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Full text of "Canadian Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge 1848"









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Presented to the 
LIBRARY of the 

UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO 

by 



John Tinker and 
Catherine J. Morrison 



SCOBIE & BALFOUR S 

CANADIAN ALMANAC, 

AND 

REPOSITORY 

OF 

USEFUL KNOWLEDGE, 

FOR THE YEAR 

1848, 

- 

BEING LEAP YEAR. 



.CONTAINING FULL AND AUTHENTIC COMMERCIAL, STATISTICAL, ASTRONOMICAL, 

DEPARTMENTAL, ECCLESIASTICAL, EDUCATIONAL, FINANCIAL, 

MILITARY, NAVAL, AND GENERAL INFORMATION. 



THE ASTRONOMICAL CALCULATIONS HAVE BEEN MADE EXPRESSLY FOR THE CANADIAN 

ALMANAC, FOR THE MERIDIANS OF TORONTO, MONTREAL, QUEBEC 

FREDERICTON, N. B., AND HALIFAX, N. S. ; 

TO WHICH ARE ADDED, 

FULL PARTICULARS OF THE SOLAR ECLIPSE OF THE 5TH MARCH, 1848, FOR ST. JOHN N. B. 
KINGSTON, U. C., AND FOR VARIOUS PLACES IN THE UNITED STATES. 

The Calculations of other Eclipses are given for the principal places in 
British North America. 



TORONTO: 

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED 

BY SCOBIE & BALFOUR, 

AND SOLD BY ALL BOOKSELLERS. 

1847. 

PRICE 7id., OR S, 5PER DOZEN. 



2 


TABLE OF SEMI DIURNAL ARCS, 


Calculated for the Principal Places in British .Vbr//j. America* 




TORONTO. 


KINGSTON. 


ffALIFA-X, N.S. 


MONTREAL. 


FREDERICTON. 


QUEBEC. 




N. 43 39 .4. 


IV. 44 8 .0. 


IV.4439 .3. 


N. 45 31 


N. 46 3 . 


A". 46 49 .2. 


Decl. 
















North. 


South. 


North. 


South. 


North. 


South. 


North. 


South. 


North. 


South. 


North. 


South. 


o / 


h. m. 


h. m. 


h. m. 


h. m. 


h. m. 


h-. m. 


h. m. 


A. m. 


A. TO. 


h. m. 


A. m. 


A. m. 


1 


6 3.8 


5 56.2 


6 3.9 


5 56.1 


6 4.0 


5 56.0 


6 4.1 


5 55.9 


6 4.1 


5 55.9 


G 4.3 


5 55.7 


1 30 


6 5.7 


5 54.3 


6 5.8 


5 54.2 


6 6.0 


5 54.0 


6 6.1 


5 53.9 


6 6.1 


5 53.9 


6 6.4 


5 53.6 


3 


6 7.fi 


5 52.4 


6 7.7 


5 52.3 


6 7.9 


5 52.1 


6 8.3 


5 51.7 


6 8.3 


5 51.7 


6 8.5 


5 51.5 


9 30 


6 9.5 


5. 50.5 


6 9. .7 


5 50.3 


6 9.9 


5 50.1 


6 10.2 


5 4D.8 


6 10.4 


5, 49.6 


6 10.6 


5 49.4 


3 


6 11.5 


5 48.5 


6 11. .7 


5 48.3 


6 11.9 


5 48.1 


6 12.2 


5 47.8 


6 12.5 


5 47.5 


6 12.7 


5 47.3 


3 30 


6 13.4 


5 46.6 


6 13.6 


5 46.4 


6 13.9 


5 46.1 


G 14.3 


5 45.7 


G 14.6 


5 45.4 


6 14.9 


5 45.1 


4 


6 15.3 


5 44.7 


6 15-5 


5 44.5 


6 15.9 


5. 44.1 


G 16.3 


5 43-7 


6 16.6 


5 43.4 


G 17.1 


5 42.9 


4 30 


6 17.2 


5 42.8 


6 17 ..5 


5 42.5 


6 17. .9 5 42.1 


6 18.3 


5 41.7 


6 18.7 


5 41.3 


6 19.2 


5 40.8 


5 


6 19.1 


5 40.9 


6 19-4 


5 40.6 


G 19.95 40-1 


6 20.3 


5 39.7 


6 20.7 


5 39.3 


6 2l.3 i 5 38.7 


5 30 


6 21.0 


3 39.0 


G 21.3 


5 38-7 


G 21.85 38.2 


6 22.4 


5 37.6 


G 22.8 


5 37.2 


G 23.55 36.5 


G 


G 22.9 


5 37.1 


6 23-3 


5 36-7 


G 23.85 36.2 


6 24.4 


5 35.6 


6 24.9 


5 35.1 


6 25.65 34.4 


6 30 


6 24.8 


> 35.2 


6 25.3 


5 34-7 


6 25.8 


5 34.2 


6 26.5 


5 33.5 


6 26.9 


5 33.1 


G 27.7 5 32.3 


7 


6- 26 ..7 


5 33.3 


6 27 -2 


5 32.8 


6 27-8 


5 32.2 


6 28.5 


5 31.5 


G 29.1 


5 30.9 


G 29.85 30.2 


7 30 


G 28. G 


5 31.4 


6 29.1 


5 30-9 


G 29.8 


5 30.2 


6 30.5 


5 29.5 


G 31.1 


5 28.9 


6 31.95 281 


8 


G 30.5 


5 29.5 


G 31.1 


5 28-9 


G 31.8 


5 28.2 


6 32.6 


5 27.4 


6 33.1 


5 26.9 


6 34.1 ! 5 25.9 


8 30 


G 32.5 


5 27.5 


G 33.0 


5 27-0 


6 33-8 


5 26.2 


6 34.7 


5 25.3 


6 35.3 


5 24.7 


6 36.3 


5 23.7 


9 


6 34.8 


5 25.2 


6 35.3 


5 24-7 


6 36.2 


5 23.8 


6 37.1 


5 22.9 


6 37.9 


5 22.1 


6 38.9 


5 21.1 


9 30 


6 36.7 


5 23.3 


6 37-3 


5 22.7 


G 38.2 


5 2L8 


6 39.3 


5 20-7 


6 40.0 


5 20.0 


6 41.1 


5 18.9 


10 


6 38.7 


5 21.3 


6 39-4 


5 20-6 


G 40.3 


5 19.7 


6 41.4 


5 18.G 


6 42-2 


5 17.6 


G 43.3 


5 16.7 


10 30 


G 40.7 


"> 19-3 


6 41-4 


5 18-6 


6 42.5 


5 17.5 


G 43.5 


5 16.5 


6 44.2 


5 15.8 


G 45.6 


5 14.4 


11 


6 42.7 


5 17-3 


6 43-5 


5 1G-5 


6 44.5 


5 15-5 


6 45.7 


5 14.3 


6 46.5 


5 13.5 


6 47.8 


5 12.2 


U 30 


6 44.8 


5 15-2 


6 45-5 


5 14-5 


6 46.6 


5 13.4 


6 47.8 


5 12.2 


6 48.7 


5 11.3 


G 50.1 


5 9.9 


12 


6 4G.8 


5 13.2 


6 47-6 


5 12-4 


6 48.2 


5 11.8 


6 50.0 


5 10.0 


G 50.9 


5 9. l 


U 52.4 


5 7.6 


12 30 


G 48.9 


5 11.1 


6 49-7 


5 10-3 


G 50.8 


5 9.2 


6 52.1 


5 7.9 


6 53.1 


5 6.9 


6 54.6 


5 5.4 


13 


G 51.0 


5 9-0 


6 51 -8 


5 8-2 


6 53-0 


5 7.0 


G 54.4 


5 5.6 


G 55.4 


5 4.6 


6 56.3 


5 3.7 


13 30 


G 53.0 


5 7-0 


6 53.9 


5, 6-1 


6 55-2 


5 4.8 


6 5G.G 


5 3.4 


6 57.7 


5 2.3 


G 59.25 0.8 


14 


6 55.1 


5 4-9 


6 56.0 


5 4 


6 57.4 


5 2.6 


6 58.8 


5 1.2 


6 59.9 


5 0.1 


7 1.6 


4 58.4 


14 30 


G 57.3 


5 2-7 


G 58-1 5 1-9 


G 59-5 


5 0.5 


7 1.1 


4 58.9 


7 02.2 


4 57.b 


7 4.0 


4 56.0 


15 


6 59-2 


5 0.8 


7 00.2 


4 59-8 


7 1.7 


4 58-3 


7 3.2 


4 56.8 


7 04.5 


4 55.5 


7 6.3 


1 

4 53.7 


15 30 


7 1.4 


4 58- G 


7 2.5 


4 57-5 


7 4-0 


4 56.0 


7 5.6 


4 54.4 


7 6.9 


4 53.1 


7 8.7 


4 51.3 


16 


7 3-0 


4 56-4 


7 4.7 


4 55-3 


7 6.2 


4 53.8 


7 7.9 


4 52.1 


7 9.2 


4 50.8 


7 11.4 


4 48.6 


16 30 


7 5-7 


4 54.3 


7 C.8 


4 53-2 


7 8.4 


4 5l.f 


7 10.4 


4 49.6 


7 11.7 


4 48.3 


7 13.6 


4 46.4 


17 


7 8-0 


4 5-2.0 


7 9-0 


4 51-0 


7 10.7 


4 49-3 


7 12.6 


4 47-4 


7 14.1 


4 45.9 


7 16.0 


4 44.0) 


17 30 


7 10-0 


4 50-0 


7 11.2 


4 48-8 


7 12.9 


4 47..] 


7 14,9 


4 45.1 


7 16.3 


4 43.7 


7 18.6 


4 41.4 


18 


7 12.3 


4 47-7 


7 13-5 


4 4G-5 


7 15.4 


4 44,( 


7 17.3 


4 42.7 


7 18.7 


4 41.3 


7 21.0 


4 39.0 


18 20 


7 13-6 


4 46. .4 


7 15.0 


4 45-0 


7 16.9 


4 43.1 


7 18.9 


4 41.1 


7 20.4 


4 39.C 


7 22-6 


4 37.4 


18 40 


7 15-2 


4 44.8 


7 16. G 


4 43-4 


7 18.4 


4 41. f 


7 20.4 


4 39.6 


7 22.0 


4 38.0 


7 24.4 


4 35.6 


in o 


7 1C. 7 


1 43.3 


7 18.1 


4 41-9 


7 20.1 


4 39.9 


7 22.0 


4 38.0 


7 23.7 


4 36.3 


7 26.1 


4 33.91 


19 20 


7 18.2 


4 41.8 


7 19.5 


4 40-5 


7 21-6 


4 38.4 


7 23.6 


4 36.4 


7 25.5 


4 34.5 


7 27.6 


4 32.2, 


19 40 


7 19.7 


4 40.3 


7 21.3 


4 38-7 


7 23.2 


4 3G.8 


7 25.3 


4- 34.7 


7 27.2 


4 32.,- 


7 29.4 


4 30.6 


20 


7 21.2 


I 38.8 


7 22-6 


4 37-4 


7 24-8 


4 35.2 


7 26.9 


4 33.1 


7 28.5 


4 31.5 


7 31.3 


4 28.7/ 


20 20 


7 22-8 


4 37.2 


7 24-2 


4 35-8 


7 26.5 


4 33.5 


7 28.5 


4 3L.5 


7 30.4 


4 29.6 


7 33.0 


4 27.0 


20 40 


7 24-4 


i 35.(, 


7 25-8 


4 34-5. 


7 27-9 


4 32.1 


7 30.4 


4 29.67 32.1 


4 27.9 


7 34.8 


4 25.2 


21 


7 2fi.( 


I 34.0 


7 27.5 


4 32-5 


7 29.7 


4 30.3 


7 32.1 


4 27.917 34.0 


4 26.0 


7 36.6 


4 23.4 


k-21 20 


7 27-5 


4 32.5 


7 29-0 


4 31 -C 


7 31.3 


4 28.7 


7 33.7 


4 26.3 


7 35.5 


4 24.5 


7 38.3 


4 21.7 


21 40 


7 2D.3 


1 30.7 


7 30.9 


4 29-1 


7 33-34 20.7 


7 35.7 


4 24.3 


7 37.fi 


4 22.4 


7 40.4 


4 19.6 


l-l 


7 30.7 


4 29.3 


7 32.3 


4 27-7 


7 34-74 25.3 


7 37.2 


4 22.6 


7 39.1 


4 20.9 


7 41.74 18.3 


2<2 207 32. 


4 27.7 


7 34.0 


4 26-1 


7 36.44 23.6 


7 38.9 


4 21.1 


7 40.9 


4 19.1 


7 43.84 16.2 


2240 


7 33. r 


1 2G.1 


7 35.6 


4 24-4 


7 38-1 


4 21--9 


7 40.7 


4 19.3 


7 42.2 


4 I7.e 


7 45.24 14.8 


2 .0 


7 35. ( 


4 24.4 


7 37.3 


4 22-7 


7 39.8 


4 20.27 42.4 


4 17.6 


7 4-1.5 


4 15.5 


7 47.6 


4 12.4 


23 2( 


1 37. 


I 22.6 


7 39. C 


4 21-0 


7 41.5 


4 18.5,7 44.2 


4 15.8 


7 46.3 


4 13.7 


7 49.4 


4 10.6 


23 41 


7 38. f 


I 21.1 


7 40.7 


4 19-3 


7 43.2 


4 16.8 7 4.6.0 


4 ll.( 


7 48.1 


4 11.9 


7 51.4 


4 8.6 


21 I 


7 40.4 


4 19. C 


7 42.2 


4 17-7 


7 44. D 


4 15.17 47.8 


4 12.2 


7 50.0 


4 10.0 


7 53.4 


4 6.6 



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GrmtHiam \\. Una 
S.Via<,nra 15 Wainfltet 



MAP OF 1TPPER CANADA 



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1 6aintborti il WMoaghtr 



STOB1E& It A I, HM II, 

Toronto 







i i I j - . , V i UJ=j 



// u i.n,,i . : i . 

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ttrROS TRACT 



CANADA COMPANY 



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Dec 



1 

1 3 
2 

2 3 
3 

3 3 
4 

4 3 
5 

5 3 
C 

6 3 
7 

7 3 
8 

8 3 
9 

9 3 
10 

3 
1 

1 3 
2 

2 3 
3 

3 3 
4 

4 3 
5 

5 3 
6 

6 3 
7 

7 3 
8 

8 2 

8 4 
9 

9 2 

19 4 
20 
10 2 

20 4 
21 
>1 S 

21 4 

23 

oo <; 

224 
"2 

23 1 
23 < 
84 



THE 



CANADIAN ALMANAC. 



CALENDAR FOR 1848. 



EPOCHS. 



Mundane yra 5841 

Christian ^Era 1848 

Jewish yra, 5609 commences Sept. 28. 



Year of Her Majesty s Reign, 11 commences 

June 20 
Mahommedan ^Era, 1265 commences Nov. 27. 



CHRONOLOGICAL. CYCLES. 



Dominical Letter B. A. 

Golden Number 6 

Epact 25 



Solar Cycle 9 

Roman Indiction 6 

Julian Period 6561 



MOVEABLE FEASTS. 

Easter Sunday April 23 | Whitsunday June 1 1 

R&gation Sunday May 28 Trinity Sunday June 18 

Ascension Day June 1 Advent Sunday Dee. 3 

ECLIPSES. 

In the year 1848, there will be four Eclipses of the Sron, two of the Moon, and a Transit of 
Mercury : 

I. A partial Eclipse of the Sun, March 5, 1848, visible throughout British North America, and 
the north-eastern parts ol the United States, as follows : 

At TORONTO, Upper Canada, in latitude 43 33 north, and longitude 79 20 west from 
Greenwich: 

h. m. s. 

Beginning of the Eclipse, 7 9 8 morn 

Greatest Obscuration 7 26 54 " ! Toronto 

End of the Eclipse 7 44 rG f Clock Time. 

Duration of the Eclipse ,. 03548 " J 

Point first touched, 11 9 from Sun s vertex to the left. 
Point last touched, 41 52 from Sun s vertex to the left. 
Digits eclipsed, 27 on the Sun s north limb. 

At MONTREAL, Lower Canada, in. latitude 45 31 north, and longitude 73 a 35 west from: 
Greenwich : 

h. in. s. 

Beginning of the Eclipse , . 7 32 49 morn. > 

Greatest Obscuration 75547 " Montreal 

End of the Eclipse, 81914 " f Clock Time. 

Duration of the Eclipse 46 25 " J 

Point first touched, 3 11 from Sun s vertex to the left. 
Point last touched, 40 52 from Sun s vertex to the left. 
Digits eclipsed, 43 on Sun s north limb. 



At QUEBEC, Lower Canada, in latitude 46 49 12" north, and longitude 71 16 west from 
Greenwich : 

h. m. x. 

Beginning of the Eclipse 7 43 1 morn. ") 

Greatest Obscuration 8 8 30 " 1 Quebec 

End of the Eclipse 83442 f Clock Time. 

Duration of the Eclipse 05141 " J 

Point .first touched, 1 27 from Sun s vertex to the right. 
Point fast touched, 40 5 from Sun s vertex to the left. 
Digits eclipsed, 52 on Sun s north limb. 

At FREDERICTON, New Brunswick, in latitude 46 3 north, and longitude 66 45 west from 
Greenwich : 

h. m. s. 

Beginning of the Eclipse 8 5 11 morn. ") 

Greatest Obscuration 82811 " I Fredericton 

End of the Eclipse 85135 f Clock Time. 

Duration of the Eclipse 04624 " J 

Point first touched, 7 from Sun s vertex to the left. 
Point last touched, 33 26 from Sun s vertex to the left.j 
Digits eclipsed, 40 on Sun s north limb. 

At ST. JOHN^S, New Brunswick, in latitude 45 15 north, and longitude 66 & 15" west from 
Greenwich : 

h. m. s. 

Beginning of the Eclipse 8 9 10 morn. } 

Greatest Obscuration .. 82949 I St. John s 

End of the Eclipse ,. 85050 " [Clock Time. 

Duration of the Eclipse 04140 " J 

Point first touched, 2 39 from Sun s vertex to the left. 
Point last touched, 33 57 from Sim s vertex to the left. 
Digits eclipsed, 32 on Sun s north limb. 

At HALIFAX, Nova Scotia, in latitude 44 39 20" north, and longitude 63 36 40" westfrona 
.Greenwich : 

h. m. s. 

Beginning of the Eclipse 8 23 10 morn. ~| 

Greatest Obscuration 84040 " Halifax 

End of the Eclipse 85818 [Clock Time. 

Duration of the Eclipse . ... 035 8 " J 

Point first touched, 4 42 from Sun s vertex to the left. 
Point last touched, 30 12 from Sun s vertex to the left. 
Digits eclipsed, 21 on Sun -s norbh limb. 

The following times of the Phases of the Eclipse, which are given lor the clock or mean time 
of their respective places, are only approximate, and may be in error two or thre> 
minutes: 

BEGINNING. MIDDLE. EXD. 

h. m. h. m. h. m. 

Kingston, Upper Canada. 7 20 morn. 7 40 morn. 8 morn. 

Chicago, Illinois 640 " 650 " 659 

Detroit, Michigan b 56 7 9 " 

Buffalo, New York 712 " 7 28 " 

Rochester. New York 716 " 733 " 750 

Calais, Maine 83" 8 25 

Eastpert, Maine 85" 6 25 

IF. Eclipse of the Moon, total .at Greenwich, March 15, 1848. The Moon rises in Canad 
eclipsed, and the Eclipse waU be .over eoon -after. 

III. A partinl Eclipse of the Sun, April 3, 1848, invisible in North America. This Eclipse i 
confi..<?d to the Southern Ocean. 

IV. A Partial Eclipse of the Sun, August 28 ; also confined to the Southern Ocean. 



. Total Eclipse of the Moon, visible throughout British North America, September 12 :- 



PLACESV 



Toronto . . . 

ingston. . . 
VTontreal. . . 
Quebec .... 

redericton 



Halifax, N.S 

t. John s, Newfoundland 



Eclipse Begins. 



Sept. 12. 

h. m. s. 

11 ]3 9p.M 

11 3 1 

10 50 8 

10 41 6 

10 23 5 

10 10 9 

9 27 3 



Middle of Eclipse. 



Sept. 13. 
h. m. s. 

1 1 6A.M. 

50 8 

48 5 

29 3 

11 2 
Sept. 12. 
11 58 6 P.M. 
11 15 



Eclipse Ends. 



Sept. 13. 
h. m. s. 

4 49 

4 38 

4 26 

4 17 

3 58 



3A.M 

5 
5 

9 



3 46 3 
327 



Mean time of the respective places. 



VI. A partial Eclipse of the Sun, September 26, 1848, invisible in British North America. 
This Eclipse is confined to the north of Europe and Sibeiia. 

VII. A Transit of Mercury, November 9. The Ingress will be visible from the greater portions 
of Europe and Asia, and the whole of Africa and South America. The Egress Irom the 
western extremity of Europe, the greater part of Africa and North America, and the whole 
of South. Amerka. The following will be the times of Egress at the respective places 
named z 

EGRESS^ 



PLACES. h. 

Toronto 11 

Kingston 11 

Montreal , 11 

Quebec -. 11 

Fredericton 11 

Halifax 12 

St. John s Newfoundland - 12 



m. s. 

10 49 A.MV 
20 19 
32 37 

53 

55 

26 P.M. 

52 



41 
59 
12 
55 



TABLE 

SHEWING the Illuminated Portion cf the Discs of Venus and Mars. 

The numbers given in this table represent the sizes of the illuminated portion of the Discs 
the apparent diameters of the planets being considered at unity. 



1848. 



Venus. 



Mars. 



1848. 



Venus. 



Mars. 



January . 
February. 
March . . . 
April 

May 

June . . . 



,15.. 

.14.. 

.15.. 

.15.. 

.15. 

.15.. 



0.647 
0.750 
0.831 
898 
0.949 
0.984 







0.890 
0.891 
0.901 
0.919 
0.939 
0..9.59 



July 

August . . , 
September. 
October . . . 
November., 
December , 



...15. 
...15. 
...15. 
...15. 
...15. 
..15. 



0.999 
0.994 
0.967 
0.926 
0.803 
0.800 



0.975 

0.989 

0.997 

1.000 

.997 

.989 



SATURN S RING. 

Saturn s Ring will not be visible from the 22nd of April to the 3rd of September : it ceases tc 
be visible again on the 12th of September, and continues invisible for the rest of the year. 

BEGINNING AND LENGTH OF THE SEASONS. 



d. h. m. 

Sun enters Capricorn V5>( Winter begins), 1847, December 21 16 48 
Sun enters Aries ^(Spring " ), 1848, March 1918 2 



Sun enters Cancer 25(Summer " 
Sun enters Libra ^(Autumn " 
Sun enters Capricorn 



), 1848, June 20 14 58 

), 1848, September 22 5 2 
), 1848, December 20 22 43 



Mean Time 

of 
Toronto. 



6 

d. h. m. 

Sun in the Winter Signs 88 1 14 

Sun in the Spring " 92 20 56 

Sun in the Summer " 93 14 55 

Sun in the Autumn " 891741 

Sun north of Equator, Spring and Summer 186 11 51 

Sun south of Equator, Winter and Autumn 177 18 55 

THE COMET OF 1264 AND 1556. 

It is expected that the Comet of 1556, which caused such universal terror in Europe, will 
revisit the Sun towards the close of 1848, or in the beginning of 1849; but from the liability of 
:hese bodies to deflection from their course, by the attraction of the more remote members of 
the solar system, neither the place nor period of its re-appearance can be predicted with certainty. 
The constellation Corvus has been pois.ted out as a piobable direction. 

EXPLANATION OF THE ARTICLES IN THE CALENDAR. 

THE DAY OF THE YEAR, reckoned from the first of January, is useful for ascertaining the 
nterval in days between two given dates. 

SUN RISING AND SETTING. The mean time of Sun setting is given for Toronto and Montreal, 
r or every day. If the time of Sun rising is wanted for either of those places, subtract the mean 
ime of apparent noon from the mean time of setting, and subtract the difference from the mean 
ime of apparent noon, for the time of rising. 

Example. Required the time of Sun rise at Montreal, on the 1st January : 

h. m. 

Sun sets at 4 21 P.M. 

Mean Time of Apparent Noon 12 4 

Difference 4 17 

Sun Rises S 747A.M. 

The mean time of Sun rising and settirg for every tenth day, is given for Quebec, Halifax, 
md Fredericton. If the time is wanted for any intermediate day, enter the table oi Semi-diurnal 
Arcs (Page 2), with the Sun s declination for that day, the value given, subtracted from, or 
added to, the mean time of apparent noon, will give the hour of rising or setting. 

APPARENT NOON, SHEWING THE EQUATION OF TIME. This column contains the hour 
which should be shewn by a clock or watch at Toronto, when a Sun-dial marks twelve o clock. 
.ts error at any other place in the British Provinces will rarely amount to one second. The 
PIqualion ot Time is the difference in time between the real plare of the Sun, and its supposed or 
mean place. The actual interval between the successive arrivals of !he Sun on the meridian, 01 
he length of successive solur days, is variable, owing to the different rapidity of the motion of 
he earth in different parts of its orbit, and to the difference in the inclination of the successive 
tarts of the ecliptic to the equator. But, as time-keepers cannot be made to measure an interval 
which varies every day, a clock or watch is made to mark twenty-four hours in the average of 
all the days. In other words, it is made to keep pace with an imaginary or mean Sun, having 
a motion exactly equal to the average motion of the real or apparent Sun. Hence, when it is 
welve o clock by the real Sun, it may be before or after twelve by the mean Sun. The true 
Sun and the mean or imaginary Sun coincide four times in each year, viz., about the 15th oi 
March, the 15th of June, the 1st of September, and the 24th of December. The difference 
between them, or the Equation of Time, is never more than sixteen minutes. A Sun-dial gives 
apparent time, and the equation of time must be applied before setting a watch by it. 

THE SUN S DECLINATION is given for mean noon at Toronto, for everyday: the difference 
for mean noon for any other place in the British Provinces, will rarely amount to one minute. 

THE MOON S AGE is given for mean noon at Toronto. 

THE MOON S RISING OR SETTING is given for every day at Montreal arid Toronto : the time 
of rising being given when she sets during daylight; and the time of setting, when she rises 
during daylight. The tkne given for Montreal will never be more than four minutes in erroi 
for Halifax, three minutes in error for Fredericton, and five minutes in error for Quebec ; and it 
is, therefore, near enough for ordinary reference at those places. 

THE MOON S DECLINATION, when on the meridian at Toronto, is given for every day. 

TWILIGHT begins in the morning, when the Sun is about eighteen degrees below the horizon, 
and ends in the evening, when it is eighteen degrees beyond it. The mean time of beginning 
and ending is given for every tenth day. 



THE PLANETS. The hour of meridian passage, right ascension arid declination of each of the 
Planets, is given for the 1st and 15th of each month, (m signifies morning.) 

THE POLE STAR. The time when the Pole Star is on the meridian, is given for the loth of 
oach month, being the hour when it is due north. U. signifies Upper Culmination L. signifies 
Lower Cul.-nination. The greatest elongation of the Pole Star from the meridian, varies with 
the latitude of the place : it is about 2 4 at Toronto, 2 8 .5 at Montreal, increasing at the rate 
of about 1 .5 for every degree of latitude between 40 and 50. To find the hour when it is on 
the meridian on any other date, multiply 3m. 56.5s. by the interval in days, add the product, 
if for a date before the 15th ; subtract it, if for a date after the 15th. 

ECLIPSES OF JUPITER S SATELLITES, visible in Canada, are given. A telescope with a 
magnifying power of forty, is sufficient for observing these phenomena. 

SEMI-DIURNAL ARCS. This table is useful for determining the times of rising and setting of 
the heavenly bodies. Enter the table with the declination of the object: under the proper 
column for the locality will be found half the time which the object remains above the horizon, 
which is to be subtracted from the time of its meridian passage, if the time of rising is required, 
or added, for the time of setting. 

Example. Required the time of rising for the Planet Jupiter, at Montreal, July 1, 1848. 
Declination ef Jupiter, 21 N. 

h. m. 

Corresponding to which we find the semi-diurnal arc -7 32 

Jupiter on meridian . . . . 34 

Jupiter rises 5 2m 

METEOROLOGICAL. On the first page of each month is given the mean temperature for 
Upper and Lower Canada; to which is added the mean temperature of the South of England 
for comparison of climate. The mean temperature of Toronto is derived from the records o! 
Her Majesty s Magnetical Observatory, lor the six years, 1841-46, by permission of the 
Director, and is the mean for the twenty-four hours. The mean temperature for Nicolet, on 
Lake St. Peter s, in Lower Canada, is derived from the register of the Rev. Francois Desauniers 
for nine years, 1838-1846, published in the British American Journal of Medical, and P/n/sica 
Science, vol. iii. Nicolet is situated in latitude 64 14 , longitude 72 19 , and may be considered 
a middle point in Lower Canada ; but the mean results are derived from observations at 6, A.M. 
and 3, P.M., only; and are, therefore, above the mean of the twenty-four hours. About 07 
(should be subtracted from each on this account. The mean temperatures for the South c 
England, are from observations by Sir T. Harris, at Plymouth, for five years, 1833-37 ; and ai 
the means of the twenty four hours the highest and lowest are, however, from another source 
and are only approximate. We would gladly extend the interest of this table by adding lh< 
temperatures for Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and the Island of Newfoundland, if in possessior 
of authentic materials. 

VARIATION OF THE COMPASS. 

FROM THE RECORDS OF THE MAGNETICAL OBSERVATORY, 

The mean variation at Toronto, for the year 1846, was 1 30 west: it increases about 
every year. The variation undergoes a daily change, being least from 7 to 8. A.M., and greates 
from 1 to 2, P.M. The difference between these values, in the several months, is as follows: 

t 

January 7.2 

February 6.9 

March 10.1 

April 11.2 

May 12.8 

June 13 6 

July 13 2 

August 14.3 

September 11.4 

October 7.6 

November 66 

December 5.9 

The variation is least liable to fluctuations in the afternoon: it is near its mean value at 10 
A.M., and 6 to 7, P.M. 



8] 



JANUARY HAS THIRTY-GIVE DAYS. 



[1848 



JANUARY. 

The ice-bonnd stream, the cutting gale, 
The crunching snow, and driving hail, 

Attest old Winter s sway : 
But still the sleigh-bells merry noise, 
Proclaims that Winter has its joys, 

To sweep dull care away ; 
Whilst Canada may boast a sky 
As blue and clear as Beauty s eye. 



This is the first Month of the year; its Zodaical sign is AQTJARIT/S, or the Water-bearer- 
it derives its name from Janus, a Deity represented by Ibe Romans with two faces, because he 
was acquainted with past and future events. 



METEOROLOGICAL. TABLE FOR JANUARY. 



Mean Temperature. . . . 

Mean Highest 

Mean Lowest.. .. 



UPPER 
CANADA. 



Toronto. 



5.9 

47.0 

1.9 



LOWER 
CANADA. 



Nicolet. 



o 

13.3 

18.4 



South 
of 

England. 



44.6 

52 

11 



Average coldest day at Nicolet 
is Jan. 27 ; mean tern., 6, a.m. 
and 3., p. m., 20. 



Day 

of 

MOD 



1 

2 

3 

4 

5 

6 

7 

8 

9 

10 

11 

12 

13 

14 

15 

16 

17 

18 

19 

20 

21 

22 

23 

24 

25 

26 

27 

28 

29 

30 

31 



Day of 
Week. 



Sat. 
Sun. 

Mon. 

Tues. 

Wed. 

Thur. 

Frid. 

Sat. 

Sun. 

Mon. 

Tues. 

Wed. 

Thur. 

Frid. 

Sat. 

Sim. 

Mon. 
Tues. 
Wed. 
Thur. 
Frid. 
Sat. 

Sun. 

Mon. 

Tues. 

Wed. 

Thnr. 

Frid. 

Sat. 

Sun. 

Mon. 



REMARKABLE DAYS, 



CIRCUMCISION 

2nd Sunday after Christmas 

Battle of Princeton. 1777 

Quarter Sess and District Court com. 

Duke of York died 1827 

Epiphany, twelfth day 

Battle of New Orleans, 1815 

Galileo died 1642 

1st Sunday after Epiphany 

Chancery Court commences sittings 

Sir Hans Sloane died 1753 

Sir C Bagpt, Governor-Gen l, 1842 

Halley died 1801 

Alexandrian Library burnt 640 

General Wolfe born 1726 

2nd Sunday after Epiphany 

Franklin born 1706 

Ciudad Rodiigo stormed 1812 

James Watt born 1736 

U S Independence acknowledged 1783 

Lous XVI guillotined 1793 

Chancery Court closes 

3rd Sunday after Epiphany 

Frederick the Great born 1712 

Sir F B Head, Lieut Governor, 1836 

Dr Jenner died 1823 

Mozart born 1756 

Gibbon died 1794 

George III. died 1820 

4/A Sunday after Epiphany 

Earl of Elgin, Governor-Gen l 1847 



MEMORANDA. 



1848.] 


JANUARY BEGINS ON 


SATURDAY. 


19 












THE 
PLANETS 


i 

1st OF JANUARY. 


15th OF JANTJAHT. 


MOON S PHASES. 


























d. A. m. 


Meridian. 


Ktgui 
Ascen 


Decl. 


Meridian. 


Right 
Ascen- 


Dec). 


@ New Moon. 5 18 50 T. M. T. 






sion. 












sion. 






> First Qr 


...12 1.8 29 








h. m. 


ftt 


m. 




o / 


h. m. 




A. 771. 


o / 


O Full Moon. 19 18 47 


y Merc. 


. A Moi n 


ing- S 






10 57m 


17 43 


S23 36 


d LastQr. 
[ Perigee. 


...27 18 41 
..12 9 semi-diam 


fc Venus 

.Mars . 


A Morn 

7- 30 


ing S 
2 13 


Ear. 
#14 4( 


9 Om 
i 6 54 


16 36 
2 32 


S19 26 
#16 34 


d Apogee. 


16 7".4 
. . .26 15 semi-diam 


Xpupit i 
J? Saturn 


26 rn 
4 


7 
22 


10 
43 


#22 3i 
SlO ( 


)11 24 
5 3 11 


7 2 
22 48 


#22 54 
S 9 36 








14 15".9 


rjfUra 


n 


6 12 





54 


N 


5 < 


1 5 17 




54 


#59 












Neptune 






































Pole Star on 


Meridian, 


P.M., 5A. 26?n. 


42s. U. 








QUEBEC. 


HALIFAX, N.S. 


FREDERICTON, 


N. 


B. 




Sun. 


Twilight. 


Sun. 


Twilight. 


Sun. 


Twilight. 




*- 

CO 


Rises. 


Sets. 


Begins. 


Ends. 


Rises. 


Sete. 


Brains. 


Ends. 


Rises. 


Sets. 


Begins 


Ends. 


ft 








A.M. 


P.M. 






AM. 


P.M. 




A. 


M. 


P.M. 




h. m. 


h. m. 


A. m. 


A. m. 


A. m. 


A. 7ft. 


A. m. 


tl. m. 


h. m. 


h. 771 




h. 


m. 


A 


. m. 


1 


1 51 


4 16 


5 55 


6 12 


7 43 


4 24 


5 52 


6 16 


7 48 


4 19 




5 


54 


6 


13 


10 


7 49 


4 26 


5 55 


6 21 


7 40 


4 35 


5 25 


6 24 


7 45 


4 30 




5 


54 


6 


22 


20 


7 43 


4 39 


5 50 


6 31 


7 36 


4 45 


5 48 


6 34 


7 40 


4 41 




5 


50 


6 


32 


30 


7 33 


4 54 


5 43 


6 44 


7 28 


4 59 


5 41 


6 46 


7 31 


4 56 


5 


43 


6 


44 


Day. 


Sun Sets. 


App. Noon, 


Sun s 


Moon s 


Moon s 


Moon RisfSorSets. 


TWILIGHT. 










shewing Declinat n 


Age 


Di clina- 
























Week. 




To 


Mon 


the Eq 


. OI 


South. 


at 


tion. 




















Montreal. 


Y r. 


ronto. 


treal. 


Time. 




Noon. 






Toronto. 


Montreal 


Toronto. 




























Rises. 


Rises. 


OJ 

cc 










End? 


Hegins. 








D. 


k. 


m. 


h.m. 


A. m. 


S. 


o / 


D. 




/ 




h. m. 


h. m. 


ft 


Begins 


Ends. 


8. 


1 


1 


1 


28 


4 21 


12 3 


42 


23 2.4 24 


.8 


15 18s 


2 50m 


2 53m 






















S. 2 


2 


i 


29 4 22 


12 4 


11 


22 57.3 25 


-8 17 12 


3 48 


3 52 


1 


5 50 


i 


17 


5 


53 


<} 14 


M. 


;; 


3 


i 


304 23 


12, 4 


3922 51.8 26 


8118 17 


4 44 


4 50 


10 


5 50 


i 


25 


5 


52 


6 24 


T. 


i 


4 


I 


31 4 24 


12 5 


0622 45.9 27 


.8 18 22 


5 42 


5 - 47 


20 


5 47 


i 


35 


5 


49 


6 33 


W. 


r , 


5 


1 


32 


4 25 


12 5 


3422 39.4 28 


.8 






6 36 


6 40 


30 


5 41 


i 


46 


5 


4116 45 


Th. 


(.! 


6 


1 


S3 


4 26 


12 6 


01 


22 32.6 





.0 


17 22 


Sets. 


Sets. 


.1 


uniler will Lie 


in the constel- 


F. 


~ 


7 


1 


31 


4 27 


12 6 


2722 25.2 


1 


.2 


lo 19 


6 10 a 


6 


6 a 


iition Gemini, to the south of 


S. 


s 


8 


1 


35 


4 28ll2 6 


53 


22 17.5 


2 


2 


12 17 


7 18 


7 15 


Castor :ind 


Pollux ; Orion will 


S. 9 
M. 1:0 


9:4 
10i4 


36 
37 


4 29 12 7 
4 30 12 7 


18 
43 


22 9. .3 
22 0.4 


3 
4 


-2 
2 


8 31 
4 13 


8 25 
9 35 


8 24 
9 35 


>e on the meridian nbout 10, p. 
M,, on the 15th; ihe Pleiades and 

.Mi li-hiiriin to the west ; Castor 


T. 11 


11 


1 


38 


I 31 12 8 


07 


21 51. G 


5 


2 


22 


10 41 


10 42 


und 


Pollux, 


rind 


Procvon, the 


fF.12 


12 


1 


40 


4 33 12 8 


31 


21 42.1 


6 


2 


4 55 


11 53 


11 54 


hright star 


in Can is 


Minor, to 


Th.\ 


: 


13 


1 


41 


4 34 


12 8 


54 


21 32.3 -7 


2 


9 1 


1 












i o east. The 
at the corner 


two northern stars 
3 ( Orion are ihe 


F. 14 


144 


42 


4 35 


12 9 


15 


21 21.9 8 


2 


12 54 


1 


Olm 


1 04m 


shoulders of 


the figure 


; the 


5. 15 


J5l4 


43 


4 37 12 9 


38 


21 11.2 9 


9 


15 48 


2 09 


2 12 


northernmost is 


BeUlgtiese a 


S. 16 
M. 17 


16 
17 


( 

1 


44 
45 


4 38 
4 39 


12 9 
12 10 


59 
19 


21 0.1 

20 48.5 


11 


. ) 


17 41 
18 24 


3 17 

4 19 


3 21 
4 24 


i himns ; Ihe 
wo southern 
.s Uinel. 


brightest, of the 
siars, in Ihe fttt, 


T. 18 


18 


} 


47 


4 41 


12 10 


39 


20 36.6 12-2 


17 57 


5 17 


5 21- 




^W^J-^^SV 






w^. 






W.W 

Th.20 


19 
20 


1 
1 


48 
49 


4 42 
4 43 


12 10 
12 11 


57 
15 


20 24.3 
20 11.7 


13-216 26 
14-213 59 


6 09 
Rises. 


6 14 
Rises. 


Eclipsss of 


Jupi: 


er s 


Satellites, 


F. 21 


21 


1 


51 


4. 45 12 11 


33 


19 58.5 


15-2 


10 52 


6 48 a 


6 44 a 


M. T. Greenw. 


Toronto. 


S. 22 


224 


52 


4 46 


12 11 


49 


19 45.1 


16-2 


7 18 


7 49 


7 47 


d. h. m. s. 


ft. 


7)1. 


S.23 


234 


53 


4 47 


12 12 


05 


19 31.2 


17-2 3 28 


8 48 


8 47 


[. 


4ih 15 


23 35.7 


10 


6im 


M. 24 


24 


1 


54 


4 48 


12 12 


20 


19 17.0 


18-2 26s 


9 46 


9 46 




13 13 


5953.3 


843em 


T. 25 


25)4 


56 


4 50 


12 12 


3419 02.5 


19-2 4 15 


10 43 


10 44 




20 15 


5121.0 


1037em 


W.26 


2G 


1 


57 


4 52 


12 12 


48 


18 47.6 


20 2 7 53 11 40 


11 42 


27 17 48 5 7. 5 


1232em 


Th.27 


27 


1 


58 


4 53 


12 13 


00 


18 32.4 


21 


211 10 






29 12 1740.9 


7 


lem 


F. 28 


284 


59 


4 54 


12 13 


12 


18 16.8 


22-2 14 01 


37m 


40m 


II. 8 13 


631.3 


749em 


S. 29 


295 





4 55 


12 13 


23 


18 00.9 


23-216 15 




1 25 


1 


29 


15 15 -1323.6 


1026em 


S. 30 


30 


5 


3 


4 58 


12 13, 33 


17 45.0 


24-217 44 


2 31 


2 


25 


22 18 201 


LK 


13 


3em 


M. 31 


31 


5 


4 


4 59 


12 13 


43 


17 28.2 25-2 


18 19 


3 27 


3 


32 


rn. 3 is 


5 28.8 


748im 


















1 


















IV. 28 1259 7.3 


742em 



10] FEBRUARY HAS TWENTY-NINE DAYS. [1848. 


FEBRUARY. 


And now the glittering bay invites 


Indulgence in "the keen delights 


Of Winter s healthful games-: 


Hie rapid skater plies his skill; 


The^ " Curling list " begins to fill 


With well remembered names. 


The money-lender loves to praise 




Ihe month that has 


the fewest days. 


X This month ha* PISCES, or the Fishes, for its Zodiacal sign : Its name is from the Februa 
or Sacrifices offered to the manes of the gods at this season. 


METEOROLOGICAL TABLE FOR FEBRUARY. 




UPPER LOWER 


Qrm th 




CANADA. CANADA. 


ov TO 






of 




Toronto. Nicolet. 


England. 







o 


Mean Temperature. . . . 


23.7 13.3 


44 8 Average coldest <lay at Toronto, 


Mean Highest 


45.3 


r 9 is Feb. llth; mean tern, of the 


Mean Lowest 


4.7 17 1 


,7 24th, 4 6 . 




0. 1 . 1 


| 


Day 

of 
Mon 


Day of 
week. 


REMARKABLE DAYS, &c. 


MEMORANDA. 


1 


Tucs. 


Rattle of Biienne, 1814. 




2 


Wed. 


Candlemas. 




3 


Thur. 


Spanish Inquisition abolished, 1813. 




4 


Frid. 


Older of St Patiick instituted, 1783. 




5 


Sat. 


Sir R. Peel, born, 1 7<S.S. 




(j 


Still. 


Jth Sunday after Epiphany. 




7 


Mon. 


Hilary Term begins. 




8 


Tues. 


District Councils meet. 




9 


Wed. 


Canada ceded to Great Britain, 1763. 




10 


Thur. 


Queen Victoiia mariied, 1840. 




11 


Frid. 


Loid Sydenham, Gov. Gen., 1840. 




12 


Sat. 


Lady Jane Giey beheaded, 1554. 




13 


Sun. 


6th Sunday after Epiphany. 




14 


Mon. 


Valentine St. 




15 


Tues. 


Kieschi guillotined, 1836. 




16 


Wed. 


Melancthon, born, 1497. 




17 


Thur. [Partition 


of Poland. 1772. 






18 


Fiid. Canada settled by the Freuch, 1534. 




19 


Sat. 


Hilary Term ends. 




20 


Sun 


Septuagesima. 




21 


Mon. 


) 2 Resolutions passed, 1834. 




22 


Tues. 


Washington, born, 1732. 




23 


Wed. 


Sir J. Reynolds, died, 1792. 




24 


Thur. 


Handel, born, 1684. 




25 


Frid. 


Sir C. Wren, died. 




26 


Sat. 


J. P. Kemble, died, 1822. 




27 


Sun. 


Snxagcn/na. 




28 


Mon. 


Montaigne, born, 1533. 




29 


Tues. 


Intercalated Day, being Leap Year. 








1848.] 


FEBRUARY BEGIXS ON TUESDAY. 


[ii 










1 




1st OF FEBRUARY. 


15th OF 


FEBRUARY. 


MOON S PHASES. 


THE 


























Hi 


i It i 


Decl. 






^ Hill 





Decl, 










PLANETS 


Meridiar 


. Ascen 


Meridian, 


*& v 

Asi en- 






d. h. m. 












sion. 






sion 




Q New Moon. 4 8 24-9 


T.M.T 






















5 First Qr...ll 2 38.5 








h. m. 


h. 


m. 




/ 


A. m. 


A. m. 


o / 


O Full Moon. 18 10 39.8 


Merc , 


An 


Ev 


e ning St 


ar. 




1 6 


22 46 - 


S 8 35 


< Last Qr 


...26 15 4.4 




1? Venus. 


A Mor 


n ing Si 


ar. 




9 34 


19 13 


S21 22 


d Perigee, 


. . 7 8 semi-diam 


$ Mars - 


6 17 


3 2 


N 18 52 


5 50 




3 30 . 


Y20 42 






16 


18".5 


2/Jupit r 


10 


8 


6 


53 


N 23 b 


9 7 




6 48 . 


Y23 15 


d Apogee. 


...23 9 semi-diam 


TO 

*p Saturn. 


2 


11 


22 


54 


S 


8 54 


1 22 


23 


1 


S 


3 14 






14 44". 6 


IJlUran s 


4 12 





56 


N 


5 21 


3 19 




58 


N 5 32 










.Neptune. 


































Pole Star 


on Meridian, A.M., 3A. 26m 


.23s. 


L. 




QUEBEC. 


HALIFAX, N.S. 


FREDERICTON, 


N.B. 




Sun. 


Twilight. 


Sun. 


Twilight, 


Sun, 


Twilight, 


* 
J 

erf 


Rises. 


Sets. 


Begins. 


Ends. 


Rises. 


Sets. 


Begins. 


Ends. 


Rises Sets. 


Begins. 


Ends. 


O 






A.M. 


P.M. 






A.M. 


P.M. 


A. 


M. 


P.M. 




A. m. 


h. m. 


A. 771. 


A. 771. 


h. m. 


A. m. 


h. m. 


A. m. 


A. m A. m 




h. 


m. 


h 


m. 


1 


7 31 


4 46 


5 41 


6 47 


7 26 


5 2 


5 39 


6 48 


7 29 4 59 


5 


41 


6 47 


10 


7 19 


5 11 


5 30 


6 59 


7 14 


5 15 


5 30 


6 59 


7 17 5 12 


5 


30 


6 59 


20 


7 2 


5 26 


5 16 


7 12 


6 59 


5 30 


5 16 


7 12 


7 1 5 28 


5 


16 


7 12 


29 


6 46 


5 40 


5 


7 25 


6 43 


5 42 


5 2 


7 23 


6 45 5 41 




5 


1 


7 25 


Day, 


Sun Sets, 


App, Noon, 


Sun s 


Moon s 


Moon s : 


loon 


Rises or 


Sets. 


TWILIGHT, 








shewing 


DeclinaL o 


Age 


Jeclina- 


























To- 


Mwi 


the Eq, 


of 


South. 


at 


tion. 




















Week. 


V r. t 




treal. 


Time 






Noon. 






Toronto [Montreal, 


Toronto. 


Montreal, 


























Rises. 


Rises. 



















D. t 


. m. h. in. 


A. m. 


s. 


o / 


D. 




O / 




A. m. 


A. 771. 


- :; r ri "-" 


Ends. 


Begins. 


Ends 


T. 


1 


32 5 55 


12 13 


52 17 11.4 


26 


.2 


17 54s 


4 23m 


4 28m 














W. 


2 


335 6 


5 1 


12 13 


5916 54.2 


27 


.2 


16 22 


5 14 


5 18 


1 5 3 . 


6 


48 


5 


43 


6 43 


Th. 


3 


345 7 


5 3 


12 14 


06 


16 36.8 


28 


.2 


13 47 


6 9 


6 14 


. ) 2l 


6 


5S 


5 


30 


6 59 


F. 


4 


355 9 


5 5 


12 14 


13 


16 19.0 


29 


.2 






Sets. 


Sets. 


5 14 


7 


14 


5 


16 


7 12 


S. 


B 


365 10 


5 6 


12 14 


18 


16 1.1 


.6 


10 17 


6 9 a 


6 


7 a 


29 5 1 


7 


23 


5 





7 23 


S. 


6 


375 11 


5 7 


12 14 


23 


15 42-81 1 


.6 


6 


4 


7 19 


7 19 


I iistor and 


P. llux 


(the lattet 


M. 


7 


385 135 8 


12 14 


26 


15 24.2 


2 


.6 


1 26 


8 32 


8 32 


lie soiuhf; 


mnost an 


J brightest 


T. 


8 


395 15 


5 10 


12 14 


29 


15 5.4 


3 


.6 


3 14n 


9 42 


9 43 


ot tlie i wo - 
r Milan about 10, 


are 
on 


on the me- 
the 15:h : 


W. 


9 


405 17 


5 12 


12 14 


31 


14 46-3 


4 


.t 


7 42 


10 51 


10 53 


and I rwyni! a 


little later, - 


Tfi.W 


41 5 18 


5 14 


12 14 


33 


14 27.0 


5 


.1 


11 40 










1 Irion to i 


K 


West, 


the 


bright 


F. 11 

S. 12 


425 19 
435 21 


5 1512 14 
5 17|12 14 


33 
33 


14 7.5 
13 47.7 


6.6 
7.6 


14 50 
17 1 



1 


2m 
8 


5m 
1 13 


-tar, Spicn 
About 25 = 
ward of tin 1 


Yirginin, rising, 
to the north wes - 
belt nf Orion, am! 


S. 13 


445 22 


5 18 


12 14 


32 


13 27-7 


8.6 


18 


8 


2 12 


2 


17 


nearly ill the same line, 


is Al- 


M. 14 


455 23 


5 20 


12 14 


30 


13 7.5 


9.6 


18 


7 


3 10 


3 


15 


ik-hman, which may 


be 


inown 


r. 15 


465 24 


5 21 


12 14 


27 


12 47.0 


10.6 


17 


1 


4 


4 


4 


9 


l>y its red colour. 


IT. 16 

2%. 17 


475 255 22 

485 275 24 


12 14 
12 14 


24 
20 


12 26-4 
12 5.5 


11.6 

12.6 


14 58 
12 11 


5 2 
5 33 


5 

5 


6 
37 


Eclipses of Jupi 


ten 


Wiles. 


F. 18 


495 285 25 


12 14 


15 


11 44-5 


13.6 8 49 


6 


9 


6 


12 


M. T. Greenw, 


Toronto [ 


S. 19 


505 30 


5 27 


12 14 


11 


11 23-31 14.6 5 07 


Rises. 


Rises. 


d. h 


m. s. 


h. 


m. 


S. 20 


51 


5 31 


5 28 


12 14 


04 


11 1-9 15.6 1 16 


7 35 a 


7 


34 a 


I. 5 141228.3 


8 


55em 


Af. 21 


52 


5 325 2i 


12 13 57 


10 40-4 16.6 2 35s 


8 32 


8 


33 


1216 


723.5 


1050em 


J 7 . 22 


53! 


5 335 31 


12 13 4S 10 18-h 


17.6 


6 19 


9 29 


9 


30 


21 1231 10.6 


7 


14em 


W.23 


54 


5 355 3; 


>12 13 41 


9 56-6 


18.6 


9 44 


10 26 


10 


28 


28 142620.9 


9 


9em 


7%. 24 


55 


5 365 3; 


!12 13 33 


9 34-7 


19.6 


12 46 


11 24 


11 


27 


II. 9 125155.7 


7 


35em 


F. 25 


56 


5 37 5 3^ 


1 12 13 23 


9 12-5 


20.6 


15 14 










Merc uiy 


i urthpst frnm 


S. 26 


57 


5 395 3( 


512 13 IS 


8 50-2 


21.6 


17 


2 


2()m 





24m 


the Sun 






8. 


j? 


58 


5 41 5 3J 


>12 13 Oi 


8 27 -g 


22.6 


18 


2 


1 15 


1 


20 


16 152838.3 


10 


12em 


M. 28 


59 


5 42 


5 4( 


)12 12 55 


8 5-2 


23. r 


18 


6 


2 


9 


2 


14 


3 18 


515.6 


12 


48em 


r. 2S 


60 


5 4 


5 41 


12 12 41 


7 42-5 


24.6 


17 


9 


3 


1 


3 


6 


III. 8 121750.1 


7 


lem 


































15 13 


1 57.5 


745im 


































15 1618 5.3 


11 


lem 


































2217 


127.8 


11 


44 im 



12] 



MARCH HAS THIRTY-OWE DAYS. 



[1848 



MARC If, 

Now the loud groaning of the Northern blast 1 , 
Betokens Winter breathing out his last. 

And struggling with his fate : 
The pendent icicle, the softening snow, 
The later twilight s ruddy glow, 

On Sol s bright car await. 
The Fox and Marten renovate their dress^ 
As tyrant man. requires their clothing less. 



P March is the third month of the year; with the ancients it was the first : The name is said 
to be decreed from that of Mars, the God of War; its Zodiacal sign is A.RIES, the Ram. 



METEOROLOGICAL TABLE FOR MARCH. 



UPPER 
CANADA. 



Toronto. 



LOWER 
CANADA. 



Nicolet. 



South 

of 
England. 



Mean Temperature. . . . 

Mean Highest 

Mean Lowest 



31.3 

54.2 

5.0 



2.72 

4.68 

90 



45.6 

66 

24 



The greatest range of tempera 
ture in a day is 41 at Toronto,, on 
the average of six years; 52 ha 
been once observed. 



Day 

of 

Mon 



Day of 
Week. 



REMARKABLE DAYS, &c. 



MEMORANDA, 



5 
6 

7 
8 
9 
10 
11 
12 
13 
14 
15 
16 
17 
18 
19 
20 
21 
22 
23 
24 
25 
26 
27 
28 
29 
30 
31 



Wed. 

Thur. 

Frid. 

Sat. 

Kim 

Mon. 

Tues. 

Wed. 

Thur. 

Frid. 

Sat. 

Sun 

Mon. 
Tues. 
Wed. 
Thtir. 
Fiid. 
Sat. 

Sun 

Mon. 

Tues. 

Wed; 

Dhur. 

Frid. 

Sat. 

Sun 

Mon. 

Tues. 

Wed. 

Thur. 

Frid. 



Court ojf Appeal sits. 

Wesley died, 1791. 

Battle of Point-au-Pelee, 1838.. 

[Visible in Canada. 

Quinquagesima. Eclipse of the Sun. 
District Court Term begins. 
Shrove Tuesday. 
./hh Wednesday. 

Americus Ytspucius, born, 1451. 
Botany Bay discovered, 1787. 
District Court Term ends. 
First Sunday in Lent. 
1 lanet Uranus discovered, 1781. 
York constituted a Market Town, 1814. 
Lord Coniwailis def d the Amer ns,! 781 
Boileau, born, 1635. 
St. Patrick. 
Sterne, died, 1768. 
2nd Sitii lay in Lent. 
Xewton, died, 1727. 
Kiike White, born, 1785. 
Goethe, died, 1832. 
Sir G. Arthur, Lieut. Gov., 1838. 
John Evelyn, died, 1706. 
Annunciation. Lady Day. 
\3rd Sunday in Lent. 
Peace of Amiens, 1802. 
Planet Pallas, discovered, 1802. 
Sir R. Abercrombie, died, 1801. 
Lord Metcalfe, Gov. Gen., 1843. 
Haydn, born, 1732. 



1848.] 


MARCH BEGINS ON 


WEDNESDAY. 


[13 










1st OF MABCH. 




15th 


OF MARCH. 


MOOIVT S PTTASF.S. 


THE 
















/7 ft m 




PLANETS M idian. 


Right 

A.cen- 


Decl. 


Meridian. 


Right 
Ascen- 


Decl. 


O New Moon. "4 20 T. M. T. 








tion. 










tion. 






D First Qr 


...11 11 24 






h. 


m. 


h. m. 




/ 


h. 7/1. 


h. l)i- 




1 


O Full Moon.. 19 3 43 


Merc . An 


Even 


ing Si 


ir. 




A Morn 


ing 


St 


ar. 




d Last Qr....29 8 2 
d Perigee .6 9 Osemi-diam 


? Venus. A Morn i 
$ Mais . 5 24 


ng Si 
4 3 


ar. 
-VS2 2 


10 5m 

r 5 2 


21 38 
4 36 


SU 42 
2V23 45 


.d Apogee . 


16 62". 6 
.....31 21 Osemi-diam 


IfJupit i- 8 
if? Saturn 


6 

30 2 


6 46 
3 8 


-V23 1< 
S 7 3 


J 7 11 
1 11 41m 


6 46 
23 14 


If . 
S 


13 19 
6 55 






14 42.6 


J^Uran s 2 


22 


1 1 


N 


5 4! 


) ] 


I 30 


1 


3 


N 


6 5 










Neptune. 




























Pole Star on 


Meridian, A. M. 


, l/i. 32m. 7s. L. 








QUEBEC. 


HALIFAX, N. S. 


FREDERICTON, N 


.B. 




Sun. 


Twilight, 


.Bun. 


Twilight. 


Sun. 


Twilight. 


aj 


RUei. 


Sets. 


Begini. 


Ends. 


Rises. 


Sets, 


Begins 


Ends. 


Rises, 


Sets, 


Begins 


Ends. 


Q 








A.M. 


P M. 






AH. 


P.M 









A 


.M. 




P.M. 




h. in. 


h. m. 


h. m. 


h. m. 


h m 


h in. 


h m 


h. m. 


h. m. 


h. m. 


h. 


m. 


A 


. 771. 


1 


6 43 


5 41 


4 58 


7 27 


6 41 


5 43 


5 


7 25 


6 43 


5 42 


4 


59 


7 26 


10 


6 27 


5 53 


4 41 


7 40 


6 35 


5 55 


4 44 


7 37 


6 26 


5 54 


4 


42 


7 39 


20 


6 7 


6 7 


4 20 


7 55 


6 7 


6 7 


4 24 


7 51 


6 7 


6 7 


4 


21 


7 54 


30 


5 47 


6 21 


3 58 


8 11 j 


5 49 


6 19 


4 4 


8 


5 


5 48 


6 20 


4 





8 9 


Day. 


Sun Sets. 


App, Noon, 


Sun s 


Moon s 


Moon s 


Moon Rises or Sets 


TWILIGHT. 








shewing 


Dcrliiiiit ii 


Age 


Declina 




















Week. 


Y r. 


lo- 

ronto. 


M.III- 
treal. 


th Eq. of 
Time. 


North, i 


at 

Noon. 


tion 




Toronto- 


Montreal, 




Toronto. 


Montreal. 


























Rises. 




Rises, i 


i 
0] 




















D 


i 


OT. 


h. in. 


h. m. 


s. 


o i 


D. 




/ 




h. m. 


h. m. 




Begin- , t 


<nrls. 


Begins. 


Knrlf. 


\V 1 


61 


5 


44 


5 42 


12 12 


29 


7 19.6 


ox 


fi i* 1 


r\ 


Q 






r. 


C -m 












Th. 2 


\J I 

62 


5 


45 


5 44 


12 12 


16 


6 56.8 26,6 


1 L \J 

12 8 


O < JL LI 1 

4 27 


- u\> ill 1 

4 32 


1 


5 9 ? 


17 


4 59 


7 26 


F. 3 


63 


."> 


47 


5 45 12 12 


03 


6 33.7 


27 


.6 


8 15 


5 20 


5 24 


10 


4 477 


36 


4 42 


7 38 


S. 4 


64 


5 


48 


5 46 12 11 


50 


6 10.6 28 


6 






6 







6 


2 


20 


4 267 


49 


4 22 


7 53 


S. 5 


65 


5 


49 

f i 


5 48 12 11 


36 


5 47.4 29 


.6 


3 45 


Sets. 


Sels. 


30 


478 


2 


4 1 


8 7 


M. t> 


66 


. i 


50 


5 49 12 11 


22 


5 24.2 


i 


. I 


1 


;, 


7 


zz a 




7 V. 


3 a 












T. 7 


67 


5 


52 


5 51J12 11 


07 


5 0.8 


2.1 


5 48 


8 


35 


8 37 


The constellation of Leo Ma 


W. 8 


63 


5 


53 


5 52 


12 10 


52 4 37 4 


3 


. i 


10 8 


9 47 


9 50 


jor 


s conspicuous, the bri 


"litest 


Tit. 9 


69 


5 


54 


5 53 


12 10 


37 


4 14.0 


4 


.1 


13 42 


10 57 


i 


1 


1 


Star, Uegulas, in 


this constel- 


# KJ 


70 


5 


55 


5 54 


12 10 


21 


3 50.5 


5 


.1 16 19 












Intion, pas.-M ihe merrQmn u 
iwcen 10 and 11, on the 15th. 


S. 11 


7115 


57 


5 56 


12 10 


5 


3 26.9 


6 


.1 U7 48 





4m 





9m 


The two stars y 


i 
and S of ihr 


S. 12 


72|5 


58 


5 57 


12 9 


49 


3 3.3 


7.. 1 18 08 


1 


5 




1 10 


GrnifCear, [the Stars opposite 


,);. is 


7315 


59 


5 58 


12 9 


32 


2 39.7 


8 


.1 


17 22 


2 





2 


5 


10 the pointers,] serve as 


,>oint- 


T. 14 


74 
75 


I 


1 

2 


5 59 
6 01 


12 9 
12 8 


15 
59 


2 16.1 
1 52.4 


9 
10 


.1 
1 


15 39 

13 7 


2 50 
3 32 


2 54 
3 36 


:ca to Keguleg. Spica Virginis 
s high towards the East, 


r/uc 


76 


i; 


3 


6 02U2 8 


41 


1 28.7 


11 


1 9 59 


4 


10 


4 14 








~ ^ 





/: 17 


77J6 


4 


6 03J12 8 


22 


1 5.0 


12 


] 6 27 


4 45 


4 47 












S. IS 
S. 19 


78 
7:* 


) 

i 


5 
6 


6 05 12 8 
6 0612 7 


5 

47 


41.3 
17.6 


13 
14 


1 

: 


2 39 
1 10s 


5 16 
Rises. 


5 17 
Rises. 


Eclipses ot , 


upiter s [Satellites. 


.>/. 20 


80 


6 


7 


67127 


26 


6.0 


15-! 


4 57 


7 21 n 


7 22 a 


M. T. Green \r. 


Toronto. 


2 . 21 


81 


6 


8 


6 812 7 


10 


29.7 


16 


i 


8 30 


8 18 


8 20 


d. h. m. s. i 


i. m. 


TF.22 


82 


6 


9 


6 10112 6 


53 


53.4 


17 


-i 


11 41 


9 


15 


9 18 


I. 


6th 16 21 36.c ] 


1 05em 


27z.23 


83 


6 


11 


(i 12 12 6 


31 


1 17.0 


18 


.1 


14 21 


10 12 


10 16 


13 181656.31 


SOOemi 


F. 24 


84 


6 


12 


6 1312 6 


15 


1 40 6 19 


. i 


16 24 


11 


7 


11 11 


22 1441 12.9 


924;m 


S. 25 


85 


6 


146 1412 5 


51 2 04 1 20 


.1 


17 42 












29 1 6 36 39.8 J 


1 20em 


S. 26 


86 


6 


156 I5il2 5 


38! 2 27.6 21 


.1 


18 09 





Om 


5 mi 


II. 


19 1512"9.1 


956em 


.tf. 27 


87 


(i 


166 1612 5 


19 


2 51.1 22 


.1 


17 40 


52 


57 


26 174841 


.71 


232em 


T. 28 


886 


176 1812 5 


1 


3 14.5 23 


.1 


1G 11 


1 42 




I 47 


III 


29 13 


141 


.1 


745im 


W. 21) 


89 


(i 


196 19J12 4 


42 


3 37 8 


24 


.1 


13 42 


2 28 


2 33 


29 162147.21 


1 


5em 


Zii.S) 


90 


6 


206 2012 4 


25 


4 01.1 


25 


. j 


10 19 


3 11 


3 14 


IV. 


18 155129 


.1 1 


035im 


F. 31 


91 


G 


21 


6 21112 4 


86 4 24.3 


26 


i 


6 11 


3 50 


3 53 


18 193133 


.6 1415K, 






j 


i 

























14] 



APRIL, .HAS THIRTY BAYS. 



[1848 



APRIL.. 

April, the month that ever shrouds 

The face of heaven with weeping clouds ; 

These tears some tidings bring : 
Are they of grief, that Winter dies ? 
Or gladness taking this disguise, 

To hail the dawn of Spring 1 
Of happy Spring, when all these showers- 
Shall serve as foils to brighten coming hours. 



This is the Fourth Month of the year, having for its sign TAURUS, the Bull. Its Latir 
name is Jlpritis, from Aperio, to open or set forth. 



METEOROLOGICAL TABLE TOR APRIL, 



UPPER 

CANADA. 



Toronto. 



Mean Temperature. . . . 

Mean Highest 

Mean Lowest. . 



43.1 

74.96 
18.2 



LoW r ER 

CANADA. 



Nicolet. 



39.5 
62.7 



South 

of 
England. 



48.5 
74 
29.0 



St. Lawrence opens at Lake St. 
Peter, on tbe average, April 17. 
Toronto Bay, April 5. 



Day 

of 
Mon 



Day of 
Week. 



REMARKABLE DAYS, &c. 



MEMORANDA 



1 
2 
3 
4 
5 
6 
7 
8 
9 

10 
11 
12 
13 
14 
15 
16 
17 
18 
19 
20 
21 
22 
23 
24 
25 
26 
27 
28 
29 
30 



Sat. 
Sun. 

Mon. 

Tues. 

Wed. 

Thur. 

Frid. 

Sat. 

Sim. 

Mon. 

Tues. 

Wed. 

Thur. 

Frid. 

Sat. 

Sim. 

Mon. 

Tues. 

Wed. 

Thur. 

Frid. 

Sat. 

Sun. 

Mon. 

Tues. 

Wed. 

Thur. 

Frid. 

Sat. 

Sun. 



Dr. Harvey, born, 1578. 
\th Sun/lay in Lent. 
IBp. Heber, died, 1826. 
Quarter Sessions and Dis. Court com. 
Stow, died, 1605. 
Napoleon sent to Elbe, 1814 
Wordsworth, born, 1770. 
Hudson s Bay Comp y establ d, 1C92. 
5/A Sunday in Lent, 
Chancery Courts sits. 
Nieigara and Midland Assizes begin. 
Dr. Young, died, 1705. 
Handel, died. 

Tobayo taken by the English, 1793 
Battle of Culloden, 1746 
Palm Sunday. 

Brock s Monumeat destroyed, 1840. 
First Newspaper in America, 1704. 
Lord Byron, died. 
Johnstown Assizes begin. 
Good Friday. 
C iaaneery Court rises. 
Easter Sunday. St. George. 
Bank ok England founded, 1694. 
Princess Alice born, 1843. 
Gore and Eastern Assizes begin. 
3750 Families Immigrated into Nov a 
Battle of York, 1813. [Seotia, 17-49. 
War -with Franse declared, 1803. 
Low Sunday. 



i 


848.] 


APRII* BEGIJVS O1V SATURDAY. 


[15 


















1st of APRIL. 




15th 


of APHIL. 


MOON S PHASES. 


THF 






















X JL VV^ll O X A i. iXk- J-J fc - 

d. h. m. 


1, t\ K-i 

PLANETS 


Meridian. 


Kigiit 
A seen- 
s ion 


Decl. ! 


Meridian. 


Right 
Ascen 
sion. 


Dec!. 


fl New 


Moon. 3 5 44 T. 


M. T. 


























: 


> First Qr. . 


. . 9 23 32 






A. m. 


h. 


m. 


o 


, 


h. 


m. 


A. m. 


o 


, 


! 


) Full 


Moon. 17 23 14 


$ Merc. 


\ Morn 


ing 


St 


ir. 







24m 





S o 


19 


( 


I Second Qr. .25 23 3 




? Venus. 


A Morn 


ing 


Si 


ir. 




(1 


26m 


2 


S 1 


27 




[ Perigee.. 


. . 3 17 serni-diam. 


$ Mars . 


4 37 


5 


18 




4 45 


! 


18 


5 54 


xV2c 


2 




H Apogee. . 


16 41".9 
..18 2 Osemi-diam 


l(Jupit i 
J?. Saturn 


6 9 
10 38m 


6 
23 


51 

22 


S 


3, 16 

6 7 


9 


20 
52m 


6 57 
>3 27 


.V23 9 
S 5 34 














14 


41". tt 


^Uran s 


27 


1 


7 


W 


6 27 


i 


34m 


1 10 


A T 6 46 


















Neptune. 








































Pole Star on Meridian, on 


the 15th, 11A 


2H;/i 1 6s L. 






QUEBEC. 


HALIFAX, N. S. 


FREDERICTON, 


N. 


B. 






Sun, 


Twilight. 


Sun. 


Twilight. 


Sun. 


Twilight. 




V 


Rises. 




























4- 

CO 


Sets. 


Begins. 


Ends 


Ilises. 


Sets. 


Begins. 


Ends. 


Rises. 


Sets. 


Begin* 


. Ends. 




Q 




A.M. 


V M. 






A.M. 


P.M. 






A.M. 


P.M. 






h. m. 


h. 711. 


A. m. 


A. m. 


A. m. 


h. m. 


h. m. 


h. m. 


A. m. 


A. m. 


A. 7n 


A. m. 




1 


a 43 


6 24 


3 52 


8 15 


5 45 


6 23 


3 57 


8 9 


5 44 


6 23 


3 55 


8 


13 




10 


5 26 


6 36 


3 31 


8 32 


5 27 


6 34 


3 39 


8 23 


5 27 


6 35 


3 34 


8 


29 




20 


5 8 


6 50 


a 6 


8 50 


5 11 


6 46 


3 17 


8 40 


5 9 


6 49 


3 1C 


8 


47 




30 


JL*L 


7 3 


2 42 


9 12 


4 55 


6 59 


2 55 


8 59 


4 52 


7 1 


2 47 


9 


7 




Day. 


Sun Sets. 




1 

\pp..\uon, Sun s 


Uoon s 


Moon s 


1(1011 


Rise* or 


Sets. 


TWILIGHT. 
















shfwi 


;;; Dtcliiia n 


Age 


echna- 


























To- 


im 




lli tq 


. of .North.. 


at 


tiun. 






















Veek. 


VT r 


rontu. 


eal. 


Tune. 


Noon. 






foronto. 


Montreal. 


-_ 


Toronto. , 


Montreal. 
































Rises. 


Rises. 


~ 

















D. 


ft 


. 7/K 


. m. 


h. m. 


S. 


o ; 


D. 


o 




h. m. 


h. 


m. 


- - 


Begins. 


Ends. B. 


gins. 


Ends. 




y. 


1 


92 


6 


22 


23 


12 3 47 


4 47-4 


27.1 


1 31s 


4 30 m^ 


4 


31 m 


* 












jr. 


2 


93 
94 


6 23 

!i 24 


24 
25 


12 3 
12 3 


29 
12 


5- 1.0.5 
5 33.4 


28.1 
29.1 


a 2in 


5 07 

Sets. 


5 07 

Sets. 


! 

d 


4 1 
342 


S 6 ^ 
8 20 : 


? 56 
5 36 


8 11 

8 27 




7 . 


1 


95 (3 25 


27 


12 2 


54 


5 56.3 




0.7 


8 02 


7 23 a 


7 


26 a 


20 


3 21 


8 36 ; 


* 19 


8 39 




.IF. 


; 


9fv6 27 


28 


12 2 36 


6 19.0 


1.7 


12 08 


8 37 


8 


41 


:fl 


3 


8 54 


I 56 


.S 58 




TA. 


< 


97 6 28 


6 29 


12 2 ID 


6 41.7 




2.7 15 20 


9 4S 


9 


52 


A line drawn I KMII Polaris. 




JF. 

S. 


i 

8 


j>;s (; 29 
996 3 


5 31 
6 32 


12 2 02 
L2 1 45 


7 04.1 
7 26.6 




3.7 

4.7 


17 23, 
18 10 


10 54 
11 54 a 


10 
11 


59 
59 a 


perpendicular to the lineofthi 
ioiivters, passcs at 48 dist. 
i >ro the bright stnr Capclln. 




S. 


9 


10016 31 


> 33 


12 1 


28 


7 48-9 




5.7 


17 


46 


Morn. 


Morn s. 


.vhirh will he risin 


g in the N. 




M. 

T. 


LI 

11 


101 16 3L 
102;6 3 


i 3. r 
i 3tJ 


12 1 12 

12 56 


8 11.0 
8 33.0 




6.7 

7.7 


16 
14 


19 
01 


47m 
1 32T 



1 


51 IT, 

37 


",. about 10 on the I5;h ; mon 
o the B., will be Alpheca, in 
Corona Uorealie : and to the S. 




W. 


121036 35 


6 37 


12 40 


8 54.9 




8.7 


11 


02 | 2 


12 


2 


15 




will be Scorpio. 


also 


risin;;. 




T/i. 


13 1D46 3i 


;i 38 


12 24 


9 16.6 




9-7 


7 


37 2 


47 


2 


50 


l)i-n(b, in 


the tail of the 


Linn. 




F. 
S. 


14105 

15106 


3 3~ 
i 3 


i ) i 
(i 41 

J-I * *" 


12 09 
11 59 51 


9 38.1 
9 59.b 


10.7 
11.7 


3 




55 
05 rt 


3 
3 


19 
48 


3 
3 


21 
49 


will bt" on the meridian abou 1 
111 in a line with Regnlus OIK 
Procvon, Orion dihajipeiiring. 




S. 


1 


id 


< 


8 4 




I 


11 5 


d j 


10 20.9 




IZ.i 


3 


43s 


4 


15 m 


4 


I6rr 














M. 
T. 


17J1086 4 
18 1096 4 


44 
o 45 


11 59 25 
11 50 11 


10 41-9 
U 02.8 


13.7 7 
14.7110 


22 
41 


Rises. 

7 09 f 


Rises. 
7 11 a 


Eclipses of Jupiter s Satellites. 

SI. T. Greenw. Toronto. 




W, 19 jllO. 


fi 4 


H 


46 11 58 58 


11 23.4 


15.7 


13 


35 


8 


05 


8 08 




d. h 


7)1. S. 


A. 


7ft. 




77i 
.F. 


.20111 

21 112 


6 4 
6 4 


6 
6 


I! 


11 58 45 
11 58 32 


U 44.(j 
12 04.3 




16.7 
17." 


15 

17 


52 

27 


9 

9 


02 
56 


9 06 
10 01 


1. 


51832 8 
713 56 


) 744em 




S. 


22 113 


6 4 


6 


oti 


11 58 20 


12 24.4 




18. 


r is 


12 


10 


48 


10 53 


Saturn s ring disappears. 




S. 


23. 1 14 


6 4 


6 


,\ 


11 58 08 


12 44.4 




It). 


718 


03 


11 


38a 


11 


43 E 




14145626? 


9 


39em 




M. 


2-1 115 


6 4 


6 




11 57 57 


13 04.1 


20. 


ri6 


57 


Morn s 


Morn g 




21 1651 55- 


11 


35em 




T. 


25 lit) 


6 5 


6 


-. 


11 5 


7 46113 23.7 




21. 


7 14 


55 





24 a 


29ir 




2311 


2051- 


1 6 


04em 




J-F. 26 117 


6 5 


6 


55 11 57 36(13 42.9 


22." 


in 


59 


1 


07 


1 


11 




28 18 47 23 > 


< 13 


30em 




r/i 


.27 118-6 5 


6 


5f 


11 57 27|14 02.0 


23. 


r 8 


1.6 


1 


47 


1 


50 




30131619 


I 7 


59err. 




F. 


28119-6 5- 


6 


5" 


11 57 17 


1 1 20.81 


24. 


1 3 ; 


56 


. 2 


24 


2 26 


11.131218 9" 


i 7 01 en, 




S. 


29 120 


6 5i 


>6 


K 


11 57 Ot- 


14 39.o! 


25. 


1 


46 


3 


00 


3 01 




20 14 53 42 < 


> 9 


37err ; 




S. 


30il 21 


6 5< 


i7 


(M 


) 11 57 01 


14 57.5 




26. 


1 5 


34 


3 


38rr 


3 38 rr 




271729 6 


r 12 


12em 








































01.517 136^ 


\ 11 


45 im 








































IV. 41341 34 { 


5 8 


24erri 



16] 



MAY HAS THIRTY-OtfE DAYS. 



[1848 



MAY. 

Now Nature in her gayest robe is drest, 
And hails the gentle breathing of the West, 

With all her charms displayed . 
The feathered songster serenades his ma1e - j 
The bachelor resolves to try his fate, 

And woo some pretty maid. 
Not Nature only, but the human heart is gay, 
And all proclaims " the merry month of May." 



n May, the Fifth Month of our year, was the second in the old Alban Calendar; our Saxoi 
incestors, after the Romans, called it Mains Month. Zodiacal sign GEMINI, the Twins. 



METEOROLOGICAL TABLE FOR MAY. 



Mean Temperature. . . . 



Mean Highest. 
Mean Lowest. 



UPPER 
CANADA. 



Toronto. 



51.8 
78.0 
28.8 



LOWER 
CANADA. 



Nicolet. 



5.27 
7.33 



South 

of 
England. 



54.9 
70.6 
33.0 



Fruit trees in blossom at Nico 
let, on the average, May 17. 



Day 

of 

Mon 



Day of 
Week. 



1 

2 

3 

4 

5 

6 

7 

8 

9 

10 

11 

12 

13 

14 

15 

16 

17 

18 

19 

20 

21 

22 

23 

24 

25 

26 

27 

28 

29 

30 

31 



Mon. 

Tues. 

Wed. 

Thur. 

Frid. 

Sat. 

Still. 

Mon. 

Tues. 

Wed. 

Thur. 

Frid. 

Sat. 

Sun. 

Mon. 

Tues. 

Wed. 

Thur. 

Frid. 

Sat. 

Sun. 

Mon. 

Tues. 

Wed. 

Thur. 

Frid. 

Sat. 

Sun. 

Mon. 
Tues. 
Thur. 



REMARKABLE DAYS, &c. 



Duke of Wellington, born, 1769. 
Western Assizes begin. 
Dalhousie Assizes begin. 
Siege of -Quebec raised, 1776. 
Napoleon, died, 1821. 
Oswego taken, 1814. 
2nd Sunday after Easter. 
Brock Assizes begin. 
Home and Bathurst Dis. Assizes begin. 
Battle of Lodi, 1796. 
London Assizes begin. 
Talbot Assizes begin. 
Anne Boleyn beheaded, 1535. 
3rd Sunday after Easter. 
Daniel OH onnell, died, 1847. 
Battle of Albeura, 1811. 
Talleyrand, died, 183^ . 
Governor Bagot, died, 1843. 
Huron Assizes begin. 
Columbus died. 
Wi Sunday after Trinity. 
Battle of Bautzen, 18:3. 
Battle oi Ramilies, 1706. 
Wellington Assizes begin. Queen Vic- 
[toria, born, 1819. 
Calvin, died. 15C4. 

Prince George of Hanover, born, 1819, 
Rogation Sunday. 

Princess Sophia Matilda, born, 1773. 
Kuebens, died, 1640. [died, 1847. 

Victoria Dis As zs begin. Dr. Chalmers 



MEMORANDA. 



1848.] 


MAY BEGINS ON 


MONDAY. [IT 
















1st or MAY. 


15th OF 


MAY. 


MOON S THASFS 


T.HF 




























i~i,\/ V/A^ O A JLJliiOJu*O 

<. A. TO. T. M. T. 


J. -al j 

PLANETS 


Meridian. 


RlKht 
Atten 
tion. 


Decl. 


Meridian. 


Right 
Ascen- 
tioo- 


Deel: 


O New Moon. 2 13 58 
































5 First Qr. 


. . . 9 9 39 










A TO 


A. 


m. 







A. TO. 


A. TO. 




/ 


O Full Moon. 17 13 25 


$ Merc 


. An 


Eve 


rsingSt 


ar, 






near 


the 




Sun. 


d LastQr. 


...25 6 30 






? Venus 


. A Morn 


ing St 


ar. 




10 44m 


2 18 


#12 21 


New Moon. 31 21 22 






$ Mars 


3 56 


6 


36 


#22 4 


4 3 38 


7 12 


#29 53 


d Perigee . 


. . . 2 4 Osemi-diam 


IfJopit 


r 4 26 


7 


6 


#22 5 


6 3 41 


7 16 


#22 40 






16 




;".a 


lj Saturr 


, 8 52m 


23 


34 


S 


4 5 


5 8 5m 


23 38 


-S 


4 31 


<d Apogee . 


. . .15 7 semi- diam 


fflUran 


s 10 31m 


1 


13 


N 


7 


7 9 43m 


1 16 


# 


7 22 


<J Perigee . 


14 42".2 
. . .30 13 Osemi-diam 
16 35".7 


Neptune 


. 


























Pole Star on Meridian 


, on the 15th, 9A. 28m 


21s. L. 






QUEBEC. 


HALIFAX, N. S. 


FREDERICTON, 


X. 


B. 




Sun. 


Twilight. 


Sun. 


Twilight. 


Sun. 


Twi.ight. 


j 

ctf 


Rises. 


Sets. 


Begins. 


Ends. 


Rises. 


Sets. 


Begins. 


Ends. 


Rises. 


Sell. 


Begins. 


Ends. 


n 






AM. 


P M 






A.M. 


P.M. 






A 


.M. 




P.M. 




A. m. 


A. TO. 


A. TO 


A 


. TO. 


A. TO. 


A. TO 


A. 7ft. 


A TO. 


A. m 


A. m 


A 


TO. 


A. 


TO. 


i 


4 49 


7 4 


2 39 


9 


14 


4 54 


7 


2=52 


9 


1 


4 51 


1 3 


2 


44 


9 9 


10 


4 36 


7 16 


2 17 


9 


35 


4 42 


7 10 


2 40 


9 12 


4 39 


7 14 


2 


24 


9 29 


20 


4 25 


7 28 


1 54 


9 


59 


4 31 


7 21 


2 14 


9 38 


4 27 


7 25 


2 




i 


9 51 


30 


4 6 


7 48 


1 33 


[0 


22 


4 23 


7 31 


1 58 


9 56 


4 19 


7 36 


2 


41 


10 13 


Date. 


Sun Sets. 1 * XT-,,., 


Sun s 


Moon s 


Moon s 
Declina 
tion. 


Moon 


Rises or Sets. 


TWILIGHT. 










1 shewing 
the Eq. of 


Declinat n 
North. 


Age 
at 












aj 


Toronto . 


Montreal. 






To 


Mon 


Toronto. 


Montreal. 


Day. 


Y r. 


ronto. 


treal. 


Time 






Noon. 


ts 














































ft 


Begins. 1 


:nds 


Begins. 


End*. 




yi 


i 


L 


* 




O f 


j-v 




o r 




F 












D. 


n. in. 


A.m. 


h. m. 


l 




D. 








ft. TO. 




TO. 


1 


2 57 j 


5-1 




2 


Hi 


9 5 


M. 1 


122 


6 


." 7 


7 01 11 56 


53 


15 15.9 


27.7 


10 03/i 


4 14m 




4 13m 


10 


2 40 b 


12 




2 


27 


925 


T. $ 
W. o 


,;i23 
.124 


6 
6 


58 
59 


7 0311 56 

7 04 11 56 


n; 
10 


15 33.8 
15 51.3 


28.7 
0.4 


6 

13 51 


Sets. 
7 24 a 




Sets. 
7 28 a 


I \J 

20 
30 


2 22 

1 8 C 


l 30 
1 48 




J 
i 


"(i 
49 


946 
10 6 


Tii. 4 


i I9B 


7 


00 


7 051:1 56 


9 | 


16 08.8 


t 


i 


16 3^ 


i 


K 


5 


: 




8 3 



















F. 5; 126 


7 


01 


7 0611 56 


- | t 

29 


16 25.8 


*. > A. 

2.4 


18 03 


O wx 

9 39 




9 44 


Spica Virginia, a bright sta r 
to the south, misses the meri" 


S. 6 127 


7 


02 


7 07111 56 


, i 


16 42.7 


3.4 


18 13 


10 36 


10 41 


dian before 


111 on the 15th ; a 


S. 7128 


7 


(M 


7 08111 56 


20 


16 59.2 


4. 


4 


17 10 


11 


27 a 


11 32 a 


linn 


fiom Polaris 


through the 


M. 8 129 
r. 9130 


7 

7 


05 
06 


7 10 
7 11 


11 56 
11 56 


1617 15.5 
1317 31.4 


5.4 
6.4 


15 06 
12 17 


Morn g. 
10m 


Morn g 
14 | 


middle star, in the tail of the 
great Ctar, passes at 70 U dis- 
ance through Spies. About 


W.U 


i i !3l 


7 


07 


7 12 


II 56 


11 17 47.0 


7. 


4 


8 56 





48 




51 


W u 


to the North 


and 


West, is 


Th.ll 132 
F. 12 133 
S. 13134 


7 
7 
7 


08 
09 

li 


7 13 
7 15 
7 16 


11 56 09 
11 56 07 
11 56 06 


18 02.4 
18 17.5 
18 322 


8. 
9. 
10. 


4 
i 
1 


5 15 

1 26n 
2 25s 


1 
1 
2 


21 
53 

21 


1 23 
1 54 
2 22 


Arcturus [Bootis] the brightest 
of an irreguliir line of stars, and 
brining an equal triangle with 
pica and Deneb. Regulussink- 


S. 14 135 


7 


12 


7 1711 56 06 


18 46.8 


11. 


4 


6 09 


2 


49 


2 48 


itg to the VV. 


.Castor and Pollux 


M. 15 136 
T. 16 137 


7 

7 


137 18 
147 19 


11 56 07 
11 56 07 


19 00.9 
19 14.6 


12. 
13. 


4 

1 


9 37 

12 42 


3 


17 

48m 


3 35 
3 45m 


viib Procyon, disappearing. Ju 
)iter and Wars in the Constel n, 
Jemini, thrmiffhout this month 


W.17 138 


7 


15 


7 20 


It 56 


D9 


19 28.1 


14.4 


15 13 


Rises. 


Rises. 




^^~^-, 


~ - 






^^ 


-^~ 


77i.l8 139 


7 


6 


7 21 


11 56 


t] 


19 41.3 


15.4 


17 07 


7 


51 


B 


7 56 a 


EC 


ipses of , 


opite 


t 


5 Satellites. 


F. 19 


140 


7 


167 22 


11 56 


13 


19 54.1 


16.4 18 10 


8 


45 




8 50 


M! T. Greenw. 


Toronto. 


S. 2G 


141 


7 


177 23 


11 56 


16, 


20 06.6 


17.4 18 21 


9 


36 




9 41 


d. h. m. s. 


A 


TO. 


S.21 


542 


7 


18 


7 24 


11 56 


2020 18.7 


18.4117 34 





23 




10 29 


. 7th 15 11 46. 


i 


9 55 em 


M. 22 143 


7 


20 


7 25 


11 56 


24 


20 30.6 


19.4115 51 


i 


08 




11 12 


1417 710. 


I 


11 50 en: 


T. 23,144 


7 


21 7 26 


H 56 


29 


20 42.0 


20.4 13 16 


11 


48 


R 


11 51 a 


1611 3558. 


3 


6 19 em 


W 7 . 24 145 


7 


227 2811 56 


;; | 


20 53.1 


21.4 


9 53 


Morn 


e 


Morn g. 


231331 19. 


> 


8 Hem 


K.25 146 


7 


237 2911 56 40 


21 03.8 


22.4 


5 52 


.0 


25m 


28m 


30152637. 


l 


10 09 em 


F. 26 147 


7 


24 7 30 1 1 56 


!(i 


21 14.1 23.4 


1 24s 





59 






I 01 


I. 


15115658.1 


6 40 em 


S. 27 148 


7 


257 31 11 5K 53 


21 24.2 


24.4 


3 15n 


! 


34 






I 34 


22143153. 


3 


9 15em 


S. 281149 


7 


2-">7 3211 57 


M) 


21 33.8 


25.4 


7 51 




2 


09 


2 09 


2917 640. 


611 50 em 


M. 2L 


150 


7 


267 3311 57 08 


21 43.1 26.4 


11 58 


2 


46 




2 44 


II. 


11 13 ] 


26.5 


7 44 im 


T. 3C 


151 


7 


277 3411 57 


16 


21 52.0 


27.4 


15 19 


3 


25 




3 22 


11 1625 1.8)11 


08 en, 


jr.3i 


152 


7 


287 35 


11 57 25 


22 00.5 


28.4 


17 31n 


4 


09m 


4 05m 




1817 ] 


48.711 45 im 






































FV.2416 419.5|10 47 im 



19} 



HAS THIRTY DAYS. 



[1848. 



JUNE. 

Now is the interesting: time, 
When summer in us youthful prime 

Sheds hope on all around ; 
Rich promise that the grateful soil, 
WUl well repay the Farmer s toil, 

On every side is found ; 

The proof of coming plenty floats in every breeze, 
Smiles in the verdant fields and blossoms on the tree*. 



25 This is the sixth month of the year, and has for its sign CANCER, the Crab; the most 
probable derivation of its name is from Juno, in honour of whom a festival was celebrated at 
the beginning of this month. 



METEOROLOGICAL TABLE FOR JUNE. 



Mean Temperature. . . . 

Mean Highest 

Mean Lowest 



UPPER LOWER 
CANADA, j CANADA. 



Toronto. 



61.1 

84,0 
35.6 



Nicolet. 



63.6 
82.2 



South 

of 
England. 



58.9 

90. 

37. 



The yearly range of the ther 
mometer at Toronto, averages 99 
at Quebec 118. 



Day 

of 

Mon 



1 

L> 

;; 
i 

5 
6 
7 
8 
9 

10 
11 
12 
13 
14 
15 
16 
17 
18 
19 
20 
21 
22 
23 
24 
25 
26 
27 
28 
29 
30 



Day of 
Week. 



Thur. 
Frid. 

Sat. 



REMARKABLE DAYS, &c. 



MEMORANDA, 



Mon. 

Tues. 

Wed. 

Thur. 

Frid. 

Sat. 



JMon. 
Tues. 
Wed. 
Tlnir. 
Fiid. 
Sat. 



Mon. 

Tues. 

Wed. 

Thur. 

Frid. 

Sat. 

Suit 

Mon. 

Tues. 

Wed. 

Thur. 

Frid. 



Ascension Day. 

Riots in London, 1780. 

Dr. Mutton born, 1 726. 

Sunday after Ascension. 

District Court Term begins. 

Newcastle District Assizes begins. 

Bishop Waiburton, died, 1779. 

ope, bor.n. 1,688. 
St. John s N. F. burned, 1846. 
District Court Term ends. 
Pentecost. Whit Sunday. 
Easter term begins 
Corsica seized by the French, 1769. 

Battle of Marenuo, i800. 

Magna Charla, signed, 1215. 
Duke of Majlboiough, died, 1722. 
John Wesley* born. 1703. 

Tiinitu, Sunday. Battle of Waterloo 

[1815. 

Queen Victoria s Accession, 1837. 

Battle of Vinegar Hill 1798. 

Macliiavel, ditd. 1527, 

Liebnitz, born. 1616. 

Easter Term ends 

First SiHid iy after Trinity. 

GWhile,.difd. 1793 

Charles the 12th, born. 1645. 

Second ureat fire at Quebec, 1845. 

KWtMirP Mail land, Lieut.Gor , 1820 

Roscoe died, 1831. 



1848.3 


TTTTtTf 1> K** < WJ C /^TfcT 

? UiVJL j 15 * i I i\ .> \f^i 


THURSDAY. 


[10 














1st 


OF JUNE. 


loth or JUNE. 


MOON S PHASES. 


THE 


















PLAN FTS 


R-ghi 




Right 






d. h m. 








.ieridiftn. 


Ancen- Dccl. 


Meridian. 


Ascen- 


Decl. 


D First Qr. 


.8 T. 


M. T. 


















tion. 




O Full Moon. 16 3 41 








h. 


m. 


h. 


m. 





h. m. 


h. m. 


/ 


fl Last Qr . 


.23 13 10 




^ Merc 


\ Morn 


ing Si:ar. 


1 46 


7 29 


A T 29 36 


@ NevvMoon-3J *) ii 




? V r enus> 


V Morn 


in^ Si ar. 


11 16m 


4 52 


A* 22 10 


([ Apogee . 


.1 1 18 semi-diam 


$ \iais . 


3 15 


7 56 A r 22 1 


1 2 55 


8 32 


#20 15 




14 


44". I 


14- Jup 


il i 


2 48 


7 


2.) A 22 1 


425 


7 41 


A T 21 48 


fl Perigee ... 


.27 14 O Stmi-tliam 


^ Saturn 


6 59 m 


23 


42 S 


4 


7 6 lOvti 


23 45 


S 3 55 




16 


22" .8 


%HJra 


nV 


8 3om 




1.9 N 


7 4 


7 46 


1 21 


AT 7 51 








iNppiune 








1 
















Pole Star on Meridian, on 


the loth, P. M., Ih, 27m. L. 






QUEBEC. 


HALIFAX, N. 


S. 


FKEDER1CTON, N.B. 




Sun. 


Twilight. 


Sun, 


Twilight. 


Sun. 


Twilight. 


Is 


Rises. 


Sets. 


Begins. 


Ends. 


Risrs. 


Sets. 


Beg , 


n; 


Eudi 


Rises. Sets. 


Begin 


-. Ends 


" 






A M. 


V M. 








A M. 


r M. 




A M. 


P.M. 




/I. 7ft. 


/*. m . 


h. in 


h. m. 


//. in. 


h. 


m. 


k. 


n 


h. -in. 


h. m h, m 


h. n 


i. h. m. 


1 


4 1.3 


7 40 


1 2.i 1 


,) 26 


4 22 


7 


33 


1 55 


10 ( 


4 16 7 38 


1 39 


10 16 


10 


4 11 


7 47 


1 19 1 


J 39 


4 18 


7 


40 


1 46 


10 U< 


4 14 7 44 


1 28 


10 30 


20 


4 11 


7 52 


1 16 1 


4 i 


4 19 


7 


44 


1 43 


10 1. 


4 14 7 48 


1 24 


10 38 


3,) 


4 11 


7 52 


1 24 1 


43 


4 23 


7 


44 


1 50 


u i; 


4 18 7 49 


1 31 


10 36 










i j 


















TWILIGHT. 


Date. 


Sun Sets 


Vpi i. Now 


i, Sun s 


Moor 


, 




Uo:m 


.; 


.Moon 


Rises or 


Sets. 






Siiewmg 


Ucr.lnni ii 


Age 




; 


( r!n 












1 D 


.1, .!, 


lie KM. i 


1 N.irth. 


lit 






tiUll 


















D.iy. 


K"r 


r.:rr.o. ticai. 


T-n.e. 




Bfwi 


. 








T 


ironto. 


Montreal 


S Toronto. 1 


lontreal. 




D. 


k.m.m.h. i. in. s. 


D. 






O / 




h 


. W. 


h. m. 


"" .icjinsj F.M.I-. !! 


-ir Boil. 


TV/. 1 


13.37 2J7 3^11 5V 3822 86 


2J.4 




A. 




Sets. 


Sets. 









F. i 


154 


7 3J7 3()ill 57 1 i II 163 


1. 


1 18 .5.-! 


8 21 a 8 26 a 


1 2 5 


9 53 1 


45 10 9 


O . 


loo 


7 3J7 3; 


11 57 5JJ22 C3.6 


2. 


1 1 


7 5; 


j 


9 16 


9 i 


1 


li. 1 5. 


1 1 


35 10 17 


S. 4 I.KJ 


7 31 7 38 


11 58 0322 3). 7 


3. 


1 


16 2.) 


1 ) 05 10 09 


2 1 55 J 


7 1 


3i 10 31 


Jtf. 5157 


7 317 38 


11 58 1322 37.2 


4. 


1 


1 


:j 47 


10 


46 


10 5J 


3201 


061 


3fe 10 29 


T. 6 
W. 7 


158 


7 327 3. 

7 337 4u 


il 58 2422 43.4 
11 58 3322 4.2 


5. 
6. 


i 
i 


U 33 
6 5J 


l l 
11 


22 

54, H 


11 i5 

11 56 H 




jr d Cot 

u< ailiaa 




Aipnticn, 

US..C6 llie i 


on a: Bar . 
at an alti 


Tk. 8 16J 


7 317 41 ill 53 4722 54.5 


7. 


I 




3 o: 


I 


A lorn IT 


Morn ij. 


ud - of ;ib .tit ?;f, about 10, on 


tt i) 
S. 1 / 


l til 


7 34 7 41 
7 35 7 4.2 


11 08 58 22 5.1.:; 
11 59 1J23 04.1 


8. 
9. 


i 
I 


52, 
4 4.1 






53 


24m 
52 


In: ISili. A bright star between 
u n Uiin pr ri ars, on llie edge of 
he Milky VViiy, is Altair \n 


S. 11 1637 357 4211 j.> 2 


> ,-}J >Q i) 

- 2J \K3.f 


10. 


l 


8 18 


1 


21 


1 19 


\quila;,] -in a lino 


with them- 


M. liltj^ 7 367 43 Jl 5J 3i 23 12.0 


11. 


i 


11 31 


1 


5J 


1 48 


line siurs is the bright sluif 


T. 13 

W.I 4 


[ii.3 


7 3 
7 3 


7 4oil 5J 46.^3 154 
77 44 I 59 5 ,,23 18.3 


12.1, 14 21 
13.1 16 31 


- 


21 
55 


2 18 
2 51 


Wgu, or a l.yrg?.. Alphaca i- 
n llie Inif fioin Vfgit to Arc 
urus, nboui uvo-ilnrds of th ; 


SRi.1.1 


167 


7 37 7 44 12 OJ 12 23 20.8 


14. 


I. 7 55 


3 


33-m 


3 27m 


.n iiuc<: irom llie Vega. An- 


Jf* . 1 ,s 


ISi 


7 3 


7 i7 44 12 OJ 21 23. 22 .) 


1 j.l ! 1S 28 


i. 


l>f 




Rises. 


ures, the bright star in th< 


-S. 1. 




7 387 4o 12 OJ 3 


23- 24 6 


16. 




18 02 


<S 


22 a 


8^27 a 


iiidilli- of Scorpio, 
lu iiilian aboul nn 


ms.-rs tnt 
hour later 


S.I 


170 


7 3>S ! 7 -45 12 OJ o ; 


)23 2.3 J 


17.1 


16 38 


9 


08 


9 13 


Inn Arciuuis. Mi rcnry greai- 


.Af 1 j 


171 


7 3 


)7 4bl2. 01 0323 26,8 


18. 




14 19 


B 


4> 


9 53 


sl distance from (lie sun. 


r. 2 ; 


172 


7 3 


H 46-12 1 1523 27.2 


19. 




11 12 


LU 


28- 


10 31 


Mars in Cancer. Jupiter ii. 

i Mil 1 I 1 ; 1 1 : U S in f *>-**"*- 


W121 


173 


7 3 


)7 4612 01 2> 23 27.3 


2 J.I, 


7 23 


11 


03 


il 05 




^. -^^. 


F. 23 


174 

1 7.3 


7 4( 
7 4 


J,7 47,12 01 41 23 27.0 
)7 4712 01 04 23 20.2 


21. 

2-J.J 




3 07 
1 25 


. I 


11 37 a 
.Worn g 


11 38 a 
vlorn jr 


eclipses ul Jupiter s 

Al J . Gietinv. 


Satellites 

Toronto. 


S. 24 


17617 4, 


J7 47il2 ()2 0. 23 25.0 


23. 




5 57 





07 


in! 08 nj 


d. Il m. S. 


h. m. 


S. 2,3 


177 


7 4; 


17 47J12 02 2 


23 23.4 


24.1 


1J 12 


i) 


43 


44 


I. 6th 1.7 21 50.61 


2 05en> 


Ai. 26 


178 


7 3i 


>7 4612 02 3223 21 4 


25. 




13 51 


I 


22 


1 19 


8LU5044.7 


6 34 em 


r. 27 


17.-, 


7 397 46 12 02 4.j 2. 1 } 18.9 


26.1 


16 35 


2 


02 


1 5S 


15134550.0 


8 29 em 


IK.2S 


181) 


7 3! 


i7 4612 02. 5 


23 16 1 


z7.\ 




18 08 


2 


47 


2 43 


22154i)53.J 1 


24 em 


HL29 


1 81 


7 3; 


11 4612 03 0. 


- -23 12.8 


23.1 




18 24,i 


n 


39 


n 


3 34m 


II.. 16>11 33 13.3 


6 16 em 


/ . ii 


lfi.2 


7 3. 


n 46 


12 3 21 


23 9.2 


29.1 


[ 




6 


Sets. 


Sets. 


2314* 740> 


8 51 err, 


































HI 1<6 1226- 2 4 


7 09 em 


































1V.101417 9.i 


9 00 err. 



JO] 



JULY HAS THIRTY-ONE DAYS. 



[1848, 



JULY. 

Now the fierce radiance of the noontide raj, 
"With ardent beam proclaims the God of day, 

Oppressive in his might. 
The panting cattle seek the grateful shade, 
The tender flowers of morning droop and/ade 

To bloom again at night ; 
Whilst man looks on and sees the wise design, 
In fields of yellow corn and thickly clustered vine. 



July is the seventh month of the year, according to ancient reckoning it was the fifth j 
Mark Antony denominated it July, in compliment to Julius Cssar, who was born in it. LEO 
THE LION is its Zodiacal sign. 



METEOROLOGICAL TABLE FOR JULY. 



Mean Temperature. 

VIean Highest 

Mean Lowest 



UPPER 
CANADA. 



Toronto. 



66.0 
90.5 
41.9 



LOWER 
CANADA. 



Nicolet. 



68.5 
83.8 



South 

of 
England. 



62.0 
76.0 
42.0 



Average warmest day atNicolei 
is July 30 ; mean temperature 
6AM. and 1 P. M., 85. 7. Ditto 
at Toronto is July 22, mean tem 
perature of 24A., 75 3. 



Day 

of 

Mon 



I 
2 
3 

4 
5 
6 
7 
8 
9 

10 
11 
12 
13 
14 
15 
16 
17 
18 
19 
20 
21 
22 
23 
24 
25 
26 
27 
28 
29 
30 
31 



Day of 
Week. 



REMARKABLE DAYS, &c. 



Sat. 
Sun. 

Mon. 

Tues. 

Wed. 

Thur. 

Frid. 

Sat. 

Sun. 

Mon. 

Tues. 

Wed. 

Thur. 

Frid. 

Sat. 

Sun. 

Mon. 

Tues. 

Wed. 

Thur. 

Frid. 

Sat. 

Sun. 

Mon. 

Tues. 

Wed. 

Thur. 

Frid. 

Sat. 

Sun. 

Mon. 



SirF. P. Robinson, Lieut. Gov., 1815. 
\SecondSundayafter Trinity. 
jChancery Court sits [mences, 

iQuarter .-essions and Dist. Court corn- 
Court of Appeal sits. 

[5th, French take Algiers, 1830. 

Col. Simcoe, Lieut Governor, 1792. 
Edmund Burke, died, 1797. 
j Third Sunday after Trinity. 
\ Columbus, born, 1447. 

Lalande, born, 1782. 
i Erasmus, died, 1 "36. 
(Napoleon surrendered, 1815. 

Mrs. Siddons, born, 1755. 

Court of Chancery, rises. 

Fourth Sunday after Trinity. 

Micbilimacinack taken, 1812. 

Hampden, died, 1643. 

Princess Augusta, born, 1822. 

Playfair, died, 1819 

| Hon. P Russell, President, 1796. 

j Battle of Salamanca, 1812. 

< Fifth Sunday after Trinity. 

(Gibraltar taken by the British, 1704. 

i Battle of Lundy s lane. 1813. 

Battle of Aboukir, 1799. 

French Revolution. 1830. 

Lord Durham, died, 1840. 
Robespierre, guillotined, 1794. 
Sixth Sunday after Trinity. 
Trinity Term begins. 



MEMORANDA, 



1*4*.] 


JUfcY BEGINS 


ON 


SATURDAY. 


[21 


in^vr^xT^o r*tr \ ct*o 


T^TT Tl 


1st OF JULY. 


15th OF 


JULY. 


MOON b FnA&JLc 


>. 


1HE 

PLANETS 


Meridian. 


Right 

Ascen 


Uecl. 


Meridian. 


Right 
Ascen 


Decl, 






a. A. m. 


T. M. T 










sion. 










sion, 




Ti "P*irQt Or 


7 1fi 13 






























If illOt VL JLU j- *-r 

O Full Moon. 15 16 3 






A. 


m. 


A 


. 771. 







A.m. 




A. 771. 


O 1 


d Last Qr. 


...22 18 10 




? Merc . 


An 


Ere 


ning St 


ur. 




28m 


8 


3 . 


Y15 40 


O New Moon. 29 14 8 


? Venus. 


A Morn 


injr St 


ar 


nea 


i the sun. 








d Apogee . 


. .. 9 10 Osemi-diam 


o Mars . 


2 32 




11 


Nil 2 


9 2 11 




9 46 t 


\ T 17 41 






14 46".2 


^Jupit r 


1 


16 


1 


55 


N21 1 


2 34 




8 


8 . 


\ T 20 37 


d Perigee. 


. . .24 12 semi-diam 


r r 

1? Saturn 


5 


4m 


23 


46 


S 


3 5 


1 4 13m 


23 46 


S 3 56 






16 10".4 


Quran s 


6 44m 


1 


22 


N 


8 


5 49 




1 23, j 


Y 8 4 










Neptune 




























V 




Pole Star 


on Meridian on 


trie 15th, P.M. 


, 5A. 29m. 26s. L. 








QUEBEC. 




HALIFAX, N.S. 


FREDERICTON, N.B. 




SUD. 


Twilight. 


Sun. 


Twilight. 


Sun. 


Twilight. 


S 


Rises. 


Seis. 


Begins. 


Ends. 


Rises. 


Sets. 


Begins. 


Ends. 


Rises. Sets. 


Begins. 


Ends. 











A.M. 


P.M. 








AM 




P.M 








A.M. 


P.M. 


A. //i. 


A. 771. 


A. 771. 


A. m. 


A. m. 


A. 


m. 


A. m. 


h. m. 


A. m. A. m. 


A. 


7ft. 


A. m. 


1 


4 16 


7 52 


1 20 


10 47 


4 24 


7 


44 


1 50 


JO 17 


4 19 7 49 


1 


32 


10 35 


10 


4 23 


7 48 


1 36 


10 34 


4 29 


7 


41 


2 


J 


10 


S 


4 25 7 45 


1 


46 


10 24 


20 


4 32 


7 40 


1 58 


10 14 


4 38 


7 


34 


2 20 


9 54 


4 34 7 38 


2 


6 


10 6 


30 


4 43 


7 29 


2 22 


9 50 


4 49 


7 


23 


2 41 


9 31 


4 45 7 27 


2 


28 


9 44 


Day. 


Sun Sets. 


App.Noon, 


Sun s 


Moon s 


Moon 


s 


Moon Rises or Sets. 


TWILIGHT. 








shewing Declinat n 


Age. 


Declina- 






















To- j Mon- 


the Eq. of 


North. 








tion 
























Week. Y r. 


ronto.) treat. 


Time. 














Toronto. 


Montreal. 


Toronto. 


Montreal. 


























A. 771. 


A. m. 


i5 

CO 










D. 


/>. 


m. 


A. 771. 


A. 771. 


s. 


D 




o / 




Sets. 


Sets. 


; Begin 


Ends. 


Begi 


n End*. 


S. 1 183 


r 


39 


7 46 


12 3 


33 


23 0.1 





8 


17 23n 


7 


00 


7 59 












S. 2184 


M 


39 


7 46 


12 3 


4523 0.7 


1 


815 15 


8 


39 a 


8 43 


12 1 


1.0 


6 


1 3 


3 10 26 


M. 3185 


J 


39 


7 46 


12 3 


5522 54.8 


2 


8 


12 16 


9 


23 


9 22 


10 2 14 


( t 


56 


1 5 


2 10 18 


r. 4 186 


7 


38 


7 45 


12 4 


7 


22 50.6 


3 


9 




3 50 


9 


53 


9 55 


2 : 2 2* 


9 


44 


2 1. 


2 10 1 


W. 5187 


7 


38 


7 44 


12 4 


17 


22 45.0 


4 


8 


4 53 


10 


26 


10 26 


3-)i2 4<i 


i 


26 


2 3 


3 9 39 


TA. 6 
F> 7 


188 
189 


7 

r 


38 


7 43 
7 45 


12 4 

12 4 


27 
37 


22 38.9 
22 32.4 


5 
6 


^ 
8 


45 
3 02s 


10 

1 


54 
24 


10 54 
11 22 


On the 15th. low down to 
he somh nd to the west of 


cr c 
O* C 


190 


7 


37 


7 44112 4 


46 


22 25.6 


7 


8 


6 43 


n 


52 


11 50 


the meridian 


, tlie 


constellation 


fi C 


191,7 


36 


7 43 12 4 


55 


22 18.4 


8 


8 


10 10 














Scorpio will be diMinguisbed by 


M! 10 

T. 11 


19217 

1937 


36 
36 


7 43 12 5 

7 42i 12 5 


,1 


22 10.8 
22 2.8 


9 
10 


8 

8 


13 10 
15 38 




I) 


21m 
54 


19m 
51 


ts long train. A line from 
U egulus [a Leones] through 
S|>i<>a, passes at 45 distance 


WU2 


194 


7 


35 


7 42 


12 5 


19 


21 54.6 


11 


8 


17 23 


1 


31 




I 27 


ihrougli A ntares, 


a very bright 


TA.13 
jP. 14 


195(7 
1967 


:il 


7 40 
7 40 


12 5 
12 5 


26 
33 


21 45.7 
21 36.6 


12 
13. 


N 

8 


18 19 

18 18 


2 
2 


12 

57 


2 07 
2 52 


and reddish star in Scorpio. 
Al )h:icca will be high up, and 
n little to the west of the meri 


S. 15 


197 


7 


34 


7 40 


12 5 


39 


21 27.1 


14 


8 


17 19 


3 


49 


3 44 


dian as, 10, 


Vega Id Lyrael, 


S. 16 


198 


7 


33 


7 39 


12 5 


44 


21 17.3 


15 


8 


15 20 


1 


45 


4 40 


and Altair [a Aquilffil to the 


A*. 17 


199 


7 


32 


7 38 


12 5 


49 


21 7.1 


16 


8 


12 26 


5 


46 


5 42 


east. 


































Rises. 


Rises. 


The Eclipses of Jupiter s gat 


T. 18 


2007 


32 


7 38 


12 5 


54 


20 56.5 


17 


S 


8 47 


9 


06 a 


9, 08 a 


ir:llites, will 


not be visible this 


W.19 


201 17 


30 


7 36 


12 5 


58 


20 45.6 


18 


8 


4 38 


9 


40 


9 42 


month, Jupiter being too ner 

lllf 1 Mill 


TA.20 


202|7 


29 


7 35 


12 6 


1 


20 34.8 


19 


8 


08 10 


14 


10 14 






,-WJV 




F. 21 


203 


7 


29 


7 35 


12 6 


4 


20 22.7 


20 


8 


4 21n 10 


48 


10 47 










S. 22 


204 


7 


28 


7 34 


12 6 


7 


20 10.7 21 


8 


8 41 H 


24 


11 21 










S.23 


2057 


27 


7 33 


12 6 


9 


19 58.4 


22 


8 


12 30 








11 57 










M. 24 


206 


7 


26 


7 31 


12 6 


10 


19 45.8 


23 


8 


1, 


> 33 


Q 


00m 
















T. 25 


207 


7 


25 


7 30 


12 6 


11 


19 32.8 


24 


817 33 





44 


42m 










^.26 


208 


7 


21 


7 29 


12 6 


11 


19 19.5 


25 


8J18 22 


1 


31 




1 26 










TA.27 


209 


7 


>?, 


7 28 


12 6 


10 


19 5.1 


2o 


817 57 


2 


23 


2 18 










F. 2t 


>10 


7 


2-2 


7 28 


12 6 


9 


18 52.0 


27 


816 22 


3 


21 


3 16 


S. 29 


211 


7 


20 


7 25 


12 6 


8 


18 37.8 


28 


8 


A 




4 


22 


4 18 


S. 30 


212 


7 


19 


7 24 


12 6 


7 


18 23.3 





4 13 "50 


5 


27 


5 23 1 


M. 31 


213 


7 


18 


7 23 


12 a 


3 


18 7.4 


1 


.4 


10 32 












1 









Q2] AUGUST KAS THIUTY-O^ H MAYS. [1 848. 


AUGUST. 


Now harvest calls the reaper to the field, 
The products of his foimrr toil to yield, 
And fill his bnvns with food 


The faithful earth is not a niggard friend, 
But p-iys with ample interest what we lend, 
And prove? it* credit good. 
Let not the chitd of want appeal in vain, 
But share with us this bounteous gift of grain. 


ITJI This month was named by Ihe Romans AUGUST, in compliment to the Emperor Augustus, 
t is the eighth month of the year, and has VIRGO, t-i-e Virgin, lor its Zodiacal sin. 


METEOROLOGICAL TABLE FOR AUGUST. 


UPPER LOWER South 
CANADA. CANADA. 
of 


Toronto. Kicolet. England. 


000 


Mean Tempen 
Mean Highest. 
Mean Lowest. 


iture 65.7 67,8 61. 
84 6 83 3 82 


8 


44.7 41 




Day 
of 
Mon 


Day of 
Week. 


REMARKABLE DAYS, &r. 


MEMORANDA. 


1 


TUPS. 


Lammas, 




2 


Wed. 


Battle of the Nile 1798. 




3 

4 
5 

6 

7 


Thur. 
Frid. 
Pat. 
Sun. 

Mon. 


Columbus First Vojaue, 1549. 
S htlify toinl7J 2. 
"(ilh, Prince Alfred Ernest born, 1844. 
llh Sunday after Trinity 




8 
9 
10 


Tnes. 
Wed. 
Thur. 


G. Canning died 1827. 
L. Phillippe declr d King of Fr,, 1830. 
Battle of Bassano. I7a6. 




11 
12 
13 
14 
15 
16 


Frid. 
gaf. 
Sun. 

Mon. 
Tues. 

Wed. 


Battle of Lake Ch,.mv.l.,in 1814. 
Tririi y Term emls. 
8/A Sun ay iifltr Trinity. 
[I3ih, Sir P JVijiitlaiid Lt. Gov., 1818. 
Napoleon bom 17i>. . 
A. Marvel died 1678. 




17 


Thur. 


Duchess of Kent horn 178G. 




18 


Frid. 


ik at tie died 1803. 




19 


Sat. 


R. Bloomfield died 1823. 




20 
21 


Sun. 

Mon. 


9i7i Sunday tifivr Trinity. 
Dr. A Clarke died 1832 




22 


Tues. 


Warren Hastings died 1818. 




23 
24 
25 
26 


Wed. 
Thur. 
Frid. 
Sat. 


Court of Appeal sits. 
Washington fak^n [814. 
F. Gore, E?q.. Lieut Gov. 1806. 
Prince Albert horn 1819. 




27 
28 


Sun 

Mon. 


10/A Sunday of/ a- Trinity. 
Grot i us died 1645. 




29 


Tnes. 


Locke born IfSO. 




30 
31 


Wed. 
Thur 


Paley bo<n 1743. 
Bunyan died I CSS 


, . _ . _ _ r i 



1848.3 


AUGUST BEGINS 


ON 


TUESDAY. 


[23 
















THE 

PLK.NETS 




1st OF 


AUGUST. 


15th OF AUGUST. 


MOON S PHASES. 


r rr^ 
























Meridian. 


Right 

Ascen- 


Decl. 


Meridian. 


Right 
Ascen- 


Dfcl. 


d. h. m T. M. i. 






tion 










tion. 










D First Qr 


6 9 33 




























































O Full Moon.. 14 3 






A. 7/1. 


A. 


m. 


3 / 


k. 




A. m 












fl Last Qr. 


. . .23 22 53 


Merc. 


A Mori 


i ing S^ar. 


11 


3m 


8 43 Nit 


50 


New Moon. 28 1 44 


? Venus 


Near 


the Sun, 


Near 


the 


Sun. 


4 Apogee .... 


6 5 Osemi-diam 


j Uars . 


1 44 


10 


27 AT 10 53 


1 


22 10 59 A 


T 7 29 






14 46".8 


If.Iupit i 


11 


40n 


! S 


25 


If 19 44 


11 Om 


8 37 Nli 


I 4 


?<l Perigee . 


. . .18 13 Osemi-diam 


Tj > alurii 


3 


5n 


i 33 


44 


S 


4 11 


2 3m 23 41 


S 4 32 










16 


13 


.3 


h|l LJran b 


4 


43 


1 


23 


N 


8 5 


3 47 


1 22 t 


J 8 2 
















Pole Slar 


on Meridian on the 


15th, A 


M., 3A. 25m 


58s. 


U. 




QUEBEC. 


HALIFAX, N. S. 


FREDERICTON, N. B. 




Sun. 


Twilight. 


Sun. 


Twilight. 


i 

Sun. 


Twilight. 





























































Sets. 




















"5 


Kites. 




Sets. 


Begins. 


Ends. 


K-MSS. 


Begins. 


Ends. 


RUeg. 


Sets. 


Beg 


ins. 


Ends. 


P 










A.M. 


PM 




A M. 


PM. 






A. 


M 




F.M. 




A. 7ft. 


A. 


m. 


h. m. 


A. 


m. 


A m 


A. 


m 


A. in 


A. m 


A. m. 


A. m 


A. 




I t 


A 


. m. 


1 


4 15 


7 


51 


2 23 


9 


43 


4 23 


7 


44 


2 43 


9 23 


4 18 


7 48 


2 


32 


9 


39 


10 


4 23 


7 


4S 


2 47 


9 


23 


4 2* 


7 


41 


3 u 


9 10 


4 25 


7 44 


2 


51 


s 


18 


23 


4 31 




7 


4J 


3 7 


8 


53 


4 38 


7 


i)3 


3 18 


8 48 


4 34 


7 38 


3 


11 


8 


55 


30 


4 43 


7 


2) 


3 26 


8 


34 


4 94 


7 


2; 


3 38 


8 23 


4 45 


7 27 


3 


3 


i 


8 


31 


Day. 


Sun Sets. 


A|>p. Noon, 


Sun s 


M.IOII S 


Moon s 


V|(Km 


Rises or 


Sets. 


TWILIGHT. 












Sill Will" 


Deciitmi u 


Age. 


Di-cl 


IIH 




























1 


(I 


,,., 


the Eq 


of 


North. 




tloii. 
























W.ek 


V r. 


too in. 


unU 


Tune. 












Ton 


nto. 


Montreal. 




Toronto. 


Montreal. 




























A. m. 


A. m. 


1 


B gins 


Knds. 


Rpsins 


Ends 






J} 


, (. m. 


(. M. 


A. m. 


ft 


o / 


D. 


O 


J 


Sets 


Sets. 
















r. 


1 


2 4 


i 


36 


i 3J 


12 5 


59 


17 53.3 


2.4 


6 49n 


8 21 a 


8 


25 a 


1 


2 49 


) 23 


2 


36 


3 36 


w. 


225 


6 


3 


6 37 12 5 


55 


17 37.8 


3.4 


2 53 


8 56 


8 57 


10 


3 6 


3 4 


i 


2 


55 


9 15 


Th. 


3 . Hi 




34 


6 3612 5 


5l|l7 22.1 


4.4 


1 1 


Is 


9 25 


9 


2i 


2 1 


3 22 


8 43 3 


14 


8 52 


F 


M s 


6 




6 34 12 5 


46 


17 6.1 


5.4 


5 01 


9 53 


9 


53 


W 


3 42 


* 19 3 


32 


8 29 


S. 




6 


31J6 32 12 5 


4) 


16 49.9 


6.4 


8 36 


10 23 


10 


21 






























S. 
M. 


6 

7 


a! 


.i 


2.) 
27 


6 3 3 12 5 
tt 23112 5 


32 ! 16 33.3 
2616 lli.5 


7.4 

8.4 


! 1 53 
14 31 


10 5( 
11 29 


10 
11 


51 
25 


lln the 15ih, Altair will ho 
in (he Meridian s-mn after 10 
( l-yrffi het ore 10. Scornio 


T. 


8 


221 


i 


6 


.; -11 12 5 


18 


l;i 59.4 


9.4 


16 3) 










lrsa|i|>earing The 


Milkyway 


W. 


1 


2 - 2 


(i 


2 


6 25 1 . 5 


111 


1.3 42.1 


10.4 


17 53 


07m 





02m 


s u heautilul object at this 


Tk.\ 




;23 


<i 


236 2412 5 


1 


15 2-1.5 


11.4 


8 1!) 


50 





43 


iea 














F. I 


i 


224 


6 


21 


6 22 12 4 


52 


1.3 6.7 


12.4 


17 47 


1 39 


1 


34 


The Eclipses 


of 


Jupiic.r g 


S. 1 

S. 13 


,J 


(i 

u 


2. 
18 


() 21 
6 \i 


12 4 

12 4 


4. 
31 


11 48.7 
14 40.3 


13.4 
14.4 


16 15 
13 44 


2 34 
3 32 


2 
3 


29 
28 


Satellites only hecoine visible 
owards the end of this month. 


M. 14 


2/; 


(i 


15 


6 ie 


.12 4 


20 


14 11.8 


15.4 


10 22 


4 37 


4 


34 


- 


~ ^,. 










-~^~ 


T. 15 


>28 


6 


14 


6 Ic 


. 12 4 


8 


13 53.1 


16.4 


6 IS 


KISPS. 

7 4) a 


Rises. 
7 42 a 


Eclipses of 


Jupiter s 


Satellites 


HMl 


2-29 


6 13 


6 14J12 3 


56 


13 3U 


17.1 


1 ; 


)3 


8 16 


8 


17 




M .T. Gmnvr. 




Toronto 


Th. 


i 


23:) 


6 11 


6 12 12 3 


43 


13 14.9 


18.4 


2 < 


,:., 


8 50 


8 


50 




d. h 


_ m c_ 




771. 


F. IS 
S. li, 


J31 
23-J 


6 10 
6 7 


6 10 12 3 3 
6 712 3 17 


1-2 5X4 
12 35.8 


19.4 

2.4 


7 16 

11 18 


9 26 
10 03 


9 
10 


25 
00 


ti. 


22nd 21 8 37.9 


Ifi 


52im 


S.2 


2336 6 


6 7J12 3 3 


12 16.0 


21.4 


14 : 


J5 


10 44 


10 


41 
















M. 21 


,346 5 


6 5 12 2 48 


n ;6.o 


2 


2.4 


6 54 


11 23 


11 


24 
















r. 22 


.356 36 312 23;) 


1.1 35.8 


23.4 


18 07 
























W. 


23! 23<^ 




1 


6 1 12 2 18 


11 15.4 


24.1 


18 08 


18m 





13m 
















Th.24 


376 


(i ( 


U-i 2 2 


10 54.9 


25.4 


17 01 


1 14 


1 


09 
















F. 2 


2385 58 


5 58 12 1 


45 


10 31.1 


2 


A 


14 n-2 


2 


2 


2 


07 
















S. 26 


:*> 5 56 


) 56 12 1 


2 10 13.2 


27.4 


11 56 


3 14 


3 


09 
















S. 27 


2435 5; 


5 53 12 1 


12 


9 52.1 


28.4 


8 26 


4 17 


4 


14 
















M . 2S 


241 5 5-2 


5 52 12 55 


9 3 3.9 


23.4 






Sets. 


SP(S. 
















T. 2 


2425 51 


") 50 12 37 


9 9.5 


0.9 


4 


34 


6 46 a 


6 


46 
















W. 


3 


2435 5 


5 49 12 20 


8 48.0 




1.9 


32 7 25 


7 


25 
















Th. 


31 


2445 48 


5 48 12 1 


8 26.3 


2.9 


3 23* 


7 53 


7 


53 

















24] 



SJEPTEMBEK HAS THIRTY DAYS. 



[184,8. 



SEPTEMBER.. 

Pomona now prefers her welcome suit, 
And brings her offering of luscious fruit,. 

To magnify our debt : 
The rosy apple bends the yielding twig ; 
The downy peach, the apricot, and fig, 

In tempting order set ; 

And last, not least, the product of the vine, 
Whose virtues stamp Pomona as divine. 



=2r This is the ninth Month of the year, though anciently the seventh : hence its name, 

Septem, and ember, from the rainy season usually commencing, at this period. Zodiacal sign 

JIBRA, the Balance. 



METEOROLOGICAL TABLE FOR SEPTEMBER. 



Mean Temperature. 

Mean Highest 

Vlean Lowest 



UPPER 
CANADA. 



Toronto. 



59.0 
82.9 
32.9 



LOWER 
CANADA. 



Nicolet. 



57.9 
76.6 



South 

of 
England. 



57.8 
76.0 
36.0 



Day 

of 

iMon 



Day of 
Week. 



REMARKABLE DAYS, &c. 



MEMORANDA. 



1 

2 

3 

4 

5 

6 

7 

8 

9 

10 

11 

12 

13 

14 

15 

16 

17 

18 

19 

20 

21 

22 

23 

24 

25 

26 

27 

28 

29 

30 



Erid. 

Sat. 

SUM. 

Mon. 

Tues. 

Wed. 

Thur. 

Frid. 

Sat. 

Sun. 

Mon. 

Tues. 

Wed. 

Thur. 

Frid. 

Sat. 

Sun. 

Mon. 

Tues. 

Wed. 

Thur. 

Frid. 

Sat. 

Sun. 

Mon. 

Tues. 

Wed. 

Thur. 

Frid. 

Sat. 



Queen Victoria visits Scotland, 1842. 
Great Fire of London, lt;66. 
\lth Sunday after Trinity. 
River Hudson discovered, 1609. 
The Boxer captured, 1814. 
Lafayette bom, 1757. 
Hannah More died, 1833. 
Montreal, Detroit, Michilimacinac, sur- 
[rendered to Britain, 1760, 
\2th Sunday after Trinity. 
Western & Niagara Dis. Assizes begin, 
[llth, Thomson poet,. born, 1700. 
C. J. Fox died, 1806. 
Moscow burnt, 1812. 
Malta taken, 1800. 
New York taken, 1776. 
13/A Sunday after Trinity. 
Quebec taken by Gen. Wolfe, 1759. 
London District Assizes begin. 
[19th, Lord Sydenham died, 1841. 
Sir Walter Scott died, 1832. 
Midland District Assizes begin. 
Battle of Assaye, i8()3. 
[4lh Sunday after Trinity. 
Felicia Hemans born, 1794. 
Gore District Assizes- begin. 
Nelson born, 1758. 
Second Voyage of Columbus,, 1493. 
Michaelmas. 
Whittield died, 1770. 



1848.] 


SEPTEMBER BEGINS ON FRIDAY. 


[25 
















1st of SEPTEMBER. 


15th of 


SEPTEMBER. 


MOON S PHASES. 


THE 




























d. A. 7/1. T. M. T. 


PLANETS 


K.glit 
Meridian. Ascen- 


Decl. 


Meridian. 


Right 
Ascen 


Decl. 


D First Qr. 


. 5 3 26 










ion. 










sion. 






O Full Moon. 12 11 






















































C Last Qr. 


..19 4 40 








A. m. A. 


m. 


o / 


A. 7/1. 


A. 7/1. 


o 





New Moon. 26 16 18 


Merc . 


near the Sun. 






37 


12 16 


S 


1 9 


d Ano^ee. 


...3 Osemi-diam. 


? Venus. 


an Even ing S 


ar. 




51 


12 31 


S 2 10 




* o 




14 


45".4 


$ Mars . 


55 11 


39 


N 


3 " 


33 


12 12 


S 33 


d Perigee. 


. . .14 22 Osemi-diam 


l^Jupit i 


10 


5m 8 


52 


N\8 f 


9 24 


9 3 


N17 24 




CJ- 




16 


27".0 


*? Saturn 56m 23 


37 


S 


5 Oil 53 


23 33 


S 5 28 


([ Apogee. 


. . .30 17 Osemi-diam 


JJfUran s 2 40 1 


21 


N 


7 M 


[ 1 


43m 


1 20 


N 7 44 








14 


43".0 


Neptune. 


































Pole Star on Meridian on the 


15th, A 


.M., 1A. 24/n. 20s. 


U. 








QUEBEC. 


HALIFAX, N. S. 


FREDER1CTON, 


N. 


B. 




Sun. 


Twilight. 


Sun. 


Twilight. 


Sun. 


Twilight. 


QJ 

*- 


Rises. 


Sets, 


Begins. 


Ends. 


Rises. 


Sets. 


Begins. 


Ends. 


Rises. 


Sets. 


Begins 


Ends. 


Q 




A.M. 


PM. 






A.M. 


P.M. 






A. 


M , 


P.M. 




A. 7/1. 


A. m. 


A. m. 


A. m. 


A. m. 


A. 7/1. 


A. 7/1. 


A. 7/1. 


A. 7/1. 


A. 7/1. 


A. 


m. 


A 


. m. 


1 


5 25 


6 35 


3 30 


8 29 


5 28 


6 32 


3 38 


8 21 


5 26 


6 33 


3 


33 


8 


26 


10 


5 36 


6 17 


3 46 


8 8 


5 39 


6 16 


3 52 


8 1 


5 37 


6 16 


3 


is 


8 


5 


20 


5 50 


5 56 


4 


7 46 


5 50 


5 56 


4 7 


7 39 


5 50 


5 56 


4 


4 


7 


43 


30 


6 2 


5 37 


4 17 


7 23 i 


6 2 


5 38 


4 20 


7 20 


6 2 


5 37 


4 


18 


7 


22 


Day. 


Sun Sets. 


A PP N, 


>on. 


Sun s 


Moon s 


Moon s 


Woon 


Rises or Sets. 


TWILIGHT. 










shewing 


Declina i 


Age. 


Declina 




















Week. 




r 


i- 


Mon 


the Eq. 


of 


Norl h. 






tion 














Toronto. 


Montreal. 


Y rs 


ronto. 


treal. 


Tune 




JSouih. 










Toronto. 


Montreal. 






























Sets. 


Sets. 


"a 






Bfgmc. 








D. 


//. 


7/1. 


A. m. 


A. m. 


S. 


o / 


D. 


/ 




A. HI. 


h. 


m. 




Begins. 


? .nds. 


Hilda. 


F . 


i 


245 


li 


30 


6 33 


11 59 


4.2 


8 4.5 


3.9 


7 


<i 


8 24 a 


8 22 a 






















S. 2 


246 


6 


28 


6 30 


11 59 


23 


7 42." 


4.9 


10 30 


8 55 


8 52 


I 


3 41 > 


< 19 


3 


35 


8 24 


S. 


> 


247 


6 


27 


6 29 


11 59 


04 


7 20.5 


5.9 


13 24 


9 27 


9 23 


10 


3 55 


58 


. 


5(< 


8 3 


M. 4 


248 


6 


25 


6 27 


11 58 


44 


6 58.4 


6.9 


15 1 I 


10 04 


10 00 


20 


4 87 38 


1 


3 


7 44 


T. 5 


249 


6 


23 


6 24 


11 58 


24 


6 36.0 


7.9 


17 21 


10 44 


10 39 


30 


4 217 19 


I 


18 


7 21 


\V. 

Th. 


6250 
7 2.~>1 


6 


21 

20 


6 22 
li 22 


11 58 
11 57 


04 
44 


6 13.7 
5 51.] 


8.9 
9.9 


18 10 

18 05 


11 20 


11 24 


On the 15ih, there are few 
conspicuous stars near the 


F. 


8 


252 


(, 


18 


6 19 


11 57 


24 


& 28.5 


10.9 


17 02 


19m 


15 m 


meridian at 10 


Aliair, o 


S. 9 
S. 10 


253 
254 


(, 
6 


16 
15 


6 17 
6 16 


11 57 
11 56 


03 

42 


5 5.9 
4 43.1 


11.9 
12.9 


15 00 
12 02 


1 16 

2 12 


1 12 

2 14 


Lyr^, and Alphacca will be 
visible to the west. The Plei 
adrs and Aldebaran rising. 


M. 11 


255 


6 


12 


6 13 


11 56 


21 


4 20.2 


13.9 


8 15 


3 23 


3 20 










o 


T. 12 


256 





11 


6 12 


11 56 


00 


3 56.3 


149 


3 52 


4 32 
Rises. 


4 30 
Rises. 


Eclipses of 


Jupiter s 


Satellites. 


W.13 


2576 


9 


6 10 


11 55 


39 


3 34.3 


15.9 


49n 


6 48 a 


6 47 a 


M. T. Greenw 




Toronto. 


Th. 14 


258 


(i 


b 


6 7 


11 55 


18 


3 11.3 


16.9 


5 32 


7 25 


7 24 


d, A. m, S. 


A. in. 


F. 15 


259 


(i 


5 


6 6 


11 54 


57 


2 47.1 


17.9 


9 53 


8 03 


8 00 


I. 4th 21 27 38 


I610im 


S. 16 


260 


(i 


4 


6 5 


11 54 


36 


2 24.9 


18.9 


13 31 


8 43 


8 40 


11 23-20554 


1804im 


S. 17 


261 


ii 


1 


6 2 


11 54 


15 


2 00.7 


19.9 


16 14 


9 27 


9 22 


201943 44 


1426im 


M. 18 


262 


6 





6 


It 53 


54 


1 37.4 


20.9 


17 50 


10 16 


10 11 




27-2136422 


I620im 


T. 19 


263 


5 


58 


5 58 


11 53 


33 


1 14.1 


21.9 


18 13 


U H 


11 


5 


[I. 


232043 1 


II 


1526im 


^.20 


264 


5 


56 


5 57 


11 53 


11 


51.8 


22917 26 










302317322 


ISOlim 


TA.21 


265 


5 


55 


5 55 


11 52 


51 


27.4 


23.9 15 37 


07m 


02m 


IIL242015448 


14 59em 


F. 22 


266 


5 


53 


5 53 


11 52 


30 


5.0 


24.9 13 00 


1 07 


1 03 


I V.I 8 22 12 27 7 


16 55 im 


S. 23 


2f>7 


5 


51 


5 51 


11 52 


09 


o 18.4 


25.9 


9 42 


2 08 


2 05 














S. 24 


268 


5 


50 


5 50 


11 51 


49 


41.8 


26.9 5 57 


3 09 


3 06 














M. 25 


269 


5 


47 


5 47 


11 51 


28 


1 5.2 


27 9 2 02 


4 11 


4 09 














T. 26 


70 


5 


45 


5 45 


11 51 


08 


1 28.6 


28.9 1 54 


5 12 


5 11 














W.27 


271 


5 


44 


5 43 


11 50 


48 


1 52.0 


0.3 


A 




Sets. 


Sets, 














TA.28 


272 


5 


41 


5 41 


11 50 


28 


2 15.4 


J 


.3 5 43s 


6 25 a 


6 23 a 














F. 29 


273 


5 


40 


5 39 


11 50 


09 


2 38.8 


2.3 9 17 


6 54 


6 52 


nearest approach of Ve 


S. 30 


274 


5 


38 


5 38 


11 49 


49 


3 2.2 


3.3 


12 16 


7 26 


7 22 


nus and Mercury. 



26] 



OCTOBER HAS THIRTY-ONE I>AYS. 



[1848, 



OCTOBER. 

This is the month when Canada displays 
A henuiy unexampled, t,> the gaze 

O/ all who brant y prize. 
Tne Cores! now assumes a gorgeous dress, 
Composed of eveiy form of loveliness, 

And steeped in u chcsi di. s 
A beauteous p.ill on all the landscape spread, 
A softened hvi.zy yellow light is shed, 
Anil ge-nlie breezes whisper " Summer s dead." 



ffl October in the vear of Rornuliw was strictly what its name implies, the eighth month 
With us U is the tenth ; sign Jfi the -Zodiac, SCORPIO, the Scorpion. 



METEOROLOGICAL TABLE FOR OCTOBER. 



Mean Temperature... 

Mean Highest 

Mean Lowest. . 



UPPER 
CANADA. 



I oronto. 



44.0 
67.9 
21 4 



LOWKR 

CANADA. 



IVicolet. 



41 3 
62 3 



Sotilh 

of 
England. 



52.7 

68. 

27. 



First snow of the season falls at 
Nicolet, on the average, October 
27 ; at Toronto, Oct. 21. 



Day 

of 

VI on 



1 
2 
3 
4 
5 
6 
7 
8 
9 

10 
11 
12 
13 
14 
15 
16 
17 
18 
19 
20 
21 
22 
23 
21 
23 
2f> 
27 
28 
2!) 
3) 
31 



Day of 
week. 



Sun. 

Mou. 
Ttif-s. 
Wed. 
Thur. 
Frid. 
Sal. 

Sun. 

Mon. 

Tin s. 

Wed. 

Thu:-. 

Frid. 

Sat. 



REMARKABLE DAYS, &c. 



\.) h Sunday af. er T; n , ?/. 
Johiislown Oisinct Assizes begin. 
Uisuicl CouiK-ils meet. 
PiincL Edvvaid District Assizes begin. 
iiorne Di-tiict As^izs b -gin. 
i>oiiis i uiliijie b-nii, 17T3. 
Zira.nerru in du-d, 17 )J. 
ilk Sundiy after Tr.nify. fbecin- 
Has , -in i/istrict Asiizo* 
vV est. born, I7J-:. 

, 1432. 



TlleS. 

Wed. 
Thur. 



Sim 

Mon. 
Tues. 
Wed. 
Thur. 
Frid. 
Sat. 



Mon. 
Tues. 



I 74J 

J. iie.al l;rock. killed, 1812. 
;> itil,- of Jr-na. 1 Su!i. 
[ il. i SIL : ! d j nf :> Tiinlty. 
No \\cftil I? ii.nl Gli.iwn iJistiict Assizes 
[lic^in. Ko^cuisko ditd, 1817. 
i attle ol Leijisic. 1N13. 

i ncoe Disiiid As*izi j s b. ^in. 
.) ilhousie Disli ict Absizes begin. 

NcUon, died, 180"). 
IS/A Si.ni ly lifter T-initij. 
i)isirict Court Term b gm. Colbnrne 
[Disirict Assizes begin.] 

[ 4th, Chaucer died, 14).). 
o.ilhurst District As-MZt s begin. 
: apt. Cook, bom, I 72^. 
District Court Term ends. 
1 j /i Sunrl- y -:flfr T imhj. 
Jr. Ciirtwright died. 1823. 
Fall of Pumpeluna, 1813 



MEMORANDA. 



1848*] 



OCTOBER BEGINS ON SOUJAY. 



[2T 



MOON S PHASES. 

d. h. m. 

D First Qr... 4 20 43 T.M.T. 
O Full Moon. 11 2 38 

Last Qr ...18 13 10 

New Moon . 26 9 29 

Perigee, ...13 2 



THE 
PLANETS 



Apogee 28 3 



Oserr.i-tliam.j 
16 38".2 

Oseini-diam.! 
14 4i".4 



$ iMWc . 
? Venus. 
S Mars . 



1st OF OCTOBER. 



.Meridian 



h. m. 
An Evt 

An Evt 



8 
8 30 n, 
llO 46 
I L T rail s! 38 



K. 4:111 
.A >cen- 

niilll. 



h. m. 
uiiigSt 
niiig Si 
,2 50 

9 15 
23 29 

1 18 



15th or OCTOBER. 



Right 

Mi riilhui, Asci n- 



ar. 

ar. 



4 48 

A 1 6 3:; 

S 5 5t. 

W 7 31 



16 
13 



//. 7/1. 

14 54 
14 50 



11 46 m 1 3 28 
7 47 mi 9 23 
9 47 

11 37 



23 25 
1 15 



Decl, 



S 19 17 
16 29 

S 8 45 
I 5 53 

S617 

N 1 17 



Pole Star on Meridian on the I5ih, I .M., 11A. 2tt/. .^9. U 



C5 

ft 



1 

10 
20 
3.) 



QUEBEC. 



Sun. 



Rispp. 



h. m. 
(i 4 
6 19 
6 31 
6 54 



h. m. 
5 35 
5 15 
4 59 
4 41 



Twilight. 



A.M. 



h. m 
4 18 
4 31 
4 44 
4 57 



End? 
r.M. 



h. in. 

7 21 

1 3 

6 45 

6 2.) 



HALIFAX, N.S. 



Sun. 



Rises. 



h. m. 
6 3 
6 16 
6 28 
6 40 



Seta. 



h. m. 
5 56 
5 17 
5 2 
4 45 



Twili- lit, 



B-gina. 
A.M. 



h. m. 
4 21 
4 33 
4 45 
4 56 



Hilda. 

P.M. 



h. m. 
7 18 
7 I 
6 44 
6 2i) 



FREDKKICTOX, N.B. 



Sun. 



Rises Sets. 




Twilight. 



Hejfins. 
A M. 



h. in. 
4 19 
4 31 

4 46 

5 5 



finds. 

P.M. 



h m. 
7 20 
7 2 
6 43 
6 21 



Day, 



I l,i , .l.ii 

Week.) Y rJromo. in.il. 



s. 

M. 

T. 
W. 

n. 

F. 

S. 



2765 

277 3 



D. h.m. 
36 [5 
315 
33) 
31 ji 
2> 
27 
2.; 
24 



Sun Sets, | A pp. Noon, Sun s 

slicwiii. Ucclinir. n 
i In; Ki|. 01 i Sou h. 
TiniP. 



m. /i. 
36 1 1 
3411 



2735 
2.30:5 



7 281 5 
S. 8|2S25 
M. 9 i 283 5 22 
T. 10|2.>U 5 21 
2.X55 U 



:!. 

3! 

2- 



25 



2.) 



i.12 286 5 

S. 14|2*S5 
S. 15|295 
M 16 ; 2U5 
T. 172.M 5 



5 17 



17.5 
15 5 



1511 






6 
r/i.l j .2J35 5 



5 1-j 
5 10 

5 >^ 

7 

1 



771. S. 

4,) 31 
4J 1^ 
43 53 
43 35 
43 18 
43 i 
47 43 
47 2 
47 II 
46 55 
46 4 

46 25 
11 46 II 
1 1 45 57 



.S. 21 
S. 22 
M. 23 
T. 2-1 



29 V 5 2") 





58 



;>( 



4 51 



53|4 
52 t 

5 1 4 
414 



50 



45 4-! 
45 3. 
45 2 
45 
44 5 
41 4? 
44 3> 
44 3 
44 2 



11 44 1; 



U 



W. 25 299 4 56 4 52 

ZTk.263004 5 l!4 51 

F. 27|3)14 

S. 283024 

jg. 29 303,4 

M. 30 ! 3014 

T. 3li3054 47j4 43|ll 43 45 



11 

IS; 11 

46J 11 
45; II 



44 () 

44 

43 5 

-13 5 



o 

3 25 
3 

12.0 
35 
58 
5 21 

5 4t 

6 07.3 
6 

<J 52. 

7 15.5 



43 50 
43 47 



7 
8 
H 
8 
9 
9 
9 

10 

10 

1 

i] 
11 

12 

> 

3 

. i 
L3 

i 1 
1 1 



37.1 
00. ( 

22. y 

45.1 

07 . 2 

51.1 

12.7 
31.3 
5 ) . ( 

37 
58 
10 
40. < 

00 
20 
40 



loon s 



ill 
Soon. 



D. 
4. 
5. 
6. 
7.3 
8.3 
M.3 
1 ).3 
11.3 
12.3 
13.3 
14.3 



Declina- 

IIDII. 



Moon UISPS or Sels 



14 56s 

16 5.) 

17 58 

18 15 
17 37 
16 04 
13 35 
lO 15 

6 11 



3 lO/i 



15.3 7 51 
16.311 59 
17.315 16 
|. <-3 17 21 



1J.3 
2). 3 
21-3 
22.3 
23.3 
24-3 



00.0 
19 5] 



20 3 

27.3 

23 

29.3 


\.(. 
2.6 
3.6 



18 15 
17 50 
1 i 20 
1351 
48 

7 12 

3 22n 
30s 

4 26 

8 06 



!l 24 
14 II 

16 21 

17 48 



4.618 23 



Sets. 
//. m. 
8 2 

8 37 

9 23 

11 

1 04 



M n 




2 in 

3 

8 
17 
28 
Rises. 

5 55 a 

6 33 



7 

8 

9 

10 

K) 



19 
9 

2 
1 



1 OJpj 

2 6 



5 53 a 

6 31 

7 15 

8 5 

8 57 

9 55 

10 55 

11 5S 



2rt; 

1 3 

2 5 

3 4 

4 2 

5 1 
Sets. 

5 28 a 
i) 1 

6 33 

7 20 

8 5 



TWILIGHT. 



Toronto. Montreal 






t 2 

1 3 

-1 4: 

4 a-:, 



vnisJF 

? 

7 

; 44 

J 27 



4 2i< 

4 32 

4 45 

5 S 



7 1 

r 

6 4 



in ilie KI h, alxmi 45 firm 

III ll ili/.. , Will lip SCUII l 

s;,-irs lor >i. D ; ;i squnre. Shuu 
Ij3 " gus. 1 iiml A!|ilier:!f, [ 
Andrii:ii!iP| tiirin I lie Nori 
e; M-irKaU \a 1 igiijsi] an 

L;<!:I:!) 17 P. a;is!] ilip. So 

-ill- I. >V." I ll \ n. illlit lO 111 

\V.s .it i|,B nitrulmn, ia tl 
I)H . I|. SnU liiTii sliir Kornvi 

Inur [a I HC. Ans r.l Tl; li 
<\ he poi-ilcis cnrru d hcyon 
Ihi- I ll", ji tis^s ;ii li; - d sii 
<lir..usli Schmi, und 13= Cu 
li;-r ili,-oiig:i Markab. 



1 OOr 

2 3 

3 4 

4 2 

5 2 
Sets. 

5 25 a 

5 57 

6 33 

7 15 

8 



aclipsss of Jupiter s Sasllile 

SI. T. Gfp.eiiw, Toronto 
rf. //. m. s. h. m. 
1.13th 1^52 5.5 14 35 in 
2,121 45 26.2Ufi28in 
20 18 fi59.fi 12 50 im 
11.25 018 47.0 1 5 02 im 
Tit. 1 2:143 12.4!l526im 
IV. 52J4712.8[1530im 



28] 



NOVEMBER HAS THIRTY DAYS. 



[1848 



NOVEMBER. 

Now a rude trumpet sounds upon the ear, 
And boldly speaks of winter coming near 

With ail h-.s bitter storms; 
The vanguard of his army is at hand, 
And nothing can restrain the ardent band 

That with his banner forms! 
Then not to arms ! but armour, let us fly f 
And not oar powder, but our feet, keep dry. 



f This month, whose Zodiacal sign is SAGITTARIUS, the Archer, is, in common with some 
of the other months, indebted for its name to Romulus, with whom it was the ninth month 
t is now the eleventh month. 



METEOROLOGICAL TABLE FOR NOVEMBER. 



VIean Temperature . . . . 

dean Highest 

VIean Lowest 



UPPER 
CANADA. 



Toronto. 



35.6 
57.4 
11.4 



LOWER 
CANADA. 



Nicolet. 



32.3 

46.2 



South 
of 

England. 



48.1 
62.0 

2a.o 



Sleighing begins on the average 
at Nicolet, November 25th. 



Day 

of 

Mon 



1 
2 
3 
4 
5 
6 
7 
8 
9 

10 
11 
12 
13 
14 
15 
16 
17 
18 
19 
20 
21 
22 
23 
24 
25 
26 
27 
28 
29 
30 



Day of 
Week. 



Wed. 

Thur. 

Fi-id. 

Sat. 

Sun. 

Mon . 
Tues. 
Wed. 

Thur. 
Fricl. 

Sat. 

Sun, 

Mon. 

Tues. 

Wed. 

Thur. 

Frid. 

Sat. 

Sun. 

Mon. 

Tues. 

Wed. 

Thur. 

Fnd. 

Sat. 

Sun. 

Mon. 

Tues. 

Wed. 

Thur. 



REMARKABE DAYS, &c. 



Prov. Nor. School, com. in Toronto 1847 
lnsurre( tion in Lower Canada, 1838. 
Princess Sophia born, 17/7. 

[5th, Sir J. Colborne, Lt. Gov., 1828 
Oi/i Sunday after Tiiniiij. 
Michaelmas Term begins. 
Battle of Tippecanoe, 1811. 
Milton died. 1674. 
Prince of Wales born, 1841. 
Luther born. 1483. 
Battle of Williamsburg, 1813. 
\st Sunday after Trinity. 
Sympathizers at Prescott, 1838. 
Herschel born, 1738. 
Battle of Arcole, 1796. 
James Ferguson died, 1776. 
Battle ot Chrysler s Farm, 1813. 
Michaelmas Term ends. 
2 ind Sunday after Trinity. 
W olsey died, 1530. 
Quarter Sessions and Dis. Court com. 

[21st, Princess Royal born, 1840. 
Lieut. Weir murdered-, 1837. 
John Knox died, 1572. 
Battle of St. Charles, 1837. 
23rd Sunday after Trinity. 
Princess Mary Adelaide born^ T833. 
Battle of Bexar, 1835, 
Court of Appeal sits. 
St. Andrew. 



MEMORANDA. 































\ 


1848.] 


NOVEMBER BEGINS 


ON 


WEDNESDAY. [39 












THE 

PLANETS 


1st or NOTEMBER. 


15th OF NOTEMBEJB. 


AfnfW S PTTASFS 
























d. h. m. T. M. T. 


Meridian. 


Right 
Ancen- 

t KI 11. 


Dec!. 


Meridian. 


Kight 
Ascen- 
tion. 


Decl. 


J) First Qr 


.312 3fi 






























O Full Moon.. 10 8 18 






A. 


771. 


A. 


m. 


1 


A. m. 


A. m. 







, 


d Last Qr. 


...17 1 30 






$ Merc. 


An 


Eve 


ningSl 


ar. 




A. Morn 


n g 


Si 


ar. 


New Moon. 25 4 13 






? Venus. 


An 


Eve 


nitiij Si 


ar. 




1 51 


17 31 


S24 40 


d Perigee . 


. . .10 13 Oserm-diam 


$ Mars 


11 23m 


4 


11 


512 5C 


11 6m 


14 46 


5 15 50 


d Apogee . 


16 4 4 i.2 
...24 6 Osemi-diam 


If Jupit r 
J? Saturn 


6 46 
8 37 


9 
23 


32 
22 


"s 


L5 17 
6 3? 


5 59 
7 41 


9 37 
23 21 


N 14 57 
S 6 38 






14 


41 


".is 


J [Trail s 


10 27 


1 


13 


N 


7 i 


9 30 


1 11 


N 6 52 












.veptune. 




































Pole Star on 


Meridian on the 15th, P. M., 9A. 24m 


. 30s. U. 






QUEBEC. 


HALIFAX, N. S. 


FREDERICTON, N. 


B. 




Sun. 


Twilight. 


Sun. 


Twilight. 


Sun. 


Twilight. 


ej 
"ia 


Rises, 


Sets. 


Begins. 


Ends, 


Rises. 


Sets. 


Begins. 


Ends. 


Rises. Sets. 


Begin*. 


Ends. 


ft 






A.M. 


p 


M. 






A.M 




P.M. 




A.M. 


P.M. 




h. m. 


A. m. 


A. m. 


A. 


m. 


A. 771. 


A. m. 


A. 


M, 


A, m 


A. 771. A. 771 


A. 


77J. 


A. 771. 


1 


6 49 


4 39 


5 


6 


27 


6 44 


4 43 


5 





6 28 


6 47 4 41 


5 


1 


6 27 


10 


.7 .2 


4 26 


5 12 


6 


16 


6 56 


4 32 


5 10 


6 18 


70 4 29 


5 


1! 


6 17 


20 


7 16 


4 16 


5 26 


6 


8 


7 10 


4 22 


5 22 


6 10 


7 14 4 18 


5 


23 


6 9 


30 


7 30 


4 8 


5 35 


6 


3 


7 23 


4 15 


5 34 


6 4 


7 27 4 11 


5 


34 


6 4 


Day. 


Sun Sets. 


App. Noon, 


Sun s Moon s 


Minn s 


Moon 


Rises or 


Sets. 


TWILIGHT. 










shewing 


Deciinat n Age 


Declina 




























J 


o- Mon- 


ihe Eq. 


of 


South. ,11 


tion. 
























Week. 


Y r, 


ronto. 


treal . 


Time 




jNoon . 






Toronto. 


Montreal. 


Toronto. 


Montreal. 






























Sets. 


Sets. 


G3 
















D. 


/;. 


m. 


h. m. 


A. 771. 


S. 


D. 


O 




A. 771. 


A. m. 


^ Begins, 1 


inds. 


Begins. 


Ends. 


W. 

Th. 

S. 


J 
M 
4 
5 


J06 
307 
308 
309 
310 


1 
t 

1 
1 
1 


46 
45 
43 
42 
41 


4 42 
4 41 
4 40 
4 38 
4 3fi 


11 43 
11 43 
11 43 
11 43 
11 43 


44 
43 
44 
45 

47 


14 38.7 
14 57.7 
15 16.5 
15 34.9 
15 53.2 




6 

7 
8 
9 


.6 
6 

(i 
6 


18 S 

:6 57 
14 53 
11 59 

8 20 


8 55 a 
9 50 
10 48 
U 51 


8 50 a 
9 45 
10 45 
11 48 


1 5 06 28 
10 5 106 18 
20 5 21 6 11 
30 5 31 6 7 


5 
5 
5 
5 



7 
23 
34 


6 27 
6 22 
6 9 
6 4 


AC 


6 


311 


4 


394 3511 43 


50 


16 11.2 10 


6 


4 06s 


56m 


55m 














T. 


7 


312 


1 


38 4 34 1 1 43 


53 


16 28.9 


11 


6 


32/i 


2 4 


2 


3 














W. 


8 


313 


1 


37 


4 32 


11 43 


58 


16 46.3 


12.6 


5 18 


3 14 


3 15 


On the 15th. a 


Arietes, 


a star 


Th.. 


M 


314 


1 


36 


4 31 


11 44 


03 


17 03.4 


13.6 


.9 50 


4 27 


4 28 


>fthe third 


magnitude, passes 


F 1 


II 


31 fS 


I 


35 


4 31 


11 44 


9 


17 20.2 


14 


.6 


3 43 


5 41 


5 44 


he meridian soon alter 10, it 




























Rises. 


Rises. 


s in a line 


from 


Belcquese (ft 


S. 11 

S. 12 


316 
317 


1 

1 


34 
32 


4 29 

4 27 


11 44 
11 44 


16 

24 


17 36.8 
17 53.0 


15 
16 


6 
6 


6 35 

8 10 


5 55 a 
6 48 


5 50 a 

6 43 


Ori nis,] through 
10 from the tail. 


Aldebaran 


M. 13 


318 


1 


31 


4 27 


11 44 


33 


18 09.0 


17 


6 


18 20 


7 46 


7 41 














T. 14 


319 


1 


31 


4 26 ill 44 


42 


18 24.6 


18 


.6 


7 15 


{ 


\ 48 


8 43 














W.lb 


3<!0 


1 


30 


4 25 1 1 44 


53 


18 39.8 


19 


.6 


l.i 04 


9 51 


9 47 




.xv^-w.^. 


- 





- ^ 




Th.lG 




1 


29 


4 2311 45 


04 


18 54.8 


20.6 


12 06 


10 53 


10 50 














F. ] 


7 


322 


1 


28 


4 22 1 1 45 


16 


19 09.4 


21 


.6 


8 36 


11 


L 56 


11 54 














S 18 
S Hi 
M. 20 


323 
324 

325 


4 
1 

\ 


27 
26 
25 


4 21 11 45 
I 21 11 45 
4 2011 45 


29 
43 

58 


19 23.7 22.6 
19 37.6 23.6 
19 51.2 24.6 


4 46 
48?i 
3 07. t 


58m 
1 57 


57m 
1 56 


Eclipses of Jupiter s Satellites. 

M. T. Greenvv. Toronto. 


T. 21 


326 


4 


244 1 


11 46 


1320 04.4 25.6 


6 54 


2 55 


2 56 


I 5th 20 0118 


1443im 


W. 22 
Th.23 
F. 24 


328 
329 


4 

1 
t 


23 
23 
22 


4 16 
4 1* 
4 I t 


11 46 
11 46 
11 47 


2820 17.2 26.6 
462029.7 27.6 
)!20 41.8 28.6 


10 20 
13 20 
15 47 


3 52 
4 51 
5 58 


3 54 
4 54 
6 2 


12215321.3 
2820 752.0 
II 1 22 53 44 2 


1636im 
1451 im 

17 . 7im 


S. 25 330 


! 


21 


4 Ic 


11 47 


2320 53.5 


29.6 








Sets. 


Sets 


191722 7.2 


1205im 


S. 26331 


4 


214 U 


11 47 


4221 04.8 


0.8 


17 -30 


5 18 a 


5 


12 a 


26 1957 34.5 


14 41 im 


M. 27 33-2 


4 


204 14 11 48 


0221 15.7 


1 


.8 


18 26 




i 


3 


6 


06 


III. 620 


449.1 


I448em 


T. 2 
W.VS 

ITi. di 


333 
334 
1335 


4 
4 
4 


20 
20 
19 


4 I/ 

4 i: 

4 li 


111 48 
HI 48 
J11 49 


4421 36!s 
7:21 46.0 


2.8 
3.8 

4.8 


18 29 
17 38 
15 54 a 




6 50 
7 44 
8 41 


b 

7 
8 


43 

3.1 
36 


1320 
IV.2422 


30 0.1 
722.1 


15 13im 
16501m 



30} DBCEMBI3K HAS THERTY-O*E I>AYS. [18*8. 




DECEMBER. 


Now pile the hearth, and let the ruddy light 
To thoughts of joy and merriment invile, 


For Christmas time is near 


Let every breast vi iih warmer feelings fill, 


To meet the coldness of the icy chill 


That marks the dying year. 


Hand roum 


1 tan wine, and eie it be too late. 


A bumpber fill to< Eighteen forty-ei^ht. 


YJ C APRicoRNus. the Goat, is the Zodiacal Sign of this the Twelfth and last Month of our 
year, though tenth ol the Romans. 


METEOROLOGICAL TABLE FOR DECEMBER. 


UPPER 


LOWEH g ou ,h 


CANADA. 


CANADA. 




of 


Toronto. 


Nicolet. England. 


o 





Mean Temperature.... 27.4 


17.2 45.1 St. Lawrence freezes at Lake St. 


Mean Highest 4/s J 


FL,T: /-\ Dt i U 1 \ 


Mean Lowest 


2 


*^j.v/ i eier on me average, .December |^. 
8.9 17.0 Toronto Bay Iree^es December 12. 




Day 


Dav of 








ot 
Mon 


Week. 


REMARKABLE DAYS, &c. 


MEMORANDA. 


1 


Frid. 


Battle of Auslerlitz, 18)5. 




2 


Sat. 


\iipoleon downed, 1804. 




3 


Sdlt. 


ddvsnt Still lay. 


[Chancery site 




4 


Mon. 


Pi&iiict Cotwt 1 enm be-ins. Court c 




5 


Tues. 


>ia,-slul Key shot. i8i; ji 




(5 


Wed. 


5 idney beheaded, 1683. 




7 


Thur. 


Kouels defeated at J oronto, 1837. 




8 


Frid. 


[9th, Milton born, 1G08 




9 


Sat. 


i)i.strkt Court ends. 






10 


Sun. 


l-it iS. ulnii in Jtdv.nl 






11 


Mon. 


Chai-les luh killed, 1718. 




12 


TIK s. 


Or. Da r\\ in horn, 1733. 




13 


Wed. 


Dr. Johnson dird, 1784. 




14 


Thur. 


Washington died. 17J;). 




15 


Frid. 


St tustaahf destroyed, 1337. 




16 


Sat. 


Jourt ol L haneeiy rises. 




17 


Sun. 


ln-1. Sunday in .1, .vent. 




18 


Mon. 


ir 11. Davy born, 1778. 




19 


Tues. 


Battle of: .Niagara, l13. 




20 


Wed, 


.! ray born. 171b . 






21 


Thur. 


Hat le of. Feiozt pore. 1845- 




22 


Frid. 


i:giin;s Landed k.t Plymouth, 1620 




23 


Sat. 


X evvion bom. 1642 






L4 


Snil. 3>d Sunday in Jlducnt. 




25 


Mon. 


CHRISTMAS DAY. 






26 


Tues. 




rissa. 




27 


Wed. 


Belgian Independence acknowledged 




28 


Thur. 


[29th. Stafford executed, 1680. 




29 


Frid 


Coleridge born, 1772. 






30 


Sat. 


MurmonM died. 1799. 




31 


fi!r> I !!. . <r. ,:...! 01 T 







1848.] 


DECEMBER BEGIJYS O.V FItlOAY. [31 


















THE 

PLANETS 


1st OF 


DECEMBER. 


15th OF 


DECEMBER. 


MOON 


S PHASES. 
































r/. A 


. 771. 






.Meridian. 


u 
A 


cen- 


Decl. 


Meridian. 


Right 

AsCMI- 


Decl. 


J> First Qr. 




3 


2 49 T. M. T. 






lion. 












uon. 






O F 


ull Moon. . 


9 18 27 


























d Last Qr. . . . 

@ New Moon 
<J Perigee.... 


16 17 56 
24 23 5 
9 1 Osemi-diam 
16 41" 


? Merc . 
? Venus. 
$ .Via is . 


/;. 7/i. n. in. 
A. Moin .ing S 
An Eve.ning 8 
10 47m 15 3o 


If. 

ir. 
V 19 1 


A. 771. A. 771. 

10 58m 16 36 
2 33 J20 1:2 
10 34m 16 2 


O i 

S21 48 
S22 5. 
S21 1 


C Apogee 


21 13 Osemi-diam 

14 A-> R 


y.lupit i 
7 alun 


4 56m 
6 3^ 


9 
23 


4; 

21 


V 14 444 
S 6 3 5 44 


9 40 
23 23 


jVl 
8 


4 4L 

6 ?.: 




.ep;i 


1 1 ." 


8 26 


1 


y 


V 


6 4i 


7 


30 




1 8 


N 


6 38 


















Pole Star on 


Mericliafl on the 15lh, P. M., 


7A. 26/Ti 


. i4s. r 




QUEBEC. 


HALIFAX, 


N. S. 


FREDERICTON, 


N. 


B. 




gun. 


wil*,,. 


Sun. 


Twilight. 

j 


SU41. 


Twilight. 


n 
- 


BUM, 


Sets. 


Begins. 

A.M. 


End*. 

V M. 


Rises. 


Sers. 


A M. 


Ends. 
P.M 


Rises, 


Sets. 


Begins 

A.M. 


Ends. 

P.M. 


1 

10 
20 


A. m 
7 31 
7 41 
7 48 
7 52 


ll 
4 
4 
4 
4 


771. 
7 

6 

8 
15 


A. m. 
5 36 
5 45 
.-) 51 
5 55 


A. 
6 
6 
6 
6 


7/1. 

3 
2 
5 

n 


A 771 

7 24 
7 33 
7 40 
7 44 


A 7/1. 

4 15 
4 13 
4 16 
4 23 


A m . 
5 29 
5 41 
5 47 
o 51 


A. 7/1. 

6 10 
6 5 
6 9 
6 15 


A 771. 

7 28 
7 38 
7 45 
7 48 


A. 77i. 

4 11 
4 9 
4 H 

4 18 


A. 771. 

5 35 

5 43 
5 50 
5 55 


A. 771. 

6 4 
6 3 
6 6 
6 11 


Day. 


Sun Sets. 


! A|>|>. NIIOM, 

SlieWllljr 


Sun s 
Dtrlihiu i, 


Moon * 


MllOll s 


.Moon 


Rises or Scir 




J 


u 


II.IGHT. 








mat u 


.1 !> 


Hie Eq 


id 


iSouih. 


HI 
























Week 




YY 


> tea 


Time, 




Noun. 
















































Turuntii. Muntrml 
































i 
















D 


i. 


771. 


A. 77! 


A. 771. 


<t 


1 






O 






-C13. 


feels. 


a 












F. 


1 




1 


18 


4 i; 


11 49 


30 


11 55.3 


5 


J 


13 19. 


il. in. 
9 40 a 


. in. 
9 -;6 a 





llcglll.-. 


i: 


nd.-. Ueg us. 


End: 


S. 2 
S. 3 

J/. 4 
T. 5 

(r. 6 


337 
338 
339 
340 
341 


1 
1 
1 
4 
| 


184 li 
I8[l li 

18 i j-. 

\b i 1 1 


11 49 
11 50 
11 5. J 
11 51 
11 5L 


53 
I , 

41 

06 

3 - 


22 04.1 
22 12.0 

22 20. 6 
22 28.1 


6.8! 

7.8 

9i8 

Ul * 


10 01 
6 6 
2 44; 
2 oh 


10 42 
il 47 

54m 


10 39 
11 46 

52 n, 


j 




5 3_ 

5 40 
5 5:i 


d 
6 
H 


7 5 
? 5 

K; 5 
K:. 5 


34 
42 
48 
53 


6 ; 
6 

6 , 

6 i: 


Tk. 7 
F. 8 


342 
343 


1 
4 


18 
17 


t n 

i K 


11 51 

11 52 


58 
24 


22 4l!ii 

22 18.) 


11 
12 


-r / ZO ,3 

^ 11 39 3 15 
.8 15 07 4 27 


2 4 
3 17 

4 30 


On ilir ISili, ilipfp! 

H-nlliidll Ufll.l, (Mf 


rmlid ci, 
January, 


S. 


9 


34 A 


1 


I/ 


4 1C 


Ll 52 


51 


22 53.9 


13 


.8 17 3J 


5 39 


5 44 


w.l 

ll 


I ll i:iiii 


li nil lo 
- nc, r the 


iiimiliiin 


S. 10 


345 


4 


17 


4 10 


11 53 


18 


2259.3 


14 




18 32 


Kises. 
5 26 a 


5 21 ;: 


.its 


i.r und 


i oliux, and 1 r 


ocy 


M. 1 


1 


346 


4 


IS 


i 1011 53 


46 


23 01J 


15 


. s 


18 08 


6 26 


6 2 1 














T. 12 


347 


! 


18 


1 10 11 54 


15 


23 O8.o 


16,8 


16 27 


7 32 


7 27 














IK. 13 


318 


4 


18 


1 10 11 54 


43 


23 12.5 


17.8 


3 44 


8 37 


8 33 














Th.l 

/ i 


1 


3494 
t\< i Li 


1> : 1 11 11 55 

t L 1 1 tt i <- .- 


12 


23 16. IN 


.8 


10 20 


9 42 


9 39 


















doo 1 




-t ix 


1 L U<> 


41 


-> 19,0 


iy 


. s 


6 3 


i 


10 46 


10 45 














5. lb 


Sol 


1 


19 


I 1211 56 


10 


23 2L.6 


2J-8 


2 2"!/! 


IL 48 


11 47 














S. 17 


35214 


2 


I 1311 56 


40 . 3 23.7 


21 


.8 


1 34 > 
























.)/. 18 
T. 19 
IV. 2;) 
2 A.21 
F. 22 
S. 23 
S. 24 
A/. 25 
T. 25 
W. 27 
JTA.28 
J 1 . 29 
5. 30 
S. 31 


353 4 

35 1 1 
355 4 

357 4 
35.S 4 
359 4 
36:),4 
361 4 
3624 
3634 
3644 
365 1 
3664 


19 1 13 

2u i i:; 

204 li 
21 4 1- 
21 4 14 

22 i \-. 
22 4 I- 
234 H 
214 I 
25 1 V 
26 I If 
27 4 21 
27 4 2( 
2814 2 


111 57 
11 57 
11 58 
11 58 
11 59 
11 59 
ill 59 
i 1 2 00 
r i!2 01 
* 12 01 
* 12 02 
IJ12 02 
) 12 03 
12 03 


0: 23 25,3 
3923 26.4 
0923 27.1 
3. 1 23 27 ,4 
Oil 23 27.0 
3.1 23 26.4 
5023 2.5.1 
3923 23.4 
0.123 21.3 
39;23 18.7 
0923 15.1 
3S23 12.1 
0723 8.0 
0623 3.6 


22. ^ 
23.8 
24,8 

25.8 
26.8 
27-8 
28-8 
29 . 8 
1.0 

2.1! 

3.0 

4.0 
5.0 
6.0 


5 26 
9 03 
12 16 
14 23 
16 56 
18 14 
18 38 

18 07 
16. 42. 
14 21 
II 20 
7 38 
3 21 s 


47m 
1 46 
2 44 
3 41 
4 37 
5 33 
6 26^ 
Sets. 
5 39 a 
6 33 
7 33 
35 
9 39 
110 40 


48 
1 47 
2 46 
3 44 
4 4,) 
5 3 
6 3.1 

5 33 
6 29 
7. 29 
8 33 
9 37 
1 ) 41 


Eclif sss of Jupiter s 

M. B. Green w. 
d. II. 771. X. 

I. 7,1 h 162913.5 
1,1 1822^1.1 
3) 1637 5.1, 
IL21 17 214.7 
28 193S20.S 
111.19 161858.^ 
19 195211.7 
26 20 1 6 4.2 
1 V.I I 16 5 43 G 


Satellite. 

Toronto 
k. m. 
11 12ir 
I305I, 
U20,r 

1421k 
H02i, 
I435ei 
15 00 in 
I049ir. 



32 

CANADA. 

PROVINCIAL EXECUTIVE. 

GOVERNOR-GENERAL. His Excellency the Right Honorable JAMES, EARL OF ELGIN AWD 
KINCARDINE, K.T., Governor-Generalof British North America, and Capt.-Gen l and Governor- 
in-Chief in and over the Provinces of Canada, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and the Island 
of Prince Edward, and Vice- Admiral of the same, &c. &c. &c. 

Major T. E. Campbell, Civil Secretary; Colonel the Hon. R Bruce, Military Secretary. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Edmund Antrobus, Provincial Md-de-Camp ; Lieutenant-Colonel De 
Salabery, Extra do. do. 

His EXCELLENCY THE GOVERNOR GENERAL will receive Gentlemen desirous of visiting 
him, at Government House, on MONDAY, WEDNESDAY and FRIDAY, in each week from 11 
until 3 o clock ) 

(HER EXCELLENCY THE COUNTESS OF ELGIN AND KINKARDINE receives Ladies who are 
desirous of calling upon Her Ladyship at Monklands, from 3 to 5 o clock, on Thursday afternoon.) 

EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. Hon. William Morris, President; Hon. Dominkk Daly, Provincial 
Secretary; Hon. Henry Sherwood, .Attorney- General West; Hon. William Badgley, Attorney- 
General East; Hon. Denis B Pa.pineau. Commissioner of Crown Lands ; Hon. William Cayley 
Inspector- General; Hon. John Macdor.ald, Receive -General; Hon. John H. Cameron, Solicitor^- 
General West; Hon Peter McGill, Speaker Legislative Council. 

OFFICERS. John Joseph, Clerk ; William H. Lee, Assistant do. ; Samuel B. Smith, 
1st do. ; Flavian Vallerand, 2nd do. ; William A. Hunsworth, 3rd do. ; Olivier Cote", 4th do.; 
Michael Naughten, Messenger; David Ryan, Door Keeper. 

CIVIL SECRETARY S OFFICE. 

Major T. E. Campbell, Civil Secretary; Henry Cotton, 1st Clerk; William B. Bartlett 
2nd do. ; Philip St. Hill, Office Keeper; George Boxall, Messenger. 

PROVINCIAL SECRETARY S DEPARTMENT. 

Hon. Dominick Daly, Provincial Secretary ; E. A. Meredith, Assistant Secretary West ; T. 
D. Harrington, Chief Clerk; G-ant Powell, H. E. Steele, C. J. Birch, and C. St. George 
Yarwood, Clerks; E. Parent, Assistant Secretary East ; Thomas Ross, Henry Jarmy, W. H. 
Jones, A. R. Roche, and S. Tetu, Clerks; John Gow, Office Keeper ; John Twomley, Messenger. 

RECEIVER-GENERAL S DEPARTMENT. 

Hon. John A. Macdonald, Receiver- General; Bernard Turquand, Esq., Deputy Receiver-Gen l; 
Thos. A. Carey, 1st Clerk; Geo. Hamilton, 2nd do. ; Geo. Grundy, 3rd do. ; James Thomson, 
Messenger. 

CROWN LANDS DEPARTMENT. 

Hon. D. B. Papineau, Commissioner ; Tancred Botitillier, Assistant do. ; A. McNab, Accountant ; 
J. C. Tarbutt, and J. Langeviri, Corresponding Clerks. 

BRANCH OF CROWN LAND OFFICE, (formerly Surveyor General s Office.) Joseph Bouchette, 
Senior Surveyor and Draftsman ; Andrew John Russell, 2nd. do. ; Edward T. Fletcher. Assis 
tant do. ; Wm. Spragge, Chief Clerk; Thomas Hector, 2nd do. ; Henry John Jones, 3rd do. ; 
Moore A Higgins, and Geo. Shaw, Junior Clerks 

INSPECTOR-GENERAL S DEPARTMENT. 

AUDIT BRANCH. Hon. William Cayley, Inspector- General; Joseph Carey, Deputy do.; 
Philip LVmiford, 1st Clerk; David Alexander Ross. 2nd do. ; Isaac B. Stanton, 3rd do. ; Norris 
Godard, 4lh do.; Henry H. Duifill, 5th do.; William Dickenson, 1st Book-keeper; C. E. 
Anderson, 2nd do; W. C. Crolton, Statistical Clerk and Keeper of the Blue Book; Patrick 
Gaul, Messenge^. 

REVENUE BRANCH. J. W. Dtinscombe, Commissioner of Customs; A. S. Menzies, Clerk; 
Matthew Jack, do. ; Joseph Lee, Extra do.; Philip Derbishire, do. do. 

DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKS. 

Hon. W. B. Robinson, Chief Commissioner; Hon. C. E. Casgrain, .Assistant do.; Thomas 
A. Begly, Secretary; John H. Conolly, Chief Clerk; Charles Dawson Shanley, and E. 
Hamilton. Clerks; S. Strange, Book-keeper; Thomas Hewitt, ^Assistant do. a7id Paymaster; 
F. P. Rubidge, Draughtsman; F. Baillarge, Assistant do.; M. Welsh, Messenger. 

PROVINCIAL REGISTRAR S OFFICE. 

Richard A. Tucker, Provincial Registrar ; William Kent, 1st Clerk ; George Henry Lane, 2ddo. 

MILITIA DEPARTMENT. 

LOWER CANADA. Lieutenant Colonel E. P. Tach6, Deputy .Adjutant General : Charles 
Petitclair and Peter L. McDonald, Permanent Clerks : Charles Dolbigney, Temporary Clerk, 



33 



UPPER CANATDA. Lieutenant Colonel Donald McDonald, Deputy Adjutant General; Joshua 
Thompson, Permanent Clerk; William Rowan, Messenger, 
Office. No. 57, St. Lewis Street, Montreal. 
N.B. The Adjutant Generalship is vacant by the resignation of Colonel Plomer Young. 



GENERAL POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT OF CANADA. 

Thomas Allen Stayner, Deputy Postma ter General, Montreal. 

William Henry Criffin, Surveyor, Montreal ( Canada East) ; Edward S. Freer, Surv&yw, 
Toront", (Canada West) ; John Dewe, Surveyor, Kingston, (Central Canada.) 

Gilbert E. Griffin, Chit.f Clerk to Deputy Postmaster General; Frank W. Stayner, Second do.; 
T. Sutherland Stayner, Third do.; Edwin King, Fourth do. 

Edwin J. King, Accountant to General Post Office ; Horation A. Wicksteed. First Clerk to Ac 
countant ; John Ashworth, Second do. ; Robert Julyan, Third do. ; Edward C. Hayden, Fourth do.; 
John Davison, Fifthdo.;3.T. McCiiaig, Sixth do. ; Smith Allen and Jeremiah Mullen, Messengers, 

Officers in charge of the British Mails between Boston and Montreal. Major James Laing and 
F. H. Vane. Mail Conductors between Montreal and Quebec Jeremiah Madden and C. W. 
Hayden. Do. between Montreal and Kingston. B. B. Turquand, J. Lilly, G. F. Pemberton. 
J)o. between Kingston and Toronto. W. Brown, A. Tod, A. McDonald. 

INDIAN DEPARTMENT. 

Superintendent- General of Indian Affairs, the Civil Secretary, Montreal; Assistant do. d, 
and. Accountant. George Vatdon, Montreal; Superintendent of Indian Affairs and Visitor, C. E. t 
D. C. Napier; do. do. C. W., J. B. Clench, Delaware, and T. G. Anderson, Cobourg ; do. do. 
Manitoulin Island. George Ironsides ; Interpreter, C E , Edward N. DHorimier ; do. do C. W. 
Francis H. Anderson ; Missionary, Rev. A. Jamieson, Walpole Island ; do., Rev. Jame 
Flood, Carradoc ; if >., Rev. Saltern Givins, Tyendinaga ; do , Rev. F. B. Olscamp, Res- 
tigouehe, ; do., F. Boucher, Lorette ; do., Joseph Marcoux. Caughnawaga; do., F. H. Marcoua^ 
St. Regis ; do . Pierre Beland, St Francis ; Schoolmaster, Vincent Fenier, Lorette; do , Charlei 
Forrest, Christieville ; Manitoulin Island Establishment Surgeon. Paul Darling, M. D. ; Mission 
ary, Rev. F. O Meara, L L.D. ; School Master, Arthur Gore ; do , Etaweghezick. 

LAW OFFICERS OF THE CROWN. 

Miorney- General East Hon. William Badgley ; Solicitor- General East, - ; Clerk, 
John Monk. Office Notre Dame-street, Montreal. Attorney- General Wett Hon. Henry 
Sherwood. Office Notre D*m street, Montreal. Solicitor- General West Hon. John Hillyard 
Cameron. Office Albany Chambers, Toronto. 

MEMBERS OF THE HON. THE LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL 

OF CANADA, 

WITH THE DATES OF THEIR COMMISSIONS AND RESIDENCES. 
The Honourable PETER McGiLL, Speaker. 



on. 
c 

M 

M 

M 
fi 

K 
It 

te 

u 


Robert S, Jameson.. 
P. B. DeRlaquiere .. 
Peter McGill 


. Toronto* 
. Kingston.* 
Montreal.* 


R. B. Sullivan 
Rene E. Caron . . . 
William Morris . . . 
George Pemberton . 
Alexander Eraser . . 
OBarthelemy Jo:iette. 
James Crooks . . . 
Adam Fergusson. . . 
John Macauiay . . . . 


. Toronto* 
. Quebec.* 
.Montreal.* 
. Quebec.* 
. Frttterfield..* 
. Village of Industry* 
. Flaniborough. West* 
. Flainborough East* 
Kingston." 

Jfin crstnii * 


John 1 larniltnn . . 


" Francois P. Bruneau Mmtanilh.* 
" John McDonald. ...Gananoqne.* 
" AdamFerrie Montreal.* 
* Jean Ble. Tache" Kamouraska.* 
" Paul H. Knoulton . . .Brome.* 
" Thomas McKay New Edinburgh.* 
Those marked thus *, were summoned to th 



Hon. 



Gabriel Roy ....... St. Laurent.] 

Philip H. Moore .... St. -Armantl.^. 

AmabJe Dionne ..... Kamauraska.\ 

Joseph Dionne ..... Si P rc les Becqm4ts$ 

George J. Goodhue . .London.\\ 
Levins P. Sherwood. . Toronto.^ 
William Walker . . . Quebec.fi 
Christopher Widmer. Toronto.^ 
J. yEmilius Irving. . .Newinarket.1 
Louis Massue ...... Quebec.^ 



John Neilson Quebec.^ 

James Morris Brockville.\\ 

James Gordon Toronto.^ 

Hamnett Pinhey . . . March.]]]) 

James Ferrier Montreal.^ 

Roderick Matheson. .Perth.]]]] 
George S. Boulton, Cobourg.]\ 

to the Legislative Council, an the 9th June, 1841 ; 

those thus f, June 14, 1841 ; those thus J, September 7, 184i ; those thus ||, August 19, 1842; 
those thus , August i5, 1843; those thus T, September 4, 1843; those thus *, "September 27, 
1843; those thus jt> November 30, 1844; those thus }$, NevemWr 3, 1845 5 those thus U^ M&j 
37, 1847. 



34 



PERMANENT OFFICERS. Charles De Lery, Clerk; J. F. Titylor, Deputy Clerk &nd Master 
in Chancery; J. Farmings Taylor, Assistant Clerk; Rev. W. A. Adamson, Chaplain and 
Librarian; E. L. Montizambert, Law Clerk; Robert Lemoine, French Translator ; W. A. 
Maingy and E. Doncet, Clerks; F. S. Jarvis, Gentleman Usher of the Black Rod; James 
Adamson, Clerk; Olivier Vallerand, Sergeant-ut-j2rms ; Thomas Brooke, Door-keeper; M. 
Keating, Chief Messenger and House-keeper. 



MEMBERS OF THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY OF CANADA. 

The Honourable Sir ALLA.N NAPIER MACRAE, Kt., Speaker. 



Eden Col vile Beauharnois. 

Hon. Augustin N. Morin ...Betlechasse. 
David Morrison Armstrong.^eriAur. 

John LeBouiillier Bomiventure. 

George Sherwood, Brockville, (tows.) 

William Stewart Sytoitn, (town.) 

George Lyon Carlelon. 

Louis Lacoste Chambly. 

Louis Guillet Champltiin. 

Hon. J. Hillyard Cameron. . Cornwall, (town.) 

*! Lemieux Dorchester. 

Robert Nugent Watts Drummond. 

George Macdonell Dundas. 

John Tucker Williams .. ..Durham. 

John Prince Essex. 

Henry Smith Frontenac- 

Robeit Christie Gaspe. 

John Sanfield Macdonald.. . Glt-ngary. 
Hamilton Dibble Jessup . . . Grenville; 

David Thompson Haldimand. 

George Chalmers Nation. 

Hon. Sir A. N. MacNab . . Hamilton, (City). 

Edmund Murney Hastings. 

Benjamin Henry Lemoiae.,.//im/m:cfon, 

Hon. William Cayley Huron. 

Amable Berthelot Kanwuraska> 

Joseph Woods Kent. 

Hon. John A. Macdonald. .Kingstmi. 

Malcolm Cameron Lanark. 

Ogle Robert Gowan Leeds. 

Jacob De Witt Leinster. 

Benjamin Seymour Lenoi $ Addibgtor. 

William Hamilton Merritt Lincoln^. Riding) 

Jumes Cummings . . Lincoln (S. Riding) 

Charles F. Fouiuier L Islct. 

John Wilson London, (town.) 

Joseph Laurin Lotbinitre. 

Hon. Dominick Daly. Megunlic. 

Edward Ermatinger Middlesex, 

Hon William Badgley,. . . .Missisqvoi. 

Joseph Cauchon Moutmorency, 

Hon. George Moffatt > ,, . , , , . ,. 

Moa. C. C. S. DeBleury. . $ Oi01 al > \ 



Andre, Jobin ............. Montreal, (county.) 

Walter Hamilton Dickson. .Niagara, 
Antoiu* Prosper Methot. . . .Nicolet. 

Israel Wood Powell ....... Norfolk. 

George Barker Hall ..... 

> (Aorth Riding.) 

Adam Henry Meyers ..... ^.Do. (outh Riding.) 

Hon. D. B. Papineau ..... Ottawa. 

Robert Riddel 1 .... ....... Oxford. 

Le.wis T. Diummcnd . . . .Portneuf. 

A T eil Stewart ............. .Prescolt. 

Roger Bates Conger ....... Prince Edward. 

Hon. T. C. Aylwin, ) ^ , / . x 
JeanChabot, j ; Q^c, (c lt y.) 

Piene J. O. Chauveau ..... Quebec, (Bounty.) 

VVoltred Nelson .......... Jiichetieu^ 

Louis Bertrand ........ ... Rimouski. 

Ti.mothee Franchere ...... Rouville, 

Archibald Petrie ......... Russell. 

Han. M. P. DeS.LaTerriere,Sa"-ucr.(^. 
Stephen Sewe 11 Foster. ... Shefford. 

Edward Hale ............ Shcrbrooke, (town. J 

Samuel Brooks ........... Stierbro9ke(c<mnlj) 

Hon. V\ illiam B. Robinson. . Simcoe<: 
John McConnell ........ Slanstcad. 

Donald tineas Macdonell. .Siormont. 
Thomas Eoutillier ....... Saint Hyacinthe. 

Frangois D^saunier ...... Saint Maurice. 

Hon, L. H. LaFoiitaine. . . . Terrebonne. 

Hon. D. B. Viger ........ Three Rivers. 



. 

William Hemy Scott ..... Two Mountains, 

Jaccyjes Philippe Lantier . . Vundreuil. 
James Leslie ............. Verchtres. 

James Webster. ........... Waterloo. 

Harmannus Smith ....... Wen(wort?\. 

Leon Rouss-eau ........... Yamaska. 

James Hervey Price ....... York, (1st Riding.) 

George Duggan.... ....... York, (2nd Riding.) 

George JMomo ............ York, (3rdvRiding.) 

Hon. Robert Baldwin ..... York, (4th:Ridii)j{.) 



FSRM\NENT OFFICERS William B. Lindsay, Clerk; G. B. .-Fairbault, .Assistant do.; 
G::\V. Wicksteed, Law Clerk and English Translator; VV. P. Patrick, Chief Office. Clerk; W. 
Ross, Chief Clerk of Committees;. Henri Voyer, French Translator.; P. E. Gagnon, Clerk of 
Fi-e.nch Journals; G. M. Muir, Clerk of English do.; Alfred Patrick, Clerk of Committees; 
Thomas Vaux,. 2?td Office Clerk and Accountant ; Alfred Todd, Clerk of Committees.; W. B. 
Lindsay, Jr., Assistant Law Clerk and English Translalor ; G. Levesque, Jlssistaid French 
Translator; D. P. Myrand, do. do. ; J. Huston, do. do. ; William Winder, Librarian; Alpheus 
TodVl, Assistant do ; George K. Chisholm, Sergeant- at-^rms; J. B. Morand, Thaddeus Patiick, 
Henry Hartney, K. Earton, W. II. Lemoine, W. Spink, L. Berthelet, and H. B. Stuart, Junior 
CHerks ; A. L. Cardinal, Chief Messenger ; Robert Del ries, Post Master; John Cameron, 
Jtsistant Mfsscner ; John O Connor, Door-Kecper. 



THE CUSTOMS LAW OF CANADA* 

By an Act of the Legislature of Canada, passed in 1847, the laws relating to Customs are 

consolidated. The new Act comes in force on oih January, 1848, and former Acts are from 

thence repealed. (3 ) The Duties of Customs to be raised upon importations into the Province 

are enumerated in a table, of which we annex a copy. There is also a " Table of Exemptions," 

the articles enumerated in which maybe imported without payrnent of anydnty. The Governor 

in Council mayexempt from duty any article subjected, in the first mentioned table, to ;:,n ad 

valorem duty, as being unennmerated in the- said table. A reciprocal exemption from duty of 

all articles (except s; irits or strong waters) being the growth, produce, or manufacture of the 

British North American Colonies, is authorised by the Act. (4.) Currency, Weights and 

Measures. All monies granted or imposed in any way by the Act, are computed in Provincial 

currency ; and all duties are to be- paid and received according to the British weights and 

measures in use on 6th July, 1825. (5.) The monies levied under the Act, arising from duties 

or penalties, and belonging to -Her Majesty, are to be paid over by the respective officers 

receiving the same to the- Receiver-General, awl shall form part of the Consolidated 

Revenue of the Province, to be accounted--- for through the Lords Commissioners of 

the Treasury in the us\Kil- manner. (8.) Entry and unlading of Goods. No goods shall 

b unladen from any vessel arriving from any place out of the Province, until duly entered, 

and warrant granted for unlading-; nor shall any goods be so unladen, (unless for 

the purpose of lightening a vessel in crossing over a shoal, or bar, or sand-bank^) except at some 

place at which an officer of the Customs is appointed to attend, or at some place for which a 

sufferance shall be-granted by the Collector. All goods unladen contrary to the regulations of 

the Act shall be foifeited. (9.) Port of Entry Penalty Seizure. Neither shall it be lawful 

to import any goods, by sea, land, -coastwise, or inland navigation, whether liable to duty or not, 

except in o a regular port of entry, at which a Custom Ho".** now is, or may be hereafter 

lawfully established. Goods otherwise imported shall be forfeited, together with the vessel 

containing them, if of less value than 200: if worth more than that sumy the vessel may be 

seized, and the Mas eror person in charge shall incur a penalty of 200. The vessel may 

be detained until payment; or security be given for the payment of the penalty. Unless 

payment or security be given within thirty days, the vessel to be sold for the penalty. Like 

penalties are imposed for carrying goods past tke Custom House, or removing ihem from the 

tation appointed for their examination by the Collector, before they shall have been examined 

and all duties thereon-paid, and a permit given accordingly. In any case of illicit importation 

by land, the goodS Shall be forfeited, together with the carriage, arid all the harness and tackle 

and the horses or other cattle employed in importing or removing the goods. - (10.) Report to 

Custom House. The Master of every vessel arriving from sea or coastwise, whether laden or in- 

ballast, must go. directly, before breaking bulk, to the Custom House for the port at \\hich he 

arrives, and make a report in writing to the Collector of the arrival and voyage, stating the 

name of the vessel, country and tonnage, (and, if British, the port of registry,) the name and 

tountry of the Master, the country of -the owners, the number of the crew, and how many 

are of the country of such vescel, and whether she be laden or in ballast, and, if laden, the 

particulars f the cargo, the marks and numbers of every package and pa,rcel of goods on board 

where the same was laden, and where and to whom consigned, and where any, and what goods, 

if any, ruul been unladen during iheAoyage, as far as any of such particulars can be known to 

him. Penalties. The penalty for unlading any goods before reporting, or tor failing to report, 

or for making an untrue reportj or for not truly answering the questions demanded of him, is 

100. intended Report Any goods not reported shall be forfeited, unless it shall appear that 

there was no fraudulent intention, in which case the Mrster shall be allowed to amend his 

report. Wlial is a Coasting Voyage. The Governor in Council may. by regulation, declare 

arty trade or voyage on the-rivers, lakes and waters, within or adjacent to the Province, whether 




shall not be a carrying by sea or coastw ; se, shall be deemed to be a carrying by inland 
navigation. The Governor in Council may also, from time to time, with regaid to any such 
coasting trade, dispense with such of the requirements of this section as he may deem in 
expedient or unnecessary to enforce. The necessary discharging, for -the purpose of lightening 
the vessel in order to pass a shoal, or otherwise for the safety of the vessel, shall not deemed an 
unlawful landing or breaking of bulk. (11.) Inland Importations. Goods arriving by land or 
inland navigation from any place beyond the limits of the Province, have to be reported in like 
manner, under like penalties. (12.) When and how Goods ir.s be Entered and Landed. Goods 
imported by sea, or from any place without tbs Province, must be duly entered and landed 
within five days of the arrival of the importing vessel ; and goods imported by inland navigation 
in a decked vessel of one hundred tons burthen or more, must be duly entered and landed within 
two days of the vessel s arrival ; and goods imported by inland navigation in any undecked 
vessel, or inany vessel of less than one hundred tons burthen, or by land,- must be duly entered, 
arid produced lo the proper officer within twenty-four hoiir-s after their importation. Form of 
Entry. The person entering any goods, whether inwauls or out wauls, must deliver to the 
Collector a bill of entry, in appointed form, fairly written or \ , i.!y written or jartiy 



CUSTOMS] 36 [LAW. 

printed, containing the name of the importer or exporter, and if imported or exported hy water, 
the name of .the vessel, and of the Master, arid of thp place to or from which bound, nd of the 
place within the port where the goods are to be ui. laden or laden, and the description of the 
goods, and the marks and numbers and contents of the packages, and the place from or to which 
the goods are imported, or exported, or carried, and stating whether such place be within or 
without the limits of the Province. Duties must be paid down. Unless the goods are to be 
warehoused, as provided by the Act, the importer must at the same time pay down all duties 
upon Ihe entry of goods inwards ; whereupon the Collector shall immediately grant his warrant 
far unlading, and a permit for the conveyance of the goods further into the Province, if required. 
If not paid, to be Warehoused. In default rf entry and landing, or production of goods, or 
payment of duty, the officers of Customs may convey the goods to the Customs Warehouse. 
May be sold in three months, If not duly entered, and the duties paid within three months, 
together with all charges ol removal and warehouse rent, they shall be sold by public auction 
to the highest bidder, and the proceeds applied first to the payment of duties and charges, and 
the overplus, if any, after discharging the vessel s lien, shall be paid to the owner of the goods. 
Jftobe sent to another Port. In the case of goods brought in a decked vessel from anyplace out 
f the Province to any port of entry therein, and not landed, if it be intended to convey th 
goods to some other port in the Province, in the same vessel, there to be landed, then the duty 
shall not be paid, nor the entry completed, at the first port, but at the, port wh re the goods 
shall be landed, and to which they shall be conveyed accordingly, undersuch regulations, and with 
such security or precautions, for compliance with the requirements of the Act, as the Governor 
in Council shall from time to time appoint. (1.3.) Entry by Bill of Sight. If the importer of 
goods on which a duty ad valorem is imposed, shall subsctibe a declaration before the Collector, 
that he cannot, for want of full information, make a perfect entry, the Collector may cause th 
goods to be landed on a bill of sight for the several packages, by the best description that can 
be given, and to be seen and examined by the importer, at his expense, in the presence of th 
Collector, and to be delivered to the importer on his depositing in the hands of the Collector 
such sum of money as shall, in the judgment of the latter, be fully sufficient to pay the duties, 
and engaging to make a perfect entry within a time to be appointed by the Collector. In the 
event of the perfect entry not being completed within the time specified, the money deposited 
shall be held to be the duty accruing on such goods, and shall be dealt with and accounted for 
accordingly. (14.) Entry by Agent. When any person shall apply to an officer of Customs to 
transact business on behalf of another person, the officer may require the applicant to produce a 
written authority from b.is principal, and failing his producing such, the officer may refuse to 
transact the business with him. Business done by an agent shall bind the principal. (15.) Jld 
valo-em Duties. In making entry of goods where the duties are charged ad valorem, such value 
shall be the invoice value of the goods at the place from whence they were imported, with tha 
addition of ten pounds per. centum thereon. The importer shall in the bill of entry state the 
value for duty accordingly, and immediately produce to the Collector the original invoice (if 
any there be) of the g.iods, in order to prove their value; and shall make and subscube a 
declaration in the following form.-; 

"I A B , of- , do declare that the Invoice (or invoices) now produced by me is (or 
are) just and true, and that it contains (tir they eontoin) th f**t (articulars and true pricea 
of the articles subject to ad valorem duty and mentioned in the annextd bill of Entry, and that 
I am the importer (or the Agent or Clerk of C. D , the importer) thereof. 

" Witness my hand the day of 

A. B. 

" The abore declaration signed at this * day of 

in my presence. 

"E. F, Collector. 
"(Or other proper officer.} 1 * 

The cost of the goods so declared, shall, if not disputed by the Collector, wilh the addition of 
ten per centum, be the value for duty. When unJerreal value, or on Invoice. Should it appear t 
the Collector that the goods b <vebeen Invoiced below their real and true value at the place whence 
they were imported, or if the- e be no Invoice, the articles maybe examined bv two competent 
persons to be appointed from time to time by the Governor in ( ouncil, to a t \\ honever need may 
fee as examiners at the port, who shall declare on oath, befoie the Collector, what is the truft 
and real value of s-uch articles at the place whence they were imported, and the value so de 
clared with the addition often per centum, shall be that according to which the duties imposed 
shall be charged and paid. (16 ) Further proof. The Collector may require fiom he Importer 
before admitting the good-: to entry, sue h further proof as he may deem necessary, by oath or de- 
cJaraiion, production of Invoices, or Bills of lading, or otherwise, that the goods are properly des 
cribed and rated fbrduty ; or, if claimed, to be exempted fro.nthe payment ol duty, that they corns 
prope;ly svithin the meaning of the exemptions specified in the Act. l7. }Whcn contents of packages 
re unknown, Packages ol which the importer shall declare the contents to be unknown to him, 
may be opened and examined by the Collector, in the presence of the Importer and at his - 
pause, who shall also bear the expense of repaekicg. (IS.) Wktrt goads do not corrcspondmtit 



CUSTOMS] 37 [LAW. 

entry. No entry, or warrant for the landing of goods, or for taking goods out of Warehouse, 
hall be deemed valid, unless the particulars of the goods and packages in the entry, or warrant, 
hall correspond with the particulars of the goods and packages purporting to be the same in th* 
report of the vessel, or other report i where any is required) by which the importation or entrjr 
is authorized, nor unless the goods shall have been properly described in ihe entry, by the de 
nominations and with the characters and circumstances according to which the goods are 
charged with duty, or may be imported ; and any goods taken or delivered oiit of any vessel or 
warehouse, or conveyed into the Province beyond the Port of Entry, by virtue of any entry or 
warrant not corresponding or agieeing in all such respects, or not properly describing the same, 
hall be deemed to be goods landed or taken without due entry, and shall be forfeited. Suspicion 
of fraud. The Collector, alter the entry of any goods, may, on suspicion ot fraud, open and 
examine any package, in presence of two or moie credible witnesses, arid if it shall be found to 
agree with the entries, the goods shall be repacked at the public cost, but otherwise they shall 
be forfeited (19.) Goods Damaged If any goods imported by water, liable to duty, shall 
receive damage during the voyage, after being laden or shipped, and before b ing unshipped or 
discharged fiom the vessel in which they shall be imported into the Province, or fmm any vessel 
or craft into which they may have been transhipped for the purpose of being conveyed to the 
port of destination, so that the owner shall be prejudiced in the sale of the goods, the Collector 
at the place where they shall be landeu, may choose thive disinterested merchants, experienced 
in the value of such goods, any two of whom, upon viewing the same, shall certify and declare 
what damage they have received, or how much they are lessened in their true value by such 
damage, in relation to the duties imposed on them, and thereupon the Collector shall make or 
repay a proportionate allowance to the importer, by way of abatement of the duties The mer 
chants shall be allowed, in remuneration for such valuation, at the discretion of the Collector, 
a sum not less than 10s , nor more than 5 )s , each, to be paid by the owner of the goods. (20.) 
Goods lost or Destroyed When any vessel shall be entered at the Custom House, on board of 
which there shall be goods, on which duly has been levied or collected, or on which any duty 
has been deposited, and that thereafter the goods shall be lost or destroyed before being landed 
from the vessel, or from any vessel or craft employed to lighten such vessel ; then on proof upon 
oath of one or more credible witnesses, before the Collector, and to his satisfaction, that the 
goods or any part of them (specifying the same) have been so lost or destroyed before being 
landed, the duties on the whole, or the part so proved to be lost or destroyed, shall, if paid or 
deposited, be returned to the owner. (21.) Goods exempted from- Duty. All goods exempt 
from duty as being imported for the use of Her Majesty s Troops, or for any other purpose for 
which they may be imported tree of duty, shall, in case of their sale alter importation, become 
liable to and be charged with duties payable on like goods on their impoitatioti for other pur 
poses ; and if such duiies be not paid, the goods shall be forfeited, arid may be seized and dealt 
with accoidirigly. (22.) Allowance for Tare In all cases where duties are charged according 
to the weight, tale, guage or measure, such allowance shall be made for tare ai.d dralt upon the 
packages, as shall be appointed by regulaiion by the Governor in Council : but when the original 
Invoice shall be produced, and a declaration ot- its correctness made in the terms prescribed by 
the Act, the Tare according tosuch Invoice shall be deduc ed from the gross weight ot the goods, 
instead of the allowances just indicated; subject however to such further regulations as the 
Governor in Council shall from time make (23) Warehousing Ports The following are 
Warehousing Ports, for the purposes of the Act: Amherstbtngh, Brock ville, BelleviHe, Chip- 
pewa, Cobotirg Colborne, Cornwall, Dalhonsie, Dover, Goderich, Hamill"n, Hope, Kingston, 
Montreal, Magara, Port Mwtland on the Grand .River, Prescott, Quebec, Stanley, St. John s, 
and Toronto; and such others as the Governor in Council shall fiom time to lime appoint. 
(24.) Entry for Exportation. An Importer of goods may enter them for exportation, without 
payment of duties, on giving securily by himself, and one sufficient surety for their exportation; 
or he may v ar^house tttem on giving security by his own bond for the payment of ihe duties, 
and the performance of ah the requirements of the Act with regard to them; the penalty of the 
bond to be double the amount of the duties ; subject to such rules and regulations as the Governor 
in Council shall from time to time appoint, not being repugnant to ihe Act. Samples from 
Warehouse. The Importer may sort, pack, repack, or make sucu lawful arrangements respect 
ing the goods, in order to their preservation or disposal, and take from them moderate samples, 
without present payment of duty or entry, and remove them from one warehousing port to 
another, under good and sufficient bonds to the satisfaction of the Collector. The goods may be 
entered at any frontier port, with the sanction of the Collector, under bonds to his satijfaction, 
and subject to suck regulations as may be made by the Governor in Council, to pass them on t 
a warehousing port in any other part of the Province. These privileges are to be used during 
the regular warehouse hours, and subject to such regulations as the Collector shall see fit to 
adopt, as well for the carrying and taking of the goods to the warehouse, as for olher purposes. 
When to be finally cleared. All such goods must be finally cleared either for exportation or 
home consumption, within two years from the date of the first entry and warehousing, (unless 
the Collector shall see fit to extend the time,) failing which the Collector is empowered tosell the 
goods, for the payment firs* of the duties, and secondly ol the warehouse rent and other charge*, 
and the surplus, if any, shall be paid to the owner. The importer may abandon any whole 
packages for duties, without being liable to pay any duty on them. (.25.) Goodt unlawfully 



CUSTOMS] -3$ [LAW. 

relandcd,-;{C. 4f any goods entered to be warehoused, shall not be duly deposited in the ware 
house, or shall afterwards be taken out without due entry and clearance, or having been entered 
and cleared (or exportation from the warehouse, shall not be duly shipped or otherwise conveyed 
out of the Province, or shall be afterwards relanded, sold, used, or brought into the Province, 
without permission from the proper officer of the Customs, they shall be forfeited. (26.) Duties 
on Goods Warehoused. Goods warehoused before this Act romes in force, and remaining so 
warehoused after that time, shall, if taken out for consumption, be subject to the du .ies to which 
they would be subject if they were then imported, and not to any other. Warehouses appointed 
before the passing of this Act to continue in force ; as well as all Bonds previously granted. (27.) 
Cattle and Grain in Bond. An importer ot Cattle or Swine may slaughter, rare and pack 
them in Bond, or if impored in the Carcass he may cure and pack them in Bond. Also, an 
importer of Wheat, Maize, or other grain, may grind and pack the same in Bond. Curing and 
Packing The slaughtering, curing, grinding, and packing, must be conducted, under such 
regulations and restrictions as the Go-vernor in Council shall fiom time to time appoint for the 
purpose. These regulations may extend to the substitution of Beef or Pork. Flour or Meal, in 
quantities equivalent to the produce of such cattle and swine, wheat, maize, or other grain. 
(28.) Transfer of Property in Bond. Goods warehoused may be trat^ferred from parly to party, 
on a lonafide Bill of Sale of one or more paicels, duly execuud, and entered in a book to be kept 
for the purpose by the Collector. New Security. The Collector may receive fresh security 
from the purchaser, and cancel the bond given by the original bonder, to that extent ; provided 
the sale shall be of whole packages only. (29.) Leakage. The Governor in Council may by 
regulation authorise such allowance to be made for leakage, natural and unavoidable waste oV 
deficiency on goods warehoused, as he may deem expedient, but, subject to such regulalio ns, Ihe 
duties shall be payable on the quantities oiiginally warehoused. (30.) Expense of Warehousing 
fyc- ;AI1 charges and expenses of unshipping, landing, opening, unpacking, repacking, weighing, 
guaging, warehouse rent, and all other expenses attending anything to be done .with such goods, 
in order to carry the Act into effect, must be borne by the importer. ; (31.) Entry of Vessels 
outwards. The Master of every outward bound vessel, fiom any port in the Province, to any 
place beyond seas, or out of the limits of the Province, must deliver to the Collector an entry 
outwaids, of the destination of the vessel, her name, country and tonnage, (and if British, the 
Port of Registry.) the name and countiy of the master, the country of the owners, the number 
of the crew, and how many are of the country of the vessel. Entry of Cargo. Before her 
departure, the Master must deliver to the Collector, a content of the goods laden, and the names 
of the respective Shippers and Consignees, with the maiks and numbers of the packages or 
parcels, and subscribe a declaration to the truth o( the content, as far as known to him ; and 
moreover, go before the Collector, and answer such questions concerning the vessel, and the 
cargo, if any, and the cr^wand voyage, as shall be demanded ol him. ( learance. If the vessel 

, k be laden, the Collector shall thereupon make out and giv* to the Master, a certificate of clear 
ance of the vessel, for the intended voyage, containing an account ol the total quantities of the 
several sorts of goods laden ; or where there is no cargo, a certificate of the vessel s clearance 
in ballast. Penalty. lithe vessel shall depart without her clearance, or the Master deliver a 
false content, or not truly answer the questions demanded of him. he shall forfeit me sum of 
100 (32.) Constructive Warehousing. If after any goods shall have been duly entered or 
landed to be warehoused, or enteied and examined to be re-warehoused, and before they shall 
have been actually deposited in the waif-house, the importer shall furthei enter them, or any 
part of them, lor home use, or for exportation, as Irom the warehouse, they shall be considered 
as virtually and constructively warehoused, or re-warehoused, as the case may-be, although 
not actually deposited in the warehouse, and may be deliveied and taken tor home use or 
exportation. (33.) Bond for Exportation. Upon the entiy outwaids of goods to be 
exported trom the warehouse, the person entering must give bond in , double the amount 
of duties of importation, with a sufficient suiety to be appioved by the Collector ; when 
the entry shall be by sea. that the goods shall actually be expoiUd, and when by inland 
navigation, that they shall be landed and delivered at the place nanxd in the entry outwards; 
or in either case, that they shall be otherwise accounted fo,- to the satisfaction of the Collector, 
and that such further proof of their having been properly disposed of, as shall be required 
by regulation ol the Governor in Council, shall be produced to the Colhctor, within a period to 
be named in the bond ( 34 ) Brandinsf of Goods The Governor in Council may, by regulation, 
direct that any goods enteied at the Custom House, before being delivered by the office) s to the 
importer, shall be marked or stamped, in such manner as may be directed by such regulations 
for the security of the revenue. (33 ) Penally for forging maiks Jf any peison shall lorge or 
counterfeit any mark or brand, to resemble any which shall be piovidtd and used for the 
purpos s of the Act, or the impression of any such mark or brand, or sell, or expose to sale, or 
have in his custody, any goods with a counterfeit mark or brand, knowing it to be counterfeit, 
or use or affix any such mark or brand to any other s^ootls required to be stamped, olher than 
those to which it was originally affixed, such goods shall be foifeiled, ai:d every such offender, 
and those aiding, abetting, or assisting him, shall for every such offence fur It -it and pay i 50; 
the penalty to be summaiily recoverable, on legal proof, before ai>y two Justices ot the Peace; 
in default of payment, tiie party shall be committed to Gaol for a period not exceeding twelve 

.. calendar months. False Swearing. ll any wilfully false oath be made in any case where by 



"-CUSTOMS] 3f9 [LAW. 

the Act an oath is required or authorised, the party shall he guilty of wilful and corrupt perjury, 
and liable to punishment accordingly. (3(5.) Counterfeit ptipeis. If any person shall coun 
terfeit or falsify, or use when so counterfeited or falsified, any paper or document required under 
tha Act, or for any purpose therein mentioned, whether written printed, or otherwise, or shall 
by any false statement procure such document, or shall forge or counterfeit any certificate 
relating to any oath, affirmation or declaration required or authorized by the Act, knowing the 
same to be forged or counterfeited, such person shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, dnd upon 
conviction, liable to be punished accordingly. (37.) Goods pretended to be Smuggled. If any 
person shall offjr for sale any goods under pretence that they are prohibited, or have been un 
shipped, and run on shore, or brought in, by lander otherwise, without payment of duties, then all 
suchgoods (although not liable to any dutifs, nor prohibited) shall be forfeited, and the persons 
offering them for sale shall forfeit treble their value, or the penalty of JO, at the option of the 
prosecutor; which penalty shall be recoverable summarily, upon legal proof, before any one or 
more Justices of the Peace. In default of payment, on conviction, the offender shall be com 
mitted to Gaol -for a period not exceeding sixty days. (33.) Prevention of Smuggling. All 
officers and others employed in the Customs shall be deemed employed for the prevention of 
smuggling. In any suit or information, the averment that such party was so employed shall 
be sufficient, unless the defendant shall prove to the contrary. Their powers. Every such 
officer or person shall have full power, upon information cr reasonable grounds of suspicion, to 
detain, op>-n and examine any package suspected to contain prohibited property or smuggled 

-goods, and to board any vessel, boat, canoe, carriage, waggon, cart, sleigh, or other vehicle, or 
means of conveyance of any description whatever, and tc stop and detain them, whether 
arriving from places beyond or within the limits of the Province, and to rummage and search 
all parts of ihe m for prohibited, forfeited, or smuggled goods ; and if any such be found there, 
to seize the vessel or vehicle, with all the appurtenances attached to it at the time, and the 
goods and other things tnerein, and the same shall be forfeited. The officer in the discharge of 
this duty is authorised to call in such aid and assistance, in the Queen s name, as may be 
;:ecessary for securing and protecting the seized vessels, vehicles, or property. Justification of 
Officer. If no prohibited, forfeited, or smuggled goods shall be found, the officer or person 
employed, having had reasonable cause to suspect that such would be found therein, shall not 
be liable to any prosecution or action at law lor any such search, detention or stoppage. Penalty 

for refusing to stop. All .Masters or person > in charge of any such vessels, and -all drivers or 
persons conducting or having charge of such vehicles or conveyances, refusing to stop when 
required to do so by such officer or person in the Queen s name; or any person being present 
at any such seizure or stoppage, and being called upon in the Queen s name by such officer or 
person to aid and assist him in a lawful way, and refusing to do so, shall forfeit and pay 50; 
which penalty shall be summarily recovered, on legal proof, before any two Justices of the 
Peace; and in default of payment, the offender shall be committed to Gaol for a pericd not 
exceeding six months. (39.) Punishment for resisting Officers, $c. If any person shall, under 
any pretence, by actual assault, force or violence, or by threats of such, in any way resist, 
oppose, molpst or obstruct, any officer of Customs, or person acting in his aid or assistance, in 
the discharge of his duty, under the authorily of this or any other Act of the Province relating 
to Customs, tiadu, or navigation ; or shall wilfully or maliciously shoot at, or attempt to destroy 
or damaga any vessel or boat belonging to Her Majesty, or in th-e service of the Province, or 
maim or wound any officer of ihe Army, Navy, Marine, or Customs, or any person acting in 
his ai ! or assistance, while duly employed for the prevention of smiuul/ng, and in the execution 
of his duly ; or il any person shall be found with any goods liable to seizure or forfeiture, and 
carrying offensive arms or weapons, or in any way disguised ; or shall stave, break, or in any 
destroy any such goods, before or after their actual seizure ; or shall scuttle, sink, or cut adrift 
any vessel, or destroy or injure any vehicle, befoie or after such seizure: or shall wilfully and 
maliciously destroy or injure, by fire or otherwise, any Custom House, or any building what 
soever in which seized or forfeited goods are deposited or kept, such person, upon conviction, 
shall be adjudged guilty of felony, and punishable accordingly. (40.) Company found with, 

Smuggled tjoi.ls. If any five or more persons in company be found together, and they or art}/ 
of them shall have any g >ods liable to forfeiture under the Act, every such person shall be guilty 
of misdemeanor, and. punishable accordingly. (41.) Hiring persons to Smuggle. Any person 
who shall by any means procure or hire others, or depute or authorise them to assemble for the 
purpose of being concerned in the landing, or unshipping, or carrying, or conve)ing any goods 
which are prohibited to be imported, or the duties for which have not been paid or secured, 
shall for every person so procured or hired forfeit 25. (42.) Vessels hovering. If any vessel 
shall be found hovering, in British waters, within one league of the coasts or shores of the 
Province, any officer of Customs may board her, and freely stay on board while she shall 
remain wiihin the hmils of the Province. If the vessel be bound elsewhere, and continue 
hovering for twenty-four hours after the Master shall be required to depart by the officer of 
Customs, the la tcr may bring the vessel into port, and examine her cargo; and if any goods 
prohibited to be imported into the Province be found on board, the vessel, wilh her apparel, 
jigging, tackle, furni ure, stores and cargo, shall be forfeited. If the Master or peison in charge 
shall refuse to comply with the lawful directions of the officer, or shall not truly answer such 
questions as shall be put to him respecting the ship and vessel, or her cargo, he snail forfeit and 



CUSTOMS] 40 [LAW.. 

pay 100. (43.) Harboring Smuggled Good; If any person shall knowingly harbor, keep, 
conceal, purchase, sell or exchange, any goods illegally imported into the Province, whether 
dutiable or not, or whereon the duties payable shall not have been paid, he shall foifeit treble 
the value of the goods, as wll as the goods themselves. (44.) Vessels, $c., used in carrying 
forfeited Goods. A II vessels and boats, with their guns, tackle, apparel and furniture, carriages, 
harness, tackle, horses and cattle, made use of in the removal of any goods liable to lorfeiture 
under the Act, shall be forfeited. Every person who shall assist, or be otherwise concerned in 
the unshipping, landing or removal, or in the barborit.g of su?h goods, or into whose possession 
they shall knowingly come, shall, besides the goods, forfeit treble their value, or the penalty of 
50, at the option of the officer of Customs, or the party who shall sue for the s;,me. The 
averment in any information or libel to be exhibited for the recovery of such penalty, that the 
party has elecled to sue lor the sum mentioned, will be sufficient. (45.) Taking away Goods, 
4rc., seized. If any person, whether pretending to be the owner or not, shall secretly cr openly, 
with or without force or violence, take or carry away any goods, vessel, carriage, or other 
thing, which shall have bf-en seized or detained on suspicion as forfeited under the Act, before 
they shall have been declared by competent authority to have been seized without due cause, 
and with nit the permission of the officer seizing them, or of some competent authority, he 
shall be deemed to have stolen such goods, being the property ot Her Majesty, and to be guilty 
of felony, and punishable accordingly. (46 ) Where Goods seized shall be taken. If any goods, 
vessel, boat, or carriage, liable to forfeiture, shall be stopped or taken by any Police officer, or 
other person duly authorised, they shall be carried to the nearest Custom House, or place w ; hich 
shall have been appointed for the purpose by the Governor in Council, and delivered to the 
proper officer appointed to receive them, within forty-eight hours after they were stopped and 
taken. (47.) Goods stopped on suspicion of being stolen. If any such goods shall be stopped or 
taken by ihe Police officer on suspicion that tl,ey had been feloniously stolen, he shall carry 
them to the Police Office to which the i flender is taken, in order to be produced at the trial; 
and he shall give notice in writing to the Collector at the nearest port to where the goods are 
detained, of his having detained them, with the particulars. Immediately alter the trial they 
shall be conveyed to, and deposited in the Custom House, or oiher place appointed, and pro 
ceedings reldiive to them shall be had according to law. In case any Polise c fficer making 
detention of such goods shall neglect to convey them to the warehouse, or to give notice of 
having stopped them, he shall foifeit 25. Such penalty shall be recoverable s-immarily, before 
any one or more Justices of the Peace ; and in default of payment he shall be committed to 
Gaol for a period not exceeding thirty days. (4^.) Things seized and not claimed. Articles 
seized as foifeited shall be deemed -to be condemned, arid may be-dealt with accoidingly, unless 
the persons from whom they are seized, or the owners, shall give notice in wiiiing to the 
officer of Customs, within one calendar m nth. that they claim or intend to claim them. Any 
Judge having competent jurisdiction to try and determine the seizure, may, with the consent of 
the Collector where the articles are secured, order them to be delivered to the owner, on his giv 
ing bond, with two sufficient sureties, to be approved of by the Collector, to pay dui.ble the value 
in case of condemnation. The bonds shall be taken to Her Majesty s use, in the Collector s 
name, and kept by him. In case of condemnation of the articles seized, their value shall be 
forthwith p.iid to the Collector, and the bond cancelled; otherwise the penalty of the bond shall 
be enforced and recovered. (49.) Defendant to give security. Upon riling any information lor 
the recovery of any penalty or forfeiture, the Judge may, upon affidavit of the prosecuting 
officer, that there is reason to believe that the defendant will leave the Province without 
satisfying the penalty, issue a warrant for his arrest, and detention in the common Gaol of the 
District, until he gives satisfactory security for the payment, with costs, in case of conviction. 
Th -party prosecuting, if they recover the penalty, shall be entitled also to recover full costs 
of suit; and the whole may be levied on the goods and chattels, lands and tenements of the 
defendant, in the ordinary manner. (50.) Goods passing the Welland Canal, fyc. With regard 
to goods conveyed directly through the Welland Canal, or otherwise by land or inland navigation, 
from ore part of the fiontier bet ween the Province and the United Slates to another, without 
any intention of unlading the goods in the Province ; or with regard to travellers passing through 
a portion of the Piovinc , or coming into it with their carriages, baggage, &c., with the 
intention of forthwith returning to the United States; or with regard to persons who may have 
gone to the United States from the Province, and return- to it vrith such articles: though these 
may be strictly importations, it may, nevertheless, be inexpedient that duties should be levied 
o-ti them. The Governor in Council is therefore empowered, from time to time and as occasion 
may require, to- make regulations, and to direct under what circumstances the Only shall or 
shall not be paid, and under what conditions it shall be remitte i or returned; and to cause 
bonds or other securities t be given, or precautions taken, at the expense of the importer, 
(whether by placing officers of Customs on board of any vessel, or otherwise,) as to him shall: 
seem meet. On the refusal of any importer to comply with these regulations, the duty on the 
goods imported shall forthwith b< come payable; and anything so brought in and exempted; 
from duty, shall, if sold or offered lor sale without previous payment of duty, be held to have 
been illegally imported, and shall be forfeited. (51.) Courts of recovery. All penalties and. 
forfeitures may be sued for and recovered in the Courts of Queen s Bench or Vice Admiralty j 
if the amouut shall not exceed 50, then in the District or. Circuit Court of .the locality. (52.) : 



CUSTOMS] 41 

Prosecutions. All prosecutions shall be, unless other provision be made for the recovery, by 
the Attorney or Solicitor General, or in the name of some officer or officeis ot Customs, or other 
person or persons authorized by the Governor in Council, and by no oilier party. If brought 
before an inferior Court, it shall be r card and determined in a summary manner, upon 
information fyled; if before the Queen s Bench or Vice Admiral y, it shall be heiinl and deter 
mined as prosecutions for penalties and forfeitures are dealt with in the Court ot Exchequer in 
England. The forfeiture and penalty, after deducting the expenses ol pvostrution. sh. II, unless 
otherwise provided, belong to Her Majesty, for the public uses of the Province. There is here 
a special piovision that he net proceeds ol any penalty or fo;feimre, or any portion of it, may 
be divided between the Collector of the port where the seizure was made, or where the 
information was given on which the prosecution was founded, ai,d any person giving the infor 
mation, or otherwise aiding in effecting the condemnation of the goods, or the recoveiy of the 
penalty, in such proportions as the Governor in Council shall in any case, or class of cases, 
direct; but this is not to limit the power vested in the Governor in Council, with regard to the 
remission of perialt es or forfeitures. (53.) Proof of Duties paid. incase of any question 
arising as to the du.ies having been paid, or the goods having been lawfully importtd. or laden, 
or exported, or as 10 any other thing having been done by which the forfeiture would be 
prevented or the penalty avoided, the burden of proof shall lie on the owner or claimant of the 
goods, and not on the seizing officer or pnsecutor. (54.) Averment of O/mrc. In any 
prosecution or other proceeding, the averment that the oficiice was, commuted wi;hin the 
limits of any port shall be sufficient, without proof of such limits, unless the contra ly be proved. 
(55.) Perishable .Jrticl>$. In case of the seizure of cattle, or of any perishable article, the 
Collector may sell them wilhin such time as to prevent their becoming deterioiated in value, 
by the expense of keep or decay ; the proceeds to be kept until the aiticles are condemned, or 
deemed to be condemned, or ordered to be restored to the claimant; in which last case the 
Court shall order the Collector to pay the claimant the proceeds ol the sale, in lieu of .mauling 
restitution. But there is a special proyiso, that the Collector shall deliver to any claimant 
perishable articles seized, upon his depositing in the Collector s hands such a sim, of money as 
will represent their full value, or giving satisfactory secuiity that the value of the seizure and 
costs shall be paid to the use of Her Majesty, in case of condemnation. ()<>) How claijns 
must be entered. .No claim for articles seized arid returned into Court lor adjudication, shall be 
admitted as valid, unless entered in the name of the owner, wilh his residence and occupation, 
under oath, as to the property, by himself or his agent, knowing the iiict. (57.) Sc/tirity. 
To render the claim valid, sufficient security must be jMven, under a penalty nt exceeding 
50, lor the costs and penalty; and in default of security, the stizme shul! be dealt 
with as if no claim had been made. (5S.) Notices. Notice of inloiniain.n exhibited 
in Court, for the condemnation of goods seized, must be forthwith put up in the office 
of the Clerk or Prothonatory of such Court, and in the office of the Collector of Customs 
of the port where the goods are secured. If the owner shall exhibit a claim to them, and 
give security, and comply with the other requirements of the Act, thin the touit. at its next 
sitting, after the notice shall have been posted during one calendar month, may pmcetd to hear 
and determine the claim, and release or condemn the seizuie ; otherwise, ulier the expiration 
of the month, the goods shall be deemed to be condemned, and may be sold accuidiiigly. But no 
claim on behalf of any parly who shall have given notice of his intention to cUim. before the 
posting of the notices in Court, &C., shall be admitted, unless vaiidly made wiihin one week 
after such posting; nor shall any claim be admitted, unless notice thereol shall be given to the 
Collector within one calendar month fro.n the seizure. (5!).) duct, on. Ul sales shall he by 
public auction, after reasonable public notice, subject to such further iei,ulanons as may be 
made by the Governor in Council. (6J.) Notice of .dction. I\o writ shall be sued out against,, 
nor copy of any process served upon any officer of the Customs, or peisou employt-d lor the 
prevention of smuggling, for anything done in the exercise of his office, until one calendar 
month after notice in writing shall have been delivered to him. or lelt at h.s u.-u.l place of 
abode, by the Attorney or agent of the parly who intends to sue oui such pun-ess. The 
notice must contain, clearly and explicitly, the cause ot the action, the name and place 
of abode of the person who is to bring it, and of the Attorney or agent ; and no evidence 
of any cause of action shall be produced, except whit shall be contained in the notice 
referring to it; nor shall any verdict or judgment be given tor the Plaintiff, unless he shall prove 
on the trial that such notice was given ; ami in default of such pi oof, the defendant sha I receive 
judgment and costs (61.) Jlimnds. The defendant may tender amends to the complainant, 
within one calendar month after such notice, and plead such tender in bar of action, with 
other pleis : if the court shall deem the amends sufficient. judgment shall follow for the defendant,, 
with like costs as if he had pleaded the general issue; and the result shall be the same, n case 
the plain tiff sha I become non-suited, o; shall discontinue his action, or judgment shall be given 
for the defendant upon demurrer or otherwise. The defendant may, by leave f the court, at 
any time before issue joined, pay money into court, as in other actions (1)2., Time and Place 
of Action. Every action must be brought within three calendar months after ihe cause shall 
have arisen ; and must be laid and tried in the distiict where the facts were committed : the 
defendant may plead the general issue, and give the special matter in evidence. (t>3 ) Probable 
Cause, If the court shall certify upon the tecoid, that the defendant acted upon probable cause,, 



CUSTOM*] 42 [LAW. 

th?n the plaintiff shaft not be entitled to more than one shilling damages,-nor to any costs of suit. 
(64.) Action* for seirr.re. If in any action on account of any seizure, the court shall certify on 
the record that there was probible caue of seizure, the claimant shall not be entitled to costs, 
nor shall the person who made the seizure be liable to any other suit or prosecution on account 
of it; and if any suit or prosecution shall be brought, in which a verdict or judgment shall be 
given against the d-fendan% the plaintiff, if probable cause be certified on the record, besides the 
thing seized, or its value, shall not be entitled to more than one shilling damages, nor to any 
costs; nor shall the defendant in any prosecution in such case be fined more than sixpence. 
(63.) Limitation of Suits All actions for the recovery of penalties or forfeitures may be com 
menced at any time within three years after the offence committed (66. ) Jl/ipsah An appeal 
shall lie from the conviction by a 1 Justice of the Peace, to the Quarter Sessions, to be tried by a 
jury, on furnishing bonds with two sufficient sureties, to the satisfaction of the convicting Justice, 
to abide the event oi such appeal ; and also from the District and Circuit Courts, and the Courts 
of Queen s Bench, in cases where the amount of the penalty or fo;feiture shall be such, that if a 
judgment for a like amount were given in a civil case, an appeal would lie; to be prosecuted in 
the same way with ordinary appeals. If the appeal be brought by the Attorney or Solicitor 
General, it shall not be necessary for them to give security. (67) Restoration of Goods 
The execution of any decision or judgment for restoring goods to the claimant, shall not be 
suspended by reason of an appeal, provided the appellant shall give sufficient security, to be 
approved of by the court, to restore the goods or their full value, (to be ascertained by agreement 
or appraisement, i to the appellant, in case of a reversal of the judgment on appeal, and the ulti 
mate condemnation of the goods. 1 63.) False Declaration If any declaration required to be 
made (except in cases otherwise provided for!, be untrue in any particular, or any questions 
required to he put by-any officer of customs, be not truly answered, the guilty parly shall, over 
and above any other penalty to which he may become subject, forfeit ,l OJ currency. 
(69 ) Writs of .4msJe.ice Uwder the authority of a writ of assistance proceeding from a Judge 
of the Court of Queer s Bench, or of Vice Admiralty, the resident Jud^e of the District of Three 
llivers, the Provincial Judge of the District of St. Francis, <or a District Judge of the District of 
Gaspe, any officer of customs, or person employed for the purpose, may, \vi h the c ncurrence 
of the Governor in Council, taking with him a peace-officer, enter in the day time any building 
or other place- within the jurisdiction of the court granting the writ, and search for and seize any 
goods liable forfeiture; and. in case of necessity, break open any doors, chests, or other pack 
ages for that purpose. Writs of assistance shall continue in force .during the whole of the reign 
in which they granted, and for twelve months longer. (70.) Per-ttiit. Any person having occa 
sion to remove j;o.ids that have been duly entered and the duties paid, from one port to another, 
the Collector, on the- requisition in writing of such person within thirty days after the entry of 
the goodi, specifying the particular goods ami packages to b_ removed, with their marks and 
numbers, shall give a permit in writing under liis hand, for their removal, bearing date on the 
day it shall be in ide, containing the like particulars, and certifying that the goo. Is have been 
duly entered and the.duties paid, and statins; the port at which they were paid, and that to which 
it is intended to convey tham, and the mode of conveyance, and the period within which they arc 
intended lobe so conveyed. (71.) Officers Conniving. If any officer of customs or person 
employed for the prevention of srrriggliii^, with the concurrence of the Governor in Council, 
shall make any collusive s -iziire, or deliver up, or make any agreement to deliver up, or not to 
eeize any thing liable to seizure, or shall take or accept any promise of any bribe, gratuity, 
recompense or reward, for the neglect or non-performance of his diuy, he s all forfeit for every 
offence ) ),). and be rendered incapable of serving Her Majesty in any office whatever; and 
any person who shall give or offer, or promise to give, or procure to be jjven, any bribe, recom 
pense, or reward, lo. or shall in ike anv collusive agreement with, any such officer or person, to 
induce him in any way to neglect his d-ity, or so to conceal or connive at any \ct, whereby the 
provisions of this Act or any other relating to Customs. &c., might be evaded, shall loifeit 500. 
(72.) Regulations for Boxihnz and Branding, f-; . The Governor ii; Council is authorized, from 
time to time, to make regulations relating to the warehousing and bonding of such cattle and 
swine as may be slaughtered and cured ; and of such wheat, maize and other grain as may be 
ground and packed in bond ; and for branding and marking all duly paid goods, and goods entered 
lor exportation ; and for regulating and declaring; what allowances shall be made lor tare on the 
JTOSS weight of goods ; ami for declaring what siiall be coasting trade, and how the same shall 
];e regulated ; and f>r appoin.ting places and porls of entry, and warehousing and bonding ports; 
End respecting gCKlds and vessels passing the Canals, and respecting he hoiscs and vehicles and 
.personal bagg,ig^ of travellers coming int" this Province or returning thereto or passing through 
any portion thereof; and for exempting fro.n duty, any flour or meal or other produce of i<ny wheat 
or graiti grown in and taken out of the Province into the United States to be ground, and brought 
back into the Province, within two days after such wheat or grain shall have b.:en taken out to be 
ground ; or any b >ards. plank or scantling, the produce of any logs or timber, grown in and taken 
out of the PP>\ inee. into the United Stat S, to be sawn and brought back into the same, within 
seven days after such logs or timber shall have beyn so taken out lo bj sawn, and for regulating 
the quantity to be so taken O tt or brought in at any one time, by any parly, an ! the mode in 
which the claim to exemption shall be established and proved; and for authorizing the appoint 
ment of waiehouses, and regulating the security which shall be taken from warehouse-keepers 



CUSTOMS] 43 [LAW. 

the forms: and conditions s .ibjec t to -which goods are to be warehpused, the mode of keeping goods 
in warehouse, the allowance for natural waste and deficiency, and the amount of warehouse 
rent; artd upon application, if he shall see fit, either by general regulation or special order, to 
extend the time lor clearing warehoused goods in bond from one port to another ; and for regu- 
latic< r the form in which transfers of goods in warehouse or bond, from one paity to another, 
shall be entered ; for exempting goods from duty, as provided: by the third section of the Act, 

arid regulating the rno<U; of proving such exemption ; and for eppointing the manner in which 
the proceeds of penal lies artd forfeitures shall be distributed; and lor any other purpose for 
which, by this or any other Actor By-Law relating to Customs, trade and navigation, the 
Governor in Council is empowered to make orders or regulations. He may, should he deem it 
expedient, make general regulations in any matters in which he may make a special order; 
and these shall apply, in each particular case, wittin the extent and meaning thereof, as fully 
^nd effectually as if they referred directly to each particular case, within the extent and meaning 
thereof, and the officers, (Vnctinnaries, and parties had been specially named therein; and to 
authorise the talcing ol such bonds and security as he may deem advisable, for the performance 
of any condition -on which any remission, or part remission of duty, indulgence, or permission, 
shall be granted to any party, or of any other condition made by such party, in any matter 
relating to the Customs, or to trade, or navigation; which bonds, and all bonds taken with the 
sanction of the Governor in Council, expressed either by general regulation or by special order, 
shall be valid in law, and upon breach of any of the conditions thereof, may be sued and pro 
ceeded upon in like manner as any other bond entered into under this or any other Act relating 
to the Customs. (73.) Penalties, lye. All goods shipped or unshipped, imported or exported, 

carried or conveyed, contrary to any regulation so made by the Governor in Council, and all 
goods or vehicles, and all vessels under the value of 100 currency, with regard to which the 
requirements of any such regulation shall not have been complied with, shall be forfeited; and 
if any such vessel shall be of or over the value of 100, the Master shall by such non-com 
pliance incur a penalty of 100. Such forfeitures and penalties shall be recoverable, and may 
be enforced in the same manner, before the same Court and tribunal, as if incurred by the 

i contravention of any direct provision of the Act; and all general regulations to be made by 

the Governor in Council, under the Act, shall have lorce and effect from and after the day ou 

which the same shall be published in the official Gazette, or from and after such later day as 

shall be appointed for the purpose in such regulations, and during si.ch time as shall be therein 

expressed; or if no time shall be expressed for that purpose, then until the same shall be 

revoked or altered. All such regulations may be revoked, varied, or altered by any subsequent 

regulation; and a copy of the official Gazette containing any such regulation, shall be evidence 

of it, to all intents and purposes whatsoever. (74.) Copies of Orders.. Any ropy of an older 

of the Governor in Council, -made in any special matter, and not being a genen.l regulation, 

certified as a true copy by the Clerk of the Executive Council or his Deputy, shall be evidence 

of it, to all intents and purposes whatsoever. (75 ) Bonds. All bonds and securities shall be 

taken by the Collector or principal officer of the Customs, at the place where the same is to 

be taken, and to and for the use and benefit of Her Majesty, her heivs and successors ; and such 

bonds shall be taken before the delivery of any goods, &C., and before the performance of any 

act or matter with regaid to which the taking of the bonds may be required. All bonds and 

securities shall be, as nearly as practicable, uniform; and piinted or lithographed forms of 

bonds shall be kept in each Custom House throughout the Province. (76.) Llciik Forms. 

All forms and papers necessary for the transaction of any business at the respective Custom 

Houses or places or ports of entry, in the Province, shall henceforth be printed uniformly, and 

supplied by the proper officer to all such Collectors or other officers as may be in charge of any 

Custom House, and other officers of Customs at any port or place of entry within the Piovioce, 

for the use of persons transacting Customs business thereat (77.) Duties ever -paid. Although 

any duty of Customs shall have- been over-paid, or although after any duty of Customs shall 

have been charged and paid, it shell appear, or be judicially established, that the same had been 

-charged under an erroneous construction of the law. it shall not be lawful to return any such 

over-charge, after the expiration of three years fiom the date of such payment. (78.) Time of 

Importation, $c. Whenever, on the levying of any duty, or for any other purpose, it shall 

become necessary to determine the precise time of the importation or expectation of ^ny goods, 

or of the arrival or departure of any vessel, such importation, if mudf by sea. coastwise, or by 

inland navigation, in any decked vessel, shall be deemed to have be n completed liom the time 

the vessel in which such goods shall be imported, came will. in the limits of the port at which 

they ought to be reported; and if mode by land, or by inland navigation, in any undecked 

vessel, then from the time such goods were brought within the limits of the Province. And ths 

exportation of any goods shall be deemed to have been completed fiom the time of the legal 

shipment of such goods for exportation, alter due entry outwards, in any docked vessel, or from 

the time the goods shall have been carried beyond ihu limits o! the Fiovince, if the exportation 

be by land or in any undecked vessel. And the time of univ;.l of any vessel jhall be deemed to 

be the time at which the report of such vessel thu 1 be, or ought to have been rru;de ; and the 

time of the departure of any vessel, to be the time of the last clearance of such vessel on the 

voyage for which she departed. The Act, as is customary, contains an interpretation clause, 

of certain terms aud expressions used in it. 



CUSTOMS] 44 

TABLE OF DUTIES OF CUSTOMS. 



[LAV- 



SPECIFIC DUTIES. 




s. d. 



viz : 
Cows & Heifers, each, . ... ... .. 

Calves, each, 

Goats, each, 

Horses, Mares, Geldings, Colts, Fil 
lies, Foals, each, 

Kids, each, 

Lambs, each, 

Oxen, Bulls. Steers, each,. . 

Pigs, (sucking) each, 

Swine and Hogs, each, 

Sheep, each. 

CANDLES, Wax, the lb., 

Sperm, the lb., 

Tallow, the lb., . . . . .. 

All other kinds 

CHOCOLATE, the lb., . , . 

COCOA, thelb.,.. 

COFFEE, Green, thelb, 

Roasted, the lb., 

Ground, the lb., 

CORN BROOMS, the dozen, 

FISH, Salted or Dried, per 112 Ibs.,. . 

Pickled, the barrel, 

FLOUR, the barrel of 196 lbs;, ... 

FKUIT, viz : 

Almonds, the lb., 

Apples, the bushel, . . 

Do. Dried, the bushel, . . 

Currants, the lb., 

Figs, the lb ] 

Nuts of all kinds, tt.e lb., .. 

Peaches, the bushel, ... 

Pears, the bushel, 

Prunes, the lb., 

Quinces, the bushel, 

Raisins. Muscatel, Bloom, and 

Bunch, in boxes, the lb 

Do., otherwise, the lb., 

GLASS, Window and Common German 

sheet, per box of 50 feet, 

GP. VIN, viz : 

Wheat, the quarter, 

Barley, the quarter, 

Buckwheat, Bere and Bigg, the 

quarter, . . 

Maize, or Ind. an Corn, the quarter 

of 480 Ibs., 

Oats, the quarter, 

Rye, Beans, and Peas, 

Meal of the above Grains and of 
Wheat not bolted, he l. Jfj Ibs.,. . 

Bran or Mmrts, the ll^lbs., 

Hops, the lb., 

HONEY, the lb., . 

INDIA RUBBER Boots and Shoes, the 

pair, 

LEATHER, viz : 

Goat ^kins. tanned, tawed, or in any 

way dressed, the dozen, 
Lamb or Sheep Skins, tanned, (awed 
or in any way dressed the dozen, 



1 



2 6 
5 
2 6 



1 15 
2 6 
1 



Articles. 



i 



15 
6 

5 
2 
3 
3 
1 
2 
2 
C, 
] , 


4 

1 3 

2 6 
5 

3 

1J 

& 

1 
1 
1 

I 

1 
1 

1 

1 

1 

1 3 

3 
3 

30 

3 

2 

3 

2 
3 
3 



7J 

5 Q 
2 6 



1 



Duty Currenry. Dut y 

CalfSkins, tanned, tawed, or in any 

way dressed, the lb., 

Kip Skins, thelb., 

Harness Leather, the lb., 

Upper Leather, the lb., 

Sole Leather, the lb., 

Leather cut into shapes, the lb., ... 
Patent or Glazed Leather, the lb.,.. 
All Leather not above described, the 

ib...... :... 

LEATHER MANUFACTURES, viz: 
Women s Boots and Shoes, the dozen, 
Girls Boots and Shoes, under 7 inches 

in length, the dozen, including all 

kinds, 

Children s Boots and Shoes over 

three inches in length, the dozen,. 
Infant Shoes, under three inches in 

length, the dozen, 

Men s Roots, the pair, 

Men s shoes, the pair v 

Boys Boots under eight inches in 

length, the pair, ... 

Boys shoes under 8 inches in length 

the pair, 

LIQUIDS, not spirituous, viz : 
Ale and Beer in casks, per gallon,. 
Dp. do, in bottles, per dozen, 

Cider and Perry, the gallon, 

Vinegar, the gallon, 

MACCARONI and VERMICELLI, the lb., 
MOLASSES and TREACLE, the cwt.,. . 
OILS, Olive, in casks, the gallon, . . . 

Do. in Jars, or Bottles, the gallon,. 

Lard, the gallon, . . 

Linseed, the gallon, ... 

Sperm Oil, ... 

Other Oil from creatures living in 
the sea, 

PAPER, &c., 

Coarse or wrapping, the cwt., . . . 

Printing, the cwt., 

Writing, the cwt., 

Tissue, the lb., 

Music, the lb., 

Marbled or Glazed, the lb., 

Drawing, the lb.,.. .. 

Pasteboard and Cards, the cwt., 

liristol, or Drawing Boards, the lb., 
Milled, or Trunk Maker s Boards, 

the cwt., 

PLAYINGCARDS, the pack, 

POTATOES, the bushel, 

PROVISIONS, viz : 

Butter, the cwt., 

Cheese, the cwt., 

Bacon & Hams, the cwt., 

Salted, the cwt., 

Pickled, the cwt., 

Fresh, the cwt., 



CurrpncT. 

-t .. 4 

4 
2 
If 
Ij 
2 
4 
4 



6 6 

2 6 
26 

1 6 

2 
7i 

1 
4 

4 

1 3 

1J 
3 

01* 

4 

3 

1 3 
5 

2J. 
06 



1 

2 9 
5 

10 
1J 

1$ 
li 

o ijj 

4 

1J. 

3 
3 
3 

7 fl 

5 

6 
6 
6 

4 ft) 



.CUSTOMS] 



[LAW. 



Articles. 



:RtrM, for every gallon (of old Wine 
measure) proof by Sykes Hydrome 
ter, all Spirits above that strength 
to be reduced to equivalent of Proof, 
Sweetened or mixed, per gallon, .... 

SALT, viz : 

Coarse, made from Salt Springs, per 

bushel, ..... .. ................ 

Fine, or basket, or stoved, 2d. per 

bushel, and 5 per cent, ad valo 

rem. 
Salt, from Mines, known as Rock 

Salt, and Salt made irom Sea Wa 

ter, per ton, .................. 

SPICES, viz : 

Cassia, the lb., .................. 

Cinnamon, the lb., ...... ........ 

Cloves, thelb., .................. 

Nutmegs, the lb., ................ 

Pimento, tbe lb., ............ 

Pepper, the lb., . . . .............. 

Ginger per lb ................... 

Allspice per lb .................. 

Mace, the lb., .......... ....... 

SPIRITS, except Rum, as of Proof, the 

old Wine gallon, ............ 

Sweetened or Mixed, including Bit 

ters, per gallon, .............. 

STJG <VR, Refined or Candy, per cwt., . . 1 
Muscovado, per cwt. ... ....... 

Clayed per cwt. (together withal 

for every 103 value.) ......... 

Eastard, per cwt., (and 10 for 

every 100 value,) ............ 

In which are preserves, per civt.,. .1 
.SCCCADES, including Confectionary, 
,20 per cent; and on the 11., ....... 



B. d. 



1 3 
3 



2 



1 6 

2.J 

i i 

5 

1 

1 

1 

1 
4 

2 

3 
7 6 

15 3 

15 3 

12 

6 6 

2 



2 
6 



10 

7 



4 

40 



.Articks. 

Duty Currenejt 
s. d. 
SYRUPS, except Spirits, the gallon,... 1 

TEA, thelb., 2 

TOBACCO, viz : 

Unmanufactured, thelb.,.. 

Manufactured, thelb., 

Snuff, the lb., 

Segars, the lb., 30 

WINE, (in addition to 10 per cent on 
value, including Cask and bottles.) 

the old Wine gallon, 10 

WOOD, Staves Standard or Measure 
ment, permille, 1 50 

Puncheon or West Indian, viz : 
V\ hite Oak, per standard mille, . . 

Rtd Oak, do. do 

Ash do. do 

Barrel do. do 

Deals, Pine, per Quebec standard 

hundred, 15 

Spruce, do. do 7 6 

Handspikes, per dozen, 03 

Oars, per pair, 03 

Planks, Boards, and all kinds of 
Sa%ved Lumber not herein charged 
with duty, per thousand super 
ficial Icet, inch thick, and so in 
proportion for any greatei thick 
ness, 

Pine, White, arid in proportion for 
any smaller quantity thereof, per 

one thousand cubic feet, 1 3 

Red, per one thousand cubic feet,l 15 6 
Oak, per one thousand cubic feet,. .2 15 
Birch, per one thousand cubic feet,. 2 10 Q 
Ash, Elm, Tamarac, or Hacmatac, 
and other woods not herein 
charged with duty, per one thou 
sand cubic feet, 1 5 



7 C 



AD VALOREM DUTIES. 

One per Cent. 

The following Articles shall be liable to a duly of 1 on every 100 of the value ihtrso^i 



Anchors and Chain Cables ; Ashes: 

Bark; Burr Stones, unwrouijht; Berries, Nuts, 
Vegetables and Woods, used in dyeing; 

Coals, Coke, and Cinders ; Cotton Wool and 
Cotton Yarn ; Copper in Sheet and Bar 
Copper. Pig and Sheathing ; Cocoa Nut OiJ 

Drugs used tolely for dyeing; 

Fire Wood ; Flower Roo s ; 

Grease and Scraps ; 



melting; Sheet and floop Iron; 
Junk or Oakum ; 
,Lard ; Lead in Pig; 

Marble in block, unpolished; 



; |0res of all Metals; 
Palm Oil; 
Resin ; 
Saw Logs ; Straw 

Stone for building 



Hides ; Hardwood 



tured ; Hay 
dressed 



for Furniture, unmanufac 
Hemp, Flax, and Tow, un 



Steel in Bar ; Soda 



Tallow ; Teasles; Tin, Sheet and Block ; Trees, 
Shrubs, Bulbs and Roots; Type Metal, w 
Blocks or Pigs ; Tar and Pitch ; 

Wool ; Woollen. Yarn ; 



Indigo ; Iron Bar, Rod and Nail, Boiler Flutes, 

Pig, Rail-road Bars, Scraps and Old for re-|Yellow Metal. 

Fire per Cent. 

Thvfolhu-inz Articles shall be liable to a duty o/5 on every 100 of the vilut thvrtvfi 



Books, printed, bound, unbound or in sheets ; 
Drugs, being in a crude or unprepared fclate. 
Except Dye-stuffs ; 

, Skins and Ptltriet, dreceed or undressed ; 



Rice; 
Shingles; 
Tortoise Shell; 
Wire, Iron. 



CUSTOMS], 



46 



[LAW. 



Seven and a Half per Cent. . 

The following .Articles shall be liable to a duty of 7 10s. on every 100 of Hie vcrhie thereof :- - 



Blank books, bound, unbound, or in sheets; 



Mules arid Asses ; Mustard ; Medicines; Musi 
cal Instruments of Wood ; Mercury; Marble, 
Polished or Cut ; 



Burr Stones, Wrought ; 
Chicory; Chains; Cotton Manufactures of; 

Cordage; Canvass; Camblets and Cambie- Oil cr Spirits of Turpentine; Oil,. Castor; Oil,. 

tines? Cain Work; Casks, empty ; Casts in all, not otherwise enumerated; Oil Cloth; 

Master of Paris or Composition, unless their Oysters, Lobsters Turtles, and all other Shell 

material is otherwise charged with a higher! Fish fresh; 

duty ; (Paints, Unground 5 Paints, Water Colors; Paint 

Drawings, Engravings, Maps, Globes ; Brushes ; 

Extracts ai:d Essences used as .Medicines ; Quills ; 

Earthen and Stoneware; Spermaceti, except Candles; Sponge; Starch; 

Ftars and Skins Manufactures of; Fins and] Straw Boards : for .Book Binders; Sulphur; 

Skins, the produce of creatures living in the^ iles and Rooting ; Toys; Turpentine; Thread, 

sea ; Feathers ; Flowers, Artificial, net Silk: 1 Linen; 
Goods whose foundation is Wool ; Glass JVlariu- Vetches ; Varnish ; 

factures, not otherwise dese.ibed, Gun-powder: Whalebone ; Worsted, Manufactures of; W T ool- 

Guns and Fire Arms; Gold and Silver Leaf ;| Ion, Manufactures of ; Wax; Manufactures 
Hair, Manufactures of j Horns, Horn Tips andj o Wax, except Candles; 

Pieces; Hardware, Shelf Goods and .Cutlery ;;Silk, raw ; Silk, Manufactures of, not Millinery 

Hats; Hemp, Flax- or Tow in any way 

dressed ; 
Juice of Limes, Lemons or Oranges, not mixed 

with Spirits or sweetened, so as ta be Syrup: 
Ii;k, Printers ; Ivoty^ Bone and Horn^r- Manu 
facture! of ; 
Lead Manufactures of ; Lead, for. Paint not 

ground with Oil; Ground in Oil for. Taint ; 

Linen and Linen Manufactures; 



made up; Silk,, all Goods being in whole 

or part silk. not otherwise specified; Silk 

Sewing Cord and Tassels ; 
Wood, all Manufactured. Articles of, having 

no part metal; 
And all Goods, Wares and Merchandizes, not 

otherwise charged with duty, and not herein 

declared, to,.be lice oi.iluty. . 



Ten per Cent. 



The following Articles shall be liable to a duly 
Biscuits and Crackers; Bastard Suga^logether 

with 12s. per cwt. ; 
Clayed Sugar, together with 15s. ScUper cwt. ; 

Cork and Cork Manufactures ; 
Eggs 5 

Fruit, unenurr.#rated ; 
Leather Manufactures not described j 
Machines for Agricultural pnr.pqses, except 

Threshing Machines and . Farming Mills; 

Meats prepared otherwise than by .Salt or 

pickle j Musical Instruments of Metal ; 



of 10 on every 100 af the-value thereof: 
Oil, Animal, .except Lard ;. Oil, Vegetable, not 

otherwise enumerated; Oil, Essential; Oil, 

Chemical and Volatile; Oil, Perfumed; 
Paper Manufactures not otherwise charged with 

duty ; Plate and Plated Ware ; Poultry, alive 

or dead ; 
Sausages and Puddings ; Seeds r Garden, Flower 

and .Vegetable ; Soaps of all kinds; 
Vegetables, fresh; 
Wine, in addition to Is* a gallon, old Wine 

measure. 



Twelve and a Half per Cent. 

The following Articles shall be liable to a duty of \2 10s. for every 1.00 of the value thereof: 
Axes and Scythes ; Flowers, Artificial, in part or whole Siik; Fan- 



Billiard and Bagatelle Balls of Wood and Tvory ; 

Balls used at Bowls or nine Pins; Billiard 

Tables; Bagatelle Tables ; 
Camphine Oil; Carriages and Vehicles; Parts 



ning or Bark Mills; 
Jewellery, set or unset ; 
Machinery of all kinds, and parts thereof; 
Silk MiHinery made up; Silk Velvet; 



of Carriages and Vehicles ; Castings; Clocks Threshing Machines, and Fanning and Bark 
and Watches; Parts of Clocks and Watches; Mills* 
Pice ; 

Fifteen per Cent. 

The following .Articles shall be -liable to a duty of 15 on every 100 &f the value thereof: 



Extracts, Essences arid Perfumery, not other 
wise provided for; 
Fi&h, preserved in Oil ; Fruit, preserved ; 



Ginger, preserved ; 
Pickles and Sauces. 



Twenty per Cent. 

The following Articles shall be liable to a duty of 20 on every 100 ofi the valm -thereof : 



Koulette Tables ; 

Succades and Confectionary made of- Sugar. 



either in whole or in part, in addition to 2d. 
pex Ib. 



UUSTOMSJ 



47 



[LAW 



TABLE OF EXEMPTIONS. 



ANATOMICAL PREPARATIONS when imported 
expressly for the use of any College or l-chool 
of Anatomy or Surgery incorporated by Royal 
Charter or Act ot Parliament, and not im 
ported for sale. 

COPIES of the HOLY SCRIPTURES printed in 
the United Kingdom of Great Britain and 
Ireland, and not imported for sale. 

BOOKS and, MAPS and^ Illustrative Drawings, 
imported for the use of any library to which 
the public may have free admission, as also 
lor the Libraries of either Branch of the 
Legislature. 

COIN and, BULLION. 

DONATIONS of BOOKS or CLOTHING specially 
imported for the use. of, or to be distributed 
gratuitously by any Charitable (Society in this 
Province. 

FISH, fresh, not described. 

HOUSES and CARRIAGES of TRAVELLERS, and 
Horses, Cnttle and Carriages and other Ve 
hicles, when employed in carrying merchan 
dize, together with the necessary Harness and 
Tackle, so long : as the same are bona fide in 
use for that purpose, except the Horses, 
Cattle, Carriages and Vehicles and Harness, 
of persons hawking goods, wares and mer 
chandizes through the Province for the -pur 
pose of retail, and the Horses, Carriages arid 
Harness of any Circus or Equestrian Troop 
for exhibition. The Horses, Carriages, Cara 
vans and Harness ot any Menagerie to be free, 
and Horses aud Cattle belonging to persons 
coming into the Province lor the purpose ol 
actually settling therein. 

HiiDES, OFFAL and TALLOW of Cattle and 
Swine, slaughtered in bond. 

MANURES of all kinds. 

HODELS of MACHINERY, aad of other inven 
tions and improvements in the Arts. 

PACKAGES containing Dutiable Articles. 

PHILOSOPHICAL APPARATUS, Instruments, 
Books, Map.s, Stationery, Busts, and Casts ol 
Marble, Bronze, Alabaster or Plaster of Paris, 
Paintings, Drawings, Engravings, Etchings, 
specimens of Sculptures, Cabinets ot Coins, 
Medals, Gems, and all other collections of 
Antiquities, provided the same be specially 
imported in good faith for the use of any 
Society incorporated or established for Philo 
sophical or Literary pursuits, or for the en 
couragement ol Fine Arts, or for the use or 



by the order of any University, College^ 
Academy, School or Sernwiary of Learning 
within this Province. 

PHILOSOPHICAL APPARATUS, kc.&c., imported 
for use by any public Lecturer for the purpose 
of gain, and to be re-expoite:>,isha.!l be allowed 
to be entered under Bond of two good and 
sufficient persons for their exportation within 
the specilied time. 

ARMS or CLOTHI>G which any Contractor or 
Contractors, Commissaiy or .Commissaries, 
shall impQtt or bring into the Province for 
the use of Her Majesty s Army or Navy, or 
for the use of the Indian Nations in this Pro 
vince; Provided the duty otherwise payable 
would be defrayed or borne by the Treasury 
of the United Kingdom orol this Province. 

SPECIMENS of Natural History, Mineralogy or 
Botany. 

SEEDS of all kinds.. Farming Utensils and Im 
plements of Husbandry; Animals for the 
improvement of Stock, when specially im 
ported in good faith by any Society incor 
porated or established for the encouragement 
of Agiicui iure. 

WEARING APPAREL in actual use, and other 
Personal Effects not merchandize, Imple 
ments and Tools of Trade ol handy-eraflsmen, 

, in the occupation or employment of persons 
coming into the Province for the purpose of 
actually settling therein. 

The native Produce and -Manufactures of all or 
any such of the other British North American 
Colonies as shall admiftlhe native Produce arid 
Manufactures ol Canada free of duty, shall bs 
entitled to exemption from duties under this 
Act, with the exception of Spirituous Liquors. 

,/?/o : Cordage. Salt. Sailed or Cured Meats, 
Flour, Biscuits, Molasses, Pitch, Tar, Tur 
pentine, Leather, Leather-ware, Fishermen s 
Clothing and Hosiery, Fishing Craft, Utensils 
ad Instruments imported into the District of 
Gaspe from the United ,. Kingdom, or the 
Channel Islands or neighbouring Colonies, for 
the use of the Fisheries catiied on therein: 
subject to such regulations- as the Principal 
Cliicer of Customs at the Port of Quebec shall 
make, and which he is hereby empowered to 
establish for the purpose of ascertaining that 
such articles are bona fide intended to ba 
applied to the use of such Fisheries. 



TABLE OF PROHIBITIONS. 



The following articles are Prohibited i be imported, under a penally of 50 together vntk the 
forfeiture of the Parcel or Package of Goods in which the same shall be founds 

BOOKS and Drawings ;i an imraoralor indecent COIN, Base or Counterfeit. 



48 
THE COPYRIGHT LAW. 

The Law of Copyright, as extended last session of the Prov ncial Parliament, is intimately 
-connected with the Customs Law, and may be said to form part of it; for the works of author! 
who do not avail themselves of its provisions, may be re-printed and imported into Canada, on 
the same terms as ordinary printed books. The Act, 4 and 5 Vic. cap. 61, entitled " Jin Act far 
the protection of Copy rights in this Province," provides, 1 hat any person or persons resident in 
the Province, who shall be the author or authors of any book or bonks, map, chart, or musical 
composition, which may be LOW made or composed, and not printed or published, or which shall 
hereafter be made or composed, or who shall invent, design, etch, engrave, or cause to b 
engraved, etched or made from his own design, any print or engraving, and the executors, 
administrators or legal assigns of such person or persons, shall have the sole right and liberty of 
printing, reprinting, publishing and vending such bo -k or books, map, chart, musical composi 
tion, print, cut or engraving.iin whole or in part, for the term of twenty-eight years, from the 
time of recording the title thereof, in the manner provided by the Act. If at the expiration of 
the said term, the author be still living and residing in the Province, or being dead shall have 
left a widow, or child or children living, the same exclusive right shall be continued to him or 
them, as the case may be, -for the further time of fourteen years : Provided the title of the work 
secured shall be recorded a second time, and all other regulations prescribed by the Act in 
regard to original copyrights be again complied with within six months after the expiration of 
the first term. In all cases of renewal of copyright, the proprietor shall within two months 
cause the same to be published in the official Gazelle for the space of four weeks. A copy of 
the work for whirh the copyright is obtained, must be deposited in the office of the Provincial 
Registrar, by whom the deposit shall be recoided, he receiving a fee of five shillings. A copy 
of the work must also he deposited in the Library of the Legislative Assembly. To ensure th 
benefit of the copyright, the following notice must be inserted on the title-page, or the one 
immediately following, of each copy published-- "Entered according to the Act of th* 

Provincial Legislature, in the year , by A. B., in the office of the .Registrar if the Province 

of Canada." The penally on persons printing, publishing, importing or selling the work, during 
-the continuance of the copyiight, without the consent of the proprietor, is the forfeiture ot 
every copy to the propiietor. and a f ,ileit oi ten shillings currency for every sheet found in his 
possession, to be recovered in any competent couit, and one moiety paid to the use of her 
Majesty, the other to the legi! owner. The penalty for persons publishing, &c., prints, &c., in 
violation of the terms of UK- copyright, to be the f>i leiluie ot the prints, c., and the plates, &c., 
to the proprietor of the copyright ; and ten shillings currency for every sheet, to be levied and 
paid as in the case of hooks. This penalty applies also to varying prints, &c., by adding or 
-diminishing, so as to evade the law. This act does pot extend to works of persons not residing 
in the Province. Persons printing or publishing manuscript without the leave of the author, to 
be liable in damages. Persons pm.ling or publishing any work, &c., and falsely pretending li> 
have the copyright thereof, by insertion of such intimation on the litte-page, shall incur a 
penalty not exceeding 15 currency, one moiety to her Majesty, the other to the person suing 
lor the recovery. The ri^ht of action for recovery of penalties is limited to two years. The Act 
applies to works published before its passing, if the authors comply with its provisions. 

In the session of the Provincial Legislature, 1847, another Act was passed, " To rx end tfu 
Provincial Co^n/ri^ht Ant to persons resident in the Untied King lorn, on certain conditions." It 
provides, that for and notwithstanding any thing contained in the Act above narrated, the pro 
visions of it shall extend to any person or persons being British subjects, and residing in Great 
Biitain or Ireland, as if such person or persons were resident in this Province: Provided that to 
entitleany such literary production or engraving, being the work of any person or persons, so 
residing in Great Britain or Ireland, to the protection of the foregoing Act. ir shall be 
printed and published in this Province, and shall, in addition to the woids directed to be inserted 
by the previous act, and immediately following thereafter, contain the name and place of abod 
or business in this Province, ol the printer or printers, nod publisher or publishers, of every such 
literary production or engraving. 

The last recited Act puts British authors on the same fooling here, with respect to copyright 
as authors residing in the Piovince. It was passed to meet the views of the dome Governments 
asset forth in a despatch from the Secretary of State, dated 5ih .November. 1846, (No. 49,) 
inviting the local Legislatures to pass such enactments as they ri:ight dei m proper for securing 
both the rights of British authors, and the interests of the public ; and. on the passing of such 
enactments, the Home Government would submit to the Imperial Parliament a bill authorizing 
the Queen in Council to confirm any such Colonial law, notwithstanding its lepngnancy to th 
opyright law of the United Kingdom ; and that from thenceforward the imperial copyiight law 
nhall cease to have any force within sin h Colony, in so far as it may be repugnant to. or incor>- 
*istent with the opeiation of any such Colonial lav/. An Act of this natme was accordingly 
passed, during last session of the Imperial Parliament; so that the cop\ right law of Canada w 
now what is contained in the two Provincial Acts before recited ; and the works of author* 
rsklingin the Province, or in the United Kingdom, for which the benefits provided by the low- 



43 

roing Acts shall not be secured in the manner expressly laid down, shall have no privilege r 
protection whatever ; ami may be printed, re-printed and sold at pleasure ; and the reprint* of 
them imported into the Province, on payment of the same duties, as the custom law provides \ 
be paid, on the importation of ordinary printed books, maps, engravings, &c. 

CURRENCY. 

The present Provincial Currency is governed by the Act 4 & 5 Vic., Cap. 93, intituled, " jt* 
Jld to regulate the Currency of thin Province," by which all former Acts were repealed, on the 
giound that the value of the pound sterling had been inaccurately described heretofore, and an 
erroneous value affixed to the several gold and silver coins current in the Province. By thU 
Act the pound currency is declared to be such, that I 4s. 4d. currency shall be equal to, and be 
a legal tender for, the pound sterling, as represented by the sovereign. And it further affixes a 
value to foreign coins as under: 

Jt 9. D. 

United States Gold Eagle, coined before 1st July, 1834, and weighing 11 dwts. 

6 .rrs. Troy 2 14 4 

United States Gold Eagle, coined after 1st July, 1834, and before the commencement 

of 1841, weighing 10 dwts. 18 grs. Troy 2 10 

British Gold Coin, or that of the United States, coined before the 1st July, 1834, 
to be a legal tender to any amount, in tale or by weight, in sums over 50, 

by th" ounce Troy, at 4 1 

Do. of a later coinage, at 4 13 

French Forty Franc pieces, in bulk, in sums exceeding 50 per ounce troy, at 4 13 

Mexican, Spanish, and Chilian Doubloons, in the same amounts 4 

Columbian and La Plata Gold Coins, in the manner afore described at 4 9 S> 

Portuguese, and Brazilian Gold Coins in like manner at 4 14 6 

MilJed Dollar of Spain, Dollar of the United States, of Peru, Chili, Central America, 
Mexico, and the South American States, coined before 1841, and not weighing 

less than 17 dwts. 4 grs. troy, to pass at 

The halves of these coins respectively at 2 6 

The quarter ^ 1 3 

The eighth 7% 

The sixteenth 3>$ 

[The subdivisions of the Dollar, less than halves, are not a legal tender by a larger 
sum than 2 10s. ] 

The French Fh n-franc Silver piece, by tale, to any amount at 4 8 

The British Cro.vu to pass current at 6 J 

The British Crown and ils divisions at proportionate rates, to be a legal tender 

to the amount of 2 10s. only. 
The Copper Penny, or any other of not less than five-sixths of the weight of a penny, 

to pass as J 

And the halves and quarters for a proportionate sum. The legal tender of this coin 
is limited to one shilling. 

EXCHANGE. 

This term is used by bankers, brokers, and commercial men generally, to designate that specim 
i)f mercantile transactions, whereby the liabilities of individuals to others resident in another 
country, or at a long distance from them, are adjusted or acquitted. The large transactions 
between the merchants of two continents or two kingdoms, of one or the other having imported 
to a:i amount far beyond the value of their exports, and for the transmission of what will repre 
sent the difference of the tvvo, the merchant has to make provision. Did he send coin, he would 
have to pay a heavy insurance on the metals, beside the expense of freight, entiies, brokers 
tees, &c.; he therefore draws a bill on a person indebted to him, who is styled the draivct., 
forwards it to the party in whose favour it is drawn, known as the remitter, when it is presented 
for acceptance, which being done, the drawee is known as the acceptor. The bill may now be 
retained nil maturity, or may furnish the means of settling many amounts between various parties 
removed from each other, by the sale and purchase of the bill, as the balance may be for or 
against them. The debtor in one place, by these transactions, is substituted for the debtor in 
another. The only expenditure incurred in these transactions would be the postages and stamps, 
which in any case deducted from the difference in the price of gold and the cost of freight and 
insurance, would give the abstract value of exchange. It will be affected by difference in 
the fineness of coins, by mint regulations, or by a sudden increase of bills drawn on one country 
by another. Variations in the actual course of exchange, arising from the variation in the 
toe currency, are nominal only, those growing out of trade are real. 

la conducting the business of exchange, a direct remittance is not always preferred. Thus, * 



50 

merchant in Toronto, having to discharge a debt due by him in London, has not only to ascertain 
the state of the exchange between Toronto ajid London, but also the state of exchange between 
Toronto and New Yort, New York and London, &c., for it may be more advantageous for him 
to buy a bill on New York, giving his agent directions to invest the proceeds in a bill on London, 
rather than remit directly to the latter city. If such difference be less than that resulting 
from the direct exchange, it will obviously be the preferable mode of remitting; but if, on the 
other hand, that by indirect remittance be more, the direct remittance ought as plainly tolx* 
preferred. 

BRITISH WEIGHTS AND MEASURES IN USE ON THE SIXTH 

OF JULY, 1825, 

And now in common use in ihc Province of Canada. 



THE YARD, or Ell, is the standard yard of 

J760, preserved by the Clerk of the House 

of Commons. 
THE FOOT is one-third part of the said standard 

yard. 
THE INCH is one-twelfth part of the standard 

foot. 



THE POLE OR PERCH contains 5\ standard 

yards. 

TH E FuRXONG.contains 220 standard yards, and 
THE MILE, "7GO standard yards. 

In superficial measure, founded on the above 
basis, the rood of land contains 1210, and the 
acre of land 4 V 40 square yaids. 



The statute of 5 Geo. IV. c. 74, having- declared the pwnnd Avoirdupois to be 7000 
grains Troy weight ; (the difference between* the pound Troy and pound Avoirdupois. 
iK-ing as 5760 is to 7000), gives the 

MEASURES AND WEIGHTS OF THE GALLON. 

Cubic Inches. Avoirdupois Weight. Troy Weight. 

Ib. oz. drs. lb. 02. dwts grs. 

Corn Gallon... 268-8 9 10 1| ...... -11 9 7 12- 

Wine Gallon 231 8 5 6 ....... 10 1 9 22. 

Ale Gallon 262 10 2 11 ...... 12 46 & 

The Winchester Bushel is 2150.42 cubic inches. 

Quarter of Grain, 8 Winchester Bushels. 

Quarter of Maize, or Indian Corn, 480 pounds. 

Ten Winchester Quarters are equivalent to 9.69447 Imperial Quarters. 

IMPERIAL WEIGHTS AND MEASURES NOW KV USE IN 

GREAT BRITAIN. 

IMPERIAL TROY WEIGHT. 

The Standard Pound contains 5760 grs. 

French Gramme** 
I grain 0.0648 

24 grains 1 pennyweight = 1.5552 

20 penny weightfl 1 ounce = 31.1027 

12 ounces ~ 1 pound = 373.2330 

Troy Weight is used in the weighing of gold and silver, jewels, &o. It is also used 
in ascertaining the strength of spirituous liquors \ in philosophical experiments \ and in 
comparing different weights with each other. 

APOTHECARIES WEIGHT. 

French Grammc$. 

I grain = 0.0648 

20 grains 1 scruple 1 : .296 

3 scruples 1 dram = 3.838 

8 diams 1 ounce = 31.102 

12 ounces.. 1 pound = 373.233 

This is used for medical prescriptions. Drugs are bought and sold by Avoirdupois. 

DIAMOND WEIGHT. 

The Diamond carat weighs 3$ grains Troy, thus 
Diamond Weight. Troy Weight. Dec 

16 parts 1 grain 0^ grains = 51 

4 grains - 1 carat - 31 =* 205^ 



IMPERIAL ATOIRDUPOI8 WEIGHT. 



" 



1 dram = 

........ i ounce = 

1 pound = 

......... ] quarter = 

1 hundredw t = 

1 ton 

The dram is subdivided into 3 scruples, and each scruple into 10 grains: the pound, 
or 7680 grains Avoirdupois, equals 7000 grains Troy, and hence 1 grain Troy equal* 
1.097 grains Avoirdupois. Hence, also, 



16 drams 

16 ounces 

28 pounds < 

4 quarters 

20 hundredweight 



French Gi-amm. 
1.771 
28.346 
453.544 

12.699 killogrammes, 
50.796 
1015.920 



144 Ibs. Avoirdupois 
192 oz. do. 



175 Ibs. Troy, and 
175 oz. " 



The stone is generally 14 Ibs. Avoirdupois weight ; but for butchers meat, or fish, it 
>s 8 Ibs. Hence the cwt. is equal to 8 stone of 14 Ibs., .or 14 stone of 8 Ibs.. 

A stone of glass is 5 Ibs : a seam of glass, 24 stone, or 120 Ibs. 

Hay and Straw are sold by the load of 36 trusses. Truss of nQW hay weighs 60 lbu. 
eld hay, 56 Ibs.; straw, 36 Ibs. 



WOOL WEIGHT. 



7 pounds - 1 clo 

2 cloves 1 stoi 

2 stone .... 1 tod 

240 Ibs 



?e 



















CHEESE AND BUTTER. 



8 pounds 
32 cloves 



1 clove 

1 wey in Essex, 



42 cloves 
56 pounds 



1 wey in Suffolk. 
1 firkin of Butter 

- 



IMPERIAL LONG MEASURE. 





1 foot = 


French Metre*. 
0.3048 
09144 
5.0291 
201.1632 
1609.3059 
4827.9179 
11120.7442 






1 j circl 














60 geographical, or 69^ English miles- 


1 degree = 



The palm is 3 
6 feet. 



inches ; the hand, 4 inches j the span, 9 inches ; and the fathom 



IMPERIAL SUPERFICIAL MEASURE. 



144 square inches- 

9 square feet 

30^ square yards 

40 square poles 

4 square roods 



square foot 
square yard 
square pole 
square rood 
square acre 



French Square Metres. 
= 0.0929 

= 0.8361 

= 25.2916 

= 1011.6662 
= 4046.6648 



Land is usually measured by a chain of 4 poles, or 22 yards, which is divided into 
100 links. Ten chains in length, and one in breadth, make an acre, which equals. 
160 square perches, or 4.810 square yards. 



CUBIC, OR SOLID MEASURE* 

1728 cubic inches 1 cubic foot 

27 cubic feet 1 cubic yard 

40 feet of rouj^h timber, or ) 

50 feet of hewn timber, } "" L load or {on 

42 cubic feet 1 ton of shipping 

D*. 



.0283 

.7645 

1.1326 

1.4157 

1.1892 



62 

The dimensions of the English Standard Bushel are, external diameter, 19^ inches^ 
inner diameter, 18.J ; depth, 8J ; and height of the cone (where heaped measure i 
permitted), 6 inches. 

To convert Wine Gallons into Imperial Gallons, multiply by^f 3 ^, or by .83311 ; 
and to convert Imperial Gallons into Wine Gallons, multiply by the reciprocal fraction 
y,$ 74 , or by 1.20032. For most practical purposes, multiply by five and divide by six, 
and conversely. 

By the Act 5 and 6 Will. IV. c. 63, it was provided that all local or customary 
measures should be abolished. 

The Act further provided that heaped measure should be abolished, except with 
articles incapable of being stricken, and which could not conveniently be sold by 
weight, that coals should be sold by weight, that all articles, except gold, silver, 
platina, diamonds, other precious stones, and drugs by retail, should be sold by Avoir 
dupois. The stone was declared to be 14lbs.; the hundred-weight, eight such stones ; 
and the ton, twenty such hundred-weights, 

TARES ALLOWED BY THE CUSTOMS. 



Coffee in bags and mats 3 per cent. 

Raisins in boxes 15 <{ 

Do. casks- 12 

Do. frails 4 " 



Raw Sugar in casks 12 per cent 

Do. boxes 15 " 

Do. mats 5 " 

Do. bags 5 * 



population of (Kanafta. 

The proper officer of the Government being now ensued in making up comparatira 
rolls previous to the taking of the general census in February next, we are unable to 
give any very minute details, and we consequently prefer postponing till next year 
entering into any comparative tables, convinced that we will then be able to do it with a 
greater hope of accuracy. 

The following is the official abstract for 1846 : 

LOWER CANADA. 

Area in square Miles, 198,999. 



, m . , Males, . . 344,855 

Whltes > I Females, . . 346,077 

( Males, . . 140 

Blacks > i Females, . , 121 



Total in 1844, . . 691,193* 



Total in 1844, 691,193 

Increase in 1844, .... 19,351 
Do. in 1845, . . . ". 20/731 

Do. 1846, . . 17,626a 

Immigration in 1844, 1845, . 10,792 
Do. 1846, . 1,909 



Total population of L. C. January 1, 1847, . . . 761,602 

* Aliens not included, 1,505. 

Population to a (square Mile, about 3.J. Servants, Males, 5967, Females, 16,901. 
Subsisting on alms, 4563 ; Trade or Commerce, 3739. Deaf, Dumb, &c. &c., 250& 

a Increase in 1846 : 

Births, 35,384 ; Marriages, 6921 ; Deaths, 17,758. Increase, 17,626. 

UPPER CANADA. 

1842. Square Miles, 46,461 . 

Males Whites, . . , . 257,565 Blacks, . . . 2409259,914 
Females, Do. . 242,282 Do. . 1708226,141 

486,055 

Increase by immigration 4 years, 81,403 

Natural increase, (Tliis is taken at 11% per cent for 4 years,) . . . 60,756 



Total, 628,214 

Aliens not included, 7,595. 

Servants, Males, 3184, Females, 8209. Alms, 328. Deaf, Dumb, &c. &c., 1676. 

iiraaed in Commerce, 3689. 

No RegUter of-Birthsj Deaths, or Marriages kept in Upper Canada. 



53 

POPULATION BY ORIGIN. 

LOWER CANADA, 1844. UPPER CANADA, 1842 



> " " > 

Irish 44.512 . . . . 82,728 

Scotch 13,591 -. .- 42,033 

Canadian French," " .. -. 520,215 

Do. British, .. 86,075 261,822 

Continent of Europe, 6,957 

United States, - l^ 3 . 34 3y 

INDIAN RETURNS. 

Return of Equipments for. . ., ...... . ....... 1846, ---- 1847, ---- 1848, 

Full (Chief, 

, } Warriors, ...... 

Equipment, Women, . . 

Chiefs, 

Warriors, 

Women, 

^ ( 10 to 15, 

< 5 to 9, 

BO f 1 to 4, 
( 10 to 14, 

-= < 5 to 9, 
k O ( 1 to 4, 

Totals, .. .. 10,756 13,664 13,241 

IMMIGRATION FOR 1846. 

England, Ireland, Scotland, Other places, 

Steerage .......... 8,890... 20,842 ---- 1,525 ---- 896 32,153 

Cabin, .......... 273... 207 ---- 120 ---- 600 




Totals, 1845,.-.. 9,163 21,049 1,645 896 32,753 

Total, 18-15, 25,375 

Increase in. 1816, .... 7,3/8 

The Steerage Passengers were a<? follows : 

Mechanics, 715 Farmers, 4,831 Labourers, 6,733 Servants, 87. 
Males adults, .. 12,366 .. Under 14 years, 3,90116,267 
Females, do. 10,892 .. do. do. 3,81414,706 

Infants, ** l,loU 

Total, 32,153 

There embarked of male adults, 12,407, Female adults, 10,951. 

From 1 to 14 Males 3,960, Females 3,865. Infants, 1,170 .... 32,353 
Do. do. Cabin passeiigLrs, 

Total who embarked, 

Deaths on passage, Male adults, 41, Female adults, 59. Children 
Male, 59, Female, 51. Infants, 62, 

32,681 
Born on passage, Males, 32 Females, 40 

Total landed, .. .. 32,753 




64 



IMMIGRATION. (Continued.) 

1m fire years, from 1829 to 1833 there arrived 
Do. do. 1834 to 1838 do. 

Do. do. 1839 to 1843 do. 

In three do. 1844 to 1846 do. 

Estimate for 1847, 

Since 1829, 

ARRIVALS AT QL EBEC SINCE 1841. 



167,697 
96,351 

123,860 
78,271 

100.000 

566,179 





1841. 


1842. 


1843. 


1844. 


1845. 


1846. 


6,783 
8,430 
4,216 
374 


12,493 

25,470 
5,887 
524 


6.946 
9,633 

4,178 
430 


7,701 
9,773 
2,451 
217 


8,833 
14.208 
2,174 
160 


9,163 
21,049 
1,645 










896 


Totals 












19,803 


44,374 


21,187 


20,142 


25.375 


32,753 



KINGSTON AGENCY, -1846. 

Arrived by St. Lawrence and Ruieau 24,655 from United States 2,864 27,519 
Proportion distributed in Lower Canada, .. .. .. 8,095 



Total immigration, 
The Immigrants who arrived at Kingston were distributed as follows, 

Landed at Cobourg and Port Hope settled in Newcastle District 
Do. Whitby, Windsor, and Darlinglon, 
Do. Toronto settled in Home and Simcoe Districts, 
Do. Hamilton settled in Gore and Wellington Districts, . 
Do. Niagara and Queenston, .. 
Do. Port Stanley settled in the West, .t . . 

Do. Kingston, Picton and Belleville, 

Destination not known, supposed United_States, 



35,614 

1,868 

1,142 

14,881 

3,594 

843 

1,674 

1.528 

1,989 

27,519 



The Immigrant tax in 1845, amounted to 4 558 10 3 
Do. do. 1846, do. 6 056 11 9 

"Receipts from England in aid of Immigration in 1845, 2 737 10 

and a like sum in 1846. 

The tax will amount to about 12,000 or 13,000. The expenditure will be veiy 
great, but it is believed that the Imperial Government will defray most ot the expenses. 

SOL.E31NTZATION OF MARRIAGE IN UPPER CANADA. 

By the Act of the Provincial Parliament, passed in 1847, any Clergymen or Minister of any 
Religious Denomination of Christians whatever, is authorised to solemnize the ceremony of 
marriage, in Upper Canada, hetween any tv o persons, neither of -whom is under any legal 
disqualification to contract matrimony. To entitle any such Clergyman or Minister to such 
privilege, he must be a subject of her Majesty, and have taken the oath or affirmation of 
allegiance, before the Registrar of the County in which he officiates as such Clergyman or 
Minister; and at the time of his taking such oath or affirmation, he must produce to such 
Registrar evidence of his being a recognized Clergyman or Minister of the Religious denomi 
nation to which he professes to belong, in the shape of a certificate from the Bishop, Moderator 
of Presbytery, Clerk of Conference, Church Wardens, Trustees, or Managers (as the case may 
be,1 of such body; whereupon the Registrar is to grant him aceruficateot his having conformed 
to the provisions of the Act. The Registrar is to keep a record of such oaths, affirmations and 
certificates, and for each case he shall receive a fee of 5s. This Act is not to affect the rights of 
Ministers or Clergymen, who were previously authm zed by law to solemnize marriage; and 
from henceforward, it shall not be necessary for any Clergyman or Minister of any denomination, 
to go before the Court of Quarter Sessions, to give proof of his ordination, &c., as required by a 
former law, or to obtain from such court any certificate : his compliance with the provisions of 
this Act, is declared to be to all intents and purposes equivalent to the other, and all that is 
necessary to be done, to entitle any Clergyman or Minister in Upper Canada to solemnize the 
of marriage. 



55 






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56 
RE VENUE.-( Continued.) 



3. 6d , or an 
. . ............................... .................. 680,16316 9 

* evew ( or the y ears 843 and 1844 was 2,003,331 Is. 10d., or an 

"* ............................................... . 1.001.665 10-11 

Revenue for the years ISM and 1845 was 1,954,0.20 11s. 2d., or an 

T . & p 6 ; "; ............................. ........... ...... 977,01415 7 

eVe " IC y ears 1845 and 1846 was 1 3 490,828 16s., or an 

745,414 8 

of ~ly 100,000 in the settled resources, exclusive of th* 



NOTES AND EXPLANATIONS, 

TO THE TABLES ON THE PRECEDING PAGE. 

a. 8000 remained to be paid on account of 1842. 
1843 ~ " 41 977 nS " 9 d canwd 



11,977 Us. 9Jd , caused by over-trading in the previous rear* 
revenue is retamed in the hands of the Commissioner to meet 
Tl! . e - lhe Wment m 1842 was the last instalment due by Ihe ComtSr 
s Ch J 6f n<?I eaSe V -aS on the.Wellaml Canal foils, which previous ywTrtbr 
/. No monies have been pa,d on this account since the d alh of Sir /Ca! I well 
he rents and profits are accumulating in the hands of a Curator appointed to fie 
TU ,/,- Can "? Pay the monies l)tllil an o der of the Court is made o hat effect 
fi / eil " enc y. sca se 1 b y Depression of Trade, in consequence of ovw-tradini in 
1-842. h. A poition of the amount drawn in it43 was oa account of expenditure in 

1844.-1. Increase of Trade, and new duties on live stock ar.d agrirultural produce, j Increase 
on Shop and Inn L.censes and sales by auction, k. The accounts of the Land Office 
me latter six months of 18J4. fm>ni*h<>H mr. \^a. <, .,.,,u .1.. ^ f .,. 



o 1 4 7r, X m , ?, S , U r niS , <> t0 lat8 aS Wdl as a ! l- ceof 1 ,835-a 





monies 



^^ "considered 1 " 66 F 6m f P *" ^l* U ^ S> Ucenses E " and w - ^ previously been 

T n i^ 1 " tevetil e; but, by an Ac 1 , ol the Legislature, the duties on Tavern 

V\. wereapprop.ialed to pay Rebellion Los>es, and hose of C. E for 

municipal purposes p. Includes a balance f,om 1844 o. 13.150 2s. lOd. only paid in 

* lol.^.on New \\orks completed, r. Fluctuation of Trade. ,. Re-payme 
of Loan to Irmity House. Quebec, for Liht Houses, t. Only a balance of GuarfnTeed 
Loan to be drawn in 1845. . Payment of sums due by the late Sir J.Ca dwell 
v. Large amount ot arrears paid in 1844. 

-w Fluctuation of Trade, increase of home manufactures, particularly Leather, and a 
very considerable over-importation in 1845 x. The division of ihe Fxcise I eve ,, 
may cause some contusion. The actual Excise Duties for 1845 weie ilS >4 ) 6s. 5d 
and in 1846 16,776 7s 2d. ; to 1845 are to be added two sums viz 6317 2s 5d for 

in a r Cr w V Ce S C W aml 4C2G f r C " E C fte Note J J ^ Tav ern licenses 
. W. for 1846 amount to 0,68; 17s 2cl. TLe Return for 1845 includes only th ee 

S P^hp f the >; eal - Ao "^-t Arrears m ,846 for Tavern L.censes lor C. E . ; hut 
the accounts were made up, several sums have been p;,id in. ,/ Increase in the 
number of vessels, z Completion of the works and increased trade * I .crease i 
consequence ol the increase in the Lumber ar.d Corn Tiade. f Delii-iency caused bv 

nn\rrroiit i^f !,. j?i^ i w^ : _ ,. - T ....-..^ . ! -* *^ii*.i Lt&uocu Uy 



1846. 



rf n .h Woiks was ^ c. and the sums to be 

raised under the guaranteed loan were neatly expended this year rs See Note ti 
ulerable sum was recovered in i845 from the Estates of the late S.r.T Caldwell 
v and Reasons of mciease evident, ft Some aricars were paid up in 1846. [ft Set 



57 



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133 



d 



Master and Servant. 



THE ACT TO REGULATE 
DUTIES BETWEEN MASTER AND 
SERVANT IN UPPER CANADA, 
passed in 1847, was intended to 
supply a grievous want, and to 
promote, by a definition of duties, 
the general interests of society. 
It enacts that verbal as well as 
written agreements between mas 
ter and servants or laborers, for the 
performance of duties, are bii.d- 
ing, provided the verbal agree 
ment shall not exceed one year. 
Persons having entered upon ser 
vice, who refuse to go to work, 
leave the employ, or disobey the 
commands of those they have en 
gaged to serve, or their represen 
tatives, ov injure the property 
of their employers commitud to 
their cnre, are liable to punish- 
meti by one or more Juslices~of 
the Peace, by fine or imprison 
ment. The Act provides for the 
regulation of taverns and lodging 
houses, in connection with ser 
vants; and declares that any 
tavern keener persuading laborers 
to confederate to secure high 
wages, shall be deprived of his 
license, and liable to be fined ; and 
any boarding-house keeper guilty 
of a like offence, shall be subject 
to fine or imprisonment. Tax era 
and boarding huii^e keepers have 
no power to detain the wearing 
apparel of any servant or laborer 
in pledge for any expenses in 
curred, for an amount exceeding 
3:)s. upon tender of which sum, 
or any less sum due, they must 
be given up. This provision does 
not apply to other properly of the 
servant. Informations; ot contra 
ventions of the previsions of the 
Act, must be taken on oath by 
one or more Justices of the Peace, 
who are empowered to punish by 
fine or imprisonment, ard costs; 
such fines to be applied 10 the 
purposes of the Disi, ict, i own, or 
Cily. and not toexcted in amount 
~i, or in duration one monih, and 
not be less than one da v , Should 
a line be indicted and lemain un 
paid, the offender m.iy be com 
mitted for thf time limited by the 
conviction. For the summary pun 
ishment of cflvnces, it is further 
piovidrd that parlies committing 
breaches of the Act, may be pun 
ished in any District in which they 
may be found. 

The servant is protected by a 
provision, giving the Justices 
power, where there has been 

(Sec bottom of next page.) 



60 

Local Rerennes (U. C.) applied to Local purposes, and 



1 1842. 


1843. 


13 


Districts. 


Valuation of 


Amount of 


Valuation of 


Amount of 


Valuation of 




Property. 


Assessments. 


Property. 


Assessments 


Property. 




s. d. s. d. 


s. d. 


s. d. 


s. d. 


Eastern . . 


366955 13 4 1918 4 4 


366404 13 


3014 12 53 


372G04 1 


Ottawa . . 


86337 4 ! 405 1 04 


178571 15 


558 9 


175589 10 


Johnst vvn 


41/2922 12 n 


3681 9 10 


428105 17 6 


3790 1 8 


442992 11 a 


Bat hurst . 


239856 


3442 7 14 


263601 18 9 2559 10 . 84 


276063 14 3 


Dalhousie 


167816 2 1186 17 OJ 


18989.2 17 


1684 17 10 f!89892 17 -0 


PrinceEd. 


248900 1297 5 7 


258888 


1078 13 11 


259198 


Midland . 


526201 


4659 1 5 


562143 


5174 15 Oi 


582556 


Victoria . 


200234 


1773 15 9 


206408 18 


1329 9 53 


225819 13 


Nevvc stle 


42! 122 


2487 13 03 


446408 1 


3767 6 7 


474057 11 


Colbonie . 


159003 16 


745 6 7 


68372" 15 


1J594 12 G" 


367009 


Home . . . 


932835 


8^3G 6 3 


831433 


6495 14 1 


C78732 


Niagara . 


573179 16 


5804 8 64 


596757 


7305 13- 2 


617085 1 4 


Gore .... 


900499 19 


70,15 7 10| 


838(334 2 


6737 3 11 


1041713 


We II ton . 


23 it) 9 2 


2803 19 8 


243872 


3138 13 


258763 


Brock . . 


220335 15 4 


3080 10 2 


233354 14 10 


3:390 1 53 


250350 9 8 


Talbot... 


160GC3 9 


1625 16 11 J 


160124 14 4 


299(3 12 7 


135K33 14 6 


Lori Ion . . 


40833!) 2 


4143 4 113 


427216 19 G 


4090 5 IJ 


455373 4 & 


Huron . . . 


91120 It 


1031 13 9| 


106862 12 


1226 1 ] 


J2790 17 


Western . 


394711 10 


2055 15 9 


321221 8 


4432 10 4 


340365 8 0. 


Simcoe . . 


000 000 


1457 36 


1897 13 103 


157791 


Totals.. 


68-553r37 10 6 57774 5 9^6884220 5 Il ti7112 14 9 


7678680 12 11 



NOTE. The Returns maiked f are those of the previous 



neglect or ill-us.ige on the part of ihe employer, to summon him before them; when, on 
proof of the truth of such statement, they may discharge the seivant from his bond, direct 
the payment of his wages, (not exceeding the sum of 10,) with co-ts; and jn default of 
payment within twenty-one days, issue a distress warrant for the amount, together with the 
costs consequent thereon An appeal is allowed to the Quarter Sessions. The Art is made to. 
apply to both the singular and plural number, and bodies politic and corporate, as well as to the 
masculine and feminine get.dcrs. 

TOWNS AND VILLAGES OP U. C. 

An dct to confer United Corporate Powers on the Towns and Villages of Canada West, 

not specially Incorporated. [Passed by the Legislaiure in 1847.] 

It being considered expedient for the well being of the inhabitants of Towns and Villages 
that limited Corporate powers should be conferred on them, it is by this Act enacted : That 
inhabitant householders, where there are thirty in a town or village, anil if they think fit, shall 
on the first Monday in October, in each year, at a plan- to be appointed by a Justice of the 
Peace, such time and pLicd < meeting to be published lor not less than eijjht, nor more than 
twelve days previously, by a puu.ic no; ice to be pos ed in at east three of the most frequented 
places in the Town or Village, and having elected a Chairman, proceed to the flection of 
Trustees, three where (he number of householders does not exceed fifty, and five where they 
exceed that number. The Tinstetsso chosen, are directed to choose one from among themselves, 
as Inspector, who is 10 put in force certain mics laid down by the Act The Tiustees remain 
in office one year from the dciy of I heir election, or until o hers shall be chosen in their stead. 
The Act then fully sets forth the rules and adulations by which such Ioc;:l Government is to be 
carmd o;, as follows: Propik lois of houses, being more than one story in height, are bound 
to place a ladder from die gioui.d to the root of their house, as well as one from the roof to the 
chimneys thereof, u; der penalty of five shillings, and ten shillings for every week such neglect 
continues. Each householder is to provide himself wilh t^o buckets, for carrying water, in 
case of fire, under the penalty of five shillings for each deficient bucket. Any person entering a 
bam or out b -ilding*. with a light unenclosed, or carrying a lighted pipe or ci^ar, not properly 
eecured, is liable to a penalty of five shillings, for each offence. A o persons can light a fire in 
ftny wooden house or put-house unless in a buck or stone chimney, or metal stove without 
rendering themselves liable to a penalty of five shillings. The canying fire or fuel on fire, 



61 

not accounted for in the General Revenue of the Colony. 



44. 



1845. 



1346. 



Amount of 


Valuation of 


Amount of 


Valuation of 


Amount of 


Assessments. 


Property. 


Assessments. 


Property. 


Assessments. 


s. d. 


s. d. 


s. d. 


s. d. 


b. d. 


3047 11 3 


383151 14 8 


3179 14 7 


392813 12 


3245 17 4J 


.871 1 6 


173297 15 


362 12 2 


98058 8 


998 3 GJ 


56G1 9 9 


456415 19 7 


5939 2 10 


460915 5 10 


4251 10 6 


706 5 3J 


290683 7 9 


1885 9 1 


307382 5 


3(358 18 


1634 17 10 


210925 


2088 14 6 


1210925 


2083 14 6 


1919 17 1 


27 159 


1873 10 4 


27533=2 


1958 7 GJ 


5769 11 6J 


561160 


5531 15 5i 


588002 


5789 -8 31 


004 12 1 


246967 


2188 18 5 


258956 


2295 1 5 


3831 14 1 


508917 1 8 


4083 16 Hi 


532396 12 


4656 12 4i 


1924 11 8 


395534 5 


2121 15 9 


395970 


2279 16 11 J 


7476 15 


931126 


7278 9 6 


989185 


7776 13 3 


7325 13 6| 


579814 6 10 


6516 18 OJ 


5776U4 13 1 


5370 18 4 


8122 1 8 


805708 4 


8064 19 5 


1 805708 4 


8648 4 2J 


3453 9 4 


308460 


3981 3 


367647 


5041 17 4 


2651 3 2| 


269587 9 1J 


2402 9 1\ 


304215 9 6J 


S5O6 14 4J 


3286 17 3 


254149 16 4 


2073 3 10^ 


51156 6 


4697 3 7 


6379 3 OJ 


48C672 4 2 


5864 10 7 


536:393 3 


6556 9 10 


1443 1 6 


136421 3 


1525 7 10 


1136421 3 


1525 7 10 


4062 7 1| 


369762 


2804 5 11| 


f 369762 


2804 5 H| 


2363 9 9 


174572 


2539 15 \\ 


185169 


2708 7 1J 


75995 18 8 


7787484 7 1 


72811 10 5 


8024013 G 5 


79949 3 4 



year, the current Returns not having been made in lime. 



through any open way. without being secured in a metal vessel, is an offence, and punishable 
by fine of 2s. 6d . and for each subsequent transgression, by fine of five shillings. The placing 
hay, straw or fodder in any dwelling house, is punishable by fine of live shillings, and a further 
fine of ten shillings for every week iis removal shall be neglected. Ovens, and furnaces for 
potteries, breweries, or potash or pearl ash manufactories, must be properly connected with a 
chimney of brick or stone, which chimney must rise three feet higher than the roof of the building 
in which the furnace is placed, or that of any building within one chain >A the furnace, under a 
penalty not exceeding 10s. ; and the owner is liable to a penally of ios. for each week lie shall 
refuse to comply with this regulation. Parlies keeping gunpowder forsale must have it in boxes 
of tin. copper, or lead, under a penalty, for neglect, of 1 for the iirst, and -2 for the second 
offence. The sale of gunpowder at night, in any house or store-house, lenders the vender liable to 
a penally, for the first offence, of two pounds, nnd for each subsequent offence three pounds. 
The casting any filth, rubbish or ordure into the street, is punishable for the offence by a fine 
of two shillings and sixpence, and five shillings for each week it remains umemoved, after 
notice from the Inspector. Stove pipes may not be conducted thrrugh a wooden or lathed 
partition or floor, without leaving a space of six inches between the pipe and the wood-work, 
and it is further provided that stove pipes must be i:isert< d into chimneys, leaving ten inches 
between the stone and wood-work; a penalty of ten shillings is incurred by a violation of 
these provisions. Charcoal furnaces may not be erected within the limits of such town or 
village, under the penalty of one pound. The lighting fires in a street or lane, renders the party 
liable to a penalty of five shillings Ashes and cinders (pot and pearl ashes excepted) must 
not be kept in any wooden box or vessel, unless lined with sheet iron, in or copper, under a 
penalty of five shillings. A similar provision is made, as to the depositing quick lime in any 
house or building, where it may be in contact with wood, &c. ; breach of the same is punishable 
by a fine of five shillings, and a farther penalty of ten shillings for each day it rtm.unt 
uuremoved or unsecured. Penalties undei the Act must be sued for within ten days after the 
offence for which they shall have been incurred shall have ceased. Informations are to bo 
preferred by the Inspector, before a District Magistrate resident within ten mik.-s from the spot 
where the offence was committed, who is empowered to hear arid determine summarily, on the 
information of one credible witness, and cause the penalty to be levied by distress, which 
penalty is to be applied by the Path Master to the repairs and improvement of streets, Innes, 
&c. Any Inspector or Trustee wilfully neglecting to fulfil any of the duties imposed cm 
is punishable, on conviction, by a fine of five shillings. 



62 



DEBT AND LIABILITIES OF CANADA, JANUARY, 16117. 

la ENGLAND, bearing interest at 5 per cent., up to the present date by debenture, exclusive o! 

the guarantee loan 1,0(58.375 7 8 

In CANADA, viz., in Upper Canada Debentures, and Debentures of Canada 328,772 3 1W 

[By Upper Canada Debentures" are understood those issued since the union, under Acts of 
Ihe United Legislature.] 

PROVINCIAL DEBENTURES, LOWER CANADA, vested in Trustees for Works, the interest onlj 
fceing guaranteed by the Province, and all paying, except the first two: 



Chambly Canal 35,000 

Turnpike Trust, Quebec 33,850 

Forward 68,850 

At 6 per cent., -1,130. 



Amount forward 68,850 

Longneuil and Chambly Trust 15,000 

Harbour, Moritieal 90,925 

Turnpike Trusts, Montreal 47,000 



221,775 



REDEMPTION OF PUBLIC DEBT, being balance to meet rise or fall in exchange, 5274 19s. 3d. 

NEW ENGLISH LOAN. Sterling, l 363,060 tqual dollars at 4s. 6d., 1,514,521 2s. 3d ; 
interest, at 4 per cent., 60.580 16s. 10%d. 

The official accounts of this loan are made in pounds sterling, equal to 1 4s. 4d., currency, 
which gives the currency at 1,658,389 13s. 4d.; interest, at 4 per cent., 66,335 lls. 9d. 

RATES OF INTEREST. 

The debt in England is all at 5 per cent, per annum. 

Of the 328,772 3s. l^d. due by Canada Debentures, 3750 bears interest at 2, 3, 4, 5, 
and 6 per cent., viz. : 



2 per cent, for the 1st and 2nd years, 



3rd 
4th 



5 per cent, for the 5th year, 

6 " .... 6th and following years. 



144,910 at 5 per cent.; 5,000 at 5 V & per cent. ; 175,112 3s. l%d. at 6 per cent. 

PERIODS OF REDEMPTION. 

ENGLISH LOAN. 



In 1854 there is redeemable. 
1855 " 

1857 " 

1858 
J863 

Forward . 



.-200,000 
. 400,000 
. 224,150 
. 45 .500 
. 77,725 



. 947,375 7 8 



Brought forward. , 
In 1866 there is redeemable, 



.947.375 7 
, 121,000 



a 

a 



Sterling... 1,06X,375 7 S 



EqualtoC ydol ? rsat4s.6d.,l,175,<:12 18 4, 



Of this loan 
In 1847 then 
1848 


there is overdue 

j is redeemable. . 
a 


36,700 
14,600 
119 13 





4 


1849 





119 13 


4 


1850 


K 


119 13 


4 


1851 


tt 


21,660 





1852 


(C 


1,500 





1853 


u 


54,550 





1854 


n 


4 150 


o 


1855 


H 


4 850 





1857 
1858 


1C 
...... 

(( 


. 5,200 
1,178 17 




qi 








V-l 



CANADIAN LOAN. 



Brought forward 144,747 17 



Carried forward 144,747 17 



In 1 859 there is redeemable . , 

1860 " 

1861 
186:$ " 
1864 " 
1866 
1871 " 

1874 

1875 " 



7,353 12 

7,700 

5,300 
20,-.>34 

1,000 

8.956 
83,400 
4-2.580 

7,500 



5 




11 






Total 3^8,772 3 



A USEFUL TABLE TO FILL OUT A PAGE. 



A box 24 inches by 16 inches square and 22 

inches deep, will contain a barrel, or 10,852 

cubic inches. 
A box 24 inches by 16 inches square and 11 

inches deep, will contain half a barrel, or 

5,426 cubic inches. 
A box 16 inches by 16.8 inches square and 8 

inches deep, will contain one bushel, or 

2,150.4 cubic inches. 
A box 12 inches by 11.2 inches square and 8 

inches deep, will contain half a bushel, or 

1,075 cubic inche*.. 



square and 
one peck, 



6 
or 



A box 8 inches by 8.4 inches 

inches deep, will contain 

537.1 cubic inches. 
A box 8 inches by 8 inches square, and 4.2 

inches deep, will contain one half-peck, 

or 268.0 cubic inches. 
A box 7 inches by 4 inches square, and 4.8 

inches deep, will contain half a gallon, or 

131.4 cubic inches. 
A box 4 inches by 4 inches square and 4.8 

inches deep, will contain one quart, or 

57.5 cubic inches. 



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m ,-? ^ in o >n CM cs o o co 

Tfr~* C s iCCOCOCM ^rt CO 

(M ^ ^ t- ^ m I-H QO i- ct 



i- 01 



:S 

CO 



rH Tf 



EC 

c: 
i 



o TP m 

Sr-HrH 



O i^. 

60 r^ 



CM CO 
CM CO 



o - m oo 

Cl C3 f^ f^ 



in o 

i CO CO 
rH CO 



CN 



;W 




. 

K 



a ".2-= I" _SP- 

|| fff 3*!t **!. 

3 j ^: r S 5 a o 3 L" i 

^73<!/jaia:!E- HE- < ?l 



3 ^ 



69 



PROVINCIAL CANALS. 

Compendious Statement, shewing the Dimensions, Extent, and other detail* 
of the Provincial Canals constructed, and in progress of construction, 
under the Board of Works, Canada. 



NAMES OF CANALS. 


__i 



% 

J 



o 
d co 

* 

s 
3 


to 

^-0 
v S 

O B) 

:* 

be 
IIS 

Slo 
Iff 


J 



3 

.2 
a> 

S? 
^ 



o 

tJ 


SIZE OF LOCKS. 


WIDTH 
)F CANAL 


Lengtn ot 
chamber be 
tween gates. 


I? 

- 

e 

- 

s ti . 

s 

g"o 


ID 

c 
<=c 

a 
p..t; 

S S 


2 

O 

O 

rO 
-- 

5S 


05 
J 

ft 

M 

+-> 

< 


i 
WELLAND CANAL, connecting Lake Erie and 
Lake Ontario, and surmounting the Falls 




24 

3 

1 

1 

2 
1 
2 
1 

7 

9 
5 




150 
200 
150 
200 

200 
200 
200 
200 

200 

200 
200 


26^ 
45 
26i 
45 

45 
45 
45 
45 

55 

45 
45 

15 


8i 
9 

8^ 
9 

9 
9 
9 
9 

9 

9 

9 

4 


45 
45 
35 
45 

50 
50 
50 
50 

jioo 

80 

80 

28 


81 
81 
71 
85 

90 
90 
90 
90 

150 

120 
120 

40 


The main trunk, from Port Colborne, Lake 
Erie, to Port Dalhousie. Lake Ontario 
The Junction Branch to Dunn- "j j^ Qt f 


28 
21 

n 

2 
3 

4 

11} 

113 

8| 


330 

6 ? 
6? 

8 
6 
111 

4 

48 

82 i 
44^ 


Broad Creek Branch to Port f 

-m T 1 1 UCi ^ V , 

Maitland . . ... .... I 


| ST. LAWRENCE CANALS, connecting Lake 
Ontario with the Atlantic : 
The Galoppes . 




Papide Plat 




$ Cornwall Canal, passing the Long Sault 


Beauharnois Canal, connecting Lake St. 
Francis and Lake St. Louis, and passing 
the Coteau, Cedar, and Cascades Rapids. . 
i! Lachine Canal, from Lachine to Montreal. . 

Total from Lake Erie to the Sea 


,69 


54 


534^ 


To contrast the St. Lawrence route with tha 
by the Erie Canal, the dimensions, &c., of the 
latter are given below : 
T ERIE CANAL, f State of New York) . 


36. 


~i 

3 84 


688 


90 



Vessels of from 300 to 350 tons burden may navigate the Welland and St. Lawrence Canals. 

The distance from Lake Erie to Montreal, the head of navigation for Atlantic vessels, is 
367 miles ; and the total fall from Lake Erie to tide water, is 564 feet. 



This Canal has two entrances into Lake Erie one at Port Maitland, about 38 miles West 
of Buffalo ; and the other at Port Colborne, about 20 miles from Buffalo. At both places the 
Lake is generally open in spring from one to two weeks earlier than at Buffalo. This Canal 
also communicates with the Grand River Navigation at Dunnville. Two of the large class of 
Locks are situated below St. Catherines, and steamboats may ascend to that place. 

f These Canals were all to be completed in 1847. As steamers will always descend th* 
Rapids outside of these Canals, they will not have to pass each, other in them; and, con 
sequently, the width of bottom is reduced 50 leet. 

J Completed, and in full operation. 

Completed. The Royal Mail Steamers now descend from Lake Ontario to Lachine, within 
nine miles of Montreal. 

|j Will be completed for opening of navigation, 1848. 

^ These are the dimensions of the old Canal, capable of passing boats not exceeding 73 ton* 
burdeu. 



70 



PROVINCIAL CANALS, &c. (Continued.) 



. 


a 


V 















c 




SIZE G 


F LO 


CK8. 




s 




O) 












" o 





i, w 


B 




XAME3 OF CAXAL8. 


"*- 


o two 


c 


u.- - 

* . (B 


^ 


J! 




o 


u .S . 





o S3 S 


a 


*- /? 




J3 09 


Q} ^^ 00 


to 


J=J= c 


** 


o ^^ 




g s 


E. O 
o o 


(3 

JB 



o 


= ll 
vjay 


l| 


<- 
^i M 




*J 


s5 


d 


nJ - 


5 


o ^ 


* Lock and Dam at Ste. Anne s Rapids, head of Montreal 














Island 




1 


3tr> fi 


900 


4^ 


7 


f Lock and Dam at St. Ours, on the River Richelieu, . . 
i Chambly Canal, connecting Lake Champlain and 
Chambly Basin 


u 


1 

7 


3 to 7 


200 
120 


45 
24 


7 
6 



Completes the navigation by the Rideau and Ottawa Canals, and connects Lake of Two 
Mountains with Lake St Louis. Is now in full operation. 

t Will be completed in 1848; arid steamboats from Quebec and Montreal may then ascend 
to the Chambly Basin ; and vessels from the Upper Lakes, with produce, may descend the 
St. Lawrence, and ascend the Richelieu and Chambly Canal, to Lake Champiain. 

J Was constructed under the direction of Local Commissioners. 



CUSTOMS. 
See Inspector-General s Department, page 32. 

MONTREAL. William Hall, Collector; John Wm. Oliver, First Clerk and Warehouse 
Keeper ; John Lewis, Second Clerk ; John N. Travers, Third Clerk ; C. T. Stone, Fourth Clerk; 
(Act.) Edward Vennor, Provincial Clerk; W. Sholes, Warehouse Locker; Sam. Halloway, 
Messenger. 

WATBRSIDE DEPARTMENT. Robert H Hamilton, Landing Surveyor; James Mills, Land. 
tng Waiter and Measurer of Ships ; Thomas Thain, Landing Waiter; Henry Pratt, do; John 
King, Appraiser and Missis/ant Ganger; H. W. King, Clerk to Landing Surveyor; Alexander 
Henderson, Tidewaiter ; John Fletcher, do. ; John Gray, Preventive Officer, at Lachine; Jane 
Scholes, Housekeeper ; Sundry persons employed as Tidewaiters, $c., during the navigation 
season. 

QUEBEC. Henry Jessopp. Collector; John Bruce, First Clerk and Warehouse Keeper; 
James Prendergrast, Second Clerk ; Charles Secretan, Third Clerk; T. Ross, (Acting) Fourth 
Clerk ; Richard Charlton, Registry Cle:kfor Merchant Seamen. 

WATERSIDE DEPARTMENT Charles Grey Stewart, Landing Surveyor; John Fletcher, 
Lan/ling Waiter ; John. P Meara, do ; Charles E. Allen, do.; John Bartlett, Clerk to Land- 
ing Surveyor ; John Fife, Tide Surveyor; Thomas Lambert, Assistant Tide Surveyor and Tide 
Waiter; James Carmichael, Tide Waiter; John Young, Housekeeper; Sundry persons em 
ployed as Tide Waiters, Lockers, fyc., during the navi^aiion season 

TORONTO. Collector, Robert Stanton ; Surveyor, John Roy; First Landing Waiter, John 
Hemphill; Second Landing Waiter, William Elwell ; First Clerk, Thomas Pearson. 

KINGSTON. Collector, James Hopkirk; Surveyor, G. A. MaiJleau; First Landing Waiter, 
D. Lynch ; Second Landing Wai/er, P. Carbovough ; Clerk, Wm. R Gowan. 

HAMILTON. Collector, John Davidson ; Surveyor, William Pring ; Landing Waiter, John 
Palmer ; Clerk, John Valance. 

COLLECTORS, CANADA EAST. Beauce, T. J. Tashereau ; Coteau du Lac, W. B. Simpson ; 
Compton, R. Vincent; Clarenceville, C. Stewart; Dundee, Luc H. Masson ; Eaton, H. S. 
iloore; Frelighsbura:, Anson Kemp; Hemmingford, G. N. Johnson: Huntingdon, James 
Botham ; Lacolle, Thomas Gordon ; Philips burg, P. P. Russell; Potion, James H. M Vcy ; 
Uusseltown, John Davidson; Sntton, Benjamin Seaton ; S;anstead, James Thompson; St. 
Johns, William Macrae; St. Regis. S. F. Finden. 

COLLECTORS, CANADA WEST River Raisin, John Cameron; Cornwall, Guy C. Wood; 
Mariatown, A. McDonell ; Prescott, Alpheus Jones ; Maitlnml, J. Verner ; Brorkviile, W. F. 
Meudel ; Gananoque, Epbraim Webster; Kingston, James Hopkirk; Bath, C. McKenzie ; 
Belleville, Henry Baldwin ; Hallowell, J. P. Roblin ; Presqu Isle, Charles Short ; Port Hope, 
M F. Whitehead ; Cobourg, W. H. Kitson ; Darlington. Henry S Reid ; Bond Head, Fdwarci 
Clark; Toronto, Robert Stanton; Penetanguisi.ene, William Simpson; Windsor, William 
Warren ; Oakville, Robert K Chisholm ; Burlington Bench, John Davidson ; Chippawa. O. T. 
Macklem ; Queenston, G McMickeri; Fort Erie, James Kerby; Port Dalhousie, John Clark ; 
Niagara, T. McCormick ; Dunnville, W B. Sheehan ; Port Colborne. Thomas Parke ; Port 
Ik>ver, Capt. Graham ; Port Stanley, Richard Smith ; Port Bunveil, J, P. Bellairs 5 Turkey 



71 

J>omt G. J. Reade; Goderich, John Gait; Port Sarnia, R, R. Vidal; Sandwich, J. T. Elliot; 
Amherstburgh, F. Caldwell ; Chatham, William Cosgrave ; Rondeau, Thomas Crony n .; Sault 
St. Mary, George Wilson; Owen s Sound, Richard Carney; Wellington, T. Worthington ; 
Wallaceburgh, J. Bell. 

INSPECTORS OF REVENUE DISTRICTS. 



Saint Francis Chauncey Bullock . 

Eastern Philip Vankoughnet. 

Ottawa Don McDonald, (F.) 

Johnstown., John Weatherhead. 



Huron Charles Widder. 

Western W. G. Hall. 

Gore (North Division*) Duncan McDougall. 
Gore (South Division!) Hon. John Willson. 
Home (York Division!) James McDonell. 



Bathurst Anthony Leslie. 

Dalhousie Archibald McDonell. | Home ( West.Division) Peter Morgan. 

Prince Edward Adam Hubbs. Home (East. Division^) John Rose. 

Midland James Sampson. 

Victoria Anthony Marshall. 

Colborne Thomas Milburn. 

Simcoe John Moberly. 

Niagara W. D. Miller. 

Wellington James Hodgert. 



NewcMtie(Nortbnm- ? G s> Daintry . 

berland Division) ) 
Newcastle (Durham) James Jo hn Ward. 

Division) ^ 

London (First Division) John B. Clench. 
London(Sec d Division) Freeman Talbot. 



Brock John G. Vansittart. Montreal (First Drv.) . D. S. Stewart. 

Talbot Edward P. Ryerse. j Montreal (Second JJiv.) James M. Ferris. 

J. W. Dunscombe, Commissioner of Customs; A. S. Menzies, CUrk; Matthew Jack, do.; 
Joseph Lee, Extra, do. ; Philip Derbishire, do. do. 

* North Division Gore, consists of the townships of Esquesing, Nassagaweya, Trafalgar, 
Nelson, Flamboro East, Flambcro West, Beverley, and Dumfries with the exception of the 
rst, second and third concessions. 

f South Division Gore, consists of the townships of Ancaster, Barton, Saltfleet, Binbrook, 
Glandford, Seneca, Onondago, Brantford, Tuscarora, Oneida, together with the first, second, 
and third concessions of Dumfries. 

J York Division consists of the city of Toronto and the township of York. 

Western Division consists of the townships of Etebicoke, Caledon, Toronto, Chinguacousy, 
Gore of Toronto, King, Albion, and Vaughan. 

^ Eastern Division consists of the townships of Whitchurch, Thorah, Scott, Mara, Usfcridge, 
East Gwillimbury, North Gwillimbury, Reach, Markham, Brock, Scarboro , GeSrgina. 
Pickering, and Whitby. 

NOTE. The separate divisions of the Newcastle District, comprise the counties of Northum 
berland and Durham respectively. 

The Official Gazette, announcing the appointments, irom which the foregoing list is taken, 
does not specify the boundaries of ihe several revenue divisions in the London District, and the 

District of Montreal. -. 

TRINITY BOARD. 

Robert Armour, Master; J. W. Dunscombe, Deputy Master; John Molson, Warden. ; 
Wiiliam Edmondstone, do. ; H. L. Rout-h, do ; John Try, do. ; Andrew Shaw, do.; James 
Holmes, Regitrarand Treasurer; W. K. Rayside, Harbour Mauler -, H. G. Thompson, Watt.r 
Bailiff. 

NEW CIVII^ L.IST OF CANADA, 

In 1816, an Act was passed by the Legislature of Canada, entitled " An Jlct for granting r. 
Civil List to Her Majesty," which was reserved by the Governor General for the signification of 
Her Majesty s pleasure thereon. The Act has since been assented to by the Queen in Council, 
and the Royal assent thereto promulgated by Proclamation bearing date at Montreal, 14tn 
October, 1847. The Civil List granted to Her Majesty, by the Act in question, is contained in 
the two following Schedules marked A. & B. The contents of Schedule A., amounting to 
.33,031, Currency, are granted to Her Majesty, Her Heirs and Successors, and payable in 
every year, out ot the Consolidated Revenue of this Province, for defraying the several charges 
named in the Schedule ; and the contents of Schedule B., amounting 37,450 15s. 3d, Cui- 
rency, are granted to Her Majesty, Her Heirs a..d Successors, during the life of Her Majesty, 
and for five years after the demise of Her Majesty, in every year, out of the Consolidated Fund. 
During the time for which these sums are severally payable, the same shall be accepted and 
taken by Her Majesty byway of Civil Lists, instead of all territorial and other revenues now nt 
the disposal of the Crown in the Province ; and three-fifths of the net produce of the territorial 
and other revenues now at the disposal of the Crown in the Proviuce shall be paid over to the 
account of the consolidated revenue fund ; and during the life of Her Majesty, and for five years 
after the dsmise of Her Majesty, the remaining two-fifths of the net produce of the territorial 
and other revenues shall be paid over in like manner to the account of the said consolidated 
revenue fund. The Resolutions of Supply of the Legislative Assembly, passed ,18th May, 



72 

* 

1 846, which form the basis of the Act for granting a Civil List to Her Majesty eml.]* t k 
pinions of the Committee of the whole House, on Supply, and dedare in 
therewith, that the said several sums shall not be payable uiiil the repeal of lh P 3mT3 
52nd, 53rd, 54th. 55th, 56th, and 57th sections of the Act pas ed by the 

m the third and fourth years of Her Majesty s Reign, intituled, 1 

andfor the Goment f 



OFFICES, &0. 



SCHEDULE A. 



Amounts payabl 
according to pre 
sent Establish 
ment. 



Proposed amounts 
to be allowed in 
future, as vacan 
cies occur by the 
removal of the 
present incum 
bents. 



Currency. 



s. D. s. D. 

1. Governor-General, to bo in lieu of fees, seizures, 

and forfeitures, 7000 sterling 7777 15 g 7777 15 6 

UPPER CANADA. 

2. One Chief Justice 166613 4 1250 

3. l<our Puisne Judges, at 1000 each 4000 4000 

4. One Vice-Chancellor 1250 1111 2 2 

LOWER CANADA. 

5. One Chief Justice of Canada 166613 4 1250 

6. Three Puisne Judges, Quebec, at 1000 each... 3000 3000 

7. One Chief Justice of Montreal or Quebec, as the 

case may be 1222 4 4 1200 

free Puisne Judges of Montreal, at 1000 each- 3000 3000 

9. One Judge at Three Rivers 1000 00 500 

[0. One Judge for the District of St. Francis 555 11 1 500 

11. First Judge, District of Gaspe 555 1 1 1 500 

J 2. Second do. do. 500 500 

3. Pensions to Judges 2222 2 4 2222 2 4 

14. Attorneys and Solicitors-General, salaries and 

allowances for contingencies 3900 3900 

15. Court of Vice- Admiralty 472 4 4 470 

16. Circuit allowances to Judges 1550 1550 

17. Permanent Clerk attached to the Crown Law 

Department 300 300 

Totals, currency 34638 15 4 33031 

SCHEDULE B. 

1 . Governor s Secretary and his Office 1925 8 6 1536 

2. Provincial Secretary and his Office 4423 1 10 4242 

3. Registrar s Office to merge in the Provincial Secre 

tary s Office, after the present incumbency 1083 6 6 650 

4. Receiver-General s Office 2300 8 8 2056 

5. Inspector-General and his Office 4022 13 4 3856 

6. Executive Council Office 2922 4 4 2637 

7. Board of Management of Public Works 209417 7 ^000 

S. Emigrant Agent 752 4 2 752 4 2 

9. Pensions 555511 1 555511 1 

0. Indian Annuities 6666 6666 

II. Contingencies of Public Offices < 7500 7500 

Totals, currency 3924516 3745015 3 



Currency. 



73 

MILITARY. 



COMMANDER OF THE FORCES. 

HEAD QUARTERS MONTREAL. 

LIEUTENANT GENERAL SIR BENJAMIN D URBAN, G. c. B., K. C.H., Sorel. 
Military Secretary, Capt. V. Kirkland, 20th Foot. A. D. C., Major Talbot, 43rd Foot, 

GENERAL OFFICERS. 

Major General Sir Richard Armstrong, C. B., Kingston. Jl. D. C., Major Moore, 82nd Regt. 
Major General the Hon. Charles Gore, K. H., Montreal. A. D. C., Lieut. Gore, 71st Regt 

COLONELS ON THE STAFF. 

Colonel Dynely, C. B., Commanding Royal Artillery, Montreal ; Colonel Holloway, C. B., 
Commanding Royal Engineers, Montreal ; Bt. Major Burns, R. A., Major of Brigade, Montreal, 

ADJUTANT GENERAL S DEPARTMENT. 

Deputy Adjutant General Colonel Wetherall, K. H. & C. B Montreal. 

Assistant Adjutant General Lieut. Colonel Plomer Young, K H Kingston. 

2)o. DO Lieut. Colonel Pritchard Montreal. 

Deputy Assist. Adjutant General. .Capt. Gliffin, unattached Montreal. 

])o. Do. . .Capt. Ciaremont, Royal Canadian Rifles. .. Do. 
Town Major Ensign MacDonald Do. 

Do. " Capt. Knight, unattached Quebec. 

Do. Bt. Major Hourchier, K. P Kingston. 

Fort Adjutant Quarter Master, Patterson, K. P Isle Aux Noix. 

Do. Lieutenant Keating Penetanguishine, 

QUARTER MASTER GENERAL S DEPARTMENT. 

Deputy Qr. Master General Lieut. Colonel Mackenzie Frazer Montreal. 

Assist. Qr. Master General Bt. Major de Rottenburg Kingston. > 

Deputy Assist. Do. Capt Inall, unattached Quebec. 

Do. Do. Capt. Ready 71st Regt Montreal 

COMMISSARIAT DEPARTMENT. 

HEAD QUARTERS MONTREAL. 

Commissary General (P.) William Filder, Montreal. 

Deputy Commissary General, (P.) John Laidley, Montreal. 

Assistant Commissary Generals John Wood, Montreal ; Tannatt H. Thomson, Toronto} 
William Bailey, Kingston; John Lane, Montreal; Thomas E. Trew, Niagara; Ferguson 
.Coxworthy, Quebec ; Fulford B. Feilde, Prescott ; Henry F. Oriel, Bytown ; John McFarlane, 
William Henry ; James J. Skyrme, Chambly ; William Stanton, London. 

Deputy Assistant Commissary Generals William H. Dalrymple, Kingston ; Leonce Routh, 
Montreal ; Stanley Jones, Amherstburgh ; Montague Darling, Fort Garry, Hudson s Bay ; 
E. Barrington de Fonblanque, Toronto ; P. St. John Mildmay, Fort Garry ; J. K. Goold, 
Penetanguishene ; P. Telfer, Quebec ; A. Chichester Crookshank, Kingston; Jocelyn Hardinge, 
Tubby, Montreal. 

Treasury Clerks C. J. Walcot, Montreal; Rupert Bower, Chambly; Henry Maule, Mon 
treal; C. E. Babington, London; Blood Gallwey, Amherstburgh; C. Probyn, Montreal; 
Arthur West, Quebec; E. Julian, Quebec; O. H. Roberts, Kingston; S. Napier, Montreal; 
Allinson, London. , 

ARMY MEDICAL STAFF. 

RANK. NAME. STATIONS. 

Inspector- General of Hospitals. . . .M. M. Mahony, M.D .Montreal. 



Staff Surgeon of the 1st Class 

Do. do. 

Staff Surgeon of the 2nd Class 

Do. do. 

Do. do. 

Do. do. 

Do. do. 

Do. do. 



. .Alexander Melvin Quebec. 

. .William Bell, M.D Kingston. 

. . George Home By town. 

..John Mair, M.D Kingston. 

..A. T. Jackson, M.D Montreal. 

. .James Millar, M. D Quebec. 

. .J. D McDiamind, M.D Quebec. 

. .F. Roberts . .Toronto. 



74 * 

RANK. KAME. STATIONS. 

Staff Assistant Surgeon ........ J. G. Wood, M. D ................. Isle aux Noix. 

Do. do. ---- William C. Seaman, M. D .......... Montreal, (St. Helens.) 

Do. do. ---- E. W. Bawtree, M. D .............. Penetanguishene. 

Do. do. .. ..William Simpson, M. B ............ Prescott. 

Medical Clerk ., ............... S. W. H. Leslie ................... Mdntreal. 

Do. do .................. Thomas Raffan ................... Montreal, 

................. - Smith ....................... Montreal. 



ORDNANCE DEPARTMENT. 

HEAD -QUARTERS MONTREAL. 

Respective Officers Colonel Dynely, C. B., Commanding Royal Artillery, Canada ; Colonel 
Holloway, Commanding Royal Engineers, Canada; James Sutton Elliott, Esq., Ordnance 
Storekeeper ; W. H. Blenkarne, Esq., Deputy Ordnance Storekeeper. 

Ordnance Clerks Messrs. Edward Fayrer, J. Greig, Edward Wilgress, and G. F. Stephens, 
Assistant Clerk, Mr. H. W. Trigge. 

QUEBEC. 

Respective Officers Lieut. Colonel Walker, Commanding Royal Artillery, C. E. ; Lieut. 
Colonel Ord, Commanding Royal Engineers, C. E. ; Richard Penn, E>q., Ordnance Storekeeper. 

Ordnance Clerks Messrs. Adolphus F. Thomas, Donald Grant, Jun., and John Bligh. 

KINGSTON. 

Respective Oncers Lieut. Colonel Dalton, Commanding Royal Artillery, C. W. ; Lieut. 
Colonel Fenwick, Commanding Royal Engineers, C. W. ; James A. Harvey, Esq., Ordnance 
Storekeeper. 

Ordnance Clerks Messrs. Thomas Gurly, William Macintosh, and William Eeles. 

RIDEAU CANAL, (BYTOWN.) 

Respective Officers Capt. C. E. Ford, Royal Engineers; Seth Thomas, Jun. Esq , Ordnance 
Storekeeper. 

Ordnance Clerks Messrs. T. McDonald and J. G. Playter. 

TORONTO DISTRICT. 

Respective Officers Major Page, Royal Engineers; William Antrobus Holwell, Esq., Deputy 
Ordnance Storekeeper. 

Ordnance Clerk, Mr. John Durnford ; Assistant Clerk, Mr. Maitland Raynes. 

ISLE AUX NOIX. 
Deputy Ordnance Slo>ekeepc - A. L. Wools, Esq. 

OTTAWA CANAL, (CARILLON.) 
Deputy Ordnance Storekeeper Peter Monsell, Esq. 



BARRACK MASTERS. 

Montreal District Montreal and St. Helens, W. H. Gray, Esq ; Chambly, Major F. B, 
Eliot; Lapraiiie, W. Macdonald, Esq.; St. Johns, Thomas Eate, Esq ; William Henry 
T. Stephens. Esq. (5:<L?.) 

Quebec Thomas Trigge, Esq. 

Kingston DistrictKingston, Francis Raynes, Esq.; Prescott, T. Luard, Esq. 

Rideatt Canal (dieting) S. Thomas, Esq., (0. S) 

Isle, aux Nou,x (.4 din*) A. L. Wools, Esq., (D. O. S.) 

Ottawa Canal, Carillon, (Acting) P. Monsell, Esq., (D. 0. S.) 

Toronto District Toronto, Henry Cornweil, Esq. ; Niagara, Chippewa, and Port Robinson, 
A. Garrett, Esq.; London, Thompson Wilson, Esq.; Arnherstburgh, Windsor, and Chatham, 
W. Duff, Esq ; Penetangnishene, David Hogg, Etq. 



ROYAL ENGINEER DEPARTMENT. 

HEAD QUARTER OFFICE MONTREAL. 

Military Branch W. C. E. Holloway, C. B., Colonel Commanding Royal Engineers in 
Canada; B, S. Stchelin, Captain arid Assist. Commanding Royal Engineers; P.J.Hornby, 
Captain, (defining Ordnance Boundaries in C. E.) ; W. L. Morrison, Lieut, and Act. Adjutant 
Royal Engineers. 

Civil Branch R J. Pilkington, Draftsman ; Charles Walkem, Surveyor and Draftsman j 
C- A. Lancaster, Surveyor and Draftsman j John Owens, Clerk of Works ; James Kerr, Clerk; 



75 

Jdha Stephens, Clerk ; F. W. Lancaster, Clerk ; F. N. Boxer, Clerk ; John Gardiner, Clerk ; 
Joseph Collard, Foreman of Works; James Robertson, Office Keeper; Patrick Moffatt, Office 
Keeper. 

MONTREAL DIVISION OFFICE. 

Military Branch C. J. Selwyn, Lieut. Colonel; S. Freeth, Captain; C. Paslay, Lient ; 
J. Moggridge, Lieut. 

Civil Branch Thomas Kinton, Clerk of Works; Do., Thomas Rawe ; Norman Lament 
Clerk; H. J. Ledley, Clerk; A. J. Ford, Clerk; William Jago, Foreman of Works; Do, 
T. B. Cockburn ; Do., William Hadden ; James Fraser, Office Keeper. 

QUEBEC. 

Military Branch W. R. Ord, Lieut. Colonel ; C. McCausland, Captain ; C. G. Gray, Lient ; 
J. A. L. Murray, Lieut. 

Civil Branch R. Sands, Clerk of Works; Do., Jonathan Bennett; Do., E. W. Wright; 
P. Peters, Clerk ; B. Collyer, Clerk ; William Thorpe, Clerk ; John Hall, Office Keeper. 

KINGSTON. 

Military Branch T. H. Fenwick, Lieut. Colonel ; George Bent, Captain ; J. R. Mann, 
Lieut. ; J. G. Jervois, Lieut. 

Civil Branch George Houghton, Clerk of Works; Do., Richard Bean; Samuel Shaw 
Clerk; Do., T B. Harper; Do., James H. Oakes ; Do., George H. Peak; John Grist, Foreman 
of Works; Do., William Wright; Alex Magum, Office Keeper. 

TORONTO. 

Military Branch G. C. Page, Capt. and Bt. Major. 

Civil Branch Thomas B. Wright, Clerk of Works; William Glanes, Office Keeper. 

NIAGARA. 

Timothy Synow, Office Keeper, 

LONDON. 
Andrew Kemp, Foreman of Works ; William Barker, Office Keeper. 

CANAL DISTRICT, BYTOWN. 

Military Branch C. E. Ford, Captain ; W. H. Synge, Lieut. ; F. R. King, Lieut., (defining 
Ordnance Boundaries in C. W ) ; R. D. Kerr, Lieut. 

Civil Branch Nelson Walker, Surveyor and Draftsman ; James Corbett, Clerk of Works ; 
Do., John Brophy; William Clegg, Clerk; Do., Charles J. Clarke; James Fitzgibbon, 
Foreman of Works; Paul Cooper, Office Keeper. 

REGIMENTAL. 

Royal Artillery Lt. Col. Walker, Quebec ; Lt. Col. Dalton, Kingston ; Bt. Major Frnser,, 
London. 

Royal Engineers Lt. Col. Ord, Quebec; Lt. Col. Fenwick, Kingston; Bt. Major Page* 
Toronto. 

93rd Highlanders, Lt. Col. Spark, Commanding, Quebec ; R. B. Rifle Brigade, Major 
Lawrence, Quebec; R. B. 23rd Fusileers, Lt Col. Holmes, Montreal; 77th Regt., Col. 
Bradshawe, Montreal; R. B. 71st Regt., Lt. Col. Denny, Commanding, Chambly, (detach 
ments at Sorel, St. Helens, and Lachine) ; 1st Bat. 20ih Regt., Major Crofton, Commanding, 
Kingston ; Left Wing, Rifle Brigade, Capt. Wilkinson, Commanding, Kingston ; 2nd Bat. 
Rifle Brigade, Major Esten, Commanding, Toronto ; 3 Companies Koyal Canadian Rifles, 
Major Muter, Commanding, Toronto; Head Quarters Royal Canadian Rifles, Lt. Col. 
Newton, K. H., Commanding, Niagara ; Reserve Bat SDth Regt, Lt. Col Horn, 29th Foot, 
Commanding, London; 1 Company Royal Canadian Rifles, Capt. Taylor, Commanding, 
Amtierstburgh. (This Regiment furnishes detachments also at Phtllipsburg, Chateauguay, 
Bytovvn, St. Johns, Coteau du Lac, Ptescott, Brockville, Chippewa, Windsor, and Penetaa- 
guishene. 



THE MAGNETICAL OBSERVATORY, TORONTO. 

Director, Captain J. H. Lefroy, R. A. ; Establishment, five N. C. Officers of the Royal 
Artillery, as Assistants. 

The Magnetical and Meteorological Observatory was founded by Her Majesty s Government 
in 1840. in concert with similar Establishments in other Colonies, and in JnJia. Similar 
Establishments have been maintained at Washington, Philadelphia and Boston, in the United 
States, and in most European countries. 



76 

JUDICIARY. 



LAW COURTS, CANADA WEST. 

COURT OF APPEAL. 

OSGOODE HALL. 

His Excellency the Governor General ; two or more Executive Councillors ; the Hon. Vice 
Chancellor Jameson, the Hon. Chief Justice Robinson, the Hon. Judges of Court of Queen a 
Bench. Clerk. Joseph C. Morrison, Esq. TERMS. March 1st; July 5th; August 23rd; 
November 29th. 

COURT OF CHANCERY. 
OSGOODE HALL. 

Chancellor His Excellency the Governor General ; Vice Chancellor The Hon. Robert S. 
Jameson ; Master and Registrar John G. Spragge. TERMS. First, from the 10th to the 22nd 
January; second, from the 10th to the 22nd April; third, from the 3rd to the 15th July; 
fourth, from the 4th to the 16th December. Long vacation, from 15th August to 1st October. 

COURT OF QUEEN S BENCH. 

OSGOODE HALL. 

Chief Justice Hon. John Beverley Robinson; Puisne Judges Hon. James B. Macaulay, 
on.^ Archibald McLean, Hon. Jonas Jones, Hon. W. H. Draper. Clerks of Assizes William 

A. Campbell, Home, Charles Jones, Thomas McLean, W. J. Draper. TERMS OF 

SITTING. Hilary Term begins on 7th, and ends on 19th of February; Easter Term begins on 
12th, and ends on 24th Jui;e ; Trinity Term begins on 31st July, and ends on 12th August; 
Michaelmas Term begins on 6th, and ends on 18th November. 

CIRCUIT COURTS. 



DISTRICT. 


DISTRICT TOWN. 


SPRING CIRCUIT, 1848. 
Days of opening. 


FALL CIRCUIT, 1848. 
Days of opening. 


Bathurst 


Perth 


Tuesday, May 9 


Thursday, October 26. 


Brock 


Woodstock . . . 


Monday Mav 8 


Colborne 


Peterboro 5 




Monday, October 23. 
Friday, October 20. 
Monday, October 9. 
Tuesday, September 26. 
Thursday, October 5. 




Bytown .......... 


Wednesday, May 3 


Eastern 


Cornwall 


Wednesday April 26 


Gore 


Hamilton 


Wednesday April 26 


Home 


Toronto 


Tuesday May 9 


Huron 


Goderich ...... 


Friday May 19 


Johnstown 
London 


Brockville 


Thursday, April 20 
Thursday May 11 


Monday, October 2. 
Tuesday, September 19. 
Friday, September 22. 
Monday, October 16. 
Monday, September 11. 
Monday, October 18. 
Wednesday, October 4. 
Thursday, October 19. 


London 


Midland 
Newcastle 


Kingston 
Cobourg . 


Tuesday, April 11 ........ 


Tuesday, June 6 


Niagara 
Ottawa . . 


Niagara 
L Orignal 


Tuesday, April 11 




Prince Edward. . . 
Simcoe 


Picton .......... 





Barne . . 


Talbot 


Simcoe . . 




Victoria 
Wellington 


Belleville .. 


Wednesday, May 31 .. . 


Monday, October 9. 
Monday, September 11. 


Guelph 


Wednesday May 24 


Western 


Sandwich 


Tuesday, May 2 



CROWN OFFICE. 

Clerk of the Crown and Common Qeas Charles C. Small, Esq. ; Clerk in Court John 
Radenhurst, Esq.; Clerk in Practice Court William B. Heward, Esq. OFFICE William 
H. Coxwell, Esq., Mr. Thomas Coxwell, Mr. Robert Pearson, Mr. George Goldsmith, Mr. 
William Innes. 



Niagara District 
Gore do 

Talbot do 
Brock do 
Wellington do 
London do 
Huron do 
Western do 
Newcastle do 
Colborne do 



DEPUTY CLERKS 

W. D. Miller. 

Alexander Stewart. 

A. B. Rapelje. 

Richard Foquete. 

William Hewitt. 

John Harris. 

Morgan Hamilton. 

P. H. Morin. 

H. W. Jones. 

W. H. Wrighton. 



OF THE CROWN 

Victoria District 
Prince Edward do 



Midland 

Johnstown 

Bathurst 

Dalhousie 

Ottawa 

Eastern 

Simcoe 



do 
do 
do 
do 
do 
do 
do 



...W. H. Ponton. 
. . .C. Moi timer. 
. . John S. Smyth. 
...T. D. Campbell 
. . .Charles Sache. 
...R. Billings, Jr. 
. ..T. H. Johnson. 
...G-C. Wood. 
...W. H. Go wan, Esqs. 



77 



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78 

COURT OF PROBATE. 
Ofllnal Principal Seeker Brough j Registrar Charles Fitzgibbon. 

SITTINGS OF DISTRICT COURT AND QUARTER SESSIONS. 
Tbe sittings of the District Court, and the Court of General Quarter Sessions, take place on 
the first Tuesday in the months of January, April and July, and the third Tuesday in November 
iu each year. 

DISTRICT COURT, C. W. T E R M S, 1848. 

From the 6th to the llth December, 1847 5 6th to llth March, 1848 : 5th to 10th June 23rd 
to 28th October; 4th to 9th December. 



COURTS OF JUSTICE, CANADA EAST. 

COURT OF APPEALS. 

The Court of Appeals for Lower Canada established under the Provincial Act 7 Victoria, 
Chap. 18 is composed of all tie Justices of the several Courts of Queen s Bench, any four of 
whom form a quoyum. Joseph Guillaume Barthe, Clerk; John Von-Exter, Deputy Clerk 
TERMS. From the 1st to 10th March, June, and November, both days inclusive. The Court 
sits alternately iu Qaebec and Montreal. 

COURT OF QUEEN S BENCH. 

Criminal jurisdiction held at Montreal, from 1st to 15th February; from 1st to loth August, 
Hon. Jean lloch Holland, Chief Justice ; Hon. Samuel Gale, Hon. Charles D. Day, lion-. 
James Smith, Puisne Judges; A. M. Delisle, Clerk of the Crown; John Boston, and William 
Foster Coffin, Sheriffs; Joseph Jones, and M. A. DeSalabery, Coroners; Benjamin Delisle 
High Constable; Charles E. Shiller, Superintendent of Crown Witnesses; Richard Dillon 
French Translator and Interpreter; George Stanley, Cner; Peter Devins, Assistant Crier ;. 
Thomas McGinn, Gaoler. 

QUEBEC, 

Hon. Sir James Stuart, Chief Justice for C. . ; Hon. Edward Bowen, Hon. Philippe Panet, 
Hon. Elz6ar Bedard, Puisne Judges; William S. Sewell, Sheriff; E. Burroughs, and C. Fiset 
Prothonotary ; James Green, Clerk of the Crown; B. A. Panet, and- J. A. Panet, Coroner*. 
TERMS. Criminal Court, trom 1st to 10th February and August. Civil Superior, 7th to 31st 
January, anJ 1st to 25th April, July, and October. Inferior, 16th to 25lh February and May, 
1st to 10th September and December. 

THREE RIVERS. 

D. Mondelet, Resident Judge; I. G. Ogden, Sheriff; E. Barnard, Prothonotary and Clerk of 
ike Crown; Vale- re Guillet, Coroner; Philip Bums, His*h Constable. TERMS. Super ior, 
Civil and Criminal, 12th to 26th February, and 14th to 23th. October ; Civil only, 19th to 28tb 
June. Inferior, 1st to 7th February, April, June, August, October, and December. 

% 

SAINT FRANCIS. 

R. H. Gairdner, Provincial Judge; E. Bowen, Sheriff; W. Bell, and F. G. Bo-wen, Pro- 
tkonotary and Ckrh of the CrOien; <G. A. DeTonnancour, Coroner. 

CA s p E . 

Hon. John G. Thompson, Provincial Judge ; Martin Sheppard, Sheriff; J. Wilkie, and G. 
F. Tremblay, Clerk of the Crovm and Prolhonotary ; Robert Sherar, Coroner. TERMS 
Civil and Criminal At Percd, 21st to 30th August; at New Carlisle, 4th to 1 3th September. 

The Superior Courts of Queen s Bench have jurisdiction in suits abo?e 20 currency. Th 
Inferior Courts have jurisdiction up to .20 currency. 

CIRCUIT COURTS. 

DISTRICT OF MONTREAL. 

Judges** Hypolite Guy, Charles Mondelet, John S. McCord, William Badgley. Circmi 
Cl-erks A. D. Bondy, }lerthier ; L. DeLorimer, L jlssomption; Germain Raby, Terrebonne ; 
F. H. Lemaire, Two Mountains; A. Lafontaine, Ottawa; 0. Bastien, Vaudreuil ; Louis 
Beaudry, Beauharnois ; John McGillis, Saint Johns; James C. Allsopp, Jr., M hsisquoi ; P. 
Doucet, Saint Hijadnthe; T. R. Chevalier, Richelieu. TERMS. JBertfiier In the Parish of 
Berthier, 1st to 7th March, July arrd November. L jSssomption In the Parish of St. Pierre, 
to 15th March, July, and November. Terrebonnf In the Parish of St. Louis, 7th to 13tk 



January, May, and September. Two Mountains In the Parish of St. Benoit, 17th. to- 3Snl 
February, June, arid October. Ottawa At the Village of Aylmer, 7th to 13th January, May, 
and September. Vaudreuil In the Parish of St. Michael, 10th to 16th February, June, and 
October. Beauharnois In the Parish of St. Clement, 17th to 23rd February, June, and October. 
Saint Johns In the Parish of St. John, 1st to 7th February, June, and October. Mlssisquoi 
Nelsonville, Township of Dunham, 9th to 15th March, July, and November. Saint Hijacinthe 
At the Village of St. Hyacinthe, 10th to 16th February, June, and October. Richelieu In the 
Parish of St. Ours, 7th to 13th January, May, and September. The Circuit Courts haro 
jurisdiction up to 20 currency. 

BANKRUPT COURT. 

Hypolite Guy, Charles Mondelet, and John S. McCord 1 , Circuit Badges and Commissioner* 
of Bankrupts ; David R. Wood, Clerk. 

COMMISSIONERS COURTS. 

The Commissioners Courts are held every Monday, in the Cities of Quebec and Montreal, 
and on any other day or days during the week to which they may be adjourned, for hearing 
witnesses and determining suits : the Circuit Judges being Commissioners, ex officio. In all 
other places where Commissioners Courts are established, the sittings are held on the first 
Monday of every month, and on any other day or days to which they may be adjourned, for 
hearing witnesses and determining sails. Clerk of Court, Montreal John Platt. Jurisdiction 
in sums not exceeding j6 5s. 



COURT OF QUARTER SESSIONS. 

Held at Montreal, from 10th to 19th January; from 21st to 30th April; from 10th to 19th 
July; from 21st to 30th October. Hypolite Guy, Charles E. Mondelet, and John S. MeCord, 
Circuit Judges, and Chairtne.i of the sail Court; Alexander M. DeJisle, William H. 
Bre"hant, Clerk of the Peace, and of the Sessions ; Louis Malo, Crier; Dedimus Potestatern, 
Samuel W. Monk, John Boston, Alexander M. Delisle, VV. C. H. Coffin, William F. Coffin, 
L. J. A. Papineau, Joseph G. Barthe, William H. Brdhant, Commissioners. 

COMMISSIONERS FOR RECEIVING AFFIDAVITS FOR COURT OF Q. B. 

MONTREAL. 

S. W. Monk, L. J. A. Pcipineau, Joim Boston, William F. Coffin, J. A. Labadie, Joseph 
Jones, William Ross, J. Belle, Etienne Guy, P. J. Beaudry, G. Weeks, 0. Leblanc, Charka 
A. Terroux, A. Pellelier. 

Commissioners under "Mien" JLd, 1th Vic., Chap. 109 Alexander M. Delisle, and 
Alexander H. Brabant. 

Inspector and Superintendent of Police William Ermatuiger. 



* The Circuit Judges are also, by virtue of their appointments, Commissioners of Kar.krupts and Justices ni 
the Peace, and are required to act m Chairmen of the Quarter Sessions in the Districts for which ihty are appointed. 

EDUCATION ALJDEPARTMENT. 

DEPARTMENT OF COMMON SCHOOL UPPER CANADA. 

The Rev. Egerton Ryerson, D. D., Chief Superintendent of Schools ; Mr. J. George Hodgins, 
Office Clerk. Education Office (Provincial Secretary s late Office,) King Street, Toronto. 
Office Hours From 10, A. M., to 3, P. M. 

All Communications with the Government, relating to- Common School* in Upper Canada, 
should be made through the Education Office, otherwise they are referred back to the Chief 
Superintendent, to be brought before His Excellency through the proper Department. 

BOARD OF EDUCATION.* 

The Rev. Egerton Ryerson, D.D., Chief Superintendent of Schools ; The Rev. Henry James 
Grasett. A. M. ; His Worship the Mayor of Toronto ; The Hon. Samuel Eealy Harrison, Q.C. ; 
Joseph C. Morrison, Hugh Scobie, and James Scott Howard, Esquires. Mr. J. George Hodgins, 
Recording Clerk. 

Days of Meeting Tuesdays, at 10 ocloct, A. M. Three members form a quorum for the 
transaction of business. 



A vacancy bit* occurred is* tin Board, by the death of the Right Bflv. Michael Power, D. D., Romeo Catfcotto 
of Toronto, who wai the Chairman of she guard. 



80 

AH Communications intended for the Board of Education, to be addressed to the Chief 
Superintendent of Schools. ^* 

PROVINCIAL NORMAL SCHOOL. 
(Under the. Management of the Board of Education. ) 

The Rev. Egerton Ryerson D. D.. Chief Superintendent of Schools, General Superintendent; 
Thornas Jaffray Robertson, A. M T. C. D., Head Master; H. Y. Hind, Lecture, on ^cul 
tural Chemistry, Mathematics and Natural Philosophy. 

DISTRICT SUPERINTENDENTS OF COMMON SCHOOLS IN UPPER CANADA 

V^f r ^ St r C f Y ilUa n ^ m f C (P<*tTown) ; Ottawa District, Thomas Higginson, 
Vankleekhil I; Johnstown District, Richey Waugh, Merrickviile ; Bathurst District, Rev James 
William Padneld, Franktown ; Dalhousie District, Hon. Hamnett Pinhey, March- Prince 
Edward District Thomas Donnelly, Bloomfield ; Midland District, John Strachan, Mill Creek; 
nctoria District, William Hutton, Belleville ; Newcastle District, Benjamin Hayter, Cobour- 
Colborne District Llias Burnham, Peterborough ; Home District, Hamilton Hunter, Toronto 
SimcoeDistnct,Eemy Augustus Clifford, Barrie ; Niagara District, Dexter D Everardo, Pelham 
Gore District, Patrick Ihornton, Hamilton; Wellington District, Alexander Allan A M 
I reston ; Brock District, Rev. Wm. H. Landon, Woodstock ; Talbot District Rev William 
Clarke, Sim roe ; London District, William Elliott, London; Huron District, John Bmiall 
Godench ; Western District, Robert Reynolds, Amherstburgh. 

District Superintendents are appointed by the Municipal Councils ; but may be removed bv 
the Governor in Council, lor violation or neglect of duty. 

Their duties are : To transmit to the Clerk of the District Council a certified copy of the 
Legislative Grant apportionment, as soon as the notice thereof shall have been received from 
the Chief Superintendent ; to apportion the School Fund amor.g the several School Sections 
entitled to receive the same ; to honour the orders of Trustees in favour of qualified Teachers 
for the sums apportioned; to visit all Model and Common Schools once a year or oftener; to 
examine and grant Certificates of qualification to Teachers ; to prevent the use of unauthorised 
School Books ; to decide upon all questions of dispute submitted to them, subject to an appeal 
to the Chief Superintendent; to retain all balances of school moneys, subject to the order of 
the Chief Superintendent ; and to transmit to that officer an Annual Report upon the state of 
Common Schools, with any other information which he may require. 

CITIES IN UPPER CANADA. 

Toronto, George Anthony Barber ; Kingston, Robert McLean, M. D. ; Hamilton, 

[Boards of T/ustees not yet appointed.] 

INCORPORATED TOWNS. 

[Boards of Trustees and Superintendents of Common Schools not yet appointed."] 
Boards of Trustees, appointed by the Corporation of each City and Incorporated Town in 
Upper Canada one-third of whom to retire, and their places to be filled up at the end of each 
year to have possession of all Common School property, in trust for such Corporation, and to 
manage the same, and all moneys or income acquired for Common School purposes. Ta 
appoint a Superintendent of Common Schools; to build, repair, or rent the school-houses; 
" to determine the number, sites and description of schools, and whether such schools shall ba 
denominational or mixed ; to select books from a list made out by the Board of Education ; 
to prepare and lay before the Corporation an estimate of all sums required for the purposes of 
Common Schools ; to appoint a " Committee of not more than three persons" to manage the 
affairs of each school, (who shall hold office for one year at a time,) and to present an Annual 
Report to the Chief Superintendent of Schools. 

The Mayor or President of each Corporation to be Chairman of the Board of Trustees, by 
whom all cheques or orders on the Chamberlain or Treasurer for the payment of school moneys 
shall be signed. 

Aldermen, Town Councillors, and all Clergymen, are Visitors of Common Schools in Cities 
and Towns. 

Municipal Councils have now unlimited authority to levy assessments, according to property, 
upon all School Sections, or parts of Sections, for the purpose of making up any deficiency in 
the Teachers Salary, the purchase of Books, Apparatus, &c., or for the building or repairing of 
School-houses. 

Trustees of Common Schools, in the rural sections, (one-third of whom retire and are elected 
on the 12th January in each year,) have possession of all Common School property; have 
corporate powers and a common seal; employ all Teachers; raise subscriptions, or impose 
rate-bills for repairs, c. ; collect the same; grant orders on the District Superintendents in 
favour of qualfied Teachers (only) ; select Books from a list made out by the Board of Education 
and transmit their Annual Reports to the District Superintendents. 

Township Councillors, Magistrates, and all Clergymen, are Visitors of Common Schools in 
the rural Districts. Any two visitors may, upon due examination, grant a " special " certificate 
of qualification to a Teacher. 

SCHOOL BOOKS AUTHORISED BY THE BOARD OF EDUCATION. 
The National School Books, Lennie s Grammar, Kirkham s Grammar, Morse s Geography. 



81 



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82 
DEPARTMENT OF COMMON SCHOOLS, LX> WER CANADA, 



J. B. MEILLEUR, ESQ., M.D, Superintendent of Education, Montreal. 

Abstract of the Tables annexed to the last Report of the Superintendent of Education fop 
Lovrer Canada. 

Number of School-houses bail t or repaired during the year, 383. Estimated value of such 
School- houses, 30,495 19s 0>d. Amount granted, 13,675 9s lid. 

Table of the Municipalities to which any portion ol the Legislative grant was allowed, for the 
Scholastic year ending 1st July, 1846: No. of Children, 69,887: Schools under control, 1817; 
Dissentient, 1 3 ; Sum allowed out of the Legislative grant of .50,000, 26,097 1 -2s 2d. Ditto, 
ditto, to the end of the year: No. of Children, 46,325; Schools under control, 11 9;>; Dissen 
tient. 19. Sum allowed out of the 50,000, 8698 15s 8d. 

The Common School Law of Lower Canada, 9th Vic. Cap. xxvii, provides: That in each 
City, Town, Municipality and Village, there shall be one or more Common Schools for the 
-.lenientary instruction of youth, to be managed by five School Commissioners, elected for that 
purpose. No lailure to elect any Officer, or to assess or. levy any rate, shall affect the working 
of the Act. It shall be enforced by the Department, with the concurrence of the Governor in 
Council. The election of Commissioners to be held yearly, a minority to retire each year. No 
Commissioner shall be a Common School Teacher. The Chairman to report the proceedings 
of any General Meeting to the Superintendent of Education. In default of an election, certain 
School Commissioners, Visitors, and Representatives of the Religious Denominations, may 
submit to the Superintendent of Education the names of persons to be School Commissioners for 
ihe ensuing year. Commissioners to elect their own Chairman, Secretary and Treasurer. 
Questions to be decided by a majority of votes. Commissioners to divide the Municipality into- 
School Districts. No District to contain less than twenty children oi School age, except in one 
instance in each Municipality; this to be discretionary. Commissioners are authorized to take 
}K>ssession of all Common School property; to acquire and hold for the Corporation all moneys 
or income for the purposes of Education ; to build, repair, and keep in order all Common School 
property; to engage Teachers ; to regulate the course of StutJy ; to provide that no Books be 
used but those approved by the Board of Exaixiners ; to establish General Rules for the man 
agement of the Schools ; to fix the time of the annual public Examination ; the Cure, Priest, 
or Minister to have the exclusive right of selecting the Books having reference to Religion or 
Morals; to decide disputes; to nominate two or more Visitors from among themselves, who 
shall visit the Schools, and report at least once in six months; to report yearly to the Superin 
tendent of Education; to keep registers and account; to cause to be levied a sum equal to that 
allowed out of the Common School Fund for each Municipality; to allow, if they think proper, 
a sum not exceeding 20, yearly, for the support of any Superior or Model School, in the most 
ihickly settled part of the Municipality ; to fix the School Fees ; to exempt indigent persons; 
and to prosecute delinquent parties . The money accruing to any School District may be placed 
in a Savings Dank for a certain peiiod, to be then applied to the erection of a School-house, &c. 
School Commissioners shall be a Corporation, under certain limitations ; shall not alienate any 
properly without the express authority of the Superintendent of Education. The Corporation 
shall not cease, fabrique Schools may be united upon certain conditions. Separate or Dis 
sentient Schools may be established. A School, to Be entitled to a share in the School Fund, 
must be under legal management for at Feast eight months, and be attended by at least fifteen 
Children the return to be certified to the School Commissioners or Trustees by the Teacher, 
nid at least i\vo Commissioners; and a Report to be transmitted every six months to the Super 
intendent of Education a sum equal to the Legislative grant must be also raised. Penalties for 
false returrs to be enforced. A Girl s School may be established in each Municipality. Secretary 
and Treasurer to receive an allowance of two and a-half per cent on all moneys received. 
The resident Clergy, Judges, Members of Parliament, Justices of the Peace, Mayors, Wardens, 
Miiitia Colonels, Lk-ut Colonels, Majors and Senior Captains, to be Visitors of Common 
Schools in each Municipality. The Superintendent of Education to be ex-ojficio Visitor Gene 
ral of Public Schools. No eclesiastic to visit any School not of his own persuasion The Su 
perintendent of Education to receive a salary of 500 currency, per annum; to be allowed 
175 for a Secretaiy ; 00 for a elerk ; and the contingent expenses of his office. To give 
security to the amount of 2000. Is authorised to receive from the Receiver General all sums 
.)f money appropriated by this Act, and to distribute the same ; to prepare all necessary Forms, 
AiO., to keep correct Hooks and distinct Schedules which may be referred to by the Governor 
General in Council, the Legislature or School Visitors ; to examine and control all accounts of 
moni* appropriated by any Corporation, under this Act; and to lay annually before the three 
branches of the Legislature a detailed Report of the actual state of Education in Lower Canada. 
Assessments to be laid equally, according to valuation, and-, if not paid, to beap hypothcquc 
Rateable real property and immovable property to be alike rated. Unconceded fends in Seign 
iories to be free from assessments. The Seignors to pay, on account of their lucrative rights, one 
lorti th part of the sum assessed in the Municipality, in proportion to their Seignory in tho 
ame. Religious Eiiiicaliftna! and Charitable buildings to be exempt. The cities ot Quebec and 



83 

Montreal to have two sets of Commissioners ci six each Roman Catholic and Protestant, t 
be appointed by the Corporations respectively. No School rate to be levied therein, but the fund* 
to be forthcoming from the City Treasury. In consideration of the possession by Quebec and 
Montreal of a number of Educational Institutions, each city shall receive a fixed sum less than 
that they would otherwise receive. The School Fund to be paid by the Superintendent of Edu 
cation to the School Commissioners in two semi-annual payments. The balance of the yearly 
Legislative grant to be appropriated by the Superintendent of Education, under the authority of 
the Governor in Council, in aiding to finish School Houses, or to make extensive re 
pairs in old ones. A Board of Examiners to be appointed for the cities of Quebec and Mon 
treal, composed of fourteen persons chosen from among the different religious persuasions one 
half to be Roman Catholics. The Boards are authorized to examine and grant certificates of 
qualification to Teachers; to meet once in three months on the application of one or more 
Teachers, through the Secretary of the Board. Fees for diploma or certificate to be five shil 
lings. To give notice to the Superintendent of Education of the admission of Teachers. To 
divide Teachers into three classes, viz: of Elementary, of Model Schools, and of Academies. 
Ecclesiastics and females to be exempt from examination. Commissioners and Trustees to 
engage Teachers at their discretion. The Board to have a seal. Qualification of a School Com 
missioner to be 250. 



UNIVERSITIES, COLLEGES, &c. 

UNIVERSITY OF RING S COLLEGE, TORONTO. 

Chancellor His Excellency the Right Hon. the Earl of Elgin and Kincardine, K.T., Governor 
General of British North America, &c. Visitors The Hon. the Judges of the Queen s Bench. 

President, . CounM The Hon. the Speaker of the Legislative Council; the Hon. the 

Speaker of the Legislative Assembly ; the Attorney General, C. W ; the Solicitor General, C.W.; 
Rev. John McCaul, L.L.D ,,; Rev. James Beaven, D.D ; Henry Holmes Croft, Esq.; Wm. C. 
Gwynne, M.B; John Kin;;, M. D; the Principal of Upper Canada College. Registrar and 
Bursar Henry Boys, M. D. 

PROFESSORS (1843.) Rev. John McCaul, L L. D., Vice President and Professor of Classical 
Literature, Belles Lettres, Rhetoiic and Logic. (1843.) Rev. James Beaven, D.D., Dean, 
Professor of Divinity, Metaphysics, and Moral Philosophy. (1843.) Henry Holmes Croft, Esq., 
Proctor, Professor of Chemistry and Experimental Philosophy. (1843.) W, C. Gwynne, M.B., 
Professor of Anatomy arid Physiology (1843.) John King, M. D., Professor of the Theory 
and Practice of Medicine (1813) William Hume Blake, B.A., Professor of Law and Juris 
prudence. (1843.) William Beaumont, F. R. C S E., Professor of the Principles and Practice 
of Surgery. (1843.) George Herrirk, M. D., Professor of Midwifery and Diseases of Womea 
aiid Children. (1843 ) VV. B. Nicol, Esq. Professor of Materia Medica and Pharmacy. 
(1843) Henry Sullivan, M. R C S E., Professor of Practical Anatomy and Curator of Mu 
seum. (1844.) Rev. Robert Murray, Professor of Mathematics and Natural Philosophy. 
(1845) Lucius O Brien, M. D, Professor of Medical Jurisprudence. Hebrew Tutor J. M 
Hirschfeldar, Esq. 

The Acadamical Terms are three Michaelmas, Hilary and Easter. 

UPPER CANAI>A COLLEGE, TORONTO. Incorporated with 
the University of King s College. 

Principal F. W. Barren, Esq., M. A. First Classical Master Rev. H. Scadding, M. A 
Mathematical Master Rev. G. Maynard, M. A. 2nd do. Rev. H. W. Ripley. B. A. 3rd do. 
-Rev. W. Stennet, B. A. French Master Mr. De la Haye. First English Master Mr. M. 
Barrett, 2nd do. John Gouinlock ; Geometrical Drawing Master Mr. J. G. Howard. 

First Quarter From end of Summer Vacation to Christmas A r acation (about 20th Decem 
ber). 2nd do. From end of Chistmas Vacation to 20th March. 3rd do. From 20th March 
to 3rd. J une. 4lh do From 3d J une to Midsummer Vacation, about 6th of August. 

UNIVERSITY OF CfcUEEN^S COLLEGE, KINGSTON. 

PPOFKSSORS .Principal and Primarius Professor of Divinity Rev John Machar, D.D. 
Professor of Systematic Tncology Rev. James George. Professor of Church History Rev. 
Hugh Urquhart, A.M. Prufesw of Mathematics, Logic, and Natural Philosophy-- Rev. Jaraes 
Williamson, A. M. Professor of Classical Literature and Moral Pkilas&phy Rev. 
Romanes, A. M. 

Boi 
Keill 
Bwr. 



84 

Macbar, D. D.; Rev. William Bain, A. M; Rev. John Cruikshank, A.M.; Joseph Bruce, Esq.; 
Hon. John Hamilton ; Hon. James Crooks ; Hon. William Morris ; Hon. Archibald McLean; 
Hon. Thomas McKay; Hon. Peter McGill; E. W. Thomson, Esq.; Alexander Pringle, Esq.; 
John Cameron, Esq.; John Boston, Esq.; George Malloch, Esq.; John Mowat, Esq., F. A. 
Harper, Esq., Chairman; John Thomson, Esq. 

The Session of College for Students in the Faculty of Arts, lasts for eight months in the year, 
viz., from the 1st October to 1st June. The Divinity Classes are taught for six months, viz, 
from 1st November to 1st May. 

UNIVERSITY OF McGILL COLLEGE, MONTREAL. 

Governors. His Excellency the Governor General, the Lord Bishop of Montreal, the Hon. 
the Chief Justice of Montreal, the Hon. the Chief Justice of Upper Canada, the Principal of the 
College. 

PROFESSOKS, &c. , Principal ; Rev. W. T. Leach, A.M., Vice-Principal and Pro 
fessor of Classical Literature ; Professor of Divinity ; Professor of Mathematics 

and Natural Philosophy; Hon. W. Badgley, Law Lecturer; Rev. J. Abbott, Lecturer on 
History and Geography; L. Demontier, Lecturer on French Literature and Language; A. F. 
Holmes, M.D., Professor of Practice of Medicine ; G. W. Campbell, M.D., Lecturer on Surgery ; 
A. Hall, M.D., Lecturer on Chemistry and Pharmacy; M. McCulloch, M.D., Lecturer on 
Midwifery and Diseases of Women and Children ; Jas. Crawlord, M.D., Lecturer on Climical 
Medicine and Surgery: O. Bruneau, M.D., Lecturer on Anatomy ; J.C. Sewell, M.D., Lecturer 
on Materia Medica; R. L. Macdonell, M.D., Lecturer on institutes of Medicine; XV. Fraser, 
M.D., Lecturer on Medical Jurisprudence; L. Papineau, M.D., Lecturer on Botany ; W. E. 
Scott, M.D., Demonstrator of Anatomy; W. Wright, Curator of the Museum; Rev. James 
Abbot, A.M., Registrar, Bursar and Secretary. 




Easter Sundy, and ends on the day after Commencement Day, which is always the third Wed 
nesday in June. 

The Winter Course of Lectures, by the Medical Faculty, commences annually on the first 
Monday of November, and terminates on the last week of April. 

UNIVERSITY OF VICTORIA COLLEGE, COBGURG. 

College Senate Hon. the President of the Executive Council; Hon. the Speaker of the 
Legislative Council; Hon. the Speaker of the Legislative Assembly; Hon. the Attorney 
General West ; Hon. the Solicitor General ^ est ; Rev. M. Richey, D.D.; Rev Enoch Wood ; 
Rev. Thomas Bevitt; Rev. Jonathan Scott; Rev. Egerton Ryerson, D. D.; Rev. Alexander 
McNab, A. M.; Rev. John Ryerson; Rev. Alison Green ; Rev. Richard Jones; Rev. Hamilton 
Biggar ; Rev. C. Vandusen ; John Beatty, Esq., M.D.; John P. Roblin, Esq. ; Chas. Biggar, Esq. 

FACULTY. Principal and Professor of Rhetoric and Moral Science Rev. A. McNab, M. A. 
Professor of Classical Literature John Wilson, Esq., A.B., T.C.D. Professor of Mathematics 
William Kingston, M. A. Professor of Natural Science John Beatty, M.D. Classical Tutor 
William Ormiston. English Tutor Chailes M. D. Cameron. The Summer Session com 
mences on the third Thursday in June, and ends on the first Wednesday in October. The 
Winter Session ^ commences on the last Thursday in October, and ends on the first Wednesday 

in May. 

CONGREGATIONAL THEOLOGICAL INSTITUTE, Toronto. 

Tutors-Rev. Adam Lillie. Treasurer Rev. John Roaf. Secretary Robert Beekman, Esq. 

Committee Rev. John Roaf ; Rev. Adam Lillie; Rev. T. Hodgkin; Rev. T. Durrani; 
P. Freeland, Esq.; W. D. Taylor, Esq.; J. F. Marling, Esq.; E. T. Whittemore, Esq.; 
O Snarr, Esq.; Joseph Tolfree, Esq. 

RNGX S COLLEGE, TORONTO, In connection with the 
Presbyterian Church ofi Canada. 

Principal, Professor of Divinity Rev. Ralph Robb, A. M. Professor of 

Systematic Thtology, Professor of Hebrew and biblical Criticism Rev. William 

Kintoul, A. M. J J " f-fcssor of Intellectual and Moral Philoson/nj Rev. H. Esson, A. M. Pro- 
fessorof Classical Literature Rev. Alexander Gale, A. M. 

TORONTO ACADEMY. 

Principal Rev Alexander Gale, A.M. First Master Rev Thomas Wightman; 2nd do 

Mr. Thomas Heiiniiig. French Master M. Deslandes. Drawing Master j. A. Sanders. 
liiislanti I. Jamiesori, and Geo. \\ardrope. 

Terms. 1st September to 17th November 18th November to 10th February llth Feb- 

j; to 1st May : ilwl May to 12th July. 



THEOLOGICAL INSTITUTE OP UNITED PRESBYTERIAN 

CHURCH, LONDON, C. W. 

Superintendent Rev. William Proudfoot. 

Period of Study in Theology for Licentiates, four years. Two Sessions in each year, of live 
months each. 

CANADA BAPTIST COLLEGE, MONTREAL. 

Principal J. M. Cramp, A. M. Professor F. Bosworth, A. M. Treasurer Joseph 
Wenlaam, Esqr. 



CLERGY, 



LERGY OF THE UNITED CHURCH OF ENGLAND AND 

IRELAND. 



DIOCESE OF QUEBEC. 

Lord Bishop of Montreal The Right Rev. George Jeosophat Mountain, D. D. 
Archdeacon and Rector of Quebec The same. 

Bishop s Official and Ecclesiastical Commissary Rev. George Mackie, D.D. 
Private Secretary Rev. A. W. Mountain, A.B. 

( James Abbott, M. A., J. Bethune, D. D., W. T. Leach, M. A., W. A 

Montreal < Adamson, B. A., D. Falloon, D. D., J. Ramsay, M. A., C. Bancroft 

( M. A., J. Fletcher, B. A., D. Robertson, G, F. Simpson, M. A. 

o , $ George Cowell, M. A., R. Lonsdell, R. G. Plees, T. Cornwall, G. Mackie, 

c $ D. D., E. W. Sewell, C. L. F. Heansell, A. Mountain, B. A. 



Abbottsford T.Johnston. 

Aylmer J. Johnston. 

Bedford J. Jones. 

Broome J. Scott, M. A. 

Bury J. Kemp. 

Cape Cove R. Short. 

,-,. ,,. ( J. Braithwaite, B. A. 

Chamb! y- Jj. P. White. 

Clarenceville M. Townsend. 

Clarendon F. S. Neve. 

Christiville W. Thompson. 

Compton C. Reid. 

Coteau du Lac F. Robinson. 

Drummondville G. M. Ross. 

Eaton J. Taylor. 

Farnham r W. Jones. 

Frelighsburg J Reid, M. A. 

Gaspe Basin ........ William Arnold. 

Grandby Village G. Slack. 

Grenville C. Forest. 

Hatley C. Jackson. 

Huntingdon W. Morris. 

Kingsey John Butltr. 

Lachine W. B. Bond. 

La Chute W. McMaster. 

Lacolle C. Morice. 

Laprairie Frederick Broome. 

Leeds A. T. Whitten. 



C L. Doolittle. 
Lennoxville < J. Hellmuth. 

( J. Nicolls. 

Mascouche J. Flanagan. 

Melbourne J. E. F. Simpson. 

New Carlisle G. Milne, M. A. 

New Glasgow C B. Fleming. 

Nicolet H. Burgess, B. A. 

Ormstown William Brethour, B. A. 

Phillipsburg ^r^rVr iL A 

C. C. Cotton, A. B. 

Pointed Cavagnol . . . J. Pyke. 

Pointe Levi J Torrance. 

Portneuf C. J. Morris, M. A. 

Rawdon C. Rollit. 

RiviereduLoup.. 

Sherrington H. Hazard . 

Sorel William Anclersort . 

St. Andrews W. Abbott. 

St. Giles William King. 

St. Johns W. Dawes. 

St. Remi E.G. Sutton. 

Three Rivers S. S. Wood, M. A. 

Upper Ireland R. Anderson, B. A. 

Valcartier E. C. Paikin. 

Waterloo A . Balfour. 



DIOCESE OF TORONTO. 

Lord Bishop of Toronto The Honourable and Right Reverend John Strachan, D.D., L.L.D 
Jlrchdeacon of Kingston Venerable George O Kill Stuart, L.L.D. 
Archdeacon of York Venerable A. N. Bethune, D.D. 

Examining and Domestic Chaplain and Secretary to tte Lord Bishop The Rev. H. J. 
Grasett,M.A. 



Citjr of Toronto. . .. < 



Etobicokc 

Toronto Township. . . 

York Mills 

Streetsville 

Thornhill 

Markham and ^ 

Vaughan ^ 

Newmarket. . 



HOME DISTRICT. 

Rer. H. J. Grasett, M.A., Rector and Officiating Chaplain io the Force*. 
Rer. Henry Scadding, MA., Minister of Church of the Holy Trinity, 

and Chaplain to the Lord Bishop. 

Rev. W. Honywood Ripley, B.A., Minister of Trinity Church. 
Rev. J. Beaven, D.D , Professor of Divinity, King s College. 
Rev. John McCaul, L L.D , Vice President of King s College. 
Rev. J. G. D. McKenzie, Ministefof St. Paul s Church. 
Rev. George Maynard, Mathematical Master, Upper Canada College. 
Rev. Charles Ruttan, Minister of St. George s Church. 
Rev. George Bourn, disitttttU Minister of St. James . 
Rev. W. Stennett, Assistant Minister of the Church of the Holy Trinity, 



Georgina 
Brock 



Whitby 

Scarboro 

Lloydtown . . . 
Chinguacousy 



T. Phillips, D.D., Rector. 
J. Magrath, M.A., Reclor. 
Alex. Sanson, Rector. 
Robert J. McGeorge. 
D. E. Blake,A.B.,.flec/o>-. 
V. P. Mayerhoffer, M.A. 

Rector. 

George Charles Street. 
John Gibson. 
R. Garrett. 
John Pentland, B.A. 
W. Stewart Darling. 
Henry Bath Osier. 
G. S. J. Hill. 



bimcoe. 



SIMCOE DISTRICT. 

Barrie & Shanty Bay.S. B. ArdaghjA-M.^Rec r 
Tecumseth and W. ? ^ T ^ , AT . 
Gwillimbury.... j F. L. Osier, M.A. 

Orillia John Mclntyre. 

Penetanguishene George Hallen, B.A. 

Missionary in the ) T , TM u 
r v- .. / > John t letcher. 

District S 



LONDON DISTRICT. 

C B. Cronyn, M.A., Rector, 
London < Officiating Chaplain to 

( the Forces. 
London Township . . .C. C. Brous;h,A.B. Rector. 

St. Thomas M. Burnham, B.A. Rector. 

Adelaide A. Mortimer, Rector. 

Carradoc R. Flood, M. A., Rector. 

Port Burwell T. Boldon Read. 

Tyrconnell, &c J ames Stewart. 

BROCK DISTRICT. 

Burford A. St. G. Caulfield, A.B. 

Woodstock W. Bettridge, B.D., Rec r. 

Oxford Henry Revell, A.B. 

Zorra F. Fauquier. 



GORE DISTRICT. 



Hamilton 

Saltfleetand Binbrook, 

Ancasterand Dundas. 

Brantford 

Wellington Square. . . 

Gait , 

Paris 

Oakville .-... 

Nassagaweya 

Missionaries to the 
Six Nation Indians 
on the Grand River 



J. G. Geddes, Rector. 
J. L. Alexander. 
Wm. McMurray, Rector 
J. Campbell Usher. 
T. Greene, A.B., Rector. 
Michael Boomer, A.B. 
William Morse. 
Alex. Pyne, A.B. 
.George Graham. 

Abraham Nelles and 
Adam Elliot. 



WELLINGTON DISTRICT. 

Guelph A. Palmer, A.B., Rector 

Travelling Mission y. Donald Fraser. 

NIAGARA DISTRICT. 

( T. Creen, Reclor, Offic\ 
niagara ^ Chaplain to the Forces. 

Grimsby G. R. F. Grout, Rector. 

Chippewa Stamford ) 

Queenston and > W. Leeming, Rector. 

Drummondville, ) 

Thorold T. B. Fuller, Rector. 

Fort Erie John Anderson, Rector. 

( A. F. Atkinson, Rector. 
St. Catharines ... j R Shanklin. 

Louth G. M. Armstrong, Rector 

Port Maitland and ) 

Dunnville $ 

Settlements on the 

Grand Rirer .... 



Townley. 
B. Cndmore Hill, M.A. 



Missionary C. Leycester. 



TALBOT DISTRICT. 

( Francis Evans, Rector. 
> George Salmon. 



HURON DISTRICT. 

Goderich R. F. Campbell, M.A. 

Stratford John Hickie. 

McGillivray H. C. Cooper. 

WESTERN DISTRICT. 

Sandwich Wm. Ritchie, Rector. 

Amherstburg Fred. Mack, Rector. 

Colchester F. Gore Elliott. 

Chatham W. H. Hobson, Rector. 

Warwick James Mockridge, Rector 

Walpole Island Andrew Jamieson. 

Dawn, &c John Gunne. 

Raleigh, &c Francis Wm. Sandys. 

Plympton J. G. R. Salter, B.A. 

NEWCASTLE DISTRICT. 

( A. N. Bethune, D.D., 
Cobourg < Rector. 

( ]. B. B. Worrell. 

Port Hope Jonathan Shortt, Rector. 

> Cavan Samuel Armour, Rectoi . 

C larke& Darlington. .T. S. Kennedy, Rector. 
Grafton & Colborne. .John \N ilson. 

COLBORNE DISTRICT. 

_ t , ) R. J. C. Taylor, M.A. 

Peterboro . J Redor 

Emily Robert Harding. 

Fenelon Falls. 

VICTORIA DISTRICT. 

Belleville Rev. John Grier, M.A. 

PRINCE EDWARD DISTRICT. 

pjcton Wm. Macaulay, Rector. 

Murray . . P. G. Bartlett. 



MIDLAND DISTRICT. 

Yen. G. O Kill Stuart, 

L.L.D., Rector. 
W. M. Hercbrr.er, M.A.. 

Assist ant Minister. 
R. V. Rogers, Minister o, 

Kingston St James Cburck, and 

Chap, to the Pro. Pen. 
T. H. M. Bartlett, M.A.. 
OJfSg Chap, to Forces. 
W. Greig, Mm. St. Mark s 
Church, Bar/iejield. 

Wolfe Island ". J. Antisell Allen. 

Bath W. F. S. Harper, Rector. 

Adolphustown Job Deacon, Rector. 

Mohawk & Napanee. Saltern Givins, Rector. 

Amherst Island John Rothwell, A.B. 

Camden, Lough- < , c , . , 

boro ;& Portland, l PaulShirIe3r - 

JOHNSTOWN DISTRICT. 

Brockville Edward Denroche, M.A. 



Prescott Robert Blakey, Rector. 

Kemptville ,. Harvey McAlpin, Rector. 

BATKURST DISTRICT. 

Perth M. Harris, M. A., Rector. 

Carleton Place J. A. iVl^lock, Rector. 

Fra-nktowa J. W. Padfield, Rector. 

Packenham & Fitzroy, Hannibal Mulkins. 
Merrickville Ebenezer AJ orris. 

D ILH00SIE DISTRICT. 

Bytown -. . . .S. S. Strong, Rector. 

Richmond John Flood, Rector. 

March Matthew Ker. 

EASTERN DJSTRfCT. 

Cornwall .... Henry Patton, Rector. 

Willii .msburg E. J. Boswell, Rector. 

Osuabruck Romaine Rolph. 

OTTAWA DISTRICT. 

Missionary F. Tremayne. 



Lamb s Pond W. H. Gunning, A.B. Bec ^ManitouUn Island F. A. O Meara, L.L.D. 



CLERGY OF THE PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH OF CANADA. 

IN CONNECTION WITH THE CHJJftCH OF SCOTLAND. 



Rev WALTER ROACH, Seauharnois, Moderator of Synod. 
Rev. ANDREW BELL, Dundas, Synod Clerk. 

PRESBYTERY OF MONTREAL. 

Meets at Montreal on 1he first Wednesday of February, May, ~$ugusl, and November. 



Montreal, St. Andrew s Alex. Mathieson,D D. 

Dundee Duncan Moody. 

Chatham William Mair. 

Beauharr.ois Walter Roach. 

Ormeston James Anderson. 

Quebec, St Andrew s John Cook, D. D. 

Georgetown James C. Muir. 

Lachine William Simpson. 

Vacant Cha>ges^ Melbourne, Metis, a nd St. 



Hemmingsford John Marlin. 

Valcartier David Shanks. 

Montreal, French Church Emile Lapelletrie. 

Laprairie John Davidson. 

Three Rivers James Thorn. 

Huntingdon Alexander Wallace, A. B. 

MontreaJ, St. Paul s Robert McGill. 

Eustache. 



PRESBYTERY OF GLENGARRY. 

Meets on the third Wednesday of January , April, July and October* 

Williamsburgh John Dickey. 



WilJiamstown John McKenzie, A. M. 
Cornwall Hugh Urquhart, A. M. 
Martintown John Maclaurin. 
Osnabruck Isaac Purkis. 

Vacant Charges. Csteau du Lac, Fincti, Indian Land?, and Lochiel. 

PRESBYTERY OF HAMILTON, 
Meets at Hamilton on the second Wednesday in January, April, July, and October. 



Lancaster T. McPherson, A.M., Pra y Cierk. 

L Orignal Colin Grigor. 

Dalhousie Mills & St. George ^neas McLean. 



Nelson William King 

Clinton George McClatchey 

Dundas and Ancaster A. Belt, Presb y Clerk 



Niagara John Cruickshank, A M 
Mount Pleasant John Bryning 
Hamilton Alexander McKid 



Vacant Charges. Gait, Fergus, Guelph, Stratford and N. Easthope, Goderich, Sarnia, Am- 
berstburgh, Alboro , Simco and Po-rt Dover, Onondaga, 

PRESBYTERY OF BATHURST. 

Meets at Perth, en the second Wednesday of January, May^ and September. 
Beckwith John Smith ,Lanark Thomas Fraser 

Smith s Falls George Romanes, A. M. JBurkingham and Cumberland 6. Bell, A. B. 



Perth, 1st Church William Bell, A. M. 
South Gower Joseph Anderson, A. M. 
Pakenham Alexander Mann, A. M 
Richmond David Evans 

Vacant Charges, Bytown, Brockrille, Newburgh and Bedford. 



Perth, St. Andrew s William Bain, A. M. 
Ramsay John McMorine 
Dalhousie John Robb 



88 



Kingston, St Andrew s- 
Seymour Robert Neill 
Belleville James George 



PRESBYTERY OF KINGSTON. 

Meets at Kingston, on the first Wednesday of every Month. 



-John Machar, I). D. 



Queen s College, Kingston Jas. Williamson, 
A. M., Presbytery Clerk 



PRESBYTERY OF TORONTO. 



Meats at Toronto, on the third Tuesday of February, May, August, and November. 



Ecquesing Peter Ferguson 
Vaughan Peter McNaughton, A. M. 
Chinguacousy Thomas Johnson 
King John Tawse, A. M. 
Mono Alexander Lewis 
Kldon John McMurchy 



Toronto City, St. Andrew s J.Barclay, A.M., 

Presbytery Clerk 

W. Gwillimbury ami Innisfil Alexander Ross 
Clarke and Hope Samuel Porter 
Scott, Uxbridge, and Reach William Brown 
Hornby and Trafalgar William Barr 



Vacant Charges. Pickering and Whitby, Scarboro , Toronto Township, Caledon, New 
market, Markham, Thorah, Darlington, Nottawasaga and Sunnidale, Brock, Mara. 



f ff^ERGY OF THE PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH OF CANADA. 

Rev. JOHN M. ROGER, A. M., Peterboro* , Moderator of Synod. 
Rev. WILLIAM RINTOUL, A. M., Streetsville, Synod Clerk. 

PRESBYTERY OF HAMILTON. 



Caledonia Andrew Ferrier, D. D. 
Saltrleet George Cheyne 
Dundas M ark T, Stark, Presbytery Clerk 
fJalt John Bayne 
Fergus George Smellie 
Puslinch William Meldrutn 
Ti -kersmith William Graham 
Wellington Square Alexander McLean 
Grimsby D Eastman, 

Vacant Charges. Niagara, Aldboro , Williams, 
Flamboro VV., Woolwich, Dunnville. Walpole. 

Officiating wthin the Bonnes James Smith. 

PRESBYTERY OF TORONTO. 



Guelph McGregor, 

Hamilton Ralph Robb 
Ayr Robert Lindsay 
Zorra D. McKenzie 
Thorold A. Mclntosh 
North Easthope D. Allan 
Amherst burgh Robert Peden 
St. Thomas John McKinnon 



Port Sarnia William McAlister 

London, Woodstock, Ingersoll, Tilbury, 



Streetsville William Rintoul 
Norval and Esquesirig Peter Gray, Presbytery 
Clerk 



Toronto Robert Burns, D. D. 
Caledon D. McMillan 
Markham James Boyd 

Vacant Charges. York Mills, Vaughan and King, West Gwillimbury, Thorah and Eldon, 
Oraand Medonte, Nottawasaga, Mono, Acton, &c., Chingacousy, Humber and Weston, Oak- 
vitle and Trafalgar. 

Officiating within the Bounds James Harris, Henry Esson, Alexander Gale, Thos. Wightman. 

PRESBYTERY OF COBOURG. 

Peterborough John M. Roger 
Darlington Alexander Steele 
Cobourg 

OF KINGSTON. 
Demorestville James Rogers 



South Cavau James Douglass 
Grafton W. Reid, Presbytery Clerk 
Otonabee Robert Wallace 

PRESBYTERY 



Gananoque Henry Gordon 

Picton W. Hamilton, Presbytery Clerk 

iSelleviile Greig 



Kingston Robert Reid, Robert_F. Burus, 



Vacant Charges. Newburgh, Fredericksburgh. 

PRESBYTERY OF PERTH. 

Dalhousie James Finlay 

Bytown Thomas Wardrope, Presbytery Clerk 

Gatineau John Corbett 



ilamsay W. G. Johnston 
Oegoode, &c William Lochead 
Bristol Andrew Melville 
Beckwith Blair 



Vacant Changes, Perth, McNab, Middleton. 

PRESBYTERY OF BROCKVILLE. 



Brockville William Smart 
Edwardsburg James Geggie, Prcsb y Clerk 
Prescott Robert Boyd 



South Gower W. J. McDowell 
Bellamyville Alexander Luke 



PRESBYTERY OF MONTREAL. 



Quebec John Clugstou 
St. Therese David .Black 
Portneuf Si.non C. Frazer 



Indian Lands Daniel Clarke 

La Chute Thomas Henry 

Montreal Wm. Leishman, Presbytery Clerk 



Cornwall John Frazer 

Vacant Charges. St. Eustache, English River, Beechridge, 



CLERGY OF THE UNITED PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH 

IN CANADA. 



Rev, JAMBS ROY, St George, Moderator. 

Ret. WILLIAM PROUDFOOT, London, Synod Clerk. 



MONTREAL PRESBYTERY. 



Montreal William Taylor 
La Chute Andrew Kennedy 



Smith s Falls William Aitken 
Madrid John Morrison 



New Glasgow Alex r Lowden, Pre&tfy Clerk 

Vacant Charges. Huntingdon and St. Michaels, Pakenham. 

TORONTO PRESBYTERY. 
Port Hope, Perrytown John Cassie Toronto City John Jennings, Presb y Clerk 



Whitby Robert Thornton 

West Gwillimbury, Tecumseth, Essa William 

Fraser 
Clarke, 4th con. Newcastle Geo. Lawrence 

Vacant Charges. Lindsay, Newton, King. Vaughan, Innisfil, Toronto (Township) and 
Brampton. 

HAMILTON PRESBYTERY. 



Emily. Ops, Manvers James Dick 
Chinguacousy, Albion David Coutts 
Richmond Hill, Thornhill Walter Scott 
Pickering A. W. Waddell 



West Flamborough Thomas Christie 
St. George James Roy, Presbytery Clerk 
West Dumfries Alexander Ritchie 
Eramosa, Nichol, Elora William Barrie 



Guelph Robert Torrance 

Vacant Charges. St. Catharines, Thorold, Fort Dalhousie, Beverly. 

LONDON PRESBYTERY. 



Brantford Alexander Drummond 

Esquesing George Fisher 

Paris David Caw 

Hamilton, Blanford Jarnos R. Dalrymple. 



London, Westminster W. Proudfoot, Presby 
tery Clerk 
Proof Line, English Settlement James Skinnei 



Tuckersmith, Stanley Alexander McKenzie 
Detroit John McLellan 
Gcderich Charles Fletcher 



Blenheim George Murray 

Vacant Cha-ges. Chatham, East Tilbury, St. Mary s, Adelaide and Warwick, Woodstock- 
MISSIONARIES L T NSETTLED. A. Henderson, James Pringle, John Porteous, John Proudfoot. 



CLERGY OF THE ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH. 

DIOCESE OF TORONTO. 

Bishop of Toronto, , 

Vicar General and Dean, 

Archdeacon of Toronto The Rev. John James Hay. 
Secretary of the Diocese The same. 

RURAL DEANS AND VICARS FORAN. 

Home and Simcoc Districts The Yen, the Archdeacon, ex-ojficio. 
Gore, Niagara, and Talbot Districts Edward Gordon. 
Western District, and for those speaking French P. Point. 

London and Brock Districts 

Wellington and Huron Districts, and for the Germans L. Caveing. 

Missions on the borders of Lake Superior and Huron, and for the Indians P. Choce. 

Toronto City 3. J. Hay, and T. T- Kuwan. 






4E3ore and Township of Toronto, ) v n-n . 
Etobicoke, Caledon, Albion \ Eug " Rei11 ? 



J. B. Proulx 



Tbornhill, Markham, Vaughati, 

Newmarket, and Georgina. , 
Whithy, Pickering, Brock, &c E. Smith, 
Adjala, Tecumseth, Mono, &c. M. R. Mills 
Penetanguishene,Barrie,Medonte, ) . , 

Orillia, Sunnidale, \ A Charest 

Hamilton, Wellington Sq uare, ) T-, , , 

Waterdown, &c. ] E> Gor(lon R - D - 

Guelph, Arthur, Nichol Simon Sandal, 
Brantford, Dumfries, Norwich, > T 

Oxford, E. W. and North J Jas " Qmnlan 
Waterloo, Peel, &c L. Caveing, R. D. 
Wilmot, Wellesly, &c. Bernard Fritch 
Niagara, Stamford. &c John Carroll 
St. Catherines, Thoioid, &c W. P. McDonagh 



jlndiana, Walpote & Townships ), , T T . 

to the North of the G. River, J W Mclntorf 
London, Adelaide, Bia duJph, &c P. O Dwyer 

S Thomas, Yarmouth, &c 

Goderich, McKillop, Stratford Peter Schnider 
Sandwich and surrounding ) P. Point, R. D. 

Townships $ Joseph Grimot 

Amherstburgh, &c. Lewis Maurice 
jChatham, Maidstone, Rochester &c J. Jaffray 
Tilbury, East and West > T , ,, T,.,, 

Raleigh &c. \ Jose P h M Blllon 

Walpole Islands, Sarnia, ) Dominic Dnrangue 

Moore, &c \ Nicholas Point 

Manitouline Islands, and ) P. Chone, R. D. 

borders of L. Huron $ Augustus Kohler 
St. Mary of St. Mary s Falls, and ) J. B. Menet 

borders Lake Superior $ J. Hanipaux 



DIOCESE OF KINGSTON. 

Bishop of Kingston Right Rev. Remegius Gau!in,D. D. 

Coadjutor and jlilminist -ator of the Diocese Rt. Rev. Patrick Phelan, D. D., Bishop of Carrha. 

Vicar General Very Rev. Angus McDonell, V. G. 



f Patrick Dollard 

I James Chisholm, D. D. 
, ] John O Neill 

J Bernard Higins 

(_ Foley 

C P. .A Tel mon 
Bytown, < Beaudran 

( P. Molloy 

Peterborough John Butler 
Lyndsay Patrick McEvoy 
Belleville Michael Brennan 
Tyendenaga Charles Burke 
Picton Murth Lawlor 
Camden Michael McDonnell 
Brockville Oliver Kelly 



Prescott Edmund Roach . 

Fitzroy J. McNulty 

St. Andrew s, Stormont George A. Hay 

Glengary A. McDonald, V. G. 

Alexandria Denis Begley 

Mariatown Bernard Coyle 

Cornwall John Cannon 

Killey Philipp O Reilly 

Perth John H. McDonagh 

Richmond Patrick O Connell 

Kemptville Daniel Farrelly 

L Original John Farrell 

Asphodel and Percy Edward Vaughan 

Dnuro Hugh Fitzpatrick 

Cobourg James Timlin 



CLERGY OF THE WESLEYAN METHODIST CHURCH 

IN CANADA. 



R. AI.DER, D. D President of the Conference. 

MATTHEW RICHEY, D. D. . . .Co-Delegate. 

J. MUSGROVE Secretary of the Conference. 

ENOCH WOOD Superintendent of Missions. 



LONDON DISTRICT, 



London Edmund Botterell, John Goodfellow. 
London Circuit Wm. Pollard, F. Chapman, 

Edmund Stoney. 
Brantford Edwy M Ryerson, John Gundy, 

Alex. T. Green, George Poole. 
Woodstock Thos. Fawcett, J W. Cawthorne. 
Gosfield and Amherstburgh Richard Phelps, 

Samuel Fear. 

Sirricoe James Booth, James Gray. 
t Thomas Samuel C. Philp, R. Whiting, 

Thomas Harmon. 



Chatham Edward Sallows, John Webster. 

Norwich Solomon Snider. 

Saugeeng John K. Williston. 

Goderich George Kennedy, Thomas Williams. 

Sarnia and St. Clair William Scott, N. G. 

Axtell. 

Adelaide Robert Corson. 
Wardsville Solomon Waldron. 
Muticey Peter Jones, Abraham W. Sickles, 
Sydenham John Williams. 
Malahide Joseph Shepley. 

WILLIAM RYERSON, 



II 



HAMILTON DISTRICT. 



Hamilton John Douse, Thotnas Rattray, D. C. 

VanNorman, A. M., A. Prindel, Samuel 

Belton. 

Dundas Samuel Rose, Kennedy Creighton. 
Dumfries Matthew Whiting, Thomas Jeffers. 
Nelson William Wittloughby, James Spencer. 

George Ferguson. 
Grimsby S. Hurlburt, Wellington Jeffers. 

TORONTO 



St. Catharines John Law, Lachlin Taylor. 
Stamford Reuben E. Tujiper, E. B. Harper. 
Georgetown Will jam Philp. 
Guelph John Bredin, John Hunt. 
Grand River Rowley Heyland, Ozias Barber. 
York Thomas Demorest, Thomas Cosford. 
Chippawa Luther O. Rice, Stephen Brownell. 
Stratford and Peel W. Dignam, C. Sylvester. 

JOHN RYERSON, Chairman. 
DISTRICT. 



Toronto City West Ephraim Evans, S. D. 

Rice. 
Toronto City East John Carroll, Joseph E. 

Ryerson, Anson Green, Geo. R. Sanderson, 

Egerton Ryerson, D.D. 
Yonge Street Lewis Warner, George Carr. 
Humber John Baxter, W. S. Blackstock ; J. 

Culham. 
Toronto Circuit Peter Ker, William Steer, 

James Wilson, M. Holtby. 
Oshawa William Price, David Clappison. 
Markham Robert Darlington, William Glass, 

David Youmans, David Wright. 



Newmarket and Snake Island William Young. 

Bradford Ezra Adams, Alexander Campbell. 

Mono Cornelius Flumerfelt. 

Nottawaaaga and Collingwood 

Schoogog Matthew Connor. 

Barrie William Graham, Joseph Hill. 

Rama Hornce Dean. 

St. Vincent 

Brock C. W. M. Gilbert. 

Owen s Sound and Arthurs James Hutchinson, 

John Neelands. 
Beausoliel Island and French Hirer William 

Herkimer. 



HENRY WILKINSON, Chainna*. 



COBOURG DISTRICT. 



Cobourg Jonathan Scott, Alex. McNab, A.M., 
Hamilton Biggar, John Beatty, Jesse 
Hurlburt, A.M., T. Hannah, H. Trickey, 
Robert Robinson, Nelson Brown. 

Colborne Wm. Morton, Abraham Dayman. , 

Napanee George Goodson, J. A. VV illiams. 

Peterborough William McCullough, James C. 
Slater, Moses Blackstock. 

Hallowell Asahel Hurlburt, Thos. Cleghorn, 
Gilbert Miller. 

Consecon Wm. McFadden, Charles Turyer, 
Daniel McMullen. 

Belleville John Gemley. 



Sidney John Black, John C. Osborne. 

Port Hope Charles La veil, S. S. Nelles, A. B. 

Demorestville N. F. English. 

Norwood George F. Playter. 

Bowmanville and Manvers W. Haw, Wm. 

Colernan. 

Marmora Stephen Miles. 
Sheffield John Sanderson. 
Lindsay David Havdie. 
Rice and Mud Lakes Robert Brooking, John 

Sunday. 

Alderville William Case, William Ames, 
Shanuonville Daniel Wright. 



RICHARD JONES, Chairman. 
KINGSTON DISTRICT. 



Kingston East Henry Lanton. 
Kingston West Isaac B. Howard, H. Byers. 
Waterloo Cyrus R. Allison. 
Wilton George Beynon, James Armstrong. 
Bath Michael Fawcett. 
Amherst Isle Robert Lochhead. 
Gananoque David Jennings. 
Elizabethtown Michael Baxter, Williaai H. 
Poole, Wyatt Chamberlain. 



Brockville Conrad Vandusen. 

Prescott Joseph Messmore. 

Augusta Joseph W. McCollum, Ezra Healy. 

Smith s Falls William H. Williams, William 

Brown. 

Merrickville Vincent B. Howard. 
Newboro Alvah Adams. 
Matilda John Lever, William McGill. 
Cornwall S. Huntingdon, Jonathan Loveriiu 



THOMAS BEVITT, Chairman. 



BYTOWM DISTRICT. 



Bytown Edmund Shepherd, Wm. Andrews. 
Perth Francis Coleman. 
Kemptville James Elliott. 
Hull Isaac B. Aylsworth. 
Mississippi James Hughes, William Pattyson. 
Richmond Benjamin Nankevill, F. Chapman. 
St. Andrews D. B. Madden, D. McDowell. 
L Orignal and Coteau Landing Jos. Reynolds, 
George Case, Franklin Metcalf. 



Clarendon James Greener. 
Onslow Erastus Hurlburt. 
Sherbrookf William Cotton. 
Buckingham John Armstrong. 
Osgoode Charles Taggart. 
Gattineau George Young. 
Bonchere John Howes. 
Pembroke Henry Shaler. 



JAMES MUSGROVZ, 



92 



CLERGY OF THE CANADIAN WESLEYAN METHODIST 
NEW CONNEXION CHURCH. 



Pretident and General Superintendent REV. 

H. O. CROFTS, Toronto. 
Ancaster J. Caswell. 
Barnston P. V. West. 
Bolton and Potton L. P. Adams, R. Bowen. 
Caledon W. Ramage. 
Cavan J. Simpson. 
Cayuga A. Armstrong. 
Crosby J. C. Warren, T. fleed. 
Drummond J. Histon. 
Dunham B. Haigh, G. W. Stone. 
Elizabethtown T. Preston. 
Goulburne J. Shilton. 
Hamilton J, Brennan. 
Herirysburgh F. Hunt. 
Lansdown T. Rump. 
London W. Bothwell. 



Malahide F. Weaver and E. Williams, J. 

Jackson. 

Nassagawaya H. Wilkinson. 
Newcastle N. C. Gowan. 
Owen Sound H. C&ats. 
Prince Edwards J. Hales nd F. Btynes. 
Howard 

Stukely F. E. Powers. 
Stanstead H. Bursell. 
St. Thomas J. Bell and L. Olmstead. 
Toionto T. T. Howard. 
Trafalgar J. Glass. 
Waterford J. Wilkinson. 
Welland Canal E. VannormtR afcd C. Childs. 
Whitchurch T. Goldsmith. 
Western Mission J. Rice. 



CLERGY OF CONGREGATIONAL DENOMINATION. 



Asphodel T. Seawright, 
Belleville J. Harris, 
Brahtford T. Baker, 

Boltoirs Mills Wheeler 

Brock N. McKinnon, 
Brockville T. Machin, 
Bytown J. T. Byrne, 
Caledon S. King, 
Darlington J. Clemie, 
Drummondville E. Ebbs, 
Esquesing H. Denny 



Glanford S. Finton, 
Glengary J. McKilliken, 
Georgetown D. Powel, 

Guelph Brane, 

Hamilton Robinson, 

Kingston K. M. Fenwick, 
London J. Durrant, 

L Orignal McLeod, 

Oakland William Kay, 

Oro A. Raymond, 

Port Sarnia & Moore A.Geikie 



Paris and Burford J. Vincent, 
St. Andrew s T. Bayne, 
Sirncoe William Clarke, 
South wold J. Silcox, 
Stouffville L. Cribs, 
Stratford A. C. Geikie, 
Port Stanley Wm. Alworth, 
Toronto J. Roaf, and A. Lillie, 
Vanghan T.Hodgkin, 
Whitby T. Snell 
G. G. Wickson. 



CLERGY OF THE BAPTIST DENOMINATION. 



Brantford 



Ancaster W. L. Bayley 
Aylmer S. Baker 
Ayr Heman Fitch 
Barford T. Ide 
Barnston J. Green 
Beamsville Geo Silver 
Beverly, c. w. W. Porterfield 
Beverly, (Johns- ( John Miner 
town Dist ) \ P Schofield 

Tsio !,_ $ Francis Pickle 
Blenheim j w c Beor(]sall 

J. Winterbotham 
^ J. H Carryer 
Breadalbane Wm Frazer 
Brighton J Holman 
Brock Hugh Reid 

C R. Boyd 
Brockville < Wm. Dick 

( Robert Dick 
Bronte J. Oakley 
Burford Joseph Painter 
Caledon J. Campbell 
Canborough William Cook 
Carlton Place L . Holcroft 
Chatham J. King 
Clarence John Edwards 
Cabourg S. Tapscott 

r E. Highworden 



Georgeville 
Gosfield 



A. Booker 



Crosby, South S. McEathron 
Drummondville A. Cleghorn- 
Dundas J. Glutton 
Eaton A. Gillies 
Esquesing John Clark 
E. Mitchell 

W. Gonne 

N. French 
Gosfield G. Jacobs 
Gower, South P. McDonald 

Haldimand 



u- ... 
Hamilton 



Houghton W. McDeimand 
Ingersoll Isaac Elliot 
Kemptville J. Cooper 
Kingston A. Lorimer, A. B. 

, ( Jas. Dick 
Lanark I Ja. Smith 
Leeds A. Stevens 
Lobo Wm. Wilkinson 

C N. Eastwood 
London j Jgmes Ing]ig 

Louth S. H. Goss 
McGilvray D. A. Turace 
Malahide Geo. Wilson 
Markham P, L. DaTidsoa 



Middleton D. W. Rowland 

(J. M. Cramp 
F. Bosworth, A.M- 
B.Davies,Ph.D. 
John Gird wood 
Nissouri S. Vining 
Oakland D. H. Babcroft 
Osgood D. McPhail 
Osnabruck J. Smith 
Otterville M W. Hopkins 
Paris N. Bosworth, F. R. S. 
Peterboro J. Gilmour 
Port Dover A. McLean 
Port Hope J. Baird 
Polton, South T. Merriman 
Preston James Sim 
Quebec D. Marsh 
Queenston D. Curry 
Raleigh Wm. Gorrie 
Rainham J. Van Loon, junr. 
Rawdon J. Butler 
Reach W. Hurlburt 
Sandwich Geo. Jacobs 
Scotland W. Drummond 
Short Hills D. Way 
Sidney Wm. Geary 
Simeon T. Bailey 
Southwold T. Mills 



f*. i-> ^ ? W, Hewson 
St. Catharines j JAnderson 

John Miner 
Wm. Smith 
t John Bray 
_> R. Andrews 
Stonebridge F. N. Jersey 
Thurlow J, Bridges 



St. George 
St. Thomas 



*** Iw.thSL 

Townsend S. McConnell 
Walpole T. Stillwell 

( J. Howey 
Waterford 1 A.. Slaght 

( G. J. Ryerse 
Whitby J. Marsh 



Whilby J. Crellin 
Windham P. SteinhofT 

MT i ^ W. H. Landon 

Woodstock J E Topping 

Yarmouth C. Stewart 
York Mills J. Mitchell 
Zone Mills C . McDermand 
Zorra J. S. Manning 



BANKS. 



BANK OF MONTREAL. 

Capital, 750,000. 

President The Hon. Peter McGill. Vice- President Thomas B. Anderson. Directors 
Hugh Allan, John Brooke, William Lunn, James Logan, John Molson, William Molson, John 
Redpath, Thomas Ryan, Harrison Stephens, John Try, John Toirance. 

LIST OF OFFICERS. Montreal Alexander Simpson, Cashier; William Gunn, Assistant 
Cashier; J. F. Smith, Accountant; John Porteous, Second Accountant; Robert Speirs, Third 
Accountant; Francis M. Holmes, First Teller; C. J. Brown, Second Teller; David Scott, 
Third Teller; W. P. Street, Discount Clerk; T. Lee, Fiist Clerk; John Lloyd, Clerk; 
Burrage, Clerk ; H. B. Picken, Messenger ; James Brennan, Porter. 

Quebec Branch. James Bolton, Cashier ; Henry Legge, Accountant; J Micklejohn, First 

Teller; , Second Teller; Philip Lisner, Discount Clerk ; W. Martin, Messenger. 

Toronto Branch. William Wilson, Cashier ; James Keiller, Accountant; John G Home, 
Teller; W. G. Telfer, Discount Clerk; William Liddell, Clerk ; George II. Wilson, Clerk. 

Broclcville Agency James Stevenson, jun r, Agent; R. H. Street, Clerk. Kingston Ditto 
Colin Miller, Agent; John G. Adams, Accountant; G. M. Yarwood, Teller; James Gray, 
Clerk; Coxworthy, Clerk. Cobourg Ditto C. H. Morgan, Agent; Charles Miller, Ac 
countant; A.C.Hammond, Clerk. Hamilton Ditto Hugh C. Baker, Agent; Arch. Greer, 
Accountant; Arthur Macdonald, Teller. St. Catharines Ditto H. Mittleberger, Agent; H. 
J. Hensleigh, Clerk. London Ditto John Fraser, Agent; W. W. Street, Accountant; J. 
Scott, Clerk Bytoirn Ditto Andrew Drummond, Agent ; M. Stevenson, Clerk. Port Slushy 
Ditto Richard Smith, Agent. St.. Tho-nns fHtti E. Ermatinger, Agent. JjeUcviile Quinten 
Macnider, Int m Agent ; R. Richardson, Clerk. Cornwall Diuo William Mattice, Agent. 
Peuiboro* Ditto R. Nicholls, Agent. Pott Hope Ditto R. N. Waddell, Agent. 

Agsnts in Great Britain. London Messrs Glyn, Hallifax, Mills & Co. Liverpool Bank of 
Liverpool. Edinburgh British Linen Company and Brandies. 

Agents in Jfovt Scotia a>i-tl JV io Brunswick Halifax Bank of Nora Sotia. St. Jo/in 
Commercial Bank, New Brunswick. 

Agents in Ike United Slates. .Veto- Fork D. S. Kennedy, Esq. Boston Samuel Henshaw 
& Son. 



BANK OF UPPER CANADA, TORONTO. 

Capital, 500,000. Incorporated 1821. 

BOARD OF DIRECTORS. President Wm. Prondfoot. Vice-President Hon. Christopher 
Widmer. Angus Bethune, Hon. William Cayley, M. P. P., T. C. Street, Francis M. Cayley, 
Jas. G. Chewett, Wm. Gamble, Samuel P. Jarvis, Thomas Helliwell, Francis Boyd, Joseph D. 
Ridout, Colonel R.R. Loving, F. Holdsworth. Cashier Thomas G. Ridout. Discount Day 
Wednesday. 

OFFICES AND AGENCIES. Montreal, Joseph Wenham ; Bytown, Thomas J. Leggatt ; 
Kingston, William G. Hinds ; Port Hope, Elias P. Smith ; Niagara, Thomas McCormick ; 
London, James Hamilton ; Chatham, Geo. Thomas; Goderich, John McDonald ; Barrie, John 
Moberly ; Chippawa, James Macklem ; Siratford, John C. W. Daly. FOREIGN AGENTS. 
New York, Messrs, James G. King and Sons ; London, Messrs. Glyn, Hallifax, Mills & Co.; 
Messrs. Coutts Co. ; Messrs. Barclay, Beven, Tritton & Co. ; Messrs. Herries, Farquhar & 
Co. Scotland British Linen Company Bank at Edinburgh, and all its branches. 

COMMERCIAL BANK OF THE MIDLAND DISTRICT, KINGSTON. 

Capital, 500,000. Incorporated, 1832. 

President Hon. John Hamilton. Vice-President Hon. J. Macaulay. Directors. John 
Fraser, Joseph Bruce, William Logic, Hon. John A. Macdonald, M. r. f, ; John 



ft* 

.James Niekalls, Douglass Prentiss. Cashier Francis A. Harper. -Accountant W. F. Hnrpefc 
Teller-^ Christopher Ede. Book-keeper J. G. Harper. Discount Clerk Joseph Rorke. 
J{ssistant-d<i. J. R. Monro. Clerk R. Deacon, jr. Junior do. A. McPherson. Solicitors 
Macdonald & Campbell. Discount Days Mondays and Thursdays. 

BRANCHES AND AGENCIES. Toronto. Cashier John Cameron. Accountant Archibald 
Cameron. Teller Andrew Drummond. Discount Clerk Wm. Pyper. Assistant Book-keeper 
James George. Messenger Robert D. O Brien. Solicitors Cameron, Brock and Bobinson. 
Discounts daily. Montreal Charles S. Ross, Cashier; Chas. J. Campbell, Teller; John Noel, 
Accountant; \V. Ross, Solicitor. Discounts daily. Hamilton Henry McKmstry, Cashier j 
T. C. Simons, Teller; A. Roxburgh, Messenger; Sir A. N. McNab & Harvey, Solicitors. 
Discounts daily. Cobourg Redford C. Robins, Agent; Ruthven, Clerk ; Solicitor, Don 
ald Bethune, jr. Discounts daily. Brockvillc Hon. James Morris, Agent ; George Sherwood, 
Solicitor. Discounts daily. By town J. S. Thomas, Agent; Augustus Keeiev, Solicitor. 
Discounts daily. Belleville R. Finlay. Agent. Gait Adam Ainslie, Agent. Holland Land 
ing Arthur \icMaster, Agent. London Charles Monsarr at, Agent. Oshawa James Laipg, 
Agent. Picton David Smith, Agent. St. Catharines- George Rykert, Agent. England 
London Joint Stock Bank, London. Scotland Commercial Bank of Scotland, Edinburgh, and 
all its branches and agencies in Scotland ; Clydesdale Bank, Glasgow, and offices. Ireland 
Boyle, Low, Pim & Co., Dublin. New York David S. Kennedy. At all of the above, deposits 
can be made by parties emigrating to Canada, or those who have friends resident in Canada, for 
which letters of credit will be issued, and which will be paid with the highest rate of Exchange, 
at the Commercial Bank, Kingston, or any of its branches, offices, or agencies, on presentation, 

BANK OF BRITISH NORTH AMERICA. 

Capital, 1,000,000 Stg. Incorporated 1840. 

DIRECTORS Henry Barnewall, Sir Robert Campbell, Bt., Robert Carter, Wm. Chapman> 
Wm R. Chapman, James John Cummins, James Dowie, Oliver Farrar, Alex. Gillespie, junr., 
Sir A. P. Green, R. N., G. R. Robinson, George Pemberton, Secretary George De Bosco- 
Attwood. Inspector of Branches. Thomas Patoa. 

BRANCHES. Toronto Lewis Moffutt and Chas. Berczy, Local Directors ; Walter Gibson 
Cassels, Manager. (Discount Days Tuesday s and Friday s, at 10 A.M.) Quebec Robert 
Cassels, Manager. Montreal David Davidson, Manager. Kingston Thos. Askew, Manager. 

Hamilton, , Manager. Port Hope David Smart, Agent. Dundas J. B. Ewart, 

Agent. Sault Ste. Marie J. Balliden, Agent. Halifax, N. S. S. N. Binney, Manager. St. 

John, N. B., , Manager. Frcdcrickton, N. B. Geo. Taylor, Manager. St. John s, 

Newfoundland A. Milroy, Manager. London Court of Directors. New York Bell, 
Maclachlan & Ransom. 

GORE BANK, HAMILTON. 

Incorpni ated by Ad of the Provincial Parliament. 
Capital, 100,000. 

DIRECTORS Colin C. Ferrie, John Davidson, Hon ble Adam Fergussoti, James P. Gage, J. 
P. Dickei man, Edward Jackson, David Thompson, James Gage, Richard Martin, Hiram Smith. 
President, Colin C. Ferrie; Cashier, Andrew Steven; Teller, Richard P. Street ; Book-Keeper, 
Francis Kennedy ; Discount Clerk, William Griffin; Clerk, William Henry Park. Discount 
Days, Tuesday in each week. 

AGENTS Simcoe, Duncan Campbell; Woodstock, H. C. Barwrck; London, Samuel Read ; 
Gait, Absalom Shade ; Guelph, Thomas Sandilands ; Brentford, John A. \\ilkes & Sons; St. 
Thomas, Thomas Hope 3 Chatham, ^itherspoon and Cbarteris. Toronto The Bank of Upper 
Canada, and all its Agents in Canada, where the Gore Bank has no Agents. England, London .- 
Barclay, Bevan, Tritton & Co, Coutts& Co, Curries & Co, Smi:h, Payne &. Smiths. Liverpool : 
The Manchester and Liverpool Bank, and its branches. Scotland, Edinburgh : The Bank of 
Scotland and its branches. Glasgow : The Union Bank of Scotland and its branches. Ireland t 
The branches of the Provincial Bank of Ireland. New-York : John Ward & Co ; Rochester : 
The Rochester Bank. 

CITY BANK, OF MONTREAL. 
Capital, 300,000. 

BOARD OF DIRECTORS. President John Frothingharn. Vice- President D. P. Ross. 
William Lyman, \V T. W hitehead, Joseph Vallce, John Dodds, L. N. Nolton, Benjamin 
Brewster, William Connolly, Benjamin Ansell, Joseph Ross. 

OFFICERS. Cashier, C. H. Castle. Accountant, F. Harris. Paying Teller, F. Brown. 
Receiving Teller, \V. Robertson. Discount Clerk. W. M. Robertson. Assistant Clerk, J. 
Abbott, jun. Ditto, Robert Hunter. Messenger, J. B. Routier. Porter, Thomas Nagle. 
Discount Days, Mondays aiwf Thursdays. Dividends, 1st June and 1st December. 
D Armes, 



95 

LA BANQUE DU PEUPLE. 

Capital 200,000. 

BOARD OF DIRECTORS. L. M. Viger, President. Jacob DeWitt, Vice President. John 
Oonegani, Pierre Beaubien, H. B. Smith, Pierre Jodoin, Alexander Sauvagean, T. Franchire, 
J. Y. Allard, A. E. Montmarquet. OFFICERS. B. H. Lemoi:j, Cashier; G. Peltier, Account 
ant; J. L.Brault,Pa!/mj Teller; L. D. Lemoine, Receiving do; J. S. Morley, Discount Clerk; 
J. M. Boniama, Clerk; E Mailhot, Clerk; L. Lamontagne, Messenger; R. Turner, Porter. 

Days of Discount Tuesdays and Fridays. Dividends 1st March and 1st September. 

Office 29, St. Francois Xavier-street. 

This Bank observes all the holidays appointed by the Roman Catholic Church. 



HOME DISTRICT SAVINGS BANK, TORONTO. 

President WILLIA.M PKOUDFOOT, Esquire. 

Directors. Hon. George Crookshank, Hon. John S. Macaulay, Clarke Gamble, Esq. 
Jlgent James Henderson. Office, No. 4, Duke Street, Toronto. 

MONTREAL CITY AND DISTRICT SAVINGS BANK. 

Patron His LORDSHIP THE ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOP OF MONTREAL. 

William Workman, President, Alf. La Rocque, Vice President, John Collins, Actuary, 

Charlebois, Clerk. 

Directors. John E, Mills, Jacob DP Witt, Joseph Bonrret, P. Beaubien, L. T. Drummond,. 
H. Judah, Francis Hincks, H, Mulholland, L. H. Holton, John Tully, Damase Masson, Joseph 
Grenier, Nelson Davis. 

Office St. Fraugois Xavier Street, open from 10 to 3, daily. N.B. Interest on all deposits,. 
5 per cent. 

Observes all Holidays appointed by the Roman Catholic Church, in addition to those kept iy 
other Banks. 

MONTREAL SAVINGS BANK. 

S, Gerard, President, J. Frothingham, Vice President. F. L. Hoofstetter, Sec y. & Treasurer. 
Grace Montreal Bank, Great St. James street. open every Monday anJThursday from 10 
U> 2 o clock. 

PROVIDENT AND SAVINGS BANK, MONTREAL. 

President William Lunn, Esq. ; Vice Presidents, Esq., J. Redpath, and Hon. James Ferrier. 

Mzfiag mz; Directors. John Torrance, William Watson, Wm. Dow, John Matthewson, Robt, 
Armour, Thomas Kay, James Scott, William Murray, George Elder. John Eadie, Actuary. 

H. Sherrocks, Jas Cox, and James Matthewson, Accountants. 

Office, No. 9, Great St. James Street, open daily from 10 \. 3, and on Monday and Saturday 
evenings Irom 6 to 8. 



CANADA COMPANY. 

Incorporated by Act of Imperial Parliament and Royal Charter, 1S2G, 

Governor Charles Franks, Esq Deputy Governors-James Mackillop, Esq 

Directors Robert Biddulph, Sir John Easthope, Bart. M. P., John Easthope, John Fullertos,. 
James Gooden, William T. Hibbert, Francis 11. Mitchell, Martin T. Smith, Alexander Stewart, 
\\ illiam Wilson. 

jQulitors v\ iliiam Gaussen, Thomas Poynder, Newman Smith. 

Office in London Canada House, St. Helen s Place, Bishopsgate street. 

Commission* -rs m Canodct West. Toronto Frederick Widder, Esq., Goderich Thomas 
Mercer Jones, Esq. Clerks in To.-onto J McA. Cameron, E. L. Cull, Donald McDonald, 
Thomas Collier. Clerks in Goderich William Robertson, Charles Widder. 

Any information respecting the Company s Land can be also obtained from Richard Birdsal!,. 
Asphodel, Colbome District ; Dr. Ailing, Guelph, \VeMington District; and J. C. W. Daly, 
btralibrd. Huron District. 

The Canada Company have for sale about 800,000 acres in the Hron District, and 500,000 
ceres in blocks and scattered lots in every township in Canada West. 

The Canada Company remit from London to Canada any sum of money by letters of credit 
spon their CommUskmers, and likewise transmit any sum oi" money from Canada toauy part 
> Europe, by letters of credit upon the Directois, 



96 

LUNATIC ASYLUM, TORONTO, 

Medical Superintendent Dr. Walter Telfer. Warden and Steward R. Cronyn. Matron 
Mrs. Cronyn. 

CORPORATION OF CITY OF MONTREAL. 

Acting Mayor ALDERMAN BOURRET.* 

ALDERMEN I 

St. Lawrence Ward,..Ferrier. St. Antoine Ward,... .Bourret. St. Lewis Ward,...Beaubien. 
East, Perrin. Centre, Glennon. St. Anns, Tully. 

COUNCILLORS : 

Centre Ward, Footner. East Ward, Ouimet. West Ward Lyman. 

Centre, DeBleury. West, Gibb, West, Gugy. 

St. James, Gorrie. St. Lawrence, Larocque. St. Mary, Sims. 

St. Lewis, Ward, East, Valois. S. James, Beaudry. 

St. Anns, Dorwin. St. Mary, Lynch. 

OFFICERS. 

John P Sexton, City Clerk; Edouard Demers, City Treasurer ; James A. B. McGill, City 
Surveyor; Charles Glackmeyer, Assistant Clerk ; Pierre Blanchet, Translator; George Har 
ding, Assistant Treasurer s Office ; J. Perrigo, Insp. and Chief Eng., Fire Department ; Capt. 
Thomas Wiley, Chief of Police; Hypolite Jeremy, Deputy Chief; John McKerchey, Overseer 
of Roads; Joseph A. Bourdon, Clerk of Bonsecours Market; Oliver Loranger, Assistant do. ; 
John Abbott, Clerk cf St. Ann s Market; Maurice Eardly, Clerk of Hay Market: Antoine 
Schwartz, Assistant do. ; Pierre Rottot. Clerk of Papineau Market; Joseph Robillard, Pound 
keeper, Clerk of Hay & Cattle Market, Viger Square ; A. J. Joubert, Bailiff and Crier, Mayor s 
Court; Thomas Somers, Messenger; Toussaint Peltier, Attorney; William Ross and D. E. 
Papineau, Notaries. 

* The Mayor, John . Mills, Esquire, died 12th November, 1847. 

CORPORATION OF CITY OF Q,UEBEC. 
Mayor GEORGE O KiLL STUART, Esquire. 

COUNCILLORS. 

Narcisse F. Belleau, George Hall, Louis Plamondon, 

Michael Connoly, Thomas W. Lloyd, Edward Rousseau, 

James Dean, John Maguire, Joseph Robetaille, 

John Doran, Daniel McGie, Jaques P. Rheaume, 

James Gillespie, John McLeod, Jean Tourangeau, 

Germain Guay, William O Brien, U. Tessier, and John Wilson. 

OFFICERS OF CORPORATION. 

F. X. Garneau, Clerk; Francis Austin, Treasurer; Joseph Hamel, Surveyor; Theophile 
Baillarge, Assistant Surveyor; Augustin Gauthier, Collector ; Beitheleui Lafleur, Inspector of 
Beaches; F. X. Julien, Messenger. Notary Charles Maxiune De Foy. Clerks of Markets 
Upper Town Market, Thomas Atkins; Lower Town ditto, Dennis Murray; St. Paul s 
ditto, Aug. Gauthier. Inspector Nicholas Wells. Overseer of Sweeping Eugene Treudeau. 
Chief Constable of Police R. II. Russell. 

CORPORATION OF C2TY OF TORONTO. 
Mayor Wn. HENRY BOULTON, Esquire, M. P. P. 

ALDERMEN. COMMON COUNCILMEN. 

St. David s Ward *Hon. H. Sherwood, Dr. Workman. *George Platt, W. Davis. 
St. Patrick s do. *W. H. Boulton, G. T. Denison, Jr. Marnes Trotter, John Carr. 
St. Andrew s do. *J. H. Cameron, G. Dnggan. M.P.P. *Johri Ritchey, Samuel Shaw. 
St. Lawrence do. *J. Beatty, Robert Beard. * Joshua G. Beard, Samuel Platt. 

St. George s do. William Wakefield, George Gurnett. *T. J. Preston, John Craig. 
St James do. *John Armstrong, John Bell. *Thomas Storm, Alex. Hamilton. 

The Gentlemen marked thus * retiie from the Council on the first Monday in February, but 
may be elected to serve again at the Municipal Election on the Second Tuesday in January. 

OFFICERS OF THE CORPORATION. 

Coroners, John King. M.D., G. Duggan, Senr. ; Clerk of Common Council, Charles Daly; 
Chamberlain, Andrew T. McCord ; High Bailiff, G. L. Allen; City Inspector, Thomas 
Garlick; Cle rk of the Market, Richard Harrison ; Weigh Master, and Clerk of the Fish Mar 
ket, John Dempsey; Fire Inspector, Robert Alexander. 

Trustees of Common Schools, City of To onto. His Worship the Mayor, ex officio, Messrs 
F. \V. Barron, Hon. John Elmsley, John Cameron, William Cawthra, J. G. Bowes, and John 
McMurricb. 



97 



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00 OO 



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43 

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15 
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2 




CORPORATION OF CITY OP KINGSTON. 

Mayor THOMAS KIUKPATRICK, Esquire. 

ALDERMEN. COMMON COUNCILMEN. 

Sydenham Ward Thomas lurkpatrick, Joseph B. Hall. James W. Bient, Samuel Smyth. 
Ontario do. James Baker, William Ford, Jun. Robert Chanon house, James Linlon. 

St. Lawrence do. John Counter, Matthew Rourk. Robert Allan, John Wiley. 

Cataraqui do. T. W. Robinson, Jas. Meagher, Sen. Robert Anglen, John Patterson. 
Frontenac do. John Flanigan, John Braden. John Harvey, John Crawford. 

The Municipal Election takes place on the second Tuesday in January of each year. 

OFFICERS OF THE CORPORATION 

Clerk, Michael Flanagan ; Treasurer, William Anglin; Harbour Master, Walter McCanniff; 
Bailiff, Samuel Shaw; Surveyor, William Jones; Clerk of Market, James Noble; Inspector of 
Bread, Bernaid Fitzpatrick ; Assistant do., James Dean; Inspector of "Weights and Measures, 
John Meagher; Inspector of Beef, Pork, &c., Oliver Movvatj Fire Inspector, John Cullen } 
Superintendant of Common Schools, Robert McLean, Esq. 

CORPORATION OF CITY OF HAMILTON. 

Mayor COLIN C. FERRIE, Esquire. 

COUNCILLORS. 

St. George s Ward S. B. Freeman, Samuel Mills. 

St. Patrick s do. II. R. O Reilly, Daniel Kelly. 

St. Lawrence do. Nehemiah Ford, Charles O. Counsell. 

S.Andrew s do. II. B. Willson, D. C. Gunn. 

St. Mary s do. Coliu C. Feme, Andrew Miller. 



OF THE CORPORATION. 

e Magistrate. G. II. Armstronsr ; 
Bailiff, 



Police Magistrate, G. II. Armstrong; Clerk, C. H. Stokoe; Treasurer, John Brown; High 
ailiff, S. Ryckman ; Inspector of Chimneys, J. Thorn ; Clerk of Market, T. Branigan. 



CORPORATION OF THE TOWN OF NIAGARA. 

President John Simpson, Esq. Board of Police Thomas McCormick, Alex. Davidson, 
Andrew Heron, Jun., James Boulton. Clerk Isaac H. Johnson. High Bailiff Beaver 
Brown. 

CORPORATION OF THE TOWN OF BROCKVILLE. 

President George Crawford, Esq. Board of Police William B. Richards, James B. Powell, 
David Mair, William Fitzsimmons. Clerk, W. B. McClean. Street Surveyor S. Richard*. 
High Constable Francis Gray. 

CORPORATION OF THE TOWN OF COBOURG. 

President Asa A. Burnham, Esq. Board of Police Andrew Milne, William Weller, 
Dr. Beatty, Francis Burnet. Clerk David Brodie. 

CORPORATION OF THE TOWN OF CORNWALL. 

Mayor George McDonald, Esq. 1*3. P. P. Councillors East Ward, Alexander McLean, 
Thomas Kennedy; Centre Ward, William Matliie, Samuel Hart, George McDonald: West 
Ward, Donald McDonell, A. Caldweli. 

CORPORATION OF THE TOWN OF BRANTFORD. 

Mayor William Muii head, Esq. Councillors King s Ward, "William Muirhead; Queen s 
Ward, Dr. Digby; Brant Ward, James Wilkes; North Ward, J. W. Downs; South Ward, 
William Walker; East Ward, Joseph Gaidner; West Ward, D. M..Gilkison. Clerk John 
K. McDonald. Treasurer William Walker. 






There are several other Incorporated Towns in the Province, but the returns from ihem 
were not iee" ; d. Some were incorporated last Session of Parliament such as London, 
Dundas, Bytown. &<?. 



99 



Average Market Prices from 1840 to 1847. 



ARTICLES. 


Toronto. 


Hamilton. 


Goderich. 


Pcterboro . 


Chatham.. 


5 


Belleville,. 




s. d. 
22 3 


s. d, 
1 3 


.s. d. 
22 


s. d. 
22 6 


s. d. 
22 6 


S. d. 

22 6 


s. d. 
21 6 




21 4 


16 3 





21 3 


20 










4 1 


3 2 


3 1 


4 


3 \% 


3 9 


4 3 




2 10 


3 4 


2 9 










- 




2 2 


2 


2 3 





1 10j^ 


2 6 





Oats per bushel 34 Ibs 




1 2 


1 


1 


1 3 


1 3 





Peas per bushel, 60 Ibs 


2 3 


1 9 


2 1 


2 


1 10^ 


2 3 





Beef per 100 Ibs 


18 


11 3 


16 


17 6 


17 6 


20 


21 2 


Pork, per 100 Ibs 


19 3 


12 6 


18 9 


20 


17 6 


20 





Mutton, per Ib 


3 1 4 


3l<< 


3 


3 


3 


Z% 





Lard, per Ib 


5 


" x2 

4 U 


4 


4 


4^ 


5 





Butter, per Ib 


7 ]/ 


7 


6 


6 


5 


6V 


7% 


Turkies, each 


3 \* 


u 

2 11 


2 6 


2 


2 6 


2 





Geese, each 


1 10 


1 6 


1 6 


1 3 


1 3 


1 6 





Fowls, per coupie 


1 8 


1 8 


1 7 


1 3 


1 


1 3 





Ducks , per couple 


1 11 


2 





1 3 


1 


2 





Chickens, per couple 


1 2 


1 3 


1 3 


1 


10 


1 







7 


4 


4t/ 


4 


4 


5 


6J^ 


Potatoes, per bushel 


1 9 


2 


2 

1 4 


1 


1 3 


1 3 





Hay, per ton 


47 . 6 


35 


48 


50 


30 


50 





Straw, per ton 


26 3 








15 


10 


15 





Timothy, per bushel, 60 Ibs. 


4 6 


4 


5 


5 


5 


4 





Veal, per Jb 


3>.< 


3 





3 


3 


3 






CORRECTIONS. 

PAGE 2 Table of Semi-diurnal Arcs, column of Dec!., fourth line from the bottom, for 

2 read 23. 

" 7. For Sir T. Harris, read Sir W. Snow Harris. 
" 8. The dash or negative sign, indicating degrees below zero of Fahrenheit, has beea 

misplaced : insert it before 1.9 and 18. 4. 

" 10. Thesame: insert the negative sign before 4. 7 and 17. 1. 
" 12. Lowest Temperature in Lower Canada, for 90 read 9.0; dele the dash over degress 

of Thermometer, from January to May inclusive. 



PUBLISHERS NOTICE. 

THE PUBLISHERS of the Canadian Almanac fir 1850, beg- leave to tender their respectful 
acknowledgments to those Gentlemen who have supplied them with information for its pages. 
The quantity of matter collected far exceeded what, could lie comprized within he limits assigned 
for the work ; but, in order to avoid, as I ar as possible, the exclusion of any portion thai was deemed 
to be of essential importance, the Almanac has been considerably enlarged, without any correspond 
ing increase in price. The Publishers tni t that thosci Gentlemen to whom they are indebted for 
contributions, which do not appear in the pages of the Almanac for 1848, will, under the circum 
stances, excuse the omission. 

The Publishers of the Canadian Almanac rr>sj><^tfu v so icit contributions for 1849, not only from 
nil parts of the Province of Canada, on stinipc.t9oflnc.nl interest, in a condensed form, suitable for 
such a publication, bur, ;i!so from the sister Provinces. They are anxious to render the work as ex 
tensively useful as possible, and applicable to the whole of British North America. They expected 
to have been able to furnish in the ifes^nt volume, some general information rearafdin^ the Provinces 
of New Brunswick, Nnva Scotia, Prince Edward, nn I X. wf-iundln id, bur. wer^i dUnp pointed in re 
ceiving the returns they had applied for, with the exception of one from New Brunswick. They 
invite contributors to send forward their fivor-i as early as possible, in order to afford the, compiler* 
ample time to collate the materials f<>r the Canadian, Almnnac for 13 If*. As a general rule, as far 
HS may be consistent, with the arrtuitremenr of the work, conti it) mons will have precedence, according 
K> the order of da?e in which they HI>; rei-eivod by tho Pnbii-.li.-rs. 

SCOBIE & BALFOTJR, 

BRITISH Cor.ovisr OFFICE, TORONTO, Nov., 1847. 



INDEX. 



PAGE. 

Adjutant-General s Department 73 

Appeal Court, C. W 76 

Court, C. E 78 

Army Medical Staff 73 

Astronomical Notices, &c 9 

Baptist Clergy 92 

(Canada) College 85 

Bankrupt Court, C.E 79 

Banks 93 

Barrack Masters 74 

Board of Education, C. W 79 

Brantford Corporation 98 

Brockville Corporation 98 

Calendar (Explanation of) t 

Canada Company 95 

Canadian VVesleyan Methodist Clergy. ... 92 

Canals (Provincial) 69 

Chancery ( Court of ) 76 

Chronological Cycles 3 

Church of England Clergy 85 

- of Scotland in Canada 87 

Circuit Courts, C. W 76 

Courts, C. E 78 

Civil List ot Canada 71 

Civil Secretary s Office 32 

Cobourg Corporation 98 

Comet (The) 6 

Commander of the Forces 73 

Commissariat Department 73 

Commissioners Courts, C. E. . 79 

Common Schools Department (U. C.) .... 79 

(L. C.) .... 82 

Compass (Variation of the) 7 

Congregational Clergy 92 

Theological Institute 84 

Copyright Act 48 

Cornwall Corporation 98 

Crown Lands Department 32 

(La\v Officers of) 33 

Office. 76 

Currency (Provincial) 49 

Customs Department. 70 

Law 35 

Debt and Liabilities of Canada 62 

District Court Sittings and Terms 78 

Officers, U.C 77 

Superintendents of Schools 80 

Duties collected at different Ports 67 

(Table of) 44 

Eclipses 3 

Epochs 3 

Engineer (Royal) Department 7-4 

Exchange 49 

Executive Council 32 

Executive Government 32 

Expenditure of Canada 57 

Feasts (Moreable) 3 

Hamilton Corporation 98 

Immigration Returns 53 

Imports and Exports 63 

Indian Department 33 

_ Returns 53 

Inspector General s Department 32 

Jupiter s Satellites (Eclipses of) 9 

King s College 83 

Kingston Corporation 98 



PAGB. 

Knox s College 84 

Legislative Assembly 34 

Council 33 

Lock up Houses Act 67 

Lunatic Assylum 96 

McGill College 84 

Magnet ical Observatory 75 

Map of Canada to face 3 

Marriage Act of U. C 54 

Mars (Illuminated disc of) 5 

j Master and Servant Act, U.C 59 

Meteorological Tables 8 

j Militia Department 3 J 

Montreal Corporation 96 

Moon s Phases, &c 9 

Markets 99 

Neptune (the Planet) 68 

Niagara Corporation 9& 

Noon (Apparent) 9 

Normal school 80 

Ordnance Department 74 

Planets(The) 9 

Poetry of the Months 8 

Population of ( anada 52 

Post Office Department 33 

Presbyterian Church of Canada 88 

Probate (Court of ) 78 

Public Works (Department of) 32 

Quarter Master General s Department. ... 73 

Quarter Sessions, C. VV 78 

C,E 79 

Quebec Corporation 96 

Queen s Bench Commissioners 79 

Queen s Bench, (Court of ) C. W 76 

Qneen s College 83 

Receiver General s Department 32 

Registra s (Provincial) Office 32 

Regiments in Canada 75 

Re venue of Canada 55 

Revenue, Inspectors 71 

Revenues (Local) C.W 60 

Roman Catholic Clergy 89 

Saturn s Ring i> 

Saving s Banks 85 

Seasons, (Beginning and length of). ...... 5 

Secretary s (Provincial) Department 32 

>emi-Diurnal Arcs, (Table of) 2 

Signs of the Zodiac 8 

c unrise, Sunset and Declination 9 

Tares allowed by Customs 52 

Toronto Academy 84 

Toronto Corporation 96 

Toronto, (Population of) 97 

Towns and Villages Act, U. C. 



60 

Trinity Board 71 

Trustees of Common Schools, Toronto. ... 96 

Twilight 9 

United Presbyterian Church in Canada. . . 89 

Theological Institute 85 

Upper Canada College 83 

Useful (A) Table 62 

Venus, ( Illuminated disc of) 5 

Victoria College 84 

Weights and Measures 50 

\Vesleyan Methodist Clergy 90 



SCOBIE & BALFOUR, 
BOOKSELLERS ANB ST&TSOBJEH3, 

16, KING STREET EAST, TORONTO, C. W., 

SOLICIT the attention of their numerous friends, and the public generally, to their large and 
varied Stock i.f STATIONARY, iric udin>; th be-st Wove and Laid KNGLISH PAPERS, BLANK. 
BOOKS, Ledgers, Journals, l)ny Book*. Ca-li Books, Docket Book*. Bill B -ok, Letter Bor,k r 
Version Book*, Memorandum and Copy Bonks, in every stylo of Bin.iing WRITING PAPKRS OF Ai,t 
SIZES. Letter, Note, and Hi ief Tapers Envelop-*. Commercial and Official Kiivelupen. Morris n s- 
Walkden s, and Stephens BLACK BLUE, AND KF.D INKS. Ink Powders. Silver, Bronze, Pewter, 
Ebony, Rosew. od, and Glass I nkaUiid*. SEAL-NO W AX Wafers, Letter Weigl ts, Q lilU. FKKRY S- 
GILLOTT S, MITCHELL S, AND HKELEY S STKKL P>.ss Gold IVns ; Penhold. r*. \Vuf r Slumps, 
Seals, Penknives, Erasors, < Itlioe. Knives. G>id, Silver, and Altmta Pencil Cases; Patent Pencil 
Lead-; Drawi g, Carpenter s and other Pencils. Crayons, Cniv n Boards and Paper. Bristol 
Boards. Drmvicg Papers, Drawing Bi- ks, \Vuie.r Colors, Camel and Salile Hair Pencils Indian 
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and C***"*. Ivories. Ivory and Bone Pnp-r Knives and Fi ld-r-, &<. J h-y have a no alwnys on 
band s Inrge Slock of BOOKS, in every department of Science, Liiciature, Theology, and thti Fine 
Art, from h-ith British Htid American Publishers, to which thy me constancy adding evsry n#w 
work f interest. They have jiut issued a catalogue of this part of their St>-ck, which they will for 
ward to any part of the country, on Application, (if by letter, postage paid) and a in consequence of 
the chanee in the Copyright Law, it H their intention to have more frequent importations of United 
States Publicati >ns than has hitherto been within their power, oideis received by them for any 
work not in their stock will receive immediate attention 

The SCHOOL BOOKS, recommended by the Board of Education, as well RS those generally used by 
Teachers in tho Province, kept in stock. Pulpit, Family, Church, and Pocket BIBLKS. Testaments, 
Psalm and Flvmn Books. Misnll. Fraver Books. & -. in ere.it vnrietv. 

~~~~ BOOKBINDING. ~ 

THE Subscribers have made arrangements, in this department of their l)tuim>ss, for executing the 
older* of their friends in everv brunch of Letier Press and Stationary Binding in the best styles. 
COMMERCIAL, LAW, AND OTHER BLANK BOOK.S maile to order of the best materials, nnd in tho 
strongest manner. MUMC, Scrap B->oks, and Books of Prints, Bound with care and elegance. 
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16 K-nj Stropf Eif. Toronto. C. W. 



WOODEN WARE s 

ANGUS DAL-IiAS, jVo. SO, King-Street , Toronto, 

MAKER and Impoiter of Willovv Cradles, Wnsgons, Clmirs ami Baskets. Tubs, Paili, 
Churns; Brooms, Brushes, Mats, Twine, Cordage, Sieves, and Riddles, Biid Cage*, &c. &c. 
Alo. in greBt variety. H-iir B- tuKp*. (jmln ad Tovs 

JOSIAS BRAY, 

LAND, HOUSE, AND GENERAL COMMISSION AGENT, NOTARY PUBLIC, AND CONVEYANCER 

Also Agent for the N . Y. Washington Co. Mutual Insurance Company. Allen & Co. s, Canada 

and New York Express, &c. &f. &c. 

Mr. B. attend* to every description of Lund Business; Collects, Rents, Notes, and Accounts; 
Purchases and Sells all kinds of Produce, &c. Secures Pensions and other payments; also Patent 
Deed* from Government ; Bank and other Stocks bought and sold. 

FOR SALE, 

A large number of Cleared Farms, and upwards of 100,000 acres of Wild Lands, situated in 
altnoit every part of Canada; also Building Lots, Houses, &c. &c., on very easy termi. 

HAMILTON. C. W. 

PRINTING" " 

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-SCOBIE & BALFOUR, 16, KING-STREET EAST, TORONTO, C.W. 

Books, Pamphlets, Law Blanks, Circulars, Cards, Bill Heads, Notices, P.i]| s , & c . t printed in the 
most superior stylo, at m> .derate prices. 

Deeds (new and old Form) Mortgages, Apprentice Indentures, Blank Summonses, Tes. Ca Rat, 
Ca Res, Chancery Warrants, Spt-ciai Bail Pieces, Cognovits, Subpoena, Bankruptcy AlIHuvi:*, ami 
Law Blanks of every description of the most approved forms, kept on hand and for Sa!o. 



THE COLONIAL LIFE ASSURANCE COMPANY, 

Registered and Empowered under Act of Parliament. 

GOVERNOR: 

The Bight Hon. the EARL OF ELG-IIJ AND KINCARDINE, Governor General of Canada. 



EDINBURGH 1, George-St. : LONDON- 4, A. LotMmry ; GLASGOW 35, St. Vincent Place. 

* 

CAMAI>A ESTABIiISHItfEIWi 
Head. Office., M-mtr.eal19, Great St. James Street. 

THE HON. PK -i.ULL. President of the Bank of Montreal, Chairman. 

DAVID DAVLDSOX. *<\., Mnmiger of the Bmk of British North America. 
ALEX-XNDE 1 . SIMPSON. l>q., Ca -.0 Bank of Montreal 

HEW RAMSAY, E-q., of the Finn of Armour & Ramsay. 

CHRlSTQPHEJR DUNK ;Ue. THE HON. JUSTICE McCORD. 

THE HOX. W. B. ROBINSON, Chief Cormiis.. ioner of the Board of Works. 
Legal Adviser John Rose. Esq., Advoca e. Medical Adviser Geo. W. Campbell, Esq;, M.D. 
Manager A. Davidson Parker, h-^q. 

TORONTO BRANCH. Office, 4, Brake Street. 

BOARD OF MANAGEMENT. 

THE HON. R. B. SULLIVAN, Q. C., Chairman. 
W. PROUDFOOT, Esq., President of the Bank of Upper Canada. 
JAMES BROWNE, Esq.. Wharfinger. 

ALEX- MURRAY, Esq., of the Firm of MofTatts, Murray & Co. 
T. D. HARRIS. Esq., Merchant. 

Solicitors Messrs. Crooks & Smith. Barristers. Medical Adviser Edw. Hodder, Esq., M.D. 
Agent, and Secretary to the Board James Henderson, Esq. 

Q.UEBEC BRANCH. Board of Management. 

THE HON. WILLIAM WALKER, President, of the Board of Trade, Ckairman. 
JAMES DEAN, Esq. of the Firm of Dean k Co. 

CHARLES LANGKVIN, Esq., of the Firm of Mn.sson, Langevin & Co. 
ALEX: GILLESPIE, Jr., Esq., of the Firm of Gillespie, Greenshields K Co. 
JOHN THOMSON, E-q. 

Solicitor The Hon. F. VV. Primrose, Advocate. Medical Adviser James Douglas, Esq., M.D. 
Agent and Secretary to the. Hoard William Bennett, Esq. 

AGEN CIES. 

Agents. Medical Jidviser*. 

BELLEVILLF. John Ross, Esq., Barrister. Rufus Holden. Esq., M.D. 

BROCKVILLK. John Rhynas, Esq. Thomas F. McQueen, Esq., M.D. 

BYTOWN. J. B. Lewis, Esq., Barrister. Edward V. Cortlandt. Esq., M.D. 

CORNWALL. Messrs. . I. F. ;< J. D. Pi ing!e, Barristers. Roderick McDonald, Esq., M.D. 

GUELPH. Wm. Hewnt, Esq., Treasurer of the District. William Clarke. Esq., M.D. 

HAMILTON. Thomas Ramsay, E=q; William Craigie, Esq., M.D. 

LONDON. Charles Monsarrif, Esq. Alexander Anderson, Esq., M.D. 

PERTH. John Macdonald, Esq., C.P. James Wilson, Esq., M.D. 

ST. CATHERINES. George Rykt^t, Esq. Augustus Carson, Esq., M.D. 

THE COLONIAL LIFE ASSURANCE CO.viPANY offers to persons desirous to effec 
Assurances, the following ADVANTAGES: 

I. The. security of a svliU rihtdC^pfal o/ 500.000 Sterling. 

II. Moderate Jl .tcs "f Premium, which mnv In m;id>> paynolc venrly, half-yearly, or quarterly; 
or it is optional with the pnrtv Assuring, to pny HALF of the Premium fur the first five or seven yeara, 
the remaining 1 half, u-iih inr^v.-si, to remain as a debt on the Policy, ;md to be paid off when con 
venient, or if not previoiso y discharged, to he deducted Ht settlement of tlie claim. 

III. Isbrrrl nrrin^eme.nts as resfirds Rftir .rnce mid TravelUm* <ho Assured being at liberty to 
pass bepvixt anv North American Port and any European Port, at, all times, without extra charge. 

IV. Prompt (Hspilci: in. t/i? difn /f-l nf Jiii.siness ;h" Board ot Directors in Canada being Invested 
with ("nil powers to is .io Policies wiihont communicating with the Parent. Board. 

The t.uT-r oin.ir nri-M"imi.-,trif.5 pive to ticn Co iinial nil di facilities which can be presented by a 
Local Company, r viih th- ;idi itional f.dvantaire alTor.led hy the long practical experience 

ot th Din-ctrtrs in (. ; -K IN-iri M in li: j vvorl.-inc of simiiar Institution*. 

Th PKOSTKCTUS of the ( /mpariv, cnnt-iiuiriL the rai . conditions, ifcc.. together with every other 
information re.fnriiins: Lil i Assnrarr > !*, mny lie obtained by application at any of the 

Olfires of i he Company. oft.hu Directors. 

A. DAVIDSON PARKER, Manager for Canada. 
.Tarsjes S*roef. jffontren.1. 



MONTREAL LAND AND GENERAL AGENCY. 

JOHN COCHRANE 

LAP AND GENERAL AGENV 3UOKER FOB I PPEU AND LOY/EB CANADA, 

OFF5CE-No. 17, Great St. JaEiies Street, next tiie Post OSlice, Montreal. 



References are permitted to The H on G. MoftUtt (Messrs. Gillespie, Moffatt & Co.) the Hon. 
A N Morin M V P ; the Hon. \V. 15. Robinson, M.P.P. ; Malcolm Cameron, Esq., M.P.P .; 
Jo s. Wenham, Esq., (Bank of Upper Canada) ; The Hon. F. Hincks ; F. He ward, Esq., 
(Messrs. Thome & Howard) ; Thos. Ure, Esq., (Messrs. Moore, Ure & Co.) ; VV. U. 

Meredith, Esq., Q.C. . ~ 

MR COCHRANE continues .to attend to instructions from parties having busmes 
transact with the Crown Land* Department, or any of the public or private offices in 
Montreal to forward the claims of the U. E. Loyalists, and of parties claiming under the 
"Heir and Devisee Act" to draw Deeds or Scrip for Soldiers or Militiamen to collect rents 
to receive Pensions and other payments from Government to sell or purchase Property of 
every description : Also, Bank Stuck, Land Scrip, Shares in Mining and all other Companies 
to assist in effecting Loans by way oi mortgage or otherwise, and in obtaining Investments, 
&c Having several active and trustworthy Agents, for whose integrity he holds himse 
answerable, Mr. Cochrane can, with every confidence, offer his services to parties owning 
Property in Canada, and residing out of the Province ; and is prepared to undertake the 
management of Wild or Cleared Lands, situated in any part of Canada, to value them, or 
report upon them to collent rents, make sales, or otherwise dispose of them under power o 

NJB. A number of CLEARED FARMS, and several Thousand Acres of LAND in 
Canada East and West BUILDING LOTS, HOUS IS, &c., &c., for sale, on very easy 
terms, lists of which can always be obtained on application. 

In MINING AND BANK STOCKS, Mr. C. will continue to publish a List of Current Prices, in 
time for every mail to England. 

Letters, which in all cased must be post-paid, may be addressed in either English, .trench, 
or German, and will be promptly attonded to. 

"THE" CAN ADA LIFE"ASSURANCE~COMPANYT 

ESTABLISHED 21 ST AUGUST, 1847. 

For the threefold purpose o/ making the knowledge and practice of Life Assurance, in its various 
branches, general amongst all classes in British North America of affording to all residents therein 
the opportunity of availing themselves of these important benefits, at the lowest cost compatible 
with safety ; and oi retaining within this Province the accumulations thus made, to the equal benefit 
of our country and the assured. 

CAPITAL, 50,000. 

BOARD OF DIRECTORS. HUGH C. BAKER, President. JOHN T. BRONDGEEST, Vice-President. 



The Hon. Geo. S. Boulton. 

The Hon. Adam Fergusson. 

Archibald Kerr. 

Sir Allan N. Macnab, Knight, 

James Osborne, 

E. Cartwright Thomas. 



John Davidson. 
Daniel C. Gunn. 
Samuel Kerr. 
Nehemiah Merritt, 
Richard P. Street. 
John WetenhalJ. 



Richard O. Duggan. 
John O. Hatt. 
William P. McLaren, 
Miles O Reilly, 
George S. Tiffany. 
John Young. 



s TheBank of Montreal. | Secretary Thomas Minchin Simons. 

OFFICES HUGHSON STREET, HAMILTON. 

The Board meet weekly, on Tuesdays, four o clock, p. m. Tables of Rates , Prospectuses, and any 
further information, can be obtained by application to the Secretary, or to any of the local agents. 

THOMAS NOAKESTBEST," 

AUCTIONEER, APPRAISER, AND GENERAL COMMISSION AGENT, 

JAMES STREET, HAMILTON, C. W. 

Out Auctions attended. 

J. ROBINSON," 

Importer of English, French, and American PAPER HANGINGS; Manufacturer of PICTURE 
FRAMES and LOOKING GLASSES. WINDOW CORNICES, and ROOM BORDERING; 

HOUSE, SIGN, AND ORNAMENTAL PAINTING, 
No. 5, Macnab s Buildings, Opposite the Market, JAMES STREET, HAMILTON. 

TRESS S OITY~~HOTEL, 

HAMILTON, CANADA WEST. 



THE BRITISH COLONIST, 

A Semi-Weekly Newspaper, published at Toronto, Upper Canada, 

BY SCOBIE & BALFOUR, 

ADELAIDE BUILDINGS, KING STREET, 

On TUESDAY and FRIDAY MOKNI.XGS, in each week. and transmitted by the earliest mails, or otbr 

cor; HI ^Jl per annum, 

(Less the Postage to Country Subscribe: 

rp HE rates of Advertising are 4d *rtion, and Id per Ii>;: 

JL queiii insertion. 

Subscriptions nd Advertisements are payable in advance; and let:er* to the Editors 
cases, he p"*t-pid 

The Bfitith Co onist, having enjoyed the confidence of the Canadian Public fop the past tenynn, 
while each day add* to the. mtny pr.-of* already held of its influence, ih. r, 3 encouraged 

in their exertions to render it yet more serviceable, than its many teatimonia has already 

proved. 

A* itsnnme implies, this journal will, in nil case*, seek in advance the interests of this great Col. 
concurrently, and in connection with those of the Imperial Kingdom. R-putl; 
it will ever ndvocnte Briiish Conm-ciion. To irifotm Canadians, and those" 



Majesty s subvr.ts in British North America, what i* passing among ihemselvW* will be the first duly 
ofthose^who have its conduct. The proceedings of ill. Provincial Par iament, and the movemenU 
at the Seat of Government, Will he reported comprehensively, and chronicled with the utmost ear 
ani attention. Agrieuliuie, and any intelligence that can advance this interest, will ev<r he a pro- 
rninent feature in the columns <if the British Colonist ; wliile the latest and most correct intelligence 
in Maritime and Commercial affairs may ho confidently relied on. The Markets will be carefully 
scanned. European intelligence) " ill foirn an important feature. The "glad tidings" borne by each 
packet from the shores of Uriiaio, will be hard, d to the subscribers to the Colonist, within compara 
tively u few minutes afier the arrival of ihe PctcKets. 

Added to the ordinary chnn.ieU of information, ih> Publishers have secured the services of a gen 
tleman resident in London, whose literary acquirements, and commercial experience, entitle bis 
comm unicatioris to the highest consideiation. 

To Advertisers, the Publishers need say hut little; die nnrnSer this j tirnal already command*, it 
the best evidence of the advMntaijes conferred on those who avail themselves of its circulation ; and 
in any future, as in all pa<t occasions, a due regard will be bad to the claims of th *se who shall con 
fide their interests to its advertising columns, while every exertion will be made to satisfy those whose 
patronage has placed ihe British Colonist in its present flourishing position, that their countenance 
has noi. been besiowed in vain. 

F.very advantage that ill* Magnetic Tel^et-nph, and the new Weekly Line of Packet*, from Liver 
pool to the New Continent can maku available, will be enjoyed by the Subscriber* to THE 
BRmSH COLONIST FOR ijR. _ JJJ _ 

LITHOGRAPHY MAPS, PLANS, &c, 

SCOBIE & BALFOUR 

ARE prepared to execute with Neatness and Dispatch all orders for LITHOGRAPHIC 
PRINTING: Copperplate and Wood KNGKAVING and PRINTING, &c. &c. 

Maps uf Districts, or Townships, Plans of Cities, Towns or Lots, Drawn on Stone with the utmost 
accuracy and care. 

Business Placards, Plans of Buildings, Diplomas, Scrip Form*, Bill Heads, Bank and other 
Cheques, Druggist and other Labels, with every article requited in this department, promptly 
attended to. 

Stones supplied to Amateurs nnd Artists, and Drawings thereon Printed from with care. 

Scobie & Balfour publish and have for Sale fho following Maps and Plans: 

Kaiikiti s Maps of the HOME and SrMcoe: NIAGARA. GORE and WKLLINGT->N; LONDON, BROCK 
and TALBOT Districts &c. The WESTERN District on a scale of 200 Chains to sin Inch. 

Billyard & Parr s Map of the " WESTERN District," on a scale of IJ mil-s to the Inch. 

McDonald s Map of the HURON District on a scale of 160 Chains to an Inch. 

Arrowsmith s Map of Canada West, compiled chiefly from documents furnished by the Canada 
Company. Staveley s Map of Canada. 

Plans of the TOWNS OF PETERBOROUGH, C (> BOURG, and SYDENHAM, C. W. 

Also, now Publishing, a Map of the NEWCASTLE and COL BURN t Districts, on a scale of 160 Chains 
to an Inch. 

16. Kine Street En*l,. Toronto. _ ,_ _ 

J. E. PELL, 

CARVER, GILDER, LOOKING GLASS AND PICTURE FRAME 

MANUFACTURER, 

102, YONGE STREET, TORONTO. 



SCOBIE & BALFOUR S 



CANADIAN ALMANAC, 



AND 



of Bseful Knoroktrge, 



FOR THE YEAR 



I 



4 9, 



BEING THE FIRST AFTER LEAP YEAR; 



CONTAINING FULL AND AUTHENTIC COMMERCIAL, STATISTICAL, ASTRONOMICAL, 

DEPARTMENTAL, ECCLESIASTICAL, EDUCATIONAL, FINANCIAL, 

MILITARY, NAVAL, AND 

GENERAL INFORMATION. 



THE ASTRONOMICAL CALCULATIONS HAVE BEEN MADE EXPRESSLY FOR THE 

CANADIAN ALMANAC, FOR THE MERIDIANS OF TORONTO, MONTREAL, 

QUEBEC, FREDERICTON, N. B., AND HALIFAX, N. S. 



TORONTO: 

SCOBIE & BALFOUR, KING STREET ; 

R. & C. CHALMERS & JOHN McCOY, MONTREAL; ?. SINCLAIR, QUEBEC -, RAMSAY 

ARMOUR & CO., KINGSTON ; M. McKENDRICK, & EASTWOOD & CO., 

HAMILTON ; ALLING, SEYMOUR & CO., AND SAGE & 

BROTHER, ROCHESTER, N. Y. 




A SEMI-WEEKLY NEWSPAPER PUBLISHED AT TORONTO, UPPER CANADA, 

BY SOOBIE &, BALFOUR. 

ADELAIDE BUILDINGS, KING STREET, 

ON TUESDAY AND FRIDAY MORNINGS IN EACH WEEK, 

And Transmitted by the Earliest RIails, or other Conveyance, at 1 5s. C y., 
per annum, (less the Postage to Country Subscribers.) 

llE rates of Advertising are 4d. per line tor the first insertion, and Id. per line for each subsequent insertion. 
_L Subscriptions and Advertisements are payable in advance ; and letters to the Editor must, in all cases, be 
post-paid. It is requested that all correspondence may be addressed " To the Editor," and not to any person by 
name. The Editor cannot undertake to return rejected articles. No attention will be paid to anonymous commu- 
cations. Letters containing remittances, or connected with the business department of the paper, to be 
addressed to the Publishers, Scobie & Baltbur. 

The British Colonist, having enjoyed the confidence of the Canadian Public for the past eleven years, while 
eacli day adds to the many proofs already held of its influence, the Publishers are encouraged in their exertions 
to render it yet more serviceable, than its many testimonials show it has already proved. 

As its name implies, this journal will, in all cases, seek to advance the interests of this great Colony, concur 
rently and in connection with those of the Imperial Kingdom. Repudiating colonial servility, it will ever 
advocate British Connection. To inform Canadians, and those numbered among Her Majesty s subjects in 
British North America, of what is passing among themselves, will be the first duty of those who have* its conduct. 
The proceedings of the Provincial Parliament, and the movements at the Seat of Government, will be reporter 
comprehensively, and chronicled with the utmost care and attention. Agriculture, and any intelligence that 
:an advance this interest, will ever be a prominent feature in the columns of the British Colonist; while the 
atest and most correct intelligence in Maritime and Commercial affairs may be confidently relied on. The 
Markets will be carefully scanned. European intelligence will form an important feature. The "glac 
tidings" borne by each packet from the shores of Britain, will he handed to the subscribers to the British Colonist 
within comparatively a few minutes after the arrival of the Packets. 

Added to the ordinary channels of information, the Publishers avail themselves of the exclusive services 
Of a gentleman resident in London, as a regular " London Correspondent," whose facilities for procuring and 
supplying the earliest information, combined with literary acquirements, and commercial experience, entitle 
us communications to the highest consideration. 

To Advertisers, the Publishers need say but little; the advertising patronage which this journal already 
commands, is the best evidence of the advantages conferred on those who avail themselves of iis circulation ; 
and in any future, as in all past occasions, a due regard \yill be had to the claims of those who shall confide 
heir interests to its advertising columns, while every exertion will be made to satisfy those whose patronage has 
placed the British Colonist in its present flourishinsi position, that their countenance has not been bet-towed in vain. 

The arraifements for the British Colonist are such as to atford, at all times, the earliest information, Domestic 




byT 

reports w 
and 
British 
the 



Lilt 1J1 1 LI ll 1)U [-H-1 O l\Jl V l*J UV,U MJJ-J /! !-">.- ** . . . 

ritish Mails from Halifax. The readers of the Rritiih Colonist arc thus secured, not only in the possession of 
le earliest information, but they have the satisfaction of knowing that that Information is derived troni the 
est sources, and entitled to the fullest reliance. In short, every advantage that the Magnetic lelegrapn, tt 




SCOBIE & BALFOUR, 

BOOKSELLERS AND STATIONERS, PRINTERS, BOOKBINDERS, LITHOGRAPHERS, 

Copperplate and Wood Engravers, &c., 

ADELAIDE BUILDINGS, 16 KING STREET EAST, 
TOSONTO, UPPER CANADA, 

RATEFUL for the encouragement and support which have been heretofore extended to them, in the various 
VT departments of their business, beg leave respectfully to solicit a continuance of public confidence and lavor. 
With the growing extent of their business, they are better enabled to meet the public wants, and to make cor- 

^T^eir s^to cks of B oOKs and STATIONERY are at all times varied and extensive, being regularly replen 
ished with fresh supplies, obtained in the best markets, and on the most favorable terms. KT Books, &c., 
obtained from England. New York, &c., to the special order of parties, when desired. 

I the PRINTING DEPARTMENT, care is taken to add regularly to their Stock the best and newest de 
scriptions of type ; and they are at all times prepared to execute orders for Plain and Ornamental Printing, in 
all their branches, with neatness and expedition, and on the most reasonable terms. 

The BOOKBINDING DEPARTMENT is equally well attended to; and every description of Plain and 
Fancy Binding executed to order in the very best and most substantial style. Attached to the bindery is r 
superior RULING MACHINE, by which Books and other blank work ars executed, to any pattern, on tl 

Sh T\ie b L"TVlOG a RAPliIC C DE^\R^rjVlENT i particularly worthy the attention of nil requiring this description 
of Work. Maps, Plans, Charts , Diagrams, Landscapes, Portraits, Circulars, Bank Cheques, Notes, fee., can be 
executed on the shortest notice, at a price far below that of Engraving on Copper or Steel, and in many instances 

^OpT ER-PLATE^nd WOOD ENGRAVING, executed to order, and printed either from the Plates or 
Wood Cuts, or (bv being transferred) from the Stone, at the option of parties. 

Orders in every department of the business, will be at all times promptly attended to ; and it will, moreover, 
be the constant aim o? the Subscriber*, to merit a continuance of the very extensive and daily increasing sup 
port with which they have been honoured, by the due observance of P rom P Utude ^|^ n ^ a ^ A ) A > o U R? 



SCOBIE & BALFOUR S 



CANADIAN ALMANAC, 



FOR 



1849 



Epochs. 

Year of the world, according to the usual i Year of Her Majesty s Reign, 1 1-12 commen- 
computation 5856 ces June 20. 



Year of the world, according to the Jews, 

(commencing Sept. 17.) 5610 

Since the foundation of Rome 2602 



Year of the Mahommedan Era, 1266 commen 
ces November 17, dating from A.D. 622. 

Year of the Independence of the United 
States, 73-4 commences 4th July. 



olden Number 7 

ipact 6 



faster Sunday April 8. 

legation Sunday .... May 13. 



Chronological Cycles. 

Solar Cycle 10 

Dominican Letter G 

Movcable Feasts. 

Ascension Day May 17. 

Whitsunday May 27. 

Eclipses. 



Roman Indiction 7 

Julian Period 6562 



Trinity Sunday June 3 

Advent Sunday Dec. 2, 



In the year 1849 there will be two Eclipses of the Sun, and two of the Moon none of them 
isible in Canada. 

. An Annular Eclipse of the Sun, February 22, 1849 invisible in British North Amerka. 
This Eclipse is confined to the Asiatic Continent, and the Western extremity of Russian 
America. 

If. A partial Eclipse of the Moon, March 8, 1849 invisible in North America. 
JII. A total Eclipse of the Sun, August 17. 1849 invisible in North America. This Eclipse! 

is confined to the Southern and Indian Ocean. 
IV. A partial Eclipse of the Moon, September 2, 1849 invisible in North Amerka. 



Elements of flic Eclipses of the Sun. 



1849. 



February 22. August 17. 



Greenwich Mean Time of ^ 
and D s Right Ascension 



in R. A. 



D s Declination 

O s Declination 

D s Horary motion in R. A 

O s Horary motion in R. A 

D s Horary motion in Declination. . 
O s Horary motion iu Declination. . 
I) s Equatorial Horizontal Parallax. 
O s Equatorial Horizontal Parallax. 

& s True Semi-diameter 

O s True Semi-<liam<3ter 



h. m. s. 
14 1 02.4 i 
22 25 04.34 



S 9 9 50.7 
S 9 54 20.6 ..V 
32 40.7 ! 

2 22.7 

A" 9 20.1 

W 55.0 

57 25 6 

S.7 

15 38.9 

16 10.6 



S 

\s 



h. TO. 
17 59 

9 49 

o / 

12 24 

13 9 
35 

2 

8 



59 

16 
15 



s. 

39.7 
36.72i 

a 

46.0 
25.9 
29.3 
19.8 
52.3 

19^ 

8.5 

10.1 

49.7 



4 SCOBIE & 


BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 


Elements 


of the Eclipses of the Moon. 


1849. 


March 8. September 2. I 


Greenwich Mean Time of i 


iR. A 


h. ?ft. s. A. m. s. 
12 34 20.6 4 47 11.7 
11 17 12.47 22 46 19.7 

O 1 II O 1 II 

N 5 12 2.3 S 8 28 40.7 
5 4 36 18.5 N 7 48 26.0 
31 26.1 31 26.0 
2 18.3 2 15.9 
S 10 2.1 N 9 28.4 
.V 58.5 S 54 9 
56 52.1 56 31.8 
8.6 8.3 
15 29.8 15 24.3 
16 7.2 15 53.1 












]) J s Horary motion in R A. . 




(^) s Horary motion in R A. . 




D s Horary motion in Declina 
Q s Horary motion in Decline 
5 s Equatorial Horizontal Par 
O s Equatorial Horizontal Par 






allax 














Table, shewing the Illuminated portion of the Discs of Venus 
and Mars. 

The. numbers given in this Table represent the versed sines of the Illuminated portion of the 
Discs, the apparent Diameter of the Planets beins: considered as UNITY. 


1849. Venus .Mars. 


1849. Venus. Mars. 


1849. [Venus. Mars. 


Tanuaryl5 ... 0709 0.975 
February 14... 0.593 0.958 
March 15 436 939 


May lo u.uu3 0.896 


September 15 . . 0.738 U.861 
October 15 829 0.888 


June 15 0.243 0.877 
July 15 0.461 0.863 


November 15.. 0.901 0.949 
December 15.. . 0.950 1.000 


April 15 0.188 0.917 


August 15 0.618 0.855 


Saturn s Kin 
Bcginnii 

Sun enters Capricorn V5> ( 
Aries <Y> ( 
Cancer 25 ( 
" Libra sCs ( 
" Capricorn V5" 

Sun in the Wi 
" Spi 
" Sut 
" An 

Sun north of th 
Sun south of tl 

i^/-v/\y-^ 

Explanation 

THE DAY OF THE YEAR, rec 
interval in days between two g 
SUN RISING AND SETTING.- 
Jay for Toronto and Montreal, 
If the time is wanted for any it 
with the Sun s declination for t 
mean time of apparent noon, wi 
APPARENT NOON, SHEWINC 
which should be shewn by a cl 
its error at any other place in tl 
Equation of Time is the differer 
mean place. The actual inten 
the length of successive solar d 
.he earth in different parts of it 
parts of the ecliptic to the equal 
vvhich varies every day, a clocl 
a!l the days. In other words, j 
a motion exactly equal to the 
twelve o clock by the real Sun, 
Sun and the mean or imaginary 
March, the loth of June, the ] 
between them, or the Equation 


X will not be visible during 1849. 

ig and jLeuglh of the Seasons. 

d. A. m. 
Winter begins), 1848, December 21 4 
Spring li ), 1849, March 20 513] 
Summer " ) , 1849, June 21 2 8 1 Greenwich 
Autumn " ), 1849, September22 16 3 [Mean Time. 
Winter " ), 1849, December 21 9 42 J 
<L A. m. 
nter si^ns 89 1 10 


i ng 922058 


nmer 93 1 3 55 


t umn 89 17 39 


e Equator Spring and Summer . .. 186 10 53 


ie Equator, Winter and Autumn. . . .178 18 49 

of the Articles in the Calendar. 

koned from the first of January, is useful for ascertaining the 
iven dates. 
-The mean time of the Sun rising and setting is given for every 
and for every tenth day for Quebec, Halifax, arid Fredericton* 
termediate day, enter the table of Semi-diurnal Arcs (page 30)., 
latday, the value given, substracted from, or addded TO, the 
11 give the hour of rising or setting. 
5 THE EQUATION OF TIME. This column contains the honr 
ock or watch at Toronto, when a Sun-dial marks twelve o clock, 
ie British Provinces will rarely amount to one second. The 
ice in time between the real place of the Sun, and its supposed or 
^al between the successive arrivals of the Sun on the meridian, or 
iys. is variable, owing to the different rapidity of the motion of 
5 orbit, and to the difference in the inclination of the successive 
or. But, as time-keepers cannot be made to measure an interval 
c or watch is made to mark twenty-four hours in the average of 
t is made to keep pace with an imaginary or mean Sun, having 
average motion of the real or apparent Sun. Hence, when it is 
it may be before or after twelve by the mean Sun. The true 
Sun coincide four times in each year, viz., about the loth of 
st of September, and the 24th of December. The difference 
of Time, is never more than sixteen minutes. A Sun-dial gives 



SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 



apparent time, and the equation of lime must be applied before setting a watch by it, whatever 
be the hour of the day. 

THE SUN S DECLINATION is given for mean noon at Toronto, for every day: the difference 
for mean noon for any other place in the British Provinces, will rarely amount to one minute. 

THE MOON S AGE is given for mean noon at Toronto. 

THE MOON S RISING OR SETTING is given for every day at Montreal and Toronto : the time 
of rising being given when she sets during daylight; and the time of setting, when she rises} 
during daylight. The time given for Montreal will never be more than four minutes in error j 
for Halifax, three minutes in error for Fredericton, and five minutes in error for Quebec ; and itj 
is, therefore, near enough for ordinary reference at those places. 

THE MOON S DECLINATION, when on the meridian at Toronto, is given for every day. 

TWILIGHT begins in the morning, when the Sun is about eighteen degrees below the horizon, 
and ends in the evening, when it is eighteen degrees beyond it. The mean time of beginning and 
ending is given for every tenth day. 

THE PLANETS. The hour of meridian passage, right ascension and declination of each of the 
IPIanets, is given for the 1st and 15th of each month, (m signifies morning.) 

THE POLE STAR. The time when the Pole Star is on the meridian, is given for the loth of! 
each month, being the hour when it is due north. U. signifies Upper Culmination L. signifies! 
Lower Culmination. The greatest elongation of the Pole Star from the meridian, varies withj 
the latitude of the place : it is about 2 4 at Toronto, 2 8 -5 at Montreal, increasing at the ratej 
of about 1 .5 for every degree of latitude between 40 and 50. To find the hour when it is on! 
the meridian on any other date, multiply 3m. 55. 9s by the interval in days, add the product, 
if for a date before the loth ; subtract it, if for a date after the 15th. 

ECLIPSES OF JUPITER S SATELLITES, visible in Canada, are given. A telescope with a 
magnifying power of forty, is sufficient for observing these phenomena. 

SEMI-DIURNAL ARCS. This table is useful for determining the times of rising and setting of\ 
the heavenly bodies. Enter the table with the declination of the object : under the proper 
column for the locality will be found half the time which the object remains above the horizon, 
which is to be subtracted from the time of its meridian passage, il the time of rising is required, 
tor added, for the time of setting. 

Example. Required the time of rising for the Planet Jupiter, at Montreal, June 1st, 1849. 
Declination of Jupiter, 17 N. h. m. 

Corresponding to which we find the semi-diurnal arc 7126 

Jupiter on meridian 4 36 7 

Jupiter rises 9 24 2m 

METEOROLOGICAL. On the first page of each month is given, the approximate mean value 
of the principal Meteorological elements for Toronto, Upper Canada, arid Greenwich, England. 
To which are added certain values for Nicolet, on Lake St. Peters, in Lower Canada. 

The data for Toronto are derived from the records of Her Majesty s Magnetical Observatory, 
for eight years, 1840-1847, inclusive, by permission of the Director, and are the means by 
observations made every 2 hours, from 1st January, 1840, to 30th June, 1842, and every hour from 
1st July, 1842, to 31st December, 1847. The data for Greenwich are derived from the published 
records of the Royal Observatory, for four years, 1840 to!843, andarethe means by observations: 
made every 2 hours. It should be remarked that the quantity of rain which falls at Greenwich: 
appears to be less than the average for all England. The average at sixteen stations in 1845J 
was 31.6 in. ; at Toronto the average is 36.1 inches. The mean temperature for Nicolet, in Lati 
tude 46 14 , Longitude 72 19 , are derived from the register of the Rev. Francois Desauniers, 
or nine years, 1838-1846, published in the British jlmerican Journal of Medical and Physical: 
Science, vol. III. ; but as the observations were made at 6 A. M., and 3 p. M. only, they are 
above the mean of the 24 hours to the amount of about 0.7. 

We would gladly extend the interest of the Meteorological Table, by adding the particulars! 
for Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and the Island of Newfoundland, if in possession of authentic 
materials. 

Variation of the Compass. 

FROM THE RECORDS OF II. M. MAGNETIC OBSERVATORY. 

The mean variation at Toronto, for the year 1847 was 1 36 west (nearly) ; it increases 
about 3 every year. The variation undergoes a daily change, being least from 7 to 8, A.M., and 
greatest from 1 to 2, P.M. The difference between the values at 8 A.M., and 2 P.M. in the seve 
ral months, by the average of eight years (1840 to 1847) is as follows : 



January, 5.4 

February, 5.8 

March, 9.6 



April, . 
May, . 
June, 



.10.5 
.11.3 
.12.0 



July, 12.3 

August, 13.2 

September, .... 9.0 



October, 7.0 

November, 6.1 

December, 4.4 



The variation is least liable to fluctuations in the afternoon ; it is near its mean value at 10 
X.M., and 6 to 7 P.M. 

Inclination or Dip of the Needle at Toronto, 1847, 75 15 .3 N 

Horizontal intensity in absolute measure, 1847, 3.5285. 



6.] 



JANUARY HAS THIRTY-ONE DAYS. 



[1849. 



FARMERS AND GARDENERS CALENDAR. 

FARMING operations during this month are almost exclusively confined to the barn, farm- 
jyard, and workshop. If at a convenient distance from a town, and roads permitting, manures 
of various descriptions may be procured, such as fresh stable manure, lime, gypsum, refuse oJ 
various manufactories, &c. &c. Grain may be thrashed, produce disposed of, materials for 
fencing prepared, harness and implements mended. Observations respecting the \veather am 
appearance of the crops should be made and recorded. The housing and feeding of cattle par 
ticularly demand the farmers attention at this usually inclement season of the year. It wil 
be found most advantageous to attend to the proper ventilation and cleanliness of stables, stalls 
and sheds for cattle, to observe a strict regularity in the administration of food, both with respect 
to time and quantity. Cattle, during the winter, ought to have access to water several times 
a-day. The food of milch kine should consist, if possible, of sound hay or oat straw, together 
with some sliced succulent root, as Swedes, Jerusalem Artichokes, Mangel Wurtzel, &c. &c. 
They should be milked at regular hours, and as dry as possible, or the quantity will soon be 
considerably diminished ; if in good condition, the milking may be continued until within a 
few days of calving. 

GARDEN operations are almost at a stand still. Apple trees, however, may be carefullj 
pruned with a sharp knife or handsaw ; Pea and Bean rods cut and prepared, Seeds selected, &c 



METEOROLOGICAL, TABLE FOR JANUARY. 



Mean Temperature 

JVlean Highest Temperature. 
Mean Lowest Temperature. 
Mean Elasticity of Vapour. 
Mean Humidity of the Air. . 
Average Quantity of Rain. . 
Average Quantity of Snow. . 



Toronto, 

u. c. 



243 

45.1 

4.3 

0.121 

83 

2.498 In. 
15 In. 



Greenwich, 

England. 



364 

52.6 

17.5 

0.222 

90 

1.52 In 



Nicolet, 
L. C. 



o 
13.3 

184 



Day 

of 

Mon. 



1 
2 

3 

4 
5 
6 
7 
8 
9 

10 
11 
12 
13 
14 
15 
16 
17 
18 
19 
20 
21 
22 
23 
24 
25 
26 
27 
28 
29 
30 
31 



Day 

of 

Week. 



Mon. 
Tues. 
Wed. 
Thur. 
Frid. 
Satur. 
Sun. 
Mon. 
Tues. 
Wed. 
Thur. 
Frid. 
Satur. 
Sun. 
Mon. 
Tues. 
Wed. 
Thur. 
Frid. 
Satur. 
Sun. 
Mon. 
Tues. 
Wed. 
Thur. 
Frid. 
Satur. 
Sun. 
Mon. 
Tues. 
Wed. 



Remarkable Bays, Ac. 



CIRCUMCISION. New Years Day. 
Quarter Sess. and District Court com. 
]) First Quarter 21 min. past 2, A. M. 
Earthquake in Canada, 1663. 
Duke of York died, 1827. 
Epiphany, twelfth day. 
1st Sunday after Epiphany. 
f|D Full Moon 33 min. past 5, P. M. 
Fontenelle died, 1757. 
(llth) Dr. Dwight died, 1817. 
Sir Hans Sloane died, 1753. 
Sir C. Bagot Governor General, 1842. 
Halley died, 1801. 
2nd Sunday after Epiphany. 
General Wolfe born, 1726. 
d Last Quarter 37 min. past 1, A.M. 
Franklin born, 1706. 
Ciudad Rodrigo stormed, 1812. 
James Watt born, 1736. 
U. S. Independ ce acknowledged 1783. 
3rd Sunday after Epiphany. 
Byron born, 1788. 
W. Pitt died, 1806. 
9 New Moon 46 min. past 4, A. M. 
birF.B. Head Lieut. Governor, 1836. 
Dr. Jenner died, 1823. 
Mozart born, 1756. 
4th Sunday after Epiphany. 
George III. died, 1820. 
(31st) Earl of Elgin Gov. Gen. 1847. 
]) First Quarter 26 min. past 11, A. M, 



Memoranda. 



1849.] 



JANUARY BEGINS ON MONDAY. 



MOON S PHASES. 

d. h. m. 
First Quarter, . . 114 21 

Full Moon, 8 5 33 

Last Quarter,... 15 13 37 

New Moon, 23 16 46 

First Quarter, . . 30 23 26 

.Perigee, 6 10 OU 

Apogee, 18 7 00 



Scmidiamcler at Greenwich, Noon. 



Date. 



Of Sun. 



1 

10 
20 
30 



16 17.3 
16 17.1 
16 16.3 
16 15.1 



Of Moon. 
/ ii 

15 46.7 

16 06.7 

14 47,3 

15 57.9 



THE 

PLANETS 



$ Merc. 
? Venus. 
j Mars. 
2(Jupit r 
J? Saturn 
JflUran s 
Neptune. 



1st OF JANUARY. 



Meridian 



Right 

Ascen 
sion. 



Decl. 



h. m. A. m. 
A. Mornjing Stjar. 
An EveSningSt 



i 1 

10 18m|l7 04 
2 53 m| 9 37 



ar. 

S 23 06 



4 41 a 
6 22 a 



23 27 
1 9 



10 
S 5 57 

2V 6 38 



15th OF JANUARY. 



Meridian 



A. 771. 

31 

2 58 a 
10 08m 

1 54m 

3 50 a 
5 28 a 



Right 
Ascen 
sion. 



Decl. 



A. m. j 
20 11 |S 22 12 



22 38 



S 9 56 



|l7 48 S 23 52J 



9 32 
23 31 



A* 15 

S 5 29 



1 9 N 6 42 






Pole Star on the Meridian \M. 5h. 23m. 56s. P. M. U. 



4> 

*-* 
(3 



1 

10 
20 
30 



QDEBEC. 



Sun. 



Rises. 



h. m. 
7 52 
7 50 
7 43 
7 33 



Sets. 



fi. in. 
4 16 
4 26 
4 39 
4 55 



Twilight. 



Begins 

A. M. 



A. 7)1. 

5 55 
5 55 
5 50 
5 43 



Ends 

P. M. 



h. m. 
6 12 
6 21 
6 31 
6 44 



HALIFAX, N. S. 



Rises. 



A. m, 
7 44 

7 42 
7 36 

7 27 



Sets. 



A. m. 
4 24 
4 34 

4 47 

5 01 



Twilight. 



Begins 

A. M, 

A. m. 
5 52 
5 25 
5 48 
5 41 



Ends 

P. M. 



A. m. 
6 16 
6 24 
6 34 
6 46 



FREDERICTON, N. B. 



Sun. 



Rises. 



m. 
48 
47 
40 
31 



Sets. 



A. m. 
4 20 
4 29 
4 42 
4 57 



Twilight. 



Begins 

A. M. 



A. m. 
5 54 
5 54 
5 50 
5 43 



Ends 
p. M. 



A. m. 
6 13 
6 22 
6 32 
6 44 



Day 

of 
Y r. 



D. 

1 
2 
3 
4 
5 
6 
7 
8 
9 

10 
11 
12 
13 
14 
15 
16 
17 
18 
19 
20 
21 
22 
23 
24 
25 
26 
27 
28 
29 



A. m A. m. 
1 4() ! 4 28 



31 



Sun. 



Toronto. Montreal 



Rises Sets. 



404 30 
39 4 31 
394 31 
39 4 33 
394 33 
394 35 
39 1 4 35 
39J4 37 
3814 38 
37|4 39 
37J4 40 
374 41 
374 43 
364 44 
35 ; 4 45 



i bets 



7 3o|4 46 
7 35 14 47 



33J4 49 
324 50 
324 52 



3114 53 
30 4 54 
30J4 56 
7 29J4 57 
7 28 4 58 
274 59 
26;5 01 



m.lft. 

474 
47 



255 03 



307 245 04 



7 235 05 



464 

4614 

46|4 

464 

4614 28 

454 29 

45 4 30 

454 

44 ! 4 

44 14 

434 

434 

42^4 

41 14 

414 

404 

394 



31 
32 
34 
35 
37 
38 
39 
41 
42 
43 



384 44 



46 
47 
48 
50 
52 



38 
37 

36 
354 
34 J 4 
33|4 53 
32J4 54 
31 4 56 
30:4 58 
29J4 59 
28,5 00 



App. Noon 

shewing 

the Eq. of 

Time. 



Sun s 

Declin n 

South. 



ti. m. s. 



I. 



-5 
- o 



D. 



Moon Rises or Sets. 



12 
12 
12 
12 
12 
12 
12 
12 
12 
12 
12 
12 
2 
2 
2 



4 04 



22 58.6 7.0 



4 32|22 53-2 8.0 

5 00 22 47.4; 9.0 
5 2722 41.MO.O 



5 54 

6 20 

6 46 

7 11 



22 34.3i 11.0 
22 27.1 12.0 
22 19.5J13.0 
14.0 
15.0 
16.0 



22 11.4 



7 36 22 02.9 

8 00 21 53.9 



8 24 

8 47 



21 44.5; 17.0 



21 



9 09 21 
9 31 21 



34.718.0 

24.5:19.0 
13.920.0 



9 5221 02.9,21.0 



2 10 13120 51.4220 

2 10 3320 39.623.0 

2 10 52J20 27.4124.0 

2 11 10(20 14.~!25.0 

2 11 2620 01.7,26.0 

11 4519 48.427.0 



2 

2 12 01 

2 12 16 

2 12 31|19 06.1 

2 12 45|18 51.3 

2 12 58 ! 18 36.1 

2 13 I0;i8 20.6 

2 13 21 18 04.8 



2 13 31 
2 13 41 
2 13 50 



19 34.628.0 
19 20.51290 
0.3 
1.3 
2.3 
3.3 
4.3 
5.3 
6.3 



Moon s 
Declin 
ation. |_ 



Toronto. 



A. m. 
57nll 50 a 
5 26 
9 43 
13 29 

16 21 I 
18 11 
18 36 

17 38 
15 27 
12 19 



8 34 
4 29 
21n 
3 41*10 

7 30 11 



Montrea 



11 50 



17 48.7 
17 32.3 



17 155 7.3 



10 54 
3 49 

6 08 

7 45 

8 31 
8 24 

17 21 



15 21 

12 32 

9 00 

4 57 

33s 

3 55 n 

8 13 
12 06 



morn g 



morn g 
35m 



TWILIGHT. 



Toronto. 



J 



/t m 
50 



5 41 



c " 



6 17 



Montreal. 



c j 
* 



A m 

5 53 
5 5-2 

49 i 



A in 
(5 14 
24 
33 



(5 4GJ 5 4l|a 45 



ECLIPSES OF 

Jupiter s Satellites. 

M. T. Grecnw. I rorontc 



d h m s 

G 18 30 21.0 

8 12 58 4 !.! 

151452 11.1 

22 1(5 45 43.7 



24 11 1407.3 551 in; 

2 J 183923.7 13 22 i in 
II. 81133 19.1 C 1(5 in 

13 14 947.2 8. 53 i in 

22 N>4li2:{.olll 21) in 
11.24 12 920.2; (j.Viini 

31 1 7 32.8110 51 im 
V.3022 341.1 1647iii) 



13 13ini 
7 42 ill! 



11 i> in. 



.] 



FEBRUARY HAS TWENTY-EIGHT DAYS. 



[1849. 



FARMERS AND GARDENERS CALENDAR. 

The occupations of the Farmer during this month are similar to those of January. He should 
continue to give attention to the feeding of his cattle, and may derive much profitable informa 
tion by pursuing a certain system relative to the food of milch kine. Let a known quantity of 
Hay and sliced Jerusalem Artichokes be given to one, of Hay and Swedes to another, of Oat 
Straw and Swedes, or Artichokes, to a third ; the ration may be varied according to the number 
of cattle kept, and the food which lies within the reach of the farmer. The quality and quantity 
of the milk given by each cow should be accurately ascertained, as well as the time between 
her becoming dry and calving, and these results carefully registered in the book of experiments. 
If the weather prove very inclement, and little or no snow lie upon the ground, the young Wheat 
plants should be protected by strewing stable litter over them an operation under any circum 
stances attended with benefit, and possibly to the saving of a large portion of the crop from 
being thrown out and winter-killed. After the thaws which sometimes occur during this 
month, the farmer should walk over his fields, and note where the water lies, planning there 
from the course of the drain to be made when the ground is sufficiently thawed to admit of 
being penetrated by the spade or plough. 

At the close of this month Scions for grafting may be procured, and either labelled and placec 
in a dry cellar, or immediately graited upon roots previously collected, and stowed away unti" 
spring opens. 



METEOROLOGICAL, TABLE FOR FEBRUARY. 



Mean Temperature 

Mean Highest Temperature. 
Mean Lowest Temperature. 
Mean Elasticity of Vapour. 
Mean Humidity of the Air. 
Average Quantity of Rain.. 
Average Quantity of Snow . . 



Toronto. 
U. 0. 



24.0 

45.2 

5.2 

0.110 

79 

936 In. 

23.4 In. 



Greenwich, 
England. 



36.8 

52.5 

19.8 

0.222 

91 

1.36 In, 



Nicolet, 
L. C. 



o 
13.3 

17.1 



Day 
of 

Mon 



1 

2 

3 

4 

5 

6 

7 

8 

9 

10 

11 

12 

13 

14 

15 

16 

17 

18 

19 

20 

21 

22 

23 

24 

25 

27 



Day 

of 
Week. 



Thur. 
Frid. 
Satur. 



Mon. 

Tues. 

Wed. 

Thur. 

Frid. 

Salur. 

Sun. 

Mon. 

Tues. 

Wed. 

Thur. 

Frid. 

Satur. 



Mon. 
Tues. 
Wed. 
Tbur. 

Frid. 

Satur. 

S am. 

Mon. 
Tues. 
Wed. 



Remarkable Days, &c. 



Battle of Brieone, 1814. 

Candlemas. 

Spanish Inquisition abolished, 1813. 

Sepluagesima. 

Hilary Term begins. 

District Councils meet. Full Moon 

1 min. before H, A.M. 
Battle of Eylau, 1807. 
Canada ceded to Great Britain, 1763. 
Queen Victoria married, 1840. 
Sexagesima. 

Lady Jane Grey beheaded, 1554. 
(14th) St. Valentine. 
d Last Quart. 15 min. before 11 3 P.M. 
b ieschi guillotined, 1836. 
Melaaacthon born, 1497. 
Hilary Term ends. 
Quinquagesima. 
Galileo born, 1564. 
Shrove Tuesday, 
dsfi Wednesday. 

^ New Moon 13 min. past 8, P.M. 
Sir J. Reynolds died, 1792. 
Handel born, 1684. 
1st Sunday inLcnt. France proclaimed 

a Republic, 1848. 

Sir J. Colborne Administrator, 1838. 
Montaigne born, 1533. 



Memoranda. 



149.J 



FEBRUARY BEGINS ON THURSDAY. 



MOON S PHASES. 

d. h. m. 

Full Moon, 5 17 59 

Last Quarter, ... 14 10 45 

New Moon, 22 8 13 

Perigee, 3 4 00 

Apogee, 15 2 00 

Perigee 28 12 00 



Semidiametcr at Greenwich, Noon. 



Date. 



1 

10 

20 
28 



Of Sun. 



16 14.8 
16 13.3 
11.2 
9.4 



16 
16 



Of Moon. 



16 09.4 
15 22.8 
13.1 
7.4 



15 
16 



THE 
PLANETS 



$ Merc. 
? Venus. 
$ Mars. 
If Jupit r 
1? Saturn 
J^Uran s 
Neptune. 



1st OF FEBRUARY. 15th OF FEBRUARY. 



.Meridian 



/(. m. 

An Eve 

An Eve 

11 51m 

38m 

2 49 a 

4 23 a 



Right 



Decl. jMeridian 



h. 7/i. I 
ningSrar. 
ningSt ar. 



18 43 
9 23 

23 36 
1 11 



k. m. 
1 04 a 
3 03 a 



23 42; 9 46m 
2V16 2011 32 a 



S 

\ 



4 48 
6 5] 



59 a 
30 a 



Right 

Ascen 
sion. 



h. in. 

22 47 

45 
19 28 

9 16 

23 42 

1 13 



Decl. 



S 4 53 
S 5 47 
S 22 40 
IV 16 55 
-S 4 
N 7 



10 
3 



Pole Star on the Meridian lod. 3h. 23m. 37s. A. M. L. 



CS 

Q 



1 

10 

20 
28 



QUEBEC. 



Sun. 



Rises. 



k. m. 
7 30 
7 18 
7 1 
6 46 



Sets. 



h. m. 

4 58 

5 12 
5 27 
5 40 



Twilight. 



Begins 



h. m. 
5 41 
5 30 
5 16 
5 



Ends 



h. in. 
6 47 

6 59 

7 12 
7 25 



HALIFAX, N. S. 



Rises. Sets 



h. m. 
7 25 
7 13 
6 58 
6 44 



h. m. 
5 3 
5" 16 
5 30 

5 42 



Twilight. 



Begins 

A. M. 



Ends 

P. M. 



h. m. 
5 39 
5 30 
5 16 
5 2 



h. m. 
6 48 

6 59 

7 12 
7 23 



FREDERICTON, N. B. 



Sun. 



Rises. 



h. m. 
7 29 
7 16 
7 
6 45 



Sets. 



a. m. 

4 59 

5 14 
5 28 
5 41 



Day 

of 

Y r. 



D. 



32 
33 
34 
35 
36 
37 
38 
39 
40 
41 7 



Sun. 



Toronto. 



Rises) Sets. 
li. in. 



h. m. 
5 6 
7 
9 

10 
12 
13 



Montreal. 



Rises 



h.m. 



Sets. 



k. m. 



275 1 

265 2 

245 4 

225 6 

215 7 

205 8 



5 147 195 10 



App. Noon! 
shewing j Sun s 
theEq. of Decl in n 



Time. 



South. 



h. m. s. 

12 13 58 16 58.4 



12 

12 
12 



14 
14 
14 



5116 41.1 



16 23.4 
16 05.5 



42 
43 
44 
45 
46 
47 
48 
49 
50 
51 
52 
53 
54 
55 
56 
57 
58 
59 



13j5 

12 

11 

09 

08 



167 

18 

19 

21 

22 



03 
02 

00 
59 

6 57 
6 56 
6 55 
6 53 
6 52 
6 50 
6 48 
6 46 



07|5 23i7 
247 
257 
267 
287 
297 
31 7 



18 

165 

145 

13J5 

125 

105 

085 

075 

05 5 



12J12 
1412 



12 14 21115 47.3 
12 14 25115 28.8 
12 14 28|15 10.1 



14 30J14 51.1 
14 31114 31.8 



Twilight. 



Begins 

A. M. 



h. m. 
5 41 
5 30 
5 16 
5 1 



Ends 

P. M. 



h. m. 
6 47 

6 59 

7 12 

7 25 



Moon s 
Declin 
ation. 



1512 14 32J14 12.3 
1712 14 32:13 52.6 
1812 14 3113 32.7 
1912 14 2913 J2.5 
2012 14 27! 12 52.1 



D. 

8.3 
9.3 
10.3 
11.3 
12.3 
13.3 
14.3 
15.3 
16.3 
17.3 
18.3 
19.3 
20.3 
21.3 



21J12 14 2412 31.5(22,3 
2312 14 2012 10.723.3 



25 
26 



0015 28 



5 32 6 59 
5 33 6 58 



5 356 565 32 



5 36J6 54 
5 37J6 52 
5 38>6 51 



29 
30 



5 33 
5 34 
5 36 



5 40,6 495 38 
5 39 
5 41 



6 44,5 42:6 47 
6 43;5 43 6 45 



12 14 J611 49.7 
12 14 1011 28.5 
12 14 511 07.2 
12 13 58 10 45.7 
12 13 51 10 24.0 
12 13 4310 024 



12 
12 



13 35 
13 26 



12 13 16 



12 
12 



13 06 
12 55 



12 12 44: 7 



40.1 
17.9 
55.6 
33.2 
10.7 
48.0 



24.3 
25.3 
26.3 
27.3 
28.3 
29.3 
0.6 
1.6 
2.6 
3.6 
4.6 
5.6 



15 1772 

17 29 

18 29 
18 15 

16 38 

14 01 
10 35 

6 37 
2 26n 

1 44s 

5 44 
9 22 

12 33 

15 09 

17 04 

18 12 
18 29 
17 51 

16 16 

13 47 
10 30 

6 

6 33 

2 11s 
2 21n 
6 50 

10 56 

14 20 



Moon Rises or Sets. 



Toronto. 



Sets. 



Montreal 



h. m. 

1 05m 

2 13 

3 18 

4 19 

5 15 
Rises. 

6 06 a 

7 13 

8 17 

9 19 

10 20 

11 18 

17m 



1 13 

2 08 

3 00 

3 50 

4 37 

5 23 

6 03 
Sets. 

6 25 a 

7 32 

8 39 

9 48 
10 56 



h. m. 

1 08m 

2 17 

3 23 

4 24 

5 20 
Rises. 

6 07 a 

7 11 

8 16 

9 22 

10 22 

11 20 

20m 
I 17 

2 13 

3 06 

3 56 

4 43 

5 27 

6 06 
Sets. 

6 23 a 

7 31 

8 40 

9 50 
11 00 



TWILIGHT. 



Toronto. 



k. m. 
5 39 

.-, at 
5 u 
5 l 



h. TO. 
li 4- 
(i 59 
7 11 

7 -23 



Montreal. 



. !. m. 
5 43 

5 30 

5 16 
5 



| S 
W * 



h. m. 

6 43 
(i 59 

7 12 
7 23 



ECLIPSES OP 

Jupiter s Satellites. 



M. T. Greenw. 

d. h. m. s. 

7 17 16 50.0 

9 11 45 lO. J 
14 19 10 48.7 
Hi 13 39 W.-2 
231333:17.7 

9 14 10 43.8 
l(i Iti 4T 37.7 
Iti -2D 50 52.8 



1. 



II. 



IV. 



Toronto 
h. m. 

12 00 cm 
(5 28 em 

13 54 em, 
8 -22 em, 

10 10 cm 

8 54 em, 

1131 em. 

15 34 ein. 



110.] 



MARCH HAS THIRTY ONE DAYS. 



[I 49 



ND <KAR1ENEUS CALENDAR. 

During this Month, working cattle and horses should be more particularly attended to, i 
order to bring them into good condition for Spring operations. Ail necessaiy farming imple 
ments ought now to be looked after and prepared for immediate use. Calves should be allowe 
to suck for a few days, and then taught to drink, a little warm water being added to the milk 
At about a month old, Calves should be served with chopped hay, mixed with some succulen 
roots cut into small pieces, and as the season advances, treated with clover and grass. Clove 
Seed may be sown with advantage at the close of this month upon the snow : the process o 
alternate thawing and freezing will gradually work it into the soil. The farmer should agair 
walk over his fields, and note well the spots where the water lies. A single furrow, judicious 
ly made, at the commencement of Spring, may be the means of greatly increasing the valu 
of the crop. 

THE GARDEN, at the close of this month, begins to attract the Farmer s attention. Rasp 
berry and Gooseberry trees may be pruned ; manure laid upon the asparagus beds, to be dug 
in at the first opportunity. Seeds selected for the vegetable garden, hotbeds made for forcing 
early cabbages, tomatoes, &c. &c. Onion may be sown with advantage upon the snow, graft 
ing plasters prepared by melting together one part of bee s-wax, two parts of rosin, and one 
part tallow, and spreading the mixture upon strong brown paper. 



ITIG rEOKOa,OGICAL 1 TABLE FOR MARCH. 



Mean Temperature 

Mean Highest Temperature 
Mean Lowest Temperature 
Mean Elasticity of Vapour 
Mean Humidity of the Air 
Average Quantity of Rain , 
Average Quantity of Snow. 



Toronto, 
U.C. 



30.7 

53.2 

5.3 

0.142 

79 

1.696 In. 
9.8 In 



Greenwich, 
England. 



43.9 

62.8 

27. 5 

0.2.37 

86 

1.39 In. 



Nicolet, 
L. C. 



27.2 

46.8 

9.0 



Day 

of 

Won. 



7 
8 
9 

10 
11 
12 
13 
14 
15 
16 
17 
18 
19 
20 
21 
22 
23 
24 
25 
26 
27 
28 
29 
30 
31 



Thur. 

Frid. 

Satur. 



Mon. 

Tues. 

Wed. 

Thur. 

Frid. 

Satur. 

Sun. 

Mon. 

Tues. 

Wed. 

Thur. 

Frid. 

Satur. 

Sun. 

Mon. 

Tues. 

Wed. 

Thur. 

Frid. , 

Satur. 

Sun. 

Mon. 

Tues. 

Wed. 

Thur. 

Frid. 

Satur. 



Remarkable Days, &c. 



D First Quarter 14 min. before 7, P.M. 

Wesley died, 1791. 

Battle of Point-au-Pelee, 1838. 

2nd Sunday in Lent. 

Corregio died, 1534. 

York changed to Toronto, 1834. 

William III. died, 1702. 

fj$ Full Moon 15 min. before 8, P. M. 

Arnericus Vespucius born, 1451. 

Botany Bay discovered, 1787. 

3rd Sunday in Lent. 

(13th) Planet Herschel discov d, 1781. 

Planet Uranus discovered, 1781. 

York constituted a .Vlark t town, 1814. 

Cornwallis defeated the Amer. 1781. 

d Last Quarter 22 min. past 7, P.M. 
St. Patrick s Day. 
4th Sunday in Lent. Sir R. Walpole 

died, 1745. 
Newton died, 1727. 
Kuke White born, 1785. 
Goethe died, 1832. 

Sir G. Arthur Lieut. Governor, 1838. 
$ New Moon 1 1 min. before 9, A.M. 
blfi Sunday in Lent. 
Bank of England incorporated, 1694. 
Peace of Amiens, 1802. 
Planet Pallas discovered, 1802. 
Sir R. Abercrombie died, 1801. 
Lord Melcalfe Gov. General, 1843. 

D First Quart. 19 min. before 2, A.M. 



memoranda. 



149.] 



MARCH BEGINS ON THURSDAY. 



[11. 



MOON S PHASES. 

d. h. m. 
]) First Quarter,... 1 6 46 

G Full Moon, -8 7 45 

<[ Last Quarter, ... 16 7 22 

9 New Moon. 23 20 49 

D First Quarter,... 30 13 41 

C Apogee, 14 23 00 

d Perigee, 26 18 00 



Semidiameter at Greenwich, Jiuuu. 



Date. 



Of Sun. 



1 

10 

20 
30 



16 
16 
16 
16 



9.1 
6.8 
4.1 
1.3 



Of Moon. 



16 7.7 
15 15.9 

15 17.8 

16 7.7 



THE 

PLANETS 



1st OF MARCH. 



.Meridian 



Rislit 

Asceti- 



Merc. 
? Venus 
$ Mars. 
If Jupit r 
T? Saturn 
jl Uran s 
.\eptune. 



A. m. I A. m. 
A Morn;ing Si 
An Eve ningSl 
9 36rrr20 J3 
10 30 a! 9 9 

1 10 a 23 48 

2 36 a! 1 15 



Decl. 



ar. 
ar. 

S2Q 52 
N17 25 
S 3 30 
A* 7 17 



15th OF MARCH. 



.Meridian 



h. m. 
11 31m 
2 55 a 
9 24m 
9 30 a 

22 a 

1 44 a 



Riu lH 
Ascen 
sion. 



h. m 

22 03 
2 28 

20 57 
9 40 

23 55 
1 17 



Dec!. 



Sll 55 

A r l8 26 
SIS 21 
A* 17 47 
S 2 49 
y 7 33 



Pole Star on the Meridian locL Ih. 33m. 18s. A. M. L. 



I 

10 
20 
30 



QUEBEC. 



Sun. 



Rises. 



ft. m. 
6 45 
6 27 
6 8 
5 46 



Sets. 



h. m. 
5 41 

5 53 

6 8 
6 22 



Twilight. 



Begins 

A. M. 



h. m. 
4 58 
4 41 
4 20 
3 58 



Ends 

P. M. 



h. m. 
7 27 
7 40 

7 55 

8 11 



HALIFAX, N. S. 



Sun. 



Rises. 



h. m. 
6 42 
6 27 
6 8 

5 48 



Seta. 



h. m. 
5 44 

5 55 

6 8 
6 21 



Twilight. 



Begins 

A. M. 



h. m. 
5 
4 44 
4 24 
4 4 



Ends 

P. M. 



A. m. 
7 25 
7 37 

7 51 

8 5 



FREDERICTON, N. B. 



Sun. 



Rises. Sets. 



Twilight. 



Begins 



h. m. 
6 44 
6 27 
6 8 

5 46 



k. m. 
5 42 

5 53 

6 8 
6 22 



h. m. 
4 59 
4 42 
4 21 
4 00 



Ends 
p. >i. 



771. 

26 

39 

54 

9 



Sun. 


App. Noon 
shewing 
the Eq. of 
Time. 


Toronto. - Montreal. 


Rises Sets. Rises) Sets. 


h.m. h. m.h, m. 


h.m. 


h. m. s. 


6 425 446 44 


5 42 


12 12 32 


6 395 456 41 
6 385 466 39 


5 43 
5 45 


12 12 20 
12 07 00 


6 36|5 486 38 


5 46 


12 11 53 


6 345 49 : 6 36 
6 325 506 33 


5 48 
5 49 


12 11 39 
12 11 25 


6 31 5 516 32 


5 50 


12 11 10 


6 295 53!6 305 52 
6 275 54;6 29J5 53 
6 25;5 55]6 2615 54 
6 235 57|6 24!5 56 


12 10 55 
12 10 40 
12 10 24 
12 10 08 


6 22 : 5 58 ;6 235 57 


12 09 52 


6 205 59 6 21 


5 58 


12 9 35 


6 18 ; 6 006 195 59 
6 17J6 01 6 176 01 
6 15-6 026 1516 02 


12 9 18 
12 9 1 
12 8 43 



>ay 

of 
iT r- 



61 



70 

71 

72 

7:-; 

71 

75 

766 136 036 136 03 

776 11 6 056 116 05 

786 1016 066 1016 06 

79 6 076 076 08:6 07 

80 6 06|6 08 6 06 6 08 

81 6 046 106 046 10 
82;6 036 116 036 11 
836 006 125 006 12 
845 59i6 136 586 14 
855 586 145 57j6 15 
865 556 155 546 16 
87,5 536 175 526 18 
885 52|6 185 51 



Sun s 



^ 



florin. 



D. 
6.6 

7.6 
8.6 
9.6 



5 506 195 49 



6 19 
6 20 



90 5 48|6 20 5 46 6 22 



12 
12 
12 
12 
12 
12 
L2 



8 26 
8 

50 
32 
14 
56i 



38 



12 6 19 



12 
12 
12 
12 



7 25.2 
7 2.3 
6 39.4 
6 16.3 
5 53.1 106 
5 29.911.6 
5 6.612.6 
4 43.213.6 
4 19.814.6 
3 5b.3 15.6 
3 32.816.6 
3 9.217.6 
2 45.618.6 
2 21.919.6 
1 58.320.6 
1 34.621.6 
1 10.922.6 
47.223.6 
23.524.6 
00.225.6 
23.926.6 

47.627.6 

1 11.228.6 
1 34.829.6 
1 58.4 1.1 



Moon Rises or Sets. 



Moon s 
Declin 
ation. 



17 
15 



Toronto. 



Montreal 



Sets. 



42 2 21.9 2.1 



24i 
15! 



12 4 47 



12 
12 



2 45.4 3.1 

3 8.8 41 
3 32.2 5.1 

3 55.51 6.1 

4 18.7. 7.1 



16 5ln 
18 14 
18 24 
20 
10 
12 07 
8 25 
4 20 
09n 

3 58s 

7 49 

11 15 

14 08 

16 21 

17 50 

18 29 
18 15 

17 06 

15 02 

12 07 

8 28 

4 13s 

6 
23n 

5 04 

9 29 

13 18 

16 13 

18 00 
18 33 

17 51 



A. m. 

03m 

1 10 

2 12 

3 09 

4 00 

4 45 

5 24 
Rises. 

7 03 a 

8 04 

9 05 

10 04 

11 01 
11 58 
morn g. 

50m 

1 42 

2 30 

3 15 

3 56 

4 35 

5 11 
Sets. 

6 22 a 

7 31 

8 44 

9 55 
11 02 
morn g. 

06m 

1 05 



/(.. 711. 

08m 

1 15 

2 17 

3 14 

4 05 

4 49 

5 27 



Rises. 

7 03 a 

8 06 

9 0? 

10 07 

11 05 



55 

1 47 

2 35 



20 
00 
39 
12 
Sets. 

6 22 a 

7 33 

8 47 
9 57 
11 07 
morn g. 

12m 

1 11 



TWILIGHT. 



Toronto. 






Montreal. 



h. m. h. m. h. rti. 
J 5!) 
I 4 42 
4 

14 "l 



5 9 I 7 17 
4 47 i 7 36 
4 26 7 49 

782 



h.m. 
7 26 

7 38 
7 53 

7 



ECLIPSES OF 

Jupiter s Satellites. 



M. T. Ureeiiw., Toronto, 



[I. 



III. 



d. k. m. s. I h, 
9 19 fi 07.7 14 
11 i:!;W-|:3.!) 
1(521 163 a .- 15 
18 154.) 10.5 1(1 
25 17 39 55.0; 12 
13 n,->73!.:! 8 
20 Ki 34 32.21 11 
27 19 1126.?! 13 
S 151125.:! 10 



15 19 33 41.5 

22 in 59 1 1.1 

IV. 5 14 51 53.1 



m. 

05 era. 
3J era. 
50 era. 
28 em, 
23 em, 

41 em 
18 em. 
54 era, 
17 em, 
17 era, 

42 ira. 
35 em, 



12.] 



APRIL HAS THIRTY DAYS. 



[1S40 



FARMERS AN OARI)ENERS> CALENDAR. 

About the middle of April the regular work of the Farmer frequently commences in Canada. 
His first care ought to be the removal of the surface water from his (ield.s. The greater attention 
he has given to the draining of his land, the sooner will he be enabled (o prepare the soil for the 
seed, and the more rapid will be the growth of the vegetables he desires to cultivate. If, upon 
icareful examination, he discover much of his Wheat thrown out, as soon as the soil permits, he 
(should roll it. Spring Wheat, Oats and Barley may frequently be sown about the middle of the 
month, Peas and eaily Potatoes at the closp, but before the farmer decides which field he will 
jdevote to Wheat, or Oats, or Barley, let him remember the vast benefits to be derived from a 
j proper rotation of crops, and not be alone guided by what was grown upon his land during the 
ipast year, but also by what he intends to sow during the next two or three years A propei 
[rotation is of incalculable value, and by attaching due importance to green crops, and especially 
iroot crops, he will be enabled to vary his rotation advantageously, and at the same time provide 



a suitable 


supply of food for his cattle during the succeeding winter. 


THE KITCHEN GARDEN demands particular attention at the close of this month. The soil 


round young fruit trees should be loosened, beds prepared for various vegetables; and if the 


season is sufficiently advanced, radishes, turnips, early potatoes, onions, beans, peas, spinach. 


&c., sown 




DIETEOROLOGICAL TABLE FOR APRIL. 






Toronto, Greenwich, Nicolet, 






U. C. England. L. C. 




Mean Temperature 


o o o 
42.3 47.7 39.5 




Mean Highest Temperature 


72.7 74.0 62.7 






17.4 30.1 




Mean Elasticity of Vapour 


0.206 0.2*4 




Me 3 " Hiimirlitv nf thp Air . 


73 81 




Av 




2.586 In. 1.062 In. 






Av 




1.4 In. 








12 






3av 


Day 




of 


of 


Remarkable Rays, &c. 


Memoranda. 


Mon. 


Week. 






1 


Sun. 


Palm Sunday. 




2 


Mon. 


Battle of Copenhagen, 1801. 




3 


Tues. 


Quarter Sess. and District Court com. 




, 4 


Wed. 


0. Goldsmith died, 1774. 




5 


Thur. 


Stow died, 1605. 




6 


Frid. 


Good Friday. 




7 


Satur. 


Full Moon 32 min. past 10, A. M. 




8 


Sun. 


Easter Sunday. 




9 


Mon. 


Lord Bacon died, 1626. 




10 


Tues. 


Niagara and Midland Assizes begin. 




11 


Wed. 


Coronation of William and Maiy, 1 689. 




12 


Thur. 


Dr. Young died, 1765. 




13 


Frid. 


Handel died, 1759. 




14 


Satur. 


[ter 9 min. before 2, P. M. 




15 




11. 


1st Sunday aft* Easter, d Last Quar- 




16 


Mon. 


Buffon died, 1788. 




17 


Tues. 


Brock s Monument destroyed, 1840. 




18 


Wed. 


First Newspaper in America, 1704. 




19 


Thur. 


Johnstown Assizes begin. 




20 


Frid. 


Abernethy died, 1831. 




21 


Satur. 


[Moon 37 min. past 6, P.M. 




22 


Sun. 


2nd Sunday after Easter. New 




23 


Mon. 


St. George s Day. 




24 


Tues. 


Bank of England founded, 1694. 




25 


Wed. 


Eastern and Gore Assizes begin. 




26 


Thur. 


Bruce, the traveller, died, 1794. [1749. 




27 


Frid. 


3750 families immig d into N. Scotia, 




28 


Satur. 


[Quarter 9 A. M. 




29 


Sun. 


3ri Sunday after Easter. J) First 




30 


Mon. 


Washington first Pres. of U. S. 1789. 





1S40.] 



APRIL BEGINS ON SUNDAY. 



[13. 



MOON S PHASES. 
d. k. m. 

flj> Full Moon, 6 22 32 

<{ Last Quarter, 15 i 51 

New Moon, 22 6 37 

D First Quarter,. 28 21 00 

<I Apogee, 11 17 

C Perigee, 23 17 



Semidiameter at Greenwich, Mean Noon 



Date. 



Of Sun. 



1 

10 

20 
30 



16 0.8 
15 58.4 
15 55.6 
15 53.2 



Of Moon. 



15 53.5 

14 48.8 

16 01. 1 

15 40.9 



THE 
PLANETS 



$ Merc. 
? Venus, 
j Mars. 
z|Jupit r 
7 Saturn 



^Neptune. 



1st APEIL. 



Meridian 

h. m. 

10 32m 
2 39 a 
9 09m 
8 20 a 

11 22m 
41 a 



Eight 
Ascen 
sion. 



h. m. 
23 12 

3 19 
21 49 

9 01 

02 

1 21 



Decl. 



S 1 37 
JV23 37 
S14 31 
.VI 8 00 
S 1 
2V 7 



59 
54 



15th APRIL. 



Meridian 



Riglit 
Ascen 
sion. 



Decl. 



h. m. 

A Morn 

An Eve 

8 55m 

7 25 a 

10 34m 

11 49m 



h.m. j 

ing Star. 

ning Star. 

22 30 S 10 51* 
9 01 M7 59J 
09 S 1 20* 



1 24 



N 8 



Pole Star on the Meridian on the 15th, 11 A. 27?n. 27s. L. 



C3 

Q 



QUEBEC. 



HALIFAX. N. S. 



Rises. Sets 



1 

10 
20 
SO 



k. m. 
5 44 

5 27 

5 oy 

4 51 



h. m. 
6 24 
6 35 

6 49 

7 03 



Twilight. 



Sun. 



Begins 



h. m. 
3 52 
3 31 

3 06 

2 42 



Ends 



Rises. 



h. m. 
8 15 
8 32 

8 50 

9 12 



A. m. 
5 46 
5 29 
5 12 
4 56 



Sets. 



Twilight. 



Begins Ends 
A. M. T. M. 



A. m. 
6 22 
6 33 
6 46 

6 58 



h, m. 
3 57 
3 39 
3 17 

2 55 



k. m. 
8 9 
8 23 
8 40 
8 59 



FREDERICTON, N. B. 



Sun. 



Rises. 



A. m. 
5 45 
5 28 
5 10 
4 53 



Sets. 



A. m. 
6 23 
6 34 

6 48 

7 01 



Twilight. 



Begins 

A. M. 



A. m. 
3 55 
3 34 
3 10 

2 47 



End* 
p. M. . 



A. l. 
8 13, 
8 29 

8 47 

9 7 



Day 

or 

Y r: 



D. 

U! 
92 
03 

94 



Sun. 



Toronto. 



Rises s-ets. 



A. 7/i.j/l. /ft. 



Montreal. 



App. Noon 
shewing 



tilt 1 Kq. of Oeclin n 



iii.-es Sets. I 



Time. 



A. m. A. m. A. m. s. 



5 46J6 225 456 23!12 3 52 

5 45 6 235 44 ! 6 24! 12 3 34 

5 43|6 245 42 6 25! 12 3 16 
5 41 6 25!5 40;6 26J12 



Sun s 



North. 



2 58 



9o 5 396 27i5 38 ; 6 2811 2 2 40 



06 



08 

09 

100 
101 
102 



5 38,6 28 5 36!6 291 12 2 23 

5 36J6 295 34;6 30112 2 5 

5 34J6 305 336 31 1 12 1 48 

5 336 31 !5 31 Xi 3212 1 31 

5 31 6 32|5 296 33il2 1 15 
5 29 



4 41.8 

5 4.9 
5 27.8 

5 50.7 

6 13.4 



D. 

8.1 
9.1 

10.1 
11.1 

12.1 



6 325 296 33il2 

6 33:5 27i6 35il2 58 

5 276 34(5 26|6 36! 12 42 

1035 2516 35:5 246 3742 27 

I04 5 23J6 37 : 5 226 39)12 11 

5 22J6 38!5 206 40,11 59 57 

5 21 6 39:5 186 42H1 59 42 



105 
106 
.107 
108 
109 
110 
111 
112 
113 
tll4 
115 
fll6 
117 
118 
119 
120 



6 36. 1 1 13.1 

6 58.614.1 

7 ai.l 15.1 



7 33 .4 

8 5.6 
8 27.6 

8 49 

9 11.2 
9 32.8 
9 54.3 

10 15.5 



16.1 
17.1 



20.1 
21.1 
22.1 

23.1 



Moon Rises or Sets. 



Moon s 
Declin 
ation. 



16 Oln 
13 16 

9 49 

5 55 

1 46n 

2 23; 

6 21 
9 59 

13 08 

15 40 

17 27 

18 27 
18 35 
17 49 

16 11 
13 40 



Toronto. 



set*. 



h. m 

1 05m 

2 44 

3 23 

3 59 

4 33 

5 04 
Rises. 

7 53 a 

8 51 

9 49 

10 42 

11 35 



Montreal 



A. 771. 

1 llm 

2 49 

3 27 

4 01 

4 34 

5 05 
Rises. 

7 55 a 

8 54 

9 53 

10 48 

11 40 



monrg. morn g, 



5 176 4115 14:6 44 il 59 1410 57.625.1 
5 156 43J5 136 45111 59 00 ;1 18.426.1 
" 146 445 1116 47 * *" ""* * "" n! "" 



5 12:6 4515 9:6 48 



11 58 4711 38.9i27.1 
11 58 3511 59.3|28.1 



5 10,6 46J5 7|6 49 11 5S 23 12 19.5 29.1 

5 9j6 475 6:6 50 11 58 11112 39.5 

76 49,5 46 52|11 58 0012 59.3 

66 5015 36 53111 57 49 13 18.9 

4 6 515 1:6 5511 57 39il3 382 

. 26525 06561157291357.3 ... 

5 l!6 53,4 588 57)11 57 20,14 16.2 57 



5 19|6 40,5 166 43 11 59 27110 36.7[24.l|lO 23 

6 26 

1 58s 

2 44n 

7 25 

0.7|ll 42 

1.7jl5 12 

2.7:17 35 

3.7(18 40 

4.7J18 23 
16 53 

67 14 21 



5 0!6 54:4 56,6 58 
4 59,6 55J4 55:6 59 



11 57 llil 4 34.9 
11 57 3,14 53.3 



7.7 



11 04 



23m 

1 09 

1 51 

2 30 

3 07 

3 40 

4 14 
4 49 
Sets. 



28m 
1 14 

1 56 

2 33 

3 10 

3 43 

4 16 
4 49 
Sets. 



7 34 ai 7 37 a 

8 46 8 51 

9 55 110 00 



10 58 11 

11 54 11 



03 
59 



morn g. Imorn g. 

44m! 49m 

1 25 I 1 29 



TWILIGHT. 



Toronto. 







"5 

K 



h.m. 
4 01 
3 4-2 
3 21 
3 00 



ft. TH. 
8 Oti 
8 2!) 
8 30 
? 54 



Montrea . 



,i. m. 
3 56 
3 3 
3 19 
i 56 



h. u*.- 

,1 11 I 
3 27 
S 38 

8 5P5 



Er:,ir?!:s OF 



Jnpitcr s Satellites, ! 



Ai. T. Grcenw. Toronto, 



d. 

I. 3 

10 
17 

II. 14 
21 

28 

III. 20 

27 

IV. 24 



k. m. s. 

14 3 34.5 

15 58 15.1 
17 53 10.0 
11 10 51.2 
13 43 4.P 
1 1!) 42.4 
13 50 11.0 

11 5ti US..) 

152924.1 
15 55 5S.9 
10 11 53.2 



h. m. 

8 46 em. 

10 41 em. 

12 3G em. 

9 00 em. 
s 2t> <>tn. 

11 (tt i-iu. 

13 39 em. I 
U !iU ir:i 

10 12 em. 
10 30 im. 
10 55 iu 



14. 


MAY HAS THIRTY-ONE DAYS. 


[149. 




FARMERS AIVO GARDENERS 


CALENDAR. 


MAY is decidedly the busiest month of the year to the farmer in Canada. The climate of 


this country does not often permit the important operations of 


sowing and planting to be per- 


formed in 


April. The frost is now, however, out of the ground." The seed of Sugar-beet 


and Mangel Wurtzel which has been previously soared in vvatershould be 


sown ;. the 


sowing of 


Swedes may proceed at once, or be deferred until the first week in June. 


In the middle of the 


month, Indian Corn may be planted in hills, manured with farm-yard manure and wood-ashes. 


Jerusalem Artichokes thrive in any soil, but when once planted, are difficult to 


eradicate. 


Farm-yards ought to be cleaned, and the manure piled in heaps, so that the water draining from 


them may be collected in a tank provided for the purpose, and from time 


to time thrown upon 


a compost heap near at hand. Too much care cannot be taken 


of the contents of the farm-yard 


At the close of the month, gypsum may be sown upon clover and meadow lands. 


THE KITCHEX GARDEN. Sow beans, peas, and plant out 


young cabbages, celery plants, 


&c. raisec 


in the hat-bed Sow turnips, carrots, parsnips, potatoes, radishes, spinach, 


&c. Let 


the beds be kept free from weeds, and attend to the grafting and pruning 


of fruit-trees in the 


early part of the month. If the fly attack the young turnip 


or cabbage plants, strew them 


with the 


refuse lime of the gas-works, or with ashes and soot. At the 


close of the month, 


melons and cucumbers may be transferred from the hotbed to carefully prepared hills. 


ME TEOUOlLOCiSCAL TABLE FOR HIAY. 






Toronto, 


Greenwich, 


Nicolet, 








U.C. 


England. 


L. 0. 






\fpan Tpmnpratnrp 


o 
522 


o 
538 


o 
52.7 






M 


an Highest Temperature 


76.8 


76.1 


73.3 










28.6 


37.2 








Me 




0.285 


0.341 




| 








71 


83 




i f 




Av 




2.9C6 In. 


1.792 In. 










Av 


















Ni"ht Frosts .. 


3 




















Day Llav 




of 


of 


Rema.rka.blc Days, &c. 


M e 111 o ran da . 


I 


Mon. Week. 










1 


Tues. 


Western Assizes begin. 










2 


Wed. Dalhousie Assizes begin. 










3 


Thur. 


Jamaica discovered, 1494. 








4 


Frid. 


Siege ot Quebec raised, 1776. 










5 


Satur. 


Napoleon died, 1821. 










6 


Sun. 


4tfi Sunday after Easter, [m. bef.3 A.M 










7 


Mon. 


Brock Assizes begin. Q Full Moon 10J 








8 


Tues. 


Home and Bathurst Assizes begin. 








9 


Wed. 


Test, and Corporation Actsrep d 1828* 








10 


Thur. 


London Assizes begin. 








11 


Frid. 


Talbot Assizes begin. 










-12 


Satur. 


Battle of Ramilies, 1706. 










13 


Sun. 


Rogation Sunday. 










14 


Mon. 


Vaccination first, tried, 1796. 










15 


Tues. 


d Last Quarter 13 min. past 5, A.M. 










16 


Wed. 


Battle of Aibeura, 1811. 










17 


Thur. 


Ascension Day- 










18 


Frid. 


Huron Assizes begin. 










19 


Satur. 


Sir C. Bagotdied, 1843. 










20 


Sun. 


Sunday after Ascension. Columbusi 








21 


Mon. 


died, 1506. 










22 


Tues. 


$ New Moon 19 min. past 2, A. M. 










23 


Wed. 


Wellington Assizes begin. 










24 


Thur. 


Queen Victoria born, 1819. 










25 


Frid 


, 


Paleydied, 1805. 










26 


Satur. 


Calvin died, 1564. 










27 


.Still. Pentecost. Whit Sunday. 


.28 


Mon 


D, First Quarter 6 ram. past 6, P. M. 








29 


Tues. Princess Sophia Matilda born, 1773- 










,3d 


Wed 


Victoria Assizes begin. 








31 Thur. Dr. Chalmers died, 1847. 



MAY BEGINS ON TUESDAY. 



[15. 



MOON S PHASES. 

d. h. m. 

(U Fnl) Moon, 6 14 50 

d Last Quarter, ... 14 17 13 
e New Moon, .... 21 14 19 
D First Quarter, ... 28 6 6 

<[ Apogee, 9 4 

d Perigee, 22 1 



Semidiameter at Greenwich, Mean Jioun 



Date. 



1 

10 

20 
30 



Of Sun. 



15 53.0 
15 51.0 
15 49.0 
15 47.3 



Of Moon. 



15 30.3 

14 43.3 

16 28.2 

15 6.7 



THE 

PLANETS 



Merc. 



1st OF MAY. 



Right 
Meridian I Ascen 
sion. 



k. m. 
A Morn 



Venus.iAn Eve 



$ Mars. 

14 Jupit r 

Saturn. 

f Uran s 

ISeplune. 



A. m. 
ing Si 
ning St 

8 3Sm23 16 
6 25 a 9 04 

9 37m 15 
10 49m 1 27 



Decl. 



h. m. 



ar. 

ar. 
S 6 
A T 17 

5 
N 8 



15th OF MAY. 



Right 

Meridian Ascen 
sion. 



Decl. 



h. m. h. m. 
An Eve ning St ar. 
ar. 



A Morn ing St 
8 22m i 23 55 
5 35 a 9 09 

8 48m 20 

9 57m 1 30 



S 2 10 
N17 22 
S OS 
N 8 49 



Pole Star on the Meridian on the 15th, 9A. 29m. 42s. L. 



QUEBEC. 



HALIFAX, N. S. 



PREDERICTON, N. B. 



Twilight. 



Sun. 



Twilight. 



Sun. 



Twilight, 



-. 
Q 



Rises. 



1 

10 
20 
30 



h. m. 
4 50 
4 36 
4 25 
4 16 



Sets. 



Begins 
A. M. 



h. m. 
7 04 
7 16 
7 27 
7 38 



A. m. 
2 39 
2 ]7 
1 54 
1 33 



Ends 

] . M. 



h. m. 
9 14 
9 35 
9 59 
10 22 



Rises. 



A.m. 
4 54 
4 42 
4 31 
4 23 



Sets. 



Begins 



A. m. 
1 00 
7 10 
7 21 
7 31 



A.m. 
2 52 
2 40 
2 14 

1 58 



Ends 

P. M. 



h.m. 
9 1 
9 12 
9 38 
9 56 



Rises 

A. m. 
4 52 
4 39 
4 28 
4 18 



Sets. 



A. 7/1. 
7 02 
7 13 

7 24 
7 36 



Begins 

A. M. 

A. m. 
2 44 
2 24 
2 1 
1 41 



Ends 
P. M. 



A. m. 
9 9 
9 29 
9 51 
10 is 



)ay 
of 
V r. 



Sun. 



Toronto. 



Montreal. 



Rises! Sets. Kites Set*. 



A pp. Noon 

shewing 

the Eq. of 

Time. 



4 55 6 59 4 50 : T 04U1 56 41 15 47.1 10.7 

537 0()i4 497 Ooill 56 35 16 4.5 11.7 



D. 

21 
22 

23 
124 

125 4 527 01:4 477 00 

126 4 5U7 0214 457 07 
127 

128 
129 



Sun s 

Declin n 

North. 



, 

< 



8 - 



It. tit. A. /. A. //t. A. m.| A. -/a. s. j U. 

4 576 574 537 01 11 56 5515 11. 5j 8.7 
4 5G 3 58i4 52 ; 7 02111 56 48 15 29.4J 9.7 



131 
132 
.13:. 
T34 
135 
136 
137 
138 
139 
140 
141 
142 
143 
144 

146 

147 
148 
149 

If. ) 
i -1 



4 49 7 03 
4 477 05 



4 4417 08 
4 43 7 09 



11 56 29 
11 56 24 
11 56 20 
11 56 16 



4 467 064 41 7 11 
4 45,7 074 4()7 12 
4 447 084 397 13 
4 437 09 J4 387 14 
4 427 10|4 377 If, 



16 21.6 12.7 
16 38.5|13.7 
16 55.1 14.7 



17 11.4 



11 56 1317 27.5 

11 56 10117 43.2 

11 56 8;17 58.6 

11 56 6:18 13.8 

11 56 5jl8 286 



4 417 11J4 367 1611 56 5 18 43.1 
4 407 12|4 347 1811 56 5(18 57.3 
4 397 134 337 19 
4 387 1414 327 20 
4 377 154 31|7 21 
4 367 164 307 22 



4 35 7 17j4 29 
4 347 IS I 2G 



7 23 

7 24 



11 56 619 11.2 

11 56 719 24.8 
11 56 919 38.0 



Moon Rises or Sets 



Moon s 

Declin- i Toronto 
ation. 



Sets. 



11 56 12|19 51.026.7 
11 56 15 20 3.527.7 
28.7 
0.4 
1.4 
2.4 



11 56 18J20 15.8 



4 337 19i4 27|~ 25J11 56 23^20 27.6 

4 327 2014 ^67 2611 56 2720 39.2 

4 327 224 257 28U1 56 3320 50.4 

4 317 23:4 257 29)11 56 38|21 1.2 

4 307 24.4 247 3.YU 56 4121 14.6 

4 2D7 25 ; 4 2317 31:11 56 51 21 21.8 

4 2!) 7 254 227 32:11 54 5821 31.5 

4 2*7 26 t 21 7 33J11 57 6:21 40.8 

1 -277 274 21 7 33J11 57 1421 49.8 

4 277 27-1 207 34|ll 57 22J2I 08.4 



7 16) 

3 11 
57 

4 59 

8 47 
12 08 
14 56 

17 01 

18 21 
18 50 
18 25 

17 08 
14 59 

12 04 

8 27 
4 17s 
Ion 
4 57 

9 30 

13 30 

6 
16 37 

18 27 
18 51 

3.4 17 50 
4.4115 37 
5 4,12 29 
6.4 8 45 



15.7 
16.7 
17.7 
18.7 
19.7 
20.7 
21.7 
22.7 
23.7 
24.7 
25.7 



7.4 
8.4 
9.4 



4 41 
29n 
3 37s 



A. 7)1. 

2 04m 

2 36 

3 08 

3 38 

4 07 
Rises. 

7 41 i 

8 37 

9 29 

10 20 

11 07 
11 49 
morn !;. 

26m 



1 05 

1 38 

2 11 

2 45 

3 19 
3 55 
Sets 

7 34 a 

8 41 

9 44 

38 

1 25 
norn g. 

05m 

39 

1 12 
1 42 



Montreal 



ti. in. 

2 07m 
2 38 

3 09 

3 37 

4 05 
Rises. 

7 44 

8 41 

9 34 

10 25 

11 12 
11 54 
morn g. 

33m 

1 08 

1 40 

2 13 

2 45 

3 18 
3 54 
Sets. 

7 38 aj 

8 46 

9 49 

43 

1 29 
morn g 

08m 

41 

1 13 
1 42 



TWILIGHT. 



Toronto. 



u .= 
-; tu 
S\ 9 



h. m*li. m. h. m. 
1 - 57 8 54 ! 2 40 



Montreal. 



10 I 2 40 

JO -2 r2 
30 ! 1 08 



9 12 I 

9 30 i 



2 27 
2 06 



9 48 ! 1 49 



h. m 
! 05 

9 4( 
10 06 



ECLITSE3 Of 

Jupiter s Satellites, 



. T. (jreeuw. 
d. h. m. s. 
3 loll 5-2.3 
1-21-2354-2.5 
19 14 30 46.0 
26 10-2551.-; 
I. 16 13 26 51.6 
23 160-244.1 
V. 11 14 57 -M> 



Toroiito. 
/(. m 

10 ~>.~t t m.i 

7 19 em. 
9 14 CHI. 

11 (19 em. 

8 10 em. 
10 46 em. 

40 em. 



FARMERS AJfD GARDENERS CALENDAR. 

No labour should be spared during this month in clearing fields of weeds. The spots where 
the crops appear to have failed ought to be examined, the cause of the failure ascertained if 
possible, and a note made of it iu the memorandum book. Inefficient drainage will probably 
prove to be the source of the evil. Let the root crops be well thinned the young plants ought 
not to be less than ten or twelve inches apart, if Mangel Wurtzel, Sugar Beet or Turnips. 
Swedes and Buckwheat may be sown about the middle of the month. Indian Corn may be 
earthed either by the hoe or with a one-horse plough passing between the rows, and throwing 
the earth upon each side. When the dew is still on the leaf, sow Gypsum. Let the small drains 
from hollows in the fields be kept well open, or the heavy rains of this season may injuriously 
affect the crops if permitted to lodge. The manure heaps in the farm yard require attention: 
they should be covered with a thin coating of earth, mixed with lime or the reluse charcoal ofl 
the blacksmith. The Hay season is fast approaching. Every farmer should procure or make! 
himself a horse-rake; much time, labour and expense will thereby be saved. 

THE KITCHEN GARDEN. Early potatoes may now be earthed, and if side shoots appear 
let them be immediately cut off with the hoe Plant succession beds of cabbages, brocoli, kidney 
beans, lettuces; weed, thin and sow onions; earth up celery, thin spinach, tie up lettuces, earth 
up peas, and sow fresh supplies; loosen the soil round melons and cucumbers, and water th 
former with liquid manure. Destroy weeds as they appear. 



16.] 



JUNE HAS THIRTY DAYS. 



[149. 



METEOROLOGICAL, TABLE FOR JUNE. 



Mean Temperature 

Mean Highest Temperature 
Mean Lowest Tempera! ure. 
Mean Elasticity of Vapour . 
Mean Humidity of the Air. . 
Average Quantity of Rain. . 
Average Quantity of Snow. . 
N T i<rht Frosts. . 



Toronto, 

u. c. 



Greenwich 
England. 



G0.4 

82.5 

35.5 

0.403 

77 

3.571 In. 





59.1 

82.7 

42.8 
0.407 
78 
1.445 In. 



Nicolet, 
L. C. 



63.6 
82.2 



Day 

of 
Mon. 



Day 

of 

Week. 



Remarkable Days, &c. 



Memoranda 



1 
2 

3 

4 
5 
6 
7 
8 


10 
11 
12 
13 
14 
13 
16 
17 
18 
19 
20 
21 
22 
23 
24 
25 
26 
27 
28 
29 
30 



Frid. 
Satur. 



Mon. 

Tues. 

Wed. 

Thur. 

Frid. 

Satur. 

SHU. 

Mon. 

Tues. 

Wed. 

Thur. 

Frid. 

Satur. 

Sun 

Mon. 

Tues. 

Wed. 

Thur. 

Frid. 

Salur. 



Mori. 

Tues. 

Wed. 

Thur. 

Frid. 

Satur. 



Lord Howe s victory. 1794. 
Riots in London, 1780. 
Trinity Sunday. [gium, 1831. 

Prince Leopold chosen King of Bel- 
Newcastle Assizes begin. @ Full Moon 
Corneilleb. 1606. [10m. past 5,P.M. 
Bishop Warburton died, 1779. 
Pope born, 1688. 
St. Johns, N. F., burned, 1846. 
1st Sunday after Trinity. 
Easter Term begins. 
New York incorporated, 1665. 
d Last Quarter 7 min. past 5, P. M. 
Battle of Alarengo, 1800. 
JVlagna Charta signed, 1215. 
Duke of Marlborough died, 1722. 
2nd Sunday after Trinity. 
Battle of Waterloo, 1815. U.Statesde- 

[clared war, 1812. 
Queen Victoria s Accession, 1837. 
9 New Moon 2 min. past 9, A. M. 
iUachiavel died, 1527. 
Easter Term ends. [in Paris, 1848. 
3rd Sunday after Trinity. Insurrect u 
Battle of Bannockburn, 1314. 
G. White died, 1793. 
]) First Quarter 27 min. past 5, A. M. 
Second great Fire at Quebec, 1845. 
(28th) Queen Victoria Crowned, 1838. 
Sir P. Maitlaud Lieut. Governor, 1820. 



1849.] 



JUNE BEGINS ON FRIDAY. 



MOON S PHASES. 

d. h. m. 

Full Moon, 5 5 10 

Last Quarter, 13 5 7 

New Moon, 20 21 2 

First Quarter, 26 17 27 

Apogee, 5 10 



Perigee, 19 12 








Semidiameter, at Greeiiicic/t fiieon Noon 



Date. 



1 

10 
24 
30 



Oi Sun. 



15 47.2 
15 46.1 
15 4r3.4 
15 45.1 



Of Moon. 
7 7i 

14 58.4 
14 57.2 
16 41.9 
14 50.1 



1st OF JuXE. 



15th OF JUNE. 



THE 



QUEBEC, 



Sun. 



1 

Ji) 
20 
30 



Rises. 

h. m. 
4 16 
4 11 
4 11 
4 14 



Sets. 

h. m. 
1 40 
7 47 
7 51 
7 52 



Twilight. 



Begins 

. M. 



Ends 

V. M. 



E 
ETS | Meridian 


Right 

Ascen 


Decl. 


Meridian 


Right 
Ascen 


Decl. 


1 




sion. 








sion, j 


//. m. 


h. m. 


; 


I 


. m. 


h. m. 


o , 


>rc. An Eve riing St 
nus A Morn ing St 
i|B. 8 02m 42 
it r 4 36 a 9 17 
urn 7 46m 26 


ar. 
ar. 
.V 2 50 
A 16 43 

.V 23 


1 21 a 
11 24m 

7 45m 
3 50 a 
6 54m 


6 57 
2 59 
1 21 
9 26 
29 


N21 47 
N13 57 
N 6 49 
NIG 01 

N 42 


n s 8 53m 
ne. 


I 33 


N 9 07 


8 00m 


1 35 


N 9 19 


Star on 


the Meridian on the 


15th, 7k. 28m. 11s. L. 


AL1FAX, N. S. FREDERICTON, N. B. 


in. 


Twilight. 


Sun. 


Twilight. 


Sets. 


Begins Ends Rises. 


Sets. 


Begins Ends 



h. m. h. in. ( \ h. m. 

I 29 10 26 |i 4 13 

i 19 ho 3J 4 is 

1 16 10 46 4 19 

1 24 10 43 4 23 



k. m. 
1 33 

7 40 
7 44 
7 43 



h. m. 
1 55 
1 46 
1 43 
1 50 



k. m. 

10 
10 12 
10 19 
10 17 



h. m. 
4 18 
4 14 
4 14 
4 18 



h. m. 
7 38 
7 44 
7 48 
7 48 



h. m. 
1 39 
1 28 
1 24 
1 31 



P. M. 



h. m. 
10 16 
10 30 
10 38 
10 36 



of 
V r. 



Sun. 



Toronto. 



ises Sets. 



D. 

152 

I 

r 

lo.; 
156 
157 

158 
159 
160 



26(7 

7 



Montreal. 



Sets. 



20 

25 7 

25J 

247 

217 

247 

23 7 
237 
237 



284 
2914 
304 



31 

334 
34 





162 
1 63 
1644 237 
Hioj4 237 

1074 



237 



16S4 237 
2317 

no ; 

17! 4 237 
172 

17. ! ; 

24 7 
1764 



.m. 

20 
: 


, 

- 



! 



4 r 



App. Noon 
\ving 



Sun s 



the Eq. of Decl in n 



Time. 



: 

35111 



North. 



?3 

= o 



7 40 
7 40 



7 41 11 



7 41 



: 



ISO 




4 

374 

37 

37 

39 1 

3! i 4 

394 

40 4 
404 

3<U 



167 
167 



; 

16 
16 
167 








I 
I 

Hi 
16 

1 





7 45 
46 

7 46 
46 



I 

18 

19 



46 12 

47 12 

47J12 
47112 

4G 12 



in. s. 
57 31 22 
57 40 -22 
57 5 

57 59 22 

58 10 22 
58 20 -22 
58 31 22 
58 42 22 

58 54 22 

59 5 23 
59 1723 
59 29,23 
59 42 23 
59 54 23 

7 23 
20 23 
33 23 
46 23 

59 23 

1 12 23 
1 25 23 
1 38 23 

1 51 23 

2 4 23 
2 !. 

2 2:> 23 
2 ! 

2 5 
3 

3 IS 23 



in. 

6.7 10. 4! 

14.5:11.4 

21.!; 124 

2ii.i. 13.4 

36.714.4 

41.9.15.4, 

47.M6.4 

[7.4 

18.4| 

3. 19.4 



11.1 
14.5 



20.4 
21.4 

224 



23.4; 

. 24.4. 

22.425.4 

24.2 

27.4 
23 4 1 

27. 

1.1 

27. i 

26; I 

25.3 



19.6 

13.7 



5.1 

7.1 

8.1 

r.ii 



10.210.1 




TWILIGHT. 



Toronto. Montreal. 



ffj 

K " 



k. m. 
2 5 

1 55 

30 ! 2 no 



-= - 





ft. TO. h. m. h. r.i. 
50- 1 f.5 !!> I , 
10 0! 1 35(1.) r, 
10 (.7 1 3-J , 10 31 
10 0(i 1 3" ID 28 



ECLIPSES CF 

Jcpiler s Satellites. 



-M. ! . Gioenw. i Toronto. 

M i! M U. 

!i7 ]:: 
1710 

HI. "i 15) : Beui! 

f 1 15 . r f /,.(). 1.1 : ,; in. 



18.] 



JULY HAS THIRTY-ONE DAYS. 



[1849. 



FARMERS AND GARDENERS CALENDAR. 

The farmer is now supposed to have all implements for hay-making provided and in good 

order. A revolving rake is preferable to a horse rake one or the other is indispensable in 

|this country. The mowers should commence their work as early in the morning as possible, 

selecting that part of the field where the grass is thin, and leaving the thicker portion until the 

dew is evaporated. In harvesting grain, it is better not to wait until the grain is completely 

jripe, a little exposure to the air in shocks will complete the process of ripening during the 

jtime in which the straw is drying, and thereby save the waste which would otherwise inevitably 

jresult from "shelling." Clover is sufficiently ripe when two-thirds of the heads are of a 

brown color; and if cut in that state, it may be stacked the following day, weather permitting. 

S During this busy season, the farmer should not forget the weeds thistles of various descriptions, 

the dock and the wild camomile, will flower and scatter their seeds, if not cut down. If chess be 

found among the wheat, the spot where it grows should be noted, and drained as soon as possible. 

THE KITCHEN GARDEN. Loosen the earth round the roots of potatoes with a common 

garden fork continue to hoe about the roots of Indian corn, artichokes, &c. Cabbages may 

be planted, being well shaded from the sun; water in the evening if required; keep garden 

free from weeds; thin fruit trees ; gather flowering herbs, and dry in the shade; collect seeds 

;as they ripen, &c. &c. 





METEOROLOGICAL TABLE FOR JULY. 




Toronto, Greenwich, Nicolet, 




U. C. England. L. C. 




Mec 




O O 

66.0 60.1 68.5 






Mean Highest Temperature 88.8 83.0 83.8 




Mean Lowest Temperature 42.5 45.4 




Mean Elasticity of Vapour 476 .441 




Me?" Humiilitv nf tVip Air 7S 82 




Ave 




4.042 In. 2.712 In. 






AV 











Night Frosts 


of 


of 


Remarkable Days, &c. 


Memoranda. 


Mon. 


Week. 






1 


Sun. 


Fourth Sunday after Trinity. 




2 


Mon. : 


(3rd) Quebec founded, 1608. 


A 


3 


Tues. 


Quar. Sess. and Dist. C. commences. 




4 


Wed. 


Chateaubriand died, 1848. 




5 


Thur. 


(jiFull Moon, 11 min. past 8, A. M. 




6 


Frid. 


Battle of Maida, 1806. 




7 


Satur. 


Col. Simcoe Lieut. Governor, 1792. 




8 


Sun. 


Fifth Sunday after Trinity. 




9 


Mon. 


(8th) Burke died, 1797. 




10 


Tues. 


Columbus born, 1447. 




11 


Wed. 


Lalande born, 1782. 




12 


Thur. 


Erasmus died, 1536. 




13 


Frid. 


d Last Quarter, 9 min. before 2, A.M. 




1 14 


Satur. 


Mrs. Siddons born, 1755. 




15 


Sun. 


Sixth Sunday after Trinity. 




16 


Mon. 


Detroit taken, 1812. 




17 


Tues. 


Michilimacinack taken, 1812. 




18 


Wed. 


Hampden died, 1643. 




19 


Thur. 


New Moon, 2 min. before 4, P. M. 




20 


Frid. 


Playfair died, 1819. 




si 


Satur. 


Hon. P. Russell, President, 1796. 




22 


Sun. 


Seventh Sunday after Trinity. 




23 


Mori. 


Canada Union Bill assented to, 1840. 




24 


Tues. 


Gibraltar taken by the British, 1704. 




25 Wed. 


Battle of Lundy s Lane, 1813. 




26 Thur. 


D First Quarter, 18 min. past 7, P. M. ! 


27 


Frid. 


French Revolution, 1830. 


; 8 


Satur. 


Lord Durham died, 1840. 




29 


Sun 


Eishth Sunday after Trinity. 


: 30 


Mon. I Trinity Term begins. 


31 


Tues. j (30th) Penn died, 1718. j 



1849.] 



JULY BEGINS ON SUNDAY. 



[19. 



MOON S PHASES. 

d. h. TO. 

I Full Moon 4 20 1 1 

d Last Quarter .... 12 13 51 

New Moon 19 03 58 

D First Quarter ... 26 07 18 

d Apogee 2 15 

d Perigee 17 21 

d Apogee ...30 2 



Semidiameter, at Greenwich 



Date. 



1 

10 

20 
30 



Oi Sun. 



15 45.1 
15 45.2 
15 45.8 
15. 46.8 



Of Moon. 



14 45.6 

15 18.8 

16 26.3 
14 44.6 



THE 
PLANETS 



Merc. 
? Venus 
$ Mars 
Ipupit r 
J Saturn 



Neptune. 



1st OF JULY. 



Meridian 



k. m. 

A Morn 

A Morn 

7 26m 

2 57 a 

5 54m 

6 59m 



Right 

Ascen 
sion. 



Decl. 



h. m. \ 

ing St ar. 

ing Star. 
2 4 #11 00 
9 37 1#15 

N 54 



32 

1 37 



N 9 29 






15th OF JULY. 



Meridian 



Right 
Ascen- 



h. m. I h. m. 

10 44 mi 6 21 

8 51 m 4 26 



7 8m 
2 14 a 

5 00m 

6 5m 



2 42 
9 48 

33 

1 38 



Decl. 



o / 



47 
#18 
#14 14 
#14 14 

N 57 
# 9 34 



Pole Star on the Meridian 15d. 5h. 30m. 37s. L. 



a 

Q 



1 

10 
20 
30 



QUEBEC. 



Sun. 



Rises. 

h. m. 
4 16 
4 22 
4 32 

4 44 



Sets. 



h. m. 
7 52 

7 48 
7 40 
7 30 



Tvvilisht. 



Begins 
A. M. 



h. m. 
1 20 
1 36 

1 58 

2 22 



Ends 

_P. M. 

h. m. 
10 47 
10 34 
10 14 

9 50 



HALIFAX, N. S. 



Sun. 



Rises. 



h. m. 
4 24 
4 30 
4 39 
4 50 



Sets. 



h. m. 

7 44 
7 40 
7 34 
7 24 



Twilight. 



Begins 
A. M. 



h. m. 

1 50 

2 2 

2 20 
2 41 



Ends 

P. M. 



h. TO. 

10 17 

10 8 

9 54 

9 31 



FREDERICTON, N. B. 



Sun. 



Rises. 



h. m. 
4 19 
4 25 
4 35 
4 46 



Sets. 



h. m. 

7 49 
7 45 
7 37 
7 28 



Twilight. 



Begins 
A. M. 

h. m. 
I 32 

1 46 

2 6 
2 28 



Ends 

P. M. 




Sun. 



182 
1834 

184 
185 

J186 
(187 
1188 




App. Noon 
shewing 

the Eq. ofJDeclin 
Time. 



Sun s 

, n 
North. 



h. m. 
12 3 
12 3 
12 3 
12 4 
12 4 
12 4 
12 

12 4 
12 4 
12 5 
12 5 
12 5 
12 5 
12 
12 5 
12 5 
12 5 
12 5 
12 5 
12 6 
12 6 
12 6- 
12. 6 
12 6 
12- 6 
12 6 
12 fi 
12 6 
12- 6 
12 H 
12 8 



3023 
23 



41 

52 

n.! 
13 
23 

4 33 
42 
.">! 
00 
08 
16 
23 

5 30 



6.3 
1.9 



22 57.1 
22 52.0 
22 46.4 
22 40.4 
22 34.2 
27.4 



22 12.7 
22 04.8 



56.6 
47.9 



2l 38.9 
21 29.5 
21 19.7 
21 09.6 
20 59.1 
20 48.3 
20-37.1 
20 25.6 
20 13.7 
20 01.4 
19 49.0 
19 36.1 
19 22.8 
19 09.4 
18 55.5 
18 41.3 
7J18 26.9 
518 12.1 



36 
42 
47 
52 
57 




D. 
11.1 
12.1 
13.1 
14.1 
15.1 
16.1 
17.1 
18.1 
19.1 
20.1 

11.1 
22.1 
23.1 
24.1 
25.1 

6.1 
27.1 



0.8 
1.8 
2.8 
3.8 
4.8 
5.8 
6.8 
7.8 
8.8 
9.8 
10.8 



Moon s 
Declin 
ation. 



15 38s 

17 34 

18 43 
18 58 
18 18 

16 48 

14 26 

11 20 

7 38 

3 32 
52n 
5 20 
9 36 

13 27 
16 29 
18 24 
18 56 
18 02 

15 47 

12 30 

8 32 

4 14 
8s 
4 23 
8 17 

11 46 

14 38 

16 52 
18 19 



11.8J48.55 



Moon Rises or Sets. 



Toronto. 



h. m. 

1 47m 

2 21 

2 58 

3 43 
Rises. 

8 30 a 

9 08. 
9 43, 

10 16 

10 47 

11 18 
11 50 
morn g. 

25m 

1 04 

1 47 

2 37 

3 35 
Sets. 

7 51 a 

8 35 

9 12 
9 -44 

10 16 
10-47 

11 17 
11 47 
mopn g. 

0.21m 
0"58 
1 40 



Montreal 



Sets. 



h,. m. 

1 43m 

2 17 

2 54 

3 38 
Rises. 

8 35 

9 12 
9 46 

10 18 

10 48 
1.1 18 

11 49 
morn g. 

22m 
00 
43 
32 
29 

Sets. 

7 55 a 

8 37 

9 14 
9 44 

10 15 

10 45 

1 14 

11 44 
morn g.! 

17m 

53 

1 35 



TWILIGHT. 



Toronto. 



to . 



h.m. 



h. m. 



2 110 6 

2 Ml 9 56 
2 23, 9 44 
2 46 1 9 26 



Montreal. 



h. m. h.m. 
1 39 10 26 

1 52-10 1H 

2 12 10 1 
2 33 9 39 



ECLIPSES Of 

Jnpiter s Satellites. 



M. i . Oreeruv. 

d. A. m. . 
1.20 13 16 51. 



i oroiiio. 
k. m. 



I 



SO.] 



AUGUST HAS THIRTY-ONE DAYS. 



[1849 j 



FARMERS A N O GARDENERS CALENDAR. 

The root crops should be particularly attended to duiing this month, and no pains spared to 
[destroy weeds with the hoe, as soon as they appear the" operation of hoeing round the roots 
jexercising a beneficial influence upon the crop. Indian corn may again be hoed, and the side 
jshoots of potatoes cut off as they appear. ]f the soil be not too dry, underground draining may 
| be commenced; the drain ought to be cut to the depth of three feet, being fifteen inches in 
breadth at the top, and four inches at the bottom. A wooden box, four inches square, may be 
laid along the bottom of the drain, in preference to pebbles or brush, being more durable than! 
the latter substitute, and cheaper than the former. In place of a square box, a triangular box 
resting with its apex inverted upon a four-inch board may be used, and will probably be found! 
less liable to choke with fine earthy particles, than the square box drain. On swampy lands, 
and lands infested with underground springs, the farmer must exercise great care in determining! 
the course of the drain. As soon as possible let the land be ploughed for fall wheat. 

THE GARDEN. Budding may be performed during this month with success ; onions gathered* 
and hung in some shady spot to dry ; celery earthed up ; melons watered and the earth loosened] 
about their roots ; weeding, watering and gathering of fruits carefully attended to; nasturtiums ! 
and small cucumbers may be gathered for pickling as they attain the proper size. 



METEOROLOGICAL TABLE FOR AUGUST. 

- . 




Toronto, Greenwich, Nicolet, 




U. C. England. L. C. 








o o o 




Mean Temperature 652 614 678 




Mean Highest Temperature 839 821 833 




Mean Lowest Temperature 4-j 3 45 7 




Mean Elasticity of Vapour 497 .467 




Mean Humidity of the Air 80 84 




Average Quantity of Rain 3 151 In 2 162 In 




Average Quantity of Snow 




Xigh t Frosts () 


JJay i>ay 


of 


of 


Remarkable Days, &c. 


nfemoranda 


Alon. week. 


J 


1 


Wed. 


Lammas. 




2 


Tbur. 


Battle of the Nile, 1798. 




3 


Frid. 


f| Full Moon, 25 min. before 11, P.M. 




4 


Salur. 


Snelley born, 1792. 




5 


Sun. 


Ninth Sunday after Trinity. 




6 


Mon. 


Prince Alired Ernest born, 1844. 




7 


Tues. 






8 


Wed. 


Canning died, 1S27. [French.1830. 




9 


Thur. 


Louis Philippe declared King of the 




10 


Frid. 


(11) Trinity Term ends. 




11 


Satur. 


<[ Last Quarter. 15 inin. past 8, A. M. 




12 


Sun. 


Tenth Sunday after Trinity. 




13 


Mon. 


Sir P. Maitland, Lieut. Governor, 1818. 




14 


Tues. 


Printing invented. 1437. 




15 


Wed. 


Napoleon born. 1769. 




16 


Thur. 


A. Marvel died, 1678. 




17 


Frid. 


Duchess of Kent born, 1786. 




18 


Satur. 


New Moon. 16 min. past midnight. 


19 


Siin. 


Kleventli Sund ty after Trinity. 




20 


Mon. 


(19th) the Royal George sunk, 1782. 




21 


Tues. 


Dr. A. Clarke died, 1832. 


I 


22 


Wed. 


Warren Hastings died, 18 18. 




23 


Thur. New York ceded to England, 1667. 


24 


Frid. 


Washington taken, 1814. 


25 


Satur. 


]) First Quarter 21 min. before noon. 


26 


81111. 


Twelfth Sunday after Trinity. 




27 


Mon. 


Battle of Long Island, 1776. 




2S 


Tues. 


Grntius died, 16-15. 






Wed. 


Locke born, 1630. 


30 Thur. 


Paley born, 1743 


Fnd- ; Lunyun died. 1G88. J 



1819.] 



AUGUST BEGINS ON WEDNESDAY. 



MOON S PHASES. 

d. h. m. 

fjji Full Moon, 3 10 35 

d Last Quarter, ... 10 20 15 

New Moon 17 12 16 

D First Quarter,... 24 23 39 

C Perigee, 14 22 

Apogee, 26 18 



THE 



1st OF AUGUST. 



15th OF AUGUST. 



S 






amet 


er, ut O 


ee.nwic.li 


Auu/i. 


j Mars. 


6 47m 


c 

3 


27 


: 


31 iv 


6 28m 


4 4 


NW 39 


Date. 


iiu. 


<i Moon. 


IfJupit r 


1 20 a. 10 


1 


, 


3N 


37 a 


10 13 


#12 1 






! 





i 





a 


1? Saturn 


3 53 m 


33 


1 


49 N 


2 56m 


31 


A T 35 


1 






15 47.1 


14 


47.7 


i^Uran s; 4 58m 1 


39 


9 


36 N 


4 Olm 


1 38 


N 9 34 


10 

OA 




15 


48.4 


15 


52.8 

A 4 ** 


Neptune. 
















20 
30 




15 ou.2 
15 52.4 


15 
14 


44.0 
57.5 


Pole Star 

1 


on the 


Meridian 15d. 3A. 29m. 07s. 


L. 




































t. 


QUEBEC. 


HALIFAX, N. S. 


FREDERICTON, 


N. B. 




Sun. 


Twilight. 


Sun. 


Twilight. 


Sun. 


Twilight. 


*x 


Rises. 


Sets. 


Begins 


En : - 


Rises. 


Sets. 


Begins 


Ends 


Rises. Sets. 


Begin 


i Ends 


P 










A. M. 


P. M. 






A. M. 


P. M. 




! A. M. 


P. M. 




h. 


m. 


A. m. 


h. m. 


A. m. 


A. m. 


A. m. 


h. m. 


A. m. 


A. m. h. m. 


A. m. 


A. m. 


1 


4 45 


7 27 


2 29 


9 43 


4 51 


7 21 


2 43 


9 29 


4 48 7 24 


2 32 


9 39 


10 


4 57 


7 13 


2 47 


9 23 


5 01 


7 09 


3 


9 10 


4 59 711 


2 51 


9 18 


20 


5 09 


6 57 


3 7 


8 59 


5 13 


6 53 


3 18 


8 48 


5 11 6 55 


3 11 


8 55 


30 


5 22 


6 38 


3 26 


8 34 


5 25 


6 38 


3 38 


8 23 


5 09 6 51 


3 30 


8 31 


Day 

nf 






\ 


sun. 




App. Noon 




& . 






Moon Rises or Sets 


TWILIGHT. 
















UI 












sh 


ewing 


Sun s 


CO O 


Mo 


rm c 
















Y r. 


Toronto 


. Montreal. 


the 


Eq. of . 


ieclin n 


o 2 


Declin 


Toronto. 


Montreal 








| 












Time. 


North. 


J2 S 


ation. 










Toronto. I 


Montreal. 


Rises Sets. Rises 


riets. 








* 






r^ets. 


Sets. 








D. 


i. m. 


A. m. A. m. 1 


t. m. 


A. 


m. S. 


/ 


D. 


o 


l 


"AT 


m. 


A 


m. 


CO 




2 


213 


4 54 


7 184 49 - 


23 


12 


6 21 


7 57.0 


12.8 


18 


37s 


2 


24 


2 19m 


6 -f f z 


7 w 

"1 . 


g>* 1 * 


214 


4 55 


7 17,4 50 "t 


f 22 


12 


5 581 


7 41.6 


13.8 


17 


24 


3 


14 


3 10 


^ ^ < 
-n cs 


B "* c 




215 


4 56 


1 164 51 ; 


21 


12 


5 54 17 26.1 


14.8 


15 


19 


Rises. 


Rises. 













216 


4 587 14 4 53; 


f 19 


12 


5 49|17 10.1 


15.8 


12 


27 


7 


45 a 


7 49 a 


A.m. 
1 2 49 


h. m. h 


fji km 


9 23 2 


36 9 36 


217 


4 58 


7 144 54] 


" 18 


12 


5 43116 54.0 


16.8 


8 


55 


8 


19 


8 


21 


10 3 ti 


SI -t 2 


-"-) 9 13 


218 


5 00l7 124 567 16 


12 


5 37 16 37.4 


17.8 


4 


57 


8 


51 




51 


20 3 22 


8 43 3 


14 S W 


219 


5 00 


7 11 4 55 7 1512 


5 30 16 20.8 


18.8 





34 


9 


21 




22 


30 3 42 


8 19 3 


32 8 20 


220 5 01 


7 


94 577 1312 


5 2316 03.7 


19.8 


3 


52 


9 


53 


9 


52 








22115 03 


7 


74 597 11 


12 


5 1515 46.520.8 


8 


11 


10 


27 


: 


26 








2225 047 


65 007 10 


12 


5 6:15 28.921.8 


12 


07 


11 


02 


i 


59 








223 5 06 


7 


4J5 02 7 8 


12 


4 5715 11.122.8 


15 


23 


11 


42 


11 


38 








224 5 07 


7 


3 5 03 7 7 


12 


4 4814 53.123.8 


17 


42 


morn g. 


morn g. 








225 5 087 


2 5 04 7 6 


12 


4 3814 34.924.8 


18 49 





28m 





23m 








226 ! 5 08 


7 


05 047 4 


12 


4 2714 16.425.8 


18 


35 


1 


22 


1 


18 








227 5 09 


6 59 5 05 7 3 


12 


4 1613 57.726.8 


16 


59 


2 


22 





16 






1 


228 ;5 11 


6 575 077 1 


12 


4 4113 38.827.8 


14 


1-2 


3 


26 


3 


21 








2295 11 


6 575 087 12 


3 5213 19.728.8 


c. 


! 


Sets. 


Sets. 








2305 13 


6 555 106 58 


12 


3 40 13 00.2 


05 


10 36 


7 05 a 


7 


07 a 








231 


5 14 


6 52 5 1 1 6 55 


12 


3 2612 40.7 


1.5 


6 25 


7 41 


: 


42 








2325 15 


6 51 5 11 6 55 


12 


3 13 12 20.9 


2.5 


1 57 


8 


13 


3 


14 








233 


5 16 


6 505 136 53 


12 


2 5?) 12 00.9 


3.5 


2 26s 


8 45 




44 








234 


5 18 


6 485 156 51 


12 


2 44 : 11 40.7 


4.5 


6 36 


9 


15 


: 


14 








235 


5 18 


6 465 15 6 49 


12 


2 2941 2;l.4 


5.5 


10 


18 


9 47 


9 


44 








236 


5 19 


6 455 166 48 


12 


2 13 10 59.8 


6.5 


13 31 


10 21 


10 


17 








237 


5 21 


6 435 1" 


12 


1 5710 39.1 


7.5 


16 


2 


10 56 


I: , 


52 








238 


5 23 


6 415 20 6 43 


12 


1 41 ]0 18.3 


8.5 


17 48 


11 36 


. ! 


31 








239 


5 23 


:6 39 5 20 6 42 


12 


1 24 9 57.2 


9.5 


18 44 


morn ar. 


V 


rn b- 








2105 24 


! 6 385 226 4n 


12 


1 7 9 35.1 


105 


18 48 





19 





14 








241 5 26 


6 36 5 24 6 38 


12 


49 9 14.8 


11.5 


17 57 


1 08 


1 


03 








242 
243 


5 27,6 35 5 25 6 37 
5 27J6 33 5 25 6 35 


12 
12 


31 
13 


8 53.2 
8 31.6 


12.5 16 13 
13.513 37 


2 00 
2 57 


1 

2 


55 
53 


The Satellites of JupitrT 
ot visible, Jupiter Loins 
wo near the Sun. 



SEPTEMBER HAS THIRTY DAYS. 



[1849. 



FARMERS AND GARDENERS CALENDAR. 

The one important operation to the Canadian farmer, during this month, is the sowing of 
fall wheat. Above all other considerations the draining of the land should be attended to, and 
no hollows left in the field without some outlet for surface water to escape. Six or seven inches 
is the least depth to which the plough should be made to penetrate, if the soil will admit of it. 
In good husbandry wheat is never sown after wheat, oats or barley ; peas, clover, &c., and the 
root crops, are the proper precursors of wheat. Manure sparingly with farm-yard manure and 
|lime, abundantly if possible with wood or peat ashes. If the soil be of a clayey or sandy 
nature, or a vegetable mould, marl strewn over the field will have a very beneficial effect, 
under ordinary circumstances. Great care ought to be taken in selecting Seed, and every pre 
caution used to have it free from the seeds of weeds and smut, by careful sifting, and steeping 
in strong brine, rolling it immediately afterwards in lime, and sowing as soon as possible. 
Indian Corn may be harvested during this month, the leaves and stalks being preserved for 
fodder. 

THE KITCHEN GARDEN. Finish gathering pot herbs; earth up celery ; take up Jerusa 
lem Artichokes as wanted ; take up potatoes for storing in a dry cellar or root house where the 
frost cannot penetrate, hoe advancing turnips ; apples, &c. may be gathered as-tliey ripen, 
care being taken not to bruise them. 



METEOROLOGICAL TABLE FOR, SEPTEMBER. 






Toronto, Greenwich, Nicolet, 






U. C. England. L. C. 




Mean Temperature 


o o o 
57.7 57.7 57.9 




Mean Hicrhpst Temnerature 


80.5 78.3 76.6 




Me 




32.6 36.6 






Mean Elasticity of Vapour 


.393 .432 




\lgan Hnmi ditv nf thp Air. . 


82 88 




Av 




4.797 In. 2.110 In. 






Av 











Xight Frosts 


5 


Day T)av 


of 


"j 

of 


Remarkable Days, &c. 


memoranda. 


Mon. 


Week. 






1 


Satur. 


Queen Victoria visited Scotland, 1842. 




2 


Sun. 


Thirteenth Sunday after Trinity. 




3 


Mon. 


0Full Moon, 1 m. past noon onthe2d. 




4 


Tues. 


River Hudson discovered, 1609. 




5 


Wed. 


The Boxer captured, 1814. 




6 


Thur. 


Lafayette born, 1757. 




7 


Frid. 


Hannah More died. 1833. 




8 


Satur. 


(9th) G Last Qr. 22 min. before 2 P.M. 




9 


Sun. 


Fourteenth Sunday after Trinity. 


- 


10 


Mon. 


Western and Niagara Assizes. 




11 


Tues. 


Thomson born, 1700. 




12 


Wed. 


Battle at North Point, 1814. 




13 


Thur. 


C. J. Fox died, 1806. 




14 


Frid. 


Moscow burnt, 1812. 




15 


Satur. 


Malta taken, 1800. 




16 


Sun. 


Fifteenth Sunday after Trinity. 




17 


Mon. 


(16th) New M.15 m before 11, A.M. 




18 


Tues. 


London District Assizes. 




19 


Wed. 


Lord Sydenham died, 1841. 




20 


Thur. 


Demerara taken, 1803. 




21 


Frid. 


Midland District Assizes. 




22 


Satur. 


Dr. Boerhaave died, 1733. 




23 


Sun. 


Sixteenth Sunday after Trinity. 




24 


Mon. 


D First Quarter, 7 min. past 6, A. M. 




25 


Tues. 


Gore District Assizes. 




26 


Wed. 


Brainard died, 1828. 




27 


Thur. 


Nelson born, 1758. 




28 


Frid. 


Second voyage of Columbus, 1493. 




29 


Satur. 


Michaelmas. 




30 


Sun. 


Seventeenth Sunday afier Trinity. 





1849.] 



SEPTEMBER BEGINS ON SATURDAY, 



[23- 



MOON S PHASES. 

d. h. m. 

D Full Moon, 2 1 

([ Last Quarter, 9 i 38 

New Moon, 15 22 45 

D First Quarter, 23 8 07 

<I Perigee, 10 17 

Apogee, -j jLL^JLlf* 



Setnidiameter , at Greenwich Noon. 



Date. 



1 
10 

20 
30 



Of Sun. 



15 52.8 
15 55.0 

15 57.6 

16 0.3 



Of Moon. 



15 
16 
15 
15 



13.4 
8.9 
4.9 

32.7 



THE 



Merc. 
Venus. 

Mars. 



Saturn 



Neptune. 



1st SEPTEMBER. 



Meridian 



h. m. 
An Eve 
A Morn 
6 03m 
11 44m 

1 45m 

2 55m 



Right 
Ascen 
sion. 



A. m. 
ningSt 
ing St 
4 46 
10 27 

28 

1 37 



Decl. 



ar. 
ar. 



15th SEPTEMBER. 



31 
41 

N 10 

N 9 27 



Meridian 



A. m. 
1 14m 
9 27m 
5 40m 

11 00m 

48m 

1 59m 



Right 
Ascen 
sion. 

h. m. 

12 54 
9 05 
5 17 

10 38 

24 

1 36 



Dec!. 



8 6 57 
#16 32 
#22 33 

# 9 35 
S 15 

# 9 18 



Pole Star on the Meridian I5d. \h. 27m. 29s. L. 



o 





1 

10 
20 
30 



QUEBEC. 



Sun. 



Rises. 



h. m. 
5 26 
5 37 

5 49 

6 03 



Sets. 

h- m. 
6 34 
6 17 
5 57 
5 37 



Twilight. 



Begins 

A. M. 



h. m. 
3 30 

3 46 

4 
4 17 



Ends 

P. M. 



h. m. 
8 29 
8 8 
7 46 
7 23 



HALIFAX, N. S. 



Sun. 



Rises. 



h. m. 
5 28 
5 38 

5 49 

6 00 



Sets. 



A. m. 
6 32 
6 16 
5 57 
5 40 



Twilight. 



Begins 
A. M. 



A. in, 
3 38 

3 52 

4 7 
4 20 



Ends 

] . M. 



h. m. 
8 21 
8 1 
7 39 
7 20 



FREDERICTON, N. B. 



Sun. 



Rises. 



A. m. 
5 27 
5 37 

5 49 

6 03 



Sets. 



A. m. 
6 33 
6 17 
5 57 
5 37 



Twilight. 



Begins 
A. M. 

A. m. 
3 33 

3 48 

4 4 
4 18 



Ends 

T. M. 

A. m. 
8 26 
8 5 
7 43 
7 22 



Day 

of 

Y r. 



D. 

244 

245 

246 

247 

48 

19 

50 

51 



254 

25 

256 

257 

258 

259 

260 

261 

262 

261 

264 

26c 



26 
26 

L>(i 
27 
27 
27 

27 



Sun. 



Toronto. 


Montreal. 


Uses 



. m. 
29 
. 31 


Sets. 
h. in. 
6 31 
6 29 


Rises! Sets. 


h. m. h.m. 
5 27i6 33 
5 29l6 31 



App. Noon 
shewing 



the Eq. ofDeclin n 
Time. N. &.S. 



32 



6 265 30|6 28 



6 24 



35 
36 
38 
39 



41 



27 



5 29!6 29 



it,, m. s. 



5 32|6 26 



225 
21 
19 
6 16 



32i6 24 



44 
44 
45 
47 
48 
49 



6 15 
6 14 
6 11 
6 9 
6 8 



346 
36 6 
37i6 



22 

20 
17 



6 6 
6 5 



5 38 ! 6 16 
5 39;6 15 
5 40,6 12 
5 426 10 

43 ; 6 

436 

456 



i ! 
1 1 

! ! 
11 
II 
II 

! : 
11 

ii 

I! 
11 

! ! 
i! 
II 



Sun s 



625 476 2 




59 



535 51 
5415 50 



5 49 5 57 
5 51 5 55 
5 535 535 53:5 53 



48,6 
49i5 59 
49 5 57 
5 51 5 55 



55 
36 
17 
57 
37 
17 
57 
37 
17 
56 
35 
15 



59 
59 
59 

58 

58 

58 

57 

57 

57 

56 

56 

56 

55 54 

55 33 

55 12] 

54 51 

54 30 



u #. 
8 09.9 



48.0 

25.9 

03.8 

41.6 

19.: 

56.7 

34.1 

ll.i 

48. 



03.0 



3 39.9 



3 

2 
2 

2 

11 54 09J 1 
1 






16.8 
53.8 
30.6 



5 53J5 51 
5 54 5 50 



5 56|5 485 56|5 48 
5 5715 45 5 57J5 45 
5 58 5 445 585 44 

5 595 43,5 59:5 

6 00l5 40 6 005 40 
6 01 15 39i6 025 38 



11 



53 48 
53 27 
53 06 
52 45 



52 24 
52 04 
51 43 
51 23 
51 02 
50 42 
50 23 
50 03 



07.4 
44.1 
20.8 
57.3 
34.0 
10.6 
S. 
12.8 
36. 
59.6 



16.! 

17.5 

18J 
19.5 

20.1 
21.! 
22J 
23.1 
24.1 
25. 
26, 
27.; 
28.5 
29.. 
1,0 
2.0 



6.1 
7.1 



23.110.1 

1 46.5 llJ 

2 09.9! 12. 
2 33.2:13. 
2 56.514. 



VIoon Rises or Sets. 



toon s 
)eclin- 
atioa. 



Toronto. 



Montreal 



3 / 

17s 
6 21 
2 04 
2 26n 
6 52 

1 00 

14 30 

17 05 

18 35 
18 50 
17 47 

15 32 
12 17 

8 21 
4 01 

6 

27s 

4 48 

8 46 

12 16 

15 07 

17 14 

18 31 
18 57 
18 29 
17 07 
14 52 
11 51 

8 09 
3 55 



Sets. 
A. m 
3 57m 
Rises. 
7 24 a 

7 56 

8 29 

9 04 
9 43 

10 25 

11 16 
norn g. 

Q 11 m 

1 12 

2 17 

3 25 

4 34 
Sets. 

6 42 a 

7 14 

7 45 

8 17 

8 52 

9 31 

10 13 

10 59 

11 49 
rnorn g. 

44m 

1 43 

2 44 

3 47 



Sets. 
A. m. 
3 54m 
Rises. 
7 24 a 

7 55 

8 28 

9 02 
9 39 

10 21 

11 11 
morn g. 

6 IT 
7 
13 

3 22 

4 31 
Sets. 

6 42 

7 13 

7 42 

8 14 

8 48 

9 26 

10 08 

10 54 

11 44 
morn g. 

39m 

1 38 

2 41 

3 45 



TWILIGHT. 



Toronto. 


Montreal. 


TO 

. 55 
to . 

< 


oa . 

^ 
H ri 



.S s 

bfi 

" 

pa * 


IO 

g* 

M E. 


A. m. 
3 41 
3 55 
4 8 
4 21 


h.m. 

8 Ifl 
7 58 
7 38 
7 19 


h.m. 
3 35 
3 50 
4 3 

4 IB 


h. ni. 
8 -M 
8 3 
7 44 
7 21 



The Satellites of Juf.iter 
not visible, Jupiter being 
too near the Sun. 



24. 



OCTOBER HAS THIRTY-ONE DAYS. 



[1840. 



FARMERS A IV D GARDENERS CALENDAR. 

Root crops ought now to be secured, and protected in such a manner that, while the frost 
does not affect them, decomposition may not set in. This can be conveniently accomplished 
by piling them when dry in heaps, and strewing a layer of straw over them, covering the 
whole with earth; two small orifices should however be left, one at the bottom and the 
!other at the top of the heap, in order to permit the occasional access of fresh air, and allow the 
escape of moisture, and whatever impure air may be created by the slow decomposition, which 
invariably takes place to a greater or less degree. The small orifices should be loosely covered 
with straw. Jerusalem Artichokes may remain during the Winter in the ground without 
fear of injury. Whatever ground is to be devoted to spring crops, should be ploughed durin- 
this month. 

THE KITCHEN GARDEN. Gathering of apples should now be completed ; all bruised and 
unsound fruit given to hogs. In packing apples care must be taken to prevent bruising, a 
[single bruised apple may destroy the contents of a barrel ; the season for transplanting trees is 
: now arrived ; a careful selection is a great object, and requires much judgment and caution. 

order that the frost may pulverize the soil. 



Seeds gathered and labelled ; asparagus beds cleared, and a coating of farmyard manure 
thrown over them. 


METEOROLOGICAL TABLE FOR OCTOBER. 






Toronto, Greenwich, Nicolet, 






U. C. England. L. C. 




Mean Temperature 


O O o 

43 8 47 9 44 3 




Mean Highest Temperature.... 


Tt *>*? ^H O 

67.2 65.8 62 3 




Mean Lowest Temperature 


21.2 29.9 




Mean Elasticity of Vapour 


0.242 0.314 




Mean Humidity of the <\ir 


8 40 




Average Quantity of Rain 


VJ/w iJ \J 

2.970 Jn. 3. 047 In 




Av 


erage Quantity of Snow 


2.9 Jn. 




bay 


Day 




of 


Of 




Remarkable Bays* &c. 


Memoranda. 


Moo 


Week. 






1 


Mon. 


Johnstown Dist. Assizes. [past 12 midn 




o 


Tues. 


Dist. Councils meet. Full Moon 16m 




3 


Wed. 


Prince Edward District Assizes. 




4 


Thur; 


Home District Assizes. 




5 


Frid. 


Battle of the Thames, 1813. 




6 


Satur. 


Louis Phillippe born, 1773. 




i 


Sun. 


18//4, Sunday after Trinity. 




8 


Mon. 


Viet, and East. Dist. Assizes, d Last 




9 


Tues. 


Quart. 27m. past 7P.M. 




10 


Wed. 


Benjamin West born, 1738. 




11 


Thur. 


The Bahamas discovered, 1492. 




: 12 


Frid 




Penn born, 1745. 




13 


Sa ur. 


Gen. Brock, killed, 1812. 




14 


Sun. 


19. /i Sunday after Trinity. 




15 


Mon 




Kewcas. and C)t. Dist.Asszs @NewM 




16 


Tues. 


Koscmsko died,1817.[4m.bel.l2 midn. 




17 


Wed 


( 


Organs first used in churches, 660. 




18 


Thur. 


Simcoe District Assizes. 




19 


Frid. 


Dulhousie District Assizes. 




20 


Satur. 


Battle of Navai ino, 1827. 




21 


Sun. 


20t/i. Su,iday after Trinity. 




22 


Mon 




Colborne District Assizes. 




23 


Tues. 


Massacre of Irish Protestants, 1641. 




24 


Wed 




D First quarter 13m. before 2 A. M. 




25 


Thur. 


Balhurst District Assizes. 




26 


Frid 




Battle of Chateauguay, 1813. 




27 


Satur. 


Capt. Cook born, 1728. 




28 


Sun. 


2lst Sunday after Trinity. 




29 


Mon 




Battle of Fort Erie, 1812 




30 


Tues 


, 


Dr. Cartwright died, 1823. 




31 


Wed 




Full Moon 29m. past 11, A.M. 





149.] 



OCTOBER BEGINS ON MONDAY. 



[25 



MOON S PHASES. 
d. 

Full Moon, 1 

Last Quarter, ... 8 
New Moon, .... 15 



h. m. 

12 16 
27 
56 



7 
11 



First Quarter, ... 23 13 47 

Full Moon, 30 23 29 

Perigee, 517 

Apogee 21 10 



Semidiameter, at Grtenuick 





Of Sun. 


Of Moon. 


1 

10 

20 
30 


I U 

16 0.6 
16 3.1 
16 5.8 
16 8.7 


/ n 

15 44.0 
15 59.7 
14 48.1 
16 16.0 



THE 
PLANETS 



1st OCTOBER. 



Right 

Meridian Asceu- 



j h. m. 

Merc. | An Eve 
Venus, i A Morn ing 
Mars. 5 9m 5 49 
Jupit r 10 10m 10 51 
I Saturn. H 37 a 20 
JJfUran s 55m : 
iNeptune. 



Decl. 



; St : ar. 



h. m. 



X23 17 

A 8 21 
S 45 

A T 9 6 



15th OCTOBER. 



Meridian 



Right 
Ascen 
sion. 



h. m. i A. m. 

A Morn ing St 
9 47m 11 24 
4 35 m 6 9 
9 26 mill 1 



10 38 a 

11 54 a 



16 

1 31 



Dccl. 



ar. 

5 22 
A T 23 44 

A* 7 20 
1 9 
IV 8 54 



Pole Star on the Meridian 15th, p. M., 11/t. 27m. 40s. U. 



QUEBEC. 





Sun. . 


Twilight. 




rt 

5 


Rises. 


Sets. 


Begins 


Ends 


* i 




A. M. 


V. M. 




h. m. 


h. m. 


/;. ?n. 


h. m. 


1 


6 04 


5 3i 


4 18 


7 21 


10 


6 19 


5 15 


4 31 


7 03 


20 


6 31 


4 59 


4 44 


6 45 


30 


6 54 


4 41 


4 57 


6 29 



HALIFAX, N. S. 



Rises. 



h.m. 
6 03 
6 16 

6 28 
6 40 



Sets. 

h. m. 
5 36 
5 17 
5 02 
4 45 



Twilight 



Begins 

A. M. 



h. m. 
4 21 
4 33 
4 45 
4 56 



Ends 

P. M. 



h.m. 
7 18 
7 01 
6 44 

6 2 



FREDERICTON, N. B. 



Sun. 



Rises. 



h.m. 
6 03 
6 18 
6 29 
6 43 



Sets. 



Twilight. 



Begins 



h. m. 
5 35 
5 16 
5 01 
4 43 



h. m. 
4 19 
4 31 

4 46 

5 05 



Ends 

P. M. 



n. m. 
7 20 
7 02 
6 43 
6 21 



Day 
of 

Y r. 



D. 

274 
275 
276 
277 
278 
279 
280 
281 
282 
283 
284 
285 
286 
287 
288 
289 
290 
291 
292 



Sun. 



Toronto. 



Montreal. 



Rises Sets.iKist.-s sluts. 



App. Xoon ! 
shewing 



Sun s 



the Bq. of jDtvliu ii 



Time. 



h. m. fi. in. h. m.\fi. -m I h. in. s. 
> 37 6 045 3611 49 35 
8 C45 356 05 ! 5 34lll 49 16 



6 05 5 33 6 0615 32 
6 065 31 8 075 30 
6 075 29:6 08l5 28 
6 085 28!6 105 -26 
6 105 266 11 5 
6115 25 6 125 23 
6 125 236 135 21 
6 135 21 6 155 li) 



6 155 19 
6 165 17 



175 
175 



6 175 166 185 14 
6 185 14 6 205 12 
6 205 12 6 21 5 11 
6 215 11:6 235 09 
6 225 0!) 6 2415 06 
6 235 076 265 OJ 
6 25 5 05 6 27 5 03 



293 6 255 046 28i5 01 
294 16 275 036 29J5 00 



295 

296 
297 
298 
299 
300 
391 
30-2 
303 



6 295 01 6 314 58 
6 29 4 59 6 32 4 56 
6 30 4 58 6 33 4 55 



South. 



3 19.9 



K C 

Is 



150 



11 48 58 

11 48 40 

11 48 22 

11 48 04: 

11 47 47i 



47 3! 
47 15 



11 46 59 

11 46 44 

11 46 29 

11 46 15 

11 46 01 



3 43.1 16.0 

4 6.517.0 
4 29.5 ! .0 

4 52.7 iy.0 

5 15.820.U 

5 ;JS.8 21.0 

6 01.7 22.0 
6 24.623.0 
6 4r.42i.G 



10.1 

32.7 



7 55.1 

8 17.5 



11 45 48 8 39-8 
11 45 36 9 01 9 
11 45 24: 9 23-9 



45 12: 9 45-8 

45 02 !0 7.6 



11 44 52.10 29-1 
11 44 4210 50.6 



11 44 33 11 
11 44 25 U 



11.8 

329 



11 44 18 11 53.9 



6 324 566 354 5311 44 11 12 14.6 

6 334 556 374 51 

6 344 546 3 

6 364 526 3! 

6 374 51 H 411 47 



Moon s 
Declin 
ation. 



25.0 
26.0 
27.0 
28.0 
29.0 
0.5 



2.5 

15 
5.5 
6.5 

7.5 

10.5 
11 5 



11 44 05:12 35-2 

U 43 59:12 55.5... 

11 43 5513 15.7jl25 

11 43 5l!l3 35.ai3.5l 



6 38:4 506 424 4641 43 4843 55.4 14.5 
J304 ; 6 40|4 486 444 44 11 43 4614 14.9J15.5 



39n 
5 16 
9 38 

13 30 
16 30 

18 24 

19 02 
18 22 
16 29 

13 35 
9 55 

5 44 

1 22 
3 OOs 

6 

7 12 
10 58 

14 06 
16 36 

18 16 

19 04 
18 58 
18 00 
16 08 
13 29 

10 05 

6 05 
1 40 
3 00 

7 40 

11 57 



Moon Rises or Sets 



Toronto. Montreal 



!. !-> .-. 



h. in. > n. m. 

5 56 a i 5 56 a 

6 27 

7 03 

7 41 

8 24 

9 12 
10 05 



11 05 

08m 
\ 15 

2 2i> 

3 27 

4 32 

5 36 
Sets. 

6 15 a 

6 4s 

7 26 

8 06 

8 59 

9 40 

10 33 

11 28 

28m 



6 27 

7 01 

7 38 

8 20 

9 07 

10 00 

11 00 



29 
33 
3.8 
46 
56 



04m 

1 11 

2 17 

3 24 

4 31 

5 36 
Sets. 

6 12 

6 44 

7 21 

8 01 

8 46 

9 35 

10 28 

11 24 

25m 

1 26 

2 33 

3 38 

4 47 

5 58 



TWILIGHT. 



10 

30 



Toronto. 


Montreal. 


CO 

.= 
tc . 
< 
H 


~ji ^ 
"~ 


M 

.5 7 

th . 

s* 


<B . 

*~ J? 

i. 


h. m. 
4 2-2 
431 
1 4.> 

4 3i; 


h. m. 

1 10 
7 OU 
4! 
Ii -27 


h. m. 
4 -21! 
4 IK 
4 1", 
,) US) 


h. m. 
7 1^ 
7 O i 
6 4. > 

<; -i; 



ECLIPSES OF 



. Green w. 
d. h. m. s. 
9-20.)*: 
Ji }> .I ) t>!.( 
T. SOU 46Jl.fi 
1 1 . e.; -2-i 54 33.2 
V. iVliatdl.:! 



Toronto. 

h. m. 
15 40 im. 
!7 n:i im. 
Hi :*> im. 
17 33 em. 
17 04 im. 



26.] NOVEMBER HAS THIRTY DAYS. 


[149. 


FARMERS AND GARDENERS CALENDAR. 




Preparations ought now to be made for the winter. All farming implements may be well 


dried, cleaned and carefully stowed away. Fences put into good order ; sheds prepared for 


sheep and cattle; feeding troughs provided, and as soon as the frost sets in, and the snow falls, 


a systematic course commenced with reference to the rations of food given to different varie 


ties of stock, to be continued throughout the winter. If the farmer have more stock than he 


can conveniently supply with proper food during the ensuing five months, let him seize the 


first opportunity to dispose of those he cannot well provide for. Stables and stalls 


should be 


carefully cleaned and ventilated, and means provided for supplying cattle with a fresh supply 


of water several times during the day. Examine cuts for the drainage of surface water. 


providing an immediate escape for whatever may be in furrows and hollows in the fields. 


^THE KITCHEN GARDEN. Gather whatever vegetables and herbs are still to 


be found : 


Cabbages when well dried may be hung in a warm cellar where frost will not be liable to 


injure them. Parsnips, Carrots and Onions maybe sown with much advantage just before! 


the frost sets in; they will begin to vegetate early in the spring. Clear away leaves and put 


the garden in winter order. Examine stored fruit, carefully taking out decayed and bruised 
apples, &c., and giving them to Hogs, &c. &c. 


METEOROLOGICAL, TABLE FOR NOVEMBER. 




Toronto, Greenwich, Nicolet, 






U.C. England. L. C. 






o o o 
35.7 43.3 32.3 




Mean Highest Temperature 


57.2 57.4 46.2 




Mean Lowest Temperature 


11.8 27.1 




Mean Elasticity of Vapour 


0.185 0.278 




Mean Humidity of the Air 


84 92 






2.976 In. 3.285 In. 




Av< 


^ra^e Quantity of Snow. . 


2.9 In 






Uay 


Day 




Memoranda. 


of 


of 


Remarkable Bays, <fcc. 


Mon. 


Week. 




1 


Thur. 


Normal School, Toronto, opened, 1847. 




2 


Frid. 


Insurrection in L. Canada, 1838. 


3 


Satur. 


Princess Sophia born, 1777. 


4 


San. 


2-2nd Sunday after Trinity. 


5 


Mon. 


Michaelmas Term begins. 


6 


Tues. 


([ Last Quarter 6 m. past 5, P. M. 


7 


Wed. 


Battle of Tippecanoe, 1811. 


8 


Thur. 


Milton died, 1674. 


9 


Frid. 


Prince of Wales born, 1841. 


10 


Satur. 


Luther born, 1483. 


11 


1111. 


23rd Sunday after Trinity. 


12 


Mon. 


Montreal taken, 1775. 


13 


Tues. 


Sympathisers at Prescott, 1838. 


14 


Wed. 


$ New Moon 4 m. before 4, P. M. 


15 


Thur. 


Battle of Arcole, 1796. 


16 


Frid. 


James Ferguson died, 1776. 


17 


Satur. 


Michaelmas Term ends. 


18 


Sun. 


24tk Sunday after Trinity. 


19 


Mon. 


Battle of Arcola, 1796. 


20 


Tues. 


Quar. Ses and Dist. Court commences. 


21 


Wed. 


Princess Royal born, 1840. 


22 


Thur. 


5 First Quarter 7 m. past 9, P. M. 


23 


Frid. 


Lieut. Weir murdered, 1837. 


24 


Satur. 


John Knox died, 1572. 


25 


Sun. 


25^/t Sunday after Trinity. 


26 


Moa. 


East India Co. incorporated, 1700. 


27 


Tues. 


Princess Mary Adelaide born, 1833. 


28 


Wed. 


Battle of Bexar, 1835. 


29 


Thur. 


(i Full Moon 8 m. past 10, P. M. 


30 


Frid. 


St. Andrew. 



1849.] 



NOVEMBER BEGINS ON THURSDAY. 



[27. 



MOOJX ti PHASES. 

d. h. m. 
Last Quarter, ... 6 5 6 

New Moon, 14 3 56 

First Quarter,... 22 9 7 

Full Moon, 29 10 8 

Perigee, 2 6 

Apogee, 18 4 

Perisree 30 1 1 



Semidiamcter, at Greenwich Noon. 



Date. 



1 

10 
20 
30 



Of Sun. 



16 
16 
16 
16 



8.9 
11.0 
13.1 

14.8 



Of Moon. 



,16 23.6 
15 28.5 
45.7 
38.6 



14 
16 



1st OF NOVEMBER. loth OF NOVEMBER. 



THE 




Right 


Right 




PLANETS Meridian 


Ascen 


Decl. Meridian 


Ascen 


Dccl. 






sion. 






sion. 






h. in. 


k. 7/1. 


o / 


h. m. 


h. m. 


O 1 


Merc, i A Mor 


ningSt 


ar. 


10 38m 


14 17 


511 35 


$ Venus. JA Mor 
$ Mars. 3 43 in 


ningSt ar. !lO 7m 
6 25 #24 17 2 49 rn 


13 45 
6 26 


5 9 14 

A r 24 56 


2/Jupit r 


8 30m 


11 13 


.V 6 11! 7 43m 


11 21 


A" 5 22 


1? Saturn 


9 27 a 


12 


S 1 33 8 30 a 


10 


-S 1 46 


JUran silO 44 a 


1 29 


N 8 38 


9 47 a 


1 27 


N 8 28 


iveptune.! 











Pole Star on the Meridian Wd. 9k. 25m. 39s. P. M. U. 



1 

10 

20 
30 



QUEBEC. 



Sun. 



Rises. 



h. m. 

6 49 

7 2 
7 16 
7 30 



Sets. 



Twilight. 



Begins 

A. M. 



h. m. 
4 39 
4 26 
4 16 
4 8 



h. m 
5 
5 12 
5 26 
5 35 



Ends 
p. M. 



h. m, 
6 27 
6 16 
6 8 
6 3 



HALIFAX, N. S. 



Sun. 



Rises. ! Sets. 



h. m. 
6 44 

6 56 

7 10 
7 23 



h. m. 
4 43 
4 32 
4 22 
4 15 



Twilight. 



Begins Ends 

A. M. P. M. 



k. m. 
5 
5 10 
5 22 
5 34 



A. 7n. 
6 28 
6 18 
6 ,10 
6 4 



FREDERICTON, N. B. 



Sun. 



Rises. 



h. m. 

6 47 

7 
7 14 
7 27 



Sets. 



A. wi. 
4 41 
4 29 
4 18 
4 11 



Twilight. 



Begins 
A. M. 



A. m. 
5 1 
5 11 
5 23 
5 34 



Ends 
p. M. 

h. m. 
6 27 
6 17 
6 9 
6 4 



Day 

of 

Y r. 



D. 

305 
306 



307lb 44;4 44J6 



308 
309 
310 



31116 49i4 39J6 544 3411 43 5216 24.6 
312J6 51 4 37,6 564 32 H 43 57|16 42.1 
3136 524 3616 574 3lH 44 0216 59.3 
31416 53i4 356 58 ; 4 30 H 44 0817 15.9 
315 6 54|4 34 6 59|4 29lH 44 15 17 32.8 
316J6 55|4 3317 004 2811 44 2317 49.2 
24 27 H 44 31 18 5.2 
44 26iU 44 41 18 20.9 



Sun. 



Toronto. 



Sets. 



fi.m.lh.m. 



Montreal. 



Rises 



li.m. 



6 41 4 47J6 46 
6 43>4 4516 47 



Sets. 



h. m. 
4 42 



App. Noon 
shewing Sun s 
the Eq. of Declin n 
Time. , South. 



h. m. s. I 
11 43 4414 34.1 



4 41 11 43 4414 53.2 
11 43 4415 12.0 



39 



6 454 43;6 504 38 



11 43 4515 30.5 



6 47(4 416 51J4 37J11 43 4615 48.8 
6 4814 40l6 53;4 35 U 43 49.16 6.8 



J" 

s o 

8* 



D. 

16.5 
17.5 



Moon s 
Declin 
ation. 



15 30n 
17 59 



317 
318 
319 
320 
321 
322 
323 
324 
325 
326 
327 
328 
329 
330 
331 
332 
333 
334 



6 57 
59 
00 



I 



32l7 
3117 

30J7 

297 
28!7 



27.5 
28.5 
29.5 



6,4 2411 44 51 18 36. 2| 0.8 
7|4 23:11 45 0318 51.31 1.8 



8,4 2211 45 1519 6.0 



4 27|7 94 21 ill 45 2819 20.3 
54 27J7 114 21iH 45 41 19 34.3 



6 



4 26j7 124 20 ; H 45 5619 48.0] 
4 25:7 134 19;il 46 11 20 1.3 
4 24J7 144 18U 46 2720 14.3 
4 24j7 1614 18111 46 4420 26.8, 
4 237 17|4 17iU 47 0120 39.0! 9.8 



12^4 22 7 
1414 22;7 



154 21 7 21 



4 16:11 47 2020 50.8 ! 10.8 



4 1611 
4 15,11 



47 3921 
47 5821 



2.2U1.8 
13.212.8 



7 1G4 207 224 1411 48 1921 23.813.8 
7 18|4 20|7 24:4 14 ll 48 4021 34.0 14.8 
7 19 4 19 7 25,4 13 H 49 0221 43.8 15.8 



18.519 10 

19.518 56 
20.5U7 25 
21.5 14 45 
22.511 16 
23.5 7 15 
24.5 258 
25.5 1 26s 
5 42 
9 40 

13 5 

6 

15 50 

17 53 
19 4 
19 20 

18 43 

17 12 

14 54 
11 52 

8 13 

4 42 
30n 

5 10 

9 42 
13 46 

16 58 

18 55 



2.8 
3.8 
4.8 
5.8 
6.8 
7.8 



Moon Rises or Sets. 



Toronto. 



Rises. 



k. m. 

6 17 a 

7 5 

7 58 

8 58 

10 00 

11 7 

14m 



19 
23 
28 
29 
30 
Sets. 

5 23 a 

6 2 

6 45 

7 32 

8 23 

9 18 

10 15 

11 15 

16m 

1 18 

2 24 

3 32 

4 41 

5 54 
7 6 



Montreal 



Kises. 



h. m. 

6 14 a 

7 

7 53 

8 52 

9 55 
11 3 

10m 

1 17 

2 22 



3 28 

4 41 

5 32 
Sets. 

5 19 a 

5 57 

6 40 

7 26 

8 18 

9 13 
10 11 
H 12 

14m 

1 ]8 

2 24 

3 33 

4 44 

5 58 
7 10 



TWILIGHT. 



Toronto. 


Montreal. 


tn 

| 

S* 


ji 

^ <; 

W ^ 


M 

.5 si 

-ij . 

V J 

B 


in ~ 

3 > 

a* 


h. m. 
.) 
5 10 
5 21 
5 31 


h. m. 
6 28 
6 18 
6 11 
6 7 


li. m. 

.-> o 

5 7 
. ) 23 
.> 34 


A. 777. 

27 
6 22 
6 9 

6 4; 



ECLfl SES OF 

Jupiter s Satellites, 



i. 



M. T. Greenw. 
d. h. m. s. 
1 21 6 10.7 
8 22 59 43.3 
17 19-21 29.!l 
24 21 1 1 .V2.4 
II. 27 21 17 50.4 
IV. 11 20 30 37.4 



Toronto, 
h. m. 
15 49 iin, 
17 43 ini 

14 04 im. 
1558 irn. 
Iti 01 im. 

15 14 em. 



28.] 



DECEMBER HAS THIRTY-ONE DAYS. 



[149. 



PARKERS AIMS) GARDENERS CALENDAR. 

Among the great variety of occupations calling for the farmers attention, at different periods 
ie year, lew are so little appreciated as farming accounts. Accurate information respect 
ing every item of income or outlay is of the greatest importance. With the account book 
Should. also be associated a book of experiments and observations, wherein as occasion offers 
?ry circumstance respecting the operations of the farm may be recorded. Ample time offers 
urn-ing the long winter evenings for reviewing the course pursued, and the results arrived 
luring the past year, from which valuable information with reference to future proceedings 
may be derived. Good Husbandry implies not only an accurate knowledge of what has been 
Jone during the past three or four years, but it also requires that the proceedings of the next 
tnree years should as far as possible be marked out. Proper application of certain necessary 
;nanures, and the adoption of a profitable rotation of crops can then be pursued ; without such 
s impossible that a farmer can make his farm produce within one third, and in 
many cases one half, of what it is capable of yielding in the hands of a careful husbandman, 
feeding of cattle, thrashing of grain, sale of produce, &c. &c., will constitute the occupa- 
lons of the farmer during the day time, while the balancing of accounts, a reviewal of operations 
unrig the year that is nearly past, and the laying out of a plan for future action, will afford 
ample occupation during the long evenings of December. 



METEOROLOGICAL, TABLE FOIt DECEMBER. 



Mean Temperature 

Mean Highest Temperature 

Mean Lowest Temperature 



Toronto, ! Greenwich, 
U. C. England. 



27.4 

45.3 

0.3 



Mean Elasticity of Vapour ! 0.133 

Mean Humidity of the Air 83 

Average Quantity of Rain 1.560 In. 

Average Quantity of Snow ... i 6.0 In. 



40.6 

54.0 

25.4 
0.257 
92 
0.725 In. 



Nicolet, 
L. C. 



o 
17.2 

8.9 



Day 

of 

Men. 



Day 

of 
Week. 



Remarkable Days, &c. 



Memoranda. 



1 
2 
3 
4 

5 
6 
7 
8 
9 

10 
11 
12 
13 
14 
15 
16 
17 
18 
19 
20 
21 
2.2 
23 
24 
2> 
26 
27 
28 
29 
30 
31 



Satur. 

Sun. 

Mon. 

Tues. 

Wed. 

Thur. 

Frid. 

Satur. 



Mon. 
Tues. 
Vv ed. 
Thur. 
Frid. 
Satur. 



Mon. 

Tues. 

Wed. 

Thur. 

Frid. 

Satur. 

Smi. 

Mon. 

Tues. 

Wed. 

Thur. 

Frid. 

Satur. 

Sain. 



Battle of Austerlitz, 1805. 
Advent Saudi :/. 
Battle of Hohenlinden, 1805. 
Cardinal Richelieu died, 1642. 
Marshal Key shot, 1815. 
d Last Quarter 24 m. before 2 P.M. 
.Rebels defeated at Toronto, 1837. 
Air Pump invented, 1654. 
l- 1 ^ Sunday in M-ve.nl. 
Wilna taken by Russia, 1812. 
Charles XII. killed, 1718. 
Dr. Darwin born, 1732. 
Dr. Johnson died, 1784. 
G New Moon 21 m. past 10, A.M. 
St. Kustache destroyed, 1837. 
2nd Su/iday in Jldvent. 
Gen. Bolivar died, 1830. 
Sir H. Davy born, 1778. 
Battle of Niagara, 1813. 
Gray born, 1716. 
Battle of Ferozepore, 18-15. 
D First Quarter 23 m. past 2, P. M. 
3rd 8 undcn/ in Advent, 
Treaty of Ghent, 1814. 
Christmas Lay. 

Belgian independ ce arknowledg.lSSOi 
(29) Coleridge born, 1772. 
@ Full Moon 17 m. before 9, A. M. 
\t Sunday eftfr Christmas. 
Wickliffe died, 1387. 



1849.] 



DECEMBER BEGINS ON SATURDAY. 



[29. 



MOON S PHASES. 

d. h. m- 
Last Quarter,. . . 6 1 36 

New Moon .13 22 21 

First Quarter, . . 22 2 23 

Full Moon, 28 20 43 

Perigee, 15 I 3 00 

Apogee 28 23 00 



Semidiameter, M Greenwich 



Date. 



Of Sun. 



1 

10 
20 
30 



i 



16 15.0 
16 16.1 
16 16.9 
16 17.3 



_Of Moon. 
i " 

16 39.6 

15 4.1 
14 57.5 

16 41.0 



I 



THE 

J,ANTS 



1st OF DECEMBER. 



Meridian 



h. m. 
Morni g 



Right 

A=cen- 
sion. 



/i. m. 
Star. 
MorniViStar. 



1 32m 

6 48m 

7 26 a 

8 43 a 



6 11 
11 29 

8 

1 25 



Decl. 



Ne rSun 



15th ojj; DECEMBER. 



Meridian 



Ascen- 
sion. 



Decl. 



.V25 50; 15m 
:V 4 37! 5 58m 



h. m. I h. m. \ 
Ev ning Star. N 
10 38m46 14 U 20 2u 



Merc. 
$ Venus. 
$ Mars. 
l^Jupifr 
T? Saturn 
# [Iran s 
-N eptune.i 

Pole Star on the Meridian IM. Ih. 27m. 25s. P. M. U. 



S 1 49 
:V 8 18 



6 31 a 

7 46 a 



5 48 1^26 24 
11 33 IN 4 10 

9 IS 1 44 

1 24 -.N 8 12 



QUEBEC. 



Sun. 



Rises. Sets, 



1 

10 
20 
30 



h. 7/1. 
7 31 
7 41 
7 48 

7 52 



li. m. 
4 7 
4 6 
4 8 
4 15 



Twilight. 



Begins 

A. yi. 



h. 7/1. 

5 36 
5 45 
5 51 

5 55 



Ends 

P. M. 

h. m. 
6 3 
6 2 
6 5 
6 11 



HALIFAX, N. S. 



Sun. 



Rises. : Seta. 



h. m. 
7 24 
7 33 

7 40 
7 44 



h. m. 
4 15 
4 13 
4 16 
4 23 



Twilight. 



Begins 
A. M. 

h. m. 
5 29 
5 41 
5 47 
5 51 



Ends 
p. M. 



. 7/1. 

6 10 
6 5 
6 9 
6 15 



FREDERICTON, N. B. 



Sun. 



Rises. 



h. in. 

7 28 
7 58 
7 45 

7 48 



Sets. 



h. in. 
4 tl 
4 9 
4 11 

4 18 



Twilight. 



Begins 

A. V 



/(. m. 
5 35 
5 43 
5 50 

5 on 



Ends 

I . M. 

//. m. 
6 4 
6 3 
6 6 
6 11 



Day 
o 
Y r. 



D. 



Sun. 



Toronto. 



h. m h. m. 
7 194 19 



Montreal. 



Kises 

/. . ///. //.m 



7 20 



3367 21 4 19J7 27 



App. Noon 

she wi ni; 

the Kq. of 

Time. 



Sun s 

Declin n 

South. 







o 1 ^ 

Z- 



,Moon Rises or Set 



Moon s 



Toronto. 



utioru 



Kisea. 



m. s. 



D 



4 13 

4 13 Ji 49 48 22 2.1 17.8 18 22 



ft. 



. 



11 49 24i21 53.1J16.819 24n; 6 42 a 



Montrea 



3377 224 18)7 284 12 H 50 11J22 10.618.816 



339:7 244 18,7 30J4 12 11 51 
1467 254 1817 31 4 Hill 51 






343 
3-J-l 
315 
346 
347 
34N 

350 
351 



7 26 4 18 

7 274 17 

7 284 17 

2 J4 17 

304 18 



31 



IS 



7 324 18 
334 19 
3-1 4 1 9 
354 19 



: 354 19 
.X53.7 3(i4 20 

3557 374 21 



324 11 11 51 52 ; 22 40.3*2.8 

11 52 1822 46.723.8 

11 52 4622 52.624.8 

11 53 13J22 58.025.8 

11 53 4l!23 3.026.8 



7 35(4 11 



364 
37i4 
384 



404 
41 14 

42 -1 



: 

n 
H 

12 

; 
, 



7 4314 13 

7 444 i-1 
7 44^4 14 



i 374 21 ~ 444 
357 7 :;: ! 22 7 44J4 15 
35X7 38 : 4 22 7 45 I 15J12 00 



! 7 46 
; 8 54 
10 3 



, 

234 18J7 29|4 12J11 50 36122 18.6 19.8 12 46 

8 48 11 10 
2622 33.5 21 > 4 29 
_._ 6 

7 334 11 11 52 1822 46.723-8 4 15s 
7 344 11 11 52 4ri22 o 2.6 24. 8 8 20 



11 55 
14 57 



55 



6 

36 



11 54 9i23 7.527.8 17 18 
11 54 3823 11.62-:.8J18 50 
11 

ll 

; 

. 



23 15.2)29.8 
18.3 l.o| 
523 21.0 20 
34.23 23.2 3.0 



5T 4 23 25 9 
57 34 23 26.2i 



11-58 4 23 27.0 



11 58 

Jl f. i 



3-1:23 27.4 
4 ! 23 27.2 



11 59 3423 26.6 



5.0 
6.0 

7.0 

8.0 
90 



360 
3fi! 



25.5 10.0 



- 2-: 1 46J4 17 
7 31)4 25 7 464 1* 
362 j 7 394 25 7 4 

7 474 19 

/ 464 20 

1665 7 394 27|7 4ti 4 2 1 



d 

19 28 
19 11 
is 00 
16 00 
13 15 
9 54 

6 00 

1 42 

2 5()7i 

7 20 



17m 

1 19 

2 22 

3 22 

4 24 

5 22 

6 19 
Sets. 

5 27 a 
17 
11 
7 
4 



h. m. 

6 36 

7 41 

8 49 

10 UO 

11 7 

16rr 



19 

23 
24 

27 



6 





5 00 

6 24 
Sets. 
5 21 

11 



10 

1.1 

12 



6 

2 



10 1 

11 5 

12 7 



1 12m; 



31 23 13.015.019 



7 394 237 454 16 12 00 3423 23.911.0 11 32 2 19 
12 01 32:; 21.9. 12.015 12 3 27 

i2 01 S3 23 19.6 13.0jl7 58 , 4 38 
1.2 02 223 16.-1 I4,o;i9 21 - 5 49 

Rises. 
5 23 
7 43 



12 <;3 

12 03 29| 23 



9.016.0,17 31 
4.717.0114 35 



21 

30 

42 
5 54 
Rises. 
5 17 a 
7 38 



TWILIGHT. 



II 

- 



Toronto. 



. 



5 32 6 7 
5 40|6 7 
5 40J6 10 



Montreal. 




. 



i: 

i.i r 
i; 4 

t! 7 
(J 10 



rxursEs op 

lapiiur s Satellites. 



I. T. (Jrccnw. iToror.to. 

d h m s h m 

:; 17 -;:; .< !! -.MIJID. 

10 1! 2!l 1-.- I |:; JIM. 
17 ili :; l.0106im. 
vil I? 44 27.P I-J -; 

II. 2-j 1 J hi -;:?.;; i;; no jm. 
2i>l .">! 2.3 15 04 im.j 

ri. 5 lit iti i?.-. !!:; ;>! ini. 

522- :- I l.fl < ?! cm. 
31-2J r)2- .:- ; lC.-)6 inv. 



SO 


SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 




TABLE OF SEHlI-OIUStNAJL ARCS. 


CALCULATED FOR THE PRINCIPAL PLACES IN BRITISH NORTH AMERICA. 


Decl 


TORONTO. 
N. 430 SO . 4. 


KINGSTON, 

.ft". 44 8 .0. 


HALIFAX, N. S. 
./V. 440 3(1 .3. 


MONTREAL, 
^. 45 31 . 


FREDERICTON. 
TV. 40 3 . 


QUEBEC, 
If. 40o 49 . 2. 




North. 


South. 


North. 


South. 


North. 


Soutm 


North. South. 


North. 


South. 


North. 


South. 


O 1 


h. m. 


h. m. 


h. TO. 


A. m. 


A. m. 


ft. m. 


h. m. h. TO. 


h. m. 


/*. m. 


h. m. 


h. w. 


I 


3.S 


5 56.2 


6 3.9 


5 .5(5.1 


6 4.0 


5 50.0 


6 4.1 


5 55.9 


4.1 


5 55.9 


G 4.3 


."/.jo .7 


2 


6 7.6 


5 52.4 


6 7.7 


5 52.3 


6 7.9 


.5 52.1 


6 8.3 


5 51.7 i <) 8.3 


5 51.7 


6 8.5 


5 51 .( 


3 


e 11.5 


5 43.5 


6 11.7 


5 4S.3 


6 11.9 


5 48.1 


6 1-2.2 


5 47.8 


(J 12.5 


5 47.5 


G 12.7 


5 47 .3 


4 


G 15.3 


i 5 44.7 


15.5 


5 44. .5 6 15.9 


5 44.1 


6 10.3 


5 43.7 


e W.6 


5 43.4 


17.1 


5 42 . 9 


5 


6 19.1 


5 40.9 


6 19.4 


5 40.0 


6 19.9 


5 40.1 


u -Ji!.3 


5 39.7 


6 20.7 


5 39.3 


21.3 


5 38.7 


C 


6 22.9 


5 37.1 


6 23.3 


5 36.7 


(i 23.* 


5 (!.-> 


6 24.4 


5 35.6 


6 24.9 


5 35.1 


6 25. G 


5 34.4 


7 


20.7 


5 33.3 


-27.2 


5 32.8 


6 27.8 


5 32.2 


6 28.5 


5 31.5 


6 29.1 


5 30.9 


29.8 


5 30.2 


8 


6 30.5 


5 20.5 


6 31.1 


5 2S.9 


6 31.8 


5 2*. 2 


6 32.6 


5 27.4 


6 33.1 


5 2G.fi 


6 34.1 


5 2.1.9 


9 


6 34.8 


5 25.2 


C 3.5.3 


5 24.7 


36.2 


5 23.8 


6 37.1 


5 2-2.9 


6 7. ft 


5 22.1 


(i 3- . 9 


5 an 


10 


6 38.7 


5-21.3 


6 39.4 


5 20.6 


6 40.3 


5 1.9.7 


G 41.4 


5 18. G 


42.2 


5 17.8 


(i 43.3 


5 l(i.7 


11 


4:2.7 


5 17.3 


6 43.5 


5 16.5 


44.5 


5 15.5 


6 45.7 


5 14.3 


6 46. 5 


5 13.5 


6 47.8 


5 12.2 


12 


6 46.8 


5 13.2 


6 47. (5 


5 1-2.4 


(i 48.2 


5 11.8 


6 50.0 


5 10.0 


C 50.9 


5 9.1 


6 52.4 


5 7.6 


13 


6 51.0 


5 9.0 


6 51.8 


5 K2 


fi 53.0 


5 7.0 


6 54.4 


5 5.0 


6 55.4 


5 4.0 


6 56.3 


5 3.7 


14 


55.1 


5 4.9 


6 56.0 


5 4.0 


6 57.4 


5 2.6 


6 58.8 


5 1.2 


6 59.9 


5 0.1 


7 l.G 


4 58.4 


15 


C 59.2 


5 0.8 


7 00.2 


4 59.8 


7 1.7 


4 58.3 


7 3.2 


4 56.8 


7 04.5 


4 55.5 


7 6.3 


4 53.7 


16 


7 3.6 


4 56.4 


7 4.7 


4 55.3 


7 6.2 


4 53.8 


7 7,9 


4 52.1 


7 9.2 


4 50.8 


7 11.4 


4 48.0 


17 


7 8.0 


4 52.0 


7 9.0 


4 51.0 


6 10.7 


4 49.3 


7 12. (i 


4 47.4 


714.1 


4 4.5. (1 


7 16.0 


4 44.0. 


18 


7 12.3 


4 47.7 


7 13.5 


4 4ii.5 


7 15.4 


4 44.6 


7 17.3 


4 42.7 


7 lt.7 


4 41.3 


7 21.0 


4 o!).0 


19 


7 16.7 


4 43.3 


7 18.1 


4 41.9 


7 20.1 


4 36.9 


7 22.0 


4 38. 


7 23.7 


4 30.3 


7 20.1 


4 33.9 


20 


7 21.2 


4 3-.,- 


7 2-2.6 


4 37.4 


7 24.8 


4 So. 2 


7 3G.9 


4 33.1 


7 96.5 


4 31.0 


7 31.3 


4 28.7 


21 


7 20. 


4 34.0 


7 27.5 


4 32.5 


7 29.7 


4 30.3 


7 32.1 


4 27.9 


7 34.0 


4 20.U 


7 30. (i 


4 23.4 


22 


7 30.7 


4 2!.3 


7 3-2.3 


4 27.7 


7 34.7 


425.3 


7 37.2 


4 2-2.8 


7 3.l 


4 20.9 


7 41.7 


4 18.3 


23 


7 3.5.0 


4 24.4 


7 37.3 


4 22.7 


7 39.8 


4 20.2 


7 42.4 


4 17.6 


7 44.5 


4 15.5 


7 47.6 


4 12.4 


24 


7 40.4 


4 19.6 


7 4-2.3 


4 17.7 


7 44.9 


4 15.1 


7 47.8 


4 12.2 


7 50.0 


4 10. (i 


7 53.4 


4 O.G 


W ivr TIT A riivJ^nnTr 1 A T, masif Tt?\r ATWDXT rnrkTjrnvrmn. 



j .Director Captain J. H. Lefroy, R. A., F. R. S. Establishment Four N. C. Officers of the Royal Arti!- 
rtery, as Assistants. 

The Magnetical and Meteorological Observatory was founded by Her Majesty s Government in 1840, in 
[concert with similar Establishments in other Colonies, and in India. Similar Establishments have been 
maintained at Washington, Philadelphia and Boston, in the United States, and in most European countries. 

COLONIAL. 

Table of Precedence, 

FOR CANADA, NOVA SCOTIA, NEW BRUNSWICK, NEWFOUNDLAND, AND PRINCE EDWARD 

ISLAND. 

The Governor or Lieutenant Governor administering The Members of the House of Assembly. 

the Government. The Colonial Secretary, not being in the Executive 

The Lieutenant Governor [not administering the Gov- Council. 

eminent] or the Senior officer in command of the[The Attorney General. 

troops, if he is to succeed to the administration of, The Solicitor General. 

the Government in case of the death, or absence, of [The Senior Officer in Command of the Troops, except 

the Governor, Lieut. Governor, or Officer adminis-| in the cases already provided for. 

tering the Government. In the event of hostilities. The Archdeacon. 

the senior Officer in command will take this prece- The Treasurer, Receiver General, Paymaster] 

dency under any circumstances. General, or Collector of Internal Revenue, 

The Bishop. The Auditor General, or Ins|>ectur General of 

[The Chief Justice. Accounts. ( !iP_5 5 

The Master of the Rolls. The Commissioner of Crown Lands. r3- 

The Vice Chancellor. The Collector of the Customs. 

The Members of the Executive Council, and the Puisne The Comptroller of the Customs. ^ -3 

Judges, rank with each other according to the dates The Surveyor General. J Jeja 

of their Mandamuses. The Clerk of the Executive Council. 

The Speaker or President of the Legislative Council. The Clerk of the Legislative Council. 
The Members of the Legislative Council. The Clerk of the House of Assembly. 

The Speaker of the House of Assembly. 

Leave of absence of any of the Superior Civil Officers must be granted by the Governor and Council, who 
ust forthwith report such leave to the Secretary of Suite, but this regulation is not to be understood as apply! n:i 
Ho, or designed to prevent or to regulate any- vacation not exceeding six months in any one year, during whicli^ 
iany Civil Officer may apply to the Governor or Lieutenant Governor, and obtain from him alone a leave of 
(absence for the purpose of relaxation from business, without the necessity of reporting the same to the Secretary 
of State, nor will any abatement of salary be made, it being understood tliat the Officer absenting himself will, 
twitli theconcurrenceof the Governor,have made regulationsor arrangements for the proper discharge of his duties. 



SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 



31 



CANADA 



Provincial Executive. Crowai Land department. 

GOVERNOR GENERAL. His Excellency the Right; The Hon. James H. Price, Commissioner of Crown 
I Honorable James, Earlof Elgin and Kincardine, K.T., Lands ; Tancred Bouthiliier, Ass t Commissioner 
(Governor General of British North America, and Cap- Alexander McNabb, Cashier and Accountant ; Win. F. 
Itain General and Governor-in-Cliief in and over the Collins, C. W. Shay, and C. W. Magon, Assistant Ac- 
iProvinces of Canada, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick count ants ; J. Lansevinand T. C. Tarbutt, Correspond- 
land the Island of Prince Edward, and Vice Admiral of ing Clerks; David H. Morphy, Registrar; Thomas 
the same, &c. &c. &c. Hammond, W..F. Whitcherand N. F. Laurent, Clerks;] 

Major T. E. Campbell, Governor s Secretary; Lieut, j Felix Fortier, Clerk of Jesuits Estates and queen s 
Colonel the Hon. R. Bruce, Military Secretary ; Lie\it.\ Domain - 
iColonel Edmund W. R. Antrobus, Provincial Aid-de-\ Brasicli of t-Sie Crown !Lands Office, 
^Camp; Lieut. Colonel Alphonse De Salaberry, Extra (Formerly Surveyor General s Office.) 

Joseph JJouchette, Senior Surveyor and Draftsman ; 

"He her, 3rd do,; 
Chief Clerk ; 
, 3rd do. ; Moore 
Issistant do. 

Department of Public Works. 

The Hon. E. P. Tache, Chief Commissioner ; thel 
Hon. Malcolm Cameron, Assistant do.; Thos. A. Beg- 




[HER EXCELLENCY THE CODNTESSOF ELGIN AND KIN 
CARDINE receives Ladies who are desirous of calling 
upon her Ladyship at Monklamls, from 3 to 5 o clock 
on Thursday afternoon.] 

Executive Council. 

I The Hon bles Wm. Hamilton Merritt, P. C. ; L. H. 
JLafontaine, Attorney General East; James Leslie, 
Pronincial Secretary ; Robert Baldwin, Attorney 
.General West ; Francis Hinoks, Inspector General ; R. 
|K. Caron, Speaker Legislative Council; James H. 
(Price, Commissioner of Crown Lands; L. M. Viser, 
R. reiver General; E. P. Tache, Chief Commissioner 
of Public Works; Malcolm Cameron,. Assistant Com 
missioner of Public Works. 

Officers of the Executive Council. 

John Joseph, Clerk Ex. Council; William H. Lee, 
Ass t do. : Samuel Boies Smith, 1st Clerk ; F. Valle- 
rand, ind do. ; W. A. Hunsworth, 3rd do.; Olivier 
Cote, 4th do. ; Michael Naughton Messenger; David 
Ryan, Dour Keeper. 

Governor General s Secretary s Office. 

I Governor General s Secretary, Maj. T.E.Campbell; 1st 
CUrk, Henry Cotton ; "2nd do., W. R. Bartlett , 3rd do., 
Michael Tumor ; OJjice Keeper, Philip St. Hill ; Mes- 
vtngtr, George Boxyll. 

r.aw Officers of tne Crown. 

The Hon. L. H. Lafontaine, Attorney General East ; 
the Hon. Robert Baldwin, do. do. West ; L. T. Drmn- 
Imond, Solicitor General East ; Win. Hume Blake, du. 
fcfo. West ; Robert S. M. Bouchette, Clerk to the Altor- 
Oteyt General. 

Provincial Secretary s Office. 

The Hon, James Leslie, Provincial Secretary. 



WESTERN SECTION. 



E.A. Meredith, Ass t Prov. Sec y; T. D. Harrington, 



ly, Secretary. 

Inspector General s Department. 

The Hon. F. Hincks, fnspectar General; Joseph 
Gary, Deputy Inspector General ; Philip Durnford, 
Corresponding Clerk; Win. Uickinson, 1st Hook-keep 
er; Norris Godard, 2nd do. ; David Alexander Ross, 
st Clerk ; John Drissdale, 2nd do. ; Henry H. Duriill, 
rd do. ; Archabold Cary, 4th do. ; P. Gaul, Messenger. 
XSPKCTOR GENERAL S DEPARTMENT CC.STOMS BRANCH. 

John [W. Dunscomb, Surveyor of Customs ; Alex rj 
S. Merizies, 1st Clerk; Matiiew Jack, -iiid do. ; Joseph! 
Smith Lee, Extra, do.,- W. C. Crofton, Clerk of the 
Blue Book and Statistical Clerk. 

Customs Department. 

QUEBEC. 

Henry Jessopp, Collector; Charles G. Stewart, Land 
ing Waiter ; John Bruce, 1st Clerk ; James Pender- 
gast, 2nd do. , Charles Secretan, 3rd do. ; F. Thomp 
son, 4th do. ; J. Fletcher, Landing Waiter fy Searcher; 
J. P. Meara, do. ; Charles A. Allen, do. ; John File, 
Tide Surveyor ; Thomas Lambert, Tide Waiter : Ja8. 
Carrnichael, do. ; Edward Bartlett, Clerk to Landing 
Surveyor ; H. McCawlay, Messenger; H. Kavanagh, 
Sub-Collector at Gaspe ; J. Fraser, da. at New Carlisle; 
J. C. Belleau, do. at Magdalen; Edward Flyn, Coast 
Officer at Perce ; P. Gauvreau, do. Father Point ; G. 
Barnston, do. Sagucnay ; E.lward ]\Ian, do. Carlton ; 
McLean Stewart, Check Oj/icer ; George Henderson, 
Clerk of Ships; N. N. Ross, Extra Clerk ; E. Bartlett, 
do.; Thomas Lambert, Assistant Tide Surveyor. 

MONTREAL. 

William Hnll, Collector ; R. H, Hamilton, Landing 
Surceyor ; Thomas Thain, do. Waiter ; Henry Pratt, 
do.; James Mills, Tide Surveyor ; J. W . Oliver, 1st 



iChief Clerk ; Grant Powell, 1st Clerk ; Henry E.|Cfar*: J. Lewis, Znd do. ; J. N. Travers, 3rd do.: 
pteeie, 2nd do. ; Charles J. Birch, 3rd do. ; C. St. C. P. Stone, 4f/ do.; H. W. King, Clerk to Landing 
George Yarwood, Wi do.; and W. R. Wright, Eztra 1 Sunojor , J. J. King, Appraiser; Leon Giobenskie, 
ido. ; John Twomley, Messenger. ao _- ; J- Grvf,_O/icer at Luch:ne ; A. Henderson, Tide 



EASTERN SECTION. 

E. Parent, Ass t Proa. Sec y ; Thomas Ross, 
lerk ; Henry Jarmy, Ind do. : "Wiliiam H. Jones, 3rd 
fdo. , A. R. Roche, Wt dn. ; K. Tetu, 5th do. ; John 
(Bow, Office Keeper ; J. Dorr, Messenger. 

Provincial Registrar s Office. 

Richard A. Tucker, Provincial Registrar; Wm. 
<Cunt, 1st Clerk ; George Henry Lane, 2nd do. 



_ -* 1 - 

Waiter ; II. Fletcher, do. ; William Scholcs, Ware- 
.house Locker ; William McNider, Examining Wart- 
Isl^house Keeper. 

Inland Cnstouns L,o\ver Canada. 

ST. JOHN S. 

William Maerae, Collector; J.W.Taylor, Surveyor 
B. Burland, Guager ; William Le^ gatt, La ti (ling Wait 
er ; L. C. Vendale, do.; Fournier, Appraiser;* 

H. Crispo, Clerk ; Thomas Walking, do. 

BEAUCE T. J. Taschereau, Col. COMPTON Roberti 

r> d;~ nAn /~l~l 



Receiver General s Department. ; Vinccnt> C ol. COTEAU DU LAC-W.B. Simpson, Col. ,-, 

The Hon. L. M. Vicrer, Receiver General; Barnard D. Leahy, P, O. CLAREXCEVILLE Chas. Stewart, 

Turquand, Dy Rcc r General; Thomas A. Cary, 1st Col. DUNDEE L. H. Masson, Col. ; Caleb, 

Clerk; Charles K. Anderson, 2nd do. ; Isaac Brock Knight, Landing Wn tter. EATON II. F. Moore, Oot.i 

Stanton, 3rd do. ; James Thomson, Mestenftr. FRKLIOUSBURO A. Kemp, Col. ; A. Cooper, Preventvet \ 



32 



SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 




daugall, Landing Wait. SUTTO.N B. ifeaton, Col. STAN- vVuY. Wa rein" Cw". ; Win. ichev, " iw \Vu 

r"7? Tllol .l )SO!1 C "? ! And w Pattern, Surrcyor ; CUR(i _j hn Bell, Co/. WELU.NGToJi-Thonias Worth- 
W. McGowen, Win. G. Covvee r.nd V\ . I)i.\on, P.tjfr*. ington, Co/. 

Inland Customs Upper Canada. "injectors of Revenue Districts. 

TORONTO. Sa i n t Francis Chaunccy Bullock ; Jlaftern Philip 

Robert Stanton, Collector; John Roy, Surveyor ; VanUou^hnct -. OttflKB Don. McDonald, (P.) JaAns- 
/. Kcmptiill, Landing Waiter; Samuel Sherwood, ilo.;<toicn John Wcvuhcrhead ; al/,ttrst AnthouvLe^Iie 
Thomas Pearson, Clerk : William McKay, Office Kee^- : }} t ,i!ioiisieJ^h Itarreille ; Prince Edward Mam 
tr ; R. Cathcart, Appraiser. : s . Midland- James Sampson ; Pjctoira Antho- 

[ny Marshall ; Culborne Thomas Mi 1 burn ; Simcoe 



KINGSTON . 




John Davidson, Collector \ William Prin^, ...<,<,.,- 
or : J.H. Palmer, Landing Waiter; Josiiua VVeihcrall, 
i do. 



- McOrae ; G ore 

- (.\(,rth Division) Duncan McDougall ; Gore (South] 
Hon. John Wilson : Jluti/e (York Diction) 




win, Co/, 
oil, Pre 
A. Duff 
HEAD K 

Co/. : G. Nicholson, Surccyor ; II. N. Warren, Land 
ing Waiter; Jno. Maccionald, Pre. Cjficer. CORNWALL 
<!uy Cr.rlion Wood, Cc/. : Angus Macrloneil, Prer.cn- 



I.ieiu. Colonel Donald Greenfield Mr.Doiiell, 

4,}~,.*~~,i / * .... 7 1l r . . I . V . f~t.t 




oparfmnt. 

SvpennUni.crtt General ej Indian Again, The Gov- 
emor Genera s Secretary ; Js ,Si/^er / and Accmtnl- 




Sheelian, Cullector; S. Atnsden, Landing Waiter. 
DICKINSON S LANMUNR John Yerner, Col. EDVVARTS- 
BURG A. McMilbn. Col.; J.Jellyman, Preccni.ii Of 
ficer. FORT ERIE Hon. Jus. Kerhy, Col. ; E. Aurier- --*-- 

son, Stir..- O. ^cliryer, Landing Waiter. GRAKTON an/.,Gcormi V ureon ; buper t of Indian Ajjatrttu.d it- 

S. S. Walsh, C.,!. GANANOQUL; F.j.h. Webster, Cnl. ; ?* or c - ^ - D-C- Napier ; do. do. C. W., J B. Clench, 

Edw. Nalty, Luntliii" Waiter. GiMirRicn John Gall, on " on : T. G. Anderson, Cobourg; do. do. Mani- 

Col. HALLOWELL John P. Robiin, Col. MAHIATOWN, * ulln Islands, keorge Ironsides ; Interpreter, C. E., 

-A. McDoncll, Co.?. MAITLAND D. Jones, C[. : A Jfi* c . ""WU "" . C V r -> f ancfs A. TIem: 

Delmage, Landing 

mick, Col. ; ! . 

Waiter. NE-.V 

stone, > .vrr 

Co/. OWEN 

irUJSiif.NK William Simp 



ON Henry S Reid, Co/.; Wiu.Alitrhfll, ./.,r." JLunatic Asylnm, OToronto. 

PORT DALHOCSIE John Clark, Cnl..: I!. Tcurh. > //?.; I .. Commwwmers -Hon. J . ;- . Jameson, \V. i!. .Tarvis/ 
Homer. i.fT. ^-SBarcAer. PORT DofERP.H. Haycock, Sheriff, H. D., R.ev. H. J. Graseu, Rev. J. J. IlavJ 
Co!.; H. Forbes and Jas. Ryerse, >,/.. . ?i /. . 1 uri !!<!: Rev. J. Roaf, W. B. Beaumont, \V. C Guvnn e 
|-M. P. Whitfh<ja<l,Co/.-, W. R. Mc!.;:i!L h!in, Prevent- H. M.; AV. Cawthra, J. Eastwood, W..M. Kelly, M. J. 

"~!eirne, and J. Ewart, Inquires; G. 11. Pai" 



iye Officer. 



< I:\IA. R. K. Vidal. 



ILFORD RobtK.Bullock.CW. PORT O Beirr 



Thomas Forsytii, Landing idem Medital Superintendent; 



ark, !; 



. PORT STANLEY Richard Smith, Co/.; II. B. I Steward and Warden? M.rs. W. Ramsay, Matron. 

Members of tlie Ho;i. sle Legislative Council oi Canada.. 

The Honoral.Jo R. K. C.VRON, Sfpraker. 
iHon. R. S. Jameson. ..Toronto, 



Pel II. 

K. P.. Piillivan. 
R. !;. CLIOII. . . 
W. Morris ... 

G.PiMul er:on. . 
A. Frasor 



Montreal. 

.;, o. 

i C. 

.Montreal. 






Hon 
ti 

it 

, 

tt 
ii 

u 


F. P. Uriineau. . 
A Ferric 


JllOj/t 


lion. J. /". Irvji-.r;. . . . *~."Knnrke 
ouis Massue. ..Queiec. 

" I , liocciier Ue ? ,". , 
cltervi 


J. B. a : . . . 
I . II. Knowlton 
T. Me Kay. . . . 

G. ROV .:.... 

P. 11. Moore.. . 
A. i ion ; .c. . . . 


.lira: . 
. St. Li. 

<, hi. J 

.Lo::don. 
. Tor-.. 
bee. 


" . ; Jhruiffo. 
" Jf. Vinhey.. . . 
" .1. Ferricr !:."-lreal. 
" on... 1 ,-rth. 

" G. ,^. J oidlOll. . . C:i!:otiry. 
" E. P. Tacl.e.. . .Mo,, 
" James l#S}ic ...Montreal. 
" Fred. A. ciuesnel Montreal. 


G. J. Coodluie. . 
VV. Walker, . ! 



" .T. Crooks 7 - ; 

." x\. Fer!.;!i^son. 
" J. Macaulay.. 
" J. Hamilton.... " C. \Vidiner. 

s. Charles l!(> I, !>ry. Clerk: J. V. . Deputy Clf.r!; tir.il Mia- * -rrry.- 

f. Fenn ings Taylor, -<**sisf ant C/er&; Rev. W. A. Artamson, ( (.-,/ J.^irai-,::, .- E. L. Monti/.a 

/.ojr C/f - .- Jioi ert J,eiii )i :ic. l- mirh J r/i/i^inlur : \\~ . A. ",!ai;:i:y and E. J)oncet, C rrks ,- F. ; ;; . .!;;rv;--. ( 
U/??!njj fV. r r" f//c 7;/art jfeorf ; .i;iin(< Ailiiuson. C fier \"al!<T,-:i;(i, Sergeiml-ai-Armg Thomaf 

(Hrookf. Dnnr-krevrr : AT. Kfntirirr, . !:irf Mrtfrn^ tr nut! ftotu 



SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 



33 



Members of tlie kegisSative Assembly o Canada. 

The Hon. AUGCSTIN N. Moms, Speaker. 



NAMES. 



COXSTITCEX- 
CIEi. 

Beaziharnois.jMOl) Dewitt. 
Bellechasse . .Hon. A. N. Morin. 
Bertliier.. . .David M. Armstrong. 
Boiiaccidure. VViliam Cutlibert. 



Bytoicn, 

( Town) . 
Carlion. . . 
Ckambly. . 
Champlain 



\ Ge rge Sllenvood - 
ijohn Scott. 



NAMES. 



CONSTITUEN 
CIES. 

Leeds ..... Win. Duel Richards. 

Li luster . . . .Noruert Dumas. 
Lenox and 



CONSTITUEN 
CIES. 

Russell . . . . 



NAMES. 



AdTinT**. . Bc "J amin Se y nour - Shefford . . . 
.\Vm. HamiltonMerritt. Skerbrooke 
.(. has. F. Fournier. (Town).. 



Georse Byron Lyon. 
Hon. M. P. De Sales 

La Terriere. 
Lewis T. Drummond. 



(Town). 
T )urchesler. 



.Edward Malloch. 
.Pierre Beaubien. 
.Louis Guillet. 

Hon. John H. Cameron 

.Frangois Lemieux. 
Orummond . .Robert Nugent Watts. 

Dundas John Pliny Chrysler. 

Durham .. . .James Smith. 

Essex John Prince. 

x runtenac Henry Smith, jr. 

.Robert Christie. 

.John S. McDonald. 

.Read Piurritt. 

.David Thompson. 

.John Weteuhall. 



Lincoln 
V Islet . . . 
London . . . 
Lolbinierc 
Meganlic.. 
Middlesex 



.John Wilson. 
Joseph Laurin. 
Hon. Domiuiclt Daly. 
..\Villiam Notman. 



Missisi/iivi.. .Hon. William Badglcy. 
jUoH<torecy Joseph Cauchon. 
Montreal, < Hon. L. H. Lafontaine 
(City) . . I Benjamin Holmes. 



Simcoe. . . 
Slanstead.. 
Stormont. 



Hon. Wm.B. Robinson 
..John McConnell. 
.Alexander McLean. 



i Sir Allan Napier Mc- 



J\ tagara, 

( Town) . 
Nicolet . . 
Norfolk 



Ottawa. . 

Oj/onl 

Pcterboro 



Ouspc. . 
Gleiirrary.. 
Grencille. . 
laldimand 
\Halton . . . 
i Hamilton, < 

,ty)..\ nab, Kt. 

,-iirs Bi la Flint. 

{Huntingdon . J ancrcde Sauvageau. 

Huron Hon. William Cnyley. 

i Kumouraska. l\ Cimac dit Marquis. 
Kent Hon. Malcolm Cameron 

Hon. J. A. McDonald. 

Lanark Robert Bell. 

PERMANENT OFFICERS. Wm. B. Lindsay 



Walter H. Dickson. 

i 

.Thomas Fortier. 

.Hon. 11. J. Boulton. 



Kort/tumvrl d.\<-\am H. Meyers. 



.John Egan. 

.Hon. Francis Ilincks. 

.James Hall. 

i orlneuf . . . Antoine J. Duchesnay. 
Prescoli. . . .Tlios. II. Johnson. 
Prince Efa dDavlA B. Stevenson. 
Quebec, ( F. II. Methot. 
(Oily). . ) Jean Chabot. 

%V y )S picrreJ - ac!muveau - 

Richelieu Wolfred Nelson. 

R/mouski . ...Joseph Charles Tache. 
Ruuville. . ..Pierre Davignon. 

Clerk ; G. B. Fairkault, Jss t do. 



St. HyacintheThomas Boutillier. 
> i. Maurice.. Hon. L. J. Papineau. 
Terrtboime. -Hon. L. M. Vigor. 
Three Jiivers.A.. Polette. 
Toronto, > Hon. Henry Sherwood. 

(City).. 5 Wm. Henry Boulton. 
TaoMoun- ^ Wm _ Henry Scott. 

tains . . . > 

Vandreuil. ..Jean B. Mongenais. 
Vercheres... George Cartier. 
Waterloo . ...James Webster. 
H ell and. . ..Duncan McFarland. 
ii i-nl i-orl/i.. ..Harmanus Smith. 
. .M. F. dit Leveille. 



York, 

(.\. Riding) 
York, 

( S. Riding) 



Riding) 



Hon. Robert Baldwin. 



Hon. James II. Price. 


Win. Hume Blake. 



G. W. Wieksteed, Law Clerk 



;. \\in.ii. ijinosay, o((r/i; vr. r>. r uiruuuii, j^ss uu. , vj. ... .i-tvc 

and English Translator ; W. B. T indsay, Ass t do. . W. P. Patrick, Clief Office Clerk; Thomas Vaux, 2nd 
do. and Accountant ; Wm. Ross, Chief Clerk of Committees ; Alfred Patrick and Alfred Todd, Clerks of do. j 
Henri Vover, French Translator; G. I.evesque, Jss t do. \ D. P. Myrand, do. do.; J. Huston, do.do.; P. t. 
Gagnon Clerk of French Journals ; G.M.Muir, Clerk of English do. : William Winder, Librarian; Alpheus 
Todd, Ass-tdn.; George K. Chisholrn. Sergcant-at-Arms ; J. B. Moraud, Thaddeus Patrick, Henry Hartney, 
King Barton, W. II. Lemoine, W. Spink, L. Berthelot, and H. B. Stuart, Junior Clerks; A. L. Cardinal, 
Cldi f Messenger ; Robert Defries, Postmaster; John Cameron, Assistant Messenger ; John O Connor, Uoor- 
Kceper. Felix Fortier, Clerk of the Crown in Chancery. 



JUDICI AH Y 



COURTS OF JUSTICE CANADA WEST. 

Court of Appeal. 

OSGOODE HALL, TORONTO. 



"Nnitn, i>. V-.. Lt. Jarnes Aie.\ancier, meseengcT ami j\ccittr. oikiuigB cum 

il ter each Uncen s Bench Term, and last according to the quantity of business brought before the Court. j 
rndependeiitly of these stated sittings, the Court meets by adjournment from time to time for dispatch of j 
,usiiiess. Office of the Clerk of the Court of Appeal in the buildings next adjoining the Bank of British North 
America, on Wellington Street, Toronto. 

Court of CHaiicery. 



OSGOODE HAM,, TORONTO. 

Vice Chancellor The Hon. Roberts. Jameson , Master 
III to the 201 h January^-, second, from the M\\ to 

Long vacation, 



Chancellor ll\s Excellency the Governor General ; Vice 

i;td Kegistrar John G. Bpratge. Ti-:R MS: First, from the . . 

tte 21st April ; third, fro m the 2nd to the i-llh July ; fourth, from the Urd to Lhe 13th December. 
Voin loth August to 1st October. 

Court of Queen s Beiicl*. 

OSOOODE HALL, TORONTO. 

Ckief JuMce lion. John Beverley Robinson; Puisne Judges Won. James B. Macau! ny, Hon. Archibald 

McLeiU . ,* Hpn. W. H. Draper. Clerk* oj S?fi.n William A. Campbell, Home, 

Charles Joi.r-, J homas McLean, W. J. Draper. TKK.MS o SITTIX<; : ffi!ii,-ri T, rui lieimis on 5th, and ends 
on 17th of Feliruary : Easier Term begins 0:1 I ith, and ends on i rd Juno : i r -nitii Term begins on alHh July, 
aid ends on llth August , Alichactmus Term begins on oth, and ends on i7th November. 



* The demise of the Hon. Jonas Jones, one of the Judges of the Court of Queen s Bench, leaves a vacancy here. 
Should it b^ filled up before the issuing of tin s ;ip jinm.iTit will bo noted in ;. supplementary 

sheet, ns well as any other changes that may "u.:vc place in the interval, by Government appointments or 
otherwise. 



34 SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 


Circuit Courts. 


DISTRICT. 


.DISX.R.IOX TO\V\. , / 1 

1 Days of Opening. 


Fall Circuit, ltj4U. 
Davs of Opening. 


. . . .liatimrst , Perth . . 


/, May rf 
Monday, May 7 


Thursday, October A5. 


. Woo istock 

. . . . Colbornc 1 lYferl.nrn . . 


Monday, October -22. 
i riduy, October 19. 
\( ;\\ lay, Octobe* 9. 
1 i.i sday, September 25. 
i lmrsday, October 4. 


sie 
.... 
. . . .Gore 


. . . .Bvtown 


Wednesday, Mav u 
ly, Apri i 3.: 
Wednesday, April 2o 
;, May 8 

Thursday, April 19 
Thursday, May 10 
Tuesday, April 10 
, y, June ~> 


. . . .Cornwall 
. . . .Hamilton 


.... Huron 


(.cderich 


. . . .Johnstown 
. . . .London 
. . . .. Midland 
.... 


Broekville 
London 
Kini Mon 
Cohourg 


Monday, October 1. 
Tuesday, September 1?. 
Fri.iay, ;: ; e;itember 21. 
Monday, October 15. 
>ionday, September 10. 
.Moniiay, October 15. 
Wednesday. Octobers. 
1 liursday, October 18. 


. . . .Ottawa 

. . . .J rince Edward 


L Orignal 

. . . .1 icton 




. . . . Si.ncoc 


Barrie 




. . . .Talbot 


Simeoe 


Friday, May 11 
Wednesday, May 3d 

Wednesday, May ^ 
Tuesdav, Mav 1 


. . . .Victoria 
.... i 
....>.. 


Belleville 
Guelph 

. . . .Sandwich 


Monday, October 8. 
3!ondav, September 10. 


Crown Office. 

rk of His Crtnni ami Common Picas Charles C. Small, Esq. ; Clerk in Court John Eadenhurst, Esq. ; 
-Icrkin Practice Court- tt Tdiam P,. Ueward, Esq. OKFK-E William H. Co.xwell, Esq., Mr. Thomas Coxwell, 
Mr. Robert Pearson, Mr. George Goldsmith, Mr. William Innes. 

DEPUTY CLERKS OF THE CROWN. 

Niagara District. .W. D. Miller. Western District. .P. II. Morin. [Johnstown Dis t. .T. D. Campbell, 
do. . .Alex. Stewart. Newcastle do. ..H.W.Jones. Bathurst do. . .Charles Sache. 
do. ..A. B. Bapeljc. Colborne do. . .W. H. Writrhton. jDnihousie do. . .R. Billings, Jr. 
do. . .Richard Foquete. Victoria do. . -W. II. Ponton. Ottawa do. ..T.H.Johnson. 
lington do. . .William Hewitt. I rinceEdw d do. .C. Mortimer. Eastern do . .G. C. Wood. 
11 do. . .John Harris. Midland do. . .John S. Smyth. Simcoe do Ll.U.Gowan. 
Huron do. . .Morgan Hamilton 



Court of Probate. 

Official Principal Seeker Brougli, Toronto. Registrar Charles Fitzgibbon, Toronto. 

Court of Quarter Sessions, II. C. 



:< ld Quarterly in e 
:col the Distric 



each District, and by ad 



and by ad ioiirnmcnt from lime to time, for a period not exceedin" 

:col the District Court is ex, offcio Chairman 01 tiie Ciuarter Sessions, wlio, together wUh 
le or more s ot the District, constitute the Court. The Court has jurisdiction over all cases of 

. and otuer minor offences. Triats are by Jury. To tiiis Court is also confided the 
: of -iavern Licenses in the respective Districts, the auditing of certain Public Accounts relating to 
; Adl1 " ol Justice in the District, &c. SITTINGS The lirst Tuesday in the months of January 

April and July, and the third Tuesday in November. 

District Courts, U. C. 




d t,o a Jury. TEK^S : 5th io l(;th M;ircli -Vtli to t;tli Junij": 2 ~;id to"^7iii bci.jber"r 
jtd (o till LvcciiiLer. SlTTlSos S.ame as Ciuarter Scssu::.,-, 

Division Courts, II. C. 




Co-.iri oS 

>, and of Eastern Canada, established i 
eeii ;ea of tlie respective District Courts, or Comiuj^sionere of Bankrupts 

.iar Distri, 

i I ; - rs of the several Districts arc giv:.:i in subsequent Tables. 

I3i:.olvcnt S>ebtoi-& Court, U. C. 

Court hri - . i y Statute, and it is intended for the 

. TJie lua (f, or C(ui:u;issioner 

, is the Judge of.tl . Court for the Disirict, before whom 

ir protection from arrest, on surrendei i;ig the whole of their property for the behoof 



SCOB1E & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 35 



COURTS OF JUSTICE CANADA EAST 

Court of Appeal. 

Lower Canada, establish:. I an cr the Act 7 Vic. chap. 1-, is composed of 
f ttueen s ik ucli, any four of whom form a quorum. ** tf , , 



_.S fron/ ih? Jst ,o SSlOth March, June and November, both days inclusive. The Court site alternately 
n Quebec and Montreal. 

Court of Queen s Beiien. 

MONTREAL. 

f rinilml Jurisdiction hold at ^lontrcal tro n * .",* 

1 /" J ? F t a HnTl f^llTrlPS 1") 13a^ r llO l- - lit!), tl-l I Lllk- A>_/n. -uu^vu-* ~~ *->-.*.., ~ .~.,~ 

Roch Rolland, c " f ju ^ ce ^ H Coffin and L. j! A. Papineaa, Pru!ko;ioiur>j -. A. M. CVeri o/^e 

/ttd^es; S.^W^MonlM^W^C..^ ^ r ^^ s / ter jf. jj, ph Joaes and Charles Coursol, Cur oners ; Benj. 

Oelisle, High Constable ; Cl arles B. ^ " l er j, -^\>pter Devin, Militant Crfer 5 Thomas McGinn, Gao/er. 
Translator and Ii,lerpre,,er ; George Stanley, OYir , l "t-^utv m_., ^^ ^.^ ^ 3f/r ^-S. W. Monk, L. J. A. 
Commissioners for rcmcin^^Miua^jur ^ ^^-^ Joseph Jones, Win. Ross, J. Belle, Etienne Guy, P. 
I a Kd I rV,G. n WeeI! A. LeBlaac, Charles A. Terrou x, and A. Pellctier. 

Q0EBEC. 

Tlnrnnot Chief Justice for C. E. ; the Hon. Edward Bowen, Philip Panet, and Thomas C . 
IS*, WilUam S. Sewell, Sheriff: E, Burroughs and L. Fiset, Prothonotary ; Jas. Green, 
Clerk of th^Croicu : 15. A. Panet *?^j A D ^,^ t> ancrftoni 1 1th to 2=th August. Civil Superior, 7th to 31st 
Januarl-rand froi n isiw^tli i April, July and octo ber. Interior, loth to -25th February and May ; 1st to 10th 
September and December. IVEUS 

Hon. D. Mondelet, Resident Judge ; Isaac G. Osden, Sheri/; E. Barnard, Prothonotary and Cleric of the Crown : 

U ^T^vb^nd Sri ;h*to SM5* Febraay, and llth to -2-th October. Civil only 19th to 

Inferior, 1st to 7th February, April, June, Aftgust, October and December. 

ST. FRANCIS. 

Hon. Robert Hunter Gairdner, Provincial Judge , F. G. Bowen, Sheriff; W. Bell, Protkonotary and 
Clefk of the Crown ; C. A. G. DeTonancour, Coroner. 

GASPE. 

Hoft John G Thompson and Edw. H. Bowen, District J lJgc* -. Martin Sheppard, Sheriff; J. Wilkie and G. 
0. TwS.Prolkouota ry and Clerk of the Crow* ; William Tilly, Coroner, County ot Gaspe ; R. W. 1 itton, 

r.nrnnrr. ( nnnTvof V)O:in\ ( itUre. m. 

-e 21st to 3Gth August: at New Carlisle, 4th to 13th September. The 
v " e jurisdiction in suits above -20, Currency; the Inferior Courts have 
juAsUictiou up to 20, Currency. 

Circuit Courts, 

DISTRICT O" MONTREAL. 

Judges Hypolite Guy, Charles Mondelet, John S. McCord. 

DISTP.ICT CT (iCEBEC. 

Judges William Power, Jean C. Bruueau, and J. A. Taschereau. 
Bankrupt Conrf. 

Thr OrcuH Jnd"rs are rl^o, by virtue of their ap^ointm lissioners of Bankrupts and Justices of the 

Peace, and arc r -, . . jet as Chairmen 

of ilic auarter t- e^-iui.s in liie district Tor . David R. Wood, Chan ; N 

Com juissi oners Court. 

The Commissioners Courts are held every ? 



trie sittinsrs are iiei i OP u cvcij u - ">-j " - - ~ -- 

Mjoiirnetl, for in " llie c . aurt < Montreal, John 1 latt. JurisdictiOB 



in sumri notexceeui;u; JLu ~^., cu 



Court oJ Qnarter Session?. 



HeU at Montreal, from 1 January, i April, fro I "1th July, from 21n 




StfES^ " -A,ex. M. DeHsle and A,e, II. Drehaut, Mo.treai. 

lur and Superintendent of Police W ill i.uu Brmatmger, Montreal. 



SJierif Js Jj. C. 

a?twc, W. P. fewell : Montreal, J^lrn Boston and W. F. Coffin ; Three Rivers, Ir-aae G. Ogden ; St. 
Faucis, C. F. Bowen , Ga=i,e, Martin yiieppard. 

Clerks of the Peace t. C. 

F X Perrnnlt- Montrcn!. ; M. Ik-lisle and W.Hj Brehant ; Three Rivem, D.B. Ha 

, WilVrun Kell i Caspe, John \Viikie and .V. ll jljtt- ; C:.?pe, County oi Bonuventure, G. P. Trcalilny. 



,04. Francis 



36 



SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 



Canada Company. 

INCORPORATED BY An OF IMPERIAL PARLIAMENT AND ROYAL CHARTER, 1S26. 

GOVERNOR Charles Franks, Esn. DEPUTY GOVERNOR James Mackillop, Esq. 

DIRECTORS Robert Biddi .lph, Sir John Easthope, Bart. M. P., John Fullcrton, James Gooden, William T 
Hibbcrt, Francis II. Mitchell, Martin T. t- mith, Alexander Stewm, Wuliam Wilson, William Freshfield. 

AUDITORS William Guussen, Thomas 1 oynrler, Newman Smith. 

OFFICE IN LONDON Canada Mouse, Pt. Helen s Place, Bisiiopsgnte Street. 

COMMISSIONERS IN CANA ru WEST Toronto, FreuericK Wic der, Esq. ; Goderich, Thomas Mercer Jones, Esq 
CLERKS IN TORONTO J. McA. Cameron, E. L. Cull, Donald McDona d, Thomas Collier. CLERKS IN GODE 
RICH William Robertson, Charles Wicklcr. 

Any information respecting the Company s Land can be also obtained from Richard Birdsall, Asphodel 
Colborne District : and J. C. VV. Daly, Stratford, Huron District. 

The Canada Company have for sale about 800,000 acres in the Huron District, and 800,000 acres in blocks and 
scattered lots in every Townshri in Canada Wesi. 

The Canada Comnany remit from London to Canada any sum of money by letters of credit upon their 
Commissioners, and likewise transmit any sum of money from Canada to any part of Europe, oy letters o: 
credit upon the Directors. 

MONEY, WEIGHTS AND MEASURES. 

A Table shewing the Relative Values of the Monies of Great Britain, Canada, 
and the United States, at the Kates 24s. 4<I. Cy. and $4.84 to the Sterling. 



Sterling. 


Curr ey. | Federal. 


Sterling. Curr a/. "Federal. 


Sterling. 


Currency. 


Federal. 


s. D. 


S. D. 


S cts. 


S. D. 


s. D. 


rts. 


s. i\ 


s . D. 


$ cts. 


001 


11 


2 


070 


o s c;. 


1 69 


400 


4 17 4 


19 36 


I 2 


2A 


4 


S 


099" 


1 !)} 


5 !> 


018 


24 20 


003 


33 


6 


090 


o 10 m 


2 1 1, 


000 


760 


29 4 


004 


5 


8 


10 


12 2j 


a 


700 


8 10 4 


S3 83 


005 


6-i 


10 


U 


13 5 


2 GO 


80n 


9 14 8 


D8 72 


006 


008 


VI 


12 


14 7| 


2 CO 


900 


10 19 


43 56 


007 


009 


J-l 


13 


15 10 


3 r> 


10 


12 3 4 


1.3 40 


008 


10 


]fl 


11 


17 1 


3 00 


20 


Jl 6 8 


96 80 


009 


li 


13 


l.i 


18 3 


3 63 


30 


C 3 10 


1.45 20 


10 


1 


20 


lt> 


19 6 


3 87 


40 


IS 13 4 


193 00 


11 


012 


2-J 


17 


1 8^ 


4 H 


50 


00 16 8 


24-2 00 


010 


013 


24 ! 


13 


1 1 1U 4 C6 


60 


73 


290 40 


020 


2 5J 


45 ! 


10 


1 3 ".I 


4 60 


70 


85 3 4 


COS SO 


030 


3 8; 


73 


100 


144 


4 84 


SO I 97 6 8 


:s< 20 


040 


4 10A; 97 


200 


288 


9 68 


90 109 10 


o.) oo 


050 


061" 


1 21 i 


300 


3 13 


14 51 


100 |12i 13 4 


484 00 


060 


074 


I !.) i 








i 





British Weights and Measures, in use on the GI.U day of July, 1825. 




THE YARD, or Ell, is the standard yard of 17CO, pre- Tne ^ tttoi a .-(;., f-nis 9->0 standard yards, and 
served by the Clerk of the Douse of Commons. T;iE KHLE. K > i talHlarti -an s. 



by 

THE FOOT is one-third part of the said standard yard. In superficial i c.-,. ve, founded on the above brsi 
THE INCH is one-twelfth part of the standard foot. the rood of li .nd couiains 121.0, ana the acre of land 
THE POLE OR PERCH contains 5 : a standarc yards. |4S40 square yard. 

The statute of 5 Geo. IV. c. VI, having declared tin lorni Avoii dupoia to 1 c 7C: i grains Troy weight ; (the 
difference between the pound Troy and pound Avoirdupois ueing us ."i7iiU is to 70CU), gives the 



MEASURES AND ViEi illTS TI : ( ALl.ON. 

Cubic Indies. Avoiixluj ois Ue : ght. 

li>. o- .. i/rs. 

Corn Gallon SOf.S 9 JO jj .. 

Wine Gallon 201 8 5 (i| .. 

Ale Gallon 2S2 10 2 114 . . 



Troy Weight. 
lb. oz. dwis. ers. 
. . 11 9 7 1-2 
. . 10 1 9 22 
. . 12 4 6 8 

The Winchester P.ushel is 21.iO.42 cubic inches, being Quarter o." Mai/.c. or Indian Corn, 4?0 rounds. 

8 inches deep, and ISf inches in diameter, Ter Winches. - : . Quarters are equivalent to 9.C9447 

(iuartcr of Grain, S Winchester Butljtis. . Imperial Quarters. 

Table of Factors, for converting Olt? Measures into New, and the contrary. 

i. Decimals. Ky VC TIM Fractions ne.irly. 

Cam II inc. Ale 

Measure. Rleasiire. Measure. 
.OCC43 .83311 1.CI704 



fo convert old measures into new. 
fo convert new measures into old. 



1.03150 



1. -20002 



Cot ,i 
jM-asv.re. 

:;i 



tl i/ic 
Measure. 



Ale 

Measure, 



Riandard Wciisrlit of rain and Pulso in Cpper Canada, 



59 



SQ 

BO 



cd l>- Aci. ~,1.* W,n. \V . run. lit, 1F0.1, 
Which declares the following rales to be the fc.andard \ "eis . t, and tliat i.i ull ca^c? they shall be allowed to be 

tjual to tne Winchester Bushel, In all couin-cis ;>nd siles, t .ie Hushcl sliall he tiie weis it of a P)iTs iiel as 
regulated by tliis- Ac;, and not a Bushfl in iiieusure, or according to any gicatcr or less \ve : ii T it, unless the 

ontrary shall be agreed on by tae nriics : 

iVheat ............... 60 i .s. 1 eas .............. .... 00 1 ns. leans ................. 50 fts. 

Indian Corn ............. 5 j Ihs. Barley ................. 48 ,*. i i.uot.iy and Clover Seed ____ CO Ibs. 

Rye .................. 56 ibs.,Oats .................. 34 Jbs.i 



SCOBIE & BALFOUR S 


CANADIAN ALMANAC. 


37 


Measures in use 


in L<ower Canada. 

, W _-^VA ~- ^ V^ 


The Measures used in the Seigniorial pans of Canada are those of France, while, in the Townships, (he 
Standard Measures of Er-land are adopted. The relation these me; su.es, respectively, bear to each other, is 
generally but little understood, and indiscriminate reference to them in legal instruments, and even m A 
the Legislature, has often caused much inconvenience, and many cases of litigation in the country : t< 


(as much as possible) those evils, th* following Tables have been constructed. 
In assuming the relation the Pied de Paris or Paris Foot bears to the En-l.s.i foot, that given 11 
sophical Transactions,"^}.-^, page 326, has been taken as the best autlionty By tins it appears that 
French are equal to 1065.75 English feet. In this Province, for some years, the difference was accounted st , 1 
greater than the above analogy gives it, 1068 English feet being considered as equal to 11 
fast proportion, however, was found to be decidedlv incorrect, and the care with which that \vas ascertained, as 
given in the Philosophical Transactions, can leave no doubt of Us superior exactness. p pr/ .i, po 
The denominations of French measures of distance, introduced in he Tables are Leasuc, Arpcn* , Perc 
Feet, and Inches: in Superficial or Square Measure, the only French Measures are Arpe. s and lerches,^ 
applied to Land Measure, with decimal pacts of the lesser denomination used m the Equivalents in all 


where they may occur, in the measures of either species. <--, ,,!, pr^pnt 
The Tode, although much used by practical Geometricians in France, ,s seldom referred to m Canada except 
in Solid or Cubic Measure, and is therefore not i ncluded aiiwn 5 those use.} m the L a I, e*. It con, s s ot i 
?eet or one-third of a Perch, and its value may thence be easily obtained trom the lables, by taking il 


ent in any other Riven denomination. 
















The following Table may be useful to those not familiar with 


French measures . 






Inches. 


Feet. Perches. Arpens. League. 


12 = 1 


216 = 18 = 1 


2160 = 180 = 10 = 


1 










181140 = 3240 = 840 = 


84 = 


1 










TABLE 






TABLE II, 


TABLE III, 


Fof converting- French Feet and Inches into 
English Feet and Inches, and into English 
Statute Chains and Links. 


For converting English 
Feet and Inches into 
French Feet and Inches. 


for converting- French Leagues, 
Arpens and Perches into Eng 
lish Miles, Chains and Links. 


LINEAL MEASURE. 


LINEAL MEASURE. 




LUVILVL 


MEASURE. 


Fr h, 


English. 


Frh 


English. 


Eng. 


Frenh 


*g 


French. 


Frh 


English. 


Frh 


English. 


V 


S | 3 5 




W) 

V 


.S <n 


"> 




i 1 
.. 




S 


2 


2 

n -* 


| s 


<n 

S s -i 


-s 


1 i il 3 


3 


I 


i "* 


1 -2 


S 1 ! 





S t 


^ ^ 


~s 2 "5 


?a 


ii "^3 "** 


s 3 


S 3 





h, ^ 


O ^ 


5 


^ *! i 


^ 


fe( ^ 


XI? 


^5 ^ 


3>| 


i o >-5 


] 


l.OOOiO .135 


14 


11 11.040 


22.007 


J 


0.94 


10 


9 4.00 


l 


29.07 


60 


2 14 39.51 


2 


2.13210 .20 .i! 


15 


1.5 11.-3.5 


021.222 


2 


1.38 


20 


13 9.19 


2 


5*. 13 


70 


2 4:3 46.14 


3 


3.197!0 .40-1 


16 


17 0.02! 


-2.5.836 


3 




30 


23 1.79 


3 


87.20. 




2 72 52.73 


4 


4.203 .53- 


17 


18 1.413 


27.451 


4 


3. 75 


40 


37 0.39 


4 


1 10.26 


1 


3 4 15.3(5 


5 


5.3-29 10 .673 


18 


19 2.202 


29.006 


5 


4.09 


M 


46 10.98 


5 


1 45.33 


2 


6 8 30.7 


6 


0.395 .807 


19 


20 2.991 


30.0-1 


8 5.03 


60 


50 3.53 


6 


1 74.40 


3 


9 12 46.09 


7 


7.1600 .942 


20 


21 3.780 


32.295 




0.57 


70 


65 8.18 


7 


2 03.10 


4 


12 16 61.45 


8 


8.5200 1.077 


30 


31 11.070 


4-.-113 


g 


7.51 


SI 


75 0.77 


8 


2 32.53 


5 


15 20 76.81 


9 


9.5920 1.211 


40 


42 7.500 


001.59! 


9 


8.41 


90 


81 5.37 


9 


2 61.59 


6 


1- 21 92.18 


10 


10.05^,0 1.316 


50 


53 3.450 


o 80.739 


10 


9.38 


100 


93 9.97 


1 


2 90.00 


7 


21 29 07.54 


111 11.72310 1.1-0 


01 


63 11.340 


o 9:.. 


li 


10.32 


200 


187 7.94 


2 


5 81.32 


8 


24 33 22.9;: 


1 


1 0.789.0 1.6:5i 


70 


74 7.230 


1. 13.031 


1 


11.26 390 


231 5.90 


3 


8 71.9^ 


9 


27 37 3*-.2(: 


2 


2 1.57- 3.230 


90 


85 3.1-20 


129.1 -2 


2 


1 10.52 


400 


375 .3.-; 


4 


11 02.6! 


K) 


30 41 53.63 


3 


3 2.36 ; 4.- 11 


BO 


9.5 U.Ulrt 


1 -15.330 




2 9.7- 


51 >0 




I 


14 53,30 




61 2 07.25 


4 


4 3.1500 0.459 


10 ) 


100 6.900 


1 61.477 


4 


3 U.O! 


600 


56-2 ll. l 


6 


17 43.95 


30 


91 44 00.%- 


5 


5 3.915,0 8.974 


200 


213 J.-OO 


3 22.:;.).-) 




4 8.30! 700 


05i> 9.77 


7 


20 Sl.tii 


10 


122 J4.5I 


6 


6 4.73! 9. 1 ,- .! 


300 


319 8.700 


484.432 


6 


5 7.50 


BOO 


(50 7.71 


8 


23 -.2.V2> 


59 


152 47 (H.14 


7 


7 5.52:J 1 1.303 


400 


426 3.600 


45.909 


7 


6 8.82! 


900 


- 11 5.71 


9 


26 15.93 


00 


[-3 9 21.7ti 


8 


8 6.312 12.91- 


500 


532 10.500 


8 7.3-0 


8 


7 0.0- 


1000 


933 3.0- 


10 


29 0.5" 


;o 


213 50 75.3!* 


9 


9 7.101,011.533 


OIK) 


039 5.400 


908.864 


9 


8 5.31 : 






90 


5- 1 3.1- 
1 7 10 77 


oo 


244 1-2 29.0-i 
274 53 82.64 


10 
U 

(a 


10 7.890 II 1.6.1 l- 
U 8.679li) 17.762 
12 9.468 : 019.377 


700 
-00 
900 


746 d.3 10 
:-52 7.200 
.).)!> 2.100 


I29I..-I- 
1 1 53.2 .)5 


In 
of E 


EXAMPLE. 

384 i"i;t 07-10 inches 

nrli^ii n-.nnjnrp limt 


10 

50 


L ( J . . t t 

I 30 -20.30 
1 65 32.95 


f\t 

too 


305 15 36.27 


13 


13 10.257 1020.992 


1000 


1065 9.000 


16 14.773 


many feet, &c., French ? 






















Feet Ini-iics. 


















300 feet 


= 12-1 5.9 l 


EXAMPLE. 


EXAMPLE I. 

In 300 feet 10 inche- 
French measure, how 
many English feet ? 
Feet. Inch 


EXAMPLE II. 

In 13 feet 11 inches 
French measure, how 
many chains and links? 
Chaiiis. Links. 


80 do. 
4 do. 
6 inches 
7-10 do- 


= 75 0.77 
= 3 9.04 

= 5.03 

= 00 


In 50 leagues, 70 arpens and 
perches, French measure, how 
many English miles, &c. ? 

Miles. Ch. Links. 


300 feet =319 8.70 


13 


feet = 20.992 


Answer, 


300 10.00 


50 


lensucs = 


152 


47 68.14 


60 do. = 63 11.31 


11 inches= 


1.430 











70 


(IS. = 


o 


43 4(5.14 


10] 


nch 10 61i 








Sec the converse of the 


6 


perc hes = 




1 74.40 












/ 


ns\vcr C 


22.472 


a tinirf 




p nt 












Answer, 384 6.70 








Table I. 


C itL Lii"., v^uu ui 


Answer, 


1.55 


12 t - .0- 


* The well known property oi 1 different metal? to expand or contract in increased or diminished 


tempcrature 


as compared with those at which the measures of the standard 


feet of London and 


Paris are respectively taken 


has caused some to apply a further correction to the above relation between their values, liv which 1005.79 nearlv 


of English feet, would je equal to 1000 feet of Paris. The extreme 


smallnesaof this correction, amoiintins to 


less than a unit in 20000, seemed to render it unnecessary to de 


part from the general authorities in the compiki- 


tion of the Tables. 



















38 SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 


TABLE IV, 




TABLE V, 


TABLE VI, 


For converting English Miles, Chains and 
Links, into French Leagues, Arpens, 
Perches and Feet. 


For converting French Arpent 
and Perches into English Acres, 
Roods and Perches. 


For converting English Acres, 
Roods und Perches into Frent, 
Arpens and Perches. 


LINEAL MEASURE. 


SUPERFICIAL, OR SQUARE 
MEASURE. 


SUPERFICIAL, OR SQUARE 
MEASURE. 


English 


French. 


Eng. 


French. 


Vrh 


English. 


Frenh 


English. 


En^. 


French 


t-iig. 


French. 


S "e 


s . a 


03 


||| 


ll 




00 

| 




" ^ "^ 


,3! 


1 1 


8 


4 

*j ^3 








* ^ J- W 






C 


ft 


. 31.. 








?- ** 


^ O vc; 


^S i? 


* 


V V. w aj 


IT <u 


4-4 


ft, 


^ 


"*- CL ^ 

^i B$ ft* 


^ 


^ 


^ 


2 $ 


, 


O.C2 


8 


2 5-2 1 10.00 


, 




1 .35 


6 


5 11. OC 


i 


0.74 


8 


9 46.94. 


5 


1.24 


9 


2 79 7 2.3-2 


2 




2.7(1 


7 


5 3 20.21 


2 


1.48 


9 


10 65.31 





1.86 


10 


3 23 2 0.58 


3 




4-OCi 8 


6 3 1.38 


3 


2.22 


10 


11 83.67 


4 


2.48 


20 


-10 4 13.15 


4 




5.41 


9 


7 2 16.5.; 


4 


2.86 


20 


23 67.35 


r- 


3.10 


30 


9 G9 7 1.73 


5 




0.70 


10 


8 1 31. 7i 


5 


3.7C 


30 


3.5 51.02 


6 


3.72 


40 


13 8 9 8.30 


6 


8.11 


20 


10 3 23.44 


6 4.44 


40 


47 34.70 


7 


4.34 


50 


16 3-2 1 1-J.8S 


7 




9.46 


30 


25 1 1.5.17 


7 


5.18 


50 


58 18.37 


8 


4.96 


60 


19 55 4 3.4.5 


8 


io.a 


40 


33 3 6. Si 


g 


5.9-2 


60 


71 2.05 


9 


5.57 


70 


2-2 7- 10.03 


9 


13.17 


50 


42 38.6-. 


9 


0.60 


70 


82 85.72 


10 


6.19 


80 


20 17 8 16.61 


101 13.5-2 


60 


50 2 30.34 


10 


7.40 


80 


94 69.39 


20 


12.39 


90 


29 41 1 5.18 


20 


27.00 


70 


59 >>.(! 


20 


14.80 


90 


106 53.07 


30 


1 0.58 


100 


32 64 3 11.76 


30 1 


0.55 


80 


67 2 13.7!. 


30 


22. 19 


100 


118 30.74 


40 


1 6.77 


200 


65 44 7 5.51 


401 1 14.07 


90 


70 5.51 


1 


29.5! 


200 


230 73.48 


00 


1 12.96 


300 


98 25 17. 27 


50 127.5!) 100 


81 1 37.23 


2 


59.18 


300 


355 10.23 


60 


2 1.16 


400 


131 5 4 11.03 


00 


2 


1. 1C 


200 


168 3 34. H. 


3 


88.76 


400 


473 40.97 


70 


2 7.35 


500 


163 69 8 4.78 


70 


2 14.6-2 


300 


253 1 31. 7( 


1 


1 1^.37 


500 


591 83.71 


80 


2 13.54 


000 


196 50 1 10.54 


80 


2 2-VJl 


400 


337 3 28.91 


2 


2 30.73 


600 


710 20.45 


90 


3 1.71 


700 


2-29 30 5 10.30 


90 


3 


1.05 


500 


4-22 1 26.11 


i 


3 55. 1C 


700 


828 59.19 


1 


3 7.93 


800 


2S2 10 9 4.05 


1 


3 1.5.17 


OiiO 


500 3 23.3! 


J 


1 73.47 


800 


946 93.94 


2 


15. Mi 


"00 


294 75 2 15.81 


2 


1 2 30.34 


700 


591 1 20. (W 


5 


5 91.84 


900 


100.5 30.68 


3 


1 5.78 


1000 


3-27 55 6 9.57 


3 


2 2 


5.5S 


800 


i75 3 17.M, 


f 


7 10.20 


1000 


1183 67.42 


4 


1 3 13.71 






4 


3 1 20. wi 


900 


760 1 1.5. (:ji 




* . o i 






5 


1 7 3.04 


EXAMPLE. 


5 


4 3.5.86 


1000 


-44 3 1-2.3-2 










6 

7 


2 11.57 
2 4 1.50 


In 155 miles 1*2 chs. 












EXAMPLE. 


8 


2 7 9.43 

3f\ -t~~ o 


-8 68-100ths links, 












In 270 acres 1 rood and 28 


10 


11 ,-i.) 
3 4 7. -2- 


English measure,how 


EXAMPLE. 


56-00 perches English measure, 


20 


6 8 14.50 


many French leagues 


In 


320 arpens 10 perches, 


low many arpens, &c. 1 


30 


10 3 3.8.5 


&c. ? 




French measure, how many acres 






Arpen 


J. Perches 


40 


13 7 11.13 




L. A. P. Ft. 


&c. 1 


200 


acres 


= -236 


73.48 


50 


17 2 0.41 


00 mis =32 04 3 11.76 


Acres. R. Perches. 


70 


do. 


= 62 


85.72 


60 


20 6 7.69 


5 l do. 


=103-2114.88 


300 arpens = -253 


1 31.70 


1 


rood 




29.59 


70 


24 3 14.98 


5 do. 


= 1.530 3.29 


20 do. = 


= 10 


3 23.44 


20 perches = 


14.80 


1 


27 5 4.20 


10chs.= 34 7.-> 


1( 


1 perc 


lips- 

LICC 




13.52 


g 


do. 





5.92 


2 


55 8.,/> 


> f]Ct 














t\fi i 


nn ,j~ 




4A 


3 


f : 2 -> is! ?? 


UU. 

80 Iks 


. = 2 13.54 


Answer, 


270 


1 28.66 


UO-JLW uu. li* 


4 


1 20 17.03 


8 do. 


4.90 












Answer. 


320 10.00 


5 


! 53 3.20 


0.68 do.= 0.43 




















6 


I 81 1 ?.;5,1 
















See 


f)ir /nn 


i-^rcp r 


f thia OT- 


7 


2 24 6 11.80 


AM. 


50 70 0.00 












iin pie at the end of Table V. 


Imperial Standard Measures. 


In the Imperial system, adopted in the United Kingdom, January 1, 1926, the legal measures of extension 


and weight are continued as before ; but a variety 


of corn, wine, and beer measures, previously in use, are su- 


lerseded by a r.ow measure of capacity called the " Imperial standard gallon," containing 277, 
>r 10 His. avoirdupois, of distilled water, at 62 Fahrenheit, the barometer being at 30 inches 


274 cubic inches, 
. The following 


tables exhibit the Imperial standards, and their usual multiples anc 


divisions. 








I. MEASURES OF LENGTH. 


III. MEASURES OF CAPACITY. 


12 Inches 


1 Foot. 




I. GENERAL MEASURES OF SOLIDITY. 


3 Feet 


1 Yard. 




<> 


1728 Cubic inches = 


l 


Cubic 


foot. 


!>;V Yards = 


1 Pole or Perch 






27 Cubic feet = 


l 


Cubic 


yard. 


40 Poles = 


1 Furlong. 




The 


ton measurement 


8 


barrel 


bulk, or 


8 Furlonjs or) 
1700 Yards 5 = 


1 Mile. 








40 cubic 


feet. 






The hand = 4 inches -. the 


English ell = 4.5 inches -. 


11, MEASURES FOR LIQUIDS, 


CORN AND DRY 


GOODS. 


the pace = 5 feet -. and the fathom = feet. The 


sco- 


8.6G5 Cubic inches = 


1 Gill. 


graphical degree = 20 nautical ira. iios, or 09,1-21 miles. 






4 (Jills = 


1 Pint. 


In laud measure, the chain of 100 links = 00 feet. 








2 Pints = 


1 Quart. 












4 Quarts = 


1 Gallon. 


II. MEASURES OF SURFACE. 






2 Gallons = 


1 P( 


}ck. 




151 Square indies = 1 Square foot. 
9 Square feet = 1 Square yard. 
30i Square yard?, or ? , 
2isq.feet 3 = 1 Square Pole. 


4 Pecks = 1 Bushel. 
8 Bushels = 1 Quarter. 
The peck, busliel, and quarter, are used for 
only : there are besides, the coom = 4 bushels 


dry goods 
: thewey 


40 S<;I-K, = 


; 1 Rood. 




or load = 


5 quarters ; and 


the last 


= 2 loads or 10 


4 Rouds, or 4-10) , . 
square yards > Acre. 




quarters. 
In Beer Measure, the larrel 


contains 4 firkina or 36 


And 040 acres makel square mile. 


gallons ; and the hogshead 1| barrel or 


54 gallons. 



SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 



In Wine Measure, besides the gallon ami its subdivi 
sions, various denominations are used, as the butt, pipe, 
ice., which are given below, but these are now to bo 
considered rather as the names of casks than as ex 
pressing any definite number of gallons. The standard 
guaaes in trade are as follow : Pipe of Port, Ho Imp. 
ialls" ; pipe of Lisbon, 117 do. ; pipe of Cape or Madei 
ra, 9-2 do. ; pipe of Teneriife, 100 do. -, butt of Sherry, 
106 do. ; hogshead of Claret, 40 do. ; aum of Hock, 
30 do. 

Iferring-s are measured by the barrel of 26 jj, or cran 
of 37 jj gallons. 

IV. MEASURES OF WEIGHT. 

I. AVOIRDUPOIS OR COMMERCIAL WEIGHT. 

27.34375 Troy grains = 1 Dram. 

10 Drains = 1 Ounce. 

16 Ounces,or7000gr. = 1 Pound. 
14 I ouiids = 1 Stone. 

2 Stones, or 2 c ]bs. = 1 (iuarter. 
4 Cirs., or 1121bs. = 1 Cwt. 
20 Cvvts. = 1 Ton. 

F lonr Weight. \ stone = 14 pounds ; 1 boll = 140 
pounds ; 1 sack = 230 pounds, or 2 cvvt. ; 1 barrel = 190 : 
ba. 

II. TROY WEIGHT. 

24 Grains = 1 Pennyweight. 
20 IHvts = 1 Ounce. 

12 Ounces = 1 Pound. 
The use of this weight is confined to the precious 
metals. 

The fineness of gold is expressed in carats and grains, 
the unit of reference being divided into -24 carats, and 
;he carats into 4 grains. The standard of gold coin isi 
22 carats ; that is, the pound or other weight should 



contain 22 parts pure and 2 alloy. The mint price of 
fold is 3 17s. lO.jd. per ounce ; and hence the full 
weight of a sovereign is 5 dwts, 3.274 troy grains ; bat 
the "sovereign ot 5 dwte. 2.j grains, and the half sove 
reign of 2 dwts. 13| grains, are allowed currency (Pro 
clamation, June 7, 1842;. Wrought gold has two legal 
standards: one is 22 carats, the same as the coin, and 
the other 18 carats. The latter, instituted in I 
used chiefly for watch-cases and rings. 

The fineness of silver is expressed in ounces am! 
pennyweights -. the standard fineness is 11 o-/.. 2 dwts of 
pure metal and 18 dwts. of alloy, making together one 
pound troy. Prior to the re-coii i.::c in 1 -10, a pound of 
standard silver was minted into 02 shillings, and wa 
thus issued at 5s. 2<l. per oz. ; but although the market 
price of standard silver bullion has for many years va 
ried little from 5s per ounce, the new coin is minted at 
os. Gd. peroz., as Oti shillings are coined from a pound 
of bullion. The act of 1810, however, declares " tha 
silver coins shall be a legal tender for 40s. only at on. 
time," and " that gold coins shall be in future the sole 
standard measure of value and legal tender for pay men 
without any limitation of amount." 

Wrought silver has two legal standards ; one is the 
same as that of the coin, and the other t- dwts. better, o 
11 oz. 10 dwts. But the latter, called new sterling, is 
seldom used, 

Diamond Weight. Diamonds are weighed by carats 
151^ of which make one ounce troy ; this carat is there 
fore equal only to 3 1-0 troy grains. 

Pearl Weight. The troy ounce contains 000 pearl 
grains, and hence one pearl grainis4-5thsof a troy grain 

Apothecaries 1 Weigm. M troy grains make 1 scruple 
3 scruples make 1 dram ; and 8 drains make 1 ounce 
The ounce and pound are the same as in troy weight 
This weight is used in medical prescriptions only. 

Tables for converting 1 Old Measures into Imperial, &c. 

EQUALISATION TABLE. 

English Wine Measure. 32 gills = 8 pints = 4 quarts = 1 gallon. And 252 galls. = 6 tierces = 4 hhds. = 5 
mncheons = 2 pipes or butts = 1 tun. 

1 wine gall. = .83311 imp gall. ; or 6 wine galls. = 5 imp. galls, nearly. 

English Ale Measure. S pints =4 quarts = 1 gallon. And 210 galls. = 24 firkins = 6 barrels = 4 hh:!s. 
3 puncheons = 2 butts = 1 tun. 

1 ale gallon = 1.01704 imp. galls. ; or 59 ale galls. =69 imp. galls, nearly. 

Linlii/ig-ow Dry Measure. 1024 lippies = 250 pecks = 01 firi. = 10 bolls = 1 chalder = for wheat, 7. 
ind for barley, 11. 39240 imp. quarters. Hence 2 wheat bolls = 1 imp. quarter; and 11 barley bolls = S imp. 
quarters nearly. 

Englisk or Winchester Dry Measure. ?>l pts. = 32qts. = 10 pottles = 8 sails. = 4 pks. = 1 bushel ; 80 bush. 
= 20 cootus = 10 quarters = 2 loads = 1 last = 1 Winchester bushel = 7.7555s imp. galls. ; and hence 32 Win. 
mshels or quarters = 31 imp. bushels or quarters nearly. 

Irisk Measures. 11 Ir. miles = 14 imp. miles. 30|- Ir. acres = 49 imp. acres. 

Scottish Measures of Length. 5920 feet = 1920 ells = 320 falls = 8 furlongs = 1 mile = 5929.568 imp. feet ; 
or 10 Scots miles = !1| imp. miles nearly. Chain of 100 links =74.120 imp. feet. 

Scottish Measure of Surface. 5700 ells = 100 falls = 4 roods = 1 acre = 1.201183 imp. acre ; or 23 Scots 
acres = 29 imp. acres nearly. 

Scottish, Measures of Weight. Troycs or Dutch weight, 4090 drops = 250 m. = 10 Ibs. = 1 stone = 17.391885 
bs. avoird. Tron weight (variable). In Edinburgh, i tron pound = 1.371007 Ibs. avoird. 

Scottish Liquid Measure. 128 gills = 32 mutchkins = 10 chopins = 8 pints = 1 gallon = 3.00051 or about 3 
mp. gall<s. 

FRANCE. Length. Metre = 39.371 inches ; aune usuel = 1 1-5 metre = 47 ^ inches ; toiseusuel = 2 i 
vilometre of 1000 metres = 1C03J yards : myriametrc of 10 kilometers = 0.21:3-21 miles ; the post !;. 
fards. Surface. Hectare of 100 ares = 2. 17 1143 acres, or 2 hectares = 5 acre* nearly. >W/ /. Decastere 
)f 10 steres = 13.9802 cubic yards. Liquids. Litre = 0.22009 imp. gallons; or 1<:0 litres = 22 imp. :. 
learly. Grain. Hectolitre of 100 litres = 0.3439009 imp. quarter, or 2, : imp. bushels nearly ; lioisseau us ijl 
= J hectolitre. Wei if Ms. Metrical quintal of JOO kilogrammes = 220$ Ibs. avoird.; livre usuel = 5 kilo 
gramme ; the old quintal of 100 livres (poids dc marc) = 107.9-28 Ibs. avoird. 
" UNITED STA-I ES. S:une as Britain, with former English measures of capacity. 

PROVINCE OF NOVA SCOTIA. The Weights and Measures used in Nova Scotia are the Imperial standard, as 
n England. 

Population and Extent of the Globe. 



, Balbi Geosr. 1944. 


Weimar Almanac, 1 U 40. 


Population. 


En?, sq. inileE 


i d|i.lu - 


Population. Bng.sq. -^. tosq.miU- 


Europe -2i7.r 


::,7nu. . i 
16,043,000 
11,251,000 
14,730,000 

4,105,000 


24>3 
5.3 

2.0 

4.9 


. i:J 3^U7,195 
(Jli-,5 10,019 17,HI5,I10 
K)l,l! s,4U 1I. !7,12- 
!-,0(i7,l50 13,54-2,100 

l,-:;-,10t 0,347,840 

1 


H1.2 
34.2 

8.0 

y.5 

0.4 


Asia . . . . 390,000,000 


Africa 00,0(10,000 


America 39,000,000 


>~." inica (Australia. ) 
Polynesia, and Iti-S 20,300,000 
dian Archipelago) ) 


Totals.. 737,000,000 


4!l,sM,tH i 


ll.< 


9 .,09!t,817 5ll,l.>o,MW 


19.8 



recent authorities estimate "ie population of the world at 970 millions, and the average number of 
nhabitants to the English square mile at 



40 



SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 



BRITISH 

[Besides the following rates on imports into Great Britain, Spirits (except Brandy) pay 4d. per gallon extra 
and other articles an additional duty of .3 per cent., with the exception of Corn, Meal, Sugar, Isinglass 
Chemical Oils, Pickles, Camphor, Smalls, Turpentine, Verdigris, Cable Yarn, Glass. The articles marked 
were reduced by the Act 9 & 10 Viet. cap. 23 and ti:j, and are exempt from the additional duty. 



1 or- 
eign. 



s. d. 
10 

5 

2 
10?.] 
107.1 

J20 

20 
100 



tVlmonds cwt. 

Apples bush. 

Aquafortis cwt. 

t Arrow Root . . . .cwt. 
Baskets .... per cent. 

tBeads percent. 

tBeer bar. 

Books, printed before 

1:01 cwt. 

. .since 1501 . . . .cwt. 
. .in foreign living lan 
guages, printed since! 

1801 cwt. 50 

Boots & Shoes, &c. -. 
Women s boots, 12 prs. 
If lined or trimmed do. 7 G 
^Shoes.with doub. soles. 

quilled and clogs. do. 5 
rlt trimmed or lined do i 
\ Women s shoes .. .do. 4 6 
.if trimmed, .do. 5 
jtGirls boots and shoes, 
I two-thirds of duties 

tMen s boots do. 14 

tSboes do. 7 

tBoys ditto, two-thirds 

of duties 
tBoot fronts, not above 

9 inches high . . .do. 1 9 
Exceeding 0oo.. ..do. 2 9 

Boxes per cent. |JO?.] 

tBrass manufac. .p. ct. (10?.J 
Bricks, Dutch, 1,000 . . 10 
.other sorts. ..... 1.5 

tBrockade. . .percent. ! Io/. | 
(B/on/.e manufac. p. cf. 1 . 
tDuck Wheat . . . .qr. 1 

tliutter cwt. 10 

fljuttons, metal. ..p. ct. [IO/.] 
Cables, not iron. ..cwt. G 
tCamphor,refined, c wt. 5 
(Caudles, Spennac. .lb. 3 
. . . tStearine. . . .lb. JJ 
. . . tTal!ow .. . .cwu 5 

. . . tWux lb. 2 

Capers lb. 6 

(Carriages. . .percent. [10?.] 
(Casks, empty. .p. cent. [10?. J 

Cassia lignea lb. 3 

Chalk, manufac. .p. ct. [10?.] 

tCheese cwt. 5 

Cherries, raw. .p. cent. ! ~>l. j 

Chicory cwt. - 1 n 

t Chin a- ware.. per cent. [10?.] 

i-Cider tun 105 

Cinnamon lb. G 

tClocks . . . .percent. [10?.] 

Cloves )b. 6 

Cocoa lb. 2 

Coffee lb. 6 

Confectionary lb. 6 

Copper ore, containing 
not more than 1.3 per 
cent, of copper per 

ton of metal GO 

, .not more than 20 

per cent, ditto. ... 90 

. .more than 20 do. . 1 20 

Copper, old ton 7 G 

. .un wrought. .. .ton - 9 
. .partly wrought. ton 10 
. .in plates and coin.. 

ton 10 
Popper manufac. .p.ct. [10?.] 

Cordage cwt. 6 

ready made. .11). 8 



Colo 
nial. 



s. d 

10 

2 

5 

G 

[107.] 

[tO/.] 

20 

20 
100 



50 

6 

7 G 



5 

6 
G 




11 

7 



1 

2 



.5 
7 C 

[HI?.] 
U ?.] 
1 
2 (i 

[10?. 1 
3 
5 
3 




3 

[10?.] 
[10?.] 

1 
[Sl.\ 

1 
[5L] 

10 

105 
3 

[10?.] 
G 
1 
4 
G 



20 

20 

20 

3 6 

1 

5 



3 

S 



s. d. 
orks,squar. for round! 

cwt. 16 
Corn (see p. 41) 
Cottons manufactur-j 
ed wholly or partly 
made up. . .percent. [10?.] 
fCrayons. . . .per cent. [ I* /. | 
Crystal manuf.. .p. ct. [Iti/.j 
i Cucumbers, preserved, 

percent. [5?.] 

Currants cwt. 15 

Dates cwt. H I) 

liar thenware..per cent. ! [ 10?. ] 

Eggs per l-2oi It) 

Extracts per cent.; [20?.] 

Jr at imp s option, lb.1 5 
feathers, dressed. .p.ct. [10?.] 

Fig.< cwt.iiJ 

Flower*, anific l..p. ct. [ 25Z.J 
Prn it, raw.not enumer 
ated percent.! [?.] 

Glass, viz. : 

Hint, uncut !b.; 1 

.Vine Glasses, do., .lb. 



Hint cut glass. . . .lb. 
L rown or window, not 

above one-ninth inch 

thick cwt. 

Manufactures unenum- 

crated -wt. 

N. B. After April 5, 
843, one-half of said 
[lass duties. 
Ginger cwt. 

. .preserved lb. 

GJloves, Habit Mitts. .do. 

Habit Gloves. . . .do. 

Men s do do. 

Women s or Mitts do. 



7 
7 



[SL] 
20 



Crapes per cent. 

LJunpowder . . . .cwt. 

Hair manufactured not 
otherwise enumera-| 
ted per ccnt. Ll" -] 

Hams cwt.! 



Hats of Chip. . . .lb. t 

Straw lb. > 

Felt, Hair.WooI. each 
1Silkuponfelt,&c.ea. * 

loqey cwt. 1( J 

Hops cwt. * 3 

Iron tic Steel, wrought, 

per cent. [10?.] 

IsitiL lass cwt.! d 

Japanned ware. .p.ct. LMjyJ 

Lace per cent. Li ,J 

Lead manufac.. .p. ct. [!"* ! 
Pig and Sheet. ..cwt. - " 
Leather, cut or manu 
factured, not other- 
wise enuiner.. .p. ct.|f" * > J 
inei). or linen and 
cotton, viz. : 
Cambrics and French 
lawns, per piece of 
s yards by g yard, 
tPlain. . . .the piece, 2 G 
tBordered Handker 
chief. . . .the piece 2 G 
I Lawns,0i"oiher ports 

per cent. [iO?.l 
tDamnsks. ..sq. yard .3 
tDiaper. . . .s(|. van*; 2.; 
Linen or mixed m 
ufactiires wholly or 
partly made up. p.ct. [10?.] 



Colo 
nial, 



s. d, 
16 



[51. 
[Id/. 



15 U 
10 

10Z.J 

o > 

[20?.] 

.") 

[10?.] 

i.5 



[*] 



.5 

1 

2 4 

3 G 

3 6 

4 (i 

[3/.] 

2U 



2 
3 6 



5 
5 

[10?.] 
5 
10?.] 
10?.] 

5 



[10/.] 



2 C 

2 

[10/.] 
5 
2 

[10?.] 



Liquorice cwt. 

Macaroni and Vermi 
celli lb 

Mace lb. 

rMai/.e qr. 

Marmalade lb. 

Mats & mattina. .p.ct. 

Mercury percent. 

"Musical Instruments., 
per cent. 

Needlework, .per cent. 

Nuts bush. 

VuxVomica. . . .cwt. 

Oils, perfumed. . . .lb 

Jil of Turpentine. cwt. 

Olives gal. 

Unions . buffi. 

Opium Ib. 

Granges & Lemons in 

boxes, not exc. 500U 

cubic inches. . .box 

5000 to 7300 do. .box 

7300to 14,000 do. box 

L>.- dd . 1000 do. box 

Or 7.3 p. cent. ad. 



For- I Colo- 
eign. i nial. 



[10/.J 



mi-] 

[10/.J 
[10?.] 



I 
3 
7 

?i| o 



aintcrs colors, .p. ct.] [10?.] 
Paper.prinied or stn in- 
ed, or paper - hang 
ings sq. yard 2 

. .waste or paper nor! 

enumerated i \\ 

asteboards cwt. 39 0* 

ears bush.; 6 



Pencils. 



.percent. 



[io?.; 



02 





30 




no?.) . 

Pepper lb. 60 G 

Perfumery. ..per cent. (10?.; (10?.; 
Pewter manufac. p. ct. 1(10?.,)! (10?. 3 

Pickles gall.j 4 | 4 

iniento cwt. 5 05 

late percent. (10?.; !flO?.; 

latting of straw. ..U). " 
Potato flour. . . .cwt 



oultry 



percent. 







rints ......... eaclii 

..bound or sewn. doz. 
runes ......... cwt. 



(51.) 



luassia cwt. 10 

Quinine oz. 

Raisins cwt. 

iRice . cwt. 

i &: in husk.. 

qr.i 1 

rSago cwtJ 6 

rSausages lb. 1 

Seeds, 

tMustard cwt. 1 1 3 

tCaraway.carrot.c lo 
ver cwt. 5 

tCanary cwt.| 5 

Grass cwt.j 5 

i Leek cwt.i 5 

tOnion cwt. .3 

.Seeds not otherwise! 

enumerated, .p. cent. (51.) 
rSilk, manufac. of silk, 
or of silk mixed with 
any other material, 
produce of Europe. . 



5 
1 

ciu. 



percent, 



flo?.; 



iSilk !nilline r y, viz.: 

Turbans or caps. .ea. 3 G 

Bonnets each] 7 

Dre.-scs each 30 

iSkins manufac. .p. ct.j(10?.J 

Smalts cwt. 10 U 

Soap, hard . . . .cwt. 20 



do?.; 



(51.) 

10 

11 



[BRITISH TARIFF.] SCOBIE & BALFOCJR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 



Soap Soft cwt. 14 

Spirits, proof. . . .gal!. 

.imported to England. 

... Scotland. 

Ireland .. 

Starch cwt. 

After Feb. 1, 1-4<J... 

Steel, manufac. .p. ct. 

Stone, marble, sawn. . 

cwt. 

Sucrades Ib. 

Sugar, & 10 Vic. c 
03* 

Brown or white can 
dy, double refined 
s:igar,or sugar equal 

thereto cwt. 

Other refined or equal 

thereto cwt. 

White clayed or equal 
thereto, notbeingre- 



41 



fined 



.cwt 



For 


Colo 




For 


Colo 


eign. 


nial. 




eign. 


nial. 


s. d. s. d. 


Suaar, 


s. d. ! s. d. 


11 10 


Muscovado,brown or 






15 


clayed, not equal to 






.. : 8 7 


cloyed white . . c\vt. 


21 14 




A =; 




7 10 


a 3 


:: a 5 


rTallow cwt. 


1 


1 


=i n > i; 




6 





. 1 \J i A V 

10 n i> 


fen ib. 


2 1 


2 1 


I.U \) 

nn/ 1 


rin; i 




ritM.i 


F5Z.1 


[1U(.J 


liut.j 


I iiniier, not sawn or 


L * v J 


L J 


3 


1 C 


dressed, ex. hewn, load 


2.5 


1 


6 


1 


tAft.Ap l 5, 1647,load|30 


1 






t Aft.Ap l 5, 1848,load 15 


I 






Deats,battens,&c..Pd!32 i 2 






tAft.Ap l 5, 47..1oad 


2!j 


2 






tAft.Ap l 5, 4S..load 


20 


2 






Tin in blocks, &c. . 






31 


21 


per c\vt. 


3 




^Manufactures, .p.ct. 


[WL] [WL] 


23 13 S 


Tobacco, unmanuf. .Ib. 


3 3 






. . .manufactured. ..I I). 


!) 


<> 






Snutf Ib 


n t; it 


74 6 16 4 


fTobacco niprs. .p. rt. 10 .] :[10Z.] 



Colo 
nial. 




For 
eign. 


Colo 
nial. 


s. d. 

H 
5 3 
1 
6 
2 1 
[S?.] 

1 
1 
I 

i -2 
2 
2 

3 

JliW.] 
3 
<> 
6 

:noz.l 


s. d. 
7 
[WL] 

2 
5 

(10?.) 
5 
5 
;4 

(M.) 
(WL) 
5 6 

(101.) 
ti 

(Wl.) 


s. d. 
2 

2 
2 6 

(51.) 
5 
5 
?4 

(Wl.) 
(Wl.) 
(101.) 
2 9 

(51.) 
G 

ficz.; 




t J urnery. . ..per cent. 
(Turpentine, 
Above 15s p.cwt..cwt 










t Waters per cent. 

Wutclics . . . -per cent. 
Wax, sealing, .p. cent. 


Woolleii manufactures 
wholly or partly made 




i Goods-, in part or whol 
ly manufactured, and 

not otherwise charg 
ed or prohibited. p.ct. 



ARTICLES NOT SUBJECT TO IMPORT DUTY. 



Alkali, almonds bitter, alum -, live asses, goats, cattle, 

hur.-es, sheep, and swine ; antimony, argol, ashes, 

asphaltum. 
Bacon, balsams, barilla, bark, beef, bones, borax, bottles, 

Brazil wood, brimstone, bristles, bullion. 
Camphor unrefined, canes, caoutchouc, cassia, chalk 

unmanufactured, coals, cobalt, cochineal, copperas, 

coral, cork, cotton manufactures not made up, 

cotton yarn. 

[>rugs, unenumerated ; diamonds. 
Feathers for beds, fish of British taking, fla\% furniture 

woods not enumerated, fustic, tiower roots, 
alls, clue, grease, guano, gums, gypsum, gentian. 
rJair, hay, hemp, hides not dressed, hoofs; hoops, horns. 
Indigo, printers ink, iron unwrought. 
Jewels unset, juice of lemons, jalap. 

black, lard, lead, linen manufactures not made 

up, logwood. 



Madder, mahogany, manganese ore, manures unenu 
merated, maps, mrttresscs; meat, salted or fresh, 
not otherwise described ; maple wood. 

Nickel, nitrate of soda, nuts used for expressing oil. 

Oils, oil seed cake, olibanum, ores. 

Pens, pitch, plauts, plau na, platting of chip, pork, 
potatoes. 

Quicksilver, quills. 

Racs, red-wood, rosin, rose-wood. 

Sal ammoniac, salt, saltpetre, seeds, shuinac, silk raw, 
skins and furs, spelter, sponire, steel unwrought, 
stones and slates, straw for platting. 

Tar, tartaric acid, teeth, terra jnponica, thread unmanu 
factured, tin ore, train oil, turmeric, turpentine. 

Vermillion. 

Water mineral, beeswax, whalefins, wool cotton and 
shecp ^, woollens, manufactures of, not made up. 

Yarn. 7;:il re. Xel.Ta wood. 



Duties on Foreign Corn entered for Home Consumption, into Great 
Britain, till 1st February, 1849. 

IF IMPORTED FROM ANY FOREIGN COUNTRY. 



AVERAGE TRICE OF BRITISH CORN. 



t. Under 48s. per qr.. 

<l-s. and under 49s. . 

49s. .. 50s., 

50s. .. ~>i*. 

51s. . . 5->s . . 

5 2s. . . 53s . 

53s. and upwards. 
Barley, Bear or Biyff. 

Under 26s. per o,r . 

2f>s. and under 27s. , 

27s. . . ii-s . 

2=s. . . 2!ls . 

S!>s. . . 30s . 

30s. . . 31s . 

31s. and upwards. 
Oats. Under l a s. per qr. 

1-8. and under I .is. 

10s. .. 20s. 

20s. .. 21s. 

21s. .. 22s. 

y^s. anil upwards. 



s. d. 

10 I) 

9 

8 

7 

6 

5 

4 

5 
4 ti 1 
4 li 
3 ti 

3 
2 C 

2 

4 

3 (i 
3 

6 



2 



2 
1 



AVERAGE PRICE OF BRITISH CORN . 



li je, Pease, and Beans, per qr. Duty equal to that on 
a quarter of barley. 

Wheat Meal and Flour, per barrel of 1% Ibs. Duty 
equal to that on 3tf^ gallons qf wheat. 

Barley Meal, per 217g Ibs. Duty equal to thai on a 
quarter of barley. 

Oatmeal and Groats, per 1S1| Ibs. Duty equal to that 
on a quarter of oats. 



Rye Meal and Flour, per 19( Ibs. Duty equal to that 
on forty gallons of rye. 

Pea Mr al and Bean Meal, per 272 Ibs. Duty equal to 
that on a quarter of pease or beans. 



IF PRODUCE OF, AND IMPORTED FROM, ANY BRITISH POSSESSION OUT OF EUROPE. 

Wheat, Barlr.y, Bear or Siffff, Oats, Rye, Pease, 
and Beans, per qr 



J Wheat, Meal, Barley Meal, Out Meal, Rye Meal, Pea I 
Meal, and Bean Meal, per cwt., 4|d. 



On and after 1st February 1^49, the duties on wheat, barley, 1 ear or bisL , oats, rye, pease, and bean?, to be 
s. per (jr., and so in proportion for a less quantity; and on all w.i,- :d flour, barley meal, oatmeal, 

rye meal and tlour, pea uieal, aud beau meal, 4id."per cwt., and so iu proportion for a less quantity. 



* The rates on foreign sugar are to be reduced annually on 5th July, until July .">, 1-.T1, when they become the 
same as those on colonial sugar. The rates on colonial sugar apply also to sugar the produce of any British 



42 



SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 



U N I T ED 



I F F. 



Articles marked thus * not otherwise specified. 



Duty f> ct. Ad Vel. 

AbFvmh 1(10 

Acids* 20 

Acorns 20 

Agates 10 



Duty P ct. Ad Vol. 

Brimstone rolled 20 

Bristles 5 

Bronze, leaf, po\vi!er or liquid. 20 
" manufactures 30 



(Bookbinders) ferr.ul.-e. , 
Alabaster and Spar Ornamenta 



30 Brooms of all kinds 30 



40 Buckram 



Duty P ct. Ail. Val. 
Copper.in pige,bars ,or when only 

lit. iu be remanufactured 5 

Ore Free 

Coral 20 

cut or manufactured. ... 3d 



Alcouorque Hark 5 

Almonds 40 

Almond Paste 30 

Alum 20 

Ambergris 20 

Ammonia. 10 

Ammoniac 2!) 

Anatomical preparations 3(1 

Anchovies 40 

Animals, imported for breed. .. Free 

Annatto 10 

Antimony, crude 20 

Antiquities Free 

Apparatus (Philosophical), im 
ported specially for use of Phil 
osophical or Literary Society 
in theU. S "Free 



Caoutchouc ........ . ..... 20 



assia. 



Apparatus, all others not so im 
ported, according to material 
of which composed 

Arrack 100 

Argentine 20 

Arms, Fire or Side 30 

Arsenic 15 

Ass Skin, or imitations of. ... 30 

Bacon, Ham and Pork 20 

Baggage, personal, in actual use.Free 

Balsams of all kinds 30 

Bamboos, unmanufactured.... 10 

Barlev 20 

Barilla 10 

Barwood 5 

Bay Water, or Bay Rum 30 

" Wax, or Myrtle Wax 20 

Beans 20 

Beef 20 

Bell Metal, unmanufactured.... 5 
manufactured .... 

Berries 20 

|5j r( l s . .... 20 

Bismuth 20 iChronometers, and parts thereof, 

Bitter Apple 2U!Cinnabar 



Bulbs, or Bulbous Roots Free 

Buttons of all kinds* 2.5 

Button Moulds 25 

Cabinet wares . . . : 3(1 

Caddie Balls 3d 

Cadmium 20 

Calamine 20 

Calx 

Camel s Hair 



20 (Cordials of all kinds . 



20 

10 



Pencils . 



Camlet .................. 23 

Camphor, crude ............ 23 

" refined .......... 4j 

3anes (Walking) .......... 3u 

Cantharides ............. -> 

Canvas 



Cork manufactures 



100 
30 



Papers 

Capsules 

~arnon (Animal) 

arpeting of all kinds* 

" Straw and Matting.. 
Carriages of all descriptions, and 



3 ,) 
3U 



Bark, unmanufactured... 13 

Corrosive Sublimate 2.5 

Cosmetics 30 

Cotton Free 

" Bagging, Caps, Gloves, 
Leggins, Mits, Socks, 
Stockings, Thread, La 
ces, \\ uve r ; hirts and 

Drawers 

" Cord Gimps, Galloons and 

Braces 

" manufactures* 

Crab Claws 

Crayons and Crayon 

Crocus Powder. ". 

Cudbear 

Currants 

Catch 



20 Cyaninc of Iodine, Pottassium 
30 | or Zinc ................. 



Dates .................... 4 

Denirifice 



parts thereof . . 30 [Diamonds (Glazier s) A 

ashmere (Thibet) 2.) Directions for Patent Medicines 21 



i*-f i 

all others* 30 Dragon s Blood. 

.... 40 Drawings 



Buds or Fistula 20 

atechu JO 

Daustic 30 

3halk (White) 5 

(French or Red) 20 

" Pencils 30 

Charts or Books of Charts. ... 10 

:hecse 30 

hemicnl preparations & Salts* 20 

berry Rum 100 

30 (China ware 30 

Chocolate 20 

Chrome Yellow 30 

10 



Drugs, Dyeing or Medicinal, in 

a crude state* 

Dutch Metal, in leaf 2 

Pink 2 

Dye Woods and Berries 

" Stuffs* 2 

Earthenware 3 

Ebony 2( 

manufactures 4 

Emery 2 

Engravings and Books of En 
gravings, or Etchings 1 

Essences 3 

Ether 2 



Bitumen 20 

Black Lead Pots 30 

" Powder 20 

Blacking 20 

Bladders 20 



Blankets of all sorts. 
8 leachi ng Powders . 
Blue 



20 
! 
20 



Bolting Cloth 23 

Bonnets, Leghorn, Chip, Grass 

or Straw 30 

Poncho Leaves 2 ) 

Uonc and Bone Tips 3 

manufactures of 30 

Books, Blank 20 

" IVriorticals, and other 
works in course of Printing 

and re-publication in the U. S. 2 ! t 

all others 10 

Borax 25 

Botanical specimens Free 

Brandy * 100 

Brass, in liars or piers 5 



Cinnamon, or Oil of. 



25 Fans (all) . 
30 



Clay, unwrought 3 

ground or prepared . 
Clocks 

Clothing (ready made). . . 
Cloves 

Coal 

Cochineal 



Feathers (ornamental) 3 

for Beds, &c 2. 

20 Felt (patent adhesive) for Ships 

:) ) bottoms Frei 

30 Felting (Hatter s) 3( 

40 iFigs 4i 

30 Filtering Stones 3( 

)0 " unmanufactured 2( 



Cocoa or Cocoa Nut Shells. ... 10 
Nuts 20 

Coffee, imported in U. S. vessels 
from place of growtli,or growth 
of the possessions of the Neth 
erlands, and imported from 
thence Free 

Coir, Coial Rope 23 

Coke 

Colcothcur, dry 



plates or sheets. 



.... 



manufactures 30 

Brazil Paste 15 

Cricks 20 

Britannia ware 3 v 

Srimstone, crude 15 



Colours (Water) 30 



Fireworks 3( 

Fish, in Oil 40 

Pickled, Salted, Dry or 

Fresh 2C 

the product of U. States 
Fisheries Free 

Skin, and Fish Skin Cases 2< 

Flannels (all) 2. 

Flax, unmanufactured . 1." 

manufactures* 20 

Seed 2(. 

Flor Benzoin 30 



Concaus, India. 



25 Flowers (Artificial) 3( 



Copper, manufactures* 



4f, 

for Ships. .. Free 
! <,r use of the Mint. . . Free 
Rods. Bolts, Spikes and 
Nails 20 



1 



(all*) 



20 
Fret 



Fruits (preserved*; 40 

" Pickled* 31 

" Green or Ripe 20 

Fullers earth 10 

Fulminating Powders 20 



possession within the limits of the F.ast India Company s charter, into which the importation of foreign sugar 
s prohibited. Upon sugar the produce of any other British possession within such limits, the duties are 2o per 
cent, higher than on colonial, but they also are to be reduced annually until July 5, 1831, when they become 
the same. 



Duly P n. Ad. Val. 
Furniture in iiseoflmmigrants, Free 
Furs, undressed on the SKJU. . . 10 
" dressed on the Skin. ... 20 
" (Hatters ) not on the Skin 10 

" manufactures of* 30 

Gamboge 20 

Gelatine 30 

Gin 100 

Ginger Roots 40 

Ginger (Ground) or Essence of, M 

Girandoles 30 

Glasswares, not cut 30 



f u.s, TARIFF.] SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 



43 



Duty P ct. Ad Vat. \ 



Duty > ct. Ad. Val. 

Lead manufactures* 30 Pickles 30 

iPimento 4c 

20 Ipine Apples 20 



Leather, tanned, bend, sole or 
upper, of all. kinds. 



Leather manufactures 3o Pitch 20 

Lemon and Lime Juice 10 Plants and Roots* Free 

Linseed Ji> Plantains 20 

Liquors, Spirituous 100 [Plaster of Paris, unground. . . Free 



Liiueu manufactures ........ 20 

Litharge 2) 

.Maccaroni 30 



Globes . . . 
Glue 

old Beaters 



cut 

CVVindow, Crown 
and broken). .. 



40 



36 
2 



Brine 20 

Skins 10 

Bullion and Dust Free 



Mace 40 

Madder, Extract of 20 

" Root, or Ground. ... 5 

Malt 20 

" Liquors 
Manganese 



ground 20 

" Composition 30 

Platina, unmanufactured. . . .Free 

" manufactures 30 

Playing Cards 30 

Plumbago . . . 

Plums 30 

30 Plush, Hatters Z l 

20 (Porcelain 30 



.Maraschino lOOjPoJash, crude 5 



Mats 



Marble manufactures 30 PrussiateofChromateof 

unmanufactured .... 90 and Hydrate of 20 

or Matting 2.5 Potassium 20 

Leaf 15 1 Meats 40 Potatoes 80 

Size 80 Medals Free Poultry 40 

Gold manufactures* 8U| Medicinal Roots, Herbs, &c*.. . 20 ; Precious Stones, and imitations 



rapes 30 

Grass Bags, Flats, Braids, Plaits, 

and Hats or Bonnets made of, 30 

" manufactures* 2.5 

Grease 10 

Grindstones 3 

Guano Free 

Gums, Senegal, Arabic, Traga- 
canth, Barbary, East India 

and Jedda . . ." 10 

Gums and Resinous substances* 20 



Medicinal preparations* 
Mercury, crude. 



Mercurial preparations of all 
kinds 2.) 

Mineralogical specimens. 

Mineral Waters 

" substances .... 
.Models of Inventions, &c.. 



30 of, not set*. . 10 

" and imitations of* CO 

Preserves, in Sugar, Molasses, 

or Brandy 40 

Free Pulp, dried 20 

. 30 Pucnjce Stone 10 

. 20 I Putty 2 / 

Freejauilla Bark 13 

.Mohair and Silk Twist 3ttkjuiila 2<J 

Cloth manufactures 5 [Quinine, Sulphate of 20 



Molasses 30 



Gunpowder 20 [Mordant, patent 20 

iGuts 20 .Moss 20 

30 
10 

Cloth or Seating. . . 
Curled, for Beds, &c 



Hair, ("Mohair or GoatsJ 
" unmanufactured. . 



25 



Mosaics of all kinds, set. 



, . 30 



20 



manufactures* 
Powders, not perfumed 

perfumed 30 

j/Ints, wholly or partly Wool 20 

| " of any other substance... 30 

]Hemp Seed 10 

unmanufactured 30 

manufactures* 20 

Honey 30 

Horns and Tips 5 

manufactures of 30 



20 1 " crude 5 

Indian Corn and .Meal 20 IDchres and Ochry Earths .... 30 Sardines 40 

India Rubber? unmanufactured. 10 Oil Cloth of all kinds SOJSauces of all kinds 30 

Volatile, Essential and Olive 30 Sausages, Bologna 30 

T I 1 f^i 



not set... 



Music and Music Paper 10 ! Rattans 

Musical Instruments or Strings 20 j Red Lead 



Rags 

Raisins 40 

Rape Seed 10 

" Oil 20 

Ratafia 100 



Natron 



10 
20 



10 JReeds, unmanufactured ...... 10 



, 

Natural History specimens. . . Free [Rye and Rye Flour ........ 20 

g ........ 30 

tinned or 

japanned ....... 20 

Safflower ............... 5 



Nitrate of Lead 20 [Saddlery of all kinds. , 

" of Potash 10 " common, ti 

" of Soda, crude 5 

Nutgalls . . 5 



Nutmegs 40 Saifron and Saffron Cake 2(. 

Nuts 30 Sago %i 

" used exclusively for dyeing SlSohoon, preserved 30 

Oakum Free (Salt Petrc, refined 10 

Oats and Oatmeal. 



Oranges and Orange Peel. 
i )rpiment. 



Shoes or manui ac. 30 

Indicus Cocculus 20 

Indigo 10 

Extract of 20 1 

Implements and Instruments of 
the profession, occupation, or 
employments of persons ar 
riving in the U. S Free 

Ink and Ink Powders 30 

Ipecacuanha 20 

Iridium 20 

Iron, in bars, blooms, bolts, cast 
ings, hoops, or manufact s of, 30 

Iron Liquor 20 

Sulphate 20 

Isinglass 20 

Ivory, unmanufactured 5 

manufactures 30 1 Palm Oil 

Jalap 20 1 Paper Hangings. 



Palm and Cocoa 10 Scagliola 



the product of U.S.Fisheries Free 
of Vitriol 10 IB 



manufactures 40 

30 



Dealing Wax. 

ea Weed for Beds or Mat- 
Oil, all others* 2>i j tresses 20 

Olives 30 Seed Lac 5 

Opium . . . , 20 Seeds, Garden, and all others*. .Free 



20 

10 



Shaddocks. 



a 

6 



Pack Thread 3D shell 

Painters Colours, being Ochres " manufactures of 30 

or Ochry Earths 30 Silk, raw lo 



Paints* 20 

Paintings, not imported for 

sale Free 

Palm Leaf 10 



manufactures. 



Japanned ware, & imitations of, 30 

Jet manufactures 30 

Jewelry, and imitations of* ... 30 

Junk, old Free 

Kelp Jo 

ICermcs, Mineral 15 

Lac Dye ~> 

" Sulphur and Lac Spirits. .. 20 

Laces :>o 

Lard 20 

Lastings for Boots, Shoes or 

Buttons 5 

Laths 20 

Lead, in pigs, bars, sheets, pipes, 

or shot 20 



Screens or Fireboards.. . 

Sheath ings 

and manufactures of ... 
Papiere Mache manufactures.. . 



Parchment 30 Soap 



Twist . 30 

" manufactures 25 

ilver Bullion . . ; Free 

" manufactures 30 

30 " piaied Metal 30 

10 " German, crude 30! 

20 1 " Leaf l.i 

20 Sisal Grass 2.) 

2n Skins, raw* 5 

30 " tanned or dres.-ed* 20 

30 Slates 



Pearl, Mother of. 

Pearls, manufactures of 

" not set 

Pencils, Lead 

Pepper 

Personal Effects of citizens of 
the U. S. dying abroad. . . . Free 

Peruvian Bark 15 

Pewter, old, only fit to be re- 
manufactured 5 



. 2.-) 

. 30 

."> Si... ia Ash 10 

3o Spariecre 30 

I ;| specimens, scientific Free 

30 S|i(.i-taclt;-i 30 

3d Spermaceti 20 

Sponge 20 

Spunk 20 

Squills 20 

Starch 20 

" burnt, or gum 10 

A. 



44 



SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. [u. s. TARIFF. 



Duty V ct. Ad. Vol. 
Statuary, the production of U. S. 

Artists F/ee 

Staves ! 

Stearine Candles and Tapers. . 20 
Steel manufactures* 30 



in bars, cast or spear. 



15 



Stoneware 3d 

Stones, Paving 20 

" Building, Burr, and all 

other* 30 

Straw manufactures 3U 



Duty9ct. Ad. Val.\ 



Tobacco, manufactures of . 



Duty P ct. Ad. Val 



io Wood, Cedar, Ebony, Rose, 
30l Grandilla, Mahosauy, Satin 

Tragacanth - lo| and Fancy, unmanufactured. 

Trees and .Shrubs Fefc|Wood, manufactures of. 

Turpentine, Spirits of -211 



Turtle, Green. . 



21! 



-J 
40 

other* 3( 

manufactures of. ... 4t 



Stereotype Plates 20 Type .Metal and Types 91 j Wool & Woollen manufactures* 30 



Vanilla Beans 20 

Vegetal les, used exclusively for 

Dyeing, unmanufactured.". . . ."> 

Vegetables, prepared 40 



not prepared. . 



Hat Bodies and Woollen 

List inns 20 

Woollen and Worsted Yarns... 25 
Worsted manufactures, embroid- 



20 i ered or tamboured . 



jSugar 30 

jSulphate, Copper, Iron, Barytes, 

Quinine and Zinc Ml Verdigris 2. ), Zinc, Spelter or Tuteue"ue , "in 

ulplmr, Lac and Flour 20 Vermicelli 3li| sheets 



31 



Vellum 30) Worsted, manufactures* 2.> 

v ivet 20 Vams 20 



(Sulplu 

S2l i 1 i-il-ii 



[Sulphuric Acid. 
Sumac 



1 



Tallow 10 

" Candles 20 

Tanning Articles not in a crude 

state 20 

Tapioca 20 

Tar 20 

Tartar, Cream of 20 

" crude a 

Tea* 20 

Tea, imported in IT. S. Ships, or 
Ships of countries having re 
ciprocal treaties to that el- 



lect Free 

Terra Japonica 10 

Timber, hewed or sawn 20 

Tin, in pigs, bars or blocks. . . 5 

in plates or sheets, &c.*. . 15 

manufactures 30 

Tobacco, unmanufactured . ... 30 



Vinegar . 

Vitriol, Blue, Green, White. . . 



Wafers CO 

Waste or Shoddy 
Watches, or parts of. 



15 

3d 7Jnc, unmanufactured 5 

20 * manufactures 30 

fa 



Tares Allowed at tlie Cus 



Wax Candles and Tapers .... 
Wearing Apparel in actual 



> 
II 

Sugar, in casks, except Loaf 12 

" in boxes l.i 

use Free in bags or mats. ... 5 

Weld . 5 Cheese, in hampers or baskets. . 10 

Whalebone, the produce of U. S. " in boxes 20 

Fisheries Free Candles in boxes 

Whalebone, the produce of Fo 
reign Fisheries 

manufactures 



Chocolate ri boxes II. 

2(> Cotton in bales 2 

o i " in seroons 

20 Glauber Salts, in casks E 

- n Nails in ca?ks & 

.... 10 

... JO 

Willow manufactures 30 Snot in casks 3 

Wines 40 Twine in casks 1: 



Whale Oil 

Wheat mid Wheat Flour. . 

White Lead 2(1 Sugar Cnmiy in boxes. 

Willows for Baskets 20 Soap in boxes. 



Woad or Pastel . 



in bales. 



CANADA TARIFF OF CUSTOMS DUTIES. 



Specific. Duly C y 
s. u. 
ANIMAL?, viz. : 
Calves, each 5 



Cows and Heifers, each, 1 

Goats, each, 

Horses, Mares, Geldings, 
Colts, Fillies, Foals, 

each 1 l.j 

Kids, each 2 6 

Lambs, each 1 

Oxen, Bulls, Steers, each, 1 J5 
Pigs (sucking) each, ... 006 

Sheep, each, 2 

Swine and Hoes, each, . 050 
Ad Valorem Duty per \W C y. 

Mules and Asses i 10 

Anchors i: Chain Cables,. 100 

Ashes, 1 

Axes and Scythes 12 10 

Bacatelle Tables, 12 10 

Balls used at Bowls or 

Nine Pins, 12 10 

Bark, 1 

Bark Mills, 12 10 

Berries, Nuts, Vegetables, 
and Woods, used in 

dyeing, 1 

Billiard & Bagatelle Balls, 

of wood and ivory 12 10 

Billiard Tables, . 12 10 

Biscuits and Crackers, ... 10 
Bone Manufactures see ivory. 
Books, printed, unbound 

or in sheets, 5 

Books, blank, bound, un 
bound or in sheets 7 10 

Bran and Shorts see Grain. 

Bulbs see Trees. 

Butter see Provisions. 

Burr Stones, wrought, ... 7 10 

Burr Stones, unwrought, .100 



Specific. Duly Cy. 

s. D. 

CANDLES, Wax, the Ib. . .. 3 

Sperm, the Ib 3 

Tallow, the Hi 001 

All other kinds 2 

Chocolate, the Ib 2 

Cocoa, the Ib. O.j 

.Coffee, Green, the Ib. . . . . H 

Roasted, the Ib o 2.] 

I Ground, the Ib 4 

|Corn Brooms, the dozen, 1 3 
Ad Valorem. 

Cain Work, 7 10 

CamMets & Cambletines, 7 10 

Canvas, i . .. 7 10 

Carriages and Vehicles, . . 12 10 
Carriages and Vehicles, 

pans oft 12 10 

[Castings, 12 10 

Casks, empty 7 10 

Casts in Plaster of Paris, or 

Coinpositioii,unless their 

material is otherwise 

charged with a higher 

duty, 7 10 

Chains, 7 10 

Chain Cables see Anchors. 
Cheese see Provisions. 
Chicory, 7 



1 




10 




10 

Clocks and Watches,.. . . 12 10 
Clocks & Watchcs.partsof 12 10 



Coals, Coke, and Cinders, 
iCotton Wool and Cotton 



1 



! Yarn, 1 

jCotton, manufactures of, . 7 10 
Copper in liars, Pig.Shcath- 

iug and Sheet, 1 

Corc age, 7 10 

Cork and Cork manufact s 10 
Crackers see Biscuit. 
i Cutlery see Hardware. 



Ad Valorem, Duty C y. 
s. D. 
Dice, 12 10 

Drawings, Engravings, 

j Maps, Globes, 7 10 

1 Drugs used solely for dye g 
Drugs, being in a crude or 
unprepared state, except 

Dye Starts, 5 

Earthen and Stoneware,. . 7 

JO 

F/ugrav ings see Drawings. 

Extracts 4t Essences used 
as Medicines, 7 10 

Extracts, Essences & Per 
fumery, not otherwise 

provided lor, 15 

i Fire Arms see Guns. 

FISH, Oysters, Lobsters, 
Turtles, and all other 
Shell Fish, fresh, .... 7 10 

Specific. 

Fisn,SaltedorDried,prll21bs.O 2 6 
Pickled, the barrel, ... 5 

Flax see Hemp. 

Flour, the brl. of 106 Ibs. . 030 

FntriT, viz. : 

Almonds, the Ib 1| 

Apples, the bushel,.. ..006 
Do. Dried, the bush. 010 

Currants, the Ib 1 

Figs, the Ib 1 

Nuts of all kinds, the Ib. 001 

ii-hes, the bushel, ... 010 

I -ears, the bushel,. ... 1 

Prunes, the Ih 1 

Quinces, the btishe 1 , ... 1 
Raisins, Muscatel, Bloom, 
& Buncii, in boxes, the Ib. 081 
Do. otherwise, the Ib. 1 
Ad Valorem. 

Fanning or Bark Mills, . . 12 10 















[CANADA TARIFF.] SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 



45 



Ad Valortm U y Cij. AA Valorem Dviy Cij. 

s. u. Lead for Paint, not ground . D. 



10 





Feathers, 7 

Fire Wood, 1 

iFisb, preserved in Oil, ... 13 
IFi-is and Sk ns, the pro 
duce of creatures; living 

in the sea, 7 JO 

Flower Boots, 1 

Flowers, art < a , not silk, 7 10 
Flowers, artific a 1 , in part 

or who e silk.. 12 10 

Fruit, preserve! , 1.5 

Fruit, unenf merateo, ... 10 
Furs, Skins, and Peltries, 

dressed or um resser 5 

Furs and Sk ns, mam ". o r , 7 10 
Furniture Wood see H? -c.wooti. 

Specific. 

Glass, Window and Com 
mon German Sheet Glass 
per box ofoOibct, .... 
GRAIN, viz. : 
Barley, the quarter, . . . 
Buckwheat, Bere and 
Bigg, the quarter. ... 
Mi ize, or Indian Ooin, 
Me quarter of 410 lus. .. 
Oats, the qui iier, .... 
Eve, Beai s end Peas,. . 

W. eai .he < uai T, 

Meal of the r> uo ve G a* ns 
and of Wheat not boU- 

ed, t .ie 1 JOlJs 

Bran or cihor.:, li 2 Ibs. . 



1 



uni owder, i 

Juns rnd FJTC Arms,.. . . 7 
lair, maau actures o , .. . 
lard vood, fi Fu.raitu.ve, 

unii am 1 , cu ed, .... 
ia. dware, ij,.elf Goods, 

and Cutlery, 

Hats 7 JO 

lay, 

Hem i. Flax, and Tow un- 

chessed 

Hemp, Flay or Tow, in 

any way d.essed, .... 7 10 

Hide s, 1 

Tips,& pieces 7 10 



Valorem. 

G nger, preserved, ..... 15 

Glass Man. ; pCf - rcB. not 
otherwise descrijud, ... 7 10 

G obcv see Drawings. 

ioods, w ose .ounJation 
is wool, ........... 7 10 

nods, of all ;iflf s, not otherwise 
charged with duly o: uee see em! 
of t.ie Scbeai \e. 
old 31 d Silver Le M "i . . . 7 
rease anu Scraps ..... L 

Sums, ............ 5 



7 10 
1 

7 10 
I 

I 





with Oil, 7 10 

Lead sround in O. 1 . for 

Paint 7 JO 

LEATHER, viz. : Specific. 

CalfSknis,tann d,taw d, 

or in any way dressed, 

tbelb 4 

GoaiS>uns,tann d,tnw < , 

or i n any way dressed, 

tbe dozen 5 

Harness Leather, the Ib. ij 

KipSs iiS: the lo 2 

Lamb or Sheep Skins, 

tanned, tawed, or -n 

any way dressed, the 

dozen, 2 6 

Leather cut into shapes, 

tbelb 4 

Patent or Glazed Leatb r 

tiie Ib 4 

Sole Leather, tbelb. ... 002 
Uppe. jeat.ier, the Ib.. lj 
All Leatner not above 

described, lg 

IJEATIER MANUFACTURES, viz. : 
Bovs Boots under 8 

inch s in length, the pr. 010 
Bo/s Si oes under 8 

i Tb s in length, the pr. 004 
Children j Boots and 
, Shoes, over J inches in 

length the dozer 026 

Gi.ls Coo s and Shoes, 

under ^evea inches in 

leiiLih. t v dozen, ia- 

clu , i ig-ill kinds, ... 026 
In fd it s *hoe-, under 3 

i lcil i.i le nilM ie doz. 016 
Me.is Boots, I m pair,. .020 
Meiis trices, the pair,. . 7g 
Wo.nR.is Coois p.i .l 

Snoes, tbe dozen,... 066 
Jd Valorem. 
Leather manufactures not 

described 10 

LMIUU aim Linen manuf. 7 10 
Specific. 

uiquins, not Spirituous, viz. : 
AJC and .Jeer, in casKs, 

i>cr <:. Ion 4 

Ale anc 1 Beer in bottles, 

neruozen, 1 3 

Cider and Perry, thegal. 1 | 
Vinegar, the jralloo,. .. 3 
Maccnrooi & \ermicelli, 

ihel.) 1| 

Ma 1 s see Drawings. 



Ad Valorem, D y C y. 

. S. D. 



Cocoa > T ut OU I 

Camp! 1 ne Oil 12 



7 10 



Cas or Oil 

Ojl, or Spiri.,3 of Tur 
pentine 7 10 

Oi . Animal, except 
Lard ; Vege able, not 
otherwise enumerat 
ed ; Essential ; Chem 
ical and Volatile ; Per 
fumed 10 

Palm Oil 1 

All Oi! not otherwise 

enumerated 7 

Oil Cloth 7 

O/es, of all Meta s I 





e 

10 

10 




Sperifir. 



Bristol, or Drawing 

Cards, the Ib 1^ 

Cori se, or wrapping, tbe 

c\\ t 2 9 

Drawing, the Ib 1J 

Marbled ,oc Glazcd.tlie Ib 1-i 

Music, ilielb Lj 

Milled, or Trunk Mak 
ers Boards, the cwt. 030 
Pasteboard and Cards, 

the cwi 4 

Printing, the cwt 5 

Playing Cards, the pack 

Tissue," the Ib 



10 



Writing, the cwt. 
Paper manufactures, not 

otuecwise chargedwitb. 

duty 10 

Ad Valorem. 



aims, unground . . . 
" Water Colors. 

"aint Brushes 

ickles and Sauces 15 

I late and Plated Ware ... JO 
(Poultry, alive or dead .... 10 

Specific. 



10 

10 

10 





i) 



I.Moi.isses and Treacle, tbe 
1 c\vt. 



:Ioru Manuiactuje* see ivo.-y. 

t.j>ecific. 

Hops, the Ib 3 

oney. li.e Ib 1 

r/oojj Iron .- ce Shset Iron. 
India Rubber Boots and 
Shoe^, the pair, ...... H 



Indico, i (i 

Ink, Printers , 7 10 

IRO.-,, Bar, Rod and Nail, 

Boiler Piates, Pis, Rail 
road Bars, S:rnps and 
Old for re.-iellini, .... 100 

Ivory, Cone arxl Horn, 
mrnufacturcs o", 7 JO 

Jewelry, set or unset, ... 12 10 

Juice of jjjnies, Lemons or 
Oranses, not mixed with 
Spirits, or sweeicned so 
as to be Svrup, 

Junk or Oakum, - . 1 

Lard 1 



Machines for Agricultural 

]>i" ixwes,exeept Tnresh- 

i ng Machines and Fann- 

iT_ Mills, 10 

M.ici : nevyofall kinds,and 

pans thereo", 12 10 

I Mar hie, polished or cut, .. t JO 
Marble, "\\ block, un- 

nolisjed, 1 

MEATS, (A; Provisions.) 

Medici ies 7 10 

Mercur % 7 10 

Mii-ii.-,-:! Instruments, of 

wood, 7 10 

Musical instruments, of 

mt inl, 10 



Lead, in Pi : 1 



Lead, innnn".iciuri s o" 



10 






M .-tard, 

\!i!- u--c(l in dyeing see 
OILS, Olive, in casks, the s 

2.. lion 5 

Do. in Jars or Bottles, 

1 






7 10 



I ll ::n 

illon 

. the sallon . 
:ilon. .. 
Other Oil, from creatures 
in the sea .... 



PROVISIONS, viz. : 

Butter, the cwt 7 6 

C. eese, tbe cwt 5 

Bacon & Hams, the cwt. 060 

Salted, tbe cwt 6 

Tickled, the cwi 6 

Fresh, the cwt 4 

Potatoes, tbe bushel ... 003 
Ad Valorem. 
Meats prepared, other 
wise than by Salt or 

Pickle 10 

Quills 7 10 

Rutr. r or every gallon (of Specific 
040 old Wine measure) proof 
Ad Vol. by Sykes Hydrometer, 
all Spirits aoove that 
strength to be reduced to 
equivalent of proof .... 013 
Sweetened or mixed, per 

gallon 3 

Ad Valortm 

Resin 1 

iRice . . . 5 

i Roulette Tables 20 00 

SALT, viz. : Specific. 

Coarse, made from Salt 

Springs, per bushel. .. 002 
Fine, or basket, and 
stovcd, 3 per cent. A<1 
[ n ., and ,)( . bushel, 002 
Salt, from Mines, known 
as Rock Salt, and Salt 
made from Sea Water, 

per ton 1 

Silver Lea "-see Gold Leaf. 
Stoneware see Earthenware. 
SPICES, viz. : 

Cassia, the Ib 2^ 

Cinnamon, the Ib. . . . 2J 

Cloves, tljc Ib 24 

Ginaer and Allsiice, Ib. 001 







4G 



SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. [CANADA TARIFF.] 



Specific, Dy. Cy. 
SPICES, continued s. i>. 

Mace, tlie Ib 4 

Nutmejts, tlie Ib 5 

Pepper, the ib } 

Pimento, the Ib I 

mi, as of 

Proof, Hi- old vYIi e gal. 000 
S wee t e . i e I o r ? I Lv e 1 , i n - 
eluding Bitters, per gal. 030 
ined or Ca 

per cwt 1 7 G 

per cent. Ad. 

Val. and per cwt. ... T2 
Clayed,, 10 per cent. Ad. 

Vol. and per cwt.. . . 15 3 
Musct , -wt. ... 15 3 

In which are Preserves, 

per cwt 1 6 G 

Sureades, iuclr.Jing Con 
fectionary, -i) per cent. 
Ad Val. atj ! per Ib.. ..002 
Syrups, except Spiriis, the 

gallon 1 

Ad Valorem. 
Sausaces and Puddings. .. 10 

-<au- Logs 1 

Seeds, Garden, Flower and 

Vegetable 10 

Sheet and Hoop Iron .... 1 
-Singles . . 5 



Silk, raw ........... 7 10 

Silks, manufactures of, not 



10 



Millinery, made up. 
Silks, ail "goods, being in 
whole or part silk, not 
otherwise specified. . .. 
Silks, Sewing Cord, and 

Tassels 7 10 

l. c Millinery, madeup.. 13 10 

Silk Velvet 12 10 

Straw 1 

Steel in Bar 1 

Stone for Building 1 

Soda Ash 1 

Soaps, of all kinds 10 

Spermaceti, except Can 
dles 7 10 

Sponge 7 



7 10 



Ad Valorem Dy. Cy 

a. D. 

Straw Boards for Book- 



10 



7 10 



binders 
Sulphur 

lea and Confection 
ary ..ia-e(. i Sngar, cither 
in whole or in part, in 
addiiion to 2d. per Ib.. . -20 
Specific. 

Ten, tlie Ib 2. 

Ti)i;.\< "n, viz. : 
Manufactured, the Ib. .. 
nuifnctured, the Ib 

Snuff, (lie I! 

Senars, the Ib 



Ad Valorem 



100 



10 



Starch. . ............ 7 10 



Tallow 1 

Tar nnd Pitch / 1 

:cs 1 

Thread, Linen 7 10 

Threshing Machines, and 

Fanning and Bark Mills, 1-2 10 

Tin, Sheet and Block ... 10 

Ti!e.j and Hoofing 7 10 

Tortoise Shell 5 

Tow see Hemp. 

Toys 7 10 

frees, Shrubs, Bulbs and 

Roots 

Treacle see Molasses. 

Turpentine 7 10 

Type Metal, iu Blocks or 

Figs 1 

Varnish 710 

Vegetables, fresh 10 

Vegetables used in dyeing see Ber 
ries. 

Velvet, Silk see Silk. 
Vermicelli see Macaroni. 

Vetches 7 10 

Watches and Parts of sec Clocks. 

Wax 7 10 

manufactures of, ex 
cept Candles 7 10 

Whalebone 7 10 

Wire, Iron 5 

Wine, 10 per ct. Ail Val. Specific. 
incliidir.2 casks and bot 
tles, and per gallon ... 1 

TaMe of Exemptions. 



Sj/ccifc, Dy. Cy 

WOOD, Staves, Standard or s. D. 
Measurement, per niille, 1 5 o 

Puncheon or West In 
dian, viz. ; 

Asi). . . .per standard 

inille, 040 

Barrel do. do. 040 

Red Onk,. . .do. do. 070 

White Oak,.. do. do. 



10 



The folloieing- articles are exempted from Duties: 
\NATo:.ncAL PREPARATIONS when imported express!;. 
for the use of any College or School of Anatomy o 
Surgery, incorporated by Royal Charter or Act o 
Parliament, not imported for 3; 
OPIES of tli 1 in tl .e United 

Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and not im 
ported for sale. 

SOOKS and MAPS and Illustrative drawing-*, importer 
fortlie use of any Library to which tlie pub! 
have free o for the. Libraries of either 

Brand; ..-gislature. 

iiv and BD i ID.V, 

JOXATIOXS of BOOK? or CT.OTIIING specially importc>: 
for the i;se o 1 ", or to I . e:l gratuitously by any 

Charitable Society i;i this Province. 

: !>!!, f-- .>. l, tlQl .": Tilled. 

. ;:$ of TRAVET.I.EP.S, and Horses. 
Cattle and . v- 

ployed in ize, together witii tl; 

uec e is i 

are loud . for tliat purpose, except tin 

Horses, Cattle, Carriages and Vehicle.- nid L 1 ;. 
of persons hawkiir. goo ! -, w;.- 

Dorses, Carria : Circus o r 

r,(]iie?triaii troop for exhibition. Tl- ilor.-es, Car 
riages, Canvans and il;t! . tobr 

free. Horses and Cattle belonging to persons r 
into the Province for the purpose of actually settling 
therein. 

Him:?, OFFAT, and TALLOW of Cattle and Swine, 
slaughtered in ! 

MANURES of all kinds. 



Deals, Pine, per Quebec, 

ed, 15 

Spruce, i.o. do. 070 

pikes, per dozen. 003 

Orirs. per pair o 3 

Planks, Boards, and all 
kinds of Sawed Lum 
ber not herein charged 
with duty, per thou 
sand supcrrici.- I left, 
inch thick, and so in 
proportion for any 

ss.. ..070 
A- i, S .im, Taniarac, or 
llacmatac, and other 
woods not herein 
charged with duty, per 
one thousand cubic ft. 1 5 
Birch, . .do. do. 2 10 

Oak,. . .dp. do. 2 15 

Pine, White, and in pro 
portion for any small 
er quantity "thereof, 
per one tbous nd en. ft. 150 
Red, p.-r lUi/D cul.ic ft. 1 15 
Wood used in dyeing see Berries. 

Ad Valorem. 
A T ood, all manufactured 
articles of, having no 

part metal 7 10 

Wool 1 

Woolen Yarn 1 

Yorsted, manufactures of, 7100 
Woollen, manufactures of, 7 10 

-"ellow Metr.l 100 

IN:) ALT, Uoons, WAI;T:S 
A.vn MKRCIIAKLU/ES, not 
oiheruife charged wllli 
lii in. diid ?int herein de 
clared lo be free of ituly, 7 Ifl 



MACHINERY, nnd of other inventions and 
improvements in the Arts. 

< ,vv containing DufiaMe Articles. 

PHILOSOPHICAL Arr. .R vn s, Instruments, Books, Maps, 
Stationery, Busts, and C jsts of .Mavl.le, P.ronxc, Ala- 
, or Pi.isrer of Pnris, Paintioss, Drawings, En- 
griiviiiL 1 . , Etchings, specimens of Sculptures, Ca hi nets 
of Coins , and all other collections of 

Antiquities, provided the . .;eciatly imported 

od, faith for the use 61 i :corporated 

or established lor Philosophic;;! or Lr.erary pursiiits, 
orfortho -: uent of 1 ii.e .\rts, or for the use 

or by the order of any University. (. ideiny, 

iol or Seminary of Learning within this Pro 
vince. 

\r, ArpARATrs, &c., &c., imnorted for use 
by any public Lecturer IV;. 1 ::ain, and to 

lie re-exported, - 

liond ot tW jr their ei- 

portation w uhin ihe specified time. 
ARMS or (. Mvnii.vo uhich ; ;ctor or Contract 

ors, C ouiin^-Tiry or Commissaries, shall import or 
bring into the Province for the i --e of Her Majesty s 
Army and Xavy, or lor the use oi the Indian Nations 
in this Province : Provided the dut> ii.er\\ ire pay 
able \\ rayed or borne hy tbe Treasury of 
the [ nited Kingdom or of this Picx : 

uf Natural llistorv. Mineralogy or Botany, 
of all kinds, Farming l*ten>i!s nnd Jtnplemeiit* 
of Husbandry, and Aniiu.i s tor the improvement of 
Stock when specially imported in <_ ood faith l/y any 
Society incorporated or established for the encourage 
ment of Agriculture. 

APPAREL in aitual use, and other personal 






[CANADA TARIFF.] SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 47 



cffccrs not merchandize, Implements and Tools of! Cordage, Pitch, Tar, Turpentine, Leather, Leather- 

Trade of haridy-crafts-rrrep, in the occupation or em- ware; Fiafcermens 1 Clothing and Hosiery, Fishing 

piovment of persons coming into the Province ft>r the Craft, Cirnsils niul Instruments imported into th< 

purpose of actually settliiig therein^ District of Gaspc from the United Kingdom or the 

[Tiie Xauvo Produce and manufactures of nil 01 1 Channel Islands or neighbouring Colonies, for the use 



any such of tlic other British North Americai 
Co loi : as shall admit the Native Produce ant! 
manufactures of Canada free of duty, shall be en- 
Ul eil to exemption from duties uniier this Act, with 
the exception of Spirituous Liquors.] 



ALSO, 



of the I isheriL s carriu ! on therein, subject u> 

I ;,s the Principal Officer of Customs at the 
Port, uf .III - e, and w ;i lere oj 

empowered to establish ior ihr purpoeeof ascertaining 
that s: intended 10 l-e appliei. 



to the use of such Fisheries. 



SALT, Sailed or Cured Meats, Flour, Biscuits, Molasses. 

Prohibited Articles. 

The foUnwing articles are prohibited to be imported, under a penalty of Fifty Pounds, together with l!,i 
forfeiture of the Parcel or Package of Goods in which the same shall be found: 

.\A and Drawings of an immoral or indecent character, 
COIN, Base or Counterfeit. 

Reciprocity Arrangement between Canada, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia 

List of Articles to le admitted. Free of Duty, at the Ports of Montreal and Quebec, being the growth, product 

or manufacture of the Provinces of A ea Brunswick a/id Nova Kcolia : 

Anima1. Hides, raw, not tanned, curried or dressed ; Horns. 

Beef and Pork, Biscuit and Bread, Butter. ;Mcat. 

Coal, Coke, Cocoa Paste, Corn or Grain of a!! kinds. Ores of all kinds. 
Flour-. Fish, fresh or salted, dried or pickled; Fish Oil : Poultry, Plants; Shrubs and Trees; Potatoes anc 

Furs or Skin-. i--e of fish or creatures living Vegetables of all kinds. 

in the Seas: Furniture which has acui.--.lly been h C all kinds; Skins, Pelts, Furs, or Tails un- 

use; Working Tools and implements, the properly dri 

of emigrants or persons coming to reside in the Pro- Tallow. 

vince, and not intended for sale. V. ood, viz., Boards, Planks, Staves, Timber and Fire- 

Gypsum, wood. 

[CIRCULAR.] L G -9- CUSTOMS DF.P/.RTMF.KT, 

Montreal, J-2th July, J-k>. 

SIR, A question having arisen as to the rale of duty properly leviable on bound and unbound Books, respcc- 
Bely, under the provisions of the Act 10 & 11 Vic. cap. 3i, intituled " An Act for repealing end consolidating 
fee present Duties of Customs in this Province, ; tber purposes therein mentioned." 

I am to ai r.uaint ou, for your information and government, that Books, into the composition of the bindinc 
which there is leather, are to be considered as Bound, and will be properly chargeable with the duty of 
Seven Pounds, Ten Shillings, currency, on every one hundred pounds of the value tberef. 

Books, in clot!) a:i<i boards simply, without leather, are not rated as Bound Books, and will be chargeable 
with a dntv oi five Pounds on every cue hundred pounds of the value thereof. 

(Signed) J. W. DUNSCOMB. 

American Vessels, under the authority of an Order of Council, are now permitted to pass through the 
Chambly Canal to Quebec, Montreal, or any other Ports in the Province, in ballast, or with cargo, and in 
like manner to return. 

!>,- a late decision of the Law Officers of the Crown, parties naturalized by a Provincial F tatutc are permitted 
B*nre?ister Vessels, under the Act 8 Vie. ch. 5, intitnled "An Act to secure the riiiht of property in Britisl 
!ii!^ tlie Inland Wuiors of this Province, and not registered under tiie Act of the 



Imperial Parliament of the i ni <"l : - IML-. lorn, passed in tlie third and fourth years of the reign of his latt 
-.- King William the Fourth, intitule.; Aff Act for the Registering of British Vessels, and to facilitatt 
t-a:;:!:;-.-; of the s; me, and to prevent the fraudulent assignment of any property in such Vessels. " 

.V < . . Tn computing the arfc.-- -rations via the United States, the same rule 

>ea direct to Uuebec or Montreal, i. e.,oi, 
ods, at tiie place of < y tlie in.| orter. 



WARE. Stoves are rated as Castings ; but Church Bells, being composed of other material than Iron, 
are charged as non-ei.umeraied articles. 

. . .- ! lo be trans-sltipfed p.t the 

on.-trnciively \. ie Vessel on which the same are 

.inply required to icr Qptttards au,: t;.ke a I 

I. G. O. CC~TOJTS DEPARTMENT, 

Montreal, 19th Aug. 
Si::, 1 have it in COMU:. t ct you to charge duty < warciionse on inge or 

p:iiti.v;: to tl.-al elii.-ct, a;; 

,.LS arisen from i ..iid that no abstraction or improper interference 

.en place. 

: . . 

-. ij ;tii(i 11 Vic. cap. iil. 

(Signed) J. W. DUX3COMB. 

t o the C*. 



_ Jt hnslioen rnlod. thrt U omen s run! Children s Boots and Shoes, not leather, (such as prunella, &c.), arr 
r cent, fid rail , 



48 



SCOBIE & BAL FOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. [CANADA TARIFF.] 



Memoranda, on tlie Canada Customs Act, 10th & lltli Vic. cap. 31, imposing 
tlie foregoing Duties on Imports into tlie Province. 

ection 4 -All Duties, Penalties or Forfeitures, to be in Provincial Currency, and all duties shall be paid and 

received according to British Weiirhis and Measures in use on the Oth July, lei). .,_;., 
[The old Wine Gallon and Winchester Bushel, instead of the Imperial GaUou and Imperial Bush 

Sec . 9._Goods i nor. to be* unladen, except after due entry, and at the places appointed for the purpose. If 
unladen contrary to regulations Forfeited. _, ,.., 

Sec 10 and 1 l.-Vesse s, &c. to be reported on arrival. Goods not reported or not agreeing with report-Forfeited 
2 -All entries to uV made according to an appointed form, and in Duohcaie ; and unless we goods are to 

, ,. r ._! J duties to be ri Id uown at the time of making the entry. 

i, Goods may be sent to the Customs Warehouse and if no: duly entered within 
av be sokl for duties, &c. _ . . 

Sec. 13.-When the Importer is unable to make a perfect entry, Goods may be entered by Bill of Sffkt-uatez 

Uc. 14.-A S enis a to\iroduce a U Written Authority from persons for whom they act, and their acts shall bind the 

Sec 13 -Goo. r is"pav;^ duty ad valorem, value to be taken per Invoice with an addition of 10 per cent, thereon. 
If the Goods ap.,ear to be invoice,! below their real and true value, or if mere be no invoice, the arucles 

Sec. 10 -OoEJcffiB$S deem k neSsary, require further proof that goods are properly entered, &c- 

lee! S-GooS c^SS^ n^KferWd, and suspected packages may be opened. 

Sec. 1.9. Abatement of duty may IJB mrde 1 or damage. 

Sec. 20. Goods lost or destroyed before landLis, duty paid thereon may be re.urned. 

Sec. 21 .-Goods imnorUK. Free for any particular mimose, and auerwaros sol.l-1 ..-corae h able to duty 

Seel -^-Allowance for Tare, &c.. to be according to Regulations to be made by Governor in Cuuncil-when 

ire, c., is "^ r "^o rtation, OT to be Warehoused, without payment of any i . :ty on the 
But a^a^^^^d^^clra^MWareJOiUW within two years from date of first entry, unle.; 

Sec. o^._AU U Goo u e e!uered e" Warehouse shall be liable to tbe duties in force at the time they arc taken out 

Imperial Acts. 
of the "Trade of the British Possessions Abroad" by the Imperial Ac 18 & 9 Vic 



!Sec. 



uaw, remain unaltered. 

THE FOLLOWING ARE PROHIBITED : 
Gunpowder, Ammunition, ? Prohibited to he imported, except from the United Kingdom, or from some other 
Arms or Utensils of War, $ British Possession. 
Base or Counterfeit Coin. 
Forei"n reprints of Books un- er Copyright* 



rw and *y. certain Foreign Ship, may Impon from the County to which 

theVbelon % fan" ITsome c"ses from tlie Col&iea of such Countries,) Goods the Prouuce of those Countries or 
Colonies, and may Export Goods to be carried to any Foreign Country whatever, 

NOVA SCOTIA TARIFF OF CUSTOMS. 



THE DUTIES ARE COLLECTED IN STERLING 
S. D. -C S. D. 



Anchors, Grapnels, and 
Anchor Palms, for every 
100 of the value. ... 21! 

Apples, fresh or dried, per 
barrel 



Bacon, per cwt. 

Beef, spited, per cwt. ... 

" fresh, per cwt 

Biscuit, line, called crack 
ers or cakes, per cwt.. . I 

Butter, per cwt 

CANDLES : Way, Sperma 
ceti, or Composition, 

per Ib 

Tallow, per Ib 

CATTLE, viz : Horses, 
Mares, or Geldings, 

each 

Neat Cattle, viz : Oxen, 
or other Neat Cattle, 
three years old, or up 
wards, eacli i 

Cows and Cattle, under 
three years old. ... 







3 
1 



Sheep, each 3 

UO.K, over 100 Ibs. 

weight, each 1 

Hogs of 100 Ibs. wci . ht, 

and under, each . 

Cheese, per cwt 5 

! 

RoasUd, Burned, 

or Ground, per Ib 002 
{CLOCKS: on all Clocks 



4 
9 

o 

,3 u Chocolate, or Cocoa Paste, 

per Ib ( 

3 4 



Cottee, Gree .i, per Ib. . . . 



200 



10 
10 



costing under 20s... 5 

On nil others 10 

All Wheels, Machinery, 
and Materials for ma 
nufacturing Clocks.for 
every 30U of the 

value 20 

Cigars and Sni .n", Cm : 

and Fis.s, for every 100 

value." 10 t 



MONIES. 

Cables of Hemp, or other ] 
vegetable substance, 
of of lion, 

IOPPKR, viz : In plates, 
sheets, bars or bolts, 
for Shipbuilding, 
Wr.iuuht or Cast for 
Machinery, pure or 
without other metal, 
Copper ( acinus of 
every description, 
for Machinery for 
Mills or Steamboatt, 
Cupper and Compo 
sition, >iails and 
Spikes, for Ship 
building 

Cordage, taired or un- 
tarred, and whether 
fitted for Rigging or 
otherwise, for every 
100 of the value.. 



s. D. 



2 10 



Hams, smoked or dried, 
per cwt 







Imprial Copyri-ht Law will 



Provincial Copyright Act to persons resident in tlie 
jf tlie (iueen in Council. When so assented to, the 
to Canada. 



[N SCOTIA TARIFF.] SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 



49: 



Hay and Straw, for every 

100 of the value. . . . 

Ino.v, viz : In bars or 

holts, 

(Dustings for Mills or) 
Steam lingi nes, and 
cast or wrought 
Pipes and Tubes, 
Sheet Iron, for every I 
100 of the value. -J 

Lard, per cwt 

LEATHER : Sole heather, 
including Hides and 
Skins partially dress 
ed therefor, per Ib. . . 
Upper Leather of all 
sorts, including Hides 
and Skins, partially 
dressed tlH:refor,per Ib 
Boots, Shoes, and Lea 
ther manufactures of 
all sorts, for every 
.100 of the value. . . 
Meat, Fresh, Poultry of 
all sorts, dead, for every 
100 of the value. ... 
Molasses, per gallon .... 

Onions, per cwt 

Onkiim, Pitch, Sail Cloth 
oi all kinds, Canvas in 
cluded, Tar, for every 
.C100 of the value . . . ". 
Po ;rs,fresh or dried, per bl. 
Pork, salted, per cwt. . . . 
" fresh, per cwt. . . . 
Raisins, in boxes, perlb. . 
" in other packages, 

per Ib 

SPIRITS, viz : !inindy,Gin, 
Ruin, or other Spirit 
uous Liquors, which 



s. 

20 

2 10 



2 10 



080 



001 



002 



10 



10 


2 



2 10 

4 

(i 

4 







by any way or method 
whatsoever shall be 
manufactured, com 
pounded or extracted, 
distilled or made with 
in this Province, not 
exceeding the strength 
of proof by Sykes 
Hydrometer, and so in 
proportion for any 
greater strength than 
the strength of proof, 

per gallon 

Brandy, Whiskey, Gin, 
Cordials, and other 
Spirits (except Rum) 
not exceed ing the 
strength of proof by 
Sykes Hydrometer, & 
so in proportion for 
any greater strength 
of proof, per gallon. . 
Rum, not exceeding tbe 
strength of proof Ity 
Sykes Hydrome-er, 
and so in proponion 
for any greater stn ngt i 
than the strength of 
proof, per gallon .... 
Shrub or Santee, per gal. 
Sugar, refined, per cwt . . 
" Crushed and Bas 
tard Facings, per 

cwt 

" Brown or Musco- 
v; !o, not refined 

per cwt 

TEA, viz : Souchong. Con 
go, Pekoe. Bohea, Pou- 
chong, & all other Black 
Teas, per 11) 



Table of 



s. D. 



Gunpowder,Hyson,Yonng 
Hyson, Twankay, and 
other Green Teas, per Ib 003 
Tobacco, manufactured, 
(except Snuff & Cigars) 

per Ib . . . . 1 

Tongues of Cattle, dried 

or pickled, per cwt. ..090 
WINKS, viz : Hock, Con- 
stantia, Malmsey, To 
kay, Champagne, Bur- 
sundy, Hermitage, 
Oil Claret, called Lafitte, 
Latour, Layfayette, 
Margeanx or Haut- 
brian, the gallon. ... 030 
Madeira and Port, per 

[r.-illon 2 6 

Sherry Wine, of which 
the first cost is -20 per 
pipe or upwards, per 

028 gallon 2 (i 

Other Claret \Vines, liar- 
sac, Sauterne, Vin de 
Grave, Moselle, and 
other French Wines, 
and Lisbon and Ger 
man Wines, per gal. 013 
1 6 All other Sherry Wines, 
1 4 TenerifTe, Marsala, Si 

ll cilian, Malaga, Payal, 

and all other Wines, 

per gallon 1 3 

All other Goods, Wares, 
and Merchandize, not 
otherwise charged with 
Duty, and not enumer 
ated in the Table of Ex 
emptions, for every 100 
of the value 5 



10 
7 

If 



Ashes, viz-. Pot Ashes and Pearl Ashes; Asses and 
Mules. 

; ?mrl Apparel of Passengers not intended for 
sile: Barilla and Soda -Ash ; Beans ; Biscuit or 
Bread ; Books not prohibited to be imported into the 
f nited Kingdom; Bullion, Gold or Silver; Burr 
Stones. 

Coal ; Cocoa ; Coin Gold and Silver Coins, and British 
Copper Coins; Copper, viz -. Copper Ore, or in Pigs 
or Bricks ; old or worn, or fit only to be re-manufac 
tured ; Corkwood ; Corn, viz : Wheat, Rye, Indian 
Corn, Barley, Oats, Rice, and Buckwheat, unground ; 
Wheat Flour, Barley Meal, Rye Meal, Oat Meal, In 
dian Meal, Buckwheat Meal, Peas, Beans, and 
Calavances. 

Fish, viz : Fresh, Salted, Dried or Pickled ; Fish Hooks; 
Fish Oil. viz : Train Oil, Spermaceti Oil, Head mat 
ter and IJlubber, Fins and Skins, the produce of Fish 
or crenturt-s living in the sea : Flax: Furniture that 
has actually been in use, Working Tools and Imple 
ments thn property of Immigrants or persons coming 
to reside in this Province, and not intended for sale. 

ilemp ; Hides, or pieces of Hides, raw, not tanned, cur 
ried or dressed : Horns; Horses and Carriages of 
Travellers, and Horses, CattleJ Carriages and other 
Vehicles, when employed in carrying Merchandize, 
together with the necessary Harness and Tackle, so 



long as the same are bona fide in use for that 
purpose. 

Iron, viz : Unwrqught or Pig Iron ; Ores of Iron of all 
kinds; Iron Rails for Railroads, Boilers, Plates, and 
Plough Moulds. 

Lentils ; Lime and Lime Stone ; Lines for the Fisheries 
of all kinds. 

Manures of all kinds ; Maps and Charts. 
Ne ts : Fishing Nets and Seines of all kinds. 
Ores of all kinds. 

Paintings : Palm Oil ; Plants, Shrubs and Trees ; Plate, 
of Gold and Silver, old and fit only to be re-manufac 
tured ; Potatoes. 

lla"s, viz : Old Rags, old Rope, Junk and old Fishing 
i Nets ; Rosin. 

Sails or Rigging, saved from vessels wrecked on the 
I coast of this. Province; Salt; Seeds of all kind-; 
Skins, Fur.s, Pel ts, or Tails, undressed; Stone, un-i 
i manufactured; Sugar of the Maple. 

Tallow ; Twines and Lines used in the Fisheries ; To-; 
bacco, unmanufactured ; Tow ; Turpentine ; Whale; 
Fin or Bone; Wood, viz: Boards, Planks, Staves,; 
Square Timber, Shingles, and Firewood. 



NEW BRUNSWICK TARIFF OF CUSTOMS. 

The Act imposing the following Tariff was passed by the Legislature of New Brunswick, !3dth March, 1848.; 
A discriminating or dilferrntial duty is imposed on Foreign commodities, in favor of those which are of British 
uid Colonial produce, growth, or manufacture. The power of the Colonial Legislatures to impose diilerential, 
duties, is thus recognised and established. The Act came in force on 1st April, 1818, and is limited to one >ea i 
terminating Ut April, 1849 : 



D 



50 



SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. [N.BRUNS.TARIFF. 



ARTICLES. 



Apples, per bushel 

Uutter, per cwt 

Uread and Biscuit, percent, ad vol. 

Srandy see Spirits. 

Boots, Shoes, and other Leather Manu 

factures, per cent, ad val 

arriages, Waggons, Sleighs, and 
other Vehicles, percent, ail col. . 
!hairs, and prepared parts of or for 
Chairs; Clock Wheels, Machinery 
and Materials for Clocks ; House 
hold Furniture, [except the Property 
of Passengers and Emigrants, for 
their own use and not intended for 
Bale] ; Looking Glasses ; Granger 
and Lemons ; Whale Oil, [except 
the return Cargoes of Vessels fitted 
out for Fishing Voyages from Torts 
in this Province] ; Wooden Wares- 
of all kinds; Matches; Corn Brooms 
and Brushes ; Hats and Hat Bodies, 
per cent, ad val 

ordage, per cent, ad val 

Jordiala see Spirits. 

Cigars see Snuff. 

handles of all kinds, except Spcrni 

and Wax, per Ib 

Sperm and Wax, per Ib 

battle of all kinds over 1 year old. . . 

Cheese, per cwt 

Clocks or Clock Cases of all kinds, ea. 

Clock Wheels, and Materials, <tc. 
see Chairs. 

Coffee, per Ib 

Fish of Foreign taking or curing, driei. 

or salted, per cr. t 

1 ickied, per barrel 

Fruit, dried, per ewt 

(Furniture see Chairs. 

iGoods see the end of the Schedule. 

! Hata and Hat bodies see Chairs. 

Horses, Marea and Geldings, each.. . 
Leather. 

Sole, per Ib 

Upper Leather, per Ib 

Harness and Belt Leather, per Ib. . 
Sheep Skins, tanned and dressed, 

per dozen 

Calfskins, tanned, per dozen 



On Bri 
tish and 
Colonial 
produce, 
growth 
or manu 
facture. 

s. d. 
DUG 
fl 4 6 
400 



4 
4 



4 

Free. 



001 
003 
I 
3 
050 



a o i 

Free. 

Free. 

050 



On Fo 
reign 
produce 
growth 
or maim 
facture. 




20 
10 





2 

y 6 

15 





2 

5 

7 






200 



300 



o 140 o 

I) tjfO 
00100 



026 
026 



8 
3 



ARTICLES. 



Leather Manufactures see Shoes. 

Looking Glasses see Chairs. 

Lemons see Chairs. 

Lemon Syrup see Spirits. 

Matches see Chairs. 

Malt Liquors of every description, 
not being aqua vita, otherwise 
charged with duty, whether iu 
bottles ortotherwise, per gallon. . 

Meats, fresh, per cwt 

Salted and cured, per cwt 

Molasses and Treacle, per gallon. . . 

Oranges see Chairs. 

Oil, Whale see Chairs. 

Piano P ortes, per cent, ad val.. .. 

Rum see Spirits. 

Shoes see Boots. 

Sleighs see Carriages. 

Snuti and Cigars, per cent, ad val.. . 

Spirits and Cordials, viz. : 

Brandy, per gallon 

Kuin and other Spirit* and Cordials- 

For every gallon of such Rum or 

other Spirits or Cordials of any 

strength, under and not exceeding 

the strength of proof of 26 by the 

Bubble 

And for every Bubble below 2( 

in number, an additional, per gal 

Lemon Syrup, per gallon 

Sugar, Refined, in Loaves, per Ib . . . 
Refined, Crushed, per cwt. ...... 

Of all kinds, except Refined anr. 
Crushed, per cwt 

Ten, per Ib 

Tobacco, manufactured, except Snuil 
and Cigars, per Ib 

Treacle see MoftfsSes. 

Vehicles see Carriages. 

Wines, per gallon 

Wheat Flour, per barrel 

Waggons; see Carriages. 

Wooden Wares see Chairs. 

All other Goods, Wares and Merchan 
dize, not otherwise charged will 
Duty, and not hereafter declared t< 
be free of Duty, for every humlrec 
pounds of the true and real valu< 
(hereof 



On Bri 
tish and 
Colonial 
produce, 
growth 
or manu 
facture. 



s. d. 





I) 4 

2 





10 

10 
030 

010 

002 
) 1 
001 
) 5 



On Fo 
reign 

produce 
growth 

or manu 
facture 

s. d 



2 
2 



) 1 



3 
1 



006 
063 
5 
000 



20 



20 
030 



013 

002 
) 1 
2 
10 

6 
( 2 

001 



11 3 
) 2 



t 



15 



Table of Exemptions. 



Anchors- AshM 




Composition Nails and Spikes for Ship 

Corn, Wheat, Rye, Indian Corn, Barley, Oats. 

Rice ground and unground, and Buck Wheat 

unground, Barley Meal, Rye Fiour and Meal. 

Oatmeal, Indian Meal, Buck Wheat Meal, am 

Oalavances ; Cotton Wool and Cotton \Varp : 

Copper in sheets, bars and bolts, for shipbuilding ; 

Corn Uroom Brush. 
;i)og Stones ; Duck ; Dye Wood. 
J tjg.L 
Fcit,; Fishing Craft Utensils. Instruments, and Bait. 

Fruita ; Fresh Roots and Vegetables of all kinds. 

except. Apples, Oranges, arid Lemonfc ; Furniture. 

Working Tools, and Implements, the property of 

Emigrants, not intended lor sale. 

aum, ground and unarpund. 
p. Flax and Tow ; Hides, green and salted, 
lron, in bolts, bars, plates, sheet*, and Pisr Iron. 



[Lines and Twines for the Fisheries; Looking Glass* 
Kind. ; MiD Saws ; MoroccoSkin, 

and Skins, the produce ot 
the return of 
for Fishing Voyages: 

Oil Seal, Cod, Porpoise, Palm, and Rape : Ores 

of all kimis. 
Pitch; Plants, Shrubs, and Trees ; Poultry of all kinds 

Printing Paper. 
(Quicksilver. 

Raas, Old Rope, and Junk ; Rock Salt ; Rosin. 
Sail Cloth of all kinds ; Salt ; Seeds of all kirn s ; Pailsf 

and Rigging saved from Vessels wrecked : Sheatinp 

Paper; Ships. Ship Tuck! 1 , and Apparel; .- kin!--. 

Furs. Pelts, or Tails, undressed ; Soap Crease : 

Spikes and Shcatinu Nails; Steam Knjiines. Boiler?, 

and Machinery for Mills: Stone, nnnianufhctnred. 
Tallow; Tar; Tin in Sheets mid Blocks; Tobacco* 

unmanufactured ; Turpentine. 
Varnish of all kinds. 
Wood and Lumber of all kinds, except Cedar, Spruce/ 

Pine, and Hemlock Shingles ; Wool. Zinc. 



SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 5] 



DIVISIONS OF THE PROVINCE OF CANADA. 



The Province of Canada formerly consisted of two Provinces. Although these arc now united, there ar 
:n ;,, ,..>, respects, distinct divisions, maintained in a great degree by the dissimilarity in the laws, custom 
prevailing in the respective sections, which formerly constituted Lower and Upper Canada, an 




Governor and the tenure of their offices depends upon their receiving the support of the Provincial Parliamen 
in the sains manner as the tenure of office, by the Imperial Cabinet, is dependent upon the support ot th 
(Imperial Parliament. The Governor and Executive Council thus hold a position within the Province simila 
to that which is held by the Queen and Her Majesty s Cabinet .Ministers in England. The members of th 
(Executive Council must hold seats in eitiier branch of the Provincial Parliament. The Provincial House cor 
Irespondin" with the House of Lords, is called the Legislative Council, the members of which are sumtnone 
by the Queen, and hold their seats for life, unless forfeited by resignation or absence without permission ot th 
Queen or Governor, for two successive sessions, or by acknowledgment of allegiance to any foreign Prince o 
Power, or by becoming Bankrupt or taking the benefit of any Insolvent law, or becoming a public defaulter, o 
by being attainted of Treason, or convicted of Felony or of any infamous ^ crime. The Provincial^ House coi 
responding w 
by the people 
Lower V~ 

of a yearly rent" of 10 sterling. Tim forms of procedure in the Provincial Parliament are identical with thos 
of the Imperial Parliament. Bills passed by both Houses of the Provincial Parliament must receive the Queen 1 
assent before they acquire the force of law," and this the Governor is authorized to grant in Her Majesty s name 
or to reserve the Bills for the signification of the Queen s pleasure thereon 




Upper or Western Canada, 

[s divided into Districts and Counties. The several Districts comprise the limits of the respective Shrieval 
;s, within which Courts of Assize and N 
by the Judges of the Court of Queen s Ben 



ties, within which Courts of Assize and Nisi Pruia, Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery are held 

;h on Circuit, ; and Courts of Quarter Sessions are also held wit.hii 




[Division Courts are held at some place named by the District Judse, within the limits of each Division. Th 
Court of Queen s Bench, Court of Chancery, Court of Appeal, Court of Probate, and the Heir and Devisee Com 
[mission, sit at Toronto. The Judges of the Court of Queen s Bench are, the Chief Justice of Upper Canada 
Find four Puisne Judges. The Vice Chancellor presides in the Court of Chancery. The laws and juriaica 
iforiHs of procedure, Civil and Criminal, are in general the same as in England. Each PUtrict is incorporate! 
^into a Municipality, for the furtherance of local improvements. The District Council of each is composed of 
Councillors chosen by the people, in their respective Townships. The Councils hold two sessions each year 
Jin their respective Districts, and they may assemble ofiener if necessary. Each Council is presided over by ; 
Warden, chosen by the Council from among its members ; and they also appoint the District Treasurer, Clerk 
Surveyor, School Superintendent, &c. The Councils possess limited powers of Taxation, for effecting neces 
sary improvements within their several Districts; and they are further empowered to levy taxes, at theii 
idiscreMon, for Common School purposes. The Incorporated Cities and Towns manage their own affairs 
^irrespective of the District Councils. 

The several Counties indicate the political divisions, for Parliamentary representation, and the limits within 
which Records are kept, for the registration of Titles to property, there being a Registrar for each County 

Limits of Districts and Counties in Upper Canada. 



By the Act 8th Vic. Cap. 7, the several Districts in phodel, Belmont, Burleigh, Bexlcy, Pummer, Donro, 

- Methuen, 
, Verulam, 
Peterborough. 



liy the Act Htn vie. <;ap. 7, tne several Districts inipnoaei, jieimont, uuneign, oexiey, u 
Upper Canrt in, for Judicial, Municipal, and oilier pur> Ennitmore, Kmily. Klrlon, Fenelon, Harvey. 
ipo ses, are declared respectively to include and consist Mariposa, Otonabee, Ops, Smith, Somervilie, 
of the Cou"ties and Hidings following; and these and North Monagban. District Town, Pete 



[Counties and Ridings are also severally defined in the 
isarne Act, as under. 

BATHI:RST DISTRICT comprises the Counties of Lanark 
and Renfrew. District Town, Perth, fends one mem 
ber to the Legislative Assembly. Lanark Connlii con 
sists of the Townships of Bathuret, Beckwith, Drum- 
mond, Dalhousic, Darlins, North Elmsley, North 



Sends one member to the Legislative Assembly. Regis 
trar of County Charles Rubidge, Peterborough. 

DALHOUSIF. DISTRICT comprises the County of Carle- 
ton, which is composed of the Townships of Fitzroy, 
Goulhourn, North Gower, Gloucester, Iluntley, March, 
Marlborough, Nepean, Osgoode and Torbolton, and, 
except for the purposes of representation in the Legisla- 



Bur:n-=s, Levant, Lanark, Montague, Ramsay, Northi,j ve Assembly, the Town of Bytown. District Town, 
Sherbrooke. South Sherbrooke. .Registrar of County-, Hvtown. The County of Cartoon, and the Town of 



Alex. McMillan, Perth. Rmfreu ( mint;/ consists of the 
Townships of Admneton, BlithPtield, liagot, Bromley, 
illorton, MneNato, Packcnham, Pembroke, Rots, Staf 
ford, and VVfstmeath. Registrar of County James 
Morris, senior, MacNab. 

BROCK D:STRK:T comprisfs the County of Oxford, 
which embrao: 1 .-; t v Townsiiiiisof Klandford, Blenheim, 
iRurford, Dc-reham. NUsrmri, North Oxford, East Oxford, 
QVest Oxford, Oakland, Norwich, Kast 7orra, and VVVst 
j7-orra. District Town, \V"i,o stock. Bends one mem 



_, _, . - County . 

Hytown send each a member to the Legislative Assem 
bly. Registrar of County G. T. Burke, Bytown. 

FIASTKRN DISTRICT comprises the Counties of Stor- 
innnt, Duniln?, and Glensrary. District Town, Corn-; 
wall. Stormont Count >/ consists of the Townships of 
Cornwall, Finch, Osnabruck, Roxborough, and, except 
for the purposes of representation in the Legislative 
As--i mbly, the Town of Cornwall. The County of 
Stormont and the Town of Cornwall send each a rncm- 
bcr to the- Legislaiive Assembly. Registrar of County 



ber to the Legislative Awsf-mMy. Registrar of County j ] sn McLean, Cornwall. Dvndas Ouvnty consists" of 
James Ingersoll, Woodsiock. (ne Townships of Mountain, Matilda, Winchester, and 

COLHORNK DISTRICT comprises the County of Pefer- WilHarneburgh. Fends one member to the LegislatjvB 
borough, which Is composed Of the Townships of As-t Assembly. Registrar of County A. McDontll, Wil- 



52 



SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 



iKiius nurgb. Glengary County consists of the Tovvn- 

ships ot Chnrlottenburgh, Kenyou, Locliiel, and Lari- 

uul the Indian Reservation adjoining the sak; 

aips of Charlottetiburgli and Kciiyon. .Sunds out 

; to tlie Legislative Assembly. Registrar of 

County Hoi:. Alex. Fnser, WiJJi.uiistown. 

GORE DISTRICT consists of the County of VVentworth 
g the Townships of Seneca and Oneida,)[pi 

Uijtrici,\ aau tl.u County of llalton. District 
L own, the City of Hamilton. Tl:e Incorporated Towns 
i jf Dtuiilas a.i i i .raui.fur.l are also situate 1 in this Dis 
trict. )! <; /Uicurl ft Cu::iity includes, tor all purpose;:, the 
Townships o. Ancus [, Bruatford, Binbrooke, Carton 



and, except Ibr the purposes of representation in the 
Legislative Assembly, t!ie Town o) London. Districi 
Town, London. Tlie County of Middlesex and the 
Town of London send each a member to the Legislative 
Assembly. Registrar of County II. Burvvell, London.] 

MIDLAND DISTRICT comprises the Counties of Fron- 
teriac, Lenox and Addington. District Town, City ot ! 
Kingston. The County of Fronteiiac ami the City of) 
Kingston send each one member to the Legislative As- 
s mill .ly, and the combined Counties of Lenox and Ad- 
dington tend also one n, ember thereto, conjointly. 
Fraittennc. Cnunly consists of the Townships of Bedford, 
tiarrie, Clarendon, Hinchinbfooke, Kingston, KennebecJ 



Unoudagii, t altl.eet. and i uscarora, and,lLoughborough, Olden, Oso, Portland, Pittsburgh, which 

for all purposes except that of representation in thelshall include Howe Island, Pahnerston, Storrineton i 
L-egisl Y, and that of Registration of Titles, 

>,\ uships of Seneca, and Onei.la [vide Haldimand 



L uiinlij, ^\,n^urn. Diftricl,\ and, except for the pnrpi.si 
jf leprcsemvj oii in llie Legislative Assembly, tlieCiu 
of Hamilton. The County of Wentwortb and the Citj 
i jf Hamilton send each u member to the J.egislative 
\ssembly. Registrar of County Alexander Stewart, 
Hamilton. jJailox County consists ot the Townships of 
tieveily, \ .- -".st Flainborongh, West Flai i- 

orough, Nassagaweya, Nelson, and Trafalgar, and for 
ill purposes except that of representation in the Legis 
lative Assembly, the Township of Dumfries, [aide 
U ulcrluu Cuurity, H cHin^tnii JJiilric.l,] and lor the 
purpose of representation in the Legislative Assembly 
only, the Township of rin, [aide Waterloo County.} 
Hal ton member to the Legislative Assembly. 

lugislrur of {Bounty Thomas Racey, Diimlas. 

;;.-,ni; I:<;T:::; T comprises the County of York, and 

i.: City uf Toronto. The County is divided into lonrl Oouittv consists of the Townships of Clarke, Cavan, 
s, each returning one member to the Legislative Carlwright, Darlington, Jlof>e, and Ainnvers. Sends u 
Assembly, and the City Of Toronto returning two mem- member to the Legislative Assembly. Registrar of 
!>ers thereto. The four Ridings of York are distinguish- County George C. Ward, i ort Hope. 



and Wolfe Island, and, except for the purposes of re-| 
atation in the Legislative Assembly, the Town 
of Kingston. Registrar of County Charles Htuart. 
Kingston. Lctt/jx County consists of ihe 



of Aaolphtrstown, Fredericsburgh, Fredericsburgh ad 
ditional and Richmond. Registrar of County Isaac 
Fraser, Mill Creek, Ernest Town. Jitdingtnn County 
consists of the Townships of Amherst Island, Camiieif.i 
Ernestown, Kalndar, Sheffield nud Anglesea. Regis-l 
trar of Count;. Isaac Fraser, Mill Creek, Ernest Town. I 

NEWCASTLE DISTRICT comprises the Counties of Nor-l 
thumberland and Durham. District Town, Cobourg. 
The Incorporated Town of Port Hope is also situated inl 
this District. Northumberland family consists of thej 
Townships of Alnwick, Cratnahe, Hamilton, Haldi- 
ma::d, South MonaglKin, Murray, Percy and Seymour. 
Sends one member to the Legislative Assembly. County 
llcuistrar lion. George S. Boulton, Cobourg." Durham 



;i respectively as rl;e North, Soutli, 
Ridings. DistrictTOWn, Cityoi To 
u Couuty Samuel Ridout, 



Kast and West 
Toronto. Register 
roronto. JSartli 



NIAO.ARA DISTRICT comprises the Counties of Lincoln) 
ind Wc-Hand, rnd the County of Hiluimand, except the! 
Townships of Seneca, OneWa, Rainham, and Walpole 

;onsistsof l ae Townships ot Brock, Nor h Gwillim- r ,,,-</ a , )rf j^trict, mid Norfolk County, Talbot &is-\ 
,)ury, i-ast Gwillimbury, Georgina, Mara, Reach, trict.] District Town, Niagara. The Incorporated 
Rama, Scott, Thorn. Uxbridge, and Whitchurch. Town of Saint Gathrinea is also stoated in this DiH 
S:rtiih Yui: : consists ot the Townships Of EtODicoke, tr l ct . lAr.r.,,1,, Coutitv consists of the Townships ofi 
vim:, Vaughan, and York, and fbr_the purposes of ,; aistor? Clinton, Gainsborough, Grantham, Grirusbv, 



itiou of Titles only, the City of Toronto. East 
FurA consists of the Townships of Markham, Picker- 
iuL , Scarb .irongh. and Wliitby. West York consists of 
(he Townships of Albion, Caledon, Chinguacousy, To- 
rotito Gore, and Toronto. 
HUROV DISTRTCT comprises the County of Huron; and 



Louth, Niagara, and, except for 1he purposes of repre 
sentation in tlie Legislative Assembly, the Town of 
.Niagara. Lincoln County and the Town of Niacara 
send each a member to the Legislative Assembly. 
Registrar of County John Powell, Niaaara. WMimi] 
C:itnit>/ consists of the Townships of liertie, Crowland, 



by the Act !Hii Vic. cap. 47, all that portion of the Pro- Humberstone, Pelharn, Stamford, Thorold, Wainrleet, 
vince lying to tlia Northward of the District of Huron, and Willoughby. Sends a member to the Legislative 
and bounded on the North by Lake Huron and the 
in i av, whicii is not included in cither of the 
cts of Wellington or Sin:;- 



Assembly. Registrar of County John Powell. Niagara. 
Haldimand Coutitij includes, for all purposes, the Town-, 
ships of Can borough, Cayuga, l. Linn, JIouliou, andj 
jses of and connected with the Administration of jSherbrooke : and for the purposes of representation inl 



is declared, for all 



} Criminal, to form part of the District 
of Huron. The Ci/i wty "/ Huron consists oftheTown- 
ships of Ashfield, f. id-Jtilpli, iilanciiard, Colborne, 
Pn .. :e, So^.th Knsthope, North Lastliope, Ful- 

larton, Goderfrh, IlibbrTt. Hay. Hullet, Logan, Mc- 
Killop, McGiUivray, Stephen, fcink-y, i lickersmith, 
Usborne, and Wawanosh. District Town, Goderich 
er to the Legislative Assembly. Re 
gistrar of County. John Gait, Goderich. 
! JOHNSTOWN DISTRICT comprises the Counties of Leeds 
,-in.l Grennlle. "District Town, 1 rockville. Thelncor- 
. of I rescolt is also situated in this!>i>frici. 
/,,. i coimists of the Townships of Bastard. 

iBu rsrsg, North Crosby, South Crijsby, Klmsli-y. Eliza- 
-town, Kitley, I . i lisdown, Leeds. YoiiLie. am; EsCOtl, 
; except for the purposes of representation in ihe 
isiative Assembly, tin; Town of Brockville. Thr 
Ceunty "f Lee is and the Town of Brockville send each 
nil-er to the Lt^islaiive Assembly. Re<:i<trnr of 
inty David Jones. Brockville. Grcncills: C,:inl 
-is of the Townships of Augusta, Edwardsburtrh. 
..", txi ord, and WollbrM. Sends a niembei 
i) the I,. .Tislati\-e Assembly. Registrar of County 
: .io in Patton, Prescott. 



slaiive Assembly, and of Registration of Titles; 
only, the Townships of Seneca, Oneidn, Rainbam ai. 



W;;lpole. \viile Wentiporth County 

Xurfiilk Cnniitif, Talbot 



DISTRICT comprises the County of 



-c\ which consists of the Townships of 
Al.tborouj*!, I nvh ini, CarrK.- oc, Delaivrire, 



Adelaide, 



Gore. District, and 

Haldimand County 

sends a member to tiie Legislative Assembly. Registrar 
of County Agnevv P. Farrell, Dunnville. 

(>TTA\V-\ DISTRICT comprises the Counties of Pres- 
cott and Russell. District. Town, L Oriirnal. J rem-nli. 
Countn coiisis? of the Townships of Alfred, Caledonia,. 
Kast, Hawkesbnry, West Hawkesburv, Longuetiil, anr/j 
I lantagenet. Sends one meml er to iheLeKislfttiveAsgem-l 

ly. Registrar of County George D. Reed. L Ori: nnl.| 
Hu.-srll Ci :s of the Townshi|is of Clarence, i 

Cumberland, Cnfcbridge, and Rup**ll. Semis a rnem- 
i:ert.o the Legislative Assembly. Registrar of Count} I 
George D. Reed, L Orignal. 

PiiiNrr EDWARD DISTRICT comprises the County ofj 
Prince Edward, which consists of the Townships of 
\thol, Aineliasbnrgh. IHIIier, llallowell, Marysburph, 
-opbiasl iiriih. i-trict Town, Picton. S ends a[ 
.er to the Legislative Assembly. Registrar ofi 
County John P. Rol hn, Picton. 

SIMOOK DISTRICT eo uprises the Cpunty of Pimcoe, 
which consists of t ;e Townships of Adjala, Artemcsiri, 
Collin^u cod, Ess.i, Firs, West Gwillimbury, InmsTil, 
Meilontf, Matrbedash. , Miilmur, !*Iouo, Nottnwasaaa. 
<)spry. Ore, North Orillia, South Orillia, St. Vincent, 



buuwich, Elrfrid, Loho, London, Metcalfe, Mpsa, Mala-lSunnidale, Tay, TecutnsMh. Tosorontio. Tiny, I pbra- 
hidc, Southsvol.1, Westminster, Willinms, Yarmouth, sU, and Vespra. District Town, Barrie. Sends one 



SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 53 i 

__^_ , i 

member to the Legislative Assembly. Registrar of Waterloo. Wilmot, Woolwich, and Wellesley, and, for) 

i; Jounty George Lount, B.irrie. the purpose of representation in the Legislative Assem- 

" TU.BOT DuTRirr comprises t, of Norfolk, ^^ ^Townsliip o, Dumfhc. aud JOT a ...r- 




except that of represeu 1 

and that of Registration of Titl. -.-=, the Townships w ,., TrRN T} ;STRICT comprises the Counties of V 
pf Rainham and Wai pole. [ -maud Coiint;/. ani , KcQt Distr j c t Town, ^andwich. The Town 

\ffiagrara District,] District Fown, Simcoe. sends s , ui , lwich Chatham ami Amherstlmrgh, in this !>is- 
lone member to ( itive Assembly. . egistrar oi ui( . u , m7e ot - , lie provisions ol 

^ ounty F. L. Walsh, Simcoe. recei , t ,\ctof theLegislaturc,!!) & 1 1 Vic. c. 1-J. con!- 

VICTORIA DISTRICT comprises the County of Hast- i limited corporate powers on T Villases in 

-, which consists of the Townships of Elzevir,- \j,,p cr Canada. lV?r.r Cuunln c 

f Anderdon, Colchester, C-osfiel !, Maidstonr. 



itirimsthorpe, Hunerford, Huntingdon; Lake, Marmora,; s (iips of 1 
Mndo -, Rawdon, Sydney. Tu for, Tlmrlow, and Tyen- jMersea, M 



r Maldsn, Rochester, and Sandwich. 

jdinaga. District Town, Belleville. Sends out; member j mc mVi t .f to tlv l/vNa:: 



to the Legislative Assembly. Registrar of County Geo. j t y_j ; , . AgJtin, Sandwich. A 
-Benjamin, Belleville. |of i - ;ipsof Bosanquet, Brooke, Camden, 

WE- ^STRICT comprises the County of nan), Dawn, East Dover, West Dover, Tlnni 

, Tit u * t ~ f~\ i* . . 1 111 * , . . " . 




Township OSficers, Upper Canada 



I * Abstract of the laws retatin-r to (,>,; duties of Toicnsltip Officers, fyc., in Upper Canal i, prepared fur. 

under the direction iif the Munic. jiizl (. ju.icil uf the //; Uiiirict, by Mr. Elliot, Clerk oj the Cmrncil. 



1. TOWNSHIP MEETINGS. ceedinis by reading publicly the notice w!iereby the 

rnshin rontaining thirtv inhabitant free- 7 , Vic - 7 - 5 1(! - 

"n - T ! t t ni nr>ti~f i< IM ronfnrmilv ivtth tnP nroviSlOnfi Gi 

itnl/f prc *i n ( i hrr i 1 1 ~ ! tcr M i\ 1 > i li IX 1I1C HUUCC JO in ^UlUU mnj \v i u i uic |/i u v io*w**n v, 

[1 Vic. 21, 6,] and anv Township not haVing that N ^uhlic Meem.ss Act, [ II. (the c may 

requisite Dumber of inhabitant,! shall be wkeu to ix, cause any r^rson interrupting or disturb ngtl 
Ipart of such adjoining Township ,:s the .Majistra; moved ; and may, by an instrume, 

granting the warrant for calling the meeting inav deem >- on hta own view, adjudge SUCH person to be gui ty 

most convenient. -" st; ^ l! li^urbancA upon which conviction a magis- 

Two Justices of the Peace [ 2] must issue a war- irate may commit the offender. , \ ic. c. 7. 
rant to the Township Clerk, see form,) at least ten The Unirman may com, 
idays before the time of meeting, requiring him to "ccs ot the Peace, Constables, and other ;>ci.-on t , to 

the inhabitant freeholders and householders P r ^ or!lcr - r ,. - , . ,. , .,,, 

of his Township, on the first Month v in January, at All questions at a J ownship ..leetm? : 
i-> o clock at noon, or if a Co-incillor is to be elected, majority < the frcoholaers and houseba 
at 10 o clock before noon. J Vic. 40, 1. " twaly-one, and a^v per^u oi 

to vote, not being uuly qualified, is liable to a iii:e u 

.CE S WARRANT TO ASSKMBLE THE ISJIABI- OIi ,, pr,;]!,,!. 1 \ jr. -jf, !. 

TANTS OF The Tow lag hall first elect a Councillor, 

" To Ike Towns/up Clark oft/ic TuicKship of in, or Councillors, if there l.-i. a vacancy: and if a IVi .l I tr 

said District: .amied, it it open until 4 o clock the same 

"Bv virtue of the power for such ;n-.r;-.oscs uranv- I < a !(I Vic-i I i 7: ! v ic. r. 10. 

an Act of the Legislature, > t!ie lirs t J llc meeting shall then ciect a , iwuship C 

vear of the liei-n of Queen Victoria, cap, 21. to U8 A ipient number ol 

aud- twi pers, and 9 of 1 



ioftho Peace in am for t;:u said DtoWict. These are to t " ee Town Wardens, and not less ri 

Rutnorise and wqui iving at tea n twelve Pence-viewers. 1 Vic. 21, 

^picvious notice, bv . ::j same in 

public places withi Pownship, to as - - ^ P^ I .v-lnv.-s for regulating the 

inhabitant freeholders and h ing within wluc " 

your Tow . ; lor imposiug 

iiv-law,] on tiie first Monday in January n dations; for tne prevention ot aces- 

.1* j .. .a T. ,nj , .1... _ .. t- \iv nrdcimpfiQ rtdorv \watprc nml nthor nnfUTPrfMls 



the day of January, 184 , at the hour of for 

the purpose of choosing and noininMinj c.-r:ain lit and 
proper persons to serve as Townsin for the 



. pfccipices, deep waters, and o;li -- 



-.iciion of \vr-eis detri.:.: iital -o 
ii.aij; the !iei::!it an 



.: year, according to the directions in uaid A ;! " (1 f - r s! ; ch l , ; " ! " r . n; ; tters 

contained. peace and welfiare oi the township. 

"Given under our hands and seals, at -on- l } ic - 

\l _>> District Councils may pass By-laws fixing the places 

i At least eislu days before the first Monday in January, of meetings, <Scc. 
[1 Vic. 21, ^ - J, j tiir- Town-;:iip Clerk must aive pn 
notice of the ti ; : ice of jnurti;-.:: ; but. if the 



; Township Clerk nej.ects to issue the notice, the inhahi- 



2. ELECTION OF COUNCILLORS. 



The township meeting, at which a Councillor is toi 



ta; its may, neverthelc- .a at the U- r :ii place of be elected [ j Vic. -10, 1.] shall commence at 10 o clock, 

meeting, and having cho-eii a chairman, may proceed before noon. 

Kvery township holding a township meeting [ i an 
j If there be an incorporated town, or town ha . >,} is entitled to elect one Council; 

ilations, in any township, the township meet- there I :ndrcd persons assessed in the i- 

.all not I e held within the limits of such town. } 5. they may elect two Councillors. 
All township mei tin .is shall he held at such place as : A Toll may be (ie .ianded by any candidate, 
[mjnr be appointed by a By-law of the District Council, by three cleciors present, and such Poll shall not be 
I J Vic. -Id, -J. : kept open longer than lour o clock in the afternoon. 

The Township Clerk presides at the meetings, until !t Vic. 40, 1. 

a cimirumi is chosen. 1 Vio. Jl. I It is the duty of the Collector to furnish the township 

It is the duty of the Chairman to commence the pro- clerk, [4 and j Vic. JO, 6.] at least six days before tbe 



54 



SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 



Section, with a certified list of all the inhabitants en 
tered on the lust assessment roll, and no person, not on 
the roll is entitled to vote [J 7] ; but if there be an equal 
ity of votes, the presiding officer, although he may not 
be otherwise qualified, may give his casting vote. 

Before proceeding to poll the votes, [} 8] the pre 
siding officer shall take and subscribe the following 
out) Jjclore a Justice of the Peace of the District : 

" 1, A. H., do swear, (or solemnly affirm) that I have 
not, directly or indirectly, by myself, or any other per 
son, received any fee, gift, gratuity, or reward, either 
in money or otherwise, or promise of any, as a consid 
eration for my returning, or effecting the return of any 
person as a Member of the District Council of the 



3. DUTIES OF COUNCILLORS IN THEIR 
TOWNSHIPS. 

Jt is the duty of the Councillor or Councillors of the 
township to hold a Special Session on or before the 
third Saturday in April, of which, at least, six days 
notice must he given, at three public places in the 
township, and proceed to divide the Roads of the 
township among the several Overseers of Highways.: 
1 Vic. 21, 2 J. 



District -, that 1 will, to the best of my skill and ability 
fairly, honestly, and faithfully conduct the present elec 
tion for the choice of a member lor members] of the said 
Council, and truly return the candidate [or candidates] 
who, at the final close, slu-.ll appear to have a majoritj 
of votes ; and that 1 will use my best endeavours to 
preserve peace and order at such election, and to give 
all persons, entitled to vote, free and unmolested access 
to and from the Poll ; " which oath must be returned to 
the Clerk of the Council. 

The township Clerk may administer to any person 
" offering to vote, the following oath : 

swear, (or solemnly affirm) that I am A. B., 
whose name is entered on the Assessment Roll of the 



[.! 



Township of - 
at this election." 



and that I have not already voted 



The township Clerk, or presiding officer, [ 7,] shall 
keep a poll list in the following form, and deliver the 
same to the Clerk of the Peace, immediately after the 
conclusion of such election. And in case of there being 
no poll, the town clerk should return to the Clerk of the 
Peace his report of the township meeting as soon after 
as possible, as the District Council meets on the third 
Tuesday iti January. 

A Councillor need not reside in the township which 
he represents. 

The form of oath of qualification to be written and 
subscribed before whom to be made, and the time -, (see 
District Council Act ,) the oath of allegiance also to be 
subscribed and returned to the District Clerk, before a 
member can take his seat. Councillors before leavinc 
their townships to attend tlie Council, after their elec 
tion, should inquire of the town clerk if he has made 
his proper return to the Clerk of the Peace, or bring the 
necessary papers and documents with them. 

NOTE. The poll book to be filed in the office of the 
Clerk of the Peace ; the other documents in the 
District Clerk s Office. 



Names of Freeholders and 
Householders on the last 
Assessment Roll of the 
Township of 



John Bull 

Patrick O Neil,. 
Dugald Scott, . . 
David Lloyd,. . 



Names of the Candidates. 



A. B. 



C. D. 



E.F. 



G. H. 



The presiding officer is a conservator of the peace 
during the continuance of the Poll, with power to swear 
ii special constables ; and he may, by notice in writing, 
require the attendance of any Justice of the Peace resi 
ding in the township. 4 and 5 Vic. 10, r !*. 

If the person elected as Councillor is not qualified, or 
refuses to serve, cither of the Justices, who signed the 
warrant for the meeting at which lie was elected, may 
.ssue another warrant, authorising the town>liip clerk 
:o proceed to a new election, on a day named in the 
warrant, of which election the township clerk must 
give at least live days public notice. $ 1 7. 

NOTE. No time should be lost in ascertaining 
whether the Councillor is qualified, or refuses 10 



4. TOWNSHIP OFFICERS. 

No person is liable to serve a township office out of 
the township in which he resides. No Magistrate i* 
liable to serve. No person is liable to serve oftenerj 
than once in three years. 1 Vic. 21, 5. 

When no Township Meeting is held, or for any other 
reason no new officers are elected, the officers of the, 
previous year are oblised to continue to serve. 1 Vic. : 
21, 5. 

Township officers must subscribe the following decla 
ration within twenty days of their appointment, in 
lefault of which, or for subsequent neglect of duty, they 



are liable to a fine of five pounds. 
I, A. I!., do sincerely promise 



and declare, that I 



will faithfully and diligently perform the duties of 

for the township of for the current year." 

Any two Magistrates may appoint officers in lieu of 
:hose who have not subscribed the declaration, or in 
lieu of the Township Clerk and Assessor, if they have 
failed to make the return to the Clerk of the Peace 
required by law ; and otticcrs so appointed are invested; 
with the same powers, and subject to the same penalties 
is those chosen at the township meeting. 8, 9, 15. 

5. TOWNSHIP CLERK. 

The Township Clerk, upon receiving a warrant from 
two Magistrates, shall issue a notice, to be affixed atj 
three public places in the township, giving at least si xi 
lays previous notice of the township meeting, and if lie 
:ias received no warrant ten days before the meeting,! 
:ie should apply to the two nearest Magistrates to issue 
one. 1 Vic. 21, 3. 

The Township Clerk s notice should be in the fol- 
owingform [ 3] : 

"Whereas, by virtue of a warrant from A. B., and 
1. D., Esquires, two of her Majesty s Justices of the 
Peace, I atn required to assemble the inhabitants of 

he township of on Monday, the day of January 

lext, for the purpose of choosing and nominating town- 
ship officers for the ensuing year : Notice is hereby 



that the annual township meeting of the town 
ship of will be holrien at on Monday, the 

lay of January next, at the hour of o clock accord-! 

ngly. And be it known, that the meeting, to be held 
n pursuance hereof, is called in conformity with the 
irovisions of the Act of Parliament of the seventh year! 
of her Majesty s reign, chapter seven, intituled " Am 
Act to provide for the calling and orderly holding- of\ 
Public Meetings in this Province, and for the betlerl 
^reservation of the public peace thereat ." and that the 
aid meeting, and all persons attending the same, will 
herefore re within the protection of the said Act, of all 
vhich premises all manner of persons are hereby in 
icr Majesty s name most strictly charged and com- 
nanded at their peri! to take especial notice, and to 
govern themselves accordingly. 7 Vic. 7, c t. 

" E. B., Township Clerk, 

" Dated this day of ." 

If the Township Cle rk shall receive a warrant from 

Magistrate, or the Warden, directing him to call an 
xtraordinary Meeting of the Township, for the purpose 
f elecfi;!!. a Councillor, he must issue a similar public 
lotice. 4 & 5 Vic. 10, IP, 1!. 

The Township Clerk presides at meetings of thcj 
ownship, until a chairman is chosen. 1 Vic. 21, 2.t 

He must keep a record of all the proceedings at thci 
ownship meetings, which record, together with all 
)ther papers, monies, and property belonging to the 
ownship, are to lie by him handed over to his suc- 
essor. 7. 

He must allow free access to examine the records, to 



act, or the township may remain unrepresented atany inhabitant of the township, upon the payment of a 



the first half-yearly meeting, which takes place on 

the third Tuesday in January. 

If a vacancy occurs from death, or other cause, the 
Warden issues his warrant, and the township clerk 
must give the like public notice of the meeting. IS. 



fee of one shilling and threepence. : V 7. 

He must affix publicly at the place of meeting, imme 
diately alter the township meeting has adjourned, a list 
of the officers elected. He must keep a book, wherein 
to enter their declarations of office; and if, at the end 



SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC 



55! 



of twenty days, the officers so elected shall not have 
subscribed, he must transmit to a Justice of the 1 eace, 
and a Counsellor of the township, a list of such officers 
as have not subscribed. 9. 

i He must make out two copies from his record of fie 
prbceedinfi of the township m-eting, at which he was 
Mined Clerk for the Township, within twenty day* 
lafter his appointment, one of which is to be posted up 
(conspicuously at the place of meeting, and the other he 
must transmit to the Clerk of the Peace. b. 

The copy to the Clerk of the Peace should be trans 
mitted immediately after the township meeting, for the 
information of the Council, which meets the third i ues 
day in January. 

He must execute a bond to the Treasurer of the J 
trict in the following form : 



! he. 
Dis 



7. GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS OF ASSESSORS. 
The list of lands not included in the roll should be 
made in the following form : 



of lands upon his roll, before the April Quarter Ses 
sions. 14. 
Remuneration fixed by District Councils. 



Lots or part of lots. 



Concessions. 



Number of Acres.; 



They are in all cases to obtain directly from the own 
ers or occupants of farms, lists of their rateable property, 
and not from other sources. 



When lands or houses are in the occupation of tenants, 1 
such tenants are to be assessed, unless the owners reside 
give such lands or houses with 



District," and C. D., of , and E. P., of 

and firmly bound to G. H., Treasurer of the 



. _ in the sum of pounds, to be well and truly 

paid to the said G. H., Treasurer, or to his successors 
in office, for which payment well and truly to be made 
wo bind ourselves, jointly and severally, our heirs, ex- 
.ecutors, and administrators, firmly by these presents. 

Sealed with our seals, and dated this day of 

iin the year . 

The condition of the above bond is such that, it the 
above bounden A. B. shall well and truly pay over, ac 
cording to law, for the use of the township, all monies 
coming into his hands by virtue of his office, and ap 
plicable to the general usesofthe township, and deliver 
Ithe remainder [if any there be], together with all books, 
records, and papers belonging to the township, into the 
hands of his successors in office, as the law directs, then 
this obligation is null and void, or otherwise to remain 



in full force. 

(Signed) 



A. R , 
C. D. 
E. F. 



TuwnsUp Clerk, 



L. S.] 

S. 



The Township Clerk must keep an account of all 
imonies coming into his hands, belonging* to the town 

ship, and present the same to the District Auditors, to 
ibe by them examined and approved of; and he must 
jsubmit to the township meeting a copy of such account . 
jalso, rea.ler to Treasurer with vouchers, account of pro- 



,cee is of sand, earth, stine, &c. 
c. 10, 3o. 



11. 4 and 5 Vic. 



Township Clerks are entitled totheMinutes and Bye- 
; I,awsof the Council, which should be taken care of, and 
handed over to their successors as part of the condition 
[Of their Bond. 

He m tast make out a list of all the persons in his town 
ship, liable to perform Statute labour, showingthe num- 
iber of days every person is liable to work, from which 
Ilist the oVerseers have authority to make extracts. 1 
Vic. 21, 21. 

Hi; limit furnish to a magistrate in the vicinity, on or 
ire the first of December, a listof Overseers of High 
ways, who have not passed their accounts. 1 Vic 21, 

(For the duties of the Township Clerk at the election 
iof a Councillor, see that head. ) 

6. ASSESSOR. 

The Assessor must apply to the Clerk of the Peace 
for blank forms, in which "to enter his Assessment. 1 
Vi<-. 21, ;- 1.1. 

He must make out his Roll between the first Monday 
i n January and the April Quarter .-unions. 14. 



Lands are to be inserted in consecutive order, begin 
ning with No. 1, and so on. 

Each lot or part of lot to be entered on a separate line, 
though belonging to one person, taking care to mention 
in townships where there are lots of the same number, 
as well as concessions, to mention east or west, &c. 

The following instructions will be a guide in doubtful 
points : 

A house with two rows of windows in the front is a 
two-storied house. 

A house must be taken to r>e built of such mateials as 
the principal part of such house is built of. 

\ log-house clap-boarded or plastered is, neverthe 
less, only a log-house. 

All lire-places above two are additional fire-plows. 
and must be counted, whether in use or not. 59 Geo. 
III. 7, -2. 

A stove in any room without a fire-place is counted 
au additional tire-place, 2. 

A store and dwelling-house in one building are to-be 
both rated separately. 

A bouse occupied as a dwelling-house must be rated. 
whether it be finished or not. 



He must make personal application to each rateable house or land, provided it is demanded fcurt 1 M 



inhabitant in the township, and demand from him a true 
of all his land, tenements, and rateable per.-uual 
property, which, together with his own property, lie 
.must enter correctly on his assessment Roll. J 1. 
i If he has reason to believe that any person is giviria 
him a false or incorrect return of his property, be must, 
nevertheless, take the return as given iu him -. but ii< is, 
in that case, bound to report such person to a Magistrate 
at least fourteen days before he returns his roll to the 
Clerk of the Peae. ; 11. 

He must affix, at some conspicuous place in the town 
ship, a correct copy of his Roll. 

lie must make out a list of all lands in the township, 
which are not included in the Assessment Roll. 41. 

He must return to the Clerk of the Peace his As ~-- 



8. COLLECTOR. 

The Collector must lodge his bond with the Treasurer 
before the July Quarter Sessions. 1 Vic. 21, 15. 

Having lodged his bond, he must apply to the Clerk of 
the Peace for the nt.roll. 17. 

The Distriet Council may authorize the Collector to 
collect the arrears of the previous year. 1 Vic 21, 40. 
4 & 3 Vic. 10. 

Collectors whose rates shall be in arrears, and not paid 
over by the time of meeting of the Quarter Sessions in 
January, are liable to have their goods, as well fis tho-:< 
of their sureties seized, and sold for the amount of scoh 
arrears. 1 Vic, 21, 38. 

If any person rated in the assessment roll shall refuse 
or neglect to pay his rate for fourteen days after demand 
I dy made, the Collector may obtain a distress warra-n 
from a magistrate, at any time after the first Monday in 
November. 1 Vic. 21. "46 and 19. 

The Collector is authorized to execute the wr: r: 
and sell the goods arid chattels, giving eight days i 
of the sale in three public places in the township. 
ie may retain out of the money arising from the s: 
resides the amount of the rate, the sum of three shill; 
ind imiepenre, ns his fee for making the distress, adver 
tising and selling. 46 and 51. 

If the occupant of any house, farm or tenement r; 
have left the township, the Collector may recover fri 
the owner such part of tlie re; to as is assessed upon 



ment Roll, signed, and verified upon oath, and the iist.Geo. III. 7, 2. 



before the second Monday in December. And he i 
. T from we tenant vlie whole rate, although 
tenant have left the township. 1!>. 

If the Collector has not = t!ie rate from 

person assessed at least fourteen days before the see: 
Monday in December, he is liable himself for the amoi 
and cannot claim ;;!>ati--;i:t-nt by reason of his inn; 
:o collect the rate; but he mny, nevertheless, recover the; 
amount from the person so rated. <5 19. 

]f any person shall brim: a stone horse, cover 
mares for hire, into a township, after the assessment tc r 
the year lias been made, the Collector may, never 1 
b-ss, demand the rate for such horse, as if it had !> 
duly returned on the assessment roll, unless the owner 
jsatisfy him that the rate has been paid elsewhere. > < 



56 



SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 



The Collector must receive a certificate for the killing He shall, it required, give a certificate to each personj 
of a wolf, at the rate of thirty shillings, in the payment who has performed statute labour. 1 Vic. 21, 20. 
of rales. C Win. J V. 29. He may direct persons performing statute labour to 

District Council:? may fix the per centage to be re- destroy weeds hurtful to good husbandry. 20 

itained by Collectors. He shall by the labour under his direction, cause rails! 

When an election for Councillor is to take place at or fences to be erected at damrcrous parts of the roads, 

any approaching township meeting, the Collector is re- and erect finger posts where hejudues it necessary. 21.| 

i|;;ired to furnish the Township Clerk, at least six days lie may, whilst laying out statute labour or money in! 

l.i ore sue.;! meeting with a certified list of all the inha- the repairs of the roan s, make use of any growing timber 

it householders and freeholders entered on the last or stone upon the unenclosed and unimproved land, 

assessment roll, with a view to determine who have a doing no unnecessary damage. 24. 

riu ht to vote. 4 Jt 5 Vic. 10, 6. He may direct any person under him to bring such 

~(i*ce also Oath to Voters.; i tools and" implements, yoke of oxen, or team, cart, or 

waL":on, as such person may be possessed of. 6 2,5. 

9. POUND-KEEPERS. IT any labourer or driver shall refuse or neyltct to work 

\ Pound-keeper must provide himself with proper en- faithfully, or to carry sufficient loads, the Overseer may 
closures. BenSust impound any cattle unlawfully run- discharge such person, and the person so mscarged is 
ning at large, or trespassing, which may be brought to l^ble to the same penalty as n he had not attended, 
ihim and he must furnish them with necessary food and y^ ^ ^ ^ ^^ ^ ^ & complaintto a 
U If within twentyrfour hours the person impounding MBglitrate. if any person duly warned has failed to per- 



If wii iin forty-ci-ht hours after the animal is im-^uperintends the labour of oilier, uiil count as a da 
In and costs be not paid, the Pound- j work, and he may also be allowed one uay s work 



as a day s 

i, .j , , ". .1 .-, K rt ,,* ..;,] l! T>,^.in,(- UOflv. aim uu uiav a^ J iv^ aiiu\vcu vut uu.y a WOrk 10r 

keeper shall immedi 
farmers, resident in the 
res and ju.iire oi tiie I 

** lan " CrS CntSri^ffi e$& ^division, and of what part of such labour has been per- 
fiveshilUnes 33 I formed, together with an account of all monies which 

Tf v, -nni iBinnii( fhpownpr shall tender have come into his hands by virtue of his office. A blank 

If, before trie a ad de the owner fall tender ^ ^ m ^ ^^ ^^ ^ be ^.^ 



to the Township Clerk on or 
list veriii ;d upon oath of 
form statute labour in liis 



fore damag an amoin el to what is uerw rd 




K ,u-h notice - rtescrint i cf be animal :! <- lias no money or labour unexpended, he shall nevcr- 
? ; , Vn , V* | ,, ,f ot , | ."re i e s a Itheless call out persons residing in his division, appor- 
: h, I -n?" 1% ; i r -^d fi "r d( ic i , ! i 1 o co*ts Itionina such labour as equally as may be amongst the 
tS, he Sbffi retf ^ overp^: S S f d^driolinhaidtants, and he shall immediately give in an. account 
Ithe owner. Hut if no owner appears 



within tlireoiof. the labour so performed to the Township Clerk. 30. 



. 

mouths, he s .iri .l pay the overplus to the Township 
Clerk, to be expended upon the roads of the township. 



If the animal is not claimed at or before the time of trates of the District, any person of unsound mind going 
the sale and the owner is unknown, the Pound-keeperUboutthe Township to the danger ot the inhabitants. 
hall postpone the sale for forty days, at the expiration I Vic. 21, 13. 



11. TOWNSHIP WARDENS. 
The Township Wardens shall report to the Magis- 



P"..ij)0iie - - . . 

n time, if not before redeemed, he shall proceed 
to sell, and dispose of the proceeds as before provided. 

The owner of any animals which may not lawfully 
run at \::r :\ shall be liaMe for any damage done by 

; ie fences be lawful or not. $ O.i. 
if a. i animal is impounded for riiiiniii , at larire. con 
trary to ihe township riv. ulations, the line imposed is tc 
be n aid to the Pound-keeper: and as to the method ol de- 
ciding in disputed cn?es, and of levyina the fine and 
costs by th:; sale of the animal, the Pound-keeper must 
k>"iiii.Vd by t;. (l : are laid down in 

the case of a claim for but the, amount of the 

lid by tiie Pound-keeper to the Township 

d upon the roads. 

er is entitled to a charge to be fixed by 
ithe District Councils. 



They may exempt any person, not assessed at more 
than -20, from statute labour, on account of age, sick 
ness, or other misfortune. 29. 

12. FENCE VIEWERS. 

If two parties, orcnpyins adjoining tracts of land, 
h-ive any dis-iutc, as to ivhat part of the dividing fence, 
or of any drain, or water-course, each party shall make 
and keep in repair, they may call in three Fence-view 
ers to make an award. 8 Vic. c. ). (For the manner 
of proceeding in which case, see the Act.; 

13. HIGHWAYS AND BRIDGES. 

No Overseer or other person mny remove any fence 
~in^ any part of a concession line or allowance for 



JO. OVERSEER* OP HIHIIWAYS. 

i of JTK Inv.ivs sb-11, with the statute 

-!,jri! may : I ".uder his contrpul 

in repair the roads in tin- division 



en innointcd by the Councillors 
: i special sessions. I V"ic. Jl ^ 2 1 . 

ut from (hi- Township Clerk s list an 
aecoun of days labour whidi each person 





authorised to do so by an order of the Dis- 



in br 
io eac 



Ie to perform, nnd !i- rnurtnotify any tree bavins fallen, 
lly, , r either vh[iy or in writing; a. in his pccupaUon,_h li 



trict Council. At least eight days notice must. In 
to the party in occupation : ami in case of dispute 
to the boundary line of said allowance, if not amicably 
arranged, can "be decided only by an action at law. to 
be brought in the Court of Queen s Bench, &c. !>Vic. ti. 
person wilfully stopping tip a ro id, or dcstrpyinc 
any rail in", suianl, or finger post, is liable to a fine 01 
5. VtC. 21, 28. 

\uy person neglecting, after twenty-four hours no 
tice, to remove the obstruction in a road arising from 
tree Imvin" fallen, or been cut down from the land 
" ihle to a tine of ten shilling for 



to eich ner-omllv or either VPrliai y or in writing, aiiin ins uccupuuuu, i " ""* . , i AQ 

, of residence, the dav, hour and plnce.every day the obsl ruction remains. Vie. !,. 
he Stnt him W work, giving at least three Any person riding or <lr.vi.,e across any bridge above 
^*2l" thirty f.-rt in lenclli, faster than a walk, is liable to a 

in similarly call out. am- person above twenty- fine of XI. P Vic. 41. 

J. , .Min i,, th- division, nltbou <h such Anv person maliciously destroying any bridge, orren- 



i si ;i:i:r in tlr (iiusion, nlthou jh 

::ient roll, or the Township 
Clerk s list. 3 Vic. 10. 



line of XI. 8 Vic. 41. 

Any person maliciously destroying any bridge, or ren- 
II impassable or dangerous, is guilty of felony 
I and . ) Vic. Ai, 13. 



SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 57 

iT^iTATDTEllABOURr I Any person a*se<M under >.">. who, by reason 

h.nofaee sickness, or other misfortune, may be in idi- 

I Every person included in tlie Assessors roll ^iM^^urasunces, may be relieved from siatute labor 
work on the highways in proportion to such assessment,.^" {1$^ \VnAcna. 1 Vic. 21. 5 i . 
[59 Geo. III. S, -2. ] after the following rate, viz :- "j f d y, W aWtelabor comitU of eight hours faithful 
If hia property is rated at more than. WO rk, exclusive of the time con.ii.R and going. 23. 

ii,, he snail wor aays ^^ ^^ Q( . a ^ ( . ( . OM ,.,_ tj[ [eanl) W)th a cjnver, 

not morl than X. 3 days, connu ^^SfJSTJ ^tice, to perfbrn, 

2. .I i: i SniLww K?, of to send a sufficient substitute, or to 

IS 1 .. .. r, , furnish such carriage, ream, or implements as be may 

130, 7davsjbei .ily called upon lor them, shal 

.;-;,- ,. ,. i Vv" forfeit live shillings torcach day he ? hall so neglect and 

,. 5 V lic shall, nevertheless, be still subject to periorm the la- 

300 " 3JI) , " " 10 d.ys!|bour at any time in the current year. 
3.50 " 40(1, 



No^.- ie & 

* 50 -VTIInr fhp TownstiiD Officers Act, in regard to 

Every 100 above ^00 till it amounts to 100 , day. ( XLU ^ ^^ 



..f. -ui(i 1 ri-iv na i . , . 

I dlv ! Power landlords to compound, ,o whom the money 



Every ^son possessed of a iva^on or cart, or a yoke f^^S tid th?* 

w thc tjiiino. 




,, f-Vilii" to ix-rfonn their aareemeut for com-! 

, f ^"f a?e ?able to Vhe same penalty as those who! 
. P ^ - ^ f tatutc i aboiir . i Vic. -21, 5 43. 

lieir and Devisee Commission. 

ms ii 1 

IS 

IB 
II 

Lee, Executive Council Office, Montreal. 

, 

Liiiuits o? tlie Districts aatl Counties in I,o^vt^ f anat!a> 
Lower Canada i" divi led into five Distrirt? or Districts of Quebec, Montreal, Three Rivers, and St. 




>,-..it;c-< D ii^lMicf .lir .icntories. In oacii 

of the Suoerior Districi The Courts of c nch, sitting in infer or term 

, ,, ., .-., : .. thc sev ,. ra | UM-io;- :, Montreal, J lirc 

jni/.ance of, and try 
, civil cases, in 
I jC-iO cur- 
every year, in the 
. iiidicnt irr, 

d Montreal re 

. or one of flip] 
of ihe Circuit 
bv ihu resi 

," I ( i. ;11 ,iL Jl> I . <- H.JilllIHl.T *- - - --- . _ 

The Courts of l!,i )!mi;>t<\v are pre ! and in the District of St. Francis by tl 

, trictso c by the Circuit :i ;ircuit, within i s limits, havi 

in the other Districtu b\ t neurrent jurisdiction withthe* ourtofQueen 

-r. There are three for the same District, in inferior term. The Provincial 

C j rcu j t j u , e uistrict of ciuo cc, andfburfor JudeefortheDrstrtctofSl. FranclsisoneofiheJui 

the Distr -"l \t T irer- us of the Qiicen s Bench for that District, havmir within 

itrictofthatname,andatSl .me, powers nml authority oqu:-.l with the i 

,kca rroviiicipHu i"<- ort!ie District of Ht. Francis . i e ich Juds^g; nnd he also lias the i 

leatPerce fn the District of Gaspe, there is * resi- and authority with regard t.-i the < onrt oil 

, DNtri-t lud"e, and another at New Uarlhrte, in the ttueen s He:! -h iV;r thc District of Three Kiversr 
ire. ofthc same DiFtrirt; hut the ny Jliflge of the Court of Gueen|s Be 

ihstandin^, constitutes only one Stteriff- for the District! : <><r Montreal. (J idc J 

[(Jom raliire Art, till . \d.) 

Term< or Sessions of the Court of Queen s Rendi, in i here "ire Act for the District ol 

TiorTerm, for the cocni/ance of all crimes nnd Oaspe (1 Vir. C ip. IT.) Tlie Courts are held by thej 
ninal offences, and of all suits or actions of a civil District .Indies in their respective counties, and are 
nature, ars held at stated periods yearly, in each of the similar to those in the other Districts. 



58 



SCOBIE & BAL FOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 



There arc also tribunals established in Lower Canada Montreal lays the District of St. Francis, which con- 
tor the summary trial of small causes, affording aneasy,sistsof the two Counties of Stanstead and Sherbrooke. 
and expeditious mode of recovering petty ..ebts. These The District Town is also called Sherbrooke. 
are called Commissioners Courts, formed under the 
authority of the Act 7 Vic. cap. Ill, and are held in the 



parishes or townships, upon petition of the in 
habitants to the Governor to appoint Commissioners. 
The Circuit Judges in Quebec and Montreal are, ex 
ojj ido. Commissioners of these Courts in their respec 
tive Districts. The jurisdiction oi the Courts is limited 
to 6 os. currency. For the cities and parishes of 
Quebec and Montreal, the Courts are held weekly, every 
Monday, not being a holiday, and if so, then on the fol 
lowing day ; and for all other places they are held 
nonthly, on the first Monday of every month, not being 
a holiday, and if so, then on the following day, the 
Commissioners having power to adjourn to any other 
days they may deem necessary, for hearing witnesses 
and determining suits. The Act makes provision, in 
detail, for the mode of procedure, &c., in the Commis 
sioners Courts. 

The civil laws of Lower Canada are of Frencl 
iai:i, and based upon the old feudal system. The) 
iare those which prevailed at the lime of the con- 
tauest of the country by England, the laws, language 
and customs of the people having then been guarantee; 
under the Treaty of Capitulation of Quebec. The 
[criminal law of iMinland, however, is in force in Lower 
Canada, as well as in Upper Canada, with such altera 
tions as may have been introduced into it by subsequent 
Acts of the Provincial Legislatures. These have gene 
rally been, the adoption of those modifications of the 
criminal law, which have been from time to time made 
by imperial legislation in England, since the introduc 
tion of the English criminal code into the Province. 
Tlic tenure of property is also feudal, with the exception 
of that of lands in the Townships. These lands have been 
out for settlement, of late years, in tbe Districtof St. 
Francis, and partially in other Districts, where new 
townships have been surveyed, and are held in free and 
Common soecage. In order to remove, in some mea 
sure, the inconveniences and difficulties attending the 
feudal system in the seigniories, and to render more 
secure an 1 .- .tisfactory the Titles to property, a system 
of Registration has been recently established, which, in 
processof time, must produce beneficial effects, tbe more 
its advantages are understood and availed of. A system 
of local municipal government has also I, ecu introduced 
which c,im;. >t fail to prove advantageous, when tbe 
people learn by experience the value of the privileges 
uferred on them, and the superiority of the sys 
tem over thnr which formerly prevailed. The munici 
pal law has already been acted upon, to a considerable 
extent, and. each year, we shall no doubt witness its 
more extensive spread in every county. The Act re- 
jrulating the municipal authorities in Lower Canada is 
he 1i) and II Vic. cap. 7. 
The Districts of Lower Canada are divided into 



bounties; In Montreal there are 1.0 Counties ; in Que 
bec II ; in Three Rivers 5 . in St. Francis 2, and in 
Gaspe 2. in all 36 counties, each of which returns a 
representative to the Provincial Parliament. There 
ire, besides, the cities of Montreal and Quebec, return- 
ng two members each to Parliament, and the towns of 
Three Rivers and Shcrbrooke, returning one member 
;ach ; making the whole number of Parliamentary re 
presentatives for Lower Canada -I , ., the same as for 
Upper Canada. 

The District of Montreal is very extensive. Montreal 
is the capital, where the Courts, fee,., are held. The 
District lays pirlly along the Hanks of the Ottawa 
River, and the River St. Lawrence, the latter running 
through its centre. On the Ottawa and the north side 
of the St. Lawrence are situated the Counties of Ottawa, 
Two Mountains, Montreal, Tcrrebonne, Lrinster and 
Bcrthicr : and on the south side of the St. Lawrence the 
counties of Yaudreii l, ISeaulnrnois, Huntingdon, Rou- 
ville, Missisquoi, Chambly, Vercherres, Richelieu, St. 
liyacintbe nnd Bhefford. These 10 Counties form the 
District of Montreal. 

Next in ceographtrnl order is the District of Three 
Rivers, which is also divided by the Hirer St.. Law 
rence. The District town is also named Three Rivers. 
On the north side of the river are situated the Counties 
of St. Maurice and Champlain ; and on the south side 
those of Yamaska, Nicolet, and Druinmond. These 
Jive counties form the inferior District of Three Rivers. 
To the eastward of the Districts of Three Rivers and 



Tbe Districtof Quebec is very extensive, having the 
city of Quebec for its capital. The River St. Lawrence 
divides the District. On the north side of the river are 
situated the Counties of Port Neuf, Quebec, Montmo- 
rency, and Sa;:ucnay ; and on the south side Lotbiniere, 
Megantic, Dorchester, Bellechasse, L Islet, Kamour- 
asca, and P.imouski ; making the 11 Counties of which 
the District of Quebec is formed. 

The inferior Districtof Gaspe, partially bordering on 
the Gulf of St. Lawrence, is composed of the two 
Counties of Gaspe and Bonaventure. 

The members composing the Rural Municipal Coun 
cils of Lower Canada, under the Act 10 and 11 Vic. 
cap. 7, are chosen by the people in their respective 
parishes or townships ; and in case of any parish or 
township refusing or neglecting to elect Councillors, the 
Governor in Council shall appoint them. The presiding 
officer of each Council is styled the Mayor of the Muni- 
cipality, and is chosen by the Councillors from among 
themselves. Each Council also appoints its Secretary, 
Treasurer, and a Deputy Grand Voycr for the superin 
tendence of Roads and Bridges iu the Municipality, and 
three Assessors for the valuation of property liable to 
assessment ; also Collectors, Surveyors, &c. &c. The 
Councils are authorized to raise monies by assessment, 
to a limited extent, for the purposes of the several Muni 
cipalities. The powers and objects of tbe Councils are 
set forth with much fulness and precision in the Act, 
ivhicb provides also for the division of certain Counties, 
nto distinct Municipalities, the local limits of each 
iivision to be defined by the Governor in Council, and 
lumbered one, two or three, as the case may be, in pro 
portion to population. The Council of each Munici 
pality shall hold its meetings at the, parishes, villages, or 
Maces following, viz : 

BONAVENTTRE County Division first at New Car- 
isle ; Division second at New Richmond. 

BEAUHARNOIS County Division first atBeauharnois 
Division second at Huntingdon. 

BELLECHASSE County at St. Michel. 

BERTIIIEH County at Berthier. 

CHAMBLY County at Chambly. 

CHAMPLAIN County at. Ste. Genevieve de Batiscan. 

DORCHESTER County Division first at Ste. Marie 
Division second at St. Henry. 

l)RUMMi>\D Count!/ at Drummondville. 

C .si E County Division first at Perec; Division 
econd at Gaspe Basin ; Division third at Ambers 
larbour. 

HUNTINGDON County at Laprairie. 

KAMOUK.VSKA County at Knmouraska. 

L ISLET County at L lslct. 

LOTBINIERE County at St. Croix. 

LEINSTER County at L Assomption. 

MONTMORENCI Counti/ Division first at Chateau 



licher ; Division second at St. Jean de L Isle. 

MEOAYHC County at Leeds. 

MISSISSQUOI County at Dunham Flats. 

MONTREAL County at St. Laurent. 

NICOLET County at Becancour. 

OTTAWA County Division first at Aylmer ; Division 
econd at Lochaber ; Division third at Litchlield. 

PORT NEUF County at Cap Same. 

QUEBEC County at Charlesbourg. 

RIMOUSKI County Division first at Rimouski ; Divi 
sion second at Riviere du Loup. 

RICHELIEU County at St. Denis. 

ROUVILLE County at St. Athanase. 

S.U;UKN\Y County Division tirstatLes Eboulemens; 
Division Second at Grand Bale. 

SHERBROOKE County at Sherbrookc. 

SrANsyn .ID Counly at Stanstead. 

SHEFKORD Count H at Sheflbrd. 

ST. HYACINTHE County at St. Hyacinthe. 

ST. MAURICE County at Yamachiche. 

Two MOUNTAINS County at St. Benoit. 

TERREBONNE County at St. Therese. 

VAUDREUIL County at Vaudreuil. 

VERCHKRRKS County at Vercherres. 

YAMASKA County at St. Francois. 
Making in all thirty-six Counties ; and those of them 
which ate required by the Act to be divided into two or 
three distinct Municipalities, are indicated with suffi 
cient clearness in the foregoing table. Each Council 
must hold four quarterly meetings each year, on the 



SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 



59: 



second Monday in June, September, December, and 

March, and they are at liberty to meet oftener, it 



The Act makes separate provision lor the incorpora- 



they appear to have been carefully framed, as well as 
those relating to the Rural Municipalities, for the pur 
pose of providing good and sufficient local self govern 



ment within the respective bounds of each, for protect- 




Muiiicipalities are set forth at length in ihe Act, and afford. 



POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT. 



General Post Office, London. 

Post-Master General The Eiaht Honorable Ulick 
John, Karlof Clanricanie. Secretary I" Hie Post Office 
Lt. Col. Wm. Leader Maberly. Secretary to the 
Puit- Cluster General Rowland Hill, Esq. Private 
Secretary to Poft- Master General Gustavus C. Corn 
wall, Esq. Chief Clerk Charles Johnson, Esq. Ac 
countant General Charles Compion, Esq. Receiver 
General Thomas Youn , , Esq. Inspector General 
J.-i!iu Eamsr.y, Esq. President, Money Order Office 
Win. liarth, Esq. GENERAL POST OFFICE St. Martin s 
le Grand, London. 
General Post Office Dcpa.rt-.ucnt o? 



Thomas Allen Stayner, Deputy Post-Matter General, 
Montreal -. Gilbert K. Grillhi, Chief Clerk to Depu 
ty Post-Master General ; T. Sutherland Stayner, 
lit do. ; Edwin Kimr, 2/trf do.; C. Griffin, 3rd da. ; 
Edwin A. Kins, Accountant to General Post Off.ce; 
Horatio A. Wlcksteed, 1st Clerk to Acr mutant ; John 
AKhworih, :lnd da. ; Robert Julyan, 3rd do.; Edward 
C. Hay den. -It/i do. ; John Davidson, 5th do, ; J. T. Mc- 
Cuaig, 6tA do. ; Smith Allen and Jeremiah Mullen, Mes- 
\Villiam Henry (.; r, Quebec 



In the British North American Colonies, letters are 
raced by weight, according to the followh:.: s-Mle : 
Tor a loiter not exceeuing 5 oz ...... 1 Rate. 

Do. do. 1 oz ...... 2 Rates. 

l)o. do. 2 oz ...... 4 Rates. 

l)o. do. 3oz ...... Rates. 

Do. do. 4 oz 



if Canada East) ; W. Harrington, Clerk.; Edward S. 
Freer, Surveyor, Toronto, (Canada West) ; P. P. War-, 
burton, Clerk; John Dewe, Surreyor, Kingston, (Cen- 
jtral Canada) ; F. W. Stayner, Clerk. 

OFFICERS IN CHARGE OF THE BRITISH MAILS. 

Between New Brunswick and Montreal, Major 
James Laing and F. II. Vane. Mail Conduc 
tors between Montreal and Quebec, Jeremiah Mad- 
jden and C. W. Harden -, da. between Montreal and 

K illusion, If. B. Turquand, W. Putman, Couillard ; 

</.. between Kincston and Toronto, W. Brown, A. Tod, 
and A. McDonald. 

New Brunswick. 

John Howe, Esq., St. John, Deputy Post Master 
General; W. W. Barnani, Esq., Surveyor; James 
!) ;;,!ey, 1st Clerk; W. D. French, 2nd do.; V. B. 
Hutchison, 3rd do. 

Nova Scotia. 

ArtkHrWoodeate, Esq., Halifax, Deputy Post-Masler 
General. H. M . Watson, Esq., Surveyor of Post Of 
fices. C. II. Hamilton, A. V. Creigbton, John Adams,! 
and Frederick Passow, Clerks. 

Newspapers exceeding two oz. charged Id. currency 
PC: o/.., except Coloiii.il Newspapers addressed to the 
United Kingdom, and British Newspapers addressed to 
the Provinces, which are not limited a.- to weight. 

1 /very Supplement, or additional sheet to any Ncws-i 
paper, rated separately. 

Printed Votes and proceedings of Colonial Legisla-; 



And so on, adding two Rates for every additional oz.ltures, forwarded by mail within the Provinces, or to! 
After the first oz.," fractional parts not noticed : thus,;tlie United Kingdom, or to the British West Indies, for! 



if a letter exceeds one oz, it is four Rates, aiul 2 oz. six 
Rates. 

Rates are computed according to Tables of Distances 
and Rates, in the possession of Post Masters, as fol 
lows : 

For a letter not exceeding 3 oz. in weight, 
(without regard to the number of pieces of 
which it is composed,) conveyed 00 miles 
and under 4Jd. c y 



tin- following rates : 



Id. currency. 

2d. 

3d. 

4d. 



If not exceeding 4 oz. in weight. 
Do. .. " 

Do. 1-2 oz. " 

Do. 10 oz. " 

And so on, adding Id., currency, for every additional! 
four ounces. When sent by private *hip, double rates. 
The extreme weigh tallowed to l-e mailed, is six pounds. 
Pamphlets and Publications, printed in the United 
Kingdom, or in British North America, or in the British 
West Indies, sent by mail, within British North America, 
jor to the United States, or to the British West Indies,; 



Do. over 00 miles to 100, inclusive ?d. 

Do. " 100 " to -200, " 9d. 

Do. " 200 " to 300, " Hid. 

Do. " 300 " to 400, " Is. lid. 

Do. " 4W " to 500, " Is. 4d. lat Id. currency per oz., in addition to aim .Sea postage, 1 . 

And so on. Letters re-directed are rated afresh for the provided they do not exceed ](J oz. Pamphlets niM. 

to any part of the United Kingdom, subject to letter 



in the United 



further distance. 

Between the Province and the United Kingdom, a ;. 

uniiurm charge of Is. 2d. sterling, or Js. 4d. currency. Pamphlets and Publications printed 
per half oz. English letters re-directed, -2id. currency .States, brought by post from thence into the Province, 
additional per half oz. r :e.l Id. currency per oz. If re-mailed, subject to. 

Letters may be pre-paid or not, at the option of the! full letter postage. 
sender. No printed Newspaper, Supplement, Votes or pro-. 

Colonial Newspapers not exceeding two oz. in weight, ree. lings of any Colonial Legislature, Pamphlets or 
rate, I at ,~,d. currency. To a British Colony : . Publications, sent by post, at these rates, except without 

ichen not intended to pass through the United Kiuiriiuin, a cover, or in a cover open at the ends. Should any 
or to any Foreign Country (the United States exeepted] . one contain any writins or mark?, beyond the addr, 
to be pre-paid id in addition to any Foreign Sea postage tlie whole packet will be charged with full letter post: 
To the Kast Indies and China, 3d , to be pro-paid. To The Inland postage, on all Letters. Papers. Pamphlets, 
the l. niti-i States. Jd. to be pre-paid. lited States, must be jin-]>i: nt, otherwise 

United States Newspapers, brought by post into the (hey will not be forwarded, but sent to the Dead Letter! 
Province, Id. currency each. K re-posted in the Pro- Office. 
vince, letter post,. Unclaimed I/etters, Papers, &c., after having been 

Colonial Newspapers sent free to the United King- first advertised, and those which may be refused by the, 

parties to whom they are addressed, must be transmitted 



dom, or to any British Colony by way of F.ngland, and 
British Newspapers duly stamped received free from 
the United Kingdom. 



by the Post Master in whose possession they are, to th 
Dead Letter Office at Mp?.ucal. 






GO 



SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 



MAIL ROUTES IIV CANADA, 

i the manner in which the fervice / .< performed, whether by Steamboat?, Passenger Coaches, or on 
Horseback; tl/e hours of arriral and , . nt bnUi cuds of euc. i mute rct;te<-liftly; the distance 

between Ike. intermediate Past Offices, and ike distance of each Fust Qffiie from Toio/ito. 



M A IN PROVINCIAL ROUTE 






Toronto, Niagara, 
Qucenston &, Lew 
is ton, N. Y. 

I 

By steamboat daily, Sun 
days excepted, in Summer. 



.. opening of the navigation at 7 a.m. the following d:iy. 

till the 3 1st whence the mails anil pas- 

fSt. Catharines. ... ? S -J May, inclusive; nt I p.m. senders are forwarded Iiy 

JCiueenston Jo 0,-j ro:u 1st June to ll th . ,-pt., railroad to Montreal, a dis"- 

Niagara 7 10.5 inclusive, an:l at n :ice of nine miles. The 

illt. ; ; Miners usually leave La- 

fTlie route by QueerHto. i of the navigation. They chine about 1 p. i;>., and 



agara direct, is but 12 miles, arid perform the trips, either the departure of the lake 
rry to Lewiston, X. u ay, in aliout 18 hours, or steamer for Toronto, b> 
P., one mile, by horse . They are first class which ti;e mails and pas- 



senders are forwarded west- 



Leaves Toronto . rit li:ilf-p. st o Niagara, is circuitous, leave Kingston daily (Sun- arrive at Kingston at4 p.m. 
7 a.m.; arrives at Lewistrn From St. Catharines to Ni- days excepted) at 3 p. in., the following day. . > 
about 12 in.; leaves Lewis 
ton at 1 p.m., and arrives at 
Toronto about ,5p.m. Three 
jtimes a-week in Winter. 
s Toronto at 9 a.m. 
Jon Monday, We iiiesdaynnd 
Friday ; leaves Le 
al 9a.m. on Tuesday, Thurs 
day and Saturday. 
Toronto in 

Niagara 

(Jueenston and 
Lewiston .... 



across the Niagara River. 



and Lon 
don. 

. i 

By passenger coaches 
laiiy. Leaves Hamilton at 



Toronto to In winter the stages leave 

Port Hope 6.5 Kingston at ti p.m., and ar- 

Cohoiirg 7 7:2 rive in Montreal about i- 

Kingston ICo 177ja.ni., second day : leave 

itreal at noon, and ar- 
VII. ;rive at Kingston aLout 10 



?, p. m., arrives at London Toronto and Bting-jp.in. next day. 



7 43| about 9, a. in. Leaves Lon 
don at half-past 1, p. in.. 
H. arrives at Hamilton about 

3, a. in. 



Toronto aad Elani- 
iiton. 

By steamboat daily, Sun 
days excepted, in Summei. 
Leaves Toronto at 2 p.m.: 
(arrives at Hamilton 
JO p. m.; leaved Hamilton r. 
half-past 7 a. in., ani arrive: 
at Toronto ubo it 12 in. In 
Winter by daily p:i<s >i .w: 
eoaches. Leave Toronto 
and Hamilton at!) a. in., and 
arrive in both places about 
6 p.m. 
Toronto to Miles. 

Cre-lit 1! 



StO:!, IN Tilt MIDLAND 

DISTRICT. 

Passing through the Home. 
JMiJes. Newcastle, Victoria, and 
Midland Districts. 



Toronto to 



Miles. 






(Land Ro:t!r. ) 

By passenger coaches daily.! Prescott 

Leave Toronto, during snm-! Edwardsburgh... . 

mer, atup.m., and arrives 



Toronto to 
Hamilton 4(i 

Ancaster 7 

Brant ford 17 

Buribrd l r > 

Woodstock 17 

.villc > 10 J at Kin:.-:-! jn at 2 a.m. second 

Oxford 5 107 day ; leaves Kingston at U 

London ~2 129 p.m., and arrives at Toron- 

!to at 2 a.m. second day. 

V. I In, winter, the stages leave 

and Ani Toronto daily nt "iO a.m.. 
and arrives at Kin: 
5 p.m. next day, ;ind leaves 
passenger coa^ ion daily, at. ~ a.m., 

Leaves London at and arrives at Toronto at 2 



Oakville 



By 

daily. 



..11 ".: i , a. m., arrives at Am- 



Wellington Square i urgli about I 1 .!, a. m., 

Hamilton 8 4.3 performing the distance in 

:i;.o it 4rf hours. Leaves 

III. : Amher>tlmii h at 4, p in., 



Toronto, Hamilton* 



airara. 



By passengcT CO 
daily. Leaves Toronto ail 
3, p. m., arrives in Hamil 
ton about 1 a. tn. J. 
Hamilton at .3, p. m., ar 
rives in Toronto a 
a. in. Leaves li 
Niag-.ra at S p. m., arrives 
at ducenst.on a!iout7, a.m.. 
iand at .Nia^ ar. 
la. m. Leaves Cineenston 
ibout 4, p. m., arrives in 
Hamilton a .oui 4, a. m. 
Tarm.ii> l.i Jfr i .-i. 

dcokn ....... 

Coo!;svi!le ...... w 

Credit ......... 3 

Trafalgar ........ 4 

Palermo ........ 7 

Nelson ......... .) 

Ilitnilton ....... H 

. Stoney Creek . . . . ti 

"Grimsby ........ 10 



arrives at London about c, 
i- a. m., m-i vin:; the journey 
in about :!J hours. 

<u to Miles. 



London !- 



I 
I 

3 
3S 

i : 



Jordan 



* Mail twice a week from 
iGrimsby to Smithville, ten 
(miles. 



icr .. 

Delaware 

,d 

!Mosa 

;ile . . . 

Whitehall... . 
Kak-igli 

* \Vindsor. . - . 
... 
AmUerstlr 



1.3.; 
6 111 

li 1.V2 

15 170 
!) 18: 
n 194 

2 24 H 
1.5 ^ , .j 



p.m. next day. 

Toronto to 

S -iirboro 11 

Pickering 11 

W!ii;!iy 

.v ; 4 



-Ferry to Detroit, Miciii- 
;an, hy sieanier, across the 
Uetroit River. 

VI. 

Toronto and King 
ston* IN THE MUJ.WN: 
DISTRICT. 

(Steamboat Route.) 

By steamers, which leave 

itoand Kingston daih 

(Sundays excejiie.t; during 

ison of navigation. 
The steamers leave To 
ronto at 12 noon, from the 



Parlin 
Newcastle . .. 

Clarke 

. 

Cohourg . . . . 
]!al.Jini,ind. .. 
C o l-.ornc . . . 
Brighton . . . 
River Trent, 
ille . . . 
Fhr.nnonville. 
>" ipanee. . . 
?,Iorven . . . . 
Mill Creek. . 
Kingston. . . 



: 



on ....... 165 

inoiine .... 20 1R3 

Yonse ........ 23 208 

Brockville ..... n 217 

Maitlatid ....... 5 222 

7 2-2!) 
9 233 
Matilda ....... 244 

W. Williamsburg 
Williamsburg E. . S 2 <(i 
"snabruck ..... 7 267 

Dickenson sLancl- 
1112 ........ 2 28!) 



lUoijlinette 

Corn\v;.ll 



27.> 
G 281 
10 2!.7 
au Landing. . 20 317 
Coteau du Lac... 3320 
ira ........ 32ii 

Lachine ....... 23 354 

Montreal ......... 9 3G3 



IX. 
Montreal & Quebec, 



in winter three 
week in summer. 






32 

Daily 

!(i times a 



51 



Leaves Montreal and (iue- 



!: iV; hec at .3, p. m., and arrives 

7 70 at either place at, 5, a. in. 

rip performed cither way 

7 s.5 in 3J hours. 

(Land Route) 
10 103 Toronto to Miles 



U 11.5 
9 125 

Iti 1 !;: 
.5 145 
8 153 

12 1-io 



VIII. 

Kingston and I7Ion- 
treal. 

Through the Mi 
Johnstcuvn, and E.istern 
)istricts of Upper C:n:u/.i. 
nul tlie District of .Montreal 
in Lower Canada. By 
-eamboats, daily, dnfin^ 
the season of navigation, 
and by passenger coaches 
daily during winter. The 
steamers leave Kingston at7 
i.in., anil arrive at Lachine 



Montreal 36J 

Repeutimiy .... 1.3 378 

Lavah -ie 17 3i!.5 

*Berthier 13 408 

St. Barthelemie .. 10 418 
Masqninongc. ... 7 -I-2.3 
tRivicre (In Loup. fl -i:il 
Yamachichc .... 6 437 
Three Rivers ... 16 453 

Citamplain 1~> 468 

IBatiscan Bridge. 10 478 
Ste. Anne de la 

Perade 5 4?3 

Grondines 9 492 



Mail communication, 
daily, with William Henry. 

tliranch post to St. Leon, 
twice a week. 

t Branch post thrice a- 
weelc to Batiscan, and St. 
Stanislas. 



SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 



61 



Deschambault... 
I oi-t Neuf ...... 

Cap Saute 



Mile*} 

9 4:>-i 
6 ! .)8 

6 5o4 

7 oil 



Miles. 

3ii 44 1 

Three Rivers ... f 453 
Quebec GO 543 



Frederickton.N.B-64 

Halifax, N. s<... .-iUa 120 J 

XII. 



Miles. \ Quebec to Miles. 

74 ti4Si Cnp Tourment 30 



Quebec. . .". . . . 32 O-l .J XI. 

iQueftecvNevirllratts- Quebec and Hali- 
wick, ta.id ;%"ova| i ax, IV. S. 

Scotia. 

By Sea. At one time, a 

Twice a week from Que-lsteamer, the Unicorn, plied 
(Steamboat Route in Sum- 1 ec nnil cart. Arrive - rly between Uuebec 



.Tlontreal and <Jue 
bee. 



mer.) 

Six times a week. Leave? 
Montreal at 6 p.m., and at- 
rives at Quebec at 1 a.m. : 
.eaves Quebec at 5 p.m., an;!, 
arrives at Montreal atfe a.m. 
Toronto to Miles. 

Montreal 363 

William Henry . . 4.5 4C8 
1 ort St. Francis. . 30 444 



Quebec on Saturday andjand Pictou, in the Summer 
rt r ednesday,at8a.in.,leaves]8eason, carrying the m 
Uuebec o n Monday and .ind passengers to and 
Friday, at 4 p.m. :the Atlantic Steam Ships, 

Turoiito lo Afife*. wbich ply between Liver- 

;.~ ;"43 (pool anil Halifax-, but thisj 

Riviere du Loup [accommodation lin.- 

en lias 1 14 SS jdiscoutinued. Although thi? 

Madawasea .... 81 73 c jis not a mail route, the ol- 
Grand Falls. . . . . Hi 77! lowing table may be appro- 
Woodstock, N. B. 74 =4:|priately introduced here. 



The Pillars 25 o." 1 

Mai Bav -25 e<i 

Pil::rim Islands. ...25 1U5 

Tadousac J. 1-U 1 

j:-ir, 35 1731 

?.iiiis ilarbor. . . .45 220 , 

Cape Chat 70 300 

Cape Magdelaine. .70 360; 
Cane^osiere. . . .65 4-25J 

r ,j e Uispe 10 435, 

D Espoir. . .3!) 40.V 
Ray of Chakurs.. .-J5 490; 
Mirimichi Bay. . .55 545J 
Richibucio Har. ..28 57; i 
Shediac Harbor.. .34 607 

Verie 43 <>.">!; 

Pictou 60 710 

(Stage.) 

Truro 40 7.">0 

Halifax 60 aid 



CENTRA!, POSTAL DIVISION OF CANADA. 

JOHN DEWE, P. O. SURVEYOR, KINGSTON. 

: Nos. VI, VII anrl VIII, under g.-neral head " Main Provincial Route," belong to the Central Postal Division.] 

1. Toronto and Hoi- water at J p.m. same lays, day and S :t>m!ay at G a.m.; 

land Landing, i.vaml arrives at Flos at half- arrives at Beavertou at p. 



THli MMCOE 



By Passenger Coaches, 
daily. (Sundays exrepted,) 
h -aves Toronto Hl i, P.M., 
arrive at Holland Landim; 
ut 8 P.M. ; leave Hollan;, 
Landing at 5 a.m. ; arrive 
at Toronto at 11 a.m. 



ncl 3 p.m. 



Miles. 



ni. : leaves Beavertor. on 
.Monday, Wednesday and 



at a. m.; arrives at Mari- 
posa at b p.m.; itavcs JWa- 
riposa on Tuesday and Fri 
day at G a.m., and arrives 



Toronto to 

York Mills 

Thornhill 

Richmond Hill. 
Whitclmrch. . 



Milts. 



Holland 



Hi? 

* 



34 



Flos 

Cold water l:> cti 

; Toronto to 

I. 55arrie fc Orillia, Holland Landing.. .34 

IN THK CIMCOE D.SI 



Friday at 6 a.m.; arrives at it Scarboro at s ;..in. 



73 Holland Lauding at 6 p.m. 



Miles. 



3 37 
Keswick 10 47 

lioor-ina. . . 8 



Beaverton Id ~<3 



2. Holland JLanding 

and. fenetanjru 1 ." \Toror.to to 
siiour, IN Tilt: :M. V ICOI: 
DISTRICT. 



Tluee times a \veek, on 

, -k. Leaves i arrie 

.n Tuesday, Tiiursjay and 

Saturday, at i a.m.: arrives G. KeaverlOH 
at Orillia at 3 p.m.: ieavesi ITIara, IN THE HOME 
Orillia onMond ay.VVednes- DISTRICT. 
day and Friday, at 4 a.m..! 

and arrives at Barrie at Twice a week, on horse 
i;oon. ;back. .Leaves 



Toronto to Milts. 

!?carboro i I 

Markbnm 10 2li 

Stouiiville S 2111 

rxbridee 14 43 

Brock 16 59 1 

65, 



9. Whilfeyand Co*- 

IllllbUSf IN THE 

DlSTRCT. 



leaves Holland Landing days excepted) around Lake Mara 7 -( 



Monday, Wednesday an 

ri:iay, at !) p.m.; arrive at 
on Tues 
day, Thursday and Satur 
day, at 3 p. m,: leave Pene 



aneuishe ne on M mini to Bradford the! 



By Passenger Coac!io?, 
hree times a \verk to Bar- 
and on horseback from 
hence to I 



Twice a week, on horse-, 
back, which intersects tlj| 
Beaverton Oshawa and Mariposa Mail.i 
,,., on Tuesday and Saturday, iat Columbu*. [Fide Tablet 

MtKS. | ., ; p_ M1 _. % irrive .; at MaraiU).] Leaves \Viiii 

Barrie 60 at half-past 7 p.m.: leaves I Monday and Thursday at 

Oro U 74 Mara at 4 p.m. same, day, ,7 a.m. ; arrives at Coluin-. 

Orillia 10 84, and arrives at Beaverton at, bus at J a.m. ; leaves Co- 

. .f-past -5 p.m. 

Note. In the summer sea- 



-on 



Mails are also carried! Toronto to 

I , averton. 



-.it.-cats. daily, 



Siiiiope. On tile arrival of! 
;_;es from Tor , 



;he Steamer Beaver leaves, 
"radibrd, and makes a 
ircuit of Lake 



Eieavcrtcu and! 

ITIariposa, IN THE| 
HOME DISTRICT. 



lumbus at li) a.m. same day, 

and arrives at Whitby at 

noon. 

Toronto to Miles.\ 

Whitby . - 

Brook! in (5 34 1 

Columbus 4 38 



VVednesd-iy and Friday, at 
5 a.rn ,ajid arrive atHoilam 
Landing at 7 p.m. 



llO OsIrawa 

J>OSa, IN THE COLBORNE 1 

Twice a week, on hor?e-i DISTRICT. 



ollovvin;; day, and calling back. Leaves Mariposa 

in her route at Barrie, <>n\ on Tuesdny and Friday, at _ _.., _.. . 

Orillia, Beaverton mid Ke<- 1> a.m., and arrives at Bea- back. Leaves Oshawa onj 



Tvrice a week, on horse-! 



At OriHia there are verto:i at 10 a.m.; leaves: Monday and Thur-i.iay. r:t 

Torn, ti> to Miles. , 1<ll;! !i v ^ 1;1L ,,, S j n waiting to Beaverton on Monday and,! a.m.; arrives at Man 

Holland Landing. ..31 |convey [lassencers to Snir- Thurs lay at 4 p.m., andar- at 5 p.m.: leaves Manpoea: 
on Bay. on Lake Huron, rives at Mariposa at 6 p.m. on Tuesday and Friday, atl 
for the Steamer Qor, which i\fi, 6 a.m., and arrives at Oeh- 



Bradford ........ -1 3- 

Innistil .......... 

Barrie ........... (! 

Flos 



:riim tlie snnnu . r \a\TortmtotO 



Penetanguishene .. .21 91 



.1:1 73 tlie i 



3. Flos and Cold- 
water, IN T1IK SlM JOF 

DISTRICT. 

Twice a wi-ek, on horsc- 
mck. leaves Flos on Tues 
day amlThursrtay at 10a.m.-. 
arrives at Coldwater at half- 
Jpnst 12 noon : Innves Cold- 



footof Ln 

Tal.li: 

Division. 



Marie, ,, f 
for. I iiii- 

ll cflci-u Poiii;! 



Mariposa [ Vide Ta- 



.65 



Kldon J 74 

Beaverton 9 83 



awa at 2 p.m. 

Toronto to Miltf. 

Oshawa 32 

Columbus C 3H 

Reach S 45 

Mariposa 1? 051 



>. Holland landing 8. Scarboro fc !Uar r - 
and Beavertoii, IN i:>-<ii, IN TIIE COLBOKNE|!I . Pickering 1 and 

THE HOMK DISTRICT. 

Thrci; times a week, on 
horseback. Leaves Holland 



DISTRICT. 



HOMK DISTRICT. 



Twice a week, on horse 
back. Leaves Scarboro ! Three times a week, on 



bandinfxmTrKwiay.Tlwrs- on Monday and Tlmrsdav horsehack. Leaves Picker- 



62 



SCOBIE & BALFOUITS CANADIAN ALMANAC. 



ing on Monday, Thursday 
anil Saturday, at 10 a.m.: 
arrives atBrougham at halt- 
past 11 a-m.; leaves Brough 
am same day at 6 a.m., ami 
arrives at Pickering at half- 
past 9 a.m. 

Toronto to mle >- 
Pickering 2 2 



16. Peterboro aud 
Warsaw, IN THE COL- 
BORNE DISTRICT. 

Once a week, on horse 
back. Leaves Peterboro 
on .Saturday at 9 a.m.; ar 
rives at Warsaw at noon -, 



21. Kaivdon ami 20. Kingston an 
Vic- Storring-ton, IN TH 

MIDLAND DISTRICT. 



IVladoc, IN THE 
TORIA DISTRICT. 



Twice a week, on horse 
back. Leaves Rawdon on 
Tuesday and Friday noon ; 



Twice a week, on horse 
back. Leaves Kingston o 
Wednesday and Baturda 



arrives at Madoc at 4 p.m.; at ri a.m. -."arrives at 
leaves Warsaw at -I p.m., [leaves Madoe on Tuesdayirington at H a.m.; leave 



Brougham 7 29 p.m. 



12. ITIariposa and 
Peterboro , IN THE 

COLBORNE DISTRICT. 



arrives at Peterboro at 5 



and Friday at 7 a.m. -.arrives 
at Rawdon at 11 a.m. 



Twice a week, on horse 
back. Leaves Maripos-a 
Ion Tuesday and Friday, at 
(ja.m.; arri ves at Peterboro 
at p.m.; leaves Peterboro 
on Monday and Thursday, 
at 6 a.m., and arrives at 
Hariposa at 6 p.m. 



Tjronto to 

Mariposa 04 

Lindsay 13 

Emily 13 



Miles. 



1 eterboro 



lj 103 



I S.Cobourgand Pe 
terboro , IN THE COL- 
BORNE DISTRICT. 

Passenger Coaches daily, 
(Sundays excepted.) Leave! 
Cobourg at 8 a.m. ; arrive! 
at Peterboro, at 3 p.m. : 
leave Peterboro at 9 a.m., 
and arrive at Cobourg at 4 
p.m. 



Toronto to 



Miles. 



Peterboro 92 

Warsaw 10 



LI 



17. Brighton and 
Petcrfooro , IN THE 

COLBORNK DISTRICT. 

Twice a week, on horse 
back. Leaves Brighton on 
Tuesday and Friday at 4 
a.m.; arrives at Peterboro 
at 4 p.m.; leaves Peterboro 
oiAVeduesday and Saturday 
at (5 a.m., and arrives ai 
Brighton at p.m. 



Toronto to 

Rawdon 131 

West Huntingdon 3 136 



Madoc . 



Storringttra on WedneadE 

and jauird:>y at f a.m., an 
arrives at Kingston at 4p.rr 
This mail intersects tl 
Kingston and Loughbon 
route at Merrill s Taverr 



Toronto to 

Brighton 113 

Percy 14 1 It- 
Norwood 10 I:i3 

Asphodel 7 130 

Otanabee 10 140 

Peterboro 13 133 



22. West Hunting* 
tloai aud Miiiige r- 
ford, i.v THE VICTORIA 

DISTRICT. 

Twice a week, o;i horse 
back. Leaves West Jlunt- 
ingdon on Tuesday and Fri 
day at 1 p.m. ; arrives at 
ilungerford at 5 p.m..; 
Hurigerfoni on Tuesday ami 



1-J l-Jk-. u-dicri is about e 1 miles fro; 
Kingston. 



Toronto to mle 

Kingston Iti5 

Storrington .... 13 17 



27. Kiii s(on ani 



THE MIDLAND DISTRICT. 

Amherst Island is serve 
three times a-week froi 



18. Percy & Belle 
ville, IN THE VICTORIA 
DISTRICT. 



Miles. Friday at a.m.; arrives at 1 Kingston during Summer 
West Huntingdon atlO a.m.jby steamboat: leavingKing 
sion on Tuesday, Friday 

Toronto to Miles, and Saturday at 5 p.m., an 

arriving at Amherst Islan 
at 7 p.m. : leaving Amhers 
Island about 11 p.m. Mon 
day, Wednesday and 



Twice a week, on horse 
back. Leaves Percy on 



West Huntingdon 13G 
Moira 6 142 

Ilungerford .... 10 152 

23. ^ S ile*g -{ -rt^S 

TORIA DISTRICT. , 

~ branch mail to an 



I 1 , 
by 



Toronto to 

Port Hope 63 

South Moiiaghan.. .15 73 
Peterboro . 14 92 

Pfote. The distance be 
tween Port Hope and Co 
bourg is 7 miles. 



Tuesday and Friday at 
Mile*t\&.m. ; arrives at Belleville 



_ 

Once a week, on horse- " Bath- leaving Ambers 
back. Leaves BhannonviHeR?"* 



, on Friday at noon ; arrives 



at 3 p.m.; leaves Belleville 
on Tuesday and Friday at 



:duy at 8 a.m., and 
at Hath at 



.rnvin 
leavin 



7 p.m. 



arnvcs at Perc >" at 



and Cavaci, IN THF 

NEWCASTLE DISTRICT. 

Three times a week, on 
lorseback. Leaves South 
Monaahan on Tuesday, 
(Thursday, and Saturday, 
jabout noon ; arrives at Ca- 
;van at 2 p.m.; leaves Cavan 
.same days at half-past 9 a. 
in., and arrives at South 
jMonaghan at half-past 11 
a.m. 

Toronto to 
South Monaghan.. .73 

Millbrook 6 81 

Cavan 3 87 



15. IVIariposa and 
Fenctcm iFalis, IN 

THE Cor.DORNE DISTRICT. 

Once a week, on horse- 



Miles. 



Toronto to 

Percy 107 

Seymour West... 11 118 
Seymour East. . . 8 12(5 

Rawdon 8 134 

Belleville 16 1.50 

19. Rawdon. and 
IVIarmora, IN THE 

VICTORIA DISTRICT. 

Once a week, on horse 
back. Leaves Rawdon on 



atMelroseatl p.m.; leaves " at , nt .. a -" 1 ; , " 
Meiroseen Friday at I0a.fe hat ""-P"" " }d ar 
..-,, <i,., ,,,,r,,,,.iM,,i nvl rif! fit Amherst Island a 



in.; arrives at Shannonville 
at 11 a.m. 



Toronto to 



Miles. 



Shannon ville . .124 
Melrose 6 



24. Mill Creek and 
iVewfoursr, IN THE 

MIDLAND DISTRICT. 

Three times a week, on 



half past 10 a.m. 



Miles 



Toronto to 

Kingston 163 

Amherst Island. .. 13 17? 



28. King-ston and 
Wolfe Island, 

THE MIDLAND DISTRICT. 

Daily, Sundays excepted 
:iy Ferry Boat. Leaves 



day and Friday, at 8 



10, 



Tuesday noon , arrives at \ 
Marmora at 4 p.m.; leaves 
Marmora on Tuesday at Z 
a.m.; arrives at Rawdon at 



11 a.m. 
Toronto to 



Miles. 



Belleville in 

Rawdon 16 131 

Marmora 10 147 

20. River Trent and 
Franki ord, IN -rut 
VICTORIA DISTRICT. 

Once a week, on horse- 
)ack. Leaves River Trent 



back. Leaves Mariposa on on Tuesday .at 8 a.m.; ar- 
Tuesday at (> a.m.; arrives rives at Fran kford at half- 
Fit Fenelon Falls at 2 p.m.;[past 9 a.m.; leaves Frank- 



leaves Fenelon Falls on 
^Monday at 9 a.m., and ar 
rives at Mariposa at 5 p.m. 



Toronto to 



Miles. 



Mariposa 65 



Fenelon Falls 



, .2001 



ford at noon, and arrives at 
River Trent at half-past 1 
p.m. 



Toronto to 
River Trent.. 

Frankford . . 



Miles. 

..103 

.. 7 lin 



a.m. 
noon, 



leaves 
and arrives at 



u at 
Mill 



Creek at 2 p.m. same days. 



Toronto to 

Mill Creek. . , 
Wilton . . . . 
Camden East 



M/iff. 
.1.53 



Newbura 2 



15 
164 
161 



25. Kingston and 



IN THE 

MIDLAND DISTRICT. 

Twice a week, on horse 
back. Leaves Kingston on 
Wednesday and Saturday 
at - a.m.; arrives at Loufh- 
boro at 11 a.m. ; leaves 
Loughboro at 1 p.m., and 
arrives at Kingston at 4p.m. 
same days. 

Toronto to 
Kingston . 
Louzhboro 



Miles. 



. 185 

. 11$ 



11 a.m. 

During the Winter season 
the Wolf Island mail is car 
ried by the Courier between 
Kingston and CapeVincent. 
( Fide No. 27.; 
Tiirnnlo to Milef. 

Kinsston 103 

Wolf Island. ... 3 16f 



29. Kingston and 
llie l : lit ted States. 

Daily, Sundays excepted. 
The mails are despatched 

n the summer by .-learners. 
;o and from ; >suero . leav- 
ng Kingston at 3 p.m. ami 
irriving at Kingsron at ? 
i. 1:1. "And in winter by 
>oats and waggons, or by 
->asseii:;er -. .curbs to mid 
Vom CapeVincent ; leaving 
Kingston daily, Sundays e.t- 
cepted, at 8 a.m., and arriv- 
ng at Kingston at 5 j.rn. 



SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 



63 



Distances from Kingston 
to Oswego, 00 miles, and 
from Kingston to Cape Vin 
cent, 11 miles. 

30. Brighton and 
Kingston, VIA THE 

PRINCE KDWARD DIS 
TRICT. 

Passenger Coaches daily, 
(Sundays excepted.) In 
summer, leaves Brighton at 



Ip.rn. 



Toronto to 
Picton 129 

Deinorestville. . . 13? Toronto to 



Miles rives at Smith s Falls at 4!p.m., and arrives at Pack- 



North port . 



4 11-2 



34. Brocfeville and 
Morristowii, STATE 
or XEW YORK. 



Smith s Falls. 
KHnmnock. . 
Merrickville.. 



Miles, 

..249 
.. 6 25; 

. 2iil 



Burritt s Rapids. . 2<i7 
Kemptville 10 27? 



enham at o p.ui. 

Toronto to Miles. 

Packenham 2 Jii 

Arnprior 1U 3CO 

43. Ramsay & Kel- 
lamy s ^lills, IN THE 

BATHURST DISTRICT. 



Ferry Boat, three times 3,39. Kcmiitvillc and Twice a week, on horse- 
week, across the River St. 



Lawrence. 



3a.m.,andarrivesat Kings- 
ton at 10 p. ui. ; leaves *> 
Kingston daily (Saturdays 
excepted) at 5 p.m., and ar 
rives at Brighton daily (Sun 
days excepted) at 3 p. m. 
in winter this mail leave^ 
Brighton at S a.m. (Sundays 
excepted,) and arrives at 



Kindlon at 10 p.m. -, leave* 
Kingston daily (Sundays 
Excepted,) at? a.m., and ar 
rives at Brighton at 10 p in. 
TUT onto to Mild. 

Brighton 93 

Murray 10 108 

Consecon 5 l<i- 

Hillicr 3 113 

Wellington > 110 

Bloomfield > i-i 

I icton 5 1-1 

Adolphustovvn. ... b 137 
Fredericksburgh. .. 5 14 i 

Bath 9 131 

Kingston 10 1C? 



Bl.,Hilllerandcd- 

PIUNTI: EIAVARD DIS 
TRICT. 

Twice a week, on horse- 



Perth, IN TH 

URST DISTRICT. 



and 

B.vra- 



Corners, i.\;back. Leaves Ramsay on 
THE JOHNSTOWN DisTKifT Tuesday and Saturday, at 
!t a.m., and arrives at Bel- 



Six times a week, by pas 
senger coaches. Leaves 



lainy s Mil s at 11 a. m. 
leaves Bellamy s Mills at 



on Mead^y, half-part 8 s.m., and arrives 



\\ i due-day and Fri..av, at at Ramsay at half-past 
Passenger Coaches leave 1 half-past \-2 noon, and ar- a.m. 
Brockvilledaily (Saturdays rivt , s at Hock s Corners at a 

Toronto to 
Ramsay 



excepted,) at 3 p.m., ami ar-: p . m . ; leaves Heck s Cor 
rive at Perth daily (Sunday* ners immediaKly i 



ixoepted,) at a.m.; leaves arrival or" stage I rom Pres- 
Pert.ii daily (Saturdays ex- CGt t, and arrives at Kempt- 
.-.epted.) at half-past d a.m., vi n e a [j Out 4 p. ui . : leaves 
and arrives at Brockville .Kemptville on Tuesday, 
daily (Sundays excepted,) Wednesday and Saturday, 
at a.m. a t 4 p.m., and arrives at 

Miles. Heck s Corners at hall-past 
5p.m. ; leaves Heck s Cor 
ners immediately after the 
_ arrival of stage from By- 
Kitley . . , ..... 8 237 town, and arrives at Kempt- 

<Mn r!i ^ Pnlla 19 *^10 ..: n , i _..* o 



Toronto to 

Brockville 217 

Addison 12 



Smith s 
Perth . 



36. Addisou & West- 

port, IN THE JOIINSTOW.-. 

DISTRICT. 

Three times a week, on 



ville about 8 p.m. 

40 .Smith s Falls and 
ISytoivii, IN THE DAL- 

Hocsie DISTRICT. 



Miles - 
278 
Bellamy s Mills . . 10 2S8 



44. Richmond and 

AXuiiiie) , i.s THE 

DISTRICT. 



Once a week, on horse- 1 
back. Leaves Richmond 

on Saturday, at G a.m., and 
arrives at Huritley at half- 



paste a.m. 
at !) a.m., 
Richmond 



horseback. 



Three times a week, on 
horseback. Leaves Smith s 
k. Leaves Arldi- 1 Kails on Monday, Wednes- 
sori on Monday, Wednes- day and Friday, at 10 p.m,, 
Jay and Friday, at p.m.. and arrives at Bytown on 
and arrives at Westpor 



, 
hack. Leaves Hillier on Tu>day,Thuwlay and Sat- 

Tuesdav and Friday, at 10 V, r , day :U 4 J > - n 
a.m., am! arrives at lied- \Vestport. on Mom.ay, 



. 

Tuesday, Thursday ami 
Saturday, at 1 p.m. ; leaves 
Uytown on Monday, Wed- 



nersville at. 2 
JRednersville at 3 p.m., and 
arrives at Hillier at t> p.m. 



ivv ., v .. 

leaves "esday and Friday, at 



leaves Huntley 
and arrives at 
at half-past 11 

Miles. 



Toronto to 
llichmond .... . .i?:- 
Huntley 12290 

45. Richmond and 
North Cower, is -nn 

DALHOUSIK DISTRICT. 

Once a week, on horse 
back. Leaves Richmond 



Toronto to 

Hillier m 

Melville 411? 

Ameliasburg 5 122 

Redncrsville 4 12ti 



Miles. 



2. Picton and Ulil- 
ford, IN THE PRINCI; 
F,w.\RD DISTRICT. 

Tu lcea week, on horse 
back. Leaves Picton on 
Tuesday and Friday, at i 
p.m., and arrives at Miltbrd 
at:J p.m. : leaves Milfordar 



t \J/!es. Toronto to 

Addison 229 

Farmersville. ... 4 

Beverley 10 243 

Portland 9 2.V2 

Newboro 10 - 

Westport 6 2 j: 



i:i>-d;>y and Friday, at ~> on Saturday, at 6 a.m., rnd 
ja.m., and arrivesat Smith s arrives at North Cower at 
half-past 10 a. m. ; leaves 
North Gower on Saturday, 
at 7 a.m., and arrives at 
Richmond at half-past 



a.m., and arrivesat Addison falls at 4 p.m. same days. 
at 5 p.m. 

Miles. 

.249 



Toronto to 
Smith s Falls. 
Franktown . . 
llichmond. . . 
Bytown 



12 201 a.m. 



Miies. 



Toronto to 

Richmond S78 

North Gower ... 8 266 



37. Perth and Lan 
ark, IN THE BATHDRSI 
DISTRICT. 



41. Fraiiiitowii ant! 
Fit7.ro y Harbor, i> 

THE BATHURST DISTRICT. 40. Maitland and 
North Augusta, IN 

THEjcHNSTOWNDlSTUICT. 



Three times a week, on 
horseback. Leaves Frank- 
town on Tuesday, Thursda\ 



Three time? a week, on a nd Saturday, at a.m. .an* back. 

horseback. Leaves Perth arrives at Fitzroy Harbor a? Tues(._, , ... ,.._.. __... 
on Monday, Weonesday and .; p . m . . leaves Fitzroy Har- arrives at North Augusta at 



Once a week, on horse 
Leaves Maitland on 
at 2 p.m., and 



Friday, at 9 a.m., and ar 



half-past 4 p.m. ; leaves 



vi a.m. name uays, an i ar 
rives at Picton at 11 a.m. 

Torwto to aes 
1 irtrji 12!) 


rives at Lanark at 11 a.m. ; 
leaves Lanark at noon, and 
arrives at Perth at 2 p.m. 

TVo.vte to Miles - 
Perth *3 ( i 2 


and Friday, at 4 a.m., and 
arrives at Franktown at 
noon. 

Toronto to mies 
Franktown . . . .201 
Carleton Place ... 2?( 


North Augusta on Tuesday 
v !l a.m., and arrives at 
Maitland at half-past 11 
a. rn. 

Toronto to Miles 
Maitland 222 


ChiTry Valley > 13J 
Milford > 10* 




Lanark 13 **?: 


33. Pietou & North. 
I>OrJ, iv TIM-: I juxct 
EDWARD DISTRICT. 




North Augusta... 12 234 


38 Smith s Fallsaud 
KeJiiptville, IN rut 

JOHNSTOWN DISTRICT. 

Three times a week, on 
horseback. Lr-aves SmithN 
Falls on Monday, Wedn s- 
id Friday, at -> a.m.. 
and arrives at Kemptville al 
oo.i ; leaves Kemptvi .le 01 
\Jonday, Wednesday am 
Friday, at 7 a.m., and ar- 


Packoiiham. . . . 12 -Jild 
Fitzroy Harbor.. . 12 30: 


47. Prrscott and Oer- 
ttciiNhurglij IN THI 

STATE OF Ni-.w YORK. 

Ferry Boat, six times it 
ui.-rk. across the River St 
Lawrence; Pres^ott i .tn 
P.ytown through the Johns 
town and Ualhoasie Dis- 
trirts. Passenger Coaches 
three times a week. Leaves 


Three times a week, on 
;:ick. Livives Pic.tOli 

. m Tuesd ly, Thursday and 
^ .itur.lay, at no"ii. and ar- 
rivesat \nithportat:j p.m.: 
;liavt:--- Xorthport on Tues- 
Uay, Thursilav an 1 Sa.tur- 
fday, at - a.m., and arrive? 
|V; 1 ii-ton at 11 a.m. 


12. Packenham and 

AmpS JO! , IN Till 

BATUURST DISTRICT. 

Once a week, on horse 
back. Leaves Packenliam 
irsday at 1 p.m., and 
arrives at "Arnprior at 3 
p.m. ; leaves Arnprior at 3 



64 



SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 



URST DISTRICT. 



Pre-fcott on Monday, Wed 
nesday, and Friday at 10, 
a.m., arrives at Hytown at 
12, midnight; leaves P.y- 

town at 8 a.tn. on Tuesday, , ._ .....,. ,.._ ,..,....,_,........ 

Thursday, and Saturday, back, leaves Whitelake ence in the distance he 



al. WJlite Lake and counted for by Packenham 
Bilgot, IN THE B.VTH- being approached, in cither 

different route. 
., , of course, pro- 
Once a week, on hor?e-;duc<,> a corresponding dilfer 



case, by a 
This will, 



horseback. Leaves L Or-j 
i-*nal Tuesday, Thursday! 
and Saturday! at Id, a.m.,! 



and arrives 



and arrives 
U Jp.m. 



at Prescott at 



on Thursday, at 4 p.m., and uveen Toronto, Whitelake, 
arrive.- at lia-ot at 7 p.m. ; McXabband Castleford.aiid 



Uli es i e !Ves Bagoton Thursday, places dependinu upon them 
Toronto to ",noon, and arrives at While- should the route of table 37 

Prescott 220 lake- at 3 p.m. ! e. take;i, ia travellinu to 

Sneneerville .... 12 211 Toronto to ifes. Packenliam, instead of thai 

Heck s Corners. . !> 2.> Whitelake ....337 iof table 4J. 

South Cower 5 2.>5| Bagol 11 315. , 

Harton s 18 273 

Bytown 17 2i)0j 



IS. Barton sandOs- 

gOOdi?) IN 1 THE DALiJtOU- 

SIE DISTRICT. 



co 
52. 

ley, 



DISTRICT. 
pnse 



IN THE BATHURST 



55. West Williams 
burgnud Winches- 

tci> IN THE EASTLRN DIS 
TRICT. 



and arrives at Ossoode at ir.-st !> a.m.. 




on Tuesday, Thursday and 



Saturday, at half r.ast ,- : a.m., 
arrives at West. 



Caledonia I 



-prints at nooii ; leaves 
Caledonia Springs at noon, 
and arrives at L Orignal at 
I p.m. same days. 

Tjronto to Mles - 

L On;:nal 339 

Caledonia Springs 5 34? 
In winter the mail travel?! 

:wice a week only between 

i/Oriiinal and Caledonia! 

S;iriir s, viz., on Tuesdays! 

and Saturdays. 



half-past 1.2 p.m.; leaves McNahb at 5 p.m. 

Os"oode onTnesdav.Thurs-! Toronto In 

T XT i i ~ i<iuu iiJMic^ in vvel n jj-. 1 ;,: a- ~ 

day and Saturday, at 9 a.m., McNabb 3U> -li-.mshnr - T h-iif m*t i n M, Tuesday am Saturdav, at 

and arrives at Barton s at Renfrew 5 :;.,! " " p<ut ^" jio. a.m.", and arrives at Oa- 

half-past 10 a.m. Admaston ll> 3K7 Toro?itoto ji/^ledonia Springs at noon 



59. Caledonia 
Springs aud Vlan- 

tageuetj IN THE OTTA 
WA DISTRICT. 

Twice a week, on horse- 
hack. Leaves Caledonia! 
Springs on Tuesday and 
Saturday, at noon, and ar 
rives at Plantapjenet. at 2 
; leaves Piantageneton 
at 






_, 

Toronto to 
Barton s ....... 2?:! 

i- i?! 

It is probable that 
ithe rouios 4(5 to 50, inclu- 
jsive, will shortly be ar- 
irun. i l diiierenily to what 
they are ut present. 



Bromley 



3. Catlcf ord 
Poi-taafe rtu Fort,, 

ix TIIK DISTRICT OK Mox-L-g, uiefcenson sl 60 * t Origiial aud 
L,andiMgf & Finch.l Carillon, IN THE MON- 
. IN THE J^ASTKXN DISTRICT.! TREAL DISTRICT. 

Twice a-wpek on horse-! _ __ 

back, f/eeven Castlelbrd . m horse .| 



49. Osgoode & Btus- 

OTTAWA 



IN THE 
DISTRICT. 



Once a week, on horse 
back. Leaves Osgoode on 
, Saturday, at 1 p.m., and ar- 
rives at Ilussoll at 3 p.m. ; 
Heaves Russell at 11 a.m., 
land arrives at Ostioode at 1 
! p. in. 

i Toronto to mles - 

Osgoode 279 

Russell 1) 2~- 



West VV i 1 1 i amsb 2.2.3-2 

illiaiiMlfg 7 Mi 



Winchesier 



12 -J71, 



Miles. 



Caledonia Springs 348 
Pl.aitugenet ..... 10 35S 



on Monday and Friday, at 9 
a.m., and arrives at Pon;i"<> 
In Fort at 1 p m. -. leaves 
Portaire du Fort at I p.m., 
and arrives .-it Castleford at 
"> p. in. same days. 



Once a-week on horse-i F y e times a week on 
hack. Leaves Dickcnson sil o^cbnck, and Ferry Koat. 
Landin 
ami arrive 
p.m.; leaves Finch on .-ai- 



Trt!ti> to 
i .istleford ...... 

Portage du Fort. . 



Miles. 
.">7 
19 37 



.. 

urday, at ." a.m., ami arrives ; t Carillon at (J p.m, ; leaves 
at Dickensou s Laudiim at -anllou every day except 



37. Cornwall&I. Or. 



IN THE OTTAWA 
DISTRICT. 



se dn Fort 
and Pembroke, IN 

Tim BATIHTRST DISTRICT. 

Three times a-week, on 

horseback. Leaves 1 orta^e 
du Fort on Monday, at 1 p. 

50. E5j r tovr and m., Wednesday at fl a.m., 
Castl3tord, iv THEiFriday at 1 p.m., and ar- 
UATHURST DISTRICT. rives at Pembroke on Tues 
day at 1 p.m., Wednesday 

Three times a week, onjatvp.m., Saturday nt 1 p. 
jhors"|)ack. Leaves Hytown m. : leaves Pembroke on 
ion Monday, Wednesday and Sunday at 11 n.tn., Tuesday arrives "at Cornwall at 



gon Saturday, noon, Leaves L Orignal every daj 
ives at Finch at 0, except Saturday and Sun- 



at ! p.m., and arrives 



11, a.m. 

I llTllull) tO 

Dickenson sLand.iKi!) 
Finch 20 2S9 



Saturday and Sunday, at 7 
\P-ih-i and arrives at L Orig- 
nal at .) a.m. following days. 



Toronto to 

L Oriznal 33!) 

. . 6 315 
. . 12 337 



Leaves 

Cornwall on Monday, Wed 
nesday and Friday, at 7, a. 
in., and arrives at L Orignal 
at fi p.m. ; leaves L Orignal 
on Tuesday. Thursday and Toronto to 
Saturday, "at 4, a.m., ami 



61. Lancaster aud 
\Villiainsto\vii, IN 



horseback. 



a week 



!l ? riday.ai 4 p.m, and arrives at 8 a.m., Thursday at. 1 ! 
jat Castleford on -Sunday. a.m.. and arrives at Portaze 
Wednesday and Friday, at du Fort on Monday at ^ a. 
a.m. ; leaves Castleford on m., Tu"---hy at 10 p.m., Fri- 
Tuesday, Thursday and day at f a.m. 
Saturday, at 1(1 a.m., and Tiirontnto 
arrives at Bytown on Mon-j Portage du Fort. .3o7 
day, We Inesday and Fri-| 
day, at 3 p.m. 



i Toronto to 

Rytown 290 



Miles 



South Westmeath 1 i 3^3 
Westmeath .... s .")!>! 
Pembroke 11 -10-2 



South March 12 30" 

North Huntley. .. 10 31- 
Packenham .... 12 32-1 

White Lake 13 3. !7 

McNabh 9 

Castleford. . . 



Nate. Referring to 
1K-50 inclusive. The dis 
tance to Packenham, by 
table ]ii, is 3 2l miles, while 
that by table 37 is only a!)C 
miles, mnkinpa dift erence 
Jl 357lof 34 miles, which is nc- 



p. m. 
Titrnntolo 



Mttt* 
.281 



301 



Cornwall . . 

St. Andrews 

Martintown . 

St. Raphaels 

Alexan !ria .... !) 31< 

I,ocbi"l 7 317 

V.iriklpck Hill ... H 3->: 
Hawkesbury .... P %V, 
L Orignal. . .... (5 33! 



Lancaster . . . 
Williamstown 



Miles. 
.997 

. 6 3G 



58. 
dotiia 

THE OTTAWA DISTRICT. 

Three time? a-week. on 



There is a Post Office in 
the township of Clarence, 
served three times per wek 
by a mail from Lochaber.in 
Lower Canada. 

Another in the township 
of Cumberland, served six- 
limes per week by a mail 
from Buckingham, Lower 
Canada. 
.A nd another at NorthJ.nn- 

per week by a mail from 
Coteau Landing! Lower 
f anadn. 



SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 



EASTERN POSTAL DIVISION OF CANADA. 

WILLIAM HENRY GRIFFIN, P. O. SURVEYOR, QUEBEC. 
Nos IX, X and XI, under general head "Main Provincial Route," belong to the Eastern Postal Division.] 



treal to Bi -l Montreal f Miles. T.Montreal to Hem~\Montrcal to Miles. 

ISTHF.DALUOIH St. Martin... ... .12 ; minffford, IN" THE, Pliilipsbiirg 51 

r.!Tr-r U C -St. Rose 5 17 1 COUNTY (IF BEACHARXOIS. *Frelighsburg .... 1-2 63 

St.TlieresedeBlain- I Abercorn ttfl 



1. Montreal 
town 

SIE DISTRICT. 

Mails six Hmet a-\veek, 
ay light car and horseback. 
LeavesMonueal at half-past 
9 a.m.; arrives at Byiown 
at 2 p.m. the following day. 
ly.ivp.s Bytovvn at 4 a.m. . 
arrives at Montreal at 8a.m. 
the following clay 
Montreal to 

St Laurent 

St Martin 

bt Mustache 

StBenoit 

*St Andrews. . 

tCarillon 



Miles. 



J* 
I 






Chatham - 5 -3 

IGrenville . - - 
Petite Nation. 
$Lochaber . . . 
((Buckingham . 
Templeton . . 
Bvtown 



i 
.3 J 

. 



. 9 1U5 
.15 1-20 
. 3 123 



-Branch Post six times a 
vrern to Lachute. 

tPost twice a week to Ri- 
gaud, &c. 

{Mail three times a week 
to Hawkesbury. 

Post to Clarence. 

iiPost to Cumberland. 

Note. Mail six times a- 
wcek from Carillon to 
Hawkesbury nn lL. Orignal. 



du 



w- to Port- 
Fort and 



St.TlieresedeBlain- 
ville 4 21 



Abercorn ti 

Sutton 5 74 

South Potton 17 1 



Twice a week. Mail cart. | 

St. Jerome 15 3C Leaves Laprairie on Mon-| 

L day and Thursday at 2 p.m.j 

f, Arrives at Laprairie oni *Post twice a week to 
4. Montreal to * Tuesday and Fridav at a] Bedford. 

rillOll, INTIIK ( <>L ; NTY tulu 

Montreal to Miles.lll. Montreal 

Laprairie ....... 9 

St. Edouard 13 22 

liabyville 8 30 

Hemmingford .... S :i- 



OF Two MOUNTAINS. 

Twice a-week. Leaves 
Lachine on Tuesday and 
Friday at 1 p.m.; arrives at 



Carillon on Wednesday and . 

Saturday at 5 am Leaves g> , lantrea i to I,a- 



to 

Manstead(CouNTY OF 
STANSTEAD), via St. 
Jolin. 



Three limes a week, by 



CanHon on Wednesday and 
Saturday at a.m., and ar 
rives at Lachine at ti p.m. 



stage conch. Leaves St. 

colic (COUNTY OF Hu.v-iJohns on Monday, Wednijg-j 
Tix(>nox),andX lai- day and Friday, at 4 a.m.:, 
plain, STATE OF Nfiwiarrives at Staiistead same 
YORK. [evening. Leaves Stantiead 

on Tuesday, Thursday, and 

Three times a week. Mail Saturday, at 4 a.m.; arrives 
;cart. Leaves Montreal on at St. John same evening. 



Montreal to 
Lachine ........ 9 

Pointe Claire ... ,18 19 

Ste. Anne, bout de | M< , nrtay) Wednesday and 

ile. ....... . p n j a y i noon : arrives at 1 Montreal to 

| Montreal on Sundaj-, Wed-j *St. Johns 27 

Pike River 15 



3 



Miles. 



PomtaCavagnol... / 3l nesday and Friday.atSa.m 

Riaaiid o 4o 

Carillon 7 Sri Montreal to Milet -\ 

J,aprairie 9 

L Acadie It 23 

Napiervillc 10 :33 

Lacotle B 41 

Champlain 8 49 






5. Montreal to Dun 
dee, IN THE COUNTY OF 
BEAUHARNOIS. 



Bedford ........ 5 47 1 

Stanbridse East. .. [ 51. 

Dunham ....... 5i 

tCowansville ..... o K-^ 

Brome ......... 1(1 ?2 r 

Georgeville ...... H iu 

Stanstead ....... 12 i 



Three times a-week, by , 
stage coach. Leaves Mont 
real at 8 a.m. on Monday,] 



Wednesday and Friday 
arrives at Dundee same day j 
,tt 10 p.m. Leaves Dundee, 

* T-T i J jlkJCtUJilld I J* kJlUitlll i U* * " I 

Island IN on Monday .Wednesday and b toLaprairie,and thence 
or OTTAWA. Fndav 10 ,n "Iby Railroad to St. John,! 



toTPni-l Branch Post from Si.; 
*(atc!>, VIA LAKE John* twice a-w*ek toMt .; 
CHAMPLAIN. Johnson, St. Brigide, and! 

j\\ est Farnham. 

times a week. In tBranch Post weekly tol 
Steam Ferry-i^" ast Farnham. West Shef- 
ford and Waterloo. 



Six 
Summer 



by 



Three times a-weck. 

Miles 
Montreal to 

Bvtown 123 

*Hull 1121 

Ayliner ~ 131 

On slow 21 1.35: 

Bristol 12 W? 

Clarendon 5 17-2: 

tPortageduFort.. 12 i- 

Litchrield 5 1-! 

Calumet Island. . 6 195 



rives at Montreal on i<^|whencetheyaretranimitted 
lay, ThutBday and Saturday hy American Une O f steam- 



Brancb Port three times 

i week to ChelM, and 
thence once a week to 
WakefleW. 

tFrom Portage du Fort to; 

juiii an. I NorttiWeBimeailQ 
iand PoadiroKe three tiincs. 
and thence to Fort William 
uvi V per week. 
Montreal to Mile.\ 

Portage duFon.. .1-1 



it .5 p.m. 

Miles. 

*Lachine 9 

ChateaBguay ...... 7 16 

t- ic. Marline 12 28 

North Georgetown^!!) 38 

Ormstown 7 4o 

IJcwiitvilie 7 52 

tHuntingdon .i v 

Dundee 17 73 

*Branch Post daily to 
Beauharnois. 

tBranch Posts to La 
Guerre and Hinchinbrook. 



crs through Lake Cliam- 



1 2. JTIontrpal totVa-, 
terloo, (Co. OF SifKF- 
FORD), Slu-rbrooke, 

plain. In_Winter by Stagej rCo. OF SITF.RHROOKE), 

and Ktanstead,(Co. 

OF STANSTEAD.) 



Sleigh via Laprairie a; 
Johns to Highgate, State of| 
V ermont, and theac-e by 



way of Burlington and Troy 
to New York. 



to 



Miles. 



Laprairie 9 

tSt. Johns 18 27 

jJIrnryvilie I! I 1 

PhiHpeburg 10 51 

High gate 8 50 



*Thcre is a seventh mail] 
per week between Montreal: 



ninjivnip, IN T IF 

CODNTY OF P)KAUHAR.NOiS. 



Tvrice a-week mail eart. 



tl -in \V*hiter, !.) in Sum- 1 
or. Post three times a ! 
to Isle aux Noix. 



To Waterloo six times a- 
week, and thence to Sher- 
rooke thrice, and Stanstead! 
thrice in stage coaches. 
( Vide Table 20.; 

Montreal to Mile$ - 

*LongueuiI 3 

tChaiubly 1". 1? 

Ste. Marie 5 23] 

St. Crs:: ire 9 32 

tAbbotsford <> 38, 

SGranby 9-17 

Waterloo 12 5fl! 



*n ranch Post twicn a-J 
three times a week AV(1(?k {Q Varennes and Ver . 



to Clarenceville. 



Wefetiiieath 2 204 Leaves Montreal on Wed-| 

Pembroke !> 21!i:nesday and Saturday atjlO. 

Furt \Villinm- 12 2 Jl.noon ; arrives at Mvir.trf.d 
on Wednesday and Satur- 



3. Montreal to St. 
Tlicr.;sede Rlain- 
ville and s* Je 

rome, IN I ItK Cor.XTY 

OF TEKRKl i 



fifties. 



Tiircctimr-- n -WCC* --mail 

cnrt. 



day at & a.m. 

, , 
Montreal to 

Lapnririe ........ 9 

St. Kerne ......... 13 2? 

Norton Creek. . . .10 31 

Russelltown ...... 7 39 



Mannitigville 



.11 50 



Hloiitroal via 
rff to 



res. 
I tfiranch 
tbias. 



f rcl i?rl 

TT OF MlMMqUM), Nllt- 

ton. f ( OUIITY OF SHEF- 
FORH), and PottonJ 
(Coi NTY OF STANSTE.VD). 

Twice a week to Freliahg-l 
burg once thence to Pot- 
ton. Miiil cart. 



Post to St. Ma- 



Poft to St . 

lhpp timf , P a . week . 

M ., ranc)l Post , VPnWv 

d g, 



to 
Waterloo 

North Stuk.ely. 
She-hrooke 



E 



SCOBtE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 



Montreal to Miles. 

Waterloo. . . .. ...59 

Frost Village 3 62 

Stukely 6 K8 

Bolton 14 >-2 

Stanstead 19 101 

13. Montreal to St. 
Hyacinthe, [Co. OF 

ST. i{\"-u iM fiK,j via 



17. Montreal to 
Terrebonue and 
New tila.wg-0-w, Co. 

OF TERHEBON.NE. 

Twice a-week mail cart. 
Leaves Moi.treal on Wed 
nesday an, I Saturday, at 1 
p.m. ; arrives ai. Montreal 
on Wednesday andSaturday 

it a.m. 



Six times a-week mail 
can. Leaves Montreal il i-y 
at 4 p. in.; arrives at Mont 
real daily at S a.m. 

Montr,,* to Mttu - 

Chambly IS 

St. Jean Baptiste . ..It 20 
St. Hyaciiilhe 10 4.") 



1 1-4. Montreal to Ya- 
aiaska, <fcc., [Co. or 
YAMASKA,] via Wil 
liam It;ury 



Montreal to 



Miles. 



St. Sylvester. 

Leeds S 

Inverness 1] 



Mills. 

il ! 

TDrummondville . .22 13i 

Durham 1 i -V. 

^Melbourne H ir- 

ISrompton 12 17- 

Sherbrooke 13 18." 

,L<Minoxville 4 1:-V- 

Coinpton D 19?| 

llatley 7 205; 24. Quebec to Ste. 

HStanstead 11219 Maria la Beaucw, 

<k tieimebccRoad, 
COUNTY OF DORCHESTER. 



Jfilc* 
30 

8 38 i 
46 
97] 
New Ireland. . . . 10 67 

Dudswell 39 IWi 

Sherbrooke -.it) lit! 



t Post weekly to Upton 
Sault au JSecollei,.. . 9 and Yam; 
Sl.VineentdePauL. 3 l.lil t Post daily toKichmond,, ^ Twice a week to La 
Terrebonne ... ... . 9 2iitri-\urkly to Kingsey and! Keance, thence once a week 

St. Lin i-l 35jOanville. mail cart. 

Nw Glasgow. . . . (i -Hi . j osttri- weekly to Eaton 

land Robinson. Quebec to 

18. Montreal to R. -j || t osr tri-weekly to Barns-, Si. Henri \-2 

Association antiiton and Coaticook. La lieau-e 19 

Ruwtltm, Co. or) 

LLI.XSTEK. 21. Quebec to Lot-i 

biniere. (COUNTY 
LOT BI ME RE,) and 



Miles, 



Three tim:>s a week j 
mail rart. Leaves Montreal 
on Tuesday, Thursday and 
. ISatnrdav, at o p.m.; arrives] 
Three times a- week-mail ;lt Moll ", fea i O!I Monday. 



toiet (COUNTY 
MASKA.) 



OF YA- 



;cart. Leaves WilliamHen- 
ry on Tuesday, Thursday, 
japd Saturday, at 8 a.m. : 
arrive* at \Villiam Henry 



ay, Friday, and 
Sunday noon. 



St. Joseph 1-2 4:5 

t ; t. Francois 12 f>. i 

St. George 7 (/- 



Montreal to 
William Henry . .. .43 

*Yamaska ....... K 57 

St. Francis ....... 8 ti:"> 

La 



Twice a week. Ki:ht 

Thursday and Saturday, atlMail cart. Leaves Nicoiet 
8a.m. ion Monday -and Thursday.! 

TIT,-;^O ! lt 5 a.m., and arrives at! 
Montreal to 
*St. Sulpice. .. 
L Assomption. 
St. Jacques. .. . 
Kawdoii .... 



"HSnSbtc 



25. Quebec to St. 

t Sair (Co. OK BKM,- 
OHASSE,) & I rsuiJjJ- 

OBI, CO. OF DOKCHKS- 

TER. 

Twice a week. Mail cart. 



.26 



on Tuesday an 
Friday, at 7 a.m. ; leaves 1 tyucbtc to 



Miles. 



*From Yamaska, a mail 
brnnches three times a week 
to Uiver David, and thence 
tf-.ici a week to Upton and 
Drummondville. 



19. 



to 



15. Montreal 

Aime, *<t. Bl 

>t. HyacuUJH , Arc. 

via ia.-misUa. 



. < ;- jQ.uebec- o- Tuesday and] 
.12 4oj Friday, at 2j p.m., and ar-[ 
. !t Sijrivesat.^ficplet on Wednes 
day and Saturday, at 4 p.m. 
*PoHt bouse on mail route! 
to Quebec. j fytebec to 

St. Nicholas , . . .10 

St. Antoinc 9 

St. Croii i) 

j.otbiniere . ... .. .12 

St. Jean des Chail- 

lons 

St. Pierre les P,ec- 

quets 10 

*Gentilly 10 

Cour 8 

St. Gre^oire 8 



St. lienri 12 



Montreal to Bn-i 
tliislry, Kildare. 

Co. OF BKRTHIER. 



Twice a week 
\ Montreal to 



MUes 



T , tirthi(lr .-, 

* St Kli/ , a be;h . . \ . f 
Itl:ki ,, rv ........ ,-, (i( . 

Kildaro" ......... ti :: 



Miles. \ 



4t 



10 5f 



St. A 

St. Clair 

Kr^ t r ramjiion. . . 
West Fiampton.. 



Port St. Francis.. . (> 



t-A 

. 

9f 



26. 
l&sii in on d, 

of 



10 - I. 

( , liUA TV 



Once a week light cart. 

ivcTrec to ^ tlts - 

Lort-tiL- 9 

artier 7 Itij 



Sie. Catherine 
St. Kayinomt . 



.! 

.14 4<-i 



Twice a-wcck- maile.- rt.! Branch Po-t to Pnille-i 



Moiitrc.nl to 
Yamaska 57 

St. Ainu . 



ila-. bout nine mil 

\vivi.. 



Nicoiet :? 10i|27. Quebec t itti 

ray Bay 4 Co. OK 



li Post to Bland 






01. .\IIIK; u M ^ _ ^_ . . ^,_ . 

St. Hnuues II 7;j2O,rrBon5rea! tolflel 



St. Simon 

St. Hyacinthe. 



.10 6! 



16. William Hoisrj 

[Co. oi ROUVZLLE], to 
riiauibty, (.Co. or 

V ERCETERRES], ami SJ. 

JolMis, Co.. OF HUN 
TINGDON. 

Tl.ree times a-week. 
Leaves ^Vi li im Henry on 
Monday, Wednesday an 
I- rnlr,} . at h-il:-|-;;-t 7 a.m.: 
arrive at St. Johns same 



bniirne, (COUNTY 
DKU.MMOND,) 
brooiic (COUNTY 
SH::RimooKi-:.y 
stead. (COUNTY 01 
STANSTJ;.,]!,) VIA THREP 

RtVERS IN WlNTKR. ANI.-jQ , , a 

PORT ST.FRAKGIS is SUM- 
MEK. 



22. Queliec , o Sow 

(Ccu NTY OK ME 



it ,) S t an fold 
(COUNTY OK ORUMMONH,) 
Arltaba!ie (Co. OF 
DRU.M.MOND, etc.) 



Once a week. 



. "Leaves St. 
on Monday, VVednesdav amL ort &t - 



iFriday at;i p.m.: arrive* ,M 
i \VilliamiieiiryoiiTuesrlay. 
(Thursday and Saturday at 
iioou. . 

M! "" 



Six times a week, in sta:n 
coachos ari(is i: hs. Win 
ter, leaves Three lliverc 
daily at noon, arrivi. 
Stanstend at 7 P. M. 

: \ r e> 
. at 



19 



William 

St. Ours. ." .12 

St. Denis 7 

St. Charles 6 

Belceil 83:; 

Chambly 12 45 



. arrivin;: at S::;:i?teai 
at Noon the follow: nr day. 

(fide T,i!,:i: ,;.) 

Mfiitrrn! to 
Three Rivers. . . .!-0 
Port. ^t. Francis. .. ^ J) 1 



Nicoiet 
"Laliaie 



11- 



i les. ... 
North Inverness. . .18 

J.> 

Stanfold tj 

Arlhabaska tj 

Warwick 12 

\ il!o - 

i 11 

Melbourne 1 



Mil.cs. 
30 



(i!) 

P7 

111 
!ii 



week. J.ravc.- 
V( . lay, at 

, andairivi c atCi 
every Friday, at d a.m. 



Miles, i 

.id 

.44 6i.-, 
. 9 W!- 

.21 yn 



( ii neau Richer. . 
St. Paul s ; 

oiilemens . 
Murray Hay. . . . 



28. Quebec to ISiv-, 
ier tin I.oispe en; 
b:<i. It UiteniMki A" 

;*> 



times a 
Hail cart. 






33. Quebec to.Marr- 

T)ro>!se (Co. orSHRR- 
i--,) via i/e ls. 

t. (Co. of Lore IXIK !;(:., 



Once a week.* l.ighi 
cart. 

Quebec la 

"St. <;>!es. i . , 



Miles 



:.i. Wed 
,iy, at -1 p.- 
i arrive* at U . 
S; tmday, Wednesday./ 
and Thursday, at .- a.m. 

MiLci> 






St. Johns I-J 57|liam llenrv. 



on tri-wecKly to Wil | * This mail wi\! -shortly 



I he made twice a wi ak. 



I oi ii I.evi ..... 1 

i ...... M 

St. I bomas ..... Ifl 

1/Islet ........ 1:5 



liranrh Post weekly 



__ _. - 

SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 67 


mii 

49 

St. Jean Port Joli 7 1 

St. Roc vies A ana U 7 CC 
St. A:iae la i oca- 


Miles. 
144 

Cf CJiniAn 10 ! > { 


Quebec every Friday, at 4 

p.m., and arrives at Gaspe 
I3a-in second Sunday lol- 
lowiug, at 4 p. m.-, leaves 
Gaspc Basin every Friday, 
at 10 a.m., and arrives at 
Quebec second Wednesday 
i at& a.m. 
Quebec to Miles. 


303 
Carleton 36 339 


Ri tin- fcki - . 


New Richmond. . 20 35ft 
New Carlisle ... 30 3)-0 
Port Daniel .... 21 410 
Cape Cove 40 450 
Perce 9 15i 


St Luce .... 1 1 hi 




Biviere Ouelle- . . o 77 
St. Denis de Bou- 


. 
jY.<, e M:, i i > -tween Que 
bec and Point Levi twice a 
I-.K.T, and ouce a 
day in wi:. 

29.QnebecioGaspc, 
via Metis. 

Ouce a week. Leaves 


Point St. Peter.. . 13 47-1 
C.uspe Basin .... 22 4 Jti 

A T o/c. Weekly post com 


i- * v- 


ludre < 
Riviere d i Lqup 
11 1 1 1 


. iss Point Res- 
tifrouclie River. 00 303 




-.settled Mail carried 
in winter ou snow shoes 
these % miles. 


munication at Cross Point 
with New Bruns wick,soutl 
of the Baie des Chaleurs. 




Trois Pistoles. . . 1- HI 



WESTERN POSTAL. DIVISION OF CANADA. 



(Xos. 1, 1 1, III, 

lV>sial Division.) 

il. Toronto & Snud- 
llill, IN THE HOME DIS 
TRICT. 

, Coach three limes a week. 

r>s Toronto at 3 p. in. 

Monday, Wednesday am 

Friday ; leaves Sandhill a; 

i7 a. m.,Tu- s -lay, Thursday 

Saturday. 

ito to Mitu. 

10 

Vniighnn, (Pine 

Grove Mills .... 1- 
t>>oli!c 3 Corners, 

*> S* 

Llovdtown o 

All.iou 10 41 

Sandhill * 5: 



EDWARD 

IV and V, under 



FREER, P. O. SURVEYOR, TORONTO. 

head "Main Provincial Route," (p. 60,) belong to the Western. 



S .ye-Mail from Weston 
10 1 i limber, >jr De!a.haye, ( 

mill. :-. 

r i:\.--Mail f-otn X 

, King P. O. : 
mile-. 

2. t t o b i f. * k e and 



\ THE Six ( B DiSTSIC l 

-s Ilo .lanr 
mi Mo:u: 
n - 

day e . eni 
: T<>ra"l i !a 
. Etobicoke ....... 8 

Sta ili y e Mills ---- 10 If- 

Sandhill ........ 

Mono Mills ...... 11 3 

Adjala ......... 12 } 

:li ...... 8-5 

ead ...... 3 01 

Bradford ........ (> 

llodand Landing.. . 4 7 



Mills 



. OTI rnr.-eback. weekly. 01 
day. 

-.Teronlu tu ,V; .Vs 

Alui-o Mills ...... 

: Mulinur ........ !-"> 



Churi-hviile 5 2! 

Norval 7 3( 

Chiriguacousy. . . . 7 !: 
Stanley s Mills 7 51 

.5. Palermo andNor- 

Val. IN -IHF. (JoHE Dis- 
TIUCT. 

Crach. twice a week 
/ave" Palermo at*>a.m.. 
am! Norval at 2 p. in., on 
Monday and Thursday. 
Tontn to 



: 4. Credit and 
ley s 



Stan 

IN TU; 



iij.Mt: DISTRICT. 
Coach, three times a week 



Leaves Credit at 9 a. in,. 
md Stanley s Mills at 4 p. 
IL, on Monday. Wednes- 
hy, and Saturday. 



Toronto to 

it. . .. . 
Streetsvillc 



Miles. 
.19 
. o 2- 



Milton 53" 

Hornby 74- 

Esque- ing 

Norval. ^ 55 

8. Nelson and Nas- 
sisjjrawryaj IN THI 
GORE D 

Coach, v.-. ?atnr- 

it .1 a. . A., returns same 

Toronto to :U. /o 
Nelson 

Nass. UJi .veya 7 4! 

7. Nelson aiul \* r a^ 

tCl dOWU, INTHEGORK 

DISTRICT. 

Coach, three times a week. 

sWaterdOwn at noon. 

in Tuesday, Thursday. 

iturday, returns same 

. 

Toronto to Miles. 

Waterdown 43! 



S. Eaquesiuc fc Ac 
ton, IN THE GORS DIS 
TRICT. 

Horseback weekly. Leave- 
icton ai - a. in., on Mon- 
lay, returns same dar. 
Tiiror.to to Mile*. 

!- .r=qiiesing 48 

Acton 75. 



9. Esqucsing and 
Criiclpii. IN THE WEL 
LINKTON DISTRICT. 

On horseback, weekly. 
-inesimr at ti a. 
in., on Thursday ; leaves- 
Guelpli at 7 a. m., on Sat 
urday. 
Toronto to Miles. 

-wi^ J Q 

Ballinafaa 7 .:. 

Erin 7 \<->. 

Krnmosa 15 77 

Guelpli 10 87 



1O. Karrie 

Sound, IN THE \\~LL- 
i.isuTON DISTRICT. 

\Veekly. on horse). nek 
8 iiirric on Thurs- 

lay : leaves Owen s SOUIK 

on Mo:i 

Toronto to Mile?. 

liarrie f >0 

Fimnidale 2.1 * 

Nuttawasasra 11 0! 

" 2 II 1 

Sr. Vin-rent 1J 10 

Owen s Sound...-.) 1.1: 



11. 

etse 



and Sauir 



. FOOT 



LAK; 



In the summer season 
weok v, by Meanier, from 
Penetanguishene ; and once 
a month in winter, by cou 
riers, across the ice. ( Vide 
Vo. 4 of " Central Postal 



DiviMOii." \i. til.) 
itato 



Miles. 



penetansnishene. ! ! 
Owen s Sound.. . *5.i lo! ; 

_ _ . - . -w . (J ( i 

Manitouwaning. .15JU ^i. 
Lacioche (V. "O. 

suspended^. . . 30 30! 
StJo?eph s(Bruce 

Mines) 100 4CC 

Sault Ste. Marie, (io 1 



12. Beftdi-ville and 

Strntfordi IN THK Hi - 



On horseback, (wice o 
week. leaves Reachvilli 
U ! 1 a. i.v, on Tiitsday a in 
Friday : it^ives Stratford ai 



noon onMonday andFriday. 
Toronto to Miles. 

Beachville 102 

Em re 8 1101 

St. Mary s (Blan- 
cliard) 12 lv> 

Stratford 13 1J3 



13. JLoiiduii & Port 

Stanley, IN THK LON 
DON DISTRICT. 

Coach daily. Leaves Lon 
don at halt-past 10 a. in., 
and arrives at Port Stanley 
at half-past -J p. m. ; leaves 
Port Stanley at J a. m., and 
.irrives in London at Iri rn. 
Toronto to Miles. 

London ....... 129 

Westminster 
(Junction). 

St. Thomas. . 

Port Stanley. 



6 13.1 

W 147 

9 ISd 



14. Port Stanley and 

Sparta, IN THE LONDOM 
DISTRICT. 

On horseback, twice a 
. Leaves i ort.Siaiilc* 
in. on .M 

. returns .~;ime days. . 
i\n-i> ito tu Miles . 

Port rtanley . . . . . 
Sparta ..."..... 9 165i 



15. 
Zone 



Mill*, IN 



fc 

Tun 



WESTERN DISTRICT. 

On horseback weekly. - 

> Tii:imesvi!leon Fri 
day at - : a.m., and returns 
same day. 
Toronto <o 
Thamt r ville 
-.Mills.. 



Miles. 
.170 

. 7 1-h 



16. Chatham and 

Erirus, IN THE WEST-, 

ERN DlSTRI! [, 

Coach three times a week., 
Chatham early on 
rhe morniiijj! of Sunday, 

edni H lay and Friday. 
Turiiiil.il to Milc-\ 

Chatham (Raleigh 

P. O.) I ll 

Cook s Corners, 

;iosed P.O.) 7 
Erieus !> 2H . 



68 



SCOBIE & BAL FOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 



17. Brantford, Paris 22. St. Thomas aiidjStrathroy and Katesville; Toronto to 
and Princeton, I.NJ Amherstburgh, IN] from Amiens the distance Berlin 



Miles.] 



THE BROCK DISTRICT. 

Coach daily to Paris -. 
three times a week to 
I riaceton, Monday, Wed- 
aes lay and Friday. Leaves 
.irantford at half-past 8 a. 



THE WESTERN DISTRICT. 

Coach three times a- week. 
Leaves St. Thomas ai 3 p. 
in. on Tuesday, Thursday 
and Saturday ; leaves Airf- 



vvill then he 
Toronto to 



Petersburg 8 88! 



32. Gait and Ayr, IN 

THE GORE DISTRICT. 



Brantlbrd 7H 

Paris 7 77 

Princeton 9 8(5] 

18. Brantford and 

St. George, IN THK! 
GORE DISTRICT. 

Coach three times a week. 

Leaves St. George at 1.0 a.m. 

on Tuesday, Thursday and 

Saturday; leaves BranlforU; 

at noon, and arrives at St. 

icorge at 3 p. m. 

Toronto to Miles. 

Brantford 70 

St. George 10 80 



Amiens 14? 

Strathroy 5 ]f>2 

Katesville 4 156 

j Coach, three times a week.j 

herstburgh_at 2 p.m. on -27. JLonisville and Leaves Ayr at 8 a.m. on ! 

Port Sarnia, IN THE Tuesday, Thursday and Sa-j 
WESTERX DISTRICT. turday ; leaves Gait at 21 

p.m. sanic days. 



n. and arrives at Branttbrd Tuesday, Thursday and f\i- 
tt halt-past5 p. in. Iturday. (Daily to St.Thomas 

Toronto to Miles. la. London vide No. 13.) 



is may be after the arrival day and Saturday. 
of the Eastern mail ; leaves Toronto ta 



Toronto to Miles. 
St. Thomas. . . .142 

Fingal 5 147 

Port Talbot. ... 4 151 

Tyrconnel 7 158 

Aidborough .... II. 10!) 

Clearville 175 

Howard 7 182 

Erieus 24 2ii6 

Romney 14 220 

Mersea 9 220 

Gostield 9v>!- 

Colchester 12 230 

Ainherstbiirgh.... 12 2^52 



Coach, twice a week. 
Leaves Louisville at 8 a.m. 
on Monday and Thursday ;; 
leaves Port 8am ia at 8 a.m. 1 
on Tuesday and Friday. SS.Guclpli & Oweil fs 



Toronto to Miles. 

Gait 70 

Ayr 13 83 



Sound, IN THE WEL 
LINGTON DISTRICT. 



23. 



19. Brantford aiidj 
VitioriOj IN THE TAL-I 



rich, IN 

DISTRICT. 



& Godc- 

THE HURON 



Coach or horseback, twice 



BOT DISTRICT. la week. Leaves London 

at 9 a.m., or after arrival 

Coach daily (Sundays ex-lot Kasiern mail, on Monday 
i p ed). Leaves Brantlbrd arid Friday, leaves Gode- 
u 1:2 midnight, or as soon rich at 5 a." in., on Wednes- and Guelph at I a.m. .which 



Toronto to Miles. 

Louisville 188 

Dawn Mills. ... JO JO 

Wallaeeburgh. . . 18 21(> On Horseback, weekly.! 

.Moore 22 aSHLeavw Guelph at a.m. on 

Port Sarnia. . . . 10 248|Wednesday; leaves Owen s 
[Sound at ! a.m. on Satur- 
28. Hamilton and day. . 

IN THR \VKL- Toronto to Mites. i 

Guelph 86 

Elora 13 99 j 

Fergus 3 102 1 

Artinir 10 121. 

Norman by 11 132i 

Bentinck 15 1-17 

Sullivan 12 1591 

Own s Sound... . 14 1731 



Miles. 



Vitioria at II a. in. 1 /on ion 129 

Toronto to Miles. MsGillivray .... 22 I5i 

Kraiitford 70 Hay 8 15! 

Mohawk, (Mount Tnrkersmith. . . . 20 170 

Pleasant) 5 75 

Oakland 5 80 

Watcrford 6 Sli 24. McGillivray and 

Simcoe 8 94 

Port Dover 7 101 

Vittoria 8 100 

on 



Goderich 10 J89 



Williams, IN 

LONDON DISTRICT. 



Horseback, weekly 
20. Simcoo and Bay.l Monday. 
ham, IN THE LONDON Toronto to Miles. 



LINOTO.N DISTRICT. 

Coach daily. Mail leaves! 
Hamilton at 8 p.m., and ar- 
rives at Guelph about4 a.m.- 
Leaves Guelph at 4 p.m., 
and arrives at Hamilton) 
about 12 midnight. 

There is also a day conch 

leaving Hamilton afr a.m., 34, StaiiiiS -oj and 

f 1 11 suit vi He, IN THE; 
NIA<;AK\ DISTRICT. 



DISTRICT. 
Coach, three times a week. 
Twice via Port Burwell, 
and once via Middleton. 
Toronto to SfiUs. 

Simcoe 94 

Vittoria 7 

Xormandale (For 
ges) 4 

Waliingham (St.. 

Williams) .... 7 
Port Rowan 
Houghton. . 
Port Jiurvvell 



101 

105 



Conch throe times a week. 
Leaves Preston at 3 a. m. 
in Tuesday, Thursday and 
Saturday ; leaves Goderich 
25. JLoiidoii & Porlj tt7 p.m. on Sunday, Tues- 



McGillivray . . ..151 
Williams .". 10 161 



carries a mail in winter. 
Toronto to M:les.\ 

Hamilton 45 | Coach three times a week. 

Dund;is 3 50 Leaves Hamilton at 8 a.m.,! 

\Vest riamboro . . 3 53|on Monday, Wednesday and 

Sheffield lit (t) Friday ; leaves Dnnnville: 

Gait 7 71! at a. m., on Tuesday, 

Preston 3 73 Thursday and Saturday. 

" Toronto to Miles. 

Hamilton 40 

Glanford 9 55 

*Senec.a (Caledonia 

Bridge) (il 

York 6 67 

Indiana 3 70 

Canboro 13 H3 

Dnnnville 8 91 



Guelph 13 86 

29. Preston <fc Gode 
rich, IN TUB: HURON 
DISTRICT. 



Sarnia, i.v THE WEST-; day and Thursday. 



ERN DISTRICT. 



Coach three times a week. 
Leaves London at 10 a. m. 
!or after arrival of Eastern 
7 112 mail, on Monday, We<i 
. 4 lieldayandFriday; leave* Port j 
. 8 121 Sarnia at 10 n. m. Tuesday, 
.10 134 Thursday and Saturday. 



Toronto to 



Miles. 



Vienna 3 1.37 Toronto to 

Bayhain(Richin d) 8 145; London 
; Lobo. . 

21. JBrautt ord and! Amiens 
St. JTwoissax, IN T^K 
LONDON DISTRICT. 



Miles. 
129 

ID 130 
8 147 
7 1.11 



Adelaide 

Warwick ...... 12 Hi: - 

Port Ham i a .... 24 190 



Conch, three times a week. 
Ivaves Brantford at 1.2 mid- 
uipht, or after arrival of the 26. Adelaide an3 
Eastern mail : and St. Tho-i K.atPSVle, IN Tin 
mas at. O.j a in. on Tuesday! LONDON Disruirr. 
and Thursday, and in the! 

[evening on Saturday. Coach twice a week. 

Toronto to Miles, lyavos Aik-l-ijde at am. 

Brantford 70 on Tuesday and Saturday, 

Bnrford 9 70 and returns same d:iys. 

Norwich 14 03 Toronto to Miles. 

Otterville 7 100; Adelaide 1H 

Dereliam 7 107; Strnthroy 7 161 

Bayham 13 122 Katcsville 3 164 

Aylmer 8 no 

St. Thomas I 1 - 142 It is proposed to serve 



Preston 73 

New Aberdeen.. . 7 80 
Wilmot, (Hayes- 

ville) ." . . 10 9 

Stratford 17 107 

Mitchell 12 110 

McKillop 13 132 

Tuckersniith. ... 8 140 
Goderich 10 151 

30. Preston & Wool 
wich, IN TIIFAVliLMNG- 
TON DISTRICT. 

Coach thme times a week. 
Woolwich nt G a.m. 
Wednesdaj 
and returns 



* From Hamilton to Port 
Dover via Serier. i, a dis-j 
tance of 39 miles, by the; 
Planked Road, a daily mail] 
has been applied for, and 
new offices proposed at 
Oneida and Jarvis. 



on 



M<>- 

iiii i Friday, 
same days. 
Toronto to 
Preston 



.Miles. 
7 i 



Berlin 7 



Waterloo . 
Woolwich. . 



3 S3 
7 Si- 



i. Berlin and Pe 
tersburg , l.NTHKWliL- 
LINOTON DISTRICT. 

Weekly, on horseback. 



35. Dnnnville and! 
Port Maitland. IN; 

THE NIAGARA DISTRICT. 



Daily, in 
both ways. 
Toronto to 

Dnnnville 

Port Maitlnml 



the evening?, 



.91 



901 



36. ^t. 
aii<l DtinTlllel 

Tin: Xi .n.\R\ DISTRICT, j 

Daily coach. Leaves St.! 
Catharines at 8 n. m. arid 
Dunnville at 6 a. in. 



Tvrnntn to 



Miles. 



*:- t. Cathartnes.. .Ki 

Tborold 4 87 

Allenlmrch 4 PI 

Port Robinson. . . 3 5>4 

* S3 via Hamilton End 47 
" i 



SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 



69 



Merrittsvtlle .... 5 

Port Col borne ---- 8 

Marshville ...... 9 

Broad Creek Lock 9 
Dunnville ...... 7 



Miles. 
94 
09 
107 
H 
l->o 
13-2 



37. Port Uobinson 
to C r o w I a n d, 
(Cook s .Mills.) 

Daily. 
Toronto to Miles 

Port Robinson 94 

Crow-land, (Cook s 
Mills) 3 97 

138. St. Catharines 
Port I>alJiousie, 

THE NIAGARA DISTRICT. 



Leaves Port Dover at 7 a.m. 
on Friday ; leaves Dunn 
ville at? a.m. ou Saturday. 
Toronto to Miles. 

Dunnville 81 

Rainham 9 100 

Wai pole (Stoney 

Creek) 9 109 

Nanticoke 8 117 

Port Dover 8 1-25 



40. Queeiistou and 
fort Erie, IN THE 

iKA DISTRICT. 



On horseback, six times 
week to Chippewa, and 



jthree times to Fort Erie. 



Daily. Leaves St. Catha 
rines iu the morning, and 
i returns in the afternoon. 
; Toronto to Miles. 

I St. Catharines. . . .83 

Port Dalhousie.. . . J 



39. Bimiiville ami 
Port Hover, IN THE 

TALBOT DISTRICT. 



Leaves Q,ueenston daily, 
the afternoon, returning the 
next morning early. Thi.- 
route is regulated by the ar 
rival and departure of the 
American Frontier Mails. 

Toronto to Miles. 

*Queenston 08 

Drummondville 

(Niagara Falls) 7 105 



* 98 via Hamilton -by the 
Ou horseback, weekly. Niagara Steamer, 42. 



105 i 

tChippawa 3 108; 

Stevensville 8 110 

Fort Erie (Water 
loo Ferry) .... 3 12 



Miles. 42. Fort Eric, Point 



Abino, a nil Port 
Co! borne, IN TIIK NI-! 

AGARA DlSTRrCT. 

On horseback, twice ai 
Iweek. Leaves Port Col-. 
IThe above is the nail borne at! a. m. on Monday 

route; but a shorter, and ; and Thursday ; leaves Fort 
the usual route for travel- Erie at 2 p. in. on Monday 
ers from Hamilton, is from am! Thursday. 
St. Catharines to Chippa- Toronto to Miles. 

wa direct, instead of going Fort Erie 124 

round by Queenston. Point Abino .... 11 135 

Port Colborne. . . 11 140, 

41. Cliippawa ami 43. Toronto and 
Cauboro , IN THE Ni-i Hamilton, IN 

AARA DISTRICT. GORE DISTRICT. 



Horseback, twice a \vcek. 
Leaves Chippavva at 8 a.m.,! 
on Tuesday and Friday ;| 
leaves Candors at 6 a. m., 
on Wednesday and Satur 
day. 
Toronto to Miles. 

Chippawa 1O 

Port Robinson ... 3 1JG 

Pelham 4 120 

St. John s 4 124 

We land Port ... 10 J31 
Canboro 10 114 



(Lake Shore Routs.) 
Leaves Toronto daily, at 

8 a. m. ; leaves Hamilton 

daily at 8 a. in. 
Via Cooksville, &.C. (Sec 

Page 60.) 

Toronto to Miles. 

Credit (via Cooks- 

ville) 19 

Oakville ; 11 3d 

Bronte 4 34 

Wellington Square. !> 4-< 
Hamilton S 50 



This being the first attempt to furnish Tables of Routes throuizh Canada, we have experienced considerable j 
difficulty in preparing them. We trust that the preceding information will not only prove generally useful, Lutj 
also afford evidence that our elfurts have been so far successful. We have to acknowledge, with gratitude, Uie 
cordial assistance which we received through the Post Office Department, and the readiness with which all 




such as that of the Post Office, changes are continually occurring, by the formation of new, and the shortening ot ; 
old routes, and the granting of additional Postal facilities in the more frequent transmission of mails ; but, the; 
foregoing Tables furnish the best attainable information of the present state of all the Postal arrangements of; 
Canada; to which are added Tables through the main leading thoroughfare, in New Brunswick and Nova] 
Scotia, guiding the traveller from the foot of Lake Superior to the Seaboard at Halifax, besides conducting 
him into all the inland places in Canada, to which mails are at present carried. Another important end gained: 
by the publication of these Tables, is, that it shews the system pursued by the Port Office Department, ini 
laying out mail routes, and the connection which is maintained throughout between all the routes. It is the, 
best evidence that can be supplied of the arduous task which the Post Office authorities have had to perform,, 
and the systematic and satisfaatory manner in which it has been discharged, keeping pace with the progress 
of the country in settlement, internal improvement of communication, and increase of population and wealth. 
In naming the means, in the loreg . ing Tables, by which the mails are carried, where "Coach" is stated, it 
must be understood to signify a wheeled vehicle, such as is suitable tor the na ure of the particular road on the 
route. On the main roads the re a re car halt s placed, in which travel! ing can be accomplished with comparative 
comfort ; on others, open waggons ; but the experience:! and pel. severing traveller, who does not look for the 
comforts of the paved city road, in the new back woods settlements, can at all times make sure of passing 
over in safety, the beaten track which the post-boy travels all the year round. We would also observe, that in 
some cases the mail route is not a direct one ; this arises from the necessity of going off the slraight line to 
supply certain Post Offices, established for the convenience of particular inland or collateral settlements. The 
traveller will, of course, avoid these deviations from the straight course. The foregoing Tables are the ; 
foundation of a more comprehensive work, which we are now preparing, to serve aa a travellers guide 
through Canada. 

ROUTES IN CANADA. 



In addition to the information contained in the fore-j 
go in 2 postal routes, we submit the following, which. 
although to some extent a recapitulation, will neverthe 
less be found useful to travellers, During the st-ason of 
Navigation, Steamboats ply dnilii (Sundays excepted) 
on LAKE ONTARTO, between the following places, viz. : 
[1.1 Toronto, Niagara, Queenstori, and Lewiston, 43 
miles. (In winter three times a week between these 
places.) [2.] Toronto, Hamilton, and intermediate 
ports, 45 miles. [3.1 Hamilton, Port Dalhousie, Niagara, 
dueenston, and Lewiston, about 50 miles. [4.] To- 
jronto. Port Hope, Cobourg and Kingston, ^calling occa 
sionally at oilier intermediate ports,) 177 miles. [5.] 
Kingston, Picton, and Helleville, on the Bay of Uuinte, 
about 50 miles, [ti. ] Kingston and OSWCL O, about 64 
miles. 17. | On the Unite,! States side of Lake Ontario 
there is also a daily line of *teainers from Lewiston, on 
the Niagara River, toOgdensburgh on the St. Lawrence, 
calling at Youngstown, Rochester, Oswego, (Kingston, 



Canada.) and Sacket s Harbor. The distance frota| 
r.ewiston to Kingston direct is about 161 miles, and to 
Ogdensburgh about 2->> miles. There is, further, Steam- ; 
boat communication three times a week between To-; 
ronto, Cobourg and Rochester ; the distance between, 
Toronto and Rochester direct is aboutOa miles, and that) 
between Cobourg ami Rochester about 09 miles. There is 
:;al communication by Steamboat between To-, 
ronto and )swego. about 140 miles -, and the probability 
is, that there will be a regular line of steamers placed; 
upon this route on the completion of the Oswego ami 
Syracuse Railroad, as it will then be the shortest and 
ea.-ie.-r for travellers between New York, Boston, &c.,| 
and Canada West, and very much the shortest andi 
easiest for parties proceeding to the Mining stations en 
Lakes Huron and Superior.. (See the Postal routes be 
tween Toronto, Penetanguishene, and tne SaultSte. j 
Marie, in the foregoing Tables.) Between the following) 
places on Lake Ontario, tlie distances are, Kingston to 



70 



SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 



Rochester, about 105 miles : Cobourg to Oswego, about 
.Oil miles; Hamilton to Rochester, about 124 miles: 
Hamilton to Oswego, about 109 miles. The Steamers 
above alluded to, connect with the lines of Railroad 
at Queenston, Lewis-ton, Rochester and Oswego, and 
with the Steamers on the River St. Lawrence, and the 



iRideau Canal at Kingston. 
,taineci distances : 

(Steamboat.) 
: Toronto to Miles. 

Lewiston 43 

(Railroad.) 

Ruffalo 31 7! 

Rochester 7 

Auburn 7S 2i> 

Syracuse 2f> 2.r2 

tltica 53 395 

Albany 94 399 

(Steamboat.) 
New York 147 54t> 



The following are asc.er- 

( Steamboat.) 

Toronto to Miles. 

Oswego ....... 140 

(Railroad.) 
Syracuse ...... 35 175 

Albany ....... 147 3J 

(Steamboat.) 
New York ..... 147 Hi! 



Toronto to (Steamboat.) 

Rochester J. j 

(Railroad.) 

Albany 251 346 

( Steamboat.) 

New York 147 493 

Showing the Oswego route to be 77 miles less than that 
;by Lewiston. and 24 miles shorter than that by Roches 
ter direct ; and the Rochester route to be 53 miles shorter 
| than that by Lewiston. In consequence of there being 
MO daily steamer between Toronto and Rochester, and 
no regular steam communication between Toronto and 
Oswego, and the speedy ai;d regular transit of passen 
gers by Railroad, the "Buffalo and Lewiston route is 
generally taken by travellers. 

New York to Toronto, via Oswego, .... 469 
Sault Ste. Blarie, via Penetauguishene, ... 409 



The distance, by Railroad, between Albany and Boston 
is 200 miles. 

On the RIVER ST. LAWRENCE there is a daily lino of 
Steamers between Kingston, Montreal, and intermediate 
;olaces. l!> a miles ; and a continuous daily line between 
Montreal, Quebec, and intermediate places, ISO miles. 

Between Kingston. Bytown, and intermediate places. 



From Montreal to the United States, the Summer 
route is across the St. Lawrence to baprairie, thence 
by Railroad to St. Johns, and thence hy Steamboat, 
through Lake Champiaiu to Whitehall, from whence: 
the traveller proceeds by Coach to Saratoga Springs, or 1 
Troy, at his option. From Saratoga to AJbany |-,vj 
Railroad : and from Troy or Albany to New Yorl; Li 
the Hudson River Steamer.* ; and to Boston by RaikGad". 

The Winter route is b\- Stages from Montreal via 
Laprairie and St. Johns, to Highgate, Vt., thence 
Burlington to Troy, or by Plattsburg to Saratoga, and 
from thence by Railroad to Albany and BostOiK And, 
from Albany to New York, by the Kausntonic Railroad 
as far as Bridgeport, and from thence, a distance of ( !) 
miles, by Steamho.it to New York. The distance be 
tween Montreal and New York is about :-!-< miles: and 
between Montreal arid Boston about -1 rJ miles. 

On LAKE ERIK there are daily Steamboat communi- 
cations to all points. (1.) From Chippawa [Canada]! 
to Buffalo, about 1-! miles. (>.) Hutf alo to Chicago, 
through Lake Krie, the Detroit River, Lakes St. Clalr, 1 
Huron and Michigan. 



Distances. 



Miles. 



Distances. 



Mites. 
Buffalo to Cleve- Port Sarm a. ... 7-j ;j9fl> 

land 191 Maekinac . . . .247 t>4<> 

Sandnsky 58 249 1 Milwaukie ... . 277 oas, 

Detroit 7S 3271 Chicago 90 lui3i 

(3.) Steamers also ply between Buffalo and Detroit, 
along the Canada shore ol Lake Erie; and they con- 
nect with a Steamer that runs from Brantford, (a towni 
17 miles distant from Hamilton, in the interior ot thei 
Province,) down the Grand River, by Caledonia w; 
Dunnville, at its mouth, on Lake Erie. They connect: 
also with another Steamer that runs from Chatham, 
(an inland town in the Western District,) down the 1 
River Thames, to Windsor, Detroit, Sandwich, and 



Aiiihersthurgli, on Lake Erie. 






Diefancrs. 



Fort Rowan 1~> 105 

Port Stanley .... 4(1 14.>i 
Detroit ItiO 3051 



Buffalo to Dnnn- 
vifle 40 

Port Dover .... 45 85 

Port Ryerse 5 , . 

To enumerate further, or to enter upon the many 

about 12 I miles, on the RIDEAO CANAL, Steamers ply tijtir interesting subjects w!ii -|, surest themselves, in con- 1 
times a week ; and between Montreal, Bytown.aiid in- nection with tiiis magnificent portion of British North! 
termed late places, about l 2 l miles, on the OTTAWA America, would require very much more space than 
RIVKR, there is daily communication by Steamboat, the little volume, lor which it is our privilege to write, 
the distance of nine miles, from .Montreal to Lichine, affords us. We uii;st. therefore, bring iiic-sv memoranda 
tHng performed by Railroad. There is also dnily in- t a close, by briefly drawing attention to tlie additional 
municatiou, bySfages and Steamboats, between Hytofrn facHil}M for travelling, particularly the cheap and 
and Portage d i Fort, on the Ottawa, about 00 Pii; v transmission of Immigrants and Merchnndi/.e, 

Tliese routes are thoroughfares for travellers, and it which is now atibrded hy the recent construction of thei 
will be observed that they are all so arranged that parties St. Lawrence Canal, and enlargement of the Wetland; 
~.an not only travel through Lake Ontario, the River St. Canal. Steam Propellers now load at Quebec, and 
Lawrence, the Rideau Canal, and the Ottawa, at a proceed to Chicago direct, or to any port on Lakes 
moderate expense, but also pass from one to the other of Ontario, Krie, Huron, and Michigan, wiih far greater: 
these, with the greatest roml ortand expedition, viewing ease, and even less risk than is usually encountered! 
the whole of the magnificent country and scenery tra- etween Leitli and London, or Glasgow and Liverpool.! 
versed by them. (This fact need only be known to induce Emigrant.*. 

From Toronto, by LAKE HURON, the Northern route from Europe, destined for the Western parts of America, 
deserves more particular notice. Travellers proceed in to choose the route of the St. Lawrence ; for they will 
Coaches along the Macadamized Road to Lake Simcne. not onlv be sure of havimr cheap pass -ge. MM! com-i 
which they cross by Steamboat, and having passed the fortahle vcs-els in which to proceed to their destination,; 
nortageof about 14 miles, from LakeSimcoeto Sturgeon but they wil also escape from becomina the victims of| 
Bay, on Lake Huron, ( which is done in Coaches. ) they the wholesale system ot plr.nder and robbery, which is! 
igain embark on board a Steamboat, which brings them practised every year upon unfortunate Immigrants, att 
through Lake Huron to the Siult Ste. Marie, at the t ooi New York. Albany, P-uO rilo, and other places, on their 
if Lake Superior, the distance from Toronto to the passage up the Hudson River and the Erie Canal, in 
Sault, by the route thus travelled, being only 109 miles. ;the State of New York. 

Electro-Magnetic Telegraph. 



Lines of Magnetic Telegraph are established in 
"anada, which afford the means of instantaneous 
.omtnunication, between nil places so united. They 
ire extensively used for private correspondence, and 
>y the Press for News Reports. Between Toronto, 
Montreal, and Quebec, there is a continuous line, on 
which Corresponding Offices areestablished, at Toronto, 
Os-hawn, Port Hope, Cohotirg, Belleville, Kiniston, 
Brockville, Prescott, Cornwall. Montreal, Three Rivers, 
ind Quebec. An extension of the li;i" is in progress 
if construction, from Quebec to Halifax, which is 
ilready completed and in operation upwards of 200 
uiles below Quebec, having Corresponding Offices at 
Riviere du Loup arid Trois Pistoles. From Montreal 
!hp Telegraph is extended to the United States via 



[Troy, there being a Corresponding Office at St. Johns, 
on Lake Champiain. 

From Toronto there are Telegraphic lines Westward.; 
on which there are Corresponding Offices established] 
at Toronto, Hamilton, St. Catharines. Queenston,: 
Niagara, Falls of Niagara. Chippawa, liranttbrd, 
Woodstock, and London; and the-<e are in immediate 
connection with the United States, via Buffalo. 

The connection with the United States Telegraphs 
all jrds The advantage of communicating with all parts 
of the Union, where Tclcirraphs arc established, East 
ward to New York, Boston, &c., Southward to New 
Orleans, and Westward to Detroit, and places inter 
vening between those severally named, with the 
prospect of further extension. 



SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 



Atlantic Steam and Sailing Packets 

The British American Steam Ships ply regularly 
during the year between Liverpool, Halifax, Boston, 



in: i N>\Y Vork ; from 1st April to 1st December weekly: 
.INI! Uie other four months of the year once a fortnight: 
>nvi:i:r Liverpool on Saturdays, and Roston ann New 
York, "alternately, 6ti wedriesd&js; calling at Halifax. 



.o land and receive mails aud passengers. 
noMev. SS1-2D. 



connecting with the British West India steamers : Ha 
lifax. N. S., North Sydney, C. B., and St. JohB, New 
foundland ; Shediac," N. li., Charloitetpwn, P. E. I., 
and Pictou, N.S.: St. John, New Brunswick, andBoston ; 
and New York, Havana, and New Orleans. 
New Vork and London Sailing Packets, weekly. 

- 



, 

From New York on liie 1st, Mil, loth, aud -24th ; trom 
London on the 5th, Kith, -21st, and -2Mh ; and from 



J be United States Steam Ships ply once a montli 



between America and Europe ; leaving Bremen Oil the 



loth ; and .-vjuthampton and New York, on the 2l)th of 



Steamers ply between Bermuda and New York, 




1 



LJUIluvlJ VJ 11 I i(j "tiii .. , 

Portsmouth on the 1st. i-iti, loth, and _;24th, of every! 
nioniii tiirouirhccu tile \ear. I assrtgi-, &7o. 
New York .and Liverpool Sailing Packets from each 1 

- ; * * ; 20th of every 

,v York, 25. 
second line, 
every 



EDUCATIONAL 

Department of Common Schools Upper Canada. 




Upper Canada, should be made through the Education 
Office, otherwise .hey are referred 



to the Chief 
Superintendent to be brought before His Excellency 



do. : John Sniutster, do. do. 

Number of Teachers trained in the Provincial Nor 
mal School, during the first session, ending 15th April,) 



through the proper Department. i- i-- (i - males. 

BOARD OF F.UUCATION. I*>- :;"""? <" e T^tdeT Total ^ 

TheHon. Sam l Bealy Hnr .-Home District 1 r |- ^arfhK^, comm cin g 15th May 

4^ "T^ r"rv X> n^rr Jii r?p * nd 15th November, an.! continuing five months eac.h.j 
^^^\^^^J^, " students not admitted after the first week of Session. 



Grasett, A.M.; His \v"jrshi[) the Mayor of Toronto; 
, Joseph C. Morrison, AT. P. P.. Hush Scobie, and James 

t Howard. J. Georse Hodgins, Recording C tcrk. 
.i)avsof Meeting Tuesdays, at 10 o clock, a.m. All 

municatioiis intendel for the Roard of Education, 

ito be addressed to t uperintendent of Schools. 

PROVINCIAL NORMAL SCHOOL. 
Under the rnnmgement of the Board of Education. 



Applications for admission through the General Super 
intendent. 

STATISTICS OP COMMON SCHOOLS IN UPPFR CAKADA 
IN- 1-4?. No. of Schools, 27-27 
lative aid Z -i.Uil i 10s. ?id. 
Xij,: . : Rate Bills, jE3o,(!]9 15s. Kljd. ; A 

.hers, 3 -. l.i vest 

. Teachers 3033, males 2370, fe .>ool 



Pupils. 121, ~:ii : Le-- -;<- 
District Assessments, | 



in; 



i or the instruction an.) training of (male and" fculte)|Secti Grammar and Private Schools, li 

Common S.-iioul Teachers. Is r dere in, 3.331 ; School and PuMic Libraries, -( :. 

The Rev. - m, D.D., Chief Superintend- Volumes therein, !M,t44ii. Children of School 

ent of Schools, General Supertnlematnt ; Thomas Jaf- Upper Canada, ^30,97o. 

D^par<ment of Common 

| J. B. Meilleur, M. D., Superintendent of Edu, 
J. P. H. Boucher, Secretary; Win. S. U illiams, Cltrk. 
.Education Office Xo. 40, Notre Dame Street, Mon- 
| treal. 

No. of Schools under the control of Commissioners, 

3Hth June, 1M7, ItHl ; Dissentient, -21-, Total, 163-2. No. 

of Pupils attending School* under the control of the Com- 



Ncljools, tiotvcr Canada. 

missioner?, 0-2,51-2 -. No. under Dissentient, 739 ; Total. 
,i >3.-2-l. No. of Municipalities which have received 
i- shire of the 1. School Grant, - 2-V,i ; No. 

iiave not receive! it, K> ; Total. :Wd. Share of 
the Legislative School Grant of JEflO.OOO, apportioned 
!o t!ii> VIM. "is municipalities in Lower Canada 
iyear 1-40-7, JC-2;.0(. -. 



UNIVERSITIES. 

University of Kinff s College, Toronto. 

His Excellency the Riaht Hon. the Karl of Elain and Anatnnw nnd Phi/siolnjfu; John King, M. D., Professor t 
Kincardine, K. T., Governor General of British North of t/te Theory and Practice of Medicine; William: 
Ami-rica, &c.. Ciinnccfiur ; The Hi! 1 imont, F.R.C.S. En^., Prof, of the Principles ami 

Queen s Beocrj,.Fmf<rs; The Rev.John McCaul.LL.D., I mciim of Surgery; Scarce Herrick, M. !>., Pr^f. <t 
-Prt Ment. Corsrir, T llor; 1 lie Presi -n of Women and Children : VV. B.j 

Rev James Beaven, D. D., /ro/.^./r cf VJj c/HfVi/. Nicol, frqf. of Mulerin. Medico, and Pharmacy i, 
. ; Henry II. Croft, Pr< ( Clif.mistru, 4-r . .- Henry Sullivan, M.R.C.t-. En-., Prof, nf Practical 

William C. (Jwynnf, .M. "it., Prut.^.-m- (if .-l/ ntoi;.. *" Anatomical end rnllmi, 

&(C. ; John K in . , . M.I) . ?; \Villiai ,- Rev. Robert Murray, Prof, of Matin ; 

Beaumont. F. K. 1 ^., KI IL .. I r.ifexsor of Sin- \nlural Pktiotpky ; Lucius O Brien, M. D., Pro/.! 

The Hon. the Speaker ct the Leuislutive Council ; The <>f Medi< . i-L.n., Prof.. 

Hen. the Speaker of the II Tbe.of Law and Jurisprudence ; J. M. Ilirschfelder, He- ] 

Attorney General, Canada \Vcst: The Solicitor General, br 

Canada West; The Principal of Upper Canada Col- Tbe Academical Terms are three Michaelmas (Oct. 
lio\v, M. D., Reffiftrtir and Bursar. 5th to DC - ) : Hilary (Jan. 7th to March 31. 

[ HI Rev. John McCaul, 1,L.U., Professor in (April 16th to July 20th,, 1849) ; and 

Literature, rieltfs L<-tlre*, ttketdric and i. Tenninal Dues, payahle by indents in tr.e - acultv 

Hi v. James Beaven, I). I)., Jlcan, Professor of JJirhiit:/. ul" Arts, are \ currency, including all charges for 
Metaphysics and Moral PkUotop/iy ; Henry Holmes tuition. J lie Medical session extends over Michael 
Croft", Proctor, Professor of Clictniftri/ an:! Er.peri- and Hilary Terms. 
[mental Philosophy ; \V. C. Gwynne, M. B., Professor of\ Those who are desirous of attending particular ecu 



72 



SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 



of Lectures, although not members of the Uriiversity,jCanada College, and six tor the University. They are. 



may be admitted as occasional students, but such 
attendance will not be regarded as a qualification for a 
degree. 



scholars, exempt! 

In October, 1B46, the College Council established; University schoU: 
iseventy-uvo Scholarships: three for each of the districts! lege of rooms a 

I Jito wit \f.\i T j ni if^r Onnsarla i ^ /IITT!/-)*!/! t-!v + /-. IT,,,, -,. i.^ .. n .. :_*:... ,.!-. 



tenable for three years; and the advantages to be enjoyed 
during that period are, by the District and 17. C. College 
scholars, exemption from all dues and Ices ; and by the 



.irs,. in addition to the above, the privi- 

,_ . and commons without charge. The 

into which Lpper Canada is divided, six for UpperExamination takes place in October. 



Upper Canada Colleg-e, Toronto. 

INCORPORATED WITH THE UNIVERSITY OP KING S COLLEGE. 



i"., .LV.CV. 1* . kjicuuei, a. a.., am (HI.; ir. Lie ia iiayc, luarcri. arn uo. from /uui marcn 10 <>ru June, im 
^French Master; M. Barrett, First English Master ,-ldo. From 3rd June to Midsummer Vacation, aboul 
John Gouinlock, 2nd do. ; J. G. Howard, Geotnetrical\&th of August. 




University of Queen s College, Kingston. 

PROFESSORS Principal and Primarius Professor ujjjohn Cook, D. D., Robert Neill, Robert McGill.Profes- 
Dieiuitij Rev. John Machar, D.D. Pruf. of SystentaliclsoT \Villiamson, Professor Urquhait, Professor Romanes 
Theeloa-yRev. James George. Pruf. of Church //is-jand John Barclay, A.M. ; George Malloch, John Mowat, 
tory Rev. Hugh Urquhart, A. M. Prof, iif jlfoi&e- John Thomson and Joseph Bruce ; the Honourables 
Mattel, Logic, aiid Natural Philosophy Rev. James John Hamilton, James Crooks, William Morris, Mr. 
Williamson, A. M. Prvf. of Classical Literature and Justice McLean, Thomas McKay and Peter McGill :, 
Moral Philosophy Rev. George Romanes, A. M. i:. \V. Thomson, Alexander Pringle, John Cameron and 

BOARU OF TRUSTEES Rev. F. A. Harper, Ctetrman,- John Boxton. 

Rev. Professor George, Principal Machar, J. C. Muir, The Session of College lasts for six months, com- 
Johii Cruiksliaiilc, A. M., Alexander Alatliiesoi:, I). I)., mencing 1st October. 

University of TTJcGiil College, Montreal. 

Governors The Governor General -, Bishop of Mon- G. W. Campbell, M.D., Leu. Surgery ; A. Hall, M.D., 

trcal ; Chief Justice, Montreal; Chief Justice, U. C.: " 

i-:. A. Meredith, L.L.B., Principal ; Rev. VV. T. Leach, 
A. M., Vice Principal ; Rev. J. Abbott, A. M., Bursar. 

Prvf. of Divinity ; Rev. VV. T. Leach, A.M., Prof. 

iofGlatnca ,- The Principal, Prnf. of Mathematics ; A. F. 
I Holmes, M.D., Prof of Medicine ; Hon. Win. Badgeley, 
\Lec. Late; Thomas Guerin, Lee. Mathematics ; Rev. 

J. Abbott, Ltc. History ; L. De Montier, Lee. Frenc/i ; 



Lee. Chemistry; M. McCullock, M. D., Lee. Mid- 
tcifenj ; J. Crawford, M. D., Ltc. Chemical Surgery ; 
O. Bruneau, M.D., Lcc. Anatomy . S. C. SewelJ, M.D.,i 
Lee. Materia Medico. ; R. L. McDonnell, M. D., Lee. . 
Institute of Medicine ; Wm. Fraser, M.D., Lee. Medieall 
Jurisprudence; L. Papineau, M. D., Lee. Botany ,-| 
\V. L. Scott, Demonstrator. There are three Terms in 
each year, Michaelmas, Lent and Easter. 



University of Victoria College, Cobourjr. 



! CoLLltOE SENATE Honourable* the President of the^son, A. B., T. C. D., Prof, of Classical Literature. 

Executive Council, the Speaker of the LegislativejWilliam McK. Paddock, A. B., Prof, of Mathematics. 

Council, Speaker of the Legislative Assembly, Attorney William Ormiston, A. B., Prof, of Rhetoric and Mental 

General \Vest, Solicitor Genera! West; Revs. M". ! Philosophy. John Beatty, M. D., Prof, of ffatural\ 
RiChey, I). 1)., Egerton Ryerson, D. 1)., Alexander Mac- Science. 

>Vab, I). [)., Enoch Wood, Anson Green, Tlios. Bevitt.j The Summer Session commences on the third Thurs-l 
jJohn Rycrt-on, Jonathan Scott, Richard Jones, C. Van- ! day in June, and ends on the first Wednesday in Octo- 

lusen, fl. Bjggar and John Beatty, M. 1). . John P. her. The Winter Session continences on the last 
,3oblin and Charles Bis. ar. iThursday in October, and ends on the first Wednesday 

FACULTY Rev. Alexander NacNab.D.D., President in May. 

umi Pruf. of T/iecltia-ij and Moral Science. John Wil- 

KBJOX S College, Toronto. 

,:S*ORS Rev. Michael Willis, D. D., Theology; Rev. William Rintoul, A.M., Hebrew 4- ibl:cal\ 
i ; Rev. Henry Esson, A. M., Mural Philosophy and General History ; Rev. Alexander Gale, A. M., 
at Literature. 

Toronto Academy. 

Kev. Alexander Gale, A. M., Principal; Rev. T. Wisrhtman, First Master; Thomas Kenning, Second; 

Master; J. Jamieson and George Wardrope, Assistants; M. Deslandes, French Muster ; Drattiltf\ 

Muster. Terms 1st September to 17th NoveiiU cr ; 19th November to 10th February ; l 2th February to 1st! 
.May -, and May to 12th July. 

Hisnop s College, Licnnoxville. 

Rev. J. Nicholls, Principal. PROFESSORS E. Chapman, A. B., Classics; Rev. J. Uellmuth, Hebrew; R.| 
Mill.,, M.A., Alulfiemalics. 

Diocesan Theological College, Cobourg. 

The Venerable the Archdeacon of York, President ; Rev. J. B. 15. Worrell, Assistant Lecturer. 

College of ICegiopolis, Kingston, 

Under the direction and authority of the Roman Catholic Clergy of the Diocese. 

Congregational Theological Institute, Toronto. 

Tutor Rev. Adam Lillie. Treasurer Rev. John Ebbs, Robert Robinson ; Messrs. Freeland, Marlingj 
Rf.af. Sccictnr/1 Rev. Edward Ebbs. 
CUM MI TI tx lievs. John llouf, Adam Lillie, Edward 



and George Wightuian. 



Tlieological Institute of United Presbyterian Chnrcli, Toronto. 

Rev. William Proudfoot, Superintendent ; Period of Study in Theology for Licentiates, four years. Two 
Sessions in each year, of live months each. 

Canada Baptist College, Montreal. 

Rev. J. M. Cramp, D. D. t President; Rev. F. Bosworth, Classical Tutor; Joseph Wenham, Treasurer, 



SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 



73 



C LEHG Y. 

VV N^ % / VVVN^- 1 /Vl^VVVV^V -V^\/V\X^^ -W-xrt^ 

UNITED CHURCH OF ENGLAND AND IRELAND. 



Bishop s Ojfrcial- 



Diocese of Quebec. 

Lor-i Bishop of Montreal and Archdeacon of Quebec, Right Rev. GJ. Mountain, D. D. 
Rev! G. Mackie, D. D. Private Secretary-Rev. A. W. Mountain, A. B. 

Quebec BishO ) of Montreal, Cathedral, Upper; Andrews WM. Abbott. Gore Wm. McMaster. Gren- 
Tnwn G Cowell A. M., Chaplain to the Forces, ville on the Ottawa C. Forest. Hull, Aylmer andj 
I W ^e weli Ho lv Trinity. G. Mackie, D. D.jEardley-J. Johnstone. Clarendon F. S. Neve. Vau- 

pq rte VHle cunte and Bishop s Official. R. C. dreuil J. Pyke. Coteau du Lac Wm. Mountain.: 
Pleps "k Peters C L F lleansel. G. Cornwall, Huntingdon Win. Morris. Ormstowu and Chateau- 1 
Ass slant Curate J Torrance, Point Levy. guay Win. Brethour. Laprairie, Longueuil, &c. R. 

Valcarticr Lake Beaufort, StonehamE. C. Perkins.iLonsdale. Chambly J. Braithwaite, Rector; J. P. 
St Svlvester and St Giles W. King. Leeds A. T. 1 White. Assistant. Lacolle C. Morice. Sherrington 
Whitten Umer Ireland, Inverness and part of Hali- H. Hazard. Christies Manors M. Townsend. St.i 
t - _ Riviere du Loup E. G. W. Ross Armand, West R. Whitwell. St. Armand, East 

|J. Reid. Stanbridge J.Jones. Farnham Win. Jones. 
DISTRICT OF THREE RIVERS. Dunham Flats C. C. Cotton. Colebrooke, Brorne and 

Three Rivers S. S. Wood, M. A. Riviere du LouplSutton J. Scott. Shetlbrd A. Balfour. Granby G. 

and Lake Maskinonge N. Guerot. Nicolet II. Bur- Hack. Abbotsford T. Johnson; Assistant and Mis- 
"es DrummondviUe, Grantham, VVickham, and part sionary at Rougement F.Robinson. Soiel Wm.An- 
Sf Durham G. M. Ross, District of Montreal. durson. 

Montreal-J. Bethune, D. D., Rector. W. A Adam- DISTRICT OF ST. FRANCIS. 

son, A.M. Jacob Ellegood. W. T. Leach, A. M., St. Kingsey J. Butler. Tingwick . Ship- 

iGeor^e. N. D. Campbell, Trinity Chapel. John Irwin, ton J. EVF. Simpson. Lennoxvillc L. Doolittle andi 
ISt. Thomas. D. Falloon, St. Amies. D. Robertson, J. Nichols. Sherbrooke J. Hellmuth. Eaton J. Tay- 
Cliaplain to the Garrison. Edward Rogers, Chaplain lor. Robinson J. Kemp. Compton C. P. Reid, 
to the Military Prison, St. Helen s. i Hatley C. Jackson. 

Rawdon, Kildare and Ramsay C. Rollitt. Mas- DISTRICT OF O.VSPE. 

conch, New Glasgow, Paisley, Kilkenny and Terre-; Gaspe Bay F. Arnold. Cape Cove, Perce and Mat 
bonne J. Flanagan. Upper and Lower Lachine W.j Bay R. Short. New Carlisle, Bay Chaleurs, Paspebiac, 
M Bond. St. Martins, Isle Jesus Mr. Young. St.; Hope Town and Port Daniel G. Milne, M. A. 

In all 130 Congregations and 1J Clergymen. 
There are other Clergymen who, though they have not any distinct charge, yet officiate in several places 
within the Province ; one is a French Protestant Missionary. 

Diocese of Toronto. 

Ltrd Bishop of Toronto The Honorable ami Risiht Reverend John Strachan, D.D,, LL.D. ; Archdeacon of 
Kingston Venerable GeorgeO Kiil Stuart, D.D., LL.D. ; Archdeacon of York Venerable A.N. Bethune, D.D.; 
Examining and Domestic Chaplain and Secretary to the Lord Bishop The Rev. H. J. Grasett, M.A. 



HOME DISTRICT. 

City of Toronto. II. J. Grasett, M. A., Rector and 
Officiating Chaplain to the Forces. R. Mitchell, A. B., 
Assistant Minister of St. James . J. G. U. McKenzie, 
Minister of St. Paul s Church. W. Honywood Riplcy, 
B. A., Minister of Trinity Church. Stephen Lett, 
LL.D., Minister of St. George s Church. Henry Scad- 



ding, M. A., Minister of Church of the Holy Trinity, 
and Chaplain to the Lord Bishop. W. Stennett, M.A., 



Yl ELLINIiTON DISTRICT. 

Guelph, A. Palmer, A. B., Rector ; Travelling Mis 
sionary, Donald Fraser. 

Nl.VHARA DISTRICT. 

Niagara, T. Crcen, Kecior, Officiating Chaplain to 
the Forces, Rev. F. J. Lundy, B. C. L. ; Grimsby, G. R. 
F. Grout, Rector ; Chippawa, Stamford, Uueenston 
and DrummondviUe, \V. Ltvmitiir, Rector ; Thorold, 



Assistant Minister of the hurch of the Holy Trinit y. 



T. B. Fuller, Rector; 



J Rector; St. Catharines, 



Fort Erie, John Anderson, 
F. Atkinson, Rector, A. 



. T r T-i -%r~ -1^ J C \f , rt I *VCl>WJI i OL. ^ (.til 1UI I IICS, .1. 1 . ^JlllVIllDVtl, JXLLIUI, -\. 

John McCaul, L. I, D Vice President of King s Co - |Dison _ A As8istaul Mintaiei ; Louth, G. M. Arm- 
lege. J. Heaven, D. D. Professor ot Umm y, Kmg - , strollp Rccto r . Por t Maitl.uul and Dunnville, Adam 
College. George Maynard,. Mathematical Master, Upper T ^ Settlements on Grand River, B. Cudmore 



Canada College. 
Etobicoke, T. 



Phillips, D. D., Rector ; Toronto 



Township, J. McGrath, M. A., Rector; York Mills, 
Alex.Sanson, Rector -, Streetsvillc, Robert J. Macgeorge; 
ThornHill, U. E. Blake, A. B., Rector , Markhun and 
Vaughan, V.P. Mayerhoffer, M.A., Rector: Newmarket. 



Town ley 

Hill, M. A. ; John Kennedy, Missionary 10 the Mohawk 

Indians ; C. L. Ingles, B. A., Travelling Missionary. 

TALHOT DISTRICT. 

Simcoe, Francis Evans, Rector, George Salmon ; 
J. L. Thomas, Travelling Missionary. 

LONDON DISTRICT. 



S. F". Ramsey M. A. ; Georgina, J. Gibson ; Brock, R. 
Garrett; Whithy, John Pentland, B.A. ; Scarboro , W. 
(Stewart Darling ; Lloydtown, Henry Bath Osier; Chin- 
guacousy, G. S. J. Hill ; Etobicoke/H. Cooper, B.A. 

SIMCOE DISTRICT. Ki ClOr 

Barrieand Shanty Bay, S. B. Ardaah, A.M., Rector ; Flood, M. A 

Tecumseth and WestGwillimbury, F. L. Osier, M. A. ; Tyrconnell, &c., James Stewart ; Missionary lo Man- 
Orillia, John Mclntyre ; Penetanguiehene, Gco. Hal- cey Town Indians, G. C. Barrett, A. B. 
len, B.A.; Travelling Missionary, John Fletcher, A.B. 



London, -B. Cronyn, M. A., Rector, Officiating | 
Chaplain to the Forces; London Township, C. C. 
Brough, A. B., Rector ; St. Thomas, M. Burnham, B.A. tl 
Adelaide,*. Mortimer, Rector ; Carradoc, R.i 
Rector; Port Bnrwell, T. Bolton Reid;i 



GORE DISTRICT. 

Hamilton, J. G. Geddes, Rector, J 
Assistant Minister ; Saltrleet and liinbrook, 
ander ; Ancaster and Dnndas, \Y. .McMurrav, A.M.. 
Rector; Brantford, J. C. Usher, Rector ; Wellington; 
Square, T. Greene, A. B., Rector ; Gait, M. Boomer. 
A. I!. ; Paris, Charles Ruttan ; Oakville, Alex. Pyne, 
.V. B. : Nassau aweya, George Graham ; Missionaries 



BROCK DISTRICT. 

Woodstock, W. Bettridge, li. D., Rector, J. B. Wor- 

,. . rcll, A>si.-t. Minister; Buribrd, A. St G. OaulfciJd,A.B,: 
Vr, ; .vford, Henry Revell, A. B. ; /.orrr:, F. D. Fauquier. 

Hiri .ON jJISTKif T. 

Goderich, R. F. Campbell, M. A. ; Stratford, John 



WESTERN DISTRICT. 



Sandwich, Wiu. Ritchie, Rector ; Aiuherstburgh, F. 



to the Six Nations In iians oil the Grand River, Alira- Mack, Rector and Olficiating ( haplani to the Forces : 

liam Nelles and Adam Elliott; S. L. Arthurton, .Colchester, F. Gore Elliott ; Chatham, 

Travelling Missionary. IRectcr; Warwick, J. Mockridge, Rector ; Walpole 



74 



SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 



llsland, Andrew Jamieson ; Dawn, &c., John Gunne ; Wolfe Island, J. Antisell Allen ; Bath, W. F. S. Har- 

jRaleigh, &c., Francis Win. Sandys ; Plynipton, J. G. R. per, Rector ; Adolphustown, Job Deacon, Rector; Mo- 

[Salter, B. A. hawk and Napanee, Saltern Givins, Rector ; Amherst 

NEWCASTLE DISTRICT Island, John Rothwell, A.B. ; Camden, Louahboro and 

Cobourg, A. N. Bethune, D. D., Beeior.and Chaplain^!^ 1 1>aul Shirle > T W Alle Celling Mis- 

h ort Hope, Jonathan Shortt, Rector; Cavan, Samuel JOHNSTOWN DISTRICT. 

.Armour, Rector; Clarke and Darlm-ton, T. S. Kennedy, : Brockv.lle, E. Denroche, M. A, ; Lamb s Pond, W. 
Rector : Grafton and Colborne, John Wilson ; Port Gunning. A. B., Rector ; Prescott, Robert BlaKey, 
Trent, William Bleasdell, A.M. Rector ; Keniptville, H. McAlpm, Rector ; Travelling 

i\l i inn:irr NntnnniAl vvntKina 



COLBORNE DISTRICT. 



Peterboro , R. J. C. Taylor, M. A., Rector; Emily, ; 
Robert Harding ; Fenelon Falls, R. Sbanklin. 



.Missionary, Nathaniel Watkins. 

BATIIURST DISTRICT. 

Perth, M. Harris, M. A.. Rector ; Carlton Place, J. 
A. Mulock, Rector ; Franktown, J. W. Padiield. Rector; 
Packenham and Fitzroy, Hannibal Mulkins ; Merrick- 



OTTAWA DISTRICT. 



VICTORIA DISTRICT. 

Belleville, John Crier, M.A.; D. Murphy, Trav. Mis.jville, Ebenezer Morris. 

PRINCE EDWARD DISTRICT. DAI.HOI SIE DISTRICT. 

Picton, Win. Macaulay, Rector; Murray, Geo. Bourn, Bytown. S. S. Strong, Rector ; Richmond, John Flood, 
JR. G. Cox, Travelling Missionary. Rector ; March, Matthew Ker. 

MIDLAND DISTRICT. EASTERN DISTRICT. 

e O Kill Stuart D D Rector- Cornwall, Henry Patton, Rector ; Williamsburgh, E. 

Chaplain to the Lord Bishop ; R. V. Rogers, Minister 

of St. James Church, and Chaplain to the Provincial 

Penitentiary; T. H. M. Bartlett, M. A., Officiating! Missionary, F. Tremayne. 

Chaplain to the Forces ;W. GreiL , Minister of St. Paul s Manitoulin Island, F. A. O Meara, LL.D. ; G. A. 

Church; Henry Brent, Minister of St. Mark s Church, Anderson, Missionary to the Indians at Sault Ste. 

Barriefield. Marie. 

CLERGY OF THE PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH OF CANADA, 

IN CONNECTION WITH THE CHURCH OF SCOTLAND. 

Synod meets at Kingston on the llth July, 1849. 

Rev. John Barclay, A.M., Toronto, Moderator of Synod ; Rev. Andrew Bell, Dundas, Synod Clerk ; John 
Cameron, Esquire, Toronto, Synod Treasurer ; Rev. Win. Simpson, Lacliine, Convener of the Synod s French] 
Mission Committee ; Rev. Robert M Gill, Montreal, and Rev. J. Cook, D.D. , U tie bee, Hub- Conveners French 
Mission Committee. 

PRESBYTERY OF GLENGARY. 

Williamstown, John McKenzie, A. M. ; Cornwall, 
Hugh Urquhart, A.M.; Osnahruck, Isaac Purkis ; Wil- 
liamsbur^h, John Dickey, Marti mown, John McLaurin: Esqucsms, Peter Ferguson ; King, John lawse, A.M.; 
Lancaster, Tlios. McPliersun, A.M., Presbytery Clerk , Chinguacongy, Thomas Johnson ; Mono, Alex. Lewis ; 
Dalhousie Mills and Cole St. George, /Eneas McLean -. I oronto, St. Andrew s, John Barclay, A.M., Presbytery 
Vacant Charges, Lochiel, L Ori nal, Finch, Coteau du\ cterk E| i on, John McMurchy ; West Gwillimbury 
Lac, Indian "Lands. Ordained Missionary, William ;uul Innirfil, Alex. Ross; Clarke and Hope, Samuel 
Dunbar Porter; Vaughan, Peter McNaughton, A. M. ; Hornby 

-ind Trafalgar, William Barr ; Scott and Uxbridge, 

PRESBYTERY OF HAMILTON. William Brown ; Scarborough, James George ; Vacant 

Nelson, Win. King; Mount Pleasant, John Bryning :\ (Jharges, Pickering and Wh itby, Toronto Township, 
Clinton, Geo. McClatchey; Niagara, John Cruickshank Oaledon, Newmarket, Markhaiu, Thorah, Darlington, 
A.M.: Goderieh, Alex M*Kid 5 Dtindas aad Ancaater; Nottawasaga and S;;ir.nJale, Brock, Mara Mission- 
Andrew Bell, Prtfbytery Cli-r!; -. l Vri;iis. H. Mair, D.U.-.i.iry, James" Calhoun. 

[GuelptJ, Colin Grigor ; Stratford and North Kasiiiuj.r, PKKSBYTEP.Y OF MONTREAL. 

.William Bell, A. .M. : Gait, J. M. Smith. Vacan i Montreal, St. Andrew s, Alexander Mathieson, D.D.; 
Charges, Hamilton, 8i -I Port Dover, London Montreal, French Church, Kmile Lapelletrie ; Mon- 

iand Westminster. Wr.o lsiock and Norwich, SarniaJtreal, rit. Paul s, Rof ert. McGill ; Dundee, Duncan 

[Ambergtburgb, Ald. ioro , Vannouth, < tnondaga Or-i Mooily ;_Chath im, _Wm. Mair; lieanharnois, Wr. ter 
dained Missionary, John William liaynes. 

PRESBYTERY OF B.VTIIOR^T. 

Beckvvih, John Smith ; Perth, Is Church, William 
Bell, A.M. ; Perth, St. Andrew s, William Bain, A.M.. 
Pre.ibytery Cli-rk : Soinh (Jower, Joseph An-iersun, 
A.M.; Pakenham, Alexander Maim, A. M.: Richmond, 

jbam 



Belleville, Otonabee, Dummer, Asphodel, Percy, Bel- 
moiu Ordained Missionary. Archibald Colquhoun. 



PRESBYTERY OF TORONTO. 



. Presbytery Clerk : Ormstovvn, James Anderson; 
Uuebec, St. Andrew s, John Cook, D.D. ; (Georgetown, 
James C. Muir ; Laciiine, \Villiam Simpson ; Val- 
-.trtier, David Shanks ; ilemiuiiifi/orfi, John Martin ;: 
Laprairie, Jo!m Davidson ; Three Hivers, James Thorn; 
fIii::tiiiL r don, Alexander \Val!ace, A.B. Vacant Charges, 
Montreal, St. Gabriel Street,- : Melbourne: Framp- 



and i-nl.erl tnd Guor-e Be i -V B Rama\ John 1011 Jal " os ^tt- wart, Ordained Missionary; Metis, James 
McMorine; Dalhousu-, John Rohh; , Bywvvn, .Alexander : l ^ ^^ i ^* Cummiisioner*, under the Clerg^ 
\ iri*if Ciiftr^Gs 1* roc K^fe ilc fcynitti s rull"* ^ t-\ - t*. 

v - ", , ,/- l r wr-M rve 4cfc Rev. Alex. Mathieson, I*. 1),, Montreal ; 

Newburgh and Bedford, Kitley. Rev _ Hl| ,, h Ur hart> A . M ., Cornwall; Hon. IVter 

PRESBYTERY OF KiNr^TON. McGill, Montreal: ll,n. John Hamilton, Kingston d 

Kingston, St. Andrew s, John Machar, D.D. : Sey- 1 Hon. James Morris, Brockville ; Hon. James Crooks, 

[mour, Robert Nei II ; fiueeri s College, Kingston, Jamea! West Flamboro ; John .Smith, Hsi}., SFontreal; Alex. 

\\ ilUains:iii, A.>t., Presbytery Cicrk, George Rom.mes , McMartia, Ksi]., Martintown ; Hugh Allan, Esq., Mon- 

A.M.; Camden, Thomas Scott; Vacant Charges, treal. 

PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH OF CANADA. 

The Synod meets at Toronto, on the 20th June, 1849. 
Rev. Donald McKenzie, Zorra, Moderator; Rev. Prof. Rintoul, Knox s College, Clerk to Synod. 

PRESB YTERY OF TORONTO. .lames Bovd ; York Mills and Scarboro , Thomas 

Toronto, Knox s Church, Robert Burns, D. D. . Wightman. 

Caledon and Erin, Duncan McMillan ; Norval andj VACANT CHARGES Sfreetsville, Vaughan and King 

Esquesin", Peter Gray, Presbytery Clerk ; Markham, West Gwillimbury. Thorah and Eldon, Pro, Medonte 



SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 75 



&c., Nottawusaga, Mono and Essa, Acton and Nassa- 
saweya, Chinguacousy, Huiuber and Westoii, Oakville 
and Trafalgar, Hrock and Reach. 

MINISTERS WITHOUT PASTORAL CHARGE. Jas. Harris, 
Michael Willis, D. D., William Rintoul, Henry Essou, 



Alexander Gale. 



PRESBYTERY OF COBOURG. 



Cavan [South] Jas. Douglass ; Peterboro and Cavan. 
John M. Ro^er -, Grafton and Colborne, William Reid, 
Presbytery Clerk; Darliiuton, Alexander Steele. 

VACANT CHARGES Cobourg, Otonabee. 

PRESBYTERY OF KINGSTON. 

Demorestville, James Rogers ; Gananoque, Henry 
Gordon; Kingston, Robert Reid ; Belleville, William 
Gregg, Presbytery Clerk : Kingston, Robert F. Burns. 

VACANT CHARGE Pic ton. 

PRESRYTERY OF BROCKVILLE. 

Prescott, Robert Boyd -, Brockville, William Smart 
and W. McMurry -, Speucerville, James Geggie. 
Presbytery Clerk ; South Gower, W. J. McDowell ; 
Bellamyville, Alex. Luke. 



PRESBYTERY OP PERTH. 



PRESBYTERY OF MONTREAL. 



Indian Lands, Daniel Carke -, Ste. Theresc, David 
Black -. La Chute, Thomas Henry ; t. Gabriel tetreet 
Montreal William Leishnuin, Presbytery Clerk -, Cote 
Street, Montreal, John Paterson (V. C. I>eput>V i 
Cornwall and Martintown, John 1- raser (ordained Mis 
sionary; ; English River, James Feties (Ordained 
.Missionary J 

V \OANT CHARGES. St. Johns Quebec-, Portneuf, 
St. Eustache, Beachridge, Vankleek Hill. 

PRESBYTERY OF LONDON. 

Port Sarnia, William Macalister ; Zorra, Donald 
M<-Kenzie North East Hope, Daniel Allan ; Tucker- 
smith William Graham ; Amhcwtburgh, Robt. Peden ; 
-t Thomas, John McKinnon ; Eckfridand Mosa, Win, 
Ross Sutherland ; Chatham, Angus McColl. 

VACANT CHARGES. Woodstock, Stratford, London 
Aldboro, Williams, Fingal, Ingersol, St. Andrews. 

PRESBYTERY OF HAMILTON. 

Grimsby, Daniel Eastman ; Caledonia, And. Ferrier 



rmv , . , 

D.D. ; Hamilton, Ralph Robb ; Saltfleet and Bin brook. 



, 
quare, Alex. McLean ; Guelph, John G. McGregor. 



VV alUlUi Cf -*. * o^wywn y wwwi it ; Ji =vvi^ %^in,n_,iinvji 

Litchfield, Andrew Melville , Waketield, John Cornell. 




, , , . 

VACANT CHARGES Beckwilh, Middleion, Macuab, 



Pembroke. 



, . 

VACANT CHARGES. Niagara, Woolwich, Dunnville 
and Wellandport, Flamboro West, Walpole, Sydenham. 



CLERGY OF THE UNITED PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH IN CANADA. 

Rev. John Jennings, Toronto, Moderator. Rev. William Proudfoot, London, Synod Clerk. 

MONTREAL PRESBYTERY. Alexander Henderson; Brantford, Alex. Drummond ; 

Montreal, Rev. William Taylor-. New Glasgow, " est Flamboro Thomas Christie : : S t ; George .James 

Alexander Lowden, Presbyterv Clerk ; Smith s Falls, R?y, Pretbyttry Cltrk; Pan, )av id Ca AyvAto 

William Aitkeu; Madrid, John M .rrison. ^^^^^Q^^ ^^^^^^^^- 

S> William Barrie. Vacant congregation s Chippawa, 
Thorold, Cayuga, Blanford, Mount Pleasant. 

TORONTO PRESBYTERY. LONDQN pREgBYTERy . 

Port Hope, Perrytown, Rev. John Cassie; Emily, Ops Westminster, Rev. William Proudfoot, Pres- 

Manvers, James Dick: Clarke, 4th Con. Newcastle* , , J* L. i n Tmvn-liin James Skinner- 

George Lawrence ; Whitby, Robert Thornton ; Picker- ,, ( .^ r J.mi! Tnhn Mrl cllin 

* _,_ ,_ r , . ,, rn JT T L T R pnhpiin (Ipor^G ^iLirrQV ; iJCTroii, junii ITIL-JJCIICUI 

^^^f^Al^KB^ST^ oftaS Charles- ffler ^f"gf^>^ 

Prinric : Cliin r cou.y Albion, David Coutts ; M^SS t &mSS^AJS Ti^ry, t jSSt 
yXll^^^^K^^ Mi wrLkWoodstock, BouUTd, Downiel 
Vaughan, King, Innisfil, Caledon. Ministers and Preachers without charges Reverends 

HAMILTON PRESBYTERY. Alexander Kennedy, Walter Scott, William Ormiston, 

Hamilton, Rev. James R. Dalrymple ; St. Catharines, William Christie, A. Muir. 

ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH, UPPER CANADA 

Diocese of Toronto. 

Biihop of Toronto, . VU .HT General and Dean, - -. Archdeacon of Toronto The Rev. 

John James Hay, Administrator of the Diocese. Secretary of the Diocese The same. 

RURAL DEANS AND VICARS FORAX. 

Home nnd. Simroe Districts The Veil, the Archdeacon, ejc offldo. Gore, tfMgarnwd Talbot Disti 
Edward Gordon. Western District, and or those. ?:>ea :in? Frci>ck-Y. Point. London and lirorl^ Districts 

. mnin rton and Huron Districts, a,id for Ike (i.:rmans\t. . iveing. ; /J i the borders 

of Lake Superior and tile Huron, and for I lie Indians?. Chone. Toronto City 3. J. Hay, and 1.1. Kirwan. 

Gore an.l Townshin ofToronto, V,f)hicoke, Calelon, to the North of the Gran 1 River W. Mclntosh. Lon- 
\lbion Eu". O Reilly. Thornhill, Wirkham, Va i- hui, don, Adclai.l. , Biddalph, &c. P. O lhvyer BU UlO- 

Vewmarkcr and i John O Beirne. Whitby.jmas, Yarraoath t &o. Godench. i 

1 ickeriii", Brock, &.-.J B. Proui.x. Adjala. Tecum-:lop, Stratford P. Schnider. Sandwich and surrounding 
ieth Mono &c. M. R. Mills. Penetangillhene,Townrt>ip P. Point, R. D., Joseph Grlioot. Amherst- 
Batrie,Medonte,Orillia,SuTinidate A.Charest. Ham- bnrgh, fee. Lewis Maurice. Chatham, Maidstone, 
ton.WelllnetonSqaare,Waterdowni&c.E. Gordon ier, &c. J. J:ul>ny. Tilbury. East and West 

J). Guelph, Arthur, Nic. iol-Simou Sanderl. Rnleinh, &c. Joseph M. Billon. Walpole Islands, 




W. P. McDonagh. Indiana, Walpoleand Townships Pigeon River P. Chone. 

Diocese of Kingston. 

Rislwp of Kingston Right Rev. Rrmei iiis Gaulin, !>. T). Coadjutor and Administrator of the Diocese 
^igtil Rev" Patrick Phelan, D. D., Bishop of Carrha. Viear General Very Rev. Angus McDonell, V. G. 

Kingston Patrick Dollard, Jamos Chisholm, D. D..,Lyndsp.y H. Fitzpatrick. Belleville Mich. Brennan. 
". Madrlen, 1). D.. John Farrell, P. A. Telmo:i,tTyendi:na?a Charles Burke. Picton Murth Lawlor. 
r Beaudran, P. Molloy. Peterborough John Butler. iCamden MK!I. McDonell. Brockville Oliver _K.-lly.| 



76 



SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 



Ganaaoque John Foley. Prescott Edmund Roach. 
Fitzroy J. McNulty. St. Andrew s, Siormont Geo. 
A. Hay. Glengary J. MclJonald, V. G. Alexandria 
Denis Bcgley. Mariatown Bernard Coyle. Curn- 
wall John Cannon. Kitley 1*. O Connell. Perth 



John II. McDonagh. Richmond T. Smith. Kempt- 
vllie Daniel Farrelly. L Orignal A. McDonald. 
Asphodel and Percy Bernard Higgins. Douro Ed. 
Vaughan. Cobourg James Timlin. Trent Patrick; 
McEvoy. 



WESLEY AN METHODIST CHURCH IN CANADA. 

Matthew Richey, D. D. Secretary 



President of the Coiifr.reiice James Dixon, D. D. 
George R. Sanderson. Superintendent of Jlissiuiis Enoch Wood. 

TORONTO DISTRICT. 

Toronto City West Samuel D. Rice, Geo. H. Davis 

Jesse Hurlburt, A. M. Toronto City East John Ryer- 
ison, Chairman ; S. S. Nelles, A. B. ; A. Green, Book 



Steward ; George R. Sanderson, Editor ; Egerton Ryer- 
son, D. D. Yonge Street Lewi^ Wa:ner, Jas. Hughes. 
,Humber Thomas Demorest, John Daxter ; John Cul- 
ham. Cooksville David Wright ; James Wilson. 



Brampton Peter Ker, David 
iWilliun Price, J. Gooderham 



Clappison. Oshawa 

Newmarket and Snake 



ilsland William Young, Alexander Campbell. .Mark- 
,haiu Joseph Messmore, George Case; D.ivid Youmans. 

BrantfOrd C. Fluinerffelt, W. S. Blackstock. Mono 
(John Goodfellow. Nottawasa.-;a He.iry Reid. B.irrk 
| Luther O. Rice. Rama and Unilia Horace Dean. 
jSt. Vincent- George Smith. Brock Charles W. M. 
jGilbert, Win. Gundy ; David Haruic. Beausoliel, &c. 

Win. Herkimer. 

LONDOX DISTRICT. 

London John Carroll, Chairman. Lon Ion Circui 
William Pollard, Charles Silvester ; Edmund Stoney 
Blancliard Thomas Williams. G;> lericli John Wil 
liams, J, mil s Grey. Saugeeng John K. Williston. 
Adelaide George Kennedy, Joan Webster. Sarnia 
Thomas Fawcett. Sydenham E. Sallows. Oh 
i Samuel Fear. J. Lainl. Gosiield and Amherstlmrgh 
I Richard Phelps, E. Clement. RJuticey Peter Jones, 
Abraham Sickles. St. Tliomas Samuel C. Philji. 
Richard Whiting ; Thomas Harmon. 

IiilANTFO:iI.) DISTRICT. 

Brantfor.l Edwy M. llyerson, Wellington Jelters : 
George Poole. Malaliide Joseph Sheply. Woo 1st >cl; 
Kennedy Creighton, Francis Chapman. Norwich 
Robert Corson. Simcoe James Booth; Matthias Holtby. 



Walsiagbatn Solomon 

Heyland. Cayug.i 



Waldron. 
Barber. 



Grand River R. 
New Credit Wm. 



Ryiirsoii, Chairman. Dumfries Matthew Whitiim 
Thomas Jeit ers. Stratford and Peel "Ezra Adams, Wm. 
Uignam. Guelph John Brediu, Charles J! ioh. 

HAMILTON DISTRICT. 

Hamilton H. Wilkinson, Chairman ; G. Young : D. 
C. VanNorman, A. M. ; Andrew Priden, Samuel Bel- 
ton. Thomas Rattray. Duiidas Samuel Rose, Al ."c r 
T. Green. Nelson Win. \Villou<;hby, James Spencer, 
(George Ferguson. Georgetown Wm. Philp. Grimsby 
Hamilton Biggar, Joseph Hill. St Catherines John 
La\v, Charles Lavell. Stamford Ephraim B. Harper, 
John Hunt. <, ;iip[jewn Reuben E. Tapper, Stephen 



COBOURli DISTRICT. 

Cobourg John Dou.-e ; Alexander McNab, A. M.. 
Silvester Hurlburt, John Beatty, Thomas Uanna, Henry 

I rickey, Robert Robinson, John English. Norwood- 
John Sanderson, Nelson Brown. Peterborough Geo. 
vioodson, Charles Turver ; Moses Blackstock. Bow- 

aanville William Haw, John C. Osborne. Schoogog 
William Sreer. Port Hope Jonathan Scott, James, 
;[. Slater. Rice and Mud Lakes Robert Brooking,! 
John Sunday. Aldervillt William Case, Chairman ; 
William Ames. 

BELLEVILLE DISTRICT. 

Belleville John Gemley. Coleborne William Cole- 
nan, vVm. Morton. Consecon Richard Jones, Chair- 
aian ; William H. Poole, Joseph Reynolds ; Daniel 
vIcMullen. Sidney John Black, Alexander Potts. 
V lannora Stephen Miles. Shannonville D. Wright. 
Uemoresiville George Carr ; I. B. Aylsworth. Hallo- 
wellWilliam Mc.Mullough, Thomas Cleghorn; Gilbert 
VI i Her ; Geo. F. Playter. Napanee William McFad- 
len, John A. Williams. Sheffield Abraham Dayman. 

KINGSTON DISTRICT. 

Kingston East Willia ii Squire, Chairman. Kings 
ton West Isaac B. Howard ; Henry Byers. Wilton 
ieorge Beynon, Robert Lochhead. Waterloo Cyrus R. 
Vllison. Gananocjue Conrad Vandusen. Elizabeth- 
town Joseph VV. Mc- ollum, T. VV. Constable ; Wyatl 
hamberlain. Newborough Alvah Adaais. Bath line 
Vmherst Isle M. Fawcett, John Armstrong. Perth- 
Francis Coleman. Sherbrooke Michael Baxter. 

BROCKVILLK DISTRICT. 

Brockville Noble F. English. Prescott and Augusta 
Thomas Bovitt, Chairman ; Simon Huntingdon; E/,ra 
Healy. .Matilda J..mes Mnsgrove, David McDowell 
Josepli Sawyer. Smith s Falls John Lever ; William 
Brown. Cornwall William H. Williams, Wm. M 
Pattyson. Coteau Landing Jonathan Loverin. Kempt 
ville Ashael Hurlburt. Merrickville Vincent B 
Howard. Mississippi Benjamin Nankevill, Willian 

! hapman. Winchester VVi 11 iam McGill. 



BYTOW.V DISTRICT. 



Bytown Edm d Shepherd, Cnairman 
Westmeath Hi.-nry Shaler. Bonchere- 



Henry Bridge 
-John Howe..; 



SIull James i^llioti. Gattincau Erastus Hurlburt 



ISrownell. Seneca Thomas Cosford, Campb? 
Owen Sound James Hutchinson, D. Sawyer 
Neelands. 



Buckingham Jobn Armstrong. 
(i. Madden. L Orignal James 



St. Andrews Davi 
Greener ; Frnnklir 



Metcalf. Osgoode Charles Taggart. Richmond Wm 
John Andrews, Nobie Armstrong. Clarendon David Jen 
nings, Lewis Morton. 



CANADIAN WESL N METHODIST NEW CONNEXION CHLRCH. 

REV. H. O. CROFTS, Toronto, General Superintendent, 

Ancaster, J. Brennnn ; Barnston, P. V. West : Bar-land Norwich, J. Wilkinson, L. Olmstead, J.Jackson 
ton, B. P. Brown ; Bolton and Potion, L. P. Adams ;i i l ince Kdward, E. Vannorman, J. Breakenridge ; Nas 
R. Bowen ; Caledon, J. Hales; Cavnn, J. Simpson, T.isagaweya, J. Glass ; Newcastle, N. C. Gowan 



Brown, VV. Robinson, Cayuu a, F. Weaver ; Crosby, J. 
C. Warren, T. Reed ; Dunham, B. Haigh, G. W. Stone, 
Kli/.nbethlown, T. Jetl eris ; Goulblirn and Drummond, 



Stukely, F. E. Powers ; Stanstead, H. Bursell, Isaac 
Blake, St. Thomas, J. Bell; Toronto, T Goldsmith 
Trafalgar, II. Coates; Waterfbrd, H. Wilkinson; \\"el 



,1. Siiilton, A. Armstrong; Hamilton, D.D. Rolston; Hen-jland Canal, VV. Preston; Wbilchurch, J. Caswell; \Ves- 
rysbnnih, F. Hunt; Lansdowne, T. Rump; London, tern Mission, W. Bothwell; York, F. Haynes. 
C. Child s ; London Circuit, E. Williams; Malahide 



CLERGY 

Asphodel, T. Seawright ; Brantl ord, T. Baker ; Bol- 

ton : s Mills, \Vheeler; Brock, N. McKinuon : 

Urockvilli 1 , J. Lightbocly ; Bytown, J. T. Byrne; Cale- 
don, S. King ; Cold Springs, near Cobourg, VV. llayi .en; 
Darlington, J. Climie : Druniiiiondville, E. Ebbs ; 
Esquesiii2. H. Denny; Glnnlbrd, S. FiiHon ; Glengary, 
.1. Mi-Kiliiken : Georgetown, D. Powel ; Guelph, J. J. 
Brane ; Hamilton, R. R. Robinson; Kingston. * . M. 
Fenwlck; London, J. Durrani; L Orignal, iMcLeod; 



>NAL DENOMINATION. 

[Newmarket, Dr. Gntnnnge; Oakland, VV. May; Oro, 
A. Raymond ; Port Sarnia and Moore, A. Gi-iki 
I aris and Burford, J. Vincent : St. Andrew s, 
Itayne ; Simcoc, William Clarke ; Southwold, 
Silcox ; Stouti ville, L. Kribs ; Stratford, A. C. Gei- 
kie; Port Stanley, William Alworth ; Toronto, John 
Roaf and Adam Lillie ; Vaughan, T. Hodgkin ; 

Warwick, J. Armour ; VV T hitby, J. Geikic ; , G. G. 

Wickson; Cobourg, T. Snell. 



SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 



77 



BAPTIST DENOMINATION. 

W. L. Bsyley ; Aylmer, S. Baker, Ayr, iMalahide, Georse Wilson ; Markham, P. L. Davidson -. 
Hem nn Filch: Barford. T. Idc": Barnston, J. Green :i Vliddlcton, D. \V. Rowland : Montreal, J. M. Cramp, 
lieamsville, George Silver ; Beverly, C.W., \Y. Porter- F. Bosvvorth, A.M., 15. Davies, Ph. D., John Gird wood ; 
Held; Beverly, Johnstown District, John Miner, P. Missouri, S/Vining ; Oakland* D.H. Bancroft; Oseood, 
ScholieLI ; Blenheim, Francis Pickle. \V. C. Beordsall :iO. MePhail : Osnabruck, J. Smith : Otterville. M. W. 
Brantford, J. YVimerbcnhnm, J. H. Carryer ; Breadal-lHopWns i Paris. M". Boswortn, F. R. S. : Peterboro , 
bane, William Frazer : Brighton, J. Hoiman : Brock, JJ. Gilmour ; Porl I>over, A. McLean ; Port Hope, J. 
Hugh Reid ; Brockville. R. Boyd, Wm. Dick, Robert JBaird ; Potton, South. T. Mcrriman : Preston, James 



Dick : Bronte, J. Oakley ; Burtbrd, Joseph Painter : 
CaledoH, J. Campbell ; Canboroui ii, William Cook : 
Carlton Place, L. Holcroft : Chatham, J. Kins : 
Clarence, John Edward* ; Concurs. , S. Tapscott : Col 
chester, 10. Highworden; Crosby, ?outh. P. McEathron : 
Drumniondvillc, A. ("leghorn ; Dundas, J. Clutton : 
Eaton, A. Gillies: Egquesing, John Clark; Georeeville, 
; Gosfield, \V. Gonne. N. French; Gosfield, 



E. Mitchell 

G. Jacobs ; Gowcr, South, P. McRonal 1 



llaldimand, 



i Wm. Lacy, D. Wait ; Hamilton, A. Booker, E. Brown: 

" r "-~ J Inaersoll. Isaac Elliot: 

itori, A. Lorimer, A. B.: 

Lanark, James Dick, James Smith: Leeds, A. Stevens: 
Lobo, Win. Wilkinson ; London, N. Eastwood. James 



Hougliton. W. McDermand : 
Keinplville, J. Cooper : Kin<:> 



Quebec, D. Marsh; Hueenstpn, 1). Curry;, 
Raleigh, Wm. Gorrie : Rainham, J. Van Loon, Jun.;] 
RawJon, J. Butler : Reach, W. Huriburt; Sandwich.; 
Georae Jacobs : Scotland, W. Drummond: Short Hills,! 
f). Way: Sidney, Win. Geary; Siincoe, T. Bailey;! 
Sonthwold, ] . Mills: St. Catharines, W. Hewso n, 
J. Anderson; St. Georae, John Miner, Win. Smith: 
-H. Thomas, John Bray, R. Andrews ; Stonehridire, 
F. N. Jersey: Thurlow, J. Bridges: Toronto. W. 
Christian ; J. Pyper ; Townsend, S. McConnell : Wai- 
pole, T.Stillwell; Watcrfonl, J. Howey, A. Sln^ht, G. 
.1. Ryerse ; Whithy, J. Marsh; J. Crellin : Wiu;lham, 
i . Stcinboff ; Woodstock. W. H. Landon, E. Topping -. 
Yarmouth. C. Stewart: Vork Mills, .1. Mitchell ; Zone 



Inglis ; Louth, S. H. Goss ; McGilvray, D. A. Turace ;iMil]s, C. McDermand ; Zorra, J. S. Manning. 



CITIES AND TOWNS CORPORATE. 



City of Montreal POPULATION, 50,0;iO. 
Joseph Bourrett, Mayor; Laroque, Giigy, Glennon, 
Ouimet. Fabre. and Tally. Aldermen ; Wilson, Lyman. 



City of Kinsrston POPULATION, 12,018. 
William Ford, Jr., Mayor : R. Anglen, James Baker, 
J. Breden, J. Counter, J. Flanigan, VV. Ford. Jr., 

VIcFfirlane, McN ii. er. Sims, Valois, Bell, Grcnier. F. .M. Hill, A. McLean, S. Smyth, "W. Wilson, Alder- 
Snaith. Rodier, Whiielavv. Honier, Benndry, and men ; R. Allen, R. Chanonhouse, J. Crawford, J. 
Lynch, CW.im/ors. John P. Sexton, Clerk; Edouard Harvey, J. Linion, G. Mc.Mahon. J. Patterson. W. 
Demei.--, Treasurer: J. A. B. McGill, Surveyor A&iunpaQn, R. Waddinsham. J. Wiley. Cuunci/i nra : 
Thomas Wily, Chief of Police, : II. Jeremy, Deputy *v Thos. \. Robison, Police Magistrate; Michael Flana-! 
TRINITY HOUSK, MUNTHKA/,. Robf. Armour, Master; _ an. Clerk ; Francis \Veyms, tiurceyor ; Samuel Shaw, 
John W. Dunscomb, Deputy do.; Wm. Edmonstone, iiailiff; William Angljn, Treasurer; Walter Mc-i 
H. L. Ro ith, John Try. and Andrew Shaw, Wardens : Ouniffe, HrJ>or Master ; James Deane, 

City of Hamilton POPULATION, 
i Geo. S. Tiffany, Mayor; Samuel Kerr, S. B. Free 
man, Daniel Kelly. Arthur Bowen, Neh. Ford, John 



Holmes, Reffiitrnrn^nl Treasurer ; I*. H. Morin. 
Harbor Master; Henry G. Thompson, Water Bailiff. 
City of Quebec POPULATION, 30,000. 



George O Kill Stuart, Maynr. *James Dean, George Winer, John Fisher, E. Stinson, Dr. Billings, A. Miller,! 
O. Stuart, James Sewell, M.D., *George Hall, Daniel ^Councillors. G. H. Armstrong, Police Magistrate ; C. 
McGie, John Frew, *Thos. W. Lloyd, James Gillespie.jH. Stokpe, Clerk; Jjhn Brown, Treasurer ; S Ryck 
.lames Dinnins._ *John Doran, John Maguirc, J^_ E. man, Uii;h Bailiff. 

Town Of Niaffara POPULATION, 3,100. 
BOARD OF POLICE. John Simpson, President , Alex. 
Heron, jr., James Boulton and Geo. 



jjngras, *Jean Tourangean, Jacques P. Rheaume, Ger 
main Guay, Joseph Tournngeau, *Xarcisse F. BeHeau. 
Joseph Robitaille, Ulric Tessier, Alexis Dorval, Coun 
cillors. [Those marked thus * retire i:i February.] 
F. X. Garneau, City Clerk; Wm. Bennett, Treasurer ; 
Joseph Hamel, Purveyor; Wm. K.McCord, Inspertor 
ii.iid Superintendent of Police; R. II. Russell, Chief 
Cinittable. 

TRINITY HOUSE, QUEBEC. II. Lemesnrier, Master : 
. .. B. Lindsay, Treasurer; E. B. Lindsay and A 
Lemoine. CUrk and Regis rar ; E. Boxer, Harbor 
Master; Robert Julvnn. Aittani do.; Robert Youn::. 
Superintendent <>f r>!ot* : B. S. Laflear, Water Bailiff; 
F. Ro eriguc, Messenger. 

City of Toronto Porn, ATION, 

George Gurnett, JVfnyor : *I)r. Workman. R.Dempsey. 

*G.T. Denison.Jr.. \V. A. Campbell, *G. Duggan.M.P.P., 

:G. P Ridout, J. Beaty, *R. Beard. W. Wakefield, * 

nett, *Jolm Hell, lion. I!. ; herwood, M. P. i .. A 



Davidson, . 

Boomer. Isaac H. Johnson, Treasurer and Clerk ; 
Beaver Bonner, High Bailiff. 

Town of Kroekville POPULATION, 2,449. 
BOARD OF PoLirr Onnond Jones, President ; David 
B. O- Ford, Robert Peden, David Mair, and William 
Fit/.simmons. W. 13. McClean, Clerk ; Cashier Com 
mercial Bank, Treasurer ; James Gardner, High Bailiff. 1 

Town of BSyloivn POPULATION, 6,->!. 
Couxrir, .I.B.Lewis, Jr., Mayor; Robert Hervey,! 
Jr., George Patterson, N. Sparks, Charles Sparrow, Jos. 
I urL eoii. and H. Mil. John Atkins, Clerk; Ed. Masse, 

^ - Isaac Berichon, High ;> / 

of Ooboursr POPULATION, 3,513. 
OK POLICE Asa A. Burnham, President 



\>nen : *W. Davis. G. Co 

i.Iolin Ritcliey. *John 

Hmith, *John Craig, E. F. Wliitiemore, *!l. James, Jr. 

jKilwin Bell, Ciiunrilliirs. [Those marked thug * retin 

;MI Februarv.] Ciias. Daly, Cler - : Andrew T. McCord, 

IChamberlaiii ; G. L. Allen, High Bailiff; Tliorna- 

tGarlic t, Cit?/ Ittfpeclor. 

CON^UMKR? G. .s COHPAVV OK TORONTO. In ~orno- 
ite ! !iy Act of Provincial Parli.ime!! . llirn-lnrs 
Jharles Berc/.y, Pre<iilent: Richard Knep=liaw, Vice 
".. F. Whittemore. Hn rb S"oliie, 



.I:]ine= Rcaty, Tli -hard 



Joulter, *JohnCarr, R. !. I) ir - w Milne, John Helm, Dr. Beatty and F. Unmet. 

Howcnt . -Samupl Plntt, John|9 r ^ vil1 15r .! i - i . 1 (Jltrk (llld Trca #urer ; Robert Craig, 

Town of Belleville POPULATION, 2.9S.5. 

BO-RD OF PoLin: .lame* VVhitetbrd, President ;\ 
Peter Robertso i. Lewi? Watlbridge, Royal Munroeand( 
Merrick Sawyer. Robt. M. Roy, Clerk: Merri -k Saw 
yer, Treasurer , Cornelius Bogert, High Bailiff. 

Town of Dnndas POPULATION, 2.240. 

BOARD OF POLICK John Paterson, President ; Jame 
Coleman, Robert Holt, Hush McMahon, and Robert 



. Geo. C. Horwo^d. 



J. T. Smith. Peter Paterson. David Paterson, and Alex. 
15 a U nrich. John Wat-son. ManriL er. 

Ynrkvillc. adjoining Toronto Limited corpora 
tion, under Act U> and 11 Vic. cap. -V>. James Dobson^ 

.fohu Kdrnond. Harrison Routlidgc, Thomas Dcmmery Francis G. Owens, and William Hale, 
kind John Sleigh, Trustee?. i.Mnrrnv. Clerk avit Treasurer. 



, Council an. Walter Chisholtn, Clerk and Trea 
Murdoch McDonald, High Bailif. 
To\vn of Piclon POPUH-ITON, ],.389. 
T5oAP.noF POLTPE Alexander Mncalister, President \i 

Lesiprieref 



78 



SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 



Town of London POLULATION, 4,573. Jessup, James Higgins, Alexander McMillan, and Jos. 
Simeon Worrell, Mayor; Philo Bennett, Michael Cowan. 
Seger, William Barker, John Doyle, A. McCormick, Town of St. Catharines POPULATION, 3,500 



S. Stansneld, J. Dirnond, and Henry S. Robinson, 
Common Oounr.it men ; Chas. Hntchinson, Town Clerk ; 
W. W. Street, Treasurer ; Peter McCann, High Bailiff. 

Town of Port Hope POPULATION, 1,612. 



BOARD OF POLICE N. Kirchoffer, President; Ssjhr\\ Hi S } 



BOARD OF POLICE E. S. Adams, President Henry 
Mittlebergei, George Rykert, J. F. Mittlebenjer, Thos 
Burtra, and Samuel L. St. John. Charles M. Arnold 
Clerk; Bank of Montreal, Treasurer; Edward Bilford, 



Hatton, Samuel Hatton, T. W. Metcalf, and Robert 
Lang. Francis Evatt, Clerk . Charles Hughes, Trea 
surer. 

Town of Brantford POPULATION 3000. 



Town of Cornwall POPULATION-, 1,454. 
Charles Rattray, Mayor ; George McDonell. Donald 
McDonell, John S. McDougalL Thomas Marshall, 
Thomas Kennedy, and Thomas O Callaghan, Cuuucil- 
Alfred Digby, M . D., Manor ; Henry Yardington, Jos.7ors. Charles Poole, Clirk , William Parke, Treasurer; 
Gardner, Joseph I), clement, John W. Downs, William;A. C. Philips, High Bailiff. 
Walker, and James Walker, Councillors. John R. Me-! ~ 
Donald, Clerk ; William Walker, Treasurer. -Limited Corporation, under Act 10 and 11 

1 ic. cap. 4-2. Adam Ainslie, Sidnev Smith, Isaac 

I own oi Prrscoit-~Poi=ULATi<.N, 1,773. Sours, John Davidson, and Morris C. Lutz, Trustees; 
BOARD OF POLICK Read Burritt, President ; II. D. Isaac Sours, Inspector. 

of the Imperial Parliaments. 



Assembled. 



Dissolved. 



First i June.. . . 20, 1?IC2 

Second [November 10, 1802;October .. -24, IStHi 

Third (December 1">, Ih UO April . . . 2*, 



fourth 
Fifth , 
Sixth. 
Seventh.... 



June.. . . 2-2, li? 



September 2!), 



November 24, 1812 June.. . . 10, 
January.. 14, 1819 February. 20,18-20 
-April .". . 21, lAW.June.. .". 2, 1820 



Hhth [November 14, 182t) July 24, 1sji> 



Ninth 

Tenth 

Eleventh . . 
Twelfth.... 
Tlii rteen tli . 
Fourteenth.. 
Fifteenth.. . 



Assembled. 



Dissolved. 



October . . 28, 183< \ April. . . . 23, 1831 j 
June .... 14, 1831 December 3, 1832! 
January .. 2!, 183S December 3(1, 1834 
February.. 10, 18?5 July. ... 17, 183? 
November 15, 1837 June .... 23, 1841 
August... 19, 1841 1 July. . . . 23,1847 
November 18, 184^ ; 



DISTRICT OFFICERS IN UPPER CANADA. 



District. 



Sheriff. 



Warden. 



Clerk of the 
I eace. 



District Clerk 



District Trea- Crown Land 
surer | Agents. 



Eastern . 
Ottawa.. 

Johnst n. 
3athurst. 



D JE McDonell 
C P Treadwell, 

Adiel Sherwood, 
And vv Dickson 



Dulh sie. >imon Friv.er, 
P. Edw d p McMahon, 
Midland. T A Coriwtt, 
Victoria. j J W D Moodie, 
Hi iiry Rutlan, 
VV s Conger, 

W B Jarvis, 



Col borne 
Home .. 



Simcoe.. jB W Smith, 



Niagara. 
Gore . . . 
Wellgton 
Brock... 
Tnlbot . . 
London.. 
Huron. .. 
Western. 



Wm Kingsmill, 
E C Thomas, 
Geo J Grange, 
James Carrall, 
H V A Rapeije, 
Jas Hamilton, 
John Macdonald. 
George VV Footl 



, llon A Frazer, 

1C Johnson, 
() R Gowan, 
, Roberl i .ell, 
I lion H Piiihey, 
D B Stevenson, 
John B Marks, 
|Geo Benjamin, 
! Henry S lleid, 
jjohn Langton, 
jMich IP Empey 
.Win Armson, 
I David Thorburn 
-.iiuiiel Clark, 
James Wmht, 
./a red V T ining, 
John B Crouse, 
\\"m Niles, 
\\ r M Chalk, 
Geo Rullock. 



James Pringle, James I ringle, 
D McDonald, i Peter O Brian 
James Jessti]), James Jessup, 
W R F Bertbrd.lRobert Moil att, 
r C rowcll, i Charles Pinhey 
jPhillip Low, R .1 Chnpinan, 
; .Ianjes Nickalls, Geo H Dittor, 
jWm Fitzgibbon, VVm Pitzgibbon, 
Thomas Wan , i Morgan .b 
!W H W T righton, W Sheridan, 
iGeorce Gurnett, John Klliot., 
iWm B McViry, .loliii McWatt, 
|Jos Woodrutf, ! .l (.; Su-venson, 
S B Freeman, James Durniid, 
Thos Saunders, Richard F Budd, 
VV Lapenoiierc, W Lnpenotiere, 
JWm M Wilson, Miclr! H Foley, 
[John H Askin, J B t : tr nhy, 
Paniel Li/,ai> , David Don 
Charles Babv. Jainc^ Cowan 



|R McDonald JS Hart 
T H Johnson ,11 W McCann 
J L Hchorteld IV J 8cott 
.T M Radenhurst A Leslie 
<> O Cunnor John Durie 
David Smith .A Macphersor 
Win Ferguson ;.Tohn P Roblii, 
N G Reynolds .F McAnnany 
Hon Z B urn ham E P Smitli 
Fred Ferguson . F Ferguson 
Jatnes S Howard Thos liaines 
iviiiiuud Lally J Alexander 

P Macdo .r;: i 

Jas KirlcpaViek 
VVm Hewat 
H C Barwirk 
Henry Webster 
John Harris 
Ceo Brown.Jr 
I Jean B Baby 



! .T T Cilkiscn 
D Campbell 
:.I Carroll 
|A Gcddcs 
M B Askin 
J Clark 
P McMullin 



DISTRICT OFFICERS IN UPPER CANADA (CONTINUED.) 



LJistrict. 



Judge of Dis- Clerk of Dis 
trict Court. trict Court. 



Judges and Com- Clerk of Bankrupt 
mis of Bankr pts Court. 



Judge of Sur 
rogate Court. 



Registrar of 
Surrogate Cour 



Eastern.. . . 
Ottawa.. . . 
Johnstown.. 
Bathurst. . . 

Dalhousie.. 

Prince Edw 

Midland. . . 

Victoiia. . . 
(Newcastle. 
IColborne . .. 
(Home . . . . 

Simcoe . . 

Niagara .. . 
Core 

Wellington, 

Brock 
iTalbot 
J London.. . . 
[Huron . . 
I Western .. . 



jGeo S Jarvis 
Peter Free! 
GMallooh 

J G Mallock 

i 

C Armstrons 

\D I, Fairficld 



Ceo A nderapn George S Jarvis 

J W Marstoii Peter Frecl 

T D Campbell George Mnlloch 



C H Sache 

B Billings, Jr 

!C Mortimer 



|SFKirkp,-itri kiAlex Pringle 
Wrn Smart jVV II Ponton 



G Al Boswell 
| George B Hall 
(S 1! Harrison 
Jas R Gowan 



RD Chatterton 

Thos Fortye 
VV McKenzie 



J G Malloch and 

D McJIartin 
Chns J Robinson 
D L Fairfield 
S F Kirkpatrick 
William Smart 
G M Boswell 
(i 13 Hall 
SB Harrison 



Jonnth n Lane J R Gowan 



E C Campbell iJ B Clench !E C Campbell 
Miles O Reilly Andr w StuartfArcH Gilkison 
Wm I) Powell John Smith 
1) S McQueeniRich Foqnett 



Wm Salmon 
James Giving 
A Ackland 
Ale.v Chewcft 



W M Wilson 
Jno B Askin 
J Col vi lie 
Wm R Wood 



W I) Powell 
D S McQueen 
W Salmon 
James Givins 
A Ackland 
A Chewrtt 



Charles Poole 
George D Rccd 

VV H Elderbeck 

J Deacon 

B Billinsrs. Jr 
Cecil Murtimer 
Sam l Rowlands 
W H Ponton 
|R D Chatterton 
i J lu-jiiuis Fortye 
jW McKenzie 
[Jonathan Lr.ne 
,WI! Winterliottoni 
lAndrew Stuart 
John Smith 
Richard J. oquctt 
(Win M Wilson 
H J Askin 
JA W Kippen 
iW T m R Wood 



G McDonell 
David Paltec 
G Malloch 
D McMartin 

C Armstrong 
S Wnshlmrn 
GAI iiiuiiiings 
John B < rowe 
Thomas Ward 
Geo B Hall 
-5 1! Harrison 
Jas R Gowan 
Warren Clnus 
W A Harvey 
Wm D Powell 
VV Lapenotiere 
iVm Salmon 
Henry Allen 
V Arkland 
I A Wilkinson 



Alex McLean 
J VV Marstoii 
J Jessup 
Chas H Sache 



I! Billincs, Jr 

Merrill 
Isaac Fra?er 
Wm Bowen 
iM F Whitelieai 
i J homas Forty 
jW J Fitzgerald 
Jonathan Lane 
( has B Secord 
George Rolpli 
TliosR Brock 
,J G Van.ittart 
:W M Wilson 
H C R Beecher 
J Colville 
James Askin 





SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 7^ 


L 


DISTRICT OFFICERS IN UPPER CANADA (CONTINUED.) 


District. 


Principals of District i-uperin- 

District Schools, teiul t of schools. 


District 
Towns. 


Pop. 

1-I-. 


Registrars of Counties ill 
Upper Canada. 


Eastern.. . . 
Ottawa . . . 
Johnstown . 
Bathurst... . 
Dalhousie . . 
Prince Edw. 
Midland. . . 
Victoria. . . 
Newcastle. . 
Colborne - 
Home . . . . 
Sinicoe. . . . 
Niagara ... . 
Gore 


William Kay, 
Rev Colin Grigor 
James Windeat 
John Brown 
Rev J Robb 
\Y Cockell. B A 
s! Ltghburne,AM 
Alex Burdon 
R Hudspeth 
iRevR JC Taylor 
M C Crombie 
rick Gore 
J Wiiitelaw, V.D 
Geo Kl nit-lie 
F. M. Stewart 
!j Somerville 
Rev Gco Salmon 
iBenj I ayley, B A 
IJohn Haldane 
A Saltrr 


Win Millar 
Thus Hi^inson 
Kich . v Wnudi 
Rev J Padfield 
Hon H Pinhey 
Thos Donnelly 
John Strachau 
Wm Hutton 
lieui miii Hayter 
Hurnham 
11 Hunter 
H A Clifford 
D D Everardo 
Pat k Thornton 
Alex Allan, A M 
KevWH Landon 
Rev Win Clarke 
William L lliou 
John Bignall 
Geo Duck, jr 


Cornwall... . 
L Oriiiiial . . 
Brockville. . 
Perth 


1,1.51 
400 
2,449 

1,599 
12,018 
2,985 
3,513 
1,006 
33,503 
600 
3,100 
9,899 
1,001 
431 
1,600 

4,573 
1,030 


See head " Limits of Counties and Dis 
tricts in Upper Canada," pp.51, 52 and 53.; 


Local Admits for Crown 
Lands. 

Joseph Wilson, Sank Pte. Marie. 
George Jackson, Northern Division of" 
Owen s Sound Settlement, Huron. 
(e. jrm 1 Snider. Southern Division of 
Owen s Sound Settlement, Huron. 


Bytown . . . 
Picton .... 
Kingston .. . 
reili. ville... 
Cobourg ... . 
Peterboro ... 
Toronto . . . 
Barrie. . . . 
Niagara . . . 
Hamilton .- 
Guelph 
Woodstock.. 
Simcoe .... 
London.. . . 
Goderich .. . 
Sandwich.. . 


Vessels ot" 3i.O to 350 tons may navigmei 
the Wei la nd and :-t. Lawrence Canals, i 
instance from Lake Erie to Montreal, head 
of Atlantic Ship Navigation, 367 miles. 
Total fail from Lake Erie to Tide-water. 
564 ieet. 


Wellington . 
(Brock 
Talbot . . . . 
London . . . 
Huron . . . . 
(Western . . . 



Agricultural Association of. Upper Canada. 

INCORPORATED BY ACT OF PARLIAMENT. 

H. Ruttan, Sheriff of the Newcastle District, Cobourg, President ; John Wetenhall, M. P. P., Nelson 
Gore District, 1st Vice President : J. B. Marks, Warden of the Midland District, Kingston, 2nd Vice President : 
{George Buckland, Toronto. Secretary ; Bank of Upper Canada, Treasurer. The Annual Exhibition takes 
place at Kingston, on tlie first Tuesday of September, 



REVENUE, & c . 



Local Revenues, U. C., applied to Local piurpost s. and not accounted for in the 

Revenue of lln: Colony. 



DlSTRK I~. 



Popu- 



. Eastern 
-Ottawa 

Johnstown 

Bathurst 

.Dalhousie 



1842. 



1345. 



1-47. 



All ii;ui:i 
.Victoi m 
Newcastle 
iColborne 



Wellington. 



Talbot 
London.. 
Huron. . 
Western 



latiHii, 


Valuation of 


J li mi lit aj 


Valuation of 


Amount of 


y/iliiu/iun of 


Amount uf 


1848. 


Pruiirrui. 


Aisefaments. 


Property. 


Assessments. 


Proper!//. 


Asses*mentf. 




s. V. 


A s. a. 


8. . 


S. B. 


B. a. 


s . U . 


3-, 653 


.; 13 4 


1913 4 4 


393151 14 S 


3179 14 7 


410417 5 


3271 10 5 


10,346 


8G387 4 < 


4(*.5 1 Ci 


17:V>97 15 


W)2 12 2 


100000 


1027 14 


43,326 


: 12 11 


36-1 9 10 


45641.5 19 7 


5939 2 10 


4-41-9 14 3 


4317 7 6 


3D.403 


>:J<K5ti I 


-JU i 7 lr 


: 7 9 


9 1 


313603 10 6 


3.576 16 7 


2.), 17 4 


1l>7>:6 2 1 


K-:> 17 0; 


216925 


2083 14 6 


25.5000 (! 


2.370 


l-.Mil 


) ( 


1297 5 7 


2-iM.-,9 


1&73 10 4 


290221 


1 ; 3 2 


23.133 


520201 ( 
! (. 


1 5 
1773 1,5 U 


561 160 (I 
, 


5531 15 5! 

21-- : 


- 
260000 


4:><J5 16 1 
229.5 12 5 


47,189 


425 122 ( 


21-7 13 0- 


5!)-! . 17 1 8 


Mi 11 


517-241 5 


5100 19 Oj 




! l;5 ! 


715 6 7 


l!! 55:ji 5 () 


2121 1.5 93 


400000 


13 34 




r, o 


3238 6 3 


; o u 


i-r:^ 9 6" 


l 


90 3 15 7 








1 7-1572 


15 I, 1 : 


: 


14 10 


4 , ,;:i: s 


: 10 < 




, 6 10 


05113 1- I,., 


:> 


5170 15 7 


<)(,.x ( 


l-t-Jjiii J 1) (_ 


709.5 7 Ki : 


- 4 


19 5 1 


13 


3633 8 3 


41,177 


1 ( 


2-i)3 19 8 


U 


3* 


, 


5160 10 


29.219 


22v .!.).i 1.5 -1 


30-0 10 2 


7 9 I. 


2402 9 74 


:i 


:;.mii 1 6| 


13,716 


; 9 ( 


KV ! 5 16 11; 


9 16 4~ 


2 i73 3 Klf 


27059S 


2532 10 3 


46,5 . 


10 >j ( 


4143 411 


J-0672 4 2 


5-G4 10 7 


5517-8 10 2 


6-274 4 3 


20,45 i 


91120 11 ( 


10;U 13 9. 


136421 3 


132.5 7 Id 


1-271- 2 3 


2113 17 5 


26.179 


394711 10 ( 


2( j5 1.5 9 


361)762 


2S04 5 11: 


.W-22-2 


2310 6 3 


7-21.141 


6=35337 10 6 


57774 3 9j 


77-7 1-4 7 li 


72-11 10 3 


-355274 7 2 


73173 7 7j 



Gross Revenue and Expenditure of Canada, 1842 to 1847. 

REVENUE. 



Consolidated Fund 
Incidental Fund . . 

Total Revenue, 



! 1. , -> l,( 



I .i 



I 12 1 iiW.17- 10 0; 



1844. 



104,304 r; 



1-45. 



f,.\ ) 



19 10 



613,92s) 911:363,03613 I 183,238 17 6; 



1(5.5,142 4 2ij-i!).5,190 9 3.^1,10.3,134 3 7.^- 1.5,939 13 7^ (544,933 17 4; 



1&47 



!5ti.lU 1 2 
263,751 15 9 



719,595 16 11 



EXPENDITURE. 



Civil List.Scheil. A 45,T! 20 11 
" B; 29,216 7 



15. -07 11 9 
29.- 56 17 7 



Total under Union: 
Ac.t, and 9 \ 
cap. 64, jfj 71.566 19 2 



.5,694 12 4 



45.520 11 4 : 48,230 10 fi.V 5;i.-9-i IS 41,742 2 2 



21,047 9 1 27.107 10 3 



7n. if,- n 5 75.:i;:;-i l 



Miscellaneous.. . . lo I .737 1-2 9 |695 ,174 15 5.- j -.-6.4U4 6 3 J830J30 17 7 



T.otnl Kxpendit e 



L________, i *i i 

e jcil76,3C4 11 11 ^770,669 7 9^956,572 6 8 J90j.518 H 



98,860 4 



27,528 18 2 : 



77,153 2 i 61.271 4 
(592,740 5 5i, 646,738 1 2 



?69,893 7 5^716,059 1 



80 



SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 



Debt and Liabilities of Canada, 011 the 1st January, 1848. 

In England hearing interest at 5 per cent, up to 1st March, 1848, by Debentures, exclusive of 

Guaranteed Loan 1,098,375 7 8 

Of this sum 30,000 hears G per cent, interest. [See particulars below.] 

In Canada, viz., in U. C. Debentures and Debentures of Canada > . 403,292 3 J 

fiy Upper Canada Debentures are understood those issued before the Union under Acts of U. C. Legislature. 
By Canada Debentures are understood those issued sinct the Union under Acts of the United Legislature. 
Provincial Debentures, Lower Canada, vested in Trustees for works, the interest only being guaranteed by the 
Prorince, and all paying except the two first : 

Chambly Canal 35,000 This is guaranteed by Government, and due in part 1848. 

Turnpike Trusts, duel/ec 33,850 08,850 Interest at 6 per cent. 

Longeueil and Chambly Trust 15,000) 

Harbour, Montreal 90,925 \ Interest paid by Commissioners. 

Turnpike Trust, .Montreal 47,0011 } 

Old Exchange Account 46,103 15 2 

221,778 

New English Loan, Sterling, 1,503.060 equal at 4s. (Id. 1,514,5-21 2 3 [Interest at 4 per cent.] 
The Official accoums of this Loan are made in sterling at 1 4s. 4d. Currency, which gives the Currency 
equal to 1,058,389 13s. 4d. 

Schedule o Canada Debentures in Sterling" Outstanding and Payable in] 

Eng-Iand, 4th march, 1848. 



Acts of the 
Legislature. 



Service. 



jSurns Sterling. Total Sterling. 



S. D. S. D. 

I Wm. 4 ch. 23 To cancel part of Public Debt fl] 200,000 

5 " 31; " " " " and 

| sundry Public Works | [2] 400,000 C 

76 Home District Roads 30,000 ) t 

81 Kingston and Napanee Road. . . : 23,-7-00 -g 
7 92 VVellamt Canal 74,150 

7 <8 Hamilton and Rrantfonf Road. .127,001) 
7 79,Dundas and Waterloo 22,300 

(><) River Trent \. >vi_-.-nion .2~,000 

80 Johnstown District Roads. . . . 11.000 

82 (iueenston and (irimshy Roads 17 .500 
c. ch. 57 St. Lawrence Navigation 0,000 J 

31 \VelliiLid Canal Stock | 

CO Public Works f5| 121,000 

3] 30,000 



OJ 



I! 

(I 

o![3J 2i;;vi5<j 

o 

o 

o 

14] 77,7-25 



(> 



Total *1, 098,375 7 



*These exclusive of the 
guaranteed Loan. 

The rate of interest on 
these is 5 per cent., with 
the exception of the last! 
30,000, which is (j per 
cent. 



Redeemable in 



1=54.. 
1855. . 

1P57. 
18.V. 
1803. 
1800. 



200,000 

4 10,000 

251,150 

43,500 

77,725 

121,000 





(! 

(i 

I) 

7 8 

0\ 



1,098,375 1 g 



An Abstract of the ross Revenue of the Province of Canada, in the Year* 

and Quarters ended 5th July, 1847, and 5th July, 1848, 

shewing- the Increase and Decrease thereof. 



*Cusfoms 

tExe ise 

{Public Works 

^Territorial 

|il!ank Imposts 

; Lij, lit House and Tonnage Duty, Canada 

West 

**Fines and Forfeitures 

ttMiscellaneous 



aUARTERS ENDED 



Oct.10,1840. Jan. 5, 1847. A pi 5, 1847. July 5, 1847. 



s. D. 

12121)4 2 (I 

3208 3 

11)187 2 9 

1013 11 10 



71 11 
459 
510 3 11 



S. D 

925- 6 4 f. 

2004 10 5 

10075 12 

. 38 15 

7710 9 



40 2 C 

87. - i 14 y 

1!I32 17 11 



S. D. 

15081 8 5 

1 32!>3 13 1 

t-52! 10 M 

115(18 1 



4 11 S 
1127 10 1 

4(iO 8 2 



Total Ordinary Revenue 14577914 ti 132(122 4 < -<H : 12 5 2l3"l(i . ;54(i229 U 



i 

! Year ended 
:July 5, 1847. 



s. n.lj 

161106 16 ]li:390ti!l? 

(i-fiO J J - I 2.Xi 

31073 4 5|! 73750 

155! 1(1 2400!) 

7907 18 81: 15018 



714 l 1: 
472 13 

0-5 <> ;i 



830 
2!t32 
20H4 



s. D. 

11 9 

is a 

19 7: 

li- W 

7 t- 

5 in 

18 
19 



QUARTERS ENDED 



Vear ended i Yr. ended July 3,1848. Ur. ended July 5. 1S48 



Oct. 10, 1847 


Jan. 5, l c !-. 


Apl 5,!8|-. 


Julyo, 1-4-. 


i 


Increase. Decrease. 


lucre 


S. D. 


S. D. 


s. i.. 


s. D. ; s. D. 


s. u. s. D. 


s 


*1 44075 10 C 


98922 12 9 


30(72 10 9 


122494 5 J, :n.;W) 1 18 7 


4:i6 10 ... 


. . . 


t4170 19 8 


5249 4!l09P4 18 (i 


865ti 10 ?::<!;< 9 <i 


25 9 * 


... 


f _>(i!<3l (J . 


14JI 1* ll/l 8134 15 f 


21091 11 9 


71 699 12 1! 


2942 13 4 ... 


. . . 


1138 13 ; 


2270!) 3 1 


2719 11 7 


111! 12 4 


26974 5 


2!i04 23 ... 




II-- 


S093 S 6 


* 


0019 1 5 


14717 9 11 


1 900 17 i 1 




1J92 19 f 


63 19 


95 4 


718 2 11 


970 5 11 


140 1 ... 


4 1 


**5SO 6 4 


259 9 


455 3 Z 


335 16 3! 1030 14 10| . . . 13<J2 3 


. . . 


t7350 12 S 


023 9 Id 


1327 14 i- 


1428 9 10 h 10730 6 117735 64 ... 

.. 


143 ( 




Iti373ll 7 li 


5)3(i8 1 4 


h)3889 18 .V 164700 10 1i 55(i74 < 17 8 


f IS748 8 10 2298 11 2 


117 1 



Decrease. ! 



i. D. \ S. D. 

>*72 1! W\ 

i 1204 1 Pj 

ti9.-L 12 M 

1142 17 ft 

1288 17 3 



1 10 



13S 17 6; 






SCOB1E & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 81 


Schedule of Canada JBebentures in Provincial Currency, 

Shewing tht Amount Outstanding, the Rate of Interest, and the Amuvnt Past. Due, on, the Wi March, 1848. 


Under what Act DKSCRIPTIOS. 
issued. 


Sums in 
Currency. 


Total C y 


- Past due. 


OF THESE DEBENTURES, 
2637 10 is at 2, 3, 4, 5 & (i f ct. per an. 
149510 00 " 5 cent. 
5000 00 " SA " 
3431(36 17 6 " " 
5003 14 7 (34 

The total ainountof Debentures redeemed in 
J. C. at various period*, is 202.000 C y. 


> VVm. 4, ch. f. Burlington Hay Canal ? 
t " " 16.i do. ) 
3. " 19.| do. 
2Geo. 4, " 12.1 do 


s. u. 
3000 

1,500 
2000 

3noo o o 

2,500 


J, 0. I). 


fret 


s. D. 






C.500 





C5HO 
3000 




5500 
2.5110 
20000 
2000 
3000 


6 

1) 

6 
5i 


I V\ m. 4, " &>.; do. 


2.">!)0 






.> " 23. Port Hope Harbour and Wharf 




21)00 
3000 






5000 
7000 
5000 








j t ** 0.5 do 


17000 
3000 
2000 (1 
2000 


ti 

3 
6 
6 


17000 
3000 
20t 
2IJOO 


3 " 17. St. Lawrence Navigation. . .. 








10000 
17(30 


* * 7G.j do. 


1.1 7 30 
1500 
12.50 



6 
5 


1100 
l.VH) 
12.50 


i 

Ain t past due, 








.50000 
3200 C 




5320 
2(537 10 
19371 14 
572*30 


6 

* 


5 




51350 
Redeemable in 
1848.. 119 13 4 
li-49. . 2619 13 4 
1850. . 20119 13 4 
18.51. . 21HOO 
1K52. . 4500 
l a .53. . 545.50 


l&5Vic. " 4&[PurchiibeorWelPhd C l Stock. 
7 " 31. do 






1500 6 
5iii;6 o o 






1500 
3.59 




l c .5! ! 
5000 


6 
6 


"* \Vtn 4 ** f>" f^rit; and Ontario Rail Rofui 


* * HI. Kingston and Napanee Road. . 
2 Vic. " 51.! do. 


1100 


4988 17 : ] 
IO(iO 
3050 
21 Mid 
4103 13 5 
,y:0 
3430 
85 IS 



6 
(j 
5 


6 
6 
5 
6 

(} 

6 
(t 
6 




1854. . 4150 


. . i . 


1-.5.5. . 4?50 
1857. . 29700 
l,-,5". . 290 
18.59. . 61177 11 2$ 










I Vic. " fa- insurance Lo^es, Lf. C 







1~W.. 7700 
1361. . 101P7 10 
1863. . 22871 14 
1864. . 1000 
1866. . 8518 12 4 
1867. . 4750 














^-n oo o o 
35700 




io;r;oo o o 

6000 
20000 
227.50 
52935 










1871.. 131700 
1874. . 42500 
1875. . 7500 










Total 






50(1314 7 6||. . . . 


51350 


.5003i4 7 0^ 


i VLC** 


* Interest 2^ $ cent. 1st and 2nd year ; 3 > cent. 3rd ; 4 $ cent. 4tli ; 5 9 cent. 5th ; anc 
following years. 

BANKS. 

Bank of Montreal. 

HEAD OFFICE PLACE D ARMES, MONTREAL. -CAPITAL, 750,000, 
Hon. Peter McGill. President ; T. B. Anderson, Vice President ; and eleven Directors : ^ 
Cashier. Uueliec William Gunn, Manager. Toronto James F. Smith, President : U 
AORNTS. Kingston C. Miller. Hamilton H. C. Baker. Cohourg C. H. Morgan, 
mond. Brockvilip J. Stevenson. London J. Fraser. St. Catharines H. Mittleberc 
Macnider. Brantford W. Muirhead. Picton C. Mortimer. Peterboro R. Nicholls. Gu 
St. Thomas E. Ennntinger. Cornwall W. Mattice. Port Hope R. N. Waddell. Port 
GRKAT BRITAIN. LONDON Glynn, Halifax, Mills fc Co. LIVKRPOOI, Bank of Liverpc 
Britich Linen Company and Branches. Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. Halifax Uni 
St. John Commercial Bank, New Brunswick. UNITED STATES. NEW YORK D. S. K 
Samuel Henslmw &, Son. 

Batik o! Upper Canada. 

CAPITAL, ,500,000. INCORPORATED 1821. 

Wm. Proudfoot, President ; Hon. Christopher Widmer, Vice President : and thirteen Dir 
Ridout, Cashier. Discount Day Wednesday. OFIT-MS AND AowvriBn. Montreal, Joseph 
TtjoraaB J. LeuzMtt ; Kingston, William G. Hind* -. Port Hope. Elms P. Smith ; Niagara. Ti 
Umrton, James Hamilton ; Chatham, George Thomas ; Godfricii, John McDonald ; Barr 
Penewnguishene, W. 11. Hamilton ; Chippowa, James Macklem ; Stratford, John C. V 
ASXT. Xiw YORK James G. Kin? t Sons; LO.NTXIN, Glyn, Halifax, Mills t Co. ; Me 
VeMrt. B*rcly, Fevan, Trittou &. Co. ; Hctri- t, Farfjuhaj &, Co. SCOTLAKB British Line 
t F<iinH)rsh. and }\ it? bmr- 


1 6 * cent. 6th and 

C Y. 

Alexander Bimp*on 
. Wilson, Cashier 
Jytowri A. Druni- 
er. Belleville C. 

elnh - ,,,.,- 


Stanley R. Smith, 
ol. EniNBi Rsn 
k of Nova Scotia. 
innedy. BOSTOJ; 

;ctors. Thomas G. 
iVenham ; Bytown, 
lomas McConniek : 
ft, Edmund Lally ; 
r. Daly. FOREIGN 
srs. Courts 4 Co. , 
n Company s Bank 



SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 



Commercial Bank of the mdland District, Kingston. 

CAPITAL, 500,000. INCORPORATED 1832. 

Hon. John Hamilton, President; Hon. John Macaulay, Vice President; and seven Directors. Francis A. 
Harper, Cashier ; W. F. Harper, Accountant. Discount Days Mondays arid Thursdays, BRANCHES Toronto 
John Cameron, Cashier. Montreal Charles S. Ross, Cashier. Hamilton Henry McKinstry, Cashier. 
AGENTS. Cobonrg J. S. Thomson. Bytown Edward Malloch, Esquire, M. P. P. Brockville Hon. Jame 
Morris. Discounts daily at the above Branches and Agencies. Belleville R. Finlay. Gait Adam Ainslie. 
Holland Landing Arthur McMaster. London Charles Monsarrat. Oshawa James Laing. Picton David 
Smith. St. Catharines George Rykert. ENOLAND London Joint Stock Bank. SCOTLAND -Commercial Bank 
of Scotland, and branches; Clydesdale Bank, Glasgow. IRELAND Boyle, Low, Pirn & Co., Dublin. NEW 

ORK David 8. Kennedy. 

Bank of British North America, London, England. 

CAPITAL, 1,000,000 STERLING. INCORPORATED 1840. 

Board of twelve Directors. Secretary Georse I.)e Bosce Attwood. Inspector of Branches Thomas Paton. 
BRANCHES. Toronto Walter Gibson Tassels, Manager. [Discount Days Tuesdays and Fridays at 10 A.M.] 
Quebec Robert Cassels, Manager. Montreal David Davidson, Manager. Kingston Samuel Taylor, Mana 
ger. Hamilton Alex. Campbell, Mauaeer. Port Hope David Smart. Agent. Dundas J. B. Ewart, Agent. 
SauKSte. Marie J. Ballenden, Agent. Mali tax, N. S. S. N. Binney, Manager. St. John, N. B. F.W. Wood, 
Manager. Fredericton, N. B. Geo. Tavior, Manager. St. John s, Newfoundland. A. Milroy, Manager. LON 
DON Court of Directors. NEW YOKK Bell, Maclachlan & Ransom. 

<iee Bank, Hamilton. 

INCORPORATED BY An <>r THE PROVINCIAL PARLIAMENT. CAPITAL, jE100,000. 

Colin C. Ferrie, President: Andrew Steven, Cashier. Discount Days Tuesday in each week. 

\GENTs.-Simcoc, Henry Webster: Woodstock, H. C. Harwich,; Gait, Absalom Shade; Guelph, Thomnel 
Sandilands ; St. Thomas, Thomas Hodge; Chatham, Witherspoon & Charleris; Toronto the Bank of Up- 

)er Canada, and all its Agents in Canada, where the Gore Bank has no Agents. ENGLAND, LONDON Glyri, 

ialtifax, Mills & Co. ; Barclay, Be van, Tritton &. Co. ; Coutts &, Co.; Curries & Co.; Smith, Payne &. Smiths. 
SCOTLAND the Union Bank of Scotland and its branches. IRELAND the branches of the Provincial Bank of 

reland. NEW YORK Ward & Co. 

City Bank, of Montreal. 

PLACE D ARMES. CAPITAL, .300,000. 

J. G. Mackenzie, President; D. P. Ross, Vice President; and nine Directors. 
er. Discount days Mondays and Thursdays. 

Baiique du Pcuple. 

GREAT ST. JAMES STREET. CAPITAL, 200,000. 
Hon. L. M. Viger, President; Jacob DeWitt, Vice President; and ten Directors. B. H. Lcmoine, Cashie 

Abstract Statement of the Number of Emigrants who arrived at the Port o 

Quebec during- the Year 1847. 



Charles H. Castle, Cash 



ARRIVED FROM 



ingland . 

reland. . 

cotland . 

Sermany . 



otal Embarked 

Died at Sea and Quarantine.. . . 



Landed at Quebec . 
dd Births at Sea. 



No. of 
Ships. 



133 

224 

38 

36 



431 



Cabin Adults . 

rassen- 
gers. Males. Females 



Children. 



Males. Females 



In 
fants. 



218 11943 

295 ! 19048 

175 1080 

9 3449 



-or-4 4555 

10012 7810 

916 505 

2003 1133 



4S84 

MIS 

o8 



2349 



_ Total. 
Males. Females 



16827 



2869 ! 27406 



163 ! 
226 



35526 , 27515 13803 
2709 i 1861 1502 



14769 
1668 



5607 
907 



1654 
4348 

50295 
4377 



695 



32817 



29654 12301 



13101 j 4700 I 45918 
! 172 



13139 

23822 
1421 
2930 



41318 
3363 

379.55 



The Male Adults come 
nder the following heads : 

Mechanics 1185 

armers 1UKI6 

labourers 23239 

Servants 8 



83986 

ied at Sea and 
Quarantine 2709 



32817 



jTotal number landed in the colony. . 8387E 
Infants under one year 4872 



Total Steerage 88745 

Add Cabin Passengers . 695 



Grand Total. 1847 89441) 

" 1846 32753 



Increase 56687 

iTptal number who embarked, 98088 
Died on Passage or in Quaran 
tine 8648 



i-9410 



American 
on 



4872 j 

Lakes bordering 
Canada. 



Champlain . . 
Ontario .... 

Erie 

St. Clair. . . . 

Huron 

eorgian Bay 
Michigan .. . 
Superior . . . 



JGreatestlAveraije 



Miles. 



width. 
Miles. 



105 
180 
240 
18 
270 
120 
340 
4-20 



12 
52 
f>7 
25 
105 

83 
135 



width. 
Milea. 



40 
38 
13 
70 
45 
58 
100 



Immigrant Agents. 

CANADA. A. C. Buchanan, Quebec : T. VVeatheriy, Montreal; A. B. Hawke, Kingston; D. R.Bradley. 

oronto ; and J. H. Palmer, Hamilton. NKW BRUNSWICK Moses H. Perley, St. John, and the Deputy Treasurer* 

iroixghoat :he Province GREAT BRITM* AND IRFLAWD London, Lieut. Lean, R. N. ; Liverpool, Lt. Hodder. 

.. N. Plymouth, Li. Care w, R. N ; Lcrdonc^rry, Li. Ramsay, R. N. ; Dublin, Lt, Henry, R. N. ; Wa ^rtbrd 1 , 

Cera. Piiie. R. N. ; Cork, Lt. Frirnd. R. .V. ; RvlfuKt, Lt. gfark^, k. N. ; l.nnt-rirk, .Mr. LynrJi. K. ."v. ; t,ret~ 

rxxt, Lt. KerreM, E. H. ; Eligo, Lt. 8hntt!evvorih ana Moriarty. 



From 


1341. 


1842. 1^13.|1644. 


1845.| 1846 . 


1-47. 

2-41- 
5027(1 
3315 

7437 


In the 5 years from 1829 to 1833 there arrived 167,697 
183-1 to 1839 " 96,351 
1839 to 1843 " 123,860 
" " 1844 to lt>16 " 78,271 
In the vear 1*47 63,440 


England. . . . 


878 

8431. 
4211 
374 

ISL-O; 


12493 
J.VlTti 
5887 
524 


6940 
9633 
4178 
430 


7701 
9773 
2451 
217 


88G3I 9163 
1490821049 
2171 1645 
160 

896 


Scotland .... 
Lower Ports. . 
Germany .... 

Totals. . . . 


Total 555,619 


U371 


21187 


20142 


25375 ;32753 


89-140 





SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 



83 



Comparative Statement of Emigrants arrived, ut Quebec in each year 

since 1841. 



As nearly as can be ascertained, the total number of Emigrants to Upper Canada during the year 1847 
amounted to 76,380, of whom 15,226 were admitted into the Hospitals at the various stations ; the total numbei 
of deaths U estimated at 3,805. Rather more than 17,000 have gone to the United States, the remainder have 
been pretty equally distributed over all the settled parts of Upper Canada 
No record has been kept of the number of persons who came to Canada via the united States. 



Indian Returns. 

Return of Equipments for. . . 1846 18-17 18-18 



( Chiefs 49 



Commander of the Forces. 

HEAL QUARTERS riOREL. 



Thomas Rae ; Niagara Thos. Eggar Trsw ; Qutbeo- 
1 Ferguson Twos. Coisvcirthy ; Prescott Fulford Bastard 
Feiidej Bytowu Hew F. Oriel ; William Henry- 
Lieutenant General Sir Benjamin D Lrban, G.C.B.,; John McF arlan ; Chamblv-James Skyrme ; Londou- 
K.C.H., Sorel ; Capt. V. Kirkland, 20th Foot, Military Vv jlliain Stanton. 

Secrttary ; Major Talboi, 43rd Foot, A.D.C. ; Brevet! rj eputll Assistant Commissary Generals. Quebec- 

MaiprSir J. Alexander, 14th Foot, and Capt. Murray, \viiiiam" Henry Ualryn.ple ; Montreal J. Salusburj 

H. V.. Extra .A.D.C. iUavenport; Auihersibur^li Humphrey S. Jones ; 

GENERAL Om< KRS. Major General the Hon. Charles, .\i olltr eal Leonce Routh -, Quebec David Ros Lee , 

1111 Harrington de Faublanque -, Peue 



Chiefs 190 

Warriors 2687 

Women 31.59 

733 
713 

. 1 to 4. 
(10 to 14. 
~ < 5 to 9. 
( 1 to 4. 



* (10 to 15. 
o? 5 to 9. 



81*0 
555 
671 
973 



46 
50 

n 

Ib9 

3471 

40J7 

904 

934 

1190 

710 

848 

1146 



46 
50 

79 
187 

3-293 

3875 
800 
959 

1201 
649 
888 

1214 



1849 



190 

335G 

3977 

781 

850 

10-24 

615 

831 

1021 



Totals. . . 10756 13664 13-241 12S1S 



Population 

UPPFR CA.VADA ( 18-12], Sq. 
Miles, 46,461$. Gross Pop 

ulation, from 1*24 to I84w : 

ly-24 151,097 

1825 158.027 

1830 210,437 

183-2 261,060 

1834 3-2!),l>93 

1636 372,50-2 

1S39 407,515 

1841 465,357 

1842 486,055 

1848 721,144 



of Canada. 

[ LOWER CANADA, Squart 
Miles, 198.9H9. Gross Pop 
i ulatiou in 1844, 691,193. 

Gross Population in 1848. 

780,000. 

1848, U. Canada. . 721,144 
do. L. Canada. . 7s9.000 

1,501,144 
Emigrants arrived 

at duel ec to 16th 

September, 1S48 26,167 
Reported additional 42t ; 

1848, total Popula 
tion of Canada 1,337,757 



MILITARY AND NAVAL. 



Major General William Rowan, C. B., Kingston, Capt. tanguishene James Knight Goold ; Quebec Patrick 
Wetherall, Rifle Brigade, A.D.C. N Telltr . lsle aux if oi s_Win. H . u usher . Niagara 

COLONELS ON THE STAFF. Colonel Dynely, C. B., f reder ick S. Parker ; Montreal Charles T. Walcot. 
Commanding Rmjal Artillery, Montreal ; Colonel; Treasury Clerks. Kingston J. Bloodfallwey and J. 
Holloway, C. B., Commanding Royal Engineers, Mon-; s c c .Sutherland, Arnherstburgh C. E. Babington ; 
treal ; Bt. Major Burn, R. A., M^for uf *V^. Cluebcc J. Roberts. T. F. Moore, and M. B. Irvine ; 
Montreal. | Su Johns C. E. Prohyn ; Montreal D. C. Napier, 



Adjutant General s Department. 



P. P. Harris, Fo* M. tule Rogers, and \V. T. McKin- 



Colonel Wetherall, K. H. & C. B., Deputy Adjutant stry ; London A. T. West and J. Nieve ; Bytown 
General, Montreal; Lieut. Colonel Plomer Young, K.H.,jVVilliam Guiiu. 

Astistant Adjutant General, Kingston; Lieut. Colonel . _ ._. iii-v-isr,,,! wt.^tr 

Pritchard, Assistant Adjutant Genera/, Montreal ; Capt.i , IV 7 ,, ,? , 

Griffin, unattached, Deputy Assistant Adjutant General, Montreal M. M. Mahony, M. D., inspector Gtntral 
Montreal; Capt. ClaremoiU, Royal Canadian Rides, J _HspilaU ; Kingston-Alex. Melym.^Maf 




Adjutant. Penetanguishene. | Montreal (St. Helens;, William C. Seaman, M. D., 

Stuff Assist. Surg.; Penetanguishene E. W. Bawtree, 

(luarter Master General s Department. M j^., staff J*uL Surf .; Me aux Nois-Willian! 
Lieut. Colonel -Mackenzie Frazer, H. P., Deputy Qr. Simpson, M. B., Stuff Assistant Surg.-, Quebec, 
Master General, Montreal; Bt. Major de Rottenburg, Downes ; Bytown, Laing ; Montreal, Rutherford; 
H. P., Assistant Qr. Master General, Kingston; Capi. Montreal H. W. H. Leslie, Medical Clerk ; Montreal 
Ingall, unattached, Deputy Assistant do., Quebec ; Thomas Raffan, Medical Clerk ; Montreal, Smith, 
Capt. Ready, 71st Regt., Deputy Assistant do., Montreal. Messenger. 

Commissariat Department. Ordnance Department. 

COMMISSARIAT OFFICERS BY SENIORITY IN CANADA. 

There will be many changes in January. 
Commissary General William Filder, Montreal. 



Deputy Commis y General Lovel Pennell, Montreal. 

Atsittant Commissary Gtneralt. Montreal John 
Wood; Toronto Thannat Houston Thomson; King- 
gon Wm. Bailey ; Montreal John Lane : Quebec 



HEAD QUARTERS MONTREAL. 



Respective. Officers Col. Dynely, C. B., Commanding 
Royal Artillery, Canada ; Col. Holloway, Commanding 
Royal Engineers, Canada ; James Simon Elliott, 
Ordnance Storekeeper ; W. H. Blenkarne, Ktq., Deputy 
Ordnance Storekeeper. _ 



84 



SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 



Ordnance Clerk* Messrs. Edward Fayrer, J. Grei?, CIL EBEC. 

Edward TVilgrcss; George WHgress, and G." P. Stepbeutf;] Military Branch W. R. Ord, Lieut. Colonel ; A. 
Mr. 11. W. Tri"ge, Assistant Clerk. TSeatty and George Bent, Captains; J. A.L.Murray, 

QUKUEC. Lieut. 

Respective Officers Lieut. Col. Higssins, Commanding Cii:il Fr/inch R. Sands, Clerk of Works ; De. Jon- 
Royal Artillery, C.E. ; Lieut. Col. Orel, Commanding athan Bennett : Do. E.W.Wright; P. Peters, Clerk : 
Royal Engineers, C. E. ; Richard 1 ean, Ordnance B. Collyer, Clerk ; William Thorpe, Clerk ; John Hall, 
Storekeeper. Ur)k-e Keeper. 

Ordnance O/erfo Messrs. Adolphus P. Thomas; KINGSTON. 

Donald Grant, .Inn.; and John Bliah. Military Brnnch T. H. Fenwick, Lieut. Colonel : 

KINGSTON. :C. McCausland, Captain ; W. L. Morrison, Lieut. 

Respective Officers Lieut. Col. Dnlton, Commanding Civil Brand George Houghton, Clerk of Works : 
Royal Artillery, C. \V. ; Lieut. Col. Fenwick, Com- Do. Richard Bean ; Samuel Shaw, Clerk; Do. T. B. 
mandingRoyai Engineers, C. W. ; James A. Harvey, Harper; Do. James H. Oakes ; Do. George H. 1 eak . 
Ordnance Storekeeper. ;John Grist. Foreman of Works; Do. William Wright: 

Ordnance Clerks Messrs. Thomas Gurly, William Alexander Magum, Office Keeper. 
Macintosh, and William Eeles. TORONTO. 

RIDEAU CANAL, BYTOWN. Mil-lnni TlrniidiG. . Pane, Capt. and Bt. Major. 

Respective Officers Capt. C. E. Ford, Royal Engi- Civil hranclt Thomas i!. VV 7 right, Clerk of Works ; 
neers ; Seih Thomas, Jun., Ordnance Storekeeper. William Glrtnes, Office Keeper. 

Ordnance Clerks Messrs. T. McDonald and J. G. NIAGARA. 

Playter. Timothy Synow, Office Keeper. 

TORONTO DISTRICT. LONDON. 

Respective Officers Capt. S. Freeth, Royal Ensineers:: Andrew Kemp, Foreman of Works ; William Barker, 
William Antrormg llolwell, Deputy Ordnance Store- Office Keeper. 
keeper. CANAL DISTRICT, BYTOWN. 

Ordnance Clerk Mr. John Durnford ; Assist. Clerk, Military Branch C. E. Ford, Captain; W T . H. 
Mr. Maitland Raynes. Syime, Lieut. : F. R. King, Lieut., [defining Ordnancei 

ISLE AUX NOIS. Boundaries iu C. W. ;j R. I). Kerr, Lieut. 

Deputy Ordnance Storekeeper A. L. Wools. Civil Uranch Nelson Walker, Surveyor and Draft*-] 

OTTAWA CANAL, CARILLON. |man ; James Corhett, Clerk of Works; Do. John! 

Deputy Ordnance Storekeeper Peter Monsell. JBrophy : WUianCiegg> Clerk; Do. Charles J. Clarke :l 

Barrack Wasters. , James Fitzgibbon, Foreman of Workb ; Paul Cooper, 

Montreal District Montreal and St. Helens W. H-j IZe^imrnftal. 

Gray; Chainbiy Major F. B. Eliot : St. Johns T.; Rayfl! Artillery IA. Col. Hi^ ins, Quebec ; Lt. Col. | 
Bate ; William Henry T. Stephens, [W.] Dalton, Kingston -. Capt. Dai-res, London. 

Quebec Thomas Trigge ; (Acting) W . Me- Rayal j^mfinters Lt. Col. Ord, Quebec , Lt. Col.! 
Donald. Fenwick, Kingston ; Capt Freeth, Toronto. 

KingtloH District Kingston Francis Raynes ; Pres-i 79lh Highlanders, Lt. Col. Hon. L. Maule, Com-j 
eott T. Luard. financing, Qtaebieb ; R. B. Rifle Brigade, Lt. Col. 

Rideau. Canal (Acting) S. Thomas, [O.S.] Lawrence, (iuebec ; R. B. 23rd Fusileers, Lt. Col. 

Isle am Tfois f Acting-) A. L. Wools, (D.OX.J Holmes, Montreal ; l!)tlt Regt., Lt. Col. Hay, Montreal :, 

Ottawa Canal, CanUun-( Acting) P. Monsell, R. B 71st Rci , u Lieut. Col. Sir Hew Dalrymple.j 
D.O.S.J jSt. Johns, Commanding, fdfiachnipnts at Sorel and 

Turunto District Toronto H. Cornwall ; Niagara, St. Helens] ; 1st Bat. -2Uth Regt., Major Crofton, Com- 

Chippawa, and Port Robinson A. Garrett ; London, maiulina, Kingston; Left \Vins, Ri fle Brigade, Capt. 

1 hompson Wilson; Amherstburgh, Win.lsor, and;\vilkinson. Commanding, Kindlon; -2nd Bat Riflei 

Ohatliam W. Dutf; Penetanguishene David Hogg. Brigade, Major Estcn, Comnmnding, Toronto ; 3 

Royal Engineer Depsvrtiueiit. Companies Royal Canndian Rifles," Major Muter.j 

HEAD QUARTER OFFICE-MONTREAL. Commanding, Toronto; Head Quarters Royal Canadian j 

Military Branc.h-W. C. E. Hollowav, C.H., Colonel $&<< Lt ;, ( ol - >e ^ 1 O1 u "i"" ( - 1 mrn:in( . 1 ! 11 S- N , J ^* ra M 
-ommanding Royal Engineers in Canada: B. S. 
Sthel in, Captain and Assist. Commanding Roval Bngi- 



, 1 u 1 . , 

Reserve Battalion 20th Re., Lieut. Colonel Horn, 

< n ian ll 2 - *> n ">*- ( OII1 r! y Royal <,anadmn! 



, a a s. - n - 

neere; J. R. Mann, Lieut, and Act. Adjutant Royal :^" ps D Ma J r Taylor, Commandmc, Amher s tburgh.| 

Sn"ineer [This Reannent furnishes rietftchinents also at Phil-| 

c " iinwhnr 



Civil Branch R. J. Pilkineton, Draftsman : Charles 
iValkem, Surveyor and Draftsman ; C. A. Lancaster, 



linshiirsr. Chateanguay, Bytown, St. Jolins, <^oteau du| 
Lac, Pres ott, Brockville, Chippawa, Windsor, Pene-, 
e, and Kingston.] 



Survevor and Draftsman ; John Owens, Clerk of Works; 

James Kerr, Clerk; John Stephens, Cierk ; F. W. * a . va! . * < on the Calces of 

Lancaster, Clerk ; F. N. Boxer, Clerk ; John Gardiner, . k ^ f *\" *!. *U hottepoww, Lake Ontario. 

Clerk: Joseph Collard, Foreman of Works: James , " " Com William R Dayies. 1 ah May. 1-18 ; Assist, 

Robertson. Office Keeper ; P. MofFatt, Office Keeper. ^ "" f OM - Mward Pearce, f Actins], lab June, 1&47 ; 

--.._ Clerk in charge, James I. Riccalton, 1st July, 1846. 

MONTREAL DIVISION C Muhawlt steam vessel, (id horse power, Lake Huron, 

Military Branch-E. S. Beatson, Captain ; C. Pa*lay,| Lieut . Conl Frederick C. Herbert : Assistant Surgeon, 

ieut. ; J. Moggndge, Lieut. . C | erk h , c | )arge> Thomas P. Atrill, [Acting], 

Civil Branch Thomas Kinton, Clerk of Works : Po.]-ilth April, 1847. 

Thomas Rawe ; Norman Lament, Clerk ; H. J. Ledley,! The Station is left in charge of the senior Lieut., 
?!erk ; A. J. Ford, Clerk ; William Jnso, Foreman of William R. Davies, and the appointments are for five 
/Vbrks: Do. T. B. f ockburn ; Do. William Hadden ;,vears. Dockyard Establishment at Kingston. Clerk in 
imes Frasr, Office Keeper. icharge of Stores, David Taylor, 3rd March, 1845. 



EASTERN PROVINCES. 

The Eastern Provinces of British North America comprise Nova Scotia, including the Island of Cape Breton ; 
Vew Brunswick, and the Island of Prince Edward. These are nominally comprised, along with Canada, in thel 
Jeneral Government of British North America, and are presided over by the Governor General, who resides in! 
Montreal, administering the Governmentof Canada, while each of the other Provinces has a resilient Lieutenant! 
governor, by whom their several affairs are respectively administered. In each Province the Lieutenant 1 
Governor is assisted in his administration by an Executive Council, similarly composed with that of Canada :i 
and there is also a local Legislature, or Parliament in each, consisting of three branches, viz., the Lieutenant > 
iovernor representing Her Majesty, a Legislative Council the members of which are appointed by the 
Sovereign for life, and ,n House of Assembly chosen bv the people. 



. >CO{a. -. I -iV I, .:il,!j5 10 

n Lieutenant General Sir John Exports, du J-3i,ti7l 1 

iarvey, K.C.B. and K.C.IL Private Secretary, II. J. There was paid by the P rovince, in t*17. for support 
larvey. of Colleges, Academies and Common Schools, -El 1,1 2,- 

Cors-ci!, Honorable? James B. UniacXe. lSs. 6d. Sterling. 
\ttorney General : Michael Tobin. Hugh Bell, Jo.-epn ( For S<n-a Scotia Tariff see page <V*.) 

{owe. Provincial Secretary : James McNab, H. Hun- 

ington. William F. Deubarresj Solicitor General ; I,. 0. New ISrunswick. 

. Doyle, and George R. Young. Lieutenant Governor sir Edmund VV. Head. Bart. : 

LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL Hoti. Michael Tobin, Presi Provincial Secretary The Hon. John R. Partelow. 
lent, and twenty other members, including the Lori Tne Kxeciiuve Council usually consists of nhoutseveii 
Nihop of Nova Scotia, members. The Legislative Council, of a President. 

OP ASSEMBLY Hou. William Young. Speaker.iajid about fifteen members . and the Bouse of AwewWj 
*nd JO other members, of whom 11 are relumed for of tinny-nine member*, including the .Speaker, all Ot 
onnties and 24 for townships. Clerk of Assembly, iviioai represent counties, witii (lie exception of two. 
olin Wliidden. Iwho are returned for the city of St. John. 

COURT OK CHANCERY Chancellor, the Lieutenant, THE COURTS consist of a Court ol Chancery, having 
Governor ; .Master of the Rolls, the Hon. Alex. Stewart: the Lieutenant Governor for Chancellor, and "a Mastei 
Registrar and Examiner, V W. White. ...f tiie Hulls : a Supreme Court of Judicature, presides 

SUPREME COURT OF JL-mCATTk!; Chief Justice, the uver by the Chief Justice, and three othe Justices: 
Ion. Bretiton Halliburton ; Assistant Judges [there i- : : Court of Vice Admiralty, and other Judicutories. 
i vacancy on the Bench by the late demise of the Hon. [analogous to t.ho*e established in \ova Scoiia. Master 
Win. Hill,] Win. 15. Bliss," Thomas C. Haliburton, anrt of the Rolls Hon. ?.. Parker; Registrar D. L. 
B. M. Uodd. Clerk of the Crown and Prothonatory, Robinson : CliieC Justice Hon. \V. t iumnan, LL.D. 
ames W. Nutting. Justices Honorable* JaiiK -s Carter, Robert Parker, aiui 

COURT OF ERROR The Lieutenant Governor and George F. Street; Clerk of the Crown J. A. Street: 
Sxectuive Councillors. Clerk of the Fleas Hon. George Shore ; Judge and 

COURT OP MARRIAGE AND DIVORCE President, the Commissary of Vice Admiralty Hon. R. L. Hagen ; 
jieutenant Governor; Vice President, the Chief Justice. Registrar and Scribe, J. M. Robinson. 



nd the Executive Councillors. 
COURT OF VICE ADMIRALTY Vice Admiral, the G6v-| 
ernor General of British North America : Judge ant 

-oinmissary. the Hon. and Worshipful Alex r Stewart : 
Registrar, James S. Tremain. 

COMMISCICIVKRS FOR THE TRIAL OF OFFENCES CoM- 

HIOH SEAS President, the Judge of 



SCOB1E & BALKOUK S C-\A AJ)IA.\ AL.vlA.\AC. 



85 



Metnliers, the Lieutenant Governor 



H1TTKD ON THK 

Vice Adiniralty 
ind Executive Councillors, the Admiral of the Squadron. 
he Chief Justice and Judges of the Supreme Court, the 
"rovincial Secretary and Treasurer, and the Flag 
Officers of the Squadron in Port. 

The Area of Nova Scotia, including Cape Breton, is 
ibout 18,UUU square miles. Halifax is the capital, and 
he only Incorporated Town in the Province. The last 
ensns, taken in 1KJ7, gives the population of the Pro- 
ince at 199,900. The population of the towns has never 
been officially ascertained ; and there has been no ac 
count kept of the increase of population by Immigration. 



Revenue, 1**7 

Expenditure, 1*47 12-2,-2 iJ 



4 Sterling. 
1 



Frederick-ton is the capital of the Province ; but thf 
-ity of St. John is the most important commercial place, 
For Tariff of Customs, see unye 4!*.j 

Prince Edward 

Lieut. Governor Sir D. Campbell, Bart.-, Provincial 
secretary The Hon. T. H. lia\ iland. Charlottetown 
s the capita) of the Island. 

N e w i o u ndl an 1 . 

The Island of Newfoundland if under a distinct 
Government, unconnected with the British North 
American Colonies. A few years ago its constitution 
was abrogated by the Imperial Parliament, and a 
new one conferred, yielding them only one Legislative 
Branch, the members of which are partly appointed 

elected by the people 
-Sir John Caspard Le 
Mnrchand ; Commandant Lieut. Col. Law; Cclonia 
secretary James Crowdy ; Attorney General E. M 
Archibald. Capital of the Island St. Johns. 



the Governor, mid partly 
Governor and Vice Admiral- 



Ne\v?oimcllaii<l Tariff, in addition to the Imperial Tariff. 



Sterling. 

S. 1). 

Apple, per barrel t) 

Ale, Porter, Beer, 

Cider, Perry, ID ct. Ad Vnl. 
iread or Biscuits, per cwt. ..03 

Jutter, per cwt 02 

?oals. per ton 10 

r lour, per barrel of 196 Ibs. . . 1 ti 
"urniture, House- 

hold.ofwood, KJ^ct. Ad fa/. 

Dumber, inch thick, per 1000 ft. 2 

Meat, salted or cured, per cwt. 1 6 

Molasses, per gallon . . 1| 

Oatmeal, per barrel of 200 Ibs. li 



Sterling. 
SPIRITS, not over proof hySykes s. D. 

Hydrometer : 

Brandy. Geneva. Cordials, or 
others not enumerated, per 

gallon 26 

Rum and Whiskey, per gallon 6 
And so in proportion for any 
greater strength or greater or less 
quantity. 

SUGAR, bastard or manufactured 
not refined, and not rated in 
the Imperial Tarilf, per cwt. 5 

Unrefined or Clayed Free 

Refined, per cwt 50 

Table of Exemptions. 



Sterling- 
s. D. 

TIMBER, Ton, Balk and Scant- 
line, per ton 16 

Sli ingles, per 1000 Id 

TIM, per Ib U 3 

oBAfcn, manufactured and 

leaf, per Ib 2 

i Stems, per cwt 20 

Cuars, per 1000 10 

jWiNES, in bottles, per gallon. . 2 6 

All other Wine*, per gallon. . 1 6 
I Goods, Wares .and .Merchandize, no 
otherwise enumerated, and not de 
clared free, 5 per cent. Ad Valorem. 



Books, Printed : Pamphlets, iYT-.ps and Chart*. 

Coin and Bullion, Cotfee, Corn and Grain, unground, 
and all Seeds. 

Fishing implements and materials, viy. : Lines, 
Twines, Hooks, Nets and Seines. 

Horses, Mares and Geldings. 



Manures of all kinds, including Lime and Limestone 
Neat Cattle and Calves. 

Potatoes, and all other Vegetables. 

Rice teed, Refuse Rice, ground Rape Seed, and Lin- 
f?ed Cake. 

Salt, Sheep a"d flogs, Sugar unrefined or clayed. 



This Tariff would expire on the 31st of December 1849, but was expected to be then renewed, without any 
material change. 

PUBLISHERS NOTICE. 

The Compilers of the Canadian Almanac for 1=JP ha v endeavoured to improve upon the work of the previouf 
year, and they trust that the present volume bears evidence of perseverance in the attempt, and of euccew 
.attending their exertions. 

Notwithstanding that the work contain? an unusually In rue quantity of information, and that by the compref- 
jion of matter, and the nse of nmflll type, every pffort ha? l>ppn made to include in the foregoing paces the whole 



have, never- 
supplied rrom 
e lo hand too 



>f the valuable returns which were collected (or the Almannc during the past year, the Publishers 
lek-HS. been under the necessity of omitting a considerable portion of the materials which were 
various sources. 1 Ins arose, in most cases, from the circumstance of certain returns having com- 
ate to enable the Compilers to collate and prepare them for the press ; and it will be observed, that in a work of 
nil description, where returns iron, one or two Districts are delayed, it prevents the intended use being made of 
he corresponding returns from other District* which may have come to hand in due season, because the whole 
irtve to be arranged in tabular form together tor publication. The chief cause of the delay experienced has been 
late period at winch the census was taken, and the official returns made up ; but as far as the information 
vluch is contained in the foregoing pages goes, the utmost reliance may be placed upon its accuracy, the wholi 
laving been procured from authentic sources. 

The Publishers bog leave to tender their most respectful and cordial acknowledgments to the several parties to 
hey are indebted lor returns for the Canadian Almanac for 1849. and they trust thai, seeing the useful 
nirpose to which the information so obtained is applied, an application for similar assistance for next vear will 
be as cheerfully responded to by all. 

The edition of the Canadian Alumnae for 1848 consisted of 15,000 COVIKS, which were not only very generally 

circulated in the 1 rovince, but also in the sister Provinces and neighbouring States, and a considerable number 

ound their way to various pans of the United Kingdom. The demand was such that the whole edition of 

ij.uuo was very soon exhausted, and many applicants for copies to transmit to Europe and elsewhere, were 

(appointed. Eneourased, therefore, by the very flattering reception which the Canadian Almanac for 1^46 

;t with on all hands, the Publishers have printed 30,000 Conns of the present one for 1649, feeling assured 

in, o" y " even Ihis !ar; - e ei!ilion ma - v possibly fall short of the great demand for the work. 

1 ublisners. in soliciting contributions for the Canadian Almanac for IttfO. beg respectfully to request that 
parties may be pleased to send iu their intended favours as earlv as possible, in order to afford" the Compiler* 
ample time for arrangement. 

- SCOBIE & IALFOUR. 

TORONTO, 21st October, 1848. 



SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 



a.-, 



SUPPLEMENTARY. 

In a portion of the Almanac "John Moberly" is erroneously printed, instead of "fid. A. Walker" 

nspector of the Revenue District of Simcoe, p. 32. 

The vacant JuJgeship lias been filled up, by the appointment of the Hon. Robert Baldwin Sullivan thereto, p. S3. 

The following reads in connection witrt p. 47, but was not received in time to secure its proper place : 

Extract from a Circular to Collectors of Customs, dated /. G. 0. Customs Department, April, 1848. 

For the present and pending the consideration of regulations for establishing the allowance to be made for 

iraft and tare, you will deduct from the gross weight of goods the tare according to the original Invoice, the 

Correctness of which has been declared to you : and in the absence of such Invoice, or the omission of tare in 

the Invoice, you will cause the medium tare to be ascertained, by weieliing a few packages of the importation 

and adopting the result as the standard of the whole." 

[Signed] J. W. DUNSCOMB. 

The Newfoundland Tariff should have followed .that of New Brunswick, p. 50. but came to hand too lata for 
that purpose. 

In a portion of the Almanac " J. T. Gilkison" has been inserted as Agent for Crown Lands in the A tag-ara 
instead of the Oare District. The Crown Lands Agency for the Niagara District is vacant. 



INDEX 



PtL.aH.. PAGE. 

Agricultural Asocial u. 79 Crovru Lands Agents... 7s 

Appeal Court, U. C. . . 33 Currency Table 30 

L. C. . . 35 Customs Department. -. 3i 
Astronomical Tables 7 to 29 Customs inland. ..... 31 

Atlantic Packets 71 Orders 47 

Bankruptcy Court, U.C. 34!Debentures,Canada.oO,S,Sl 

" L.C. 35!Debt of Canada ti-j 

Banks ei District Limits, U. C. 

Baptist Clergy 77 i 

Barrack Musters 841 Othcers, U.C. 

British Tariff 40 Distances, Postal . . 

Canada Company. . . . aelUivisionsol Canada. 

Tariff 44|Eclipse= 

Chancery Court, U. C. . 33 j Education, Boards ol. 
Chronological Cycles... 3jEnngraut Agents. . . . 
Church of Engl d Clergy 73 Emigration Returns. . . 
Circuit Courts, U.C... Engineer Depart, Royal 



PAGE. 

Indian Returns 83 

Inspect r Gen.Departui t 31 

Jupiter s Satellites.. 7 to 29 
L.akes, the American... 82 
Law Officers of Crown. 31 
Legislative Assembly. . 33 



Council. 



Lunatic Asylum 

Mail Routes 00 

Measures in use L. C. . 37 



51 
.i l 

7e 

00 Medical [Army] Staff. . fc3 

oil Meteorological" Tables tito28 

o| Methodist Clergy 70 

71 Military 83 

SJErnigraut Agents fca Mnitia Department. . . 32 

sal Moon s Phases 7 to 29 

84J Naval Force on Lakes. 84 



L. C. . . Epochs 
Clerks of Peace, L. C... aiJExecutive, Provincial.. 3 

Colleges 721 Council ... 31 

Common Schools 71 Expenditure of t!anada. 79 

ommissanat sJ Farmers Calendar..*) to 2e 



Commissioners Court. .. 3.rFeasts, Moveable 



Compass, Variations of. 5 Fence Viewers,Duliesof 50 
(Congregational Clergy.. 70 ; Gardetv rs Calendar.. to2a 

Corporations 77 Uov.Gen.Sec y s office. . 3. 

Counties in U. C siiGovernm t Departments 31 

" in L. C 57|Grainand Pulse Weight. !( 

Courts of Justice, U.C. 33 Heir and Devisee Com. 57 



. it> 



New Brunswick 

Tariff. . 49 

Newfoundland 85 

Nova Sc.otia 85 

" Tariff. ... 48 

Observatory, Magnetical 30 
Overseers, Duties of. . . 5ti 
Ordnance Department. . 83 

Planets, the 7 to 29 

Pole Star 7 to 4* 

Population of Canada. . 83 

" on the Globe 39 
Post Office Department 59 



C. E. 35 Highways and Bridges 

Crown Office 34, imperial Parliaments... 7fe Postage Rates 59 

Lands Department 3l! " Standard Measures 38 Pound Keepers.Dutiesof 56 



PAGE 

Precedence, Table of.. . 30 
Presbyterian Clergy. . . 14 
Prince Edward Island. 80 
Frov. Registrar s office. . 3 
Prov. becretary sorfice.. 31 
Public Works Depart. .; 31 
Uu r Ses. Court of, U. C. 3-1 
" L. C. 36 
a. Bench, Court of, U.C. 

L.C. 35 
Receiver Cen.Departm t 3 

Reciprocity Act 4 

Regiments in Canada. . & 
Registrars of Counties. . 5: 
Revenue Inspectors. . . 3V 
" of Canada lH4!i-7 79 
" " 1848. . 80 

" Local, U. C . . . 7 
Roman Catholic Clergy 75 
Routes in Canada. ... 69 

Seasons, the 

Semi Diurnal Arcs. . . . 3< 

Sheriffs, L. C 35 

Standard Weight of 

Grain, &c 36 

Statute Labour 5" 

Telegraph, Elect. Mag. 7( 
Township Officers, &c. 5J 

Twilight 7 to* 

United States Tariff. . . 44 

Universities 71 

Weight* and Mpnsnres. 38 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



87 



GEO. FUTVOYE, 

BARRISTER, ADVOCATE, ATTORIiJEY AND SOLICITOR, 

PLACE D ARMES HILL, MONTREAL. 



TERMS OF ADMISSION 

IXTO THE 



e 

Adopted 21st October, 1848, by the Board of l-:<lm-a.rion for I ppcr Canada. 

ORDKRKP 1. That the semi-annual Sessions of the Normal School shall commenre on the fifteenth day of 
,May, and the fifteenth day of November, of each year, fand if those days fall upon Sunday, the day following,] 
jand continue for a period of Five months each to he concluded by a Public Examination, and followed by a 
vacation of one month. 

2. That all candidates for admission into the School, must comply with the following conditions : [1.] They 
must be, at least, fiiteen years of age ; [2] must produce a certificate of eood moral character, signed by th<> 
clergyman or minister of the religious persuasion with which they are connected ; |3] must be able to read 
and write intelligibly, and be acquainted with the simple rules of Arithmetic ; [4] must sign a declaration of; 
their intention to devote themselves to the profession of School-teachinp. , ind that their object in coming to thej 
Normal School is to qualify themselves berter for ihe important duties of that profession. Other students not,} 
candidates for School -teach ing, to be admitted without sisning such a declaration of their intention to become! 
Teachers, on paying the following fees : For attendance at an entire course of Lectures and instruction for! 
one Session. 1 IDs.; for attendance on the Lectures of either Master for an entire Session, \. 

3. Upon these conditions, candidates for School teaching shall be admitted to all the advantages of the Insti-i 
tution without any charge, either for tuition, the use of the Library, or for the books which they may be required! 
to use in the School. 

j 4. The Teachers-in-training shall board and lodge in the city, in such houses and under such regulations an; 
jare approved of by the Board of Education. 

5. A sum not exceed! 112 Fine Shillings per week, towards defraying the expenses of Board and Lodging, shall 
|be allowed, for the present, to Teachers-in-training requiring assistance, on condition that they will engage to) 
! ~emain for a period of not less than one session in attendance at the Normal School- 

6. All candidates for admission into the Normal School must present themselves during the firit iteek of ai 
session, otherwise they cannot be admitted. 

7. All applications for admission to be made to the Rev. Dr. RYERSON, Chief Superintendent of Schools,! 
oronto. 

8. Females as well as males, are admitted to, and instructed in, the Normal School. 

By order of the Board. 

J. GEORGE HODGINS, Recordinp Clerk. 

N. B. The attendance during last session was as follows, viz : Males, 104 ; Females, 2"2 ; Total, 1 26. 
OFFICE, Toronto, 21st October, 1848. 



R, H, GATES PATENT MILL-STONE FACTORY, 

,Wo. 16, Adelaide street, Toronto, 

Of all sizes, with or without his improvement. 

PATENT PORTABLE GRIST MILLS, 

Requiring only one-half Power all made out of the 
" best Burr Blocks also 

BOLTING CLOTH, SMUT MACHINES, 

Mill Screws, &c. &c. 




J. S. DENNIS, 

PROVINCIAL LAND SURVEYOR & DRAFTSMAN, 

WESTON, RIVER HUMBER ADDRESS TORONTO POST OFFICE. 




THE FARMER AND MECHANIC : 

A MONTHLY PERIODICAL, 



1>K VOTED TO 



Agricultural, Horticultural, Mechanical & Domestic Subjects 

TERMS THREE SHILLINGS AND NINE PENCE A YEAR; 
{10 Copies for Five Dollars; 5 Copies for Three Dollars, 3 Copies for Two IKillars; 

Except to Agricultural Societies, invariably in advance. 

TrBT,TOrTEB BY KASTXVOOD &. CO., CT YONGE STREET, TORONTO, C. W., 



TO WHOM U,:, IHPFKS ML ST BK Anr>RES:KD. 



|88 



The above rates fur life irHhout participation and lialf credit, will, upon comjiari.-un, r tbund to b> I,O\VEK 
than the similar tables of any other office at present otferiuu lo Assure in Canada, il 



per cent, below the average British rates. This 



THE CANADA LIFE ASSTJEANCE 

38 King street, Hamilton : 



CAPITAL, 50,000 0. 
HUGH C. BAKER, F.sy., President; JOHN* YOUNG, ESQ., Vice i re.ident. 

jTSoard of Directors : 

P. C. Gunn, Esq. 

W. P. McLaren. 

Sir A. N. M n Nah. M.P.P. 

Miles O Reili f, i> |. 

John VVetenhall, V.t>]. M.P.P. 

Richard P. Street, iisq. 

This Company, established for the purpose of extending ihe knowledge and practice of hife Assurance in 
British North America, orters to the intending Assurer the combined advantage* of local management, and it 
most important reduction </; ctmt consequent upon the local investment of its funds at a high rate of Compound 
Interest. The Directors are prepared to etl ect Assurances or grant Annuities in any of the great variety of 
methods usually employed by other Companies, or to purchase Reversionary Interests. On single lives 
Assurances can be effected WITH or WITHOUT participation in the profits of the Company, the premiums may 
Repaid in half-yearly or ijuarlerly instalments and on the HAIF CREWT SYSTEM credit will be given for 
jne-half of the first SEVKI premiums secured upon the Policy alone. 

Annual Premiums to Assure 100 for the whole Term of Life. 



The Hon. Adam Fcrgussou. 
John O. Hatt, F,ri. 
Daniel Macnab, i .; ). 
Nehetniah Merrill, Esq. 
George S. Tili any. Ksq. 
R. O. Duggan, LSD. 



K. C. Thomas, Esq. 

.lames K. Kwrirt, Lsq 

Archibald Kerr, Esq. 

James Osborne, Ksq. 

The Iluu. <i. S. Boulton. 

TJie Hon. M. Cameron, M.P.P. 



Agt. 


With 

Profits. 


inillOUt 

Prqfitf. 


Half 

Credit. 


Ag\ 


H llh 
Profits. 


H- HItintt 
Profits. 


Half 

Credit. 


15 


s. d. 
1 13 t 


K. d. 
1 H .5 


s. d. 


\n 


s. d. 
3 *i 2 


s. d. 

a u s 


*. d. 
2 17 6 


on 


1 ]? 4 


I 10 (1 




45 


3 17 1 


:- 4 


374 


25 
311 
3.i 


2 -2 9 
293 
t 16 7 


1 14 7 
2 a 
2 t> 4 


1 1? ti 
2 2 (i 

2 <i > 


.V) 

O.) 

80 


4 3 1 

.) 17 * 
7 10 li 


3 17 11 
4 lii 11 

(i !l 11 


414 
534 
fi 13 J 



the foiioer being about 1 
of the annual cost of Assurance, is most fully 



justified by the increased rate of Interest which ihe J)irt ciuis are aMe to obtain by investiiiu the funds of the 
Company in Canada. Should the experience of the first few years satisly the Hoard that they may safely 
depend upon the British Tables of Mortality which they have* temporarily adopted, these rates will be yet 
further reduced an advantage in which ail existing Assurers will be permitted to share. The rates with 
participation, altliousili higher in immediate cost, (l.einp about em, a) lo the rates of the majority of Hritish 
offices,) are most strongly recommended for adoption, as the assured becomes entitled to a return of three-fourlhf 
of the profits of this branch of the Company s business, thus fully participating in the important advantage of 
i hi<!h rate of Interest and ihe economical system of expenditure adopted ; while the full amount of the capital 
is liable to him for the punctuality of the pa yment of the engagements of the Company. These profit? cannot 
be estimated very exactly : but upon an avernce they \vjl! exceed -ill per cent , and not improbably reach 40 per 
cent, upon the sjross premiums paid. Kach Assurer" has the choice to receive his share of profits, either iri 
cash, reduction of all his future premiums, or by bonus addition payable at death. The residence and travelling 
limits are very liburn] no fee is required for crossing the Atlantic, and no medical fee or STAMP Z;I;TY charge*. 
The first Annual Report, explaining the highly flattering position of the Company, Prospectus, Tables of 
Kates, Forms Of Application, and any further information can be obtained from the Agents of the Company in 
ill the chief cities and towns in the Province, or of the undersigned at the Office of the Company. 

Hamilton, 4th October, 1S48. THOMAS M. SIMONS, Secretary. 



MATTHEW MACKENDRICK, 



KING STREET, HAMILTON, 
IMPORTER OF BRITISH & FOREIGN STATIONERY, 

BOOKS, EKGIIAVINGS, &c., 

Has constantly in Stock a large and varied assortment of the most popular BOOKS in every department of 

Literature, and of 



English and Classical. ALSO, of Blank Account .Hooks, \Vritinsr, Printing, l>rawing, Cartridge, Tissue nni 
Music Tapers Hrown and Grey Wrapping Papers, ttuills, Steel Pens, Pencils, Inks, Rulers, Wa.t, VVfirVr*, 
Letter Fyles, Date Roxes -. Office and Pocket Inkstands, Office Knives , Playing, Visiting and Printing Cards; 
Exchange and Promissory Notes ; Deeds mui Memorials, <itc. &c. 

BOOKBINDING: 

Account Books and other Blank Books manufactured to any pattern : and Jobs in Morocco, Russia, C aJf 
and Roan Bindings, executed with elegance and substantiality, at moderate prices. 

Tie would especially invite the attention of Country Merchants and Teachers to an inspection of bi Stock. 
It will be found varie d, and all the. articles will be afforded them a! a icduced rate, so as to allow them a fair 
[rprmmeratine profit f>n the slr nfthrrn M. V AVKTVPETi K 



SCOBIE & BALFOtfft Jf 

CANADIAN ALMANAC, 



AND 



Repository of Useful fxuorolcfcge, 



FOR THE TEAR 



1850* 



BEING THE SECOND AFTER LEAP YEAR;. 

CONTAINING FULL AND AUTHENTIC COMMERCIAL, STATISTICAL, ASTRONOMICAL, 
DEPARTMENTAL, ECCLESIASTICAL, EDUCATIONAL, FINANCIAL, 

AND 

GENERAL INFORMATION. 



THE ASTRONOMICAL CALCULATIONS HATE BEEN MADE EXPRESSLY FOR THE 

CANADIAN ALMANAC, FOR THE MERIDIANS OF TORONTO, MONTREAL, 

QUEBEC, HALIFAX, N. S., AND FREDERICTON, N. B. 



TORONTO: 

SCOBIE & BALFOUR, KING STREET ; 

SOLD BY H. ROWSELL, BREWER, McPHAIL & Co., T. McLEAR, THE WESLEY AN BOOK 
ROOM, J. EASTWOOD, Jr., & Co., AND JAMES LESSLIE, TORONTO ; R. & C. CHALMERS 
AND JOHN McCOY, MONTREAL ; P. SINCLAIR, QUEBEC ; RAMSAY, ARMOUR & Co., 
KINGSTON ; J. HARRISON, BELLEVILLE-, M. McKENDRICK, AND C. L. HELLIWELI, & Co., 
HAMILTON ; J. SIMPSON AND F. M. WHITELAW, NIAGARA ; F. B. BEDDOME, LOKBON ; 
GOODEVE & CORRIGAL AND H. BOYER, COBOURO ; J. ALLAN, PERTH ; W. ALLING AND 
SAGE & BROTHERS, ROCHESTER, N. Y. ; G. H. DERBY & Co., BUFFALO -, AND H. LONG & 
BROTHERS, NEW YORK, AND BT STOREKEEPERS GENERALLY THROUUHODT THE PROVINCE. 



Bcobk & Balfour s Canadian Stlmcmac 

FOR THE YEAR 1850. 



Epochs. 

Year of rtie World, according to the usual com 
putation 5337 

Year of the World, according to the Jews, (com 
mencing 7th September,) 5611 

Since the Foundation of Rome 2003 



Year of Her Majesty s Reign, (commences 

June 20) 13-13 

Year of Bfahommedan Era (commences Nov. C) 12t>7 
Year of the Independence of the United States 

(commences July 4) , , 74-5 



Golden Number , 
Epact . 



17 



Chronological Cycles. 

Solar Cycle ............. 11 

Dominical Letter ......... F. 



Easter Sunday March 31 

Rogation Sunday May 5 



Feast*. 

Ascension Day ........ May 9 

Whitsunday .......... May 19 



Roman Indication 8 

Julian Period 6503 



Trinity Sunday. , May 26 

Advent Sunday. . .. . ., . . Dec. 1 



Eclipses. 

In the year 1330, there will be only two Eclipses, both of the Sun .- 

I. An Annular Eclipse of the Sun, February 11, IsoO, not visible in any part of the American continent : 
confined to the Indian Ocean and adjacent parts of Africa, Asia and Australia. 

II. A Total Eclipse of the Sun, August 7, .1960, not visible in any part of British North America .- confined 
to Uie Pacific Ocean, California, Texas, and a small part of South America. 



Law Terms. 

Hilary February 4. ( Trinity August 26. 



Easter June 3. 



Michaelmas Nov. 18. 



University Terms. 

MichaeVmas begins Oct. 4, ends December 20th. 
Hilary begins January 7, ends March 23rd. 
Easter begins April 7, ends July 19th. 



Elements of the Eclipses of the Sun. 


Table Showing the Illuminated 
Portion of the Discs of Venus 
and Mars. 

The numbers given in this table represent the, 
versed sines of the illuminated portion of 
the discs -, the apparent diameter of the 
Planets being considered as unity. 


1850. 


February 11. 


August 7. 


Greenwich mean time of conjunc- 


h. m. s. 

13 30 55.5 

21 42 20. S 

O // 

S. 13 43 50.3 
5. 13 40 43. C 
30 24.3 
2 27.5 
If: 7 17.8 
N. 49." 
54 37.31 
9.7 
14 53.1 
16 12.9 


h. m. s. 

9 32 44.8 
9 9 37.05 

O ( // 

rf.lC, 23 24.4 
N. 1621 57. ^ 
38 51.5 
2 23.4 
S. 1 44.9 
S. 42.2, 
61 17.4 
8.5 
Ifi 42.1 
15 47.9 


1S50. 


Venus.) Mars. 


Sun and Moon s right ascension. . . 




0.982 
O.WH 
0.999 
0.982 


0.965 
0.917 
0.900 
0.902 
0.910 
0.93,> 
O.JI53 
O.f/71 
O.Obo 
0.994 
0.990 
0.991) 


February 14... 




March 15 


Moon s horary motion in R. A. ... 




May 1.5 . . . . . 


0.948 

o.esc 

0.807 
0.703 
0-388 
0.441 
0.218 
0.000 


Moon s horary motion in declination 
Sun s horary motion in declination. . 
Moon s eq.atorial horizontal parallax, 
Sun s equatorial horizontal parallax. 
Moon s true semidiameter 


June 15. 


July 15 




September 15 .. . 


October 15 






December 15. 



Saturn s Ring:. 

To render Saturn s.Rins visible to the Earth, it is necessary that the Sun and the Earth be elevated on the 
same side of it, which w the case during the whole of 1350. It willfiiain its greatest apparent diameter in Auguau 

Beginning and length of the Seasons. 

(. . h. m. 
Sw-n enters Capricorn V5* -(Winter begins) 1?49, December 21 9 42 

Sun enters Aries <Y> (Spring begins) 1550, March... 20 11. 3 

Sun euters. Cancer.. . S (Summer begins) 1S50, Jmie....21 8 

Sun enters Libra ^= (Autumn begins) 1850, September 22 22 

Sun enters Capricorn V? (Winter begins) 18.30, Der<ember 21 15 33 

d. h, m. 
in the Winter SIL IIS SO I. 21 



Greenwich Meau Time. 



- Sun 



in trie Sprine a ism- ftj 20 57 

in the Summer sii iti 93 14 



d. k. m 

Sun in the Autumn signs P8I736 

Su;i North of the Equator, Spring & Summer. 1?5 10 57 
Sun South &t the Equator, Winter & Autumn. ITS 18 59 



SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 



Explanation of tlic Articles in tlie Calendar. 

THE SUN S DECLINATION is given for mean noon at Toronto, for every day : the difference for mean noon for 
any other place in ilm British Provinces, will rarely amount to one minute. 

APPARENT NOON, SHEWING THE EQUATION OF TIME. This column contains the hour which should be 
shewn by a clock or watch at Toronto, when a Sun-dial marks twelve o clock. Its error at any other 
place in the British Provinces will rarely amou..t to one second. The Equation of Time is the ditt er- 
ence in time between the real place o! the Sun, and its supposed or menu place. The aclual intervals 
between the successive arrivals of the Sun on the meridian, or the length of successive solar days, is 
variable, owing to the difference in the rapidity of the Earth in different part* of its orbit, and in the 
inclination of the successive parts of the ecliptic to the equator. But,, as time-keepers cannot be made to 
measure an interval which varies every day,.aclGck or watch is made to mark twenty-four hours in the average 
of all the days. In other words, it is made to keep pace with an imaginary or mean Sun, having a motion exactly 
equal to the average motion of the real or apparent Sun. Hence, when it is twelve o clock by the real Sun, it 
may be before or alter twelve by the mean San. The true Sun and the mean or imaginary Sun coincide four 
time* in each year, viz., about the 13th of March, tile loth June, the 1st of September, and the 24th of December. 
The difference bet ween them, or the tiqualioii / Time, is never more than sixteen minutes. A Sun-dial gives 
apparent time, and the equation of time must be given before setting a watch by it, whatever be the hour 
of tlie (-lay. 

Sux RISING AND SETTING. The mean time of the Sun rising and setting is given for every day for Toronto 
and .Montreal, and will he found given for every tenth day at Quebec, Halifax, and Fredericton, by referring to tlie 
Table at page 4. If the time is wanted for any intermediate day, enter the table of Semi-diurnal Arcs (page 
4) with the Sun s declination for that day, the value given, subtracted from,, or added to, the mean time of 
apparent noon, will give the hour of rising or setting. 

THE MOON S RISINB OR SETTING is given for every day at Montreal and Toronto : the time of rising being 
given when she sets during daylight ; and the time of setting, when she rises during daylight. The time given 
for Montreal will never be more tliau four minutes in error for Halifax, three minutes in error for Fredericton, 
and five minutes in error foi Quebec ; and it is, therefore, near enough for ordinary reference at those places. 

THE PLANETS. The hour of meridian passage, right ascension and declination of each of the principal 
Planets, is given for tlie 1st and loth of each month, (m signifies morning.) 

THE POLE STAB. The time when the Pole Star is on the meridian, is given for the loth of each month, being 
the hour when it is due north. U. signifies Upper Culmination L. signifies Lower Culmination. The 
greatest elongation of the Pole Star from the meridian, varies with the latitude of the place : it is about 2 4 at f 
Toronto, 20 6 .5 at Montreal, increasing at the rate of about 1 .5 for every degree of latitude between 40 and 
50. To find the hour when it is on the meridian at any other date, multiply 3m 53" 9s by the interval in days, 
add the product, if for a date before the 1.5th ; subtract it, if for a date after the Uth. 

TWILIGHT begins in the morning;, when the Sun is about eighteen degrees below the horizon, and ends in the 
evening, when it is eighteen degrees beyond it. The mean time of beginning and ending for every tenth day 
will be found at page 4, together witli the time of the Sun s rising and setting at Quebec, Fredericton and Halifax. 

SE.MI-DICRNAL ARCS. This table is useful for determining the times of rising and setting of the heavenly 
bodies. Enter the table with the declination of the object : under the proper column for the locality will be 
found half the ti trie which, the object remains above the horizon, which is to be subtracted from the time of its 
meridian passage, if the time of rising is required, or added, for the time of setting. 

Example. Required the time of rising for the Planet Jupiter, at Montreal, June ICth, ISjO, Declination of 
Jupiter 7. A. in. 

Corresponding to which we find the semi-diurnal arc t> 2S.5 

Jupiter on meridian .... 5 2-.T 

Jupiter rises . . U 00.2 a.m. 

METEOROLOGICAL. On the first page of each mmnh is given the approximate mean values of each of the 
principal Meteorological element&for Toronto, Upper Canada, and Greenwich, England. To which are added 
certain values for Montreal, Lower Canada. 

The first Meteorological Observations that were published in Upper Canada, were made " by an ingenious 
gentleman of this city" (York, now Toronto,) in 1801, and are to be found in the Upper Canada. Gazette or 
American Oracle for that and the following year. Although extremely imperfect, it may be interesting to refer 
to them, for the purpose of discovering, whether, so far as a single year is any criterion, they shew any material 
change to have taken place in the climate in the space of nearly half a century. The thermometer was 
observed at sunrise, noon, and sunset,, taking the means and reducing them approximately to ihe true means for 
24 hours. The following are the results : 



- 

Month. 


1-0 1. 


1840 1847. 


Month. 


1801. 


18401847. 


Mean. 


Mean. 


Highest 

Mean. 


Lowest 
Mean. 


Mean. 


Mean. 


Highest 

.Mean. 


Lowest 
Mean. 


1 


o 
26. So, 
27.Pn 
3-.5A 
M.O 
5(i.4 
01.3 


o 
21.3 
24.0 
30.7 
42.3 
.V2. 2 
GO. 4 


o 
28.8 
28.3 
30.3 
48.1 
55.8 
GG.O 


o 
17.8 
1.5.9 
22.4 
33.7 
48.3 
86.4 


July 
Auuust. . . 


o 
C3.1 
83.1 

ce.3 

48. 
32.8 
24.8 


o 
Go.O 
6.5.2 
57.7 
43.8 
Go. 7 
27.1 




08.2 
08.4 
03.4 
47.3 
40.8 
30.9 


o 
(if. (5 
03.9 
54.4 
41.8 
33.2 
81.5 






April 




i May 




1 June 


December. ...... 



(o) a Southern exposure. (5) Northern exposure in March and following months. 

Omitting January and February, in which months the Thermometer bod a Southern exposure, the mean is 
sti41 2.4 higher than that given by the recent observations, but no lafe eoBchmojli can be drawn from 
observations in which the precautions essential to accuracy were probably iit ii!i>:r known or regarded. 

The data for Toronto given in the Almanac fur each month are derived from tl.e Record.-: of Her Majesty s 
Magnetical Observatory, for nine years, 18101848 inclusive, by permission of the Director, and are the means 
by observation* ma le every two hours, from 1st January, 1-10 to 30th June, 1-12, rr,u! every hour from 1st July, 
1B42 to 31st December, 1347. The data for Greenwich, are derived Irom the Records of the Royal Oheerv;:U;ry 
for seven years, 1-iK to 1847, ami are the means by observation made every two hours. It should be ren: rki i 
that tlie quantity of rain which falls at Greenwich, appears to be loss t jrni the average for all England. The aver- 



SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 



ae at sixteen stations in J845, was 31.6 
inches; at Toronto the average is about 
34 inches. The mean temperature for 
Montreal is derived from the Registers 
i published monthly in the British Amer- 
\ it.an Journal of Medical and Physical 
Science, for four years, 1845 1848 ; but 
as the means there given, are derived 
from observations at 7 A. M., and 6 r.M., 
only, they are higher than true means, 
to an amount which is different for 
every month of the year ; the appropri 
ate correction for this difference has 
been here applied. 

We would gladly extend the interest of 
the Meteorological Table, by adding the 
particulars for Nova Scotia, New Bruns 
wick, and the Island of Newfoundland, 
if in possession of authentic materials. 



DATE. 



Variation of the Compass. 

From the Records of H. M. Magnetic 

Observatory. 

Tlie mean variation at Toronto, for 
the year 1818, was 1 34 west (nearly) ; 
it increases at an average, about 2, every 
year. The variation undergoes a daily 
change ( being least from 7 to 8 A.M., and 
greatest from 1 to 2 P. M.. The differ 
ence between the values at 8 A. M., and 
2 p. M. in the several months, by the 
average of eight years (1849 to 1847), is 
as follows : - 

January 5.4 

February 5.8 

March 9-6 

April 10-5 

May 

June 

V>- 

August 

September 9-6 

! October 7.0 

November 6. 1 

December 4.4 

The variation is least liable to fluctu 
ations in the afternoon ; it is nearer its 
mean value at 10 A. M.. and 6 to 7 p. M. 
Inclination or Dip of the 

Needle at Toronto, 

1858 "5 18 3 N 

Horizontal intensity in 

absolute measure. 1848 3.5245. 



Jan. 1. 
10, 
20, 
30, 

Feb. 1, 
10, 
20, 
28, 

Mar. 1, 
10, 
20, 

April l , 
" 10, 
" 20, 
30, 
May 1, 
" 10, 
" 211, 
" 30, 
June 1, 
10, 
20, 
3(), 



.Knds 



A.m. I A. m. 



MONTRKAIJ 




5.50 



5.47 

5.41 
5.39 
.5.29 
14 

to 

Bfl 

i- 

26 
4.07 



Twilight. 



Hey Knds 



k.m.i/i. m. 



Sun. 



Ris.;Scti- 



QUEBEC. 
"""TictttjfAtT 

Hea lEuds 



3.531 



6.1 

6/25 

6.355.49 

6.41)5.44 

6.48 



k.m. 

Ii7.5 2l4.165.55 



7.14 

7. -23 5.00 



7. -27 
7.36 



4.5C 
4.4-2 



7.4!) 
8.024.U1 



l.bi, 8.tm 
3.42] 8.20 
1.21 8.30 
3.00 
2.57 
2.40 
2.22 
1.08 
I. d.5 



6.24 



6.45 
6.437.30 



T.oii 4.-2C 

7.13 

7.33 



6.59 



7.18 



4.55 



5.1-2 



3.36 

3.19 



8.542.56 

8.51:2.41) 



9.12 

9.30 

9.48 
9.50 



2.27 



1.49 



1.37 10.01 
1.5610.07 

2-00 0.06 



I - -" 
12-3 
3.2 



July J, !2.oi 



In. 
2c, 
30, 

Aug. 1, 
111, 
" 20, 
" 3(), 
Sept. 1, 
" 10, 
" 20, 
" 30, 
Oct. 1, 
1ft, 
90, 



2.M 



Nov. 1 
10 
20 

30 
Dec. 1 

10,15.41 
20.5. 4fi 
30,15.50 



2.46 
2.49 
MMi 
{.2-2 
3.J-2 
3.44 
3.55 
I.Oi- 
1.21 
4.2* 
1.34 



1.5f 



5.01 
5 
.5.21 
5.31 



5.32 



* TP*l.I w vv *"" 

1.35!i0.17 4.11 
1.32! 10.31 |4. 11 
.884.14 



9.50 
9.44 
9.26 



9. 4 

8.43 



6.40 5.11! 
26|B.455.4l 
6.27! 
B.Og 
5.46 
5.4-1 
5.27 

5.I.96.H- 



8.07 
8.11 
8.27 
8.39 



9.05 
9.25 



9.464 
10.06 



L.45hO.M 



6 Mr 

6.2-: 

6.24 



8.584.517.03 



4.50 
4.30 



7.04 
7.10 



.2517. 27 

.167.36 



1.39 iO.26J4.16 



1.5-2 
2! 33 



7.47 
7.5 



10.18 



5.227.4- 
4.3-27.41 



3.14 



3.35 

3.50 
4.03 

t.ie 

4.20 



9. 39 4. 4117.31 



9.3(i 



(.457.2? 



9.l54-57;7.ir 
8.5815.09 6.5 
J.226.3 



8.03 

7.44 

7. 21 
7.18 



4.3-2! 7.02 



6.27 
6-2!- 
(5.18 
0.11 



44U.45 



6.07 
6.07 
O.K. 
6.16 



5.00 

5.001 



6.27 



5.23 
5.34 
5.34 



6. 4 
6. 4 



7.31 4.0 
7.414.0 

7.484.0 
5.53 6.11 7.524.1 



5.4-2, 6. 4 
L48 



.V 
. 
. *!o 
. II 

.3( 

.i: 

.; 
.41 

. 

.9. 

.31 
1.06 
-.42 



.35 

.28 

.1: 

.11 

. 24 

1 .21. 

1.3C 

l.St 



5.376.1 

5. 49: 5. a 
3.03)3.3 
6.04 5.: 
ti.19 5.1 
tf.314.5 
6.236.544.4 
6.4 .! 1.3 
7.02M.2 
7.I6 : 4.J 



k. m 
O.li 
6.2J 
6.31 
6.44 
6.4 i 
8.59 



HALIFAX, N. 8. 



Sun. 



His. Set? 



I -eg Ends 



k.m. h.m.k.m.h. m. 



7.444.245.53 

7. 42 4. 34|5.25i 
?.364.47i5.48| 

.27 5. 01 

.25.03 



7.41 

7.5." 
8.11 
8.15 
8.35i 

8.51. 
9.12 
9.14 
9.35 



.517.0C 

.427.10 

1.31 7. -21 



1 . 2 3 



2.1 



10.21) 
10.3! 
0.4* 
0.4S 
0.4 
0.3 
10.14 

a!4i 



8.34 



4.1 

4-ie 

4-31 
1.44 
1.5 , 

5.01 
5.1 

5.2f 

.5 
5.31 

.4 
5.51 



,.237.33 

.l-:7.40 

.1! 7.11 



7.4! 
7.2 
7.2 
7.0 
6.4 
0.2 
6.2 
6.1 
6.0 
6.0 

G.c 

6.0 
0.0 
6.1 



,5.4l| 



.4-25.44 
.27 5.55 

.esto.ot 

.4816.21 
.46 6. 22 
.296.33 



7.31 



5.30 
5.16 



- 



5.081 
4.44 
4.24 

1.04 
3.57 
3.39 
3.17 
2.55 



6.16 
6.24 
6.34 
6.46 

6.13 
6.59 
7.12 
.23 
7. 25 
7.37 
7.51 
8.05 
8.09 
8.23 
8.40 
8.59 



2.52 9.01 



2.40 

2.14 



9.12 
9.38 



. 
1.58 9.56 



1.24 
t.80 
4.3(1 

1.51: 

4.5) 
5.01 
3.13 
5.2fi 

5.28 
5.38 



.44 
7.40 
7.34 
7.24 
7.21 
7.09 



lUM 
6.03 
8.K 

6.4( 



10.00 
10.18 

10.19 
10.17 
19.17 
10.03 
2.201 9.54 



1.46 
1.43 
1.5U 

1.58 



3.00 
3.18 

6.38 3.38 

li. 3-4 

6.11 



5.495.57 



5.4( 



5.05 



!4. 
6.564.3S 



7. 1U 

_ O; j 

-.24 



.33 
7. KM 
7.44 



1.2-: 

4.1. 
l.lr 



4.15 



1.41 9.31 
9/29 
9.10 

8.48 
8.23 

J.381 8.21 
8.01 
7.3i 

4.20J 7.2C 
7.18 
7.0) 
U.4" 
C.2f 
6.25 
6.1; 
6.K 
6.0 
6.1- 
1.0 
i.l 
8.1 



3.52 
4.0- 



1.211 
1.33 
1.45 
4.56 



It) 


34 

28 

,41 

5.47 

5.51 



Table of 


Semi-iural Arcs, calculated/* the principal places in 


Dec!. 

5 T 
1 
2 
3 
40 
5 
6 It 
7 
8 
9 
10 
11 
H 
13 
140 
15 
16 
17 
18 
19 
20 
21 
*2 
23 
24 (t 


TORONTO, 
. N. 43o 3!) .4. 


KINGSTON, 

N. 4P 8:i A 


HALIFAX, N. S. 
N.44 38 .3. 


MONTREAL, 
N.450 31 . 


FREDEKICTON, 
N. 460 31. 


QUEBEC, 

N.4tio49 .2. 


North. 


South. 


North. 


South. 


North. 


South. 


North. South. 


North. 


South. 


North. 


South 


A. m. 

li . }. 
6 7.6 
6 11.5 
r. I5.:t 

(i 19.1 
6 22.9 
6 26.7 
6 30.5 
li 31." 
6 38.7 
6 4-2.7 
6 46.8 
6 51.0 

<; 55.1 

\> 5. . 2 
7 3.6 
I 7 8.0 
7 12.:j 
; 7 16.7 
7 21/> 
7 *!.( 
7 30.7 
7 3,5 
7 40.4 


h. m. 
5 56.2 
5 52.4 

5 44.7 
5 40.9 
5 37.1 
5 33.3 
5 29.5 
5 2,5.2 
5 21.3 
5 17.3 
5 13.2 
5 S.O 
5 4.9 
5 <>.- 
4 5<U 
4 52.0 
4 47.7 
4 i:: ; .3 
4 39.8 
4 34.0 
4 -29.3 
| 4 2-4.4 
4 19.6 


A. m, 
6 3.9 
6 7.7 
6 11.7 
6 15.5 
6 19.4 
6 23.3 
(i 27.2 
6 31.1 
(i 85.3 

6 43.5 
47.0 
6 51.8 
50.0 
7 0. 2 
7 4.7 
7 9.0 
7 13.5 
7 l-.l 
7 2-2.6 
7 27.5 
7 :>. .3 
7 37.3 
7 4-2.3 


A. m. 
5 50.1 
5 5-2.3 
.5 -H.3 
5 44.5 
5 40.0 
5 36.7 
5 32.8 
5 -2-. 9 

5 20.6 
5 Hi. 5 
5 12.4 

5 4.0 
4 S9.S 
4 .15.3 
4 51.0 
4 -lii.5 
4 41.9 
4 37.4 
4 :;2.5 

4 27.7 
4 22.7 
4 17.7 


ti. in. 
(i 4.0 
6 7.9 
6 11.9 
6 15.9 
6 !!>.!> 
6 -23.8 
6 27.8 
6 31." 
6 36.2 
li 40.3 
6 44.5 
6 4s.2 
6 53.0 
(i 57.4 
7 1.7 
7 6.2 
7 10.7 
7 1 5.4 
7 -211.1 
7 -21.8 
7 29.7 
7 31.7 
7 39.8 
7 41.9 


h. >::. 
5 56.0 
5 5-2.1 
5 48.1 
5 44.1 
5 40.1 
5 :"6.2 
5 C2.2 
5 2-.2 
5 23.8 
5 19.7 
.5 15.5 
5 11.8 
5 70 
5 2.6 
4 5<-.3 
4 53.8 
4 49.3 
4 44.15 
4 ; ;9.9 
5 ,5.-> 
4 30.3 
4 25.3 
4 20.2 
4 15.1 


/(. m. 
6 4.1 

(i !-.:3 
6 12.2 
6 lli.3 

i; -2i .:: 

6 24.4 
ti -2-.5 
6 32.6 
6 37. 1 
(i 41.4 
6 15.7 
C, ;-!!.() 
(i 54.! 
;i 58.8 
7 3.2 
7 7.9 
7 12.6 
7 17.3 
7 22.0 
7 26.9 
7 32. 1 
7 37.2 
7 4-2.4 
7 47.8 


ft. m. 
5 55.9 
5 51.7 
5 -I /.- 
5 43.7 
5 39.7 
5 35.0 
5 31.5 
5 27.4 
.-> 2-2. i> 
5 1-.6 
5 14.3 
5 10.0 
5 5.6 
5 1 . 2 
. , 56.8 
4 52.1 
4 47.4 
4 4-2.7 
4 38.0 
4 33 1 
4 27.9 
4 -22.8 
4 17.6 
4 12.2 


h. ?). . 
ti 4.1 
6 8.3 
fi 12.5 
6 lli.O 
6 -20.7 
<> -2!. 9 
6 29.1 

6 42.2 
(i 46.5 
6 50.9 

(i 59.9 
7 04.5 

7 9.2 
7 14.1 

7 ie.7 

7 -23.7 
7 28.5 
7 34.0 
7 39.1 
7 44.5 
7 5H.O 


ft. m. 
5 55.0 
5 51.7 
5 47.5 
5 43.4 
5 39.3 
.1 35. 1 
-, :;0.9 
5 A!) 
5 22.1 
5 17.8 
5 13.5 
a 9.1 
5 4.6 
5 0.1 
4 55.5 
4 50.8 
4 45.9 
4 41.3 
4 ">",. 3 
4 31.5 
4 26.0 
4 20.9 
4 15.5 
4 10.0 


h. TO. 
6 4.3 
6 8.5 
6 12.7 
17.1 
6 21.3 
C, :>5.6 
6 29.8 
634.1 
6 389 
li 43.3 
6 47.8 
(i .V2.4 
<i 50.3 
7 16 
7 6.3 
7 11.1 
7 16.0 
7 21.0 
7 -2li. 1 
7 31.3 
7 3IJ.6 
7 41.7 
7 47.6 
7 53.4 


H. m. 
5 55.7 
5 51. S 
5 47. E 
5 42. . 
5 38.7 
5 34.-? 
5 30. . 
5 25.! 
5 21. 
5 1C. , 
5 12.- 
5 7.1 
5 3. 
4 5-.. 
4 53. 
4 4ir-. 
4 44. 
4 39. 
4 33. 
4 > . 
4 23. 
4 1& 
4 12. 
4 6. 


Her inaie-stY si^ftanetscal Observatory, T oronto. 

/Wr^or-Captain * H T S) , R A , F- 8. A><WA-F ur Non-Comm^.oned Officers of 1 
R OV l Artillrrv. a Assistants. : 







150.] 


JANUARY HAS 


31 DAYS 


AND BEGINS ON TUESDAY. [5. 




MOON S PHAi-F.S. 






IST OF JANUARY. 
















d. h. m. 






15TH 


OF JANUARY. 


<[ Last Quarter . . 


4 15 20 


THE 








New Moon. . . . 


12 18 02 


PLANETS. 




i Riiilu 






Right 




!> First Quarter. . 


20 16 23 






Meridian Ascen- 


Dec 1. 


Vleridian 


Ascen 


Dec!. 


Full 


Moon .... 


27 07 34 








i Mull. 






sion. 






(" 


M 




PPP . . 


11 15 00 






















,- 




26 11 00 


h. m. h. 


771. 


o / 


h. m. 


h. in. 


1 






o 




y Merc. 


Evening Star. 




1 J9 a 


20 56 


18 39 S i 














9VniiG 






1 1 OO ~ n 1 Q nfi 


OQ e ,c 


Semi 


diameter at Greenwich. JVoow. 


$ Mars. 


10 34 a: 5 21 


26 29N 


9 27 i 5 08 


26 15 A* 


Datei 


Of Sun. 


Of Moon. 


lJupit, r 4 53m 11 36 


3 56A 


3 58?rti 11 36 


4 (iO A* 










i . n 


/ ;/ 


lp Salurn 


5 26 a! 10 


1 26 S 


4 34 a 


14i 1 03 S 




1 






16 17.3 


16 24.2 


JJfUrau s 


6 38 oi ] 


I 24 


8 ION 


5 43 c 


1 241 8 13 N 


10 




16 17.0 


14 4:^.7 


























1 K Qfl O 


! 












i 


30 




lo lo.o 
16 15.1 


JO oU. 

16 14.3 


Pole 




Star 


on the Meridian 15<. 5A. 25m. 


7s. P. M., U. 


METEOKOIAHilCAL, TABLE FOIl 


JANUARY. 















Toronto, C. W., 


Greenwich, 
England, from 


Montreal, C. E. 












from 


1840 to 1848 


lo-ft 


to 1.-47 in- 


Ib45 to 


Ib4s in- 












inclusive. 


elusive. 


elusive. 














































o 




o 


o 
















24.64 


37 79 


14 


4 












Mean Highest Temperalure. . . . 


45.79 


52.83 


40. 


75 












Mean Lowest Temperature . . 


5.12 


20.97 


15. 


50 












Mean Elasticity of Vapour 






0.124 




0.230 
















Mean Humidity of the Air .... 






83 




91 
















Average Quantity ot Rain .... 






2. 466 In. 




1.63 in. 








1 








Average Quantity of Snow 


13.7In. 








o 




















































Sun. 


Moon rises or gets. 


*7J 







Di 


V 








ft 


m - 




A pp. noon 











: 

r 


of 
Week. 


Remarkable Days. 


leclin 

SJOUtll 


u 


Hie Eq. of 


Toronto, i Montreal. 
| 


Toronto. Montreal 


C 


-. 




















Time. 


Rises 


Ill SOS 5..-IS. 


Rises. 


Risen. 























It. 111. S. 


h. m 


A. in. k. m. h. m. 


A. m. 


m. 


1 


1 


Tues. 


Circumcision. 


22 


59 


.9 12 3 57 


i 28:7 46:4 22 


8 54 a 


8 5i a 


2 


2 Wed. 


(lst,)E. Burke b. 1730. 


22 


54 


.6 12 4 25 


7 40 4 29,7 46.4 22 


10 2 


10 00 


3 


3 


Thur. 


liattle of Princeton, 1777. 


22 


48 


.8 


12 4 53 


7 40 4 30|7 47 4 23 


11 10 


11 9 


4 


4 Friday Kartliquake in Canada, 1663. 


22 


:-. 


.6 


12 5 20 


7 40 4 3117 47;4 24 


morn g 


morn g 


5 


5 


Satur. 


C Last Quarter 3h.20iu 


A.M. -22 


36 





12 5 47 


7 40 j 4 32 ; 7 474 25 


13m () Hm 


6 Hi Suit. 


EpipUany 




22 




9 


12 6 14 


i 33 7 4(34 26 


1 16 


1 18 


7 


7 .Mond. 


Sir T. Lawrence d., 1S30. 22 


21 


.3 


12 6 40 


7 39 4 35 7 46 1 28 


2 16 


2 19 


Q 


8 


Tues. 


Galileo d. 


164-2, 


J2 


! ! 


312 7 6 


7 3L 


4 35 7 45 4 29 


3 15 


3 19 


9 


9 


Wed. 


Fontenelle d. 1757. 


21 


r>6 


.0 


12 7 31 


7 39 4 37 7 45 4 30 


4 13 


4 17 


10 


10 Thar. 


Exchange 


London, burnt,1336 


21 


5 


.1 


12 7 55 


i 37 7 45 4 31 


5 9 


5 13 


11 


11 


Friday 


Or. Dwightd. 1753. 


21 


16 




12 8 19 


! 38 7 45 1 32 


6 1 


6 6 


1-2J12 


Satur. 


Sir C. Basjot Gov.-Gen, 194-2. 


21 


37 


.1 


12 8 42 


! 40 7 45 4 33 


Sets. 


Sets. 


13 


13 


SlSll. New Moon Oh. am. A.M. 


21 


27.012 9 5 


7 37 


4 417 444 34 


5 5 a 


5 a 


14 


i : 


Mond. 


(13//(,)lsf 


Sun.efter Epii 


ilium/ 


21 


16 


.5 12 9 27 


1 42 7 434 35 


6 


5 56 


15 


[5 


Tues. 


General Wolfe b. 17-20. 


21 


05.5 12 9 49 


7 36.4 44 7 434 37 


6 58 


6 54 


16 


16 


Wed. 


Battle of Corunna, 1S09. 


20 


54.2112 10 9 


7 35 4 457 424 38 


7 57 


7 55 


17 


17 


Thur. 


franklin 


b. 170C. 




20 


42 


.4 12 10 29 


7 35 4 46 7 41 4 40 


8 58 


8 Dli 


18 


18 


Friday . uidad Rodris-o stormed 


1S12 


JO 


a 


.3 


12 10 49J7 35 4 477 404 42 


9 59 


9 58 


19 


19 


Satur. 


James Watt b. 173t>. 


JO 


17 


.8 


12 11 7 


7 34 4 48,7 39 1 43 


11 1 


11 1 


2020 


SllH. i"d after 


Epiphany. 




20 


04.9 12 11 25 


7 33 4 49J7 3 


moTh s; 


rnonrir 


21 


21 


Moriu. D First Quarter 4h. 23m 


. A.M. 


19 


51 


.612 11 42 


7 33 4 51 7 38 4 45 


5 in 6 in 


22 


22, Tues. 


,-a b. 1 


788. 




19 


37.0JI-2 11 :?J7 32 4 52J 37,4 47 


1 In 1 12 


23 


23 


Wed. 


\V. 1 ittd 






19 


23 


.0 12 12 lyi 1 / 31 4 53:7 364 48 


2 IS 2 22 


24 


24jThur. 


Frederick 


the Great li. 1712. 


19 


9.6 


12 12 28 


7 30:4 54:7 35 4 49 


3 26 


:; 31 


25 


J25 


Friday 


Sir ! . 1! 


Head Lieut.-Gov 


18 


54 


.9 


12 12 42 


7 294 567 3! 1 M 


4 32 


4 37 


2b 


2-} 


Salnr. 


Dr. Jennerd. 1=23. [KW. 


18 


39 


.812 12 55 


7 28 4 5S.7 .V 


5 36 


5 42 


27 


27 


Sllll. I Full Moon 7h.31m. 


I .M. 


18 


24 


.4 


12 13 7 


7 274 59 7 324 54 


Rises . 


Rises. 


28*8 


Mond. (27/A) Septua>reiima. 


18 


a 


.7 


,12 13 18 


7 26 5 00 7 31 1 55 


6 26 a 


6 22 a 


2929 


Tues. Georce 111. d. 10. 


17 


53 


.7|12 13 29 


7 2.") 5 01 17 3(i:4 56 


7 40 7 37 


30f 301 Wed. 


Charles I. 


bclieadcd. 1C13. 17 


36 


.3 


12 13 38 


7 2^ 


5 03:7 29!4 58 


8 50 : 8 49 


31 


iSllThur. 


Earl of Elsin Gov. Sen.. 


1M7.J17 


19.6 


;12 13 47|7 2: 


\ 5 0517 28J5 00 


9 58 9 58 



MOON S PHASES. 

d. h. m. 

Last Quarter 381 

i New Moon 11 13 1 2 

First Quarter 19 2 55 

Full Moon -25 18 43 

Apogee 7 22 

Perigee 23 18 



Kemidiamr.ter at Greenwich, Noon. 



Date. 



Of Sun. 



1 
10 

2.) 
28 



16 14.8 
16 13.3 
16 11.3 
16 9.4 



Of Moon. 
i a 

15 43.2 

14 45.5 

16 4.4 

15 58.4 



)AYS AND BEGINS ON FRIDAY. [1850. 


IST FEBRUARY. 


15xH OF FEBRUARY. 


THE 

T-V 












PLANETS 














Right 
Meridian Asc b etl . 


Decl. 


Right 
Meridian Ascen- 


Dec). 




sion. 






sion. 






h. m. h 


. m. 





h. m. 


h. m. 


o / 


$ Merc. 


Kvenin Star 




11 8 


m 20 51 


14 19 5 


? Venus 


Mornin Star 




2 a 21 43 


15 4 S 


$ Mars. 


8 20 a 


5 8 


26 3 A" 


7 36 


a 5 19 


26 1A 


14 Jupit r 


2 49m 


11 33 


4 24 A 7 


1 49 


mil 28 


4 57 A 


J? Saturn 


3 32 a 


19 


26 S 


2 42 a 24 


9A T 


r Fran s 


4 38 a 


1 25 


8 21 N 


3 45 


a 1 27 


8 31 A" 


Pole Star on the Meridian 15d. 3h. 24m. 47s. A. M. 


ICAt, TABLE FOR FEBRUARY. 


Toronto, C. \V., 


Greenwich, 


Montreal, C. E 


from mo to 1848 


England, 1841 to 


184.5 to 1843 in 


inclusive. 


1847 inclusive. 


clusive. 


o 


o 







24.21 


37.06 


13 


.32 


re... 45.32 


53.70 


40 


. 25 


e.... 4.59 


17.70 


13 


.50 


r.... 0.111 


0.216 






79 




89 






0.916 In. 


1 


.28 In. 






- 2l.3In 


















1 


Sun. 


Moon. 


Sun s 


App. Noon 




dcclin n 
South. 


shewing 

the Eq. of 


Toronto. Montreal. 


Toronto. 


Montreal. 




Tune. R| , (;s 


tfetS .KIEL S 


s-els 


Rises. 


Rises. 


1 / 

1 


11 III. S. 


h. m. i 


j. in. h. m 


ft. 7/1. 


h. m. 


h. m. 


17 2.7 


12 13 56 


7 22 5 06 7 27 


5 03 


1 1 03 1 1 04 a 


16 45.4 


12 14 37 21 15 77 26 


5 2 


Morn g. 


Morn g. 


M. 16 27.8 


12 14 9 


7 20 5 8 7 25 


5 3 


5 771 


8 ?/i 


16 9.9 


12 14 15 


7 195 917 23 


5 5 


1 7 


1 10 


15 51.8 


12 14 20 


7 185 107 22 


5 6 


2 6 


2 10 


15 33.3 


12 14 24 


7 16:5 127 2 


5 8 


3 2 


3 7 


. 15 14.7 


12 14 27 


7 145 147 19 


5 9 


3 56 


4 2 


14 55.7 


12 14 29 


7 135 167 18 


5 11 


4 45 


4 51 


63. 1 \ 36.6 


12 14 31 


7 125 177 17 


5 13 


5 32 


5 37 


14 17.1 


12 14 32 


7 115 1*7 Ic 


5 15 


6 14 


6 20 


-in 13 57.4 


12 14 32 


7 10;5 207 14 


5 16 


Sets. 


Seis. 


M. 13 37.5 


12 14 32 


7 85 227 15 


.5 18 


5 50 a 


5 47 a 


13 17.4 


12 14 30 


7 75 237 11 


5 19 


6 51 


6 49 


12 57.l|l2 14 28 


7 5 5 24 7 i 


5 20 


7 52 


7 51 


97.12 36.5 lv> 14 25 


7 35 257 7 


5 21 


8 55 


8 55 


12 15.8 


12 14 22 


7 2 


5 26 7 


5 23 


9 57 


9 59 


11 54.8 


12 14 17 


7 1 5 27 7 4 


5 24 


11 1 


11 4 


11 33.7 


2 14 12 


6 595 297 25 26 


Morn jj. 


Morn g. 


. 11 12-4 12 14 7 


6 58 5 30 7 1 5 27 


8m 


11 m 


10 50.9 1-2 14 


6 56 5 31 7 C 


15 28 


1 14 


1 19 


. 10 29.3 12 13 53 


6 55 5 33 6 58 5 30 


2 18 


2 23 


10 7.4 12 13 45 


6 S3 5 356 56 ! 5 32 


3 20 


3 26 


9 45.5.12 13 37 


6 525 3t>:6 555 33 


4 19 


4 25 


9 23.412 13 28 


6 505 376 535 S4 


5 12 


5 17 


9 1.1 


i2 13 18 


6 48 5 38>6 50 5 3o 


Rises. 


Rises. 


M. 8 38.7 12 13 8 


6 465 406 485 38 


6 26 a 


6 24 a 


8 16.312 12 57 


r, .].->:> 41 o 47 


5 39 


7 36 


7 35 


7 53.6 12 12 46 


6 44:5 426 4( 


.5 40| 8 43 


8 43 



Mean Temperature. . . 

Mean Highest Temperature... 
Mean Lowest Temperature.... 

Vean Elasticity of Vapour. . . . 
:.Mean Humidity of the Air 

Average Quantity of Rain 

Average Quantity of Snow 



l 32 



Day 
of 

Wec .t. 



Frid. 



Satur. 
Sun. 

Mon. 
Tues. 
Wed. 



536 

637 



7 38 1 Thur. 

8 39 i Frid. 
9|lOSatr. 

Sun. 



11 4-2 
12-13 
1 3 1 1 
144. r ) 



16-17 

17 is 

1849 
1950 
2051 



Mon. 

TUP*. 

Wed. 

Thur. 

Frid. 

Salur. 



Remarkable Days. 



Mon. 
Tues. 
Wed. 



21 : 52JThur 
Frid. 
Salur. 

.Sun. 

Mon. 
Tues. 
Wed. 

Thur. 



2657 

27 58 



8attlc of Brienne, 1814. 
Oamllemns. 

([ Last Quarter 8h. 1m. P. 
\.>rd\ Svxagesima. 
[4th,] Hilary Term begins. 
R. Lander died 1831. 
[<!th,] Dr. Priestly died 1804. 
lirmle of Kylciu. 

Canada ceded to Britain, 1703-14 
(^ it inqun^csim a. 



A New Moon Hi. 12m. A.M. 

As/i Wednesday. 
Valentine. 

[Nith.J Melancthon born 1407 
Hilary Term ends. 
1st Sunday in Lent. 
Canada settled, I.?; I. 
p First Qr. 21i. 55m. P.M. 
Voltaire born, U! . : l. 
no Resolutions passed, 1834. 
Washington Lorn, 173-2. 
jSir J. Reynolds died, 1792, 
2w<J Sundny in Lent. 
France a RepuMic, 1848. 
n I i ll Moon, Ch. 43m. A.M 
t-7r J. Colbornc Adjn., If 38. 
Monlr.i;;iie born, 1533. 



150.J MARCH HAS 31 DAYS AND BEGINS ON FRIDAY, [7. 



MOON S PHASES. 

d. h. m. 

d Last Quarter 5 2 48 

New Moon 13 6 

D First Quarter 20 10 41 

m Full Moon.. . 27 



69 

Apogee 7 15 

Perigee 23 10 



THE 



IST OF MARCH. 



15TH OF MARCH. 



Semidiameter at Grttnwic/i, Noon. 



Date. 



1 

10 
20 
30 



Of Sun. 



16 9.2 

16 6.8 

16 4.1 

16 1.5 



Of Moon. 



15 44.3 
14 49.9 

16 2.8 
16 24.9 



i MjAn X. A O 


Meridian 


Right 
Ascen 
sion. 


Decl. 


I Right 
Meridian! Ascen- 
j sion. 


Decl. 




h. m. 


h. m. 


j h. m. [A. m. 


o ; 


J Merc. 


Mornin 


g Star. 


[10 37m 22 3 


13 42 S 


? Yenusl 14 a 


22 50 


8 57 S\ 23 a|23 55 


2 4 S 


$ Mars.! 7 00 a 


5 37 


26 1 A~ 


6 28 a 


6 00 


25 54 N 


IfJupit r 48m l ll 22 


5 38 A T 


11 42 a 


11 15 


6 25 N 


?p Saturn 


1 53 a 1 30 


47 N 


1 04 a 


36 


1 28N 


I^Uran s 


2 52 a 


1 29 


8 44 N 


1 59 a 


1 32 


9 00 N 


Pole Star on the Meridian 15d. l/i. 34m. 27s. A. M. L. 



METEOROLOGICAL TABLE FOR MARCH. 







Toronto, C.W., 
from 18*0 to 1848 

inclusive. 


England, from 
1641 to Ife47 in 
clusive. 


Montreal, C. E. 
ic45 to 1*43 in- 

elusive. 






Mean Temperature. .-. . 


o 
30 49 


o 
42.20 


o 
28 Qfi 






Mean Highest Temperature. . . 
Mean Lowest Temperature . . . 
Mean Elasticity of Vapour. . . . 
Mean Humidity of the Air 
Average Quantity of Rain. . . . 


54.14 

4.74 
0.141 
79 
1 636 In 


61.84 
2379 
0.236 

84 
QS Tn 


57.40 
4.20 






Average Quantity of Snow. . . . 


9. 8 In. 









Greenwich, 



1 60 
2 ! 61 
3 ! 62 
63 
64 



766 



9!68 
10 



13)72 

t A -V 



1 i 
15 



Day 

of 

Week. 



Frid. 

Satur. 



Remarkable Days. 



St. David. 

j Wesley died 1791. 



SH.H,3r<Z Sunday in Lent. 



16175 



Mon. 

Tues. 

Wed. 

Thur. 

Frid. 

Satur. 

Sail. 

Mon. 

Fues. 

Wed. 

Thur. 

Frid. 

Satur. 



17 
18 
19 
20 



76 
77 

78 

7: i 
80 
2281 



23 

,24 
*25 
26 
27 
28 
29 
30 
31 



First American Con. 1789. 
([ Last Q,r. 2h. 48m.,p. m. 
York named Toronto 1834. 
William III died 1702. 
Hon. S. Smith, Adm. 1820. 
Americas Vespucius, b. 1451. 
\tk Sunday in Lent. 
Tasso born 1544. 
(13,) Planet Herschel! dis.HSl 
^N T evv Moon, 6h., p. m. 
York.U.C., a market town 1814 
Cornwallis def. the Amer. 1781 
IBoileau, born 1635. 



Sllll* ~>lh Sunday in Lent. 

Mon. 
Tues. 

Wed. 
Thur. 
Frid. 
Satur. 



82 

83JSUH. 
84 Mon. 



W^j ** 

85 IT 



86 

s7 
88 
89 
90 



ues. 
Wed. 
Thur. 
Frid. 
Satur. 
Sun. 



Sir R. Walpole, died 1745. 
(20th,) Newton died 1727. 
D IstQr, lOh. 41m., p.m. 
Kirkc White horn 1765. 
Goethe died 1-32. 

Sir G. Arthur Lieut. <3ov. 1833 

Palm Sunday. 

Lady Day. 

Bank England Incor. 1094. 

i Full Moon, 6h. 9m., p ra. 
Planet Pallas, discov d 1902. 
Good Friday. 

Lord Metcalfe Gov. Gen. IS43. 
Easter. 



Sun s 
leclin n 
Soiuh. 



North. 



App. Noon 

shewing 

the Eq. of 

Time. 

h. m. s. 
12 12 34 
<2 12 22 
12 12 9 
12 11 55 



| Moon Rises or i- et=. 



7 30.8 

7 8.0 

6 45.1 

6 22.0 

5 58.9 

5 35.712 11 2816 33 

5 12.4112 11 13i6 31 

4 49.0 



4 25.6 
4 2.1 
3 38.6 
3 15.0 
2 51.4 

2 97.7 

2 

! 

1 

53.0 
29.2 
5.6 



4.0 
40.4 
16.7 



18.1 
41.7 



5.4 
29.0 
52.6 



2 16.1 

2 39.6 

3 3.0 
3 26.4 

3 49.7 

4 12.9 



12 10 43 
12 10 27 
12 10 12 
12 9 55; 
12 9 39 
12 9 22 
12 9 5 
12 8 48 
12 8 30 
12 8 13 
12 7 55 



12 
12 

12 



12 6 

12 6 

12 6 

12 5 

12 5 



12 
12 



50 



12 4 32 
12 4 



Toronto. 


Montreal. [Toronto. 


Kites 


Sets. 


lises 


Sets. 


Rises. 


h. m. 


fi.m. 


fi. m. 


fi.m. 


//. m. 


6 42 


-> 43 


6 44 


5 42 


y 49 a 


6 40 


3 44 


6 41 


5 43 


10 53 


6 38 


5 46 


6 40 


5 44 


11 54 


6 37 


5 47 


6 38 


5 46 


morn g 


6 35 


5 49 


1 36 


5 48 


52 m 


6 33 


5 50 


6 34 


5 49 


1 48 


6 31 


5 51 


3 32 


P 50 


2 39 


6 29 
6 28 


5 53 

5 54 


6 30 
6 28 


5 52 
5 53 


3 27 
4 12 


fi 26 


5 55 


326 


5 51 


4 51 


6 24 


5 30 


b 2o 


o bo 


5 26 


6 22 


5 58 


6 23 


5 57 


5 59 


6 21 


5 59 


6 22 


5 58 


Sets. 


6 18 


6 00 


6 19 


5 59 


6 45 a 


6 17 


6 01 


5 17 


6 1 


7 49 


6 16 


6 02 


6 16:6 2 


8 54 


6 14 


6 4 


6 156 3 


10 


6 11 


6 5 


6 1-2 


6 4 


11 6 


6 10 


6 6 


6 11 


6 5 


morn g 


6 8 


6 7 


6 9 16 7 


12m 


6 6 


6 8 


6 6 6 8 


1 14 


6 5 


6 9 


6 4 


6 10 


2 12 


6 3 


6 11 


6 3 


6 11 


3 3 


6 


6 12 


6 


6 12 


3 52 


5 59 


6 13 


5 ft9 


6 13 


4 33 


5 57 


6 14 


5 57 


6 15 


Rises. 


:5 55 


6 15 


5 55 


6 16 


6 22 a 


ID 54 


6 16 


5 53 


6 17 


7 29 


5 52 


6 18 


5 51 


6 19 


8 35 


5 51 


6 19 


5 50 


6 20 


9 38 


5 48 


6 20 


5 4716 21 


10 39 



Montreal. 




morning 

57 ?n 

1 53 

2 45 

3 33 

4 16 

4 55 

5 29 

6 02 
Sets. 

6 45 a ; 

7 50 

8 56 

10 3 

11 11 
morning 

17 m 

1 20 

2 18 

3 10 

3 56 

4 36 
Rises. 

6 22a 

7 30 

8 37 

9 41 
10 44 



HAS 30 DAYS AND BEGINS ON MONDAY. [1850. 



D I 

; 

c i 

: ; 
d * 
I- 


MOON S PHASES. 
d. h. m. 
.ast Quarter 3 22 27 

Jpw IVlonn fi "to 9/i 


THE 

PLANETS 


IST OF APRIL. 


15TH OF APRIL. 


^irst Quarter.. . 
" nil Moon. . . 


. 18 16 50 
. 25 18 3 


Meridian 


Right 
Ascen 
sion. 


Decl. 


Meridian 


Right 
Ascen 
sion. 


Decl. 


tpogee 


. 4 11 




17 19 


g Merc. 
$ Venus 
j Mars. 
IfJupit r 
Ip Saturn 
$ Uran s 


h. m. 
Mornin 
Evenin 
5 54 a 
10 27 a 
5 a 
56 u 


A. m. 
g Star, 
g Star. 
6 34 
11 8 
44 
1 35 


o / 

25 26 A 1 
7 11 A 
2 18 N 
9 20 A 7 


h. m. 
11 51 m 
43 a 
5 29 a 
9 28 a 
11 16m 
04 a 


A. m. 
1 18 
2 17 
7 3 
11 3 
50 
1 3S 


/ 

7 7 A" 
13 7N 
24 40 A 7 
7 39 A" 
2 56 A 7 
9 38 N 






Semidiameter at Greenwich, A oon. 


)ate. 


Of Sun. 


Of Moon. 


1 
10 
20 
30 


// 

16 0.9 
15 58.4 
15 55.7 
15 53.3 


/ n 

15 4.9 
15 19.4 
16 6.3 
15 54.1 


Pole Star on the Meridian I5d. 1 1A. 24m. 40s., P. M., L. 



METEOROLOGICAL TABLE FOR APRIL. 



Mean Temperature 

Mean Highest Temperature. 
Mean Lowest Temperature. 
Mean Elasticity of Vapour, 

Mean Humidity of Air 

Average Quantity of Rain. . 
Average Quantity of Snow . 



Toronto, C. W., 

from 1340 to 1843 

inclusive. 



42.12 
71.82 
18.04 

0.179 
72 

2.461 In. 

1.2 In. 



Greenwich, 
England, from [Montreal, C. E. 



141 to 1847 in 
clusive. 



47.10 
70.43 
30.03 

0.274 
81 

1.21 In. 



1845 to 1848 in 
clusive. 



41.04 
67.00 
17.20 



Day 

of 

Week. 



91 Mon. 
92 Tues. 
93! Wed. 
94jThur. 
95 Frid. 
9ojSatur. 



Remarkable Days. 



97 
98 



Sim. 

Mon. 



10100 

11 101 



99 Tues. 



12 



102 



13-103 



Wed. 
Thur. 
Frid. 

Satur. 



14 104 S im . 

15 105: Mon. 



16106 



17 
18 
19 
20 



107 
103 



Tues. 
Wed. 
Thur. 



109 Frid. 

110 Satur. 



21 ill Sun. 



22 
23 



112) Mon. 
11 3i Tues. 



24 111 Wed. 
25jll5lThur. 
261l6jFrid. 
27ill7 l Satur. 



29 11 9J Mon. 

30 120 Tues. 



Dr. Harvey, born 1578. 
Battle of Copenhagen, 1S01. 
Bishop Hcber died 1826. 
({ LastQr. lOh. 27m., A.M. 
Stow died lOOo. 
(7th) Great Fire Toronto, 49. 
1st Sunday after Easter. 
Hudson s Bay Com. est. 1092. 
Lord Bacon died 16ii>. 
Battle of Toulouse, 1814. 
;oron. of Win. & Mary ,1689. 
NewMoon. 7h. 30m. A. M. 
Handel died 1759. 
2nd Sunday after Easier. 
Rattle of Culloden, 1740. 
Buftbn died 1786. 
Brock s Mon. destroyed 1840. 
First Newspaper in Am. 1704. 
3) First Qr. 4h. 5l)in., A. M. 
Abernethy died 1831. 
3rd Sunday after Easter. 
Fielding born 1707. 
St. George. 

Earl CathcartGov.Gen. 1846. 
Parl t Houses burnt by mob 49 
@ Full Moon, Oh. 3m., A.M. 
:)750 Fam.Im. into N.Sco.l74fl 
\th Sunday after Raster. 
(38th Battle of York, 1913.) 
Washington lstl reg.U.8.1739 



Sun s 

Declin n 

North. 



36.1 

59.1 



A pp. Noon 

shewing 

the Eq. of 

Time. 



A. 
12 
12 
12 



Sun. 



Toronto. 
<e>-| Sets. 



771. S. h. m. k. 771. 

3 55 5 47 



5 22.1 

5 45.0 

6 7.8 12 
6 30.5J12 

6 53.112 

7 15.5J12 

7 37.ii 12 

8 00.1,12 
8 22.2512 

8 44.1 12 

9 5.9J12 
9 27.6112 
9 49.1 

10 10.4(11 
10 31.6:11 
10 52.5 11 
13.3 11 
34.0SH 
54.4JU 
14.611 



3 

3 19 
3 1 

2 43 

2 26 



6 21 



Montreal. 
Rises rfets 



Moon. 



Toronto Montreal- 



Hi SOP. 



k. m. h. m. h. m. 

46J6 22JH 38 a 
6 -J- 5 44;6 23 
6 235 42 6 24 



>^ 

51 
35 



I8b 
2 5 
46J5 
30 5 
15|5 
00 



5 45 
5 43 

5 42 6 24(5 41 6 *5 

5 40J6 26J5 39i6 2" 

5 :i8j6 27, 

5 36)6 28 

5 34)6 30 

5 33|6 31 



6 

5 34|6 
5 33 6 
5 31 6 

30 6 32 5 29 6 

296 335 27 1 6 
286 34|5 25 1 6 
6 35-5 24 6 
6 3Hi5 2l!6 



28 
3i 
31 
33 



2-1 
22 



59 45 
59 31 
59 1715 
59 35 
58 50 5 



5 21 



20 



6 38 
6 39 

6 40 



17 6 41 



20 6 
18 ! 6 
166 
14 6 



58 37 



12 34.6 
12 54.5 



13 14.1 
13 33.5,11 

13 52.7,11 

14 11.6;11 
14 30.311 
14 48.8 11 



58 25 p 
58 135 
58 25 
57 51 j5 
57 405 



5 13 



6,425 13 6 
6 44 5 11 G 
6 45|5 10!6 
76 
(> G 
56 



38 

:: 

40 

42 

13 

i 
45 



5 10 6 46J5 

" 6 47 = 

6 49 

6 50 

6 51 



57 30 
57 21 
57 12 
57 3 



5 4 
5 1 
5 
4 59 



5 3 
5 J 



6 53 



5.5 

6 52|5 016 56 
6 53J4 58 i 6 57 
6 544 5616 58 
6 55 4 55J6 



morn ^ 

32m 

1 22 

2 7 

2 48 

3 25 

3 58 

4 30 

5 00 
Sets. 

6 41a 

7 50 

8 57 

10 3 

11 9 



Risef. 



A. m. 
11 43a 
morn g. 

37/Ti 

1 27 

2 12 

2 53 

3 29 

4 2 

4 32 

5 1 
Sets. 

6 43 a 

7 53 
9 1 

10 8 

11 15 



morn g;morn g. 
9ml 14771 



1 4 

1 52 

2 33 

3 11 

3 44 

4 17 
Rises. 

7 23u 

8 25 

9 26 

10 23 

11 14 



1 8 

1 56 

2 36 

3 13 

3 45 

4 15 
Rises. 

7 26 a 

8 29 

9 31 

10 28 

11 21 



1S49.] MAY HAS 31 DAYS AND BEGINS ON WEDNESDAY. [9. 



MOON S PHASES. 

d. h. m. 



IST OF MAY. 



IDTH OF MAY. 



<I L 

N 
D F 
F 
<l A 
fl P 
4 A 


ast Quarter. . 
e\v Moon .... 
irst Quarter. . 
ull Moon. . . . 


3 17 29 
11 5 52 
17 22 35 
25 6 51 
270 
14 3 
30 


1HE 

PLANETS. 






Meridian 


Rifiht 
Ascen 
sion. 


Decl. 


Meridian 


Right 
A>ceu- 
lion. 


Decl. 


y Merc. 
? Venus. 
J Mars. 
1[ Jupiter. 
Tp Saturn. 
r{ Uranus. 


fi. m. 
An even 
An even 
5 02 a 
8 21 a 
10 20 m 

11 0477) 


h. m. 
irig Sta 
ing Sta 
7 39 

n no 

57 
1 41 


o , 

p 
1 

r. 

23 20A T 
7 54JV 
3 4-2iV 
9 57A T 


/(. m. 
1 28 a 
1 14 a 
4 39 a 
7 26 a 
9 31 n; 
10 12( 


h. m. 
5 00 
4 47 
8 11 
11 00 
1 03 
1 44 


O 1 

25 6N 
22 3N 
21 43.Y 
7 532V 
4 172V 
10 14N 




pogee 


Semidiameter at Greenwich, J/oon. 


Date. 


Ul SUM. 


Of Moon. 


1 
10 
20 
31 


/ / 
15 53.0 
15 51.0 
15 49.1 
15 47.3 


i n 

14 49.2 
15 51.0 
15 48.8 
14 45.3 


Pole Star on the Meridian 15rf. 9A. 30m. 5!s. P M., L. T. 



METEOROLOGICAL TABLE FOR MAY. 



Mean Temperature 

Mean Highest Temperature. . 
Mean Lowest Temperature. . 
Mean Elasticity of Vapour. . 

Mean Humidity of Air 

Average Quantity of Rain . . 



Toronto, C. YV.. 
from 1840 to Idle 
inclusive. 


Greenwich, 
England, from 
Ie41 to 1847 in 
clusive. 


Montreal, 0. E. 
1645 to H48 in 
clusive. 


o 


o 





52.59 


53.64 


56.12 


77.16 


77.59 


85.40 


29.08 


36.79 


33.20 


0.288 


346 




.72 


.82 




2. 917 In. 


1.674 In. 





| 







1 i 

n.. -,_ Ann. noon. 


Sun. 


Moon 



i, 



Day of 
the 

Week. 



121 



Wed. 



12t! ; Thur. 
123 Friday 



Sun s 
Remarkable Days. iDeclin i 

; North. 



I showing 
the Kq. of 
Time. 



Wellington b. 1709. 
Caniden b. 15:51. 
Jamaica discovered 1494. 



: o 

15 

15 

15 



124 Satur. I C Last Quarter 20m. past 5|l6 0.2 

. /-\ - i ^-* , i r* -i "r . 



126! Mond. 
l27!Tues. 
128|Wed. 
12:),Thur. 
130 Friday 



^.Rogation. [A. .M. 16 

Oswego taken, 1814. 16 

Sir J. Suckling d. 1641. |16 

Batt. Rio Grande, 1846. ;17 

Ascension. 1 7 

R.itt. ofLodi, 1796. :17 



l32:SJun. 
133 Mond. 
!34!Tues. 
135 Wed. 
I3fi 1 hur. 



9 New Moon 52m. past 5,17 
1st After Ascension. [p. M. 18 
Ann Roleyn beheaded, 1535. j 
Fahrenheit b. ItHi. 
O Connell d. 1*17. 
Batt. of Albucra, 1811. 



la 
11 
is 

13 

14 
IS 
l! 
I 

i 

19 

20; UOjMond. ;c oluiiibus d. 1506. 

21 141 Tues. Maria Edgeworth d. 1849. 

22 142 Wed. jUatt. of liauuen, 1SH. 
23143Thur. Batt. of KarailHei, l?(Hi. 
24 144|Fiidayaneen Victoria b. 1819. 



137; Friday Talleyrand d. 1833. 
I 3-- >atm. j 5 

1 39 San. 



18 

19 
1.9 



19 

20 

1 20 

20 

:20 



UMSatur. j Full Moon 51m. past c 20 58.6 



26 14 SUH. TViwtty. [P.M. 21 

147 Mond. jl rince George of Hanover b.<21 
2,s|l48;Tufs. |T. Moore b. 1780. [18i9.:21 



29 149 
30(150 



Wed. 
Thur. 
Fi iday nr. onalmers <i. 



SirT. D. Lauder d. 1848. 
Carpus Chrisli. 



7. 
25. 
42 

0. 
17. 
34. 
51. 

7. 
23. 
39. 
54. 
10. 
25. 
39. 
53. 

7 

21. 
34. 
47, 



12 
24 
36 
47 
58 

9 
Hi 
29 
38 
47 
56 



". 

: i 

! 

: i 
I 

I i 
; ! 
i 


: i 
11 
l i 
1 i 
i 
II 
11 
9J11 

e 1 1 

911 
911 
511 



m. s. 
56 55 
56 48 



Toronto. ] Montreal. 

Rises ,Si 
(. m.\h. 



56 
56 

56 
56 
56 
56 

56 
56 
56 
56 
56 



.6 11 



.411 



56 
56 
56 
56 
56 
56 
56 
56 
56 
56 
56 
56 
56 

56 55 

57 
57 10 
57 19 



Moon rispg or sets. 
Toronto. Montreal 



4 57 
4 56 



I 556 
4 537 

4 51 7 



024 
O2 i4 



m. i/i. m. li. in. h,. 7/1. 
53 7 01 Morn g Morn g. 
527 02 2a.?n\ 7a-m 
5li7 03 45 i U 50 
49|7 05 1 24 
4SJ7 16 1 59 
46!7 06 2 29 



487 

47J7 

467 

. 

1 44 1 
( 4-27 
1 41 7 
I 40[7 
1 39|7 

I 37 7 

i 35 r 

4 347 

i 33 ; 

I 3-27 
I 327 



034 
04 .1 
054 
064 
074 
4 



7 07 2 59 
7 09 3 29 



427 H) 3 58 



1 29 

2 02 

2 32 

3 01 
3 29 
3 57 



08 
10 
7 H 
12 



417 11 4 31 4 29 

39 7 13 Sets pm Sets.;*.;,7 
387 14 7 49 ; 7 54 



4 37 

4 36 
4 35 



i:; 



7 If) 8 59 
7 Hi 10 02 



901 

10 07 



7 17 : 11 01 ill 06 



7 18 11 50 



4 327 20. Morn g 



i] 55 

Moin g. 



4 3i 7 21 36a. mO 39i.ni 



317 



I 317 

4 307 

I 297 



164 

17 I 
184 
194 

214 
23 I 

23 4 
2! i 
254 



:2, 1 12 

x?:> 7 23 1 47 

2-: 7 21 2 19 

27 7 25 2 49 

if, 7 26 3 19 

25 7 28 3 r,() 

257 9 Rises. 

247 30 8 14/J7* 

237 31 9 08 

22|7 32 9 57 



1 15 

1 49 

2 19 

2 48 

3 17 
3 47 
Rises. 

S 19p.m 
9 14 
10 03 



4 287 2t>4 21 7 3310 42 40 48 
I 277 27J4 21|7 33 II 23 11 28 
4 2717 2714 2017 3411 59 jMornV. 



- 

10.] JUNE HAS 30 DAYS AND BEGINS ON SATURDAY. [1850. 



<I L 

N 

D F 
9 Pi 
d Pt 
C A 


MOON S PHASES. 
(/. h. m. i 
*st Quarter 2 10 30 


THE 
PLANETS 


1ST JUNE. 


15TH JUNE. 


ew Moon 9 14 03 
irst Quarter 16 506 


Meridian 


Right 
Ascen 
sion. 


Decl. 


Meridian 


Right 
Ascen 
sion. 


Decl. 


ill Moon 23 20 53 




pogee 24 11 


5 Merc. 
j 2 Venus 
$ Mars. 
y Jupit r 
Jj> Saturn 
J Uran s 


h. m. 
An Eve 
1 38 a 
4 11 a 
6 22 a 
8 30m 
9 08?7i 


h. m. 
riing S 
6 17 
8 50 
11 02 
1 09 
1 47 


o / 
tar. 
24 39 N 
19 13 N 
1 34 N 
4 53 N 
10 32N 


h. m. 
A Morn 
1 57 a 
3 48 a 
5 31 a 
7 40m 
8 15m 


h. m. 
ing Sta 
7 31 
9 23 
11 07 
1 14 
1 50 


o / 

r. 
23 25 N 
16 43 N 
7 04 N 
5 17N 
10 44 A" 




Sumidiameter at Greenwich. Norm. 


Date. 


Of Sun. 


Of Moon. 


1 
10 
20 
30 


i n 
15 47.2 
15 46.1 
15 45.4 
15 45.1 


ii 

14 4S.5 
16 29.8 
15 14.2 
14 53.6 


Pole Star on the Meridian, 15</. 7h. 29m. 19s. P. M., L. T. 



METEOROLOGICAL, TABLE FOR JUNE. 





[Toronto, C. W., 
from I40tol8t8 


Greenwich, 

England, 1841 to 


Montreal, C. E. 
1845 to 1848 in 






inclusive. 


1847 inclusive. 


clusive. 








o 


o 


o 




Mean Temperature 


60.87 


60.03 


66.79 




Mean Highest Temperature. . . . 


83.80 


84.04 


92.50 




VIean Lowest Temperature .... 


35.96 


43.64 


45.25 




Mean Elasticity of Vapour 




0.404 


0.409 






VIea n Humirfit v (if Ihp Air. . . 




76 


78 






\ve 


ra^e Quantity of Rain 




3. 375 In. 


1.279 In. 








6 





Day 




Sun s 


A pp. Noon 


Sun. 


Moon. 


V- 






of 
Week. 


Remarkable Days. 


declin n 
North. 


shewinj 
the Kq. of 


Toronto. Montreal. 


Toronto. 


Montreal 


Q 


a 












Time. 


Rises 


rifts jRises. Sets 


~Ri?PS. 




Rises. 




i 











i 


h. m. s. 


h. m. 


h.m. h. m. h. in. 


IL. m. 




fl. m. 


1 


152 


Satur. 


Lord Howe s victory, 1794. 


22 


4.6 


11 57 27 


4 26 


7 28 4 20 7 34 


Morn g. 


OSfi.m 


2 


153 


Sun. 


([ LastQr.SOin past 10, p.m 


22 


12.6 


11 57 36 


4 26 


7 29 4 20 7 35 


3la.ni 


34 


a 


154 


Men. 


Easter Term begins. 


22 


20.1 


11 57 46 


4 26 


7 30:4 19 7 36 


1 02 




1 05 


4 


155 


Tues. 


Prince Leop.K.ofBelg.,1831 


22 


27.3 


11 57 56 


4 25 


7 31 


4 19 


7 37 


1 30 




1 31 


5 


156 


Wed. 


King of Hanover born, 1771. 


22 


34.0 


11 58 6 


4 25 


7 31 4 18 


7 38 1 f-8 




1 58 


fiUSTJThus. 


Corneille born, 1 


22 


40.4 


11 58 17 


4 24 


7 3a!4 17 


7 39 


2 28 




2 28 


7 


158) Friday 


\Var!uirton died, 1779. 


22 


46.4 


11 58 28 


1 24 


7 32i4 1 


7 


7 39 


3 00 




2 59 


81 


159 


Salur. 


Pope born, 16??. 


22 


51.9 


11 58 39 


4 24 


7 33 4 17 


7 40 


3 37 




3 34 


9 


160 


Sun. 


2nd Sunday after Trinity. 


22 


57.1 


11 58 51 


4 24 


7 34 4 17 


7 41 


Sets. 




Sets. 


10 


161 


Mori. 


New Moon 3m. pst. 2 a.m 


23 


01.9|11 59 3 


4 23 


7 35 


4 17 


7 41 


7 4vp.i 


i 


7 50pii 


11 


16-3 


Tues. 


: Wth,] Choli:ra at .Montreal 


23 


6.3 


111 59 15 


4 23 


7 35 


4 16 


7 42 


8 48 




8 54 


I ; 4l63 


Wed. 


New York Inc., 1005. [1S3C 


23 


10.2 


11 59 27 


4 23 


7 35 


4 16 


7 42 


9 44 




9 49 


13 


164!Thur. 


Corsica taken by France, 176! 


23 


13.8 


ill 59 39 


4 23 


7 36 


4 16 


7 43 


10 33 




10 37 


14 


165 


i Friday 


llattle of Marengo, l?l)0. 


23 


16.9 


ill 59 52 


4 23 


7 37 


4 16 


7 4311 14 




11 18 


15 


166 


Satur. 


Easter Term ends. 


23 


19.7 


12 4 


4 23 


7 37 


4 16 


7 44 1 1 50 




11 53 


16 


167 


Sun. 


]) First Clr. 6m pastS, p.m. 


23 


22.0 


12 17 


4 23 


7 37 


4 16 


7 44 


Morn g. 


Morn g. 


17 


168 


Mon. 


J. Wesley born, 1703. 


23 


23.912 30 


4 23 


7 38 


4 16 


7 44 


23a.m 


24a.m 


18 


169 


Tues. 


Battle of Waterloo, 1315. 


23 


25.4 


12 43 


4 23 


7 38 4 16 7 45 


54 




54 


19J170 


Wed. 


Bar. deRotienburg Pros. 1813 


23 


26.4 


12 56 


4 23 


7 39 


4 16!7 46 


1 24 




1 22 


20 


171 


Thur. 


Victoria s Accession, 1837. 


23 


27.1 


12 1 9 


4 23 


7 39 


4 16 


7 46 


1 54 




1 52 


21 


172|Friday 


Bat. of Vinpgar Hill, 1798. 


23 


274 


12 1 22 


4 23 


7 39 


4 16 


7 46 


2 26 




2 2t 


22 


! 73 Satur. 


Machiavel died. 1.V27. 


23 


27.2 


12 1 34 


4 -24 


7 40 


4 17 


7 47 


3 01 




2 57 


23 


174 


Sllll. \\th Sunday after Trinity. 


23 


2fi.7 


12 1 47 


4 24 


7 40 


4 17 


7 47 


3 39 




3 34 


24 


175 


Won. ;A Full Moon. Win nst. 8. a.m 23 


25.7 


12 2 


4 25 


7 39 


4 18 


7 46 


Rises 




Rises. 


25 176i Tn es. 


Buttle of liannockburu, 1314. 


23 


24.3 


12 2 13 


4 25 


7 39 


4 18 


7468 40p.m 


8 46p.m 


26U77 Wet). 


G. White died, 1793. 


23 


22.4 


12 2 25 


4 25 


7 39 


4 18 7 46 


9 22 




9 27 


27178 Thur. 


Zsehokke died, l?4 a . 


23 


20.2 


12 2 38 


4 26 


7 39 


4 19|7 -46 


10 00 




10 04 


28J179 Friday 


Great Fire at (iuebec, 1845. 


23 


17.6 


12 2 50 


4 26 


7 39<4 20 7 46 


10 35 




10 38 


29j 180 Satur. 


."> /. Peter and Paul. 


3 


14.5 


12 3 2 


4 277 39(4 20 


7 46 


11 05 




11 OS 


301181 


Sun. 


~itk aflcr Trinity. 


23 


11.1 


12 3 14 


4 27|7 39 


4 20 


7 46 


11 31 




U 33 



1850.] 


JULY HAS 31 DAYS 


AND BEGINS 


ON 


MONDAY. [11. 


MOON S PHASES. 


THK 
PLANETS 


IST OF JULY. 


IOTH OF JULY. 








d. h. m. 




([ Last 


Quarter. . . . 


2 41 




B New 


Moon 


8 21 10 




















D First 


Quarter. . . . 


15 13 24 


Meridian 


Right 
Ascen- 


Decl 




Meridian 


Riaht 
Ascen 


Dec). 




Full 


Moon 


23 12 07 






s i o n 








sion. 






G Last 


Quarter.... 


31 12 00 





































d Perigee 


9 10 






h. m. 


fl. 


m. 


o / 




h. m. 


h. m. 


o / 




23 17 


$ Merc. 


A Morn 


ing Sta 


r. 




A Morn 


ing Sta 


r. 






? Venus 

^ TVT a r 5 


2 15 a 

3 22 o 


8 52 

Q s,Q 


19 22 

1 3 9& 


A 

v 


2 26 a 

2^O ft 


9 58 
10 32 


14 02 A T 
10 19 A 


SemidiameUr at Greenwich, Aiion. 


Date. 


Of Sun. 


Of Moon. 


(*, f**ar0i 

IfJupU i 


4 35 a 


tj 

11 


vv 

14 


i O *O 

6 16 


. i 
A 


tJ U v 

3 47 a 


11 21 


J. \J 1 \J J. 

5 26 A 




















It 


lj Saturn 


6 41m 




! 


18 


5 37 A* 


5 48m 


1 20 


5 47 A 




1 




15 45.1 


15 6.9 


WUran s 


7 J4m 




1 


52 


10 55 


A 


6 21m 


1 53 


11 01 A 1 


10 




15 45.2 


16 40.0 


O 
























in 




15 45.8 


Mr in K 






















*v 

31 




15 46.9 


JU. O 

15 30.3 


PoleStaron the Meridian, 


]5d. 5h. 33m. 44s., A.M., U. T. 


METEOROLOGICAL 


TABLE 


FOR JULY. 














Orenwich, 






Toronto, C.\V-. 


England, from 


Montreal, 


C. E. 






from 


1840 to 1^ 


g 


1841 to 1847 in 


1845 to 1848 in 






inclusive. 


clusive. 


clusive. 














o 








o 




o 








Mean Temperature, 


66.12 




61 


.43 




71.36 






Mean Highest Temperature. . . 


88.28 




85 


.37 




97.00 






Mean Lowest Temperature.. . . 


42.86 




45 


80 




53.25 






Mean Elasticity of Vapour.. . . 




0.475 









.440 












Mean Humidity of the Air. . . . 




75 








81 












Average Quantity of Rain .... 




3.803 In. 


2.049 In. 






u 





Day 


Sun s 


\pp. Noon 


Sun. 


MJOII. 





o 


of 
Week. 


Remarkable Days. 


Declin 
North. 




shewing 
the Eq,~bf 


Toronto. 


Montreal. 


Toronto. 


Montreal 


Q 


Q 


















Time. 


Rises Sets. 


luges ccts.. 


Rises. 


Rises. 
















. 







h. m. s. 


\h. m 


h. m. 


/i. m. 


/i. ;/i. 


h. m. 


/i. m. 


1 


82 


Mon. 


Sir E.P. Robinson Lt.Gov 


15 


23 


7.2 


1 2 3 


26 


4 277 39 


4 20 


7 461 


i 59pm 


I200;m 


2 


183 


Tues. 


(S. LastQr. 41m. past noon. 


23 


3.0 


12 3 


37 4 28 7 39 


4 21 


7 46 morn g. 


morn g. 


3 


184 


Wed. 


Quebec founded 1608, 


22 


58. 


. 


12 3 


4S 


4 2lr 


7 39 


4 22 


7 46 


-28am 


027am 


4 


185 


Thur. 


Chauteaubriaud died 1815. 


22 


53. 


3 


12 3 


59 


4 29:7 3:. 


4 23 


7 45 


59 


57 


5 


186 


Frid. 


French take Algiers 1830. 


22 


47. 


i 


12 4 


i" 


4 307 38 


4 23 


7 45 


1 32 


1 29 


6 


187 


Satur. 


Cattle of Maida 150(5. 


22 41. 


! 


12 4 


20 


4 307 38 


4 23 


7 45 


2 10 


2 06 


7 


188 


Sun. 


ftlh Sunday after Trinity. 


2-2 


35. 


i 


12 4 


30 


4 31 7 38 4 24 7 45 


2 55 


2 50 


8 


189 


Mon. 


I .urke died 1797. 




22 29. 


1 


12 4 


10 


4 3; 


.7 37 


4 25 


7 45 Sets. 


Sets. 


9 


19u 


Tues. 


0Ne\v Moon 10m. past O.A.M- 


22 22. 


1 


12 4 


49 


4 3c 


17 37 


4 26 


7 44 


729pm 


7 34 


10 


191 


Wed. 


Columbus 


born 1447. 




22 14 


d 


12 4 


.". 


- 


4 337 37 


4 26 


7 44 


8 23 


8 28 


11 


192 


Thur. 


Lalanrle born 17c- 2. 


22 6 


8 


1-2 5 




6 


4 34 7 36 


4 27 


7 43 


9 09 


9 lli 


12 


193 


Frid. 


Erasmus 


died 1.")30. 




21 58 


6 


12 5 


14 


4 3J : 7 36 ! 2* 


7 43 


9 49 


9 52 


13 


194 


Satur. 


Napoleon 


surrendered 1815. 


21 


50. 


1 


12 5 


22 


4 3o 7 35 


4 29 


7 4210 24 


M 25 


14 


195 


Sun. 


1th Sunday after Trinity. 


21 


41 


1 12 5 


29 


4 36 7 35 


4 3o 


7 41 10 56 


10 56 


15 


196 


Mon. 


riCth) Sir J. Reynolds b.l7 K 


21 


31 


8112 5 


35 


4 377 34 


4 3] 


7 41 1 


27 


1 1 26 


16 


19? 


Tues. 


D First Qr. 24m. past 1, A.M. 


21 


22. 


2 


12 5 


11 


4 38 7 34 


4 32 


7 401 


1 57 


11 55 


17 


198 


Wed. 


Michilimacihack taken 1812. 


21 


12 


! 


12 5 


47 


4 397 33 


4 33 


7 39 morn g. 


morn g. 


18 


199 


Thur. 


(lampden 


died 1613. 




21 


1 


8 


12 5 


r> 


i 


4 40 7 32 


4 34 


7 38 


30am 


27am 


19 


200 


Frid. 


Princess Augusta born 1822. 


20 51 





12 5 


56 


4 41 7 31 


4 35 


7 37 


1 04 


59 


20 


201 


Satur. 


Playfair died 1819. 


20 39.9 


12 6 




d 


4 42 7 30 


4 367 36 


1 40 


1 35 


2i|202Snn. 


8tA Sunday after Trinity. 


20 28 


1 


12 6 




3 


4 437 29 


4 37 7 35 


2 20 


i 15 


22 


,203! Mon. 


Hat. of Salamanca 1812. 


20 16 


1 


12 6 




5 


4 44,7 28 


4 38 


7 34 


3 07 


3 01 


23 204 Tues. 


Can. Union Hill assent, to 


40. 


20 4 


5 


12 6 




7 


4 45!7 27 


4 39 


7 33 


3 57 


3 51 


24 


205|Wed. 


Full Moon 7m. pastmidn i 


19 52 


1 


12 6 




9 


4 467 26l4 40 


7 32 Rises. 


Rises. 


25 


206J Thur. 


liritish League Kingston 1849. 


19 39 


3 12 6 


10 


,4 46!7 26 


4 41 


7 31 


8 3fipm 


S4Qpm 


26 


207 


Frid. 


Battle of Aboukir 1799. 


19 26 


2 12 6 


10 


!4 47J7 25 


4 42 


7 30 


9 07 


9 10 


27 


J208 


Satur. 


Revolution in France 1?30. 


19 12 


7112 6 


10 


4 48 7 24 


4 43 


7 29 


9 35 


9 37 


28 


209 


Sun. 


Sth Sunday after Trinity. 


18 59 





12 6 




9 


4 49 7 23 4 44 


7 28 10 03 


10 04 


29211! 


Mon. 


Robespierre guil. 1794. 


18 44 


9 


12 6 




^ 


4 51,7 214 46 


7 2640 31 


10 31 


30211 


Tues. 


I enn died 1718. 


(8 30 


5 


12 6 


6|4 527 20 


4 47 


7 2540 59 


10 58 


31 


212 


Wed. 


<I Last Quarter midnight. 


18 15 


8 


12 6 




3 


4 537 19 


J4 48 


7 24 


11 31 11 28 


i 




























12.] AUGUST HAS 31 DAYS AND BEGINS ON THURSDAY. [1850- 



N 

DF 

J> 
a P 

a A 


MOON S PH. 

ew Moon 
irst Quarter. 

nil Moon. . . 
ast Quarter . 
erj^ee . . 


fl.SBS. 
d. h. m. 
7 4 16 
14 29 
22 3 55 
29 21 1 
6 20 
19 2-> 


THE 

PLANETS. 


IST or AUGUST. 


15TH 


OF AUGUST. 


Meridian 


ttigiu 

Ascen- 
tion. 


Uecl. 


Meridian 


Right 
Ascen- 
tion. 


Decl. 


2 Merc. 
? Jupiter. 
$ Mars. 
2| Jupiter. 
Ip Saturn. 
JJf Uranus. 


h. m. 
An Eve 
2 34 a 
2 31 a 
2 51 (i 
4 42m 
5 Mm 


A. m. 
riing Si 
11 13 
11 11 
11 3-2 

1 -n 

1 54 


o / 

ar. 
6 05 A T 
6 10.V 
4 15A 7 
5 49A T 
14 05 AT 


h. m. 
An Eve 
2 37 a 
2 OS a 
2 06 
3 47m 
4 19 m 


h. m. 
ning Si 
12 12 
11 43 
11 42 
1 21 
1 53 


O 1 

ar. 
1 02 5 
2 34 A 
3 10A T 
5 42N 
11 04 JV 


po^ee . 




Stmi-diameUr at Greenwich, noun. 


Date. ^ 

1 
10 
20 
31 


Of Sun. 
~ n 

15 47.0 
15 48.3 
15 50.2 
15 52.5 


of Moon. 


/ n 

15 37.0 
16 20.9 
14 42.3 
16 0.3 


Pole Star on Meridian 15th, 3h. 32m. 14s. 


A. M., U. T. 



METEOROJLOGICAi, TABLE FOR AUGUST. 



i Greenwich, 
Toronto, C. W. England, from Montreal, C. E. 
from 1S4U to 184S 1S4J to 1S47 ju- 1S45 to 1648 iu-j 
inclusive. elusive. elusive. 



Mean Temperature 

Mean Highest Temperature. , . .i 
Mean Lowest Temperature . . . . j 
Mean Elasticity of Vapour .... 

Mean Humidity of the Air 

Average Quantity of Rain 



65.75 
M.41 
45.46 

0.500 
.* 

2. 864 In 



61.19 
83.63 
45.10 

0.456 
.84 

2. 329 In. 



71.40 
92.50 
53.00 



M4 Friday 

3 2l.rSaln.-. 

316 Sun, 

-17|Mond. 
ft 



2l3 



Day of 

tiic 
Week. 



Thur. 



219|Wed. 
220JThur. 



222 



9 

10 
ll 
1 
13 

14 X 

15j2 2?(Th.(ir. 



atur. 
Sun. 

Aloud. 
1 ues. 



Sun s 



Remarkable ays. 



1 $228 Friday 
171229 Satur. 
18 hSOginil. 
19 31 Mond. 
2d>3-2Tues. 



o 

Lnimnns. 18 

Bait, of the Nile, 1703. ; 17 

Sir N. Harris died 1S-4S. !l7 

If/A Sunday after Trinity. 17 
Ban. of Krownston, 181-2. 16 
I rince Alfred Krnestb. 1844. 16 
New Moon 16m. past 4 16 
L annina died 1827. [i .M.|16 
Captain Marryatt died 1S48. 15 
Halt, of llassano, 17!)6. 15 

|llfA Sunday after Trinity. 15 
George IV. b. 1762. fI818.|14 
Sir P. Maitland Lieut. Gov . 1-1 
D Fir.n Quarter 2 Jm. past; 14 
Napoleon Lorn 17(53. [ noon.) 1 4 



App. mon, Sun. 

Allowing 
the Eq. of | Toronto. ; Montreal. 

Time. ;-.... _.. 



0.8 

45.5 
29.9 
14.1 
59.9 

41.5 



21 
2-2 
23 
24 
25 
26 



233! \Ved. 
23LThnr. 



237 



39 
-240 
241 
301242 



8lL>43kSutur. 



24.912 

7.9;i2 
50.7112 
33.212 
15.5 1-2 
57.5112 
39J La 
20.9 12 

2.312 



Andrew Marvel died 1"i7-.. 
Duchess of Kent born l<-n 
{It/i after Sunday Trinity. 
The Royal Georjre sunk. 
Treaty of Washington, 
!lr. A. Clarke died 1K3 >. 

Full Moon o.mi. past3 J .M 



43.4 



12 



24.312 
5.012 



Satur. 
Sun. 

Mond. 

I ues. 
Wed. 
["hur. 
Friday 



N. Y. ceded to England, 1IH57. i 1 1 
U asihmgton taken, l,-r)4. 
13(A Sunday after Trinity. 
Trinity Term begins. 
Bait, of Lon Island, 1770. 
(Jrotius die*i Iti4j. 
Locke born 1G30. 



d Last Quarter 1m. past J> 
BunyaH died 1688. [A. M. 



i 11 

[10 
10 
10 
9 

8 
8 



45.4 
25.7 

5.8 
45.7 
25.4 

5.0 
44.3 
23.5 

2.5 
41.4 
20.0 
58.6 
37.0 



m. 
6 
5 
5 
5 
5 
5 
5 
5 
5 
5 
4 
4 
4 
4 
4 
4 
3 
3 
3 



56 

52M 

47|4 

41 

33 

28 

"I 

13 



/(. in. III. m.\li. 
4 54i7 18|4 
4 55i7 



56 ! 7 



171 
!6i4 



m.\k. m. 
49!7 v3 
5i)7 22 



16 

36 

25 
14:5 
25 
505 
37 5 



12 3 ii3 



12 

12 2 55 



95 

f,n ^ 



12 
1-2 
1-2 
12 
12 



2 40 
2 25 , 
2 9J5 
53|5 
365 
19 



57 7 15 1 
58J7 144 
r, j7 13A 
On:7 114 
01|7 09J4 
O- 1 7 08 4 
04J7 06:4 
087 

06!7 04 .-> 
07; 7 035 
0817 01:5 

10 ! 6 5SI5 
1 1 C . : )7 . ) 
12l6 555 

13 o 53 .) 

14 . , 5/5 
1.66 50 ; 5 
17 fi 495 
18|6 47.5 
19i6 455 
20 6 44|5 



51 

20 
537 IS) 

5^ 7 
557 



577 



12 45 
12 27 
12 8 



21 



") 24 

5 25 

26 

.=> 27 



6 43(5 
6 40 
(i 3S 
6 375 
6 35 
6 33l5 



17 
L5 
13 

5S.7 1-2 
597 11 
01 17 Oti 
02.7 08 
03|7 07 

04 7 or- 

05 7 03 

o(-; 7 o- 

(),s 7 0(: 
09|6 58 
106 5t; 
116 55 
12 ! 6 54 
146 52 
15:6 50 
166 48 
176 47 
196 45 
JO 6 4/ 
21|6 41 
23 ii 3!) 
24| 6 37 
25J6 3 



Moon. 



h. m. 
vlorn 




44 



1 32 

2 29 

3 32 
Sets. 

7 40j3.??i 
8 iO 

8 54 

9 26 
9 59 

10 30 

11 04 
11 40 
Morn g. 
20a.m 

1 04 

1 S2 

2 44 

3 40 

4 38 



Toronto. I Montreal 

Ki-es. 
ll. in. 
Morn g. 

40 

1 27 

2 23 

3 17 
Sets. 

7 44p.m 
8 21 

8 55 

9 25 
9 57 

10 27 

11 00 
11 35 
Morn g. 
\5a.ni 

58 

1 46 

2 39 

3 b5 

4 34 
Rises. 

8 06pm 

8 34 

9 01 
9 30 

10 01 

10 33 

11 20 
Morn g. 



Rises. 



8 34 

9 02 
9 32 

10 05 
10 42 
.1 25 
Horn g. 



1850 ] SEPTEMBER HAS 3O DAYS AND BEGINS ON SUNDAY.[13 



MOON S PHASES. 


THE 
PLANETS 


IST SEPTEMBER. 


15TH SEPTEMBER. 


Ne 
DFi 
FL 
d L? 
d Pe 
C AI 




d. h. m. 
5 12 11 




. .12 15 4 


Meridian 


Eight 
Ascen 
sion. 


Decl. 


Meridian 


Right 
Ascen 
sion. 


Deel. 


11 Moon 


..20 19 23 


st Quarter. . . 


..28 4 36 




..450 


Merc. 
? Venus 
Mars. 
14 Jupit i 
J? Saturn 
t$ Uran s 


A. m. 
Evenin 
2 40 a 
1 41 a 
1 12 a 
2 38 ?n 
3 11 in 


h. m. 
g Star. 
13 22 
12 23 
11 54 
1 18 
1 52 


O 1 

9 37 S 
1 55 S 
1 48 iY 
5 25 X 
10 58 A 7 


h. m. 
Evenin 
2 42 a 
1 9 a 
28 a 

I 3(1 ?/! 

2 15m 


/l. m. 
gStar. 
14 19 
12 56 
12 5 
1 15 
1 51 




16 6 S 
5 3S S 
36 A" 
5 4 A 
10 48 JK 




..16 8 






Semidinmeter at Greenwich, 3o". 


Dale. 


Of Sun. 


Of Moon. 


1 
10 
20 
30 


; / 
15 52.7 
15 54.9 
15 57.6 
ifi 0.2 


/ // 

16 12.1 
15 37.6 
14 55.6 
16 12.8 


Pole Star on the Meridian, 15th, at \h. 30m. 13*. A.M. U. 



METEOROLOGICAL TABLE FOK SEPTEMBER. 







inclusive. 


elusive. 











O ( 


. . 






57.40 


56.99 


58.50 






Mean Highest Temperature. . . . 


80.67 


77.96 


84.00 






Mean Lowest Temperature 


3-2 . 29 


35.87 


39.25 






Mean Elasticity of Vapour 


0.385 


0.414 










81 


87 








Ave 




4. 610 In 


1.939 In. 


















Sun. 


Moon. 


Si 


!H 


Day 




Sun s 


App. Noon 










Toronto. Mov.treal 


kj 


W 

o 


of 


Remarkable Days. 


declin n 


hewing 


Toronto. 


Montreal. 






W 


Of. t 




N. 


& 6. 


.he Bq. of 








? 

Dj 


10 

O 










Time. 


[Rises Sets 


Rises 


feis 


Rises. 


Rises. 












\ 


3 1 


h. m. s. 


h. m. h. m. 


h. m 


h. m. 


h. m. 


h. m. 


2 


244 

245 


o it H 

MOD. 


Htk Sunday after Trinity. 
Great Fire in London, 1666. 


g 

7 


15.3 
53.4 


11 59 50 
11 59 31 


5 i>9.6 31 
5 30 6 30 


5 -27 
5 28 


6 33 
6 32 


15a.m 
1 13 


1 7 


1 




Tues. 


- ir E. Coke died, 1C33. 


7 


31.4 


II 59 12 


5 31 6 28 


b yy 


b 29 


2 18 




2 12 


. 
5 
6 

7 


247 
248 
249 
250 


Wed. 
Thur. 
Friday 
iSatur. 


River Hudson discov d, 1009 
The Boxer capt, 1314. 
New Moon lira. pt. 12A.M 
Trinity Term ends. 


i 
6 
6 
6 


9.3 

47.0 
"4.7 
2.2 


11 58 53 
11 58 33 
11 58 13 
11 57 53 


5 32 6 26 
5 34:6 24 
5 34 6 22 
5 35 6 21 


5 30 
.i 32 
5 33 
5 34 


6 2N 
6 26 
6 24 

6 2^ 


3 31 

Sets. 
6 49p.m 
7 22 


3 27 

Sets. 
6 50p.i 
7 22 


85251 
9252 
10253 

12| 255 
13256 
14257 

1 61259 


Sun. 

Mon. 
Tues. 
Wed. 
Thur. 
Friday 
jSatur. 

Mori. 
Tues. 


\5lh Sunday after Trinity. 
Battle of Flodden 1513. 
Battle of Lake Erie, 1813. 
Thomson born, 1700. 
Rattle at North Point, 1P14. 
J) First Qr. 4m. past 3, A.M. 
Moscow burnt, 1812. 
ii th Sunday fftcr Trinity. 
New York taken, 177G. 
Sortie from Fort Erie, 1814. 



5 
4 
1 
4 
:: 
3 

Q 

2 
2 


39.6 
17.0 
54.2 
31.4 
8.5 
45.5 
22.5 
59.4 
362 
13.0 


11 57 335 37|6 195 35 
11 57 13^5 37 6 17 5 36 
11 56 52,5 386 16 5 37 
11 56 325 406 14 5 39 

11 56 11 5 4016 12 5 4(i 
11 55 505 41 6 10 5 41 
11 55 29i5 426 85 42 
11 55 85 -14 ! 6 6 5 43 
11 54 47!5 46 6 4 15 44 
11 54 255 476 2,5 -If, 


b 20 
6 18 
(i 17 
6 15 
6 13 
6 11 
6 9 
6 7 
6 5 
6 3 


7 57 
8 28 
9 1 
9 37 
10 J6 
10 59 
11 47 
VIorn g. 
38.m 
] 32 


7 56 
8 25 
8 57 
9 32 
10 11 
10 54 
11 42 
Morn g. 
32a.i 
1 27 


18261 


Wed. 


Quebec taken, 1750. 


; 


49.711 54 45 486 


o t 


1 


b 2 


2 30 




2 25 


19^62 
201262 
2ll264 


Thur. 
Friday 

Satur. 


Lord Sydenham died, 1841. 
Deir.crnra taken, 1803. 
Full Moon 23m past 7, A.M 


I 

i 




26.5 
3.1 
39.8 


11 53 435 495 59 

11 53 22i5 505 57 
11 53 1 5 51 5 55 


o 47 
5 48 
5 50 


b J 
5 59 
5 56 


3 29 
4 28 
Rises. 


3 25 
4 26 

Rises. 


2S 
2c 
24 


,265 Sun. 

2i:C) Mon. 
<267 Tues. 


17/A Sunday after Trinity. 
Planet Neptune discov. IblG 
Cardan born, 1501. 


16.4 
SO 16.9 
30.4 


11 52 40 : 5 535 53 
11 52 195 545 50 
11 51 585 555 49 


o 52 
5 54 
5 56 


b 53 

5 50 
5 48 


7 6p.m 
7 35 
8 6 


7 sp.m 
7 33 
8 3 


21 
2f 
2 
2* 
21 
3( 


268 Wed. 
-269 Thur. 
270 Friday 
|271)Satur. 

);273|Mon. 


F. Hemans born, 1791. 
Philadelphia captured 1777. 
Nelson born, 1758. 
I)Last Qr. 3Gm past 4 P.M., 
18(A Sunday after Trinity. 
[30th] Michaelmas. 


53.8 
1 17.2 
1 4().f 
2 4.1 
2 27.4 
2 50.7 


11 51 35 
11 51 1" 
11 50 5" 
11 50 3" 
11 50 U 
11 49 5 


!5 565 48 
5 56 5 46 
5 585 44 
r 5 595 43 
*6 00;5 41 
! 6 1 5 39 


5 57 
|5 58 
5 59 
6 00 
6 I 
6 2 


5 46 
5 44 
5 43 
5 42 
5 40 
B 38 


8 42 
9 21 
10 9 
11 3 
Morn g 
4a.m. 


8 38 
9 26 
10 4 
10 58 
11 59 
Morn g. 



14.] OCTOBER HAS 31 DAYS AND BEGINS ON TUESDAY. [1S50. 



Semidifin 


eter at Grtfvwir.li. .\<inn. 


venu 


s. 


z 10 a 


10 20 


iZ & 


Z 48 


a lo 23 


25 46 5 








j Mars 

1 / Til -\i t 


_ 


56 a 13 36 

11 *jO >!, 1 rt t O 


9 47 S 

OA C C 1 


37 


a 14 12 


13 15 S 


Date. 


i n Sun. 


Ol Moon. 






1 II 


I u 


U. Jupit 


1 , 


I oo in 


14 1O 


46 5 


10 54? 


n 12 29 


1 57 S 


1 




16 0.5 


16 18 1 


7 Saturn. 


31 m 


1 11 


4 36 A 


11 30 


u 1 7 


4 11 N 


10 




16 3.0 


L \J 1 O 1 

15 10-7 


JJtUran s. 


1 llm 


1 49 


10 39 A 


14 r 


i 1 47 


10 27 N 


20 




16 5.8 


15 20.2 


















30 




16 8.6 


16 6.1 


Pole Star on the Meridian 15th at 11A. 28m. 48s., P.M., U. 


METEOROLOGICAL TABLE FOR OCTOBER. 















Greenwich, 














Toronto, C. W. 


England, from 


Montreal, C. E., 












from 1840 to 1848 


1841 to 1847 in- 


from 1845 to 1648 














inclusive. 




clusive. 


inclusive. 














o 




o 













44.13 




49.33 


44.53 






Mean Highest Temperature. . . . 




66.62 




67.40 


69.75 






Mean Lowest Temperature . . . 




21.39 




31.31 


23.25 






Mean Elasticity of Vapour.... 




0.244 




0.327 








Mean Humidity of the Air 




82 




89 








Average Quantity of Rain 




2.812 


r: 


3.197 In. 






















*~- 


IM 

^ 


Day 


Remarkable Days. 


Sun s 


App. Noon 


Sun. 


Moen. 


c 


o 

ea 


Of 
Week. 


declin n 

South. 


shewing 
the Kq. ol 


Toronto. 


Montreal. 


Toronto 


Montreal. 


C. 














Time. 


Rises 


Sets 


Rises feu. 


Rises. 


Rises. 
















5 








k. m. 


f. 


fi. m. 


n. m. 


fi. m. k. m. 


A. m. 


A. m. 


1 


274 


Tues. 


Chusan 


captured 1841. 




3 


14 


.1 


11 49 


3d 


6 2 


5 38 


6 45 36 


1 11am 


1 6am 


i 


275 


Wed. 


Major Andre executed 1780. 


3 


37.4 


11 49 


20 


6 3 


5 36 


6 45 34 


2 22 


2 19 


3 


276 


Thur. 


Tillotson born 1720. 


4 


00.7 


11 49 


02 


6 4 


5 34 


6 55 32 


3 M 


3 33 


4 


277 


Frid. 


Belgian 


Indep. dec. 1830. 


4 


23 


.i) 


11 48 


41 


6 6 


5 32 


6 75 30 


4 49 


4 48 


5278 


Satur. 


New 


Moon 39m. past9.A.M. 


4 


-17 


.0 


11 48 


26 


6 7 


5 29 


Q 8 5 28 


Sets. 


Sets. 


6 


279 


Sun. 


lUth Sunday after. Trinity. 


5 


10 


.1 


11 48 


9 


6 8 


5 28 


6 105 26 


623pm 


6 2lpm 


7 


280 


Mon. 


Zimmerman died 1793. 


5 


33 


.2 


11 47 


52 


6 9 


5 27 


6 1 1 5 25 


6 56 


6 54 


h 1 


281 


Tues. 


Otho King of Greece 1 


32. 


5 


56 


.2 


11 47 


36 


6 11 


5 25 


6 125 24 


7 32 


7 28 


9 


282 


Wed. 


Battle of Savannah 17U7. 


6 


1 J 


.1 


11 47 


19 


6 12 


5 23 


6 135 21 


8 10 


8 5 


10 


283 


Thur.. 


B. West 


born 1738. 




6 


41 


.9 


11 47 


3 


6 13 


5 21 


6 155 19 


8-52 


8 47 


U 


284 


Frid. 


The Bahamas discov. 1492. 


7 


i 


.6 


U 46 


48 


6 15 


5 19 


i 165 18 


9 38 


9 33 


12 


285 


Satur. 


D First 


dr. 13m. past 


9, P.M 


7 


27 


.2 


11 46 


33 


6 IS 


5 18 


5 18 5 16 


10 28 


10 23 


13 


286 


San. 


20tA Sunday after Trinity. 


7 


49 


.7 


11 46 


18 


6 17 


5- 16 


6 195 13 


11 22 


11 17 


11 


287 


Mon. 


(13th) Gen. Brock killed 1812. 


8 


12 


.1 


11 46 


4 


6 18 


5 14 


6 20 5 12 


Morn g. 


Morn g. 


15 


288 


Tues. 


L. E. Landon died 1838. 


8 


31 


A 


11 45 


52 


6 19 


5 13 


6 21 5 11 


I8<m 


13am 


16 


289 


Wed. 


Kosciusko died 1817. 


8 


56 


6 


11 45 


39 


6 20 


5 11 


6 22 5 9 


1 17 


1 13 


17 


290 


Thur. 


Organs int. into Churches 660. 


9 


18 


,6 


11 45 


26 


6 21 


5 9 


6 23 5 7 


2 17 


2 14 


18 


291 


Frid. 


Battle of Leipsic 1813. 


9 


40 


,5 


11 45 


15 


6 23 


5 7 


6 25 5 5 


3 18 


3 15 


19 


292 


Satur. 


H. K. Whiue died 180G. 


10 


2 


.3 


11 45 


.j 


6 24 


5 6 


6 265 4 


4 19 


4 17 


20 


293 


Sun. 


Full Moon 54m. past 9, p Jt. 


10 


2H 


.9 


11 44 


53 


6 25 


3 5 


6 285 2 


5 21 


5 22 


21 


294 


Mon. 


Nelson died 1805. 




10 


45 


3 


11 44 


436 27 


5 3 


6 30 5 


Rises. 


lises. 


22 


295 


Tues. 


Cape Nicholas taken 1793. 


11 


(i 


(i 


11 44 


35 


6 28 


5 2 


6 31 4 58 


6 40pm 


6 36^;n 


23296 


Wed. 


Mas. of Irish Protestants 1641 


11 


27 


.8 


11 44 


26 


5 295 


6 32 4 56 


7 20 


7 15 


24 


297 


Thur. 


Chaucer 


died 1400. 




11 


48 


7 


11 44 


is 


6 HO 


4 58 


i 33 4 55 


8 5 


7 59 


25 


298 Frid. 


Bat. of Agincourt.1415. 


12 


9 


5 


11 44 


1! 


6 32 


4 56 


6 3i 


)4 53 


8 57 


8 51 


26 


299 Satur. 


Battle of Chate.iug.uay 1^13. 


12 


30 




11 44 


l~s 


5 33 


4 55 


6 3" 


" 4 51 


9 56 


9 50 


27 


*00 Sun. 


d Last 


dr. 42m. pastil, IVM 


12 


5 ) 


5 


11 44 





6 35 


4 53 


6 3J 


s 4 50 


11 1 


56 


28 


301 


Mon. 


Alfred the Great died 900. 


13 


10 


7 


11 43 


55 


6 36 4 51 


6 3< 


)4 49 


Morn g. 


Morn g. 


29 30 2 


Tues. 


Battle of Fort Erie 1812. 


1.1 


30.711 43 51 


(5 37 4 50 


64] 


4 47 


01 lam 


lam 


30303 


Wed. 


Dr. Cartwrightdied 1823. 


13 


50 


511 43 


48 


6 39(4 49 


6 4c 


!:4 45 


1 20 


1 17 


31 


304 


Thur. 


Fall of Pampeluna 1813 





14 


10 


1 


11 43 


46^6 40 (4 48 


6 4< 


[4 44 


2 33 


2 30 






















- ~ -- -"" - j 


i 1850.] NOVEMBER HAS 


30 DAY 


S AND BEGINS ON FRIDAY [15. 


MOON S PHASES. 






IST NOVEMBER. . 


15iH NOVEMBER. 








d. h. m. 






f 


INew 


Moon. .. . . . 


3 9 23 


THE 


y First Qua 
Qij) Full Moor 


rter. . . 
i 


11 5 58 
. 18 23 18 


PLANETS 


Meridian 


Right 

Ascen. 


Decl. 


Right 
Meridian Aseeu- 


Dec). 




C Last Quarter 


. 25 19 15 

i f\ O i t\ 








sion. 








sion. 






. 22 22 






h. in. 


h. m. 


o / 


h. m. 


h. m. 


o / 






$ Merc. 


Morn in 


g Star. 




11 16 in 


14 54 15 56 S ! 


Semidiamcltr at (irte.n 


icich. fiuun. 


? Venus 
J Mars., 

~) f 1 n nil J r 


2 43 a 
16 a 

Id in 


17 25 \ c &t 01 o 
14 59 17 35 
12 42 3 20 S 


Evenin 
1 . o 
9 lfn 


; g Star. 
15 39 19 44 S 
T2 f>3 4 23 -S 


Date. 


Of Sun. 


i n Moon. 








/ a 


" 


^ Saturn 


10 19 a 


1 3 3 432V 


9 


20 a 59 


3 252V 




1 




16 8.8 


16 2.1 


WUran s 


11 a 


1 44 


10 122V 


in 


3 


r 1 42 


10 12V 


10 




16 11.0 


14 47.6 




















i *i 


in 




it\ n i 


Id 1 A. 














30 




16 14.8 


15 41.4 


Pole Star 


on the Meridian, I5d. at8A 


2677i.48s. F.M.U 


METEOROLOGICAL 


TABLE FOR NOVEMBER. 






Toronts, C.W., 


Greenwich, 


Montreal, C.E., 




from 1840tol84S England, 1841 to 


1845 to 1848 in- 




inclusive. 


1&47 inclusive. 




elusive. 












o 




o 




o 




Mean Temperature.. ......... 




35.50 




44.57 




32.36 




Mean Highest Temperature... 




56.26 




59.59 




59.25 




Mean Lowest Temperature... 




12.21 




26.50 




7-75 




Mean Elasticity of Vapour 




0.182 




0.284 








Mean Humidity of the Air. . . . 




84 




91 








Average Quantity of Rain 




3. 229 In. 


2.493In- 








6 


^ 




Remarkable Days. 


Sun s 


.Sun. 
A pp. Noon 


Moon. 


V. 

o 


o 


of 

T^pplf 


declin 
South 


a 


shewing ; _ 
the En., oft Toronto. 


Montreal. , 


Toronto. 


Montreal 


O 


rt 

a 












time. jj. 


Sets. 


Rises 


Sets. Rises. 


Rises 
















a 







h. m. 


s. h. m 


fi. m 


h. m h. m. 


A. m. 


h. m. 


1 


305 


Frid. 


All Saints. 


11 


29.4 


11 43 


4416 41 


4 47 


6 


15 


4 43 3 43a.m 


3 42 


2 


306 


Satur. 


Insurrection in L. C., 1S38. 


14 


48.5 


11 43 


43;6 43 


1 45 


6 46 


4 42 4 51 


4 52 


3 


307 


Sun- 0NewMoon23mpast9p.M 


15 


7.4 


11 43 


43 6 44 4 44 


6 


18 


4 4ft| Sets. 


Sets. 


4 


308 


Mon. Hrvantdied. 1804. 




IS 


26.0 


11 43 


44 6 4K 


4 4.- 


6 


1!) 


4 39 5 ZGp.m 


5 22/>.m ! 


5 


309* 


Tues. 


Gunpowder Plot. IGOo. 


15 


44 


-1 


1 1 43 


46,6 47 


1 41 6 


51 


4 37 


6 4 


5 59 


61310 


Wed. 


Riots at 


Montreal. 1837. 




16 


2 


5 


11 43 


486 48 


4 40 6 


M 


4 3G 


6 42 


6 37 


7 


311 


Thur. 


iattle of Tippecanoe. 


16 


20.3 


11 43 


526 49 


4 39 


6 


54 


4 34 


7 29 


7 23 


8 


312 


Friday 


Milton died, 1074. 


16 


37 


9 


11 43 


56 6 50 


4 38 


6 


f>f) 


4 33 


8 18 


8 12 


9 


313 


Satur. 


Prince of Wales born, 1841. 


it; 


55 


J 


11 44 


81 


6 51 


4 376 


56 


4 32 


9 11 


9 5 


0314 


Sun. 


Z\th Sunday after Trinity. 


17 


12 


L* 


11 44 


7 


6 53 


4 356 


: j!i 


4 30 


10 7 


10 2 


ll 


315 


Mon. 


Dlst Q.r. 56m past 5 P.M. 


17 


2-i 


9 


11 44 


146 54 


4 34 


6 


59 


4 29 


11 4 


11 


ia;3l6 


Tues. 


Montreal taken 1775. 


17 


45.3 


U 44 


21 6 55 


4 33 


7 





4 28 


Moru g 


Morn g. 


13317 


Wed. 


^yinpath rs at Prescott, 


1838. 


18 


I 


.3 


U 44 


30 6 56 


4 3-2 


1 


1 


4 27 


3ti.ni 


1 am i 


14,318 


Tlnir. 


Herschell born, 1738. 


18 


17.1 


H 44 


39 6 58 


4 31 


7 


3 


4 26 


1 1 


58 


15:319 


Friday 


Battle of Arcole, 179C. 


18 


32 


fj 


11 44 


49 


7 00 


4 30 


7 


5 


425 


2 3 


2 2 


16 320 


Satur. 


Jas. Ferguson died, 177fi. 


18 47 


.7 


11 45 


00 


7 1 


4 29 


7 


6 


4 24 


3 5 


3 4 


17.32 


Sun. 


25tA Sunday after Trinity. 


19 


2 


.5 


11 45 


11 


7 2 


1 28 





7 


4 23 


4 8 


4 9 


, 181329 


Mon. 


Michaelmas Term begins. 


19 16 


9 


11 45 


i 1 


7 3 


I 27 


7 


8 


422 


5 13 


5 15 


19,323 


Tues. 


||i Full Moon 18m past 11 AM. 


19 31 


,0 


11 43 


3*3 


7 5 


1 27 


7 


10 


4 21 


Rises. 


Rises. 


! 20 324 


Wed. 


VVolsey 


died, 1530. 




19 44.7 


11 45 


51 


*7 C 


1 26 


7 


is 


f 2( ) 


6 Op.m 


5 55j9,i 


2i:325 


Thur. 


Princess Royal born, 1840. 


19 58 


.1 


11 46 


6 


7 7 


4 25 


7. 


K! 


4 19 


6 50 


6 46 


29J32< 


Friday 


I). Stewart born, 1753. 


20 11 


.1 


11 4(5 


O.: 


7 8 


4 247 


1 1 


4 18 


7 47 


7 43 


23 32 


Saiur. 


Lieut. Wier murdered, 


1837. 


20 23.8 


11 46 


38 


7 10 


4 847 


K; 


1 18 


8 52 


8 47 


24 32? 


Sun. 


ifith Sunday after Trinity. 


20 36.0 


11 46 


:,t 


7 11 


4 2317 


17 


4 17 


10 00 


9 55 


25 329 


Mon. 


British evac. N.Y., 1783. 


-20 -17.9 


11 47 


i; 


7 12 


t ^27 


18 


4 16 11 9 


11 4 





;.33< 


Tue. 


( Last dr. lorn past 7 A. M. 


20 59 4 


11 47 


31 


7 14 


4 22 


7 


20 


4 16 Morn g 


Mern g. 


27:331 


V\ 


ed. 


Princess Mary Adelaide, Ie32 


21 


10.5 


11 47 


.") . 


7 15 


1 21 


7 


31 


4 150 21a. 


18a,m 


2833-; 


Thur. 


Battle of Bexar Ib35. 


21 21 


.2 


11 48 


i: 


7 16 


1 20 7 


22 


4 14 


1 30 


1 29 


29-33S 


Friday 


[Both] St. Andrew. 


21 31 


.5 


11 48 


:! 1 


7 18 


i 20 


7 


24 


4 14 


2 37 


2 37 


3( 


!g 


Satur. 


Michaelmas Term ends. 


(21 41.4 


11 48 


5< 


7 19 


4 197 


24U 14 3 45 


46 



16] DECEMBER HAS 31 


DAYS AND BEGINS ON 


SUNDAY. [150. 


MOON S PHASES. 






















d. h. m. 




IST DECEMBER. 


15TH 


DECEMBER. 


Q New Moon . . 


2 23 59 


THE 












j) First Gtuarter. 


.11 3 20 


PLANETS. 




Right 






Right 




Full Moon. . . 


. 18 11 46 






Meridian 


Ascen 


Decl. 


Meridian 


Ascen 


Decl. 


d Last Quarter. 


25 4 7 








sion. 






sion. 




( Apogee 
( Perigee 




8 18 
20 13 


$ Merc. 


h. m 
11 56m 


h. m. 
16 37 


o / 

;23 9 5 


h. m. 
Evenin 


h. m 
g Star 


o / 












ij? Venus. 


E venin 


g Star 




11 WJ m 


17 38 


20 <*>. <J 


Stmidiamettr at Greenwich, floon. 


j Mars. 


11 47m 


16 27 


: 22 85 in 35m 


17 1123 305 


Date. 


Of 5*1111. 


Ot Moon. 


\2(. Jupiter. 


8 23m 


13 3 


5 285 


7 31 , m 


13 11 


6 16 5 








i n 


/ / 


j Tp Saturn. 


8 14 o 


57 


3 132V 


7 19 a 


51 


3 11A T 




1 




16 14.9 


15 33.7 


ft Uranus. 


8 58 a 


1 40 


9 50N\ 8 2 a 


1 31, 


9 UN 




10 




16 16.1 


14 45.9 


















20 
31 




16 16.9 
16 17.3 


16 27.7 
15 6 3 


Pole 


Star on the meridian 15th, at 7h. 28m, 33s. P. M., U. 


METEOROLOGICAL TABLE FOR DECEMBER. 








Greenwich, 








Toronto, C. W 


., England, from 


Montreal, 


C. E., 




from Is4 to 1848. 1841 to 1847 in- 


1845 to 184S in 




inclusive. 


elusive. 


clusive. 










o 






o 


o 






Mean Temperature 


27.62 




39,97 


18.58 




Mean Highest Temperature. . . . 


45.71 




54.43 


42.00 




Mean Lowest Temperature. . . . 


0.18 




24.94 


10.75 




Mean Elasticity ot Vapour .... 


0.134 




0.240 








Mean Humidity of the Air .... 


83 






90 








Average Quantity of Rain 


1.709 In- 


0-949Tn. 
























o 


^ 





















2 





Day 








Sun s 


App. noon 




Sun. 






Moon. 


O 

K 


o 

~ 


of 
w 


the 


Remarkable Days. 


Declin r 

youth. 


showing 
the Eq. of 


Toronto. 


Montreal. 


Toronto. Montreal. 


o 


Q 


vv 














time. 




Rises 


Sets. 


Rises 


Sets. 


Rises. Rises. 
















o 


i 


ti. m. 


B 


h. m. 


h. m. 


h. m. 


h. m. 


h. m. h. m. 


1 


335 


Sun. 


Advent. 






21 


50.9 


11 49 187 19 


4 19 


1 26 


4 12 


4 53 a?7i; 4 55am 


2J336 


vlond. 


Napoleon crowned. 1801. 


21 


59.9 


11 49 41 7 21 


4 18 


7 27 


4 12 




5 59 


5 59 


8 


337 


Tues. 


9 New Moon 30m. past 11 


22 


86 


11 50 


5 7 22 


4 18 


7 28 


4 12 




Sets. 


Sets. 


4 


333 


Wed- 


Richelieu died, 104-2. 


[A.M. 


22 


168 


11 50 30J7 23 


4 18 


7 29 


4 12 


5 2lpm 


5 15pm i 


5 


339 


Thur. 


Marsha 


Ney shot, 1815. 




22 


24.5 


U 50 557 24 


4 18 


7 30 


4 12 




6 9 


6 3 


6 


340 


Frid. 


V. Knox died, 1821. 


22 


31.9 


11 51 20J7 24 


4 18 


7 31 


4 H 




7 1 


6 55 


7341 


Satur 


Rebels defeated at Toronto, 


22 


38.8 


11 51 4617 25 


4 18 7 33 


4 11 




7 55 


7 50 


8 


342 


Sun. 


Conception. 


[1837 


22 


45.2 


11 52 


2 


7 26 


4 18 


7 34 


4 H 




8 52 


8 47 


9 343 


Mond. 


Milton born, 1608. 


22 


51.2 


11 52 39 


7 28 


4 18 


7 35 


4 H 




9 50 


9 46 


10:344 


Tues. 


Wilna taken by Russia, 1312 


22 


56.8 


U 53 




i 


7 2y 


4 18 


7 35 


4 H 


10 49 


10 46 


11 


345 


Wed. 


]) First Quarter 30m. past 3 


23 


1.9 11 53 34 


7 30 


4 18 


7 36 


4 11 


11 48 


11 46 


12 346 


Thur. 


Dr. Darwin born, 1732. 


[P.M. 


23 


65 


11 54 


.1 

- 


7 30 


4 18 


7 3 


- 
i 


4 11 


Morn g. 


Morn gr. 


13347 


Fnd. 


Dr. Johnson died, 1784. 


23 


10.7 


11 54 3 1 


7 3H4 19 


7 38 


4 11 


48am 


47am 


14 348 


Satur. 


Washington died, 1709. 


23 


137 


11 54 597 32 


4 19 


7 39 


4 11 




1 50 


1 51 


15349 


Sun. 


2nd Sunday in Advent. 


23 


17.6 


11 55 2817 32 


4 19 


7 39 


4 H 


2 52 


2 54 


16 


350 


Mond. 


G. \Vhitfieldborn, 1714. 


23 


205 


11 55 57 


7 33 


4 19 


7 40 


4 12 


3 58 


4 1 


17351 


Tues. 


Bolivar 


died, 1-;J. 




23 


22.4 


11 56 27 


7 33 


4 19 


7 40 


4 12 


5 5 


5 10 


18 


352 


Wed. | Full 


Moon 4Gm. past 11 


23 


24.6 


11 56 56 


7 34 


4 19 


7 41 


4 12 


Rises. 


Rises. 


19353 


Thur. 


Battle of Niagara, 1813. 


(P.M. 23 


26.0 


11 57 26 


7 35 


4 19 


7 42 


4 12)5 3}pm 


5 25pm 


20354 


Prid. 


Gray born, 1716. 


23 


269 


11 57 56 


7 36 


4 20 


7 43 


4 13 6 35 


6 30 


21 


355 


Satur. 


Battle of Ferozspore, 1845. 


23 


27.3 


U 58 25 


736 


4 20 


7 43 


4 13 


7 47 


7 42 


22 


356 


Sun. 


3rd Sunday in Advent. 


23 


27.3 


11 58 55J7 37 


4 21 


7 44 


4 14 


8 59 


8 55 


23357 


Mond. 


Newton 


born, 1042. 




23 


26.8 


11 59 25 


7 37 


4 21 


7 44 


4 14 


10 12 


10 9 


24358 


Tues. 


Treaty of Ghent, 1814. 


23 


25.8 


11 59 557 38 


4 22 


7 45 


4 15 


11 21 


11 19 


25 351) 


Wed. 


d Last 


Quarter 7m. past 4 


23 


244 


12 00 25 7 38 


4 22|7 45 


4 15 IV 


lom s. 


V orn g. 


26360 


Thur, 


C J5(/i) Christmas. 


[P.M. 


23 


224 


12 00 55 7 39 4 23 


7 46 


4 16 


3lam 


30am 


27361 


Frid. 


Belgian 


indep. acK. 1830. 


23 


19.0 


12 1 25 7 39 


4 24 


7 46 


4 17 




1 37 


1 38 


28 362 


Satur. 


Buffalo 


burnt, 1813. 




23 


17.2 12 1 54J7 39 


4 25 


7 46 


4 18 


2 43 


2 46 


29 363 


Sun. 


1st Sunday after Christmas. 


23 


139 


12 2 24 


7 39 


4 26 


7 46 


4 19 


3 48 


3 51 


30 


364 


Mond. 


Marraontel died, 17D9. 


23 


10.1 


12 2 53 


7 39 


4 27 


7 46 4 20 


4 52 


4 56 


31,365 


Cues. 


Wickliffe died, 1387. 


$3 


05.9 12 3 22 


7 39 


4 27 


7 45 4 21 5 54 


5 59 


i r 


















_-j 



SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 



17 



The Royal 

VICTORIA (Aloiandrina,) b. May 24, 1819, 
succeeded to the throne June 2dth, 1837 ; married Feb. 
10th, 1S40, to Francis Albert, Duke of Saxe, Prince i 
of Cobourgand Gotha, b. Aug. - 2(>, 1SI9, Issue Princess ] 
Victoria Adelaiiie Mary Louisa, b. Nov. 21st 1840 ; j 
j Albert Edward, Prince of Wales, b. Nov, itth 1*11; 
| Princess Alice Maud Mary, b. April 25th, 18-13 ; and 
1 Alfred Ernest Albert. Duke of Kent, b. Aug. Oih, 1844 ; i 
Princess Helena Atmusta Victoria, b. May 85th,1846j 
Princess Louisa Carolina Allierta, b. March 18th, 1-1^. 
ADELAIDE, Queen Dowager,!). Aug. I3th, 11V-2 : 
married July lltli. It 18. to his late Majesty, King 
William IV. 

VICTORIA MARIA LOUISA, Duchess of Kent, b. Au. 
17(h, J786 -, married May 29th, 1818, to the late Edward 
Duke of Kent. Issue her present Majesty. 

HEIRS PRESUMPTIVE. 

1. Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, Kin" of 
Hanover, b.Sth June, 1771. Issue, 2, Prince George, 
b. 27th May, 1819. 

3. Adolphus Frederick, Duke of Cambridge, b. 24th 
Feb. 1774. Issue, 4, Prince George, b. 26th March, 
1819. 5, Princess Augusta, b. 19th July, 1822 6 
Princess Mary, b. Nov. 27, 1833. 

7, Princess Mary, Duchess Dowager of Gloucester, 
b. 2oth April, 1776 , sister to the late king. 
HER MAJESTY S MINISTERS. 
First Lord of the Treasury Lord John Russell. 
Chancellor of Exchequer Sir C. Wood, Bt. 
Lord Chancellor Lord Coitenharn. 
I/ord President of Privy Council Murquis of Lans-! 

riowne. 
Lord Privy Seal Earl of Minto. 



Family, Are. 

Home Secretary Sir George Grey, Bt. 

Foreign Secretary Viscount Palmerston. 

Colonial Secretary Earl Grey. 

First Lord of the Admiraliy Sir F. Raring. 

President of the Board of Control Sir J. C. Hobhouse 

Paymaster-General and Vice-President of Hoard or 

Trade Earl Grenville. 

Chancellor of Duchy of Lancaster Lord Campbell. 
First Commissioner of Land Revenue Earl ot Carlisle 
President of Hoard ot Trade Henry Lahouchcre. 
Postmaster-General Marquis of Clanricarde. 

The above compose the Cabinet. 

Commnnder-in-Chief Duke of Wellington 
Secretary at War Hon. Fox Maule. 
Lord Chamberlain Marquis of lireadalbane. 
Lord Steward Earl Fortescue. 
Masier of the Horse Duke of Norfolk. 
Master of the Buckhounds Karl of Besborough 
Masier of the Mint R. Lalor Shell. 
Master-General oflhe Ordnance Marquis of An^lesea 
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland Earl of Clarendon. 
Chief Secretary for Ireland Sir W. Somerville 
Attorney General of England-Sir John Jervis. 
Solicitor General of England Sir John Romilly. 
Lord Advocate of Scotland A. Ruiherford 
Solicitor General of Scotland Thomas Maitland 
Attorney General of Ireland J. 11. Monahan 
Solicitor General of Ireland John llatchel. 
COLONIAL SECRETARY S OFFICE. 

Under Secretaries Benjamin Hawes, H. Merivale. 

Chiel Clerk Peter Smith. 

Librarian and Keeper of Records George Mayer. 



OF CANADA. 



^ 

Canada, Nova Scot,, New Brui^ck, WffSSSfg ^c^dwa^^ $^% ^^ 
Major T. E. Campbell, Governor s f- ecretnrv Lieut Pnlrmp! <ho linn p Tt,,\ 

c 

" i Bpp,en. at theend o f the Atoal 



Tariffs of Customs. 

Subjoined is theTariffoftheProvinceof Canada, AlnhabeiinllvarnnaoH TI. O T -o- < , 
of British North A.neiica, are given in subsequent parts of "^ "nrV n?,ri M ff ? f tlle therProvinces 

Provinces. They will be found useful for co^par^" f,d L ard" W 
United States, reference may be made to Scobie 4- Jialfour s Canadian Almanac for 1840 Sh, ,i . a "o 6 

^s^ KiK^ssisasraa%^ 

3SjffSSS!iSS5sa?Sia^^?*: 
AKSLSSfSffiSK-iS^S^Sss^SjS 

not equal in quality to White Claved, 10s., and for MoHss^ o i ? y , f , yd -- Musco v ^, or any other, 
are also to be reduce.! anuuallv, on 5th July until fiS, JuJ M4 whPn ,i l h T -" c r , ates On Forei 8 Su ar 
those on Colonial Sugar. J> ffis * w *" ^ey become in all respects the same as 

Canada Tariff. 

Po^nd Ste^S 6 " CU " enCy 3t l ^ 4d l the P UIld SterIi "S i 64 ,o the Pound Currency, and 4.84 to the 



Agricultural Societies, Seeds, 
Farming Utensils and linple- | 
ments of Husbandry, import- ) 
ed h\, for the encouragement | 
of Agriculture j 

Alabaiter Husts and Casis, . . . . 

All Goods, Wares and A lercliari- ] 
dise, not otherwise ch;;nred 
with duty, and not declared I 
to be exempt from duty J 

American, British North Pro 
vinces, Free Trade with 
(see end of list) ..,,.. 

Anatomical preparations. 

Anchors, , 

Animals, all kinds, 

specially imported for } 



i Pro-? 

I ith 



the improvement 
Buwk. 



Free. 
Free. 



Free. 



Free. 



Ad valo. 




SpteUf. Advaiu n^. 


Free, 

Free. 
12 per ct. 

Free. 
24 per ct. 
20 per ct. 

Free. 


Antiquities, collections of. . . . 
Apparatus, philosophical 
Arms, for Army or Navy, or In 
dian Nations, 


| 
1 


Free 
Free 

Free 
Free 

Free 
Free 


Free. 
Free. 

Free. 
Free. 

Free. 

Free, 

24 per ct. 
2i per ct. 
2i per ct, 
2 j per ct. 
20 per ct. 
Prohibited 

"20 per rt 
20 [itr ct. 


Army, Arms, Clothing, Cattle, 
Provisions and Stores for. . . 
Arts, Models of Inventions and 
Improvements in the 
Ashes, Pot and Pearl 


Bar Iron, not hammered . 




Bars, Rail Road 






Bark, used solely in dyeing . 
Barley, 







" Meal 
Base or Counterfeit Coin 




Prohibited 

iS. f CWt. 


Bastard Sugar, and others not 


! 




" Meal 
L_l- 





1ft SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. [CANADA TARIFF, 




Specific. 


Ad valo m 




Specific. 


Ad valo m 


.... 




20 per ct, 
20 per ct, 
2$ per ct. 
24 per ct. 
2,| per ct. 

Free. 

Prohibitet 

Free. 
2.5 per ct. 
20 per ct. 
i3 per ct. 
2$ per ct. 

Free. 
2J per ct. 
20 per ct. 




Free. 
Free. 

Free. 


Free. 
Free. 

Free. 

2j per ct. 
20 por ct. 

30 per et. 

30 per ct. 

Free. 
25 per ct. 
12 per ct. 
2J per ct. 
Mi per ct. 
20 per ct. 
4 per ct. 
2j per ct. 
Free. 


" jvieal 










Farming utensils ami impie-), 
ments of Husbandry, and 
Seeds of all kinds, specially ] 
imported by any Society, tor I 
the encouragement of Agri re j 
Flax, undressed, 










Books, primed, (not foreign re- ? 
prints ol Bri. Copyright works) 5 
Bouks, of immoral or indecent ) 


Free 

Prohibitec 

Free 
1*. 9 gall. 


Flour 




Botany, specimens of. 


Free Trade with th? United], 
Kingdom, and the British Nh { 
American Provinces, (set I 
end of list,) ,. . J 








is. 9 gall 




Fruits 


British North American Pro-} 
vinces. Free Trade with > 
(see end of list).. . ~ ) 
Bronze Busts and Casts 


Free 


** Preserved in Sugar, Can- ) 




Gems or Medals, 
Geneva, Hyd. Pro,. 

(oods, unouumeratPd 


Free , 
2s. <P gall. 






Grease ajul Scraps,. ..... 




* Meal 




20 per ct. 




4s8d^cwt 




Free 


Free. 
Free. 

i per ct. 

Free, 

20 per ct. 
Free. 

2 per ct. 
1-2J per ct. 
Free. 

2.J per ct. 
1 per ct. 


Hams,. . , 




Free 


Hemp, undressed,. 








Hides ,. 




Busts of Marble, Bronze, Ala- ) 
baster, or Plaster of Paris,.. . > 


Free 


History, Natural, Specimens of. . 
Hoop Iron, not over 2 i-n broad 


Frse 


Hops, . , 




2.j per ct. 
20 per ct. 

Free. 
Free. 
Prohibited 

Free; 

Free, 

Free. 
Free. 
Free. 

2J per et. 
Free. 

Free. 
2i per ct. 
2 per et. 
2.J per et. 

2| per ct. 

2 per ct. 
2^ per ct. 
2| per ct. 
2j per ct. 
25 per ct. 
Free. 
!>! per ct. 
2^- per ct. 
30 per ct. 
Free. 
2$ per ct. 
lij per ct 
Free. 
Free. 
2J per et. 
Fros. 

30 per cJ. 


Cabinets of Coins, &c 
Cables, Chain | in. diain. and ) 


Free 


Horses of Travellers, except? 
those of Hawkers or Circuses J 
Husbandry, Seeds, utensils and ] 
implements of, specially im- ( 
ported by any Society for the 
encouragement of agriculture 
Immoral or indecent Books and ? 
Drawings ... ( 


Free 
Free 
Prohibited 

Free. .... 


15 lath, long ) 


14s.$>cwt. 
Free 


Carriages of Travellers, except ? 
of Hawkers or Circuses,. ... 5 






Casts of Marble, Bronsc, Ala- ? 
baster, or Plaster of Paris,. .. J 
Cattle, for Army or Navy, or ) 
Indian Nations, , . . . ) 
Chain Caliles, g in. diam. and ( 


Free 
Free 


Free. 
Free, 

2 per ct. 
2| per ct. 

Free. 

20 per ct, 
1-2.^ per ct. 
2.J per ct. 

Free. 

Free. 

2^ per ct. 
2| per ct. 
l 2g per ct. 
lai per ct. 
Prohibited 
Free. 
Free. 
Jj per ct. 
Free. 

Prohibited 
Free, 
free. 

J5 per ct. 
2| per ct. 


Immigrants, for actual settle- ) 
n*nt in the Province, their 
property, viz; wearing appa 
rel i<n actual use,, and other | 
personal effects, (not mer- 
chandize) horses and cattle, 
implements and tools of trade 
of handicraftsmen,. ...... 


Frpf> 






Charitable Societies, donations) 
of clothing for gratuitous dis- > 


Free 


Implements of husbandrv, im- ) 
ported by any Society, for the > 
; encouragement of agriculture ) 
Improvement of Stock, anio 
mals specially imported for > 
the ) 




Free 




l8.0d.9tt>. 


Cigars, 


Clothing, for Army or >avy f or ? 
f or Indian Nations,. . > 
* donations of, for gra- ? 
tuitous distribution,. . ) 




Free 
Free 


Free 
Free 


Indian (.""orn 
Indian Nations, Arms, Cloth- f 
ing, Cntile, Provisions and > 
Stores, imported for , . S 








Indigo ., 




IsSdPcwi 
Us. f cwt 
Prohibitec 
Free 
Free 


Instruments, Philosophical 
Inventions and improvements ^ 
in the arts, models of,. . . .5 


Frfe 
Free 






" Cabinets of, &c 
" and Bullion 
Coke 


Iron,. Bar and Rod, not ham- ? 


"" Hoop, not over 2 inch. ? 




Oollectio .ia of Antiquities 
Copy right works, foreign re- > 


Free 
Prohibited 
Free 
Free 
fc. 9 gall. 


hrond, j 

" Sheet, not thinner tlian { 






* Spike Rods, Tig, Scrap, ? 




Contractors, Stores for Arm/, ? 


Joiner s Tools, wood for r 












Lard 




" Indian, 


Fre 
Fri H .j. .. 


Free. 
Free. 
I2i per ct. 

Free. 

free. 
Prohibited 
!j per ct. 

2 per ct. 
Tree. 


jead, pig and Sheet 




Liqueurs and Cordials, 


3s. p gall. 
Free 
Us.P cwt. 




Us.* cwt, 
Free ~ 
Free. .... 


lithographs, 
Loaf Sugar, 


Donations of Clothing, for gra- 1 
tiiitous distribution, by Char- > 


Logs, Sa vv, . . 


Macaroni 






Machinery, Models of, 
Made or Refined Charcoal, .... 


Free 


* of immoral or mde* t 


Prohibited 


Manufactured Tobacco, 
Manures, all kinds,. ..... ^. . .. 

Maps. . 


Id.PIb... 
Free 




Dying Materials, viz: Bark} 
P, -rrfoe, Dru^, Nuts, Vegct- > 
a!,lc* and Wood s > 
Dying abroad, Inhabitants of) 
ttm Province, subjects of Her ! 
Majestv.their personal house- f 
bold effects, not merchandise/ 




Marble, in blocks, unpolished,.. . 




Free { 


" Busls and Casts, ....... 
Meal, of Barley, Buckwheat,] 
Bear and Bigg, Oats, Rve, { 
Beans ami Peas, & of Wheat [ 


Free 







CANADA TARIFF.] SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 19 




Specific 


Ad valo m 




Specific. 


Ad ralo m 


Meats, all kinds, except Mese7 




20 per ct. 

SO per ct. 
Free. 

Free. 
12 per ct 

Free. 
12| per ct 


Settlers arriving, tee Immi 
grants. 
Sheet Iron, not thinner than No. 1 




2j per ct. 

2J per ct. 
2 per ct. 
20 per ct. 
Free. 

Free. 

Free. 

Free. 
I2j [ierct. 

Free. 

X) per ct. 
2 per ct. 

25 per ct. 

I2| per ct. 
25 per cu 

25 per ct. 

2J per ct 
free. 

Free. 

12J per ct. 

I2JS per ct. 
!<> perct. 
4 per ct. 
2^ per ct. 

2A ner ct 


" Sweet, 




Medals or Gems, 
Menagerie, Hordes, Cattle, Car- 7 
riages, and Harness of, . ... 3 


Free 
Free 




" Lead 


Ships Water Casks, in use. . . . 








the Horses Cattle, 1 
Carriages, &.C, em 
ployed in carrying, 
except by Hawkers j 


Free 




Free 


Societies Agricultural, Seeds, ) 
Farming Utensils, and Imple 
ments of Husbandry, imported ,- 
by, for the encouragement of 
Agriculture j 


Free 

Free 
Free . .. . 








Societies Charitable, donations ) 
of clothing, to be distributed > 






2j per ct. 


Mineralogy, specimens of, 
Models of Machinery and other 1 
inventions & improvements > 
in the arts, J 


Free 
Free .... 


Free. 
Free. 
I2J per ct. 
Free. 

Free. 
Free. 

30 per ct. 
2 per ct. 
2^ per ct. 
2(1 per ct. 
2il per ct. 
2 per ct. 
1$ per ct. 
l- ree. 
2| per ct. 
Free. 


Soda . . ." 




4d. $ & 


3s. V cwt. 
Free .... 


Specimens of Natural History, | 
Mineralogy or Botany J 








Nations Indian, Arms, Cloth- ) 
ing, Cattle, Provisions, and > 
Stores, imported for, } 


Spike Rods 




Free 
Free 


Spirits, Cordials and Liqueurs,) 
sweetened or mixed, so as { 
strength cannot be ascertain- I 


3s. tfgall. 

3d. $ gall. 
!s3d gall. 

2s. f gall. 


Natural History, specimens of,.. . 
Navy, Arms, Clothing, Cattle, \ 
Provisions and Stores, for,.. . ) 
North American British Pro-) 
vinces, Free Trade with, > 


Spirits and Strong Waters, Hyd 
Proof, viz : 
Whiskey 




Rum 






Geneva, Brandy, and other) 
Spirits or Strong Waters, > 
except Rum and Whiskey. 3 
Steel 






Oau, . 




" Meal . . . 




Oil Cocoanut and Palm only,. . 




Stock, animals specially itn- ) 
ported for the improvement of 5 
Stores for Army or Navy, or? 


Free 
Free 

9s. $ cwt. 


Old Iron 




Ordnance Stores . 


Free 


Paintings, 
Palm Oil 


Free 


Sugar, Refined in loaves, or ? 


Pearl and Pot Ashes, 
Peas . . . . .... 


Free 


Free. 
M perct 
20 per ct. 

Free. 

2| per ct. 
2^ per ct. 

2j per ct. 


" Bnslard and other kinds*. . . 


" Meal 




Tallow 




Philosophical Instruments and ? 
apparatus, ) 


Free 


Tar and Pitch 




Tarred Rope, when imported 7 
by Shipbuilders for Rigging. 5 
Tea 




Pig iron 




id. $> a 


!2| perct. 
2,] perct. 
I2.i per ct. 
I2j per ct. 
l 2| jier ct. 
12 per ct. 

2| per ct. 
2.J per ct. 

Free. 

Free. 
2^ perct. 

2i per ct. 

I2| per ct. 
Jiper ct. , 
il per ct 

Frae. 


Pipe Clav 




I easles 








2 per ct. 
Free. 

2.J per ct. 
2ft per ct, 
I2.J per ct. 

free. 

Free, 

Free. 

2 per ct. 
1 2| per ct. 
2^ per ct. 


[ obacco, manufactured 
" unmanufactured 
" Cigars 


Id. P ft... 
id. Plb... 
ls.6d.Pfc. 


Plaster of Paris, Busts and ) 
Casts of, 5 


Free 


Plate. Boiler, 


" Snuff .. . 






"*ools, wood for Carpenters and ? 










Preparations, anatomical 
Printed Books, (not foreign re- 1 
prints of li.itish Copy right > 


Free 
Free 

Free 


Pow undressed 




">ade Free, with United King 
dom and the British North 
Am.Provinces.-Sc tnd of List. 
^ravellers, Horses and Carria-1 
ges of, except Hawkers or > 
Circuses. ...... ) 


Free 


Provinces, British North A me- ~) 
ricnn, Free Trade with, (see > 

end of list) ) 


Free . . 


Provisions for Army or Navy,) 
or Indian Nations, } 
Rail Road Bars, 


Trees 


"vpe Metal, in blocks or piw-j . 




Jnhammered, Bar and Rod ? 




Raw Coffee, 
Refined or made Charcoal,. . . . 


fc8d?ewt 


Iron ^ 
Jnited Kingdom, free trade with. 
See end of List. 
Unmanufactured Tobacco 
Unpolished lilock. Marble 


id. eft.... 




I4s.> cwu 


12.J per ct 
2 per ct. 




Rising of ships. Tarred Rope, } 
when imported for that pur- > 
pose, . , . S 










2.| per ct. 


L lensils Farming, imported l>y } 
any Society for the encour- > 
agement of Agriculture. . . . ) 
Vegetables used solely in dyeing. 
Vehicles of Travellers, except ? 
















Free 


Free. 
24 per ct. 


Rope, Tarred, when imported \ 
by Ship Builders for rigging, j 
Rum, Hyd. Pro , 




Free 


Free. 

iO per ct. 
VI per ct. 
. 2% per ct. 
2 per ct. 

Free. 
124 per ct 

25 per ct. 


IsSdtfgall 


J5 per ct. 
20 per ct. 
JO per ct. 
12 per ct 
ty per ct. 
4 per ct. 
*l per ct. 

r"ree. 


Hawkers or Circuses. . . . . ) 


Rye 






2 Meal, 




Wares uncnumerated 






Id.^bush. 


Water Cnsks of Ships, in use. 






Waters Strong. See Spirits. 
Wheat 

Whiskey, Hyd. proof 
Wine, in wood, value JC15 the 7 
pipe, of 120 gals, or under ) 


Free 
Id. V gall. 

id. f gall. 


-crap Iron 
Straps and Greae 





*eeds, imported hy *ny Society 1 
forttaecneouragcm t ofAgri e 5 


free 



20 



SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. [CANADA 



A T ino, in wood, value over 15 

the pipe 

in bottles or other vessels 
not made of wood .... 5 



Specific. \Ad vaio m 



IsOdfgall. 
4s. V gall. 



15 per ct. 
2.5 per ct 



Wood for Carpenters and Join 
ers Tools 

Woods used solely in dyeing.. . 

Wool 

" Cotton 



Specific. i Ad ralo m 



.iFree... 



,124 per ct. 

. ! per et. 
. - i perct. 
Free. 



j f e . -j[ hf following articles when imported directly into Canada from theUnited Kingdom, or from any British 

Vortli American Province, and being the growth, produce, or manufacture of the said United Kingdom, or of 
uch Province respectively, shall I* free from duty, except thatas regards any British North American Province, 
lie articles mentioned shall respectively he exempt from duty, so long only as similar articles, being the growth, 

roduce or manufacture of the Province of Canada, and exported from it directly to such other Province, shall 
i". there admitted free from duty, otherwise they shall be subject to the same duty as if imported from any other 
ou itrv. In New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, the above conditions have been complied with, and the reci 
procal a rrangement is therefore in force. The following are the articles, viz : 
Animals, beef, i" rk, biscuit, bread, butter, cocoa paste, corn or grain of all kinds ; flour ; fish, fresh or salted, 

riod or pickled ; fish oil ; furs or skins the produce offish or creatures living in the sea : gypsum, horns, 
ivt, [Kmltn-, I lsnts, shrubs and trees, potatoes and vegetables of all kinds, seeds of all kinds, skint-, pelts, 
urs or tails undressed ; wood, viz., boards, planks, staves, timber and firewood. 



UnitedCluircli of England 
and Ireland. 

DIOCESE OF QUEBEC. 

DISTRICT OF tjUKDKC. 

Lord Jhihop of Montreal and Arch 
dt.OA-.on of Quebec Right Rev. G- 
J. Mountain, I). I). Jii .-Ao/) * Offi 
cial and Evangelical Chaplain 
Rev. G. Mackie, D.D. Pri. See. 
Rev. A. W. Mountiin, A.B. 

Quebec Bishop of Montreal, Ree- 
tor; G. Cowell, A. M. Chaplain to 
the Forces; E. W. Sewell. Holy 
Trinity; G. Mackie, D. D. Cathe 
dral District; R. G. Pices, St. Pe 
ter s: J. B. F. Sinij-Kcin, St. Paul s; 
A. W. Mountain. Cur;:te : J. Tor- 
ranee, Point Levy * 

Valcttrlier, Lake. !-,caupurt, Slone- 
kcmi .. C. Par!;in. 

St. Sylvester and ."-i. (tiles W. King 

Leeds A. T. Whitten. 

Upper Ireland, Jnvarnesf, and part 
of Halifax S. 11. Simpson. 

Rioiere du LoupK. G. W. Ross. 

F.ast Framploti J. McKeown. 

/fV.-i Frnmpton J. Van Linge, B.D. 

PortreitfR. Lewis. 

Travelling -Missionary T. S. Chap 
man. 

DISTRICT OF THREE RIVERS. 

Three Rivers S. S. Wood, M. A. 

Rector. 
Riviere du Lnnp and Lake Matki- 

itnnye N. Gticrout. 
Nicolet H. Surges. 
JJrummojideille G.M.Ross, Rector. 

DISTRICT OF MONTREAL. 

Montreal J. Bethune, D. D. Rec 
tor; W.A. . \dainson, A.B.; U . T. 
Leach, D. C. L. St. George s : W. 
}t. Bond, Assistant Minister St. 
George s ; A. D. Campbell, Trill 
ity Chapel ; John Irwin, St.. Tho 
mas ; J. Ellegood. St. Annes : D. 
Robertson, Chaplain to the Garri 
son , Edward Rogers, Ciiapinin 
to the Military Prison, St. Helens 

Rax>dtni, Kildare and Jianitay C. 
Rollit. 

Mascouche and Kcw Glasgoic3. 
Flanagan. 

Upper and Lower Lo.chine J. Corn 
wall. 

Si. Martin 1 s and Isle Jesus T. A. 
You n?. 

St. Andrews Win. Abbott 

Gore Win. Me Master. 

(ircncille. on tke OttaKaG. Forfst 

1/vll, Ai/lmercnd flardley J. John 



CL. E R 



Y. 



ton. 



F. S. vo. 



Vaud.rev.il J. Pyke. 
olcauduLac J. S. Mountain. 
Huntingdon W. Morris. 
Ormstiitcn and Chateauguay W. 

lirethour, A. B. 
Laprairie, Lengueuil, ffC. R. 

Lonsdell. 
liamhtyJ. Rraithwaite, Rector ; 

J. P. White, Assistant. 
Lacolle C. ftlorice. 
Sherrington-~Yi. Hazard. 
fit. Jicmi E. G. Simon. 
Christie Manor M. Townscnd, 

Rector. 

St. Armand Wett R. Whitwell. 
St. Armnnd Kast J. Reid. 
StanbrUgt J. Jones. 
Farnhnm Win. Jones. 
Dunham J. Scott, M. A. Rector. 
Coldbrook Brume and, button 

Vacant. 

SJiefford\. Balfour. 
Graubyr,. Slack. 
Abbotsfurd T. Johnson; Assistant 

and Missionary at Rougemont, F. 

Robinson. 

Sorel W. Anderson, Rector. 
SI. JohnC. Bancroft, M. A., Rector 
L Acadie W. Merrick, A. H. 
Criftieville C.L.F. Ilaensel. 
Sabrcvnis D. Gavin. 
Russelltown J. Fulton. 

DISTRICT OF ST. FRANCH. 

King fly Vacant. 

Shiplon D. Falioon. 

Lennoxeillc L. Doolittle and J 

Nicol. 
Seerbroohe J. HellmuthjT.Machin 

Officiating Minister. 
Eaton J. Taylor and J. Dalziel. 
Robinsen J. Kemp. 
C imptonC. P. Reid. 
Hatlty C. Jackson; Assistant Mi 

nister, II. Burrage. 

DISTRICT OF OASPE. 

Gnspe HayW. Arnold. 
Cape Cove, Perce and Mai Bay R 
Short. 

.Yr ir Car/isle, Bay Chalevrs. Paspe- 
biar., Hope Tmcn, and Port Daniei 
G. Milne, M. A. 

DIOCESE OF TORONTO. 
Lord Jiisltop of Toronto The Elon 
and Eijtit Rov. John Strachan, D 
D., LL.l). Jrchde.aron of King 
ston Venerable George O Kil 
Stuart, LL. D. Archdeacon of 
York Venerable A. N. Rethune 
D.f). Examining ar.d Domestic 
Chaplain and Secretary to t/it 
Lord Bishop The Rev. If. J 
Grisett. M. A. 



HOME DISTRICT. 



City / Toronto H. J. Granett, M.A. I 
Rector and Officiating Chaplain 
to the Forces ; R. Mitchell, A. B. | 
Assistant Minister of St. James : 
J.G.I). Mackenzie. Minister of St. 
Paul s Church; W. Honey wood 
Ripley, B. A., Minister of Trinity 
Church; Stephen Lett. LL.l)., 
Minister of St. George s Church; 
Henry Scadding, M. A.. Minister 
of Ctinrcli of the Holy Trinity, arid 
Chaplain to the Lord Bishop: VV. 
Stennetl, M. A. Assistant Minis 
ter of the Church oi the Holy Tri 
nity; John McCaul. LL.l)., Vice 
President, of Kind s College; J. 
Heaven, D.I)., Professor of Divini 
ty, King s College; George May- 
nard. Mathematical Master, Up 
per Canada College. V. P. Mey- 
erhoffer, M.A.. Superannuated. 

Elobicoke H. C. Cooper, B. A., 
Rector. 

Toronto ToicnshipJ. Magrath, M. 
A., Rector. 

York Mills Alex. Sanson, Rector. 

Streetsrille Robt. J. Macaeorce. 

ThornhillD. E. Blake. ATli. Rector 

Markham and Vanghan G. S. J. 
Hill, Rector. 

Newmarket S. F. Ramsey, M. A. 

Georyina J. Gibson. 

Hrock K. Garrett. 

Whilby John Pentiand, B. A. 

Scarboro Win. Stewart Darling. 

Lloydtown Henry Bath Osier. 

Ckinguucousy A. Dixon, B. A. 

SIMCOK DISTRICT. 

Barne and Shanty Bay-^S. B. Ar- 
dagli, A.M. Rector. 

Tecumseth and Weal GwHlimburv 
F. L. Osier, M. A. ; Arthur Hill, 
B.A., Assistant. 

Orillia Geo. Bourne. 

Penetanguishene G. Halletl, B. A. 

Travelling Missionary J. Fletch 
er, A. B. 

GORE DISTRICT. 

fff/miltnnJ. G. Geddes, Rector; T. 
W. Marsh, 1!. A. Assist. Minister. 

Saltflect and Binbrooki. L. Alex 
ander. 

Ancaater and Dundns W. Me Mur 
ray, A.M. Rector; H. B. Jeesop, 
B. A., Assistant. 

flrantfordJ.C. Usher, Rector. 

Wellington Square T. Greene, A. 
B., Rector. 

Gait M. Boomer, A. B. 

Paris Charles Ruttan. 

Oakrillt Alexander Pync. A. B. 



SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 



21 



ffaaafaiceya George Graham ; K. 
V. Merritt, B. A., Travelling Alis- 
Hionary. 

Missionaries to the Six Nations In- 
diausonthe Grand River Abra 
ham .N files, Adam Elliott, and 
John Kennedy. 

WELLINGTON DISTRICT. 

Guelph A. Palmer, A. B., Rector ; 

K. M. Stewart, M. A., Assistant 

Minister. 

Elura J. W. Marsh, H. A. 
Travelling Missionary L). Fraser. 

MAUAKA DISTRICT. 

ffiag-araT. Creen, Rector, Officiat 
ing Chaplain to the Forces ; Ed 
mund Baldwin, B. A., Assistant 
Minister 

Qrintsby F. J. Lundy.D.C.L.Rector 

Chippeua, Stamford, Queenst in and 
l)rummondi:iile W. Leeming, 
Rector; C. L. Inales, B.A. Assist. 

Thar old T. B. Fuller, Rector. 

Fort Krie Elliott Grasett, Al. A. 

St. Catharines A. F. Atkinson, 
Rector, R. Shauklin, Assistant. 

Louth G. M. Armstrong. Rector. 

Port Maitland and JJuneiUe Adam 
Townley. 

Settlements on Grand River B.Cud- 
niore Hill, M.A. 

Travelling Missionary-VV.C. Clarke 

TALBOT DISTRICT. 

Simcoe Francis Evans, Rector; 

George Salmon, Superannuated. 
Travelling Missionary E. R. Stin- 

sou. 

LONDON DISTRICT. 

Londan 15. Cronyn, 15. A., Rector, 
Officiating Chaplain to the Forces. 

London Tuicuskip C. C. Brough, A. 
B., Rector, 

St. Thomas M. Burnham. B. A., 
Rector. 

Adelaide A. Mortimer, Rector. 

CarradocR. Flood, M.A., Rector. 

Part Burieeil T. Bolton Reid. 

Ti/rconnell, 6,-c. .lames Stewart. 

Mala/tide C. Brown. 

Missionary to Muneey Town In 
dians (i. C. Barrett, A. B. 

BROCK DISTRICT. 

irondstack Wm, neitridge, B. T)., 
Rector; J. B. Worrell, Assistant 
Minister. 

Rurfurd\. St. G. Caulfield, A. B. 

Offurd Henry Revell, A.B. 

ZurraV. 1). Fauquier. 

I CRON DISTRICT. 

Goilerich E. L. Elwood, M. A. 
Slralford John Hickie. 

WESTERN DISTRICT. 

Sandwich \Vin. Richie, Rector. 

Ankersthur<r/i F. Mack, Rector 
and Offic. Chaplain to tlie Forces. 

Cutrhe.-iter F. Gore Elliott. 

Chatham F. \V. Sandys, Rector. 

Warwick J. Mockridge, Rector. 

Walfole Island Andrew Jumieson. 

Dawn, fyc. John Gunne. 
! Meraea R. C. Boyer, B. A. 
i PlymptuuJ.G.R.. Halter, B.A. 

JJEVVCASTLK DISTRICT. 

| Cobourn A. N. Bethune, L). I). .Rec 
tor and Chaplain to the Lord Bi 
shop-. F,. Patterson, Assistant. 
Port Hope. Jonathan Shorn. Rector 
Caoan Samuel Armour, Rector. 
Clarke and DarlinftonT. S. Ken 
nedy, Rector. 

Crafton and Gilborne John Wilson 
Pert Trent Wm. Bleasdell, A.M. 
E. C. Bower. 



COLBORXE DISTRICT. 

Pettrbor*- R. J. C. Taylor, M. A. 

Rector. 

j Emily Robert Harding. 
I t entlon 



VICTORIA DISTRICT. 

Belleville John Giier, M. A. 

D. Murphy, Travelling Missionary. 

PRINCE LDVVARD DISTRICT. 

Picton Win. Macaulay, Rk ctor. 
Murray John Alclimre. 
MorytbuTg J. R. Tooke. 
R. G. Cox, Travelling Missionary. 

MIDLAND D1SRICT. 

Kingston George O Kill Slewart, 
JJ. D., Hector; W. M. Hardliner, 
M. A., Assistant Minister, and 
Chaplain to the Lord Bishop; R. 
V. Rogers, Minister of t?t. James 
Church, and Chaplain to the Pro 
vincial Penitentiary ; T. II. M. 
Bartlett, M. A., Officiating Cnap 
lain to the Forces; W. Greii. , Mi 
nister of rit. Paul s Church; Henry 
St. Mark s 



Wednesday in January, April, 
July and October. 

AWsort William Kins. 

Mount Pleasant John Bryning. 

CWiitoM George Hcdnicliey. 

Godvric/i Aleiamier McKiil. 

Dundas i- Ati>:,n,lt-r.\. Bell, P. C. 

ferftu--Uufh Mair, j 

Gutlph Colin (;,> 

Utralfard and J\ r . Easlh 
Bell, A. M. 

Simc.ic (Jt-onrc Hell, A. B. 

GultJ. Malcolm Smith, A. M. 

Vacant Charges Hamilton, Nia 
gara, Woodstock and Norwich, 
London and Westminster, Wool 
wich, Sarnia, Amhersthurnh, Aki- 
boro, Yarmouth, Onondaga. 



I). 

c William 



Brenr, Minister of 

Church, Barriefield. 
Wolfe Island J. Antisell Allen. 
Bat/i W. F. ti. Harper, Rector. 
Adolpti.ustuwn3o\j Deacon, Rector. 
Mohawk and .Ir a/ja/ztc Sallern Giv- 

ins, Rector ; W. B. Lauder, As- 

si stain. 

Amkerst Island Jn. Rothn t-Il, A.B. 
Camden, Jjou^hb 

Paul Shirley. 
T. W. Allen, Travelling Missionary. 

JOWSSTOWX DISTRICT. 

Brockville E. Denroche, M. A. 
Lamb s Pond VV. IJ. Gunning, A. 

B., Rector. 

Prescott, Robert Blakcy, Rector. 
ffempiville H. McAlpin, Rector. 
Travelling Missionary. N. Walking. 

BVTHl RST DISTRICT. 

Perth M. Harris, M. A., Rector. 
Cnrltaa Place J.A. Mulock, Rector 
Fran kt oic ii J. W. i adfield, Rector. 
Pakenliamand Fit-.rny H. Mnlkins 
Jdtrrickville Ebenezer Morris. 

DALIIOnSIE DISTRICT. 

Rt/lotcnS. S. Strong, Rector. 
Richmond John Flood, Rector. 
March Matthew Ker. 

EASTERN DISTRICT. 

Cormi-all Henry Pattern, Rector. 
Witliaimburgk E. J. Boswell, Rec 
tor. 

Osnabruck Romaine Rolph. 
H. E. Plee-s Travelling Missionary. 

OTTAWA DISTRICT. 

Missionary F. Tremayne. 

Manitnti/in Island F. A. O Mearn, 
LL.lJ. : ( . A. Anderson, Missii;i,- 
ary to the Indians at Sault Ste. 
Marie. 

Prcsby tcriu.il < liurclx of 



OF BATHURST, 

-Meets at Perth on the second Wed- 
nesJay in Jniiuary, May and be,"- 
tember. 

lle.rk w-;(/i John Pmith, 

t ertfi, ]st Ctnirf/i -V. Bell, A. iW. 

South Gutter Joseph Anderson. 

f a/;e.nhum\\< -. uiin, A. M. 



Richmond Da \ id Evans. 

Lanark Thomas Fraser. 

Perth, St. And cui\V. Uain, A.M. % 
Presbytery Clerk. 

RemtayJotin McMorinc. 

Dalhuusie John ]J<j!>h. 

Bytuim Ale\ under Spence. 

Bruckrille. I i,. :m i< Haig. 

and Portland Vacniit Charges. Smiih s Falls, 
Buckingham ami Cumberland, 
Newburgh und Bedford, Kitley. 

PRESBVTERY OF KINGSTON, 

Meets at Kingston on the first Wed 
nesday of every .Month. 
Kingston l(A\n Airiclmr, D. D. 
Xi >;/;nmr Rn! crl Meill. 
Qcc-// . Cuih < AV. /w-.-ion James 

Williamson, A. M. 
Qc<;n s Gilleg-f. Kingston George 

Romanes, A. N. 
Camden~ \ hoir\ss Scott. 
Vacant Charges Belleville, Otatia- 

l;ee, Dummer, Asphodel, Percy, 

Belmont. 
Arci ilinld Colqulmun, Ordained 

Missionary. 
John 1 .. Mowot, A M., P. C. 

rilKSBYTERY OF TORONTO, 

Meets on the third Tuesday of Feb 
ruary, .May, Aij jn>t and Nov. 
Pickeri.,iff\ . Me N:uihton, A. M. 



IN CONNECTION WITH THE CHL RCII j 
OK SCOTLAND. 

Synorl meets in St. Andrew s Church, ; 

Toronto, on the first Wednesday i 
in July, IWH). 

Rev. James C. Muir, Georgetown, 

Moderator. 
Rev. Andrew Bell, Dundas, Kynod 

Clerk. 

I RKSBYTERY OF HAMILTON. 

Meets at Hamilton on the second 



Etguenngfeter Ferguson. 

Srarburo James George. 

King John Tawse, \. M. 

CMitguarmty J homas Johnson. 

Ma >i<> Alexander Lewis. 

f.lilon John MoMurchy 

Toronto John Barclay^ A.M., P.O. 

West fjii:i/!im/>uru.\}ex. Ross. 

C urk and Hnpc Samuel Poner. 

Hornby - William Barr. 

Scott and Ui rid>rc Wm. Brown. 

Markham James ritu.irt. 

Vacant Charces Vanghan. Par- 

linijton, Newmarket, Whitt y. 

Brock and Reach, Caledon, J ho- 

ra, Nottawasaga anil tfunnidale. 

Mara. 

I RESBYTERY Of MONTREAL, 

Meet8 at Montreal on the first Wed 
nesday of February May, August 
and November. 

Montreal, ,S f. Andrew s Alexander 
Mathieson, D. I). 

J)imdee Duncan Moody. 

Gt(Aam \V illinm Mair. 

Ormitawn James Anderson. 



22 



SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 







, 



Quebec, HL Andrew s J.Cook, D.D. 

Georgetown James C. Muir. 

Lac/tine William Simpson. 

Valc.artier David Shanks. 

SetumingfordJobn Marl in. 

Montreal F. Clmrch E. Lapelletrie. 

Laprarie .lohri Davidson. 

T/irec Hirers James Tlioin, 

Huntingdon A.Wallace, A.B., P.O. 

Montreal, St. Pauls R. McGill. 

Vacant Charges Montreal, St. Ga 
briel Street, Beech Ridge, Framp- 
ton. Metis, Melbourne, Bcanhar- 
nois, New Carlisle and New Rich 
mond Gaspe. 

Robert McFarlane, Ordained Mis 
sionary. 

James T. Paul Missionary. 

PRESBYTERY OF OLENaARY, 

Meets on the third Wednesday ol 

January, May and September. 
Wiltiamttovnti. McKenzie, A. M. 
Cornwall Hugh Urquhart, A.M. 
Oanabruck Isaac Purkis. 
WiUiamsburgkio\\t\ Dickey. 
Martinlown John McLaurin. 
Lancaster T.McPherson.A.M.P.C. 
Dalhousie Mills mid Cote St. George 

iEneas McLean 
Vacant Charges Lochiel, L Orig- 

tial, Finch, Coteaudu Lac, Indian 

Lands. 
Donald Mnnro. Missionary. 

Presbyterian Church, of 
Canada. 

The Synod meets at Toronto, on the 
5th June, lb 5l). 

Rev. Michael Willis, D. D., Mode 
rator. Rev. Prof. Rintoul, Knox s 
College, Clerk to Synod. 

PRESBYTERY OF TORONTO. 

Toronto Kno.v s Churcli, Robert 
Burns D. D. 

Caltdon and Erin Duncan McMil 
lan. 

fforval 4- Esqvesing P. Gray, P. C. 

Mark ham James Boyd. 

York Mills tind Scarboro Thomas 
Wfghtman. 

Chinguacousy A. T. Holmes. 

Vacant Charges Sireetsville, VatiK- 
liari and King, West Gwillitnbury, 
Thonih and Eldon, Oro, Medonte, 
&c., Notawfliaga, Mono and Kssa, 
Acton and Nar-sagaweya, Hnmlier 
and Weston, Oakville and Trafal 
gar, lirock and Reach. 

Ministers without Pastoral Charge 
Jns. Harris. Michael Willis, D. D., 
William Rintoul, Henry Lesson, 
Alexander Gale, William Lyall. 

PRESBYTERY OF MONTREAL. 

Indian Lands Daniel Clark. 

Ste.. Thtrtse David Hlack. 

La Chute Thomas Henry. 

Ht. Gabriel Street, Montreal Win. 
Leishman, Presbytery Clerk. 

English River James Fettes, Or- 
rJainerl Missionary. 

Vacant Charlies St. Johns Quebec, 
Portnenf, St. Euslacht , Beach- 
ridge, Vankleek Hill, Cote Street 
Montreal, Cornwall and Martin- 
town, English River, N. George 
town, Lochiel, Melbourne, Henry- 
ville, &c. 

PRESBYTERY Or LONDON. 

Pert Sarnin Win. Macalister. 
Znrra Donald McKenzie. 
Ifortli East Hope Daniel Allan. 
Turkersmith William Graham. 
jlmherslburgh Robert Peden. 
F.fkfrid A- Mnsa W. R. Sutherland. 



Chatham Angus McColl 
Ingersoll Robert Wallace. 
Williams L. McPherson. 
ffoodsfodi-William S. Ball. 
Vacant Charges Stratford, London, 

Aldboro , Fingal, St. Andrews, 

St. Thomas, Howard. 

PRESBYTERY OF HAMILTON. 

Grimsby Daniel Eastman. 

Caledonia Andrew Ferrier, D.D. 

Hamilton Ralph Rohh. 

Snlljleet <$ Bitibrook Geo. Cheyne. 

Ayr Robert Lindsay. 

Dundas and Jncaster M Y. Stark, 

Presbytery Clerk. 
Gnlt John Oayne. 
Fergus George Sinellie. 
Puslinch William Meldrum. 
Wellington Square Alex. McLean. 
Guelph John G. McGregor. 
Sydenham John McKinnon. 



TORONTO PREdBYTERT. 

Port Hope and Perrytown J.Cassie 

Newton Win. Onniston. 

Clarke, 4(A Con. A cwctutle George 
Lawrence 

IVhilby Robert Thornton. 

Pickering A. W. Waddell. 

Tirronto City John Jennings. 

Richmond Hill and Tltornkili Jaa. 
Dick, Presbytery Clerk. 

Toronto Township and Brampton 
James 1 ringle. 

dangwtCiMMj (f Caledon D.C outts. 

West GtciUimbvry, Tecnrnsetk and 
Essa Win. Fraser. 

Vausfhan anil Albion -John Duff. 

Vacant Congregations King, Cale 
don, Innistil, Kinily, Ops, Man- 
vers, Lindsay, Darlington and 
liowmanville. 

HAMILTON PRESBYTERY. 

Hamilton James R. Dalrymple. 
St. Catharines Alex. Henderson. 



Niagara Joseph Harris. 

Vacant Charges Woolwich, Dunn- 

ville and Wellandport, Ffamboro i C/tippetca Win. Chri.s ie. 

West, VValpole, Thorold, &c. I J]rnnlfordMex. Drurnmond. 

PRIiSBYTERY OF COBOURG. 

Catan [ Sonth] James Douglass. 

Peterboro and Cavan J. M. Roger, 
Presbytery Clerk. 

Vacant Charges Cobour?, Oton.i- 
bee f Grafton and Colborue, Dar 
lington, Baltimore. 



PRESBYTERY OF KINGSTON. 

Demorestville James Rogers*. 
Gnnanoque -Henry Gordon. 
Kingston Robert Reid. 
Jlellevil/e \Vi\\in\n Greg?, P. C. 
Kingston Robert F. Burns. 
Pictoii William Reid. 



PRESBYTERY OF BROCKVILLE. 

Prescott Roliert Boyd. 

Brnckvitlc John McMnrray. 

Spenr-eroitle James Geggie, P. C. 

iicmtli eoicer-W. J. McDowell. Stanley-John Logic. 

Vacant Charp-BellamYville, Bur- " Vacan -( Congregations - Chatham, 

rtfi a KnninB AlMrrirkvi IP. \ nuwp. ,,,.,. ,, 



Paris David Caw. 
AyrA\ex r. Ritchie. 
Hcverlcy John Porteous. 
Hi. George Jas. Roy, Presb. Clerk. 
West I tamboro Tlios. Christie. 
.Ksijii tiiiig ii eoige Fisher. 
Guelph Robert 1 orrance. 
Kramosa Win. Barrie. 
Vacant Congregations Nicho!, Mt. 
Pleasant, Stanford, Dundas. 

LONDON PRESBYTERY. 

London ff ffestminsttr W. Proud- 
foot, Prehytery Clerk. 

London Township J. Skinner. 

St. Mary s ^ Duicnie J.ProudfoOt. 

Detroit John McLellnn. 

lllenheim George Murray. 

Goderir.h Charles Fletcher. 

Me K Map and Tuckersmilh Ale.X. 
McKenzie. 



ritt s Rapid*, Merrickville, Yonge, 
North Govver. 

Minister without Pastoral Charge. 
William Smart. 

PRESBYTERY OF PERTH. 

Perth James Duncan. 

Dnlhirusic and Skerbreoki Jame? 
Finlay. 

jRamsny William G. Johnstone. 

McNab and Hortnn^i. C. Fraspr. 

Osyonde and Gloucester William 
Loehead. 

Ki/toicu Thomas Wardrope, P. C. 

Bristol, C/nrcndon and Litchjield 
Andrew Melville. 

H a.krjitldJn\\n Corbett. 

Vacant Charges Keck with. Middle- 
ton. Pembroke, Goulbourne. 

United Presby aii Cliurcli 
in Canada. 

The Synod meets at Toronto on the 

5th June, 1?">0. 

Rev. David Caw, Paris, Moderator. 
Rev. Wra. Proudfjot. London, and 
Rev. Win. Fraser, West Gwillim-: 
bury. Synod Clerks. 

MONTREAL PRESBYTERY. 

Montreal Wm. Taylor. 

fteio Glasgow Alex. Lowden, Pres 
bytery Clerk. 

Smith s Falls Wm. Aitken. 

Madrid John Morrison. 

Huntingdon and St. Michael i A. 
Muir. 

Torbotton A. Henderson. 



Tilbury, Adelaide, Warwick, 
Woodstock, Sonth wold. 
Ministers and Preachers without 
Charges Andrew Kennedy Wal 
ter Scolt, John Ewing, R. Rogers, J 

Itonian Catholic Church, j 
Upper Canada. 

RURAL DEANS AND VICARS FORAN. 

Hume and Simcof, Districts | 

Gore, Niagara and Talbot Districts I 

Edward Gordon. 
Western District, and for those 

speaking tYench P. Point. 
Londunand Brock Districts . . . . 
Wellington (f Hvrnu Districts, and 

for the Germans L. Caveing. 
Missions on the Borders of Lake Su- \ 

ptriur and the Huron, and fur the 

Indians P. Chone. 
Toronto City Very Rev. John Car 
roll, Administrator of the Diocese; 

JohnCollin; P. Harkin. 
Gore and Township of Toronto, Eto- 

biciike, Caledon, Albion Eugene 

O Reilly. 
Thiirnhilt, Marlthem, Vaugfian, 

Tietcmarkcl and Georgina3ohn 

O Beirne. 
ft hitby, Pickering-, Brock, fyc. J. 

li. Proud. 
Adja/a, Tetumsith, Monef. Rat- 

liian. 
Penetanffuishene, Barrie, Medonte, 

Orillin, SnnnidaleA. C harest. 
Hamilton. Wellington Square, Water- 

down, fyc. E. Gordon, R.D. 



Vacant Cong. I.aChute. Fakenham J Guelph, Arthur, fficHnlB. Sander). 



SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 



23 



Srantford, Dumfries, Orford . W. 

and North Jsii.es Quinlan. 
Waterloo, Peel, -c-L. Caveing, R.D. 
Wilmut, Wellesley, tfC Jos. Sadler. 
Niagara, Stamford, HfC.J. Carroll. 
St. Catherines, Thorold, ty-c VV. I . 

MeDonfwh. 

Indiana, Wal.pole and Townships to 

the North uf the Grand River 

M. R. Mills. 
London, Adelaide., Eiddulph, St. 

Thomas, Yarmouth -T. Kirvvan. 
Goderich, McKitlop, Stratford P. 

Sehnider. 

Sandicich and surrounding Town- 
skips P. Point, R. L) ., J. Griinot. 
Jmherstburgh. <S-c L. Maurice. 
Chatham, Maidstone, Rochester, ttc. 

J. J. .(affray. 
Tilbury, Vast and West Raleigh, (ft. 

Joseph M. Billon. 
Walpole Islands, fiarnia, Moore, ffC. 

D. Diiranzuet, C. Fremiot. 
Manitouline Islands, and borders of 

Lake Huron N. Point, J.Han ipaux 
St. Mary of St. Mary s Falls, and 

borders of Lake Superior J. B. 

Menet, A. Kohler. 
Piycon River P. Chone. 
Inifersolt, Deerham, Beechrille, 

Woodstock, Norwich P. O Lhvyer 
l)undasJ. O Reilly. 

Wesl ii Methodist Cliurcn 
of Canada. 

Conference meets at Brockville on 
the first Wednesday in June. 

Matthew Richoy, D.D., President ofl 
the Conference. Conrad Vandusen, 
Secretary. Knoch Wood, Super 
intendent of Missions. 

TORONTO DISTRICT. 

Toronto City EastJo\\\\ Ryerson, 
Chairman ; Samuel Nelles, A. 13. ; 
Ansori Green. Ceorge R. Sander- 
sou, K<_ erton Ryerson, D.D. 

Toronto City West William Squire, 
George II. Davis. 

Yonge Street Lewis Warner, Jas. 
iluu bes. 

Humber John Law, Jas. C. Slater, 
John Culham. 

Cookscille David Wright, James 
Wilson. 

Brampton Peter Kcr, David Clap- 

pison. 

Ofhaica William Philp, William 
S. Blackstock. 

Sfeicmarkct and Snake, Island Wil 
liam Young, Alexander Campliell. 

Marhham Joseph Messtnore, James 
Gooderham, David Youmans. 

Bradford Cornelius Flutnmerfelt, 
John Webster. 

Mona John Goodfellow. 

Carrie Luther O. Rice. 

Rama and Orilti/i Horace Dean. 

Brock- William Steer. 

Eramnsa John Sanderson. 

Beausoliel and French River Wil 
liam Herkimer. 

Oven s Sound David Sawyer, John 
Neelands. 

Sydenham William Dipnam. 

Vacant Charges Xotawasaga, St. 
Vincent. 

LONDON DISTRICT. 

London John Carroll, Chairman ; 

Alexander S. Byrne. 
London. Circuit Richard Phclps, 

Edward White, Edmund Stoney. 
Devonshire Charles Silvester. 
tllanthard Thomas Williams. 
Gederich Joljri Williams, J. Laird. 
Sau^eengrJohr, K. Williston. 
Adelaide Ozias Barber, Joseph Hill. 



Sarnia Thomas Fawcet, Js. Gray. 
WariLiaillt Edward Sallow*. 
Chatham Samuel Fear. 
Gosjield Edwin Clement. 
Amherstburg It Richard Whiting. 
Maucey Samuel D. Rice. Abraham 

Sickles. 
St. Thomas Wm. Pollard, Thomas 

Harmon. 

BRANTFORD DISTRICT. 

Brantfurd Claudius Byrne, Wel 
lington Jeffers. 

Malahide Samuel C. Philp, Joen 
English. 

Woodstock Kennedy Creighton. 

Ingersoli. Joseph Slieply. 

Norwich Robert Corson. 

Simcoe and Neic Credit William 
Ryerson, Chairman ; F. Chapman. 

Waisingham Geo. Kennedy, Mat 
thias Holthy. 

errand River Rowley Heyland. 

Cayun-a Solsmoii Waldron. 

Dumfries Matthew Whiting, Char 
les W. M. Gilbert. 

Guelpkjtwea Spencer, Charles Fish. 

Stratford lames Hutchinson. 

Peel Robert Lochhead, E. Adams. 

HAMILTON DISTRICT. 

Hamilton Hen ry Wilklneon, CtlJU r- 
iiian ; George Young, D. C. Van 
JJosrflan, A-M., S. Belton, Andrew 
Primlel. 

ninidas Samuel Rose, Alexander 
T. Green. 

Nr.lsmt Thomas Cosford, Thomas 
JelFers, George Ferguson. 

Georgetown William Willoughby. 

Grim..tb>f Hamilton Biii^ar. 

St. Catherines William Price, Wil 
liam Ames. 

Drvmmondville and Niagara Edwy 
M. Ryerson, John Hunt. 

Cltippaica Reuben E. Tupper, Geo. 
Case, 

Seneca John Baxter, William S. 
Griffin. 

COIiOUHO DISTRICT. 

Coliourg Jotm Bretiin, Alexander 
McNab, D.I)., Conrad Vanduseu, 
John lieatty. 

Peterborough Isaac B. Howard. 
Port Hope George Goodt-on. 
Bowmanoille Michael Fawcett, A> 

I otts. 
I Millbrook Charles Turver. 

I Schoogog . 

| MdervilleWm. Case, Chairman ; 

iSte[)bCn Itrownell. 

I Rice and Mud Lake Robert Brook- 
ins, John Sunday. 
Calliorne Silvester Ilurlburt, Nelson 

Brown. 
Norwood William Morton. 

HEI.LEVILLE DISTRICT. 

! fiellevMe Jolin Gemley. 

| Consecon Richard Jones, Chair- 

man ; William H. Poole. 
Sidney John Black, Robert Robin 
son. 

Marmora Abraham Dayman. 
Hang erf ord Joseph Reynolds. 
S/iaitnriHcille Daniel Wright. 
Demoreittillf George Carr. 
i HttUoucllWm. McCullough, Wm. 
Coleman, Daniel McMullen, Gil 
bert Miller. 
XapaMe Win. McFadden, Isaac 

B. Aylsworth. 
Sheffield John A. Williams. 

\Brighton (Jeorge F. Playter, John 

C. Osborne. 

KINGSTON DISTRICT. 

Kingston East John Doure Chair 
man : James Booth. 



Kingston West Ephraim B. Harper 

Hew.y Byere. 
Wilton Geo. Ceynon, Charles Tag- 

gart 

Waterloo Cyrus R. Allison. 
Gananoque David B. Madden. 
Kliiabethtou>nSosc\il\ W. McCol- 

luio, Tlios. W. Constable, Wyatt, 

Chamberlain. 

Newborougli Vincent B. Howard. 
Bath and Jmherst ]slcS. Miles, 

James Armstrong. 
Perth. J. Scott, Alvah Adams. 
Sherbreoke Michael Baiter. 

BROCKVILLE BISTRICT. 

Rroctcuillf Noble F. Bnglish. 

Prescolt and Agufta Simon Hun 
tingdon, Henry Budee. E. Healy. 

Matilda James Mtisgrove, William 
Chapman. Josepti Sawyer 

Smith s Felts John Lever. William 
Brown. 

Cornwall W. H. Williams, Lewis 
Morton. 

Kemptville Asahel Hurlburt. 

MerrickvilleT. Bevitt, Chairman. 

Carlton if Packinrrln,mP>. Nanfce- 
vill, Thomas Hanna. 

Winchester- William McGill. 

BYTOWN DISTRICT. 

Bj/toien E. Shepherd, Chairman ; 

David McDowell. 
Westmeuth John Howes. 
Sonchere Richard Wilson. 
Torbolton Jonathan Loverin. 
Aylmer James Elliott. 
Gattiiic/in Erastus Hurlburt. 
Ruckingluim John Armstrong. 
St. Andrews Francis Coleman, J. 

Armstrong, 2nd. 
L Original James Greener, Noble 

Armstrong, F. Metcall. 
Osgoode Henry Shaler. 
Richmond, William Andrews, W. 

M. Patty-son. 
Clarendan David Jennings. 

C. W. Methodist, New 
Connexion CHurch, 

Officers of the Connexion Conference 
meet first week in June. 

Rev. H. O. Crofts, General Superin- 
temlnnt, Toronto. 

Rev. W. McClure, Assistant do. 

Mr. T. Luttridgu, Treasurer, Ham 
ilton. 

Mr. R. Brett, Financial Secretary, 
Toronto. 

TORONTO DISTRICT. 

Toronto CityW. McClurf, Chair 
man. 

Brock W. Gundy. 
Trafalgar i. Hales. 
Whit church i. Caswell. 
York T. Reed. 

HAMILTON DISTRICT. 

Hamilton T. Goldsmith. 

Ancastei J. Brennan, Chairman ; 

J. Breakenridge. 
Owen Sound VV. Preston. 
Na>saaweya C. Chi Ids. 
CayvgaV. G. Weaver. 
JlartonW. Bothwell. 
Welland Canal J. W. Rogers. 

I.OVPON DISTRICT. 

London Town II. O. Crofts, Chair 
man. 

iMndon Circuit North II. Coates. 

Westminster B. llnish. 

St. Thomas D. D. Rolston. 

Howard E. Williams. 

Western (Mission) T. Browne. 

Jialahide and ffvrtcich J. Wilkin 
son, J. Jackson. 

WaterfordH. Wilkinson. 



24 



SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 



CAVAN DISTRICT. 

Cacan J. Bell, Chairman. 
Colborne (Mission) \V. Robinson. 
Newcastle (Minion) J. C. Warren. 
Prince Edicard E. Vannorman, B. 

P. Browne. 
Mohawk Woods (Mission) 

JOHNSTOWN DISTRICT. 

Lansdoicne F. E. Powers, J. Smyth 
Eli:abelhto>en T. Rump, Chair 
man ; T. M. Jetll rs. 
Grolbourn and Drummond N. C. 
Govvan, C. Curry. 

CANADA EAST DISTRICT. 

W. M Clure, President of Conference 
T. T. Howard, Secretary. 
Stanstead $ Barnston L. P. Adams, 

Chairman. 
StukelyF. Hunt. 
Motion II. Bursall. 
Potion J. Blake, R. Brown, 
Dunham T. Ogclen.G. W. Stone. 
Henri/burg J. G. A. Stone. 



MethodistEpisc l Cburcb 
iu Canada. 

John Reynolds, Philander Smith, 

General Superintendents. 
NIAGARA CONFERENCE. 

Sleets at Palermo third Wednesday 
in August, IS50. 

TORONTO DISTRICT. 

Samuel Morrison, P. E. 
Darlington \. Hall. 
Whitby3. Hay ward. 
JVeirmarket George Lawrence. 
3la.rkh.am A. Jones, J. E. Howd. 
Yonge Street W. D. Hughson, J. 

Rice. 

Toronto J. W. Byam. 
Xelson A. R. Roy, K. L. Koyle. 
Amaranth and St. VincentVim. 

Woodward. 

Garnfrata Benjamin Lawrence. 
Oakwood Win. Sutton. 
Toronto James Richardson. 
Superanuaied David Gulp and D. 

Pickett. 

NIAGARA DISTRICT. 

Samuel Dunneit. P. E. 

Hamilton and Barton E. Bristol. 
G. Abbs, Thomas Webster and 
John Bailey. 

Canboro W. F. Lowe. 

Niagara N.A. Fraser, G. Bennett. 

Jfvrtcirh J. TuffcrJ, Jesse Owen. 
I Gainsborough John Gibson. 
| Orford I. B. Richardson. 

Blenheim Thomas Robson. 

Dumfries L. P. Smith. 

Rain/tarn Edward Lounsbwry. 

Long Point R. B. Cook, 
i Supernumerary Caleb Swenzy. 
| Superanuated Barney Markle and 
George Turner. 

LONDON DISTRICT. 

William Cope, P. 10. 

London G. P. Harri?, J. W. Jacobs 

Malahide S. Stewart. 
. Soitthicold S. M. Eastman. 
I Thamei Sylvester Kerr. 

Howard I. McLean. 

Sandwich Thomas Dnwcs. 

Scmble Ja - es Mitchell. 

Huron and Godsriclt Elijah Harris 

Supernumeraries Henry Gilmour 
David Griffin, and N. Pnrke. 

Superanuated Charles Pettia, J. H 
Huston. 

-BAY QUINTE CONFERENCE 

Meets at Nonhport first Wednesday 
in August, 1350. 

BAY QUINTE DISTRICT. 

.TohnF. Willson.P. K. 



Hpe and Otonabee Henry Lane, 

If. II. Howard. 
Cobourg9,. W. La Dn. 
BrifU<r*Win. Graham. 

vnsec on Alexander Wright. 
Hallowell George Jones. 
Mitford\Vm. K. Norman. 
Sidney Gideon Shepard, 1. N. D. 

West. 

Huntingdon John Tuke. 
Belleville L. S. Church. 
Tiiendinaga John Sills. 
Bay QuimeG. D. Gr eenleaf, Ezra 

Orser. 
Camden John G. Bull. 

AUGUSTA DISTRICT. 

Jnmes Gardiner, P. E. 

Waterloo Sheldon Young, Henry 
Dockham. 

Wolfe Island Robert Perry. 

Leeds Daniel Brown. 

Crosby Luman Hnrlnert, T. Lewis. 

Urockville and Elizabeth! own W. 
Brown, J. A. Rogers, J. H. John 
son. 

Augusta and Spcncerville Benson 
Smith, M. Davy. 

Matilda and Jf iitcfietter Charles 
Manson, John McMullen. 

Stornioiit Simon Terwillager. 

Ottawa B. W r . Blnnchard. 

Bytown and Marlborovgh Wm. 
Bird, J. W. Sills. 

Rideau John Hill. . 

inac/ifAir Hiram Williams. 

Congregational Denom n. 

Asphodel \\ Seawright. 
Brautford F. Baker. 
Button s Mills . . . Wheeler. 
llror.k N. McKinnon. 
Brockvillei. Liglubody. 
Bytown J. T. Byrne. 
Ca/edon S. Kin;;. 
Cold Spriji-ffsW. Hayden. 
Darlington J. Climie. 
Drummondville E.. Ebbs. 
F.squesing II. Denny. 
Glanford S. Finton. 
Gleiigary1. McKilliken. 
Hamilton R. R. Robinson. 
Kingston V. M. Femvick. 
Inverness . . . iVicLt-od. 
London -W. F. Clarke. 
L Oriqnal . . . Anderson. 
Newmarket Dr. Gammaee. 
Oakland W. Hay. 
Oro A. Rnymond. 
Paris and Burford J. Vincent. 
St. Andrew s T. Bayne. 
Simcoe William Clarke. 
Simtlnrold J. Silcox. 
StoitJFrillc L. Kribs. 
Ulratfiird J. Durant. 
Port Stanley William Alworth. 
Toronto John Roaf, A. Geikie and 

Adam I>illie. 
Vaughan F. Ifodgkin. 
Wnnrick3. Armour. 
fr/iilbyJ. Geikie. 
Cobourg T. SnHI. 
Vacant Charges Georgetown, 

Guelph, Port Snrnia and Moore. 

Baptist Doiioiniiiatioii. 

Ancastci W Smith 

Ai/lme.rll Crandall and A McLean 

AyrJ Bray 

Bayham H Baker mid S Rouse 

Beverley, C tYi Miner 

Binbrnok J Hooper 

Jtevcrley J D P Schofield 

BlancfiardW L Bnyley 

Jllcnheim P Pick It! 

Boianquct J Williams 



Brantford J H Carryer auj J Roed 

liloomsville J Home 

Breadalbane W Eraser 

Brorkville K. Boyd 

Brunlc J Oakley 

Caledon II Reid 

Canboru W Cook 

Chatham W Gonnc & R Hemngton 

Colchester E High warden 

Crumahe S Cummings 

Carton Place L Holcroft 

Chingn acousy J Ca i ri pbel 1 

CobouryS Tapscott 

iJcreliam N Eastwood 

Dorchester I Marsh and I Fay 

Drummondijille W Wilkinson 

Dundas J Clntton 

Dunntil f,\V freeman 

F.iiil, Oif or d Ira Howey 

Eaton A Gillies 

Esquesing J Clark 

Eldon\\ Eeid 

i- ruiliriclaburg E Clark 

Fingal .... Mclntyre and .... 

McLean 

GotjietdS French and G Jacobs 
Gowcr South P McDonald 
Graftuw W Lacey 
Haidimand\) Wait 
JJamiltunA Booker and E Brown 
Houghtun W Willis 
/itpt title J Cooper 
King H Norman 

Kingston A Lorimer, A B 

Lanark J Smith 

Leeds \V Hurlhurt and A Stevens 

Lobo D Sinclair 

London J Inglis and J S Crellin 

Lout It and Pelham D Way. 

Markham T L Davidson 

Maliihide Jubilee S McConnell 

Mar.ifillitray D A Turrace 

Middlet on E Clark 

M"ntreal B Davies, Ph.D., and J 
Gin) wood 

Niagara F Lncey 

Missouri S Vining 

Xoririchl Howey & W McClellan 

OaklandA W CnintieU 

OsgoodcV McPhail 

Osnabruck J Smith 

Paris A Cleiihorn 

Perth R A Fyfe 

Peterbnro J Giimour and J Roberts 

Port Hope J Baird 

Port Roicanll Fitch 

Port Harnia G Watson 

Putton, SuuthT Merriman 

Quebec D Marsh 

Qneenstan D Curry 

Ralciqrli\V Gorrie 

Rainham and Toicnscnd J Van 
Loon, Junr. 

Rawdun W Geary 

Reach i Holtinn and W Hurlburt 

Xnnilicich G Jacobs 

Simcoe A Austin and T Gundry 

tt. Catherine? J Anderson 

St. George W Smith 

St. Thomas}) W Rowland and M 
W Hopkins 

Sionebridge F N Jersey 

Thurlowi Bridge.-. 

Toronto J Pyper and W Christian 

H ut/HileT BtilJwell & AUnderhill 

Walcrfi,rd.\ c laght 

f ittoria\ Duncan and G J Ryerse 

W/iitkyB Bettes 

Windham.\ Stewart 
; Woodstock W II Landon 

Woolwich James Sim 

Ynrmiiulh Thomas Mills 

For* Mills} Mitchell 

Zone Mills C McDermand 

Zerra E Topping 

Vacant Charges Tieamsville, New 
market, Scotland, Sidney. 



SCOB1E & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 



25 



ABSTRACTS OF I, ATE PROVINCIAL ACTS. 



Unions may consist of two or more townships, m *<HI- 

iheUniied 



Public Schools* Upper Canada* 




tendent. .ubstituted who are to be appointed l>y i"e 

several local councils. The prewot District a ui *riu- 
tendeuu shall continue in tl.e cxercwe ot their powers, 



jivil , e each ownsbip ami union of town- 
[ . . " fi . hj for ,,, e 

The ward divi- 



tenueuu snail continue in tne exercise 01 tneir pout-is, ; ,., ., rv>,m<illnr 

a the Performanc^^ 

when they shal deliver over to Uieir successors all | ^ |||mi| r * rd ,J eillg Mso pa j d to convenience 

school papers and moneys in their possessiou.under pe- ! ^ d compacWe.8. ( 5.) The District Council also to 
nit which may be involved In ^ c : ^^;^ \* convenient place for holding 



duties. The present School Sections shall continue. 



to hold the first. 
Councils, for 
least twice in 
some newspaper 
Copies, moreover, to be posted up in the 



until altered by the local municipalities. The present, j^Tijosf public places in each township in the county 

- - - -" furnished each Returning 



Trustees shall also continue, until successors u.c. , _ . - . , (] 

appointed The Trustees for each Section-three in }j> -^ J- - , election. Any Returning 

number-shall be a corporation, under the name ot ufficer > ap[10Jnte(t f f nml f;li | in? , o hok | the flection, shall 

the Cwnt j hc liahle lo a penalty of not more than 10. 

ARRANGEMENTS BY TOWNSHIP 



of . At the first meeting in any new School Sec- 

tion, the resident, landholders and householders present, 
shall elect three Trustees, who shall continue in otiice 



(5 8.) iownship munic.pal, y may 



iidlt VlCl/li liiifrc J.I*BH;IJ? * nu c*uuii*.tjiii.iiiuuiiivsiiiv.i.i J . ., . . "H.T 1*7*1 n c 

till the second Tuesday in January following. One of f r "Se and divide the townslnp a ew ,n.o ward., 
the Trustees shall retire annually , and on the second ; ^ ^ vote of four-filtbsot the me mhe is. ( 
Tuesday of January in each year, a meeting shnll be also anew appoint a fit and COnvenien place. 
held in each SchoJl Section, when a Tr*m>e shall be " ar, , tor holding elections. , 10 ) ^fO appoint an- 
chosen by the landholders and householders present, nuallv, in and proper persons to be BetUtning OffiCMI 
in place of the one who retires. A retiring Trustee.! lur Lh( - "everal waidn. 

if willing, may be re-elected, but no Trustee shall be JUNIOR TOWNSHIPS, now SEPARATED. 

re-elected, except by his own consent, during the four Q jj.) Whenever the number of resident freeholders 
years next after his going out of office. A penalty of and household rs in any junior townshipshall, accord- 
j5 is imposed on any Trustee for refusing to serve or jug to the Collector s Roll, reach 100, the Municipal 
to do his duty. In the case of a ne\v School Section, Council of the county, may, within the first nine 
the meeting for the election of Trustees, shall be called months of the following year, divide such township 
by persons to be appointed for the .purpose, by the 1 into rural wards, fix the place for holding the first elec- 
Council of the Municipality, who shall, within twenty tion of Councillors therein, and appoint Returning 
days Of their appointment, give notice, describing tl-. officers for the same. ( 12.) Such junior township, 
Section, ami appointing the time and place for the from 1st January in the year next but one, after the re- 
meeting. The notices to be posted in at least three quisite increase appears on the Roll, shall Its iucorpo- 
public places in the Section, at least six days before the , rated by itself. 

time of holding the meeting. The yearly meetings forj SENIOR 0:1 REMAINING TOWNSHIPS. 

the choice of I rustees, on the second Tuesday in Jan., .... , 

shall be held at such place in each School Section as! ( 13 - > *" C 1S1> ot sljcn .increase, the municipality of 
the majority of the Trustees shall appoint, who shall ll Ullio " to wl>ieh *" ch J"", lor township belong, may 
postnoticesof the same, in at least three places in the within the first nine months of the following year. 
Section, at least six days before the time of meeting. liivi(l< - t "? s <*nior or remaining township or towi 
A penalty of 2 for w-L-l^ctin- to give notice of men- ships, anew, into rural wards fix the place for 

-- - \ t*\nr*ti r+n f\F r*s\t mntllrtfm in O i,-ll nf 1 M t> I It St1lf*T 1 



ine. Vacanci-s are to he filled up at a special meeting election of Councillors in each o! ll! e "- after 
to be called by the surviving Trustees should there be .solution of such union, and ap|.omt Returning V 
nonesiirvivimj, then the Council is to fill up the varan-: for bolding the same. 

cies. Kach Corporation of Trustees shall appoint one! ( H-) sh o ul<1 tlle lownslup Municipality fcil to 
of themselves, to be Secretary-Treasurer. Thedetails! comply with these requirements, and 1 he Senior o 
of the duties .ievolvins on Councils. Superintendents, mainins Township or rownships, n!tc 
Trustees. Teachers, Hoards of Education, &c., are tooi of ttl(! Unio "- lie th " s left "-i 11 ? 11 the requisite number 
voluminous to be inserted here. ! of wards, then the election of Councillors shall be made 

_ _ ^-^-^^__^- _ (by "cneral vote of the qualified Freeholders and House- 

Municipal Corporation, IT. C. 



An Act was passed last Session of Parliament, (1-ided by the Municipality. 

Vie., cap. 81.) to provide by one general law, for the! JUNI , m TOWNSHIPS, WWI:N INCORPORATED. 

erection ol Municipal Corporation*, and the establish-! 
raent of Regulations of Police, in and for the several! 
Counties, Cities, Towns, Townships and Villages in 



(S 16.) *A Junior Towns-hip having fifty residftit 
echolders and Householders on the Collector s Roll, 



Frei 



Upper Canada. The former Municipal Acts are ru - shall, for the year following the rnaklhg up .uch ioU, 
pealed. The new Act is very voluminous. 

I. TOWNSHIP MUNICIPALITIES, U. C. 



and thenceforth, be incorporated by itself. 

INCORPORATED CITIE3, TOWNS, AND VILI.A6BS. 



PREPARATORY ARRANGEMENTS BY DISTRICT COUNCILS. 

i.) The inhabitants of each Township, in Upper 1 



3. ! (17.) No part of any Incorporated City or liberties. 
jerJTown.or Village, although lying within the Boundaries 

Canada, havinii ICO or more resident Freeholders or r a Township, shall, for the jmrposes of this act, form 
Householders on the Collector s Roll shall be a liody pan of such Township ; ami no election of Iownship 
Corporate, with the usual powers to be exercised iii < Councillors shall be held within their limits, 
name of municipality. js TO PRKSENT OFPICKRS. 

(3.) Townships havinglessthan 100 freeholders and i (!) 13.) Existing officers in Township;, to continue in 
householders on such roll, shall be attached to some (office, without exception, until the tourth Monday in 
oilier adjacent Township in the same county, and be j January, ISoO, and until their successors shall be elecMkJ 



known as the junior township of the union thus form 
ed, and the oilier as the senior Township. The united 
shall be represented in one municipality. 



and sworn. 



* Thii clause ii at rarianee with sec.?ll & IS. 



26 



SCOBIE & BALFOUR S CANADIAN ALMANAC. 



WHEN TOWNSHIP NOT DIVIDED INTO WARDS. 

(19.) Failing the division of any Township into 
Wards, by the District Council; then, and until it is so 
divided by the Township Municipality, the election of 
Councillors shall lie by the votes of the electors of the 
whole Township, in general meeting, attlie place where 
the last Annual Township Meeting was held ; provided 
it was not within the limits or liberties of any City, 
Town, or Incorporated Village, in which case the Dis 
trict Council, at its special meeting, must appoint some 
other place for holding it. ( i i.) In all such cases 
the Township Clerk shall be the Returning Officer- 

ELECTION OF COUNCILLORS, WHEN HELD. 

( 21.) Commencing in 1?30, an Election shall be 
held, on the first Monday in January in each year, either 
by general Township .Meeting, or by Wards, for Town 
ship Councillors, tor each Township in Upper Canada. 

QUALIFICATION OF VOTERS AND COUNCILLORS.* 

( 22.) The Township Collector shall produce, at the 
opening of such Township or Ward Election, a fair 
copy of his Roll, duly verified, so far as it contains the 
names 0f the Freeholders and Householders of the 
i Township or Wards respectively, and the amount o i 
the assessed value of real property, for which they are 
severally assessed. Those whose names are upon the 
copy of the Roll, and who are then resident in the 
Township or Ward, as the cnse may be, shall be enti 
tled 10 vote at the election. The holder or occupier of 
any separate portion of a house, having a distinct com 
munication with a road or street, by an outer door, and 
assessed therefor, shall be deemed a householder. No 
person shall be qualified to he elected as a Township 
Councillor, unless assessed on the Roll for rateable real 
property, held in his own right, or that of his wife, as 
proprietor or tenant, to the value of .100 currency. 

NUMBER OP COUNCILLORS. 

(5 23.) Five Councillors shall be elected for each 
Township. if by Wards, one for each of the five 
Wards. They shall hold office until the third Monday 
in January, of the following year. 

MEETING OF THE MUNICIPALITY. 

(24.) The first meeting of the Municipality shall 
he held on the second Monday, next after the election, 
(it a place to be appointed by the Township Clerk, or, 
in case of there being no Clerk, by any one of (he 
Councillors elect. Should the meeting not be then 
held, it shall take place on some subsequent day. The 
Clerk or Councillor shall notify the members of the 
Municipality of it. The Councillors, so assembled, 
hall elect from amongst themselves, a Townrecve, and 
in Townships which shall have 500 resident Freehold- 
era and Householders on the Collector s Roll, a Deputy 
Townreeve. for the year. 

ADJOURNMENT. PLACE. PRF.SIIHNO OFFICER. 

( 2/>.) Empowers the Municipalities to adjourn 
their meetings from time to time, at pleasure; and 
authorises the Townreeve, or in case of his death or 
absence, the Dcputy-Townrreve, at any time, to sum 
mon a special meeting. (20.) Requires the meeting! 
to be held at such place in the Township, as the Muni 
cipality shall from time to time appoint. (27.) At 
all meetings the Townreeve shall preside, or in his 
absence the Deputy-Townreeve when there is one, 
except only when there shall be no Townreeve or De 
puty, in which case, some other member, to be appoint 
ed for the purpose, shall preside. 

ASSESSORS AND COLLECTORS. 

(OT.) Requires each Municipality, to appoint three 
Assessors and one Collector for the Township, who 
shall severally hold office until the third Monday in 
January followins, and until successors are appointed 
to them respectively. Any vacancy in either office, by 
death or removal of residence from the Township, to 
he filled up by the Municipality 

AUDITIN