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A BRIEF 



BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 



COMPILED AND ARRANGED BY 



THE REV. CHARLES HOLE, B.A. 

TRINITY COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE; 



WITH ADDITIONS AND COEEECTIONS 



BY 



WILLIAM A. WHEELER, M. A, 

ASSISTANT EDITOR OF WEBSTER'S DICTIONARIES, AND AUTHOR OF "A DICTIONARY 
OF THE NOTED NAMES OF FICTION," ETC. 




NEW YORK: 

PUBLLSHED BY HURD AND HOUGHTON. 

1866. 



Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1866, by 

Hurd and Houghton, 

in the Clerk's Office of the District Court for the Southern District of 

New York. 



555lo 

CT/03 ./fc '\ULcj 




riverside, Cambridge: 

stereotyped and printed by 

h. houghton and company. 



INTRODUCTORY NOTE BY THE AMERICAN EDITOR. 



The serviceable little Dictionary of the Rev. Mr. Hole — 
reprinted by arrangement with the English publishers — 
was placed in my hands with the request that I would make 
such additions of American names as would fit it for use 
and acceptance in this country. Supposing that the labor 
involved would be but slight, I readily undertook the task. 
An examination of the work, however, soon satisfied me that 
extensive additions and alterations were needed ; for, while 
it was apparent that the compiler was justly entitled to the 
praise of having produced a manual embodying in a con- 
densed form a large amount of biographical memoranda, and 
of having taken especial pains to secure correctness in the 
important matter of dates, it was equally evident that much 
which the users of the book might reasonably look for with 
the expectation of finding, had been omitted. 

To point out the defects of a book which, after all, 
shows great industry, conscientious research, and general 
accuracy, is an ungrateful duty ; but justice to the public 
and myself, as well as to the English editor, requires that 
I should state the limits of my own revisionary labor and 
responsibility, and, in doing this, I shall necessarily indicate 
some of the deficiencies and imperfections of the original 
work. 

My attention was directed, in the' first place, to the col- 
lection and insertion of American names, of which only a 
very meager list is given in the English publication. The 
additions which I have made amount to many hundreds, 
and include such names as Arnold, Burr, Choate, Douglas, 
Foote, Gallatin, Hancock, Marion, Otis, Paulding, Percival, 



IV INTRODUCTORY NOTE. 

Pocahontas, Randolph, Standish, Sumter, Taney, Wirt, and 
many others. There are some, it is true, of much less note 
than these, yet they are important in a work designed for 
circulation in America. 

To carry out more fully the plan of the book, and make 
it still more useful and acceptable, I have added a large 
number of European names of undoubted importance which 
the English editor had omitted, and which one would natu- 
rally expect to find in a Avork of this sort ; as, for example, 
Abraham-a-Sancta Clara, Banim, Chlopicki, De Wette, Im- 
mermann, Miaulis, Passow, Topffer, Torquemada, &c. 

In not a few instances, I have been able to supply missing 
dates ; while of dates erroneously given or marked as doubt- 
ful, I have corrected or verified a still larger number. 

The orthography of the names has received much of my 
attention. Besides rectifying some grave mistakes, and some 
hardly less grievous inconsistencies, I have been at a good 
deal of pains to supply accents in the French, German, and 
other Continental names, which are for the most part printed 
without them in the English book, and have in consequence 
a very awkward and unfamiliar look. It is not always easy, 
however, to determine what accent a particular letter should 
have, or whether it should have any, as authorities are some- 
times at variance. A notable example of this is Fenelon, 
which in some standard works of reference is printed, though 
incorrectly, Fenelon. 

The English edition of this Dictionary gives the month 
and day as well as the year of death, but not the month and 
day of birth, though by most persons the latter would be 
considered no less important than the former. For this and 
for other reasons, it has been thought advisable to give, in 
this reprint, nothing more than the years of birth and death, 
which are all, probably, that the consulter of the book will 
generally require. 

Some minor changes, deemed to be improvements, are 
perhaps scarcely worth mentioning : such as the substitution 
of the customary and legitimate abbreviations of common 
Christian names, or their full forms, for the uncouth and 
arbitrary contractions adopted by the English editor, — Fees. 



INTRODUCTORY NOTE. v 

for Frances, Hy. for Henry, Jam. for James, Jph. for Joseph, 
and the like ; the re-arrangement of individuals of the same 
surname according to the alphabetical order of their Chris- 
tian names, — the usual method in Biographical Dictionaries, 
— and not according to the order of their deaths ; and the 
frequent amendment or modification of the compendious 
biographical information attached to the names for the pur- 
pose of identifying the individuals who bore them. In gen- 
eral, however, the intention has been to adhere to the plan 
of the English work ; and hence the editor's rule of substi- 
tuting the English equivalents of foreign Christian names for 
the vernacular forms has been almost uniformly followed, 
though not without much misgiving and dissatisfaction. 

After the stereotyping had proceeded as far as the middle 
of the letter E, there came into my hands a copy of the sec- 
ond London edition, containing a list of some hundreds of 
omitted names. From this point onward, I incorporated into 
the body of the work such of these names as I had not 
already inserted ; the remainder, together with some other 
names which had either been overlooked, or which belonged 
to persons very recently deceased, are given in an appendix. 
(See p. 442.) 

It is in contemplation to follow this work with a com- 
panion volume, on the same general plan, devoted to dis- 
tinguished living characters. 

Having long felt the want of a comprehensive and thor- 
oughly trustworthy biographical index, such as the present 
compilation aspires to be, and knowing well the great liability 
to error in any work containing so many thousands of names 
and dates, I shall thankfully avail myself not only of public 
criticism, but of any corrections or suggestions that may be 
privately communicated to me. 

Wm. A. "Wheeler. 

Roxbuky, Massachusetts, March, 1866. 



PREFACE. 



The principal object of this work is to afford ready informa- 
tion of the births and deaths of deceased persons, more or 
less noteworthy, of all countries and periods. Biographical 
dictionaries on the ordinary plan, besides being more and 
more voluminous in proportion to their value, and. conse- 
quently more cumbrous to consult for a passing occasion, fall 
necessarily and rapidly into chronological arrears ; while a 
less pretending book, like the present, by allowing usually no 
more than a line to a single name, containing, therefore, 
many more entries than even some bulky quartos of bio- 
graphical matter, and so being for the mere purpose of the 
above-named dates more serviceable than they, stands also 
from its size a greater chance of frequent reprints, and keep- 
ing its information level with the times. This is the claim 
it ventures to put forth to the notice and favor of the public. 
It hopes to lie upon the desk, an unobtrusive companion of 
other books of many sorts, to give a reader its rapid answer 
whenever he is tempted to pause at a name, and ask no more 
than — " When did he live ? " 

In explanation of the contents, it will be necessary to pref- 
ace a few brief remarks. The additions, for instance, that 
will be found attached to the names, are not to be under- 
stood as intended vainly to furnish any condensed biograph- 
ical information, nor always to indicate the pei^son's title to 
a place in a biographical list, but chiefly for identifying the 
individual ; which will be felt a matter of some utility when 
it is remembered how frequently talents of the same descrip- 
tion run in families, and how successive generations of the 
same name — on the Continent especially — appear as paint- 



viii PREFACE. 

ers, engravers, printers, and scholars. Again, to avoid con- 
fusion, and secure a more complete distinction of the greater 
personages, others bearing the same surnames are frequently 
added, and this is the apology for the appearance of some 
that might be considered in themselves too obscure to deserve 
insertion. The Italics within brackets in all cases indicate 
some production of the pen, or some work of art ; and these, 
too, are for assisting in the identification, rather than for 
marking the special claim to distinction ; for in innumerable 
instances of prolific genius it would be quite impossible to 
select any single production as a chef-d'oeuvre, though fre- 
quently it will be found that the work quoted is one upon 
which a reputation rests. The Italics without brackets are 
confined to a second, or an assumed, or an original name, or 
perhaps a sobriquet by which, in occasional instances, a per- 
son is best known. A figure that is not of established cer- 
tainty is marked by an asterisk [interrogation point]. In 
cases where an individual has had a separate biographer, this 
is indicated by the letter L., or the word Life. 

At the close of his undertaking, the compiler has become 
abundantly aware, from experience, of the truth of a com- 
mon remark, that there is nothing so liable to error and cor- 
ruption as that most happy invention- of figures ; and he be- 
lieves it will not prove unsuitable or useless to make a few 
observations on this subject. 

A general reader, wishing to know the time of a birth or 
a death, can turn, say, to the biographical compendiums — 
small, compact, single volumes, extending to a very recent 
period — which an ordinary household may probably be sup- 
plied with, or to a cyclopaedia of many quartos or large oc- 
tavos on the shelves of a more ambitious library, and if he 
finds his date in any one of these he is probably content, and 
asks no further. But if, requiring greater exactness, or being 
suspicious and desirous of corroboration, he should take an 
opportunity of consulting several, he is then but too likely to 
become aware of unwelcome discrepancies. The professional 
man of letters, who has access to the largest and best works 
of the class, such as the Biographie Universelle, the Nouvelle 
BiograpJiie Generate, or the Biographia Britannica, is of 



PREFACE. IX 

course better off, but even he does not escape his disappoint- 
ments so often as might be imagined. And what is the more 
perplexing, and, in truth, not a little irritating, the dates are 
given with all the air of absolute certainty, so far as silence 
conveys this ; only the very first-class books — and not always 
these — informing the reader that there are other dates as- 
signed, or that some current figures have been proved wrong, 
and giving any hint that pains have been taken to sift dis- 
crepancies. 

The plan of this volume does not admit of a variation of 
dates being discussed or even stated, and only allows an es- 
tablished uncertainty to be intimated by an asterisk [mark of 
interrogation]. But the author is reluctantly obliged to admit, 
that, if any one of the following pages were taken at random 
and examined with half a dozen of the usually accredited 
authorities, discrepant figures would be found amongst them, 
for, perhaps, on an average, every fourth or fifth name ; while 
even when no absolute conflict presents itself, one of the dates, 
the birth for instance or the death, is entirely omitted, and 
some works, not even professing to give any nearer informa- 
tion than the year, seldom mentioning the day. This esti- 
mate of the degree of faultiness in our current information 
is certainly within the mark, as the compiler's memoranda of 
the variations he has observed, in figures alone, to say noth- 
ing of errors in spelling, too amply testify, and it is a discov- 
ery not a little disheartening to those who have ever, made it, 
whose studies lead them to take an interest in this class of 
dates. 

Happily, however, the uncertainty in nativities and obitu- 
aries here implied need not be acquiesced in as a finality in 
every instance. Things are not so bad as they look. A very 
brief practical acquaintance with the current statements 
shows us that a large crop of errors is due to the culpability 
of the more recent copyists and editors, and that, with pa- 
tience and sufficient comparison, the true figures are, in a 
considerable number of instances, not beyond recovery. By 
paying attention to the various errors corrected in carrying a 
work like the present through the press, one has an opportu- 
nity of becoming aware of the kinds of mistakes which com- 



x PREFACE. 

positors on the one hand are more particularly liable to, as 
well as those for which an editor on the other hand has him- 
self solely to blame ; and, as this may sometimes aid in ac- 
counting for discrepancies, a few illustrations will perhaps be 
acceptable. 

For instance, the figures 8, 3, 5, frequently get put in each 
other's places, owing probably to a rough resemblance among 
them, especially in indistinct manuscript ; and not only in 
manuscript, for any one who has to consult the new edition 
of the Biographie Universelle must often have regretted that 
the type there used makes the 5 and 3 so nearly alike as to 
require a close scrutiny to detect the difference. Examples 
occurring in the preparation of the present work of 6 in the 
copy appearing as 9 in the proof, and instances in other works 
of these two figures being interchanged, make it tolerably 
evident that they sometimes get inverted by the printer, 
either in sorting the types or in the act- of composition. Im- 
perfect formations in the copy have also, it would appear, 
caused 6 and 9 both to be replaced by 0. Cases of 6 for 
have been remarked in correcting these sheets, and in the 
Biographie Universelle, John Hiibner appears as born in 1608 
for 1668. The figures 1 and 7 [1 and 9, 7 and 9] have also 
been interchanged. 

A very common error is when a date contains the same 
figure repeated consecutively, and the wrong duplicate gets 
into the copy by a natural trick of the eye of a rapid worker, 
especially when the difference in the value of the two figures 
exchanged is not so glaringly large; thus, 1779 becoming 
1799, and vice versa, 1669 for 1699, 1445 for 1455. In the 
proof-sheets of this work, 1755 of the copy once became 
1775. But 1449 for 1499, or 1228 for 1288, would be more 
seldom found, though the Biographie Universelle has it that 
St. Oswald died 922 instead of 992. The culprit years, 
however, which most frequently sin in this way are 1668 and 
1688. Perhaps the similarity of sound may have produced 
some errors, as for instance, when Gaspar Bartholin was born 
July 13, according to one, and July 30, according to another. 
Two certain instances of this mistake, and both with the same 
pair of numbers, have been noticed in these proofs, where 



PREFACE. XI 

Oct. 13 appeared instead of Oct. 30, and 1530* [ ? ] for 
1513* [ ? ]. In the days of the month, one of the figures is 
occasionally omitted, as when 2 stands for 12 and 3 for 30. 
The days of the month also get inverted, as when the death 
of Eller de Brockhusen appears in the Biographic Univer- 
selle to have occurred Sept. 31, and in the Nouvelle Biogra- 
phie Generate, Sept. 13. One frequently finds the months 
Jan. and June put for each other, and in the French dic- 
tionaries, March and May (Mars and Mai), as also April and 
August (Avril and Aout). Thus, Louis Anthony de Bou- 
gainville is said, in the Nouvelle Biograpliie Generate, to have 
died April 31, an error which betrays itself, and we expect to 
find other authorities giving Aug. 31, which in fact they do. 

But the editor cannot forbear remarking more at length 
upon an error arising not so much from accident and inad- 
vertence as from a want of thought, and a false principle of 
calculation that is likely enough to become a fixed habit in 
the mind. Thus a composer of a biographical notice, finding 
it announced that a person died in 1850, aged 50, and wish- 
ing to put the fact in another shape, states that he was " born 
in 1800, and died in 1850 ; " whereas, from the loose way in 
which that phrase " aged so and so" often occurs, this 1800 
is not at all certain, To give actual instances. The Annual 
Register records that Richard Ford was born 1796, and died 
Sept. 1, 1858, aged 61 ; but had we calculated the birth from 
the death and age, by subtracting 61 from 1858, we should 
have fixed on 1797, which would have been wrong. The same 
work says of the Earl of Bipon, born in 1782, died Jan. 
28, 1859, aged 76; but 1859 minus 76 is 1783. Even if the 
" years " of a person's age always meant completed years, 
this method of arriving at the birth would be uncertain ; for 
a person born either in Dec. 1799 or Jan. 1800, and dying in 
Feb. 1850, would just the same be said to be " aged 50." 
But sometimes it is stated that a person is " aged 50," when 
he is more properly within a month or so of reaching that 
number of years. Thus the Obituary of the London Almanac 
says that Walter Savage Landor " died Sept. 17, 1864, aged 
90 ; " but if we were to infer his birth to have been in 1864 
— 90, or 1774, we should err, as he was actually born in Jan. 



Xil PREFACE. 

1775, and wanted as much as three or four months of being 
" aged 90." In fact, a person who " died in 1850, aged 50," 
and no month stated, may have been born in 1799, 1800, or 
1801. When, therefore, the Biograplda Britannica states that 
Henry Burton " was 67 years of age in 1646, consequently he 
must have been born in 1579," the inference is not to be 
trusted ; and similarly, when the Biographical Dictionary of 
the English Cyclopaedia makes a like calculation of the births 
of Melchizedec Thevenot and Spinello Aretino. It may also 
be remarked that from this process of backward reckoning we 
may suspect to have arisen a frequent discrepancy of 1 years 
in the birth, as though there had been an error of 1 in per- 
forming the subtraction sum. 

Other discrepancies arise from causes less culpable ; as when 
a person dies in the night, the hour not being stated, or is 
found dead in the morning, the hour of decease not being 
known, and one account makes the occurrence to have hap- 
pened the day before and another the day after. Thus, L'Art 
de Verifier les Dates states the Emperor Lothaire II. to have 
died in the night between Dec. 3 and 4, explaining why in 
the two great French dictionaries we find Dec. 3 and Dec. 4 
respectively. When a person dies abroad, especially in circum- 
stances of turmoil and excitement, reports of the event are 
likely enough to vary. This may possibly explain how it occurs 
that no less than four dates are assigned for the death of so 
eminent and so recent a man as Sir Henry Havelock ; Maun- 
der giving Nov. 21, the Book of Dates and the Nouvelle Bio- 
graphie Generate, Nov. 25, the London Almanac, Nov. 27, 
while the Life of the hero, by Marshman, his brother-in-law, 
as well as the Annual Register, gives Nov. 24, which may be 
presumed to be the correct day. One would have thought 
that the very hour and day of the execution of Robespierre 
would have been well remarked ; nevertheless, we find in 
Chalmers that he died July 10 ; Rees's Cyclopaedia gives July 
28 ; Lempriere and Hose, July 28, 4 p. m. ; and Alison in 
his History, July 29, 4 A. M. 

Discrepancies are also due to the change of the style, an 
innovation not effected without some unnecessary complica- 
tion. For when in 1582 the 10 superfluous days were pro- 



PREFACE. Xiii 

posed by the Pope to be omitted from the Calendar, the va- 
rious countries unfortunately were not unanimous in adopting 
the improvement : Spain, Portugal, and a part of Italy ac- 
cepting the alteration on the same day ; France following the 
example two months later ; but England holding out for no 
less than 170 years, when in 1752 she omitted 11 days (as 
the 10 had become since 1700), and reckoned Sept. 3 as Sept. 
14 ; during which period, therefore, our chronology and that 
of other countries differ by 10 or 11 days, and historians, 
having to express the date of any transaction affecting our- 
selves and them, have to mention two days at once, as Nov. 
■fg, 1688, or Sept. y 1 ^, 1715. One important country, Russia, 
to this day retains the old style, which is no longer 10 days, 
or 11, but 12 in advance. Russian dates, consequently, will 
often differ by 12 days, and other continental dates by 10 or 
11, from those accepted by us ; the ambiguity not being al- 
ways apparent, owing to their having been recorded origi- 
nally, not with the double notation for historical purposes, but 
in the current style of the country as referring to purely do- 
mestic and internal events. 

But the change of style, as far as England was concerned, 
embraced yet another peculiarity which has to be observed. 
For whereas up to the period of that change the civil year 
began on March 25, and the period between Jan. 1 and March 
25 was reckoned to the old year, it was then ordered by Act 
of Parliament that this practice should be discontinued, and 
the year in all cases commence with Jan. 1. But according 
to the old practice, the dates within that interval of Jan. 1 
and March 25 would express both years, and thus what we now 
write Feb. 4, 1726, used inconveniently to be written Feb. 4, 
1725-6 ; for want of attention to which fact the year would 
be copied as 1725 by one, and as 1726 by another. Hence it 
happens that while the change of style may be the parent of 
• an error of 10 or 11 days, or 12, between England and a for- 
eign country, it may also occasionally have produced an error 
of one year in purely domestic dates, which is to be suspected 
when the day belongs to the interval between Jan. 1 and 
March 25. In this volume, the new style is always used. 

An error in the letters of a word is generally obvious, and 



Xiv PREFACE. 

can be rectified by any one, while an errq^n the figure of 
a date is far otherwise, and even when obvious seldom pro- 
nounces or suggests its own correction. Hence so many vex- 
atious discrepancies, and we are startled at finding the most 
notorious events of but yesterday wrongly dated. It is only 
a matter of industry and conscientious care to weed out errors 
of no longer standing than this ; but dates of early and me- 
diaeval times, that come down to us with discrepancies all the 
way, must stand far less chance, and here we must often rest 
satisfied with approximations. But even in some of these an 
additional light has occasionally been discovered, as in the 
case of Holbein's death, which within the last few years has 
been proved in the Archceologia to have occurred in 1543, in- 
stead of the currently adopted 1554. 

It might, perhaps, have been expected, that, in the case of 
historical personages, and especially in the case of reigning 
sovereigns, fewer discrepancies than usual would be met with ; 
and yet this is by no means the fact. As to the former, we 
should not have thought that such an authority as the Historic 
Peerage (formerly the Synopsis of the Peerage of Sir Harris 
Nicolas) would give a wrong date for the famous assassination 
of the Duke of Buckingham. It gives 1629, and all other 
authorities 1628 ; and for the day, the English Cyclopaedia 
says Aug. 24, against Aug. 23 of every one else. And then, 
in regard to reigning sovereigns, that the year of their acces- 
sion should be variously stated need excite no surprise ; for, 
what with disputed successions, the de jure and de facto, and 
minorities, in troublous times and in heterogeneous domin- 
ions, an actual accession may be variously estimated, as also 
may depositions ; and this is the reason why in this work 
the years of a reign are in so many instances omitted en- 
tirely. Nor, again, may the birth be always ascertainable, 
especially in the cases where this occurred during the obscu- 
rity of the family ; but one does look for more certainty and* 
accuracy in the record of a sovereign's death than it is always 
our good fortune to find. As regards our own kings, writers 
are not in every instance at one in the year of the birth or 
the day of the death, even for the times after the Conquest. 

.... To prevent incessant cross references and disap- 



A BRIEF 

BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 



BORN. DIED. 

Aa, Christian Charles Henry van der. Dutch Scholar 1718. .1792 

Aa, Pet. van cler. Bookseller of Leyden. (Galeriedu Monde) — ..1730? 

Aagard, Christians Danish Poet 1616. . 1664 

Aagard, Nicholas, brother. Philosopher 1612. .1657 

Aagesen, Svend. Earliest Danish Historian 

Aal, Jacob. Norwegian Metallurgist 1773- • ^44 

Aalst, Everard. Dutch Painter 1602 . . 1658 

Aalst, William, nephew. Dutch Painter 1620. . 1679 

Aaron, St. British Martyr — . . 303 

Aaron- Acharon. Caraite Rabbi. (Garden of Eden). .. . fl. 1346 
Aaxsens, or Aertsen, Peter. Lange Peter. Dutch Painter. 1 519. .1575? 
Aarsens, Francis van. Dutch Diplom. L. by DuMaurier 1572. .1641 

Aarssens, Cornelius van. Dutch Statesman 1543 . . 1624 

Aartgens. Dutch Painter. 1498- • 1 $&4 

Aartsen, or Aarsens, q. v. Dutch Painter i5 x 9- • I 575? 

Aba, Samuel. Third Christian King of Hungary — . . 1044 

Abaka Khan. Second Mongol Emperor of Persia — . . 1282 

Abancourt, Chas. Xavier Jos. d'. Min. of Louis XVI 1758. .1792 

Abancourt, Charles Frerot d'. French Engineer — . . 1S01 

Abano, or Apono, Peter of. Astrologer and Physician . . 1250. .1315 
Abaxbanel, Isaac Darbanella. Learned Spanish Jew. . . . 1437. .1508 

Abarca, Joachim. Spanish Prelate — . . 1844 

Abascal, Joseph Ferd. Span. Viceroy of Peru (1804-16) 1743. -1821 

Abasola, Mariano. Mexican Revolutionist — . . 181 1 

Abate, Andrew. Italian Painter of Natural History — . .1732 

Abati, Antonio. Italian Poet — . . 1667 

Abati, or Abbat, Nicholas. DelV Abate. Painter in Fresco 1512. .1571 

Abatin, Guido Ubaldo. Painter in Fresco 1600. . 1656 

Abauzit, Firmin. French Writer 1679 .. 1 767 

Abbadie, James. Dean of Killaloe. Theologian 1658. .1727 

Abbas. Uncle of Mahomet — . . 652? 

Abbas I. Schah of Persia (1585-1628.) The Great 1557. . 1628 

Abbas H. (1642-66) 1629.. 1666 

Abbas HI. (1731-36) 1732- .1736 

Abbas Mirza. Persian Prince 1783.. 1833 

Abbatissa, or Badessa, Paul. Sicilian Poet fl. 1560 

Abbatucci, Charles. French General • 1771 . . 1796 

1 



2 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Abbafcucci, James Peter. French General 1726. . 1812 

Abbatucci, John Charles. French Diplomatist 1791 . . 1857 

Abbiati, Philip. Historical Painter 1640. .1715 

Abbo Floriacensis. Abbot of Fleury. Life by Aimoin 945 . . 1004 

Abbot, Abiel. American Divine 1770 . . 1828 

Abbot, Benjamin. American Educator — . . 1849 

Abbot, Charles, First Lord Colchester. Speaker ........ 1757. . 1829 

Abbot, Geo. Abp. Cant. (1611-33). L.byW. Russell,1777 1562. .1633 
Abbot, George. Parliamentarian. {Paraphrase on Job) 1600. .1648 

Abbot, Lemuel. Portrait-Painter 1762?. 1803 

Abbot, Robert. Bp. of Salisbury. Divine. Life by Featley 1560. .1618 
Abbott, Charles, 1st Ld. Tenterden. Lord Chief Justice. 1762. .1832 

Abbt, Thomas. German Writer 1738. .1766 

AbdallahBen Abd el Mottallib. Father of Mohammed 545.. 570 

Abdallah Ben Yassim. Founder of Alruoravides fl. ab. 1050 

Abdallah. Ben Zobair. Sultan of Mecca — . . 692 

Abdallatif. Arabian Philos. (Historice jErjypti Compend.) 1162. .1231 
Abdalmalek. Ommiad Caliph of Damascus (685-705). . — .. 705 

Abd el Mottallib. Grandfather of Mohammed 497. . 579 

Abd el Mumen. First Caliph of the Almohades — . .1163 

Abd el Wahab. Founder of the Wahabees 1692. .1787 

Abderahmanl. The Wise. Founder of Cordova Caliphate 731.. 787 
Abderahman III. The Great. Moorish Sovereign. ... — . . 961 

Abdul-Hamet. Sultan of Turkey (1774-1789) — . . 1789 

Abdul-Medjid. Sultan of Turkey (1839-1861) 1823. . 1861 

A'Becket. See Becket. 

A'Beckett, Gilbert Abbot. ( Comic History of England) . 1810. .1856 

Abeel, David. American Missionary 1804. . 1846 

Ab egg, Bruno Erhard. German Lawyer and Politician . 1803.. 1848 

Abeille, Gaspar. French Poet and Dramatist 1648. .1718 

Abeille, John Christian Louis. Ger. Musician and Comp. 1761. .1832 

Abeille, Scipio, brother. (History of the Bones) — . .1697 

Abeken, William Louis Albert Rudolph 1813. . 1843 

Abel, Charles Frederick. German Musical Composer 1725 . .1787 

Abel, Dr. Clarke. Historian of Chinese Embassy — . . 1826 

Abel, Gaspar. Historian of Germany 1676. .1763 

Abel, Jacob Frederick von. German Philosopher 1751 . . 1829 

Abel, Joseph. German Painter 1768. . 1818 

Abel, Nicholas Henry. Swedish Mathematician 1802. . 1829 

Abela, John Francis. ( Malta lllustrata) 1582. . 1655 

Abelard, Peter. Schoolman. L. by F. A. Gervaise, 1720; 
J. Hughes, 1751; Muechler, 1755; J. Berington, 1784; 
A.Metra,1794; H. Mills, 1807; Fessler, 1807 ; Schlos- 
ser, 1807 ; Follin, 1809 ; Turlot, 1822 ; Feuerbach, 1833 ; 
Villenave, 1834; Cousin, 1836 ; Guizot, 1839 ; Weyland, 

1840; Remusat, 1845 ; Jacobi, 1850; Tosti, 1851 1079.. 1 142 

Abell, John. English Singer and Musician fl. ab. 1701 

Abelli, Louis. Bishop of Rhodes. (Medulla Theologica) 1603. .1691 

Abendana, Jacob. Spanish Jew. Commentator — ..1685 

Abendrotb, Amadeus August. Ger. Lawyer and Patriot. 1 767 . . 1842 

Abenezra, Abraham. Jewish Writer 1 1 19? . 1 1 74? 

Abererombie, James. American Divine 1758. . 1841 

Abercrombie, James. British General 

Abererombie, John. Horticulturist 1726. . 1806 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 



BORN. 

Abercrombie, John, H. d. ( Intellectual Powers) 1781 

Abercromby, Alex., Lord. Scotch Judge and Writer . . 1745 
Abercromby, Patrick, M. D. (Martial Achievements) . . . 1656 
Abercromby, Gen. Sir Ralph. L. by Ld. Dumferline, 1861 1738 
Aberdeen, Geo. Hamilton Gordon, Earl of. Statesman.. 1784 

Aberli, John Louis. Swiss Landscape-Painter 1723 

Abernethy, John. Irish Presbyterian. (Divine Attributes) 1680 
Aberaethy, John. Surgeon. Life by Macilwain, 1853. 1764 
Abildgaard, Nicholas Abraham. Danish Hist. Painter. 1744 

Abinger, James Scarlett, First Lord. Judge 1769 

Abingtori, Frances. Comic Actress i73ior I 

Abisbal, Henry O'Donnell. Spanish General. 1770 

Ablancourt, Nicholas Perrot d'. French Writer 1606 

Abney, Sir Thomas, m. p. Lord Mayor 1639 

Abrabanel, Isaac. Commentator. Life by Mai, 1708 . . . 1437 
Abraham-a-Sancta Clara. Celeb. German Preacher . . . 1642 
Abraham-ben-Chaila. Span. Rabbi and Astrologer. ... — 

Abrahamson, Abraham. German Jew. Medalist 1754 

Abrahamson, Werner John Fred. Ger. Crit. and Antiq. 1744 

Abrantes, Andoche Junot, Due d'. French General 1771 

Abrantes, Joseph, Marquess d'. Portuguese Statesman. 1784 
Abrantes, Laurette Junot, Duchess d\ (Memoir es sur 

Napoleon.) Life by Cantu, 1837 1784 

Abresch, Frederick Louis. Dutch Critic and Scholar... 1699 

Abrial, Andrew Joseph. French Statesman. 1750 

Abruzzo, Balthasar. Sicilian Philosopher and Civilian. 1601 

Abubeker. First Caliph (632-4) 571 

Abulfaragius, Gregory. Armenian Bp., Phys., and Hist. 1226 

Abulfazel. Vizier of Akbar. (Ayeen AJcberry) — 

Abulfeda, Ismael. Soldier and Writer 1273 

Abulgasi-Bayatur. Khan of Tartary. (Hist, of Tartars) 1605 

Abulola. Arabian Poet 973 

Abumansur, or Albumanzar. Arabian Astron. and Biogr. 885 

Abunowas. Arabian Poet 762 

Abu-Obeidab.. Mahometan Conqueror 581 

Abu-Rihan. Al Mohakabad. Geograph. and Astrologer, fl. : 
Abu-Said. Bahadur Khan. Persian King (1317-35). . . 1305 

Abu-Said-Mirza. Sovereign of the Moguls 1427 

Abu-Teman. Arabian Poet • — 

Acca. Bishop of Hexham — 

Acciaioli, Donatus. Florentine Scholar and Statesman . . 1428 

Aceiaioli, Zenobio. Italian Scholar 1461 

Acciaioli Salvetti, Magdalen. Florentine Poetess „ — 

Accolti, Benedict. Florentine Lawyer and Historian. . . . 1415 
Accolti, Benedict, grandson. Cardinal of Ancona. Latinist . 1497 
Accolti, Francis. Francis of Arezzo, or Aretino. Jurist. 1418 
Accords, Stephen Tabourot, Seigneur des. French Poet. 1516 
Accorso, Mariangelo. Collector of MSS. (Diatribce) . . . 1490 
Accorso, or Accursius, Francis. Ital. Lawyer. (Great Gloss) 1182 
Ach, or Achen, John van. Historical and Portrait Painter. 1556 
Achard, Francis Charles. Experimental Philosopher. .. . 1753 
Acbards, Eleazar Francis des. Missionary to Cochin. . . . 1679 
Achery, Luke d'. See D'Achery 1609 



jry. 
aK 



4 A BEIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Achillini, Alex. Philosopher and Physician of Bologna. 1463. .1512 
Achillini, John Philotheus, brother. Poet. ( Viridario). . 1466. .1538 

AchiUini, Claude. Italian Savant 1574- • l6 4° 

Achmetl. Sultan of Turks (1603-17) 1590.. 1617 

Aclimetll. (1691-95) 1643.. 1695 

AchmetHI. (1703-30) 1673.. 1739 

Achtsehelling, Lucas, of Brussels. Landscape Painter . fl. 1600? 

Acidalius, Valens. German Critic and Philologist 1567. . 1605 

Ackermann, Conrad. German Comedian 1710. . 1771 

Ackermann, John Christian Theoph. Ger. Med. Writer. 1756.. 1801 
Ackermann, Rudolph. Publisher; introd. of lithography 

into England ^^A- • ^34 

Aekmar, William. Scottish Portrait Painter 18th cen. 

Acland, Rev. Charles. Writer on India 1814. . 1845 

Acontius, or Aconcio, James. Philosopher ; Divine; 

Civilian. {De Stratagematibus Satance) 1492. .1566 

Acosta, Gabriel, of Coimbra. Commentator on 0. T — . . 1616 

Acosta, Joseph d\ Jesuit Missionary in Peru. {Hist. 

of West Indies) 1539? . 1600 

Acosta, Uriel, of Oporto. Convert to Judaism — . . 1647 

Acquaviva, Andrew Matt. Originator of Cyclopedias . . . 1456. . 1528 

Acrel, Olof. Swedish Medical Writer 1717 . . 1807 

Acropolita, George. Byzantine Historian 1220. . 1282 

Acton, Joseph. Neapolitan Prime Minister 1737- • 181 1 

Acuna, Christopher d'. Span. Jesuit Miss, in America. . 1597. .1676? 

Actma, Ferdinand d'. Spanish Poet and Soldier — . . 1580 

Adair, James. Trader. {Hist, of the American Indians), fl.17 35-17 7 5 

Adair, James. Sergeant-at-Law — . .1798 

Adair, James Makittrick. Scottish Medical Writer 1728. . 1S02 

Adair, Sir Robert, g.c.b. Diplomatist. 1763. .1855 

Adalard, or Alelard, which see. Cousin of Charlemagne. . 753? . 826 

Adalberon. Archbishop of Reims (969-88) — . . 988 

Adalberon, Ascelinus. Bishop of Laon (977-1030) 950? . 1030 

Adalbert, Bp. of Magdeburg; Miss, to the Sclavonians . . — . . 981 

Adalbert, St. Archbishop of Prague 939 . . 997 

Adalbert. See Adelbert. Archbishop of Bremen — . . 1072 

Adam, Albert. German Artist 1786? . 1862 

Adam, Alex., ll.d., of Edinburgh. {Roman Antiquities) . 1741. .1809 
Adam, Billaut. Master Adam. Joiner and Poet of Nevers . — ..1662 

Adam, Francis Gaspard. French Sculptor 1710. . 1759 

Adam, Lambert Sigisbert. French Sculptor 1700. .1759 

Adam, Melchior. German Divine and Biographer — . . 1622 

Adam, Nicholas. French Grammarian 1716. . 1792 

Adam,Nich. Sebast. French Sculpt. {Prometheus Chained) 1705. .1778 

Adam, Robert. Architect 1728. . 1792 

Adam, Rev. Robert. {Religious World Displayed.) 1770. .1826 

Adam, Thomas. Divine 1701 . . 1784 

Adam, Right Hon. William. Lawyer and Politician 1751-- 1839 

Adam de Marisco. Scholar fl. 1250 

Adam of Bremen. Eccles. Historian and Missionary fl. 1067 

Adam of Orleton. Bishop of Winchester 1285 . . 1375 

Adam of Murimuth. Chronicler Ed.m&Rd n 

Adam Scotus. Doctor of the Sorbonne. Biographer... — ..n 80 
Adamanteo. Italian Mathematician and Orientalist. ... — ..1581 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 5 

BORN. DIED. 

Adamantius. Greek Physician fl. a.d. 415? 

Adami, Leonard. Italian Scholar 1690. .1719 

Adami, Tobias. Ger. Scholastic. {Prodromus Philosophies) 1581..1643 
Adams, Abigail. Wife of President John Adams. {Letters) 1744. -1818 
Adams, Charles Baker. American Chemist and Zoologist 1814. .1853 

Adams, Francis, m.d. Medical Translator 1797- ■ 1861 

Adams, Geo. Instrument Maker. {Micrographia IUustrata) — ..1786 
Adams, Geo., son. Instrument Maker. {Essay on Vision) 1750. .1795 
Adams, Hannah. American Authoress. {Hist, of the Jews) 1756.. 1832 

Adams, Jasper. American Divine and Educator x 793- • J 84i 

Adams, John. Second President of United States (1797- 

1802). Life by G. Gibbs, 1848 ; C. F. Adams, 1851 . . 1735 .. 1826 

Adams, John. Colonizer of Pitcairn's Island 1764. . 1829 

Adams, John Quincy. Sixth President of United States 

(1825-29). Life by W. H. Seward, 1849 ; Josiah Quincy 1767. . 1848 

Adams, Joseph, m.d. Medical Writer 1756. . 1S18 

Adams, Richard. Ejected Nonconformist. Ed. of Charnock 1630. .1698 

Adams, Samuel. American Statesman 1722. . 1803 

Adams, Thos. Ejected Nonconformist. {Protestant Union) — ..1670 
Adams, Sir Thomas. Lord Mayor; Loyalist; Benefactor. 1586. .1667 

Adams, Rev. William, d.d. Writer against Hume 1707. .1789 

Adamson, Patrick. Archbishop of St. Andrews 1536. .1592 

Adanson, Michael. French Naturalist 1727. .1806 

Addington, Henry, First Viscount Sidmouth. Statesman. 

Life by Pellew, 1847 1755 . . 1844 

Addison, Joseph. {Spectator.) Life by Richard Steele, 

1724 ; Sprengel, 1810 ; Lucy Aikin, 1843 ; Macaulay, 

1843 ; Elwin, 1857 1672. .1719 

Addison, Launcelot. Dean of Lichfield , 1632. .1703 

Adelaar, Cord Sivertsen. Naval Commander 1622. . 1675 

Adelaide, Madame. Aunt of Louis XVI 1732 . . 1800 

Adelaide. Princess of Orleans; sister of Louis Philippe. . 1777. .1847 
Adelaide. Q. ofEng. Consortof Wm. IV. Life by Doran 1792. .1849 
Adelard. Cousin of Charlemagne. Founder of New Corbie 

Abbey 753?. 826 

Adelard. Monk of Bath. Translator and Writer fl. 1130 

Adelbert, Abp. of Bremen and Hamburg. Regent — . .1072 

Adelbold. Bishop of Utrecht. {Life of ' Emp. Henry II.) 960?. 1027 
Adeler, or Adelaar. Cord Sivertsen. Naval Commander 1622. .1675 
Adelgrief, John Albert. German Religious Enthusiast . . — ..1656 

Adelm, or Aldhelm, which see 656. . 709 

Adelung, John Christopher. German Philologist i73 2 - .1806 

Ademar, or Aymar. Monk and Chronicler of St. Martial. 

Life by Castaigne, 1850 99S? . 1030? 

Adeodatus I., or Dieudonne. Bishop of Rome (615-18). — .. 618 

Adeodatus II., or Dieudonne". (672-76) — . . 676 

Ader, Wm. Phys. of Toulouse. {De JEyrotis Evangelicis) fl. 1621 
Adet, Peter Aug. French Envoy and Chemical Writer. . 1763. .1832? 
Adhad-Eddoulat. Emperor of Persia. Friend of learning 936.. 983 

Adhelm, St. See Aldhelm 656. . 709 

Adhemar, William. Provencal Poet — . .1190? 

Adimari, Alexander, of Florence. Scholar and Poet 1579. .1649 

Adimari, Louis, of Florence. Satirist 1644. .1708 

Adler, Philip. Patricias, or Paticina. German Engraver 1484.. 1530? 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 



BORN. DIED. 

Adler, James George Christian. Danish. Orientalist. 

( Museum Cuficum) 1755 . . 1805 

Adler Salvius, John. Swedish Statesman I 59°- • J 652 

Adlerbeth, Gudmund Joran. Swedish Author 1751 . . 1818 

Adlerfeldt, Gustavus. Swedish Historian 1671 . .1709 

Adlzreitter, John. (Annals of Bavaria) 1596. . 1662 

Ado. Abp. of Vienna (860-75). Historian 800?. 875 

Adolphus of Nassau. German Emperor. Life by Wag- 
ner, 1775 ; Leuchs, 1798 ; Spandau, 1827 1252? . 1298 

Adolphus Frederick H. King of Sweden (1751-71). . . 17 10. .1771 
Adolphus, John. Historical Writer. {Life of Geo. III.) 1766. .1845 

Adorni, Catherine Fieschi. Italian Religious Writer 1447? . 15 10 

Adrain, Robert. Irish-American Educator 1775 . . 1843 

Adrets, Frs. de Beaumont, Baron des. Huguenot Leader 1513. .1587 

Adriani, Marie, of Lyons. Female Patriot 1777. .1793 

Adrian. Emperor of Rome (117-138). Life by Flemmer, 

1836 ; Gregorovius, 1851 76 . . 138 

Adrian. Greek Writer on the Scriptures fl 5th. c. 

Adrian I. Pope (772-95) — . . 795 

Adrian II. (867-72.) — . . 872 

Adrian III. (884-85.) Agapit — . . 885 

Adrian IV. ( 11 54-59.) Nich.Breakspear. Life by Raby, 1849 1 100 ? . 1 1 59 

Adrian V. (1276.) Ottoboni Fieschi — . . 1276 

Adrian VI. (1522-3.) L. bvMoring, 1536; Burmann, 1727 1459. .1523 
Adrian de CasteUo. Cardinal. Bp. Bath&W. (1504-18) 1450?. 1518 

Adriani, John Baptist. (History of his Own Times) 1513..1579 

Adriani, Marcel. Florentine Writer 1533- • 1604 

Adriani, Marcel Virgil. Florentine Scholar 1464. . 1521 

Adriano. Spanish Painter — . . 1630 

Adriansen, Alexander. Flemish Artist. ....... L 1625" 



Adrichomius, Christian. Dutch Writer on Holy Land. . 1533 



•1585 
.1818 
.1316 
•1533 

•1555 

• 630? 

• 839 



Adry, John Felicissime. French Writer .1749 

.ZEgidius de Columna. Most Profound Doc tor. Schoolman — 
JEgidius, Peter, of Antwerp. Scholar; friend of Sir T. More i486 

JEgidius, Peter, of Antwerp. Oriental Traveler 1490 

.fflgineta, Pancus, of iEgina. Medical Writer — 

JEginhard, or Eginhard. (Life of Charlemagne) 771 

.iElfric. See Alfric. 

./Elian, Claudius. Historian and Rhetorician fl.ab.25oA.D. 

./Elius Donatus. Grammarian at Rome fl. 356 

JEIlius Spartianus. Biographer of Roman Emperors ... fl. 300? 

^Jlred. See Ailred. Historian 1109. . 1166 

.231st, Everhard van. Dutch Painter 1602 . . 1658 

.ZElst, William van, nephew. Dutch Painter « . 1620 . . 1679 

JEmilianus, C Julius. Emperor (253) 208?. 253 

^Flmilius, Paulus. Macedonicus. Captor of Perseus . . . .23o?b.ci6o 

.iEmilius, Paulus. French Historian — . . 1529 

tineas, or .Engus. Irish Bishop and Hagiographer — . . 820 

JEneas Gazasus. Christian Writer. ( Theophrastus). ... fl. 487 

.apneas Sylvius. Pope Pius II. Life by himself 1405 . . 1464 

.aiJnseas Tacticus. Greek Military Writer fl. B.C. 362? 

JEpinus, Francis Maria Ulric Theodore. Electrician i7 2 4- -1802 

.aSpinus, John. German Reformer 1499- • 1553 

.ZErsens, or iErtsen, Peter. Lange Peter. Dutch Painter 1519. . i575 ? 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 7 

BORN. WED. 

Aerts, Richard. Dutch Painter 1482. . 1577 

.ffischines. Athenian Orator. Life by Wolf, 1572; 

Matthaii, 1770; Norberg, 1792; Stechow, 1841 389B.C.314 

2Esehylus. Greek Tragedian 525B.C.456 

.ZEsop. Fabulist. Life by Planudes, 14th cent. ; Meziriac, 

1632, tr. by Toland; Westermann, 1845 fl.570? b.c. 

.iEthicus, or Ethicus. Latin Writer of Istria. ( Cosmogra- 

2)hia) fl. 4th c. 

Aetion. Greek Painter. (Alexander's Nuptials) fl. ti. Had'n 

Aetius. Greek Medical Writer of Mesopotamia fl.A.D.5oo ? 

Aetius. Roman Commander in Chief of the West — A.D.454 

Afer, Domitius, of Nismes. Roman Orator — . . 60 

Afflitto, Matthew. Italian Law- Writer 1448. .1524 

Affo, Irenaeus. Italian Historian. [History of Parma) . . 1742. .i8oo ? 

Affre, Denis Augustus. Archbishop of Paris 1 793- • 1848 

Aflxy, Louis Augustine Philip, Ct. d'. Swiss Statesman. 1743. -1810 

Afranius, Lucius. Roman Comic Poet fl. B.C. ioo ? 

Africanus, John Leo. Traveler and Geographer 1483? .1552 

Africanus, Sextus Cnecilius. Roman Jurisconsult fl. 138-160 

Africanus, Sextus Julius. Christian Historian fl. 220? 

Afzelius, Adam. Swedish Naturalist 1750 . . 1837 

Afzelius, John. Swedish Chemist 1753 ■ • ^37 

Aganduru, Roderick Maurice. Spanish Miss, to the East fl. 1640? 

Agapetus I. Pope (535-536) — . . 536 

AgapetusII. (946-956) — . . 956 

Agar, James d'. French Portrait Painter 1640. .1716 

Agar, John Anthony Michael. French Financier 1771- .1844 

Agard, Arthur. Antiquary 154°- • 1615 

Agas, or Aggas, Ralph. Engraver and Surveyor — aft. 1596 

Agasias, of Ephesus. Sculptor. (Borghese Gladiator).. . . fl^fh c.b.c. ? 

Agathangelus. Armenian Historian fl. nth c. ? 

Agathemerus. Greek Geographer fl.2oo ? a.d. 

Agatnias. The Scholar. Byzantine Historian 536^.0.582? 

Agatho. Pope (679-682) — . . 682 

Agathoeles. K. of Sicily. Life by R. Perrinchiefe, 1676 360yB.c1.289 

Agathodeemon, of Alexandria. Geographer fl. 200? a.d. 

Agelnoth, or Ethelnoth. Abp. of Canterbury (1020-38). . — . . 1038 

Agesander, of Rhodes. Sculptor. (Laocoon) fl. ti. Titus 

Agesilaus II. King of Sparta (338-361) and General. . . 4446.0.360? 

Aggas, Ralph. Engraver and Surveyor — aft. 1596 

Aggas, or Augus, Robert. Landscape-Painter 1619? . 1679 

Aggrippa, M. Vipsanius. Statesm. Life by Gebauer, 1717 ; 

Frandsen, 1836; Lankeren Mathes, 1841; Eck, 1842. . . 63 B.C. 12 

Agilulph. King of the Lombards (591-619) — . . 619? 

Agis II. Kinc of Sparta (427-398) —B.C. 398 

AgisLLL (338-330) —B.C. 330 

Agis IV. (244-240) —B.C. 240 

Aglionby, Edward. Poet fl. ti. Eliz. 

Aglionby, John, d.d. Chaplain to Eliz. and James. Divine 1567..1610 
Agnesi, Maria Gaetana. Mathematician. Life bv Frisi, 

1807; Milesi-Mojon, 1836 1718..1799 

Agnesi, Maria Theresa, sister. Musical Composer 1724?. — 

Agnew, Sir Andrew. Scottish Publicist 1793- • 1849 

Agnolo, Baccio d'. Florentine Engraver and Architect. . 1460. . 1543 



8 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Agobard. Abp. of Lyons (816-40). Life by Hundes- 

hagen, 1831; Mace\ 1846 779. . 840 

Agostini, Leonard. Italian Antiquary — . . 1686? 

Agostino, Paul, of Valerano. Musical Composer 1593 . . 1629 

Agoult, William d'. Provencal Poet — . . 1 181 

Agreda, Mary of. Spanish Abbess. {Life of Virgin Mary) 1602. .1665 

Agresti, Livio. Historical Painter — . . 1580 

Agricola, Christopher Louis. Painter and Engraver .... 1667. .1719 
Agricola, Cn. Julius. Roman General. Life by Tacitus . 37.. 93 

Agricola, George, of Saxony. Metallurgist r 494- . 1555 

Agricola, Geo. And. German Phys. and Arboriculturist . 1672. .1738 
Agricola, John. Antinomian Divine of Saxony. Life by 

linger, 1732 ; Kordes, 1817 1492. . 1566 

Agricola, John Frederick. Ger. Musician and Composer 1720. .1774 
Agricola, Martin, of Magdeburg. (Musica Instrumentalis) i486. .1556 

Agricola, Michael. Finnish Translator of Bible — . .1557 

Agricola, Rudolph. Scholar. Life by Tresling, 1830 1443.. 1485 

Agrippa, Camillus. Milanese Architect fl. 1583 

Agrippa, Henry Cornelius. Soldier, Writer, &c. ( Occult 

Philosophy.) Life by H. Morley i486. . 1535 

Agrippa I., Herod. King of the Jews. Acts xii 9B.C.44A.D. 

Agrippa II., Herod. Son of Agrippa I. Acts xxvi 31.. 100 

Agrippa, Postumus, son; grandson of Augustus 12B.C.14A.D. 

Agrippina I. The Elder. Wife of Germanicus. Life by 

Eliz. Hamilton, 1800 ; Burkhardt, 1846 i2?bc.33A.d 

Agrippina II. The Younger. Daughter of Germanicus ; 

mother of Nero 15?. 60 

Aguado, Alexander Maria. French Financier 1784. . 1842 

Aguesseau, H. F. d'. Chancellor of Fr. See D'Aguesseau 1668. .1751 

Aguilar, Grace. Writer. {Home Influence) 1816. . 1847 

Aguillon, Francis. Flemish Mathematician 1566. . 1617 

Aguirre, Joseph Saenz de. Cardinal. Writer and Com- 
piler 1630. .1699 

Agujari, Lucretia. Italian Vocalist — . .1783 

Agustina, of Saragossa. Spanish Patriot — . . 1857 

Agylaeus, Henry. Lawyer and Scholar 1533?. 1595 

Ahlwardt, Peter. German Metaphysician 1710..1791 

Ahmed. Ottoman Emperors. See Achmet. 

Ahm ed-ben-Fares, or El Razi. Ar. Lawver and Lex. — . . 990 

Ahmed Khan. Mogul King of Persia (1282-84) — . . 1284 

Ahmed Shah el Abdaly. 1st K. of Candahar & Cabul.. 1723. .1773 

Ahrendt, or Arents, Martin Frederick. Antiquary 1769. . 1824 

Aidan. 'King of Scotland (578-606) 528. . 606 

Aidan, St. Bishop of Lindisfarne — . . 651 

Aignan, Stephen. French Republican and Writer 1773- • 1824 

Aikin, Arthur. Scientific Writer 1784. . 1854 

Aikin, John, M. j>. Biog. Life by Lucy Aikin, 1823 1 747 .. 1822 

Aikin, Miss Lucy. Writer. Life by Le Breton 1 781 . . 1864 

Aikman, William. Scottish Portrait-Painter 1682 . . 1 731 

Ailly, Peter d'. Cardinal. DAigle des Docteurs de France. . 1350 . . 1425 ? 

Ailred. Abbot of Revesby. Historical Writer 1109 . . 1 166 

Aime-Martin, Louis. French Writer. (Education des 

meres defamille) — . . 1846 

Almoin, of Aquitaine. (History of France) — . . 1008 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 9 

BORN. DIED. 

Ainsworth, Henry. Nonconf. Divine and Commentator — ..1622? 

Ainsworth, Robert. {Latin Dictionary) 1660. .1743 

Airault, Peter. Advocate of Paris 1536. . 1601 

Airay, Rev. Christopher. "Writer on Logic 1609? . 1670 

Airay, Henry, of Oxford. Calvinistic Divine 1560. . 1616 

Aistulph. King of the Lombards; defeated by Pepin . . — .. 756 

Alton, William. Botanist.* (Hortus Kewensis) 1731..1793 

Aitzema, Leo van. (History of United Provinces) .... .. 1600.. 1669 

Ajala, Martin Perez d\ Abp. of Valencia. (Apostolic 

Tradition) I5°4- • J 5 6 6 

Akakia, Martin. Medical Writer at Paris I 539- -1588 

Akbar, Emp. of Hindostan (1556-1605). L. by Aboul-Fazl 1542 . . 1605 
Akenside, Mark, m. d. Poet. L. by Bucke, 18-32 ; Dyce 1721 . . 1770 
Akerblad, John David. Swed. Orientalist and Antiq. . . 1760?. 1819 

Akers, Benjamin Paul. American Sculptor 1825 . . 1862 

Akiba-ben-Joseph. Jewish Rabbi and Cabalist — . . 135 

Alabaster, William. (Lexicon Ptntaglotton: Eoxana)... 1567?. 1640 

Alain Chartier. ( Chronicle of Charles VII. ) 1386 . . 1458 

Alain de Lille. Universal Doctor 1114. . 1203? 

Alain, John. Danish Writer. ( Origin of the Cimbri) 1569. . 1630 

Alaman, Lucas. Mexican Statesman — . . 1853 

Alamandus, Louis. Aleman. French Cardinal I 39°- • I 45° 

Alamanni, Louis. Florentine Statesman and Poet 1495 . . 1556 

Alan. Abbot of Tewkesbury. (Life of Thomas a Becket) 1 171 ? . 1201 

Alan, of Lynn. Theologian. (Moralia Bibliorum) — . . 1420 

Alan, Cardinal. See Allen 1532 . . 1594 

Aland, Sir John Fortescue, Baron Fortescue. Judge. 

(Stradling versus Styles) 1670. .1746 

Alarcon y Mendoza, Juan Ruiz de. Span. Dramatist. . — aft. 1634 

Alard, Lambert. Theologian and Lexicographer 1602. . 1672 

Alard, Maria Jos. Louis. French Physician 1779- • 1850 

Alaric I. King of Visigoths. Conqueror of Rome, 410. . — .. 410 

Alaric H. (484-507.) Defeated by Clovis, 507 — . . 507 

Alasco, John. Reformer of Poland. 1499- • 1560 

Alava, Miguel Ricardo d'. Spanish Statesman 1771 . . 1843 

Alava Esquviel, Diego d'. Bishop of Cordova. ( Gen. 

Councils) — . .1562 

Alban, St. British Protomartyr — . . 285? 

Albanese. Italian Musician 1729? . 1800 

Albani, Alexander. Cardinal. Virtuoso and Historical 

Writer. Life by Strocchi, 1790 1692 .. 1 779 

Albani, or Albano, Francis. Painter of Females 1578. .1660 

Albani, John Francis. Cardinal. Roman Statesman 1720. .1809 

Albani, John Jerome. Cardinal. Civilian i5°4- • I 59 I 

Albano, John Baptist. Historical and Landscape Painter. — ..1668 
Albany, Louisa, Countess of. Wife of Young Pretender. . 1753. .1824 
Albaten, or Albategni. Arabian Geometer and Astron- 
omer. Inventor of Sines — . . 929 

Albenas, John J., Viscount of. French Politician 1760. . 1824 

Albergati Capacelli, Francis, Marquis d'. Dramatist. . . 1729. .1804 
Albergotti. Francis. Civilian at Florence. ( On the 

Digest) — • . 1376 

Alberic of Trois-Fontaines. Chronicler fl.ab. 1241 

Alberici, Henry. Italian Historical and Religious Painter. 1714. .1775 



10 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Albericus, John. Antiquary. See Aubrey 1626. . 1697? 

Alberoni, Julius. Cardinal. Spanish Minister. Life by 

Rousset de Missy, 1719 ; G. Moore, 1806 \ 1664 . . 1752 

Albert I. Emperor. Duke of Austria 1 1248 . . 130S 

Albert II. Duke of Austria V. Life by Wenck, 1770. . 1398. . 1439 

Albert I. Duke of Austria. Emperor 1 1248. . 1308 

Albert H. The Lame and The Wise 1289. . 1358 

Albert HI 1348.. 1395 

Albert IV. The Patient 1377, ,1404 

Albert V. The Illustrious. Emperor II J 398. . 1439 

Albert VI. The Prodigal 1418. . 1463 

Albert. Archduke of Austria. Gov. of Netherlands. 
Life by Lemire, 1622 ; Montgaillard, 1622; Brusle de 

Montplainchamp, 1683; Charles Dubois, 1847 1559. .1621 

Albert I. Margrave of Brandenburg. The Bear and The 

Fair 1106. .1170 

Albert H — . .1221 

Albert HI. The Achilles and The Ulysses I 4 I 4- • ^4^6 

Albert. First Duke of Prussia 1490- -1568 

Albert. Margrave of Baireuth. Alcibiades of Germany. . 1522.. 1555 

Albert. Prince Consort of England 1819 . . 1861 

Albert. Abp. of Mentz. Conspirator against Henry VII. — . .1137 

Albert. The Great. See Albertus Magnus JI 93- • 12 §o 

Albert. Cardinal. Archbishop of Magdeburg 1489. . 1545 

Albert of Aix, or Albertus Aquensis. Historian 1060 ? . 11 20 

Albert, of Mecklenburg. King of Sweden — . . 1412 

Albert of Stade. Chronicler (from Creation to 1256). 

Life bv Eckhard, 1726 . . — aft.1260 

Albert of Strasburg. Chronicler (from 1270 to 1378). . fl. 14th c. 
Albert, Charles d'. Duke of Luynes. Constable of Fr.. 1578.. 1621 
Albert, Erasmus. German Divine. (Koran of the Cor- 
deliers) — ■• I 55 I 

Albert, Krantz. (Histoi-y of Saxony and the Vandals). ... — -.1517 

Alberti, Aristotile. Italian Engineer fl. 16th c. 

Alberti, Cherubino. Florentine Painter I 55 2 - • 1615 

Alberti, Dominic. Venetian Musician fl. 18th c. 

Alberti, Durante. Painter in Oil and Fresco 1538 . .1613 

Alberti, Joh. German Orientalist. ( Observat. Philolog. in 

N-T.) - ..1559 

Alberti, John. Painter of Perspective and History 1558..1601 

Alberti, John Charles. Fresco Painter 1680 . .1740 

Alberti, Leander. Dominican Writer I 479- • I 55 2? 

Alberti, Leon Baptist. Poet, Architect, Painter, Sculptor. 1404. .1472 
Alberti, Louis Joseph d'. Prince of Grimberghen. Field 

Marshal and Ambassador of Emperor Charles VH. . . . 1672. . 1758 

Alberti, Michael. Medical Writer at Hall 1682. .1757 

Alberti, Solomon. Anatomist 1549- • 1600 

Alberti di Villanova, Francis. Italian Lexicographer. . 1731 . . 1800? 
Albertinelli, Mariotto di Bagio. Florentine Painter. . . . 1475?. 1520-'' 

Albertini, Francis. Florentine Antiquary fl. 16th c. 

Albertini, Francis. Calabrian Jesuit. (De Angela 

Custode) — . . 1619 

Albertini, Paul. Venetian Priest, Author and Politician. 1430?. 1475 
Albertrandy, John Christian. Polish Numismatist 1731 . . 1808 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 11 

BORN. DIED. 

Albertus Magnus. Schoolman. Life by Flaminio 1 193?. 1280 

Albertus, H. C. German Painter and Engraver — . . 1680? 

Albezi, Bartholomew. Franciscan Monk — . . 1401 

Albi, Henry. Jesuit Writer. (History of Illustrious Car- 
dinals) 1519- • 1 &$9 

Albignac, Maurice. French Soldier 1775 . .1824 

Albini, Alexander. Italian Painter 1568? . 1646 

Albini, Francis Joseph. German Diplomatist 1 748. . 1S16 

Albinus, Bernard. Weiss. Medical Writer 1653.. 1721 

Albums, Bernard Siegfried, son. German Anatomist. . . . 1696. .1770 
Albinus, Christian Bernard, brother. Anatomical Writer. — --1752 
Albinus, Decimus Clodius. Rival of Septimus Severus. — . . 197 

Albinus, L. Postumius. Consul; slain by the Boii — B.c.216 

Albis, or White, Thomas. Philosopher. Friend of Hobbes . 1582.. 1676 

Albisson, John. French Lawyer and Author 1732. . 1S10 

Albitte, Anthony Louis. French Jacobin — . . 1812 

Albizzi, Bartholomew. Tuscan Cordelier: Writer — . . 1401 

Albo, Joseph. Spanish Rabbi. (Sephtr Hikkarim) — . . 1428 

Alboin. King of the Lombards — . . 573 

Albon, James d', Marquis of Fronsac. French General. . — . .1562 
Alboresi, James, of Bologna. Landscape and Architect- 
ural Painter 1632. .1677 

Albornoz, Giles Alvarez Carillo. Abp. of Toledo : Card.. — --1367 

Albrecht, William. German Agriculturist 1786. .1848 

Albrechtsberger, John George. German Composer. . . . 1736. .1809 
Albret, Jeanne d'. Queen of Navarre. See D'Albret. . . 1528. .1572 

Albucasis. Arabian Physician — . .1106? 

Albumazar. Arabian Astronomer 776? . 885 

Albuquerque, Alphonso d'. Portuguese Conqueror in 

India. Life by his son, 1557 *453- • 1515 

Albuquerque, Matthias. Portuguese General — ..1646 

Albuquerque Coelho, Edward d'. Soldier. ( Wars of 

Brazil) — ..1658 

Alcseus. Lyric Poet of Lesbos fl.ab.6iiB.c. 

Alcamenes. Athenian Sculptor fl.444B.c400 

Aleasar, Louis de. Span. Jesuit. Writer on Apocalypse. 1554. .1613 
Alciati, Andrew. Civilian; Restorer of Roman Law. . . . 1492. .1550 

Aleiati, John Paul, of Milan. Socinian Writer fl. 16th c. 

Aleibiad.es. Athenian General and Statesman 45o?b.c.404 

Alcinous. Platonic Phil. (Doctrines of Plato). . .fl.ist or 2d c.a.d. 

Alciphon. Greek Writer fl.ab.A.D.170 

Alcman. Lyric Poet of Sardis fl.B.c.670? 

Ale ock, John. Bp. of Ely. Founder of Jesus Coll. Camb. — ..icoo 

Alcoek, John. Musical Composer 1715. . 1806 

Alered. King of Xorthumbria (765-774) 74o ? . 789 

Alcuin. Flaciv.s Albinus. Theologian. Life by Lorenz, 

1820, translated by Slee, 1837 725?. 804 

Alcyonius, Peter. Italian Writer 1487. . 1527? 

Alday, John. Translator of Theatrum Mundi fl. 16th c. 

Aldegrever, or Oldegnef, Henry. Paint, and Engr. . . 1502.. 1363 
Alden, John. Early Settler in Plymouth, New England . — ..1687 

Alderete, Diego Gratian. Spanish Writer — d.ti.Phil.H. 

Alderoti, Thaddeus. Florentine Phys. L. by Villani.. 121 5. .1295 
Aldhelm, St. Bishop of Sherborne. Life by Faricius. . 656.. 709 



12 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Aldhun. First Bishop of Durham . — . . 1018 

Aldred. Archbishop of York — . . 1069 

Aldricli, Henry. Dean. Theol., Logician, Composer . . 1647. .1710 

Aldrich, Robert. Bishop of Carlisle — . .1556 

Aldrovandini, Thomas, of Bologna. Painter 1653. .1736 

Aldrovandus, Ulysses. Naturalist 1522. .1607 

Aldus. See Manutius 1449. .1515 

Aleander, Jerome. Cardinal. Opponent of Luther. .. . 1480.. 1542 
Aleander, Jerome, nephew. The Younger. Scholar and 

Antiquary 1574. . 1629 

Alegambe, Philip. Jesuit. (Bibl. Scriptorum Soc. J esu) 1592. .1652 
Aleman, Louis. Cardinal. Abp. of Aries. Statesman. .. 1390. .1450 
Aleman, Matthew. Span. Writ. (Guzman d'Alfarache). fl. 16th c. 
Alemand, Lewis Aug., of Grenoble. Advocate and Writ. 1653. .1728 

Alembert d\ See D'Alembert. Mathematician 1717- -1783 

Alen, or Olen, John van. Dutch Painter 165 1 . . 1698 

Alencon, Charles de Valois, Count of; fell at Crecy — . .1346 

Alencon, Charles, Duke of, and of Anjou. Suitor of Eliz. . 1489. .1584 
Alencon, John de Valois, First Duke of; fell at Agincourt 1385. .1415 

Aleni, Thomas. Italian Painter 1500. .1560 

Alenio, Julius. Jesuit Missionary to China 1582. .1649 

Aleotti, John Baptist. Italian Architect J 546. .1636 

Aler, Paul. Jesuit. ( Gradus ad Parnassum) 1656. .1727 

Ales, or Alesius, Alexander. Scottish Protestant Divine . 1500.. 1565 
Alesio, Matthew Peter d'. Roman Painter and Engraver — . . 1600 

Alessi, Galeas. Architect 1500. . 1 572 

Aletino, Benedict. Anti-Cartesian Philosopher — .-1719 

Alexander. Tvrant of Pherae — B.c.359 

Alexander the'Great. K. Maced. (336-23). Life by Q. 
Curtius; Jul. Valerius, 1589; Lesfargues. 1639; Gau- 
denzio, 1645 ; Lehmann, 1667 ; Fessler, 1797 ; Miiller, 
1830; Archd. John Williams, 1830; Droysen, 1833; 

Pfizer, 1845 356B.C.323 

Alexander Balas. King of Syria (150-146) — b.c. 146 

Alexander Janneeus. King of the Jews (104-77) — b.c. tj 

Alexander. King of the Jews ; son of Aristobulus II — b.c. 49 

Alexander Severus. Emperor of Rome (222-235) 205. . 235 

Alexander I. Pope (109-119) — . . 119 

Alexander II. (1061-73.) Anselm de Badage — ••1073 

Alexander HI. (1159-81) — ..1181 

Alexander IV. (1254-61.) Raynald, or Roland — ..1261 

Alexander V. (1409-10.) Peter Filargo 1339?. 1410 

Alexander VT. i 1492-1503.) Borgia. Life by J. Burchard, 
1697; Alex. Gordon, 1729; Masse, 1830; Delafontaine, 

1844 1430-1- • 1503 

Alexander VH. (1655-67.) Life by Pallavicino. 1840. 1599. .1667 
Alexander VHI. (1689-91.) Peter Oltobon ....... ■ . 1610. . 1691 

Alexander I. King of Scotland (1107-24.) The Fiercs. — ..1124 

Alexander H. (1214-1249.) 1198. .1249 

Alexander HI. (1249-85) 1241 . . 1285 

Alexander Jagellon. King of Poland (1501-6) 1461 . .1506 

Alexander Nevskoi, St. Grand Duke of Russia 1218''. 1263 

Alexander I. Emp. Russia (1801-25). Life by Rumpf, 
1814 ; Cousin d'Avallon, 1826 ; Leidenfrost, 1826 ; 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 13 

BORN. DIED. 

Egron, 1826 ; Rabbe, 1826 ; Henry Evans Lloyd, 1826 ; 
Morgenstern, 1827 ; Broecker, 1827 ; Choiseul-Gouffler, 

1829 ; Voigt, 1830 ; Schischkoft', 1832 1777. . 1825 

Alexander. Bishop of Jerusalem (211 ? -251) — .. 251 

Alexander. Bp. of Alexandria (312 ?-25 ? ); Opp. of Arius — .. 326 

Alexander. Bishop of Lincoln (1123-17) — . . 1 147 

Alexander, of Paris. Poet. Inventor of " Alexandrine " 

Measure. {Alexander the Great) fl. 12th c. 

Alexander. English Abbot, Envoy, and Writer — ..1217? 

Alexander, Archibald. American Divine i77 2 - • 1851 

Alexander, Benedictus, of Verona. Anatomist fl. 1503 

Alexander, Massarias, of Vicenza. Medical Writer — . .1598 

Alexander, Nich., of St. Maur. Med. and Bot. Writer. . . 1654. .1728 
Alexander, Noel, or Natalis. Dominican Church Hist.. . 1639. .1724 
Alexander, Thomas. Earl of Selkirk. Political Writer. — ..1820 
Alexander, Wm., Earl of Stirling. Officer and Astron. 1726.. 1783 
Alexander, Sir Wm. E., of Stirling. Statesman and Poet 1580? .1640 
Alexander, ab Alexandro. Lawyer. {Genial. Dierum) 1461. .1523 

Alexander of Hales. Irrefragable Doctor — . .1245 

Alexander Neckam, or Nequam. Abbot of Exeter — . . 1227 

Alexander Trallianus. Greek Physician fl. 6th c. 

Alexandria! de Neustain, Julius. Medical Writer .... 1506. .1590 

Alexis. Piedmontese Traveler. (De Secretis) — . . 1465? 

Alexis. Michaelovitch. Czar of Russia (1645-76) 163b. . 1676 

Alexis. Petrovitch. Czar of Russia 1690. .1718 

Alexis del Arco. Spanish Portrait-Painter 1625. . 1700 

Alexius I., Comnenus. Emperor. Life by A. Comnena. 1048.. 11 18 
Alexius II., Comnenus. Porphyrogenitus. Eastern Em- 
peror (1180-83) ' 1167. .1183 

Alexius III., Angelus Comnenus. (1195-1203) — aft.1210 

Alexius IV., Angelus 1190?. 1204 

Alexius V., Ducas. Murtzuffle. (1204) — ..1204 

Aleyn, Charles. Historical Poet — . . 1640? 

Alfani, Horatius. Italian Painter 1530?. 1583 

Alfarabius. Arabian Philosopher — . . 950 

Alfaroy Gamon, John de. Spanish Painter '. 1640. . 1680 

Al fieri, Victor. Italian Poet. Life by himself ; Zezou, 1835 1749. .1803 

Alfonso. See Alphonso. 

Alford, Michael. Griffith. Jesuit Missionary in England. 

{Britannia Illustrata) * 1587. . 1652 

Alfragan. The Calculator. Arabian Astronomer — .. 820 

Alfrago, Andrew. Italian Physician — . . 1520 

Alfred. King of Northumbria (686-705) — . . 705 

Alfred trie Great. Life by Asser; Robert Powell, 1634; 
Spelman, 1678 ; A. Bicknell, 1777 ; Stolberg, 1815 ; Dr. 
Pauli; Giles {Harmony of the Chroniclers 0/ Alfred) .. 849.. 901 
Alfred. Monk of Malme'sbury ; Bp. of Crediton. Writer fl. 10th c. 

Alfred, or Alured, of Beverley. Historian — . .1126? 

Alfred, or Alured. Anglicus and The Philosopher — . . 1270 

Alfric. Abp. of Cant. (994-1006). Abbas or Grammaticus) — ..1006 

Alfric. Archbishop of York (1023-51). Writer — . . 1051 

Algardi, Alexander. Sculptor and Architect 1598?. 1654 

Algarotti, Francis. Ital. Critic and Philosophical Writer 1712. .1764 
Alghalib-Billah. First Moorish King of Granada 1195 . . 1273 



14 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Alghazzal. Arabian Philosopher 1058. . mi 

Alghisi, Francis, of Brescia. Musical Composer 1666. .1733 

Alghisi, Thomas. Italian Lithotomist 1669. .1713 

Alhazel, or Alhazen. Arabian Astronomer and Optician — . . 1038 
Ali. Son-in-law of Mahomet. Fourth Caliph (1655-61). . 602?. 661 

Ali-bassa. Ottoman General ... 1594?. 1663 

Alibaud, Louis. Fr. Fanatic who attempt, life of L. Philippe 1810. . 1836 
Ali Beg, or Beigh. Dragoman and Translator of Bible. . — ..1675 

Ali Bey. Adventurer. Ruler of Egypt (1766-73) 1728. .1773 

Ali Bey. See Badia. Spanish Traveler and Projector . . 1766. .1818 
Ali Pasha. Viziir Of Janina. Life by Pouqueville, 1820 ; 

Beauchamps. 1822; Alcaini, 1823; Davenport, 1837 . . . 1 741?. 1822 

Alibrandi, Jerome. Sicilian Painter 1470- • 1524 

Alison, Rev. Archibald. (Essays on Taste) 1757- • 1839 

Alison, Win. Pulteney, m.d., of Edinb. Medical Writer. 1770. .1859 
Allainval, Leonor Soulas d'. French Dramatic Poet ... . — --I/53 

Allam, Andrew, of Oxford. Writer 1655 . . 1685 

All amand, John Nich. Sebastian. French Naturalist 1713. • 1787 

Allan, David. Portrait and Historical Painter 1744- -1796 

Allan, George. Antiquary — . . 1800 

Allan, Thomas. Mathematician and Antiquary 1542. . 1632 

Allan, Sir William. Historical Painter 1782. .1850 

Allard, Guy. French Writer 1645 . . 1716 

Allard j John Francis. French General 1785.. 1839? 

Allard, Peter Gilbert Leroi Baron d'. Fr. Political Econ. 1749. . 1809 

AJlardice, Robert Barclay. Scottish Pedestrian 1779- • 1854 

Allart, Mary Gay. French Authoress 1750. . 1821 

AHatius, or Allacci, Leo. Wr. at Rome. (Apes Vrbance). 1586. .1669 

Allegrain, Christopher Gabriel. French Sculptor 1711 . .1795 

Allegri, Antonio. Corregio. Italian Painter 1494- -1534 

Allegri, Gregory. Musical Composer. (Miserere) 1580?. 1652 

Allein, Joseph. (Alarm.) Life by Stanford; Baxter 1633. .1668 

Allein, Richard. Ejected Nonconf. Div. ( Vindicke Pietatis) 161 1. .1681 
Allein, Wm., son. Ejected Nonconformist. (Millennium) 1623.. 1677 
AUemand, Zachary Jas. Thos. French Vice-Admiral . . . 1762. .1826 

Allen, Alexander. Philologist 1814. . 1842 

Allen, Benjamin, m.d. Writer on Medicinal Waters fl. 1700 

Allen, Ethan. American Colonel 1737- • 1789 

Allen, Henry. American Religious Enthusiast 1748. .1784 

AJlen, John. Archbishop of Dublin. Canonist; murdered 1476?. 1534 

Allen, John, m.d. (Synopsis Medicince Practices) — --I74I 

Allen, John. Dissenting Theologian 1771 . . 1839 

Allen, John, m.d. Historical Writer. (Royal Prerogative) 1 771.. 1843 

Allen, Joseph W. Landscape-Painter 1803. . 1852 

Allen, Paul. American Journalist and Author 1775 • • J S26 

Allen, Richard. Theologian. (Biographia Ecclesiastica) — -.1717 

Allen, Solomon. American Revolutionary Patriot 1751. .1821 

Allen, or Allan, Thomas. Mathematician and Antiquary 1542. .1632 

Allen, Thomas. Fellow of Eton; Theological Critic 15 73- -1636 

Allen, Sir Thomas. Admiral fl. 1648-78 

Allen, Thomas. Theologian. (Practice of a Holy Life) 1682. .1755 
Allen, Thomas. Antiquary. (Antiquities of London) ... 1803.. 1833 
Allen, or Alanus, Wm. Cardinal. Archbishop of Mechlin. 

Life by Fitz-Herbert, 1608; London, 3 vols. 8vo, 1846 . 1532. .1594 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 15 

BORN. DIED. 

Allen, William. Chemical Philosopher and Philanthropist 1770 . .1843 

Allen, William Henry. American Naval Officer 1784. .1813 

Allent, Peter Alexander Joseph. French General I77 2 - • 1837 

Allerstain, Aug. German Jesuit Missionary to China. . 1700?. 1777? 
Allestry, or Allestree, Rd. Royalist, Soldier, and Divine. 1619..1681 

AJlestry, Jacob. English Poet ■ — . . 1686 

Alletz, Peter Edw. French Writer 1798 . . 1850 

Alletz, Pons Augustin. French Writer 1703?. 1785 

Alley, Wm. Bp. of Exeter; Divine and Transl. of Bible. . — .1570 
Alleyn, Edw. Founder of Dulwich Coll. Life by Collier 1566. .1626 

Allgaier, John. Chess-Player and Writer — . . 1826 

Allingham, John Till. Dramatist fl. 1800? 

Allioni, Charles. Italian Physician and Medical Writer . 1725 . . 1804 

AHix, Peter, d.d. Divine 1641..1717 

Alloisi, Balthasar, of Bologna. Galanino. Painter 1578. .1638 

Allori, Alexander. Bronzino. Florentine Painter 1535 . . 1607 

Allori, Christopher, son. Bronzino. Painter 1577. . 1619 

Allston, Washington. American Painter and Poet 1779- • ^43 

Almagro, Diego de. Companion of Pizarro in Peru .... 1463.. 1536 

Almain, James. French Scholastic Divine ■ — -.1515 

Almamoun. Caliph of Bagdad (814-33). Philos. & Astron. 786. . 833 
Almansor, Abu Amer. Caliph of Cordova (976-1002) . . . 939. . 100a 
Almansor, Abu Jafar. Sec. Abbaside Caliph (754-75). . 712?. 775 
Almeida, Apollinarius d'. Port. Missionary to Ethiopia. . 1587. . 1638 
Almeida, Francis. First Portuguese Viceroy in India ... — . .1510 

Almeida, Lawrence, son. Navigator — . .1508 

Almeida, Manuel d'. Portuguese Missionary to Indies . . 1580. .1646 
Almeloveen, Theodore Janssen van. Medical Writer.. . 1657. .1712 
Almendingen, Ludwig Harscher von. German Jurist. . 1766.. 1827 

Almeras, Louis. French General 1768. . 1828 

Almiei, Peter Camillus. Italian Classical Scholar 1714- • 1779 

Almon, John. Political Writer 1738?. 1805 

Aloaddin. Old Man of the Mountains. Chief of the Assass. 121 1. . — 

Alpago, Andrew. Italian Physician — . . 1555 

Alphen, Jerome van. Dutch Poet, Theol., Jurist, and Hist. 1746. .1803 

Alp Arslan. Second Sultan of the Seljuk Turks 1030?. 1072 

Alphanus, Benedict. Abp. of Palermo. Phys. and Poet. — . .1086 
Alphege, or Elphege, St. Archbishop of Canterbury. . . . 954?. 1012 
Alphonso I. King of Asturias (739-57). The Catholic. 693.. 757 
Alphonso II. of Astur. and Leon (791-842). The Chaste 758. . 842 
Alphonso III. of Astur. and Leon (866-912). The Great 848. . 912 

Alphonso IV. of Leon (924-927. ) The Monk — . . 932 

Alphonso V. of Leon (999-1028) 994.. 1028 

Alphonso VI.ofLeon( 1066-1109); I. of Castile. The Brave 1030. .1109 
Alphonso VII. (consort of Queen Urraque); not gen- 
erally reckoned — . . 1 134 

Alphonso VII. (or VIII.) of Leon (1126-57); II. of 

Castile. Raymond 1106. .1157 

Alphonso VIII. (or IX.) of Leon (1158-1214); III. of 

Castile. The Noble and The Good. I][ 55- .1214 

Alphonso X. (or IX.) of Leon (1252-85); IV. of Castile. 

The Wise and The Astronomer 1203. . 1284 

Alphonso XI. of Leon (1327-50); V. of Castile. The 

Avenger 1310. . 1350 



16 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Alphonso I. of Aragon (1104-34). The Battler — ..1134 

Alphonso II. of Aragon (1162-96) 1152. .1196 

Alphonso III. of Aragon (1285-91) 1265 . . 1291 

Alphonso IV. of Aragon (1327-36) I2 99- • I 33^> 

Alphonso V. of Aragon (1416-58); I. of Naples. The 

Magnanimous. Life by Becatelli, 1455 1385 . . 1458 

Alphonso I. of Portugal (1137-85). Htnriquez i°94- .1185 

AlphonsoII. (1212-23.) The Fat 1185..1223 

Alphonso III. (1248-79.) 1210..1279 

Alphonso IV. (1324-57.) The Brave 1290.. 1357 

Alphonso V. (1438-81.) The African 1432 . . 1481 

Alphonso VI. (1656-83)....' 1643. .1683 

Alphonso I. of Naples (1416-58); V. of Aragon 1385.. 1458 

Alphonso II. of Naples (1494-95) 1448. .1495 

Alphonsus, Tostatus. Spanish Bishop and. Theologian. 1420. .1445 
Alpini, Prosper. Venetian Phys. (De Plantis Exoticis) . . I553?.i6i7 

Alsop, Anthony. Poet and Miscellaneous Writer — . . 1727 

Alsop, Richard. American Writer 1 761 . . 181 5 

Alsop, Vincent. Ej ected Nonconformist. (Anti Sozzo). . — ..1703 
Alsted, John Henry. Ger. Protestant Div. and Philos.. 1588. .1638 
Alston, Chas., m.d. Scottish Writ, on Bot. and Medicine. 1683. .1760 

Alstroerner, Jonas. Swedish Public Benefactor 1685 . .1761 

Altdorfer, or Altorf, Albert. Ger. Engrav. and Painter. 1488. .1538 
Alten, Charles Augustus, Count. Hanoverian General. . . 1764. .1840 

Alter, Francis Charles. German Jesuit and Critic J 749- • 1804 

Althamerus, Andr., of Nuremberg. Reform, in Switz. . 1498. .1540? 
Althorp, John Chas., Visct, and Earl Spencer. Statesm. 1782. .1845 

Althusen, John. German Civilian. (Politics) 1557 . .1638 

Altilio, Gabriel. Neapolitan Latin Poet 1440?. 1501? 

Alting, Henry. German Protestant Divine 1583. . 1644 

Alttng, James, son. Professor at Groningen 1618 . .1679 

Alting, Menson. (Description of the Low Countries) ... . 1637.. 1713 

Alton, Jos. Wm. Edw. d'. Ger. Archaeol. and Nat 1772. . 1840 

Altorf, Albert. Painter and Engraver 1488. .1538 

Altovitis, Marseille d'. Florentine Poetess at Marseilles. 1550. .1606 

Alunno, Xich. Italian Painter, (fl. 15th c.) — aft.1500 

Alured, or Aired, of Beverly. Historian — . . 1126? 

Alva, Duke of. See Alvarez. L. by De Rustant, 1750. . 1508. .1582 
Alvaxado, Pet. de. Sp. Adventurer; Companion of Cortes — . . 1541 
Alvarez de Luna. Castilian Statesman; beheaded. . . . 1388?. 1453 
Alvarez, Diego. Spanish Dominican ; Polemical Divine . — .'1635 
Alvarezj Emanuel. Port. Jesuit (De Institut. Grammat.) 1526. .1582 
Alvarez, Ferd., Duke of Alva, q. v. Sp. Gen. in Netherl. 1505. .1582 

Alvarez, Francis. Portuguese Writer on Abyssinia 1515 . . 1540? 

Alvarez, Gomez. Spanish Poet 1488. . 1538 

Alvarez, Joseph. Spanish Sculptor 1768. . 1830 

Alvarez, Manuel. El Griego. Spanish Sculptor 1727. .1797 

Alvarotto, James of Padua. (In Libros Fevdorum) 1385 . . 1453 

Alvay Astorga, Peter d'. Span. Franciscan; Traveler. — ..1667 
Alvensleben, Philip Chas., Count of. Diplom. and Hist. 1745 • • I ^° 2 

Alviano, Bartholomew. Venetian General 1455 . . 1515 

Alypius, of Alexandria. (Introduction to Music) fl. ti. Julian 

Amadeus V. Count of Savoy (1285-1323). The Great. 1249. .1323 
Amadeus VI. (1343-83) 1334. . 1383 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 17 



BORN 

Amadeus VII. (1383-91.) The Red 1360 

Amadeus VIII. (1391-1449.) The Pacific 1383 

Amadeus IX. Count or Duke of Savoy (1465-72) 1435 

Amaja, or Amaya, Francis. Spanish Civilian — 

Amalaric. King of the Visigoths (526-31) 502 

Amalarius Symphosius, of Metz. Eccles. Antiquary. . — 

Amalasontha. Queen of the Goths in Italy 498 

Amalie. See Amelia. 

Amalric, Arnold. Abp. of Narbonne. Albigens. Crusader — 

Amalteo, Cornelius. Physician and Poet 1530 

Amalteo, Jerome, br. Italian Physician and Poet 1506 

Amalteo, J. Bapt., br. Papal Secretary and Poet 1525 

Amalteo, Pomponio. Venetian Painter 1505 

Amama, Sixtinus. Dutch Orientalist 1593 

Aman, John. German Architect 1765 

Amand, St. Bp. of Maestricht ; Apostle of the Netherl. . 589 

Amand, Mark Anthony Gerard, St. See St. Amand 1594 

Amaseo, Romulus. Italian Scholar 1489 

Amati, Pasquaile. Italian Antiquary 1716 

Amato, John Anthony d'. Neapolitan Painter 1475 

Amato, John Anth. d', neph. The Younger. Neapol. Pa. 1535 

Amaury I. King of Jerusalem (1162-73) 1136 

Amaury II. King of Jerusalem and Cyprus (1194-1205) . — 

Amaya, Francis. Spanish Civilian — 

Amberger, Christopher, of Nuremb. Pa. and Engraver. 1490 
Amboise, Francis d'. French Lawyer and Poet ; Writer.. 1550 

Amboise, George d'. Cardinal. See D' Amboise 1460 

Ambrogi, Dominic. Menechino del Brizio. Painter — 

Ambrogio, Theseus. Italian Orientalist 1469 

Ambrose, Isaac. Nonconf. Divine. {Looking unto Jesus). — 
Ambrose, St. Bp. Milan (374-97). Life by Garcams, 

1571 ; Godfrey Hermant ; Silbert, 1841 340 

Ambrose de Lombez. {Lettres Sjrirituelles) 1708 

Ambrosini, Bartholomew, of Bologna. Phys. and Bot. . — 

Ambrosius, Aurelianus. British King — 

Ambrosius, Catharinus Politus. Neapolitan Divine — 

Ameilhon, Hubert Pascal. ( Commerce of the Egyptians) . 1730 
Amelia, Anna. Princess of Prussia. Musical Composer. 1723 
Amelia. Duchess of Saxe- Weimar. Patroness of Letters . 1739 

Amelia. Princess, daughter of George III 1 78^ 

Amelot de la Houssaye, Abrah. Nieh. Writer 1634 

Amelotte, Denis. Fr. Biblical Translator and Comment. 1606 
Amelunghi, Jerome. 11 Gobbo di Pisa. {La Gigantea).. fl. 

Amerbach, John. Learned Printer at Basle — 

Amerbach, Vitus. Classical Scholar at Ingoldstadt. . . . 1487 
Americus Vespucius. Navigator. Life by Bandini, 

1745 ; Lester and Foster, 1846 145 1 

Ames, Fisher. American Politician 1758 

Ames, Joseph. ( Typographical Antiquities) 1689 

Ames, William. Polem. Divine. {Medulla Theologica). 1576 

Amherst, Jeffery, Lord. Field-Marshal 1717 

Amherst, William Pitt, Second Lord, First Earl, nephew. 

Governor-General of India (1823-27) 1773 

Amh ursi,, Nirh. Poet and Polit. Writer. {Craftsman). 1706 
2 



DIED. 

1391 

1451 
1472 
164O? 

531 
837 

535 

225 

603 
•574^ 

:573 

[629 

=834 
679 
[661 

■SS 2 
796 

555 
598 

173 

[205 
[640? 
569? 
:62o 

: 5 10 , 
[660? 

[540 

[664 

397 

778 
657 
508? 

£5 2 
811 

787 

807 

810 

706 

678 

547 

5I5 ? 
557 ? 

IKX6 

[808 

759 
^33 

[/97 

[857 
[742 



18 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 



BORX. DIED. 



Amici, John Baptist. Italian Astronomer 1784 

Amico, Antonine, of Palermo. (Sicilian Regum Annates). — .. 

Amiconi, or Amigoni, James. Venetian Painter., 1675.. 

Amidano, Pomponio. Historical Painter — aft. 

Amiot, Joseph. French Jesuit Missionary to China 1718. . 

Amling, Charles Gustavus. German Pa. and Engraver. 165 1.. 
Amman, John Conrad. Physician for Deaf and Dumb. . 1669. . 

Amman, John, son. Physician and Botanist 1707. . 

Amman, Justus, of Zurich. Engraver and Painter 1539. . 

Amman, Paul, of Leipsic. Medical and Botanical Writer. 1634. . 
jimmanate, Barthol. of Florence. Architect and Sculp.. 1511. . 

Ammanate, Laura Battiferri, wife. Poetess IS 1 !- • 

Ammianus Marcellinus. Soldier and Historian — .. 

Ammirato, Scipio. (History of Florence) 1531 . . 

Ammon, Andrew. Ital. Latin Poet. Sec. to Henry VIII. . 1477. . 
Ammon, Christopher Frederick. German Theologian.. 1766.. 
Ammonius Saccas. Platonist of Alexandria. Life 

by Debaut. 1836 160?. 

Amontons, William. French Math, and Inventor 1663. . 

Amort, Eusebius. Bavarian Theologian 1692. . 

Amory, Thos., d.d. Dissenting Divine and Biographer. 1701. . 
Amory, Thomas. Humorous Writer. (John Buncle)... 1619 .. 

Ampere, Andrew Mary. Scientific Writer 1775 • • 

.Ampere, John James Anthony. AVriter i8oo ? . 

Amrou. Saracen Conqueror of Egypt 600 ? . . 

Amsdorf, Nicholas. Lutheran Divine 1483 . . 

Amsler, Samuel. German Engraver 1791 . . 

Amurath, or Morad. or Murad, I. Turk. Sultan (1360-89). 1319. . 

Amurath II. (1422-51) 1404. . 

Amurath III. (1574-95) 1544. . 

Amurath IV. (1623-40) i6io ? . 



863 

641 

752 

595 

794 

701 

730? 

74i 

59i 

691 

5 9 z? 

589 

390? 

601 

820 

243 

705 

775 
774 
788 
836 
864 
663 

565 
849 

389 

45i 

595 
640 



Amyn Ahmed. El Razy. Per.Wri. ( The Seven Climates) fl. 17th c 

Amyot, James. Bishop of Auxerre. Savant- I 5 I 3- • J 593 

Amyot, or Amiot, Joseph. French Jesuit Missionary. ... 1718. . 1794 

Amyraut, Moses. French Protestant Theologian J 596- • 1664 

Anaeharsis. 'Scythian Traveler and Philosopher fl. 594 b.c. 

Anacletus. Bishop of Rome (78-91) — .. 91 

Anacletus. Antipope (1130). Peter de Leon — --1138 

Anacreon. Greek Lyric Poet. Life by Joshua Barnes, 

1721; Axelson, 1755 563 ? b. 0.478? 

Anastasius I. East. Emp. (491-518). Silentiarius 430 ..518 

Anastasius H. (713-19) — . . 721 

Anastasius I. Pope (398-101) — . . 401 

Anastasius U. (496-98) — . . 498 

Anastasius m. (911-13) —..913 

Anastasius IV. (1153-54.) Conrad — . . 1154 

Anastasius. Patriarch of Constantinople — • • 753 

Anastasius, St. Astric. Apostle of the Hungarians. . . . 954. . 1044 

Anaxagoras. Greek Philosopher 500 B.c.428 

Anaximander, of Miletus. Greek Philosopher 610 B.c.547 

Ancharano, Peter. Civilian and Canonist 1350?. 1417? 

Anchieta, Jos. Portug. Jesuit. Apostle of N. World. 

L.byBerettari,1617; Vasconcellos, 1672; Oddi,1824. . 1533. .1597 
Ancillon, Charles. Protestant Writer 1659. . 1715 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 



19 



BORN 

Ancillon, David. French Theologian 1617 

Ancillon, John Peter Fred. Pruss. Statesman and Hist . . 1766 
Ancourt, Florence Carton d\ Fr. Comic Actor & Writer. 1661 

Ancre, Concino Concini, Marshal d' — 

An nus Marcius. Fourth king of Rome — B 

Anderson, Adam. Writer on Trade 1692 

Anderson, Alexander. Scottish Mathematician 1582 

Anderson, Alexander. Naturalist — 

Anderson, Sir Edmund. Lord Chief Justice. (Reports).. 1531 

Anderson, George. Oriental Traveler 1600 

Anderson, George. Writer on India 1760 

Anderson, George. Mathematician 1760 

Anderson, James. Scotch Antiquary and Historian. . . . 1662 

Anderson, James, l.l.d. Agricultural Writer 1739 

Anderson, James, m.d. Naturalist. (Cochineal) - 

Anderson, John, of Hamburg. (Nat. Hist, of Greenland) 1674 

Anderson, John. Scottish Presbyterian Writer 1678 

Anderson, John. Prof, at Glasgow. Found, of Institut. 1726 
Anderson, John. Scottish Surgeon. (House of Hamilton) 1786 

Anderson, Lawrence. Swedish Reformer — 

Anderson, Robert, m.d. Critic and Biographical Writer 1750 

Anderson, Robert. The Cumbrian Poet 1770 

Anderson, Walter. Scottish Writer. (Hist, of France) 1720 
Andersson, Charles John. Swedish African Explorer . . ■ — 
Anderton, Henry. English Hist, and Portrait Painter . . - 

Andier des Roehers, John. French Engraver — 

Andrada. See D'Andrada, Anthony 1580 

Andre. See Andrea, Andreae, Andreas, Andrew. 

Andre, Major John. Executed in American War 1751 

Andre, John. German Musical Composer 1741 

Andre, Yves Mary. Fr. Jesuit. (Essay on the Beautiful) 1675 
Andrea. See Andre, Andrea?, Andreas, Andrew. 

Andrea, Caval Canti. Italian Writer -*— 

Andrea di Luigi, of Aloisi. V Ingegno 1450 

Andrea da Pisa. Sculptor and Architect 1270 

Andrea del Sarto. Painter 1488 

Andreae. See Andre\ Andrea, Andreas, Andrew. 

Andreae, John Gerhard Reiuhard, of Hanover. Naturalist 1724 

Andreae, John Valentine. (Mythologies Christianas) 1586 

Andreae, Tobias, of Groningen. Cartesian Philosopher. . 1604 

Andreae, Tobias. Carte>ian Philosopher. . . . , 1633 

Andreani, Andrew, of Mantua. Engraver 1540 

Andreas, See Andre\ Andrea, Andreas, Andrew. 

Andreas, Jas. German Reformer. Life by J. V. Andreas 1528 

Andreas, John. Canonist at Bologna 1275 

Andreas, Valerius. Desse/his. Scholar of Brabant 1588 

Andreini, Francis, of Pistoia. Comic Writer — 

Andreini, Isabella, wife. Comic Writer and Improvisat ore 1562 
Andreini, J. Baptista. Poet and Dramatist. (DAdamo) 1578 

Andrelinus, Publius Faustus. Latin Poet — 

Andreossi, Anthony Francis, Ct. Fr. Officer and Diplom. 1761 
Andrew. See Andre\ Andrea, Andreae, Andreas. 

Andrew I. King of Hungary (1047-61) — 

Andrew II. (1204-35.) Hierosolymitan 1175 



692 

837 
726 
617 
614 
765 

$13 

[605 

[675? 
796 
:8o6 
728 



743 
1720 
796 
[832 
[552 
[830 

$33 

[800 

[856 

[665? 

[741 

t634 

[780 
799 
764 

[672 
1520 
[345 
i53o 

793 
664 
'.676 
[685 
[623 

590 

t348 

:6 5 6 
[616 
[604 
[652? 
;i8 

}28 

[061 
I2 35 



20 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Andrew HI. (1290-1301.) Venetian — . . 1301 

Andrew, of Pisa. Sculptor and Architect 1270. . 1345 

Andrew, John, of Ratisbon. Andreas If agister. Hist., n. 1410 

Andrews, James Pettit. Miscellaneous "Writer 1737- • J 797 

Andrews, Lancelot. Bishop of Winchester. Life by 

Isaacson; A. T. Russell 1555 . .1626 

Andrews, Miles Peter. Dramatic Writer — . . 1814 

Andrieu, Bertram!. French Medallic Engraver 1761 . .1822 

Andrieux, Francis Wm. John Stanislaus. French Author 1759. 1833 

Andronicus, Livius. Latin Dramatic Poet — B.c.22i : ' 1 

Andronicus I. Comnenus. East. Emp. (1163-1185) . 1110..1185 
Andronicus II. Palselogus. (1282-1328.) Elder ... 1260.. 1332 
Andronicus III. Palaeologus. (1328-41.) Younger .1296. .1341 
Andros, Sir Edmund. Colonial Governor of New York, 

New England, and Virginia 1637. .1714 

Androuet du Cerceau, James. French Architect — . . 1592 

Andry, Nicholas. (Bois-Regard.) French Medical Writer 1658. .1742 

Anel, Dominic, of Savoy. Medical Writer 1679?. 1730? 

Anesi, Paul. Florentine Painter — . .1750? 

Aneurin, British Poet and Chieftain. ( Odes of the Months) — .. 570'' 
Angarville, Richard. De Bury. Bishop of Durham; 

Lord Chancellor. Life by S. Gibson 1287?. 1345 

Ange de St. Joseph. Joseph Labrosse. ^Mission, to Persia 1636. .1697 
Ange de St. Rosalie. Fr. Hist. (E ' Etat de la France) 1655. .1726 

Angeli, Bonaventura, of Parma. Historian 1525?. 1576 

Angeli, or Angelio, Peter. Latin Poet 1517- -1596 

Angeli, Philip d\ Napoletano. Artist 1600. . 1640 

Angelico. See Fiesole. Painter 1387 . . 1455 

Angelis, Dominic de 1675 . . 1719 

Angelis, Peter. Artist 1685 . . 1 734 

Angelo, Fioriozzola. Florentine Poet — . .1548 

Angelo. See Michael Angelo J 474- ^5^4 

Angelo, Policiano. Italian Writer. (Rusticus) HS4- • — 

Angeloni, Francis. (Augustan History by Medals) — . .1652 

Angeloni, Louis. Italian Politician and Writer 1758?. 1842 

Angelus, Christopher. Greek Refugee in Eng. Scholar. — ..1638 

Angennes, Julia d', of Paris. Artenice 1607?. 1671 

Angerstein, John Julius. Collector of Paintings 1735 . . 1822 

Angier, Sam. Ejected Nonconf. Div. (Help to Better Hearts) 1605?. 1677 

Angilbert, or Engilbert, St. Statesman and Poet — . . 814 

Angiolotto, or Giotto. Painter 1276. . 1336 

Anglesey, Arth. Anneslev, Earl of. ( Troubles of fr eland) 16x4 .. 1686 
Anglesey, H. W. Paget,*Marquess of. Field Marshal ... 1768. . 1854 
Anglus, Thomas. Albius, or White. R. Cath. Divine . . . 1582. .1676 
Angouleme, Charles de Valois, Duke d', son of Charles 

IX. Commander 1573. . 1650 

Angouleme, Maria Theresa Charlotte, Duchess d'. 

Madame Roy ale, dau. of Louis XVI. L. by Mrs.Romer 1778. .1851 

Anguier, Francis. French Sculptor 1604. . 1669 

Anguier, Michael, brother. Sculptor 1612 . . 1686 

Anguillara, John Andrew dell'. Italian Poet 1517^.1564 

Anguillara, Louis. Jtalian Botanist — . . 1570 

Anguisciola, Sophonisba, of Cremona. Painter 1533?. 1620? 

Anicetus. Bishop of Rome (157 ? -161) — . . 161 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 21 

BORN. DIED. 

Anich, Peter, of Inspruck. Astronomer and Mechan 1723. .1766 

Aniello. See Masaniello 1623. . 1646 

Ankarstrom, J. Jacob. Assass. of Gustavus III. of Swed. 1 761 . . 1 792 
Anna Comnena. Byzantine Historian. (Alexiad) .... 1083... 1 148 

Anna Ivanowna. Empress of Russia 1693 . . 1 740 

Annand, William. Scottish Episcopal Divine l ^33- ■ ^^9 

Ann at, Francis. French Jesuit; Anti-Jansenist i59°- • ^7° 

Anne, of Cvprus. Duchess of Savoy — . . 1462 

Anne, of Brittany. Q. of France. Life by Costello, 1855 1476. .1514 

Anne, of Beaujeu, daughter of Louis XI 1462?. 1522 

Anne, of Hungary. Wife of Ferdinand of Austria 1503.. 1547 

Anne, of Cleves. Queen of Henry VIII 1516. .1557 

Anne, of Denmark. Queen of James I !574- • *6i9 

Anne, of Austria, wife of Louis XIII. of France. Life by 

Motteville ; P. Pelisson-Fontanier 1602. . 1666 

Anne, Queen of England. Life by Oldmixon, 1721; 

Boyer, 1722 ; Chamberlen, 1738 1664. . 1714 

Annebaut, Claude d'. Marshal and Admiral of France. . — . . 1552 
Annesley, Arthur. E. of Anglesey. Statesm. and Writer 1614. .1686 

Annesley, Samuel. Ejected Nonconformist Divine 1620?. 1696 

Annett, Peter. Deistical Writer. {Free Enquirer) — --1778 

Annius, or John Xanni, of Viterbo. Literary Impostor. . 1432?. 1502 

Anquetil Duperron, Louis Peter. Historian i7 2 3- ■ i8°8 

Anquetil Duperron, Abr. Hyacinthe. Orientalist 1731 . . 1805 

Ansaldi, Casto Innocent. Italian Theologian 1710. .1779 

Ansaloni, Giordano. Dominican Missionary in Japan ... — . . 1634 
Ansearius, or Ansgar. Bishop of Hamburg. Missionary 

to Scandinavia 801 . . 864 

Anselm, St. Bishop of Lucca. ( Contra Guibertum) 1036. .1086 

Anselm, Apb. Canterb. (1093-1109). Life by Eadmer; 
F. R. Hasse, tr. by Turner, 1850 ; Mohler, tr. by Cox ; 

Chas. de Remusat; W. and M. Wilks, 1862 1033. .1109 

Anselm, of Laon. Doctor Scholasticus. Commentator... io5o ? .ui7 
Anselme, Father. Hist. ( Geneal. of Bouse of France) . . . 1625 . . 1694 

Anselme, Anthony. French Preacher and Poet 1652. .1737 

Anselmi, Michael Angelo. Painter 1491 . . 1554 

Anson, Geo., Lord. Commodore. L. by Sir J. Barrow, 1838 1697. . 1762 
Anspaeh, Elizb., Lady Craven, Margravine of. L. by self. 1750. . 1828 
Anstey, Christopher. Poet. (New Bath Guide.) Life by 

J. Anstey, 1808 1724- -1805 

Anstis, John, m.p. Garter King-at-Arms 1669 . . 1744 

Anstis, John, son. Garter King-at-Arms .' 1708?. 1754 

Anstruther, Sir John. Chief Justice of Bengal 1753. .1811 

Antar. Arabian Chief and Poet n. 500? 

Antelmi, Joseph. Fr. Antiq. and Writer on Church His. 1648. . 1697 
Antesignanus, Peter. Fr. Class. Schol. and Grammarian fl. 1556 
Antbemius. Roman Emperor of the West (467-72) .... — . . 472 
Anthemius. Architect and Philos. at Constantinople ... — . . 534 

Antbon, John. American Jurist 1784. • 1863 

Anthony, St., the Great. Founder of Monachism 251 . . 356 

Anthony, of Padua. Theologian and Preacher 1195 . . 1231 

Anthony, of Palermo. Panormita. See Beccadelli 1394- • I 47i 

Anthony, or Antonello, of Messina. Italian Painter 1447 . . 1496 

Anthony, of Lebrixa. Antonius Nebrissensis. Span. Writ. 1444.. 1522 



22 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Anthony, Francis. London Apothecary. (AvrnmPotabile) 1550.. 1623 

Anthony, Marc. Engraver. See Raimondi 1475?. 1534 

Anthony, Nicholas. Spanish Hist. (Bibliotheca Nova) 161 7. .1684 
Anthony, Paul Gabriel. French Jesuit. ( Tl/eol. Dogmatica) 1679. • J 743 

Anthony de Bourbon. Titular King of Navarre 151S. .1562 

Antigonus. General of Alexander; fell at Ipsus 381 B.C. 301 

Antigonus Doson. King of Macedonia — b.c. 220 

Antigonus Gonatas. King of Macedonia (283-239). . . . 319B.C.239 

Antimaco, Mark Anthony. Greek Teacher in Italy 1473?. 1552 

Antine, Maur Francis d\ Benedictine. (L'Artde Verifier) 1688. .1746 

Antiochus Epiphanes. King of Syria — B.C. 164 

Antiochus the Great. King of Syria 237 b.c. 187 

Antiochus Grypus. King of Syria 141 B.C. 96 

Antiochus Sidetes. King of Syria — b.c. 126 

Antiochus Soter. King of Syria (280-261) 323'B. c. 261 

Antiochus Theus. King of Syria (261-2-16) 286^.0.246 

Antipater. Regent of Macedonia — B.C. 319 

Antiquus, John. Historical Painter 1702. .1750 

Antoinette, Marie. Queen of Louis XVI 1755 . .1793 

Antommarchi, Francis. Physician and Author. (Les 

Derniers Moments de Napoleon) — . . 1838 

Anton Ulrich. Prince Regent in Russia 1714. .1780? 

Antonello, or Antonio, of Messina. Hist, and Portr. Pa. . . 1447 . . 1496 

Antoniano, Silvius. Roman Cardinal ; Scholar x 54 ' • 1603 

Antonides, John van der Goes. Dutch Poet 1647. .1684 

Antoninus, M. Aurelius. Philosopher. Roman Emperor 

(161-80). Life by Guevara 121. . 180 

Antoninus Pius. Roman Emperor (138-61) 86.. 161 

Antonio. See Anthony and Antonello. 

Antonisze, Cornelius. Dutch Painter and Engraver. . . . 1500. .1536 

Antonius. See Anthony. 

Antonius, Marcus, or Mark Antony. Triumvir 83? B.C. 30 

Antraigues, Emanuel L. H. Delaunay, Ct. of. Fr. Polit. 1765. .1812 
Anville, John Baptist Bourguignon d\ Geographer. . . . 1697. .1782 

Anwari. King of Khorassan. Persian Poet — ..1200 

Apafi, Michael I. Prince of Transylvania 1632. .1713 

Apelles. Greek Painter. Life by Carlo Dati fl. B.C. 332 

Apian, Peter. German Mathematician and Astronomer. . 1495 . -1552 
Apollinaris, C. S. Sidonius. Rom. Patrician and Poet. 431?.. 484? 
Apollinarius, Claudius. Bp. of Hierapolis. Apologist., fl. ab. 177 

Apollinarius or -ris, the Elder. Gramm. and Divine fl. 362 

Apollinarius or -ris, the Younger, son. Bishop of Lao- 

dicea. Commentator — . . 382? 

Apollodorus. Grammarian of Athens fl.ab.140 b.c 

Apollonio, Jacopo, of Bassano. Painter 1584. . 1654 

Apollonius, of Alexandria. Dyscolos. Greek Gram fl. 2d c. 

Apollonius, of Perga. Mathematician. {Conic Sections). . fl. 240 B.C. 

Apollonius Rhodius. Poet and Grammarian fl.222-i88B.c. 

Apollonius of Tyana. Philosopher. Life bv Philostra- 

tus, tr. by Blount, 1680, and Berwick, 1809 ; Le Nain 

du Tillemont, tr. by Jenkin, 1703 3?b.c.98?a.d. 

Apono, or Abano, Peter of. Astrologer and Physician. . . 1250. . 1315 

Appel, Jacob. Dutch Painter 1680. .1751 

Appelman, Barent. Dutch Painter 1640 . . 1686 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 23 

BORN. DIED. 

Apperley, Charles James. Eng. Sportsman and Writer. 1777 -1843 

Appian. Roman Historian fl.98' - 161 ? 

Appiani, Andrew. Fresco Painter 1 754. . 1818 

Appiani, Francis. Fresco Painter 1702 . .1792 

Appius Claudius. Roman Decemvir — B.c.449 

Appleton, Jesse. American Divine and Educator 1-77 2 - ■ 1819 

Appuleius, Lucius. Platonic Phil 08. ( The Golden Ass). 130 ''aft. 173 
Apreece, or Rhese, John. (Fides Histories Britannm) . . . — . . 1 555 ? 
Aprosio, Angel ico. Ital. Writer. {Bibliotheca Aprosiana) 1607.. 1681 

Aproxin, Theo. Matvayevitch. Russian Admiral 167 1 . .1728 

Apthorp, Hast. English Divine and Author 1733. . 1816 

Aquapendente. Italian Physician. See Fabricius 1537.. 1619 

Aqua viva, Andrew Matthew. Neapol. Noble and Writ. 1457?. 1528 

Aquaviva, Claude. General of the Jesuits. Writer 1542. . 161 5 

Aquaviva, Octavius. Card. Abp. Naples; Patr. of Learn. 1560?. 1612 

Aquila, Pompeio del. Painter fl. 1580? 

Aquila, Ponticus. Trans, of the Old Test, into Greek. . . fl. ab. 130 
Aquilano, Serarlno. Italian Poet and Improvvisatore . . . 1466. .1500 
Aquinas, Thomas, St. Angelic Doctor. Life by Echard, 

Dr. Hampden 1224? . 1274 

Aquino, Philip, of Cai*pentras. Converted Jew ; Hebraist — ..1650 

Arabella Stuart. See Stuart « 1577?. 1615 

Arabschah, of Damascus. Historian — . . 1450 

Arago, Francis John Dominic. Fr. Astron. L. by self. . 1786. .1853 

Araldi, Alexander. Painter — , .1528 

Aram, Eugene. Scholar; executed for murder i7°4- • 1759 

Aranda, Peter P. A. de Bolea, Ct. of. Sp. Statesman. . . 17 18. .1799 
Arantius, Julius Cses., of Bologna. Anat. and Physiol.. 1530. .1589 

Aratus, of Sicyon. Aehoean General and Historian 271B.C.213 

Aratus. Astronomical Poet of Cilicia. (Phenomena). . . fl. b.c. 272 

Araujo, D'Azevedo Antonio. Portuguese Scientist 1754. .1817 

Arblay, Madame Frances d'. See D'Arblay. 

Arbogast, Louis Francis Anth. ( Calcid des Derivations).. 1759. .1803 

Aj-brissel, Robert d'. Founder of Fontevrault Abbey. . . 1047?. 1117 

Aj-buckle, James. Scotch Poet 1700?. 1734? 

Axbuthnot, Alexander. Scotch Reformer 1538. . 1583 

Axbuthnot, John, m. d. ( Coins: Martinus Scriblerus). . 1675. .1735 

Arc, Joan of. See Dare 1412-''. 1431 

Arcadius. Roman Emperor of the East (395-408) 383. . 408 

Arcere, Anthony, of Marseilles. Orient.; Coll. of MSS. — ..1699 
Arcere, Louis Stephen, of Marseilles. Poet and Topog. . 1598.. 1782 
Areesilaus. Athen. Philos. Found, of Middle Academy 316*6.0.241 

Areet, John d'. French Natural Philosopher 1725 . . 1801 

Archdall, Mervyn. Irish Antiq. (Monasticon Hibernicon) 1 723.. 1 791 
Archdekin, Richard. Irish Jesuit. ( Essay on Miracles) . 1619..1693 
Arcb.enh.olz, John Wm. von. Ger. Wr. (SevenYrs'' War) 1745.. 1812 

Archer, John Wykeham. Painter and Antiquary 1809'. 1864 

Archer, Sir Simon. Warwickshire Antiquary 1581 . . — 

Archilocus, of Paras. Greek Lyric Poet 7i4 ? B.c.676 

Archimedes. Mathematician. L. by Mazzuchelli, 1737 287 ? B.c.2i2 

Archytas. Philosopher, of Tarentum fl. B.C. 400? 

Arco, Alonzo del. Deaf and Dumb Spanish Painter 1625.. 1700 

Arco, Nicholas, Count of. Italian Latin Poet 1479- -1546 

Arcon, John Claude d'. French Engineer I 733- • I 8oo 



24 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Arcq, Philip Augustus de St. Foix d'. Fr. Hist. Writer. — . .1779 
Arcudi, Alexander Thomas. Venetian Hist, and Biogr.. i655..i72o ? 

Arcudio, Peter. Italian Theologian 1 570''. 1635? 

Arculphus. French Bishop. Writer on the Holy Land . fl. 690? 

Arden, Edward. Gentleman ; executed for treason 1531 . .1583 

Arden, Richard Pepper. First Lord Alvanley. Judge. . 1745. .1804 

Ardern, John. English Surgeon fl. 1370 

Ardicini, Louis. Italian Writer on Agriculture 1739- • 1S33 

Arena, Anthony d'. French Jurist and Macaronic Poet. . — . .1544 

Arendt, Martin Frederick. Traveler 1769. . 1824 

Aresi, Paul. Italian Theologian i574 ? - 1644 

Aretseus, of Cappadocia. Greek Physician fl. 70? 

Aretin, John Christoph. Ant. Maria, Baron von. Writer.. 1773. -1824 

Aretino, Francis. Italian Scholar. See Accolti 1418?. 1485? 

Aretino, Leonard. Brtmi. Italian Historian 1369. .1444 

Aretino, Peter. Ital. Satirist. Life by Berni, 1537; Du- 
jardin, 1750; Mazzuchelli, 1763; Dubois Fontanelle, 

1768. 1492.. 1557 

Aretino, Spinello. Italian Painter 1308?. i40o ? 

Argall, Kev. .Idlm. Scholar, m. a. 1566 — ..1606 

Argall, Richard. English Poet fl. 1621 

Argall, Sir SamueL Lnglish Adventurer in America. ... fl 17th c. 

Argand, Aimc. Inventor of Argand Lamp — . . 1803 

Argellati, Philip. Italian Writer. {Milanese Writers).. 1685.. 1755 
Argens,.!. Bapt. de Boyer, Marquis of. Fr. Soldier & Wr. 1704. .1771 

Argensola, Barthol. Leonard de. Hist., Poet, Theol 1566. . 1631 

Argensola, Lupereio Leonard de, br. Span. Poet and Hist. 1565?. 1613 
Argenson, Mark Peter, Comte de. French Statesman.. . 1696. .1764 

Argentier, John, of Turin. Physician I 5 I 3- • I 57 2 

Argentr6, Bertrand d'. (History of Brittany) 1519. -1590 

Argentre, Chas. Duplessis d'. ( Collectio Judiciorum) . . . 1673. .1740 
Argenville, Anthony Jos. Dezallier d\ (L. of Painters). 1680. .lyb^ 

Argoli, Andrew. Italian Mathematician 1570. .1653? 

Argoli, John. Italian Poet and Archaeologist 1609?. i66o ? 

Argonne, Xoel Bonaventure d'. Vigneul de Marville. . . 1640?. 1704 

Arguelles, Augustin. Spanish Politician — ..1844 

Argues, Gerard des. French Geometer 1593. . 1662 

Argyle, Archibald Campbell, 8th Earl and 1st Marquess of. 

Covenanter. Beheaded 1598. . 1661 

/Lrgyle, Archibald Campbell, 9th Earl of, son. Mc Galium 

More. Confederate of Monmouth. Beheaded — ..1685 

Argyle and Greenwich, John Campbell, 2d Duke of. 

Commander. Life by Robert Campbell, 1745 1678. . 1743 

Argyropulus, John. Reviver of Greek Learning in Italy. . — aft. 1478 

Arialdus, St — . . 1066 

Arias Montanus, Benedict. Cath. Divine and Linguist. 1527. . 1598 

Ariosto, Gabriel. Poet — . . 1552 

Ariosto, Louis, brother. Italian Poet. ( Orlando Furioso.) 
Life by Pigna, 1554; Garofelo, 1584; Harrington, 1634; 
Hoole; A. Fabroni, 1800; Baraffaldi, 1807; Fernow, 

1809 : Panizzi *474- • 1533 

Arisi, Francis, of Cremona. Writer. (Cremona Literata) 165 7.. 1743 

Arista, Mariano. Mexican General and President 1802. . 1855 

Aristarchus, of Samos. Greek Astron. and Philosopher, fl. B.C. 280? 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 25 

BORN. DEED. 

Aristarchus, of Samothrace. Greek Grammarian fl. 3.0.150? 

Arisfcid.es. Athenian Statesman — 3.0.468? 

Aristippus. Founder of the Cyrenaic School of Phil. .. . fl.5thc.B.c. 

Aristobulus I. High-Priest and King of the Jews — B.c.106 

Asistobulus II. Deposed by Pompey — B.c.492 

Aristophanes. Greek Comedian 444 ? b.c.38o? 

Aristotle. Greek Philosopher. Life by Beurer, 1587; 

Schott, 1603 ; Blakesley, 1839 384B.C.322 

Arius. Founder of Arianism. Life by Travasa, 1746. .. . — .. 336 
Arkel, Cornelius van, of Amsterdam. Arminian Divine 

724 

777 
792 

743 
685 

483 
814 



and Preacher 1670 

Arkenholz, John. Swedish Writ. {Mems. of Christina) 1695 
Arkwright, Sir Richard. Inventor of Spinning-Jenny . . 1 732 

Arland, James Anthony. Swiss Painter 1668 

Arlington, Henry Bennet, 1st Earl of. Statesman 1618 

Arlotto. 11 Piovano, or The Dean. Italian Humorist. . .1395 

Armfelt, Gustavus Maurice. Swedish Politician 1757 

Arminius. Cheruscan Chief. i8b.c . 19A.D 

Arminius, James. Dutch Theologian. Life by Petrus 

Bertius ; Brandt, 1724 1560. . 1609 

Armstrong, John, m. d. Poet 1709- -1779 

Armstrong, John, m. d. Med. Writ. L. by Boott, 1832. 1784. .1829 
Armstrong, John. Bp. of Grahamstown. L. by Carter. 1S13. .1856 
Armstrong, Sir Thos. Royalist; partisan of Monmouth . — ..1684 

Armyne, Mary, Lady. Benefactress — . . 1675 

Arnald, Richard. ( Commentary on the Apocrypha) 1696. .1756 

Arnall, William. Political Writer. {Free Briton) 1715..1741 

Arnau, John. Spanish Historical Painter 1595 . . 1693 

Arnaud, Francis. Abbot of Grand Champs. Writer 1721 . .1784 

Arnaud, Francis Thos. Marie Baculard d'. French Writer 1718. . 1805 

Arnaud, George d'. French Jurist 1711 . .1740 

Arnaud, Henry. Vaudois Pastor and Leader 1641 . .1721 

Arnaud de Mereuil, Daniel. Troubadour Poet — . .1189? 

Arnaud de Ronsil, George. French Surgeon in London. 1697.. 1774 

Arnaud de Villa Nova, or Arnoldus, which see 1235 ? . 1314 

Arnauld, Anthony. The Advocate. Lawyer of Paris.. 1560.. 1619 
Arnauld, Anthony. The Great Arnauld; of Port Royal, 1612. .1694 
Arnauld d'Andilly, Robert. Apologist for Port Royal. 

Life by himself 15S9. . 1674 

Arnauld, Henry. Bishop of Angers. {Negotiations) . . . 1597. .1692 

Arnauld, Marie Angelique. Abbess of Port Royal 1591 . . 1671 

Arnauld, Marie Angelique, niece. Abbess of Pt. Royal. 1624. .1684 

Arnault, Anthony Vincent. French Author 1766. . 1834 

Arnd, John, of Anhault. Lutheran. {True Christianity) . 1555.. 1621 
Arndt, C. Gottlieb von. ( Origin of European Dialects) . . — . . 1829 

AJrndt, Ernest Maurice. German Political Writer 1769. . — 

Arndt, Joshua. {Dictionary of Ecclesiastical Antiquities). 1626. .1685 

Arne, Dr. Thomas Augustine. Musical Composer 1710, .1778 

Arnim, Louis Achim von. Ger. Poet and Romance Writ. . 17S1 . . 1831 
Arniseeus, Heningus. Phys. and Polit. Wr. at Helmstadt. 1580?. 1636 
Arnobius. Christian Writer of Africa. {Contra Genles). fl. 296 

Arnold, Benedict. American General and Traitor 174c • 1S01 

Arnold, Christoph. Prof, at Altorf. {Testimon. Flavianum) 1527.. 1685 
Arnold, Godfrey. Ger. Mystic Div. and Eccles. Hist. . . 1666. .1714 



26 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Arnold, John. Cornish Watchmaker and Inventor 1744- ■ 1799 

Arnold, Dr. Samuel. Musical Composer 1739?. 1802 

Arnold, Strutthan von Winckelried. Swiss Patriot 1300. .^386 

Arnold, Thomas, m. d. Physician for Insanity 1742. . 1816 

Arnold, Rev. Thos., d. d., of Rugby. L. by A.P. Stanley 1795 • ■ r ^4 2 
Arnold, Rev. T. Kerchever. Editor of School Classics.. 1800.. 1853 
Arnold of Brescia. Reformer. Life by Koeler, 1742; 

Guadagnini, 1790 ; Francke, 1825 ; Kiccolini — . .1155 

Arnolde, Richard. Chronicler I45i ? .i52i ? 

Arnoldi, Bartholomew. Anti- Lutheran Writer — . . 1532 

Arnoldi, John. Dutch Diplomatist and Statesman.. . . . . 1751. .1827 

Arnoldus de Villa Nova. French Physician, Theologian, 

Astrologer, Alchemist 1235 7.1314 

Arnolfe di Lapo. Italian Architect and Sculptor 1232. . 1300 

Arnot, Hugo. Scottish Writer. (History of Edinburgh) . . 1749.. 1786 

Arnoul. Bishop of Lisieux. Writer — . .1184 

Arnould, Sophie. French Actress i74°- • ^°Z 

Arnouit, John Baptist. Jesuit Author. (Le Precepteur). 1689.. 1753 
Arntzenius, John Henry. Jurist and Writer at Utrecht . 1734. . 1797 
Arnu, Nicholas. French Theologian and Philosopher ... . 1629?. 1692 

Arnulph. Emperor of Germany (896-99) — .. 899 

Arnulph, or Ernulph. Bp. of Rochest. ( Textus Roffensis) 1040'. 1 124 
Aromatari, Joseph of. Italian Physician and Naturalist. 1586'. 1660 

Arouet, Francis Mary. See Voltaire » 1694. .1778 

Arpad. Founder of the Hungarian Monarchy 869.. 907 

Arpino, Joseph Caesar, or Josephin de. Italian Painter. . 1560. .1640 

Arreboe, Anders. Danish Bishop and Poet 1587. .1637 

Arredondo, Isidore. Spanish Painter 1654. .1702 

Arriaga, Roderick de. Spanish Jesuit; Philosopher *59 2 - .1667 

Arrian. Greek Historian. (Expedition of Alexander) .. . 90?. 170* 

Arriaza, John Baptist. Spanish Poet 1770. .1837 

Arrivabene, John Peter. Ital. Schol. & Poet. ( Gonzagidos) 1441 . .1504 

Arrowsmith, Aaron. Geographer 1750- .1823 

Arrowsmith, John, d. d. Puritan Divine 1602. . 1659 

Arsaces I. Founder of the Parthian Monarchy fl.3d cb.c. 

Arsaees VI. (or Mithridates I.) fl.2d cb.c. 

Arsinoe. Egyptian Princess fl.4th cb.c. 

Artale, Joseph. Sicilian Soldier and Poet 1628. . 1679 

Artaxerxes I. Longimanus. King of Persia (465-25). . — B.c.425 
Artaxerxes H. Mnemon. (405-362); brother of Cyrus. 453^.0.362 

Artaxerxes HI. Ochus. (362-39) — B.c.339 

Arteaga, Stephen. Spanish Jesuit; Writer in Italian 1745?. 1799 

Artedi, Peter. Swedish Naturalist; friend of Linnaeus. . . 1705 . .1735 

Artemisia, Queen of Caria ; wife of Mausolus — B.C. 350 

Arte veld, James van. Brewer of Ghent — . . 1345 

Arteveld, Philip van, son. Killed at Rosbecq — . . 13^2 

Arthur. British Prince — . . 542* 

Arthur, Duke of Brittany, nephew of King John 1187?. 1203 

Arthur, Prince of Wales, son of Henry VII i486. .1502 

Artigas, Ferdinand Joseph. South American Patriot . . . 1746. . 1826 

Artigni,, Anthony Gachet d'. Writer of Vienna 1706. .1778 

Artois, James John van. Flemish Landscape Painter. . . 1613. .1665 
Arundel, Blanche, Lady. Defender of Wardour Castle . 1583. .1649 
Arundel, Mary, Countess of. Writer fl. 1550? 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 27 

BORN. DIED. 

Arundel, Philip Howard, Earl of. Life edited by the 

Duke of Norfolk, 1857 1557. .1595 

Arundel, Thos. Archbishop of Canterbury (1396-1413) . 1353. .1413 
Arundel, Thos. Howard, Earl of. Collector of Marbles, &c. 1580''. 1646 

Arvieux, Lawrence d'. French Orientalist 1635 . .1702 

Asbury, Francis. American Divine 1745 . .1816 

Ascensius. Printer. See Badius 1462. . 1535 

Ascham, itoger. Instructor of Queen Elizabeth I 5 I 5- -1568 

Ascoli, Cecco di. Francis tie Stabili. Poet and Mathemat. i258 ? .i328 

Ascough, Anne. See Askew 1529. .1546 

Aselli, Caspar. Italian Anatomist. (De Lacteis Venis) . i5Si -: \i626 
Asfeld, James Vincent Bidal d'. Jansenist Theologian. . 1664. .1745 

Asgill, John. Political Writer 1650?. 1738 

Ash, John, ll.d. Anabaptist Divine. {English Diet.) . . 1724.. 1779 

Ash, John, m.d. Analyst of Mineral Waters *7 2 3- -1798 

Ashburnham, John. Poyalist 1604. . 1671 

Ashburton, Alexander Baring, Lord. Statesman 1774- • 1848 

Ashburton, John Dunning, First Lord. Lawyer * . 1731 . .1783 

Ashbury, Joseph. Comedian 1638.. 1720 

Ashby, Sir John. British Admiral — . . 1693 

Ashe, Andrew. Irish Flute-player 1 759. . 1838 

Ashe, Simeon. Nonconformist Minister in Staffordshire . — . . 1662 

Ashley, Robert. Poet and Miscellaneous Writer 1565 . .1641 

Ashley, Lord. Member of the " Cabal." See Cooper .. 1621..1683 
Ashmole, Flias. Antiquary. Founder of Museum. Life 

by self, edited by Burman, 1717 161 7. .1692 

Ashmuu, Jehudi. American Philanthropist " 1794- • !828 

Ashton, Charles. Master of Jesus College ; Critic 1665 . . 1752 

Ashton, Thomas, d.d. Fellow of Eton Coll. Preacher. . 1717. .1775 
Ashwell, George. Divine. Writer on the Three Creeds . 1612..1693 

Ashworth, Caleb, d.d. Baptist Divine 1722. .1775 

Askew, Anne. Martyr 1 529 . . 1546 

Askew, Anthony, m.d. Book Collector 1722. .1774 

Asper, John, or Hans. Swiss Artist *499- .1571 

Aspertino, Guido, of Bologna. Historical Painter 1460?. 1500? 

Aspinwall, William. American Physician 1 743- • 1823 

Asselin, Giles Thomas. French Poet 1682 . .1767 

Asselyn, John. Dutch Landscape Painter 1610. . 1660 

Assemani, Joseph Louis. Orientalist at Rome 1710?. 1782 

Assemani, Joseph Simon. Syrian Orientalist in Italy . . 1687. .1768 

Assemani, Simon. Abbe\ Orientalist at Padua 1752. .1821 

Assemani, Stephen Evode. Orientalist and Missionary. . 1707. .1782 
Asser, John, or Asserius Menevensis. Biog. of King Alfred — .. 909 

Assereto, Joachim, of Genoa. Painter 1600. . 1649 

Assbeton, William, d.d. Divine. Life by Watts 1641 . .1711 

Assouci, Chas. Coypeau, Sieur d'. Ape of Scan-on. Poet 1604?. 1679? 

Ast, George Anthony Fred. Ger. Philol. and Philos 177S. .1841 

Asta, Andrew dell 1 , of Naples. Painter 1683. .1721 

Astbury, J., of Shelton. Potter i68o ? . 1743 

Astell, Mary. Polemical Writer 1668 ? . 1 731 

Astle, Thomas. Archaeologist. ( Origin of Wilting) 1735 • • I 8°3 

Astley, John. Portrait-Painter — . .1787 

Astley, Philip. Founder of Amphitheatre I 74 2 - .1814 

Aston, Sir Arthur. Royalist; Governor of Drogheda .... — . .1649 



28 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Aston, Sir Thomas. Royalist; High Sheriff of Cheshire. . — ..1645 

Astor, John Jacob. American Merchant 1763 . . 1848 

Astorga, Emanuel d'. Italian Musician. (Stabat Mater) 1680. .1701 

Astruc, John. French Medical Writer 1684. .1766 

Astulphus, or Aistulph. King of the Lombards (749-56) — .. 756 

Astyages. Last King of Media (594-59) aft.B.c.559 

Atahualpa. Last Inca of Peru — . .1533 

Atha Melik. Persian Statesman and Historian 1226?. 1283 

Athanaric. King of the Western Goths — . . 381 

Athanasio, Peter. Spanish Historical Painter 1638. . 1688 

Athanasius, St. Bishop of Alexandria (326-73). Life by 

Hermant, 1671; E. Renaudot 296?. 373 

Athelm. Archbishop of Canterbury (914-23) — . . 923 

Athelstan. King of England 895 ? . 941 

Athenaeus. Grammarian. {Banquet of the Learned). ... fl. ab. 200 

Athenagoras. An early Christian Philosopher fl. 2d c. 

Athenais. Wife of Theodosius II. Poetess — . . 460 

Athias, Eman.-ben-Joseph. Learned Printer of Amsterdam — ..1700 
Athlone, W. de R. de Ginkell, E. of. Officer of Wm. III. 1640. .1702 

Atkinson, Thomas. Miscellaneous Writer 1801 . . 1833 

Atkinson, Thomas Witlam. Architect and Traveler .... 1799. . 1861 
Atkyns, Richard. ( Origin and Growth of Printing) .... 1615 . . 1677 
Atkyns, Sir Robert. Baron of the Exchequer and Speaker 

of the House of Commons 1621 . . 1709 

Atkyns, Sir Robert. Writer. ( Gloucester) 1646. .1711 

Atratus, or Black H u gh. English Cardinal. Writer.... fl. 1281? 

Attar, Ferideddin. Persian Poet and Historian 1119. . 1221 

Atterbury, Francis. Bishop Roch. L. by Stackhouse, 1727 1662 . . 1 732 

Atterbury, Lewis, brother. Divine 1657?. 1 731 

Atticus, T. Pomponius. Roman Knight 109 B.c.32 

Attila. King of the Huns. Scourge of God. Life by 

Callimachus, 1491; Calanus, 1502; Buonaccorsi — . . 453 

Attiret, John Denis. Frere Attiret. French Painter .... 1702. .1768 

Atwell, Hugh. Actor — . . 1621 

Atwood, George. Mathematician. (Arches) 1745. .1807 

Atwood, Thomas. Musical Composer , 1767. . 1838 

Aubertin, Edmund. (D Eucharistie de V Ancienne Eglise) 1595. . 1652 
Aubery, Anthony. French Hist. (Hist, of the Cardinals) 1616. .1695 
Aubery, Louis. Sieur de Maurier. (Hist, of Holland) . . — ..1687 
Aubespine, Gabriel de 1'. Fr. Ambass. in Engl.; Writer 1579. .1630 
Aubespine, Magdalen de 1'. Fr. Wit and Beauty; Poet 1546. .1596 
Aubigne, Theodore Agrippa d\ (Histoire Universelle) . . 1550.. 1630 
Aublet, J. Baptist Christopher Fusee. French Botanist. . 1720. .1728 
Aubrey, John. Topog. and Antiq. Life by Britton, 1843 1626. . 1697? 

Aubriet, Claude. French Painter ; . . 1651 . . 1 740 

Aubry de Gouges, Marie Olympie. Republican 1755 • ■ I 793 

Aubusson, Peter d'. Cardinal; Warrior and Statesman 1423.. 1503 

Auchmuty, Sir Samuel. General 1756. . 1822 

Auckland, George Eden, 2nd Baron, 1st Earl. Governor- 
General of India (1835-42) 1 784 .. 1849 

Auckland, William Eden, 1st Baron. Ambass. and Writer 1744. . 1814 
Aude, Joseph. Kt. of Malta. Dramatist. (Life of Buffon) 1755. .1841 

Audebert, Germain. French Poet 1518. . 1598 

Audebert, J. Baptist. French Naturalist and Engraver. 1759. .1800 
Audenaerd, or Gudenaerd, Rob. van. Pa. and Engraver 1663. . 1743 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 29 

BORN. DIED. 

Audifredi, J. Baptist. Italian Astronomer 1714- -1794 

Audifret, J. Baptist. French Geographer 1657. . 1733 

Audiguier, Vital d\ French Adventurer and Romancist. 1569?. 1624 
Audley, James, Lord, k. g. English Warrior in France. . 1312?. 1386 

Audley, Thomas, Lord. Chancellor of England 1488 . .1544 

Audouin, John Victor. French Entomologist 1797- • 1841 

Audouin, Peter. French Engraver 1 768 . . 1822 

Audran, Benoit. Engraver 1661 . .1721 

Audran, Charles. French Painter J594- • 1674 

Audran, Claude, brother or cousin. French Engraver. . . -1592. . 1677 

Audran, Claude. French Painter 1639 . . 1684 

Audran, Claude. Ornamental Designer 1685 . .1734 

Audran, Gerard. French Painter and Engraver 1640. . 1703 

Audran, Germain. Engraver 1631 . . 17 10 

Audran, John. French Painter 1667. .1756 

Audran, Louis. Engraver 1670. .1712 

Audubon, John James. Naturalist. (Birds of America) 1782.. 1851 

Augenio, Horace, de Monte Santo. Medical Writer 1527. . 1603 

Auger, Athanasius. Abbe. Polit. and Classical Writer. 1734. .1792 

Auger, Edmund. French Jesuit I 53°- • I 59 I 

Auger, Louis Simon. French Critic and Journalist 1772. .1829 

Augereau, Peter Francis Charles. Marshal of France. . . 1757. .1816 

Augurello, John Aurelius. Italian Poet 1441?. 1524 

Augusta, Princess. Daughter of George III 1768. . 1840 

Augustine, St. Missionary. Archbishop of Canterbury . — .. 607? 
Augustine, St. Bishop of Hippo (395-430). Life by 
self (Confessions) ; Lancilottus, 1616; Mair, 1681;* 
Rivius, 1646; Godeau, 1646; Friche; Mann, 1809;. 

Kloth, 1840 ; Sintzel, 1845 ; Braune, 1846 354. . 430 

Augustinus, Anthony. Sp. Writer on Law and Medals ... 1517..1586 
Augustulus, Romulus. Last Emp. of Western Rom. Empire fl. 5th c. 
Augustus. Emperor of Rome (b.c. 31-a.d. 14). Life by 
Graeff, 1666 ; Dieterich, 1666 ; Larrey, 1690 ; Lefebvre, 

1760; Rolland, 1825 63B.C.14A.D 

Augustus I. Elector of Saxony 1526. .1586 

Augustus Fred. II. King of Pol. and Elect, of Sax 1670. . 1733 

Augustus Frederick ill. King of Pol. ; Elect, of Sax. . 1696.. 1763 
Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex, son of Geo. III. 1773. .1843 
Aulisio, Dominic. Neapolitan Linguist and Writer.... 1639.. 1717 
Aulus Gellius. Lat. Grammarian. (Nodes Attica) ... . fl. 117?. 180? 
Aumale, Chas. de Lorr., Duke d'. Partis, of the League.. 1554. .1631 

Aumont, Anthony d\ Marshal of France 1601 . . 1669 

Aumont, John d', Ct. of Chateauroux. Marsh, of France 1522. .1595 
Aungerville, Richard. (Philobiblion.) See Angarville. . 1287?. 1345 
Aunoy, or Aulnoy, Mary Cath., Countess of. (Fairy Tales) 1650 . . 1 705 

Aurelian. Roman Emperor (a.d. 270-75) 213?. 275 

Aurelius, Marcus. See Antoninus 121 .. 180 

Aurelius Victor. Latin Historian and Biographer fl.ab.350 

Aurelli, Aurelio, or Arelli, John Mutio. Ital. Latin Poet. fl. 1520 

Auria, Vincent. (History of Eminent Sicilians) 1625 . .1710 

Aurispa, John, of Sicily. Collector of MSS 1369. . 1460 

Aurogallus, Matthew. Philologist at Wittemberg 1480. . 1543 

Aurungzebe. Emperor of Hindostan 1618. .1707 

Ausonius, Decimus Magnus. Roman Poet 3io ? . 390? 

Austen, Jane. Novelist 1775. ,1817 



30 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY 

BOEN. DIED. 

Austen, "William. Metal Founder fl. 15th c. 

Austin, John. R. Cath. Divine. (Christian Moderator). 1613. .1669 

Autelz, Win. des. French Poet 1 5 2 9 ? - 1 576 ? 

Auteroche, John Chappe d'. French Astronomer 1722. .1769 

Automne, Bernard, of Bourdeaux. Jurist 1587 . . 1666 

Auton, John d'. Abbe. Historiographer. (Hist, of France) 1466?. 1527 

Autreau, James d'. French Poet and Painter 1656. .1745 

Auvergne, Anthony d'. French Musical Composer 1713. .1797 

Auvergne, Latour d'. Soldier and Sch. See Latour.. 1743.. 1800 
Auvigny, J. du Castre d'. (Lives of J 11. Men of France) 1712. .1743 

Auxentius, Bishop of Milan. Arian Divine 3io ? . 374 

Auzout, Adrian. French Mathematician — 1691 or 3 

Avalos, Ferd. Francis d'. Neapolitan Soldier. (Dialogue on 

Love) 1489. .1525 

Avantio, John Marion. Civilian and Writer at Padua. . 1564. .1622 
Avaux, Claude de Mesmes, Ct. d\ Diplom. and Scholar 1595.. 1650 
Aved, James Andrew Joseph. French Portrait-Painter. . 1702.. 1766 

Avellino, Julius. Italian Landscape-Painter 1645 '■ . 1700 

Aventine, John Thiirmayer. (Annalts Boiorum) 1466. .1534 

Averani, Benedict. Florentine Writer and Poet 1645. .1707 

Averani, Jos. Mathematician and Natural Philosopher.. 1662. .1738 
Averdy, Clement Chas. de 1\ Fr. Statesm. and Writer. . 1723*. 1793 
Averroes, or Ibn Roschid. Arabian Philos. and Phys. . . 1149?. 1 198 

Avesbury, Robert of. Historian — . .1356? 

Avicenna. Mahometan Physician and Philosopher 980.. 1037 

Avienus, Rufus Festus. Latin Poet fl. 370? 

Avila, Giles Gonzales. Spanish Divine and Historian. . . 1577'. 1658 

Aviler, Augustine Charles d'. French Architect 1653 . .1700 

Avison, Chas., of Newcastle. Mus. Composer and "Writer 1710?. 1770 

Avitus. Roman Emperor of the West (455-56) — . . 456 

Avogadro, Peter, of Brescia. Historical Painter fl. 1730' 

Avrigny, Chas. Joseph Laeillard d'. French Poet 1670. .1823 

Avrigny, Hyacinth Robillard d'. French Historian 1675 . .1719 

Axel. Abp. of Lund. Danish Minister and General. . . . 1128. .1201 
Axtel, Daniel. Parliamentarian Colonel. Executed.... — ..1660 
Ayala, Balth. Flem. Lawyer. (De Jure etOfficiis Bellicis) 1548'. 1584 

Ayala, Peter Lopez d\ Spanish Chronicler 133 2 - ■ 1407 

Ayesha. Wife of Mahomet 611. 677-8 

Aylesbury, Sir Thos. Math, and Patron of Learning. . . 1576. .1657 
Aylmer, John. Bp. of London. Life by Strype, 1704. . . 15 21 . .1594 

Ayloffe, Sir Joseph. Antiquary 1708'. 1781 

Aylward, Theodore. Musical Composer — . .1801 

Aymar, James. French Professor of Divination — . . 1662 

Ayrer, Jacob. German Dramatic Writer — . . 1605 

Ayres, John. English Penman — . . 1 705 ? 

Ayrton, Edmund. Composer of Cathedral Music 1734- .1808 

Ayseough, Geo. Edw. Trav. and Dramatist. (Semiramis) — --1779 
Ayscough, Rev. Sam. Writer. (Index to Shakespeare). 1745. -1804 

Ayscue, or Ayscough, Sir George. Admiral — aft.1672 

Ayton, or Aytoun, Sir Robert. Scottish Poet 157°. . 1638 

Aytoun, Wm. E. Scottish Professor, Essayist, and Poet 1813. .1865 

Azara, Felix d'. Spanish Naturalist and Traveler 1746. .1811 

Azara, Joseph Nicholas d T . Spanish Statesm. and Writ. 1731..1804 
Azevedo, Ignatius. Portug. Missionary to West Indies. 1527. .11570 
Azorius, John. Spanish Jesuit. (Institut. Moralium). .. 1533. .1603 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 31 



BORN 



Azpilcueta, Martin. Navarre. Spanish Lawyer 1494 

Azuni, Dominic Albert. (Droit Maritime del Europe).. 1749 
Azzi ne' Forti, Faustina. Eurinomia. Italian Poetess. . 1650 

Azzo, or Azo, Fortius. Italian Lawyer — 

Azzoguidi, Valerius Felix. Antiquary, of Bologna 1651 

Azzolini, Decius. Cardinal. {Political Aphorisms) 1623 

Azzolini, Lawrence. Bishop of N ami. Satirist — 



DIED. 
.1586 
.1827 
.1724 
.1200 
.1728 
.1689 
.1632 



32 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

B. 



BOBN. DIED. 



Baader, Ferdinand Mary. Medical Writer 1747- • : 

Baan, James de. Portrait-Painter 1673 . 

Baan, John de. Dutch Portrait-Painter 1633. 

Baarsdorp, Cornelius. (Methodus Universes Artis Medicos) — . 

Baba, Ali. Founder of Algerine Independence — . 

Baber, or Babur. Emperor of Hindostan. Life by self, tr. 

by Levden and Erskine, 1826; R. M. Caldecott, 1845 1483. .: 
Babeuf, Francis. Noel Revolutionist. ( Tribune of People) 1764. 

Babin, Francis. French Theologian and Canonist 165 1 . . : 

Babington, Anthony. Conspirator — 

Babington, Gervase. Bishop of "Worcester 1550?.: 

Babington, ffm., m.d. Philos. Life by Rd. Bright, m.d. 1756. 

Babini, Matthew. Italian Vocalist 1754- 

Babo, Joseph Maria. German Professor and Dramatist . 1756. 

Babylas. Bishop of Antioch (238-51). Martyr — . 

Bacai, Ibrahim Ben-omar. Mussulman Writer — . 

Baccalar y Sanna, Vincent, Marquis of St. Philip. Soldier 

and Statesman i66o ; 

Bacchanelli, John. Medical Writer of Rheggio fl. 1560? 

Bacchini, Benedict, of Modena. Universal Scholar 1651. 

Bacciochi, Madame, Princess Piombino. See Bonaparte 1777. 

Baccio d'Agnolo. Florentine Architect 1460. 

Baccio della Porta. Fra Bartolomeo. Italian Painter. 1469. 

Baccius, Andrew. Italian Medical Writer fl. 1567-1 

Bach, Charles Philip Emanuel. Life by self 1714- 

Bach., John Sebastian. Musician. Life by Forkel, 1802 ; 

Grosser, 1829 ; Helgenfeldt, 1850 1685 . . 

Bachaumont, Francis le Coigneux de. Fr. Lawyer and Po. 1624. . 
Bachaumont, Louis Petit de. Fr. Writ. (Me'moires Secrets) — .. 

Bachelier, John James. French Painter •. . . . 1724. . 

Bachelier, Nicholas, of Toulouse. Sculptor — aft. 

Bachmeister, H. L. C. Miscellaneous Writer 1736. . 

Bachovius, Reinier. German Protestant Civilian J 544- • 

Baciccio, J. Baptist Gauli. Italian Painter ^39- • 

Backer, or Bakkar, James. Dutch Historical Painter. . . 1530.. 
Backer, James.. Dutch Portrait and Historical Painter . . 1609.. 

Backhouse, William. Astrologer and Alchemist l S93- • 

Backhuysen, Ludolph. Dutch Painter 163 1 . . 

Bacon, Anne, Lady. Scholar and Writer 1528. . 1 

Bacon, Francis, Viscount St. Alban's. Life by Rawlev; 
David Mallet, 1740; Basil Montagu, 1834; Lord 
Campbell; J. Sortain ; Macaulay ; W. H. Dixon; Mac- 

vey Napier, 1853 ; Ellis, &c, 1861 1561 . . 1626 

Bacon, or Baconthorpe, John. The Resolute Doctor — . . 1346 

Bacon, John. Sculptor. Life by Rev. Richard Cecil 1740.. 1799 

Bacon, Sir Nathaniel. Landscape-Painter — . . 16 15 

Bacon, Sir Nicholas. Lord Keeper 1510. .1579 

Bacon, Phanuel. d. d. Divine and Poet. {Artificial Kite) — ..1783 
Bacon, Robert. Divine. {Life of Archbishop &t. Edmund) 1 168 ? . 1248 
Bacon, Roger. Friar. ( Opus Majus) 1214. . 1292? 



797 
700 
702 

5 6 £ 
718 

53° 
797 
734 
586 
610 

833 
816 
822 
251 
480 

726 



721 
820 

543 
5i7 
600 



750 
702 
771 
805 

553 
806 
614 
709 
560 
641 
662 
709 
600 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 33 

BORN. DIED. 

Bacsanyi, Janos. Hungarian Poet and Writer 1763. .1845 

Badalocchio, Sisto-Rosa. Italian Painter and Engraver 1 581. .1647 

Badcock, Samuel. Polemical Writer 1747- .1788 

Baddeley, Robert. Comedian — . . 1794 

Baddeley, Sophia. Actress 1745 • • I 8° I 

Baden, or Badens, Francis. Dutch Hist, and Portr. Painter 1571 . . 1603 

Badia, Thomas. Cardinal J 433- • I 547 

Badia y Leblich, Domingo. Ali Bey. Traveler and 

Projector. See Ali Bey 1766. .1818 

Badile, John Anthony. Italian Portrait-Painter .... 1480. .1560 

Badius, Conrad. Scholar and Printer 1510. .1568? 

Badius, Josse. Asctnsi/ts. Scholar and Printer 1462. .153*5 

Badoara, Daniel, of Venice. Senator — . .1584 

Badoara, Frederick, of Venice. Statesman 15 18. .1595 

Badoara, Lauro, of Venice. Poet I54 6 - • I 593 

Badoara, Peter, of Venice. Advocate — . . 159 1 

Baduel, Claude. French Protestant Divine — . .1561 

Baeli, Francis. Sicilian Mathematician and Poet 1639. .1710? 

Baerstraet, — . Dutch Painter — . . 1687 

Baert, A. B. F. de Paul, Baron de. Fr. Senator and Author 1750. . 1825 

Baffin, William. Navigator 1584?. 1622 

Bagard, Charles. French Medical Writer 1696. .1772 

Bage, Robert. Novelist 1728. .1801 

Bagford, John. Antiquary and Book Collector. 1675 . . 1 716 

Bagger, John. Bishop of Copenhagen. Danish Writer. 1646. .1693 

Baggesen, Jens, or Immanuel. Danish Poet tJ&A- .1826 

Bagieu, James. French Army Surgeon fl. 1750? 

Baglione, John. Italian Painter. (Lives of Painters) .. 1573?. 1644? 
Baglivi, George. Italian Physician. (Praxis Modica). . 1669. .1707 
Bagnion, Julius Caesar. Ital. Poet. (Judgment of Paris) — ..1630? 
Bagot, Louis. Bp. St. Asaph. (Sermons on the Prophecies) 1740. .1802 
Bagration, Peter I vanovitch, Prince. Russian General. . 1765.. 1812 

Bagshaw, Edward. Civilian and Political Writer — ..1662 

Bagshaw, Wm. Ejected Nonconf. Life by Ashe, 1704. 1628. .1702 
Bahrdt, Charles Fred. Theologian and Satiric Writer . . 1741. .1792 

Baian, or Baion, Andrew. Indo-Portuguese Poet fl. 17th c. 

Baier, John James. German Physician and Botanist . . . 1677. .1735 
Baier, John Wm. The Old. Ger. Div. ( Compend.ofTheol.) 1647. .1694 

Baif, Lazarus de. French Poet and Scholar — . .1547 

Baikie, Dr. African Explorer ". — . . 1S64 

Bail, Lewis. French Divine. (Sapienlia forts prcedicans). — ..1669 

Bailey, Nathaniel. (English Dictionary) — . .174-2 

Bailey, Peter. Humorous Poet — . . 1823 

Bailey, or Baley, Walter. Medical Writer 1529. • 159 2 

Baillet, Adrian. French Critic. (Jugemens des Savants) . 1649.. 1706 

Baillie, George, of Jerviswood — . .1738 

Baillie, Miss Joanna. Dramatic Writer 1762 . . 1831 

Baillie, John, m. p., Colonel. Indian Administrator and 

Persian Scholar 1772. -1833 

Baillie, Matthew, M. d. Anatomist and Physiologist. ... 1761 . . 1823 
Baillie, Robert. Principal, of Glasgow. Covenanter. 

(Letters and Journals.) Life by D. Laing, 1841 *599- • l ^ 2 

Baillie, Robert, of Jerviswood — . . 1684 

Baillie, Roche le. La Riviere. Fr. Phys. and Astrologer — ..1605 
3 



34 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORX. DIED. 

Baillou, William de. French Medical Writer 1538- • 1616 

Bailly, David. Dutch Painter 1 584 . . 1638 

Bailly, Edmund Louis Barthelemy. French Politician. . 1760..1819 

Bailly, James. French Painter 1629 . . 1679 

Bailly, John Sylvanus. Astronomer. Mayor of Paris; 

guillotined 1 736 . . 1 793 

Badly, Francis. Eng. Astron. Disc, of Bully's Beads.. 1774.. 1844 

Bambridge, John, m. d. Astronomer 1582. .1643 

Bainbridge, William. American Commodore *774- • 1833 

Bainbrigge, Christopher. Cardinal. Abp. York. Envoy — . .1514 
Baines, Edward. Historical Writer. {Leeds Mercury.) 

• Life by E. Baines, 1851 1774. .1848 

Baini, Joseph. Italian Musician 1775 . . 1844 

Baird, General Sir David. Life by T. Hook 1757 . .1829 

Baird, Robert. American Divine "and Author 1798. . 1863 

Bairuth., Margravine of. See Bareith. (Memoirs) i7°9- -1758 

Baius, or DeiJav, Michael, of Louvain. Theologian .... 1513. .1589 

Bajazet I. Sultan of the Turks (1389-1403) 1347. . 1403 

BajazetH. Sultan of Turks (1481-1512) 1447.. 15 12 

Baker, David. English Benedictine 1575 . . 1641 

Baker, David Erskine. (Blographia Dramatica) — . .1770' 

Baker, Edward D. American Soldier and Statesman . . . 181 1. .1861 

Baker, Sir George, m. d. Antiquary 1722. . 1809 

Baker, Henry. Naturalist. Founder of Bakerian Oration 1698. .1774 

Baker, John. Admiral — . . 1 716 

Baker, Sir Richard. Historian 1568?. 1645 

Baker, Thomas. Mathem. and Divine. (Geometrical Key) 1625.. 1690 
Baker, Rev. Thos. Divine and Antiq. L. by Hor. Walpole 1656. .1740 
Bakewell, Robert. Agriculturist and Cattle-Breeder. . . . 1726.. 1795 
Bakhuysen, Ludolph. Painter and Engrav. of Embden. 1631. .1709 

Baki, or Abd-al-Baki. Ottoman Lyric Poet — . . . 1600 

Bakker, Peter Huysinga. Dutch Poet 1715-. 1801 

Balassi, Mario. Florentine Painter 1604. . 1667 

Balbi, Adrian. Venetian Geographer 1 782 . . 1848 

Balbi, Gaspar. Oriental Traveler fl. 15 79-88 

Balbi, John. Genoese Dominican. ( Catholicon) 11.13th c. 

Balbinus. Roman Emperor (238) — . . 238 

Balbis, John Baptist. Italian Botanist 1765 . . 1831 

Balbo, Caesar. Italian Statesman and Author J 789- . 1853 

Balbo, Jerome. Bishop of Goritz. (De Rebus Turcicis). — . . 1535 

Balboa, Vasco Nunez de. Spanish Adventurer 1475 . . 1517 

Balbuena, Bernardo de. Spanish Poet 1568 . . 1627 

Balcanqual, Walter. Scottish Divine — . . 1642 

Balearres, Colin. Earl of. (Historical Memoirs) 1649. .1722 

Balchen, John. English Admiral 1660. .1744' 

Balde, James. German Latin Poet. (Sylvce) . . . , 1603. .1668 

Balde de CTbaldis, Peter. Italian Lawver and Writer. . 1324. .1400 
Balderic. Bp. of Noyon. Le Rouge. ( Cfiron. de Cambray) — ..1097 
Balderic, or Baudrv\ Bp. of Dol. Historian of Crusades — ..1130 
Baldi, Bernardine. "Italian Mathematician, Poet, and Phi- 
lologist. (Lives of Mathematicians ; La Nautica) 1553. .1617 

Baldi, Lazarus. Tuscan Historical Painter 1623-4. .1703 

Baldinger, Ernest Godfrey. German Medical Writer ... 1738. .1804 
Baldini, Baccio. Florentine Engraver . .' fl. 15th c. 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 



35 



BORN 

Baldini, John Anthony. Italian Statesman 1654 

Baldinucci, Philip. Florentine Artist 1624 

Baldock, Ralph de. Bp. London. {Hist. British Affairs) — 

Baldovini, Francis. Italian Poet 1635 

Balducci, Francis. Italian Anacreontic Poet — 

Baiduceio, John. Cosci. Florentine Painter — 

Baldung, John. Hans Griin. Ger. Painter and Engraver 1470 

Baldwin, Archbishop of Canterbury (1184-90) — 

Baldwin I. Emperor of East. Count of Flanders n 71 

Baldwin II. Emperor of East (1228-61) 121 7 

Baldwin I. King of Jerusalem (1100-18) — 

Baldwin II. (1118-31) — 

Baldwin III. (1143-63). . .» 1130 

Baldwin IV. (1174) 1160 

Baldwin, Roger S. American Jurist and Statesman. . . . 1793 
Baldwin, Win. Schoolm. and Div. {Mirror for Mag.) — 
Bale, John, Bishop of Ossory. ( Writers of Great Britain). 1495 
Bale, Robt. Carmelite at Norw. ( Annates Ordinis Carmelit.) — 

Balechou, John James. French Engraver 171 5 

Balen, Henry van. Dutch Historical and Portrait Painter 1560 

Balen, John van, son. Painter 161 1 

Bales, Peter. Penman 1 547 

Balestra, Anthony. Historical Painter 1666 

Baley, Walter. Medical Writer 1529 

Balfour, Alex. Novelist and Misc. Writ. ( Highland Mary) 1767 

Balfour, Sir James. Scottish Judge — 

Balfour, Sir James. Antiquary. Life by Haig, 1825 — 

Balfour, James, of Pilrig. Advocate 1703 

Balguy, Rev. John. Bangorian Controversialist .". 1686 

Balguy, Thos., son. Archdeacon. {Divine Benevolence) 1716 

Baliol, Edward — 

Baliol, Sir John de. Founder of Baliol College, Oxford. — 

Baliol, John, son. King of Scotland 1259 

Ball, Sir Alexander. Rear-Admiral — 

Ball, John. Puritan Divine. ( Treatise on Faith). ...... 1585 

Ball, Thomas. Puritan Divine — 

Ballantyne, James, of Edinburgh. Printer and Journalist - 

Ballantyne, John, brother. Printer 1776 

Ballantyne, Dr. J. R., of Benares. Orientalist — 

Ballard, George. Biographer and Antiquary — 

Ballard, Samuel James. Admiral — 

Ballard, Volant Vashon. Admiral 1774 

Ballenden, or Bellendeu, Sir John. Scot. Poet and Hist. . — 

Ballexserd, James. Medical Writer at Geneva 1726 

Ballin, Claude. French Goldsmith 161 5 

Ballois, Louis Joseph Philip. Statistical Writer 1778 

Ballou, Hosea. Amer. Univers. Clergyman and Author . 1771 

Balmerino, Arthur Elphinstone, Lord. Beheaded 1688 

Balrnez, James Lucia. Spanish Polit., Theol., Philos. . . . 1810 
Balnaves, Henry. Scottish Poet and Calvinistic Divine. 1520 
Balsharn, Hugh de. Bp. Ely. Found. Pet. Coll. Camb. — 
Balthasar, Christopher. French Protestant Theologian . . 1588 
Baltimore, Geo. Calvert, 1st Ld. Founder of Maryland. 1582 
Baltus, John Francis. Jesuit of Metz. Writer 1667 



DIED. 

725 
696 

3L3 
716 
642 
600 

545 ? 
190 
206 
[273 
118 • 

131 
163 
186 
[863 
56 4 ? 
563 
5°3 
765 
[632 

[610? 

72Q? 

592 

829 

583 
657 

795 
748 

795 
363 
269 

3H 

659 
640 
659 

833 
821 
864 

755 
829 
832 
55° 
774 
678 
803 
852 
746 
848 

579 

286 

670? 

632 

743 



36 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Baltzar, Thomas, of Lubeck. Violinist in England — ..1663 

Balue, John. Cardinal. Intriguer 1420?. 1491 

Baluze, Stephen. Historical Writer 1630. .1718 

Balzac, Honore" de. Novelist 1799.. 1850 

Balzac, John Louis Guez de. "Writer. {Letters) 1594.. 1654 

Bamboeci, Anthony. Pa., Archit., Sculpt., Brass-founder 1368'. 1435 

Bamboccio, or Bamboche. See Peter van Laer 1613 . 1673 or 5 

Bambridge, or Bainbrigge, Christoph. Cardl. Abp. Yk. . — . . 1514 
Bamfield, Francis. Ejected Nonconf. (House of Wisdom) — ..1684 
Bampton, Rev. J. Founder of the Bampton Lecture. 
•Bancal des Issarts, John Henry. French Revolutionist. 1750. .1826 

Banck, Laurence. Swedish Civilian — . . 1662 

Banck, Peter van der. Engraver in England ^49 . . 1697 

Bancroft, John. Master of Univ. College ; Bp. Oxford.. 1574. .1640 
Bancroft, Richard. \Arehbp. of Canterbury (1604-10). . . 1544. .1610 

Bandarra, Gonzales. Portuguese Poet — . .1556 

Bandello, Matthew. Italian Novelist and Poet 1480. .1562 

Bandiera, Attilio andEmilio. Venetian Revolutionists 1817&19. . 1844 

Bandinelli, Baccio. Sculptor. Life by Vasari 1487. -1559 

Bandini, Angelo Maria. Antiquary and Bibliographer. . 1726.. 1800 

Banduri, Anselm. (Antiquities of Constantinojne) 1671. .1743 

Bane, or Benn, Jas. Bp. of St. Andrews. Ld. Chamberlain — . . 1332 
Baner, Banier, or Bannier, John von. Swedish General. 1595. .1641 

Banes, Dominic. See Bannes 1527 . . 1604 

Bangius, Peter. Swedish Div. (Ecdes. Hist, of Sweden) . 1633.. 1696 
Bangius, Thomas. Danish Divine. (Hebrew Lexicon). . 1600. .1661 

Banier, Anthony. French Writer 1673. • I 74 I 

Banim, John. Irish Novelist 1800 . . 1842 

Banister, John. Physician and Surgical Writer i553 ? .i63o ? 

Banister, John. Violinist 1630?. 1676 

Banister, John. Botanist — . . 1689 

Bankert, Adrian. Dutch Admiral — . . 1684 

Bankert, Joseph van Trappen. Dutch Admiral — . . 1646? 

Bankes, Henry, m. p. ( Constitutional History of Greece). . 1757. .1834 

Bankes, Sir John. Lord Chief Justice !589. 1644 

Banks, John. Dramatist. (The Unhappy Favorite). .. . 6.1700- 
Banks, John. Bookseller. ( Crit. Rev. of L. of Cromwell). 1709. .1751 
Banks, Sir Joseph. Naturalist. Pres. Royal Society. . . 1743. -1820 

Banks, Thomas. Sculptor 1735 • • I ^°5 

Banks, Thomas Christopher. Genealogist 1764. .1854 

Bannatyne, George. Antiquary 1545 bef.1608 

Bannatyne, Sir William. Scottish Judge and Writer. . . 1743. -^34 
Bannes, Dominic. Span. Writ, on Arist. and the Fathers. 1527. .1604 
Bannier, or Banier, John. Gen. under Gustav. Adolph. . 1595.. 1641 
Bannister, John. Comedian. L. by J. Adolphus, 1839. 1760. .1836 

Banti, Brigida Georgi. Italian Singer !757- • J 8o6 

Baptist, John Bapt. Monnoyer. Pa. of Fruit and Flowers. 1635. .1699 
Baptist, John Gaspar. Pa. of Drapery and Background . — ..1691 
Baptistin, John Bapt. Stuck. Ital. Musical Composer. . . 1677?. 1755 
Baradeeus. Jacob Zanzalus. Bp. of Edessa. See Jacob. — .. 578 

Baraguay d'Hilliers, Louis. French General 1764. . 181 2 

Baranzano, Redemptus. Mathematician. ( Uraiwscopia) . 1590.. 1622 
Baratier, John Philip. Ger. Scholar. Life by Formey . 1 721.. 1740 
Baxba, Alvarez Alonzo. ( Treatise on Metallurgy) fl. 1620 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 



37 



BORN. DIED 

Barbacena, F. C. Brant, Mqs. of. Brazilian Soldier and 

Statesm i77 2 

Barbadillo, Alphonso Jerome de Salas. Span. Dramat. .1580 

Barbarelli. See Giorgione. Venetian Painter 1477 

Barbarini, Francis. Italian Poet. {Precepts of Love) ... 1264 
Barbaro, Dan. Coadj. Patr. of Aquileia. ( On Eloquence) 15 13 
Barbaro, Francis. Venetian Orator. (De Be Uxoria). 1398 
Barbaro, Hermolaos. Bp. of Verona. Schol. ; tr. of iEsop 1410 
Barbaro, Hermolaos, of Venice. Patriarch of Aquileia. 

Scholar ; translator of Aristotle 1454 

Barbarossa. See Frederick I. Emperor 11 21 

Barbarossa, Heyradin. Corsair King of Algiers 1467 

Barbarossa, Horuch. Corsair King of Algiers 1475 

Barbarous, Chas. Fr. Scientific Writer and Politician. . 1767 

Barbatelli, Bernardino. Poccetti. Italian Painter 1542 

Barbauld, Mrs. Anna Lsetit. "Writ. L. by Lucy Aikin, 1825 1743 
Barbazan, Armand William. Le Chevalier sans Beproche — 
Barbazan, Stephen. Fr. Writer. (A Father's Instructions) 1696 

Barbe. Queen of Poland. Esther ■ 

Barbe-Marbois, Francis de, Ct. and Mqs. Fr. Statesm 
Barbe Radziwil. Qu. of Poland, wife of Sigism. August. 

Barbeau de la Bruyere, John Louis. (Hist. Map) 

Barbe^ du Bourg, James. Fr. Physician and Botanist. . 

Barber, John. Civilian ; friend of Cranmer ■ 

Barberini, Anthony. Cardinal, Archbishop of Reims. 

Negotiator and Ambassador 1608 

Barberini, or Barbarini, Francis. Italian Poet 1264 

Barberini. See Urban VIII 1568 

Barbeyrac, Charles. Fr. Phys. ( Qimstiones Medico?) .. . 1629 
Barbeyrae, John. Fr. Historical and Juridical Writer. . 1674 

Barbi6 d'Aucourt, John. Anti-Jesuit Writer 1641 

Barbi6 du Bocage, Alex. Francis. (Diet, of Bibl. Geog.) 1798 
Barbie du Bocage, John Denis. French Geographer. . . 1760 
Barbier, Anthony Alexander. French Writer. (Diction- 
ary of Anonymous and Pseudonymous Works) 1765 . . 1825 

Barbier, Charles. French Philanthropist — ab.1830 



1745 

1710 
1709 



Barbieri, Gianfrancesco. Guercino da Cento. Painter... 1590 
Barbieri, Paul Anthony, brother. Painter of Still Life. . 1596 
Barbosa, Arias, or Ayres. Port. Schol. ; Reviver of Learn. — 

Barbosa, Augustine. Canonist 1590 

Barbosa, Emanuel. Portuguese Lawyer 1548 

Barbosa, Peter. Portuguese Lawyer — 

Barbou, John Joseph. Printer at Paris — 

Barbou, Joseph, brother. Printer at Paris — 

Barbou, Joseph Gerard, neph. Classical Printer at Paris. 171 5 

Barbour, James. American Statesman 1775 

Barbour, John. Scottish Poet and Historian 1316 

Barchusen, or Rarkhausen, John Conrad. Phys. & Chem. 1666 
Barclay, Alexander. Writer; translator of Ship of Fools. — 

Barclay de Tolly, Michael. Russian General 1755 

Barclay, John. Writer. (Argents.) L. by Ld. Hailes, 178G 1582 
Barclay, John. Scot. Div. (Descrip. of the B. C. Church) 1645 
Barclay, John. Scott Div. Found, of Bereans. or Barclayans 1734 
Barclay, Robert. Quaker Writer. (Apology) 1648 



.1842 
.1630 
.1511 
.1348 
.1570 

•1454 
.1471 

.1495 
.1190 

•1547 
.1518 
.1794 
.1612 
.1825 
.1432 
.1770 
.1525 

.1837 
.1551 
.1781 
.1779 
•1549 

.1671 
.1348 
.1644 
.1699 
.1744 
.1694 

•1835 
.1825 



1666 
.1640 

•1530 
.1638 
.1649 
.1606 
.1752 

• 1737 
.1813 
.1825 

■ I 39S ? 
.1723 

• I5 , 5 o 
.1818 

.1621 

.1710 

.1798 

.1690 



38 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Barclay, Wm. Scottish Civilian in France. {De Regno) 1546. .1605 

Bar-Cokeba. Jewish Impostor — . . 134 

Barcos, Martin de. Writer in the Jansenist Controversy. 1600. .1678 

Bardesanos, of Edessa. Heresiarch fl. 172? 

Bardet, Peter. French Advocate. {Recueil d 1 Arrets). . 1 591 . .1685 

Bardin, Peter. (Le Grand Chambellan de France) 1590. .1637 

Bardney, Rd. English Benedictine. {Life of Grosteste). : — ••1504 

Barebone, Praise-God — . . 1680 

Bareith, Frederica Sophia Wilhelmina, Margravine of. . . 1709. .1758 
Barents, Dietrich. Dutch Hist, and Portrait Painter. . . . 1534. .1582 

Barentz, William. Dutch Navigator fl. 16th c. 

Barere de Vieuzac, Bertrand. Revolutionist. Life by 

Carot and David, 1842 1755. .1841 

Baretti, Joseph. Italian Writer, (llal. and Eng. Diet.). 1 716.. 1789 

Bargagli, Scipione. Tuscan Writer — . . 161 2 

Bar-grave, Isaac. Dean of Canterbury ; Royal Chaplain . 1586.. 1643 

Barham, Rev. Richard Harris. {Ingoklsby 'Legends) 1788. . 1845 

Barillon, Hen. de. Bp. Lucon. L.'by C. F. Dubos, 1700 1639. .1699 

Barker, Benjamin, of Bath. Painter' 1776?. 1838 

Barker, Edmund Henry. Philologist 1788. .1839 

Barker, George, of Birmingham. Projector i776 ? .i845 

Barker, John. Consul-General in Egypt. Pomologist . . . — ..1850 
Barker, Matthew Henry. The Old Sailor. Naval Novelist 1790,. 1846 

Barker, Robert. Painter and Panoramist *739- .1806 

Barker, Thomas, of Bath. Artist. ( Woodman) 1769. .1847 

Barkham, or Barcham, John. Divine and Antiquary. . . . 1572?. 1642 
Barksdale, Rev. Clem. Biographer. (Monum. Literaria) 1609. .1688 

Barlaam. Italian Ecclesiastic and Greek Scholar — . . 1348? 

Barlseus, Gaspar. Dutch Latin Poet. (Paradisius) 1584. .1648 

Barlseus, Lambert. Scholar and Annotator at Leyden.. . 1595 . . 1655 
Barland, Adrian. Dutch Critic and Historical Writer. . . 1488?. 1542 

Barletta, Gabriel. Dominican Preacher 1400?. — 

Barlow, Francis. Painter of Animals 1626. .1702 

Barlow, Joel. Amer. Statesm. & Poet. L. by Oelsner, 1813 1755?. 1812 

Barlow, Peter, of Woolwich. Mathematician 1776. . 1862 

Barlow, Thomas. Bishop of Lincoln 1607. .1691 

Barlowe, Wm. Bp. of Chichester. Protestant Exile. . . — . .1569 

Barlowe, William. Archdeacon. Nat. Philosopher — ..1625 

Barnard, Sir Andrew Francis. British General 1773- • 1855 

Barnard, Anne, Lady. Ballad Poet. {Aidd Rubin Gray) 1705. .1825 

Barnard, John, d. d." Divine. {Life of Heylin) — . . 1683 

Barnard, Sir John, m. p. Lord Mayor and Statesman. . . 1685 . .1764 

Barnaud, Nicholas. French Alchemist fl. 16th c. 

Barnave, Anthony Peter Joseph. French Statesman 1761 . . 1793 

Barner, James. Chemical Philos. ( Chymia Philosophica) 1641 . . 1686 

Barnes, Barnaby. Poet 156V aft.1607 

Barnes, Daniel *H. American Conchologist — . . 1818 

Barnes, Joshua. Critic and Historian. {Edward III.). . 1654^.1712 
Barnes, or Berners, Juliana. Prioress of Sopewell. Writer — aft. 1485 
Barnes, Robert. Chapl. to Henry VIII. Protest. Martyr. — ..1540 

Barnes, Thomas. Editor of Times 1786. . 1841 

Barnet, Curtis. Commodore — . . 1 746 

Barneveldt, Jon van Olden. Dutch Statesman 1547?. 1619 

Barney, Joshua. American Naval Commander 1759. .1818 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 39 

BORN. DIED. 

Baro, or Baron, Peter. Fr. Prot. Prof, of Di v. at Cambridge i534 ? .i599 
Baroccio, Baroche, or Barroccio, Fred. Italian Painter. . 1528. .1612 
Baroccio, or Barozzi, da Vignola, James. Ital. Architect 1507. .1573 
Baron, Bonaventure. Irish Franciscan Writ. ( Theologia) — . . 1696 

Baron, Michael. French Actor 1653.. 1729 

Baroni, Leonora. Italian Singer and Poet fl. 17th c. 

Baronius, Caesar. Cardinal. ( Ecclesiastical Annals.) Life 

607 

573 
809 
772 
829 
802 
764 
738 

793 
829 

673 
841 

755 
784 
821' 
789 
800 



by Barnabaeus, 1651 1538. 

Barozzi, James. See Baroccio. Architect 1507. 

Barraband, Peter Paul. French Painter of Birds 1767 . 

Barral, Peter. French Abbe\ (Diet, cles Homines Celebres) — . 

B arras, Paul John Francis Nicholas. Fr. Revolutionist. 1755. 

Barr6, Col. Isaac. Life by Britton, in Authorship of Junius 1726. 

Barre, Joseph, of Paris. {History of Germany) 1692? 

Barre, Louis Francis Joseph de la. Fr. Historical Writer 1688. 

Barre, Madame du. See Dubarry J 746. 

Barre, Wm. Vincent. Fr. Writer. (Hist, of First Consulate) — . 

Barrelier, James. French Botanist 1606. 

Barrere de Vieuzac. See Barere de Vieuzac 1755 . 

Barrere, Peter. French Physician and Naturalist 1690? 

Barrett, George. Landscape Painter i73 2? 

Barrett, John, D. D. Orient. (Origin of Constellations). . — . 

Barrett, Win., of Bristol. Frd. ofChatterton. (Hist, of Bristol) — . 

Barrington, Hon. Daines. Writer. (Miscellanies) i7 2 7- 

Barrington, John Shute, First Viscount. Writer. (Mis- 
cellanea Sacra.) Life by Shute Barrington 1678. 

Barrington, Samuel. Admiral 1 729 . 

Barrington, Hon. Shute. Bishop of Durham (1791-1826) 1734. 

Barrington, William Wildman, Viscount. Statesman.. 1710. 

Barroccio, or Baroccio, Frederick. Italian Painter 1528. 

Barros, John de. The Portuguese Livy. Historian. (Asia) 1496. 

Barrow, Isaac, d. d. Theologian and Mathematician. .. . 1630. 

Barrow, Sir John. Biographer. Life by himself 1764. 

Barruel Beauvert, Anthony Joseph, Ct. de. Fr. Writer 1756. 

Barruel, Augustine. French Writer 1741 . 

Barry, Sir Charles. Architect of Houses of Parliament . . 1795. 

Barry, Countess du. See Dubarry 1746. 

Barry, Sir David. Physician and Physiologist 1780. 

Barry, Elizabeth. Actress 1658. 

Barry, George, d. d. Scot. Div. (History of the Orkneys) 1748? 

Barry, Girald. Giraldus Cambrensis. Historian H47- 

Barry, James, Lord Santry. Irish Judge. ( Tenures). . . 1598. 

Barry, James. Painter. L. Pref. to Works, 4to, 2 vols. 1809 1 741 . 

Barry, John. American Naval Commander 1745 • 

Barry, Martin. Physiologist 1802. 

Barry, Spranger. Actor 1719. 

Bartas, William Sallust du. French Poet *544- 

Barth, or Bart, John. French Commodore 1651 . 

Barthe, Nicholas Thomas. French Writer *737. 

Barthelemon, Francis Hippolite. Composer and Violinist 1731. 

Barthelemy, John James. ( Young Anacharsis.) Life by 

Mancini-Nivernois, 1795 1716. 

Barthez, Paul Joseph. French Medical Writer 1734. 

Barthius, Gaspar. German Scholar. (Soliloqua) 1587. 



734 
800 
826 

793 
612 
570 
677 
848 
817 
820 
860 
793 
835 
7i3 
805 

222 ? 

673 
806 
803 
855 

777 
590 
702 

785 
808 



795 
806 
658 



40 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Bartholdy, Jacob Solomon. Prussian Diplomatist 1779- • I ^ 2 5 

Bartholine, Erasmus. Physician. {De Lometis) 1625. .1698 

Bartholine, Caspar. Danish Medical Writer 1583. . 1629 

Bartholine, Caspar. Phys. and Anat. (De Tibiis Veierum) 1650?. 1705' 

Bartholine, Thomas. Danish Medical Writer 1616. .1680 

Bartholine, Thomas. (Antiquitates Danicce) 1659. . 1690 

Bartholomew. Angiitis. English Franciscan fl. 1350'- 

Bartleman. See Barthelemon 1731 . .1808 

Bartlett, Josiah. American Physician and Politician. . . . 1759- • 1820 

Bartlett, William Henry. Artist and Author 1809. .1854 

Bartoli. Italian Civilian 1312. .1356 

Bartoli, Cosmo. {Life of Frederick Barbarossa) fl. 1570 

Bartoli, Daniel. Jesuit Writer. (History of the Jesuits). . 1608.. 1685 

Bartoli, Peter Santo. Perugino. Italian Painter 1635 ''.1700 

Bartolini, Lorenzo. Italian Sculptor 1777.. 1850 

Bartolocci, Julius. Hebraist, (Bibliotheca Rabbinica) . . 1613..1687 
Bartolomeo, Andrew de. Andrea Sicido. Italian Jurist 1400. .1479 

Bartolomeo, Dionysius di. Neapolitan Architect fl. 16th c. 

Bartolomeo, Fra. <See Baccio della Porta 1 469. .1517 

Bartolomeo, Leonardo di. Sicilian Statesman — . 1450 

Bartolozzi, Francis. Engraver 1725?. 1813? 

Barton, Benjamin Smith, if. d. American Naturalist . . . 1766. .1815 

Barton, Bernard. Quaker Poet 1784. .1849 

Barton, Elizabeth. Holy Maid of Kent — - -1534 

Bartram, John. American Botanist 1701. .1777 

Bartram, Win. Amer. Naturalist. (Amer. Ornithology) 1739.. 1823 
Bartsch, Adam von. Cer. Engrav. (Le Peintre graveur) 1757. .1820 

Baruffaldi. Jesuit Writer. ( Life of Ariosto) 1 740 . . 181 7 

Barwick, John, d. d. Dean of St. Paul's. Life by Dr. 

Peter Barwick, 1721, tr. by Hilkiah Bedford . . . ." 1612. .1664 

Barwick, Peter, brother. Med. Writ. (Defence of Harvey) 1619..1705 

Barziza, Gasparino. Reviver of Learning 1370?. 1432 

Bas, James Philip le. French Engraver 1 707 . . 1 783 

Bas, John le. French Surgeon and Accoucheur fl. 1756-65 

Basaiti, Mark, of Friuli. Italian Painter fl. 1510-30 

Basan, Peter Francis. Engraver and Print-seller i7 2 3- • J 797 

Baschenis, Evarista. Ital. Pa. of Musical Instruments. 1617..1677 

Basehi, Matthew. Founder of Capuchin Friars 1500?. 1552 

Basedow, John Bernard. Ger. Philos. and Educationist 1723. .1790 

Baseilhac, John. French Lithotomist t-7°3- .1781 

Basevi, George. Architect 1 795 . . 1845 

Bashuysen, Hen. Jas. van. Hebrew Scholar and Printer 1679. .1758 
Basil, St. The Great. Bishop of Csesarea (371-79). Life 

by Godf. Hermant (Dr. Menart), 1674; Agresta, 1681 329. . 379 

Basiliscus. Emperor of East (475-77). — 477 or 8 

Basilius I. Emperor of East (867-86). The Macedonian 826'' '. 886 

Basilius II. Emperor of East (976-1025) 958.. 1025 

Basilovitch, John, or Ivan. Emperor of Russia i5 2 9- -1584 

Basin, or Bazin, Thomas. Bishop. Historian 1402. . 1491 

Basingstoke, or Basinge, John. Archd. Greek Scholar — ..1252 

Basire, or Basier, Isaac. Divine and Traveler 1607. . 1676 

Basire, James. Engraver 1730- .1802 

Baskerville, Hannibal. Antiquary , — . . 1688 

Baskerviile, John. Printer 1 706 . . 1 775 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 41 



BORN. DIED. 



Baskerville, Sir Simon. Physician I573' 

Basnage, Benjamin. Fr. Protest. ( Treatise on the Church) 1580. 
Basnage du Franquenay, Henry. French. Lawyer. 

Editor of Coutume de Normandie 1615. 

Basnage de Beauval, Henry. ( Ouvrage des Savons). . . 1656. 
Basnage de Beauval, James. Eccles. Writ, and Hist.. . 1653. 
Basnage de Flottemanville, Samuel. {Annates Politico- 

Ecclesiasticai) 1638 . 

Bass, George. Surgeon, r. n. Discov. Bass' s Straits .. . — aft 

Bass, or Bassius, Henry. German Surgeon 1690. 

Bassandyne, Thomas. Scottish Printer and Reformer. . — . 
Bassani, James Anthony. Jesuit of Vicenza. Preacher 1686. 

Bassani, John Baptist. Musical Composer 1657 s1 

Bassano. James da Ponte. Italian Painter 15 10. 

Bassano, Francis da Ponte. Painter 1 548 . 

Bassano, Hugues Bernard Maret, Due de. Fr. Statesman 1763. 

Bassano, Jerome. Painter 1560. 

Bassano, John Baptist. Painter 1 553 . 

Bassano, Leander. Painter at Venice 1558 . 

Bassantin, or Bassantoun, James. Scottish Astrologer. . 1504? 

Basselm, Oliver. French Poet — ab 

Bassi, Laura Maria Catherine. Italian Philosopher 1711 . 

Bassiano, Laudi. Italian Medical Writer — . 

Bassius, or Bass, Henry. Medical Writer at Halle 1690. 

Bassompierre, Francis de. Marsh, of France. Life by self 1579. 
Basson, Sebastian. (Phibsoph.- Natural, adversus Aristot.) 

Bassuel, Peter. French Surgical Writer. . .'. 1706. 

Bassville, Nicholas John Hugo de. Fr. Envoy and Writer — . 

Bast, Frederick James. German Scholar I77 2 - 

Basta, George. French Military Writer — . 

Bastard, Thomas. Clergyman and Poet — . 

Bastiat, Frederick. French Political Economist 1801 . 

Bastide, John Francis de la. Fr. Miscellaneous Writer . 1724. 
Baston, Robert. Poet Laureate and Pub. Orator at Oxf. — . 

Bastwick, John, M. d. Polemical Writer 1593 aft 

Bate, George. Physician and Historical Writer 1608. 

Bate, John, d. d. Prior of the Carmelites of York — . 

Bate, Julius. Hutchinsonian Divine 1711 . 

Bateman, Chas. Philip Boteler. British Admiral 1775 . 

Bateman, Thomas. Physician — . 

Bateman, William. Bishop of Norwich (1344-55) — . 

Bates, John. Musical Composer t 740 . 

Bates, Joshua. Amer. Merch. in London; Philanthropist 1788. 

Bates, William. Konconf. Divine and Biographer 1625. 

Bath, William Pulteney, Earl of. Statesman 16S2. 

Bathalmiusi. Mahometan Genealogical Writer — . 

Bathe, William. Irish Jesuit at Salamanca. Writer. 

(Janua Lingua/rum) ^S^-i- 

Bathori, Elizabeth. Niece of Stephen Bathori ; Murderess — . 

Bathori, Stephen. King of Poland (1576-86) 1533. 

Bathurst, Alien. First Earl. Statesman 1684. 

Bathurst, Hen. 2d E. L. Chanc. {Theory of Evidence) 1714. 

Bathurst, Henry. Third Earl 1762. 

Bathurst, Henry. Bp. Norwich. L. by Archd. H. -Bathurst 1 744 



641 
652 



42 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN 

Bathurst, Ralph, M. d. Dean of Wells. Philosopher, 

Wit, and Latin Poet. Life by T. Warton, 1761 1620. .1704 

Bathyllus. Pantomime ' £".30? B.C 



Batman, or Bateman, Stephen, d. d. Poet 

Batoni, Pompeo Jerome. Italian Painter 1708 

Batou Khan. Emperor of the Moguls — 

Batsch, August. John George Chas. German Naturalist 1761 
Battaglini, Mark. Bishop of Cesena. (Hist, of Councils) 1645 
Battely, Dr. John. Antiquaiy. (Antiquitates Rutupince) 1647 

Batteux, Charles. French Critic 1713 

Batthyanyi, Count Louis. Hungarian Statesman 1809 

Battie, William, M. d. ( Treatise on Mental Madness) . . . 1704 

Battishill, Jonathan. Musical Composer 1738 

Baudelocque, John Louis. French Accoucheur 1746 

Baudelot de Dairval, Chas. Cresar. Medalist and Antiq. 1648 

Bauderon, Brice. Medical Writer 1540 

Baudet, Stephen. French Engraver 1643 

Baudier, Michael. French Historical Writer fl. ti. Lou. 

Baudin, Peter Charles Louis. French Political Writer. . 1748 
Baudius, Dominic, of Leyden. Historiog. and Latin Poet 1561 

Baudot de Juilli, Nicholas Historical Writer 1678 

Baudouin, Frs. Baldwinus. French Civilian and Scholar 1520 
Baudouin, or Baudoin, John. French Class. Translator. 1584 

Baudrand, Michael Anthony. French Geographer 1633 

Bauer, Ferdinand. Botanical Painter 1744 

Bauhin, Gaspar. French Bot. (Piriax Theatri Botanid) 1560 

Bauhin, John. French Protestant Physician 1511 

Bauhin, John. French Botanist. (Hisloria Plantarum). 1541 

Bauhin, John Gaspar. Physician and Botanist 1606 

Bauldri, Paul. Fr. Chrom and Hist. Writer at Utrecht 1639 
Baulot, or Beaulieu, Jas. Friar James. Fr. Surg. Operator 165 1 

Baume, Anthony. French Chemist .... 1728 

Baume des Dossat, Jas. Francis de la. Poet. ( Ckristiade) 1705 
Baume, Nicholas Augustus de la. Marshal of France. . . 1636 
Baumer, John Wm. (JVat. Hist, of Mineral Kingdom).. 1719 
Baumgarten, Alex. Theophilus. German Philosopher . .1714 

Baumgarten, Sigismund Jacob. Theologian 1 706 

Baune, Jas. de la. Jesuit of Paris. Latin Poet and Writer 1649 

Baur, Ferdinand Christian. German Theologian 1792 

Baur, Frederick William von. Russian Military Engineer 1731 
Baur, John William, of Strasburg. Wirlembaur. Archi- 
tect, Painter, and Engraver 1600 

Bausch, John Lawrence. Medical Writer 1605 

Bautru, William. French Wit 1588 

Bavay, Paul Ignatius de, of Brussels. Medical Writer . . 1704 

Bawdween, William. Divine and Antiquary 1762 

Baxter, Andrew. Metaphysician and Natural Philosopher 1686 
Baxter, Richard. Nonconformist Divine. Life by himself 

and Sylvester, 1696; Dr. E. Calamy, 1713; Orme 1615. 

Baxter, William. Grammarian and Critic 1650. 

Bayard, James A. American Statesman 1767. 

Bayard, Peter duTerrail, Chevalier de'. Le Chevalier sans 
Peur et sans Reproche, &c. Life by Champier, 4to, 
1625; Le Loyal- Serviteur, 1619; Lazare Bocquillot, 



587 
787 

2 55 
802 
717 
708 
780 
849 
776 
801 
810 
722 
623 
716 
XIII. 

799 
613 

759 
573 
650 
700 
826 
624 
582 
613 
685 
706 
720 



723 
815 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 



43 



Prior of Louval, 12mo, 1702 ; Guvard de Berville, 12mo, 

1760; Duteras, 1770; Rev. Joseph Sterling, 1781; 

Dochier, 1789 ; Bucholz, 1801 ; Pillot, 1816 ; Cohen, 1821 ; 

The Loyal Servant, tr. by Croker, 1825; Lotz, 1826; 

Terrebasse, 1828 ; Delandine de St. Esprit, 1842 1476 

Bayen, Peter. French Chemist 1725 

Bayer, John. German Astronomer. ( Ccelum Stella-turn) — 
Bayer, Theoph. Siegfried, grandson. {Museum Sinicum). 1694 

Bayf, or Bait, Lazarus de. French Poet and Scholar — 

Bayle, Francis. Medical Writer 1622 

Bayle, Moses. French Revolutionist 1760 

Bayle, Peter. (Biographical and Historical Dictionary.) 

Life bv Des Maizeaux, 1712; Durevest, 1716 1647 

Bayley, Anselm, of London. Divine — 

Bayley, Sir John. Judge. (Bills of Exchange) 1763 

Bayley, Richard. American Medical Writer 1745 

Bayly, Lewis. Bishop of Bangor. (Practice of Piety) .. 1565 

Bayly, Dr. Thomas. English Publicist 

Bayly, Thomas Haynes. Lyric Poet 1797 

Bayly, William. . Astronomer; companion of Capt. Cook — 

Bayne, Alexander. Scottish Jurist — 

Baynes, John. Political Writer 1758 

Bayntun, Sir William Henry. Admiral 1765 

Bazard, Amand. Founder of Fr. Carbonarism ; Socialist 1791 

Bazhenov, Basil Ivanovitch. Russian Architect 1737 

Bazin, Giles Augustine. French Physician and Naturalist — 

Bazin, or Basin, Thomas. Bishop. Historian 1402 

Bazire, or Basire, Claude. French Revolutionist 1764 

Be, William le. Printer and Type Founder at Troyes. . . 1525 

Beale, Mary. Portrait Painter. 1632 

Beard, John. Actor 1716 

Beaton, or Bethune, David. Card. ; Abp. of St. Andrew's 1494 

Beaton, James. Scottish Divine and Statesman — 

Beaton, James. Bp. of Glasgow. (History of Scotland) 1530 

Beatson, Robert, l.l. d. (Political Index, &c.) 1742 

Beattie, James, L.L. D. Poet. Life by A. Bower, 1804 ; 

Sir Wm. Forbes, 1806: Mudford, 1809; Dyce, 1831. . . 1735 
Beattie, James Hay. (Essays and Fragments.) Life by 

his father, James Beattie, foregoing 1768 

Beattie, Sir William, M. r>. Physician to the Fleet 1770 

Beatus Bhenanus. German Scholar and Historian. .. . 1485 

Beau, Charles le. (Histoire du Bas Empire) 1701 

Beau, John Louis le. brother, of Paris. Classical Editor. 1721 
Beaucaire de Beguillon, Francis. Archbishop of Mentz. 

(Rerum Gallicarum Commentaria) I 5 I 4 

Beauchamp, Alphonse de. French Hist, and Publicist. 1767 
Beauchamp, Richard, Earl of Warwick. General in 

France ; died at Rouen ; — 

Beauchamp, Richard. Bishop. Architect — 

Beauchamps, Peter Francis Godard de. ( Theatres de 

France ) 1689 

Beauchateau, Francis Matthew Chatelet de. Fr. Poet . 1645 
Beauclerk, Topham. Scholar. Friend of Dr. Johnson. 1739 
Beaunls, Wm. Jesuit of Auvergne. Preacher and Writer 1674 



BORN. DIED. 



44 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Beaufort, Henry. Cardinal. Bishop of "Winchester, 

1405-47. Lite by Gough in Vetust. Monumenta i37o ? . 1447 

Beaufort, Louis de. Historical Writer — . .1795 

Beaufort, Margaret, mother of Henry VII. Life by 

Halsted, 183b 1441..1509 

Beauharnais, Alexander, Viscount de. Fr. Revolutionary 

Statesman; First Husband of the Empress Josephine 1760. .1794 
Beauharnais, Eugene de. Viceroy of Italy. Life by 

Gallois, 1821 ; Aubriet, 1824; Schoenberg, 1825; Vau- 

doncourt, 1825 ; Seel, 1827; D'Arnav, 1830; Armandi, 

1838 ; Saint- You, 1838 1781 . 

Beauharnais, Hortense Eugenie. Queen of Holland. . . . 1783. 
Beaulieu, James. French Surgical Operator. See Baulot 1651. 
Beaulieu, Sebastian de Pontault, Sieur de. (Battles of 

LouisXIV.) — . 

Beaumanoir, Philip de. ( Coutumes de Beauvoisis) — . 

Beaumarchais, Peter Augustan Caron de. Dramatic 

Writer, &c. Life by Cousin d' Avallon, 1802 1732. 

Beaumelle, Laurence. French Wr. (Letters to Voltaire) 1727. 

Beaumont, Elias de. See Elie de Beaumont i73 2 - 

Beaumont, Frs. Poet ; colleague of Fletcher. L. by Dyce 1 586 . 

Beaumont, Sir George Howland. Artist 1753. 

Beaumont de Perefixe, Hardouin. Archbishop of Paris. 

See Perefixe 1605 . 

Beaumont, Jane le Prince de. "Writer for the Young .. . 1711. 

Beaumont, Sir John. Poet. (Bosicorth Field) 1582. 

Beaumont, John Louis Moreau de. French Polit. Writer. 1715. 
Beaumont, Joseph, r^ d. Master of Peterhouse. Poet. 

(Psyche) Life by son, Charles Beaumont, 1749 1615. 

Beaumont, Wm. American Surgeon 1796. 

Beaune, Florimond de. French Mathematician 1601 . 

Beaurain, John de. Geogr. ( Campaigns of Luxemburg) 1696. 
Beaurieu, Gaspard Guillard de. (VEkvede la Nature). 1728. 

Beausotare, Isaac de. (History of Reformation) J 659. 

Beausobre, Louis de, son. "W riter at Berlin I 73°- 

Beauvais, Charles Nicholas. Fr. Phys., Polit., & "Writer. — . 
Beauvais, John Bapt. Charles Mary'de. Fr. Preacher. .. 1731. 
Beauvais, Wm. Medalist. (Medallic Hist, of Rom. Emp.) 1698. 
Beauvilliers, Frs. Honorat de. Soldier; Courtier; Poet. 1607. 
Beauvilliers, Paid Hippolytus. Fr. Soldier and Negotiat. 1684. 
Beauvois, Ambrose M. P. J. P. de. Fr. Nat. and Trav. 1752. 
Beauzee, Nicholas. French Critic and Grammarian. . . . 1717. 
Beaver, Capt. Phil., k. n. L. by Capt. W. H. Smyth, 1829 1766. 

Beazley, Samuel. Architect and Play "Writer 1786. 

Bebele, Henry. Lat. Schol. & Poet Laureate at Tubingen fl. 1; 
Beccadelli, Anthony. Panormita. (Alphmso of ' Aragon) 1394. 

Beccadelli, Louis. (Lives of Pole and Bembo) 1502. 

Beceafumi, Dominic. Jfeeherino. Italian Painter 1484. 

Beceari, Augustine, of Ferrara. Pastoral Poet 1510?. 

Beecari, James Bartholomew. (Motion of Fluids) 1682. 

Becearia, Cass. Bonesana, Mqs. di. ( Crimes 9°- Punishm.) 1738. 

Beccaria, John Baptist. Natural Philosopher 1716. 

Beccuti, Francis. II Copetta. Italian Poet I 5°9- 

Becerra, Gaspard. Spanish Painter and Sculptor 1520?. 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 45 

BORN. DIED. 

Becher, John Joachim. German Chemist 1625 . . 1685 

Bechstein, John Matthias. German Ornithologist 1757. .1822 

Beck, Bek, or Beek, David. Dutch Portrait Painter. . . . 1621. .1656 

Becker, or Bekker, Balthasar. Dutch Divine 1634. . 1698 

Becker, Chas. Ferd. Ger. Philol. (Deutsche Grammatih) 1775. - 1 &A9 
Becker, Daniel. German Phys. (DeCultivoro Prussiaco) 1594. .1655 
Becker, Ferdinand Wm. German Natural Philosopher. 1805. .1834 
Becker, Gottfried Wm. Ger. Hist., Med., and Misc. Wr. 1778. .1801 
Becker, Wm. Adol. Ger. Author. (Roman Antiquities). . 1796. .1846 

Becket, Isaac. English Mezzotinto Engraver 1 ^>S3- • — 

Becket, Thomas a. Edw. Grim; Roger de Pontigny; 
Wm.Fitzstephen; John of Salisbury, d. 1180; Barthol- 
omew, Bishop of Exeter, d. 1186 ; Herbert of Bosham, 
fl. 1188; Anon, of Lambeth; Robert of Gloucester; 
Edward, a Monk of Canterbury; E. a Monk of Eves- 
ham; Benedict, Abbot of Peterborough, d. 1193; 
Roger of Croyland, tern. John; Alan of TeAvksbury, 
d. 1202; Wm. of Canterbury; Stephen Langton, d. 
1228 ; Alexander de Hales ; John Grandison or Graun- 
son, d. 1369 ; Thos. Stapleton, 1588 ; Laurence Vade or 
Wade; Quadrilogus or Quaxlripartita Historia, pub. 
1495 ; C. du Canda, 1615 ; Cambdoust de Pontchasteau, 
1674; Richard James; Gamier of Port St. Maxence; 
Christopher Wolf; Imman. Bekker, 1838; Charles 
Bataille, 1843; Robert, 1844; J. A. Giles, 1846; Prof. 
Stanley in Canterbury Memorials; National Review, 
No. XX.; J. Morris, 1859; Hippeau, 1859; J. C. 

Robertson, 1859 ; W. and M. Wilks, 1862..* ui9?.ii7o 

Becket, William. Medical Writer 1684. .1738 

Beckford, Wm. Poet. ( Vathek.) L. by Cyrus Redding 1760. .1844 
Beckingham, Chas. Dram, and Poet. (Seipio Africanus) 1699.. 1730 
Beckington, Thomas. Bp. of Bath and Wells. Privy 

Seal. Life by Sir H. Nicholas 1385?. 1465 

Beckmann, John Anthony. (History of Inventions) 1739- .1811 

Beckwith, Sir George. Governor of Bermuda 1753 . . 1823 

Beckwith, Thomas. Artist and Antiquary — ..1786 

B6clard, Peter Augustine. French Anatomist 1788. . 1825 

Becman, John Christopher. Historian and Geographer. 1641..1717 

Becon, Thomas. Reformer 1511?. 1570 

Becquerel, Anthony Caesar. French Electrician 1788. . — 

Becquet, Anthony/ Celestine Monk; Hist, of his Order. 1654. .1730 
Bectoz, Claudine de. French Abbess and Letter Writer. 1480-'. 1547 

Beda, Noel. Doctor of the Sorbonne; Persecutor — . .1537 

Beddoes, Lovell Thos. English Poet. (Bride's Tragedy) 1803. .1849 
Beddoes, Thomas, m. d. Writer. Life by Stock, 1811. 1760.. 1808 

Bede. The Venerable. Ecclesiastical Historian 672 or 3 . 735 

Bedell, Gregory T., D. D. American Divine 1793- • ^34 

Bedell, William. Bp. of Kilmore. Life. by Bp. Burnet, 

1685; J. Monck Mason, 1840; Rev. Alex. Clogy, 1863 1570. .1642 

Bederic, Henry. English Monk and Theologian fl. 1380'' 

Bedford, Arthur. Divine. Writer against the Stage .. . 1668.. 1745 

Bedford, Hilkiah. (Hereditary Right of Croum) 1663. .1724 

Bedford, John, Duke of. Regent of France 1389. .1435 

Bedford, John Russell, Fourth Duke of, k. g — . . 1771 



46 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 



Bedford, John Russell, Sixth Duke of, k. g 1766. 

Bedloe, Capt. Win. Informed Life, 8vo, London. 1861 — . 
Bedmar, Alphonso de Cueva, Mqs. of. Sp. Ambassador. . 1572. 
Bedos de Celles, Frs. Bened. of St.Maur. ( On Dialing) 1706. 

Bedwell, William. Divine and Topographer 1562? 

Beecher, Lyman. American Theologian. Life by self 

and Charles Beecher, his son, 1863 1813. 

Beechey, Fred. William. Admiral. Arctic Navigator .. 1 796 . 

Beechey, Sir William, r. a. Painter 1753 . 

Beek, or Beck, David. Dutch Portrait Painter 162 1 . 

Beer, J. Meyer. See Meyerbeer 1791 . 

Beer, Michael. German Musical Composer 1800. 

Beering, Behring, or Bhering, Vitus. Danish Navigator 1680 ? 
Beethoven, Louis van. Musical Composer. Life by 

Schlosser, 1828 ; Wegeler andRies, 1838 ; A. Schindler 

and J. Moscheles, 1840 1770 

Bega, Cornelius. Dutch Painter 1600 

Begarelli, Anthony. Modeler in Clay 1498 

Begas, Charles. German Painter 1794 

Beger, Laurence. German Antiquary 1653 

Begeyn, Abraham. Dutch Painter 1650 

B6gon, Michael. Fr. Collector of Books and Antiquities. 1638 
Beguillet, Edm. Writ, on Agricult. and Domestic Econ. — 

Beham, Bartholomew. Painter 1496 

Beham, John Sebald. Painter and Engraver at Rome. . 1500 

Behem, or Behaim, Martin. Geogr. and Navigator 1430 

Behmen, or Boehm, Jacob. German Theosophist 1575 

Behn, Mrs. Aphra. Dramatist; Poet; Novelist. 1642 

Behnes, William. Sculptor 1801 

Behrens, Conrad Berthold 1660 

Behring, Beering, or Bhering, Vitus. Danish Navigator 1680 
Beieh, or Beisch, Joachim Francis. Ger. Pa. & Engrav. . 1665 
Beinaschi, or Benaschi, J. Bapt. Italian Hist. Painter.. 1634 

Beithar. African Botanist and Phvsician — 

Bek, or Beke, Anthony. Bishop of Durham (1283-1311) — 

Bek, Beck, or Beek, David. Dutch Painter 1621 

Bekker, Balthasar, of Amsterdam. (World Bewitched). . 1634 

Bekker, Elizabeth. Dutch Writer of Fiction 1733 

Bel, Chas. Andrew, of Leipsic. Philosopher and Poet. . . 171 7 
Bel, John James, of Bourdeaux. (Dictionnaire Neologique) 1693 

Bel, Matthias. Hungarian Divine and Historian 1684 

Belcamp, John van. Dutch Painter — 

Belcher, Jonathan. Colonial Governor of Massachusetts, 

New Hampshire, and New Jersey 1681 

Belehier, John. Surgeon to Guy's Hospital 1706 

Belgrado, James. Italian Jesuit; Math.; Antiq.; Poet. 1704 
Belidor, Bernard Forest de. Fr. Engineer and Math. . . . T693 
Beling, Rd. Irish Rebel, {ttndiciarum, Catholic. Hibernice) 1613 
Belisarius. Roman General. L. by Lord Mahon, 1829. 505 
Belknap, Jeremy. American Historian and Biographer. 1744 

Bell, Andrew, v. d. Educationist 1753 

Bell, Beaupre'. Antiquary — 

Bell, Benjamin. Surgeon. ( Treatise on Ulcers) 1749 

Bell, Sir Chas. Anatomist. {Hand.) L. by Pichot, 1860 1774 



DIED. 

1839 
1680 
1655 
1779 
1623 

.1863 
.1856 

.1839 
.1656 
.1864 

1833 
.1741 



1827 
[664 

! 6 5 
>54 
705 
710? 
710 
786 
540? 
[650? 
1506 
[624 



738 
74i 
748 



[311 

[656 

[698 

[804 

782' 

738 

749 

^53 

757 

785 
789 
761 
[677 
565 
798 
[832 

745 
[806 

12 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 47 



BORN. DIED. 



Bell, George Joseph. Scottish Jurist 177° 

Bell, Henry. Originator of Steam Navigation in England .1767 

Bell, James. Geographical Writer 1769 

Bell, John, of Antermony. Traveler 8 1691 

Bell, John, of Edinburgh. Surgical Writer 1762 

Bell, John. Publisher. (Weekly Messenger ; Poets).... 1746 

Bell, Luther V. American Physician 1806 

Bell, Dr. William. Divine, founder of Scholarship. ... 1731 

Bella, Stephen della. Italian Etcher in Copper 1610 

Bellamy, Mrs. George Ann. Actress. Life by self 1733 

Bellamy, Jacob. Dutch Poet 1757 

Bellamy, Joseph, d. d. American Divine and Writer. . . 1719 

Bellamy, Samuel. Pirate — 

Bellarmin, Robert. Cardinal. Life by James Fuligati, 

1624; Bartoli, 1678; Marazza, 1682; Frizon, 1708 1542 

Bellay, Joachim du. The French Ovid 1524 

Bellay, John du. Cardinal; Statesman; Scholar; Poet. 1492 
Bellay, Martin du. Negotiator. ( Historical Memoirs) .. . — 
Bellay, Wm, du. French General. (Hist, of Own Times) 1491 

Belle, Alexis Simon. French Portrait Painter 1674 

Belle, Stephen de la. See Bella. Engraver 1610 

Belleau, Remy. French Pastoral Poet 1528 

Bellecour, Colson de. French Comic Actor 1725 

Belleforest, Francis de. French Historical Writer 1530 

Bellegarde, Gabriel du Pac. French Critic and Historian 1717 
Bellegarde, J. Baptist Morvan de. Ex-Jesuit. Cartesian 1648 
Belleisle, Chas. Lou. Aug. Fouquet, Duke de. Fr. Marshal 1684 
Bellenden, or Ballenden, Sir or Dr. John. (Hist, of Scot.) — 
BeUenden, Wm. Scottish Ciceronian Schol. (De Statu) fl. 
Bellenger, Francis. Dr. of Sorbonne ; Classical Translator 1688 

Bellet, Charles. French Religious Writer 1702 

Bellevois. Marine Painter — 

Belliard, Augustine Dan., Count de. Fr. Gen. andDiplom. 1769 

Bellievre, Pomponius. French Statesman 1529 

Bellingham, Richard. Colonial Gov. of Massachusetts. — 
Bellini, Gentine. Venetian Historian and Portrait Painter 1421 

BeUini, James, of Venice. Painter — 

Bellini, James Nicholas. French Marine Geographer . . . 1703 

Bellini, John. Venetian Painter 1426 

Bellini, Laurence. Italian Medical Writer 1643 

Bellini, Vincent. Musical Composer. Life bv Gerardi, 

1835; Ventimiglia, 1835 1802 

BeUius, Martin. (De Hereticis.) See Castalio 1515 

Bellmann, Charles Michael. Swedish Poet 1741 

Bello, Francis. II Cieco 

Bellocq, Peter. French Satirist 1645 

BeUoni, Jerome. Roman Banker. (Essay on Commerce) — 

Bellori, John Peter. Antiquary and Biographer 1616 

Belloste, Augustin. Fr. Surg. " ( Chirnrgeon de V Hospital) 1654 

Bellot, Joseph Rene\ Lieutenant. Life by Lemer 1826 

Bellotti, Peter. Italian Portrait Painter and Caricaturist. 1625 
Belloy, Peter Laurence Buyrette du. French Dramatist. 1727 

Bellucci, Anthony. Historical and Portrait Painter 1654 

Beloe, William. "Scholar and Critic 1756 



843 
830 

'833 
780 
:82o 
t83i 

(8i6 
[664 
786 
786 
790 
717 

[621 
560 
560 
559 

543 
734 
[664 

577 
778 

5 ? 3 
789 

734 
761 

55o 
[6 

749 
771 
;68 4 
[832 
:6o7 
[672 

501 
1470 
772 

516 

704 

'835 
063 
[796 

704 
761 

1696 
73° 
'853 
700 

775 
[726 
[817 



48 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 



BORN. 

Belon, Peter. French Naturalist and Traveler 1517 

Belsham, Thos. Unitarian. Life by Rev. J. Williams, 1836 1750 

Belsham, William. Essayist and Historian 1753 

Belsunce, Hen. Francis Xavier de. Bishop of Marseilles 1671 

Beltraffio, John Anthony. Italian Painter 1467 

Belzoni, John Baptist. "Traveler 1778 

Bern, Joseph. Polish General and Turkish Pasha 1795 

Bembo, Peter. Cardinal. Historian and Poet. Life by 

Beccadelli ; La Casas 1470 

Bemmel, William van. Dutch Landscape Painter 1630 

Benaschi, or Beinaschi, J. Bapt. Ital. Painter and Engrav. 1634 
Benavidio, Mark. Marco Mantuano. Italian Civilian . 1489 

Benbow, John. Admiral 1650 

Benci, or Bencio, Francis. Italian Jesuit and Poet 1542 

Bendish, Bridget, grand-daughter of Cromwell — 

Bendlowes, Edward. Patron of Learning 1613 

Benedetti, or Benedict, Alexander. Italian Anatomist. . — 
Benedetto da Majano. Flor. Sculptor and Architect . . 1444 

Benedetto, Le. See Castiglione. Italian Painter 1616 

Benedict, St., of Nursia. Founder of Benedictine Order. 

Life by Gregorv the Great ; Castaiiiza, 1583 ; Butteau, 

1684 ; Mege, 1690 ; Chladenius, 1707 ; Waitzmann, 1825 ; 

Maetzler. 1831 ; Zoncada, 1843 ; Formby, 1858 480 

Benedict Biscop. Abbot of Wearmouth 629 

Benedict of Aiane 751 

Benedict I. Pope (574-78). Bonosus — 

Benedict II. (684-85^ — 

Benedict HI. (855-58) — 

Benedict IV. (900-3) — 

Benedict V. (964-65) — 

Benedict VI. (972-74) — 

Benedict VII. (975-84) — 

Benedict VIII. (1012-24.) John of Tusculum — 

Benedict IX. (1033-54.) Theophylact of Tusculum — 

Benedict X. (1058-59.) Antipope — 

Benedict XI. (1303-4.) Nich. Boccasini. L. by Cam- 

pana, 1736 1240 

Benedict XH. (1334-42.) James de Nouvellis — 

Benedict XIII. (1724-30.) Peter Francis Orsini. Life 

by Borgia, 1741 ; Ranft, 1743 1649 

Benedict XIV. (1740-58.) Prosper Lambertini 1675 

Benedict, Abbot of Peterborough. Historian — 

Benedict, Alexander. Italian Anatomist — 

Benefield, Sebastian. Calvinist Theologian at Oxford . 1559 
Beneke, Frederick Edward. German Philosopher ...... 1798 

Benevoli, Horace. Composer of Church Music 1602 

Benezet, Anthony. American Philanthropist 1713 

Benezra, or Abenezra, Abraham. Rabbi 11 19 

Bengel, John Albert. {Gnomon.) Life by Nast, 1753; 

Fresenius, 1756; Burk, 1831, tr. by R. F. Walker, 1837 1687 

Benger, Miss Elizabeth Ogilvy. Biographer 1778 

Beni, Paid. Italian Philologist 1552 

Benini, Vincent. Italian Physician. {Notes on Celsus). 1713 
Beniowsky, Moritz August von. Adventurous Hungarian 1741 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 



49 



Benivieni, Jerome. Florentine Poet 1453 

Benizzi, Philip, Saint. Life by Francis Malaval, 1672. . 1233 
Benjamin of Tudela. Jewish Rabbi &Trav. {Itinerary) — 
Bennet, Benjamin. Dissent. Divine. ( Christian Oratory) 1674 
Bennet, Christopher. Physician. (Tabidorum Theatrum) 161 7 

Bennet, Henry, First Earl Arlington. Statesman 16 18 

Bennet, Robert. Ejected Nonconformist. ( Concordance 

of Scripture Synonyms) — 

Bennet, Thomas, d. d. Divine and Hebraist 1673 

Bennett, James, d. d. Dissent. Div. (Hist, of Dissenters) 177 4 
Bennigsen, Levin Aug. Theoph., Count. Russian General 1745 

Benoit, Father. Maronite Jesuit Scholar 1663 

Benoit, Elias. (Histoire de VEdit de Nantes) 1640 

Benoit, Rene. French Theologian 1521 

Benserade, Isaac de. French Court Poet 1612 

Benson, Edward. Artist 1808 

Benson, Dr. George. Dissenting Divine 1699 

Bent, John van cler. Dutch Landscape Painter 1650 

Bentham, Edward, d. d. Divinity Professor 1707 

Bentham, James. Prebendary of Ely. {History of Ely) 1708 
Bentham, Jeremy. Polit. Writer. Life by Bowring, 1838 1748 
Bentham, Sir Samuel. Brig.-Gen. L. by S.M. Bentham 1757 
Bentham, Thomas. Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry. . 15 13 
Bentinek, Lord George. Statesman. Life bv Disraeli. 1802 
Bentinck, W. H. Cavendish, 3d Dk. Portland. "Prem. 1807 1738 

Bentinek, William. First Earl of Portland 1649 

Bentinck, Lord William. Governor-General of India. . . 1774 
Bentivoglio, Cornelius. Cardinal. Poet and Art-Patron 1668 
Bentivoglio, Guy. Cardinal. (Civil Wars of Flanders) 1579 

Bentivoglio, Hercules. Poet and Satirist 1506 

Bentivoglio, John II., Lord of, and adorner of, Bologna 1439 

Bentley, Sir John. Admiral — 

Bentley, Richard, d. d. Critic. Life by Bishop Monk, 1823 1662 

Bentley, Thomas. Partner of Wedgwood. Writer 1730 

Benvenuti, Charles. Italian Jesuit; Math, and Philos. 17 16 
Benvenuto Cellini. Florentine Artist. See Cellini. . . . 1500 
Benwell, William, of Caversham. Divine and Scholar. . 1765 
Benyowsky, Maurice Augustus, Count de. Hungarian 

Adventurer. Life by self, 2 vols. 4to, 1790 1741 

Benzelius, Eric. Swedish Divine 1642 

Benzelius, Eric, son. ( Acta Literaria Sueciw) 1675 

Benzio, Trifone. Italian Poet — 

Benzoni, Jerome. Italian Voyager 15 19 

Beoer, or Beyer, Augustus. German Historian and Critic 1707 

Beolco, Angelo. Ruzzante. Italian Poet 1502 

Beranger, John Peter de. Lyric Poet. Life by himself 1780 
Berault, Nicholas. Beraldus Aurelius. French Scholar 1473 

Berchem, or Berghem, Nicholas. Dutch Painter 1624 

Berchett, Peter. French Historian, Painter, and Engraver 1659 
Bercheur, P. Berchorius. Fr. Div. (Reductorium. Morale) — 

Berchtold, Leopold, Count. Philanthropist 1758 

Berengaria, of Navarre. Queen of Richard I — 

Berengarius, of Tours. Theologian. Life by Roye, 1656 1000 
Berenger I. King of Italy (888-922) — 



DIED. 
1542 

CI73 
[726 

r6 55 
[685 

[687 

[728 
[862 
[826 
[742 
[728 
[608 
[691 
[863 
[762 
[690 
[776 

[794 
[832 
1831 

[579 
[848 
[809 
[709 

t8 3 9 

[732 
[644 

[573 

[5 o8 

[772? 

1742 

[780 

[7 8 9 

[570 

[796 

[786 
[709 

[570? 

[741 
1542 
t S 57 
[550 
[683 
[720 
[362 
[809 
1230 

is 
924 



50 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Berenger H. King of Italy (950-961) — . . 966 

Berenger, James, of Carpi. Anatomist and Physician . . — . .1550 
Berenger, Laurence Peter. (Les Soirees Provengales). . . 1749. .1822 
Berenice, or Bemice. Jewish Queen; Favorite of Titus. 28? aft. 70 

Beresford, Rev. James. {Miseries of Human Life) 1764. .1840 

Beresford, William Carr, Viscount. General 1768. . 1854 

Beretini, or Berretini, Peter, of Cortona. Painter 1596. . 1669 

Berettini, Nicholas. Historical Painter 161 7. . 1682 

Berettini, Peter. Pietro da Cortona. Painter 1596. . 1669 

Berg, Matthias van den. Flemish Painter 161 5 . . 1647 

Bergamo, James Philip de. Foresti. Italian Chronicler 1434. .1520 
Bergen, Charles Augustus de. Anatomist and Botanist. 1704.. 1760 

Bergen, Dirk van den. Painter 1640?. 1689 

Bergerae, Cyrano de. French Dramatist and Romancist 1620?. 1655 

Berghem, Nicholas. Dutch Painter 1624. . 1683 

Bergier, Nieh. Fr. Historian. (Roads of Roman Empire) 1567. .1623 
Bergier, Nicholas Sylvester. French Divine at Besancon 1718. .1790 

Bergier, Joseph. German Historical Painter 1753. .1829 

Bergman, Torbern Olof. Swedish Chemist 1735 • • I 7^4 

Berhtwald. Archbishop of Canterbury (692-731) — . . 731 

Berigard, Claude. Fr. Philos. in Italy. ( Circuli Pisani) 1578. .1663 

Bering, Vitus. Latin Poet at Copenhagen 161 7. .1675 

Bering, or Behring, Vitus. Danish Navigator i6So ? . 1741 

Berington, Joseph. Roman Catholic Historical "Writer. 1744. -1827 
Berkeley, George, First Earl of. {Historical Applications) 1627?. 1698 
Berkeley, George. Bishop of Cloyne. Metaphysician. 

Life, 8vo, 1784; Wright, 1843 1684. .1753 

Berkeley, Sir William. Governor of Virginia. Writer.. — ..1677 

Berkenhout, Dr. John. Biographer 1730?. 1 791 

Berkheyden, or Breckberg, Gerard. Architectural Pa. . . 1645 . . 1693 
Berkheyden, or Breckberg, Job, brother. Dutch Painter 1628. .1698 
Berkley, John le Francq van. Dutch Phys., Nat., Poet. . . 1729.. 1812 
Berlichingen, Goetz von. Iron-handed. German Knight fl. 1513 
Bernabei, Jos. Anth. Comp. of Church Music at Munich 1659. .1732 
Bernabei, Jos. Here. Comp. of Church Music at Munich 1620 ? . 1690 
Bernadotte. French General and King of Sweden. Life 
by Nicolai, 1821; Meredith, 1829; Touchard-Lafosse, 
1838; Strombeck, 1841; Runkel, 1841; Grosse, 1844; 

Geijer, 1844; Hericourt, 1844; Sarrans, 1845 1764. . 1844 

Bernaert, Nicasius. Dutch Painter 1593?. 1663 

Bernard, St., of Clairvaux. Life by Alain de Lisle; A. 
Neander, tr. by Wrench, 1843 ; Antoine le Maistre ; 
Villefore; Abbe Ratisbonne, tr. by Manning; J. Cot- 
ter Morison, 1863 '. 1091 . .1153 

Bernard, St., of Menthon. Founder of Hospice 923 . . 1008 

Bernard, of Brussels. Pa. of Animals and Hunting-pieces — . .1540 

Bernard, Duke of Weimar. Protestant General 1604. . 1639 

Bernard, Andrew. Poet Laureate to Hen. VII. and VIII. — aft. 1522 

Bernard, Catherine. French Poetess 1662. .1712 

Bernard, Chas. French Hist. ( Wars of Louis XIII.) . . 15 71. .1640 
Bernard, Claude, of Dijon. Poor Bernard. Philanthr. 1588. .1641 
Bernard, Edw. Crit. & Astron. L. by Dr. T. Smith, 1704 1638 . . 1697 
Bernard, Sir Francis. Governor. Editor of Alsop's Odes — ..1779 
Bernard, Dr. Hermann Hedwig, of Cambridge. Hebraist 1785. .1857 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 51 



BORN. DIED. 



Bernard, James. Fr. Prot. Div. {Account of Europe) .. . 1658. 
Bernard, John, D. d. Divine. (Theologo-ffistoricus). . . — . 
Bernard, John. Actor. {Retrospections of the Stage).. . 1756. 
Bernard, John Fred., of Amsterdam. Bookseller & Writer — . 

Bernard, John Stephen. German Medical Writer 1718. 

Bernard, Xicholas, d. d. Friend & Biographer of Ussher — . 
Bernard, Peter Joseph. Le Gentil Bernard. French Poet 17 10. 
Bernard, Rd. Puritan Div. & Sch. ( Thesaurus Biblicus) 1566. 

Bernard, Samuel. French Painter and Engraver 161 5 . 

Bernard, Samuel, son. Lucullus. Capitalist 1651? 

Bernard, Simon. French General. Engineer 1779- 



Bernard, Solomon. Petit Bernard. Engraver at Lyons . £.1550-80 
Bernard, Sir Thos. Philanthr. L. by Jas. Baker, 1819. 1750. . 18 18 

Bernardez, Diego. Portuguese Idyllic Poet !54° ? - 

Bemardi, Augustus Frederick. German Philologist 1761.. 

Bernardi, John. Italian Crystal Engraver x 495 ? - 

Bemardi, Major John. Politician ; died in Newgate .. . — .. 

Bernardi, Stephen. Ital. Musical Writer and Comp fl. 161 

Bernardin de St. Pierre. See St. Pierre 1737 . . 

Bernardine, St., of Sienna 1380. . 

Bernazzano. Italian Painter fl. 15 

Berners, John Bourchier, Lord. Translator of Froissart . i474 ? . 
Berners, or Barnes, Juliana. Prioress of Sopewell. Writ. — aft. 
Berni, or Bernia, Francis. Ital. Poet. {Rime Burlesche) 1490? . 



596 
S20 

555 
7^6 

-34 ? 
814 

444 
36 
532 
485 
536 



Berniee, or Berenice. Jewish Queen; Favorite of Titus. 28 ? aft. 70 



Bernier, Francis. Mogul. Philosopher and Traveler. . . 1630 
Bernier, John. Fr. Medical Writer. {Histoire de Blois) 1622. . 

Bernier, Nicholas. French Musical Composer. 1664. . 

Bernini, John Lawrence. Ital. Pa., Sculp., Arch., Mech. . 1598. . 
Bernis, Frs. Joach. de Pierre de. Cardinal. Fr. Poet. . 1715 . . 
Berno. Abbot of Richenau. Poet, Musician, Philosopher — . . 

Bernouilli, Daniel, m. d. Natural Philosopher 1700. . 

Bernouilli, James. Mathematician at Petersburg *759- • 

Bernouilli, James. Mathemat. L. by J. J. Battier, 1705 1654. . 

Bernouilli, John, brother. Mathematician 1667. . 

Bernstorf, Andrew Peter, Ct. von. Danish Statesman.. 1735. • 
Bernstorf, John Hartwig Ern., Ct. von. Danish Statesm. 1712. . 

Beroald, Matthew, of Paris. Chronologist — 

Beroald de Verville, Francis, son. {Moyen de parvenir) 1558. . 

Beroaldo, Philip, The Elder, of Bologna. Scholar 1453 . . 

Beroaldo, Philip, The Younger, nephew. Latin Poet. . . 1472 



Berosus. Priest of Belus at Babylon. Historian fl. ab.25on.c 



Berquin, Arnauld. {L'Ami des Enfans) 1749 . 

Berquin, Louis de. French Protestant Martyr 1489? 

Berr, Frederick. French Musical Composer 1794- 

Berretini, Nicholas. Italian Historical Painter 1627 . 

Berretini, Peter. Pietro da Cortona. Painter i59°- 

Berridge, Rev. John. Divine — . 

Berriman, William. Theologian 1683 . 

Berruyer, Jos. Isaac. Fr. Jesuit. {Hist, of People of God) 1681. 
Berry, Charles Ferdinand. Duke de. Assassinated.... 1778. 

Berry, Sir Edward. Rear-Admiral 1768 . 

Berry, Hiram George. American General 1824. 

Berry, John, Duke of, son of John II. of France 1340. 



718 
683 
828 
752 

793 
661 

775 
641 
687 
739 
339 



688 
698 

734 
680 

794 
045 
782 
789 
705 
74S 

797 
772 
576? 
612 

5°5 
518 



791 
529 
838 
682 
669 

793 

750 

758 
820 

831 
863 
416 



52 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Berry, Sir John. Naval Commander 1635 . . 1691 

Bersmann, George. German Scholar. *536. • 161 1 

Bertaut, John. Bishop of Seez. Poet 1552. .1611 

Bertheau, Charles. French Protestant Divine 1660. .1732 

Berthet, John. Jesuit of Terascon. Poet and Writer. . 1622. .1692 

Berthier, Alexander. French Marshal *753- • 1815 

Berthier, Wm. Frs. Fr. Critic; Trans, of the Psalms.. . 1704. .1782 
Bertholet-Flemael, Bartholomew. Painter of Liege. . . 1614. .1675 

Bertholiet, Claude Louis, Count. Chemist 1748. . 1822 

Bertholon, Nich. de St. Lazare. Fr. Chem. Philosopher — . . 1 799 

Berthoud, Ferdinand. Swiss Chronometer-maker i7 2 7- .1807 

Berti, Alexander Pompey. (La Cacluta de' Decemviri) . . 1686. .1752 

Berti, John Lawrence. (De Disciplinis Theologieis) 1696.. 1766 

Bertie, Willoughby, Earl of Abingdon. Polit. and Satirist 1740. . 1799 
Bertier, Joseph Stephen, of Aix. (Physique des Cometes) 1710. .1783 

Bertier, Louis Alexander. Marshal of France 1753 . . 1815 

Bertin, Anth. Fr. Officer & Poet. ( Collection of Elegiacs) 17 52. .1790 
Bertin, Exupere Jos. Fr. Phys. and Anat. (Osteology).. 1712..1781 

Bertin, Louis Francis. French Journalist 1766. . 1841 

Bertin, Louis Mary Armand, son. Journalist 1801 . . 1854 

Bertin, Nicholas. French Historical Painter 1667. .1736 

Bertinazzi, Charles Anthony. Carlin. Comedian 1713- -1783 

Bertius, Peter. Dutch Geographer 1565 . . 1629 

Bertoli, John Dominic, of Aquileia. Antiquary 1676 aft. 1750 

Bertram. (De Corp. et Sang. Domini.) See Ratramnus. — aft. 868 

Bertram, Cornelius Bonaventure. Swiss Orientalist 1531 . .1594 

Bertrand., Henry Gratien, Ct. French General; Friend 

of Napoleon 1773- • 1844 

Bertrand, J. Bapt., of Marseilles. Medical "Writer 1670. .1752 

Bertrandi, John Ambrose Maria. Ital. Surgical Writer. 1723. .1765 
Berulle, Peter de. Cardinal. Founder of the Oratory. 

Life by G. Habert; Doni d'Attichi 1575 . .1629 

Bervic, Charles Clement Balvay. French Engraver .... 1756. .1822 
Berwick, Jas. Fitzjames, Duke of. Marshal of France. 

Life by self; Margon 1670. .1734 

Beryllus. Bishop of Bozra; refuted by Origen fl. 230? 

Berzelius, James, Baron. Swedish Chemist 1779- • 1848 

Besler, Basil. German Naturalist. (Hart. Egstettensis). 1561..1629 
Besler, Michael Robert. Med. Writer. (Gazophulacium) 1607.. 1661 
Besly, John, of Poictiers. (Hist, of the Bps. of Poictiers) 1572. .1644 
Besoigne, Jerome. Dr. of the Sorbonne. (Port-Royal). 1686.. 1763 

Besolde, Christopher, of Vienna. ( Ottoman Empire) 1572. . 1638 

Besplas, Joseph Mary Anne Gros de. French Preacher. 1734. .1783 

Bessarion, John, Cardinal. Life by Bandini, 1777 1395 . . 1472 

Besse, John de. French Medical Writer fl. 1702-23 

Bessel, Dr. Frederick William. Prussian Astronomer. . . 1784. . 1846 

Besset, or Bess£, Henry de. ( Campaigns of Rocroi) — . . 1693 

Bessieres, John Baptist. Marshal of France 1768 . . 1813 

Bestuschew, Alexander. Russian Novelist 1795?. 1837 

Betanos, Dominic. Spanish Missionary to S. America. . — . .1549 

Betham, Sir William. Antiquary and Genealogist 1779- -1853 

Betheneourt, James de. Physician at Rouen. (Nova 

Penitentialis Quadrigesima) fl. 1527 

Betnencourt, John de. Conqueror of Canary Islands . . — . . 1425 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 53 

BORN. DIED. 

Bethlen, Gabriel. Prince of Transylvania (K. of Hung.) 1580. .1629 
Bethune, Alexander. (Tales of the Scottish Peasantry). 1804.. 1841 

Bethune, George W. American Clergyman 1805 . . 1862 

Bethune, John, brother and colleague of Alexander 1810. .1839 

Bethune, John Elliot Drinkwater, afterwd. (L. of Galileo) 1801. .1851 
Bethune, John Drinkwater, afterward. Colonel. (Siege 

of Gibraltar) i762 ? . 1844 

Bethune, Philip de. French Ambassador 1561?. 1649 

Betterton, Thomas. Shakespearian Actor 1635 . .1710 

Bettinelli, Xavier, of Mantua. Jesuit; Writer 1718..1808 

Bettini, Dominic. Italian Painter 1644. .1705 

Betuleius, Sixtus. Grammarian, Latin Poet, and Philos. 1500. .1554 

Betussi, Joseph. Italian Poet of Bassano — aft. 1565 

Beuf, John Le. French Antiquary. (History of Paris). . 1687. .1760 

Beurmaim, Maurice von. African Explorer — . . 1863 

Beurs, William. Dutch Painter 1656. . 1690? 

Bever, Dr. Thos. Civilian. (Legal Polity of the Romans) 1725 . .1791 
Beveridge, William. Bishop of St. Asaph (1704-8). 

Life by Isaac Khnber 1638 . .1708 

Beverland, Adrian. Dutch Philologist 1653?. 1712 

Beverley, John of. Archbishop of York (688-722) — . . 722 

Beverly, Robert. American Author — . .1716 

Beverninek, Jerome van. Dutch Statesman 1614. . 1690 

Beverwick, John van. Beverovicius. Dutch Med. Writer 1594. -1647 

Bevm, El way. Musical Composer — aft. 1636 

Bewick, John. Artist. ( History of Quadrupeds) 1760. .1795 

Bewick, Thos., brother. Naturalist. (Fishes) L. by self 1753. .1828 

Bewly, William. Chemist and Natural Philosopher — . .1783 

Bexley, Nicholas Vansittart, Lord. Statesman 1766. .1851 

Bexon, Gabr. Leop. Chas. Airne\ French Naturalist. . . . 1748. .1784 

Bexon, Scipio Jerome. French Jurist 1753. . 1825 

Beyer, or Beoer, Augustus. German Historian and Critic 1707. .1741 
Beyle, Mary Henry. French Novelist, Poet, Politician. . 1783. . 1842 

Beys, Charles de. French Poet 1610. . 1659 

Beysser, John Michael. French Gen. at the Revolution. 1734. .1794 
Beza, Theodore. Reformer. L. by Noel Taillepied, 1577 ; 

Bolsec, 1582; Lainge; La Faye, 1606; Solomeau, 

1610; Vega, 1646; Ziegenbein, 1789 ; Schlosser, 1809 ; 

Baum, 1843 1519- .1605 

Beziers, Michael. Historical and Antiquarian Writer. . . 1719. .1782 

Bezout, Stephen. French Mathematician 1730. .1783 

Bhering, Vitus. Danish Navigator i68o ? . 1741 

Bianeani, Joseph. Jesuit and Mathemat. of Bologna 1566. . 1624 

Bianchi, Francis. II Fran. Historical Painter *447- .1510 

Bianchi, John. Janus Blancus. Phys., Anat., and Nat. 1693. .1775 
Bianchi, J. Bapt. Ital. Med. Writer. (Hist. Hepatica). . 1681..1761 

Bianchi, Peter. Painter , 1694. .1740? 

Bianchini, Francis, of Verona. Philosoph. and Math.. . 1662. .1729 
Bianchini, John Fortunatus. Med. Writer at Padua. . . 1720. .1779 
Biancolelli, Peter Francis. Dominique. Fr. Dramatist. 1681..1734 

Biard, Peter. French Sculptor and Architect 1559. . 1609 

Bibbiena, Bernard da. Cardinal. (La Calandra) i47°- .1520 

Bibiena, Ferdinand Galli. Painter and Architect 1657 . 1741 or 3 

Bibliander, Theodore. Protestant Divine x 5°4- • ^64 



54 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 



BORN. DIED. 

Bicliat, Mar} r Francis Xavier. French Medical Writer. . 1771 . . 1802 

Biekerstaff, Isaac. Dramatist 1735 ? aft 

Bickersteth, Rev. Edw., of Watton. L. by Birks, 1851. 1786 
Bickersteth, Henry, Lord Langdale. Master of the 

Rolls. Life by T. D. Hardy 1783 

Bicknell, Elhanan. Art Collector — 

Biddle, James. American Naval Commander 1783 

Biddle, John. Socinian Writer. Life by John Farring- • 

ton, 1682 ; Joshua Toulmin, 1815 1615 

Biddle, Nicholas. American Naval Commander 1750 

Biddle, Nicholas. American Financier 1786 

Biddulph, Rev. Thomas Tregenna, of Bristol. Divine. . 1763 

Bidlake, Dr. John. Divine and Poet 1755 

Bidloo, Godfrey. Dutch Anatomist 1649 

Bie, Adrian de. Flemish Artist 1594 

Biel, John Christian, of Brunswick. (Lexicon to the LXX. / 1687 

Biela, William, Baron von. Astronomer 1782 

Bielefield, C. F. Modeler in Papier-mache" 1803 

Bielfield, James Frederick, Baron de. (Political Institut.) 171 7 

Bienaise, John. French Surgical Operator 1601 

Biesius, Nicholas. Flemish Medical Writer 1516 

Biezelingen, Christian John van. Dutch Portrait Painter 1558 

Birield, Nicholas, of Chester and Isleworth. Divine 15 78 

Bigland, John. Writer 1750 

Bigne, or Yigne, Gaces de la. (Roman des Oiseaux) 1428 

Bigne, Marguerin de la. (Bibliotheca Patrnm) 1546 

Bignicourt, Simon de. (Pensees et Reflections) 1709 

Bignon, Jerome. Fr. Schol. & Writ. L. by Perrault, 1757 1590 
Bignon, Louis Peter Edw. Fr. Statesman and Diplom. . . 1771 
Bigot, Emery. French Scholar; Promoter of Learning. . 1626 
Bilderdijk, or Bilderdyk, Wm. Dutch Writer and Trans. 1756 
Bilfinger, George Bernard. (Dilucidationes Philosoph.) . 1693 

Bilguer, John Ulric. Swiss Surgical Writer 1720 

Billaud-Varenne, John Nicholas. French Revolutionist 1756 

Billaut, Adam. Maitre. Adam. French Poet 1602 

Billaut, Augustus Adolphus Mary. French Statesman . . 1805 
Billi, James de. Trans, of Fathers. L. by Chatard, 1582 1535 
Billi, James de, of Compiegne. ( Opus Astronomicon) . . . . 1602 

B illin g, Sigismond. French Politician 1773 

Billingsley, Sir Henry. Lord Mayor; Mathematician . . — 

BOlington, Elizabeth. Vocalist 1770 

Bilson, Thomas. Bishop of Winchester 1536 

Bingham, Rev. Joseph. ( Origines Ecclesiastics) 1668 

Bingham, Peregrine. Legal Writer 1788 

Bingley. Dutch Actor 1 755 

Bingley, Rev. William C Naturalist. (Animal Biography) — 
Bink, or Binck, Jacob. German Engraver and Painter. . 1500 
Binney, Amos. American Patron of Art and Science . . . 1803 
Bioernstahl, or Biornstahl, James Jonas. Swedish Trav. 1731 

Bion, of Smyrna. Greek Bucolic Poet fl. 280B.C 

Bion, Nicholas. Fr. Mathematician. ( Use of the Globes) 1652 
Biondi, John Francis. ( Civil Wars of York $ Lancaster) 1572 
Bion do, or Blondus, Michael Angelo. Ital. Med. Writer. . 1497 
Biondo, or Blondus, Flavius. Italian Antiq. and Historian 1388 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 55 

BORN. DIED. 

Biornstahl, James Jonas. Swedish Traveler 1731 . . 1779 

Biot, Edward Constant. French Chinese Scholar 1803. .1850 

Biot, J. Bapt. French Mathemat. and Nat. Philosopher. 1774. . 1S62 

Birague, Clement. Spanish Engraver on Gems fl. 1550? 

Birague, Rene de. Cardinal. French Politician 1507. .1583 

Birch, Rev. Thomas, d. d. Hist, and Biograph. "Writer. 1705. .1766 

Bird, Edward, R. A. Painter I77 2 - • 1819 

Bird, Golding. Surgeon 1815. .1854 

Bird, John. Mathematical Instrument Maker i7°9- -1776 

Bird, William. Sacred Composer 1540?. 1623 

Biren, or Biron, John Ernest de, Puke of Courland. 

Russian Statesman 1690. .1772 

Biringuccio, Vannucci. Ital. Mathemat. (Pirotecnia) fl. 1530? 

Birinus. Bishop of Dorchester — . . 648 

Birkbeck, George, M. D. Promoter of Mechanics' Instit. 1776. .1841 

Birkenhead, Sir John. Royalist Political Writer., 1615. .1679 

Birney, James G. American Politician I79 2 - .1857 

Biron, A. L. de Gonteau, Due de Lauzun. Fr. Politician 1747. .1793 
Biron, Armand de Gontaut, Baron de. Marsh, of France 1524?. 1592 
Biron, Chas. de Gontaut, Due de. Ambass., Adm., Marsh. 1562. .1602 

Biron, or Biren, John Ernest de. See Biren 1690. .1772 

Biseaino, Dominic. Italian Painter and Engraver 1632. .1657 

Bischop, or Biskop, Cornelius van. Painter 1630. . 1674 

Bisehop, or Biskop, John van. Designer and Engraver 1646. .1686 

Biscoe, Richard. Divine — . .1743 

Biseop, Benedict. Abbot of Wearmouth 629?. 690 

Biset, Chas. Emanuel. Paint, of Hist, and Conversations 1633 — 

Bishop, George. Astronomer — . . 1861 

Bishop, Sir Henry Rowley. Musical Composer 1780. .1855 

Bishop, Samuel. Poet 1731 . .1795 

Bisi, Bonaventure. Miniature Painter and Engraver. . . . 1612. .1662 
Bisset, Charles, m. d. Phys. and Writ, on Fortification . 1716..1791 

Bisset, James. Artist and Humorist i75 2 - • 1832 

Bisset, Robt.,ix.D., of Chelsea. Hist. Writ. (L. of Burke) 1759?. 1805 

Bitaube, Paul Jeremiah. French Writer 1732. . 1808 

Bitzius, Albert. Swiss Author 1797- ■ 1854 

Bivar, Don Rodrigo Dias de. Spanish Hero. The Cid.. 1040?. 1099 
Bizot, Peter. Numismatist. (Hisl. Medal, de /' Bollande) 1630.. 1696 

Bizzari, Peter. Italian Poet and Historian fl. 1560 

Bizzelli, John. Historical and Portrait Painter 1556?. 1612 

Bjornstjerna, Magnus Fred. Ferdinand, Count. Swedish 

Statesman and Author 1779. • 1847 

Black, John. English Journalist and Classical Scholar . . 17S3. .1855 
Black, Joseph. Chemical Philosopher. {Latent Heat) . . 1728.. 1799 
Blackall, Offspring. Bishop of Exeter. Controversialist 1654. .1716 

Blackburn, William. Architect !75o- .1790 

Blackburne, Francis. Archdeacon. (Confessional).... 1705.. 1787 

Black-Hawk. Celebrated Indian Chief 1768?. 1838 

Blacklock, Thos., d. d. Poet. L. by Spence : H. Mackenzie 1721 . .1791 
Blackmore, Sir Richard, m. d. Physician and Poet .... 1650?. 1729 
Blackstone, John. Apothecary. (Specimen Botanicon) — --I753 
Blackstone, Sir William. Judge. ( Commentaries) Life 

by James Clitherow, 1780 1723 . .1780 

Blackwall, Rev. Anthony. (Sacred Classics Defended) . . — . .1730 



56 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Blackwell, Alexander. English Physician — . . 1 748 

Blackwell, Mrs. Elizabeth. {Herbal) fl. 1737 

Blackwell, Thomas. Classical Writer 1 701. .1757 

Blackwood, Adam. (Mat-tyre de Marie Stuart) 1539- • 1613 

Blackwood, Sir Henry. Admiral 1770. -1832 

Blackwood, Wm. Scot. Publisher. (Blackwood's Mag.) 1776. .1834 
Bladen, Martin. Lieut.-Colonel. Translator of Caesar. — ..1746 

Blaeuw, John. Geographer and Printer — . . 1680 

Blaeuw, Wm. Dutch Geog. & Print. ( Theatrum Mundi) 1571 . . 1638 

Blagden, Sir Charles. Experimental Philosopher 1748. . 1820 

Blagrave, John, of Reading. Mathemat. and Benefactor — ..1611 

Blagrave, Joseph, of Reading. Astrologer 1610. .1679 

Blainville, Henry Mary Ducrotay de. French Zoologist 1777. .1850 
Blair, Hugh, d. d., of Edinb. Scot Div. and Prof, of Rhet. 

( Sermons ; Lectures.) Life by Dr. Jas. Finlayson, 1801 1718. . 1800 

Blair, James. Missionary to Virginia — . .1743 

Blair, John. Prebendary of Westminster. (Chronology) — ..1782 
Blair, Patrick. Scottish Surgeon. (Anat. of the Elephant) — ..1728? 

Blair, Robert. Poet. (The Grave) 1699.. 1747 

Blake, John Bradley. Botanist and Naturalist in China. 1745. • I 773 

Blake, Robert. Admiral. Life bv W. H. Dixon 1599. . 1657 

Blake, Wm. Artist & Writ. L. by Alex. Gilchrist, 1863 1757. . 1827 
Blakeway, Rev. John Brickdale. (Hist, of Shrewsbury). . 1766?. 1826 

Blampini, Thomas. Editor of St. Augustine 1640 . . 1710 

Blanc de Guillet, Anthony le. French Writer 1730. .1799 

Blanc, Francis le. French Medalist — . . 1698 

Blanc, John Bernard le. (Letters on the English Nation) 1707. .1781 
Blanc, Louis le. Sieur de Beaulieu. ( Theses Theological) 1615. .1675 
Blanc, Louis le. Surgeon and Lithotomist at Orleans. . . fl. 1770 
Blanc, Thomas le. French Jesuit. (Analysis Psal/norum) 1599. .1669 
Blanc. See Le Blanc. 

Blancard, Stephen. Dutch Med. Writer. (Lexic. Medic.) fl. 1688 
Blanchard, Elias. Writer in Mem. de V Acad, des Inscr. 1672. .1755 
Blanchard, Francis. Fr. Jurist. (EJoges des Presidents) — ..1650 

Blanchard, Francis. French Aeronaut 1738. . 1809 

Blanchard, Madame, wife. Aeronaut — ..1819 

Blanchard, James. French Titian. Painter 1600. . 1638 

Blanchard, J. Bapt. Fr. Writer. ( Temple of the Muses) 1731 . .1797 
Blanchard, Laman. Period. Writ. L. by Sir B.Lytton, 1845 1803 . . 1845 
Blanchard, Wm. Fr. Advocate. (Chron. Compilation). . — ..1724 

Blanchard, William. Comedian 1770?. 1835 

Blanche de Bourbon. Wife of Peter the Cruel, of Cast. 1338. .1361 
Blanche of Castile. Queen of Louis VIII. of France. . . 1197. -1252 
Blanchet, Francis. Abbe. Fr. Writer. ( Varietes Morales) 1707. .1784 
Blanehet, Thomas. Historical and Portrait Painter ... . 161 7.. 1689 

Bland, Elizabeth. Hebraist — . .1720 

Bland, Rev. Robert. Poet & Class. Edit. (Lat. Verses) 1779. .1825 
Blandrata, George. Italian Physician and Arian Writer — ..1590? 
Blane, Sir Gilbert, m. d. (Elements of Medical Logic) . . 1749. .1834 

Blanken, John. Dutch Engineer 1755 . . — 

BlankorT, John Teunisz. Jan Maat. Flem. Marine Paint. 1628. .1670 
Blanqui, Jerome Adolphe. French Political Economist. 1798.. 1854 

Blase. Saint and Martyr — . . 316? 

Blaurer, Ambrose. Lutheran Div. in France and Germ. 1492. .1568 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 57 

BORN. DIED. 

Blayney, Benjamin, d. d. Hebrew Critic — . . 1801 

Bledri. Bp. of Llandaff; Sehol. and Patron of Learning — . . 1023 

Bleeck, Peter van. Dutch Painter 1700?. 1764 

Bleeker, Ann Eliza. American Author 1752. .1783 

Bleeker, Anthony. American Miscellaneous Writer — . . 1827 

Blegny, Nicholas. French Medical Writer 1652. .1722 

Bleiswiek, Peter van. Gd. Pensionary. (De Aggeribus) 1724. .1790 

Bless, Henry. Painter 1480. .1550 

Blessington, Marg. Power, Css. of. L. by Dr. Madden , 1853 1 789 . . 1 849 
Bletfcerie, John Philip Rene* de la. Abbe\ Hist. Writer — ..177 2 
Bligh, William. Admiral. Captain of the " Bounty " . . 1753. . 1817 

Blizard, Sir William. Surgeon and Anatomist i743- • ^35 

Bloch, Marcus Eliezer. Phys. and Natural. (Ichthyology) 1723. .1799 

Block, Benjamin. Portrait Painter 1631 . . — 

Block, Daniel. Pomeranian Portrait Painter 1580. . 1661 

Block, Joanna Koerten. Dutch Artist 1650. .1715 

Blockland, Anthony de Montfort. Painter 1 53 2 - • 1583 

Bloemaert, Abraham. Dutch Painter 1567. . 1647 

Bloemaert, Cornelius, son. Engraver 1603 . . 1680 

Bloemen, John Francis van. Painter 1656 . .1740 

Bloemen, Norbert van. Painter 1672. . — 

Bloemen, Peter van. Painter fl. 1699 

Blois, Peter of. Petrus Blesensis. Writer ii2o ? . 1200? 

Blomefield, Eev. Francis. Topographer 1705 . . 1751 

Blomfield, Chas. Jas. Bp. Lond. L.by A. Blomfield, 1863 1786. .1857 

Blom field, Edward Valentine. Grammarian 1788. . 1816 

Blond, James Christopher le. Miniature Painter 1670. . 1741 

Blondel, David. French Protestant. ( On the Eucharist) 1591. .1655 
Blondel, Francis. Fr. Diplomatist and Military Engineer 1617. .1686 

Blondel, Francis. French Medical Writer at Paris 1613. . 1682 

Blondel, Jas. Francis. Fr. Architect. ( Civil Architecture) 1705 . . 1774 
Blondel, Peter James. Fr. Divine. (Truth of Christianity) 1674.. 1730 

Blondin, Peter. French Botanist 1682. .1713 

Blondus, or Biondo, Flavins. Antiq. (Roma Instaurata) 1388. .1463 
Blondus, or Biondo, Michael Angelo. Medical Writer. . . 1497. .1560? 

Blood, Thomas. Colonel. Adventurer 1628? . 1680 

Bloomfield, Robert. Pastoral Poet. (Farmer's Boy). . . 1766. .1823 

Bloot, Peter. Flemish Painter . . . — . . 1667 

Blosius, or De Blois, Francis Louis. (Speculum Religo- 

sorum) 1506. 1563 or 6 

Blount, Charles, Earl of Devon 1563 . . 1606 

Blount, Charles. Deistical Writer 1654. . 1693 

Blount, Sir Henry. Traveler and Writer 1602. . 1682 

Blount, Thomas. Miscellaneous Writer. (Boscobel). . . . 1618..1679 
Blount, Sir Thos. Pope. ( Censura Celebrium Auctorum) 1649. .1697 

Blow, Dr. John. Musical Composer 1648. .1708 

Blucher, Marshal. Life bv Foerster, 1821 ; Varnhagen, 
1827 ; Wallenrodt, 1832"; Rauschniek, 1835 ; Burck- 

hardt, 1835; Kossarski, 1842; Pischou, 1842 1742. .1819 

Blum, Joachim Christian. German Poet 1739- -1790 

Blum, Robert. German Publicist 1807. . 1848 

Blumauer, Louis. Ger. Poet. ( Travesty of the ^Eneid) 1755 . .1798 

Blumenbach, John Frederick. Naturalist 1752. . 1840 

Blundeville, Thomas. Mathematician fl. 1594 



58 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Blunt, Rev. Henry, of Chelsea. {Sermons) i/94- -1843 

Blunt, Prof. J. J., of Cambridge. L. in Qu. Rev. No. 207 — . . 1855 
Bluteau, Raphael. Fr. Div. in Port. {Port. $ Lot. Diet.) 1638. .1734 

Boaden, James. Dramatist and Critic 1762 . . 1839 

Boadicea. British Queen — . . 62 

Boacdman, George D. American Missionary 1801 . . 1831 

Bobart, James. German Botanist at Oxford 1598? . 1679 

Bob art, James, son. Botanist at Oxford — aft. 1713 

Bobrov, Semen Sergaievitch. Russian Poet — ..1810 

Boccaccino, Camillus. Italian Painter 1511 . 4546 

Boccaccio, John. Italian Poet. Life by Betussi ; G. B. 

Baldelli, 1806 1313. . 1375 

Boccage, Maria Anne le Page du. French Poetess 1710. . 1802 

Boccalini, Trajan. Ital. Satirist. (Ragguaglidi Parnaso) 1556.. 1613 
Boccamazza, Angelus. Bp. of Catania. (Brevis Chronica) — ..1296 
Boccherini, Louis. Composer of Instrumental Music. . . 1740. .1805 

Boceiardo, Clement. Ckmtntone. Painter 1620. .1658 

Boccold, or Bockholdt, or Beukels. See John of Leyden 1510? .1536 

Boecone, Paul. Italian Naturalist ^33- -1704 

Boch, or Bochius, John. The Belgic Virgil. 1555 . . 1609 

Bochart, Samuel. Orientalist. (Geographia Sacra). . . . 1599. .1667 
Bochel, or Bouchel, Lawrence. Fr. Writ, in Law & Hist. 1559 . . 1629 

Bock, or Le Boucq, Jerome. German Naturalist 1498 . .1553 

Bockhorst, John van. Flemish Painter. Langhen Jan. i6io ? . — 

Bockhorst, John vun. Dutch Painter in London 1661 . .1724 

Boequillot, Lazarus Andrew. French Divine 1649. .1728 

Bocska, Robt. Nich. Chas. Fr. Harpist and Composer . . 1789. .1856 

Bode, Christopher Augustus. German Orientalist 1722. .1796 

Bode, John Ehlert. Astronomer 1747- .1826 

Bodekker, John Francis. Dutch Portrait Painter 1660. .1727 

Bodenstein, Adam. German Medical Writer 1528. .1577 

Bodin, John. French Political Writer. (De Republica). 1530. .1596 
Bodley, Sir Thos. Found, of Librarv. L. by Hearne, 1703 1544. .1612 

Bodmer, John Jacob. German Poet 1698. .1783 

Bodoni, John Baptist. Italian Printer 1740. .1813 

Bodson, Joseph. French Engraver 1768 . . — 

Boece, or Boethius, Hector. Scottish Historian 1470?. 1536 

Boeckel, or Bockelius, John. Med. Writer at Hamburg. 1535 . . 1605 

Boeder, John Henry. German Philologist 1611 . . 1692 

Boehm, or Boehme, Jacob, of Gorlitz. Visionarv. (Aiir- 

rora.) Life by Frankenberg, 1651, tr. by Okelv, 1780 1575. .1624 

Boehmer, John Frederick. German Historian. . .' 1795 .. 1863 

Boehmer, Philip Adolphus. German Anatomist 1717. .1789 

Boel, Peter. Dutch Painter 1625 . . 16S0 

Boerhaave, Abraham Kaan. Dut. Med. Writ, at Petersbg. 1 715 . . 1753 
Boerhaave, Herman. Physician. Life bv Dr. William 

Burton, 1746 ; Dr. Johnson 1668 . . 1732 

Boerne, or Borne, Louis. Ger.Polit. Writ. L. by Gutzkow 17S6. .1837 
Boethius. Roman Senator. (De Consolatione.) Life bv 

N. Gervaise 47Q ? : 534 

Boethius, or Boece, Hector. Scottish Historian. 1470? .1536 

Boetie, Stephen de la. Fr. Repub. Writ. {Le Contr' Un) 1530. .T563 
Boetius, or Boot, Gerard. Dut. Phvs. (Philos. Naturalis) 1604. .1653 
Boettcher, John Fred. Alchemist and Porcelain-maker. 1681 . . 1719 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 59 

BORN. DIED. 

Boettiger, Charles Augustus. German Archaeologist 1760. .1835 

Bofxrand, Germain. French Architect 1667. .1754 

Bogaert, Martin van den. Desjardins. Dutch Sculptor 1640. .1694 
Bogan, Zachary. Divine and Antiquary. {Help to Prayer) 1625 . . 1659 
Bogatzky, Chas. Henry. Ger. Theol. {Golden Treasury) 1690?. 1774 
Bcgdanovitch, Hippolytus. Russian Scholar & Diploni. 1743. • I 8o3 
Bogermann, John. Dutch Contra-Remonstrant Divine. 1576. .1637 
Bogue, David, of Gosport. Dissenting Divine. Life by 

Dr. James Bennett 1750. .1825 

Bohadin. Arabian Writer. {Life of Saladin) 1145 . . 1235 

Bohemond, Mark, Prince of Antioch. Crusader — ..1111 

Bohlen, Peter von. Orientalist. {Das Alte Indien.) 

Life by self. 1796. . 1840 

Bo rimer, John Frederick, of Frankfort. Historian 1795 • • ^63 

Bonn, John, of Leipsic. Physician and Chemist. {De 

Officio Medici) 1640. .1718 

Bohun, Edmund. Miscellaneous Writer — aft. 1700 

Boiardo, Matthew Maria. Italian Poet. See Bojardo. . . 1434?. 1494 

Boichot, William. French Sculptor 1738. . 1814 

Boieldieu, Adrian Francis. French Musical Composer. . 1775.. 1834 
Boigne, Bened. le Borgne, Count de. Soldier of fortune 1741. .1830 
Boileau, Charles. Abbe of Beaulieu. Court Preacher . . — ..1704 

Boileau, James. Ecclesiastical Historian 1635 . .1716 

Boileau, John James. {Letters on Morality and Devotion) 1649. .1735 
Boileau-Despreaux, Nicholas. Poet, Satirist, Critic. 

Life by Desmaizeaux, 1712 1636. .1711 

Boilly, Louis Leopold. French Painter 1761 . . 1830? 

Boindin, Nicholas. French Atheist and Writer 1676. .1751 

Bois, Gerard du. Fr. Writ. {Hist, of the Church of Paris) 1629. .1696 
Bois, John du. French Monk, Soldier, and Preacher. . . — . .1626 

Bois, Boys, or Boyse, John. Translator of Bible 1560. .1643 

Bois de la Pierre, Louisa Maiy du. Poet. & Hist. Writer 1663? .1730 
Bois, Du. See Dubois. 

Boismont. French Preacher 1715 . .1786 

Boismorand, Claude Joseph Cheron de. French Writer i68o ? .i74o 

Boisrobert, Francis le Metel de. Writer and Wit 1592. . 1662 

Boissard, John James. French Antiquary. {Icones). . . . 1528.. 1602 
Boisseree, Sulpicius. German Collector of Paintings. . . 1783. .1854 
Boissiere, Jos. de la Fontaine de la, of Dieppe. {Sennons) — ..1732 
Boissieu, Barthol. Camillus de. Fr. Medical Writer. . . . 1734. .1770 
Boissy d'Anglas, Frs. Anthony, Ct. de. Polit. and Writ. 1756. .1826 

Boissy, Louis de. French Dramatic Writer 1694. .1758 

Boiste, Peter Claude Victoire. {Diet, de Geographie). . . 1765. .1824 
Boivin, Francis de, Baron de Villars. {Wars of Piedmont) — . .1618 
Boivin de Villeneuve, John. Greek Scholar and Poet 1663. .1726 

Boivin, Louis. French Scholar ^49 . .1724 

Boizot, Louis Simon. French Sculptor 1743- • I ^°9 

Bojardo, Matthew Maria. ( Orlando Innamorato) , 1434?. 1494 

Bol, Ferdinand. Dutch Painter 161 1 . 1681 or 6 

Bol, John. Dutch Painter 1534- -1583 

Bolanger, John. Historical Painter 1606. . 1660 

Bold, Samuel. {Plea for Moderation towards Dissenters) . — --I737 
Boleslausl. 1st King of Poland (992-1025). The Great — . .1025? 
Boleslaus II. (1058-81.) The Bold 1042 . . 1090? 



60 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DEED. 

Boleyn, Anne. Queen of Henry VIII. Life by George 

Wayt, 1818 ; Miss Benger, 1821 1507 or 1 . 1536 

Boleyn, George, Lord Rochfbrt, brother. Poetical Writer — . .1536 
Bolingbroke, Henry St. John, First Visct. Statesman 

and Political Writer. L. by Mallet, 1754 ; St. Lambert, 

1796; G. H. Cooke, 1835;* Thomas Macknight, 1863. 1678. .1751 
Bolivar, Simon. Liberator of Spanish Colonies of South 

America 1783. .1830 

Bollan, William. American Political Writer and Agent. — ••1776 

Bollandus, John. Jesuit. (Lives of the Saints) x 596. . 1665 

Bologna, John of. Flem. Sculpt, and Architect in Italy. 1524. .1608 

Boiognese. Painter. See Grimaldi 1606. . 1680 

Bolsec, Jerome Hermes. Anti-Protestant Writer — . .1585 

Bolswert, Boetius Adam. Flemish Engraver fl. ab. 1620 

Bolswert, Scheldt, brother. Flemish Engraver 1586. . — 

Bolton, Edmund. Antiquary. (Life of Henry II.). .. . fl. 1624 
Bolton, Robert. Puritan Divine. (Four Last Things.) 

Life by Edward Bagshaw, 1633 1572. . 1631 

Bolton, Robert. Dean of Carlisle. Divine 1697 . .1763 

Bolts, William. Merchant, East I. Co. Writer on India 1740 
Bolzani, Urbano Valeriano. Greek Scholar in Italy. . . . 1440 

"Bombelli, Raphael. Algebraist fl. 

Bombelli, Sebastian, of Bologna. Hist. & Portr. Paint. 1635 

Bomberg, Daniel. Dutch Printer — 

Bon, John le. Fr. Med. Writer. (Therapeia Puerorum) fl. 

Bona, John. Cardinal. Devotional Writer 1609 

Bona, John de. Medical Writer at Padua 1712 

Bonac, John Louis d'Usson, Marquis de. Diplomatist. . 1672 
Bonacciolus, Louis. Med. Writer. (Enneas Muliebris) fl. 

Bonacossus, Hercules, of Ferrara. Medical Writer — 

Bonamy, Peter Nich. Writ, in Mem. de V Acad, des Inscr. 1694 
Bonanni, James. Syracusan Noble. (Syracusa lllustrata) — 
Bonanni, Philip, of" Rome. Hist. (Medals of the Popes) 1638 
Bonaparte, Caroline Maria Annunciata, wife of Murat, 

sister of Napoleon 1 1 782 

Bonaparte, Charles, of Corsica, father of Napoleon I. . . . 1744 
Bonaparte, Charles Lucien, Prince of Canino. Writer on 

Natural Philosophy, &c 1803 

Bonaparte, Jerome. "King of Westphalia (1807-13) . .'. . 1784 

Bonaparte, Joseph, King of Naples and Spain 1768 

Bonaparte, Louis Napoleon, King of Holland 1778 

Bonaparte, Lucien, Prince of Canino. Poetical Writer. 

( Charlemagne.) Life by self, 1836 1775 

Bonaparte, Maria Anne Eliza, sister of Napoleon I., wife 

of Felix Bacciochi, Princess Piombino 1777 

Bonaparte, Maria Letitia. Mother of Napoleon 1 1750 

Bonaparte, Maria Pauline, Prss. Borghese, sist. of Nap.. 1780 
Bonaparte, Napoleon I. Emperor. L. by Bourrienne; 

Constant; Fleury deChaboulon; Norvius; St. Hilaire; 

Vieusieux; Savary, Due de Rovigo; Segur, 1812; 

Wm. Burdon; Sir W. Scott; J. G. Lockhart, 1829; 

W. Hazlitt, 1836 ; Michaud, 1811 ; Corresp. with Jos. 

Bonaparte, 1855, 8vo; Correspondance, publiee par 

ord. de Nap. III. 1858, &c; J. S. C. Abbott, 1861. . . 1769. .1821 



1524 
572? 

1685 

J 549 
57i ■ 

1674 

1738 

5°3 
1578 
1770 
1636 
1725 

1839 
1785 

1857 
i860 
1844 
1846 



1820 
1836 
1825 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 61 

BORN. DIED. 

Bonaparte, Nap. Francis Chas. Jos., Duke of Reichstadt. 

King of Rome; Napoleon II. Son of Napoleon I. . . . 1811 . .1832 
Bonardi, J. Bapt. {Diet, of Anon, and Pseudon. Writers) — ••1756 
Bonarelli, Guy Ubaldo. Italian Poet. {Filli di Sciro). . 1563.. 1608 
Bonasoni, Julius. Bolognese Painter and Engraver . . 1498^.1571 
Bonaventure, St. Card. L. by Boule, 1747; Fessler, 1807 1221. .1274 
Bonaventure, of Padua. Cardinal; Friend of Petrarch . 1332. .1388 
Bonehamp, Chas. Melch. Arthur de. Vendean RoyaUst. 1759- • I 793 

Bond, George Phillips. American Astronomer 1825 . .1865 

Bond, John, of Taunton. Phys. and Classical Annotator 1550. . 1612 

Bond, Oliver. Irish Rebel of 1797-98 1 720 . . 1 798 

Bond, William Cranch. American Astronomer 1789- • 1 &59 

Bondi, Clement. Italian Poet i74 2 - - l821 

Bone, Henry, k. a. Painter in Enamel 1755 • • l8 34 

Boneeueil, Joseph Duranti de. Translator of the Fathers 1663?. 1756 

Boner, Ulrich. German Fabulist. {Der Edelstein) fl. 14th c. 

Bonet, or Bonnet, Theopbilus. Medical Writer 1620. . 1689 

Bonfadio, James. Italian Letter Writer and Poet. {An- 
nals of Genoa) — . . 155° 

Bonfini, Anthony. {History of Hungary) i4 2 7> - 1502 

Bongars, James. French Scholar and Negotiator.. J546. . 1612 

Bonichon, Francis, of Angers. {Ponipa Episcopalis) . . . . — ..1662 
Boniface, Hyacinthe, of Aix. Compiler of Decrees of 

Parliament of Provence 1612. . 1695 

Boniface, St. Winifvid. Apostle of Germanv. Life by 
Willibald ; Geissler, 1796 ; Loeffler, 1812 ; Schmerbauch, 
1827; PfafT, 1835 ; Waitzmann, 1840; Seiters, 1845. . . 680?. 755 

Boniface I. Pope (418-22). Saint — . . 422 

Boniface II. (530-32) — . . 532 

Boniface III. (606) — . . 606 

Boniface IV. (607-15.) Saint — . . 615 

Boniface V. (617-25) — • • 625 

Boniface VI. (896) — • • 896 

Boniface VII. Anti-Pope (984-85). Francon — . . 985 

Boniface VIH. Pope (1294-1303). Benedict Cajetan. 

Life by Rubeis, 1651 ; Luigi Tosti, 1846 1228 . . 1303 

Boniface IX. (1389-1404.) Peter Thomacelli — . . 1404 

Bonifacio, Balthasar. Venetian Historical Writer 1584?. 1659 

Bonafacio, Venetiano. Italian Painter . . . .' 1491 . . 1553 

Bonifaeius. Roman General. Governor of Africa — .. 432 

Bonifonius, or Bonnefons, John. French Latin Poet . . . 1554. .1614 

Bonington, Richard Parkes. Artist 1801 . '. 1828 

Bonjour, Wm. Fr. Missionary to China and Bibl. Writ. 1670. .1714 
Bonnecorse. French Consul in Egypt. Poetical Writer — ..1706 

Bonnefons, John. French Latin Poet T 554- • ^14 

Bonnefoy, or Bonfidius, Edm. Writer on Oriental Law 1536. .1574 
Bonnell, James. Accountant-General of Leland. Life 

by Hamilton, 1707 1653. .1699 

Bonner, Edmund. Bp. of London (1540-69). Persecutor 1500?. 1569 

Bonnet, Charles. Naturalist of Geneva 1720. .1793 

Bonnet, or Bonet, Theophilus, of Geneva. Med. Writer. 1620. .1689 
Bonneval, Claude Alexander, Count de. Achmet Pasha. 
French Militarv Adventurer. Life by self (spurious), 
1755; De Ligne, 1817 1675. .1747 



62 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Bonneville, Nich. de. Fr. Polit. (Poesies Republicaines) 1760. . — 

Bonnivard, Francis de. Prisoner of Chillon 1496. .1570 

Bonnycastle, John. Mathematician — . . 1821 

Bonomi, Joseph. Italian Architect in England 1739. . 1808 

Bononcini, John. Opera Composer. Rival of Handel 1672^.1748 

Bonpland, Aime\ French Botanist 1773. • 1858 

Bonstettin, Charles Victor de. Swiss Author 1745 • • ^3 2 

Bontempi, Geo. Andr. Angelini, of Perugia. (Hist. Musica) 1630?. 1700? 
Bontems, Mary Jane. Translator of Thomson's Seasons . 1718. .1768 
Bontius, Gerard. Phys. atLeyden. Inv.ofPillulce Tartarce 1536?. 1599 
Bontius, Jas. Dut. Phys. in East. (De Medicina Indomm) — ..1623 
Bonvicino, Alex. // Moretto. Hist, and Portrait Painter 1514. .1564 

Boodt, Anselm Boece von. Writer on Gems — . . 1634? 

Booker, John. Astrologer 1601 . . 1667 

Booker, Rev. Luke, ll. d. Writer 1762. . 1835 

Boone, Daniel. Dutch Painter — . . 1698 

Boone, Daniel. American Explorer and Colonizer 1735. • J ^ 2 ° 

Boonen, Arnold. Dutch Portrait Painter 1669. . 1729 

Boos, Martin. Ger. Theologian. Life by C. Bridges, 1836 1762. . 1825 

Boot, Arnold. Dutch Physician and Biblical Writer 1606. . 1653 

Booth, Barton. Tragic Actor 1681 . .1733 

Booth, Sir Felix. Promoter of Arctic Discovery 1775 . . 1850 

Booth, Henry, Earl of Warrington. Statesman 1651 . . 1694 

Booth, John Wilkes. Assassin of Abraham Lincoln .... — . . 1865 

Booth, Junius Brutus. Tragedian * 1796. . 1852 

Bora, Katharina von. Wife of Luther 1499 . .1552 

Borbonius, or Bourbon, Nich. Fr. Latin Poet. (Nugce) 1503. .1550 
Borda, John Charles. French Mathemat. and Astronomer 1733. • 1 799 

Borde, Andrew. (Madmen of Gotham) 1500?. 1549 

Borde, John Benjamin de la. French Historian 1 734. .1794 

Bordelon, Laurence. French Writer 1653. .1730 

Bordenave, Toussaint. French Physiologist 1728. .1782 

Bordeu, Anthony de. French Physician 1696. . — 

Bordeu, Francis de, son. Medical Writer !734- • — 

Bordeu, Theophilus de, brother. Medical Writer 1722. .1776 

Bordley, John Beale. American Agriculturist 1728. . 1824 

Bordone, Paris. Italian Painter I 5 I 3- -1588 

Borel, Peter. French Medical Writer 1620?. 1689 

Borelli, John Alphonso. Italian Philosopher and Mathe- 
matician. (De Motu Animalium) 1608 . . 1679 

Borgarucei, Prosper. Italian Medical Writer fl. 1567 

Borghese, Maria Pauline Bonaparte, Princess 1780. . 1825 

Borghesi, Paul Guidotto. Italian Painter and Poet. 

(Jerusalem Ruined) 1566?. 1626 

Borghini, RafTaelle. II Riposo. Florentine Poet — . . 1584 

Borghini, Vincent. Italian Scholar. (Discorsi) 1515 . .1580 

Borgia, Ca?sar. Life by Tomasi, 1655 ; Alex. Gordon, 1729 — .-1507 
Borgia, Francis. Gen." of the Jesuits. Life by Schott, 1596 15 10. . 1572 

Borgia, Lucrezia. Duchess of Ferrara — . .1523 

Borgia, Stephen. Cardinal. Virtuoso 1731 . .1804 

Borgiani, Horace. Roman Painter and Engraver 1630. .1681 

Borgo, Luca di. Pacioli. Italian Geometer — aft. 1509 



Borgognone, James Cortesi. Italian Painter 1621 

Borie Cambort, John. French Revolutionist 1770 



.1676 

.1805 



A BEIEF BIOGEAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 63 

BORN. DIED. 

Borlace, Edmund, m.i>. Writ, on Hist. & Antiq. of Ireland — ..1682 
Borlase, Rev. Henry. Founder of Plymouth Brethren. . — . . 1835 

Borlase, Rev. William. Antiquary 1696. .1772 

Born, Ignatius. Hungarian Mineralogist and Philologist 1742. .1791 
Borne, or Boerne, Louis. Ger. Polit. Writ. L. by Gutzkow 1786. . 1837 

Bornier, Philip de, of Montpellier. Writer on Law 1634 . .1711 

Borowlaski, Count. Polish Dwarf 1739?. 1837 

Borrel, John. Writer on Geometry — . . 1572 

Borri, Jos. Francis. Burrhus. Ital. Impostor and Empiric 1627.. 1695 
Borrichius, or Borch, Olaus. Danish Medical Writer. . . 1626. .1690 
Borromeo, Charles, St. Cardinal. Abp. of Milan. L. by 
Bimius, 1585 ; Magnago, 1587 ; Austin Valerio, 1588 ; 
Possevino, 1591; Boscape; Giussano, 1610; Withius, 
1611; Munoz, 1624; Godeau, 1648; Touron, 1761; 
Stolz, 1781; Olcese, 1817; Alb. Butler, 1835 ; Chene- 
vieres, 1840; Dragoni, 1844; Dieringer, 1846; Alex. 

Martin, 1847 1538. . 1584 

.1631 
.1667 
.1819 
.1581 
.1846 
.1679 
.1645 
.1724 
.1500 
.1742 
.1717 
.1507 
1714 
.1828 
.1692 
.1687 
.1544 
.1761 
.1811 
.1715 
.1676 
.1811 
.1606 
.1787 
.1629 
.1845 
600? 
.1676 
.1656 
.1678 
.1815 



Borromeo, Frederic. Cardinal. Archbishop of Milan. . 1564 

Borromini, Francis. Italian Architect 1599 

Borroni, Paul Michael Benedict. Italian Painter — 

Borthwick, David, of Lochhill. Lord Advocate — 

Bory de St. Vincent, J. Bapt. George Mary. Naturalist 1780 

Borzoni, Francis Maiy. Marine Painter 1625 

Borzoni, Lucian. Italian Historical and Portrait Painter 1590 
Bos, Charles Francis du. Theologian. {Life of Barillon) 1661 
Bos, or Bosche, Jerome. Dutch Painter and Engraver . . 1450 
Bos, John Baptist du. French Critical and Hist. Writer. 1670 

Bos, Lambert. Philologist 1670 

Bos, Louis Janssen, or John Louis, de. Painter — 

Bosc, Claude du. French Engraver in England fl. 

Bosc, Louis Augustus William. French Naturalist 1759 

Bose, Peter du. French Protestant Preacher 1623 

Boscager, John. French Jurist 1601 

Boscan Almogaver, John. Reformer of Spanish Poetry 1500 

Boscawen, Right Hon. Edward. Admiral 1711 

Boscawen, William. Writer and Poet 1752 

Bosch, Balthasar van den. Pa. of Portr. & Conversations 1675 

Bosch., Jacob van den. Dutch Painter of Still Life 1636 

Bosch., Jerome. Dutch Book Collector 1740 

Boseoli, Andrew. Italian Historical Painter 1553 

Boseovich, Roger Joseph. Mathematician 1711 

Bosio, Anthony. {Roma Sotteranea) — 

Bosio, Francis Joseph. French Sculptor 1769 

Bosio, James. {Hist, of the Order of St. Johnof Jerusalem) fl. ] 
Bosquet, Frs. Bp. of Montpellier. {Hist, of Gallican Ch.) 1605 
Bosschaert, Thos. Willebrord. Dutch Hist. & Portr. Pa. 1631 

Bosse, Abraham. French Engraver and Architect — 

Bossi, Joseph. Italian Painter and Poet 1777 

Bossi, Joseph Charles Aurelius, Baron de. Italian Poet 

and Diplomatist. ( Oromasia) 1758 

Bosso, Matthew. Italian Divine 1428 

Bossu, Rene le. Fr. Scholar and Critic. ( On Ejric Poetry) 1631 
Bossuet, James Benignus le. Bp. of Meaux. Life by 

Levesque de Burigny, 1761; Talbert, 1772; Charles 



.1823 
.1502 
.1680 



64 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 



BORN. DIED. 



Butler, 1812; Card, de Bausset, 1814; St. Prosper, 

1822; Caillot, 1825; Roy, 1840; Abbe Guettee, 1856.. 1627 

Bossut, Charles. Mathematician 1730 

Boston, Thomas. Scottish Divine. {Fourfold State) .. . 1676 
Boswell, Sir Alexander. Antiquarian and Song Writer . 1775 

Boswell, James. Biographer of Dr. Johnson 1740 

Boswell, James. Editor of Shakespeare 1779 

Botal, Leonard, of Asti. Botallus. Medical Writer fl. : 

Botelho, Xuno Alvarez de. Portuguese Viceroy in India — 
Botero, John. Jesuit Polit. Writer. (Ragione di Stato) . . 1540 

Botfleld, Beriah. Antiquary 1807 

Both, Andrew. Painter . . .". — 

Both, John, brother. Dutch Landscape Painter 1610 

Bothwell, James Hepburn, Earl of. Husband of Mary 

of Scotland. Life by Lobanov Rostofsky, 1856 — 

Bott, John de. French Architect 1670 

Botta, Charles Joseph William. Italian Historian, 1766 

Bottari, John Gaetano. Florentine Scholar 1689 

Bottcher, or Bottger, or Bottiger. See Boettcher 1681 

Botticelli, Alexander. Painter of Florence 1437 

Bottiger, Charles Augustus. See Boettiger 1760 

Bottoni, Albertus. Medical Writer — 

Bouchard, David. Governor of Perigord — 

Bouchardon, Edm. Fr. Sculpt. Life by Coixnt deCaylus 1698 
Bouchaud, Matthew Anthony. French Writer on Law. 1719 

Bouche, Honorius. ( History of Provence) 1598 

Bouehe, Martin. Engraver of Portraits fl. 

Bouchel, Lawrence. Bochelius. Fr. Jurist and Historian 1559 
Boucher d'Argis, Anthony Gaspard. Fr. Writer on Law 1708 

Boucher, Francis. French Painter 1704 

Boucher, John. Doctor of the Sorbonne. Fanatic 1548 

Boucher, Rev. Jonathan. Political Writer and Philologist 1738 

Bouchet, John, of Poictiers. (Annals of Aquitaine) 1476 

Bouchet, John du. French Genealogist 1599 

Bouchet, William. Judge, of Poitiers. (Serees) 1526 

Boucheul, John Joseph, of Dorat. Law Writer — 

Boucicault, Marshal. Life published by Theodore Gode- 

froy, 1820 ; De Pilham, 1697 1364 

Boudewyns, Michael. Phys. of Antwerp. ( Ventilabrum) — 

Boudier, Rene. French Scholar. (Roman History) 1634 

Boudinot, Elias. American Lawyer and Philanthropist. 1740 
Boudon, Henry Mary, of Evreux. Devotional Writer. . . 1624 

Boudot, John, of Paris. (Latin Dictionary) 1685 

Bouffiers, Louis Francis, Due de. Marshal of France . . . 1644 
Boufflers, Stanislaus, Chevalier de. French Emigrant . . 1737 

Bougainville, John Peter de. French Writer 1722 

Bougainville, Louis Anthony de. Geograph. Discoverer 1729 
Bougainville, M. D. F. French Navigator and Discoverer — 
Bougeant, Wm. Hyacinth. (Hist, of treaty of Westphalia) 1690 
Bougerel, Jos. ( Mem. pour VHistoire des Hommes Illustr. ) 1680 

Bouguer, Peter. French Mathematician 1698 

Bouhier, John. French Jurisconsult and Writer 1673 

Bouhours, Dominic. French Jesuit and Critic 1628 

Bouillard, James. French Engraver 1744 



1680 



55 



704 
814 

73 2 
822 

795 
822 

o- 

629 
617 
863 
656 
650 

576 

7 J S 
837 

775 
719 

5i5 
835 
596 
598 
762 



671 



629 
791 
770 
644 
804 

55° 
684 

606? 

706 

421 
681 

723 
821 

702 

754 
711 
815 

763 
811 
792 

743 
753 
758 
746 
702 
806 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 65 

BORN. DIED. 

Bouillart, Jas. Fr. Historian. (Hist.rfS.-Germ.-des-Pres.) 1649.. 1726 

Bouillaud, or Boulliaud, Ismael. Astronomer 1^05. .1694 

Bouille, Frs. Claude Amour, Mqs. de. ( Memoirs of Fr. Rev. ) 1 759 . . 1800 

Bouillet, John, of Montpellier. Medical Writer 1690. .1777 

Bouillon, Emanuel Theodosius 1644. .1715 

Bouillon, Godfrey de, Duke of Lorraine. First Christian K. 

of Jerusalem." Life by Prevault, 1833 ; Exeuvillez, 1842 io58 ? .iioo 
Bouilly, John Nicholas. French Dramatic Author. ..... 1763. . 1842 

Boulainvilliers, Henry de, Ct. de St. Saire. Historian. . 1658. . 1722 
Boulanger, Andrew. Petit Pere Andre. August. Preacher 1578'. 1657 
Boulanger, or Boullenger, Claude Frs. Felix. Fr. Scholar 1725 . .1758 

Boulanger, John. French Engraver 1607 . . 1680 

Boulanger, Nicholas Anthony. Fr. Math, and Engineer 1722. .1759 

Boulard, Anthony Maiy Hen'rv. French Savant 1754- .1825 

Boulay de lay Meurtne, A. J. C Fr. Orator and Writer 1761 . . 1840 
Boulay, Ca?sar Egasse du. {Hist. of the University of Paris) — ..1678 

Boulaye, Francis le Gouz de la. ' French Traveler i6io ? . 1669 

Boulduc, Giles Francis, son. Chemist 1675 . .1742 

Boulduc, Simon. French Chemist — . . 1729 

Boullenois, Louis. French Law Writer 1680. .1762 

Boullier, David Renaud. Dutch Theologian 1699. .1759 

Boullongne, Bon de. Painter 1649. .1717 

Boullongne, Louis de. The Flder. French Painter. . . . 1609. . 1674 

Boullongne, Louis de. The Younger, son. Painter 1654. .1733 

Boulter, Hugh. Archbishop of Armagh 1671 . .1742 

Boulton, Matthew. Engineer. Life, Birmingham, 1809 1728. .1809 
Bouquet, Martin. (Recueil des Historiens des Guides) . . . 1685. .1754 

Bourbon, Charles I., Fifth Duke of 1401 . . 1456 

Bourbon, Charles, Duke of. Constable of France. Life 

by Baudot de Juilly, 1696 1489. .1527 

Bourbon, Chas. de. Card. Abp. of Rouen. L. by Du Breul 1520. .1590 

Bourbon, John I., Fourth Duke of 1381 . . 1434 

Bourbon, John II., Sixth Duke of 1426?. 1488 

Bourbon, Louis L, Count de Clermont and First Duke of 1279. . 1341 

Bourbon, Louis II., Third Duke of I 373- .1410 

Bourbon, Nicholas. Gr. Scholar and Latin Poet. {Nugce) 1503.. 1550 
Bourbon, Nicholas. Nephew. Latin and Greek Poet .. 1574. .1644 
Bourchenu, John Peter Moret de. ( Hist, of Dauphine) . . 165 1 . . 1 730 

Bourehier, John, Lord Berners. Translator 1467?. 1532 

Bourchier, Thomas. Archbp. of Canterbury (1454-86) . — . .i486 
Bourdaloue, Louis. Jesuit Preacher. Life by Mad. de 
Prigny, 1705 ; Villenave, 1812 ; Labouderie, 1825 ; St. 

Amand, 1842 1632 . .1704 

Bourdeille, Claude de, Count de Montresor. (Memoirs). i6o8 ? .i6o3 
Bourdeilles, Feter de. Abbot of Brantome. ( Memoirs) . 1 527 '■ . 1614 

Bourdelot, John. French Critic — . . 1638 

Bourdelot, Peter Michon, Abbe. Med. Writer at Paris. 1610. .1685 
Bourdigne, Charles, of Angers. Poet. (Legende de Pi- 
erre Faifeu) — . .1545 

Bourdon, Aime\ French Anatomist 1638. .1706 

Bourdon de l'Oise, Francis Louis. French Revolutionist — -.1797 

Bourdon, Sebastian. French Painter 1616. . 1671 

Bourdot, Chas. Anthony. Advocate. (Coutumier General) 16S5..1735 

Bourgelat, Claude, of Berlin. Veterinarian Writer 1712?. 1779 

5 



C6 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Bourgeoise, Sir Francis. Painter 1756. ■ 1811 

Bourgeoise, Louisa. Boursier. Fr. Writer on Midwifery fl. i6oo ? 

562 
776 
811 
742 

593 
676 
680 

799 
846 



Bourges, Clemence de, of Lyons. Writer and Poetess 
Bourget, John. Benedictine. Hist, of Caen & Bee Abbeys 1 724 . . 
Bourgoing, John Francis, Baron de. Fr. Diplom. & Writ. 1748. . 
Bourguet, Louis. Fr. Prot. Refugee in Switzerland. Writer 1678. . 
BourguevUle, Charles de, of Caen. (History of Caen) . .,1504. . 

Bourguignon. French Painter. See Courtois 1621 . . 

Bourignon, Antoinette de la Porte. Mystic. L. by Poiret 1616 . . 
Bourlet de Vauxcelles, Simon Jerome. French Writer i734 ? . 
Eourmont, Louis A. V. de Ghaisne de. Marshal of France 1773. . 

Bourne, Hugh. Founder of Primitive Methodists 1772. . 

Bourne, Vincent. Latin Poet 1697? . 

Bourrierme, Louis Ant. Fauvelet de. {Life of Napoleon) 1769. . 
Boursault, Edmund. Fr. Dram, and Romance Writer . . 1638. . 
Boursier, Lawrence Francis. Fr. Theolog. and Metaphys. 1679. . 

Bourvalais, Paul Poisson. French Financier — 

Bousseau, James. Sculptor 1681 . . 

Bousset, Rene Drouardde, of Paris. Musical Composer. . 1703. . 

Boutaric, Francis de, of Toulouse. Law Writer 1672. . 

Boutauld, Michael. Jesuit of Paris ; Theologian 1607.. 

Bouteroue, Claude. Antiquary of Paris — 

Bouterwek, Frederick. ( Histoi'y of Spanish Literature) . . 1 766 . . 

Bouthrais, Raoul, of Chateaudun. Law Writer 1552?. 

Bouvart, Michael Philip I7i7» • 

Bouvet, Joachim. French Jesuit and Missionary — . . 

Boverius, Zacharias. (History of the Capuchins) 1568. . 

Bovette de Blemur, Jacqueline. Theological Writer. . 1618. . 

Bovey, Mrs. Catherine. Extolled by Steele 1669?. 

Bovillus, Charles. Mathematician fl. 1510-33 

Bovius, Thos. Zephirielem. Italian Empiric and Alchem. fl. 1590 

Bowdich, Thomas Edward. African Traveler i79°- • 1824 

Bowditch, Nathaniel. Amer. Writ, on Navig. and Math. 1793. • I ^38 

Bowdler, Miss Hannah. Poet and Writer 1754' • 1830 

Bowdler, Thomas, m. d. (Family Shakespeare) J 754- ■ ^25 

Bowdoin, James. American Statesman 1727. -1790 

Bowen, John. Bishop of Sierra Leone 181 5 . .1859 

Bower, Archibald. Ex-Jesuit. (Lives of Popes) 1686. . 1766 

Bowie, Rev. John. Writer on Span. Lit. Ed. of Cervantes 1725 . . 1788 

Bowles, Caroline. See Mrs. Southey 1787. . 1854 

Bowles, William Lisle. Canon. Poet. (Sonnets) 1762. . 1850 

Bowyer, William. Printer. Life by Nichols, 1782 1699. .1777 

Boxhorn, Mark Zuerius. Philologist, Historian, Antiq. . . 1612. . 1653 

Boyee, Dr. William. Musical Composer 1710. .1779 

Boyd, Henry. Poet. Translator of Dante — . . 1832 

Boyd, Hugh Stuart. Greek Scholar — . . 1848 

Boyd, Mark Alex. Scot. Writer. L. by Ld. Hailes, 1733 1562. . 1601 

Boyd, Robert, Lord. Regent of Scotland — . . 1470 

Boyd, Robert. Scottish Divine 1578. • 1627 

Boyd, Wni., Fourth E. of Kilmarnock. Jacobite. Beheaded 1704. .1746 

Boyd, Zachary. Scottish Divine. (Ziori's Flowers) — . . 1653 

Boydell, John. Lord Mayor. Art Publisher 1719- • 1804 

Boyer, Abel. Lexicographer and Miscellaneous Writer. . 1664. .1729 
Boyer, Alexis, Baron de. French Surgeon 1757 or 60 . 1833 



S52 
747 
834 
701 

749 
719 

740 
760 

733 

688 

680? 

828 

030 

7»7 

73 2 

638 

696 

726 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 67 

BORN. DIED. 

Boyer, J. Bapt. Nieh. Fr. Medical Writer on Contagion 1693. .1768 

Boyer, John Peter. President of Hayti 1776. . 1850 

Boyle, Charles, Fourth Earl of Orrery. (Epistles of Pha- 

laris.) (The Orrery called after him) .' 1676. .1731 

Boyle, John, Earl of Cork and Orrery. Writer on Swift; 

Translator of Pliny 1707. .1762 

Boyle, Richard. First and Great Earl of Cork. Statesman 1566. . 1643 
Boyle, Richard. Third Earl of Burlington, Fourth Earl of 

Cork. Pope's Epistle IV. dedicated to him 1695 . .1753 

Boyle, Hon. Robert. Philosopher. Founder of Lecture. 

Life by Thomas Birch, 1744 1627. . 1691 

Boyle, Roger, First Earl of Orrery. Royalist General, 

Statesman, Writer 1621 . . 1679 

Boylston, Zabdiel. American Physician 1684. .1766 

Boys, John, d. d. Dean of Canterbury. Divine. (Postils) 15 71. .1625 

Boys, Boyse, or Bois, John. Translator of the Bible 1560. .1643 

Boys, William. Antiquarian and Topographer 1735 . . 1803 

Boyse, Joseph. Dissenting Divine 1660. .1728? 

Boyse, Samuel. Poet. ( The Deity) ' 1708. .1749 

Boze, Claude Gros de. French Antiquary. (Medallic 

History of Louis XIV.) : . .* 1680. .1753 

Bozzaris, Mark. Greek Patriot 1789. . 1823 

Bozzasotra, Anthony. Medical Writer at Naples — . . 1557 

Braccio di Montone. Italian Soldier 1368. . 1424 

Bracciolini dell' Api, Francis. Italian Poet 1566. . 1645 

Bracciolini, Poggio. Reviver of Learning. Life by W. 

Shepherd, 1802 1380. .1459 

Brackenridge, Hugh Heniy. Amer. Miscellaneous Writ. 1748 . . 1S16 

Bracton, Henry de. Law Writer ti. Hen. III. 

Bradbury, Thomas, of Wakefield. Dissenting Preacher . 1677. . 1759 

Braddock, Edward. British General in America 1715?. 1755 

Bradford, Alden. American Writer 1765 . . 1843 

Bradford, John. Protestant Martyr — . .1555 

Bradford, John. Welsh Poet — . . 1780 

Bradford, William- Second Governor of Plymouth Colony 1589. . 1657 

Bradford, William. American Jurist and Writer ". 1755. .1795 

Bradick, Walter. Merchant of Lisbon. Poet. (Coheleth) — ..1794 

Bradley, James, d. d. Astronomer 1692. .1762 

Bradley, Richard, of Cambridge. Writer on Botany — . . 1732 

Bradshaw, George. (Railway Guide) — . .1853 

Bradshaw, Henry. Poet 1450?. 1508? 

Bradshaw, John. Regicide 1586. . 1659 

Bradshaw, William. Puritan Divine 1571 . . 1618 

Bradstreet, Anne. New England Poetess 1612. . 1672 

Bradstreet, John. English General in America — --I774 

Bradstreet, Simon. Colonial Gov. of Massachusetts . . . 1603. .1697 
Bradwardine, Thos. Abp. of Canterbury. (De Causa Dei) — -.1349 

Brady, Nicholas, d. d. Versifier of the' Psalms 1659. .1726 

Brady, Robert. Physician and Historian — . .1700 

Braham, John. Singer. (Death of Nelson) 1774- .1831 

Brahe, Tvcho. Astronomer Life bv Gassendi, 1654; 

Weistfitz, 1756 ; Helfrecht, 1798 ; Sir D. Brewster, 1841 1546. . 1601 

Braidwood, Thomas. Teacher of Deaf and Dumb — . . 1806 

Brainard, John G. C American Poet 1 796 . . 1828 



68 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Brainerd, David. Missionary to American Indians. Life 

by Jonathan Edwards, 1765; Josiah Pratt, 1846 1718. .1747 

Braithwaite, John. Mechanic — . . 1S18 

Brakenburg, Reinier. Dutch Painter 1649. . — 

Bramah, Joseph. Inventor of Bramah Press 1 749- • I § 1 4 

Bramante d'Urbino. Donato Lazzari. Architect, Painter, 

Poet. Musician 1444- • I 5 I 4 

Brarnantino, Augustin da Milanese. Painter fl. 1525 

Bramer, Leonard. Flemish Historical Painter 1596. . — 

Bramball, John. Archbishop of Armagh. L. byVesey. 1593'. 1663 

Bramston, Rev. James. Satirist — . . 1 744 

Bramston, Sir John. Lord Chief Justice — . . 1646 

Brancas Villeneuve, Andrew Francis. Cosmographer. — ..1748 
Brancas, Louis L. F., Due de. Ct. de Lauraguais. Savant 1733. . 1824 
Brand, Rev. John. Antiquary. {History of Newcastle). 1743?. 1S06 

Brand, Rev. John. Political Writer — . . 1808 

Brandel, Peter, of Prague. Portrait and Hist. Painter. . 1660. .1739 

Brander, Gustavus. Antiquary and Naturalist 1720?. 1787 

Brandi, Hyacinth. Italian Historical Painter 1623. .1691 

Brandmiiiler, Gregorv. German Painter 1661 . .1691 

Brandmuller, Jas. Biblical Writer. (Analysis Typica) 1565. ,1629 

Brandmiiiler, John. Hebrew Professor at Basel 1 533 . .1596 

Brandolini, Aurelius. 11 Lippo. Ital. Poet and Divine. 1440?. 1497 
Brandon, Charles, Duke of Suffolk. Fav. of Hen. YIII. — . .1545 

Brandt, George. Swedish Natural Philosopher ^94 . .1768 

Brandt, Gerard. Eccles. Historian. Life by Haes, 1710. 1626. .1685 
Brandt, Nich., or Sebastian. Discoverer of Phosphorus . — ..1692? 
Brandt, Sebastian. Titio. Dutch Poet. (Namis StuMfera) 1458. .1520 
Branker, or Brancker, Thomas. English Mathematician 1636. .1676 
Brant, Brandt, or Brantz, John, of Antwerp. Philologist. 1559. .1639 

Brant, Joseph. Thayendanega. Mohawk Chief 1742?. 1807 

Brantonie. Chronicler. See Bourdeilles 1527?. 1614 

Branwhite, Peregrine. Poet 1745 • • J 794 

Brarens, Henry. Danish Writer on Navigation 1751 . . 1826 

Brasbridge, Thomas. Divine and Medical Writer 1 S37- • I 593 

Brasidas. Spartan General — B.c.422 

Brassavola, Antonius Musa. Italian Medical Writer. . . 1500. .1555 

Brathwaite, Richard. Poet 1588 . . 1673 

Braun, August Emil. German Archaeologist 1809. . 1856 

Brauwer, or Brouwer, Adrian. Flemish Painter 1608. .1640 

Bray, Jacob de. Historical Painter 1604 . . 1664 

Bray, Sir Reginald. Statesman and Architect — . .1503 

Bray, Solomon de. Dutch Portrait Painter 1597?. 1664 

Bray, Rev. Thomas, d. d. Propagator of Christianity. . 1656. .1730 

Bray, William. Antiquary. Editor of Evelyn 1736. . 1832 

Braybrooke, Rd. Cornwallis Neville, Lord. Antiquary. 1820. .1861 
Brayley, Edward Wedlake. Antiquary and Topographer. 

( Westminster Abbey) ' 1773- • J ^54 

Br6beuf, Geo. de. Fr.'Poet. Trans, of Lucan's Pharsalia 1618 . . 1661 
Brebeuf, John de. French Jesuit Missionary to Canada. 1593. . 1649 

Brebiette, Peter. French Painter and Engraver 1596.. — 

Breckberg, or Berkheyden, Gerard. Painter 1645 . . 1693 

Breckberg, or Berkheyden, Job, brother. Dutch Painter 1628. .1698 
Brecourt, William Marcoureau de. Fr. Poet and Actor . — . . 1685 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 69 

BORN. DIED. 

Breda, John van. Dutch Painter • . 1683 . . 1 750 

Breda, Peter van. Landscape Painter of Antwerp 1630. .1681 

Brederode, Henry, Count. Dutch Patriot — . . 1568 

Bredow, Gabriel Godfrey. German Historian 1773. .1814 

Bree, Matthew Ignatius van. Flemish Painter 1773. • 1839 

Breenberg, Bartholomew. Dutch Landscape Painter. . . 1620. .1660 
Breguet, Abraham Louis, ot Paris. Swiss Watch-maker 1747. .1823 
Bregwin. Abp. Cant. (759-65). L. by Eadmer; Osbern — . . 765 
Bregy, Charlotte Chaumaise de Chazan, Countess de. 

Beauty and Wit 1619. . 1693 

Breislak, Scipio. Italian Geologist 1748. .1826 

Breitkopf, John Gottlob Immanuel. German Printer. . . 1719. .1794 

Bremer, Sir James John Gordon. Admiral 1786. . 1850 

Bremont, Francis de. "Writer of Paris 1713- -1742 

Brenner, Henry, of Stockholm. Orientalist 1669. .1732 

Brennus. Gallic Chief. Invader of Italy fl. 390 b. c. 

Brennus. Gallic Chief. Invader of Greece fl. 280 b. c. 

Brent, Sir Nathaniel. Warden of Merton Coll. Writer. 1573. .1652 

.1842 
.1570 
.1839 
.1844 

•1795 
.1740 
.1613 



Brentano, Clemens. Ger. Novelist and Dramatic Poet. . 1777 

Brentius, or Brentzen, John. Lutheran Divine 1499 

Brenton, Capt. Edward Pelham, K. n. {Naval History) . 1774 
Brenton, Sir Jahleel, Admiral. Life by Raikes, 1846 . . . 1770 
Brequigny, Louis Geo. (Histoire des Revolutions de Genes) 1716 

Brereton, Jane. Poet 1685 

Brerewood, Edward. Antiquary and Mathematician . . . 1565 

Bresmal, John Francis. Medical Writer at Liege 1670 

Bret, Anthony. Fr. Writer and Poet. ( Quatre Saisons) 171 7 
Breteuil, Louis Auguste le Tonnelier. Fr. Diplomatist. . 1 7^2 

Breton, Nicholas. Poet ti. 

Breton, Raymond. French Missionary to West Indies . . 1609 
Bretonneau, Francis. Jesuit of Tours. (Life of J as. II.) 1660 
Bretsehneider, Charles Theophilus. Ger. Theologian. . 1776 
Bretschneider, Henry Godfrey von. Hungarian Writer 1739 

Brett, Rev. Thomas, ll,. d. Nonjuring Divine 1667 

Brettinger, John James, of Zurich. Hebraist and Writ. 1701 

Breudel, Adam. Anat. and Botanist at Wittemberg fl. 

Breudel, John Godfrey, nephew. Anatomist at Gottingen 1711 
Breughel, John. Velvet Breughel. Landscape Painter.. 1569 

Breughel, Peter. Old Breughel. Dutch Painter 1530 

Breughel, Peter, son. Hellish. Painter — 

Breul, James du. French Benedictine. (Antiq. of Paris) 1528 
Breval, John Durant de. Eng. Officer. (House of Nassau) — 
Brevint, Daniel, Dean of Lincoln. Divine 1616 



Brewer, Anthonv. Poet and Dramatist ti. Chas. f 



Brewster, William. Elder of the Plymouth Pilgrims. . . 1560 
Breydel, Charles. Cavalier. Flem. Landscape Painter. 1677 

Breydel, Francis, brother. Painter 1679 

Breynius, James, of Dantzic. Botanist 1637 

Brian, Boru. Native Irish King 927 

Briconnet, William. Bishop of Meaux — 

Bridaine, James. French Itinerant. (Spiritual Songs) . 1701 

Bridault, John Peter. French Writer — 

Bridge, William. Nonconformist Divine 1600 

Bridges, John. Antiquary and Topographer 1666 



1792 
1807 
Eliz. 
.1679 
.1741 
.1848 
.1810 

•1743 
'.1776 
1700 

•1758 
.1625 
.1590 
.1642 
.1614 

•1739 
.1695 



.1644 
.1744 
.1750 
.1697 
.1014 

•1533 
.1767 
.1761 
.1670 
.1724 



70 A BEIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DEED. 

Bridge water, Francis Egerton, Sixth Eaii and Third 

Duke of. Promoter of Canals 1729 . . 1803 

Bridgewater, Rev. Francis Henry Egerton, Eighth Earl 

of. Originator of the Bridgewater Treatises 1758. 

Bridport, Alexander Hood, Lord. Admiral — 

Brienne, John de. K. of Jerus. and Emp. of Constantinop. — 

Brienne, Walter de, Duke of Athens. Constable — 

Briet, or ' Brietius, Philip. French Historical and Geo- 
graphical "Writer. (Parallela) 1601 . 

Briggs, George KT. Amer. Statesman and Philanthropist 1796. 

Briggs, Henry. (Logarithmic Tables) 1556. 

Eriggs, Henry Perronet. Historical and Portrait Painter 1793. 

Briggs, William. Oculist. ( Ophthalmographs) 1641. 

Brigham, Nicholas. Writer and Poet. (Memoirs of 

Eminent Persons) — . 

Bright, Rev. Tim., m. d. Phys. ( Treatise on Melancholy) — . 

Brightman, Rev. Thomas. Biblical Commentator 1557.-. 

Brihtwaid. Archbishop of Canterbury (693-731) 650? 

Bril, Matthew. Landscape Painter 1550 . 

Bril, Paul, brother. Landscape Painter 1556 . 

Brillat-Savarin, Anthelme. (Physiologic du Gout) 1755 . 

Brindiey, James. Mechanician and Canal Engineer. .. . 1716. 

Brinkley, John. Bp. of Cloyne. Div. and Astronomer. 1763. 

Brinvilliers, Marg. d'Aubrai, Marchioness of. Poisoner. — . 

Brisbane, Sir Charles. Admiral — . 

Brisbane, Sir Thos. Makdougal. Soldier and Astronomer 1773. 

Brisseau, Peter. Fr. Med. Writer. (Sur la Cataracte). 1631. 

Brisson, Barnabas. French Lawyer and Philologist ... . 1531. 

Brisson, Mathurin James. Fr. Chemist and Naturalist. 1723. 

Brissot, John Peter. French Revolutionist J 754- 

Brissot, Peter. French Physician 1478 . 

Britannico, John. Italian Grammarian — aft. 

Britannicus. Son of Emperor Claudius 42 . 

Brito, Bernard de. Portuguese Historian J 569. 

Brito, Gulielmus. Brito Armoricus. Historian and Poet 11 50? 

Britton, John. Topog. and Archit. Writer. (Cathedrals) 1771. 

Britton, Thomas. Musical Small-coal M an 1654. 

Brizard, or Britard, John Baptist. French Actor 1721 . 

Brizzio, or Briccio, Francis. Landsc. Painter of Bologna 1574. 

Brocehi, John Baptist. Italian Mineralogist 1772. 

Brockhaus, Frederick Arnold. German Publisher 1772. 

Broeklesby, Richard. Physician and Writer 1722. 

Brodeau, John. Brodeeus. French Critic 1500. 

Broderip, William John. Naturalist and Shell Collector — . 

Brodie, Sir Benjamin Collins. Surgeon. {Autobiography) 1783. 

Broeck, Crispin van den. Dutch Painter and Engraver. 1530. 

Broeck, Elias van den. Flemish Painter 1657. 

Broeekhuyse, John. Broukhusius 1649. 

Broglie, Claude Victor, Prince de. Marshal of Fr. ; guillot. 1757. 

Broglie, Francis Mary, Duke de. Marshal of France 1671 . 

Broglie, Victor Francis, Duke de. French General 1718. 

Broglie, Victor Maurice, Count de. Marshal of France.. 1647? 

Brogni, John de. Cardinal !34 2 - 

Broke, Sir Philip Bowes Vere. Rear- Admiral 1776. 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 71 

BORN. DIED. 

Brokesby, Rev. Francis. Relig. Writer. {Life of Dodwell) 1637., 
Brome, Adam cle. Fav. of Edw. II. ; Found, of Oriel Coll. — . 

Brorne, Alexander. Satiric Anti-Puritan Poet 1620. 

Brome, Richard. Dramatist — . 

Bromfleld, Sir Wm. Surgeon ; Founder of Lock Hospital 1 712 . 

Bromley, John. Mezzotint Engraver 1795 . 

Bromley, William. Line Engraver ^7^9- 

Bromton, John. Historian fl. ] 

Bronchorst, John, of Leyden. Animal Painter in Water 

Colors 1648. 

Bronchorst, Peter, of Delft. Historical Painter 1588. 

Brondsted, Peter Oluf. Danish Archaeologist 1781 . 

Brongniart, Alexander. Fr. Chemist and Mineralogist. 1770. 

Brongniart, Anthony Louis. French Chemist — . 

Bronte, Anne. Acton Bell. Novelist 1820? 

Bronte, Charlotte. Currer Bell. L. by Mrs. Gaskell, 1857 1S16. .: 

Bronte, Emily Jane. Ellis Bell. Novelist i8i8 ? .: 

Bronzino. Alexander Allori. Italian Painter 1535 . . 

Bronzino, Angelo. Historical and Portrait Painter 1511 . . 

Bronzino. Christopher' Allori, son of A lexander. Painter 1577.. 

Brook, Benjamin. (Lives of the Puritans) 1775- ■ 

Brooke, Charlotte. (Irish Poetry.) Life by Seymom-, 1816 — .. 
Brooke, Mrs. Frances. Novelist and Dramatic Writer . . — 
Brooke, Sir Fulk Greville, Lord. Poet and Philosopher. 1554. . 

Brooke, Henry. Writer. ( The Fool of Quality) 1706. . 

Brooke, John' Charles. Somerset Herald; Topographer. 1748.. 

Brooke, Ralph. York Herald 1550?. 

Brooke, Sir Robert. Judge and Law Writer — 

Brookes, Joshua. Anatomist 1761 . . 

Brooks, Maria. American Poetess i/95 ? - 

Broome, William, ll. d. Poet; Translator of Anacreon. . — 

Broschi, Charles. Farinelli. Italian Singer 1705 . . 

Brossard, Sebast. de. Fr. Musician. (Prodromus Musicalis) 1660. . 

Brosse, Guy de la. French Botanist — 

Brosses, Charles de. French Writer 1709. . 

Brossette, Claude de, of Lyons. Writer. (Hist, of Lyons) 16 71. . 

Brotero, Felix de Avellar. Portuguese Botanist 1744- ■ 

Brothers, Richard. Visionary 1760?. 

Brotier, Andrew Charles. Botanist 1751 . . 

Brotier, Gabriel, Abbe. Scholar 1723. . 

Broughton, Hugh. Hebrew Scholar and Polem. Divine 1549. . 
Broughton, Thomas. Prebendary of Salisbury. Divine 1704. . 
Brouncker, or Brounker, Wm. Visct. Pres. of Royal Soc. 1620. . 

Brousson, Claude. French Protestant Martyr 1647. . 

Brouwer, or Brauwer, Adrian. Flemish Painter 160S. . 

Browallius, John. Bishop of Abo. Naturalist i/°7- • 

Brown, Charles Brockden. American Novelist. ( Wieland) 1771. . 

Brown, Rev. David. Missionary in India — 

Brown, James. Traveler and Scholar. (The Directory) 1709. . 
Brown, Rev. John, d. d. (Rise and Progress of Poetry) 1715. . 
Brown, John. Scotch Divine. (Self-Interpreting Bible) 1722.. 
Brown, John. Scotch Painter. (Letters on Italian Opera) 1752. . 
Brown, John. Scot. Phys. Inventor of Brunonian System 

of Medicine. Life by Beddoes, 1801 ; W. C. Brown, 1 804 1 735 . . 



72 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN 

Brown, Capt. John. Amer. Abolitionist. L. by R. D. Webb 1800 
Brown, Launcelot. Capability. Landscape Gardener. .. 171 5 

Brown, Matthew. Painter 1760 

Brown, Moses. Vicar of Olney. Poet. Writer. See Browne 1703 

Brown, Robert. Founder of the Brownists 1550 

Brown, Robert. Scottish Agricultural Writer 1770 

Brown, Ro~bert. President Linnsean Soc. Botan. Writer 1773 

Brown, Sir Samuel. Captain k. n. Civil Engineer 1776 

Brown, Thomas. Theologian; Translator of Camden .. . 1604 

Brown, Thomas. Satirical Writer and Poet 1663 

Brown, Dr. Thomas, of Edinburgh. Professor of Moral 

Philosophy. (Philosophy of Human Mind.) L. by Welsh 1778 

Brown, Ulysses Maximilian cle. Imperial General 1705 

Brown, William. Botanist. ( Catalogus Bbrti Oxoviensis) 1628 
Brown, Sir Wm.. M. d. Phys. and Humorist. See Browne 1692 
Brown, Wm. Lawrence. Theol. at Utrecht and Aberdeen 1755 
Brown. See Browne. 

Browne, Sir Anthony. Judge ; Supporter of Mary Q. Scots — 
Browne, Edward. Physician to Charles II. , and Traveler 1642 
Browne, George. Abp. of Dublin. Protestant Reformer — 
Browne, Isaac Hawkins. Poet. (Design and Beauty; 

Immortality of the Soul) 1706 

Browne, John. ' Surgeon. (Myography) . . . 1642 

Browne, Jos. Writ. agt. Circulat. of Blood. (Anlidotaria) fl.1698 
Browne, Joseph, d. d. Provost of Queen's Coll. Scholar 1700 

Browne, Rev. Moses. Poet. {Piscatory Eclogue) 1703 

Browne, Patrick, >r. D. Naturalist. {History of Jamaica) 1720 
Browne, Peter. Bishop of Cork. Writer against Poland — 

Browne, Simon. Dissenting Divine 1680 

Browne, Sir Thomas. (Religio Medici.) L. by Dr. Johnson 1605 

Browne, William. Poet. {Britannia's Pastorals) 1590 

Browne, Sir Wm. Physician. Founder of Class. Medal . 1692 

Browne, William George. Oriental Traveler 1768 

Browne. See Brown. 

Browning, Mrs. Elizabeth Barrett. Poetess 1809 

Brownrig, Ralph. Bishop of Exeter ". . . . 1592 

Brownrigg, William. Physician and Natural Philosopher 1711 

Brucseus, Henry, of Alost. Medical Writer 1531 

Bruce, Edward. Scottish Judge 1549 

Bruce, James. African Traveler. Life bv Alexander 

Murray, 1804 ; Sir F. B. Head, 1830 1730 

Bruce, James, Earl of Elgin. See Elgin 1811 

Bruce, John. Political Writer 1744 

Bruce, Michael. Poet 1746 

Bruce, Peter Henry. German Officer and Diplomatist . . — 

Bruce, Robert. King of Scotland 1274 

Bruce, Thomas, Earl of Elgin. See Elgin 1766 

Brucioli, Anthony. Florent. Transl. of Bible and Classics — aft 
Brucker, John James. (Historia Criiica Philosopliice) . . . 1696 
Bruckman, Francis Ernest- Ger. Physician & Naturalist 1697 
Bruere, Charles Anthony Leclerc de la. French Dramatist 171 5 
Brueys, David Augustine. Fr. Prot. Theol. and Dramatist 1640 
Brueys d'Aigalliers, Francis Paul. French Admiral . . . 1753 
Bruges, John of, or John van Eyck. Painter 1370 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 73 

BORN. DIED. 

Brugmans, Sebald Justin. Dutch Military Physician. . . . 1763. .1819 
Bruguieres, John Wm. French Naturalist and Physician 1749. .1799 
Bruhier d'Ablaincourt, John James. Fr. Med. Writer. — . . 1756 

Bruhl, Henry, Count von. Polish Minister 1700. .1764 

Bruin, or Bruyn, John de. Experimen. Philos. at Utrecht 1620 . . 1675 
Bruix, Chevalier de. Fr. Writer. {Reflexions Diverses) . 1728.. 1780 

Brulart, Nicholas. Chancellor of France 1 544 ? . 1624 

Brulart, Petei\ Ambassador and Secretary of State 1583?. 1640 

BruHiot, Francis. {Dictionary of Monograms) 1780 . .1836 

Brummel, Geo. Bryan. Beau. Life by Capt. Jesse, 1844 1778. . 1840 
Brumoy, Peter. French Writer. ( Theatre des Grecs) . . 1688. .1742 
Brun, Anthony, of Dole. Ambass. and Poetical Writer. . . 1600 . . 1654 

Brun, Anthony Louis. French Poet 1680. .1743 

Brun, Charles le. French Painter and Writer 1619.. 1690 

Brun, J. Baptist le. Desmarettes. French Eccles. Writer — --1731 
Brun, Lawrence de, of Nantes. {Virgilius Christianus) . . 1607.. 1663 

Brun, Peter le. French Ecclesiastical Writer 1661 . .1729 

Brun, Wm. le. Jesuit. {Latin and French Dictionary). 1674?. 1758 

Brunck, Richard Francis Philip. Critic i7 2 9- ■ 1803 

Brune, William Mary Anne. Marshal of France 1763. .1815 

Brunehaut. Queen" of Austrasia — . . 613 

Brunei, Isambard Kingdom. Engineer of " Gt. Eastern" 1806. .1859 
Brunei, Sir Mark Isambard. Engineer of Thames Tunnel. 

Life by R. Beamish 1769. . 1849 

Brunelleschi, Philip. Florentine Architect 1377- -1444 

Brunet, John Louis, of Aries. Ecclesiastical Writer 1688. .1747 

Brunetto Latini, Grammarian, of Florence. {11 Tesoro) 1230. .1294 

Brunfels, Otho. Physician and Botanist at Berlin 1464 ? . 1534 

Bruni, Anthony. Italian Poet — . . 1635 

Bruni, Leonard. Aretino. Historian *?>b9- . 1444 

Brunings, Christian. Writer on Greek and Jewish Antiq. 1 702 . . 1 763 

Brunings, Christian. Dutch Hydraulic Engineer 1736. . 1805 

Brunn, John James, of Basel. {Systema Materia; Medicoe) 1591 . . 1660 

Brunner, Balthazar. German Physician !533- • 1604 

Brunner, or Brunn, John Conrad. Swiss Phys. and Anat. 1653. .1727 

Bruno the Great. Archbishop of Cologne — . . 965 

Bruno, St. Founder of Carthusians. Life bv Madariaga, 

1596 ; Faria, 1649 ; Tromby, 1773 ; Tracv, 1*786 ; "Villerey, 

1808; Ducreux, 1808 " 1030?. 1101 

Bruno, James Pancrace. Swiss Physician 1629. .1709 

Bruno, Jordan. Italian Anti-Christian Writer. Life bv 

Murr, 1805 ; Rixner, 1824 ; Debs, 1844 ; C. Bartholomew 1550 . . 1600 
Brunswick-Lunenburg, Charles William Ferd., Duke 

of. Prussian General against the French Republicans 1735. -1806 
Brunswick- O els, Frederick Augustus, Duke of, brother. 

Prussian Gen. and Writer. ( On Alexander the Great) . 1740. . 1805 
Brunswick, Frederick William, Duke of. Served in the 

English Army against France 1771 . . 1815 

Brunswick, Maximil. Jul. Leop., Duke of. Pruss. General 1752. .1785 

Brunton, Mrs. Mary. Novelist ^77^- • 1818 

Bruschius, Gaspar. Latin Historian and Poet of Bohemia 1518. .1559 
Brusoni, Jerome. Venetian Writer. {History of Italy). . i6io..i68o ? 
Brusoni, Lucius Domitius. Facetious Writer. ( Speculum 

Martdi) fl. 16th c. 



74 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Bruto, John Michael. Tra v. and "Writer. (Wist, of Hungary) 1518?. 1594 

Brutus, John. Ecclesiastic of Paris. Writer 1678?. 1762 

Brutus, Lucius Junius. Estab.Repub. Governmt. at Rome fl. 500 B.C. 

Brutus, Marcus Junius. Murderer of Csesar B.C. 85 B.c.42 

Bruyere, John de la. French Writer. ( Caracteres) . . . . 1644?. 1696 

Bruyn, Cornelius le. Traveler and Painter 1652. . — 

Bruyn, or Bruin, John de. Experimen. Philos. at Utrecht 1620. . 1675 
Bruys, Francis. French Critic. (History of the Popes) . . 1703. .1738 
Bruys, Peter de, of Languedoc. Found, of Petro-Brussians — . .1130 

Bruzen de la Martiniere. See Martiniere 1666. .1740 

Bry, Theodore de. ( Collectiones Peregrinationum) 1528. .1598 

Bryan, or Bryant, Sir Francis. Soldier, Statesman, Poet — ..1550? 

Bryan, Michael. (Dictionary of Painters) 1757. .1821 

Bryant, Jacob. Antiquary and Philologist 171 5 . . 1804 

Brydges, Sir Sam. Egerton. Miscel. Writ. L. by self, 1834 1762 . . 1837 

Brydone, Patrick. ( Travels in Sicily and Malta) 1741 ? . 1818 

Bryennius, Xicephorus. Byzantine Historian — . . 1137 

Buache, Philip. French Hydrographer 1700 . . 1773 

Buat Nancay, Louis Gabr., Ct. du. Fr. Diplom. & Writer 1732. .1787 
Bucer, Martin. Reformer. Life by Conrad Huber, 1537 1491 . . 1551 

Buch, Baron Leopold von. Scientific Writer 1774- • 1853 

Buchan, Mrs. Elspeth, or Elizabeth. Scottish Fanatic. . 1738. .1791 

Buchan, Stuart Erskine, Earl of. Scientific Writer 1742. .1829 

Buchan, William, m. d. (Domestic Medicine) 1729. . 1805 

Buchanan, Claudius, d. d. Bengal Chaplain. ( Christian 

Researches.) Life by H. Pearson, 1819 1766. .1815 

Buchanan, George. Scotch Historian and Poet. (History 

of Scotland.) Life by Dr. David Irving, 1807 1506. . 1582 

Buchanan, Walter. Writer on Art 1777?. 1864 

Buchner, Augustus. Professor at Wittenberg 1591..1661 

Buchner, John Andrew Elias. German Medical Writer 1701. .1769 
Bucholtzer, Abraham. Ger. Divine. (Index Chronolog.) 1529. .1584 

Buchon, John Alexander. Historical Writer 1791 . .1846 

Buchoz, Peter Joseph, of Metz. Naturalist 1731 . .1807 

Buck, Sir George. Antiquary. (Life of Richard III.). — ..1622? 
Buckeridge, John. Bp. of Ely. (De Potestaie Papm) . — ..1631 
Buckhurst, Thos. Sackville, Lord. Statesm. and Poet. 1527. .1608 
Buckingham, Geo. Villiers, First Duke of. Lord Hi.ah 

Admiral. Assassinated. L. bv Sir H. Wotton, 1642. 1592. .1628 
Buckingham, Geo. Villiers, son, 2d Duke of. Courtier. . 1627. .1688 

Buckingham, James Silk. Traveler. Life bv self. 1786. . 1855 

Buckingham and Chandos, Richard, First Duke of 1776. .1839 

Buckingham and Chandos, Richard, Second Duke of.. — . .1861 

Buckinghamshire, John Sheffield, Duke of. Poet 1649. .1720 

Buckink, Arnold. German Engraver fl. 1450? 

Buckland, William, d. d. Dean of Westm. Geologist. . 1 784 . . 1 856 

Buckle, Henry Thomas. (History of Civilization) 1822. . 1862 

Buckminster, Joseph Stephens. American Divine 1784. . 181 2 

Buequet, John Baptist Mary. Fr. Experimental Philos. 1746. .1780 

Budaeus, or Bude, William. Critic. (De Asse) 1467. .1540 

Buddaeus, John Francis, of Jena. Theol. ( Ger. Hist. Diet.) 1667 . . 1 729 

Budgell, Eustace. Writer. (Lives of the Boyles) 1685?. 1736 

Buffalmacco, Buonamico. Italian Historical Painter. . . 1262. . 1340 
Burner, Claude. French Writer 1661 . . 1 y^7 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 75 

BORN. DIED. 

BufTon, Geo. Louis Le Clerc, Count de. Naturalist. Life 

bv Joseph Aude, 1788; M. Humbert-Bazile, 1863 170;. .1788 

Bugeaud de la Piconnerie, Thomas Robert, Duke 

dTsly. French Marshal 1784- -1849 

Bugenhagen, John. Pomeranus. Reformer. Life by 
Vincentius, 1558; Jaencke, 1730; Lange, 1731; En- 
gelcken, 1817; Koch, 1817; Zietz,1829; Biesner, 1837 1485. .1558 

Bugiardini, Julian. Painter of Florence 1481 . . 1556 

Bunle, John Theophilus. German Philosopher 1763 . . 1821 

Buistsr, Philip. Sculptor of Brussels 1595 . . 1688 

Bukentop, Henry van, of Antwerp. Controv. Divine.. . — ..1716 
Bulgarin, Thaddeus. Russian Novelist and Essayist . . . 1789. . — 

Bulkley, Charles. Baptist Divine 1 719.. 1797 

Bull, Geo. Bp. of St. David's. L. by Robert Nelson, 1717 1634. .1710 

Bull, John, mus. doct. Composer I S^>3 ? ■ 1622? 

Bullant, John. French Architect ' 1520'. 1578 

Buller, Right Honorable Charles. Statesman 1806. . 1S48 

Buller, Sir Francis. Judge. (Introduction to Nisi Prim) 1745. -iSoo 
Bullet, J. Bapt. Theologian and Antiquary at Besancon 1699. .1775 

Bulleyn, "William. Medical "Writer at Durham 1500?. 1576 

Bullialdus, or Boulliaud, Ismael. French Astronomer and ■ 

Mathematician. (Philolaus) 1605 . . 1694 

BuHiard, Peter. French Botanist 1742?. 1793 

Bullinger, Henry. Swiss Reformer. Life by Simler, 
1575; Lavater, 1576: Fels,1600; Ziegler, 1719 ; Hess, 

1828; Franz, 1828 1504.. 1575 

Bulow, Frederick AVilliam. Prussian General 1755 . .1816 

Bulow, Baron Henry von. Diplomatist i79°- • 1846 

Bulstrode, Sir Richard. Royalist and Jacobite — . . 1715? 

Bulteau, Louis. French "Writer on Monastic History. . . . 1625. .1693 
Bulwer, John, 'm. d. ( Chirographic, ; Anthropometamor- 

phosis) fl. 1644 

Bunbury, Henry. Caricaturist — . . 181 1 

Bunel, Jacob. French Historical Painter 1558. . 1620? 

Bund, Peter, of Toulouse. Latin Scholar. (Letters). . . 1499. .1546 

Bunn, Alfred. Theatrical Manager and Author — . . i860 

Bunnick, Jacob van. Battle Painter — . .1725 

Bunnick, John van, brother. Hist, and Portr. Painter. . 1654. .1727 

Bunon, Robert, of Paris. Dentist 1 702 . . 1 748 

Bunsen, Christian Chas. Josias, Baron. Pruss. Ambass. 1791..1S60 

Bunting, Jabez. Wesleyan Minister *779- • 1858 

Bunyan, John. Life by Ivimev, 1809; Southev; Robert 

Philip, 1839; George Offor,"l853 ' ] 1628. .1688 

Buonaccorsi, or Pierino del Vaga. Tuscan Painter 1501 . .1547 

Buonaccorsi, Philip. CaUimaco. Italian Latin Writer. 1437. .1496 

Buonafede, Appian. Italian Philosophical Writer 1716. .1793 

Buonamici, Castruccio. Italian Historical "Writer 1710. .1761 

Buonamici, Lazarus, of Padua. Latin Poet and "Writer. 1479. .1552 
Buonaniico di Christofano. Buffalmacco. Flor. Painter 1262. .1340 
Buonaparte. See Bonaparte. 

Buonarotti, Michael Angelo. Painter, Sculptor, Archi- 
tect. Life by R. Duppa, 1806 1474- -1564 

Buonarotti, Michael Angelo, jun. Dramatist 156S. . 1646 

Buonfiglio, Joseph Constant. (Hist, of Sicily and Venice) fl. 1604 



76 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Buoninsegni, Duccio di. Painter of Siena. — . . 1340? 

Buonmattei, Benedict. Florentine Grammarian 1581 . . 1647 

Buononcini, J. Baptist. Musical Composer — . .1750? 

Buontalenti, Bernard. Girandole. Florentine Painter, 

Sculptor, Architect 1536. . 1608 

BuraneHo. Balthasar Galuppi. Composer 1703 . .1785 

Burbage, Richard. Shakespearian Actor — . . 1629 

Bur-chard, John, of Wesel. Reformer — . . 1482 

Burchiello, Dominic, of Florence. Burlesque Poet — . .1448 

Burckhardt, John Charles. German Astronomer *773- .1825 

Burekhardt, John Louis. Swiss Traveler 1784. . 1S17 

Burder, George. Dissenting Preacher. ( Village Sermons) 1752. .1832 

Burdett, Sir Francis, m. P. Politician 1770. .1844 

Bur-don, William. (Materials for Thinking) 1764. .1818 

Bure, Catherine. Swedish Scholar 1602?. 1679 

Bure, William Francis de, of Paris. Bibliographer 1731. .1782 

Buren, Martin van. See Van Buren 1782. . 1862 

Burette, Peter John. French Archaeologist 1( ^>5 • • I 747 

Burger, Godf. Aug. German Poet. ( Wild Huntsman).. 1748. .1794 

Burgersdieius, Francis. Dutch Logician 1 S9°- -1629 

Burges, George. Greek Scholar and Dramatist 1786. . 1864 

Burgess, Daniel. Dissenting Preacher 1645 • • I 7 I 3 

Burgess, John. Painter in Water Colors 1788?. 1S63 

Burgess, Thos. Bp. of Salisb. L. by C. J. Harford, 1839 1756. .1837 

Burggrave, John Philip. German Medical Writer 1700. .1775 

Burgh., Hubert de. Statesman — . . 1243 

Burgh, James. Writer. (Dignity of Human Nature) .. . 1 714.. 1775 
Burgh, Ulick de, Marquess of Clanricarde. (Memoirs 

of Irish Rebellion) — . . 1657 

Burgkmair, John. German Painter and Wood Engraver 1474. .1543 

Burgoyne, John. General. Dramatic Writer — . .1792 

Burgundy, Louis, Duke of. Grandson of Louis XIV. ; 

Dauphin 1682. .1712 

Buridan, John. Philosopher and Schoolman — ..1358? 

Burigny, John Levesque de. Hist, and Biog. Writer. . . 1692. .1785 
Burke, Edmund. Statesman. L. bv McCormick, 1797 ; 
Bisset, 1798; Jas. Prior, 1824; T. Macknight; Geo. 
Croly, 1840; Sergeant Burke; Joseph Napier, 1862.. . 1729. .1797 

Burke, Robert O'Hara. Australian Explorer — . . 1861 

Burkitt, Wm. (Expos, of N. Test.) L. by Parkhurst, 1704 1650.. 1703 

Burlamaqui, John James. Civilian 1694. .1748 

Burleigh, Wm. Cecil, Lord. Lord Treasurer. See Cecil. 15 20. .1598 
Burley, Walter. English Priest and Aristotelian Scholar 1275. .1357 
Burlington, Richard Boyle, Third Earl of. Architect. . . 1695. .1753 
Burrnan, Nicholas Lawrence. Botanist. (Flora Indica) 1734. .1793 
Burmann, Francis. Theologian at Utrecht. ( On the 

Pentateuch) 1628. . 1679 

Burmann, Francis, son. Theologian at Utrecht. (Per- 
secution of Diocletian) 1671. .1719 

Burmann, Caspar. Historian. (Trajectum Eruditum).. — . . 1 755 
Burmann, John. Dutch Botanist and Physician. ( The- 
saurus Zeylanicus) I7°7- .1780 

Burmann, Peter. Dutch Philologist 1668. .1741 

Burmann, Peter. Secundus. Professor at Franeker. .. . 1 714.. 1778 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 77 

BORN. DIED. 

Burn, Rev. Richard, ll. d. Law Writer. (Justice) 1720?. 1785 

Burnes, Sir Alexander. Diplomatist in India 1805. .1841 

Burnet, Gilbert. Bishop of Salisbury (1689-1715). Life 

by Le Gere, 1715; Flexman 1643. .1715 

Burnet, Rev. Thomas, ll. d. (De Statu Mortuorum.) 

Life by Ralph Heathcoat, 1759 1635?. 1715 

Burnet, Rev. Thomas, d. d. Divine. {Answer to Tindal) — -.1750 
Burnet, Sir Thos., son of Gilbert. Judge & Polit. Writ. — . .1753 
Burnett, Gilbert Th os. Botanist. (Outlines of Botany). 1800.. 1835 
Burnett, Jas., Ld. Monboddo. ( Orig. and Prog, of Lang.) 1714. .1799 

Burnett, John. Scottish Judge and Writer on Law 1764. .1810 

Burney, Charles. Classical Critic 1757. .1817 

Burney, Dr. Charles. (History of Music.) Life by Ma- 
dame D'Arblay, 1832 1726. . 1814 

Burney, Frances. See Madame D'Arblay. Novelist... 1752.. 1840 
Burney, Jas. Rear-Adm. ( Hist of Voyages of Discov.) 1759. .1821 

Burney, William, ll d. (Naval Heroes) 1762. . 1832 

Burnouf, Eugene. French Orientalist 1801 . . 1852 

Burns, John, M. D., of Glasgow. (Evid. of Christianity) . . 1780. . 1850 
Burns, Robert. Poet. Life by James Currie, 1825; J. G. 

Lockhart; Allan Cunningham; R. Chambers *759- • I 796 

Burr, Aaron. Third Vice-President of the United States 1756. .1836 

Burrhus, Afranius. Roman Commander — . . 62 

Burrough, Edward. Quaker Preacher !634- . 1663 

Burroughs, Jer., of Tivetshall. Puritan Div. ( On Hosea) 1599. .1646 
Burroughs, Sir John. Garter King. (Sovereignty of Seas) — ..1643 

Burrow, Sir James. Law Writer 1701 . .1782 

Burrow, Reuben. Mathematician — . .1791 

Burton, Cassibelan. Translator of Martial 1609. .1681 

Burton, Edw., d. d. Reg. Professor. (Greek Testament) 1794. .1836 
Burton, Henry. Sufferer with Bastwick and Prynne... . 1579?. 1648 
Burton, Hezekiah. Prebendary of Norwich. Divine.... — . .1681 
Burton, John, d. r>. Fell, of Eton. ( Opuscula Miscellanea) 1696.. 1 771 
Burton, John, m. d. Antiquary. (Ecchs. Hist, of York) 1697. .4771 

Burton, Rev. Robert. (Anatomy of Melancholy) 1576. .1640 

Burton, Wm. Topog. and Antiq. (Hist Leicestershire) 1575. .1645 
Burton, Wm., of Kingston. Schol. (Graicce Lingiue Hist.) 1609.. 1657 

Burton, William, be. d. (History of Yorkshire) 1697? . 1759 

Bury, Arthur, n. d. Rector of Exeter College. Socinian. 

(Naked Gospel) fl. 1665 

Bury, Mrs. Eliz. Hebraist and Scholar. L. by Sam. Bury 1644. .1720 

Bury, Richard de. See Angarville .". 1287? . 1345 

Bus, Caesar de. Founder of the Fathers of Christ. Doctrine 1544. . 1607 
Busbec, Augher Ghislen. Busbequius. Trav. & Ambass. 1522.. 1592 

Busby, Richard. Master of Westminster School 1606. .1695 

Busche, Hermann von dem. Buschius. Reviv. of Learn. 1468. .1534 
Buschetto da Dulichio. Greek Architect at Pisa. . . . 1025 : 'aft. 1080 

Busching, Anthony Frederick. German Writer i7 2 4- • *793 

Busching, John Gust. Theoph., son. Writ, on Literature 1783. .1829 

Busernbaum, Hermann. (Medulla Theologiai) 1600. .1668 

Bushe, Sir Charles Kendal. Chief Justice of Ireland .. . — .-1843 
Bushell, Thomas. Master of the Royal Mines. Royalist 1594?. 1674 

Bushnell, David. American Inventor 1742?. 1826 

Busleyden, Jerome. Diplomat. ; Frd. of Erasmus & More 1470. .1517 



78 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Bussieres, John de. French Historian and Latin Poet. . 1607. . 1678 

Bussy d'Amboise, Louis de Clermont de — . . 1579 

Bussy, Roger Rabutin, Count of. French Writer 1618. . 1693 

Bute, John Stuart, Third Earl of. Premier 1713- • 1792 

Buteo, John. French Mathematician I 49 2 - • T 57 2 

Buti, Francesco di Bartolo da. Commentator on Dante . 1324. .1406 
Butler, Alban. (Lives of Saints.) L. by Chas. Butler, 1799 1710 . . 1773 
Butler, Charles. Writer on Bees. (Feminine Monarchy) 1560. .1647 
Butler, Charles. Roman Catholic Writer. (Reminiscences) 1750.. 1832 
Butler, Jas., Duke of Ormond. Statesman. Life by Carte 1610 . . 1688 
Butler, John. Bishop of Hereford. Political Writer. . . . 1717. . 1802 
Butler, Joseph. Bishop of Durham. (Analogy.) Life by 

Bartlett, 1839 ; Rev. F. Steere .' 1692 . . 1 732 

Butler, Samuel. Poet. ( Hudibras) 1600 . . 1680 

Butler, Samuel. Mast, of Shrewsb. Bp. Lichf. (Atlas). 1774. .1840 

Butler, Thomas, Earl of Ossory. Commander l &34- ■ !68o 

Butler, Weeden. Theologian 1742. . 1823 

Butler, William. Irish Alchemist !534- • l6 i7 

Butler, William. M. D. Medical Writer 1726. . 1805 

Butler, Wm. Writer of School Books. ( On the Globes) . 1748. . 1822 
Butler, Rev. Wm. Archer, of Dublin. Prof, of Moral Philos. — ... 1848 

Butt, George, d. d. Divine and Poet 1741 . . 1795 

Butter, Nathaniel. Journalist — . . 1664 

Buttern, AVilliam, M. d. Medical Writer in London .... 1726. . 1805 
Buttmann, Philip Chas. Ger. Philologist. (Lexilopus) 1764. .1829 
Buttner, Christian William. Ger. Naturalist and Philol. 1716. .1801 

Button, Sir Thomas. Arctic Navigator fl. 161 2 

Butts, Sir William. Physician to Henry VIII — . . 1545 

Buxbaum, John Christian. German Botanist & Traveler 1694. .1730 

Buxton, Jedediah. Calculator 1704?. 1775? 

Buxton, Sir Thomas Fowell. Philanthr. L. by C. Buxton 1 786 . . 1845 
Buxtorf, John. Professor at Basel. ( Thesaurus Lingwz 

Htbraicm.) Life by Tossanus, 1630 ". 1564. .1629 

Buxtorf, John, son. Professor at Basel. (Hebr. Concord.) 1599. .1664 

Buxtorf, John. Orientalist at Basel — . .1732 

Buxtorf, John James. Hebraist 1645 . .1704 

Buy de Mornas, Claude. French Geographer — -.1783 

Buzot, Francis Nicholas Leonard. French Politician. . . . 1760. .1793 

Byfield, or Bifield, Nicholas. Calvinistic Divine 1578?. 1622 

Byles, Mather, d. d. American Clergyman 1706. .1788 

Bynaeus, Anthony. Classical and Historical Scholar. . . . 1654. .1698 
Byng, George, First Visct. Torrington. Naval Commander 1663. .1733 

Byng, John. Admiral. Shot 1 704 ..1757 

Bynkershoek, Cornelius van. Civilian 1673. .1763 

Byrge, or Byrgius, Justus. Fr. Mathematical Mechanician 1549. . 1632 

Byrne, William. Engraver 1 742 . . 1805 

Byrom, John. Poetical Writer. (Short-hand) • . . . 1691 . .1763 

Byron, George Gordon, Lord. Poet. Life bv T. Moore ; 
R, C Dallas; J. Gait, 1825; Noel Byron, 1825; J. W. 
Lake, 1826; E. Brydges, 1828; J. L. Armstrong, 1846. 1788. .1824 

Byron, Hon. John. Circumnavigator I 7 2 3- .1786 

Bythner, Victor inus. Linguist. (Lyra Prophetica) — aft.1664 

Bzovius, or Bzovski, Abraham. Polish Theologian 1567. .1637 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 79 



c. 



BORN. DIED. 

Caab, or Cab ben Zohair. Arabian Poet — . . 622 

Caballus, Francis. Medical Writer at Padua — 

Cabanis, Peter John George. Fr. Phys., Philos., Politician 1757. . 

Cabarrus, Francis. French Financier in Spain 1752 . . 

Cabassole, Philip de. French Writer; Friend of Petrarch 1305 . . 

Cabassut, John. French Canonist 1604. . 

Cabel, or Kabel, Adrian van der. Dutch Painter 1631 . . 

Cabestan, or Cabestaing, William de. Provencal Poet. . — 

Cabet, Stephen. French Communist 1788. . 

Cabot, Sebastian. Navigator. Life by R. Biddle, 1831 .. 1477?. 
Cabral, or Cabrara, Peter Alvarez de. Port. Navigator . . — . . 

CabrilLo, John Rodriguez. Portuguese Navigator — 

Cabrol, Barth. Fr. Anatomist. {AlphabetonAnatomicon) 1535? , 
Caccia, William. 11 Montcalvo. Italian Fresco Painter. 1568.. 
Caccini, Julius. Giulio Romano. Italian Musical Comp. 1560?. 

Cachet, Christopher. Medical Writer 1572. . 

Cadamosto, Louis da. Venetian Navig. L. by Zurla, 1815 1432'' . 

Cade, John. Rebel — 

Cadell, Thomas. Publisher 1742. . 

Cadet de Gassieourt, Chas. Louis. {Diet, of Chemistry) 1769. .] 
Cadet de Vaux, Anthony Alexis Francis. French Writer 1743. 
Cadogan, William, First Earl of. Military Commander . . — . 

Cadogan, William. Medical Writer — . 

Cadogan, Hon. and Rev. Wm. Bromley. L. by Cecil, 1798 1751 . 

Cadoudal, George. French Royalist 1769. . J 

Cadwaladyr, Casail. Welsh Poet 16th c. 

Csecilius Statius. Latin Comic Poet — B.c.168 

Caedmon. Anglo-Saxon Poet — . . 68o ? 

Caelius Rhodiginus. Italian Scholar 1450?. 1525? 

Caesalpinus, Andrew. Italian Naturalist I 5 I 9- • ~^>°3 

Caesar, Caius. Grandson of Augustus B.c.20 A.D.4 

Caesar, C. Julius. Dictator. Life by Nicholas de Damas, 

1850 ; Archd. J. Williams, 1854 ; Napoleon III., 1865 . . 100 . 44B.C. 
Caesar, Sir Julius. Civilian. Life by E. Lodge, 1727. . . 1557. .1636 

Caesar, Lucius. Grandson of Augustus b.c. i 7 a. d. 2 

Cafia, Melchior. Le MaUais. Roman Sculptor 1631 . . 1687 

Caffarelli, Gaetano Majorano. Italian Singer i7°3- -1783 

Caffiaux, Philip Joseph. ( Genealogical Treasury) 1712. .1777 

Caffieri, James. Sculptor — . . 1755 

Caffieri, John James. Sculptor 1723. .1792 

Caffieri, Philip. Sculptor at Rome J 634. .1716 

Cagliari, Benedict. Painter 1 538 . . 1 598 

Cagliari, Paul, brother. Paul Veronese. Painter 1530?. 1588 

Cagliostro, Alexander, Count. Joseph Balsamo. Impostor 1743. .1795 

Cagnatus, Marsilius. Medical Writer at Rome — . . 1610 

Cagnola, Louis, Marquis. Italian Architect 1762. .1833 

Cagnoli, Anthony. Italian Astronomer and Philosopher 1743. .1816 

Canaignes, James. Medical Writer of Caen 1548. .1612 

Cahusac, Louis de. French Dramatist 1700. .1759 

Caiet, or Cayet, Peter Victor Palma. French Writer. . . . 1525. .1610 



540 
808 



37i 

685 

695 

213? 

856 

557; 

526? 
543 

625 

640? 

624 

480? 

450 

803 

821 

828 

726 

797 

797 

804 



80 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BOR>*. DIED. 

Caille, Nicholas Louis de la. French Astronomer 171 3. .1762 

Caillie, Rene, or Auguste. French Traveler *799- • 1838 

Cairo, Francis. Cavalier e del Cairo. Historical and Por- 
trait Fainter 1598. .1674 

Caius, or Gaius. Roman Jurist ti. Antonines 

Caius, or Gaius. Ecclesiastical Historian fl. 2io ? 

Caius. Bishop of Rome (283-96) — . . 296 

Caius, Bernard. Italian Medical Writer fl. 1610 

Caius, Kaye, John. Fpunder of Caius College 1510. .1573 

Caius, Thomas. Master of University College, Oxford. . — . .1572 

Cajetan, Constantine. Italian Benedictine; Writer 1560. .1650 

Cajetan, Thomas de Vio, Cardinal. Theologian J 469- -1534 

Calaber, Quintus. Greek Poet. (Paralipomena) fl. 491 : ' 

Calabrese, Matthias Preti. Italian Painter . : 1613 . . 1699 

Calamy, Benj.,D. d. Church Div. (Scrupulous Conscience) — ..1686 
Calamy, Edmund. Nonconformist. (Smectymnuus) . . . . 1600.. 1666 
Calamy, Edm., d. d. Dissent. Div. (Lives of Nonconf.) 1677. .1732 

Calandrucei, Hyacinth. Roman Painter 1646. .1707 

Calas, John. Protestant of Toulouse ; judicially murdered 1698 . . 1 762 
Calasio, Marios de. Orient, at Rome. (Heb. Concordance) 1550?. 1620 

Calatrava, Joseph Mary. Spanish Statesman 1781 . . 1846 

Calcagnini, Ccelio. Soldier, Poet, and Antiquary 1479- -1541 

Calear, or Keikar, John Stephen von. Painter 1499- • T 546 

Calceolari. Italian Botanist. (Iter Baldi Montis) fl. 1566-86 

Caldara, Anthony. Italian Musical Composer 1678. .1763 

Caldara, or Polydore da Caravaggio. Painter 1495 . .1543 

Caldas, Francis Joseph. Spanish Naturalist i773 ? 1816 

Calder, Sir Robert. Admiral 1745 . . 1818 

Calderari, Ottone. Italian Architect i73°- • 1803 

Caldermi, Domitio. Itahan Philologist and Gen. Scholar 1446. .1478 

Calderon de la Barca, Pedro. Spanish Dramatist 1601 . . 1687 

Calderwood, David. Scot. Presbyt. (Altare Damascenum) 15 7^.. 1651? 

Caldwall, Richard. Physician. 1513- -1585 

Caled, or Khaled. Mohammedan Commander — .. 642? 

Calendario, Philip. Venetian Architect and Sculptor. . . fl. jt,^ 
Calentius, Elisius. Neapol. Poet. (Battle of Frogs $ Mice) 1450?. 1503 

Calepino, or Da Calepio, Ambrose. Lexicographer H35- .1511 

Caletti, Joseph. 11 Cremonese. Painter i6oo ? . 1660 

Calhoun, John Caldwell. American Statesman 1782. .1850 

Caliavari, Luke. Italian Painter 1665. .1715 

Caligny, John Antenor Hue de. French Engineer 1657. . 1 731 

Caligula. Roman Emperor (37-41) 12. . 41 

Calixtus, George, of Helmstadt. Lutheran Theologian. 

Life by Dowding, 1864 1586. . 1656 

Calkoen van Beek, John Frederick. Dutch Astronomer 

and Mathematician 1772. .1811 

Callard, J. Baptist, of Caen. (Etymological Med. Lexicon) 1630. .1718 

Callcott, Sir Augustus Wall, r. a. Painter 1779- • 1S44 

Callcott, John Wall. Musical Composer. Life by Horsley 1766 . . 1821 

Callcott, Maria (Graham, and Dundas), Lady. Writer 1788.. 1842 

Calle, John Francis. French Mathematician 1744- • x 798 

Callenberg, John Henry. Orient, and Promot. of Missions 1694. .1760 

Callett, John Francis. French Mathematician I 744- -1798 

Calliach, Nicholas. Writer at Padua. (De Ludis Scenicis) 1645 . . 1707 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 81 

BORN. DIED. 

Callicratidas. Spartan Admiral — B.c.406 

Callieres, Francis de. French Statesman and Writer . . . 1645. .1717 

Callimachus. Alexandrian Grammarian and Poet — B. 0.240? 

Callisthen.es, of (Jlynthus. Greek Historian fl. B.C. 328? 

Callistus, Johannes Andronicus, of Constantinople. Pro- 
moter of Greek Learning in Italy fl. 1453 

Callixtus I. Pope (219-22) — . . 222 

Callixtus II. (11 19-24.) Guy de Bourgogne — . . 1 124 

Callixtus III. (1455-58.) Alphonse Bar gin — . . 1458 

Callot, James. French Artist and Engraver I S93- ■ J ^35 

Cally, Peter. French Divine and Cartesian Philosopher. — .-i7°9 
Calmet, Augustin. (Diet, of Bible.) Life by Dom Fange* 1672. .1757 
Calmo, Andrew. Venetian Actor and Comic Writer ... . 1510?. 1571 

Calogiera, Angelo. Italian Scholar 1699. .1768 

Calomarde, Francis Tadeo. Spanish Statesman 1775 • • T ^4 2 

Calonne, Charles Alexander de. French Minister J 734- • l &° 2 

Calovius, Abraham. Lutheran Polemical Divine 1612. . 1686 

Calprenede, Gautier de Costes, Seign. de. Romance Writ. i6i2 ? . 1663 
Calpurnius, Titus Julius. Sicilian Latin Pastoral Poet. . fl. ab. 290 
Calvart, or Calvaert, Denis. Fiammingo. Dutch Painter 1555. .1619 
Calvert, Geo., First Lord Baltimore. Founder of Maryland 1582. . 1632 

Calvert, James. Nonconformist. (Naphthali) — . . 1698 

Calvidus Lsetus. See Quillet. ( Callipcedia) 1602. . 1661 

Calvin, John. Life by Bungener ; Jerome Bolsec, 1572 ; 
Beza; Papire Masson ; Dr. Paul Henry, 1835-44, tr. by 
Stebbing, 1849; J. M. V. Audin, 1840; J. Dyer, 1849; 

Strahelin, 1863 1509. -1564 

Calvisius, Seth. German Chronologer 1556. . 161 5 

Calvus, C. Licinius Macer. Roman Advocate and Poet. . 82.46? B.C. 

Camargo, Mary Ann Cuppi. Dancer of Brussels 1710. .1770 

Camassei, or Camace, Andrew. Italian Painter 1602. . 1648 

Cambaceres, John James Re"gis de. French Statesman. 1753. .1824 

Cambert, Robert. French Musician in England 1628. . 1677 

Cambiaso, Luca. Lucheito of Genoa. Fresco Painter. .. 1527. .1585 

Cambini, Louis. Italian Composer 1746. . 1832? 

Cambis-Velleron, Joseph Louis Dominic, Marquis de. 

Book Collector and Historian 1706. .1772 

Cambon, Joseph. French Statesman 1754 . . 1820 

Cambridge, Adolphus Fred., Duke of. Son of George. III. 1774. .1850 
Cambridge, Richard, Earl of. Conspirator ; beheaded . . — -.1415 

Cambridge, Richard Owen. Writer. (Scribleriad) 1717..1802 

Cambronne, Peter Jas. Stephen, Baron de. Fr. General 1770. .1842 

Cambyses. Second King of Persia (b.c. 528-521) — B.c.521 

Camden, Charles Pratt, First Earl. Lord Chancellor 171 3. .1794 

Camden, John Jeffries Pratt, First Marquess. Lord-Lieut. 1759. . 1840 
Camden, Wm. Antiq. Life by Thos. Smith, 1691 ; Gough 1551 . . 1623 

Camerarius, Joachim. German Scholar and Writer 1500. .1574 

Camerarius, Joachim, son. Botanist 1 534. . 1593 

Cameron, Sir Alan. Colonel of Cameron Highlanders. .. — . . 1828 
Cameron, Donald, grandson of Evan. The Gentle Lochiel — ..1748 
Cameron, Sir Evan. Ld. of Lochiel. Ulysses of the Highlds. — ..1719 
Cameron, John. Scot. Theologian ; taught in France. .1580?. 1625 or 6 
Cameron, Richard. Covenanter. Founder of Cameronians — ..1680 

Camidge, John, mus. doc Musical Composer 1790?. 1859 

6 

• 



82 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Camillus, Marcus Furius. Dictator — B.c.365 

Camoens, Louis de. Portuguese Poet. (Lusiad.) Life by 

Adamson, 1820 1524?. 1579 

Campailla, Thomas. Italian Philosopher and Naturalist. 1668. .1740 

Campan, Madame de. Educationist i75 2 - • 1822 

Campanella, Thos. Ital. Philos. L. by Baldacchini, 1840 1568 . . 1639 

Campani, John Anthony. Italian Scholar 1427. . 1477 

Campani, Joseph and Matthew. Italian Opticians fl. 17th c. 

Campanus, John, of Navara. Italian Mathematician ... fl. 13th c. 

Campbell, Sir Alexander. Lieutenant-General 1759. . 1824 

Campbell, Archib., Marq. Argyle. Covenanter. Beheaded 1598.. 1661 
Campbell, Archib. E. Argyle, son. Royalist. Beheaded — ..1685 
Campbell, Archib., Bishop of Aberdeen. (Middle State) — ..1744? 
Campbell, Colin. Architect. (Vitruvius Britannicus) . . . — .-1734 

Campbell, Colin, Lord Clyde. Field Marshal 1792. .1863 

Campbell, George, d. d. Principal of Marischal College. 

(Gospels; Miracles.) Life by Dr. Skene Keith 1719- .1796 

Campbell, Sir James, of Ardkinglas. Life by self, 1832 . . 1745 • • 1840? 
Campbell, John, Second Duke of Argyle and. Greenwich. 

See Argyle and Greenwich 1678. .1743 

Campbell, John, ll. d. Historian, Biographer, and Po- 
litical Writer. (Admirals; Voyages and Travels) .... 1708. .1775 

Campbell, John. Admiral — . . 1 790 

Campbell, Rev. John. Missionary to Africa. L. by Phuip 1766. .1840 
Campbell, John, Lord. Lord Chanc. (Lives of the Chanc.) 1781 . . 1861 
Campbell, Rev. John N., d. d. American Clergyman and 

Scholar 1798- .1864 

Campbell, Sir Neil. General; Governor of Sierra Leone. 1770?. 1827 
Campbell, Thos., ll. b. Poet. L. by Dr. W. Beattie, 1849 1777. . 1844 

Campe, Joachim Henry. German Writer 1746. . 1818 

Campeggio, Lorenzo. Cardinal J 474- ■ J539 

Campeggio, Thomas, brother. Ecclesiastical Writer. .. . 1500.. 1564 
Campenon, Francis Nicholas Vincent. French Poet. . . . 1772. .1843 

Camper, Peter. Dutch Physician and Naturalist 1722. .1789 

Camphuysen, Dyrk Theodore Raphael. Dutch Painter. 1586.. 1627 
Campi, Anthony." Paint. & Arch. (Hist of Cremona) . bef. 1536 aft.1591 
Campi, Bemardin. Italian Painter & Writer on Painting 1522 . . 1 590? 

Campi, Galeas. Italian Painter 1475 . . 1536 

Campi, Julius. Italian Painter 1500?. 1572 

Campi, Vincent. Painter I 53 2? - 1591 

Campian, Edmund. English Jesuit and Author 1540- .1581 

Campidoglio, Michael Angelo. Painter at Rome 1610. . 1670 

Campion, Alexander de. French Historical Writer 1610. . 1670 

Campion, or Champion, Thomas. Poet . . .' fl. 1604 

Campistron, John Galbert de. French Dramatic Poet . . 1656. .1723 
Campo, or Campi, q.v., Anthony. Ital. Hist. Writer, .bef. 1536 aft.1591 

Campolongo, Emmanuel. Italian Poet 1732. . 1801 

Campomanes, Peter Rodriguez. Spanish Statesman . . . 1723. .1802 

Campra, Andrew. French Musical Composer 1660. .1744 

Camps, Francis de. Abbe de Ligny. Historical Writer 1643. .1723 

Carnuccini, Vincent. Roman Painter 1775?. 1844 

Camus, Anthony le. French Physician and Writer 1722. .1772 

Camus, Armand Gaston. French Politician 1740- • 1804 

Camus, Charles Stephen Louis. French Mathematician . 1699. .1768 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 83 

TiORN. DIES. 

Camus, Francis Joseph de. French Mechanician 1672. .1732? 

Camus, John Peter. Pont Carre. French Prelate 1582. . 1652 

Camus, Stephen le. French Cardinal ; Writer 1632. .1707 

Camusat, Nicholas. Fr. Historian. ( Melanges Hisloriques) 1575 • • I ^55 
Canaletto, or Canale, Anthony. II Toninu. Venet. Paint. 1697. .1768 
Canaui, John Baptist, of Ferrara. The Young. Anatomist 1 5 1 5 . . 1 5 79 

Canaye, Philip de la,' Sieur du Fresne. Statesman 1551 . .1610 

Cancellieri, Francis Jerome. Ital. Scholar. L. by Beraldi 1 751 .. 1826 

Cancrin, George. Russian Statesman 1774- • l8 45 

Candiac, John Louis Eliz. de Montcalm de. Precocious Child 1719. . 1726 

Candido, Peter. Dutch Historical Painter 1548?. 1599 

Candolle, Augustin Pyramus de. Botanist i77&- • l8 4 I 

Cane, John Vincent. "English Franciscan. Author — . . 1672 

Canga-Arguelles, Joseph. Spanish Statesman & Writer 1770. . 1843 

Cange, Charles du Fresne du. See Du Cange 1610. . 1688 

Cangiago, or Cambisi, Louis. Genoese Painter i5 2 7- • I 5^5 

Canini, Angelo. Greek Scholar and Orientalist 1521 . . 1557 

Canino, Prince of. See Bonaparte. 

Cariisius, Henry. Canonist and Antiquary — • • 1610 

Canisius, Peter. German Jesuit ; Theologian 1520.. 1597 

Cariitz, Fred. Rodolphus Louis, Baron von. Poet & Statesm. 1654. . 1699 
Canne, John. English Puritan Divine at Amsterdam ... 11. 1664 
Canning, Charles J ohn, Earl. Governor-General of India 1812 . . 1862 
Canning, George. Statesman. Life by A. G. Stapleton, 

1831 ; Robert Bell, 1846 i77°- • l8z 7 

Cano, Alonzo. Spanish Painter 1601 . . 1665 

Cano, John Sebastian del. Spanish Circumnavigator — . .1526 

Cano, Melchior, of Salamanca. (Loci Theologici) 1523. . 1560 

Canonica, Louis. Italian Architect i74 2 - • l8 34 

Canoppi, Anthony. Italian Artist in Russia i773 ? - l8 3 2 

Canormus. German Mineralogist ^Z^- ■ — 

Canova, Anthony. Sculptor. Life by Missirini ; Quatre- 

mere de Quincy * 1757- - l822 

Canovai, Stanislaus. Italian Ecclesiastic and Historian. . 1740. . 1811 
Canstein, Charles Hildebrand, Baron. German Printer. . 1667. .1719 
Cantacuzenus, John. Emp. of Constantinople. Historian 1300?. 1411? 

Cantarini, Simon. II Pezarese. Painter 161 2. . 1648 

Cantel, Peter Joseph.. Jesuit, of Caux ; Writer 1645 . . 1684 

Cantemir, Antiochus. Russian Ambassador and Poet. . . 1709. .1744 
Cantemir, Demetrius. Moldavian Prince. Historian. . . 1673. .1723 

Canter, Theodore. Critic. ( Varice Lectiones) 1545 .. 161 7 

Canter, William, brother. Critic. (Novce Lectiones) 1542. .1575 

Canterbury, Charles Manners Sutton, Visct. Statesman 1780. . 1845 

Canton, John. Experimental Philosopher 1718 . . 1772 

Cantoni, Simon. Milanese Architect — . . 1S1S 

Cantwell, Andrew. Medical Writer of Tipperary — . . 1 764 

Canute. King of England and Denmark. The Great.. 995'- I0 35 

Canuti, Dominic. Italian Painter 1620. . 1678 

Capaecio, Julius Crcsar. Italian Historical Writer 1560. . 1631 

Capasso, Nicholas. Italian Theologian, Jurist, and Poet 1671 . .1745 
Capece-Latro, Joseph. Italian Prelate and Statesman. . 1744. .1836 

Capecio, Scipio. Neapolitan Latin Poet — . .1562? 

Capel, Arthur, Ld. Royalist; behead. {Drihj Meditations) i6oo ? .i649 
Capel, Arthur, Earl Essex. Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland. . 1635 . . 1683 



84 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Capell, Edward. Editor of Shakespeare 1713- -1781 

Capella, Galeas Flavius: Italian Historian 1487 . .1537 

Capella, Guarino. Italian Macaronic Poet fl. 16th c. 

Capella, Marcianus Mineus Felix. Roman Polygrapher. . fl. 5th c. 
Capellen, G. A. G. P. van der. Dutch Gov. of E. Indies. 1778. .1848 

Capello, Bianca. "Wife of Cosmo de' Medici 1542?. 1587 

Capellus, or Cappel, Louis. French Divine and Hebraist 1585 . . 1658 

Capilupus, Laslius. Latin Poet 1498. .1560 

Capistran, St. John de. Neapol. Preacher against Heresy 1385 . . 1458 
Capito, Wolfgang Fabricius. Reformer and Scholar .... 1478. . 1541 

Capitolinus, Julius. Eoman Historian fl. 3d c. 

Capmany y Montpalau, Anthony de. Spanish Philolo- 
gist and Historian I74 2 - -1813 

Capo d'Istria, John Anthony, Count of » 1776 . . 1831 

Caporali, C*sar. French Comic Poet 1531 . . 1601 

Capozzoli, Dominic, Patrick, and Donlo. Neapolitan 

Patriot Brothers — . . 1829 

Cappe, Newcoine. Dissenting Divine. ( On Providence) 1733. .1800 

Cappel, James. French Jurisconsult — . .1542 

Cappel, James. French Jurisconsult 1525 . .1586 

Cappel, James. French Theologian 1570. .1624 

Cappel, Louis. French Protestant Theologian 1534- .1586 

Cappel, Louis. French Theol. {Arcanum Punctuationis) 1585. .1658 

Cappel, William. French Theologian fl.i5th c. 

Cappel, William. French Writer I 53°- .1586 

Cappello, Bernard. Italian Poet 1500?. 1565 

Capperonier, Claude. French Scholar 1671 . .1744 

Capponi, Seraphino Annibal. Theologian 1 53&- .1614 

Caprara, John Baptist. Cardinal ^733- • 1810 

Caracalla. Emperor of Rome (211-17) 188.. 217 

Caraeci, Annibal. Painter 1560. . 1609 

Caraeci, Anthony. Venetian Painter 1583 . . 1618 

Caracei, Augustine. Painter.* 1558. .1602 

Caraeci, Francis. Franceschini. Italian Designer 1595 . . 1622 

Caraeci, Louis. Painter 1555 . . 1619 

Caraccio, Anthony. Italian Poet. ( Coradino) 1630. .1702 

Caraccioli, Francis. Neapolitan Admiral; hanged 1770. .1799 

Caraeeioli, Louis Anth. Fr. Writ. {Letters of Ganganelli) 1721 . . 1803 

Caraccioli, Robert. French Divine and Politician 1425 . . 1495 

Caractacus. British Chief fl. 51 

Caradog. Historian. ( Chronicle of Wales) — . . 1156? 

Caraglio, John James. Italian Engraver 1500?. 1571 

Caramuel de Lobkowitz, John. Controversialist 1606. . 1682 

Carausius. Usurper of the Empire in Britain (287-93). . 250?. 293 
Caravaggio, Michael Angelo da. Amerighi. Painter... 1569.. 1609 

Caravaggio, Polidoro da. CaMara. Painter 1495 . .1543 

Carcavi, Peter de. Mathematician and Bibliographer .. . — ..1684 
Cardan, Jerome. Phys. and Mathem. L. by Morley, 1852 1501. .1576 
Cardi, Louis. Civoli, or Cigoli. Tuscan Paint. & Engrav. 1559. .1613 

Cardon, Anthony. Belgian Engraver 1772. . 1813 

Cardonne, Denis Dominic de. Orientalist 1720. .1783 

Carduccio, or Carducho, Bartholomew. Italian Painter, 

Architect, Sculptor, in Spain 1560 . . 1610 

Carduccio, Vincent, brother. Italian Painter in Spain. . 1568.. 1638 






A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 85 

BORN, 

Cardwell, Rev. Dr. Edward, of Oxford. ( Conferences).. 1787 

Careme, Mary Anthony. French Cook 1784 

Carew, Sir Alexander. Republican Politician — 

Carew, Bampfylde Moore. King of Beggars. L. byGoadby 1693 

Carew, Sir George. Ambassador. (Negotiations) — 

Carew, George, Earl of Totness. (Pacata Hibernia) 1557 

Carew, Sir Peter. Life by J. Maclean — 

Carew, Richard. (Survey of Cornwall) 1555 

Carew, Thomas. Poet 1 589 

Carey, Henry, 2d E. Monmouth. Writer and Translator 1596 

Carey, Henry. Musician and Poet — 

Carey, Matthew. American Publisher and Author 1760 

Carey, Robert. First Earl of Monmouth. (Memoirs). . . — 
Carey, Dr. William. Baptist Missionary in India. Life 

by J. C. Marshman, 1859 ; Eustace Carey 1761 

Carez, Joseph. French Printer 1753 

CargiU, Donald. Scotch Presbyterian and Covenanter. . 1610 

Carinus, Emperor of Rome (283-85) — 

Carissimi, John James. Roman Musical Composer. . .1582. aft 
Carleton, Sir Dudley, Ld. Dorchester. Statesm. (Letters) 1573 

Carleton, George. Bishop of Chichester 1559 

Carleton, Sir Guy, Lord Dorchester. General 1724 

Carli, John Rinaldo. Italian Antiquary 1720 

Carlingford, Theobald Taafe, Earl of — 

Carlini, Augustine. Italian Painter in England — 

Carlini, Francis. Italian Astronomer 1785 

Carlino, Charles Anthony Bertinazzi. Italian Harlequin 171 3 

Carlisle, Sir Anthony. "Surgeon and Physiologist 1768 

Carlisle, Frederick Howard, 5th Earl of;" uncle of Byron 1748 
Carlisle, George William Frederick Howard, Seventh Earl 

of, and Lord Morpeth. Statesman 1802 

Carlisle, Nicholas. Antiquary 1771 

Carlone, John. Genoese Painter 159° 

Carlos, Don. Infant of Spain and Pretender 1788 

Carlstadt, Andrew Bodenstein. Prot. Oppon. of Luther. 1483 
Carlyle, Rev. Alexander, d.d. (Memoirs of his Own Time) 1721 

Carlyle, Rev. Joseph Dacre. Orientalist and Poet 1759 

Carlyon, Clement, m.d. (Early Years and Late Reflections) — 

Carmagnola, Francis. Bussone. Italian General 1390 

Carmer, John Henry Casimir, Ct. Prussian Statesman. . 1721 
Carmichael, Frederick. Scotch Divine. (Sermons).. . . 1708 

Carmichael, Gerrhom. Scottish Writer 1682 

Carmichael, Richard. Surgeon and Medical Writer. . . . 1779 

Carmontelle. French Writer. (Proverbs) 1717 

Carnarvon, Henry John George Herbert, Third Earl of. 

Author, Traveler, and Politician 1800 

Came, John. Traveler. (Lives of Missionaries) 1789 

Carneades, of Cyrene. Philosopher 2i3 ? . 129 

Carnegie, Sir Robert, of Kinnaird. Statesman & Lawyer — 
Carnot, Lazare Nicholas Marguerite. Math, and Statesm. 1753 

Caro, Annibal. Italian Poet 1507 

Carolan, Turlough O'. Irish Poet and Musical Composer 1670 

Caroline, of Anspach. Queen of George 1 1682 

Caroline, of Brunswick. Queen of George IV 1768 



86 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BOEN. DIED. 

Caroline Matilda, Queen of Denmark 1751 . . 1775 

Caroto, John Francis. Italian Painter 1470 . .1546 

Carove, Frederick William. German Critical Writer . . . 17S9. .1852 

Carpani, Joseph. Italian Dramatist and Writer on Music 1752. .1825 

Carpenter, Dr. Lant. Unitarian Divine 1780. . 1840 

Carpenter, Rev. Nathaniel. Writer 1588 . . 1628? 

Carpentier, Peter. (Supplement to Du Cange) 1697. .1767 

Carpentier. French Arithmetician 1739?. 1778 

Carpi, Hugo da. Paint. & Engrav. ; Invent, of Chiaroscuro 1486? . 1530 

Carpi, Jerome da. Painter of Ferrara 1501 . .1556 

Carpini, John de Piano. Italian Traveler in Tartary fl. 1245-48 

Carpocrates, or Carpocras. Alexandrian Theologian ... fl. 2d c. 

Carpone, Julius. Painter 161 1 . 

Carpzov, Benedict. Professor of Law at Wittemberg .. . 1565. 

Carpzov, John Bened., sen. Lutheran Divine at Leipsic 1607. 

Carpzov, John Bened., jr. Biblical & Rabbinical Writer 1639. 

Carpzov, John Gottlob. Lutheran Orientalist J679. 

Carr, John, of York. Architect 1721 . 

Carr, Sir John. Attorney & Writ. (Stranger in France) 1772. 

Carr, or Ker, Robert, Viscount Rochester, Earl of Somer- 
set. Favorite of James I — . 

Carr, Rev. William Hohvell. Picture Collector 1759- 

Carra, John Louis. French Revolutionist I 743- 

Carracci. See Caracci. 

Carranza, Bartholomew. Abp. of Toledo and Writer. . . 1503. 

Carre, Louis. French Mathematician 1663. 

Carrel, J. Bapt. Nich. Armand. French Political Writer 1800. 

Carrenno de Miranda, John de. Spanish Painter .... 1614. 

Carrer, Louis. Italian Poet 1801 . 

Carrera, Peter. Sicilian Writ, on Chess. (Hist, of Catana) 1571. 

Carreri, John Francis Gemelli. Neapolitan Traveler. 

( Giro del Mondo) 165 1 . 

Carrier, John Baptist. French Revolutionist 1756. 

Carriera, Rosalba. Female Painter 1675 . 

Carrieres, Louis de. French Biblical Commentator 1662. 

Carrington, Noel Thomas. Poet. {Dartmoor) 1777. 

Cairo, John de. Champion of Vaccination i77°- 

Carroll, Chas., of Carrollton. Amer. Revolutionary Patriot 1737. 

Carroll, John. First Rom. Cath. Abp. in United States 1735. 

Carron, Guy Toussaint Julian. (Reflexions Chretiennes). 1760. 

Carstairs, Rev. William. (State Papers.) Life by 

M'Cormick, 1774 1649 . 

Carstens, Asmus Jacob. Danish Painter 1754. 

Carsughi, Rainer. Tuscan Jesuit; Latin Poet and Writer 1647. 

Carte, Rev. Samuel. Chronologist 1652. 

Carte, Thomas. Historian 1686. 

Carter, Mrs. Elizabeth. Writer. L. by Pennington, 1816 171 7. 

Carter, Francis. Writ. (Journey from Malaga to Gibraltar) — . 

Carter, James Gordon. American Educationist 1795 • 

Carter, John. Artist, Architect, and Antiquarv. Life 

by J. W. Dampier, 1850 1748. 

Carter, Nathaniel Hazeltine. American Writer 1787. 

Carter, Thomas. Musical Composer 1768. 

Carteret, Sir George. Loyalist 1599- 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 87 

BORN. DIED. 

Carteret, John, Earl Granville. Orator and Statesman.. 1690. .1763 

Carteret, Philip. Navigator fl. 1766-69 

Carteromaeo, Scipio. Greek Scholar at Venice 1467. .1513 

Cartes, Rene" des. See Descartes !596. • 1650 

Cartier, or Quartier, James. Fr. Navig. & Explorer. . 1494. aft. 1536 

Cartouche, Louis Dominic. French Bandit J ^93- .1721 

Cartwright, Christopher. Divine and Hebraist 1602 -. 1652 

Cartwright, Rev. Dr. Edmund. Poet. Inventor of 

Power Loom. {Armine and Elvira) !743- • i$ 2 3 

Cartwright, Major John. Polit. Wr. L. b} r his niece, 1826 1740. . 1824 

Cartwright, Thomas. Puritan Divine 1 535 ? . 1603 

Cartwright, William. Divine and Poet 1611 . . 1643 

Cams. Emperor of Rome (282-83) 223?. 2S3 

Caruso, Louis. Neapolitan Musical Composer 1754. aft. 1S00 

Carvajal, Thos. Jos. Gonzalez. Span. Statesman & Author 1753. .1834 
Carvalho da Costa, Anthony. ( Corograplda Portuguese) 1650. .1715 
Carvalho da Silva, Joseph. * Spanish Writer & Publicist 1782. .1845 

Carver, John. First Governor of Plymouth Colony — . .1621 

Carver, Capt. Jona. Traveler. L. by Dr. Lettsom, 1781 1732. .1780 
Cary, Col. Archibald. American Patriot and Statesman 1730. .1786 

Cary, Felix, of Marseilles. Medallic Historian 1699. .1754 

Cary, Henry. 1st Visct. Falkland. Ld. Deputy of Ireland — --1633 

Cary, Henry, Earl of Monmouth. Translator 1596?. 1 661 

Cary, Rev. Henry Francis. Translator of Dante. Life by 

Rev. H. Cary 1772. .1844 

Cary, Lott. Co-founder of Liberia 1 710.. 1828 

Cary, Lucius. Viscount Falkland; fell at Newbury i6io ? . 1643 

Cary, Robert, ll.d. Chronologist. {Palozologia Chronica) 1615?. 1688 
Caryl, Joseph. Nonconf. Divine. {Commentary on Job) 1602. .1673 

Caryll, John. Earl Caryll. Poet — ..i7i7 ? 

Casa, John de la. Italian Writer. ( Galateo) 1503. . 1556 

Casanova, Francis. Painter 1727. . 1805 

Casanova, James. Adventurer 1725 . . 1803 

Casanova, John Baptist. Painter 1730. -1798 

Casanova, Mark Anthony. Latin Poet 1476. .1527 

Casas, Bartholomew de las. Spanish Missionaiy to South 

America. {History of Indies) 1474- .1566 

Casati, Paul. Italian Jesuit. Mathematician 161 7. .1707 

Casaubon, Isaac. Critic and Commentator 1559.. 1614 

Casaubon, Meric, D. d., son. Writer. {Enthusiasm)... 1599.. 1671 
Casea, P. Servilius. Conspirator against Julius Cresar. . . 1st c. B.C. 
Case, John. Physician and Philosopher. {Summa Vete- 

rum Interpretiim) — . . 1600 

Case, Thomas. Nonconformist Divine 1598?. 1682 

Casel, John. German Writer 1533. . 1613 

Caseneuve, Peter de. French Antiquary 1 591 .. 1652 

Cases, Count de. See Las Cases 1766. .1842 

Cases, Peter James. French Painter 1676. .1754 

Casimir I. King of Poland (1040-58) — . . 1058 

Casimirll. The Just. King of Poland (1177-94) 1117..1194 

Casimir III. The Great. King of Poland (1333-70). . . 1309. .1370 

Casimir IV. King of Poland (1447-92) 1428. . 1492 

Casimir V. John. Cardinal. King of Poland (1048-68) 1609. .1672 
Casimir Sarbievlus. Polish Lyric Poet 1595 . . 1640 



88 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Casiri, Michael. Spanish Orientalist 1710 . . 1791 

Caslon, "William. Letter Founder 1692 .1766 

Cassagues, James. French Poet 1636 . . 1679 

Cassana, John Augustine. Animal Painter 1664 . . 1 720 

Cassana, Nicholas, brother. Italian Painter !659- -1713 

Cassander. General of Alexander. Kingof Macedon. .354.296 B.C. 

Cassander, Francis. French Classical Translator — . . 1695 

Cassander, George. German Theologian. (Consultatio) 1515. .1566 

Cassandra, Fidele. Venetian Scholar 1465?. 1558 

Cassentino, James di. Florentine Painter 1276. .1356 

Casserio, Julius, of Placentia. Anatomist 1545 . . 1616 

Cassiani, Julian. Italian Lyric Poet 1712. .1778 

Cassianus, Joannes. Joannes Massiliensis, or Joannes 

Eremita. Christian Teacher of the Early Church .... — aft. 433 
Cassini, Alexander Henry Gabriel, Count de, son of James 

Dominic. Magistrate and Naturalist 1781 . . 1832 

1784 
1756 
1845 
1712 



Cassini de Thury, Caesar Francis, son of James. Astron. 1714 

Cassini, James, son of John Dominic. Astronomer 1677. 

Cassini, James Dominic, Count de, son of Caes. F. Astron. 1747. 

Cassini, John Dominic. French Astronomer Royal 1625 . 

Cassiodorus, Magnus Aurelius. Statesman and Writer. 

Life by Denis Sainte Marthe, 1694 468? 

Cassius, Longinus Caius. Murderer of Caesar — b 

Cassivelaunus. British Chief fl. b.« 

Castagno, Andreas del. Historic Painter 1409? 

Castaldi, Cornelius. Italian Poet 1480? 

Castalio, Sebastian. Martin Bellius. Genevese Theologian 15 15. 
Castanheda, Ferdinand Lopez de. Portuguese Historian 1501? 
Castarios, Francis Xavier de, Duke of Baylen. Span. Gen. 1756 . 

Casteels, Peter. Painter of Antwerp 1684. 

Castel, Louis Bertrand. Jesuit of Montpellier; Mathem. 1688. 

Castell, Rev. Edmund v (Lexicon Heptaglolton) 1606. 

Castellane, Esprit V. E. B. Count de. Marshal of France 1788. 

Castelli, Benedict. Italian Mathematician 15 77- 

Castelli, Bernard. Italian Painter and Engraver 1557. 

Castelli, Valerio, son. Painter 1625 . 

Castellio, Sebastian. French Theologian I 5 I 5- 

Castello, Gabriel Lancelot Sicilian Antiquary 1727. 

Castelnau, Henrietta Julia de, Ctss. de Murat. Fr. Writer 1670 . 

Castelnau, Michael de. Statesman. (Memoirs) 1520? 

Castelvetro, Louis. Italian Scholar 1505 . 

Casti, John Baptist. Italian Poet 1721 . 

Castiglione, Balthazar. Statesm. & Poet. (// Cortegiano) 1478. 
Castiglione, John Benedict. II Grechetto. Genoese Paint. 1616. 
Castiglione, or Castaglione, Joseph. Poet and Critic ... — . 

Castillejo, Christoval de. Spanish Poet — . 

Castillo y Saavedra, Antonio del. Spanish Painter. . . . 1603 . 
Castillo, Fred. de. Spanish Writer on Dominican Order. 1529? 

Castillo, John Baptist. II Bergamasco. Painter 1500. 

Castlemaine, Roger Palmer, Earl of — . 

Castlereagh, Robert Stewart, Viscount, Second Marquess 

of Londonderry. Life by Alison 1 769 . 

Castraeani. See Castruccio 1284. 

Castren, Matthias Alexander. Finnish Philologist 1813. 



568? 
c. 42 

-54 
480? 

537 
563 
559 
852 

749 
757 
685 
862 
644 
629 
659 

794 
716 
592 

57i 

803 

529 

670 

616 

556 ? 

667 

593 
570 

7o5 

822 
328 
852 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 89 

BORN. DIED. 

Castries, C E. G. de la Croix, Count de. French General 1727. . 1801 
Castro, Alphonsode. Span. Franciscan. ( A gainst Heresies) 1495?. 1558 
Castro, Ines de. Wife of Pedro of Portugal ; assassinated — . . 1355 
Castro, John de. Port. Viceroy. L. by Freire de Andrada 1500. . 1 548 

Castro, Paul de. Italian Jurist — . . 1437 

Castro, Peter di. Italian Painter — . . 1663 

Castrucci, Peter. Italian Violinist 1690?. 1769 

Castruccio Castracani. Italian Soldier and Poet. Life 

by Aldus Manutius, jr. ; Macchiavelli, tr. by Guillet. 1284.. 1328 

Caswell, Richard. American Revolutionary Soldier 1729. .1789 

Cat, Claude Nicholas le. French Surgeon and Anatomist 1700. .1768 

Catalani, Angelica. Italian Singer 1782. .1849 

Cataldi, Peter Anthony. Italian Computer 1548?. 1626 

Catchpole, Margaret. " Convict. Life by R. Cobbold. . . . 1773. .1841 

Catel, Charles Simon. French Musician 1773- • 1830 

Catel, Francis. German Artist 1778. .1856 

Catel, Wm., of Toulouse. Hist. (Hist, of Counts of Toulouse) 1560.. 1626 

Catellan, Maria C. P. M. de. French Poetess 1662. .1745 

Catesby, Mark. Naturalist i68o ? . 1749 

Cathcart, Sir George. General; fell in the Crimea 1 794- -1854 

Cathcart, William Schaw, First Earl of. General 1755 . . 1843 

Cathelineau, James. Vendean General 1 7S9- • 1793 

Catherine, St., of Sienna. Nun of Dominican Order . ». 1347. .1380 
Catherine, St., of Bologna. Nun of Order St. Clare .... 1413. .1463 
Catherine of France. Queen of Henry V. of England. 

Life by Baudot de Juilli, 1696 1401 . . 1438 

Catherine of Aragon. Queen of Henry VIII 1483 . . 1536 

Catherine Howard. Queen of Henry VIII 1521 or 2 . 1542 

Catherine Parr. Queen of Henry Vin 1513- -1548 

Catherine Paulowna. Queen of Wiirtemberg 1788. . 1819 

Catherine de' Medici. Queen of Hemy II. of France. 

Life by Eugenio Alberi, 1838 1519. • 1589 

Catherine of Braganza. Queen of Charles II. of England 1638 . .1705 
Catherine I. Empress of Russia ; wife of Peter the Great 1682 . . 1 727 
Catherine H. Empress of Russia. Life bv W. Tooke ; 

Segur; J.Mottley,1744; J. Castera,tr. by Hunter, 1800 1729. .1796 
Catiline, Lucius Sergius. ■ Conspirator. Life by Sallust . — B.C. 62 
Catineau-Laroche, Peter Mary Sebastian. Fr. Lexicog. 1772. .1828 
Catinat de la Fauconnerie, Nicholas. French General 1637. .1712 
Cato, Dionysius. Latin Moralist. (Disticha de Moribus.) 

See Travers, Dissertatio, &c., 1839 ti. Antonines? 

Cato, M. Portius, the Elder. The Censor. ( Origines) .234?. 149 b.c. 

Cato, M. Portius, the Younger. Uticensis 95 . .46 B.C. 

Cato, Valerius. Latin Poet and Grammarian. (Dirce).. . — b.c. 20 

Catrou, Francis. French Jesuit. Historian 1659. .1737 

Cattenburg, Adrian van. Dutch Remonstrant Divine . . 1664. .1737 

Cattho, Angelo. Italian Astrologer — . . 1497 

Cattier, Isaac. French Medical Writer (m.d. 1638) fl. 1657 

Catullus, Caius Valerius. Roman Poet 87. 47? B.C. 

Catulus, Q. Lutatius. Roman Statesman. Parens Patrice — B.C. 60 

Catz, or Cats, James. Dutch Statesman and Poet 15 yy . .1660 

Cauchy, Augustine Louis. French Mathematician & Poet 1789. .1857 
Caulaincourt, Armand Aug. Louis. Officer and Diplom. 1773. .1827 
Cauliac, Guy de. Restorer of Surgery fl. 1348 



90 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Caurroy, Francis Eustace du. French Musical Composer 1549. .1609 
Caus, Solomon de. Fr. Engineer, Architect, and Author — . .1635? 
Caussin de Perceval, John Jas. Anthony. Fr. Orientalist 1759. . 1835 
Caussin, Nicholas. French Jesuit. {La Cour Sainte). . . 1580. .1651 
Cavaignac, Eleonore Godefroy. Fr. Republican Journalist 1801 . . 1845 

Cavaignac, John Baptist. French Revolutionist 1762. . 1829 

Cavaignac, Louis Eugene. French General 1802. .1857 

Cavalcanti, Bartholomew. Italian Scholar ^-S^- -^S^ 2 

Cavalcanti, Guy. Florentine Philosopher and Poet — . . 1300 

Cavalier, John. Camisard Leader 1679''. 1740 

Cavalieri, Bonaventura. Italian Mathematician l 59%- • ^47 

Cavallini, Peter. Italian Historical Painter 1279. .1364 

Cavallo, Tiberius. Natural Philosopher.. 1749. . 1809 

Cavanilles, Anthony Joseph. Spanish Divine & Botanist 1745. -1804 

Cave, Edward. Printer 1691 . . 1754 

Cave, Dr. William. {Lives of the Apostles) 1637. .1713 

Cavedone, James. Italian Historical Painter 1580. . 1660 

Cavendish, Lord Charles. Mathematician — -.1783 

Cavendish, Henry. Natural Philosopher. Life by G. 

Wilson, 1851 \ . . . 1731 . . 1810 

Cavendish, Margaret. Duchess of Newcastle, second 

wife. Writer. Life edited by Sir E. Brydges, 1814 . 1624?. 1673 

Cavendish, pr Candish, Thomas." Navigator 1564. .1593 

Cavendish, Sir William. Biographer of Cardinal Wolsey 1505 ? . 1557 
Cavendish, William, Duke of Newcastle. Royalist. Life 

by second wife *59 2 - • l ^6 

Cavendish, William. First Duke of Devonshire. Patriot 1640. .1707 
Cavour, Camillo B. Count di. Italian Statesman. Life 

by W. de la Rive, tr. by E. Romilly ; Devey 1809. . 1861 

Cawdrey, Daniel. Nonconformist Divine — . . 1664 

Cawthorne, James. Poet 1719- • 1761 

Cawton, Thos. Div. & Orient, at Rotterdam. Life by son 1605 . . 1659 
Cawton., Thos., son. Divine and Orient, at Westminster 1637?. 1677 
Caxton, William. Printer. Life by J. Lewis; Blades 1412?. 1491 or 2 

Cayley, Sir George. English Scientist 1773- -1857 

Caylus, Anne Claude Philip, Count of. French Amateur 1692. .1765 
Cazales, John Anthony Mary de. Fr. Politician & Writer 1758. . 1805 

Cazes, Peter James. French Painter 1676. .1754 

Cazotte, James. French Humorous Poet 1720. .1792 

Cazwyny. Arabian Naturalist 1212. . 1283 

Cean-Bermudez, John Augustin. Spanish Writer on Art 1749. . 1829 

Ceba, Ansaldo. Genoese Poet 1565 . . 1623 

Cebes. Greek Philosopher — . . — 

Cecchini, Peter Mary. Harlequin and Writer fl. 17th c. 

Cecco de Ascoli. Francis de Gli Stabili. Italian Physi- 
cian, Astrologer, Mechanician, and Poet 1257. . 1327 

Cecil, Rev. Richard. Divine. Life by Mrs. jCecil 1748. . 1810 

Cecil, Robert, Earl of Salisbury. Lord Treas. of James I. 1550?. 1612 
Cecil, William, Lord Burleigh. Lord Treasurer of Eliza- 
beth. L. by Arthur Collins, 1732 ; Dr. Edw. Nares, 1828 1 520 . . 1 598 

Cecilia, St. Martyr and Patroness of Music fl. ab. 2d c. 

Cedrenus, George. Greek Monk and Historical Writer, fl. nth c. 
Celakowsky, Frantisek Ladislaus. Bokein. Poet & Philol. 1799. .1852 
Celesti, Andrea. Venetian Painter 1637. .1706 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 91 

BORN. DIED. 

Celestine I. Pope (422-32). Saint — . . 432 

Celestine II. (1143-44.) Guy di Castello — . . 1144 

Celestine III. (1191-98.) Hyacinth Orsini. Lite by Pope 

Honorius III 1 107 . . 1 198 

Celestine IV. (1241.) Geoffrey Castigiione • — . . 1241 

Celestine V. (1294-96.) Saint. Peter de Murrone. . . . 1215. . 1296 

Celio Magno. Italian Lyric Poet — . . 1612 

Cellarnare, Anthony Giudice, Prince of. Span. Diplomat. 1657. .1733 

Cellarius, Andrew. (Descriplio Polonice) n. 1659 

Cellarius, Christopher. Critic and Geographer 1638. .1707 

Cellarius, Solomon. Physician. ( Origines Medicce). . . . 1676. . 1700 
Cellier, liemi. Fr. Bened. (Sacred and Eccks. Authors) 1688.. 1 761 
Cellini, Benvenuto. Artist, Musician, &c. Life by self; 

tr. by Nugent, 1771; tr. by Roscoe, 1822 1500. . 1570 

Celsius* Andrew. Swedish Astronomer 1701 . .1744 

Celsius, Olaus. Swed. Bot. and Orient. (Hierobotanicon) 1670. .1756 

Celsus, Aurelius Cornelius. Medical Writer ti. Aug. & Tib. 

Celsus. Epicurean Philosopher. An tichristian Writer . . ti. Antonines 

Celtes, Conrad. German Latin Poet *459- • I 5°8 

Cenci, Beatrice. La Belle Parricide — . . 1599 

Cennick, John. Divine — . .1755 

Censorinus. Latin Grammarian and Chronologist fl. 3d c. 

Centlivre, Susanna Freeman. Eng. Actress & Dram. Writ. 1667' . 1723 
Centorio degli Ortensi, Ascanius. Military Writer. ... fl. 1569 

Ceolnoth. Archbishop of Canterbury (833-70) — . . 870 

Ceracchi, Joseph. Roman Sculptor 1760?. 1802 

Ceratinus, Jas. Dutch Schol. {De Sono Grose. Literarum) — ••i53° 

Cerceau, John Anthony du. French Poet 1670... 1730 

Cerda, Bernarda Ferreira de la. Portuguese Scholar .... 1595. .1644 
Cerda,/ohn Louis de la. Span. Jesuit. Class. Comment. 1560. . 1643 

Cere, John Nicholas. French Botanist 1737. . 1S10 

Cereta, Laura, of Padua. Female Scholar 1469. . 1498 

Cerini, John Dominic. II Cavaliere Perugino. Ital. Paint. 1606. .1681 

Cerini, Joseph. Italian Poet and Dramatist 1738- • i/79 

Cerinthus. Heresiarch fl. 1st c. 

Cerisantes, Mark Duncan de. Politician & Latin Writer 1600''. 1648 

Cermenati, John de. (History of Milan) — aft. 1336 

Cerquozzi, Michael Ang. Di Battaglia. Battle Paint. . 1600 or 2 . 1660 
Cerrato, Paul. Italian Latin Poet. (De Virginitate). . . . 1485.. 1538 

Ceruti, Frederick. Italian Scholar 1541 . .1579 

Cerutti, Joseph Anthony Joachim. Jesuit. (Apology) .. 1738.. 1792 
Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de. Spanish Novelist. (Don 

Quixote.) Life by Father Sarmiento; Mayans; Los 

Rios; Fernandez de Navarrete, 1819; J. Finlay 1547- .1616 

Cervetto. James Bassevi. Italian Musician 1682. .1783 

Cesalpinus, Andrew. Ital.Phys. ( Qua>stiones Peripatetics) 1519. .1603 
Cesare, Joseph. Arpino and Giuseppino. Italian Painter 1560. .1640 

Cesarini, Julian. Cardinal — . . 1444 

Cesarini, Virginio. Italian Poet 1595 . . 1624 

Cesarotti, Melchior. Italian Poet 1730- • 1808 

Cesi, Frederick, Prince de. Founder of Lyncean Society 1585. .1630 
Cespedes, Paul de. Spanish Painter, Sculptor, Architect, 

Poet, Linguist 1538- • 1608 

Cesti, Mark Anthony. Italian Musical Composer 1620?. 1681 



92 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

. BORN. DIED. 

Cera, thos. Ital. Jesuit. Poet and Math. (Jesus Puer) 1648. .1736 

Cevallos, Peter. Spanish Diplomatist •. 1 764.3b 

Cezelli, Constance de. Spanish Heroine fl. 1590 

Chabanon, Michael Paul Guy de. French Writer 1730 

Chabert, Jos. Bernard, Marquis of. Navig., Astron., Geog. 1724 

Chabot, Francis. French Revolutionist 1759 

Chabot, Philip de. French General — 

Chabrias. Athenian General — b 

Chabrit, Peter. French Advocate. (French Monarchy) — 

Chabry, Mark. French Painter and Sculptor 1660 

Chad, or Ceadde, St — 

Chaderton, Rev. Laurence, d. d., of Emmanuel College . 1546 

Chais, Charles Peter. Commentator 1701 

Chaise, Francis de la. Fr. Jesuit. Confessor to Louis XIV. 1624 

Chalcondyles, Demetrius. Greek Scholar in Italy 1430 

Chales, or Challes, Millet Claude Francis de. Fr. Math. . 1621 

Chalier, Marj- Joseph. Revolutionist at Lyons 1747 

Chalkley, Thomas. Quaker Preacher — 

Challe, Charles Michael Angelo. French Painter 17 18 

Challoner, Richard. Vicar Apostolic. Life by Barnard, 

1784 ; Milner 1691 

Chalmers, Alexander. (Biographical Dictionary) 1759 

Chalmers, David. Scottish Historian 1530 

Chalmers, George. Historian and Biographer. (Treaties) 1742 
Chalmers, Thomas, ll. d. Scottish Divine. L. by Hanna 1780 
Chaloner, Edward, d. d. Chaplain to James I. Preacher 1590 
Chaloner, James, si. p. Antiquary. (Hist, of Me of Man) — 
Chaloner, Sir Thomas. Soldier, Statesman, and Writer. 15 15 
Chaloner, Sir Thomas, son. Chem. and Nat. Philosopher 1559 
Chalotais, Louis Rene Caradeuc de la. French Writer. . 1701 

Chamberlaine, Robert. Poet — 

Chamberlayne, Edw., M* d. Writer. (Anglice Notitia) 1616 
Chamber] ayne, John. Writer. ( Contin. Anglice Notitia) — 

Chamberlen, Hugh, of London. Accoucheur 1664 

Chambers, or Chalmers, David. Scottish Historian 1530 

Chambers, Ephraim. ( Cyclopaedia) — 

Chambers, George. Marine Painter — 

Chambers, Sir Robert. Ch. Just, of Bengal. Vinerian Prof. 1737 

Chambers, Sir William. Architect 1726 

Chambray, Geo., Marquis de. Fr. Gen. & Military Writ. 1783 
Chajnfort, Sebastian Roch Nicholas. Fr. Bibliographer. 1741 
Chamier, Daniel. French Prot. (De (Ecumenico Pontifico) 1570 
Chamillard, Michael de. Fav. and Minister of Louis XIV. 165 1 
Chamillard, Stephen. French Jesuit and Antiquary. . . . 1656 
Chamisso, Adelbert von. Poet, Traveler, Naturalist. 

(Peter Schlemihl) 1781 

Chamorro, Fruto. Central Amer. Soldier and Statesman 1806 
Chamousset, Claude Humbert Piarron de. Philanthr. . . 1717 

Champagne, John Baptist. Painter 1643 or 5 

Champagne, Philip de. Flemish Painter at Paris 1602 

Champe, John. American Revolutionary Officer 1752 

Champ eaux,Wm. de. Bp. of Chalons. (Origin of the Soul) — 
Champier, Symphorien. Camperius. French Physician. 

( Chroniques des Dues de Savoie) , 1472 . . 1540* 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 93 

BORN. DIED. 

Champion, Joseph. Penman 1709 

Champion, or Campion, Thomas. Poet fl. 1604 

Championnet, John Stephen. French General 1762. . 1800 

Champlain, Samuel de. French Governor of Canada. . . 1570. . 1635 

Champmesle, Mary Desmares de. Actress 1644 

Champollion, John Francis. LeJeune. Antiquary.... 1790 

Champollion-Figeac, John James. French Writer 1778 

Chancellor, Richard. Navigator — 

Chandler, Edw. Bp. of Durham. (Defence of Christianity) 1671 

Chandler, Mary. Poetess 1687 

Chandler, Richard, d. d. Scholar and Antiquary 1738 

Chandler, Sam. Dissent. Min. & Writ. L. by JThos. Amory 1693 
Chandler, Thos. Bradbury, d. d. Amer. Clerg. & Writer 1726 

Chandos, Sir John. Military Commander — 

Changeux, Peter James. French Savant 1740 

Channing, Edward Tyrrel. American Scholar 1790 

Channing, Wm. Ellery, d. d., brother. American Writer 1780 
Chantal, St. Jane Frances Fremiot de. Life by Marsollier 1572 
Chantereau Lefebvre, Louis. Fr. Jurisconsult & Hist. 1588 
Chantrey, Sir Francis. Sculptor. Life by Jones, 1850; 

Holland, 1851 1782 

Chanut, Peter. French Ambassador. (Memoires) 1600 

Chapelain, John. French Poet. {La Pucelle) 1595 

Chapelier, Isaac Rene Guy le. French Politician 1754 

Chapelle, Claude Emanuel. DHuillier. French Poet . . 1626 

Chapelle, John de la. {Life of the Prince of Conti) 1655 

Chapin, Stephen, d. d. Amer. Clergyman & Educationist 1778 
Chaplin, Jeremiah, d. d. Amer. Clergyman & Educator 1776 
Chapman, Fred. Henry. Swed. Adm. {Marine Architect.) — 
Chapman, Dr. George. Poet and Translator. {Homer). 1557 
Chapman, John, d. d. Archd. {Defence of Christianity) 1704 
Chapone, Mrs. Hester. Life by her family, pref. to Works 1 727 

Chappe, Claude. French Mechanician 1763 

Chappe d'Auteroche, John. French Abbe and Astron. 1722 
Chappel, William. Bishop of Cork. {Methodus Concio- 

lunidi.) Life by self 1582 

Chappie, William. Topographer 1718 

Chaptal, John Anfhony Claude, Ct. of Canteloup. Chemist 1756 

Chapuzeau, Samuel. Genevese Writer — 

Charas, Moses. French Chemist 1618 

Chardin, Sir John. Traveler 1643 

Charenton, Joseph Nicholas. Fr. Jesuit Miss, in Persia. 1659 

Charette de la Contrie. Vendean Royalist 1763 

Charizi, Judah. Hebrew Scholar and Poet, in Spain ... — bef. 

Charke, Mrs. Charlotte, nee Cibber. Actress - 

Charlemagne. L. bv Eginhard; Acciajuoli, d. 1478; 

Petruccio Ubaldini, 1599; G. H. Gaillard, 1782; G. P. 

R. James, 1847 ; Bourgoing 742 . . 814 

Charlemont, J. Caulfield, Earl of. Statesm. L. by Hardy 1 728 . . 1 799 

Charles I., Emperor of Germany. Charlemagne, q.v 742.. 814 

Charles II. (875-77.) The Bald. I. of France 823. . 877 

Charles III. The Fat. II. of France 832?. 888 

Charles IV. (1347-78) and King of Bohemia 1316. . 1378 

Charles V. (I. of Spain.) Life by self; Louis Dolce, 1568; 



94 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

A. Desbarres, 1559 ; James Masen, 1681 ; Leti ; San- 
doval; Robertson; W. Stirling, 1852; Pichot, 1854; 

Mignet, 1854; Antonio de Vera 1500. .1558 

Charles VI 1685 . .1740 

Charles VH 1697. .1745 

Charles I. The Bald. King of France (840-77.) II. 

Emperor (875-77) 823. . 877 

Charles H. The Fat. III. Emperor 832?. 888 

Charles III. The Simple. (893-922) 879 . . 929 

Charles IV. The Fair. (1322-28) 1294. . 1328 

Charles V. The Wise. Life by Christina de Pisan ... . 1337.. 1380 
Charles VI. The Well-beloved. Life by Juvenal des Ur- 

sins; Baudot de Juilli, 1753 1368. .1422 

Charles VII. The Victorious. L. by Baudot de Juilli. 1697 1403.. 1461 
Charles VIII. (1483-98.) L. by A. de la Vigne ; M. Guazzi 1470.. 1498 

Charles IX. (1560-74) 1550.. 1574 

Charles X 1757. .1836 

Charles I., Duke of Lorraine. Claimant of French Crown 953.. 994 

Charles II. (or I.) 1365. -1431 

Charles III. (or II.) The Great 1543.. 1608 

Charles IV. (or III.) , . . . 1604. .1675 

Charles V 1643 • • l ^9° 

Charles I., King of Naples. Count of Anjou 1220. . 1285 

Charles H. Le Boiteux 1248 . . 1309 

Charles TTT . of Durazzo. De la Paix and Le Pttit 1345 . . 1386 

Charles X. Gustavus. King of Sweden. Life by Prade, 

tr. bv Spence, 1689 ; Puffendorf 1622. . 1660 

Charles'XI. (1660-97) 1655. .1697 

Charles XII. (1697-1718). Life by Grimarest; Joran 

Nordberg, 1730 ; Voltaire 1682. . 1718 

Charles XELI 1748. .1818 

Charles XIV. (Bernadotte.) Life by Touchard-Lafosse 1764. .1844 
Charles I. King of England. Life by Peter Hevlin, 
1658; L. Wood, 1659; Fulman and Perrinchief, 1662; 
Sir P. "Warwick; Dr. William Harris, 1758; Guizot. . . 1600. .1649 
Charles H. Life bv Dr. William Harris, 1765 ; Francis 

Eglesheld, 1822 1630. . 1685 

Charles I. King of Spain. V. Emperor 1500. .1558 

Charles II. 1661 . . 1 700 

Charles HI 1716..1788 

Charles IV 1748. .1819 

Charles H. The Bad. King of Navarre. L. by Secousse 1332. .1387 

Charles m. The Noble 1361 . . 1425 

Charles IV 1421 . . 1461 

Charles, Archduke of Austria. Commander 1771 . . 1847 ' 

Charles de Blois. Pretender to Brittany — . . 1364 

Charles de Valois. Count of Maine and Anjou, brother 

of Philip IV 1270. .1325 

Charles the Bold. Duke of Burgundy. Life by Bar- 
land ; Kirk, 1863 1433 . . 1477 

Charles Albert. King of Sardinia (1831-49) 1798. ^1849 

Charles Alexander, of Lorraine. Gov. of Netherlands. 17 12.. 1780 
Charles Edward Stuart. Young Pretender. Life by 

C L. Klose, 1835 1720 .. 1 788 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 95 

BORN. DIED. 

Charles Emanuel I. The Great. Duke of Savoy 1562. . 1630 

Charles Emanuel II. (1638-75) 1634. . 1675 

Charles Emanuel IH. Duke of Savoy. K. of Sardinia 1701 . .1773 
Charles Emanuel IV. (1796-1802.) King of Sardinia — ..1819 
Charles Martel. Duke of Austrasia & Mayor of Palace 694.. 741 
Charlet, Nicholas Toussaint. Fr. Painter and Engraver. 1792. . 1845 
Charleton, Louis de. Bp. of Hereford. Theol. & Math. — . .1369 
Charleton, Robert M. American Lawyer and Author. . 1807. .1854 
Charleton, Walter, M. D. Naturalist and Theologian. . . 1619. .1707 
Charleval, Chas. Faucon de Ry, Ld. of. Scholar & Poet 1613. .1693 
Charlevoix, Peter Francis Xavier de. Jesuit Missionary 

in America. (Histoj'y of Paraguay) 1682. .1761 

Charlier, John. Gerson. French Writer 1363 . . 1429 

Charlotte. Queen of George III. L. by Watkins, 1819. 1744. .1818 
Charlotte Augusta. Princess. Daughter of George IV. 1796. .1817 
Charlotte Elizabeth, Mrs. Tonna. Religious Writer. 

(Personal Recollections) *79 2 - • J 846 

Charnock, John. (Biogra'phia Navalis) 1756. . 1807 

Charnock, Stephen. (Providence.) Life by Parsons. . . . 1628. .1680 
Charnock, Thomas. Alchemist. (Philosopher'' 's Stone). 1524. .1581 
Chamois, John Charles le Vacheur de. French Politician 1750?. 1792 
Charost, Arrnand Joseph de B^thune. Fr. Philanthropist 1738. . 1800 
Charpentier, Francis. (Excellence of French Language) 1620. .1702 
Charras, J. Bapt. Adolph. Fr. Politician & Military Writ. 1808. . 1865 

Charrier, Mark Anthony. French Royalist 1753. .1793 

Charriere, Joseph de la. French Surgical Writer fl. 1690 

Charriere, Madame de St. Hyacinthe de. French Writer 1740?. 1S05 
Charron, Peter. French Writer. (Des Trois Verites).. 1 541.. 1603 

Chartier, Alain. French Writer 1386. . 1449? 

Chartier, John, of St. Denys. ( Chroniques de St. Denys) — ..1462? 
Chartier, Rene. Fr. Phys. Edit, of Hippocrates & Galen 1572. . 1654 
Chase, Irah, d.d. American Clergyman and Theologian 1793. -1864 
Chase, Philander, d.d. Amer. Episc. Bp. (Reminiscences) 1775. .1S52 
Chasles, or Challes, Gregory de. Fr. Officer and Humorist 1659. .1720? 
Chass6, David Henry, Baron. Defender of Antwerp. . . . 1765 . . 1S49 

Chasseneuz, Bartholomew de. French Lawyer 1480. .1541 

Chastelain, Claude. ( Universal Martyrology) ^39- .1712 

Chastelard, or Chastellet, Peter de Boscobel de. Fr. Poet 1540?. 1563 
Chastelet, Gabrielle £milie de Breteuil, Marchioness of. 

Scientific Writer 1706. .1749 

Chastellux, Francis John, Marquis de. French Officer, 

Poet, Musician J 734- -1788 

Chateaubriand, Francis Augustus, Vicomte de. ( Genie 

du Christianisme.) Life by self; Villemain 1768. .184S 

Chateaubriant, Francis de Foix, Countess of. Favorite 

of Francis 1 1475?. 1537 

Chateaubrun, John Baptist Vivian de. Dramatic Writer 1686. .1775 
Chateaurenard, Francis Louis Rousselet, Count de. 

Admiral and Marshal of France 1637 . . 1 716 

Chatel, Ferd. Francis. Found, of so-called Fr. Cath. Ch. 1795. - l &57 

Chatel, Francis du. Flemish Painter 1625 . . 1679 

CMtel, Peter du. Castellanus. Bp. of Orleans. Scholar — --1552 

Chatel, Tanneguy du. French General 1360. . 1449 

ChStelet, Paul du Hay, Lord of. (Bertrand du Guesclin) 1593. .1636 



96 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Chatham, William Pitt, First Earl of. Life by Alraon ; 

Thackeray ; Macaulay 1708 . . 1778 

Chatterton, Thomas. Poet. Life by Dr. Gregory, ed. 

by Southey, 1803 ; D. Masson 1752. .1770 

Chaucer, Geoffrey. Poet. Life by Todd; W. Godwin, 

1804; Singer, 1822; Sir H. Nicholas, 1843 1328. . 1400 

Chaudet, Anthony Denis. French Painter and Sculptor. 1763. .1810 

Chaudon, Esprit Joseph. French Author 1738. . 1800 

Chaudon, Louis Mayeul. French Historical Writer 1737. .1817 

Chauffepie, James George de. {Biographical Dictionary) 1702. .1786 
Chauliae, Cauliac, or Chaulieu, Guy de. French Surgeon fl. 14th c. 

Chaulieu, William Amfrye de. French Lyric Poet 1639. .1720 

Chaulnes, Albert, Duke de. French Chemical Philosopher 17 14. .1769 
Chaumette, Anthony. Fr. Surg. {Enchirid. Chirurgicum) fl. 1560 

Chaumette, Peter Gaspar. French Revolutionist 1 7^>3- • *794 

Chaumonot, or Chaumonnot, Peter Mary Joseph. French 

Jesuit 1611 . . 1693 

Chauncey, Sir Henry. Judge & Antiq. {Hertfordshire) 1632. .1716 
Chauncey, Ichabod. Ejected Nonconformist at Bristol. . — ..1691 
Chauncey, Isaac. Dissenting Divine and Physician ... — . .1700? 

Chauney, Charles, D. d. American Divine 1705 . .1787 

Chausse, Michael Angelo de la. Antiquary. {Musarnm 

Romanum) 1 660 ? . aft. 1738 

Chauveau Lagarde, Claude Francis. French Advocate 1767. .1841 

Chauveau, Francis. French Engraver 1613. . 1676 

Chauveau, Rene, son. Engraver 1663. .1722 

Chauvin, Stephen. Prot. Refugee. {Lexicon Philosoph.) 1649. .1725 
Chaves, Emanuel de Silveyra Pinto de Fonseca, Marquis. 

Portuguese General and Statesman — . . 1830 

Chazelles, John Matthew. French Math, and Engineer 1657. .1710 
Chefontaines, Christopher de, of Brittany. Theologian . 1532?. 1595 
Cheke, Sir John. Statesman and Scholar. Life by Dr. 

Langbaine; Strype, 1705 1514..1557 

Chelsum, Rev. James, d. d. Critic of Gibbon i74° ? - 1801 

Chemin, Catherine du. French Flower Painter 1630. . 1698 

Cheminais, Timoleon. French Preacher 1652. . 1689 

Chemnitz, Bogeslaus Philip. {Swed. Wars in Germany) 1605. .1678 

Chemnitz, Martin. Protestant Divine 1522. . 1588 

Chemnitzer, Ivan Ivanovitch. Russian Soldier and Poet 1744. .1784 

Chenevix, Richard. Bishop of Waterford — . . 1779 

Chenevix, Richard. Irish Writer — . . 1830 

Chenier, Andrew Mary de. French Poet 1762. . 1794 

Chenier, Louis de. French Historian 1 72^ . . 1 796 

Chenier, Mary Joseph de. French Dramatist. {Death of 

Calas) 1764. .1811 

Chenot, Claude Bernard Adrian. French Engineer 1803. .1855 

Cheron, Elizabeth Sophia. French Portrait Painter 1648. .1711 

Cheron, Louis, brother. Painter 1660 . . 1 713 

Cherry, Andrew. Comedian 1762. . 1812 

Cherubini, Mary Louis Charles Zenobi Salvador. Italian 

Musical Composer ■ 1 760 . . 1842 

Chervin, Nicholas. French Physician 1783. . 1843 

Chery, Philip. French Painter 1759. . 1838 

Cheselden, William. Surgeon and Writer 1688. . 1752 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 97 



BORN. DIED. 



Chesne, Andrew du. French Historian 1584 

Chesne, or Quesne, Joseph du. Quercetanus. Med. Writer 1544 

Chesneau, Nicholas, of Toulouse. Medical Writer 1601 

Chesterfield, Philip Dormer Stanhope, Earl of. {Letters.) 

Life by Dr. Maty, 1777 1694 

Chetham, Humphrey, of Manchester. Benefactor 1580 

Chettle, Henry. Dramatist fl.1592 

Chetwood, Knightly, d.d. Dean of Gloucester. Writer 1652 
Chetwood, ffm. Rufus. Dramatist. {Hist, of the Stage) — 

Chevalier, Anthony Rodolph le. French Scholar 1507 

Chevalier, Louis. French Lawyer 1663 

Chevert, Francis de. French General 1695 

Cheverus, John Louis Anne Madeleine Lefebvre de. 

French Cardinal 1 768 

Cheves, Langdon. American Statesman 1776 

Chevillier, Andrew. French Antiquary 1636 

Chevreau, Urban. French Scholar 1613 

Cheyne, George. Physician and Mathematician 1671 

Cheynell, Francis, d. d. Ejected Nonconformist 1608 

Chezy, Anthony Leonard de. French Orientalist 1773 

Chiabrera, Gabriel. Italian Lyric Poet 1552 

Chiaramonti, Scipio. Mathemat. & Natural Philosopher 1565 

Chiari, Fabricius. Italian Painter and Engraver 1621 

Chiari, Joseph. Italian Historical Painter 1654 

Chiari, Peter. Italian Poet — 

Chiavistelli, Jacob. Perspective Painter of Florence. . . 1621 
Chicheley, or Chichele, Henry. Abp. Cant. 1414-31. 

Life by Arthur Duck, 1617; O. L. Spencer, 1783 1362 

Chicoyneau, Aime Francis. Physician, Lawyer, Scholar 1699 
Chieoyneau, Francis. Fr. Physician. ( On the Plague) 1672 
Chicoyneau, Michael. French Physician and Statesman 1626 
Chifflet, John James. Fr. Medical and Political Writer. 1588 

Child, Sir Josiah. Writer. {Discourse on Trade) 1630 

Child, William, mus. doc. Musical Composer 1607 

Childebert I. King of France (511-58) 495 

Childebert II. (575-96) 570 

Childebert III 683 

Childeric I. King of France 436 

Childeric H 649 

Childeric III. (742-52) — 

Children, John George. Chemist 1777 

Chillingworth, William. Theologian. Life by Birch . . 1602 
Chilrnead, Edmund. Mathematician & Mus. Composer 161 1 

Chilo. One of the Seven Sages fl. 6th 

Chilperic I. King of Soissons (561-84) 539 

ChilpericII. (715-20) — 

Chirnay, Jane Mary Ignace Theresa, Princess of. Beauty 1775 

Chiocco, Andrew. Italian Physician — 

Chipman, Daniel, ll. d. American Jurist 1762 

Chipman, Nathaniel, ll. d., brother. Jurist 1752 

Chirac, Peter. French Medical Writer 1650 

Chishull, Rev. Edmund. Antiquary 1670 

Chitty, Joseph. English Jurist 1776 

Chladiii, Ernest Florens Frederick. German Physicist. . 1756 
7 



1640 
1609 



1773 
1653 
1600 
1720 
1766 
1572 

1744 
1760 

1836 
1857 
1700 
1 701 

1743 
1665 
1832 

1637 
1652 
1695 
1727 
1788 
1698 

1443 
1740 
1752 
1 701 
1660 
1699 
1697 

553 

596 

711 

481 

673 

755 

1852 

1644 

1654 

B.C. 

584 
720 

l3 3 5 
1624 

1850 
IS43 
1732 

*733 
1841 

1S27 



93 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Chlopicki, Joseph. Polish General and Dictator 1772 . . 1854 

Chmielnicki, Bogdan. Cossack Chief 1593. . 1657 

Choate, Rufus. American Advocate and Jurist J 799- • 1859 

Chodowiecki, Daniel Nich. Ger. Designer & Engraver 1726. .1801 
Choiseul - Goufner, Mary Gabriel Florent Augustus, 

Count of. French Classical Scholar 1752. .1817 

Choiseul- Amboise, Stephen Francis, Duke of. French 

Statesman 1719- • 1785 

Choisy, Francis Timoleon de. Abbe". Writer 1644. .1724 

Chomel, James Francis. Medical Writer fl. 1708-38 

Chomel, John Baptist Louis. Medical Writer 1700?. 1765 

Chomel, Peter John Baptist. French Medical Writer. . 1671. .1740 

Chopin, Frederick. Musical Composer and Pianist 1810. . 1849 

Chopin, Rene. French Law Writer 1537. . 1606 

Chorier, Nicholas. [History of Dauphiny) 1609. . 1692 

Choris, Louis. Russian Artist and Traveler 1795 • • *8 2 8 

Choron, Alexander Stephen. French Writer on Music. . 1772. .1834 

Chosroes I., or Khosru. King of Persia (531-79) — . . 579 

Chosroes II. (590-628), grandson — . . 628 

Chouet, John Robert. Philos. and Magistrate of Geneva 1642. . 1731 

Choul, William du. Caulius. French Antiquary fl. 1556 

Choules, John Overton, d.d. Amer. Clerg. and Author. 1801. .1856 

Chretien, Florence. French Poet and Writer 1541 . .1596 

Christian I. King of Denmark (1448-81) 1425?. 1481 

Christian II. (1513-23) 1480. .1559 

Christian III. (1534-58) 1S02..1558 

Christian IV. (1588-1648) 1577. . 1648 

Christian V. (1670-99) 1645 . . 1699 

Christian VI. (1730-46) 1699. .1746 

Christian VH. (1766-1808) 1749. . 1808 

Christian, Andrew. Danish Medical Writer 1551 . . 1606 

Christian, Edward. Law Writer — . . 1823 

Christie, James. Antiquary — . . 1831 

Christie, Samuel Hunter, of Woolwich. Magnetist 1784. .1865 

Christie, Thomas. Writer. (Miscellanies) 1 761.. 1796 

Christie, William. Scottish Grammarian 1730. .1774 

Christina. Queen of Sweden. Life by H. Woodhead; 
C G. Franckenstein ; Catteau Calleville; J. Lacombe; 

Archenholz , 1626. . 1689 

Christine, of Pisa. Scholar and Poetess in France l 3^3' ■ H3 I? 

Christophe, Henry. Negro King of Hayti 1767 . .1820 

Christopherson, John. Bp. of Chichester. Translator. — . .1558 

Christopulos, Athanasius. Modern Greek Poet I77 2 - • 1847 

Chrysippus. Stoic Philosopher 280?. 207 B.C. 

Chrysologue, Noel Andrew. Fr. Geogr. & Astronomer 1728. .1808 

Chrysoloras, Manuel, Reviver of Greek in Italy 1355?. 1415 

Chrysostom, John. Life by Palladius, tr. by Americ 

Bigot. 1680; Godfrey Hermant, alias Dr. Menard, 1683 347 ? . 407 

Chubb, Thomas. Deistical Writer 1679. .1747 

Chudleigh, Mary, Lady. Poetess 1656. .1710 

Church, Benjamin. American Soldier in Indian Wars. . 1639. .1718 
Church, Sir Richard. Commander in Greek War of In- 
dependence 1780. .1850 

Church, Thomas, d. d. Controversialist 1707. .1756 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 99 

BORN. DIED. 

Churchill, Arabella. Mistress of James II 1648. .1730 

Churchill, Rev. Charles. Poet. Life by Tooke 1731 . . 1746 

Churchill, John, First Duke of Marlborough. Life by 

Coxe ; Lediard ; Alison _ 1650 . . 1 722 

Churchill, Sir Winston. (Divi Britannici) 1620. . 1688 

Churchyard, Thomas. Poet. L. by Geo. Chalmers, 1817 1520'''. 1604 
Churrucca y Elorza, Cosme Damian de. Span. Admiral 1761 . . 1805 
Chytraeus, David. Divine at Rostock. {Apocalypse) . . . 1530. .1600 
Ciaconius, Alphonso. Span. Schol. ( Column of Trajan) 1540. .1599 
Ciaconius, or Chacon. Peter. Spanish Scholar. (De Tri- 

'clinio.) Life by A. Schott 1525 • • 1581 

Ciamberlano, Luke. Italian Painter and Engraver .... 1586. .1641 
Ciampelli, Augustine, of Florence. Historical Painter . . 1578. .1640 
Ciampini, John Justin. Antiq. and Hist. (Lives of Popes) 1633.. 1698 

Ciampoli, John Baptist. Italian Poet 1589. . 1643 

Cibber, Cains Gabriel. German Sculptor 1630?. 1700 

Cibber, Colley. Actor. Poet Laureate. Life by self. .. 1671.. 1757 

Cibber, Susannah Maria. Actress. .« 17H- -1766 

Cibber, Theophilus. Actor, Dramatist, Biographer ..... i7 3> • I 75^ 
Cibot, Peter Martial. French Jesuit Missionary in China i7 2 7- .1780 

Ciccarelli, Alphonso. Italian Writer — . .1580 

Cicero, Marcus Tullius. Life by Ramus; Facciolati; Mo- 

rabin; Leonard Aretino, 1804; Conyers Middleton; 

Abeken, tr. by Merivale; Wm. Forsyth, 1864 106. 43 B.C. 

Cicognara, Leopold, Count. (Hist, of Modem Sculpture) 1767. .1834 

Cid, The. See Bivar 1040? . 1099 

Cienfuegos, Nicasio Alvarez de. Span. Poet & Dramatist 1764. . 1809 

Cignani, Charles. Italian Painter 1628. .1719 

Cignaroli, Giambettino. Italian Painter 1706. .1770 

Cigoli, or Civoli, Louis. Cardi. Florentine Painter 1559. . 1613 

Cimabue, John. Italian Painter 1240. .1300 

Cimarosa, Domenico. Neapolitan Musical Composer 1749- -i8oi 

Cimon. Athenian Commander — B.c.449 

Cincinato, Diego Romulo. Painter — . . 1626 

Cincinato, Romulo. Florentine Painter 1525?. 1600 

Cinciunatus, Lucius Quintus. Dictator 5i9 ? .aft.439B.c. 

Cinna, Lucius Cornelius. Roman Popular Leader — b. c. 84 

Cinnamus, John. Greek Historian fl. 12th c. 

Cino da Pistoia. Italian Jurist and Poet 1270. .1337 

Cinq-Mars, Henry Coinier de Ruze, Marquis of. Favorite 

of Louis XIII 1620. .1642 

Cinthio, Giraldi. Italian Dramatist. ( Orbecche) 1504. . 1573 

Cintra, Gonealo de. Portuguese Navigator fl. 15th c. 

Cioli, Valerio. Italian Sculptor 1530'. 1600? 

Cione, Andrea di. Ovcacjna. Painter, Sculptor, Architect 1329. .1389 

Ciprian Bore. Italian Musical Composer 15 16. .1565 

Cipriani, or Cvpriani, John Baptist. Italian Painter 1727. .1785 

Circignano, Anthony. Potnerancio. Painter 1560. .1620 

Circignano, Nicholas. Pomerancio. Italian Painter 15 16.. 1588 

Cirillo, Dominic, of Naples. Botanist 1734- • *799 

Ciroferri. Painter and Architect of Rome. , 1634. . 1689 

Cisner, Nicholas. German Writer 1529 . .1583 

Cisneros, Francis Ximenes de. Span. Card. Statesman 1436. .1517 
Citois, or Citesius, Francis. Physician of Poictiers 1572. . 1652 



100 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Cittadini, Peter Francis. 11 Milanese. Painter 1613?. 1681 

Civilis, Claudius, or Julius. Leader of the Batavi fl. 69-70 

Civitali, Matthew. Italian Sculptor and Architect 1435 . . 1501 

Claesson, Arnold. Dutch Painter 1498 . . 1564 

Clagett, William, d. d. Controversial Writer 1646. . 1688 

Clair, John Mary le. French Violinist 1697. .1764 

Clairault, Alexis Claude. Mathematician 1713- -1765 

Claire, Martin. French Jesuit, Preacher, and Hyinnologist 1612. .1690 
Clairfait, or Clerfayt, F. S. C J. de Croix de. Austr. Gen. 1733. .1798 
Clairon, Claire Josephine de la Tude. French Actress . . . 1723. . 1803 

Clap, Thomas. American Divine and Educator 1703. .1767 

Clapperton, Captain Hugh. African Traveler 1788. . 1827 

Clarac, Charles Otho Frederick John Baptist, Count. 

French Antiquary and Artist 1777- • 1847 

Clare, John. Northamptonshire Poet 1793- .1864 

Clare, or Clara, St. Founder of Order of Nuns i I 93- • I2 53 

Clarendon, Edward Hyde, First.Earl of. Lord Chancellor. 

(History of the Rebellion.) Life by self; T. H. Lister. . 1608. .1674 
Clarendon, Henry Hyde, Second Earl of. Lord Lieuten- 
ant. ( History of the Irish Rebellion) 1638 . .1709 

Claret, Joan. Flemish Painter fl. i6oo ? 

Claridge, Richard. Quaker Writer. Life by Jos. Besse 1649. .1723 
Clario, Isidore. Tridentine Divine ; Annotator on Vulgate 1495 . . 1555 
Clark, John, of Hull. Critic and Classical Commentator. — -.1734 
Clark, John, of Edinb. Book Illustrator. (Myriorama). 1772?. 1863 

Clark, William. American General 1770- • 1838 

Clark, William Tierney. Civil Engineer 1783. . 1852 

Clark, Willis Gaylord. American Author 1810. . 1841 

Clarke, Adam, ll. d. Weslevan Commentator. Life by 

J. B. B. Clarke, 1833; S. Dunn, 1863 1760. .1832 

Clarke, Dr. Alured. Divine and Benefactor 1696. .1742 

Clarke, Sir Arthur. Irish Phys., Med. Writ., & Philanthr. 1773.. 185 7 

Clarke, Rev. Edward. Scholar 1730. .1786 

Clarke, Edward Daniel, ll. d. Traveler and Mineralogist. 

Life by Bishop Otter, 1825 1769. . 1822 

Clarke, George Roger. American General — . . 1808 

Clarke, Henry, ll. r>. Mathematician 1745 • • J 8i8 

Clarke, Henry Jas.Wm., Duke of Feltre. Marsh, of France 1765 . . 1818 
Clarke, Rev. James Stanier. Naval and Historical Writer. 

(Life of James II.) — . . 1834 

Clarke, Jeremiah. Musical Composer — . .1707 

Clarke, John. One of the Founders of Rhode Island — . . 1676 

Clarke, John. Scottish Portrait Engraver i65o ? \ 1721 

Clarke, John, D. d. Dean of Salisbury. (Origin of Evil) — . .17 39 

Clarke, John, m. d. Scottish Medical Writer 1744- • 1805 

Clarke, M'Donald. American Poet 1798.. 1842 

Clarke, Samuel, M. A. Orientalist 1623. .1669 

Clarke, Rev. Sam. Biographer. Ejected Nonconformist 1599. .1682 
Clarke, Samuel, son. Dissenter. (Annotations on Bible) 1627?. 1701 
Clarke, Samuel, d.d. Class. Commentator. (Doctrine of 

the Trinity.) Life by Hoadly, 1738; W. Whiston, 1748 1675. .1729 
Clarke, or Clark, Dr. Samuel. Dissenting Minister of St. 

Albans. ( Scripture Promises) — . .1769 

Clarke, William. Divine and Antiquary 1696. .1771 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 101 

BORN. DIED. 

Clarkson, David. Ejected Nonconformist 1622. . 1686 

Clarkson, Thos. Slavery Abolitionist. L. by Thos. Taylor 1760. .1846 

Clason, Isaac S. American Author and Actor 1789. • 1834 

Clauberg, John. German Metaphysician 1622. . 1665 

Claude, Le Jeune, or Claudin. Huguenot Composer .... — aft. 1580 

Claude Lorraine. Claude Gelee. Painter 1600. . 1682 

Claude, John. Fr. Prot. (Ess. on Sermon.) L. by Robinson 1619. .1687 

Clauder, Gabriel. German Medical Writer 1633 . . 1691 

Claudian, Claudius. Latin Poet — aft. 404? 

Claudius I. Roman Emperor (41-54) b.c.io A.D.54 

Claudius II. Gothicus. Emperor (268-70) 214. . 270 

Claudius Crassus, Appius. Roman Decemvir — B.c.449 

Claudius Nero. Roman General fl. 3d c. B.C. 

842 
689 
793 
793 
412 

806 
612 
852 
858 
839 
773 
856 

758 
210 
400 
858 

8 S 5 
589 

716 

1 

742 

789 

840 

789 

440? 

778 

834 
100 
047 
191 



Clausel, Bertrand, Count. French General i77 2 . 

Claverhouse, John Graham of, Viscount Dundee 1650? 

Claviere, Stephen. French Statesman and Financier . . . 1735- 

Clavigero, Francis Xavier. Mexican Historian 1720. 

Clavijo, Ruy Gonzalez de. Span. Ambassador and Writer — . 

Clavijo y Faxardo, Joseph. Spanish Writer 1726. . 

Clavius, Christopher. German Jesuit. Mathematician. . 1537. . 

Clay, Henry. American Statesman 1777 . . 

Clay, John. Jail Chaplain — 

Clayton, Augustin Smith. American Jurist 1783 . . 

Clayton, John. American Botanist 1686. . 

Clayton, John Middleton. American Statesman 1796. . 

Clayton, Robert. Bishop of Clogher 1695 . . 

Cleanthes. Stoic Philosopher. (Hymn to Zeus) ab. b.c 

Clearchus. Lacedaemonian General fl. b.c. 

Cle a vel and, Parker. American Mineralogist and Scientist 1780.. 

Cleaver, William. Bishop of St. Asaph — . . 

Cleef, Henry van. Painter of Antwerp 1510''. 

Cleef, John van. Flemish Painter 1646. . 

Cleef, orCleve, Joseph, Joas, or Joost, van. Paint, of Antw. fl. 15 

Cleef, Martin van. Painter 1501 ? . 

Clegg, John. Violinist i7i4.aft. 

Cleghorn, George. Scottish Physician and Anatomist. . 1716. . 

Cleland, James, ll. d. Statistical Writer i77°- • 

Cleland, John. Writer. ( Woman of Pleasure) i7°7 ? . 

Clemangis, or Claminges, Matthew Nicholas. Fr. Theol. 1360? . 

Clemencet, Charles. Fr. Benedictine. (V Artie Verif.) 1704. . 

Clemencin, Diego. Spanish Statesman and Writer .... 1765. . 

Clement I. Bishop of Rome 30? . 

Clement II. Pope (1046-47). Life bv P. F. Latitau ... — . . 

Clement III. (1187-91) — .. 

Clement IV. (1265-68.) Guy de Foulques. Life by Clau- 
dius Clemens — . .1268 

Clement V. (1305-14.) Bertrand de Goth. (Clem. Code) 1264. .1314 

Clement VI. (1342-52.) Peter Roger 1292. . 1352 

Clement VII. (1523-34.) Julius aV Medici — ..1534 

Clement VIII. (1592-1605.) Hi ppolytus Aldobrandin .. 1536. .1605 

Clement IX. (1667-69.) Jul. Bospigliosi. L. by Latitau 1600. .1669 

Clement X. (1670-76.) John Baptist Emilius Aliieri. . . 1590. . 1676 

Clement XI. (1700-21.) John Francis Albani. Life by 

Reboulet 1649 . . 1721 



102 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Clement XII. (1730-40.) Lawrence Corsini 1652. .1740 

Clement XIH. ( 1758-69. ) Charles Rezzonico 1 693 . . 1 769 

Clement XIV. (1769-74.) John Vincent Ganganelli 1705. .1774 

Clement, David. Hessian Bibliographer 1701 . .1760 

Clement, Francis. French Benedictine. (L'Artde Verif.) 1714. .1793 

Clement, James. Assassin of Henry III. of France 1567. .1589 

Clement, John. Greek Professor at'Oxford — . . 1572 

Clement, John Mary Bernard. Fr. Critic and Dramatist 1742. .18x2 

Clement, Joseph. Mechanic 1779. • ^44 

Clement, Julian. French Accoucheur 1630. .1729 

Clement, Peter, of Geneva. Poetical Writer 1707. .1767 

Clement, Titus Flavius, of Alexandria. Christian Writer — .. 220? 

Clementi, Muzio. Musical Composer 1752. . 1832 

Clenardus, or Cleynaerts, Nicholas. Flemish Philologist 1495. .1542 

Cleobulus. One of the Seven Sages of Greece 6th c. B.C. 

Cleombrotus I. King of Sparta; fell at Leuctra — 3.0.371 

Cleomedes. Greek Astronomer. ( Circular Theory) 11. 2d. c. ? 

Cleomenes. Spartan King (b. c. 236-220) and Reformer — B.c.220 

Cleon. Athenian Politician — B.c.422 

Cleopatra. Queen of Egypt 69 . . 30 B.C. 

Clerc, John le. Le Chevalier. Fr. Painter and Engraver 1587. . 1633 

Clerc, John le. Critic. See Leclerc 1657. .1736 

Clerc, Nicholas. French Medical Writer — aft. 177 1 

Clerc, Sebastian le. French Designer and Etcher 1637. .1714 

Clerc, Sebastian le, son. Historical Painter i684 ? . 1767 

Clerc, Le. See Leclerc. 

Clerck, Chas. Swed. Entomologist. (Tcones Insectorum) fl. 1750 

Clerfayt, Francis S. C J., Count de. Austrian General . . 1733. '.1798 

Clerk, John, of Eldin. Naval Tactician — ..1812 

Clerk, John, Lord Eldin, son. Scottish Judge 1757?. 1832 

Clerke, Charles. Navigator 1741 . .1779 

Clerke, Gilbert. Divine and Mathematician 1626?. 1695? 

Clermont Tonnerre, Stanislaus, Ct. of. Fr. Polit.Writer 1747. .1792 

Clerselier, Claude. French Metaphysician 1614? . 1684 

C16ry, John Baptist. Servant of Louis XVI. {Journal) 1759. .1809 

Clery, Michael. One of the " Four Masters " — . . 1643 

Cleveland, John. Lovalist and Poet 161 3 . . 1659 

Clevenger, Shobal Vail. American Sculptor 1812. . 1843 

Cleyer, Andrew. German Medical Writer fl. 1680 

Cleyn, or Clenn, Francis de. German Painter in England — . . 1658 
Clifford, Ann, Countess of Dorset. Author & Benefactor 1589. . 1676 
Clifford, George, 3d E. Cumberland. Naval Commander 1558. .1605 

Clifford, Henrv. Tenth Lord. Shepherd Lord — . . 1523 • 

Clifford, John," Ninth Lord. The Black and The Butcher — ..1461 

Clifford, Martin. Writer. ( On Human Reason) — . . 1677 

Clifford, Thos., 8th Lord. Lancastrian; fell at St. Albans — . .1455 

Clift, William. Naturalist 1775 . . 1849 

Clifton, Francis. Medical Writer fl- 1732 

Clifton, William. American Poet 1 772 . . 1 799 

Clinton, De Witt. American Statesman 1 769 . . 1828 

Clinton, George. American Statesman and General. . . . 1739. .1812 

Clinton, Sir Henry. English General in America — . .1795 

Clinton, Henrv Fvnes. Chronologist. (Fasti.) Life by 

self, edited'by 'C. J. F. Clinton, 1854 1781 . . 1852 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 103 

BORN. DIED. 

Clinton, James. American General 1736. . 1S12 

Clisson, Oliver de. Constable of France 1 33 2? ■ l 4°7 

Clisthenes. Athenian Demagogue fl. B.C. 510 

Clitus. Greek. Gen. of Macedon ; slain by Alex, tbe Great — B.c.328 

Clive, Mrs. Catherine. Actress 1711 . .1785 

dive, Robert, First Lord. Life by Sir J. Malcolm, 1836; 

Macaulay ; G. R. Gle ig, 18-48 ; C Caraccioli 1725 . . 1774 

Clodius Pulcher, Publius. Roman Tribune (b. c. 58). . — B.C. 52 
Cloneurry, Valentine Browne Lawless, Lord. Life by 

Fitzpatrick 1773- -1853 

Clootz, John Baptist. Anacharsis Clootz. Fr. Revolutionist 1755.. 1794 

Clopinel, or John de Meung. French Poet 1250?. 1318? 

Closternian, John. German Portrait Painter 1656. . 1713 

Clotaire I. son of Clovis. King of France (511-61) 497. . 561 

Clotaire II. son of Chilperic. King of France 584 ? . 628 

Clotaire III. King of France 652?. 670? 

Clotilde. Wife of Clovis 475.. 545 

Cloud, or Clodoald, St., grandson of Clovis — .. 560 

Clouet, Albert. Engraver fl. 1641-75 

Clouet, Peter, of Antwerp. Engraver 1606. . 1668 

Clouet. French Chemist and Metallurgist 1751 . . 1801 

Clough, Arthur Hugh. Poet 1819? . 186 1 

Clovio, Julius. Missal Illuminator M98. . 1578 

Clovis I. King of the Franks 465. . 511 

Clovis II. King of France -. 633 . . 656 

Clovis III 681 . . 695 

*3* 
596 

847 
773 
814 

B.C. 

609 

831 
623 
863 

813 
818 
863 
713 
835 
865 
770 
8lO 
808 
407 

417 
815 
642 
719 
669 

755 
758 
649 



Clowes, John. Swedenborgian Divine 1743 

Clowes, "William. Surgeon — aft. 

Clowes, William. Printer 1779- • 

Clubbe, Rev. John. Humorist 1703. • 

Clubbe, William. Poet. Translator of Horace — 

Cluentius Habitus, A. Defended by Cicero 103 aft.66 

Clusius, or De l'Ecluse, Chas. Dutch Phys. and Botanist 1526. . 

Clutterbuck, Robert. Antiquary J77 2 - • 

Cluvier, Philip. Cluverius. Geographer 1580. . 

Clyde, Colin Campbell, Lord. Field Marshal 1792. . 

Clymer, George. American Statesman !739". • 

Cobb, James. Dramatic Writer 1756. . 

Cobb, Lyman. American Lexicographer and Author. ... — 

Cobb, Samuel. Poet — 

Cobbett, William. Writer. L. by his sons; Huish, 1835 1762. . 

Cobden, Richard, M. p. Politician and Economist 1804. . 

Cobentzel, or Cobenzl, Charles, Count de. Statesman. . 1712. . 

Cobentzel, John Philip, Count de. Statesman 1741 . . 

Cobentzel, Louis, Count de. Statesman 1753. . 

Cobnam, John, Lord. English Warrior in France — 

Cobham, Sir John Oldeastle, Lord. Martyr 1360. . 

Coburg-Saxe, Josias, Prince of. Austrian Field Marshal 1737. . 
Coceapani, Sigismund. of Florence. Painter and Arcnitect 1583. . 

Coeceius, Henry Freiherr von. Dutch Jurist 1644. . 

Cocceius, John. Hebraist. Commentator 1603. . 

Coeceius, Samuel. Prussian Statesman 1679. . 

Cocchi, Anthony. Italian Physician 1695 . . 

Coccopani, John. Architect 1582.. 



104 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 



BORN. DIED. 



Cochin, Charles Nicholas. French Engraver and Writer 1688. . 

Cochin, Henry. French Lawyer and Divine 1687. . 

Cochlaeus, John. Roman Catholic Controversialist 1479- • 

Cochran, William. Scottish Artist 1738 . . 

Cochrane, Archibald, Earl Dundonald. Scientific Writer 1749. . 

Cochrane, John Dundas. Traveler on foot 1780?. 

Cochrane, Thos., Earl of Dundonald. Nav. Commander 1775. . 

Cock, Jerome. Painter 1510?. 

Cock, Matthew, of Antwerp, brother. Painter 1500?. 

Cockain, or Cokayne, Sir Aston. Poetical Writer 1608. . 

Cockburn, Mrs. Catherine. Miscel. Writer. L. by Birch 1679. . 

Cockburn, Sir George. Admiral 1772. . 

Cockburn, Henry Dundas, Lord. Scottish Judge 1779- ■ 

Cockburne, William. Medical Writer 1650?. 

Cocker, Edward. Arithmetician 1631 . . 

Cockerill, John. English Engineer x 790- • 



Cockson, Thomas. Engraver fi. 1630 



Coda, Benedict. Ferrarese Painter 1460 

Coddington, William. Founder of the Colony of Rhode 

Island 1601 . . 

Codinus, Georgius. Curopalates. Greek Compiler — aft. 

Codratus. Greek Physician, Saint, and Martyr — 

Codrington, Christopher. Scholar and Benefactor 1668. . 

Codrington, Sir Edward. Vice-Admiral 1770. • 

Codrington, Robert. Miscel. Writer and Translator. . . . 1602. . 

Codrus. Last King of Athens — ab.B.c. 

Coeck, or Koeck, Peter, or Van Aelst. Flemish Painter. 1500. . 

Coeffeteau, Nicholas. Translator of Florus 1 574- ■ 

Coehorn, or Cohorn, Menno, Baron von. Dutch Engineer 1641?. 

Ccelestius. Heresiarch; Partisan of Pelagius — aft 

Coello, Alonzo Sanchez. Portuguese Titian. Painter... 15 15.. 

Coello, Claudio. Spanish Painter. 1621 . . 

Coelmans, James. Engraver of Antwerp 1670'''. 

Coeln, William von. Meister Wilhelm. German Painter fl. 13 
Coen, John Peterson. Dutch Governor in East Indies. . . 1587. . 

Coessin, F. G. French Mystic 1 782 . 1 842 

Cceur, James. French Merchant — 

Coffey, Charles. Poet — 

Coffin, Sir Isaac. English Admiral 1759. . 

Coffin, Richard, or Robert. South American Poet 1797 

Cogan, Thomas, m. d., of Manchester. Medical Writer. . — 
Cogan, Thomas, m. d. Co-founder of the Royal Humane 

Society. ( On the Passions) 1 736 

Coggeshalle, Ralph, Abbot of. Historian — 

Cogswell, William. American Clergyman and Writer. . . 1789 
Cohausen, John Henry. German Physician. {Hermip- 

pus Bedivivus) 1665 

Cohorn, or Coehom, Menno, Baron von. Dutch Engineer 1641 

Coictier, or Coitier, James. Physician to Louis XI — 

Coignet, Giles. Giles of Antwerp. Painter 1530 

Cointe, Charles le. French Ecclesiastical Historian 1611 

Coiter, Volcher. Anatomist at Groningen 1534 

Cokayne, Sir Aston. Poet 1608 

Coke, Sir Edward. Lord Chief Justice 1549 



754 
747 
55 2 
785 

831 
825 

860 

570 

554 
684 

749 

853 
854 

736 ? 
6 77 ? 
840 



520- 



453 

258? 

710 

851 

665 

068 

55° 

623 

704? 

43° 
590 

693 

735 

o 

629 

or 3 

456 

£ 4 5 
839 
827 
607 

818 
228 
850 

750 

704? 

505? 

600 

681 

576? 

684 

634 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 105 

BORN. DIED. 

Coke, Dr. Thomas. Founder of Wesleyan Missions 1747. .1814 

Cola, Gennaro di. Neapolitan Painter 1320. .1370? 

Cola dell' Amatrice. Painter and Architect rl. 1 525-42 

Colantonio, Marzio di. Italian Painter 1662. .1701 

Colardeau, Charles Peter. French Poet 1732. .1766 

Colbach, John. Medical Writer fl.1695-1719 

Colbert, John Baptist. Financier. L. by P. Clement, 1846 1619. .1683 
Colbert, John Baptist, Marquis de Torci, son. French 

Minister of Marine 1665 . .1746 

Colburn, Warren. American Mathematician J 793- • 1833 

Colburn, Zerah. American Mathematical Prodigy 1804. . 1840 

Colby, Thomas, Major-General. Ordnance Surveyor.. . 1784. . 1852 

Colchester, Charles Abbot, Lord. Speaker 1757. .1829 

Colden, Cadwallader. Naturalist. (Five Nations) 1688. .1776 

Cole, Charles Nelson. Legal Antiquary 1722. . 1804 

Cole, Henry, d. d. Dean of St. Paul's. Roman Catholic 

Controversialist — ... 1579 

Cole, Thomas. Dissenting Divine. ( On Regeneration) . . — ..1697 

Cole, Thomas. Painter 1801 . . 1848 

Cole, William. Herbalist. (Adam in Eden) 1626.. 1662 

Cole, William. Medical Writer (m. d. 1666) fl. i7thc. 

Cole, Rev. William. Antiquary 1714- .1782 

Colebrooke, Henry Thomas. Orientalist 1765 . . 1837 

Coleridge, Hartley. Writer & Poet. L. by brother, 1851 1796. . 1849 

Coleridge, HenryNelson. Writer 1800. . 1843 

Coleridge, Samuel Taylor. Metaphysician & Poet. L. by 

self (Biographia Lit eraria); Gilman, 1840; Cottle, 1847 1772.. 1834 

Coleridge, Sara, daughter. Writer 1803 . .1852 

Coles, Elisha. (Dictionary) 1640?. 1 700'' 

Colet, John. Dean of St. Paul's. Life bv Dr. Samuel 

Knight, 1726; Erasmus, in " Phoenix," Vol. II 1466. .1519 

Coley, Henry. Astrologer 1633 . . 1690 

Colgan, John. Irish Franciscan. Hagiologist — ..1658 

Coli, John. Italian Fresco Painter 1634. . 1681 

Coligni, Gaspard de. Admiral. Life by Courtiltz, 1686. 1517. .1572 
Coligni, Henrietta, Countess de la Suze, dau. Poetical Wr. 1618. . 1673 

Colignon, Francis. French Engraver 1621?. 1671 

Colin, Alexander. Belgian Sculptor 1520.. 1612 

Colinseus, or Colines, Simon. Printer at Paris — 1546 or 7 

Collado, Diego. Spanish Missionary in the East — . . 1638 

Collaert, Adrian. Engraver and Printseller of Antwerp . i52o ? .i567 
Collaert, Hans, or John, son. Designer and Engraver, fl.1555-1622 
Collanges, Gabriel de. French Writer. (Polygraphy), . 1521..1572 

C0II6, Charles. French Poet and Song Writer 1709. .1783 

Colle, John. Italian Medical Writer 1558. . 1630 

Colle, Raffaellino del. Italian Painter 1490. .1530 

Colleone, Bartholomew. Venetian Generalissimo 1400. .1475 

Colleoni, Jerome. Painter of Bergamo n\ 1556 

Colles, Christopher. Philosophic Adventurer 1738' . 1821 

Collet, John. English Humorous Painter 1725.. 1780 

Collet, Peter. French Controversial Divine 1693. -^ll 

Collet, Philibert. French Writer 1643. -1T& 

Colletet, William. French Poet 1598.. 1659 

Colletta, Peter. Neapolitan Patriot 1 775 . . 1831 



106 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Collier, Arthur. English Philosopher 1680 . .1732 

Collier, Jeremy. Nonjuring Bishop. (Eccles. History). . 1650. .1726 

Collin, Henry Joseph. German Medical Writer 1731 . .1784 

Collin, Henry Joseph von. German Poet 1772. . 181 1 

Collin, Matthew von, brother. German Tragic Poet .... 1779. .1S26 
Collin d'Harleville, John Francis. Dramatist and Poet 1755 . .1806 

Collings, John. Ejected Nonconformist and Critic 1623. .1690 

Collingwood, Cuthbert, Admiral Lord. Life by G. L. N. 

Collingwood, 1829 1748 . . 1810 

Collini, Cosmo Alexander. Italian Scholar 1727. .1806 

Collins, Anthony. Deist 1676. .1729 

Collins, Arthur. (Peerage) ; 1682. .1760 

Collins, David. Governor of Van Diemen's Land. (His- 
tory of Botany Bay) 1756- .1810 

Collins, John. Mathematician 1624. . 1683 

Collins, Richard. Engraver at Brussels fl. 1664-85 

Collins, Samuel. Eng. Phys. and Naturalist in Russia. . fl. 1650-85 

Collins, William. Poet. Life by W. Mov Thomas 1720. .1756. 

Collins, Wm, r. a. Painter. L. by W. W. Collins, 1848 1787. . 1847 

Collinson, Rev. John. Topographer. (Somerset) — -.1793 

Collinson, Peter. Botanist 1694. . 1768 

Collius, Francis, of Milan. Writer. (De Animabus Pag- 

anorum) — . . 1640 

Collot, Germain. French Surgeon. See Colot fl. 1461-80 

Collot d'Herbois, John Mary. French Revolutionist. . . 1750. .1796 

Collyer, Joseph. Engraver 1748. . 1827 

Colman, George. Dramatic Poet. Translator of Terence 1733?. 1794 

Colman, George, son. Dramatic Poet 1762. . 1836 

Colocci, Angelo. Italian Bishop and Latin Poet 1467. .1549 

Colocotronis, Theodore 1770. . 1843 

Cologne, Peter de. Protestant Minister at Metz — . .1558 

Colomb, Paul de Batines. French Writer on Dante 1812. . 1855 

Colornbel, Nicholas. French Painter 1646. .1717 

Colombiere, Claude de la. French Jesuit 1611 . . 1682 

Colomboni, Angiol Maria. Painter .' 1608 . . 1672 

Colomies, or Colomesius, Paul. (Icon Theologorum Pres- 

byterianorum) 1638. .1692 

Coloni, Adam. The Old. Dutch Painter in London 1634. . 1685 

Coloni, Henry Adrian. The Young, son. Painter 1668. .1701 

Colonna, Ascanius. Cardinal. Collector of Books 1560?. 1608 

Colonna, Fabio. Italian Philosopher 1567?. 1650 

Colonna, Francis. Venetian Writer. (Hypnerotomachia) 1443.. 1527 
Colonna, Francis Maria Pompeo. Botanist. (Natural 

History of the Universe) 1649?. 1726 

Colonna, Giles. Italian Theologian — . . 1316 

Colonna, John Paul. Composer of Church Music fl. 1690 ? 

Colonna, Mark Anthony, jr. Italian General — ..1584 

Colonna, Michael Angelo. Italian Painter 1600. . 1687 

Colonna, Pompeo. Cardinal. (De Laudibus Muliebrum) — •• I 53 2 

Colonna, Prospero. Italian General J45 2 - -*5 2 3 

Colonna, Vittoria, Marchioness of Pescara. Poetess .... 1490. .1547 

Colot, Francis. Lithotomist — .. .1706 

Colot, or Collot, Germain. Fr. Surgeon and Lithotomist. fl. 1461-80 
Colot, Lawrence. Lithotomist fl. 1550 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 107 

BORN. DIED. 

Colotes. Sculptor of Paros fl. b. c. 444 

Colquhoun, Patrick, ll. d. Statistical Writer 1745. • l82 ° 

Colrane, Henry Hare, Ld. Scot. Writ, and Book Collector 1693. .1749 

Colson, John. Lucasian Professor at Cambridge — . .1760 

Colston, Edward. Benefactor 1636. .1721 

Colt, Samuel. Amer. Mechanician; Invent, of Colt's Rifle 1814. .1862 
Colton, Calvin. Amer. Clergyman and Political Writer. 1789. .1857 

Colton, Rev. Charles Caleb. (Lacon) 1780. . 1832 

Colton, Walter. American Clergyman and Writer ...... 1797. .1851 

Columba, St. Life by Adamanus; J. Smith, 1798 521?. 597 

Columbanus, St. Life by Jonas of Bobbio 543 ? . 615 

Columbus, Bartholomew *437« • I 5 I 4 

Columbus, Christopher, brother. Life by his son Ferdi- 
nand, 1530; Cotolendi; Spotorno, 1823; Washington 

Irving, 1825 1436?. 1506 

Columbus, Rualdus. Anatomist — . .1577 

Columella. Roman Agricultural Writer fl. ti. Seneca 

Columna, Guy. Sicilian Chronicler fl. 1287 

Coluthus. Greek Epic Poet. ('EAe'i/ijs apnay-q) fl. 500 '■ 

607 
671 
717 
676 
847 
817 



Colville, John. Scottish Writer 

Colvius, Andrew. Dutch Poet and Book Collector 1 594 

Colvius, Nicholas, son. Divine 1634 

Col will, Alexander. Scottish Satirical Poet 1620 

Combe, Andrew, m.d. Physiologist. L. by G. Combe, 1850 1797 
Combe, Charles, m.d. Classical Scholar and Numismatist 1743 
Combe, George. Phrenologist. ( Constitution of Man) . . 1 788 

Combefis, Francis. French Writer 1605 

Comber, Thos. Dean of Durham. L. by T. Comber, 1799 1644 
Comenius, John Amos. Moravian. (Janua Linguarum ) 1592 
Comes, Natalis. Natal Conti. Greek and Latin Poet. . . — 

Comiers, Claude. French Mathematician — 

Comines, Philip de. Historian 1445 

Comitolo, Paul. Jesuit Writer 1545 

Commandine, Frederick. Italian Mathematician 1509 

Commelin, Gaspar. Botanist 1667 

Commelin, Isaac. Dutch Historian 1598 

Commelin, Jerome. French Printer — 

Commelin, John. Dutch Botanist 1629 

Commendone, John Francis. Card. Latin Poet of Italy 1524 
Commerson, Pbilibert. French Physician and Botanist. 1727 

Commire, John. French .Jesuit. Latin Poet 1625 

Commodianus, of Gaza. Christian Poet. {Institutiones) fl. 4tl 

Commodo, Andrew. Italian Historical Painter 1560 

Commodus. Roman Emperor (180-92) 161 

Commonfort, Ygnacio. Mexican General and Statesman 1S12 

Como, Era Emanuel da. Historical Painter 1625 

Comodi, or Commodo, Andrew. Florentine Hist. Painter 1560 

Compton, Henry. Bishop of London 1632 

Compton, Spencer, Earl of Northampton. Royalist 1601 

Comstock, John Lee, m. d. Amer. Auth. of School Books 1 789 

Comte, Auguste. French Philosopher 1 798 

Comte, Louis le. Jesuit Missionary to China — 

Comte, Nicholas de. French Monk and Writer — 

Comyns, Sir John. Judge. {Digest of English Law) ... — 



679 
699 
671 
582? 

693 
509 
626 
575 
73 1 
676 
598 
692 
584 

773 

702 

c. 

638 

192 

863 

701 

63S 

713 

643 

858 

857 
729 
689 
740 



108 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Conant, John. Divine 1608. . 1693 

Conca, Sebastian. Italian Historical Painter 1676. .1764 

Concanen, Matthew. Political Writer and Poet — . .1749 

Concilia, Daniel, of Venice. ( System of Theology) 1686 . . 1 756 

Concini, or Marshal D'Ancre. Marshal of France — . .1617 

Condamine, Charles Mary de la. Traveler 1701 . . 1 774 

Conde, Henry I., Prince of. I 55 2 - -1588 

Cond6, Henrv II., Prince of. Renounced Protestantism. 

Minister of State. Life by Renaudot, 1646 1588. .1646 

Conde, Joseph Anthony. Spanish Orientalist 1765?. 1820 

Conde, Louis, First Prince of. Huguenot; killed at Jarnac 1530. .1569 
Conde, Louis II., Prince of. The Great. Due d'Enghien; 
Commander. Life by Coste ; Desormeaux, 1768 ; Lord 

Mahon, 1845 1621 . . 1686 

Conder, John, d. d. Dissenting Divine 17 14. .1781 

Conder, Josiah. Poet. Lite by E. R. Conder, 1857 1789. .1855 

Condillac, Stephen-Bonnot de. Metaphysician 1715?. 1780 

Condi vi, Ascanius. Painter and Sculptor. (Life of Mi- 
chael Angelo) 1520. , — 

Condorcet, M. J. A. N. Caritat, Marquis of. Metaphys. . 1743?. 1794 
Condren, Charles de. French Oratorian. L. by Amelotte 1588. . 1641 

Coneete, Thomas de. French Carmelite Preacher — . . 1434 

Conegliano, II. John Bajrtist Cima. Painter 1460. . 1517? 

Conei, or Cowne, George. Scottish Roman Catholic. 

(Life of Mary Stuart) — . . 1640 

Coney, John. Engraver 1787?. 1833 

Confucius. Kung-fu-tse. Chinese Philosopher 551 . 479 b. c. 

Congleton, Henry Brooke Parnell, Lord. Politician .... 1776. .1842 
Congreve,Wm. Dramatic Poet. L.byChas. Wilson, 1730 1670. .1729 
Congreve, Sir Wm. Lieut.-Colonel. Inventor of Rockets 1772. .1828 
Conington, Rev. F. T., of Oxford. Scholar and Writer. i828 ? .i863 

Conner, David. American Naval Officer 1792'. 1856 

Connor, Bernard. Irish Physician. [History of Poland). 1666. .1698 

Conolly, Colonel. Envoy to Bokhara; murdered — . . 1S43 

Conon. Athenian Commander — aft.B.c.393 

Conrad I. Count of Franconia. King of Germany — . . 918 

Conrad H. Emperor of Germany. The Salic — . . 1039 

Conrad III 1093 . . 1 1 52 

Conrad IV 1228. .1254 

Conrad, or Conradin, son; beheaded by Charles of Anjou 1252. .1268 

Conrad, of Wurtzburg. German Minnesinger — . .1287 

Conrad, or Coenrads, Abraham. Dutch Engr. & Designer 1620''. — 

Conrad, Robert T. American Judge and Poet 1S10. . 1858 

Conrart, Valentine. Founder of the French Academy. . . 1603. . 1675 

Conri, Florence. Irish Friar and Theologian 1560. .1629 

Conringius, Hermann. Jurist, Antiquarian, & Philosopher 1606 . . 1681 

Consalvi, Ercole. Cardinal. Roman Statesman 1757. . 1824 

Consentius. Grammarian of Constantinople A. 450? 

Consetti, Anthony. Italian Historical Painter 1686. . 1766 

Constable, Archibald. Publisher. (Miscellany) 1775 . .1827 

Constable, Henry. Poet. . . .' fl. 16th c. 

Constable, John, r. a. Painter. L. by C R. Leslie, 1815 1776. .1837 

Constans I. Emperor of Rome (337-50) 320. . 350 

Constans H. (641-68.) Roman Emperor of the East. . . 630.. 668 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 109 

BORN. DIED. 

Constant de Kebecque, David. Swiss Prot. Theologian 1638. .1733 
Constant de Rebecque, Henry Benjamin. French Ora- 
tor, Statesman, and Writer 1767. . 1830 

Constantin Faulcon. Greek Adventurer 1648 . . 1688 

Constantine I. The Great. Emperor of Rome (306-37). 

Life hy Eusebius ; J. Reuchlin 272? . 337 

Constantine II. (337-40) 316?. 340 

Constantine III. (641) 612. . 641 

Constantine IV. (668-85.) Pogonatus, or Barbatus .. . 648.. 685 

Constantine V. Copronijinus. (741-75) 718. . 775 

Constantine VI. (780-797) 771 . . 797 

Constantine VII. Purphyrogenitus. (911-59) 9°5-- 959 

Constantine VIII. (944-45) — . . 947 

Constantine IX. (976-1028) 961.. 1028 

Constantine X. Monomachus. (1042-54) iooo ? .io54 

Constantine XI. Ducas. (1059-67) 1007?. 1067 

Constantine XII. Ducas. (1067-78) — 1078 or 82 

Constantine XIII. Palmologus. (1448-53) *394- • J 453 

Constantine. Pope (708-15) — . . 715 

Constantine. The African. Orientalist and Physician . — ..1087 

Constantine. Grand Prince of Russia, son of Paul 1779- • J 83i 

Constantine, Anthony. Physician at Lyons — . . 1616 

Constantine, Robt. Fr. Schol. {Lexicon Grwco-Latinum) — . . 1605 
Constantius I. Chlorus. Emperor of Rome (305-6) .... 250?. 306 

Constantius II. (337-61) 317. . 361 

Constantius HI. (421) — . . 421 

Constanzo, Angelo de. Hist. & Poet. {History of Naples) 1507. .1591? 
Contarini, Gaspar. Cardinal. Divine and Statesman. 

Life by John de la Casa 1483. .1542 

Contarini, John. Historical and Portrait Painter 1 549. . 1605 

Contarini, Vincent. Ital. Classical Scholar & Antiquary 1577. .1617 

Conte, Guido del, or Fassi. Inventor of Scagliola x 584. .1649 

Conte, Jacopino del. Ital. Historical and Portrait Painter 1510. .1598 
Conte, Nicholas James. French Painter and Mechanician 1755 . .1805 

Conti, Armand de Bourbon, Prince of 1629. . 1666 

Conti, Charles. Engraver at Vienna 1742. .1790 

Conti, Francis. Florentine Historical Painter 1681 . .1760 

Conti de Val Montone, Giusto de. Ital. Poet & Lawyer — . . 1449 

Conti, Luke. Engraver and Architect 1749- -1790 

Conti, Nicholas di. De Comitibus. Traveler fl. 1444 

Contini, John Baptist. Architect t 1641 . .1723 

Conto-Pertana, Joseph. Portuguese Poet — . . 1735 

Conway, Thos. Major-Gen. in Army of Amer. Revolution — aft.1778 
Conybeare, John. Bishop of Bristol. {Defence of Revealed 

Religion) 1692. . 1755 

Conybeare, John Josias. Divine, Critic, Antiquary .... 1779. .1824 
Conybeare, Wm. Daniel. Dean of Llandaff. Geologist 1787. .1857 
Conybeare, Rev. Wm. John. {L. of St. Paul ; Ch. Parties) — ..1857 

Cooghen, Leonard van. Painter 1610. . 1681 

Cook, George, d. d. Scottish Divine and Historian 1795 • • J ^45 

Cook, Henry. Painter 1642. .1700 

Cook, Captain James. Navigator. Life by Kippis, 1788 1728. .1779 

Cooke, Sir Anthony. Preceptor to Edward VI 1506?. 1576 

Cooke, Dr. Benjamin. Musical Composer *739- • *793 



110 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Cooke, George. Engraver 1781. . 1834 

Cooke, George Frederick. Actor 1755 . . 1812 

Cooke, John Rodgers. American Jurist 1788. . 1854 

Cooke, Philip Pendleton. American Poet 1816. . 1850 

Cooke, Robert. Divine and Scholar — . . 1614 

Cooke, Thomas. Poet. Translator of Hesiod 1702?. 1756 

Cooke, Thomas. Musician 1781 . .1848 

Cooke, T. P. Actor 1786? . 1864 

Cooke, Rev. Wm. Poet and Biographer. ( Conversation) — . .1814 

Cooke, William. Lawyer. (Bankrupt Laws) 1757. .1832 

Cooley, Thomas. Irish Architect i74°- • J 784 

Coombe, William. (Dr. Syntax) 1741 . . 1823 

Cooper, Anthony Ashley, 1st E. Shaftesbury. Statesman 1621 . . 1683 
Cooper, Anthony Ashley, 3d E. Shaft. ( Characteristics) 1671 . .1713 
Cooper, Sir Astley Paston. Surgeon. L. by B. B. Cooper 1768. .1841 

Cooper, James Fenimore. American Noveljst ^89. .1851 

Cooper, John Gilbert. Poet and Miscellaneous Writer. . 1723. .1769 

Cooper, Dr. Miles. Divine and Poet — . . 1 785 

Cooper, Richard. British Poussin. Painter and Engraver. 

( Views of Windsor) — aft.1806 

Cooper, Richard. Paint. & Engrav. ( Vieioof St.Peter's) 1730. . 1820? 

Cooper, Samuel. Miniature Painter 1609. . 1672 

Cooper, Rev. Samuel. American Patriot and Theologian 1725. .1823 

Cooper, Thomas. Bishop of Winchester (1584-94) 151 7?. 1594 

Cooper, Thomas. Natural Philos., Lawyer, & Politician 1759. .1840 

Coote, Sir Charles, Viscount. Irish Politician — . .1661 

Coote, Sir Evre. Commander in India 1726. .1783 

Cootwyck, or Kootwyck, Jurian. Dutch Goldsm. & Engr. 1714 . . — 

Cop, William. Swiss Physician (m. d. 1495) — . .1532 

Cope, Sir John. Eng. General; defeated at Prestonpans . 1745.. — 

Copernicus, Nicholas. Astronomer I 473- • J 543 

Cophsis, Samuel. Spanish Rabbi — . . 1034 

Coplestone, Edward. Bishop of Llandaff( 1827-49). Life 

by W. J. Coplestone, 1851 1776.. 1849 

Copley, John Singleton. Painter 1737- • 1815 

Copley, John Singleton, Ld. Lyndhurst, son. Ld. Chanc. 1772. .1863 
Coppa, II Cavalier. Antony Giarola. Historical Painter 1595. .1665 

Coppetta. Francis Beccuti. Italian Poet ^-S^- - 1553 

Coppi, James. Florentine Painter J 5 2 3- • I59 1 

Coq, Peter le. French Canonist 1 728 ..1777 

Coquelin, Charles* French Political Economist 1803. .1852 

Coques, Gonzalo, of Antwerp. Painter 1618. . 1684 

Coradi, or Curadi, Octavius. Bolognese Painter — . . 1643 

Coram, Capt. Thomas. Founder of Foundling Hospital . 1668 ? .i 751 
Coras, James de. Fr. Poetical Writ. (Jonah and Nineveh) 1630.. 1677 
Coras, John de. Fr. Civilian. Life by James de Coras. 1513. .1572 

Coray, Adamantios. Modern Greek Author 1748- . 1833 

Corbet, John. Ejected Nonconformist. Writer 1620.. 1680 

Corbet, Richard. Bishop. Poet. Life by Gilchrist, 1807 1582. .1635 

Corbulo, Cneius Domitius. Roman Commander — .. 67 

Corcoran, Michael. American General 1827. . 1S63 

Cordara, Julius Caesar. (Historia Societatis Jesu) 1704- -1784 

Corday d'Armans, Marianne Charlotte de. Assassinator 

of Marat 1768.. 1793 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. Ill 

BOBN\ DIED. 

Corde, Maurice de la. Fr. Huguenot Scholar and Phys. fl. 1559-84 

Cordemoy, Gerard de. French Historian — ..1684 

Cordemoy, Louis Gerard de, son. French Theologian . . 165 1. .1722 

Corder, Balthasar. Dutch Jesuit; Greek Critic i59 2 - .1650 

Cordes, John de. French Writer 1570. . 1642 

Cordier, or Corderius, Mathurin. ( Colloquies) 1478. 1564 

Cordieri, Nicholas. 11 Franciosino. Sculptor 1561 . .1612 

Cordiner, Charles. Topographer and Antiquary 1746. .i/94 

Cordova, Adrian of. Spanish Carmelite; Hist. Painter. . — . .1630 
Cordova, Francis Fernandez de. Spanish Navigator. ... — . .1518 

Cordova, Joseph M. South American General 1797?. 1829 

Cordova, Louis Fernandez de. Spanish General 1799- • I 84° 

Corduba, Francis. Italian Painter and Engraver — .. — 

Cordus, Euricius. German Medical and Poetical Writer, i486. .1538 

Cordus, Valerius, son. Botanist 1515..1544 

Corelli, Arcangelo. Italian Violinist 1653. .1713 

Corenzio, Belisarius. Greek Painter at Naples 1558?. 1643 

Coriate, or Coryate, George. Latin Poet — . . 1606 

Cordate, or Coryate, Thomas. Traveler and Writer 15 77. .1617 

Corilla. Alary Magdalen Fernandez. Improwisatrice . . 1 740 . . 1 800 

Corinna. Greek Poetess fl. B.C. 490? 

Corio, Bernardine. Historian of Milan !459- • I 5 I 9 

Coriolano, Bartholomew. Engraver I 59°- • J 654 

Coriolano, Christopher. Designer and Engraver on Wood 1560? . i6oo ? 

Coriolano, John Baptist. Engraver 1595 .. . 1649 

Coriolanus. Roman General — aft.B.c.489 

Cormontaigne, Louis de. French Military Engineer i696 ? .i752 

Cornachini, Mark. Medical Writer fl. 1607 

Cornacbini, Thomas. Italian Medical Writer — . . 1605 

Cornarius, John. German Medical Writer 1500. .1558 

Cornaro, or Cornelio, Flaminius. Italian Historian J (>93- l 77^ 

Cornaro, Francis. Cardinal Bishop of Brescia *479 ? • *543 

Cornaro, George Basil. Cardinal Bishop of Padua 1658. .1722 

Cornaro, Louis, of Venice. {Discorsi della Vita Sobria). 1467.. 1566 
Cornaro-Piscopia, Lucretia Helena. ' Venetian Scholar. 1646. .1684 

Cornazzani, Anthony. Italian Poet fl. 15th c. 

Corneille, John Baptist. Painter and Engraver 1646. .1695 

Corneille, Michael. French Painter and Engraver 1603.. 1664 

Corneille, Michael, son. Painter and Engraver 1642. .1708 

Corneille, Peter. Dramatic Poet 1606. .1684 

Corneille, Thomas, brother. Dramatist. (Diet, of Art) 1625. .1709 

Cornelia. Roman Matron; wife of Gracchus 2d c. b.c. 

Cornells, or Comely. Cornelius van Haerlem. Painter. 1562.. 1638 
Cornelisz, or Cornelissen, Jacob, of Amsterdam. Painter i47i ? . 1567 

Cornelisz, or Cornelius, Lucas. Dutch Painter 1493- -I55 a 

Cornelius, St. Bishop of Rome (250-52) — . . 252 

Corner* George Richard. Antiquary and Legal Writer. . i8oi ? .i863 
Cornetto, Adrian. Castellesi. Cardinal. Bishop of Bath 

and Wells — aft. 1518 

Cornhert, or Coornhert, Diederik. Dutch Writer 1522. .1590 

Corniani, John Baptist, Count de. Italian Writer 1742. .1813 

Cornwallis, Sir Charles. Ambassador to Spain — . . 1630? 

Cornwallis, Charles, 1st Marquess of. Gov.-Gen. of India 1 738 . . 1805 
Corona, Leonard. Historical Painter 1561 . . 1605 



112 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Ooronado, Francis Vasquez de. Spanish Explorer — . .1542 

Coronelli, Mark Vincent, of Venice. Math.*& Geographer 1650?. 1 718 

Corr, Erin. Belgian Engraver 1S03. .1862 

Corradi, Dominic. II Ghirlandajo. Florentine Painter. 1449.. 1498 

Corradini de Sezza, Peter Marcellinus. Cardinal 1658. . 1743 

Corradus, Sebastian. Grammarian of Bologna — . .1556 

Correa de Serra, Joseph Francis. Portuguese Scholar. . 1750. .1823 
Correggio, Antonio Allegri da. Italian Painter. Life by 

Mengs; Coxe, 1823 J 494- • I 534 

Corri, Dominic. Musical Composer. ( The Traveler)... 1744.. 1825 
Corrie, Daniel. Bishop of Madras. Life by his brothers 1777. .1837 

Corrozet, Giles. Bookseller and Writer at Paris 1510. .1568 

Corsini, Edward, of Pisa. Philosopher & Mathematician 1702. .1765 

Cort, Cornelius. Dutch Artist and Engraver 1536. .1578 

Cort, Henry, of Gosport. Metallurgist 1 740 . . 1800 

Corte, Caesar. Genoese Painter I 55 > • !6i3 ? 

Corte, David, son. Painter — . . 1657 

Cortereal, Gasper. Portuguese Navigator — . .1502? 

Cortesi, Giovanna. Painter of Florence •. . . . 1670?. 1736 

Cortes, Hernando. Conqueror of Mexico 1485 . . 1554 

Cortesi, or Courtois, Jas. J I Borgognone. Pa. of Battles. 1621. .1676 
Cortesi, Wm., brother. II Borgognone. Historical Painter 1628. .1679 
Cortesius, Paul. Ital. Theologian. {De Hominibus Doctis) 1465 . . 15 10 

Cortez, Gregory. Italian Classical Scholar 1483. .1548 

Cortez, Hernando. See Cortes 1485 . . 1554 

Corti, Matthew. Curtius. Italian Medical Writer 1475 . .1544 

Cortieelli, Salvator. Italian Grammarian 1690. .1758 

Cortona, Pietro da. Berettini. Ital. Painter & Architect 1596. .1669 

Corvini, Matthew. King of Hungary and Bohemia — . . 1490 

Corvinus, John Augustus. German Engraver 1682. .1738 

Corvisart Desmarets, John Nicholas. Fr. Med. Writer 1755. .1821 
Coryate. See Coriate. 

Cosimo, Peter da. Italian Painter 1441 . .1521 

Cosin, John. Bishop of Durham 1594.. 1672 

Cosmas. Indicopleustes. Egyptian Merchant fi. 522-47 

Cosmas, of Jerusalem. Monk and Hymnologist fl. 743? 

Cosme, John Baseilhac. French Lithotomist ^7°Z- .1781 

Cosmo I. De' Medici. Grand Duke of Tuscany. Life 

by Aldus Manutius, jr., 1585 1519. .1574 

Cosmo II. De' Medici. Grand Duke of Tuscany 1590. . 1621 

Cosmo IH. De' Medici. Grand Duke of Tuscany. Life 

by R. Stewart, 1821 1642. .1723 

Cospean, or Cospeau, Philip. Fr. Prelate and Preacher. 1568. .1646 
Cossali, Peter. Italian Mathematician. {Hist, of Algebra) 1748. .1815 

Cossart, Gabriel. French Jesuit ; Writer 1615 . . 1674 

Cosse, Charles de, Count de Brissac. French Marshal.. . 1505. .1563 

Cossiers, John, of Antwerp. Historical Painter 1603. .1652 

Cossin, Coquin, or Cawquin, Louis. French Engraver. . 1633. .1682 

Costa, Emanuel Mendez da. Naturalist — . . — 

Costa, George da. Portuguese Cardinal. Statesman 1406. .1508 

Costa, Isaac de. Dutch Poet 1798. .i860 

Costa, Lorenzo. Ferrarese Painter — . .1530? 

Costa, Paul. Italian Author 1771 . . 1836 

Costanzi, Placido. Italian Painter* 1688. . 1759 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 113 

BORN. DIED. 

Costanzo, Angelo di. Neapolitan Poet. (Hist, of Naples) 1507. .1591 

Costard, Rev. George. Oriental Writer 1710?. 1782 

Coste, Peter. French Protestant "Writer 1668. .1747 

Coster, Lawrence Jansen, of Haarlem. Printer i37o ? .i440 ? 

Cosway, Richard, R. A. Miniature Portrait Painter 1740. ■ 1821 

Cota, Rodriguez de. Elder. Spanish Poet 15th c. 

Cotelerius, J. Bapt. Gr. Scholar & Editor. L. by Baluze 1627. .1686 

Cotes, Francis. Painter 1 726 . . 1 770 

Cotes, Roger. Mathematician and Astronomer 1682. .1716 

Cotin, Charles. French Poet 1604. . 1682 

Cotman, John Sell. Artist of Norman Antiquities 1780?. 1843 

Cotolendi, Charles. French Biographer — ..1710? 

Cotta, John. Italian Scholar and Poet 1483?. 15 10 

Cotta, John Fred., Baron von Cottendorf. Ger. Publisher 1764. .1832 

Cotte, Robert de. French Architect 1656 .. 1735 

Cotterell, Sir Charles. Linguist and Scholar — . .1687 

Cottin, Sophia de. French Novelist. ( Elizabeth, or Exiles 

of Siberia) 1773. .1807 

Cottington, Francis, Lord. Statesman 1574?. 1651 

Cottle, Amos. Verse Writer — . . 1800 

Cottle, Joseph. Publisher. (Recollections of Coleridge). . 1770.. 1853 

Cotton, Charles. Burlesque Poet and Angier 1630. . 1687 

Cotton, John. American Divine 1585 . . 1652 

Cotton, Nathaniel, m. d. Poet. ( Visions in Verse) 1707. .1788 

Cotton, or Coton, Peter. Confessor to Henry IV. Life 

by P. J. Orleans J S^4- -1626 

Cotton, Sir Robert Bruce. Collector of Cottonian Library 1570. .1631 
Cotugno, or Cotunius, Dominic. Anatomist. {Be Aqua- 

ductibus Auris) 1736. . 1822 

Couch, Richard Quillar. English Surgeon and Scientist. 1816..1863 

Couche, John. French Designer and Engraver — . .1759 

Coucy, R^naud, or Raoul de. French Minstrel fl. 12th c. 

Coudrette, Christopher. Anti-Jesuit Writer 1701 . .1774 

Coulet, Ann Philibert. French Engraver 1736. . — 

Coulomb, Charles Augustus de. Experimental Philosopher 1736. .1806 

Coulon, Louis. French Historian 1605 . . 1664 

Couperin, Francis. The Great. Fr. Musical Composer. 1668. .1733 

Couplet, Philip. Flemish Missionary to China 1628. .1692 

Courayer, Peter Francis le. French Divine 1681 . . 1776 

Courbes, John de. French Engraver i592 ? . — 

Courcelles, Stephen de. Arminian Divine and Critic . . . 1586. .1658 

Courcelles, Thomas de. French Theologian 1400. . 1469 

Courier de M6re, Paul Louis. French Political Writer.. 1773. .1825 
Courtanvaux, Francis Caesar de Tellier, Marquis of. Offi- 
cer. Natural Philosopher 1718. .1781 

Court de Q-ebelin, Anthony. Writ. ( Le Monde Primitif) 1725.. 1784 
Courten, Sir Wm. Merchant and Capitalist in London. i572 ? .i636 
Courten, William. English Naturalist and Collector. . . . 1642. .1702 

Courtiltz de Sandras, Gatien. French Writer 1644. .1712 

CourtivTon, Gaspar, Marquis of. Fr. Soldier and Scholar 171 5 . .1785 
Courtnay, John, m. p. (Poetical Review of Dr. Johnson) 1741 . .1816 
Courtney, William. Archbishop of Canterbury (1381-96) 1341 . .1396 
Courtois, or Cortesi, James. Bourguignon. French Painter 1621 . . 1676 
Courtois, William, brother. Bourguignon. Painter .... 1628. .1679 
8 



114 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Cousin, John. French Painter, Sculptor, Geometrician. 

(Livre de Perspective) . . 1500?. 1590 

Cousinet, Catherine Elizabeth. French Engraver 1726. . — 

Coustou, Nicholas. French Sculptor 1658. .1733 

Coustou, William, brother. Sculptor 1678 . .1746 

Coustou, William. Sculptor and Architect 1716. .1777 

Coutelle, John Mary Joseph. French Engineer 1748. .1835 

Couthon, George. French Revolutionist 1756. . 1794 

Coutts, Thomas. Banker 1731-. 1822 

Couvay, John. French Designer and Engraver 1622. . — 

Couvreur, Adrienne le. French Actress 1692. .1730 

Covarruvias, Diego. Le Bartole Espagnole. Canonist.. 1512..1577 
Covell, John, d. d. Ambass. Vice-Chanc. of Cambridge 1638. .1722 

Coventry, Henry. {Letters of Philemon) — . . 1752 

Coventry, James. Mechanician 1812. . — 

Coventry, Thos. Ld. Coventry of Aylesborough. Ld. Keeper 1578. .1640 

Coverdale, Miles. Bishop of Exeter (1551-53) 1485 . . 1565 

Coward, William, M.n. Medical and Metaphysical Writer 1656'. 1725 

Cowell, John, ll. d. Lawyer and Antiquarv 1554. . 1611 

Cowherd, Rev. William. Founder of the Bible Christians — ..1816 

Cowley, Abraham. Poet. Life by Bishop Sprat 1618. . 1667 

Cowley, Mrs. Hannah. Dramatic Poet 1743- • l %°9 

Cowley, Henry Wellesley, Lord. Diplomatist 1773- • 1847 

Cowper, Edward. Mechanician 1 790 . . 1852 

Cowper, William. Bishop of Galloway 1566. . 1619 

Cowper, William. Anatomist of London. (Myotomia) . . 1666. .1709 
Cowper, William, First Earl Cowper. Lord Chancellor.. — . .1723 
Cowper, Wm., d. d. Dean of Durham. Geom. and Writer 1714?. 1772 
Cowper, Wm. Poet. L. by Hayley ; Southey ; Grimshawe 1731 . . 1800 

Cox, David. Landscape Painter 1793- • x ^59 

Cox, Francis Aug., d. d. English Clergyman and Writer 1783. .1853 

Cox, Leonard. ( The Art or Craft of Rhetoryhe) — . .1549 

Cox, Richard. Bishop of Ely (1559-81) 1499. .1581 

Cox, Sir Richard. Lord Chancellor of Ireland. Historian 1650. .1733 

Coxcie, or Coxis, Michael van. Flemish Painter l 497- • J59 2 

Coxe, Win. Archdeacon. Historian. (House of Austria) 1747. .1828 

Coxeter, Thomas. Literary Collector 1689. .1747 

Coyer, Gabriel Francis. French Writer 1707. .1782 

Coypel, Anthony, son of Noel. French Painter 1661 . .1722 

Coypel, Charles Arfthony, son. French Painter 1694. .1752 

Coypel, Noel. French Painter 1628. .1707 

Coypel, Noel Nicholas. The Uncle. French Painter 1688.. 1734 

Coysevox, Anthony. Spanish Sculptor in France 1640. .1720 

Cozza, Francis. Sicilian Historical Painter 1605 . . 1682 

Cozza, John Baptist. Italian Historical Painter 1676. .1742 

Craaneu, Theodore. Dutch Medical Writer — . . 1688 

Crabb, George. English Barrister and Philologist 1778. .1854 

Crabbe, Rev. George. Poet. Life by his son 1754- • 1832 

Crabeth, Dirk. Dutch Painter on Glass — . . 1601 

Crab eth, Wouter, brother. The Elder. Painter on Glass fl. 1560-68 

Cradock, Luke. Painter of Birds i66o ? . 1717 

Cradock, Samuel. Ejected Nonconformist Writer 1620. .1706 

Craesbeke, Joseph van, of Brussels. Painter 1608. . 1668 

Crafts, William. American Lawyer and Author 1787. . 1826 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 115 

BORN. DIED. 

Craig, James. Scottish Divine and Poet 1682. .1744 

Craig, Sir James Henry. General 1748. .1812 

Craig, John. ScottishReformer 151 1. .1600 

Craig, John. ( Theologian Christinnce Principia Mathematica) fl. 1699 

Craig, Nicholas. Danish Scholar and Historian r 549 ? - *6o2 

Craig, Sir Thomas. Writer on Feudal Law. Life by P. F. 

Tytler, 1823 1548?. 1608 

Craig, William, d. d. Scottish Divine i7°9- - J 7^4 

Craig, William. Scottish Judge and Writer 1745 • • I ^ I 3 

Crakanthorpe, Richard. Preacher and Controv. Divine 1567. .1624 

Cramaud, Simon de. Cardinal — aft. 1409 

Cramer, Daniel. German Divine and Metaphysician . . . $568. .1637 

Cramer, Francis. Musical Composer *77 2 - ■ J ^4^ 

Cramer, Gabriel. Swiss Mathematician > I 7°4- • I 75 2 

Cramer, John Andrew. German Chemist 1710. .1777 

Cramer, John Andrew. German Theologian 1723. .1788 

Cramer, John Anthony, r>. v. Classical Geographer 1793- • ^4^ 

Cramer, John Baptist" Musical Artist and Composer. . . 1771 . . 1858 
Cramer, John Frederick. German Scholar and Historian — . . 171 5 

Cramer, John Isaac, of Geneva. Medical Writer fl. 1700 

Cramer, John James. Orientalist 1673. .1702 

Cramer, John Rudolph. Hebraist at Zurich 1678. .1737 

Cramer, Nicholas. Flemish Painter 1670?. 1710 

Cranaeh, or Kranach, Lucas. German Painter 1472. .1553 

Cranch, William. American Jurist 1769. . 1855 

Crane, Thomas. Ejected Nonconformist. (On Providence) — • .1714 

Crane, William M. American Naval Officer 1776. . 1846 

Cranmer, Thomas, Archb. of Canterbury (1533-55). L. 

by Strype, 1694; Gilpin, 1784; Archd. H. J. Todd, 1831 1489. .1556 

Cranz, or Kranz, David. Moravian Missionary 1723. . 1777 

Crapelet, Charles. French Printer 1762. . 1809 

Crapelet, George Adrian, son. Printer and Author 1789. .1842 

Crapone, Adam de. French Canal Engineer 1519- • 1559 

Crashaw, Richard. Poet (b. a. 1633) — . . 1650 

Crasso, Lawrence. Italian Writer fl. 1666 

Crassus, Lucius Licinius. Orator 140-91 B.C. 

Crassus, Marcus Licinius. Triumvir. Dives. Slain by 

Parthians 115 ? . 53 B.C. 

Craterus. General of Alexander the Great — B.c.321 

Crates. Athenian Comic Poet fl. b.c. 450 

Crates. Cynic Philosopher fl. B.C. 320 

Crates. Athenian Philos. ; Instructor of Arcesilaus. . . . fl. 3d c. b.c. 

Cratinus. Athenian Comic Poet 519-422 B.C. 

Cratippus. Peripatetic Philosopher. 

Craton, or Crafftheim, John 1519..1585 

Craven, Eliz.,Lady. Margravine of Anspach. SeeAnspach 1750. .1828 

Craveta, Aimon. Piedmontese Law Writer J 5 4- • J 569 

Crawford, Adair. Physician and Naturalist 1749- • 1795 

Crawford, Anne. Actress 1734- • 1801 

Crawford, Geo. Historiographer. {Lives of Officers of State) fl. 1725 

Crawford, Quintin. Writer *743- -1819 

Crawford, Thomas. American Sculptor 1814. . 1857 

Crawford, William. Scottish Divine. (Dying Thoughts) 1676. .1742 
Crawford, William Harris. American Statesman i77 2 - -1834 



116 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. 

Crawford, "William Sharman, m. p. Politician — 

Crawfurd, David. Historian and Antiquary. {Memoirs) 1665 
Crawford, John Lindsay, Earl of. Life by Richard Rolt. 1702 

Crawfurd, Thomas. Professor at Edinburgh — 

Crayer, Caspar. Flemish Painter 1582 

Creagh, Richard. Roman Catholic Archbishop of Armagh — 
Creblllon, Claude Prosper Joliot de. French Novelist. . . 1707 
Crebillon, Prosper Joliot de. Classical Dramatical Writer 1674 

Credi, Lawrence Andrew di. Italian Painter I 454 ? • I 536 ? 

Creech, Thomas. Poet. Classical Translator J659. .1700 

Creichton, John. Irish Soldier of Fortune 1648. .1733 

Creighton, Robert. Bp. of Bath and Wells. (I will arise) 1593. .1672 

Crell, Louis Christian. German Writer 1671 . .1735 

Crell, or Crellius, John. German Unitarian Divine i59°- -^33 

Crell, Nicholas. Prime Minister of Christian I. of Saxony 1550?. 1601 

Cremonese. Painter. See Caletti i6oo ? . 1660 

Cremonini, Caesar, of Padua. Aristotelian Philosopher. . 1550.. 1631 

Cremonini, John Baptist. Painter at Bologna 1560?. 1610 

Crenius, Thomas. Dutch Philologist 1648. . 1728 

Crequi de Blanchefort, Francis de. Marshal of France 1624?. 1687 

Crescentini, Jerome. Singer 1769. . 1846 

Crescenzi. Bartholomew Cavarazzi. Painter 1590?. 1625 

Creseenzi, John Baptist, Marquis de la Torre. Painter . 1595. .1660 
Crescenzi, Peter de. DeCrescentiis. Writer on Agriculture 1230.. 1320 

Crescimbeni, John Maria. Italian Poet and Critic 1663. .1728 

Crespi, Anthony, brother of Louis. Painter — ..1782? 

Crespi, Daniel, of Milan. Painter 1590.. 1630 

Crespi, Giuseppe Maria. II Spagnuolo. Bolognese Painter 1665 . . 1747 

Crespi, John Baptist. H Cerano. Italian Painter 1557. .1633 

Crespi, Louis. Italian Painter and Writer — . .1779 

Cresson, Elliott. American Philanthropist 1796. . 1854 

Cresswell, Sir Cresswell. Judge of Divorce Court — . . 1863 

Cressy, Hugh Paulin. Rom. Cath. Eccles. Hist. & Div. . 1605. .1674 
Cresti, Dominic. Passignano. Italian Historical Painter 1558. .1638 

Creti, Donato. Italian Painter 1671 . .1749 

Cretin, William Dubois. French Poet — . .1525 

Creutz, Gustavus Philip, Ct. of. Swed. Poet & Statesman 1726. .1785 
Creutzfelder, John George. German Portrait Painter. . — -.1633 
Creuzer, George Fred. Ger. Antiq. {Myth, of Antiquity) 1771 . .1858 
Crevalcore, Anthony da. Portrait Painter at Bologna. . fl. 1490 

Crevier, John Baptist Louis. Historical Writer ^93 . '*76$ 

Crew, Nathaniel, 3d Lord. Bishop of Durham (1674-1722) 1633 . .1722 
Crichton, James. The Admirable. L. by Sir T. Urquhart ; 

P. F. Tytler, 1823 1560 

Crillon, Louis Athanasius B. B. de. Fr. Scholar & Divine 1726 
Crillon, Louis de Balbes de Berton de. French General. 

Besieged Rochelle. Life by Margaret de Lussan, 1757 1541 
Crillon Mahon, Louis de Berthon, Duke of. General. 

Besieged Gibraltar. {Military Memoirs) 1718 

Crillon Mahon, Louis Anthony Francis de Paule de, 

Duke of, son 1775 

Crinesius, Christopher. Orientalist at Altorf 1584 

Crinitus, Peter. Riccio. Florentine Scholar 1465 

Crisp, Tobias, d. d. Puritan Divine. L. by Dr. John Gill 1600 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 117 

BORN. DIED. 

Crispe, Sir Nicholas, of London. Royalist 1598. . 1666 

Crispus, Anthony. Sicilian Physician 1600 . . 1688 

Cristofane. Painter of Bologna *349- • 1387 

Cristofori, or Cristofani, Fabio. Painter of Mosaic fl. 17th c. 

Critias. Athenian Statesman; pupil of Socrates — B.c.404 

Crittenden, John Jay. American Statesman 1786. .1863 

Crivellari, Bartholomew. Italian Sculptor and Engraver 1725. .1777 
Crivelli, Angelo Mary. II Crivellone. Milanese Painter — --1730 

Crivelli, Charles. Venetian Painter — aft. 1476 

Crivelli, James. Painter of Birds and Fishes — . . 1 760 

Croce, Balthasar. Bolognese Painter I %$3' • I ^ >2 ^ 

Croce, St. Jerome di. Italian Painter fl.i 520-49 

Crockett, David. Am. Backwoodsman. L. by self, 1834. 1786. .1836 
Croese, Gerard. Dutch Protestant Divine and Historian 1642. .1710 

Crcesus, King of Lydia (b. c. 560-546) — B.c.546 

Croft, Herbert. Bishop of Hereford (1662-91) 1603. .1691 

Croft, Rev. Sir Herbert. (Love and Madness) 1751 . . 1816 

Croft, William, mus. doc. Musical Composer 1657?. 1727 

Crofton, Zachary. Nonconformist Divine — . . 1672 

Croius, or De Croi, John. French Divine. ( Observations 

in Novum Testamentum) — . . 1659 

Croix, Alexander Louis Mary Petis de la. Orientalist. . . 1698. .1751 

Croix, Francis Petis de la. French Orientalist 1653. .1713 

Croix-du-Maine, Francis Grude de la. Bibliographer.. 1552.. 1592 
Croke, Sir Alexander, d. c. l. Civil and Miscel. Writer. . 1800. . 1842 

Croke, or Crook, Sir George. Judge 1559. . 1641 

Croke, Richard, d. d. Crocus. Reviver of Class. Learn. — . .1558 

Croker, John Wilson. Writer 1780. . 1857 

Croker, Thomas Crofton, f. s. a. Antiquary 1798. . 1854 

Croll, Oswald. Ger. Medical Writer. {Basilica Chimica) — . . 1609 

Croly, Rev. George, i,l. d. Writer 1780. . i860 

Cromek, R. H. Editor of Scottish Ballads fl. 1811 

Cromer, Julius. II Croma. Italian Painter 1572?. 1632 

Cromer, Martin. Polish Historian 1512. . 1589 

Crompton, Samuel, of Bolton. Inventor of Spinning 

Mule. Life by G. J. French, 1859 1753. . 1827 

Crompton, William. Ejected Nonconformist Divine. ... — ..1696 
Cromwell, Henry, son oif Oliver. Lord-Lieut, of Ireland 1628. .1675 
Cromwell, Oliver. Protector. Life by James Heath, 
1663; Raguenet, 1691; Leti, 1692; Isaac Kimber, 
1725; J. Banks, 1739; F. Peck, 1740; Dr. Wm. Har- 
ris, 1766; Mark Noble, 1791; Bishop Russell; Oli- 
ver Cromwell, 1822; Villemain; Southev; Philarete 
Chasles, 1847; F. P. G. Guizot, 1854; Hazlitt, 1857; 
Sawford; Wilson; Thomas Carlyle ; Merle D'Aubigne" 1599. .1658 

Cromwell, Richard, son 1626. .1712 

Cromwell, Thomas, Earl of Essex 1490'. 1540 

Cronegk, John Frederick, Baron de. German Poet 1731 . .1758 

Cronstedt, Axel Frederick. Swedish Mineralogist 1722. .1765 

Crook, or Croke, SifGeorge. Judge 1559. .1641 

Croone, William, m. d. Medical Writer — . . 1684 

Crosby, Brass. Lord Mavor. Popular Champion 1725 . .1793 

Cross, John. Painter, (ttichard 1. pardoning the Archer) — . .1861 
Cross, Louis. Painter — . .1724 



118 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Cross, or De la Crux, Michael. Artist fl.ti.Ch.I.& II. 

Crosse, Andrew. Experimenter on Electricity 1784. . 1855 

Crosswell, Harry, d.d. Amer. Journalist and Clergyman 1778. .1858 

Crosswell, William, d.d., son. Clergyman 1804. . 1851 

Crotch, Dr. William. Musical Composer 1775 . . 1847 

Crousaz, John Peter de. Swiss Divine and Philosopher. 1663. .1748 

Crowley, Robert. Divine and Poet — . . 1 588 

Crowne, John. Dramatist — . .1703? 

Croxall, Dr. Samuel. Political Writer and Poet — . .1752 

Croze, Mathurin Veyssiere de la. French Orientalist 1661 . .1739 

Cruciger, Gaspar. Reformer 1504. .1548 

Cruciger, George. Philologist. (Harmonia Linguarum) 1575.. 1636 

Cruden, Alexander. ( Concordance) 1701 . .1770 

Cruickshank, Robert. Humorous Artist 1 791 '■ . 1856 

Cruick shank, William. Anatomist 1746. • 1800 

Cruquius, or De Crusques, of Ypres. Editor of Horace. . fl. 1578 
Crusius, Christian Augustus. Ger. Philosophical Writer. 1715. .1775 
Crusius, or Kraus, Martin. German Greek Scholar .... 1526. .1607 

Crux, Michael de la. See Cross fl.ti.Ch.I.& II. 

Cruyl, Levinus. Flemish Engraver 1640?. — 

Cruys, Cornelius. Russian Naval Officer 1657 . .1727 

Cruz Cano y Olmeida, Anthony de la. Span. Geogr.. . 1735 . .1794? 

Cruz, John Pantoja de la. Spanish Painter 1 545 . . 1610 

Cruz, Juana Inez de la. Mexican Poetess and Scholar . . 1651 . .1695 

Csangi, Laszlo. Hungarian Statesman 1790. . T849 

Csokonai, Mihaly Vitez. Hungarian Poet 1773- • 1805 

Csoma de Koros, Alex. Hung. Scholar and Traveler . 1791. .1842 

Ctesias. Greek Physician and Historian B.c.401-384 

Ctesibius, of Alexandria. Mechanical Inventor 250 b. c. 

Cubieres, Amedee Louis Despons. French General .... 1786. .1853 

Cubitt, Thomas. Builder 1788. .1855 

Cubitt, Sir William. Civil Engineer 1785 . . 1861 

Cudworth, Ralph, d. D. (Intellectual System.) L. by Birch 161 7. .1688 

Cuerenhert, Theodore van. Engraver 1522. .1590 

Cueva, Alonsus de la. Bedmar. Cardinal. Politician . 1572. .1655 

Cueva, John de la. Spanish Poet. (Art of Poetry) fl. 1582 

Cuffe, Henry. Wit & Schol. Gr. Prof, at Oxf. Hanged 1560?. 1601 
Cujacius, or Cujas, James. French Jurist. L. by Berriot 1520. .1590 

Cullen, William. Scottish Medical Writer 1 712. . 1790 

Cullum, Rev. Sir John. Antiquary 1 7^ - - 1785 

Culpeper, Sir Thomas. Writer on Usury 1636. .1706? 

Culpepper, Nicholas. Herbalist and Astrologer 1616. . 1654 

Culvert, George. Choctaw Chief and Warrior 1744. .1839 

Culy, David, of Guyhirn. Sectary and Author ... . — . . 1718 

Cumberland, Ernest Augustus, Duke of. Fifth son of 

George III. King of Hanover 1771 . . 1851 

Cumberland, Richard. Bishop of Peterborough. Phi- 
losopher and Philologist. Opponent of Hobbes 1632. .1718 

Cumberland, Richard, great-grandson. Dramatic and 

Miscellaneous Writer. Life by self - 1732. . 181 1 

Cumberland, William Augustus, Duke of. Son of 

George II. Commander. Life by Henderson, 1766.. 1721. .1765 
Cunseus, Peter. Lawyer and Antiquary. (Jus Regium 

Htbrceorum) 1586.. 1638 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 119 

BORN. DIED. 

Cunego, Domenico. Italian Engraver 1727. .1794 

Cunha, Barbosa, January da. Braz. Prel. and Statesman 1780. . 1846 
Cunha, Mattos, Raymond Jos. da. Brazilian General. . . 1776. .1840 
Cunha, Tristan da. Portuguese Naval Commander .... fl. 1 5th c. 

Cuningham, Edmund Francis. Scottish Painter 1742''. 1793 

Cuningham, William. Engraver and Phys. at Norwich 1520^. 1577 

Cunio, Daniel. Milanese Painter fl. 16th c. 

Cunio, Ridolfo. Milanese Painter fl. 1650'' 

Cunitia, Maria. Silesian Scholar. ( Urania Propitia) . . — . . 1664 

Cunningham, Alexander. Scottish Historian 1654. .1737 

Cunningham, Allan. Poet, Novelist, and Misc. Writer. 1785.. 1842 

Cunningham, John. Irish Poet and Actor 1 729 . . 1 773 

Cunningham, Rev. John Wm. Poet & Div. of Harrow . 1780?. 1 861 
Cunningham, Rev. Wm., d.d., of Edinburgh. Principal 1805 . . 1861 

Cupani, Francis. Sicilian Botanist*. 165 7.. 1 711 

Cuperus, Gisbert, of Deventer. Critic and Historian. . . . 1644. .1716 
Curaeus, Joachim. Ger. Physician. {Annals of Silesia). . 1532. .1573 
Curcelleeus, or Courcelles, Stephen. Arminian Divine.. 1586. .1658 

Cureton, Rev. William. Orientalist 1808 ? . 1864 

Curio, Caius Scribonius. Roman General and Statesman — B.C. 53 
Curio, C Scribonius, son. Roman Orator and Statesman — B.C. 46 
Curio, Caelius Secundus. Piedmontese Prot. Theologian. 1503. .1569 

Curita. See Zurita. Spanish Historian 15 12. .1581 

Curl, Edmund. London Bookseller — . . 1 748 

Curling, Captain Henry. Novelist — . . 1864 

Curradi, Cavalier Francis. Florentine Painter 1570 . . 1661 

Curran, John Philpot. Orator. Life bv O'Regan, 1818; 

W. H. Curran, 1819 ; A. Barrister, 1844; T.Davis, 1846 1750.. 1817 
Currie, James, m. d., of Liverpool. Physician and Writer. 

Life by W. W. Currie, 1831 1756. .1805 

Curson, or Corceone, Robert. English Cardinal at Paris — . .1218 

Curteis, Thomas. Divine and Poet 1690. .1747 

Curtis, William. Botanist 1746. .1770 

Curtius, Marcus. Roman Hero fl-4th c. b.c. 

Curtius, Rufus Quintus. (Hist, of Alexander the Great) .fl.ti. Vespasian? 

Curwen, John Christian, M. p. Agriculturist 1756. . 1828 

Cusa, Nicholas de. Cardinal. Theol. and Mathem 1401..1464 

Cushing, William. American Jurist I 733- • 1810 

Cushman, Robert. One of the Founders of Plymouth 

Colony 1580?. 1625 

Cuspinian, John. German Historian. Life by Gerbelius 1473. .1529 

Cusson, Peter. French Physician and Botanist i7 2 7- -1783 

Custine, Adam Philip, Count de. French General 1740. .1793 

Custis, Geo. Washington Parke. Amer. Auth. & Painter 1781 . . 1857 
Custos, Dominic, son of Peter. Engraver at Augsburg. . 1560. .1612 
Custos, Peter. Peter Ballhasar, or Balteus. Pa. at Antwerp fl. 1579 

Cuthbert. Archbishop of. Canterbury (741-58) — . . 758 

Cuthbert, St. Bp. Durh. L. by Allan, 1777; Eyre, 1849 — . . 686 

Cutler, Manasseh. Amer. Clergyman and Scientist 1744- .1823 

Cutler, Timothy, D.r/. Am. Schol.; Pres. of Yale College 1685. .1765 

Cutts, John, Lord. Soldier and Poet — . .1707 

Cuvier, Frederick. Naturalist 1 773- -1838 

Cuvier, George Christian Leopold Dagobert, Baron de., br. 

Naturalist. Life by Mrs. Lee, 1833 1769. . 1832 



120 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Cuviller, Francis. French Architect 1693 . . — 

Cuyp, or Kuyp, Albert. Dutch Painter 1606. . 1667 

Cuyp, or Kuyp, Jacob Gerritse, father. The Old. y Dutch 

Portrait Painter 1575 . . 1650 

Cyaxares. King of Media (b. c. 634-594) — B.c.594 

Cygne, Martin du. French Jesuit; Writer on Rhetoric. 1619. .1669 
Cyprian, St. Bishop of Carthage (248-58). Life by 

Pontius; A. S. Gervase v 200?. 258 

Cypriani, or Cipriani, John Bapt. Ital. Painter in Eng. . 1727. .1785 

Cypselus. Tyrant of Corinth (b. c. 655-625) — B.c.625 

Cyrano, Bergerac. French Writer 1620. . 1655 

Cyril, St. Bishop of Jerusalem (348-86) 315?. 386 

Cyril, St. Bishop of Alexandria (412-44) 376?. 444 

Cyrill Lucar. Patriarch of Constantinople 1572. . 1638? 

Cyrus. King of Persia (b. c. 559-529). The Elder. Life 

by Xenophon — B.c.529 

Cyrus. The Younger. Prince, in Xenophon's Anabasis — B.c.401 

Czacki, Thaddeus. Polish Statesman and Writer 1765 . . 181 3 

Czarniecki, or Czarnecki, Stephen. Polish General. . . . 1599. .1665 

Czartoryski, Prince Adam. Polish Revolutionist 177°. .1861 

Czerny, Charles. German Composer 1791 . . 1857 

Czerny, George. Leader of the Servians I 77o- • 1817 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 121 

D. 

BORN. DIED. 

Dac, or Dach, John. German Painter 1566. . 1650 

D'Achery, Luke. Benedictine. Life by Maugendre, 1776 1609. .1685 

Dacier, Andrew. Critic and Philologist 165 1 . .1722 

Dacier, Anne le Fevre, Madame, wife. Greek Scholar . . 1654. .1720 

Daddi, Bernard. Painter at Florence — . . 1 380 

Daddi, Cosimo. Painter at Florence — . . 1030 

Daeliker, John Rudolph. Prussian Painter in Switzerland 1694. .1769 

Daendels, Herman William. Dutch General 1762. .1818 

Daffy, Rev. Thomas. Inventor of Daffy's Elixir — . . 1680 

D'Agar, James. French Painter 1640. .1715 

Daggett, David, ll. d. American Jurist 1764. . 1851 

Daggett, Naphtali, d. d. American Divine 1727 . .1780 

D'Agincourt, John Baptist Louis Seroux. French Writer. 

(// Histuire de U Art) 1730. .1814 

Dagobert I. King of France (628-38) 602. . 638 

Dagobert II. The Young 652 . . 679 

Dagobert III 699.. 715 

Dagoumer, William. French Philosopher — •■ I 745 

Daguerre, Louis James Mande. Photographer 1789. .1851 

D'Aguesseau, Henry Francis. Chancellor of France. 
Life by his son, 1778; Charles Butler; Thomas, 1760; 
Bourlot de Vauxcelles, 1760; Morlhon, 1760; Boinvil- 

liers,1848; Boullee, 1849 1668.. 1751 

Dahl, John Chr. Chausen. Norwegian Landscape Painter 1788. .1857 

Dahl, Michael. Swedish Portrait Painter 1656. .1743 

Dahlberg, Eric. Swedish General. (Succia Antiqua) . . 1625. .1703 

Dablgren, Charles John. Swedish Poet 1791 . . 1844 

Dailli, John. Fr. Prot. Divine. (Be l' Usage des Peres) i594 ? . 1670 

Dakins, William. Translator of the Bible — . . 1607 

Dalayrac, Nich. Fr. Comp. (Les deux petits Savoyards) 1753. .1809 
Dalberg, Charles Theodore Anthony Maria. Grand-Duke 
of Frankfort, Archbishop of Ratisbon. Writer. Life by 

Zapf, 1810; Cramer 1744- -1817 

.1415 
.1514 
.1572 
.1824 
.1708 
.1806 
.1826 

•J739 
.1588 

•1783 



D'Albret, Charles. Constable of France ; fell at Agincourt — 

D'Albret, Charlotte, wife of Caesar Borgia. Poetess — 

D'Albret, Jane. Qu. of Navarre. L. by Vauvilliers, 1818 1528 
Dalby, Isaac. Mathematician. ( Course of Mathematics) 17 44 
Dale, or Dalen, Anthony van. Dutch Antiquary & Philos. 1638 
Dale, David, of New Lanark. Manufact. & Philanthropist 1738 

Dale, Richard. American Naval Officer 1756 

Dale, Samuel, M. d. Botanist and Antiquary 1659 

Dalechamp, James. French Physician and Botanist. ... 15 13 
D'Alembert, Jean le Rond. Math. L. by Condorcet, 1784 1717 
Dalen, Cornelius van, jr. Dutch Artist and Engraver . . . 1640 

Dalens, Dirk van. Painter of Amsterdam ^59 . . 1688 

Dalgarno, George, of Aberdeen. (Ars Signorum) i627?-i687 

Dalhousie, J as. Andrew Broun Ramsay, First Marquess 

of. Governor-General of India 1812. .i860 

D'Alibrai, Charles Vion. French Poet — . .1655 

Dalin, Olof von. Swedish Historian and Poet 1708 . . 1 763 



122 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Dallamano, Joseph. Italian Painter 1679. .1758 

Dallans, Ralph. Organ Builder — . . 1672 

Dallas, Alexander James. American Statesman 1759- .1817 

Dallas, Sir George. Chief Justice. Political Writer .... 1758. . 1833 

Dallas, George Mifflin. American Statesman 1793?. 1865 

Dallas, Sir Robert. Judge — . . 1824 

Dallas, Robert Charles. Novelist. {Recoil, of Lord Byron) 1754. .1824 

Dallaway, Rev. James. Antiquary 1763. . 1834 

Dallington, Sir Robert. Traveler. {Method of Travel) . — ..1637 
Dalmasio, Lippo. Lippo del Madonne. Italian Painter. . — ..1410 
Dalrymple, Alex. Hydrographer. Writer on India, &c. 1737. .1808 
Dalrymple, Sir David, Lord Hailes, Scottish Judge. 

{Annals of Scotland) 1726. .1792 

Dalrymple,Jas., 1st Vise. Stair, q. v. {Inst, of Law of Scot.) 1619. .1695 
Dalrymple, John, 2d E. Stair. Statesman and Diplom. 1673.. 1747 
Dalrymple, Sir John Scottish Baron of Exchequer. ( Me- 
moirs of Great Britain and Ireland) 1726. .1810 

Dalrymple, John. Surgeon and Oculist 1804. . 1852 

Dalton, John,D. d^ Prebend, of Worcester. Writer, Poet 1709. .1763 

Dalton, John, d. c. l. Natural Philosopher 1766. . 1844 

Dalton, Michael. Lawyer. {Justice of the Peace) 1554. .1620 

Dalzell, Andrew, m. a. Greek Professor at Edinburgh . . 1750?. 1806 

Damascenus, John. Christian Father — .. 750? 

Damascenus, Nicholas. Greek Historian fl. ab.13 b.c. 

Damascius, Philosopher 480?. . — 

Damasus I. Pope (366-84) 304. . 384 

Damasus H. Pope (1048) — . . 1048 

D'Amboise, Geo. Cardinal. Minister of Louis XII. L. by 

Sirmond, 1631; Michael Baudier, 1651 ; Le Gendre, 1721 1460. .1510 
Dambourney, Louis Augustus. Exper. Philos. of Rouen 1722. .1795 

Darner, Mrs. Anne Seymour. Sculptor 1748. . 1828 

Damiani, Peter. Cardinal Legate and Writer. Life by 

Le Grandi, 1702 988?. 1072 

Damiens, Robert Francis. Attempted to assass. Louis XV. 1714..1757 

Damin i , George. Painter — . . 1631 

Damini, Peter, brother. Italian Painter 1592. . 1631 

Damjanics, Janos. Hungarian General 1804 . . 1849 

Damm, Christian Tobias. Prot. Divine. ( Gr. Etym. Lex.) 1699?. 1778 

Damon, William. English Musical Composer ti. Eliz. 

Damours, Louis. French Jurist and Writer 1720?. 1788 

Dampe, Jacob Jacobson. Danish Philosopher 1790. • 1850 

Dampier, Captain William. Navigator 1652. .1712? 

Dampierre, John. Dampetrus. Fr. Jurist & Latin Poet — ..i55o ? 

Dana, Francis. American Jurist 1743- .1811 

Danby, Francis, r. a. Painter 1793. • l8 6i 

Danby, Henry Danvers, First Earl 1573. . 1644 

Danby, Sir Thomas Osborn, Earl of. Lord Treasurer ... — . .1712 

Danby, William. Writer on Moral Philosophy — . . 1833 

Dance, Charles. Comic Dramatist 1794?. 1863 

Dance, George. Architect. City Surveyor — . . 1 768 

Dance, George, son. Architect. City Surveyor 1740. .1825 

Dancer, Daniel. Miser * 1716. .1794 

Danchet, Anthony. French Poet 1671 . .1748 

Danckerts, Cornelius. Dutch Artist and Engraver 1561. .1620? 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 123 

BORN. DIED. 

Danckerts, Danckert, son. Dutch Artist and Engraver. 1600. . — 

Danckerts, Henry. Dutch Artist and Engraver — . . 1689? 

Danckerts, John. Dutch Artist and Engraver fl. 1654 

Daneourt, Florence Carton. French Dramatist 1661 . .1726 

Dandini, Caesar. Italian Painter 1595?. 1658 

Dandini, Hercules Francis. Italian Lawyer and Writer. . 1696?. 1747 
Dandini, Jerome. Ital. Jesuit. Commentator on Aristotle 1554. • 1634 

Dandini, Peter 1646. .1712 

Dandini, Vincent. Italian Painter 1608 . . 1675 

Dandolo, Andrew. Doge of Venice (1344-54) 1310?. 1354 

Dandolo, Henry. Blind Doge of Venice (1192-1205). ... 11 08. .1205 

Dandolo, Vincent. Italian Chemist 1758. . 1819 

D'Andrada, Anthony. Port. Jesuit Missionary. ( Thibet) 1 580? . 1634 
D'Andrada, Diego Payva. Apol. for Council of Trent. . 1528. .1575 
D'Andrada, Francis, br. (Hist, of John III. of Portugal) fl. 1600 
D'Andrada, Thos. Thomas of Jesus. ( Sufferings of Jesus) , — ..1582 
Dandre-Bardon, Michael Francis. Fr. Painter & Writer 1700. .1783 

Dane, Nathan. American Jurist and Statesman 1752. .1834 

Danedi, John Stephen. Painter 1608. . 1689 

Danedi, Joseph, brother. Italian Painter 1618. . 1688 

Danet, Peter. French Latinist — . .1709 

Dangeau, Louis de Courcillon, Abbe" de J 643« .1723 

Dangeau, Philip de Courcillon, Marquis de. Hist. Writer 1638. .1720 
Danhewer, John Conrad. Lutheran Theol. at Strasburg. 1603. .1666 
Danican, Francis Andrew. Philidor. French Musician 

• and Chess Player 1727 . .1795 

Daniel, Arnauld. Provencal Poet — . . 1 198 

Daniel, Gabriel. Fr. Jesuit Historian. {History of France.) 1649. .1728 

Daniel, George. Antiquary and Writer 1790?. 1864 

Daniel, Peter. French Scholar; friend of Buchanan .... 1530. .1603 
Daniel, Samuel. Eng. Poet and Hist. (History of England) 1562. .1619 

Daniel, Rev. William Barker. (Rural Sports) — . . 1833 

Danieli, Francis. Italian Medalist and Antiquary 1740. .1812 

Daniell, John Frederick, t>. c. l. Professor of Chemistry 1790. .1845 
Danieli, Sam. Artist. (African Scenery ; Scenery of Ceylon) — ..1811 
Daniell, Thomas. Landscape Painter and Engraver .... 1749. . 1840 
Danieli, Wm., R. A. Artist. (Zobgraphy; Oriental Scenery) 1769.. 1837 

Danneeker, John Henry. Sculptor 1758. .1841 

Dante degli Alighieri. Life by Boccaccio, 1544 ; Bruno 
Aretino, 1672; Chabanon, 1773 ; Fabroni, 1803; Balbo, 
1839; Artaud de Montor, 1841; Torri, 1843; Wegele, 

1852 ; Ve'ricour, 1 858 1265 . . 1 321 

Dante, Ignatius. Mathem. Writer on the Astrolabe.. 1537?. 1586 
Dante, John Baptist. Mathematician and Mechanician. . fl. 15th c. 
Dante, Peter Vincent. Poet, Mathematician, & Architect — . .1512 
Dante, Vincent, grandson. Paiuter, Sculptor, Mathemat. 1530. .1576 
D'Antine, Francis. French Benedictine. (V Artde Veri- 
fier les Dates) 1688. .1746 

Danton, George James. French Revolutionist 1 759 . . 1 794 

Dantz, John Andrew. Lutheran Div. and Orient, at Jena 1654. . 1 727 

Danvers, Henry, Earl of Danby 1573. . 1644 

D'Anville, John Baptist. Bourguignon. Geographer. 

Life by Barbie" du Bocage, 1802 1697. .1782 

Danzi, Francis. Musical Composer 1763. . 1826 



124 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Da Ponte, Lorenzo. Italian Poet. (Bon Juan) 1749- • 1837 

Dapper, Oliver. Dutch Geographer — . . 1690 

Daran, James. French Surgeon 1701 . .1784 

D'Arblay, Madame Frances, nee Burney. Novelist 1752. .1840 

Darby, Abraham. Iron Manufacturer — --1717 

Dare, or D' Arc, Jeanne. Maid of Orleans. L. by Lord Mahon 1412?. 1431 

Darcet, John. French Physician and Chemist 1725. .1801 

D'Arcq, Philip Augustus. " Chevalier. Historical Writer — • -1779 
D'Arcy, Patrick, Count. Irish Soldier, Engineer, Writer 1725. .1779 
Darden, Miles. Fat Man. (Height, 7 feet 6 inches; 

weight, 1000 pounds) 1798. .1857 

Dare, Virginia. First child of English Parents in America 1587. . — 

D'Argensola, Bartholomew. Poet and Historian 1566. .1631 

D'Argensola, Lupercio Leonardo, brother. Spanish Poet 1565 . . 161 3 

D'Argenson, Mark Rene. Statesman 1652.. 1721 

D'Argental, Charles Augustin Feriol, Count. Diplomatist 1700. .1788 
D'Argentre, Charles Duplessis. French Bishop. Scholar 1673. .1740 
D'Argenville, Anthony Joseph Desallier. Naturalist. . . 1680. .1765 

D'Argillate, Peter, of Bologna. Medical Writer. '. — . . 1423 

D'Argonne, Noel Bonaventure. (Melanges d'Histoire). . 1634.. 1704 
D'Argota, Jerome Contador. Portuguese Antiquary. .. . 1676.. 1749 
D' Argues, or Desargues, Gerard. French Mathematician 1593. 1662 
Darius I. Hystaspis. King of Persia (b. c. 521-485). . . — B.c.485 

Darius U. Nothus (b. c. 423-404) — B.c.404 

Darius III. Codomannus. (b. c. 336-330.) Defeated by 

Alexander 380 . 330 b.c. 

Darley, George. British Author 1785 . . 1849 

Darling, Grace, of Fern Islands. Heroine 1815 . . 1842 

D'Arnaud, George. French Critic 1711 . .1740 

D'Araex, or D'Arnay. Simon Augustus. Swiss Writer 1750.aft.1802 
Darnley, Henry, Earl of. Husband of Mary Qu. of Scots 1541 . .1567 

Darquier, Augustin. French Astronomer 1718. . 1802 

Dart, John. (Antiquities of Westminster Abbey) fl. 1727 

Darn, Peter Anthony Noel Bruno, Count. French Writer 1767. .1829 

Darwin, Charles. Medical Writer 1758.. 1778 

Darwin, Erasmus. Phys. & Po. L. by Anna Seward, 1804 1 731. .1802 

DashkofT, Ekaterina Romanova. Russian Princess 1744- .1810 

Dassier, Jacob Anthony, son of John. Medalist 1715 . .1759 

Dassier, John. French Medalist 1678. .1763 

Dassouei, Charles Coypeau. French Musician and Poet . i6o4 ? .i67y J 

Dati, Augustin, of Sienna. Writer 1420. 1478 

Dati, Charles, of Florence. Philologist 1619. . 1676 

D'Attaignant, Gabriel Charles. French Poet 1697. .1779 

Daub, Charles. German Theologian 1765 . . 1836 

Daubenton, Louis John Mary. Fr. Anat. and Naturalist 1716. .1800 
Daubenton, William. Confessor to Philip V. of Spain. . 1648. .1723 

D'Aubigne, Theodore Agrippa. Historian 1550. . 1630 

Daudin, Francis Mary. French Naturalist. (Reptiles). . 1774. .1804 

Daum, Christian. Classical Scholar at Zwickau 1612. . 1687 

Daun, Leopold Jos. Maria, Ct. of. Austrian Field Marsh. 1705. .1766 

Daundelyon, Marcellus. Abbot 1426. . — 

Daunois, M. C J. de Bernville, Ctss. Romancist & Trav. — . .1705 
Daunou, Peter Claude Francis. French Political Writer. 

Life by Taillandier, 1841 1761 . . 1840 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 125 



BORN 

Daurat, or Dorat, John. Auratus. French Poet 1507 

Daval, Peter. Mathematician, of London — 

Davanzati, Bernard. Florentine Writer 1529 

Davenant, Chas., ll,. d. Political and Commercial Writer 1656 
Davenant, John. Bishop of Salisbury. Life by Allport 1576 

Davenant, Sir William. Poet 1605 

Davenport, Christopher. English Franciscan Theologian 1598 

Davenport, John. Puritan Divine 1597 

David, Second King of Israel — b 

David, St. Archbishop. Patron Saint of Wales — 

David I. K.Scot. (1124-53). L. by Adam Scotus, 12th c. — 

David II. King of Scotland, son of Robert Bruce 1324 

David, Francis Anne. French Engraver 1741 

David, George. Fanatic, of Ghent 1501 

David, James Louis. French Painter 1748 

David, Peter John, of Angers. Sculptor 1789 

David ap Gwilym. Welsh Bard fl . 1 

David de Pomis. Jewish Physician and Lexicographer 1525 
David de St. George, John Joseph Alexis. Philologist. 1759 

Davidis, Francis. Hungarian Theologian 15 10 

Davids, Arthur Lumley. Orientalist — 

Davidson, John. Traveler; murdered — 

Davidson, Lucretia Maria. American Poetess. Life bv 

Miss Sedgwick, 1843. . 1808 

Davidson, Margaret Miller. Poetess. Life by Washing- 
ton Irving, 1842 1823 

Davidson, William. American Revolutionary General. . 1746 

Daviel, James. French Oculist 1696 

Davies, Rev. Hugh. Botanist 1739 

Davies, Sir John. Poet and Statesman. (Nosce teipsum.) 

Life by G. Chalmers; Tom Davies 1570 

Davies, John, d. d. Writer and Antiquary fl. ab 

Davies, Dr. John. Welsh Div. and Gram. {Brit. Diet.) — 

Davies, John. Translator 1625 

Davies, John. Critic 1679 



Davies, Miles. Welsh Clergyman. (Athence Britannicm) fl. ti. Geo. I 



Davies, Robert. Welsh Poet. Bard Nantglyn 1770 

Davies, Robert, of Llanerch. Antiquary 1684 

Davies, Samuel, d. d. American Divine 1724 

Davies, Rev. Sneyd. Archdeacon of Derby. Poet — 

Davies, Thomas. Publisher, Actor, Writer 1712 

Davies, Rev. Walter. Writer on Wales 1761 

Davila, Henry Catherine. ( Civil Wars in France) 1576 

Davila, John. Apostle of Andalusia 1500 

Davila, Peter Francis. Spanish Naturalist — 

Da Vinci, Leonardo. Painter. L. by J. W. Brown, 1828 1452 

Davis, Rev. Henry Edwards. Historical Writer 1756 

Davis, John. Navigator and Discoverer — 

Davis, John. American Jurist 1 761 

Davis, John. American Statesman 1787 

Davis, or Davies, John, of Hereford. Poet & Schoolmast. — 

Davis, J. P. Historical Painter 1 783 

Davis, Matthew L. American Writer 1766 

Davis, Thomas. Irish Poet. 1814 



763 
606 

7i4 

641 

668 

680 

670 

1015 

544 ? 

*53 

37i 

824 

556 
825 
856 
4th c. 
600 ? 
809 

579 

832 
836 

[825 

1S38 
1781 
[762 
[821 

1626 
[630 
1644 

'693 

1732 



[836 
[728 
[761 
[769 

l l 8 > 
[849 

1631 

[569 

[785 

[519? 

784 

1605? 

[847 

[8 54, 

1618? 

[862 

[850 

1845 



126 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED 

Davison, Jeremiah. Painter — . . 1 745 

Davison, Wm. Statesman. Life by Sir H. Nicolas, 1823 fl. ti. Eliz. 
Davoust, or Davout, Louis Nicholas. Duke of Auerstadt. 

Marshal of France i77°- • 1823 

D'Avrigny, Hyacinth Robillard. French Historian 1675 . .1719 

Davy, Sir Humphry. Natural Philosopher. Life by Ayr- 
ton, 1830; Dr. J. Davy, 1839 1778. .1829 

Davy, John. Musical Composer 1765 . . 1824 

Davys, George. Bishop* of Peterborough — . . 1864 

Dawe, George, R. a. Painter and Biographer 1775?. 1829 

Dawes, Manasseh. Writer on Law & Political Economy — . . 1829 
Dawes, Richard. Greek Critic. (Miscellanea Critica). . . 1708. .1766 
Dawes, SirWm. Abp. of York (1713-24). Preach. & Writ. 1671..1724 

Dawson, George. ( Origo Legum) — . .1700 

Day, John. Printer 1522.. 1584 

Day, John. Poet fl. ti. Jas. I. 

Day, Stephen. American Printer 161 1 . . 1668 

Day, Thomas. Poet and Writer. (Sandford and Merton.) 

Life by J. Blackman, 1862 1748.. 1789 

Dayton, Elias. American Revolutionary Officer 1737- .1807 

Dayton, William L. American Statesman 1807. . 1865 

Deageant de St. Marcellan, Guichard. French Writer — . .1639 

Deane, James. American Phvsician and Scientist 1801 . . 1858 

Deane, Silas. American Diplomatist. , — . .1789 

Dearborn, Henry. American General 1751- .1829 

De Bergh, Augustus. Scientific Writer — . . 1864 

De Bernard du Grail, Charles. French Novelist 1805 . . 1850 

Debrett, John. Bookseller. (DebretVs Peerage) 1 752?. 1822 

Debrowsky, Joseph. Bohemian Writer 1753 . . 1829 

De Bure, Francis. Booksell. at Paris. (Bibliog. Instruct.) 1731 . .1782 
De Bury, Richard. Bishop of Durham. See Angarville. 

Life by S. Gibson, 1850 1287?. 1345 

De Candolle, Augustin Pyramus. Botanist 1778. . 1841 

De Castro, Guillen. Spanish Dramatist ^S^- .1631 

De Castro, John. Portuguese General and Governor. 

Life by J. F. D'Andrada, 1786 1500. .1548 

Decatur, Stephen. American Naval Officer 1779- • 1820 

Decembrio, Pietro Candido. Milanese Statesm. & Writer 1399. . 1477 
Dechales, Millet Claude Francis. French Mathematician. 1621 . . 1678 

Deeio, Philip. Italian Lawyer I 454- • J 535 

Decius. Roman Emperor (249-51) 201.. 251 

Decker, Francis. Dutch Medical Writer fl. 1670? 

Decker, or Dekker, Jeremias de. Dutch Poet 1610. . 1666 

Decker, or Dekker, John. Dutch Chronol. and Historian 1550?. 1619 

Decker, Sir Matthew. Political Economist — --I749 

Decker, or Dekker, Thomas. Dramatist — ..1641? 

Dedekind, Frederick. German Writer 1550. . 1598 

De Dominis, Mark Anthony. Archbishop of Spoleto; 

Dean of Windsor. (De Repvblicd Ecclesiastica) 1556 . . 1624 

Dee, John. Mathematician and Astrologer 1527. . 1608 

Deering, J. P., m. p., e. a., (originally Gandy). Architect 1 780 . . 1850 

Defesch, William. German Violinist 1680 ? . aft. 175 7 

Deffand, Maria de Vichy Chamrond, Marchioness du. 

Life by Miss Berry, 1844 1697 . . 1780 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 127 

BORN. DIED 

De Foe, Daniel. (Robinson Crusoe.) L. by Geo. Chalmers ; 

Walter Wilson, 1830; J. Fo,-ster; W. Chadwick, 1859. . 1663?. 1731 
De Gerando, Joseph Mary, Baron. French Statesman. . 1772. .1842 

De Grey, Thomas Philip, Earl. Architect 1781 . . 1859 

De Guignes, Joseph. Historian and Orient. ( The Huns) 1721. .1800 

Deidier, Anthony. French Medical Writer — ..1746 

Dejaure, John Elias Bedenc. French Poet 1761 . .1799 

Dejoces. Founder of the Median Empire — b. 0.657? 

De Kalb, John, Baron, German General in America . . . 1732?. 1780 
Dekker. See Decker. 

De la Bech.e, Sir Henry Thomas. Geologist 1796. • 1855 

Delaborde, John Benjamin. French Musical Composer. . 1734- • *794 

Delacepede, Bernard G. S. L. French Naturalist 1756. .1825 

Delacour, James. Irish Poetical Writer 1709. .1781? 

Delacroix, Ferdinand Victor Eugene. French Painter. . 1798. .1863 
Delalande, Peter Anthony. Fr. Naturalist and Traveler . 1787 . . 1823 
Delambre, John Baptist Joseph. French Astronomer. . . 1749.. 1822 

Delamet, Adrian Augustin de Bussy. Casuist 1621 . . 1691 

Delandine, Anthony Francis. French Writer 1756. .1820 

Delane, William Aug. Fred. English Journalist 1793- -^Sy 

Delany, Mary. Life by self, and Lady Llanover, 1862 . . . 1 700 . . 1 788 

Delany, Patrick. Dean of Down. Divine 1 686 ? . 1768 

Delaroche, Hippolyte, or Paul. French Painter *797- -1856 

Delarue, Gervaise. Abbe. Antiquary 1751..1835 

Delaune, Thomas. (Plea for Nonconformists) ■ — . . 1685? 

Delauney, Count d'Antraigues. Political Agent 1756. .1812 

Delaval, Edward Hussey. Chemist and Nat. Philosopher 1729. .1814 

Delavigne, John Francis Casiniir-. French Poet 1793- • ^43 

Delessert, Benjamin. French Financier 1773- • ^47 

Deleyre, Alexander. French Writer 1726. .1797 

Delfau, Francis. French Monk and Writer 1637. .1676 

Delfico, Melchior. Neapolitan Writer I 744- • ^35 

DeLfl.no, John, of Aquileia. Italian Poet 1617. .1699 

Delft, van, or Delphus, Wm. James. Painter & Engraver 1619. .1661 

Debile, James French Poet. Translator of Virgil 1738.. 1813 

Deliniers, Jas. Anth. Mary. Viceroy of Buenos Ayres. . 1756. . 1810 

Delisle, Claude. Historian 1644.. 1720 

Delisle, John Baptist Isoard. De Sales. French Writer 1743. .1816 
Delisle, Jos. Nicholas. Astronomer. (Hist, of Astronomy) 1688.. '1768 
Delisle, Louis. Astronomer, Geographer, and Traveler. . — .-1741 

Delisle, William. Geographer. (Atlas) 1675. .1726 

Delius, Christopher Traugott. Mineralogist 1728. .1779 

Delia Maria, Dominic. Musical Composer 1768. . 1800 

Delmont, Deodato. Historical Painter 1581 . . 1634 

Delolme, John Louis. Polit.Writ. L. by J. Macgregor, m. p. 1740. .1806 

Delorme, Marion 1612' . 1650 

Delorme, Philibert. French Architect 1518..1577 

Delpini, Charles Anthony. Clown and Dramatic Writer — ..1828 

Delrio, John. Dean of Antwerp. (Ps. CXIX.) — . . 1624 

Delrio, Martin Anthony. Jesuit, Biblical Commentator. . 1551..1608 

Del Sarto, Andrea Vanucchi. Italian Painter 14S8. .1530 

Deluc, John Andrew. Genevese Naturalist i7 2 7- • 1817 

Demades. Athenian Orator and Statesman — B.c.318 

Demeste, John, m.d., of Liege *743- -*783 



128 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORV. DIED. 

Demetrius. Phalereus. Attic Orator 345 282? b.c. 

Demetrius. Czar of Russia. The False 1581 . . 1606 

Demetrius Nicator. 12th K. Syria (b.c. 146-2, 128-5) 165 -'.125 B.C. 
Demetrius Polioreetes. King Placed, (b.c. 294-287). .337.283 b. c. 
Demetrius Soter. Tenth King of Syria (B.C. 162-150) 187?. i5o?b.c. 

De Missy, Caesar. German Divine i7°3- • 1775 

Democedes. Greek Physician 550 B.C. .— 

Democritus. Laughing Philosopher 460 . 357 B.C. 

Demoivre, Abraham. Mathematician 166; . . 1 754 

Demosthenes. Athenian Orator 385 ? . 322 b.c. 

Demours, Peter. French Oculist 1 702 . . 1 795 

Demoustier, Charles Albert. French Dramatic "Writer. . 1760. .1801 
Dempster, Geo. Agriculturist and Miscellaneous Writer 1736. .1818 

Dempster, Thomas. Scottish Writer *579- .1625 

Dempster, Wm. Scottish Writ. (Eccles. Hist, of Scot.) 1490. .1557 
Denham, Dixon. Lieutenant-Colonel. African Traveler 1786. .1828 

Denham, Sir John. Poet 1615. .1668 

Denina, Mary James Charles. Italian Historian 1731 . .1813 

Denison, Joseph, m. p. Historical Writer and Poet — . .1806 

Denistoun, James. Historian and Biographer — . . 1855 

Denman, Thomas, M. d. Medical Writer *733- .1815 

Denman, Thomas, Lord. Chief Justice 1 779 . 1854 

Denne, John. Divine and Antiquary 1693. . 1767 

Denne, Samuel. Writer on History and Antiquities .... 1730. .1799 

Dernier, Balthazar. German Portrait Painter 1685 . . 1747* 

Dennie, Joseph. American Journalist and Author 1768. .1812 

Dennie, William Henry. Colonel; Indian Officer — ..1842 

Dennis, John. Poet, Critic, and Political Writer 1657. . 1734 

Denny, Sir Anthony. Favorite of Henry VIII — . .1550 

Denon, Dominique "Vivant, Baron de. Egyptian Traveler 1747. .1825 

Dens, Peter. Roman Catholic Theologian — . . 1690 

Dentatus, Marcus Curius. Roman Consul fl.3d c. B.C. 

Denton, John. Ejected Nonconformist Divine 1625 . .1708 

Denton, William, M. D. Political Writer 1605 . . 1691 

Dentrecolles, Francis Xavier. Jesuit Missionary to China 1664. .1741 
Denys, James. French Lithotomist and Accoucheur. ... fl. 1730 
Denys, James. Historical & Portrait Painter, of Antwerp 1645 . . — 
Denys, John Baptist. Fr. Physician ; Transfuser of Blood — . .1704 

Denys, St. Apostle of France fl. 3d c. 

D'llJon, Chevalier. Equerry to Louis XV., &c, &c 1728. .1810 

Deparcieux, Anthony. French Mathematician i7°3- .1768 

Depping, George Bernard. Writer at Paris 1784. . 1853 

De Quineey, Thomas. "Writer. Life by self, 1853 1785. . 1859 

Derbishire, Stewart. Journalist and "Writer — . . 1863 

Derby, George H. American "Writer and Soldier — . . 1861 

Derby, James Stanley, Earl of. Royalist. Beheaded . . . 1596. .1651 

Derfflinger, Geo. von. General 1606. . 1695 

Derham, William, d. d. Divine 1657.. 1735 

Dering, Edward. Puritan Divine — . .1576 

Dering, Sir Edward. Politician. 1598. .1644 

Dermody, Thomas. Poet. Life by J. G. Raymond, 1806 1775.. 1802 

Derrick, Samuel. Poet and Miscellaneous Writer !7 2 4« • I 769 

Derschawin, or Derzhavin, Gabriel Romanovitch. Russian 

Poet and Statesman 1743. .1816 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN 

Derwentwater, James Radcliffe, Third Earl of. Jacobite. 

Life by Sydney Gibson 1689 

Deryck, Peter Cornelius. Dutch Landscape Painter 1568 

Deryke, William. Historical Painter of Antwerp 1635 

Desaguliers, Rev. Dr. John Theoph. Experim. Philos. . . 1683 
Desaix de Veygoux, Louis Chas. Anthony. Fr. General 1768 

Desargues, Gerard. Mathematician 1593 

D6saugiers, Mark Anthony Madeleine. French Song- 
Writer and Dramatist 1772 

Desault, Peter. French Physician 1675 

Desault, Peter Joseph. Fr. "Surgical Writ. L. by Caillau 1 744 
Des Barreaux, James Valine, Lord. French Poet ; Writer 1602 
Des Barres, Jos. Fred. Wallet. Soldier and Hydrographer 1722 

Desbillons, Francis Joseph Terrasse. French Writer 171 1 

Desbois, Francis Alexander. Compiler of Dictionaries . . 1699 

Descartes, Rene. Philosopher. Life by Baillet 1596 

Desericius, or Deseritz, Joseph Innocent. Hung. Writer 1702 

Deseze, Raymond. French Magistrate 1750 

Desfontaines, Peter Francis Guyot. French Critic 1685 

Desfontaines, Rene" Louiche. French Naturalist 1751 

Desgodets, Anthony. French Architect 1653 

Deshays, J. Baptist Henry. French Painter 1 729 

Deshoulieres, Antoinette du Ligier. French Poetess 1634 

Deshoulieres, Antoinette Theresa, daughter. Poetess . . 1662 
Desmahis, Jos. Francis Edw. de Corsembleu. Fr. Poet 1 722 

Desmaizeaux, Peter. Biographer 1666 

Desmares, Mary. La Champmesle. French Actress . . . 1644 
Desmares, Toussaint. Jansenist. (Necrologe de P. Royal) 1599 
Desmarets, Francis Seraphin Regnier. Fr. Poet and Critic 1632 
Desmars, Nicholas. Physician and Naturalist of Boulogne — 

Desmolets, Peter Nicholas. French Writer 1678 

Desmoulins, Benoit Camille. French Revolutionist 1762 

Desnoyers, Aug. Gaspar Louis Boucher, Baron. French 

Engraver j jjg 

De Soto, Fernando. Discoverer of the Mississippi 1500 

D'Espagne, John. French Protestant Preacher in London 1 591 
Despard, Edward Marcus. Irish Officer and Conspirator 1755 
Despars, or De Partibus, James. French Medical Writer 1380 
Despautere, or Van Pauteren, John. Flemish Grammarian 1460 

Despencer, Hugh le. Favorite of Edward II — 

Despencer, Hugh le, son. Favorite of Edward II — 

Despierres, John. Mathematician, Mechan., Commentator 1597 

Desplaces, Louis. French Engraver 1682 

Desportes, Claude Francis. Painter 1696 

Desportes, Francis. French Painter 1661 

Desportes, John Baptist. French Phys. at St. Domingo 1 704 
Despretz, Caesar Mansuete. French Savant and Author 1789 

Dessaix, Jos. Mary. French General 1 764 

Dessalines, John Jas. Negro Emperor of Hayti (1804-6) 1760 

Dessenius, Bernard. Dutch Medical Writer 1510 

Dessolles, John Jos. Paul Augustin, Marquis. French 

General and Statesman 1 767 

Destouches, Philip Hericault. French Dramatic Writer 1680 

D'Estrees, Gabrielle. Mistress of Henry IV 1 «7i 

9 



129 

DIED. 



130 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED 

Destutt de Tracy, Anth. Louis Claude. Fr. Philosopher 1754. .1836 

Detharding, George. German Medical Writer — aft. 1696 

De Tott, Francis, Baron. French Negotiator J 733- • I 793 

Deusdedit. Archbishop of Canterbury (655-64) — . . 664 

Deusdedit I. Pope (615-18) — . . 618 

Deusdedit II. (672-76) — . . 676 

Devising, Anthony. Flemish Medical Writer 1612 . . 1666 

Deutsch, Nicholas Manuel. Swiss Painter 1484. .1530 

Devaux, John. French Surgical Writer 1610. .1695 

Devaux, John, son. Surgeon. Transl. of Medical Works 1649. .1729 

Deventer, Henry. Dutch Accoucheur — . . 1739 

De Vere, Sir Aubrey. Dramatic Poet — . 

De Vere, Edward. Seventeenth Earl of Oxford. Poet . . 1540? 
Devereux, Robert, 2d Earl of Essex. Beheaded by Eliz. 1567. 
Devereux, Robert, Third Earl of Essex. Parliam. General 1592. 

Devereux, Walter, First Earl of Essex !54° ? 

De Vigny, Alfred, Count. French Poet and Novelist . . . 1799. . 

Devis, Arthur William. Painter 1762. . 

Devonshire, Georgiana Cavendish, Duchess of. Poetess 

and Beauty 1757. . 

D'Ewes, Sir Symonds. Hist, and Antiq. (Pari. Journal) 1602. . 
De Wette, Wm. Martin Leberecht. German Theologian 

and Biblical Critic 1780. . 

De Wint, Peter. English Artist 1783. . 

De "Winter, John William. Dutch Admiral 1750. . 

De "Witt, James. Painter 1695 . . 

De "Witt, John. Grand Pensionary. See Witt 1625 . . 

Dexter, Samuel. American Statesman and Jurist 1761 . . 

Deynum, John Baptist van. Dutch Painter 1620. . 

Deyster, Anna. Painter 1696? . 

Deyster, Louis. Flemish Historical Painter 1656. . 

Dezallier d'Argenville, Anthony Joseph. Conchologist 1680. . 

D'Herbelot, Bartholomew. Orientalist 1625 . . 

D'Hilliers, Louis Baraguay. French General 1764. . 

D'Hozier, Peter. French Genealogist !59 2 - • 

Diagoras. Greek Poet and Philosopher fl. b.c. 

Diana of Poitiers. Mistress of Henry II. of France .... 1499. . 

Dias, Bartholomew. Navigator — 

Diaz, Michael. Aragonese Explorer — ab. 

Diaz del Castillo, Bernal. Span. Advent. & Chronicler fl. 1 
Dibdin, Charles. Naval Song- Writer. Life by T. Dibdin 1745. 

Dibctin, Thomas, son. Dramatist and Song-Writer 1771 . 

Dibdin, Rev. Thomas Frognall,D.D. Miscellaneous Writer 1770. 

Dieeto, Ralph de. Historian — . 

Dick, Dr. Thomas. Writer on Natural Philosophy 1772. 

Dickenson, Edm. Physician, Chemist, and Orientalist. 

(Delphi Phcenicizantes.) Life by Blomberg, 1739 .... 1624. 
Dickenson, Philemon. American Revolutionary Officer. — . 

Dickinson, Grace. Poet. ( Songs in the Night) — . 

Dickinson, John. American Political Writer I73 2 - 

Dickinson, Jonathan. American Divine and Educator. . 1688. 

Dickons, Mrs. Vocalist 1 775 ? 

Dickson, David. Scottish Divine and Commentator 1583? 

Dickson, James. Scottish Botanist 1738- 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 131 

BORN. DIED. 

Dicquemare, Jos. Francis. Fr. Naturalist and Astron. . 1733. .1789 

Diderot, Denis. French Writer ^7 I 3- -1784 

Didius. Roman Emperor (193) i33 ? - *93 

Didot, Firmin. Printer and Writer 1764. . 1836 

Didot, Francis Ambrose. French Printer 173°- .1804 

Diebitsch, John Chas. Fred. Anthony, Count. Russian 

Field Marshal 1 785 . . 1831 

Diecman, John, of Stade. Theologian & Metaphysician 1647''. 1720 

Dieffenbach, John Frederick. Surgical Operator 1795 • - l &47 

Diemen, Anthony van. Dutch Governor in India I 593- • ^45 

Diemerbroeck, Isbrand van. Dutch Medical Writer . . . 1609. . 1674 

Diepenbeck, Abraham van. Dutch Painter 1607-'' . 1675 

Dies, Albert. German Painter and Engraver 1755 • • x ^ 22 

Dieskau, Louis Aug. German General 1 701.. 1767 

Diest, Adrian van. Dutch Painter and Engraver 1655 . .1704 

Dietrich, Christian William Ernest. German Painter. . . 1712. .1774 
Dietrich, John Conrad. German Scholar and Antiquary 1612. . 1669 
Dietrich, Philip Frederick, Baron de. Fr. Mineralogist. 1748. .1793 

Dieu, Louis de. Dutch Protestant Divine I 59°- • *64 2 

Diez, John Martin. Spanish Guerrilla. The Empecinado 1775 . . 1825 

Digby, Sir Everard, of the Gunpowder Plot 1581 . . 1606 

Digby, George, Second Earl of Bristol. Publicist 1612. . 1676 

Digby, John. First Earl of Bristol 1580.. 1653 

Digby, Sir Kenelm. Writ. L.by self & Sir N. H. Nicolas. 1603. . 1665 

Digges, Sir Dudley. Politician and Writer 1583. . 1639 

Digges, Leonard. Geometrician and Meteorologist — . .1573? 

Digges, Thomas, son. Astronomer and Mathematician. . — . .1595 

Dilke, Charles Wentworth. Editor of Athenceum 1810. . 1864 

Dillenius, John James. Botanist 1687. .1747 

Dillon, Wentworth, Earl of Roscommon. Poet 1633?. 1684 

Dilworth, Thomas. Writer of School-Books — . .1780 

Dimsdale, Thomas, Baron, tfi.. d. Inoculator 1712. . 1800 

Dinarchus. Attic Orator 361 ? B.C. aft.292 

Dingley, Robert. Puritan Divine 1619. . 1659 

Dinocrates. Macedonian Architect fl. ti. Alex. 

Dinoth, Richard, of Coutances. {De Bello Chili Gallico). — ..1590? 
Dinouart, Anthony Joseph Toussaint. Writer at Paris. . 1715 . .1786 
Dinwiddle, Robert. Lieutenant-Governor of Virginia. . . . 1690?. 1770 

Diocletian. Emperor (284-305) 245 . . 313 

Diodati, John. Divine ; Translator of Bible 1 5 76 . . 1649 

Diodorus Siculus. Historian fl.ti. Augustus. 

Diogenes. Cynic Philosopher 412? B.C. 323 

Diogenes of Apollonia. Greek Philosopher fl.jth c. b.c. 

Diogenes Laertius. ( Lives of the Philosophers) fl.2d c. ? a.d. 

Dion, of Syracuse. Patriot — B.c.353 

Dion Cassius. Historian 155? aft. 229 

Dion Chrysostom. Rhetorician and Sophist — .. 117? 

Dionis, Peter. French Surgeon and Anatomist — . .171S 

Dionysius. Bishop of Rome (259-269) — . . 269 

Dionysius. Tyrant of Syracuse (405-367). The Elder. 430? B.C. 367 
Dionysius, son. Tyrant of Syracuse (367-343). The 

Younger 397 ? B.c.aft.343 

Dionysius. Bishop of Alexandria (247-265) — ..265 

Dionysius. Periegetes. Geographer fl. a.d. 300? 



132 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Dionysius Exiguus. Roman Monk — .. 540 

Dionysius of Halicarnassus. Historian bef.A.D.18 

Diophantus. Greek Algebraist of Alexandria fl.5th c. ? a.d. 

Dioscorides, Pedanius. Gr. Phys. & Botanist of Cilicia. . fl.2d c. ? a.d. 
Dippel, John Conrad. German Physician and Alchemist 1672. .1734 
Dirois, Francis. Doctor of Sorbonne. (PreuvesetPrejuges) 1620.. 1690 

Disney, Rev. John. Divine and Magistrate 1677. ■T-T'S 

Disraeli, Isaac. ( Curiosities of Literature) 1 767 . . 1848 

Dissen, George. Ludolph. German Scholar 1784. . 1837 

Dithmar, Justus Christopher. Writ, on German History 1677. .1737 

Ditmar, Bishop of Mersburgh. Historian 976. . 102S 

Ditters, Charles. German Musician 1 739 . . 1 799 

Ditton, Humphrey. Mathematician 1675. .1715 

Divini, Eustachius. Italian Telescope Maker i62o<\ 1664? 

Dixon, George. Navigator — . . i8oo ? 

Dixwell, Col. John. Regicide Judge 1608. .1689 

Dlugoss, John. Polish Archbishop. {History of Poland) 1415. .1480 

DmitriefF, Ivan Ivanovitch. Russian Poet 1760. . 1837 

Doane, Geo. Washington, d.d. Amer. Divine and Writer 1799. .1859 

Dobree, Peter Paul. Classical Scholar 1782. . 1825 

Dobrentey, Gabor, or Gabriel. Hungarian Antiquary. . . 1786.. 1851 
Dobrizhoffer, Martin. Jesuit Missionary in S. America 1717. .1791 

Dobrovsky, Joseph. Bohemian Writer 1753. . 1829 

Dobson, William. Painter 1610. .1647 

Doca, Frederick M. ( Triglotl Grammar) 1794?. 1864 

Dod, Albert Baldwin, d. d. American Scholar 1805 . . 1845 

Dod, Charles Roger. Peerage Compiler 1793- • ^55 

Dod, Juhn. Decalogist. Puritan Divine J547- • 1645 

Dodart, Denis. French Physician and Botanist ^34 • 'i7°7 

Dodd, Charles. Rom. Cath. Hist. ( Ch. Hist, of Eng.). . — . .1745? 

Dodd, Ralph. Civil Engineer 1761 . . 1822 

Dodd, Thomas. ( Connoisseur's Repertory) — . . 1850 

Dodd, Rev. William, d. d. Executed. L. by Reed, 1777 1729. .1777 

Doddridge, Sir John. Lawyer and Writer 1555 . . 1628 

Doddridge, Philip- Dissenting Divine. LifebyOrton. . 1702. .1751 
Doddridge, Philip. American Lawyer and Politician. . . 1772. .1832 

Doderlein, Louis. Professor at Tubingen 1791 ? . 1863 

Dodington, George Bubb, Lord Melcombe. Politician. . 1691. .1762 

Dodoens, or Dodonaeus, Rembert. Dutch Botanist 1518. .1585 

Dodsley, Robert. Poet and Writer 1703 . .1764 

Dodson, Michael. Lawyer and Biblical Writer J 73 2- • x 799 

Dodsworth, Roger. Antiquary and Topographer 1585. .1654 

Dodvens, or Doudyns, William. Dutch Historical Painter 1630. . 1697 
Dodwell, Edward. ( Classical Tour through Greece) .... 1767. .1832 
Dodwell, Henry. Theologian. Life by Brokesby, 1715 164 1. .1711 

Dodwell, William. Divine 1709. .1785 

Doederlein, John Christopher, of Jena. Theologian 1748.. 1792 

Does, Jacob van der, The Old. Dutch Paint, and Engrav. 1623. .1673 
Does, Jacob van der, The Young, son. Dutch. Painter. . . 1654. .1693 

Does, Simon van der, brother. Dutch Painter ^53 • -1717 

Doggett, Thomas. Author and Actor — . .1721 

Doissin, Louis. Latin Poet 1721..1753 

Dolabella, Publius Cornelius. Son-in-law of Cicero. ... — B.c.43 
Dolben, John. Archbishop of York 1625 . . 1686 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 133 

BORN. DIED. 

Dolce, or Dolci, Carlo. Tuscan Painter 1616. . 1686 

Dolce, Louis. Italian Writer 1508.. 1568 

Dole, or Dolseus, John. German Medical Writer 1651..1712 

Dolet, Stephen. French Jurist 1509. .1546 

Dollinger, Ignatius. German Physiologist *77°- .1841 

Dollond, George. Optician *774« • 1852 

Dollond, John. Optician. L. by Rev. John Kelly, ix. D. 1706. . 1761 
Dolomieu, D^odat Guy Silvain Tancred Gratet de. 

French Geologist I 75°- .1801 

Domat, or Daumat, John. French Jurist 1625 . . 1696 

Dombey, Joseph. French Botanist and Traveler I74 2 - • *79 6 

Dombrowski, John Henry. Polish General 1755 • • I ^i8 

Domenichi, Louis. Italian Writer and Translator 1500?. 1564 

Domenichino. Dominic Zampieri. Painter 1581..1641 

Dominic de Guzman, St. Founder of Dominicans and 

Inquisitor. L. by John Anthony Flaminio ; Malvenda 1170. . 1221 
Dominis, Mark Anthony de. Abp. of Spalatro ; Dean of 

Windsor. {De Republ. Ecclesiast. ; DeRadiis Visus) .. 1566.. 1624 

Domitian. Roman Emperor (81-96) 52 . . 96 

Domna, Julia. Empress; wife of Septimius Severus. . . . 158?. 217 

Don, David. Scottish Botanist 1800. . 1840 

Donaldson, John William, d. d. Philologist 1812. . 1861 

Donatello. Donate > di Belto di Bardi. Florentine Sculp. 1383. .1466 
Donati, Vitalian. {Natural History of Adriatic Sea). .. . 1713..1763 

Donate See Donatello. Architect and Sculptor *3&3- .1466 

Donato, Alex. Jesuit at Sienna. {Roma Vetus et Recens) 1584. . 1640 

Donato, Bernardino. Translator — . . 1550 

Donato, Jerome. Statesman and Writer 1454?. 15 13 

Donato, Marcellus. Italian Count. {Scholia) fl. 1607 

Donatus. Bishop of Casa Nigra. Founder of Donatists fl. 212 

Donatus, iElius. Grammarian at Rome fl. 356 

Doncker, or Donkers, Peter. Painter, of Gouda 1612. . 1668 

Dondis, James de. Aggregator. Med. Writ. & Mathemat. 1298. . 1359 

Donducci, John Andrew. 11 Mastelleta. Painter 1575 . . 1655 

Doneau, or Donellus, Hugh. {De Jure Civili) 1527 . .1591 

Donelli, Sir Ross. Admiral — . . 1841 

Doni, Anthony Francis. Italian Musician and Poet I5i3 ? - *574 

Doni, John Baptist. Florentine Musical Writer J 593- • ^47 

Doni d'Attichi, Louis. Florentine Writer in France. . . . 1596. . 1664 

Donizetti, Gaetano. Musical Composer 1798 . .1848 

Donne, Benjamin. Mathematician i7 2 9- • ' l 79% 

Donne, John, d. d. Divine and Poet. Life by I. Walton, 

1640; H. Alford, 1839 1573.. 1631 

Donoso Cortes, John Francis Maria de la Salud. Span- 
ish Statesman 1809. . 1853 

Donovan, Edward. Naturalist 1798. . 1837 

Doolittle, Thomas. Nonconformist Divine 1630. .1707 

Doppelmaier, John Gabriel, of Nuremberg. Mathemat. 1671 . .1750 
Doppet, Francis Amadeus. French Writer and General 1753. .1800* 

Dorat, Claude Joseph. French Poet 1734- • 1 780 

Dorat, or Daurat, John. French Poet 1507?. 1588 

Dorbay, Francis. French Architect — • . . 1697 

Dorchester, Carleton Dudley, Viscount. Statesman 1573. . 1632 

Dorchester, Catherine Sedley, Countess of — . . 1692 



134 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 



BORN. DIED. 



Dore, Peter. French Theologian .1500? 

Doria, Andrew. Genoese Admiral. Life by Richer 1468. 

Dorigny, Louis. Historical Painter I &54- 

Dorigny, Michael. French Painter and Engraver 161 7. 

Dorigny, Sir Nicholas. Engraver 1657 . 

Dorink, or During, Matthias. German Theologian. 

( Chronicles of Nuremberg ?) 1415 ? 

Dorislaus, Isaac. Dutch Civil, and Repub. in England — . 

D'Orleans, Louis. French Poefand Jurist I 54 2 - 

D'Orleans, Peter Joseph. Jesuit Historian 1644. 

Dormans, John de. French Cardinal; Founder — . 

Dornavius, Caspar. Physician and Humorous Writer. . 1577. 

Dorr, Thomas \\ ilson. American Politician 1805 . 

D'Orsay, Count Alfred. Artist and Author I79&- 

Dorsch, Everard. Engraver on Gems 1649. 

Dorsch, John Christopher, son. Portrait Engrav. on Gems 1676. 
Dorset, Ann Clift'ord, Countess of. Auth. and Benefactor 1589. 

Dorset, Charles Sackville, Earl of. Wit and Poet i&37- 

Dorset, Edward Sackville, 4th Earl of, k. g. Royalist . . 1590. 
Dorset, Thos. Sackville, Earl of. Statesman and Author 1527. 

Dorsey, John Syng. American Physician 1783. 

D'Orville, James Philip. Critic and Classical Editor. . . . 1696. 

D'Ossat, Arnaud. Cardinal. French Statesman 1536. 

Dossi, Dosso. Historical Painter — . 

Dost-Mohammed. Emir of Cabul 1785? 

Douaren, or Duaren, Francis. French Civilian J 5°9- 

Doubleday, Edward. Naturalist 1810. 

Douce, Francis. Antiquary. Benefactor of Oxford Univ. 1762. 
Doucin, Louis. French Jesuit. {Hist, of NestoHanism) 1652. 
Doudyns, or Dodvens, William. Dutch Historical Paint. 1630. 

DoufTet, or Duffeit, Gerard. Painter, of Liege *594- 

Dougados, John Francis. Father Venance. Polit. & Poet 1 763 . 

Doughty, Thos. American Landscape Painter I 793- 

Douglas, Archib., 4th Earl of. Tineman. Fell at Verneuil — . 
Douglas, Archibald. Great Earl of Angus. Bell-the-Cat — . 

Douglas, David. Botanic Traveler 1798. 

Douglas, Gawin, or Gavin. Bishop of Dunkeld. Poet. 

Life by Sage I474 ! 

Douglas, "General Sir Howard. L. by S. W. Fullom,1863 1776 
Douglas, Sir Jas. TheJJood Sir James. Friend of Bruce — 

Douglas, James, 2d Earl of. Slain at Otterburn — 

Douglas, James, 9th and last Earl of. Died at Lindores — 
Douglas, James, Earl of Morton. Regent. Beheaded . . 1530 

Douglas, James, m. d. Anatomist 1675 

Douglas, James, Earl of Morton and Aberdeen. Astron. 1707 

Douglas, John, Bishop of Salisbury. ( Criterion) 1721 

Douglas, Stephen Arnold. American Statesman 181 3 

Douglas, Sylvester, Lord Glenbervie. Politician 1743 

Douglas, Wm., Knt. of Liddesdale ; taken at Nevil's Cross — 

Douglas, William, 1st Earl of. Fought at Poictiers — 

Douglas, William, Lord of Nithsdale. Black Douglas. . . — 
Douglas, William. The Bardy. Defender of Berwick. . — 
Douglas, William, 6th Earl of. Slain at royal banquet. . — 
Douglas, William, 8th Earl of. Assassinated by James H. — 



559 
560 
742 
665 
746 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 



135 



Douglass, David Bates, ll,. d. American Engineer'. . . . 1790 
Dousa, Janus. Dutch Sch., Sold., & Poet. (Ann. of Holland) 1545 
Dousa, Janus, son. Poet, Critic, Philosopher, and Math. 1571 

Douven, John Francis. Dutch Painter 1656 

Douville, John Baptist. French Traveler and Naturalist — 
Douvre, Thomas de, of Bayeux. Archbishop of York. . 1027 

Douvre, Thomas de, nephew. Archbishop of York — 

Douw, or Dow, Gerhard. Dutch Painter 1613 

Dove, Nathaniel. Penman. ( The Progress of Time). . . . 1710 
Dover, G. J. W. Agar Ellis, Lord. Historical Writer. . . 1797 
Dow, Alex., Lieut-Col. Pers. Schol. (Hist, of Indostan) — 
Dow, Lorenzo. Eccentric American Methodist Preacher 1777 

Dowland, John. Musician 1562 

Dowries, John. American Naval Officer 1786 

Downham, George. Bp. of Deny. (Christian Warfare) — 
Downing, Andrew Jackson. Amer. Landscape Gardener 181 5 

Downing, Calybute. Political Divine , 1606 

Downman, Rev. Hugh. Physician and Poet 1740 

Dowse, Thomas. American Book-Collector 1772 

Doyen, Gabriel Francis. French Painter 1726 

Doyle, Sir Charles William. Military Officer — 

Doyle, Jas. Irish R. C. Bishop. L. by W. J. Fitzpatrick 1786 

Doyle, Sir John. Military Officer -. 1756 

D'Oyly, George, d. d. Biblical Commentator — 

Drabicius, Nicholas. Moravian Visionary 1587 

Draco. Athenian Lawgiver rl. b.c 

Draconites, John. Lutheran Divine and Commentator 1494 

Dragut. Barbary Corsair — 

Drake, Daniel. American Physician 1 785 

Drake, Sir Francis. Adm. L. by John Barrow, jr., 1813 1545 
Drake, Francis. Surg, and Antiq. at York. (Eburacum) — 
Drake, James. Phys. and Pout. Writ. Transl. Herodotus 1667 
Drake, Joseph Rodman. American Physician and Poet 1795 

Drake, Dr. Nathan. Physician and Writer 1766 

Drakenberg, Christian Jacobsen. Norwegian Centenarian 1624 

Drakenborch, Arnold. Classical Editor 1684 

Dran, Henry Francis le. French Surgical Operator 1685 

Drant, Rev. Thos. Archd. of Lewes. Divine and Poet — 
Draparnaud, Jas. Philip Raymond. Fr. Phys. and Natur. 1772 
Draper, Sir W., k. b., Lieut-Gen. Controversial Writer 1721 

Drayton, Michael. Poet. (Polyolbion) 1563 

Drayton, William Heniy. American Political Writer . . . 1742 
Drebbel, Cornelius van. Dutch Chemist and Nat. Phil. 1572 

Drelincourt, Charles. French Protestant Divine 1595 

Drelincourt, Charles, son. French Medical Writer 1633 

Drelincourt, Lawrence. Preacher and Poet 1626 

Dresser, Matthew. German Scholar 1536 

Dreux de Radier, John Francis. Historical Writer .... 1714 

Drevet, Peter. Engraver at Paris 1664 

Drevet, Peter, son. Engraver 1697 

Drew, Samuel. Methodist Divine & Metaphysical Writer. 

Life by his son, J. H. Drew, 1834 1765 

Drexelius, Jeremiah. Jesuit, of Augsburg; Writer 1581 

Driedo, John. Theologian, of Louvain — 



136 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. WED. 

Drinker, Edward. American Centenarian 1680 . .1782 

Drinkwater Bethune, John. Colonel. {Siege of Gibraltar) 1762?. 1844 
Drollinger, Charles Frederick. Ger. Poet and Scholar. . 1688. .1742 
Droste-Hulshoff, Annette Elizabeth. German Lyric Poet 1798. .1848 

Drouais, Hubert. French Painter 1699. . 1767 

Drouet, J. Baptist. French Revolutionist 1763. . 1824 

Drouet, Stephen Francis. French Writer 171 5 . .1779 

Drouet d'Erlon, J. Baptist. Marshal of France. L. by self 1765 . . 1844 
Drouot, Anthony, Count. General; friend of Napoleon. . 1774.. 1847 

Droz, Henry Louis Jacquet. Swiss Mechanician 1752. .1791 

Droz, Francis Xavier Joseph. French Writer 1773- • 1850 

Druey, Charles. Swiss Statesman 1799- -1855 

Drummond, Geo., of Edinb. Magistrate and Benefactor. 1687.. 1766 

Drummond, Robert Hay. Archbishop of York 1711 . .1776 

Drummond, Captain Thomas. Statesman & Philosopher. 

Inventor of Drummond Light 1797 . . 1840 

Drummond, William, of Hawthornden. Poet. Life by 

P. Cunningham, 1823 1585 . . 1649 

Drummond, Sir Wm. Antiquary, Statesman, and Author i76o ? 1828 

Drury, Dru. Naturalist — . . 1804 

Drury, Rev. Joseph. Master of Harrow School 1750- • 1834 

Drury, Robert. Seaman. Writer on Madagascar 1687. .1735' 

Drusius, John. French Protestant Theologian 1550. . 1616 

Drusus, M. Livius. Trib. Plebis b. c. 91. Assassinated. — b. c. 91 
Drusus, Nero Claudius. Germanicus. Br. of Emp. Tiberius 38 B.C. 9 
Drusus, son of Germanicus Caesar. Starved by Tiberius — A. D. 33 

Drusus Caesar, son of Tiberius. Poisoned B.C.13.A.D.23 

Druthmar, Christian. Monk of Corby. Commentator fl.ab.86o a.d. 
Dry ander, John. German Mathematician and Anatomist — ..1560 

Dryander, Jonas. Swedish Naturalist 1748 . . 1810 

Dryden, John. Poet. Life by Sir Walter Scott ; Malone, 

1800 ; R. Hooper 1631 . . 1701 

Drysdale, Rev. John, d. d. Scottish Div. Life by Dalzel 1718. .1788 

Duane, William. American Politician 1760. . 1835 

Duaren, or Douaren, Francis. Durenius. French Civilian 1509. .1559 
Dubarry, Marie Jeanne, Countess. Favorite of Louis XV. 1746. .1793 
Dubartas, William de Sallust. Poet, Warrior, Statesman 1544. .1590 

Dubellay, Joachim. French Poet 1524?. 1560 

Dubellay, John. Cardinal Archbishop J 49 2 - • 1560 

Dubellay, Martin. Prince of Yvetot. General. Negotiator, 

and Writer. ( Memoirs) — . . 1559 

Dubellay, Wm. Ld. of Langey. Gen., Negot., and Writer 1491 . . 1543 
Dubelloy, Peter Lawrence Buyrette. Dramatic Writer. 

(Siegeof Calais.) Life by Gaillard 1727. .1775 

Dubocage, Marie Anne le Page. French Poet 1710. . 1802 

Dubofe, Claude Mary. French Painter i79o ? . 1864 

Dubois, Anthony. French Surgeon 1756. . 1837 

Dubois, Charles'Francis. Ecclesiastical Writer 1661 . . 1724 

Dubois, Dorothea. Novelist — . . 1774 

Dubois, Edward. English Satirical Writer 1775. • l8 5° 

Dubois, Francis. Dutch Medical Writer 1614. . 1672 

Dubois, James. Sylvius. French Medical Writer 1478 . . 1555 

Dubois, John. Flemish Medical Writer — . . 1576 

Dubois, John Anthony. French Abbe and Missionary . . 1765 . . 1848 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 137 



BORN. DIED. 



Dubois, Simon. Dutch Painter — . 

Dubois, William. Cardinal and Prime Minister of France 1656. 
Dubois de Crance, Edm. Louis Alexis. Fr. Statesman 1747. 
Dubos, Charles Francis. French Theologian 1661 . 



Dubos, Jerome. Dutch Painter fl. 16th c 



Dubos, J. Bapt. Abbe. Statesman, Hist., and Art Writer 1670 . . 
Duboucher, Matthew. French Law Writer and Poet. ... — 
Dubourg, Anne, or Annas. French Protestant Martyr . . 1521 . . 

Dubourg, Matthew. English Violinist i7°3- • 

Dubraw, John, or Dubravius Scala. German Prelate, 

Statesman, and Historian — 

Dubreul, James. French Jesuit Writer on Perspective. . 1528. . 

Dubuisson, Francis Rene" Andrew 1763 . . 

Dubuisson, Paul Ulrich. French Author 1746. . 

Due, Fronton du. French Jesuit Writer 1558 . . 

Due, John le. Dutch Painter of Animals 1636 . . 

Dueange, Charles Dufresne, Sieur. French Antiquary . . 1610. . 

Ducarel, Andrew Coltee. English Antiquary 1713. . 

Ducart, Isaac. Dutch Flower-Painter 1630 . . 



Ducas, Michael. Byzantine Historian fl. 15th c 



Ducasse, J. Baptist. French Admiral 

Duccio di Buoninsegna. Painter of Sienna - - . . 

Duchal, James. Irish Divine 1697 . . 

Duchange, Gaspar. French Engraver 1662 . . 

Duchat, .Jacob le. French Editor at Berlin 1658 . . 

Duchatel, Gaspar. French Statesman 1766. . 

Duchatel, Tanneguy. French Warrior 1360?. 

DucMtelet, Gabrielle, Emilie le Tonnelier de Breteuil, 

Marchioness. Translator of Principia 1 706 . . 

Duchatelet d'Haraucourt, Louis Mary Flo. Politician 1626'. 
Duche, Jacob. American Clergyman. 

Duche de Vancey, Joseph Francis. French Poet 1668. . 

Duchesne, Andrew. French Geographer and Historian. 1584. . 
Duchesne de Gisors, J. Bapt. Jos. French Painter. . . . 1770. . 

Ducis, John Francis. French Dramatist *733- • 

Duck, Arthur. Civilian and Historical Writer 1580. . 

Duck, Rev. Steph. Poet. Life by Rev. Jos. Spence, 1764 1700. . 

Duckworth, Sir John Thomas. Admiral 1748. . 

Duclos, Charles Pineau. Historical Writer and Biographer 1704. . 

Duclos, John Francis. French Poet 1705 . . 

Duclos, Mary Ann. French Actress i664 ? . 

Ducornet, Louis Caesar Jos. French Artist 1806. . 

Duerest de Villeneuve, Alex. Louis. French Admiral. 1777. . 

Ducreux, Joseph. French Portrait Painter 1737- • 

Dudeffant. See Deffand. Literary Lady at Paris 1697. . 

Dudith, Andrew. Scholar and Statesman 1533. . 

Dudley, Ambrose, Baron LTsle and Earl of Warwick. . . . 1530' 1 '. 

Dudley, Charles Edw. American Statesman 1780. . 

Dudley, Dud. Ironmaster. (Mttallum Mortis) J 599- • 

Dudley, Edm. Statesm. ( Tree of the Commonwealth.) Beh. 1462. . 
Dudley, Lord Guilford, husband of Jane Grey. Beheaded — . . 
Dudley, Rev. Sir Henry Bate. Miscellaneous Writer . . . 1745. . 

Dudley, John, Duke of Northumberland. Beheaded 1502.. 

Dudley, John William Ward, Earl of. Statesman 1781 . . 



708 

723 
814 
724 



742 
801 

767 

553 
614 
836 

794 
624 
671 
688 
785 
697 



7i5 

340 ? 

761 

756 

735 

793 

449 

749 

792 

704 
640 
856 
816 
649 
756 
817 
772 
752 
748 
856 
852 
802 
780 
589 
589 
841 
684 
510 

554 
824 

553 
*33 



138 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Dudley, Paul. Colonial Chief Justice of Massachusetts. . 1675. 1751 

Dudley, Robert, Earl of Leicester; rival of Essex 1532? 1588 

Dudley, Sir Robert, son. Philosopher and Engineer 1573- • 1639 

Duer, John. American Jurist 1782 . . 1858 

Duer, William Alex., brother. Jurist 1780. . 1858 

Du Fay, Chas. Francis de Cisternay. French Savant . . 1698. .1739 
Dufrenoy, Peter Armand. Fr. Geologist and Mineral.. . 1792. .1857 
Dufresne, Abraham Alexis Quinault. French Actor. . . . 1695 • • l 7^7 
Dufresne, Charles, Sieur Ducange. French Antiquary. . 1610. .1688 
Dufresne, Philip Canoy, Sieur. Statesman and Lawyer. 1551. .1610 
Dufresnoy, Charles Alfonso. French Painter and Poet. 

(De Arte Graphicd) 1611 . . 1665 

Dufresnoy. Historian. See Lenglet 1674. .1755 

Dufresny, Charles Riviere. French Comic Writer .... 1648. .1724 
Dugard, William. English Scholar. (Lexic. Greed Test.) 1606. .1662 
Dugdale, Sir Win. Antiq. and Hist. Life by Hamper, 1827 1605 . . 1686 

Dughet, Caspar. Gaspar Poussin. French Painter 1613. .1675 

Dugommier, John Francis Coquille. Fr. Repub. General 1736. .1794 

Duguay-Trouin, Rene. French Admiral 1673- -1736 

Duguesclin, Bertrand. Constable of France. Life by 

Claude Menard; Guyard de Berville; Jamison, 1864. . i3i4 ? .i38o 

Duguet, James Joseph. French Theologian 1649. .1733 

Du Halde, J. Baptist. French Jesuit. (History of China) 1674. • 1 743 

Duhamel, J. Baptist. Commentator and Naturalist 1624.. 1706 

Duhamel, John Peter Francis Guillot. French Metallurgist 1730. . 1816 
Duhamel du Monceau, Henry Louis. French Philos. 1700. .1782 
Duhan, Lawrence. (Philosophus in Uiramque Partem). . . i656 ? .i726 
Duigenan, Dr. Patrick. Irish Civilian and Politician. 

(Lacrymai Academical) 1735 ? . 1816 

DuUius, Caius. Consul and Admiral, b. c. 260 fl. 260-231 B.C. 

Duisburg, Peter de. ( Chronicle of Prussia) fl. 16th c. 

Dujardin, Charles. Dutch Painter 1640. . 1678 

Dujarry, Lawrence Juillard. French Theologian & Poet 1658. .1730 

Duke, Rev. Richard. Divine and Poet 1655'^. 1711 

Duker, Charles Andrew. German Classical Editor 1670. .1752 

Dulaure, James Anthony. French Historical Writer. . . . 1755 . . 1835 

Dulcinus. Leader of the Dulcinists — . . 1308 

Dullaert, Heyman, or Herman. Dutch Painter 1636. . 1684 

Dulon, Frederick Louis. Prussian Flutist and Composer 1769. .1826 

Dulong, Peter Louis. French Chemist 1785 . . 1838 

Dumandre, Anthony. Sculptor — . .1761 

Dumandre, Hubert, brother. Sculptor and Architect. . . 1701 . .1781 
Dumaniant, Anthony John Bourlin. Fr. Actor and Dram. 1752. .1828 

Dumaresq, Henry. British Officer 1792 . .1838 

Dumas, Alex. Davy. French General 1762. . 1S06 

Dumas, Louis. French Musician 1676 . .1744 

Dumas, Matthew, Count. French Soldier and Historian . 1753. . 1837 

Dumee, Joan. French Astronomer fl. 1680 

Durnesnil, J. Bap. Gardin. Fr. Writ. (Synonymes Latines) 1720.. 1802 

Dumesnil, Mar} r Frances. French Actress 1711. .1803 

Dummer, Jere. American Writer and Political Agent. . . i68o ? .i739 

Dumont, George. Statistical Writer 1725 . . 1 788 

Dumont, John. Baron of Carlscroon. Hist. & Publicist — ..1726? 
Dumont, John. LeJtomain. French Painter 1700.. 1781 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 



139 



Dumont, Peter Stephen Louis. "Writer on Legislation. . 
Dumont d'Urville, Jul. Sebast.Csesar. French Navigator 

Dumoulin, Charles. Molimeus. French Jurist 

Dumoulin, Louis, br. Independent. ( Pair onus Bonm Fidei) 
Dumoulin, Peter. Molimeus. French Protestant Divine 
Dumoulin, Pet., son. Engl. Div. (Regii Sanguinis Clamor) 
Dumouriez, Anne Francis Duperier. French Poetess . . 
Dumouriez, Charles Francis Duperier. French General 

Dun, David Erskine, Lord. Scottish Judge 

Dunbar, George. Prof, of Greek at Edinburgh. (Lexicon) 

Dunbar, William. Scottish Poet. Life by Laing 

Duncan, Adam, Lord. Admiral 

Duncan, Daniel. Physician 

Duncan, Mark. Scottish Phys. and Philosoph. Writer. , 
Duncan, Philip Bury, d. c. l. Naturalist, Antiq.,Philanth. 

Duncan, Thomas, k. s. a. Scottish Painter 

Duncan, Wm. Prof, at Aberdeen. Writ. & Transl. [Logic) 
Duncan, Rev. William Cecil, d. d. American Clergyman 

and Writer 

Duncombe, Rev. John. Poet. ( Feminead) 

Duncombe, "Wm. Poet & Misc. "Writ. (L. Jun. Brutus) 

Dundas, Sir David. General 

Dundas, Henry, First Viscount Melville. Statesman. . . . 
Dundas, Sir Jas. Whitley Deans. Admiral in Black Sea 
Dundas, Sir Richard Saunders. Admiral in the Baltic . . 

Dundas, Thomas. British Officer.* 

Dundee, John Graham of Claverhouse, Viscount 

Dundonald, Thomas Cochrane, Tenth Earl of. Naval 

Officer. (Autobiograjyhy of a Seaman) 

Duni, Egidio Romualdo. Italian Musical Composer .... 

Dunlap, William. American Artist and Writer 

Dunlop, Alex. Prof, at Glasgow. ( Greek Grammar) 
Dunlop, Wm., brother. Prof, and Preach, at Edinburgh 

Dunn, Samuel. Mathematician at Chelsea 

Dunning, John, First Lord Ashburton. Lawyer 

Dunod de Charnage, Francis Ign., of Besancon. "Writer 
Dunois, John d'Orleans, Count. French Commander. . . . 

Duns Scotus, John. Schoolman 

Dunstable, John. Musical Composer and Mathematician 
Dunstan, St. Archbishop of Canterbury. Life by Ada- 
lard; Bridferth; Osbern; Eadmer; Wm. Malmesbury 

Dunster, Rev. Charles. Divine and Scholar 

Dunster, Rev. Henry. 1st President of Harvard College 
Dunthorne, Richard. Astron., Engineer, & Antiq. Artist 
Dunton, John. Bookseller & Auth. L. by Nicholas, 1818 

Dunz, or Duns, John. Swiss Painter 

Du Pan, Mallet. Political Writer 

Dupaty, Chas. Marg. J. Baptist Mercier. Fr. Publicist 

Dupaty, Charles Mercier, son. Sculptor 

Duperray, Michael. French Lawyer and Eccles. Writer 

Duperre, Victor Guy, Baron. French Admiral 

Duperron, Anquetil. French Orientalist 

Duperron, James Davy. Cardinal Archbishop of Sens. 
Life by Burigny 



BORN. 

1/59- 
I790. 
1500. 
1606. 
1568. 
1600. 
1707. 

1739- 
1670. 

i774 ? 
1465 ?. 

I73 1 - 
1649. 



1807. 
1717. 

1824. 

*73°- 
1690. 
1736. 
1740. 
1785. 
1802. 
1750. 
1650? 

1775 
1709 
1760 
1684 
1692 

*73 l 

1679 
1402 
1265 
1400' 



925 



1659 
1645 

1749 
1746 
1771 
1640 
1775 
I73 1 



DIED. 
1829 
1842 
1566 
1683 
1658 
1684 
I769 
1823 

!755 
1851 
1530? 
1804 

J735 
1640 
1863 
1845 
1760 

1864 
1786 
1769 
1820 
1811 
1862 
1861 
1795 



.i860 

•1775 
.1839 

.1742 
,1720 
1792 

1783 
.1752 
.1468 

1308 
,1458 



.1816 
.1659 
1775 
• J 7 33 
•1736 
. 1800 
.1788 
.1825 

173° 
,1846 
1805 



1556. .1618 



140 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. 

Dupetit Thouars, Louis Mary Albert. French Botanist 1758. 

Dupin, Louis Ellies. Ecclesiastical Historian. . . . 1657. 

Dupino, Chas. Francis. Fr. Philos. (La Relig.Universelle) 1742. 

Dupleix, Joseph Francis, Marquis. Fr. Governor in India 1700? 

Dupleix, Scipio. French Historian T 569. 

Duplessis-Mornay, Philip de. Statesman and Writer 1549. 

Duponceau, Peter Steph. Fr. "Writer. (Primitive World) 1760. 

Dupont,' James Charles de l'Eure. French Statesman. . . 1767. 

Dupont de 1'lDtang, Peter, Count. French General 1765. 

Dupont de Nemours, Peter' Samuel. Polit. Economist 1739. 

Duport, Francis Mathurin. French Revolutionist 1748 s 

Duport, James, d. d. Greek Scholar and Commentator 1606. 

Duppa, Brian. Bishop of Salisbury and Winchester 1589. 

Duppa, Richard. Biographer and Writer 1755 s 

Duprat, Anthony. Cardinal. French Statesman 1463. 

Dupre d'Aulnay, Louis. French Physiologist 1670* 

Dupre de St. Maur, Nicholas Francis. French Writer. . 1696. 

Dupuis, Charles. French Engraver 1685 . 

Dupuis, Charles Francis. Writer and Philosopher 1742. 

Dupuis, Nicholas Gabriel, brother. Engraver 1695 . 

Dupuis, Dr. Thomas Saunders. Eng. Musical Composer 1733. 

Dupuy, Peter. Fr. Antiquarian and Hist. L. by Rigault 1582. 

Dupuytren, William le, Baron. French Anatomist 1777- 

Duquesne, Abraham, Marquis. Fr. Naval Commander 1610. 

Duquesnoy, Francis. Flemish Sculptor J594- 

Durand, David. Fr. Protestant. Preacher and Historian 1679 s 

Durand, John Nicholas Louis. French Architect 1760. 

Durand, Wm. Fr. Lawyer and Prelate. (Speculum Juris) 1230? 

Durand de Maillane, Peter Toussaint. French Lawyer 1729. 

Durand de St. Pourcain, William. Bishop. Most Reso- 
lute Doctor — . 

Durant, Giles. French Humorous Poet I 55° ? 

Durante, Francis. Sacred Music Composer I ^93 - 

Duranti, Durante. Italian Poet and Orator 1718. 

Duranti, John Stephen. (De ritibus Ecclesice) 1534- 

Durao, or Duram, Joseph de Santa Rita. Brazilian Poet 1737. 

Duras, Clara, Duchess de. Writer and Philanthropist. . . 1779. 

Durbach, Ann Louisa. German Poetess 1722. 

Dureau de la Malle, Adolphus Julius Caesar Augustus. 

French Author 1777. 

DureU, David. Biblical Critic 1728? 

Durell, John. Dean of Windsor. Apologist for Ch. of Eng. 1626. 

Diirer, Albert. Engraver and Painter 1471 . 

Duret, Louis. French Medical Writer 1527. 

Durfee, Job. American Writer and Jurist 1790. 

D'Urfey, Thomas. Dramatic Author 1628? 

Durham, Simeon of. Historian — . 

Durham, James. Scottish Divine 1622?. 

Durham, John Geo. Lambton, 1st Earl of. Gov. of Canada 1792. 

Durham, Sir Philip Charles Calderwood. Admiral. Life 

by Captain A. Murray, 1846 1763. 

Durihger, Melchior. Ecclesiastical Historian at Berne. . . 1647? 

Duroc, Gerard Christopher Michael, Duke of Friuli. Mar- 
shal of France 1772. . 1813 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 141 



BORN. DIED. 



Dury, or Duraeus, John. Scottish Divine — aft 

Dusart, Cornelius. Dutch Painter 1665 . . 

Dusatoy, James. Poet 1796'. 

Du Sommerard, Alexander. French Archaeologist 1779. • 

Dussault, John Joseph. Fr. "Writ. {Annates Litteraires) 1769. . 

Dussaulx, John. French Politician and Writer 172%. . 

Dussek, John Louis. Musical Composer 1762. . 

Dutens, Joseph Michael. French Engineer 1765 . . 

Dutens, Louis. French Miscellaneous Writer 1730. . 

Dutertre, John Baptist. (Histoire des Antilles) 1610. . 

Dutrochet, Rene" Joachim Henry. French Naturalist. . . 1776. . 

Duval, Alexander Vincent Pineu. French Writer 1767.. 

Duval, Ainaury Pineu. French Writer 1760. . 

Duval, Claude. Highwayman. Life by Dr. Walter Pope — . . 

Duval, Nicholas. Dutch Painter 1644. . 

Duval, Peter. French Geographer and Chronologist 1618.. 

Duval, Valentine Jamarai. Scholar 1695 . . 

Duvaucel, Alfred. French Naturalist 1581 . . 

Duvenede, Mark van. Dutch Historical Painter 1674. . 

Du Verdier, Anthony. Biographer and Bibliographer. . 1544. . 

Duvergier de Hauranne, John. Abbot of St. Oyran. 

Theologian 1581 . . 

Duvemey, Joseph Guichard. French Anatomist 1648. . 

Duvernoy, George Louis. Fr. Anatomist and Zoologist 1777. . 

Duvoisin, John Baptist. Bishop of Nantes. Theologian 1744. . 

Duyckinck, George Long. American Author. ( Cyclopae- 
dia of American Literature) 1822 . . 

Dwarris, Sir Fortunatus William Lilley. Antiquarian 

and Legal Writer *7%7 ? - 

Dwight, Theo. American Author and Journalist 1 765 . . 

Dwight, Timothy. American Divine 1752. . 

Dwnn, Lewis. Welsh Herald fl. 16 

Dyce, William, r. a. Painter, Composer, and Writer. . . 1806. 

Dyehe, Thomas. Schoolmaster and Schoolbook Writer. . — . 

Dyer, Sir Edward. Poet I 54° ? 

Dyer, George. Classical Scholar and Writer 1755 . 

Dyer, Sir James, Chief Justice. (Reports.) L. by Vaillant 1512? 

Dyer, Rev. John. Poet. ( The Fleece, ; Ruins of Rome). . 1700. 

Dyer, Samuel. Writer 1725 ? 

Dyer, William. Ejected Nonconformist Divine — . 

Dymond, Jonathan. Quaker. (Principles of Morality) 1796. 



674 
704 

? 15 
842 

824 

799 
812 
848 
812 
687 
847 
842 
838 
670 

73 2 
683 

775 
643 
729 
600 

6 43 
73° 

8i3 
863 

860 
846 
817 

4 

864 

750 

610 

841 

582 

758 

772 

696 

828 



142 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 



E. 

BORN. 

Eachard, John, D. d. Divine. Life by Thomas Davies 1636 

Eadmpr, or Edmer. Historian and Biographer — 

Eadsige. Archbishop of Canterbury (1038-50) — 

Eardley, Sir Culling E. English Publicist 1805 

Earle, John. Bp. of Wore. & Salisb. ( M icrocosmography) 160 1 

Earle, Pliny. American Inventor 1762 

Earle, Thomas, brother. Writer on Law 1791 

Earlom, Richard. Mezzotint Engraver. ( Liber Veritatis) 1740 

Eastburn, James Wallis. American Author 1797 

Eaton, John. Antinomian Divine 1575 

Eaton, William. American Soldier 1764 

Ebedjesu. Bar Bricka. Nestorian Writer of Syria — 

Ebel, John Godfrey. Ger. Writ, on Statistics & Geology 1764 

Ebeling, Christopher Daniel. Geographer 1741 

Ebelmen, James Joseph. French Chemist 1814 

Eberhard, Augustus Theophilus. German Author 1769 

Eberhard, Conrad. German Artist 1768 

Eberhard, John Augustus. German Divine 1739 

Eberhard im Bart. First Duke of Wiirtemberg 1445 

Ebert, Theod. Ger. Hebraist. (Eulogia Jurisconsultorum) — 

Eberus, Paid. Reformer 1511 

Ebroin. Mayor of the Palace of Neustria — 

Eccard, or Eckhart, John George. Ger. Hist, and Antiq. 1674 
Ecchellensis, or Echellensis, Abr. Maronite Orientalist . — 

Eccles, John. Violinist — 

Echard, Father James. Biographer of Dominican Order 1644 
Echard, Lawrence. Archdeacon. (History of England) 1671 

Echinus, or Erizzo, Sebastian. Venetian Medalist 1525 

Eck, or Eckius, John, of Ingoldstadt. Opponent of Luther i486 
Eckermann, John Peter. German Scholar and Author 1792 
Eckhard, John Frederick. Philologist and Bibliographer 1723 
Eckhard, or Eccard, John George. Ger. Hist, and Antiq. 1674 
Eckhel, Joseph Hilary. Jesuit, Antiquaiy and Medalist 1737 
Ecluse, Charles de 1'. Clusius. Dutch Phys. & Botanist 1526 

Edelinck, Gerard. Dutch Engraver in France 1649 

Edema, Gerard. Dutch Landscape Painter 1654 

Eden, Sir Fred. Morton. Statist. Writ. ( Laboring Classes) 1766 

Eden, Sir Morton, First Lord Henley. Ambassador — 

Eder, George. German Lawyer. ( (Economia Bibliorum) 1524 

Edgar. King of England (959-75) 943 

Edgar. King of Scotland — 

Edgar, John George. Biographer, Novelist, &c 1834 

Edgar Atheling. Heir of the Anglo-Saxon Line — 

Edgeworth, Miss Maria. Novelist 1767 

Edgeworth, Richard Lovell. Agriculturist and Writer. . 1744 
Edgeworth de Firmont, Henry Allen. Confessor to 

Louis XVI 1 745 

Edmer, or Eadmer. Historian and Biographer — 

Edmondes, Clement. Scholar 1566 

Edmondes, Sir Thomas. Statesman 1563 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 143 

BORN. DIED. 

Edmondson, Joseph. Heraldic Writer — . . 1786 

Edmund, St. King of East Anglia (854-70) and Martyr 841.. 870 
Edmund I. The Elder. King of England (940-46) . . .923 . .946 or 8 

Edmund II. Ironside. (1016-17) 989. . 1017 

Edmund D'Abingdon, St. Archbishop of Canterbury 

(1234-40). Life by Robert Bacon — . .1240 

Edred. King of England (946-55) _.. 955 ? 

Edrisi. Arabian Geographer 1099.. 1 164? 

Edward I. King of England 1239.. 1307 

Edward II. Life by Thomas de la More ; Edward Fan- 

nant, 1680; Henry Viscount Faulkl and, 1680 1284. .1327 

Edward III. Life by Thomas May, 1635; Barnes, 1688 1312. .1377 

Edward IV. Life by J. Habington 1441 . . 1483 

Edward V. Life by Sir Thomas More 1470 . . 1483 

Edward VI. Life by Sir J. Hayward, 1630 1537- • J 553 

Edward. Pr. of Wales; son of Henry VI. ; si. at Tewkesb. 1543. .1572 
Edward trie Black Prince. Life by Arthur Collins, 

1740; G. P. R.James; A. P. Stanley, in Memor. Cant. 1330. .1376 
Edward the Confessor. King of England (1042-66). Life 

by Ailred ; Lives, edited by Luard 1004?. 1066 

Edward the Elder. King of the West Saxons (901-24) 870?. 924 

Edward the Martyr. King of England (975-8) 961^978 

Edward Plantagenet, Earl of Warwick, nephew of 

499 

852 
800 
806 

773 
716 
712 



Edward IV. Beheaded 1445 . . 

Edwards, Bela Bates, d. d. American Author 1802. . 

Edwards, Bryan. Historian of West Indies. Life by self 1743. . 

Edwards, Edward. Artist and Writer. (Perspective) .. 1738. . 

Edwards, George. Naturalist. (History of Birds) J 693-. 

Edwards, John, d. d. Divine 1637 . . 

Edwards, Jonathan, d. d. Anti-Socinian Writer 1629. . 

Edwards, Jonathan. President of New Jersey College. 

Calvinistic Divine. (Freedom of Will.) L. by Hopkins 1703. . 

Edwards, Jona.,D. d., son. Metaphysician and Theologian 1745. • 

Edwards, Justin, d. d. American Divine and Temperance 

Reformer 1 787 . . 

Edwards, Richard. Poet 1523 . . 

Edwards, Thomas. Presbyterian Writer. (Gangrcena). 1599?. 

Edwards, Thomas. Poetical Writer. (Canons of Criticism) 1699.. 

Edwards, Thomas, D. d. Divine. (Selecta fheocriti). . . 1729. . 

Edwards, William. Bridge Engineer 1719- ■ 

Edwin. King of Morthumbria (617-33). Bretwalda. . . . 585?. 

Edwin, John. Comic Actor 1750- • 

Edwy. King of England (955-59) 939 ? - 

Eeckhout, Anthony van den. Flemish Painter 1656. . 

Eeckhout, Gerbraudt van den. Dutch Painter 1621 . . 

Effen, Justus van. Dutch Writer 1684. . 

Egbert. King of England (802-839) — . . 

Egede, Hans, or John. Danish Missionary to Greenland 1686. . 

Egede, Paul, son. Miss, to Greenland, & Lexicographer. 1708. . 

Egerton, Daniel. Actor 1772. . 

Egerton, Francis, Duke of Bridgew. Promoter of Canals 1729. . 

Egerton, Rev. Francis Henry. Earl of Bridgewater. Pro- 
moter of Essays 1758.. 

Egerton, Francis Leveson, E. of Ellesmere. See Ellesmere 1800 . . 



758 
801 

853 

566? 
647 

757 
785 
789 

633 
790 

959 

695 

674 

735 

839 ? 

758 

7S9 

^5 
803 

829 

857- 



144 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Egerton, John. Bishop of Durham 1721 . .1787 

Egerton, Thomas. First Lord Ellesmere, Viscount Brack- 
ley. Lord Chancellor I540 ? 

Egg, Augustus Leopold. Painter 1817? 

Eggeling, John Henry, of Bremen. Medalist & Antiquary 1639 

Eginhard. Biographer of Charlemagne 771 

Eginton, Francis. Painter on Glass 1737 

Eglantine. See Fabre. Fr. Writer and Revolutionist .. 1755 

Egmont, Justus van. Historical Painter 1602 

Egmont, Lamoral, Ct. of. Flemish Statesman. Behead. 1522 
Egnazio, J. Bapt. Cipelli. Venetian Orator and Scholar. . 1473 
Egremont, George O'Brien Wyndham, Third Earl of . . . 1751 

Ehret, George Dionvsius. Botanical Painter 1710 

Eichendorff, Jos. Chas. Benedict, Baron. Ger. Author. . 1788 

Eichhorn, Charles Frederick. Jurisconsult 1781 

Eichhorn, John Godfrey. Biblical Critic 1752 

Eichman, John. Dryander. Physician and Astronomer — 

Eichner, Ernest. German Musical Composer 1740 

Eisen, Charles. Artist at Brussels 1721 

Eisengrein, Martin, d. d. German Controversial Divine — 
Eisenschmidt, John Gaspar. German Mathematician. . 1656 

Ekins, Jeffrey, d. d. Divine and Scholar — 

Elagabalus. Rom. Emp. (218-222). L. by M. Lampridius 205 

Elb6e, Gigot d'. Royalist Leader of La Vendue 1752 

Elbene, Alphonsus d' . Bishop. {De Begno Burgundies) 1540 

Elbert, Samuel. American Revolutionary Officer 1743 

Elbceuf, Charles de Lorraine, Marquis d'. Politician. . . . 1596 
Elboeuf, Eman. Maurice, Due d\ Discov. of Herculaneum 1677 

Elbceuf, Rene - de Lorraine, Marquis d\ Politician — 

Elburcht, John van. Painter at Antwerp 1500 

Eldon, John Scott, Earl of. Lord Chancellor. Life by 

H. Twiss ; W. E. Surtees, 1846 1751 

Eleanor of Aquit. Q. of Henry II. L. by Isaac de Larrey 1122 

Eleanor of Castile. Queen of Edward I — 

Eleanor of Este. Italian Princess beloved by Tasso. . . . 1537 

Eleanor of Provence. Queen of Henry III — 

Eleanor of Toledo 1526 

Eleanora Tellez. Portuguese Beautv; Q. of Ferd. I. . . 1330 

Eleutherius. Bishop of Rome (177-192) — 

Elfric. Archbishop of Canterbury (995-1006) — 

Elgin and Kincardine, James Bruce, Eighth Earl of. 

Governor-General of India 1811 . . 1863 

Elgin and Kincardine, Thos. Bruce, 7th E. of. {Marbles) 1766. . 1841 

Elias, Matthew. Portrait and Historical Painter 1658. .1741 

Elias Levita. Jewish Rabbi 1472. .1549 

Elich, Louis Philip. Ger. Writer. {De Magid Diabolicd) fl. 1607 
Elichman, John. Physician and Orientalist at Leyden. . — . . 1639 

Elie de Beaumont, Ann Louisa. Writer 1729. .1783 

Elie de Beaumont, J. Baptist James. French Writer . 1732. .1786 
Eliot, Sir John. Statesman. Life by John Forster, 1864. 1590. .1632 
Eliot, John. Apostle of the Indians. Missionary. Life by 

Cotton Mather 1604 

Eliot, John, d. d. Amer. Writer. {New Eng.Biog. Diet.) 1754 
Eliot, or Elyot, Sir Thomas. Writer. ( The Governor) . . 1495 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 145 

BORN. DIED. 

Eliott, Geo. Aug., IstLd. Heathfield. Defender of Gibraltar 1718?. 1790 

Eliott, Sir John. Physician in London — . .1787 

Eliott, Rev. Richard. Controversial Divine — . .1789 

Elisha. Hebrew Prophet; successor of Elijah ab.840 b.c. 

Elizabeth, or Isabella, of Austria. Queen of Charles IX. 

of France 1454- - x 59 2 

Elizabeth. Queen of England. L. bj' Leti ; Dr. T. Birch, 

1754; Camden; Thomas Heywood ; Madame Robert . . 1533. .1603 

Elizabeth, Madame, sister of Louis XVI i7 6 4- • *794 

Elizabeth Parnese. Queen of Spain 1692 .. 1 766 

Elizabeth-Christina. Queen of Frederick the Great of 

Prussia. Life by Von Hahnke, 1848 1715..1797 

Elizabeth-Petrovna. Empress of Russia i7°9- • x 7 61 

Elizabeth, St., of Hungary. Life by Simon; Count 

Montalembert 1207 . . 1231 

Elizabeth Stuart. Queen of Bohemia. Life by Miss 

Benger, 3825 1596. .1662 

Elizabeth Woodville. Q. of England. Wife of Edw. IV. — ..1488 
Elizabeth of York. Q. of England. Wife of Henry VII. 1466 .. 1 502 
Ellenborough, Edward Law, First Lord. Lord Chief 

Justice. Life by Lord Campbell 1748. . 1818 

Eller de Brookhusen, John Theodore. Medical Writer 1689. .1760 

Ellery, William. American Statesman 1727. . 1820 

EUesmere, Francis Egerton, Earl of. (Medit. Sketches) 1800.. 185 7 
Ellesmere, Thomas Egerton, Baron. Lord Chancellor. . . 1540?. 1617 

Ellet, William Henry. American Chemist 1804?. 1859 

Ellicott, Andrew. Amer. Astron. and Civil Engineer. . . 1754. . 1820 

Elliger, Ottomar. Painter of Fruits and Flowers 1632 or 3. . 1688 

EULiger, Ottomar, son. Historical Painter 1666. .1732 

Elliott, Ebenezer. Corn Law Rhymer. L. by Searle, 1852 1781 . . 1849 

Elliott, Jesse Duncan. American Naval Officer 1782. . 1845 

Elliott, Stephen. American Naturalist 1771 . . 1830 

Elliott, William. Engraver 1717. .1766 

Ellis, Clement. Divine. Life by Veneer 1630 . . 1 700 

Ellis, George. (Specimens of Early English Poets) 1745 . . 181 5 

Ellis, G. J. W. Agar, Lord Dover. Historical Writer 1797- • 1833 

Ellis, Henry. Voyager and Governor of Georgia 1721.. 1806 

Ellis, John. Writer on Zoophytes 1710?. 1776 

Ellis, John. Poet 1698 . . 1791 

Elliston, Robert William. Comedian 1774.. 1831 

Ellsworth, Oliver, ll. d. American Jurist 1745 • -1807 

Ellwood, Thomas. Quaker Writer. Life by self 1639. .1713 

Ellys, Anthony. Bishop of St. David's. Theologian 1693. .1761 

Ellys, Sir Richard, Bart. Writer — . . 1 742 

Elmaeinus, George. Saracen Historian 1223. .1273 

Elmenhorst, Geverhard, of Hamburg. Critic. (Cebes). — ..1621 

Elmenhorst, Henry. Writer on Public Spectacles 1632. .1704 

Elmer, John. Bishop of London. See Aylrner 1521 . .1594 

Elmes, Harvey Lonsdale. Architect 1814?. 1847 

Elmore, Franklin Harper. American Financier *799- • 1S50 

Elmsley, Peter, d. d. Critic 1773.. 1825 

Elphege. Archbishop of Canterbury 954 ? • io12 

Elphinston, Arthur, Lord Balmerino. Beheaded 1688. .1746 

Elphinston, James. Misc. Writer. (English Orthography) 1721..1809 
10 



146 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Elphinston, William. Bishop of Aberdeen. Statesman. 

Founder of King's College, Aberdeen 1431?. 1 514 

Elphinstone, Geo. Keith,Visc. Keith. Naval Commander 1746. . 1823 

Elpfrin stone, Hon. Mountstuart. {History of India) 1778. .1859 

Elrington, Thomas. Bp. of Ferns. Divine & Classical Ed. — -.1835 

Elsheimer, Adam. Painter 1 S74- ■ l ^> 20 

Eisner, James. Prussian Divine 1692 . .1750 

Elstob, Elizabeth. Saxonist 1683. . 1756 

Elstob, "William, brother. Divine, Antiquary, & Saxonist 1673. • I 7 I 4 

Elsynge, Henry. Historical Writer l 59%- • 1654 

Elton, Sir Charles Abraham. Poet and Historical Writer 1778. .1853 
Elvius, Peter. Swedish Mechanician and Astronomer. . . 1710..1749 

Elwall, Edward. Politician and Polemical Writer — . . 1745? 

Elwes, John. M. p. Miser. Life by Maj. F. Topham, 1805 1714?. 1789 

Elyot, Sir Thomas. See Eliot 1495?. 1546 

Elys, Rev. Edmund. Eliseus. Nonjuror, Divine, and Poet — aft. 1693 

Elzevirs, Family of. Printers fl.1595-1680 

Emanuel. King of Portugal (1495-1521) J 469- .1521 

Embury, Emma Catharine. American Authoress 1806. .1863 

Emerson, Wm. Mathematician. Life by W. Bowe, 1793 170 1. .1782 

Emery, John. Actor 1777.. 1822 

Emilio, Paul. Paulus JEmilius. Italian Historian — •• I 5 2 9 

Emlyn, Thomas. Unitarian Divine. Life by his son. . . 1663. .1743 

Emma of Normandy. Queen of Ethelred — . . 1052 

Emmett, Robert. United Irishman. Executed 1780.. 1803 

Emmett, Thomas Addis, brother. United Irishman and 

American Barrister 1763. . 1827 

Emmius, Ubbo. Philologist and Hist. ( Veins Grcecia). 1547. .1626 
Emmons, Ebenezer. American Geologist and Author. . . 1798.. 1863 
Emmons, Nathaniel. American Theologian and Writer 1745. -1840 
Emory, John, d.d. Bp. of the Meth. Epis. Church ; Writer 1 789 . . 1835 

Emory, Robert, son. Clergyman and Writer 1814. . 1848 

Empecinado, John Martin Diaz, el. Span. Revolutionist 1775 . . 1825 

Empedocles. Sicilian Philosopher fl-444 b.c. ? 

Empereur, Constantine I'. Anti-Jewish Theologian. . . . i57o : '.i648 

Empoli, Jacopo Chimenti da. Florentine Painter 1554. . 1640 

Empson, Sir Richard. Favorite of Henry VII — . . 1510 

Empson, Wm. Professor. Editor of Edinburgh Review 1790?. 1852 

Emser, Hieronymus. Opponent of Luther I47 2 - • !5 2 7 

Enambue, Peter Vandrosque Diel d'. French Navigator — . . 1636 

Eneke, John Francis. German Astronomer 1791 . . 1865 

Enclos, Ninon 1'. French Beauty 1616. .1706 

Encontre, Daniel, of Montauban. Theologian and Math. 1762. .1818 
Endicott, John. Colonial Governor of Massachusetts .. . 1589.. 1665 

Endlicher, Steph. Ladislaus. Botanist and Linguist 1804. .1849 

Enfantin, Barthelemy Prosper. Pere Enfantia. French 

Social Theorist 1 79^>- .1864 

Enfield, William. Dissenting Divine. {Speaker) 1741 . .1797 

Engel, John James. German Philosophical Writer 1741 . . 1802 

Engelbrecht, John. Fanatic 1599- • ^A 2 

Engelbrechtsen, Cornelius. Dutch Painter 1468. .1533 

Enghelrams, Cornelius. Painter in Water Colors 1527. .1583 

Enghien, Louis Anthony Henry de Bourbon, Duke of. 

Executed by Bonaparte 1772. . 1804 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 147 

BORN. DIED. 

England, John, d. d. Roman Catholic Bishop; Writer. 1786.. 1842 

Englefield, Sir Henry Charles. (Isle of Wight) 1752 . . 1822 

English, George Bethune. American Adventurer ...... 1789. .1S28 

English., Hester. Caligraphist — aft.1617 

Enjedius, or Enyedin, George. Socinian Writer 15 50''. 1597 

Ennemoser, Joseph. German Physiologist 1787 . 1854 

Ennius, Quintus. Roman Poet 239 B.C. . 169 

Ennodius, Magnus Felix. Bishop of Pavia. Writer.. 473 ? . 521 
Enriquez, Gomez Anthony (properly Enriquez de Paz). 

Spanish Poet * fl. 17th c. 

Ent, Sir George. Medical Writer 1604. . 1689 

Entick, or Entinck, Rev. John. (History of London) .... 1713. .1773 
Entinopus. Architect of Candia. Founder of Venice . . — .. 420? 
Entrecasteaux, Joseph Anthony Bruni d\ French Ad- 
miral and Explorer 1739- • l 793 

Enzinas, Francis. Dryander. Sp. Transl. of New Test. 1520?. 1570? 
Enzinas, John, brother. Protestant Martyr at Rome. .. . — •• 1 545 

Enzio. Natural Son of Frederick II. of Germany 1224 or5 . 1272 

Eobanus, Helius. German Latin Poet 1488. .1540 

Eon de Beaumont, Chas. Genevieve Louis Augustus 

Andrew Timothy d'. Chevalier d' fton. French Soldier 1728. .1810 
Epaminondas. Theban General. Life by Meissner, 1801 — B.c.362 
Epee, Charles Michael de I'. Abbe\ Philanthropist .... 1712. .1789 

Ephraem Syrus, St. Christian Writer — . . 378? 

Epicharmus. Greek Dramatic Poet 540 b.c. ? .443 

Epictetus. Greek Philosopher — aft. 1 18 

Epicurus. Greek Philosopher 342 B.c.270 

Epimenides. Cretan Poet and Hero fl. b. c. 596 

Epinay, Louisa Florence Petronille de la Live d'. Friend of 

Rousseau 1725?. 17-83 

Epiphanius. Bishop of Constantia (367-403). (Contra 

ManichoBOs) 310? . 403 

EpiphaniuS. The Scholastic. Italian Scholar and Transl. fl. 510? 
Episcopius, Simon. Arminian Divine. Life by Limborch 1583. .1643 
Erard, Sebastian. Fr. Manufacturer of Musical lustrum. 1752. .1831 

Erasistratus. Physician and Anatomist fl.3oo-26oB.c. 

Erasmus, Desiderius. Scholar. L. bv P. Merula ; Jortin; 

Dr. Sam. Knight, 1724; Burjgni ; "Charles Butler, 1825 1467. .1536 
Erastus, Thomas. Physician and Polemical Divine. 

Founder of Erastianism 1524. .1583 

Eratosthenes. Geographer, Astronomer, &c 2746.0.?. 194 

Erceldoune, Thomas of. Thomas the Rhymer fl. 12^0- 

Ereilla y Zuniga, Alonzo de. Span. Poet. (Araucana) 1533. .i595 ? 

Erdl, Michael Pius. German Savant 1815 . . 1848 

Eremita, Daniel. (De Aulica Vita ac Cirili) I 5S4- • 1613 

Eric IX. King of Sweden (1155-60). The Pious or Saint — ..1160 
Eric XIII. King of Sweden, Denmark (VII.). (History 

of Denmark) 1 ^82 . . 1459 

EricXTV. King of Sweden (1560-69) I533--J577 

Ericsson, John. Swedish Engineer in America 1S03. . 1853 

Erigena, John Scotus. Schoolman — .. 875? 

Erinna. Greek Poetess fl. 352 B.C. 

Erizzo, Sebastian. Venetian Medalist and Antiquary. . . 1525 . .1585 
Erkivins. Architect of Steinbach — . . 1305 



148 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Erlach, John Louis. French Commander 1595 . . 1650 

Erman, Paul. German Physicist 1764. . 185 1 

Ernest. Duke of Gotha 1601 . . 1674 

Ernest. Elector of Saxony — . . i486 

Ernest- Augustus, son of George III. Duke of Cumber- 
land and King of Hanover 1771. .1851 

Ernesti, Augustus William. Professor of Eloquence and 

Classical Editor (Livy, Quintilian, cjc.) 1733. .1801 

Ernesti, John Augustus. Philologist, Theologian, and 

Classical Editor {Homer, Cicero, Tacitus, cj-c.) 1707. .1781 

Ernesti, John Christian Theoph. {Lexicon Technologies) 1756.. 1802 

Ernst, Henry William. Violinist 1814. . 1865 

Ernulph, orArnulph. Bishop of Roch. {Textus Roffensis) io4o ? .ii24 

Erostratus, or Herostratus. Ephesian Incendiary fl.4thc.B.c. 

Erotianus. Author of a Glossary to Hippocrates fl. ti. Nero. 

Erpen, Thomas van. Erptnius. Dutch Orientalist 1584. .1624 

Errard, Charles. French Painter and Architect 1606. .1689 

Errington, Edward. Railway Engineer 1806. . 1862 

Ersch, John Samuel. German Cyclopa:dist 1766. . 1828 

Erskine, David, Lord Dun. Judge 1670. .1755 

Erskine, Rev. Ebenezer, H. A. Scottish Seceder 1680. .1754 

Erskine, Henry. Scottish Divine 1624. . 1696 

Erskine, Henry. Lord Advocate. Orator and Wit 1746.. 1817 

Erskine, John, Baron of Dun. Scottish Reformer 1508?. 1591 

Erskine, John. {Principles of the Law of Scotland) 1695 . .1765 

Erskine, John, d. d. Scottish Divine. Life by Rev. Sir 

H. Moncrieff Wellwood, 1818 1721 . . 1803 

Erskine, Ralph, a. m. Divine. {Gospel Sonnets) 1685.. 1752 

Erskine, Thomas, Lord. Lord Chancellor i75°- • 1823 

Erwin, of Steinbach. Architect of Strasbourg Cathedral — . .1318 
Erxleben, John Christian Polvcarp. German Naturalist 1744. .1777 
Eryceira, Ferd. de Menezes, Count. {Hist, of Portugal) 1614. .1699 
Eryceira, Francis Xavier de Menezes, Count, great-grand- 
son. Soldier and Author 1673. . 1743 

Eschenbach, Wolfram von. German Minnesinger — aft. 1227 

Eschenmayer, Adolphus Chas. Aug. von. Ger. Philos.. 1768. .1852 

Eschscholtx, John Frederick. German Naturalist 1793- •*83i 

Escobar, Bartholomew. Jesuit Missionary and Author. . 1562. .1624 
Escobar, Marine d'. Span. Foundress. Life by Dupont. 1554. .1633 
Escobar y Mendoza, Anthony. Sp. Jesuit and Casuist. 1589. . 1669 
Eseoiquiz, John de. Spanish Diplomatist and Author . . 1762. .1820 
Esmenard, Joseph Alphonse. Fr. Poet and Polit. Writer 1770. .1811 

Espagnac, John Baptist, Baron d'. Military Writer 1713. .1783 

Espagnandel, Matthew P. French Sculptor 1610. . 1689 

Espagnet, John d', of Bordeaux. {Enchiridion Physicae) . fl. 1623 

Espagnolet, Joseph Ribera 1'. Spanish Painter 1589. . 1656 

Esparron, Chas. d'Arcussia Yisct. d\ Writ, on Falconry 1547. . 161 7 

Espen, Zeger Bernard van. Dutch Canonist 1646. .1728 

Espence, Claude d'. Cardinal. Biblical Commentator. . 1511..1571 
Esper, Eugene John Christopher. German Naturalist. . . 1742. . 1810 

Esper, John Frederick. Naturalist and Astronomer 1732. . 1 781 

Esperiente, Phihp Callimachus. Italian Writer — . . 1496 

Espinasse, Esprit Charles Mary. French General 181 5 . . 1859 

Espinasse, Julia Jane Eleanor de 1'. Fr. Beauty and Wit 1732. .1776 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 149 

BORN. DIED. 

Espinel, "Vincent de. Spanish Poet and Musician 1551 . . 1634 

Espr6mesnil, James Duval d\ French Politician 1746. . 1794 

Esprit, James. French Academician ; Writer 1611 . . 1678 

Espronceda, Joseph de. Spanish Poet 1808. . 1842 

Espy, James P. American Meteorologist 1785 . . i860 

Esquired, John Stephen Dominic. French Physician and 

Writer. (Maladies Mentales) 1772. .1840 

Ess, Henry Leander van. Ger. Rom. Cath. Theologian. . 1772. . 1847 

Esse, Andre" de Montalembert d\ French General i4 8 3- • 1558 

Essen, John Henry. Swedish General 1755 . . 1824 

Essex, James, f. s. a. Architect 1723. .1784 

Essex, Robert Devereux, 2d Earl. Beheaded by Elizabeth 1567. . 160 1 
Essex, Robert Devereux, 3d Earl. Parliamentary General 1592. .1646 

Essex, Thomas Cromwell, Earl of. Beheaded 1490?. 1540 

Essex, Walter Devereux, 1st Earl of 1540?. 1576 

Estaco, Achilles. Latin Poet of Portugal. See Statius 1524. .1581 
Estaing, Charles Hector, Count d'. French Commander 1729. .1794 
Estampes, Anne de Pisseleu, Duchesse d'. Mistress of 

Francis 1 1508. .1576? 

Estcourt, Richard. Actor and Dramatic Writer 1668 . .1713 

Estienne. Printers. See Stephen. 

Estius, William. Dutch Divine J 54 2 - .1613 

Estoile, Claude de 1'. French Academician; Poet . . . i597 ? .i65i or 2 
Estoile, Peter de V. French Jurist and Historical Writer 1540'. 161 1 
Estrades, Godfrey, Count d'. Fr. General and Statesman 1607. . 1686 

Estrees, Caesar d'. Cardinal; Statesman 1628. .1714 

Estrees, Francis Annibal d'. Fr. Gen. and Hist. Writer 1573. .1670 

Estrees, Gabrielle d'. Mistress of Henry TV i57i ? - *599 

Estr6es, Louis Caesar, Due d\ Marshal of France 1695. .1771 

Estr6es, Victor Mary d\ Vice-Adm. and Marsh, of France 1660. .1737 

Ethelbald. King of Wessex (855-60) — . . 860? 

Ethelbert. King of Kent (560?-616) • • 545 ? - 616 

Ethelbert. King of Wessex (860-66) — . . 866? 

Ethelgar. Archbishop of Canterbury (988-89) — . . 989? 

Ethelhard. Archbishop of Canterbury (793-805) — . . 805 

Ethelnoth. Archbishop of Canterbury (1020-38) — . . 1038 

Ethelred. Archbishop of Canterbury (870-889) — . . 8S9 

Ethelred I. Saint. King of Wessex (866-71) — . . 871 

Ethelred II. The Unready. King of England (978-1016) — . .1016 

Ethelreda, St. St. Audrey fl. 7th c. 

Ethelwold, St. Bp. of Winch (963-84). L. byWolstan 925?. 984 

Ethel wolf. King of Wessex (836-58) — . . 858 

Etherege, Sir George. Wit and Comic Writer 1636?. 16S9 

Ethicus, or ^Ethicus. Lat.Writ. of Istria. ( Cosmog raphia) fl. 4th c. 
Etienne. Printers. See Stephen. 

Etienne, Charles William. French Writer 1778 . . 1845 

Etoile, Peter de 1'. French Historical Writer 1540?. 1611 

Ettmiuler, Ernest Michael. Medical Writer 1673. .1732 

Ettmuller, Michael, of Leipsic. Medical Writer 1644. .1683 

Etty, William, B. A. Painter. Life by A. Gilchrist, 1855. 1787. . 1849 

Eubulides of Miletus. Greek Philosopher 4th c. B.C. 

Euclid of Alexandria. Mathematician. (Elements) ti.Ptolemy Soter 

Euclid of Megara. Philosopher fl. 400 b.c. 

Eudeemon, John Andrew. Jesuit Writer 1560' 1625 



150 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Eudes. King of France (888-898) — . . 899 

Eudes, John. French Devotional Writer 1601 . . 1680 

Eudocia. Roman Empress, wife of Theodosius II. Writer. 

(Homero- Centones) 394? . 460 or 1 

Eudocia. Empress (1059-71). Wife of Constantine XL, 

&c. ( Violarium) — aft.1071 

Eudoxia. Empress. Wife of Arcadius, Persecutor of 

Chrysostom — . . 404 

Eudoxus, of Cnidus. Greek Astronomer fl. B.C. 366 '■ 

Eudoxus, of Cyzicus. Greek Navigator 2d c. B. c. 

Eugene, Francis, of Savoy, Prince. Life by self; Prince 

de Ligne, 1790; Ducasse, 1858-9; Ritter von Arneth; 

Maubillon 1663 . . 1 736 

Eugenius. Bishop of Carthage (481-505) — .. 505 

Eugenius I. Pope (654-57). Saint —..658 

Eugenius II. (824-27) — . . 827 

Eugenius III. (1145-53). Bernard — . . 1153 

Eugenius IV. (1431-47). Gabriel Condolmerio — . . 1447 

Euler, Leonard. Mathematician. {Elements of Algebra) 1707.. 1783 

Eunapius. Greek Sophist, Phys., and Biographer 347. . 42o ? 

Eunomius. Founder of the Eunomians — . . 393 

Eupolis. Greek Comic Poet 446b.c. ? .4ii ? 

Euripides. Greek Tragedian 480 B.c.406 

Eusden, Rev. Lawrence. Poet-Laureate — . .1730 

Eusebius. Pope (310) — . . 310 

Eusebius. Bishop of Nicomedia 3 2 4 ? - 34 2 

Eusebius. Pamphili. Bp. of Csesarea. Eccles. Historian 265?. 338? 

Eustachius, Bartholomew. Anatomical Discoverer — . .1574 

Eustathius. Abp. of Thessalonica. Classical Comment. — ..119S? 
Eustis, William. American Physician and Politician... 1753.. 1825 

Eutocius, of Ascalon. Mathematician fl. 560 A.r>. 

Eutropius, Flavius. Roman Historian fl-4th c.a.d. 

Eutyches. Heresiarch • 378. . 454? 

Eutyehius. Patriarch of Alexandria; Arabic Annalist. . 876.. 940 

Evagrius Scholastieus. Ecclesiastical Historian 536'. 6oo ? 

Evangelista. Italian Capuchin; Canonist 1511?. 1595 

Evans, Abel, d. d. Epigrammatist, (m. a. 1699) — aft. 171 1 

Evans, Arise. Welsh Conjuror and Impostor fl.i7th c. 

Evans, Caleb, d. d., of Bristol. Baptist Minister 1737. . 1 791 

Evans, Evan. Welsh Divine and Poet 1730?. 1790 

Evans, John, d. d. Welsh Dissenting Divine 1680. .1730 

Evans, John. Publisher. ( Christian Denominations) ... 1742. . 1827 

Evans, Lewis. American Geographer 1700?. 1756 

Evans, Oliver. Amer. Mechanical Engineer and Inventor 1755. .1811 

Evanson, Rev. Edward. Infidel Writer 1 731 .. 1805 

Evaristus. Bishop of Rome (100-109) — . . 109? 

Evarts, Jeremiah. American Editor and Writer 1781 . . 1831 

Evelyn, John. ( Sylva. ) Memoirs edited by Bray, 1818 1620 .. 1 706 

Evelyn, John, son. Scholar and Poetical Writer 1654. . 1698 

Everard, Johannes Secundus. Dutch Statesman. (Basia) 1511 . .1536 

Everdingen, Albert van. Dutch Painter 1621 . . 1675 

Everdingen, Caesar van. Dutch Painter 1606. . 1679 

Everett, Alexander Hill. Amer. Diplomatist & Scholar 1792. .1847 
Everett, Edward. American Statesman and Orator 1794- • 1865 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 151 

BORN. DIED. 

Evremond, St. See St. Evremond. Soldier and Writer 1613. .1703 

Ewald, John. Danish Poet .,. 1743- - 1 / 81 

Ewing, Greville. Scottish Divine and Lexicographer i7 6 7- .1841 

Ewing, John. American Divine and Natural Philosopher 1732. .1802 

Ewliya Effendi. Turkish Traveler 161 1 .. 1679? 

Exelmans, Remi Joseph Isidore, Baron. Marshal 1775- -1852 

Exmouth, Edw. Pellew,Visc. Admiral. L. by Osier, 1833 1 757 .. 1833 

Expilly, Claude d', of Grenoble. Lawyer and Writer 1561 . . 1636 

Expilly, John Joseph. Geographer and Traveler 1 719 . . 1 793 

Eyck, Hubert van. Flemish Painter 1366. . 1426 

Eyck, John van, brother. John of Bruges. Painter 137°- • 1 44 I 

Eyck, Margaret van. sister. Painter — • • i43° ? 

Eykens, Peter. The Old. Painter of Antwerp 1 599 • • l6 49 

Eyre, Rev. Charles. Biblical Scholar, Poet, Journalist . . 1784?. 1864 

Eyries, J. Baptist. Benedict. French Writer 1767- • 1846 

Ezekiel. Hebrew Prophet 6th & 7th c.b.c. 

Ezra. Jewish Lawgiver 5th c b. c. 



152 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 



F. 

BORN. DIED. 

Faber, Anthony. Jurist. See Favre 1557. ,1624 

Faber, Basil. German Protestant Divine. ( Thesaurus). 1520. .1575 
Faber, Dr. Fred. Win., of the Brompton Oratory. Poet. . . 1815 . . 1863 

Faber, Rev. George Stanley. Divine 1773- -1854 

Faber, John. Malleus Hereticorum. German Divine. . . . 1470?. 1541 

Faber, Nicholas. See Fevre. French Philologist A 544- • » 12 

Faber, Tanaquil. See Fevre, Tannegui le ,. 1615 . . 1672 

Faber Stapulensis. See Lefevre, James, of Etaples. . . . 1455?. 1537 
Fabert, Abraham. Marshal of France. Life by J. Barre 1599. .1662 

Fabian, or Fabyan, Robert. Historian 1450?. 1 512 

Fabianus. Bishop of Rome (236-50) — . . 250 

Fabius Maximus, Q. Dictator and six times Consul. . . aft.296 B.C. 
Fabius Maximus, Q. Cunctator. Opponent of Hannibal — B.C. 203 

Fabius Pictor, Q. Roman Historian fl. 225-216 b.c. 

624 

753 



Fabre, or Faber, Anthony. Jurist 1557 . 

Fabre, John Claude. Ecclesiastical History "Writer 1668. . 

Fabre d'Fglantine, Philip Francis Nazaire. French 

Revolutionist and Author 1755 . . 

Fabretti, Raphael. Antiquary 1619. . 

Fabri, Honore\ Jesuit Philosopher 1607?. 

Fabriano, Francis di Gentile da. Italian Painter i37o ? . 

Fabricius, Caius. Consul. Opponent of Pyrrhus aft.275 

Fabricius, David. German Astronomer and Divine .... 1564. . 
Fabricius, George. Latin Poet and Antiquary-. (Rome) 1516. . 

Fabricius, James. Physician and Mathematician 1577. . 

Fabricius, Jerome, of Aquapendente. Physician 1537. . 

Fabricius, John (son of David). Astronomer — .. 

Fabricius, John Louis. Swiss Divine and Diplomatist. . . 1632. . 
Fabricius, John Albert. Scholar. (Bibliotheca Graica.) 

Life by H. S. Reimarus, 1737 1668. . 

Fabricius, John Christian. Danish Entomologist *743- • 

Fabricius, Vincent. German Latin Poet 1612. . 

Fabricius, William. Hildanus. German Surgeon 1560.. 

Fabris, Nicholas. Italian Mechanician I 739- ■ 

Fabroni, Angelo. Biographer. Life by Pozzett 1732.. 

Fabroni, John Valentine Mathias. Italian Naturalist. . . 1752. . 

Fabrot, Charles Annibal. French Jurist 1581 . . 

Fabry* John Baptist Germain. French Writer 1780. . 

Fabyan, or Fabian, Robert. Historian i45° ? - 

Facchetti, Peter. Painter of Mantua 1535 . . 

Facciolato, or Facciolati, James. Grammarian 1682. . 

Facini, Peter. Historical Painter of Bologna*. 1560. . 

Facio, or Fazio, Bartholomew. Italian Scholar and Hist. 1400?. 

Faernus, Gabriel. Italian Critic and Latin Poet — . . 

Fagan, Christopher Bartholomew. French Comic Author 1702. . 
Fage, Raymond de la. French Engraver and Designer. . 1656. . 

Fagel, Gaspar. Dutch Statesman 1629. . 

Fagel, Francis Nicholas, nephew. Dutch General — . . 

Fagius, Paul. German Reformer 1504. . 

Fagnaui, Prosper. Italian Canonist 1598- • 



794 
700 
688 
450 

B.C. 
617 

571 
652 
619 
625 
697 

73^ 
807 

667 

634 
8oi 
803 
822 
659 
821 
512 

613 
769 
602 

457 
561 

755 
690 
688 
71S 

678 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 153 



BORN. DIED. 



Fagnano, Julius Charles, Countof. Italian Mathematician 1682. .1766 

Fagon, Guy Crescent. Physician and Botanist 1638. . 1718 

Fagundy, Stephen. Portuguese Jesuit; Casuist 1577?. 1645 

Fahie, Sir William Charles. Admiral 1763. . 1833 

Fahrenheit, Gabriel Daniel. Philosopher 1686. .1736 

Faidit, Anselm. Troubadour — . . 1220? 

Faille, Germain de la. Fr. Hist. {History of Toulouse) 1616..1711 

Fairfax, Edward. Poet. Translator of Tasso — . . 1632? 

Fairfax, Robert. Musical Composer ti.Hen.vn. & vin. 

Fairfax, Thos.,Lord. Parliamentary General. L. by self 1611..1671 
Fairfax, Thomas. Sixth Baron Fairfax of Cameron. . . . i69o ? .i782 

Faistenberger, Anthony. Painter of Innspruck 1678. .1722 

Faithorne, William. Painter and Engraver i6i6 ? . 1691 

Falcandus, Hugo. {History of Sicily) fl. 1 190' 



Falek, Anthony Renard. Dutch Statesman 1776 

Falconberg, Mary, Countess of. Daughter of Cromwell — . 

Falcone, Ancillo. Italian Battle-Painter 1600 

Falcone, da Benevento. Italian Chronicler fl. 115 

Falconer, Sir Alex., cr. Lord Halkertoun. Scot. Judge. — . . 
Falconer, Sir David. Ld. Pres. Scotland. {Decisions). . 1639. . 
Falconer, Hugh. M. d. Botanist and Palaeontologist. . . . 1809. . 
Falconer, Sir James. Lord Phesdo. Scottish Judge. ... — 
Falconer, Thos., of Bath. Edit, of Strabo. ( Voy. ofHanno) 1772. . 
Falconer, Thomas. ( Voyage of H anno ; Chronol. Tables) 1736. . 
Falconer, William. Poet. {Shipwreck.) Life by Mitford 1730?. 
Falconer, Wm., m. d., of Bath. Med. & Chemical Writer 1743. • 
Falconet, Camille. French Physician & Book Collector 1671. . 

Falconet, Stephen Maurice. French Sculptor 1716. . 

Falda, John Baptist. Italian Engraver 1640?. 

Faleti, Jerome, of Savona. Poet and Statesman 1518?. 

Falieri, Marino. Doge of Venice 1278. . 

Falk, John Daniel. German Philanthropist and Author . 1768. . 

Falk, John Peter. Swedish Botanist I7 2 7- • 

Falkenstein, John Henry. German Antiquarv 1682. . 

Falkland, Henry Cary, 1st Visct. Ld. Dep.of Irel.,& Writ. — .. 
Falkland, Lucius Cary, Viscount, son; slain at Newbury i6io y . 

Falkner, Thomas. Jesuit Missionary to Paraguay 1710. . 

Falle, Rev. Philip, of Jersey. {History of Jersey) 1655 . . 

Fallopius, or Faloppio, Gabriel. Anatomical Discoverer 1523?. 

Fallows, Fearon. Astronomer — 

Fals, or Falz, Raymond. Medal Engraver 1658. . 

Falster, Christian. Danish Critic fl. 171 

Fanconrt, Samuel. Dissenting Minister and Writer. . . . 1678 
Fane, Rob. Geo. Cecil. Commiss. of Bankruptcy. Leg. Wr. 1795 

Faneuil, Peter. American Merchant 1 700 

Fanning, David. American Freebooter 1756 

Fanshawe, Ann, Lady. Life by Sir N. H. Nicolas, 1829 1625 

Fanshawe, Sir Richard. Statesman and Poet 1608 

Fant, Eric Michael. Swedish Archaeologist and Historian 1754 
Fardella, Mich. Angelo. Naturalist and Astron. at Padua 1650 
Fare, Chas. Aug., Marquis de la. French Poet and Writer 1644 
Farel, William. French Reformer. Life by D. Ancillon 1489 

Faret, Nicholas. French Academician 1600 

Farey, John. Geologist 1766 



843 

712 

663 

o? 

671 

685 

865 

705 

839 

792 

769 

824 

762 

791 

700 ? 

564 

355 
826 

774 
760 

633 

643 
784 
742 
562 
832 
703 
-3i 
768 
864 

743 

825 

679 
666 
817 
718 
712 

565 
646 
826 



154 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORS. DIED. 

Farey, John. Civil Engineer 1791 . . 1851 

Faria y Souza, Manuel de. Portuguese Historian & Poet 1590. .1649 

Farinaccio, Prosper. Italian Law Writer 1554. .1618 

Farinato, Paul, of Verona. Painter 1525 . . 1606 

Farinelli. Carlo Broschi. Neapolitan Singer 1705 . .1782 

Faringdon, Anthony. Divine. Life by T. Jackson, 1849 1596. . 1658 

Farington, George. Historical Painter 1754. . 178S 

Farington, Joseph, brother. Landscape Painter — . . 1818 

Farnier, Hugh. Dissenting Divine. Life by Dodson. .. 1714. .1787 
Farmer, John. American Genealogist and Antiquary .... 1789. .1838 

Farmer, Richard, d. d. Critic and Scholar 1735 • • I 797 

Farnaby, Thomas. Schoolmaster and Classical Editor. . 1575. .1647 

Farnese, Alexander. Third Duke of Parma 1546. -1592 

Farnese, Alexander. Cardinal. Ambassador 1520. .1589 

Farnese, Octavius. Second Duke of Parma i52o y . 1585 

Farnese, Peter Louis. First Duke of Parma (1545-47) . . 1490?. 1547 

Farneworth, Ellis. Historical Translator — . .1763 

Farnham, Thomas J. American Traveler and Writer. . 1804. . 1848 

Farquhar, George. Comic Writer 1678 . . 1 707 

Farrant, Richard. Composer of Church Music — . .1585? 

Farrar, John. American Mathematician 1779- • 1853 

Farren, Eliza. Actress, afterwards Countess of Derby . . 1759. .1829 

Farren, William. Comedian ". . . . 1791?. 1861 

Fastolff, Sir John. Commander i378 ? - 1459 

Fatio de Duillers, Nicholas. Swiss Geometrician and 

Religious Enthusiast 1664. .1753 

Faucher, Leon. French Political Economist 1803. . 1854 

Fauehet, Claude. French Historian 153° • • 1601 

Fauchet, Claude. French Bishop and Politician 1744- • 1793 

Faucheur, Michael le. French Prot. Divine & Preacher. — . . 1667 

Faulkner, George. Irish Printer and Author 1700?. 1775 

Fauques, Marianne Agnes de. Mme.de Vaucluse. Romanc.1720 aft. 1777 
Faur, Gu} r de. Lord of Pibrach. Advocate. ( Quatrains) 1529. .1584 
Fauriel, Claude. Fr. Hist, and Belles-lettres Writer... 1772.. 1844 
Faust, or Fust, John. One of the Inventors of Printing . . — ..1470? 

Faust, or Faustus, Dr. John. Occult Philosopher fl. 15 50? 

Fausta, Flavia Maximiniana. Wife of Constantine — . . 327 

Faustina, Annia Galeria. TheElder. W. of Antoninus Pius 105?. 141 
Faustina, Annia, daughter. The Younger. Wife of 

Marcus Aurelius — .. 175 

Faustina, Bordone. Italian Singer 1702. .1783 

Favart, Charles Simon. French Poet 1710. .1792 

Favart, Mary Justine Benoite. French Comic Actress. . 1727. .1772 

Faversham, Hamo de. Aristotelian Philosopher — . .1244 

Favolius, Hugo. Dutch Phvsician and Poet 1523. .1585 

Favorinus. Platonic Philosopher fl.ti.Traj.& Hadr. 

Favorinus, Narinus. ( Thesaurus Lingual Graicaz) 1450?. 1537 

Bavras, Thomas Mahi, Marquis of. French Conspirator 

against the Revolution 1745 • • I 79° 

Favre, or Faber, Anthony, of Savoy. Jurist. ( Codex Fa- 

brianus) 1557. .1624 

Favre, Claude. Lord de Vaugelas. Writ, on Fr. Language. 1585?. 1650 

Fawcett, John. Actor 1768. . 1837 

Fawcett, Sir Wm. General. Governor of Chelsea Hosp. 1728. .1804 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 155 

BORN. DIED. 

Fawkes, Rev. Francis. Writer and Class. Poet; Transl. 1721. .1777 

Fawkes, Guy. Conspirator — . . 1606 

Faxardo, Diego Saavedra. Span. Author and Statesman 1584. .1648 
Fay, Chas. Francis de Cisternai du. Natural Philosopher 1698. .1739 

Faydit, Anselm. Troubadour — . . 1220? 

Faydit, Peter. French Theologian and Historian 1649. .1709 

Fayette, Louisa de la. French Maid of Honor ,. . . i6i6 ? . 1665 

Fayette, Mary Magd. de la Vergne, Countess of. Novelist 1632. . 1693 
Fazio, Bartholomew. Italian Hist. (DeViris Illustribus) 1400?. 1457 

Fearn, John. Metaphysician fl. 1812-15 

Fearne, Charles. Law Writer. ( Contingent Remainders) 1749. .1794 
Featley, or Fairclough, Rev. Daniel. Controv. Divine. . 1582. .1645 

Fecht, or Fechtius, Juhn. Lutheran Divine 1636. .1716 

Feckenham, John de. Abbot cf Westminster — . .1585 

Federici, Camillo. Italian Dramatist 1749- • 1& 02 

Fedor I. Ivanovitch. Czar of Russia (1584-98) 1557. .1598 

Fedor II. Alexeijevitch. (1676-82) 1657. . 1682 

Feijoo, Francis Benedict Jerome. Spanish Moralist. 

( Teatro Critico) 1701 . . 1764 

Feith, Rhynvis. Dutch Writer and Poet 1753. . 1824 

Fejer, Gyorgy. Hungarian Writer 1766. . — 

Felibien, Andrew. Historiographer 1619. . 1695 

Felibien, James. {Pentateuchus Historicus) 1636. .1716 

Felibien, John Francis. (Lives of Celebrated Architects) 1658?. 1733 

Felibien, Michael, of St. Maur. (History of Paris) 1666. .1719 

Felice, Fortune" Barthelemy de. (Encyclop. of Yverdun) 1723. .1789 

Felix, Antonius or Claudius. Procurator of Judaea — aft.62A.D. 

Felix, M. Minutius. Roman Lawyer. ( Octavius) fl. a.d.23o ? 

Felix I. Pope (269-274 '0- Saint —..274? 

Felix II. (355.) Antipope ; expelled — . . 365 

Felix III. (or n.) Pope (483-92) — . . 492 

Felix IV. (or III.) (526-30) — . . 530? 

Fell, John, d. d. Dean of Christ Church & Bp. of Oxford 1625 . . 1686 

Fell, John. Dissenting Minister 1735. • *797 

Fell, Samuel, d. d. Dean of Christ Church 1594- • 1649 

Fellenburg, Emanuel de. Educationist 1771-- 1844 

Feller, Francis Xavierde. Ex- Jesuit. (Hist. Dictionary) 1735. .1802 

Feller, Joachim Frederick. (House of Brunswick) 1673 . .1726 

Fellowes, Robert, ix. D. Religious and Political Writer 1770. .1847 

Fellows, Sir Charles. Classical Archaeologist 1799- • i860 

Feltham, Owen. (Resolves.) Life by Cumming, 1806 .. i6io ? . 1678? 
Felton, Cornelius Conway. Amer. Author and Educator 1807. .1S62 

Felton, Henry, D. D. Divine 1679. • 1740 

Feltre, Hen. Jas. Wm. Clarke, Duke de. Marshal of Fr. 1765. .1818 
Fenelon, Francis de Salignac de la Mothe. Archbishop. 

L. by Card. Bausset, 1812 ; Chas. Butler ; A. M. Ramsay 1651 . .1715 

Fenin, Peter de. Chronicler — . . 1433 

Fenn, Lady Eleanor. Writer of Books for the Young. . 1743?. 1813 

Fenn, Sir John. Antiquary 1 739 . . 1 794 

Fenner, William. Puritan Divine 1560. . 1640? 

Fenouillot de Falbaire, Charles Geo. Fr. Dramatist 1727. .1S00 

Fenton, Edward. Naval Commander 1550?. 1603 

Fenton, Elijah. Poet 1683.. 1730 

Fenton, Sir Geoffrey. Writer and Statesman — . . 1608 



156 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Fenwick, Rev. George. (Hebrew Titles of the Psalms). . — ..1760 

Ferdinand I. King' of Aragon. The Just 1373- • i4 l( > 

Ferdinand H. (V. of Castile and Leon). The Catholic. . 1452. .1516 
Ferdinand I. King of Castile and Leon. The Great. . — . .1065 

Ferdinand II. Life by Pineda — . . 1 188 

Ferdinand III. Saint 1200. . 1252 

Ferdinand IV 1285 . . 1312 

Ferdinand V. (II. of Aragon). The Catholic. Husband 

of Isabella. Life by Carvajal ; Prescott I 45 2 - -1516 

Ferdinand VI. King of Spain (1746-59) 1713- -1759 

Ferdinand VII 1784. . 1833 

Ferdinand I. Emperor (1558-64). Life by Jas. Masen 1503. .1564 

Ferdinand U., grandson. (1619-37) 1578. .1637 

Ferdinand III., son. (1637-57) 1608.. 1657 

Ferdinand I. King of Naples 1423 . . 1494 

Ferdinand II — . . 1496 

Ferdinand III. (V. of Castile and Leon). The Catholic 1452. .1516 

Ferdinand I. King of the Two Sicilies 1751 . .1825 

Ferdinand II. Bomba 1810. . 1859 

Ferdinand, Charles, of Bruges. Poet and Philosopher. 

( T ranquillitas Animi) I 45 0? • *496 

Ferdinand, John. Jesuit of Toledo. (Script. Thesaurus) 1536?. 1595 

Ferdinand de Cordova. Scholar 1420?. 1480? 

Ferdinand!, Epiphanius. Medical "Writer 1569. . 1638 

Ferdusi. Persian Poet 940. . 1020? 

Ferg, or Fergire, Francis Paul. German Painter 1689. . 1740 

Ferguson, Adam, ll. d. ( History of the Roman Republic) 1 724 . . 1816 
Ferguson, James. Natural Philosopher and Astronomer 1710. .1776 
Ferguson, Robt. Ejected Nonconf.,Divine and Politician — .-1714 
Ferguson, Robt. Poet. L. by Peterkin; D.Irving, 1799 1750?. 1774 
Ferguson, Robert, m. d. Med. Writ. (Puerperal Fever) . 1799. .1865 

Ferguson, William. Scottish Artist — . . 1690 

Ferishtah, Mohammed Casim. Persian Historian 1570?. 1626? 

Fermat, Peter de. Mathematician, Poet, and Civilian . . 1601. .1665 

Fernior, William, Count von. Russian General 1704. .1771 

Fernandez, Alfonso. Spanish Ecclesiastical Historian . . — ..1640 
Fernandez, Anthony. Port. Miss, in India and Abyssinia — . . 1642 
Fernandez, Juan. Spanish Navigator and Discoverer. . fl. 1572 
Fernandez Ximenes de Wavarette, John. Painter. . . 1524?. 1577 

Feme, Sir John. Antiquary — . . i6io ? 

Fernel, or Fernelius, John Francis. Fr. Medical Writer 1497. .1558 
Ferracino, Barthol. It. Mechanician. L. by Memo, 1764 1692. .1777 

Ferrajuoli, Nunzio. Italian Painter 1660. .1735 

Ferrand, Anthony. French Poet 1678. .1719 

Ferrand, Anthony Francis Claude, Ct. Fr. Polit. & Hist. 1751 . .1825 
Ferrand, James. French Physician. (Distemper of Love) fl. 1622 

Ferrand, James Philip. French Painter in Enamel 1653?. 1732 

Ferrand, Louis. French Theologian 1645 . . 1699 

Ferrar, Nicholas; friend of G. Herbert. Life by Ferrar; 

Jebb and Mayor, 1857 I59 2 - • ^37 

Ferrar, Robert. Bishop of St. David's. Martyr — . .1555 

Ferrara, Andrea de. Swordsmith in Scotland". fl.ti.Jas.iv.or v. 

Ferrara, Renee of France, Duchess of. See Ren^e 1 5 10. . 1575 

Ferrari, Francis Bernardin. Book-Collector and Scholar 1577?. 1669 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 157 



BORN 

Ferrari, Gaudentio, of Milan. Painter 1484 

Ferrari, John Andrew. Italian Painter .' 1599 

Ferrari, John Baptist, of Sienna. Syriac Scholar 1584 

Ferrari, Louis, of Bologna. Mathematician 1522 

Ferrari, Octavian. Ital. Archseol. {De Orig. Romanorum) 1518 

Ferrari, Octavius, of Milan. Archaeologist 1607 

Ferraris, Joseph, Count de. Austrian Field Marshal. . . . 1726 

Ferrars, Edward. Warwickshire Poet — 

Ferrars, George. Historian, Poet, and Courtier 1512 

Ferrars, Henry. Poet and Antiquary of Warwickshire. . 1549 

Ferrato, Sasso. John Baptist Said. Painter 1605 

Ferreira, Antonio. Portuguese Poet. (Inesde Castro). . . 1528 
Ferreras, John de. Span. Historian. {History of Spain) 1652 
Ferreti, Emilius. Italian Jurist. ( Opera Juridica) .... 1489 
Ferreti, John Baptist, of Vicenza. {Musce Lapidarice). . 1639 

Ferreto, of Vicenza. Historian and Poet 1296 

Ferri, Ciro. Roman Fresco Painter 1634 

Ferri, Paul, of Metz. Protestant Divine and Preacher. . 1591 

Ferriar, John. Physician and Writer 1764 

Ferrier, Arnold du. French Lawyer and Diplomatist. . . 1506 

Ferrier, Claude de. Civilian 1639 

Ferrier, John. French Jesuit and Anti- J ansenist — 

Ferrier, J. F. Writer on Moral Philosophy 1806 

Ferrier, Louis. French Poet 1652 

Ferrier, Mary. Novelist. {Marriage) 1782 

Ferriere, Claude de, of Paris. Jurist 1639 

Ferron, Arnauld le. French Latin Writer 1515 

Fersen, Axel. Ct 1755 

Ferte-Senneterre, Henry, Duke de. Marshal of France 1600 

Ferns, John, of Metz. Wild. Commentator — 

Fesch, Joseph, Cardinal. Archhishop of Lyons 1763 

Fessenden, Thomas Green. American Author 1771 

Feti, Dominic. II Mantuano. Painter 1589 

Feucheres, Sophia de, Baroness 1795 

Feuerbach, Paid Jos. Anselm. Ger. Writ, on Crim. Law 1775 
Feuill6e, Louis. Fr. Naturalist, Geographer, and Math. 1660 
Feuquiere, Anthony de Pas, Marquis de. Milit. Writer 1648 
Feurborn, Justus, of Westphalia. Protestant Theologian 1587 

Feutsking, John Henry. German Writer 1672 

Fevardentius, or Fewardent, Francis. Controv. Divine 1541 

Fevre, Anne le. Madame Dacier, which see 1654 

Fevre, Anthony le. French Statesman and Ambassador 1555 

Fevre, Claude le. French Painter in England 1633 

Fevre, Guy le, Sieurdela Broderie. Fr. Oriental, and Poet 1541 
Fevre, James le, of Etaples. See Faber Stapulensis .... 1455 

Fevre, Nicholas le. French Philologist 1544 

Fevre, Nicholas le. French Jesuit; Divine and Critic. .. — 

Fevre, Roland le. French Painter 1605 

Fevre, Tannegui le. Tanaquil Faber 161 5 

Fevret, Charles. French Civilian 1583 

Fevret de Fontette, Charles Man-. Lawyer and Writer 1710 
Few, Col. William. American Revolutionary Officer. . . 1748 

Feydeau, Matthew. Jansenist Writer 1616 

Feyjoo, or Feijoo, Benedict Jerome. The Spanish Addison 1701 



55° 
[669 

655 

5^5 
586 
[684 
814 
564 
579 
633 
685 
569 

735 
552 
:682 

335 ? 
:6S 9 

669 
815 
585 

715 
674 
:86 4 
721 
854 
715 
563 
810 
681 

5,54 
839 
837 
624 

833 
73 2 
711 
656 

7i3 
641 
720 
:«i 5 

675 
598 

537 
612 

755 
677 
672 
661 
772 
828 
694 
764 



158 A BEIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. 

Fiamm i ngo, Arrigo. Flemish Artist 1523? 

Fiard, J. Bapt. French Demonologist 1736. 

Fiasella, Dominic. Sarezena. Historical Painter 1589. 

Fichard, John, of Frankfort. Lawyer and Biographer. . 15 12. 
Fichte, John Theoph. Metaphysician. L. by W. Smith 1762. 

Ficinus, Marsilius. Italian Platonic Philosopher 1433- 

Ficoroni, Francis. Roman Medalist and Antiquary 1664. 

Ficquelmont, Charles Louis, Count. Austrian States- 
man and General 1777. 

Fidanza, John. St. Bonaventure, which see 1221 . 

Fiddes, Richard, d. d. Divine 1671 . 

Field, John. Proto-Copernican of England. L. by Hunter — . 

Field, Nathaniel. Actor and Dramatist — . 

Field, Richard, r>. d. ( The Church.) Life by his son. ... 1561 . 

Fielding, Copley Vandyke. Landscape Painter 1787. 

Fielding, Henry. Novelist. L. by Murphv; Lawrence, 1855 1707. 

Fielding, Sir John. Magistrate and Writer — . 

Fielding, Miss Sarah. Novelist 1714. 

Fiennes, Nathaniel. Republican Polit., and Commander 1608. 
Fiennes, Win., Ld. Say and Sele. Writer and Statesman 1582. 
Fienus, or Fyens, Thomas. Medical Writer at Louvain . 1567. 

Fieschi, John Louis d\ Genoese Conspirator I S 2 3' 

Fiesole, Fra Giovanni da. Beato Angelico. Painter 1387. 

Fievee, Joseph. French Politician and Author 1767. 

Figg, James. Prizefighter — . 

Figino, Ambrose. Italian Painter 1550 . aft 

Figrelius, Edmimd. Swedish Scholar and Historian ... — . 
Filangieri, Gaetano. Ital. Publicist. {On Legislation). . 1752. 
Filelfo, Francis. Ital. Schol. & Hist. L. by Rosmini,1808 1398. 

Filesac, John. Doctor of the Sorbonne i55° : 

Filicaja, Vincenzo da. Florentine Poet. {Siege of Vienna) 1642. 
Filipepi, Saudro, or Alessandro. Botticelli. Ital. Painter 1437. 

Fillans, James. Scottish Sculptor 1808. 

Filmer, Sir Robert. Political Writer. (Patriarcha). ... — . 
Finaeus, Orontius. Fine. French Mathematical Writer 1494. 

Finch, Anne, Countess of Winchelsea. Poet i66o ? 

Finch, Daniel, Second Earl of Nottingham. Statesman. 1647. 

Finch, Francis Oliver. Painter in Water Colors — . 

Finch, Heneage, First E. of Nottingham. Ld. Chancellor 1621 . 

Finch, Rev. Robert. Antiquary 1783. 

Finck, Thomas. Danish Phvsician and Mathematician. . 1561. 

Finden, William. Engraver 1787. 

Fine, Oronce. Finceus. French Mathematician 1494- 

Fingal. Prince of Morven 282? 

Finiguerra, Thomas. Florentine Goldsmith and Sculptor i4io ? 

Finlay, John. Scottish Poet 1782. 

Finlayson, George. Surgeon, Naturalist, and Traveler. . 1790? 
Finley, James Bradley. Amer. Clergyman and Author. 1781. 
Finley , Robert, d. d. Amer. Scholar and Philanthropist. 1772. 

Finley, Samuel, d. d. American Educator '. . 1715 . 

Fiori, Mario de, Italian Flower Painter 1603. 

Fiorillo, John Dominic. German Painter and Writer . . 1748. 

Firenzuola, Angelo. Italian Poet 1493 . 

Finnicus Maternus, Julius. Christian Writer fl. 334 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 159 



BORX. 

Firmilian. Bishop of Caesarsea (233-69) 200? 

Firmin, Giles. Eject. Nonconf. & Phys. {Real Christian) 161 7 . 

Firmin, Thomas. Benefactor. Life by Cornish, 1780. . . 1632. 

Fischer, Charles von, of Munich. Architect 1782. 

Fischer von Erlach, John Bernard. Archt. of Vienna. 1650. 

Fish, Simon. English Reformer. (Supplication of Bec/gars) — . 

Fisher, John. Bishop ofRoch. L. by Dr. Rd. Hail; J.Lewis 1459. 

Fisher, John. Bishop of Salisbury 1748 . 

Fisher, Payne. Paganus Piscator. Poet-Laureate 1616. 

Fisher, Thomas. Antiquary 1772 . 

Fisk, Wilbur, d.d. American Clergyman and Educator. 1792. 

Fitch, John. American Inventor 1743- 

Fitzgerald, Ld. Edward. Revolutionist. Life by T. Moore 1763. 

Fitzgerald, Lady Edward. Pamela — . 

Fitzgibbon, John, Earl of Clare. Lord. Chanc. of Ireland 1749. 

Fitzherbert, Sir Anthony. Lawyer — > . 

Fitzherbert, Maria Anna, Mrs. Life by Langdale, 1856 1756. 

Fitzherbert, Nicholas. {Life of Cardinal Allen) 1550? 

Fitzherbert, Thomas. Roman Catholic Controversialist 1552. 

Fitzjames, James, Dk. Berwick. Military Commander. . 1670. 

Fitzjocelin, Reginald. Archbishop of Canterbury (1191) 1141. 

Fitzpatrick, Richard. General and Statesman 1747- 

Fitzroy, Jas., Duke of Monmouth. Life by Roberts, 1844 1649. 

Fitzroy, Robert. Admiral. Meteorologist 1805 . 

Fitzstephen, William. Historian. (London) — . 

Fitz william, Richard. Viscount, (m. a. 1764.) Foun- 
der of Fitzwilliam Museum — . 

Fitzwilliam, Wm.,E. of Southampton. Naval Command. — . 

Fitzwilliam, William Wentworth, Second Earl of. States- 
man. Founder of Fitzwilliam Museum 1 748 . 

Fixmillner, Placidiis. German Astronomer and Canonist 1721 . 

Fizes, Anthony. Medical Writer at Montpellier 1690. 

Flaccus, C. Valerius. Poet. (Argonautica) — 

Flacius niyricus. Matthias Francowitz. Divine 1520. 

Flambard, Ralph. Bp. of Dur. (1099-1128). Justiciary. — . 

Flameel, or Flamel,Bertholet. Historical Painter of Liege 1614. 

Flamel, Nicholas, of Paris. Alchemist and Benefactor . . — . 

Flaminio, John Anthony, of Bologna. Orator, Poet, Hist. 1464? 

Flaminio, Mark Anthony. Latin Poet. ( Carmina Sacra) 1498. 

Flaminius, Caius. Censor. Constructor of ViaFlaminia — 21 

Flaminius, Nobilius. Italian Divine and Critic I 53 2 - 

Flaminius,T. Quint. Consul. Victor at Cynoscephalse. .230 ? b. 

Flamsteed, John. Astronomer 1646? 

Flandrin, John Hippolytus. French Painter 1809? 

Flandrin, Peter. French Veterinary Writer 1752. 

Flatman, Thomas. Poet 1633? 

Flaust, John Baptist, of Rouen. ( Usage of Normandy) . . 1711? 

Flavel, John. Ejected Nonconformist Divine 1627? 

Flaxman, John. Sculptor. Life by Teniswood, 1864. . . 1755. 

Flechier, Esprit. Bishop of Nismes. Preacher 1632. 

Flecknoe, Richard. Poet — . 

Fleetwood, Chas. Lord Deputy of Irel. and Pari. General — . 

Fleetwood, William. Lawyer and Historical Writer ... — . 

Fleetwood, Wm., Bishop of Ely. Scholar & Theologian 1656. 



269 
[697 

'■697 
[820 
724 
53 1? 
535 
1825 
1693 
836 

839 
798 
798 

831 
802 

538 
:837 
:6i2 
[640 

734 
191 

813 

[685 

[865 
191? 

[816 
1542 

*33 

791 

765 

88? 

■575 
128 
[675 
[418 

'536 
: 55 o 

B.C. 

590 
,174 

719 

[864 
796 

688 

783 
i6qi 
[S26 
710 
[678 
[692 

[ 593 
[723 



160 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Fleming, Abraham. Poetical "Writer & Class. Translator .fl.1575— 1589 

Fleming, Caleb. Unitarian Writer 1698. .1779 

Fleming, John. Scottish Naturalist 1785 . . 1857 

Fleming, Marjorie. Pet. Life by J. Brown, m. d 1803. . 181 1 

Fleming, Patrick. Irish Roman "Ecclesiastic *599- • 1631 

Fleming, Robert. Scottish Pastor in Holland. {Fulfilling 

of the Scriptures) 1630 . . 1694 

Fleming, Robt. Scot. Past, in Lond. (RisetfFall of Papacy) — ..1716 
Flemyng, Richard. Bishop of Lincoln (1419-31). Oppo- 
nent of Lollards. Founder of Lincoln College — . . 1431 

Fletcher, Abraham. Mathem. ( Universal Measurer) . . 1714. .1793 
Fletcher, Rev. Alexander, d. d. Presbyterian Divine. . . 1787?. i860 
Fletcher, Andrew, of Saltoun. Scottish Politician. Life 

by D. S. Erskine, 1792 1653. .1716 

Fletcher, Giles, ll. d. Envoy. (Russian Commonwealth) — . .1610 
Fletcher, Giles, br. of Phineas. Poet. ( Christ's Victory) 1588?. 1623 

Fletcher, James. Historian. (History of Poland) 181 1 . . 1832 

Fletcher, John. Poet; Colleag. of Beaumont. L. by Dyce 1576. .1625 
Fletcher, Rev. John Wm. (Oiecks to Antinomianism) . . 1729.. 1785 

Fletcher, Phineas. Poet. (Purple Island) 1584?. 1650? 

Fletcher, Richard. Bishop of London — . . 1596 

Fleury, Andrew Hercules de. Cardinal & Prime Minister 1653 .. 1 743 

Fleury, Claude. Abb£. (Histoire Ecclesiastique) 1640. .1723 

Bliedner, Theod. Prus. Clergyman and Philanthropist. 1798. .1864 

Flinders, Matthew. Navigator 1780?. 1814 

Flinek, Govaert, or Godfrey. Dutch Painter 1616. . 1660 

Flint, Rev. Timothy. American Writer 1780. . 1840 

Flipart, John James. French Engraver 1723. .1782 

Flodoard, or Frodoard. Historian 894. . 966 

Flogel, Charles Frederick. German "Writer 1729. .1788 

Flood, Henry, M. p. Irish Orator and Writer 1732. .1791 

Flood, Sir William, m. p. Statesman 1741 • • 1824 

Eloquet, Stephen Joseph. French Musical Composer . . . 1750. .1785 

Florence of Worcester. Historian — ..1118 

Florentino, Stephen. Historical Painter of Florence. . . . 1301?. 1350 

Florez, Henry. Spanish Historian 1701 . .1773 

Florian, John Peter Claris de. French Writer 1755 . . 1794 

Florimond de Remond, of Bordeaux. Lawyer & Writ. —..1602 
Florio, John. The Resolute. Tutor to Prince Henry. Writer 1545?. 1625 

Floris, Francis. Flemish Historical Painter 1520. .1570 

Florus, L. Annasus. (Epitomede Gestis Romanorum). . ti.Traj.&Adrian 
Floyd, Gen. John. American Statesman and Soldier. . . 1769. .1839 

Floyd, Wm. American General 1734. . 1821 

Floyer, Sir John. Physician 1649 . .1734 

Fludd, Robert. DeFluctibus. Rosicrucian Philosopher. . 1574. .1637 
Foes, or Foesius, Anutius. Phys. and Scholar in Lorraine 1528. .1595 

Fogliano, Louis. Folianus. Writer on Music — ..1540? 

Foglieta, or Folieta, Uberto. Genoese Writer 15 18. .1581 

Fohr, Charles Philip. German Landscape Painter 1795. • l8l 8 

Foinard, Fred. Maurice. Fr. Eccles. and Biblical Writer 1683?. 1743 
Foix, Gaston III., Count de, Viscount de Beam. (Plicebus) 1331 . . 1391 
Foix, Gaston de. Thunderbolt of Italy. Commander. ... 1489. .1512 

Foix, Mark Anthony. French Jesuit; Preacher 1627. . 1687 

Foix, Odet de, Lord of Lautrec. French General — . . 1528 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 161 

BORN. DIED. 

Foix, Paul de. Archbishop of Toulouse. Diplomatist .. 1528. .1584 

Folard, John Charles de. French Tactician 1669. .1752 

Folengo, John Bapt. Italian Benedictine ; Biblical Writer 1490.. 1559 
Folengo, Theophilus. Merlin Coccaye. Ital. Burlesque Poet 1491. .1544 

Foley, Sir Thomas. Naval Officer 1757. .1833 

Folianus, Ludovicus. Writer on Music , — . .1540? 

Folkes, Martin. Scholar and Antiquary 1690. .1754 

Follen, August. German Poet i/94- • 1855 

Follen, Charles. German Writer. L. by L. Follen, 1843 1795 • • 1841 

Follett, Sir William Webb. Lawyer 1798. • 1845 

Fonblanque, John de la Grenier. English Lawyer. 

( Treatise on Equity) * 1 759 . . 1837 

Fonblanque, John Samuel Martin. Commissioner of 

Bankruptcy. ( Medical Jurisprudence) 1787. . 1865 

Fonseca, Peter. Portug. Writer. (System of Metaphysics) 1528.. 1599 

Font, Joseph de la. French Comic Writer 1686. .1725 

Font, Peter de la. Fr. Divine. (Entretiens Ecclesiastiques) — ..1699 

Fontaine, Alexis. French Geometer 1705?. 1771 

Fontaine, John de la. French Poet and Fabulist 1621 . . 1695 

Fontaine, Nicholas. French Jansenist 1625 . .1709 

Fontaine, Peter Francis Leonard. French Architect. .. . 1762.. 1853 
Fontaines, Peter Francis Guyot des. French Critic .... 1685. .1745 

Fontana, Charles. Italian Architect x 634- • I 7 I 4 

Fontana, Dominic. Italian Architect J 543- • ^07 

Fontana, Felix. Philosopher and Naturalist 1730- • 1805 

Fontana, Francis, of Naples. Astronomer 1580. . 1656 

Fontana, Gaetano, of Modena. Astronomer 1645 . .1719 

Fontana, Gregory. Mathematician 1735 . . 1803 

Fontana, John. Hydraulic Engineer 1540- • 1614 

Fontana, Lavinia. Italian Portrait Painter 1552. . 1614 

Fontana, Prospero. Italian Historical Painter 15 12. . 1597 

Fontanelle, John Gaspar Dubois. French Writer 1737. . 1812 

Fontanes, Louis de. Orator, Politician, Poet 1757. . 1821 

Fontanges, Marie AngeJique, Dss. of. Fav. of Louis XIV. 1661 . . 1681 
Fontanini, Justus. Archbishop of Ancyra. Writer .... 1666. .1736 
Fonte-Moderata. Modesta Pozzo. Venetian Poetess .. 1555. .1592 

Fontenay, John Baptist Blain de. French Painter 1654. .1715 

Fontenay, Peter Claude. French Jesuit; Writer 1663. .1742 

Fontenay, Theresa de Cabarrus, Marchss. de. Fr. Beauty 1 773 . . 1835 
Fontenelle, Bernard le Bovier de. Poet & Misc. Writ. 1657. .1757 

Fontenu, Louis Francis de. French Writer 1667 . .1759 

Fontius, or Fonti, Bartholomew. Historian of Florence. . 1445. .1513 

Foote, Andrew Hull. American Admiral 1806 . . 1863 

Foote, Sir Edw. James. Admiral 1767. . 1833 

Foote, Jesse. Surgeon and Miscellaneous Writer J743- • 1826 

Foote, Samuel. Comedian. Life by W. Cooke, 1805 . . . i72o ? . 1777 
Foppens, John Francis. Flemish Hist., Biog., and Divine 1689?. 1 761 
Forabosco, Girolamo, of Venice. Portrait Painter. . . i6oo ? .aft.i659 
Forbes, Alexander, Lord, of Pitsligo. (Moral and Philo- 
sophical Essays) — . . 1 762 

Forbes, Duncan. Scottish Judge. Religious Writer. 

Life by J. H. Burton, 1847 1685. .1747 

Forbes, Edward. Naturalist. Life by Wilson 181 5 . . 1854 

Forbes, James. E. I. C Civil Serv. ( Oriental Memoirs) 1749. . 1819 
11 



162 A BEIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN 

Forbes, John, of Corse. (Historico-Theolog. Institutions) 1593 
Forbes, John. Botanist and Trav. ( Climate of Penzance) 1799 

Forbes, Sir John, M. d. Scottish Medical Writer 1787 

Forbes, Patrick. Bishop of Aberdeen (1618-35) 1564 

Forbes, Robert. Bishop of Caithness. Historical Writer — 
Forbes, Sir Wm., of Pitsligo. Banker. {Life of Beattie) 1739 

Forbes, William. Bishop of Edinburgh 1585 

Forbin, Claude, Chevalier de. Admiral. L. by Reboulet 1656 
Forbonnais, Francis Yeron de. French Commercial and 

Financial Writer 1722 

Force, Charlotte Rose de Caumont de la. Poetess 1654 

Force, James N. de Caumont Due de la. Marshal. See 

Laforce 7 1558 

Forcellini, Giles. Lexicographer 1688 

Ford, John. Dramatic Writer. ( Tlie Broken Heart). . . . 1586 

Ford, Sir John. Loyalist and Hydraulic Inventor 1605 

Ford, Richard. TraV. and Writer. {Handbook of Spain) 1796 

Ford, Rev. Simon. Latin Poet 1679 

Fordun, John de. Scottish Historian. (Scotichronicon) — . 

Fordyce, David. Philosopher. ( Theodorus) 1711 

Fordyce, George. Scottish Medical Writer 1736 

Fordyce, James, d.d. (Sermons to Young Women) 1720 

Fordyce, Sir William. Scottish Medical Writer 1724 

Foreest, or Forestus, Peter van. Dutch Medical Writer 1522 
Foreiro, Francis. Portuguese Biblical Commentator. ... — 

Forest, John. French Landscape Painter 1636 

Foresti, E. Felice. Italian Patriot 1793 

Foresti, James Philip. Philip of Bergamo. Chronicler. 1434 
Forkel, John Xich. Musical Writer. (History of 3fusic) 1749 

Forli, Melozzo da. Painter of Forli 1436 

Forman, Simon. Astrologer 1552 

Formey, John Henrv Sam. Pruss. Philos. and Theolog. 171 1 

Formosus. Pope (891-96) — 

Forqueray, Anthony. French Yiolinist 167 1 

Forrest, Thomas. Navigator and Discoverer — 

Forsell, Charles af. Swedish Philanth. and Statistician . 1 783 

Forshal, Rev. Josiah. Biblical Critic 1794 

Forskal, Peter. Swedish Naturalist 1736 

Forster, Frank. Civil Engineer 1800 

Forster, Geo. Traveler. (Journey from Bengal to Eng.) 1754 
Forster, John. Protestant Hebraist, of Wittemberg .... 1495 

Forster, John George Adam. German Traveler 1754 

Forster, John Reinhold. Naturalist and Geographer 1729 

Forster, Nathaniel. Scholar and Divine 171 7 

Forster,. Thomas, of Northumberland. Jacobite 1675 

Forster, Thos. Ignatius Maria. English Meteorologist . 1 789 . ab 
Forstner, Christopher. Austrian Statesman and Writer 1598 
Forsyth, Alex. John. Discov. of the Percussion Principle 1769 

Forsyth, John. American Statesman 1781 

Forsyth, William. Scottish Horticulturist 1737 

Fort, Francis le. Soldier & Statesm. under Peter the Great 1656 
Fortescue, Sir John. Judge. (De Laudibus Legum Anglice) 1395 

Fortiguerra, Nicholas. Italian Bishop and Poet 1674 

Fortis, John Baptist. Naturalist. (Vxaggioin Dalmazia) 1741 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 163 



Fortius, or Fortis, Joachim. Ringelbergius. Scholar. ... — 
Fortoul, Hippolytus Nicholas Honored French Writer. 1811 
Forward, Walter. American Lawyer and Statesman. . . 1786 

Fosbrooke, Rev. Thomas Dudley. Antiquary 1770 

Foscari, Francesco. Doge of Venice (1423-57). Byron's 

Two Foscari 1373 

Foscari, Giacopo, the son — aft 

Foscarini, Mark. Venetian Statesman 1696 

Foscarini, Michael. Venetian Historian 1632 

Foschini, Anthony. Italian Architect 1741 

Foscolo, Nicolo Ugo. Ital. Poet. L. by C Gemelli, 1849 1777 

Fossati, Dominic. Italian Painter 1743 

Fosse, Anthony de la. Fr. Traged. ( Manlius Capitolinus) 1653 

Fosse, Charles de la. French Painter 1640 

Fossombroni, Victor. Italian Mathematician 1754 

Foster, Henry. Navigator 1797 

Foster, Dr. James. Dissenting Preacher 1697 

Foster, John. Essayist. Life by Ryland and Shepherd 1770 

Foster, John, of Liverpool. Architect 1786 

Foster, Rev. John, of Eton. {Accent and Quantity) 1731 

Foster, Sir Mich. Judge. Life by Michael Dodson, 1795 1689 

Foster, Samuel. Gresham Professor of Astronomy — 

Foster, Stephen C. Musical Composer 1826 

Fothergill, Geo., d. d., of St. Edmund's Hall. ' Sermons) 1705 
Fotbergill, John. Physician and Writer. Life by Gil- 
bert Thompson. 1782; Lettsom, 1783 1712 

Fothergill, Samuel. Quaker Controversialist 1705 

Foucault, Nicholas Joseph. French Antiquary. Life by 

self, and F. Baudry, 1862 1643 

Fouche, Joseph, Duke of Otranto. French Revolutionist 1763 

Foucher, Simon. French Writer 1644 

Fouchier, Bertram de. Dutch Painter 1609 

Foucbs, or Fux, John Joseph. German Musical Writer 1660 
Foucquet, Chas. Louis Aug., Duke of Belle-Isle. Marshal 1684 
Foucquet, Nicholas, Marquis of Belle-Isle. Superin- 
tendent of Finances 1615 

Fougeroux, Augustus Denis. French Writer 1732 

Fouillou, James. French Jansenist Writer 1670 

Foulis, Andrew, of Glasgow. Printer — 

Foulis, Robert, brother and colleague — 

Foulon, John Erard. Flemish Theolog. and Hist. Writer 1609 
Foulon, William. Gnaphauis. Dutch Latin Writer .... 1493 

Foulston, John, of Plymouth. Architect 1773 

Fountaine, Sir Andrew. Antiquary, Collector, and Writ. 1680 
Fouque, Fred. Henry Charles de la Motte, Baron. (Sin- 
tram ; Undine) 1777 

Fouque, Henry Aug. de la Motte, Baron. Prussian Gen. 1698 

Fouquieres, James. Flemish Landscape Painter 1580 

Fouquier-Tinville, Anth. Quentiu. Fr. Revolutionist. 1747 
Fourcroy, Anth. Francis de, Ct. Fr. Chem. & Nat. Philos. 1755 
Fourcroy, Charles Rend de. French Officer and Engineer 171 5 

Fourier, Francis Mary Chas. French Socialist 1772 

Fourier, J. Bapt. Jos. Fr. Nat. Phil. ( T/ieo. de la Chaleur) 1768 
Fourmont, Claude Louis. (Htliopolis and Memphis) .... 1703 



DIED. 

i36 
5 5 6 
$42 

Lj.2 

457 

457 
763 
[692 
1803 
:827 
784- 

708 
716 
:844 

831 
753 
^43 

846 

773 
763 
652 
:86 4 
760 

780 
[772 

721 
[S20 
[696 

674 
740? 
761 

:68o 
789 
736 

774 
776 
668 
568 
842 
753 

843 
774 
659 

795 
809 
791 

837 
830 
780 



164 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Fourmont, Michael. Collector of Inscriptions 1690. . 1 746 

Fourmont, Stephen. French Orientalist 1683 . .1745 

Fournier, Peter Simon. Fr. Engraver and Typefounder 17 12. .1768 
Fourquevaux, Raymond of Pavia, Bn. of. Gen. & Writ. 1509. .1574 

Fowler, Christopher. Ejected Nonconformist 161 1 . . 1676 

Fowler, Edw. Bp. of Gloucester. {Design of Christianity) 1632.. 1 714 

Fowler, John. Printer and Writer 1530-'. 1579 

Fowler, Richard. English Physician and Author 1765 . . 1833 

Fowler, Thomas. Medical Writer 1736. . 1801 

Fowler, William. Scottish Poet fl. 1603 

Fox, Charles James. Statesman. Life by R. Fell, 1808 ; 

J. B. Trotter, 1811; Lord J. Russell 1749. .1806 

Fox, Edward. Bishop of Hereford. Statesman — . .1538 

Fox, Rev. Francis, of Reading. (New Test. Explained) — --1738 
Fox, George. Quaker. Life by J. S. Watson; Josiah 

Marsh, 1847 1624. . 1690 

Fox, Henry, First Lord Holland. Statesman 1705 . .1774 

Fox, Henry Watson. Missionary. L. by Geo. T. Fox, 1850 1817. . 1848 

Fox, John. Martyrologist. [Book of Martyrs) 1517..1587 

Fox, Luke. Navigator. ( The North- West Fox) 1 585 . aft. 1635 

Fox, Richard. Bishop of Winchester. Statesman 1466'. 1528 

Fox, Sir Stephen. Statesman 1627.. 1 716 

Fox, Wm. Johnson, m.p. Unitarian Preacher and Author 1786. .1864 

Foy, Maximilian Sebastian. French General 1775 . . 1825 

Fra Bartolomeo di St. Marco. Baccio della Porta. 

Italian Painter 1469 . . 1 5 1 7 

Fracastorius, Hieronymus, of Verona. Poet, Philosopher, 

Astronomer, Physician. ( Syphilis) 1483 . . 1553 

Frachetta, Jerome. Ital. Polit. Writer. (II Seminario) 1560?. 1620 

Fra Diavolo. Michael Pezza. Neapolitan Bandit 1769?. 1806 

Fraguier, Claude Francis, Abbe. Critic & Writ, on Music 1666 . . 1 728 
Framery, Nicholas Stephen. French Musician and Poet 1745. -1810 

Francesca, Peter Borghese della. Italian Painter 1398?. 1483 

Franceschirii, Baldassare. Volterrano. Painter 1621 . .1689 

Franeeschini, Mark Anthony. Historical Painter 1648. .1728 

Francescina, Signora. Italian Singer fl. 1740? 

Franehi, Anthony. Painter of Lucca 1634. .1709 

Franchinus, Gaffurius, of Lodi. Writer on Music 145 1 . .1522 

Francia, Francesco. Baibolini. Painter. Life by Calvi 1450. .1518 

Franeia, James, son. Painter — . .1557 

Francia, Dr. Jos. Caspar Rodriguez. Dictat. of Paraguay 1757?. 1840 
Franciabigio, Mark Anthony. Italian Historical Painter 1483. . 1524 
Francis I. King of France (1515-47). Life by Varillas ; 

Capefigue; Miss Pardoe; G. H. Gaillard, 1769 *494- -1547 

Francis II. (1559-60) 1543.. 1560 

Francis I. Emperor of Germany (1745-65). Of Lorraine 1708. .1765 
Francis H. of Germany (1792-1804) ; I. of Austria (1804- 

1835) 1768. . 1835 

Francis, De Jesu Maria. Spanish Carmelite. ( On the 

Apocalypse) . # . — . . 1677 

Francis, De Victoria. Dominican. (Theol. Prcelectione's) — • .1549 

Francis, John Charles. French Engraver 1717- .1769 

Francis, John Wakefield. Amer. Physician and Author 1789. .1861 
Francis, Lawrence. Abbe\ French Christian Apologist 1698. .1782 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 165 

BORN. DIED. 

Francis, Luke, of Mechlin. Painter 1574. . 1643 

Francis, Luke, son. The Young. Painter 1606?. 1654 

Francis, Rev. Philip, d. d. Poet, Transl. of Horace, &c. — . . 1773 

Francis, Sir Philip, son. Politician and Writer 1740. . 1818 

Francis, Simon, of Tours. Portrait Painter 1606. . 1671 

Francis Romain. Architect and Engineer of Ghent . . . 1646?. 1735 

Francis, St. Be Borqia. Spanish Jesuit 1510. . 1572 

Francis, St. B' Assist. Life by Ph. Arrighetti; Chavin 

de Malan; St. Bonaventure; Peter d'Alva 1 182. .1226 

Francis, St. Be Paulo. Founder of Fratres Minimi. . . 1416. .1507 

Francis, St. Be Sales. Life bv Marsollier 1567 . . 1622 

Francis Xavier, St. Missionary. See Xavier 1506. .1552 

Francius, Peter. Dutch Greek and Latin Poet 1645 • • J 7 4 

Franck von Franckenau, George de. German Scholar 

and Physician !643. .1704 

Francke, August Hermann, of Halle. Lutheran Divine. 

Founder of Orphan House 1663. .1727 

Francken, Christian. Ger.Writ. ( Colloquium J esuiticum) 1549.aft.1595 
Franckenstein, Christian Godfrey, of Leipsic. Writer. . 1661 . . 1717 

Franckenstein, James Augustus, son. Writer 1689. .1733 

Francklin, Thomas, d. d. Miscellaneous Writer 1721 . .1784 

Francks, or Francken, Francis. Old. Flemish Painter. 1544. .1616 
Francks, or Francken, Francis. Young. Flemish Painter 1580. . 1642 
Francks, or Vranx, J. Baptist. Dutch Historical Painter 1600. .1653 

Franco. Magister. German Writer on Music — aft. 1083 

Franco, Baptist. Painter of Venice 1498.. 1 561 

Franco, Nicholas. Italian Satirist 1505 . .1569 

Francois. See Francis. 

Francois de Weufchateau, Nich., Ct. Writer & Polit. 1750. .1828 

Franconi, Anthony. Equestrian Artist *73&- ■ 1836 

Francowitz, Matthias. Flacius Illyricus. Luth. Divine 1520.. 1575 
Frank, John Pet. Ger. Phys. (Systemede Police Medicale) 1745..1821 

Frankland, Thomas. Physician and Historian ^ZZ- .1690 

Franklin, Benjamin. Philosopher. Life by self and W. 
T. Franklin, 1817; J. Sparks, 1840; self and H. H. 

Weld, 1849 1706.. 1790 

Franklin, Mrs. Eleanor Annexe Porden). Authoress . . 1795 • • ^25 
Franklin, Sir John, Rear-Admiral. Arctic Navigator. . . 1786. .1847' 
Franklin, William, son of Benjamin. Last Royal Gov- 
ernor of New Jersey 1731 ? . 1813 

Franks, John Baptist. Painter of Antwerp 1600. .1653 

Franks, Sebastian. Painter of Antwerp 1573?. 1636 

Frantzius, Wolfgang. German Lutheran Divine J 564. . 1628 

Franzen, Francis Michael. Swedish Poet i/7 2 - • 1847 

Fraser, Alexander. Painter 1787?. 1865 

Fraser, James Baillie. Traveler and Novelist 1783. .1856 

Fraser, Simon, Ld. Lovat. Scottish Jacobite. Beheaded. 1667.. 1747 

Frasi, Julia. Italian Singer fl. iSth c. 

Frassen, Claude. Doctor of the Sorbonne 1620. .1711 

Fratellini, Giovanna. Florentine Painter 1666. .1731 

Fratellini, Lawrence Mary, son. Painter 1690 . .1729 

Fraunhofer, Joseph von. Bavarian Optician 1787. . 1826 

Frayssinous, Denis Luc, Count. French Prelate 1765 . . 1841 

Fredegarius. French Historian '. fl. 658 



166 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Fredegonde. Queen of Chilperic, of France 545 ? - 59^ 

Frederic, Colonel, son of Theodore, K. of Corsica. Writer 1730?. 1797 
Frederick I. Emperor (1152-90). Barbarossa. Life by 

Cosmo Bartoli 1121 . .1190 

Frederick II. (1210-50.) Life by Knighton, 1862 1194. . 1250 

Frederick (III.), elected 1314; compet. of Louis of Bavaria — --iSS 

Frederick III. (1440-1493.) The Pacific 1415-. H93 

Frederick I. King of Denmark (1523-33) 1471..1533 

Frederick II. (1558-88) 1534.. 1588 

Frederick III. (1048-70) 1609.. 1670 

Frederick IV. (1699-1730) 1671 . . 1730 

Frederick V. (1746-66) 1723.. 1766 

Frederick VI. (1808-39) 1768. .1839 

Frederick VII. (1848-63) 1808. . 1863 

Frederick V. Elector Palatine. Winter King. Son-in- 
law of James 1 1596. .1632 

Frederick William. Elector of Brandenburg. Great 

Elector. Life by Puffendorf 1620. . 1688 

Frederick I. King of Prussia (1701-13) 1657. .1713 

Frederick William I. (1713-40) 1688. .1740 

Frederick II. (1740-86.) The Great. Life by Dr. J. 
Towers, 1788 ; Lord Dover, 1832 ; Thomas Campbell, 
1841; T. B. Macaulay; Segur; Klopp; T. Carlyle .... 1712. .1786 

Frederick William II. (1786-97) 1744. • 1 7^7 

Frederick William III. (1797-1840) 1770.. 1840 

Frederick William IV (1840-58) 1795.. 1861 

Frederick. Elector of Saxony. The Wise 1463. .1554 

Frederick Augustus I. King of Poland and Elector 

of Saxony (1697-1733) 1670. .1733 

Frederick Augustus II. (1733-63) 1696. .17.33 

Frederick. Pr. of Wales. Life by Dr. J. Campbell, 1751 1707. .1751 

Fredro, Maximilian. Polish Writer — . . 1676 

Freeling, Sir Francis. Secretary to the Post-Office I764 ? .i836 

Freeman, James, d. d. American Unitarian Minister . . 1759.. 1835 

Freeman, John. Painter ti. Chas. 11. 

Fregoso, Baptist. Doge of Genoa (1478). Writer fl. 1478 

Freher, Marquard. German Jurist 1565 . . 1614 

Freigius, John Thomas. German Scholar — . . 1583 

Freind, John, M. d. English Medical Writer 1675 . . 1728 

Fremsheim, or Freinshemius, John. German Critic 1608. . 1660 

Freire de Andrada, Hyacinth. Portuguese Writer 1597. • 1657 

Freitag, John. German Medical Writer 15S1 . . 1641 

Freke, William. Socinian Writer 1663. .1746 

Frelinghuysen, Theod. American Statesman & Scholar 1787. .1862 

Freminet, Martin. French Painter 1567. . 1619 

Fr6mont d'Ablancourt, Nicholas. French Historian . . 1625 '■. 1693 

Frend, William. Mathematician " 1757. .1841 

Freneau, Philip. American Poet and Journalist 1752. .1832 

Frenicle de Bessy, Bernard. French Mathematician . . 1605. .1675 

Frere, John, m. p., f. r. s., f. s. a. Antiquary — . . 1807 

Frere, John Hookham. Poet and Diplomatist 1769. . 1846 

Freres, Theodore. Dutch Painter 1643. . 1693 

Freret, Nicholas. French Antiquary and Chronologist . . 1688.. 1749 
Freron, Elias Catherine. French Critic 1719- • J 7/6 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 



167 



Freron, Louis Stanislaus, son. French Revolutionist 

Frescobaldi, Jerome. Italian Musical Composer 

Fresnaye, John Vauquelin cle la. French Poet 

Fresne, Charles du Cange du. French Antiquary 

Fresnel, Augustine John. French Experimental Philos. . 
Fresnoy, Charles Alphonse du. French Painter and Poet. 

Life by Wills and Mason 

Fresny, Charles Riviere du. French Poet 

Fr6teau de St. Just, Emanuel M. M. P. French Polit. 
Frey, John Cecil. German Physician and Greek Scholar. 

Frey, John James. Swiss Engraver 

Freycinet, Louis Claude Desaulsesde. French Navigator 
Freytag, Frederick Theophilus, of Nuremberg. Scholar. 

Frezier, Amadaeua Francis. French Mathematician 

Friche, or Frische, James de. Fr. Benedictine. Writer 

Fries, Jacob Fred. German Philosopher 

Frisbie, Levi. American Writer 

Frisch, John Leonard. German Naturalist and Divine. . 

Frischlein, Nicodemus. German Critic and Poet 

Frischmuth, John. Theologian of Jena 

Frisi, Paul, of Milan. Mathematician 

Frisius, Henry. Scholar of Zurich. {De Sede Amines). . 

Frisius, or Fries, John. Orientalist of Zurich 

Frith, John. Protestant Martyr 

Fritz, Samuel. German Roman Catholic Missionary. . . . 

Frizon, Peter. French Historian and Theologian 

Froben, John. German Printer 

Frobisher, Sir Martin. Navigator 

Froebel, Fred. German Educator; Founder of Kindei*- 

garten Schools 

Froelich, Erasmus. Mathematician and Medalist 

Froidmont, Libert. Dutch Biblical Commentator 

Froissart, John. Historian. L. by St. Palave, tr. by Johnes 
Froraage, Peter. French Jesuit Missionary in the Levant 

Fronteau, John. French Writer 

Frontinus, Sext. Julius. (Strategemeta ; De Aqiueductibus) 

Fronto, M. Cornelius. Roman Rhetorician 

Frost, John. American Revolutionary General 

Froude, Rev. Richard Hurrell. Anglo-Catholic Divine. . 

Frowde, Philip. Poet 

Frugoni, Charles Innocent. Italian Poet 

Frumentius, St. Apostle of Ethiopia 

Fry, Caroline (afterwards Wilson). ( The Listener.) L.by self 

Fry, Edmund, M. d. Type Founder 

Fry, Mrs. Elizabeth. Philanthropist. Life by Daughters, 

1847 ; Rev. T. Timpson, 1847 

Fry, John, M. p. Socinian Writer 

Fry, Win. Henry. Amer. Musical Composer and Editor. 
Frye, Thomas. Irish Designer and Mezzotint Engraver. . 

Fryth, or Frith, John. Protestant Martyr 

Fuca, John de. Apostolos Valerianos. Spanish Navigator 
Fuchs, or Fuchsius, Leonard. Ger. Phys. and Botanist 
Fuentes, Peter Henry d'Azevedo, Count of. Spanish 

General and Statesman 



BORN. DIED. 
1757. .1802 

I5S7? 



1534- 
1610. 
1788. 

1611. 
1648. 

1745' 
1580^ 

1681. 
1779. 

1723- 
1682. 
1640. 

1773- 
1784. 
1666. 

1547- 
1619. 
1728. 

1505. 

1650. 
1460. 



1782 
1700 
1587 

1337 
1678 
1614 

— A, 

— aft 

1738 
1803 
1680 
1692 

17S7. 



17S0. 

1S15! 
1710. 



1501. 



1654? 
,1606 
.1688 
.1827 

.1665 
1724 

J794 
1631 
1752 
1842 
1776 

^773 
1693 
1843 
1822 

•1743 
1590 
.1687 
1784 
1718 
1565 
r 533 
173° 
1651? 
1527 

1594 

1852 
1758 

l6 53 
1410' 
1740 
1662 
d.io6 ? 

.166 

1810 

1836 

1738 
1768 
360? 

.1835 
1845 

1650 

,1864 

,1762 

1533 

1632 

1566 



1560.. 1643 



168 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Fuessli, John Gaspar. The Elder. Swiss Paint. See Fuseli 1706. .1781 

Fuger, Frederick Henry. German Painter 1751..1818 

Fugger, Ulrich. German Scholar and Collector of MSS. 1526. .1584 

Fulbert. Bishop of Chartres. Theologian 950? . 1028 

Fulda, Charles Frederick. Ger. Hist., Antiq., Philologist 1724. .1788 

Fulgentius, St. African Bishop ; Writer 468'. 533 

Fulke, William, D. d. Divine J 540- -1589 

Fuller, Andrew. Baptist Divine. Life by Dr. Ryland. . 1754. .1815 

Fuller, Isaac. Painter — . . 1672 

Fuller, Nicholas. (Miscellanea Theologica) 1557 . .1622 

Fuller, Sarah Margaret, Marchioness of Ossoli. American 

Writer. Life bv Clarke, Emerson, and Channing, 1852 1810. .1850 
Fuller, Thos. ( Church History.) L. by A. T. Russell, 1844 1608. . 1661 
Fulton, Robert. American Inventor and Civil Engineer. 

Life by C. D. Colden, 1817 1765 . . 1815 

Funccius, or Funck, John Nicholas. German Philologist 1693. -^m 
Funck, John. German Divine and Biographer. Beheaded 1518. .1566 
Funes, Gregory, of La Plata. Patriot & Historical Writer — . . 1820 
Furetiere, Anthony. Philologist.. (Diction. Universel) . . 1620.. 1688 

Furini, Francis. Painter of Florence 1604. . 1646 

Furius, Frederick. Cceriolanus. Spanish Historian 1510?. 1592 

Furneaux, Dr. Philip. Dissenting Divine 1726. .1783 

Furst, Walter. Swiss Patriot fl. 1307 

Furstemberg, Ferdinand de. (Monumen. Paderbornensia) 1626 . . 1683 

Fursteneau, John Hermann. Medical Writer 1688. .1756 

Fuseli, or Fuessli, Henry. Painter. Life by Knowles .. 1742?. 1825 
Fuseli, John Gaspar. Swiss Artist. (Helvetic Painters) 1 706.. 1 781 
Fusi, Anthony. Doct. of the Sorbonne ; Protest. Convert 1565'. aft.1633 
Fuss, Nicholas von. Mathemat. and Natural Philosopher 1755. .1826 

Fust, John. One of the Inventors of Printing — . . 1470? 

Fus, or Fouchs, John Joseph. German Musical Composer i66o ? .i74o ? 

Fuzelier, Louis. French Dramatist 1672. .1752 

Fyot de la Marche, Claude, Ct. of Bosjam. French Hist. 1630. .1721 
Fyt, John. Dutch Painter 1625 . . 1671 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 169 



G. 

, BORN. DIED. 

Gaal, Barent. Dutch Landscape Painter 1650. . 1671 

Gabbiani, Anthony Dominic. Florentine Painter 1652. .1726 

Gabinius, Aulus. Consul : defended by Cicero — b.c. 48? 

Gabriel, James. French Architect and Engineer 1667. .1742 

Gabrielli, Cattarina. Italian Singer 1730. -1796 

Gabrini, Nicholas. Rienzi. Reformer at Rome 1 3 I 3- ■ J 354 

Gacon, Francis. French Poet and Satirist 1667. .1725 

Gadbury, John. Astrologer 1627 . . 1692? 

Gaddesden, John of. Phys. and Philos. {Rosa Anglica) fl. 1320? 

Gaddi, Angelo. Painter 1324.. 1387 

Gaddi, Gaddo. Italian Painter in Mosaic i 2 39- • J 3 12 

Gaddi, Taddeo. Florentine Painter 1300. . 1352? 

Gadebusch, Frederick Conrad. Ger. Writer on Livonia. 1719. .1788 
Gadsden, Christopher. Amer. Revolutionary Statesman. 1724. .1805 

Gadsden, Christopher Edwards, d. d., grandson 1785 . . 1852 

Gadsden, James. American Statesman 1788. . 1858 

Gaelen, Alexander van. Dutch Painter 1670. .1728 

Gaertner, or Gartner, Frederick von. Architect 1792. .1847 

Gaertner, or Gartner, John Andrew. German Architect 1743. .1826 

Gaertner, Joseph. German Botanist 17 32. .1791 

Gaetano. Scipio Pulgeone. Florentine Painter x 55°- .1588 

Gafiarell, James. French Hebraist and Astrologer 1601 . . 1681 

Gaffurius, or Gaforio. See Franchinus 145 1 . .1522 

Gage, Thomas. Missionary. (Survey of the West Indies) i597 ? . 1655 

Gage, Thomas. British General in America — . .1787 

Gagern, John Christopher Ernest, Baron von. States- 
man and Writer 1766. . 1852 

Gagnier, John. Arabic Professor at Oxford 1670?. 1740 

Gaguin, Robert. Fr. Historian. (De Gestis Francorum) . 1425?.! 501 

Gahn, John Theodore. Swedish Mineralogist 1 745 . . 1818 

Gaigny, or Gagny, John. French Theologian — . .1549 

Gaillard, Gabriel Henry. French Historian and Publicist 1726. .1806 

Gaillard, John Ernest. Musical Composer 1687. .1749 

Gainas. Gothic General of Arcadius — . . 400 

Gaines, Edm. Pendleton. American General 1777. . 1849 

Gainsborough, Thomas. Painter. Life by Thicknesse, 

1788; Fulcher, 1856 1727.. 1788 

Gaisford, Thomas. Dean of Christ Church. Critic 1780. . 1855 

Gaius. See (jfaius. 

Galadin, Mahomet. Emperor of the Moguls — ..1605 

Galanino. Balthazar Aloisi. Italian Painter 1578.. 1638 

Galantini, Hippolytus. Cappuccino cj- Prete Genovese. Pa. 1627.. 1706 

Galas, Matthew. Imperial Commander 1589. . 1647 

Galateo, Anthony. Italian Physician 1444- • 1517 

Galatin, Peter. Franciscan. (De Arcanis Catholicce 

Veritatis) fl. 1530? 

Galba. Emperor of Rome (68-69) B.c.3. .A.D.69 

Gale, John. Baptist Writer. (Reflections on Wall) 1680.. 1721 

Gale, Roger. Antiquary. (Honor on Richmond) 1672. .1744 

Gale, Samuel, brother. Antiquary 1682. . 1754 



170 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Gale, Theophilus. Nonconf. Div. (Court of the Gentiles) 1628.. 1678 
Gale, Thomas, D. T>. Editor of Hist. Anglicance Scriptores 1636. .1702 

Galeano, Joseph, of Palermo. Medical Writer 1605 . . 1675 

Galen, Christopher Bernard von. Bishop of Munster. 

German General and Statesman 1605 . . 1678 

Galen, Claudius. Medical, Philolog., and Philos. Writer. 130.. 200 

Galen, Matthew. Theologian at Douay — . .1573 

Galeotti, Nicholas. Italian Jesuit ; Writer 1692. .1758 

Galerius. Roman Emperor (305-11) — . . 311 

Gales, Joseph. American Journalist 1760. . 1841 

Galiani, Ferdinand. Abbe. ( Traite sur les Monnaies.) 

Life by Louis Deodati, 1788 1728. .1787 

Galilei, Galileo. Astronomer. Life b3 r Vivian; Nelli, 

1793 ; Venturi, 1818 ; Libri, 1811 ; Marini ; Drinkwater 

Bethune; Brewster; Chasles, 1862 1564. .1642 

Galilei, Vincent. Florentine Writ. (Dialogo della Musica) i533 ? . — 

Gall, Francis Joseph. German Phrenologist 1758. . 1828 

Galland, Anthony. Orient, Transl. of Arabian Nights. 1646.. 1715 
Galland, Augustus. French Genealogist and Archivist. . — ..1644? 

Gallatin, Albert. American Statesman 1761 . . 1849 

Gallaudet, Rev. Thomas Hopkins. American Teacher of 

Deaf and Dumb 1787. .1851 ' 

Galle, or Gallreus, Servatius, of Haarlem. Scholar 1630?. 1709 

Gallienus. Roman Emperor (253-268) k 2i8 ? . 268 

Gallio, Junius. Proconsul of Achaia — • . . 65 

Gallitzin, Demetrius Augustine. Russian Noblein. & Miss. 1 770 . . 1840 

Galloche, Louis. French Painter 1670.. 1761 

Gallois, Chas. Andrew Gustavus L£on. Fr. Publicist. . . 1789. .1851 

Gallois, John. French Critic 1632. .1707 

Gallonius, Anthony. (De Martyrum Cruciatibus) — ..1605 

Galloway, Joseph. American Loyalist 1730?. 1803 

Gallucci, Angelo. Italian Scholar. (De Bello Belgico). 1593.. 1674 

Gallucei, John Paul. Italian Astronomer fl. 1593 

Gallucci, Tarquinius. Italian Scholar. ( Virgilianai In- 

dieationes) 1574. . 1649 

Gallup, Jos. Adam. American Physician and Author .. . 1769.. 1849 

Gallus, C. Cornelius. Roman Poet 66 01 9 B.C. 26 

Gaily, Rev. Henry, d. d. Scholar 1696. .1769 

Gait, John. Novelist. (Autobiography) 1779- • 1839 

Galuppi, Balthasar. Buranello. Musical Composer. .. . 1703.. 1785 

Galvani, Louis. Discoverer of Galvanism i/37- -1798 

Gama, Joseph Basil de. Brazilian Poet. (L 'Uruguay). . 1740.. 1795 
Gama, Vasco da. Navigator: doubled Cape of Good Hope 1469?. 1525 

Gamaches, Philip de. French Theologian 156S. . 1625 

Gamaches, Stephen Simon. Philolog. and Nat, Philos. 1672.. 1756 

Gambara, Lorenzo. Latin Poet. ( Columbus) 1506. .1596 

Gambara, Veronica. Italian Poetess 1485 . . 1550 

Gambier, Jas., Lord. Admiral. L. by Lady Chatterton 1756. . 1833 

Gambold, John. Moravian Bishop 1710. .1771 

Gandon, James. Architect. (Vitruvius Britannicus) . . . I74i ! '.i824 

Gandy. Architect. See Deering 1 780 . . 1850 

Gandy, James. Painter 1619. . 1689 

Ganganelli, John Vincent Anthony. Pope Clement XIV. 1 705 . . 1 774 
Ganiln, Charles. French Economist 1758. . 1S36 



' A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 171 

BORN. DIED. 

Gannal, John Nicholas. French Chemist 1791 . . 1852 

Gans, Edward. German Jurist. (Das Erbrecht) 1798. . 1839 

Garamond, Claude. Fr. Engraver and Letter Founder. . — . .1561 
Garasse, Francis. Jesuit Preacher and Controversialist. . 1585. .1631 
Garat, Dominic Joseph. Fr. Metaphysician and Publicist 1749. .1833 

Garay, John. Hungarian Poet 1S12. .1853 

Garbieri, Lorenzo. Painter of Bologna 1580. . 1654 

Garbo, Raphael del. Florentine Painter 1476. . 1 534 

Garcam, Peter Anthony Correa. Portuguese Poet i7 2 4- - 1 ?? 2 

Garcia, Manuel do Populo Vicente. Span. Mas. Composer 1775 . . 1832 
Garcilasso de la Vega, or Garcias Lasso. Spanish Poet 1503. .1536 

Garcilasso de la Vega. Inca. (History of Peru) 153°- .1568 

Garczynski, Stephen. Writer on Poland — . .1755 

Garden, Alexander, M. d. Botanist and Zoologist 1730 . .1791 

Garden, Peter. Scottish Centenarian 1644? .1775 

Gardin Dumesnil, John Baptist. (Synonymes Latines) . . 1720. .1802 
Gardiner, Allen Francis. Commander, r. n. Missionary 

to Patagonia. Life by J. W. Marsh 1794. . 1851 

Gardiner, James. Colonel. Life by Doddridge 1688. .1745 

Gardiner, John. American Advocate 1731 . .1793 

Gardiner, John Sylvester John, son. Clergyman & Writ. 1775. .1830 

Gardiner, Stephen. Bishop of Winchester 1483. .1555 

Gardiner, William. Musical Writer i77°- • 1853 

Gardner, Alan, Lord. Admiral P ". 1742. . 1809 

Garengeot, Rene" James Croissant de. French Surgeon 1688. .1759 

Garet, John, of St. Maur. Editor of Cassiodorus 1627. . 1694 

Garissoles, Anthony. French Divine . 1587. . 1650 

Garland, Hugh A. American Author and Politician. . . . 1805. .1854 

Garlande, John de. Norman Writer — aft.1081 

Garnerin, Andrew James. French Aeronaut ^69. • I 823 

Garnet, Henry. Jesuit Conspirator 1555 . . 1606 

Garnet, Thomas, M. d. Writer on Chem. and Nat. Phil. 1766. .1802 
Garnett, Jas. Mercer. Amer. Polit., Agriculturist, & Writ. 1770. . 1843 

Gamier, Charles George Thomas. French Author 1746- • J 795 

Garnier, Germain. French Political Economist 1754. .1821 

Gamier, John. French Jesuit; Writer 1612. .1681 

Gamier, John James. French Historian i7 2 9- .1805 

Gamier, Robert. French Tragic Poet 1534- • I 59° 

Gamier, Stephen Bartholomew. French Painter 1759. . 1849 

Gamier Pages, Steph. Jos. Louis. Fr. Publicist & Orator 1801 . . 1841 

Garofalo, II. Benvenulo Tisio, of Ferrara. Painter 14S1..1559 

Garrard, Mark. Flemish Painter in England 1561 . . 1635 

Garrick, David. Tragedian. Life by Tom Davies, 1780 ; 

A. Murphy, 1801 1716. .1779 

Garriel, or Gariel, Peter, of Montpellier. Historian 1583?. 1670? 

Garsault, Francis Alexander. Fr. Writer on the Horse 1693?. 1778 
Garth, Sir Samuel. Physician and Poet. (Dispensary).. — ..1719 
Gartner. See Gaertnor. 

Garve, Christian. German Philosophical Writer 1742. . 1 798 

Garzi, Louis. Italian Painter 1638. .1721 

Garzoni, Thomas. Ital. Writer. (La Piazza Universale) 1549. .1589 

Gascoigne, George. Poet 1 5o6 ? - 1577 

Gascoigne, Sir William. Lord Chief Justice 1350?. 1413 

Gaaooygne, William. Inventor of Micrometer 1621?. 1644 



172 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 



Gaskell, Mrs. Mary Elizabeth Cleghorne. English Au- 
thoress. (Mary Barton) 

Gaspaxini, Francis. Italian Musical Composer 

Gasparino. Barziza. Italian Restorer of Learning .... 

Gasse, Louis. Architect 

Gasse, Stephen, twin brother. Italian Architect 

Gassendi, Peter. Math, and Philos. L. by Bourgerelle 
Gassicourt, Charles Louis Cadet de. Fr. Natural Philos. 
jGassion, John de. Marshal of Fr. Life by T. Renaudot 

'Gassman, Florian. German Musical Composer 

Gast, John, d. d. Irish Writ. (Rudiments of Grecian Hist.) 

Gastaldi, John Baptist. French Medical "Writer 

Gaston, William. American Jurist and Statesman 

Gaston de Foix, Duke de Nemours. Governor of Milan. 
Gaston, of France, John Baptist, Duke of Orleans ; oppo- 
nent of Richelieu 

Gastrell, Francis. Bp. of Chester. Controversial Divine 

Gataker, Charles. Controversial Divine 

Gataker, Thomas. Divine and Critic 

Gates, Horatio. American Commander 

Gatterer, John Christopher. German Historian 

Gatti, Bernardine. II Soiaro. Italian Painter 

Gattinara, Mercurino Arborio, Count di. ItaUan Jurist. . 

Gattly, Alfred. Sculptor . . • 

Gaubil, Anthony. French Missionary to China 

Gaubius, Jerome David. Medical Writer at Leyden. . . . 
Gaud, or Goud, Henry, Ct. van. Pa. & Engrav. of Utrecht 
Gauden, John. Bp. of Wore. (1662). (Eikon Basilikef) 
Gaudentio, of Milan. Ferrari. Historical Painter .... 

Gaudentius, St. Bishop of Brescia 

Gaudenzio, Paganin. Italian Scholar 

Gaudichaud Beaupre, Charles. French Botanist 

Gaudin, Mart. Mich. Chas., Duke of Gaeta. Fr. Statesm. 

Gauli, John Baptist. Baciccio. Painter of Genoa 

Gaulrnin, Gilbert. French Writer 

Gaultier, Alolsius Edw. Camillus. Fr. Educational Writ. 

Gaupp, John. Mathematician of Lindau 

Gaurico, Luke, Bishop of Civita Ducale. Astrologer. . . . 
Gauss, Charles Frederick. Ger. Math, and Astronomer 
Gaussem, Jane Catherine. Gaussin. French Actress. . . 

Gauthey, Emiland Mary. French Engineer 

Gauthier, John Baptist. Abbe. Religious Writer 

Gavanti, Bartholomew. Italian Ecclesiastical Antiquary 

Gavard, Hyacinth. French Anatomist 

Gaveston, Piers, or Peter. Favorite of Edward II 

Gay, Claude. French Botanist and Traveler 

Gay, John. Poet. (Beggar's Opera,) 

Gay, Maria Frances Sophia. French Novelist 

Gay Lussac, Joseph Louis. Fr. Experimental Philosoph. 
Gayot de Pitaval, Francis. Fr. Writer. ( Causes Celebres) 

Gayton, Edmund. Humorous Writer 

Gaza, Theodore. Reviver of Greek 

Gazet, Wm., of Arras. Gazceus. Ecclesiastical Historian 
Gazola, Joseph. Medical Writer of Verona 



BORN. 


DIED. 


l820 


'.1865 


1665 


'.1727 


I370 


'•1431 


1778 


.1833 


1778 


.1840 


1S92 


.I6SS 


1769 


.1821 


1609 


.1647 


1729 


•1774 


1715 


.1788 


1674 


•1747 


1778 


.1844 


1488 


.1512 


1608 


.1660 


1662 


.1725 


1614 


? 1680 


IS74 


.1654 


1728 


.1806 


1727 


.1799 


1495 


' 1575 


146s 


•I530 


— 


.1863 


1689 


•1759 


170s 


.1780 


i S 8 S 


.1639 


1605 


.1662 


1484 


.1550 


—41 


oor 27 


1^96 


.1648 


1780 


.1854 


1756 


.1844 


16.39 


.1709 


iS»S 


.1665 


1746 


.1818 


1667 


• I73» 


1746 


.1558 


1777 


.18SS 


1711 


.1767 


1732 


. . 1806 


168s 


■1755 


1S69 


.1638 


1753 


.1802 


— 


.1312 


179=; 


.1864 


1688 


•I73 2 


1776 


.1852 


1778 


.1850 


167,3 


•1743 


1609 


-. 1666 


i39« 


.1478 


iSS4 


.1611 


1661 


.1715 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 173 

BORN. DIED. 

Gazon-Dourxigne, S. M. M. Critic and Poet — . . 1 784 

Gazzoli, Benozzo. Italian Painter 1400 . . 1478 

Gebelin, Anthony Court de. ( Le Monde Primatif ) 1725. .1 784 

Geber, orYeber. Arab. Alchemist. (Lapis Philosophorwn) fl. 8oo ? 

Gebhardi, John Louis Levin. German Historian 1699. .1764 

Ged, Wm. Inventor of Stereotype. Life by Nichols, 1819 — . . i749 ? 
Geddes, Alexander, ll. d. Roman Catholic Divine. 

Translator of Bible. Life by J. M. Good, 1803 1737. .1802 

Geddes, James. Writer on Classics 1710. . 1749? 

Geddes, Mich., ll. d. Writer on Ecclesiastical History 1640. .i7i4 ? 

Gedtke, Frederick. German Educationist 1754 . . 1803 

Gedoyn, Nicholas. French Critic and Translator 1667. .1744 

Geer, Charles de, Baron. Swedish Naturalist 1720. .1778 

Gehler, John Sam., of Leipsic. (Physikalisch.es Worterbuch) 1751 . .1795 

Geijer, Eric Gustavus. Swedish Historian 1783. .1847 

Geiler von Kaiserberg, John. Pulpit Orator 1455 . . 1510 

Geinoz, Francis. Swiss Scholar 1696 ..1752 

Gejer, or Geier, Martin. German Biblical Commentator 1614. .1681 

Gelasius I. Pope (492-96) — . . 496 

Gelasius II. (1118-19) John Cajetan 1050?. 1119 

Geldenbaur, Gerard. Dutch Theologian and Historian 1482.. 1542 

Gelder, Arnold de. Dutch Painter 1645 . .1727 

Geldorp, or Gualdorp, Gortzius. Painter of Louvain. . . . 1553. .1618 
Gelee, Claude. Claude Lorraine. Fr. Landscape Painter 1600. .1682 
Gelenius, or Ghelen, Sigismund. Bohemian Scholar 1477?. 1554 or 5 
Gell, Sir William. Antiquary and Classical Scholar .... 1777. .1836 
Gellert, Christian Fiirchtegott. German Divine and Poet 1715. .1769 

Gellert, Christlieb Ehregott, brother. Metallurgist i7 J 3- -1795 

Gelli, John Baptist. Italian Poet 1498 . .1563 

Gellibrand, Henry. Gresham Professor of Astronomy . . . 1 597 . . 1636 
Gellius, Aldus. Latin Writer. (Nodes Atticce). . .fl.ab.117-180 a.d. 

Gelon. Tyrant of Syracuse (b. c. 491-78) — . .b. c.478 

Gemelli Carreri, John Francis. Italian Traveler 165 1 . .1725 

Gemignano, or Geminiani, Hyacinth. Italian Painter. . 1611..1681 

Gemignano, Vincent di San. Italian Painter 1490. .1530 

Geminiani, Francis. Italian Musical Composer 1680 ? . 1762 

Gemist/us Pletho, George. Greek Philosopher 1350?. 1450 

Gemma, Cornelius. Physician and Mathematician 1535 . .1577 

Gemma, Reinier. Frisius. Dutch Phys. and Mathemat. 1508. .1555 

Gence, John Baptist Modeste. French Writer 1755 • • l %4° 

Gendre, le. See Le Gendre. 

Genebrard, Gilbert. French Theologian 1537. .1597 

Genesius, Josephus. Byzantine Historian fl. 940 

Genest, Charles Claude. French Poet 1639. .1719 

Genest, or Genet, Edm. Chas. Fr. Minister to the U. S. 1765?. 1832 
Genet, Francis. Bp. of Vaison. ( Theology of Grenoble) 1640. .1707 

Genevieve, St 422. . 512 

Genga, Bartholomew. Architect 1518. .1558 

Genga, Jerome. Italian Painter 1476. .1551 

Genghis-Khan. Mogul Conqueror. Life by De la Croix 1163. .1227 
Genlis, Stephanie Felicite, Countess de. French Writer 1746. .1830 

Gennadius. Patriarch of Constantinople (1453-58) — . .1460 

Gennari, Benedict. The Young. Painter to James II.. . 1633. .1715 
Gennari, Caesar, son. Painter of Bologna 1641 . . 1688 



174 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Gennaro, Joseph Aurelius, of Naples. Civilian 1701 . .1761 

Genoels, Abraham. Painter of Antwerp 1640 . . — 

Genoude, Anthony Eugene de. French Journalist 1792'. .1849 

Genovesi, Anthony, of Naples. Metaphysician 1712. .1769 

Genseric. King of the Vandals (429-477) — . . 477 

Gensonne, Arniand. French Girondist 1758. . 1793 

Gent, Thomas. Topographical Antiquary 169 1 . .1778 

Gentile, Louis Primo. Painter of Brussels 1606. . 1670 

Gentilesehi, Artemisia. Historical Painter 1590. . 1642 

Gentilesehi, Horatio Louis. Italian Painter 1563. . 1647 

Gentilis, Albericus. Ital. Civilian. Professor at Oxford 1550?. 1611 

Gentilis, John Valentine. Arian of Naples 1520?. 1566 

Gentilis, Scipio. Italian Civilian at Altorf 1563. . 1616 

Gentilis de Foligno. Medical Writer — . . 1348 

Gentillet, Innocent. Protestant Theologian of Geneva. . — ..1595? 
Gentleman, Francis. Irish Actor and Dramatic Writer 1728. .1784 

Gentz, Frederick von. Publicist. Life by Hay in 1764. . 1832 

Geoffrey, Duke of Brittany, son of Henry II 1158. .1186 

GeofTrey-Gaimar. Anglo-Norman Poet. (L 1 Estorie des 

Engles) fl. 1150? 

Geoffrey of Monmouth. Historian iiio ? . 1154 

Geoffrey of Vinsauf. English Latin Poet fl. 12th c. 

Geoffrey Plantagenet, Ct. of Anjou, father of Henry II. 1113. .1151 
Geoffrin, Maria Theresa, Madame. Patron of Learning 1699. .1777 

Geoffroy, Julian Louis. French Critic !743- • 1814 

Geoffroy, Stephen Francis. French Physician. (Le Code 

Medicamentaire) 1672 . . 1731 

Geoffroy, Stephen Louis, son. Physician and Naturalist 1725. .1810 
Geoffroy Saint- Hilaire, Isidore. Fr. Physiologist and 

Naturalist. (Histoire des Regnes Organiques) 1805 . . 1861 

Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, Stephen. Naturalist 1772. .1844 

George, of Cappadocia. Patriarch of Constantinople. . . — .. 361? 
George, of Cyprus, Jr. Patriarch of Const'ple. Writer — ..1290 
George, of Trebizond. Restorer of Greek Learning. . . 1396. 1485 or 6 

George, Duke of Saxony. The Bearded 1471 . .1530 

George I. King of England (1714-27) 1660. .1727 

George II. (1727-60).. 1683.. 1760 

George III. (1760-1820.) Life by Adolphus 1738. . 1820 

George IV. (1820-30.) Life bv Croly, 1840 1762. . 1830 

George of Denmark. Prince Consort of Queen Anne. . 1653. .1708 
Georgel, John Francis. Fr. Histor. Writer, and Diplom. 1731. .1813 
Geramb, Ferdinand de, Baron. Adventurer and Trappist 1770. .1848 
Gerando, Joseph Mary, Baron de. French Statesman 

and Philosophical Writer I77 2 - • 1842 

Gerard, Alexander, of Aberdeen. Divine 1728. .1795 

Gerard, Balthazar. Assassin of William of Orange 1558. .1584 

Gerard, Cecile Jules Basil. Lion-Killer. Fr. Traveler.. 181 7.. 1864 
Gerard, Francis Pascal Simon, Baron. French Painter. . 1770. .1837 
Gerard, John Ignatius Isidore. Grandville. French Cari- 
caturist 1803. . 1847 

Gerard, Louis. Fr. Physician. (Flora Gallo-Provincialis) 1733.. 1819 
Gerard, Stephen Maurice, Count. Marshal of France. . . 1773. .1852 
Gerard, Thorn or Tung. Gd. Master of Knts. of St. John 1040?. 11 21? 
Gerard. See Gerhard. 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 175 

BORN. DIES. 

Gerard, of Cremona. Italian Translator and Orientalist 1114. .1187 
G6rard de Nerval. Gerard Labrunie. French Author. 1808. .1855 
Gerard de Rayneval, Joseph Matthias. Fr. Diplomatist 1736. .1812 

Gerarde, John. Botanist and Surgeon. {Herbal) 1545 . . 1607 

Gerardi, Christopher. Painter of Florence 1500. .1556 

Gerards, Mark, of Bruges. Painter 1561 . . 1635 

Gerbais, John. Doctor of the Sorbonne. Eccles. Writer 1629. . 1699 

Gerbel, Nicholas. German Jurist — . . 1560 

Gerber, Ernest Louis. Ger. Organist & Writer on Music 1746. .1819 
Gerberon, Gabriel, of St. Maur. (History of Jansenism) 1628. .1711 
Gerbert, Martin. Prince- Abbot. Writ, on Sacred Music 1720. .1793 
Gerbert, Pope Silvester II. The Musician. Universal 

Scholar — . . 1003 

Gerbier d'Ouvilly, Sir Balthasar. Painter, Architect, 

Diplomatist 1592 . . 1667 

GerbiLLon, John Francis. Jesuit Missionary to China. . . 1654.. 1707 

Gerdes, Daniel, of Groningen. Theologian 1698. .1765 

Gerhard, Ephraim, of Altdorf. {Delineaiio Philosophic) 1682. .1718 
Gerhard, John. German Protestant Divine. (Aphorismi) 1582.. 1637 
Gerhard, John Ernest. Lutheran Divine and Orientalist 1621 . . 1688 

Gerhardt, Charles Frederick. German Chemist 1816. . 1856 

G^ricault, John Louis Theod. Andrew. French Painter. 1790. .1824 

Gering, Ulric. Introducer of Printing into France — . .1510 

Gerlach, Stephen. Historical and Theological Writer. . . 1546. .1612 

Germain, Thomas. French Artist in Metals 1675 . .1748 

Germanieus Caesar, married to Agrippina. Life by Louis 

de Beaufort B.C.14.A.D.19 

Germonio, Anastasius. Abp. of Tarantaise. Ital. Writ. 155 1. .1627 

Germyn, Simon. Dutch Painter 1650? .1719 

Gerry, Elbridge. 5th Vice-President of the United States 1744. . 1S14 
Gerson, John Charlier de. (Doctor Christianissimus) . . . . 1363. .1429 

Gerstein, Christian Louis. Mathematician 1701 . .1762 

Gervaise, Francis Armand. Fr. Biographer and Theolog. 1660. .1751 

Gervaise, Nicholas. French Missionary to Siam 1 662?. 1729 

Gervase, of Canterbury. Chronicler fl. 12th c. 

Gervase, of Tilbury. Chronicler. ( Otia Imperialia) ... fl. 12th c. 
Gesenius, Frederick Henry William. German Orientalist 1786. .1842 
Gesner, Conrad von. Swiss Naturalist and Universal 

Scholar 1516. .1565 

Gesner, John, of Zurich. (Phytographia Sacra) i7°9- -1790 

Gesner, John James, of Zurich. Numismatist 1707. .1787 

Gesner, John Matthias. Classical Critic and Editor .... 1691 . .1761 
Gessler, Albert, or Gesseler von Bruneck. Killed by Tell — . .1307 

Gessner, Solomon. Swiss Poet and Painter 1730. .1788 

Gessner, Solomon. Biblical Writer at Wittemberg 1559 . . 1605 

Geta. Emperor of Rome. Life by iElius Spartianus 189.. 212 

Gethin, Grace. Lady. (Relic/nice Gethinianm) 1676. . 1697 

Gething, Richard. Penman in London fl. 1616-45 

Geuss, John Michael. Mathematician at Copenhagen . . 1745. .17S6 
Gevartius, or Gevaerts, John Gaspar. Critic of Antwerp 1593. .1666 

Geyer, Henry Shefhe. American Jurist 1790. . 1859 

Geyler, John, of Kaiserberg. German Preacher 1445 ■ • 1510 

Gezelius, George. Swedish Biographer .• 1736. .1789 

Gezelius, John. Bishop of Abo. (Penlaglott Dictionary) 1615. .1690 



176 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Gezelius, John, son. Bp. of Abo. (Nomenclator Adami) 1647. .1718 

Ghazzali, Abu Hamid Mohammad Bon Ahmad. Moham- 
medan Philosopher and Divine 1058 . . 

Ghetaldi, Marino, of Ragusa. Mathematician — bef. 

Ghezzi, Peter Leone. Italian Painter 1674. . 

Ghiberti, Lorenzo. Florentine Sculptor and Architect. . 1378. . 

Ghika, Gregory X. Hospodar of Moldavia 1807 . . 

Ghilini, Jerome. Italian Writer 1 589 . . 

Ghirlandajo, II. Dominic Currado. Florentine Painter. . 1449. . 

Ghirlandajo, Ridolpho, son. Painter 1482. . : 

Ghisolfi, John. Painter of Milan 1624. 

Giamberti, Julian. San Gallo. Ital. Architect & Sculptor 1443. , 

Gianibelli, or Giambelli, Fred. Italian Military Engineer 1530? 

Gianni, Francis. Italian Poet *759- 

Giannone, Peter. ( History of Naples) 1676. 

Giardini, Felix. Italian Violinist 1716. 

Gibbon, Edward. (Decline and Fall.) Life by Lord 

Sheffield, 1799; H. A. Milman, 1839; W. Youngman. 1737. 

Gibbons, Dr. Christopher. Organist and Composer — . 

Gibbons, Grinling. Carver in Wood 1648. 

Gibbons, Orlando. Musical Composer 1583. 

Gibbs, George. American Mineralogist 1782 . , 

Gibbs, James. Architect i674 ? . : 

Gibbs, Josiah Willard. American Philologist 1790. 

Gibbs, Sir Vicary. Judge 1752. 

Gibert, Balthasar. French Writer. (Jugement des Savants) 1662. . : 

Gibert, John Peter. French Canonist 1660. , 

Giberti, John Matthew. Bp. of Verona. Patron of Learn. 1495. 

Gibieuf, Wm. Priest of the Oratory. (Liberty of God) . . — . 

Gibson, Edm. Bp. of London. Saxonist. (Preservative) 1669. 

Gibson, John Bannister, ll. d. American Jurist 1780. 

Gibson, Richard. The Dwarf. Painter 1615 . 

Gibson, Thomas. Phys., Naturalist, and Protestant Divine — . 

Gibson, Thomas. Painter i68o ? . : 

Gibson, William. Painter 1644? . 

Giddings, Joshua Reed. Amer. Anti-slavery Statesman. 1795. • 

Giddings, Salmon. Missionary 1782. . 

Gideon. Judge of Israel b. c. 

Gieseler, John Charles Louis. German Church Historian 1792. . 

Gifanius, or Hubert van Giffen. Dutch Critic and Civilian 1534. . 

Gifford, Andrew, d. d. Baptist Minister and Antiquary. 1700. . 

Gifford, John. John Ed. Green. Polit. & Historical Writer 1 758 . . ; 

GifTord, Rev. Richard. Divine and Poet 1725 ? 

Gifford, Robert, Lord. Judge 1779- 

Gifford, William. Critic and Satirist. Editor of Quarterly 

Revieto. (Baviad) 1757. 

Giggeo, Anthony. Italian Divine and Arabic Scholar. . . — . 

Gilbart, James William. Writer on Banking 1794- 

Gilbert, Davis (nee Giddy). Antiquary 1767. . : 

Gilbert, Sir Humphrey. Navigator 1539 . 

Gilbert, Sir Jeffrey. Judge and Law Writer 1674. 

Gilbert, Nicholas Joseph Lawrence. French Satiric Poet 1751. 

Gilbert, Nicholas Peter. -French Army Physician 1751 . , 

Gilbert, Thomas. Ejected Nonconformist Divine i6ii ? , 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 177 

BORN. DIKD. 

Gilbert, Wm. Physician & Exper. Philos. (De Magnate) 1540. . 1603 

Gilbert, of La Porree. Gislebertus Porretamis io7o ? .ii54 

Gilbert, of Sempringhara. Founder of Gilbertines 1083. .1189 

Gilbertus Anglicus. Medical Writer fl. 1200* 

Gilchrist, Alex. Writer on Art; Biogr. of Etty & Blake 1827. . 1861 

Gilchrist, John Borthwick. Orientalist i?59- • 1841 

Gilchrist, Octavius. Writer on the Drama i/79- -1823 

Gildas. The Wise. British Hist. ( De Excidio Britannia} ) 6th c. a. d. 
Gildon, Charles. Dramatic and Miscellaneous Writer. . . 1665. .1724 

Giles, William Branch. American Statesman 1762. .1830 

Giles, of Viterbo. Italian Cardinal. Biblical Writer ... — . . 1532 

Giltillan, Robert. Scotch Poet 1798'. 1850 

Gilimer. Last King of African Vandals — aft. 534 

Gill, Alex. Mast, of St. Paul's School. (Logonomia Anglica) 1564. .1635 

Gill, Alex., son. Friend of Milton. (Poetici Conatus) 1597- .1642 

Gill, John, i). d. Baptist Divine and Biblical Expositor. . 1697. .1771 

Gilies, Peter. French Naturalist 1490. .1555 

GiBespie, George. Scottish Divine. (Aaron's Rod) — ..1648 

GiUies, John, ll. d. Historical Writer 1747 . . 1836 

Gillis, James. Roman Catholic Bishop in Scotland — . . 1864 

GBlot, Claude. French Painter and Engraver 1673. .1722 

Gilly, Rev. Dr. Win. Stephen. Writer on the Vaudois . . 1789?. 1855 
Gilman, John Taylor. Governor of New Hampshire. . . . 1759. .1828 
Gilman, Samuel, d. t>. American Clergyman and Author 1791 . . 1858 
Gilpin, Bernard. (Apostle of the North.) Life by Bishop 

Carleton, 1636 ; W. Gilpin, 1753 1517. . 1583 

Gilpin, Rd. Ejected Nonconf. Div. (Satan's Temptations) — . . 1657 

• Gilpin, Sawrey- Animal Painter 1 733- ■ 1S07 

Gilpin, Rev. William, brother. Writer. (Forest Scenery) 1724..1S04 

Gil Polo, Gaspar. Spanish Poet 1516. .1572 

Gilray, James. Caricaturist 1785 . . 1815 

Gil Vicente. Portuguese Dramatist 1485''. 1557 

Ginguen6, Peter Louis. (Histoire, Lilteraire cV Italie) ... 174b.. 1816 
GinkeU, Godart van, First Karl of Athlone. Commander.. 1630?. 1703 

Ginnani, Francis. Italian Naturalist 1716 . .1766 

Gioberti, John Anthony. Italian Chemist 1761 . . 1834 

Gioberti, Vincent. Italian Writer and Statesman 1801 . . 1852 

Giocondo, John. Fra Giovanni. Ital. Schol. & Antiquary i45o ? .i52i ? 

Gioffredo, Mario. Gaetano. Neapolitan Architect 1 718.. 1785 

Gioja, Flavio, of Amalli. Reputed Inventor of Compass. 1300?. — 
Gioja. Melchior. Italian Writer. (XiwroProspetto) ... . 1767.. 1829 

Giolito de' Ferrari, Gabriel. Italian Printer — . .1581 

Giordani, Viral. Neapolitan Mathematician J ^>33- .1711 

Giordano, Luke. Lucaja Presto. Neapolitan Painter 1632. 1704 or 5 
Giorgi, Anthony Augustine. {Alphabetum Thibetanum) . . 1711..1797 

Giorgione. Giorgio Barban IK. Venetian Painter 1477 . .1511 

Gioseppino. Neapolitan Painter 1560'. 1540 

Giottino, II. Thomasdi Stefano. Florentine Painter . . . 1324. .1356 
Giotto, or Ambrogiotto. Florentine Pa., Sculptor, Architect 1276. . 1336 

Giovanni. Mamozzi. Italian Fresco Painter i59°- -1636 

Giovanni da Fiesole. Fra AngeHco. Florentine Painter 1387. .1455 

Giovio, Paul. Italian Historical Writer 1483. .1552 

Giraldi, Julius Gregory. Ital. Scholar. {DeDiis Gentium) 1479.. 1552 
Giraldi-Cintio, J. Bapt. Ital. Poet & Phys. (Hecatommiti) 1504. .1573 
12 



178 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Giraldus Cambrensis, or Gerald de Barri. Historian. . 1147. .1222? 
Girard, Gabriel. French Philologist. (Synonymes Frangois) i677 ? .i748 

Girard, Gregory. Swiss Educator 1765 . . 1850 

Girard, Philip Henry de. French Engineer 1775 . .1845 

Girard, Stephen. Amer. Banker; Found, of Girard College 1746. .1831 
Girardin, Madame Einile de. Delphine Gay. Fr. Writer. 1804. . 1S55 
Girardin, Louis Stanislaus de, Count. French Publicist. . 1762. .1827 

Girardon, Francis. Sculptor and Architect 1628. .1715 

Giraud, John, Count. Italian Comic Dramatist 1776. .1834 

Girodet-Trioson, Anne Louis. French Painter 1767. .1824 

Giroust, James. French Preacher 1624. .1689 

Girtin, Thomas. Landscape Painter 1773. . 1802 

Giry, Louis. French Academician 1595 . . 1665 

Gisbert, Blaise. Fr. Theol. & Philos. (Educat. of a Prince) 1657. .1731 
Gisbert, John. French Canonist. (Anti-Probalasimas) . 1639.. 1711 
Gisborne, Rev. Thos. Philos., Theol., and Misc. Writer 1758. .1846 
Giulano, Majano di. Florentine Sculptor and Architect. . 1377'. 1447 
Giulini, George. Historian and Antiquary. (Memoirs 

Concerning the Government of Milan) 1714..1 780 

".1640? 
.1546 
.1705 
.1850 
.1050? 
.1652? 
.1661 
.1190 
.1680 

■1563 

.1679? 

■*773 

.1764 

.1656 

.1720? 

.1726 



Giulio Romano. Julius Caccini. Ital. Music. Composer 1560 

Giulio Romano. Pippi. Italian Painter 1492 

Giusti, Anthony. Florentine Painter 1624 

Giusti, Joseph. Italian Poet and Satirist 1809 

Glaber, Ralph. Benedictine Monk. (Chront'quede France) 990 

Glandorp, Matthias. German Medical Writer 1595 

Glanvil, Sir John. Lawyer and Statesman T 59° 

Glanvil, Ranulph de. Lawyer & Warrior. (Be Leg. Angliw) — 

Glanvill, Rev. Joseph. ( Vanity of Dogmatizing) 1636 

Glareanus, or Henry Lorit. Scholar and Writer 1488 

Glaser, Christopher. Swiss Chemist — 

Glass, John. Scotch Sectary 1698 

Glass, John, son. Navigator and Writer 1725 

Glassius, Solomon, of Gotha. (Philulogia Sacra) 1593 

Glauber, Diana. Painter 1650 

Glauber, John. Polydore. Painter of Utrecht 1646 

Glauber, John Rudolph. Chemist. Discoverer of Glauber's 

Salt 1604. .1668 

Glauber, John Theophilus, brother. Painter 1656. .1703 

Gleditsch, John Theophilus. German Phys. and Botanist 1714. .1786 
Gleichen, Frederick William von. German Naturalist. . 1717. .1783 
Gleig, George. Bishop of Brechin. Theol. and Metaphys. 1753.. 1839 

Gleim, John William Louis. German Lyric Poet I 7 I 9- • 1803 

Glen, John. Painter and Engraver of Liege fl. 16th c. 

Glendower, Owen. Welsh Chieftain 1349?. 141 5 

Glenie, James. Scottish Mathematician 1750- .1817 

Glentworth, George. American Physician and Surgeon 1735. .1792 

Gliddon, George Robins. English Egyptologist 1809. . 1S57 

Glinka, Gregory Andrievitch. Russian Writer i/74- • 1818 

Glinka, Sergy Nikolaevitch. Russian Writer 1771 . .1845? 

Glisson, Francis. Anatomist and Physician 1597- • 1677 

Gloucester, Robert of. English Historian and Poet fl. 1280 

Gloucester, Wm. Fred., Duke of, nephew of George III. 1776. .1834 

Glover, Charles. Song Composer — . . 1863 

Glover, Richard. Poet. Life by R. Duppa, 1814 1 71 2. . 1785 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 179 

BORN 

Glover, Mrs. Actress 1781 

Gluck, Christopher .Willibald von. Composer. Life by 

Schmid, 1855 1714 

Glynn, Robert, M. d., of Cambridge. (Bay of Judgment) 1718 
Gmelin, John Fred. Phys. and Chemist. Ed. of Linnams 1748 
Gmelin, John Geo. Botanist and Phys. (Flora Sibirica) 1709 

Gmelin, Leopold. German Chemist 1788 

Gmelin, Samuel Theoph. Traveler. (Historia Fucorum) 1743 
Gneisenau, Aug. Neidhardt, Count of. Marsh, of Prussia 1760 

Gnieditch, Nicholas. Russian Poet 1784 

Goad, John. Schoolmaster and Astrologer 161 5 

Goadby, Robert. Printer and Writer of Sherborne 1721 

Gobbo, Andrew. Italian Historical Painter 1470 

Gobbo, II. Peter Paul Bonzi, of Cortona. Painter 1580 

Gobel, J. Bap. Jos. Abp. of Paris. Atheist; guillotined 1727 
Gobel, Traugott Friedemann. Ger. Trav. & Writ, on Chem. 1 794 
Gobelin, John, alias Giles. French Dyer and Inventor. . — 

Gobien, Charles le. French Jesuit; Historian 1653 

Goclenius, Conrad. German Critic 1485 

Goclenius, Rodolph. Magnetist and Math, at Marpurg 1572 
Goclenius, Rodolph. Philosophical Writer at Marpurg. . 1547 

Goddard, Jonathan. Chemist and Physician 161 7 

Goddard, Rev. Wm. Stanley d. d. Mast, of Winch. Coll. 1757 
Godden, Thomas, D. n. Rom. Catholic Controversialist. — 
Godeau, Anthony. Bishop of Venice. Church Historian 1605 

Godefroi, Denys. ( Corpus Jims Chilis) 1549 

Godefroi, Denys. (Les Droits du Roi) 161 5 

Godefroi, James. ( Codex Theodosianus) 1587 

Godefroi, John. Editor of Memoirs of Philip de Comines 1656 

Godefroi, Theodore. (Le Ceremonial Frangois) 1580 

Godewyck, Margarita. Paintress of Dort 1627 

Godfrey, Charles. Musician 1790 

Godfrey, Sir Edmundbury. Magistrate. L. by R. Tuke, 

1682 - 

Godfrey, Thomas. American Mathematician — 

Godfrey of Bouillon. Crusader, and King of Jerusalem 1058 

Godfrey of Viterbo. Historian — 

Godley, John Robert. Politician. Life by J. E. Fitzgerald — 
Godman, John D. American Anatomist and Naturalist.. 1794 

Godolphin, John. Civilian 161 7 

Godolphin, Sidney. Poet 1610 

Godolphin, Sidney, Eaii of. Lord High Treasurer 1630 

Godoonoff, or Godunov, Boris. Czar of Moscow 1552 

Godoy, Manuel de. Prince of the Peace. Span. Minister 1767 

Godric, St. Hermit of Finchale. Life by Reginald — 

Godwin, Earl of Kent * — 

Godwin, Francis. Bishop of Hereford. Antiquary and 

Historical Writer. (Man in the Moon) 1561 

Godwin, .Mary, nee Wollstonecraft. Life by Godwin, 1798 1759 

Godwin, Thomas, d. d. Hebrew Antiquary 1587 

Godwin, Wm. Novelist & Hist. Writ. (Caleb Williams) 1756 
Goeckingk, Leop. Frederick G anther von. German Poet 1748 
Goeree, Win. Scholar of Middleburg. (Jewish Antiq.) 1635 
Goerres, Jacob Joseph von. German Publicist and Writer 1 776 



180 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BOEN. DIED. 

Goertz, George Henry de. Baron de Schlitz. Swedish 

Statesman , — --1719 

Goes, Hugh van der. Dutch Painter — . . 1480? 

Goesius, (William van der Goes.) Dutch Critic 1611. .1686 

Goethe, John Wolfgang von. Poet. Life by self, 1811- 
1812, Engl, by Oxenford, 1848; Doering, 1828; Falk, 
1832, Engl, by Mrs. Austin, 1835; Sendtner, 18-32; 
Vogel, 1834; Voss, 1834; Marmier, 1835; Riemer, 
1841; Browning, 1844; Vieholf, 1847; Schaefer, 
1850-51; Bowring, 1853; Lewes, 1855, enlarged, 1863. 1749. .1832 

Goetze, Geo. Henry. Theologian and Critic at Lubec 1667.172801-9 

Goetze, John Augustus Ephraim. German Naturalist. . . 1731 . 

Goez, Damian de. Portuguese Historian 1501 . 

Goff, Rev. Thomas. Divine and Dramatist I 59 2 « • : 

GorTe, William. Regicide 1605 ? 

Gogol, Nicholas. Russian Writer 1810 . 

Goguet, Anthony Yves. French Jurist 1716. 

Goldast von Hemingsfeld, Melchior. Historical Writ. 1576. 

Goldhagen, John Eustace, of Magdeburg. Translator of 

Greek Classics 1701 . 

Golding, Arthur. Poet, Translator of Ovid, Ctesar, &c. . . — 

Goldman, Nicholas. Mathematician 1623. 

Goldoni, Charles. Dramatic Poet i7°7- 

Goldsmith, Oliver. Poet. Life by J. Prior, 1836 ; John 

Forster, 1848; W. Irving, 1850; Dr. Kalisch, 1860. . . '1728. 

Golius, James. Orientalist and Mathematician 1 596. . 

Golius, Peter, br. Roman Cath. Missionary to East Indies — . . 

Golovnin, Basil. Russian Navigator 1776. 

Goltzius, Henry. Painter and Engraver 1558. 

Goltzius, Hubert. Dutch Painter and Antiquary 1526. .: 

Gomar, Francis. Flemish Calvinistic Theologian 1 563. . 

Gombauld, John Ogier de. French Poet 1567". 

Gomberville, Marin le Roy, Sieur de. French Writer . . 1600. . 

Gomersal, Rev. Robert. Poet. (Levitts Revenge) 1600. . 

Gomes, Francis Dias. Portuguese Poet — 

Gomez, Magdalen Angelica Poisson de. Fr. Romancist 1684. . 

Gomez, Sebastian. Spanish Painter — 

Gomez de Castro, Alvarez. {Life of Ximenes) 1515 . . 

Gomez de Ciudad Real, Alvarez. Latin Poet 1488. . 

Gompertz, Benjamin. Mathematician and Actuary 1778'. : 

Gonealvez, Joachim Alfonso. Portuguese Missionary to 

China. {Diccionario China Portuguez) 1780. 

Gondebaud. Fourth King of Burgundy (491-516) — . 

Gondi, Albert de. Marshal de Retz. French Courtier . . 1533. 

Gondi, John Francis Paul de. Cardinal de Retz II. French 

Statesman ' 1614. 

Gondi, Peter de. Cardinal de Retz I. French Statesman 1533. 

Gonet, John Baptist, of Bordeaux. {System of Theology) 1616. 

Gongora y Argote, Louis de. Spanish Poet 1561 . 

Gonsalvo de Cordova, Fernandez. Great Captain. See 

Gonzalo 1443 . 

Gonthier, John. German Physician and Scholar I 4^7- 

Gonzaga, Lucretia. Italian Scholar — . 

Gonzaga, Scipio. Spanish Cardinal and Scholar I54 2 - 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 181 

BORN. DIED. 

Gonzaga, Thomas Anthony Costa de, of Brazil. Dirceo. 

Portuguese Poet. {Mar ilia de Dirceo) 1747- • *793 

Gonzaga, Vespasian, Duke of Sabionetta. Patron of Arts 1531 . .1591 

Gonzales, Bartholomew. Spanish Painter 1564. . 1627 

Gonzales, Thyrsus. Sp. Jesuit. {Duct Irine of Probability) — -.1705 
Gonzalo, Fernandez de Cordova y Aguilar. Great Capt. 1443. .1515 

Gonzalo de Berceo, John. Earliest Spanish Poet 1196. .1266? 

Good, John Mason, M. D. Writer. L. by O. Gregory, 1828 1764.. 1827 
Goodall, Walter. Scottish Antiquary & Historical writer 1706'. 1766 
Goode, Rev. Francis. Divine. ( The Better Covenant). . . 1797'. 1842 
Goodman, Godfrey. English Bishop ; conformed to Rome 1583. . 1655 

Goodrich, Chauncey. American Statesman 1759. .1815 

Goodrich, Chauncey Allen, i>. d. American Divine and 

Scholar; Editor of Webster's Dictionaries 179°- • i860 

Goodrich, Elizur, D. D. American Clergyman & Scholar 1734. .1797 
Goodrich, Sam. Griswold. Peter Parley. Amer. Author 1793. . — 
Goodrich, Thomas. Bishop of Ely (1534-54). Reformer 1480?. 1554 

Goodwin, John. Independent Divine and Politician 1593- .1665 

Goodwin, Thomas. Calvinistic Independent Divine 1600. .1679 

Gookin, Gen. Daniel. American Writer. i6i2 ? . 1687 

Gool, John van. Dutch Painter 1685 . .1763 

Gordian I. M. Antonius. Rom. Emp. (238). Africanus 157.. 238 

Gordian II. Son; colleague of his father (238) 192. . 238 

Gordian III. (238-44) 226. . 244 

Gordon, Alexander. Historical Writer and Egyptologist — --i75o ? 

Gordon, Andrew. Scottish Benedictine; Electrician 1 71 2. . 1751 

Gordon, Bernard. Gordonus. Medical Reformer — aft.i3io ? 

Gordon, Eliz. Brodie, last Duchess of. L. by A. M. Stuart 1774. . 1864 

Gordon, Lord George. Anti-Papist Politician i75°- • *793 

Gordon, James. Scot. Jesuit. {Controversiarum Epitome) 1543.. 1620 
Gordon, Sir John Watson, R. A. Portrait Painter. ...... 1790?. 1S64 

Gordon, Robt., of Stralogh. Geog. (Tkeatrum Scotia) — ..1650? 
Gordon, Thos. Controversialist. {Pillars of Priestcraft) 1684?. 1750 
Gordon, William. Anglo-American Divine & Historian 1730. .1807 
Gordon, William, m. d. People's Friend. Philanthropist 1801 . .1849 

Gore, Catherine Grace Francis, Mrs. Novelist *799- • 1S61 

Gore, Christopher. American Statesman; Governor of 

Massachusetts 175S..1827 

Gorges, Sir Ferdinando. Proprietor of Province of Maine 

and Governor of Plymouth — . . 1647 

Gorgias, of Leontini. Sophist 485?. 380-'' B.C. 

Gori, Anthony Francis. Florentine Antiquary 1691 . .1757 

Gorlseus, Abraham. Dutch Antiquary. {Dactyliotheca) 1549.. 1609 
Goropius, John. Van Gorp. {Oriyines Antverpianai). . . 1518..1572 

Gorran, Nicholas de. French Preacher and Divine 1230. .1295 

Gorres, Jacob Joseph von. See Goerres 1776. .1848 

Gorsas, Anthony Joseph. French Politician 1751 . .1793 

GortchakofT, Demetrius. Russian Poet 1756. .1824 

Gortchakoff, Michael, Prince. Russian Commander. .. . 1795.. 1861 

Gorter, John de. Dutch Medical Writer 1688. .1762 

Gorton, Samuel. New England Enthusiast i6oo ? . 1677 

Goselini, Julian. Italian Writer 1 5 2 5- - 1587 

Goslicki, Lawrence. Polish Writ. {De Optimo Senatore) 1535.. 1607 
Gosnold, Bartholomew. Navigator — ..1607 



182 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN 

Gossec, Francis Joseph. Belgian Musical Composer ... . 1733 
Gosselin, Pascal Francis Joseph. French Geographer .. . 1751 

Gosselini, Julian. Italian Writer 1525 

Gosson, Stephen. Divine and Poet 1554 

Gothe. See Goethe 1749 

Gother, John. Roman Cath. Divine and Controversialist — 

Gothescaleus, or Gottschalk. German Heresiarch 808 

Gothofred, or Godefroi, which see. 

Gotti, Vincent Louis. Italian Cardinal and Theologian. . 1664 

Gottignies, Giles Francis. Belgian Mathematician 1630 

Gottleber, John Christopher. German Critic 1733 

Gottsched, John Christopher. Ger. Poet and Philosopher 1700 

Gottsched, Madame, wife. Dramatic Writer 1713 

Goudelin, or Goudouli, Peter. Gascon Poet 1579 

Goudimel, Claude. French Musical Composer 15 10 

Gouffier, Mary Gabriel Augustus Laurent, Count de 

Choiseul. ( Voyage Pittoresque) 1752 

Gouge, Thomas. Ejected Nonconformist Divine 1605 

Gouge, William. Puritan Divine. {Whole Armor of God) 1575 
Gougeon, or Goujon, John. Fr. Sculptor and Medalist 151 5 
Gouges, Mary Olyrnpe de. French RevolutionaryWriter 1755 

Gough, Richard. Antiquary ,.. . 1735 

Goujet, Claude Peter. French Scholar and Writer 1697 

Goulart, Simon. Fr. Protestant Divine and Hist. Writer 1543 

Goulburn, Rt. Hon. Henry, m. p. Statesman — 

Gould, Hannah Flagg. American Poetess — 

Gould, James. American Jurist 1770 

Gould, Robert. Poet .' — 

Goulin, John. French Writer 1 728 

Goulston, Theodore, m. d. Founder of Goulstonian Lect. 1576 

Goulu, John. French Translator from the Greek 1576 

Goupy, Joseph. French Artist — 

Gourdan, Simon. French Casuist 1646 

Gourgaud, Gaspar, Baron. Fr. Gen. {Napoleon Mem.) 1783 
Gournay, Mary de Jars de. Tenth Muse. French Writer 1566 

Gourville, John Herault de. {Memoires, 1642-98) 1625 

Gousset, James. French Protestant Divine and Hebraist 1635 
Gouthiere, James. Guiherius. Fr. Advocate and Writer 1568 
Gouvea, Anthony de. Goveanus. Portuguese Jurist. . . . 1505 

Gouvea, Anthony de. Portuguese Historian 1570 

Gouvion St. Cyr, Lawrence. Marshal of France 1764 

Gouye, Thomas. French Mathematician 1650 

Gouye de Longuemarre. French Historical Writer . . . 1715 

Gouz de la Boulaye, Francis le. French Traveler 161 o 

Govona, Rosa. Italian Philanthropist 1716 

Gower, John. Poet 1320 

Goya y Lucientes, Francis. Spanish Painter 1 746 

Goyen, John Joseph van. Dutch Painter 1596 

Gozzi, Charles, Count. Italian Dramatist 1772 

Gozzi, Gaspar, Count. Italian Writer 1713 

Gozzoli, Benozzo. Florentine Painter 1408 

Graaf, Reinier de. Dutch Medical Writer 1641 

Graat, or Graet, Bernard. Dutch Historical Painter 1628 

Graaw, or Grauw, Henry. Dutch Painter 1627 



DIED. 
.1829 
.1830 
.1587 
.1623 
.1832 
.1704 
. 867 

.1742 
.1689 
.1785 
.1766 
.1762 
.1649 
.1572 

.1817 
.l68l 
•1653 
.1572 

•1793 
.1809 
.1767 
.1628 
.1856 
.1865 
.1838 
.1708 
.1799 
.1632 
.1629 
.1763 
.1729 
.1852 
.1645 
.1704 
.1704 
.1638 
.1566 
.1628 
.1830 
.1725 

•1763 

.1669? 

.1776 

.I402 

.1828 

.1656 

.1806 

.1786 

.1478 

.1673 

.1709 

.1682 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 183 

BORN. DIED. 

Grabbe, Christian Dietrich. German Dramatist 1801 . . 1836 

Grabe, John Ernest, d. d. Divine and Critic 1666. .1711 

Gracchus, Caius. Tribune 154. 121 b.c. 

Gracchus, Tiberius, brother. Roman Tribune 163. 133 B.C. 

Gracian, Balthasar. Span. Jesuit, Preacher, and Writer 1584. .1658 

.1311 
.1840 
.1772 
.1703 
.1813 
.1758 
.1811 
1757 



Gradenigo, Peter. Doge of Venice 1249 

Graefe, Charles Ferdinand von. German Surgeon 1787 

Graeme, John. Scottish Poet 1748 

Greevius, John George. Classical Antiquary 1632 

Graff, Anthony. German Portrait Painter 1736 

Graffigny, Fiances. (Lettres (tune Perarienne) 1694 

Grafton, Aug. Hen. Fitzroy, Duke of. Polit. and Writer 1736 

Grafton, Charles Fitzroy, Duke of. Politician 1683 

Grafton, Richard. Chronicler and Printer — aft. 1572 



Graggini, Anthony Francis. Italian Poet T-5°?>- - l l^3 

Graham, Catherine Macaulav, Mrs *733- • I 79 I 

Graham, George. Mechanician 1675. .1751 

Graham, Isabella. Philanthropist 1742. .1814 

Graham, Sir James. Companion of Wallace — . .1298 

Graham, James, Marquis of Montrose. Scottish Royalist, 

executed. Life by Wishart, 1819; M. Napier, 1840 . . 1612. .1650 
Graham, Sir James Robert George. Statesman. Life by 

Torrens, 1863 1792. .1861 

Graham, John, of Claverhouse, Viscount Dundee 1650 

Graham, John Andrew, ll. d. Amer. Advocate & Author 1764. .1841 

Graham, Joseph. American Revolutionary Soldier 1759. . 1836 

Graham, Mrs. Maria. See Callcott 1788. .1842 

Graham, Sir Richard, Visct. Preston. Statesm. & Writer 1648. . 1695 
Graham, Robert, M. d. Professor of Botany, Glasgow. . . 1786. . 1845 

Graham, Sylvester. Vegetarian *794- .1851 

Grahame, Rev. James. Poet. (The Sabbath) ..1765. .1811 

Grahame, James. Scottish Historian 1790. • ^42 

Grain, John Baptist le. French Historical Writer 1565 . .1642 

'Graindorge, Andrew. Fr. Physician and Natural Philos. 1616. .1676 
Grainger, James. Physician and Poet. ( Sugar- Cane). . 1723?. 1767 
Grainger, Richard, of Newcastle. Architect and Builder 1798. .1861 
Gramaye, John Baptist. Flemish Traveler, Poet, Hist. 1580?. 1635 
Grammont, Anthony Louis Mary, Duke of. General . . . 1775. .1836 
Grammont, Gabriel de Barthelemi, Seigneur de. Hist. 1590?. 1654 

Grammont, Philibert, Count of. Wit and Courtier 1621. .1707 

Gramont, Anthony, Duke of. Marshal of Fr. ( Memoii's) 1604. . 1678 

Granby, John Manners, Marquis of. General 1721 . .1770 

Grand, Anthony le. Fr. Cartesian Philosopher and Hist. 1 7th c. 



Grand, Joachim le. French Political Writer 1653 

Grand, Louis le. Doctor of the Sorbonne; Theologian. . . 1711 

Grand, Mark Anthony le. French Actor 1673 

Grand. See Legrand. 

Grandet, Joseph, of Angers. Biographer 1646 

Grandi, Ercole. Ercole da Ferrara. Italian Painter . . . 1491 
Grandi, Guy le. Italian Math. (De Infmitis lnjinitomm) 1671 
Grandin, Martin. Doctor of the Sorbonne. {Popular 

Course of Theology) 1604 

Grandmaison, Michael. French Revolutionist 1771 

Grandpre, Louis Mary Jos. Ohier, Ct. de. Navig. & Trav. 1761 



■*733 
.1780 
.1728 

.1724 

•i53i 
.1742 

.1691 

•1794 
.1846 



184 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 



BORN 



DIED. 



Grandville, John Ign. Isid. Gerard. French Caricaturist 1803. .1847 

Granet, Francis. French Critic 1692. .1741 

Granet, Francis Marius. French Painter 1775. • ^49 

Grange, Joseph de Chancel de la. Fr. Poet. {Philippics) 1677. .1758 

Granger, Gideon. American Statesman 1767. .1822 

Granger, Rev. James. {Biographical History of England) 1 7 16 '■ . 1776 
Grant, Mrs. Anne, of Laggan. AYriter. Life by her son 1755. .1838 
Grant, Charles, M. p. East India Director and AYriter. . . 1746. .1823 

Grant, Edward. Classical Poet and Writer — . . 1601 

Grant, Francis, Lord Cullen. Scottish Judge i66o ? . 1726 

Grant, James. Scottish Barrister and Archaeologist 1743- • 1835 

G-rant, Patrick, Lord Preston-Grange. Scottish Judge . . 1698. .1762 

Grant, Sir William. Master of the Rolls 1754- • 1832 

Granvelle, Anthony Perrenot, Lord of. Cardinal 15 16. .1586 

Granville, George, Yiscount Lansdowne. Poet and Polit. 1667. .1735 
Granville, Granville Leveson-Gower, Earl of. Statesman 1773. .1846 

Granville, John Carteret, Earl of. Statesman 1690. .1763 

Granville, or Greenville, Sir Richard. Admiral ^Q- • J 591 

Gras, Anthony le. French AYriter. {Apostolit Fathers) . i68o ? .i75i 

Graswinkel, Theodore. Dutch Publicist 1600. . 1666 

Gratarolus, William. Ital. Physician & Writer at Basle 1516. .1568 

Gratian. Roman Emperor (367-83) » . . . 359. . 383 

Gratiani, Jerome. Italian Poetical and Prose Writer. ... fl. 17th c. 
Gratiolet, Louis Peter. Physiologist. (Anatomie Compa- 
red du Systeme Nerveux) 1815 . . 1865 

Gratius, Ortwinus. Graes. German AA 7 riter. (Lamenta- 

tiones Obscurorum Vlrorum) — . .1541 

Grattan, Henrv. Orator and Statesman. Life by sons, 

1841; D. 0". Madden, 1846 1750.. 1820 

Grattan, Thomas Colley. Novelist i796 ? . 1S64 

Graun, Charles Henry. German Musical Composer 1701. .1759 

Graunt, Edward. Master of AYestminster School. ( Graicaz 

Lingua Specilegium) 1550?. 1601 

Graunt, John. Citizen of London. {Bills of Mortality) 1620. .1674 
Gravelot, Hubert Francis Bourguignon. Fr. Engraver. . 1699. . 1773 
Graverol, Francis. French Advocate. {Soberiana) . . . . 1636.. 1694 

Graves, Rev. John. Antiquary — . .1729 

Graves, Rev. Richard. Novelist and Poet 1715 . . 1804 

Graves, Richard. Dean of Ardagh. {Pentateuch) 1763.. 1829 

Gravesande, AA T m. Jas. van 's. Dutch Geomet. & Philos. 16S8. .1742 
Gravina, Dominic da. Italian Hist. {Lo Storicodi Nap>oli) fl. 1330-50 

Gravina, John Vincant. Italian Jurist 1664. .1718 

Gravina, Peter. Italian Poet I 453- -!5 2 7 

Gray, Thomas. Poet. Life by Mitford; Mason, 1778 . . . 1716. .1771 

Graydon, Alexander. American AA'riter 1752. . 1818 

Graziani, Anthony Mary. Italian Bishop and Writer. . . 1537. .1611 
Grazzini, Anthony Francis. IlLasca. Italian Writer . . 1503. .1583 

Grazzini, John Paul, of Ferrara. Painter — . . 1632 

Greatorex, Thomas. Musical Composer 1758. .1831 

Greatrakes, Valentine. Irish Medical Empiric 1628. aft. 1680 

Greaves, John. Orientalist & Math. {Pyramidographia) 1602. .1652 

Grechetto. Benedict Castiglione. Genoese Painter 1616. .1670 

Grecourt, J. Bapt. Jos. Yillart de. French Poet and Wit 16S3 . .1743 
Green, Ashbel, D.D, American Clergyman and Writer 1762. .1848 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 



185 



BORN. 

Green, Edward Burnaby. Poetical "Writer and Translator 1 740 

Green, Jacob. American Writer on Science 1790 

Green, John. Bishop of Lincoln. {Religious Enthusiasm) 1706 

Green, John Richard. See Gifford 175S 

Green, Joseph Henry. Anatomist. ( Vital Dynamics ). . . 1791 

Green, Matthew. Poet. The Spleen 1696 

Green, Richard. Ship Owner of London 1804 

Green, Thomas. Writer. {Micthodian) 1770 

Green, Valentine. Engraver. {History of Worcester) .. . 1739 

Greene, Dr. Maurice. Musical Composer 1696 

Greene, Nathaniel. American Revolutionary General. . . 1742 

Greene, Robert. Humorous Poet. LifebyDyce 1560 

Greene, Thomas. Bishop. {Four Last Things) 1658 

Greenfield, William. Orientalist. ( Comprehensive Bible) — 

Greenhill, John. Painter 1649 

Greennill, Rev. William, of Stepney. ( On Ezekiel) — 

Greenhow, Robert. American Author 1800 

Greenleaf, Simon. American Jurist 1783 

Greenougn, Horatio. American Sculptor 1805 

Greenville, Sir Bevil. Royalist, fell at Landsdowne. . . . 1596 

Greenville, or Grenville, Sir Richard. Admiral I 54° 

Greenwood, Francis William Pitt, d. t>. Amer. Divine 1797 

Gregan, John Edgar. Architect of Manchester 1813 

Gregoire, Henry. "Constitutional" Bishop of France . . 1750 

Gregor, Rev. William. Chemist 1762 

Gregorio, Rosario. Sicilian Historian and Archaeologist 1753 

Gregory- Thaumaturgus. Bishop of Cgesarea 212 

Gregory Nazianzen. Bishop of Constantinople (380-81). 

Life by Godfrey Hermant ; Ullrnann, 1825 314 

Gregory, St. Bishop of Nyssa 332 

Gregory, St. Bishop of Toms (573-95). Historian 544 

Gregory I. Pope (590-604). The Great. {Gregorian 

Chant.) Life bv Denis de Sainte-Marthe, 1697 544 

Gregory H. (715-731) — 

Gregory in. (731-41) — 

Gregory IV. (827-44) — 

Gregory V. (996-99.) Bruno 972 

Gregory VI. (1044-46.) John Gratian — 

Gregory VII. (1073-85.) Hildebrand. Life by J. C 

Dithmar: Voigt: Sonstral; J. W. Bowden, 1841 — 

Gregory VIII. (1187.) Albert di Mora — 

Gregory IX. (1227-41.) Ugolino die' Conti di Segni. ... — 

Gregory X. (1271-76.) Theobald Visconti — 

Gregory XI. (1370-78.) Peter Roger de Montroux ... . 1329 

Gregory XII. (14O0-9.) Angeh Conrario 1325 

Gregory XIII. (1572-85.) Hugh Buoncompagno 1502 

Gregory XIV. (1590-91.) Nicholas Sfondrati 1534 

Gregory XV. (1621-23.) Aiexandt r budovisio 1554 

Gregory XVI. (1831-46.) Maviro Capettari 1765 

Gregory, David. Savilian Professor. ( Catenary) 1661 

Gregory, Edmund. [Anatomy of Christian Melancholy). . — 
Gregory, Geo., d. d. Divine and Misc. Writer. {Essays) 1754 
Gregory, .ra<. Math. Inventor of Reflecting Telescope. 1638 
Gregory, John. Divine and Historical Writer 1607 



186 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Gregory, John, m. d. Professor. ( Human and Animal 

Faculties.) Life by Lord Woodhouselee ; Smellie .... 1724. .1773 
Gregory* Olynthus Gilbert, ll. r>. Mathematician and 

Religious Writer. Life by Robert Hall, 1849 1774- .1841 

Gregory, Peter, of Toulouse. Writer I 54°- • 1597 

Greig, Samuel Carlowitz. Russian Naval Officer — . .1788 

Grellet, Stephen. Quaker Missionary 1773- -^SS 

Grenada, Louis de. Dominican Writer and Preacher . . . 1505 . .1588 

Grenan, Benignus. French Latin Poet i68i ? .i723 

Grenfell, Pascoe, m. p. Slavery Abolitionist 1762. .1838 

Grenier, James Raymond. French Hydrographer 1736. . 1803 

Grenville, George. Statesman 171 2. .1770 

Grenville, George, Lord Nugent. Statesman 1788. . 1851 

Grenville, Thos. Statesman. Collector of Grenville Lib. 1755. .1846 

Grenville, William Wyndham, Lord. Statesman 1759. . 1834 

Greppi, John. Italian Dramatist 1751..1811 

Gresham, Sir Thomas. Life by Seth Ward; Burgon, 1839 1519. .1579 
Gresset, J. Bapt. Louis. Fr. Poet and Dram. ( Vert Vert) 1709. .1777 

Gressly, Amand. Swiss Geologist 1814''. 1865 

Gretry, Andrew Ernest Modeste. Fr. Musical Composer. 1741..1813 
Gretser, James. Ger. Jesuit. Theologian, and Antiquary 1561. .1625 

Greuze, John Baptist. French Painter 1726. . 1805 

Grevenbroeck. Flemish Painter fl. 17th c. 

Greville, Charles. Politician 1794. . 1865 

Greville, Sir Fulke, Lord Brooke. Poet and Philosopher 1554. .1628 
Grevin, James. French Poet, Painter, and Medical Writer 1539. . 1570 
Grevius, or Graevius, John George. Classical Antiquary. 1632. .1703 

Grew, Nehemiah. Vegetable Physiologist 1628. .1711 

Grew, Obadiah. Ejected Nonconf. Div. ( The Prodigal Son) 1607. .1698 
*Grey, Charles, Second Earl. Prime Minister (1830-3-4) . . 1764. .1845 
Grey, LadyJane. L.by G.Howard,1822; Sir H.Nicolas, 1825 1537. .1554 
Grey, Richard, D. d. Divine. (Memoria Technica) .... 1694.. 1771 
Grey, Zachary, ll. d. Divine, and Miscellaneous Writer 1687. .1766 
Gribaldi, Matthew. Mofa. Italian Writer on Civil Law — . .1564 
Griboyedov, Alex. Sergievich. Russian Poet and Diplom. 1795 . . 1829 

Gridley, Philo. American Jurist 1796. . 1864 

Gridley, Jeremiah. American Lawyer 1 705?. 1767 

Griebner, Michael Henry. Jurist at Wittemberg 1682. . 1734 

Grierson, Constantia. Irish Scholar 1706. .1733 

Griesbach, John James. Editor of Greek Testament . . . 1745 • • J 8i2 

GrifTet, Henry. French Jesuit Writer 1698. .1771 

Griffier, John. The Elder. Landscape Painter 1645 • -1718 

Griffier, Robert, son. The Younger. Painter in England 1688. aft.i 713 



Griffin, Edmund Dorr. American Divine and Writer . . . 1 
Griffin, Edward Dorr. American Divine and Educator 1770 

Griffin, Gerald. Irish Novelist 1803 

""Griffith, Mrs. Elizabeth. Novelist 1 730 

Griffith, Michael. Jesuit. {Annales JEcclesice Britannicce) 1587 

Griffith, William. Naturalist 1810 

Griffiths, Ralph. Editor of the Monthly Review 1720 

Grignan, Frances Margaret de Sevigne, Countess of. Epis- 

tolographer 1646 

Grignon, James. French Engraver fl. 

Grijalva, John de. Spanish Navigator — 



1830 
•1837 
.1840 

•1793 
.1652 
.1845 
.1803 

.1705 

680 

.1527 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 187 

BORN. DIED. 

Grimaldi, Francis Mary. Jesuit Mathematician 1618. . 1663 

Grimaldi, Jerome. Cardinal and Nuncio 1597. . 1685 

Grimaldi, John Francis. 11 Bolognese. Painter 1606. . 1680 

Grimaldi, Joseph. Clown 1779.. 1837 

Grimaldij-Stace}', f. s. A. Antiquary and Genealogist . . — ..1863 

Grimani, Dominic. Cardinal. Patron of Art 1460 . .1523 

Grimani, Hubert. Portrait Painter of Delft 1 599 .. 1629 

Grimarest, John L^onor le Gallois, Sieurde. Fr. Writer — . .1720 
Grimaud, John Chas. M. W. de. Med. Writ at Montpellier 1 750 . . 1 789 
Grimke, Thomas Smith. American Lawyer and Scholar 1778. .1834* 
Grimm, Frederick Melchior, Baron. Diplomatist. ( Cor- 

respondance Litter aire,) I7 2 3- • 1807 

Grimm, Jacob Louis Chas. Philol. (Deutsches Worterbuch) 1785. .1863 

Grimm, William Charles. Philologist 1786. . 1859 

Grimmer, James. Landscape Painter of Antwerp 15 10. . 1546 

Grimoard, Philip Henry, Count de. French Diplomatist, 

General, Writer 1750. .1815 

Grimoux, Alexis, or John. Swiss Painter 1688. .1740 

Grimston, Sir Harbottle. Lawyer, Speaker J 594- -1683 

Grindal, Edm. Abp. of Cant. (1576-83). L. by Strype, 1710 1519. . 1583 

Grinfield, Rev. E. W. Biblical Critic 1784-'. 1864 

Gringoire, or Gringore, Peter. French Poet 1478^. 1544? 

Grisaunt, William. English Astrologer and Physician . . — aft. 1360 

Griseom, John, ll. d. American Educator 1774- .1852 

Griswold, Alexander Viets, d. d. American Divine 1766. . 1843 

Griswold, Roger. Governor of Connecticut 1762. . 1812 

Griswold, Rums Wilmot. American Author 181 5 . . 1854 

Gritti, Andrew. Doge of Venice I 454- . 1538 

Grive, John de la. French Geographer 1689. . 1757 

Grocyn, William, of Oxford. Scholar 1442. .1519 

Gronmann, John Godfrey. Compiler and Translator'. . . — . .1805 
Grolier, John. Fr. Statesm., Patr. of Learn., & Collector 1479. .1565 

Grolmann, Charles Louis William. German Jurist 1775. -1829 

Gronovius, James. ( Thesaurus Antiquitatum Grcecarum) 1645 . .1716 
Gronovius, John Fred.., of Leyden. Critic. ( Observations) 161 1 . . 1671 
Gronovius, John Frederick. Botanist. (Flora Orientalis) 1690.. 1762 
Gronovius, Laur. Theod. Nat. (Museum Icthyoloyicum) 1730.. 1777 
Gronow, Rees Howell. Captain. Writer. (Recollections) 1794. .1865 
Groot, Gerhard. Founder of the " Brethren and Clerks 

of the Common Life " 1340 . .1384 

Groot, or Grotius, Hugo de, which see 1583. . 1645 

Gros, Anthony John, Baron. French Painter 1771 . . 1835 

Gros, Nicholas le. French Theologian 1675. .1751 

Gros, Peter le. French Sculptor 1666. .1719 

Grose, Francis. Antiquary and Miscellaneous Writer. . . 1731. .1791 
Grosley, Peter John. French Law Writer. (Londres). . 171S. .1785 
Grosseteste, or Greathead, Robert. Bishop of Lincoln. 

Life by Bardney ; Pegge 1 1 75 ? . 1253 

Grossmann, Gustavus Fred. Wni. Ger. Actor and Dram. 1746. .1796 
Grotefend, Dr. George Frederick. Cuneiform Decipherer 1775. .1853 
Grotius, Hugo. De Groot. Life by Cattenberg; Barksdale, 
1652 ; J. L. de Burigny, 1754 ; Luden, 1806 ; Chas. But- 
ler, 1826 1583.. 1645 

Grotius, Wm., br. Lawyer. (Enchiridion de Principiis) 1597. .1662 



188 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. 

Groto, Louis. II Cieco. Italian Poet 1541 . 

Grouchy, Emanuel, Marquis of. Marshal of France 1766. 

Grove, Henry. Nonconformist Divine. L. by T. Amory 1683. 

Grove, Joseph. (Life of Cardinal Wolsey) — . 

Gruber, John Godfrey. German Writer 1774- 

Gruehius, or Grouchy, Nich. Fr. Scholar. (DeComitiis) 1520? 

Grudius, Nicholas Everard, of Brabant. Latin Poet 1515? 

Grundy, Felix. American Statesman ^777 • 

Gruner, John Frederick. German Theologian & Scholar 1723. 
Gruter, John. (Inscriptiones ; Thesawrus; Deliciaz Poet.) 1560. 
Gruter, Peter. Flemish Phys. ( Century of Latirt Letters) 1555? 

Grynseus, John James. Swiss Protestant Divine i54°- 

Grynaeus, Simon. Swiss Classical Scholar and Reformer 1493. 

Gryphius, Andrew. German Dramatist 1616. 

Gryphius, Christian. Scholar. {Poems in German) 1649. 

Gryphius, Sebastian, of Lyons. Printer 1493 . 

Guadagno, Gaetano. Singer 1725 '■ 

Guadagnoli, Philip. Orientalist I596 ? 

Gua de Malves, John Paul de. French "Writer. (L' Ana- 
lyse de Descartes) 1713 

Guadet, Margaret Eli. French (Girondist) Statesman. . . 1758 
Guagnino, Alexander. {Rerum Polonicarum Scriptores) 1538 
Gualdo-Priorato, Galeas. Italian Soldier and Historian 1606 
Gualterus, Rodolphus. Walther. Swiss Prot. Theologian 15 19 

Guarin, Peter. Benedictine of Eouen. Hebraist 1678 

Guarini, Camillo Guarino. Italian Architect 1624 

Guarini, John Baptist. Italian Poet. (II Pastor Fido). . 1537 
Guarino, of Verona. Reviver of Learning. Life by Ros- 

mini, 1805 1370 

Guasco, Octavian. Italian Writer 1712 

Guatimozin. Last King of Mexico ; murdered by Cortes — 

Guay-Trouin, Rene" du. French Naval Officer 1673 

Guazzo, Mark. Italian Historical Writer 1496 

Guazzo, Stephen. Italian Poet and Writer 1530 

Gubbio, Oderigi da. Italian Painter — 

Gude, or Gudius, Marquard. German Antiquary 1635 

Gudiri de la Brenellerie, Paul Philip. French Writer 1738 
Gudius, Gottlob Fred. Lutheran Minister and Writer . . 1701 
Guedier de St. Aubin, Hen. Mich. (Des deux Alliances) 1695 
Guerard, Benjamin Edme Charles. French Archaeologist 1797 
Guerard, Robt. Fr. Benedict. (Abridgment of the Bible) 1641 
Guerehi, Claude Louis Francis Regnier, Count de. Gen- 
eral and Ambassador 1715 

Guercino da Cento. See Barbieri. Painter 1590 

Gueret, Gabriel. (Le Parnasse Reforme) 1641 

Guericke, Otto von. Experimental Philosopher 1602 

Guerin, Eugenie de. (Journal) — 

Guerin, John Baptist Paulin. French Painter 1783 

Guerin, Mam-ice de. French Writer — 

Guerin, Peter Narcissus. French Painter 1774 

Gueriniere, Frs. Robichion de la. (D Ecole de Cavalerie) — 

Gueroult, Peter Claude Bernard. French Writer 1744 

Guerrero, Vincent. Mexican Dictator — 

Guesclixij Bertrand du. See Duguesclin 13 14 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 189 

BORN. DIED. 

Guess, Geo. Sequoyah. Inventor of Cherokee Alphabet 1770?. 1843 
Guettard, John Stephen. Fr. Botanist and Mineralogist 1 715. .1786 
Gueulette, Thomas Simon. Fr. Novelist and Dramatist 1683'. 1766 
Guevara, Anthony de. Span. Writer. {Dial of Princes) 1490.. 1544 

Guevara, John Ninno de. Spanish Painter 1632. . 1698 

Guevara, Louis Velez de. Spanish Poet. {El Diab.Coju.) 1574. -.1646 

Guglielmi, Peter. Italian Musician and Composer 1727. . 1804 

Guglielmini, Dominic. Italian Phys. and Mathematician 1655 . .1710 
Guibert, Abbot, of Nogent. (Gesta Dei per Francos). . . 1053. .1124 
Guibert, James Anthony Hippolytus, Count de. French 

Soldier and Writer. {Essai General de Tactique) 1743- • I 79° 

Guicciardini, Francis, of Florence. {History of Italy). . 1482. .1540 
Guicciardini, Louis, neph. {Descript. of the Low Countries) 1523 . .1589 

Guichard, Claude de. {Funerals of the Ancients) — . . 1607 

Guiehenon, Samuel. French Historian. {House of Savoy) 1607.. 1664 

Guidi, Charles Alexander. Italian Poet 1650. .1712 

Guidi, Thomas. 11 Mamccio. Florentine Painter 1402. .1443 

Guidiccioni, John. Italian Statesman and Writer 1500. .1541 

Guido Aretino, or d'Arezzo. Restorer of Music 990 ''■ . — 

Guido Canlassi. Cagnacci. Italian Historical Painter 160 1. .1681 

Guido Keni. Italian Painter i574 ? • 1642 

Guido Ubaldo, Mary. Italian Mathematician 1540?. i6oi ? 

Guidott, Thos. ( On Natural Baths and Mineral Waters) 1638. aft. 1695 
Guidotti Borghese, Paul. Italian Painter, Sculptor, and 

Architect 1569. .1629 

Guignard, John. Briquarel. French Jesuit; executed — •• I 595 
Guignes, Christopher Louis Joseph. French Orientalist 1759.. 1845 
Guignes, Joseph de. Orientalist. {Hist, of the Huns, dj-c.) 1 721 . . 1800 

Guignon, John Peter. Violinist 1702. .1774 

Guilandinus, Melehior. Phys. and Bot. of Konigsberg — ..1589 
Guilbert de Pix6r6court, Rene' Charles. Fr. Dramatist 1773. .1844 
Guild, William. Scottish Divine. Life by Dr. Shirreffs 1586. .1657 

Guilford, Francis North, Lord. Lord Keeper ^37- .1685 

Guilhem de Clermont-Lodeve, William Emanuel Jo- 
seph, Baron de St. Croix. French Historian and Pub- 
licist. {Examen des Historiens tZ' Alexandre) 1746. .1809 

Guillain, Simon. Sculptor of Paris 1 581 . . 1658 

Guillelmus Gemmeticensis. William of Jumieges. . . . fl. 1070-87 

Guillelmus Pictavensis. William of Poitiers 1020 ? . aft. 1 088 ? 

Guillemain, Gabriel. Violinist 1705 . .1770 

Guillemeau, James. French Surgeon 1550?. 1613 

Guilleminot, Armand Charles, Count. French General 

and Diplomatist 1774- • 1840 

Guillet de St. Georges, George. French Historian 1625?. 1705 

Guilliaud, Claude. French Biblical Writer fl. 16th c. 

Guillim, John. Heraldic Writer. {Display of Heraldry) 1565..1621 
Guillon, Mary Nich. Silvester. Bp. of Beauvais. Writer 1760. .1847 

Guillotin, Joseph Ignatius. French Physician 173&- .1814 

Guinand, M. Swiss Optician i745 ? . 1825 

Guinicelli, Guido. Italian Judge and Poet — . .1276 

Guinther, John. German Medical Writer 1487. -'574 

Guiscard, Robert, Duke of Apulia. Norman Conqueror ioi5 ? . 1085 
Guischard, or Guischardt, Charles Theophilus. Quintus 

Icilius. Tactician 1742. .1775 



190 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Guise, Antoinette de Bourbon, Duchess of. 1493- -1583 

Guise, Charles of. Cardinal of Lorraine. Minister of 

Francis II. and Charles IX ^S 2 ^- • I 574 

Guise, Charles de Lorraine, Fourth Duke of ?. 1571 . . 1640 

Guise, Claude de Lorraine, First Duke of 1496. .1550 

Guise, Francis of Lorraine, Duke of. Commander; as- 
sassinated 1519. .1563 

Guise, Francis Joseph de Lorraine, 7th and last Duke of 1670. .1675 
Guise, Henry of Lorraine, Duke of. Balafre. Persecu- 
tor; assassinated. Life by Valincourt I 55°-' I 558 

Guise, Henry II. de Lorraine, Fifth Duke of. Warrior. . 1614. .1664 

Guise, John de Lorraine de. Cardinal I 498- .1550 

Guise, Louis II. de Lorraine, Cardinal de 1555. .1588 

Guise, Louis III. de Lorraine, Cardinal de 1575 or 85 . 1621 

Guise, Louis Joseph de Lorraine, Sixth Duke of 1650. . 1671 

Guise, William. English Divine and Orientalist 1653. . 1684 

Guittone d'Arezzo, Fra. Italian Poet 1230?. 1294 

Guizot, Madame Elizabeth Charlotte Pauline. Writer. . . 1773. .1827 

Guldenstaedt, John Anthony. Russian Naturalist 1745 . . 1781 

Guldinus, Habakkuk. Mathemat. (DeCenlro Gracitatis) 1577.. 1643 

Gunderode, Caroline von. German Poetess 1780. . 1806 

Gundling, Nicholas Jerome. German Philosopher 1671 . .1729 

Gundulitsch, Ivan. Serbian Poet 1588 . . 1638 

Gundulph. Bishop of Rochester. Architect — . .1108 

Gunner, John Ernest. Norwegian Naturalist 1718. .1773 

Gunning, Peter. Bishop of Ely (1675-84) 1613. . 1684 

Gunst, Peter van. Dutch Portrait Engraver 1667?. — 

Gunter, Rev. Edmund. Inventor of Gunter's Scale 1581. .1626 

Gurnal, William, of Lavenham. Divine. ( Christian in 

Complete Armor) 161 7. . 1679 

Gurney, Hudson, m. p. Antiquarian and Poet. ( Cupid 

and Psyche) I774 ? • 1864 

Gurney, Jos. John, of Earlham. L. by Braithwaite, 1851 1788. . 1847 
Gurney, Thomas. Short-hand Writer. (Brachyyraphy) 1705? .1770 
Gurwood, John. Colonel. Ed. of Wellington l/ispatch'es 1790. .1845 
Gusman, Bartholomew Lawrence de. Brazilian Engi- 
neer 1 685?. aft. 1 724 

Gusman, Louis. Spanish Jesuit; Writer — . . 1605 

Gustavusl. King of Sweden (1523-60). Vasa. Life by 

Archenholz ; Count Selly, 1807 1490. .1560 

GustavusII. (1611-32.) Adolphus. Life by Chapman ; 
DfrPrade, tr. bv Spence, 1689 ; E. D. Mauvillon, 1764; 
W. Harte and Stockdale, 1807 ; A. F. Gfroerer, 1831 ; 

J. F. Holling, 1839 ; Oxenstierna '. 1594. . 1632 

Gustavus III. (1771-92.) Life by Possett; Geisler; 

Oxenstierna 1746. .1792 

Gustavus IV. (1792-1809) 1778. . 1837 

Gutch, John. Antiquary. ( Collectanea Curiosa) 1745 . . 1831 

Gutch, John Mathew, f. s. a., son. Author 1777- • 1861 

Gutenberg, John, of Mentz. Printer 1400?. 1468? 

Guthieres, James. French Advocate and Antiquary ... — . . 1638 
Guthrie, William. Historical and Miscellaneous Writer 1708. .1770 
Guthry, Henry. Bishop of Dunkeld. Historian. Life by 

George Crawford — . . 1676 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 191 

BORN. DIED. 

Guts-Muths, John Christopher Frederick. German In- 
structor of Youth , 1759- l8 39 

Gutzlaff, Dr. Charles. Chinese Scholar and Missionary . . 1803. .1851 
Guy of Lusignan. King of Jerusalem and of Cyprus. . 1 140?. 1 194 

Guy, Thomas. Founder of Guy's Hospital 1644. .1724 

Guyard de Berville. French Historical Writer 1697. .177° 

Guyet, Francis. French Critic 1 575 • • l( >55 

Guyon, Claude Mary. French Historical Writer 1699. .1771 

Guyon, Madame J ane Mary Bouvier de la Mothe. Mystic. 

Life by self, translated by Cowper; T. C Upham, 185 1. 1648. .1717 
Guyon, Richard Debaufre. Hungarian General during 

1848-49. . , 1813 . . 1856 

Guys, Peter Augustine. ( Voyage Litteraire de la Grece) 1720. .1799 
Guyse, John. Independent Div. (Paraphrase on N. Test.) 1680.. 1761 
Guyton de Morveau, Louis Bernard. French Chemist 1737. .1816 

Gwilt, George. Architect and Antiquary 1775- -i 8 5 6 

Gwilt, Joseph. Saxonist and Writer on Architecture 1784. . 1863 

Gwilym, David ap. David of Glamorgan. Welsh Bard 1340. .1400? 
Gwinne, Matthew, M.D. Gresham Profess. Med.Writer 1554?. 1627 

Gwynn, Eleanor. Actress. Favorite of Charles II — • • 1687 

Gyges. Lydian Prince fl.Sth c. B.C. 

GyUenborg-Ehrensverd, Thomasina Christina Buntzen, 

Madame. Danish Romancist 1773- • l8 5^ 

Gyrowetz, Adalbert. Bohemian Composer i7 6 3- • l8 5° 

Gyzen, Peter. Flemish Painter 1636. .1700? 



192 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

H. 

BORN 

Haansbergen, John van. Painter of Utrecht 1642 

Haas, John Matthew. Ger. Geogr. and Hist. (Hist. Atlas) 16S4 

Haas, John Philip de. American General 1735 

Haas, William. Swiss Type Founder and Printer 1741 

Habakkuk. Prophet of Judah fl. b. 

Haberlixi, Charles Frederick. Jurist — 

Haberlin, Francis Dominic. Ger. Historian and Antiq. 1720 

Habert, Francis. French Poet •. . 1520 

Habert, Isaac. French Bishop and Anti-Jansenist — 

Habert, Philip. French Academician. Poetical Writer. . 1605 
Habert de Qerisy, Germain. French Writer and Poet. . 161 5 
Habicot, Nicholas. French Surgeon and Medical Writer 1550 

Habington, Thomas. Conspirator 1560 

Habington, William, son. Poet and Historian 1605 

Hachette, John Nicholas Peter. French Mathematician 1 769 
Hackaert, or Hakkert, John. Dutch Landscape Painter 1636 

Hackert, Philip. German Landscape Painter 1737 

Hacket, John. Bp. of Lichfield and Cov. L. by Plume 1592 

Hacket, William. Fanatic — 

Hackley, Rev. Charles W. Mathematical Writer 1809 

Hackspan, Theodore. Ger. Orientalist and Theologian 1607 

Hacquet, Balthasar. French Naturalist 1740 

Haddik, Andrew, Count von. German Field Marshal. . . 1710 
Haddon, Walter. (Reformatio Legum jEcclesiasticarum) 15 16 
Hadji Khalifah. Mustafa-ben- Abdullah. Turkish Hist. — 

Hadley, John. Inventor of the Quadrant — 

Hadrian. Roman Emperor (117-138). L. by Spartianus 76 

Haen, Anthony van. Dutch Medical Writer 1704 

Haerlem, Theodore, or Dirk van. Dutch Painter 1410 

HafenrefTer, Samuel. German Medical Writer 1587 

Hafiz, Mohammed. Persian Poet; tr. by Sir W.Jones. . — 
Hagedorn, Christian Louis von. (Remarks on Painting) 1713 

Hagedom, Frederick von. German Poet 1708 

Hagen, Fred. Henry von der. Ger. Literary Hist. & Critic 1780 

Hagen, John van. Landscape Painter fl.16 

Hager, Joseph von. Italian Orientalist 1757 

Haggai. Prophet of Judah fl. b 

Hague, Dr. Charles. Musical Composer 1769 

Haguenier, John. French Poet — 

Haguenot, Henry. Medical Writer of Montpellier 1687 

Halm, Dr. Charles Augustus. Philologist 1807 

Hahn, Philip Matthew. Mechanical Inventor 1739 

Hahn, Simon Frederick. Historian 1692 

Hahnemann, Samuel Christian Frederick. Founder of 

Homoeopathy 1755 

Hailes, Dav. Dalrymple, Ld. Judge. (Annals of Scotland) 1726 
Haillan, Bernard de Girard, Sieur d'. (Hist.' of France) 1535 

Haines, Joseph. Comedian — 

Hakem-Bamrillah. Caliph of Egypt (996-1020) 985 

Hakewillj Rev. George. (Power and Providence of God) 1579 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 193 



BORN. DIED. 



Hakewill, James. {History of Windsor) — 

Hakim Ben Allah, or Ben Hashem. Arabian Moham- 
medan Sectary 8th 

Hakluyt, Richard. ( Voyages and Discoveries) l S53 ! 

Haldane, James Alexander. Preacher. (Atonement.) 

Life by Alexander Haldane 1768. 

Haldane, Robert. Writer. (Evidences; Romans.) Life 

by Alexander Haldane 1764 

Halde, John Baptist du. Jesuit. Writer on China 1674 

Hale, David. American Journalist 1791 

Hale, Sir .Matthew. Judge. Life by Bishop Burnet, 1682 ; 

Dr. Williams ; Roscoe 1609 

Hale, Nathan. American Revolutionary Officer 1755 

Hale, Nathan, ll. d. American Journalist 1784 

Hales, Alexander. Irrefragable Doctor. Theologian... — 
Hales, John, of Eton. Ever Memorable. L. by Des Maizeaux 1584 
Hales, Stephen, d. d. Philosopher. ( Vegetable Statics) 1677 
Hales, Rev. Dr. Wm.,of Kildare. (Analysis of Chronology) — 
Hal6vy, Jas. Francis Fromenthal filie. Fr. Mus. Comp. 1799 

Halford, Sir Henry, M. D. Physician 1766 

Halhed, Nathaniel Brassy. Orientalist 1751 

Haliburton,Thomas Chandler, M. p. Nova Scotian Judge, 

Author, and Politician. ( Sam Slick) 1796 

Halifax, Charles Montague, Earl of. Statesman and Poet 1661 
Halifax, Ceo. Saville, 1st V. C. & 1st Marquess of. Statesm. 1630 
Halifax, Samuel. Bishop of St. Asaph. Editor of Butler 1733 
Halket, Lady Anne. Medical and Theological Writer. . . 1622 
Hall, Basil. Capt. r. n. Writer of Voyages and Travels 1788 

Hall, Edward. Historian. ( Chronicles) 1499 

Hall, Gordon. American Missionary 1784 

Hall, Sir James, of Edinburgh. Scientific Writer 1760 

Hall, John, of Durham. Poet 1627 

Hall, John E. American Author 1783 

Hall, Joseph. Bishop of Norwich, (Contemplations.) Life 

by Pratt, 1808 1574 

Hall/Dr. Marshall. Physician. Life by Mrs. Hall 1790 

Hall, Rd. Rom. Cath. Div. (Hist.oflheTroublesofhisTime) — 
Hall, Robert. Baptist Preacher. Life bv 0. Gregory; J. 

W. Morris, 1846 1764 

Hall, Robert Pleasants. American Lawyer and Poet. . . . 1825 

Hallam, Arthur Henry. Life by J. Brown, m. d 181 1 

Hallam, Henry. Historian. (Europe in the Middle Ages) 17 78 

Halle, Anthony. French Latin Poet 1593 

Halle, Claude "Guy. French Painter 1652 

Halle, or Halley, Peter. French Civilian and Poet 161 1 

Haller, Albert von. Physician, Philosopher, Poet. Life 

by J. G. Zimmermann, 1755; Thomas Henry, 1783. . . 1708 
Haller, Amadeus Emanuel, son. Hist, and Numismatist 1735 

Haller, John. German Sculptor 1782 

Hallet, Joseph. Controv. Div. (Study of Holy Scripture) 1692 

Halley, Edmund. Astronomer 1656 

Halliday, Sir Andrew. Physician and Historical Writer — 

Hallier, Francis. French Theologian 1595 

Hallifax, or Halifax, Samuel. Bishop. Editor of Butler 1733 
13 



843 

616 

857 



194 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 



BORN. DIED. 
826 

837 
656 
656 
699 
712 
788 
716 

773 
755 
706 
862 
782 
229 

804 

720 

343 
816 
815 

797 

805 

649 

829 
857 



Hallock, Jeremiah. American Divine 1758. . 

Hallock, Moses, brother. Clergyman 1 760 . . 

Hals, Dirk van. Painter J589. . 

Hals, Francis van, brother. Dutch Portrait Painter 1584. . 

Halton, Immanuel. Astronomer and Mathematician ... . 1627?. 
Halyburton, Thomas. Scottish Divine. Life by self. . . 1674. • 
Hamann, John Geo. Ger. Philos. (Magus of the North) 1730. . 
Bamberger, George Albert. Mathematician of Franconia 1662.. 
Hamberger, George Christopher. Scholar of Gbttingen 1729.. 

Hamberger, George Edward. Medical Writer ^97 . . 

Hamel, John Baptist du. French Divine 1624 ; 

Hamel, Dr. Joseph. Writer on Physical Science 1788?, 

Hamel du Monceau, Henry Louis du. French Botanist 1700. . 
Hamilcar Barca. Punic General ; lather of Hannibal . . — B.c 
Hamilton, Alexander. American Statesman. Life by J. 

C. Hamilton, 1842 1757- • 

Hamilton, Anthony, Count. (Memoirs of Gramntont) . . 1646. . 

Hamilton, David. Scottish Architect 1768. . 

Hamilton, Mrs. Eliz. "Writer. Life by Miss Benger, 1818 1758. . 

Hamilton, Emma, Lady. Friend of Nelson 1 761 . . 

Hamilton, Gavin. Historical Painter i73o ? - 

Hamilton, Hugh. Bp. Ossory. Math. (Conic Sections) 1729. . 
Hamilton, James, First Duke of. Defeated at Preston; 

beheaded. L. by Nedham, 1649; Bishop Burnet, 1676 1606. . 

Hamilton, James. Author of Hamiltonian System 1775 . . 

Hamilton, James. American Statesman 1786. . 

Hamilton, John. Secular Priest. Life by Lord Hailes fl. 1600 ? 

Hamilton, Patrick. Scottish Reformer 1503. .1527 

Hamilton, Robert. Scottish Math, and Polit. Economist 1743. -1829 
Hamilton, Captain Thomas. Writer. (Cyril Tliornton) 1789. .1842 
Hamilton, Wm., Duke of. Taken at Wore. L. by Burnet 1616. . 1652 
Hamilton, Wm., of Bangour. Poet. (Braes of Yarrow) 1704. .1754 

Hamilton, William, R. A. Historical Painter 1750. . 1801 

Hamilton, Sir William. Ambassador at Naples i73°- • 1803 

Hamilton, Sir William. Professor of Metaphysics at 

Edinburgh. Editor of Reid 1788. .1856 

Hamilton, William Gerard, M. p. Single-Speech 1729. .1796 

Hamilton, William Richard. English Archaeologist. . . . 1777. .1859 
Hamilton, Sir Wm. Rowan. Math. Astron. Royal of Irel. 1805 . . 1865 

Hammarskoeld, Lars. Swedish Author and Critic 1787. . 1827 

Hammer-Purgstall, Joseph von. German Orientalist. . 1774.. 1856 

Hammond, Anthony. Silver-Tongue. Poet 1668. .1738 

Hammond, Henrv, d. d. Commentator. Life by Bishop 

Fell, 1661 ; R/Fulman, 1684 1605 . . 1660 

Hammond, James. Poet. (Love Elegies) 1710. .1742 

Hammond, James Hamilton. American Statesman .... 1807. . 1861 
Hammond, Le Roy. American Revolutionary Officer. . . 1740'. i8oo ? 
Hammond, Samuel. American Revolutionary Officer . . 1757. .1842 
Hamon, John. Phys. of Cherbourg. Religious Writer 161 8. .1687 
Hampden, John. Patriot. Life by Lord Nugent, 1832 . . 1594.. 1643 
Hamper, William. Antiquary and Miscellaneous Writer 1776. .1831 

Hampton, Wade. American General 1 755 . . 1835 

Hanbal, Ahmed Ebn. Mohammedan Sectary 789. . 855 

Hanckius, Martin. (Be Romanarum Rerum Scriptoribus) 1633. . 1709 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 195 



BORX. 1 

Hancock, John. American Patriot and Statesman 17 37. . 

Handel, George Fred. Mus. Comp. Life by Schoelcher; 

Mainwaring, 1760; Mattheson, 1704; Burney, 1784 16S4.. 

Hangest, Jerome de. French Writer against Luther. ... — 

Hankinson, Rev. Thomas Edwards. Poet — 

Hanmer, Jonathan, of Barnstaple. Ejected Nonconformist — . . 

Hanmer, Rev. Meredith, d. d. Translator 1543 . . 

Hanmer, Sir Thos. Statesman. L.by Sir H. Bunbury, 1838 1676'. 

Hannecken, Memnon. Historian and Divine 1595 . . 

Hannecken, Philip Louis. Theologian 1637 . . 

Hanneman, Adrian. Dutch Painter 1611 . . 

Hannibal. Carthaginian General 247 . 183'' 

Hanno. Carthaginian Navigator. (Periplus) rl. 570? 

Hanriot, or Henriot, Francis. French Revolutionist 1761 . . 

Hansard, Luke. Parliamentary Printer I 75 2 - • 

Hansen, Maurice Christopher. Danish Writer x 794- • 

Hans G-riin. German Painter & Engraver. See Baldung 1470. . 

Hans Sachs. German Shoemaker and Poet H94- • 

Hanway, Jonas. Philanthropist and Tourist. {Farmer 

True/man.) Life by Pugh, 1787 1712. . 

Harcourt, Sir Geoff. Norman Baron with Edward III. — . . 

Harcourt, Harriet Eusebia, of Yorks. Found, of Nunneries 1 706. . 

Harcourt, Henry, Due d'. Fr. Ambassador at Madrid.. 1654.. 

Harcourt, Sir Simon, cr. Baron Harcourt. Lord Keeper — . . 

Harcourt, William, Earl of. English Officer in America 1743. . 

Hardeby, Geoffrey. Augustine Monk and Writer — 

Hardenberg, Chas. Aug. von. Prince of Pruss. Statesm. 1750. . 

Hardenberg, Frederick von. Novalis 1 772 . . 

Harder, John James, of Basle. Physician 1656. . 

Hardi, or Hardy, Alexander. French Dramatist 1560?. 

Hardicanute. King of England (1040-42) — .. 

Hardline, Peter. Painter of Antwerp 1678 . . 

Hardime, Simon, brother. Painter 1672. . 

Harding, G. P. Landscape Painter — 

Harding, James Duffield. Landscape Painter 1798?. 

Harding, or Hardyng, John. Metrical Chronicler 1378- ■ 

Harding, Stephen. Abbot of Citeaux; Religious Reformer rl.i2th 

Harding, Thomas. Jesuit; opponent of Jewell 1512.. 

Hardinge, Henry, Viscount, f. M. Gov.-General of India 1785. . 

Hardinge, Nicholas. Scholar 1700. . 

Hardion, .lames. French Writer 1686. . 

Hardouin, John. J*ere Hardouin. Jesuit Writer 1646.. 

Hardt, Hermann von der. (Hist, Literaria Reformationis) 1660. . 

Harduin, Alexander Navier. Fr. Poet and Grammarian 1718. . 

Hardwick, Charles. English Theologian 1821 . . 

Hardwicke, Elizabeth, Lady Cavendish, Lady St. Loe, 

Count) >s of Shrewsbury I 5 I 9- • 

Hardwicke, Philip Yorke, First Earl of. Lord Chan- 
cellor. Life by C Harris, 1847 1690. . 

Hardwicke, Philip Yorke. Second Earl of. Writer. (State 

Papers.) Life by R. Cooksey, L791 1720.. 

Hardwicke, Philip Yorke. 3d I"., of. Lord Lieut, of Irel. 1757. . 

Hardy, Alexander. French Dramatist 1560?. 

Hardy, Sir Thos. Masterman. Admiral. Nelson's friend 1769. . 



ED. 

793 

759 
53* 

*43 
687 
604 
746 
671 
706 
680? 

B.C. 
B.C. 

794 
828 
842 

545 ? 
578 

786 

356 

745 

718 

727 

S30 

360 

822 

801 

711 

630? 

042 

748 

737 

853 
S63 
465? 
c. 

572 
856 

758 
766 
729 
746 

785 
859 

608 

764 

790 

834 
630? 

S39 



196 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Hardyng, or Harding, John. Metrical Chronicler 1378 . 1465 7 

Hare, Rev. Augustus Wm. {Sermons to a Country Congreg.) 1792. .1834 

Hare, Francis. Bishop of Chichester (1731-40) 1665 '■ . 1740 

Hare, James, m. p. for Knaresborough. Wit — . . 1804 

Hare, Julius Charles. Archdeacon. ( Victory of Faith) . . 1795. -^SS 

Hare, Robert. American Chemist and Physicist 1781 . . 1S58 

Hargrave, Francis. Law Writer 1741 . . 1821 

Hargreaves, James. Mechanician — . .1770? 

Harington, Sir John. See Harrington. Poet 1561 . . 1612 

Hariot, or Harriott, Thomas. Mathematician 1560. .1621 

Hariri, Abu Mohammed Kasem ben Ali. Arabian Writer io54 ? .ii22 
Harles, Theophilus Christopher. German Philologist . . . 1738. .1852 
Harley, Edw., 2d E. Oxford. Found, of Harleian Library — . .1741 
Harley, Robt., 1st E.Oxford. Statesman.; MSS. Collector 1661. .1724 
Harlow, George Henry. Portrait and Historical Painter. 1787. .1819 
Harmer, Thomas. Dissenting Divine. (Observations).. 1715..1788 

Harms, Claus. German Theologian 17/8. -1855 

Harnett, Cornelius. American Revolutionary Statesman 1723. .1781 

Haro, Louis de. Spanish Statesman 1598. .1661 

Harold I. King of England (1035-40). Barefoot —..1040 

Harold II. King of England (1066) ; fell at Hastings ... — . . 1066 

Haroun-al-Rashid. Caliph ( 786-809 ) 765 or 6 . 809 

Harpe, John Francis de la. Dramatic Poet and Critic . . . 1739. .1803 
Harper, Robert Goodloe. Amer. Lawyer and Statesman 1765. .1825 
Harper, William. American Lawyer and Statesman. . . . 1790. .1847 

Harpocration, Valerius. Greek Philologist fl. 4th c. 

Harpsfield, Nicholas. Roman Catholic Divine — . .1583 

Harrington, Chas Stanhope, Third Earl of. Commander 1753. .1829 
Harrington, James. Political Writer. (Oceana.) Life 

by Toland, 1771 161 1 . . 1677 

Harrington, Sir John. Poet. Translator of Ariosto. ... 1561. .1612 
Harriott, Thos. Mathematician. (Artis Analytical Praxis) 1560.. 1621 
Harris, George, Lord. General; distinguished in India. . 1746. .1829 
Harris, James, of Salisbury. Scholar. (Hermes.) Life 

by son, Earl of Malmesbury , 1801 1 709 . . 1 780 

Harris, James. First Earl of Malmesbury. Diplomatist. 

(Diaries and Correspondence) 1746. . 1820 

Harris, John. (Lexicon Technicum ; History of Kent) .. . 1667?. 1 719 

Harris, John, d. d. Divine and Author 1804. .1856 

Harris, Robert. Divine 1578. . 1658 

Harris, Thaddeus William. American Naturalist 1795 • • J 8s6 

Harris, Walter, m. d. (He Morbis Acutis Infantum) 1647. .1725 

Harris, William, d. d. Biographer 1720. .1770 

Harris, William, d. d. American Educator 1765. .1829 

Harrison, Benjamin. American Statesman 1740?. 1791 

Harrison, Colonel John. Regicide — . . 1660 

Harrison, John. Inventor of Chronometer I&93- • 1 77(> 

Harrison, Thomas, of Chester. Architect J 744- • ^29 

Harrison, William. Poet — . .1713 

Harrison, Wm. Henry. General. Ninth President U. S. 1775. .1841 

Harrowby, Dudley Ryder, Earl of. Statesman 1762. . 1847 

Harry, Blind, or Henry the Minstrel fl. 1470-80 

Harsnett, Samuel. Archbishop of York (1628-31) 1561 . . 1631 

Hart, John. American Patriot — . .1780 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 197 



BORN 

Harte, Rev. Walter. Poet and Hist. ( Gustavus Adolphus) 1700 
Hartley, David, m. d. ( Observations on Man.) L. by his son 1705 

Hartley, David, m. p. Politician and Inventor 1 730 

Hartman, George, of Nuremberg. Mathematician 1489 

Hartman, John Adolphus. ( Vitue, Pontijlcum) 1680 

Hartmann, John, M. d. Medical Writer 1568 



DIED. 

■1774 
•1757 
.1813 
.1564 
.1744 
1631 



Hartmann von d,er Aue, or Von Aue. Old German Poet — aft. 1207 

Hartshorne, Rev. Charles Henry. Antiquary 1803'. 1865 

Hartsoeker, Nicholas. Dutch Metaphys. and Nat. Philos. 1656. .1725 
Hartzheim, Jos., of Cologne. Scholar. {Summa Historian) 1694.. 1763 

Harvard, John. Founder of Harvard College — . . 1688 

Harvey, Daniel Whittle. Politician i784 y .i863 

Harvey, Gabriel. Writer; friend of Spenser 1545 . . 1630? 

Harvey, Gideon, M. D. Medical Writer 1625''. 1700 

Harvey, William, u. d. Discoverer of Circulation of the 

Blood. Life by Laurence 1578. .1657 

Harwood, Sir Busick, m. r>. Anatomist 1745?. 1814 

Harwood, Edward, of Bristol. Socinian Writer 1729. . 1794 

Hasdrubal. Carthaginian General ; brother of Hannibal — B.c.207 

Hase, Theodore von. German Divine 1682 . . 1731 

Hasenelever, John Peter. German Painter 1810. . 1853 

Hasenclever, Peter. German Manufacturer and Writer 1716. .1792 
Hasenmueller, Daniel. Ger. Greek and Oriental Scholar 1651 .. 1691 

Haslam, John, m. d. Writer on Insanity 1763. . 1844 

Haslewood, Thomas. Schoolmaster and Historian ti. Rd. II. 

Hassan. Son of Ali and Fatima. Caliph (GGO-69) 625. . 669 

Hasse, Frederick Christian Augustus. German Author. . 1773. .1848 
Hasse, John Adolphus. 11 Sassone. German Composer 1699. .1783 

Hassel, John George Henry. German Statistician 1770. .1829 

Hasselquist, Frederick. Swedish Naturalist and Traveler 1722. .1752 

Hasted, Edward. Antiquary. (History of Kent) 1732. . 1812 

Hastings, Lady Eliz. Benefactor. L. by Barnard, 1742 1682. .1739 

Hastings, Lady Flora. Maid of Honor 1803. . 1839 

Hastings, Francis Rawdon. Cr. Marquess of Hastings 1754.. 1823 
Hastings, Warren. Gov. of India. L. by Gleig; Macaulay 1733. .1818 

Hatfield, Thomas. Bishop of Durham (1345-81) — . . 1381 

Hatsell, John. Clerk to House of Commons. Writer... 1742?. 1820 
Hatton, Sir Christoph. Ld. Chanc. L.by Sir N.H. Nicolas — --1591 
Hatzfeld, Francis Louis, Prince of. German Diplomatist 1756. .1827. 

Haubold, Christian Theophilus. German Jurist 1766. . 1824 

Hauff, William. German Prose Writer 1802. .1827 

Haughton, Sir Graves Chamney. Orientalist 1789. 1849 

Haughton, William. Dramatist fl. i6oo ? 

Haugwitz, Christian Henry Chas., Ct. of. Pruss. Statesman 1752. . 1832 
Haukal, Abul Kasem Mohammed Ibn. Arab.Trav.& Geog. fl. 942-76 
Hauksbee, or Hawksbee, Francis. Electrician. F.R.s. 1705 — aft.1731 

Hauser, Caspar. Foundling of Nuremberg — . . 1833 

Hautefeuille, John de. French Mechanician 1647. .1724 

Hauteroche, Noel le Breton de. French Dramatist i6i7 ? . 1707 

Hauteserre, Anth. Dadin de. Hist, and Jurist at Toulouse 1602?. 1682 

Haiiy, Rene Just. Abbe. Mineralogist 1743- • 1822 

Havelock, Sir Henrv. General. Life bv J. T. Headlev, 

1859 ; W. Brock ; J. C. Marshman, 18(J0 ! . 1795 . . 1857 

Haven, Nath. Appleton. Amer. Lawyer and Litterateur 1790. .1826 



198 A BRrEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Havercamp, Sigebert. Philologist and Medalist 1683. .1742 

Havers, Clopton. Physician and Anatomist fl. 1691 

Haviland, John. American Architect and Engineer .... 1792. .1852 

Hawes, Stephen. {Passetyme of Pleasure) ti. Hen. VII. 

Hawes, "William, M. d. Founder of R. Humane Society 1736.. 1808 

Hawke, Edward, Lord. Admiral 1715 . .1781 

Hawker, Peter. Colonel. {Instruct, to Young Sportsmen) i786 i '.i853 
Hawker, Rev. Robert, i>. d. Divine and Commentator. . 1753. . 1827 
Hawkesworth, John, ll. d. Writer. {The Adventurer) 1 71 5 ?. 1773 

Hawkins, Sir John. Naval Commander 1520?. 1595 

Hawkins, Sir John. "Writer 1719. -1789 

Hawkins, Sir Thomas. Translator of Horace ti. Chas. I. 

Hawksmoor, Nicholas. Architect 1666. . 1736 

Hawkwood, Sir John. English Soldier of Fortune — . .1393 

Hawley, Gideon. American Missionary to the Indians. . 1727. .1807 

Hawley, Joseph. American Patriot and Statesman 1724. .1788 

Hawthorne, Nathaniel. American Romancist 1S04. . 1864 

Hawtrey, Edward Craven, d. d. Provost of Eton 1789. .1862 

Hay, James, Earl of Carlisle. Statesman — . . 1636 

Hay, William, M. p. AVriter. {A'ssay on Deformity) 1695. .1755 

Haydn, Francis Joseph. Musical Composer. ( Creation.) 

Life by Bombet {i. e. Beyle), 1817; W. Gardiner I73 2 - .1809 

Haydn, John Michael, brother. Musical Composer *737- .1808 

Haydn, Joseph. ( Dictionary of Dates) — . . 1856 

Haydock, Rev. Geo. Leo. Rom. Cath. Div. Ed. of Bible — . . 1848 
Haydon, Benj. Robt. Paint. L. by self; Tom Taylor, 1853 1786. . 1846 
Haye, John de la. Jesuit. {Harmony of the Evangelists) 1540. .1614 

Haye, John de la. Franciscan. {Biblia Maxima) I 593- .1661 

Hayer, John Nicholas Hubert. French Theologian 1708. .1780 

Hayer du Perron, Peter le. French Poet 1603.aft.1678 

Hayes, Catherine. Irish Vocalist — . .1861 

Hayes, Charles. Mathematician and Chronologist 1678. .1760 

Hayes, "William. Musical Composer 1708. .1777 

Hayley, William. Poet. {L. of Couper.) L. by self, 1823 1745. . 1820 

Hayman, Francis, R. A. Historical Painter 1708. .1776 

Haynau, Julius Jacob, Baron von. Austrian General. . . . 1786. . 1853 

Hayne, Isaac. American Patriot 1 74$- .1781 

Hayne, Robert Young. American Lawyer and Statesman 1791 . .1839 

Hayne, Thomas. Schoolmaster and Benefactor 1581. .1645 

Haynes, Hopton. "Writ, on the Trinity. {Scripture Account) 1672. .1749 
Haynes, John. Gov. of Massachusetts and of Connecticut — . . 1654 

Haynes, Lemuel. American Colored Minister 1753. ■ I ^34 

Hayward, Sir John. Historian — . . 1627 

Haywood, Elizabeth. "Writer 1693 . . 1 756 

Hazlitt, William. Critic and Essayist. Life by his son. . 1778. . 1830 

Head, Sir George. Writer 1782. . 1855 

Head, Richard. Dramatist — . . 1678 

Headley, Henry. Poet and Critic. Life by Kett, 1810. . 1766. .1788 

Heapy, Thomas. Painter in Water Colors '. 1775. . 1835 

Hearne, Samuel. Explorer 1745 • • 1 79 2 

Hearne, Thomas. Antiquarv. Life bv Huddesford, 1772 ; 

Kett, 1810; Henry Headley 1678. .1735 

Hearne, Thomas. Artist I 744- • 1817 

Heath, Benjamin, d.c.l., of Exeter. Lawyer and Writer — ..1766 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 199 

BORN. DIED. 

Heath, Charles. Engraver. (Book of Beauty) 1784.. 1848 

Heath, James. Historical Writer 1629. . 1664 

Heath, William. American Revolutionary General I 737- .1814 

Heatheote, Rev. Ralph, u. d. Writer 1721 . .1795 

Heathfield, Goo. A. Elliot, Lord. Defender of Gibraltar i7i8 ? .i7Qo 

Hebbel, Frederick. German Poet 1813. . 1863 

Hebel, John Peter. German Poet 1760. .1826 

Hebenstreit, Jo'hn Ernest, of Leipsic. Medical Writer. . 1703. .1757 
Heber, Reginald. Bishop of Calcutta. Life by Potter; 

his Widow, 1830; Thomas Taylor 1783. . 1826 

Heber, Richard. Bibliomaniac ." 1773- - l &33 

Heberden, William, m.i>. Medical Writer 1710. .1801 

Hebert, James Rene. (Pere Duchene.) Fr. Revolutionist. 1755 . . 1794 

Hecataeus, of Miletus. Greek Historian 55o'.476 i 'B.c. 

Hecht, Christian. German Philologist 1696. .1748 

Heck, John van. Painter of Oudenard 1625?. 1669 

Heck, Nicholas van der. Dutch Painter 1580. . 1638 

Heckewelder, John. Moravian Missionary in America 1743. .1823 

Hecquet, Philip. French Medical Writer 1661 . . 1737 

Hedding, Elijah, D. d. American Divine 1780. .1852 

Hedelin, Francis, Abbe d'Aubignac. French Poet 1604. .1676 

Hederic, Benjamin. Lexicographer 1675 . . 1748 

Hedio, Gaspar. Protestant Reformer 1495 . .1552 

Hedlinger, John Charles. Swiss Die Cutter 1691. .1771 

Hedwig, John. Botanist 1730.. 1799 

Heede, Vigor van. Historical Painter 1659. .1718 

Heede, William van, brother. Historical Painter 1660. . 1728 

Heem, John David van. Dutch Painter 1600. . 1674 

Heemskerk, or Hemskerk, James van. Dutch Admiral — . .1607 
Heeniskerk, or Hemskerk, Martin van. Dutch Painter 1498. .1574 

Heere, Luke van. Dutch Painter 1 534. .1584 

Heeren, Arnold Hermann Louis. German Historian. . . . 1760. .1842 

Heers, Henry van, of Liege. Medical Writer i57o ? . i636 ? 

Hegel, George William Frederick. Philosopher. Life by 

Goeschel, 1832; Rosencranz, 1844: Haym.. 1770. .1831 

Heiberg, Peter Andrew. Danish Dramatist and Writer 1758. .1841 

Heidegger, John Henry. Swiss Protestant Divine *(>33- .1698 

Heidegger, John James. Swiss Count. Adventurer .... 1660. .1749 

Heil, Daniel van. Painter of Brussels 1604. . 1662 

Heil, John Baptist van, brother. Painter 1609.aft.1661 

Heil, Leonard van, brother. Painter of Flowers & Insects 1603. . — 

Hein, or Ileyn, Peter. Dutch Admiral. 1570. . 1629 

Heine, Henry. German Poet, Essayist, and Satirist 1 799'. 1856 

Heineccius, John Theophilus. German Civilian 1681 . .1741 

Heinecken, Christian Henry. Infant of Lubeck 1721..1725 

Heinefetter, Clara. ( rerman Vocalist — . . 1857 

Heinefetter, Kathinka, Bister. Vocalist — . . 1858 

Heinicke, John David. Musical Composer 1683. .1729 

Heinrich, Charles Frederick. < rerman Scholar 1774- • 1838 

Heinroth, John Christian Frederick Augustus. German 

Physician and Writer on Psychology 1773- - l ^43 

Heinse, John Janus William. German Writer on Art . . 1746. .1803 

Heinsius, Anthony. Grand Pensionary of Holland 1641C1720 

Heinsius, Daniel, of Leyden. Latin Poet and Philologist 1580?. 1655 



200 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORX. DIED. 

Heinsius, Nich., son. Poet & Critic. L. by Burmann, 1742 1620. . 1681 
Heinsius, Otto Frederick Theodore. German Philologist 1770. . 1849 
Heister, Lawrence. Physician, Surgeon, and Anatomist 1683. .1758 

Hele, Thomas. English Dramatist at Paris 1740?. 1780 

Helena, St. Mother of Constantine 248?. 328? 

Heliodorus, of Larissa. Greek Writer on Optics rl. 1st c. 

Heliodorus. Bishop of Tricca. Romancist. (^Ethiopica) 5.400? 
Heliogabalus, or Elagabalus. Roman Emperor (218-222) 205' 

Hell, Maximilian. Astronomer 1720. 

Heller, Joseph. German Art Historian 1798. 

Hellot, John. French Chemist 1685 . 

Helmbreker, Theodore. Dutch Painter 1624. 

Helmers, John Frederick. Dutch Poet 1767. 

Helmont, Francis Mercuiy van. Chemist 1618. 

Helrnont, John Baptist van. Flemish Chemist 1577 . 

Helmont, Matthew van. Painter of Antwerp J (>S3- 

Helmont, Segres James van. Flemish Historical Painter 1683. 
Heloise, or EJoise. Friend of Abelard. L. by Gervase, 1720 1101. 

Heist, Bartholomew van der. Dutch Painter 1613. 

Helvetius, Claude Adrian. French Philos. ( V Esprit) 1715. 

Helvetius, John Adrian. Dutch Physician at Paris i66i ? 

Helvetius, John Claude Adrian, son. Medical Writer . . 1685 . 
Helvieus, Christopher. German Philol. and Chronologist 1581 . 

Helwig, Amelia von. German Poetess 1776. 

Helwig, George Andrew. Pruss. Botanist & Mineralogist 1666. 

Helwig, Sir John Otto. Physician and Collector 1654. 

Helyot, Peter. Franciscan Friar. (Hist, of Monast. Orders) 1660. 
Hemans, Mrs. Felicia Dorothea. Poetess. Life by H. F. 

Chorley, 1837 ; Mrs. Hughes, 1839 1794. 

Hemelar, John. Flemish Medalist — . 

Hemingburgh, or Hemingford, Walter de. Historian . . — . 

Hemling, or Memling, Hans. Flemish Painter i4 2 5 ? 

Hemskerek, Egbert. The Old 1610? 

Hemskerck, Egbert. The Younger. Dutch Painter. . . . 1645 • 

Hemskerek, Martin van. Dutch Painter 1498. 

Hemsterhusius, Francis. ( GSuvres Philosqphiques) 1720. 

Hemsterhuys, Tiberius. Dutch Philologist 1685 . 

Henao, Gabriel de. Spanish Theol. (Biscaya lllusirata) 161 1. 
Henault, Charles John Francis. (Abrege Chronohgique) 1685. 

Henault, or Hesnault, John. French Poet .' — . 

Henckel, John Fred. Saxon Chemist and Mineralogist 1679. 

Henderson, Alexander. Principal, of Edinburgh — . 

Henderson, Rev. Dr. Ebenezer. Missionary and Traveler. 

Life by T. S. Henderson, 1859 1784. 

Henderson, John. Actor. L. by T. Davies ; J. Ireland, 1786 1 747 . 

Henderson, John. Genius, born in Ireland 1757 . 

Henderson, or Henryson, Robert. Scottish Poet — . 

Henderson, Thomas. Scottish Astronomer 1798. 

Hengist. King of Kent — . 

Henke. Henry Philip Conrad. Theol. (Ecdes. History) 1752. 

Henkel, John Frederick. See Henckel 1679. 

Henley, Anthony, m. p. Writer i66o ? 

Henley, Rev. John. Orator. Preacher and Polit. Lecturer 1692 . 
Henley, Sir Morton Eden, First Lord. Ambassador — . 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 201 

BORN. DIED. 

Henley, Robert, Lord Norfhington. Lord Chancellor. . . 1708. . 1772 
Hennepin, Louis. Missionary, and Explorer of the River 

Mississippi 1640?. aft. 

Henninges, Jerome. German Genealogist i55o i '. 

Henrietta Anna, of England. Duchess of Orleans. 

Life by Lafayette, 1720 1644. . 

Henrietta Maria, of France. Queen of Chas. I. of Eng. 1609. . 

Henrion, Nicholas. French Archaeologist 1663 . . 

Henriot, Francis. French Revolutionist 1761 . 

Henrique, Duke of Viseo. Portuguese Prince ; Promoter 

of Navigation. Life by Candido Lusitano T 394- 

Henry I. Emperor of Germany (919-3G). The Fowler.. 876. 

Henry II. ( 1002-24. ) Life by Adelbold, d. 1027 972 . 

Henry III. (1039-5(5.) 1017. 

Henry IV. (1058-1106.) Life byAventinus, 1518 ; Stumpf, 

1556; Socltl, 18-23 1050..: 

Henry V. (1106-25.) 1081..: 

Henry VI. (1190-97.) Life by Jaeger, 1790 1165. .: 

Henry VII. (1308-13.) L. bv Veccrius, 1531; Mussati, 

1636; Gundling, 1719; Barthold, 1830 ; Doenniges, 1839 1263. 

Henry I. King of France (1031-60) ion? 

Henry II. (1547-59.) Life bv Lambert, 1755 I 5 I 9- 

Henry IH. (1574-89.) Life "by Sossius, 1628 ; Varillas, 

1694; Garden, 1783; Billardon de Sauvigny, 1788; 

Miss Freer, 1858 1551 . 

Henry IV. (1589-1610.) The Great. Life by Perefixe, 

1661; Scip. Dupleix, 1632; Richard de Bury, 1795; 

Miss Freer; Gurney 1553 . 

Henry I. King of England (1100-35). Beauclerc. Life 

by Sir J. Hayward, 1613 1068. 

Henry II. ( 1154-89. ) Life by Benedict of Peterborough ; 

Edm. Bolton; Lord Lvttelton, 1767; Berington, 1790 1133. 
Henry III. (1216-72.) Of Winchester. Life by R.Cot- 
ton, 1627; Prvnne, 1670 1206. , 

Henry IV. (1399-1413.) Bolingbroke. Life by Sir J. 

Havward, 1599 ; G. P. R. James, 1847 1366? 

Henry V. (1413-22.) Of Monmouth. Life bv Tit. Livius; 

Robert Redman; T. Elmham; Goodwin* 1604; P. F. 

Tvtler, 1830 1388. 

Henry VI. (1422-71.) 1421. 

Henry VII. (1485-1509.) Life by Alevn, 1638; Lord 

Bacon, 1642 ; Marsollier, 1697 1457 . 

Henry VIII. (1509-47.) Life bv Godwin, 1616; Lord 

Herbert of Cherbury, 1649 ; P. F. Tytler, 1837 1491 . . : 

Henry, Prince of Wales : son of James I. Life by Sir 

Charles Cornwallis ; T. Birch, 1760 1594. 

Henry de Blois. Cardinal. Bishop of Winchester — . 

Henry of Huntingdon. Historian — aft.] 

Henry the Lion. Duke of Bavaria and Saxony. L. by 

Reineccius. 1557; Stederburgensis, 1614; Meyer, 1694 1129. 
Henry the Minstrel, or Blind Harry. Scottish Poet. . . rl. 147c 

Henry the Navigator. See Henrique *394- 

Henry, Alexander. American Traveler and Writer 1739. 

Henry, David. Printer; conductor of Gentleman' 1 s Mag. 17 10. 



202 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Henry, Matt. Commentator. L. by Tong, 1716 ; Williams 1662. .1714 
Henry, Patrick. American Statesman. L. by Wirt, 1817 1736. .1799 
Henry, Philip. Nonconformist Divine. Life by son, Mat- 
thew Henry, 1696 ; William Bates, 1699 1631 . . 1696 

Henry, Robert. Scottish Divine. ( Hist, of Great Britain) 1718 . . 1 790 
Henry, Robert, ll. d. American Educator and Writer. . 1792. .1856 

Henry, William, M. d. Chemist 1775.. l8 3 6 

Henryson, or Henderson, Robert. Scottish Poet — . .1508? 

Henshaw, John Prentiss Kewley, d. d. Amer. Divine. . 1792. .1852 
Henslow, J. S. Professor of Botanv. L. by Jenyns, 1862 — ..1861 

Hensrnan, Rev. John, of Clifton. Divine .*. 1781?. 1864 

Hentz, Caroline Lee. American Authoress — ..1856 

Hepburn, James Bonaventura. Scottish Linguist and 

Orientalist in Italy 1573. . 1620 

Hepburn, John. Prior of St. Andrew's ; Founder of St. 

Leonard's College (1512) fl.1480-1520 

Hepburn, Robert. Miscellaneous Writer 1619. .1712 

Hephsestion. General of Alexander — B.c.325 

Heraclitus, of Ephesus. Weeping Philosopher fl. 513? b.c. 

Heraclius. Emperor of the East (610-41) 575- . 641 

Heraldus, Desiderius. Didier Herault. French Writer. . 1575 ^ .1649 
Herault de Sechelles, Mary John. French Revolutionist 1 760 . . 1 794 

Herbart, John Frederick. German Metaphysician 1776. . 1841 

Herbelot, Barthol. d'. Fr. Orient. (Biblioth. Orientate) 1625. .1695 
Herbert, Edward, Lord, of Cherbury. Historical and 

Deist. Writer. (Hist, of Henry VIII.) L. by self, 1761 1581 . . 1648 
Herbert, Rev. George. {Country Parson.) Lifebylzaak 

Walton, 1670 ; Duyckinek, 1858 1593- • 1633 

Herbert, Henry William. English Writer in America. . . 1707. . 1858 
Herbert, Mary (nee Sidney), Countess Pembroke. Poet 

and Writer. "Sidney's sister, Pembroke's mother" — ..1621 

Herbert, Sidney, Lord of Lea. Statesman i8io ? . 1861 

Herbert, Sir Thomas. Royalist. • (Threnodia Carolina) 1610..1682 

Herbert, William. Earl of Pembroke. Poet 1580. . 1630 

Herbert, William, of Cheshunt. Typographical Antiquary 1718. .1795 

Herbert, Rev. William. Author. (Attila) 1778. . 1847 

Herbin, Augustus Francis Julian. French Orientalist . . . 1783. . 1806 
Herbinius, John. Polish Divine and Natural Philosopher 1633. . 1676 

Herbst, John Andrew. German Musical Writer 1588. .1660? 

Herder, John Godfrey von. {Philosophy of History) 1744. • l &°3 

Hereward. English "Partisan Captain at the Conquest. . . — ..1072 

Hericourt, Louis de. French Jurist 1687. .1752 

Heriot, Geo. Goldsmith. Founder of Hospital in Edinb. 1 563''. 1624 
Herissant, Louis Anthony Prosper. Fr. Phys. and Nat. 1745.. 1769 
Heritier de Brutelle, Charles Louis 1'. French Botanist 1746. .1800 

Heritier de Villandon, Mary Jane 1\ Writer 1664. .1734 

Heritier de Villandon, Nicholas 1'. French Poet 1630?. 1680 

Herlieius, David. German Astrologer 1558. . 1636 

Hermann, James. Swiss Mathem. and Nat. Philosopher 1678. .1733 

Hermann, John. Physician and Naturalist 1738 . . 1800 

Hermann, John Godfrey Jacob. Editor of Greek Plays . 1772. . 1848 

Hermann, Paul. German Botanist 1646 . . 1695 

Hermannus, Contractus^ of Suabia. Musical Writer 1013. .1054 

Hermant, Godfrey. Dr. of the Sorbonne. Theol. & Biog. 161 7. . 1690 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 203 

i-r «, . . — . ™, BORN. DIED. 

Hermas. Christian Writer. ( The Shepherd) fl. 1st c. 

Hermelin, Samuel Gustavus, Baron. Swedish Mineral. 1744.. 1820 
Hermes, George. German Roman Catholic Theologian . 1775. .1831 

Hermilly, Vaquette d\ French Historian 171c?. .1778 

Hermolaus Barbarus. Venetian Scholar. See Barbaro 1454. .1495 
Hernandez, Francis. Spanish Physician and Naturalist fl. 16th c. 

Herndon, William Lewis. American Naval Officer 1813. . 1857 

Herod Agrippa I. Great. Tetrarch of Abilene; be- 
headed dames. (Actsxii.) — .. 44 

Herod Agrippa II., son. King of Chalcis. (Actsxxv.) 31.. 100 
Herod Antipas. Tetrarch of Galilee ; deposed A. D. 39 — aft. 39 

Herod the Great. King of the Jews (b. c. 47-4) 73.. 4 b.c. 

Herod Philip, son. Tetrarch — a.d. 34 

Herodes Attieus. Embellisher of Athens 104?. 180? 

Herodian. Greek Historian of the Roman Empire fl. ab. 238 

Herodotus. Greek Historian. Life by Wheeler; Dahl- 

mann, translated by Cox * 484.408? b.o. 

Herold, Lonis Joseph Ferdinand. French Composer 1791. .18^3 

Heron, or Hero. Philos. and Mathem. of Alexandria fl. 3d c. B.C. 

Herrera, Ferdinand de. The Divine. Spanish Poet 1516?. 1595 

Herr-era, Francis de. ElViego, the Elder. Span. Paint. 1576. 1650 or6 
Herrera, Francis de, son. El Mozo, the Younger. Painter 1622. .1685 

Herrera, Joseph Joachim de. President of Mexico — . . 1851 

Herrera y Tordesillas, Anthony. Spanish Historian . . 1565 . . 1625 
Herrgott, John James. Marguard. Ger. Diplom. and Hist. 1694.. 1762 

Herrick, Rev. Robert. Poet. (Hesperides) 1591 . . 1674 

Herring, John Frederick. Horse Painter 1795 • • 1S65 

Herring, Thomas. Archbishop of Canterbury (1747-57) . 1693 . . 1757 
Herschel, Miss Caroline Lucretia. Astronomer. ........ 1750. .1848 

Herschel, Sir F. William. Discoverer of Uranus 1738. . 1822 

Hersent, or Hersan, Charles. Opponent of Richelieu. . . . — aft. 1660 

Hertius, John Nicholas. German Historical Writer 1651. .1710 

Hertzberg, Ewald Frederick von. Prussian Statesman. 1725. .1795 
Hervey, Rev. James. {Meditations.) Life by John Brown, 

1822 ; John Cole, 1822-26 1714. .1758 

Hervey, John, Lord. Political and Poetical Writer 1696. .1743 

Hervey, Thomas Kibble. Author 1799. . 1S59 

Herwart, John George. German Critic 1554- • 1622 

Hery, Thierry de. Theodoricus. French Medical Writer 1505. .1599 

Herz, Henrietta. German Beauty and Wit 1764. .1847 

Heshusius, Tilemannus. Anti-Oalvinist Theologian. . . . 1526. .1588 

Hesiod. Greek Epic Poet. ( Works and Bays) fl. 859-824? b.c. 

Hess, Charles Ernest Christopher. German Engraver. . . 1755. ..1828 

Hesse, William, Prince of. Astronomer 1545 . .1597 

Hessels, or Hesselius, John, of Louvain. Theologian 1522. .1566 

Hesychius. Alexandrian Grammarian fl. 380? 

Hetzer, Louis. German Socinian — . . 1540 

Heugh, Hugh. r>. r>. Scottish Div. L. by Hamilton McGill 1782 . . 1846 

Heurnius, John. Medical Writer at Leyden 1543. . ^oi 

Heusch, Abraham van. Painter 1650. .1712 

Heusch, Jan >b van. Painter , 165 7 . . 1 701 

Heusch, William van. Landscape Painter of Utrecht.. . 1630?. 1700? 

Heusde, Philip William. Dutch Philosopher 1778- -1839 

Heusinger, James Frederick. Philologist 1719. . 1778 



204 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Heusinger, John Michael. Saxon Divine 1690. .1751 

Hevelius, or Hevelke, John, of Dantzic. Astronomer 1611 . . 1687 

Hevin, Prudent. French Surgical Writer 1715 . .1789 

Hewes, Joseph. American Patriot !73°. • *779 

Hewson, William. Anatomist J 739- • J 774 

Hexham, John, Prior of. ( Chronicle) fl. n 70 

Hexham, Rd., Prior of. {Bps.of Hexham; B. of Standard) fl. 1138 
Hey, John, D. d. Norrisian Prof, of Divinity, Cambridge 1734. .1815 
Hey, William, F. R. s., of Leeds. Surgeon; Friend of 

Wilberforce. Life by John Pearson 1736. . 1819 

Hey den, Fred. August von. German Novelist and Poet 1789. .1851 

Heyden, John van der. Flemish Painter 1637. . 1712 

Heylin, Rev. Peter, d. d. Historical Writer. Life by 

Vernon, 1681 ; Bernard, 1682 1600 . . 1662 

Heyne, Christian Gottlob. Classical Editor. Life by A. 

H. L. Heeren, 1812 i7 2 9- • 1812 

Heyward, Thomas. American Patriot 1746. . 1809 

Heywood, Mrs. Eliza. Romancist 1693 . . 1 756 

Heywood, Gaspar. Poet. {Paradise of Dainty Devices) . 1535.. 1598 
Heywood, John. Dram. Poet. {The Soider and the Fly) — . . 1565? 
Heywood, Oliver. Nonconformist Divine. Life by Faw- 

cett, 1798 ; Rev. Joseph Hunter, 1842 1629. .1702 

Heywood, Thomas. Actor and Writer. Life bv J. P. 

Collier, 1850 Eliz.-Chas. I. 

Hezekiah. King of Judah (b. c. 726-698) 75i ? .698b.c. 

Hickes, George. Nonjuror and Saxonist. {Thesaurus) . 1642.. 1715 
Hickes, John, brother. Ejected Nonconformist; executed — ..1685 

Hickman, Henry. Ejected Nonconformist Divine — . . 1692 

Hicks, Elias. Amerieau Quaker Preacher 1748 1830 

Hidalgo y Costilla, Michael. Mexican Revolutionist. . . — ..1811 

Hiero I. Tyrant of Syracuse (b. c. 478-467) — B.c.467 

Hiero II. King of Syracuse (b. c. 270-216) 308 . 216 B.C. 

Hierocles. Neoplatonist. Life by Andrew Dacier, 1706 fl. 450? 

Hieronymus, or Jerome, St. Christian Writer 345 ? . .420 

HifTerman, Paul. Irish Dramatic Poet 1719. -1777 

Higden, Ralph. Historian. {Pvlychronicon) — . .1367? 

Higgins, or Higins, John. Divine and Schoolmaster .... 1544?. 1605? 

Higginson, Francis. Anglo-American Clergyman 1587. . 1630 

Higgons, Bevil. Historical Writer and Poet 1670. .1735 

Higgons, Sir Thomas. Politician and Writer 1624. .1691 

Hignmore, Joseph. Portrait and Historical Painter 1692.. 1780 

High more, Nathaniel. Anatomist 1613 . . 1684 

Hi! aire, Geoffrey St. See St. Hilaire 1772. .1844 

Hilarion. Promoter of Monachism. Life by Jerome 291 . . 371 

Hilariuse, Joseph. German Antiquary and Medalist ... . 1737.. 1798 
Hilary, St. Bp. Poictiers (350-67). Malleus Arianorum — .. 367 

Hilary* St. Bishop of Aries (429-49) 401 . . 449 

Hilary. Bishop of Rome (461-67) — . . 467 

Hilda, St. Abbess of Whitby — . . 680 

Hildebrand. See Pope Gregory VII — . . 1085 

Hildegarde, St. Abbess of St. Rupert's Mount 1098. .1180 

Hildesley, Mark. Bishop of Man. L. by W. Butler, 1799 1698 .. 1 772 
Hildreth, Richard. Amer. Journalist, Hist., and Novelist 1807. . 1863 
Hildreth, Samuel P., m. d. Amer. Historian & Physicist 1783. . 1S63 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 205 

BOItX. DIED. 

Hill, Aaron. Poet and Dramatic "Writer 1685 . .1750 

Hill, Geo., d.d. Principal, St. Andr. Lead, in Gen. Assemb. 1750. .1819 

Hill, Isaac. American Journalist and Politician 1788. .1851 

Hill, Sir John. Physician and Writer 1716. .1775 

Hill, Joseph. Divine and Lexicographer 1625. .1707 

Hill, Sir Richard, M. p. Controversial Writer 1733- • 1808 

Hill, Robert. Self-taught Genius 1699. .1777 

Hill, Rev. Rowland. Life by Sidney, 1834; Sherman, 1851 1744. . 1833 

Hill, Rowland, Viscount. Commander-in-Chief 1772. . 1842 

Hill, Thomas Ford. Antiquary and Philologist — . . 1795 

Hill, William, r>. D. American Divine 1769. . 1852 

Hillel. Eider. Ha Zaken and Poll "10. Jewish Rabbi .. .b.c.ii2 ? a.d.8 ? 

Hillel. Younger. Nasi. Jewish Rabbi li 300' 

Hillhouse, James Abraham. Amer. Poet &Miseell. Writer 17S9. .1841 

Hilliard, Nicholas. Goldsmith and Portrait Painter 1547 . .1619 

Hilton, John. Musical Composer — . . 1655 ? 

Hilton, Walter. Monk of Sheen. (Ladder of Perfection) fl. 15th c. 

Hilton, William, R. a. Painter 1786. . 1839 

Himilco. Carthaginian General fl. B.C. 408 

Himilco. Carthaginian Navigator fl. 5th c. B.C. 

Himmel, Frederick. Henry. German Composer 1765 . . 18 14 

HinchclifTe, John. Bishop of Peterborough 1731 . .1794 

Hinckeldey, Charles Louis Frederick von. Prussian 

Minister of Police 1803. .1856 

Hinckley, John, r>. d. Divine 1617. .1695 

Hincks, Rev. T. D. Orientalist. — . . 1857 

Hincmar. Archbishop of Rheims. Life by S. C. Prichard 8o6 ? . 882 

Hipparchus, son of Pisistratus, of Athens ; — B.c.514 

Hipparchus. Greek Astronomer fl. ( 160-145 ) b.c. 

Hippesley, Sir John Coxe, m. p. Political Writer — . . 1825 

Hippocrates. Greek Physician. Father of Medicine .. .460 .357 B.C. 

Hippolytus, St. Ecclesiastical Writer — . . 230 

Hipponax. Greek Lyric Poet fl. 6th c. b.c. 

Hire, Gabriel Philip de la. Painter 1677. .1719 

Hire, Lawrence de la. French Painter 1606. . 1656 

Hire, Philip de la. Mathematician 1640. .1718 

Hitchcock, Edw., d. d., ll. d. Amer. Geologist & Writer 1793. -1864 

Hitchcock, Peter. American Jurist 1781 . . 185 -• 

Hoadly, Benjamin. Bishop of Winchester (1734-61). . . . 1676. .1761 
Hoadly, Benj., m. d., son. Medical and Dramatic Writer 1706. .1757 

Hoadly, Rev. John, ll. d., brother. Dramatist 1 711.. 1776 

Hoare, Prince, f. s. a. Dramatic Writer 1755 . . ^34 

Hoare, Sir Richard Colt. Topographer. ( Classical Tour) 1758 . . 1838 
Hoare, William, r. a. Historical and Portrait Painter . . 1707. .1792 

Hobart, John Henry, d. d. American Divine 1776. .1830 

Hobbema, or Hobbima, Minderhout. Painter 1611?. 

Hobbes, Thomas, of Malmesbury. Philosopher. (Levi- 
athan.) Life by self; Richard Blackburne, 1681 1588. .1679 

Hobhouse, Sir Benjamin. Statesman 1757.. 1831 

Hoblyn, Robert, M. p. Book Collector 1710?. 1756 

Hobson, Thomas. Cambr. Carrier ; celebrated by Milton 1544?.! 631 

Hoccleve, or Occleve, Thomas. Poet 1370?. 1454? 

Hoche, Lazarus. French General. Life by Rousselin, 1798 1768. .1797 
Hochstetter, Andrew Adam. Prot. Divine of Tubingen 1688. .1717 



206 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN 

Hodges, Xathaniel, if. d. "Writer on the London Plague 1630 

Hodges, William, r. a. Painter 1744 

Hodgson, Francis. Provost of Eton. Scholar and Poet. 1780 

Hodgson, Rev. John. (History of Northumberland) — 

Hodgson, Robt., d. d. Dean of Carlisle. ( Life of Porteus) — 
Hodson, William Stephens Raikes. English Soldier. ... 1821 
Hody, Humphrey. (History of English Convocations). . . . 1659 
Hoe, Matthias de Hoenegg. German Controversial Divine 1580 

Hoeek, or Houk, John van, of Antwerp. Painter 1600 

Hoeck, or Houk, Robert van, of Antwerp. Painter 1609 

Hoelty, Louis Henry Christopher. German Poet 1748 

Hoeltzlinus, Jeremiah. German Philologist at Leyden. . — 
Hoerberg, Peter. Swedish Painter. Life by self, 1817. . 1746 
Hoeschelius, David. German Scholar and Coll. of MSS. 1556 

Hoet, Gerard. Dutch Painter 1648 

Hofer, Andrew. Tyrolese Patriot. L. by C H. Hall, 182G 1767 
Hoffman, David. Amer. Lawyer & Miscellaneous Writer 1784 
Hoffman, Francis Benedict. Fr. Dramatic Poet, Critic. . 1760 
Hoffman, John James, of Basle. (Lexicon Universale) . 1635 

Hoffmann, Christian Godfrey. German Jurist 1692 

Hoffmann, Christopher Louis. German Medical Writer. 1721 
Hoffmann, Ernest Theod. Win. "Writer. (Devil's Elixir) 1776 
Hoffmann, Frederick, of Halle. (Medicina Consultatoria) 1660 

Hoffmann, Gaspar. Medical Writer 1572 

Hoffmann, John Maurice. Medical Writer 1653 

Hoffmann, Maurice. Anatomist and Botanist; discoverer 

of Pancreatic Duct. (Florce Altdorffince) 1622 

Hoffmannsegg, John Centurius, Count. Ger. Botanist 1766 

Hoffmanowa, Clementina. Polish Authoress 1798 

Hofland, Mrs. Barbara. Writer. Life by Ramsay, 1849 1770 

Honand, Thomas Christopher. Landscape Painter 1777 

Hofmann, Daniel. German Divine 1538 

Hogan, John. Irish Sculptor : 1800 

Hogarth, William. Painter. Life by Nichols 1697 

Hogg, James. The Ettrich Shepherd. Poet 1772 

Hohenlohe, Alex. Leopold, Prince of. Medical Empiric. 1794 
Hohenlohe - Ingelfingen, Frederick Louis, Prince of. 

Prussian General 1746 

Hohenlohe- Waldenburg-Schillingsfurst, Alex. Leo- 
pold Francis Emmerich, Prince of. Hungarian Prelate 1793 
Hoijer, Benjamin Charles Henry. Swedish Philosopher 1767 
Holbach, Paul Thierry, Baron von. Natural Philosopher 1723 
Holbein, Hans, or John. Painter. Life by C. Patinus. . 1498 

Holbein, Sigismond. Painter — aft 

Holberg, Louis, Baron. Danish Historian. (Peder-Paars) 1684 

Holcroft, Fanny. Novelist — 

Holcroft, Thomas. Dramatic and Miscellaneous Writer 

and Translator. Life by self and Hazlitt, 1816 1745 

Holden, Henry. Roman Cath. Divine. (Notes onN. T.) 1596 
Holder, William, d. d. Mathematician and Philosopher. 1614 

Holdsworth, Edward. Writer. (Muscijnda) 1688 

Hole, Matthew, d. d. Rector of Exeter College, Oxford. 

( On the Liturgy) 1640 

Hole, Rev. Richard, of Farringdon. Poet. Writer. (Arthur) 17 30? 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 207 

BORN. DIED. 

Hole, William. Engraver fl. 1613 

Holinshed, or Holingshed, Raphael. Historian — . .1580? 

Holkar, Jeswunt Rao. Mahratta Chief — . . 181 1 

Holkar, Mulhar Rao. Mahratta Chief — . . 1 766 

Holl, Elias. German Architect 1573. . 1636 

Holl, Francis X. Ger. Jes. (Slalistica Ecclesice Germama) 1720. .1784 
Holland, Edwin Clifford. American Poet and Essayist. . 1793. 1824 
Holland, Elizabeth Vassall, Lady. Life by Sydney Smith 1770. . 1845 

Holland, Henry. Architect 1746'' . 1806 

Holland, Henry Fox, First Lord. Statesman 1705 .. 1774 

Holland, Henry Richard Vassall Fox, Lord. {Memoirs of 

Whig Party) ; 1773. . 1840 

Holland, Hugh. Poet fl. 1604 

Holland, Sir Nathaniel Dance. Painter 1 734- • ^ n 

Holland, Philemon. Translator 1551 . . 1636 

Hollar, Wenzel. Engraver. Life by Geo. Vertue, 1745. 1607. .1677 
Hollerius, or Houllier, James. French Medical Writer. . — ..1562 

Holies, Denzil, Lord. Statesman 1597- • *68o 

Holley, Horace, ll. d. American Divine and Educator. 

Life by his widow 1781 . . 1827 

Hollis, Thomas. Benefactor of Harvard College 1659. .1731 

Hollis, Thos. Philanthropist. Memoirs, 2 vols. 4to, 1780 1720. . 1774 
Hollis, Thos. Brand. L. by Blackburne, 1780 ; Disney, 1808 — . . 1804 
Hollman, Samuel Christian, of Gottingen. Philosopher 1696.. 1787 

Holman, Lieutenant James. The Blind Traveler 1787. .1857 

Holman, Joseph George. Dramatic Writer 1764. . 181 7 

Holmes, Abiel, d. d., ll. d. Amer. Divine and Historian 1768. .1837 

Holmes, George. Antiquary 1662. .1749 

Holmes, Dr. Nathaniel. Ejected Nonconformist; Hebraist — ..1678 
Holmes, Robert. Dean of Winchester. Divine and Poet 1749. .1805 
Holroyd, John Baker, Lord Sheffield. Political Writer, 

Soldier, Statesman 174 1 • • l821 

Holstein, Luke. Scholar & Writer. L. by Wilkins, 1723 1596. . 1661 
Holt, Francis Ludlow, Q. C. Law Writer and Journalist — . .1844 
Holt, Sir John. Ld. Chief Justice. Life, Lond. 1764, 8vo 1642 . . 1 709 

Holwell, John Zephaniah. Governor of Bengal 1 71 1 . . 1 798 

Holyday, Rev. Barten. Divine. Translator of Juvenal 1593. .1661 
Holyoake, Francis. (Etymological Diet, of Latin Words) 1567?. 1653 
Holyoke, Edward Augustus. American Physician, Mete- 
orologist, and Natural Philosopher 1728. . 1829 

Holywood, John. De Sacrobosco. Mathematician — . .1256 

Holzer, John Evangelist. German Fresco Painter 1 709 . . 1 740 

Homberg, William. Physician and Chemist 1652 . . 1 715 

Home, David. Scottish Divine. (Apologia Basilica). . . ti. James I. 

Home, Sir Everard. Surgeon 1756. . 1832 

Home, Henrv, Lord Karnes. Scottish Judge. (Elements 

of Criticism.) Life by Lord ^A'oi.dhouselee, 1807 .... 1696. .1782 
Home, Rev. John. (Douglas.) Life by Mackenzie, 1822 1724. .180S 

Homer. Greek Epic Poet fl. b.c. 962-927 

Homer, Rev. Henry. Classical Scholar and Editor 1752. . 1 791 

Homilius, Godft«y Aug., of Dresden. Organist andComp. 1714. .1785 

Hommel, Charles' Ferdinand. Civilian, of Leipsic 1722. .1781 

Homond, Charles Francis 1'. French Instructor 1727. .1794 

Hompesch, Ferd. de. Last Grand Master of Kts. of Malta 1 744 . . 1803 



208 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORX. DIED. 

Hondekoeter, Giles, of Utrecht. Landscape Painter. . . 1583. .1626? 

Hondekoeter, Gysbrecht, son. Bird Painter 1613. . 1653 

Hondekoeter, Melchior, son. Painter 1636. . 1695 

Hondius, or Hondt, Abraham. Dutch Painter 1638. . 1691 

Hondius, Josse. Flemish Engraver and Letter Founder 1546. .1611 
Hone, George Paid. Lawyer and Writer at Coburg .... 1662. .1747 

Hone, Nathaniel. Painter in Enamel — . .1784 

Hone, William. Writer. (Every-Day Book) J 779. • 1842 

Honestis, Petrus de. Peter Daminni. Cardinal 988?. 1072 

Honorius, Flavius. Roman Emperor (395-423) 384. . 423 

Honorius. Archbishop of Canterbury (627-53) — . . 653 

Honorius I. Pope (626-38)._ - - . . 638 

*3° 

227 

287 

790 

660 

683 

814 

III.? 

814 

816 



Honorius II. (1124-30.) Lambert 

Honorius III. (1216-27.) Cencius Sabelli ■ - . . 

Honorius IV. (1285-87.) James Sabelli — .. 

Hontheim, John Nich. de, of Treves. (History of Treves) 1701 . . 

Honthorst, Gerard. Dalle Notti. Dutch Painter I59 2 - • 

Honthorst, William, brother. Painter 1604. . 

Hood, Alex., Adm., Lord Bridport, br. of Viscount Hood — . . 

Hood, Robin. Outlaw Rd. I. or Hen 

Hood, Sir Samuel. Vice-Admiral. Cousin of Visct. Hood — .. 

Hood, Samuel, Viscount. Admiral I7 2 4- • 

Hood, Thomas. Mathematician. Inventor of Hood's Staff fl. 1690 



Hood, Thomas. Poet, Humorist, and Miscellaneous Writer 1798 
Hooft, Peter Corneliszoon. Dutch Poet and Historian. . . 1581 . . 

Hooge, Peter van. Dutch Painter I 643 ? . 

Hoogeveen, Henry. Dutch Philologist 1712. . 

Hoogstraten, David van. Dutch Poet and Critic 1658. . 

Hoogstraten, James van. Inquisitor; Opponent of Luther — .. 

Hoogstraten, Samuel van. Painter 1627. . 

Hoogstraten, Theodore, or Dirk van. Paint, of Antwerp 1596.. 
Hoogue, Romain de. Dutch Engraver and Designer. . . . 1638''. 
Hoogvliet, Arnold. Dutch Poet. (Abraham the Patriarch) 1687 . . 

Hook, James. Musical Composer 1746. . 

Hook, Dr. James, son. Dean of Wore. Polemical Writ. 1771. . 
Hook, Theodore Edward. Journalist, Novelist, and Dra- 
matic Writer. Life by Barham, 1848 1788. . 

Hooke, Nathaniel. (Roman History) 1690?. 

Hooke, Robt., m.d. Math. (Micrographia.) L. by Waller 1635 . . 

Hooker, John, of Exeter. Antiquary 1524?. 

Hooker, Richard, son. (Eccles. Polity.) L. by Walton, 1665 1553'. 
Hooker, Rev. Thos. One of the Founders of Conn. Colony — . . 

Hooker, Sir William Jackson. Botanist 1785 . . 

Hoole, Charles, of Rotheram. Translator of Terence. . . 1610. . 
Hoole, John. Dram. Poet, Transl. of Tasso and Ariosto 1727. . 

Hooper, Edmund. Composer of Anthems — 

Hooper, George. Bishop of Bath and Wells 1640. . 

Hooper, John. Bishop of Gloucester, Martyr 1495 . . 

Hooper, William. American Patriot 1742. . 

Hoornbeck, John. Dutch Writer 161 7 . . 

Hoorne, John van. Anatomist and Physician 1621 . . 

Hoost, Peter Cornelius van. (Hist, of the Low Countries) 1581. . 

Hope, Rev. Frederick William. Naturalist i797 ? . 

Hope, Admiral Sir Henry, k. c. b '. 1787. . 



845 
647 
708 
791 

724 
527 
678 
640 
725 

763 
827 
828 

841 

763 
702 
601 
600 
647 
865 
666 
803 
621 
727 

555 
790 
666 
670 
647 
862 
863 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 200 

BORN. DIED. 

Hope, John, m. d. Naturalist. L. byAndr. Duncan, 178G 1725. . 

Hope, Sir Thomas. Scottish Lawyer — 

Hope, Thomas. Writer on Art. (Anastasius) i7/0 ? . 

Hope, Thomas Charles. Scottish Chemist 1766. . 

Hope, Wm. Williams. Eccentric Millionnaire — 

Hopital, Michael de 1'. Chancellor of France. Life by 

Bernardi ; Villemain 1505 . . 

Hopital, Wm. Francis Anthony de 1'. Fr. Mathematician 1661 . . 
Hopkins, Charles. Dramatic Poet, Translator of Ovid. . 1664. . 

Hopkins, Edward. Governor of Connecticut — .. 

Hopkins, Esek. American Naval Officer 1718. . 

Hopkins, Ezekiel. Bishop of Londonderry l &33- • 

Hopkins, John. Poet. (Amasi<t) 1675 .aft. 

Hopkins, Lemuel. * Amer. Physician and Political Writer 1750. . 
Hopkins, Samuel, D. D. American Divine. Author of 

Hopkinsianism 1721 . . 

Hopkins, Stephen. American Statesman 1707. • 

Hopkins, Wm., D. D. Antiquary. L. by Dr. Hickes, 1708 1647 . . 
Hopkins, Rev. Wm. Arian. (Appeal to Common Sense) 1706. . 

Hopkinson, Francis. American Political Writer 1738. . 

Hopkinson, Joseph. American Jurist and Poet ^77° ■ • 

Hopper, Thomas. Architect 1775'. 

Hoppner, John, r. a. Painter and Writer 1759. . 

Hopton, Arthur. Mathematician I 5S9 ? . 

Hopton, Susanna. Religious Writer. (Hexameron) . . . . 1627.. 

Horace. Latin Poet 65.-8 

Horman, William, of Eton College. Divine and Botanist 1470?. 
Hormayr, Joseph von, Baron. Tyrolese Hist, and Patriot 1 781 . . 

Hormisdas. Pope (514-23) — .. 

Horn, Philip Montmorency, Ct. of. Dutch Statesm. ; beh. 1522. . 

Hornblower, Joseph C, ll. r>. American Jurist 1777 ' . . 

Home, Charles Edward. Musical Composer 1786. . 

Home, George. Hornius. Hist, and Geog. at Leyden 1620. . 
Home, George. Bishop of Norwich. ( On the Psalms.) 

Life by Jones of Nayland, 1795 1730. • 

Home, Rev. Thos. Hartwell. (Introduction.) L. byCheyne 1780.. 

Home Tooke, John. See Tooke 1,736 . . 

Horneck, Dr. Anth. Eng. Divine. L.byBp. Kidder, 1698 1641. . 
Hornemann, Frederick Conrad. African Traveler .. . 1772. aft. 
Horner, Francis. Writer. L. by Leonard Horner, 1843 1778. . 

Horner, Leonard. Geological TV riter 1785 ? . 

Horrebow, Christian. Writer on Parallax — 

Horrebow, Peter. Danish Astronomer l &79- • 

Horrocks, or Horrox, Jeremiah. Astronomer. ( Venus in 

Sole llsa) 1619?. 

Horsfield, Rev. Thos. Walker, f. s. a. (History of Sussex) — .. 

Horsley, John. Antiquary. (Britannia Eomana) 1685 . . 

Horsley, Samuel. Bishop of St. Asaph 1733. . 

Horstius, Gregory. Physician 157S. . 

Horstius, James. German Phvsician and Botanist 1537 . . 

Horte, Josiah. Archbishop of Tuam. (Sermons) — .. 

Hortense. Queen of Holland. Life by Lascelles Wraxall 1 y8^ . . 
Hortensius, Lambert. Dutch Philol., Poet, Historian.. 1501.. 

Hortensius, Martin. Dutch Astronomer 1605 . . 

14 



210 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Hortensius, Quintus. Roman Advocate and Orator 114 .50 b.c. 

Horvat, Stephen. Hungarian Writer 1784. . 1846 

Hosack, David. American Physician and Author 1769. .1835 

Hosea. Hebrew Prophet 8th c. B.C. 

Hoshea. Last King of Israel (b. c. 730-721) —aft. b.c. 721 

Hosius, Stanislaus. Polish Cardinal i5°4- • 15 79 

Hoskins, John. Lawyer and Poet 1566. . 1638 

Hoskins, John. Portrait Painter — . . 1664 

Hospinian, Rodolph. Swiss Protestant Divine 1547- .1626 

Hospital. See Hopital. 

Hossch, Sidronius. Flemish Jesuit; Latin Poet !596. -1653 

Host, Jens Kragh. Danish Historian 1772 

Hoste, John 1'. Fr. Mathem. (De la Sphere Arti ficielle) — . .1631 
Hoste, Paul V. Fr. Mathem. (DArt des Armees ftavales) 1652. .1700 

Hostus, Matthew. German Antiquary 1509.. 1587 

Hothom, "Walter. Poet. ( Biblia Versifcata) fl. 15th c. 

Hotman, or Hotomanus, Francis. See Hottoman i5 2 4- • 



Hottinger, or Hottinguer, John Conrad. Banker 1764 

Hottinger, or Hottinguer, John Henry. Swiss Protestant 

Divine and Orientalist. Life by Heidegger, 1667 1620. .1667 

Hottinger, or Hottinguer, John James, son. (Ecclesiasti- 
cal History of Switzerland) 1652. .1735 

Hottoman, Francis. French Lawyer. ( Anti-Tribonianiis) 1524.. 1590 

Houard de la Mothe, Anthony. Legal Antiquary 1725. .1803 

Houbigant, Charles Francis. French Theologian. Trans- 
lator of the Bible. Life by Adry, 1806 1686.. 1783 

Houbrak en, Arnold. Dutch Pa. {Lives of Dutch Painters) 1660.. 1719 

Houbraken, Jacob, son. Engraver 1698. .1780 

Houchard, John Nicholas. French Republican General. 1740. .1793 

Houdon, John Anthony. French Sculptor 1741 . . 1828 

Houdry, Vincent. French Jesuit, Preacher, and Writer. . 1631 . .1729 
Houel, John Peter Louis Lawrence. Fr. Paint. & Engrav. 1735 • • J 8i3 
Hough, John. President of Magdalen College and Bishop 

of Worcester. Life by J. E. Wilmot, 1812 ; Wm. Russell 165 1 . .1743 

Houghton, Major. African Explorer 1 750 '■ . aft. 1793 

Houlieres^ Antoinette du Ligier de la Garde des. French 

Poetess 1634?. 1694 

HouUier, James. Eollerius. French Medical Writer — . .1562 

Houseman, Cornelius, of Mechlin. Painter 1643 . .1727 

Houseman, James. Painter in England 1656. . 1696 

Houston, Sam. Amer. General ; Gov. and Pres. of Texas 1793. • J 862 

Houston, William. Phvsician and Botanist 1695?. 1733 

Houteville, Claude Francis. ( Truth of the Christ. Religion) 1686. . 1742 

Hoveden, Roger de. Historian — aft.1201 

How, William. Physician and Botanist 1619 . . 1656 

Howard, Catherine. Queen of Henry VIII 1520?. 1542 

Howard, Charles, created Earl of Nottingham. Command- 
er against the Armada 1 S3^>- .1624 

Howard, Charles, Earl of Carlisle. Diplomatist 1629. . 1686 

Howard, Sir Edward. Lord High Admiral — . . 1513 

Howard, Edward. Lieutenant r. n. Naval Novelist ... — . . 1841 
Howard, Frances, Countess of Essex, afterwards Countess 

of Somerset i594« • 1632 



590 

4°3 
841 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 211 

BORN. DIED. 

Howard, George Edmund. Polit. Writer and Dramatist 1725?. 1786 
Howard, Henry, Earl of Surrey. Poet ; beh. Life by Nott 1 5 1 5 '■ . 1 547 
Howard, Henry, Earl of Northampton. Scholar & Writer 1539'. 1614 

Howard, Henry, r. a. Painter ^7^>9- ■ J ^47 

Howard, John. Philanthro'pist. Life by John Aikin, 
1792; J. B. Brown, 1818; Thomas Taylor, 1836; W. H. 

Dixon, 1848; J. Field, 1850 1726?. 1790 

Howard, Luke. Meteorologist 1771'. 1864 

Howard, Philip, Earl of Arundel. Life by Duke of Nor- 
folk, 1857 1557- • 1595 

Howard, Philip, Thomas. Cardinal — ..1694 

Howard, Sir Robert. Writer. (Reigns of Edward II. and 

Richard II. ; History of Religion) 1626. . 1698 

Howard, Samuel. Musical Composer — • • i7&3 ? 

Howard, Thomas, Earl of Surrey and Third Duke of Nor- 
folk. Naval and Military Commander J473- • I 554 

Howard, Thos., E. Arund. Coll. of theA rundelian Marbles — ..1646 
Howe, Charles. Religious Writer. (Devout Meditations) 1661. .1745 
Howe, John. Chaplain to Cromwell. Life by Calamy ; 

J. Hunt, 1823; H. Rogers, 1836 1630. .1705 

Howe, Richard, Fourth Viscount. First Earl. Admiral. 

Life by George Mason, 1803; Sir J. Barrow, 1838 1725. .1799 

Howe, Sir William, brother. General in America — ..1814 

Howell, James. Miscel. Writer. (Epistolce Hoivelliance) . 1594?. 1666 
Howell, Dr. William. Hist. Writer. (History of the World) 1630^.1683 
Howells, Rev. William, of Long Acre Chapel. Life by 

Bowdler, 1836 1778.. 1832 

Howley, William. Archbishop of Canterbury (1828-48) . 1765 . . 1848 

Hoyle, Edmund. English Writer on Games 1672. .1769 

Hoyt, Gen. Epaphras. Amer. Historical & Antiq. Writer 1765 . .1850 

Hozier, Peter d\ Historian and Genealogist *59 2 - • l66 ° 

Huarte, John. Spanish Writer. ( Trial of Wits) 1 530? . 1600? 

Huarte, Vincent Garcia de la. See Huerta i7 2 9- • *797 

Hubald, of St. Amand. Poet and Musical Writer 840. . 930 

Hubbard, William. American Divine and Historian ... 1621..1704 
Huber, Francis. Naturalist. (Obseifations on Bees). . . . 1750.. 1830 

Huber, John. Genevese Painter and Profile Cutter 1722. .1790 

Huber, John James. Anat. & Bot. (De Medulla Spinali) 1707. .1778 

Huber, John Rudolph, of Basle. Painter 1668. .1748 

Huber, Mary. Deistical Writer 1695 . . 1753 

Huber, Michael. French Writer and Translator i7 2 7- .1804 

Huber, Peter. Swiss Naturalist *777- • ^40 

Huber, Theresa. German Novelist 1764. . 1829 

Huber, Ulric, of Friesland. (De Jure Civitatis) 1636. . 1694 

Hubert, Matthew. French Preacher 1640. .1717 

Hue, EVariste Rt^gis. French Missionary and Traveler . . 1813. .i860 

Huchtenburg, John van. Dutch Battle Painter 1646. .1733 

Hudde, John, of Amsterdam. Statesman and Mathem. . . 1633.. 1704 

Huddleston, Robert. Antiquary 1 776 . . 1826 

Hudson, Captain Henry. Discoverer of Hudson's Bay . . — . .1611 

Hudson, Jeffrey. Dwarf at the Court of Charles I — aft. 1682 

Hudson, John, d. d., of St. Mary Hall. Classical Editor 1662. .1719 

Hudson, Thomas. Portrait Painter 1701 . .1779 

Hudson, William. Botauist. (Flora Anglica) 1730- • 1793 



212 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Huebner, John, of Hamburg. Historical Writer 1668. .1731 

Huerta, Vincent Garcia de la. Spanish Poet and Critic. . 1729. .1797 
Huet, Peter Daniel. Bishop of Avranches. Editor of 
Delphin Classics. (Demonst ratio Evangelica.) Life by 

self, translated by Aikin, 1810 *. 1630. .1721 

Huett, Thomas. Translator of Welsh Bible — . . 1591 

Hufeland, Christopher William. German Physician. 

( The Art of Prolonging Life) 1762. . 1836 

Hufnagel, or Hofhaghel, George. Flemish Painter 1545 . .1600 

Hug, John Leonard. German Biblical Scholar and Writer 1765. .1846 
Huger, Francis Kinlock. American Military Officer .... 1764. .1855 

Huger, Isaac. American Revolutionary General 1725?. 1782 

Hugh the Great, Duke of France — . . 956 

Hugh. Capet, King of France (987-96), son 939 ? - 996 

Hugh, de Cluni. Abbot of Cluni 1024 . . 1 109 

Hugh de Flavigny. Abbot. (Chronicon Verdunense) 1065. aft. 11 15 
Hugh de Fleury. Chronicler. (De la Puissance Royule) — ..1130? 
Hugh de St. Cher. Cardinal. Biblical Commentator . . — . . 1263 

Hugh de St. Victor. Divine 1098. .1141? 

Hughes, Jabez. Scholar and Classical Translator 1685 . . 1731 

Hughes, John. Poet and Essayist. (Siege of Damascus) 1677. .1720 
Hughes, John, d. r>. American Roman Catholic Prelate 1797. .1864 
Hugo, Chas. Louis. Fr.Writ. (Annates Premonstratensium) 1667.. 1739 

Hugo, Gustavus. Writer on Jurisprudence 1764. . 1844 

Hugo, Herman. Jesuit. Latin Poet 1588. . 1629 

Hugtenburgh, John van. Dutch Painter 1646. .1733 

Huldric, John James. Theologian of Zurich 1683. .1731 

Hulin, or Hullin, Peter Augustine, Count. Fr. General. . 1758. .1841 

Hull, Isaac. American Naval Officer 1775 . . 1843 

Hull, Thos. Dram. Writer, Actor. (Richard Plantagenet) 1728. .1808 

Hull, William. American Revolutionary Officer 1753 . . 1825 

Hulse, Rev. John, b. a. (1728). Founder of Hulsean Lect. — ..1777? 

Hulse, Rev. John. Founder of Hulsean Prize — . . 1800 

Hulsemarui, John. Lutheran Theologian at Leipsic 1602. . 1661 

Hulsius, Anthony. Theol. at Leyden. (TheoLJudaica) 1615..1685 
Hulsius, Henry. Theol. at Donisburg. ( Summa Theologian) 1624 . . 1 723 

Hulst, Peter van der. Dutch Painter 1652. .1708 

Humayun. Mogul Emperor. Life trans, by Stewart, 1832 1 508 . . 1 5 56 

Humbert, Cardinal. Theologian — . . 1063? 

Humbert, Joseph Amable. French Revolutionary General 1767. .1823 
Humboldt, Charles William von. Statesman and Philolo- 
gist. Life by Klencke and Schlesier 1767. . 1835 

Humboldt, Frederick Henry Alexander von. Naturalist 

and Traveler. (Kosmos) 1769- • 1859 

Hume, David. Philosopher and Hist. Life by self, 1777, 
ed. by Adam Smith, 1789 ; Robert Pratt, 1777 ; David 
Dalrymple, 1787 ; T. E. Ritchie, 1807 ; J. H. Burton, 1846 1711 . . 1776 
Hume, James Deacon. Financier. L by C. Badham, 1859 1774. .1842 

Hume, Joseph, m. p. Politician 1777- • 1855 

Hume, Sir Patrick. Scottish Commentator on Milton. . . fl. 1695 

Hummel, John Nepomuk. Musical Composer 1778.. 1837 

Humphrey, Heman, d. d. American Divine and Writer 1779. . 1859 

Humphrey, Dr. Lawrence. Divine and Biographer 1527?. 1590 

Humphrey, Pelharn. Musical Composer 1647. . 1674 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 213 



BORN. DIED. 



Humphreys, David. American Statesman 1753. 

Humphreys, . las. Lawyer. (Eng.Law of Real Property) — . 

Humphries, John. Musical Composer '. . — . 

Humphry, Ozias, R. A. Miniature Painter 1743- 

Hunauld, Francis Joseph. Anatomist and Physician. . . . 1701 . 

Hunneric. King of the Vandals in Africa (477-84) — . 

Hunniad.es, John Corvinus. Hungarian General 1400'. 

Hunnis, William. Poetical Writer fl. ti. E 

jHunnius, Giles. Lutheran Writer against Calvinists . .. 1550. 

Hunt, Mrs. Arabella. Singer — . 

Hunt, Freeman. American Journalist and Author 1804. , 

Hunt, Henry, m. p. Politician 1773 . 

Hunt, Jas. Henry Leigh. Poet & Essayist. (Autobiog. 1850) 1784. 

Hunt, Jeremiah, d. d. Dissenting Divine 1678. 

Hunt, Thomas. Hebrew Prof, at Oxford. ( On Proverbs) 1696. . 

Hunt, William Henry. Painter in Water Colors 1790. 

Hunter, Mrs. Anne Home. Poetess 1741 . 

Hunter, Christopher, of Durham. Phys. and Antiquary . 1675..: 

Hunter, Henry. Scottish Preacher and Biographer 1741. 

Hunter, Rev. Humphrey. American Patriot 1755 . 

Hunter, John. Surgeon & Comparative Anatomist. L. by 

Everard Home; Jesse Foot, 1794; Joseph Adams, 1816 1728. 

Hunter, John. Admiral 1738. 

Hunter, John, ll. d., of St. Andrew's. Classical Editor. 1747. . 
Hunter, Rev. Joseph, f. s. a. Topographer and Literary 

Antiquary. (Hallamshire ; Illustrations of Shakespeare) 17S3. . 
Hunter, Robert. Gov. of Jamaica. (Letter on Enthusiasm) — .. 
Hunter, William, m.d. Physician & Anatomist. Founder 

of Hunterian Museum. Life by S. F. Simmons, 1783. 1718. .: 
Hunter, William. Scottish Surgeon and Orientalist .... — 

Huntingdon, He'nry of. Historian. Life by Smith — aft. 

Huntingdon, Selina, Countess of. Life by a member of 

the Houses of Shirley and Hastings, 1839 1707. 

Huntingdon, William. " S. S. (i. e., Sinner Saved). Meth- 
odist Preacher x 744- 

Huntingford, Geo. Isaac. Bp. of Hereford. Class. Scholar 1748 . 
Huntington, Robt. Bp. Raphoe. L. by Dr. T. Smith, 1704 1636. 
Huntington, Samuel. American Jurist and Patriot. , . . 1732. 
Huntsman, Benjamin, of Sheffield. Inventor of Cast Steel 1704. 

Hunyady. See Hunniades 1400? 

Huppazoli. Francis. Italian Centenarian . 1587. 

Hurd, Richard. Bishop of Worcester. Life by self; Kilvert 1720. 

Hurdis, James, d. d. Poet 1 763 . 

Hure, Charles. French Jansenist. (Diet, of the Bible). . 1639. 

Husbands, Herman. American Patriot — . 

Huskisson, William. Statesman. Life by Wright 1770. 

Huss, John. Bohemian Reformer. Life by Cochlseus, 

1547; Herzovinus,1618; Theobald, 1626 : Werner, 1671; 

Esberg, 1699 ; Sevfried, 1711 ; Gilpin, 1765 ; Zitte, 1786 ; 

Tischer, 1798; Wendt, 1845; Lommel, 1847 ; A. Nean- 

der, 1849 1376?. 1415 

Hussey, Giles. Painter 1710..1788 

Husson, Aristides. French Sculptor 1803?. 1864 

Huteheson, Francis, ll. d. Metaphysician J694- . 1747 



214 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Hutchins, John. Topog. Historian. {History of Dorset) 1698. .1773 

Hutchins, Thomas. American Geographer 1730?. 1789 

Hutchinson, Anne. Religious Enthusiast in America. . . — . .1643 
Hutchinson, John, Colonel. Life by Lucy Hutchinson. . 1617. .1664 
Hutchinson, John. Philos. Author of Hutchinsonianism 1674. .1737 
Hutchinson, John Hely. Irish Lawyer and Statesman. . 171 5. .1794 
Hutchinson, John Hely, Earl of Donoughmore. General 1757. .1832 
Hutchinson, Mrs. Lucy Apsley, w. of Col. John. L. by self 1620. . — 

Hutchinson, Roger, of Eton 16th c. 

Hutchinson, Thomas. Chief Just. Gov. of Massachusetts 171 1. .1730 
Hutten, Ulric von. Soldier, Poet, Writer. L. by Meiners 1488. .1523 

Hutter, Elias, of Nuremberg. Polyglottist 1553. aft 1602 

Hutter, Leonard, brother. Protestant Controversialist. . . 1563. .1616 

Hutton, Charles, ll. d. (Mathematical Course) 1737- -1823 

Hutton, James. Geologist. (Plutonian Theory) 1726. .1797 

Hutton, Matthew. Bishop of Durham (1-489-95), Arch- 
bishop of York (1595-1606) i: i 2 9- .1606 

Hutton, Matthew. Bishop of Bangor (1743-47), Arch- 
bishop of York (1747-57), Archbishop of Canterbury — ..1758 
Hutton, Win., of Birmingham. Topog. Hist. L. by self 1723. .1815 
Huxham, John, m. d., of Plymouth. Medical Writer. . . — ..1768 
Huyghens, Christian. Mathematician and Astronomer. . 1629. .1695 
Huyghens, Constantine. Dutch Statesman aud Latin 

Poet. ( Momenta Desultoria) 1596. . 1687 

Huyghens, Gomarus. Dutch Theologian 1631 . .1702 

Huysum, Jacob van. Painter 1680 . . 1 740 

Huysum, John van. Painter of Flowers and Fruit 1682. . 1749 

Huysum, Justus van. The Old. Dutch Painter 1659. .1716 

Huysum, Justus van. The Young. Dutch Painter 1684.. 1706 

Hyatt, John. Wesleyan Preacher. Life by Dr. Morison 1767. .1826 
Hyde, Edward, First Earl of Clarendon. Lord Chancellor. 

(History of Rebellion. ) Life by self; H. T. Lister, 1838 1608 . . 1674 
Hyde, Henry, Second Earl of Clarendon, son. Lord Lieu- 
tenant of Ireland. (History of the Irish Rebellion) . . . 1638. .1709 
Hyde, Lawrence, k. g., First Earl of Rochester, younger 

brother. Statesman. Lord Lieutenant — ..1711 

Hyde, Sir Nicholas. Lord Chief Justice 1572?. 163 1 

Hyde, Thos., d. d. Orient. (Religionis Persarum Historia) 1636. .1703 
Hyde de Neuville, John William, Baron. Fr. Politician 1776. . 1857 
Hyder Ali. Sultan of Mysore. Life by Meer Hussein 

Ali Khan, translated by Colonel Miles, 1842 1717- .1782 

Hyginus, Caius Julius. Roman Writer. (Poeticon Astro- 

nomicon) fl. ti. Augustus 

Hyginus. Bishop of Rome (138-42) — . . 142 

Hyndford, John Carmichael, Third Earl of. Scot. Diplom. 1701 . . 1767 

Hypatia, of Alexandria. Philosopher — . . 415 

Hyperides. Athenian Orator 396^322 B.C. 

Hyperius, Gerard Andrew, of Ypres. Theologian 151 1 . .1564 

Hyrcanus I., John. High Priest and Prince of the Jews — B.c.106 

Hyrcanus II. High Priest and King of the Jews uo ? .3o B.C. 

Hywell ap Morgan Mawr. Prince of Glamorgan 983. . 1043 

Hywell ap Owain Gwynedd. Pr. of N. Wales. Poet — . .1171 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 215 



I. 



BORN. DIED. 



Ibarra, Joachim. Spanish Printer 1725 

Ibbetson, Mrs. Agnes. Philosophical "Writer 1757. . 

Ibbetson, Julius Caesar. Landscape Painter — 

Ibbot, Benjamin, d. d. Boylean Lecturer 1680. . 

Iberville, Lemorne d'. Canadian Navigator 1642. . 

Ibn Tofail, Jaafer. Arabian Philosopher — 

Ibrahim Pasha. Viceroy of Egypt 1789. . 

Ibycus. Greek Lyric Poet fl. B.C. 

Ideler, Christian Louis. German Savant 1766. . 

Ietzeler, Christopher. Swiss Architect & Mathematician 1734. . 
Iffland, Augustus Win. Ger. Actor and Dramatic Writer 1759. . 
Ignarra, Nicholas. Antiquary. (De Pulcesird Neapolitana) 1728. . 

Ignatius, St. Bishop of Antioch, and Martyr — 

Ignatius, St. Patriarch of Constantinople 799 . . 

Ignatius Loyola. See Loyola 1491 . . 

Ihre, John. Swedish Scholar and Antiquary 1707. . 

Udefonse, St. Bp. of Toledo. (Account of Eccles.Writers) 607.. 

Hive, Jacob. English Printer and Writer 1710. . 

Illescas, Gonsalvo. Sp. Eccles. (Hist, of Catk. Pontifical) — .. 
Ulyrius, Matthias Flacius, or Francowitz. Lutheran Div. 1520. . 

Hmoni, Immanuel. Finnish Physician 1797- • 

Imbert, Bartholomew. Poet, of Nismes 1747- ■ 

Imbert, John. French Advocate and Law Writer 1522?. 

Imbert, Joseph Gabriel. French Painter J 654. . 

ImhofT, John (or James) William. Genealogist 165 1 . . 

Immermann, Charles Lebrecht. Ger. Poet and Novelist 1796. . 

Imola, Innocent da. Francucci. Italian Painter 1480?. 

Imperiali, John. Physician. (Museum Eistoricum) .... 1602. . 
Imperiali, John Baptist. Italian Physician and Poet. 

(Exercitationum Exoticarum) 1568. . 

Imperiali, Joseph Rene\ Cardinal 1651 . . 

Ina. King of Wessex (689-728) —aft 

Inchbald, Mrs. Elizabeth. Novelist and Dramatist. Life 

by Boaden, 1833 1753 

Inchoffer, Melchior. German Jesuit 1584 

Incledon, Benjamin Charles. Singer 1764 

Inez de Castro. Queen of Portugal — 

Ingegno, L\ See LTngegno. Painter 1450 

Ingenhousz, John. Dutch Physician and Chemist 1730 

Ingersoll, Charles Jared. American Statesman 17S2 

Ingersoll, Jared. American Lawyer 1749 

Inghen, William van. Dutch Historical Painter 165 1 

Inghirami, Cavaliere Francesco. Italian Archaeologist. 

( Monumenti Etrusclti) 1772 

Inglis, Henry David. Tourist and Writer 1795 

Inglis, James. Poet. Murdered. ( Complaynt of Scotland) — 
Inglis, John, d. d. Scot. Div. (Evidences of Christianity) 1763 
Inglis, Sir John Eardley Wilmot, k. c. b. Defender of 

Lucknow 1814 

Inglis, Sir Robert Harry, at. p. Politician 1786 



785 
823 

817 

725 

706 



216 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED 

Ingram, Rev. Dr. James. Saxonist 1774. • 1850 

Ingram, Rev. Robert. Biblical Writer. (The Ten Tribes) 1727. .1804 

Ingrassias, John Philip, of Palermo. Phvsician 1510. .1580 

Inguimberti, Dominic Joseph Mary de. Bishop of Char- 

pentras. Writer 1683. . 1757 

Ingulph. Abbot of Croyland. Historian 1030?. 1 109 

Inman, Henry. American Artist 1801 . . 1846 

Inman, Rev. James. Mathematician and Naval Architect 1776. .1859 
Inman, John. Amer. Journalist & Miscellaneous Writer — ..1850 

Innes, Father. Historical Writer 1662 . . 1 744 

Innocent I. Pope (402-17) — . . 417 

Innocent II. ( 1130-43. ) Gregorio Papi — . . 1 143 

Innocent IH. (1198-1216.) Lothario Conti. Life by 
Lessinan, 1830; Rottengatter, 1831; Hurter, 1836; 

Waibel, 1845 1161. .1216 

Innocent IV. (1243-54.) Sinibaldo de 1 Fieschi — . . 1254 

Innocent V. (1276.) Peter de* Champagniaco 1225 . . 1276 

Innocent VI. (1352-62.) Stephen Albert — . . 1362 

Innocent VII. (1404-6.) Cosmo de' Miqliorati 1336. . 1406 

Innocent VIH. ( 1484-92. ) John Baptist Oho 1432 . . 1492 

Innocent IX. (1591.) John Anthonu Facchinetii 1519. .1591 

Innocent X. (1644-55.) John Baptist Pan fili 1572.. 1655 

Innocent XI. (1676-89. ) Benedict Odescalchi 161 1 .. 1689 

Innocent XTT . (1691-1700.) Anthony Pignatelli 1615 .. 1700 

Innocent XTTT. (1721-24.) Michael Angelo Conti 1655 . .1724 

Interian de Ayala, John. Spanish Ecclesiastic. (Pic- 
tor Christianus Fruditus) 1656. .1730 

Inveges, Augustine. Sicilian Historian and Antiquary. 

(History of Palermo) 1595 . . 1677 

Inwood, Charles Frederick. Architect 1 798 . . 1840 

Inwood, Henry Win. Architect. (Athenian Architecture) 1794?. 1843 
Inwood, William. Architect and Surveyor. (Tables).. 1771- ■ 1843 

Iolo Gotch. Welsh Bard with Owen Glendower fl. 1400' 

Iphicrates. Athenian General 419? . 348- b.c. 

Irailh, Augustin Simon. French Writer 1719- • 1794 

Iredell, James. American Jurist 1751..1 799 

Iredell, James, son. Writer on Law 17S8 . . 1853 

Ireland, John. Writer. (Hogarth Illustrated) — . . 1808 

Ireland, John. Dean of Westm. Founder of Professorship 1 762 . . 1 842 
Ireland, Sam. Writer and Publisher. (Picturesque Tours) 1750?. 1800 
Ireland, Samuel William Henry. Novelist. {Vortigern) 1777. .1835 
Irenseus. Bishop of Lvons. Life bv Devling, 1721; A. 

F. Gervaise, 1723 ; Beaven, 1841 ; Prat, 1843 130? . 200? 

Irene. Empress of Constantinople (797-802). Life bv 

Mignot, 1762 ". 752?. 803? 

Ireton, Henry. Republican Officer and Statesman 1610. .1651 

Irnerius, or Wernerius. Italian Jurist — aft. 1 1 18 

Iron Mask. History of, by Lord Dover; J. Delort, 1825 — . .1703 

Irvine, William. American Revolutionary General 1 742 ? . 1 804 

Irving, Rev. Edward. Scottish Divine. " Life by Wash- 
ington Wilks, 1854 ; Mrs. Oliphant 1 792 . . 1834 

Irving, Peter. American Writer 1771 . . 1838 

Irving, Washington, brother. American Writer. Life by 

P. M. Irving, 1862 1783. . 1859 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 217 

BORN. DIED. 

Irving, William, brother. "Writer 1766 . . 1821 

Irwin, Eyles. Writer on Eastern subjects 1748 . . 1817 

Isaac. Patriarch 1896. 1 716 b.c. 

Isaac I. Emperor of the East (1057-59). Comnenus. ... — . . 1061 

Isaac II. (1185-1204.) Angelus 1 154.. 1204 

Isaacson, Henry. Chronologist 15S1 . . 1654 

Isabella, of Angouleme. Queen of England, wife of 'John — . .1245 
Isabella, of Bavaria. Qu. of France, wife of Charles VI. 1371. .1435 
Isabella, of France. Queen of Eng., wife of Edward II. 1292. .1358 
Isabella, of France. Queen of Eng., wife of Richard II. 1389. .1409 
Iaabella. Queen of Castile. The Catholic. Wife of Ferdi- 
nand of Aragon. Life by Pulgar, 1545; Bravo, 1564; 
Zurita, 1580; Molina, 1587; Marineus, 1587 ; Gracian, 

1641 ; Mignot, 1766 ; Prescott, 1839 145 1 . . 1 504 

Isabella. Queen of Hungary, wife of John Zapolita. . . . 1518. .1558 

Isabey, John Baptist. French Miniature Painter 1767. .1855 

Isaeus. Athenian Orator fl. 420-348 B.C. 

Isaiah. Hebrew Prophet fl. 760-710 B.C. 

Isambert, Francis Andrew. French Politician and Jurist 1792. .1857 
Iscanus, Josephus, or Joseph, of Exeter. Poet. (Anti- 

ocheis) fl. ti. Rd. I. & John 

Iselin, Isaac. German Philosopher. (Hist, of Mankind) 1728. .1782 
Iselin, James Christopher. Historical Writer at Basle. . . 1681 . .1737 

Ishmael, son of Abraham and Hagar 1910. 1773 B.C. 

Isidore, St., of Pelusium. Monk and Scholar. (Epistles) 370'. 450? 
Isidore, St., of Seville. Hispalensis. L. by Lucas Tudensis 570?. 636 
Isidore. Mercator, or Peccator. Author of the Decretals fl.8oo ? 
Isla, Jos. Francis de. Sp. Satirist. {L. of Friar Gerund) 1714. .1783 

Isnard, Maximin. French Political Orator 1751 . . 1830 

Isocrates. Athenian Orator 436.338 b.c. 

Itard, John Mary Gaspar. Fr. Surgeon and Philosopher 1775. .1S38 
Ittigius, Thomas. Lutheran Theologian and Scholar . . . 1643. .1710 

Iturbide, Augustin. Emperor of Mexico 1784. . 1824 

Ivan I., or III. Czar of Russia (1462-1505). VasiUvitch. . 1438. .1505 
Ivan II., or IV. (1533-84.) VasiUvitch; The Terrible . . 1529.. 1584 

Ivan III., or V. (1682-89.) Alexiovitch 1666 .. 1696 

Ivan IV., or VI. (1740-41.) Of Brunswick Bevern 1740. . 1764 

Ivanof, Feodor Feodorovitch. Russian Dramatist 1777 . .1816 

Ives, Ivo, or Yves, St. Bishop of Chartres (1093-1115) . . 1035 . . 1115 

Ives, John. Antiquary and Herald 1751 . .1776 

Iveteaux, Nicholas Vauquelin, Seigneur de. French Poet 1559. . 1649 

Ivory, James. Scottish Mathematician 1765 . . 1S42 

Ixtilxochitl, Fernando de Alva. Indian Historian fl. 16th c. 

Izaacke, Richard. (Antiquities of Exeter) 1624. .1700 

Izard, Ralph. American Statesman 1742. . 1804 

Iziocalt H. (1433-45.) Founder of Mexican Empire . . — . .1445 



218 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 



J. 

BORN. DIED. 

Jaaphar-ebn-Tophail. Arabian Philosopher — . . 1188 

Jablonowsky, Jos. Alex. von. Polish Prince & Scholar 1711. .1777 
Jablonsky, Charles Gustavus. Prussian Entomologist . . 1756. .1787 

Jablonsky, Daniel Ernest. {Jura Dissidentium) 1660. .1741 

Jablonsky, John Theod. Pruss. Scholar. (Diet, of Arts) 1654. .1731 
Jablonsky, Paul Ernest. Theologian and Egyptologist. . 1693 . .1757 
Jacaia-ben-Joseph. Port. Rabbi ; Biblical Commentator — --I539 
Jacetius, Francis de Cataueis. Ital. Platonic Philosopher 1466. .1522 
Jackson, Andrew. General. Seventh President of the 
United States (1829-37). Life by Eaton, 1831 ; Down- 
ing, 1834; Bouis, 1841; Parton 1767.. 1845 

Jackson, Arthur. Ejected Nonconformist. Commentator 1593. .1666 

Jackson, Charles. American Jurist 1775 . . 1855 

Jackson, Cyril, d. d. Dean of Christ Church. Scholar 1742. .1819 

Jackson, James. American Soldier and Statesman 1757. • 1806 

Jackson, Rev. John. Arian Div. ( Chronohg. Antiquities) 1686. .1763 

Jackson, John, r. a. Portrait Painter 1778 . . 1831 

Jackson, Joseph. Letter Founder l 733- • 1792 

Jackson, Patrick Tracy. Amer. Merch. L. by J. A. Lowell 1 780 . . 1847 

Jackson, Robert, m. d. Writer on Fever 1751 . .1827 

Jackson, Thos. Dean of Peterborough. ( On the Creed) 1579. .1640 
Jackson, Thomas Jonathan. Stonewall. American " Con- 
federate " General. Life by Dr. Dabney ; J. M. Daniels 1826 . . 1863 
Jackson, Wm., of Exeter. Musical Composer and Writer 1730. . 1803 
Jackson, William. Greek Professor and Bishop of Ox- 
ford. Translator of Eratosthenes , 1750. . 181 5 

Jacob. Patriarch 1836. 1689 b.c. 

Jacob, of Edessa. Zanzalus. Found, of Jacobite Churches — .. 578 

Jacob, of Nisibis — 350 or 338 

Jacob, Giles. Law Writer and Biographer 1686. . 1744 

Jacob, Henry. Independent Divine 1561 . . 1626 

Jacob, Hen., son. Philol. & Orient. ( Gr. et Lat. Poemata) 1607- . 1652 

Jacob, John. Commander of the Scinde Horse 1813. . 1858 

Jacob, John. Mechanical Inventor and Printer in Persia fl. 1650' 
Jacobaeus, Oliger. Danish Physician and Latin Poet. . . 1650. .1701 
Jacobazzi, Dominic. Cardinal. (A Treatise on Councils) 1443. .1527 
Jacobi, Charles Gustavus Jacob. German Mathematician 1804. . 185 1 
Jacobi, Fred. Henry. Metaphysician. L. by Kuhn, 1834 1 743 . . 1819 

Jacobi, John George, brother. German Poet 1740. . 1814 

Jacobi, Maximilian. German Physician 1775 . . 1858 

Jacobs, Christian Fred. Wm. Ger.*Philol. and Tale Writer 1764. . 1847 

Jacobs, Jurien. Swiss Painter 1610. . 1664 

Jacobs, Lucas. Lucas van Leyden. Painter J 494- .1533 

Jacobson, John Charles Godfrey. Prussian Technologist 1 726 . . 1 789 

Jacomb, Thomas. Ejected Nonconformist Divine 1622. . 1687 

Jacopone da Todi. Italian Poet. (Spiritual Canticles) — ..1306 

Jacotot, John Joseph. French Educationist i77°- • 1840 

Jacquard, Joseph Mary. Mechanician. L. by De Fortis 1752. .1834 
Jacquelot, Isaac. Fr. Prot.Theologian. (Existence of God) 1647.. 1708 
Jacquemont, Victor. French Traveler and Naturalist. . 1801. .1832 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 219 

BORN. DIED. 

Jacques, Frere. Baulot. French Lithotomist 165 1 . .1720 

Jacquet, Louis. French Essayist 1 732 . . 1 793 

Jacquier, Francis. Jesuit. Editor of Newton 1711. .1788 

Jacquin, Nicholas Joseph. Botanist. (FlorceAustriacce) 1727. .1817 

Jadelot, Nicholas. French Medical Writer 1736 . .1793 

Jaeger, John Wolfgang. Lutheran Divine 1647. .1720 

Jaenbert. Archbishop of Canterbury (766-90) — . . 790 

J ago, Richard. English Poet. (Edgehill) 1715- • i/8i 

Jann, Frederick Louis. Ger. Litterateur and Politician 1778.. 1852 

Jahn, John. Orientalist 1750 . .1817 

Jaillot, Hubert Alexis. French Geographer 1640?. 1 712 

Jaillot, ne Renou, John Baptist Michael, son-in-law. (Re- 

cherches sur Paris) i7io ? . 1780 

Jakob, Louis Henry von. Ger. Philos. & Polit. Economist 1759. . 1827 

Jamblichus. Neoplatonist — bef.330 

James, St. The Elder. Apostle. — . • 44 ? 

James, St. The Less. Apostle — .. 62? 

James I. King of Aragon. The Conqueror 1206. .1276 

James II. The Just 1261 . . 1327 

James I. King of Scotland (1406-37). Life by Arthur 

Wilson ; Robert Chalmers, 1830 1394- ■ H37 

James II. (1437-60^ 1430.. 1460 

James III. (1460-88) 1453.. 14S8 

JamesIV. (1488-1513.) Fell at Flodden 1473. .1513 

James V. (1513-42.) Life by Paterson 15 12. .1542 

James I. King of England (1603-25). Life by Arthur 
Wilson, 1653; W. Sanderson, 1656; Wm. Harris, 1753; 

Laing, 1804; Thomas Thomson, 1825 1566. .1625 

James II. ( 1685-88. ) L. by Bishop Burnet ; J. S. Clarke, 
1816 ; Lord Lonsdale ; Richard Burton, 1693 ; David 
Jones, 1702; Bretonneau; M. T. C Duplessis, 1740. . 1633. .1701 
James, Geo. Payne Rainsford. Novelist, Hist., and Poet 1S01. .1S60 
James, John Angell. Dissenting Divine of Birmingham 1785. .1859 
James, John Thomas. Bishop of Calcutta. Life by son 1786. .1829 

James, Richard. Scholar, Antiquary, and Divine 1592. . 1638 

James, Robert, m. d. Inventor of James's Powder 1703. .1776 

James, Thomas. Arctic Navigator 17th c. 

James, Thos., i>. d. Coll. of MSS. ( Corruption of Script.) 1571 . . 1629 
James, Thos., D. D. Mast, of Rugby. (Compend.qf Geog.) — ..1804 
James, Rev. Thomas. Antiquary & Miscellaneous Writer — . . 1863 

James, William. {Naval History of Great Britain) — . .1827 

James, William. Railway Projector 1770. . 1837 

James Francis Edward. The Elder Pretender. Cheva- 
lier de St. George J6S8 . . 1 765 

James de Vitry. Cardinal. (Eastern # Western History) — ..1244 
James de Voragine. Abp. of Genoa. (Golden Legend) 1230'. 1298 

Jameson, Mrs. Anna. W liter on Art 1 797 • • l86 ° 

Jameson, Robert. Scottish Naturalist 1774- • l8 54 

Jamesone, George. Scottish Portrait Painter 1586. .1644 

Jamet, Peter Charles. Fr. Writer. (Metaphysical Essays) 1701 . .1770? 

Jami, or Djami. Persian Poet 1414 . . 1492 

Jamieson,' John, d. d. Theologian and Philologist 175 s • • lS 3 8 

Jamyn, Amadis. French Poet 1530?. 1585? 

Jane I. Queen of Naples (1343-82) 1327 .. 1382 



220 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 



BORN. DIED. 



Jane U. Queen of Naples (1414-35) 1370 . . 1435 

Jane d'Albret. Queen of Navarre. L. by M. W. Freer 1528. .1572 
Janeway, Jas. Ejected Nonconf. (Token .for Children) 1636. .1674 
Janicon, Francis Michael. Fr. Polit. Writer in Holland 1674?. 1730 

Janozki, John Daniel Andrew. Polish Writer 1720. .1786 

Jansenius, Cornelius. Bishop of Ghent. (Harmony of 

the Gospels) 1510. .1576 

Jansenius, Cornelius. Bp. of Ypres. Auth. of Jansenism. 

(Augustinus.) Life by Leydecker, 1695; Frick, 1717. . 1585. .1638 

Jansenius, James, of Louvain. Commentator !547- .1625 

Janson, Jansonius, or Jenson, Nicholas. French Printer 

and Type Founder — 

Janssens, Abraham. Dutch Historical Painter T 569- . 

Janssens, or Johnson, Cornelius. Dutch Portrait Painter 

in England J 59°- -1665 

Janssens, Victor Honorius. Dutch Historical Painter . . 1664. .1739 
Januarius, St. Bishop of Benevento. Martyr fl. ti. Dioclet 



Japtx, or Japicks, Gysbert. Frisian Poet 1603. 

Jarchi, Solomon Benj. Isaac. Rabbi and Commentator. . 1104. . 

Jardine, George, of Glasgow. Professor of Logic J 743- • 

Jardins, Mary Hortense des. French Novelist 1632. . 

Jardyn, Karel, or Charles, du. Dutch Painter 1640. . 

Jarnowich, or Giornovichi, Giovanna Mane. Violinist. . 1745. • 
Jarrige, Peter. French Jesuit. (Jesuits on a Scaffold) . . 1605. . 
Jarry, Lawrence Juillard du. French Poet and Divine. . 1658. . 

Jarry, Nicholas. French Caligraphist 1620? 

Jars, Gabriel. French Metallurgist *73 2 - ■ 

Jarvis, Abraham, d. d. American Divine 1 739. . 

Jarvis, John. Painter on Glass 1749- • 

Jarvis, Samuel Farmar. American Divine and Author. . 1786. . 

Jasmin, James, of Agen. Barber Poet 1 79%- ■ 

Jason. Tyrant of Pherae — b.c 

Jasper, William. American Revolutionary Soldier i75o ? . 

Jaubert, Peter Ame" dee Emilien Probe, Chevalier. French 

Orientalist 1 779 . . 

Jaueourt, Louis de, Chevalier. French Medical Writer. . 1704. . 
Jault, Augustus Francis. Fr. Med. Writer and Translator 1700/. 

Jaureguy y Aguilar. Spanish Poet and Painter 1566. . 

Jay, Anthony. French Publicist 1770. . 

Jay, Guy Michael le. French Orientalist. ( Polyglot Bible ) 1 588 . . 
Jay, John. Amer. Jurist & Statesm. L. by Wni. Jay, 1832 1745 . . 
Jay, Rev. Wm., of Bath. Life by Redford"and James, 1 854 1 769 . . 

Jay, William. American Jurist and Philanthropist 1779- • 

Jayadeva. Hindoo Poet. ( Gita Govinda) fl. 11 

Jazikoff, Nicholas. Russian Poet 1805''. 

Jeacock, Caleb. Writer and Orator. (Vind.of St. Paul) — .. 

Jeanes, Rev. Henry. Divine 161 1 . . 

Jean Jacques. See Rousseau 1712. . 

Jeanne d'Arc. Maid of Orleans. See Dare 1412?. 

Jeannin, Peter. Fr. Statesm. (Memoirs cf Negotiations) 1540.. 

Jean Paul. See Richter ; . . . 1763. 

Jeaurat, Edme Sebastian. French Mathematician 1724. 

Jebb, John, m. d. Theological, Political, & Med. Writer 1736. 
Jebb, John. Bishop of Limerick. L. by C. Forster, 1836 1775 . 



666 
180 
827 
683 
678 
804 
660 
73° 

769 

8i3 
804 
851 
864 
37o 
779 

847 
779 
757 
650 
854 
674 
S29 

8 5 § 

o- 

847 

786? 

662 

778 

43i 
622 
825 
803 
786 
833 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 221 

BORN. DIED. 

Jebb, Sir Joshua, k. c b. General. Surveyor- General 

of Prisons ." 1793?. 1863 

Jebb, Samuel, m. d. Classical Writer — . .1772 

Jefferson, Thomas. Third President of the United States. 

Life by T. J. Randolph, 1829; George Tucker, 1836. . 1743. -1826 

Jeffery, John. Archdeacon of Norwich. Divine 1647.. 1720 

Jeffrey, Francis, Lord. Scotch Judge. Editor of Edin- 
burgh Review. Life by Lord Cockburn, 1852 1773- -1850 

Jeffreys, George. Judge. Life by Woolrych, 1827 ..... 1640?. 1689 

Jeffreys, George. Poet. '. . . 1678. . 1755 

Jeffries, John. American Physician J 744- -1819 

Jehanghir. Mogul Emperor of India (1005-27) — . . 1627 

Jehoahaz, son of Jehu, King of Israel (b. c. 856-810). . — B.c.840 
Jehoahaz, son of Josiah, King of Judah (b. c. 610). 

Shallum — aft.B.c.6io 

Jehoiachin, Jeconiah, or Coniah (b. c. 599). . . 607 or 61 7. aft. 599 b.c. 
Jehoiakim, King of Judah (b. c. 610-599). Eliakim. . . .635. 599 B.C. 
Jehorani, or Joram, son of Ahab, K. of Israel (b.c. 896-884) — B.c.884 
Jehoram, or Joram, son of Jehoshaphat, King of Judah 

(b. c. 893?-885?) 924*. 885*3.0. 

Jehoshaphat, King of Judah (b. c. 911-889 ? ) 949- .889- b.c. 

Jehu, King of Israel (b. c. 884-856) — b.c. 856 

Jejeebhoy, Sir Jamsetjee. Benefactor of Bombay 1783- • 1859 

Jekyll, Sir Joseph. Lawyer and Statesman 1664. .1738 

Jellachich de Buzim, Joseph, Baron. Ban of Croatia, 

&c. ; General 1801..1859 

Jenischius, Paul. Dutch Writ. ( Theatrum Animaruui) 1558. . 1647 
Jenkin, Robt. Nonjuror. (Reasonableness of Christ. Ret.) 1656.. 1727 

Jenkins, David. Judge 1586?. 1667 

Jenkins, Henry, of Yorkshire. Centenarian 1501 . . 1670 

Jenkins, John" Musical Composer I59 2 - • ^S 

Jenkins, Sir Leoline. Statesman. Life by Wynne, 1724 1623?. 1685 

Jenkinson, Anthony. English Traveler in Asia — . .1584 

Jenkinson, Charles, First Earl Liverpool. Statesman . . 1727. .1808 
Jenkinson, Robert Banks, Second Earl Liverpool. Pre- 
mier (1812-27) 1770. .1828 

Jenks, Benjamin. Religious Writer. [Prayers) 1646. .1724 

Jenkyns, William. Nonconformist Divine. [On Jude) 1612. .1685 

Jennens, Charles. Composer of words for Handel — --I773 

Jenner, Edward, M. D. Inventor of Vaccination. Life by 

Dr. Baron, 1827; J. C Lettsom 1749- - l82 3 

Jenner, William. English Miser 1701. .1797 

Jennings, David, D. D. Dissent. Div. (Jewish Antiquities) 1691..1762 
Jennings, Henry Constantine. Antiquary and Virtuoso. 1731. .1819 
Jenson, or Janson, Nich. Fr. Printer and Type Founder — ..1481 7 
Jenyns, Soame. Poet and Writer. L. by C.'Nalson Cole 1704. .1787 

Jephson, Robert. Dramatic Poet 1736. • 1803 

Jeremiah. Hebrew Prophet fl. 678-570 b. c. 

Jereniie, Sir John. Colonial Judge 1795 • • J 84 I 

Jerningham, Edward. Poet i7 2 7- .1812 

Jeroboam, son of Nebat, First K. of Israel (b. c. 975-953) — B.c.953 
Jeroboam, son of Joash, King of Israel (b. c. 825-784). . — B.C.7S4 
Jerome, St. Life by Erasmus, 1519 ; Stigelius, 1546 ; Si- 

guenza, 1600; Martianay, 1706; F. Z. Collombet, 1845 345?. .420 



222 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Jerome, of Prague. Reformer. Life by G. H. A. "Wagner, 

1803; Heller, 1835 1378?. 1416 

Jerram,Rev. Chas. (Inf. Baptism.) L. by.T. Jerram, 1855 1770. .1853 
Jerrold, Douglas Wm. Humorist. L. by B. Jerrold, 1859 1803. . 1857 

Jervas, Charles. Portrait Painter I 675 ? . 1739 

Jervis, Sir John, First Earl of St. Vincent. Admiral. Life 

by Captain Edward P. Brenton, 1838; Tucker, 1814. . 1734. .1823 

Jesi, Samuel. Italian Engraver *7%9- -1853 

Jessey, Henry. Ejected Nonconf. Divine and Orientalist — . .1663 

JeufTroy, R. V. French Gem and Medal Engraver *749- .1826 

Jeune, John le. French Oratorian Divine. (Sermons). . 1592. .1672 
Jewel, or Jewell, John. Bishop of Salisbury. Life by 

Dr. Humfrey, 1573; Featley, 1645; E. Bohun, 1685; 

C. W. Le Bas; Isaacson, 1823 1522. .1571 

Jewsbury, Miss Maria Jane (Mrs. Fletcher). Essayist. . — . .1833 

Jezed I. Fifth Caliph (680-83) " — . . 683 

Joachim. Prophet. Abbot of Fiore. L. by Gervaise, 1745 1130. .1202 
Joachim, George. Swiss Mathematician and Astronomer 1514. .1576 
Joachim, John Frederick. Ger. Historian and Medalist 1713. .1767 

Joan of Arc. Maid of Orleans. See Dare 1412- . 1431 

Joan. Queen of Naples. See Jane. 

Joanes, or Juanes, J. Bapt. Spanish Painter 1523. .1579 

Joanna. Queen of Naples. See Jane. 

Joanna, or Juana. Q. of Spain, wife of Archduke Philip 1479. .1555 

Joash, or Jehoash, son of Ahaziah, King of Judah (b. c. 

878-838) — B.C. 838 

Joash, or Jehoash, son of Jehoahaz, King of ferael (b. c. 

839-823) —B.C. 823 

Jobert, Louis. French Jesuit. (La Science des Medailles) 1637.. 1 719 
Jocher, Christian Theophilus, of Leipsic. (Dictionary of 

Learned Men) • '. . . 1694. .1758 

Jocundus, Francis John. See Giocondo 1450?. 1521? 

Joddrell, Richard Paul. English Writer 1745 • • T ^3 l 

Jode, Arnold de. Engraver. (Mercury instructing Cupid) 1636? . — 
Jode, Peter de, of Antwerp. Engraver. (Last Judgment) 1570. .1634 

Jode, Peter de, son. Engraver 1602 . . — 

Jodelle, Stephen. Father of the French Theater 1532. . 1573 

Joecher, or Jocher, Christian Theophilus. See Jocher. . . 1694. .1758 

Joel. Hebrew Prophet fl. B.C. 800' 

JorTredy, Geoffroi, or Jouffroy. Cardinal 1412. . 1473 

Joffrid. Abbot of Croyland. "Promoter of Learn, at Camb. fl. 12th c. 
Jogues, Isaac. Fr. Miss, among the North Amer. Indians 1607. . 1646 
Johannaeus, Finnur. Icelandic Writer. See Jonsson. . . 1704. .1789 

Johannes Secundus. See Everard. (Bnsia) 1511 . . 1536 

Johannot, Chas. Hen. Alfred. Fr. Paint. & Book Illustrat. 1800. . 1837 
Johannot, Tony, brother. Painter and Book Illustrator. 1803. .1852 

John I. Emperor of the East (969-76). Zimisces — . . 976 

John II. (1118-43.) Comnenus — .•"43 

John III. (1222-55.) Ducas 1193..1255 

John IV. (1259.) Lascaris 1253?. 1284 

John V. Cantacuzenus. Regent (1341-47); usurper 

(1347-55) f. . i 3 ii?.i 4 ii? 

John VI. Palceohgus. Under Regent (1341-47); alone 

(1353-91) . — ..i 39I 



A BRIEF BrOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 223 

BORN. DIED. 

John VH. Emperor of the East (1425-48) —..1448 

Johnl. Pope (523-26) —..526 

Jolmll. (532-35) — . 535 

John III. (560-73) — . . 573 

John IV. (640-42) — . . 642 

JohnV. (685-87) —..687 

John VI. (701-5) — .. 705 

John VII. (70.5-7) — . . 707 

John VIII. (872-82) — . . 882 

John IX. (898-900) — . . 900 

John X. (914-28) — . . 928 

John XI. (931-36) 906?. 936 

John XII. (956-63.) Octavian. Deposed 938?. 964 

John XIII. (965-72) — . . 972 

John XIV. (983-84.) Deposed ' — . . 995 

John XV. (985) bv some not reckoned — . . 985 

John XV., or XVI. (985-96) — . . 996 

John XVI., or XVII. (997-98.) Philagathus. Antipope — . . 998 

John XVH., or XVIII. (1003) —..1003 

John XVIII., or XIX. (1003-9) — . . 1009 

John XIX., or XX. (1024-33) — . . 1033 

John XX., or XXI. (1276-77) — ..1277 

John XXI., or XXII. (1316-34.) James de Ossa 1244?. 1334 

John XXU., or XXIII. (1410-15.) Balthasar Cossa. De- 
posed — . . 1419 

John. King of England. Life by William Prynne, 1670 ; 

Berington, 1790 1166. . 1216 

John I. King of France (1316) 1316. . 1316 

John II. (1350-64.) Le Bon. Life by F. T. De.Choisy, 

1388; De Monmerque, 1944 1319?. 1364 

Johnl. K. of Portugal (1385-1433). L. by Ervceira, sen. 1357. .1433 

John II. (1481-95.) The Great 1455.. 1495 

John III. (1521-57.) Life by Francis d'Andrada, 1533 1502. .1557 
John IV. (1640-56.) Duke of Braganza. The Fortunate 1604. .16^6 

JohnV. (1707-50) 16S9..1750 

John VI. (1821-26) 1769.. 1826 

John I. King of Castile and Leon (1379-90) 1 358 . . 1 390 

JohnH. (1406-54) 1405. .1454 

John I. King of Aragon (1387-95) 1 3$o. .1395 

John H. (1458-79.) King of Navarre (1425-79) 1397. . 1479 

John I. King of Navarre = John II. of France 1319?. 1364 

John H. (1425-79) = John II. of Aragon (1458-79) 1397. .1479 

JohnHI. (1494-1516) — ..1516 

John. King of Bohemia (1310-46). Fell at Crecy 1295?. 1346 

Johnl. King of Poland (1492-1501) 1459.. 1501 

John II. (1648-68.) Casinur (or Casimir V.) 1609. . 1672 

John III. (1674-96.) Sobieski 1629. . 1696- 

John I. King of Sweden (1216-22) — 1222 or 3 

John II. (1497-1513) and I. of Denmark (1481-1513) . . 1455. .1513 

John III. (1568-92) 1537.. 1592 

John. Emperor of Russia. See Ivan. 

John I. King of Denmark (1481-1513). King of Sweden 

(1497-1513) 1455 . -1513 

John I. Duke of Brittany (1237-86) 1217. . 12S6 



224 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

John H. Duke of Britany (1286-1304) 1239.. 1304 

John III. (1312-41.) The Good 1286. . 1341 

John, Ct. of Montfort, reckoned by some IV. of Brittany. — . .1345 

John IV., or V. (1364-99.) The Valiant 1338. .1399 

John V., or VI. (1399-1442.) The Good and the Wise . 1389. . 1442 

John, Duke of Burgundy. Sans Peur 1371 . . 1419 

John of Austria, Don. Governor of the Netherlands . . . 1545 . . 1578 
John of Beverly. Bishop of Hexham and of York .... — . . 722 

John of Bologna. French Sculptor T-5 2 A- • J 6o8 

John of Bruges, or John Van Eyck. Painter 1370. 1441 

John of Cappadocia. Patriarch of Constantinople. Writ. — .. 596? 

John of the Cross, St. Spanish Ascetic Divine !54 2 - • 1591 

John of Damascus, St. Ecclesiastical Writer — . . 756? 

John of Gaunt, or Ghent. Duke of Lancaster, son of 

Edward III 1340. . 1399 

John of Hexham. Johannes Hagustaldensis. Chronicler fl. 1170 

John of Leyden, or John Boccold. Fanatic 1510?. 1536 

John of Paris. Theol. (De Rer/ia Potestate et Papali) — . .1304 

John of Bagusa. Orientalist and Theologian fl. 15th c. 

John of Salisbury. Bishop of Chartres 11 10. .1180 

John of Udino. Italian Painter 1494- • *564 

John the Baptist, St. Forerunner of Christ B.C. 5 . a.d. 28? 

John the Evangelist, St. Apostle — ab. 100 

John the Scholastic, (iwayuiwr) Kavoviov) — .. 578 

Johnes, Thomas. Translator of Froissart 1748 . . 1816 

Johnson, Charles. Dramatic Writer 1679. .1748 

Johnson, Edward. Historian of New England 1600?. 1672 

Johnson, Miss Hester. Stella. Friend of Swift 1684. .1727 

Johnson, Rev. John. Nonjuring Divine. ( The Unbloody 

Sacrifice.) Life by Dr. Brett 1662. .1725 

Johnson, Martin. Landscape Painter — . . 1685? 

Johnson, Maurice. Antiquary 1687. .1755 

Johnson, Rd., of Nottingham. (Grammat. Commentaries) — ..1721 
Johnson, Richard Mentor. Vice-President of the U. S.. 1780. .1850 
Johnson, Rev. Samuel. Prot. Controv. and Polit. Writer 1649. .1703 
Johnson, Samuel, r>. d. American Educator and Writer 1696. .1772 
Johnson, Sam. Dramatist & Humorist. (Uurlothrumbo) 1705'. 1773 
Johnson, Samuel, ll. d. Essayist, Poet, and Lexicogra- 
pher. Life by Boswell ; Thos. Tyers ; Sir J. H. Haw- 
kins, 1787 ; Dr. Robert Anderson, 1795 ; J. F. Russell, 

1847 ; Thomas Carlyle, 1853 1709. . 1784 

Johnson, Thomas. Botanist. Editor of Gerard's Herbal 1561 . . 1644 
Johnson, Thomas, of Eton and Brentford. Class. Editor 1675?. 1750? 

Johnson, W. A. B. African Missionary 1787 . . 1823 

Johnson, Walter Rogers. American Physicist J 794> .1852 

Johnson, Sir William. Superintendent-General of Indian 

Affairs in North America 1715 . .1774 

Johnson, William. American Jurist 1771 . -1834 

Johnston, Albert Sydney. Amer. " Confederate " General 1803. . 1862 
Johnston, or Jonston, Arthur. Physician and Latin Poet. 

Translator of the Psalms 1587. . 1641 

Johnston, Charles. Writer. (Chrysal) — ..i8oo ? 

Johnston, Gabriel. Colonial Governor of South Carolina — . . 1752 
Johnston, George. Naturalist 1789. . 1855 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 225 

BORN. DIED. 

Johnston, James F. W. Scottish Chemist and Agricult. 

Writer. Prof, at Durham. (Chemistry of Common Life) 1796.. 1853 

Johnston, John. Naturalist 1603. .1675 

Johnstone, Archibald, of Warriston. Presbyt. Leader.. — ..1663 
Johnstone, Dr. Bryce. Scot. Div. ( On the Revelation) 1747. .1805 
Johnstone, Chevalier de. Jacobite. (Memoirs of the Re- 
bellion of 1745-46) 1720. . i8oo ? 

Johnstone, George, m.p. Captain r. n. ( Our Acquisi- 
tions in the East Indies) — . .1787 

Johnstone, James, M. r>., of Worcester. Medical and 

Physiological Writer. L. by Hen. Jas. Johnstone. 1846 1730. . 1802 
Johnstone, John, m. d., of Birmingham. Medical Writ- 
er. Biographer of Parr 1768. . 1836 

Johnstone, John Henry. Comic Actor and Vocalist. . . . 1750. .1828 
Joinville, John, Sieur de. Statesm. (Hist, of Louis IX.) 1223 or 4. 1319? 
Jolivet, John Baptist Moyse, Count de. Statistical Writer 1754. . 1818 
Jolliet, or Joliet, Louis. * One of the Discoverers of the 

Mississippi River — ab.1730 

Joly, Claude. French Political Writer. (Maxims for 

Education of a Princ-e) 1607 . .1700 

Joly, Francis Anthony. French Comic Writer 1672. .1753 

Joly, Guy. (Historical Memoirs) fl. 1665 ■ 

Joly, Mary Elizabeth. French Actress 1761 . .1798 

Jomard, M. French Geographer i776 ? . 1862 

Jomelli, Nicholas. Italian Musical Composer 1714- 1774 

Jonah. Hebrew Prophet fl. B.C. 862 

Jonas, Arngrim. Historian and Antiquary of Iceland. . . 1568. . 1648 

Jonas, Justus. German Protestant Reformer 1493- • x 555 

Jones, Anson. Last President of Texas 1798. . 1858 

Jones, David. Welsh Poet and Collector of Welsh MSS. — . .1785? 

Jones, Edward. Welsh Musician 1751?. 1821 

Jones, Rev. Griffith. Welsh Philanthropist 1684. .1761 

Jones, Griffith. Writer of Juvenile Books and Journalist 1721 . .1786 

Jones, Henry. Dramatic Poet. (Earl of Essex) 1 720 ? . 1770 

Jones, Inigo. Architect. Life by Peter Cunningham. . . 1572?. 1652 

Jones, Jacob. American Naval Officer 1770. . 1850 

Jones, James Chamberlain. American Statesman 1809. . 1859 

Jones, Jeremiah. Dissent. Div. (Canon. Authority of N.T.) 1693.. 1724 

Jones, John. Medical Writer — aft.1579 

Jones, John. Eng. Benedictine in Spain. Biblical Writer 1575 . .1636 
Jones, John, ll. d. Unitarian Minister and Philologist 1765?. 1827 

Jones, John Edward. Sculptor iSo6 ? . 1S62 

Jones, John Gale. Political Orator 1771- -1838 

Jones, John Paul. Naval Adventurer. Life by A. S.Mac- 
kenzie, 1841; W. G. Simms, 1845 1747.. 1792 

Jones, Leslie Grove, Colonel. Political Writer 1779- • 1839 

Jones, Noble Wimberly. American Physician and Patriot 1725.. 1805 

Jones, Owen. Welsh Antiquary i74°- • J 8i4 

Jones, Rice. Welsh Poet. ( Welsh Anthology). 1716. .1801 

Jones, Richard. Welsh Divine. (Gemma Cambricum). . . — ..1652? 
Jones, William, father of Sir William. Mathematician. . 1680. .1749 
Jones, Sir Wm. Orient. Life by Lord Teignmouth, 1804 1746. .1794 
Jones, Rev. William, of Nayland. Hutchinsonian Divine. 

( Catholic Doctrine of the Trinity.) Life by Wm. Stevens 1726. . 1800 
15 



226 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Jong, Ludolph de. Dutch Painter 1616. . 1697 

Jonin, Gilbert. French Jesuit and Poet 1596. . 1638 

Jonsius, John. {De Scriptoribus Historic, Philosophic) . . . 1624 . . 1659 
Jonson, Ben. Poet. L. byGifford; Barry Cornwall, 1838 1574. .1637 

Jonsson, Finnur. (Historia Ecclesiastica Islandiee) 1704. .1789 

Jonston, Arthur. Scottish Latin Poet 1587. . 1641 

Jonston, John. Polish Writer. {Nat. Hist, of Animals) . . 1603. .1675 
Jordaens, Jacob. Flemish Hist, and Portrait Painter . . . 1594. .1678 
Jordan, Camille. French Religious and Political Writer 1771. .1821 
Jordan, Chas. Stephen. Prus. Writer. {Literary Travels) 1700.. 1745 

Jordan, Mrs. Dorothea. Dorothy Bland. Actress 1762?. 1816 

Jordan, John Christopher. Chronologist and Antiquary — ..1740 

Jordano, Luca. Neapolitan Painter 1632. .1705 

Jordano Bruno. See Bruno 1550.. 1600 

Jorden, Edward, M. d. Medical Writer 1569. .1632 

Jorgenson, Jorgen. Danish Adventurer. Eng. Writer . 1779 . aft.1825 

Jornandes, or Jordanes. Gothic Historian 6th c. 

Jortin, John, d. d. Life by Dr. J. Disney, 1792 1698. . 1770 

Joseph. Jewish Patriarch 1745 • I &35 B,c * 

Joseph I. Emperor of German v ( 1705-1 1 ) 1678.. 1 711 

Joseph II. (1765-90.) Life by L. A. de Caraccioli, 1790; 

C. Paganel, 1843 1741 . .1790 

Joseph Emanuel. King of Portugal (1750-77) 1714- • 1777 

Joseph Meir. French Rabbi. Historical Writer 1496.. 1554 

Joseph of Exeter. Latin Poet. {Antiocheis) ti. Rd. I. & John 

Joseph of Paris. Francis Leclerc du Tremblay 1577 . . 1638 

Josephine. Empress of France, first wife of Napoleon. 

Life by Bornschein, 1803 ; Regnault-Warin, 1819 ; M. 

A. Le Normand, 1820; Ducrest, 1830; Avrillon, 1831; 

Garriga y Baucis, 1836; Dibelius, 1845 ^63. .1814 

Josephus, Flavius. Jewish Historian. Life by Tilmann, 

1548; J. F. Eckhard, 1785..... 38?. 100? 

Joshua. Leader of Israelites ; Successor of Moses, .ab.1537-1427 b.c. 

Josiah. King of Judah (b. c. 641-610.) 648.610 B.C. 

Josika. Micklos, Baron. Hung. Politician and Novelist 1796. .1865 
Josquin Desprez. Jodocus Pratensis. Mus. Composer. . 1450?. — 

Jost, Isaac Mark. Jewish Scholar of Germany I 793- • !862 

Jotham. King of Judah (b. c. 758-742) 783 . 742 b.c. 

Joubert, Bartholomew Catherine. Fr. Republican Gen. . . 1 769 . . 1 799 

Joubert, Francis, of Montpellier. Jansenist Divine 1689. .1763 

Joubert, Lawrence. French Medical Writer *5 2 9- • 1583 

Jouffroy, Claude Francis Dorothea, Marquis de. Steam 

Mechanician 1751?. 1832 

Jouffroy, John de. Joffredus. Cardinal 1412. .1473 

Jouffroy, Theodore Simon. French Philosophical Writer 1796. .1842 
Jourdain, Amable Louis Mary Michael Brechillet. 

French Orientalist 1788. . 1818 

Jourdan, John Baptist, Count. Marshal of France 1762. .1833 

Journet, Frances. French Actress — . .1722 

Jousse, Daniel. French Lawyer 1704- .1781 

Jouvenci, Joseph de. Jesuit. French Writer ^43 . .1719 

Jouvenet, John. French Painter 1644. .1717 

Jouy, Victor Joseph Stephen de. French Writer 1674?. 1846 

Jovellanos, Gaspar Melchior de. Span. Writer and Polit. 1749. . 1811 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 227 

BORN. DIED. 

Jovian. Emperor (363-64). Life by Schenkel, 1617; La 

Bletterie, 1748 332 . . 364 

Jovinian, of Milan. Monk and Writer — aft. 412 

Jovius, or Giovio, Paul. Italian Historian 1483. . 1552 

Jowett, Rev. Win. Missionary. {Christian Researches) 1787? .1855 

Joy, Henry. Irish Judge 1 767 . . 1838 

Joy, Joye, or Gee, John. Reformer i49 2? - 1553 

Joyce, Jeremiah. Compiler. {Scientific Dialogues) 1764.. 1816 

Joyeuse, Anne, Duke de. Admiral of France 1561 . .1587 

Joyeuse, Francis de. Cardinal, Statesman. Life bv Au- 

bery, 1654 1562. .1615 

Joyner, William, or Lyde. Writer 1622. . 1706 

Juan. King of Aragon. See John. 

Juan y Santicilia, George. Sp. Math, and Naval Officer 1712. .1774 

Juana. Queen of Spain, wife of Archduke Philip *479- • 1555 

Juanes, John Baptist. Spanish Painter I 5 2 3- • I 579 

Juba I. King of Numidia; defeated at Thapsus — B.C. 46 

Juba II., son. King of Mauritania & Numidia. Writer — a.d. 19? 

Juda, Leo. German Protestant Reformer 1482. .1542 

Judah Chiug. Jewish Rabbi. Phys. and Grammarian fl. 1040 

Judah Hakkadosh. Compiler of the Mishna 123. . 190 

Judas Levita, or Ha-Levi. Rabbi. Poet, Gram., Philos. io8o ? .ii4o 

Judas Maccabaeus. Jewish Patriot (b. o. 166-160) — B.C. 160 

Judd, Sylvester. American Clergyman and Author 1813. . 1853 

Jude, St. Thaddeus or Lebbeus. Apostle 1st c. 

Judson, Adoniram, D. v>. American Missionary to Bur- 
mah. Life bv Mrs. H. C. Conant, 1856; Clements; 

Gillette; Wayland 1788.. 1850 

Judson, Mrs. Anne Hasseltine, wife. (Hist. Burm. Miss.) 1789. . 1826 
Judson, Sarah Hall, (Mrs. Boardman,) second wife. Life 

by Mrs. E. C. Judson, 1850 ' 1803. . 1845 

Judson, Mrs. Emily Chubbuck, third wife. Fanny For- 
ester. {Life of Mrs. Sarah B. Judson, 1850; Alder- 
brook) 1817. .1854 

Juel, Nicholas. Danish Admiral 1629. . 1697 

Juglaris, Louis. Italian Jesuit and Panegyrist 1607. . 1653 

Jugurtha. King of Numidia — B.C. 104 

Juigne Broissiniere, Seig. de Moliere. (Diclionnaire) fl. 1647 

Julia. Daughter of Caesar, wife of Pompey 83? . 54 b.c 

Julia. Daughter of Augustus, wife of Marcellus, Agrippa, 

Tiberius b. 0.39?. a.d. 14 

Julia, daughter. Wife of .^Emilius Paulus — . . 28 

Julia. Daughter of Germanicus and Agrippina 18. aft. 41 

Julia. Daughter of Drusus & Livia. niece of Germanicus — . . 59 

Julia Domna. Wife of Septimius Severus 158?. 217 

Julian. Emp. (361-63). Apostate. L. by Neander; Thos. 
Long; La Bletterie, 1735, translated by Anna Williams, 
1746; Desvoeux, 1746 : Joudot. 1817; Koerner, 1830.. 331.. 363 
Julian, St. Archbp. of Toledo. Writer against the Jews — . . 690 
Julien, Peter. French Sculptor. (Dying Gladiator) ... . 1 731.. 1804 

Julien, Simon. Swiss Painter 1736. .1799 

Julius I. Pope (337-52). Saint — . . 352 

Julius II. (1503-13.) Julian della Rovere 1441..1513 

Julius III. (1550-55.) John Maria del Monte 14S7. • 1555 



228 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Jullien, Camille. Musician 1812..1860 

Jullien, Louis George. Fr. Comp. and Director of Music 1812. .i860 

Juncker, Christian. German Medalist and Writer 1663. .1714 

Juncker, Theodore John. German Medical Writer 1680. .1759 

Junctin, or Giuntini, Francis, of Florence. Mathem... . 1522.. 1590 
Jung- Stilling. ( John Henry Jung. ) Ger. Mystic Author 1 740 . . 1 8 1 7 
Junge, or Jungius, Joachim* of Hamburg. Philosopher. 

(Jsagoge Phytoscopica) 1587. . 1657 

Jungermann, Louis. German Botanist and Naturalist. . 1572.. 1653 
Jungmann, Jos. Jacob. Bohemian Lexicog. and Bibliog. 1773. . 1847 

Junius, Adrian. Dutch Physician and Scholar 1512. .1575 

Junius, or Du Jon, Francis. French Protestant. Trans- 
lator of the Bible into Latin * 1545 . . 1602 

Junius, Francis, son. Saxonist in Eng. L. by Graevius 1589. .1677 
Junot, Andoche, Duke of Abrantes. Marshal of France 1771..1813 

Junta, Philip. Printer at Geneva 1450.. 1519 

Junta, Thomas. Venetian Phys. ( Battles of the Ancients) fl. 1554 

Juret, Francis. French Critic and Poet 1553. . 1626 

Jurieu, Peter. French Protestant Polemical Divine 1637. .1713 

Jurin, James. Physician and Mathematician 1684. .1750 

Jussieu, Adrian de. Botanist *797- • 1853 

Jussieu, Anthony de. Botanist and Physician 1686. .1758 

Jussieu, Anthony Lawrence de. (Genera Plantarum) . . . 1748. .1836 
Jussieu, Bernard de. Botanist and Physician. (Plants in 

Environs of Paris) 1699 . . 1 77 7 

Jussieu, Joseph de. Naturalist, Phys., Engin., Traveler 1704. .1779 

Just, John. Philologist and Natural Philosopher 1797?. 1852 

Justel, Christopher. Eccles. Antiquary and Canonist. . . . 1580. .1649 
Justel, Henry, ll. d., son. Royal Librarian in England 1620.. 1693 
Justi, John Henry Theophilus. German Mineralogist. . . 1705?. 1771 

Justin.* Latin Historian *. not aft.5th c. 

Justin I. Emperor of East (518-27) 45°.. 527 

Justin H. (565-74) — . . 578 

Justin Martyr. Christian Writer io3 ? . 167? 

Justinian I. (527-65.) Great. Life by Gilles Pen-in, 
1576; Corvinus de Beldern, 1618; Guinet, 1628; Rango, 

1661 ; Ludewig, 1731 ; Invernizzi, 1743 483 . . 565 

Justinian H. (685-711) 669. . 711 

Justiniani, Augustin. Orientalist. (Annals of Genoa). . 1470. .1536 

Justiniani, Bernard. (History of Venice) 1408. . 1489 

Justiniani, Fabian. (Index Materiarum Biblicarum). . . 1578. .1627 
Justiniani, Lawrence. Saint. Patriarch of Venice. De- 
votional AVriter. Life by B. Justiniani 1380. . 1465 

Justus. Archbishop of Canterbury (624-27) — . . 627 

Justus, of Padua. Painter fl. 1367 

Juvara, or Ivara, Philip. Sicilian Architect 1685 . . 1735 

Juvenal. Roman Satirist fl. 83-100 

Juvenal des Ursins. Archbishop of Rheims. Historian 1388. .1473 
Juvencus, Caius Vettius Aquilinus. Christian Latin 

Poet. (Historia Evangelica) fl. 332? 

Juxon, William. Archbishop of Canterbury (1660-63). . 1582. .1663 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 229 



K. 

BORN. DIED. 

Kaab. Arabian Poet — . . 662 

Kaas, Nicholas. Danish Statesman 1535 . .1594 

Kabbete, John. Dutch Painter — . . 1660 

Kaempfer, or Kampfer, Engelbrecht. Ger. Bot. and Trav. 1651 . .1716 
Kaestner, or Kiistner, Abraham Gotthelf. Mathematician 

and Poet. {History of Mathematics) I7 J 9- • I ^oo 

Kahler, John. German Theologian and Philosopher .... 1649. .1727 

Kain, Henry Louis le. French Actor 1728. .1778 

Kalb, John, Baron de. German General in America i73 2? - I 7^o 

Kaldi, George. Hung. Jesuit. Preacher & Trausl. of Bible 1572. . 1634 

Kale, or Kalf, William. Dutch Painter 1630. . 1693 

Kalgreen, or Kellgren, John Henry. Swedish Poet 1751 . .1795 

Kalidasa. Indian Poet. (Sakontala) fl. ab. 1st c. B.C. 

Kalide. German Sculptor. (Boy with Swan) — . . 1863 

Kalkbrenner, Christian F. Prussian Pianist and Comp. 1755. .1806 
Kalm, Peter. Swedish Traveler and Natural Philosopher 1715. .1779 

Kalraat, Bernard van, of Dort. Painter 1650. .1721 

Kalubko, Vincent. Polish Historian — . .1223 

Kamehameha TIT. King of the Sandwich Islands 1817. .1854 

Karnes, Henry Home, Lord. Scottish Judge and Writer. 

Life by Lord Woodhouselee, 1807 1696. .1782 

Kampen, Jacob van. Dutch Painter 1658. . — 

Kampen, Nicholas Godfrey van. Dutch Historian 1776. .1839 

Kampfer, Engelbrecht. See Kaempfer 165 1 . .1716 

Kandler, John Joachim. Modeler in Porcelain 1706. .1776 

Kane, Dr. Elisha Kent. American Arctic Explorer. Life 

by Smucker; Dr. Elder, 1857 1820. .1857 

Kanold, John. German Writer 1679?. 1729 

Kant, Immanuel. Philosopher. Life bv Borowski, 1804; 
Jachmann, 1804; Wasianski, 1804: Wald, 1804; Bou- 
tenvek,1804; Rinck, 1805; Schubert, 1842; Saintes, 1844 1724. .1804 
Kantemir, A. D., Prince. Russ. Diplomatist and Writer 1708. .1774 
Karamsin, Nicholas Michaelovitch. Russian Writer. . . . 1765 . . 1826 
Karnkowsky, Stanislaus. Polish Writer and Statesman 1525. .1603 

Karpinsky, Francis. Polish Poet 1760?. 1823 

Kastner, Abraham Gotthelfi See Kaestner 1719- .1800 

Kastner, Charles William Gottlob. German Naturalist 1783.. 1857 

Kater, Captain Henry. Mathematician 1777 . . 1835 

Katona, Stephen. {History of Hungary) 1732. .1811 

Kauffmann, Maria Anna Angelica. Swiss Painter 1741- .1807 

Kaunitz, Wenzel Anthony, Prince of. Austrian Statesman 1711. .1794 

Kay, William. Poet and Historical Painter 1520. .1568 

Kaye, or Cains, John. Founder of Caius College 1510. .1573 

Kaye, John. Bishop of Lincoln 1783. .1853 

Kazinczy, Francis. Hungarian Writer 1759. . 1831 

Keach, P>enj. Bapt. Writer. ( Treat, of True Godliness) 1640. .1704 

Kean, Edmund. Tragedian. Life by Procter, 1835 1787?. 1833 

Keane, John, Lord. General; Capturer of Ghuznee 17S1. .1844 

Kearny, Philip. American General 1S15 . . 1S62 

Kearny, Stephen Watts. American General 1 794. . 1848 



230 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 



Keate, George. Poet and Miscellaneous "Writer 1729 

Keating, Geoffrey. Irish Historical Writer - 

Keats, John. Poet. (Endymion.) Life by M. Milnes, 1845 1796 

Keble, Joseph. Writer on Law 1632 

Keckerman, Bartholomew, of Dantzic. Teacher & Writer 1573 

Keilnau, Balthazar. Mathias. Norwegian Geologist 1797 

Keill, James, M. d. Physician 1673 

Keill, John, M. d., brother. Mathematician & Nat. Philos. 1671 

Keim, Francis Xavier. German Architect 1769 

Keiser, Reinhard. Mus. Comp., Poet. Writ., Hist. Writer 1673 
Keith, Geo., 5th E. Marischal. Founder of Marischal Coll. — 
Keith, George, Tenth Earl Marischal. Scottish Jacobite, 

Prussian Diplomatist 1693 

Keith, George Keith Elphinstone, Viscount. Admiral. . . 1746 
Keith, James. Scottish Jacobite and Prussian General. . 1696 
Keith, Sir Robert Murray. Life by Mrs. G. Smyth, 1840 — 
Keith, Thomas. Mathematician. (Use of the Globes). .. . 1759 
Keller, .la 1 ncs. German Statesman. (Mysteria Politico) 1568 

Keller, John Balthasar. Swiss Founder in Brass 1638 

Kellermann, Francis Christopher, Duke of Valmy. Mar- 
shal of France. Life by Botidoux, 1817 1735 

Kellermann, Francis Stephen, son. General. (Memoires) 1770 
Kelley, or Talbot. Edward. Necromancer and Alchemist ; 

Friend of Dee 1555 

Kellgren, John Henry. Swedish Poet 1 75 1 

Kellison, Matthew. Roni. Catholic Controversial Divine 1560 

Kelly, Hugh. Irish Dramatic Poet 1739 

Kelly, Rev. John, ll. d. Celtic Scholar 1750 

Kelly, Michael. Musical Composer j 762 

Kelly, Thomas. Roman Catholic Primate of all Ireland — 

Kelway, Joseph. Organist in London — 

Kemble, Charles, brother of John Philip. Actor 1775 

Kemble, George Stephen, brother. Actor 1758 

Kemble, John Mitchell, son of Charles. Saxonist 1807 

Kemble, John Philip. Actor. Life by J. Boaden, 1825. 1757 

Kemble, Mrs. Prise ilia, wife. Actress 1755 

Kemp, George Mickle. Scottish Architect 1794 

Kemp, James, r>. r>. Bp. of Prot. Episc. Ch. in Maryland 1764 
Kemp, John, Cardinal Archbp. of Canterbury. Ld. Chanc. 1380 

Kemp, Joseph. Musical Composer 1778 

Kempelen, Wolfgang, Baron. Hung. Mechan. and "Writer 1734 

Kemper, Reuben. American Soldier — 

Kempis, Thomas a. Life bv Brewer, 1676 ; Zuniga, 1762 ; 

Cesarini, 1835; Chas. Butler; Baehring, 1849 1380 

Ken, Thomas. Bp. of Bath & Wells. L. bv W. Hawkins, 

1713; Canon W. L. Bowles, 1830; A Layman. 1854. . 1637 

Kendal, George. Ejected Nonconformist Divine — 

Kendrick, Nath., d. p. Amer. Divine. L. by S. W. Adams 1777 
Kenmure, Wm. Gordon, Yisct. Scottish Jacobite; beh. . 1643 

Kennaway, Sir John. Officer and Diplomatist 1758 

Kennedy, Miss Grace. "Writer. (Father Clement)..^... 1782 
Kennedy, James. Bishop of St. Andrew's. Statesman. 1405 
Kennedy, John, m. d. Scottish Medalist and Collector. . — 
Kennedy, Rev. John. Mathem. (Scripture Chronology) 1700 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 231 

BORN. DIED. 

Kennedy, William. Antiquary. (Annals of Aberdeen) . 1759.. 1836 
Kennet, Basil, d.d. Class. & Theol. Writ. (Roman Aniiq.) 1674.. 1715 
Kennet, White. Bp. of Peterb. Hist. Lite by Newton 1660. .1728 

Kenneth I. King of Scotland (604-5) — . . 605 

Kenneth II. (823-54) —..854 

Kenneth III. (009-94) — .. 994 

Kenney, James. Dramatist i77o ? 1849 

Kennicott, Benjamin, d. d. Biblical Critic 1718. .1783 

Kenrick, Francis Patrick, d.d. Amer. Rom. Cath. Abp. 1797. .1863 

Kenrick, William. Miscellaneous Writer 1720?. 1779 

Kent, Edw. Aug., Dk. of; son of Geo. III. L. by Neale,1850 1767. .1820 

Kent, James. Musical Composer 1700. .1776 

Kent, James. Amer. Jurist. ( Comment, on Amer. Law) 1763. .1847 

Kent, John de. Schoolman fl. 1248 

Kent, Marie Louise Victoria, Duchess of 1786. . 1861 

Kent, Wm. Paint., Architect, Sculpt., Landsc. Gardener 1684. .1748 

Kenton, Simon. American Pioneer 1755 . . 1836 

Kenyon, John. English Poet 1783?. 1856 

Kenyon, Lloyd, Lord. Judge. Life by Lord Campbell 1733. .1802 
Kepler, John. Astronomer. Life by Breitschwert, 1831; 

Sir David Brewster, 1841 ; Reuschle, 1841 15 71 . . 1630 

Keppel, Augustus, Yisct. Admiral. L. by T. Keppel, 1842 1 725 . . 1 786 

Ker, John, of Kersland. Scottish Philologist fl. 1726 

Keratry, Auguste Hilarion de. Fr. Author & Statesman 1769. .1859 

Kerckchove, Joseph van den, of Bruges. Painter 1669. .1724 

Kerckherdere, John Gerard. Dutch Historian & Theol. 1678?. 1738 

Kerckring, Theodore. Dutch Physician — . .1693 

Kerguelen Tremarec, Yves Joseph de. Fr. Navigator 1745. .1797 
Kerhallet, Chas. Philip de. Fr. Hydrograph. & Meteorol. 1S09. . 1S63 
Keri, Francis Borgia. Hung. Historian and Astronomer — -.1769 

Keroual, Louisa Penhoet, Duchess of Portsmouth i652 ? 1734 

Kerr, Robt. Historian. ( Collection of Voyayes and Trav.) 1750?. 1814 
Kersaint, Armand Guy Simon, Ct. of. French Politician 1741?. 1793 
Kersey, John. Math, and PhiLol. (Elements of Algebra) i6i6 ? .i69o ? 
Kervillars, John Mary de. Fr. Jesuit. Transl. of Ovid 1668. .1745 

Kessel, John van. Dutch Painter 1626. . 170S 

Ketel, Cornelius. Dutch Painter 1548. • 1602 

Kett, R^ev. Henry. Divine 1761. .1825 

Kett, William, of Norfolk. Rebel Leader — . .1549 

Kettlewell, John. Nonj. L. by Hickes and Nelson, 1718 1653. .1695 

Keulen, Janssen van. Dutch Portrait Painter — . . 1665 

Keulen, Ludolph van. Dutch Geometer — . .1610 

Key, Francis Scott. American Lawyer and Song Writer. 

( Star-Spangled Banner) ." 1779. .1843 

Keysler, John I reorge, v. k. s. Ger. Traveler and Antiq. 1683. .1743 

Khaled. Moslem General 5 82 - ■ 6 4 2? 

Khalekan. Arabian Biographer. (Deaths of IUust. Men) 1230?. 1303? 

Khemnitzer, Ivan Ivanovitch. Russian Fabulist I 744- - l 7^4- 

Kheraskoff, Michael. Russian Poet (Eosstad) 1733.. 1S07 

Khilkof, Andrew Jacob. Prince. Russ. Statesm. and Hist. — ..1718 

Khosru I., or ( Ihosroes. King of Persia (531-79) — . . 579 

Khosru II. (590-628) — • • 628 

Kick, Cornelius, of Amsterdam. Painter 1635 . . 1675 

Kidd, Dr. John. Prof, of Chem. (Eridgewater Treatise) 1775. .1S51 



232 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Kidd, "William. American Pirate — . .1701 



Kidder, Richard. Bishop of Bath and Wells 1635 

Kien Long, or Khihan Loung. Emp. of China (1735-96) 1711 
Kierings, Alexander, of Utrecht. Landscape Painter . . . 1590 

Kiesewetter, Christopher Godfrev. Violinist 1777 

Kiffin, William. Life by Orme, i822. 1616 

Kilbourne, James. American Pioneer 1770 

Kilburne, Richard. ( Topographie of Kent) 1606 

Kilbye, Rd., of Derby. (Burthen of a Loaden Conscience) — 
Kilbye, Rd. Rector of Lincoln Coll. Translator of Bible — 
Kilham, Alex. Founder of New Methodist Connection — 

Kilian, Bartholomew. Engraver 1630 

Xili an, Luke, of Augsburg. Engraver 1579 

Kilian, Philip Andrew. Engraver 1714 

Kilian, Wolttgang. Engraver 1 581 

Killigrew, Ann. Maid of Honor. Painter and Poet . . . 1660 

Killigrew, Catherine. Scholar and Poet 1530 

Killigrew, Henry. Prebendary. Royalist, Dramatist . . 1612 
Killigrew, Margaret, Duchess of Newcastle. Writer .... 1624 
Killigrew, Thomas. King Charles's Jester. Dramatist.. 1611 

Killigrew, Sir William. Royalist and Writer 1605 

Kilmarnock, Wm. Boyd. 4th E. of. Scot. Jacobite; beh. 1702 

Kilvert, Rev. Francis. English Scholar and Author 1793 

Kilwarden, Arthur Wolfe. Lord. Irish Chief Justice — 

Kimber, Edw. Peerage Compiler. (Hist. Eng. 10 vols.) — 
Kimber, Isaac. Dissent. Minister. (Hist. Eng. 4 vols.) 1692 
Kimchi, or Kimhi. David. Rabbi. Biblical Commentator — 

Kinaston, Sir Francis. Scholar 1587 

King, Charles. Composer of Church Services — 

King, Daniel. ( The Vale Royal of England) fl. 

King, Edward. Poet; Subject of Milton's Lycidas 1610 

King, Edward. Antiquary. ( Munimenta Antiqua) 1736 

King, Gregory. Heraldic and Commercial Writer 1648 

King, Henry. Rishop of Chichester. Poet and Writer. . 1591 

King, John. Bishop of London. Preacher 1559 

King, John. Public Orator of Oxford — 

King, John, d. d.. of Chelsea. Controversial Divine. ( To- 

lando Psevdologo-Mastix) 1652 

King, John Glen, d. d. Writer and Antiquary 1735 

King, Peter, First Lord. Lord Chancellor and Theologian 1669 

King, Peter, Seventh Lord. Biographer of Locke 1775 

King, Philip Barker. Admiral 1 793 

King, Rufus. American Statesman and Diplomatist .... 1755 

King, Thomas. Actor and Dramatic Writer 1 730 

King, Thomas Starr. American Clergyman and Writer 1824 
King, William, ll. d Mythol., Poet., and Polit. Writer. 1663 
King, Wm. Abp. of Dublin. Metaphys. (De Orig. Mali) 1650 
King, William, ll. d.. of Oxford. (Anecdotes of his own 

Times.) Life by Nichols, 1770 1685 

King, Wm. Rufus." Statesman. Vice-President of U. S. 1786 
Kingsborough, Edward King, Visct. (Antiq. of Mexico) 1795 

Kingsley, James Luce, ll. r>. American Scholar 1778 

Kingsmill, Andrew. Puritan Divine 1538 

Kingston, Eliz. Chudleigh, Duchess of. Life, Lond. 1789 1720 



703 

799 

646 

827 

701 

850 

678 

617 

620 

798 

696 

637 

759 

662 

685 

600 ? 

690? 

674 

682' 

693 
746 
863 
803 
769 

758 
240 
642? 

745 

660 

637 
807 
712 
669 
621 
639 

1732 
[787 

[ 734 
i833 
1855 
[827 
[805 
[864 
[712 
[729 

[763 
'853 
1837 
[852 
r 5 6 9 
[788 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 233 



BORN. DIED. 



Kippingius, Henry. German Scholar 1623?. 1678 

Kippis, Andrew. Editor of Biographic/, Britannica 1725 . .1795 

Kirby, John Joshua. Artist 1716. .1774 

Kirby, Rev. Wm. Entomologist. Life by Freeman, 1852 1759. . 
Kirch, Christian Frederick, son of Godfrey. Astronomer. 1694.. 

Kirch, Godfrey. German Astronomer 1639 . . 

Kirch, Mary Margaret, wife. Astronomer 1670. . 

Kircher, Athanasius. Mathem. {Mundus Subterraneus) 1602.. 
Kircher, Conrad. ( Concordantia Veteris Testament*) ... . — aft. 
Kirchmann, John. Antiq. {De Funeribus llomanvrum) 1575.. 

Kirchmarm. Russian Electrician — 

Kirchmayer, Geo. Gaspar. Ger. Classical Commentator 1635. . 

Kirckman, John. Harpischord Maker — 

Kirkaldy, Sir William, of Grange. Soldier. Life, by J. 

Grant, 1841 — 

Kirke, Percy. Colonel of Kirke's Lambs. . . .\ti. Jas. II. & Wm. 

Kirke "White, Henry. See White 1785 . . 

Kirkland, Caroline Matilda, nee Stanbury. American 

Authoress 1801 . . 

Kirkland, John Thornton, D. D. American Clergyman 

and Scholar; President of Harvard College i/7°- • 

Kirkland, Thos., m.d., of Ashby-de-la-Zouch. Med. Writ. 1721 . . 

Kirkpatrick, William James. Orientalist 1760. . 

Kirkton, Rev. James. ( Church History of Scotland) . ... — 
Bamberger, John Philip. German Musical Composer . . 1721 . . 

Kirstenius, George, of Stettin. Medical Writer 1613. . 

Kirstenius, Peter. Swedish Orientalist 1577. . 

Kirwan, Richard, ll. d. Scientific Writer I 7S° ? • 

Kirwan, Walter Blake. Dean. Irish Divine & Preacher i754 ? . 

Kisfaludy, Alexander. Hungarian Poet 1772. . 

Kisfaludy, Charles, brother. Hungarian Dramatic Poet. 1788. . 

Kiss, Augustus. German Sculptor 1802. . 

Kissel, John van. Dutch Painter 1626. . 

Kitchiner, William, m. d. Miscellaneous Writer 1775?. 

Kitto, John. d. d. Biblical Writer. Life by Rylaud, 1856 1804. . 

Klaproth, Henry Jules. Orientalist 1783 . . 

Klaproth, Martin Henry. Chemist and Mineralogist. . . . 1743. • 
Kleber, John Baptist. French General. Life bv Heri- 

court, 1800 ; Cousin d'Avallon, 1801 ". i754 ? . 

Klein, James Theodore. German Naturalist 1685 . . 

Kleist, Ewald Christian von. Prussian Officer and Poet. 

( Spring) 1715-- 

Kleist, Henry von. German Dramatic Writer I77&- ■ 

Kleist von Nollendorf, Emilius Frederick, Count. Prus- 
sian General 1762. . 

Klenze, Leo von, of Munich. Architect i7$4- • 

Klicpera, Wenceslaus. Bohemian Dramatist i792 ? . 

Klingemann, Ern. Aug. Fred., of Brunswick. Dramatist 1777. . 

Klingenstierna, Samuel. Swedish Mathematician 1689. . 

Klinger, Fred. Maximilian von. Russ. Officer and Writer 1 7 5 3 '^ . 
Klingstadt, Chas. Gustavus. Russian Miniature Painter 1657. . 

Klocker, David. Historical Painter at Stockholm 1629. . 

Klopstock, Frederick Theophilus. German Poet. Life 

by Elizabeth Smith, 1811 ; Doering, 1825 ; Gruber, 1832 1 724 . . 1803 



234 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORX. DIED. 

KLose, F. J., of London. Musical Composer — . . 1830 

Elotz, Christian Adolphus. Critic, Lat. Poet, Numismatist 1738. .1771 

Kluit, Adrian. Dutch Historian 1735 . .1807 

Kmety, Geo. Jsmail Pacha. Hung. General in Turkey 1813. .1865 

Knapp, George Christian. German Theologian 1753. • x ^ 2 5 

Knapp, Samuel Lorenzo. American Author 1784. . 1S3S 

Knapton, George. Portrait Painter in Crayons 1698. .1788 

Kneller, Sir Godfrey. Painter 1648'. 1723 

Kniaziewicz, Charles. Polish General 1762. .1842 

Kniaznin, Francis Dionysius. Polish Poet: J75°- ■ 1807 

Knibb, William. Baptist Mis.-ionary in Jamaica i8oo ? .iS45 

Knight, Edward. Comic Actor *774- ■ J 8 2 6 

Knight, Gowin, M. d. Natural Philosopher — . .1772 

Knight, Henry GahV, M. p. Traveler and Antiquary. . . . 1786. . 1846 

Knight, Richard Payne. Writer on Art 1750. .1824 

Knight, Samuel, i>. b. "Divine and Biographer I ^74- • I 7^ 

Knight, Thomas Andrew. Vegetable Physiologist 1758. . 1838 

Knight, William II. Artist 1823". 1863 

Knighton, Henry, of Leicester. ( Chron. of English Hist.) fl. ti. Rd. II. 
Knighton, Sir William, Bart., M. d. Phys. and Courtier 1775'. 1836 

Knipperdolling, Bernard. Anabaptist — . .1536 

Knoller, Martin von. German Painter 1725 . . 1804 

Knolles, Richard. Grammarian. (History of Turks) .. . i540 : '.i6io 
Knolles, Sir Robert. English Commander in France. . . . 131 7. .1407 
Knollis, or Knowles, Sir Francis. Statesman and Writer 1530'. 1596 
Knorr, George Wolfgang. Ger. Engraver and Naturalist 1705. .1761 
Knorr von Rosenroth, Christian. German Orientalist. 

(Kabbala Denudata) 1636. .1689 

Knott, Edward. Matthias Wilson. Jesuit Writer 1580.. 1656 

Knowler, William. Divine: Translator of Chrysostom. . 1699?. 1767 
Knowles, James Davis. Amer. Clergyman and Author. . 1798. .1838 

Knowles, James Sheridan. Dramatist and Writer 1784. .1862 

Knowles, Rev. Thomas. Divine and Classical Scholar. . 1723. .1802 

Knowlton, Thomas. English Botanist 1692. .1782 

Knox, Henry. American General and Statesman i75°- .1806 

Knox, John. Scottish Reformer. Life by McCrie, 1812; 

T. Brandes, 1863 ;•••.•• I 5°5-- I 57 2 

Knox, John. Bookseller and Projector. (Systematic View 

of Scotland) 1720. .1791 

Knox, Vicesimus, d. d. Theological Writer 1752. . 1821 

Knox, William. Poet — . .1825 

Knupfer, Nicholas. German Painter 1603. . 1660 

Knutzen, Martin. Prussian Philosopher. (Defense of 

the Christian Religion) ^7^3- -1751 

Knutzen, Matthias. German Atheist fl. 1674 

Knyghton, Henry, of Leicester. ( Chron. of English Hist.) fl. ti. Rd. II. 
Knyphausen, Baron. Lieutenant-General in British Ser- 



vice in American Revolutionary War 1730 

Kobeli, Ferdinand. German Painter and Etcher 1 740 

Kobell, Francis, brother. Artist 1 749 

Koch, Christopher Wm. Genealogist, Canonist, Hist... 1737 
Koch, Joseph Anthony. German Landscape Painter. . . . 1768 

Kochanowski, John. Polish Poet 1532 

Koeberger, Wenceslaus, of Antwerp. Painter 1554 



• 1789 
.1799 
.1822 
.1813 

.1839 
.1584 

•i634 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 235 

BORN. DIED. 

Koehler, John David. German Writer 1684. . 1755 

Koekkoek, Bernard Cornelius. Dutch Landscape Painter 1803. . 1858 

Koelcsey, Francis. Hungarian Poet, Critic, Orator 1790. .1838 

Koenig, Emanuel. Swiss Medical Writer 1658. . 1731 

Koenig, Frederick. German Inventor x 775 • • x °33 

Koenig, George Matthias. [Bibliotheca Vetm et Nova). . . 1616. . 1699 
Koenig, John Gerard, of Courland. Phys., Bot, Traveler 1728. .1785 

Koenig, Samuel. Mathematician and Philosopher 1712. .1757 

Koenigsmarck. See Konigsmarck. 

Koerner, ( Jharlea Theodore. See ELorner 1791 . . 1813 

Koerten-Block, Joanna. Dutch Painter, Modeler, and 

Profile Cutter l6 5°- • I 7i5 

Koets, Roelof, of Zwoll. Portrait Painter l6 55- • I 7 2 5 

Kolbe, or Kolben, Peter. Traveler. ( Cape of Good Hope) 1675 . . 1726 

Kolesey, Francis. Hungarian Poet, Critic, Orator 1790. . 183b 

KoUar, John. Hungarian Poet and Preacher 1793 • • J p 2 

Koller, Francis, Baron von. Austrian General 1767. . 1826 

Kollmann, Aug. Fred. Chas. Ger. Composer in London 1756. . 1824 

Kollontaj, Hugh. Polish Statesman and Author i75°- • l8 / 2 

Kolzow, Alexei Vassilievitch. Russian Poet 1809. . 1842 

Konig. See Koenig. 

Konigsmarck, Marv Aurora, Countess of. Mother of 

Marshal Saxe • • 1668- .1728 

Konigsmarck, Philip Christopher, Count, brother. Swed- 
ish Adventurer 1640- . 1694 

Koninck, or Koning, David van. Dutch Painter — . . 1687 

Koninck, or Koning, Philip van. Dutch Painter 1619. . 1689 

Koornhert, Theodore. Dutch Advocate for Toleration . . 1 522 . . 1 590 

Kopp, John Adam. German Publicist 169S. . 1748 

Koray, Adamantius. Greek Patriot and Writer . 1748. . 1833 

Korner, or Koerner, Charles Theodore. Poet. Life by 
his father, translated by G. F. Richardson; Lehmann, 

1819 ; Erhard, 1821 i79* • -1813 

Kortholt, Christian. German Scholar 1633. . 1694 

Kosciuszko, Thaddeus. Polish General. Life by Julben, 
1818; Low, 1820; Favot, 1820; Falkenstein, 1827; 

Chodzko, 1837 — •••••• I74 5" l8 Jl 

Kosegarten, Louis Theobul. German Poet and Divine. 1758.^.1818 

Koster, Lawrence Janszoon, of Haarlem. Printer I37° ? - — 

Kostrow, Ennilius Ivanovitch. Russian Poet — . . 179° 

Kotter, Christopher, of Sprottow. Enthusiast 15S5 . . 1647 

Kotzebue, Augustus Frederick Ferd. von. Ger. Writer. . 1 761 . . 1819 

Kotzebue, Otto von, brother. Circumnavigator 1757. . 1846 

Kotzebue, Otto von, son of Augustus. Traveler 1787. . 1S46 

Kouck, Peter. Painter at Antwerp 1500-. 1550 

Kouli Khan. Nadir Shah. Persian W amor 1687. .1747 

Koumas, Constantine Michael. Greek Scholar & Author 1775?. 1836 

Kozak, John Sophronius. Bohemian Medical Writer 1603. .1685 

Kozeluch, Leopold. Composer for the Harpsichord 1753. .1814 

Kozloff, Ivan Ivanovitch. Russian Poet 1774. . 1838 

Kozrnian, Cajetan. Polish Poet — . . 1856 

Kracheninnikow, Stephen. Russian Nat. and Traveler 1713. .1755 
Krafft, Adam, of Nuremberg. Sculptor and Architect . . 1435- .1507 
Krafft, George Wolfgang. Ger. Mathem. and Philosopher 1701 . .1754 



236 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Kraitsir, Charles. Hung. Phys. and Philol. in America.. 1804. .i860 

Kranacn, or Cranach, Luke. Sunder. German Painter 1472. 

Kranach, or Cranach, Luke, son. Painter 1515? 

Krantz, Albert. Historian. Life by Wilkens, 1722 1450? 

Kranz, or Cranz, David. Moravian Missionary 1723. 

Krasicki, Ignatius. Polish Bishop, Poet, and Writer. . . 1735. 

Krasinski, Valerian, Count. Polish Protestant Writer . . 1780? 

Kraus, Martin. Crusius. Ger. Scholar. ( Turco-Grcecia) 1526. 

Krause, Charles Christian Frederick. Ger. Philosopher 1 781. 

Krause, Francis, of Augsburg. Historical Painter 1706. 

Krauss, John Baptist. Ger. Theol., Historian, and Critic 170c. 

Kray de Krajof, Paul, Baron von. Austrian General. . . 1735. 

Kresa, Father. Moravian Scholar 1648. 

Kreutzer, Rodolph. Violinist and Musical Composer. . . 1766. 

Kromayer, Jerome. German Theologian and Historian. 1610. 

Kriidener, or Kruedener, Juliana Wietinghoff, Baroness 

von. Russian Mystic and Novelist/ 1764. 

Krug, William Traugott. German Philosopher 1770. 

Krummacher, Fred. Adolph. Theol. & Poet. (Parables) 1768. 

Krummaeher, Godfrey Dan., br. ( Wanderings of Israel) 1774. 

Krunitz, John Geo. Ger. Phys. & Nat. Philos. {Encyclop.) 1728. 

Krusemark, Baron von. Prussian General and Diplom. — . 

Krusenstern, Adam John, Chev. de. Russian Navigator 1770. 

Kryloff, or Krilofr', Ivan Andreevitch. Russian Fabulist. 1768. 

Kublai-Khan. Founder of the Mogul Dynasty of China — . 

Kugelgen, or Kuegelgen, Charles Ferdinand von. Ger- 
man Painter 1 77 2 - 

Kugelgen, or Kuegelgen, Gerard von, twin -brother. 

Painter. Life by Hasse, 1824 1772. 

Kugler, Francis Theodore. German Art Critic 1808. 

Kuh, Ephraim Moses. German Poet 1731 . 

Kuhlman, Quirinus. Fanatic; burnt in Russia 1651 . 

Kuhnau, John. German Organist and Musical Composer 1667. 

Kuhnius, or Kuhn, Joachim. Philologist 1647. 

Kuhnoel, Christian Theophilus. German Critic 1768. 

Kuick, or Kuyk, John van, of Dort. Painter !53°- 

Kunckel, John. German Chemist. 1630. 

Kunzen, Charles Adolphus. Mus. Performer and Comp. 1 720 . 

Kupetzky, John. Hungarian Portrait Painter 1666 or 7 

Kuster, Ludolph. German Scholar and Critic 1670. 

Kuttner, Charles Gottlob. German Traveler 1755. 

Kutusoff, Michael, Prince of. Smolenskoi. Russ. General 1745. 

Kuyk Wouterszoon, John van. Painter I 53°- 

Kuyp, or Cuyp, Albert. Landscape Painter 1606. 

Kuyp, or Cuyp, Jacob Gerritse, of Dort. The Old. 

Dutch Portrait Painter 1575 . . 1650 

Kyd, Thomas. Dramatic Writer fi. ti. Eliz. 

Kydermynster, Richard. Abbot of Winchcombe. Hist. — --1531 

Kynaston, Sir Francis. Poet 1587. . 1642? 

Kynaston, John, of Brazenose College. Divine 1728. .1783 

Kyper, Albert. Medical Writer , 1605 '■ . 1655 

Kypke, Geo. David. Orientalist. ( Observationes Sacrce) 1724. .1779 

Kyrle, John. Man of Ross. Philanthropist 1664. .1754 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 237 

L. 

BORN. DIED. 

Laar, Peter van. Bamboccio. Dutch Painter 1613 . . 1673 or 5 

Labadie, John de. French Mystic 1610. 

Labat, -John Baptist. French Missionary and Traveler. . 1663. , 

Labbe, Philip. French Jesuit. (Collection of Councils). . 1607. 

Labe, Louise, of Lyons. La Belle Cordiere. Poetess.... 1526. 

La Beaumelle, Lawrence de. (Letters to Voltaire) i7 2 7- 

La Bedoyere, Charles Angelica Francis Huchet, Count 

de. French General ; shot 1786. 

Laberius, Decimus. Roman Dramatic Writer — b.c. 

La Billardiere, Jas. Julian Houton de. Fr. Trav. & Nat. 1755. 

Lablache, Louis. Italian Singer T 794- • 

La Boetie, Stephen de. Fr. Republican. (Le Contr'Un) 1530. , 

Laborde, Alex. Louis Joseph, Count. (Pictorial Travels) 1774. . 

Laborde, John Benjamin de. French Musician & Writer 1734. 

Laborde, John Joseph, Marquis de. French Financier. . 1724. 

Labourdonnais, Bertrand Francis Mahe de. French Na- 
val Officer. Governor of Mauritius 1699. 

Laboureur, John le. Historian and Antiquary 1623. 

Labrosse, Guy de. Fr. Bot. and Phys. (On the Plague) — . 

Labrouse, Clotilde Susan Courcelles de. Fr. Enthusiast 1741. , 

La Bruyere, John de. French Writer. (Caracteres) . . . 1644?. 

La Butte, Rene\ French Scholar and Mathematician. . . — . 

La Caille, Nicholas Louis de. French Astronomer *7*3- ■ 

La Calprenede, Walter de Costes de. French Dramatic 

Writer and Romancist 1612? 

Lacarry, Giles. Historian and Antiquary 1605 . . 

Lacepede, Bernard Germain Stephen de la Ville, Count 

de. French Naturalist 1756. 

La Cerda, Bernarda Ferreira de. Portuguese Poetess. .. . 1595. 

Lacerda, Francis Joseph de. Portuguese Traveler — 

Lachaise d'AJx, Francis de. Jesuit. Confess, to Louis XIV. 1624. 

Lachmann, Charles, of Berlin. Critic and Philologist. . . 1793. 

Lackmgton, James. Life by self, 1792 1746? 

Laclos, Peter Ambrose Francis Chonderlos de. French 

Writer and Soldier 1741 . 

La Colonie, John Martin de. (History of Bordeaux). .. . 1674., 

Lacombe, James. Hist. Writ. (Letters of Qu. Christina) 1724. , 

Lacombe de Prezel, Honor**, brother. (Diet, de Citoyen) 1725. 

La Condamine, Charles Mary de. Mathem. and Traveler 1701 . . 

Lacordaire, John Baptist Henry. Dominican Preacher. 

Life by Count Montalembert 1S02. . 

Lacretelle, John Charles Dominic de. French Historian 1766. 

Lacretelle, Peter Louis, brother. French Writer 1751 . 

Lacroix, Anthony Nicholas. (Geographie Moderne) .... 1704. 

Lacroix, Silvester Francis. French Mathematician 1 765 . 

Lacruz y Cano, Ramonde. Spanish Dramatic Poet. . . . 1728. . 

Lactantius, Lucius Ccelius Firmianus. Christian Writer — aft. 

Lacuna, or Laguna, Andrew. Spanish Medical Writer. . 1499. 

Lacy, Edmund. Bishop of Exeter — . 

Lacy, John. Actor and Dramatist — . 



238 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Ladd, "William. American Philanthropist 1778. . 1841 

Ladislaus I. King of Hungary (1077-95). Saint 1041 . . 1095 

Ladislaus II. reckoned by some ii34 i '. 1162 

Ladislaus II., or III. (1204-5) 1185?. 1205 

Ladislaus III., or IV. (1272-90.) Le Chtiman 1250?. 1290 

Ladislaus IV., or V. (1440-44.) VI. of Poland (1435-44) [400?. 1444 

Ladislaus V., or VI. (1444-57.) Le Posthume H39- • 1457 

Ladislaus VI., or VII. (1490-1516.) King of Bohemia 

(1470-151G) 1450?. 1516 

Ladislaus I. King of Poland (1081-1102). Hermann. . 1044?. 1102 

Ladislaus II. (1139-46) iio4?.ii63 

Ladislaus III. (1296-1333) — . . 1333 

Ladislaus IV — . . — 

Ladislaus V. (1386-1434.) Jagellon 1354. . 1434 

Ladislaus VI. (1435-44.) IV. of Hungary (1440-44) . . . 1400?. 1444 

Ladislaus VII., Sigismund (1632-48) 1596'. 1648 

Ladislaus, or Launcelot, Ct. of Provence. King of Naples 1376. .1414 
Ladvocat, John Baptist. Fr. Writer. (Historical Diet.) 1709. .1765 
Ladvocat, Louis Francis. (Entretiens sur un nouveau 

System?) 1645?. 1735 

Laelius, Cains. Sapiens. Roman Publicist 186. 115 B.C. 

Laennec, Rene" Theodore Hyacinth. (Be V Auscultation.) 

Life by Forbes 1 781 . . 1 826 

Laer, or Laar, Peter van. Bamboccio. Dutch Painter 1613. 1673 or 5 
Laet, .Tohn de. Dutch Historical and Geographical Writer — . . 1649 
Lsevinus, Torrentius. Van der Btken. Dutch Poet. ... 1525. .1595 
La Fayette, Louisa Motier, Mdlle. de. Beauty and Wit. . i6i6 ? . 1665 
La Fayette, Ctss. de. Novelist. (Zayde.) Se"e La Vergne 1632. . 1693 
Lafayette, Mary Jane Paul Roch Yves Gilbert Motier, 

Marquis de. Life by his family 1757 . . 1834 

LaFerte Imbault, Maria Theresa Geoffrin, Marchss. de 1715. .1791 

Laffitte, James. French Banker and Financier 1767. .1844 

Laffon de Ladebat, Andrew Daniel. Statesm., Financier 1746. .1829 
Lafitau, Joseph Francis. Jesuit Missionary in America. . 1670. .1740 
Lafitau, Peter Francis, br. Jesuit. Preacher & Hist. Writer 1685 . .1764 

Lafitte, John. Corsair 1780?. 1817 or 26 

Lafont, Joseph de. French Dramatist 1686. .1725 

Lafontaine, Augustus Henrv Julius. German Romancisfr 1756. . 1831 
Lafoutaine, John de. Fabulist. L. by Walckenaer, 1820 1621 . . 1695 
Laforce, Jas. Nompar de Caumont, Due de. Marsh, of Fr. 1558. . 1652 
Lafosse, Anthony de. Tragedian. (Manlius Capitolinus) 1653. .1708 

La Fuente, Alcantara Michael. Spanish Historian 1817. .1850 

Lagalla, Julius Caesar. Italian Phys. (Be Cab Animato) 1576. .1624 
Lagaraye, Claude Toussaint Marot de. Philanthropist. . 1675. .1755 

Lagerbring, Suen. Swedish Historian 1707. .1788 

Lagerloef, Peter. Swedish Historiographer 1648. . 1699 

Lagerstroem, Magnus von. Swedish Philosopher 1696. .1759 

Lagny, Thomas Fantet, Sieur de. Mathematician 1660. .1734 

Lagomarsini, Jerome. Italian Jesuit. Philologist 1698. .1773 

Lagrange, Joseph Louis. Mathematician 1736. . 181 3 

Laguerre, Louis. Painter 1663.. 1721 

Laguna, Andrew. Spanish Physician and Writer 1499. . 1560 

La Harpe, Frederick Caesar. Swiss Patriot 1754. . 1838 

La Harpe, John Francis de. "Writer. Life by Mely-Janin 1 739 . . 1803 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 239 

BORN. DIKD. 

Lahaye, William Nicholas de. French Engraver 1725 • • i 8 °2 

La Hire, Philip de. French Mathematician 1640. .1718 

Laidlaw, William. Poetical Writer 1780. . 1845 

Lainez, Alexander. French Poet .- • 1650. .1710 

Lainez, James. General of the Jesuits. L. by Ribadeneira 1512. .1565 

Laing, Alexander. Antiquary • • • • • • I 77 8 - • I ^3« 

Laing, Alexander. The Brechin Poet. ( Wmjsuh Flowers) 1787- . 1857 

Laing, Alexander Gordon. African Traveler 1794- • ™ 2 ° 

Laing, Malcolm. Historian. ( History of Scotland) 1762. . 181 6 

Laire, Francis Xavier. French Bibliographer ■ ■ 1739- • * bo1 

Lairesse, Gerard. Flemish Portr. and Historical Painter 1640. .1711 

Lais. Grecian Courtesan 5 th - c - BC - 

Lais. Grecian Courtesan 4 th c ; B - c - 

Lake, Arthur. Bishop of Bath and Wells 1550- . 1626 

Lake, Gerard, Viscount. General *744 ■ ^° 8 

Lake, John. Bishop of Chichester — • • lbi >9 

Lalande, James de, of Orleans. Legal Antiquary 1622 . . 1 703 

Lalande, Joseph Jerome Francis de. Astronomer 1732. • lho 7 

Lalande, Michael Richard de. French Musical Composer 1657.. 1726 

LaUemand, Claude Francis. French Physician 179°- • x °54 

Lalli, John Baptist. Italian Poet and Lawyer 1572. . 1637 

Lally, Thomas Arthur, Ct. de. French General ; beheaded 1 702 . . 1 766 
Lally Tollendal, Trophime Gerard, Marquis de. Statesm. 1751 . . 1830 

Lalor, John. Journalist and Essayist — ■ ■ J ^5 6 

Laluzerne, Caesar Wm.de. Cardinal. TheoL&Polit.Wnt. 1738.. 1821 
Lamanon, Robert de Paul, Chev. de. French Nat. Philos. 1 752 .. 1787 

Lamar, Mirabeau B. Second President of Texas 1798- • i»59 

Lamarck, John Baptist Peter Anthony de Monnet, Cheva- 

lier de. Naturalist • • • • •.• ; • • x 744- : ™ 2 9 

Lamarque, Maximilian, Ct. de. Fr. Officer and Politician 1770. . 1832 

Lamb, Caroline, Ladv. Novelist 1785 • -i» 2 « 

Lamb, Charles. Essayist. Life by Talfourd, 1850. . . . . 1775 • • lS 34 
Lamb, Hon. George. Under-Sec. Translator of Catullus —..1834 
Lamb, Sir Jas. Bland Burges, d. c. l. Under-Sec. Writ. 1752.. 1824 

Lamb, John, d. d. Antiquary i79°- • lb 5° 

LambaUe, Maria Theresa Louise de Savoie - Cangnan, 

Princess de. Friend of Marie Antoinette 1749. .1792 

Lambarde, Wm. Antiquary. {Perambulation of Kent). 1536.. 1601 

Lambecius,, or Lambeck, Peter. German Writer 1628. . 1680 

Lambert, St. Bishop of Maestricht. Life by De Tello, 

1622 ; Roberti, 1633 ; Dubosc Montandre, 1637 640- . 708^ 

Lambert d'Aschaffenbourg. Historical Writer. (Annals) 1020-. iobo- 
Lambert, Anne Theresa de Marguenat de Courcelles, 

Marchioness of. Writer and Patron of Learning 1647 . . 1 733 

Lambert, Avlmer Bourke. Botanist 1762 • - l8 4 2 

Lambert, Claude Francis. French Historical W nter. ... 1 705 • . 1 765 

Lambert, Daniel. Fat man 1769- • 1809 

Lambert, Francis. John Serramts. French Reformer . . 1487. .1530 

Lambert, George. English Landscape Painter 171°. ■ »7«>S 

Lambert, John. Nichols. Protestant Martyr — • . i|3» 

Lambert, John. Parliamentarian General 1620- 1694 

Lambert, John Henrv. Mathematician 1720. -*777 

Lamberti, Louis. Italian Greek Scholar 1758. . 1^13 

Lambin, Dennis. Fr. Protestant. Critic and Grammarian 1 5 16. . 1572 



240 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 



BORN 

Lambinet, Peter. Fr. Bibliog. (Recherches Historiques) 1742 

Lambrusehini, Louis. Italian Prelate 1776 

Lambton, John Geo. First E. of Durham. Gov. of Canada 1792 
Lambton,Wm. Colonel. Trigonornet. Surveyor of India — 
Lamennais, Hugh Felicite Robert, Abbe" de. " Writer. . . 1782 

Lamennais, John Mary, Abbe de, brother 1780 

Lamettrie, Julian Offray de. Fr. Physician and Philos. 1709 
Lamey, Andrew. German Historian and Diplomatist . . . 1726 
Lami, or Lamy, Bernard. Fr. Writ. (Apparatus Biblicus) 16 45 
Larni, or Lamy, Francis. Fr. Theol. Opponent of Spinoza 1636 
Lami, John Baptist. Ital. Theologian. Ed. of Meursius 1697 
Lammetrie, Julian Offray de. Fr. Physician and Philos. 1709 

Lamoignon, William de. French Judge 1617 

Lamont, David, D. D. Scottish Divine — 

Lamoriciere, Christopher Louis Leon Juchault de. French 

General 1806 

La Mothe leVayer, Francis de. French Skeptical Philos. 1588 
Lamotte, Anth. Houdart de. Dram. Poet. (Inez de Castro) 1672 

Lamotte, Jane de Valois, Countess de. Intriguer 1756 

Lamotte, William. French Surgeon and Accoucheur ... fl. 
La Motte Fouque, Caroline, Baroness de. Novelist.... 1773 
La Motte Fouque, Frederick, Baron de. ( Undine) .... 1777 
Lamourette, Adrian. French Ecclesiastic and Politician 1742 
Lamouroux, John Vincent Felix. French Naturalist . . . 1779 
Lampe, Frederick Adolphus. Theol. & Antiq. (St. John) 1683 
Lampe, John Frederick. German Composer in England 1692 
Lampttlas, Francis Xavier. Spanish Jesuit Writer. . . . 1739 
Lamplugh, Thomas. Bp. of Exeter and Abp. of York. . 1615 

Lampridio, Benedict. Latin Poet — 

Lampridius, ^Elius. Historian and Biographer. . . ti. Diocl. & 

Lamy, Bernard. (De Tabernaculo Foederis) 1645 

Lamy, Francis. French Benedictine. ( On Self-Knowledge) 1636 
Lana-Terzi, Francis de. Ital. Math. (Magisteriwn Naturai) 1631 

Lancaster, Sir James. Navigator — 

Lancaster, or Lankester, Joseph. Educationist 1771 

Lancaster, Nathaniel, d. d. Divine and Poetical Writer 1700 

Lance, George. Painter 1802 

Lance, William. American Author and Politician 1791 

Lancelot, Anthony. French Writer 1675 

Lancelot, Claude," of Port Royal. Grammarian 161 5 

Lancelotti, John Paul. Italian Canonist 15 11 

Lancisi, John Mary. Italian Phvsician 1654 

Lancjean, Renii. Flemish Painter — 

Lanere, Peter de, of Bordeaux. Writer on Demonology — 

Lancret, Nicholas. French Painter 1690 

Lancrinck, Prosper Henry. Flemish Painter in England 1628 

Landais, or Landois, Peter. French Politician — 

Landen, John. Mathematician. (Mathematical Memoirs) 1719 
Lander, Frederick William. American Military Officer. 1822 

Lander, John. African Traveler 1807 

Lander, Richard, brother. African Traveler 1804 

Landi, Hortensius. Italian Writer — 

Landino, Christopher. Italian Scholar and Latin Poet. . 1424 
Lando. Pope (913 or 914) — 



C813 

1854 

[840 

[823 

r8 54 

[860 

[751 

[802 

1715 

[711 

[770 • 

[751 

[677 

'8 3 7 

[S65 
[672 

[791 

»o 
831 
843 
794 
825 
729 
756 
798 
691 
540 
Const. 
[715 
[711 
[687 
[620 
r8 3 8 

<775 
[864 
[840 
[740 
[695 
[591 
[720 
[671 
1630 

[743 

[692 

e 4 8 5 

[790 

[862 

<8 3 9 

[8 34, 

[560? 

<5°4 
914 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 241 

BORN. DIED. 

Lando, Conrad. Count. German Adventurer — . . 1363 

Lando, Peter. Doge of Venice ( 1539-45) — . .1545 

Landon, Letitia Elizabeth (Mrs. Maclean). L.E.L. Poet- 
ess. Life by Blanchard, 1841 1802 . . 1838 

Landor, Walter Savage. Writer and Poet 1775 . .1864 

Landseer, John. Engraver 1769. . 1852 

Lane, Ralph. Discoverer of Virginia under Raleigh fl. 1583 

Lane, Sir Richard. Lord Keeper — aft. 1645 

Lane, Samuel. Painter 1780?. 1859 

Lane, Timothy. Scientific Writer and Inventor — ..1807 

Lane, William. Painter — . . 1819 

Lanfrane, Archbishop of Canterbury 1005?. 1089 

Lanfrane, of Milan. ( Chirurgia Magna et Parva) — . .1300? 

Lanfrane, John. Italian Painter 1581 . . 1647 

Lang, Charles Nicholas. Swiss Naturalist 1670. .1741 

Lang, John Michael. German Prot. Divine and Orient. 1664.. 1737 

Lang, Oliver. Shipbuilder and Inventor — . . 1853 

Langbaine, Gerard, d. d. Provost. Collector of MSS. i6o8 ? .i658 
Langbaine, Gerard, son. {Account of Dramatic Potts). . 1656.. 1692 
Langbein, Augustus Frederick Ernest. German Author 1757. .1835 
Langdale, Alban, d. d. Roman Catholic Controversialist — aft.1584 
Langdale, Henry Bickersteth, Lord. Master of Rolls . . . 1783. .1851 

Langdale, Sir Marmaduke, Lord. Royalist Officer — . . 1661 

Langdon, John. American Statesman J739- -1819 

Lange, or Langius, John. German Medical Writer 1485 . . 1 565 

Lange, Lawrence. Swedish Traveler — aft. 1737 

Lange, or Langius, Rodolph, of Munster. (De Excidio 

Hierosolyma) 1438?. 1519 

Langebeck, James. (Scriptores Rerum Danicarum). ... 17 10. .1774 
Langeland, or Longland, Robert. Poet. (Piers Plowman) fl. i37o ? 

Langeron, Andrault, Count. Russian General 1763. .1831 

Langham, Simon de. Cardinal. Archbp. of Canterbury 1310?. 1376 

Langhans, Charles Gothard. German Architect 1 733- .1808 

Langhorne, Rev. Daniel. Historian and Antiquary .... — . .1681 

Langhorne, Rev. John, d. d. Poet 1735 • • J 779 

Langius. See Lange. 

Langland, or Longland, John. Bp. of Lincoln. Writer 1473. .1547 
Langlande, or Longland, Robert. (Piers Plowman) .... fl. 14th c. 
Langle, John Maximilian de. Protestant Divine of Rouen 1590. . 1674 

Langles, Louis Matthew. French Orientalist 1763. . 1824 

Langley, Batty. Architect — . . 1 75 1 

Langley, Rev. Thos. Topographer. (Hist, of Desborough) — . .1801 

Langtoft, Peter. English Chronicler fl. i3oo : ' 

Langton, Christopher, M. d. Medical Writer — . .1578 

Langton, Stephen. Cardinal. Archbp. of Canterbury — ..122S 

Languet, Hubert. French Protestant. ( Vindicice) 1518. .1581 

Languet de Gergy, J. Bapt. Joseph. Fr. Philanthropist 1675 . .1750 
Languet de Gergy, John Joseph, br. Controversial Div. 1677. .1753 

Langwith, Benjamin, d. d. Natural Philosopher — . .1743 

Laniere, Nicholas. Painter, Engraver, and Musician . . . 1568. .1646 

Lanigan, John, d. d. Irish Clergyman and Author 1758. . 1828 

Lanjuinais, John Denis, Count de. French Politician. . . 1753. .1827 
Lanjuinais, Joseph de. French Ecclesiastic ; Writer. .. . — . .1S08 
Lankester, or Lancaster, Joseph. Educationist *77**- 1838 



242 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Lannes, John, Duke of Montebello. Marshal of France 1769. .1809 

Lannoy, Charles de. General of Charles V 1470?. 1527 

La Noue, Francis de. Brasde Fer. Huguenot. (Discourses) 1531. .1591 
Lansberghe, Philip van. Dutch Mathematician & Divine 1561 . . 1632 
Lansdowne, George Grandville, Visct. Politician & Poet 1667. .1735 

Lansdowne, Henry Petty Fitzmaurice, Marquess of 1780. .1863 

Lansdowne, William Petty, First Marquess of. Premier 

as Earl Shelburne *737- .1805 

Lantier, Stephen Francis de. Poet, Dramatist, and Writer 1734. . 1826 

Lanzani, Andrew. Italian Painter 1645?. 1712 

Lanzi, Louis. Antiquary. (History of Painting) 1732. .1810 

Lanzoni, Joseph. Physician and Writer 1663. .1730 

Lao-Tsee. Chinese Philosopher 600.aft.517 b.c. 

Laparelli, Francis. Italian Architect and Mechanician . . 1521..1570 
La Perouse, John Francis Gallaup, Ct. of. Fr. Navigator 1741. .1788? 

Lapide, Cornelius a. Biblical Commentator — . . 1657 

Laplace, or Plateanus, Peter de. Fr. Magistrate & Writer 1526. .1572 
Laplace, Peter Simon, Marquis de. ( Mechanique Celeste) 1749. . 1827 

Lapo, Arnulph. Architect and Sculptor 1232?. 1300 

Lapo, James. Italian Architect — . .1262 

Larcher, Peter Henry. Classical Scholar and Translator 1726. .1812 
Lardner, Dionysius, ll,. d. Scientific Writer. ( Q/cfo/j.) 1793. .1859 
Lardner, Nathaniel, d. d. ( Credibility.) Life by Kippis 1684. .1768 

Larfarge, Mary Cappelle. French Poisoner 1816. . 1852 

LargiHiere, Nicholas de. Portrait and Historical Painter 1656. .1746 

Larive, John Mauduit de. French Tragedian 1 747. .1827 

Larivey, Peter de. French Dramatic Writer 1550?. 1612? 

Lamed, Sylvester. American Clergyman T 796. . 1820 

La Rochefoucauld, Francis VI., Due de. French States- 
man and Moralist. (Maximes) 1613. . 1680 

La Rochefoucauld Liancourt, Francis Alexander Fred- 
erick, Due de. Politician and Philanthropist. ( Trav- 
els in United States) r 747- • 1827 

La Rochejaquelein, Henry du Verger, Count de. Ven- 

dean Royalist 1772. .1794 

Laromiguiere, Peter. French Philosopher 1756. .1837 

Laroon, Marcellus. Flemish Painter 1 ^>S3- -1705 

Larra, Mariano Joseph de. Spanish Writer 1809. . 1837 

Larrey, Dominic John, Baron. French Army Surgeon. . 1766. .1841 

Larrey, Isaac de. Historian 1638. .1719 

Larrivee, Henry. French Actor and Vocalist l 733- .1802 

Larroque, Daniel de. Satirist. Roman Cath. Convert i66o ? .i73i 
Larroque, Matthew de. Fr. Prot. (Hist, of the Eucharist) 1619. .1684 
La Salle, Anthony Charles Louis, Count de. Fr. General 1775. .1809 
La Salle, Robert Cavelier, Sieur de. French Navigator. . 1635?. 1687 
Lascaris, Andrew John. Rhyndacenus. Gr. Schol. in Italy 1445 ? . 1535 
Lascaris, Constantine. Greek Grammarian in Italy .... — . .1500? 
Las Casas, Bartholomew de. Spanish Missionary to 

South America. (History of the Indies) *474- .1566 

Las Cases, Emmanuel Augustine Dieudonne" Marin Jo- 
seph, Count de. Le Sage. (Historical Atlas) 1766. . 1842 

Lascelles, Rowley. Antiquary. (Liber Hibernice) 1770?. 1 841 

Lascy, Jos. Francis Maurice, Ct. de. Austr. Field Marsh. 1725. .1801 
Lasena, or Lascena, Peter. Ital. Schol. (Nepenthes Homeri) 1590.. 1636 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 243 

BORN. DIED. 

Laski, or Lasco, John a. Polish Scholar and Reformer. . 1499. .1560 
Lassels, Richard. Rom. Cath. Writer. ( Travels in Italy) 1603.. 1668 
Lasso, Orlando di, or Orlandus Lassus. Musical Composer 1520. .1594 
Lassone, Joseph Mary Francis de. Fr. Phys. and Chemist 171 7. .1788 

Latham, John, m. d. Ornithologist and Antiquary 174°- • 1 %V 

Lathrop, Joseph, d. d. American Clergyman and Writer 1731. .1820 
Latimer, Hugh. Bishop of Worcester. Protestant Martyr. 

Life by W. Gilpin, 1780 1472?. 1555 

Latimer, Win. Gr. Schol. Teacher of Erasmus and Pole — . .1545 
Latini, Brunette Grammarian of Florence. (Tesaro) . . 1230.. 1294 
Latinus, Latinius. ltal. Schol. (Latin Letter's and Poems) 1513. -1593 
Latour d'Auvergne, Theophilus Malo Corret de. Sol- 
dier and Philologist 1 743 . . 1800 

Latreille, Peter Andrew. French Naturalist 1762. . 1833 

Lattaignant, Gabriel Charles, Abbe de. French Poet. . . 1697. .1779 
Lattanzio, Gambara. Ital. Historical and Portrait Painter 1538?. 1570? 
Latude, Henry Masers de. Prisoner in Bastile. (Memoirs) 1725.. 1805 
Laud, William. Archbishop of Canterbury. Life by 
Prynne, 1644; Hevlin, 1671; C. W. Le Bas; Lawson, 

1829; Baines, 1855 1573.. 1645 

Lauder, Sir Thomas Dick, Bart. Scottish Writer 1784. . 1848 

Lauder, William. Literary Impostor 1710?. 1 771 

Lauderdale, James Maitland, Earl of. Statesman 1759. .1839 

Lauderdale, John Maitland, Duke of. Cabal Minister. . 1616. .1682 
Laudon, or Laudohn, Gideon Ernest. Austrian General 1716. .1790 

Laugier, Mark Anthony. French Historical Writer 1713. -1769 

Launay, Francis de. (Roman and French Jurisprudence) 1612. .1693 

Launay, Peter. French Protestant Theologian 1573. . 1661 

Launey, Bernard Rene Jourdan de. Gov. of the Bastile 1740. .1789 

Launoi, John de. French Divine *6o3. . 1678 

Laura, of Vaucluse. Friend of Petrarch i3io ? . 1348 

Laura, or Lauri, Philip. Flemish Painter 1623. . 1694 

Laurati, Peter. Italian Fresco Painter 1282. . 1340 

Laurenberg, Peter. German Physician 1575?. 1639 

Laurence, French, d. c. l. Poet and Writer — . . 1809 

Laurence, Richard. Abp. Cashel. Theologian. (Baptism) 1 761 . .1838 

Laurence, Roger. Nonjuring Bishop — . . 1736 

Laurens, Andrew du. French Physician and Anatomist — ..1609 

Laurens, Henry. American Statesman 1724. . 1792 

Laurens, John, Lieutenant-Colonel. American Patriot. . 1756. .1782 

Laurent, Peter Joseph. Flemish Engineer 1715 . .1773 

Laurentius. Archbishop of Canterbury (604-19) — . . 619 

Lauri, or Laura, Philip. Flemish Painter 1623. . 1694 

Lauriston, Alexander James Bernard Law, Marquis de. 

French General and Diplomatist 1768. . 1828 

Lauzun, Anthony Nompar de Caumont, Due de. Favor- 
ite of Louis XIV J &33- -1723 

La Valette, Anthony Mary Chamans, Ct. de. Fr. General 1769. .1830 
La Valette, John Parisot de. Gd. Master; founded Valetta 1494. .1568 
La Valliere, Frances Louisa de la Baume le Blanc, Duch- 
ess de. Favorite of Louis XIV 1644. .1710 

Lavater, John Gaspar Christian. Swiss Physiognomist 1741..1801 
Lavater, Louis. Canon of Zurich. Protestant Con trov. 1536. .1586 
La Vergne, Mary Magd. de, Ctss. de la Fayette. Laverna 1632. . 1693 



244 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN 

Lavington, George. Bishop of Exeter 1683 

Lavirotte, Louis Anne. French Medical Writer 1725 

Lavoisier, Anthony Lawrence. Chemical Philosopher. . 1743 
Law, Edmund. Bishop of Carlisle. Metaphysical Writer 1703 

Law, Edward, First Lord Ellenborough. Judge 1750 

Law, George Henry. Bishop of Bath and Wells 1761 

Law, John, of Lauriston. Projector. L. by P.Wood, 1826 167 1 

Law, John. Bishop of Elphin — 

Law, William. Mystic Divine. (Serious Call) 1686 

Lawes, Henry. Musical Composer 1600 

Lawes, William. Musical Composer; killed at Chester. . — 

Lawless, John. Irish Agitator 1772 

Lawless, Matthew James. Artist — 

Lawless, Valentine Browne, Ld. Cloncurry. (Recollect.) 1773 

Lawrance, John. American Statesman and Judge 1750 

Lawrence, Abbott. American Merchant and Statesman 1792 
Lawrence, Amos, brother. Merchant and Philanthropist 1786 
Lawrence, Sir Henry Montgomery. Statesman. De- 
fender of Lucknow 1806 

Lawrence, James. American Naval Officer. " Don't 

give up the ship " 1781 

Lawrence, Rev. John. Agricultural Writer — 

Lawrence, or Laurent, Peter Joseph. Flemish Engineer 1715 

Lawrence, Stringer. General in India 1697 

Lawrence, Thomas, M. d. Medical Writer. (De Hydrope) 1711 
Lawrence, Sir Thos. Paint. L. by D. E. Williams, 1831 1769 

Lawson, Henry. English Savant 1774 

Lawson, Sir John. Admiral — 

Lawson, John, b. d. Mathematician — 

Lawson, Rev. John Parker, of Scotch Episcopal Church. 

(Life of Laud) — 

Lax, Rev. William. Math. & Astron. Prof, at Cambridge 175 1 
Layneld, John, d. d. One of the Translators of the Bible — 

Laynez, or Lainez, James. Jesuit 1512 

Lazarelli, John Francis. Italian Poet 1621 

Lea, Isaac. American Naturalist — 

Leach, William Elford. English Naturalist 1790 

Leadbetter, Charles. Mathematician — 

Leake, Sir John. Admiral. Life by S. M. Leake, 1750. . 1656 

Leake, John, m. d. Medical Writer 1720 

Leake, Richard. Master Gunner of England 1629 

Leake, Stephen Martin. (Nummi Britannici Historia) . . . 1702 

Leake, William Martin. Colonel. Topographer 1777 

Leander. Fr. Capuchin. Writer. (Truths of the Gospel) — 

Leapor, Mrs. Mary. Poetess 1 722 

Lear, Tobias. American Diplomatist 1760 

Learchus. Greek Sculptor 7th < 

Lebeuf, John. French Antiquary. (History of Paris) . . 1687 
Le Blanc, John Bernard. (Letters on the English Nation) 1707 

Le Blanc, Marcel. Jesuit Missionary to Siam 1653 

Le Blanc, Nicholas. French Chemist 1753 

Le Blanc. See Blanc. 

Lebrun, Charles. French Painter 1619 

Lebrun, Chas. Francis, Duke of Placentia. Fr. Statesm. 1739 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 245 

BORN. DIED. 

Lebrun, Peter. Divine. (Hist, of Superstitious Practices) 1661..1729 

Lebrun, Pigault. French Novelist 1742 . . 1835 

Lebrun, Ponce Denis Ecouchard. French Pindar. Poet 1729. .1807 
Lecchi, John Anthony. Italian Mathem. and Philosopher 1 702 . . 1 776 

Leclair, John. Musical Composer 1697 . .1764 

Leclerc, Daniel. French Medical Writer 1652. . 1728 

Leclerc, John. Biblical Critic 1657. .1736 

Leclerc, Nicholas Gabriel. Medical and Historical Writer. 

(History of Russia) 1726. -i79 8 

Leclerc, Sebastian. French Designer and Engraver 1637. .1714 

Leclerc, Sebastian. Historical Painter 1684?. 1767 

Leclerc, Victor Emanuel. French General I77 2 - .1802 

L'^Icluse, Charles de. Clusius. Dutch Phys. & Botanist 1526. .1609 

Lecomte, Felix. French Sculptor. (Fenelon) 1737.. 1817 

Lecomte, Louis. Traveler and Missionary in China 1650?. 1729 

Le Conteur, John. English General 1761 . .1835 

Le Coq, Anthony. French Physician — . . 155° 

Le Courayer, Peter Francis. French Roman Catholic 

Refugee in 1 England ♦. 1681 . .1776 

Lectius, or Lect, James, of Geneva. Critic and Poet . . . 1560. .1611 
Ledebour, Chas. Fred. von. Ger. Botanist and Traveler 1785. .1851 

Ledesma, Alphonso. Spanish Poet 1552. . 1623 

Ledoux, Claude Nicholas. French Architect 1736. .1806 

Le Dran, Henry Francis. French Surgical Operator 1685 . .1770 

Le Due, John. Dutch Painter of Animals 1636. . 1671 

Ledwich, Edward, ll,. d. Antiquary and Topographer. . 1739. . 1823 
Ledyard, John. Amer. Traveler. Life by J. Sparks, 1828 1 75 1 . . 1 788 

Ledyard, Thomas. Naval Historian 1482 . .1544 

Lee, Ann. Founder of Shakers in America 1736- -1784 

Lee, Arthur. Amer. Statesman. Life by R. H. Lee, 1829 1740. .1792 

Lee, Charles. General. Life by Langworthy, 1792 1730?. 1782 

Lee, Edward. Archbishop of York. Writer 1482?. 1544 

Lee, Francis Lightfoot. American Patriot and Statesman 1734. .1797 

Lee, Miss Harriet, sister of Sophia. Novelist 1756. • 1851 

Lee, Henry. American Soldier and Statesman 1756- .1816 

Lee, Henry. Dramatist. ( Caleb Quotem) — . . i836 ? 

Lee, Rev. "Jesse. (Notes) 1758. .1816 

Lee, John, d. d. Principal, of Edinburgh — . . 1859 

Lee, Mary E. American Authoress 1813. . 1849 

Lee, Nathaniel. Dramatic Poet 1655 . . 1692 

Lee, Mrs. R. Bowdich. English Authoress i8oo ? . 1856 

Lee, Mrs. Rachel Fanny Antonina. Writer — . . 1829 

Lee, Richard Henry. American Statesman. Life bv R. 

H.Lee, 1825 i73 2 -- I 794 

Lee, Rowland. Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry; Lord 

President of Wales — • • *543 

Lee, Samuel. Ejected Nonconformist Divine and Antiq. 1625. .1691 
Lee, Samuel, i>. u. Orientalist : Professor at Cambridge . . 1783. . 1852 
Lee, Miss Sophia. Novelist. ( Chapt. of Accidents ; Recess) 1750. .1824 

Lee, Thomas. American Judge and Politician 1769- • l8 39 

Lee Boo, Prince of Goo-roo-raa — • -1784 

Leech, John. Humorous Artist i8i7 ? . 1864 

Leechman, William. Scottish Controversial Divine 1706. .1785 

Leepe, John Anthony van der. Painter of Bruges 1664. .1720 



246 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Leet, James, of Geneva. Politician and Lawyer 1560. . 161 1 

Leeuw, Gabriel van der. Animal Painter of Bruges. . . . 1643. • J 6S8 
Leeuwenhoeck, Anthony van. Nat. Philos. and Anat. 1632. .1723 
Leeves, Rev. William. Composer. (Auld Rubin Gray). . 1749.. 1828 
Lefebvre, Francis Joseph, Duke of Dantzic. Marsh, of Fr. 1755 . .1820 
Lefebvre, Tanneguy. Tanaquil Faber. Philologist.... 1615..1672 

Lefebvre de St. Rerny, John. Historian 1394?. 1468 

Lefebvre-Desnouettes, Charles, Count. French General 1773. • 1& 22 
Lefevre, James, of Etaples. Scholar and Theologian. . . . 1455?. 1537 
Lefevre, Robert. French Historical and Portrait Painter 1756. .1831 
Le Fort, Francis. Commander and Statesman of Russia 1656. .1699 
Legallois, Julian John Ciesar. French Physiologist .... 1770. . 1814 
Legare, Hugh Swinton. Amer. Statesm. &Man of Letters 1797. .1843 

Legate, Bartholomew. Martyr — . . 1612 

Legendre, Adrian Mary. Mathematician 1752. .1833 

Legendre, Louis. Historian 1659 . . 1 733 

Legendre, Louis. French Revolutionist 1755 . .1797 

Leger, Anthony. Piedmontese Prot. Editor of N. Test. 1594. .1661 

Leger, Anthony, son. Preacher . 1652. .1719 

Leger, John, cousin. Hist, of the Piedmont. Protestants 1615. .1670? 
Leger, St. See Saint Leger. 

Legge, George, Baron Dartmouth. Admiral 1648. . 169 1 

Legge, Thomas, ll. d. Master of Caius Coll. Dramatist 1536?. 1607 
Leggett, William. American Journalist and Author. . . . 1802. .1839 
Legouve, Gabriel Mary John Baptist. Fr. Dram, and Poet 1764. . 1812 

Legrain, John Baptist. French Historian 1565 . . 1642 

Legrand, James William. French Writer on Architecture 1 743 . . 1807 

Legrand d'Aussy, Peter J. B. Jesuit Writer ^737- • 1800 

Legrenzi, John. Italian Musical Composer fl. 1664-84 

Leguano, Stephen Mary. Italian Historical Painter 1660. .1715 

Leibnitz, Godfrev William, Baron. Mathematician. Life 

by Dr. G. G. Guhrauer, 1842 1646. .1716 

Leicester, Robert Dudley, Earl of. Favorite of Elizabeth. 

Life by Dr. S. Jebb, 1727 ; James Drake 1532?. 1588 

Leicester of Holkham, Thomas William, Earl of, Vis- 
count Coke. Agriculturist 1752. .1842 

Leifchild, Dr. Independent Divine. L. by J. R. Leifchild 1780. . 1862 
Leigh, Benjamin Watkins. Amer. Lawyer and Statesm. 1781. .1849 

Leigh, Charles. Physician and Naturalist 1660 '.aft. 1705 

Leigh, Sir Edward. Bibl. Critic and Hist. ( Crit. Sacra) 1602. . 1671 
Leighton, Alexander. Scottish Puritan. (Zion's Plea) 1587. .1644 
Leighton, Robert, son. Archbishop of Glasgow. (St. 

Peter.) Life by Pearson; Burnet 1613. .1684 

Leirdngen, Charles, Prince of. Half-brother of Queen 

Victoria. Philanthropist 1804. . 1856 

Leisler, Jacob. Amer. Polit. Adventurer. L. by Hoffman — ..1691 
Leismann, John Anthony. German Landscape Painter 1604.. 1698 
Le Jay, Guy Michael. Fr. Orientalist. (Polyglot Bible) 1588. .1674 

Lekain, Henry Louis Cain. French Actor.. .' 1728. .1778 

Le Keux, John. English Architectural Engraver 1784. .1846 

Leland, John. Antiquary. Life by Huddesford, 1772 . . . 1506?. 1552 
Leland, John, d.d. Dissent. Divine. (Deistical Writers) 1691..1766 
Leland, Rev. John. Writer. Life by self and L. F. Green 1754 . . 1841 
Leland, Rev. Thomas. Irish Divine; Transl. of Demosth. 1722. .1785 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 247 

BORN 

Lelli, Hercules. Italian Painter and Modeler 1700 

Le Long, James. French Historian. (Bibliotheca Sacra) 1665 

Lely, Sir Peter. Painter 161 7 

Lemaire, James. Dutch Navigator .. . . . — 

Lematre, Nicholas Eloi. French Classical Scholar 1767 

Le Maistre, Anthony, of Port Royal. {Pleadings) 1608 

Le Maistre, Louis Isaac. Sacy. Jansenist Writer 1613 

Leman, Rev. Thomas. Antiquary 1751 

Le Marchant, John Caspar. Eng. Gen. (Sword Exercise) 1767 
Leniens, Balthasar van. Dutch Hist. Painter in London 1637 
Le Mercier, John. Biblical Commentator & Orientalist — 

Lemery, Louis. Chemist and Physician 1677 

Lemery, Nicholas. French Chemist. ( Cours de Chymie) 1645 

Lemierre, Anthony Marin. French Dramatist 1733 

Lemnius, or Lemmens, Lieven. Dutch Phys. and Theol. 1505 
Lemoine, Abraham. French Prot. Div. ( On Miracles) — 

Lemoine, Francis. French Historical Painter 1688 

Lemoine, John. French Cardinal. Canonist — 

Lemoine, Peter. French Poet. (St. Louis) 1602 

Lemoine, Stephen. French Prot. Divine. ( Varia Sacra) 1624 
Lemon, Geo. William. (Etymological .English Dictionary) 1726 
Lemonnier, Louis William. Fr. Physician and Botanist 1717 

Lemonnier, Peter Charles. French Astronomer 171 5 

Lemontey, Peter Edward. French Poet and Jurist 1762 

Lemot, Francis Frederick. French Statuary 1773 

Lemoyne, John Baptist. French Musical Composer .... 1751 
Lempriere, John, D. D. Scholar. (Classical Dictionary) 1765 

Lenau, Nicholas. German Poet 1802 

L'Enclos, Ninon, or Anne de. French Beauty. Life by 

Bret ; Damours 1616 

Le Neve, John. Antiquary. (Fasti Ecclesim Anglicanai) 1679 

Le Neve, Peter. Norroy King-at-Arms 1662 

Lenfant, David. Fr. Dominican. (Gen. Hist, of all Ages) 1603 

Lenfant, James. French Protestant Divine 1661 

Lenglet du Fresnoy, Nicholas. Historical Writer 1674 

Lennard, Sampson. Antiquary and Writer — 

Lennep, John Daniel van. (Eiymohgicum Linguae, Gr&cte) 1724 
Lennox, Mrs. Charlotte. Writer. (Shakespeare lllust.) 1720 
Lenormand, Mary Anne Adelaide. French Fortune-teller 1772 
Lenotre, Andrew. Fr. Architect & Ornamental Gardener 1613 

Lens, Bernard. Miniature Painter — 

Lenthall, William. Speaker 1591 

Lentino, Jacopo Notaro da. Italian Poet fl.i 

Leo I. Emperor of the East (457-74). Thracian 400' 

Leo II. (474, Jan. 26-Nov.) Young 470 

Leo III. (717-41.) lsaurian 680 

Leo IV. (775-80) 750 

Leo V. (813-20.) Armenian — 

Leo VI. (886-911.) Philosopher 866 

Leo I. Pope (440-61.) The Great 390 

Leo II. (682-84) — 

Leo III. (795-816) — 

Leo IV. (847-55) - 

LeoV. (903) - 



248 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 



Leo VI. (928-29) 

Leo VII. (936-39) 

Leo VIII. (963-65) 

LeoIX. (1049-54.) Brunon. Saint 

Leo X. (1513-21.) John de' Medici. Life by Roscoe ; J. 

If. V. Audin, 1844; A. Fabroni 

Leo XI. (Elected April 1, 1605.) Alexander de 1 Medici 

Leo XII. ( 1823-29. ) Annibal delta Genga 

Leo, of Modena. Jewish Antiquary 

Leo Allatius. Greek Scholar in Italy. ( Apes Urbanai) 

Leo de St. John. (Studium Sapientice Universalis) 

Leo Juda. German Protestant Reformer 

Leo, John. Africanus. Traveler and Geographer 

Leo, Leonard. Neapolitan Musical Composer 

Leon, Fra Louis Ponce de. Spanish Poet 

Leonardo Bonaeci, of Pisa. Mathematician 

Leonardo da Vinci. Painter. Life by Amaretti; J. W. 

Brown, 1828 

Leoni, Jacomo. Venetian Architect 

Leonicenus, Nicholas. Italian Physician 

Leonico, Thomas Nicholas. Italian Scholar 

Leonidas. King of Sparta (b. c. 491-480) 

Leopardi, James, Count. Italian Poet and Class. Scholar 

Leopold I. Emperor of Germany (1657-1705) 

Leopold II. (1790-92.) I. Grand Duke of Tuscany 

(1765-90) 

Leopold I. King of Belgium 

Leopold. Duke of Lorraine 

Leosthenes. Athenian General 

Leotaud, Vincent. {Examen Circuit Quadrature) 

Leowitz, or Leovitius, Cyprian. German Astronomer. . . 

Lepaute, John Andrew. French Horologist 

Lepautre, or Lepotre, Anthony. French Architect 

Lepautre, Peter, son. Sculptor 

Lepicier, Bernard. French Engraver 

Lepicier, Nicholas Bernard, son. Painter 

Lepidus, Marcus ^Emihus. Triumvir 

Lepois, Charles. Charles Piso. Medical "Writer 

Lepois, Nicholas. Medical Writer 

Leprince, John. French Musician and Painter 

Le Quien, Michael. Theologian 

Lerebours, Noel John. French Optician 

Leri, John de. French Protestant. {Siege of Sancerre) 
Lermontoff, Michael Ivanovitch. Russ. Poet & Novelist 
Lernutius, John. Dutch Latin Poet. (Basia, Ocelli, &c.) 
Leroy, Julian David. (Ruines des Monuments de la Grece) 
Leroy de St. Arnaud, Arnaud James. Marshal of France 

Le Sage, Alain Rene". Novelist. ( Gil Bias) 

Le Sage, David. French Poet. (Les Folies du Sage) . . . 

Le Sage. (Historical Atlas.) See Las Cases 

Lesage, George Louis. Swiss Philosopher. (Final Causes) 

Lescaille, Catherine. Butch Sappho 

Lescailie, James. Dutch Printer and Poet 

Leseot, Peter. French Architect 



BORN. DIED. 

— .. 929 

— •• 939 

— .. 965 
1002. .1054 

1475.. 1521 
1535.. 1605 
1760. .1829 
1571..1654 
1586. .1669 
1600. .1671 
1482. .1542 
1483?. 1552 
1694.. 1 745 
1528. .1591 
fl. 1200' 



1452 

1428 
1456 

B 

I798 
164O 



.1520 

.1746? 

.1524 

I53I 
.C.480 

1837 
I705 



1747 
I79O 
1679 
fl.B 

1595 
1524 
1709 
1614 
1660 
1698 
1735 

1563 
1527 

! 733 
1661 
1762 

J534 
1811 

1545 

1724 
1801 
1668 

1766 
1724 
1649 
1610 
i;io. 



.1792 
.1865 
.1729 

C323 
.1672 

•1574 
.1789 
.1691 
.1744 

•1755 

.1784 

B.c.13 

■*633 

.1781 

■*733 
.1840 
.1611 
.1841 
.1619 
.1803 
.1854 

•1747 

.1650? 

.1842 

.1803 

.1711 

.1677 

.1571 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 249 

BORN. DIED. 

Lescure, Louis Mary, Marquis de. Fr. Royalist General 1766. .1793 
Lesdiguieres, Francis de Bonne, Dk. of. French General 1543. . 1626 
Lesley, John. Bishop of Ross ; Friend of Mary Stuart . . 1 527 . . 1 596 
Leslie, Charles. Irish Divine. (Short and Easy Method) 1650'. 1722 

Leslie, Charles Robert, r. a. Painter and Writer 1794- • l8 59 

Leslie, Eliza. American Authoress I7 8 7- • • l8 57 

Leslie, John. Bishop of Clogher. Scholar and Politician 1570?. 167 1 
Leslie, Sir John. Math, and Nat. L. by Macvey Napier 1 766 . . 1832 

Lespinasse, Julia Jane Eleanore, of Paris I73 2 - • *776 

Lessing, Gotthold Ephraim. Writer. L. by K. G. Lessing 1729. -1781 
Lessius, Leonard. Dutch Jesuit. (Immortality of 'the Soul) 1554.. 1623 
Lestocq, John Hermann, Count. Physician. Favorite of 

Elizabeth of Russia l6 9 2 - • W 

L'Estrange, Sir Roger. Prot. Controv. and Translator 1616..1704 

Lesueur, Eustace. French Painter 1617 . . 1655 

Lesueur, John Francis. French Musical Composer 1760 .. 1837 

Lesueur, Thomas. French Mathematician 1 703 . . 1 770 

Lethieullier, Smart. English Antiquary and Virtuoso. . 1701 . .1760 

Leti, Gregory. Italian Historian 1630 .. 1 701 

Letourneur, Peter. French AVriter 1736. . 1788 

Letronne, John Anthony. Fr. Archaeologist and Critic. . 1787 . .1848 

Lettice, John. Poet and Divine 1737- • l8 3 2 

Lettsom, John Coakley, m.d. Life by Pettigrew, 1817. . 1744. .1814 

Leucippus. Greek Philosopher fl. 5th c. B.C. 

Leunelavius, John. Ger. Traveler. ( Ottoman Empire) 1533. .1 593 
Leupold, James. Mechanician. (Theatrum Machinarum) 1674.. 1727 

Leuret, Francis. French Anatomist 1797- • 1851 

Leusden, John. Orientalist 1624. . 1699 

Leutholf, or Ludolph, Job. German Orientalist 1624. . 1704 

Leutzelburger, or Liitzelburger, Hans. Engraver fl. 16th c. 

Leuwenhoek, Anthony van. Dutch Natural Philosopher 1632. .1723 

Le Vaillant, Francis. Naturalist and Traveler 1753- • l82 4 

Lever, Sir Ashton. Naturalist and Collector — . . 1788 

Lever, Ralph, d. d. Divine and Author — - • i5 8 5 

Lever, Thomas. Master of St. John's Coll., Camb. Writer — ..1577 
Leverett, Frederick Percival. American Classical Scholar. 

{Latin Lexicon) i 8o 3- - l8 3 6 

Leverett, Sir John. Gov. of the Colony of Massachusetts 1616 . . 1679 

Leveridge, Richard. Singer and Musical Composer 1670. .1758 

Levesque, Peter Charles. Historian I73 6 - lSl2 

L6vesque de Pouilli, Louis John. ( Sentiments Agreables) 1691 . . 1 750 

Levi, David. Jewish Controversialist 174°-, • l 799 

Levi-ben-Gershom. Rabbi. Biblical Commentator. . . 1 290 •'. 1370 
Levingston, James. Earl of Callendar. Scottish Royalist — ..1672 
Levis, Peter Mark Gaston, Due de. Fr. Royalist : Writer 1764. . 1830 

Levita, Elijah. Jewish Grammarian and Exegete 1470. .1549 

Levizae, John Pons Victor Lecoutz de. French Poet and 

Philologist '. • • • — • - lS J3 

Levret, Andrew. French Surgeon and Accoucheur 1703 1780 

Lewis, Andrew. American Revolutionary General 1730- . 1780 

Lewis, Enoch. American Mathematician 1776.. 1856 

Lewis, Francis. American Revolutionary Statesman 1713. .1803 

Lewis, Sir George Come wall. Statesman and Writer. . . 1S06. . 1863 
Lewis, Rev. John. Antiquary and Divine 1675 .. 1 746 



250 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Lewis, Maria Therese, Lady. Novelist and Biographer. . 1803 . . 1865 
Lewis, Matthew Gregory. Monk Leiois. Romancist. . . . 1775 • • 1818, 
Lewis, Meriwether. American Soldier and Explorer. . . . 1774. . 1809 
Lewis, Morgan. American Soldier, Jurist, and Politician 1754. .1844 

Lewis, Samuel. American Educationist l 799- • J 854 

Ley, Sir James. Judge • 1552?. 1628 

Leybourn, William. Mathematical Writer — . . 1690? 

Leydecker, Melchior. Dutch Theologian 1642. .1722 

Leyden, John, M. D. Poet&Orient. L. by Moreton, 1819 1775. .1811 
Leyden, Luke van. Lucas Jacobze. Dutch Painter .... 1494. .1533 

Leyland, Joseph Bentley, of Halifax. Sculptor — . . 185 1 

Leyssens. Painter of Antwerp 1661 . .1720 

Lezay-Marnezia, Adrian, Count de. Diplom. and Polit. 1770. .1814 
Lezay-Marnezia, Claude Francis Adrian, Mqs. de. Polit. 1735 . . 1800 

L'Hopital, Michael de. Chancellor of France. ^oS- • I 573 

Lhuyd, Edw. Antiq. and Nat. (Archceolugia Britannica) i67o ? .i709 

Lhuyd, Humphrey. Antiquary — . . 1570 

Libanius. Greek Sophist and Rhetorician 314. aft. 390 

Libavius, Andreco. German Physician and Chemist. ... — . . 1616 

Liberi, Peter. Italian Painter 1605 . . 1687 

Liberius. Bishop of Rome (352-66) — . . 366 

Liceti, Fortunio. Italian Physician and Philosopher. . . . 1577. .1657 

Lichnowsky, Felix, Prince. Prussian General 1814. . 1848 

Liehtenberg, George Christopher. Writer. {On Hogarth) 1742.. 1799 
Lichtenstein, Jos. Wenceslaus, Prince of. Austrian Gen. 1696. .1772 
Lichtenstein, Martin Henry Charles. German Naturalist 1780. .1857 
Lichtwer, Magnus Godfrey. German Poet and Fabulist 1719. .1783 

Licinius. Roman Emperor (307-24) — . . 324 

Liddel, Duncan. Scottish Mathematician and Physician. 

Life by James Stuart 1561. .1613 

Lieutaud, Joseph. French Medical Writer i7°3- .1780 

Lie ven, Dorothea, Princess of. Russian Diplomatist .... 1784. .1857 
Lievens, or Livineius, John, of Antwerp. Greek Scholar 1546'. 1599 

Lievens, John. Dutch Portrait Painter for Charles I 1607 . . 1663 

Lightfoot, John, D. D. Divine 1602. . 1675 

Lightfoot, John. Botanist. {Flora Scotica) 1 735 . . 1 788 

Lignac, Joseph Adrian le Large de. Abbe. Philoso- 
pher, Naturalist, Theologian 1710?. 1762 

Ligne, Chas. Joseph, Prince de. Austrian Field Marshal 1735. -1814 

Ligonier, John, Earl of. Field Marshal 1678 . . 1770 

Ligorio, Peter, of Naples. (Designs after the Antique) . . 1530?. 15S0 
i-dguori, St. Alphonsus Maria di. Italian Theologian . . . 1696. .1787 

Lilburne, John. Republican Writer and Sectary 1618. .1657 

Lillo, George. Dramatic Writer. Life by Thos. Davies 1693. .1739 
Lilly, or Lylye, John. Dramatic Writer. " {Euphues). . . . 1553? i6oi ? 

Lilly, William. Astrologer. Life by self 1602. . 1681 

Lily, or Lilye, William. Schoolmaster and Grammarian . . 1468 ? . 1 5 23 

Limborch, Philip van. Dutch Theologian 1633 . .1712 

Limbourg, John Philip de, of Spain. Medical Writer. . . fl. 1736-65 

Limnaeus, John. German Jurist *59 2 - • ^63 

Linacre, Thomas, m. d. Physician and Scholar 1460?. 1524 

Iiinant, Michael. French Poet; Friend of Voltaire 1708. .1749 

Lincoln, Abraham. Sixteenth President of the United 

States; assassinated by Booth 1809. .1865 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 251 



BORN 



Lincoln, Benjamin. American Revolutionary General. . 1733.. 1810 

Lincoln, Levi. American Statesman *749- ■ I ^ 2 ° 

Lind, James, m. d. Medical Writer. ( On the Scurvy) ... — . . 1 794 

Lindanus, William. Dutch Divine 1525. .1588 

Lindblad, Otto. German Song Composer — ..1864 

Lindblom, Axel.- Archbishop of Upsal. Lexicographer 1746. .1819 

Linde, Samuel Theophilus. Polish Philologist 1771 • .1847 

Lindenau, Bernard Augustus von. German Astronomer 1780. .1854 
Lindenbruch, Frederick. ( Codex Legum Antiquarum) . . 1573. .1648 
Lindley, John, m. d. Prof, of Botany. {Botanical Did.) 1799. .1865 
Lindpaintner, Peter Joseph von. German Composer. 

( Sicilian Vespers) 1791 

Lindsay, Sir David. Poet. Life by Chalmers 1490 

Lindsay, John, E. of Crawford. General. L. by Rolt, 1753 1702 
Lindsay, John. Nonj. Divine. {Hist, of Regal Succession) — 
Lindsey, Theoph. Socin. Writer. L. by T. Belsham, 1812 1723 
Lindsley, Philip, d. d. Amer. Clergyman and Educator 1786 

Ling, Peter Henry. Swedish Physiologist and Poet 1766 

Lingard, John, d. d., ll. d. Roman Catholic Historian 1771 

L'Ingegno, or Andrea di Luigi. Painter 1450 

Lingendes, Claude de. French Jesuit; Preacher 1591 

Linglebach, John. German Painter of the Grotesque . . 1625 
Linguet, Simon Nicholas Henry. Polit. and Misc. Writer 1736 

Liniere, Francis Payot de. French Poet 1628 

Linley, George. Song Writer and Composer 1798 

Linley, Thomas. Musical Composer. ( Twelve Ballads) 1725 

Linley, Thomas, son. Musician ; drowned 1756 

Linley, William, br. Mus. Comp. {Songs of Shakespeare) 1771 
Linn, John Blair. American Poet. {Powers of Genius). . 1777 
Linnaeus, Charles von. The great Botanist. Life by Miss 

Brightwell; Trap of Stoever; Pulteney 1707 

Linnaeus, Charles, son. Botanist 1741 

Linschoten, John Hugh van. Dutch Voyager 1536 

Linsenbahrt. Rosinus Lentilius. Medical Writer 1657 

Lint, Peter van. Dutch Historical and Portrait Painter. . 1609 
Lin-tseh-su. Chinese Imperial Commissioner & Author 1785 
Lin wood, Wm. Bishop of St. David's. Eccles. Lawyer — 

Lionel, Duke of Clarence, son of Edward III ". . . — 

Liotard, John Stephen. Swiss Painter in Crayons 1702. aft 

Liotard, Peter. French Botanist 1729 

Lipenius, Martin. Ger. Lutheran. {Bibliotheca Realis) 1630 
Lippi, Lawrence. Pa. & Poet. {II Malmantile Racquistnto) 1606 
Lippi, Philip. Painter of Florence. {Adoration of Virgin) 1412 

Lippi, Philip, or Philippin, son. Painter 1460 

Lippoman, Louis. Italian Bishop, Persecutor, and Writer 1500 

Lipsius, Justus. Critic. Life by Miraus 1547 

Liron, John. Benedictine of St. Maur. {Auteurs Chartrains) 1665 

Lis, John van der. Dutch Painter 1570 

LiscofT, Christian Louis. German Satirist 1701 

Lisle, de. See Delisle. I 

Lisle, Mrs., or Lady Alice. Victim of Judge Jeffreys. .. . — 
Lisle, Sir Geo. Royalist; Defender of Colchester; shot . . — 
Lisola, Francis Paul, Baron von. Diplomatist. (Bou- 

clier d Etat) 1613. .1675 



DIED. 



252 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

List, Frederick. German Political Economist 1789. . 1846 

Li8ta y Axagon, Albert. Spanish Mathem., Poet, Critic 1775 . . 1848 
Lister, Martin. Phys. and Nat. (Historia Conchyliorum) 1638?. 1712 

Lister, Sir Matthew J St. d. Physician 1565?. 1657 

Lister, Thomas Henry. Novelist and Historian 1801 . . 1842 

Liston, John. Comedian 1776. . 1846 

Liston, Robert. Surgeon 1794- • ^4^ 

Lithgow, William. Scottish Pedestrian Traveler — . . 1640 

Litta, Pompey, Count. Italian Historian 1781 . .1852 

Little, William. William of Netcburgh. Historian 1136. . 1208 

Littleton, Rev. Adam. Divine and Philol. (Lat. Diet.) 1627. .1694 
Littleton, or Lyttelton, which see. 

Littrow, Joseph John von. German Astronomer 1781 . . 1840 

Liutprand, or Luitprand. Lombard Historian 92o 1 '. 972 

Lively, Edward. Hebrew Professor at Cambridge. One 

of the Translators of the Bible — . . 1605 

Liverpool, Charles Jenkinson, First Earl of. Statesman 1727. .1808 
Liverpool, Robert Banks Jenkinson, Second Earl of. 

Premier (1812-27) 1770. .1828 

Livia Drusilla, the wife of Augustus b.c.55 ? .a.d.29 

Livineius, or Lievens, John, of Antwerp. Greek Scholar 1 546'. 1599 
Living, or Elfstan. Archbishop of Canterbury (1013-20) — . .1020 
Livingston, Brockholst, ll. d. Amer. Soldier and Jurist 1757. . 1823 
Livingston, Edward. American Legislator and Jurist. 

Life by Hunt 1764. .1836 

Livingston, John. Scotch Presbvterian Divine 1603. . 1672 

Livingston, Philip. American Patriot 1 716. . 1778 

Livingston, Robt. R. Amer. Polit. ; Ambass. to France 1746.. 1813 
Livingston, William. American Writer and Statesman. 

Life by Theodore Sedgwick, 1835 *7 2 3- • 1790 

Livius Andronicus. Roman Poet fl. b.c. 240 

Livy. Roman Historian b.c. 59. A.D.17 

Llewellyn. Prince of Wales; defeated by Edward 1 1224? . 1282 

Llorente, Bernard German y. Spanish Painter 1685. .1757 

Llorente, John Anthony. Spanish Historian 1756. .1823 

Lloyd, Charles, of Birmingham. Translator of Horace . . — ..1827 

Lloyd, Charles. Bishop of Oxford 1784. . 1829 

Lloyd, Charles. Poet ; Friend of Wordsworth, Lamb, and 

Southey — . . 1839 

Lloyd, Rev. David. Biographer and Historian 1625 . . 1691 

Lloyd, Henry Humphrey Evans. Military Historian. . . . 1729. .1783 

Lloyd, Rev. Nicholas. Philologist 1634. . 1680 

Lloyd, Robert. Poet. Life by Dr. Kenrick 1733. .1764 

Lloyd, William. Bishop of Worcester. Scholar 1627.. 171 7 

Llywelyn, Sion, of Glamorgan. Poet — . . 1616 

Lobau, George Mouton, Count de. Marshal of France . . . 1770. . 1838 

Lobb, Theophilus, of London. Medical Writer 1676?. 1763 

Lobeira,Vasco de. Portuguese Writer. {Amadis of Gaul) — ..1403 
Lobel, or L'Obel, Matthias de. Bot. (Stirpium Adversaria) 1538.. 1616 
Lobineau, Guy Alexis. Fr. Writ. (History of Brittany) 1666. .1727 
Lobkowitz, Boleslaus de Hassenstein, Baron de. Diplo- 
matist and Latin Poet — . .1510 

Lobo, Jerome. Portuguese Jesuit Missionary 1593?. 1678 

Locatelli, Peter. Italian Violinist 1693 . .1764 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 253 

BORN. DIED. 



Loch, David. Writer on Trade — 

Loch, James, m. p. Scot. Writer. ( County of Sutherland) 1780. . 

Lochner, Stephen, of Cologne. Painter — 

Lock, Matthew. Musical Composer 1630?. 

Lockart, Alex. Scot. Politician. (Memoirs of Scotland) 1675 ? . 

Locke, John. Philosopher. " Lite by Lord King ; Le Clerc 1632 . . 

Locke, Joseph. Engineer. Lite by J. Dexey, 1862 1805 . . 

Locker, Edvv. Hawke, of Greenw. Hosp. Popular Writer 1777. . 

Locker, John. English Greek Scholar and Writer — 

Lockhart, John Gibson. Writer. (Life of Scott) I794-- 

Lockman, John. Musical Writer 1698 . . 

Lodge, Edmund. Herald and Antiquary. (Portraits).. i75^ : - 

Lodge, Thomas, M. d. Dramatic Poet I 555'- 

Lodge, William. Engraver 1649. . 

Loewendal, Ulric Frederick Waldemar, Ct. of. General 1700. . 

Loewenthal, Rev. Isidore. Missionary at Peshawer .... 1827. . 

LorTfc, Capel. Writer " 1751- • 

Loftus, Adam. Archbishop of Dublin J 534 ? - 

Loffcus, Dudley. Orientalist 1618. . 

Loftus, William Kennett. English Archaeologist i82o ? . 

Logan. Tah-gah-jute. Indian Chief — 

Logan, George, m. d. Amer. Statesman and Philanthr. 1753.. 

Logan, James. American Colonial Statesman and Author 1674. . 

Logan, Rev. John. Scottish Divine, Poet, and Writer . . 1748. . 

Logau, Frederick, Baron von. German Poet 1604. . 

Loggan, David. Engraver. (Oxonia Illustrata) ^SS'- 

Lohenstein, Daniel Gaspar. German Poet 1635 • • 

Loir, Nicholas. French Painter 1624. . 

Lola Montez, (Maria Dolores Porris y Montez,) Countess 

of Landsfeld. Adventuress 1824. . 

Lollard, Walter. Protestant; burnt at Cologne — 

Lolli, or Lolly, Anthony. Italian Violinist 1728. . 

Lorn, Josse van, or Lommius. Dutch Medical Writer. . 1500. aft. 

Lombard, John Louis. French Artillerist i7 2 3- • 

Lombard, Lambert, of Liege. Painter 1506. . 

Lombard, Peter. Master of Sentences. Schoolman .... — . . 

Lom6nie, Henry Augustus, Count de Brienne. French 

Ambassador in England 1595 . . 

Lomenie, Henry Louis, Count de Brienne, son. States- 
man. ( Memoirs of Oivn Life) 1635 . . 

Lomenie de Brienne, Stephen Charles de. Cardinal . . 1727. . 

Lommius, Jodocus, or Josse van Lorn. Dutch Med. Writ. 1500. aft. 

Lomonosoff, Michael Vasilovitch. Russ. Poet and Hist. 1711. . 

Londe, Francis Richard de la. French Poet 1685'. 

Londonderry, Charles William Vane Stewart, Third Mar- 
quess of. General under Wellington 1 77$ • • 

Londonderry, Robert Stewart, brother, Lord Castlereagh 

and Second Marquess of. Statesman 1769. . 

Long, Edward, of Jamaica. Judge. (Hist of Jamaica) 1734.. 

Long, James le. Fr. Hist. & Bibliog. (Bibliotneca Sacra) 1665. . 

Long, John St. John. Medical Empiric 1798. . 

Long, Roger, D. D., of Cambridge. Professor of Astronomy 1680. . 

Long, Thomas. Nonjuring Divine 162 1 . . 

Longbeard, William, of London. Popular Champion. . . — 



780 
855 
45i 
677 

73 2 

704 
860 



254 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 



BORN. DIED. 



Longepierre, Hilary Bernard de. Critic and Class. Dram. 1659. .1721 

Longhi, Joseph. Italian Painter and Engraver 1766. .1831 

Longinus, Dionysius Cassius. Greek Philosopher 213?. 273 

Longland, or Langland, John. Bishop of Lincoln H73- . 1547 

Longland, or Langeland, Robt. Poet. (Piers Plowman) fl. 1370" 

Longman, Thomas Norton. London Publisher 1770'. 

Longolius, or Longueil, which see. 

Longomontanus, Christian. Danish Astronomer 1562. . 

Longstreet, William. American Inventor — 

Longueil, Christopher de. Ciceronian Scholar 1490. . 

Longueil, Gilbert de. Dutch Phys. and Class. Scholar 1507. . 
Longuerue, Louis Dufour de. Fr/Abbe and Hist. Writer 1652. . 
Longueval, James. Jesuit; Ecclesiastical Historian .... 1680. . 
Longueville, Anne Genevieve de Bourbon, Duchess de, 

daughter of Henry II.; Prince of Conde. L. by Villefore 1619. . 

Longus. Greek Romance Writer. (Past07-als) 4th or 5 

Loni, Alexander, of Florence. Painter 1655 . . 

Lonicerus, Adam. Physician and Naturalist 1528. . 

Lonicerus, John. Ger. Philologist. ( Greek and Lat. Lex.) 1499. . 

Loon, Theodore van. Dutch Painter 1630. . 

Loos, Cornelius. Dutch Divine. (De Vtrdet Falsa Magid) 1546?. 

Loosjes, Adrian. Dutch Novelist and Poet 1761 . . 

Lope de Rueda. Spanish Dramatist and Actor 1500?. 

Lope de Vega. Spanish Poet 1562. . 

Lopes, Fernando. Portuguese Historian 1380'. 

Lopez, Narcisso. Cuban Revolutionist 1799- • 

Loredano, John Francis. (History of the Kings of Cyprus) 1606.. 

Lorenze, John Michael. French Historian i1 2 7>- • 

Lorenzetti, Ambrose. Painter of Sienna 1257. . 

Lorenzini, or Laurentini, Francis Mary. Poet 1680. . 

Lorenzini, Lawrence. Mathematician 1652. . 

Lorenzo. The Magnificent. See Medici 1448. . 

Lorgna, Anthony Mary. Italian Mathematician 1730* . 

Loriot, Anthony Joseph. French Mechanician 1716. . 

Lorit, Henry. Glareanus. German Scholar 1488. . 

Lorkin, Thomas, M. d. Medical Writer 1528?. 

Lorme, Charles de. Physician to Louis XIII. Writer. . 1584. . 

Lorme, Marion de, or Delorme. French Courtesan 1612'. 

Lorme, Philibert de. French Architect 1518.. 

Lorraine, Charles de Guise, Cardinal de ... 1525 . . 

Lorraine, Claude. Gelee. French Landscape Painter . . 1600.. 

Lorraine, Robert le. French Sculptor 1666. . 

Lorris, William de. French Poet. (Roman de la Rose) — . . 

Lorry, Anne Charles. French Medical Writer 1726. . 

Lortzing, Albert Gustavus. German Composer 1803. . 

Losa, Isabella, d. d., of Cordova. Scholar i473 ? • 

Loten, John. Dutch Landscape Painter in England — 

Lothaire I. Emperor of Germany 795 '■ . 

Lothaire II. (1125-37.) Duke of Saxony and Emperor 1075 . . 

Lothaire. King of Lorraine 825 . . 

Lothaire. King of France (954-86) 941 . . 

Lotich, John Peter. Physician and Latin Poet. !598- . 

Lotich, Peter. Secundus. Latin Poet '. 1528. . 

Lotto, Lorenzo. Venetian Painter fl. 15 13 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 255 

BORN. DIED. 

Loubere, Simon de la. French Jesuit Envoy to Siam . . 1642. .1729 
Loudon, or Laudon, Gideon Ernest, Baron. Austrian 

Field Marshal 1716. . 1790 

Loudon, Mrs. Jane Webb. Horticult. & Botanical Writer 1800. . 1858 

Loudon, John Claudius. Horticultural Writer. I7 ^3" - l8 43 

Louis I. Envp. of Ger. (814-40), and I. of Fr., which see 778. . 840 

Louis II. (855-75.) The Young 822?. 875 

Louis III. (890-903.) The Blind 880?. 928? 

Louis IV. (900-11.) The Infant. (Not reckoned by some) 893'' .- 912? 

Louis V., or IV., (1314-47) of Bavaria 1287?. 1347 

Louis I. King of France (814-40) and Emperor. Le 

Debonnaire. Life by Astronome 77% ■ ■ 840 

Louis II. (877-79.) Le Be gue, or Stammerer 846.. 879 

Louis III. (879-82) — . . 882 

Louis IV. (936-54.) D Outre-Mer .% 9 21 -- 954 

Louis V. (986-87.) Le Faineant 966.-987 

Louis VI. (1108-37.) Le Gros. Life by Suger 1078. .1137 

Louis VII. (1137-80.) LeJeune 1120..1180 

Louis VIII. (1223-26.) Le Lion 1187..1226 

Louis IX. (1226-70.) Saint. Life by Nangis ; Joinville ; 

J. H. Gurney, 1855 1215 . . 1270 

LouisX. (1314-16.) Hutin 1289. .1316 

Louis XI. (1461-83.) Life by C P. Duclos, 1745 ; Jean 

de Troyes ; Baudot de Juilli, 1756 H 2 3 • • T 4 8 3 

Louis XII. (14.98-1515.) Life by Tailhe; Claude Scyssel 1462. .1515 
Louis XIII. (1610-43.) Life b'v Gabriel, Lord of Gram- 

mont; James Howell; Le Vassor, 1710-21 1601 . . 1643 

Louis XIV. ( 1643-1715. ) L. by P. Pellisson-Fontanier ; 

Isaac de Larrey; Leti; Reboulet; G. P. R. James 1638. .1715 

Louis XV. (1715-74.) Life by Voltaire 1710- -1774 

Louis XVI. (1774-93) i754-- J 793 

Louis XVII. Life by A. de Beauchesne, 1853 1785 .. 1795 

LouisXVIH. (1814-24) i755-- l82 4 

Louis I. King of Hungary (1342-82) and of Poland 1326. . 1382 

Louis II. (1516-26) i5° 6 - • J 5 26 

Louis le Germanique. King of Germany 806. . 876 

Louis of France. Duke of Anjou, son of John III — . . 1384 

Louis Philippe. King of the French. Life by M. A. 

Boullee, 1849; L. G. Michaud, 1849; Nouvion, 1859. . 1773- - l8 5° 

Louis, Anthony. French Surgeon 1 7 2 3 ■ • 1 79 2 

Louisa of Orleans. Q. of Belgians, dau. of Louis Philippe 1812. . 1S50 

Louisa of Savoy. Regent of France i47 6 - • I53 1 

Louisa, Augusta Wilhelmina Amelia. Queen of Prussia. 

Life by Mrs. Richardson 1776. • 1810 

Louptiere, John Charles de Relongue de la. French Poet 1 727 . . 1 784 
Loureiro, John de. Portuguese Botanist and Missionary 171 5'. 1796 
Loutherbourg, or Lutherburg, Philip James. French 

Landscape Painter 1 74° • • l8x2 

Louvel, Louis Peter. French Assassin *7°3. . 182 ° 

Louvet, Peter. Antiquary of Beauvais '5^9' • i( m6 

Lou vet de Couvray, John Baptist. French Politician. . 1764. .1797 

Louville, Eugene d'Alonville. French Astronomer 1671 . .1732 

Louvois, Francis Michael Le Tellier, Marquis de. Minister 

of Louis XIV 1641 . . 1691 



256 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Lovat, Simon Fraser, Lord. L. by self; J. H. Burton, 1847 1667. .1747 

Love, Christopher. Presbyterian Divine.. . . 1618. .1651 

Love, James. Dramatic Writer and Actor — . .1774 

Lovejoy, Rev. Elijah P. American Abolitionist 1802. .1837 

Lovejoy, Owen. American Abolitionist and Statesman . . 181 1 . . 1864 

Lovelace, Richard. Poet 1618. . 1658 

Lovett, Richard. Lay Clerk of Worcester. Philos. Writer — ..1780 

Lovibond, Edward. Poet — . .1775 

Lowe, Sir Hudson. General. Governor of St. Helena. . 1767. .1844 
Lowe, Peter. Scottish Surgeon. (Discourse on Chiruyery) — ..1612 

Lowell, Francis Cabot. American Merchant 1775 ■ -1817 

Lowell, John, ll. d. American Statesman and Jurist. . . 1743. .1802 
Lowell, John, ll. d., son. Lawyer and Political Writer 1769. .1840 
Lowell, John. Founder of Lowell Institute at Boston. . . 1799. .1836 
Lowen, John Frederick. German Poet and Romancist . . 1729?. 1773 
Lowendal, Ulric Frederick Waldemar, Count of. General 1700. .1755 
Ldwenthal, Rev. Isidore. Philologist and Missionary . . 1827. .1864 

Lower, Richard. Physician and Anatomist 1631 ? . 1691 

Lowman, Moses, of Clapham. Biblical Commentator. . . 1680.. 1752 
Lowndes, Kawlin. American Lawyer and Statesman. . . 1722. .1800 
Lowndes, Thomas. Founder of Astronom. Professorship — ..1748 

Lowndes, William Jones. American Statesman 1782. .1822 

Lowndes, William Thomas. Bibliographer. (Biblioy- 

rapher's Manual) — . . 1843 

Lowry, Wilson. Engraver 1 762 . . 1824 

Lowth, Robert. Bp. Lond. (Isaiah.) L.by P. Hall, 1834 1710. .1787 
Lowth, William. Prebend of Winchester. Scholar and 

Commentator 1661 . . 1732 

Loyd, Lewis. London Banker 1768. . 1858 

Loyer, Peter le, Sieur de la Brosse. (Apparitions) Z550. .1634 

Loyola, Ignatius. Founder of the Jesuits. Life by Riba- 
deneira, 1570; John Peter Maffei, 1584; Stein, 1598; 
Gretser, 1599-1604; Bombino, 1615 ; Mavr, 1616 ; Mich. 
Walpole, 1617; Ferus, or Plachy, 1617; Diez, 1619; 
Binet, 1622; Bidermann,1625; Nigroni, 1630 ; La Mis- 
ma, 1633 ; Arcones, 1633 ; Halkett, 1648 ; Bartoli, 1650 ; 
Kastel, 1667; Bussieres,1670; Bonhours, 1679 ; Coret, 
1679; Nolarci,1680; Garcia, 1685; Nossius, 1690 ; Nie- 
berlein, 1721; Hane, 1721; Rasiel de Selva, or Ques- 
nel de Dieppe, 1736; Mariani, 1741; Wolfter, 1788; 
Frank, 1802; Geiss,1804; Dewora,1816; Charra,1840; 
Du Thairel, 1844; Bruehl, 1845 ; Genelli,1848; Rau,1851 1491 . . 1556 

Lubbert, Sibrand. Dutch Controversial Divine 1 556?. 1625 

Lubbock, Sir John William, f. k. s. Math, and Philos. 1803.. 1865 
Lubienetski, Theodore, of Cracow. Hist. and Portr. Pa. 1653?. 1 716 
Lubieniczki, Stanisl. Unitarian. ( Theatrum Cometicum) 1623. .1675 

Lubin, Angustin. Geographical Writer 1624 .. 1695 

Lubin, Eilhard. (De Causa et Natura Mali) 1556. . 1621 

Luca, John Baptist. Cardinal. (Analysis of Civil Law) 1614..1683 

Lucan, Marcus Anngeus. Roman Poet 39 . . 65 

Lucaris, Cyril. Greek Theologian 1572. . — 

Lucas, Charles. Irish Physician and Patriot 1713. .1771 

Lucas, Frederick, m. p. Rom. Cath. Polit. Ed. of Tablet 1812. . 1855 
Lucas, Paul. French Traveler 1664. . 1737 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 257 

BORN. DIED. 

Lucas, Rev. Richard. Divine 1648 . . 1 715 

Lucas, Samuel. Journalist and Writer. (Secularia) . . . 181S..1865 
Lucas Brugensis, Francis. Dutch Orient, and Bib. Writ. 1552?. 1619 

Lucas van Leyden. Dutch Painter and Engraver 1494- ■ 1533 

Lucchesini, Jerome, Marquis of. Prussian Statesman . . 1752. .1825 

Lucchesini, John Vincent. Italian Historian 1660. .1744 

Luchetto, of Genoa. See Cambiaso 1527. .1585 

Lucian. ( J reek Writer i2o ? . 200 

Lucian, St. Presbyter of Antioch. Martyr .. 312 

Lucifer. Bishop of Cagliari. Writer — ab. 370 

Lucilius, Caius. Roman Satirist 148. 103 B.C. 

Lucius I. Pope (252-5^1) — . . 253 

Lucius II. (1144—45.) Gerard de Caccianamici — - . .1145 

Lucius III. (1181-85.) Ubaldo AUucingoli — . . 11S5 

Liicke, Godfrey Christian Frederick. German Theologian 1792. . 1855 

Lucretius. Roman Philosopher and Poet 95-55 B -C- 

Lucullus, Lucius Licinius. Conqueror of Mithridates. . .no- .57B.C. 

Luden, Henry. German Historian 1780. . 1847 

Ludlow, Edmund. Parliamentarian General 1620?. 1693 

Ludolpn, Henry William. ( Gram, of Russian Language) 1655 . .1710 
Ludolph, Job. Orientalist. {History of Ethopia) .' . ..... 1624. .1704 

Ludwig, Christian Theophilus. Botanist 1709. .1773 

Ludwig, John Peter, of Magdeburg. ( Manuseripta Omnis 

■sEvi) 1668. .1743 

Luecke. See Liicke 1792.. 1855 

Luetzow. See Liitzow. 

Lugo, Francis de. Sp. Jesuit Miss. (On Thomas Aquinas) 1580.. 1652 
Lugo, John de, br. Sp. Jesuit and Cardinal. Theologian 1583. . 1660 
Luigi, Andrea di. V Ingegno. Painter. See LTngegno 1450?. 1520 

Luini, Bernardin. Italian Painter — aft. 15 30 

Luini, Francis. Italian Mathematician 1740. .1792 

Luisino, Francis. Italian Greek and Latin Scholar 1523. .1568 

Luitprand. King of Lombards (712-44) — . . 744 

Luitprand. Lombard Historian 920?. 972 

Luke, St. Evangelist 1st c. 

Lukin, Lionel. Inventor of Life-boat 1742?. 1834 

Lully, or Lulli, John Baptist. French Musical Composer 1633. .1687 
Lully, or Lulle, Raymd. Doctor Jlhiminalus. (Ars Magna) 1234. . 1315 
Lumsden, Matthew, ll. d., of Calcutta. Orientalist'. . . . 1777. .1835 
Lundin, Sir Alan. Earl of Alhol. Justiciar of Scotland — -.1275 

Lundy, Benjamin. American Abolitionist : 17S9. .iS^ 

Luneau de Boisjermain, Peter Jos. Francis. Fr. Writer 1732 . 1801 

Lunn, Joseph. Dramatist 1784' ■ 1S63 

Lupset, Thos. Div. & Writer ; Friend of Pole & Erasmus 1498 ■ . 1 5 30 

Lupton, Donald. Biographer rl. 1674 

Lupus, or Wolf, Christian. Blemish Writer on Councils 161 2. .1681 

Lupus Servatus. French Abbot. Theologian 8o5 : \aft.S6i 

Lusignan, Guy de. King of Jerusalem and Cyprus — . .1194 

Lussan, Margaret de. Romance and Historical Writer.. 16S2..1758 
Luthbert, or Lubbert, Sibrand. Dutch Controv. Divine i556 ? .i625 
Luther, Martin. German Reformer. Life by Melanchthon, 
154t>(also in English. German, French, and Swedish); 
Cochlams, 1549 (also in German); Mathesius, 1565; 
Selnecker, 1575; Taillepied, 1577; Seidel, 1581; Glo- 
17 



258 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

cerus, 1586 ; Dresser, 1598 ; Brerely , 1624 ; Hayne, 1641 , 
Juncker, 1699 (also in German and Dutch) ; Forstmann, 
1717; Grinsius, 1721; Herrenschmidt, 1742 (also in 
German and Danish); Walter, 1749-54; Kiel, 1753; 
Schroekh, 1773 (also in Danish and Swedish); Wa- 
genseil, 1782; Tischer, 1783 (also in English, Danish, 
and Dutch); Zimmermann, 1812; Bower, 1813; H. 
Mueller, 1817: Ukert,1817; Stance, 1835; Pfizer, 1836; 
Riddle, 1837; J. Scott, 1838; Audin, 1839 (also in Ger- 
man and Italian); H.Lee, 1839; Jiirgens, 1840; Genth, 
1842 (also in Dutch); Michelet, 1845 (also in English 
and German); Meurer, 1843-4(i .also in English); R. 
Ferguson, 1848; Xeudecker, 1850; Ratzeberger, 1850; 
Konig, 1853 (in English, 1854); .lander, 1853; Tho- 

den van Velzen. 1853; Woysley, 1856 1483. .1546 

Lutherburg, or Loutherbourg, Philip James. Fr. Painter 1740. .1812 

Luti, Benedict. Italian Painter 1666. .1724 

Luttrell, Henry. Poet. [Memoirs of Thomas Moore). . . — . .1851 
Liitzelburger, Hans. Hans Frank. Swiss Wood Engrav. fl. 16th c. 
Liitzow, Louis Adolphus William, Baron. Prussian Gen. 1782. .1834 

Liitzow, Theresa von. German Authoress 1804. . 1852 

Luxembourg, Francis Henry de Montmorenci Bouteville, 

Duke of 1628 . . 1695 

Luyken, John. Dutch Engraver 1649. .1712 

Luyts, John. Philosopher and Astronomer 1665 . .1721 

Luzae, John. Dutch Philologist and Publicist 1746. • 1807 

Lycon. Greek Peripatetic Philosopher 300 : \ 226 B.C. 

Lycophron. Greek Poet and Gram. ( Cassandra) . . fl. b.c. (285-47) 
Lycurgus. Spartan Lawgiver. Life by Dean Chetwood fl. b.c. 825? 

Lydgate, John. Poet 1375 ? . 1460? 

Lydiat, Thos. Chronol. & Math. {Emendatio Temporum) 1572.. 1646 

Lydus, Johannes Laurentius. Byzantine Writer 49 '- 560? 

Lye, Edward. Antiquary and Saxonist 1704. . 1767 

Lylye, or Lilly, John. Dramatist. (Euphues) 1553?. i6oi ? 

Lynch, Thomas. American Revolutionary Statesman . . . 1749. .1779 
Lynde, Sir Humphrey, M. p. Writer against Popery. 

( Via Tuta) 1579. .1636 

Lyndhurst, John Singleton Copley, Baron. Ld. Chanc. 1772. .1863 
Lyndsay, or Lindsay, Sir David. Poet. L. by Chalmers 1490. .1557' 
Lyndwode, or Lindwood. Ecclesiastical Lawyer. Bishop 

of St. David's — . . 1446 

Lynedoch, Thomas Graham, Lord. General 1750. .1843 

Lyon, George Francis, Captain b. n. Trav. and Explorer 1795 • • J %3 2 
Lyon, Mary. Amer. Educat. L. by Edw. Hitchcock, 1860 1 797 . . 1 849 

Lyon, Matthew. American Politician 1746. . 1822 

Lyon, Nathaniel. American General 1819. . 1861 

Lyonnet, Peter. Dutch Naturalist 1707. .1789 

Lyons, Edmund, Lord. Admiral 1790. ■ 1858 

Lyons, Israel. Hebrew Scholar — . . 1770 

Lyons, Israel, son. Botanist. Mathem. of Cambridge 1739. .1775 
Lyra, or Lyranus, Nicholas de. Biblical Commentator . . 1270?. 1340 

Lysander. Spartan General — B.c.395 

Lyserus, John. Lutheran Div. (PvlygamiaTriumphntrix) — ..1684 
Lyserus, Polycarp. Lutheran Divine. Commentator. .. 1552. .1601 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 259 

BORN. DIED. 

Lysias. Greek Orator 458.378B.C. 

Lysimachus. General of Alexander; King of Thrace 360?. 281 B.C. 

Lysippus. Greek Sculptor fl. ti. Alex. Gt. 

Lysons, Daniel, m. d., of Bath. Medical Writer — . . 1800 

Lysons, Rev. Daniel. Topographer. {Environs of London) 1760.. 1834 

Lysons, Samuel. Antiquary and Topographer 1763. • 1819 

Lyte, Henry. Botanist 1529 . . 1607 

Lyte, Rev. Henry Francis. Poet. (Spirit of the Psalms) — ..1847 
Lyttelton, Charles. Bishop of Carlisle. Antiquary. . . . 1714. .1768 
Lytteltcm, Edward, Baron Lyttelton of Mounslow. Lord 

Keeper I5 8 9- - l6 45 

Lyttelton, George, of Frankley, First Lord. {Henry II. ; 

Conversion of St. Paul.) Life by Phillimore, 1845. . . 1709. .1773 
Lyttelton, Sir Thomas, of Franklev. Judge. ( Tenures) 1421?. 1481 
Lyttelton, Thomas, 2d Lord; Subject of the Ghost Story — . .1779 
Lyttelton, William Henry, Baron Westcote. Governor of 

Jamaica — • • 1808 



260 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 



M. 

BORN. DIED. 

Maan, John. Fr. Hist, and Theol. (Ecchsia Turonensis) fl. 1667 

Maas, Dirk. Dutch Painter 1656. .1715 

Maas, or Maes, Nicholas. Dutch Painter 1632. . 1693 

Maat, Jan. Flemish Painter. See Blankoff 1628. . 1670 

Mabillon, John. Fr. Benedictine. L. by Ruinart, 1709 1632. .1707 
Mably, Gabriel Bonnot, Abbe de. Political Writer .... 1709. .1785 
Maboul, James. Fr. Bp. & Preach. ( Oraisons funebres) i65o' !> .i723 
Mabuse, or Maubeuge, John. Gussaert. Flein. Painter 1499. .1562? 

Macadam, John Loudon. Improver of Roads 1756. .1836 

Mac Ardell, James. English Mezzotint Engraver 1710?. 1765 

Macarius, St., of Alexandria. Anchorite and Writer. . 301 ? . 390 or 1 

Macarius, St., tht Younger, of Alexandria. Monk 3°4 ? - 4°4 ? 

Macarthur, Duncan. American Pioneer and Statesman 1772. .1840 
Macartney, Geo., E. of. Envoy. L. by Sir John Barrow 1737. . 1806 
Macaulay, Mrs. Catherine (Sawbridge). Historian .... 1733. .1791 
Macaulay, Thomas Babington, Lord. Historian. Life 

by Rev. F. Arnold, 1862 1800. . 1859 

Macaulay, Zachary. Slavery Abolitionist 1768. .1838 

Macauley, Elizabeth Wright. Actress and Preacher. . . 1785. .1837 

Macbeth. King of Scotland (1040-56) — . . 1056 

Macbride, David, m. d. Irish Phys. ( Tlieory $ Practice) 1726. .1778 
Maccabaeus, Judas. Jewish Patriot (b. c. 166-160) .... — B.C. 160 

Maccabaeus, Simon, brother. Jewish Patriot — B.c.135 

Mac Caul, Alexander, d. d. Divine and Hebraist. Life 

863 

843 
527 

73 2 

855 
807 
644 
777 



by J. B. M'Caul 1 799 . . 

Mac Cheyne, Rev. Robert Murray. Scottish Divine. . . 1813. . 
Maccbiavelli, Nicholas. Florentine Writ. (Del Principe) 1469.. 
Macclesfield, Thomas Parker, First Earl of. Ld. Chanc. 1666. . 
Maccord, David J. American Lawyer and Author .... 1797. . 

Mac Cormie, Charles. Historical Writer 1744- • 

Maccovius, or Makouski, John. Polish Protestant Div. 1588. . 

Maccrea, Jane. Killed by Indians — 

Mac Crie, Thomas, d. d. Historical Writer. Life by 

Thomas M'Crie, 1840 1772.. 

Mac Culloch, Benjamin. " Confederate " General 1814. . 

Mac Culloch, John. m. d. Geological Writer 1773- • 

Mac Culloch, John Ramsay. Statistican and Political 

Economist. (Dictionary of Commerce) 1789. . 

Macdiarmid, John. (Lives of British Statesmen) 1779- • 

Macdiarmid, John. Ed. of Dumfries Courier and Writer 1789?. 

Macdonald, Andrew. Scottish Dramatic Writer 1755 ? . 

Macdonald, Flora. Heroic Scottish Jacobite 1720. . 

Macdonald, James, m. d. Amer. Phys. and Med. Writer 1803. . 

Macdonald, John, Colonel. Military Writer i/59- • 

Macdonald, Stephen James Joseph Alexander. Duke of 

Taranto. Marshal of France 1765 . . 

Macdonough, Thomas. American Naval Officer 1784. . 

Macdougal, Alexander. Amer. Revolutionary Officer. 1750?. 

Macduffie, George. American Statesman 1788?. 

Mace, Francis. Biblical Writer 1640?. 



835 
862 

835 



808 
852 
790 
790 



825 
786 
851 
721 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 261 

BORN. DTED. 

Mace, Thomas. Musician. (Musik's Monument) 1613. .1709 

Macedo, Francis de. Portuguese Scholar J596. • 168 1 

Macedo, Joseph Augustine de. Portuguese Poet i770 ? .i83i 

Macfarlane, Charles. Writer — . . 1858 

Macfarlane, Duncan, d. d. Principal of Glasgow Univ. 1771?. 1858 
Macfarlane, Robert. Political Writer. (Reign of George 

III.) Life by G. Lawson, 1802 I 734- • ^°4 

Macgillivray, Alexander. Chief of Creek Indians 1740'. 1793 

Maegillivray, William, ll. d. Naturalist 1796. . 1852 

Macgregor, John. British Statistician and Politician . . 1797. .1857 

Macgregor Campbell, Robert.. Rob Roy, q.v i66o ? .i735 ? 

Machault, James de. Writer on Jesuit Missions & Travels 1599. .1680 
Machault, John de. Fr. Jesuit. Annotator of Thuanus 1561. .1619 

Machault, John Baptist. French Jesuit. Writer 1591 . . 1640 

Machault d'Arnouville, John Baptist. Financier .... 1701 . .1794 

Machiavelli, Nicholas. See Macchiavelli 1469. .1527 

Machin, John. Gresham Professor of Astronomy — --1751 

Mac Intosh, John. American Revolutionary Soldier. . . — . .1826 
Mac Intosh, Lachlan. American Revolutionary Soldier 1727. .1806 
Mack von Leiberich, Charles, Baron. Austrian General 1752. . 1828 

Mackay, Andrew, ll. d. Mathematician — . . 1809 

Mackean, Thomas. American Jurist and Statesman. . . 1734. .1817 

Mackeever, Isaac. American Naval Officer T 793- • 1856 

Mackendree, Rev. William. Bishop 1757. .1835 

Mackenzie, Sir Alexander. Explorer in North America 1760. . 1820 
Mackenzie, Alex. Slidell. Amer. Naval Officer & Writer 1803. . 1848 
Mackenzie, Charles Frazer. Missionary Bishop in Af- 
rica. Life by Dean Goodwin 1825 . . 1862 

Mackenzie, Sir George. Legal and Historical Writer. . 1636. .1691 
Mackenzie, Geo., 1st. E. of Cromarty. Statesman & Hist. 1631?. 1714 
Mackenzie, George, m. d. (Lives of Scottish Writers).. 18th c. 
Mackenzie, Henry. Essayist & Nov. (Man of Feeling) 1745 • • I ^3 I 
Mackenzie, William Lyon. Canadian Journalist & Polit. 1794. . 1861 
Mackey, John. Writer & Polit. (Court of St. Germains) — ..1726 
Mackinnon, Daniel, Col. ( History of Coldstream Guards) 1791 . . 1836 
Mackintosh, Sir James. Historian. Life by Mackintosh 1765.. 1832 
Macklin, Charles. Actor and Dramatist. Life by Kirk- 
man, 1799; William Cooke 1690. .1797 

Macknight, James, d. d. Scottish Commentator 1721 . . 1800 

Maclaine, Archibald. (Letters to Soame Jenyns) .. 1722.. 1804 

Maclane, Louis. American Statesman 1786. . 1857 

Maclaurin, Colin. Mathem. and Philosopher. L.bvself 1698.. 1746 
Maclaurin, John, son. Ld. Dreghorn. Scot. Judge & Writ. 1734. . 1796 
Maclean, John, ll. d. American Jurist and Statesman 1785. .1861 
Maclean, Mrs. Lctitia Elizabeth, nee Landon, which see. . 1802. .1838 

Macleay, William Sharp. Botanist and Zoologist 1793?. 1865 

Macleod, Alexander, r>. D. American Writer 1774. . 1833 

Macleod, John, M. D. Naval Surg. ( Voyage of the Alceste) 1782.. 1820 

Maclure, William. American Ceologist 1763.. 1840 

Macnab, Sir Alan Napier. Canadian Statesman 1798. • 1862 

Macnaghten, Sir William. Envoy ; assassinated at Cabul — . . 1841 

Macnally, Leonard. Lawyer and Dramatist 175 2 - 1820 

Macneil, John. American General i7$4- . 1850 

Macneill, Hector. Scottish Poet 1746. . 1S18 



262 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Macnevin, William James. American Writer & Scientist 1763. .1841 

Macnichol, Rev. Dr. Donald. Celtic Antiquary 1735 . .1802 

Macnish, Kobert, m. d. and ll. d. {Philosophy of Sleep) 1802. . 1837 
Macomb, Alexander. American Military Commander. . 1782. .1841 
Macon, Nathaniel. American Politician and Legislator 1757. .1837 
Maepherson, David. Commercial Writer. {Annals of 

Commerce ) — .. — 

Maepherson, Jas. Poet and Hist. Writ. {Ossian's Poems) 1738.. 1796 
Mac Pherson, James Birdseye. American General. . . . 1828. .1864 

Macquer, Peter Joseph. French Chemist 1718. .1784 

Macquer, Philip, brother. Historical Writer 1720. .1770 

Macret, Charles Francis Adrian. French Engraver .... 1750. .1783 
Macrianus. Pretender to the Roman Empire (260-62)". . — . . 262 
M'Crie, Dr. Thomas. Scottish Divine and Historian.. 1772.. 1835 
Macrinus. Roman Emperor (217, April — June, 218)... — .. 218 

Macrinus, Charles. Poet — •• I 57 2 

Macrinus, or Salmon, John. French Horace. Latin Poet 1490. .1557 
Macrobius. Grammarian ti. Theodosius 



Madach, Emerich. Hungarian Poet — 

Madan, Rev. Martin. Preacher & Writer. ( Thelyphthora) 1726. . 

Madan, Spencer. Bishop of Peterborough — 

Madden, Samuel, d. d., of Dublin. Writer and Benefac- 
tor, t Memoirs of the Twentieth Century) 1687. . 

Maddersteg, Michael. Dutch Painter 1 ^>S9' ' • 

Maddox, Isaac. Bishop of Worcester. Writer 1697. . 

Maderno, Charles. Italian Architect 1556. . 

Maderno, Stephen. Italian Sculptor 1576. . 

Madison, James. Fourth President of the United States 1751. . 

Madox, Thomas. Legal Antiquary. {Hist, of Exchequer) — .. 

Madrazo, Joseph y Aguda. Spanish Painter 1781 . . 

Maecenas, C Cilnfus. Rom. Statesman. Patron of Letters 73 ''■ . 8 

Maerlant, Jacob. Dutch Poet 1235 ? . 

Maes, or Maas. Nicholas. Dutch Painter 1632. . 

Maestlin, Michael. German Astronomer 1550. . 

Maffei, Bernardin. Card. Writ, on Cicero, Medals, Inscrip. 1513. . 

Maffei, Francis Scipio, Marquis. Antiq. ( Verona Illustrata) 1675 . . 

Maffei, John Peter. Jesuit. {L. of Loyola; Hist, of Indies) 1536. . 

Maff ei, or Maffseus, Vegio. Latin Poet. {Epigrams.) 

Life bj' J. H. Meibomius, 1653 1406. . 

Maffitt, Rev. John Newland. Writer. Life by self ... . 1794.. 

Magalhaens, or Magellan, Ferd. de. Port. Navigator 1470?. 

Magalhaens, John Hyacinth de. Port. Nat. Philosopher 1723. . 

Magalotti, Lawrence, Count. Philosopher and Mathem. 1637. . 

Maganza, John Baptist, of Vicenza. Historical Painter 1577. . 

Magati, or Magatus, Caesar. Italian Surgeon 1579. . 

Magee, William. Archbp. of Dublin. ( The Atonement) 1765 . . 

Magellan, or Magalhaens, Ferd. de. Port. Navigator. . 1470?. 

Magendie, Francis. French Physician and Physiologist 1783. . 

Mageoghegan, James. {History of Ireland) 1702 . . 

Maggi, Charles Mary. Italian Poet 1630. . 

Maggi, or Magius, Jerome. Venetian Engineer — 

Magini, or Maginus, John Anthony. Math, and Astron. 1555. . 

Maginn, William, ll. d. Writer *793- • 

Magistris, Hyacinth de. Italian Missionary to India. . . 1605. . 



864 
790 
813 

765 
709 

759 
629 
636 
836 

735 ? 
859 

B.C. 

300 

693 
631 

553 
755 
603 

458 
850 
521 
790 
712 
617 
647 

831 
521 

855 
764 
699 
572 
617 
842 
666 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 263 

BORN. DIED. 

Magistris, Simon de. Italian Orientalist 1 728 . . 1802 

Magliabecchi, Anthony, of Florence. Librarian 1633. . 1714 

Magnan, Dominic. Numismatist. [Ville de Rome) 1 731.. 1796 

Magnentius. Roman Emperor (350-53) — . . 353 

Magni, Valerian. Italian Missionary in North Europe. . . 1 5 S6 ? . 166 1 

Magnol, Peter. French Botanist 1638. .1715 

Magnon, John. French Poet — . . 1662 

Magnus, Albertus. Schoolman. Life by Flaminio 1193'-. 1280 

Magnus, John. Archbp. of Upsal. {Jlisloria Gothorum) 1488. .1554 
Magnus, ( Haus, brother. ( De Gentibus Septent/rionalUms) — ..1568 

Magnusson, Finnur. Icelandic Archaeologist 1781 . . 1847 

Malinioud. Sultan of Ghizni (997-1030) 967. . 1030 

Mahmoud I. Sultan of Turkey (1730-54) 1696. .1754 

Mahmoud II. (1808-39) ". 1785 .. 1839 

Mahoniet. Arabian Prophet. Life by Abulfeda; Maracci; 
Savary; Sale; Dean Prideaux; Boulainvilliers; D'Her- 
belot; John Gagnier, 1748; Godfrey Higgins, 1829; 
Bush, 1832; Hammer-Purgstall, 1837; Weil, 1843; A. 
Sprenger, 1851; W. Irving, 1852; W. Muir, 1858; Ar- 
nold, 1859; Daniel Larroque; Michael Baudier; F. H. 

Turpin 570 or 1 .632 

Mahoniet I. Sultan of the Turks ( 1413-21 ) i374 ? • *4 21 

Mahomet II. (1451-81.) The Great. Conqueror of 

Constantinople. Life by Guillet 1430 . . 1481 

Mahoniet III. (1595-1603) 1564.. 1603 

Mahoniet IV. (1G49-87) ; defeated by Sobieski 1642. . 1691 

Mahoniet V., or Mahmoud. I. (1730-54) 1696. .1754 

Mahoniet VI., or Mahmoud II. (1808-39) 1785. .1839 

Mahudel, Nich. Fr. Antiq. (Monnaies antiq. d'Fspagne) 1673.. 1747 
Mai, Angelo. Cardinal. Papal Librarian and Scholar. . 1782.. 1854 

Maiano, Benedict da. Sculptor and Architect J 4 2 4- • J 49^ 

Maiano, Julian da. Italian Sculptor and Architect. . . . 1387. aft. 1470 
Maier, Michael. German Alchemist and Rosicrusian . . 1568.. 1662 
Maignan, Emanuel. Mathem. (De Perspectivd Hovaria) 1601..1676 
Maigrot, Charles. Fr. Miss, to China. {De Sinicd Relig.) 1652. .1730 

Maikoff, Basil Ivanoviteh. Russian Poet 1725 . .1778 

Mailath, John Nepomuk Joseph. Hung. Poet & Historian 1786. . 1855 
Mailla, or Maillac, Joseph Anne Mary de Moyrac de. Jes- 
uit Missionary to China 1670. .1748 

Maillard, Oliver. French Cordelier. Preacher — . .1502 

Maille, Urban de, Marquis de Breze. Marshal of France 1597?. 1650 

Maille de Breze, Simon de. Tridentine Diyine 1515 . .1597 

Maillebois, J. Bapt. Desmarets, Mqs. of. Marshal of Fr. 16S2. . 1762 
Maillet, Benedict de. Fr.Trayeler & Diplom. (Telllamed) 1656.. 1738 

Mailly, John Baptist. Historian 1744- • *794 

Mainibourg, Louis. Historian 1610 . . 1686 

Maimonides, Moses. Rabbi 1 131 ? . 1204 

Maine de Biran, Francis Peter Gouthier. Fr. Metaphys. 1766. .1824 
Mainfroy, or Manfred, son of Emperor Frederick II. 

Prince of Tarentum, King of Naples and Sicily 12 33- -1266 

Maino, Jason del. Italian Jurist 1435- -^^ 

Maintenon, Frances d'Aubigne, Madame de. Life by 

La Beaumelle 1635 . .1719 

MainviHe, Peter. French Politician 1765 . .1792 



2G4 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Mainzer, Dr. Joseph. Musical Composer 1801 . . 185 1 

Mair, or Major. John. Scottish Divine & Hist, in France 1469. .1550' 
Mairan, John James d'Ortous de. Natural Philosopher 1678. .1771 

Maire, James le. Dutch Navigator — , . 1616 

Maire, John le. French Poet 1473. 1524 or 48 

Maire, — le, of Lyons. Medical Writer — . .1787 

Mairet, John. French Dramatic Writer. (Sophonisbe) 1604. .1686 
Maistre, Anthony le. Lawyer and Divine of Port Royal 1608. . 1658 
Maistre, Joseph, Count de. Ital. Statesman and Author 1753. .1821 

Maistre, Louis Isaac le. Sacy. Jansenist 1613..1684 

Maistre, Xuvier de. French Novelist 1763. .1852 

Maitland, Sir Frederick Lewis. Rear Admiral x 799- -1839 

Maitland, John, Lord. Chancellor of Scot. Latin Poet 1537?. 1595 

Maitland, John, Duke of Lauderdale. Statesman 1616. .1682 

Maitland, Sir Richard, Lord Lethington. Poet and Col- 
lector of Poems 1496. .1586 

Maitland, Win. Topographical Hist. (Hist, of London) 1693?. 1757 
Maittaire, Mich. Philol. & Bibliog. (Annates Topograph.) 1668.. 1747 

Maius, or May, John Henry. Lutheran Divine 1653. .1719 

Maizeroi, Paul Gideon Joly de. Fr. Officer & Tactician 1719. .1780 

Majo, Francis, or Ciccio di. Musical Composer 1745 • • I 774 

Major, or Mair, John. Scotch Divine and Hist, in France 1469. .1550? 

Major, John Daniel. Physician and Naturalist J &34- ■ J 693 

Majoragius, Mark Anthony, of Milan. Class. Comment. 1514. -1555 

Majorianus. Roman Emperor (457-61) — . . 461 

Mako, Paul. Hungarian Jesuit. Promoter of Learning 1723. .1793 
Makouski, or Maecovius, John. Polish Protestant Divine 1588 . 1644 
Makrizi, Ahmed al. Arabic Historical Writer at Cairo 1360'. 1442 

Malachi. Hebrew Prophet fl. 5th c. b.c. 

Malagrida, Gabriel. Ital. Jesuit Miss, to Portugal ; burnt 1689. . 1761 
Malan, Abraham Henry Caesar, d. d. Swiss Theologian 

and Author 1787. .1864 

Malapert, Charles. Poet and Mathematician 1581 . . 1630 

Malatesti, Anthony. Florentine Poet — . . 1672 

Malaval, Francis, of Marseilles. Mystic. (Lives of Saints) 1627?. 1719 

Malbone, Edward G. American Portrait Painter 1777 . . 1807 

Malcolm I. King of Scotland (944-52) — . . 952 

Malcolm II. (1003-33) 953 ? -i°33 

Malcolm III. Canmore. (1057-93), son of Duncan.. — --1093 

MalcolmlV. (1153-65) — ..1165 

Malcolm, James Peller. Artist and Antiquary. (Lon- 

dinium Redivivum) 1760?. 1815 

Malcolm, Sir John. Diplomatist and Writer on India. 

Life by Kaye, 1856 1769 . . 1833 

Malczewski, or Malczeski, Anthony. Polish Poet 1792^. 1826 

Maldonatus, John. Spanish Jesuit. Commentator.... 1534. 1583 
Malebranche, Nicholas. Philosopher. Life by Adry. . 1638. .1715 
Malek-Shah. Sultan of Seljukian Turks (1072-92)."... 1054.. 1092 
Malesherbes, Christian William de Lamoignon de. 

French Lawyer. Life by G. H. Gaillard, 1805.... 1721..1794 
Malezieu, Nicholas de. French Mathematician and Poet 1650. .1727 

Malfillastre, James Charles Louis. French Poet i73 2 - • *7&7 

Malherbe, Francis de. French Poet 1555 ? . 1628 

Malibran de Beriot, Maria Felicitas. Vocalist 1808. . 1836 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 2G5 

BORN. DIED. 

Malingre, Claude. French Historian. (Dignites ffono- 

raires de France) 1580?. 1653? 

Mallary, Rollin Carlos. Amer. Lawyer and Statesman. 1784. .1831 
Mallemans, Claude. Fr. Writ. ( V Ouvragede la Creation) 1653. . 1723 

Mallemans, .John, brother. (Histoire del Eglise) 1649. .1740 

Mallet, or Malloch, David. Poet & Miscellaneous Writer 1700'. 1765 
Mallet, Paul Henry. Swiss Historian and Antiquary . . 1730. .1807 
Mallet du Pan, Jas. Swiss Publicist. ( Mercure Britann. ) 1 749 . .1800 
Mallet Favre, James Andrew, of Geneva. Mathem. . . 1740. .1790 

Mallett, Edmund, Abbe\ French Encyclopaedist i7 J 3- -1755 

Mallinkrott, Bernard, of Minister. Scholar — . . 1664 

Malmesbury, .lames Harris, First Earl of. Diplomatist 1746. .1820 

Malmesbury, William of. Historian 1095'. 1143? 

Malone, Edmond. Shakespearian Critic 1741 • . 1812 

Malouin, Paul Jas. Fr. Phys. {Solid and Fluid Bodies) 1701..1778 
Malpighi, Marcellus. Naturalist, Phys., and Anatomist 1628. .1694 

Maltby, Edward. Bishop of Durham 177°- • 1859 

Malte-brun, Conrad. Poet, Geogr. and Political Writer 1775. .1826 
Malthus, Rev. Thomas Robert. Writer on Population. 

Life by Bishop Otter 1766. .1834 

Malus, Stephen Louis. Fr. Physicist and Mil. Engineer 1775. .1812 
Malvasia, Chas. Caesar. (Hist, of the Painters of Bologna) 1616. . 1693 
Malvezzi, Virgilio, Marquis of. Spanish Statesman. 

Writer on Tacitus 1599- • ^54 

Malvoisine, or Mawmoisine,Wm. de. Bp. of St. Andrew's — . . 1238 
Mambrun, Peter. French Jesuit. Latin Poet. (Ec- 
logues ; Georgics) 1581 . . 1661 

Marnmeea, Julia. Mother of Alexander Severus — . . 235 

Mamun, Abul Abbas Abdallah. Seventh Abbaside Caliph 786.. 833 
Man, Cornelius de. Dutch Historical & Portrait Painter 1621 . .1706 

Manara, Prosper, Marquis of. Italian Poet 1714. . 1800 

Manardi, John, of Ferrara. Physician 1462. .1536 

Manasseh. King of Judah (b. c. 698-643) "jio' ! .643 B.C. 

Manby, Capt. Geo. Win. Invent, of Shipwreck Apparatus 1765. .1854 
Manchester, Chas. Montagu, 1st Duke of. Ambassador — . .1722 
Manchester, Sir Henry Montagu, 1st Earl of. Ld. Treas. — . . 1642 
Mancinelli, Anthony. Italian Poet and Orator. (Silva 

Vitce Siue) I45 2 - -1506? 

Manco Capac. Inca of Peru — . . 1 544 

Mandar, Theoph. Fr. Revolutionist. Poet & Polit. Writ. 1759.. 1S23 
Mandeville, Bernard de. Writer. (Fableof the Bees). . iGjo- . 1733 

Mandeville, Sir John. Traveler 1300?. 1372 

Manes. Philosopher 240 . . 274? 

Manetho. Egyptian Historian fl. B.C.323-2S5 

Manetti, Gianozzo. Florentine Orator and Scholar .... 1396. . 1459 

Manetti, Rutilio. Italian Painter 1571 . .1639 

Manetti, Xavier. Physician and Botanist of Florence. . 1723. .1785 
Manfred, or Mainfroy, son of Emperor Frederick II. 

Prince of Tarentum, King of Naples and Sicily l2 33- .1266 

Manfredi, Bartholomew. Italian Painter 1574. . 161 7 

Manfredi, Eustace. Ital. Astron. Life by J. P. Zanotti 1674. .1739 

Manfredi, Gabriel. Algebraist 16S1 . . 1 761 

Mangeart, Thos. (Introduction to the Science of Medals) 1695 . .1762 
Manget, John James, of Geneva. Medical Writer 1652. .1742 



266 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORX. DIED. 

Mangey, Rev. Thomas, D. d. Theological Writer 1684. .1755 

Manigault, Gabriel. American Merchant and Revolu- 
tionary Patriot 1704. .1781 

Manilius, MaPCus. Latin Poet. (Astronomica) ti. Augustus 

Manin, Daniel. Italian Patriot 1804. .1857 

Manley, John. American Naval Commander *734- • J 793 

Manley, Mary. Dramatic and Political Writer \6-]2 ! .1724 

Manlius Capitolinus, Marcus. Deliverer of the Capitol — B.c.384 

Mann, A. T. Flemish Antiquary and Physicist 1740''. aft. 1802 

Mann, Horace, ll. d. Amer. Educationist & Statesman 1796. .1859 

Mahna, John. Italian Scholar — . . 1865 

Manners, John, Marquis of Granby. Soldier 1721. .1770 

Mannert, Conrad. Historian and Geographer 1756. . 1834 

Manni, Dominic Mary. Italian Historian 1690. .1788 

Manning, .lames, D. D. Amer. Clergyman and Educator 1738. .1791 
Manning, Rev. Owen. Antiquary and Topographer . . . 1721. .1801 
Mannori, Louis. Fr. Advocate. (Memoirs and Pleadings) 1696.. 1777 
Mannozzi, John. Painter of Florence. See Giovanni . . 1590.. 1636 

Manny, Sir Walter. Warrior of Edward III — . .1372 

Mannyng, Robt. De Brune. Eng. Metrical Chronicler ti.Edw.I.& II. 

Manrique, George. Spanish Poet 1420'. 1485? 

Mansard, or Mansart, Francis. French Architect 1598. .1666 

Mansard, Jules Hardouin, nephew. Architect 1645 ■ • x 7°8 

Mansell, William Lort. Bishop of Bristol. Wit 1750''. 1820 

Mansfeld, Ernest, Count of. Anti-Austrian General. . . . 1585 . .1626 
Mansfeld, Peter Ernest, Ct. of. Ger. Statesman and Gen. 1517. . 1604 
Mansfield, William Murray, Earl of. Ld. Chief Justice 1705. .1793 
Mansi, John Dominic. Italian Bishop and Antiquary . . 1692. .1769 
Manso, John Baptist. Ital. Poet and Patron of Learning 1561 . . 1645 
Manstein, Christopher Herman de. Russian General. 

(Memoirs of Russia) 1711 . .1757 

Mant, Richard. Bishop of Down. Commentator 1776. .1848 

Mantegna, Andrew. Painter 143 1 . . 1506 

Mantell, Gideon Algernon, ll. d. Geologist i79°- • 1852 

Mantica, Francis. Italian Writer J 534- ■ 1614 

Manton, Dr. Thomas. Ejected Nonconformist Divine. . 1620. .1677 

Mantuan, Baptist. Italian Latin Poet 1448. .1516 

Mantuan, George. Ghisi. Ital. Painter and Engraver . 1520- .aft.1577 
Manuel I. Comnenus. Emperor of the East (1143-80) . . 1 120? . 1 180 

Manuel II. Palceologus. Emperor of the East 1349?. 1425 

Manuel, Francis. Portuguese Poet 1734- • 1819 

Manuel, James Anthony. French Politician 1775 . . 1827 

Manuel, Nicholas. Deutsch. Swiss Reform., Paint. & Poet 1484. .1530 
Manuel, Peter Louis. French Politician; guillotined .. 1 751.. 1793 

Manutius, or Manuzio, Aldus, the elder. Printer 1449. .1515 

Manutius, Aldus, junior. Printer and Writer 1547 . .1597 

Manutius, Paul. Printer and Latin Scholar 1511 . . 1574 

Manwood, Sir Roger. Chief Baron. Writ, on Forest Laws 1525 . .1593 
Manzo, or Manso (q. v.), J. Bapt., of Naples. (L. of Tasso) 1561 . . 1645 

Manzoli, John. Italian Singer — . .1791 

Manzolli. Palingenius Stelfatus. Latin Poet. (Zodia- 

cus Vitcs) fl. 1500? 

Manzuoli, Thomas. Da San Friano. Italian Painter. . 1536. .1575 
Mapes, James W. American Agricultural Writer — . . 1865 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 2G7 

BORN. DIED. 

Mapes, or Map, Walter. Eng. Poet and Prose Writ. ii5o ? .aftii96 

Maphseus, Vegius. Latin Poet. See Maffei 1406. .1458 

Mapletoit, Dr. John. Medical and Theological Writer. . 1631 . .1721 
Mar, John Erskine, Eleventh Earl of. Scottish Jacobite 1671 . .1732 

Mara, Madame Elizabeth. German Singer 1749- • l8 33 

Maracci, John. Italian Historical Painter 1637. .1704 

Maracci, Louis. Italian Orientalist; Editor of Koran . . 1612. .1700 

Marais, Marin. Musical Composer 1656. . 1728 

Maraldi, James Philip. Mathematician and Astronomer 1665 . . 1729 
Marana, John Paul. Italian Writer. ( Turkish Spy). . . 1642?. 1693 

Maranta, Bartholomew. Italian Botanist — • • x 554 

Marat, John Paul. French Revolutionist J 744- • T 793 

Maratti, Charles. Italian Painter 1625. .1713 

Marbach, John. Prot. Div. (Fides Jesus etJesuitarum) — ..1581 
Marbeck, Jolrh. Sacred Composer. (Lives of Saints) . . — .^.1585 

Marc Anthony. Engraver. See Raimondi 1475' • J 534 

Marca, Peter de. French Bishop. (De Concordia) 1594- - l662 

Marceau, Francis Severin Desgraviers. French General 1769. .1796 

Marcel. Painter of Frankfort 1628. . 1683 

Marcel, John Joseph. French Orientalist 1 77&- -*°5i 

Marcel, William. French Writer 1612- . 1702 

Marcel, William. Fr. Chronol. (Origin of Fr. Monarchy) 1647.. 1708 

Marcellinus. Bishop df Rome (296-304) .« — ■ • 3°4 

Marcellinus. Count of Illyria. Chronicler — . . 4 6 8 ? 

Marcellinus, Ammianus. Soldier and Historian .' — •• 39°" 

Marcello, Benedict. Italian Musical Composer 1686. .1739 

MarceUus I. Bishop of Rome (308-10) — • • 3 10 

Marcellus II. (1555) 1 S 01 ■ '555 

Marcellus, Donatus. Italian Physician fl. 16th e. 

Marcellus, Empiricus, of Bordeaux. Medical Writer . . — aft. 408 
Marcellus, Marcus Claudius. Conqueror of Syracuse . 270? . 208 B.C. 
Marcellus, M. Claudius, nephew of Augustus (.En. VI.) 43.23 B.C. 
Marcet, Alexander. Physician and Natural Philosopher 1770. . 1822 

Marcet, Mrs. Jane. Scientific Writer 1769- -1858 

Marchand, John Louis. French Organist 1669. .1732 

Marchand, Prosper. Bibliographer 1675 . . 1756 

Marchant, James, of Couvin. Divine — . . 1648 

Marche, Oliver de la. Burgundian Writer 1426?. 1502 

Marchetti, Alexander. Poet and Mathematician 1633. .1714 

Marchettis, Peter de. Italian Physician and Anatomist 1593.^. 1673 

Marehi, Francis. Italian Military Engineer 1506?. 1599 

Marchmont, Hugh Hume-Campbell, 3d Earl of. Polit. 1708.^.1794 

Marcianus. Roman Emperor of the East (450-57) 388- . 457 

Marcilius, Theodore. German Critic 1 54 s • • l6l 7 

Marcion. Heresiarch V? °" 

Marco Polo. Venetian Traveler 1256- .1323 

Marcus Aurelius Antoninus. Emperor (161-80) 121.. 180 

Marcy, William Learned. American Statesman 1786. .1857 

Mardonius. Persian General in Greece — B.c.479 

Mare, Nicholas de la. Magistrate. ( Traite de la Police) 1639. . 1723 

Mare, Philibert de la. Latin Historical Writer 161 5 . . 1687 

Mare, William de la. French Latin Poet • • . A. 1514 

Marechal, or Mareschal, Peter Silvan. (Diet, of Atheists) 1750. . 1803 
Marenzio, Luke. Italian Musical Composer i55°- • J 599 



268 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Marets, Roland des. Maresius. Fr. Advoc. (Latin Letters) 1594.. 1653 

Marets, Samuel de. Little Preacher. Prot. Controv. .. 1599. .1663 

Marets de Sorlin, John des. Anti-Jansenist 1595 . . 1676 

Margaret. Queen of Scotland, sister of Edgar Atheling ic^? .1093 

Margaret. Queen of Denmark, Sweden, and Norway. 

Stmiramis of the North 1353 . 

Margaret, of Anjou. Queen of Eng., wife of Henry VI. 1429. 

Margaret, of Austria. Governess of the Netherlands. . . 1480? 

Margaret, of France. Queen of England, wife of Ed- 
ward I. (1-299-1307) — . 

Margaret, of France, daughter of Hen. II. Qu. of Navarre 1552. 

Margaret, of Parma. Regent of Netherlands under 

Philip II. of Spain 1522. 

Margaret, of Provence. Queen of France, wife of Louis 

IX. (1234-70) 1221 

Margaret, of Valois- Angouleme. Sister of Francis I. 

Queen of Navarre T 49 2 - 

Margaret Beaufort, Countess of Richmond, mother of 

Henry VII 1441 . 

Margarita de l'Erpine, Frances. Singer — . 

Margaritone d'Arezzo. Italian Painter 1212. 

Marggraf, Andrew Sigismond. German Chemist 1709. 

Margon.Wm. Plantavit de la Pause, Abbe de. Hist. Writ. 1685' 

Margunio, Massineo. Greek Poet and Printer 1522?. 

Marheineke, Philip Conrad. German Theologian 1780. 

Maria Louisa. Empress of France 1791 . 

Maria Theresa, of Austria, wife of Louis XIV. of France 1638. 

Maria Theresa. Queen of Hungary and Empress of Ger. 171 7. 

Mariamne, wife of Herod the Great — b. 

Mariana, John de. Spanish Historian. [De Rege) .... 1536. 

Marianus Scotus. Scottish Monk and Chronicler 1028. 

Marie Antoinette. Queen of France. Life by Madame 

Guenard : E. and J. de Goncourt, 1859 ... " 1755 . 

Marie Louise, d'Orleans. Queen of Spain. Life bv 

Madame S. Gay, 1722-23 ". 1662. 

Mariette, Peter John. French Amateur in Art ^94 . 

Marignan, John James Medichino, Marquis de. Ital. Gen. 1497. 

Marigny, Francis Augier de. Fr. Orient. (Hist, des Arahes) — . 

Marigny, James Carpentier de. French Wit and Writer — . 

Marin, Michael Angelo. French Novelist 1697. 

Marinella, Lucretia. Venetian Poet. (Life of the Virgin) 15 71. 

Marini, John Baptist. II Cavaliere. Ital. Poet. (^0^)1569. 

Marino Falieri. Doge of Venice 1278 . 

Marinoni, John James. Mathematician and Astronomer 1676. 

Marinus I. Pope (882-84). See Martin II — . 

Marinus II. (942-46. ) See Martin III — . 

Mario Nuzzi, or de' Fiori. Painter of Flowers & Landsc. 1603. 

Marion, Francis. American Revolutionary Officer 1732. 

Mariotte, Edmund. Mathematician and Experim. Philos. — . 

Marischal, George Keith, Earl. Scottish Jacobite i668 ? . 

Marius, Caius. Roman Dictator 157.86 

Marius, Leonard. Dutch Theologian. (Pentateuch)... — 

Marivaux, Peter Carlet de Chamblain de. French Dram- 
atist and Novelist 168 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 269 

BORN. DIED. 

Marjorie, Pet Infant Genius. See Fleming 1803. . 181 1 

Mark, St. Evangelist 1st c. 

Mark. Bishop of Rome (336, Jan. 18-Oct. 7) — . . 336 

Markham, Gervase. Poet and Georgic Writer 1570?. 1655 7 

Markland, Abraham. Divine and Poet 1645 • • 1 7 20 

Markland, James Henry. Antiquary i/S7 : '. 1864 

Markland, Jeremiah. Critic J 693- .1776 

Marlborough, John Churchill, Duke of. Life by Lediard, 

173b' ; Life bv order of Napoleon I., 1808 ; Coxe, 1818 ; 

Bucke, 1839"; C. G. Simon, 1841; Alison, 1852 1650. .1722 

Marlborough, Sarah Jenuings, Duchess of. Life b} T C 

G. Simon, 1841 1660. .1744 

Marlorat, Augustine. Protestant Convert & Theologian 1506. .1562 

Marlowe, Christopher. Poet . 1564. .1593 

Marmion, Shakerley. Poet and Dramatist 1602. . 1639 

Marniorit, Augustus Frederick Louis Viesse de, Duke of 

Ragusa. Marshal of France 1774- .1852 

Marmontel, John Francis. French Writer i7 2 3- • i/99 

Marrdx, Philip van. Calvinist Writer and Diplomatist. 

Defender of Antwerp 1538. .1598 

Maro. Founder of the Maronites — - . 707 

Marolles, Michael de. Classical Scholar & Print Collector 1600. .1681 

Marot, Clement- French Poet 1495 . .1544 

Marot, Francis. French Painter 1667. . 1719 

Marot, John. French Poet 1463- • I5 2 3 

Marozia. Roman Beauty and Intriguer — . . 938 

Marpurg, Frederick William. German Musical Writer 171 8. .1795 

Marquard Freher. German Historian 1565 . . 1614 

Marquet, Francis Nicholas. Fr. Physician and Botanist 1687. .1759 
Marquette, James. Explorer of the Mississippi River. . . 1637. .1675 
Marraeci, Louis. Italian Orientalist. Editor of Koran 1612. .1700 

Marrast, Armand. French Political Writer 1802. . 1852 

Marrier, Martin, of Cluni. (Bibliotheca Churiacensis) . . . 1572. .1644 
Marryat, Frederick. Captain R. n. Naval Novelist. . . . 1792. .1848 
Mars, Anne Frances Hyppolyte Boutet. French Actress 1778. .1847 
Marsais, Ca?sar Chesneau du. French Grammarian .... 1676. .1756 

Marsden, Samuel. Apostle of New Zealand 1764- -1838 

Marsden, William, d. c. l. Orientalist and Antiquaiy. 1754. .1836 

Marsh, Herbert, d. d. Bishop of Peterborough 1 758 . . 1839 

Marsh, James. American Scholar i/94- • 1847 

Marsh, Narcissus. Archbishop of Armagh 1638. .1713 

Marsh, William, D. d. Divine 1775 . . 1864 

Marshal, Walter. Nonconformist Divine. (Sanctification) — ..1690? 
Marshall, John. American Chief Justice and Writer. 

(Life of Washington) 1755 . . 1S35 

Marshall, Nathaniel, d. d. Dean of Windsor. Divine — . .i7"3o ? 

Marshall, Thomas. Saxonist and Orientalist 1621 . . 1685 

Marshall, William Humphrey. Agricultural Writer . . . 1745 • -1818 

Marsham, Sir John. Historian and Chronologist 1602. .1685 

Marshman, James. American Missionary and Orientalist 1799. .1837 
Marshman, Joshua, D. D. Baptist Missionary in India. 

Life by John C. Marshman 1767?. 1S37 

Marsigli, Louis Ferdinand, Count. Italian Naturalist . . 1658. .1730 
Marsilius, of Padua. See Menandrino — . . 1328 



270 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

MarsoUier, James. French Historical "Writer 1647. .1724 

Marston, John. Dramatist — aft. 1633 

Marsy, Balthasar, of Cambray. Sculptor 1624. . 1674 

Marsy, Francis Maria de. Historical Writer 1714- .1763 

Marsy, Caspar. Sculptor 1628 . . 1681 

Martel, Charles. Mayor of the Palace. Duke of Austrasia 694.. 741 

Marteliere, Peter de la. French Advocate — . . 1631 

Martelli, Louis. Italian Poet. ( Tullia) 1499- • 1527 

Martelli, Peter James. Italian Poet and Writer 1665. .1727 

Martene, Edmund. Benedictine of St. Maur. Histori- 
cal Collector !654. .1739 

Martens, George Frederick von. German Diplomatist. . 1756.. 1821 

Martens, Thierry. Flemish Printer 1453?. 1534 

Martial. Roman Epigrammatist 43. . 104? 

Martial d'Auvergne. Fr. Poet. {Vigiles de Chas. VII.) 1440?. 1508 
Martianay, John. French Benedictine. Biblical Writer 1647. .1717 
Martignac, John Baptist Silvere Algay, Viscount de. 

French Statesman 1776. .1832 

Martignac, Stephen Algai, Sieur de. Class. Translator 1620 or 8. 1698 

Martiliere, Count de la. French Artillerist — . .1819 

Martin, St. Bp. of Tours (371-97). Life by N. Gervaise 316.. 397 
Martin. Missionary & Bishop in Sp. ( Collectio Canonum) — . . 583 

Martin I. Pope (649-55). Saint and Martyr — . . 655 

Martin II. (882-84), sometimes called Marinus I. — .. 884 

Martin III. (942-46), or Marinus II. — . . 946 

Martin IV. (1281-85.) Simon de Brie —..1285 

Martin V. (1417-31.) Otho Colunna 1368. . 1431 

Martin, of Poland. Chronicler. ( Chronicle of the Popes) — ..1278 

Martin, Benjamin. Mathematician and Optician i/04- .1782 

Martin, Bernard. French Advocate and Critic 1574. . 1639 

Martin, Claude. Colonel. Founder of La Martiniere Coll. 1732.. 1800 

Martin, David. French Protestant Divine 1 639. .1721 

Martin, Francis Xavier. American Jurist and Author. . 1764. .1846 

Martin, Gregory. Roman Catholic Writer — . .1582 

Martin, James, of St. Maur. Hist., Theol., Antiquary. . 1684. .1751 

Martin, John. Painter. ( The Last Judgment) 1789. .1854 

Martin, Louis Aime. French Writer and Critic 1782. . 1847 

Martin, Sarah. English Philanthropist 1791 . . 1843 

Martin, Thomas. Antiquary. {Monumenta Anglicana). 1697. .1771 
Martin, William. Naturalist. {Petrificata Derbiensia) 1767..1810 

Martin, W. C. L. Writer on Natural History 1798?. 1864 

Martindale, Adam. Nonconformist Divine and Mathem. — ..1700 
Martine, George. Medical and Philosophical Writer. . . 1702. .1743 
Martineau, Isaac. Jesuit, of Angers. Devotional Writer 1640 . . 1 720 
Martini, John Bapt. Padre. Comp. {Stor.della Musica) 1706. .1784 

Martini, Joseph San. Italian Musical Composer — . .1750 

Martini, Martin. Jesuit Missionary to China 1614. . 1661 

Martini, Vincent, of Madrid. Musical Composer 1754- • 1810 

Martiniere, Anthony Augustus Bruzen de la. Historical 

and Geographical Writer 1684. .1749 

Martinius, Matthias. German Prot. Divine and Philol. 1572. .1630 

Martino, Simon di. Memmi. Italian Painter 1284. . 1344 

Martirelli. Italian Landscape Painter. 1670. .1720 

Martos, Ivan Petrovitch. Russian Sculptor 1755?. x ^35 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 271 

BORN. DIED. 

Martyn, Henry. Lawyer. Writer in the Spectator .... — . .1721 
Martyn, Rev. Henry. Missionary. L. by Sargent, 181!) 1781. .1812 
Martyn, John. Botanist. Translator of the Georgics. . . 1699.. 1768 
Martyn, Thos. Antiq. and Nat. {PlantceCantabrigienses) 1735.. 1825 

Martyr, .Justin. Christian Apologist. 103'. 167? 

Martyr, Peter. Ital. Diplomatist. {De Rebus Hispanicis) 1455.. 1526 

Martyr, Peter. Protestant Reformer 1500. . 1562 

Marucelli, John Stephen. Italian Painter 1586. . 1646 

Marullus, Michael Tarchaniotes. Greek Scholar in Italy — ..1500 

Marvell, Andrew. Political Writer 1620. . 1678 

Marville, Vigneul de. See Argonne 1640 '• . 1704 

Mary I. Queen of England 1516. .1558 

Mary II. Queen of England. Life by Dr. Jebb 1662. .1694 

Mary. Queen of Hungary, sister of Emperor Charles V., 

Governess of the Low Countries (1531-55) — . . 1558 

Mary, of Anjou, wife of Charles VII. of France 1404. . 1463 

Mary, Heiress of Burgundy. Wife of Maximilian 1457. . 1482 

Mary, of Cleves, Princess of Conde 1556. .1574 

Mary, of England, daughter of Henry VII x 497- • I 534 

Mary, de' Medici. Queen of Henry IV. of France. Life 

by Miss Pardoe 1573. . 1642 

Mary Beatrix, d'Este, wife of James II. of England. . . . 1658. .1718 
Mary Stuart. Queen of Scots. Life by Dr. Samuel Jebb, 

1725; F. M. de Marsy; Miss Benger, 1823; G. Conei, 

or Cowne; Bell, 1831; Buckingham, 1844; Mignet. 



1854; Ryan, 1857 1542. . 

Masaccio. Tommaso Guidi. Painter 1402?. 

Masaniello. Tommaso Anniello. Neapol. Revolutionist 1623. . 

Mascagni, Paul. Italian Anatomist 1752. . 

Mascardi, Augustin. Italian Writer. {DelV Arte Istorica) 1591.. 
Mascaron, Julius. French Preacher. {Funeral Orations) 1634.. 
Mascheroni, Lawrence. Math. (Geometriadel Compasso) 1750.. 
Masclef, Francis. French Theologian and Orientalist . . 1662. . 
Mascov, or Mascou, John James. German Publicist . . . 1689. . 

Mascrier, John Baptist de. Abbe. Writer ^97 . • 

Masdeu, John Francis. Spanish Jesuit. {Historia Critica 

de Espaiia) 1 740 . . 

Masenius, or Masen, James. German Jesuit 1606. . 

Maseres, Francis. Baron of Exch. Writer and Mathem. 1731.. 

Masham, Mrs. Abigail. Favorite of Queen Anne 1670?. 

Masharn, Damaris, Lady. Scholar 1658. . 

Masi, Simon, or del Pollajuolo, which see *454- • 

Masinissa. King of Numidia 239. 149 

Masius, Andrew. Dutch Philologist and Theologian . . . 1526. . 

Maskeleyne, Xevil. Astronomer 1732. . 

Masolino da Panicale. Italian Painter i378 ? . 

Mason, Francis. Divine. ( Vindic'ue Ecclesice Anglicancc) 1566. . 

Mason, George. American Statesman 1726. . 

Mason, George. Miscellaneous Writer 1735 • • 

Mason, Jeremiah. American Jurist and Statesman 1768. . 

Mason, Sir John. Statesman 1500. . 

Mason, John. Military Officer of Connecticut Colony . . 1600. . 
Mason, .John. Nonconformist Divine. {Self- Knowledge) 1706.. 
Mason, John Mitchell, d. d. American Divine 1770. . 



587 
443 
046 
815 
640 

703 
800 
728 
762 
760 

817 
681 
824 

734 
708 
509 

B.C. 

573 
811 

4i5 ? 

621 

792 

806 

848 

566 

672 

763 
829 



272 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Mason, Rev. "William. Poet and Divine 1725 . .1797 

Masoudi, Aboul Hassan Ali. Arab. Geogr. & Historian — . . 956? 
Masque de Fer, or Iron Mask. Unknown Prisoner. ... — . .1703 

Massac, John Baptist. French Painter 1687. .1767 

Massari, Lucio. Historical Painter 1569'. 1633 

Massaria, Alexander. Italian Phys. (Practica Medico) 1528?. 1598 

Massasoit. Indian Sachem — . . 1661 

Massena, Andre, Duke of Rivoli. French Marshal 1758 . . 1817 

Masseville, Louis de Vavasseur de. {History and Geog- 
raphy of Normandy) 1667 . . 1 733 

Massieu, John. Deaf' Mute and Educator 1772. . 1846 

Massieu, Wm. Fr. Jesuit. (Hist, de la Poesie Francoise) 1665. .1722 

Massillon, John Baptist. French Preacher 1663. .1742 

Massinger, Philip. Dramatic Poet 1584. . 1640 

Massolino. Italian Painter. See Masolino 1378?. 141 5? 

Masson, Anthony. French Engraver 1636. .1700 

Masson, Francis. Scottish Botanist 1741 . . 1805 

Masson, John. Fr. Prot. in Holland. Biogr. and Critic — -.i75o ? 

Masson, John Papirius. French Historical Writer 1544. .1611 

Massuet, Rene". Benedictine of St. Maur 1665 . . 17 16 

Mastelleta, II. John Andrew Donducci. Painter 1575 . .1655 

Master, or Masters, Thomas. Poet and Historian 1600. . 1643 

Masters, Joseph. London Publisher 1795?. I ^3 

Mastlin, or Maestlin, Michael. German Astronomer ... 1550. . 163 1 

Masudi. Arabian Scholar and Author — . . 956 

Matani, Anthony Mary. Italian Medical Writer 1730- ■ i/99 

Maternus de Cilano, George Christian. Natural Phi- 
losopher and Archaeologist — . . 1 773 

Matham, Jacob. Dutch Engraver and Painter 1571..1631 

Mather, Dr. Cotton. Divine. ( Magnolia) 1663. .1728 

Mather, Increase, d. d. American Divine and Historian 1639. .1723 
Mathew, Theobald. Apostle of Temperance. Life by 

J. F. Maguire, 1863 1790. .1856 

Mathews, Charles. Comedian 1776. . 1835 

Mathews, George. American Jurist 1774- • 1836 

Mathias. Emperor of Germany (1612-19) 1557 . .1619 

Mathias, Christian. Ger.Philos.'&Div. (Hist. Patriarch.) 1584?. 1655 
Mathias, Thomas James. Satirist. (Pursuits of Lit). . 175 7.. 1835 
Mathon de la Cour, Charles Joseph. French Writer . . 1738. .1793 
Mathon de la Cour, James, of Lyons. Natural Philos. 1712. .1770 
Matilda, of Flanders. Wife of William the Conqueror — ..1083 

Matilda, Countess of Tuscanv 1046 . .1115 

Matilda, or Maude, of Scot. Wife of Henry I. of Eng. — . .1118 

Matilda, or Maud, daughter of Henry I. Empress iio2 ? .ii67 

Matsys, Metsys, or Messys, Quintin. * Dutch Painter. . . 1460. .1529 

Mattathias. "Jewish Priest and Patriot — B.C. 166 

Mattei, Paul da. Paoluccio. Neapolitan Painter 1662.. 1728 

Mattheson, John. German Musical Composer ." 1681 . .1764 

Matthew, St. One of the Twelve Apostles 1st c. 

Matthew of 'Westminster. English Historian fl. 14th c. 

Matthew Paris. English Historian — . . 1259 

Matthew, Tobias. Archbishop of York !546. • 1628 

Matthew, Sir Tobias, son. Writer; conformed to Rome 1578. .1655 
Matthews, George. American Soldier and Statesman. . 1739. .1812 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 273 

BORN. DIED. 

Matthews, Thomas. Admiral 1681 . .1751 

Matthiae, Augustus Henry. Philologist. {Greek Gram.) 1769. .1835 
Matthias. Emperor of Germany (1612-19). See Mathias 1557.. 1619 
Matthias. Robert Matthews. Amer. Religious Impostor 1790''. 18 

Matthias Corvinus. King of Hungary (1458-90) *443- • I 49°; 

Matthieu, Peter. French Historian and Poet 1563. .1621 

Matthiolus, Peter Andrew. Ital. Bot. {On Dioscorides) 1500.. 1577 
Matthisson, Frederick von. German Poet. {Adelaide) 1 761 . .1831 

Matti, Emanuel. Spanish Poet 1663. .1737 

Mattocks, Isabella. Actress 1746. . 1826 

Maturin, Rev. (has. Robt. Irish Dram., Poet, and Nov. 1782. . 1824 

Maturino. Florentine Painter 1490?. 1527? 

Maty, Matthew. Dutch Physician and AVriter in English 1718. .1776 

Maty, Paul Henry, son. Writer in England 1745 • - l 7&7 

Maueroix, Francis de. French Translator 1619. .1708 

Maudslay, Henry. Mechanist 1771 • • 1831 

Maudslay, Thomas Henry. Mechanical Engineer 1792?. 1864 

Mauduit, Israel. English Political Writer 1708. .1787 

Mauduit, Michael. French Divine 1644. .1709 

Maunder, Samuel. Compiler. {Biographical Treasury) 1790?. 1849 

Maundrell, Rev. Henry. Traveler 1650''. 1710? 

Maupertuis, Peter Louis Moreau de. French Geometri- 
cian and Astronomer 1698 . . 1 759 

Maupin, Madame la. French Singer and Adventuress . . 1673. .1707 

Maur, St. Disciple of Benedict — . . 584? 

Maur, Charles de. Spanish Mathematician and Engineer — -.1785 
Maure, Mademoiselle Catherine Nicole le. Singer. . . . 1704. aft. 1762 
Maurepas, John Fred. Phelypeaux, Ct. de. Statesman 1701. .1781 

Maurice. Emperor of the East (582-602) 539. . 602 

Maurice. Elector of Saxony. Protestant Prince 1521. .1553 

Maurice of Nassau, Prince of Orange, son of William 

the Silent. Lite by Isaac Commelin, 1651. 1567. .1625 

Maurice, Thomas. Orientalist. {History of Hindostan; 

Memoirs ; Poems) J 754- ■ ^ 2 4 

Mauriceau, Francis. Surgeon and Accoucheur — . .1709 

Maurolico, Francis, of Messina. Mathematician x 494- - 1 575 

Maurus Terentianus. Latin Poet and Grammarian. . . fl. ioo ? 

Maury, John Siffrein. Cardinal 1746- . 1817 

Maussac, Philip James. French Critic I 59° ? • ^5° 

Mauvillon, James. German Writer 1743. • I 794 

Mavor, Rev. William, ll. d. Writer and Compiler 1758. .1837 

Mawe, John. Conchologist. ( Travels in Brazil) 1764. ■ 1829 

Mawmoisine, or Malvoisine,Wm. de. Bp. of St. Andrew's — . .1238 

Maxcy, Jonathan, r>. D. American Divine 1768. . 1S20 

Maxentius. Roman Emperor (306-12) — .. 312 

Maximian I. Roman Emperor (286-305) 250. . 310 

Maximian II., or Galerius. Roman Emperor (305-11). . — .. 311 

Maximilian I. Emperor of Germany (1493-1519) 1459- •^S'S 

Maximilian II. (1564-76) 1527.. 1576 

Maximilian H. King of Bavaria (1848-64) 1811. .1S64 

Maximilian, Duke of Bavaria. Great. Victor of Prague 1573. .1651 

Maximilian Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria 1662. .1726 

Maximilian Joseph, Elector of Bavaria (1746-77) — . .1777 

Maximilian Joseph, First King of Bavaria 1756. .1S25 

18 



274 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORX. DIED. 

Maximin I. Roman Emperor (235-38) — .. 238 

Maximin II. Roman Emperor (308-13) — . . 313 

Maximus Magnus Clemens. Rom. Emperor (383-88) — . . 388'' 

Maximus Petronius. Roman Emperor (455) 395 ? • 455 

Maximus Tyrius. Greek Rhetorician and Philosopher rl. 2d c. 
Maximus Verrucosus, Quintus Fabius. Cunctator. Ro- 
man General against Hannibal — B.C. 203 

Maxwell, Sir Murray, Captain, r. k. Navigator 1766. .1831 

Maxwell, Robert, Lord. Scottish Statesman — . . 1546 

Maxwell, Win. Hamilton. Writer. {Life of Wellington) 1795 • • lS 5 T 

May, John. Bishop of Carlisle — . . 1 598 

May, Louis du. French Protestant Historian — . .1681 

May, Thomas. Poet and Historian. {Supplement to Lu- 

can ; History of Parliament) I594 ? . 1650 

May, William. Archbishop elect of York — ..1560 

Mayenne, Chas. of Lorraine, Duke of. Head of League 1554. .1611 
Mayer, John Fred. Lutheran Divine and Commentator 1650. .1712 

Mayer, or Mavr, John Simon. Musical Composer 1763?. 1845 

Mayer, John Tobias. German Astronomer 1723. .1762 

Mayerne, Sir Theodore Turquet de. Swiss Physician 

and Chemist 1573- -1655 

Mayhe w, Jonathan, d. d. Amer. Clergyman and Writer 1 720 . . 1 766 

Maynard, Francis. French Poet 1582. . 1646 

Maynard, Sir John. Lawyer and Patriot 1602 . . 1690 

Mayne, Jaspar. Poet and Divine 1604. . 1672 

Maynwaring, Authur. Polit. and Miscellaneous Writer 1668. .1712 
Mayo, Herbert, M. d. Hydropathic Physician. ( Cold 

Water Cure) — ..1852 

Mayo, Richard. Nonconformist Divine — . . 1695 

Mayow, John. Physician and Physiologist 1645 . . 1679 

Mayr, John Simon/ German Musical Composer 1 763 : '. 1845 

Mazarin, Julius. Cardinal. Life by T. Renaudot; A. 

Aubery, 1751! 1602. .1661 

Mazeline^ Peter. French Sculptor l ^>33- .1708 

Mazeppa, John. Cossack Hetman, celebrated by Byron 1644. .1709 
Mazois, Francis. French Architect and Archaeologist. 

{Ruines de Pompeii) 1 783 . . 1826 

Mazza, Angelo. Italian Poet 1741 . . 1817 

Mazzinghi, Joseph, Count. English Musical Composer 1768.. 1844 
Mazzochi, Alexius Symmachus. Italian Antiquary. . . . 1684. .1771 

Mazzolini, Louis. IlFerrarese. Painter . 1481?. 1530 

Mazzucchelli, John Mary, Count. Italian Jurist, Anti- 
quary, and Biographer. (Notizie Historiche) 1707- -1765 

Mazzucchelli, Peter Francis. Morazzone. Ital. Painter 1571. .1626 

Mazzuoli, Francis. IlParmigiano. Painter I 5°3- • I 54° 

Mead, Matthew. Nonconf. Divine. {EzekieVs Wheels) 1629. .1699 
Mead, Richard, m. d. Pbys. Life by Matth. Maty, 1755 1673. .1754 
Meade, William, d. d. Amer. Episc. Bishop and Writer 1789. .1862 
Meadowbank, Alexander Maconochie Welwood, Lord. 

Scottish Judge 1777. . 1861 

Meadoweourt, Richard. Divine. Annotator of Milton 1697. .1769 
M6 chain, Peter Francis Andrew. French Mathematician 

and Astronomer 1774- .1805 

Mechitar, or Mekhitar. Reviver of Learning in Armenia 1676 . . 1 749 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 275 

BOBN. DIED. 

Meckenen, Mekenen, or Mecheln, Israel von. Gold- 
smith, Engraver, and Painter — . . 1 503 

Mede, Joseph. Divine. ( Claris Apocalyptica) 1586. . 1638 

Medhurst, Walter Henry. Eng. Orient, and Missionary 1796. . 1857 
Medici, Alexander de', First Duke of Florence (1530-37) 1510. .1537 
Medici, Catherine de'. Wife of Henry II. of France. . . 15 19. .1589 
Medici, Cosmo de'. Father of his Country. Statesman 1389. . 1464 
Medici, Cosmo de'. The Great. First Grand-Duke of 

Tuscany. Life by Baklini 1519. • 1574 

Medici, Hippolytus de'. Cardinal 1511 . . 1535 

Medici, John de'. Merchant of Florence: found, of family — ..1428 
Medici, John James, Marquis of Marignano. General 1495.. 1555 

Medici, Lorenzo de'. Magnificent. Life by Roscoe 1448.. 1492 

Medina, Sir John Baptist. Portrait Painter 1659. .1711 

Medina, Peter de. Spanish Historian and Mathematician 1510?. — 
Meer, Meeren, or Meire, John van der. The Young. 

Painter ^27 . . 1691 

Meerman, Gerard. Dutch Writer. (Novus Thesaurus 

Juris Civilis) 1722 . . 1 771 

Meerman, John, son. Historical Writer 1753. . 1815 

Mehegan, William Alexander. French Historian 1721 . . 1766 

Mehemet Ali. Pasha of Egypt 1769. . 1849 

Mehul, Stephen Henry. Musical Composer 1763. . 1817 

Meibom, or Meibomius, Henry. Writer 1638. .1700 

Meibom, or Meibomius, John Henry. Physician 1590. -1655 

Meibom, or Meibomius, Marcus. Writer on Music and 

Philologist 1630?. 1711 

Meier, George Frederick. German Philosophical Writer 1718. .1777 
Meigs, Return Jonathan. Amer. Revolutionary Officer 1740. .1823 
Meiners, Christopher. Ger. Historian and Misce'll. Writer 1 747 . . 1810 

Meire, Meer, or Meeren, John van der. See Meer 1627. . 1691 

Meisner, Balthasar. German Lutheran Divine 1587. .1626 

Meissner, Augustus Theophilus. Novelist & Dramatist 1753. .1807 
Meissonier, Justus Aurelius. Painter, Sculptor, Gold- 
smith, Architect i6oc , , 1 yc Q 

Mekenen, Israel von. See Meckenen — . .1503 

Mela, Pomponius. Latin Geographer. (DeSituOrbis). . fl. 50* 
Melanchthon, Philip. German Reformer. Life by Joa- 
chim Camerarius I497 . . I5 6o 

Melbourne, William Lamb, Viscount. Premier i/79- • 1848 

Melchthal, Arnold of. Swiss Patriot — .-1317 

Melcombe, Lord. See Dodington 1691 . . 1 762 

Meldola, Dr. Raphael. High Rabbi, in England. {Hum 

pat Ilatanim) — . . ^28 

Meleager. Greek Writer and Collector of Epigrams. . . fl. b.c. 6o ? 

Melendez Valdez, John. Spanish Poet i/54- • 1817 

Meletius. Bishop of Antioch — .. 381 

Meletius. Bishop of Lycopolis fl. 4th c. 

Meletius. Modern Greek Geographer 1661 . .1714 

Meli, John. Poet. Sicilian Anacreon 1 740 . . 181 5 

Melito. Bishop of Sardis fl. 170? 

Mellan, Claude. French Engraver and Designer 1598. . 1688 

Mellen, Grenville. American Poet *799- • 1841 

Mellitus. Archbishop of Canterbury (619-24) — . . 624 



276 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Mellon, Harriet. Actress; married Duke of St. Albans. 1775.. 1837 

Melloni, Macedonio. Italian Physicist 1800. . 1854 

Melmoth,William. Lawyer and Religious Writer. {Great 

Importance. ) Life by son 1666 . . 1 743 

Melmoth, William, son. Writer & Classical Translator 1710. .1799 
Melo, or Mello, Francis Manuel de. Sp. and Port. Author 1611 . .1666 

Melon, John Francis, of Bordeaux. Writer — . .1738 

Melot, Anicet. French Writer 1697. .1759 

Melozzo da Forli, Francis. Painter I 438- -!494 ? 

Melvil, Sir James. Scot. Statesm. and Hist. (Memoirs) 1535?. 1607 
Melville, Andrew. Orientalist and Scottish Reformer. 

Life by McCrie 1545 . . 1622 

Melville, Henry Dundas, Viscount. Statesman 1740- .1811 

Melvin, James, of Aberdeen. Latinist l 794- -1851 

Memling, Hans, or John. Painter. See Hemling 1425?. 1500? 

Memmi, ordiMartino, Simon, of Sienna. Portrait Painter 1284. .1344 

Mena, John de. Castilian Poet 1412 . . 1456 

Menage, Giles. Fr. Scholar. (Dictionnaire Etymologique) 1613..1692 

Menahem. King of Israel (b. c. 772-761) — b.c. 761 

Menander. Athenian Comic Poet 342.291 B.C. 

Menandrino, Marsilio, of Padua. Jurist. (Defensor Pads) — . .1328 
Menard, Claude, of Angers. Magistrate and Antiquary 1574. .1652 

Menard, Leon. Historical Writer 1706. .1767 

Menard, Nicholas Hugh, of St. Maur. (Benedictine Mar- 

tyrology) 1587. .1644 

Menasseh ben Israel. Dutch Rabbi. Writer & Scholar 1604'. 1659? 
Mencke, John Burchard. (Scriptores Rerum Germanic.) 1674. .1732 
Mencke, Otho. German Writer. (Acta Eruditorum) . . 1644. .1707 

Mendelssohn, Moses. Jewish Philosopher i7 2 9- .1786 

Mendelssohn-Bartholdy, Felix. Musical Composer . . 1809.. 1847 

Mendez, Moses. English Poet — . . 1 758 

Mendez-Pinto, Ferdinand. Portuguese Traveler 1509?. 1583 

Mendip, Welbore Ellis, created Earl of. Politician 1714- .1802 

Mendizabal, John Alvarez y. Spanish Financier 1790- • 1853 

Mendoza, Diego Hurtado de. Spanish Statesman and 

Scholar. (History of the War of Granada) I5°3- • 1575 

Mendoza, Inigo Lopez de, Marquis de Santillana. Span- 
ish Poet and Writer 1398 . . 1458 

Mendoza, John Gonzales. Ambassador to China. (His- 
tory of China) 1540?. 1617 

Mendoza, Peter Gonzales de. Great Cardinal of Spain. 

Statesman 1428. .1495 

Meneses, Alexis de. Port. Augustinian Monk & Writer 1559. .1617 
Menestrier, Claude le. Antiq. (Symbolicai Dianw Statua) — ..1639 
Menestrier, Claude Francis. Fr. Jesuit. Writ, on Heraldry 1631 . .1705 
Menestrier, John Baptist le. Fr. Medalist & Antiquary 1564. . 1634 

Mengoli, Peter. Italian Mathematician 1625 . . 1686 

Mengs, Anthony Raphael. Painter. L. by J. N. D'Azara 1728. .1779 
Meninski, or Menin, Francis. ( Thesaurus Linguarum 

Orientalium) 1623 . . 1698 

Menippus. Cynic Philosopher 3d c. B.C. 

Mennes, Sir John. Seaman, Traveler, and Poet 1591 . . 1671 

Menno, Simon. Dutch Sectary 1505 . .1561 

Menochio, James. Italian Jurist i53 2 - • l ^°7 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 277 

BORN. DIES. 

Menochio, John Stephen. Italian Jesuit. Biblical Writer 1576. .1655 
Mentchikoff,Alex.Danilovitch. Russ. Statesm. and Gen. 1672.^.1729 

Mentel, John, of Strasburg. Printer 1410?. 1478 

Mentzel, Christian. Physician and Botanist 1622. .1701 

Menzel, Charles Adolphus. German Historian 1784. . 1855 

Menzini, Benedict. Italian Poet 1646. .1704 

Mercarti, or Mereado, Michael. Tuscan Phys. and Nat. 1541 . . 1593 
Mercator, Gerard. Flemish Geogr. and Math. ( Charts) 1512. .1594^ 

Mercator, Marius. Pupil of Augustine. Writer., —..451- 

Mercator, Nicholas. Danish Astronomer 1640 . 1687 

Mercer, Hugh. American Revolutionary General 1720- . 1777 

Mercer, Major James. Lyric Poet 1 734- • l8o 4 

Mercier, Bartholomew. Abbe de St. Leger. Bibliographer 1734.. 1799 
Mercier, John le. Orientalist and Biblical Commentator —..1570 
Mercier, Louis Sebast. Poet& Critic. {Tableau de Paris) 1740.. 1814 

Merck, John Henry. German Scholar 1741 . . 1791 

Mercklein, George Abraham. German Physician 1644. .1702 

Mercuriali, Jerome. Italian Physician 153° ■ • l6 ° 6 

Mercy, Florimondde. Marsh, of the Empire ; fell at Parma — . . 1734 
Mercy, Francis de. Bavarian General ; fell at Nordlingen — . . 1645 

Mere-wether, Rev. Francis. Author 1784- • ^64 

Meriam, Eben. American Statistician and Meteorologist 1794. .1864 

Merian, John Bernard, of Berlin. Scholar 1723 • • 1807 

Merian, Maria Sibylla. Naturalist 1647. . 1717 

Merian, Matthew. Swiss Engraver 1593 • • l6 5° 

Merian, Matthew, son. Swiss Painter 1621 . . 1687 

Merino, Jerome. Priest Merino. Span. Guerrilla Leader 1 770 • . 1847 

Merivale, John Herman. Poet 1779- • l8 44 

Merovaeus. Founder of the Merovingian Dynasty 411?. 457 

Merret, Christopher. Physician and Naturalist 1614. . 1695 

Merrick, Rev. James. Div. &Poet. ( Version of the Psalms) 1720. .1769 

Merry, Robert. Dramatic Writer 1 755 .. 1798 

Merseh, John Andrew van der. Brave Fleming. Patriot 1734. .1792 

Mersenne, Marin. French Mathematician 1588. . 1648 

Merton, Walter de. Bishop of Rochester. Founder of 

College. Life by Bishop Hobhouse — . . 1277 

Merula, George. Historian and Classical Editor 1424?. 1494 

Merula, Paul. Dutch Scholar 1558. .1607 

Merville, Michael Guyot de. French Writer 1696. .1755 

Mery, John. French Anatomist and Surgeon 1654. .1722 

Merzliakov, Alexius Feodorovitch. Russian Writer . . . 1778. .1830 

Mesa, Christopher de. Spanish Poet 1550?. 1620? 

Mesengui, Francis Philip. French Ecclesiastical Writer 1677. .1763 
Mesxner, Fred. Anthony, m.p. Promoter of Mesmerism 1734. .1815 

Mesmes, Claude de, Count d'Avaux. Negotiator 1595. .1650 

Mesrnes, John Anthony de, Count d'Avaux, nephew. 

N eg« »tiator l6 4° • • 1709 

Mesnager, Nicholas. French Negotiator 1658. .1714 

Mesnardiere, Hippolvtus J. P. de la. French Poet 1610. .1663 

Messala Corvinus, M. Valerius. Statesman & Writer B.C7o ? . a.d.i? 

Messalina Statilius. Third wife of Nero fl. 1st c. 

Messaiina Valeria. Third wife of Claudius — . . 48 

Messenius, Arnold. Historian and Satirist; beheaded. . — ..1651 
Messenius, John. Swedish Lawyer. (Scandia Must rata) 1584.. 1637 



278 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Messina, Antonello da. Italian Painter I 4 I 4'- 1493 or 6 

Meston, William. Burlesque Poet 1688. .1745 

Mestrezat, John. French Protestant Theologian 1592. .1657 

Meszaros, Lazarus. Hungarian General J 796. . 1S58 

Metastasio, Peter Anthony Dominic Bonaventura. Poet. 

Lite hy Fabroni ; Dr. Burney 1698. .1782 

Metcalfe, Chas. Theophilus, Lord. Gov.-Gen. L. by Kaye 1785 . . 1864 

Metcalfe, Thomas. American Statesman 1780. . 1855 

Metelli, Augustin. Italian Painter 1609. .1660 

Metellus, Quintets Ca-eilius. Numidicus. Commander 

against J ugurtha fl. B.C. 100 

Meteren, Emanuel van. {History of the Low Countries) 1535.. 1612 

Methodius. Missionary to the Sclavonians — .' . 900 

Methuen, John. Diplomatist — . .1706 

Metius, Adrian, brother of James. Mathematician 15 71 . . 1635 

Metius, James, of Alkmaer. Invent. Refract Telescope h\ 1609' 
Metkerke, Sir Adolphus van. Envoy and Classical Writer 1528.. 1591 
Metochita, Theodore. Greek Historian of Constantinople — --I33 2 
Meton. Athenian Astronomer. Inventor of Lunar Cycle fl. B.C. 432 
Metternich, Clement Wenzel Xepomuk Lothar, Prince 

de. Austrian Statesman J 773- -1859 

Mettrie, Julian Offray de la. Physician. Materialist . . 1709. .1751 

Metz, Conrad Martin. German Engraver 1755 . . 1827 

Metzu, Gabriel. Dutch Painter 161 5 .aft.1661 

Meulen, Anthony Francis van der. Flemish Painter . . . 1634. .1690 
Meulen, Peter van der. Paint, to William III. in England fl. 1670 

Meun, or Meung, John de. French Poet i25o ? . 1318? 

Meursius, or De Meur, John. Greek Antiquary 1579 . .1639 

Meusel, John George. Ger. Historian and Bibliographer 1743. -1820 

Meusnier, Philip. French Painter 1655 . .1734 

Mexia, Peter. Spanish Writer 1496. .1552? 

Meyer, Felix. German Painter 1653. . 1713 

Meyer, James. Flemish Historian 1491 . .1552 

Meyer, John Henry. German Antiquary and Artist. . . . 1759. .1832 

Meyerbeer, James.' German Musical Composer 1791 . .1864 

Meyers, Jeremiah. Miniature Painter 1728. .1789 

Meyrick, Sir Samuel Rush. Antiquary 1783 . . 1848 

M6zeray, Francis Eudes de. Hist. L. by Dan. Larroque 1610. .1683 
Meziriac, Claude Gaspar Bachet. Fr. Jesuit. Scholar. 1581..1638 
Mezzofanti, Joseph Gaspar. Cardinal. Linguist. Life 

by Dr. C. W. Russell, 1858 1774. . 1849 

Miaulis, Andrew. Grecian Admiral 1772. . 1835 

Miazzi, John. Italian Architect 1699 . . 1 780 

Micah. Prophet of Judah fl. b.c.75o ? 

Mical, Abbe. French Mechanician 1730^. 1789 

Michael I. Emperor of the East (811-13). Rhangabe.. — .. 845? 

Michael II. (820-29.) Le B'egue —..829 

Michael III. (842-67) 839?. 867 

Michael IV. (1034-41.) The Paphlagonian — . . 1041 

Michael V. (1041-42. ) Calaphates —aft. 1042 

Michael VI. (1056-57.) Stratioticus — aft.1057 

Michael VII. (1071-78. ) Parapinaces —aft. 1078 

Michael VUI. (1259-82.) Palceobgus 1224. . 1282 

Michael. Czar of Russia (1613-45). Feodorovitch 1596. .1645 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 279 

BORN. DIED. 

Michael Angelo. Italian Painter. See Angelo. Life 
bv Condivi, 1553; Vasari, 1568; Gori, 1746; Vignali, 
1753; Hauchecorne, 1783; Richard Duppa, 1806; Pia- 
cenza, 1813; Reumont, 1834; Guidici, 1-834; Quatre- 
mere de Quincy, 1835; Nagler, 1836; Grimm, trans- 
lated by F. E. Bunnet, 1864 1474 • 

Michael Angelo. Delle Battaglie. Roman Battle Painter 1602?. 

Michaelis, John Benjamin. German Poet 1746- . 

Michaelis, John David. Orientalist and Biblical Critic. 

(Introduction to the New Testament) 1717. . 

Michaelis, John Henry. German Divine and Orientalist 1668. . 

Michaud, Joseph. Ft. Hist. & Poet. ( Hist, of Crusades) 1767 . . 

Michaux, Andrew. French Botanist and Traveler. {Flora 

Boreali Americana) 1746- . 

Micheli, Peter Anthony. Italian Botanist 1679. . 

Micheli du Crest, James Bartholomew. Astron. &Math. 1690. . 

Miehelozzi, Michelozzo. Florentine Sculptor & Architect 1402?. 

Mickiewicz, Adam. Polish Poet i79§- • 

Mickle, William Julius. Poet. Translator of the Lusiad 1734. . 

Micrelius, John. Ger. Lutheran Divine and Philologist 1597- • 

Middleton, Arthur. American Patriot and Statesman. . 1743. • 

Middleton, Conyers, D. D. Scholar. {Life of Cicero). . 1683. . 

Middleton, Rev. Erasmus, of Turvey. (Biograph. Evany.) — .. 

Middleton, Sir Hugh. Projector of the New River 1565?. 

Middleton, John Izard. Amer. Schol. (Cyclopean Walls) 1785. . 

Middleton, Richard. Tlie Profound. Theologian — 

Middleton, Thomas. Dramatic Poet. Life by Dyce, 1840 — . . 

Middleton, Thos. Fanshaw. Bp. of Calcutta. "( Gr. Article) 1769. . 

Middleton, William. Welsh Poet — 

Miel, John. Giovanni della Vite. Flemish Painter ... . 1599.. 

Mierevelt, Michael Jansen. Dutch Portrait Painter .... 1568. . 

Mieris, Francis. The Elder. Flemish Painter & Modeler 1635. . 

Mieris, Francis. Young Francis. Flemish Painter 1689. . 

Mieris, William. The Younger. Flem. Painter & Modeler 1662.. 

Mifflin, Thomas. American Revolutionary Patriot J 744- • 

Migliara, John. Italian Architectural Painter 1785 . . 

Mignard, Nicholas. French Painter 1608 . . 

Mignard, Peter. The Roman. Painter 1610. . 

Mignon, Abraham. Painter of Frankfort 1639. . 

Mignot, Stephen. Fr. Hist., Commerc, & Theol. Writer 1698. . 

Mignot, Vincent. Fr. Writer. (Hist, de V Empire Ottoman) 1730 . . 

Milbourne, Rev. Luke. Poetical Writer 1667 . . 

Mildmay, Sir Walter. Statesman 1522. . 

Milfort, Le Cere. French Adventurer — aft. 

Milhouse, Robert. Weaver and Poet — 

Milizia, Francis. Architect. ( Vite degli Architetti). . . . 1725. . 

Mill, Henry. Engineer of Water Works 1680. . 

Mill, James. Metaphysician and Political Economist. 

[History of British 'India) 1/73- • 

Mill, John, D. d. Editor of Greek Testament 1645'. 

Mill, W. H., D. D. Divine and Orientalist — . . 

Millar, John, of Glasgow. Professor. L. by Craig. 1806 1735. - 

Milledge, John. American Soldier and Statesman 1757- • 

Miller, Ladv, of Bath. (Letters from Italy) *74 I? - 



280 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Miller, Edward, mus. doc. Antiquary 1756. .1807 

Miller, Edward. American Physician and Author 1760. .1812 

Miller, Hugh. Scottish Geologist 1802 . .1856 

Miller, James. Political and Dramatic Writer 1703- • 1744 

Miller, James. Surgical Writer 1812?. 1864 

Miller, John Martin. Ger. Novelist & Poet. (Siegwart) 1750. .1S14 

Miller, Joseph. Comic Actor 1684. . 1 738 

Miller, Philip. Botanical Writ. {Gardener's Dictionary) 1691..1771 

Miller, Samuel. American Divine 1769.. 1850 

Miller, William. Founder of the Millerites 1781 . . 1849 

Milles, Jeremiah, d. d. Divine and Antiquary 1714- -1784 

Milles, Thomas. Genealogist and Antiquary fl. 16th c. 

Millevoye, Charles Hubert. French Poet 1782*. . 1816 

Millin, Aubin Louis. Fr. Archaeologist and Naturalist 1759. .1818 

Millingen, James. English Archaeologist 1774- -1845 

Millot, ( laude Francis Xavier. French Historian 1726. .1785 

Mills, Charles. Historical Writer. ( History of Crusades) 1788. . 1825 
Mills, Samuel John. American Clergyman and Promoter 

of Missions ^I^j- .1818 

Milman, Sir Francis, M. d. Medical Writer 1746. . 1821 

Milne, Rev. Colin. Botanist — . . 1815 

Milne, Joshua. Actuary 1773. . 185 1 

Milne, William. English Missionary' — . . 1822 

Milner, Isaac, d. d. President of Queen's College; Dean 

of Carlisle. Life by Mrs. Mary Milner, 1843 1751- • 1820 

Milner, John, d. d. Rom. Cath. Divine & Eccles. Antiq. 1752. .1826 
Milner, Rev. Joseph, of Hull. (History of the Church of 

Christ.) Life by Isaac Milner J 744- • *797 

Milo. Grecian Athlete fl. 6th c. B.C. 

Milo, Titus Annius Papinianus. Roman Tribune, de- 
fended by Cicero — . . 48 

Milonov, Michael. Russian Poet 1 792 . . 1821 

Milosh. See Obrenovitch i78o ? .i86o 

Miltiad.es. Athenian General at Marathon fl. B.C. 490 

Milton, John. Poet. Life by E. Philips, 1694; Toland, 
1698; J. Richardson, 1734; Peck, 1740; Newton, 1749; 
Birch, 1753; Hayley, 1794; Mosneron, 1803; Morti- 
mer (Pseudonym), 1805; Svmmons, 1806; Byerlev, 
1822; Todd, 1826; Mitford, 1832; Ivimey, 1833; 
Brydges, 1835; Stebbing, 1840; Montgomery, 1843; 
Keightley, 1849 ; Hunter, 1850 ; Edmonds, 1851 ; Hood, 
1851; Illustr. Papers, Marsh, Chetham Society, 1851; 
Cleveland, 1853 ; Masson, 1858 ; Original Papers, Ham- 
ilton, Camden Society, 1859 ; J. W. Morris, 1862. Ac- 
count of Disinterment of body, Neve, 1790 1608 . . 1674 

Mimnermus. Greek Elegiac Poet fl. b.c. 634—600 

Mina, Francis Espoz y. Spanish General 1781 . . 1836 

Mind, Godfrey. Swiss Artist 1 768 . . 1 814 

Min ellius, John, of Rotterdam. Editor of School Classics 1625?. 1683 
Miner, Thomas. Amer. Physician and Medical Writer 1777.. 1841 
Minot, George Richards. American Historian and Jurist 1758. . 1802 

Minot, Lawrence. English Poet — . . 1352? 

Minto, Sir Gilbert Elliott, 1st Earl of. Gov.-Gen. of Bengal 1 751. .1814 
Minucius Felix, Marcus. Christian Rhetorician fl. 270 •' 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 281 

BORN. DIED. 

Minutoli, Henry Menu von, Baron. German Traveler 

and Archaeologist i77 2 - .1846 

Minuziano, or Minutianus, Alexander. Italian Printer i45o ? .i522 

Minzoni, Onofrio. Italian Poet 1734- • 1817 

Mirabaud, John Baptist de. French Writer 1675. .1760 

Mirabeau, Gabriel llonore" de Riquetti, Comte de. Revo- 
lutionist. Life by Gassicourt 1749- • 1791 

Mirabeau, Victor Riquetti, Mqs. de. (Ami des Homme s) 1715 . .1789 

Mirabella, Vincent. (Ancient History of Syracuse) 1570 . . 1624 

Miraeus, or Lemire, Aubert. German Writer 1573. . 1640 

Miranda, Francis. Spanish American General *75o ? . 1816 

Miranda, Sa de. Portuguese Poet 1495 . .1558 

Mirandola, John Picus, Count of. Universal Scholar . . 1463. .1494 
Mirandola, John Francis Picus, Prince of, nephew. Writ. 1469 . .1533 
Mirbel, Charles Francis Brisseau de. French Naturalist 1776. .1854 
Mirevelt, or Mierevelt, Michael Jansen. Dutch Painter 1568. .1641 
Misson, Maximilian. French Writer. (Voyage d'Jtalie) — ..1721 

Mita, James. Historical Engraver 1776. .1822 

Mitchel, Ormsby McKnight. Amer. Astron. and Gen. 1810. .1862 
Mitchell, Sir Andrew. Ambassador. Life by A. Bisset i695 ? .i77i 

Mitchell, Andrew. Admiral 1757? . 1806 

Mitchell, Sir David. Admiral — . .1719 

Mitchell, Elisha, d. d. American Chemist 1793- .1857 

Mitchell, John Kearsley. Amer. Physician and Author 1796. .1858 

Mitchell, Joseph. Dramatic Writer 1684? . 1 738 

Mitchell, Thos. Philologist. Ed. of Greek Dramatists 1783. .1845 
Mitchell, Sir Thomas Livingstone. Voyager and Geogr. 1792. .1855 
Mitchill, Samuel Latham. Amer. Physician and Writer 1764. .1831 
Mitford, John. Miscellaneous Writer. (Johnny Newcome) — ..1831 

Mitford, Rev. John. Writer. Editor of Gray 1781 . . 1859 

Mitford, John Freeman, Baron Redesdale. Statesman. . 1748. .1830 
Mitford, Miss Mary Russell. Writer. ( Our Village). . . 1786. .1855 
Mitford, William. (Hist, of Greece.) L. by Ld. Redesdale. 1744.. 1827 
Mithridates. King of Pontus(B. c. 120-63). The Great 131-'. 63 B.C. 
Mitscherlich, Eilhard, of Berlin. Chemical Philosopher 1794. .1S63 
Mittarelli, John Benedict. History of the Calmudenses 1707. .1777 
Mitzler, Lawrence Christopher, of Kolof. Musical Writer 1 71 1 . . 1 778 
Mochnachi, Maurycy. Polish Critic and Historian .... 1804. .1834 
Mocquard, John Francis Constant. French Litterateur ; 

Private Secretary to Napoleon III 1791 . . 1864 

Modena, or Mutina, Thomas da. Italian Painter fl. 14th c. 

Moebius, George. Ger. Theologian. (Pagan Oracles) 1616*. 1697 

Moebius, Godfrey. German Medical Writer i6ii ? . 1664 

Moehler, John Adam. Rom. Catholic Polemical Divine 1796. .1838 
Moehsen, John Charles William. Ger. Medical Writer 1722. .1795 
Moellendorf, Richard Joachim Henry, Ct. of. Pruss. Gen. 1725 . . 1816 

Moeller, John. Danish Theologian and Author i/79- -1833 

Moeser, Justus. German Advocate and Writer 1720. . 1794 

Mohammed. Arabian Prophet. <See Mahomet 570 or 1 .632 

Mohs, Frederick. German Mineralogist i/74- -1839 

Moine, Le. See Lemoine. 

Moir, David Macbeth. Poet and Novelist. L. by T. Aird 1798. . 185 1 

Moitte, John William, Chevalier. French Sculptor 1747. • 1S10 

Moivre, Abraham de. Mathematician 1667. .1754 



282 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN 

Mola, John Baptist. Landscape Painter 1620 

Mola, Peter Francis. Painter 1612 

Molai, James de. Last Grand Master of the Templars. . — 
Molanus, Gerard Walter. Ger. Writer {Lipsanographia) 1633 

Molanus, or Vermeulen, John. Dutch Writer 1533 

Molbech, Christian. Danish Scholar and Author 1783 

M0I6, Francis Rene. French Comedian 1734 

M0I6, John. English Calculator — 

Mole, Louis Matthew, Count de. French Statesman. . . . 1780 

Mole, Matthew. French Magistrate and Statesman 1584 

M0I6, Thomas. Dissenting Divine — 

Molesworth, Robert, Viscount. Irish Statesman 1656 

Molesworth, .Sir William. English Statesman 1S10 

Moliere, John Baptist Poquelin de. French Dramatist 1622 
Molieres, Joseph Privat de. French Mathematician. . . . 1677 

Molina, Louis de. Spanish Jesuit, Theologian 1535 

Molinaeus, Charles. See Dumoulin 1500 

Molinaeus, Peter. See Dumoidin 1568 

Molinari, or Mulinari, John Anthony. Italian Painter. .1577 
Molinet, Claude du. Ecclesiastical Antiq. and Historian 1620 

Molinet, John. French Poet — 

Molinier, John Baptist. Preacher and Devotional Writer 1675 

Molinos, Michael de. Spanish Quietist 1627 

Moll, Herman. English Geographer — 

Moller, Daniel William. Ger. Trav., Metaph., and Hist. 1642 
Moller, Henry. German Protestant, Biblical Commentator 1530 
Moller, John. ( History of Sleswick and Holstein. ) Life 

by his son, 1734 1661. .1725 

Molloy, Charles. Polish Writer and Dramatist 1706. .1767 

Molyneux, William. Mathematician and Astronomer. . 1656. .1698 

Molza, Francis Mary. Italian Poet 1489. .1544 

Molza, Tarquinia, granddaughter. Ital. Transl. and Poet 1542. .1617 
Monaldescni, Louis Bonconte de. Italian Chronicler . . 1327. .1442 

Monamy, Peter. Painter of Sea Pieces — . .1749 

Monantheuil, Henry de. Monantholius. French Mathem. 1 536 ? . 1606 

Monardes, Xicholas. Spanish Physician — . . 1578 

Monboddo, James Burnet, Lord. Metaphysician 1714- -i/99 

Monbron, Fougeret de. French Writer — . . 1761 

Monceaux, Francis de. Statesm. &Wr. ( Bucolica Sacra) fl. 1589 

Moncey, Adrien. Marshal of France 1754 

Monconys, Balthasar de. Trav. in the East, and Astrol. — 
MoncriefT Wellwood, Rev. Sir Henry. Moderator.... 1750 
Moncrif, Francis Augustin Paradis de. Fr. Poet & Writer 1687 

Mondino, or Mundinus. Physician and Anatomist 1250 

Mondonville, John Joseph Cassanea de. Mus. Composer 1715 

Mongault, Xicholas Hubert de. French Writer 1674 

Monge, Gaspar. French Mathematician and Xat. Philos. 1746 
Moniglia, John Andrew, of Florence. Dramatic Poet. . 1640 

Monin, John Edward du. French Poet 1557 

Monk, George, Duke of Albemarle. Life by T. Skinner, 
1724; Dr. Thomas Gumble, 1761; Guizot, translated 

by Stuart Wortley, 1838 1608. .1670 

Monk, James Henry." English Prelate and Author 1784. . 1856 

Monk, Hon. Mary. Poetess — . .1715 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 283 

BORN. DIED. 

Monmouth, Geoffrey of. Archd. of Monmouth. Hist. 1100..1154 
Monmouth, James Scott, Duke of. Rebel. Life by 

George Roberts, 1844 1649. . 1685 

Monnet, Anthony Grhnoald. French Chemist J 734- .1817 

Monnier, Peter le. French Philosopher 1675 . .1757 

Monnier, Peter Charles le. French Astronomer 1715- ■ i/99 

Monnoye, Bernard de la. Poetical and Prose Writer . . 1641. .1728 
Monnoyer, John Baptist. Fr. Fruit and Flower Painter 1635. . 1699 
Monod, Adolphe. French Protestant Pastor at Paris. . . 1802. .1856 

Monod, Dr. Frederick. Protestant Pastor at Paris *794; • I S 6 3 

Monod, John. French Protestant Clergyman 1760'. 1836 

Monro, Alexander, m. d., primus. Physician and Anato- 
mist. ( Medical Essays) 1697. .1767 

Monro, Alexander, secundus, son. Phys. and Med. Prof. 1733. .1817 

Monro, Alexander, fortius, son. Anatomist 1773- -1859 

Monro, Donald. Army Physician !7 2 9- -1802 

Monro, John, brother. Physician for Insanity 1715- • J 79 l 

Monroe, James. Fifth President of the United States. . 1758. .1831 
Monsignori, Francis. Portrait and Historical Painter. . 1455. .1519 

Monson, Sir William. Admiral. {Naval Tracts) 1569. .1643 

Monson, William John, Lord. Traveler and Antiquary 1796. .1862 

Monstrelet, Enguerrand de. Historian I 39° ? - J 453 

Mont, Deodate del. Painter 1581 . .1634 

Montagu, Basil, q. c. Editor of Bacon 1770. . 1851 

Montagu, Charles, 1st Duke of Manchester. Ambassador — ..1722 

Montagu, Sir Edward. Judge — . . 1557 

Montagu, Edward. First Earl of Sandwich. Commander 

and Statesman '. 1625 . . 1672 

Montagu,' Edward Wortley. Writer 1713 . .1776 

Montagu, George. Naturalist — . . 1815 

Montagu, Sir Henry, 1st Earl of Manchester. Ld. Treas. — . . 1642 
Montagu, John, Fourth Earl of Sandwich. Life by J. 

Cooke, 1799 1718..1792 

Montagu, Lady Mary Wortley. Writer. (Letters.) Life 

by I hdlaway , 1803 ; Moy Thomas 1690 . . 1 762 

Montagu, Walter. Abbot of Pontoise. Poet, Courtier — ..1669 
Montague, Chas., First E. of Halifax. Statesm. and Poet 1661 . .1715 

Montague, Edward Wortley 1713- -1776 

Montague, Mrs. Eliz. ( Writings and Genius of Shakes]).) 1720. . 1800 

Montague, Lady Mary Wortley. See Montagu 1690. .1762 

Montague, or Mountagu, Richard. Bishop of Chichester 

and Norwich 1 5 78 . . 1641 

Montaigne, Michael de. Essayist 1533. . 159 2 

Montalbani, Ovid. Italian Physician and Botanist i6o2 ? .i67i 

Montalembert, Mark Rene, Mas. of. Military Engineer 1714. .1800 
Montalembert, Mark Rene - Anne Mary, Count de. 

French Diplomatist 1777- • 1831 

Montalvan, John Perez de. Spanish Dramatist 1602. . 1638 

Montanari, Geminiano. Nat. Philos. and Mathematician 1632. .1687 

Montanelli, Joseph. Italian Poet iSi3 ? .iS62 

Montanus. Heresiarch 140?. 200? 

Montanus, Benedict Arias. Spanish Writer. {Pofaght) 1527.. 1598 
Montanus, or Da Monte, John Baptist. Italian Physi- 
cian and Classical Writer 1488?. 1551 



284 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Montarroyo, Joseph Freyre de. Portuguese Writer .... 1670. .1730 



Montault, Philip de, Duke of Noailles. Commander. . . 1619. 
Montausier, Charles de St. Maure, Duke of. ( Garland 

of Julia) 1610. 

Montbeliard, Philibert Gueneau. Naturalist 1720. 

Montbrun, Charles Du Puy. Life by Guy Allard, 1675 ; 

Martin, 1816 • 1530. 

Montcalm, Louis Joseph de SLVeran, Marquis de. French 

General in Canada 1712. 

Montcalvo. Italian Fresco Painter. See Caccia 1568. 

Mcmtchal, Charles de. Archbishop of Toulouse; Scholar 1580. 

Montchxestien, Anthony. Poet and Economist J 57o ? 

Monte, Guidubalde, Marquis del. Italian Mathematician 1540? 
Montecatinus, Anthony. Italian Philos. ( On Aristotle) 1536. 
Montecuculi, or Montecuccoli, Raymond, Ct. Austr. Gen. 1608. 

Monteith, or Monteth, Robert. Scottish Historian — bef. 

Montemayor, George de. Castilian Poet. (Diana). . . . 1520. 

Monten, Dietrich. German Battle Painter *799- 

Montenault, or Monthenault, Charles Philip. French 

Historical "Writer 1696 . 

Montespan, Frances Athenais de Rochechouart de Morte- 

mart, Marchioness de. Favorite of Louis XIV 1641. 

Montesquieu, Charles de Secondat, Baron de. (V Esprit 

des Lois) 1689 . 

Monteth, or Monteith, Robert. Scottish Historian — bef. 

Monteverde, Claudio. Italian Musical Composer I 5 6 5 y 

Montez, Lola. Life by self. See Lola Montez 1824. 

Montezuma I. Emperor of Mexico (1436 or 8-1471) .. . — . 

Montezuma H., nephew \jfio- 

Montfaucon, Bernard de. Critic and Antiquary 1655 . 

Montfort, John (IV.) de, Duke of Brittany " 1293 . 

Montfort, Simon de. Crusader 11 



Montfort, Simon de, Earl of Leicester; fell at Evesham i2o6 ? 
Montgolfier, James Stephen. Inventor of Air Balloons 1745. 
Montgomery, Alexander. Poet. L. by Dr. Irving. 1821 — . 
Montgomery, Gabriel, Count of. Fr. Protestant General 1530? 
Montgomery, James. Poet. L. by Holland and Everett 1771 . 
Montgomery, Richard. American Revolutionary General 1736. 

Montgomery, Rev. Robert. Preacher and Poet 1807. 

Montgon, Charles Alexander. Confessor to Philip V. of 

Spain. ( Memoirs) 1690 . 

Monthenault d'Egly, Charles Philip. French Writer. . 1696. 
Montholon, Chas. Tristan de, Count of Lee. Fr. General 1 782 . 
Monthyon, or Montyon, Anthony John Baptist Robert 

Auget, Baron de. French Philanthropist *733- 

Monti, Joseph. Italian Botanist 1682 . 

Monti, Vincent. Italian Poet 1754- 

Monticelli, Andrew, of Bologna. Painter 1640 . 

MonticeUi, Angelo Mary. Singer — . 

Montigni, Stephen Mignol de. Math, and Mechanician 1714. 
Montjosieu, Louis de. ( Gallics Bomce Eospes) fl. 1585 



Montluc, Blaise de. Marshal of France i5°9 ? 

Montmaur, Peter de. Satirical Poet i576 r 

Montmorency, Anne de. Constable of France J 493- 



1684 

1690 
1785 

*575 

1759 
1625 
1651 
1621 
160 1 : ' 

1599 
1681 
1660 
1562 

i843 
1749 

1707 

1755 
1660 
1649 
1861 
1471 
1520 
1741 

J 345 
1218 
1265 
1799 
1607? 

!574 
1854 

1775 
1855 

1770 
J749 
1853 

1820 
1760 
1828 
1716 
1750 
1782 



1577 
1648 
1567 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 285 

BORN. DIED. 

Montmorency, Charles de. Marshal of France — -.1381 

Montmorency, Henry I. de. Constable of France 1534. .1614 

Montmorency, Henry II., Due de. Admiral of France 1595. .1632 
Montmorency, Mattliewde. The Great. Constable of Fr. 1174'. 1230 
Montmorency, Matthew John Felicite, Duke of. French 

Statesman 1767. .1826 

Montmort, Peter Raymond de. French Mathematician 1678. .1719 
Montorsoli, Fra Giovanu' Angelo. Italian Sculptor . . . 1507. .1563 
Montpensier, Anne Maria Louisa d'Orleans, Duchess de. 

Grande Mademoiselle. ( Memoirs) 1627. . 1693 

Montpetit, Annand Vincent. Fr. Painter and Mechanic 1713. .1800 

Montreuil, Bernardin. French Jesuit J 569. • 1646 

Montrose, James Graham, First Marquess of. Scottish 

Royalist. Life by Bishop Wishart; M. Napier, 1840; 

Grant, 1859 1612. .1650 

Mont Ste - Aldegonde, Philip van Marnix, Lord du. 

Statesman and Writer 1538 . . 1 598 

Montucci, Anthony. Philologist and Chinese Scholar. . 1762. .1829 
Montncla, John Stephen. French Mathematician. (His- 
tory of Mathematics) 1725 . .1799 

Moody, Christopher Lake, ll. d. (Sketch of Modern 

France) — . . 1816 

Moon, Joseph. Mathematician — . . 1817 

Mooney, Daniel, d. d. Writer on Logic and Mathematics — . . 1S18 

Moor, Karel de. Portrait Painter 1656. .1738 

Moorcroft, William. English Traveler . i78o i '. 1825 

Moore, Benjamin, d.d. American Divine 1748..1816 

Moore, Clement C., ll. d. American Scholar J/79- • 1863 

Moore, Edward. Poet and Writer. 17 12. .1757 

Moore, Elizabeth. Devotional Writer — . . 1657 

Moore, Francis. Mechanic — . .1787 

Moore, Jacob Bailey. American Journalist and Author 1797. .1853 

Moore, John. Bishop of Ely 1644. .1714 

Moore, John. Phvs. and Writer. L. by Dr. R. Anderson 1730. . 1802 
Moore, .Tohn. Archbishop of Canterbury (1783-1801). . 1733. .1805 

Moore, Sir John. General ; fell at Corunna 1761 . .1809 

Moore, John, ll. b. Biblical Scholar and Antiquary ... — . .1821 

Moore, Maurice. American Patriot and Jurist — . .1777 

Moore, Rev. Philip, of the Isle of Man. Writer 1706. .1783 

Moore, Richard ('banning, d.d. American Divine 1762. .1841 

Moore, Robert. Penman — . . 1727? 

Moore, Thomas. Poet. Life by Earl Russell 1779- • 1852 

Moore, Zephaniah Swift, d. d. Amer. Divine and Scholar 1770. .1823 

Moorsom, William Scarth. Captain. Writer — . .1863 

Morabin, James. Fr. Writer & Transl. (Life of Cicero) 1687.. 1762 
Morales, Ambrose de. Spanish Historian and Antiquary 15 13. .1591 

Morales, Louis. El Divino. Spanish Painter I 5°9- -1586 

Morand, John Anthony. Architect of Lyons 1727. .1 794 

Morand, John Francis Clement. Parisian Physician . . . 1726. .1784 

Morand, Peter de. Poet and Dramatic Writer 1701 . .1757 

Morand, Sauveur Francois. Parisian Surgeon 1697. .1773 

Morandi, John Mary. Italian Painter 1625 . . 1715? 

Morandi Manzolini, Anna. Female Anatomist 1716..1774 

Morant, Philip. Antiquary and Biographer 1700. .1770 



286 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Morata, Olympia Fulvia. Protestant Writer. Life bj r 

Jules Bonnet, 1851 1526. -1555 

Moratin, Leander Fernandez de. Span. Dramatic Poet 1760. .1828 
Moratin, Nicholas Fernandez de. Span. Dramatic Poet 1737. .1780 
Morazan, Francis. Central Amer. Statesm. and General 1799. .1842 
Morcelli, Stephen Anthony. Ital. Writ, on Inscriptions 1737. .1821 
Mordaunt, Charles, Third" Earl of Peterborough. Com- 
mander in Spain. Life by C Warburton, 1853 1658. .1735 

More, Alexander. French Protestant Preacher & Writer 1616. . 1670 
More, Sir Anthony. Antoni Moro. Dutch Portr. Painter 1519. .1581 
More, Hannah. Writer. Life by Rev. H. Thompson, 

1838 ; A. Roberts, 1859 1745. . 1833 

More, Dr. Henry. Cambr. Platonist. L. by R. Ward, 1710 1614..1687 
More, Henry, of Liskeard. Dissenting Minister; Poet.. — ..1802 

More, or Moore, James. Writer. {Rival Modes) — . .1734 

More, John, of Norwich. Puritan Divine — . .1592 

More, Sir Thomas. Chancellor. ( Utopia.) Life by J. 
Hoddesdon, 1652; W. Roper, 1716; Warner, 1758"; C. 
More, 1828; Stapleton; Cayley; T. More (great-grand- 



son) ; William Rastall 1480 

Moreau, Hegesippus. French Poet. (Myosotis) 1810 

Moreau, Jacob Nicholas. Historiographer 1717 

Moreau, James. French Medical Writer 1647 

Moreau, John Michael. French Designer and Engraver 1741 

Moreau, John Victor. French General 1763 

Moreau, Rene. French Physician 1587 

Moreau de la Sarthe, James Louis. Fr. Medical Writer 1771 

Moreelze, Paul. Dutch Painter 1571 

Morel, Christopher Edward. Fr. Teacher of Deaf Mutes 1805 

Morel, Claude. Printer; Editor of Greek Authors 1574 

Morel, Frederick. The Old. French Printer and Writer 1523 

Morel, Frederick, son. Printer and Scholar 1558 

Morel, William. Fr. Classical Editor and Lexicographer 1505 

Morell, Andrew. Swiss Medalist and Antiquary 1646 

Morell, Thomas. Lexicographer and Classical Writer. . 1703 

Morell, Thomas. Dissenting Minister and Author 1782 

Morellet, Andrew. Abbe. Writer on Political Economy 1727 

Morelli, Cosimo. Italian Architect 1732 

Morelli, James. Librarian and Scholar 1745 

Morelos, Joseph Maria. Mexican Revolutionist — 

Moreri, Louis. (Historical Dictionary) 1643 

Mores, Edward Rowe. Antiquary 1730 

Moreto y Cabana, Augustin. Spanish Comic Poet. . . . 1600 
Moreton, or Morton, John. Cardinal. Abp. of Canter- 
bury; Statesman. Life by Rev. W. Cole ; Budden.. 1410 
Morgagni, John Baptist. Ital. Physician and Anatomist 1682 
Morgan, Daniel. American Revolutionary General . . . . 1 736 
Morgan, George Cadogan. Writer on Nat. Philosophv 1754 
Morgan, Sir Henry John. Buccaneer. Life by Edward 

Howard 1637 

Morgan, (Miss Sydney Owenson) Lady. Irish Novelist 1783 
Morgan, Sylvanus. Heraldic Writer. (Sphere of Gentry) — 

Morgan, Thomas. Deistical Writer — 

Morgan, Sir Thomas Charles, m. d 1783 



535 
838 
803 
729 
814 

813 
656 
826 
638 

857 
626 

583 
630 
564 
703 
784 
840 

"19 

812 
819 
815 
680 
778 
669 

500 
771 
802 



690 
859 
693 
74i 
843 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 287 

BORN. DIED. 

Morgan, William. Bishop of St. Asaph. Translator of 

the Bible into Welsh — • • 1604 

Morgan, William. Mathematician and Actuary — . .1833 

Morghen, Raphael Sanzio. Italian Engraver 1758. • 1833 

Morgues, Matthew de. Court Preacher and Writer. . . . 1582. .1670 
Morhof, Daniel George. German Writer. (Polyhistor) 1639. .1691 
Moriee, Sir William. Statesman. ( Common Riyht of 

Lord's Slipper) — • • l6 76 

Morier, James. Oriental Traveler and Novelist 1780. .1849 

Morillo, Pablo. Spanish General 1777 • • 1838 

Morin, Henry. Writer in Memoir es de VAcad. des Inscrip. 165 5 . . 1 728 

Morin, John" French Ecclesiastic and Orientalist 1591 . . 1659 

Morin, John. French Experimental Philosopher. (Me- 

chanisme Universel) I 7°5 • • I 764 

Morin, John Baptist. French Physician and Mathema- 
tician. (Astrologia Gallka) I5 8 3 • • l6 5 6 

Morin, Louis. DeSt.Victor. Fr. Physician and Botanist 1635. .1715 

Morin, Peter. French Biblical Scholar and Critic 1531 . . 1608 

Morin, Simon. French Visionary 1623?. 1663 

Morin, Stephen. French Protestant Divine 1625 . . 1700 

Moriniere, Adrian Claude Lefort de la. French Writer 1698. .1768^ 

Morison, or Moryson, Fynes. Traveler 1566. . 1614? 

Morison, John, d. d., ll. d. Life by John Kennedy. . . 1791 . . 1859 
Morison, Robert, M. d. Physician and Botanist. (His- 

toria Plantarum) 1620. .1683 

Morisot, Claude Bartholomew. Fr. Writer. {Peruviana) 1592.. 1661 

Moritz, Charles Philip. German Writer 1757- • I 793 

Morland, George. Painter. Life by W. Collins ; George 

Dawe; Hassell, 1806 1763.. 1804 

Morland, Sir Samuel. Statesman and Mechanician. 

Lifebv J. 0. Halliwell 1625?. 1695 

Morley, George. Bishop of Winchester 1 597 • ■ l68 4^ 

Morley, Thomas. Musical Composer — . . 1604- 

Morliere, Charles James Louis Augustus de la Rochette, 

Chevalier de. Romance Writer 1 701 .. 1785 

Mornac, Anthony. Fr. Jurist and Poet. (Ferice Forenses) 1554. . 1619 
Mornay, Philip de, Sieur du Plessis Morlay. Protestant 

Statesman. Life bv Crusius; De Liques 1549.. 1623 

Mornington, Garret Wellesley, Earl of. Composer 1720. . 1 781 

Moray, Chas. Augustus Louis Joseph de, Ct. Fr. Statesm. 1811 . . 1865 

Moro, Antoni, or Sir Anthony More, ivhich see 1519. . 15S1 

Morone, John. Cardinal and Statesman 1509. . 1580 

Moroni, John Baptist. Ital. Historical and Portr. Painter 1510. . 1578 
Morosini, Andrew. Senator of Venice and Historian. . 1558. .1618 
Morosini, Francis. Doge of Venice and Commander . . 1618. .1694 
Morres, Harvey Redmond, Visct. Mountmorres. Writer — ..i/97 

Morris, Capt. Charles. Song Composer 1739. . 1832 

Morris, Charles. American Naval Officer i/^4- • ™5 6 

Morris, George P. American Journalist and Poet 1S02. .1864 

Morris, Gouverneur. American Patriot and Statesman 1752.. 1816 

Morris, Lewis. Welsh Antiquary and Poet 1702. . 1 765 

Morris, Richard, brother. Welsh Poet and Critic — . . 1779 

Morris, Robert. American Financier 1734- • l8 °° 

Morris, Robert, m. p. Legal Writer — • • 1818 



288 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Morris, Thomas. American Statesman 1766. .1844 

Morrison, Sir Richard. Architect 1767. .1849 

Morrison, Rev. Robert, d. d. Missionary to China. Life 

by Mrs. Morrison, 1839 1782 .. 1834 

Morse, Rev. Jedediah. American Geographer 1761 . . 1826 

Mortier, Edward Adolphus Casimir Joseph, Duke of 

Treviso. Marshal of France 1768. .1835 

Mortimer, Edmund, Third Earl of March ; married to 

Philippa 1352?. 1381 

Mortimer, Edmund. Fifth Earl of March 1392?. 1424 

Mortimer, John Hamilton. Artist 1741 . .1779 

Mortimer, Roger, Baron, of Wigmore, First Earl of 

March. Favorite of Queen Isabella 1286?. 1330 

Mortimer, Roger, Fourth Earl of March. Lieut, of Ireland 1377?. 1398 
Mortimer, Thomas. Miscell. Writer. {British Plutarch) 1730.. 1809 
Morton, Charles, of Harvard College. Writer on Phi- 
losophy and Divinity — . . 1697 

Morton, James Douglas, Earl of. Regent of Scotland; 

beheaded 1530. .1581 

Morton, James Douglas, Earl of. Philosopher & Astron. 1707. .1768 

Morton, John. Cardinal. See Moreton 1410. .1500 

Morton, John. Agriculturist. ( The Soil) 1781?. 1864 

Morton, Marcus. American Jurist and Statesman 1784. .1864 

Morton, Nathaniel. Secretary of Plymouth Colony. {New 

England's Memorial) 1612 . . 1685 

Morton, Richard, m. d. Medical Writer 1635?. 1698 

Morton, Samuel Geo., m. d. Amer. Nat. and Ethnologist 1799. • 1851 
Morton, Thomas. Bishop of Durham (1632-59). Life 

by Dean Barwiek, 1660; Baddily and Naylor, 1669. . 1564. .1659 

Morton, Thomas. Dramatic Poet 1764. . 1838 

Morveau, Guvton de. See Guyton 1737- .1816 

Moryson, or Morison, Fynes. Traveler 1566. . 1614? 

Moryson, Sir Richard. Politician, Diplom., and Author — . .1556 
Moscheroseh, John Michael. {Philander von Sittewald.) 

German Writer 1600. .1669 

Moschus. Syracusan Bucolic Poet fi. B.C. 250 

Moseley, Benjamin, d. d. Medical Writer 1739?. 1819 

Moser, Frederick Charles von. Ger. Statesm. & Publicist 1 723 . . 1 798 
Moser, George Michael. Gold Chaser and Enamel Painter 

in London 1 705 . . 1 783 

Moser, John Jacob. German Jurist 1701 . .1785 

Moser, Justus. German Statesman and Author 1720. .1794 

Moser, Miss Mary, r. a. Flower Painter — . . 1819 

Moses. Lawgiver of the Jews 1571 . 1451 B.C. 

Moses Chorenensis. Armen. Abp. {Hist, of Armenia) 11.462? 
Mosheim, John Lawrence von. {Ecclesiastical History) 1694. .1755 
Moss, Robert, Dean of Ely. Divine and Poet. {Sermons) 1666. .1729 

Mossom, Robert. Bishop of Deny. Writer — . . 1679 

Mossop, Henry. Tragedian 1 729 . . 1 772 

Mostert, or Mostaert, John. Dutch Painter H99- • J 555 

Mothe, Jane Mary de la, Madame Guyon, q.v. Mystic 1648. .1717 
Mothe le Vayer, Francis de la. Fr. Skeptic. {Dialogues) 1588. .1672 

Motherby, George, m. d. {Medical Dictionary) 1731 . .1793 

Motherwell, Wm. Journalist & Poet. L. by M'Conochy 1798. . 1835 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 289 

BORN. DIED. 

Motte, Anthony Houdart de la. French Writer 1672. 

Motte Cadillac, Anthony de la. Founder of Detroit i66o ? .aft 
Motteux, Peter Anthony. Fr. Dram. Writer in English 1660. 
Motteville, Frances Bertaut de. {Mem. of Anneof Austr.) 1621 . 

Mottley, John. Historical and Humorous Writer 1692. 

Moucheron, Frederick. The Old. Dutch Landsc. Paint. 1633. 

Moucherou, Isaac, son. Painter 1670. 

Moufet, or Mullet, Thomas, M. D. (Theati~um Insectorum) — . 

Mouhy, Charles de Fieux. Romance Writer 1702. 

Moulin, Du. See Dumoulin. 

Moultrie, William. American Revolutionary Officer. . . 1731. 

Mounier, John Joseph. French Politician 175^- 

Mountagu, or Montague, Richard. Bishop of Chichester 1578. 
Mountain, Geo. Jehoshaphat. Ld. Bp. of Quebec ; Writer 1 789 . 

Mountfort, William. Actor and Dramatic Writer 1659. 

Mountnorris, George Annesley, Earl of, and Lord Va- 

lentia, q.v i77°- 

Mourad Bey. Mameluke Chief 1750. 

Mouradja d'Ohsson, Ignatius. ( The Ottoman Empire) 1740. 

Mouret, John Joseph. French Musical Composer 1682. 

Mourgues, Matthew de. Controversial Writer 1582. 

Mourgues, Michael. French Mathematician 1642? 

Moustier, Charles Albert de. French Dramatic Writer 1760. 

Movers, Francis Charles. German Orientalist 1806. 

Moxon, Joseph. Hydrographer and Mathematical Writer 1627 . 

Moyle, Robert. Legal Writer — . 

Moyle, Walter. Political Writer 1672. 

Moyses, David. Scottish Diarist. (Affairs of Scotland) 1573. 
Mozart, John Chrysostom Wolfgang Amadeus. Musical 

Composer. Life by Edward Holmes; Herr Jahn. . . . 1756. 

Mozart, John George Leopold. German Musician I 7 I 9- 

Mozeen, Thomas. Dramatist and Song Writer — . 

Mudge, John, m.d. Physician and Mechanic. Improver 

of Telescope — . 

Mudge, Thomas. Mechanic. Improver of Chronometer 171 5. 
Mudge, William. General. Trigonometrical Surveyor 1762. 
Mudge, Rev. Zachary. Divine. Friend of Dr. Johnson — . 

Mudie, Robert. Naturalist 1 777 . 

Mudo, Fernandez el. John Fernandez Navarrete. Paint. 1524? 
Muehlenbruch, Christian Frederick. German Jurist . . 1785. 
Mueller. See Midler. 
Muellner, Amadeus Godfrey Adolphus. Ger. Dramatist 1774. 

Muencer, or Muenzer. See Miincer — . 

Muench, Ernest Hermann Joseph von. Ger. Historian 1798. 
Muenchnausen. See Miinchhausen. 

Muennich, Burchard Christopher, Count. See Munnich 1683. 
Muenster. See Miinster. 

Muenter, Balthasar. German Divine and Poet 1735 . 

Muet, Peter le. French Architect 1591 . 

Muggleton, Lodowicke. English Sectary 1609. 

Muhlenberg, Henry Ernest, d. d. American Clergyman 

and Divine 1753. 

Muhlenberg, Peter. American Revolutionary General 1746. 
Muhlenbruch, Christian Frederick. German Jurist . . . 1785. 
19 



290 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Muilman, Peter. Historian of Essex — . .1790 

Muis, Simon Marotte de. French Hebraist 1587. . 1644 

Mulcaster, Richard. Schoolmaster and Writer 1535?. 161 1 

Mulgrave, Constantine John Phipps, Earl of. Navigator 1744. .1792 
Mulgrave, John Sheffield, Earl of, and Duke of Bucks. 

Poet. ( Essay on Poetry) 1649 

Mulinari, or Molinari, John Anthony. Italian Painter. . 1577 

Miiller, Andrew. German Orientalist 1630 

Mulder, Charles Ottfried. Classical Scholar. {Dorians) 1797 

Miiller, Christian Frederick von. Engraver 1783 

Miiller, Frederick. German Painter and Poet 1750 

Miiller, Gerard Frederick. Traveler and Historian. ( Col- 
lection of Russian Histories) 1705 

Miiller, Henry. Lutheran Div. (Harmonia N. et V.Test.) 1631 
Miiller, John. Regwmontanus. Archbishop of Ratisbon. 

Astronomer and Mechanician H36 

Miiller, John. Engraver of Amsterdam fl. 1589- 

Muller, John. Mathematician and Writer on Artillery. . — 
Miiller, John von. Swiss Historian. {Universal History) 1752 

Miiller, John. German Physiologist 1801 

Miiller, John Gotthard von. Engraver 1747 

Miiller, Louis Christian. Prussian Engineer. ( Wars of 

Frederick the Great) 1 735 

Miiller, Otho Frederick. Danish Naturalist 1730 

Miiller, Peter Erasmus. Dan. Theologian and Antiquary 1776 

Miiller, William. German Writer and Lyric Poet 1794 

Muller, William John. English Artist 1812 

Miillner, Amadeus Godfrey Adolphus. Ger. Dramatist 1774 

Mulready, William, r. a. Painter 1 786 

Miineer, or Miinzer, Thomas. German Anabaptist. Life 

by Strobel — 

Miinch, Ernest Herrmann Joseph von. Ger. Historian 1798 
Miinchliausen, Gerlach Adolphus, Baron. Hanoverian 

Statesman 1688 

Miinchhausen, Jerome Charles Frederick von. {Mar- 
velous Travels.) Life by Biirgen 1720 

Munck, John. Danish Navigator 1589 

Muncker, Thomas. {Mythographi Latini) — 

Munday, Anthony. Dramatic Poet. ( City Pageants). . 1554 
Munden, Joseph Shepherd. Comedian. Life by J. S. 

Munden, 1813 1758 

Mundinus, or Mondino. Ital. Physician and Anatomist 1250 
Miinnich, Burchard Christopher, Count. Russian Mar- 
shal and Exile 1683 

Mufioz, or Mngnoz, John Baptist. Spanish Historian. . 1745 
Munro, Sir Thomas. Gov. of Madras. L. by Gleig, 1850 1760 
Miinster, Ernest Frederick Herbert, Count von. Hano- 
verian Statesman 1 766 

Munster, George Fitzclarence, Earl of 1794 

Miinster, Sebastian. Mathematician and Philologist. 

( Universal Cosmography) 1489 

Miinter, Balthasar. German Divine and Poet 1735 

Munting, Abraham. German Botanist 1626 

Miinzer. See Miineer — 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 291 

BORN. DIED. 

Murad I., Morad, or Amurath. Ottoman Sultan (1360-89) 1319. . 1389 

Murad U. (1422-51) 1404.. 1451 

Murad HI. (1574-95) 1544. .1595 

Murad IV. (1623-40) i6io?.i6 4 o 

Muralt, Beat Louis de. Swiss Traveler in Europe — . .1760 

Muralt, John. Swiss Physician and Anatomist 1645 • ■ 1 733 

Murat, Joachim. Marshal of France. King of Naples 1 771 '■. 181 5 

Muratori, Louis Anthony. Italian Historian 1672. .1750 

Muravieff, Michael Nikititch. Russian Writer 1757. . 1807 

Murdock, James, d. d. American Divine and Writer . . 1776. . 1856 

Mure, Sir William. Scottish Poet 1594. . 1657 

Mure, William, of Caldwell. Classical Writer 1799- • i860 

Muret, or Muretus, Mark Anthony. Classical Scholar. 

( Varies Lectiones) 1 526 . . 1 585 

Murger, Henry. Fr. Writer. {Scenes of Bohemian Life) 1822. .i860 

Murillo, Bartholomew Stephen. Spanish Painter 1618. .1682 

Muriniuth, Adam. Chronicler fl. 1350? 

Muris, John de. Doctor of the Sorbonne — aft. 1345 

Murner, Thomas. Ger. Satirist and Opponent of the Ref. 1475 . .1536? 



Murphy, Arthur. Writer. Transl. of Tacitus. L.byFoote 1727 
Murphy, James Cavanagh. Architect, Antiquary, and 

Traveler. (Antiquities of 'the Arabians in Sjiain) .... 1760 

Murphy, Robert. Mathematician 1806 

Murr, Christopher Theophilus von. Bibliogr. and Antiq. 1733 
Murray, Alexander, d.d. Philologist. (History of Euro- 
pean Languages) 1775 

Murray, Alexander. American Naval Officer 1755 

Murray, Lord Charles. Scottish Jacobite 1687 

Murray, Lord George. Scottish Jacobite Commander. . 1705 

Murray, Sir George. General and Statesman 1772 

Murray, Hugh. Geographical Writer. (Encyc.ofGeog.)iyyg 
Murray, James. Scot. Dissent. Div. in Lond. (Aletheia) 1702 
Murray, James. Scot. Dissenting Minister. Hist. Writer — 
Murray, or Moray, James Stuart, Earl of. Good Regent. 

Assassinated 1531 

Murray, John. American Clergyman ; 1741 

Murray, John. Physician and Natural Philosopher. .. . — 

Murray, Dr. John. Musical Composer — 

Murray, John. Publisher. 1778 

Murray, John Andrew. Physician and Naturalist 1740 

Murray, Lin dley. Grammarian. L. by self & Frank, 1826 1745 

Murray, Matthew, of Leeds. Mechanist 1763 

Murray, Nicholas, d. d. Amer. Clergyman and Author 1803 
Murray, Patrick, Fifth Lord Elibank. 'Scottish Writer. . 1703 

Murray, Sir Robert. Scottish Statesman — 

Murray, Thomas. Scottish Portrait Painter 1666 

Murray, William. Earl of Manstield. Lord Chief Jus- 
tice. Life by Halliday 1705 

Murray, William. Actor 1791 

Murray, William Vans. American Diplomatist 1762 

Musa Ibn-N osseyr. Arab Conqueror 640 

Musaeus, John Charles Augustus. German Writer. .. . 1735 
Musculus, Andrew. Lutheran Div. Writer on Prophecy — 
Musculus, Wolfgang. Protestant Reformer 1497 



.1805 

.1816 
.1843 
.1811 

.1813 
.1821 
.1729 
.1760 
.1846 
.1846 
.1758 
.1782 

.1570 
.1815 
.1820 

.1833 
.1843 
.1791 
.1826 
.1826 
.1861 
.1778 
•1673 
.1724 

•1793 
.1852 
.1803 

• 7i7 
.1787 
.1580 

• I 563 



292 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Musgrave, Sir Richard, m. p. ( Mem. of Irish Rebellions) 175&. 1818 
Musgrave, Samuel, m. d. Physician and Greek Scholar — . .1782 
Musgrave, William, m. d. Physician and Antiquary. . . 1657. .1721 

Mushet, David. Inventor in Iron 1772. . 1847 

Mushet, Robert. Writer on the Currency — . . 1828 

Musitau, Charles. Italian Medical Writer 1635 . .1714 

Musius, or Muys, Cornelius. Dutch Schol. & Lat. Poet 1503. .1572 
Musonius, Caius Rufus. Roman Stoic Philosopher. ... fl. 1st c. 
Muss, Charles. Painter in Enamel. {Holy Family) ... . — ..1824 

Mussato, Albertin. Italian Historian and Poet 1261 . .1330 

Musschenbroek, Peter van. Dutch Natural Philoso- 
pher and Mathematician 1692. . 1 761 

Musset, Louis Charles Alfred de. French Poet 1 8 10. . 1857 

Musso, Cornelius. Italian Bishop and Preacher 1511..1574 

Mustapha I. Sultan of Turkey (1617-23) — . . 1639 

Mustapha II. (1695-1703) — . .1703 

Mustapha III. (1757-74) — . . 1774 

Mustapha IV. (1807-8) — . . 1808 

Musurus, Marcus. Greek Scholar at Venice. (Etymo- 

logicum Magnum Grcecum) i47° ? - 15 17 

Mutiano, or Muziano, Jerome. Italian Painter 1528 .1590 or 2 

Mutis, Joseph Celestine. Spanish Naturalist J 734- .1808 

Muy, Louis Nicholas Victor, Ct. de. Marshal of France 1711. .1775 
Muys, Wyer William. Dutch Physician and Mathem. 1682.. 1744 
Muziano, Jerome. Italian Painter and Architect. . . . 1528. 1590 or 2 

Muzio, Jerome. Italian Writer 1496 . . 1 5 76 

Myconius, Frederick. German Reformer 1491 . .1546 

Myconius, Oswald. Swiss Reformer. ( Life of Zwingli) 1488. .1552 
Myddelton, Sir Hugh. Civil Engineer. See Middleton 1565?. 1631 

Mydorge, Claude. French Mathematician 1585 . . 1647 

Myers, Thomas, ll. r>. Writer on Geography — . . 1834 

Mylne, Robert. Architect 1734- • 181 1 

Myn, Hubert van der. Dutch Painter 1684. .1741 

Mynsicht, Adrian von. Physician and Chemist fl. 1631 

Mynster, Jacob Peter. Danish Theologian 1775 . .1854 

Myrepsus, Nicholas. Greek Physician of Alexandria. 

(Anlidotarium) fl. 13th c. 

Myron. Greek Sculptor fl. b.c. 480 

Mytens, Arnold. Flemish Painter in Italy 1541 . . 1602 

Mytens, Daniel. The Elder. Flemish Painter in Eng. 1590. .1660? 

Mytens, Daniel. Flemish Painter 1636. . 1688 

Mytens, Martin. Swedish Painter at Vienna 1695 . . 1755 

Mytton, Thomas. Parliamentarian General — . . i6s6 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 293 



N. 

BORN. DIED. 

Nabis. Tyrant of Sparta (b. c. 207-192) — B.c.192 

Nabunal, Elias de. Cardinal. Divine — . . 1367 

Nachman, Moses Ben. Spanish Rabbi J1 94- • — 

Naclantus, or Nacchiante, James. Italian Theologian. . — ..1569 

Nadab. King of Israel (b. c. 954-953) — B.c.953 

Nadeshdin, Nicolai Ivanovitch. Russian Author 1804. .1856 

Nadir Shah, or Kouli Khan. King of Persia. Life by 

Fraser, 1742; Sir Wm. Jones, tr. from Persian 1687. .1747 

Nsevius, Cneius. Roman Poet 274?. 202? b.c. 

Nagy Sandor, Joseph. Hungarian General 1804. . 1849 

Nahl, John Augustus. Prussian Sculptor 1710. .1781 

Nahnm. Hebrew Prophet fl. 7th c. B.C. 

Nairn, Caroline. Poetess 1766. . 1845 

Nairn, William Murray, Lord. Scottish Jacobite 1657. .1725 

Nakhimoff, Nicolavitch. Russian Poet 1782. .1814 

Naldi, Sebastian. Italian Singer — . .1819 

Nalson, John. Divine and Historian 1638?. 1686 

Nanek, or Nanuk. Founder of the Sikh Sect x 469. -1539 

Nangis, William de. Historian. {Life of St. Louis) .. . — ..1302? 
Nani, John Baptist. Venetian Statesm. {Hist, of Venice) 1616. .1678 
Nanni, John. Giovanni da Udino. Ornamental Artist. . 1494.. 1564 
Nanni, or Nannius, Peter. Dutch Critic and Philologist 1500. .1557 

Nannini, Agnolo. Italian Writer 1 493- • — 

Nanteuil, Robert. Fr. Miniature Painter and Engraver 1630. .1678 

Nantigni, Louis Chazot de. Genealogical Writer 1692. .1755 

Napier, Sir Chas. Admiral. L.by Maj. -Gen. Elers Napier 1786. .i860 
Napier, Sir Charles James. General; Conqueror of 

Scinde. Life by Sir W. F. P. Napier 1782. .1853 

Napier, Henry Edward. Naval Officer and Author .... 1789. .1853 
Napier, John, Lord, of Merchiston. Inventor of Loga- 
rithms. Life by Earl Buchan and Walter Minto .... 1550. .1617 

Napier, Macvey. Editor of Edinburgh Review 1776. . 1847 

Napier, Sir William Francis Patrick. General. {History 

of the Peninsular War.) Life by H. A. Bruce, 1863. . 1785 . . i860 

Napoleon I. Emperor of France. See Bonaparte 1769. .1821 

Napoleon II. King of Rome. See Bonaparte 1811. .1832 

Narbonne-Lara, Louis, Count of. French Statesman. . 1755. ■ J ^ I 3 

Narborough, Sir John. Admiral — . . 1688 

Nardi, James. Italian Historian 1476. -1556? 

Nardini, Peter. Violinist 1722. .1793 

Nares, Rev. Edmund, d. c. l. Professor at Oxford. 

( Thinks I to Myself) 1762. . 1841 

Nares, James, mus. doc Musical Composer 1715- -1783 

Nares, Rev. Robert. ( Glossary ; Chron. View of Prophecy) 1 753 . . 1829 

Narses. Byzantine General and Statesman 473 ? - 568 

Naruszewicz, Adam Stanislaus. Polish Hist, and Poet 1733. .1796 

Narvaez, Pamphila de. Spanish Commander — aft. 1528 

Nash, Abner. American Lawyer and Politician — . .1786 

Nash, Francis, brother. Soldier — . . 1 777 

Nash, Frederick. American Jurist 1781 . . 1858 



294 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Nash, John. Architect 1752. . 1835 

Nash, Richard, of Bath. Beau. Life by Goldsmith 1674. -1761 

Nash, Samuel, ll. b. Poetical Writer — . . 1829 

Nash, Thomas. Dramatist and Satiric Writer 1567. . i6oo ? 

Nash, Thomas. Miscellaneous Writer — ..1648 

Nash, Dr. Treadway Russell. (History of Worcester). . . 1726. .1811 

Nasini, Joseph Nicholas. Italian Historical Painter 1660 ? . 1736 

Nasmith, David. Scot. Philanthr. L. by Dr. Campbell 1799. .1839 

Nasmith, James, d. d. Divine and Antiquary 1740. .1808 

Nasmyth, Alexander. Scottish Landscape Painter 1758. .1640 

Nasmyth, Peter, or Patrick, son. Landscape Painter. . . 1786. .1831 
Nassir-eddin. Mahometan Philosopher and Astronomer 1201 . .1274 

Natalis, Michael, of Liege. Engraver 1609?. 1670 

Nathan, Isaac, or Mordecai. Rabbi. (Heb. Concordance) fl. 1450? 
Nattier, John Mark le. French Artist ; Professor at Paris 1685 . .1766 
Nattier, Lawrence. Engraver of Intaglios at Petersburg — ..1763 
Naude, or Naudams, Gabriel. Fr. Writer. (Naudmana) 1600. .1653 

Naude, Philip. French Mathematician at Berlin 1654. .1729 

Naudet, Thomas Charles. French Landscape Painter. . 1774.. 1810 
Naumann, John Frederick. German Ornithologist .... 1780. .1857 

Naumann, John Theophilus. German Composer 1741 . . 1801 

Naunton, Sir Robert. Statesman. (Fragmenta Regalia) 1563.. 1635 
Navagero, or Naugerius, Andrew. Ital. Orator and Poet 1483. .1529 
Navagero, Bernard. Cardinal ; Venetian Statesman and 

Scholar 1507. . 1565 

Navarette, or Navarrete, John Fernandez Ximenes de. 

El Mudo. Spanish Painter 1524?. 1577 

Navarre, Peter de. Spanish Warrior — . .1528 

Navarrete, Domingo Fernandez. Span. Miss, to China — . . 1689 
Navarrete, Martin Fernandez de. ( Coleccion de los Via- 

jes ; Coleccion de Documentos) 1765 . . 1844 

Navier, Peter Toussaint. French Physician and Chemist 1712. .1779 

Naylor, James. Enthusiast i6i6 ? . 1660 

Neal, Daniel. Divine and Hist. (Hist, of the Puritans) 1678. .1743 
Neal, Joseph C. American Miscellaneous Writer. (Char- 
coal Sketches) 1807.. 1848 

Neander, Christopher Frederick. German Poet. ( Geist- 

liche Lieder) 1 724 . . 1802 

Neander, John Augustus William. Ecclesiastical Hist. 1789. .1850 
Neander, Michael. Ger. Physician and Mathematician 1529. .1581 
Neander, Michael, of Ilfeldt. (Erotemata Graces Ling.) 1525. .1595 

Nearchus. Greek Admiral 4th c. b.c. 

Nebuchadnezzar. King of Babylon — b.c. 562 

Neck, John van. Dutch Painter 1635 • ■ I 7 1 4 

Neckar, Professor. Swiss Naturalist in Skye — . . 1862 

Neeker, James. Statesman and Financier. Life by Mme. 

de Stael 1732. . 1804 

Neeker, Noel Joseph. Dutch Bot. (Elementa Botanica) 1729. .1793 
Neeker, Susanne Curchod de Nasee, wife of James. (Re- 
flexions sur le Divorce) 1739- • *794 

Neckham, Alexander. English Abbot; Scholar & Poet — ..1227 
Needham, John Turberville. Roman Catholic Divine 

and Naturalist 1713. .1781 

Needham, or Nedham, Marchamont. Political Writer 1620.. 1678 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 295 

BORN. DIED. 

Neef, or Neefs, Peter. The Elder. Dutch Painter of Ar- 
chitecture ^ 1570- .1651 

Neele, Henry. Poet and Miscellaneous Writer 1798. .1828 

Neer, Arnold van der. Dutch Landscape Painter 1619. .1683 

Neer, Eglon Hendrick van der, son. Historical and Por- 
trait Painter 1643. .1703 

Neercassel, John de. Dutch Bishop. {Amor Pcenitens) 1626. .1686 
Nees von Esenbeck, Christian Godfrey Daniel. Ger- 
man Botanist and Naturalist 1776. . 1858 

Neff, Felix. Apostle of the Alps. L. by W. S. Gilly ; Bost 1 798 . . 1829 

Nehemiah. Governor of Judaea fl. B.C. 444 

Neledinski-Meletzki, Yourgi, or George. Russian Bal- 
lad Writer 1752 . .1829 

Neller, George Christopher. German Archaeologist .... 1709. .1783 
Nelson, David. American Physician and Clergyman . . 1793. .1844 
Nelson, Horatio, Viscount. Admiral. Life bv Harrison, 

1806; Clarke & McArthur, 1809; Sou they; Pettigrew 1758. .1805 
Nelson, Robert. ( Fasts and Festivals. ) Life by Secretan 1656 . .1715 
Nelson, Thomas. American Revolutionary Officer and 

Statesman 1738. .1789 

Nelson, William. American General 1825 . . 1862 

Nelson, Wolfred, m. d. Canadian Physician, Politician, 

and Philanthropist 1802. . 1863 

Nemesianus, Marcus Aurelius Olympius. Latin Poet. 

( Cynegetica) fl. 283 

Nemesius. Bp. ofEmesa. Philos. {De Natura Hominis) 6.400? 
Nemours, Mary de Longueville, Duchess de. ( Memoirs 

of the Court of France) 1625 . .1707 

Nennius. Abbot of Bangor. Historian fl. 620? 

Neper, or Napier. Inventor of Logarithms. See Napier 1550. .1617 

Nepomucen, John, St., or John of Nepomuck 1320. .1383 

Nepos, Cornelius. Rom. Historian. ( Vita. Imperatorum) fl. ti. Aug. 
Nepos, Flavius Julius. Emperor of the West (473-80). . — .. 480 

Neri, Philip de, St. Founder of the Oratory 1515 . .1595 

Neri, Pompeio. Italian Political Economist i7°7- • 1 77& 

Nerli, Philip. Italian Historian 1485 . .1556 

Nero. Roman Emperor (54-68) 37. . 68 

Nerva. Roman Emperor (96-98) 32 . . 98 

Nesbit, Anthony. Writer on Land Surveying & Agricul. 1777 7 . 1859 
Nesbit, Alexander. Scott. Antiquary and Heraldic Writer 1672. .1725 

Nesle, — de. French Poetical and Prose Writer — . .1767 

Nesse, Christopher. Nonconformist Divine. L. by Silver 1621 . .1705 
Nesselrode, Charles Robert, Count von. Russ. Diplom. 1780. .1862 

Nestor. Earliest Russian Chronicler io56 ? .iii6 ? 

Nestorius. Patriarch of Constantinople ; Heresiarch . . — .. 450? 

Netscher, Constantine. Painter 1670.. 1722 

Nelscher, Gaspar. Flemish Painter 1639. . 1684 

Netscher, Theodore, son. Painter 1661 . . 1732 

Netter, Thomas. English Carmelite; Theologian 1367?. 1430 

Nettlebladt, Christian, Baron de. Swedish Writer .... 1696. .1776 

Nettlebladt, Daniel. German Jurist i7 ! 9- • *79i 

Nettleton, Dr. Asahel. American Revival Preacher. 

Life by Bennet Tyler 1783 . . 1844 

Neubauer, Ernest Frederick. Ger. Theol. and Antiq. 1641?. 1684 



296 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Neuhof, Theodore Stephen, Baron von. German Adven- 
turer. King of Corsica 1690. .1756 

Neukirch, Benjamin. German Poet 1665 . .1729 

Neukomm, Sigismund, Chevalier. German Composer 1778. .1857 

Neumann, Gaspar. German Chemist 1682. . 1737 

Neumann, John George. German Lutheran Divine . . . 1661 . .1709 

Neuville, Charles Frey de. Jesuit Preacher ^93 . 1774 

Neuville, Didier Peter Chicaneau de. ( Dictionnaire Phi- 

losophique) 1720. .1781 

Nevile, or Nevyle, Alex. Poet & "Writer; tr. of (Edipus 1544. .1614 
Nevile, Henry. Republican Writer. (Plato Redivivus) 1620.. 1694 
Nevile, Thomas. Dean of Canterbury; Benefactor to 

Trinity College — . . 1615 

Neville, Kev. Robert, b. d. Divine and Dramatist — . .1694 

Newburgh, William of. Historian 1136. .1208 

Newcastle, Henry Clinton, Duke of. Statesman 181 1 . .1864 

Newcastle, Henry Pelham Fiennes Pelham Clinton, 

Duke of. Statesman 1785 . . 1851 

Newcastle, Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of. Life by 

self and Brydges — . . 1673 

Newcastle, Thomas Holies Pelham, Duke of. Statesm. 1694. .1768 
Newcastle, Win. Cavendish, Duke of. Royalist & Writer 1592. . 1676 

Newcome, Rev. Henry. Divine and Author — •• I 7 I 3 

Newcome, Rev. Peter. Divine and Author 1656. .1738 

Newcome, William. Archbishop of Armagh i7 2 9- • 1800 

Newcomen, Matthew. Nonconformist Divine — ..1766 

Newdigate, Sir Roger. Founder of Prize at Oxford. . . 1719. .1806 
Newell, Mrs. Harriet (Atwood). American Missionary. . 1793. • x ^ 12 

Newell, Robert Hassell, b. d. Editor of Goldsmith 1780. .1852 

Newell, Samuel. American Missionary I 7&4- • 1821 

Newland, John. Abbot. Diplomatist. — • I 5 I 5 

Newland, Peter. Dutch Mathematician 1764 . .1794 

Newman, Rev. John. Translator of Xenophon — . .1719 

Newman, Wm., d. d. Bapt. Minister. L. by G.Prichard 1772. .1835 

Newman, William Lewis. Miscellaneous Writer 1760. . 1834 

Newport, George. Naturalist and Physiologist 1803. . 1854 

Newton, Gilbert Stuart, r. a. Painter 1794- - 1835 

Newton, Henry, ll. d. Diplomatist and Latin Poet. ... — . .1715 
Newton, Sir Isaac. Life bv Fontenelle, 1728 (in English 
same year); Frisi, 1778'; Biot, 1822; Brewster, 1831 
(also in German and French); De Morgan, 1833; 
Whewell (Newton and Flamsteed), 1836; Correspond- 
ence with Cotes, 1850; Brewster, 1855 1642.. 1727 

Newton, John, d. d. Mathematician and Divine 1622. . 1678 

Newton, Rev. John. ( Cardiphonia.) Life by Rd. Cecil 1725. .1807 
Newton, Richard. Canon of Christ Church, Oxford; 

Benefactor 1676?. 1753 

Newton, Robert, d. d. Scottish Clergyman 1780. . 1854 

Newton, Thomas. Latin Poet and Divine, Historical 

and Medical Writer — . . 1607 

Newton, Thomas. Bishop of Bristol. ( On the Prophe- 
cies.) Life by self i7°4- .1782 

Newton, William. (History of Maidstone) — . . 1744 

Newton, William. The Peak Minstrel — . . 1830 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 297 

BORJf. DIED. 

Key, Joseph Napoleon, Prince of the Moskva 1803. . 1857 

Ney, Michael. Marshal of France 1769. .1815 

Nibby, Anthony. Roman Archaeologist 1792 . . 1839 

Nicaise, Claude. French Scholar 1623. .1701 

Nicander. Greek Poet and Grammarian fl. 2d c. B.C. 

Nicander, Charles Augustus. Swedish Poet *799- • ^39 

Niccola di Pisa. II Pisano. Sculptor and Architect 1200 '.aft. 12 73 

Niceoli, Nicholas. Restorer of Learning 1363. • 1437 

Niccolini, John Baptist. Italian Poet 1 785 . . 1861 

Nicephorus I. Emp. of the East (802-11). Logotketa — . . 811 

Nicephorus II. (963-69.) Phocas 9 I2? - 9 6 9 

Nicephorus III. (1078-81.) Botoniates — aft.1081 

Nicephorus. Patriarch of Constantinople. {Breviarium) 758.. 828 
Nicephorus Callistus. Monk of Constantinople. {Ec- 
clesiastical History) fl- 145°' 

Nicephorus Gregoras. Byzantine Historian 1295?. 1359? 

Niceron, John Francis. Optical Writer 1613. . 1646 

Niceron, John Peter. French Biographer 1685 . .1738 

Nicetas, Acominatus. Byzantine Historian — . . 1216? 

Nichol, John Pringle, ll. d. Prof, of Astron. at Glasgow 1S04. . 1859 

Nicholas I. Pope (858-67). The Great —..867 

Nicholas II. (1058-61.) Gerard — . .1061 

Nicholas III. (1277-80.) John Cajetan —..1280 

Nicholas IV. (1288-92.) Jerome of Ascoli — . . 1292 

Nicholas V. (1447-55.) Thomas Parentucelli, or of 

Sarzana. Life by Manetti; Georgi, 1742 1398 . . 1455 

Nicholas I. Emperor of Russia (1825-55). Life by Miss 

Mayne; E. H. Michelsen 1796. . 1855^ 

Nicholas, Abraham. Penman 1692?. 1744? 

Nieholls, Frank, m. r>. Medical Writer 1699. .1778 

Nieholls, Sir Geo. Publicist. {History of the Poor Laics) 1780. .1865 
Nieholls, William. Divine. ( Conference with a Theist) 1664. .1712? 

Nichols, Ichabod, d. d. American Divine 1784- • I 859 

Nichols, James. Printer and Writer. {Arminianism and 

Calvinism) — • .1861 

Nichols, John. Printer, with Bowyer. {Anec. ofBowyer) 1745 • • I§26 

Nichols, John Bowyer. Printer and Archaeologist 1807?. 1863 

Nicholson, Alfred." Painter in Water Colors — . . 1S36 

Nicholson, James. American Naval Officer 1737 • • 1804 

Nicholson, John. Dramatic Writer — . . 1822 

Nicholson, John. Brigadier-General; fell at Delhi .... 1821 . . 1857 
Nicholson, William. Chemist and Natural Philosopher 1758. . 1815 

Nicias. Athenian General in Sicily — B.C. 413 

Nicias. Athenian Painter • • A. B.C. 320 

Nicolai, Christopher Frederick. Ger. Bookseller & Writ. 1733. .iS 11 
Nicolai, John, of Paris. Theologian; Editor of Aquinas 1594?. 1673 

Nicolas, of Cusa. Bishop of Brixen. Theologian 1401 . . 1454 

Nicolas, of Lyra. Biblical Commentator — ■• I 34° 

Nicolas, Sir Nicholas Harris. Antiquary 1799- • lS 48 

Nicolaus Myrepsus. Greek Medical Writer h\ 1240-80? 

Nicolay, Louis Henry, Baron. German Poet 1737 ■ -1820 

Nicole, Claude. French Poet 161 1 . . 1685 

Nicole, Francis. French Mathematician 1683. .1758 

Nicole, Peter. Jansenist of Port Royal. {Essais de Morale) 1625.. 1695 



298 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Nieoll, Robert. Scottish Poet; Editor of Leeds Times . . 1814. .1837 
Nicollet, J. N. Fr. Astronomer and Geological Explorer 1795?. l &43 

Nicolo del Abbate. Italian Painter 1512..1572 

Nicolo Isouard. French Dramatic Writer 1777 . . 1818 

Nicolosio, John Baptist. Sicilian Geographer 1610. . 1670 

Nicolson, William. Archbishop of Cashel. Antiquary 1655. .1727 
Nicomedes I. King of Bithynia; Founder of Nicomedia — B.C. 250? 

Nicomedes II. (b. c. 149-91.) Epiphnnes — b.c. 91 

Nicomedes III. (b. c. 9.1-74.) Philopator — B.C. 74 

Nicon, or Nikon. Patriarch of Russia. Historian 1605.. 168 1 

Nicot, John. French Statesman; introduced Tobacco. . 1530. .1600 
Nidhard, John Everard. Cardinal. Spanish Statesman 1608. .1681 
Niebuhr, Barthold George. German Historian. {His- 
tory of Rome.) L. byBunsen; Brandis & Loebell, 1851 1776. .1831 

Niebuhr, Carsten. Traveler and Biographer ^7Z2>- • 1815 

Wield, James. Philanthropist 1 744 . . 1814 

Niemcewicz, Julian Ursin. Polish Author & Statesman 1757..1841 
Niemeyer, Augustus Hermann. German Theologian 

and Miscellaneous Writer 1754. . 1828 

Niepce, Joseph Nic^phore. French Chemist; one of the 

Inventors of Photography 1769 . . 1833 

Nieremberg, John Eusebius. Spanish Jesuit 1590. ■ 1658 

NieuhofT, John. Dutch Voyager — aft.1671 

Nieulandt, William van der. Dutch Painter and Writer 1584. . 1635 
Nieuport, Charles Francis Ferdinand Anthony de Preud'- 

homme d'Hailly, Viscount de. Dutch Mathematician 1746. .1827 
Nieuwentyt, Bernard. Dutch Philosopher and Mathem. 1654. .1718 
Nieuwland, Peter. Dutch Poet and Natural Philosopher 1764. .1794 

Nifo, or Niphus, Augustinus. Italian Philosopher I 473 ? - 1538 

Niger, Pescennius. Pretender to the Rom. Emp. (193-94) — .. 194 

Nightingale, Joseph. Unitarian Minister; Writer 1775.. 1824 

Nikon. Russian Patriarch. Theologian 1605 . . 1681 

Niles, Hezekiah. American Journalist. {Niles' s Register) 1777.. 1839 
Niles, John Milton. American Author and Statesman. . 1787. .1856 
Niles, Nathaniel. Amer. Clergyman, Inventor, and Polit. 1741 . .1828 
Nisbet, or Nesbit, Alexander. Antiq. & Heraldic Writer 1672. .1725 

Nithard, Count of Ponthieu. Historian 790?. 859? 

Nithisdale, Wm. Maxwell, Fifth E. of. Scottish Jacobite 1702. . 1744 

Nivelle de la Chaussee, Peter Claude. Dramatist 1692. .1754 

Nivernais, Louis Julius Barbon Mancini-Marini, Duke 

de. Diplomatist and Writer 1716. .1798 

Nixon, John. Divine, Poet, and Natural Philosopher .. . — ..1777 

Nizam al Mulk. Persian General and Statesman 1648?. 1748 

Nizami, or Nidhami. Persian Poet — . . 1180 

Nizzoli, or Nizolius, Marius. {Thesaurus Ciceronianus) 1498. .1566 

Noah. Patriarch 2948?. 1998? B.C. 

Noah, Mordecai Manuel. Amer. Journalist and Politician 1785 . . 185 1 
Noailles, Adrian Maurice, Duke of. Marshal of France 

and Statesman 1678. . 1766 

Noailles, Anthony de. Admiral of France. Ambassa- 
dor to Mary of England 1504. .1582 

Noailles, Francis de, brother. Ambassador in Eng., 1556 15 19. . 1585 
Noailles, Louis Anthony de. Cardinal Archbp. of Paris 165 1 . .1729 
Noailles, Louis Mary, Viscount. General 1756. . 1804 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 299 

BORN. DIED. 

Noble, Edward. Hydrographer & Writer on Perspective — . .1784 

Noble, Eustace le. "Historian, Poet, and Romancist 1643. .1711 

Noble, Rev. Mark. Historian and Antiquary — . . 1827 

Noble, Samuel. Clergyman and Author *779- -1853 

Noble, Thomas. Journalist, Novelist, Poet — --1837 

Nobrega, Manuel da. Port. Jesuit; Missionary to Brazil — ..1570 

Nodier, Charles. French Writer i783 ? • x ^44 

Noehden, or Nohden, George Henry. Grammarian and 

Medalist in England *77 - r -1826 

Nogarola, Isotta, of Verona. Scholar 1430?. 1466 

Nogarola, Louis. Italian Scholar and Tridentine Divine 1509?. 1559 
Noinville, James Bernard Durey de. ( Hist, of the Opera) 1682 . . 1 768 

Noire, John le. French Jansen'ist Writer 1622. . 1692 

Nolan, Michael. Writer of Law Books — . . 1827 

Noldius, Christian. Danish Divine and Biblical Writer 1626. .1683 

Nolirij Denis. French Biblical Critic 1648. .1710 

Nollekens, Francis Joseph. Antwerp Painter in London 1688 . . 1 748 
Nollekens, Joseph, son. Sculptor. Life by J. T. Smith 1737. .1823 
Nollet, John Anthony. Abbe. Natural Philosopher. .. 1700. .1770 

Nomsz, John. Dutch Poet I73 8 - • l8 °3 

Nonnius, or Nunez, Peter. Port. Mathem. & Physician 1492?. 1577 
Nonnius Pincianus. Spanish Scholar. See Nunez .. 147c 7 . 1553 
Nonnus. Greek Poet. (Dionysiaca; Paraphr.ofSt.John) rl. 410- 
Nonnus, or Nonus. Greek Phys. ('En-tTojaT) rijs carpuoj?) ' fl. 950-'' 

Noodt, Gerard. Dutch Jurist. Life by Barbeyrac 1647. .1725 

Noradin, or Noureddin. Sultan of Syria and Egypt ... 1116. . 1174 

Norbert, St. Founder of Premontre Order 1092?. 1 134 

Norbert, Peter Parisot. (Sur les Missions des Indes). . . . 1697. .1769 
Nordberg, Joran, or George. Swedish Divine and Hist. 1677. .1744 

Norden, Frederick Louis. Danish Traveler 1708. .1742 

Norden, John. Topographer. (Sur-vey of Middlesex). . 1548?. 1626? 
Nordenfleicht, Chederig Charlotte de. Swedish Poetess 1749. . 1793 
Nores, Jason de. Ital. Philosopher and Political Writer — . .1590 

Norfolk, Charles Howard, Duke of. Politician 1746. .1815 

Norfolk, Thomas Howard, Earl of Surrey, and Third 

Duke of. Commander 1473- • T 554 

Norgate, Edward. Windsor Herald ; Illuminator — . . 1650 

Noris, Henry. Ital. Cardinal. {History of Pelagianism) 1631 . .1704 
Normanby/ Constantine Henry Phipps, Marquess of. 

Statesman 1797- • i g6 3 

Normandy, Dr. Alphonse. Chemist and Writer 181 1 ? . 1864 

Norris, James, of Devizes. Miser — . . 1835 

Norris, John. English Platonist. (Essay on IdealWorld) 1657. .1711 

Norris, Sir John. Admiral. Foul-weather Jack — . . 1749 

Norris, John. Founder of Professorship and Prize 1734. . 1777 

North, Dudlev, Third Lord. Courtier and Writer 1581 . . 1666 

North, Dudlev, Lord, son. {Life of Edward Lord North) 1604 . . 1677 
North, Sir Dudley. Lord of the Treasury. Writer on 

the Turks. Life by Roger North 1641 . . 1691 

North, Edward, Lord. Lawyer 1496?. 1564 

North, Francis. First Baron Guilford. Lord Keeper. 

Life by Roger North 1637. . 1685 

North, Fred., Second Earl Guilford. Premier; Ld. North 1732. .1792 
North, Rev. George. Antiquary 1710. . 1772 



300 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

North, John, d. d. Master of Trinity College. Life by 

Roger North 1645 . . 1683 

North, Roger, Lord. Statesman and Soldier i53i ? . 1600 

North, Roger. Att.-Gen. (Examen; Lives of the Norths) i65o ? .i734 

North, Sir Thomas. Translator and Author 1535 ? . aft. 15 79 

Northampton, Spencer J. A. Compton, Marquess of . . . . 1790. .1851 

Northcote, James. Painter and Writer on Art 1746. . 1831 

Northouck, John. (History of London) 1746. . 1816 

Northumberland, Algernon Percy, Duke of 1792. ^1865 

Northumberland, Henry Percy, E. of; father of Hotspur — . .1408 
Northumberland, Henry Percy, Ninth Earl of. Wizard 1564. . 1632 
Northumberland, John Dudley, Duke of; beheaded. . . 1502. .1553 
Norton, Andrews. American Scholar and Theologian. 

( Genuineness of the Gospels) . . : 1786. . 1853 

Norton, Fletcher,' Lord Grantley — . .1789 

Norton, Frances, Lady. Moral Writer. (Memento Mori) 1650. .1720 

Norton, Piev. John. Writer 1606. . 1663 

Norton, Samuel. Writer on Alchemy 1548. . i599 ? 

Norton, Thomas. Archicarnifex. Persecutor and Writer 1532.. 1584 

Norwood, Richard. Mathematician fl. 1635 

Nostradamus, Michael de. Physician and Astrologer. . 1503. .1566 

Nothelm. Archbishop of Canterbury (735—41) — . . 741 

Notker, or Notger, The Stammerer, of St. Gall. Writer.. 830?. 912 
Notker, or Notger. Bishop of Liege. (History of the 

Bishops of Liege) — . . 1008 

Nott, Abraham. American Judge and Politician 1767. .1830 

Nott, Eliphalet, d. d. American Educator 17 73- • 1866 

Nott, Henry Junius. American Scholar and Author. .. . 1797.. 1837 

Nott, John, m. d. Poet and Orientalist 1751 . .1826 

Nott, Sir Thomas, f. r. s — . . 1681 

Nott, Sir William, K. c. b. General in the Afghan War 1782. . 1845 
Nottingham, Daniel Finch, Earl of. Statesm. and Theol. 1647 . . 1 730 
Nottingham, Heneage Finch, cr. Earl of. Lord. Chanc. 1621. .1682 

Noue, Denis de la, of Paris. Printer — . .1650 

Noue, Francis de la. Bras de Fer. Huguenot Soldier. 

(Discourses) 1531 . . 1591 

Noureddin Mahmoud. Sultan of Syria and Egypt. . . 11 16. .1174 

Nour-jehan. Sultana of Hindostan 1585 . . 1645 

Nourse, Sir Charles. Surgeon i7!4- -1789 

Novalis, or Frederick von Hardenberg. German Writer 1772 .. 180 1 
Novarini, Louis. Biblical Commentator, of Verona . . . 1594. .1650 

Novatian. Antipope (251) fi. 25 1 

Novello, Edward Petre. Painter — . . 1836 

Novello, Vincent. Musician. L. by Mrs. Cowden Clarke 1781 . . i86r 
Noverre, John George. French Writer on Dancing. .■. . 1727. .1810 

Noves, Laura de ; loved by Petrarch 1307 . .1348 

Novikoff, Nich. Ivanovitch. Editor of Russian Authors 1744. .1818 
Nowell, Alexander. Dean of St. Paul's. ( Catechism.) 

Life by Churton, 1809 1507 or 8.1602 

Nowell, Lawrence, brother. Dean of Lichfield; Saxonist 

and Antiquary 1516?. 1576 

Noy, William. Attorney-General 1577. . 1634 

Noyes, William Curtis. American Jurist 1805 . . 1864 

Nuek, Anthony. Dutch Physician and Anatomist i66o ? . 1692? 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 



301 



Nugent, Christopher, Lord Delvin 

Nugent, Eugene. Journalist 

Nugent, George Grenville, Lord. Poet and Misc. Writer 

Nugent, Maria, Lady 

Nugent, Robert Craggs, Earl. Poet 

Nugent, Thomas. Miscellaneous Writer and Translator 

Numerian. Roman Emperor (283) 

Nunez, Alvar Cabeca de Vaca. Explorer. 

Nunez, Ferdinand de Guzman. Nonnius Pincianus. Pro- 
moter of Greek learning in Spain. Life by A. Schott 
Nunez, or Nonnius, Peter. Portuguese Mathematician . . 

Nutt, Robert. Pirate ; hanged at the Groyne 

Nuttall, Thomas. American Naturalist 

Nuwayri. Arabian Historian 

Nuzzi, Mario. DeTiori. Italian Flower Painter 

Nye, Philip. Nonconformist Divine 

Nyerup, Nasmus. Danish Antiquary 

Nysten, Peter Hubert. Phys. and Physiologist at Paris 



BORN. 

1544. 



1709-' 



1470' 
1492 

1786 
1281 

1603 

1596 

1759 
1771 



DIED. 
l6o2 

1835 
.1851 
.1834 
.1788 
.1772 
283 
,1564 

*553 

1577 
■ x ^32 
.1859 

i33i ? 
•1673 
.1672 
.1829 
.1818 



302 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 



o. 

DORN. DIED. 

Oakes, Urian. President of Harvard College 1631 . . 1681 

Oastler, Richard. Political Writer — . . 1861 

Oates, Titus. Contriver of the " Popish Plot " 1619?. 1705 

Obadiah. Hebrew Prophet fl. 6th c. B.C. 

Obeidah, or Abu-Obeidah. Saracen Conqueror 581 . . 639 

O'Beirne, Thomas Lewis. Bishop of Meath 1748. .1823 

Oberkampf, Christopher Philip. Promoter of Cotton 

Manufacture in France 1738. .1815 

Oberlin, Jeremiah James. Philologist and Antiquary. 

Life by Winckler 1735 - - J 8o6 

Oberlin, John Frederick. French Philanthropist 1740. .1826 

Obrecht, Ulric, of Strasburg. Philologist 1646. .1701 

Obrenovitch, Milosh. Servian Soldier 1 780 ' l . i860 

O'Brien, Henry. (Round Towers of Ireland) — . . 1835 

O'Brien, John. Rom. Catholic Bishop of Cloyne and Ross — . . 1775 

O'Brien, Sir Lucius. Writer on Trade — . .1795 

O'Brien, William Smith. Irish Politician 1803?. 1864 

Ocaritz, Joseph, Chevalier d\ Spanish Diplomatist. . . . 1750. . 1805 
Occam, or Ockham, Win. Invincible Doctor. Schoolman — --1347 

Occleve, Thomas. Poet 1370?. 1454? 

Ocellus Lucanus. Pythagorean Philosopher fl. 5th c. b.c. 

Ochinus, Bernardin. Protestant Reformer 1487. .1564 

Ochs, Peter, of Basle. Politician. (History of Basle). . 1749. .1821 

Ochterlony, Sir David. British General 1758. . 1S25 

Ockley, Rev. Simon. Orientalist 1678. .1720 

O'Connell, Daniel. Irish Agitator. Life by Daunt, 1848 ; 

W. Fagan; John O'Connell 1775. .1847 

O'Connor, Arthur. Leader in Irish Rebellion of 1798. . 1763. .1852 

O'Connor, Charles. Historical Writer — . .1828 

O'Connor, Feargus Edward. Chartist 1795 or 6. 1855 

Octavia. Sister of Augustus — b.c. i i 

Octavianus, or Augustus. Roman Emperor B.C.63.A.D.14 

O'Curry, Eugene. Irish Professor and Archaeologist ... — . . 1862 

Odazzi, John. Painter and Engraver 1663?. 1731 

Odenatus. King of Palmyra, husband of Zenobia — . . 267 

Oderico, Gaspar Louis. Antiquary and Medalist 1725 . .1803 

Odescalchi, Mark Anthony. Philanthropist, of Rome . . — ..1670 

Odescalchi, Thomas. Philanthropist, of St. Gale — . .1692 

Odespung de la Meschiniere, Louis. Document Coll. 1597. . — 

Odevaere, Josephus Dionysius. Historical Painter 1778. . 1830 

Odington, Walter. Walter of Evesham. Writer on Mu- 
sic and Astronomy ti. Hen. III. 

Odo, St. Abbot of Cluny 879 . . 943 

Odo, St. Archbishop of Canterbury (942-58) 875?. 961 

Odo, Bishop of Bayeux, brother of William the Con- 
queror — . . 1097 

Odo of Kent. Abbot of Battle ; Friend of Becket — . . 1200 

Odoacer. Gothic King of Italy f 476-93) — . . 493 

O'Donovan, Dr. John. Irish Archaeologist 1808?. 1861 

Odoran, of Sens. Chronica Berum in Orbe Gestarum) 985. aft. 1045 



A BEIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 303 

BORN. DIED. 

CEcolampadius, John. German Reformer. L. by "Wolf- 
gang Capito, tr. by Callesian, 1561; Simon Prynaeus 1482. .1531 
Oeder, Geo. Christian. Phys. and Bot. (Flora JJanica) 1728. .1791 

Oehlenschlaeger, Adam Gottlob. Dramatic Poet 1779- • I ^5o 

Oelrichs, John Charles Conrad. Ger. Hist, and Bibliog. 1722. .1798 
Oelschlaeger, or Olearius, Adam. Traveler and Orient. i599 ? . 1671 
Oernhielm, Claudius. Arrlienius. Swedish Historian . . 1627.. 1695 

Oersted, Andrew Sandoe. Danish Statesman 1778. . i860 

Oersted, Hans Christian, br. Danish Electro-magnetist 1777. .1851 
Oetinger, Frederick Christopher. German Theologian. . 1702. .1782 

Offor, George. Biographer of Bunyan 1786'. 1864 

Ogden, James, of Manchester. Poetical Writer — . . 1802 

Ogden, Dr. Samuel. Divine 1716. .1778 

Oggione, or Uggione, Mark da. Milanese Painter 1480?. 1530 

Ogier, Charles. French Scholar 1595 . ■ 1654 

Ogilby, or Ogilvy, John. Poet and Classical Translator 1600. .1676 

Ogilvie, John. Scottish Poet and Divine *733- • J 8i4 

Oginski, Michael Casimir. Polish Patriot 1731 . . 1803 

Oginski, Michael Cleofas, nephew. Composer 1765 . . 1831 

Ogle, Right Hon. George, M. p. Ballad Writer — . . 1814 

Oglethorpe, James. General i688 ? . 1 785 

O'Halloran, Sylvester. Antiquary and Historian 1728. .1807 

O'Hara, Kane. Irish - Dramatist — . .1782 

Ohlmuller, or Ohhuueller, Daniel Joseph. Ger. Architect 1791 . . 1839 

Ohmacht, Landelin. German Sculptor 1760. . 1834 

Oisel, James. Critic and Medalist 1631 . . 1686 

O'Keeffe, John. Dramatist. Life by self, 1826 1747. .1833 

Oken, Lawrence. Swiss Naturalist 1779- • ^S 1 

Okolski, Simon. Polish Historian. ( Orbis Pohnus) ... fl. 1650 

Oktai-Khan. Tartar Conqueror — . . 1241 

Olaf. See Olaus. 

Olafsen, Eggert. Icelandic Scholar 1721 . .1768 

Olahus, Nicholas. Hungarian Prelate and Historian . . . 1493. .1568 

Olaus I. King of Norway. Trygvason 956. . 1000 

Olaus II. The Fat and The Saint 992?. 1030 

Olaus III. The Pacific — . . 1093 

Olaus IV 1098. .1116 

Olaus V 1371. .1387 

Olaus Magnus. Antiquary. {De Gentibus Septentrion.) 1500'. 1568 
Olavide, Paul Anthony Joseph. Spanish Statesman. 

( Triumph of the Gospel) 1725 . . 1803 

Olbers, Henry William Matthias. German Astronomer 1758. .1S40 
Oldeastle, Sir John, Lord Cobham. Protestant Martyr 1360'. 141 7 

Oldenburg, Henry. German Writer 1626. .1678 

Oldenburger, Philip Andrew. Jurist of Geneva — . . 1678 

Oldermann, John, of Hehnstadt. Scholar i6S6 ? . 1723 

Oldfield, Anne. Actress 16S3. .1730 

Oldfield, Thomas. Parliamentary Historian — ..1822 

Oldham, John. Poet. Life by E. Thompson 1653 . . 1683 

Oldisworth, Wm. Polit. and' Poet. Transl. of Horace — --I734 

Oldmixon, John. Historian 1673. .1742 

Oldys, William. Norroy King-at-Arms. Biographer . . 16S7. .1761 
Olearius, or Oelschlaeger, Adam. Traveler and Orient. 1599?. 1671 
Olearius, Godfrey. Lutheran Divine 1604. . 1685 



304 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Olearius, Godfrey, of Leipsic. Philosopher and Theol. 1639.. 1713 
Olearius, Godfrey, son. Theologian and Philosopher. . . 1672. .1715 
O'Leary, Arthur. Irish Roman Catholic Preacher and 

Political Writer 1729. .1802 

Oleaster, Jerome. Portuguese Biblical Commentator . . — . . 1 563 

Olenschlager. See Oehlenschlaeger 1779.. 1850 

Olin, Stephen. American Clergyman and Writer 1797- .1851 

Oliva, Alexander. Cardinal. Preacher and Theologian 1408. .1463 

Oliva, John. Italian Antiquary 1689. .1757 

Olivarez, Gaspar de Guzman, Duke of. Spanish Statesm. 1587. .1645 
Olive, Peter John de. Writer on Papal Corruptions. . . . 1247. . 129S 
Oliveerantz, John Paulin. Swed. Statesm. & Latin Poet 1633. .1707 
Oliver, Andrew. Lieutenant-Governor of Massachusetts 1707. .1774 
Oliver, George, r>. d. Rom. Cath. Antiq. ; Writ, on Devon 1781 . . 1861 

Oliver, Isaac. English Portrait Painter 1556. .1617 

Oliver, Peter, son. Portrait Painter 1601 . . 1654? 

Oliver, Peter. Chief Justice and Antiquary 1712. . 1791 

Oliver, William, m. d., of Bath. Writ, on the* Bath Waters — . . 1 764 
Olivet, Joseph Thoulier d\ Fr. Writer; Editor of Cicero 1682. .1768 
Olivetan, Robert. Fr. Reformer and Translator of Bible — . .1538 
Oliveyra, Francis Xavier de. Port. Prot, ( Oliveyriana) 1702.. 1783 
Olivier, Claude Matt. Fr. Scholar. (Philip of Macedon) 1701 . .1736 
Olivier, William Anthony. Fr. Traveler and Naturalist 1756. .1814 
Olivieri degli Abbati, Annibal. Antiquary, of Pesaro 1708. .1789 
Olmos, Francis Andrew de. Spanish Poet and Philolo- 
gist in Mexico — --1571 

Olmsted, Denison. American Savant 1791 . . 1859 

Olmutz, Augustinus von, of Moravia. Reviver of Learn. 1470?. 1513 
Olshausen, Hermann. German Protestant Theologian 1796.. 1839 

Olybrius, Flavius Anicius. Roman Emperor (472) — . . 472 

Olympias, wife of Philip of Macedon — B.C. 316 

Olympiodorus. Platonic Philosopher of Alexandria. . . fl. 520' 

Omar I. Caliph (634-44). Captor of Jerusalem 581 . . 644 

Omar H. Caliph (717-20) — . . 720 

Omar-ibn-Hafssun. Spanish Rebel — . . 883 

O'Meara, Barrv Edwards. Writ. ( Voice from St. Helena) 1778. . 1836 

Omri. King o*f Israel ( B.C. 929-918) — B.c.918 

Onatas, of JEgina. Sculptor and Painter fl. B.C. 460'' 

Onderdonk, Benjamin Treadwell. Amer. Episc. Bishop 1791 . . 1861 

Onkelos. Rabbi. (Targnm) 2d or 3d c. 

Onslow, Arthur, m. p. Speaker 1691 . .1768 

Onslow, George. French Musical Composer 1784. . 1852 

Onuphrius, Panvinius. Hist. Continuator of Platina 1529. .1568 
Oort, Adam van. Painter of Perspective & Architecture 1557. .1641 

Oost, Jacob van. Flemish Painter i6oo ? . 1671 

Oost, Jacob van, son. Younger. Portrait Painter 1637. 1713 

Opie, Mrs. Amelia. Novelist. Life by Brightwell, 1854 1769. .1853 
Opie, John. Historical Painter. Life by Amelia Opie. . 1 761. .1807 

Opitz, or Opitius, Henry. German Orientalist 1642. .1712 

Opitz, or Opitius, Martin. German Poet 1597 . . 1639 

Oporinus, John. Printer and Scholar 1507. .1568 

Oppede, John de Maynier, Baron d\ Persec. of Yaudois 1495 • • I 55^ 

Oppian. Greek Poet fl. ab. 180 

Opsopseus, John. Ger. Phys. ; Ed. of Sibylline Oracles 1556. .1596 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 305 

BORN. DIED. 

Orange, Frederick Henry, Prince of. Stadtholder 1584. . 1647 

Orange, Morris, Prince of. Stadtholder 1567.. 1625 

Orange, William I., Prince of. The Silent. Assassinated 1533. .1584 

Orange, William II., Prince of. Stadtholder 1626. . 1650 

Orange, William III., Prince of. Stadtholder and King 

Of En-land 1650. .1702 

Orbigny, Alcide d\ French Naturalist 1802. . 1857 

Orcagna, Orgagna, or L'Arcagnuolo. Andrea di done. 

Painter, Sculptor, Architect *3 2 9- -1389 

Orel, John Walker. Topographer, Poet, Medical Writer 181 1. .1853 

Ordericus Vitalis. Historian 1075. aft. n 43 

Oregius, Augustine. Italian Cardinal and Philosopher. 1577.. 1635 
Orellana, Francis. Companion of Pizarro; Discoverer. . — ••1549 

Orelli, John Gaspar. German Philologist and Critic 1787. .1849 

Oresme, Nicholas. French Writer — . . 1382 

Orfanel, Hyacinth. Spanish Missionary to Japan 1578. .1623 

Orffyreus, John Ernest Elias. German Mechanician... 1680.. 1745 
OrfUa, Matthew Joseph Bonaventura. French Physician 

and Toxicologist 1787. .1853 

Orford, Edward Russell, Earl of. Admiral 165 1 . .1727 

Orford, Horace Walpole, Earl of 1717 . .1797 

Orford, Sir Robert Walpole (q. v.), Earl of. Premier 1676. .1745 

Orgagna, or Orcagna, Andrew. Paint., Sculpt., Architect 1329. .1389 

Oriani, Barnaby. Italian Astronomer. 1753 . .1832 

Oribasius. Medical Writer; Friend of Julian 3 2 5 ? - 4°o ? 

Origen. Greek Father 185 ■ . 253 or 4 

Origny, Peter Adam. French Egyptologist 1697. .1774 

Orizzonte, or John Francis van Bloemen. Painter 1656. .1740 

Orlandi, Peregrine Anthony. Italian Bibliographer and 

Writer on Art 1660 . . 1 yzy 

Orlandin, Nicholas. Italian Jesuit Historian 1 554. . 1606 

Orlando di Lasso. Italian Musical Composer 1520. . 1594 

Orlay, Bernard van, of Brussels. Painter 1490?. 1560 

Orlay, Richard van. Flemish Painter 1652. .1732 

Orleans, Adelaide Eugenie L., Princess of, sister of Louis 

Philippe 1777.. 1847 

Orleans, Charles, Duke of; taken at Agincourt 1391 . . 1465 

Orleans, Ferdinand Philip Louis, Duke of. Prince Royal. 

Heir of Louis Philippe 1S10. .1842 

Orleans, Gaston John Baptist, Duke of, son of Henry IV. 1608. . 1660 
Orleans, Helene Louise Elizabeth, Duchess d', mother of 

the Count de Paris 1814. .1858 

Orleans, Louis d\ French Advocate and Political Writer 1542. .1629 
Orleans, Louis, Duke of. Philanthropist and Scholar. . . 1703. .1752 

Orleans, Louis Philip, Duke of, sou 1725 . .1785 

Orleans, Louis Philip Joseph, Duke of, son. tlgalite . . . 1747. .1793 
Orleans, Louis de Valois, Duke of; assassinated in Paris 1372. .1407 
Orleans, Mary, Princess of. Sculptor. (Joan of Arc) . . 1813..1839 

Orleans, Peter Joseph d'. French Historian 1644. . 1698 

Orleans, Philip I., Duke of, brother of Louis XIV 1640. .i7oi 

Orleans, Philip II., Duke of, son. Regent 1674. .1723 

Orleans de la Motte, Louis Francis Gabriel d\ Bishop 

of Amiens. (Spiritual Letters.) Life by Proyart, 1788 1683. .1774 

Orloff, Alexis Feodorovitch. Russian General " 1786. . 1861 

20 



SO 6 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Orloff, Alexis Gregorievitch. Russian Statesman 1736. . 1808 

Orloff, Gregory Gregorievitch, Ct. Fav. of Catherine II. 1734. .1783 
Orloff, Gregory Vladimirovitch. Russ. Writer. {Memoires) 1777.. 1826 

Orloff, Michael. Russian General 1785 . . 1841 

Ormaneto, Nicholas. Papal Legate. Tridentine Divine — -1578 
Orme, David, M. d. Inventor of double-tubed Barometer 1727?. 181 2 

Orme, Robert. Writer on India 1728. . 1801 

Ormond, James Butler, Duke of. Lord Lieutenant of 

Ireland. Life by T. Carte, 1736. 1610..1688 

Ormond, James Butler, Second Duke of, grandson. Lord- 
Lieutenant of Ireland 1665 . .1745 

Orobio, Balthasar, or Isaac. Spanish Jew. Metaphys. — . . 1687 
Orosius, Paul. Spanish Divine. {History of (lie World) fl. 415 
Orrery, Charles Boyle, Fourth Earl of. Opponent of 

Bentley. C The Orrery named after him) 1676. .1731 

Orrery, Roger Boyle, First Earl of. Statesman, General, 

Writer 1621 . . 1679 

Orsato, John Baptist. Italian Physician and Antiquary 1673. .1720 

Orsato, Sertorio. Italian Antiquary and Poet 161 7. . 1678 

Orsi, Francis Joseph Augustine. Cardinal. (Eccles. Hist.) 1691 . .1761 

Orsi, John Joseph. Italian Philologist and Poet 1652. .1733 

Orsi, Lelio, da NoveUara. Painter 151 1. .1587 

Orsini, Felix. Italian Revolutionist 1819. .1858 

Qrsini, Fulvio. Antiquary and Collector of MSS !5 2 9- .1600 

Orsted, or Oersted, Hans Christian. Electro -magnet ist 1777. .1851 
Ortell, or Ortelius, Abraham. Dutch Geographer. ( Thea- 

trum Orb is Terrarum.) Life by Sweert 1527. .1598 

Orton, Job. Dissenting Divine. {Lift of Baxter) 1717..1783 

Orville, James Philip cle. Dutch Scholar 1696. .1751 

Osaibia. Arabian Medical Writer 1203. .1269 

Osborn, Elias. Quaker 1643 . . 1 720 

Osborn, Peter. Lord Treasurer's Remembrancer. Writer 

on Commerce 1521. .1592 

Osborne, Francis. Historical Writer. {Advice to a Son) 1589?. 1659 

Osborne, Peregrine, Duke of Leeds. Admiral 1659. .1729 

Oscar I. King of Sweden (1844-59) 1799. .1859 

Osceola. Chief of Seminole Indians 1803?. 1838 

Osgood, David, d. d. American Divine and Writer. . . . 1747. .1822 

Osgood, Frances Sargent. American Poetess i8i2 ? . 1850 

Osiander, Andrew. Hosemann, or Hossmann. German 

Protestant Reformer. Life by Funck 1498. . 1552 

Osiander, Andrew, d. d., grandson. Editor of Vulgate. 1562. .1617 

Osiander, John Adam. Biblical Commentator 1626. .1697 

Osius. Bishop of Cordova 256.357 or 8 

Osius, Felix. Ital. Schol. {Elogia Scriptorum Illustrium) 1587. .1631 
Osman, or Othman, I. Sultan of Turkey (1299-1326). . 1259. .1326 

Osman, or Othman, II. (1618-22). 1604.. 1622 

Osman, or Othman, in. (1754-57) 1696.. 1757 

Osman, Topal. Turkish General 1673 . .1733 

Osmond, St. Bishop of Salisbury — . . 1099 

Osorio, Jerome. Portuguese Bishop & Ciceronian Scholar 1506. . 1580 

Ossat, Arnaud d'. Cardinal. French Statesman !53 6 - • l6o 4 

Ossoli, Marchioness of. See Margaret Fuller 1810. . 1850 

Ossory, Thomas Butler, Earl of. Commander 1634. .1680 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 307 

BORN. DIED. 

Ossuna, Peter Tellez y Giron, Duke of. Span. Statesman 1579. .1624 

Ostade, Adrian van. Painter 1610. . 1685 

Ostade, Isaac van, brother. Dutch Painter 161 7. . 1671 

Ostermann, Henry John Frederick, Count d'. Russian 

Statesman 1686. .1747 

Osterwald, John Frederick. Swiss Divine 1663. .1747 

Osterwick, Maria van. Dutch Flower Painter 1630. . 1693 

Oswald, St. King of Northumbria 605 . . 642 

Oswald, St. Bishop of Worcester. Archbishop of York. 

Life by Eadmer — . . 992 

Oswald, Erasmus. German Math, and Biblical Writer 1 511.. 1579 
Otfride, or Ottfride. German Monk. Metrical Writer fl. bef. 876 

Othman, Third Saracen Caliph (034-55) 574 ? - 656 

Othrnan. Founder of the Ottoman Dynasty. See Osman 1259.. 1326 

Otho I. Emperor of Germany (936-73). 'Great 912. . 973 

Otho II. (97:3-83.) The Blbvdy 955 . . 983 

Otho III. (996-1002) 980.. 1002 

OthoIV. (1209-15.) The Proud 1175..1218 

Otho, or Otto. Bishop of Freysinger. Chronicler — . .1158 

Otho, Marcus Salvius. Roman Emperor (a. d. 69, Janu- 
ary 15-April 15) 32. . 69 

Otho, Venius. Dutch Painter 1556. . 1634 

Otis, Harrison Gray. American Orator and Statesman. . 1765. . 1S48 

Otis, James. American Orator and Statesman 1725 . .1783 

Otrokotskiforis, Francis. (Origines Hungaricce) — . .1718 

Ott, John Baptist. Orientalist and Antiquary 1661 . . — 

Ott, John Henry. Swiss Divine and Orientalist 161 7. . 1682 

Otter, John. Swedish Orientalist and Eastern Traveler 1707. .1748 
Otterbein, Philip William. Founder of United Brethren 

in Christ 1 726 . . 1813 

Otterburn, Sir Adam. Ld. of Session, Diplomatist, Poet — . .1548 

Ottley, William Young. Writer on Fine Arts 1771 . . 1836 

Ottmer, Charles Theodore, of Brunswick. Architect . . . 1800. .1843 
Otto, Louis William, Count de Mosloy. Fr. Diplomatist 1754. . 1S17 
Ottocar II. King of Bohemia (1253-78). Opponent of 

Rodolph of Hapsburg — . . 1278 

Otway, Thomas. Dramatist. (Venice Preserved.) Life 

by Thornton 1651 . . 1685 

Oudenarde, Robert van, of Ghent. Painter 1663. . 1 743 

Oudet, James Joseph. French Republican Officer 1773- .1S09 

Oudin, Casitnir. Historical Writer 1638. .1717 

Oudin, Francis. French Jesuit. Antiquary and Medalist 1673. .1752 

Oudinet, Mark Anthony. French Medalist l &-\3- .1712 

Oudinot, Nicholas Charles, Duke of Reggio. Marshal of 

France 1767 . . 1847 

Oudry, John Baptist. Fr. Historical and Portrait Painter 1686. .1755 
Oughtred, William. Mathem. (Clavis MathenuUica) . . 1574.. 1660 

Oulough Beyg. Astronomer of Samarcand *394- • 1449 

Ousel, Oisel, or Loisel, Philip. German Hebraist 1671 . . 1724 

Ouseley, Gideon. Irish Clergyman and Writer 1762. . 1839 

Ousely, Sir Gore, Viscount Claramont. Diplomatist 1769. .1844 

Ousely, Sir William, Viscount Claramont, br. Orientalist 1771 . . 1839 

Outram, Benjamin. Civil Engineer — ..1805 

Outram, Sir James. General in India 1802. . 1863 



308 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 



BORN. DIED. 



Outram, "William. Divine and Hebraist. {De Sacrificiisf 1625 . . 

Ouvraxd, Gabriel Julien. French Financier 1770. . 

Ouvrard, Rene\ French Divine, Poet, Musician, Math. 1624.. 

Ouwater, Albert van. Historical Painter of Haarlem . . . 1444 . . 

Overall, John. Bishop of Norwich. ( Convocation Book) 1559. . 

Overbeek, Bonaventure van. Artist and Antiquary. . . . 1660. . 

Overbury, Sir Thomas. Poet. ( The Wife) 1581. . 

Overton, William. Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry. . 1525. . 

Overweg, Dr. Adolphus. German Traveler in Africa. . . 1822. . 

Ovid. Latin Poet. Life by Rosimini B.C.43.A. 

Oviedo, Andrew de. Span. Jesuit Missionary to Abyssinia — .. 

Oviedo y Valdes, Gonzalo Fernandez de. ( W. Indies) 1478. . 

Owen, Rev. Edward Pryce. {Book of Etchings) 1787'. 

Owen, Rev. Henry, M. d. Biblical Critic 1716. . 

Owen, John. Auc/oenus. Latin Poet and Epigrammatist 1560'. 

Owen, John, d. d. Independent. (Holy Spirit.) Life by 

W. Orme 1616. . 

Owen, Rev. John, of the Bible Society 1765 . . 

Owen, Robert. Socialist & Philanthropist. L. by Sargent 1771 . . 

Owen, William. English Painter 1769. . 

Owen Glendower. Welsh Chieftain T 349 ? - 

Owenson, Sydney, Lady Morgan. Writer 1783. . 

Owtram, or Outram, William. Hebraist. {De Sacrijiciis) 1625 . . 

Oxenden, Sir Henry. Poet — 

Oxenstiern, orOxenstjerna, Axel, Ct. Swedish Statesm. 1583.. 

Oxford, Edward Harley, Second Earl of. Founder of Har- 
leian Libraiy — 

Oxford, Edward de Vere, Seventeenth Earl of. Politi- 
cian and Poet !54o ? . 

Oxford, Robert Harley, First Earl of. Statesman; Col- 
lector of MSS 1661 . . 

Oxlee, Rev. John. Orientalist and Biblical Critic 1779- • 

Ozanam, James. French Mathematician 1640. . 

Ozell, John. Translator and Miscellaneous Writer — . . 

OzeretzkofFsky, Nicholas Yakovlevitch. Russian Writer 1751 . . 

OzerorT, Vladislas Alexandre vitch. Russian Tragic Poet 1770. . 



679 

846 
694 

5i5 
619 
706 

613 

609 

852 

D.18 

577 
557 
863 

795 
622-'' 

683 

822 
858 
825 

4i5 

859 
679 
670 
654 

74i 
604 

724 
854 
717 

743 
827 

816 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 309 



P. 



BORN. DIED. 



Paas, Pas, or Passe, Crispin. German Engraver — . . 1643? 

Paaw, or Pauw, Peter. Pavius. Dutch Phys. and Anat. 1564. .1617 
Pacatianus, Titus Julius Marinus. Roman Usurper. .. . — .. 249 

Pacca, Cardinal. Nuncio. {Memoirs) 1756.. 1844 

Pacehiarotto, James, of Sienna. Painter fl. 1497-1535 

Pacchioni, Anthony. Physician and Anatomist 1665 . .1726 

Pace, Richard. Divine and Statesman 1482?. 1532 

Pacheco, Francis. Spanish Painter and Writer 1571- -1654 

Pacheco, John de, Marquis de Villena. Castilian Statesm. — . . 1473 

Pachoniius. Egyptian Monk 292 . . 348 

Pachyrneres, George. Greek Historian 1242?. 131 5 ? 

Paciaudi, Paul Maria. Antiquary and Historian 1710. .1785 

Pacificus, Maximus. Italian Latin Poet. (Hecatalegium) 1400.. 

Pacio, Julius. Jurist and Philosopher I 55°- • 

Pacioli, Luke. Luca di Borgo. Italian Geometrician. . — aft. 
Pack, Richardson, Major. Poet and Miscellaneous Writer i68o ? . 

Pacuvius, Marcus. Roman Tragedian 220 '■ .130* 

Paderna, Paul Anthony. Italian Painter 1649 • • 

Padilla, John Lopez de". Spanish Patriot — 

Padilla, Lorenzo de. Span. Antiq. and Historiographer 1485?. 

Paduanino, Dario. Vavotari. Painter 1 S39-- 

Paduanino, Francis. Historical Painter x 55 2 - • 

Paer, Ferdinand. Italian Musical Composer 1771 . . 

Paez, Francis Alvarez. Port. Div. (De Planclu Ecclesice) — .. 
Paez, Peter. Spanish Jesuit. Missionary to Abyssinia 1564.. 
Pagan, Blaise Francis, Count de. Military Engineer . . . 1604. . 

Pagan, Peter. German Poet and Historian — 

Paganel, Peter. Fr. Politician. (La Revolution Franqaise) 1745.. 

Pagani, Gregory. Italian Painter 1558. . 

Pagani, Paul, of Milan. Painter 1661 . . 

Paganini, Nicholas. Violinist. L. by G. C. Conestable 1784. . 
Paganucci, John. Commercial Writer. (Manuel des Ne- 
gotiant) 1 729 . . 

Page, John. American Statesman *743- • 

Page, William, i>. i>. Divine. Royalist I 59°- • 

Pages, Francis Xavier. French Romance Writer I 74S- ■ 

Pages, Peter Mary Francis, Viscount de. FY. Navigator 1748.. 

Paget, Sir William. First Lord. Statesman 1506. . 

Pagi, Anthony. French I Ihronologist and Historian. . . . 1624. . 
Pagi, Francis, nephew. [Breviarium Eistorico-Chronolog- 

ico-t 'ri/ii-iun) T 654- • 

Pagi, or Paggi, John Baptist Ital. Paint.. Engrav., Writ. 1554. . 
Pagninus, Sanctes. Ital. < orientalist and Biblical Scholar 1470- . 

Pahleu, Peter. Soldier 1746. . 

Paine, Elijah, LL. D. American Jurist 1 757. . 

Paine, Elijah, son. Jurist 1796. . 

Paine, Robert Treat. American Lawyer and Patriot .. . 1731 

Paine, Robert Treat, son. Author 1773 

Paine, Thomas. American Political and Deistical Writer. 

(Age of Reason.) Life by J. Cheetham I 737- .1809 



310 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Paisiello, John. Singer and Composer 1741 . . 1816 

Paixhans, Henry Joseph. French General of Artillery 1783. .1854 

Pajol, Claude Peter. French General 1772. . 1844 

Pajon, Claude. French Calvinistic Divine 1626. .1685 

Pajot, Louis Leo, Ct. d'Ons-en-Bray. Scientific Collector 1678. .1753 

Pajou, Augustine. French Sculptor 1730- • J 8o9 

Pakington, 1 >orothy, Lady. Scholar — . . 1679 

Paladini, Archangela. Portrait Painter *599- • 1622 

Palaemon, Quintus Remmius. Roman Grammarian. ... ri. 48 

Palafox y Melzi, Joseph. Spanish General 1780. .1847 

Palafox y Mendoza, John de. Span. Bishop and Hist. 1600. .1659 

Palaprat, John. French Dramatist and Poet 1650.. 1721 

Palaye. See Sainte-Palaye. (Ancient Chivalry) 1697.. 1781 

Paleario, Aonio. Italian Theologian and Poet — . .1570 

Palencia, Alfonso de. Span. Hist. ( C 'h run. of Henry IV.) 1423.. 1495 ? 

Paleotti, Gabriel. Italian Cardinal and Writer i5 2 4- • I 597 

Palestrina, John Peter Louis. Musical Composer 1529?. 1594 

Paley, William, d.d. (Evidences.) L. by Meadl'ey ; Paley 1743.. 1805 

Palfyn, John. French Surgeon and Anatomist 1650. .1730 

Palgrave, Sir Francis. Antiquary. (Hist, of Normandy) 1788..1861 

Palingenius Stellatus, or Manz'olli. Latin Poet rl. 1500? 

Palisot de Beauvois, Ambrose Mary Francis Joseph. 

French Naturalist 1752. . 1820 

Palissot de Montenoy, Charles. French Dramatist. ! . 1730. .1814 
Palissy, Bernard. French Potter. Life by H. Morley, 

1852: Brightwell, 1858 i5io?.i59o 

Palladino, James. De Terarno. (ConsolatioPeccatorum) 1349.. 141 7 

Palladio, Andrew. Italian Architect 1518. .1580 

Palladius. Eastern Bishop and Writ. (Lausiac History) 368' 1 '. 431? 
Palladius, Rutilius Taurus ^Emilianus. Roman Agricult- 
ural Writer • fl. 4th c. 

Pallajuolo, or Pollajuolo, Anthony. Florentine Painter. 1426.. 1498 

Pallajuolo, or Pollajuolo, Peter, brother. Painter 1428. .1498 

Pallas. Freedman and Favorite of Claudius — . . 63 

Pallas, Peter Simon. German Naturalist and Traveler 1 741. .1811 
Pallavieino, Ferrante. Satirist. {The Courier Robbed) 1615. .1644 
Pallavieino, Sforza. Cardinal. (Hist. Council of Trent) 1607.. 1667 
Palliot, Peter, of Dijon. Genealogist and Heraldic Writer 1608 . . 1698 

Palliser, Sir Hugh. English Admiral 1 721 . . 1 796 

Palluel, Francis Crette de. French Agriculturist 1 741 . .1798 

Palm, John Philip, of Nuremberg; shot by Bonaparte. . 1766. .1806 

Palma, Jacob. The Old. Italian Painter."' 1480? . 1548? 

Palrna, Jacob. The Young, of Venice. Painter 1544. . 1628 

Palmaroli, Peter. Painter and Picture Restorer — . . 1828 

Palmblad, William Frederick. Swedish Writer 1788. . 1852 

Palmegiani, Mark. Italian Painter — aft.1537 

Paimella, Peter de Souza-Holstein, Duke of. Portuguese 

Statesman 1786. .1850 

Palmer, Rev. John. Dissenting Divine and Author. . . . 1729. .1790 

Palmer, John. Actor 1 741.. 1798 

Palmer, John. Postal Reformer 1742. . 181S 

Palmer, Samuel. Printer. (History of Printing) — . . 1732 

Palmerston, Henry John Temple, 3d Vsct. Statesman 1784-. .1865 
Palmieri, Matthew. Ital. Hist. (Chronicle; Vita Civile) 1405. .1475 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 311 

BORN. DIED. 

Palomino y Velasco, Acislo Antonio. Spanish Painter 

and Writer 1653. -1726 

Palsgrave, John. English Writer. (French Grammar) 1480?. 1554 
Paludanus, Bernard. Dutch Philosopher and Traveler 1550.. 1633 

Paludanus, John. Dutch Theologian 1 565 . .1630 

Pamelius, -lames. Flemish Theologian 1536. .1587 

Pamphilus. Bp. of Caesarea; Friend of Eusebius; Martyr 2^. 309 

Pamphilus of Amphipolis. Painter ti. is. c.388-348? 

Pansenus, of Athens. Painter. (Battle of Marathon) . . fl. b. 0.450? 

PantBtius. ( treek Philosopher fl. b.c. 140 

Panard, Charles Francis. French Poet and Dramatist. . 1689. .1769 

Panciroli, Guido. Jurist and Antiquary I 5 2 3- -1599 

Panckoucke, Andrew- Joseph. French Writer 1700. .1753 

Panckoucke, Charles Joseph, son. Typographer, Pub- 
lisher. Writer 1736. .1798 

Pancoucke, Charles Louis Fleury, grandson. Writer . . 1780. .1844 
Panel, Alexander Xavier. French Jesuit. Medalist... 1699.. 1777 

Panicale, Masolino da. Italian Painter 1378?. 1415? 

Panigarola, Francis. Italian Bishop and Preacher. (II 

Predicatore) 1548. .1594 

Panin, Xakita Ivanovitch. Russian Statesman 1718. .1783 

Panini, or Pannini, John Paul. Italian Painter 1695. .1768 

Pannonius, Janus. Hungarian Bishop and Latin Poet 1434. .1472 

Panormita. See Beccadelli 1394 . . 1471 

Pantsenus. Christian Teacher of Alexandria I 55 ? - 216 

Pantin, Peter. Scholar 1555?. 1611 

Pantin, William, of Bruges. Medical Writer — . .1583 

Panvinius, Onuphrius. Historian and Antiquary i5 2 9- • 1568 

Panzacchia, Maria Helena, of Bologna. Painter 1668. .1709 

Panzer, Geo. Wolfgang. Bibliog. (AnnalesTypographici) 1729.. 1S04 
Paoli, Pascal de. Corsican Patriot. Life by Pommereul 1726. .1807 

Paoli, Sebastian. Scholar and Biographer 1684. .1751 

Paolo Sarpi. See Sarpi. 1552. .1623 

Paolo Veronese. See Cagliari 1530?. 1588 

Papebroch, Daniel. Dutch Jesuit; Theologian 1628. .1714 

Papias. Bishop of Herapolis. Millennarian — .. 169? 

Papias. Grammarian. (Vocabularium Latinwm) fl. 1053? 

Papillon, Philibert, of Dijon. Abbe\ (Auteurs de Bour- 

gogne) 1666. .1738 

Papillon, Ralph. Abbot of Westminster — ..1223 

Papillon, Thomas, of Dijon. Jurist 1514- -1596 

Papin, Denvs. French Nat. Philos. Inventor of Digester 1647. .1710 

Papin, Isaac. French Theologian 1657. .1709 

Papinianus, .Emilias. Roman Lawyer — .. 212 

Papire-Masson, John. Fr. Historian. Life by De Thou 1544. . 161 1 

Papirius, Justus. Roman Jurist ti. Antonines 

Papirius Cursor. Dictator in Second SamniteWar 11.3^3-3096.0. 
Papirius Cursor, son. Consul in Third Samnite War fl. 293-272 b.c. 
Papon, John Peter. Ft. Writer. {Bistoireck Provence) 1734. .1803 
Pappenheim, < rodfrey Henry, Count von. Imperial Gen- 
eral in Thirty Years' War 1594- .1632 

Pappus, of Alexandria. ( MaQu maiical Collections) fl. 385? 

Paraqelsus, Philip Aureolas Theophrastus. Swiss Phys. 1493. .1541 
Paradin, William. Fr. Hist. Writer. ( Chronicle q/' Savoy) 1501?. 1590 



312 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Paradisi, Augustine, Count. Italian Poet 1736. . 

Paradisi, John, Count. Ital. Politician and Nat. Philos. 1760. , 

Paraeus, or Pare\ David. German Protestant Theologian 1548 . . 

Paramo, Louis de. Span. Inquisitor. ( The Holy Office) 1545?. 

Parcelles, John. Dutch Painter of Sea Pieces 1597. 

Parcieux, Anthony de. French Mathematician 1753. 

Pardies, Ignatius Gaston. Fr. Mathem. and Philosopher 1636. 

Pardoe, Miss Julia. Novelist and Historical Writer 1806. 

Pare, Ambrose. French Surgeon 1517- 

Pare, or Paranis, David. German Protestant Theologian 1548. . 

Pare, John Philip, son. Class". Schol. {Lexicon Criticum) 1576. 

Paredes, Diego Garcia y. General. Spanish Bayard . . 1466. 

Pareja, John de. Spanish Painter 1610. .: 

Parennin, Dominic. French Jesuit Missionary to China 1665. 

Parent, Anthony. French Mathematician 1666. 

Parent-du-Chatelet, Alex. John Bapt. Sanitary Writer 1790. 

Parfait, Francis. Historian of the French Drama 1698. 

Parini, Joseph. Italian Poet. (II Giorno) i7 2 9- 

Paris, Francis. French Ecclesiastic. (Lives of the Saints) — . 

Paris, Francis, Abbe. French Ascetic 1690. .: 

Paris, John Ayrton, M. D. English Physician. (Philos- 
ophy in Sport) 1785 . . 

Paris, Matthew. Historian — . 

Parish, Elijah. American Clergyman and Author 1762. 

Parisot, Peter. Father Norbert. French Missionary... 1697. 

Park, Sir James Allan. Lawyer and Religious Writer. . — . 

Park, Thomas. Antiquary and Poet !759 ? 

Parke, John. Musician 1745 • 

Parke, Mungo. Traveler. Life by Rennell, 1815 i7/i- 

Parker, Henry, Lord Morley. Favorite of Henry VII.. . 1476? 

Parker, Isaac. American .Jurist 1768. 

Parker, John. Dissenting Minister and Poet — . 

Parker, Matthew. Abp. of Canterbury. L. by Strype, 1711 1504. 

Parker, Nathan. American Clergyman 1782. 

Parker, Richard. Seaman ; Mutineer at the Nore — . 

Parker, Sam. Bp. of Oxford. (De Rebus sui Tempnris) 1640. .: 

Parker, Theodore. Amer. Unitarian. L. by Weiss, 1863 1810. . 

Parkes, Joseph, m. p. Politician J 796. ■ 

Parkes, Samuel. Chemical Philosopher !759- • 

Parkhurst, John, Bp. of Norwich. Protestant Reformer 1511. . 

Parkhurst, John. (Lexicon of the Greek Testament). . . . 1728. . 

Parkinson, John. Herbalist. (Paradisus) 1567. . 

Parkinson, Thomas. Mathematician 1745 • • 

Parma, Alex. Farnese, 3d. Duke of. Regent of Netherlands 1546. 

Parmenides. Eleatic Philosopher 5th c. 

Parmenio. Macedonian General 490' . 330 B.C. 

Parmentier, James. French Painter in England 1658. .1730 

Parmentier, John. French Navigator and Geographer 1494. .1530 

Parmigiano, or Parmigianino, II. Francis Mazzuoli. 

Italian Painter. Life by Coxe, 1823 I 5°3- • r 54° 

Parnell, Sir Hemy Brooke, First Lord Congleton. Polit. 1776. .1842 

ParnelL Rev. Dr. Thomas. Poet. Life by O. Goldsmith 1679. .1717 

Parny, Evariste Desire Desforges. French Poet J 751- • * x 4 

Parodi, Dominic, of Genoa. Painter and Sculptor 1660. .1740 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 313 



BORN. DIED. 



Parr, Catherine. Queen of Henry VIII 1 509 . . 1 548 

Parr, Richard, d. d. Divine. (Life of Usher) 161 7. . 1691 

Parr, Dr. Samuel. Divine and Scholar. Life by John 

Johnstone, 1828 1747- -1825 

Parr, Thomas. Old Parr. Centenarian 1483- • 1635 

Parrenin, or Parennin, Dominic. Fr. Jesuit Missionary 1665. .1741 
Parrhasius. Creek Painter. Life by Carlo Dati. . . . . . . rl. b.c. 400? 

Parrhasius, Aulus Janus. Gianpaolo Parisio. Ital. Critic 1470.. 1534 

Parrocel, Charles. Painter 1688. .1753 

Parrocel, Joseph. French Painter and Engraver 1648. .1704 

Parrocel, Peter. Painter of Battles 1665?. 1739 

Parrot, John .lames Frederick William. German Natural 

Philosopher i/9 2 - -1841 

Parry, Caleb Hillier. Physician and Naturalist 1756. . 1822 

Parry, John. The Blind Harper — • .1782 

Parry, Richard, i>. i>. Theologian 1722. .1780 

Parry, Sir Win. Edward. Arctic Navig. L. by E. Parry 1790. . 1855 

Parsons, Mrs. Novelist and Dramatist — . • 1811 

Parsons, James. Physician and Antiquary 1705 . .1770 

Parsons, Rubert. Jesuit. Life by Thomas James, 1612 1546. .1610 

Parsons, Theophilus. American Jurist i75°- • 1813 

Parsons, William. Comic Actor and Painter 1736. -1795 

Parthenay, Catherine de. French Writer 1554. . 1631 

Partridge, Alden. American Soldier : . 1785?. 1854 

Paruta, Paul. Venetian Historian. (Discorsi Politici) . . 1540.. 1598 

Paruta, Philip. Sicilian Antiquary — . . 1629 

Pas, Anthony de, Marquis de Feuquiere. Field Marshal 1648. .1711 

Pas, Passe, or Paas, Crispin. German Engraver — . . 1643? 

Pas, Manasses de, Mqs. de Feuquiere. Gen. & Negotiator 1590. .1640 
Pascal, Blaise. French Mathematician and Philosopher. 

(Pensees.) Life by Bossut; Madame Perier 1623. .1662 

Pascal, Jacqueline, sister. Misc. Writ. L. bv Cousin, 1819 1625 . . 1661 

Paschal I. Pope (817-24) — . . 824 

Paschal II. (10U9-1118.) Rainerius, or Raginerus .... — . .1118 
Paschal III. (1164-68.) Guy de Crema. Antipope... — ..1168 

Paschal, or Pasquali, Charles. French Writer 1547- .1625 

Paschasius-Kadbert. French Monk. (Sacrament) ... rl. 840? 
Paschius, George. German Lutheran Divine and Scholar 1661 . .1707 

Paskevitch, [van Feodorovitch. Russian General 1782. .1856 

Pasley, General Sir I lharles William. Engineer 1781 . . 1S61 

Pasquali, Signor, of Edinburgh. Violinist — . . 1 757 

Pasqualino. Pasquali Rossi. Italian Painter 1641 . .1700 

Pasquier, Si.'phi'ii. Fr. Civilian and Poet. (Recherches) 1529.. 1615 

Pasquier, Stephen Denis. French Statesman 1767. .1862 

Passe, Pas, dr Paas, Crispin. German Engraver — ..1643? 

Passemant, < llaude Simeon. French Mechanician 1702. .1769 

Passerat, John. French Critic and Poet 1 534- -1602 

Passeri, .Idlm Baptist Painter & Poet. (Li res of Painters) i6io ? .i679 

Passeri, John Baptist. Italian Antiquary 1694. .17S0 

Passeri, Joseph. Portrait Painter J654- .1714 

Passeroni, John Charles. Italian Poet 1713- -1803 

Passerotti, Bartholomew, of Bologna. Portrait Painter i54o' : '.i595 

Passignano, 1 tominic Cresti, II. Painter 1558. .1638 

Passinelli, Lorenzo. Bolognese Painter 1629?. 1700 



314 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Passionei, Dominic, Cardinal. Nuncio. (Acta Legatio- 
ns Helvetica.) Life by Galetti, 1762 1682. .1761 

Passow, Francis Louis Charles Frederick. Ger. Philol. 1786.. 1833 

Pasta, Judith. Italian Singer % . . . . 1 798 . . 1865 

Patel, Peter. French Painter ^54 . .1703 

Patenier, Joachim de. Painter 1490 . . 1 545 ? 

Pater, John Baptist. French Painter 1695. .1736 

Pater, Paul. Hungarian Protestant Exile. Mathematician 1656.. 1724 

Paterculus, Cains Velleius. Roman Historian r.c.i9 : \a.d.3i ? 

Paterson, Sam. Bibliographer. (Bibliotheca Universalis) 1728. .1802 
Paterson, William. Projector. Life by Bannister, 1858 1660. . — 

Patin, Charles. Physician and Antiquary J (>33- ■ ^93 

Patin, Guv. French Physician ". 1601 . . 1672 

Patkul, John Reginald. Livonian Patriot 1660. .1707 

Patrick, St. Apostle of Ireland. Life bv Probus; Joce- 

lin. tr. by E. L. Swift, 1809 : J. H. Todd, 1863 372. . 493? 

Patrick, Samuel. Critic. ( Claris Homerica) — . .1748 

Patrick, Simon. Bishop of Chichester. Commentator. 

Life by self 1626. .1707 

Patrin, Eugene Louis Melchior. Fr. Geol. & Mineralogist 1742. .1815 

Patrix, Peter. French Poet 1 583. . 1671 

Patrizi, Francis. Ital. Philos. (Discussiones Perijxiteticie) 1529.. 1597 
Patru, Oliver. Fr. Lawyer. Critic. ^ Orator. (Plaidoyers) 1604. .1681 

Patten, Thomas, d. d. Theologian — . .1762 

Patterson, Daniel T. American Xaval Officer — . . 1839 

Pattison, William. Poet 1706. .1727 

Patu, Claude Peter. French Poet and Dramatist i/ 2 9- -1757 

Paucton, Alexis John Peter. French Mathematician. . . 1732. . 1798 

Paul, St. Apostle of the Gentiles — . . 65? 

Paul, of Samosata. Bishop of Antioch — . . 273? 

Paul, the Deacon, of Aquileia. (History of the Lombards) 740 ? . 799 ? 

Paul I. Pope (757-67). Life bv Cardinal Querini — . . 767 

Paul II. (1464-71.) Peter Barbo. Life by Querini. . 1418. .1471 
Paul III. (1534-49.) Alexander Farnese. L. by Querini 1468. .1549 
Paul IV. (1555-59.) John Peter Caraffa. Lite by Car- 
dinal Xavagero 1476. . 1559 

Paul V. (1605-21.) Camillus Borghese 1552. . 1621 

Paul I. Emperor of Russia (1796-1801) 1754. . 1801 

Paul, Duke of Wiirtemberg. Ger. Trav. and Naturalist 1797. .i860 

Paul of Burgos, or de Santa Maria. (Scrutinium) I 35° ? - J 435 

Paul Veronese. Painter. See Cagliari 1 530 '■' . 1588 

Paul, Father. See Sarpi 1552. . 1623 

Paul, Vincent de. Philanthropist. Life by Collet, 1818 1576. .1660 

Paula, St. Roman Ascetic; Disciple of St. Jerome 347. . 404 

Paulding, James Kirke. American Author : 1779. .i860 

Paulett, Lord William, m. p. for Lymington 1666. .1729 

Pauli, Gregory. Polish Protestant Divine — . .1591 ■ 

Paulian, Aime Henry. French Jesuit. Writer 1722. . 1802 

Paulin de St. Barthelemi. Missionary in India I 748. ■ 1806 

Paulinus. Bishop of York and of Rochester. Apostle 

of Yorkshire 597 ?. 644 

Paulinus. Patriarch of Aquileia. Trinitarian Writer . . 726?. S04 
Paulinus, Pontius Meropius, St. Bishop of Xola. (Let- 
ters ; Poems) 353. . 431 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 315 

BORN. DIED. 

Paulli, Simon. Physician and Naturalist. (Flora Danica) 1603. .1680 
Paullini, Christian Francis. Physician and Naturalist. . 1643. .1712 
Paulmier de Grentemesnil, James. Phys., Critic, Poet 1587. .1670 
Paulmier de Grenteniesnil, Julian de. " Physician. . . . 1520. .1598 
Paulrny, Mark Anthony Rene de Voyer, Marquis of. 

Statesman. ( Melanges) 1722. .1787 

Paulus, Dr. Henry Eberhard Gottlob. Ger. Theologian 1761. .1851 

Paulus, Julius. Roman Lawyer ti. Alex. Severus 

Paulus, Peter. Grand Pensionary. ( Treaty of Utrecht) 1754. .1796 

Paulus .iEgineta. Greek Medical Writer fl. 7th c. 

Paulus ./Eniilius. Italian Historian — . .1529 

Paulus .i-Emilius, Lucius. Rom. General; fell at Cannse — B.C. 216 
Paulus .ZEmilius, L. Macedonicus. Conq. of Perseus 230'. 160 b.c. . 

Pausanias. Spartan Commander — b. 0.470? 

Pausanias. Greek Topographer fl. 174 

Pausias. Painter of Sicyon fl. B.C. 350? 

Pautre, Anthony le. French Architect 1614. . 1691 

Pautre, John le. Engraver 1617.. 1682 

Pautre, Peter le. Sculptor. (sEneas and Anchises) .... 1660. .1744 
Pauw, Cornelius, or Nicholas de. Dutch Writ, in Germany 1739. .1799 
Pauw, or Paaw, Peter. Pavius. Dutch Phys. and Anat. 1564. .1617 

Pavilion, Nicholas. French Bishop and Divine l 597 ■ -1677 

Pavilion, Stephen. French Scholar and Poet 1632. .1705 

Pawlett, William, First Marquess of Winchester. Life by 

Rowland Broughton, ed. by Sir E. Brydges, 1818. . . . 1475. .1572 
Paxton, Sir Joseph, jr. p. Horticulturist and Architect. . 1S03. .1S65 
Payne, John Howard. American Actor and Dramatist 1792.. 1852 

Payne, Roger. Bookbinder 1739- • *797 

Pays, Rene le. Fr. Writ. (Amities, Amours, et Amour-ettes) 1636.. 1690 
Payson, Edward, D. d. Amer. Div. L. by Asa Cummings 1783. . 1827 
Pazmani, Peter. Hungarian Cardinal. Theologian.... 1570.. 1637 
Peabody, < Hiver Win. Bourn. Amer. Clergym. ec Writer 1 799 . . 1848 
Peabody, William Bourn Oliver, brother. Clergyman. . 1799. .1847 

Peacham, Henry. Writer. (Complete Gentleman) — ..1640? 

Peacock, George. Dean of Ely. Mathem. and Astron. — ..1858 
Peacock, Reginald. Bp. of Chichester. L. by J. Lewis 1390'. 1460? 

Peale, Charles Wilson. American Painter 1741 . . 1827 

Peale, Rembrandt, son. Painter 1778. .i860 

Pearce, Nathaniel. Adventurer in Abyssinia. L. by Hall 1780. .1820 
Pearce, Zachary. Bishop of Rochester. Commentator. 

Life by Derby 1690. .1774 

Pearae, Thomas. Gregory Blunt Unitarian Writer. . . — ..1827 
Pearson, Edward, i>. n., of Cambridge. Controversialist 1760?. 1S11 
Pearson, ( ienrge, m.i>. Physician and Experim. Chemist 1751..1828 
Pearson, -lolin. Bishop of Chester. {Expos.qfthe Creed) 1613. .1686 
Pearson, John, F. R. a. Surgeon. Biographer of Hey. . 1758.. 1S26 

Pearson, Mrs. Margaret Eglinton. Painter on Glass . — ..1823 

Pearson. Richard, m. d. Phys. ( Thesaur. Mtdicaminum) 1765. .1836 
Pease, Calvin, n. n. American Writer ami Educator . . . 1JS13. . 1S63 

Pecchio, Joseph. Italian Writer 1785. .1835 

Pechantre, Nicholas de. French Poet and Dramatist . . 1638. .1708 

Pechlin, John Nicholas. Dutch Medical Writer 1646. .1706 

Pechnieja, John. French Writer. ( Telephe) 1741- -1785 

Peck, Rev. Francis. Antiq. (Desiderata.) L. by Evans 1692. .1743 



316- A BEIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Peck, John Mason, d. d. American Divine 1789. .1858 

Peckham, John. Archbishop of Canterbury (1279-92) .. — ..1292 
Pecorone, John Florentino. Florentine Writer. {Novelli) — ..1380? 

Pecquet, Anthony. French Writer 1704. .1762 

Pecquet, John. Fr. Physician & Anatomical Discoverer 1622. . 1674 

Pedro, of Portugal and Brazil. See Peter 1798. . 1834 

Pedrusi, or Pedruzzi, Paul. Historian and Antiquary. . 1644. .1720 
Peel, Sir Robert, First Baronet. Cotton Manufacturer . . 1750. .1830 
Peel, Sir Robert. Prime Minister. Life bv Dr. W. C. 

Taylor and C Mackay, 1847-51; Doubleday, 1856 ; 

Lawrence Peel, 1860; Guizot 1788. .1850 

Peel, Sir William. Captain of Naval Brigade in India. . 1824. .1858 

Peele, George. Poet. Life by Dyce i552 ? . 1598? 

Pegge, Rev. Samuel, ll. d. Antiq. L. by Samuel Pegge 1704. .1796 

Pegge, Samuel, son. ( Curialia) 1731 . . 1800 

Peignot, Stephen Gabriel. French Bibliographer 1767. .1849 

Peins, Gregory. See Pens 1500. .1550? 

Peirce, Cyrus. American Educator i79°- • i^59 

Peirce, James. Dissenting Divine 1673. . 1726 

Peiresc, Nicholas Claude Fabri de. Scholar and Promoter 

of Learning. Life by Gassendi, 1641, tr. by Rand, 1657 1580. . 1637 

Pekah. King of Israel (b. c. 759-739) — B.C. 739 

Pekahiah. King of Israel (b.c. 761-759) — b.c. 759 

Pelagius. British Heresiarch fl. 410 

Pelagius I. Pope(555-60) 495 ? - 560 

Pelagius II. (578-90) 520. . 590 

Pelayo, First King of Asturias (718-37) — . . 737 

764 
768 
710 



Pelham, Henry. Statesman 1695 . 

Pelham-Hollez, Thomas, Duke of Newcastle. Statesm. 1694. . 

Pelhestre, Peter. French Writer 1635?. 

Pelissier, Aimable John James, Duke of Malakoff. Mar- 
shal of France 1 794 . . 

Pell, John. Mathematician and Divine 1610. . 

Pellegrin, Simon Joseph. French Ecclesiastic and Poet 1663. . 

Pellegrini, Anthony. Historical Painter 1674. . 

Pellegrini, Camillo". Italian Antiquary and Poet 1598.. . 

Pellegrino, Tibaldi, of Bologna. Architect and Painter 1527. . 

Pellerin, Joseph. French Medalist 1684. . 

Pelletier, Bertrand. French Chemist 1761 . . 

Pelletier, Claude le. French Financier 1630. . 

Pelletier, Gaspar. Physician & Botanist of Middleburg — . . 

Pelletier, James, of Mans. Physician and Scholar 1517- • 

Pelletier, John le. French Writer 1633 • • 

Pelletier, Peter Joseph. Chemist 1 788 . . 

Pellican, Conrad. Reformer and Scholar 1478. . 

Pellicer, Joseph de Ossau. Spanish Writer 1602 . . 

Pellieo, Silvio. Ital. Writer & Patriot. L. by Chiala, 1852 1 789 . . 

Pellison-Pontanier, Paul. French Writer 1624. . 

Pelloutier, Simon. (Bisioire des Celles) 1694. . 

Pelopidas. Theban General — b.c 

Peitanus, Theo. Anthony. Jesuit. (Tlieologia Naturalis) — .. 

Pemberton, Henry. Physician and Mathematician 1694. . 

Pembroke, Mary Sidney , Countess of. See Sidney — 

Pembroke, Thomas. Painter 1 702 



864 
685 

745 
74i 
663 
600 
782 

797 
711 
659 
582 
711 
842 

556 
679 
854 
693 
757 
3 6 4 
584 
771 
621 
73° 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 317 

BORN. DIED. 

Pendleton, Edmund. American Statesman and Jurist 1 721. .1803 

Pendleton, Henry. American Jurist — . .1788 

Pene, or Pesne, John. French Painter and Engraver... 1623.. 1700 

Penington, Isaac. Persecuted Quaker Divine 161 7. . 1679 

Penn, Granville. Author 1761. .1844 

Penn, Sir William. Admiral 1621 . . 1670 

Penn, William, son. Quaker. Life by Jannev ; Thomas 

Clarkson, 1836 ; W. H. Dixon, 1851 1644. .1718 

Pennant, Thomas. Nat. and Antiq. {London.) L. by self 1726. .1798 

Penni, John Francis. II Fattore. Italian Painter 148^. .1528 

Pennicuick, Alexander. Scot. Physician, Poet, Writer. 1652.. 1722 

Penrose, Thomas. Poet I 743- ■ I 779 

Penruddock, John, Col. Royalist; beh. by Col. Croke — . . 1655 
Penry, John. Puritan Libeler/ (Martin Mar-P relate'). . 1559. .1593 
Pens, Peins,Pentz, or Pencz, Gregory. Paint, and Engrav. 1500. .1550? 
Pepagomenus. Greek Medical Writer. (De Podagra) fl. i2-jo' ! 
Pepe, William. Italian General. (Personal Memoirs). . 1783.. 1855 
Pepin, son of Louis Debonnaire, King of Aquitaine 

(817-38?): 802-'' .838 org 

Pepin d'Heristal. Mayor of Palace ; Duke of Austrasia — .. 714 
Pepin the Short. Mayor of the Palace (741-52) ; King 

of France (752-68) 714. . 768 

Pepperell, Sir William. Amer. Gen. L. by Parsons, 1855 1697. .1759 

Pepusch, John Christopher. Musical Composer 1667. .1752 

Pepys, Samuel. (Diary.) Life by Smith, 1840 1632. .1703 

Pepys, William Haseldine, f. r. s. Experimental Philos. 1775. .1856 

Peranda, Santo. Historical Painter 1566. . 1638 

Perau, Gabriel Louis Calabre. French Biographer 1700. . 1767 

Perceval, Spencer. Prime Minister 1762. . 1812 

Percier, Charles. French Architect 1764. . 1838 

Percival, James Gates. American Poet 1795. • 1 %57 

Percival, Thomas, M. D. Scottish Physician and Miscel- 
laneous Writer. (Medical Ethics.) Life by his son . . 1740.. 1804 

Percy, Sir Henry. Hotspur. Slain at Shrewsbury — . .1403 

Percy, Henry, Ninth Earl of Northumberland. Wizard 1564. .1632 
Percy, Thomas, d. d. Bishop of Dromore. (Reliques). . 1728. .1811 

Perdiccas. Macedonian General — B.c.321 

Perefixe, Hardouin de Beaumont de. (Hist. Henry IV.) 1605. .1676 
Pereira, Bartholomew. Portuguese Epic Poet. (Paciecis) fl. 1640 
Pereira, James Roger. Spanish Instructor of Deaf Mutes 1716. .1780 
Pereira, Jonathan, m. d. Eng. Phys. (Materia Medica) 1804. .1853 
Pereira, Nunez Alvarez. Portuguese Cid. General and 

Diplomatist 1360.. 1431 

Pereira de Figueiredo, Anthony. Divine & Grammarian 1725. .1797 
Pereira-Gomez, Geo. Sp. Phys. (Margarita Anioniana) fl. 1554 
Peretto. Philosopher of Padua. /SeePomponatius. . 1462. 1524 or 6 
Perez, Anthony. Span. Statesman. (Memoirs and Letters) 1539.. 1611 

Perez, David. Musical Composer 1711 . .1778 

Pergolesi, John Baptist. Musical Composer 1710..1736 

Periander. Tyrant of Corinth (b. c. 625-585) 665 . 5S5 B.C. 

Pericles. Athenian Statesman — b.c. 429 

Perier, Casimir. French Financier and Statesman ^777 • -1832 

Perier, James Constantine. Fr. Mechanic. (Steam Engines) 1742.. 1818 
Periers, Bonaventure des. Fr. Writer. ( Cymbalum Mundi) — . .1544? 



318 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Perignon, Dominic Catherine de. Peer & Marsh, of France 1754.. 1818 
Peringskiold, John. Swed. Historian and Chronologist 1654. .1720 

Perit, Pelatiah. American Philanthropist 1785. .1864 

Perizonius, James Voorbroek. Dutch Philologist 1651 . .1715 

Perkin War-beck. Pretender and Impostor — . . 1499 

Perkins, Elisha. American Physician. Inventor of Me- 
tallic Tractors 1740. .1799 

Perkins, Jacob. American Inventor 1766. . 1849 

Perkins, Thos. Handasyd. Amer. Merchant & Philanthr. 1764. . 1854 

Perking, "William. Calvinistic Divine 1558 . .1602 

Pernety, Anthony Joseph. French Writer 1716. . 1801 

Pernety, James, of Lyons. Historiographer 1696. .1777 

Peron, Francis. French Voyager and Naturalist 1775 . .1810 

Perotti, Nicholas. Italian Scholar. {Cornucopia) 1430.. 1480 

Perouse, John Francis de Galaup de la. Circumnavigator 1741 . . 1788? 
Perrault, Charles. Writ, and Biog. (Parallels des Aneiens 

et Modernes ; Contes de ma Mere L 1 Oye.) Life by self 1628. .1703 

Perrault, Claude. Architect 1613 . . 1688 

Perrenot, Anthony. Minister of Philip II. Bee Granvelle 15 16. .1586 

Perrier, Charles du. French Poet — . . 1692 

Perrier, Francis. French Painter and Engraver ^S^ 7 ■ 1 ^>S° 

Perron, Anquetil du. French Orientalist 1731 . . 1S05 

Perron, James Davy du. Cardinal. {Perroniana) 1556.. 1618 

Perronet, John Rodolph. French Civil Engineer 1708. .1794 

Perrot, Sir John. Statesman 1527. .1592 

Perrot d'Ablancourt, Nicholas. French "Writer 1606. . 1664 

Perry, James. Polit. Writer. Ed. of Morning Chronicle 1756. .1821 

Perry, John, Captain R. n. Engineer 1670?. 1733 

Perry, Matthew Calbraith. United States Naval Officer 1795. .1858 

Perry, Oliver Hazard. American Naval Officer 1785 . . 1820 

Perseus. Last King of Macedon (b. c. 178-168) aft. 167 b.c. 

Persius Flaccus, Aulas. Roman Satirist 34. . 62 

Perth, James Drummond, Sixth Earl of, and Third 

(titular) Duke of. Jacobite 1706. .1746 

Perthes, Christopher Frederick. German Bookseller. 

Life by his son I77 2 - -1843 

Pertinax. Roman Emperor (193, Jan. 1-Mar. 28) 126. . 193 

Perugino. Pietro Vanucci. Painter 1446. .1524 

Peruzzi, Balthasar da Siena. Ital. Painter and Architect 1481 . .1536 
Pesce, Cola, or Nicholas. Sicilian Swimmer and Diver. . fl. 14th c. 

Pescennius Niger. Pretender to Roman Empire — ' . . 194 

Peselli, Pesello, of Florence. Painter 1404. . 1481 

Pesellier, Charles Stephen. French Financier and Poet 1712. .1763 

Pesellino, or Francis Pesello Peselli. Painter 1426. .1457 

Pesne, or Pene, John. French Painter and Engraver. . . 1623. .1700 
Pestalozzi, John Henry. Educationist. Life by Biber, 

1841 ; Von Raumer, 1855 " 1746- • 1827 

Petavius, or Petau, Dionysius. French Jesuit. Chronol- 
ogist, Theologian, and Divine I 58j. .1652 

Peter, St. One of the Twelve Apostles — ab. 65 

Peter, St. Bishop of Alexandria (300-11) — ..311 

Peter, St. Chrysologus. Bishop of Ravenna (433-50). . — . . 450 

Peter. The Hermit. Preacher of the First Crusade 1050?. 1115 

Peter. The Venerable. Abbot of Clugny 1093?. 1 156 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 319 

BORN. DIED. 

Peter I. King of Aragon (1094-1104) — . . 1 104 

Peter H. (1196-1213) 1174..1213 

PeterlH. (1276-1285.) The Great 1239. .1285 

Peter IV. (1336-87.) The Ceremonious 1317. .1387 

Peter. King of Castile. The Cruel. L. by Dillon, 1788 1319. .1369 
Peter I. Emperor of Russia (1689-1725). The Great. 
Life byMottley, 1739; Prince Sherebatoff, 1774; Von 

Halem, 1804. 1672. .1725 

Peter II. (1727-30.) Alexievitch 1715 . .1730 

Peter III. (1762.) Feodorovitch 1728. .1762 

Peter I. King of Portugal (1357-67). The Severe 1320.. 1367 

Peter II. Regent (1667-83), King (1683-1706) 1648. .1706 

Peter III.. . '. — ..1786 

Peter IV. (1826, Feb. 18-May 2), I. Emperor of Brazil 

(1822-31) 1798. . 1834 

Peter V. (185:3-61) 1837.. 1861 

Peter I. Emp. of Brazil (1822-31), IV. King of Portugal 1798. .1834 

Peter. The Wild Boy. Found 1725 1713. .1785 

Peter, Duke of Coimbra. Dom Pedro. Regent of Portugal 1392.. 1449 
Peter of Blois. Petrus Blesensis. Archd. of Lond. Writ. ii2o ? . i2oo ? 
Peter of Calabria. Pomponius Lcetus. Hist, and Antiq. 1425.. 1497 
Peter Comestor. Fr. Ecclesiastic. (Hist. Ecclesiastica) — . .1198 
Peter Nolasque, St. Founder of the Order of Mercy ... 1189?. 1256 
Peterborough, Chas. Mordaunt, 3d Earl of. Commander 1658. .1735 

Peterkin. Scottish Miscellaneous Writer 1781 . . 1S46 

Peters, Bonaventure, of Antwerp. Marine Painter 1614. .1652 

Peters, Francis Lucas, of Mechlin. Painter 1606. .1654 

Peters, or Peter, Hugh. Fanatic. L. by Wm. Harris, 1751 1599. . 1660 

Peters, John. Marine Painter 1625 . . 1677 

Peters, Richard. American Jurist J 744- .1828 

Peters, Rev. Samuel. American Historian 1735 • • 1S26 

Pethion de Villeneuve, Jerome. French Revolutionist 1753. .1794 
Petigru, James Louis. American Lawyer and Statesman 1789. .1863 
Petion. Anne Alex. Sabes. President of St. Domingo. . 1770.. 1818 

Petis de la Croix, Francis. French Orientalist 1653. . 1713 

Petit, Anthony, of Orleans. Physician and Anatomist. . 1722. .1794 
Petit, Francis. Pour four du Petit. Fr. Phys. & Anatomist 1664 . . 1 741 

Petit, John Louis. French Surgeon 1674. • I 75° 

Petit, Lewis Hayes, F. R. s., M. p. Patron of Literature. . 1774. . 1849 
Petit, Peter. Fr. Mathematician and Natural Philosopher 1598?. 1677 
Petit, Peter. French Physician, Historian, and Poet. . . . 1617. .1687 
Petit, Samuel. French Protestant Divine. {Leges Aiticoz) 1594. .1643 
Petit-Thouars, Louis Mary Albert du. French Botanist 1758. .1S31 

Petitot, Claude Bernard. Historical Collector 1772. . 1S25 

Petitot, John. Painter in Enamel 1607. . 1691 

Petiver, James. Naturalist — ..1718 

Petoefi, Sandor, or Alexander. Hungarian Song Writer 1823. .1S49 
Petrarch, Francis. Italian Poet. L. by Leonard Aretino, 
1672; Manetti; Tommasini: Abbe de Sade, 1764; Fa- 
broni, 1799 ; Mrs. Dobson, 1805 ; Thomas Campbell, 1841 1304 . . 1374 

Petre, Edward. Jesuit. Confessor to James II 1631 . .1699 

Petre, Sir William. Statesman and Scholar — . .1572 

Petrie, Henry. Record Antiquary 1768. . 1842 

Petronius, Titus. Arbiter. Friend of Nero. (Satyricon) — .. 66 



320 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. 

Petroff, Basil Petrovitch. Russian Poet 1736. 

Petrus Aponis, or Peter di Abano. Phys. and Astrologer 1250. 
Petrus Hispanus. Medical Writer/ afterwards Pope 

John XX. or XXI — . 

Pett, Sir Peter. Political Writer 1630. 

Pettigrew, Thomas James, f. r. s. Antiquary 1790. 

Pettus, Sir John, m. p. Writer on Mines and Metals ... — . 

Petty, Sir William. (Political Arithmetic) 1623. 

Petty, William, Earl of Shelburne, Marquess of Lans- 

downe. Premier 1737. 

Petty-Fitzmaurice, Henry, Marquess of Lansdowne . . . 1 780 . 

Petyt, William. Legal Antiquary 1636. 

Peucer, Gaspard. German Physician and Mathematician 1525. 
Peurbach, or Purbach, George. German Astronomer . . 1423. 

Peuteman, Peter. Dutch Painter 1650. 

Peutinger, Conrad. German Scholar and Antiquary. . . 1465. 
Peyer, John Conrad. Swiss Anatomist. Discoverer . . . 1653. 
Peyre, Anthony Francis. French Painter and Architect 1739. 
Peyrere, Isaac de la. French Writer. (Prce-Adamitce) 1594. 
Peyron, John Francis Peter. French Historical Painter 1744. 
Peyronnet, Charles Ignatius, Count de. Fr. Statesman 1775. 
Peysonnel, Charles de, of Marseilles. Antiq. and Trav. 1700. 
Peysonnel,. Charles de, son. Historical and Polit. Writer 1727. 

Pezarese, II. Painter. See Cantarini 1612. 

Pezay, Alex. Fred. James Masson, Mqs. de. Fr. Writer 1741. 

Pezenas, Esprit. French Mathematician 1692. 

Pezron, Paul. Abbe. Biblical Writer 1639. 

Pfanner, Tobias. German Historian and Political Writer 1641 . 
Pfeffel, Christian Frederick. Jurisconsult & Diplomatist 1726. 

Pfeffel, Theophilus Conrad, of Colmar. Poet 1736. 

Pfeffercorn, John. Converted Jew. (De Abolendis) — . 

Pfeiffer, Augustus. German Orientalist 1640. 

Pfeiffer, Francis Louis. Swiss General in France 1716. 

Pfeiffer, Ida. Traveler 1795 • 

Pfeiffer, Louis, of Lucerne. General of Charles IX 1530. 

PfLster, Albert. Printer 1420? 

Phaedrus. Latin Fabulist fl. 

Phaer, Thomas. Welsh Physician and Poet — . 

Phalaris. Tyrant of Agrigentum — B. 

Phavorinus. Guarino. ( Etymologicum Magnum) — . 

Phelps, Elizabeth Stuart. American Writer 181 5 . 

Pherecydes. Greek Philosopher fl. ab. B.c.544 

Pherecydes. Greek Logographer fl. ab. B.c.480 

Phidias. Greek Sculptor 490?. 432 B.C. 

Philander, William. French Writer on Vitruvius, &c. . . 1 505 . .1565 

Philelphus, Francis. Italian Scholar I 398- • 1481 

Philemon. Athenian Comic Poet 360 ■. 262 b.c. 

Philidor, Francis Andrew Danican. Musician and Chess 

Plaver 1726.. 1795 

Philip II. King of Macedon (b. c. 359-336). Father of 

Alexander. Life by Olivier; Leland, 1758 382.336 b.c. 

Philip Arrhidaeus, son — b.c. 317? 

Philip V. (b. c. 220-179.) Defeated at Cynoscephalse . 237 .179 b.c. 
Philip. Emperor of Rome. (244-249) — . . 249? 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 321 

BORN. DIED. 

Philip I. King of France. (1060-1108) 1052. .1108 

Philip II. (1180-1223.) Augustus. Life by Guliehnus 

Brito; Baudot de Juilli, 1702 1165. .1223 

Philip III. (1270-85.) The Hardy. L. by Wm. deNangis 1245. .1285 

Philip IV. (1285-1314.) The Fair 1268. .1314 

Philip V. (1317-22.) The Long 1294. .1322 

Philip VI. (1328-50.) Be Valois 1293. . 1350 

Philip I. King of Spain (1504-6) 1478. .1506 

Philip II. (1555-98.) Life by Cabrera; Leti; Prescott 1527.. 1598 

Philip III. (1598-1621) 1578. .1621 

Philip IV. (1621-65) 1605.. 1665 

Philip V. (1700-46.) Bukeof Anjou. L. by Baccal. Sanna 1683. .1746 
Philip II. Duke of Burgundy. (House of Valois.) 

(1363-82.) The Hardy 1342. .1404 

Philip III. (1419-67.) The Good 1396. .1467 

Philip. Duke of Swabia. Elected Emperor, 1198 1178. .1208 

Philip. Duke of Orleans. Regent of France 1674. .1723 

Philip. King. Sachem of Pokanoket — . . 1676 

Philip, St., of Neri. Founder of the Oratory I 5 I 5- • 1595 

Philip, of the Holy Trinity. Fr. Miss. (/tin. Orientate) 1603. .1671 

Philipot, John. ( Villare Cantiunum) — . . 1645 

Philippa, of Hainault, Queen of Edward III — . . 1369 

Philippi, Henry. German Jesuit. Chronological Writer 1575. .1636 

Philippon, Armand, Baron. French General 1761 . . 1836 

Philips, Ambrose. Poet 1671 . .1749 

Philips, Mrs. Catherine. Poetess 1631 . . 1664 

Philips, Charles. Captain k. n. Navigator 1780. . 1840 

Philips, Fabian. Royalist. Political Writer 160 1 . . 1690 

Philips, John. Poet. (Splendid Shilling ; Blenheim.) Life 

by Sewel 1676. .1708 

Philistus. Greek Historian of Syracuse 435' .356 b.c. 

Phillimore, John Geo., q. c, m. p. Law Writer & Hist. 1809. . 1865 

Phillip, Arthur. Navigator 1738. ■ 1814 

P hill ips, Charles. Irish Barrister 1789. . 1859 

Phillips, Ed w. ; nephew of Milton. ( Theatrum Poetarum) 1630.. 1680 

Phillips, George. German Jurist 1804. .i860 

Phillips, John. American Merchant and Scholar 1719- • 1795 

Phillips, Sir Richard. Writer 1768 . . 1840? 

Phillips, Richard, F. R. s. Pharmaceutical Chemist .... 177S. . 1851 
Phillips, Samuel. Amer. Merchant and Philanthropist 1751 . .1802 

Phillips, Samuel, ll. d. Essayist and Novelist 1815 . . 1854 

Phillips, Thomas. Rom. Cath. Div. (Life of Card. Pole) 1708. .1774 

Phillips, Thomas. (History of Shrewsbury) — . . 1815 

Phillips, Thomas, k. a. Portrait Painter 1770. . 1845 

Phillips, Wm., F. R. s., F. G. s. Mineralog. & Crystallog. 1773. .1828 
Philo Judaeus. Jewish Philos., of Alexandria. . . B.C.20 ? .aft.A.D.40 

Philopcemen. Greek Commander 252. 183 b.c. 

Philostorgius. Ecclesiastical Historian 367' . 430? 

Philostratus. (Be Vita ApoUonii) 172?. — 

Philotheus. Patriarch of Constantinople — ..1371? 

Philpot, Rev. Charles. Poetical Writer — . . 1823 

Philpot, John. Archdeacon. Protestant Martyr — . . 1 555 

Phipps, Constantine, Lord Mulgrave. Navig. and Polit. 1744. • I 79 2 
Phipps, Constantine Henry. Mqs. of Normauby. Statesni. 1797.. 1863 
21 



322 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Phips, or PhippSj Sir William. Colonial Governor of 

Massachusetts 165 1 . . 1695 

Ptiocas. Emperor of the East (602-10) — . . 610 

Phocion. Athenian General. Lite by Hugh Todd. . . 402?. 317 B.C. 

Phocylid.es, of Miletus. Philosopher and Poet fl. B.C. 535 ? 

Photius. Patriarch of Constantinople. (Myriobiblon). . 815-'. 891? 

Phranza, George. Greek Historian 1401 . . i478 ? 

Pnryne. Athenian Courtesan fl. 4th c. B.C. 

Physick, Philip Syng. Amer. Physician and Surgeon. . 1768. .1837 

Pia, Philip Nicholas. French Chemist; Restorer of the 

drowned 1 721 . 

Piazza, Jerome Bartholomew. Writer on the Inquisition — . 

Piazzetta, John Baptist, of Venice. Painter 1682 or 3 

Piazzi, Joseph. Italian Astronomer 1746. 

Pibrac, Guy de Faur, Lord of. Lawyer and Poet. ( Quat- 
rains) J 5 2 9- 

Picard, John. French Astronomer and Mathematician. . 1620. 

Picard, Louis Benedict. French Dramatic Writer 1769. 

Picart, Bernard. French Engraver 1673. 

Picart, Stephen. Le Romain. French Engraver 1631". 

Piccart, Michael. German Philosopher and Critic 1574. 

Piecini, Nicholas. Neapolitan Musical Composer 1728. 

Piccolomini, Alexander. Abp. Dramatist and Philos. 1508. 

Piccolomini, Francis. Italian Philosopher 1520. 

Piccolomini, James. Cardinal. Ammanaii. Historian 1422. 

Piccolomini, Octavius. Austrian Gen. in 30 Years' War 1599. 

Pichegru, Charles. French General 1761 . 

Pichler, Caroline. German Novelist 1769. 

Pichon, John. French Jesuit. {The Spirit of Jesus Christ) 1683. 

Picken, Andrew. Miscellaneous Writer 1788. 

Pickens, Andrew. American Revolutionary General .. . 1739. 

Pickering, John. Amer. Scholar, Philologist, and Jurist 1777. 

Pickering, Timothy. Amer. Revolutionary Statesman 1746. 

Piekersgill, HenryWilliam. Artist 1782. 

Pickett, Albert James. American Historian 1810. 

Pico, John, della Mirandola. Ital. Philos. and Theologian 1463 . 

Pictet, Benedict, of Geneva. Divine and Historian .... 1655. 

Pictet, Mark Augustus, of Geneva. Natural Philosopher 1752. 

Pictet de Richemont, Charles. Swiss Agriculturist. . . 1755. 

Picton, Sir Thomas. General. Life by H. B. Robinson — . 

Picus, John, of Mirandola. Scholar. L. by J. F. Picus 1463. 

Picus, John Francis, nephew. Theologian and Poet. . . . 1469. 

Piddling, H. J. Artist I797 ? 

Pidou de St. Olon, Francis. Fr. Ambassador and Writ. 1640. 

Pierce, Edward. Painter — . 

Pierce, James, of Exeter. Presbyterian Divine — . 

Pierer, Henry Augustus. German Publisher 1794- 

Pierino, or Pierino del Vaga. Buonaccorsi. Ital. Painter 1501 . 

Piermarini, Joseph. Italian Architect 1734- 

Pierquin, John. French Divine 1672. 

Pierre, Corneille de la, or Cornelius a Lapide. Comment. — . 

Pierson, Christopher. Historical and Portrait Painter.-. 1631 . 

Pietro da Pietri. Historical Painter of Rome 1671 . 

Pietro della Francesca. Florentine Painter I 39% ? 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 323 



BORN 

Pigafetta, Francis Anthony. Voyager 1491 ? .aft.i534 

Pigalle, John Baptist. French Sculptor 1714 

Piganiol de la Force, John Aymar. {History of Paris) 1673 
Pighius, Albert. Ger. Roman Catholic Controversialist 1490 

Pighius, Stephen Wynants, nephew. Antiquary 1520 

Pignone, Simon, of Florence. Painter 1614 

Pignoria, Lawrence. Ital. Antiquary. ( The Isiac Tablet) 1571 
Pignotti, Lawrence. Ital. Poet & Hist. (Fables ; Tuscany) 1739 

Pigray, Peter. French Surgeon — 

Pike, Zebulon Montgomery. American General 1779 

Pilate, Pontius. Roman Governor of Judaea — 

Pilatre du Rosier, Francis. Aeronaut 1756 

Piles, Roger de. French Writer and Painter 1635 

Pilkington, James. Bishop of Durham. Prot. Reformer 1520 
Pilkington, Jas. Dissenting Div. (View of Derbyshire) 17 52 

Pilkington, Mrs. Lretitia. Poetess 1712 

Pilkington, Mrs. Mary. Writer 1766 

Pilkington, Rev. Matthew, ll. b. Biblical Scholar .... — 
Pillans, James, ll. d. Prof, at Edinburgh. Educationist 1778 

Pilon, Frederick. Irish Dramatic Writer 1750 

Pilon, Germain. French Sculptor and Architect 1515 

Pinseus, or Pineau, Severinus. French Surgeon 1550 

Pinchbeck, Thomas. Mechanician — 

Pinciano, Alonzo Lopez. Span. Phys. (Art of Poetry) 1250 
Pinckney, Charles Cotesworth. American Revolution- 
ary Officer and Diplomatist — 

Pinckney, Thomas, brother. Officer and Statesman ... — 

Pindar. Theban Lyric Poet 518.442 

Pindar, Sir Paul. Diplomatist — 

Pindemonte, Hippolytus, Count. Italian Poet 1753 

Pindemonte, John, brother. Dramatic Writer 1751 

Pine, John. Engraver and Printer. (Virgil; Mag. Charta) 1690 
Pineau, Gabriel du. Fr. Lawyer. Father of the People 1573 
Pineda, John de. Span. Orientalist and Biblical Writer 1557 

Pinel, Philip. French Medical Writer 1745 

Pinelli, Bartholomew. Painter and Etcher at Rome. . . . 1781 

Pinelli, John Vincent. Italian Patron of Letters 1535 

Pinet, Anthony du, Lord of Norroy. French Writer ... — 
Pingeron, John Claude, of Lyons. Political Writer. . . . 1730 
Pingre, Alexander Guy. Fr. Astron. ( Conn Ho graphie) 1711 

Pinkerton, John. Miscellaneous Writer 1758 

Pinkney, Edward Coate. American Poet 1802 

Pinkney, William. American Lawyer. L. by Wheaton 1764 
Pinon, James. Fr. Lawyer and Poet. (De Anno Romano) — 

Pinson, Richard. Printer - 

Pintelli, Baccio. Italian Architect - 

Pinto. Portuguese Traveler. See Mendez 1509 

Pintor, Peter. Spanish Physician 1423 

Pinturicchio, Btrnardin. Bernardino Betti. Painter.. 1454 

Pinzon, Martin Alonzo. Navigator — aft 

Pinzon, Vincent Yanez. Navigator fl. 16th c 

Pio, Albert, Prince of Carpi. Opponent of the Reformation 1475 

Piombino, Maria Anne Eliza Bonapart, Princess 1777 

Piombo, Sebastiano del. Painter 1485 



1785 

*753 
1542 

1604 
1698 
1631 
18x2 
1613 
1813 

3* ? 
1785 
1709 

1575 

1804 

1750 

1840? 

1765 

1864 

1788 

1590? 

1619 

1783 



825 
828 

B.C. 

650 
828 
8l2 
756 
644 

637 
826 

335 
601 
584? 

795 

796 

826 

828 

822 

641 

53° ? 

494 ? 

583 

503 

513 

492 



53i 
820 

547 



324 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Piozzi, Mrs. Hester Lynch. L. by self, andHayward, 1861 1739. . 1821 
Piper, Charles, Count. Minister of Chas. XII. of Sweden — . . 1 716 

Piper, Francis le. English Comic Painter — . .1740 

Pippi, Julius. Giulio Romano T 49 2 - • J 546 

Piranesi, Francis. Artist 1748. .1810 

Piranesi, John Baptist. Engraver, Architect, Antiquary 1720. .1778 

Piranesi, Laura. Engraver — . . 1 785 

Piroli, Thomas. Italian Designer and Engraver 1750. .1824 

Piromalli, Paul. Italian Orientalist and Missionary I59i ? .i667 

Piron, Alexis. French Poet and Dramatist 1689. .1773 

Pisa, Leonard of, or Leonardo Fibonacci. Arithmetician, fl. 1220? 
Pisan, Christina de. Historical and Poetical Writer. . . . 1363?. 1431? 

Pisan, Thomas. Astrologer, of Bologna — . . 1380 

Pisani, Victor. Venetian General — . . 1380 

Pisano, II. Nicholas di Pisa. Sculptor and Architect 1200 ? . aft. 1273 
Pisano, Andrew. Architect, Sculptor, Metal Founder . . 1270. .1345 
Pisano, Giunta. Giunta di Pisa. Tuscan Painter .. . 1 180 '.aft. 1236 

Pisano, John. Architect and Sculptor 1235 '■ . 1320 

Piscator, John Fischer. German Calvinistic Divine. . . . 1546. .1626 

Pisistratus. Tyrant of Athens (b. c. 560-527) 6i2 : ' .527 b.c. 

Pisseleu, Anne de, Duchess d'fitampes. Favorite of 

Francis 1 1508. .1576? 

Pistorius, John. German Historian and Controversialist 1546. . 1608 
Pitau, Nicholas, of Antwerp. Painter and Engraver. . . . 1633?. 1676? 
Pitcairn, Archibald, m.d. {Elemenia Physico-Mathemat.) 1652. .1713 

Pithou, Francis. Jurist 1544- • 1621 

Pithou, Peter, brother. French Jurist and Philologist. . 1539. .1596 
Pitiscus, Bartholomew. Divine and Mathematician. ... 1 561 . .1613 

Pitiseus, Samuel. Philologist 1637. .1717 

Pitkin, Timothy. American Historian 1765 . . 1847 

Pitot, Henry. "Mathematician and Engineer. 1695 • • I 77 I 

Pits, or Pitsius, John. Roman Catholic Biographer 1560. .1616 

Pitt, Rev. Christopher. Poet and Translator 1699. .1748 

Pitt, Thomas. Governor of Fort St. George 1653. .1726 

Pitt, William, First Earl of Chatham. See Chatham 1708. . 1778 

Pitt, Wm., son. Premier. L. by GifTord ; Earl Stanhope 1759.. 1806 

Pittacus, of Mitylene. Warrior and Sage 652?. 569 b.c. 

Pitts, William. " Artist 1 790 . . 1840 

Pius I. Pope (142-157) _ .••.••••;• _ • ■ *57 

Pius H. (1458-64.) JEneas Sylvius Piccolomini. Life 

by J. Gobelin, 1584 1405 . .1464 

Pius HI. (1503.) Francis Todeschini Piccolomini 1439.. 1503 

Pius IV. (1559-65.) John Angelo de' Medici 1499- • 1565 

Pius V. (1566-72.) Michael Ghislieri i5°4- • I S7 2 

Pius VI. (1775-99.) John Ang. Braschi. L. by Bourgoing 1717. .1799 
Pius VH. (1800-23.) Barnabas Louis Chiaramonti ... 1742.. 1823 

Pius VHE. (1829-30.) Castiglione 1761 . . 1830 

Pizarro, Francis. Conqueror of Peru 1475?. 1541 

Pizarro, Gonzalo, brother. Spanish Adventurer 1506. .1548 

Pizzi, Joachim. Italian Poet 1716. .1790 

Placcius, Vincent. German Jurist 1642 . . 1699 

Place, Francis. Painter and Engraver — . .1728 

Place, Peter de la. French Magistrate and Writer 1526. .1572 

Placentius, Peter, or John Leo. {Pugna Porcorum).. . . 1500?. 1550? 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 325 

BORN. DIED. 

Placette, John de la. Fr. Protestant. (Essnis de Morale) 1639. .1718 
Placidia. Roman Empress, mother of Valentinian III. . . 390?. 450 

Placitus Papyriensis, Sextus. (De Medicamentis) ti. 4th c. 

Planche, John Baptist Gustavus. French Critic 1808. .1857 

Planck, Theophilua James. German Theologian 1751- • 1833 

Plan tin, Christopher. French Printer at Antwerp 1514- -1589 

Planudes Maximus. Greek Monk. ( Life of jEsop) . . — aft. 1340 

Plater, Felix, of Basle. French Medical Writer 1536. . 1614 

Platina, Bartholomew de' Sacchi. (History of the Popes) 1421. .1481 

Plato. Greek Philosopher 428'. 347 B.C. 

Platoff, Matvei Ivanovitch. Russian General 1757. .1818 

Platon. Archbishop of Moscow 1737 . . 1802 

Plautus, Titus Maccius. Latin Comic Poet 2 54 ? - x ^4 B.C. 

Playfair, John. Mathem. and Nat. Philos. of Edinburgh 1749. . 1819 

Playfair, William. Political Writer 1759- • 1823 

Playford, Henry. ( Orpheus Britannicus) — . .1710? 

Playford, John. Writer on Music 1613. . 1693 

Plegmund. Archbishop of Canterbury (890-914) — . . 914 

Plempius, Vopiscus Fortunatus. Dutch Medical Writer 1601. .1671 

Pleyel, Ignatius. German Musical Composer 1757. . 1831 

Pleyel, Joseph Stephen Camille, son. Comp. and Pianist 1788. .1855 

Pliny, the Elder. (Historia Naturulis) 23. . 79 

Pliny, the Younger. Propraetor; Author 61 .aft. 105 

Ploos van Amstel, Cornelius. Dutch Engraver 1726. .1798 

Plot, Robert, ll. d. Natural Philosopher and Antiquary 1641 . . 1696 

Plotinus. Neoplatonic Philosopher 205 . . 270 

Plowden, Edmund. Rom. Cath. Politician &Law Writer 1518. .1585 
Plowden, Francis. Historical and Miscellaneous Writer — ..1829 

Pluche, Noel Anthony. French Writer 1688. .1761 

Plukenet, Leonard. Botanist 1642. . 1710? 

Plume, Thomas. Founder of Plumian Professorship. .. . 1630.. — 
Plumer, William. Amer. Politician. L. by his son, 1856 1759. . 1850 

Plumier, Charles. French Botanist 1646. .1704 

Plumptre, Rev. James. Miscellaneous Writer 1771 . . 1832 

Plunket, Oliver. Archbishop of Armagh; executed 1629. .1681 

Plunket, Win. Conyngham, Lord. Ld. Chanc. of Ireland 1764 . . 1854 

Pluquet, Francis Andrew Adrian. French Writer 1716. .1790 

Plutarch. Greek Biographer and Philosopher 46?. 120? 

Pocahontas. Daughter of Powhatan 1595?. 1617 

Poccetti. Italian Painter. See Barbatelli 1542. . 1612 

Pocock, Edward, d. d Orientalist and Biblical Com- 
mentator. Life by Twells, 1740 1604. . 1691 

Pocock, Isaac. Artist and Dramatist 1782 . . 1835 

Pococke, Richard. Bp. of Meath. Traveler in the East 1704. .1765 

Podiebrad, George. King of Bohemia; Hussite 1420. . 1471 

Poe, Edgar Allan. American Poet and Tale Writer 1S11 . . 1849 

Poelemburg, Cornelius. Dutch Painter 1586. . 1660 

Poellnitz, Chas. Louis, Baron von. Ger. Writer of Memoirs 1692. .1775 
Poerson, Charles Francis. Fr. Hist, and Portr. Painter 1653?. 1725 
Poggio Bracciolini, John Francis. Reviver of Learn- 
ing. Life by Dr. W. Shepherd, 1802 1380. . 1459 

Poilly, Francis. French Engraver 1622. . 1693 

Poindexter, George. American Politician — . . 1853 

Poinsett, Joel Roberts. American Statesman *779- .1851 



326 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Poiret, Peter. Mystical Enthusiast. (Divine Economy) 1646. .1719 
Poirier, Germain. French Chronologist and Antiquary . 1724. .1803 

Poirson, John Baptist. French Geographer 1760. . 1831 

Pois, Anthony le. French Physician and Numismatist . 1525. .1578 

Poisson, Nicholas Joseph. Abbe\ Philosopher 1637.. 1710 

Poisson, Raymond. French Actor and Dramatist J633- .1690 

Poisson, Simeon Denis. French Mathematician 1781. .1840 

Poissonnier, Peter Isaac. Fr. Physician and Chemist. . 1720.. 1798 

Poitiers, Diana de, Duchess de Valentinois 1500. .1556 

Poivre, Peter. French Naturalist and Traveler 1719- 1786 

Polan, Amand. Protestant Theologian of Basle 1561 . . 1610 

Pole, Reginald. Cardinal. Abp. of Canterbury (1556-58). 

Life by T. Phillips; Beccadelli, translated by Pye 1500.. 155S 

Polemo. Grecian Philosopher 340'' . 272? b.c. 

Polemo. Grecian Geographer fl. 2d c. 

Poleni, John, Marquis. Italian Mathematician 1683. .1761 

Polevoy, Nicholas Alexievitch. Siberian Writer 1796. . 1846 

Polhem, Christopher. Swedish Engineer 1661 . . 1751 

Poli, Joseph Xavier. Italian Naturalist 1746. . 1825 

Poli, Martin. Italian Chemist 1662.. 1 714 

Polidoro. Da Caravaggio. Painter 1495 . .1543 

Polignac, Jules Augustus Armand Mary, Prince de. 

French Statesman; Minister of Charles X 1780. .1847 

Polignac, Melchior de. Cardinal. Statesm. and Writer. 

(Anti-Lucretius.) L. by F. Chrysostom Faucher, 1777 1661. .1741 

Poliniere, Peter. French Mathematician 167 1 . .1734 

Politi, Alexander. Italian Scholar 1679. .1752 

Politian, or Poliziano, Angelo. Scholar. L. by Gresswell 1454. . 1494 
Polk, James Knox. Eleventh President of United States 1795. -1849 
Polk, Leonidas. "Confederate" Bishop and General. . . 1806. .1864 
Pollajuolo, Anthony. Florentine Painter and Sculptor. 1426. .1498 

Pollajuolo, Peter, brother. Painter and Sculptor 1428. . 1498 

Pollajuolo, Simon deL 11 Cronaca. Architect H54- • I 5°9 

Pollexfen, Sir Henry. Judge — . . 1682 

Pollio, Caius Asinius. Roman Orator, Poet, and Hist.. B.C.76.A.D.4 
Pollio, Trebellius. One of the Writers of the Historia 

Augusta ti. Constantine 

Pollrritz, Chas. Louis, Baron von. Ger. Writer of Memoirs 1692. .1775 
Pollok, Robert. Poet. ( Course of Time.) Life by Pol- 

lok, 1842 . 1799. . 1827 

Pollux, Julius. Greek Grammarian. (Onomasticon).. . 180.. 238 

Polo, Gaspar Gil. Spanish Poet and Romancist 15 16. . 1572 

Polo, Marco. Traveler 1256?. 1323 

Polus, Matthaeus. (Synopsis Criticorum.) See Poole. .. 1624. .1679 
Polwhele, Rev. Richard. Antiquary, Historian, Poet. 

( Cornwall) 1760. . 1838 

Polyaenus, Julius. The Macedonian. Writer. (Strata- 

gemata) fl. 150 

Polybius. Greek Historian 204 ? .i22?B.c. 

Polycarp. Bishop of Smyrna. Martyr 8o ? . i6o ? 

Polycletua. Greek Sculptor fl. 452-412 B.C. 

Polycrates. Tyrant of Samos — b.c. 522 

Polydore Vergil. Historian i47o ? . 1555 

Polygnotus. Greek Painter fl. 463-435 b.c. 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 327 

BORN. DIED. 

Pombal, Sebastian Joseph de Carvalho. Marquis of. Por- 
tuguese Statesman. Life, Paris, 4 vols. 12mo, 1783; 

J. Smith, 1813 1699. .1782 

Pomeranus, or John Bugenhagen. Protestant Reformer 1485. .1558 
Pomet, Peter, of Paris. ( General History of Drugs). . . . 1658. .1699 
Pomey, Francis. French Jesuit. (Pantheum Mysticum) 1618. .1673 

Pomfret, John. Poet 1667?. 1703 

Pommeraye, John Francis, of St. Maur. Eccles. Hist. 161 7. .1687 
Pompadour, Jane Antoinette Poisson, Marchioness of.. . 1722. .1764 
Pompei, Jerome. Italian Poet. Life by Pindemonte; 

Cardinal Fontana 1 731 . . 1 788 

Pompeius, Sextus. Roman Commander 75.35 B.C. 

Pompey the Great. Roman General 106.48 B.C. 

Pompignan, John George le Franc de. Archbp. ; Writer 1715 . .1790 
Pompignan, John James le Franc, Marquis de, brother. 

Poet and Writer 1709. .1784 

Pomponatius, or Pomponazzi, Peter. Perelto. Aris- 
totelian Philosopher. {De Jmmortalitate Animce) . . 1462 .1524 or 6 
Pomponius Laetus, Julius. Peter of Calabria. Historian 1425.. 1497 

Pomporiius Mela. Roman Geographer n. 50' 

Pona, Francis, of Verona. Physician J594- .1652? 

Pona, John Baptist, of Verona. Philosopher and Poet. — . .1588 

Ponee, Peter de. Spanish Teacher of the Dumb 1530?. 1584 

Ponce de Leon, John. Spanish Discoverer in America i46o ? .i52i 

Ponce de Leon, Louis. Spanish Lyric Poet 1528. .1591 

Ponce de Leon, Roderick. Spanish Commander *443- ■ *49 2 

Pond, John. Astronomer Royal l 7^7 ? - ^3^ 

Ponet, or Poynet, John. Bp." of Winchester. Reformer 1514?. 1556 
Poniatowski, Joseph Anthony, Prince. Polish General ; 

Marshal of France 1 762 . . 1813 

Poniatowski, Stanislaus. Ambassador 1677. .1762 

Poniatowski, Stanislaus Augustus, last King of Poland 

(1764-92) 1732. . 1798 

Pons, John Francis de. French Writer 1683 . . 1 732 

Pons, Louis. French Astronomer 1761 . . 1831 

Ponsonby, Sir Fred. Cavendish, k. c. b. Major-General 1783. .1837 
Pontanus, James. Bohemian Jesuit ; Philologist and 

Classical Scholar 1542. .1626 

Pontanus, John Isaac. Danish Historian and Antiquary 15 71 . . 1639 

Pontanus, Jovianus. Italian Latin Poet 1426. -1503 

Pontas, John. French Religious Writer 1638. .1728 

Ponte, Lorenzo da. Italian Poet. (Don Juan) *749- • *&37 

Pontedera, Julius. Italian Botanist 16S8. .1757 

Pontiac. North American Indian Chief 1 712?. 1769 

Pontianus. Bishop of Rome (230-85) — . . 235 

Pontius. Ecclesiastical Writer. (Life of Cyprian) — .. 258? 

Pontius, or De Fuente, Constantine. Spanish Divine .. . — . . 1559 

Pontius, Paul. Engraver I596 ? .aft.i653 

Pontoppidan, Eric. Danish Divine and Grammarian . . 1621 . .1678 
Pontoppidan, Eric, nephew. (Annals of Danish Church) 1698.. 1764 
Pontormo, James da. Jacopo Carrucci. Italian Painter 1493. .1558 
Ponz, Anthony. Span. Topographer and Writer on Art 1725. .1792 

Pool, Jurian van. Dutch Portrait Painter 1666. .1745 

Pool, Rachel van, wife. Flower Painter 1664. .1750 



328 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. 

Poole, Matthew. (Annotations ; Synoj^sis Criticorum) . . . 1624 

Poor, Daniel. American Missionary 1789 

Pope, Alexander. Poet. Life bv W. Ayre, 1745 ; Owen 

Ruff head, 1767; Bowles; Roscoe, 1821; R. Carruthers 1688 
Pope, Sir Thomas. Treasurer. L. by Rev. T. Warton, 1772 1508 

Pope, Walter, m. d. Gresham Professor; Humorist — 

Popham, Sir Home Riggs. Naval Commander 1762 

Popham, Sir John. Judge • 1531 

Poppaea Sabina. Wife of Nero — 

Popple, William. Governor of Bermuda. Dramatist... 1701 

Porbus, Francis. The Elder. Dutch Painter 1540 

Porbus, Francis, son. The Younger. Painter 1570 

Porcaechi, Thomas. Venetian Collector and Writer. . . 1530 
Porcheron, David Placide. French Benedictine; Scholar 1652 

Porcia, daughter of Cato, wife of Brutus — 

Pordage, John. Astrologer and Alchemist 1625 

Porden, Miss Eleanor Anne. Writer. See Franklin . . . 1795 
Pordenone, II. John Anthony Licinio Regillo. Ital. Paint. 1484 
Poree, Charles. French Rhetorician and Writer. ( Collec- 
tion of Harangues) 1675 

Poree, Charles Gabriel, br. (Nouvelles Litteraires de Caen) 1685 
Porphyry, of Tyre. Greek Philos. ; Antichristian Writer 233 

Porpora, Nicholas. Italian Musical Composer 1685 

Porporati, Charles Anthony. Italian Engraver 1741 

Porson, Richard. Critic. Life by J. S. Watson, 1861 . . 1759 
Porta, Baccio della. Fra Bartolomeo di San Marco, or 

II Frate. Painter 1469 

Porta, Costanzo. Italian Musical Composer — 

Porta, James della. Italian Architect . . 1530 

Porta, J. Baptist della. Neapol. Phys. (Magia Naturalis) 1550 

Porta, Simon. Italian Aristotelian Philosopher 1496 

Portal, Anthony. Ital. Phys. (Hist, of Anat. and Surgery) 1742 
Portalis, John "Stephen Mary. ' Fr. Lawyer & Statesman 1746 

Porte, Peter de la. French Courtier. (iMemoirs) 1603 

Porter, Alexander. American Jurist 1786 

Porter, Miss Anna Maria. Novelist. (Hungarian Brothers) 1781 

Porter, David. American Naval Officer 1780 

Porter, Ebenezer. American Divine 1772 

Porter, Francis. Irish Theologian at Rome — 

Porter, George Richardson. (Progress of the Nation). . . 1792 
Porter, Miss Jane. Novelist. ( Thaddeus of Warsaw ; 

Scottish Chiefs) 1 776 

Porter, Peter Buel. American Soldier 1773 

Porter, Sir Robert Ker. Diplom., Paint., Writ. (Travels) 1780 

Porter, William David. American Naval Officer — 

Portes, Philip des. French Poet 1546 

Porteus, Beilby. Bishop of London (1787-1808). Life 

by Hodgson 1731 

Portlock, J. E. Major-General. Engineer and Geologist 1795 

Portsmouth, Duchess of. See Querouaille 1652 

Portus, ^Emilius. Greek Lexicographer 15 50. aft 

Portus, Francis. Greek Scholar 1511 . 

Posidonius. Greek Philosopher 135 : ' . 50 

Posse via, Anthony. Italian Jesuit. Politician and Writer 1534 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 329 



BORX. DIED. 



Post, Francis, of Haarlem. Painter and Engraver 1614. 

Postel, William. French Visionary 1510. 

Postlethwayte, Malachi. Commercial Writer 1707' 

Pote, Joseph, of Eton. (History of Windsor Castle) — . 

Potemkin, Gregory Alexandrovitch. Russ. Field Marshal 1736. 

Potenger, or Pottinger, John. Poet. ( On Death) 1647. 

Poter, or Potter, Paul. Dutch Painter of Animals 1625. 

Pothier, Robert Joseph. French Lawyer 1699. 

Potocki, Claudia, Countess. Benefactress 1802. 

Potocki, Ignatius, Count. Polish Patriot 175 1 • 

Potocki, John, Count. Polish Historian 1761 . 

Potocki, Stanislaus Kostka, Ct. Polish Statesm. and Writ. 1757. 

Pott, John Henry. Professor of Chemistry at Berlin 1692. 

Pott, Joseph Holden. Archdeacon of London. Poet&Div. 1779. 

Pott, Percival. Surgical Writer. Life by Earle 171 3. 

Potter, Alonzo, D. d. American Divine and Writer .... 1800. 

Potter, Christopher. Dean of Worcester. Anti-Calvinist 

Divine i59 I? 

Potter, Francis. Divine and Mechanician. (Explication 

of No. 666) 1594- 

Potter, John. Archbishop of Canterbury ( 1737-47). (An- 
tiquities of Greece.) Life by Anderson and Dunbar. . 1674? 

Potter, Louis Joseph Anthony de. Belgian Revolutionist 1786. 

Potter, Paul. Dutch Painter of Animals 1625 . 

Potter, Robert. Poet and Translator of Greek Plays ... 1721 . 

Pottier, Francis. French Missionary 1718. 

Pottinger, Sir Henry. Commander and Envoy 17^9- 

Potts, Rev. George, d. d. American Divine 1801 . 

Pouget, Francis Aime\ French Theologian 1666. 

Poulle, Nicholas Louis. Abbe\ Preacher J7°3- 

Pounds, John. English Philanthropist 1766. 

Poupart, Francis. French Physician and Anatomist . . . 1661. 

Pourbus, orPorbus, Francis. The Elder. Dutch Painter 1540. 

Pourbus, or Porbus, Francis, son. The Younger. Portrait 

Painter 157°- 

Pourchot, Edmund. French Orientalist and Philosopher 165 1 . 

Pourfour du Petit, Francis, of Paris. Phys. & Herbalist 1664. 

Pouscnkin, Alexander. Russian Poet 1 799 . 

Poussin, Caspar. Painter 1613. 

Poussin, Nicholas. Painter 1594- 

Powell, Rev. Baden. Professor 1796. 

Powell, David. Welsh Divine 1552? 

Powell, Edward. Roman Catholic Divine; hanged. 

(Propugnaculum) — • 

Powell, Foster. Pedestrian 1 734 ? 

Powell, Gabriel. Writer. (Unlawfulness of Toleration). 1575. 

Powell, George. Actor and Dramatist — . 

Powell, Griffith, of Jesus Coll., Oxf. (De Deynonstratione) 1561 . 

Powell, Sir John. Judge — • 

Powell, John Joseph. Jurist — • 

Powell, William. Actor .* — • 

Powell, William Samuel. Archdeacon of Colchester. 

Life by T. Balguy 1717- 

Power, Henry, m. d. Natural Philosopher — • 



[680 
58, 
767 
787 
791 

733 
1654 
772 
836 



330 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Power, Tyrone. Irish Actor and Author 1795 • • l8 4 I 

Powhatan. Indian Sachem — . . 1618 

Powis, Percy Herbert, Lord. Royalist and Writer — . . 1667 

Powlett, First Marquess of Winchester. See Pawlett. . . 1475. .1572 
Pownall, Thomas, M. p. Political & Antiquarian Writer 1722. .1805 
Poynet, or Ponet, John. Bp. of Winchester. Reformer 1514?. 1556 
Poynings, Sir Edward. Author of " Poynings's Law " 

in Ireland — ..15 12 

Poyntel, Daniel. Nonconformist Divine — . . 1674 

Pozzetti, Pompilius. Florentine Writer 1769. . 1816 

Pozzo, Andrew. Painter and Architect 1642. .1709 

Pozzo, Modesta. Fonte-Moderata. Venetian Poetess. . . 1555.. 1592 

Pozzo di Borgo, Charles Andrew. Diplomatist 1764. . 1842 

Pradier, John James. Sculptor at Paris 1792. . 1852 

Pradon, John Nicholas. French Poet 1632. . 1698 

Pradt, Dominique Dufour. Abbe. Political Writer ... 1759. .1837 

Praed, Winthrop Mackworth. Poet 1802. . 1839 

Pram, Christian Henriksen. Danish Writer 1756. . 1821 

Pratt, Charles, First Earl Camden. Lord Chancellor . . . 1713. .1794 

Pratt, Sir Charles. Lieutenant-General 1771 . . 1839 

Pratt, Rev. Josiah. Divine — . . 1844 

Pratt, Samuel Jackson. Poet, Novelist, and Misc. Writer 1749. . 18 14 

Praxiteles. Greek Statuary fl. B.C. 364 

Preble, Edward. American Naval Officer 1761 . . 1807 

Preis, Joachim Frederick. Swedish Ambassador 1660. .1759 

Premontval, Andrew Peter le Guay de. ( Monogamia) . . 1 716 . . 1 764 

Prentiss, Seargent Smith. American Orator 1808. . 1850 

Prescott, Oliver. American Patriot 1731 . . 1804 

Prescott, William, ll. d. American Lawyer 1762. .1844 

Prescott, William Hickling, son. Hist. Life by Ticknor 1796. . 1859 
Preston, John, d. d. Puritan Writer. (New Covenant) 1587.. 1628 

Preston, Thomas, d. c. l. Dramatic Writer 1537. .1598 

Preston, William Campbell. Amer. Statesman & Orator 1794. .i860 

Preti, Jerome. Tuscan Poet 1582. . 1626 

Preville, Peter Louis Dubus de. French Actor 1721 . .1799 

Prevost, Isaac Benedict. Swiss Naturalist 1755 . . 1819 

Prevost, Peter. French Painter of Panoramas 1764. . 1823 

Prevost-d'Exiles, Anthony Francis. French Writer . . 1697. .1763 

Price, David. Major. Historian and Orientalist 1762. . 1835 

Price, James, m. d., f. k. s. Last of the Alchemists 1758. .1783 

Price, Sir John. Antiquary. [Defence of British History) — ••*553 ? 
Price, or Pricaeus, John. English Critic and Biblical 

Writer, settled at Florence 1600 . . 1676 

Price, Peter Charles. Surgeon and Medical Writer 1832?. 1864 

Price, Richard, d. d. Political Writer. Life by W. Mor- 
gan, 1815 1723. .1791 

Price, Rev. Thomas. Welsh Scholar. Life by Jane Wil- 
liams, 1854 1787 . . 1848 

Price, Sir Uvedale. Writer on Art. (Essay on the Pictur- 
esque) 1747- .1829 

Prichard, James Cowles, m. d. Ethnologist 1785 . .1848 

Prichard, Rev. Rees. Welsh Poet 1574'. 1644 

Prideaux, Humphrey. Dean of Norwich. ( Connection) 1648. .1724 
Prideaux, John. Prof, at Oxford. Bishop of Worcester 1578. .1650 



A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 331 

BORN. DIED. 

Priessnitz, Vincent. Hydropathic Physician 1799- .1851 

Priestley, Dr. Joseph. Unitarian Writer and Natural Phi- 

losoper. Life by self and son, 1806-7; Rutt, 1831 1733. .1804 

Primaticcio, Francis. Italian Artist 1490. .1570 

Prime, John. Puritan Divine — . . 1 596 

Primrose, Gilbert, D. D. Scottish Divine. (Jacob's Vow)* — ..1642 
Primrose, James, M. d., son. Medical Writer; Oppo- 
nent of Harvey — • • i66o ? 

Prince, Rev. John. Antiquary. ( Worthies of Devon). . 1643. .1720? 

Prince, Rev. Thomas. American Historian 1687. .1758 

Prince de Beaumont, Mme. le. Writer for the Young — . .1780 
Pringle, Sir John, m. d. President of the Royal Society. 

Natural Philosopher. Life by Dr. Kippis*. I7°7- -1782 

Pringle, Thomas. Poetical and Miscellaneous Writer. 

[African Sketches.) Life by Ritchie i7 8 9- • l8 34 

Prinsep, Charles Robert, ll. d. Political Economist . . . 1788? . 1864 
Prinsep, James. Orientalist. ( Sketches of Benares) .. . 1800.. 1840 
Prinsep, John. Alderman of London. Writer on Trade 

and Finance 1747?. 1831 

Printz, Wolfgang GJaspar. German Musical Writer 1641 . . — 

Priolo, or Prioli, Benjamin. French Historical Writer . . 1602.. 1667 

Prior, Matthew. Poet ... 1664.. 1721 

Priscian. Latin Grammarian. (De Arte Grammatica) fl. 52^ 

Priscillian. Spanish Heretic — • • 385 

Pritz, or Pritius, John George. Lutheran Divine 1662. .1732 

Probus, Marcus Aurelius. Roman Emperor (276-82).. . 232. . 282 

Procaccini, Camillus. Italian Painter J 546- • 1626 

Procaccini, Charles Anthony, brother. Landsc. Painter fl. 1605 

Procaccini, Hercules. The Elder. Painter 1520.aft.1590 

Procaccini, Hercules, grandson. The Younger. Flower 

Painter 1596- -1676 

Procaccini, Julius Caesar. Painter J 548- • x 626 

Procida, John of. Sicilian Patriot 1225?. 1303 

Proclus. Neoplatonic Philosopher 412. . 485 

Procope Couteau. French Physician and Comic Writer 1684. .1753 

Procopius. Byzantine Historian 5°° ? • 5^5 

Procopius, of Gaza. Biblical Commentator fl. 560? 

Procopius, Anthemius. Roman Emperor — . . 472 

Procopius Rasa. Hussite Leader — . . 1434 

Procter, Miss Adelaide Anne. Poetess — • • 1864 

Prodicus. Grecian Sophist fl. 5thc. B.C. 

Prokopniev, Ivan Prokophievitch. Russian Artist 1758- .1828 

Prony, Caspar Clair Francis Mary Riche de. French 

Mathematician i/55- - l8 39 

Propertius. Roman Poet 5i?.aft.i6 b.c. 

Prosper, of Aquitaine. Christian Writer 403 . aft.463 

Protagoras. Greek Sophist 480'. 41 1 ? b.c. 

Protogenes. Painter of Rhodes. Life by Carlo Dati . . — b. 0.300? 

Proudhon, John Baptist Victor. French Jurist 1758. . 1838 

Proudhon, Peter Joseph. French Socialist Writer 1809. . 1865 

Prout, Samuel. Painter in Water Colors 1 783 .. 1852 

Prout, William, m. d. Medical Writer 1786. .1850 

Prouvencale de Saint- Hilaire, Auguste. French Bot- 
anist. (Flora Brasilia:) i779--i 8 53 



332 A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 

BORN. DIED. 

Provenzale, Marcello da Cento. Painter in Mosaic 1575. . 1639 

Provoost, Samuel, d. d. American Divine 1742. .1815 

Proyart, Lievain Bonaventure. French Historical Writer 1743?. 1808 
Prudentius, Aurelius Clemens. Christian Latin Poet . . 348.aft.404 
Prudhomme, Louis Mary. Writer on Fr. Revolutions 1752.. 1830 

Prud'hon,*Peler Paul. French Painter 1758. . 1823 

Prynne, William. Lawyer and Writer. (Hislriomastix) 1600.. 1699 
Przipeovius, Samuel. Polish Knight. Socinian Writer 1592?. 1670 
Psalmanazer, George. Literary Impostor. (History of 

Formosa.) Life by self 1679?. 1763? 

Psammetichus. Egyptian King — B.C. 609 or 10 

Psellus, Michael. Greek Writer — . . 1078 

Ptolemy I. Outer. King of Egyyt(B. c. 323 or 306-285) 367. 282 B.C. 
Ptolemy II. Philadelphia, (b. c. 285-247.) Founder 

of Museum and Library of Alexandria 309 . 247 B.C. 

Ptolemy III. Euergetes. (b. c. 247-222) — B.c.222 

Ptolemy IV. Phildpator. (b. c. 222-205). — B.c.205 

Ptolemy V. Epiphanes. (b. c. 205-181) 210. 181 B.C. 

Ptolemy VI. Philometer. (b. c 181-146, with interrup- 
tions) — B.C. 146 

Ptolemy VH. Euergeles II., or Physcon. (b. c. 146-117, 

with interruptions) — B.c.117 

Ptolemy VIII. Soter II., or Lathyrus. (b. c. 117-81, 

with interruptions) — B.C. 81 

Ptolemy IX. JVeos, Dionysus, or Auletes. (b. c. 80-51) — B.C. 51 
Ptolemy, Claudius. Mathem., Astronomer, Geographer fl. 139-161 

Publicola, Publius Valerius. Consul (b. c. 509) — B.c.503 

Publius Syrus. Latin Comic Poet fl. b.c. 42 

Puchta, Wolfgang Henry. German Jurist 1769. . 1845 

Pudsey, Hugh. Bishop" of Durham (1153-95) 1 125?. 1 195 

Pufendorf, Isaiah. {Anecdotes of Sweden) 1628. . 1689 

Pufendorf, Samuel, Baron von. br. Civilian and Hist. 1632. .1694 
Pugatcheff, Yemelyan. Cossack Chieftain and Pretender 

to Russian Throne , 1 726 . . 1 775 

Puget, Peter. French Sculptor, Painter, Architect 1622. . 1694 

Pughe, Dr. William Owen. Welsh Lexicog. and Writer 1759. . 1835 
Pugin, Augustus. French Architectural Draughtsman. . 1769.. 1832 
Pugin, Augustus Welby Northmore, son. Architect. 

Life by Ferrey 1811 . . 1852 

Puisaye, Joseph," Count. French Royalist 1754?. 1827 

Pujol. Abel de. French Painter 1785.. 1861 

Pulaski, Casimir, Count. Polish Patriot. General in 

American Revolutionary War 1747- • *779 

P