Unfunded, a. be-maya, bo-sar-maya, 

bina-punji. 
Unfurl, y. udherna, pasarna, kholnii. 
Un furnish, v, be-aisbab k., be-sa- 

nian k., utarnii. 
Unfuinihlied, a. bc-asbab, be-sa- 

man, khali, be-arasta. 
Ungainablo, a, na-munikin-ul-liu- 

siil, niilne kc naqabil. 
Ungain, Ungainly, a. bad-nunui, 

bhadda, be-nazukat, anari. 
Ungenerous, a. be-faiz, be-liimmatj 

najawan-mard, tang-cliaslim. 
Ungenial, a. na-niuwaiiq, na-fch:.ista. 
Ungenteol, a. nu-kliusli khulq, bad- 

atwar, na-muliazzab. 
Ungentle, a. na-mulaini, wabslii, 

duruslit. 
•Ungentlemanlike, a. bad-usliib, be- 

adab, be-saliqa. 
Ungilded, a. be-mulamma. [mi. 

Ungird, v. kamarband ya tang kliol- 
Unglove, V. dastana litarna, liuth 

ka moza litarna. 
Ungodly, a. na-khuda-tars, kliud>i- 
. dushman, be-din, gunah-gar. 
Ungovernable, a, sar-kasb, niiinh- 

zor, be-la^'am. 
Ungoverned, a. be-zabt-o-rabt, sar- 
kasb, be-lagaui, be-qaid. 
Ungraceful, a. be-dluib, be-zob, be- 

nazilkat, bad-sbakl. 
Ungracious, a. sbarir, be-nazukat, 

be-murawwat, na-gawar, na-maq- 

biil. 
Ungrateful, a. be-wafa, na-shukrgu- 

zar, kafir-i-ni'amyt, namak-ba- 

ram, be-ihsan. 
Ungratefully, n. nashukri se, be- 

wafai se. 
Unguarded, a. be-his-Ar, be liliaz, 

l)e-panah, gafil, be-fikr. 
Unguent, n. lep, marbam, momrau- 

ghan. 
Unhandsome, a. bad-siirat, na-ma- 

qul, kudaul, be-marawwat. 
Unhandy, a. be-dbab, na-maqiil, 
luitiri^ bad-surat, 



Unliappy. a. na-khusb, nil -shad, dil 

tang, bad-nasib. kaiu-bakht. 
Unharmed, a. be-nuqsun, n«-zarar 

rasitla. [sazgui. 

Un harmonious, a. besur, betal, iia- 
Unh<*allhfnl, Unhealtliy. a. natan- 

durust, bc-ariim, bimar, n:.-mu- 

watiij. [shimida. 

Unheard, a. ansnna, anjana, wi- 
tnheedy, «. be-lihaz, be-ihtiyat^ 

yaka-yak, niigahan. 
Unhewn, a, na-tarashida, ankata, 

sabut. 
Unhinge, i\ cliiil ya qabza ukhar- 

nj'i. hatana, gliabiana. 
Unholy, a. na-muqaddas, bad, »• 

bun, n..pak. 
Unhonoured, a, na-mukarram. na- 

nurazzani. 
Un]i()us(', V. boghar k., ghar se 

nikal d., uja nii, barbad k. 
Unhoused, a. be-khana, be-panah. 
Unhouscled, a. jo sliaklis mabapar- 

shad ke khane men sharik nft 

hua ho. 
Unhurt, a. be-chot, be-zakbm, be- 

sadnia, be-niKisan. 
Unhusk, V, chhilka utarna, bhiisi 

nikahni. 
Unicorn, n, gainda, gainra. 
Uniform, a. eksan, ekhi, barabar, 

hannviir. 
Uniformity, w. yak-sani, barabiri, 

ek rangi, mel, muwafaqat. 
Uniformly, a. hnrabari se, mel Be, 

yak-sani so, bila-tahdil. 
Unimpeached, a. be-dagh be-ilzam. 
Unimportant. (/. subuk. halka, na 

zariir. na-mufid, be-ftiida. 
Uninformed, a. bc-khabar, nadan, 

ahmaq, afsurda maliil. 
Uninhabitable, a. biid-o-bisb kame 

ke naqabil. 
Uninhabited, a, bo-baslinnda, nd- 

ai)ad, ghair sukiinat, ujar. 
Uninjured, a. be-nuqsan, be-zarar, 

na mazliim, sahi-o-salamat. 
Uninstructed, a. an-sikha, be-talim, 

miirnkh, na-dan, ahmaq. 
Unintelligible, a. be-saraajb, na- 

d&nista, mumtanaul fabm^ mii- 

rakb. 



[ 



I: 



UNL 



299 



UKM 



Uninterested, a. be-gluaraz, be-ala- 

qa, be-siid, be-fada. 
Uninterrupted, a, bila-fasila, berok, 

bila-naglia. 
Uninvestjgable, a. naqabil-i-taduruk 

ya taliqiq, naqabil-i-taftish. 
Uninvited, a. be-dawat, be-nauta, 

tiifaili, anbulaya, be-talab, na-kh- 

•wasta. 
Union, n. yagangi, jor, paiwastagi, 

mel, jog, ek-dili, ittifaq, ittihad, 

s an gam. 
Unique, a. yakta, la-sani, bemisl, 

taq, ekka. 
Unison, a. ek-sur, ham-awaz, ham- 

abang. 
Unison, n. ek-suri, bam-a-wazi, mel. 
Unit, n. ekai, ek, wabid. 
Unite, V, milana, jorna, babam k., 

milna, muttafiq b. 
Unitedly, ad. milke, ekdili se, itti- 
faq se. 
Unity, ?i. wabdat, tanbid, ekai, yi- 

ganagi, ittifaq, mel, ittisal. 
Universal, a. mutlaq, kuUi, jama'i, 

'alam-gir, jumla, tamam. 
Universality, n. kul-liyat, jumlagi, 

'alamgiri, baraagi. 
Universally, ad. bil-kull, kull-o-bum, 

dar-o-bast, *amaman. 
Universe, n, 'alam, trilek, kbalq-ul- 

lab, jumla-jaban, sansiir, dunya. 
University, n, madrasa-i-'azim. 
Unjust, a. nabaqq. be-insaf, gbair 

wajibi, gbair munsif, bedad, na- 

maqiil, be-ja. 
Unkind, a, be-sliafqat, be-mibr, na- 

mibrban, bc-dard, bc-rabm. 
Unkindly, a. kbiliif-i-tabi' y at, kbilaf- 

i-Vuiat, na-mihrbiini, besbafqat. 
Unkindly, ad. na-niibrhani se, be- 

sbafqati se, ziilm se, be-rabmi se. 
Unkindness, jz.na-niibrbani, be-mib- 

ri, be-slifqati, zulm. [k. 

Unknot, v. girab kbolna, be-girah 
Unknowing, a. nt'idan, anbujb, jabil, 

be-'ilim, be-waqiif, nji-waqif. 
Unknown, a. na-nialiim, gbair-ma- 

riif. anjan, na-niaslibur. 
Unlacp, V. dori kbolna, bandban 



1.1.^1, 



Unlatcb, v. billi kbolna, utbana. 
Unlawful, a. kbilaf-i-sbara, gh,air- 

jaiz, na-jaiz, baram. 
Unlawfully, ad. bila-sbara, nd-jaizi 

se,. baram -kari se. [jabil. 

Unlearned, a. ansikba, miirakb, 
Unless, a. agarna, bagbair, ilia, 

magar, jab-tak. [dan. 

Unlettered, a. be-'ilm, jabil, na- 
Unlevelled, a. na-bamwar, na-bara- 

bar, lincba-nicba.. 
Unlicensed, a. bila-'ijazat, be-parwa- 

na, be-bukm, be-cliittbi, be-sanad. 
Unlike, a. na-musbabih, amel, na- 

hamwar, muklitalif, khilaf-i-qiyas. 
Unlikely, a. na-gbalib, be-ibtimal. 
Unlimited, a. be-hadd, be-nibayat, 

gb air-muqarrar. 
Unlink, v, zinjir ki kari kbolna, 

kbolna, qaid se rib a k. 
Unlock,* V. qufl kbolna, hal k., ma- 

ni samajbna. 
Unlocked, a. nagahani, age se na- 

socbe ya najane bue. 
Unloose, v. kbol d., band se kbalas 

k., tukre-tukre b., purze-purze k. 
Unlovely, a. n.apiyara, badsiirat, na- 

dilbar. \^ti se. 

Unluckily, a, be-nasibi se,kambakb- 
Unlucky, a. kambakbt, manbus, za- 

biin. na-mubarak. 
Unmade, a. anbana, na-sakhta, be- 

sbakl, kbarab. 
Unmake, v. be-sbakl k., kbtirab k., 

mita d.. bigarna. 
Unman, v. na-mardk. yab., be-him- 

mat k., dil-torna. 
Unmanageable, a, be-zabt, sar-kash, 

be-lagam, be-qabii, mubal. 
Unmanaged, v. na-ram-sakbta, an- 

cbarba, na-banaya bua, na-nikala- 

bua. 
Unmanlike, Unmanly, a. na-marda- 
' na, na-mard, zanana. 
Unmannered, a. be-adab, bad-kbulq, 

be-mnrawwat, ganwar. 
Unmarked, a. be-nishan, gair-mal- 

biiz. 
Unmarried, a. an-biyaba, be-\\\kss!^^ 
n a-katklv\id?\. , T[\\v>^tvTT^$).. 



UNO 



noo 



CNP 



Unmeaning, a. bc-niani, anarlli. 
Uiinieasurablo, a, l)<.*-nkiq<lar. be-slin- 

niar, b-^-uiliayat, boanduza. 
Unin-.usuri'il, a. bo-sliunidr, bf-liisab, 

b(*-Miliayat. 
Unm»'lt<'il, a. angala. na-gudakbta. 
UiiHit ivit'iil, a, bo-rabui, sang-tlil, 

bo-sliafaqat. [ro. 

Unniorcit'uUy, ml. be-rabnii so, zulni 
UniiKiritoil, n, iia-lai»{. iia-s:jz:i, b<'ja. 
Unmimlt'iil, a. achol, b«*-lv.l»abar, b*'- 

liluiz. 
Unmiiigbni. a. klialis, I)e-nicl, gair- 

m ak 1 J 1 II t, n a-i'in n* U 1 1 a . 
Uninixotl. n, aii-uiilii, na-amcz, gair- 

niakhlut, sal*, pak. 
Uiiiiiolcstcd, a, nuimiztarib, bo-kba- 

lisb. [khohul. 

Unmoor, v, langar iitbana, kisliti 
Uniuovod, a. be-barakat, bc-sbafa- 

qat, bc-rabm, sabit-qadam, miis. 

taqil-niiziij, atal, na-n»aliriik, 
Unmuflb', V. gilaf kholna, libuf yti 

posbisb utarna, burqa yti gbi'in- 

gbat kbolna. 
Uniuusical, a, bo-siir, be-nagma, be 

ilbaij. 
Unnamod, a be nam, bo-kbitab, an. 

kali a, gair mazkdr. 
Unnatural, a. kbibif-i-iab'iyat, kbi- 

b'lf-i-a'dat, sakbta, na-tai>i'i. 
Unnaturally, ad. bar-Wiihif-i-tab'iyat 

ya adat. 
Unnavigaldo, a. na-qabil-i-jabaz- 

rilui, kisbti se amad-raft karno ke 

na-qabil. [k«». 

Unnecessarily, ad. bac^air-zarurat- 
Unnecessary, a, na-zarur, na-muqar- 

rar. 
Unneighbourly, a. na-muwafiq-bam- 

saya, kbilaf-i-bamsayagi. 
Unnerve, v. na-tawan k., bezor k., 

bimmat torna, za'if k. 
Unnumbered, a, angina, be-sbumar. 
Unobservable, a. an-dekba, na-dida. 
Unobservant, a. be-ilitiyat, gafil, 

be-libaz, na-muti. 
Unobstructed, a. anroka, be-atak, 

be-tir 
Un obtained, a. na-yafta, anpayd. 
Unobtrnsine, a. balim, salim, sh arm- 
gin, khajil. 



t:. 

I: 
I 



Unoccupied, o. gair mntasarraf yi 

mnqbuz, namasbgiil. kbali. 
rnoili'nding, a. bo-gunsUi, na-muzir, 

mi iizar-rasan. 
Unoppos»?d, cr. anroka, be-atak, be- 

ti% gair uiuzabamat. 
Unorthodox, a, gal at a^itiqud, maz- 

liab vii 'aqida ke nuikhalif. 
Un|)a(k, V gatbri yti basta kholni, 

bojb utjirnii. 
Un]i;iid, </. b«*-ada, anpata, na-wasiil- 

val'ia. 
I'm palatable, r/. bad maza, be-maza, 

n;i-gawar. 
Unparalleled, a. bo-nazir, la-6aiii> 

yakUi. 
Unpardonable, «. na-niumkin-fl^ 

nHfjif, na-'uzr-pazir, gair-ma'znr. 
Unparliamentary, a. qaunii mnjlis 

ke (puvii'id aur dastiirat ke bar- 

kbilaf. . [«1. 

ITnpeg, r. khiinte yu khiiuti se khol 
Unpeople, v. ujarnii, wiran k.,garatk. 
Unperceived, a. andekba, na-dida, 

na-manziir. 
Uni)erisbable, a. la-fiini, be-zawaL 
Unpet rifled, a. anpathraya, jo pat- 

tliar na hogavji ho. 
UnphiloKojdiieal. a. khilaf hikmat. I 
Un]Mn, V. kiinte yti sui kholna, sui- 

se kholnti. 
Un pinked, a. be-roshandan, be-sii- 

rakh. 
Unplaced, a. be-'uhda, be-jagah, be- 

thikana. 

« 

Unplagued, v. be-takhlif, khush. 
Unplanted, a. khud-ro, khud rusta, 

nalagayti hua. 
Unpleasant, a. na khush, bad, na- 

pasandida, nti-gawar. 
Unpleasantly, ad. na-khushi se, na, 

gawari se. 
Un pleasing, a. na-khushniid, na- 

gawar, na-pasand. 
Unpliant, a. be-lachak, na-mulaim 

sakht, kara. 
Unpoetical, a. gair muqaffa, na- 

niauziin, na-qabil-i-shar. 
Unpolished, a. a. be-jilu, be saiqal; 

na-tarashida. 
Unpolite, a. be-murawwat,bad-khulq 
Unpolluted, a, u4-'Uu<i«^) s4.^> \»tt:. 



UNR 



301 



UNS 



: .'"Unpopular, a. na-hardil-'aziz, na- 
si Wc.m piyara. 
k XTnportioned, a. be-dahez, be-jaliez, 
F be-malir. 

\ TJnpractisetl, a. na-azmiida-kar. 
J Unprecedented, a, be-nazir, be-misal 
\ anokh .. 
! Unprej udicate, a. gair-mail, na-taraf- 

p. '"Unprejudiced, a. gair-muta'ssib, sina 

Siif, nataraf-dar. 
Unpremeditated, a. be-pesli-bandi, 

befikr. 
Unprepared, a. nfi-tayar, na-?'rasta, 

gairmnstad, na-kamar-l'asta. 
■ "Unprepossessed, a. nu-ragib, be- 

ta'assub. 
? Unpretending, a. lialim, garib, be- 

gnriir. [k. 

Un priest, r. padri ke darje se kliarij 
Unprincipled, a. bad-zut, bad-niyat, 

bad-khaslat. 
Unprofitable, \ a. be-faida, be-nafa, 
■;• Unprofited, J gairnmfid,la-hasil. 
Un2>rotected, a. be-liimayat, na- 

malifuz, be-panah, be-say a. 
Un provide, a. be-sanian k., na-laiq k. 
Unpublic, a. po-shida, nu-mashhiir, 

gupt. 
Unpublished, a. na-maslihiir, na- 

z ihir; na chhopa gayu. 
Unpunished, a. be-saz.i, na-muazzab. 
Unqualified, a. na-niuwafiq, na-luiq, 

na-qabil, bila-taklif. 
Un queen, v, malika ke martabe se 

maziU k. 
Unquestionable, Unquestioned, a, 

bila-i'tiraz, be-shubha, muqarrar, 

be-shakk. 
Unravel, v. suljlianfi, kholna, ndher- 

na, hall k. 
Unrazored, a. bina-munra, munda 

nahin. 
Unread, a. na-khwanda, be-talim, 

anparha. 
Unreasonable, a. na-maqdl, gair- 
, wajil), beja, be-i'tidal. 
Unreave, v. na-phania, udherna, 

ukelna, suljhana. 
Unreceived, a. na-yafta, na-qabial. 



Unreconciled, a. na-milaya-gaya, be- 

tasfiya, na-hanidil. 
Unreflecting, a. be-lihaz, be-tadbir, 

gafil. 
Unregarded, a. be-i'tibar; na-dida, 

andekha, be-rishta, be-nisbat, be- 

'alaqa. 
Unrelenting, a. be-shafaqat, be- 

rahni, sang-dil. 
Unrepenting, a. be-pashemani, na 

tauba-kar, gair-nmtassif. 
Unreserve, n, be-takalluf, na-kashi- 

dagi, saf-dili. 
Unreserved, a. kamil, tamjlm, be- 

riya, saf-dil, kushada kliatir. 
Unresisting, a. be-niuzahiniat, bila 

rok-tok. 
Unresolved, a. na-mubaivan ; muta- 

raddid, he-qasd. 
Unrestrained, a. be-Ingam, be-zabt, 

be-qaid. 
Unreveaicd, a. na makshiif, na-ash- 

kara. poshida, chhipa hua. 
Unrevoked, a. gair-niansvikh, na- 

mardud. 
Unrewarded, a, be-ajr, be-mnzd, 

be-jaza, be-saza. [na. 

Unriddle, v. kholna, hall k., samjlia- 
Unrig, V. kishti ke rasse vrag kholna. 
Unrighteous, a. na-ra>-t. gair-siilih, 

be-nt'ko-kciri, gunah-gar. 
Unrighteousness, n. bad-kari, na- 

rasti. gunah-gari. 
Unripe, a. napukhta kachcha, khi'm. 
Unrivalled, a. bc-nazir, be-niisal, 

yagana, be-raqib. 
Unroll, I', udherna, kholna. 
Unroot, V. bekh-kani k., jar se khod- 

dalna. 
Unruffled, a. be-iztirab, sakin, sun- 

siin, ba-qarar. 
Unruly, a, be-lagam, be-zabt, sar- 

kash, munh-zor. 
Unsaddle, f. zin utar lena, he-zin k. 
Unsafe, a. na-amin, be salamat, 

khatar-nak. 
Un sanctified, a. na-muqaddas, gair- 

mutahhar, na-pak. 
Unsatisfied, a. na-raz, nd.-vv^xsA'i^- 

khatir, xv?k,-VLW^A, 

• 7 • 



Unreclaimed, a. bad-zat, wahshi/i Unsatisiaetoi*^, a. \v•c.-'5^*^^A,\^*«^^^^"^*^^^ 
duru^st; 22a I'ijvi ii «:/; bezabt, \ pasand. 



uxs 



302 



UNT 



Unsavoury, a. be-maza, bc-lazzat, 

be-zaiqa. 
Uusuy, V, bat-pliorn;'j yu ulatiisi. 
Unsaid, a. na-nuizkiir, na-gufta. 
Unseal, v. inulir tonia, mulir khol- 

na. 
Unsealed, a. bc-mulir. kliula. iigliara. 
Unsearchable, a. taftiijh se baliar, 

tahqiq se baliar. 
Unseasonable, a. be-waqt. be-niau- 

qa, be-ja, na-laiq, be-mausam. 
Unseemly, a. na sluiyasta, na-saza, 

na-maqiil,*na-munasib. 
Unseen, a. andekliii. na-clida, g«ib. 
Unserviceable, a. na-bakar, na-mu- 

fid. na-kara, nii-kam. 
Unsettled, a. bo-qarar, gair-i-mu'ai- 

yan, na-niuqarrar. tabdil-pazir. 
Unsox V. bar-kliilaf jins ka k. 
Unsbaken, a. be-jnnibisb, gair-miiz- 

tarib, mazbut, nuistaqill. 
Unvsliape, r. be-sliakl k., abtar k., 

dnrliam b.irliam k. 
Unslieatb, Unslieatlie, r. giU'if sc 

khincbna, uiiyan-se nikalna, nan- 

ga k. 
Unsheltered, a. be-panab, be-saya, 

be-bimayat. 
Unsbod, a. nange-panw, be-nal, be- 

knfsb. 
Unshorn, a. ankatra, an mnndi, na- 

tarasliida. 
Unsiij^htly, a, bad-numa, bad-siirat, 

karih-manzir. 
Unskilful, \^a, na-waqif, na-kar- 
Un skilled, j azmiida, na-shinas, 

be-hunnr, be-aql. 
Unsociable, a. na-ashnd-mizaj, khil- 

Tvat-iiasbin. 
Unsold, a. na-farokhta, an-bika. 
Unsolicited, a. na-darkbwasta, be- 

isti'da. 
Unsolicitous, a. be parjvab, be-an- 

desba. 
Unsophisticated, a. be-amezish, kha- 

lis; be riya. 
Unsought. *a. na-kbwasta, bila dar- 

kbwast. 
Unsown, a. an-boa, gair-mnzrii'a. 
Unsppfikable, a, na-guftani, na-qa- 

bil-i-taqrir. 
Unspcd, a. na-karda, na-kiya-bua. 



Unsj>ent. a. na masnif, na-mabzul; 

na-nvanda. [saf. 

Unspotted, a. be dag, be-aib, pak, 
Unstable, \ a, be-qarar, na-paedar, 
Unsteady, J be-qiyam, na-siibit, 

clianchal. 
Unstate, v. zjilil k., be-rutba k. 
Unstring, u. kboln4 iitarna, dbila, 

k., tar kbolnii. 
Unsubdued, a. na magliib, na>maq- 

lilir. na-niaftiili. 
Unsubstantial, a, be-wujiid; fani, be- 

mngz. 
Unsuccessful, a. na-kamyab, be- 

nia<isnd, na-murad. 
Unsuitable, a, nd-muwafiq na-laiq. 

n;i-nuinasib. 
Unsupported, a. be-madadgari, be- 

vari. 
Unsuspected, a. be-guman, gaix 

njuhtamal. 
Unsuspecting, a be-guman, be-ma- 

zanna. be-sbakk, be-sliubba. 
Unswear. v. qasam pborna, balf 

badalna. 
Un sweat v. mihnat ya kasrat ke 

bad arjini d. [qabu. 

Untamed, a. sar-kasb, wabshi, be- 
Un tasted, a. anchakba, na-cbasbida, 

be-jizniaish. 
Untauirht, a. na-muallam. be-talim, 

be-kliwanda, bin-parba. 
Untenable, a. be-qiyani, gair-i-mus- 

tabkam. [nidar. 

Unterrified, a. be-bak, be-parwaU, 
Unthankful, a. uji-baqq-sbinas, na- 

sip:;S, be-murawwat, be-sbukr. 
Un tin n king. a. be-fikr, be-andesba, 

g.fil, be-lihaz. 
Untbought of, a na-andesbida, na- 

gabz.ni, yaka-yak, nadanista. 
Untie, V. kholna, aqd kholna, ball k. 
Until, a. jabtak, jablag, tu, batta, 

jabtak ki. 
Untimely, a. be-waqt, be-zaman, be- 

mauqa. 
Unto, j)rep. ko. ke-tain, ke-pas. 
Untoucbed, a. ancbhuM, nd-raamsiis; 

be-sbafaqat, sang-dil. 
Untoward, a, ziddi, sar-kasb, magra; 

mukhalif, bad-numji, bad-shakV 

dusbwar. 



UNW 



:' TJn tractable, a. be-zabt, be-lagam, 

sar-kash. [rab. 

Untried, a, na-azmiida, gair-mujar- 
Untroubled, a. be-iztirub, nu-ranjida, 

asiida-hal. 
Untrue, a. na-rast, jhiitba^ be-wafa. 
Untwist, I i;. udlierna, suljhana, 
Untwine, j pech kholn-i, liall k. 
Unusual, a. be-qaida, be-dastiir, be- 

riwcij, gair-mamul. 
Unutterable, a. na-guftani, be- 

bayan, na-qabil-i-taqrir. 
"Unvalued, a. be-qadr, be-baha, besli- 

. qimat. 
X)n vanquished, a, nu-magliib, ajit, 

na-niuiukin-i-shikast, bahadur. 
Unvaried, a, be-tabdil, be-tagaiyur, 
^ guir-mutalawwin, muqarra, mus- 

talikam 
Unveil, v. be-liijub k., diklilana, 

kliolna, be-parda k., z.hir k. 
Unviolated, a. na-nxazluin; na-man- 

sukli. an-tiita. na-sliikasta. 

I • • • 

\ Unwarily, a, be-khabari se, g.vfilan. 
Unwarrantable, a, na-jaiz, na-muna- 

«ib. 
Unwarrantableness, n, na-munas- 

bat, na-durusti, mukhalafat-i- 

shar'a. 
Unwarranted, a. be-i'jazat, be-sanad. 

gair-wajib. 
Unwary, a, be-ilitiyut, be-khabar, 

gcifil. 
, Unwashed, a. andhoa, na-shusta, 

na-saf, mailu. 
Un wasting, a. la-zawal, kam na 

hone w., na-ghatne w. 
Unweaponed. a. be-hatliiyar, be- 

harba, ni-hatta. 
Unweary, v. niandagi ke bad aram d. 

ya taza k., thakawat ke picLhe 

tliandha k. 
Unweariod, a. gair-manda, na-thaka 

hua. 
Unweave, v. udherna, ukelna, sul- 
jhana, kholiia. 
Unwed, a. mujarrad, be-nikah, an- 

byalia. 
Unwedgeable, a, jo pachchar se na- 

phat sake. 



303 



UPB 



Un weighed, a. taula na-hua, gaur 

na kiya gaya, be-azmaish. 
Unweighing, a. be-tadbir, be-ihtiyat, 

be-lihaz. 
Unwelcome, a. na-pasand, na-gawar, 

na-dil-pazir, jiska istiqbal ba- 

khiibi na huu ho. 
Unwholesome, a. na-sihliat-awar, 

muhlik, muzirr, mukhill, khnib. 
Unwholesomeness, n. na-sihhat- 

awari, na-muwafaqat. 
Unwieldy, a. 'azim, qadd-awar, ja- 

sim, wazni. 
Unwieldily, a. wazn-se, dushwari ya 

diqqat se. [[nm. 

Uuwieldiness, n, wazn-dari, bhari- 
Unwilling, a. na-raz, na-khush, kam- 

shauq. 
Unwillingly, ad, be-dili se, na-khu- 

shi se, na-kliushniidi se, karhan, 

na-khwah. 
Unwillingness, n. be-dili, na-khush- 

niidi, na-khushi. 
Unwind, v. udherna, ukelna, ainthan 

ya bal khohia. 
Unwit, V, be-aql k., be-wuqiif k., 

ahmaq kar-dena, 'aql se kharij 

kar-dena. 
Unwithstood, a, be-rok, hina-roktok. 
Unwittingly, ad. na-dani se, na-da- 

nista, bagair jane-piichhe. 
Unwived, a, be-joru, be-bibi. [k. 
Unwoman, v. aurat ki khassivat dur 
Unwonted, a. gair-i-ma'mul, be-nas- 

tiir, be-rawaj, nadir, be-rabt, be- 

'adat. 
Unwontednoss, n, be-rawaj i, be- 

rabti, be-dastiiri. 
Unwreath, Unwreathe, v. kholna, 

bal-kholna, udlierna. 
Unwritten, a, na-nawishta, zabani, 

sad a. 
Unyielding, a. na-dabne w., mazhiit 

sakht, ziddi.- 
Unyoke, v. jiie se khol[d., jiia utar 

d., alag k. [band. 

Unzoned, a. be-patka, bc-kamar- 
Up, ad. linche, upar, niche se lipar 

ko utha, jaga, bichhaune-se-utha- 

hua, sajawat-?!.e. 



VAL 



30G 



VAP 



V. Angrezi liuriif taliajji kd bais- 

wan barf. 
Vacate, v, niansiikb k., batil k., 

radd k., kbali k., qabza ya dakbl 

cbbornti. 
Vacant, a. kbali, tibi, be-sbugbl, 

inu'attal, gair-i-maqbuza, azad, 

be-kbabar, gbafil. 
Vacancy, n. kbala, kbalii, kbali'ub- 

da, fursat, faiagbat, be-sliugbli, 

waqfa, mublat, ta*til, kabili. 
Vacation, n. waqfa, naga, mublat, 

fursat, zamana-i-faragbat. 
Vacillate, v. pas-o-peab k., bais- 

bais k.. be-qarar b., dagmagana, 

satb-pancb k. 
Vacuate, v. kbali k., mansiikb k., 

radd k. 
Vacuist, n, mauHaqid-i-kbala, kbala 

ka qail. TJ^Kab. 

Vacuity, n, kbaU ya kbulii, kbuli 
Vacuous, a. kbali, tibi. [ja<,nib. 

Vacuum, n. kbabi, kbuld, kbali 
Vagabond, n. aubasb, bad-bawai, 

luqqa. 
Vagabond, a. kam-cbor, awara, diin- 

wiindol. bar-jai. 
Vagary, n. kbiyal, mauj, kiicba- 

gardi. 
Vagrant, w. sbobda, rind, awara, 

bar-jai, be-qarar. 
Vagrant, a. awara, kiiclia-gard, kbai- 

rat-kbor, be-qarar. 
Vague, a. gair muaiyan, n a -malum, 

bar-jai. 
Vain, a. dimagbi, magbriir, klmd- 

farosb, bi-basil, raigan, be-fuida, 

be-biida, batil. 
Vaiu-glorious, a. laf-zan, kalla-zan- 

sbekbibiiz. 
Vain-glory, n. laf-zani, sbekbi, 

jbutlia fakbar. 
Vainly, ad. be-faida, be-biidagi se; 

laf-zani se, sbekbi se. 
Valance, n. jbalar jo palang ke gird 

lagate bain. 
Vale, n. nicbi zamin, wadi, nicban, 

do pabiir ke bicb ki zamin, gbati. 
Valentine, w. masbuq ya 'ashiq ki 

taraf se bboja bua khatt. 



Valet, n. khidmat-gar, naukar, th 

kar. 
Valetudinarian, n. zaif-ul-bunya 

daim-ul-marz, sada ya janam ro 
Vuliauce, n. dileri, jawan-mar 

sbujaa, babaduri. 
Valiant, a. diler, babadur, mazbd 

sbujaat, jawan-mard. 
Valiantly, a. dileri se, babaduran 

sbujaat se. 
Vali<l, a. qaira, mustabkatn, ustnwaTj 

mazbiU, duruHt, pakka, sahib. 
Validity, n, yaqini, istabkam, ustu- 

war. mazbiiti. rasti. 
Valley, n. nicban, gbati, wadi, daiTa, 

do paba. ke bicb ki zamin. 
Valour, n, mazbiiti, dileri, mar- 
dan a gi. [bir. 
Valorous, w. diler, sbujaa. bahadur, 
Valuable, a. qimati, be-baba, zi 

qadr, aziz, garan-maya. 
Value, n. qimat, mol, m4bat, qadr, 

saman. 
Value, r. mol k., qimat tbahrana, 

ankna, aziz janua, cbabna, man 

na. qadr k. 
Valve, 71. kiwari, kbirki, dbakni. 
Van»p, n. jiUe ke lipar ka ebaiiira- 
Vamp, V. marammat k,, ga5\l* 

Kuntb kar nay a banana. 
Van, n, fauj ka mubra, barawal, 

agaii; gari. 
Van-courier, n. pesb ran. 
Vane, n. bad-numa, pharabra. 
Vant!:uard, n. barawal, mubva, talia- 
Vanilla, n. ek qism ka kbusb-bii-d&r 

per. 
Vanisb, v. alopna, kufiir ya gaib 

bojana, urjanu, jatarabna, chain- 

pat b. [bebiidagi. 

Vanity, n, jbiitba-fakbar, sbckM, 
Vancjuisb, v. jitna, torna, sbikast 

d., dabana, magbliib k., fatab k. 
Vantage, n, buzurgi, bartari; nafa, 

faida. 
Vantage-ground, n. mufid-mauqa, 

faida-mand jagab ya balat. 
Vapid, a. be-maza,' pbika, beras, 

be-jan, be-sat, sitba. 
Vapour, n. bukbar, bbapb, diid, 

gliiibar, baul-dil, man-mauj, kbam 

kbiyal. 



VAU 



307 



TEN 



, V. laf-zani k., khud faroshi 
ikliar ki siirat men u a d. 
e, a. nuitbaddil, mutlawwin, 
italif, mutgaiyur, be-qarar, 
.ediir. 

'0, n, ikhtilaf, aks, zidd, ibut 
fat, fitua. 

, V. tabdil k., badal dalna. 
:)n, n. tabaddul, tagaiyur, er- 
pher-phtir, farq. 
ite, V. abri k., biiqalamiin k., 
£(iiu k., ranga-rang k. 
Liioii, n. ranga-rang, bu- 
ll n, giina-gun. 

, n. farq, tarah-batarah, 
>bhant, anwa'-o-aqsam, qism 
ism, raqam-raqam, tajawnz, 
If. [be-niel k. 

V, taddil k., mnkhialif k., 
I, a. nmifarriq, juda-iu«ia, 
italif, mun-qasira, guna-giin. 
ly, ad. anwaa-tarah se, 
italif tarah se. 

n, badzat, badnafs, qurram- 
paji-admi, shulida; naukar, 
ir, muljizim. 
I, n. luk, raughaw. 
1, V. luk charhana. raugan k., 
utd pbenia, chiknana, kalap- 
a, ran gin k., takbfif k., 
k. 

y. ranga-rang k., badal d., 
I k., pherna, mukhtaiif h., 
rah h., tajawuz k. [bdt. 

ir, a. pur-rag, rag-dar, inaz- 
. bartan, zarf; zinat, zeb. 

w. asami, rai'yat, parja, 
sta, ghulam. 

Lge, n, gliulami, tabi'dari, 
iti. 

'^asty, a. bara, azim, wasi', 
, bahut, ba-ifrat, la-intiha, 
.dd. 

a. nihayat, ziyada, gay at. 
is, n. kushadagi, wus'at, kas- 
iyadati. 

hauz, chah-bachcba, kund. 
ate, V, pesh-goi k., gbaib ki 
atlana. 

I. gumbaz, qubba; tab-kha- 
gar; rauza, muqbara; kiid, 



Vault, «?. kiidna, uchakna, pliandno, 

kahibazi k. gir paina; mibrab ya 

qubba banana. 
Vaulted, Vanity, a. gumbaz-dar, 

qubbe-dar, mihrab-dar. 
Vaunt, V. laf-o-gazaf marna, Ufzani 

k., shekhi mama, Iambi chauri 

hankna. [shekLi. 

Vaunt, n. laf-o-gazaf, khud-faroshi, 
Vavasour, n. bich ke darje ka 

zamindar ya patte-darl 
Veer, v. pliirna, gliiimna, badalna. 
Vegetable, n. nabatat, sabzi, taikari. 
Vegetable, a. nabatati. 
Vegetate, v. jamna, nikalna, baihna. 
Vegetation, n, nabatat ki balidagi, 

namii, barh, nabatat, roidagi. 
Vegete, a. mazbiit, qavi, chalak. 
Vebemence, Vebemency, n, shiddat, 

sakhti, zor, tundi, tezi, dhiim, 

galaba. 
Vehement, a, shadid, sakht, kara, 

tez, tnnd, garm, gazab-nak. 
Vehicle, n. sawari, bar-bardari, mar- 

kab, wasila. 
Veil, V. burqa' d«alna, ghiinghat k., 

dhanpna, chhipaiia, miindna. 
Veil, w. burqa*, niqab, parda, ghiin- 

ghat; bhes, libas. 
Vein, n. rag, nas, dhang, mizdj, 

subhao, sirat. 
Velocity, w. tezi, jaldi, tundi, tez- 

rawi, 'njalat. 
Velvet, w. makhraal. 
Venal, a. zar-dost, kharida-hud, su- 

khan-farosh, zarparast. 
Venality, «. bukhan-faroshi, zar-pa- 

rasti.. 
Vend, V. bechnd, farokht k., bai'k. 
Vendee, n. mushtari, kharidar. 
Vender, Vendor, w. faroshinda, bech- 

ne w. 
Venerable, a. mukarram, mn'azzaz, 

buzurg. 
Venerate, v. manna, pi!ijna. tazim \, 

hurmat k., i'zzat k. 
Veneration, n. ikram, takrim, ai'zuz, 

tazim, tauqir. 
Venereal, a. kami, nafsani, shah- 

"wati, garmi-mansiib. 
Venery, w. shikar; mubdsharat, suh- 

bat, jima'. 



VER 



308 



VER 



Venesection, n. nashtar-zani, fasd- 

kholud. 
Veuge, V, 'iwaz d., intiqdm lend, 

badla lend., saza d. 
Vengeance, n. intiqam, badla, bair, 

mukafat, afat, saza. 
Venial, a. wajib-ul-afii, cbhima jog. 
Venison, n. biran k4 gosht, niirg 

mans. [bughz. 

Venom, n. zabr, samra, bis, kina, 
Venom, «. zahr aluda k. 
Venemous, a. zabri, zahr-dar, miizi, 

muzirr. 
Vent, n. sans clihed, siirakb, izhar, 

bol, talaffuz, bawa ke liye rah. 
Vent, V. zahir k., kabna; bechna, 

kbolna, chborna, nikalna, babar- 

kar dena. 
Ventail, n, kbod ya mighfar ka wob 

bissa jisse dam leto bain. 
Venter, n. sbikam, zib-dan, rihm, 

ki\kb; zubir k., w. 
Veutiate, v. bawa se tbandha k., 

bawa-dar k. [bad-kasbi. 

Ventiktion, n. bawa-sazi. bawa-dibi, 
Ventilator, n. bad-ka»b, pankba. 
Venture, v. bimmat k., jurat k., 

bamraat bandbna, jokbim utliana, 

qismut-azmai k., was-wase men 

dalna. 
Venture, n. khatra, jokbim, aseb, 

nasib-azmai, bbag, nasib, bazi. 
Venturesome, Venturous, a. sabib- 

i-bimmat, deler, janbdz, qismat- 

azraa, mardana. 
Venue, n. qurb, paros, jawar. 
VenuR, n. zubra, nubid, sulcra. [go. 
Veracious, a. imandar, sadiq, rast- 
Veracity, n, sacbai, rasti, sadaqat, 

rast goi. 
Verb, n, lafz, fi'l. 
Verbal, a, zab^ni, munb-bola, mut- 

taalliq-i-ii'l. 
Verbally, ad. lafzon men, zabani, 

lafz-ba-lafz. 
Verbatim, n, lafz-ba-lafz, barf-ba- 

barf, lafzi. 
Verberate, v. murna, tbonkna, sazad. 
Verbose, a. tiil-kalam, tiil-tawil, zi- 

yada-go. 
- Verdant. «• sabz, bard, tar-o-taza, 

gar-sab2; sbadab. 



Verdict, n. tajwiz, bicblir, infisaf^ 

fatwa, qaz, hnkm.. 
Verdigris, w. zangur, tanbe ka mo 

cba. 
Verditure, n. saonla rang. 
Verdure, n. sabzi, sarsabzi, b 

pan, sbadabi. 
Verecund, a. baya-ddr, sharm-gi 

sbarm-ndk. 
Verge, n. cbbari, qamcbi; lab^ 

kinara; tir, bar, hadd. 
Verge, r. jbukna, dbalna, mail h., 

pabuncbna. 
Verger, n. asabar-dfir, cbob-d^. 
Verification, n. tasdiq, isbat^ tasbiTi. t 
Verify, v, sabit k., mubaqqaq k, 

niazbiit k., qaim k., ra«t tbarana. 
Verily, a. waqa'i, sacb, filwaqa, ya- 

qinan. '[honliar. 

Veri-similar, a. rdst-numa, mumto, 
Veritable, a, sacb, durust, rast. 
Verity, w. sacbai, rasti, haqiqat. 
Verjuice, n. jangli seb wg. ka a'raq. 
Vermicel, n. sewain, kirmani-gan- 

dum. 
Vermicule, n, kirmak, kiri, kifi. 
Vermilion, n. sbangarf, ingor, Bin- 

dur, slianjarf. 
Vermin, n, miiziyat, kire makore, 

kire patange, sab qism ke muzi 

j an war. 
Verminate, v. kire-makore paida k. 
Venacular, a. desi, mulki, watani, 

bbaka. 
Vernal, a. babari, basanti, sabz. 
Vemant, a. sar-sabz, tar-o-taza, pb^- 

la bud, bara. 
Versatile, a. baft-rang, mntalaw- 

win, tabdil-pazir, be-qarar. 
Versatility, w. baft-rangi, tagaiyur, 

be-qarari, tabdil-paziri. 
Verse, n. misr*a, tuk, sbai'r, nazm, 

fard, ay at, maqala, bait, bahr. 
Versed, a. kar-dan, azmMa-kar, rasa, 

mabir. 
Versification, n. kabitai, qafiya-bandi, 

sba'iri, ariiz. 
Versify, v, nazm k., bait banana, 

nazm men bay an k. [raw. 

Version, ». tarjuma, tabaddul, phi- 
Vert, n, sabzi, sabzrang-cbiz. 
Vertebral, a. rirb se mutaalliq. 



VIB 



809 



VIE 



fyertebre, n. rirli ka jor. 

"Vertex, n. qulla, samt-ur-ras, choti. 

Vertical, a, sirparka, simt-iir-rusi, 

sab se lipar ka, mustaqim. 
Vertignious, n. sargar-dan, gliiimne 

w., phirne w. 
Vertigo, n, danran-i-ear, ghumri, 

sauda, gumta.. [qin. 

I Very, a. each, rdst, haqq, wuhi, ya- 
IVery, ad, balmt, bar a, ziyada, hadd, 

niliayat. 
Vesicate, v. abila parna, pliaphola 

h., phulna, Kiijna. 
Vesicle, n. pbaphola, chhala, abila. 
"Vesper, n. zulira, nahid, sukra, 

sham. 
(Vespers, ». namaz-i-sham, namaz-i- 

magrab, sandhya-piija. 
Vespertive, a. sham ka, sanjh kL 
Vessel, w. pipa, bartan, basan, zarf, 

dan; nali, nai; jahaz, kishtl, ndw. 
Vessel, V. kisi zarf y a pipe men rakhna. 
Vest, n. jdma, angarkha, kurta. 
Vest, V. pahinana, sanwarna, khilat 

d., tasarruf k., qabiz k., nazil h. 
Vestibule, n. dewrhi, dihliz, barotha, 

chaupar. 
Vestige, n. naqsha-i-pa, nishan, 

pata, 'alamat. 
Vestment, ) n. poshak, libas, posh-' 
Vesture, J ish, jama, kapre. 
Veteran, n. jang-azmiida, nabard- 

4zmtida,kdr-azmMa; purana sipahi. 
Veterinarian, n, charpaon ka tabib. 
Vex, V. chhenia, diqq k., khisyana, 

khijana, tasdi'a d., sat^na, tang k. 
Vexation, n. taklif, halaki, tasdi'a, 

dukh, diqqat, sar-dardi, azurdagi, 

ranjidagi. 
Vexatious, a, azardih, dukhdai, dil- 

kharash, ranj-awar, taklif-dih, 

miizi. 
Vial, n. shishi, chhoti botal. 
Viand, n, bhojan, khana, pakaya 

hiia gosht, taam. 
Viary, a. rah men waqi' h. w., ya 

zahiir men ane w. 
Viaticum, n» tosha-i-rah, zad-i-rah; 
rasmen jo qaribul-marg shakhs ke 
haqq men ada ki jati hain. 
Vibrate, v, lahkana, thartharana, 
hilana, jhuland; jhiimnd. 



Vibration, n. tharthari, tirniiriihat, . 

jumbish, kanp-kanpi. 
Vicai, n, qaim-maqam; imam. 
Vicarage, n. imam ka makan. 
Vicarious, a. jiinasbin, qaim ma- 

qam. 
Vice, w. badi, burai, zabiini, aib, 

shararat, nuqs, khot, apradli; 

ahani shikanja,qabza, panja, giiift; 

jokoi sardar ka qaim-maqtim yii 

naib hokar kam kare. 
Vice-admiral, n. naib-i-mir-balir, 

jangi jahazon ka doyam sardtir. 
Vice-agent, n. mukhtar, gunuishta, 

naib. 
Vice-chancellor, n. Inglistan ki sab 

se baii adalat ka doyam hakim, 

daru-l-'ilm ka doyam hakim. 
Vicegerent, w. qaim-maqam, naib, 

ja-nisliin. 
Viceroy, w. siiba-dar, nazim, naw- 

Wab. 
Vicine, Vicinal, a. nnzdik, qarib. 
Vicinity, n. jawtir, qarabat, qurbat, 

nazdiki. 
Vicious, a. 'aibi, 'aibdar, badfi'al, 

sharir, fasid, be-qaid, badkho, 

bad-zat. 
Vicissitude, n, naubat, bari, dao, 

tagaiyur, tabdil, pher, inqiJab, 

dauran. 
Victim, n. qurban, bal, nauchhawar, 

tasadduq, fida. 
Victor, n. galib, gazi, fatihmand, 

firoz-mand, zafar-yab. 
Victorious, a. fatihyiib, faiq, firoz- 

mand, galib, zafar-yab. 
Victoriously, ad, fatih-mandi se, 

zafar se. 
Victory, n. fatih, galba, firoz, nus- 

rat, zafar, fauqiyat. 
Victual, V. sidha bhejna, rozi d., 

tosha hharna, khane pine ki 

chizen d. 
Victuals, n, khan^, sidha, rasad, 

bhojan, taam, khorak, tosha. 
Victualler, n, rasad ka daroga, mo- 
di, banjara, nan-bai. 
Vie, r. zidd k., fakhar k., hamsari 
k., barabari k., dekha-dekhi k., 
raqib h. [nazar k. 

View, v. dckhna, takna, niguh k., 



VIL 



310 



VIO 



View, V. nigah, nazar, drisliti, tlidar, 
lihdz, niadd-i-nazar, numaisli, 
izltar, matlab, garaz. 

Vigil, n.janamaz; chauki, be-khwabi, 
jag, sliab-bedari, naniaz-i-sliab, 
piija, kisi tewhar ke pesbtar ka roz. 

Vigilance, Vigilancy, n. bedari, kha- 
bardari,ho8b-yari,ihtiyat,jaganin. 

Vigilant, a. bedar, khabar-dar, bosh- 
yar, cliaukas. 

Vignetto, n. pliiil patte ki taswir 
jo kitab ke sar-i-lauh par . banai 
jati hai. 

Vigorous, a. zor-awar, shahzor, qawi, 
zabardast, ustuwar, bali. 

Vigorously, ad. inazbiiti-se, sliah- 
zori-Be, taqat se. 

Vigorousness, n. zor, taqat, quwwat, 
tawdnai. [tab. 

Vigour, n, zor, quwwat, bal, taqat, 

Vile, a, qabili, haqir, paji, kamina, 
zalil, past, be qadr, dun, karib, 
najis, nakara, nicb. 

Vilely, acL zillat se, kaminagi se, 
qabih karih ya fab i si i a taur so. 

Vileness, n. kaminagi, zillat, kbiffat, 
khwari, biqarat, be-qadri, sillagi. 

Vilify, V. zalil haqir qabili ya kba- 
fif k., past subuk ya be-abrii k., 
aib-laganii, bura-kalma. 

Vilipend, v, hiqaratkc satb suliikk., 
haqir janna. 

Vilipendency, n. hiqarat, khififat. 

Vill, n. chlioti basti, mauza. 

Villa, n. makan, qasr, kakh, ghar. 

Village, n. ganw, basti, khera, mau- 
za, dih. 

Villager, n. dihqani, ganwar. 

Villagery, «. dib, ganw, purwa. 

Villatic, a, dihi, dibati, ganw ka. 

Villain, n. zalil asami, naukar, mu- 
lazim, bad-zat, namak-haram, sha- 
rir admi. [lami. 

Villanage, n. bad-zati, shararat, gu- 

Villanize, v. zalil k., khafif k., past 
k., be-qadr k., tuhmat lagana. 

Villnnizer, n. zalil past khafif be- 
qadr ya subuk k. w. 

Villanous, a. kamina, zalil, p4ji, 
diin, sbarir, badzat, haram-z^da, 
bad-kar, fasadi, daga-baz, namak- 
haram. 



Villanously, ad, danaat zillat khif- 

fat ya kaminagi se. 
Villany, n. kaminagi, zillat, khiffat, I 

danaat, shararat, haram-zadagi, I 

daga-bazi. [rnkha. i 

Villous, a. jhanriila, kbuikhura, 
Vincilde, a. magliib hone ke qabil, 

mumkin-ul-fatha. 
Vindicable, a mumkin-ul-taid push- 

ti-pazir, 'uzr-pazir. 
Vindicate, v. taid k., mnbarra k., 

pak k., durust thalirana, be-'aib 

sabit k.. badla-lend, saza d. 
Vindication, n. tdid, pushti, 'uzr- 

paziri, rast-bazi. 
Vindicative, a. rawa-dar. mujawwiz, 

taid k. w., mubarra k. w., badli 

lene w. 
Vindicative, a. kin-war, kina-kash. 

intiqam-kash, bugzi, badlalene^, 
Vindicatively, ad. kina-kasbi se, 

kina-wari se. 
Vindicativeness, n. kina-wari, kina- 
kasbi, bugz, hasad. 
Vindicatory, a. saza dih, saza d. w. 
Vinaceous. a. angiiri sbarab, ya 

angiiron ke muta'alliq, angiir- 

mansiib. 
Vine. n. darakht-i-angiir, angiirka 

darakht, tak. angiir ka per. 
Vined, a. angiir ke darakht ki pat- 

tiyon se mushabahat rakhne w. 
Vinous, a. angiiri-shardb-sifat. 
Viny, a, angur ke darakhton se 

bhara-bud. 
Vindemiate. v. ek mausim ya fasl ke 

angur jam' k. 
Vinegar, n. sirka, khall. [giir. 

Vineyard, n. anguristan, bag-i-an- 
Vinolent. a sharabi, mai-khor. 
Vintage, n, ek mausim yd fasl ke 

angur. angur j am'a-karno ka waqt. 
Vintner, n. angiiri-sharab farosh, 

kalar kalwar. 
Viol, Violin, n. bin, sdrangi. rabdb. 
Violinist, n. sarangi-nawaz, sarangi 

ya bin bajane w. 
Violoncello, n. bari sirangi, bar 

bin. 
Violate, V. nuqsan k., ziyan k., kha- 

rab k., faskh k.. na-pak k.. aluda 

k., bikr-torna, hurmat-lena. 



k 



YIR 



311 



YIS 



I, n, parda-dari, zina-ba- 
ak ko na-pak k., shikasta- 

kh. 

• 

n. fasikh, tor dalue w., 
dar. 

, n. zor, shiddat, ziilm, za- 
sti, sitam, zijadati, sina 
lur, jafii, sitam-gari, gazab, 
i, jabi\ tundi, garnii, sar- 

dil-sozi. 

a. sliadid, tez, timd, zor- 

diah-zor, zabar-dasti, zalim, 

11 ak. 

r, ad. ba-zor, ba-sbiddat, 

t sakbti ya tundi se. 

. banafslia, iiafarman. 

af'i, ek qism ka sanp, bhn- 

?. aiirat jo jangi ya mubariza 

ndi, la anki. 

in, a, us aurat ke muta'al- 

jaiigi ya mubariza bo. 

n. git, niasnawi yti qasida. 

[. sabz, sar-sabz, tar-o-taza, 

'pan. 
n. sabzi, sar-sabzi, bara- 
n. ek parclia-i-zamin jo 

•ab ekar se lekar clialis ckar 

a karta bai. 

I. b{ikira, dosbiza, kuanri. 

r. bakirana, dosbiza ke laiq, 

a^in, baya-dar, pak-daman, 

I. 

, a. bakira man sub ya muta'- 

•dosliiza, bakirana, dosbiza 

b 

r, 71. bikr, dosbizagi, kunara- 

. sunibula. kanya. 

a. mard-sifat, mansiib-ba- 

1. mardi, quwwat-i-tawal'lud. 

it-i-bah. 

. liuuar-dosti, 'ilm-pasandi, 

i-'uhnn-o-funun. 

a. asli, zati, baqiqi. 

ty, 71. tasir, quwwat, zor, 

f, ad. dar-asl, fil-baqiqat, 
u, fil-waqi'. 

I, V. muassir k., qawi k., 
un k., iLorawar k. 



Yirtue, n, neki. nikoi, nek-kbaslati, 

jaubar, bunar, dawai ki sifat, khas- 

siyat, wasf, quwwat, taqat, zor, 

dbarm, punn. 
Virtueless, a. gun ab -gar, 'aibi, 'aib- 

dar, be-wasf, be-faida, papi. 
Virtuous, a. din-dar, kbuda-tars, 

pakiza, qawi. nek, kbiib, khasa, 

nek-bakbt, nek-klio, nek-kbaslat, 

nek-kirdar, nek-nibad^ nek-zat, 

nek-tinat. 
Virtuously, ad. neki se, kbiibi se, 

din-dari se, wafa-dari se, iman- 

dari se. nek-bakbti se. 
Virtuousness, n. neki, iman-dari, 

nek-bakbti, nek-tmati, p,Mk-d?i- 

mani. 
Virulent, a. zahri, zabr-nak, sammi, 

zabr-aliida, bad-kliwab, bad-an- 

desb, kina-war, kina-kasb. 
Virulence, Virulency, n. bad-kbwa- 

bi, bad-gumani, sakbti, tezi. 
Virulented, a. zabr-aliida, zabr-dar, 

zabr se bbard bua. 
Virulently, ad, bad-kbwabi bad- 

andesbi bad-gumani ya sakbti se. 
Visage, n. cbibra, rue, manzar, 

mukb, miii^b. [zar-dar. 

A^isaged, a. cliibra-dar, rii-dar, man- 
Viscc^ral. a. roda-mansiib, muta'al- 

liq-i-antri, mulaim, narm. 
Viscid, a. cbaspan, lu'ab-dar, cbip- 

chipa, las-dar. 
Viscidity, n. cbaspidagi, lu'ab-dari. 
Viscosity, n, cbipcbipahat. 
Viscous, a, cbipcbipa, laslasa. 
Viscount, n. ek amiri kbitab jo Arl 

ke 'ain nicbe bo(a bai. 
Visible, a. mumkin-ul-nigab, dekb 

parne ke qabiJ, asbkara, zabir, 

sarib. 
Visibility, n. dekb parne ki liyaqat, 

mumkin-ul-nigalii, imkan-i-zubiir, 

naniiidari. 
Visibly, ad. zabiran, sarib an. 
Vision, n. quwwat-i-bjisira, nazar, 

nazira, nanmd, basarat, binai, 

siirat-i-wabnii, saya, kbwab-o- 

kbayal, ilbani, wabi. 
Visional, a. ilbam-mansiib, muta'al- 

li'j-i-wabi, kbwab yd siirat man- 

siib. 



VIT 



312 



VOG 



Visionary, a. walimi, khayali, guma- 
ui, tasawwuri, bc-asl, be-buuyad. 
Visionist, n. daranda-i-khayal-i-ta- 

Hid, man maiiji, khay-.l-parast. 
Visive, a. muta'alliq-i-quwwat-i- 

basira. 
Visual, a. binai mansiib, ninta'alliq- 

i-basarat, binai men kam tine w. 
Visit, V, mulaqrtt karnoyaraalahaza 

ko liye jana, mulaqut k. ya r. 
Visit, n. mulaqj'it, «air, mulazamat, 

bluMjt; milap, bimar pnrsi. 
Visitable, a. mnmkin-ul-mulaqat ya 

nuilahaza, jalian ja-saken. 
Visitant, 71, n)uliiqati, mnjrai, ya 

riihat, innia<iat k. w., mihman. 
Visitation, n. mulaqat, zij'arat, tah- 
qiqiit ke liye dokhne jana, jis shai 
ya jagnh ko jakar deklicn, iii'ign- 
hiini afat jo kliuda insan ko di'ta 
hai. 
Visitatorial, a. danrc ke bakirn ko 
nmta'aliiq, tabqiqat karne wale 
hakim ke ninta'alliq. 
Visiter, Visitor, n. mnlfiqati, mula- 
qat k. w., mill man. 
Vii^iling, n. maliiqut. 
Visor, n. buivja, kliod, Itiigfar ke ligc 
ka wuh hissa jo lipar ko utba 
sake. 
A^isorod. a. burqa'-posli. 
Vista, a. nazar, nigali, madd-i- 
nazar, rn\\ jiske donon taraf da 
raklit Inge lion. 
VitMJ, a. jan-mnnsiib, liayat-mansiib, 
jan baklisli, jandar, zind:i, zari'ir, 
bizini. 
Vitality, ??. nili-parwari, jan-dari, 

(juwv\'at-i-jan, jaii. 
Vitally ad. jjin-dari ya nili-parwari 

se, zariiratan. 
Vitals, n. ji.crar, jigar-bnnd, jan ya 

liMvat ke liye zariiri bisse. 
Vitellary. n. and(? ke andar wuh mn- 
qam jahjm zardi sufedi men tairti 
rahti bai. 
Vitreous, a. sliislic kn, kancli sL 
Vitrificate, v. sbisba kar-dalna, shi- 

sba-banana. kancb banana. 
Vitrify, v. sbisha banna ya banana, 

sbisba k., kanch banana. 
Vitrol, n. tiitiya, nila-tbotha, kasis. 



Vitriolate, Vitriolated, a. z&j-iimez, 

tiitiya amez. 
Vituperate, v. badnara k., malamat 
k., sarzauisli k., 'aib-lagand, ii- 
zaiu d. 
Vituperation, n. badnarai, ilzam, 

malamat, sarzanisli, sliikayat. 
Vituperativre, a. malamati, sbikayat- 

amez, sarzanish-amez. 
Vive, a. zinda, zincbi-dil, dil-shad, 

clialak, qawi, zor-awar, mazbufc. 
Vivacious, a. zinda-dil, cdialak, tez, 

cbust, sbad, sbigufta kbatir. 
Vivaciousness, Vivacity, n. zinda- 
dili, chalaki, tczi, cliusti, shigufta- 
diii. 
Vivary, n. jandar ya zi-riili ke rakh- 
Tie ki jagab. [ka taur. 

Viveney, n. nili-parwari ya jan-dari 
Vivid, rt. zinda, zinda-dil, chalak, 
sbigufta-kbatir, sbokli, rauslian. 
Vividly, ad. zinda-dil i tezi ya clia- 
biki 80, zor taqat mazbuti ya 
quwwat 80. 
Vividness, n. jan, zinda-dili, cbdla- 
ki, cbusti, tezi, sbokbi, *aib-dari. 
Vivirtcate, \ v. zinda k., jan d., jan- 
Vivify, / dar k. 
Vix:en, n. robab, lomri, laranki ya 

jbagralu an rat. 
Viz, (uL ya'ni, yj'i'ne. 
Vizard, n. burqa*. ' 

Vizard, v. burqa' lagana. 
Vocal, a. awaz-dar, sauti, Jiawai. 
Vocable, «. lafz, suklian, kalima, 

sabd. 
Vocabulary, n. lugbat. farhang, kos. 
Vocalize, v. nawa k., awaz banana, 
kbass tiwiiz denii jese S ka talaf- 
fuz Z ki nutnind k. 
Vocation, n. talab, talabi, liirfa, pe- . 

sba, sliugl. 
Vocative, a. nida-mansiib, bulane 

ke muta'alliq, balat-i-nida. 
Vociferate, v. gnlgapara k., pukar- 

na, cliillana, shore k. 
Vociferation, n, shor-sliar, shor, 

gauga, wawaila. 
Vociferous, a. buland-awiiz, gauga 

ya shor k. w. 
Vogue, n. rawaj, taur, tariq, waz'a, 
dustiir. 



VOL 



313 



TOT 



sadii, awaz, nida, saut, 
rao, zabaii, suklian, slior, 
ija, siga, I'asl. 
. ilwiiz-dar, sadii-dar. 
, a. be-sudii, lii-zaban, sa- 
iuiosli, cliup-chiip. 
iluili, tihi, biitil, mansukh, 
, bc-faida, kliayali, be- 

• 

tark k., kliali k., batil k., 
:li k. 

a. mansiikli lione ke qa- 
il kiye jiiiie ko laiq. 

71. khali k. ya tihi k., 

n. klialii, khiilii, be-asari, 

[bilk. 

. paranda, tcz, clialak. hu- 

a. })araiida, bukhar-sifat, 

[fat, kalur-bo-jaiic \y., ziii- 

kkusli-o-khurram, be-qa- 

, V, bukluir ya kafiir k., 

ki siirat men ura d., 
) an an a. 
. ])arwaz, tayaran, nrai. 

shaikh, slialak, bahut si 
ca ek-bargi chhiitna, barh. 

shalak dagna, ya sar k., 
i chhorna. 

n. ataslii-koh, jwdla-mu- 
i-i-atash-afshan. 

a. ataslii-koh ya jwala- 
'vc niansul). 

I. khwahish, iklitiyar, san- 

j, khwahish yii pasand ka 
• r. w., khwaliish zahir k. 
)ayan k. w. 

V. daw war, lurhakne w., 
dak, charb zaban, zaban- 

2(1. Inrhakto, zaban-awari 
n danizi so. 

, n. lurliakne ki taqat, 
larazi, cliarb-zabani, be- 

. daftar, tumar, jdicr, pech, 
jild, kital), jariila. binni. 
IS, a. baliut-jildon ka, 



Volumhiously, ad, bahut jildon men, 

Voluminousness, n. 'azamat, was'at, 
baiiii, bahut jildon men hone ki 
lialat. 

Voluntarily, ad. qasdan, kliud-ba- 
khud, dida-o-danista, az-khud, 
'amdan, ap se, aphi ap, khnshi se. 

Voluntary, a. riza-niand, razi, az- 
khud k. w., ikhtiyari, azad, qas- 
dan, 'amdan. 

Volunteer, n. klmd-ba-khud ya ap- 
ne ikhtiytir se sipaliiyon men nam 
likhwane w. ya naukari k. w. 

Voluptuary, n, alil-i-zauq, nafs pa- 
ras t, *aiyash, shahwat parast, yar 
bash, jashni, shikam-parast, bho- 

Voluptuously, ad, aiyashi se, shauq 

se, shahwat paras ti se. 
Voluptuousness, n. aubashi, aiya- 
shi, shahwat parasti. 
Volutation, ?i. .lotpot. 
Volute, n. siiun ke lipar ke hisso 

par ek qism ki pecli-dar araisli ya 

zebaish. 
Vomit, V, radd k., qai k., clihant k., 

okna, uchhal k., ubkana. 
Vomit, n, jo kuchh qai yd radd 

men gire, dawa-i-qai-dwar. 
Vomition, n. istifrag, qai k.,. qai 

karne ki taqat. 
Vomitive, Vomitory, a. qni-dwar. 
Voracious, a. ban's, khi\n-khwar, 

darandn, marbhukhd, petli. 
Voraciously, ad, Lirs ya tarn' so, 

khiin khwari se, ju'-ul-baqari se. 
Voraciousness, Voracity, n. hirs, 

tam'a, jii-ul-kalbi, khiin khwari. 
Vortex, n. gird-ab, warta, gird-bad 

bhanwai*. 
Vortical a, ghiimtii hud, chakkar 

yd }>liirki sa phirta hud. 
Votaress, n. aurat jo fidwfyat ya 

^uldmi kare, bhagtin. 
Votary, n. fidwi, ban da, gulam, jijn- 

nisar, sewak, das, bhagt. 
Vote, V. izhur-i-pasand, izhar-i-rae, 

rde, kura yd koi shai jo rde dene 

men musta'mal ho, majlis ke lo- 
gon ki tajwiz. 



•, ziydda-nawi?, bahut ki- Vote, n. rde d., riza ya rae dekar 



li musannif. 



pasand Jj., muqarrar k. 



Nn 



VUL 



3U 



WAI 



Voter, n. rae dene ka mustabiqq, 

riza-dih. 
'Touch, r. gawulii ya shalijiilat kc 

liy.e buliina, gawaLi d., bayan k., 

sabib k. 
Voucher, n. shahid, gawah, ya tas- 

diq k. w. ; dalil, sanad, dast-iiwcz. 
Vouchsafe, v. bila kbauf ya khatra 

ke bone d., farotani yii mibrbani 



Yalturous, a, kargas sirat, kLt 
kbwar, darinda. 

w. 



\V. Angrczi liunif tabajji ka te- 
iswun liaraf; yib barf ikhtisarke 
liye mustainal bai, jaisa ki N. W, 
uttar-pacbliim. 



kar-ke bakbsbiia, apne niartabe I Wabble, r. bilte dolte cbalna, ma 
ka kbayal na kar ke apne kbur- I takta cbahia. 
don ke satb aisi farotani se pesb ' 
ana jo insaf ya riwaj ke rii se | 
wajib na bo, tabi' b., muti' b. 



Vouchsafcment, ». mibrbani yii fa- 
rotani ke rii se bakiisbisb. 
Vow, V, mannat ke ru se niyjiz-k., 

fidii-k., nazr karne ka wa'da k., 

cbarbdna, sankalp k. 
Vower, 71. mannat ke rii so niyaz k. 

w., nazr k. w., niyaz karne ka 

wa'da k. w., mannat manne vr. 
Vowel, n. barf-i-'illat, barakat. 
Vo welled, a, barakat-dar, i'nib-dar. 
Voyage, n. daryiii-safar, tari ka sa- 

far, jabazi safar. 
Voyage, a, daryai safar k., tai k. 
Voyager, n, daryai mnsafir, jabazi 

musafir, tari ka safar k. w. 
Vulgar, a. miitta'alliq-i-'awamm-un- 

nas, Mmni, watani, zabi'iu, galiz 

ya kbarjib, kamina, paji, baqir. 
Vulo-arisui, ?i. pucli mulii'nvarji ya 

lal'z, bad kalam. 
A^ulgarity, n. na^arashidagi, pasti, 

kaniina-pan, be murawwati, gal at 

mull aw ar a. [k. 

Vulgarize, v. 'amum kamina ya paji 
Vulgarly, ad. 'ainuman, aksar, na- 

tarushidagi ya be-murawwati se, 

kbarabi se. 
Vulgate, n, zaban-i-Latin meij Injil 

aur tauret ka tarjuma, Latin In- 

jil-o-taurit. 
Vulnerable, a. mumkin-ul-majriib, 

zakbm-pazir. 
Vulnerary, a. zakbm cbanga k. w. 
Vuln crate, v. zaklimi k., majriib k., 

gbayal k. 
Vulpine, a. robab-sifat, makkar, ro- 

bab-baz. 
Vulture, n, nasr, kargas, gidd. 



Wad, n. riii ya san wag. ki golf, 

nawala. 
Wadding, n. razui ke liyo narm as- 

bab ya sbai. 
Waddle, r. matakta cbaliui dagwa- 

gi dial cbalna, bilte dolte cbalna. 
Wailo, V. puui men jami, diqqat-o- 

taklif se cbalna. 
Wafer, n, patli roti, cbapra, tikiya. 
Wai't, V. ura lejana, balia lejana, 

tinina, isbara k. 
Wag, Wago^isb, n. maskbara, tbat- 

tbebaz, tliatholiya, naqqal, zarif. 
Wag, V. liililiia, dulana, janti, cbal- 

nii, bilna, dolna. 
Wage, n. rihn, Lrirau, talab, ujrat, 

mibnatiina, wazil'a. 
Wage, L\ jang loua yu badmi, bazi 

lagana. karna, macbana, bor bad- 

na, jokliini utLana; naukar-rakb- 

na. tbdke ya kiraye par rakbna. 
Wager, n. sbart, daw, wob sbaijis- 

ke bab men sbart badi jay, bora- 

liori. 
Wagt'r, V. sbart badna, dao badna, 

bazi lagana. 
Wages, n. talab, nuisbabira, mibnat- 

ana, bad la, tankbwab, rozina, 

kbarcbi, wazifa. 
Waggery, n, nakbra, kbilli, kbusb- 

taba'i, bansi. tbattbe-bazi. 
Waggish, a. harif, zarif, sbarir, 

dburat, kheldri. 
Waggisbness, n, sbararat, zarafat, 

zarifi, tbattbe-bazi. 
Wagon, Waggon, ?i. cbbakra, ara- 

ba, cbau-pabiya. 
Waif, Waift, w. pari bui cbiz, mdl-i- 

la-waris. 
Wail. t). bilbilana, gam k.; uala-o- 

zari k.; afsos k, 



WAN 



515 



WAR 



ailing, n. nala-o-zaii, naiilia, 
hat, girja. 
a. dil-gir, gam-gin, andoh- 

71, cliliakra, araba; burj, 

't, n. diwar ki taklita-bandi. 
I. kamar, luiyan, jaliaz ke ■ 
■ka liissa. i 

lit. n. choli, fatnlii, knrti. ! 
. intizari k., rail doklma, ; 
aniatk., muntazirh., tawaq- 

n, khidmatgar, bazirbash, 
r. 

, a. luizirbash, khidmatgar. 
-maid, n, mashshata, diisi, 

« 

. jaguij, jagiina, bedar li. ya 
itaharrik k. 

. bedtiri, chauki; ek tyohar, 
L jo pi'mi mon jahaz ke \ 
' paitii jjita hai. 

clialna, pliirna. tahalna. 
. snir, cliihal-qadmi, gasht, 
, raftar, nih, nista. sair-g^h. 
•, n. qadam-andazi, chalan, 

• 

-stick, n. chhari, asa, lathi. 
diwar, diwal, bhit, piikha. 
. diwar khinclma, chardi- 
., bhit utliana. 
>i. jhola, thaila, kluirji. 

r. chahlc men lotpot k. 
n. aklirot, chdrmagz. 
, V. ji-matlai, ghinao. 
zard, pilii, zafrani. 
. chhari, ;isa, qamchi, bent. 

V. ramnu, harzagardi k., 
h., bhataktii phirna, bhiilna. 

ya badrah h. 

T, 71. saiyar, awara, duwan- 

[gardi. 
ng, n. sair, awargi, harza- 
. zawal, kami, takhfif. 
K ghatna, kam li., zawal 

• 

khali h., chahna, kliwu- 
c, zariirat h., darkar h., 
i h., ihtiyaj rakhna, arzii- 

h;, naqis h., kam h., liatb 
a rakhna. 



Want, n, ihtiyaj, hajat, khawi'liish,^^ 

iflas, zariirat, matlab, darkhwast, 

miqs, kami, tan gi. 
Wanton, a. shokh, sbahwati, be- 

zabt, acbpal, khilari, dhith, be- 

haya, mast; kasir, ziyada. 
Wanton, n. khilari, yarbash, randi- 

btiz, tamasb-bin, fahisha, bebiida- 

shakhs. 
Wanton, v, randi bazi k., shokhi k., 

badmasti k., tamash-bini k. 
Wantonly, ad. masti se, sbokbi se 

lahw-la'b sc. 
War, n, larai, Jang, jadal, razm, 

packar, dushmani, parkhash, si- 

pah-gari, jangi-auzar, fanj. 
War, V, larna, jang k., jadal k. 
Warble, a, lahkuna, gana, gitkari 

leu a, alapna. 
W^arbler, n, gawaiya, mutarannim, 

tair-i-kbush-alhan. 
Ward, 71. chauki, nigahbani, bifu- 

zat; mahalla, pura; na-balig. 
Ward, a. bach ana, chauki d., hifa- 

zat k. 
Warden, Warder, n, nigah-ban, 

muhafiz, amin, amanat-dar, da- 

roga, pas-ban. 
Wardi'obe, n. libus-dan, tosba-kliana, 

malbiis-khana. 
Wardship, n. amanat, .muhafazat, 

nigah-bani. [dukan. 

Warehouse, n. kothi, jins-khana. 
Ware, n. sauda, mal, jins, chiz, 

sauda-gari ka mal. 
Ware, a. bosh-yar, diir-andesh, 

miintazir, posh tar se musta'idd. 
Ware, v. khabar-dar h., hoshydr h., 

khabardari k. 
Warfare, n, jang-bazi, jang-awari, 

larai-bhirai, sipabgari. 
Warfare, v. jangbs'.zi k., larai pesne 

men zindagani katna. 
Wearily, acL khabardari se, diir-ande- 

shi se, hosbyfiri se. 
Warlike, a. jangi, razm-pcsha, laran 

ka, jang-azmiida, larai ke qabil, 

jang-awar. 
Warm, a, garm, tatta, sargarm, 

sa'i. dilsoz, sargarm, jan-fish;n. 

musta*idd, tez, tund, purkhayaJ, 

qawi. 



WAS 



31C 



WAT 



Warm, v. garm k., tattu k , sar- 

garm k., tahrik d., uksaiui. 
Warmly, ad. garnii sc, tozi so. 
AVarmiiess, |^ n. ganui, liarart, ta- 
Warmth, J pisli, sozUli; inasti, sar- 

garmi, sliauq, *isliq, dilsozi. 
Warn, v. khabar d., chetiiiia, ugalii 

d., jatana, lige se kali d. 
Warning, n. ittila*, khabar, Ugalii, 

tanibili, nasihat. 
Warp, V. kaj k., kliara k. ya h., 

aiuthna, peclitab ya maror klijina, 

sikorna, terhn k. yd h., phirna, 

palat d., bigarna. 
Warrant, n, dastak, farm?m, girif- 

tari ka parwiina, hukm-nama, 

i'alam; sanad; amal. 
Warrant, v. uzrrlana, jaiz r., rawa r.. 

mnkhtir k., ikhtiyar d., qaim 

bahal ya rawa rakhna. 
Warrantable, a. sliara*i, jaiz, lazim, 

Tvajib, munasib. 
Warrantably, ad, jaizan, shara'an, 

wajib taur-se. 
Warrantly, .«. ghore wg. ki be-aibi 

ki sanad, kaf^lat, iqrar-nama, 

wada, dalil. [gber;i. 

Warren, n. khargosh ka katalira ya 
Warrior, n. sipahi, laslikari, jangi, 

2^azi-mard, jawfin-mard. 
Wart, n. massd, tctar. 
Wary, a. hoshiyar, diir-andesh, chau- 

kas. 
Was, iia, i\i'\y liiia, raha, gaya. 
Wash V, dhona, tar k., bliigonj'i, 

takkar mama, dubona, bo ma, 

panisesafk., nahana, gusal k.. 

upar so halka rang k.; marhiia, 

pak k. 
Wash, n. ubtan, gulgiina, ghnza; 

siiar ki kluirak, dhowan, daldal, 

lip ari rang. 
Wasberman. w. dhobi, gazur. 
Washerwoman, n, dhobin. 
Washy, a. abi, tar, bhiga, mulaim, 

narm, kam-zor. 
Wasp, w. bar, zambur; chirchira 

shakhs. [ranj. 

Waspish, a. chirchira, ghiinna, ziid- 
Wassail, n, ek qism ki sharab jo 

boza chini aur seb ki banti hai, 

piyala-bazi. 



Wassail, t'. piyalabazi men sharik 

h., kasrat se sharab pina. 
Waste, V. ghatna, ghatana, gala d., 

kam k., urana, sarf k., garat k., 

luttinii, satyanas k., bar bad k., 

khnib k., wiran k. 
Waste, a. khacab, wiriin, takht-taraj, 

paeniul, ujar. 
Waste, n. wirana, kharab, insriif, 

lutio, fuziil-kharchi, lutaw, uuq- 

san, ujar jagah. 
Wasteful, a. uraii, mnsrif, fuziil 

kharch. 
Watch, n. bedari, chanki, pahra, 
. pasbani, tawajjnh, lihaz; chauki- 

dar, pasban; jcbi ghari. 
W-'atch, V. jagna, chaukas rahna, 

nazar rakbna, hifiizat k., chauki 

d., bedar rahna, rah dekhna. 
Watchful, a. bedar, hosliiyar, klia- 

baniar, chaukas. 
Watch-house, n. chanki-khi'aia, 

chauki, thana. 
Watch-maker, n. ghari banane w., 

ghari saz. 
Watch-man, n, chnnkidar, pas-b&n. 
Watch-word, n. chaukidaron men 

nmstjimal i share ki bat jis se 

wai apne dost yu dushman ko 

maliim kar-saktc hain. 
"Water, w. jal, ab, peshab; bahr-i- 

mnhit, samundar, daryd, jhil; 

hira yd moti ki jhalak, ab-i-ilmas. 
Water, V. pani d., paniyana, abpa- 

shi k., sichna, ankh ya munh se 

pani girna, mutna, peshab k. 
Waterage, «. kishti ka kiraya, ab- 

bardar ki ujrat. 
Water-fall, n. jharna, chadar. 
Water-fowl, n. mnrg-i-abi, pandubbi. 
Water-gruel, n. lapsi, sliola, asb-i- 

jau. 
Water-place, n. ghat, pane lene ki 

jagah. 
W^ater-man, n, kishti-ban. mallab. 
Water-melon, n. tarbiiz, sarda. 
Water-mill, n, pan-chakki. 
Water-spout, n^^pani ka bamba ya 

sitiin JQ saflgpndar se lipar ko 

n^lita hal. ^'■'' 
Watery, a. abi, pani-sa, raqiq, pat- 
la, bc-maza. 



WEA 



317 



WEE 



Wattle, n. dali, tattar, gosLt jo 

murg ke gale ke niche rahta hai. 
Wave, V. dolna, tal-matol k., lahra- 

na, mauj-maina, hilna, linclia 

nic])a k., na-hamwar cliliorna, 

talk k. 
Wave, n. mauj, tarang, nd-hamTvavi. 
Waver, v, lahrana, be-qararh., mu- 

taraddid h., liichakna. 
Wavy, a, manj-zan, lahrane w. 
Wax, n. mora, lakh, guda; kan ka 
' mail. 

Wax, V. momi k., lakh se jorna, ho- 

jana, barhna. 
Waxed, or Waxen, a. momi, mom 

ka ban a hua; barha hna. 
I- Way, n, rah, rasta, sarak, chal, 
f tariq, surat, rawish, kinara. 
Wayfarer, n, rahi, rahgir. musafir. 
Waylay, v rahmarna, ghat-lagana, 

Jcamin gah men baithna, dakaiti 

k. ■ ■ ■ 

Wayward, a. shokli, ziddi, khudpa- 

sand, sarkasli. 
We, 27r. ham. 
Weak, a, kam-rzor, z;iif, nirbal, na- 

tawtin, narm, mulaim. 
Weaken, v. kam-zor k., zaif k., tor- 

na, subuk k. 
Weakness, n. kam-zori, na-tawani, 

zaifi, narmi. 
Weal, n. rafiihiyat, taraqqi, iqbal- 

mandi, jamhiiri saltaiiat, sab logon 

ka fiiida, kamyabi. 
Wealth, w. mal, daulat, zor, sarwat, 

t aw an gar i. 
Wealthy, a. mal-dar, daulat-mand, 

zardar, tawangar. 
Wean, v. diidh-clihurana; kho chhu- 

rin H. 
Weapon, n. hathyar, harba, silah, 

ala, anzar. 
Weaponed, n. hathiyar-band, musal- 

lah. 
Wear, v, ghisna, ragarna, khajana. 

khiyana, ba-diqqat ba-sar k., sii- 

rat ya nnmaish rakhna; pahinna, 

tikna, ralma. 
Weariness, n. majftaagi, 'ajizi, tha- 

kaliat. '. * 

Wearisome, a, thakaii, bhari, malal- 

angez. 



Weary, v, manda k., thakana, ajiz 

k., dukh d. 
Weasel, n, nenra, newal, rasii. 
Weather, n, mausim, aiyani, rat 

din, hawa, mausim ki sardi garmi 

ki halat. 
Weather, v, ba-diqqat tai k., bar- 

dasht k., hawa khilana, bachaeke 

nikalna. 
Weather-beaten, a. ttifan-zada, an- 

dhi ka miira, garm sard-azniiida. 
Weather-cock, ) n. hawa-numa, bad- 
Weather-gage, j nunia. 
Weath<^r-glass, n. mizanu-1-hawji. 
Weather-proof, a. jismen tiifan ba- 

rish wg. kuchh asar na karsake. 
Weave, v, bunna, jali kaihnu, gun- 

dhna, batna. 
Weaver, n. jiilaha, bi'ifinda, koli. 
Web, n, jjili, bindwat; jala, haft. 
Web-footed, a. wasal-pji, hans-pa, 

jnra hna panw. 
Webster, Wabster, Wobster, n. jii- 
laha, binne w., bafinda. 
Wed, V. byahna, shi.di k., nikah k. 
Wedded, a. byalita, nikah ki gai, 

bvahi. 
Wedding, n, byah, shadi, rasm-i- 

nikah. 
Wedge, 72. pachhar, mekh, khiinta, 

dhat ka dnla. 

• 

Wedge, r. mekh garna, pacLchar 

thokna, khiinta garna. 
Wedlock, n. uriis, byah, nikah, 

halat-i-nikahi. 
Wednesday, n. char-shamba, bndh. 
Wee, a. kam, chhota, kotjih. 
Weed, n. ghas. khar, ghas-pat. 
Weed, V, nirana, ghas nikalna. 
Weeds, n. matami-libas. 
Week, n. hafta, athwara, sapta. 
Week-day, n, itwarke sewa koi ek 

din. 
Weekly, ad. hafta-war, har hafta, 

athwara. [na. 

Ween, v. khaydl k., qiyiis k., soch- 
Weep, V. ashk dalna, ab-dida h., 

rona, nauha ya nala k., gam k., 

girya k. 
Weeper, n, ashk-bar, zari k. w., 

giryan, chashmtar, rone w., afsos 

k, w. 



WEL 318 

TVeopingly, acL nshk-rezi ya aslik- 

bari se, ub-dida, cliaslim-tnr. 
Weevil n. kiri.kirii, gliuii. 
Weft, n. bliarni, ban a. 
Weetago, n. bun^iwat, binawat. 
Weigh, v. waza k., taiiliia, joklnia, 

hain-wazii ya ham-sang li., utha- 

na, gaur ya khauz k., khayiil ya 

tajwiz k. 
Weigher, n. tanlwaiya, wazn-kash, 

taiilue w. 
Weight, n. wazn, sang, koi wazni 

shiii, dabaw, giriini, i)ranian, niu'- 

tabari. 
Weiglitless, a. bo-wazn, subuk, hal- 

kti. 
Weighty, a. snngin, gii\.n, saqil, 

wazni, natija-awar. 
Weightily, ad. wazii ya bar se, zor 

se. 
Weigiitiness, it, "vvnzn-duri, saqalat 

girani, qalr, nalija-awaii, mu'ta- 

bari. 
Weird, a. jadii-gari k., sihr me* 

mahir. 
Welaway, int, afsos, hay, hay -hay. 
AVelcome, a. miu{hi\\, niubarak, 

khush-ayand. dil-pasaiid, dii-awez, 

kliatir-pasand. 
Welcome, n. tawiizu', tazim, adar- 

bhaw, satkar. 
Welcome, v, miibarak janiiii, mii- 

barak-badi d. 
Welcomeness, n. khnsh-ayandi, dil- 

pasandi, dil-a\v(zi. 
Welcomer, n, niuburak biid kahne 

w., mubarak-badi d. w. 
Weld, a. tliokkar ya pit-kar do ko 

aisa jorna ki j ism en do na-jan 

paren uiagar ek hi Uiaium lion. 
Welfare, n. khair-o-'afiyat, khairi- 

yat, khair-kliiibi, taiqqi, bakht- 

iiwari, kam-yabi, bah-budi. 
Welkin, w, namii-dar, qura-i-hawa, 

asmau, falak. 
Well, n. fawvvara, chashma, mam- 

ba, chah, kua. 
Well, a. mubjirak, kliiib, bih- 

tar, manziir, 'aziz, sahili-o-salim, 

sahih-ul-badan, tan-durust. 
Well-aday, int, haif, dareg, darega, 

afsos. 



WES 



Well-being, n. l>ih-budi, khair-n- 
'afiyat. khairiyat, kLair-kLiibi, 
khnsh-hali, bakht-awari, iql-al, 
iqbiil-mandi, taraqqi, sa'adatja 
sa'adat-mnndi. 
Well-born, a. pak niluid, nek-ti.<l. 
Well-bred, a, kliush-atwtir, iiek-at- 
^v.ir, khush-Umlq. kliush-aklih.q, 
saliib-i-nmrawwat ya majlis. 
Well-done, int. sljiibiibh, iifrin, zahe, 

wah-wah. 
Wcll-rav<»un'd, (I. dil-pasand,Labin, 

khiio-siirat. 
\V« 11-head, ??. asl ya chashma-i-ab, 

ehnslinia. fawwiira, jar, jliama. \ 
Well-mannered, a. kluibh-aUvar, ^ 
nek-aiwar, khnsh-akhlaq. kliu>h- 
khulq, muaddab, sahib-i-akblii'j, 
siihib-i-mnrawwat. 
Well-meaner, a. khair-khwjih, nek- 

nivat, nek-andcsli, nek-niluid. 
Well-met, int, kyti khub. shabiish. 
Well-natnred, a, nek sirat, khusli- 
kho, nek-khaslat, khush-khulq, 
nek-taba. 
Well-nigh, acL an-qarib, nazdik. 
Well-wilier,, v, khair-andesh, uek- 

khwah. 
Well->Yish, V. khair-andeshi k., 

khMir-kha^Yahi k. 
Well-wisher, n. khair-khwah, khair- 

khair-andesh. 
Welt, n. h.ishiya, kinara. 
Welt. V, hiUhiye ya kanarc par 

tiinkna. 
Welter, v. loln.'i, lotpot k. 
Wen, 77. giimui, massa. 
Wench, 7i. jawan 'aural, fahislia. 
Wench, r. rnndi-bjizi k., zina-kari k. 
Wenci.ern, 71. shahwati, shahwat- 

parast. 
Wend, t;. jana, chalna, phirna, gu- 

zarna. 
Wennish, Wenny, a. giimra-sa, 

masse-sa. 
West, n. garb, magrib. pachchliim. 
West, Western, a. magrabi, magrib 

ki taraf ka. 
Westering, a. magrib yapachchLim 

ki taraf jata hna. 
Westerly, ad, magrib ki taraf ka, 
pachchhami. 



WHE 



319 



WHI 



Westward, Westwardly, ad, magrib 

ki taraf, ba-simt-i-inagrib, pacli- 

chliam ki taraf. 
Wet, n. nami, tari, rutiibat, bar- 
sat. 
Wet, a. nam, tar, nam-nak, martub. 
Wet, V. tar k., nam k., bbigona, 

gila k. 

Wetness, n. tari, rutiibat, tarawat. 
Wetshod, a. jiiton ke lipar bbiga 

hua. 
Wjiale, n. hiit, samnndari sab se 

bara janwar, ek bari machlili. 
Whalebone, n. hiit ke jabre kiliad- 

di men io sakbt aur dam-dar sbai 

xioti hai. 
^Vharf, 71. gbat. 
^Vharfinger, n, ghatwal. 
VVhat, pr, jo yii jitna, kyd, kaun, 

kaisa ya kaiinsa, kitna, kuchh- 

kuchli, jo kuch. 
"VVhatever, Whatsoever, pr, jo jo, jo 

kuchb, sab-kuchh. 
Wheat, n. gehiin, gandiim. 
Wh eaten, a. gandumi, gandum ka, 

geliiin ka, gehiin ka bana hua. 
Wheat-ear, w. ek qism ki chiriya. 
Wheedle, v. niithi baton se dam d. 

ya fareb d., chapliisi k., dam- 

dilasa d. 
Wheel, n. gardiin, charkh, charkha 

ya charklii, 'uqiibat ya aziyat 

dene ke liye ek charkh numa ala, 

gardish, cliakkar. 
Wheel, V. pahiye ke bal jana, phir- 

na, ghiimna, gliumana, chakkar d. 
Wheely, a. mudawwar, gardish ke 

laiq. 
Wheel-barrow, n, ek pahiye ki gari. 
Wheel-wright, n. pahiya banane w., 

gardiin saz, barhai, darod-gar. 
Wheeze, v, zor aur taklif ae dam 

khinchna ya chhorna, sansandna, 

s ah ran a. 
Whelk, n. jhurri, chhala, dadora, 

phunsi. 
Whelky, a. ubhrd hud., lincha ya 

phiila, gol kiya hua. 
Whelm, V, dhanp d.. ghatatop dalnd, 

dubana, dubad., garna, gar d. 
Whelp, n. sag-bacha, pilla, kisi 

daranda jauwar ka bachcha. 



When, ad. jab, jon, johin, jls 

ghari ya tisghari, kab, kad, kis 

ghari, tiske pichhe. 
Whence, ad, jahan se, kidliar se ya 

kalian se, kis ba'is se, jis haqqi- 

qat se, jis-jagah se. 
Whencesoeyer, ad. kahin se, jahan 

kahin se. 
Wlieneyer, Whensoever, ar/. jabhi, 

jadhi, jab kabhi, jab kabhii, jab 

jab, jis waqt. 
Where, ad, jahan, kahan, kidhar, 

kis-jagah, jis-jagah. 
Whereabout, ad. kisi jagah ke naz- 

dik, kisi-taraf ya jis-jagah ke 

qarib. 
Whereas, ad, chiinki, halan-ki, ba- 

wujude-ki, az-bas-ki; jab-ki. 
Whereat, ad. jis-par, tis-par, jis 

pichhe, kis-par. 
Whereby, ad. jis se, kis so. 
Wherefore, ad. is waste, kis w£ste. 
Wherein, ad. jismen ya tismen, kis- 

men. 
Whereinto, ad, jismen. 
Whereness, n. thikana, jagah. 
Whereof, ad. jiska, kiska. 
Whereon, ad, jis-par ya tis-par, 

kis-par. 
Wheresoever, ad. kahin, jahaij-ka- 

hin, jahan jahan, jis-jis-jacah. 
Whereto, Wliereunto, ad. jisko. 
Whereupon, ad. jis-par, tis-par, tis- 

pichlie. [kisse. 

Wherewith, Wherewithal, ad. jisse. 
Wherry, n. pansoi, dongi. 
Whet, V. tez k., tahrik k., targib d., 

khashm-nak k., garm k., khashm- 

gin k. 
Whet, Whetter, n. tez k. w., cho- 

kha k. w., paina k. w., san-dhar- 

ne w., wuh jis se san dhari-jae. 
Whetstone, n, san, silli, pathri, 

sohan. 
Whether, ad. khwah, ki. kya, ya. 
Whey, n, ab-i-shir, diidh ka pani, 

math a, tor. 
Wliich, ^r. jo, jaun, kaun, kaunsa. 
Whiff, n. jhonk, jhakora, phiink, 

siskari, phiinkar. 
Whiff, V, phiink-kar ura d., ura-le- 

jana. 



WHI 



320 



wni 



Wliiffle, V. phrarphayana, urta pliir- 

na, clihitra d., uraiia, pliailaiiu^ 

bakberna. 
Wbig, n. ra'iyat-dost. 
Wbiggisb, a. ra'iyat-dost-mansub, 

muta'alliq-i-ra'iyat-dost. 
Wliiggisin, 71. ra*iyat doston ke 

'aqaid. 
Wbile, n. waqt, muddat. 
While, ad. jab-ttik, jab-lag, jab- 

talak, jitue-mcn yii jitni borinen. 
Wliilom, ad. sabiij men, posh lar, 

ck daf a ya ok niaitaba, qadiui 

zamane men, age. 
Whilst, ad. jab-tak, jab-lag, jab- 

talak. 
Whim, n. wabm, man-manj, luauj, 

kham-khayiili. 
Whimsey, n, wabm, man-raanj, ma- 

uj, khiim-khayali, lalawwun mi- 

Zfiji. 
Whimsical, a talawwiin-inizaj, bar- 

dam-khayali, mnn-mauj i. 
Whimsically, ad. talawwiiu-mizaji se, 

talawwuu tab'i so, bar-dam-kba- 

yali se, mnii-mauj ko, be-sabati se. 
Whimsicalness, n. talawwun-miziiji, 

talawwun tab'i. 
Whim-wham, n. lalak, labar, ta- 

raiig, khilanmi. 
Whimper, v, thuuukna, ginti^inana, 

sisakiia, bilbilana, abista-ahista 

rona. 
Whin, n. ek kantaila jangli per. 
Whine, v. rona, jhinklma, wawaila 

karna. 
Whinny, v. hinbinana. 
Whinyard, n. talwar, tarwar. 
Whip, I', cliabuk ya taziyiina mania 

ya lagana, ehabiik so saza d., 

chusti-o-cbiilaki so jana ya koi 

kam k. 
Wbipper. n. cbabukbaz, kora laga- 

ne w.. kora marue vv. 
Whipping, 71. chabuk-bazi, kore- 

btizi. 
Whipster, n. cbust-o-cbalak ftbakbs. 
Whip-cord, n, koro banaiie kc liye 

rassi. 
Whin-band, n. fauqiyat, sabqat, 

faida jo diisre ke lipar ho. 
Wbip-lasb, n, koje ka pbundna. 



Whipping-post, n. kore marno ki 

tikthi, tiktlii jispar biindh-kar 

kore ya bent lagate liain. 
Whip-stock, n, dasta-i-cbabuk, kore 

ki mi'ith. 
Whir, V. pbnrnknd. pbur-pbururii.i. 
Whirl, r. phornji, pbirana, gliuiua- 

na, chakkar marna. 
Whirlbat, n. jo kucbb miirne yl 

ya chot-kariie ke liye gbuiuava 

ya phiriiyii jao. [ra. 

Whiriii^ig, n. ehakai, pbirki, bliniin- 
Whirlpool, n. warta, gird-ab, blia'J" 

war. 
Whirlwind, 7?. gird-bad, babiila.' 
Whisk, 71. chboti jharii, barlini, 

kiincbi. 
Whisk, r. jharnii, bubarua, pLatak- 

n«u phar-pharjina. 
Whisker, n. galmucbcblia, gal ^^ 

bal, muehli. 
Whisky. 71. ek ([ism ki sbarab jo 

anaj se banli hai. 
Whisper, v. ])hns[>busana, kana- 

])luisi k., ahista se kahna. 
Whisperer, 72. phuspbiisane w., kani" 

phiisi k. w. 
Whist, int. ehiip, kbamosb. 
Whist, r. chnp k., kbamosb k. 
Whistb*, r. safir nijirua, algoza ba- 

jami, san sail ami, siti bajana. 
Whistler, 7?. siti-biiz, safir-gar, siti- 

bnjano w. 
Whit, n. luiqta. zarra. 
Whit*', a. sulaid, saped, zard, pak, 

tiihir. 
Wlii to-lead, ??. saf(Mla, sapeda. 
White-livered, a. buz-dil, basid, 

basiid, bad-andesb. 
Whitely, a, sufed-giin, safedi-mail, 

dhoula. 
White-meat, 71. diidb wg. ka bana 

bua kbana. 
Whiten, v. sufed k. ya b., ujla k. 
Whiteness, n. safedi, sapedi, ujlai. 
Whiting, 71. kbarya-mitti, clibui ya 

diidhi mitti; qism-macbbli. 
Whitisli, a, sufed-gun, sufaidi-mail. 
White-wash, n, ut>tan, tel, safedi 

karne ka cbiina, safedi. 
Whitber, ad, kidbar, kaban, jidhar, 

jab an. 



WID 



321 



WIL 



soever, ad. kidhar hi, kisi- 

luir hi, jisi-or, 

', n. anguli ya iingli par 

r, n. iijla k. w., dhone w., 

I 

, n. ek jebi chliiiri. 

, t\ chhuri se katna. 

, sarssiranji, sansanaiia. 

'. jauii, kaiiu. 

r, Vriiose, Whosoever, jjr. 

, jo-jo, joi. 

a. tauuini, hamn, sarasar, 

nasal lam, be-iiuqs. 

de, n, ek musht-faroshi, 

)inc, a. sihhat-awar, shifa- 
li; saliili, diirnst. 
>iiioly, ad. sihhat awari se, 
)aklKshi se, sihliat se. 
)uiei\ess, 71. shifa-rasani, 
jakhshi, sildiat. 

ad, bil-kuU, tamam-tar, 
ir, nuitlaq. 
n. kasbi, fahisha, yar-baz, 

laster, Wlioromonger, n. 
baz, taniasli-liin. 
m, 71. walad-nz-zina, hanimi 

[niasti. 
3m, n. shnhwat-parasli, bad- 
ness, n. zina-kari, shahwat- 
i, chhindbi. 

d. kis-wiistc, Kis-sabab se, 
ste. 

. i)at ti. paUt{i, falita. 
a. bnd-kar, bad-mast, papi, 
, miiziiT. 

y , a d, sh ar a i* a t b n d-k ar i 
lyubi-sc, bad-zati ya kha- 
se. 

less, n. maviihi, zabiini, 
j^iinab, bad-z;ili, shararat. 
n. kin'rki, darich. 
far;ikh, kusluida, wns'i, arz, 
-cbnurti, paiilia, ba'id. 
) ad. tnf;hvut ]){ir. kusliada- 
J gi se, palle-par, fara- 

i 

' • 

•". knsliada k. ya h., farakh 
b., >Yasi* k. ya h., 'ariz k., 



"Widencss, n. farakhi, kushadagi, 

wasiit, 'arz, pahan. 
Widgeon, n. oat, batak, surkbab, 

pan-dubbi. 
Widow, n. bewa, be-shauhar, ranr. 
Widow, r. bewa ya ranr banana, 

jo kuchh achchha ho usko chhin 

lena. 
Widowhood, n. bewagi, bewa-pan, 

ninrtipa. 
Widow-lmnter, n. bewa-parst, wuh 

shakhs jo jahez ke liye bewon ke 

sath ishq-bazi karta liai. 
Width, n. 'ai-2, chaurai, panha. 
Wield, V. ba-khiibi cliahlna ya utha- 

na, isti'mal k., hath-lagana. 
Wieldless, a. be-zabt, 'azim, bhari. 
Wife, n. jorii, zauja, qabila, man- 

kiiha, bibi. 
Wifehood, n, zaujagi, jorii-pan. 
Wifeless, a. be-zauja, be-joru, mu- 

jarrad, be-nikah. 
Wifely, a. joru ya zaiija ke laiq. 
Wig, n. bal ki topi, babri. 
Wight, n. jandar. pnini, mutanaffis, 

shakhs, kas, bashar, admi. 
Wild, a. wahshi, dashti, bayabani, 

sahrai, khud-ro, winin, he-adab, 

na-shinas, shohda, sharir, sar- 

kash, be- la gam, abtar, darham- 

barham, wahmi. 
Wilding, 71. jangli seb. 
Wildly, ad. wahshat se, durnshti- 

so, be-tartibi se, be-huda, kliam- 

khyali se,.abtari se. 
Wildness, n. wahshat, diirushti, 

khud-roi, be-adabi, shararat, sar- 

kaslii, abtari, wahm. 
WiUler, v. bhatakna, bbntkana, parc- 

shan yj'i hainin k., bahkana. 
Wilderness, n. bayabcin, dasht, sah- 

ra, winin a, jangai. 
Wild-fire, n. jald sokhtani chiz jo 

ba-asani na bujh sake. 
Wild-gooso-chaso, n. bcfaida-sa'i, 

lahasil koshish. 
i Wile, 71. litrat, robah-bazi, hila, 

makr, farcb. 
Wilfnl, a, ziddi, sar-kash, khud- 

pasand. 
Wilfnlly, ad. zidd se, sarkashi 

khud-pasandi ya khnd-sari se. 



Oo 



WIN 



322 



WIN 



Wilfulness, n. zidJ, sar-kaslii, kliiiJ- 

sari. 
Wililj, ad. robah-bazi so, dagil- 

bazi se, freb s<\ 
Wiliiiess, 11. robah-bazi, makr, farcb, 

liila dagii. 
Wilk, n, kliol-dar yil saklit cliliilke- 

dar luaolihli, sip-diir niachhli. 
Will, n. quwwat-i-marzi, p.isand 

khatir, khwahish, hukni, fiiriuan, 

wasi'iit, wasi'ut-iiama, marzi, 

kliuslii, irada, razji, qasd, qiihu. 
Will, V. madad-gar-i-fi'l jis sc niUH- 

taql>il zahir lioUi hai, alainat-i- 

istiqbal; qasd k., kliwaliish k., 

arzii k., liukin k., wasi'at-nama 

likhiia. 
Wilier, n. khwaliish k. w., irada k. 

w., qasd, k. w. 
Willing,, a. ragib, razi, miishtaq, 

slitiiq, hazir, raza-mand, kluisli. 
W^illiiigly, ad. kliiislu se, zauq so, 

ba-dil-o-jaii vii ba-sar-o-chashni 

se, sir-ankhon se. 
Willi>ign<'ss, 71. razamaiidi, raza. 

sliuuq, 'ijiizat. 
Willow, n. bed, bet, bent. 
Willowish, a. bed-giin, bed-fani. 

bet ke rang kii. 
Willowy, a. pur-bed, bet yd bent se 

bliara liua. 
Wimble, u. barnia, cliUed karne ka 

nuziir. 
A\ iuiple, n. bnrqn'a, sar ki orlmi. 
AVin, V. jitna, bazi-lejana, galib li., 

giilib rnhiia, htisil k., ]»ana. 
WMuce, I V. digna, liicbakna, sukar- 
AViueh, J na, ohaunkna. 
AVincer, n. digne w., liichakne w., 

cliaunkne w., do-latti-niame w. 
AVincb, n. charkh ya cliarklii ka 

dasta, terlia bent ya miitb. 
Wind, V. ])lmnlxna. bajana, phirana, 

gbuinana. gliiiinna, aintlma, lapet- 

na, bal kluinji. 
Wind, n. clialti liawa, bail, hawa- 

dari. 
W^ind-bound, a. na-muwafiiq hawa 

se rnka liua. 
'Wiiul-egg. n. kbali anda. 
AVindfall, n tapka ya jliav<4, liua 

pbal, uafa-i-iiiigabaui, dad-i-Ilabi. 






Wind-gall, n. liadda, gudda. 
Wind-gun, n. baudiiq jo bawa se 

cliliiitc ya cliale. 
Winding, n. ghumaw, mor, cliakkar, 

]dier. 
Winding-slieet, n. kafan. 
WiinlU'ss, a, be-liawa, be-dam. 
WiinliK'ss, /*. liawa-diiri, bc-Iiiidagi. 
Wind-mill, n. pawan-eLakki;'asiya- 

i-l)ad. 
Window, n. daricha rauzan, tab- 
dan, ransliandan, sbishe ka Jli^O" 

olia ya eh auk at li a. 
AVindt»wv, a, kbirki sii, rausbandan- 

nunui. 
Wind-pipe, n. halq, t^Ut^^'^j S^^^* 

nali, narka^. 
Wind-}>liock, 71. sadnia-i-biid, nU'l" 

Hj'in jo bawa ke bii'is se liuabo. 
Wind-tight, a. jisnien hawa uaja 

sake. 
Windward, n. nikb-i-bad, hawa k* 

rukh, hawa ki taraf. 
Windy, a. ha^ji ki taraf ka, aJi^* 

ki rukh kii, tiifani, khali, behiidfl' 
Wine, n. anguri sharab, angdr kl 

shartib. 
Wine-bibber, w. niai-khor, sharab 

})ine w. 
Winir» II. bilzii, parwaz, lashkar ka 

pallid. 
Wing, 71. par-dar k., urale-jana, 

bi'izii men zakhmi k. 
Winged, a. paranda, bazii-dar, par- 
dar, parand, tez. 
Wing-footed, a. tcz-rau, bad-raftar, 

bad-pa. 
Wingy, a. par-dar, paranda, par ke 

man in d. 
Wink, V. chashm miindna, ankli se 

ishara k., palak marnd, ankh 

chbipana. 
AVinkingly, ad. palak-zani se, kuchli 

ankh niunde hue. 
Winner, n. jitne w., jit-lene w., lu- 

bhane w. 
Winning, a. dil-kash, dil-awez, dil- 

ruba, galib, dil-rhasp, dil-fareb. 
Winnow, a, nsanii, pachhorna, slip 

se ])hatakiia. 
AVinter, n. sarmii, zamistan, jara, 

sit-kal. 



WIS 



323 



WIT 



"Winter-beaten, a. sarmd-zada, jdre 

ka marii hua. 
Win J, a. angiiri-sliarab-ka-maza- 

rakhne w. 
W'ipe, V. ponchhna, jharna, mitana, 

saf k. 
Wipe, n. jliar-ponchh, chapet, chot, 

ghuusa, mukka, luinsi, kliilli. 
WiperV w. pouchlino w., jharne w.; 

jharan, angocliha, ponchhna. 
Wire, n. tar. 
^ire, f. tar se bandhnd, tdr par 

I'akhna. [tar-sa. 

Wiry, a. tar kd ya tar-ka-bana-hna, 
Wire-draw, v. tar-kashi k., barliana, 

2or se khinchna. 
W' ire-drawer, n. tar-kash. 
W"i8, V. sochiia, dliyan k., khayal k. 
^Visdom, n, diinai, danish, khirad, 

aql, ziraki, idnik. 
Wise, a. zi-ilm, danisli-war, danish 

mand, 'acjil, 'aql-niand, dana, 

khirad-mund, zi hosli, zirak,'aliin, 

hunar mand, mjihir, qabil. 
Wise, 71. tarab, tnriq. taur, dbab. 
Wiseacre, n. abmaq kaudan yd be- 

wiiqiif sbakhs. 
Wiseling, n. aql yd ddndi kd jbutlid 

daw a k. w. 
Wisely, ad. dania yd ddnish-mandi 

se, shu*ur se, wuqut'-se, kbirad- 

mandi se, zi boshi se, *aqildna. 
Wish, n. tamaima, armdn, arzii, 

sbauq, khwdbisb, maqsiid, niat- 

liib, cbdb. 
Wisii, V. khwdbisb rakbnd, cbdbnd, 

ragib yd mail b., nuisbtdq b., arzii 

k., la'nat jn barl-dna k. 
"Wisher, w. tamannd k., w., cbdbne 

w., khwdbisb k. w. 
"Wishful, a. musbtdq, drzii-mnnd, 

Tiigih, shayaq, niargiib, pasandi- 

da, dilpasand. 
"Wishfully, ad. arzii-mnndi ydkhwd- 

liish se. sargnrnii shanq ishtiydq 

vd dil-dihi se. 
"Wisp, 71. piild. dnti. 
"Wistful, a. fikr mand, mntnraddid, 

sar-p:arm, shauqin, nuitnwajih. 
"Wistfully, Wistly, ad. snrgarmi 

sbauq zanq dil-dihi yd tan dibi 

se, tawajjiih se. 



Wit, V. jannd, darydft k., malum k. 
Wit, n. zilin, aql, fahm, ziraki, nuk- 

ta par-dazi. zardfat, firdsat, ttz- 

fahmi, idrak. 
Witcli, n. sahira, jddii-garni, dd- 

yaii, dankini. 
Witcli, V. farefta k., girwida k., 

mohnd. 
Witchcraft, n. afsiin-gari, jadii, nai- 

rnng, sahr. 
Witchery, n. afsiin-gari, dil-farebi, 

dil-ruhai, dil-bari, sihr, j; dii. 
Wit-cracker, n. tbatthe-bi.z, khilli 

baz, tbatbolia, lu zzd!, riia; kli ard- 
'With, j)?'ej). se, sath, sang, ba, ma', 

bamrah. 
With, n. lacblacbi patli tahni; 

shakh-i-bed, hent ki tahni. 
Withal, ad, ham, niz, iskc lipar, 

bhi. 
Withdraw, v. baz lend, wnpas k., 

baz-ana, kin»are b., utha-lena, 

pher-lona. 
Withdrawing-room, n, diwdn-i- 

'dmm, baithak-khdna. 
Withe, V. benton yd tahniyon se 

kasnd yd bandhnd. 
Wither, v. kumhland, murjhand 

pataknd, sithd h., siikhnd, sukh- 

iand. 
Withered, a. khusbk, siikhd, mur- 

jhdyd hud, kumhlayd hua, bosida, 

sard hud. 
Withorodness, ft. pazb-murdagi. 
W^ithors, 77. ghore ke shane aur 

gardan kd jor. 
Withhold, r. bdz-rakhna, roknd, 

atkand. 
Within, prep, andar, andariin, bhi- 

tar, bich, men. 
Within, ad. andariin, dariin, bhitari 

taraf. 
Without, prep, be, ba-gair, biln, bi- 

dnn. siwa, ba-juz. beriin, ba-dar, 

udhar. bahdr, (\\\r. 
Without, ad. andar nab in, be-nm. 
AVithout, COT), agar-na, warna, jona. 
Withstand, v. muqabala k., muqd- 

wamat k., baz-rakhnd, sdmna k., 

dii-badii h. 
Withstander, n. muqabala k. w., 

bdz rakhne w. 



WOM 



324 



WOO 



Witliy, n. bed ya bent ka band liiia, 

laclikila. 
Witless, a. be-wnqiif, be-dauish, na- 

dan, kamzarf, imirakh. 
Witlessly, ad. be-wuqiifi se, nu-dani 

so, bila tajwiz. 
Witlessness, n. be-wuqiifi, na-dtini, 

kam'aqli. 
Witling, n. fahm zarufat ya latafat 

Re magrtir sliaklis, za'il-ul-^aql, 

kam, aql. 
Witness, n. shaluulat, shaliidi, ga- 

walii; sbaliid, gawuh. 
Witness, v, gawahi d., sliahadat d., 

apni ankh se deklmii. 
Witnesser, n, shabid, gawab, sba- 

badat ya gawabi d. vr. 
Witticism, n. nukta-pardazi, nukta, 

bazla, latifa. 
Wittily, ad, zanifat latafat ya lati- 

fa-goi se, ziraki ya tez fabnii se, 

bila-bazi-se. [zarafat. 

Wittiness, n. latifa-goi, latafat, 
Wittingly, ad. dida-o-diinista, 'ania- 

dau, qasdan, jjin-biijb-kar. 
Witty, 71. zarif, bwzir-jawab, zaki, 

kbusb-fabni, zabin, tez-fabni, zi- 

aql, zirak. 
Wive, V. jon'i k., nikab ya slia^li k. 
Wizard, n. jadii-gar, afsiin-gar, 

saliir. 
Wo ad, n. ok nab at jo rangne men 

kam ati bai. 
Woe. n. gam, andob, ranj, afsos, 

alam, clareg, niatam. 
Woe-bogone, a, ranj ya nfsos men 

garq, nibayat ranjida dil-gir. 
Woful, a. ^am-gin, andob-nak, 

matami, taklifzada, baqir, zalil, 

kbanib. 
Wofully, ad. gam-nal«i, gam-gini, 

ya taklif dibi se, ztdil ya kbarab 

taur se. 
Wofiilness. 71. taklif, bala, musibat, 

bad bakbti. 
Wold, n. maidan, jaiigal, ban. 
Wolf, n. gurg, bboriya, bbernba.. 
Wolf-dos:, n, ek qism ka nibayat 

mazliiir. kntta. 
Wolfisb, Wolvisb, a. gnrg sji. 
Woman, n. zan, aurat^ laiinri, istri; 

— ;/?/. women. 



Woman, v, narm yd mnlaim k. 
Wonianed. a. zan ko satb uuittaliiJ 

jaise iiikali ke rii se. 
Wonianbcad, W'^onianbood,?!. anrat- 

))ana, ourat ki tifat, zau-i-sirat, 

niimard. 
Wonianisb, a. mastiirdti, zanann, 

nazuk. 
Womanize, r. zanana na-mard iiaz- 

nin yd nazuk k. 
Womanly, a. zan yd anrat kelyiq, 

zanana, nazuk. 
Womb, n. zib-dan, rib am, bachcha- 

dan ; gar. 
Worn I), V. gird k., balqa-bandi t, 

glu^rnd, posliiilgi nifn janna. 
Wombv, a. farakb, wasi', kush«da. 
Won, r, rabna. basna, tikna; pana, 

l>asil k., jitna. 
Won, w. maskan. makan, gbar. 
Wont, a. adi, kbo-gir. 
Wcmt, r. adi b., kbo-gir h. 
Wont, n. dastiir/adat, kbo, kbaslat, 

ma' mill. 
Wonted, a, adi, ma'iniili, dasturi. 
Won tod n ess, n. dasliir, ma'mffl, 

kbo-gari. 
Wontloss, a. gair-i-adi, gair-i-ma'- 

mul. 
AVondor, n. ta'jjub, tabaiyur, 'a jab, 

bairat, ba'is-i-ta*ajjnb ya sabab-i- 

tabaiyur, 'ajib-o-nadir sbai. 
Wonder, v. bairan b.. ta'fijjub k. 
Wonderful, a. bairat-afza,'ajab, 

bairat-angez. 
Wonderful, a. 'ajib taur se, bairat- 



i 



angozi se. 



Wondorfulness. n. nadarana, anoliba- 

pan, bairat angezi. 
Wonderment, n, ta'ajjub, tabaiynr. 
Wonder-struck, a. bairat zada, 

muta'ajjib, bairan. 
Wonder-working, a. 'ajaibat k. w., 

'ajaib k. w., sbubada-baz. 
Wondrous, a. 'ajib, bairat-angez, 

bairat, bairat-afza, cbaniatkari. 
Wondrously, ad. 'ajib taurse, bairat- 

angozi se, mutabaiyiir. 
Woo, r. naz-o-niyaz k, nikab ke 

liye isbq-bazi k., ba-jidd-bulana. 
Wood, 71. jangal, ban, katb, lakri. 
Woodbine, n, ek qism ki nabatat. 



WOR 



325 



WOR 



"Wood-cock, n. ek qism ka jangli 



murg. 



Wood-drink, n. dawa ki lakri ka 

josbanda. 
Wooded, a. lakri katli ya peron se 

bliara hiia. 
Wooden, a. chobi, lakri ka, katb ka. 
Wood-god, n. jangjil ka dewta. 
Woodiness, n. kalliaila-pan, banaila- 

pun, jangli. ban. 

Wood-land, n. daraklitistan, jangal, 
Wood-land, a. jangal ya ban se 

bhara liua, jangli, banoilii. 
\Vood-lark, n, ek qism ki chiriya jo 

lawa ki manind hoti hai. 
"Wood-louse, n. katli ka kira, lakri 

ka kirti. 
"XVood-man, "Woods-man, n. hezam- 

knsb ya tabarzan, jangal ka ek 

'ubda-dar, sliikar-baz, shikari, sai- 

yad. 
W^ood-monger, n, bfzam-farosh, 

cliob-farosh, lakri-bechne w. 
"Wood-note, n, jangli parand ki si 

kliush awaz. 
Wood-nymph, n, ban-debi. 
Wood-offering, n. horn ki lakri, 

lakri jo bedi par jalai jati hai. 
"Wood-pecker, n, kath-phora, ek 

parand. 
"Wood-pigeon, n. jangli-kabutar, 

gola-kabiitar. 
Woodward, n, daroga-i-jangal, jan- 
gal ka rakhwala. 
"Woody, n. jangal ya peron se bhara 

hiia, kath ka; banela, jangli. 
Wooer, n. ishq-baz, shi'idi ke liye 

'aurat ki khushamad k. w. 
Woof, n, piid, bharni, ban a. 
Wooingly, ad. thahrane ya tikane 

ke liye khush-amad, dil-rubai se. 
Wool, 71. pashm ya siif, ronan, un. 
Wool-comber, n. lin saf k. w. 
Woolfel, n, pashm-dar-cliamr&, 

chamra jispar lin lagi ho. 
Woollen, ) a. ])asl»mi, nni, pash- 
Woolly, J niina, banati. 
Word, w. sukhan, kalma, lafz, bat, 

bachan, lugat, shabd, qil-o-qal, 

tazkira, guft-gi\, zikr-mazkiir, 

takrar, wa'da, iqrar, bayan, kha- 

bar, ni'mat, mantar. 



Word-catcher, n. lafzon men niikta 
chini harfgiri ya i'tiraz-i-la-husil 
k. w. 
W order, n. mutakallim, goya, go- 

yanda, natiq, kalani k. w. 
Wordish, a. lafzi, tiil-kalam, ziya- 

da-go, tiil-sukhan. 
Wordishness, n. tariq-i-bayan, tiil- 
i-kalani, tiil-i-sukhan, ziyada-goi. 
Wordless, a. be-zaban, la-sukhan, 

khamosh. 
Wordy, a. tiil-kalam, tdl-i-siikhan, 

ziyada-go. 
W^ork, n. niihnat, mashnqqat, shng], 

kar-guzari. ii'l, kirdar, naqsha, 

san*at; kitab; kar-ckobi, zar-dozi. 
Work, V. niihnat k., kam k., asar 

k., josh khana, mihnai se paida 

k.. banana, ragib ya mjiil k. 
Work-feiloTT, n, ham-kar, ham- 

khidmat. 
Work-house, n. kar-khana, kilr- 

gah, langar-gah, garih-khana. 
Working, n, kar, harakat, josh, 

kar-o-bar, kam, lib a), antaw. 
Working-day, n. roz-i-mihnat, kam 

karne ka din. 
Workman, n. mazdiir, quli, kari- 

gar, dastkar. 
Workman-like, a. hoshiyj'r, mahir, 

hunar-mand, gnni, chatur. 
Workmanly. a. mahir, hoshiyar, hn- 

nar-mand, guni. 
Workmanly, ad. hunar-mandi ho- 

shiyari ya kari-gari se. 
Workmanship, n. san'at, kjiri-gari, 

dast-kari, hunar-mandi, hunar, 

hikmat. 
Work-master, n. kari-gar, dast-kar, 

mazdiir, kam era. [dukan. 

Work-shop, n. kar-khana, k{.r-gah, 
Work-woman, n. mazdiirni, chikan- 

dozi men mdhir 'aurat, tahlui, 

bandi. 
World, n. khilqat, j ah fin, 'alam, 

dunya, dahr, hasti, dunyd-dari, 

dunya-parasti, rozgar parasti, 

khalaiq ki suhbat, bani-adam, 

z am {in a, rozgar. 
Worldling, n. dunya-dar, zamana- 

parast, dunya-parast, rozgar-pa- 

rast. 



WOR 



32G 



WRA 



"Worldly, a. dunjawi, rozfru-parast, 
zaniau-i-para«t, duiiya-dur, ba- 
shri, insani. 
Worldly, ad. is diinya ke bjlb men, 

is dahr va hasti ko bab iru«n. 
Worldly-niifidediu»8R. n. zaniana-pa- 
rasti, duiiya prtrasti, dnnya-djiri. 
Worm, n. kinu, kini, kinnak; pecb, 
paBbcniani, nadamat, qalq, ta- 
assuf. 
"Worm, V. abistnjri aiir posbida^i se 
kam k., kutte ki jibb ko tale se 
kucbb katna. 
"Wormy, a. pnr-kirm, galiz, kbaki, 

faromjiya, paji, kljafif. 
Worm-eaten, a, kirm kliurda, pu- 

nina, bosida. gbuna buii. 
Worm-eat«mncss, n. kirm-kburdagi, 

bo sid a gi. 
Worn-out, a. bc-jan. gaya-guzra, sal 

kburda, mnzmaliil. 
Worry, v. tang k., balak k., pbar 

kbanii, sattina, cbitbrana. 
Worse, a. bad-tar, za bun-tar, kba- 

rab-tur, sabso kliarab. 
Worse, n, nnqsan, zarar, ziyaii, 

kbalal, gbata, bad-tnr abai. 
Worse, ad. ba<l tari se, zabiin tar 

■taur se, kbanibi se. 
Worsen, r. bad-tar k. ya b., sab se 

kbarab k. 

Worsbip, n. martabn, waqr, rntba, 

tn'zini, takriin, ta*zim kii kbitab 

jaise liazrat kbuda wand pir-mur- 

sbid kbuda-wand-o-ni'mat wagai- 

ra;.parastisli, 'ibadat, sijda. puja. 

Worsbip, V, parastisb k., Mbadat ya 

sijda k., takrini k., tazini k., 

puja k., jidar k. 

Worsbipfnl, a. wajib-nl-tazim, mu- 

'azzani, ninkarram, pujaneke laiq. 

Worsbi|)fully, ad, ba-adab, taziman. 

Worsbipper, n. 'abid, 'ibadat k. w., 

pnjari, sewak, das, bbagat. 
Worst, a. bure se bura, nasbt, niba- 
yat kbarab, la-cbar, la-'ilaj, bad- 
tarin. 
Worst, V. bbagaua, tor d., sbikast 

d., barana. 
Worsted, n. lini sut. 
Wort, n. ek qism ka darakbt, sabza, 
jari, biiti. 



Wortb, r. waqi' h., sar-zad h., njizi 

b., jigirnji. 
Wortb, n, qiinat, baba. kbiibi, wasf, 

liyaqat, fazilat, bunar, jauLar, 

qa<lr. i'tibar, waqr, wazn. 
VVortii, r/. banibar, niuwafiq, saza- 

war bliq, muf?iabiq<|, mustaiijib. 
Wortbily, wL liyaqat se, qjibll- 

yat se. 
Wortbin^ss. n. liyaqat. janbar, wnsf, 

saziiwari, qadr, kbiibi, fazilat, 

buznrgi. 
Wortb I ess, a, be-qadr, na-ba kar, 

na-kani, na-kas. iia-hii<|, na-cMz, 

kljanih-o-kliaHta. 
Wortldessness, n. na ba-kari, be- 

qadri, kam-qadri. 
Woriliy, a. mnstanjib, eazawar, 

mustJiluVjq, qiniati, garan-maya, 

kbi'ib, nek. 
Wot. V. jjinna. 
VVonnd, n. zakbm, jirahat, zarar, 

ziyjin. gbaw. obini. 
Wound, r. zakbmi k., gliayal k. 
Wounded, a. gbayal, zukbuii, raaj- 

riib. kburda.. 
Wounder, w. zakbmi k. w., gbayal 

k. w. 
Woundless, a. b(»-zakbm, nji-mura- 

kin-ul-majrub, bina trluiw ka. 
Wrangle, v, josb-kbarosb se takrar 

ya innnjiqasba Ic, qaziya k., jha- 

garna, larni. ragarna. 
Wrangb*. Wrangling, n. josh kha- 

rosli ki takrar, qaziya, mnnaqa- 

sba. jliagra, larai, kbat-rag, kaJui- 

l<abi. 
Wrangler, v. takniri, jbagndti, buj- 

jati ya parkbasb jo; wub talib-ul- 

Mlm jisne 'ilm-i-riy;.zi men fazi- 
lat kci kbitab pava bo. 
Wrap. 7'. tabana, tab k., malfiif k., 

sluiniil k., lapetnu. 
Wrap])er, Wrapping, w. lifafa, bas- 

ta, betban, lapetan, dboti. 
Wratb, n. gazab. qabr, gussa, krodh. 
Wratbfnl. a. gazab-nak. qabr-nak, 

qabr-aliida, kbasbm-nak. krodlii. 
Wratbfully, ad. gazab se, qabr se, 

kbasbm se, gusse se. 
Wratbless, a. be-gazab, sbdista, ba- 

qarar. 



\ 



wm 



327 



WRO 



/Vreak, v, nikulna, ka hnu, tonia, 

chalaua, dalna; iiitiqaiu badla ya 

'iwaz lena. 
Wreakful, a. kiiia-kasli, kina-wa 

ju inLit|am-kat^h, gazab nak. 
'V^reakless, a. gair-i-kina war; za'if, 

kam-zor. iia-taAViin. 
VVreatli, n. pecli, luoror, lapet, sili- 
} ra, 111 alii, 
breath, Wreathe, v. lapetua, mar- 

orna, glioma, uljhanii. 
^Vreatlly, Wreathed, a. pech-dar, 

pecliida, sihra-dar. 
^Vreck, n. jahaz-sliikani, jaluiz ki 

gfiratgari. tabahi, kharabi, inhi- 

dam, halaki. 
^Vreck, v, tabah k., gtirat k., to'na, 

bar bad k. [oh a up at. 

^V recked, a, gharat, tabnli, kharab, 
Wreckfal, a. jaliaz-sliikaiii k. w., 

barbrid tal»ali ya halak k. w. 
Wren, n. ok qism ki clihoti clii ya. 
Wrench, v. ainth-leiia, aincli-U'iui, 

niaror-lena, khiijch-lemi, jhuktlua. 
Wrest, a. ainthua, iiiiK'thiia, maror- 

na. khinch-lena, ulat d. 
IVrester. w. iuaro!no w., umethne 

w., chhin-lene w., bigarno w., 

ulat.d. w. 
tVrostle, V. kushti k., kushti-hirna, 

zor-nuiriia 
Wrestk^r, n. kusliii-gar, kushti-baz, 

pahhv. u, patlia. 
Wrestling, n. kushti bazi, kushti- 

gavi, zor-azmai, uiaiiaqasha, qa- 

ziya 
Wrestling-yard, w. akhara, mai<lan. 
Wretch, n. kaui-baklit, bad-baklit, 

iia-kura, nakas, nikauima, cliin- 

diil, piipi. 
VV retched, a. kam-bakht, had-baklit, 

iiiiskin, azurda-htil, ashufta, pa- 

reshan, za'if, a('at-za(hi, kliasta. 
VV'i'etchedly, ad. kani-bakhli so, bad- 

bakhti so, be-kasi sc. 
Wretchedness n. kaiii-bakliti, bad- 

bakhti, be kasi. dalidir, be-nasibi. 

kaiiiinagi, ])asti, zilhit. 
Wri.i^gle, V. tarapna, doUina. hila k., 

talnialaiiii, knlbulaiui, chhatkaiui 
Wri'jht, n. uajjar, kari-gai', duriid- 

gar, baihi. 



Wring, r. marorna, nichorna dj'ibna, 

malna, aintlma, taiapna, chluu- 

Iciia, sataiui, dukli d., jahhia. 
Wring, n. kalmalahat, kulbulahat, 

tahiiaiahat. 
Wringer, n. maroine w., niehorue 

\v., ih'ibne "\v. 
Wrinkle, n, chin, shikan, sikoran, 

jhurri, chunnat. 
Wrinkle, v, shikan-d«ir k., sikorna, 

jhurri-pama, nahani-war k. 
Wrist, n. kalai, pahuncha. gatta. 
Wristband, n. angarkhe ki btiijh ki 

inohri jo kaldi ya gatte par rahti 

hai. 
AVrit, n. nawishta, parwana, talab- 

nania, dastak. 
Write, V. likhna, irqaiu k., tahrir k., 

raqani, k., qahun-band k., naqsh 

k., tank lenii; gant^i^a, biindhna, 

tasnif k. 
AVriter, v, likhnc w., raqini, katib, 

muhairir, nawisanda, uiunshi, 

niutasaddi, musannif. [ua. 

Writhe, v. aintlma, unietlma, iiichor- 
AVriting, n. irqani, tahrir, tarqim, 

tasnif, insha-paidazi, racjam- 

khatt, mukiiib, navishta, nuskha, 

dasl-awez. [eh a. 

Writing-box, n. qalanidan, sandiiq, 
Writing-master, n. kliush-nawis, 

niunt^hi, liklma siklane \v. 
W'rong, n. zarar, ziyan, nuqsan, 

zabar-dasli, galati, khata, zabiln, 

ziyadali. 
Wrong, a. na-haqq, be-in saf, na- 

durust, zabiin, galat, gair-sahih, 

gair-i-wiijib, na uinwafiq. 
Wrong, V. be-insafi k., * galti k., 

zarar pahunchami, zulni k., sakh- 

ti k. 
Wronger, n. zalim. galat, k. w., 

jafa k. w., be-in saf. 
W roiigful, a. nuizirr, ziyan kar, na- 
haqq, be-ja. 
Wrongfully, ad. be-insafi so, be-ja, 

na-ha<]q. 
AVronglessly, ad. la-insaf, instif ya 

haqi] ke ni se. 
Wrongly, ad. he-insafi so, khalaan, 

sahwaii, galatan. 
Wronguess, n. buiai, bhiil, chnk. 



YAR 



B28 



YEO 



tVrong-doer, n. zalim, zulm-kar, be- 

insaf, gal at kam k. w. 
Wrong-head,; Wrong-headed, a. 

khadsar, kaj-falini, ziddi, kaj ran. 
Wroth, a. gazab-uak, qahr nak, 

qahr-aliida, khashm-gin. [nda. 
Wrought, a. kashida, saldita, mas, 
Wry, a. aintlia, terha, tircha, benra, 

ultii huii. 
Wry, f. marorna, bigt'irna, ulat d,, 

tirchii k. , kliarab k. 
Wryness, n. terhai, terlia-pan.^ 
AVry neck, n ek qisin ki chiriya; kaj- 



gardun. 



X. 



X. Angrozi huriif tahaj ji ka chaw- 
bi.5wa'A liaraf, aur Hiinil adad men 
das Ue liye istanuil hotii hai. 

Xebec, n. tin maatul ka ek chhota 
jahaz. 

Xero[)hagy, n. siikha khana khana, 
khushk cliizen kliana. 

X(^ rotes, 71. jisui ki khushki. 

Xij)hias, n, ek qisni ki maehhli. 

Xylogra[)liy, n. lakri par kanda-gari 
ya qalanikari. 



Y. 



Y, Angrezi huriif tahaiji ka pach- 

chiswan haraf. 
Yacht, 71. sair ke liye ek taur ka 

bahut anista chhota jahaz. 
Yager, n. shikari, shikar k. w. ; chita, 

sher; sais jo gari ki pichhe rahte 

ha in. 
Yahoo, n. wahshi admi, be wacjiif ya 

ganwar admi. 
Yam, n. zaniin-qand, ratal li. 
YaukcH>. n. Amrika kii admi; chalak 

aur dagabaz iUUi^i. 
Y;ip, V. bijo'jkna, nala-o-zari k. 
Yard, u. salian, pesh-gah, pain gah; 

g;(Z, dirah. 
Yard-land. 71. ek parch a-i-zamin jo 

p:ii:d;iriih ekar se le kar chalis 

ckar tak ka hot a hai. 
Yard-wand, n, gaz bhar ka nap, gaz 

qnlni. 

Ynrc, a. dnidda, toz, taiyar chust, 
chatur, chdldk. 



Yarely, ad, amadagi dil, dilii ya dil- 

sozi se. chaiaki se. 
Yarn. 7i. lin ka siit, uni siit. 
Yarrow, ek paudha, ek chhota per. 
Yawl, n. jaliRZ ke sath ki chhoti 

nao, ya dongi. 
Yawn. V. janduina, jamhui leiia, 

angrana, nmnli phaina. 
Yawning, a. jandiai, phaila hna, 

kliwab-aliida, kushadn, khulti hua. 
Ye, pr, ap-log, turn-log, shnnia, tum. 
Yea, ad. bale, are ya alb;itla, ban. 
Yean. v. janna, by an a. bachcliji d. 
Yeanling, 71. bhei; ya bhe: i ka bach- 

cha, lela. 
Year, n. sal, san, sanimat, baras, 

barakh. 
Yearling, n. yak-sdla janyrar, ek sal 

ka janwar. 
Yearling, a. yak sala, ek barsa. 
Yearly, a. bar sal h. w., sal bhar 

rahne w. ya tikne w., sal iy an a. 
Yearly, ad. sal-ba-sal, bar baras. 
Yearn, v. marorna, ainthna, moror 

khanji, chahna, tarasnji, kurhana, 

s a tail a. 
Yearning, n. khwahish, muhabbat, 

shafaqat. 
Yeast, n. khamir. tari. 
Yeasty, a. a. jhtig-dar, kaf-dar, kha- 
mir sa. 
Yell, r. chillana, chichiyuna, ching- 

harna, chikhniarna. 
Yell, n. chillabat chikli, chinghar, 

na'ra. 
Yellow, a. pila. hardiya, peori-sa, 

zard, asfar, basanti, zafarani. [h. 
Yellow, V. pila k.. ya h. zard k., ya 
I Yellowish, a. zardi-mail, zardi Uyo, 

pila-sii. 
Yellowish n ess, 7i. zardi-maili, kuchb 

])ilai, ya pila-pan. 
Yellowness, n. znrdi, pilai j{\ pila- 

]'an, hardiyai. 
Yelp, V. bliiinkna, bhalinkna. 
Yeoman, n. chhota zamindar, alaqa- 

dcir, jagirdar, mal-guzar, niustajir, 

kahst-kar. 
Yeomanly, «. chhote ^jamin-dar 

alaqa-dar jagir-dar ya kasht-kar 



YOTJ 



S29 



ZEB 



Yerk, v. jhafeakna, jharna, kora-sat- 

kaiui, koni-marnti. 
Yes, ad. han, hiin, bale, are. 
Yester, n. guzashta di-roz, pichhle 

dill k.i pcsliiii. 
Yest(3i\lay, n. di-roz, pichhla-din, 

kal, [din. 

Yesterdny, ad. kal ko din, pichlile- 
Yesterniglit, n. di-shab, kal-ki rat. 
Yesternight, ad, di-shab. kal ki rat. 
Yet, ad. tji-hain, am ma, m.igar, le- 
kiii ya iila. halarike, ba-wajddc-ke. 
Yet, ad. 'alawa, isko-siwa, ablii, fil- 

waqi', bill. 
Yew, n. ek qism ka hameslia-bahar- 

dar daraklit. 
Yex, n. hicliki, hikka. 
Yield, V. paid a k., bar-lana, bakhsh- 

na ya ziihir k., taslimk., qabul k., 

qail li., tarkk., sonpna, hawala k., 

imiti' h., adliiu h.. dena. 
Yielder, n. bar-lane w., paida k. w., 

qsil)ul k. w., muti' h. w., dene w. 
Yieldingly, ad. riza-mandi se, tabi*- 

dari se. 
Yiehliiigness, n. raza-mandi, tabi'- 

dari, iui'at, gulami, zanjir, qula- 

ba, silsila, gath-jora. 
Yoke, n. jiia, alamat-i-guUmi, Lalqa 

ba-goslii. 
Yoke, V. jotna, naihna, jorna, gu- 

lani k., rokna, asir k. 
Yoke-fellow, Yoke-mate, n, sathi, 

ham-kar, ham-nan. 
Yolk, n, ande ki zardi, zardi-i-baiza. 
Yon, 
Yond, 
Yonder 
Yon, Yond, Yonder, ad. ndliar, 

sarane. 
Yore, ad, zamana-i-sabiq, qadim 

zamane men. 
Yon, p. turn, ap, turn ko, tumheji, 

ap ko. 
Your, pr. tnmliarji, ap-ka, apna. 
Yours, pr. tumluini, ap-ka, apna. 
Yourself, j9r. tum-lii, ap-hi-apne-hi- 

ko. 
Young, a, kam-'umr, kam-sinn, 

khurd sal, chhota, nau-khez, kach- 

cha, kham, kam-zor, na-waqif, 

nd'dun. 



-ka-ud- 



I a. wuli, wahan-ka-n 
C har-ka, samne ka. 



Young, n. bachcha, nau-jawan-log, 

— (with younr/) hamila. 
Youngish, a. kisi qadr j awan, khurd* 

sal, kam sinn, kam-'umr ya nau- 
khez. 
Youngling, n. khurd sal ya kam-sinn 

j tin war, bachcha. 
Youngly, a. j awan, nau-j awan, khurd 

sal, tiiza. 
Youngster, Younker, n. nau-j awan 

shakhs, lark;*, kodak, chhokra, 

launda. 
Youth, n. jawani, shabab ya buld- 

gat, jawdn. jawan log. 
Youthful, a, khurd-sal. kam-sinn, 

kam 'umr, sagir-us-sinu, nau- 

jawan, muta'alliq-i-jawani, kham, 

nmi-khez. 
Youthfully, ad, jawani se, tazagi se, 

shabab se. 
Youthf Illness. Youthhood, n. jawani, 

shabab, buliigat, bulug. 
Youthly, \ a. nau-j awan, khurd sal. 
You thy, j kam-sinn, kam-'umr, 

nau-khez, jawan. 
Yule, n. hnzrat Isa ki paida ish ki, 

khushi ka roz jo har sal mah-i- 

disamber ki pachchisvun tarikh 

ko hota hai, yane-baru-din. 



z. 



Z, Angrezi huriif tahajji ka clihab- 

biswan haraf. 
Zany, n, maskhara, naqqal, bhanr. 
Zany, v, maskhara-pan k., sawang 

k., naql-k. 
Zeal, n. sar garmi, garmi, hararat, 

ishtiyaq, shauq ya 'ishq. 
Zealot, n, niliayat sar-garm, tan- 

dih, pur josh shakhs, musta'idd 

shakhs. 
Zealotical, a. bahut sar-orarm, dil- 

soz, jan-fishan, musta'idd, jan soz. 
Zealotry, n, tan-dihi, tundi, tezi, 

josh, sar-garmi. 
Zealous, a. sar-garm, shnuqin, mush- 

taq, dil-soz, mustn'iild. 
Zealously, ad, sar-garmi. tezi ya jan- 

fishani se, kamal-ishtiyaq ya 

shauq^ so. 
Zebra, u, ^ox-^^'t, ^^\'\x-v\'^^^^J^^x 



^D 



y.us 



330 



zoo 



Zecliin, n. aslirafi, nnilir. 

Zedoary, ^«. zurumbiid, aril)ti-lialili. 

Zenith, n. eaiiit-iir-ias, saint-\n»- 

iiazar. [naBiiii. 

Zephyr, n. bad-i-garbi, bad-i-saba ya 
Zero, n. sifr, Bunn. 
Zc8t, n, lu'irangi ka chliilka jo angii- 

ri shanib men niclior diya juta 

lini; ziiiqa, lazzat, maza. 
Zigzng, n. kaj-o-peoli, .iincha-iiicLa. 
Zigzag, a. t:aj-\lar-o-pech-dar. 
Zigzag, v. kaj-diir-b-pech-dar baiui- 

nii. iasjt. 

Zinc, n. dasta, ck qism ki dhat» 



Zoned, a. kaniar-baud Landhe In;?, 
la kaniar-band. 

Zo(»l(>gicii], a. biyan-i-haiwjiiiat mr.n- 
tub, ninta'alliq-i-ilni-i-liaiAv;iiiai, 
ianwaicij ke bayan ke niuta'nlliq. 

Zoograi'Lical, a, umla'alliq-i-'ilm-i- 
he>vanat. 

Zoogni]»hy. «. biyan-i-haiwanat, ilni- 
i-lini>vanat, i{Ui>vnron ka bavan, 

Zoograplior, n. liaiwi.nat ka liul 
baytiii k. \s\, ahl-i-ilm-i-LuiwiJiai, 
ilm-i-haiwanat di.n. 

Zoologibt. n, haiwunat ka lial La- 
van k. "^v.. ilnw-Lawanat dan. 



Zincons, a. jasti. - -^ [chakr. . Zoology, ?». 'ilm-i-baiAvunut, jiin>Ya 



Zodiac, n. ni!ntaqat-iu-buVuj ras- 
Zodiacal, a. muta'alliq-i-^intaqatul* 

buriij, rascbakr^. ' •: 
Zone, n. kanitlf-baud, pajaka, diiira, 

luuhit, 



'<. 



ron ka baivan. 
Zoophyte, f^^ "\to1i nabat jiski hai- 
vani kliiUsivat hoti liai, "\yo1i hhvA 
jiski kluissiyat nabiiti aur liaiTriini 
donoy holi bai. 



/ 



V 




^ V 



U'yAy 




A>j;^i.