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Catalogue of the Wheeler Gift of 
Books, Pamphlets and Periodicals in 
the Library of the American Institute 
of Electrical Engineers 



I— 1 



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Catalogue of the Wheeler Gift of 
Books J Pamphlets and Periodicals 
in the Library of the American 
Institute of Electrical Engineers 



EDITED BY 

WILLIAM D. WEAVER 

Member American Institute of Electrical Engineer! 



With Introduction, Descriptive and Critical Notes 

BY 

BROTHER POTAMIAN, Sc.D., Lond. 

Profeuor of Physics^ Manhattan College 



FOLUME I 




NEW YORK: AMERICAN INSTITUTE 
OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERS. 1909 



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SCHLUETER PRINTING COMPANY 

NEW YOXK, N. Y. 



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193996 

APR 22 19.5 IV\ tT^^S 

'?^'^^ DEED OF GIFT 

To THE Council and Members of the American In- 
stitute OF Electrical Engineers: 

// is my privilege to he able to announce the completion 
of negotiations by which I have become the possessor of the 
very remarkable collection of electrical hooks of the late 
Mr. Latimer Clark of London. 

My object in securing the collection was to present the 
books to our Institute and make it the custodian of the most 
complete electrical Library in the world, as well as to stimu* 
late such interest that the Institute may in time own a perma- 
nent home in New York. 

The assurance received from those who have cooperated 
with me in this undertaking, that the collection is very com- 
plete and includes practically every known publication in the 
English language previous to i886, on magnetism, electricity, 
galvanism, the lodestone, mariner^s compass, etc., have been 
more than verified by my own examination of the books since 
their arrival in this country. There are among its y,000 
titles many books which are not to be found in either of the 
famous libraries with which it has been compared, and I find 
that there are even some of the very earliest examples of 
printing. 

I have always been a strong believer in the principle that 
every professional man is under obligation to contribute in 
some way to the welfare of the profession in which he is 
engaged, and in obedience to this idea I now desire to present 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

this Library to you complete, reserving to myself only the 
photographs, autographs, and such duplicate books as I may 
add to my own collection without detracting from the com- 
pleteness of the Library. 

As an early contributor to the Institute and one of the 
original members of its Building Committee, I am interested 
in securing for it permanent headquarters and adding to its 
importance, dignity and strength. It is my desire that the 
Institute accept the Library and through its Library Com- 
mittee and a suitable Librarian administer it in such a way 
as to make it generally useful, and I hope that the possession 
of these books will add to the Institute's prestige. 

I am inclined not to suggest rules for the management 
of the Library, believing that those who are in charge from 
time to time are in the best position to know what is desira- 
ble, but in order to fix its general character, and secure its 
permanence, I condition the gift upon the acceptance by the 
Institute of the following provisions: 

First. — The Library to be kept insured against loss by 
fire as fully as it may be practicable to determine its value, 
and an annual appropriation of $1,500 to be provided for 
its maintenance. 

Second. — A complete catalogue raisonne to be pub- 
lished in the name of the Institute, reciting the conditions of 
gift and explaining the features of interest of each book for 
the convenience and information of members. This cat- 
alogue to be prepared at once and a bound copy of it to be 
placed in the hands of each member of the Institute. 

Third. — The Library to be in charge and control of a 
Library Board or Committee made up of members of the 

vi 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

Institute and not more than a quarter of the whole number 
of members of this Committee to be allied with any one 
commercial or other interest. 

Fourth. — The Library to remain in New York City 
and to be a reference library, free to all, including non-mem- 
bers and available for consultation at least three days in the 
week and some evenings and some Sundays, as soon as the 
Institute is in permanent quarters. 

Fifth. — Rare books, that is, books which it is prac- 
tically impossible to replace, to be exhibited under glass with 
suitable explanatory cards and to be subject to closer exam- 
ination only at the Library and upon suitable introduction of 
the visitor to the Library Committee or their representative, 
the Librarian, and under such other precautions as will posi- 
tively assure the preservation and safety of the books. 

And further, it is my earnest desire that the Institute 
shall within five years raise a sufficient fund by subscription, 
and provide itself with a permanent home for its meetings 
and Library, and that this home shall be centrally located, 
reasonably safe from fire and not heavily mortgaged. 

In case of the failure of the Institute to comply with the 
substance or spirit of these conditions, or with the desire ex- 
pressed above for a permanent home, the Library shall revert 
to me or my heirs or assigns. 

Having in view the sole purpose of encouraging the Insti- 
tute to attain the position which I feel sure all of its members 
desire, I have sought to name conditions easily within its 

reach. 

Schuyler Skaats Wheeler. 
Ampere, New Jersey, 

May 17th, igoi. 



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PREFACE 

THIS work is due to the generosity of Mr, Andrew Car- 
negie, who donated a fund to house, catalogue and 
complete the celebrated Latimer Clark collection of books, 
pamphlets and periodicals, presented to the Library of the 
American Institute of Electrical Engineers by Dn Schuyler 
Skaats Wheeler. A history in detail of the acquisition of the 
collection and of Mr; Carnegie's gift is given in the Report of 
the Library Committee for 1903/ It is not inappropriate 
to recall here that it was on the day following a **Library 
Dinner," given February 9, 1903, by the American Institute 
of Electrical Engineers, at which Dr, Wheeler and Mn 
Carnegie were the guests of honor, that Mr. Carnegie 
announced his desire to provide In New York City 
the building now known as the Engineering Societies* Build- 
ing. In this palatial structure, of which the two upper floors 
are devoted to library purposes, the collection has found an 
ideal home. 

In planning the work, and particularly in view of the 
requirement of the Wheeler Deed of Gift that a copy should 
be placed in the hands of each member of the American 
Institute of Electrical Engineers, of whom but a small pro- 
portion can make use of the collection at its home 10 New 
York Cit>% it was felt that the contents should be given as 
much general interest as the titular scope of the book would 



' At cliu Report waf not published m the TrasMctknA of the Instjcute, md also concairis a 
Mitory m detail of che founding of the Library, it is printed at the enil of Vol. Jl, with the 
omttsbn of Uie tections de^Jig with finAndal matters. 

I 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

admit. In other words, it was thought desirable to impart 
to the work so far as seemed feasible a direct educational 
value, to the end that the reader might through its pages 
easily trace the evolution of the electrical science and arts and 
form at least a passing acquaintance with the monuments of 
electrical literature. The character of the notes was fixed by 
this consideration, and in accordance with it a large number 
of engravings have been introduced, consisting of reproduc- 
tions of significant pages of text, title pages of rare 
books, portraits of authors, plates illustrating epochal dis- 
coveries, etc. The admirable Introduction by Brother Pota- 
mian (Dr. M. F. O'Reilly of Manhattan College, New 
York City) adds in a high degree to this feature of the work, 
which is also furthered by an Appendix on that curious fiction 
of the sixteenth century, the sympathetic telegraph. 

The chronological order of entries and the division into 
sections adopted were naturally suggested by the historical 
character of the collection and the special nature of some of 
its parts. A systematic subject classification was not found 
practicable for the reason that most of the books antedate 
any specialization in the electrical science or art. Moreover, 
for historical research, and especially in the early periods, a 
chronological arrangement has a distinct advantage where the 
nature of the subject matter is indicated, as in the present 
case, by notes accompanying the title entries. Any advantage 
incident to an alphabetical arrangement according to authors 
finds compensation in an author index, which also includes all 
names occurring in the titles as editor, party to a controversy 
or otherwise, together with all names mentioned in the anno- 
tations. Owing to the great richness of the collection in 
books and pamphlets relating to the telegraph, and especially 
to the early period of the ocean telegraph, a subject index 
has been provided for entries of this class. 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

In making additions to his library, Mr. Latimer Clark 
evidently considered nothing obtainable in print should be 
excluded that has any relation, however slight, to the histor- 
ical or technical side of electrical science or the electrical arts. 
This inclusiveness, which greatly enhances the value of the 
collection, rendered desirable some system of classification 
that would insure due prominence to its extensive miscella- 
neous portions, and also avoid what, under a strict chron- 
ological arrangement, might be the entry of an important 
historical work sandwiched between entries of, say, a trade 
catalogue and a parliamentary report. It was therefore de- 
cided to distribute the entries into sections according to certain 
criteria which, though far from satisfactory from a biblio- 
graphical standpoint, nevertheless appeared defensible if 
judged with reference to the needs of those who will make 
practical use of the Catalogue. Since circumstances rendered 
it necessary to carry out the work of classification with ref- 
erence to a card transcript of titles and annotations and not 
from examination of the contents of each book, close scrutiny 
will doubtless show that some items have been misplaced. In 
particular, the latter method of selection might have placed 
in Section I. some of the entries now in Section II. 

Section L, which occupies Vol. L, comprises the more nota-^ 
ble items of the collection. Section 11. consists largely of 
excerpts or reprints from the Transactions of learned socie- 
ties, from periodicals, etc., the total of entries for this class of 
items being not far from two thousand. It may be added that 
these items, together with the pamphlets of the collection, are 
to be found in the Library gathered in bound volumes number- 
ing about 200. In this section are also included a consider- 
able number of pamphlets and some miscellaneous items, such 
as engravings, collections of clippings, etc. Sections III., IV. 
and V. comprise miscellaneous publications relating specific- 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

ally to telegraphy, principally in pamphlet or circular form, 
and including numerous prospectuses, reports, etc., dating in 
the early period of cable telegraphy. Section VI. consists of 
reports of early electric light, telephone and electrical man- 
ufacturing companies. Section VII. relates to patent specifi- 
cations and litigation. Section VIII. contains a considerable 
collection of parliamentary papers having an electrical bear- 
ing, and also covers legislative and legal subjects of a like 
nature. Section IX. comprises pamphlets, etc., relating to 
expositions, electrical congresses and societies. Section X. 
consists of entries of early electrical trade catalogues, circu- 
lars and price lists. 

Much care has been bestowed on the compilation of Sec- 
tion XL, which is a bibliography of the sets, or partial sets, 
of periodicals in the collection, in number more than one 
hundred. The first drafts of entries in these sections were 
prepared from examination of the volumes and by reference 
to various available bibliographical sources. The drafts re- 
lating to the journals throughout the world now in existence 
were then submitted for revision to the present editors of 
these journals. The secretaries of the English, French and 
German electrical societies very kindly acted upon a request 
to have the drafts of the entries of former electrical journals 
printed in their languages revised by the respective librarians 
of such societies. In the case of British journals no longer 
published, the entries for those not strictly electrical in char- 
acter were revised by Mr. H. M. Mayhew of the periodical 
department of the British Museum. 

Mr. Clark took a special interest in the subject of so-called 
sympathetic or telepathic telegraphy, and spared no pains to 
make this section of his Library inclusive of the subject. In 
view of the completeness of this interesting department, an 
historical account of the idea of the sympathetic telegraph 



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CATALOGUE OP WHEELER GIFT 

is given as an appendix to the Catalogue proper, together 
with a list of references to the more notable writings in which 
the subject receives notice, including some works not in the 
Library. 

With the exception of the periodical section, in which the 
arrangement is alphabetical, the entries In each of the sections 
arc» except as below noted, in chronological order according 
to the dates of publication. If, however^ a work is repre- 
sented by more than one edition, or by a translation, the 
chronological order is disregarded in placing such entries^ 
which follow that of the original publication, but with the 
date of printing set back from the marginal date line. In the 
case of Peregrlnus (No* 46), and of Gilbert (No. 72), and 
owing to the extensive collections In the Library relating 
to these great pioneers of electrical literature, all entries con- 
nected directly with their names are grouped under the entry 
earliest in date, 

A very complete system of cross-references has been sup- 
plied as follows: When an author is represented in Section 
L by more than one publication, the first entry under his 
name is accompanied by a note referring by number to all 
other entries of his work In the Catalogue. The later entries, 
however, are accompanied by only a single reference, this 
being to the earliest entry which, as noted above, is inclusive 
in its reference indications* Sections IL-X, have cross-ref- 
erences in common according to the above system, but where 
an author entered in any of these sections Is represented in 
Section L, there are added the necessary cross-references* In 
addition to the above class of references, cross-references are 
included in the body of the annotations wherever by this 
means further light may be afforded on a work or a particular 
subject of interest* In brackets following the names of au- 
thors no longer living are recorded the dates of birth and 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

death, except in a few cases where this information was not 
obtainable. 

After the purchase of the Latimer Clark collection, Dr. 
Wheeler made a number of additions to his Gift, which are 
entered in the Catalogue and distinguished by an asterisk {*) 
following the entry number. As the Library possessed aside 
from the Wheeler Gift a small number of books of an histor- 
ical character, these were also entered, and are distinguished 
by the addition of a dagger (t) to the entry number. After 
the text was in type some entries were added, and a 
few found misplaced were transferred to their proper loca- 
tions, thereby necessitating the duplication of their entry 
numbers, as indicated by the addition of the word bis to such 
numbers. Most of the new entries are of books and pam- 
phlets obtained — principally by gift — in order to render 
more complete the representation in the Catalogue of certain 
authors, either by their own writings or by works related 
thereto. To complete the record of the history of several 
journals, a few sets of periodicals in the Library, but not in 
the collection, were entered in Section XL, and are also dis- 
tinguished by a dagger mark. 

Owing to the duplication of entry numbers above referred 
to, and especially to translations and works represented in 
more than one edition being assigned merely the entry number 
of the original edition with a distinguishing affix, as well as 
to the exceptions noted in the cases of Peregrinus and Gilbert, 
the number of the final entry of the Catalogue (5966) falls 
shOTt of representing the total of publications entered in the 
work. 

It is difficult to find terms in which to express adequately 
the debt of gratitude that the members of the Institute owe 
to Brother Potamian for his devoted labor in their behalf, 
as represented by the descriptive and critical notes accom- 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

panying the title entries of the Catalogue. The work in- 
volved in the task extended over seven years, and was per- 
formed in a spirit akin to that which animated the scholarly 
writers of the early periods who are so largely represented 
in the Library, and who had no other incentive to their 
sustained labors than innate love of learning and the desire 
to share knowledge gained with others. Works of the ages 
when Latin was the language of learning have become sealed 
books to the modern scientific man; and Brother Potamian 
in pointing out in detail the contributions of their writers to 
the body of electrical and magnetical knowledge, has not 
only done justice to the memory of men who were inspiring 
forces in their generation, but in so doing has also enabled 
the reader to appreciate as real personalities what otherwise 
might be to him mere names of the past devoid of present 
human interest. But delving in famous old tomes and de- 
lectable examination of the rarities of electrical literature 
were but incidents in the course of the work accomplished 
by Brother Potamian. Months and years passed in the 
painstaking search for hidden gems, for matter of nota- 
ble interest in every book in the collection, however 
slight might be the promise of reward for the labor bestowed. 
Naturally, the result of a research of this kind, if reckoned 
in terms of volume, .can be but slight in proportion to the 
time and labor spent in carrying it out. That in the present 
case a rich harvest of results has been garnered in will appear 
from the brilliant "Introduction" of Brother Potamian to 
the following pages, which is in itself a contribution of the 
highest order to electrical literature, and one also that will 
cause the revision of judgments on priority in various lines 
of electrical discovery. 

Mr. Joseph Plass, of the Library of Congress, has ren- 
dered invaluable aid in preparing the matter of the Catalogue 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

for the printer, in taking care of bibliographical details, in 
typographical and critical reading of the proof, as well as 
in making innumerable researches, both in the Institute 
Library and the Library of Congress, to clear up matters in 
doubt. The card copy in long-hand was, after checking 
with originals to insure correctness of title entries, chrono- 
logically arranged and typewritten by Mr. Plass for the 
printer; it was then again carefully revised by comparison 
in doubtful cases with the originals, references and cross- 
references supplied and bibliographical researches made in 
the case of more notable works for information of interest 
to add relating to editions, authors, etc. Mr. Plass also 
prepared the first draft of the periodical section, compiled 
the author and telegraphic indexes and furnished the material 
for the Appendix on the sympathetic telegraph. These 
labors were accompanied by a zeal in performance and by a 
devotedness to the objects of the Catalogue that should not 
pass unnoticed, and which add to the obligation to Mr. Plass 
for his extremely efficient collaboration in the work. 

The task of making the selections for the classification 
decided upon was confided to Mr. Adolph Voge of the Con- 
cilium Bibliographicum of Zurich, Switzerland, who for- 
tunately was on a visit to this country when the matter came 
up for consideration. Mr. Voge must be relieved from any 
criticism that may be found applicable to the system of clas- 
sification adopted, or arising from errors due to the manner 
in which circumstances required its details to be carried out. 

The proof of Vol. L of the Catalogue was read critic- 
ally by Mr. Alfred W. Pollard of the British Museum, and 
Mr. Joseph Plass of the Library of Congress; also, by Mr. 
Paul Fleury Mottelay of New York, Prof. Silvanus P. 
Thompson of London, and Prof. Dr. G. Hellmann of Berlin, 
all of whom made suggestions which have greatly increased 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

the value of the work. In addition, Mr. Mottelay, Prof 
Thompson and Dr. HcUmann contributed additions to the 
collection In order to render more complete the representa- 
tion in the Catalogue of some of the authors entered- As 
previously stated, Mr- H- M, Mayhcw of the periodical de- 
partment of the British Museum revised a considerable num- 
ber of the drafts of entries of the periodical section, and 
acknowledgment is made of the courtesy in arranging for a 
like service in relation to other classes of periodicals, to 
Mr, G- C. Lloyd, secretary of the Institution of Electrical 
Engineers, London j Prof* Paul Janet, Director of the Ecolc 
Superieure d'Electricite of the Societe Internationale des Elec- 
triciens, Paris; and Herr G, Dettmar, General Secretary of 
the Verband Deutscher Elektrotechniker, Berlin ; also, to the 
secretaries of other societies and to editors of various period- 
icals, for revising the drafts of the entries of their respective 
publications. 

Courtesies and aid were also received from Dr. John S. 
Billings, Director of the New York Public Library; Messrs, 
H, H, B, Meyer, Charles Martell and James D. Thomp- 
son» of the Library of Congress; Mr, E, W. Nicholson, 
Librarian of the Bodleian Library, Oxford University; 
Mr. J- H. Canfield, Librarian of Columbia University, New 
York; Brother Chrysostem of Manhattan College; Dr. E, W, 
Auzal, Mr, Edward Caldwell, Mn Charles L, Clarke, and 
Mr. Arthur Haas, New York City. The gratifying interest 
in the Catalogue and its objects shown by the several firms 
concerned in its mechanical execution — The Schlueter Printing 
Company, Gill Engraving Company, and J, F, Tapley Co, 
(binders), all of New York City — calls for recognition, 
especially as this interest was frequently manifested by serv- 
ices improving the book which were not covered by charges. 



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CONTENTS 



VOLUME I 

PAGE 

Wheeler Deed of Gift v 

Preface i 

Introduction 15 

Section I. Main Portion of Collection, Nos. i — 2447 49 

VOLUME II 

SECTION PAGE 

11. Excerpts from Periodicals — Miscellanea ... 9 

III. Instructions, Rules, and Regulations for Tel- 

egraph Operation — Tariffs — Codes . . . 227 

IV. Reports of Telegraph and Cable Companies . . 243 
V. Prospectuses of Telegraph and Cable Companies 258 

VI. Reports of Electric Light, Telephone and Manu- 
facturing Companies 273 

VII. Patent Specifications — ^Litigation 287 

VIII. Parliamentary Papers — Legislation — Legal . . 305 
IX. Expositions — Congresses — Societies — Banquets, 

etc 329 

X. Trade Catalogues, Circulars and Price Lists . . 347 

XI. Periodicals 377 

Appendix. The Sympathetic Telegraph . . . 409 

Index TO Authors 421 

Index TO Telegraphic Entries 453 

Report of A. I. E. E. Library Committee, 

1903 465 

II 



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fLlBRARV or THE 

AMERICAN IXSTrrUTE 

OF 

ET.ECTRIC^VL EX^GINEEHS 




TTrrrrjrT? 



UBRARY BOOK PLATE 
Gift of Mr. Edward D. Adanu 



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INTRODUCTION 



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INTRODUCTION 

HE philosopher or the essayist, writing on 
hobbies of a high and inspiring nature, has 
two recent examples at hand to illustrate his 
theme, viz.: the example of Sir Francis 
Ronalds and that of J. Latimer Clark. These distinguished 
men were contemporaries and friends; both long-lived, mod- 
erately moneyed, and ardently fond of old electrical books. 
Ronalds died at the ripe age of eighty-five, on August 8, 1 873, 
at which time Latimer Clark had entered on his fifty-first 
year, and had already been collecting material for his Library 
for nearly a quarter of a century. He was well aware at the 
outset that the Royal Society had a representative collection, 
and that Ronalds had even a larger number of old and rare 
volumes on electricity and telegraphy; yet he believed that 
there were still many treasures on the dust-covered shelves 
of private collections which awaited only an appraiser and 
purchaser. The Library, which for years was housed at 

InhuJy ktadfiece and tail piece from Gilbert's De Magnete, 1600. 

17 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 
Westminster and known to the electrical world as the Lati- 
mer Clark Library, shows how well founded was this belief. 
During the last forty-eight years of his life, Mr. Clark kept 
a watchful eye on the lists and catalogues of famous book- 
sellers at home and abroad, and many are the anecdotes told 
of the patience and shrewdness which he displayed in driving 
a bargain for a coveted volume. 

With Mr. Clark, collecting was an occupation, serious no 
doubt, but one destined for spare moments and vacation 
months. It afforded him keen pleasure to buy, to index, and to 
annotate. His was a hobby fraught with pleasure for him- 
self, and fraught for all time with interest and profit for 
the student of electrical history. 

Josiah Latimer Clark was born at Great Marlow, on 
March lo, 1822. Having supplemented his elementary edu- 
cation by a course in his favorite subject of chemistry, he ob- 
tained employment in a technical capacity with a Dublin firm 
engaged in the chemical industry. In 1847, encouraged by 
the activity in railway construction then prevalent, he de- 
termined to exchange his chemical pursuits for an appoint- 
ment as surveyor on one of the numerous lines which were 
projected at the time. With the knowledge and experience 
acquired in a twelvemonth, he joined his elder brother, 
Edwin, who was then resident engineer on the construc- 
tion of the Britannia Tubular Bridge over the Menai 
Strait. It was during this period that Mr. Clark gave evi- 
dence of special aptitude for applying the energy of the 
electric current to the purposes of life by firing a time-gun at 
eight o'clock every evening. Such an achievement attracted 

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the notice of Mr, J, Lewis Ricardo, who offered the Clark 
brothers the positions of engineer and assistant-engineer, re- 
spectively^ to the newly formed Electric Telegraph Company, 
of which he was chairman. This was In 1850; four ycara 
later, Mr, Edwin Clark resigned and his younger brother 
succeeded him as engineer-in-chief, a position which he held 




y. LATIMER CLARK 

until 1 86 1, at which time he became consulting engineer to 
the Company, After 1870 his services were no longer re- 
quiredf as the whole telegraph business of the United King- 
dom was taken over by the Government and assigned to the 
General Post Office Department. The twenty years between 
1850 and 187O1 during which Mr. Clark was connected with 
the Electric Telegraph Company, formed for that Company 
a period of continuous expansion and commercial success, 

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much of which must be attributed to Mr. Clark's personal 
influence, his inventive genius, and untiring industry. 

While in the service of the Electric Telegraph Company, 
Mr. Clark was led to undertake a series of experiments on 
the flow of electricity through underground wires. As early 
as 1816 Ronalds, who is rightly considered the father of the 
electric telegraph in England, noticed and in 1823 clearly 
stated, on page 12 of his "Description of an Electric Tel- 
egraph," the retardation which an electric signal would un- 
dergo in passing through a long conductor; but his little 
pamphlet, important and suggestive as it was, attracted no 
attention at the time. In 1838 Faraday, commenting on 
Wheatstone's experiments on the "velocity of electricity," 
predicted that a retardation would occur on account of 
the electrostatic capacity of the circuit. Twelve years 
later, that is, in 1850, Dr. Werner Siemens, of Berlin, 
called attention again to this capacity-effect in a paper 
on testing for faults in telegraph lines, which was read before 
the Academie des Sciences, of Paris, on April 29 of that year. 
But it was not, however, until June 20, 1852, that the re- 
tardation was experimentally detected, being then observed 
by Mr. Clark himself on the London, Leeds, and Liverpool 
telegraph line. The result of the observation was withheld 
from the public for a time, as the Directors of the Electric 
Telegraph Company thought that its premature disclosure 
would affect their interests prejudicially. The first public 
demonstration was given by Mr. Clark at the Company's 
Gutta-Percha Works, at Lothbury, on October 4, 1853, m 
presence of Faraday, Airy, Edwin Clark, and other men 

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eminent in the scientific world. Some time later, Mr. Clark 
undertook, at the request of Professors Airy and Melloni, a 
series of researches on the electric current which showed that, 
contrary to the belief of the time, the rate of flow of currents 
through a conductor is independent of the electric pressure 
used; in other words, that high potential has no advan- 
tage over low potential with regard to the velocity of trans- 
mission on land lines, or even on submarine cables. Faraday 
tersely expressed this in a letter which he wrote to Mr. Clark, 
by saying "that the force of a weak battery passes with equal 
rapidity along the line as that of a strong battery."' 

All this seems to have been forgotten in 1858 when bat- 
teries of 380 and even 420 Daniell cells were used at Valentia 
to force signals through the Atlantic cable; and, on these 
proving unsatisfactory, recourse was had to the excessive pen- 
etrative energy of the induction coil, with the result that a 
cable costing millions did not long withstand the ill-advised 
treatment to which it was subjected. 

In this connection an experimental test, made by Mr. 
Clark in 1866, is of special interest. Writing from Valentia, 
on September 12, he says: "With a single galvanic cell com- 
posed of a few drops of acid in a silver thimble ^ and a frag- 
ment of zinc weighing a grain or two, conversation may 
easily, though slowly, be carried on through one of the cables 
(1865, 1866), or through the two joined together at New- 
foundland to form a loop; and, although in the latter case 
the spark, twice traversing the breadth of the Atlantic, has to 
pass through 3700 miles of cable, its effects at the receiving end 

* Faraday^s MS. letter, Latimer Clark Pamphlets, Vol. ii., p. 3. 

* Signals were sent in 1866 from Newfoundland to Valentia by means of a cell consisting 
of a copper gun-cap with a strip of zinc excited by a drop of water. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

are visible in the galvanometer in a little more than a second 
after contact is made with the battery. The deflections are 
not of a dubious character, but full and long, the spot of 
light traversing freely a space of 12 to 1 8 inches on the scale; 
and it is manifest that a battery many times smaller would 
suffice to produce similar effects."^ 

As might be expected, Faraday was greatly interested in 
the experiments on retardation which he witnessed and which 
he said ^'offered a remarkable illustration of the mutually 
dependent nature of induction, conduction and insulation." 
Accordingly, after further communication with Mr. Clark, 
he prepared a Friday-evening discourse on "Associated Cases 
of Current and Electrical Effects," which he delivered at the 
Royal Institution on January 20, 1854.* This circumstance 
gave rise to the impression that the experiments referred to 
in the lecture had actually been made by Faraday himself on 
subterranean lines. An equivalent and equally erroneous state- 
ment is sometimes found in text-books, and also in scientific 
periodicals and technical papers. 

In July, 1857, Mr. Clark invited Faraday to attend a 
seance of a spiritualistic character, which elicited from the 
Professor such condemnatory remarks as the following: "But 
how is it that the believers in these things make such a shout- 
ing-out for scientific men? Why not become scientific them- 
selves and prove their own so-called facts as scientific men 
prove theirs ?"s 

To Sir George Airy, the Astronomer Royal of the time, 

* Printed letter, Latimer Clark PampAIets, Vol. ii., p. xo. 

* Rxptrimtntal Reuarcket, pp. 508-5 1 7. 

* MS. letter, Latimer Clark PamphUtSy Vol. ii., p. 4. 

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Mr* Clark also rendered material assistance in 1857, by help- 
ing to make the necessary arrangements for the simultaneous 
transmission of mean solar time throughout the country from 
the Observatory at Greenwich. He also concurred with Prof- 
Airy in determining differences of longitude by means of the 
electric telegraph. 

In the same year, 1857, Mr. Clark, having noticed a vio- 
lent disturbance of magnetic needles during an auroral dis- 
play, suggested to the Astronomer Royal the utility of attach* 
ing wires to magnetic observatories in the four cardinal 
directions, expecting them to act as antennse or feelers of 
approaching magnetic storms/ 

The insulation of air-lines attracted Mr. Clark's attention 
at an early period in his professional career^ and led In 1856 
to the invention by him of the earthenware insulator known 
as the **doubIe cup invert," Two years later, in 1858, he took 
up the much-debated subject of the preservation of sub- 
merged cables with the result that he gave manufacturers a 
material, Chrk^s Compound^ which was found very service- 
able as a covering in extending the life of a cable. Some 
years later, Mr- Clark suggested the use of stamps for tel- 
egrams as practised in England; also an abbreviated code 
for cable messages as used throughout the world to-day. 

We henceforth find Mr. Clark taking a prominent part 
in most electrical enterprises of magnitude. In 1859, at a 
period of great telegraphic depression caused by the failure 
of the first Atlantic cable, he was appointed engineer to the 
Atlantic Telegraph Company, In i860 his name appears on 

* S« AJTy'i leno-, Latimtr dark Pampkhti^ Vol. ii. p. 36. 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

a joint committee of the Board of Trade and the Atlantic 
Telegraph Company, appointed to inquire into the perplexing 
question of the day, the failure of submarine cables. Mr. 
Clark took an active part as an expert in the prolonged inves- 
tigations of the committee and also in the preparation of the 
report itself, which document contains a great body of infor- 
mation on the whole subject of submarine telegraphy. The 
supplementary report was written by Mr. Clark himself; and 
in it he treats very fully of the laws which govern the propa- 
gation of electrical currents in long submarine cables. 

His next communication, in the preparation of which he 
was assisted by his distinguished partner. Sir Charles Bright, 
was on "The Formation of Standards of Electrical Quantity 
and Resistance," and was read at the Manchester meeting of 
the British Association in 1861. It was a memorable and 
fruitful paper, inasmuch as it brought about, at the instance 
of Sir William Thomson (Lord Kelvin), the appointment 
of a committee, of which Sir Charles Bright and Mr. Lat- 
imer Clark subsequently became members,^ to report on the 
general and vitally important question of the fundamental 
electrical units. This was the first meeting of a committee 
that was destined to accomplish much in the electric and elec- 
tromagnetic field; it was the initial impulse of a long-con- 
tinued movement that brought renown to the whole body of 
English electricians. The members of the committee ap- 
pointed in 1 86 1 were Professors Williamson, Wheatstonc, 
Thomson, and Miller, together with Dr. Matthiessen and 
Mr. Fleeming Jenkin. The first report was presented in the 

^ Sir Charles Bright in 1863 and Ladmer Clark in 1867. 

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following year, 1862; and, though dealing mainly with the 
unit of resistance, it virtually laid the foundation of the 
C. G. S. system of electric, magnetic and electromagnetic units 
from which followed immediately the practical units of cur- 
rent, resistance and capacity. It is worthy of note that not 
only the system of units itself, but also the very nomenclature 
proposed by the authors of the paper and recommended by 
the committee, viz. : the ohm, the volt, and the farad, met 
with universal acceptance, such necessary additions as the am- 
pere, the coulomb, the watt, and the joule being made in 
course of time. 

Among later members of the committee were Professors 
Clerk Maxwell, Balfour Stewart, Carey Foster; Dr. Joule, 
Dr. Hopkinson; Sir William Siemens, Lord Rayleigh, Sir 
William Preece, Sir Oliver Lodge; and Professors Adams, 
Johnstone Stoney, Everett, Aryton and Perry. 

Mr. Clark will, however, be best remembered by the 
zinc-mercury standard of electromotive force which he 
described at length in a paper that was communi- 
cated to the Royal Society through Sir William Thom- 
son in 1873. I^ ^^^^ him many months of close work 
involving delicate chemical manipulation and precise, physical 
measurements; but he was well repaid for the anxiety and 
labor incurred in his investigations by the high degree of 
constancy attained in the standard cell, which became at once 
an indispensable unit in every laboratory and testing-room 
in the world. The Clark cell was the prototype of the Wes- 
ton cadmium cell which is so extensively used in national 
standardization institutions to-day. 
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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

It was at this time that Mr. Clark called attention to the 
care with which shunts must be used in comparative measure- 
ments of condenser-discharges, on account of the momentary 
currents set up in the galvanometer-coils by the swing of the 
needle itself. The whole matter was closely studied by Mr. 
Clark and discussed in a paper which was read before the 
Society of Telegraph Engineers in 1873. 

During the two years, 1 867-1 869, and again in 1 879, Mr. 
Clark took a leading part in showing at the meetings of the 
British Association the unsatisfactory character of the Bir- 
mingham Wire Gauge, and it was mainly due to his efforts 
and perseverance that the present imperial standard was in- 
troduced and finally adopted. 

In 1868 Mr. Clark published his Principles of Electrical 
Measurement, a short treatise which was well calculated to 
give the practical electrician clear views of the principles 
underlying his every-day work. Its merits were promptly 
and widely recognized, for in a very short time it was trans- 
lated into French, Spanish, and Italian. Considerable use is 
made in this early work on electrical measurement of a poten- 
tiometer designed by Mr. Clark, which supplied a long-felt 
want for an easy and accurate method of comparing electro- 
motive forces. 

The scientific work and professional eminence of Mr. 
Clark were recognized at various periods of his life by his 
election as member of the Institution of Civil Engineers in 
1 86 1, Fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society in 1874, 
Chevalier de la Legion d'Honneur in 188 1, and Fellow of 
the Royal Society in 1889. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

Though essentially a civil engineer and a practical electri- 
cian, Mr. Clark indulged in certain non-professional pursuits 
which afforded him congenial distraction during his leisure 
hours. He was a lover of flowers and a devotee of astronomy. 
"Hitherwood," his beautiful and spacious home at Upper 
Norwood, was decorated in all seasons with plants and flowers 
cultivated with his own hands; and, wherever he happened 
to be at night, the starry dome afforded him occupation as it 
always filled him with delight. He introduced, in 1882, a 
simple form of transit instrument which was mainly intended 
for the determination of local time, but which has also done 
much to facilitate and popularize this fascinating branch of 
knowledge, the study of the heavens. 

In the practice of his profession, Mr. Clark superintended 
the laying of cables to Holland and Belgium, accompanied 
telegraph expeditions to India, and acted with Sir Charles 
Bright as engineer to the Anglo-American Telegraph Com- 
pany when laying the cables of 1865 and 1866. It was on this 
occasion that Mr. Clark made the interesting test of sending 
signals through the united length of the two Atlantic cables, 
to which reference was made on page 21. 

Mr. Clark left casual notes of occurrences and personal 
experiences in the North Sea, the Red Sea, and the Atlantic 
Ocean, which show some of the amenities, not to say tribu- 
lations, which an electrical engineer is liable to encounter in 
the discharge of his duty. 

In other departments of engineering, Mr. Clark was 
engaged in important operations In which, together with Mr. 
John Standfield, he devised mammoth hydraulic hoists for use 

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CATALOGUE OP WHEELER GIFT 

on canals, a floating dock, and a mode of raising sunken 
ships. The activity of his mind in a practical direction may 
be gauged from the fact that the number of patents taken 
out by him in less than half a century amounted to one hun- 
dred and fifty, many being of acknowledged public utility. 

In 1874 Mr. Clark was elected fourth President of the 
Society of Telegraph Engineers, the subject of his inaugural 
address being the early history, the progress and contemporary 
development of electricity and telegraphy. This address is 
of exceptional interest by reason of the numerous references 
made at first hand to the rare works belonging to the very 
dawn of electric and magnetic science then in the President's 
possession. At the conclusion of the address, Mr. Clark 
made the important announcement that the magnificent col- 
lection of electrical works known as the Ronalds Library had 
been transferred, in trust, by Sir Francis Ronalds to the 
Society of Telegraph Engineers, so that "it be not dispersed 
but preserved in an entire state, and be of as much use as 
possible to such persons as from time to time should be 
engaged in the pursuit of electrical science or other cognate 
sciences.'' 

Throughout his long life Mr. Clark, like his friend Sir 
Francis Ronalds, was an ardent bibliophile, ever ready to 
purchase an early or rare work connected with his favorite 
subjects which he might not already have in his collection. 
He was always on the alert for sales in the book-marts of 
Europe, regarding which his friend Quaritch kept him duly 
advised. With his love for books and with means to gratify 
it, he succeeded in forming a Library which for the number, 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

importance and scarceness of some of the works on specific 
subjects, is unsurpassed in the world to-day. **I have been 
collecting everything I can find in all languages for forty- 
seven years," he wrote in 1897, the year before his death. 
^'In that long time (during which I kept a skilled librarian) 
I succeeded in getting all English books both old and new. 
I also got a very large quantity of all foreign works, especially 
the rarer and older ones. In the line of pamphlets con- 
nected with early telegraphy my collection is quite unique, 
and comprehends 125 volumes. Although I still search cata- 
logues, I rarely find anything that I have not got." 

A few instances by way of illustration: Of the great 
encyclopedic writers of the 13th century, the Library has the 
magnificent folio edition of the Speculum Naturale of Vin- 
cent of Beauvais, printed in 1473; a Sacro Bosco (John of 
Holywood) De Sphera Mundi, 1478, the text expounded by 
Galileo at Padua; a black-letter folio of Albertus Magnus 
De Anima, 1494; Pliny's Natura Historiarum Libri xxxvii, 
1497, with translation, 1634; Bartholomew de Glanville's De 
Proprietatibus Rerum, 15 19; Friar Bacon's celebrated Opus 
Ma jus, written in the 13th century, and edited by Samuel 
Jebb in 1733; and Abbot Neckam's De Naturis Rerum, a 
work of the 12th century, edited by Thomas Wright in 
1863. 

The Library is exceptionally rich in tracts and treatises 
on the lodestone, the mariner's compass, and related sub- 
jects, from the early poems of Lucretius and Claudian to the 
letter which Klaproth wrote to Humboldt in 1834, and Ber- 
telli's memoirs on magnetic history, 1868. To mention but 

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a few: there is the Epistola de Magnete of Petrus Pere- 
grinus, the first great landmark in magnetic philosophy, writ- 
ten in 1269 and printed at Augsburg in 1558, with transla- 
tion, 1904; Blondus De Ventis et Navigatione, 1546; the 
Breve Compendio de la Esfera of Martin Cortes, 155 1 ; Por- 
ta's Magia Naturalis, 1558 and 1589, with translation, 1658 ; 
Gilbert's monumental volume De Magnete, 1600, with trans- 
lation by P. Fleury Mottelay, 1893, ^^^ another by the Gil- 
bert Club of London, with copious notes by Prof. S. P. 
Thompson, 1900; Norman's New Attractive, 1592 — first 
edition 158 1 — containing an account of the author's dis- 
covery of magnetic dip in 1576; Borough's Discourse of the 
Variation of the Compasse^ 1592 — first edition 158 1 — in 
which we find the earliest published measurement of magnetic 
declination made on land, the credit of its discovery on sea 
and of its change with place belonging to Columbus, 1492; 
lastly, Gellibrand's Discourse Mathematical, 1635, which 
contains his discovery of the "secular" variation of declina- 
tion. The "diurnal" change was observed by George Gra- 
ham In 1722, and the "annual" by Jean Dominique Cassini 
some time between 1782 and 1791. 

The idea of a region of force surrounding a magnet and 
the gradual development of this fundamental concept, may be 
traced in the Library from the elementary experiments 
recorded by Lucretius, 99-55 B. c, and the remarkable obser- 
vations of Peregrinus, 1269, to the clear recognition by Nor- 
man in 158 1 of the "Vertue in sphericall forme extending 
rounde about the Stone (lodestone) whose center is the center 
of the aforesaid Vertue," which spherical space was accord- 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

ingly named orbis virtutis by Gilbert in 1600 and filled by 
him with rays of magnetic force, radii virtutis magnetica. 

From the annotations to the present bibliography, it will be 
seen that the Roman poet refers to the magnetic behavior not 
only of light iron rings, but also of iron raspings, ramenta ferri, 
while Peregrinus, and especially Gilbert, studied the nature of 
the force close to the surface of their terrellas by means of 
small magnetic needles. In 1629 Cabeo, a Jesuit of 
Ferrara and an investigator of remarkable ability, returned to 
the use of iron filings when, by plentifully sifting them over a 
fragment of lodestone, he obtained thick tufts at the polar 
ends with curved lines round the equatorial parts. The figure 
on page 316 of his Philosophia Magnetica, 1629, is the first 
representation of the kind that we have of the magnetic 
field, and as such is of special interest. Descartes extended 
this observation in 1650 by placing a number of small mag- 
nets symmetrically round a lodestone and noting the positions 
in which they settled down. The diagrams given by Des- 
cartes in his Principia Philosophia are remarkable, inasmuch 
as they show the continuity of the "lines of force" in the field 
with the lines of induction through the magnet. It is Inter- 
esting to follow up this subject of the "magnetic spectrum" 
from Porta, Descartes, Rohault, and other early writers on 
magnetic philosophy to Faraday, who used the phrase "lines 
of force" in 1831, and Clerk Maxwell, who interpreted the 
"lines" mathematically in 1861. 

The legendary history of the magnet as contained in the 
Library is abundant and amusing, including the flesh magnet 
with Its extraordinary power of adhering to the skin and 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

even of drawing the heart out of a man; the gold magnet 
attracting to itself particles of the precious metal from an 
admixture of sand; the white magnet used as a philter; mag- 
netic unguents of various kinds, one of which, when applied 
to a bald head, would make the hair grow ; magnetic plasters 
for the relief of headaches; magnetic nostrums to cure the 
spleen and the dropsy, to quell disputes and even reconcile 
husband and wife. No less fabulous were the magnetic 
mountains of the North Sea to which the compass-needle 
was said to point, the magnetic island of the Indian Ocean 
which was capable of drawing iron nails from passing ships, 
and the suspension in mid-air of Mahomet's coffin, so often 
repeated by early writers on magnetic phenomena. Equally 
fictitious, was the pernicious effect on the lodestone of 
onions and garlic; and yet so widespread was the popular 
belief in this figment that sailors, while steering by the com- 
pass, were forbidden the use of onions and garlic lest they 
intoxicate the "index of the pole." 

The diamond, too, played an interesting part in the 
evolution of magnetic theory, as a glance at the head- 
ings of certain chapters of some of the older books 
in the Library will suffice to show. It will be seen, for 
instance, that St. Augustine (354-430) records without, how- 
ever, affirming that the diamond is able to rob the lodestone 
of its characteristic property of attraction; while, on the other 
hand. Porta (i 540-1 61 5) affirms that the same precious 
stone is capable of imparting magnetic qualities to iron 
needles. Gilbert ( 1 544- 1 603 ) ^ who esteemed his Neapolitan 



• For date of birth, sec "The Family and Arms of Gilbert of Colchester" by Silvanus 
P. Thompson, F.R.S., p. 4. 

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contemporary as "a philosopher of no ordinary note," never- 
theless suspects this view concerning the diamond to be little 
short of heresy, for he declares in De Magnete lib. iii, that 
he experimented with seventy diamonds in presence of many 
witnesses without ever obtaining the magnetic effect men- 
tioned by Porta. 

The same Gilbert denounces Pliny (23-79) whom he 
calls "the best of compilers" for giving currency in his "Nat- 
ural History" to a magnetic fable concerning a stone said to 
be found in Ethiopia and called theamedes, which stone was 
credited by him with the power of repelling minerals con- 
taining iron, just as the ordinary lodestone has the power of 
attracting them. 

The idea of using the magnetic needle for the transmis- 
sion of intelligence is attributed to the celebrated Cardinal 
Bembo; but the credit of making this imaginary magnetic tel- 
egraph widely known belongs to his distinguished and versa- 
tile friend and countryman, Baptista Porta, who describes the 
manner in which two friends are supposed to convey their 
thoughts to each other in an instant over islands or continents, 
cities or mountains, ocean or desert, by means of a pair of 
"sympathetic" compass-needles having the letters of the 
alphabet written on a dial-plate around them. 

If Porta were in a serious mood when he wrote this chap- 
ter of the seventh book of his Magia NaturaliSj his belief in 
the power of occult influences must have been at least as great 
as that of certain telepathists of our own day. This so-called 
telegraph of Porta attracted general attention during his life- 
time and long after, as well it might, being such a canny con- 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

ceit. It was disproved in 1609 by A. Boetius de Boot; cel- 
ebrated in Latin verse by Famianus Strada in 16 17 — ^metrical 
translations by Hakewill in his Apologie 1630, and by Ward 
in The JVonders of the Loadstone, 1640; denounced in 1629 
by Cabeo, who gives the first drawing of the telegraph on 
p. 302; railed at by Galileo in 1632; described in fine prose 
by Addison in Spectator 241 (1711), and in elegant verse by 
Akenside in Book III of his Pleasures of the Imagination, 

1744. 

References, descriptions, illustrations, approval or con- 
demnation of the sympathetic compasses will be found in 
forty works in the Library, including the detailed account 
given by Daniel Schwenter (J. H. De Sunde) in his Stega^ 
nologia, 1600, and an interesting form of the story by Glan- 
vill in his Scepsis Scientifica; or Confest Ignorance the way 
to Science, 1665. 

Anti-Copernican writers are strongly represented by Kir- 
cher, Cabeo, Schott, Riccioli, Leotaud, Grandami, Dechales 
and Scarella. The ponderous tomes on physical and cosmical 
science written by these men make one wonder that the sys- 
tem of the world put forward in 1543 by the Canon of 
Frauenburg, and based by him on rather slender arguments, 
had vitality enough to survive the blows dealt by such a galaxy 
of churchmen, mathematicians, and astronomers. 

Gilbert, on the other hand, was a staunch advocate of the 
Copernican theory, which he sought to confirm by "new and 
unheard-of" arguments derived from his study of the laws 
and phenomena of magnetism which he carried on for 
twenty years in his workshop at Colchester. Having shown 

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by original experiments and some artful argumentation that 
the earth acts as a colossal magnet, he proceeded to infer that 
its revolution is due to a "magnetic compact" or "alliance" 
between the sun and the earth, for "the sun itself is the mover 
and inciter of the universe." This magnetic theory of the 
movements of the various members of the solar system 
was, nevertheless, a very weak point in Gilbert's armor 
which his continental opponents were not slow in detecting, 
and which, together with his errors on dip and variation, 
they assailed with all the bolts of their well-filled quivers. The 
cause of Copernicanism was not served, and Gilbert's work 
fell into disrepute. The curious episodes of this anti-Gil- 
bertian warfare make very interesting reading in the works 
enumerated above. 

Verbal curiosities hastily gleaned from works in the Li- 
brary would include the coinage of the term affinity by 
Albertus Magnus, barometer by Boyle, gas by van Helmont, 
magnetic inclination by Bond, electric circuit by Watson, elec- 
tric potential by Green,' galvanometer by Gumming, electro- 
magnet by Sturgeon, and telephone by Wheatstone. The 
term electricity occurs for the first time in Sir Thomas 
Browne's Pseudodoxia Epidemica, 1646, page 51 and the 
plural noun electricities on page 79 ; magnetism occurs in Bar- 
lowe's "Magneticall Advertisements," 16 16; while wxaxrpo- 
uayyTfTidfioiyelectro-magnetismoSy is the astonishing title which 
Father Kircher gives to a chapter of his Magnes, sive de 
Arte Magnetica, 1641, beginning on page 640. 

* Laplace introduced the concept of the potential function into analytical investigations, but 
limited its use to problems in gravitation. Green gave the function its name and extended its 
application to electricity and magnetism. 

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The magnetic needle, when used by European navigators, 
was floated by means of straws, wood, or cork. Sometimes, 
too, it was laid across the edge of a light bowl which 
floated in water contained in a larger vessel. Abbot Neckam 
at the end of the twelfth century, wrote of a needle suspended 
on a dart (jaculum) ; Peregrinus introduced the double-piv- 
oted needle in 1 269 ; a filar mode of suspension was devised by 
Camillus Leonardus and described by him in his Speculum 
Lapidum, 1502. The copy of this work, which is in the 
Library, is dated 16 10; the translation, 1750. Stirrups for 
suspending magnets appear on page 28 of Canon Tarde's 
Usages du Quadrant a I'esffuille ay man tee, 1638. 

Two remarks of Bishop Wilkins may here be noticed. 
The first occurs in his Mathematicall Maffick, 1648, and 
states that the **mariner's needle" may be used to steer a boat 
running under water — a fact which is well known to those 
who man our submarines. The second remark occurs in his 
Mercury; or the secret and swift messenger, 1641, and refers 
to a machine of which it is said : "When the friend to whom 
it is sent shall receive and open it, the words shall come out 
distinctly and in the same order as when they were spoken." 
This is a near approach to the mechanical reproduction of 
sound by our modern phonographs. 

Another illustration of the aphorism nil sub sole novi, 
will be found in a passage of the Philosophe sans Pretentions, 
ou Vhomme rare, published in Paris in 1775, in which the 
impact of light or the pressure due to radiation is used for the 
purpose of doing mechanical work. The words of "D. L. F.," 
the author, are: "Observez que la percussion de la lumiere 

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agit actuellement au-dessous de ma mechanique, c'est elle qui 
va m'enlever sans beaucoup d'efiforts," p. 32. The work was, 
of course, one of pure imagination. 

Of the beginnings of electricity, copious references will 
be found to amber and jet and their attraction for straws, 
chaff, and light bodies. The first original work of any extent 
on the general subject is Book II, of Gilbert's De Magnete, 
1600, which, though abounding in original experiments on 
electrical attraction, makes no mention whatever of electrical 
repulsion. It stands out as a singular fact in the history of 
electrical discovery that an experimenter of Gilbert's diligence 
and ability should have failed to detect the mutual action of 
similarly electrified bodies, the discovery of that capital effect 
being reserved for Cabeo, who carefully describes it on page 
194 of his Philosophia Magnetica, 1629, the description be- 
ing here reproduced. 

Apropos of nomenclature, Robert Symmer recognized in 
his New Experiments and Observations, 1760, that ^^negative 
electricity is in reality a positive, active power," a remark 
which appears to be justified by the activity and energy of 
our contemporary electrons, or atoms of electricity, as well as 
by a number of other electrical phenomena. 

The evolution of the Leyden jar may be studied in the 
works of Winkler, of Leipzig, and Musschenbroek, of Ley- 
den, and notably in the letters which Franklin wrote to his 
friend CoUinson, of London, 1747.49. It is sometimes 
stated that Franklin was the first to ignite gunpowder by 
means of the electric spark, and that he did so in June, 175 1. 
This is an error, inasmuch as Dr. Watson describes, in his 

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Experiments and Observations, 1746, page 40, a method 
which he successfully employed for firing gunpowder. Wat- 
son's book was well known to Franklin. 

The development of the electrical machine may be fol- 
lowed from the . sulphur-ball of von Guericke to the glass- 
globe of Newton, the glass-cylinder of Andrew Gordon, the 
Benedictine, the plate-machine of Martin de Planta of Sus 
in Switzerland, 1755, and the double-cushion plate-machine 
of Sigaud de la Fond, 1756. It will be seen that Winkler, 
of Leipzig, substituted for the palm of the hand — ^which was 
the rubber of early times — a leather cushion, which Canton 
afterwards covered with an amalgam of tin and mercury, 
thereby greatly increasing the output of the machine. 

Among Galvani's predecessors the first place belongs to 
the celebrated Dutch naturalist, Swammerdam, who describes 
in his Biblia Natura, page 839, experiments which he made 
in 1658 in presence of his munificent patron the Grand Duke 
of Tuscany, and in which he obtained muscular contractions 
of froffs' legs by using a pair of silver and copper wires. 

Analogous experiments were made in 1784, and pub- 
lished in 1786 by Cotugno, professor of anatomy in the 
University of Naples, to the effect that he felt a benumbing 
sensation in his hand while dissecting a mouse which had 
bitten one of his students; but it was not, however, until 
Galvani published in his De Virihus Electricitatis, 1791, an 
account of experiments which he began in 1786, that the sub- 
ject of "animal electricity," as it was called, commenced to 
attract serious attention. 

Among Volta's predecessors should be reckoned Sulzer, 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 
the Swiss aesthetical writer who, in a paper which he sent 
to the Berlin Academy in 1760 entitled Theorie der Angeneh- 
men und unangenehmen Empfindungen, and which was pub- 
lished in 1762, notes the peculiar taste produced when strips 
of lead and silver, lying one above and the other below the 
tongue, are momentarily brought into contact. See also Sul- 
ztr*s Nouvelle Theorie des plaisirs, 1767, page 155. 

Nor should Professor Robison, of Edinburgh, be for- 
gotten, who, in 1793, constructed what he called a rouleau, 
and which was nothing else than an early form of an electric 
column, or "pile." "I had a number of pieces of zinc," wrote 
Robison to Richard Fowler, "made of the size of a shilling, 
and made them into a rouleau with as many shillings. If the 
side of the rouleau be applied to the tongue so that all the 
pieces are touched by it the irritation is very strong and 
disagreeable."'® 

In 1802, two years after the invention of the voltaic pile, 
Romagnosi, of Trent, just missed discovering the magnetic 
effect of the electric current. In his letter, which appeared in 
the "Gazetta," of Trent, August 3, 1802, he says that he 
connected one end of a silver chain to a battery; and having 
passed the other, terminating in a little knob, through a glass 
tube for the purpose of insulation, he brought the knob close 
to the extremity of an insulated compass-needle, when he no- 
ticed that the needle was attracted and, after contact, repelled. 

Govi gives the letter textually in his paper, entitled: 
Romagnosi e VElettro-Magnetismo, 1869, remarking that the 



>* Fowler : ** Experiments and Observations,** p. 173. See also Encyclop. Brit., i860, 
Vol. i., p. 963. 

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attraction and repulsion said to have been observed by the ex- 
perimenter, were electrostatic and not electromagnetic effects. 

Mojon, an eminent professor of chemistry of Genoa, was 
also on the verge of an epoch-making discovery, when, in 
1804, he placed steel needles for a period of twenty days in 
circuit with a battery of one hundred elements of the crown- 
of-cups type, and observed that they were permanently mag- 
netized when removed from the circuit. See Izarn, Manuel 
du Galvanisme, 1804; also Aldini, Essai theorique et experu 
mental sur le Galvanisme, 1 804. 

Both Romagnosi and Mojon, however, failed to follow 
up the pregnant experiments which they made, thus leaving 
the field clear for Oersted, of Copenhagen, to announce to 
the world the discovery of the magnetic effect of the electric 
current, which he did in his pamphlet of four quarto pages 
printed in 1820 under the title "Experimenta circa effectum 
conflictus electrici in acum magneticam," a copy of which is 
in the Library. This capital discovery of the Dutch philoso- 
pher led Arago in France and Davy in England to mag- 
netize steel needles by inserting them in a coil of wire convey- 
ing a current. Sturgeon, in 1825, replaced the hard steel by 
soft iron, and was thus the first to make an electromagnet as 
we know it to-day. He also applied the term electromagnet 
to the apparatus itself, a term which was adopted at once. 

The student of the mathematical theory of the electrical 
current and its dynamical effects will be glad to have at hand 
Ampere's papers, 1820-25, which contain a masterly analysis 
of the phenomena; Ohm's "Galvanische Kette," 1827; and 
Green's '^Essay on the application of mathematical analysis to 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

the theories of electricity and magnetism," printed at Not- 
tingham in 1828. In the opinion of Mr. Clark, this Essay 
is "one of the most important works ever written on elec- 
tricity." Copies of this (first) edition are extremely rare. 

The older modes of transmitting signals by lanterns, 
flags, and semaphores, are fully described by the inventors of 
the various systems whose works are in the Library. An 
illustration of the scant encouragement which inventors fre- 
quently receive from people in high places will be found in the 
letter which Mr. Barrow wrote to Ronalds, and in which the 
representative of the British Government says: **Mr. Barrow 
presents his compliments to Mr. Ronalds and acquaints him 
with reference to his note of the 3rd inst. that telegraphs of 
any kind are wholly unnecessary ; and that no other than the 
one in use will be adopted." Mr. Barrow must have forgot- 
ten when penning these lines how efficiently his mechanical 
telegraph worked when the result of the battle of Salamanca 
(July 22, 1 8 12) was semaphored from Plymouth to Lon- 
don, on which occasion the message was interrupted by a fog 
after the transmission of the first two words, viz., "Welling- 
ton defeated." The remainder of the dispatch, "the French 
at Salamanca," reached the capital only on the following 
morning. 

It must be stated that Ronalds was not the first to use 
static electricity in 18 16 for the transmission of signals, for 
such a mode was suggested in the Scots Magazine, 1753, ^^^ 
carried out in 1774 by Lesage of Geneva. On page 273 of 
the present volume will be found a facsimile reproduction 
of a letter in which Ronalds refers to a proposal made in 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

1777 by Volta to use his electrophorus as an instrument for 
the transmission of signals to a distance. 

As to the use of the electrical current for telegraphic 
purposes, information may be found in the Library on the 
early systems, including that of Soemmering of Munich, 1809, 
whose electrolytic receiver consisted of as many small volt- 
ameters as there are letters in the alphabet. Following the 
discovery of the magnetic effect of the current by QErsted in 
1820, Ampere showed how the deflection of a common multi- 
plier could be used for sending signals. In 1830, Schilling 
of Gottingen constructed a receiving instrument with five ver- 
tical needles, and another in 1835 with a single needle. It 
was one of these that W. Fothergill Cooke saw in Heidel- 
berg in 1836 and which suggested to him the Cooke and 
Wheatstone apparatus of 1837. Reference should also be 
made to the operative bell-signal telegraph of Henry, 1832, 
and the needle telegraph of Gauss and Weber, 1833. 

Professor Morse turned his attention, as we are told, to 
the subject of electric telegraphy in 1832 ; but it was not until 
1837 that an experimental demonstration of his system was 
given, in which year Edward Davy publicly operated a needle- 
telegraph in London. The first line in the United States was 
opened between Baltimore and Washington in 1 844, whereas 
the first line for public service in England was in operation 
between Paddington (London), and Drayton, in 1839. 

Of books, pamphlets, and documents relating to land and 
submarine telegraphy few of any importance escaped Mr. 
Clark's attention. "During the first thirty of the forty years 
I was collecting," wrote Mr. Clark, "I secured every elec- 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

trical work that was published in England (including pamph- 
lets), besides all I could hear of that were published in for- 
eign languages. I was so lucky, too, in digging out the old 
books, that I can boast of possessing nearly every English 
work on the subject up to 1886 or 1888, after which they be- 
came painfully numerous. I have all the few very scarce and 
interesting sixpenny and shilling pamphlets which appeared 
when the telegraph first came into existence — ^they are now 
extremely rare. I have also, I think, all the scarce old his- 
tories and treatises on the magnetic needle by English and 
foreign writers, some of which are very interesting." 

One instance by way of illustration : the pages of U Illus- 
tration for August 26, 1854, contained an article by one 
Charles Bourseul, of Paris, in which he claimed that the 
spoken word could be transmitted to a distance, say from 
Paris to Vienna, by a method which he devised Involving the 
use of a battery, a pair of metallic plates, and connecting 
wires. His apprehension of the fundamental principle of the 
telephone was clear and accurate, and his brief description 
of it very much the same as we give to-day. "One person," 
he says, "will have to speak to one of the plates while the 
other holds the second to his ear, thus enabling the former 
to converse as if in private with his distant friend." "Quoi- 
qu'il arrive," he prophetically concludes, "il est certain que 
dans un avenir plus ou moins eloigne, la parole sera trans- 
mise a distance J' ^^ 

It does not appear, however, that this system of telepho- 

11 Details of the invention will be found in Du Moncefs <* Expose des Applications de 
rElectricite.** Vol. iii., p. no. Bourseul died in 1907, and for some years previously had 
received a pension from the French government. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

fling, which antedated the experiments of Philipp Reis by 
seven years, and those of Graham Bell by twenty-two years, 
was ever put to any practical test. Reis called his instrument 
the telephone, though the term had been used by Wheatstone 
twenty years before. 

An account of BourseuPs invention appeared in the 
Didaskalia, of Frankfort-on-Main, on Sept. 28, 1854, a 
translation of which, accompanied by remarks, was sent by 
Mr. Clark to the London Electrician, in the columns of 
which periodical it appeared on October 28, 1890. 

Besides telegraphy and telephony, the early history of 
insulation and insulators, of electro-deposition and electro- 
magnetic motors, is well represented in the Library. 

Reference to the Clark collection was made in the Journal 
of Proceedings of the Institution of Electrical Engineers, 
1899, in these words: "The Library, so far as electrical 
works are concerned, is unequalled. There are few, if any, 
works of importance missing. All are preserved and bound 
with the lover's conception of appropriateness and perma- 
nence, and, in many cases, they have valuable annotations re- 
garding the significance of the facts disclosed in them." 

It was Mr. Clark's wish that this valuable collection of his 
should eventually be transferred to the United States, inas- 
much as London was already in permanent possession of the 
Library of Sir Francis Ronalds. Failing an American pur- 
chaser, it was to go to Japan, "a rising country which would 
greatly value such a unique collection." Thus wrote Mr. 
Clark to Mr. P. Fleury Mottelay, of New York, on February 
21, 1898, eight months before his death. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

But fortunately for us the Library did not go to the land 
of the Rising Sun, for, thanks to the commendable public 
spirit of Dr. Schuyler Skaats Wheeler, it found a home in our 
metropolitan city. 

Mr. Clark was not only an ardent collector of electrical 
works, but also a careful reader, annotator and critic of 
the books which he purchased. This gave him a rare acquaint- 
ance with the history of electrical science, which led him at 
different times to correct certain errors of chronology and to 
assign credit where it was not usually given. 

When we say that Mr. Clark was a methodical and inde- 
fatigable worker, we have said enough to account for the 
professional, scientific, and bibliographic work which he 
accomplished. Though he had passed the threescore-and-ten 
limit, he was at his office in Westminster on Friday, October 
29, 1898. This was, however, destined to be his last visit; 
for, on his return home, he was taken suddenly ill; and 
complications following, he breathed his last on October 30. 

Mr. Clark was a man of uniform temperament and amia- 
ble disposition, respected far and wide for his personal quali- 
ties as well as for his engineering and scientific achievements. 
He had a keen appreciation of character, and was able to 
grasp the salient points of a question promptly. His works 
reveal the diligent and painstaking student; his historical crit- 
icisms and appreciations show wide research; his accuracy 
recalls the sixth decimal of the chemist and physicist. 

In the preparation of the annotations which follow, an 
effort was made to draw attention to all matters of primary 
importance, especially in the earlier and rarer works; some 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

must, however, have escaped the notice of the writer, while 
others may have been crowded out by the limits imposed. 

To Mr. Lyonel Clark, we are indebted for several com- 
munications relative to the Library, for which we offer our 
acknowledgments. 

The writer acknowledges with gratitude the help that 
he received throughout the preparation of this volume from 
Mr. W. D. Weaver, chairman of the Library Committee, 
the uniform courtesy of the members of that committee, and 
also the helpful remarks made on reading the proofs by 
Dr. Hellmann, of Berlin; Prof. Silvanus P. Thompson, of 
London; Mr. A. W. Pollard, of the British Museum, and 
Mr. P. Fleury Mottelay, of New York, whose "Chronolog- 
ical History of Electricity and Magnetism" shortly to appear 
in book form, was also of assistance. 




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SECTION I 



Main Portion of Collection 



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SECTION I 



Main Portion of Collection 



I. Vincentius, Bellovacensis (Vincent of Beauvais.) (i 190-1264.) 
Speculum naturale. One vol. in two parts. Two columns to 
page, 66 lines to column. 367+327 1. Folio. Argentorati 
["The peculiar R printer" (Adolph Rusch?)] Strashurg [1473] 
Part of a famous encyclopaedia of the Middle Ages; other volumes of 
which were entitled "Speculum Morale/' "Speculum Historiale/' and 
"Speculum Doctrinale." Book v.: Thunder, ch. 55; lightning, ch. 59; 
shooting-stars, ch. 72; rainbow, ch. 74. Book ix.: the magnet in general, 
ch. 19: magnetic quotation from St. Augustine, ch. 20; uses of the magnet 
in medicine, ch. 21; a species of "adamant** (magnet) useful in navigation 
for directive purposes (mariner's compass), ch. 40. As in the case of many 
early incunabula, no title page was printed. The date 1468 has also been 
assigned to the present edition. This monumental work was printed no less 
than ten times between 1468 (?) and 1497. (See No. 1349, Bourgeat.) 

s. Sacro Bosco, Joannes de (John of Holywood.) (13th century.) 
Spera mundi feliciter incipit, 29 1. ill. 4to. Venezia, per Adam 
de Rottueil. Venice, 147S 

The first edition of this very rare work on astronomy appeared in 147a, 
and continued to be the standard text-book on the subject for a long time. 
No reference is made either to the lodcstone or to amber. Sacro Bosco, 
educated at Oxford, was professor of mathematics in the University of Paris 
some time in the 13th century. 

2a.— •— Sphaerae mundi compendium foeliciter inchoat. 48 1. ill. & 
I pi. 4to. Venetiis, Octavius Scotus. Venice, 1490 

Commentary on part of Ptolemy's Almagest; a favorite manual with the 
Schoolmen; no reference to the magnet. 
— See also- 17. 

3. Albertus Magnus. (1205-1280.) De anima libri iii. De intellectu 
et intelligibili Hbri ii. 2+68+71 +3+73+ 1 & 1+23+5+124 1. 
Folio. Venetiis, per Joannem de Forliuio et Gregorium fratres. 

Venice, 1494 

In addition to the above treatises on the soul and the intellect, this work con- 
tains four books on meteors and eight books on physics: thunder, meteors, 
book iii, p. 35; magnetic attraction, book vii, p 96, and book viii, p. 113. 

Albert the Great was a Dominican and Bishop of Ratisbonne. Copies of 

this beautiful edition are very rare. 

— See also 6, 8, 19. 140. 

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«c ropinn oi<Ilnm eil>x oincrfin ancotnlan boe 
opno otcjctnm eft« vt fciatnr qnio oii? fit: fingu 
btum ^iAib coram nob annotaui • ac nc Fadle 
tranfponcrftnr oc lode A>a'|0 mequan 1 maroi 
neficntfit f pialteno globco Ac cpiflolid paoli 
Ac in fenccntii««rco fccr linean i^rficnt Fedt| 
dan? in conpibcAnc eanonA)ea inurrai' Intero 
mmeaqttciprcvdamaio2^?ncin fcynoocr 
Bteood«Mibnn oioid: vd fai qaernaoa} fedpdn 
nottbAia rcipcnt nonfe mco io eft antorfo fdcn 
lani- Ulno aat< le^lotcn non bteacnA nulla in 
boe opere maxte que oc gcflin ran<3orA nardrA 
AC confeflbrA nA in pcnicun abbrcuiau dTct vd 
volui -quia nimiiA aifB quoc^ ftnoTin p obcof aj 



jKptUi feo pieraq) p nidf necado^ abbicabw* 



1. VINCENTWS. iFirst pagi, much rgducid.) 



SO 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

4. Plixiius, Caius Secundus. (23-79.) Naturae historiarum libri 

xxxvii, e castigationibus Hermolai Barbari quam emendatis- 
sime editi. 254 1. Large folio. Venetiis, per B. Benaliuin. 

Venice^ 1497 
Celebrated work on natural history; references to thunder and lightning, book 
ii., ch. 45; rainbow, book ii., ch. 61; the lodestone, book xxxvi, ch. 16. 

4a. English translation by Philemon Holland, 2nd edition, vol. i, 

Folio. London, A. I slip. London, 1634 

Statiie in mid-air, 575; Ethiopian repelling magnet, 587; the lodestone, 587. 

5. Leonardus, Camillus. (Flour. i6th cent.) De sestertio pecuniis pon- 

deribus et mensuris antiquis, libri duo. 36 1. 4to. {1510T) 

Treatise on ancient moneys, weights and measures. 
— Sec also 54, 83. 

6. Albertus Magnus. (1205-1280.) De natura locorum Librum mira 

eruditione et singular! fruge refertum et jam primum summa 
diligentia reuisum, in lucem editum quern leges diligentius si 
uel cosmographia uel physica profecisse te uolueris. Viennae, 
Austriae. 52 1. Sm. 4to. Vienna, 1314 

Tract on physical geography. Ch. v. contains reference to magnetic attrac- 
tion and repulsion; ch. vii., to the flesh magnet and magnetic mountains, 
both of which were magnetic myths. Scarce. 
— See also 3. 

7. Cusa, Nicolaus de. (1401-1464.) Haec accurata recognitio trittm 

voluminum operum. 3 vols, in i. Folio. Parisiis, ex officina 
Ascensiana. Paris, 1314 

Very rare work of the learned Cardinal, containing references to the at- 
tractive power of the magnet, vol. i, fol. 96, and vol. ii, fols. 86, 123, 195. 
This work contains description of first known hygroscope. 

8. Albertus Magnus. (1205-1280.) De mineralibus - - - libri 

quinque. 57 1. 4to. Augustae Vindelicorum. Augsburg, 1519 
The author quotes Aristotle freely, refers to the lodestone, and alludes to the 
danger caused by submerged magnetic rocks to ships containing iron nails. 
In Book ii., tract 3, ch. vi., he quotes Aristotle to the effect that 
some lodestones attract gold, silver, copper and tin, while others 
attract the Aesh and bon€ of man — one of the current magnetic myths. 
— See also 3. 
g. Glanvilla, Bartholomaeus de. (14th century.) Opus de proprieta- 
tibus rerum. 192 1. Folio. Nuremberge, Joannis Koberger. 

Nuremberg^ 1519 
Cyclopaedia which was very popular in the 14th, 15th and i6th centuries; 
the author was a Franciscan friar and member of the family of the Earls 
of Suffolk. lie wrote about 1250. The first edition with a date appeared in 
1480. The book was translated into most European languages. Book xvi, 
ch. 63, contains references to iron rings suspended from a magnet; a statue 
suspended in mid-air by magnetic attraction (a myth). Book xi., ch. 13, 
treats of thunder, and ch. 14, of ligntning. 

10. Augustine, Saint (354-430.) De civitate Dei. li X.+'fij PP. Folio. 
Basileae, apud J. Frobenium. Basle^ IS^J 

The author of this famous work describes on p. 714 how a scrap of iron rest- 
ing on a alver dish follows a lodestone moving under the dish; p. 720, a 
lodestone attracts iron but not straw; p. 718, in a certain temple (of 

51 



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3. ALBERTUS MAGNUS— Book tii., fol. 96. (M«rA reduced,) 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

Alexandria) lodestoncs were fixed in the roof so that an iron statue remained 
suspended in mid-air. This is one of the magnetic myths that enjoyed cur- 
rency for many centuries. (Sec No. 47b.) 

II. Vegetins, Renatus Flavius. (4th century.) De Tartc militare. 
Novamente tradotta. 99 1. i6mo. Vinezia, per B. di Vitale. 

Venice, 1524 

Early work on military tactics; no reference to electric or magnetic matters. 

IS. Marbodeus. (1035-1125.) De lapidibus pretiosis enchiridion, cum 

scholiis Pictorii Villingensis. Eiusdem Pictorii de lapide mo- 

lari carmen. S5+i 1. i2mo. no pi. (Parisiis, C. Wechelus.) 

Paris, IS3J 
Collection of Latin poems principally on gems. Two of them are of 
special interest, viz: the one on jet beginning folio 38, and the other on the 
lodestone, fol. 41. An English translation is printed in King's Precious Stones 
(London, 1870). Marbodeus (Marboeuf) was Archbishop of Rennes in Brit- 
tany. 
— See also 40. 

13. Finaeus, Orontius. (1494-1555.) Protomathesis : opus varium ac 

scitu non minus utile quam jucundum nunc primum in lucem 
feliciter emissum. 8+207 1. ill. Folio. Parisiis. Paris, 1532 
Treatise on arithmetic, geometry and cosmography. The last part of the 
work treats of the construction of clocks. The illustrations are numerous. 

14. Peurbach, Georg von. (1423-1461.) Novae theoriae planetarum. 

40 1. ill. i2mo. Venetiis, per Melchiorem Sessa. Venice, 1534 
Pamphlet on the motion of the planets highly considered in its time. 

15. StoefiFler, Johann. (1452-1531.) Variorum Astrolabiorum com- 

positio seu fabrica necnon eorundem usuum ac variarum uti- 
litatum explanatio. 8 1.+77 1. ill. Folio. Moguntiae, P. Jordan. 

Mayence, 153s 
(Compendium of astronomy printed eight years before the death of 
Copernicus. 

i6.* Mela, Pomponius. (Flour, ist cent.) De situ orbis, libri tres ; cum 
annotationibus Petri Joannis Oliuarii Valentini, no pp. Lu- 
tetiae. Ex. officina Christiani Wecheli. i2mo. Paris, 1336 
Famous work on geography written in the first century of the Christian 
era. 
—See also 80. 

17. Mauro, Fiorentino. (1494-1556.) Sphera volgare novamente tra- 
dotta (from the Latin of J. de Sacro Bosco), con molte no- 
tande additioni di geometria, cosmographia, arte navigatoria, 
et stereometria, proportioni et quantita delli elementi, distanze, 
grandeze, et moviraenti di tutti li corpi celesti. 56 1. ill. 4to. 
Venctia, B. Zanetti. Venice, 1537 

This treatise was published six years before the death of 
Copernicus. The earth is represented in one of the chapters p. 12 as the 
center of the universe round which revolve the sun and planets. The 
mariner's compass is represented on the title-page which also contains a 
globe with the name Ameirica written for America. Page 57 has another 
globe with the name properly written. A meridian line with compass oc- 
curs on p. 61 and again on p. 84; see also p. 93. 
— Sec also a. 

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9. GLANVILLA. (Reduced.) 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

i8.* Strabo. (66-28 B. C) Geographicorum libri xvii. item, 

epitomae eorundem decern & septem de geographia librorum. 
44 I.-I-549 PP+12 1. Folio. Basileae, apud Joan Vualdcr. 

Basle, 1539 

The world as known to the ancients; celebrated work of the eminent Greek 
geographer. 

19. Lolly, Raymond. (Raymundus, Lullius.) (i235?-i3i5.) De 
secretis naturae siue quinta essentia libri duo. Accesserunt 
Albertus Magnus, De mineralibus et rebus metallicis libri 
aninque. 4-|-i83-f-4 1. ill. i2mo. Argentorati, apud Balthas- 
sarum Beck. Strasburg, J541 

This irolume contains a work of Lully, the Enlightened Doctor, on medical 
subjects and of Albertus Magnus on minerals. Properties of rubbed lyn- 
curius, I. 106; the lodestone, 1. 107; the flesh magnet, L 107; other magnetic 
myths, I. 107. Lully was the author of more than 400 works. 
— See also 3. 

ao. Hartmann, Georg. (1489-1564.) Nine Astronomical charts, sq. 
4to. Nuremberg, 1342 

The charts are not accompanied hy text. Hartmann, vicar of the church 
of St. Sebaldus, Nuremberg, wrote a letter to Count Albert of Prussia, 
dated March 4, 1544, in which he clearly recognizes magnetic inclination, 
or dip. The letter remained unpublished for nearly 300 years and could 
not have been known to Robert Norman when he discovered the dip of the 
magnetic needle in 1576 and which he records in his Newe Attracfwt, 1581. 
See No. 66 (Ed. 1592). Hartmann was in Rome in 1510, where he found 
the declination to be 6° K This is probably the earliest determination of 
magnetic declination on land; its discovery on sea is due to Columbus (Sept. 
13, 1492), to whom we also owe the discovery of its variation with change 
of place. According to Hellmann's Rara Magnetica, the first printed record 
of magnetic declination is that of Francisco Falero in his Tratado del 
Esphera, an exceedingly rare book published in 1535* See also Bauer's 
"United States Magnetic Declination Tables and Isogonic Charts," 190a. 

31. Ulstadius, P(hilippus). (Flour. i6th cent.) Coelum philosophorum 

seu secreta naturae. 8 1.+95 1- iH- i2mo. Parisiis, apud 
Viuntium Gaultherot Paris, 1544 

Collection of medical prescriptions. First-edition, Freiburg, 1525. 

32. Apianus, (Bienewitz) Petrus. (i 495-1 552). Cosmographia 

3+66 1. ill. & charta cosmographica opera Aeg. Diesthemij. 
Antwerpiae, 4to. Antwerp, IS45 

This treatise on cosmography enjoyed a high reputation in the i6th cen- 
tury; the first edition appeared in 1524. The word compass, compassus, oc* 
curs on fol. 10 and again on fol. ao. The illustration on fol. 10 shows a 
compass, one pole of which is connected by a dotted line with the pole-star. 
Fol. 30 contains a chapter on America in which Americus Vespucius is 
mentioned but Columbus is ignored. There are several interesting sectional 
(movable) figures. 

23. Pontano, Giovanni Giovano. (i 426-1 503.) Liber de meteoris cum 
interpretatione Viti Amerbachii. 10 I.+22S pp.+3 1. i2mo. 
Argentorati, apud Cratonem Mylium. Strasburg, 154$ 

Collection of 49 poems on natural phenomena,* such as hail, 
rainbows, comets, winds, earthquakes, effects of thunder, llallam considers 
Pontano one of the finest Latin poets of the fifteenth century. 

55 



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17. UAURO. (Rtductd.) 
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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

24. Blondus, Michael Angelus. (i 497-1 560.) De ventis et naviga- 

tione ... cum accuratissima descriptione distantiae. 
18 1. ill. 4to. Venctijs, Montisferrati. Venice, JS46 

The writer gives on fol. 14, ch. xxiii., a careful description of the com- 
pass including theory and rules for use. The compass is called on fol. 15 
pixis or bttxolus, c/., the French boussole. Very rare. 

25. Alexander Aphrodisiensis. (End of 2d century.) Quaestiones 

locorum interni maris, & oceani, a Gadibus ad novum orbem 
naturales; de anima, morales; sive difficilium dubitationum & 
solutionum libri iiii. 8 I.+297 pp.-|-3 1. i2mo. Basileae, per 
Joannem Oporinum. Basle, 1548 

This ancient work contains a chapter purporting to show why a magnet at- 
tracts iron. 

26. Ariatoteles. (384-322 B. C.) Commentarii in physicam Ari- 

stotelis. 7+293+27 1. i2mo. (Title page lacking.) 1548 

Reference, p. 187, to "electrum vel succinum" (amber). 
— See also 31. 

27. Affaitato, Fortunio. (? — 1550.) Phisicae ac astronomicae consi- 

derationes. 36 1. i2mo. Venetius, apud Nicolaum de Bascarinis. 

Venice, 1549 

Fancied reference to magnetic dipt fol. xo; clear statement of declination, 
fol. XX ; magnetic attraction discussed, fols. ao-as. This is a copy of the 
first edition, which is extremely rare. 

2& Aurifaber, Andre. (1512-1559.) Succini historia. MS. transla- 
tion of chapter VIII. 2 1. Folio. Konigsbcrg, 1331 
A few quaint remarks on amber and the lodestone. 

29. Cortes, Martin. (? — 1582.) Breve compendio de la sphera y de 

la arte de nauegar con nuevos instrumentos y reglas exem- 
plificado con muy subtiles demonstrationes. 95+3 1. ill. pi. 
8vo. Sevilla, Anton Alvarez. ' Seville, J551 

A salient feature of this early work on navigation is a chapter beginning 
on fol. 72 in which the magnetic declination is discussed; fol. 61 shows 
a circular diagram with radiating lines, 32 in number, corresponding to the 
points of the compass; fol. 69 has a chapter on the properties of the lode> 
stone and the manner of making ships' compasses. 

30. Encelius, Christ oph (Entzelt) (? — 1583.) De re metallica, hoc 

est, de origine, varietate, et natura corporum, metallicorum, 
lapidum, etc. libri iii. 8 I.+271 pp. ill. i2mo. Franc (of urti), 
apud Chr. Egenolphum. Frankfort, 1551 

Work on metallurgy; reference to the magnet, p. 173; to Jet, x8i; and to 
amber, 194. 

31. Ariatoteles. (384-322 B. C.) De anima libri tres. Joanne Argy- 

ropylo Byzantio interprete. Q3 pp.+i 1. i2mo. Lugduni, apud 
T. Paganum. Lyons, 1554 

Latin translation by Argyropylus; reference to the lodestone, lib. i, p. ix. 

32. De coelo libri quatuor, Joanne Argyropylo Byzantio interprete. 

115 pp. lamo. Lugduni, apud T. Paganum. Lyons, 1554 

Argyropylus, the accomplished translator of this work on motion, the earth 
and eloncntary bodies, died in Italy about 1490. 

J-S S7 



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pixiiisdefcriptione^quo diuetmlgdhitis tiAm<fJM'UQmisfi€i&U,f€riidu^ .n. 
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cr iUe 9ios plurimum d'lcxit • 




PI XIS iiclAftxoliiiirtjInmitnbaiier Aix niuigdiuim* 



24. BLOND US, {Reduced.) 
58 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

33- I^e gcnerationc ct corruptione libri duo, Francisco Vatablo in- 

terprete. 67 pp. i2mo. Lugduni, apud T. Paganum. 

Lyons, 1554 

Properties of elementary bodies; the translator was Frangois Vatable, a 
French priest, who died in 1547. 

24. Meteorologicorum libri quatuor, Francisco Vatablo interprete. 

156 pp. ill. i2mo. Lugduni, apud T. Paganum. Lyons, 1554 

Treatise on general meteorological phenomena; translated by Vatable. 

35. Physicorum Aristotelis, seu de natural! auscultatione, libri octo. 

Joanne Argyropylo Byzantio & Francisco Vatablo inter- 
pretibus. 215 pp. i2mo. Lugduni, apud G. Rovillium. 

Lyons, ISS4 

Treatise on physics. Bound in are two sheets of illuminated MS. 

36.— —De sensu et s^nsili, memoria et reminiscentia, somno 
et vigilia, insomniis, divinatione in somno, longitudine et 
brevitate vitae, iuventute. et senectute, et vita et morte, et 
respiratione, Francisco Vatablo interprete. 11 1 pp. i2mo. 
Lugduni, apud T. Paganum. Lyons, 1554 

Tracts on the senses, memory, sleep, old age and death, translated by 
Vatable. 
— Sec also 26. 

37.* Cardano, (Girolamo). (1501-1576.) De subtilitate, libri xxi. 12 
l.-f56i pp. ill. portr. Folio. Basileae, apud Ludovicum Lucium. 

Basle, 1554 
Famous work of the celebrated Italian physician, mathematician and writer 
on physical science. Gagates, 157; amber, 158; difference between electric 
and magnetic attraction, 158; different classes of magnets, 213. First edition. 
1550. 

37a. Another edition. 718 PP.+29 1. ill. sm. 8vo. Lugduni, apud 

Gulielmum Rovillium. Lyons, 1559 

Cardan is known to mathematical readers by his method of solving cubic 
equations. In this treatise on the SubtUty of Things, the author gives his 
views on the lodestone in book viii. On p. 278 he refers to magnetic declina- 
tion, saying that the pole-star is Hve parts to the east of the pole of the world. 

37b.— —-Les livres de H. Cardanus intitules de la subtilite, etc., 
subtiles inventions ensemble les causes occultes et raisons 
d'icelles. Traduit du Latin en Frangois par R. le Blanc. 4 1. 
+391 1+26 1. ill. 4to. Paris, Foucher. Paris 1336 

Translation by Richard Le Blanc. On fol. 147 it is stated on the authority 
of Albertus Magnus that Aristotle was acquainted with the boeste nautique, 
the mariner's compass. The hyacinth (stone) is said, fol. 132, to afford com- 
plete protection against lightning. The phenomena of thunder and lightning 
described on fola. 387, 388. 
— See also 45, 79. 

38. Belon, Pierre. (1517-1564.) Les observation* de plusieurs 
singularitez et choses memorables, trouvees en Grece, Asie, 
Judee, Egypte, Arabic & autres pays estranges, &c. 4+^75+ 
33 1. ill. i2mo. (Title page missing.) Anvers, chez Chr. Plantin. 

Antwert>, 1333 
Fol. 16a contains remarks on the use of the lodestone for navigatin(( pur- 
on fol. 338 the statement is made that when yellow amber is rubbed, 

59 



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AD P A VL VM-T TV 

PONTIPICBM FORTVNATiSSI 

mum Optimum Maximum^^?ortumiAff4yt4ti 

PbificUdt^ TheologUf hijtc£4c Afhram 

nomicd cofldtraiionts. Qjuarum 

Catdogui Uirfd pAgiiu 

€otifpicUur» 




VfiNETIIS M D XLIX 
CVM fmviLBGlO. 

27. AFFAITATO. 



60 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

it attracts iron as the lodestone does, fol. 317; also the usual reference to 
the suspension of Mahomet's coffin. 

39.* Fracastoro, (Girolamo). (1483-1553) Opera omnia, in unum 
proxime post illius mortem collecta - - - accesserunt 
Andreae Naugerii patricii Veneti, orationes duae canninaq 
nonnulla. 6-f 285 pp., portr. 4to. Venetiis, apud Juntas. 

Venice, 1555 
Astronomical, metaphysical and especially medical subjects. References to 
magnetic and electric attraction; attractive property of rubbed diamond. 
The author was poet, physician and philosopher; the volume includes his 
extraordinary poem de morbo gallico. 

40. Marbodeus. (1035-1123.) Dactylotheca. - - - nunc altera 

vice, supra priorem aeditionem illustrata. Item de lapide 
molari et de Cote carmen panegyricum, eodem autore Georgio 
Pictorio. 8 I.+80 pp. i2mo. Basileae, per Henrichum Petri. 

Basle, 1555 
Poem on jet (gagates), p. 40; on the magnet, p. 55; rare. 
— See also 12. 

41. Medina, Pedro da, (about 1493 — ?) L'arte del navegar, in la qual 

si contengono le regole, dechiarationi, secreti & auisi, alia 
bona naucgation necessarij - - - tradotta de lingua 
Spagnola in volgar Italiano - - - (da Vicenzo Paletino da 
Corzula.) i2+cxxxvii+2 1. ill. diagrams and full page map 
of the new world. Venitia, G. Pedrezano. Venice, 1553 

The sixth book treats of the mariner's compass, here called "Bossolo da 
Navigar"; map of America on fol. xxiii; elaborate compass-card, fol. cviii. 
The author denies the variation of the compass. Medina was special examiner 
of Spanish pilots, and the map here included is highly valuable. The first 
section is dated 1545. 
42.* Naugeriua, Andrea. (1483-1529.) Orationes duae habitae; una in 
funere Bartholomaei Liviani, altera in funere Leonardi 
Lavretani Venetiarum principis, carminaq, nonnulla. 32 pp. 
4to. Venetiis, apud Haeredes Lucaeantonii Juntae. 

Venice, 1555 

Two funeral orations. 
43.*— — Lu8U8. Venetiis, apud Haeredes Lucaentonii Juntae. 

Venice, 155$ 
A metrical composition on Sport. The above two works are bound with 
No. 39. 

44. Agricola, (Landmann) Georg. (1494- 1555.) De re metallica libri 

xii. 5 I.+538 PP.+36 1. ill. Folio. Basileae, Froben. 

Basle, 1556 

First great work on metallurgy, remarkable for its numerous and quaint 
illustrations. Slight references to amber and the lodestone pp. 27, 194, 47 1* 

45. Cardano, Girolamo. (i 501-1576.) De rerum varietate libri xvii. 

16 1. +1194 PP+32 1. portr. 8vo. Basileae, H. Petri. 

Basle, 1557 

Describes, p. 656, a method of obtaining the continuous motion of an iron 
pointer over a circular lodestone; cf., Peregrinus, ch. ii.; he states, p. 1059, 
that some magnets attract silver. Portrait of Cardano, aged 49, on title page, 
— 3ec •Im 37. 

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nauegarxCcm nueuoa inflrumentod t regla$^e|ceiiiDUftca(io 
conmucrut>cfle0Deinonftracione$:compueflopotja^ttiit 
jCozteo nattsraloe tMirfalaro; en elretno ^e Ziragoti t ^ 
p:erentet>e5inot>cIddttdadt>e CadijttrtHddoal imifctifn 
mo^^narcba Carlo iQtimto1Rei^t)eta0 vcO^anaa ct^ 
gcn o?1Hu eftro4 





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29. CORTES, iRtductd.) 
62 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

46. Petrus Peregrinufl. (Flour. 13th cent.) De Magnete, seu rote 
perpetui motus, libellus. Divi Ferdinandi Rhomanorum Im- 
peratoris auspicio, per Achillem P: Gasserum, L: nunc primum 
promulgatus. 28 1., 4 engravings. Sm. 4to. Augsburgi in 
Suevis. Augsburg, 1558 

This, the earliest work on the magnet, was written in the form of a letter 
by Pierre de Mariconrt (Petrtn Fteregrimis) to a friend of hia in Picardy. 
It waa dated from the French camp before Lucera (Italy), August 8, 1369. 
The thirteen chapters into which the letter is divided form the most original, 
extensiye and imporUnt treatise on the magnet prior to Gilbert's Z7# Magnete, 
(No. 72). Gilbert was well acquainted with the letter of Peregrinus. This 
is a copy of the first printed edition, of which only eighteen are known. It 
includes a list of books that deal with the subject of the magnet. A reprint 
based on Bertelli*s version appears in Hellmann's Rara MagntHca, Berlin, 
1898. In 1900, Quaritch of London printed a fac-simtle in colors (50 
copies) of a MS. written about A. D. 1390, and owned by Prof. S. P. 
Thompson. The Bpistola was plagiarized by Taisnier (See No. 53), a trans- 
lation of whose book into English was made by Richard Eden, and printed 
in I 579. 

46a«t— — Photographic reproduction of MS. in Bodleian Library, Ox- 
ford. (MS. Bodl., No. 7027.) 13 leaves. 

This is a fine fourteenth century MS. folio, of 13 leaves, 9x11 inches written 
in Gothic letters in two columns of thirty-five lines each. It is rubricated 
in red and blue throughout. There are two finely drawn diagrams, corres- 
ponding to Figs, s and 3 of Gasser's edition. The Manuscript does not say 
when or where written. 

46b. t Prospectus of an edition of 300 numbered copies (150 for 

America) of the earliest work of experimental science: The 
Epistle of Pierre Pelerin de Maricourt, to Sygur de Foucau- 
court, soldier, on the lodestone. Charles S. Peirce. 16 pp. 
Sm. 4to. {New York, 1892) 

Announcement of the proposed publication of a translation by the author, 
of the BpistU from the Paris MS. (Codex P, collection 7378 A; see Libri, 
No. 939). Two pages of the Latin text are printed line for line in special 
type made in Paris, and accompanied by translation and notes. Several 
pages are devoted to quotations (in Latin and in English) from Roger 
Bacon relating to Peregrinus. The publication of the work waa abandoned. 

46c.t Epistle of Petrus Peregrinus of Maricourt, to Sygerus of 

Foucaucourt, soldier, concerning the magnet. Silvanus 
P(hi]lips) Thompson. 16 1. Sm. 4to. London, 1902 

A translation into English based upon Gasser (1558), Bertelli (1868) and 
Hellmann (1898), amended by reference to a MS. of A.D. 1390 owned by 
the translator. The initials are supplied by hand, and the copies (aso) are 
rubricated throughout. Privately printed in Caxton type, at (Hawick press. 

46d.t ^Thc letter of Petrus Peregrinus on The Magnet, A. D. 1269. 

Translated by Brother Arnold, M. Sc. With introductory note 
by Brother Potamian, D. Sc. 19+42 pp., illus. 4to. 

New York^ 1904 
The introduction to this handsome edition traces the history of the lodestone 
down to the time of Peregrinus. An appendix of five pages gives interest- 
ing notes on early references to the mariner's compass. 

63 



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tft O E M I X T I S 

dulc^ &opttmeolens , adeb ucrufl'imniin condauibus contra peftctn c 
(iuuat cnim)ad terdam ufcp diem condaue olere bene fiidac • Onmec^ 
nimbene olens dum fuffimr» uapores abfiimedo comiptos , aerem ab 
omnt tiido libcrat: liberancet^ inagis,qiia*magis fra^rani;,& qua; tar 
dtus confiinuinc: quxuerb calida& ficcafunc, uapom cderiiu abfii^ 
munt Ob id magnus ignis prxftanciisimum eft auxiliumaducrfiis pc 
ftilentem aeris (latum , u t eciam flabdla : uidant enim aerem uapores, 
cum namra lod ex quo eleuant, cum quia Solis radios penetrare jprohi 
bene . Ob id referunc in Gcrmania uallem loachimicam ciim ob i^luas 
denias Sc ftagaainhabitabilis eflfec, deriuacis aquis in cum'culos ac foO' 
las, fucdiis^ nemoribus/alubrem &(Jam cfTe. Icac^p nil minim eft, du 
plic^auxilio flagrans fucdnum aerem emendare,cumquia (iccum, cum 
« quiabeneolens.Icauidentur bis olim Achenxiem's benefido aduob* 
* medid8Hippocrate&Acronepefteliberacx,flammis(alicecbeneo^ 
^ ^ l ^ y^ lentium lignorum , non qu idem mediochbus , (ed maximis* A^mc^ 
diocribus enim ignibus, & minime odoraca maceria (uccends , cantum 
abeft u t peftilens aer emendetur , cum magis ii beneiidum uentoru ab" 
fit, ut euamuehemecer exacerbetur . Quamobrem Thucydides refers 
cumob multicudinemcadauera rogis im'poncren^non parumauiflam 
peftilendS* Manifeftumeft igicur,ei(dempenecau(is fiicdnumddem 
morbo medicamendsimmixcum, pIurimumconftrre« Miicecurenim 
auc propter odorem , auc (iccandi cauia, auc, quod euidendus eft auxi^ ^ 
lium in eo,attrahendi:trahic emm omnia leuia, paleas,(eftucas,nunen'' 
ta cenuiametalloru, & ozimi folia, perperam cocradicente Theophnt'* 
cwrficcium fto.Cauiaeft hm'us, quod humidiihabeacpingue& ducinoium, duo 
fAM trM. fj^ffQ y„ (jcca combibere cupies , uerfiis foncem, id eft, fiicdnuiphim 
mouemr. Omneenimiiccumpoftquamhumidii combibere cocperi^ 
ad ip(iimeciamrermr,uc eciam ignis ad pabulum:undefifiicecuruehe^ 
mendus,edam crahic ob calorem. Ne(^ em'm lapidis Magnecis & (ucd 
ni eade crahendi rado : nam fucdnu omneleue crahic, Mzmcs ferrum 
iblum« Sucdnumincerpofico corporenonmouecplaeam,Magnes fer 
rum. Sucdnu non crahimr uidisim a palea, Magnes trahimr aferro e^ 
dam. PaleakfiicdnoinnuUampanemdirigicur, ferrum modb ad Bo^ 
ream,modb ad Auffaiimconcatfhi Magncds cendicDenicp (ucdniac^ 
oaAio calido & friAione iuuacur mulcu,Magncds eo fblum qubd pu^ 
rior pars lapidis reddicur. Quid candc C fiicdni accnuftio hauddubie eft 
nmilisilli,qu9eacucurbitulaabigne8rca:censcalidis,obpihgueillud 
caliduminnacum,-quod edamacmacrens pariedbus, uc dixi, condauia 
edam in terdum diem beneolere fade • Eft enim in omni bimmine hu'» 
midii pingue calidum, ob quod edam fiicile ardec. Sed in crahendo in^^ 
cer bitumina (iicdnum, incer (ucdni genera dnereu, quod dcraoflium 
Vjftula! ad Pucecam in liccore maris eflbdimr : hoc enim, uc Agricola 
referc, dum ferro actererec, folia ex humo ad duos pedes in (iiblime ad 



37. CARDANO. {Reduced.) 
64 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

46c. t Petrus Peregrinus — ^Author of the earliest treatise on the 

magnet, A. D. 1269. By Brother Potamian. (Extract, Elec- 
trical World and Engineer, Vol. 43, pp. 514-515, March 12, 
1904.) 8 pp. 8vo. New York, 1904 

46!. t Petrus Peregrinus de Maricourt and his Epistola de Magnete. 

By Silvanus P(hillips) Thompson, D. Sc, F.R.S. (Extract, 
Proceedings of the British Academy, Vol. II., 1906.) 32 pp.; 
fac-simile of page of MS. 8vo. London, 1906 

The paper contains an account of 38 MSS. and of 11 printed versions (in 
whole or in part) of the Epistola and the location of the 18 copies known 
to exist of the 1558 (Gasser) edition. 

46g.t Petrus Peregrinus, the earliest of magneticians. By Brother 

Potamian. (Electrical World, Vol. 49, pp. 504-595, March 23, 
1907.) 111. Folio. New York, 1907 

General account of the life and magnetic work of Petrus Peregrinus, Pierre 

de Maricourt. 

— See also 463, 540a. 

47. Porta, Giovanni Battista della. (1538-1615.) Magiae naturalis 

sive de miraculis rerum naturalium libri iiii. 8 I.+163 pp. 
Folio. Neapoli, apud Matthiam Cancer. Naples, 155S 

This famous work on "Natural Magic** was published when the author was 
only sixteen. He extended the matter in subsequent editions, particularly in 
that of 1589. (See No. 64.) Pp. 88-90* sympathetic telegraph. 

47a. Another edition. 8+135 pp.+i 1. i2mo. Antverpiae, ex 

officina Christophori Plantini. Antwerp, 1560 

Book treating of natural wonders. Reference to magnets, p. 74; on p. 75 
we read: "quod magnes ferrum, arenam, oleum, et omne traheret." 

47b.— —Another edition. 9 I.+135 pp. portr. i2mo. Antverpiae, ex 
officina Christophori Plantini. Antwerp, 1561 

Pages 74 and 75 treat of the effects of the lodestone, some of which are 
fanciful; its uses in navigation are stated as also why the magnet points 
to the north; the author records the magnetic experiment related by St. 
Augustine in his D§ Civitate Dei and refers to the statue containing iron 
"in capite*' said to be suspended in mid-air in the temple of Serapis. (See 
No. xo.) 
— See also 64, 67. 

48. Pedemontani, Alexius. ( .) De secretis libri sex, mira 

quadam rerum varictate referti ex Italico in latinum sermo- 
nem nunc primum translati per Joannem Jacobum Weckerum. 
8I.+279 PP.+12I. Sm. 8vo. Basileae. Basle, 1559 

Chiefly a collection of medical prescriptions. 

49. Taianier Jean. (1509-1602.) De usu sphaerae materialis, hactenus 

ab omnibus philosophis & mathematicis magno studiosorum 
incommodo neglecto nunc vero in lucem tradito. 4I.+46 pp. 
Sm. 4to. Coloniae, excudebat Joannes Bathenius. 

Cologne, 1559 

Work on astronomy by the Belgian mathematician, famous in its tim^* 

65 



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LIVRE II. DES SIMGVLA; 
CH^P. XVL 

Que les mariniers nauigeoyent anciennetnent 

fans luiguillc &c qiiadran.& fans auoir 

vfage de la pierre d'Aimant* 



'\^(^^^ ^ ^ ancient auoyentpli4Sgrdnde dif* 
ficutteenieHrs naHigatiom^ue noui 
nUnom maintenani : car lors n'm 
paixy wen guerre Us n'auoyent adrej^ 



feSyfinondeU conje^ure deP Orient y Spleil cou^ 

chanty Septentriony^ Midy : oudesejioilles & 

Solcilqu'ils yeoyentrlejour & de nui^f^^ lepltss 

jhutfcnt neperdoyent point la terrc d( yeuc. Mais 

maintcnat (jue tout le monde a cogneu la ycrtude 

Pierre U pierre dc PAim^tJa nauigation ejl jifacile^qne 

d'aiman: flcj^xhommcso/ents'auenturer dtouspropasauec 

ync petite barque^ atous heurtSy aux plus impe^ 

tueux yentSy & trauerfer la men ce que les ancies 

n'cujpntosefaire n^y entreprendre en plain jour^ 

lorsqn'ilsn*auoyent t aiguille ^quadranjrottee 

aucc la pierre d^Aimant. Cefte eft la pierre autre^ 

Lapis her ^^^^^ ffommeeLz^is HercuicUs,o« Magnes,c^ 

Ma^A«. S\dzmiSy& en Italien Calamita : en laquelle lott 

Sidcriti*. trouu? ycrtus cotTdires: cartyn des bouts fait que 

Calami- t aiguille regarde en tout temps lapartie de Septen 

trio}?^^ t autre bout le Midy. NoUs trouuons que 

cclny qui i^iuenta premierement tyfage de ladiCie 

picrre^auoit nom Flatnus. Mai$le premier qui ait 

efcrit dc telle yeriit^cft udlbert k Grand: lequel 

ayant 

38. BBLON. Fol. 162. 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

50. De annuii sphaerici fabrica & usu, libri tres geometrici, omnibus 

mathematices. 27 pp.+3 1. ill. 4to. Antverpiae, in edibus 

Joannis Richardi. Antwerp, 1560 

Treatise on globea and problems on general astronomy. 
— See also 53. 

51.* Carpentariufl, J(acobus). ( ) Descriptio universae naturae. 

2 vols, in I. 4to. Farisiis, ex officina G. Buon. 

Paris, 1562-1566 

Metaphysical treatise followed by a brief description of the animal and 
▼egetable kingdoms. 

5a. Ptolemaeus, Claudius. (2d century.) Geographia. Olim a Bili- 
baldo Pirckheimherio translata, at nunc multis codicibus 
graecis collata et redacta a Jos. Moletio. 4 I.+286+64 PP.+32 

I. 64 maps. 4to. Venetiis, apud Vinc,entium Valgrisium. 

Venice, 1562 
To the great work of the Alexandrian astronomer and geographer, have been 
added eight maps of America besides others of northern Europe. 

53. Taisnier, Jean, (i 509-1562.) Opusculum perpetua memoria dig- 

nissimum de natura magnetis, et ejus effectibus. 2 I.+84 PP-+ 

I I. ill. 2 portr. Sm. 4to. Coloniae, apud Joannem Birck- 
mannum. Cologne, 1362 

The first 15 pages of this rare work refer to the lodestone, its properties 
and uses, taken without acknowledgment from the De Magnetg of Peregrinus. 
Figures of floating lodestones; the usual form of the compass needle. (See 
No. 46.) 
— See also 49. 

54. Dolce, Lodovico. (Also Dulci.) (1508-1566 (?) 1569.) Libri tre; 

nei quali si tratta delle diverse sorti delle gemme che produce 
la natura. 99 1. i2mo. Venetia, Gio. Battista. Venice, 1565 
Work on precious stones; plagiarism from Camillus Leonardus; (see No. 5.) 

55. Claudianus, Claudius. (4th Century.) Opera, Thcodori Pul- 

manni diligentia, et fide summa, e vetustis codicibus resti- 
tuta. Accedunt ad Claudiani opera Martini Antonii Del-rio 
notae. 353 pp.+3 1.+80 pp.+2 1.+29 pp.+i 1. i2mo. Antver- 
piae, ex officina Chr. Plantini. Antwerp, 1571 
Contains a celebrated poem of 57 lines on the lodestone, beginning p. 322. 
The lodestone is not found among the ornaments of kings or women, but is 
eagerly sought for by those acquainted with its power; the statue of Mars 
contains iron, that of Venus the magnet. This idyll, it is said, suggested to 
the Italian Jesuit, Famianus Strada, his famous poem on the magnet pub- 
lished in his Prolustones Academicae, 161 7. (See No. 90.) 
— See also 72a. 

56.* Titelman, F(rancis.). (i6th Century.) Naturalis philosophiae 
compendium, sive De consideratione rerum naturalium libri 
xii. 248 PP.+12 1* i2mo. Venetiis, apud Joann. Antonium 
Farreum. Venice, 1571 

Principles of metaphysics; reference to magnetic attraction, p. 136. 

67 



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CVffl 

LIBRO SESTO 

DELLA AGVGGIA, OVER 

BOSSOLO DA 

NAVIGAR* 




41. MEDINA. IReduced.) 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

57. AvianuB» (Flavius). (Flourished about 150 A.D.) Aviani Aeso- 

picarum fabularum liber, a Theod. Pulmanno ex membranis 
in lucem editus. 29 pp.+i 1. i6mo. Antverpiae, ex officina 
Christofori Plantini. Antwerp, 13/2 

Latin poet who wrote in elegiac verse a number of fables after the manner 
of Aesop. 

58. Biiinguccio, Vanucci. (End of the 15th — ^middle of the i6th Cen- 

tury.) La pyrotechnic; ou, Art de feu, contenant dix livres. 
Traduite d'ltalien en Frangois par Jacques Vincent. 4 I.+168 
pp. ill. 4to. Paris, Claude Fremy. Paris, IS72 

On page 56 of this book on Pyrotechny will be found an account of numer- 
ous extraordinafy properties attributed to the lodestone in some of which the 
author expresses his belief. The original edition appeared in Venice, 1540. 

59. Lemnius, Levinus. (1505-1568.) Occulta naturae miracula, ac 

varia rerum documenta, probabili ratione atque artifici con- 
iectura explicata. 8I.+473 pp.+ii 1. i2mo. Gandavi, ex offi- 
cina G. Manilij. Ghent, 1372 
Wine spoilt by lightning and thunder, p. 272. The compass is called, p. 
304, pixidicula nautica, vulgo Cotnpas. First edition, Antwerp, 1559. 

6a Maurolycus, Franciscus. (1494-1575.) Opuscula mathematica. 11 
l.-f285 pp. ill. 4to. Vefietiis, apud Fr. Francisicum Senensem. 

Venice, 157$ 
Work of merit on astronomy and geometry by a Sicilian Abbot. The ori- 
entation of the magnet is referred to p. 100, et seq. The writer argues that 
the needle does not point due north but to a magnetic island mentioned by 
the Swedish prelate and historian, Olaus Magnus. 

6i.t Bcsson, Jacques. (154a-?.) Theatrum instrumentorum et 
machinarum Jacobi Bessoni Delphinatis mathematici in- 
geniossissimi cum Franc. Beroaldi figurarum declaratione 
demonstratum. (text in French.) 20 1. 60 plates (plates 49- 
56 missing.) Folic. Lugduni, apud Earth. Vincentium 

Lyons, 1578 

Full-page illustrations of various mechanical devices. Besson was a French 
mathematician and inventor. 

6a- Camorano, Rodrigo. ( .) Compendio de la arte de nave- 
gar. 4 I.+60 pp. I plate, I portr. 4to. Sevilla, A. Pescioni. 

Seville, 1582 

Compass-card with 3a radial lines, p. 9; rotation of the pole-star round the 
axis of the world, p. 29; chapter on the compass, p. 34, with diagram showing 
the use of two rectangular axes for suspension. 

63. Kao di Alessano, Cesare. (i6th Century.) I meteori. I quali 
contengono quanto intorno a tal materia si puo desiderare. 
T6-f 167 1. 4to. Venetia, Gio. Varisco. Venice, 1382 

L. 131, causes of lightning and thunder; different kinds of thunder, color 
of lightning-flashes also why lightning precedes thunder, and whether it 
always does so. L. 134, places and seas in which lightning is most fre- 
quently seen. L. 135 contains an account of the effects of lightning to- 
gether with protection against the same. Aristotle is frequently quoted. 

69 



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LIBia DVOOtCIMVS. 



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(i hi in propni non (iicrinc , fiigini ud abicgiii cti una fabuli ud arenas pcnni 
CzltfiC adduc modicu (ale, ex aqua (alfii ud marina &dHi,au;p cxigua niagne 
cit panicula : (cd i Ai minus candidii & transluddii uicru cobduc uerii dnis 
ex andquis arborib.ficquarii truncus, ubi aflurrcxit ad aldcudine (ex pedii 
CMiacur,& inie Ao igm' arbor coa cdburicur,ac in ditcrcm uerdnirquod fit 
hyeme di niues diudnx (cdent,ud xftate, cu non pluit:nl imbres alffs anili 
ceporib.4d dncrcs di terra mi(ccSt» impuros redducquSobre cue ex tfdtm 
arDorib.in plures panes (t^tfiC (iib te^o cobuftis^dnis cofiaL 8ed uitra 
rijs alfjs tret funt (omaces,aUis dua^alfjs una: quib. cres^hi in prima coquiit 
materiS^in (ecuda eS recoquut^in tenia refirigeranc uiorea uala & cartcta ope 
ra cldentia:eoru prima femax cocimeraia oC fiimo (imilis Gt : in cuius (upc 
riori camen^longa pedes (exjata quatuor,alta duos lignis aridis acceds res 
miftae eoduitur acri igni donee li<pielcanc,& in. madam uert2tur uitrc^ etfi 
nondum lads i recremento pnrgatanueaitfirigerata cxtrahatur & in pan^ 
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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

64. Porta^ Johannes Baptista della. (i 538-1615.) Magiae naturalis 

sive de miraculis rerum naturalium libri xx. 9 I.4-303 pp. 
ill. portr. Folio. Neapoli, apud Horatium Saluianum. 

Naples, 1589 

Book vii. of this folio edition treats of magnetic phenomena. The magnetic 
field is dearly defined in cap. 32; the screening action of iron is recognized, 
cap. 30; the fact that sailors preferred steel for their compass-needles is 
stated, cap. 36, the reason assigned being that such magnets keep their **vim 
per centum annos." The weakening effect of heat is described, cap. 51. The 
preface to Book vii. contains on page 128 a clear statement of a sympathetic 
telegraph. See Strada (No. 90); the Spectator (No. 241 ); the Guardian 
(No. 119); Gherordi (No. 1799)* 

64a. ^Another edition. 18 I.+669 pp. ill. i2mo. Francofarti, 

Samuel Hempelius. Frankfort, 1607 

Book vit« of this edition treats of the lodestone and compass; p. 289 contains 
the author's idea of a sympathetic telegraph, which he is said to have de- 
rived from Cardinal Bembo. 

64b. (English translation.) Natural magic in twenty books wherein 

are set forth all the riches and delights of the natural sciences. 
3 1+409 PP.+3 1. ill. Folio. London, Thomas Young. 

London, 1658 
This is the first English edition of Portals celebrated work, being a transla- 
tion from the Latin edition of 1589. Book vii. treats of the lodestone and 
magnetic phenomena. The famous allusion to a magnetic telegraph, p. 190; 
lodestone ground to powder, p. 199; magnetic attraction measured by balance 
method, p. 200; magnetic screening, p. 204; the declination and its varia- 
tions, p. 208; place of no variation, p. 208; effect of heat on magnets, p. 212; 
magnetic field, p. 203; magnetic induction, p. 203; polarity produced by rub- 
bing with lodestone, p. 206; uses of the sailing compass, p. 208. Porta owed 
much to Peregrinus, A. D., 1269; Gilbert, x6oo, was indebted to both. 
— Sec also 47. 

65. Borough, William. (iS36-i599.) A discourse of the variation of 

the compasse, or magneticall needle. Wherein is mathematic- 
ally shewed, the manner of the observation effects, and appli- 
cation thereof, made by W. B. (William Borough), and is 
to be annexed to the New Attractive of R. N. {i.e,, Robert 
Norman). 30 1. ill. 4to. London, by E. AUde, for Heugh 
Astley. London, 1392 

This very rare tract (preface dated 1581) derives its special importance 
from its being the first work in which was shown how die "Variation of 
the Compass" could be determined by accurate observation. The author's 
method is described in the third chapter, the value of the "Variation" there 
given, for London (1580) being 11® 15' east. This interesting tract was 
printed together with Norman's lievoe Atractiv in 1581, 1585, 1592 and 1614. 

66. Norman, Robert (Flourished 1590.) The Newe Attractive, con- 

taining a short discourse of the magnes or loadstone: and 
amongst other his vertues, of a new discovered secret and 
subtill propertie, concerning the declining of the needle, 
touched therewith under the plaine of the horizon. Hereunto 
are annexed certaine necessary rules for the arte of naviga- 

71 



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PETRI PEREGRIN! 
MARICVRTENSIS 
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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

tion: by the same R. N. newly corrected and amended by 
M. W. B(orough). 48 1. ill. 4to. London, by E. AUde, for Hew 
Astley. London, IS9^ 

The fourth chapter of this remarkable and very rare work, the first in 
English on the magnet, contains the earliest printed record of the mag- 
netic dip. The illustration shows its value, 71* 50', in London for 1576, 
year in which the discovery was made by Norman himself. It is said that 
Hartmann of Nuremberg had noticed in 1544 the tendency of a magnet, 
freely movable in a vertical plane, to depart from the horizontal, but his 
letter remained unpublished for nearly three hundred years. (See 
Hellmann*s Rara Magnetica^ 1898.) The Ntwe Attractivt contains a recog- 
nition of the sphere of influence, Gilbert's orbis virtutis, or field of force, 
surrounding a magnet. It also contains the first metrical composition on the 
magnet written in English. Norman was an instrument maker who lived at 
Limehouse, London. This is the third edition; the first edition appeared in 
1 581, and the second edition in 1585. (See No. 20, 256a,. 823.) 

66a. Another edition. 4 1.+43 pp. i2mo. London. i/^ 

There are three copies of this reprint in the Wheeler Gift. 

67. Porta, Johannes Baptista della. (1538-1615.) De occultis literanim 

notis seu artis animi sensa occulte aliis significandi, aut ab 
aliis significata expiscandi enodandique. Libri iiii. 8 l.-j- 
275+24 pp. ill. Montisbeligardi, apud Jacobum Foillet. 

Montbeliard, 1593 

Extensive work on cryptography, or the use of secret characters, a subject 
which attracted considerable attention at the time. 
— See also 47. 

68. Bodin, Joannes. (i6th Century.) Universae naturae theatrum, in 

quo rerum omnium effectrices causae et fines quinque libris 
discutiuntur. 4 I.+633 pp. 8vo. Lugduni, apud Jacobum 
Roussin. Lyons, 1596 

Extensive work on natural philosophy; p. 243 contains a brief answer to the 
question "Why does a magnet draw iron to itself?" On p. 255, the words 
clecirum, succinum, electron occur in answer to the question "What is 
amber?" 

69. Barlow (or Barlowe), William. ( ? -1625.) The Navigator's 

Supply, containing many things of principal importance be- 
longing to navigation, with the description and use of diverse 
instruments framed chiefly for that purpose, but serving 
also sundry other of cosmography in general. 50 1. ill. 7 
plates. Sm. 4to. London, G. Bishop. London, 1597 

Barlowe, Archdeacon of Salisbury, was a distinguished mathematician and 
was among the earliest English writers on the properties of the magnet. 
This celebrated tract of his opens with a detailed description of the sailing 
compass, including the two rings for its suspension. A compass for deter- 
mining the "variation" is also minutely described. Very rare, being the only 
edition. 
—See also 89. 
70.* Maiolus (or Majolus), Simon. (1520-1597.) Dies caniculares, 
seu colloquia tria & viginti, quibus pleraque naturae ad- 
miranda, quae aut in aethere sunt, aut in Europa, Asia, 

74 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

atque Africa, quin etiam in ipso orbe novo, & apud omnes 
Antipodas sunt recensentur. 8 I.+1177 pp.+i 1. 4to. Romae, 
ex officina J. A. Rufiinelli. Rome, 1597 

Properties of the lodestone, p. 780; Ethiopian magnet said to repel iron, p. 
781; magnetic clock of Gerbert (Pope Sylvester II.) > P* 783. The author 
was an Italian prelate. 

70a. Another edition. 4 I.-I-1248 pp.+30 1. Folio. Moguntiae, 

Joannis Godofr. Schonwetteri. Mayence, 1625 

7obi8. Stevin, Simon. (1548-1620.) The haven-finding art; or, the 
way to find any haven or place appoynted at sea by the 
latitude and variation. Translated into English (by E. 
Wright). 20 pp. ill. 4to. (no title-page.) {London, 159T) 

Translation of the Portuum invettigandomm roHo of Stevin or Stcrintii, 
the Flemish mathematician and engineer. Places of no variation, p. 6. 
— See also 107. 

71. W(right), E(dward) (is6o?-i6is.) Ccrtaine errors in navigation, 
arising either of the ordinarie erroneous making or using of 
the sea chart, compasse, crosse staffe, and tables of declination 
of the sunne, and fixed starres detected and corrected by E. 
W. 126 1. ill. pi. Sm. 4to. London, Valentine Sims. 

London, 1399 
Chap. 6 of this treatise describes the errors caused In sailing by neglecting 
the "variation," and shows how they may be avoided. Wright was a prac- 
tical navigator as may be seen from the "Table of observations of the 
variation of the compass*' taken on sea and land in his voyage to Fayal 
in 158^. He was lecturer on navigation to the East India Company. His 
laudatory address prefaced to Gilbert's De Magnett is well known. (See 
No. 72.) 

71a. Certaine errors in navigation, detected and corrected by Ed- 
ward Wright with many additions that were not in the former 
edition as appeareth in the next pages. 261.-1-427 pp.-}-i22 pp. 
-f-12 1. 111., two maps. Sm. 4to. London, Felix Kingston. 

London, 1610 
Engraved title page, 4^x6^ ins., in duplicate, the lower part containing 
map of the world, ^}ix2}i ins. Map of the world on Mercator's projection 
in two parts, each 15x20 ins., signed "William Kip, sculpsit"; a note gives 
the name of some of the observers whose data on the variation of the compass 
are used in the map (Davis, Kendall, Hall, Lynschot, Candish and John 
De Castro). The second map, 19^x14^ ins** has the legend "A particular 
sea chart for the Islands Azores." The engraved title page is not in the 
1599 edition, nor the two large maps. The pagination passes from p. 52 
to p. 55 and from p. 182 to p. 185, without interruption of the text. Pp. 
441-456 are missing, interrupting the text, apparently due to an error in 
the numbering of the signatures which misled the binder; the missing por- 
tion in part includes the first pages of '^An Answer to Simon Stevin*' (See 
pp. 214-224, edition of 1657). The final 122 pages, called "The division of 
the whole art of navigation" are separately paged, and not contained in the 
edition of X599« (See No. 7o&if.) 

C. H. Coote in discussing the extremely rare map of the world sometimes 
found bound in Hakluyt's "Hydrographicall Description" says: "The conclu- 
sion is therefore irresistible, that whatever may be due to Molineux or 

75 



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MAGlAB MAYVRALIS; 

s ly s 

DEMIKA^CVLIS 

RERVM NATVRALIVM 

LIB£(.I III I. 



lO. BAPTISTA 

PORTA NEAPOLITANO 

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N E A P O L I 
APVO MATTHIAM CANCER. 

M. D. LVItl. 

CVM GRATIA BT PRIVILEGIO 
PER OECENNIVM; 

47. PORTA. (.Reiuctd.) 



76 



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47b. PORTA— Portrait of Author. (^Reduced.) 



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CATALOGUE OP WHEELER GIFT 

Hakluyt in the execution of tlie original [Hakluyt map] it also represents 
the first map upon the true projection by Edward Wright 
The truth is, that to Wright and not to Mercator is due the honor of being 
the first to demonstrate the true principles upon which such maps were to 
be laid down by means of the now well-known Table of meridional parts." 

71b. Certain errors in navigration. Detected and corrected by Ed- 
ward Wright With many additions that were not in the 
former edition. 141.4-224 pp.+iio pp.+i I.+20 pp. 111., one 
map, 4to. London, Jpseph Moxon. London, 1657 

Engraved title-page, 4^x7 ins., differing in some details from that of the 
1 610 edition. Contains a dedication and an address to the reader, signed 
by the publisher, Joseph Moxon. Inserted is a letter by Prof. S. P. 
Thompson addressed to Mr. Latimer Clark, pointing out that the section 
on "The Haven-finding Art." (30 pp.) is a translation from Stevinus 
(See No. 70 bis). The Map (15^x10^ ins.) is entitled "A Particular 
Piatt, for sailing to the Isles of Azores." 
— See also 87. 

7a. Gilbert, William, (i 544-1603.) De magnete, magneticisque cor- 
poribus, et de magno magnete tellure, physiologia nova, 
plurimis et argumentis et experimentis demonstrata. 8 1.+ 
240 pp. ill. Sm. folio. Londini, excudebat Petrus Short. 

London, 1600 
First edition of a remarkable work in the history of scientific discovery. 
It cost the author eighteen years of investigation and experiment. Large 
marginal asterisks mark what he considered great discoveries, and small 
asterisks minor ones. There are 21 of the former and 178 of the latter. 
Gilbert shows that a freely suspended magnet is controlled by the earth and 
not, as supposed, by extra-terrestrial influence. His magnetic theory enabled 
him to explain the behavior of the compass-needle, the dip-needle, the 
magnetic condition of vertical masses of iron, and the magnetic properties 
of heated iron bars when allowed to cool while lying in the magnetic 
meridian. Book ii., conUins his electrical work and shows a great advance 
on previous writers. Gilbert is chary of praise and wrathful in denunciation; 
he was a staunch Copemican, and warm friend of Kepler and Galileo. Inserted 
in the volume is a portrait of Gilbert engraved by Champ from an original 
portrait in the Bodleian library, Oxford, now lost. The engraving was 
extracted from S. & E. Harding's Biographical Mirror, 1796, vol. ii., p. 33. 
Among publications relating to Gilbert, in addition to those entered 
below are the following which are not in the library. Peter Short, 
printer, and hit works, 30 pp., ill. (A paper read by Prof. S. 

P. Thompson before the Bibliographical Society, May 17, 1897 and 
reprinted, 1898.) This paper traces the origin of the prominent printer's 
mark on the title-page of De Magnete, 1600. Souvenir of IVilliam Gilberd's 
tercentenary year, 16 pp., ill. (Presented by the Mayor of Colchester on 
the occasion of the Colchester Oyster Feast, October 30, 1904.) The 
souvenir contains a reproduction of Gilbert's engraved portrait, and of the 
title-pages of the 1600 De Magnete and of the PhUotophia Nova (See 131); 
also a photographic facsimile of a deed signed by (Albert (W. Gylberd), 
a photographic view of his birth-place and monument, and a half-tone 
reproduction of the tercentenary picture in the Colchester town-hall, a copy 
of which was presented by the British Institution of Electrical Engineers 
to the American Institute of Electrical Engineers. Dr. Benjamin Ward 
Richardson is the author of an article of 15 pages printed in the Asclepiad, 

78 



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53. TAISNIER— Portrait of Author, {Reduced.) 



79 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

1884, hftying for title "The Firtt Electrician, William Gilbert, M. D." 
With the acknowledged assistanoe of Mr. Menzies, Dr. Richardson 
gives in full for the first time in English dress Gilbert's address (his pre- 
face) to ''the candid reader and student of magnetic philosophy." The. U, S. 
Magnetic Declination Tablet, 1902, contains an article of about 4500 words 
by Dr. L. A. Bauer on De Magnete. (See also note, 2447bis, Hellmann.) 

7aa. Tractatus, sivc physiologia nova, Dc magnete, magneticisque 

corporibus et magno magnete tellure, sex libris compre- 
hensus. Omnia emendating edita, aucta et figuris illustrata, 
opera et studio W. Lochmans, with plates and engravings. 
10 I.+232 pp. +17 1. ill. Sm. 4to. Sedini, typis Gotzianis. 

Stettin, 1633 
Wolfgang Lochmann of Stettin brought out an edition of De Magnete in 
1628 (very rare) which was the first one published abroad. This was fol- 
lowed by the present' edition in 1633, which contains a preface by Lochmann; 
also the famous idyll of Oaudin (4th Century) on the magnet. (See No. 
55.) Mr. Conrad Cooks has recently found a copy of the i6a8 Stettin edition 
with a new title page bearing the imprint, Frankfort, a/m, 1629. Signature 
of Fr, Arogo on title page. 

yab.t Gilbert's Fables. By Thomas Commerford Martin. (Extract, 

North American Review, Vol. 146, No. 4, April, 1888, pp. 405- 
415.) 8vo. New York, 1888 

A popular account of Gilbert and his work; growth of telegraphy and 
electric illumination; comparison of illuminanta. "His airy 'fables' (as 
Chancellor Bacon called them) hare resolved themselyes into some of the 
most solid benefits that science has conferred on mankind." 

7ac.t (Circulars relating to Gilbert Club and the translation of De 

Magnete.) London, 1889-1901 

I. Objects of the proposed Gilbert Qub, 1889. a. Statement of action at 
inaugural meeting, and announcement of details of the translation and its 
publication, 1890. 3. Rough specimen sheet, title-page and page of text, 1901. 
4. Names of those who took part in translation and editing, and of printers 
and binders. 

7ad.t William Gilbert, of Colchester. By Conrad William Cooke. 

(Extract, Engineering, Vol. 48, pp. 717-718+729-730.) 12 pp. 
8vo. London, 1890 

Biographical notice.; letter to Archdeacon Barlowe; testimony of Dr. Fuller: 
"Dr. Gilbert's book on magnetism published in 1600, is one, of the finest 
examples of inductive philosophy that has ever been presented to the world. 
(Thomson History of the Royal Society, London, 18 12.) 

7ac. Gilbert of Colchester, an Elizabethan magnetizer. (By Prof. 

Silvanus P. Thompson, F.R.S.) 6z pp. Sm. 4to. 

London, 1891 

Account of Gilbert's life and scientific discoveries, followed by a list of his 
works. The last fifteen pages are devoted to the bibliography of 'The Sette 
of Odd Volumes," of which the above is one. 

7af.— — Facsimile reprint of London folio of 1600. 8 I.-I-240 pp. Small 
folio. Berlin, Mayer & Mueller. Berlin, 1892 

A photo-zincograph reproduction. 

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69. BARLOW. Mariner' i Compass. 
82 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

yag.t William Gilbert of Colchester, Physician of London, on the 

loadstone and magnetic bodies, and on the great magnet, the 
earth. A new physiology demonstrated with many arguments 
and experiments. A translation by P. Fleury Mottelay. 54 
+368 pp. 8vo. New York, 1893 

Reduced reproduction of title-pages of 1600, 1628 and 1633 editions. Frontis- 
piece portrait. Gilbert's arms. Biographical memoir, with Address of Ed- 
ward Wright. Reduced reproduction of title-page of Gilbert's De Mundo 
Nostra of 165 1. (See No. 131.) This is the iirst complete translation of 
Gilbert's De Magnete into a modern language. The foot-notes are numerous 
and of considerable historical and bibliographical value. Mr. Paul P. Mot- 
telay is the author of a valuable Bibliographical History of Electricity and 
Magnetism which will soon appear in book form. 

7ah.t ^William Gilbert of Colchester, physician of London. On 

the Magnet, and on the great magnet, the earth; a new phys- 
iology demonstrated by many arguments and experiments. 
(Translation by the Gilbert Club.) 246 pp., ill. Large 8vo. 
Imprinted at the Chiswick Press, anno MCM. 

London, IQOO 

The Gilbert Club was formed under the presidency of Sir William Thomson 
(Lord Kelvin) for the purpose of preparing a translation of Gilbert's De 
Magnete. Following are the names of those who took part in the translation 
or revision: Rev. A. W. Howard, Mr. G. T. Dickin, Mr. Edward Little. 
Prof. R. A. Sampson, Prof. Meldola, Mr. Latimer Dark, Sir B. W. Richard- 
son, Rev. W. C. Howell, Prof. Silvanus P. Thompson, Dr. Joseph Larmor. 
This version is, as far as circumstances permitted, a facsimile in English of 
the original Latin folio edition of z6oo. The translation corresponds page 
for page; the cuts and the ornamental initial letters have been either recut or 
reproduced in facsimile. A short index has been added to facilitate con- 
sultation. The edition was limited to 250 copies. 

72Lt Notes on Gilbert's De Magnete. (By Prof. Silvanus P. 

Thompson, F.R.S.) Privately printed. London, MCML 68 
pp. Large 8vo. London, igoi 

Valuable literary, historical, geographical and bibliographical notes, including 
many references to works of authors quoted by Gilbert and to other writings 
of related interest, with a detailed bibliography of De Magnete. On p. 52 
is a reproduction of the original engraving followed by the artist who 
prepared the cut in De Magnete, representing a blacksmith at his forge, and 
which was re-engraved, with changes, for the 1628 and 1633 editions. The 
Notes are bound with copies of the translation of De Magnete issued to 
members of the Gilbert Club. 

7aj.t Gilbert of Colchester. The tercentenary of electric and mag- 
netic science. 14 pp., frontispiece portrait, ill. By Brother 
Potamian, D.Sc. (Reprint, Popular Science Monthly, Sep- 
tember 1901.) 8vo. New York, 1901 
Biographical sketch with criticism of Bacon's belittling remarks; parallel be- 
tween Gilbert and Bacon; analysis of Gilbert's work in electricity, magnetism 
and terrestrial magnetism. "If any one deserves to be called the founder of 
the experimental school of philosophy, we contend that it is not Bacon the 
thinker and essayist, but Gilbert the methodical worker and fruitful dis- 
coverer," 

83 



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PH. Ed compere 1 (lima omnibus hxc Asbcfti vi$» vt (emet ac« 
ccr.Tus ev eo igtiis numqnam reflinguatur: nam Diuus Augudinus* 
rcnim omnium peritiailluftrisdc CO quoquc plunbiis agitdcCi- 
uit Dei lib. 1 1. cap. ^. &cap.6. Recoiic cnim Veneris cemploadhi- 
bitum cum lucerna candclabrum,qux Tub diocum noAu» d^cquc^ 
ardcret,nulia tamcn cempcftacc , nullis imbribus exringui poruc* 
rat . Vndc necefTarium fuit conijCcre,ficuc lapis, ita lucerna quo* 
que, ac lychnus ex Asbefto conftarcnt . Proptcrca de illo ipfo Fa- 
oo Veneris>ac lucerna inextinguibili ( niquic ) ira fencimus , vt in 
ca mechanicum ahquiddc Asbefto ars humana molita fit: aut ar<« 
temagicafadum fir > quod homines illi mirentur in tempio ; auc 
dxmon quiTpiam tab nomine Veneris tanta fe efficacia prxfenta** 
liit»vt hoc ibi prodTgium & appareret hominibas,& diutius perma 
neret . Hare ille ex veterum annalibus. Cum fgitur ea tanta Asbe*^ 
fli vis etiam Diuo Auguftino pro comperta habeacur,non'e(l>quod 
de ea ambigamus/edrei rationem efl impoflibile alTequihumano 
ingenio : diuinum id miraculum in lapide hoc inditum cenfendum 
c(l. Sed de lapidmnnaturis cum igne fat/uperque diximns: nunc 
ad alios lapides conucrtenda noftra oratio eft »* primumque de Ma 
gnetc. 

£ Q. Magnes prx ceteris omnibus natnrx arcana multa^ 
continec > neque ad integrum vis eius humano generi comper- 
raeftyVtcenTea: prop^erea deipfb folo Hbrum fcripRt dodtffi* 
snus Joannes Bajptiftai Porta Neapolitanusjonge plures^quami 
tentenos cras-cfiedas eniimerahsincredibili folertia > & obfcrua- 
rione. 

T H« Dnbioprocuf nemo mente aOequr eius na turam,vfaiquc» 
ac rationem umquam potuit ad integrum: prarfertim qua ratione 
ferrtmi foa li^tura graaiifimum adfe Icuiifime trahat: propterea^ 
virtatccadeftf id illi efTe inditum, nulla antem elemrntali vi tra« 
dut fandi vtri,^& in ijs prxcipuus Diuns Thomas Aquinas quodliU 
I2»art. X5« Quamohrcm-nc iniftra difquirendx eius ret cau& icH 
cumbamus , quam aiTeqni non valeamns , dilTcrendum pato de re- 
bus memorabilibus, quxobeam Magnetis vim acciderunc. 

P H. Exordiri Hbet ab eiu; lapidis origine,vbi inaentus primus 
tradant in Ida mpntc repertum primum ab homine, vnde nomen^ 
accept t, Magftete nuncupato, vt Nicander teflatur, ac Plioius libw 
^6, cap^ 1 6. Inneniflc eaim^cwn narrat ob dauos ferreos crepida^ 
nimr& bacilli cuipidem fexx^am » cum folanimis velar ^ra^^a hcp 
xerent^ciimaraKntapatffceteCv Idqiioque fcribitl(idoruslib.itf« 
cap.4* qui d£iUiNladi;cir» fenrnginenm colorem illi eftc> atqs ideo 
iiprruiQ apprcfacodcrci vdut cagMUOae mcuca; coispl tdcndumt 

attra« 

70.» MAIOLUS, (Reduced,) 
84 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

72k.t William Gilbert of Colchester. A sketch of his magnetic 

philosophy. By Charles £. Benham. 103 pp., 2 plates. Sm. 
4to. Colchester, 1902 

A popular sketch of Gilbert and his philosophy: "The man, wherein his 
genius lay, his faults and failings, the essential qualities of his work without 
a laborious following out of his innumerable experiments and arguments." 
A full-page representation is given of Gilbert's tomb in Holy Trinity Church, 
Colchester. 

721.-}- Gilbert, Physician: A note prepared for the three-hundredth 

anniversary of the death of William Gilbert of Colchester, 
president of the Royal College of Physicians, & physician to 
Queen Elizabeth, by Silvanus P(hillips) Thompson, F.R.S. 
32 pp Sm. 4to. Chiswick press. London, 1903 

A biographical sketch, with especial reference to Gilbert's career as physician. 

7am.t William Gilbert, and terrestrial magnetism in the time of 

Queen Elizabeth: A discourse by Silvanus P(hillips) Thomp- 
son, F.R.S. 16 pp. Sm. 4to. Chiswick press. 

London, 1903 
A paper read before the Royal Geographical Society, March 23, 1903* In- 
cludes an interesting account, with bibliographical references, of the knowl- 
edge of the compass to the time of Gilbert 

7an.t The family and arms x>f Gilbert of Colchester. By Silvanus 

P(hillips) Thompson (Reprint, Transactions Essex Archeo- 
logical Society, vol. ix, 1904.) 15 pp., i plate, genealogical 
chart, ill. 4to. London, 1904 

A paper read before the Essex Archeological Society at its Jubilee. The 
geneidogy commences with Thomas Gilbert, a burgess of Colchester, born 
I4a8. An appendix gives a list of the considerable property possessed by 
Gilbert at his death. 
— See also 131. 

73. Sunde, Janus Hercules de. (pseud, of Daniel Schwenter.) (1585- 

1636.) Steganologia & Steganographia aucta, Geheime, Magi- 
sche, Natuerliche Red- unnd Schreibkunst. 12 1.-^-370 pp.+6 1. 
ill. i6mo. Nuernberg, Simon Halbmayers. Nuremberg, (1600) 
This rare book gives a lengthy and interesting description of magnetic 
signaling, p. 127; the operator calls up his friend by ringing a bell by means 
of a bar-magnet; the needles are also moved by bar-magnets and the letters 
formed by one or more strokes to the right and the left as in the modern 
needle telegraph. Signaling by means of mirrors, p. 136. The date given 
above is from the Catalogue of the British Museum. (See Nos. 90, 190, 193-) 
—See also no bis. 

74. Blundeville, (Thomas). (1530 (?) — .) The theoriques of the 

seuen planets, shewing all their diuerse motions, and all 
other accidents, called Passions, thereunto belonging. 
Whereunto is added by the said Master Blundeville a breefe 
extract by him made of Maginus his Theoriques, for the bet- 
ter understanding of the Prutenicall tables, to calculate 
thereby the diuerse motions of the seuen planets. There is 
also hereto added. The making, description, and use of two 
most ingenious & necessarie instruments for sea-men to find 

85 



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m0. 




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Cercaine 

ERRORS IN 

NAVIGATION, 

Arifing cichcr of the or^ 
dinarie' erroneous tnal^ng 

or vfing of the fca Chart, Com* 

pafle, Croflcftaffe, and Tables of 

<le€liiuitionofdieSuiioe, and 

fx*dStarres tkteStdMd 

(orreded. 

By E. W 



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Printed at London by Valentiae . 
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71. WRIGHT, 

86 



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7U. WRIGHT. iRtductd.) 



87 



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7€ 



GVILIEL. GILBERTI 




Quo propiores fiierinc partes aequinodiali>c6 magis obliqu^ allici- 
iincmagnetica:acpolisvicmiores partes magis diredi aduocan^ia 
polisdirediflime«£a(lein eda ratio eftconuerfionis magnetuom- 
nium qui (iint rotundi & qui funt longi/ed in longis experimentum 
eftfiicuius. Nam inqu&uis fonnd eft verticicas, &funtpoIi$ fed 
propter malam fortnam & ioa^qualem^ {a:piils ^uibufdam malis im- 
pediuntur. Si lapis longusftient^ vertex ver6 m finibus , nonin la- 
teribus ;fortiiis in vertice allicit • Conferunt cnim partes vires for* 
tiores in polum redis lineis, quim obliquis. Sic lapis, & tellus natii« 
r& confonnant motus magneticos. 

CAP. VIL 
De pocencia virtucis magnecica?^ 6c natura 

in orbem extenfibili. 

Vnditur virtus magn erica vndequaque circa corpus 
magneticum in orbem \ circa terrellain fphxnc^ j ia 
alijslapidumfiguris, m^sconfiiie & inxqualicer, 
N ec tamen in rerum natura fubfiftit orbis, aut virtus 
per aerem ftiia permanens, aut eflentialis; fed mag- 

nes 

72. GILBERT. (Reduced.) 




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CATALOGUE OP WHBBLEk GtPT 

out thereby the latitude of any place upon the sea or land, 
in the darkest night that is, without the helpe of sunne, 
moone or starre. First invented by Doctor Gilbert and now 
set downe by Master Blundeville. 3 I.+292 pp. ill. pi. Sm. 4to. 
London, Adam Islip. London, 1602 

The author recognizes his indebtedness to Gilbert, p. 279, for two magnetic 
instruments held to be useful for finding the position of a ship at sea. 
The method is based, however, on two errors into which Gilbert had fallen, 
viz: (a) that the magnetic equator and magnetic poles coincide with those of 
the earth; (b) that the isocHnic lines coincide with parallels of latitude. 
This quaint work was published during Gilbert's lifetime. 
— See also 91. 

75. Nautonnier, Guillaume de. (Sieur de Castelfranco.) La mecometrie 

de I'eymant c'est-a-dire la maniere de mesurer les longitudes 
par le moyen de I'eymant par laquelle est enseigne un tres 
certain moyen, auparavant inconnu, de trouver les longitudes 
geographiques de tous lieux, aussy facilement que la latitude. 
Davantage y est demonstre la declinaison de la guideymant 
pour les lieux. — Mecographie de Teymant, c'est-a-dire la de- 
scription des longitudes trouvees par les observations des 
declinaisons de I'eymant. 16 I.+12 pp. +2 I.+327 PP.+6 I.+32 
pp. ill. map. Folio (title-page missing.) Venes et Tolose, 
chez I'auteur et chez Raimond Colonies a Courteneufue. 

Venes & Toulouse, 1603-1604 

Elaborate treatment of the magnet as a means of determining longitude. 
The method was based on erroneous assumptions. The figures on pp. 239, 
240, 246 are specially interesting. Engraved title page to each part; that of 
part 2 reads: La micographie de I'eymant. . . . 

76. Morales (otherwise Albero), Caspar. ( .) Libro de 

las virtudes y propiedades maravillosas de las piedras preci- 
osas. 8 1.+378 pp.-|-4 1. i2mo. Madrid, Luis Sanchez. 

Madrid, 1605 
Very rare work on precious stones; the chapter on the lodestone is a repeti* 
tion of fabulous properties attributed to it; such as that it cures dropsy 
and is an antidote against poison. 

77. d'Acosta, Jose. (1539-1600.) Histoire naturelle et moralle des 

Indes, tant Orientalles qu'Occidentalles. Ou il est traitt6 des 
choses remarquables du ciel, des elemens, metaux, plantes & 
animaux qui sont propres de ces pais. Ensemble des moeurs, 
ceremonies, loix, gouvernements & guerres des mesmes In- 
diens. Composee en castillan par Joseph Acosta, & traduite 
en fran^ois par Robert Regnault Cauxois. Derniere edition, 
revue & cor. de nouveau. 8 I.+352 pp +18 1. i2mo. Paris, 
Marc Orry. Paris, 1606 

Power communicated to iron when rubbed with a lodestone, p. 34; polarity 
developed by such rubbing, p. 35; "variation," p. 35, where it is said that 
there are four places known in which there is no variation. Chap, xxix 
mentions properties of amber other than electrical. The author, a Spanish 
Jesuit, lived for some time in Peru. 

1-7 89 



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Stuff ^0 oitt (rep SReil; cU 

mm/ttn monnyc^cr fc^icn rtc^ ^orm 

6il^<t» cfn i«lit!fr(id^ Secret end 

tcr Q5<Mier tMf anNll/tm^(($gal^cn(nt(r (r# 
(Icnedirioo triMt AtH'<uid^ / ivcff^nurflC' 
k5r(eChymtci,Pbyricti)iit> Medici vctfiatt# 
ecn.!}ei:f itf(rt>iO <a?»(ati j(lllifUlcNll^cn tv 
gufcn ii>i<b«cXiiiififilrjid|^f((&fliil/an«^^ 
gc^cit. (dfoffi «B(r McgdnicJliM^aiaran gc1e# 
gm ^a|imandn€9f<niltflbnll(fftc»^f^ 

|«ng((fn Miff |l^ M«r 9rf9 tSRdl 6aMg(ii 
fAitx/HnCinfcf (M^ «Mi«fa/»dOai4(|0 
(cii(rmtitNi()ai»j| ^a^(lf9Kni<.trfnillf<((e»n» 

ticlm fntor Mtimg dncr^(rdt/Cicfmr 

(em^iigiMitfc^ictttid^tNrd / cfticr irtc 
^;ran^cr/ (onfti wp^m mtt iwcvoi ^rcu»« 

fircutcii 



73. SUNDE. 



90 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

78. Harward, Simon. ( .) A discourse of the severall kinds 

and causes of lightning written by occasion of a fearefull 
lightning which in the 17 November, 1606, did burne up the 
spire steeple of Blechingley. 12 1. Sm. 4to. London, John 
Windet. London, 1607 

This curious discourse contains an allusion to the efficiency of guns and bells 
in averting the dangers of lightning. "By the stirring of the aire, the 
cloudes may be the sooner dispersed and driven away." 

79. Scaliger, Julius Caesar. (1484-1558.) Exotericarum exercitationum 

liber xv. De Subtilitate ad Hieronymum Cardanum. 8 1.+ 
1129 PP.+46 1. i2mo. Francofurti, apud Claudium Marnium. 

Frankfort, 1607 
Italian scholar and critic (Delia Scala): how a magnet may lose its strength, 
P< 374; the lodestone in general, p. 446; magnetic attractions and repulsions, 
p. 1074. Some of Scaliger's opinions and statements were criticized by Gil- 
bert, which elicited from Joseph Justus Scaliger, the philologist, depreciatory 
remarks about "a certain Englishman who produced a book on the magnet 
three years ago which has not justified the expectations formed of it." (See 
No. 37.) 
8o.* Solinus, Caius Julius. (3d Century.) Polyhistor, vel, rerura toto 
orbc memorabilium thesaurus. Hac postrema editione adiectus 
est Pomponii Melae liber dc Situ Orbis. 8 I.+203 pp.+2 1. 
-f no pp. 12m o. Lugduni, Claudius Larjot. Lyons, j6og 

This work on ethnography and natural history was written probably in the 
3rd Century; it is a compilation from Pliny; references to "lychnites" and 
the lodestone, p. 188; biographical notice of the author. 
— See also 16. 

8i.* Alstedy Johann Hcinrich. (i 588-1638.) Compendium physicac 
in quinque partes, no pp. i6mo. Herbornae Nassoviorum. 

Herborn, 1610 
Treats briefly of the world, plants, minerals, meteors, the elements; tides, 
p. 71; and the magnet, p. 90. 

8a. Arlensis, (de Scudalupis) Pierre. (Fl. 1580.) Sympathia sep- 
tem metallorum, ac septem selectorum lapidum ad planetas. 
2 L+pp. 245-470+35 1. i2mo. Parisiis, David Gillius. 

Paris, 1610 
The author, Peter of Aries, states, p. 275, that he tried to work a pair of 
sympathetic compasses after the manner described by Porta but failed; p. 
44s, the lodestone is said not to be a metal because it is not metallic through* 
out; p. 45a, the declination for Paris is given as 7* or 8** E; p. 454, Cardan 
is quoted as saying that the lodestone attracts silver; p. 441, Gilbert is 
spoken of as doctissimus vir; p. 453, loss of magnetic properties by heat. 
The first edition was published in Rome; it was republished in Madrid in 
1602. This is the third and re-edited edition. ' The first edition appeared 
about 1540. 
— See also 83. 

83. Leonardus, Camillus. (i6th Century.) Speculum lapidum; cui ac- 
eessit Sympathia septem metallorum ac septem selectorum 
lapidum ad planetas D. Petri Arlensis dc Scudalupis. 22 1.+ 
499 PP-+S2 1. portr. i2mo. Parisiis, Carolus Seuestre. 

Paris, 1610 
Celebrated treatise on gems, original edition, 1502. Reference to succinum 

91 



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THE 

Theoriques of the fcuen Planets, fliewing 

all their diucrfc motions, and all other Accidents, cal- 
led Pa(fions,thcrcunto belonging. Now more plainly fct forth in 

our mother tongue by M. Blundttule^^han cuerilicy hauc been heretofore io any 

other tongue whatfoeucr^and that with fuch pleafantden(ionl\ratiuc figures,a$ euc- 

sy man tljat hath any skill in Arithmeticke, may cafily vnderftanJ the fame. 

A Booke moft QecefTartc for all Gentlemen that are Jefirous to bcskiU 

full in Aftroooroietand for all Pilots and Sea-mea,or any others 

that Joue to fcrue (he Prince oitthc Sea. or by tho 

Sea to trauell into forrainc Countries. 

Whereunto is added by the faid Mafler 

"^lundewle, a breefe Extraifi: by him made, of ^agi^ 
n/^ his Theoriques, for the better vnderftanding of the 

PcuteAicaU Tables^ to calculate thereby thediuerfc mo* 
tions of the feueb Planets* 

There is alfo hereto added. The making,defcriptionj 

and vie, of two moft ingenious and neceflarie Infhuinents foe 

Se4'meni t^fifid out tha etj the Utitudiof any VUccvfontbtSu 

n L4nd*,ifkiiHdavhifi ni^t tUt t\ without thf ktipe pfSunne^ Moone, tr Siorit* 

' Fi/fi inu*^tdiy M» D^SJor Gilbert, 4Pi9fi txctUent Phil^phtr, dod 

^Pierpf tftt •rdinttth 'Phy/idans to her MMiiefHe : and new heri 

fkiufly fit irarne in our mother iofigite bj 

Uitfier j^lundcuilc* 




LONDON, 

Printed by Adam Iflip. 

1 tf O 1.- 

74. BLUNDEVILLE. (Reduced.) 

92 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

or yellow amber and gagates or black amber, p. io8. Varieties of lodestone, 
p. 128. First instance of filar suspension used for magnets, p. 129. (See 
No. 8a.) The book is dedicated to Caesar Borgia. 

83a. (English translation.) The mirror of stones, in which the 

nature, generation, properties, virtues and various species of 
more than 200 different jewels, precious and rare stones arc 
distinctly described. Now first translated into English. 240 
pp. i2mo. London, for Freeman. London, 1750 

Translation of famous book on gems: lyncurius, p. 116; ligurius, p. 118; the 
lodestone, p. 206; diamond and garlic myths, p. 207; magnet suspended by 
a fiber, filar suspension, p. 207. Book III (engraved stones) omitted. 
— See also 5. 

84. Bongars, Jacques. (1554-1612.) Gesta Dei per Francos, sive 

Orientalium expeditionum et Regni Francorum Hieroso- 
limitani historia a variis, sed illius aevi scriptoribus, litteris 
commendata; nunc primum aut editis, aut ad libros veteres 
emendatis. Auctores praefatio ad lectorem exhibet. Orien- 
talis historiae tomus primus (et secundus). (Vol. 2 by Marino 
Sanuto Torsello, has special title-page:) Liber secretorum 
fidelium crucis super Terrae Sanctae recuperatione et con- 
servatione quo et Terrae Sanctae historia ab origine & 
eiusdem vicinarumque provinciarum geographica descriptio 
continetur. Cuius auctor Marinus Sanctus dictus Torsellus 
patricius venetus. Nunc primum, cum libello eiusdem argu- 
menti, sine auctoris nomine, ex mss. veteribus editus. 2 vols, 
in I. 1263+373 pp. Folio. Hanoviae, heredes Joan. Aubrii. 

Hanau, 1611 

The history of the Orient from p. 1051 to p. X145 of this celebrated work is 
taken from Cardinal Jacques de Vitry, who died in Rome in 1244* In these 
pages, we find the earliest reference by a European writer to the use of 
the magnet for navigating purposes, p. 11 06; gagates and lyncurium are men- 
tioned on p. 1 1 07. Cardinal de Vitry wrote his famous history of -Jerusalem 
about the year 12 18. The name of Peregrinus occurs on fol. (e). 

85. Goclenius, Rodolphus (the younger). (1572-1621.) Tractatus 

novus de magnetica vulnerum curatione, citra ullum et 
dolorcm et remedii applicationem et superstitionem. Huic 
annexus est alter, de luxuriosis ac portentosis nostri seculi 
conviviis. 4 I.+174 pp. i2mo. Francofurti, impensis Petri 
Musculi. Frankfort, 1613 

Book on "Natural Magic," a favorite subject of the time: supposed mag- 
netic cure of wounds, p. 88. (See Nos. 113, 119, 120, 152.) 
— See also 119. 

86. Ridley, Mark. (1560-1624.) A short treatise of magneticall bodies 

and motions. 7 1.+158 pp. ill. portr. Sm. 4to. London, Nich- 
olas Okes. London, 1613 

This tract is based on Gilbert's De Magnete (see No. 72)^ whose labors are 
spoken of in the preface as "the greatest and best in magneticall philosophy." 

93 



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SECOND LIVRE DE 

LA MECOMETRIE DE 

L'EYMANT. 

Auqael eft defcrit rvfage, &: praAique des preceptes contenus en b 

Tbcorique precedence; & en(eign6coinmeiuparle moyeil 

^dela Guydeymanc^lfaui prendre leslongicudes Geo- 

graphiques de couc lieu propol^^ loir par 

Terre, ou par Mer. 

Detinuention de GmlldMmedeVautonmtrtSiiMrdiCsfiilfrm^^ 
en Ldnguedoc. 




c^mec ^riuUege du I(jy. 
M.P.G.11II. 

75. XAUTONNIER. (Reduced,) 
94 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

Archdeacon Barlowe attacked Ridley in the first of electrical controversies, 
going so far as to claim that Ridley had stolen his manuscript and embodied 
its contents in this treatise. (See No. 89.) 

87. Wright, Edward. (1560-1615.) The description and use of the 

Sphaere divided into three principal parts. 4 l.-f 104 pp. ill. 
Sm. 4to. London, for John Tap. London, 1613 

This little work treats exclusively of astronomical problems. The author, a 
distinguished mathematician, constructed a sphere which represented the mo- 
tions of the moon and planets. 
— See also 71. 

88. Foscarini, Paolo Antonio. (1580-1616.) Epistola circa P3rthagori- 

corum, & Copernici opinion em de mobilitate terrae et stabili- 
tate solis, et de novo systemate seu constitutione mundi. 
In qua Sacrae scripturae autoritates adversus hanc opinionem 
adductae conciliantur. pp. 465-495+12 1. 4to. Napoli, Lazarus 
Scorrigius. Naples, 1615 

Astronomical systems of the world from the time of Pythagoras to that of 
Copernicus. The author, a Carmelite monk, defends the Copemican system. 

89. Barlow (or Barlowe), WillianL ( ?-i625.) Magneticall ad- 

vertisements; or. Divers pertinent observations, and approved 
experiments concerning the nature and properties of the load- 
stone. 8 1.-I-86 pp.+i 1. ill. Sm. 4to. London, E. Griffin. 

London, 1616 

Compendium of what was known about the magnet and the mariner's compass 
in the author's time. In the preface he acknowledges his indebtedness 
to Gilbert. Appended to the tract is a letter from Gilbert to Barlowe which 
shows that he (Gilbert) intended to make important additions to his De Mag- 
nete. (See No. 72 and note to No. 86.) The term magnetixme is said to 
occur for the first time in this work; see the 2nd page of The Epistle Dedi- 
catoire. Kircher has the term electro-magnetismus as title to a chapter in 
his Magnet sive de Arte Magnetica, 1641, (See No. zi6.) Barlowe was 
Archdeacon of Salisbury. 

89a. ^New edition, with notes by William Sturgeon, xv-f 78 pp. 

ill. I pi. i2mo. London, Sherwood. London, 1843 

Sturgeon is well known for his magnetical investigations, author of 
numerous researches in elect romagnetism. 
— See also 69. 

90. Strada, Famianus. (1572-1649.) Prolusiones academicae. Nunc 

demum ab auctore recognitae, atque suis Indicibus illustratae. 
6 1.-I-420 pp.+i8 1. i2mo. Lugduni, apud Horatium Garden. 

Lyons, 1617 
This work of the Italian Jesuit is noted for a poem on an imaginary mag- 
netic telegraph, beginning p. 306. This telegraph consisted of two needles 
stroked by the same lodestone and attached to two separate, alphabetical 
dials. A metrical translation of this poem will be found in Hakewill's 
Apologue (See No. 99). The poem is referred to in Spectator, No. 241 and 
Guaxrdian, No. 119. A similar arrangement of sympathetic magnets had 
been described by Porta in his Magiae Naturalis, 1589, Book vii (see No. 
64); (see also No. 64), Sunde, Steganologia (No. 73); Bertelli (No. i7ii); 
Gherardi (No. 1799); Solly (No. 2875); Axon (No. 3857); Grimshaw (No, 
^875); Jevons (No. 3878); Wheatley (No. 4156). 

. ?§ 



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83. LBONARDVS. 



96 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

90a. Another edition; Prolusiones academicae. Nunc secundo 

ab auctore recognitae, atque suis Indicibus illustratae. 6 l.-f- 
420 PP.+17 1. i2mo. Lugduni, sumptibus Jacobi Cardon ct 
Petri Cavellat. Lyons, 1627 

— See also 99, 102, 11 1, 213, 344, 874. 

gi. Blundeville, Thomas. (1530 (?) — .) His exercises, contayning 
eight treatises, the titles whereof are set downe in the next 
printed page: which treatises are very necessary to be read 
and learned of all young Gentlemen that have not beene 
exercised in such Disciplines, and yet are desirous to have 
knowledge as well in Cosmographie, Astronomie, and Ge- 
ographie, as also in the Art of Navigation, in which art it is 
impossible to profit without the helpe of these, or such like 
illustrations. The sixth edition corrected and augmented. 
7 1-+799 PP- ill- map, tab. Sm. 4to. London, William Stansby. 

London^ 1622 

Chap, xxiiii. beginning p. 681 of this popularly- written work contains a de- 
scription of the compass and its use in navigation. A method is given in 
Chap. xxvi. for determining the "Variation" at any place; the first edition 
appeared in 1594. 
— See also 74. 

ga. Zacarie (or Zachaire, Zachariae, Zacharias), Denis. (1510-1556.) 
Livre d'arithmetique et geometrie, avec I'art d'arpenter & 
mesurer toutes superficies de terre. Ensemble un traicte 
de la boussole. 4 I.+55+64+30 pp.+i 1. ill. i2mo. Paris, 
Nicholas Rousset. Paris, 162$ 

This little book on the application of geometry contains an interesting chapter 
on the topographical use of the compass. 

93. (Van Etten, Henry) pseud, (i.e. Jean Leurechon.) (1591-1670.) 
Recreation mathematique, composee de plusieurs problemes, 
plaisants et facetieux, en fait d'Arithmetique, Geometrie, 
Mecanique, Optiq.; et autres parties de ces belles sciences. 
7 I.+188 pp. 5 plates, i2mo. Paris, chez Rolet Boutonne. 

Paris, 1626 
The author's real name was Jean Leurechon, a French Jesuit. Problem 
74, p. 94, treats of the lodestone and of needles rubbed by it. On p. 96, it is 
said that the "variation" beyond the Fortunate Isles is about 
8*. The next paragraph refers to sympathetic magnets and the possibility 
of communicating with persons at a distance by means of a dial-plate and 
movable magnet pivoted at the center. The author doei not believe that 
any such magnets can be found. Diagram of magnetic telegraph, p. 94. 
This book acquired considerable celebrity; first edition, 1624; English trans- 
lation, 1633. (See Bertelli, 'No. 1711; Gherardi, 1799.) 

93a. Les recreations mathematiques, avec I'examen de scs pro- 
blemes en Arithmetique, Geometrie, Mecanique, Optique; 
et autres parties de ces belles sciences. Premierement reueu 
par D(enis) Henrion, depuis par M. Mydorge et tout nouvelle- 

97 



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86. RIDLEY. (Reduced.) 
98 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

ment corrige et augmentc. Cinquieme et derniere edition. 
8 I.+416 pp. ill. i6mo. Paris, Cardin Besongne. 

Paris, 1659 
Fifth edition of the celebrated work of the French Jesuit; disproves magnetic 
communication between distant persons, p. 161; armed lodestonea, p. 161; 
demagnetization, p. 165; how to find the poles of a magnet, p. 166. 

93b. (English translation.) Mathematical! recreations; or, a col- 
lection of sundrie problemes and experiments in arithmeticke, 
cosmographie, astronomic, architecture, chimistrie, etc., ex- 
tracted out of the ancient and moderne philosophers, now de- 
livered into English tonge, with the examinations, corrections 
and augmentations (by W. Oughtred). 21 I.+286 pp.+2 1. ill. 
i2mo. London, for Richard Hawkins. London, 1633 

Problem 67, p. 103, is the interesting part of this work, referring as it 
does to the variation of the compass. This translation omits the statement 
contained in the original edition of 1634 that along the meridian of the 
Fortunate Isles (the Canaries), the needle points true north and south. The 
magnetic telegraph is described and pictured on p. 104. The author does 
not believe that any magnet with such properties can be found. The action 
of fire and garlic on the magnet is mentioned, p. 105. 

93c, Another edition. Mathematical recreations; or, a collection 

of many problems extracted out of the ancient and modern 
philosophers written first in Greek & Latin, lately compil'd 
in French and now in English with the examinations and 
augmentations of divers modern mathematicians; whereunto 
is added. The description and use of the double horizontal 
dyal, by William Oughtred. 9 I.+282 pp.+i I.+19 pp. ill. 
pi. i2mo. London, for W. Leake. London, 1674 

The fable about Mahomet's coffin, p. 104; magnetic declination, p. 105; 

sympathetic compass, p. 106; how to find the poles of a lodestone, p. 107. 

— See also loi, 151. 

94.* Fromondus, Libertus. (1587-1653.) Meteorologicorum libri sex. 
6 I.+420 pp. +10 1. 4to. Antverpiae, ex ofiicina Plantiniana, 
apud Balthasarem Moretum. Antwerp ^ 1627 

Pulse used in calculating distance of thunder. 

95. Drebbely C(ornelius). (1572-1634.) Ein kurtzer Tractat von der 

Natur der Elementen, und wie sie den Wind, Regen, Blitz 
und Donner verursachen. Ins Hoch Teutsch uebergesetzt 
durch J. E. Burggraffen. 7 I.+25 pp. ill. i6mo. Franckfurt am 
Mayn, C. Roetell. Frankfort, 162S 

Short treatise on the elements, containing a chapter, p. 16, on lightning and 
thunder. Bound with it is a translation of the same into Dutch, followed 
by a tract on the Fifth Essence permeating all things (ether?). Drebbel 
spent the last fourteen years of his life in London, where he was received 
with favor. He constructed a submarine boat in which he made a trip 
from Westminster to Greenwich. 

95a. Grondige oplossinge van de natuuren eygenschappen der ele- 
menten en hoc sy veroorsaken donder blixem, hitte, koude, 
wind, regen, hagel, sneeuw etc. En waar toe sy dienstig zijn. 

99 



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The E fifth Dedicatorie, 

my felfe by the fpace of chefe forty yeeres, 
haue fomewhat eatred (as my leaTure and oc- 
cafions would lerue , andatoy tim<s ) partly 
by reading other mens writings , and partly 
by my o wne indudrie and pradize ; Whereby 
what 1 haue coileded, and found, this little 
Treatife will (hew. Which,whether it be any 
thiag>or nothiugt I do referre vnto the iudid- 
ous ^a^s condclerationybutin fpecial to your 
fauorable conftrudion, and good acceptance. 
Many yeeres fince diuers of my good 
friends, aud among them Tome honourable 
perlbns,were very defirous thati (houldpub- 
lini fuch obferuations as I had colleded, both 
before, and alfo after the fetting forth of D. 
Gilberts booke : And none more earned here- 
in then D. 6i^f himfelfe, vnto whom Icorn* 
mum'catedwhati h;ld ob(erued.of my felfe, 
and what I had built vpon his foundation of 
the Ht^i/me of the earth. Both which hee 
liked well and wiflied me to publi(h them, as 
I remember at the time of our priuate confe- 
rence, as may further appeare by letters that I 
receiued from him { which I haue to (hew vn« 
derhfs ownehand^ 

But 



89. BARLOW. P. 2. 



100 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

Als mede een klare beschrijving van de Quinta Essentia. Sec- 
ond edition. 115 pp. i2mo. Rotterdam, Adriaan van Dijk. 

Rotterdam, 1701 
— See also 104. 

96.t Branca, Giovanni. (1571-? — .) Le machine, volume nuovo et 
di molto artificio da fare effetti maravigliosi tanto spiritali 
quanto di animate operatione arichito di bellisime figure 
con le dichiarationi a ciascuna di esse in lingua volgare et 
latina. 3+404-14+23 1. ill. 4to. Roma, J. Mascardi. 

Rome, 1629 
Collection of 63 curious engravings, 23 of which refer to hydraulic appli- 
ances and 40 to machines for various uses; contains the first suggestion of the 
modern steam turbine; brief descriptions in Italian and Latin. 

97. Cabeo, Nicolo. (1585-1650.) Philosophia magnetica, in qua mag- 

netis natura penitus explicatur et omnium quae hoc lapide 
cernuntur, causae propriae afferuntur, nova etiam pyxis 
construitur, quae propriam poli elevationem, cum suo me- 
ridiano, ubique demonstrat, multa quoque dicuntur dc elcc- 
tricis et aliis attractionibus et eorum causis, additis figuris 
variis tam aeneis quam ligno incisis. 9 I.+412 pp.+6 1. ill. 
Folio. Coloniae, apud J. Kinckium. Cologne, i62g 

On p. 194 of this famous work of the great Italian Jesuit will be found the 
first recognition of electrical repulsion. Gilbert's discoveries and theories 
are freely discussed, the latter often adversely. Sympathetic telegraphy dis- 
proved, p. 301; magnetic field mapped out by iron filings; also diagrams of 
the magnetic (lover's) telegraph. Cabeo (Cabaeus) opposed the views of 
Copernicus on astronomy as well as those of Gilbert on terrestrial magnetism. 
Copies of this first edition, (which was also published with a Ferrara imprint), 
are much sought after. (See No. 171 1.) 

98. Panciroliy Guido. (1523- 1599.) Guidon is Pancirolli Rerum memo- 

rabilium pars prior (et posterior). Vol. i. Guidonis Panci- 
rolli Rerum memorabilium sive deperditarum pars prior 
commentariis illustrata, et locis prope innumeris po- 
stremum aucta ab Henrico Salmuth. Vol. ii. Guidonis 
Pancirolli jc. clarissimi Nova reperta sive rerum 
memorabilium recens inventarum pars posterior. 6 1.+349 PP- 
+11 I.+4I.+313 pp.+Sl. 4to. Francofurti, sumptibus Gode- 
fridi Tampachij. Frankfort, {i629)-i63i 

Work of the Italian jurist and antiquary on ancient arts and inventions. 
Vol. i. reference on p. 121 to amber as tears shed by trees and often 
enclosing insects. Vol. ii. the mariner's compass, p. 23a; the sympathetic 
compasses, p. 237. The first Latin edition translated from the Italian by 
Salmuth was published 1599-1602. 

99. Hakewill, George. (1579-1640.) An Apologie or Declaration of 

the power and providence of God in the government of the 
world. The second edition, revised, and augmented; with 
advertisements and tables newly annexed in the end of the 

lOI 



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90. STRADA. (Reduced.) 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

Book, and a frontispiece by Cecill. 20 I.+523 pp.+34 1. Folio. 
Oxford, William Turner. Oxford, 1630 

The mariner's compass, p. 281; the Latin text and metrical translation of 
Strada's famous poem on sympathetic compasses, p. 286. (See No. 90.) 
Hakewill was Doctor of Divinity and Archdeacon of Surrey. (See No. 3857.) 

100. Longinus, Caesar. ( .) Trinum magicum, sive Secre- 

torum magicorum opus. I. De Magia Natural!, artificiosa et 
superstitiosa disquisitiones axiomaticae. II. Theatrum 
Naturae praeter curam magneticam et veterum sophorum 
sigilla et imagines magicas, etiam conclusiones physicas, 
elementales, coelestes et infernales exhibens. III. Oracula 
Zoroastris et mysteria mysticae philosophiae Hebraeorum, 
Chaldaeorum, Aegyptiorum, Persarum, Orphicorum, etc., et 
Pythagoricorum,. Accessere nonnulla secreta secretorum et 
mirabilia mundi, et Tractatus de proprii cuiusque nati dae- 
monis inquisitione. 12 I.+498 pp.+2 1. i6mo. Francofurti, 
sumptibus Conradi Elfridi. Frankfort, 1630 

Unimportant references to the lodestone, pp. 181-244. 

xox. Mydorge, Claude. (1585-1647.) Examen du livre des recreations 
mathematiques et de ses problemes en geometric, mechani- 
que, optique, et catoptrique. Ou sont aussi discutees et 
restablies plusieurs experiences physiques y proposees. 
(Notes par D(enis) H(enrion)). 8 1.4-28o+io6 pp.+6 1. 
+39 PP- ill- i2mo. Paris, Robert Boutonne. Paris, 1630 

This is the Mathematical Recreations of Van Etten (Jean Leurechon) to 
each problem of which the author adds remarks of his own. The sympa- 
thetic telegraph, pp. 140, 144; method of finding magnetic variation; the 
illustrations are numerous and ingenious. 
— See also 93. 

102. Kircher, Athanasius. (1601-1680.) Ars magnesia hoc est dis- 

quisitio bipartita empirica seu experimentalis physico-mathe- 
matica de natura, viribus et prodigiosis effectibus magnetis 
quam Cum theorematice, turn problematice propositam, 
nouaque methodo ac apodictica seu demonstratiua traditam, 
variisque usibus ac diuturna experientia comprobatam faente 
Deo, tuebitur D. Joan-Jac. Sweigkhardus a Freihausen; 
praeside et authore Athanasio Kircher. 4 I.+63 pp., ill. Sm. 
4to. Herbipoli, typis Eliae Michaelis Zwick. 

Wurzhurg, 1631 
This smaller and very rare work of the celebrated German Jesuit contains 
remarks on Porta's sympathetic magnetic telegraph, p. 35; Strada's poem on 
sympathetic compasses, p. 36 (see No. 90); magnetic games and paradoxes, 
p. 54; superstitious magnetic practices, p. 58. 
— See also 116, 158, 159, 169, 191, 247. 

103. Lehman, Abraham. ( .) Keraunologia sive fulminum 

theoria meteorologica. 7 1. Sm. 4to. Witteberge, Christiani 
Tham. Wittenberg, 1631 

Thesis on lightning and thunder: thunder-stones, bell-ringing during electric 
storms, etc. 

103 



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LIBERTI FROMONDI 

S. TH. L. 

Ccdlegij Faiconis in Academia Louanienfi . 
Philoibphia? Profeflbris Primarij 

METEOROLOGICORVM 

L I B R I SEX. 




A N T V E R P I iE, 

EX OFFICINA PLANTINIANA, 

Apud RalchataremMorctum, Sc Viduam 

loanni^ .Moied,& Io.Meurnum. 



M. DC XXVII. 

94. FROMONDUS. (Reduced.) 
104 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

Z04. Valentinus, Bazilius. (Fifteenth Century.) Conclusiones ofte 
Sluytredonen aller siiner Schriften ende Tractaten van Swavel 
Vitriol ende Magneet. Haer by geboecht is een Tractaet 
van de Nature der vier elementen door Cornelis Drebbel. iii 
pp., ill. Rotterdam, Jan van Waesberge. Rotterdam, 1632 

Reference to the lodestone, pp. 34, 38; lightning and thunder, p. 83. Basil 
Valentine, a Benedictine monk, is often spoken of as the last of the alchemists 
and the first of the chemists. 
— See also 95. 

105. Oddi, Muzio. (1569-1631.) Fabrica ed uso del compasso poli- 
metro. 3 I.+124 pp., ill. Sm. 4to. Milano, appresso Fran- 
cesco Fobella. Milan, 1633 

The compass referred to is the instrument used in drawing. 

xo6t. Liceti, Fortunio. (1577-1657.) Pyronarcha sive de Fulmmum 
natura deque Februm origine, libri duo. 4 1.+I26 pp.+6 1. 
2 plates. Sm. 4to. Patavii. Padua, 1634 

Tract on lightning and thunder, consisting mainly of quotations from 
classical writers. 

107. Stevin, Simon. (1548-1620.) Les oeuvres math^matiques, oi!i 
sont inseres les memoires mathematiques esquels s'est 
exerce le tres-haut et tres-illustre Prince d'Aurenge, Gouv- 
erneur des Provinces des Pays-bas, etc. Le tout reveu, 
corrige et augmente per Albert Girard, Samielois, mathema- 
ticien. 4 I.+224 pp. +678 1. ill. Folio. Leyde, Bon. ct Abr. 
Elsevier. Leyden, 1634 

Stevin was an eminent Flemish engineer and mathematician* This Tolume 
of his collected works contains his celebrated treatises on statics and hydro- 
statics, as well as his great tract on "The method of finding ports" by means 
of the compass, p. 169. Gilbert (£>« Magngtg, Book iv., chap. 9), (see No. 
72), criticizes a statement made on p. 173 about the line of no Tsriation, and 
approves a method invented by Stevin, p. 673, for making ports on 
long voyages by an accurate knowledge of the variation. Instruments for 
determining this variation at sea are described by Stevin on pp. 174, 175. 
— See also 70 bis. 

X08. Galilei, Galileo. (1564-1642.) Systema cosmicum, in quo quat- 
tuor dialogis de Duobus maximis mundi systematibus, 
Ptolemaico et Copernicano, rationibus utrinque propositis 
indefinite ac solide disseritur. Accessit tractatus de motu ex 
Italica lingua Latine conversum, (M. Berneggerus), accessit 
appendix gemina, qua SS Scripturae dicta cum terrae mobili- 
tate conciliantur. 8 1.+495 pp.+i2 1., portr. 4to. Augustae 
Treboc, empensis Elzeviriorum. Strasburg, 1633 

This System of the Universe is one of Galileo's famous works. Discredits 
sympathetic magnetic telegraphy, p. 88; defends Gilbert's theory that the 
earth is a great magnet, p. 393; experiments with armed lodestones, p. 398; 
why their lifting power is increased when armed, p. 400. 
— See also 127. 



1—8 



105 



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1 p 4 Magnet PhiloH 

tc qualibec obnu|)iI«tipne impedieoee efflaniu* impedicar attradio. Terrio 

Juiaoon crahit vllomodo^ficegacar^aacquidlibcciaccrpooatur^ quodef- 
uuium poflic impedire. 
Quod aucem cffiuucum illud fie crahaccommooedo aerem, & aer in gy^ 
zum adus rapiat corpulcula modo expUcaco , fiiadetur ipihi. Primo , qnut, 
fific eledrum pIanu,quod pr^parctur io facie alioua plana,& bene cergacuc 
tota ilia hcits, deiode appiicecat ad crabendunxiuper plaoo corpuicula pr( 
parata £icics, ver(bi!iuin » & corpuicopula noocoDflueoc ad mediam » (c4 
ad oiiiaesex(reaiiutescircoinquaque» & £ercfemperpalex,&corpu{cii« 
la longiorayfiapplicaacynatnexcremicacemadmargiaem aliqaani«atc&t 
lam eztreinitatem oon vcrceoc verfus medium » fed ad alias partes: ergo & 
gnum eftaerem commotum ex plaoo reuerci quafi iogyrum ad margines^ 
& (ecum rapcre corpu(cula,y t dicebam Neque eft neceilc,y c io ifta commor 
done, & gyro accisimercedarpiulfum remporis . quod obijciebac Gilbec* 
tus. Secundo fi bene prarparetur facies eleAri, deinde applicecur ad crahen- 
dum ferri tamcnra.autiigoif velfimiliacorpafculaaliquayitavehemen- 
ler accurreoc ad eledrum* vr, dum ad illud perueoiuor> rcfilianC) & non de^ 
cidant re&a deorium » fed repellantorp rocul addiftanriamtrium , auc 
quactoor digicorum : ergo fignum eftmotum ilium corpufculorum efleez 
commocione aciis, aua; oritur ez efiiuuio ilio, aquo etiam proijciurur pro- 
cul ilia corpurcula;^b enim eflet appolfus cof pufculorum » vt loquitur Gil- 
bertuijipualefeentibus cffluoijs prope eledlrum, refilirentimpellenteim« 
petQadcIe&rum» oecproijcereotur, firuti* quia fie trahitmagoes^quao^ 
CIS vis trahat impetu nuoquam refilit£;rrum} nee repeliitur perueniens ad 
m'agnetem:hic vero cum appulfum corpus , refiliat ctiam « fignum eft mo- 
ueri ab, externo impellente • niroirum ab acre. 

Tectfo non (cmel,neque iterum, fed (xpe> quod dicam, fiim experiuspr^ 
partui faciem eledri^ U applicaui ad trahendam ligni feobem feu limatu- 
ram, ica autem adha;rebancIigne^part]CuIas»TtcfForm3rentquo(ciamveT 
lutti pilos. Obferuaui autem femper tere extremitaces illorum pilorum flu- 
Auare* nutate, ^fubsnde non tarn decidebaotextrcmitates illorum piIo« 
f um quam proi jciebantur proeul , vt manifcfto obferuaui alijs etiam (pc— 
AantibusipoftaliqualemenJmnutacipnem videbamusaliquas ligni par* 
ticulas proijci: ergo fignum eft expirare efHuuium, quopropellituraery 
&fi corpora adeledlium aecurrunti eft quia reuertensaer fecumillade- 
fert. QuodfidicascumGilbeno, fifieretifta aeris commotio benepras^ 

Jarato eleftro , &ad candela; flamulam applicato , commoueretuciilla 
ammuia* quaequolibet leuiflattragitatur. Re(pondcobocprouenireex 
CO quod flamma effluuiam illud ele&ricum difeipat » & alio auertit fiia 
vi| &dire&iooefeuafeenfii ; necpiermittit ; vtaeremin gyruoi agar* 
Vnde npo felum flammam non ttahit elodirum , fed nee perme— 
dtam flammam ad fe trahit aliud. Si addas> quomodo poteft ex cbryftaU 

97. CABEO. (Reduced.) 
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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

X09. GeUibrand, Henry. (1597-1636.) A discourse mathematical on 
the variation of the magneticall needle, together with its ad- 
mirable diminution lately discovered, i I.+22 pp., ill. Sm. 
4to. London, William Jones. London, 1635 

This very scarce tract of 22 pages is of historic interest, being a record of 
Gellibrand's discovery in 1634 of the secular change in magnetic "Variation." 
It is here deduced from the observations of Borough and Norman in 1580, of 
Gunter in 1622 and his own in 1634. Gilbert held that the declination, though 
varying from place to place, is constant at any given place. The daily change 
was detected by George Graham in 1722 and the annual by Cassini between 
1782 and 1791. Henry Gellibrand and Edmund Gunter (inventor of scale) 
were Professors of Mathematics in Gresham College, London. 

109a. Facsimile edition. 7+22 pp., 4to. (Half-title:) Neudrucke 

von Schriften und Karten ueber Meteorologie und Erdmag- 
netismus (hrsg. von G. Hellmann) No. 9. Berlin, A. Asher & 
Co. Berlin, 1897 

—See also 284. 

no. De L'Isle, Le Sieur, pseud, (i.e. Chas. Sorel) (1599-1674.) Des 
talismans; ou figures faites sous certaines constellations, 
pour faire aymer et respecter les hommes, les enrichir, guerir 
leurs maladies, etc., avec des observations contre le livre des 
Cvriositez inovyes de M. I. Gaffarel; et un traicte de Tunguent 
des armes ou vnguent sympathetique et constelle. Le tout tire 
de la seconde partie de la Science des choses corporelles. 
Par le Sieur de L'Isle. 4 l.-f-4i7 PP+i 1. i2mo. Paris, An- 
thoine de Sommaville. Paris, 1636 

Work on astrology; magnetic ointment, p. 341; action of iron on the mag- 
net, the magnet on the pole, the heliotrope on the sun and wine on the vine, 
p. 350. 

nobis. Schwenter, Daniel. (1585-1636.) Deliciae physico-mathema- 
ticae Oder Mathematische und Philosophische Erquickungs- 
stunden, darinnen sechshundert drey und sechzig schoene, 
liebliche und annehmliche Kunststuecklein, Auffgaben und 
Fragen auss der Rechenkunst, Landtmessen, Perspectiv, Na- 
turkuendigung und andern Wissenschaften genommen, be- 
griffen sind. 574 pp. Nuernberg, Jer. Duemlers. 1636. — De- 
liciae mathematicae et physicae. Der mathematischen und 
philosophischen Erquickungsstunden zweyter Theil: beste- 
hend in fuenfhundert nutzlichen und lustigen Kunstfragen, 
nachsinnigen Aufgaben und seroselben grundrichtigen Erklae- 
rungen, aus Athanasio Kirchero, Petro Bettino, Marino Mer- 
sennio, Renato des Cartes, Orontio Fineo, Marino Gethaldo, 
Cornelio Drebbelio, Alexandro Tassoni, Santorio Sanctorii, 
Marco Marci, und vielen andern Mathematicis und Physicis 
zusammen getragen durch Georg Philipp Harsdoerffern. 620 
pp. Niirnberg, Jer. Duemlern. 1677. — Deliciae philosophiae 
et mathematicae: Drittcr Theil, bestehend in fuenfhundert 

107 



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E P i G %^iiA Q^^iM ft4 
A A LeSorenu. 

Vr Magno, minimaf • mioimam Magneudicarim 

Fori multiimmim eft ^ vmcftcm&fbu; 
Magnus enim magnes. meUtismagnecit nunoiifm. 
^crahity&melius &rra minora moiiet*. 
PtintepseftmagQCS^magQci magnerarcrahehac. 
MexujcaSynipadupoianftaavcei^fiiic 





A L I y D. 

>Oelcrni«nointcopis,mare,rerras? Inrpicc} cunAalyBC 
' Eaiibi cfsiluafiia pyjudc monftracc acua* 



102. KIRCHBR, P. 36. (Reduced,) 



108 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

Fragen. 660 pp. Nurnberg, Wolfgang der Juengere. 1692. 
4to. Nuremberg, 1636^1692. 

These three volumes of recreatWe science are a storehouse of the physical 
knowledge of the age. Vol. I, p. 347, repeats the idea of the lover's 
magnetic telegraph in which the author places no belief; part 8 treats of 
the magnet. The armature strengthens the magnet, vol. ii, p. 328; perpetual 
motion produced by magnets discredited, vol. ii, p. 404; magnetic clodc, 
voL ii, p. 466, being the first instance of such a piece of mechanism; voL 
iti, p. 343; bell rung by what may be called the armature of a magnet. 
— See also 73. 

111. (Ward, Samuel.) (1617-168^) Magnetis reductoiium theo- 

logicum tropologicum in quo ejus novus verus et supremus 
usus indicatur. 16 I.4-162 pp. i plate, i6ino. London, im- 
pensts A. M. London, i6$7 

The author gives a spiritual interpretation to the varioui properties of 
the magnet. The illustrations opposite the title-page are interesting. Strada's 
poem is given, p. 150, follow«l by another, on the goldtn magnet which 
is said to attract not iron but gold. (See No. 90.) 

iixa. (English Translation.) The Wonders of the Loadstone, 

or the Loadstone newly reduc't into a divine and morall use. 
(Translated from the Latin, by Sir H. Grimston.) 12 I.+281 
pp. i2mo. London, P. Cole. London, 1640 

112. Fludd, Rob(ert.) (Robertus de Fluctibus.) (1574-1637.) Philo- 

sophia Moysaica, in qua sapientia et scientia creationis et 
creaturarum explicantur. 5 I.+152 1., ill., i pi. Folio. Goudae, 
excudebat Petrus Rommazenius. Gouda, 1638 

Aristotle's views on lightning and thunder refuted, 1. 54; lengthy treatise on 
magnetism based on Gilbert, 1. 97-152; curative properties of the lodestone. 
This work contains one of the earliest notices of the thermometer; Galileo's 
dates back to 1595. The author was an ardent Rosicrucian. An English 
translation appeared in 1659. 

113. Responsum ad hoplocrismaspongum M. Foster! presbiteri, 

ab ipso, ad unguenti armarii validitatem delendam ordinatum, 
hoc est, spongiae M. Fosteri expressio seu elisio. 30+1 1. 
Folio. Goudae, excudebat Petrus Rommazenius. 

Gouda^ 1638 

An answer to a clergyman in defense of the use of certain unguents. (See 
No. 153.) 

114. Tarde, Jean. ( ) Lcs usages du quadrant i Tesguille 

aymant^e, divis^ en deux livres. 61.+ii8pp., ill. Sm. 4to. 
Paris, Jean Gosselin. Paris, 1638 

Treatise on the use of the compass on land and sea. The declination is 
given for Sarlac, p. 17, and for Lyons, p. 19. Needles suspended on pivots 
and in stirrups^ p. 28. 

115. Bacon, Francis. (Baron Verulam.) (i 561-1626.) Of the ad- 

vancement and proficience of learning, or, The partitions 
of sciences, written in Latin, interpreted by Gilbert Wats. 
20 l.-f6o pp.+7 1.+477 pp.+i 1 1., portr. Sm. Folio. Oxford, 
for R. Young. Oxford^ 1640 

The first edition of this translation of Bacon's celebrated work appeared 
during his lifetime. Book iii., chap, iv., contains the author's division of 

109 



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108. GAULEL {Reduced,) 



no 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

the sciences into Physics and Metaphysics. His depreciation of mathe- 
matics and denial of the earth's rotation will be found on p. 146. Gilbert 
ia mentioned but not belauded, pp. 115, 161. 

xx6. Kircher, Athanasius. (1602- 1680.) Magnes sive de arte mag- 
netica opus tripartitum. Quo praeterquam quod universa 
Magnetis Natura, eiusque in omnibus Artibus et Scientijs 
usus nova methodo explicetur, e viribus quoque et prodigi- 
osis effectibus Magneticarum, aliarumque abditarum Naturae 
motionum in Elementis, Lapidibus, Plantis et Animalibus 
elucescentium, multa hucusque incognita Naturae arcana per 
Physica, Medica, Chymica, et Mathematica omnis generis 
experimenta recluduntur. Sumptibus Hermanni Scheus sub 
signo Reginae. 2$ I.+916 pp.+Q 1. ill. 31 plates. 4to. 
Romae, ex typographia Ludovici Grignani. Rome, 1641 

In this first and rare edition of Kircher's celebrated work, the 
learned Jesuit deals with electrics as well as magnetics, showing great yer- 
satility and encyclopaedic knowledge. He controverts Gilbert's theories in 
magnetism and those of Kepler in astronomy. He was a decided anti- 
Copernican. The noun magnetism occurs frequently (first used by Barlow 
in 161 6, see No. 89), while the compound electro-magnetismus is the aston- 
ishing title of a chapter beginning p. 640. The work contains many original 
experiments and demonstrations. 

ii6a. ^Third edition: Magnes sive de arte Magnetica Opus tri- 
partitum quo Universa Magnetis Natura, eiusque in omnibus 
Scientijs et artibus usus, nova methodo explicatur; ac 
praeterea e viribus et prodigiosis effectibus Magneticarum, 
aliarumque abditarum Naturae motionum in Elementis, 
Lapidibus, Plantis, Animalibus elucescentium, multa hucusque 
incognita Naturae per Physica, Medica, Chymica, et Mathe- 
matica omnis generis Experimenta recluduntur. Editio tertia. 
Ab ipso Authore recognita, emendataque, ac multis novorum 
Experimentorum problematis aucta. 16 I.4-618 pp. +14 1., ill. 
Folio. Romae, sumptibus Blasij Deversin et Zanobij Masotti 
Bibliopolarum. Rome, 1634 

The second edition was published in Cologne in 1643, and the last revised 
edition in Rome, 1654. 
— See also los. 

117. Wilkina, John. (1614-1672.) Mercury, or The secret and siyift 
messenger, shewing, how a man may with privacy and speed 
communicate his thoughts to a friend at any distance. 7 1.+ 
180 pp., ill. i2mo. London, for John Maynard. London, 1641 

The author of this ingenious work refers, p. 147, to the directive, magnetic 
action of the earth; to induction through thick masses; and to the mag- 
netic field. The supposed simultaneous operation of sympathetic magnets, 
p. 146; the efficacy of pipes and tubes for the transmission of sound, p. 133; 
and a description of a phonograph from which "the words shall come out 
distinctly and in the same order wherein they were spoken," p. 134. 

117a. Second edition. 7 I.+172 pp.+2 1. i2mo. London, for Rich. 

Baldwin. London, 1694 

— See also ia6. 

Ill 



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DISCOVRSE 

MATHEMATICAL 

ON THE VARIATI- 
ON OF I'HE MAGNETICALL 

Needle, 

Togcthcrwitli Its admirable Diminu^ 
donlately difcovercd. 

Byffenty GeBihrand?tofeff6t of Aftronomic 
in Grejham QBifge. 



...._'ji 



BO '■■ 

Tfiet tmfM*, (fuo ifin qiu Him Utm^ in hem dies extriln», 
fttwgieris 4vi ditiientis. Sen. Nat* C^ft* lib. 7. cap. t^* 

10ND0 2C, 
Printed by pyi/ifi4m /mt/, dweOuig io 
Red-cro(rc-ftrcct«itf5t« 

109. GBLLIBRAND. (.Rtduetd.) 
112 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

ii8. Descartes, Rene, (du Perron.) (Renatus Cartesius.) (1596- 
1650.) Epistola ad celeberrimum virum D. Gisbertum 
Voetium. In qua examinantur duo libri, nuper pro Voedo Ul- 
trajecti simul editi, unus de Confraternitate Mariana, alter de 
Philosophia Cartesiana. 88 pp. 4to. (Amsteldami, L. Elzevir.) 

Amsterdam, 1643 

In thia letter, Descartes critically reviews two philosophical works written 
by Voet, the Dutch scholar and theologian. 
— See also 128, 138, 149, 160. 

119. Goclenius, Rodolphus. (the younger.) (1572-1621.) Mirabilium 

naturae liber, concordias et repugnantias rerum in plantis, ani- 
malibus, animaliumque morbis et partibus, manifestans, nunc 
primo in lucem datus. Adjecta est nova defensio magneticae 
curationis vulnerum. 8 I.+303 pp., i2mo. Francofurti, apud 
J. D. Zunnerum. Frankfort, 1643 

Magnetic and electrical matters, pp. 175-209. The author, Professor of 
physics in Marburg, was a follower of Gilbert. (See Nos. 85, 113, 130, 152.) 
— See also 85. 

120. Boodt, Anselm Boetius de. (1550-1632.) Le parfaict joaillier, ou, 

Histoire des pierreries, ou elles sont amplement descrites 
compost par Boece de Boot et de nouveau enrichi de belles 
annotations, indices et figures per Andre Toll. (Traduit du 
Latin par Jean Bachow). 16 1.+746 pp.+i8 1., ill. i2mo. Lyon, 
J. A. Huguetoan. Lyons, 1644 

The first edition of this celebrated work of the Dutch mineralogist on gems 
and minerals was written in Latin and published in 1609. The lodestone and 
properties, pp. 564-612. The author disproves, p. 599, the possibility of two 
persons communicating with each other at a distance by means of a sym- 
pathetic, magnetic telegraph. 

laoa. Gemmarum et lapidum historia, quam olim edidit Anselmus 

Boetius de Boot, postea Adr. Tollius recensuit et commen- 
tariis illustravit. Tertia editio, cui accedunt Joannis de Laet 
De gemmis et lapidibus libri duo et Theophrasti liber de 
lapidibus, Graece et Latine. 4 1.4-576 PP.+12+32 I.+210 pp.+3 
1., ill. tabl. i2mo. Lugduni Batavorum, Joannis Maire. 

Leyden, 1647 
The properties and uses of the lodestone and magnet are described, pp. 
438-475; declination, p. 453. Latin translation of No. Z20. 
— See also 331. 

121- Blaeu, Guillaume. (1571-1638.) Le theatre du monde; ou, 
Nouvel atlas contenant les cartes et descriptions de tous 
les pais de la terre. 3 volumes (complete in 4). Large folio. 
Amsterdami, apud Johannem Guiljelmi F. Blaeu. 

Amsterdam, 164$ 

Translation of the extensive work of the Dutch geographer aqd typographer 
on the origin, history, civilization, industries and trade of the various 
countries of the world with numerous maps — political, historical and topo- 
graphical. 

113 



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Euclidi!'iimay(sn^^rk docfammsis. 

nobis. SCHWENTER. Portrait. {5«r No. 4377.) 
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112. FLUDD. (Set No. 4377.) 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

laa. Grandamicus, Jacobus. (1588-1672.) Nova demonstratio immo- 
bilitatis terrae petita ex virtute magnetica. £t quaedam alia 
ad effectus et leges magneticas, usumq., longitudinum et 
universam geographiam spectantia, de novo inventa. 4 1.+ 
170 pp., ill., 9 plates. Sm. 4to. Flexiae, apud Georgium Gri- 
vcau. La FUche, 1645 

The object of this work may be gathered from the following lyllogism: 
No magnetic body rotates around its poles; the earth possesses magnetic 
properties as shown by Gilbert, therefore it does not turn around its poles — 
a denial of the rotation of the earth. The author held strong anti-Copemican 
views. The engravings are numerous and interesting. 

133. Browne (Sir) Thomas. (1605-1682.) Pseudodoxia epidemica; 
or, Enquiries into very many received tenets and commonly 
presumed truths. 10 1.4-286 pp. Folio. London, for Edward 
Dod. London, 1646 

The author concludes from his own experiments that communication at a di8> 
tance by means of sympathetic needles is impossible. He also writes down such 
illusions and fables as the flesh magnet, p. 67; the garlic anti-magnetic 
effluvium, p. 67; suspension of Mahomet's coffin, p. 71. Gilbert's views are 
everywhere upheld. On p. 51 occurs for the first time in English the term 
electricity, and on p. 79 the plural form, electricities. Sir Thomas Browne 
was the author of Religio Medici, 

124. Regius, Henricus. (Le Roy.) (159S-1679.) Fundamenta phy- 
sices. 8 I.+306 pp.+i 1., ill. Sm. 4to. Amstelodami, apud 
Ludovicum Elzevirium. Amsterdam^ 1646 

Treatise on general physics and physiology, with 15 pages on the magnet. 
Numerous magnetic diagrams from Descartes. 
— See also 139. 

135. Laet, J (an) de. (1593- 1640.) De gemmis et lapidibus libri duo, 
quibus praemittitur Theophrasti liber de lapidibus, Graecc 
et Latine. 32 I.+210 pp., ill., i2mo. Lugduni Batavorum, ex 
officina Joannis Maire. Leyden, 1647 

Work on gems and minerals; no reference to the lodestone. 
— See also 331. 

126. Wilkins, John. (1614-1672.) Mathematicall magick; or. The 
wonders that may be performed by mechanicall geometry. 
In two books. Concerning mechanical powers, motions, 
Being one of the most easie, pleasant, useful, and yet most 
neglected part of mathematicks. Not before treated of in 
this language, by J. W. 7 I.+29S pp., ill. i2mo. London, by 
M. F., for Sa. Gellibrand. London, 1648 

Chap. xiii. of this work on mechanical contrivances deals with 
attempts made to obtain perpetual motion by means of magnets. 
The efforts of Peregrinus and Cardan to solve the problem 
are mentioned and the opinion of Gilbert given, viv; that it is "a vain and 
groundless fancy," p. 258. Wilkins, Bishop of Chester, was one of the 
founders of the Royal Society, of which he was the first secretary. 

117 



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<4« LIB.IIt«MVNDI SIV£ CAT£Ni£ M AGN.»AllS IIL 

gitur ,^ita mira quadamvici(Ctudinc vnum alterum confer- 
uat i vnde ordcoe prxpoflbno, vt fupra demon ftratum c&^ dc- 
nuo trwfmutantur><S?cx fe inuicem fiunt,£icilis enim eft tran* 
fitusj poftquam commimem na^ funcqualitatem, vrigni$& 
aer per calorem ; bis autem oppofita difficflius vcrcuntur • 
Atque ex his fupponofccundo. Ex calidor& frigido oriri ra- 
refadioncm & condenfationem » ex quibus omnium elemen- 
tarium motioncs promanare fupra diximus, vt cum calidum^ 
m miftum aliquod agen^ cducicimpurom, & dum fu; ai&ioni 
umMttcioft) idoneumrcddere tentat , vt fimpliciusfiat, euadit tcnuc; iti 
frigidum conferuat^ conftringit , & congelat , vttd€ calidum^ 
mifti iiumoremcx ^entrg elicit ad circumferentiam> frigidum 
vero eundem ex circumferentia ad centrum retrahit ; ex qui* 
bus quidem qualftaribus perpetuus in aerc motus cau far i ir ^ 
Vapidum enim rarefaAum> calore fugat frigidum circumfias: 
remiffo vero calore frigidum cooftridumlocumfuiun repetit» 
& coniequenter fecum coafiftentia corpufcula denehit. Atque 
bac ratione omnia dedrica txahere iam tempus eft, vt decia* 
rcmus. 

C A P V T III. 

ideft 

De Magnctijmo tleUri ,feu ck^ricis auraHiom^ 
bus earumque caufis . 

ELeArumGrxcis eo, quod ad fe attritu priiis cale&dhim 
paleasattrahat, i>M»^r^ , vnde &«{M^feu raptor dici- 
tur , Latinis Succimum i flauo fuccoex quo coaguIatur,Ara- 
bibus Karabeh,eo quod in facrificijs.otferr; effet foiitum,viiIIa 
fua attradli ua , qua Mognetemiarmularur , nuUo non tempore^ 
fummae fuit PiiiJofophis admtrationi , adeoqs m hunc diem^ 
durat,vt vix in natuntxerum exoticus effeiftus fit,cuius igno- 
tamcaufam perMagnetem,&fuccinum ( qua; funt commune 
ignorantia! afylum,& facra veluti ancJbora) non in patrociniii 
fibiadfcifcant ; Eleftnrai igitur, feik fuccinum>> aut vnlgo Am- 
bsa diiduatpaleas «Jat > & leuii&xna quasuis corpuicuh >. res 

lid. KIRCHER. {Reduced.) 
Il8 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

xflfia. — — Another edition. 7 I.+29S pp., ill. i2mo. London, by H. 

F., for Sa. Gellibrand. London, 1680 

Submarine navigation, chap, v, p. 178; use of compass in steering a submarine 

boat, p. 183. 

— See also X17. 
127. Galilei, Galileo. (1564-1642.) Le operazioni del compasso 

geometrico ed militare. Ed. III. 4l.+8opp., i plate. 4to. 

Padova, P. Frambotto. Padua, 1649 

The instrument here referred to is not the magnetic compass but a sort of 

Gunter'a scale. 

— See also 108. 

xaS. Descartes, Rene, (du Perron.) (Renatus Cartesius.) (1596- 
1650.) Principia philosophiae. (Part III. of Opera Philo- 
sophica. Editio secunda ab auctore recognita.) 21 I.-I-302 
pp., ill. Sm. 4to. Amstelodami, apud Ludovicum Elzevirium. 

Amsterdam, 1650 

Parts iii. and iv. of this work on fundamental philosophy contain the author's 
views on the mechanism of the solar system together with his famous theory 
of vortices. (See No. 139.) 

lag. Specimina philosophiae sen dissertatio de methodo recte 

regendae rationis, et veritatis in scientiis investigandae diop- 
trice et meteora. (Part IV of Opera Philosophiae. Editio 
secunda ab auctore recognita) Ex Gallico translata. 8 I.+316 
pp., ill. Sm. 4to. Amstelodami, apud Ludovicum Elzevirium. 

Amsterdam, 1650 
The views of Descartes on magnetism will be found on p. 266, tt stq., il- 
lustrated by diagrams showing the continuity of magnetic particles through 
a lodestone with the particles in the field of force. These particles, screw- 
like in form, are in constant whirling motion. Reference will also be found to 
lightning and thunder; St. Elmo's fires; summer lightning; the ringing of 
bells and firing of guns during a thunderstorm. 

139a. Discours de la m^thode pour bien conduire sa raison, et 

chercher la verite dans les sciences. Plus la dioptrique et les 
m^t6ores qui sont des essais de cette methode. 294PP.+13I. 
Sm. 4to. Paris, Henry le Gras. Paris, 1658 

The first edition appeared in 1637. Lightning and thunder, p. 336; St. 
Elmo's fires, a good omen, p. 239; thunder-clouds broken up by ringing bells 
and firing guns, p. 245. 
— ^See also xi8. 

130. Helmont, Joh(ann) Bapt(ist) van. (1577-1644.) A ternary of 
paradoxes, the magnetick cure of wounds, nativity of tartar 
in wine, image of God in man. Written originally by Joh. 
Bapt. Van Helmont, translated, illustrated, and ampliated by 
W(alter) Charleton. 26 I.+147 pp. Sm. 4to. London, J. 
Flesh er, for William Leo. London, 1650 

This quaint work of the renowned Dutch alchemist treats of supposed 
curative powers of the lodestone together with a few of its real properties. 
PP* 39-43* On p. jy of this translation by Dr. Charleton the noun tlectricity 
occurs for the second time in the singular number; Sir Thomas Browne used 
the term both in the singular and plural in 1646 (See 123). The term 

119 



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«34 



FdM^K 



i ^ 



Thefecretandfwift 



Hornc to difcover the irruption of the 
enemy. 

There is another experiment to this 
purpofc mentioned by *r4to&w, who 
thinks it poUible fp to contrive a trunk 
or hollow pipe , that it (hall preferve 
the voice entirely for certain houres or 
days ) fo that a man may fend his wwds 
to a friend inftead of his mitbig. There 
being always a certaine fpace of inter- 
mifsion •, for the palTage of the voice, 
betwixt its going into thefc cavities, 
and its comming out j hee conceives, 
that if both ends were feafonably flop- 
ped, whilft the found was in the midft. 
It would continue there till it had fome 
vent. Hute tuht verh mfira infMfwrmMS.^ 
& (umfrobe manhitsr t^elUrh tammt- 
umm , ^e. When the friend to whom 
it is fent, fliall receive and open It, the 
words fhall come out diftinftly, and in 
the feme order wherein they were fpo- 
ken. From fuch a contrivance as this, 
(faith the fame Authour) did Mkenus 
^sgtms make his Image, and Frier Ba- 
my his brazen Head , to utter cerpiine 
words. I 



117. WILKINS. 



lao 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

hypnotick occurs, p. 8i. To van Helmont we are indebted for the term 
gas, "geist." (See Nos. 85, 223, 219, 241, 25a.) 
— See alao 15a. 

131. Gilbert, William. (1544- 1603.) Guilielmi Gilbert! Colcestrensis, 
medici regii, De mundo nostro sublunari philosophia nova. 
Opus posthumum, ab auctoris fratre collectum pridem et 
dispositum, nunc ex duobus MSS. codicibus editum, ex museio 
viri perillustris Guilielmi Boswelli Equitis aurati» etc., et ora- 
toris apud Foederatos Belgas Angli. 7 I.+316 pp.+2 1., I 
plate, ill. 4to. Amstelodami, apud Ludovicum Elzevirium. 

Amsterdam, 1651 
Thia work was publiahed forty-eigfat yeara after Gilbert'a death, having been 
edited by his brother, William Gilbert of Melford; or, as some say, by 
John Gruter, the great humanist and critic. Gilbert's averaion for the 
philosophy of Aristotle ia well shown throughout. 
— See also 7», 

13a. Reael, Laurens, (fl. 1650.) Observatien of ondervindingen aen 
de magneetsteen en de magnetische kracht der aerde. Quibus 
adjunctae sunt celeberrimi Professoris D. Casparis Barlaei 
Causae et rationes observationum earundem magneticarum. 
8 I.+91 pp., ill. i2mo. t'Amsteldam, Lodowijck Spillebout 

Amsterdam, 1651 

Collection of magnetic experiments made by the author. The earth as a 
great 2nagnet, p. 20; polarity of the compass-needle, p. 48; distinction between 
magnetic and electric attraction, p. 77, The propositions are stated in Latin, 
the explanations are given in Dutch. 
I33*. Ricdoli, G(iovanni) B(attista). (1598-1671.) Almagestum 
novum. Astronomiam veterem novamque continens observa- 
tionibus aliorum, et propriis novisque theorematibus, pro- 
blematibus, ac tabulis promotam in tres tomos distributam 
quorum argumentum sequens pagina explicabit Vol. I (com- 
plete in 3 parts), ill. Folio. Bononiae, ex typographia 
Haeredis Victorii Renatij. Bologna, 1651 

Voluminous work on astronomy in which the author, an Italian Jesuit, 
adduces reasons against the Copernican syste2n. 

134. Ross, Alexander. (1590-1654.) Arcana Microscosmi; or, The 
hid secrets of man's body disclosed; first in an anatomical 
duel between Aristotle and Galen about the parts thereof, 
secondly by a discovery of the strange diseases, symptomes 
and accidents of man's body. With a refutation of Doctor 
Brown's vulgar errors and the ancient opinions vindicated 
7 I.+292 pp. 24mo. London, Thomas Newcomb. London, 1651 

Reference to the mariner's compass, p. 274. 

136. Nicols, Thomas, (fl. 1659.) A lapidary; or. The history of 
precious stones with cautions for the undeceiving of all those 
that deal with precious stones. 15 I.+239 PP- tab. Sm. 4to. 
Thomas Buck. London, 1652 

Interesting matter about amber and jet, pp. 265-272; the lodestone, pp. 
295-307. The work was reprinted in 2653 and 2659 with different title 
pages. 
1—9 121 



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Books* dnd Qommm Errors* 



doxis, fztndcchthe roaeiftcry of wine, after fouit mooechsdige- 
flkw 10 horfeduagCyCxpouagkomo the extremity of cold, whereby 
the tqucous paits will freeze, but the Spirit rctyrc and be foind uo- 
coQgealed io che cencer. 

Againe,-^ the difference of their concretion is nor whhoiit leafbn, 
coUcAible from thiirdiilbliidoB, which beine mifiy wayes perfonn- 
able in Ice , is not in the fame manner efTcdedin Cryftjll. Now the 
caufes of liquatioo are conrrary to thofe of conattion,and i% the atoms 
and indivifible parcels ate united , fo are they in an oppofite way dif- 
joyned.That which is concreted by cxficotion or expreflion of humi- 
dity.wil be reiblved'by huroedarion^s earth^itf^and day^that which 
is coigulated by a'fieiy ficctty , will fuSir coUkjuation from an aque- 
ous humidity, as fait and fi^r, which areeafily dMToluhlc in water, 
btatnoc wtthoot difficulty in oyle, and well rcdifiedipirits of wine. 
That which is coocreaied 1^ cold , will dlfTolve by a moift heat , if it 
confiftofmterypaits, asGums,Arabick,Tfagaanthy Ammoniac, 
and others, in an ayrie heat or oylc^ as all refinous bodies, Tuipentine, 
Pltch,and Friokincenfeiki both as gummy rcfinous bodies, Maflicke, 
Camphire, and Storaxi in neither , as ncurralls and bodies anomalous 
hereto, as Bdellhim,MviThc and othets. Some by a violent dry beat, 
asmettalls, which although corrodiblel^ waters, yet will thpy not 
fufter a Uquation from the powctfidleft heat, communiable unto that 
element. Some will diffolve by thb heat althoqgh their ingredients 
beetrthy, asglaffe, whole matlrialls arefinefand, andthcafbesof 
QudiorFeamei and fb will laltrunoe with fire, althoifh It bee coo- 
aeated by beat^ and this way algne may beeeffcAcd a liquatioo in 
Cry(bll,butQ0( without fotne difficulty) thatis^ caksoation or redu- 
cing it by Arte, iiitoafiibtila powder, by which way and a vitr& 
ous commixture,gladb art fometime nude hereof,and it becomes the 
chiefcft ground ror atdficiall and ftditious gemmes(but the fame way 
of folution is common alfo unto many ftones,and not only Berylls and 
Cornelians, but flints and pebbles, atefubjeduntofufion, and will 
runne like glaffe in fire. 

But Ice will diffolve io any way of heat , for it will diffolve with 
fire, it will coUiquate in water, or warme oyle^ nor doth it only fpbmit 
to an aAuall heat , but not endure the potentiall calidity of many wa- 
tets^foritwsUprefentlydiflblve inJj^sfmm^ fp.ofvifrioll, fait or 
tartar . nor will it long continue its fixation in fpiiics of wine , as may 
beobletved in Ice injeded therein. 

Ag^ine, the concretion of Ice will not endure a dry acrrition with- 
out liquatioo ^ for if it be rubbed long with a cloth it mclreth, but 
Cry flail will caJcfv unto eledricity . thatisapowertoattcaaflrawes 
or light bodies, and convert'the needle freely placed ; which is a de- 1 
darement of very difierem parts, wherein weeiliillnot at prefent[ 
1 • Gi inlarge^ 



51 



1 



123. BROWNE. ^Reduced.) 



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CATALOGUE OP WHEELER GIFT 

X37. Charleton, Walter. (1619-1707.) Physiologia Epicuro-Gas- 
sendo-Charltoniana; or, A fabrick of science natural, upon the 
hypothesis of atoms, Founded by Epicurus, Repaired by 
Petrus Gassendus, Augmented by Walter Charleton. Part 
I (all published.) 475 pp., ill. Folio. London, Tho. New- 
comb, for Thomas Heath. London, 1654 
Comprehensive inquiry into the nature of things. Electrical attraction, p. 
345; the torpedo, p. 375; Grandami criticixed, p. 4x0; magnetic declination, p. 
410; magnetic polarity, p. 411. 

138. Descartes, Ren6. (du Perron.) (Renatus Cartesius.) (1596- 

1650.) Meditationes de prima philosophia, in quibus Dei exi- 
stentia, et animae humanae a corpore distinctio, demon- 
strantur. His adjunctae sunt variae objectiones doctorum 
virorum in istas de Deo et anima demonstrationes; cum re- 
sponsionibus authoris. Cum appendice; Epistola ad Gisbertum 
Voetium. 6 1.+ 191 +1^+88 pp. Amstelodami, apud Ludo- 
vicum Elzevirium. Amsterdam^ 1654 

Metaphysical work in which the author demonstrates the fundamental prin- 
ciples of religion and philosophy; first edition, 1641. 
—See also 118. 

139. Regius, Henricus. (Le Roy.) (159^1679.) Philosophia natu- 

ralis. Editio secunda, priore multo locupletior et emendation 
22 I.+442 pp., ill. 4to. Amstelodami, apud Ludovicum Elze- 
virium. Amsterdam, 1654 

General properties of magnets with illustrations, pp. 206-221. The illustra- 
tions are noteworthy, particularly the one on p. 207, which shows the lines 
of force around the magnet as well as the lines of induction through it, cf. 
Principia Philosophiae of Descartes, and edition, p. 96^, (See No. ia8.) 
— See also 124. 

140. Albertus Magnus. (1205-1280.) De secretis mulierum, item 

de virtutibus herbarum lapidum et animalium. 358 pp. +7 1. 
i6mo. Amstelodami, apud Jodocum Janssonium. 

Amsterdam, 165$ 
Work on herbs and animals; reference to one of the mythical prop- 
erties of the lodestone, p. 144. 
— See also 3. 

14Z. Irvine, C(hristopher). (1638-1685.) Medicina magnetica, or, The 
rare and wonderful art of curing by sympathy laid open in 
aphorismes; proved in conclusions; and digested into an easy 
method, drawn from both; wherein the connexion of the 
causes and effects of these strange operations are more fully 
discovered than heretofore. All cleared and confirmed by 
pithy reasons, true experiments, and pleasant relations; pre- 
served and published as a masterpiece in this skill. 6 1.+ 
110 pp., i2mo. Edinburgh, C. Higgins. Edinburgh, 1656 

Among subjects treated are: *'A magical magnetisme out of the famous 
Van Helmont"; "The magical magnetisme of the tarantula"; 'The magnetisme 
of the magnet." This last is an unimportant paragraph about the 
lodestone. (See No. 130.) 

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PHYSIOLOGIA 

Epicuro-GaflcndoCliarltoniana: 

OR 

A FABRICK 

OF 

SCIENCE NATURAL. 

Upon the Hypothefis of 

ATOMS. 

Founded ^. (EFiCVRVS, 

Repaiied >byJFETRVS CASSENDVS, 

Augmented^ (fFjtLTER. CHAKLETOV, 

Dr. in Medicine, and Pbyfician to the late 
CKA'RLES^ Monarch of 

Gtckt- Britain. 

The FIRST PART. 



Fernchos, in prsefat. ad lib. 2. de Abditis ranm CaalHs. 
Atm$s vttmsJMmridemm , miramurq^ »fp^ qui fqiumferfiu ferity C»rp§rdMMd- 
dsmf0lid4^4^9eindividit4^ fwrtmtdiBscommtfiMt , res msrnitmUin immatfdf 
^sr$tt4tewmUitMdincq^infmtsu^ mntmq-, abfilmifsimim Hire MmJJ ^rthiuti 
ifecijft. AtctrU,pJ)m9critmmortemcumvitdc$miimtsrtfo(fet. muh^scrim 
M, f M fmsmm Eleme»t4, fn$ m$re ridertt. 

LONDON, 
Printed by Tho : ^evfcomh, for Ihomat Heathy /md 
are to be fold at his fhop in ^«^/-ftrcet, 

necr the Pit^xa of C$vtnt-C4rdtn. 
« tf $ 4. 

137. CIIARLBTON. (.Rtductd.) 
124 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

14a. Schott, Caspar. (1608-1666.) Mechanica hydraulico-pneu- 
matica, qua praeterquam quod aequi dementi natura, pro- 
prietas, vis motrix, atque occultus cum acre conflictus, a 
primis fundamentis demonstratur: omnis quoque generis ex- 
perimenta Hydraulico-pneumatica recluduntur: et absoluta 
machinarum aqua et aere animandarum ratio ac methodus 
praescribitur Opus bipartitum. Accessit experimentum 
novum magdeburgicum quo vaccuum alii stabilire, alii ever- 
tere conantur. 16 L+488 pp.+8 1., ill., 58 pi. 4to. Herbipoli, 
excudebat Henricus Pigrin. Wurzhurg^ 1657 

Part i., p. 354, description of Kircher's magnetic device to show the hour of 
the day. Part ii., p. 444, contains the iirst printed account of von Guericke'a 
air-pumps and some experiments made with it, showing the pressure of air 
(the half-title bears the date 1658). (See No. 170.) 
— See also 150, issbis, 159, 284, 190, 531. 

X43. Turner, Robert. (£1. 1654-1665.) An astrological catechisme 
wherein the art of judicial astrolog^y is fully demonstrated by 
way of question and answer. Written originally in Latin. 
Collected and Englished by R. Turner, pp. 141-168. i2mo. 
London, J. Cottrel. London, 1657 

A series of questions on astrology with answers. 

144* Ars notoria: the notory art of Solomon shewing the caba- 

listical key of magical operations, the liberal sciences, divine 
revelation, and the art of memory. Whereunto is added: An 
astrological catechism, etc. (See No. 143.) 168 pp. i2mo. 
London, J. Cottrel. London, 1657 

Bombastic work; sympathetic compasses and their uses, p. 136. 

145. Digby, (Sir) Kenelm. (1603-1665.) A late discourse made in 
a solemne assembly of nobles and learned men at Montpellier 
in France touching the cure of wounds by the powder of 
sympathy, with instructions how to make the said powder, 
whereby many other secrets of nature are unfolded. Ren- 
dered out of French into English by R. White. 5 I.+152 pp. 
+1 1. i6mo. London, for R. Lowndes and T. Davis. 

London, 1658 
The cure of wounds by the powder of sympathy has been ranked among 
the follies of science; p. 54 contains a reference to magnetic and electric 
attractions; p. 95, to acoustical resonance; p. ixa, to ripples produced on the 
surface of water in a glass vessel when rubbed vfith the finger. (See No. 
152.) A French edition was printed the same year as this first English 
edition. 
— Sec also 156. 

X46t. Boyle, Robert. (1627-1691.) The sceptical chymist, or Chy- 
mico-Physical doubts and paradoxes touching the Stagyrist's 
principles commonly call'd hypostatical as they are wont to 
be propos'd and defended by the generality of Alchymists. 
Whereunto is praemis'd part of another discourse relating to 

125 



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Nattxalis Libek IIL 107 

qoidcfn pncerpropter>feddive[fos tamen ineitus>dU 
verfafquefibrilUstenuiffiinas in lis eminences, & diver« 
^niode inclinaca5> atque ad figuram & cranlicum fuum a- 
pcifliine conformatas,diutinaquemora bene confirmacas, 
perpecud inyenieos , cderrime per ejus fubfhnciani fe- 
tacurnpfuniYerd per poros circa A vel B egrefla,quia 




per aercm ,aquam & reliquam Tellurem facts .commode 
moveri non poceft , refilic , vorriccmque ucrimquc in 
concrariam,abauftraliparce. A, pcrC & D, vcrfus 

borca- 



139. REGIUS. (Reduced,) 



126 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

the same subject. 13 I.+436 pp., i2mo. London, J. Caldwell, 
for J. Crooke. London, 1661 

First edition, now very rare. In this work, Boyle seeks to subvert the 
accei»ted theory of matter. His atoms have different forms and sizes. 
— See also 154, 163, 167, 172, 174, 178, 187, 203. 

147. Glanvill, Jo8(eph). (1636-1680.) The vanity of dogmatizing; 
or. Confidence in opinions, manifested in a discourse of the 
shortness and uncertainty of our knowledge and its causes. 
With some reflections on peripateticism, and an apology for 
philosophy. 16 I.-I-2S0 pp. +3 1., i2mo. London, for Henry 
Eversden. London, 1661 

Magnetic telegraphy possible, p. 203; magnetic cure of wounds, p. S07. Glan- 
vill was an eminent divine and Fellow of the Royal Society. 

147a, Scepsis Scientifica, or Confest ignorance, the way to sci- 
ence; in an essay of the vanity of dogmatizing, and confident 
opinion, with a reply to the exceptions of the learned Thomas 
Albius. 2 parts. 17 I.+184 pp.H-8 I.+92 pp. Sm. 4to. London, 
Henry Eversden. London, 1663 

Extension of the author's "Vanity of Dogmatizing;*' sympathetic magnetic 
telegraphy possible, p. 149. The second part has a separate title page, with 
an **{'* under the "e" of Scire. (See No. 147b.) 

147b. Scire tuum nihil est; or. The author's defence of the vanity 

of dogmatizing against the exceptions of the learned Tho. 
Albius in his late Sciri. 8 I.+92 pp. Sm. 4to. London, for 
Henry Eversden. London, 1665 

Critique of the philosophy of Aristotle. 

148.* Conradi, Elias ( ) and Joh. Christophorus Laurentius. 

( .) Ex physicis. De igne. 81. Sm. 4to. Witte- 

berge, J. Haken. Wittenberg, 1662 

Pamphlet on fire as one of the elements. 

149. Descartes, Ren6 (du Perron). (Renatus Cartesius.) (1596- 

1650.) De homine figuris et latinitate donatus a Florentio 
Schuyl. 18 I.+121 pp., 10 plates. 4to. Lugduni Batavorum, 
apud Fr. Moyardum & Petrum Leffen. Leyden, 1662 

A short treatise on physiology. 
— See also 118. 

150. Schott, Caspar. (1608-1666.) Physica curiosa, sive mirabilia 

naturae et artis libri XII comprehensa, quibus pleraq; quae 
de angelis, daemonibus, hominibus, spectris, energumenis, 
monstris, portentis, animalibus, meteoris, etc., rara arcana, 
curiosaque circumferuntur, ad veritatis trutinam expenduntur, 
variis ex historia ac philosophia petitis disquisitionibus ex- 
cutiuntur, et innumeris exemplis illustrantur. 31 l.+is83pp.+ 
15 1., pi. Sm. 4to. Herbipoli, sumptibus Johannis Andreae 
Endteri, per J. Hertz. Wurzhurg, 1662 

Voluminous work of the distinguished German Jesuit on the wonders of 
animate nature and of physical phenomena. St. Elmo's fires occurring singly 
forebode evU, pp. 1428- 1 431; lightning and thunder, p. X453f thunder-stone, p, 

127 



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142. SCHOTT, iRtductd.) 
128 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

1467; trees liable to be struck by lightniiiK, p. 1469; odor caused by lightning- 
flash, p. 1457; rarity of electric storms in winter, p. 1456. 
— See also 142, 

151. Westen, Wynant van. ( , ) Mathematische vcr- 

maecklyckheden, te samen ghevoeght van verscheyden 
ghenuchelijcke ende voertighe werkstucken. 3 parts. (De«l 
I. by H. van Etten), ill. i2mo. Arnheim, Jacob van 
Briesen. Amheim, 1662-1663 

The lodestone, p. 125; Mahomet's coffin, p. 137; sympathetic compasses, p. 
128; attractive power of lodestone may be increased, p. 129 (parts a and 3 
are dated 1663). (See No. 171 1.) 
— See also 93. 

15a. Theatmm sympatheticum auctum, exhibens varios authores, de 
pnlvere S3rmpathetico quidem: Digbaeum, Straussinum, 
Papinium, et Mohyum de unguento vero armario: Goclenium, 
Robertum, Helmontium. Praemittitur his Sylvcstri Rattrij 
aditus ad Sympathiam et anti-pathiam descriptionem simul 
exponens. (Edited by A. Tentzel). 4 1.+722 pp.+2i L 4to. 
Norimbergae, apud Johan. Andream Endteram. 

Nuremberg, 1662 

Collection of tracts by different authors on the Weapon Salve and tho 
Powder of Sympathy. Frequent references to amber and the magnet; ^ym- 
thetic compasses, p. 546. (See Nos. 113, 119, 130, 145.) 

153. Harvey, Gideon, (also Harvy.) (1640 (?)-i700.) Archelogia 

philosophica nova, or, New principles of philosophy containing 
Philosophy in general, Metaphysicks, or Ontology; Dynami- 
logy, or A discourse of power; Religio philosophi, or Natural 
theology; Physicks, or Natural philosophy. 25 I.+103 pp.+i28 
pp.+i I.+441 PP-f >1J« Sm. 4to. London, for Samuel Thom- 
son. London, 1663 

Properties of the magnet, the sailing compass, magnetic effluvium, pp. 
a4o-26o. The author was an eminent physician. 

154. Boyle, Robert. (1627-1691.) Some considerations touching the 

usefulness of experimental natural philosophy. Second edi- 
tion. (Edited by R. Sharrock), 2 vols. Sm. 4to. Oxford, for 
R. Davis. Ojtford, 1664^1671 

Writers on magnetism, p. 15; magnetic phenomena, p. 226. Only Part L 
belongs to the second edition; the first edition was published in 1663. 
— See also 146. 

155. Power, Henry. (1623-1668.) Experimental philosophy, in 

three books containing new experiments — ^microscopical, mer- 
curial, magnetical with some deductions, and probable hy- 
potheses raised from them in avouchment and illustration 
of the now famous atomical hjrpothesis. 12 I.+193 pp., ill., 
2 plates. Sm. 4to. London, for John Martin & J. AUestry. 

London, 1664 
The author refutes, pp. 153*170, Grandami, who ttrorc to prove the im> 
mobility of the earth by reason of its being a colossal globular magnet. (Each 
book has a separate title-page, dated 1663.) 

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DOGMATIZING, lo; 

conrfe b a reputed Umf^fikilitf y but 
yet there are fome hints in natural ope- 
rations chat eive us probability diat 'tis 
feafibte , and maj be compau without 
unwarrantable affiAance from Ddmsnidck 
^pftefpondence. That a couple of Needles 
ecpialiy toucht by the fame magnet y be- 
ing^iet in two Dyals exadly proportioned 
to each other^ andcircunuaibed by the 
Letters o( the Alfhahety may effect this 
magnate y iiath confiderable authorities to 
avouch it. The manner of it is thuis re- 
prefentcd. Let the friends that would 
communicate take each a Dyal : and 
ikyine appointed a time for their Symfs^ 
ihetick conference ; let one move his 
impregnate Needle to any letter in the 
4tfbabety and its affe^ed fellow will 
^cctfcly refped the fame. So that would 
I know what my friend would acquaint 
me with} 'tis but obferving the letters 
dbat arc pointed at by my Needle y and 
in their order tranfcribing tliem froni 
d)eir fymfathix^ed Index ^ as its motion 
dired's : and I maybe affured that my 
friend defcribedthe fame with his: and 
chat the words on my paper> are of his 



147. GLANVILL. 



130 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

I55tbi8. Schott, Caspar. (1608-1666.) Technica curiosa, sive mira- 
bilia artis, libris xii. 22 I.4-1044 pp.+8 1., ill., portrait. Sm. 
4to. Norimbergae, sumptibus Johannis Andreae Endteri & 
Wolfgangi junioris Haeredum. Nuremberg, 1664 

The subjects treated are as follows: Guericke's Magdelnirg experiments; 
Boyle's experiments; experiments of Torricelli and others with mercury 
vacua; hydro-pneumatic experiments; mechanical marvels; secret writing; 
problems in cyclometry; chronometers; perpetual motion; miscellaneous mar- 
vels; cabalistic writing. The portrait is that of John Philip, Archbishop of 
Mayence, to whom there is a poetical dedication. The end sheet gives a 
list to date of the works of this voluminous writer* which number thirteeut 
aU published between 1657 and 1664. 
—See also 14a. 

156. Digby, (Sir) Kenclm. (1603-1665.) Two treatises: in the one 

of which the nature of bodies; in the other, the nature of 
man's soule is looked into: in way of discovery of the im- 
mortality of reasonable soules. 24 l.+4^ PP.+S 1+145 PP. 
Sm. 4to. London, for John Williams. London, 166$ 

The artificial theories of Kcnelm Digby, like those of Descartes, his friend, 
have long been abandoned. Odor emitted by electrical bodies, p. a 16; 
Cabaeus criticised, p. 316; the lodestone, p. 218; induction due to earth, p. 
242; variation of magnetic declination, p. 250. First treatise, preface dated 
1644. Second treatise, title-page dated 1645. The first edition was printed 
in Paris, 1644; the second edition in London, 1658. • 
— See also 145. 

157. Jonston, Joh(ann.) (1603-1675.) Thaumatographia naturalis 

in decem classes distincta. Editio altera. 495 pp.+3 1. i6mo. 
Amstelodami, apud Johannem Janssonium. Amsterdam, 166$ 
Work on natural wonders. Chap. xv. is devoted to the lodestone. The line 
of no magnetic declination is given on p. 150 as lying 10" west of the 
Fortunate Isles (the Canaries). 

X58. Kircher, Athanasius. (1601-1680.) Magneticum Naturae reg- 
num, sive disceptatio Physiologica De triplici in Natura rerum 
Magnete, juxta triplicem eiusdem Naturae gradum digesto 
Inanimato Animato Sensitivo Qua Occultae prodigiosarum 
quarundam motionum vires et proprietates, quae in triplici 
Naturae oeconomia nonnullis in corporibus noviter detectis 
obseruantur, in apertam lucem eruuntur, et luculentis argu- 
mentis, experientia duce, demonstrantur. Ad Inclytum, et 
Eximium Virum Alexandrum Fabianum Novi orbis Indi- 
genam. 10 I.+201 pp.+3 1- i2mo. Amstelodami, ex officina 
Johannis Janssonii a Waesbergc et Viduae Elizei Weyerstract 

Amsterdam, 1667 

The author holds that every material in the world, organic or inorganic, 
is magnetic — i.e., has some power of attracting or repelling. Hence the 
division into animal magnetism and mineral magnetism. The sun is con- 
sidered to be the most magnetic of all bodies. See Sees. ii. and iii., also 
the title-page. 
— See also 102. 



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■^■••"'n5'^J^r^?:^i|E'niy!¥a 




R ATHANAS1V5 KIRCHERVS FVLDENSIS 
e Socict: Icfu Anno artatisLIIL 

Honoris ct ohscrvantut erao sculvsit et Dl D. C Bloematrt Roma x Mm/ A. i6'gg. 



158. KIRCH ER. (See No. 4377.) 



13a 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

i59« (Schott, Caspar.) (1608-1666.) Joco-Seriorum naturae ct artis 
sive magiae naturalis centuriae tres (auctore Aspasio Cara- 
mueli» i.e., Caspar Schctt): cui accessit Diatribe de Crucibua 
(A. Kircheri). 3 I.+304 pp.+i l+pp. 305-363+4 K 22 plates. 
4to. Francofurti, apud Joannem Amoldum Cholinum. 

Frankfort, J667 

Collection of curious experiments in physics and secret writing. 
^See also 103, 142. 

160. Descartes, Rene, (du Perron.) (Renatus Cartesius.) (1596- 

1650.) Epistolae; partim ab auctore Latino sermone con- 
scriptae, partim ex Gallico translatae. 2 parts in i vol^ ill., 
pi. 4to. Londini, impensis Job. Dunmore. London, 1668 

These letters contain references to magnetic phenomena. Part i., p. loi; Part 
ii., pp. 150, 203, 365, and 403. 
—See also 118. 

161. Leotaud, Vincent. (1595-1672.) Magnetologia in qua exponitur 

nova de magneticis philosophia. 2 I.+420 pp.+3 1., ill. 4to. 
Lugduni, sumptibus Laurentii Anisson. Lyons, j668 

Scholarly work of the French Jesuit on the magnet. Unable to explain dec- 
lination, p. 201; armed magnets, p. 274; effect of magnets on iron, p. 296; 
magnetic dock, p. 393. 

x6a. Palladius. (368-430.) Palladius de gentibus Indiae et Eragmani- 
bus Graece et Latine. S. Ambrosius de moribus Brachmano- 
rum. Anonymus de Bragmanibus. Quorum priorem et po- 
stremum nunc primum in lucem protulit ex bibliotheca regia 
Edoardus Bissaeus. 23 I.+103 pp. 4to. Londini, excudebat T. 
Roycroft. London, 1668 

The lodestone attracts the nails of ships; nails replaced by wooden pegs 
in vessels sailing for Tapiobane. Palladius wai tn c eea ii Tely Biihop of 
Helenopolis and of Aspona in Galatia. See pp. 4 and 59. 

163. Boyle, Robert. (1627-1691.) Defensio doctrinae de elatere et 
gravitate aeris propositae a Robert Boyle, in novis ipsius 
physico-mechanicis experimentis adversus objectiones. Fran- 
cisci Lini ubi etiam objectoris funicularis hypothesis exami- 
natur, eaque occasione nova quaedam experimenta adduntur, 
ab autore supradictorum experimentorum. 15 L+176 pp.+ 
5 1. I plate. i6mo. Roterdami, ex officina Arnold! Leers. 

Rotterdam, 1669 

Defease of the author's views on the properties of air, especially its weight 
and elasticity. 

164. Nova experimenta physico-mechanica de vi aeris elastica et 

ejusdem effectibus, facta maximam partem in nova machina 
pneumatica ad (nepotem suum) D. Carolum Hteris pridem 
transmissa, ex Anglico in Latinam noviter conversa. 12 !.-{- 
351 PP+4 K I plate. i6mo. Roterdami, ex officina Arnoldi 
Leers. Rotterdam, 1669 

Magnet in vacuo, p. 85; magnetic effluvia, p. 101. 
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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

X65 Paradoxa hydrostatica novis experimentis evicta. Nuper ex 

anglico sermone in latinum versa. 23 I.-I-240 pp., 3 plates. 
i6mo. Roterdami, ex officina Arnoldi Leers. Rotterdam, 1670 
Phenomena and laws of hydrostatics discussed. English edition, 1666. 
— See also 146. 

x66. Lana, Francesco; (Lana-Terzi) ; (Tertius de Lanls). (1631-1687.) 
Prodromo ouero saggio di alcune inuentioni nuoue premesso 
all'Artc Maestra Opera che prepara il P. Francesco Lana 
Bresciano della Compagnia di Giesu: Per mostrare li piu re- 
conditi principij della Naturale Filosofia, riconosciuti con ac- 
curata Theorica, helle piu segnalate inuentioni, ed isperienze 
sin'hora ritrouate da gli scrittori di questa materia et altre 
nuoue deir autore medesimo. 4 1.+252 pp., 20 plates. Folio. 
Brescia, per li Rizzardi. Brescia, 1670 

Signaling by means of lights and flags, p. 44; method of weighing air, p. 
52; balloons, p. 57; thermometer invented by author, p. 64; hygrometer, p. 
68; telescope, p. 169; microscope, p. 314; air-ships and other inventioiii 
illustrated. The author, an Italian Jesuit, was Professor of Natural 
Philosophy in Brescia, his native city. 
— See also 197, 321. 

167 Boyle, Robert. (1627-1691.) Tractatus de cosmicis rerum quali- 
tatibus, cosmicis suspicionibus, temperie subterranearum 
regionum, temperie submarinarum regionum, fundo maris, 
quibus praemittitur introductio ad historiam qualitatum par- 
ticularium, Accessit denique tractatus de absoluta quiete 
in corporibus. Omnia ex anglica in latinam linguam conversa. 
7 parts. 6 1.+60+40+42+64+30+24 PP.+2 I.+57 PP+i 1- i6mo. 
Amstelodami, apud Johannem Janssonium. Amsterdam, 1671 
The first tract treats of the cosmic qualities of bodies; the second, the 
temperature of subterranean and submarine regions. 

168. Tractatus script! a Roberto Boyle; ubi, I. Mira aeris (etiam 

citra calorem) rarefactio detecta. II. Observata nova circa 
durationem virtutis elasticae aeris expansi. III. Experi- 
menta nova de condensione aeris solo frigore facta, ejusque 
compressione sine machinis. IV. Ejusdem quantitatis aeris 
rarefacti et compress! miri discrepans extensio. 71 pp., i6mo. 
Londini, impensis Henrici Herringman. London, 1671 

Rarefaction and compression of air, with original experiments. 
— See also 146. 

169. Kircher, Athanasius. (1601-1680.) Ars magna lucis et umbrae, 
in X libros digesta. Quibus admirandae lucis et umbrae in 
mundo, atque adeo universa natura, vires effectusque uti nova, 
ita varia novorum reconditorumque speciminum exhibitione, 
ad varios mortalium usus penduntur. Editio altera priori 
multo auction 810 pp., ill., 34 plates. Folio. Amstelodami, 
apud Joannem Janssonium. Amsterdam, 167 1 

Comprehensive work on horography, astronomy and oonics; reference to 
magnetic phenomena, p. 693. There is an error of xoo pp. in the pagination. 
First edition, 1643. 
—See also 102. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

170. Guericke, Otto Ton. (1602-1686.) Experimcnta nova Magde- 

burgica de vacuo spatio primum a G. Schotto, nunc vero ab 
ipso auctore perfectius edita, variisque aliis experimcnta aucta, 
quibus accesserunt simul certa quaedam de aeris pondere 
circa terram de virtutibus mundanis et systemate mundi plane- 
tario. 8 I.+244 pp.+2 1., ill., 2 plates, portr. Folio. Amstelo- 
dami, apud Joanncm Janssonium. Amsterdam^ 1672 

Copies of this first edition are now very rare. This remarkable work on ex- 
perimental philosophy ranks next to Gilbert's in the number and importance 
of the electrical discoveries described. Electric conduction and repulsion, 
the discharging power of points, the dissipation of charge by flames, the light 
due to electrification, the crepitating noises of small sparks are all recognized, 
pp. 147-150. The globe of sulphur, first of frictional machines, p. 148. 
Folio plate showing the Magdeburg experiment; also other noteworthy il- 
lustrations, (See No. 14a.) 

171. Rohault, Jacques. (1620-1675.) Traite de physique. 2 vols. 

15 plates. i6mo. Amsterdam, Jacques Ic jeunc. 

Amsterdam, 1672 
Standard work of the time on physics, first edition, 1671. Chapter viii.. 
Part iii., p. 254, treats of the magnet; the magnetic condition of crosses on 
church-spires, p. 281; declination in Paris, p. 296; effects of air, rust, heat, 
p. 299; amber and jet, p. 303; lines of force due to rubbed amber, p. 303; 
lightning and thunder, p. 363; the ringing of bells during electric storms, 
p. 371. A Latin translation with notes, made by Dr. Samuel Clarke, was 
used in the University of Cambridge prior to the publication of Newton's 
Principia in 1687. 

171a. (Latin translation.) Tractatus physicus Gallice emissus et 

recens Latinitate donatus per Th. Bonetum, D. M. cum 
animadversionibus Antonii Le Grand. 2 vols., pi., 8vo. 
Londini, G. Wells. London, 1682 

Translation from the French edition of 1672. Part iii. contains a chapter 
on the magnet, p. 141; lines of force, p. 156; declination at Paris, p. 161; 
amber and jet, p. 165; lightning and thunder, p. 196. 
— See also 260. 

17a. Boyle, Robert. (1627-1691.) Essays of the strange subtilty, 
determinate nature, great efficacy of eflFluviums, to which 
are annext new experiments to make fire and flame ponder- 
able, together with a discovery of the perviousness of glass. 
4 1.+69 pp.+i 1.+74 PP-+5 1-+85 PP+3 1. 8vo. London, for 
M. Pitt. London, 1673 

The first essay treats of the lodestone and its effluvium; the second, of 
electricity as a material emanation. 
— See also 146. 

173. Pfundt, Ehrenfried. ( .) Disputatio physica de magnete. 

14 1. Sm. 4to. Leucopetrae, F. Bruehl. Weissenfels, (1673) 
Historical essay on the magnet. Some views of Kircher and Schott discussed. 

174. Boyle, Robert. (1627-1691.) New experiments about the pre- 

servation of bodies in Vacuo Boyliano. 1 1.+17 PP- i2mo. 
London, M. Pitt. London, 1674 

Beer soured by thunder, p. 10; not so when in vacuo, p. 11. 

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170. GVERICKE. iRtduced.) 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

175- Observations about the growth of metals in their ore ex- 
posed to the air. 25 pp. i2mo. London, M. Pitt. London, 1674 
The observations refer to lead, iron, silver, gold. 

176. Tracts: i. Suspicions about some hidden qualities of the air, 

71 pp.; ii. Observations about the growth of metals in their 
ore exposed to the air, 25 pp.; iii. Some additional experiments 
relating to the suspicion about the hidden qualities of the air, 
13 pp.; iv. Animadversions upon Mr. Hobbes' problemata de 
vacuo, 8+94 pp.; v. Of the cause of attraction by suction, a 
paradox, Z-\-^7 PP-; vi. New experiments about the preserva- 
tion of bodies in Vacuo Boyliano, 17 pp. i2mo. London, M. 
Pitt. London, 1674 

Remarks on exposing a magnet to the air hj day, by night and at different 
seasons of the year. 
— See also 146. 

177. Oughtred, William. (1573-1661.) Description and use of the 

double horizontal dyal, whereby not only the hour of the 
day \^ shewne but also the meridian line is found; whereunto 
is added the description of the general horological ring in- 
vented by W. O. London, for W. Leake. London, 1674 
Work on horology by the English divine and mathematician. 

178. Boyle, Robert. (1627-1691.) Experiments, notes, etc., about 

the mechanical origine .or production of divers particular 
qualities: among which is inserted a discourse of the im- 
perfection of the chymist's doctrine of qualities; together 
with some reflections upon the hypothesis of alcali and 
acidum. (Twelve tracts, as below.) 8vo. London. E. Flescher. 

London, 1675 

I. — Experiments and notes about the mechanical origine or production of 
divers particular qualities; together with some reflections upon the hyi>othesis 
of alcali and acidum. i. I. + 23 pp. 2. — Of the mechanical origine of heat and 
cold. I l.-j-ioS PP* 3* — Experiments and observations about the mechan- 
ical production of tastes. 35 pp. 4. — Experiments and observations about 
the mechanical production of odours. 31 pp. 5. — Of the imperfection of 
the chymist's doctrine of qualities. 50 pp. 6. — Reflections upon the 
hypothesis of alcali and acidum. 38 pp. 7. — Experiments and notes about 
the mechanical origine and production of volatility. 7 l.+S^- PP- 8. — 
Experimental notes of the mechanical origine or production of fixtness. 34 
pp. 9. — Experiments and notes about the mechanical origine or production 
of corrosiveness and corrosibility. 1 1.4-^9 PP- 'o. — Of the mechanical 
causes of chymical precipitation. 3 I.+46 PP* ii* — Experiments and notes 
about the mechanical production of magnetism. 2 l.-f 20 pp. 12. — Experi- 
ments and notes about the mechanical origine or production of electricity. 
I I.+38 pp. 

178a. Two tracts on electricity and magnetism, reprinted from the 

rare editions of 1675 and 1676. With a preface by S(ilvanus) 
P. T(hompson). 84 pp. i6mo. London, 1898 

The preface of thirteen pages to these two important reprints is by Professor 



I— 10 



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4txpttimmt8 and S^ottss 

AB.OUTTHE 

Mechanical Origine 

OR 

PRODUCTION 

OF 

Electricity. 



By the Honourable 

ROBERT BOTLE Efq; 

Fellow of the R, Society* 



LONDON, 

Printed by B'. FUJber., for S,. Davk 
Bookfeller ia Oxfords 1675. 



178. BOYLE. 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

Silvanus P. Thompson, who remarks, p. 8, that the tract entitled Of 
Electricity is of great interest as being the first book on the subject of 
electricity published in England after Gilbert's De Magnete. The tracts are 
IX and 12 of No. 178. (See No. 188.) 
— See alao 146. 

179. Bondy Henry. ( .) Longitude found, or a treatise 

shewing an easie and speedy way, as well by night as by 
day, to find the longitude, having but the latitude of the 
place, and the inclination of the magnetical inclinatorie 
needle. 7 l.+6s pp.+i 1. 7 plates. 4to. London, Henry Bond. 

London, 1676 
Observations made by Borough, Gunter, Gellibrand and the author himself 
from which the secular change in magnetic declination is deduced; Bond 
introduced the word inclination to denote magnetic dip. This work was the 
subject of criticism by Hobbes, q.v. (See No. 185.) Bond was an instructor 
in navigation in London. 

i8a Heidel, Wolfgang Ernest. ( ) Johannis Trithemii Stegano- 

graphia quae hucusq ; a nemine intellecta, sed passim ut suppositia 
perniciosa, magica et necromantica vindicata, reserata et il- 
lustrata a Wolfg. £. Heidel. 4 1.+394 PP+2 1. 4to. Moguntiae, 
Zubrot. Mayence, 16/6 

Part L contains an account of the life of Tritheim, a celebrated German 
writer and Benedictine monk who died in 15 16; also vindication of 
steganography or secret writing. Sympathetic compasses, p. 358. 

181*. Kirchmajer, Georg Caspar. (Also Kirchmaier.) (1635-1700.) 
Noctiluca constans et per vices fulgurans diutissima quaesita, 
nunc reperta; dissertatione brevi praevia de luce, igne, ac 
perennibus lucernis. 12 1. 4to. Wittebergae, M. Henckel. 

Wittenberg, 1676 
Distinction between fire and light, p. 4; "fulminating" gold, p. 5; asbestos, 
p. 6; the diamond, p. 7. 
— See also 189. 

i8a. Sturm, Johann Christoph. (1635-1703.) Collegium experi- 
mental e, sive curiosum in quo primaria hujus seculi Inventa 
et Experimenta physico-mathematica, speciatim Campanae 
vrinatoriae, Camerae obscurae, Tubi Torricelliani, seu Ba- 
roscopii, Antliae Pneumaticae, Thermometrorum, Hygrosco- 
piorum, Microscopiorum, etc. Phaenomena et Effecta spec- 
tanda oculis subjecit; cum epistola ad Henricum Morum 
Cantabr. de Spiritu ipsius Hylarchico, etc. 2 vols., ill. pi. 4to. 
Norimbergae, sumptibus Wolfgangi Mauritii Endteri. 

Nuremberg, 167&-1685 

Collection of experiments in hydrostatics, pneumatics and optics. Magnetic 
experiments, p. 330; magnetic field, p. 234. 
— See also 199. 

183. Dechales, Claude Francois Milliet (also Chales.) (1621-1678.) 
L'art de naviguer d6montr6 par principes et confirm^ par 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

plusieurs observations tirecs de Texperience. lo I.+274+46 
pp. +4 1. 4to. Paris, Estienne Michallet Paris, 1677 

The preface contains list of works on the magnet arranged in ekrauclcgic^ 
order; use of comfMss described at length, p. 88; magnetic deelination in 
London and Paris, p. 100; latitude from magnetic dip, p. a 17. The autlMr 
was member of the Society of Jesus. 

184. Schott, Caspar. (1608-1666.) Magia universalis naturae et artis, 
sive Recondita Naturalium et Artificial ium rerum Scientia, 
cujus Ope per variam Application em activorum cum passivis, 
admirandorum effectuum Spectacula, abditarumqne in- 
ventionum Miracula ad varios humanae vitae usus eruuntur. 
Opus quadripartitum. Pars i. continet Optica. iL Acoustica. 
liL Mathematica. iv. Physica. Singularum Epitomen se- 
quens Praefatio obiter, accuratius vero uniuscujusq. peculiare 
praeloquium exponit. Cum figuris aeri incisis. 4 vols. pi. 
4to. Bambergae, sumptibus Job. Martini Schoenwetteri. 

Bamberg, 1677 

The author discusses the sympathetic magnetic telegraph, VoL iv, p. 49» 
and perpetual motion by means of magnets, p. 313, «i stq, A manuscript 
translation of the part which treats of magnetic and sympathetic cryptography 
will be found at the end of the Tolume. Book iiL, pp. 296-348, treats of 
the magnet and magnetic devices. The influence of the autlior'a instructor, 
Kircher, is felt throughout. Von Guericke's Magdeburg experiments are 
referred to. Vol. iii., p. 554. (See No. 170.) 
— See also 14a. 

x85« Hobbes, Thomas. (1588-1679.) Decameron Physiologicum; or 
Ten Dialogues of Natural Philosophy to which is added The 
Proportion of a straight line to half the arc of a quadrant 
4 I.+136 pp.+4 1., I pi. i2mo. London, for W. Crook. 

London, 1678 

The author is the famous English philosopher and historian. Chapter ix. is 
a critique of Bond's Longitude Found, (See No. 179.) Speculation on the 
nature of magnetic attraction, p. 105. 

186. Schiele, Johann Georg. ( .) Bibliotheca Enucleata; 

seu Artefodina artium ac scientiarum omnium exhibens apo- 
grapha, elenchos, et pericopes in jurisprudentia, physica, etc., 
in alphabet! seriem digesta. 9 I.4-624 pp. pi. 4to. Ulmae, 
sumptibus auctoris. Ulm^ 1679 

Book of reference giving under each article the names of works in 
which information will be found. Acus magnetica (the magnetic needle), 
p. 16; and Magnes (the magnet), p. 399. 

187. Boyle, Robert. (1627-1691.) Opera varia. 3 vols. pi. portr. 4to. 

Genevae, apud Samuelem de Tournes. Geneva, 1680-1693 

Vol. 1., Expcrimentum xvi.; tract entitled "Nova Experimenta Physica- 
Mechanica;" Magnetic efBuvium, p. 45; also p. 47 of "Tentamina Physio- 
logica.'* Vol. ii. Electrical effluvium, cap. iv. "De instgni eificacia 
effluviorum." 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

i88d—— Works epitomized by Richard Boulton. 4 vols., portr., pi. 
8vo. London, for £. Phillips. London, 1699-1700 

VoL il., p. 323 contain! the author's famous tract On th* Mechanieai 
Origin and Production of Electricity, being the earliest work on electricity 
written in English, first edition 1675. (See 178.) Also, p. 315, the author's 
memorable tract On thg Mechanical Production of Magnetism, published in 
1676. (See 178.) Reyersal of the polarity of a ship's compass, the stem 
of the ship being struck hf lightning, p. 355. Lodestone in exhausted 
receiver. Vol. i., p. 481; bar of iron held vertically near compass, p. aos. 

i88*a. Works, to which is prefixed the life of the author. (Edited 

by Thomas Birch, F. R. S.) S vols., portr.. Folio, London, 
for A. Millar. London, 1744 

The life of Boyle is hj Dr. Thomas Birch, F.R.S.; it comprises 94 pages 
and contains two letters by Newton on the ether of space. Most Important 
are the tracts on the "Spring of Air" and the "Mechanical Production of 
Magnetism and Electricity** Magnetism developed in a "red-hot brick 
while cooling in the magnetic meridian. Vol. v., p. 81. First use of the 
term barometer, VoL ii., p. 546. 
— ^See also 146. 

189. Kirchmajer, Georg Caspar. (Also itirchmaier.) (1635-1700.) 

De phosphoro et natura lucis, nee non de igne commentatio 
epistolica. i I.+72 pp. +3 1. Sm. 4to. Wittebergae, J. H. 
Ellinger. Wittenberg, 1680 

On p. 70, reference to magnetic declination in London, Paris, Amsterdam 
and Hamburg. Refers to luminosity of fluor spar. 
— ^See also 181. 

190. Schott, Caspar, (i 608-1 666.) Schola steganographica, in classes 

octo distributa, Quibus, praeter alia multa, ac jucundissima 
explicantur Artificia nova, Queis quilibet, scribendo, Epi- 
stolam qualibet de re, et quocunque idiomate potest alteri 
absent!, eorundem Artificiorum conscio, arcanum animi sui 
conceptum, sine ulla secreti latentis suspicione manifestare; 
et scriptam ab aliis eadem arte, quacunque lingua, intelligere, 
et interpretari. 16 I.-I-346 pp.+7 1., pi., tab. 4to. Norimbergae, 
sumptibus Johannis Andreae Endteri. Nuremberg, 1680 

Systems of secret writing. Magnetic signaling by means of a pair of 
compasses, p. 358. Daniel Schwenter is referred to, p. 259, under his 
assumed name of Janus Hercules de Sunde, (See No. 73.) First edition, 
1665. 
— See also 142. 

191. Kuhlmann, Quirinus. (1652-1689.) Kircheriana de Arte magna 

Sciendi sive Combinatoria, admirabilibus quibusdam Inventis, 
Sapientia Infusa, Adamea Salomoneaque, post septennalem 
publicationem, orbe Europeo frustra ringente, consummatius 
emissa ad Ludovicum XIV. Regem Liligerum. 48 pp. Svo. 
Londini, imprimuntur a Johan. Gain pro Authore, ac prostant 
apud Guilelmum Cooper. London, 1681 

Letters on scientific subjects written to Kircher by the author. (See No. 
loa.) 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

192. Senguerdius, Wolferdus. (1646-1724.) Philosophia naturalis 

quatuor partibus primarias corporum species, affectiones, 
vicissitudines et differentias cxhibens. 4 I.+302 pp.+i3 1., ill. 
Sm. 4to. Lugduni Batavorum, apud Danielem a Gaesbeeck. 

Leyden, j68i 
Chapter on the fnagnet, p. J54. 

193. Killer, Ludwig Heinrich. ( .) Mysterium artis ste- 

ganographicae novissimum, modum omnes epistolas, aliaque 
scripta incognita Characteribus furtivis exarata, in omnibus 
linguis, praesertim Latina, Germanica, Gallica, Italica ex- 
pedite solvendi pandens. 11 I.+478 pp. +4 1. i2mo. Ulmae, 
sumptibus Georgii Wilhelmi Kuehnen. Ulm, 1682 

The art of secret writing. In the preface, Daniel Schwcnter's work on 
steganography is referred to. On p. 378, Janus Hercules de Sunde is given 
as Schwenter's assumed name. (See No. 73.) 

194*. Galtruche, Pierre. (Also Gautruche.) (1602-1681.) Mathe- 
maticae totius, hoc est arithmeticae, geometriae clara, brevis 
et accurata institutio. 5 I.+305 pp.+2 1. 20 plates. i2mo. Lon- 
dini, impensis Richardi Green. London, 1683 

Elementary work on mathematics and cosmography; the argument is that 
because the earth is a magnet, it neither turns on its axis nor revolves around 
the sun, p. 222; terrestrial magnetism, p. 227. The author was member of 
the Society of Jesus. 

195*. Kasty Johann Joachim. ( — - — .) Questionum decades 
duae De magnete. i l.-f26 pp.-h2 1. 4to. Argentorati, Staedel. 

Strasburg, 1683 
Discussion of twenty questions about the magnet. Nature of magnetic 
attraction, p. 5; the earth as a magnet, p. 3; effect of arming a magnet, 
p. 23. 

196. Accademia del Cimento. Essayes of natural experiments made 

in the Accademia del Cimento under the protection of the 
most serene Prince Leopold of Tuscany, written in Italian 
by the secretary of that academy. Englished by Richard 
Waller. 12 I.+160 pp.+6 1. 19 plates. 4to. London, for Ben- 
jamin Alsop. London, 1684 

This collection contains papers describing experiments on light, sound and 
electricity. Amber rubbed in vacuo, p. 43; magnetic attraction across a 
vacuum, p. 53; magnetic screening, p. 124; rubbed amber and gems, p. 128; 
discharging action of flames, p. 129; electrical attraction is mutual, p. 130. 

197. De Lanis, Franciscus Tertius, (Lana-Terzi). (1631-1687.) Ma- 

gisterium naturae et artis, opus physico-mathematicum, in 
quo occultiora naturalis philosophiae principia manifestantur, 
et multiplici tum experimcntorum, tum demonstrationum, 
serie comprobantur; ac demum tarn antiqua pene omnia artis 
inventa, quam multa nova ab ipso autvore excogitata in lucem 
proferuntur. 3 vols. 57 plates. Folio. Brixiae, per Jo. 
Mariam Ricciardum. Brescia, 1684-16^ 

Book xxii. of this encyclopaedia in three finely printed folio Tolumes, 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

treats at great length of motion due to electric attraction and rq>ulaion; 
Book xxiii., the same for magnetic attraction; magnetic clocks, p. 409; 
sympathetic compasses, p. 412; the compass and the dipping needle. Book 
xxiii., p. 327. 
— See also 166. 

198. Friderici, Johannes Balthasar. ( .) Cryptographia; 

oder, Geheime schrift muend-und wuerckliche Correspondentz 
welche lehrmaessig vorstellet einc hoch-schaetzbare Kunst 
verborgene Schrifften zu machen und auffzuloesen. 3 I.-f-SSo 
pp. pi. 4to. Hamburg, G. Rebenlein. Hamburg, 168$ 

Treatise on cryptography; code resembling that of Morse, p. 334; signaling 
by lights, p. 353; and by flagi* P* a55> 

199. Sturm, Johann Christoph. (1635-1703.) Ad virum celeberrimum 

Henricum Morum Cantabrigiensem epistola, qua de ipsius 
principio hylarchico seu spiritu naturae et familiari modernis 
hydrostaticis aeris gravitatione et elatere. 116 pp.+3 1* ill. 
4to. Norimbergae, sumptibus Wolfgangi Mauritii Endteri. 

Nuremberg, 1685 
Pressure and flow of liquids, weight and elastic force of air. 
— See also 183. 

200. D(alanc6y Joachim). ( .) Trait6 de Taiman, divis6 en 

deux parties. La premiere contient les experiences et la 
seconde les raisons que Ton en peut rendre par M. D * * ♦ 
II I.+140 pp.+4 1. 49 plates. Sm. 4to. Amsterdam, Henry 
Wetstein. Amsterdam, 16S7 

General treatise (rare) on the magnet and its uses. Invention of the 
compass, p. 8; magnetic mountains of America, p. u; declination, p. 45; 
disproval of magnetic suspension of Mahomet's coffin, p. 59; fallacy of 
magnetic unguents, p. 56; orientation of compass-needle in a magnetic 
field. The illustrations are quaint and suggestive, especially the one on 
the title-page. 

aooa. Another edition. 3 1.+45 PP- 34 plates, Sm. 4to. Li^ge. 

Liege, 169 1 
The illustrations of magnetic phenomena are on a larger scale than in 
the first edition. 

aoi. Boulenger, Jean. ( .) Traite de la sphere du monde. 

320 pp., map & ill. 8vo. Paris, Jean Jombert. Paris, j6i\S 

Extensive treatise on astronomy. 

aoa*. Orpheus. ( .) Argonautica, hymni et de lapidibus 

curante A. Chr. Eschenbachio cum ejusdem ad argonautica 
notis et emendationibus accedunt Henrici Stephani in omnia 
et Josephi Scaligeri in hymnos notae. Graece et Latine. 329 
pp. i2mo. Trajecti ad Rhcnum, apud Guilelmum van dc 
Water. Utrecht, 1689 

These argonautic poems are given in Greek and in Latin; magnetic 
references, pp. 209, 217, 941. Andreas Christian Eschenbach of Nuremberg, 
the editor of these Orphic poems was a distinguished Greek scholar, x663- 
170s. 

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TR AITTE 

D E 

LAIMAN. 

Viv^ en de^x parties. 

La premiere contient Ics Experiences; 

& la (econde les raifons que I'on ea 

pcut rendrc 

Par M'-D**^ 




A AMSTERDAM, 
Chez Henry Wetstein, 1687. 

200. BALANCE, 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

203. Boyle, Robert (1627-1691.) Experimcnta et obscrvationes 

physicae; wherein are briefly treated of several subjects 
relating to natural philosophy in an experimental way, to 
which is added a small collection of strange reports, in two 
parts. 5 I.+158 PP.+28 pp.+i 1. l2mo. London, for John 
Taylor. London, 1691 

In the first 35 pages experiments are described in which lodestones are 
ignited, i.e, raised to a high temperature. 
— See also 146. 

204. Broun, Robert. (Scotus). ( .) Disputatio de fulmine. 

Praeses G. de Vries. (Dissertatio.) 8 1. 4to. Trajecti ad 

Rhenum. Utrecht, 1692 

Thunder-cIouds» x.; effects of lightning, xL; fig-tree and laurel-tree never 
struck, xi. 

205. Vallemont, Pierre de (Abbe Le Lorrain de Vallemont.) (1649- 

1721.) Description de Taimant qui s'est forme a la pointe 
du clocher neuf de N. Dame de Chartres avec plusieurs ex- 
periences tres curieuses, sur Taimant et sur d'autres matieres 
de physique. 6 I.+215 pp. i2mo. Paris, Laurent d' Houry. 

Paris, 1692 
Though entitled a discussion of the magnetic character of a piece of iron that 
belonged to the steeple of Notre Dame de Chartres, which was destroyed by 
a storm in 1690, this work is an important treatise on m^nets and 
magnetic theory. Magnetic forces and corpuscles, p. 35; Descartes' whirling 
screw-like particles, p. 48; illustration of magnetic field due to the earth; 
iron-posts and fire-irons magnetized, p. 52; compass useless in high 
latitudes, p. 59; declination in London and Paris, p. no; secular yariation 
of declination, p. in; invention of the compass, p. 100; magnetic signaling 
through a wall, p. 185; use of compass in traveling, .p. 199; keeper 
strengthens the magnet, p. 203. 

206. La physique occulte, ou, Traite de la baguette divinatoire 

et son utilite pour la decouverte des sources d'eau, des mini- 
eres, des tresors caches, des voleurs et des meurtriers fugitifs, 
avec des principes qui expliquent les phenomenes les plus 
obscurs de la nature. 15 I.+609 pp. ill. i2mo. Paris, Jean 
Anisson. Paris, 1693 

Treatise on the Divining Rod. Amber and jet, p. 83; magnetic dip at Paris, 
p. 130; description of dip-circle, p. 130; whirl of magnetic matter, p. 132; 
illustration of dip, p. 128; the American torpedo, p. 318; magnetic 
corpuscles more subtile than rays of light, p. 320. 

206a. Another edition. 8 I.+422 pp. pi. i6mo. Paris, Jean Boudot. 

Paris, 1696 

This edition has an appendix which gives on p. 32 an account of the 
sympathetic telegraph. 
— See also 214. 

207. Leyboum, William. (1626-1700 (?) ). Pleasure with profit; 
consisting of recreations of divers kinds, viz., numerical, 
geometrical, mechanical, statical, astronomical, magnetical 
and historical, published to recreate ingenious spirits, and to 

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Magnetifmm Magnus . 

O R, 

Metaphyfical and Divine 
CONTEMPLATIONS 

O N T H E 

MAGNET, 

O R, 

LOADSTONE. 



Written by 

Sir MA TTHElV HA L £, Knight, 

fome time Lord Chief- Juftice of 

the lOng^s-BeMb. 

LONDON^ 

Ptinted for William &hr(msk*rj y at the 

Bihh in Dmk'Unty 1^95. 



212. HALE. (Rtditetd.) 
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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

induce them to make farther scrutiny in these sciences. To 
this work is also annext a treatise of algebra, by R. Sauit. 
12 parts. 6 I.+S6+86+31+24+63+28+13+9+9+11+26 pp.+ 
•2 I.+52 pp. ill. pi. Folio. London, for Richard Baldwin. 

London, 1694 
Work of recreative experiments. 
— See also aoy. 

ao8. Reeland, Hadrian. (Also Reland.) (1676-1718.) De libertate 
philosophandi. 18 pp. 4to. Trajecti ad Rhenum. (Inaugural 
dissertation.) Utrecht, i6g4 

Academical thesis in favor of liberty in philosophical speculation. 

aog. Sault, Richard. ( ? -1702.) A new treatise of algebra, apply'd 
to numeral questions and geometry. 2 1.+52 pp. Folio. Lon- 
don for Richard Baldwin. London, (,1694) 
Work of some historical interest to the mathematical reader. 
— See also 207. 

aio« Smith, John. ( .) Horological disquisitions concerning 

the nature of time and the reasons why all days, from noon 
to noon are not alike twenty-four hours long; to which is 
added rules for the ordering and use both of the quicksilver 
and spirit weather-glasses, and Mr. S. Watson's rules for 
adjusting a clock by the fixed stars. 2 I.+92 pp. tab. l2mo. 
London, for Cumberland. London, 1694 

Regulation of the pendulum for time-keeping purposes; one of the early 
works on the subject. 

ail. Sorbi^re, Samuel de. (161 5-1670.) Sorberiana, ou, Bons mots, 
rencontres agreables, pens^es judicieuses et observations 
curieuses. (Memoires pour la vie de S. Sorbiere et J. B. 
Cotelicr, dans une lettre ^crite par M. Graverol. Epulae 
Ferales sivc fragmenti Marmoris Nemantini enodatio. (by 
Graverol. Edited by G. L. Colomyez.) 24 I.+246 pp. i6mo. 
Paris, Cramoisy. Paris, 1694 

Criticism on Cardan, p. 69, on Descartes, p. 76, on Galileo, p. 100, and on 
Porta, p. 169. 

aza. Hale, (Sir) Matthew. (1609-1676.) Magnetismus magnus; or. 
Metaphysical and divine contemplations on the magnet, or, 
loadstone. 4 l.+iSQ pp. i2mo. London, for William Shrows- 
bury. London, 1695 

Religious and moral treatise by the celebrated English jurist The 
discovery of the compass and its introduction into Europe, p. 48; molecular 
magnets, p. 55. "That every smallest particle of this magnet, every little 
dust thereof should have the very same conformation that the entire 
magnet had.*' p. 55. 

ai3. Harrison, Edward. ( .) Idea longitudinis; being a 

brief definition of the best known axioms for finding the 
longitude; or, A more rational discovery thereof, than hath 
been heretofore published. 8 I.+83 pp. i2mo. London, for 
Harrison. London, 1696 

Four magnetic poles, p. 37; "Variation of Variation," p. 27; longitude 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

cannot be found from the magnetic declination of a place, p. 27; annual 
variation, p. a8; no declination near the Azores, p. 39; Strada's poem, 
p. 46. (See No. 90.) Royal Society's lodestone, p. 47. 

214. (Vallemont, Pierre.) (Abbe Lc Lorrain de Vallcmont.) . (164^ 

1721.) Traits de la connoissance des causes magnetiques des 
cures sympathiques des transplantations et comment agissent 
les philtres. Par un curieux de la nature. 34pp.+4l. i2mo. 
(Amsterdam.) Amsterdam, 1696 

Magnetic signaling, p. 32; the rest of the booklet treats of sympathy, 
antipathy and philters. 
— See also 205. 

215. Velsen, Bartholomaeus van. ( .) De honesto. 14 pp. 

4to. Trajecti ad Rhenum. (Inaugural dissertation.) 

Utrecht, 1696 

Metaphysical dissertation on "Honesty." 
ai6. Zahn, Johann. (1641-1707.) Specula physico-mathematico-hi- 
storica notabilium ac mirabilium sciendorum. 3 vols. pi. tab 
Folio. Norimbergac, sumptibus Joannis Christophori Lochner. 

Nuremberg, 1696 

List of writers on the magnet with appreciation of their work, Part li., p. 
68; armed lodestone, p. 69; healing influence of lodestone, p. 69; gagates 
and jet have medicinal properties, Part ii., p 53. Zahn was a priest, 
member of the Premonstratensian order. 

217. (Wallis, John.) (1616-1703.) A brief letter from a young Ox- 

onian to one of his late fellow-pupils upon the subject of mag- 
netism. I 1.4-I4PP. i2mo. London, for S. Kcble. Ijmdon, 1697 
It is thought that this letter was written by the celebrated Dr. WalUs, 
Savilian Professor of Geometry at Oxford. See London Electrical Review, 
Jan. 30, 1 89 1. P. 10 contains a "draught" illustrating the arrangement of 
magnetic lines of force. 
~-See also 2448. 

218. Zwinger, Theodor, (the younger). (165&-1724.) Scrutinum 

magnetis physico-medicum, quo mirifici illius lapidis natura 
viresque e principiis mechanicis cxplicantur. 4 I.+214 pp.+ 
T 1. i2mo. Basileae, ex officina Joh. Philippi Richteri. 

Basle, 1697 

Comprehensive treatise on the magnet. Inventor of the compass, p. 45; 
declination observed by Cabot and Oviedo, pp. 46, 68, 158; dip by 
Norman, p. 46: magnetic lines of the earth defined, p. 50; action of 
nitric acid in weakening a magnet, p. 175; magnet with four poles, p. 175; 
medical uses of the magnet, p. 185. 

219. Bartholinus, Caspar Thomas. (1655-1738.) Specimen philoso- 

phiac naturalis praecipua physiccs capita exponcns. Acccdit 
de fontium fluviorumque origine ex pluviis, dissertatio phy- 
sica. 7 I.+175 PP.+2 l.-f26 pp. i2mo. Oxoniae, impensis 
Henr. Clements. Oxford, 1698 

Properties of the magnet, p. 80; magnetic impulsion is not attraction, 
p. 81; Cartesian views of magnetic matter, p. 83. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

919a. ^Another edition. 6 I.+164 pp.+2 I.+23 pp. i6mo. Oxoniae, 

Henr. Clements. Oxford, 1703 

aao. (Puget, Louis de.) (1629-1709.) Lettres ecrites a un philosophe 
sur le choix d'une hypothese propre a expliquer les eflfets de 
Taiman. i l.+'ijS pp. i2mo. (Lyons, i6gQ) 

Defense of the Cartesian doctrine of the earth's magnetism against twenty- 
three objections. 

aai. Blom, Leonard. ( .) De anno seculari 1700. 10 pp. 4to. 

Trajecti ad Rhenum. (Exercitatio Philosophica.) Utrecht, i/oo 

Remarks on the beginning of century-years. 

222. Cesi, Innocenzo. (1652-1704.) De meteoris dissertatio. 6 1.+ 
89 pp. i2mo. Mantuae, A. Pazzo. Mantua, 1700 

Work on general meteorology showing how to produce many curious 
natural phenomena; lightning and thunder, p. 37. 

293. De qualitatibus dissertatio. 5 I.+204 pp. i2mo. Mantuae, 

A. Pazzo. Mantua, 1700 

£lectric attraction due to thread-like particles and magnetic effluvia, p. 157; 
discharging power of flames, p. 152; the earth's magnetism, pp. 157, 164, 
172; how a magnet may be weakened, p. 178; its strength preserved, p. 180. 

224*. Martius, Johannes Nicolaus. ( .) Dissertatio inauguralis 

physico-medica, De magia naturali, ejiisque usu medico ad 
magice et magica curandum. 44 pp. 4to. Erfordiae, excudebat 
J. H. Grosch. Erfurt, 1700 

Thesis submitted for the degree of Licentiate in Medicine. Various lands 

of natural magic, p. la; the siphon, p. 17; uses of the magnet in medicine, 

pp. 28, 31, 36. 
225. Le Brun, P(ierre). (1661-1729.) Histoire critique dcs pratiques 
superstitieuses, qui ont seduit les peuples ct embarrasse les 
s^avans. Avec la methode et les principes pour discerner 
les effets naturels d'avec ceux qui ne le sont pas, par un pretre 
de Toratoire (i.e.. Rev. Pierre Le Brun). 2 vols. i2mo. 
Rouen, Behourt. Rouen, 1701-1702 

Critical history of superstitious practices. This is a copy of the first edition. 

Vol. i., p. 393, disbelief in m^^etic communication between distant 

persons. 

226t. Bergerac, Savinien, Cyrano de (1629-1655.) Les oeuvres de 
Monsieur de Cyrano de Bergerac. 2 vols, portr. i2mo. 
Cologne. Cologne, 1703 

Considerations on physics and cosmography. Vol. ii. contains the "Comic 
History of the States and Empires of the Moon," which may have suggested to 
Dean Swift the idea of Gulliver's Travels, This work, which passed 
through many editions in the latter half of the Seventeenth Century, con- 
tains numerous speculations on matters pertaining to the domain of science. 
One of the many curious passages in the Voyage to the Sun, vol. ii., p.aa7, 
relates that when at a certain distance from that luminary, the human 
body becomes transparent so that the bones and internal organs may be seen. 
The author was of the swashbuckler type and is thus portrayed in Rostand's 
play. 

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thoagh It Iboald be made in «mw^ whoB dalBisdipaitoCthe MiSamwtAA 
nake TC17 link « no Akentioa 



aat pjace-to confidet what mkf be tbe Giitte ihneqC 

Aid lifft, 1 iKUete I aallii9t need mfiy imich %dirfl tiK Od^ 
JEfnr jibrttr, whkhfoppofaewcnrpiR of Matn 104ft igdananliiHl?; fix' 
Sit bte fivpoK aU KUofopI^ k vaiBi and tlM 11^ 
iaioMaiwB. - *.^ 

And l^MttUr. I have as little to^llif to iia'CniiOii fuiiiiaOpiaton iiiif. ^ 

And |)f. Hie Eficwrta hjna$ feim to ne to glfeaa Iit4ecf Ei^biiatiM 
alaoA as eiifaec of the fenner. 




becaoie thejr do 00c give aojr icafca why Bodies (bootd ddcaod lowaids the 
Cfeoier under or oear the Polo. 

dly, Hoiftm^Miatiifm of G«J»#yv or JCMr lenre\ for, as I fliaUaf^ 
lerwafds (hew, that is a Profirieij diftiiid ftom Gnviqr, and or quiie another 
natuKi 

Ic maft thetefoie be ftmewhat elft differing from all tbefe, which bjr lealoQinif iMi^« 
of Its aaiNg^ the means of fonevo^rioieoiibleBodrt it wiUboferyhaidtoiirarMaf^f. 
demoiiftrace, yet doc altogether impomUe. We find then that a Propriety fixne- 
what lilLO this is to be found in the Ataafiioo of the .Magnet and lioa . Ano> 
ther fomewhat like it is to be f oond in Amber, Jet, Glaia, Chiyftal, Diamonds^ 
and levenl hard Bodies upon Robbbig ; And moire ioftnaivejet to tUsInqoi- 
ry ische Esperimeot of Ut.Ntwiwt^ of mbUi^m Plate oTGLiCl which is 
laid over (bmefmail bits of Paper, or other light Bodies, atiboediflanoe, hf 
which Rubbing the Papen are made to rite up towards the GlafiL and-ftick £tft 
to it. Now in all thefe Eiperimeois then is « ftafibU AttnGBoo of Grave 
Bodks 10 the refpe£Uve actnOing Bodice, or at l^ft a Motion of thofe Bodies 
towards onesnocher ; though in all, the JIMnnk, that cadea this Endeavour of 
Motion, be fnfeofible. Some have fuppolbd for Amber, tbt the ftoM beii^ t 
very nn&nous Body, cerain ihiagy nnSooos l^ffbnu am fint out, which ftick- 
iqg tor the licht Bodies, are dnwn into the Amber aain, and fo bring badL with 
them theligQt Bodiei But this is very hard 10 be iuppofed of Glafi or Qay- 
fialk andieaft of all of a Diamond, which.yet vrill have a.c9ofideiable EleCbl- 
city, as "dscalled, vpon Rubbinci Befidea, *tisevidenc by Mr. ArarAv's Eipe- 
riment, that the neaseft Eleftricity of GUIs la at the very time when it is hard* 
eft robbed, whi^ (honld. be the time when i!iefe unChtoos-Strings (hoold be 
ieot out I His neceflai^ therefore that fome other Medium mult be found than 
chele noctnousaod flrmgy EoMnatioos. 

If wefitftherconfidcrof theie Experiments, we (ball find thst there la in all 
chefe a nece^ty of an hiwoal vibrative Motion of the Parts of the Electrlck 
Bodies t and that fo fooo as ever that Motion ceaies, theHeccridnralfooeaiest 
We ouy therefore condode, chat chete may be fuch sin iotemal Motion of the 
Pares or fome Bodies, as nuy caufe an Electrical Vircue in cheqi, whereby they 
will be able to draw, with fome fmall Degree of Power, fome Bodies to them. 

I have already here produced fevetal Experimenp, whereby I have (hewn how 
mechanically to produce fuch an Actnction cowards the actios Body. The fitft 
was that of a Body placed upon a wooden Rod, theone End oF which was k^ 
In its place by » Spring, andi the other was (truck by a Hammer, wheieby it 
plainly appeared, that at every Stroke the Body was moved on the Rod towards 
the Hammer that llruck. Here the Mtber was refembled to a Solid. By the 
kcoad Experiment, where a Ball poifed in Water defeended toward the (mking 
Part, I (hewed how the lame Effect might be done by a fluid Medium, as in 
the ochet was done by a Solid. In the third was (hewn how t Fluid aUb migliC 

227. HOOKE. {Reduced.) 
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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

237. Hooke» Robert. (1635-1702.) Posthumous works containing jiis 
Cutlerian lectures and other discourses read at the meetings 
of the Royal Society. Illustrated with sculptures. To these 
discourses is prefixt the author's life published by Richard 
Waller. 3 l.+xxviii.+S72 pp.+6 1. 13 plates. Folio. London, 
Waller. London, 170$ 

On p. 183, the autlior holds that electrification ic caused by vibratory motion 
and not by emissions of effluvia. The luminous radiation (electric light) 
observed in the dark when a diamond is briskly rubbed is attributed, p. 54* 
to the same molecular motion. A discourse on variation begins on p. 484- 
Lightning and thunder, p. 424. 
— See also a6a. 

228. Howard, Edward. (• .) Copernicans of all sorts, con- 

victed by proving, that the earth hath no diurnal or annual 
motion as is supposed by Copernicans, from the beginning of 
the world to this day: As also that their hypothesis is astro- 
nomically, philosophically, and sensibly false, to all impartial 
apprehensions. To which is annex'd a treatise of the magnet, 
as also how to find the annual variation of the compass. 4 
1.4-125 pp. 2 plates. Sm. i2mo. London, for Jeffery Wale. 

London, 170$ 
Tract on magnetic variation, beginning p. 76. Very rare. 

229. Punhall, Conyers. ( .) An essay at the mechanism of 

the macrocosm: or, The dependence of effects upon their 
causes, in a new hypothesis. 8 l.-f-336 pp. 8vo. London, for 
Jeffery Wale. London, 1705 

Continuous character of magnetic "streams," p. 367; thqr pass through 
gold, a man's body, or a vacuum, but are stopped by iron, p. 267; pores and 
magnetic particles, p. 270; "field" due to spherical magnet, p. 273; magnetisa- 
tion of iron bar while cooling in a vertical position, p. 375; sympathetic 
powder, p. 079. 

230. Borst, Jacobus van der. ( — - — .) De libertate mentis 

humanae. 9 pp. 4to. Trajecti ad Rhenum. (Dissertatio 
Pneumatica.) Utrecht, 1707 

Dissertation on the liberty of the human mind. 
231*. Andala, Ruard. (1665-1727.) Exercitationes Academicae 
in Philosophiam primam et naturalem; in quibus philosophia 
Renati Des-Cartes clare et perspicue explicatur confirmatur, 
necnon vindicatur. 8 1.+26+590 pp.+9 1. 3 plates. 4to. 
Franequerae, ex officina Wibii Bleck. Franecker, 1709 

Twenty-four pages on the magnet: its history, polarity, orientation, and 
declination. Difference between electric and magnetic attraction, p. 570. 
The author was a follower of Gilbert; Descartes is named the "Architect of 
Experimental Philosophy." 

332. Hauksbee, F(rancis.) ( ? -1713.) Physico-mechanical experi- 
ments on various subjects, containing an account of several 
surprising phenomena touching light and electricity, pro- 
ducible on the attrition of bodies, together with the explana- 

151 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

tions of all the machines and other apparatus used in making 
experiments. 7 1.+I94 PP* 7 plates. 4to. London, for the 
author. London, 1709 

Important contribution to the study of electric phenomena. This is a 
copy of the first edition, now very rare. Light due to friction of mercury 
against sides of exhausted glass-globe recognized as "flashes of lightning," 
p. 9; electric induction, p. 37; vacuous globe glows when rubbed externally, 
p. 4x; violent repulsion, p. 4J; crackling noise, pp. 52, 56; exhausted globe 
lit up when near a second one containing air and rubbed externally, 
p. 6a. This work attracted much attention at the time and was translated 
into French and Italian. 

a3aa. Second edition. With a supplement containing several new 

experiments not in the former edition. 8 1.+336 pp. 8 plates. 
8vo. London, for J. Senex. London, 1719 

asab. (French translation.) Experiences physico-raechaniques 

sur differents sujets, traduites de Tanglais par feu M. de 
Br^mond. Revues et mises au jour, avec un discours prelimi- 
naire, des remarques et des notes par M. Desmarest 2 vols. 
6 plates. i2mo. Paris, Veuve Cavelier. Paris, j/54 

233. Reinxer, Franz. ( .) Meteorologia philosophico-po- 

litica in duodecim dissertationes per quaestiones meteoro- 
logicas et conclusiones politicas divisa, appositisque symbolis 
illustrata. 5 I.+297 pp.+3 1. ill. pl. Folio. Augustae Vindeli- 
corum, impensis Jeremiae Wolfii. Augsburg, lyog 

Work on general meteorology. Effects of lightning, p. 48; thunder-storm, p. 
5a; objects most and least liable to be struck, p. 53; amber and electric 
force, p. 257; armed magnet, p. 273; magnetic field mapped out by iron 
filings, p. 274; magnetism of the earth, p. 275. The engravings form a 
feature of the work. 

a34. Henghel, Daniel van. ( .) De conjunctione mentis 

cum corpore humano. 35 pp. 4to. Trajecti ad Rhenum. (In- 
augural dissertation.) Utrecht, 1710 
On the union of the mind and body, a philosophical dissertation. 

a35. TorfaeuB, Thormodr. (Thormodur Torfesen.) (1640-1719.) 
Historia rerum Norvegicarum, in qua praeter Norvigae de- 
scriptionem, primordia gentis, instituta, mores, incrementa, 
etc., et quaecunque ad Regni Norvegici illustrationem spec- 
tant, luci publicae exponuntur. (With a dedication by C. 
Reitzer.) 4 vols. Folio. Hafniae, ex typographeo Joachimi 
Schmitgenii. Copenhagen^ 1711 

First edition of this celebrated history of Norway by the Icelandic historian. 
Reference to the use of the compass for navigation purposes in the year 
xa66. Part iv., p. 345. See also the article magnetism in the Encyclopaedia 
MetropoUtana, p. 737. (See No. 2645.) 

a36. Billingsley, Case. ( .) Longitude at sea, not to be 

found by firing guns, but the only true method by the sun, 
moon or stars. 28 pp. i2mo. London, for Richard Mount. 

London, 1714 
The earth kept together and upheld in space by magnetic attraction, p. xi. 



I— 11 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

837. Browne, Robert. ( .) Methods, propositions and prob- 
lems for finding the latitude and longitude at sea by coelestial 
observations only and also by Watches, etc. 20 pp. 8vo. 
London, for the author. London, 1714 

The author uses lunar distances and the position of known stars for 
determining latitude. 

238. Clarke, James. ( .) An essay wherein a method is 

humbly proposed for measuring equal time with the utmost 
exactness without the necessity of being conBn'd to clocks, 
in order to discover the longitude at sea. i I.-I-32 pp. ill. 
i2mo. London, for J. Morphew. London, 1714 

Clepsydra, in which mercury is used instead of water. 

239. Derham, William. (1657-1735.) Physico-theology; or, A demon- 

stration of the being and attributes of God from his works 
of creation. Being the substance of xvi sermons, preached at 
Mr. Boyle's Lectures in the years 171 1 and 1712. With large 
notes and many curious observations never before published. 
Third edition. 8 l.-f447 pp.+6 1. pl. 8vo. London, for W. 
Innys. London, 1714 

The first edition appeared in 17 13. Magnetic orientation and variation, p. 
377; invention of printing, p. 278. 

asga. Eighth edition. 8 l.+xvi.+444 pp.+6 1. pl. 8vo. London, 

for W. Innys. London, 1732 

— See also 263. 

340. Plank, Stephen. ( .) An introduction to the only 

method for discovering longitude. Presented to both Houses 
of Parliament. 8 pp. i2mo. London, for the author. 

London, 17 14 
This "introduction" is limited to eight pages on chronometers and the 
determination of local time. 

341. Reimann, Christoph Friederich. ( .) De succino elec- 

tricorum principe. Praeses H. von Sanden. 36 pp. 4to. 
Regiomonti, Reusner. (Inaugural dissertation.) 

Konigsberg, 1714 
Academic discussion of current views on electrical theory. 

949. Whiston, William. (1667-1752) and Humphrey Ditton. (1675- 
1715) New method for discovering the longitude both at sea 
and land, humbly proposed to the consideration of the pub- 
lick. 78 pp.+i 1. i2mo. London, for John Phillips. 

London, 1714 
Curves of magnetic variation, p. 15; sound heard at a distance of 100 
miles, p. 19. Whiston was a celebrated philosopher and divine, and Professor 
of Mathematics at Cambridge. 
— See also 345, 256. 

243. Dunnehaupt, Albert Christian. ( .) Sphaericam tel- 

luris figuram disputatio postrema. 16 pp. 4to. Vitem- 
bergae, Chr. Schroeder. Wittenberg, 1715 

Early work on the form of the earth. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

344. Oostendorp, Johannes. ( .) De dimensione linearum 

rcctarum. 23 pp. i plate. 4to. Trajecti ad Rhenum, G. van 
der Water. (Inaugural dissertation.) Utrecht, 1716 

Speculation on the dimension of a straight line. 

245. Whiston, William. (1667-1752.) An account of a surprising 
meteor, seen in the air March the 6th, 1715-16 at night. 78 
pp. i2mo. London, for J. Senex. London, 1716 

Brief account of an aurora borealis seen by the author to which he adds 
descriptions of other remarkable aurorae. 
— See also 242. 

346. Huet, Pierre-Daniel. (i$30-i72i.) History of the commerce and 
navigation of the ancients, made English from the Paris 
edition. 16 I.+265 pp. 8vo. London, for Lintot. London, 1717 
On pw 48 it is stated that the Greeks guided their ships by the Great Bear 
and the Phoenicians by the Little Bear. The author, one of the most learned 
men of France and principal editor of the celebrated edition of the Latin 
classics ad usum Dtlphini, was Bishop of Avranches. Dr. Edward Weston 
possesses the 1600 edition of Gilbert's De Magnete — an uncorrected copy — 
which formerly belonged to Bishop Huet. It contains MS. notes, as well 
as the Bishop's arms and very rare book-plate. 

247. Lueders, Gerhard. ( .) De methodis demonstrandi de- 

clinationem magnetis variam et inconstantem. 56-I-16 pp. i 
plate. 4to. Vitembergae, St. Gerdesianus. (Inaugural dis- 
sertation.) Wittenberg, 1718 

Two rare pamphlets on magnetic declination with tables of same from 
Kircher. According to Hellmann's Rara Magnetica, the first printed reference 
to magnetic declination occurs in a work by Francisco Falero, published 
in XS3S. 

248. Polini^re, Pierre. (1671-1734.) Experiences de physique. 2nd. 

edition. 4 1.+5S3 pp.+i2 1. pi. i2mo. Paris, Jean de Laulne. 

Paris, 1718 
Collection of typical experiments with magnets. Explanations based on the 
Cartesian theory of pores and screw-like particles. Magnet in vacuo, p. a6$; 
lifting power of a N-seeking pole less in the Southern than in the Northern 
hemisphere, p. 269; magnetization of vertical bars, p. 271; declination and 
dip, p. 296; causes of electrical attraction, p. 298. There are numerous 
magnetic diagrams at the end of volume. First edition, 1709. 

249. Desaguliers, J(ean) T(heophile). (1683-1744,) Lectures of ex- 

perimental philosophy, to which is added a description of 
Mr. Rowley's machine called the orrery, all carefully cor- 
rected by Mr. Desaguliers. 10 I.+201 pp. 3 1. ill. 10 plates. 
Sm. 4to. London, for W. Mears. London, 1719 

Fundamental principles of mechanics and hydraulics. Desaguliers held a 
high place among the savants of his day. 
— See also 306, 364. 

950. Newton, (Sir) Isaac. (1642-1727.) Optice sive de reflextionibus, 
refractionibus, inflexionibus et coloribus Lucis libri tres. 

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- [ 342 ] 

liqudres inter fe pcrmixti, quorum particular 
cum impetu concurrunt ; ut oleum vitrioli a 
mtro pari pondere diftillatum, dein dupla por- 
done mixtum cum oleo caryofbyllorum^ five #- 
nifi. Similiter globus vitreus,. diametro circi- 
ter 8 aut lo unciarum, machins verfatili in- 
fixusy ui circa axem fuum motu celernmo cir- 
cnmagatur ; qua fui parte vola manus appofita 
inter volvendum comricetur, lucebit. Quod 
fi eodem tempore charta alba, aut linteum al- 
bum, vel etiam digitus extremus ita admovea- 
tur, ut circiter quarta vel dimidia unciae parte 
diftet a vitro, qua parte motus ejus eft celer- 
rimus ; vapor eleftricus friftione manus e vitro 
excitatus, & ad chartam albam, linteum, vel 
digitum allifus, ita agitabitur, ut lucem conti- 
nuo emittat, efHciatque ut charta ilia alba, lin- 
teum, vel digitus, tanquam cicindela, lucefcat: 
Ouin & e vitro erumpens, ea vi nonnunquam 
ad digitum allidetur, ut etiam ta6lu percipi 
queat. Quod idem quoque evenir, quando cy-^ 
hndrus e virro eledrove, longus & amplus, char- 
ta manu admota eoufque confricetur, donee 
vitrum incaluerir. 

^. 9. Annon Ignis, corpus eft eoufque ca- 
lefaaum, ut copiouus lumen emittat ? Quid e- 
nim aliud eft ferrum candens, nifi ignis? Quid- 
ve aliud eft carbo candens, nifi lignum eoufq; 
calefaihim, ut id lumen emittat ? 

G^u, 10. Annon Flamraa, vapor eft, fumus^ 
five exhalatio candefafta ; hoc eft, calcfada uf- 
que eo, ut lumen emittat? Corpora enim flam- 
mam non concipiunt, nifi fi emittant fumum 
copiofum; qui porro ftimus, ardec in tlamtaa. 
J^nis fatuusy eft vapor fine calore lucens: Et 



250. NEIVTON. {Reduced,) 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

Latine reddidit Samuel Clarke. 2nd edition. 8 I.+415 pp. 
12 plates. 8vo. Londini, ex officina Gulielmi Bowyer. 

Ltmdon, 1719 
Light enittod by bodies whea agitated bj heat, MctioBt or pereoMioB, p. 
34r; ekctrie glow, p. 34a; magnetie and eleetrie attractkm, pi. 380. The 
first edition of this famous work on theoretical optics appeared in 1704. 
— See also 639. 

251. Norwood, Richard. (1590 (?)-i675.) The seaman's practice, con- 

taining a fundamental problem in navigation, experimentally 
verified; namely touching the compasse of the Earth and Sea, 
and the quantity of a degree in our English measures. With 
certain tables and other rules used in navigation, the varia- 
tion of the compass. 104 pp. 4to. London, for R. Mount. 

London, 1719 
Use of the compass in nayigation, p. 85; first edition, 1637; Norwood was 
among the first to determine the length of a degree of the meridian. 
— See alao 284. 

252. s'Gravesande, William James. (1688-1742.) Mathematical 

elements of physicks, prov'd by experiments; being an in- 
troduction to Sir Isaac Newton's philosophy; made English 
and revis'd and corrected by John Keill. 2 vols. 33 plates. 
8vo. London, for G. Strahan. London, 1720 

s'Graresande introduced the Newtonian philosophy into the University 
of Leyden in which he held the chair of mathematics and astronomy. (See 
No. 639.) 

252a. Mathematical elements of natural philosophy, confirmed 

by experiments; or, An introduction to Sir Isaac Newton's 
philosophy. Translated into English by J. T. Desaguliers. 
3rd edition. 2 vols. 58 plates. 8vo. London, for Senex. 

London, 1726 

Vol. li. belongs to the second edition. Electrical experiments, toL ii.; 
electrification, a vibratory motion, p. 7; luminous mercury fountain, p. is. 

252b. (Latin edition.) Physices elementa mathematica, experi- 

mentis confirmata, sive introductio ad philosophiam New- 
toniam. Editio tertia. 4to. Leidae, apud Johannem Arnoldum 
Langerok. Leyden, 1742 

Electrical machine described, p. 669; eontrlTance for revolving bodies in 
vacuo, p. 680; electrification due to the breakage of ctystals, p. 680. 
— See also 448. 

253. Magalottiy Lorenzo. (1637-1712.) Lettere scientifiche ed 

erudite. Con ritratto. xxiv+303 pp. portr. 4to. Firenze, 
Tartini e Franchi. Florence^ 1721 

Remarkable letters on physical subjects: air pressure and the attraction of 
rubbed amber, p. 79; magnet In vacuo, p. 93; eicperlment with amber, p. a 14* 

953a. Another edition, xii+396 pp. portr. 8vo. Milan. (Si pnb- 

blicarono nella Raccolta de Classici Italiani.) Milan, 1806 
—See also 678. 

157 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

954. Ode, Jacob. (1698-1751.) Dc atmosphacra. 88 pp. i plate. 4to. 
Trajecti ad Rhenum, G. van de Water. (Inaugural disserta- 
tion.) Utrecht, 1721 
Various phenomena of the atmosphere. 
— Sec also ^58, 277. 

255. Radae, Philipp. ( .) De habitibus intellcctus et vo- 
luntatis. 40 pp. 4to. Trajecti ad Rhenum. (Inaugural dis- 
sertation.) Utrecht, 1721 

Philosophy of volition. 
356. Whiston, Will(iani). (1667-1752.) Longitude and latitude 
found by the inclinatory or dipping needle wherein the laws 
are also discovered, to which is prefix'd an historical preface. 
2 I.+xxviii+ii5 PP+i 1. chart. i2mo. London, for Senex. 

London, 1721 
Tract on magnetic phenomena, declination and dip. Law of distance, p. 15; 
small oscillations, p. 38; magnetic attraction balanced against gravity, p. 30; 
horizontal component and total force, p. 34; lines of equal dip, p. 41: 
Hudson's magnetic observations, p. 53. 

356a. Another edition, to which is prefix'd an historical preface, 

and to which is subjoined Mr. R. Norman's New Attractive or 
account of the first invention of the dipping needle. 2 1.+ 
xxviii+115 pp. +4 1 +43 pp. chart, ill. 8vo. London, for Senex. 

London, 1721 
"Boussole" from box, boxcl, iv.; declination said to have been discovered 
by Cabot in 1500, v.; variation of declination, vi.; movable magnetic poles, 
viii.; Halley*s four poles, ix.; dip discovered, xiii.; loss of weight said to 
accompany magnetization; law of distance, 13; south magnetic pole, p. 54. 
(See No. 66.) 
— See also 242. 

257. Musschenbroek, Pieter van. (1692-1761.) Oratio de certa metho- 

do philosophiae experimentalis. 53 pp. 4to. Trajecti ad 
Rhenum, G. van de Water. (Inaugural dissertation.) 

Utrecht, 1723 

Method to be followed in experimental philosophy; the author, who was 

Professor of Natural Philosophy in the University of Leyden, was among 

the great instructors and investigators of his day. 

— See also 268, 276, 300, 31a, 383, 427. 

258. Ode, Jacob. ( 1698-175 1.) Oratio de laudibili priscorum homi- 

num philosophandi methodo. 52 pp. 4to. Trajecti ad Rhenum. 

(Inaugural dissertation.) Utrecht, 1723 

Discourse on the philosophical methods and systems of some ancient 
philosophers. 
— See also 254. 

359.* Quellmalz, Sam(uel) Theodor. (1696-1758.) Dissertatio 
physica de magnete. 15 pp. 4to. Lipsiae. Leipzig, 1723 

The magnet and its poles, p. 4; magnetic effluvia, p. 5; nature of the 
lodestone; why artificial magnets are the stronger, p. 14. 

360. Rohault, Jacques. (1620- 1675.) System of natural philosophy, 
illustrated with Dr. Samuel Clarke's notes taken mostly out 

158 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

of Sir Isaac Newton's Philosophy, with additions done into 
English by John Clarke. 2 vols. 27 plates. 8vo. London, for 
James Knapton. London, 1723 

Standard work on physics. Discussion of what was known on the magnet 
in the author's time. Attraction between the lodestone and iron is mutual, 
p. 163; continuity of magnetic matter; field shown by filings, p. 177; magneti- 
zation of fire-irona and church-crosses, p. 175; why armed lodestones have 
greater lifting power, p. 181; iron affords freer passage to magnetic matter 
than air, p. 186; field due to rubbed amber, p. 187; lightning and thunder, 
p. ai9; thunderbolt and thunderstone, p. aai; effect of ringing bells during 
an electric storm, p. 222, (See No. 639.) 
— See also 171. 

96z. Santanelli, Ferdinando. ( .) Philosophiae reconditae 

sive Magicae magneticae mumialis scientiae explanatio. 4 1.+ 
108 pp. 4to. Coloniae. Cologne, 1723 

Cap. xiv. is entitled "Magnets and magnetic sorcery." 

a6a. Hooke, Robert (1635-1702) and others. Philosophical experi- 
ments and observations by Robert Hooke and other eminent 
Virtuosos in his time, published by W. Derham. 4 1.+591 
pp. +4 1. ill. 4 plates. 8vo. London, W. and J. Innys. 

London, 1726 
Papers on various scientific subjects: history of the barometer, pp. 3 and 169; 
magnetism of drills and chisels, p. 129; ether the medium of propagation of 
light, p. 144; iuTention of the telescope, p. 257; magnetic declination at 
Alexandria, p. 300; origin of amber and jet, p. 315. 
— See also 227, 

363. Royal Society of London. Miscellanea curiosa, containing a 
collection of some of the principal phaenomena in nature, 
accounted for by the g^'eatest philosophers of this age. Dis- 
courses read and delivered to the Royal Society; also a col- 
lection of curious travels, voyages, antiquities, and natural 
histories of countries; to which is added A discourse of the 
influence of the sun and moon on human bodies by R. £. 
Mead and also Fontenelle's preface of the usefulness of ma- 
thematical learning. 3rd edition. Vol. i. (complete in 3 vols.) 
revised and corrected by W. Derham. 8vo. London, for J. 
and J. Knapton. London, 1726 

Theory of four terrestrial magnetic poles, p. 41; declination at London and 
Paris, p. 45. 

964. Amtsen, Wilhelm. ( .) De origine animae humanae. 

49 pp. 4to. Trajecti ad Rhenum, Alex, van Megen. (Inaugural 
dissertation.) Utrecht, 1728 

Philosophical inquiry into the origin of the soul. 

965. Qciswei^ Wilhelm. ( .) De figura tclluris sphaerica. 

43 pp. 4to. Trajecti ad Rhenum, Alex, van Megen. (Dispu- 
tatio philosophica.) Utrecht, 1729 

Piper on the form of the earth. 



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T^LB.ir: 













^^^^^if^ 



268. MUSSCHENBROEK, {Reduced.) 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

a66, (Hamilton, James) (vL Earl of Abcrcorn.) (1656-1734.) Calcu- 
lations and tables relating to the attractive virtue of load- 
stones, serving to the finding out the comparative degrees 
of goodness between several of them; also to know how 
much any loadstone, being of any proposed weight would 
sustain and also to know the value in money of any load- 
stone. I I.-I-14 pp.H-28 1. i2mo. (London, 1729) 
Carrying power of the lodestone with numerical datm. The tables are 
engraved on steel plates. See Philosophical Transactions, 1739-1730. 

267. Luloffs, Johann. (1711-1768.) De causis, propter quas zona 

torrida est habitabilis. 46 pp. 4to. Trajecti ad Rhenum, Alex, 
van Megen. (Disputatio Philosophica.) Utrecht, IT29 

Physical conditions of the torrid sone. 
— See also 275. 

268. Musschenbroek, Pieter van. (1692-1761.) Physicae experimen- 

tales, et geometricae de magnete, tuborum capillarium vitre- 
orumque speculorum attractione, magnetudine terrae, cohae- 
rentia corporum firmorum dissertationes ut et ephemerides 
meteorologicae ultrajectinae. 5L-I-685 pp. 28 plates and 
meteorological diary, i table, 4to, and charts. Lugduni Bata- 
vorum, apud Samuelem Luchtmans. Leyden, 1729 

Numerical data on the laws and phenomena of magnetism. Law of distance, 
p. so; action of flames, p. 70; whirling magnet, p. 116; consequent poles, 
p. 243; declination at Paris and London, p. 150; dip, p. ao6. Contains 
Halley's chart of magnetic lines. 
— See also 257. 

269. Wishoff, Coenraedt. ( — - — .) De wonderwerken Godts. i 

page. I plate. Folio. Leyden (No. 17). Leyden, 1729 

Note on a phenomenon resembling the aurora borealis. 

270. Allen, John, (or Alleyn). (i66o(?)-i74i.) Specimina Ichno- 

graphica; or, A brief narrative of several new inventions and 
experiments; particularly the navigating a ship in a calm, the 
improvement of the engine to raise water by fire, a new 
method of drying malt, etc. 44 pp. i plate. 4to. London, 
printed for W. Innys. London, 1730 

Tubular boiler recommended for ships; propulsion of ships hf atr-gngines 
and sttam-engints: interesting on account of date. 

271. Amort, Eusebius. (1692-1775.) Philosophia Pollingana, in qua 

Summulae Logicae, Physicae, et Metaphysicae eo modo, quo in 
Academiis dictari solent continentur. Varia nova opuscula 
philosophica inseruntur. 856 pp. ill. Folio. Augustae Vinde- 
licorum, sumptibus P. ac M. Veit et Joannis fratris haeredum. 

Augsburg, I7S0 

This work on logic and metaphysics contains a section on the natnre of 
magnetic declination and dip together with tables and a rule for finding 
latitude by means of the declination. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

aya-t Doppelmajrr, Johann Gabriel. (1671-17SO.) Historischc Nach- 
richt von den nuernbergischen Mathematicis und Kuenstlern, 
welche fast von dreyen Seculis her durch ihre Schrifften und 
Kunst-Bemuehungen die Mathematic und mehreste Kuenste 
in Nuernberg vor andern trefflich befoerdert und sich um 
solche sehr wohl verdient gemacht zu einem gutem Exempel, 
und zur weitern ruehmlichen Nachahmung in zweyen 
Theilen an das Liecht gestellet. 10 1.+3I4 PP-+9 1- Folio. 
Nuernberg, Wonath. Nuremberg, 1730 

Biographical notices of the mathematiciaiu and artists of Nuremberg with 
copious notes and references. The author was a distinguished mathematician. 
— See also 274, 31 x. 

a73. Bouguer, (Pierre.) (1698-1758.) De la methode d'observer en 
mer la declinaison de la boussole. 3 I.+7+67 pp. 2 plates. 
4to. Paris, Jombert. Paris, 1731 

Prize essay of the Academic des Sciences for 1731, on the determination 
of magnetic declination at sea. The author was a celebrated mathematician. 

374. Doppelmayr, Johann Gabriel. (1671-1750.) Physica experimen- 

talis illustrata oder Naturwissenschaft in einem kurzen Begriff. 
44 pp. 4to. Nuernberg, Joh. Fr. Ruedigers. Nuremberg, 1731 
Syllabus of a course of lectures on experimental physics. 
— See also 272, 

375. Luloffs, Johann. (1711-1768.) Disputatio philosophica inaugu- 

ralis de Aurora Boreali. 83 pp. 4to. Trajecti ad Rhenum, 
apud Alex, van Megen. Utrecht, 1731 

Dissertation on the nature of polar aurorae. 
— See also 267. 

376. Musschenbroek, Pieter van. (1692-1761.) Tentamina experi- 

mentorum naturalium captorum in Accademia del Cimento et 
ab ejus Academiae secretario conscriptorum ex italico in 
latinum conversa, quibus commentarios, nova experimenta, et 
orationem de methodo instituendi experimenta physica ad- 
didit. 8 l.+xlviii+6 I.+193+192 Pp.+7 1. 32 plates. 1. 4to. 
Lugduni Batavorum, apud Joan, et Herra. Verbeek. 

Leyden, 1731 

Screening action of iron, p. 74; magnetic force transmitted through liquids, 
p. 75; experiments with rubbed amber, p. 81; discharging property of flames, 
p. 87. 
— See also 357. 

377. Ode, Jacob. (1698-1751.) Oratio de naturali Jobi amicorumque 

ejus ac ipsius Dei philosophia, observationibus quibusdam il- 
lustrata. 60 pp. 4to. Trajecti ad Rhenum. (Inaugural dis- 
sertation.) Utrecht, 1731 
Discourse on the philosophy of Job and his friends. 
— See also 354. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

278. Reibelt, Johannes Joseph Adam. ( .) De physicis et 

pragmaticis magnetis mysteriis; publice exposita praeside J. 
Handel. 2 parts. 13 plates. 4to. Herbipoli. 

Wursburg, 1731 
Cartesian doctrine refuted, p. 20; difference between electric and magnetic 
attraction, p. 26; author's theory, p. 29; declination and dip, p. 77! 
magnetic communication denied, p. 95; how magnets may be weakened and 
how strengthened, p. loz; mariner's compass. Part ii. See plates. 

379.* Meynier. (Ing^nieur du Roi pour la Marine.) ( .) Me- 

moire sur le sujet du prix propose par TAcademie Royale 
des Sciences en I'annee 1729, touchant la meilleure methode 
d'observer sur mer la declinaison de Taiguille aimant^e, ou la 
variation de la boussole. xxiv-l-96 pp. 4 plates. 4to. Paris, 
Jacques Guerin. Paris, 1732 

G>mpass provided with "sights" for observing the bearing of a star, in order 
to determine magnetic declination. 

980. Bacon, Roger. (1214-1294,) Opus majus, ad Clementem 
Quartum Pontificem Romanum. Ex MS. Codice Dubliniensi 
cum aliis quibusdam collato nunc primum edidit S. Jebb, M.D. 
Londini. 15 1.+477 pp.+2 1. tab. Folio. Londini, typis Gu- 
lielmi Bowyer. London, 1733 

On page 445 of this encyclopaedic work of the great Franciscan monk will 
be found remarkable statements on the importance of observation and 
experiment for the advancement of learning. The work was written about 
1265 and first printed in 1733. Friar Bacon is often called the Apostle 
of Experimental Science. 
— See also 1437. 

aSi. Comrie, Alexander. (1708-1774.) De moralitatis fundamento et 
natura virtutis. 17 pp. 4to. Lugduni Batavorum. (Inaugural 
dissertation.) Leyden, 1734 

Metaphysical dissertation presented for an academical distinction. 

aSa. (Marana, John Paul.) (1642-1693.) Letters writ by a Turkish 
Spy, who liv'd five and forty years undiscover'd at Paris: 
giving an impartial account to the Divan at Constantinople 
of the most remarkable transactions of Europe and discov- 
ering several intrigues and secrets of the Christian courts 
(especially of that of France) from 1637 to 1682. Written 
originally in Arabick, translated into Italian (or rather writ- 
ten in Italian by G. P. Marana) from thence into English (by 
W. Bradshaw?) and now published with a large historical 
preface and index (by Dr. R. Midgley?). The eight volumes 
of letters writ by a Turkish Spy * * * to illustrate the whole 
8 vols. (Vol. i., 22nd edition; vols. 2 to 8, loth edition.) i2mo. 
London, for Straham. London, 1734 

The author of this celebrated work was born in Geneva in 1641. Vol. i., 
the sympathetic telegraph, p. 116; Vol. ii., appreciation of Descartes and his 
philosophy, p. 26. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

aSaa. A continuation of letters written by a Turkish spy, continued 

from 1687-1693. Originally in Arabick, translated into Italian 
and from thence into English, i vol. l2mo. London, for 
W. Taylor. London, 1718 

383. Swedenborg, Emanuel. (168^1772.) Opera philosophica et 
mineralia. 3 vols. (Contents: Vol. i. Principia rerum natu- 
ralium sive novorum tentaminum phaenomena mundi. Vol. 
ii. Regnum subterraneum sive minerale de cupro et orichalco. 
Vol. iii. Regnum subterraneum sive minerale de ferro.) 
pi. portr. Folio. Dresdae et Lipsiae, sumptibus Friderici 
HekeliL. Dresden & Leipzig, 1734 

This is the author's ftmous work on scienee. VoL i. contains 250 pages of 
printed matter with diagrams and illustrations on the causes and mechanism 
of magnetic force; the law of distance; magnetic declination, its causes 
and how its value may be calculated. Among Swedenborg's unpublished 
MSS. is a treatise on the magnet, 26$ pp. text and 34 pp. tables, which 
according to the title page he intended to publish in London in 272a. Swe- 
denborg regarded light and heat as undulation* in the ether of space. 

284. Gellibrand, (Henry) (1597-1636), (Richard) Norwood (1590 (?)- 
167s) and (William) Jones (1675 (?)-i749.) Epitome of Nav- 
igation. First written by Gellibrand, Norwood and Jones, 

and now collected and digested into one compendium of nav- 
igation. 2 l.-f-i6o pp., 3 plates. i2mo. London, for W. Mount. 

London, 1735 

Determination of magnetic declination, and discoTcry of the secular variation 
of that element. Gellibrand was Professor of Mathematics in Gresham 
College, London. The above copy was owned by Thomas Hayward, of 
Liverpool, who added many MSS. notes. 
— See also 109, J51. 

385. Table of logarithms, for numbers increasing in their natural 
order from a unit to 10,000 with a table of artificial sines, 
tangents and secants, the radius 10,000,000. The third edi- 
tion corrected. 74 1. i2mo. London, for W. Mount 

London, 1735 
Interesting on account of date of publication; the first table of common 
logarithms was published by Briggs in 1624. 

286. Bailey, N(athan) (or Nathaniel). ( ? -1742.) Dictionarium 

Britannicum; or, A more compleat universal etymological 
English dictionary than any extant. Second edition, with 
numerous additions. By N. B. assisted by G. Gordon, P. 
Miller, and T. Lediard. ill. Folio. London, for T. Gox. 

London, 1736 
Articles on electricity, gagates, lyncurium, magnet, barometer. 

287. Du Halde, Jean Baptiste. (1674-1743.) Description g^ographique, 

historique, chronologique, politique, et physique de Tempire 
de la Ghine et de la Tartaric chinoise enrichie des cartes g6- 
n^rales et particuliires de ces pays, de la carte g^n6rale et des 

164 



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283. SWBDBNBORG. Portrait of Author. 



165 



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c^.^B. 



'iff 



TA]i:xLix. 




291. SWAMMERDAM. (Reduced.) 
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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

cartes particulieres du Thibet, ct de la Cor6e & orn6e d'un 
grand nombre de figrures & de vignettes gravees en taille- 
douce. Avec un avertissement preliminaire, ou Ton rend 
compte des principales ameliorations, qui ont ete faites dans 
cette nouvelle Edition. 4 vols., plates, and maps. 4to. A la 
Haye, Henri Scheurleer. The Hague, 1736 

Vol. i., p. 270 of this celebrated work of the French Jesuit on the history 
of China, contains an allusion to a chariot provided with a magnet for the 
purpose of determining the cardinal points. The first edition appeared in 
1735. 

287a* (English translation.) The general history of China. Con- 
taining a geographical, historical, chronological, political and 
physical description of the empire of China, Chinese-Tartary, 
Corea and Tibet. Including an exact and particular account 
of their customs, manners, ceremonies, religion, arts and sci- 
ences. Done from the French of Pere du Halde (by Richard 
Brookes). 4 vols. 4 maps and 15 plates, portr. 8vo. London, 
John Watts. London, 1736 

288. Aken, Pieter van. ( .) De coronis et parhelis. 45 pp. 

4to. Trajecti ad Rhenum, A. van Megen. (Inaugural disser- 
tation.) Utrecht, 1736 
Nature of parhelia and other circumsolar phenomena. 

289. Herwerden, Johannes van. (1713-1772.) De motu terrae diurno 

atque annuo. 48 pp. i plate. 4to. Trajecti ad Rhenum. 
A. van Megen. (Inaugural dissertation.) Utrecht, 1736 

Thesis on the diurnal and annual motion of the earth. 

ago. Heyningen, Gerard van. ( .) De" mente humana. 73 

pp. 4to. Trajecti ad Rhenum. (Inaugural dissertation). 

Utrecht, 1736 
Dissertation on the huma^ mind. 

291. Swanunerdam, Jan. (1637-1680.) Biblia naturae; sive historia 
insectorum in classes certas redacta, necnon exemplis et 
anatomico variorum animalculorum examine aeneisque tabulis 
illustrata, insertis numerosis rariorum naturae observationi- 
bus. Accedit praefatio, in qua vitam auctoris descripsit 
Hermannus Boerhave. Latinam versionem adscripsit 
Hieronimus David Gaubius. Dutch and Latin. 2 vols. 52 
plates. Folio, Leydae, apud Isaacum Severinum. 

Leyden, 1737-173^ 

This is the celebrated folio work on entomology of the great Dutch naturalist 
which was published fifty-seven years after his death. On p. 839, experiments 
on frog's legs are described in which the author obtained in 1658 muscular 
contractions by using silver and copper wires. This was more than a 
century before Galvani's experiments of a similar nature. The work is 
printed in parallel columns in Dutch and in Latin. The plates are of great 
interest. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

9g9- Hadkj, John. (1682-1744.) A detcriptioii of a new instrument 
for taking the latitude or other altitudes at sea. 30 pp.+i 1- i 
plate. i2mo. London. Lomdm, 1/38 

Description and use of the aathor*! QumdrmmL Fnnldin in his Amiobiog- 
rapky attributes the invention of the qmadramt to Thomas Godfrey, a math- 
watirian of Philadelphia. 

993. Pointer, John. (1668-1754.) A rational account of the weather. 

shewing the signs of its several changes and alterations, 
together with the philosophical reasons of them, to which 
are added, three essays towards accounting for: i. A continued 
course of wet years, ii. The cause of an aurora borealis. 
iii. The cause of the plague. Second edition, corrected and 
much enlarged. 224 pp. 8vo. London, for A Ward. 

London, 1738 
Meteorology in poetry; signs of thunder and lightning, p. X05; the "Sreather 
glass,** p. 141; the aurora borealis, pp. X71-S04. 

994. Poleni, Giovanni. (1683-1761.) Sopra I'aurora boreale, com- 

parsa il di 16. Dicembre, 1737. 28 pp. 4to. Venezia, P. 
Bassaglia. Venice, 1738 

Description of the aurora borealis as seen in Padua and Bologna, Dec 16, 
X737* with renurhs on the nature of the phenomenon. 

295. Squario, Eusebio. (also Sguario.) ( .) Dissertazione 

sopra le aurore boreali. 120 pp. 2 plates. 4to. Venezia, P. 
Bassaglia. Venice, 1738 

Mathematical and physical dissertation on the aurora borealis. The author 
is said to have been the earliest writer on eketridty in Italy. 
— See also 336. 

agfi. Goens, Daniel van. ( .) An luna habitabilis sit 23 pp. 

4to. Trajecti ad Rhenum. A. van Megen. (Inaugural disser- 
tation.) Utrecht, 1738 
Dissertation on the habitability of the moon. 

297. Helaham, Richard. (1680- 1738.) Course of lectures in natural 

philosophy, published by Bryan Robinson, viii+404 PP-+ 
2 1. II plates. 8vo. . London, printed for John Nourse. 

London, 1739 
First edition of a frequently reprinted work. 

298. Keill» John. (1671-1721.) Introductiones ad veram physicam et 

veram astronomiam quibus accedunt trigonometria, de viribus 
centralibus, de legibus attractionis editio novissima. 2 l.-h 
636 pp. +5 1* 4S plates. 4to. Lugduni Batavorum, apud Joh. 
et Hcrm. Verbcck. Leyden, 1739 

Uagnetic qualities of a steel bar destroyed by fire and also by a serere 
blow, p. 85; electric attraction due to effluria, p. 635. Defense of Newton 
against Leibnitz; Keill was an able mathematidan. 

299. MannevUlette, (Jean Baptiste Nicolas Denis D'Aprcs de), 

(also Apris de Mannevillette). (1707-1780.) Le nouveau 
quartier anglois, ou description et usage d'un nouvel instru- 

168 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

ment pour observer la latitude sur mer. i l.-|-43 PP-+I 1- ^ 
plates. 12010. Paris. Paris, 1739 

The "quartier" described here ia Hadley's Quadrant; the author was a dis- 
tinguished hydrographer. 

300. Musschenbroek, Pieter van. (1692-1761.) Essai de physique 
avec une description de nouvelles sortes de machines pneu- 
matiques, et un Recueil d'experiences par Mr. J(an) V(an) 
M(usschenbroek), traduit du Hollandois par Pierre Massuet. 
2 vols. 914 pp.+iS I.+8+63 pp. 33 plates. 4to. Leyden, 
Luchtmans. Leyden, 1739 

Electric bodies, p. 954; law of magnetic attraction, p. vjt, air-pump with 
experiments. 

301. Description de nouvelles sortes de machines pneumatiques, 

tant doubles, que simples, avec un recueil de plusieurs ex- 
periences par J(ean V(an) M(usschenbroek) que Ton peut 
faire avec ces machines. 63 pp. pi. 4to. Leyden, S. 
Luchtmans. Leyden, 1739 

30a.— — Liste de di verses machines, de physique, de math^matique, 
et de chirurgie, qui se trouvent chez Jean van Musschen- 
broek i Leyden. 8 pp. 4to. Leyden, S. Luchtmans. 

Leyden, 1739 
List of physical and surgical apparatus. 
— See also 357. 

303. Mortenson, Johannes. ( .) Dissertatio physica de elec- 

tricitate. Praeses Samuel Klingenstierna. 2 I.+22 pp.-t-2 1.+ 

pp. 24-56+1 1. Sm. 4to. Upsaliae. Upsala, 1740-1742 

Short treatise on electricity: the electric spark, p. 46. Stated to be the 

first separately printed treatise on electricity. 

304. Ozanam, (Jacques). (1640-1717.) Recreations mathematiques et 

physiques, qui contiennent plusieurs problemes d'arithmetique, 
de geometric, de musique, d'optique, de gnomonique, de 
cosmographie, de mecanique, de pyrotechnic, et de physique, 
avec un traite des horologes elementaires. Nouvelle edition, 
augment^e. 4 vols. 134 plates. i2mo. Paris, Charl.es-An- 
toine Jombert. Paris, 1741 

The first edition of this celebrated work on recreative philosophy was 
published in 1696. VoL iii. contains a chapter on the magnet, p. 234. 
Artificial frog floating in a basin of water and indicating the hours, p. 236; 
white, red and blue lodestones, p. 243; the theamedes or repelling stone, p. 
244; iron filings in glass tube, p. 245; declination and dip, p. 245; table of 
magnetic declination at Paris, p. 255; numerous plates. 

304a. Another edition. Vol. iii. 10 plates. 8vo. Paris, Jacques 

Rollin. Paris, 1750 

304b. (English translation). Recreations in mathematics and 

natural philosophy. First composed by M. Ozanam; lately 
recomposed and greatly enlarged in a new edition by M. 

1-12 169 



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A 

DISSERTATION 

CONCERNING 

ELECTRICirr. 



Byy. r.DESAGULIERS, LL.D. F.R.S. 

Chaplain to His Royal Highness 
the Prince d WALES. 



To which b AfincxMi 

A Letter from Prefident BARBO T 
perpetual Secretary of the Academy of 
Bordeaux y to acquaint him that his Di flir- 
tation had won the Pri^ propofed by that 
Academy to be given to the Perfon who 
fliould write bed upon that SubjeA. 



LONDON: 

Printed for W. Inn vs. and T.Longma n. 
MTDCC. XLIl. 

306. DBSAGUUBRS, (Reduced.) 
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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

Montucla and now translated into English by Charles Hutton. 
Vol. iv. 8vo. London, 1803 

Montuda is the celebrated French historian of mathematics. 

304c- Recreations in science and natural philosophy: Dr. Hutton's 

translation of Montucla's edition of Ozanam. The present 
edition is revised by Edward Riddle^ who has corrected it 
to the present era, and made numerous additions, jdy+^26 
pp. 8vo. London, 1840 

305. (Belgrade, Giacomo). (i 704-1 789.) Hydrostaticae disciplinae 

propositiones a Joanne Calvio. 4+32 pp. 4to. Parmae, J. 
RosatL Parma, 1742 

Historical and critical tract on the principles of hydrostatics. 
— See also 376. 

306. Desaguliers, Jean Theophile. (1683-1744.) A dissertation con- 

cerning electricity; to which is annex'd a letter from President 
Barbot. 3 I.+48 pp.+i L i2mo. London, for W. Innys and 
T. Longman. London, 1742 

Friction imparts vibratory motion and causes emission of e£fluvia, p. a; 
Du Fay shows how to recognize the two electrical states called by him the 
vitreous and resinous, p. 33; Haulcsbee's electric glow, p. 40. Desaguliers 
was an eminent physicist and Fellow of the Royal Society; the earliest 
English work entirely on electricity, if the tract by Boyle (See Na. 178) is 
excepted. 
— See also 949. 

307. Dodson, James. ( ? -1757.) The anti-logarithmic canon, being 

a table of numbers, consisting of eleven places of figures, 
corresponding to all logarithms under 100,000; to which is 
prefix'd an introduction, containing a short account of 
logarithms, x-l-84 pp.-ftables-fs 1. Folio. London, for James 
Dodson. London, 1742 

The introduction contains historical notes on the subject. This is one of 
the earliest tables of anti-logarithms or numbers corresponding to logarithms. 

308. Acad6mie des Sciences, Paris. Philosophical history and 

memoirs of the Royal Academy of Sciences; or, An 
abridgement of all the papers relating to natural 
philosophy which have been publish'd by the members of that 
society; from the year 1699-1720; the whole translated and 
abridged by John Martyn and Ephraim Chambers. Vols, i-iv 
(complete in S vols). 35 plates. 8vo. London, for John and 
Paul Knapton. London, 1742 

Vol. i., amber, p. 186; Galvani's experiment anticipated, p. 187; magnetic 
declination, p. 907; Vol. iii., luminous barometer, p. as. The Library 
contains a set, unabridged, of the Histaire and Mhnoires, of the Academic 
des Sciences, 1666-1778, 166 vols. (See Section X.) 

309. Hausen, Christian August. (1693-1743.) Novi profectus in 

historia electricitatis post obitum auctoris, ex MSS. ejus 
editi. Praemissa est commentatiuncula de vita et scriptis 
viri (by J. C. G. P. P., with a dedicatory epistle by F. J. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

Hausen). 3 l.+xii-|-49 PP*+^ 1* I plate, 4to. Lipsiae, apud 
Theodorum Schwan. Leipsig, 1T43 

The electric field it taid to be due to Tortices of electric matter, p. 5. Three 
Idndi of electric light recognized: the spark, pp. 8» 9, 44; the brush, pp. 15, 
45; the glow, pp. 17, 45 ; the three kinds defined, p. 7; the ether of Newton 
is identical with electrical natter, p. 46 

309a. Another edition. Accessit V. C. Henrici de Sandcn, Disser- 

tatio de succino, electricorum principe, quam edidit et de 
vita B. Hausenii praefatus est Joh. Christoph Gottsched. 8 1.+ 
128 pp. I plate. i2mo. Lipsiae, T. Schwan. Leipzig, 1746 

Some experiments which are considered by the author as fundamental and 
explained by him on the theory of electrical vortices. 

310. Bose, Georg Mathias. (1710-1761.) Tentamina electrica in 

Academiis regiis Londiniensi et Parisiana primum habita, 
omni studio repetita et novis aliquot accessionibus locuple- 
tavit. Tentamina Electrica, tandem aliquando hydraulicae 
chymicae et vegetabilibus utilia. Pars posterior, vi+96 pp.+ 
4l.+xlviii pp. 4to. Wittembergae, Jo. Joach. Ahlfeld. 

Wittenberg, I744-I747 
Appreciation of the work of Gilbert, Newton, Hauksbee, Du Fay and others: 
the electrical siphon, effect of electricity on plants, no change in weight 
due to electrification. Bose (Boze) is said to have added the prime' 
conductor to the electrical machine as Winkler is said to have substituted a 
Hxed rubber for the hand of the operator. 

311. Doppelmajrr, Johann Gabriel. (1671-1750.) Neuentdecktc 

Phaenomena bey der fast alien Coerpern zukommenden 
electrischen Kraft und des dabei erscheinenden Liecht. 6+ 
88 pp. S plates. 4to. Nuernberg, W. M. Endterisph und Engel- 
brecht. Nuremberg, 1744 

Electrical experiments taken from Hauksbee, Gray and Du Fay with numerous 

references to original papers. 

— See also 272. 

3za. Musschenbroek, Pieter van. (1692-1761) Elements of natural 
philosophy. Translated from the Latin by John Colsou. 
2 vols. 26 plates. 8vo. London, for Nourse. London, 1744 

Effect of weather on electrified bodies, p. 188; electrified bodies in vacuo, 
p. 189; electrical screening, p. 189; field due to excited string, p. 190; 
attraction mutual, p. 191; experiments on child suspended by silken cords, 
P* 153; vitreous and resinous electricity, p. 195; electric effluvia move in 
vortices, p. 196; the magnet, p. aos; law of distance, p. 205; field mapped 
out by filings, p. a 10. 

3xaa. (Latin edition.) Institutiones physicae conscriptae in usus 

academicos. 5 1.+743 pp. i map, 28 plates. 8vo. Lugduni 
Batavorum, apud Samuelem Luchtmans. Leyden, 1748 

3i2b.»-— Elementa physicae. Editio altera Neapolitana. Vol. i. 11. 
plates. i2mo. Neapoli typis Benedicti. Naples, 17 51 

Electric bodies, p. 305; the Leyden experimmt, p. 307; the magnet, p. 323. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

3xac. Introductio ad philosophiam naturalem. Editio prima 

Italica. 2 vols. 56 plates. 4to. Patavii, apud Joannem Manfre. 

Patavia, 1768 

Vol. i. conUins a chapter on electricity, and another on the magnet 
Electrification of tourmaline, p. ago; animal electricity (the torpedo), p. 
294; electricity and magnetiam compared, p. 345; magnetic declination, p. 360. 
— See also 2S7' 

313. Winkler, Johann Heinrich. (also Winckler.) (1703-1770.) 
Gedanken von den Eigenschaften^ Wirkungen und Ursachen 
dcr Electricitaet, nebst eincr Beschreibung zwo neuer elck- 
trischen Maschinen. 16+168 pp. 3 plates. i2mo. Leipzig, 
Bernhard Christoph Breitkopf. Leipzig, 1744 

Properties, effects and causes of electricity; two new frictional machines, 
pp. 10, 18; size of leathfr cushion^ p. ai; velocity of electric transmission, 
p. 70; effect of magnet on electric sparks, p. 63. 

313a. (Dutch translation.) Nieuwe naturkundige ontdekingen 

aangaande de eigenschappen, werkingen, en oorzaaken der 
elcctriciteyt, benevens eene beschryvinge van twee nieuwe 
electrische werktuigen: ut het Hoogduitsch vertaald. 8 1.+ 
119 pp. 4 plates. 8vo. Amsterdam, Hendrik Vieroot. 

Amsterdam, 1745 
Two new electric machines, p. 5; rubber substituted for hand, p. 10; Telocity 
of electric propagation, p. 48; lines of force, p. 54; charged body surrounded 
by an electric atmosphere, p. 71. 

313b. Another edition. 2 parts. 10 plates. 8vo. Amsterdam, H. W. 

van Welbergen. Amsterdam, 1751 

The first part treats of the properties and causes of electric phenomena; 
the second, investigates the qualities of electric matter and electric fire. 

313c. (French translation). Essai sur la nature, les effets, et 

les causes de Telectricite, avec une description de deux 
nouvelles machines a electricite. Traduit de TAllemand. 6 
I.+156 pp. 2 plates. i2mo. Paris, Sebastian Jorry. 

Paris, 1748 

314. Grundriss zu einer ausfuehrlichen Abhandlung von der Elec- 

tricitaet. 16 pp. i2mo. Leipzig, Bernhard Christoph Breit- 
kopf. Leipsig, 1744 
Outline of a treatise on electricity. 
— See also 323, 335. 

3i5t. Baddam, (Benjamin). ( .) Memoirs of the Royal 

Society; or, a New abridgment of the Philosophical Transac- 
tions, 1665-1740, carefully extracted from the originals, ac- 
cording to the order of time; the Latin tracts are Englished. 
Second edition. Vols. 1-5, 8, 9. (Complete in 10 vols.) 8vo. 
London, Nourse. London, 1745 

The preface contains a short, general account of the Philosophical Trans* 
actions. Vols. 3 & 4 belong to the first edition, 1739. The Library contains 
a complete set of the Philosophical Transactions unabridged, 1665 to date, the 
gift of Mr. Edward P. Adams. (See Section X.) 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

3x6. Du Fay, Charles Francois de Cisternay. (also Cisternay 
Dufay.) (1698-1739.) Versuche und Abhandlungen von der 
Electricitaet, derer Coerper. Aus dem Franzoesischen ins 
Teutsche ucbersctzt. 7 l.+xxiv+3ii pp.+8 I i2mo. Erfurth, 
Johann Fricdrich Webcrn. Erfurt, 1745 

Translation of papers by Du Fay on electricity communicated to the 
Academic des Sciences, in 1733-17341 preceded by a sketch of the author's 
life. The author describes experiments which led him to his theory of 
vitreous and resinous electrifications. 

3x7. Gordon^ Andreas. (1712-1751.) Versuch einer Erklaerung der 
Electricitaet. S pp. +3 1.+88 pp. 2 plates. i2mo. Erfurt, 
Johann Heinr. Nonne. Erfurt, 1745 

Gordon's electrical machine, p. 6; invents the familiar device known as the 
electric chimes, p. 38; makes an electric reaction^motor, p. 45; speculates 
on the causes of electrical phenomena, p. 64. The author, a Scotchman, 
was a Benedictine monk. Professor of Natural Philosophy in the University 
of Erfurt. Gordon's chimes date from 1745; Franklin's, 1752. 

317a, Second edition. Mit neuen Versuchen und Instrumenten 

vermehret. Nebst einer neuen Vorrede von dem Nutzen der 
Electricitaet. 112 pp. i plate. 8vo. Erfurt, Joh. Heinr. Nonne. 

Erfurt, 1746 
Glass globe replaced by glass cylinder, plate i.; electric chimes, p. 47; an 
electric motor, p. 57; eacperiments on the velocity of electric transmission, 
p. 7a. 
— See also 368. 

318. Krueger, Johann Gottlob. (1715-1759.) Zuschrifft an seine Zu- 

hoerer worinnen er ihnen seine Gedancken von der Elec- 
tricitaet mittheilet und ihnen zugleich seine kuenftige Lec- 
tionen bekant macht 56 pp.+i 1. 2 plates. i2mo. Halle, 
Carl Herrmann Hemmerde. Halle, 1745 

Heat insufficient for electrification, friction required, p. 16; theory of 
electrical atmospheres refuted, p. 17; electric odor, p. 35; effect of electricity 
on the body, p. 43; electricity in medicine, p. 46. 

319. Nollet, Jean Antoine. (1700-1770.) Legons de physique ex- 

p^rimentale. 2 erne Edition. 6 vols. pi. i2mo. Paris, Guerin. 

Paris, 1745-1748 
Extensive treatise on physics. First edition, i743« Vol. iv., uncertainty 
about the identity of lightning and artificial electricity, p. 314; nature of 
electricity, vol. vi, p. 407. Abb6 NoUet was pronouncedly anti-Franldinian 
in his views. 

3i9-{-a. (English Translation.) Lectures on experimental philos- 
ophy. Translated from the French by John Colson. xlviii+ 
278 pp. 18 plates. 8vo. London, S. Austin. 

London, 1748 
—See also 329, 34^. 355, 379, 43©. 

320. PselluB, (Michael Constantine). (iQ20-iiia) De lapidum 

virtutibus, Graece ac Latine cum notis Phil. Jac. Maussaci et 
Joan. Steph. Bernard. Accedit fragmentum de colore sangui- 

175 



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^X&^» J»^ rfj. 



319. NOLLET. iSee No. 4377.) 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

nis ex doctrina medica Persarum nunc primum ex codice MS. 

Bibliothecae Lugduno-Batavae editum. Graece et Latine. 
6 I.+164 PP.+3 1- i2mo. Lugduni Batavorum, apud Philippum 

Bonk. Leyden, 174$ 

The author wu born in Constantinople in xoao and was considered one of 
the best scholars of his time. The Latin translation which accompanies the 
Greek text is by Philippe Jacques de Maussac (1590). Lyncurium, p. 23; 
electrum, p. 15; attracting and rgpelling magnets, p. ss- 

3ax. Vorstcr, Antoine. (1706-1793.) Tractatus de motionibus mag- 
neticis ex operibus Francisci Tertii de Lanis, S. J. 3 l.-)-86 pp 
+3 1. 8vo. Graecii, typis Haeredum Widmanstadii. 

Grats, 174s 
Magnetic spirits (steams) flow through the pores of a magnet from pole to 
pole; secular variation is due to change in the position of the earth's 
magnetic pole. This is part ii. of the "Tractatus;" the first part containing 
106 pages appeared in 1744* 
— See also i66. 

3aa. Waitz» J(acob) (Sigismund). (1698-1 777.) Abhandlung von der 
Electricitaet und deren Ursachen. (Zweite Abhandlung 
von der Natur der Electricitaet. Dritte Abhandlung 
von den Eigenschaften, Wirkungen and Ursachen der 
Electricitaet.) 237 pp. 4 plates. Sm. 4to. Berlin, A. Haude. 

Berlin, 1745 
Three short treatises on the nature and effects of electricity. 

33aa. (Dutch translation). Over Electriciteyt en derzelver 

Oorzaaken. 140 pp. 4 plates. 8vo. Amsterdam, Hendrik 
Vieroot. Amsterdam, .1751 

333. Winkler, Johann Heinrich. (also Winckler.) (1703-1770.) Die 
Eigenschaften der electrischen Materie und des electrischen 
Feuers, aus verschiedenen neuen Versuchen erklaeret und 
nebst etlichen neuen Mdschinen zum electrisieren beschrieben. 
14 I.+164 pp. i2mo. Leipzig, Bernhard Christoph Breitkopf. 

Leipgig, 174S 
Chap. i. treats of the mutual effect of two electrified bodies; chap, ii., of what 
occurs when a neutral body is brought near one that is electrified; electrical 
nature of thunderstorm; reference to von KMst's discovery of the Leyden 
Jar, p. 43. 

3338. (Dutch translation). Dc eigenschappen der elektrische 

stoffen. 8 l.-fno pp. 4 plates. 8vo. Amsterdam, Hendrik 
Vieroot. Amsterdam, 1746 

— See also 313. 

324. Istituto delle Scienze ed Arti Liberal!, Bologna. De Bono- 
niensi scientiarum et artium institutio atque Academia com- 
mentarii. (Edited by F. M. Zanotti). Years 1745-1748. 2 vols, 
in 4. 4to. Bononiae. Bologna^ 1745-1748 

Description of polar aurorae, vol. i., p. S94; also vol. ii., part !., p. 474: 
Vol. ii., part 3, contains a lengthy paper on the invention of the mariner's 
compass. 

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335. Freke, John. (1662-1744.) An essay to shew the cause of elec- 

tricity, and why some things arc non-electricablc; in a letter 
to M. William Watson. Second edition. With appendix viii+ 
64 pp. i2mo. London, for W. Innys. London, 1746 

Electric matter conaidered to be the same nature as fire; identity of 
lightning and electricity recognized, p. ap. (See No. 328.) 
— See also 371. 

336. Kratzenstein, Christian Gottlieb. (1723-1795.) Theoria elec- 

tricitatis more geometrico explicata. 62 pp. i plate. 4to. 
Halae, Magdeb, Hemmerde. Halle, 1746 

Series of demonstrations and corollaries in electrosutics. 
— See also 436. 

337. Martin, Benj(amin). (1704-1782.) An essay on electricity, being 

an enquiry into the nature, cause and properties thereof, 
on the principles of Sir Isaac Newton's theory of vibrating 
motion, light and fire; and the various phenomena of forty- 
two capital experiments, with some observations relative to 
the uses that may be made of this wonderful power of na- 
ture. 40 pp. i2mo. Bath, for the author. Bath, 1746 

Electricity is regarded as a kind of subtile matter, the various phenomena 
being inroduced by its vibrations; analogy between lightning and electricity, 
p. 19. 

338. ^A supplement (to An essay on Electricity) containing re- 
marks on a rhapsody of adventures of a modern knight- 
errant (i.e. John Freke) in philosophy. 38 pp. i2mo. Bath, 
for the author. Bath, 1746 

Attack on Freke's essay on "The Cause of Electricity." (See No. 325.) 
— See also 34a, 398, 4x1, 608. 

329. Nollety Jean Antoine. (1700-1770.) Essai sur T^lectricite des 

corps. XX PP.+2 I.+227 pp. 5 plates. i2mo. Paris, Guerin. 

Paris, 1746 
Abb6 NoUet, friend of Du Fay and Reaumur, was Professor of ExperimAtal 
Philosophy in the College de Navarre. Electric matter is either affluent 
or effluent, pp. 107, 136, 160; Du Fay's distinction of vitreous and resinous 
electricity discarded, p. xx8; 1356 feet of hempen cord electrified by excited 
glass tube, p. xxi; electric brashes, pp. X36, x6o; van Musschenbroek's 
Leyden phial experiment, p. 133. 

3293. ^Third edition. xxiii-h273 pp.+i 1. 5 plates. i2mo. Paris, 

H. L. Guerin & L. F. Delatour. Paris, 1754 

— See also 3x9. 

330. Soedgren, Olaus. ( .) De recentioribus quibusdam in 

electricitate detectis. 16 pp. 4to. Upsaliae. (Inaugural dis- 
sertation.) Upsala, 1746 
An academical dissertation on some electrical discoveries that attracted much 
attention at the time. 

331. Theophrastus, (Eresius.) (373-288 B. C.) History of stones, 

with an English version and critical and philosophical notes 
by John Hill; to which are added two letters, one to Dr. 

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[*9] 

Lightning from hence may in fome 
meafure be accounted for ; though I 
cannot lb exadly tell what collects it 
together, as I can in this factitious 
Lightning here treated of, yet I can 
fuppofe, that the Caufe of Lightning 
is produc'd from a great Quantity of 
thk Fire before fpoken of; which be- 
ing driven together, and included in 
a limited State, or Covering of fbme 
Kind, when difcharged from this Co-* 
vering, it goes off in an Expbfron, 
which is Thunder. The Lightning 1 
need not defcribe, beii^ intirely the 
fame with Electricity ; for it. will kill 
without a Wound, and pafs through 
every thing, as this feems to do. 

I am to (hew, frrft, (he Caufe of 
its kindling a Flame in certain com- 
pounded Liquors j which, if what 1 
have iuppofed be true, that it is by 
the means fpoken of that this Fire is 

collected 

32S. FRBKB. 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

James Parsons, On the colours of the sapphire and turquoise, 
and the other to Martin Folkes, Upon the effects of different 
menstruums on copper. With a Greek and English index. 
xxiii+2ii pp. 8vo. London, for G. Davis. London, i;r46 

The Greek text if accompanied by a literal tranaUtion. Lengthy notea on 

the lyncurian atone, p. 73; amber, p. 79; the magnet-gem, p. los* 

Theophrastus waa the favorite pupil of Aristotle. 

— See also 120a, 125. 

33a. Turner, R(obert). ( .) Electricology; or A discourse 

upon electricity, being an enquiry into the nature, causes, 
properties, and effects thereof, upon the principles of the 
aether. 42 pp. 8vo. Worcester, for the author. Worcester, 1746 
Experiments made at a distance of "one hundred feet from the machine*' 
and explained by the elasticity and transparency of the ether. The 
sensitive plant, p. 25; the torpedo, p. 26; lightning and electricity identical, 
p. 34; shock localized for curative purposea, p. 39. 

333. Watson, (Sir) William. (1715-1789.) Experiments and observa- 

tions tending to illustrate the nature and properties of elec- 
tricity in one letter to Martin Folkes and two to the Royal 
Society. With continuation and preface. Third edition. 
viii-t-59 pp. I plate. 8vo. London, for C. Davis. London, 1746 
Numerous original experiments. Spirits of wine ignited by electricity, 
p. 20; gunpowder fired, p. 40; electric wind, crackling noise, p. 46; a vacuum 
has no influence on electrical attractions and repulaions, p. 46; rectilinear 
propagation of electricity, p. 50. (See Nos. 2308, 3495-) 

333a. Third edition. 32 pp. 8vo. Dublin, George Alex. Ewing. 

Dublin, 1746 

333b. Sequel to the experiments and observations tending to 

illustrate the nature and properties of electricity, wherein it 
is presumed by a series of experiments expressly for the pur- 
pose, that the source of the electrical power and its manner 
of acting are demonstrated. Addressed to the Royal Society. 
1 1.+80 pp. I plate. 8vo. London, for C. Davis. 

London, 1746 
Iron filings and mercury used for inner coating of Leyden jar, p. 13; 
electric (Leyden) circuit, p. 26; small bells rung by electricity, p. 56; 
electric ether more subtile than air, p. 50. (See No. 351.) 
— See also 3sa, 410. 

334. Wilson, Benjamin. (1708-1788.) Essay towards an explication 

of the phaenomena of electricity deduced from the aether 
of Sir Isaac Newton, contained in three papers, which were 
read before the Royal Society, xv+95 pp. 8vo. London, for 
C. Davis. London, 1746 

The chief agent in electrical phenomena is the ether which is the same as 
electrical matter. This exists in all bodies and is more subtile than air, p. a; 
Leyden jar with coatings of water, p. 25; any particular part of the body 
may receive a shock, p. 25; sheet lead used for outer coating, p. 81. 
—See also 36a* 397. 44^, 478. ^474. 

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[40] 

very fine, it (as you pleafe to make 
the Experiment) is either attraded, or 
jepelFd ; fo that in the firft Cafe, the 
End of your Finger when eledrifyed, 
fliall be cover*d over with the Powder, 
though held at fome Diftance ; and in 
the other, if you eleftrify the Powder, 
it will fly off at the Approach of any 
non-elc^iified Subftance, and fome- 
times even without it. But 1 can at 
Plealure fire Gunpowder, and even dif- 
charge a Musket, by the Power of 
Eledricity, when the Gunpowder has 
been ground with a little Camphor, or 
with a few Drops of fome inflamma- 
ble chemical Oil. This Oil fomewhat 
moiftens the Powder, and prevents its 
flying away ; the Gunpowder then be- 
ing warm*d in a Spoon, the eledrical 
Flaflies fire the inflammable Vapour, 
which fires the Gunpowder : But the 
Time between the Vapour firing the 
Powder is fo fliort, that frequently 
they appear as the fame, and not fuc- 

ceflive 



333. WATSON. 



l8l 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

335. Winkler, Johann Heinrich. (also Wincklcr.) (1703-1770.) Die 
Staerke der electrischen Kraft, des Wassers in glaesernen 
Gefaessen, welche durch den Musschenbroekischen Versuch 
bekannt geworden, erklaert von H. Winkler. 10 I.+164 pp. 
9 plates. i2mo. Leipzig, Bernhard Christoph Breitkopf. 

LeipMig, 1746 
The Leyden jar with eacperiments and theory; the identity of lightning and 
macliine electricity diicutsed, p. 137. 
— See alio 313. 

336.* (Squario, Eusebio.) DeU'elettricismo o sia delle forze elettriche 
de'corpi svelate dalla fisica sperimentale con un' am- 
pia dichiarazione della luce elettrica. Aggiuntevi due dis- 
sertazioni attinenti all' uso medico di. tali forze. xvi4*39i PP* 
I plate. 8vo. Venezia, presso Gio. Battista Recurti. 

Venice, 1746 

Different ways of electrifying bodies, pp. 119, xa3, 129; Amber rubbed in 
vacuo, p. 158; vitreous and resinous electricity, p. x86; three kinds of 
electric "light" (discharges), pp. 230, 275, 3x2. Description of a frictional 
machine, p. 3as. 
— See also 295. 

337. Cooper, M. Philosophical enquiry into the properties of elec- 

tricity, in which is contain'd a confutation of the solutions 
which have been hitherto given of it, and the most probable 
reason of the late surprising experiments, in a letter to a 
friend. 32 pp. i2mo. London, for M. Cooper. London, 1746 
The inquiry assumes that electrical attraction is caused by a material 
emanation from the attracting body and that repulsion is caused by the 
tendency of electrical effluvia to recede further and further. 

338. Carli, Gian Rinaldo. (1720-1785.) Dissertazione intorno alia 

declinazione, o variazione della calamita, e bussola nautica, 
dal polo, xxxii pp. i plate. Sm. 4to. Venezia, per Benedetto 
Milocco. Venice, 1747 

History of magnetic declination, p. xi.; variation of the declination, p, xii.; 
marine compass made by the author, p. xxviii. 

339. Faure, Giovanni Battista. ( .) Congetture fisiche in- 

torno alle cagioni de'fenomeni osservati in Roma nella 
macchina elettrica. 6 I.+140 pp.+i 1. Sm. 4to. Roma, presso 
il Bernabo. Rome, 1747 

Electric effluvia said to be of glutinous nature, p. 44; physiological effect 
of the Leyden jar discharge, p. 64; electric and magnetic attractions do not 
follow the law of the inverse square of the distance, p. 80; law of gravita- 
tion disproved, p. 95. 

34a L — ^tt — ^n, E — m — d. (i.e. Litton, Edmund.) ( .) Phil- 
osophical conjectures on aereal influences, the probable ori- 
gin of diseases with an unusual cure in the scurvy, address'd 
to Dr. Shaw by E — m — d L — tt — n. 57 pp. i2mo. London, 
for T. Trye. London, 1747 
Electricity is mentioned in connection with the ether and with the cause 
of gravitation, p. 28. 

182 



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CATALOGUE OP WHEELER GIFT 

34X. Louis, (Antoine). (1723-1792.) Observations sur Telectricit^, 
ou I'on tache d'expliquer son mecanisme et ses effets sur 
I'oeconomie animate avec des remarques sur son usage, xxiv 
+175 PP- i2mo. Paris, chez Delaguette. Paris, 1747 

Short exposition of the effects of electricity in general and on the human 
organism in particular. The author holds with Abb6 NoUet that an 
electric charge is not limited to the surface of a conductor, p. 31; Cunaeus 
is considered to be the discoverer of the Leyden jar, p. 46. 

34a. Martin, B(enjamin). (1704-1782.) Philosophia Britannica; or, 
A new and comprehensive system of the Newtonian philo- 
sophy, astronomy and geography in a course of twelve lec- 
tures, with notes, containing the physical, mechanical, ge- 
ometrical, and experimental proofs and illustrations of all 
principal propositions in every branch of Natural Science. 
2 vols. 73 plates. 8vo. Reading, C Micklewright & Co. 

Reading, 1747 
"As Britain is the birth-place of Philosophy, so English is its Tcrnacular 
tongue." Chapters on electricity, magnetism, gravitation, circular motion 
and pendulums. 

342a. Supplement to the Philosophia Britannica, Appendix i & 

ii. 2 vols. Appendix i. containing new experiments in elec- 
tricity, and the method of making artificial magnets. 3 plates. 
Appendix II containing: i. A description of a new universal 
compound microscope, ii. The description of a new solar 
microscope, iii. The description of a new glass micrometer, 
iv. New improvements in telescopes and microscopes by a 
composition of glasses, v. The description of a new reflecting 
telescope, vi. Of visual glasses, or the improvement of com- 
mon spectacles, vii. Description of a equatorial telescope. 
S plates. 32+80 pp. 8vo. London, I7S9 

The aurora borealis an electrical phenomena, p. 15; Canton's method of 
making magnets, p. 27, 
— See also 337. 

343. Neale, John. ( .) Directions for gentlemen who have 

electrical machines, how to proceed in making their experi- 
ments. 77 pp. 2 plates. 8vo. London, for the author. 

London, 1747 

On p. 37 van Musschenbroek is said to have discovered the Leyden jar 
"more by accident than by design;" Dr. Bevis uses siMti lead for the 
coating of Leyden jars and finds their efficiency to be proportional to the 
surface covered, pp. 45, 47. Canton discharges Leyden jars by alternate 
contact, p. 49; filings used for inner coat, p. 69. 

344* The Guardian. (By Sir R. Steele, Joseph Addison and others.) 
2 vols. 8vo. London, 1747 

Strada's poem on sympathetic compasses, vol. it, p. 213. (See No. 90.) 

345* Collina, Abbondio. (1691-1753.) Considerazioni istoriche sopra 
Torigine della bussola nautica nell' Europa e neir Asia, xvi 

183 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

+HS pp. Sm. 4to. Faenza, presso I'Archi, impress. Vcsco- 
vile. Faema, 1748 

Brief history of electrical discovery, p. 25; the compass among the Chinese, 

Arabs and Portuguese, p. xoa. 

346. Ellicott, John. (i7o6?-i772.) Several essays towards discovering 

the laws of electricity, communicated to the Royal Society 
and read on the 25th February, 1747, and at two meetings 
soon after; to which is prefix'd part of a letter from the 
Abbe Nollet to M(artin) Folkes. 38 pp. 4to. London. 

London, 174B 
The author explains electric phenomena by effluvia which attract all other 
bodies but which are mutually repellent, p. xo. This tract contains a 
translation of Abb6 Nollet's paper on fine streams of electrified water, also 
some remarks on the influence of electricity on vegetation. 

347. Forbin, (Claude) de. (1656-1733.) Memoires du Comte de 

Forbin. (Edited by S. Reboulet and Le Comte). 2 vols. i2mo. 
Amsterdam, Francois Girardi. Amsterdam^ 1748 

St Elmo's fires, vol. i., p. 368. In voL ii., the pages treating of flaming 
meteors are missing. 

348. Hinton, John. ( .) Universal magazine of knowledge 

and pleasure for 1747. ill. 8vo. London, Hinton. London, 1748 
"Boussole" or "Bossala" derived from "box," p. xi8; remarks on Abbi 
Nollet*s experiments, pp. 119, 265. 

349t. Jallabcrt, L(ouis). (1712-1768.) Experiences sur Telectricite, 
avec quelques conjectures sur la cause de ses effets. xii4-304 
pp. 3 plates. 8vo. Geneve, Barrillo. Geneva, 1748 

This comprehensive work embraces the knowledge of the time on electric 
phenomena and theory; it has been frequently quoted. The author considers 
electricity to be a subtile, elastic fluid. 

349a. Another edition. 8 I.+379 pp. 3 plates. i2mo. Paris, Du- 

rand. Paris, 1749 

350. Knight, G(owin). (1713-1772.) An attempt to demonstrate, 

that all the phenomena in nature may be explained by two 
simple active principles, attraction and repulsion, wherein the 
attractions of Cohesion, Gravity and Magnetism are shown 
to be one and the same: and the phenomena of the latter are 
more particularly explained. 1 1.-|-95 pp. 4to. London. 

London, 1748 
The attraction of cohesion, of gravitation and of magnetism are all one and 
the same. The author was subsequently Principal Librarian of the British 
Museum. 
— See also 394. 

351. Rackstrow, B. ( .) Miscellaneous observations, to- 

gether with a collection of experiments on electricity. With 
the manner of performing them, designed to explain the 
nature and cause of the most remarkable Phaenomena there- 
of. With some remarks on a pamphlet, entitled: A sequel to 

184 



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' "tf ^ CATALOGUE OF WHBBLER GIFT 

the experiments and observations tending to illustrate the 
nature and properties of electricity (by Sir William Watson), 
to which is annexed a letter written by the author to the 
Academy of Sciences at Bordeaux, relative to the similarity 
of electricity to lightning and thunder, iv+72 pp. 8vo. 
London, for the author. London, 1748 

The author holdi that electricity and the ether of space are one; euriotis liat 
of non-electrics, p. 24; list of experiments made by the author, p. a8; 
lightning due to electricity, pp. 65, 72. (See No. 333b.) 

3531. Watson, (Sir) William. (1715-1787.) An account of the experi- 
ments made by some gentlemen of the Royal Society in order 
to discover whether the electrical power would be sensible at 
great distances, with an inquiry concerning velocities of 
electricity and sound; to which arc added, Some further in- 
quiries into the nature and properties of electricity, i l.-f90 
pp. ill. Svo. London, for C. Davis. London, 1748 

Le Monnier's experiment in a pond near the Tuilleries, p. 3; Watson's 
experiment on the Thames, p. 5; the coatings of the Leyden Jar used on 
this noteworthy occasion were iron filings and sheet lead, p. 5; one-mile 
circuit, p. 40; velocity of sound and electricity, pp. 43, 47; flashes inside 
jar at time of discharge, p. 74. We owe the term circuit to Watson, who 
established the law that the resistance to electric flow depends on the length 
and material of the conductors. 
— See also 333. 

353. Borbone, Filippo. ( .) I fenomeni elettrici con i 

corollari da lor dedotti e con i fonti di cio che rende mala- 
gevole la ricerca del principio elettrico. xii-|-44 pp. 4to. 
Parma, G. Rosatl Parma, 174^ 

Experiments showing the behavior of "electric matter." 

354. N(eedhAm), (John) T(urbervill.) (1713-1781.) Extract of a 

letter from Paris, concerning some new electrical experiments 
made lately there. (Signed: T. N., i.e., J. T. Needham). 
Copied from Phil. Trans., R. S. Vol. 44, pp. 247-273, (1748). 
7 pp. 4to. London, (^1749) 

The experiment of the Leyden jar is described on p. 3 where its discovery 
is attributed to van Musschenbroek; the residual charge is noticed on p. 4. 

355t- Nollet, (Jean Antoine). (1700-1770.) Recherches sur les causes 
particuli^res des phenomenes electriques. xxxvi+444 pp. 8 
plates. i2mo. Paris, Guerin. Paris, 1749 

The author lays down a theory, according to which the cause of electrical 
phenomena is the "effluence and affluence" of a subtile fluid which is 
everywhere present. Some interesting experiments are described with vacuum 
tubes also on the influence of electric charges on the growth of plants. 

355a. Nouvelle edition, xxxvi+444 pp. 8 plates. i2mo. Paris, 

Guerin. Paris, 1754 

— See also 319. 

1-13 185 



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A If 

ACCOUNT 

OP THE 

EXPERIMENTS 

MADE BY 

SOME GENTLEMEN of the 
Royal Soci btVj 

In order to difcovcr whether the ElectricaI/ 
Power would be fenfibleat great Diftances. 

WITH 
An Experimental Inquiry concerning the 
rcfpedive Velocities of Electricitv and 
Sound. 

To whidi are added, 

Some further Inquiries into the Nature 
and Pr^^^r//Vj of Electricity 5 

Communicated to the ROYAL SOCIETY^ 
By William WATSON^i'liJ.iSr 

LONDON: 

Printed for C Davis, ovcr-againft Grafs* 
Inn Gate, Holbom. 1748. 
£ Price One Shilling and Sbc-pence. 

352. WATSON. 
186 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

356. BouUanger. ( — - — .) Traite de la cause et des phenomenes 
de relectricite. 2 vols. 2 plates. 8vo. Paris, Pecquet. 

Paris, i/so 
In part i. it is said that bodies which are most susceptible of electrifica- 
tion are transparent and brittle, p. 63; construction of the first cylindrical 
electrical machine attributed to Andrew Gordon, a Scotch Benedictine, 
living at Erfurt, p. 23; dark-colored ribbons most strongly attracted, 
p. 134; Part ii. propagation of electricity, p. 4; principle of the siphon 
recorder, p. 59; experiments with flames, p. 67. 

357*' Dutour, Etienne Frangois. (1711-1784.) Explication de deux 
phenomenes de Taimant, sur les diflFerences qu'apportent les 
secousses donees a-un carton sur lequel ou etend de la 
limaille de fer a Tarrangement de cette limaille presentee 
a la pierre d'aimant. (Mem. Math, et Phys. Vol. i. pp. 375- 
382.) 4to. Paris, 1750 

On the effect of tapping paper when covered with iron filings and resting 
on a magnet. 

358. Michell, J(ohn) (also Michel), (i 724-1 793.) Treatise of artificial 

magnets; in which is shewn an easy and expeditious method 
of making them, and also a way of improving the natural 
ones and of changing or converting their poles; directions are 
likewise given for making the mariner's needles. \ I.+81 pp. 
I plate. 8vo. Cambridge, Bentham. Cambridge, ly^o 

Recognition of the taw of the inverse square for magnetic attraction and 
repulsion, p. 19; method of "double touch;" consequent poles, p. 57; ring 
magnet, p. 80. 

358a. Second edition corrected. 78 pp. i plate. 8vo. Cambridge, 

Bentham. Cambridge, 1751 

358b. (French translation.) Traite sur les aimans artificiels; 

Contenant une methode courte et aisee pour les composer et 
leur donner une vertu superieure i celle des aimans ordinaires, 
une maniere d'augmenter la force des aimans naturels et de 
. changer leurs poles; Un moyen de faire des aiguilles de 
boussoles meilleures que celles qui sont en usage, et de leur 
communiquer une vertue plus forte et plus durable. Traduits 
de deux ouvrages Anglois de J. Michell et J. Canton, par le 
P. Rivoire de la C. de J. Avec une preface historique du tra- 
ductcur, ou Ton expose les Methodes et les Experiences de 
MM. Duhamel and Antheaume de I'Academie des Sciences 
pour perfectionner ces aimans. Avec figures. vii+cxx+i6o 
pp. 4 plates. i2mo. Paris, par Hippolyte Louis Guerin. 

Paris, 1752 

359. More, Antonio Lazzaro. (1687-1764.) Lettera o sia disser- 
. tazione sopra la calata de' fulmini dalle nuvole. 131 pp. i2mo. 

Venezia. Venice, J750 

Minerals liable to be struck by lightning, p. 6; lightning due to the ignition 
of inflammable exhalations, p. 25; the interval of time between seeing the 
lightning and hearing the thunder depends on the distance of the discharge, 

p. 29- 

187 



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Artificial Magnets. 19 

Fifthly^ The Poles of Magnets arc not at 
their Extremities, but at » little diftance from 
thence 5 that is, Magnets are not fo Magne- 
tical at the Ends, as in the Middle 5 and in 
fpring-temper'd and foft Steel Magnets, the 
Poles are generally ibmewhat farther from the 
Extremities thah in har^ ones. 

♦ Sixthly^ The Attraaion and Repulfion of 
Magnets decreafe, as the Squares of the dl- 
ftances from the refpeftive Poles increafe. 

This property, from fomo experiments I 

have made myfelf, and from thofe I have feen 

c 2 of 

equality, the greater the diftance of the two Magnets it, 
with which the experiments arc made ; and via verJS : 
And To g^eat is the effe£l.of Magnets on each other, that, 
when the repellent Poles of a large Magnet and a fmall 
one are brought into contafi, the fmall one (hall (bme- 
times have its Repellency changed into Attrafiion. 

* There have been fome, who have imagined, that 
the decreafe of the Magnetic Aftradioo and Repulfion is 
inverfely as the Cubes of the diftances i othcn, 9S the 
Squares ; and others, that it follows no certain ratio at 
all, but that it is much quicker at greater diffiinces, thaa 
at fmall ones, and that it is different in different Stones : 
amongft thefe lafl is Dr. Br$ok Taylor^ and P. Mufchtn^ 
iroeky who feem to have been pretty accurate in their ex* 
periments, [See Phlkfopb.Tranf, No268and390.orVol. 
VI. Part 11. Page 253 and 255. £<//«/j's,Auiidgcment.J 
The conclufions of thefe Gentlemen were di^wn from their 

358. UICHBLL. 
188 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

360. Pietsch, J(ohann) G(ottfried.) ( .) Abhandlung von dcr 

Erzeugung dcs Salpeters. (Gedanken von der Vermehrung 
dcs Salpeters.) 46 pp. 4to. Berlin, A. Haude. Berlin, 1750 
Prize-essay on the production of potassium nitrate. 

36X. Stukeley, William. (1687-1765.) The philosophy of earthquakes, 
natural and religious, Or an inquiry into their cause and their 
purpose. Second edition. 2 parts. (In the first edition only 
one part was published.) 61+32 pp. 8vo. London. 

London, ij^o 
Polar aurorae, fire-balls and lightning are all considered to be electrical 
e£Fects. 

36at. W(a8on), B(enjamin.) (1708-1788.) A treatise on electricity. 
By B. W. xiii+223 pp. 5 plates. 8vo. London, Davis. 

London, 1750 
Discharging property of points, edges and flame, p. 7; Smeaton's condensing 
air-pump, p. 24; the term electric circuit in reference to a condenser, p. 67; 
lead used for coatings of Leyden jar, p. 71; shock giyen to any particular 
part of the body, p. 88; identity of the unlTcrsal ether with electricity, 
p. 95; the ether, p. 100; all bodies may be electrified, p. iii; effect of 
discharge on the body, p. so8; magnetic polarity inverted by the Jar 
discharge, p. aig. 

363a. Second edition. 10-I-224 pp. 4 plates. 8vo. London, C. 

Davis. London, 1752 

— See also 334. 

363. Barhow, L. ( .) Richtig angestellte und aufrichtige 

mitgetheilte Observationes von dem seit eines halben Seculi 
sich in den meisten europaeischen Laendern sehr merklich 
zeigenden und bekannt gewordenen Phaenomeno, unter dem 
Namen von Nord-Licht. 5 I.4-104 pp. i plate. i2mo. Frank- 
furt, F. C. Mumme. Frankfort, 1751 
Observations on the aurora borealis. 

364. Desagulieni, Jean Theophile. (1683-1744.) Cours de physique 

experimental, traduit de Tanglois par le R. P. Pezenas. 2 
vols. 68 plates. 4to. Paris, Jacques RoUin. Paris, 1751 

— See also 249. 

365*. Digard, (de Kerguette, J.) (1717- ? .) Discours sur la 
facilite et Tutilit^ des math^matiques. 32 pp. 4to. Paris. 

Paris, 1751 
General considerations on algebra and geometry and the ease with which 
these subjects may be studied. 

366. Euler, Leonhard. (1707-1783). Opusculorum Tomus iii. con- 
tinens novam theoriam magnetis ab illustr. Academia 
regia scientiarum Parisiana praemio condecoratam 1744 una 
cum nonnullis aliis dissertationibus. i I.+165 pp. 4 plates. 
4to. Berolini, sumptibus Ambr. Haude. Berlin, 1751 

Euler adopts the Cartesian doctrine of pores and magnetic particles, magnetic 
matter is more subtile than the ether itself and is propagated through a 
magnet in one direction only, p. 10; declination and dip explained, p. 30. 
The author was the celebrated Swiss mathematician. 
— See also 635, 958. 

189 



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EXPERIMENTS 

AND 

OBSERVATIONS 

O N 

ELECTRICITY, 

MADE AT 

Philadelphia in America^ 

B Y 

Mr. BENJAMIN FRANKLIN, 

AND 

Communicated in feveral Letters to Mr. P. Collinson, 
of London^ F. R. S. 



LONDON: 

Printed and fold by E. Cave, at St. JoM^ Gate. 1751. 
(Price zs. bd.) 

367. FRANKLIN, (Reduced.) 
190 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

367. Franklin, Benjamin. (1706-1790.) Experiments and Observa- 
tions on Electricity, made at Philadelphia in America, By 
Mr. Benjamin Franklin, and Communicated in several Let- 
ters to P. Collinson of London, F. R. S. 2 1.+86 pp.+i 1. i 
plate. 4to. London, Printed and sold by E. Cave. 

London, 1751 

Celebrated work of the American philosopher. The termi poaitiTe and 
negative, pp. 3, 15; action of pointed conductors, pp. 10, 57; lead used for 
the inner coat of Leyden jar, p. 16; discharge by alternate contact, p. si; 
an insulated jar cannot be charged, p. 25; analogy of charged jar and bent 
spring, p. 23; seat of charge, p. 24; Franklin's pane, p. 25; electric dinner, 
p. 34; aurorae, p. 46; common matter self-attractiTe, electrical matter self- 
repellent, p. 51. Copies of this edition are rare. 

"These experiments and discoveries, which have given Franklin such fame, 
were the work of four men: Benjamin Franklin, Philip Syng, Thomas Hop- 
Idnson and Ebenezer Klnnersley; but, owing to Franklin's writing of 
them to England, they were published in his name, and have redounded to 
his credit solely." (Ford, P. L., Franklin Bibliography.) 

367a, New Experiments and Observations on Electricity. Made 

at Philadelphia in America, by Benjamin Franklin, Esq., 
and Communicated in Several Letters To Peter Collinson, 
Esq., of London, F. R. S. Part i. the second edi- 
tion. 2 1.+86 pp. Part ii. 2 l.+pp. 89-107+1 1. Part iii. 
By Benjamin Franklin, Esq., Communicated to P. Collinson, 
Esq., of London, F. R. S. And read at the Royal Society 
June 27, and July 4, 1754. To which are added A Paper on 
the same subject by J. Canton, M. A., F. R. S. and read 
at the Royal Society Dec. 6, 1753; and another in defense of 
Mr. Franklin against the Abbe Nollet, by Mr. D. Cobden, of 
New York. Part iii. 4 l.+pp. 111-154. 4to. London, Printed 
and sold by D. Henry and R. Cave. London, 1754 

Remarks on Abb6 NoUet's letter on electricity, by Mr. David Cobden (pp. 
130*142.) Electrical experiments, with an attempt to account for their 
several phenomena; together with some observations on thunder-clofids, in 
further confirmation of Mr. Franklin's observations on the positive and 
negative electrical states of clouds, by John Canton (pp. 143-152.) (See No. 
379.) 

367b. Experiments and Observations On Electricity made at 

Philadelphia in America, by Benjamin Franklin, LL.D. and 
F.R.S. To which arc added. Letters and Papers on Philo- 
sophical Subjects. The Whole corrected, methodized, im- 
proved, and now first collected into one volume, and illus- 
trated with Copper Plates. 4 l.-f496 pp. 5 plates 4to. London, 
Printed for David Henry; and sold by Francis Ncwbery. 

London, 1769 

367c. ^The Fifth Edition. 2 l.+vi+Si4 pp.+S 1. 7 plates. 4to. Lon- 
don, Printed for F. Newbery. London, 1774 

367d. (French translation.) Experiences et Observations sur 

TElectricite faites a Philadelphie en Amerique; et commu- 

191 



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TREATISE 

ON TH E 

Nature and Property 

OF 

FIRE. 

In THREE ESSAYS. 

I. Shewing. the Caufc of Vitality, and 
MvscvLAR Motion} mthmanyotbbr 
Pk^enomna. 

II. On Electricity. 

III. Shewing the Mechanical Catife of Mag- 
netism; and why the Compafs varies in 
the Manner it does. 



By John Fr EKE, Surgeon to St. Bartbo' 
/tfwrw's Hofpital, London^ andF.R.S. 

It magnis (jf voluife fat eft. Proper t.^ 



L If B O Ni 

Printed for W. Imkyj, and J. Richardsok, in 

Peter-nojler Row, 

MJDCC.UL 

371. FREKE. 
192 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

niqu^es dans plusieurs lettres a Mr. P. Collinson de la Society 
Royale dc Londres. Traduites de TAnglois (par M. d*Alibard 
et le Comte dc Buffon). 24+lxx pp.+s I.+222 pp.4-i6 1. plate. 
8vo. A Paris, chez Durand. Paris, 1752 

These Phtladelphim letters were trsnslated by M. d*Alibard at the request 
of Count de Buffon; they attracted considerable attention and led d'Alibard 
and others to experiment with pointed conductors; d'Alibard*s experiment 
at Marly, toI. il., p. 119. 

367c. Seconde Edition. Revue, corrigee & augment^e d'un sup- 
plement considerable du meme Auteur, avec des Notes & Ex- 
periences nouvelles. Par M. d'Alibard. 2 vols. 2 1.-|-349 pp.+ 
1 1. plate. 8vo. Paris, chez Durand. Paris, 1756 

This edition contains the Supplementary Experiments, 

367!. (German translation.) Des Herrn Benjamin Franklin, Esq. 

Briefe von der Elektricitet. Aus dem Englandischen ueber- 
setzet, nebst Anmerkungen von J. C. Wilcke. 13 1.+3S4 pp. 
plate. 8vo. Leipzig, verlegts Gottfried Kiesewetter, Buchh. 
in Stockholm. Leipzig, 1758 

^See also 449, 481, 529, 675, 696. 

368. Gordon, Andreas. (1712-1751.) Physicae experimentalis ele- 
menta (in usum Academiae Erfordiae). 2 vols. 49 plates. i2mo. 
Erfordiae, litteris Nonnianis. Erfurt, 1751-1753 

The lodestone, pp. 231-2^6 '» glass cylinder substituted for glass globe, p. 348; 
electricity useful in case of paralysis, p. 2178; it causes evaporation, p. 379; 
electrified birds lose weight, p. 282. 
— See also 317. 

369t. GroUicr de Serviires, Nicolas, (i 593-1686.) Recueil d'ouvrages 
curieux de mathematique et de mecanique; ou. Description 
du cabinet de Monsieur Grollier de Servi^res. Seconde edi- 
tion. 13 l.-f-iS2 pp. 88 plates. 4to. Paris. Paris, 1751 
Collection of full-page designs including clocks, lamps, pontoon-bridges, rafts, 
and machinery of various kinds. The first edition appeared in 17 19, 
The author was a mechanical genius. 

370. Ludolff, C(hristian) F(riederich), (the younger). (1707-1763.) 
Memoire sur Telectricit^ des barometres. Traduit du Latin. 
(M^m. de TAcad. Roy. des Sc. de Berlin, 1749, pp. 1-7.) 7 
plates, 4to. Berlin, 1751 

Production of electricity in a barometer by friction of the mercury against 
the sides of the tube. 

37X. Freke, John. (1662-1744.) Treatise on the nature and property 
of fire, in three essays, i. Shewing the cause of vitality, and 
muscular motion with many other phenomena, ii. On elec- 
tricity, iii. Shewing the mechanical cause of magnetism; 
and why the compass varies in the manner it does. viii-|-i96 
PP«+i3 !• 8vo. London, for W. Innys and J. Richardson^ 

London, 1752 
Identity of electricity and lightning, p. 105; fire is the cause of electricity 
and magnetism, pp. 65, 145; the ether of space, p. 135; electricity not as 
good a term as vivacity; electrified bodies have magnetic properties, p. 165. 
^See also 3215. 

193 



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DELL' ELETTRICISMO 

ARTIFICIALE 

E 

NATURALE 

L I BR I DUE 

D I 
GIAMBATISTA BECCARIA 

DE'CC. RR. D£LLE SCUOLE PIE. 




IN TORINO MDCCUn. 



Nclla Stampa di Filippo Antonio Campana. 



375. BECCARIA. (RtducedA 



194 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

372. Mangin, (rAbbe). ( ? -1772.) Histoire generale et particuliere 

de relectricite; ou, ce qu'en ont dit de curieux et d'amusant 
quelques physiciens de TEurope. 3 vols, i plate. i2mo. Paris, 
RoUin. Paris, 1752 

Statement of the work and discoveries of physicists from Gilbert to Franklin; 
part ii. exposes and discusses the Tarious theories proposed; part iii. 
describes the effects of electricity on the body and its value in curative 
medicine. Qu^rard states that this work has been erroneously attributed 
to Guer, a lawyer. 

373. Penrose, Francis, (i 718-1798.) Treatise on electricity, wherein 

its various phoenomena are accounted for and the cause of 
the attraction and gravitation of solids assigned; to which 
is added, a short account how the electrical effluvia act upon 
the animal frame. 40 pp. Bvo. Oxford. Oxford, 1752 

Machine electricity is attributed to the friction of air between the glass- 
globe and the hand of the operator, p. 16; the earth is devoid of attraction, 
p. 25; electric effluvia and light, p. 36. 
— See also 380. 

374. (Bazin, Gilles Augustin). ( ? -I754-) Description des courants 

magnetiques dessines et graves d'apr^s nature en xv planches, 
suivie de quelques observations sur I'aiman par M. de TAca- 
demie des Belles-Lettres de la Rochelle et Correspondent de 
TAcademie Royale des Sciences de Strasbourg. 2I.+54 PP-+ 
I 1. 15 plates. 4to. Strasbourg, Jean-Frangois de Le Roux. 

Strasburg, 1753 
The magnetic field illustrated with numerous diagrams and plates. A 
supplement appeared in 1754. 
375t. Bcccaria, Giacomo Battista. (1716-1781.) Deir elettricismo 
artificiale, e naturale libri due. 4 I.+245 pp. 4to. Torino, 
Filippo Antonio Campana. Turin, 1753 

This (first) edition of an important work contains the author's early 
contributions to the subject of atmospheric electricity; Beccaria adopted the 
Franklinian theory. The author was an Italian priest and professor of ex- 
perimental physics at Turin. For English translation, see No. 457. (See No. 
1465.) 
—See also 392bis, 424, 435bis, 450, 457- 

376. Belgrade, Jacobo. (1704-1789.) Delia riflessione dei corpi dall* 

acqua e della diminuzione della mole de Sassi ne' Torrenti, 
e ne Fiumi dissertazioni due. xi+99 pp. i plate. 4to. Parma, 
nella R. D. stamperia Monti. Parma, 1753 

Discussion of the phenomena of reflection and refraction at plane surfaces. 
— See also 305. 

377. Eeles, Henry. (1700-1781?) Philosophical essays. Folio. 

Lismore, I753-'I7^I 
The cause of thunder; electrical theory; reflection and refraction of light; 
medical effects of electricity. Manuscript letters of Major Eclea of Lismore 
with commentary on each by Robert J. Lecky. (See Nos. 433, 2456.) 

377a. Philosophical essays in several letters to the Royal Society, 

with a preface. xIix+189 pp. 8vo. London, for G. Robinson 
and J. Roberts. London, 1771 

Original considerations on the dual nature of electricity in which the author 

195 



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Vfh. 1 753. Aif 99pUiihii$ m^Mtf unvtnkg mtimginci. 73 

•nd am Bowbere to Job my iotitfttiet cxiremiuM ok' the ^-iret, tad aBott sa 
wUi Ml. that YOU may be ha^ for e- inch below them. Alio let tjie wticsbe 

ft edin a Iblid ^iece bf glait, at lU iactiei 



>To relate all that was fiid npoo tUi 
oGcafioo, "would ! be to extend my ftory 
to anoclier peper. WiUbn was Ul fub- 
niffionaiid acknowledgment i tkewife 
cried and doi^ted, and the widow vow- 
ed en eternal ieparation« Tobeasflioft 
« poffible, the harmony of the married 
couple was fixed from that day. The 
ividow was handibmely provided for, 
and her child, at the reaueft of Mrs WU- 
fan, taken home to her own boufei 
where at the end of a year (he was fo 
iMppy, after all her diftrdles, as to pre- 
lent him with a fifter, with whom be is 
to divkle his fitther^s fortune. Bk mo« 
tber retired into the country i and, two 
yean after, was married to a gentleman 
~of great worth ; to whom, on his firft 
propoials to her, flie related every ar» 
cinoftance of bar ftory. The boy pays 
her a vifit every year, and is now wnh 
bis'fifter upon one of theie vifits. Mr 
WiUbn is perleftly happy in his wiie» 
and has fept me, in his own hand, tbis 
morel to bis flory : 

^ That tbonpi prudence and genero- 



fttMi the end Tend let Ihat cart of ibeM 
which reaches irom the gian to tiie ma« 
chme, have i'uffident Ipikg and ftiineft 
to tecover iis lituaiion aiier having 'been 
brought in coniad wkh the ban el. Clofe 
by £t (upporung glaft, let a ball be fui^ 
rendcd horn every wue : and about a 
iixth or an eighth of an mch below the 
balls, ulace the letters of the alphabet, 
mari^ on Ims of Viyct, or any other 
fubitance that may be light enougli- to 
rile to the eleftribed ball; and at the 
lame tbie let fc be ib contrived, that 
each of tbem may reaflume its' pro^icr 
place when dropt. .All things conftru^ed 
as above, aiui tlie nunute pievbufly fi^red^ 
I b^gjb the converiatktn whh tAy diftant 
fiiendm thb maimer. Havng-ftt the 
eledrical machbe a»gokig as ia ordBnary 
experiments^ fuppore l*am to pronounce 
the word 6iri with a piece of glafi, 'or 
any other tharitferfi^ 1 (bike the wb« 
f , £> as to brios k m contad with the 
barrel, then f, then r, all in the fame 
way: and my conefoondent, alraoftki 
the&me k)ftan>» obiervcs thefe^feveral 



^ 1 PV liioi^^ pruacncc wan gGucrv* uw ibhic wiwinp, ^ji%Mmr%^i vook ^ icvciiu 

faty-nay not always be fuffident to hold ebarafters ri(em order to the eleArified 
the heart qf a bufband, yet a conftaht balls at his end of the wires. Tbo« I 
per&lcMnee ki them will, onctkneor o^ fpell away u long as I tlnnk fit i and 
ther,iflMi(l ceitamly rqpin k." iny correipondent, for the lake of me* 

mory, writes the charaAers as they rifie^ 
tnd may jofai and read them afterwards 
as nften as be. inclkies. - UpoQ a fignat 
^ven, orftte choice, I ft6p die ma* 
chkie» and taking up the pen hi my 
turn, I write down whatever my friend 
at the other end (hikes out. 

If any body (hoidd thmk this way tire* 
fi>me, let hkn, kiftead of the balls^ fvS" 
pend a range of bells fttmi the roof, e« 
quill m number to the letters of the aN 
phabet s gradually decreaiine in Can ftoro 
the bell JtoZ: and ftom we* homxm* 
tal wires, let there be another let reach* 



7# tkt m/tim ffthf Scots MaoAZtif i* 
SIR, Ruffriw^ Fth, 1. 175|. 

r!* b well knowii to all who are con* 
verlant ki elefttkal expeiiments, that 
the elefbic power may be propagated 
fJongafinallwkie, ftmn one ^ace to an- 
other, widioot. bring (enfibly abated by 
die kng^h of its* progreis. Let ihen « 
fiet of wires, eaoal b number to the let- 
ten. of the alphabet, be extended bori* 
sontally between two ghnen places, pa* 
rallel to one another, and esch of them 
about an mch diftant from that next to 



it. At every twenty ymrd& end, let tbem kig to the (everal bells \ one, vik^, from 
be fixed ki gleft# or jeweller's oement, the horiiontal wire A to the bell A^ an 
l)ody. 



to (bme firm nody, both to prevent them 
from touching uie 'eaitn or any * other 
^on-eleAric, andfrombrtakingDy their 
owngravky. l^at the eleMc gyorbax* 
«el be plaqd at, Kjgjbt eaflcv ntUr the 



other ftom the horizontal wire B to the 
bell Bp l^c. Then let him who Ik^s 
the 'di(couHe bring the wices jn comad 
wkh the barrel, as before \ and the e« 
leArical i^ark, brcaiit»g on. bells of dif- 
facot 



378. MARSHALL-^cots Magasine. {.Reduced,) 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

controverts the views by Franklin. An account of the author's life is 
given in a letter written by Robert J. Lecky to Latimer Qark» and dated 
April la, 1878. 

378. M(ar8hall), C(harles) or (Charles Morrison.) ( .) A 

printed letter. Scots Magazine, Vol. xv., pp. 73-74- 8vo. 

Edinburgh, 1753 

The letter signed C. M., p. 73, contains the earliest known reference to an 
electric telegraph; the letters C. M, stand for Charles Marshall of Paisley 
according to Latimer Dark and for Charles Morrison of Greenock according 
to Sir David Brewster, (No. 131 5) and Latimer Clark» (5389). Very rare. 
— See also 1315, 1498, 1698, 1771, i929> 2208, 3224, 5389. 

379. NoUet, (Jean Antoine). (i 700-1 770.) Lettres sur T^lectricit^, 

dans lesquelles on examine les derni'eres d^couvertes qui ont 
ete faites sur cette mati^re, et les consequences que Ton en 
peut tirer. xii+264 pp. i2mo. Paris, Gu^rin et Delatour. 

Paris, 1753 
Six letters written to Franklin often controverting his views; letter to 
Jallabert of Geneva and Boss of Wittenberg; theory of effluent and affluent 
matter; papers by Symmer and Birch with remarks by the author. (See 
No. 367a.) 

379a.-— — (Another edition.) Dans lesquelles on soutient le principe 
des effluences & affluences simultandes contre la doctrine de 
M. Franklin, & contre les nouvelles pretentions de ses par- 
tisans. Seconde Partie (complete in 2 vols.) i2mo. Paris, 
Gu6rin et Delatour. Paris, 1760 

37gb. (Another edition.) Lettres sur r61ectricite, dans lesquelles on 

trouvera les principaux phenom^nes qui ont kti decouverts 
depuis 1760; avec des discussions sur les consequences qu'on 
en peut tirer. TroisUme partie. Second edition (Complete in 
3 vols.) i2mo. PariSf Durand. Paris, 1770 

— See also 319. 

38a Penrose, Francis, (i 718-1798.) Essay on Magnetism; or. An 
endeavour to explain the various properties of the loadstone; 
together with the causes of the same. 40 pp. i2mo. Oxford. 

Oxford, 1753 
Magnetism is due to *the powerful action of Incumbeat fluids*' or ether 
streams, p. 35; there is no absolute vacuum In nature, p. 17. 
— See also 373. 

38Z. Rabiqueau^ Ch(arles.) ( .) Le spectacle du feu 61^ 

mentaire; ou, Cours d'61ectricit6 experimental e, oii Ton trouve 
Texplication, la cause et le m^canisme du feu dans son ori- 
gine, etc. (Lettre sur la mort de M. Richmann. Relation 
curieuse et int^ressante pour le progres de la physique et de 
la medicine.) 2 1.-I-296 pp.+2 1. 10 plates. 8vo. Paris, Jom- 
bert. Paris, 1753 

Experiments on the nature and effects of the electric discharge in Illustration 
of the author's views; death of Prof. Richmann of St. Petersburg while 
experimenting with atmospheric electricity in 1753. 

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:Eua moBL xJBLSCTJUcxT^JUEi CdW'fiuunnrjncs 




379. NOLLET. Frontispiece. 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

38a. Mairan, (Jean Jacques d'Ortous de). (1678-1711.) Traite phy- 
sique et historique de Taurore boreale. (Suite des M^moires 
de TAcademie pour 1731). Seconde Edition, revue et aug- 
mentee. 570+xxii pp. pi. 4to. Paris, Imprim^rie Royale. 

Paris, 17 S4 

Inquiry into the history and physics of the aurora borealis; the chapter 
on the relation between the aurora and the magnetic declination is of special 
interest. The first edition appeared in 1733. (See No. 2452.) 

383. Musschenbroek, Pieter van. (1692-1761.) Dissertatio physica 

experimentalis de magncte. Lugduni Batavorum anno 1729 
edita nunc vero auditoribus oblata. 2 I.+283 pp. 10 plates. 
4to. Viennae, typis Joannis Thomae Trattner. Vienna, 1754 
Edition of 1729 enlarged. 
— See also 257. 

384. New and complete dictionary of arts and sciences, compre- 

hending all the branches of useful knowledge with accurate 
descriptions. Extracted from the best authors in all lan- 
guages by a Society of Gentlemen. Vols. 2 & 3. (Complete 
in 4 vols. ) pi. 8vo. London for W. Owen. London, 1754 

In article on electricity, Franklin's kite experiment is described in detail, 
vol. ii., p. 1040; in vol. iii., Canton's method of making magnets, p. 1971* 

385. B6raud, Laurent. (1703-1777.) Theoria electricitatis. (Appen- 

dix to Johann Albrecht Euler's Disquisitio de causa physica 
electricitatis.) pp. 95-144. 4to. (Petropoli). 

(St. Petersburg, 1755) 
Electric matter is a subtile fluid distinct from elementary fire yet sometimes 
assuming its form and properties. The phenomena of attraction and repulsion, 
lightning, thunder, etc., are considered in Part iii. B^raud was a French 
Jesuit and astronomer. (See No. 386.) 

386. Euler, Johann Albrecht. (1734-1800.) Disquisitio de causa 

physica electricitatis, una cum aliis duabus dissertationibus 
de eodem argumento. 28 pp. 4to. Petropoli. 

St, Petersburg, 1755 
Prize essay on the physical cause of electricity in which the electrical fluid 
is identified with the ether. The author was son of Euler, the celebrated 
mathematician. (See No. 385.) 

387. Frisi, Paolo. (1728-1784.) De existentia et motu aetheris seu 

de theoria electricitatis ignis et lucis, dissertatio. pp. 29-94. 
4to. (Petropoli.) (St. Petersburg, 1755) 

Electricity a phenomenon of the ether. Electric light in rarefied media, p. 67; 
Beccaria's experiments on atmospheric electricity, p. 81. 

388. Premoli (Carlo). ( .) Nova electricitatis theoria. 

91 pp. I plate. i2mo. Mediolani, Fr. Agnellum. Milan, 1755 
Speculations on the nature of electric force. 

389. Salchow, Ulrich Christoph. (1722-1787.) Explicatio separa- 

tionis auri ab argento per aquam fortem factae et modi 
vilioris haec duo metalla a se invicem segregandi. 19 pp. 4to. 
Petropoli. St. Petersburg, (1755) 

Chemical process for the separation of gold from silver. 

199 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

390. Cartier^ Gallus. ( .) Philosophia eclectica ad mentem 

et methodum celeberrimorum nostrae aetatis philosophorum 
concinnata, et in quatuor partes, logicam nempe, meta- 
physicam, physicam et ethicam distributa. Accedunt Exer- 
citationes philosophicae et Elementa Geometriae. 4 l.+4^ 
+74+495+41 (Index) +132+2 (Errata) pp. 15 plates. 4to. 
Augustae Vindelicorum et Wirceburgi, J. Adam et Fr. A. 
Veith. Augsburg & Wureburg, ijsS 

References to lightning and St. Elmo's fires, p. 312; amberp p. 328; the 
magnet, declination and dip, p. 330; the invention of the compass, p. 330. 

391*. Lovett, R(ichard). (1692-1780.) The subtil medium prov'd; 
or, That wonderful power of nature, so long conjecture'd 
by the most ancient and remarkable philosophers which they 
caird sometimes aether; but oftener elementary fire, verified. 
Giving an account of* the progress and several gradations of 
electricity, from those ancient times to the present; its various 
uses in the animal oeconomy, the method of applying it, 
etc. 3 I.+141 pp. +2 1. 8vo. London, for J. Hinton. London, 17^ 

Dialogue on the nature and properties of electrics and non-electrics, followed 
by cases showing the healing power of electricity. 

39za. Sir Isaac Newton's aether realized; or, The second part of 

The subtil medium prov'd, and electricity rendered useful, 
being a vindication of that essay, in answer to the animad- 
versions made thereon by the Monthly Review. 77 pp. 8vo. 
London, for the author. London, (1739) 

Electricity and the Newtonian ether are held to be identical. 

391b. The reviewers reviewed; or, The bushfighters exploded; 

being a reply to the animadversions, made by the author of 
the Monthly Review, on a late pamphlet, entitled Sir Isaac 
Newton's aether realiz'd. To which is added, by way of 
appendix. Electricity, render*d useful in medicinal intentions. 
3 I.+41 pp. 8vo. Worcester, for the author. 

Worcester, 1760 

Original views concerning the existence of an electric medium; its identity 
with the Newtonian ether defended. 

39x*c. A letter to the authors of the Monthly Review; or, a reply 

to their animadversions on a pamphlet lately published, in- 
tituled. The reviewers review'd. 2+27 pp. Bvo. London, 
for the author. London, 1761 

Polemical pamphlet on the author's electro-etheric views. 
— See also 417, 447. 

39a. Nebel, D(aniel) W(ilhelm). (1735-1805.) De magnete arti- 
ficiali. 68 pp. 4to. (Inaugural dissertation.) Trajecti ad 
Rhenum, Joh. Broedelet. Utrecht, 1756 

Discussion of the magnetic work of Mitchell, Knight and others, with 
illustrations of experiments. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

39at bis. Beccaria, Giambattista. (1762-1781.) DcU' clcttricismo. 
Lettere . . . dirette al sig. Giacomo Bartolomeo Beccaria, 
professore di chimici nell' Istituto di Bologna. Coll' appen- 
dice di un nuovo fosforo descritto aU'illustrc sig. contc Ponte 
di Scarnafigi. 378 pp. 4to. Bologna, 1758 

The Kveral main headings of the book are DelV glettricismo ortiHcidlt, e 
naturale; Delf elettricismo terrestre atmosferico; Di' un nuovo fosforo, t 
della spUgasion* di esso. (See Nos. 435bis, 450, 457.) 
— See also 375. 

393t. dc M. G. C {i.e., J(ohn) B(aptiste) Girardin.) ( ? -1783.) 
Reflexions physiques, en forme de commentaire, sur le cha- 
pitre huitieme du livre des Proverbes, depuis le verset vingft- 
deux jusqu'au verset trente-un par M. G. C. de M. {i,e,, J. B. 
Girardin, cure de Mailleroncourt.) 434 pp.+6 1. T2mo. Paris, 
Vautrin. Paris, 1758 

Remarks on cosmic physics with reference to certain controverted passages 
of Scripture. 

394. Knight, G(owin). (171 3-1 772.) Collection of some papers for- 

merly published in the Philosophical Transactions relating to 
the use of Dr. Knight's magnetical bars with some notes 
and additions. 23 pp. 8vo. London. London, 1758 

The author's method (separate touch) of making strong magnets, p. 14; 
polarity of ship's compasses destroyed by lightning, p. 17. 
— See also 350. 

395. Aepinus, F(ranz Maria) U(lrich) T(heodor). (1724-1802.) 

Tentamen theoriae electricitatis et magnetism!; accedunt 
dissertationes duae, quarum prior, phaenomenon quoddam 
electricum, altera magneticum, explicat, instar supplement! 
Commentariorum Academiae Imperialis Petropolitanae. 390 
pp. 7 plates. 4to. Petropoli Typis Acad. Scient. 

5*^ Petersburg, 0759) 
The author, a pioneer investigator, adopts and modifies Franklin's one-fluid 
theory; submits electrical phenomena to mathematical analysis. Electrifica- 
tion of tourmaline, p. 77; affinity of electricity and magnetism, p. 187; the 
author's well-known form of condenser, pp. 88, 355; magnetism of the earth, 
p. 257. 
— See also 400. 

396. Egeling, J. ( .) Disquisitio physica de electricitate. 

55 pp. 4to. Trajecti ad Rhenum, J. Broedelct. Utrecht, 1759 
Paper of some historic interest on electricity and the phenomena of electric 
discharge. 

397. Hoadley, (Benjamin). (1706-1757.) and (Benjamin) Wilson. 

(1708-1788.) Observations on a series of electrical experi- 
ments, with alterations and the addition of some experiments, 
letters, and explanatory notes by B(enjamin) Wilson. Sec- 
ond edition. 2 l.-f 86 pp. 4to. London, for T. Payne. 

London, 1759 
The electric fluid and the' universal ether are the same. The first edition 
appeared in 1756. 
— See also 334. 

I-M 201 



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TENTAMEN THEORIAE 

ELECTRICITATIS 

ET 

MAGNETISMl 



Accedunt Diflertationes duae, quarum prior, 
phaenOmenon quoddam ele&icum , altera . 
magneticum ^ explicat. 

A V C T O R E 

F. V. T. ^EPINO 

Acad. Scieac. j Imper. Tetropolitanae ^ Regiae BerolioenCs et 
£leAor. MoguQt. Erfbrd. M^mbio. 

.Inftar Sopplementi Commentar. Acad. Itnper. Pctropolitaoae, 

PETROTOLI 
TYPIS ACADEMIAE SCIENTIARVM. 

395. AEPINUS, (Reduced.) 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

398.. Martin, Benjamin. (1704-1782.) Young gentleman and lady's 
philosophy, in a continued survey of the works of nature and 
art, by way of dialogue. 2 vols. 52 plates. 8vo. London. 

London, 1759-1/^3 
Lightning and the aurora borealis, p. 289; death of Professor Richmann 
of St. Petersburg, p. 324. 
— See also 327. 

399. Scarella, Giambattista. (1711-1779.) De magnete libri quatuor. 

2 vols. I plate and i map. 4to. Brixiae, excudebat Joannes- 
Maria Rizzardi. Brescia, 1759 
Magnetic theory and method of making magnets. Objections to magnetic 
effluvia, Book ii., p. 122; how magnets are made, p. 279; Book iii., tables 
of declination and dip, p. 217. 

400. Aeptnus, F(ranz Maria) U(lrich) T(heodor). (1724-1802.) 

Akademische Rede von der Aehnlichkeit der elektrischen und 
magnetischen Kraft. 44 pp. i2mo. Leipzig, J. Fr. Gladitsch. 

Leipsig, 1760 

Address on the similarity of electric and magnetic forces. 
— See also 395. 

401*. Oberst, Joseph. ( .) Conjecturae arbitrariae circa 

triplicem magnetis naturam una cum Placitis Scoto-Sophicis. 
48 pp. i2mo. Augustae Vindelicorum. Augsburg, 1760 

On the three- fold power of the magnet; attractive, directive and inductive. 

40a. Symmer, Rob(ert). ( ? -1763.) New experiments and obser- 
vations concerning electricity. With a letter from J. Mitchell, 
59 PP" 4to. London, Davis & Reymers. London, 1760 

Pamphlet of considerable interest. The author's two-fluid theory stated, 
p. 36. "I think we may fairly conclude that what is called negativ* 
electricity is, in reality, a positive active power," p. 38. 

403. Wesley, John. (1703-1791) The desideratum; or, Electricity 

made plain and useful by a lover of mankind, and of common 
sense. 72 pp. i2mo. London. London, 1760 

Quaint r£sum6 of electrical knowledge. The discharge of a Leyden jar will 
"give polarity to a fine needle, will invert the polarity of a compass,** p. 
21; list of cures effected by electrical treatment from which the author 
concludes that electricity "is the noblest medicine yet known in the 
world,** p. 72. The author was the founder of Methodism. 

403a.— — Fourth edition. 72 pp. i2mo. London, R. Hawes. 

London, 1778 
403b.— ^Another edition, vii+72 pp. i2mo. London, Balli^re, 

Tindal & Co. London, 1871 

— See also 700. 

404. Croker, Temple Henry. (1730?-! 790?.) Experimental magnet- 

ism; or. The truth of Mr. Mason's discoveries in that branch 
of natural philosophy proved and ascertained. 1^+72 pp. 2 
plates. i2mo. London, for J. Coote. London, 1761 

The invention of the compass, p. 2; declination and dip first observed, p. 4; 
central terrestrial magnet denied, p. 48; magnetic perpetual-motion machine, 
p. 61. 

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THE 



DESIDERATUM: 



O R, 



ELECTRICITY 



Made PLAIN and USEFUL. 



By a Lover of Mankind, and of Common Senfe* 



THE FOURTH EDITIOK. 



LONDON: Printed by R. Hawbs, 

And fold at the Foundeiy in MoorfieUsi and at the 

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403a. WESLEY, 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

405. DoUond, P(ctcr). (1730-1820) and J(ohn) DoUond. (1706-1761.) 

Directions for using the electrical machine made by P. and J» 
DoUond. 24 pp. I plate. 8vo. London. London, {1761) 

Canton suggests an tttnalgam of tin and merctiry for use with frictional 
machines, p. 4; flap of oiled silk, p. 4; Henley's "electrometer/* p. 24. The 
DoUonds were famous London opticians. 

406. Jones, William, (i 726-1 800.) Essay on the first principles of 

natural philosophy, wherein the use of natural means, or 
second causes, in the economy of the material world is 
demonstrated from reason, in four books. 3 I.-I-281 pp. 7 
plates. 4to. Oxford, S. Parker. Oxford, 1762 

Strong shock from Leyden jar, p. 136; paralysis cured hy electric shock, p. 

fl6o. 

— See also 500, 62a. 

407. Albertus Parvus, Lucius (pseud.) ( .) Les secrets mer- 

veilleux de la magie naturelle et cabalistique du Petit Albert, 
traduits ^xactement sur Toriginal Latin, qui a pour titre: 
"Alberti Parvi Lucii Libellus de mirabilibus naturae ar- 
canis," enrichis de plusieurs figures mysterieuses pour former 
des talismans, avec la maniere de les faire. 245 pp. 10 plates. 
i6mo. Lyon, chez les H^ritiers de Beringos Fratres. 

Lyons, 1762 
Work on natural magic; sympathetic compasses, p. 22Z, 

408. Bertrand, E(Iie). (1712-1790.) Dictionnaire universel des fos- 

siles propres et des fossiles accidentels. xxxii-f-606 pp. i2mo. 
Avignon, Louis Chambeau. Avignon, 1763 

List of writers on the magnet, p. 14. Bertrand was a Swiss naturalist. 

409. (Harrison, John). (1693-1776.) An account of the proceedings, 

in order to the discovery of the longitude: in a letter to the 
Right Honourable xxxxx, member of Parliament. 46 pp. 4to. 

London, 1763 
The proceedings referred to in the title extended from 17 14- 1763. 

410. Watson, (Sir) William. (1715-1787.) Observations upon the ef- 

fects of electricity, applied to a Tetanus, or Muscular Rigidity 
of four months' continuance. In a letter to the Royal So- 
ciety. 16 pp. 4to. London, 1763 
History of a case in which electricity was applied for remedial purposes. 
— See also 333- 

4IZ. Martin, Benjamin. (1704-1782.) Biographia philosophica, being 
an account of the lives, writings and inventions of the most 
eminent philosophers and mathematicians, who have flour- 
ished from the earliest ages of the world to the present time. 
With a portrait of Isaac Newton. 2 I.+56S PP+i 1. 8vo. 
London, W. Owen. London, 1764 

The biographical sketches number one hundred and fifty-seven and include 
Gellibrand, Cotes, Gunter, Horrox, Du Hamel, Lamy, Madaurin and 
Rohault. 

also 3217* 

ao5 



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s? well^ Watson Knt m.d, f.r.s, 

410. WATSON. iSee No. 4377.) 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

412. Wilcke, Johan Carl. (1732-1796.) Tal, om magneten, hallet for 

Kongl. Vetensk. Academien vid Praesidi nedlaggande. 44 
pp. 8vo. Stockholm, Lars Salvius. Stockholm, 1764 

Magnetic history with special reference to declination. 

413. L'espion Chinois; ou, I'envoy^ secret de la cour de Pekin, pour 

examiner I'etat present de I'Europe, traduit du Chinois (par 
Ange Goudar). 2 vols. 2 plates. i2mo. Cologne. 

Cologne, 1764 

Work of some celebrity though containing little of scientific interest Vol. 

i., sympathetic magnetic telegraph, p. 116; vol. ii., appreciation of Descartes, 

p. 26. 

414. Bnigmans, Anton, (1732-1789.) Tentamina philosophica de 

materia magnetica, ej usque actione in ferrum et magnetem. 
4 I.+237 pp. 6 plates. Sm. 4to. Franequerae, Gulielmus 
Coulon. Franeker, 1765 

Propositions on the nature and phenomena of magnetism followed hy 
numerous experiments, including measurements of declination and dip. 
The author discovered in 1778 the repulsion of bismuth by a magnet. 
— See also 470. 

415*. BoBCOvich, Ruggiero Giuseppe (also Boskovic, Ruder Josip). 
(1711-1787.) Dissertatio de lunae atmosphaera. i l.+iii pp. 
4to. Vindebonae, Typis Joannis Thomae Nol. de Trattern. 

Vienna, j/66 
The object of the dissertation is to show that the moon has no atmosphere. 
The author was an eminent Italian Jesuit, astronomer and philosopher. 

416. Qwyrm, John (also Gwyn, or Gwynne). ( ? -1786.) London 

and Westminster improved, illustrated plans, to which is 
prefixed a Discourse on publick magnificence with observa- 
tions on the state of arts and artists in this Kingdom. xiv+ 
132 pp. 4 plates. 4to. London, for the author. 

London, 1766 
Description of the actual state of London with suggested improvements. 

417. Lovett, R(ichard). (1692-1780.) Philosophical essays in three 

parts, containing an inquiry into the nature and properties of 
the electrical fluid. To which is subjoined, by way of Appen- 
dix, a clear account of the variation of the needle. (The 
Appendix is entitled: A brief theory of the North Magnetic 
Pole and the Mariners' Compass Needle.) i l.+xxi pp.+3 ^ 
+525 PP.+23 1. 4 plates. 8vo. Worcester, for the author. 

Worcester, 1766 

Properties of the ether, p. 67; plus and minus electrification, p. iia; 
Franklin's kite, p. 148; detailed account of De Romas^ Idte experiments, 
p. 150; needles magnetized, and polarity reversed by jar discharges, p. 409. 
— See also 391. 

418. Poncclct, (Polycarpe). (Flourished i8th cent..) La nature dans 

la formation, du tonnerre et la reproduction des etres vivans 

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OES Plaisiks. I^JT 

vement de vibration, qu'ils con- 
fervent pendant un temps fend- 
ble ; les nerf^ ne font point des 
cordes tendues , ni des corps ri- 
gides. Car dans ce caS) une feu. 
le IfflpreiGon momentan^e feroit 
durer Its fen&tions, ^ qui r^- 
pugne k rexp6rience. £n effet 
d^s qu'on ferme Tceil , d68 
qu^on boudie roreiOe, les feor 
fations cefleAt. Au Ueo qu*e!- 
|es continueroient , fi les*neris 
avoient un mouvement feofible 
de vibration (*). 

(♦) Cette fuppqficion parott confir- 
mee: par une experience afTez curieufe* 
Si Ton joint deux pieces, Tunc de plonib 
& Taucre d'argenCt de forte que les deux 
bords faflfent un mdnie plan , & qu'oa 
les a{>proche fur la langue on eh fentira 
quelque goAt , aflfez approchant au gotkc 
ae vitriol de fer ^ au lieu que chaquc 

420. SULZBR, 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

pour servir d'introduction aux vrais principes de rAgriculture. 
2 vols. 3 plates. i2mo. Paris, P. G. LcMcrcicr. Paris, 1/66 
Causes and effects of lightning and laboratory electricity; use of points 
discountenanced, p. 117. 

419. Swinden, J (an) H(endrik) van. (i 746-1823.) De attractione. 

79 pp. I plate. 4to. (Inaugural dissertation.) Lugduni Ba- 
, tavorum, Th. Haak. Leyden, 1766 

Mathematical treatment of certain problems in attraction. 
— See also 476, 496. 

420. Sulzer, (Johann Georg). (1720-1779.) Nouvelle theoric des 

plaisirs, avec des reflexions sur I'origine du plaisir par Mr. 

Kaestner. 2 I.+363 pp. i2mo. (no place.) 1767 

Inquiry into the causes of agreeable sensations; Sulzer discovered Gdvanic 
taste by placing his tongue between two plates, one of silver and the other 
of lead, connected together by a wire. (See p. i55>) 

421*. Paulian, A(ime) H(cnri). (1722-1801.) L'clectricite soumise a 
un nouvel examen, dans differentes lettres adress^es a M. 
TAbbe Nollet. Par Tautcur du Dictionnaire de Physique, xlviii 
+286 pp.+i 1. 12m o. Avignon, Girard & Franc. Seguin. 

Avignon, 1768 

The first part contains nine letters addressed to Abbi Nollet in which the 
author defends his views as contained in the article "£lectricit6" of his 
Dictionnaire de Physique. 3 vols., 1761. In the second part, the principles 
of the subject are treated in Latin and in accordance with the scholastic 
method; the author was a French Jesuit. 

422. Priestley, Joseph. (1733- 1804.) Familiar introduction to the 

study of electricity. 51 pp. 7 plates 4to. London, for J. 
Dodsley. London, 1768 

Electrical pencil (positive brush) and star (negative brush), p. 241 Lane's 
and Kinnersley's electrometers, p. 40; electrical machines, p. 45* The tract 
purposes to be a "Familiar explication of the fundamental principles of 
electricity mixing theory with facts and illustrating chiefly those experiments 
which are the most enterUining," p. 7. 

422a. Second edition. 85 pp.+i 1. 8 plates. 8vo. London, for J. 

Dodsley. London, 176Q 

—See also 445, 453. 466, 565, 590, 602, 2459. 

423. Sav6rien, Alex(andre). (1722-1805.) Histoire des philosophes 

modernes avec leur portrait ou allegorie. Vol. vi. Histoire 
des physiciens. i2mo. Paris, Librairie Ordinaire. Paris, 1768 
Sketch of the Hfe and work of eight physicists including Rohault, Boyle, 
Desaguliers, s'Gravesande and van Musschenbroek. 

424. Beccaria, G(iovanni) B(attista). (1716-1781.) Experimenta, 

atque observationes quibus electricitas vindex late consti- 
tuitur, atque explicatur. 2 I.4-66 pp. i plate. 4to. Augustae 
Taurinorum, ex typographia regia. Turin, 1769 

Numerous experiments in electricity made by the distinguished Italian 
priest and philosopher. 
— See also 375. 

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FAMILIAR INTRODUCTION 



TO THE STUDY OF 



ELECTRICITY. 



By JOSEPH PRIESTLEY, LL.D. F-R.S. 



Uimc opus eft leviari Ijra. 

Ovid, 



LONDON: 
Printed for J. Dodsley, in Pall-Mall; T. Cadell,. Suo 
cefTor to Mr. Millar, in the Strand; and J. Johnson, 
in Pater-nofter Row. 



M DCC LXVIII. 

422. PRIESTLEY. {Reduced.) 



210 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

435. Dutens, (Louis). (1730-1812.) An inquiry into the origin of 
the discoveries attributed to the moderns. Translated from 
the French with additions communicated by the author. 
3^1+459 pp. 8vo. London, for W. Griffin. London, 1/6^ 

Reference to the properties of the magnet, ancient authors being freely 
quoted: pp. 302-207; cause of thunder, p. 191. The original French edition 
appeared in 1766. 

426. Guyot, (Edm6-Gilles). (i 706-1 786.) Nouvelles recreations 
physiques et math^matiques; con tenant ce qui a ete imagine 
de plus curieux dans ce genre, et ce qui se decouvre journellc- 
ment. 4 vols. 72 plates. 8vo. Paris, Gueffier. Paris, 1769-1770 
The suspension of Mahomet's coffin* the suspension of the statue of Arsinoe 
in an Alexandrian temple, and the sympathetic magnetic-telegraph treated as 
myths and absurdities. 

427.t Musschcnbrock, Pieter van. (1692-1761.) Cours de physique 
experimentale et mathematique. Traduit par Sigaud de la 
Fond. 3 vols. 4to. Paris, Briasson. Paris, 176Q 

The first volume of this important text-book on natural philosophy contains 
one hundred closely printed pages on electricity and magnetism; references 
frequently given. The translator was himself a distinguished physicist. 
— See also 257. 

428. Volta, Alessandro. (i 745-1 827.) De vi attractiva ignis electrici, 
ac phaenomenis inde pendentibus ad Joanem Bapt. Beccariam 
dissertatio epistolaris. Ixxii pp. 4to. Novo-Comi. Typis Oc- 
tavii Staurenghi. Coma, 1769 

This work on the attractive force of electric fire was Volta's fir^t contribution 
to science. He published it at the age of twenty-four; it is held in esteem. 
— See also 51 ibis, 570b, 603, 655, 726, 731, 736, 853, 2481. 

439. Ferguson, James. (1710-1776.) An introduction to electricity 
in six lectures. 2 I.+140 pp. 3 plates. 8vo. London, for W. 
Strahan. London, 1770 

Experiments illustrating phenomena in electrostatics. The work closes 
with a chapter on the medical uses of electricity. This is one of the best 
early treatises on electricity. 

429*a. Second edition. 2 I.+140 pp. 3 plates. 8vo. London, for 

W. Strahan. (A reprint.) London, 177$ 

429*b. Third edition. 2 I.+140 pp. 3 plates. 8vo. London, for 

W. Strahan. (A reprint.) London, 1778 

— See also 800, 8x9. 

430.t NoUet, Jean Antoine. (1700-1770.) L'art des experiences; ou, 
Avis aux amateurs de la physique, sur le choix, la construc- 
tion et Tusage des instruments; sur la preparation et I'emploi 
des drogues qui servent aux experiences. 3 vols. 54 plates. 
i2mo. Paris, Durand. Paris, 1770 

Practical instructions for students' use in constructing physical apparatus; 
a suggestive and helpful manual. 
— See also 31 9* 

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DB VI ATTRACTIVA 
IGNIS ELECTRICI, 

l&C VBANOMBNIS INDE PENOfiNTIBUS 

ALEXANDRI VOLT^ 

AD JOANNEM BAPTISTAM 

BECCARIAM 

BX SCHOLIS PUS 

m kEOiA TAVRtNEirSt UNltTEtLSlTATE 
MATBEMATICJE PR0FE5S0B.EM 

DISSERTATIO- EPISTOLARIS 




NOVO com, MDCCLXBC. 



Typit Odavii Staaretighi ImprelTocis Eptfcopalit . 
SuftriorttM Pacmlt*t* • 

428. yOLTA. lR*d*ctd.) 



212 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

431. Barletti, Carlo. ( ? -1780.) Nuove sperienze clcttriche secondo 

la teoria del Sig. Franklin e le produzioni del P. Beccaria. 
134 pp.+i 1. I plate. 8vo. Milano, Giuseppe Galeazzi. 

Milan, 1771 

The author describes the electrical experiments of his days and seeks to 
explain them by the one*fluid theory as propounded by Franklin. 

432. Berdoe, Marmaduke. ( .) An inquiry into the influ- 

ence of the electric-fluid in the structure and formation of 
animated beings, xxxii-l-183 pp. 4 plates. Bvo. Bath, for the 
author. Bath^ 1771 

Effect of electricity on the development of the animal organism; electricity 
penrades all media, p. 56; identical with the ether, p. 58. 

433. [Henley, William.] ( ? -1779.) Theory of electricity. (Manu- 

script) 4to. 1771 

This manuscript is an exposition by William Henley, F.ILS., of the 
theoretical views of electricity held by Major Eelet of Lismore. (See No. 

377;) 

— See also 2463. 

434*. Sigaud de la Fond, (Jean Ren6). (1740-1810.) Trait6 de 

Telectricite; pour servir de suite aux Lemons de physique. 

XXX+413 pp.+i 1. 12 plates. i2mo. Paris. Paris, 1771 

Special chapter on the relation between electric and magnetic matter, heqons 

de physique, of which the present work is a continuation, was published in 

1767. 

—See also 455. 505. 543bis. 654. 

♦35« Symcs, Richard. ( .) Fire analysed; or, The several 

parts of which it is compounded clearly demonstrated by ex- 
periments, and the manner and method of making electricity 
medicinal and healing confirmed by a variety of cures, vii 
-f-87 pp. 8vo. Bristol. Bristol, 1771 

Verbose and superficial tract; twenty-one medical cures effected by electrical 
treatment, p. 59; remarks on the number seven, p. 41. 

435t his. Beccaria, Giambattista. (1716-1781.) Elettricismo arti- 
ficiale. 1772. — Delia elettriciti terrestre atmosferica a cielo 
sereno. 1775. — Nuovi sperimenti. 1780. viii+439-fS4-f 19 pp., 
plates. 4to. Torino, nella reale stamperia. Turin, 1772-1780 
For English translation of the first two parts, see No. 457. The third part 
refers to investigations on static discharges in oil between the immersed balls 
of an electroscope. (See No. spsbis, 450.) 
— Sec also 375. 

436. Kratzenstein, Christian. (Gottlieb). (1723-1795.) Physikalische 
Briefe. I. Von dem Nutzen der Electricitaet in der 
Arzneywissenschaft. II. Beweis, dass die Seele ihren Koerper 
baue. 4th edition. 102 pp. i plate. i2mo. Halle, C. H. 
Hemmerde. Halle, 1772 

Some applications of electricity to medicine. The author was the founder of 
a system of electro-therapeutics. 
— See also 316. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

437*. Lenglet, du Fresnoy. N(icole). (1674-1755.) Methode pour 
etudier Thistoire, avec un catalogue des principaux historiens; 
accompagne de remarques sur la bonte de leurs ouvrages, et 
sur le choix des meilleures editions. Nouvelle edition par 
Drouet. 15 vols. i2mo. Paris, Debure. Paris, 1/Z2 

The author was a learned prelate and HtUrateur; brief history of yarious 
countries. Vol. xiv. contains an outline of the history of science and art. 
The first edition appeared in 17 18 under the initials N. L. du F. 

438. (Becket, John Brice). ( .) An essay on electricity, 

containing a series of experiments introductory to the study 
of that science with a view of facilitating its application and 
extending its utility in medical purposes, xv+151 pp. 8vo. 
Bristol, for J. B. Becket. Bristol, 177S 

The Franklinian theory is adopted throughout the essay. Part ii. treats of 
the medical effects of electricity. Pointed rods as lightning conductors, 
p. 133. 

439. Dalla Bella, Joao Antonio. (1730-1823.) Noticias historicas e 

practicas a cerca do modo de defender os edificios dos estra- 
gos dos raios. 88 pp. i plate. 8vo. Lisboa, na regia officina 
typografica. Lisbon, 1773 

Portuguese tract treating of the construction and protective function of 
lightning-rods. Methods of exploring the air, p. 5; Reaumur's Leyden-jar 
experiment, p. 14; experiments of de Romas, p. 2a. 

440. Dempster, George. (1735-1818.) Account of the magnetic 

mountain of Cannay. (New Annual Register, 1773, pp. 149" 
150.) 8vo. Edinburgh, 1773 

Short communication showing how a compass was affected by basaltic 
rocks. (From Trans. Soc. Antiquaries of Scotland, vol. i.). 

441. L0U8, Christian Karl. (1724-1804.) Tentamina experi- 

mentorum ad compassum perficiendum et unicuique usui tarn 
nautico quam terrestri accomodandum; ut et ad virium mag- 
neticarum quantitatem explorandam et aestimandam spectan- 
tium. iv+130 pp. 8 plates. 4to. Hafniae, Philibert. 

Copenhagen, 1773 

Work of exact, magnetic measurements. Instruments for determining 
declination, p. 7; a vibrating magnet considered as a pendulum, pp. 35, 97; 
experiments with vibrating magnets, p. 37; measurements of declination, 
p. 85; the dipping needle, p. 125. 

442. Mills, John. ( .) An essay on the weather; with 

remarks on the shepherd of Banbury's rules for judging of its 
changes; and directions for preserving lives and buildings 
from the fatal effects of lightning. Second edition, xv+127 
+viii pp. i2mo. London, for S. Hooper. London, 1773 

Efficiency of pointed conductors, p. 16; Franklin*s views adopted, p. 69. 
First edition appeared in 1770. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

443. Nairne, Edward, (i 726-1806.) Directions for using the electrical 
machine as made and sold by £. Nairne. 11 pp. i plate. 8vo. 

London, 1773 
Flap of oiled silk, p. 4; Canton's electric amalgam, p. 10. Nairne was the 
inventor of the electrical machine which bears his name. 

444* Experiments on two dipping-needles, April 21, 1772, which 

dipping-needles were made agreeable to a plan of the Rev. 
Mr. Mitchell, and executed for the board of longitude. 7 pp. 
I plate. 8vo. London, Bowycr & Nichols.. London, 1773 

The axis of a dipping-needle is supported on friction-wheels. 
— Sec also 484, 513, 518, 2470. 

445. Priestley, J(oseph). (1733-1804.) An account of a new electro- 

meter, contrived by Mr. William Henley, and of several elec- 
trical experiments made by him; in a letter from Dr. Priestley, 
F.R.S. to Dr. Franklin, F.R.S. 8 pp. i plate. 4to. London, 
W. Bowyer and J. Nichols. London, 1773 

This is the "quadrant electrometer" or common electric semaphore of our 
text-books. 
— See also 433. 

446. Wilson, B(enjamin). (1708-1788.) Observations upon light- 

ning, and the method of securing buildings from its effects, 
in a letter to Sir Charles Frederick. 4 1.+68 pp. 4to. London, 
for Lockyer Davis. London, 1773 

The author gives his reasons for differing from the other members of 
the committee appointed to consider the best method of protecting the 
Purfleet magazine against lightning. They recommended pointed conductors 
but Wilson advised conductors with knobs. The appendix contains details of 
the explosion by lightning of the powder-magazine at Brescia. 

446a. Further observations upon lightning together with some 

experiments, vii+26 pp. 4to. London, for Lockyer Davis. 

London, 1774 
The author advocates strong anti-Franklinian views. 
— See also 334. 

447. Lovett, R(ichard).. (1692-1780.) The electrical philosopher; 

containing a new system of physics founded upon the prin- 
ciple of an universal plenum of elementary fire, offered by 
way of Supplement to the Philosophical Essays by the same 
author. To which is subjoined a postscript containing stric- 
tures upon the animadversions of the Monthly Reviewer on 
the Essays, i I.+290 pp.+io 1. 2 plates. 8vo. Worcester, 
for the author. Worcester, 1774 

Work of interest and speculation on motion, the tides, cohesion and gravity 
together with contemporary views on electricity and magnetism. Remarks 
on Symmer's experiments with silk stockings; singular electrical effects 
obtained by Bridone. 

447a. Second edition. 13 I.+290 pp.-|-io 1. 2 plates. 8vo. Worcester, 

for the author. Worcester, 1777 

— See also 391. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

448. s'Gravesande, G(uillaume) J(acob). (Willem Jakob Storm van.) 

(1688- 1 742.) Oeuvres philosophiques et mathematiques ras- 
semblees et publiees par Jean Nic. Seb. Allamand, qui y a 
ajoute I'histoire de la vie et des ecrits de Tauteur. 2 vols. 
29 plates. 4to. Amsterdam, Marc Rey. Amsterdam, 1//4 

Tracts on perspective, logic, metaphysics with sketch of the life of the 
eminent Dutch physicist and philosopher. 
— See also asa. 

449. Toaldo, Giuseppe, (i 719-1797.) Dell/uso de' conduttori metallici 

a preservazione degli edifizi contro de' fulmini, nuova apologia 
colla descrizione del conduttore della pubblica specola di 
Padova. xxxii pp. i plate. 4to. Venezia, Antonio Zatta. 

Venice, 1774 

Construction of lightning-conductors; also Franklin's letter to de Saussure, 
177a. Toaldo held strong Franklinian views and urged the adoption of 
lightning-conductors for the protection of the public buildings of Venice. 

449a. Memoires sur les conducteurs pour preserver les edifices de 

la foudre. Traduits de Tltalien avec des notes et des additions 
par Mr. Barbier de Tinan. x-)-242 pp. pi. 8vo. Strasbourg, 
Heitz. Strasburg, 1779 

The author was an earnest advocate for the general use of lightning rods. 
General considerations on them; views of M. de Saussure of Geneva; 
description of the lightning-conductors of St. Marc's, Venice; committee on 
the protection of the powder magazines at Purfleet. Toaldo was appointed 
to the chair of Astronomy at Padua in 176a. 

450. Beccaria, Giacomo Battista. (1716-1781.) Della elettricita ter- 

restre atmosferica a cielo sereno osservazioni. (Dedicate a 
S. A. R. il Principe di Piemonte.) 54 pp. 4to. (Turin, 1775) 
This is the author's famous tract on the normal electricity of the atmosphere. 
Positive and negative electricity found, p. 4; observations on the electrical 
charges of clouds, p. 18; origin of atmospheric electricity, p. 3a' (See Nos. 
392bis, 435bi8, 457-) 
— See also 375. 

451. F(olic), D. L. (also Follie). (i 733-1 780.) Le philosophe sans 

pretention ou Thomme rare. Ouvrage physique, chimique, poli- 
tique et moral, par (M. D(e) L(a) F. C-L. de la Folic, nego- 
ciant). 349 pp. I plate. 8vo. Paris, Clousier. Paris, 1773 
Work of pure imagination: fanciful form of electrical machine, p. 8; 
pressure due to impact of light, p. 31; smoke driven down chimney by 
pressure due to light, p. 129. 
45a. Kies; Johann. (1713-1781.) De effectibus electricitatis in 
quaedam corpora organica. 36 pp. 4to. Tuebingae, litteris 
Sigmundianis. (Inaugural dissertation.) Tubingen, 177s 

Electricity developed in processes of vegetation. 

453. Priestley, Joseph. (1733- 1804.) History and present state of 
electricity with original experiments. Fourth edition, cor- 
rected and enlarged, xxxii+691 pp.+6 1. 8 plates. 4to. Lon- 
don, for C. Bathurst. London, 1773 
This is the first extensive history of electrical discovery and theory; it is a 
storehouse of information; first edition, 1767. (See Nos. 508, 581.) 



1—15 



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A 

SURVEY 

OF 

EXPERIMENTAL 

PHILOSOPHY, 

Confidcrcd.ifi iu 
PRESENT JSTATE OF IMPROVEMENT. 

ILLUSTRATED WITH CUT3. 

IN TWO VOLUMES. 
VOL. L 

By OLIVER GOLDSMITH, M. B. 



LONDON: 

Printed for T, Carnan and F. Newbery jun 
at Number 65, in St. Paul's Church Yard. 

MDCCLXXVI, 

458. GOLDSMIITH. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

453a. Additions to the history and present state of electricity, 

with original experiments. Second edition. iv-f52 pp. 4to. 
London, for J. Johnson. London, 1772 

Remarks on the electrical work of the author's immediate predecessors and 
contemporaries together with researches of his own, e^ecially on the energy 
of discharge of Leyden batteries. 

453b. (French translation.) Histoire de Telectricite; traduite de 

Tanglois avec des notes critiques. 3 vols. 9 plates. l2mo. 

Paris, Herissant. Paris, 1771 

The foot-notes of the translator are numerous and anti-Franklinian in 

substance. 

— See also 43a. 

454. Pringle, (Sir) John. (1707-1782.) Discourse on the torpedo; 

delivered at the anniversary of the Royal Society, Nov. 30, 
1774. 32 pp. 4to. London, 1775 

The torpedo (electrical fish) considered historically and electrically. 

455. Sigaud de la Fond, (Jean Rene). (1740-1810.) Description et 

usage d'un cabinet de physique experimentale. 2 vols. 51 
plates. 8 vo. Paris, Gueffier. Paris, 1775 

Vol. i. Experiments in general physics; vol. ii. Experiments in electricity 
and magnetism, with numerous illustrations. (See No. 543bis.) 
— See also 434. 

456. (Simmons, John). ( .) An essay on the cause of light- 

ning and the manner by which the thunder-clouds become 
possessed of their electricity; to which are added, Plain direc- 
tions for constructing and erecting safe conductors. 81 pp. 
8vo. Rochester, T. Fisher. Rochester^ 1775 

The author condemns existing theories and propounds his own, vix., that 
the electrification of clouds is due to attrition (friction), and that the 
discharge is always from the clouds down to the earth and never vice versa. 
Fifty pages are devoted to the erection and maintenance of lightning 
conductors. 

457. Beccaria, Giacomo Battista. (1716-1781.) Treatise upon arti- 

ficial electricity, in which are given solutions of a number 
of interesting electric phoenomena, hitherto unexplained; to 
which is added, An essay on the mild and slow electricity 
which prevails in the atmosphere during serene weather, iv 
+457 PP- " plates. 4to. London, for J. Nourse. London, 1776 

General treatise of considerable merit on electricity; also three letters on 

the electricity of the atmosphere in clear, serene weather. (See No. 392bis, 

435bis, 450.) 

— Sec also 375. 

458. Goldsmith, Oliver. (1728-1774,) Survey of experimental philo- 

sophy considered in its present state of improvement. 2 vols, 
ill. 8vo. London, for T. Carnan and F. Newbery jun. 

London, 1776 
Magnetism and electricity written for the general reader by the versatile 
Irish poet and naturalist. 

459. Lc Monnier, Pierre Charles. (1715-1799) Lois du magnetisme, 

comparees aux observations et aux experiences, dans les dif- 

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ferentes parties du globe terrestre, pour perfectionner la 
th^orie generale de raimant et indiquer par les courbes 
magnetiques, qu'on cherche a la mer aur les cartes reduites. 
Seconde partie, qui contient les nouvelles recherches sur la 
situation g^ographique de I'^quateur et des poles de Taimant, 
avec Tart de faire les boussoles. 168-I-40 pp. 3 maps, i plate. 
8vo. Paris, Imprimerie Royale. Paris, 1776-1778 

Inquiry into the distribution of the earth's magnetic lines together with 
a discussion of the theory of two and of four centers of magnetic force. 
The work contains considerable magnetic data. Le Monnier was an eminent 
astronomer and physicist. 

46a Schinx, Salomon. (1734- 1784.) A 2 Specimen physicum de 
electricitate. 38 pp. 4to. Turici, ex officina Gessneriana. 
(Inaugural dissertation.) Zurich, 177^ 

Doctor's thesis on electric attraction; atmospheric electricity, electxic 
theories. Von Kleist credited with the discovery of the jar condenser, 
p. xo; de Romas and the lightning kite, p. 19. 

461. Marum, Martin van. (1750-1837.) Verhandeling over het 
electrizeeren, in welke de beschryving en afbeelding v^n ene 
nieuw uitgevondene electrizeer-machine benevens enige 
nieuwe proeven uitgedagt en in't werk gestold door den 
Auteur, en Gerhard Kuyper. xiv-l-96 pp. 2 plates. 8vo. 
Groningen & Amsterdam, Yntema en Tieboel 

Groningen & Amsterdam, 1776 

General treatise on electricity; electric amalgam, p. 17; new electrical 

machine, p. 35. 

— See also 532, 560, 572, 587, 761, 2521. 

469. Delia Maniera di preservare gli edifizi dal fulmine. 22 pp. i2mo. 
Milano, G. Galeazzi. Milan, 1776 

Franklin's experiments on atmospheric electricity; use of lightning 
conductors. 

463. Cavallo, Tiberio. (1749-1809.) Complete treatise of electricity 
in theory and practice with original experiments. xvi+viii+ 
412 pp. 3 plates. 8vo. London, for E. and C. Dilly. 

London, 1777 

Original work on electricity. Electrified tourmaline, p. 25; evaporation in- 
creased by electrification, p. 65; fogs and snow electrified, p. ^^\ lightning 
conductors for buildings and ships, p. 80; jar with movable coatings, p. 325; 
results of experiments with kites, p. 366 and with pointed conductors, p. 
370; portable electroscope, p. 377. Contains extracts from the Epistola of 
Petrus Peregrinus. Cavallo, a Ix)ndon physicist of considerable ability was 
of Italian origin. (See No. 46.) 

463a. Fourth edition. Containing the practice of medical electri- 
city, besides other additions and alterations. 3 vols. (Vol. iii. 
containing the discoveries since the third edition.) 6 plates, 
8vo. London, for Dilly. London, 1793 

— See also 489, 528, 540, 648, 2471. 

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CATALOGUE OF JV HEELER GIFT 

464. Chigi, Alessandro. ( .) Lcttcra ad un amico sopra il 

fulmine caduto nel di 18 Aprile del corrente anno 1777 nella 
spranga posta nella torre del Palazzo pubblico della citta di 
Siena. 16 pp. 8vo. Siena, Luigi e Benedetto Hindi. 

Siena, 1777 

Protection of public buildingR against lightning recommended. 

465. Kirby, Thomas. ( .) Analysis of the electrical fire, 

setting forth from the lecturer's own experiments, that it 
neither attracts, nor repels; nor is attracted, or repell'd, by 
points; or, any other way, is not material nor inherent, in 
bodies nor in the clouds, etc.; together with an account of an 
uncommon effect of lightning and dissertation on the thunder 
clouds, xii-l-24 pp. 8vo. (Chatham), for the author. 

(Chatham, 1777) 

Fire and electricity are not material, p. 11; action of points on the "electric 
fire/* p. 13; curious e£Fect of lightning, p. 16; fireball, p. 19. 

466. Priestley, Joseph. (1733-1804.) A description of a chart of 

biography; with a catalogue of all the naifies inserted in it, 
and the dates annexed to them. Sixth edition, with improve- 
ments. 72 pp. 2 chronological charts. i2mo. London, for 
J. Johnson. London, 1777 
This biographical chart is a literary curiosity. The first edition appeared 
in 1765. 
— See also 422, 

467. Strong, Adam, (pseud.) The electrical eel; or, Gymnotus 

electricus by A. S. Naturalist. 111+19 pp. 4to. London, for 
J. Bew. London, 1777 

An electrical poem of little merit. 

468. The serpent's reply to the electrical eel. 22 pp. 4to. London, 

for Smith. . London, 1777 

Poem of doubtful electrical value. 

469. (Beccaria, Cesare Bonesana). (i 738-1 794.) An essay on 

crimes and punishments, translated from the Italian with a 
commentary attributed to M. de Voltaire, translated from the 
French. 191 pp. i2mo. Edinburgh, for W. Gordon. 

Edinburgh, 1778 
Chapter xlii. treats of the various branches of science in a general way. 
The author was a philosophical and political writer of note in his day. The 
French edition is translated from the Italian by A. Morellet. 

470. Brugmans, Anton. (1732-1789.) Magnetismus seu de affinita- 

tibus magneticis. Observationes academicae. viii pp.+3 1. 
+133 PP- I plate. 4to. Lugduni Batavorum, Luzac et Van 
Damme. Leyden, 1778 

Effect of moisture and various acids on magnets, p. 35; diamagneiie 
quality of bismuth, discovered by author, p. 131. 
— See also 414. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

471. Cuypere, C. ( .) Expose d'une methodc par laquelle on 

rend des disques de verre, destines a des machines electriques 
capables d'exciter Tdlectricite, dans une atmosphere humide. 
suivi d'une maniere de faire de tres-bons coussins pour 
frotter les verres des machines electriques, et de la descrip- 
tion d'un electrophore perpetuel, plus parfait que ceux dont on 
s*est servi jusqu'ici. 38 pp. 8vo. A la Haye, Gosse. 

The Hague, 1778 
General remarks on the hygroscopic qualities of glass. 

472. Fu88, Nicolaus, von. (1755-1826.) Observations et experiences 

sur les aimans artificiels principalement sur la meilleure 
maniere de les faire. 38 pp. 2 plates. 4to. St. Petersbourg. 
Imprimerie de TAcademie Imperiale des Sciences. 

SL Petersburg, 1778 
Steel bars magnetized by the methods then in Togue. 
473.* Lexell, Anders Johann. (1740-1784.) Reflexions sur Ic temps 
periodique des cometes en general et principalement sur celui 
de la comete observ^e en 1770. 36 pp. diagrams on 2 plates. 
4to. St. Petersbourg, Imprimerie de I'Academie Imperiale des 
Sciences. St. Petersburg, 1778 

The period of the comet of 1770 — known subsequently as Lexell's lost 
comet — is shown to be 5^ years. 

474. Reimanis, Jo(hann) Alb(ert) Heinr(ich). (1729-1814.) Vom 

Blitze. i. Dessen Bahn und Wuerkung auf verschiedene 
Koerper. ii. Die beschuetzende Leitung durch Metalle er- 
wogen. iii. Die Betrachtung der Wetterschlaege aus elek- 
trischen Erfahrungen crlaeutert wird. liv+678 pp. i2mo. 
Hamburg, Carl E. Bohn. Hamburg, 1778 

Lightning and its effects on various bodies; objections to the use of lightning- 
rods answered. 
— See also 591. 

475. Steavenson, Robert, (i 756-1828.) De electricitate et operatione 

ejus in morbis curandis. 35 pp. 8vo. Edinburgh, Balfour & 
Smellie. (Dissertatio inauguralis.) Edinburgh, 1778 

Dissertation on the efficacy of electricity in medicine. 

476. Swinden, Jan Hendrik van. (i 746-1823.) De paradoxo phae- 

nomeno magnetico, magnetem fortius ferrum purum quam 
alium magnetem attrahere. (Neue Philos. Abhandl. d. Baier. 
Akad. d. Wiss. Vol. i., pp. 353-388.) 4to. Muenchen. 

Munich, 1778 

Critical study of some of van Musschenbroek's magnetic experiments; 
inquiry into the nature of magnetic attraction. The author was an original 
investigator of note. 
— See also 419. 

477. Wcbcr, Joseph. (1753-1831.) Vom Luftelektrophor. (Neue 

Philos. Abhandl. d. Baier. Akad. d. Wiss. Vol. i., pp. 171- 
216.) 2 plates. 4to. Muenchen. Munich, 1778 

Description of the author's linen clectrophorus. 
— See also 486, 538, 732. 



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CATALOGUE OF IV HEELER GIFT 

478. (Wilson, Benjamin.) (1708-1788.) An account of experiments 
made at the Pantheon, on the nature and use of conductors; 
to which are added, some new experiments with the Leyden 
phial. Read at the meeting of the Royal Society. 100 pp. 
5 plates. 4to. London, for Nourse. London, 1778 

The author was member of the committee appointed in 1772 to report on 
the best means of protecting the Purfleet powder-magazine against lightning. 
He reported against pointed conductors. In 1777 he undertook the experi- 
mental investigation here detailed from which he inferred the correctness 
of his earlier views, p. 56. 
— See also 334. 

479t. Bergman, Torbern Olof. (1735-1784.) Opuscula physica et 
chemica, pleraque antea seorsim edita, jam ab auctore collecta, 
revisa et aucta. Vols. i. to iv. plates. i2mo. Holmiae; 
Upsaliae, J. Edman; Lipsiae, J. M. Mueller. 

Stockholm, Upsala, Leipzig, 1779-1787 

Work on chemistry famous in its time. The author was a Swedish 
chemist of distinction. The work is complete in six volumes; vols, iv to 
vi were edited after the author's death bj Ernest Hebenstreit. 
Vol. vi contains a full index. 

480. Degaulle, Jean Baptiste. (also Degault). (1732-1810.) De- 

scription et usage d'un nouveau compas azimutal. vii+52 pp. 
I plate. i2mo. {Havre, 1779) 

Compass for determining the altitude of the sun at any time of the day. 

481. Franklin, Benjamin. (1706-1790.) Political, Miscellaneous and 

Philosophical Pieces; Arranged under the following Heads, 
and Distinguished by Initial Letters in each leaf; General 
Politics; American Politics before the Troubles; American 
Politics during the Troubles; Provincial or Colony Politics; 
and Miscellaneous and Philosophical Pieces; now first col- 
lected, with explanatory plates, notes and an index to the 
whole, xi+567 pp. 3 plates. 7 portraits. Svo. London, for 
J. Johnson. London, 1779 

Paper on pointed conductors read before the Purfleet G>mmittee, 177a; also 
conjectures on the nature of the aurora borealis with illustrations. This 
collection was edited by Benjamin Vaughan who, for many years, was an 
intimate friend and correspondent of Franklin. 
— See also 367. 

482. Lichtenberg, Geo(rg) Christ(oph). (1741-1799.) De nova 

methodo naturam ac motum fluidi electrici investigandi. 

Commentatio prior, pp. 168-180. 3 plates. Commentatio 

posterior, pp. 65-79. 2 plates. 4to. (Commentationes Soc. 

Reg. Sci. Goettingensis.) {Gottingen, 1779) 

This work describes the author's discovery of the double electrophorus («. e., 
positive and negative electrification existing in juxtaposition); experiments 
on ^M^ figures with numerous illustrations, p. 176. 

483. Marat, (Jean Paul). (i744-i793.) Decouvertes sur le feu, I'^ec- 

tricit6 et la lumiere, constatees par une suite d'experiences 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

nouvelles. Seconde edition. 31+38 PP- 8vo. Paris, De 
Clottsier. Paris, 1779 

Scries of 130 experiments, mostly on the properties of flame. The author, 
the notorious demagogue of the French Revolution, was a physicist of some 
ability, but characteristically bitter in his attacks on theories that did not 
agree with his own. The other scientific writings of Marat are as follows: 
Rtcktrchts physiques sur filectriciU (see No. 509). M^moire sur ViUctricUi 
midicalt (see No. 534). Reckerckes physiquss sur Is feu (.202 pp., 1780); 
Dieouvertes sur la lumi^e (141 pp., 1780); Notions ilimentaires d'Optique 
(44 pp., 1784); .... Les aeronautes at V aerostation (39 pp., 1785); 
Optique de Newton, traduction nouvelle (2 vols., 192+308 pp., 1787); 
Nouvelles dicouvertes sur la lumi^e (334 pp., 1780). From 1765 to 1777 
Marat lived in England, where he published An essay on tke human soul 
(1773); A philosopkical essay on man (1773); The chains of slavery (359 
pp., 4to, 1774), and two essays on medical subjects (both 1775) also written 
in English. In 1775 the University of St. Andrews conferred on Marat the 
degree of Doctor of Medicine. The numerous books he published prior to 
the French Revolution were presumably all printed at the author's expense, 
thus indicating that his income as a physician was considerable. 
— See also 509, 534. 

Naime, Edward, (i 726-1806.) Experiments on electricity, being 
an attempt to shew the advantage of elevated pointed con- 
ductors. Read at the Royal Society, June i8th and 25th, 
1778. 40 pp. 4 plates. 4to. London, J. Nichols. London, 1779 
This palnphlet is one of several that were occasioned by the famous 
controversy of Points vs. Knobs begun in 1773 by Benjamin Wilson. 
Franklin's views were supported by Cavendish and finally adopted. 
— See also 443. 

485. Stanhope, Charles Viscount Mahon. (Third Earl). (1753-1816.) 

Principles of electricity, containing divers new theorems and 
experiments, together with an analysis of the superior ad- 
vantages of high and pointed conductors, xiv+263 pp. 6 
plates. 4to. London, for P. Elmsley. London, 177^ 

Descriptions of seventy-one experiments, with comments. The return stroke 
and function of pointed conductors explained at considerable length. 

485a. (French translation.) Principes d'^lectricitc, contenant 

plusieurs theoremes appuyes par des experiences nouvelles, 
traduit par Tabbe N. - - - (Needham). 3 I.+2S0 pp. pis. 
Londres & Bruxelles, Flon. London, Brussels, 1781 

486. Weber, Joseph. (1753-1831.) Beschreibung des Luftelektro- 

phors. 86 pp. i2mo. Augsburg, Klett Augsburg, 177^ 

Description of his important linen electrophorus together with numerous 

experiments which were made with it. 

— See also 477- 
487-|-. Wiegleb, Johann Christian. (i 732-1801.) Die natuerliche 
Magie aus allerhand belustigenden und nuetzlichen Kanst- 
stuecken bestehend. iv+416 pp.+S 1. 9 plates. 8vo. Berlin, 
Nicolai. Berlin, 1779 

Numerous experiments in electricity, magnetism, chemistry, and mechanics. 

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488.t Birch, John. (1745-1815.) Considerations on the efficacy of 
electricity, in removing female obstructions. To which is now 
added a description of the manner of applying it. Second 
edition. xv-f6o pp. 8mo. London, Cadell. London, 1780 

Medical applications of the "electric shock." 
— See also 576, 633 bis. 

489. Cavallo, Tiberio. (1749-1809.) Essay on the theory and practice 

of medical electricity. xvi-|-ii2 pp. i plate. London, for the 
author. London, 1780 

Details of the successful application of electricity to the cure of 
diseases; work of value. 
— See also 463. 

490. (Coulomb, Charles Augustin). (1756-1806.) Recherches sur la 

meilleure maniere de fabriquer les aiguilles aimant^es. (M6m. 
math, et phys. pr6sent6s i TAcad. Sc. par divers Savans. 
Vol. ix., pp. 165-264.) S plates. 4to. (Paris, 1780) 

Various methods of making magnetic needles, by the distinguished electrical 

investigator. 

— See also 5J1, 610, 2353, 2507. 

491.* Gallitsin, Dmitri Alexewitsch. (1738-1803.) Sendschreiben an 
die kaiserliche Akademie der Wissenschaften zu St. Petersburg 
ueber einige Gegenstaende der Electricitaet 56 pp. 3 plates. 
8vo. Muenster, Perrenon. Munster, 1780 

Three letters on the "attractive" power of points and on the electricity of 
the atmosphere. 

49a. Huebner, Lorenz. (1753-1807.) Abhandlung ueber die Analogic 
der electrischen und magnetischen Kraft. (Neue Philos. 
Abhandl. d. Baier. Akad. d. Wiss. Vol. ii., pp. 353-384). 
4to. Muenchen. Munich^ 1780 

Papers on the analogies between electric and magnetic forces of attraction 
and repulsion. These include the originals of the three prize essays of 
No. 49^* 

493. Lyon, John, (i 734-181 7.) Experiments and observations made 

with a view to point out the errors of the present received 
theory of electricity; and which tend in their progress to es- 
tablish a new system, on principles more conformable to the 
simple operations of nature. xxiv-|-a8o pp. 2 plates. 4to. ' 
London, for the author. London, 1780 

Franklin's theory of the Leyden jar disproved, ch. vl.; also numerous 
experiments tending to prove the correctness of the author's views. 
— See also 571. 

494. Steiglehner, Coelestin. (1738-1819.) Beantwortung der Preis- 

frage ueber die Analogic der Electricitaet und des Magne- 
tismus. (Neue Philos. Abhandl. d. Baier. Akad. d. Wiss. Vol. 
ii., pp. 229-350.) 3 plates. 4to. Muenchen. Munich, 1780 

Electricity and magnetism contrasted. (See Nos. 49a, 496a.) 

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CATALOGUE OF PV HEELER GIFT 

495. Turini, Pietro. ( .) Considerazioni intonio all' elet- 

tricita delle nubi, ed al modo di applicare i conduttori alle 
fabbriche, c di preservare dal fulmine i depositi della polvcre. 
68 pp. 4to. Venezia, C. Palesc. Venice, 1780 

The electricity of clouds; protection afforded by lightning-rods. The author 
holds to the Franklinian theory. 

496. Swinden, Jan Hendrik van. (1746-1823.) Dissertatio de ana- 

logia electricitatis'et magnetismi. (Neue Philos. Abhandl. d. 
Baier. Akad. d. Wiss. Vol. ii., pp. 1-126.) 2 plates. 4to. 
Muenchen. Munich, lySo 

Thesis on the analogy between the nature and phenomena of electricity 
with those of magnetism. (See Nos. 492, 494, 496a.) 

496-j-a.— — Recueil de memoires sur I'analogie de Telectricite et du 
magnetisme, couronnes et publics par TAcademie de Baviere. 
Traduits du Latin et de TAllemand, augmentes de notes, et de 
quelques dissertations nouvelles. (Presentation copy from 
author to C. Bonnet) 3 vols. 8vo. La Haye, Librairies As- 
socies. The Hague, 1784 

Work of considerable originality in which the laws and phenomena of 
magnetism and electricity are compared in detail, theories discussed and 
the views of Mesmer on animal magnetism criticized. The collection com- 
prises the following titles: i. Van Swinden*s prize-essay on the analogy 
between electricity and magnetism. 2. Steiglehner's prize-essay on the 
analogy between electricity and magnetism. 3. Acpinus' remarks on the 
above essays. 4. Hucbner's prize-essay on the analogy between electricity 
and magnetism. 5. Mesmer's reflections on animal electricity. 7. Van Swin- 
den's essay on the irregular movements of the magnetic needle. 

497- Memoire sur les observations meteorologiques faites en 

Franeker en Frise, pendant le courant de Tannee 1779. xxiv.+ 
336 pp. 8vo. Amsterdam, Mare-Michel Rey. 

Amsterdam, 1780 
Observations on the aurora borealis and its disturbing effect on declination 
magnets. 
— See also 419. 

498. Court de Gobelin, (Antoine). (i 725-1 784.) Monde primitif, 

analyse et compare avcc le monde moderne consider^ dans 
son genie allegorique et dans les allegories auxquclles con- 
duisit ce genie, etc. Vol. i. Remplies de decouvertes in- 
teressantes. (Complete in 9 vols. ), 4to. Paris, chez Tautheur. 

Paris, 1781 
Work of erudition: the Phcnicians credited with a knowledge of the 
compass, p. 54. 

499. Gabler, Matthias. (1736-1805.) Theoria magnetis. 144 pp. i 

plate. i2mo. Ingolstadii, J. W. Kruel. Ingoldstadt, 1781 
Inquiry into the nature of magnetism and magnetic force: declination and 
dip discussed at some length and tables given. 

500. Jones. William. (1726-1800.) Physiological disquisitions; or, 

Discourses on the natural philosophy of the elements: i. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

On matter, ii. On motion, iii. On the elements, iv. On fire. 
V. On air. vi. On sound, vii. On fossil bodies, viii. On 
physical geography; or, the natural history of the earth, 
ix. On the weather. 2 l.+xxvii+627 pp. 9 plates. 4to. London. 

London, 1781 
Slight references are made to lightning and the aurora borealis, p. 566. 
— Sec also 406. 

501. Lac6p^de, Bernard-Germain Etienne de Laville. (1756-1825.) 
Essai sur Telectricite naturelle et artificielle. 2 vols. 8vo. 
Paris, Didot jeune. Paris, 1781 

The nature of electricity and its effect; the electrophorus, the Leyden jar 
roasmetism; effects of electricity on vegetation and on comets; the zodiacal 
light and aurora borealis. 

50a. Legrand d'Aussy, Pierre Jean Baptiste. (i 737-1 800.) Fabliaux ou 
contes du xii et du xiii siecle, fables et romans du xiii, traduits, 
ou extraits d'apres divers manuscrits du temps; avec des notes 
historiques et critiques, et les imitations qui ont ete fait de ces 
contes, depuis leur origine jusqu'a nos jours. Nouvellc 
(seconde) edition, augmentee d'une dissertation sur les Trou- 
badours. 5 vols. i2mo. Paris, chez Eugene Onfroy. 

Paris, 1781 
Text of the celebrated poem of Guyot de Provitu on the magnet, written in 
the 12th century. Vol. ii., p. 185. (See No. 594*) 

503. Leidenfrost, Ludwig Christoph. ( .) Miscellanea cx- 

perimenta circa electricitatem. 36 pp. 4to. Duisburgi ad 
Rh., Fr. Ad. Benthon. (Inaugural dissertation.) 

Duisburg, 1781 
Views on electrical theory. 

504. Maggiotto, Francesco. ( .) Lettera all' illustre pro- 

fessore Giuseppe Toaldo, sopra una nuova construzione di 
macchina elettrica. xii pp. i plate. 8vo. {Venice, 1781) 

Pamphlet with illustrations of a new frictional machine. 

505. Sigaud de la Fond. (Jean Rene.) (1740-1810.) Precis historique 

et experimental des phenomenes electriques depuis Torigine 
de cette decouverte jusqu'a ce jour, xvi+742 pp. 9 plates. 
8vo. Paris, Demonville, Paris, 1781 

Work of merit in which the phenomena and laws of electricity and magnetism 
are discussed at length; electric and magnetic phenomena compared; 
application to the cure of disease; historical development. 

505a. Seconde edition, xvi pp.+2 1+624 pp.+2 1. 10 plates. 8vo. 

Paris, rue et hotel Serpente. Paris, 1785 

— See also 434. 

506. T(houvcncl, . Pierre). (1747-1815.) Memoire physique et 

medicinal, montrant des rapports evidens entre les phenomenes 
de la baguette divinatoire, du magnetisme et de Telectricite. 
304 pp. 8vo. Londres et Paris, chez Didot, jeune. 

London & Paris, 1781 
Fancied relations between magnets and the divining rod, 

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506a. Second memoire sur le meme sujet. Avec des dclaircisAe- 

mens sur d'autres objets qui y sont relatifs. Par M. T. . . 
268 pp. 8vo. Londres et Paris, chez Didot, jeune. 

Paris, 17S4 
The author seeks to employ what he calls a "neuro-electric** sense to the 
discovery of underground water-sources; use of the divining rod. 

507. Cuthbertson, John. ( .) Algemeene eigenschappen 

van de electriciteit, onderrichting van de werktuigen en het 
neemen van proeven in dezelve. Second edition. 3 vols. 13 
plates. 8vo. Amsterdam, Pieter Hayman. 

Amsterdam, 1782^1794 
Description of experiments common at the time in static electricity; aurora 
borealis. Part II, p. 43; a new electrical machine. Part III. One of the 
first, co-operating with Van Troostwijk, to decompose binary compounds. 
— See also 68i. 

508. Hooper, W(illiam). (fl. 1770.) Rational recreations, in which 

the principles of numbers and natural philosophy are clearly 
and copiously elucidated, by a series of easy, entertaining, 
interesting experiments. Among which are all those com- 
monly performed with cards. By W. Hooper. Second 
edition. 4 vols. 65 plates. 8vo. London, for L. Davis. 

London, 1782-17S3 

Chiefly a compilation from writers on recreative philosophy. The electrical 
experiments described in vol. iii. are mostly from Priestley's "History of 
Electricity." (See No. 453*) Plate i. gives an illustration of Priestley's 
machine which was occasionally turned by a windmUl placed on the top of 
the house, p. 16. The first edition appeared in 1774* 

509. Marat, (Jean Paul). (i743-i793) Recherches physiques sur 

r61ectricit6. viii+461 pp. 5 plates. 8vo. Paris, de Tlmpri- 
m6rie de Clousier. Paris, 1782 

Accepted theories are attacked and 214 experiments described which are held 
to prove the author's own theories. Many complimentary references are, 
however, made to Franklin. 
— See also 483. 

510. Nicholson, William. (1755- 181 5.) An introduction to natural 

philosophy. Illustrated with copper plates. 2 vols. 25 plates. 
8vo. London, for J. Johnson. London, 1782 

Vol. ii. contains chapters on magnetism and electricity. 
—See also 699, 2490. 

5x1. New thoughts on medical electricity; or, An attempt to discover 
the real uses of electricity in medicine, in two letters to a 
friend. 48 pp. 8vo. Sevenoaks, Clout, jr. Sevenoaks, 1782 

Remarkable cures effected by electricity; eflfects of electrification on the 
human system. 

51 ibis. Volta, A(lessandro). (1745-1827.) Del modo di render sensi- 
bilissima la piu debole elettricita sia naturale, sia artificiale. 
(Philos. Trans. Roy. Soc, Vol. 71, pp. 237-280.) 4to. 

London, 1782 
Description of the author's condensing electroscope. 

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51 ibis a. (English translation.) Of the method of rendering very 

sensible the weakest natural or artificial electricity. (Philos. 

Trans. Roy. Soc, Vol. 72, pp. vii-xxxiii.) 4to London, 1782 

— See also 428. 
51a. Behn, Friedrich Daniel. (1734-1804.) Bcschreibung einiger 

merkwuerdigen Nordlichtcr. 127 pp. i2mo. Luebeck, C. G. 

Donatius. Lubeck, 1783 

The aurora borealis as seen by the author. The appendix has observations 
on the solar eclipse of 1764, and the transit of Venus of 1769. 

Sia-j-bis. Bertholon, (Nicole). (i 742-1800.) De Telectricite des 
VcRetaux . . . Avec des figures en taille-douce. 468 pp., 3 
plates. 8vo. Lyon, chez Bernuset. Lyons, 1783 

The author states that this work may be regarded as a continuation of his 
D€ Vilectriciti du corps kutnain (see No. 533). Experiments to determine the 
effect of static electricity on the growth of plants are described. 
—See also 533» 539. 

513. Blagden, (Sir) C(harles) (i 748-1820.) and £(dward) Naime. 

(1726-1806.) Proceedings relative to the accident by lightning 
at Heckingham. 26 pp. 6 plates. 4to. London, Nichols. 

London, 1783 

The building referred to had eight pointed conductors; the views show the 
conductors (full size) and the manner in which they were joined together. 
— See also 443. 

514. Indagine, (Innocentius Libertus ab) pseud, (i.e. Johann Ludolph 

Jaeger). (i728.'*-i787.) Philosophisch — und physikalischer 
Zeitvertreib in einigen sonderbaren Materien, zu weiterer 
Betrachtung in den Nebenstunden, fuer die Naturforscher 
ausgefertiget und ans Licht gestellet von dem Naturkundiger. 
308 pp. i2mo. Nuernberg, J. A. Stein. Nuremberg, 1783 

Recreative philosophy; electric experiments, pp. 100-124; magnetic experi- 
ments, pp. 129-168. 

515. Kuehn, Carl Gottlob. (1754-1840.) Geschichte der medizinischcn 

und physikalischen Electricitaet, und der neuesten Versuche, 
die in dieser Wissenschaft gemacht worden sind. 2 vols. 6 
plates. 8vo. Leipzig, Weygand. Leipzig, 1783-178$ 

Principles of electricity; electrical machines; application for curative 
purposes. Franklin's theory of the Leyden-jar discussed at length; lightning- 
rods; atmospheric electricity. Vol. ii. is also known under the title: 
Versuch einer vollstaendigen Geschichte der medizinischen Electricitaet, 
Oder von der Anwendung der Electricitaet auf die Heilkunde. In 
1 796- 1 797 a continuation appeared: Die neuesten Entdeckungen in der 
physikalischen und medizinischen Electricitaet. 

516. Ledru, N(icolas) P(hilippe). (1731-1807.) Rapport de MM. 

Cosnier, Maloet, Darcet, Philip, Le Preux, Desessartz et 
Paulet. Sur les avantages reconnus de la nouvelle methode 
d'administrer Telectricite dans les maladies nerveuses particu- 
lierement dans Tcpilepsie et dans la catalepsie, par M. Le- 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

dru, dit Comus. Ce rapport est precede de Tapergu du 
systeme de I'auteur sur Tagent qu'il emploie et des avan- 
tages qu'il en a tires. Imprime par ordre et aux frais 
du gouvernement. 2I.+115 pp. 8vo. Paris, C. D. Pierres. 

Paris, 1783 
Medical effects of electricity on nervous disorders as claimed by the 
author. 

517. Milner, Thomas. (i7i9-i797.) Experiments and observations 

in electricity, xvi+iii pp. 2 plates. 8vo. London, for T. 
Cadell. London, 1783 

Peltier's electroscope anticipated, p. 35; Franklin's "ice-pail" experiment, 
p. 99; steel magnetized by lightning, p. 108. This is "one of the rarest 
electrical tracts, which I know of — and well worthy of perusal. I have met 
with only two copies after 38 years of diligent search." (Latimer Clark, 
July, 1888.) 

518. Nairne, (Edward), (i 726-1806.) The description and use of 

Nairne's patent electrical machine; with the addition of some 
philosophical experiments and medical observations. 62 pp. 
5 plates. 8vo. London, for Nairne. London, 1783 

This machine, described in text-books, was originally designed for medical 

purposes. 

518a. Another edition. 68 pp. 5 plates. 8vo. London, for Nairne. 

London, 1787 
— See also 443. 

519.* Adams, George (the younger). (1750-1795.) Essay on elec- 
tricity, in which the theory and practice of that useful science 
are illustrated by a variety of experiments; to which is added 
an Essay on magnetism, xvi-f-367 pp. 6 plates. 8vo. London, 
for the author. London, 1784 

This is a collection of electrical experiments. The doublt burr, p. 119; 
sewing needle magnetized and magnet demagnetized by Leyden-jar discharge, 
p. 120; Wilcke's electrophorus of 1762, p. 170; Beccaria on atmospheric 
electricity, p. 205; Cavallo*s atmospheric electroscope, p. S2i. 

Sig-j-a. An essay on electricity, explaining the principles of that 

useful science; to which is added a letter to the author from 
John Birch on the subject of electricity. Fourth edition. 
xi+588 pp. 6 plates. 8vo. London. London, 1792 

Experiments bearing on all known electric phenomena with explanations 
according to current theories. Bennet's original eltctroscopt; Nicholson's 
douhler; Volta's and Wilcke's electrophorus; medical electricity. The 
illustrations, 128 in number, are of interest. 

519b. Fifth edition, with corrections and additions by William 

Jones, xii+594 pp. 6 plates. London, W. & S. Jones. 

London, 1799 

520. Cassini, (Jean Dominique). (1748-1845.) Observations sur 
les variations diurnes de I'aiguille aimantee. (Lettre i Tauteur 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

du Journal de Physique.) 64 pp. 2 plates. 4to. Paris, L. P. 
Courset. Paris, 1784 

Detailed description of needles used for determining magnetic declination; 
declination in Paris from 1666, in which year it was zero. Cassini was 
one of the leading astronomers of his time. 

Sai. Coulomb, (Charles Augustin.) (1736-1806.) Recherches 
theoriques et experimentales. Sur la force de torsion et sur 
r^lectricite des fils m6talHques. (Mem. de TAcad. Sci. pp. 229- 
269.) 2 plates. 4to. Paris, 1784 

Qassic paper hy the eminent French engineer and physicist on the coefficient 
of torison of wires, in which it is shown that the farce of torsion is pro- 
portional to the angle of torsion. 
See also 490. 

5aa.t Gardini, Giuseppe Francesco, (i 740-1816.) De influxu elec- 
tricitatis atmosphericae in vegetantia. xviii+iS? PP* 8vo. 
Augustae Taurinorum. Turin, 1784 

Numerous observations on atmospheric electricity in its relation to the time 
of day and state of weather. 

523. Landrianiy Marsiglio. ( ? -1816?) Dell' utiliti dei conduttori 

elettrici. Dissertatione. xxiv-|-304 pp. i plate. 8vo. 

iMilan, 1784) 
Function of lightning conductors. Natural and artificial electricity, p. 11; 
Franklin's experiments, p. 43; construction of a lightninc*rod, p. 78; 
objections answered; letters from de Saussure, Toaldo and others. 

524. (Marat, Jean Paul.) (i 744-1 793.) M6moire sur r61ectricit6 

m^dicale. 8+1 1 1 pp. 8vo. Paris, M6quignon. Paris, 1784 

This is one of the early books on medical electricity. The author minutely 
describes a great number of applications that he made of positive and 
negative electricity on himself and others. He refers to persons killed by 
lightning and adds many curious observations on cats, dogs and pigeons 
which he electrocuted. 
— See also 483. 

525. Tirabotchi, G(irolamo.) (1731-1794.) Histoire de la litt^rature 

d'ltalie tiree de Tltalien de Tiraboschi et abr6g6e par An- 
toine Landi. 5 vols. 8vo. Berne, De Burne Tain^. 

Bern, 1784 
This translation is an abridgment of the great work of the Italian Jeanit 
and bibliographer on the literature of Italy; it contains many references 
to the history of the mariner's compass. 

526.* M^moires concernant diverses questions d'astronomie, de navi- 
gation et de physique. xvi-|-32 pp. plates. 4to. Paris. 

Paris, 1784 
One of the papers contains observations on the accepted theory of winds; 
a second, observations on the annual change in magnetic declination made 
at Issy near Paris in 1779. 

527. Bruno de (Introducteur des Ambassadeurs du Cte. d'Artois) 

( .) Recherches sur la direction du fluide magnetique 

dedi^s a Monsieur, frere du Roi. viii. 206 pp. 8 plates. i2mo. 
Amsterdam, chez Gueffier. Amsterdam, 178$ 

An effort to show that the accepted theories in magnetism are untenable 

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R EC H E R C H E S 

THEORIQUES ET EXP£RIMENTALES 

Sur lit farce it torpan,^ ir fur filafticiti des fls 
de mital: Application de cette thiarie a I'emploi 
des tnitaux dans les Arts & dans differentes 
experiences de Phyfqm l Conjlru&iart de diffirentes 
balances de torfion, pour mefwer ks plus petits 
degrh de force. Ohfervations fir les loix de 
relajliciti & de la coherence. 

Par M. Coulomb. 



C£ M^moire ji deux objets ; le premier, de determiner 
ia force daftique de torfion .des fils de fer & de 
laiton , relativement i ieur longueur , \ leur grofleur > & 
i leur degr^ de tenfiom J'avob d^ji eu befbin, dans un 
M^moirefur les Aiguilles aimant^s > imprim^ 4ans le 
neufiime volume Ms Savans Strangers, de determiner la force 
de torfion d^ds cheveux & 6t% foijis ; mais je ne m'^ois point 
occupy Ats fils de m^tal , parce que Tobjet utile i/mes 
recherches , n'^toit pour lors que de choilir , k forces ^gaJest 
les fufpenfions les plus flexibles » & que j'avois trouvl aue 
les fils de foie avolent incomparablement plus de flexibility 
que les fils de m^tal. Le fecond objet de ce M^moire , eft 
a^^valuer TiiAperfeAion de la'r^aAion daftique des fUs de 
m^tal , & d'examiner quellea font les confequences que 
fon en peut tirer, relativement aiix loix de ki jrofe^rence 
& de rdaftidt^ des corps. 

521. COULOMB, (Reduced.) 
1—16 233 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

because based on erroneous or faulty experiments. There is but one 
universal fluid {the ether) susceptible of modification, it suffices to explain 
all natural phenomena, p. 196. The diagrams of the magnetic field are 
worthy of notice. 

528. Cavallo, (Tiberio). (1749-1809.) Magnetical experiments and 
observations. (Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc, Vol. 72, pp. 62-80.) 4to. 

London, 1785 
The Bakerian lecture, 1785 (founded by Henry Baker, Esq.) The author 
finds that brass "which is often magnetic does not owe its magnetism to 
iron but to some particular configuration of its component particles, 
occasioned by the usual method of hardening it, which is by hammering." 
— See also 463. 

539. Franklin, Benjamin. (1706-1790), and others. Report of Dr. 
Benjamin Franklin, and other Commissioners, charged by the 
King of France, with the examination of the Animal Mag- 
netism as now practiced at Paris. Translated from the French 
with an Historical Introduction. xx-|-io8 pp. i2mo. London, 
for Johnson. London, 1785 

The Commissioners found that "the existence of the fluid (animal magnetism) 
is absolutely destitute of Proof" p. 106. 
— See also 367. 

530. Kratzer, Joseph Anton, (i 748-1 796.) (also Krazer). Praktische 

Ausmessung und Berechnung der Felder auf eine sehr ein- 
fache und fassliche Art entworfen. 31 pp. tab. i2mo. Graz. 
Ferstl. Gratz, 1785 

A short treatise on mensuration. 

531. M(ercier dc St. L^ger, Barthelemi). (1734-1799.) Notice raison- 

nee des ouvrages de Caspar Schott, contenant des observa- 
tions curieuses sur la Physique experimental, I'Histoire na- 

turelle et les arts par M. Abb6 M (Barth^lmi Mercier). 

108 pp. i2mo. Paris, chez Lagrange. Paris, 1785 

Reference is made, p. 28 to Porta's "Magia Naturalis"; (See No. 47); mag- 
netic signaling is condemned as absurd, p. 128. 

532. Marum, Martin van. (i 750-1838.) Beschryving eener ongemeen 

groote electrizeer-machine, geplaatst en Tevler's Museum te 
Haarlem, en van de proefneemingen met dezelve in't werk 
gesteld. 2 vols. 17 plates. 4to. Haarlem, Joh. Enschede. 

Harlem, 1783-1787 
The author's great electrical machine described, p. 2; his mammoth Leyden 
battery, p. 154; deflagration of metals, p. 164; magnetizing effect of power- 
ful discharges, p. 168. Contains some of the earliest experiments of the 
action of electric discharge on gases and of the electric smelting of metals. 
The book is in French and in Dutch; the plates are of interest. 
— See also 461, 

533't Bcrtholon, (Nicole), (i 742-1800.) De Telectricite du corps 
humain dans Tetat de sante et de maladie. Ouvrage couronne 
par I'Academie de Lyon, dans lequel on traite de I'electricite 
de I'atmosphere, de son influence et des effets sur Teconomie 
animale, des vertus medicales de Telectricite, des decouvertes 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

modernes, et des differentes methodes d'61ectrisation; avec 
un grand nombre de figures en taille-douce. Second edition. 
2 vols. 6 plates. 8vo. Paris, Croulbois. Paris, 1/86 

In this second edition of a work that interested scientific as well as medical 
men, there is much about atmospheric electricity and its effects on the 
human syatem; also applications of positive and negative electricity to the 
cure of diseases. Historical frictional machines, vol. ii., p. 214. 
— See also 5i2bi8. 

534. Bohnenberger, Gottlieb Christian. (1732-1807.) Fortgesezte 

Beschreibung einer sehr wirksamen Elektrisir-Maschine von 
ganz neuer Erfindung und einiger zur elektrischen Praxis 
gehoerigen Werkzeuge mit angehaengten Versuchen. no pp. 
6 plates. i2mo. Stuttgart, bey Johann B. Mezler. 

Stuttgart, 1786 

Illustrated description of a new electrical machine with prime conductor 
carrying rows of Points, 
— See also 581. 

535. Elliot, John. (1747-1787.) Elements of the branches of natural 

philosophy connected with medicine, viz. chemistry, optics, 
acoustics, hydrostatics, electricity, and physiology. Second 
edition. xvi+33i pp. 2 plates, 2 tables. 8vo. London, for J. 
Johnson. London, 1786 

A short chapter on electricity beginning p. 199. 

536. Silberschlag, J(ohann) E(saias). (1721-1791.) Systema incli- 

nationis et declinationis utriusque acus magneticae. (Mem. 
de TAcad. d. Sc. Berlin, pp. 87-148.) 11 plates, 4to. 

Berlin, 1786-1787 
Remarks on the use of the dip and declination needles. 

537. Tressan, (Louis Elisabeth de la Vergne). (1705-1783.) Essai sur 

le fluide electrique considere comme agent universel. 2 vols. 
i2mo. Paris, chez Buisson. Paris, 1786 

Discursive work in which electricity is connected with the processes of the 
animal and vegetable worlds as well as with most natural phenomena from 
lightning and volcanic action to the aurora borealis and zodiacal light. 

538. Weber, Joseph. (1753-1831.) Ueber den Werth der Luft- 

maschinen. 44 pp. 3 plates. i2mo. Dillingen & Ulm, Wohler. 

Dillingen & Ulm, 1786 
A discourse on the art of ballooning. 
— See also 477. 

539.* Bertholon, (Nicole). (1742-1800.) De Telectricite des m^t^orcs. 
Ouvrage dans lequel on traite de I'electricit^ naturelle en 
general et des Meteores en particulier. 2 vols. 6 plates. 8vo. 
Paris, chez Croulbois. Paris, 1787 

Natural phenomena connected with electricity including earthquakes, vol- 
canoes, hail, and waterspouts. Efficacy of conductors with points and with 
knobs. Details of experiments by d*Alibard, de Romas, Beccaria and 
others. Pernicious practice of ringing bells on the approach of a storm, 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

Vol. i., p. 170; cases of polarity^reTersal of compass needles in a storm, 
vol. ii.. p. 373. 
— See also siaUs. 

540. Cavallo, Tiberio. (1749-1809.) Treatise on magnetism in theory 

and practice, with original experiments, xii-l-343 pp. 2 plates. 
8vo. London, for T. Cavallo. London, 1787 

Discovery of the directive property of the magnet, p. 45; claims of the 
Chinese, p. 47; discovery of declination, p. 50; magnetic properties of 
brass, p. 283 ; of platinum, p. 300 ; of red-hot iron, p. 311; causes of magnetic 
declination, p. 324. (See No. 2645.) 

540a. Third edition, with a supplement. xi+32S pp. 3 plates. 8vo. 

London, Jones. London, 1800 

The supplement contains the Latin text of parts of the letter of Peregrinus 
on the magnet, A. D. 1269, accompanied by a free translation. (See 
No. 46.) 

540b. (German translation). Theoretische praktische Abhandlung 

der Lehre vom Magnet. Aus dem Englischen. 206 pp. 2 
plates. 8vo. Leipzig, Schwickert. Leipsig, 1788 

— See also 463- 

541. Hauey, Rene Just. (1743-1822.) Exposition raisonnee de la 

theorie de r^lectriciti ct du magnet'sme, d'aprcs les principes 
de M. Aepinus. xxvii+238 pp. 4 plates. 8vo. Paris, chez la 
veuve Desaint. Paris, 1787 

Work on electrical theory by Abb^ Hauey, celebrated French mineralogist 
and physicist: he adopts the one-fluid theory as modified by Aepinus; 
Coulomb's torsion-balance to establish the laws of electric and magnetic 
attraction and repulsion, pp. 39, 184; electrification of tourmaline, ruby, 
topaz, p. 95; return shock, p. X05. 
—See also 684. 

54a. Kitz, Friedrich Casimir. ( .) Dissertatio sistens elec- 

tricitatis in medicina usum et abusum. 92 pp. i2mo. Goettingae 
(Inaugural dissertation.) Gottingen, 1787 

Dissertation on electric force, atmospheric electricity; medical applications 
of electricity, with bibliography. 

543. Lowndes, Francis. ( .) Observations on medical elec- 
tricity containing a synopsis of all the diseases in which 
electricity has been recommended or applied with success; 
likewise pointing out a new and more eflficacious method of 
applying this remedy by electric vibrations. 51 pp. 8vo. 
London, D. Stuart. London, 1787 

Synopsis of complaints in which electrical application had been found to be 
of some advantage. 
543'|- bis. Sigaud dc la Fond, (Jean Ren6). (1740-1810.) fil6mens de 
physique th^orique et experimentale, pour servir de suite i la 
description & Tusage d'un cabinet de physique experimentale. 
Seconde Edition, revue et augmentee par M. Rouland. 4 vols. 
xxx\i+63S+567+S7^+^^2 pp., portrait, plates, 8vo. Paris, 1787 
Electricity is treated in the second half of vol. iv. The work of which this 
is a continuation. Description & usage d'un cabinet de physique, was pub- 
lished in 1775. (Sec No. 455.) 
— See also 434. 

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finpji- 



//. fJ. d^i4/azicl de la Pan a, anaefi ^V7« 
/Vi^ffue eapertinentaU crt /t/^m>ef'/ife^ Je /a 

543-|'bi8. SEGAUD DE LA FOND, Portrait of author. 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

544. Wakeley, Andrew. ( .) The mariner's compass recti- 

fied with a description of the most useful instruments in prac- 
tice in the art of navigation, also a table of latitude and longi- 
tude of places, enlarged by J. Atkinson, the whole revised by 
John Adams. 272 pp. 8vo. London, for Mount and Page. 

London, 1787 

Detailed use of the compass in navigation; a handbook for seamen. 

544&* Another edition, with additions by J. Atkinson, the whole 

revised by John Adams. 279 pp. i2mo. London, for Mount 
and Davidson. London, lygd 

545. Drury, O'Brien. ( .) Observations on the magnetic 

fluid. (Trans. Roy. Irish Acad., 1788, pp. 1 19-120.) 4to. 

Dublin, 1788 
The author of the paper recommends covering compass-needles with a 
casing of thin, soft iron, the better to preserve their magnetism. 

$46. Lo-Looz, Robert de. (1730-1786.) Recherches sur les influences 
solaires et lunaires pour prouver le magnetisme universel. 4 
parts. 7 plates. 8vo. Londres et Paris, Couturier. Paw, 1788 
Work on cosmical magnetism in which the speculative element pre- 
dominates. 

547. Pr6vo8t, Pierre, (i 751-1839.) De Torigine des forces magne- 

tiques. xxiii+231 pp. 2 plates. i2mo. Geneve, chez Barde. 

Geneva, 1788 

Magnetism due to two fluids, which are self -repellent but mutually 
attractive. Terrestrial magnetism and the great central magnet, p. aoo. 
The author of this work is the Swiss physicist to whom we are indebted 
for the ''theory of exchanges" in heat, which bears his name. 
— See also 2444. 

548. Ribright, Thomas. ( .) Curious collection of experi- 

ments, to be performed on the electrical machines. Second 
edition enlarged and improved. 24 pp. 2 plates. 8vo. London, 
Steel. London, 1788 

549. Ussher, H(enry). (1743-1790.) An account of an Aurora Borealis 

seen in full sunshine. (Trans. Roy. Irish A.cad. vol. 11., pp. 

189-191). 4to. Dublin, J788 

Note on the connection between terrestrial magnetism and the aurora 
borealis. 

550. An account of some observations made with a view to ascer- 
tain whether magnifying power or aperture contributes most 
to the discerning small stars in the day. (Trans. Roy. Irish 
Acad. vol. i., pp. 37-42.) 4to. Dublin, 1788 

551. Troostwijk, Adrian Pacts van (1752-1837), and C(ornelius) 
R(udolph) T(heodor) Van KraycnhofF. (1758-1840.) De Tap- 
plication de I'elcctricite a la physique et a la medicine. (Trans- 
lated by Jan Hendrik van Swinden.) xii-f-3i9PP- 4 plates. 4to. 
Amsterdam, chez D. F. Changuin. Amsterdam, 1788 

This work written in 1786, is an inquiry into the nature of lightning, St. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

Elmo's fire, rain and fogs. The influence of electricity on vegetation is 
considered; also theory and application of electricity as used for medical 
purposes. \'au Troostwijk was, according to Ostwald, the first to decompose 
with certainty a chemical compound electrically, in 1789. 

55a. Bennet, A(braham). (1750-1799.) New experiments on electri- 
city, wherein the causes of thunder and lightning as well as the 
constant state of positive and negative electricity in the air 
or clouds are explained, with experiments on the clouds of 
powders and vapours artificially diffused in the air, also a 
description of a doubler of electricity, and of the most sensible 
electrometer yet constructed, with other new experiments and 
discoveries in the science, illustrated by explanatory plates. 
141 pp. 4 plates. 8vo. Derby, J. Drewry. Derby, i/8p 

Bennet*8 electroscope, p. 18; his doubler , p. 76; electricity of powders, p. 22; 
flames used for determining the electric condition of the atmosphere, pp. jj, 
103; the aurora borealis stated to be an electrical phenomenon, p. 104. 
— See also 2483- 

553. Brook, A(braham). (fl. 1789.) Miscellaneous experiments 
and remarks on electricity, the air-pump and the barometer; 
with the description of an electrometer of a new construction. 
xiii+2ii pp. 2 plates. 4to. Norwich, for J. Johnson. 

Norwich^ 1789 
Description of the author's electrometer for quantitative measurements; the 
fracture and repair of Leyden jars; paper and tinfoil used for coatings, 
p. 96; experiments made during an aurora borealis, p. no. 
— See also 2480. 

554't Calandrelli, Giuseppe, (i 749-1827.) Ragionamento sopra il 
conduttore elettrico quirinale. xxxvi pp. i2mo. Bologna. 

Bologna, 1789 

G>nstruction and function of lightning conductors with numerous refer- 
ences: views of Franklin, Beccaria, Lord Mahon; Franklin's Lightning Kite 
experiment, June, 1752; that of de Romas, July, 1753. 

555. (Darwin, Erasmus). (1731-1802.) The botanic garden, a poem 

in two parts; Part i. The economy of vegetation. Part ii. 
The loves of the plants. Third edition. 2 vols. 4to. London. 

London, 1789-1795 

This is the principal work of Darwin, poet and physiologist; it contains 
numerous footnotes having reference to electrical phenomena. 
— See also 621, 2456. 

556. Deiman, J(ohann) R(udolph). (1743-1808.) Beschryving van 

eene electrizeer-machine. viii-f93 pp. 2 plates. 4to. Amster- 
dam, W. Holtrop. Amsterdam, 1789 
Description of an electrical machine, with several pairs of plates. 

557. McCuUoch, K(enneth). ( .) An account of the new 

improved sea compasses made by K. McCulloch. With re- 
ports of their practical utility founded on some years ex- 
perience by (Captain) Philip d'Auvergne and other scientific 
gentlemen. 30 pp. 3 plates. 8vo. London, Carpenter. 

London, 1789 
Remarks on the steering and azimuth oompaaiei. 

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558. Meredith, Nicholas. ( .) Considerations on the utility 

of conductors for lightning in which the nature and properties 
of the lightning are explained, viii-l-45 pp. i plate. 8vo. 
London, for the author. London, 1789 

Usefulness of lightning conductors; action of points; fireballs, p. 14. 

559. Pascual, Antonio Raymundo. (i 708-1 791.) Descubrimiento de 

la aguja nautica, de la situacion de la America, del arte de 
navegar, y de un nuevo metodo para el adelantamiento en las 
artes y ciencias. 320 pp. Sm. 4to. Madrid, Manuel Gonzales. 

Madrid, 1789 
The author argues at length that Raymond Lully in 1272 discovered the 
directive power of the magnet and its use in navigation; also that Lully's 
reasons for believing in the existence of a Western continent were known 
to Columbus. 

560. Manim, Martin van. (1750-1837.) Description des frottoirs 

electriques d'une nouvelle construction, dont Teffet surpasse 
de beaucoup celui des frottoirs ordinaircs. (Lcltre a M. 
le Chev. Marsilio Landriani). 8 pp. 4to. Haarlem. 

Harlem, 1789 
A new form of rubber for frictional machines. 
561.— — Nader bericht van Dr. van Marum, wegens zyne nicuwe elec- 
trische wryvers. (Algemene Konst-en Letter-Bode. Part ii., 
PP- 155-156.) 4to. Harlem, 1789 

Jitter in which the author's frictional machine is described. 
— See also 461. 

56a. Churchman, John. (1753-1805.) Explanation of the magnetic 
atlas, or, variation chart, hereunto annexed, projected on a 
plan entirely new by which the magnetic variation on any part 
of the globe may be precisely determined for any time past, 
present, or future and the variation and latitude being accu- 
rately known, the longitude is of consequence truly deter- 
mined. 46-I-5 pp. 2 tables. 8vo. Philadelphia, James & John- 
son. Philadelphia, 1790 
Causes of magnetic variation, p. 33. The tables give the position of the 
earth's magnetic poles for a period of 400 years. The appendix contains 
letters from Thomas Jefferson, and Sir Joseph Banks. 
— rSee also 588. 

563. Fromcry, Nic(olaus) Corn(elis) de. (1770-1844.) De fulmine. 
100 pp. I plate. 4to. Lugduni Batavorum, S. & J. Luchtmans. 
(Inaugural dissertation.) Leyden, 1790 

Origin of atmospheric electricity: lightning, thunder, protection of houses; 
Franklin's electrical work appraised. 

5d4t. Chictle, Johann Conrad. (i747- ? •) Beschreibung verschiede- 
ner Elektrisirmaschinen zum Gebrauch fuer Schulen. xxxiv 
-I-312 pp. II plates. i2mo. Leipzig & Nuernberg, Schneider. 

Leipsig & Nuremberg, 1790 

Short history of electricity with copious references and a bibliography, 
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The whole work consists of three parts: Parts i. & ii. also known under 
the title: Beschreibung cincs mathematischen und physikalischcn Instru- 
menten-Kabinets; and part iii., Beschreibung elektrischer Instrumente. 

565. Priestley, Joseph. (1733-1804.) Experiments and observations on 

different kinds of air* and other branches of natural philos- 
ophy, connected w«th the subject. In three volumes, being 
the former six volumes abridged and methodized. With many 
additions. 3 vols. 9 plates. Birmingham, Thomas Pearson. 

Birmingham, lygo 
The discoveries described in this work established Priestley's reputation as 
a chemist and philosopher of eminence. The first edition, in three vols., 
appeared in 1774. 

565a. (French translation.) Experiences et observations sur dif- 

ferentes especes d'air. Ouvrage traduit de Tanglois par 
(Jacques) Gibelin. 3 vols. 9 plates. i2mo. Paris, Nyon. 

Paris, 1782-1783 
— Sec also 42:1. 

566. Segnitz, Friedrich Ludwig. ( — - — .) De electricitate animali 

quam dicere solent magnetismum animalem. 34 pp. 4to. 
Jenae, typis Goepfertii. (Inaugural dissertation.) Jena^ 17^ 
Dissertation on the curative power of electricity, followed by biographical 
notes of the author. 

567. Summary view of the general principles of electricity. Ixxvi 

pp. I plate. 8vo. (/7P3?) 

The supplement contains an extract from de Saussure's observations on 
atmospheric electricity; also description of the famous Harlem frictional 
machine, and experiments on the electric light in vacuo by William Morgan. 

568. Boeckmann, Johann Lorenz. (1741-1802.) Ueber die Blitz- 

ableiter. Eine Abhandlung auf hoechsten Befehl des Fuersten 
ausgearbeitet. 80 pp. i2mo. Carlsruhe, M-. Macklot. 

Carlsruhe, (179O 
Construction of lightning-rods: historical notes. 

569.1 Condorcet, Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas Caritat, Marquis de. 
(1734-1794.) £loge de M. Franklin, lu a la stance publique 
de TAcademie des Sciences, le 13 Nov. 1790- 42 pp. i2mo. 
Paris, Pyre. Paris, 1791 

Appreciation of the character and work of Franklin by the celebrated French 
philosopher. 

570. Galvanic Luigi. (i737-i798.) De viribus electricitatis in motu 
musculari, Commentarius. 58 pp. 4 plates. 4to. Bononiae, ex 
typographia Instituti Scientiarum. Bologna, 17^1 

First and very rare publication of Galvani on the electrical irritation of 
the nerves which led to the famous controversy between Galvani and Volta. 

570a, Another edition. Cum Aldini dissertatione et notis. Ac- 

cesserunt epistolae ad animalis electricitatis theoriam perti- 
nentes. xxv-|-8d pp. 3 plates. 4to. Mutinae, apud Societatem 
typographicam. Modena, 1792 

Galvani's paper is preceded by Aldini's celebrated dissertation on animal 
electricity. (See Nos. 575, 577, 578.) 

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ALOYSII GALVANI 

In dcnmcnsi Atciig/mnasioy & butituto ScUntimm 

Publics Professaris^ Anaumifi Emeriti^ 

Acadcmici Bcnedtami 

DE VIRIBUS ELECTRICITATIS 
IN MOTU. MUSCULARI 

COMMENTARIUS 
CUM 

JOA NNIS ALDINI 

DISSERTATIONE ET NOTIS. 

Acccsserunc Episcols ad animalts elcdrickatis 
cheoriam pcrcinentes. 



•**^*^ 



MUTINiE MDCCXCII. 

Apud Sqcibtatem Typoghaphicam. 
Suf nigrum fcrmiisu • 

575. ALDINI. (Reduced.) 
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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

57ob. (German translation.) Abhandlung ueber die Kraeftc der 

thierischen Elektricitaet auf die Bewegung der Muskeln nebst 
einigen Schriften von H. H. Valli, Carminati und Volta ueber 
eben diesen Gegenstand. Uebersetzt und herausgegeben von 
D. Johann Mayer, xxviii-l-183 pp. 4 plates. i2mo. Prag, J. 
G. Calve. Prague, 1793 

— See also 575, 606, 999, 1798. 

571. Lyon, John, (i 734-181 7.) Remarks on the leading proofs offered in 
favour of the Franklinian system of electricity, with experi- 
ments to shew the direction of the electric effluvia, visibly 
passing from what has been termed negatively electrified 
bodies. 47 pp. 3 plates. 8vo. London, J. Phillips. 

London, 1791 

The author controverts the Franklinian theory of the Leyden jar and holds 
that glass is permeable to electric effluvia; electricity of the atmoq»here; 
negative electrification regarded as the more important; positive and 
negative brushes distinguished. 
— See also 493. 

57a. Mamm, Martin van. (1750-1837.) La description d'une machine 
electrique, construite d'une manicre nouvelle et simple, et 
qui reunit plusieurs avantages sur la construction ordinaire. 
(Lettre i M. Jean Ingenhousz). 4 pp. 2 plates. 4to. 

{Harlem) y 1791 
Illustrated description of the Harlem electrical machine. 

573. Lettre a M. Berthollet contenant la description d'lln gazo- 

metre, construit d*une manicre differente de celui de Lavoisier 
& Meusnier et d'un appareil pour faire tres exactement 
Texp^rience de la composition de I'cau, par combustion con- 
tinuelle, avec plus de facilite et moins de frais. 4 pp. 2 plates. 
4to. Harlem, 1791 

Apparatus for the decomposition of water by means of heat. 
— See aiso 461. 

574. Aberg, Ulrich Johann. ( — - — .) Comparatio inter vim 

magneticam, et electricam. 20 pp. 4to. Lundae, (Inaugural 
dissertation.) Lund^ 1792 

Electric and magnetic "matter;** effect of polar aurorae on the compass- 
needle. 

575. Aldini, G(iovanni). (1762-1834.) De animalis electricae theoriae 

ortu atque incrementis. xxvi pp. 4to. (Dissertatio.) Mutinae, 
apud Societatem typographicam. Modena, 1792 

Original work on animal electricity; Aldini upheld the views of Galran!, 
his uncle* on animal magnetism. 
— See also 570a, 644, 660, 754. 

576. Birch, John. (1745-1815.) Letter to Mr. George Adams on the 

subject of medical electricity. 57 pp. 8vo. London. 

London, 1792 
Account of experiments in medical electricity extending over twelve years; 

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details of numerous cures. "I shall hope that an electrical machine may 
hereafter be considered an instrument of surgery" p. 57. 
—See also 488. 

577.t Brngnatelli, Luigi Valentino. (1761-1818.) Memorie suU' elet- 
triciti animale inserite nel Giornale Fisico-medico del Sig. 
Brugnatelli. 147 pp. 8vo. Favia, B. Comini. Pavia, 1792 

This volume contains a letter from Galvani on animal electricity and 
three memoirs by Volta on the same subject, all of which were published by 
Brugnatelli in his Giornale "Fisico-Medico." (See No. 570a.) 

578. Carminati, Bassiano. (1750-1830.) Lettera al Signor Luigi 

Galvani. (SuH' elettriciti animale.) (Aldini, "De viribus 
electricitatis in motu musculari/' pp. Q7-70). 4to. Mutinae, 
Comes. Modena^ 1792 

Carminati's letter is followed by an answer from Galvani. (See No. 575.) 

579. RobertBon, William. (1721-1793.) Historical disquisition con- 

cerning the knowledge which the Ancients had of India; and 
the progress of trade with that country prior to the discovery 
of the passage to it by the Cape of Good Hope. With an 
appendix containing observations on the civil policy, the laws 
and judicial proceedings, the arts, the sciences and religious 
institutions of the Indians. viii-|-366 pp. 2 maps. i2mo. Basil, 
Tourneisen. Basle^ 179^ 

The Scotch historian gives on p. 22% reasons for believing that the compass 
was unknown to the Arabs and Chinese. 

580. Young, A(rthur). (1741-1820.) Travels during the years 1787, 

1788, and 1789, undertaken more particularly with a view of 
ascertaining the cultivation, wealth, resources, and national 
prosperity of the Kingdom of France, v+566 pp. maps. 4to. 
Bury St. Edmunds. J. Rackham. Bury St. Edmunds, 1792 

Words transmitted electrically by means of pith-balls, p. 188. 

580a. (French translation.) Voyages en France, pendant les ann^s 

1787, 1788, 1789 et 1790. Entrepris plus particulierement pour 
s'assurer de Tetat de Tagriculture, des richesses, des resources 
et de la prosperite de cette nation. Traduit de TAnglais par 
F. S(oules) avec des notes et observations par M. Decasaux, 
et des cartes geographiques de la navigation et du climat. 
3 vols. maps. 8vo. Paris, Buisson. Tan ii. Paris, 1793 

580b. Nouvelle traduction par Mr. Lesage, preced^e d*unc intro- 
duction par M. Leonn^e de Lavergne. 2 vols, i map. i2mo. 
Paris, Guillaumin. Paris, i860 

581. Bohnenberger, G(ottlieb) C(hristian). (1732-1807.) Beytraege 

zur theoretischen und praktischen Elektrizitaetslehre. 2 parts. 
2 plates. 8vo. Stuttgart. Metzler. Stuttgart, 1793 

Part i. treats of the electric charges of clouds during thunderstorms, p. 
73; Wilson's electrical machine, p. 96; Part ii. consists of remarks on 
Priestley's "History of Electricity. (See No. 453). The complete work 
comprises 5 parts, 1 793- < 795* 
— See also 534. 

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58a. Dalton, John. (1766-1844.) Meteorological observations and 
essays, xvi+208 pp. 8vo. London, for W. Richardson. 

London, j^s 

Nature and cause of the aurora borealis by the celebrated author of Uie 
atomic theory of matter followed by a list of essays published by him. 

582a. Second edition. With appendix, xx+244 pp. 8vo. Man- 
chester, Baldwin. Manchester, 1884 
— See also 2626. 

583. Fowler, Richard. (1765-1863.) Experiments and observations 

relative to the influence lately discovered by M. Galvani and 
commonly called animal electricity, iii+176 pp. 8vo. Edin- 
burgh, for T. Duncan. Edinburgh, 1793 
Professor Cotugno of Naples, in 1784 received a shock while dissecting a 
mouse, p. 2\ Sulzer in 1767 experienced a peculiar taste when plates of 
lead and silver were placed above and below the tongue and connected at 
the outer end, p. 169; Professor Robison of Edinburgh made a rouleau 
of zinc plates and shilling pieces, p. 172, in the year 1793, seven 
years before the invention of the voltaic pile. 

"I had a number of pieces of zinc made the size of a shilling and made 
them up into a rouleau with as many shillings. I find this alternation 
in some circumstances increases considerably the irritation. If the side 
of the rouleau be applied to the tongue so that all the pieces are touched 
by it, the irritation is very strong and disagreeable.*' p. 173. 

584. Peart, Edward. (1756-1824.) On electric atmospheres, in which 

the absurdity of the doctrine of positive and negative electri- 
city is proved, and the real nature, production, mode of 
existence and properties of atmospheres in an electric state, 
are clearly demonstrated and explained; to which is prefixed 
a letter addressed to Mr. Read of Knightsbridge, in reply to 
his Remarks on the author's former tract on electricity, xliv 
+ 81 pp. 8vo. Gainsborough, for W. Miller. 

Gainsborough, 1793 

Belabored refutation of the doctrine of one homogenous, electric fluid. 

585. Read, John. ( .) A summary view of the spontaneous 

electricity of the earth and atmosphere, wherein the cause 
of lightning and thunder, as well as the constant electrification 
of the clouds and vapours, suspended in the air, are explained. 
To which is subjoined the atmospherico-electrical journal, 
kept during two years as presented to and published by 
the Royal Society of London, viii-f 160 pp. i plate. 8vo. 
London, for the author. London, 1793 

Double burr produced by the spark discharge, p. 44; Canton's silk rubber 
coated with amalgam of mercury and tin, p. 89; journal relating to 
atmospheric electricity, p. 109. (See No. 584.) 
— See also 2494. 

586. Valli, Eusebio. (.1755-1816.) Experiments on animal electricity 

with their application to physiology, and some pathological 
and medical observations. xvi-f323 pp. 8vo, London, for J. 
Johnson. London, 1793 

Animal electricity and the nervous fluid are assumed to be one and the same. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

587. Marum, (Martin) van. {1750-1837) Beandwoording der aan- 

merkingen von B. Tersier, betreffende het gebruik, van zuivere 
lucht en't warme bad, ter redding van Drenkelingen. 64 pp. 
8vo. Haarlem, A. Loosjes. Harlem, 179s 

Synthesis of water, p. a6. 
— See also 461. 

588. Churchman, John. (1753-1805.) The magnetic atlas, or varia- 

tion charts of the whole terraqueous globe, comprising a 
system of the variation and dip of the needle, by which the 
observations being truly made the longitude may be ascer- 
tained. 80 pp. 3 plates. 4to. London, for the autlior. 

London, 1794 
The introduction to the atlas contains a brief history of magnetic discovery. 
Aurora borealis, xxvii., aurora australis, xxviii.; age of the American 
continent, p. 58; magnetic charts. 

588a. Fourth edition. xviii.+86 pp. 3 maps. 4to. London, 1804 

— Sec also 562. 

589. Morgan, G(eorge) C(adogan). (1754-1798.) Lectures on electri- 

city. 2 vols. 2 plates. i2mo. NorwFch, J. March. Norwich, 1794 

Striking distance and conducting terminals, vol. ii., p. 61; resistance of 
vacuum tubes, p. 171; origin of natural electricity, p. 303; effect of electri- 
city on vegetation, p. 383; on animals, p. 394; construction of electrical 
apparatus, p. 439. 

590. Priestley, Joseph. (1733-1804.) Heads of lectures on a course 

of experimental philosophy, particularly including chemistry, 
delivered at the New College in Hackney. xxviii+i8o pp. 
8vo. London, for Johnson. London, 1794 

Notes on electricity and magnetism. 
— See also 422. 

591. Reimanis, J(ohann) A(lbert) H(einrich). (1729-1814.) Aus- 

fuehrliche Vorschriften zur Blitz-Ableitung an allerley Ge- 
baeuden. 46 pp. 2 plates. 8vo. Hamburg. C. E. Bohn. 

Hamburg, 1794 
Lightning-conductors for dwelling-houses, public buildings, and ships. 
— See also 474. 

Sga. Walker, Ralph. ( .) Treatise on magnetism; with a 

description and explanation of a meridional and azimuth com- 
pass for ascertaining the quantity of variation, without any 
calculation whatever, at any time of the day; also improve- 
ments upon compasses in general with tables of variation for 
all latitudes and longitudes. 226 pp. 7 plates. 8vo. London, 
Hindmarsh. London, 1794 

Written for the use of the practical man. Magnetism is considered a 
fluid which pervades the globe, the atmosphere and the universe, p. 9; 
bundle of needles magnetized by a flash of lightning, p. 10; tables of 
declination and dip at various places and times. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

593. Canali, Luigi. (i 759-1841.) Questions sur la loi decouverte par 

Mr. Le Chevalier Volta relativement i Telectricit^ des vapeurs. 

(Mem. Acad. Sc. Turin, vol. vi., part 2, pp. 61-114). 4to. 

Turin, J795 
The electricity of vapon, and associated atmospheric phenomena; Father 
Beccaria is frequently quoted. 

594. Lorimer, John. (1732-1795.) Concise essay on magnetism with 

an account of the declination of the magnetic needle and an 
attempt to ascertain the cause of the variation thereof. xv+ 
34+7 PP> 6 plates, portr. 4to. London, for the author. 

London, 179$ 
Guyot de Prorins and his poem on the magnet, lath century; Peregrinus, 
A. D. 1269; also the Belgian plagiarist, Taisnier; Columbus and magnetic 
declination. (See No. 50a.) 

594a. Second edition. 53 pp. 4 plates. 8vo. London, Jones. 

London, 1800 
— See also 2467. 

595* Young, (Sir) William, (ist Bart.) (1749-1815.) Account of 
the Black Charaibs in the island of St. Vincent's; with the 
Charaib treaty of 1779 (or rather 1773), and other original 
documents. Compiled from the papers of the late Sir W. Y. 
(by Sir William Young, 2nd Bart.) 125 pp. 8vo. London, 
for Sewell. London, 179$ 

596. Entertaining extracts, being a select collection from new books 

of merit, iv+248 pp. pis. Sm. 4to. Perth, for R. Morison. 

Perth, 1795 
Description of an optical and also of a mechanical telegraph, p. 30. 

597. Akenside, Mark. (1721-1770.) The pleasures of the imagination, 

(poem in three books), to which is prefixed A critical essay 
on the poem by Mrs. (Anne Letitia) Barbauld. 36+159 pp. 
4 plates. i2mo. London, for T. Cade 11. London, 1796 

This didactic poem contains a lengthy reference to sympathetic compasses. 
(See No. 3857-) 

598. Gregory, George. (1754-1808.) The economy of nature ex- 

plained and illustrated on the principles of modern philosophy. 
3 vols. 46 plates. 8vo. London, for J. Johnson. London, 1796 
General phenomena of electricity popularly treated, vol. i.; animal electricity, 
vol. iii. 
— See also 767. 

599. (Harrington, Robert.) ( .) A new system on fire and 

planetary life; shewing that the sun and planets are inhabited, 
and that they enjoy the same temperament as our earth. 
Also an Elucidation of the phenomena of electricity and 
magnetism. iv+7S pp. 8 vo. London, Cadell. London, 1796 
Remarks on electrical attraction and repulsion. 

600. Kirwan, Richard. (1735-1812.) Thoughts on magnetism. 17 pp. 

4to. Dublin, Bonhan. Dublin, 1796 

Polarity due to orientation, p. 11; broken magnet, p. 11; magnetic screen- 
ing, p. 12. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

6ox. Moore, John Hamilton. ( ? -1807.) The seaman's complete 
daily assistant, and new mariner's compass, being an easy 
method of keeping a journal at sea; to which is prefixed a 
short and easy treatise on arithmetic; to this edition is added 
The use of Hadley's quadrant, and Mercator's chart Fifth 
edition, iv-l-48+56 PP> ill* maps. 8vo. London, for B. Law. 

London, 1796 
Rules for finding the variation of the compaas. The first edition appeared in 
1779* 

602. Priestley, Joseph, (i 733-1 804.) Experiments and observations 

relating to the analysis of atmospherical air; also farther 
experiments relating to the generation of air from water; 
to which are added Considerations on the doctrine of phlo- 
giston, and the decomposition of water. 59 pp. 8vo. Phila- 
delphia printed, London reprinted, for J. Johnson. 

London, 1796 
— Sec also 4^2. 

603. Volta, Alessandro. (1745-1827.) Schreiben an den Herrn Abt 

Anton Maria Vasali ueber die thierische Elektrizitaet als eine 
Fortsetzung der Schriften desselben ueber die thierische 
Elektrizitaet, herausgegeben von Dr. Johann Mayer. 77 pp. 
i2mo. Prag, Calve. Prague, 1796 

The author denies Galvani's eondusions and affirms his own contact 

theory. 

— See also 428. 

604. Watkins, J. ( ) and W. Watkins. ( .) A short account 

of the azimuthal or invariable compass, wherein are mentioned 
how it was discovered; the private trials of it; its utility in 
navigation and surveying; with the best methods of proving 
its true and permanent polarity at sea and on land. 16 pp. 
I plate. 8vo. London, for J. and W. Watkins. London, 1796 
It is here claimed that the compass-needle "indicates invariably and truly the 
four cardinal points of the horizon." 

605. Edgeworth, Richard Lovell. (1744-1817.) A letter to the Earl of 

Charlemont on the tellograph and on the defence of Ireland. 
54 pp. 8vo. Dublin, 1797 

The ieUograph was a mechanical device for the transmission of sisnals, 
see p. s. 

606. Galvani, Luigi. (1737-1798.) Memorie sulla elettriciti animale 

al celebre Abbate Lazzaro Spallanzani, aggiunte alcune elet- 
triche esperienze di Gto. Aldini. 105 pp. 2 plates. 4to. 

Bologna, 1797 
Papers on electricity in which Galvani criticizes Volta*s views, p. i; states 
his own, p. 31; explains the function of the metallic arc-connection, p. 49. 
— See also 570. 

607. Gamble, John. ( ? -181 1.) Observations on telegraphic experi- 

ments; or, The different modes which have been, or may be 

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adopted for the purpose of distant communication. 20 pp. 

I plate. 4to. London, (1797?) 

Short essay on different modes of communication by signals from beacons 
down to telegraphs. "Fully as many objections will, I believe, operate 
against erery mode of tUciricity being used as the vehicle of information," 
p. 10. 

608. BCartin, B(enjamin). (1704-1782.) Description and use of the 
pocket case of mathematical instruments, wherein are particu- 
larly explained the nature and use of all the lines contained 
on the plain scale, the sector, the gunter, and proportional 
compasses: also their practical application, exemplified in 
a variety of Mathematical problems. New edition, by Will- 
iam Jones. 19 pp. I plate. 8vo. London, for W. and J. Jones. 

London, 1797 
Concise, explanatory description of compasses, parallel rulers and various 



— See also 3*7. 

609. Trcmcry, (Jean Louis). (1773-1851.) Observations sur les 
aimans elliptiques proposes par M. Vassali. (Jour, des Mines, 
vol. ii., pp. S47-SS4). i2mo. Paris, J797 

Objections raised against Vassali's elliptical magnets. 

6x0. Coulomb, (Charles Augustin). (i 736-1806.) (Raphael) Sabathier, 
((Charles) Pelletan and others. Des premieres experiences faites 
en flor^al et prairial de Tan v, par la commission nomm^e 
pour examiner et verifier les ph^nom^nes du galvanisme. 
(Comptes rendus Instit. Nationale. CI. Sc. Math, c Phys., 
107 pp.) 4to. Paris, 1798 

Results of experiments on frogs conducted by a commission of savants 
together with an inquiry into the effect of electric currents on the animal 
system; the existence of ammal aUctricity denied. 
— See also 490- 

6x1. (Gilly, David (1748-1808) and Johann Albert Eytelwein.) (1764- 
1848.) Kurtze Anleitung auf welche Art Blitzableiter an den 
Gebaeuden anzubringen sind. 23 pp. 2 plates. 8vo. Berlin, 
Reimer. Berlin, 1798 

Practical directions for the erection of lightning-rods. 

6x3. Langworthy, Charles Cunningham. ( .) A view of the 

Perkinean electricity, or, an inquiry into the influence of 
metallic tractors. 80 pp. 8vo. Bristol, W. Bulgin. 

Bristol, 1798 

Method of Dr. Perkins, an American, for curing certain diseases by static 
electricity. 

613. Wilkinson, C(harles) H(enry). (fl. 1800.) An essay on the 
Leyden phial C'with a view of explaining this remarkable 
phenomenon on pure mechanical principles") by which all the 
different appearances of electricity are more simply demon- 
strated; to which is added an Essay on medical electricity; 

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CATALOGUE OF IV HEELER GIFT 

Physiologically investigating the nature of those complaints, 
where the influence of this fluid may prove beneficial, illus- 
trated with a variety of cases. vii+86+v+6s pp. 3 plates. 
8vo. London, S. Low. London, 1798 

The author assumes that electricity is a fluid which is subject to the same 
laws as ordinary matter. His theory of the Leyden jar, applying purely 
mechanical principles, p. 34. 
— See also 6x9, 667. 

614. Amim, Ludwig Achim von. (i 781-183 1.) Versuch einer Theorie 

der elektrischen Erscheinungen. 146 pp. i plate. i2mo. Halle, 
J. J. Gebauer. Halle, 1799 

Methods of electrifying bodies, p. 65; electric amalgams, p. 67; a new 
"electrometer," p. 124. — 

615. (Brds, Honors de.) (also de Bres, Onorato.) ( .) Re- 

cherches historiques et politiques sur Malta, par O. B. 127 
pp. I map, 2 plates. i2mo. Paris, Cramer. Paris, 1799 

Notes on the conquest of Malta and on the agriculture and indostriet of 
the island. 

6x6. Humboldt, Friedrich Heinrich Alexander von. (176^1^59.) 
Experiences sur le galvanisme, et en general sur Tirritation 
des fibres musculaires et nerveuses; traduction de I'Allemand 
par J. (Gravel) avec des additions par J. Fr. N. Jadelot xlvi 
+530 PP- 8 plates. 8vo. Paris, Fuchs. Paris, 1799 

After describing Cotugno's electro-physiological experiment, p. a6, the author 
discusses various galvanic phenomena and refutes Volta's theory, holding 
that the galvanic and the electric fluid are not identical. 
— See also 663, 677, ii59- 
617. (SeiferheH Georg Heinrich). (175^1818.) Sammlung elek- 
trischer Spielwerke fuer junge Elektriker. 84 pp. 10 plates. 
i2mo. Nuernberg, Mohnath & K. Nuremberg, 1799 

Electric toys. This collection consists of 10 parts, 1790-1808. 

6x8. Walker, A(dam). (1731-1821.) System of familiar philosophy, 
in twelve lectures; containing the elements and the practical 
uses to be drawn from the chemical properties of matter, 
the principles and application of mechanics, of hydrostatics, 
of hydraulics, of pneumatics, of magnetism, of electricity, of 
optics, and of astronomy, xviii+571 pp. 47 plates. 4to. 
London, for the author. London, 1799 

One lecture on magnetism and two on electricity. Lightning, electricity, 
light and fire are considered to be modifications of one common principle, 
p. 56; the whirl and orrery, p. 338; brush and star discharge, p. 34^; 
Bennet's gold-leaf electroscope, p. 358; pointed rods and flames used to 
determine the electrification of the atmosphere, p. 356; thunderless lightning 
due to rarefied air, long vacuum tube, p. 390. 
•—See also 1192, 3522. 

619. Wilkinson. C(harles) H)enry). (fl. 1800.) The effects of 
electricity in paralytic and rheumatic affections; to which 
are added Some observations on the inefficacy of metallic 

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623. RIITTER. {Reduced.') 
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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

tractors and An analysis of a course of lectures on experi- 
mental philosophy. 220 pp. i plate. 8vo. London, for Allen. 

London, 1799 
Essay on the medical effects of electricity with numerous examples of sue- 
cessful treatment. Lectures on mechanical philosophy, optics, sotmd and 
meteorology. Reference to electricity and the Leyden jar, p. 319. 
— See also 613. 

6ai. Darwin, Erasmus, (i 731-1802.) Phytologia; or, The philosophy 
of agriculture and gardening; with the theory of draining 
morasses, and with an improved construction of the drill 
plough, viii+612 pp. pis. 4to. London, J. Johnson. 

London, 1800 
A few pages on the influence of electricity on vegetation. 
— See also 555. 

6aa. Jones, William. (1726-1800.) Six letters on electricity. 68 pp. 
8yo. London, F. & C. Rivington. London, 1800 

General sketch of electricity with biographical notice of some pioneers; 
necessity of a medium, p. 44. 
— See also 406. 

623. Ritter, (J(ohann) W(ilhelm). (1776-1810.) Beytraege zur naehern 
Kenntniss des Galvanismus und der Resultate seiner Unter- 
suchung. Vol. i., parts 1-4. 4 plates. 8vo. Jena, Fr. Frommann. 

Jena, i8oo-i8oi 
Inquiry into the nature of the electric current. This pamphlet contains the 
earliest account of the decomposition of water by the electric current. This 
gifted scholar confirmed the contact theory of the galvanic cell, which is 
treated, p. 378, part 2 and p. 141, Section aj, part 3; he also rendered 
important service in showing the relationship between chemical and galvanic 
phenomena, as well as in the discovery of the principles of the storage 
battery. Complete in 2 vols, or 8 parts, i8oo-i8o5. 
— Sec also 673. 

634« Signauz gen6raux de jour de nuit et de brume, & la voile et 4 
I'ancre, a Tusage des armees navales de la Republique Fran- 
gaise. 164 pp. tab. 4to. Paris, (1800) 

Various modes of signaling at sea by day and by night as well as in 
cloudy and foggy weather. 

625. Augustin, Fr(iedrich) Ludwig. (1776 - ?) Vom Galvanismus 
und dessen medicinischer Anwendung. 64 pp. i plate. 8vo. 
Berlin, Oehmigke, jr. Berlin, 1801 

Production of electric currents and their remedial uses. 

6a6. Chappe, (Claude). (1763-1805.) Beschreibung und Abbildung 
des Telegraphen; oder, Der neuerfundenen Fernschreibe- 
maschine: 16 pp. pi. i2mo. Augsburg, 1801 

Description of the author's mechanical telegraph. 

627. Cuvier, (George Leopold) C(hr^tien Frederic Dagobert de.) 
(173^1822.) Sur le galvanisme. (Journ. de Phys., Chem. et 
Hist. Nat. Vol. 52, pp. 318-321.) 4to. Paris, 1801 

Decomposition of water by the electric current. 
— See also 702, 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

6a8. D(tiche8ne, H(cnri G(abriel). ( .) Notice historiquc sur 

la vie et les ouvrages de J. B. Porta, par M. D. 383 pp. i 

plate. 8vo. An ix. Paris, j8oi 

Sketch of Porta's Ufe ( 1540-161 5) • followed by an analysis of each of his 
important works. 

629. Edelcranz, (Richard Lowell). (1744-1817.) Traits des t^lc- 

graphes, et essai d'un nouvel etablissement de ce genre; 
traduit du Suedois par Hector B. . . . 121 pp. 4 plates, tab. 
8vo. An ix. Paris, 1801 

History of the various systems of mechanical transmission of signals. 

630. Sue, P(ierre). (1739-1816.) Histoire du galvanisme et analyse 

des differens ouvrages publies sur cette decouverte depuis son 
origine jusqu'a ce jour. 2 vols, i plate. 8vo. Paris, 1801-1802 
This important work is mainly the history of experimental investigations to 
determine the effect of the electric current on the animal system. Sue was 
an eminent surgeon. 

63(MU Histoire complete du galvanisme, depuis sa decouverte, 

jusqu'a ce jour, avec le detail des experiences faites et des 
ecrites publies sur ce phenomene. Second edition. 4 vols. 
8vo. (See No. 2499.) Paris, 1805 

— See also 651. 

631. Ulrich, Johann August David. ( . ) De effectu galva- 

nismi in aquam. 36 pp. 8vo. (Inaugural dissertation.) 

Halle, 1801 
The electric decomposition of water; reference to Carlisle and Nicholson, 
Rltter and others. 
63a. Alibert, J(ean)-L(ouis). (i 766-1837.) Elogio storico di Luigi 
Galvani. Traduzione del Francese. 153 pp. 4to. 

Bologna, 1802 
Critical examination of Galvani*s electrical work and theory. 

633. Biot, (Jean Baptiste). (i 774-1862.) Sur le prix fonde par le 

premier Consul, pour les decouvertes relatives a Telectricitc 
et au galvanisme. (Programme, Instit. National CI. Sci. Math, 
et Phys.) 7 pp. 4to. Paris, 1802 

Prizes founded hy Napoleon I. for the advancement of electrical knowledge. 
— See also 663, 734, 809, 2602. 
633bi8. Birch, John. (1745-1815.) An essay on the medical application 
of electricity, iv+57 pp. 8vo. London, 1802 

— See also 488. 

634. Davy, (Sir) Humphry. (1778-1829.) Syllabus of a course of 

lectures on chemistry delivered at the Royal Institution of 
Great Britain. 91 pp. 8vo. London, 1802 

Outlines of lectures on electrical influence and on current electricity. 
— See also 710, 829, 956, 2500. 

635. Euler, L(eonard). (1707-1783.) Letters on different subjects 

in physics and philosophy addressed to a German Princess; 
translated from the French by Henry Hunter with original 
notes. Second edition. 2 vols. 8vo. London, 1802 

The letters were written for the instruction of the Princess of Anhalt- 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

Dessitt. There are 17 on magnetic and 16 on electrical subjects. The 
first edition appeared in 179s. 
— See also 366. 

636.* Gale, T. ( .) Electricity; or, Ethereal fire, considered 

1st, naturally as the agent of animal and vegetable life. 2nd, 
astronomically, or as the agent of gravitation and motion. 
3d, medically, or its artificial use in diseases. Comprehend- 
ing both the theory and practice of medical electricity and 
demonstrated to be an infallible cure of fever, inflammation 
and many other diseases; constituting the best family physi- 
cian ever extant. 276 pp.-f2 1. i2mo. Troy, N, Y., 1802 

This book is among the first works on electricity printed in America. The 
author considers electricity to be the main cause of animal and vegetable 
life. 

637. Libes, A(ntoine). (1752-1832.) Trait6 616mentaire de physique, 

presente dans un ordre nouveau d'apres les d^couvertes mo- 
dernes, 3 vols. 30 plates. 8vo. An x. Paris, 1802 

This third volume contains an elementary treatise on electricity, magnetism 
and "galvanism." 
— See also 705. 

638. Negro, Salvatore dal. (1768-1839.) Dell' elettricismo idro- 

metallico. 2 parts, i plate. 8vo. Padova, 1802-1803 

Description of a voltaic pile consisting of 150 discs arranged in three 
"columns" connected in series; experiments made with it; static and current 
electricity compared; theory of the "pile." 

639. Newton, (Sir) Isaac. (1642-1727.) Mathematical principles of 

natural philosophy; translated into English and illustrated 
with a commentary by Robert Thorp. Second edition. Book 
i. 21 plates. 4to. London, 1802 

This is the great work of the English mathematician with copious notes 
added by the translator. (See Nos. 353, 260.) 
— See also 350. 

640. Petetin, Jacques-Henri-D6sir6. (1744-1873.) Nouveau meca- 

nisme de Telectricit^ fonde sur les lois de T^quilibre et du 
mouvement, demontr6 par des experiences qui renversent le 
syst^me de Telectncite positive et negative, et qui 6tablissent 
ses rapports avec le mecanisme cache de Taimant, et de 
rheureuse influence du fluide ^lectrique dans le traitement 
des maladies nerveuses. iv-fxxviii. 299 pp. 10 plates. 8vo. 

Lyons, 1802 

The author disproves the electrical theory of Franklin as well as the 
afHuent and eMuent views of Abb^ Nollet; experiments on statical electricity; 
also on magnetism. 

64Z. Stmve, Christian August. (1767-1807.) System der medizi- 
nischen Elektricitaets-Lehre, mit Ruecksicht auf den Gal- 
vanismus. 2 parts, xxiv-l-540 pp. 2 plates. i2mo. 

Breslau, 1802 
Application of electricity to the cure of disease. 

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ELECTRICITY, 



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ETHEREAL FIRE,. 

CONSiDEHED: 
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ACENT OF ANIMAL AND VI- I TION AND MoTlON! 
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COMPRKBilfDINO SOTB TgM 

THEORY AND PRACTICE 

MEDICAL ELECTRICITY; 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

64a. Vassali-Eandi, Giulio. (1761-1825.) Rapport present^ d la classe 
des sciences exactes de TAcademie de Turin le 27 thermidor, 
sur les experiences galvaniques faites les 22 et 26 du meme 
mois sur la tele et le tronc de trois hommes peu de temps 
apres leur decapitation. 19 pp. 4to. An x. Turin, 1802 

Electrical post-mortem experiments by the Italian savant who is said by 
Valli to have anticipated Galvani. 

643. Young, (Sir) Thomas. (1773-1829.) Syllabus of a course of 

lectures on natural and experimental philosophy. 4 parts. 8vo. 

London, 1802 
Five pages on electricity and magnetism. 
— See also 686, 3546. 

644. Aldini, (Giovanni). (1762-1834.) An account of the late im- 

provements in galvanism, with a series of curious experi- 
ments performed before the Commissioners of the French 
National Institute, and lately repeated in the Anatomical 
Theatre of London. To which is added, an appendix con- 
taining the author's experiments on the body of a malefactor 
executed at Newgate. 11+221 pp. 4 plates. 4to. London, 1803 
Dissertation on animal electricity; galvanic experiments on executed 
criminals. "The galvanism excited is not owing to the communication nor 
to the transformation of the general electricity but to an electricity peculiar 
to animals which plays a very distinguished part in the animal economy.** — 
Aldini. 

644a. An account of the galvanic experiments performed on the 

body of a malefactor executed at Newgate, Jan. 17, 1803. vii 
-f 36 pp. 4to. London, 1803 

Remarks on the application of the electrical current in cases of suspended 
animation. 

644b. Precis des experiences galvaniques faites recemment d 

Londres et d Calais; suivi d*un extrait d'autres experiences. 

48 pp. i2mo. Paris, 1803 

Early experiments showing the effect of the electric current on the human 

organism. 

— See also 575. 

646. Carpue, J(ohn) C(onstantin). (1764-1846.) Introduction to 

electricity and galvanism; with cases showing their effects 
in the cure of diseases. To which is added a Description 
of Mr. Cuthbertson's plate electrical machine, viii+112 pp. 
3 plates. 8vo. London, 1803 

Text-book of static and voltaic electricity written for the use of medical 
students. 

647. Caustic, Christopher, pseud, (i. e., Thomas Green Fessenden.) 

(1771-1837.) A poetical petition against tractorising trumpery 
and the Perkinistic Institution. In four cantos. 92 pp. 8vo. 

London, 1803 
Reference to Aldlni's experiments. 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

647«« ^Terrible tractoration ! A poetical petition against galvan- 
ising trumpery and the Perkinistic Institution in four cantos. 
Second edition. xxxi-|-i86 pp. pis. i2nio. London, 1803 

648. Cavallo, Tiberius. (1749-1809.) Elements of natural or experi- 
mental philosophy. 4 vols. 29 plates. 8vo. London, 1803 
A general treatise on physics; the chapters on electricity contain nuny 
points of interest. The author was a distingnished electrical inyestigator. 

— First American edition. 2 vols. pis. 8vo. 

Philadelphia, 1813 
also 463. 



649. Imsson, John. ( ?'I788.) Elements of science and art; being 

a familiar introduction to Natural Philosophy and Chemistry, 
together with their application to a variety of elegant and 
useful arts. Adapted to the improved state of science. New 
edition, vol. i. (complete in 2 vols.) 24 plates. 8vo. 

London, 1803 

This work was written for the general reader; it is an enlarged edition of 
the School of Arts or Introduction to useful knowledge, i795> 

650. Martens, Franz Heinrich. (1778-1805.) Vollstaendige Anweisung 

zur therapeutischen Anwendung des Galvanismns, nebst einer 
Geschichte dieses Heilmittels in Hinsicht auf die medizini- 
sche Anwendung vom ersten Ursprunge der Entdeckung 
bis auf die neuesten Zeiten. xvi+336 pp. 8vo. Leipgig, 1803 

Directions for the application of electricity to therapeutics; numerous cares 
described. 

651. Reinhold, Johann Christoph Leopold. (1769-1809.) Geschichte 

des Galvanismus; nach Sue d. a. frey bearbeitet, nebst 
Zusaetzen und einer Abhandlung ueber die Anwendung des 
Galvanismus in der praktischen Heilkunde. 2 parts. 2 plates. 
8vo. Leipzig, 1803 

Sketch of Galyani's life; description of his experiments; application of 
the electric current to therapeutics. 

65a. ^Ueber die Wirkungen des Galvanismus auf thierische Orga- 

nismen und die Anwendung desselben als Heilmittel betrach- 
tet. (Extract from his "Geschichte des Galvanismus")- 176 pp. 
pis. 8vo. Leipzig, 1803 

Effect of the electric current on the animal system. (See No. 630.) 

653. Sestini, (Domenico). (i 750-1832.) Le guide du voyageur en 
Egypte; ou; Description des veg^taux et des mineraux qui 
existent en Egypte, traduit de Tltalien par M. . . . (i.e. Count 
de Fleury?) ; ouvrage pouvant faire suite au Voyage de Denon 
en Egypte. vi+332 pp. i map. 4to. Paris, 1803 

Author's travels in Egjrpt; his appreciation of persons and things. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

654. Sigaud de la Fond, J(can) R(cn6). (1740-1810.) Dc r^lcctricit^ 

m^dtcale. 2 L+xxxii+586 pp. 4 plates. 8vo. An xi. 

Paris, 1803 
Work of considerable fame, treating in detail of the effects of electricity 
on the human system. 
— See also 434. 

655. Volta, Alessandro. (1745-1827.) Schriftcn ucbcr Elektricitaet 

und Gal vanismus ; aus dem Italienischen und Franzoesischen 
uebersetzt von C F. Nasse. vol. i. (all published), i plate. 
i2mo. Halle, 1803 

Volta*s letter to de Saussure on the capacity of the electric current. 

656. Neueste Versuche ueber Galvanismus ; Beschreibting eines 

neuen Galvanometers und andere kleine Abhandlungen ueber 
diesen Gegenstand. 130 pp. 2 plates. i2mo. Vienna, 1803 

Researches on the theory of the voltaic pile. 
— See also 428. 

657. Walther, Ph. F. ( .) Ueber die therapeutische Indica- 

tion und Technicismus der galvanischen Operation, viii 
+278 pp. 2 plates. 3 tables. 8vo. Vienna, 1803 

Technique of electro-therapeutics. 

658. Young, Matthew. (1750-1800.) Analysis of the principles of 

natural philosophy. 450 pp. 3 plates. 8vo. London, 1803 

Magnetic phenomena said to arise from atmospheric causes, p. 448; electric 
and magnetic properties, p. 449. (First (?) edition published in Dublin, 

1800.) 

659. Loadstone. (Dictionary of the Wonders of Nature, pp. 362-366.) 

8vo. {1803) 

Special reference is made to the magnetic condition of the cross on the 
steeple of the church at Chartres. 

660. Aldini, Giovanni. (1762-1834.) Essat th^orique et experimental 

sur le galvanisme avec une s6rie d'experiences faites en France 
et en Angleterre. 2 vols. 10 plates. 8vo. Paris, 1804 

The effects of the electric current on the animal system; the velocity of 
electricity through water; electrical fishes; conductivity of flames. Benedetto 
Mojon of Geneva in 1804 magnetizes steel needles by inserting them for 
20 days in a voltaic circuit of 100 elements; and Romognosi of Trent 
deflects an insulated compass-needle by the electrostatic effect of one pole 
of a voltaic pile, vol. i., p. 339. 
— See also 575. 

661. De Luc, Jean Andre. (1727-1817.) Traite cl^mentaire sur le 

fluide electro-galvanique. 2 vols. i2mo. Paris, 1804 

Researches in both static and current electricity. 
— See also 704, 711, 2525. 

66a. Fenwick, Thomas. ( .) Theoretical and practical 

treatise on subterraneous surveying, and the magnetic varia- 
tion of the needle. xiii-j-207 pp. 7 plates. 8vo. Newcastle, 1804 

Surveys in mines and in deep excavations, regard being paid to the bearing 
of the compass, corrected for various changes. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

662a. Treatise on subterraneous surveying and the variation of 

the magnetic needle. Second edition. 227 pp. 8 plates. 8vo. 

Durham, 1822 
— See also ss^. 

663. Humboldt, Friedrich Heinrich Alexander von. (i 769-1859) and 

Jean Baptiste Biot. (1774-1862.) Sur les variations du mag- 
netisme terrestre a differentes latitudes. (Joum. Phys. Chim. 
et Hist. Natur. vol. 59, pp. 429-450). i table. 2 plates. 4to. 

Paris, 1804 
Magnetic observations made in America and in Europe. Biot's well- 
known hypothesis of a short central magnet to account for the phenomena of 
terrestrial magnetism, p. 14. (With Humboldt's autograph.) 
— See also 616, 633. 

664. Izam, Joseph. (1766-1834.) Manuel du galvanisme, ou Descrip- 

tion et usage des divers appareils galvaniques employes 
jusqu'i ce jour, tant pour les recherches physiques et 
chimiques que pour les applications m^dicales. xxii+304 pp. 6 
plates. i2mo. Paris, 1804 

Sulzer'ft experiment made in 1767 with strips of lead and silver placed 
above and below the tongue, p. 3; Cotugno of Naples dissected a mouse 
in 1784 and felt a benumbing sensation in his hands, p. 4; Romagnosi, a 
physician of Trent, in 1803 deflected an insulated compass-needle by 
bringing it near an insulated wire connected with one pole of a voltaic pile, 
p. 120; Mojon magnetized steel needles in 1804. (See Nos. 974, 2548.) 

664*a. Another edition, xxii+304 pp. 6 plates. 8vo. 

Paris, 1805 

665. Pfa£P, (Johann) Wilhelm (Andreas). (1774-1835.) Uebersicht 

uebcr den Voltaismus und die wichtigsten Saetze zu Be- 
gruendung einer Theorie desselben. 127 pp. i2mo. 

Stuttgart, 1804 
Laws and theory of the voltaic cell. 
— See also 836. 

666. Webster, John. ( .) Elements of natural philosophy 

explaining the laws and principles of attraction, gravitation, 
mechanics, pneumatics, hydrostatics, hydraulics, electricity 
and optics; with a general view of the solar system. xii+ 
302 pp. ill. 8vo. London, 1804 

The volume contains a popular treatment of frictional electricity. A new 
edition with additions appeared In 1807. 

667. Wilkinson, C(harles) H(enry). (fl. 1800.) Elements of gal- 

vanism in theory and practice; with a comprehensive view of 
its history from the first experiments of Galvani to the pres- 
ent time, containing also practical directions for constructing 
the Galvanic apparatus, and plain systematic instructions for 
performing all the various experiments. 2 vols. 13 plates. 
8vo. London, 1804 

Volume i. is chiefly historical; voL ii. treats of the method of producing 
the electric current and of its application to medical cases. 
— See also 613. 

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668.t Rapport fait i la classe des sciences math^matiques et physiques 
de rinstitut National, sur les experiences du citoyen Volta. 
(par (Jean Baptiste) Biot, (Pierre) de la Place, (Charles) 
Coulomb, (Jean) Halle, (Gaspard) Monge, (Antoine) 
Fourcroy, (Louis) Vauquelin, (Pierre) Pelletan, (Jacques) 
Charles, (Mathurin) Brisson, (Raphael) Sabathier, et (Louis) 
Guyton.) (Reprinted from M6m. Inst. Paris, vol. v.) 29 pp. 
4to. Paris, 1804 

Views of the committee appointed by the Academic des Sciences to report 
on Volta's contact-force and the theory of the voltaic pile. 

669. Azuniy Dominique Albert. (174^1827.) Dissertation sur Tori- 

gine de la boussole. xvi+133 pp. 8vo. Paris, 1805 

Extended discussion of the claims which have been advanced at various 
times to the invention of the mariner's compass. A new editieft with 
additions appeared in 1809. 

670. Barrow, (Sir) John. (1764-1848.) Voyage en Chine en 1794 

formant le complement du voyage de Lord Macartney. 

Traduit de TAnglais avec des notes par J. Cast6ra. vol. i. 

(complete in 3 vols, and i vol. Atlas.) 8vo. Paris, 1805 

Use of the lodestone in remote antiquity for directive purposes, p. 60. 
— See also 729. 

671. Pacchiani» Francesco Giuseppe. (1771-1835.) Lettera al 

Lorenzo Pignotti. 8 pp. i2mo. Pisa, i8os 

Note of some chemical interest. 

67a. Popham, (Sir) Home (Briggs). (1762-1820.) Telegraphic 
signals; or. Marine vocabulary. 113 pp. pi. 8vo. London, 180$ 
Special system of flag-signaling proposed. 

673. Ritter, J(ohann) W(ilhelm). (1776-1810.) Das elektrische 

System der Koerper. 412 pp. 21 tables. 8vo. Leipsig, 1805 

Electrification is held to be due to contact; theory of the voltaic battery. 
— See also 623. 

674. Bryan, Margaret, (fl. 181 5.) Lectures on natural philosophy; 

the result of many years' practical experience of the facts 
elucidated, with an appendix containing a great number and 
variety of astronomical and geographical problems; also some 
useful tables, and a comprehensive vocabulary. 388 pp. 35 
plates. 4to. London, 1806 

The volume contains three class-lectures on magnetism and electricity. The 
authoress, whose portrait is given, was a beautiful and accomplished woman. 

675. Franklin, Benjamin, (i 706-1 790.) Complete works in philos- 

ophy, politics and morals of the late Dr. Benjamin Franklin, 
now first collected and arranged, with Memoirs of his early 
life written by himself. 3 vols, portr. map. pi. 8vo. 

London, 1806 

"The appendix to vol. i. contains communications on important electrical 
matters. The editor was a Mr. Marshall. His name is not connected with 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

the works; tnit he performed his part with good judgment, and used much 
diligence in searching for essays and papers, that had not before been 
comprised in any collection. Mr. Benjamin Vaughan who was then in 
London, rendered him important assistance." — Sparks. 

675a, Complete works in philosophy, politics and morals; contain- 
ing besides all the Writings published in former Collections, 
his diplomatic correspondence, as minister of the United 
States, at the Court of Versailles; a variety of literary and 
epistolary correspondence never before published with 
memoirs and anecdotes of his life. 6 vols, portr. 8vo. 

Philadelphia, 1809-1818 
Franklin's electrical work will be found in vol. iii.: '^his edition was 
begun in 1808, but owing to the delay of Temple Franklin (with whom 
Duane agreed to an exchange of material), in printing his edition, it was 
not completed tiU 1818. The editor added many pieces to what had hitherto 
been printed as Ftanklin's, derived almost wholly from the books and MSS. 
which came into his possession by his marriage with the widow of Franklin 
Bache, but the work is so full of blunders and misstatements that its chief 
value has been to other editors of Franklin. Vol. vi. has on the title-page, 
'Published from the originals by his Grandson ^^lliam Temple Franldin.'" 
—Ford. P. L., Franklin Bibliography. 
—See also 367. 

676. Hudson, Thomas. ( .) Electricity. (The Accom- 

plished Tutor, vol. ii., pp. 285-315.) 3 plates. 8vo. London, 1806 
The elements of static electricity. 

677. Humboldt* (Friedrich Heinrich) Alexander von. (i 769-1 859.) 

Versuche ueber die electrischen Fische. 30 pp. i2mo. 

Erfurt, 1806 
Study of the electric organs of the gymnotus and the torpedo. 
— See also 616. 

678. Magalotti, Lorenzo. (1637-17 12.) Saggi di naturali esperienze 

fatte neir Accademia del Cimento. 282 pp. 5 plates. 8vo. 

Milan, 1806 
Experiments on air-pressure, humidity, effects of heat and cold. 
— See also 353. 

679. Steinhaeuser, Johannes Gottfried, (i 768-1 825.) De magnetismo 

telluris; Sect. i. Mag^netis virtutes in genere proponens. 52 
pp. I plate. 4to. Wittenberg, 1806 

The law of distance; extensive use is made of the method of oscillationi. 

679a. Sect. ii. De inclinatione acus magneticae cuius innotescunt 

et locus et efficiendi facultas. 50 pp. 4to. Wittenberg, 1810 
Mathematical treatment of magnetic dip. 

68a Bidone, Giorgio. (1781-1839.) Description d'une nouvelle bous- 
sole propre k observer les mouvements de rotation et de trans- 
lation de Taiguille aimant6e, et experiences faites avec cet 
instrument. Lecture du 28 Nov. 1807. 26 pp.-f61. 3 plates. 
4to. Turin, 1807 

Description of a magnetometer devised by the author and used by him in a 
research on the law of the inverse square of the distance. 

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68x. Cuthbertson, John. ( .) Practical electricity, and 

galvanism containing a series of experiments, calculated for 
the use of those who are desirous of becoming acquainted 
with that branch of science, xx+271 pp. 9 plates. 8vo. 

London, 1807 

Scries of experiments in static electricity; magnetism developed by Leyden 
jar discharges, p. 233; electrical kite, p. 237. 

68za. Second edition. With corrections and additions, xxiii-f 

294 pp. 9 plates. 8vo. London, 1821 

— See also 507. 

68a, Grigby, G(eorge). ( .) Memoir containing a descrip- 
tion of the construction and use of some instruments, to 
ascertain the heights and distances of inaccessible objects 
without the necessity of reference to logarithmic tables. 45 
pp. 2 plates. 4to. London, 1807 

Determination of certain problems in heights and distances by means of 
proportions derived from similar triangles. 

683. Hare» R(obert). (1781-1858.) Animadversions on the review 

of his theory of galvanism by Dr. Patterson. Published in 
the first number of the Philadelphia Medical and Physical 
Journal. 18 pp. 8vo. Philadelphia, {1807) 

Paper of a personal, controversial nature. 
—See also 769, 89s. 906, 2754. 

684. Hauey, R(en6) J(ust). (1743-1822.) Elementary treatise on 

natural philosophy, translated from the French by Olinthus 
Gregory. 2 vols. 24 plates. 8vo. London, 1807 

Vol. i. theory of Aepinus, p. 382; von Kleist, p. 394; function of lightning- 
rods, p. 431; tourmaline, p. 427; vol. ii. contains a discussion of terrestrial 
magnetism. Abb6 Hauey was among the foremost savants of his day. 
— See also 541. 

685. Lucretius Carus, Titus. (99-55 B. C.) De rerum natura, libri 

sex, quibus interpretationem et notas addidit Thomas Creech. 
Editio nova. xvi+49S pp. 8vo. Oxford, 1807 

Allusions to the magnet: iron filings in brass basin with movable lodestonc 
underneath; magnetic attraction and repulsion; Samothracian rings* p. 387. 
This is the didactic work of the Latin poet, to which allusion is frequently 
made by writers on magnetism. First printed edition, 1500. 

686. Young, (Sir) Thomas. (1773-1829.) Course of lectures on natural 

philosophy and the mechanical arts. 2 vols., map, 5 plates. 
4to. London, 1807 

This celebrated course of lectures was given at the Royal Institution, Lon- 
don, when the author was Professor of Natural Philosophy. It contains 
two lectures on electricity and one on magnetism with bibliography. 

686a. New edition with references and notes by P. Kelland. 2 

vols. 8vo. London, 184s 

— See also 643. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

687. Gerboin^ A(ntoine) Cl(aude). (1758-1827.) Recherches experi- 
mentales sur un nouveau mode de Taction electrique. 358 pp. 
I plate. Svo. Strasburg, 1808 

Experiments made with a heavy body suspended by a thread; the author 
holds that the swing of the pendulum is affected by neighboring substances 
according to their nature. A "dry" pile is referred to in a note on p. 370. 

688.t Limes, J. M. ( .) L'^lectricite, sa cause, sa nature, sa 

th^orie; le galvanisme, le magn6tisme. viii+io6-|-i2 pp. Svo. 

Paris, 1808 
This is a feeble attempt to explain electrical phenomena by latent caloric, 

689. Macdonaldy John. (1759-1831.) Treatise on telegraphic commu- 

nication, naval, military and political, in which the known 
defects of the present system of telegraphic practice by sea 
and land are obviated by the introduction of a numerical 
portable dictionary; with some considerations on the present 
state of the marine code and of naval signals. 186 pp. 5 plates. 
Svo. London, 1808 

Volume of directions for flag-signaling. 
—See also 739. 757. a495. 

690. Spratt, James. (1771-1S53.) Homograph; or Every man a signal 

tower. 32 pp. 4 plates. Sm. 4to. London, 0^o8) 

A method is proposed for signaling by means of a white handkerchief; 
numerous illustrations. 

691. Trommsdorff, Johann B(artholomaeus). (1770-1837.) Geschichte 

des Galvanismus; oder, der Galvanischen Elektricitaet, vor- 
zueglich in chemischer Hinsicht. Second edition. 264 pp. 
I plate. Svo. Erfurt, 1808 

History of the early period of the electric current. The first edition of this 
work appeared in 1803. 

69s. Venanson, Flaminius. ( .) De Tinvention de la boussole 

nautique. 172 pp. Svo. Naples, 1808 

The invention of the mariner's compass is attributed, after much discussion, 
to Flavio Cioja of Amalfi. 

693. Cancellieri, Francesco Girolamo. (1751-1826.) Dissertatione 

epistolare bibliograficha sopra Christoforo Colombo di Cec- 
caro nel Monferrate, discopritore dell' America, e Giovanni 
Gerson di Cavaglia abate di S. Stefano in Vercelli, autore del 
libro De imitatione Christi, al ch. sign, cavaliere Gioanfran- 
cesco Galiani Napione di Cocconato Passano. 2 parts, xi-f- 
41 S pp. port. Svo. Rome, 1809 

The discovery of magnetic declination by Columbus is discussed, p. 58. 
Part i. contains: Notizie storiche e bibliografiche di Christoforo Colombo. 
Part ii.: Notizie storiche e bibliografiche di Giovanni Gerson. 

694. Capper, James, (i 743-1825.) Meteorological and miscellaneous 

tracts, applicable to navigation, gardening and farming, with 

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calendars of Flora for Greece, France, England and 
Sweden, xix+211 pp. tab. 8vo. Cardiff, (1809 f) 

Obtervationa on the aurora borealts and the barometer with icattered remarks 
on atmofpherie electricity. 

695. Delaunay, Claude Veau (also Veau de Launay, Claude Jean). 

(1755-1826.) Manuel de r61ectricit6» comprenant les principes 
616mentaires, Texposition des syst&mes, la description et Tusage 
des diff6rens appareils ^lectriques, un expos6 des m^thodes 
employees dans r61ectricit6 medical e; avec treize planches; 
suivi d'une table chronologique de tous les ouvrages relatifs 
4 r^lectricit6. iv+80+22 pp. 13 plates. 8vo. Paris, 1809 

Careful exposition of static electricity preceded by historical sketch and 
followed by a bibUography of the subject. 

696. Franklin, Benjamin, (i 706-1 790.) Works, consisting of his life, 

written by himself, together with essays, humorous, moral 
and literary. 2 vols, portr. i2mo. Edinburgh, 1809 

The autobiography is fpUowed by Dr. Stuber's continuation of Franklin's 
life. The story of the Lightning Kitf is given on p. 135. 
— See also 367. 

697.* (Green and Hazard.) An epitome of electricity and galvanism. 
By two Gentlemen of Philadelphia, iv pp.+2 l.+xlviii pp.+ 
2I.+159 PP.+4I. pi. 8vo. Philadelphia, 1809 

This is one of the earliest works on electricity published in America; it 
contains a carefully written account of contemporary discoveries, experiments 
and investigations. 

698. Hager, Joseph. (1757-1819.) Memoria sulla bussola orientale. 

31 pp. ill. Folio. Pavia, 1809 

The author gives the Chinese credit for the invention of the mariner's 
compass and also for a knowledge of magnetic variation; the pamphlet con- 
tains numerous references. 

699. Nicholson, William, (i 755-1815.) British encyclopedia; or 

Dictionary of arts and sciences, illustrated by Messrs. Lowry 
and Scott. 5 vols. pis. 8vo. London, 1809 

There are short articles on electric and magnetic subjects; also a lengthy 
account of the life and works of Franklin. 
— See also 510. 

700. Wesley, John, (i 703-1 791.) Survey of the wisdom of God in 

the creation; or, A compendium of natural philosophy. 5 vols. 

i2mo. London, 1809 

A handy encyclopaedia by the founder of Methodism; electricity and mag- 
netism briefly treated. First edition, 1763. 
— See also 403. 

701. Bywater, John. ( .) Essay on the history, practice and 

theory of electricity, iii-f-127 pp. 2 plates. 8vo. London, 1810 
The author holds that there are two electric fluids, vis., caloric and the 
constituent parts of the atmosphere, p. 94. 



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697.» GREEN AND HAZARD. 
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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

70a. Cuvier, (George Leopold Chretien Frederic Dagobert de). (1729- 
1822.) Rapport historique sur les progres sciences naturelles 
depuis 1789, et sur leur etat actuel pr^sent6 au gouvernement 
Ic 6 Feb. 1808. xvi+394 pp.+l. 8vo. Paris, 1810 

Brief history of "galvanism" p. 57; Volta's pile, p. 60. 
— See also 627, 

703. Delambre, Jean Baptiste Joseph. (1749-1822.) Rapport hi- 

storique sur les progres des sciences math^matiques depuis 
1789 et sur leur etat actuel. vii+362 pp. 8vo. Paris, 1810 

This historical report on the progress of mathematics was edited by Del- 
ambre, perpetual Secretary of the Academy of Sciences. 
— Sec also 766. 

704. De Luc, J(ean) A(ndr6). (1727-1817.) On the electric column 

and aerial electroscope. (Nicholson's Philos. Journ. Ser. II., 
Vol. 27, pp. 81-114.) 8vo. London, 1810 

Electrification due to contact; general effects. 
— See also 661. 

705. Libes, A(ntoine.) (1752-1832.) Histoire philosophique des 

progres de la physique. Vols I., II. (cplte in 4 voLs.) 8vo. 

Paris, 1810 

The progress of each branch of physical science briefly recorded; work 
of considerable merit. 
— See also 637. 

706. Mackay, Andrew. (1760-1809.) Theory and practice of finding 

the longitude at sea or land, to which are added various 
methods of determining the latitude of a place and variation 
of the compass, with new tables. Third edition. 2 vols. 
8 plates. 8vo. London, j8io 

Chapter on the compass and methods of finding the variation. 
(First edition published in i793<) 

707. Yatman, Matthew. Familiar analysis of the fluid capable of pro- 

ducing the phenomena of electricity and galvanism, or com- 
bustion; with some remarks on simple galvanic circles, and 
their influence upon the vital principle of animals. 73 pp. 
8vo. London, j8jo 

Electrical influence is the vital principle by which all nature is animated and 
regulated. Instances are given of its curative powers. 

708. Firmas-P^riez, A(rmand) C(harles) D(aniel de.) Pasit616gra- 

phie. 560 pp. 2 plates, portr. i2mo. Stuttgartf 1811 

Attempt at forming a universal language. 

709. Soemmering, Samuel Thomas. (1755-1830.) Ueber einen elek- 

trischen Telegraphen. (Denkschr. Baier. Akad. der Wiss. 
Muenchen, 1809-1810, pp. 401-414.) 2 plates. 4to. 

Munich^ 1811 

The author's telegraph in which signals are made by the decomposition of 
water; diagram of apparatus. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

710. Davy, (Sir) Humphry. (1778-1829.) Elements of chemical phil- 
osophy. Part I. (all published) 10 plates, portr. 8vo. 

London, 1H12 
Chapter on radiant matter. 
—See alao 634. 

7XX. De Luc, J(ean Andr6.) (1727-1817.) On the electrical effects 
produced by friction between bodies. (Extract, Nicholson's 
Philos. Journ., Vol. 33) 12 pp. 8vo. London, 1812 

Electrical experiments with glass, ribbons, sealing-wax. 
— See also 66z. 

71a. Kluge, Karl Alexander Ferdinand. Proeve eener voorstelling 
van het dierlijk magnetismus als geneesmiddel, uit het hoog- 
duitsch met eenige bjrvoegseten door F. van der Breggen. 
XX+551 pp. 8vo. Amsterdam^ 18 12 

Animal magnetism and its curative powers. 

713. (Southey, Robert.) (1774-1843.) Omniana; or Horae Otiosi- 

ores. 2 vols. i2mo. London, 1812 

In the ParUdas A. D. 1250, reference is made to the magnetic needle; 
original Spanish text with English translation p. 213. Southey, the poet 
laureate, was an accomplished Spanish scholar. 

714. Zamboni, Giuseppe. (1776-1846.) Delia pila elettrica a secco. 

55 PP- 3 plates. 8vo. Verona, 1812 

Description of the author's 'Mry" pile, also that of De Luc. 
— See also 775. 

715. Co8ta-Saya, Antonio. Dinamometro magnetico. (Extract, 

Giorn. del Sc. Contemporanea, Year I., Fasc. 5.) 31 pp. i plate. 
4to. Messina, 1813 

The author's magnetic dsmamometer and its use in establishing the law of 
the inverse square of the distance. 

7x6. (Hodson, F. M.) Encyclopedia Mancuniensis, or, The new 
school of arts, science and manufactures. Vol. I. (General 
account of electric phenomena.) 10 plates. 8vo. 

Manchester, 1813 

716a, (Another edition.) Vol. I. 8vo. London, 1815 

This edition was prepared by Dr. Augustus Chambers. 

717. Macedo, Jose Agostinho de. (1770-1831.) Newton, pocma. 95 
pp. i6mo. Lisbon, 1813 

Poem in Portuguese on the achievements of Sir Isaac Newton. 

7x8. Poisson, (Simeon Denis.) (1781-1840.) Second memoire sur la 
distribution de Telectricite i la surface des corps conducteurs. 
112 pp. 4to. (PariSt) 18 13 

Mathematical investigation of the distribution of charge in the case of two 
spheres in contact or apart. 
—See also 823, 1693, 2610. 

7x9. Signaux et dictionnaire t61egraphiques 4 Tusage des armees 
navales. 103 pp. 3 plates. 8vo. Paris, 1813 

Signaling with flags. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

7ao. Barlow, Peter. (1776-1862.) A new mathematical and philo- 
sophical dictionary; comprising an explanation of the terms 
and principles of pure and mixed mathematics and such 
branches of natural philosophy as are susceptible of mathe- 
matical investigation. With historical sketches of the rise, 
progress and present stat« of the several departments of 
these sciences, and an account of the discoveries and writ- 
ings of the most celebrated authors, both ancient and mod- 
ern. vii+772 pp. 13 plates, tables, diagr. 4to. London, 1814 
The author, a distinguished mathematician, is best known by his contribu- 
tions to terrestrial magnetism and the compensation of ships' compasses. 
— See also 765, 823, 1152, 2555* 

721. BerzeliuB, J(oens) Jacob. (1779-1848.) An attempt to estab- 
lish a pure scientific system of mineralogy, by the applica- 
tion of the electro-chemical theory and the chemical pro- 
portions; translated from the Swedish by John Black. Ij8 
pp. 8vo. London, 1814 

Work of the great Swedish chemist on the influence of electricity on 
chemical theory. 
— See alao 755. 

733. Higgins, William (Mullinger.) Experiments and observations 
on the atomic theory and electrical phenomena. 180 pp. 
8vo. Dublin, 1814 

Chemical work in which the author puts in a prior claim for the atomic 
theory against Dalton; heat due to vibratory motion, p. 37. 

7aaa. Experiences et observations sur les theories atomistiques et 

les phenomenes ^lectriques. (Extrait par M. H. Gaultier de 
Clanbry.) (Journ. Phys. et Chim., Vol. 84, pp. 392-394) 4to. 

Paris, 1817 
— See also 885, 932, 2676. 

733. Mayer, Jo(hann) Tobias. (1752-1830.) Commentatio de usu 

accuratori acus inclinatoriae magneticae. (Comm. Soc. Sc. 
Goettingen, Math. Kl., Vol. 3. pp. 3-38) i plate. 4to. 

Gottingen, 1814 
Construction and action of the dipping needle. 

734. Schweigger, J(ohann) S(alomo) C(hristoph). (1779-1857.) 

Ueber die Umdrehung der magnetischen Erdpole und ein 
davon abgeleitetes Gesetz des Trabantcn- und Planetcnum- 
laufes in Briefen an W. Pfaff, nebst einem Schreiben des 
letztern ueber Kepler's Weltharmonie. 90 pp. i2mo. 

Nuremberg, 1814 
Change in position of the earth's magnetic poles and its influence on the 
motion of planets. 
— See also i339» i37i' 

735. Singer, George John. (1786-1817.) Elements of electricity and 

electro-chemistry. xxvii-f-48o pp. i plate. 8vo. London, 1814 
The principles of static and voltaic electricity with numerous experimental 
illustrations. Two plates show the deflagration of wires of copper and 
gold by Leyden jar discharges. (See No. 2528.) 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

7a5a. (French translation.) filaments d'^lectricite ct de gal- 

vanisme. Traduit 4e Tanglais et augmente de notes par J. 
B. J. Thillayc. 655 pp. 5 plates. 8vo. Paris, 1817 

— See also 3536. 

726. (Volta, Alessandro.) (1745-1827) L'identita del fluido elet- 

trico col cost detto fluido galvanico vittoriosamente dimo- 
strata, con nuove esperienze ed osservazioni. Memoria comuni- 
cata al signore Pictro Configliachi. E aggiunto il catalogo 
delle sue opere stampate sino a tutto I'anno 1813. vi+145-f vii 
pp. 8vo. Pavia, 1814 

The matter of this ▼olume— the identity of volUic and galvanic electricity- 
was dictated by Volta to one of his pupils and edited by professor Con- 
fiKliachi. 
— See also 428. 

727. Wedgwood, R(alph.) Book of Remembrance, the outline of 

an almanack constructed on the ancient cycles of times, and 
proving, by an harmony of prophetic numbers that this is 
the predicted era of new things, the final restitution of all 
things; the fulness of the Gentiles. Also that great Baby- 
lon is now fallen, and Satan binding, in the empire and per- 
son of Napoleon, etc. (Appendix to vol. I. only published) 2 
vols. ill. 24mo. London, 1814 

Brief notice of a writing telegraph; see the Ehctrician, July 4, 1863. 

728. Forster, Thomas. Researches about atmospheric phenomena. 

Second edition corrected and enlarged. With a series of en- 
gravings illustrative of the modifications of the clouds, etc. 
xvi-t-271 pp. 6 plates. 8vo. London, 1815 

Work of interest on general meteorology; numerous quotations from classi- 
cal writers; prevalent superstitions; atmospheric electricity. 

728a. ^Third edition, corrected and enlarged to which is added the 

calendar of nature, xiv-f-448 pp. 6 plates. 8vo. 

London, 1823 
^-See also 2523. 

739. Barrow, (Sir) John. (1764-1848.) Facsimile copy of letter of 
August 1816 to Francis Ronalds relative to the electric Tele- 
graph. I p. 4to. 1816 

The message of the letter is "Telegraphs of any kind are now wholly unnec- 
essary." 
— See also 670. 

730. Donovan, M(ichael.) (1790 — ?) Essay on the origin, progress 
and present state of galvanism; containing investigations, 
experimental and speculative of the principal doctrines 
offered for the explanation of its phenomena; and a state- 
ment of a new hypothesis, xviii-l-390 pp. i plate. 8vo. 

Dublin, 1816 
History and discussion of the early theories of Toltaic electricity. 
— See also 2526. 

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731. Volta, (Alcssandro.) (1745-1827.) CoUezionc dell operc del cav- 
aliere conte Alessandro Volta. 3 vols, in 5. pi. portr. 8vo. 

Florence^ 1816 

Part I. Vol. I. The electrophonis, p. 103; electrical condeoMtion, p. 219; 
Vol. 2, animal electricity; Part II. Vol. i, clouds electrified by friction 
sometimes positively and sometimes negatively, p. 270; the aurora borealis, 
p. 428; Part II, Vol. 2, letter to Sir Joseph Banks announcing discovery 
of battery, p. 95. (See No. 2497.) For early work on electric telegraph, see 
Ronald's letter. No. 3253a (reproduced on preceding pages.) 
— See also 428. 

73a, Weber, Joseph. {1753-1831.) Vom dynatnischen Leben der Na- 
tur ueberhaupt, und vom elektrischen Leben im Doppelelek- 
trophor insbesondere, 151 pp. i2mo. Landshut, 1816 

Experiments with the electrophorus. 
— See also 477. 

733. Bain, William. (1775-1853.) Essay on the variation of the 

compass; with observations and remarks. 140 pp. i map. 

8vo. Edinburgh^ i8iy 

Discussion of agonic Unes, magnetic dip, variation and direction of ship's 
head; Flinder's rules. 

734. Biot, J{can) B(aptiste). (1774-1862.) On the laws of terres- 

trial magnetism in various parts of the earth. Translated 
with notes, by T. S. Evans, 24 pp. i plate. 8vo. London, 1817 

Chapter from the author's Traiti de Physique, x8i6. 

— See also 633. 

735. Bompass, Charles Carpenter. Essay on the nature of heat, 

light and electricity, x+266 pp. 8vo. London, 1817 

The nature of electric attraction is discussed, electricity being considered a 

material entity; turmaline, p. 236; cause of magnetism, a peculiar ethereal 
fluid, p. 347* 

736. Bondioli, Pietro Antonio. (1765-1808.) Sopra Taurora boreale. 

(Nuovi Saggi sc. e lett. Acad. Sc. Padova, Vol. i, pp. 55-79.) 
i2mo. Padua, (181/) 

This pamphlet contains a long letter from Volta on the cause of polar 

aurorae. 

737. Clark, Hewton, and John DougalL (1787-1833?) Cabinet of 

arts; or General instructor in arts, science, trade, practical 
machinery. 859 pp. 7 plates. 8vo. London, 1817 

A short section on electricity and another on magnetism. 

738. (Gregory, Olinthus Gilbert.) (1774-1841.) Dissertation on 

weights and measures and the best means of revising them. 
40 pp. 8vo. London, 1817 

Pamphlet containing points of historic interest on standards. 
— See also 811, 1x4^. 

739. Macdonald, John. (1759-1831.) Naval, military and political 

telegraphic dictionary numerically arranged. 8vo. London, 1817 
ComprehensiTC telegraphic dictionary in which numbers stand for words; 
it cost the author 15 years of continued work. 
—See also 689. 

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740. Oppian. (Second century.) Les Halieutiques traduits du Grec 

du poeme d'Oppien, ou traite de la peche et des moeurs 
des habitans des eaux, par J. M. Limes. 396 pp. i plate. 8vo. 

Paris, 1817 

Poetic deMripdon of the electric powers of the torpedo fiih, p. S8, by the 
celebrated Greek poet. 

741. Ozeray, Michel-Jean-Frangois. (1764-1859.) Recherches sur 

Buddou ou Bouddou (Foe), tnstituteur religieux de TAsie 
orientale; prec^d^es de considerations g^n^rales sur les pre- 
miers hommages rendus au Createur; sur la corruption de la 
religion, Tetablissement des cultes du soleil, de la lune, des 
planetes, du ciel, de la terre, des montagnes, des eaux, des 
forets, des hommes et des animaux. xxxv-|-i37 pp. 8vo. 

Paris, 1817 
Religion and practices of the Buddhists. 

74a. Achmed, Teifaschius. Fior di pensieri sulle pietre preziose, 
opera stampata nel suo originale Arabo, colla traduzione 
Italiana appresso, e diverse note di Antonio Raineri. 31 l.-f- 
118 pp. 4to. Florence^ 1818 

Work on precious stones with a few pages on the magnet and its properties: 
Arabic text with Italian translation. 

743. Bostock, John. (1774-1846.) Account of the history and pres- 

ent state of galvanism. 164 pp. 2 plates. 8vo. London, 1818 
The greater part of the work is a critical history of the subject; the rest 
treats of the theories advanced by Galvani and Volta. 

744. Clarke, George. Treatise on the magnetism of the needle; on 

the Great Luminary, or reservoir of light called the Sun; the 
properties of light, etc. 24 pp. i2mo. London, 1818 

"The sun*s path at the equator being east and west, it is evident that its 
attraction for oxygen must be north and south and constitutes the 
magnetism of the needle*', p. 12. (First edition published, i9i6). 

745. Delafossc, (Gabriel.) (1796-1878.) Memoire sur J'electricite 

des mineraux. (Ann. Mines, Vol. 3 pp. 209-226) 8vo. 

Paris, 1818 
Electrification of certain minerals by rubbing and by heating. 

746. Joyce, J(eremiah.) (1763-1816.) Scientific dialogues, in which 

the first principles of natural and experimental philosophy are 
fully explained. Vol. 6: Electricity and Galvanism. i6mo. 

London, 1818 

The elements of natural philosophy. (A complete set comprises 7 vols.) 

746a. (New edition.) Scientific dialogues. Intended for the in- 
struction and entertainment of young people: in which the 
first principles of natural and experimental philosophy are 
fully explained. By the Rev. Jeremiah Joyce, with correc- 
tions by Dr. Olinthus Gregory. A new and enlarged edition 
containing the recent additions to science. By Charles 
V(incent) Walker, xvi+495 PP. ill- diagr. London, 1853 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

747* La Beaume (Michael.) Observations on the properties of the 
air-pump, vapour-bath, pointing out their efficacy in the cure 
of gouty rheumatism, palsy, etc., with remarks on factitious 
airs and on the improved state of medical electricity. 88 pp. 
8vo. (London, i8i8f) 

—Sec also 770, 843. 868, 9J3. 

748. Lynn, Thomas. Improved system of telegraphic communica- 

tion. Second edition carefully revised and improved. (Con- 
tinuation of the General Vocabulary. Supplementary Vo- 
cabulary) xxxvi pp. ill. 3 plates. i2mo. London, 181S 
Signaling with flags. 

749. Maissiat, (Michel.) (i 770-1822.) Memoire sur quelques 

changements faits i la boussole et au rapporteur, suivi de la 
description d'un nouvel instrument, nomm^ grammom^tre 
servant i disposer sur les plans et cartes, les hauteurs et 
rinclinaison des ^critures et k diviser, sans compas, les lignes 
droites. 178 pp. 8 plates. 8vo. Paris, 1818 

Construction and use of the surveying compass preceded by a short history 
of the mariner's compass. 

75a Marryaty Frederick. (i7$^-i848.) Code of signals for the use of 
vessels employed in the Merchant Service; including a cy- 
pher for secret correspondence. Added a list of the agents 
to Lloyd's. Second edition. 3 plates. L. 8vo. London, 1818 
Signaling with flags. 

750a. Universal code of signals for the mercantile marine of all 

nations, with a selection of sentences adapted for convoys, 
and systems of geometrical, night and fog signals. By G. 
B. Richardson. 7 plates. 8vo. London, 1864 

Practical handbook of flag-signaling. 

751.* Salgues, J(acques) B(arthelemy.) (1760-1830.) Des erreurs 
et des prejuges repandus dans les diverses classes de la soci- 
ete. Troisieme Edition, revue et corigee. 3 vols. 8vo. 

Paris, 1818-1823 

Discussion of erroneous views popularly entertained concerning the divin- 
ing-rod, lightning conductors, thunderbolts and the ringing of bells during 
thunderstorms. 

75a. Vcnc, A. Essai sur une nouvelle theorie de I'electricite conte- 
nant une refutation du systeme des deux fluides vitr^ et r^- 
sineux et une explication de plusieurs phenomedes meteoro- 
logiques. 118 pp. i plate. 8vo. Arras^ (i8i8?) 

The author admits only one electrical fluid held in a body by molecular 
attraction. 

753. Vogd, (Johann) Ludwig (Andreas.) (1771-1840.) Die Wun- 
der des Magnetismus. 280 pp. 8vo. Erfurt, {1818) 

Chapter on animal electricity. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

754.t Aldini, Giovanni. (1762-1834.) General views on the applica- 
tion of galvanism to medical purposes principally in cases 
of superseded animation. viii-|-96 pp. 8vo. London, 18 19 

Apparatus and application in certain cases of difficult breathing or sus- 
pended animation. Sulzer's experiment on "Galvanic taste" anticipating 
Galvani and Volta. 
— See also S7S- 

755* Berzeliu8» Joens Jacob. (1779-1848.) Essai sur la fheorie des 
proportions chimiques et sur Tinfluence chimique de I'elec- 
tricit6, traduit du Suedois sous les yeux de Tauteur et publie 
par lui-meme. xvi+igo-\-i20 pp.+l I. 8vo. Paris, i8ig 

Electricity, the cause of chemical affinity; light and heat are some of its 
modifications, p. 91. 
— See also 7Jx. 

756. Hanstcen, Christopher. (1784-1873.) Untersuchungen ueber 

den Magnetismus der Erde, uebersetzt von P. Treschow 
Hanson. Part i. With Atlas, xxx+502+148 pp. 7 maps, 5 
plates. 4to. Folio. Christiania, i8ig 

The fifth chapter deals with the mathematical theory of magnetism; the 
author favors Halley's views regarding terrestrial magnetism, which as- 
sign to the earth two magnetic axes. (See Nos. 3649, 2698.) 
— See also 860, 1018, 1321, 1458, 2575bis. 

757. Macdonald, John. (1759-1831.) Circumstantial and explanatory 

account of experiments lately made at the Royal Artillery 
Depot at Woolwich, with a view of ascertaining the com- 
parative accuracy of the relative times of burning of fuzes 
driven by a machine, opposed to those of the common de- 
scription, with a correspondence carried on in the years 
1817 and 1818 on this and other important branches of the 
science of artillery. Iiv-f272 pp. pi. 8vo. London, 1819 

The appendix contains lengthy account of signaling by means of mechanical 

telegraphs. 

—See also 689. 

758. Mitchell, James. (1786-1844.) Elements of natural philosophy, 

illustrated by experiments which may be performed with- 
out regular apparatus, xx-l-362 pp. i plate. i2mo. 

London, 1819 
Elementary textbook; magnetic declination, p. 279. 
— See also 834. 

759. Muncke, G(eorg) W(ilhclm.) (1772-1847.) Anfangsgruende der 

Naturlehre. 2 vols. 2 plates. 8vo. Heidelberg^ 1819^1820 

Textbook with chapters on electricity and magnetism. 
— See also 850. 

76a Redeniy (Sigismond Ehrenreich von.) On the sentient faculty, 
and principles of human magnetism; translated from the 
French and elucidated with notes by Francis Corbaux. 217 
pp. 8vo. London, 1819 

Brief history of mesmerism. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

761. Mamm, Martin van. (1750-1837.) Sur la th^orie de Franklin, 
suivant lequel les ph^nom^nes electriques sont expliques par 
un seul fluide. 29 pp. i plate. 8vo. {Harlem,) 1819 

The one-fluid theory of electricity and its modification by Aepinus. 

761a* Observations on a memoir. "On the theory of Franklin 

according to which electrical phenomena are explained by a 
single fluid." Read at the Royal Institution of Sciences at 
Amsterdam by M. Martin van Marum. (Ann. of Philos. 
N. S. Vol. I, pp. 181-186.) I plate. 8vo. London, 1821 
"Franklin impeded the progress of science by his hypothesis respecting 
electricity which seems inevitably doomed to death/' p. 18a. 
— See also 461. 

76a. Ampere, Andre Marie. (1775-18361) M^moires sur Taction mu- 
tuelle de deux courants 61ectriques, sur celle qui existe entre 
un courant electrique et un aimant ou le globe terrestre, et 
celle de deux aimans. Tun sur I'autre. (Ann. Chim. Phys., 
Vol. 15, pp. 59-76+170-218) 5 plates. — Conclusions de M6- 
moires. 2 pp. 8vo. 4to. Paris, 1820 

Three classical papers on the fundamental principles of electro-dynamics. 
(See No. SsSbis.) 

763. Notes sur les lectures qu'il a faites i TAcademie des Sci- 
ences. (On the mutual action of two electrical elements and 
on electro-magnetism.) (Journ. Phys. Vol. 91, pp. 226-230; 
Vol. 92, pp. 304-309) 4to. Paris, 1820-1821 

Abstract of the author's communications to the French Academy in 1820- 
1821. 

763a. Note sur un memoire lu i I'Acad^mie Royale des Sciences 

dans la seance du 4 Dec. 1820 (Extract, Journ. Phys., 1820) 4 
pp. 4to. Paris, 1820 

— See also 777, 784, 796, SsSbis, 1853, i93obis, 2561. 

764* Barclay, John. Elements of natural and experimental philoso- 
phy. xvii-f450 pp. ill. S plates. i2mo. London, 1820 
General phenomena of electricity and magnetism. 

765. Barlow, Peter. (1776-1862.) Essay on magnetic attractions; 
l5articularly as respects the deviation of the compass on ship- 
board occasioned by the local influence of the guns, etc., 
with an easy practical method of observing the same in all 
parts of the world. xii-t-i4S pp. i plate. 8vo. 

London, 1820 
Experiments made to ascertain the local attraction of ship's guns on the com- 
pass. Remarks on the reversal of polarity in steel bars* p. 124; Morichini's 
obseryation of the supposed magnetic effect due to violet rays, p. 130; 
beams of magnetic matter in the atmosphere p. 131. 

765a. Essay on magnetic attractions and on the laws of terres- 
trial and electro-magnetism comprising a popular course of 
curious and interesting experiments on the latter subject, 
and an easy experimental method of correcting the local 
attraction of vessels on the compass in all parts of the world. 

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PREMIER MEMOIRE. 

De r Action exercee sur un eourant eleetrique , 
par Un autre eourant, k globe teirestre ou ah 
aimanii 

$ i^^ De t Action muiuelle de deux coufans electriques. 

L^ACTtoA d^cthMliotrice se matitfest^ pAr deux ^otXes 
d'effeU iqiie {e brOis d<iVoir d'abdfd distinguer par unt 
definition precise. 

J'appellerai le premier tension eledrique , le seeond 
eoufant elecirii)ut. 

Le premier s'observe lorsque les deux corps eiUre les* 
quels raction ^lectro-tnotrice a lieu soat separes Tun de 
Tautre (i) par des corps uon conducieurs dans tous lei 
points de leur surface autres Ique ceux ou clle ^st ^ta* 
blie ; le second est celui ou ils font, au c6nu*aire, parties 
d*un eircuit de corps coriducteurs qui les font coinmu" 
liiquer par des points de leur surface (Uffi^rens de ceux ou 
se produit Taction electro-moU'ice (2). Dans.le premier 

(1) Quand cetle separation a lieu par la simple iolerrup* 
tion des cdrp^ conducteurs , cVst encore par un corps non 
c6nducteur, par Tair, qu'ils soot separes. 

(2) Ce cas comprend celui ou les deux corps ou sjslciiies 
de corps eotre lesqnels a lieu faction elcctro-motrice , se* 
raient en communication complete avec le reservoir commun 
qui ferail alors panic du circuit. 

762. AMPERE. 
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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

Second edition, much enlarged and improved. Illustrated 
with plates by Lowry. xii+303 PP- 6 plates. 8vo. 

London, 1823 
Important additions made to the first edition; rate of chronometer as affected 
by magnetism of ships; the author's two-fluid theory; magnetic action of 
iron spheres, bars and masts; experiments in electro-magnetism. (See Nos. 
2571. a65sa.) 
— See also 720. 

766. Delambre, (Jean Baptiste Joseph.) (1749-1822.) Memoires con- 

tenant des experiences relatives a Taction mutuelle de deux 
courants electriques, et a celle qui existe entre un courant 
electrique et le globe de la terre ou un aimant; par M. Am- 
pere. (Extract, TAnalyse des travaux de TAcademie des 
Sciences, Partie Mathematique) 15 pp. 4to. Paris, 1820 

The mutual action of conductors conveying currents; Ampere's laws; Arago's 
discoveries in electromagnetism, 1820. 
— See also 703. 

767. Gregory, G(eorge.) (1754-1808.) Lectures on experimental phil- 

osophy, astronomy and chemistry. Second edition. 2 vols. 
35 plates. i2mo. London, 1820 

Two short lectures on electricity. 
— See also 598. 

768. Hachette, (Jean Nicholas Pierre.) (1769-1834.) Sur les expe- 

riences electro-magnetiques de MM. Oersted et Ampere. 
(Journ. Phys., Vol. 91, pp. 161-169) 4to. Paris, 1820 

Use of mariner's compass in France in 1260, p. i; Oersted's experiment, 
p. 2; polarity of ship's compass reversed by lightning, p. 4; Ampere's ex- 
periments with solenoids, p. 5; magnetic action of current through battery 
itself, p. 5; action of earth on conductor carrying current, p. 7. 

769. Hare, R(obert.) (1781-1858.) Memoir on some new modifica- 

tions of galvanic apparatus, with observations in support of 
his new theory of galvanism. 17 pp. i plate. 8vo. 

(Philadelphia), {1820?) 
Description of "deflagration." Dr. Hare was a distinguished American 
chemist and physidst. 
— See also 683. 

770. La Beaume, (Michael.) Remarks on the history and philoso- 

phy, but particularly on the medical efficacy of electricity in 
the cure of nervous and chronic disorders and in various 
local affections, as blindness, deafness, etc., together with 
observations on galvanism as an efficient substitute for mer- 
curial remedies in bilious and stomach complaints. Second 
edition, greatly enlarged, xix, 21-273 pp. 2 plates. i2mo. 

London, 1820 
Brief history of electricity; its properties and curative powers in cases of 
nervous and chronic disorders. 
— See also 747. 

771. Lapostolle, (Alexandre Ferdinand Leonce.) Traite des 

parafoudres et des paragreles en cordes de paille precede 

1-19 281 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

d'une m^t^orologie electrique prdsent^e sous un nouveau 
jour et termin^e par I'analyse de la bouteille de Leyde. v4- 
320 pp. — Premier Supplement: Appcl i ropinion publique, 
ou R^ponse i un rapport fait i TAcademie Royale des Sci- 
ences de Paris, dans sa stance du 24 juillet, 1820. 24 pp. 8vo. 

Amiens, 1820 
After considering the effects of lightning and describing his straw-rope 
lightning-rod, the author proposes similar means to prevent the destruction 
of crops by hailstorms. 

773. Liecoimt, P(eter.} A description of the changeable magnetic 
properties possessed by all iron bodies, and the different 
effects produced by the same on ships' compasses, from the 
position of the ship's head being altered. 55 pp. ill. Svo. 

London, 1820 
General theory and practise of compass compensation. 

773. Oersted, H(ans) C(hristian.) (1770-1851.) Experimenta circa 

effectum conflictus electrici in acum magneticam. 4 pp. Sm. 
4to. Copenhagen, 1820 

The celebrated and excessively rare four-page announcement of the discovery 
of the magnetic effect of the electric current. A translation into English, 
dated July ai, 1820, was made by Oersted for Thomson's Annals of Philos- 
ophy (pp. 273-37$, voL xvi., I Sao), to which is appended a note by the 
author as follows: "I have demonstrated in a book published five years ago 
that heat and light consist of the conflict of the electricities. From the ob- 
servations now stated, we may conclude that a circular motion likewise occurs 
in these effects." The Latin text and an English translation by Rev. J. E. 
Kempe, accompanied by a fac-simile signature and brief biography of Oersted, 
are printed in the Journal of the Society of Telegraph Engineers, vol. v., 
1876, pp. 4S9'469- 

773a. (French translation.) Experiences sur un effet que le cou- 

rant de la pile excite dans Taiguille aimant^e. (Journ. Phys. 
Chim. et d'Hist. Nat., Vol. 91, pp. 72-80.) i plate. 4to. 

Paris, 1820 
The magnetic effect of the electric current discovered by the author; also 
note by Axap^rt containing the elect rodynamical laws. 
— See also 1184, 2580. 

774. Seebeck, (Johann Thomas). (1770-1831.) Ueber den Mag- 

netismus der galvanischen Kette. (Abh. Akad. Wiss. Ber- 
lin, 1820-1821, pp. 289-346) 3 plates. 4to. Berlin, 1820-1821 
Action of the electric current on a magnetic needle; research on the Oersted 
effect. Seebeck's earliest magnetic work of importance. 
— See also 806. 

775. Zamboni, Giuseppe. (1776-1846.) L'elettromotore perpetuo. 

Trattato. Parte prima e seconda. 2984-361 pp. 111. 8vo. 

Verona, 1820-1822 
General electrical phenomena; details of the author's "dry" pile. 
— See also 714. 

776. Althaut, Julius von. (1791 — ?) Versuche ueber den Elektro- 

magnetismus nebst einer kurzen Pruefung der Theorie des 

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EXPERIMENTA 

CniCA EFFECTUH 

CONFLICTUS ELECTRICI IN ACUM 
MAGNETICAM. 



XrinM experimenu circa rem, quam iUuslrare aggredior, in icliolis de Elcctriciute, 
GalvanUmo et Magnetismo proxime-supcriori hieme a me habitia iiutilau sunt. Hit 
expcrimentis monslrari videbatur , acam magneiicam ope apparatua galvanici e sita 
movcri; idqae circulo galvantco daao, non apcrto, at fruatra tenuverunt aliquol 
ablkiuc annis pliyaici quidam celeberrimi. Cum aalemliec ezperinenla apparatn mi- 
Biu clBcaci inatitata cssent , ideoque plicnoroena cdita pro rei gravitate non tatia lu- 
cnlenu vidcrentuTf aocium adacivi amicom Eamarch, regi a coatiiliia jostitiae , at vx- 
pcrimenta cum magno apparatn galvanico, a nobia conjunctim instructOy I'epeteren* 
tur ct augercntor. Etiam vir egrcgioa Wleugcl, cques aaratua ord. Dan, et apud not 
prsrcctus rci gnbematoria, experimentis interfuit, nobia socins et tcstia. Preteret 
testes fucrunt bornm expcrimentorum vir cxcellcntissimua ct a rege summis bonoribas 
decoratns Hauch, cujus in rebus naturalibus scientia jam diu inchuruity vir acniiasi* 
mus Reinbardty Hliloriie naturalis Professor » vir in experimentis ioatituendis saga- 
cissimus Jacobsan, Medicine Professor, ct Cbemicus expcrientissimus Zeise, Pbiioso- 
pbia! Doctor. Ssepius equidem solus cxpcrimcnu circa materiam propositam insti- 
ttti f qua autem iu mibi contigit detegere pbanomena , in conventn borum virorum 
doctissimomm repeti? i. 

In experimentis recensendis omnia prctcrfto, qa» ad rationem rei inveniea- 
dam quid^n conduxeront, bac autem inventa rem amplius illusti*ar9 nequeunt; in eis 
igitnr, que rei rationem perspicne dcmonstrant, acquiescamus. 

Apparatus galvauicus,. qno usussummus, constat viginti receptacnlis cupreis 
rectangnlaribus, quorum et longitudo et altitudo duodecim equaliier cstpoHicnm^ 
latitudo autem duos pollices et dimidium vix excedit. Qvodvis reccptacuium dua- 
bua laminis cupreis instroctnm est ita inclinatia,utbaculam cnpreum, qui laminamzin- 
ceam in aqua recepuculi proximi sustcntat, portare possint. Aqua reccptaculornm 
^ sui ponderis acidi sn]pburici ct pariter ^ acidi nitrici coniinei. Part cujusqae 
kmins Zincea in aqua s^mcrsa Qvadraium est, cujns latns circiter longitudincm 
10 pollicnm babeu Etiam apparatua minoret adbibcri possunt, si modo (iluio me* 
tallicum candcfacere valeanu 

773. OERSTED. (Reduced.) 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

Hernn Ampere; mit einer Vorrede vom Hofrath Muncke. 57 
pp. I plate. i2mo. Heidelberg, 1821 

Remarks on Ampere's electrodynamical experiments. 

777. Ampere, (Andre Marie.) (177S-1836.) Reponse a la lettrc de 

M. van Beek, sur une nouvelle experience electro-magnetique. 

(Journ. Phys. Chim. et d'Hist. Nat., Vol. 93, pp. 447-467) 4to. 

Paris, 1821 
Reply to van Beek's criticism. (See No. 783.) 
— See also 762. 

778. Cumming, J(ames.) (1777-1861.) On the application of mag- 

netism as a measure of electricity. (Trans. Cambridge 
Philos. Soc, Vol. I, pp. 15-20) I plate. 4to. 

Cambridge, 182 1 
Early form of the tangent galvanometer; first recorded use of a wire sur- 
rounding a pivoted needle to measure strength of current. 
— See also 786, 827, 2572. 

779. Enfield, W(illiam.) Scientific amusements in philosophy 

and mathematics; including arithmetic, acoustics, electricity, 
magnetism, optics, pneumatics, together with amusing 
secrets in various branches of science, xii-l-276 pp. i plate. 
i2mo. London, 1821 

78a Erman, P(aul.) (1764-1851.) Umrisse zu den physischen Ver- 
haeltnissen des von Herrn Oersted entdeckten elektroche- 
mischen Magnetismus. 112 pp. i plate. 2 tables. 8vo. 

Berlin, 1821 
Observations and experiments on the effect of a current on the dipping and 
compass needles; Zamboni's "pile**. 

781. Oersted, J. B. Considerations sur I'electro-magnetisme. (Journ. 
Phys. Chim. et d'Hist. Nat., Vol. 93, pp. 161-180) i plate. 4to. 
Researches on electro-magnetism. farts, Io2I 

78a. Schrader, C. De electro-magnetismo. Quam consensu illustris 
medicorum ordinis in inclyta Academia Fridericiana Halensi 
defendit. 35 pp. i plate. 8vo. (Dissertatio inauguralis med- 
ico-physica.) Halle, 1821 

Schweigger's multiplier; some medical uses of the voltaic current. 

783. Beek, A(lbert) van. (i 787-1856.) Lettre a M. Ampere. (Journ. 

Phys. Chim. et d'Hist. Nat, Vol. 93, pp. 312-320) 4to. 

Paris, 1821 
Remarks on Ampere's theory of magnetism. (See No. 777.) 

784. Ampere, (Andre Marie.) (1775-1836.) Recueil d'observations 

^ectro-dynamiques, contenant divers memoires, notices, ex- 
traits de lettres, relatifs i Taction mutuelle de deux courants 
^lectriques, i celle qui existe entre un courant electrique et 
un aimant ou le globe terrestre et a celle de deux aimans Tun 
sur I'autre. 344 pp. 9 plates. 8vo. Paris, 1822 

The author's classical investigations in electro-dynamics together with ex- 
perimental illustrations. Also a paper by De la Rive on the action of the 
earth on a movable circuit carrying a current. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

785. Notice sur les nouvelles experiences electro-magnetiques 

faites par differens physiciens, depuis le mois de mars 1821. 
(Journ. Phys. Chim. et d'Hist. Nat., Vol. 94, pp. 61-66) 4to. 

Paris, 1822 
Brief exposition of the author's theory of magnetism. 
See also 762. 

786. Gumming, J(ames). (i 777-1861.) On the connexion of galvanism 

and magnetism. (Trans. Cambridge Philos. Soc, Vol. I, pp. 
269-280) 4to. Cambridge^ 1822 

Discussion of several effects of the current especially its action on a mag* 
netic needle. 
— See also 778. 

787. Faraday, Michael, (i 791-1867.) Description of an electro-mag- 

netical apparatus for the exhibition of rotatory motioa 
(Quart. Journ. Sc, Vol. 12, pp. 283-285) i plate. 8vo. 

London, 1822 
Rotation of a current round the pole of a magnet. (Autograph copy). 

787a. Note on new electro-magnetical motions. (Quart. Journ. 

Sc, Vol. 12, pp. 416-421) 8vo. London, 1822 

— See also 959, 1282, 1353, 1488, 2549. 

788. Luscombe, £(dmund) and M(atthias) Luacombe. Langue tel^- 

graphique universelle, ou, Code de signaux adopt6s dans les 
marines marchandes de France et d'Angleterre et transmis 
par ordre du gouvernement britannique aux commandants 
de tons les batiments du Roi, pour leur servir de communica- 
tion avec les navires marchands, adapte a Tusage du commerce 
maritime de France. 3 plates. 8vo. Havre, (1822?) 

Flags for signaling in the navy; the authors are said to have been the first 
to use colored flags for the purpose. 

789. Moll, G(erit.) (1785-1838.) Sur des experiences ^lectro-mag- 

netiques. (Journ. Phys. Chim. et d'Hist. Nat., Vol. 94, pp. 
379-388) 4to. London, 1822 

Magnetization of needles by the current. 

790. Roberta, G(eorge.) Catechism of electricity. Second edition. 

(Pinnock's Catechisms) 71 pp. ill. i6mo. Berlin, (1822) 

— See also 826. 

791. Robiaon, John, (i 739-1805.) System of mechanical philosophy, 

with notes by David Brewster. 4 vols. 8vo. Edinburgh, 1822 
Lengthy treatment of static electricity; discussion of magnetic declination, 
its cyclic and irregular changes. Earthquakes and the compass, p. 371. 

79a. Heyden, J. M. van der. Lettre a M. Ampere. (Journ. Phys. 
Chim. et d'Hist. Nat, Vol. 94, pp. 67-71) 4to. Paris, 1822 

Reference to the author's memoir on electro-magnetism. 

793. M^moire sur Tclectro-magnetisme. (Journ. Phys. Chim. et 

d'Hist. Nat., Vol. 94, pp. 284-296+321-344) i plate. 4to. 

Paris, 1822 

Series of electro-magnetical experiments. 

38s 



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/^J 




Figs 



Tig t- 




i£ 



787. FARADAY, (Rgduced,) 
2S6 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

794. Wit, Aegidius de. Responsio ad quaestionem propositam: De- 
scribantur, et quantum id experientia ducc fieri potest, ex- 
plicentur acus magneticae phaenomena. Ostendatur illius 
usus in nautica arte, atque viae maxime expeditae, quibus eius 
declinatio, inclinatio, atque vis magneticae, qua praedita est, 
intensitas, definiri possint. (Ann. Acad. Rheno-Trajectinae, 
1821-1822} 78 pp. I plate. 8vo. Utrecht, 1822 

This dissertation offers a physical explanation of magnetic attraction, re- 
pulsion, declination and dip. 

795* Primum mobile; or. Solar repulsion; being a query concerning 
the primary cause of motion in the solar system, as connec- 
ted with gravity. By the Author of "Creation," a poem. 11+ 
264 pp. I plate. 8vo. (Privately printed.) Liverpool, 1822 

Speculations on the cause of the changes in magnetic dedtnation, the 
nature of negative electricity, the xodiacal light, and polar aurorae. 

796. Ampere, (Andr^ Marie.) (177S-1836.) Expos^ m^thodique, des 

phenomenes electro-dynamiques et des lois de ces ph^nomines, 
(Journ. Phys. Chim. et d'Hist. Nat., Vol. 96, pp. 248-257) 4ta 

Paris, 1823 
Consecutive account of electrodynamic phenomena beginning with the mutual 
repulsion of the elements of a rectilinear current. 
— See also 76a. 

797. Demonferrand, J(ean) B(aptiste) F(irmin.) (179S-1844.) Manuel 

d'^lectricite dynamique, ou, traite sur Taction mutuelle des con- 
ducteurs ^lectriques et des aimants. 210 pp. 10 plates. 8vo. 

Paris, 1823 
Fundamental phenomena and laws of electro-dynamics. (See No. Bay,) 

798. Donker, Curtius Boudewin. Commentatio ad quaestionem physi- 

cam de convenientia atque differentia effectuum tensionis elec- 
tricae et fluxus electrici. 53 pp. 4to. Leyden, 1823 

Electro-magnetic phenomena; Ampere's theory. 

799. Eyk, S. Speyert van dcr. Verhandeling over het electro-mag- 

netismus. 30 pp. i plate. 8vo. Harlem, 1823 

Polarity and magnetic action of solenoids. 

80a Ferguson, James, (i 710-1776.) Essays and treatises, with an ap- 
pendix relative to electricity, galvanism and electro-magne- 
tism by David Brewster, v-l-382 pp. 14 plates. 8vo. 

Edinburgh, 1823 

Forty pages on elementary electricity. 
— See also 429. 

8ox. Harris, (Sir) William Snow. (1792-1867.) Observations on the 
effects of lightning on floating bodies, with an account of a 
new method of applying fixed and continuous conductors of 
electricity to the masts of ships; in a letter addressed to Sir 
Thomas Byam Martin. 89 pp. 5 plates. 4to. London, 1823 

— See also 838, 841, 1019, 1043, X114, xi43» zz8o, 1230, 1358, 1676, J556. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

802. Kaemtz, Ludwig Friedrich. (1801-1867.) De legibus repulsionum 

electricarum mathematicis. (Inaugural dissertation.) 29 pp. 
I plate. 8vo. Halle, 1823 

Criticism of the evidence given by Coulomb and others for the law of the 
inverse square of the distance. 
— See also 1076. 

803. Ronalds, (Sir) Francis. (1788-1873.) Descriptions of an electri- 

cal telegraph and of some other electrical apparatus. 83 pp. 
8 plates. 8vo. London, 1823 

Buried conductors, p. 17; experiments on atmospheric electricity, p. 28; 
"dry" pile, p. 66. Account of experiments on signaling by static electricity 
undertaken in 18 16. The apparatus of Ronalds was the prototype of elec- 
trical dial-telegraphs; pamphlet of historic interest. (See No. 729.) 

803a. Description of an electrical telegraph. Second edition. 25 

pp. 4 plates. 8vo. London, 1871 

— See also 846, ii49f 1338, 2207, 2534. 

804. Savary (Savart Felix). (1797-1841.) M^moire sur Tapplication 

du calcul aux ph6nom^nes electro-dynamiques. 26 pp. i plate. 
4to. Paris, 1823 

Discussion of Ampere's mathematical formulae. 
— See also 2612. 

805. Scoresby, William. (1789-1857.) Description of a magnetome- 

ter, being a new instrument for measuring magnetic attrac- 
tions, and finding the dip of the needle; with an account of 
experiments made with it. (Trans. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh, Vol. 
9, pp. 243-258) I plate. 4to. Edinburgh, 1823 

The paper contains a number of remarks and experiments on magnets in 
general; illustration of the author's dipping needle. 
— Sec also 1070, 1466, 2545. 

806. Seebeck, (Johann Thomas.) (1770-1831.) Magnetische Polari- 

sation der Metalle und Erze durch Temperatur-Differenz. 

(Abh. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1822-1823, pp. 265-373) 2 plates. 4to. 

Berlin, 1823 
Researches in thermo-electricity; the author was one of the earliest investi- 
gators. 
— See also 774. 

807. Smith, James. Panorama of science and art. 2 vols, i plate. 8vo. 

Liverpool^ 1823 
The leading facts and principles of magnetism and electricity. 

808. Ydin, Julius (Konrad) von. (1771-1826.) Neue elektro-mag- 

netische Versuche; die magneto-motorische Wirkung der 
fluessigen Saeuren, Basen und Salze mittelst einfacher metal- 
lischer Leiter und einer einfachen Ladungssaeule mit trenn- 
baren einpoligen Element en. 15 pp. 4to. Munich, 1823 

The magnetic effect of the electric current. 

809. Biot, J(ean) B(aptiste.) (1774-1862.) Precis ^lementaire de 

physique experimentale. Troisieme edition. 2 vols. 18 plates. 

8vo. Paris, 1824 

Manual of general physics; standard text-book. (First edition published in 

1807). 

— See also 633. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

8x0. Chappe, (Ignaz Urbain Jean.) (1760-1828.) Histoire de la tele- 
graphic. 268 pp. 24 plates. 8vo. Paris, 1824 
Description of the various mechanical methods employed for transmitting 
signals. 

811. Gregory, Olinthus Gilbert, (i 774-1 841.) Lessons, astronomical 
and philosophical, being an attempt to explain the most usual 
appearances in nature. Sixth edition, xii+334 pp. 2 plates. 
i2mo. London, 1824 

Brief account of electricity, lightning and polar aurorae. 
— Sec also 738. 

8xa. Pfaff, C(hristian) H(einrich.) (1773-1852.) Der Elcktro-Mag- 
netismus, eine historisch kritische Darstellung der bisherigen 
Entdeckungen auf dem Gebiete desselben; nebst eigenthuem- 
lichen Versuchen. xiv+288 pp. 8 plates. 8vo. Hamburg^ 1824 
Critical history of electro-magnetism to which the author adds some experi- 
ments of his own. 
— See also 1083. 

813. Vernier, Hippolyte. De la distribution de Telectricite k la sur- 
face des corps conducteurs. (These de mecanique.) 16 pp. 4to. 

Paris, 1824 
Mathematic treatment of the distribution of electricity on the surface of the 
conductors. 

8x4. Description d'un appareil ^lectro-dynamique, construit par M. 
Ampere. 24 pp. i plate. 8vo. Paris, 1824 

Ampere's table; paper on electromagnetic reactions. 

8x5. Electricity and Magnetism. (Preliminary dissertations, Diss. 
iv. pp. 617-630.) 4to. (London, 1824?) 

The article contains biographical and critical foot-notes. 

8x6. Hulde aan de nagedachtenis van Jean Henri van Swinden. x-}-i22 
pp. portr. 8vo. Amsterdam, 1824 

The first part is a panegyric of the author and the second a eulogy in verse. 
These are followed by a list of van Swinden's works. 

8x7. Brenmer, James. Mystery of magnetism, fully discovered by ex- 
periments intuitively evident, which admit of no question. 105 
pp. 8vo. London, 182$ 

Metaphysical rather than physical treatment of the subject. 

8x8. De la Rive, Auguste (Arthur.) (1801-1873.) Recherches sur le 
mode de distribution de I'^lectricite dynamique dans les corps 
qui lui servent de conducteurs. (M^m. Soc. Phys. et d'Hist. 
Nat, Vol. 3, pp. 109-129) 4to. Geneva, 182$ 

Distribution of current in a linear conductor. 

— See also 8a4t 902, 957, 976, 996, 1251, 1450, 1670, 1767, 1794, 1827, 26J7. 

8x9. Ferguson, James. (1710-1776.) Lectures on electricity, a new 
edition corrected, with an appendix by C(harles) F(red) Par- 
tington. 102 pp. I plate. 8vo. London, 182$ 

Some experiments on static electricity with application to medical cases. 
— Sec also 429. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

Sao. Gehler, Johann Samuel Traugott. (i7Si-i795.) Physikalisches 
Woerterbuch. Neu bearbeitet von (Heinrich Wilhelm) 
Brandes, (Leopold) Gmelin, (Johann Caspar) Horner, (Gtorg 
Wilhelm) Muncke, (Christian Heinrich) Pfaff, (Joseph Jo- 
hann) von Littrow und (Ludwig) von Littrow. ii vols, in 23 
and atlas (278 plates, 6 maps) 8vo. Leipsig, 182^184^ 

Dictionary of physical terms. 

Sax. Jackson. Substance of twelve lectures on select subjects in nat- 
ural philosophy, intended to illustrate the present state of 
science. xviii4-444 pp. i plate. i2mo. London, 182$ 

General illumination by means of vacuum tubes, p. 104. 

Saa.* Richardot, C(harles). (1771-1852.) Nouveaux appareils contre 
les dangers de la foudre et le fl6au de la gr81e ou systime 
g^n^ral des paragreles. Second edition. 44 pp. 8vo. 

Paris, 1825 
Hail being often accompanied by strong electrical manifestations, lightning- 
rods and vertical wires ending in points are recommended aa meant for 
preventing the formation of hail; description of simple forma of paragrkUi 
for use on farms. 
— See also 1105. 

823. Magnetism. Essay on magnetic attraction. By P(eter) Barlow. 

— Magnetism (Encyclopaedia Metropolitana) — Recherches 
sur le magnetisme. By (Simeon Denis) Poisson. (Westmin- 
ster Review, Vol. 3, pp. 333-358) 8vo. London, 1825 
General magazine review of the above-named works; Gilbert's De magnate 
(see No. 7a), Norman's New Attractive (see No. 66), work of Hansteen, 
Biot and Barlow. 
— See also 718, 720. 

824. Dc la Rive, A(uguste Arthur). (1801-1873.) Recherches sur une 

propriety particuli^re des conducteurs metalliques de Tdec- 
tricit^. (Mem. Soc. Phys. et d'Hist. Nat., Vol, 3, pp. 201-216) 
4to. Geneva^ 1826 

Polarization of electrodes. 
— See also 818. 

S25. Pohl, Georg Friedrich. (i 788-1849.) Der Process der galvani- 
schen Kette. xxiv+430 pp. 8vo. LeipMtg, 1826 

Nature of the action of the voltaic pile; properties of the electric current. 
— See also 1145, 2640. 

826. Roberts, G(eorge.) Catechism of chemistry. Fifth edition. 

(Pinnock's catechisms) 72 pp. ill., portr. of Franklin. i6mo. 

London, (1826?) 
— See also 790. 

827. Gumming, James. (1777-1861.) A manual of electrodynamics, 

chiefly translated from the Manuel d'^lectricit^ dynamique; or 
Treatise on the mutual action of electric conductor's and mag- 
nets of J(ean) F(irmin) (Baptiste) Demonf errand with notes 

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Die 



galyanische Kette, 



mathemaHsch bearbeilet 



von 



Dr. G. S. Ohm. 



Mit einem Figiireiiblatte« 



Berlin, 182X 
B e 1 T« H« R i e m a n ti. 

835. OHM. 
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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

and additions comprehending the latest discoveries and im- 
provements. viii+291 pp. 7 plates. 8vo. Cambridge, 1827 
The main feature of the work is a description of Ampere's theory and ex« 
periments in electro-dynamics. (See No. 797.) 
— See also 778. 

Danielly J(ohn) Frederic. (1790-1845.) Meteorological essays 
and observations. Second edition, viii+643 pp. 5 plates. 8vo. 

London, 1827 

Aurora borealis; new hygrometer; determination of heights by means of 
barometers. The author invented the primary battery which bears his name. 
— See also 955, 3704. 

8ap. Davy, (Sir) Humphry. (1778-1829.) Six discourses delivered be- 
fore the Royal Society at their anniversary meetings, on the 
award of the Royal and Copley medals; preceded by an ad- 
dress to the Society on the progress and prospects of science. 
4to. London, 1827 

Arago's discoveries in magnetism and Barlow's method of correcting compass 
errors are dwelt upon by Davy in his presidential discourse, 1825. 
— See also 634. 

830. Ermerins, Jacob Janus. De lege repulsionis electricae. (Inaugural 

dissertation) 54 pp. 2 tables. 1. 8vo. Ley den, 1827 

Coulomb's law of electrical repulsion. 

831. Green, Jacob. (1793-1841.) Electro-magnetism, being an arrange- 

ment of the principal facts hitherto discovered in that science. 
216 pp. pi. i6mo. Philadelphia, 1827 

Epitome of electro-magnetism; Magnetic telegraph deemed impossible by 
Barlow, p. 39; rubbing glass of compass deflects needle, p. 104; pyro-elec> 
tricity, p. 107; Cumming's experiments, p. 125; diurnal variation due to 
thermo-electric currents, p. 145. 

832. Le Baillif, (Alexandre C. M.) (1764-1831.) Notice sur la con- 

struction du sideroscope. (Bull. Sc. Math., Phys. et Chim., 

Vol. 8, pp. 87-95) 8vo. Paris, 1827 

Diamagnetic repulsion of bismuth, p. 6. The author recognized in 1827 
the diamagnetic property of antimony. 

833. Lewis, W(illiam) Gr cathead. A catechism of electricity. 46 pp. 

111. i6mo. London, 1827 

834. Mitchell, James, (i 786-1844.) First lines of science; or, A com- 

prehensive and progressive view of the leading branches of 
modern scientific discovery and invention, xi+347 pp. 18 
plates. i2mo. London, 1827 

Two chapters on electricity and magnetism. 
— See also 758. 

835. Ohm, G(eorg) S(imon). (1787-1854.) Die galvanische Kette, 

mathematisch bearbeitet. iv-t-245 pp. pi. 8vo. Berlin, 1827 

Memorable work containing the rationale of the electric circuit; the funda- 
mental differential equation, p. 11 a. 

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^«^-<^^ 



AN ESSAY / 



APPLiCATION 



MATHEMATICAL ANALYSIS TO THE THEORIES OF 
ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM. 



BY 

GEORGE GREEN. 



ilotUngAam: 



' flAMILTQN, ADAMS * C^ 3S. PATERNOSTER ROW ; LONGMAN * Co. ; AND W. JOY, LONDON^ 
J. DEIOHTON, CAMBRIDGE I 

AND S. BENNETT. H. BaRNETT, AND W. DEARDEN, NOTTINOHAM. 



1888. 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

835a. (English translation.) The galvanic circuit investigated 

mathematically. (Translated by William Francis.) (Taylor's 
Scientific Memoirs, Vol. II, pp. 401-506.) i plate. 8vo. 

London, 1841 

835b. (French edition.) Th6orie math6matique dcs courants dlec- 

triques. Traduction, preface et notes de J. M. Gaugain. 202 pp. 
8vo. Paris, i860 

The translation is preceded by a critical preface and by a sketch of the 
author's life; also valuable notes by the translator, himself a distinguished 
electrician. 

835-j-c.— — (Reprint of Francis translation.) 269 pp. i6mo. 

New York, 1891 
This reprint is accompanied by a preface and notes by Mr. Thomas D. Lock- 
wood. 
— See also ia66. 

836. Pfaff, J(ohann) W(ilhelm Andreas.) (1774-1835.) Die Umkeh- 

rung der voltaischen Pole durch Herrn Pohl, oder die durch 
seine Philosophic geheilte 25jaehrige Blindheit der Natur- 
forscher. 138 pp. 8vo. Nuremberg, 18^ 

Theoretical considerations regarding the voltaic pile. 
—See also 665. 

837. Spilsbury, Francis Gybbon. Extract from a memoir on a pecu- 

liar connexion which exists between the magnetism evolved 
by a single galvanic combination, and the relative magnitude 
of the opposing surfaces of that combination. (Trans. Cam- 
bridge Philos. Soc, Vol. 2, pp. 77-83) I plate. 4to. 

Cambridge, 182 f 
Early thermo-electric experiment. 

838. Electricity. Second edition. (Library of Useful Knowledge) 2 

parts. 64 pp. ill. 8vo. London, 1827-1828 

Comprehensive article on electrostatics by Sir William Snow Harris. 
— See also 801. 

838-|'bi8. Ampere, (Andr6 Marie.) (1775-1836.) Note sur Taction mu- 
tuelle d'un aimant et d'un conducteur voltaique. (Extract, 
Ann. Chem. Phys., 1828.) 29 pp., i plate. 8vo. Paris, 1828 
A mathematical treatment supplementing a previous consideration of the 
same subject (See No. 762.) 
— See also 762, 

839. Amottf Neil. (1788-1874.) Elements of physics; or, Natural 

philosophy, general and medical explained independently of 
technical mathematics. Third edition. xlviii-f647 pp. 8vo. 

London, 1828 
Work famous in its day; no reference to electricity or magnetism. 

840. Green, George. (1793-1841.) An essay on the application of 

mathematical analysis to the theories of electricity and mag- 
netism. viii-f-72 pp. 4to. Nottingham, 1828 
Important contribution to electric and magnetic science; first use of the 
term potential function, p. 9. This original edition is excessively rare. 
— See also 1801. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

841. Harris, (Sir) W(illiam) S(now.) (1792-1867.) Experimental in- 
quiries on electrical accumulation. (Extract, Trans. Ply- 
mouth Institution) 53 pp. 4 plates. 4to. Plymouth, 1828 
Electrical condensation; experiments with Leyden batteries. 
— See also 801. 

84a. Irving, Washington. (1783-1859.) History of the life and voy- 
ages of Christoph Columbus. 4 vols. map. 8vo. London, 1828 

Columbus records change in magnetic declination with change of place, 
Vol. I, p. 197; St. Elmo's fire, Vol. II, p. 6. 

843. La Beaume, (Michael.) Du galvanisme applique a la medecine, 

et de son efficacite dans le traitement des affections nerveuses, 
avec des notes sur quelques remedes auxiliares, traduit de 
Tanglais et precede de remarques et d'observations pratiques 
sur le galvanisme par B. R. Fabre-Palaprat. xxvi-t-438 pp. Svo. 

Paris, 1828 
Physiological effects of the "galvanic fluid" with numerous practical obser- 
vations. 
— Sec also 747. 

844. Legrand, J. N. Du magnetisme terrestre. (Extract, Memoire lu 

a TAcademie des Sciences) 15 pp. i plate. 4to. Dijon, 1828 
The author's method for finding the direction and intensity of magnetic 
force at any point on the globe. 

845. Partington, Charles F(rederick.) (?— 1857.) Manual of natural 

and experimental philosophy, being the substance of a series 
of lectures, xxviii+404+x pp. ill. 4 plates. Svo. London, (1828?) 
Magnetism and electricity, elementary; Ampere's telegraphy, p. 332. 

846. Ronalds, (Sir) Francis. (1788-1873.) Mechanical perspective; or, 

Description and uses of an instrument for sketching from 
nature, accurately and of a machine for drawing in perspective 
architectural and other subjects from measurements. Second 
edition, vii+36 pp. 12 plates. Svo. London, 1828 

Describes two kinds of perspective tracing instruments. 
— See also 803. 

847. Watkins, Francis. Popular sketch of electro-magnetism, or elec- 

trodynamics and outline of the parent sciences electricity and 
magnetism, iv+83 PP* 3 plates. Svo. London, 1828 

Recently discovered electro-magnetic phenomena; effect of solar rays on 
magnets, observations of Prof. Morichini, Mrs. (Mary Fairfax) Somerville 
and Mr. Christie, p. 23. 

847a. ^Second edition, revised. 76 pp. ill. i2mo. London, 1^56 

— See also 2678. 

848. Exley, Thomas. (? — 1S55.) Principles of natural philosophy, or, 

A new theory of physics, founded on gravitation and applied 
in explaining the general properties of matter, the phenomena 
of chemistry, electricity, galvanism, magnetism and electro- 
magnetism. xxxii+47S pp. 4 plates. Svo. London, i82g 
Elementary treatment of the subject; aurora borealis, p. 344; table of de- 
clination for London and Paris, p. 408; discussion of same, p. 412. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

849. Pechner, Gustav Theodor. (1801-1887.) Lehrbuch des Galvanis- 

mus und der Elektrochemie. xYi-f-564 pp. 2 plates. 8vo. 

LeipMtg, 1829 
Textbook of current electricity. (Vol. III. of Biot's Lehrbuch der Experi- 
mental Physik.) 
— See also 859, 865* 89a. 

850. Muncke, G(eorg) W(ilhelm). (1772-1847.) Handbuch der Natur- 

Ichre. 2 vols. Svo. Heidelberg, 18^-1830 

The first volume treats of general physics; the second of mathematical geo* 

graphy. 

— See also 759. 

851. Pope, William. Triumphal chariot of friction; or, A familiar elu- 

cidation of the origin of magnetic attraction, etc. vii+108 pp. 
12 plates. 4to. London, 1829 

Description of the author's patent dipping needle. 
85a. Salverte, (Anne Joseph) Eus^be (Baconniere). (i 771-1839.) Des 
sciences occultes; ou, Essai sur la magie, les prodiges et les 
miracles. 2 vols. 8vo. Paris, 1829 

Vol. II of this book on the wonders of magic contains references to the 
mariner's compass among the Chinese, the Greeks and the Finns. 

853. Delia vita del Conte Alessandro Volta patrizio comasco. 138 pp. 

portr. Svo. Coma, 1829 

Life and work of Volta. 

854. Macvicar, J(ohn) G(ibson). (1800-1884.) Elements of the econ- 

omy of nature; or, The principles of physics, chemistry and 
philosophy founded on the recently discovered phenomena of 
light, electro-magnetism and atomic chemistry, xxiv+631 pp. 
3 plates. Svo. Edinburgh, 1830 

A chapter on "matter" and another on the "radiant medium". 

855. Murphy, P(atrick.) (?— 1847.) Rudiments of the primary forces 

of gravity, magnetism, and electricity, in their agency on the 
heavenly bodies, xlviii-t-513 pp. Svo London, 1830 

856. Murray, John. {i786?-i8si.) Treatise on atmospherical elec- 

tricity; including lightning rods, and paragreles. 149 pp. i 
plate. 8vo. London, 1830 

Historical sketch, lightning conductors; precautions for personal safety; 
lambent (electric) flames, p. 38; meteorites, p. 44; electric discharges and 
volcanic eruptions; ascent of the spider, p. 74. 

856a. Nouveau manuel complet de Telectricite atmospherique. 

Translated by A(natole) Riffault. (Manuels-Roret.) vi+264 
pp. 3 plates. i6mo. Paris, (18/4) 

Treatise on atmospheric electricity to which are added notes on dew, hail and 
lightning-rods. 
— See also 880. 

857. Pcrrot, A. M. (1795-?.) La conquete d' Alger; ou Relation de la 

Campagne d'Afrique, comprenant les motifs de la guerre, les 
details des pr6paratifs de Texp^dition et des 6v^nements qui 
ont pr^c^de le debarquement, la composition de Tarm^e de 
terre et de I'armee navale, les noms des officiers superieurs et 



1—20 



297 



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it ROiuriBKRC. 167 

danl pas un mot k la question , la jugerent comme 
aiiraient fait les juges du quinzierae sifecle, et con- 
damnerent M* de Vissery k demolir la fleche ma- 
lencontreuse. M. de Vissery ne se tint pas pour 
battu ; il vint ine consulter, et je Tengageai forte- 
ment i se pourvoir,.pai'appel, pour faire refor- 
mer ce ridicule jugement. Je fus charge de le de- 
fendre devant le conseil superieur. Comme il s*a- 
gissait d*une these qui occup^it alors tous les 
esprits , je voulus appeler sur la cause Tattention 
publique , persuade que mes juges hesitcraient k 
heurtcr de front fopinion qui commen^ait dej^ a 
dtre une puissance , quelque velleite qu-ils eprou- 
▼assent de suivre Torninre de la routine. Je publiai 
un inemoire que je fis repandre avec profusion k 
Arras et k Paris. J*y Iraitai la question legale ; mais 
lurtout , ce qui etatt une innovation dans notre 
barreau de province , je m'occupai de la question 
physique que j*exaniinai sous toutes ses faces. Mon 
naerooire fut got^te et mcvalut des lettres flatteu- 
ses de la part des liommes les plus distingues dans 
les sciences. Des-Iors ma cause futgagnee , et le 
succes de Taudience me devint facile* Par son arr^t 
du 3 1 mai 1783, la Gourreforma Ic jugement des 
echevins de Saint-Omer, et permit i M. de Vissery 
de retablir son paratonncrre. 

Gette aiTaire acheva ma reputation , et Tetendit 
mdme hors des limites de ma villc natale ; le car- 

858. ROBESPIERRE. 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

un precis des operations militaires, d'apres les documents offi- 
ciels et particuliers, recueillis ct mis en ordre par A. M. Per- 
rot. vii+145 pp. maps. 8vo. Paris, iSjo 

Account of the conquest of Algiers by the French in 1820. 

858. Robespierre, Maxmilien (Marie Isidore de.) (1758-1794-) M6- 

moires authentiques. 2 vols, portr. i2mo. Bmssels, iSjo 
Interesting defense VoL i, p. 167, of the lightning-rod by the French r«- 
volutionist. When a young lawyer he successfully defended a client who 
had been prosecuted for erecting a lightning-rod on his house, the charge 
being that the act was irreligious. The University of Pennsylvania has a 
letter from Robespierre to Franklin transmitting a copy of the plea. While 
apocryphal, this work (written by C. Reybaud) is reliable in its statements. 

859. Pechner, Gustav Theodor. (1801-1887.) Massbestimmungen 

ueber die galvanische Kette. xii+260 pp. i plate. 8vo. 

LeipMxg, 1831 
Inquiry into the nature and measurement of the dectrig current with num- 
erous examples. 
— See also 849. 

860. Hansteen, (Christopher.) (1784-1873.) Ueber die magnetische In- 

tensitaet der Erde. (Astronomische Nachrichten, Vol. 9, pp. 
303-3x5) I map. 4to. Altona, 1831 

Short paper on the magnetic intensity of the earth with remarks on methods 
of determining it, accompanied by chart of isodynamic lines. 
— See also 756. 

861. Paris, John Ayrton. (1785-1856.) Life of Sir Humphry Davy. 

xv+547 pp. portr. 4to. London, 1831 

Account of Davy's Bakerian lectures and electrical work. 

86a. Ries8» P(eter) Th(eophil). (1804-1883.) De telluris magnetismi 
mutationibus et diurnis et menstruis. 62 pp. i plate. 4to. (In- 
augural dissertation.) Berlin, 1831 
This thesis discusses the daily and monthly variations of the earth's total 
(magnetic) force and seeks to determine the cause. 
— See also 1130, 1783, 2000, 3168, 3250. 

863. West, Francis. (1810-1868.) The electrician*s guide; being a 

brief outline of the science of electricity. 38 pp. 2 plates. 
i6mo. London, 18 31 

Note on the progress of medical electricity. 

864. Belli, Giuseppe. (1791-1860.) Riflessioni sulla legge dell 'attra- 

zione molecolare. 23 pp. 4to. Padova, 1832 

The laws of molecular not the same as that of molar attraction; Laplace 

criticized. 

— See also 899, 916, 3049* 

865. Pechner, Gustav Theodor. (1801-1887.) Repertorium der Experi- 

mentalphysik enthaltend eine Zusammenstellung der neueren 

Fortschritte dieser Wissenschaft. (Als Supplement zu neueren 

Lehr- und Woerterbuechern der Physik.) 3 vols. 10 plates. 

8vo. LeipMig, 1832 

Extensive treatment of electricity and magnetism with bibliography of the 

subject. 

— See also 849. 

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867. GAVSS, (See No. 4377.) 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

866. Julia-Pontenelle, Jean Sebastian Eugene de. (i 790-1842.) Manuel 

de physique amusante; ou nouvelles recreations physiques. 4. 
edition. 460 pp. pi. i6mo. Paris, 1832 

Recreative experiments in physics. 

867. Gauss, Karl Friedrich. (1777-1855.) Intensitas vis magneticae 

terrestris ad mensuram absolutam revocata. (Comment. Soc. 
Sc. Goettingen, Vol. 8, pp. 3-44) 4to. Gottingen, 1B32 

Classical memoir on the measurement of magnetic force; a translation will 
be found in Taylor's Scientific Memoirs. 
— See also 905, 920. 

868. La Beaume, (Michael.) On the portable sudatory; or Hot-air- 

baths; with cases illustrative of its medical powers in various 
disorders, and its great utility in cholera morbus, with direc- 
tions for its administration, together with remarks on the ap- 
plicability of galvanism in the first stage of that disease. Sec- 
ond edition. 84 pp. i plate. i2mo. London, 1832 
Galvanism, "an elixer of life.** 
— See also 747. 

869. Majocchi, (Giovanni Alessandro.) (?-i854.) Sulle correnti mag- 

neto-elettriche e sulla calamita elettrica, lettera scritta al Prof. 
Cav. Carlini. 19 pp. i plate. 8vo. Milan, 1832 

Remarks on Faraday's discovery of magneto-electric currents. 

870. Pollock, Thqmas. Attempt to explain the phenomena of heat, 

electricity, galvanism, magnetism, gravitation and light on the 
assumption of one cause, or universal principle. xi+is8 pp. 
8vo. London, 1832 

"Electricity is defined as the effect of the accumulation of the universal 
principle on the surfaces of bodies, or its abstraction from them." 
— See also 1181, 2731. 

871. Roget, P(eter) M(ark.) (1779-1869.) Treatises on electricity, 

galvanism and electro-magnetism. vii+64-t-32-|-96+99 PP« ill- 
8vo. London, 1832 

Local attraction, p. 61; magnetic intensity at different heights from ground, 
p. 87; magnetic influence of light, p. 97. By the author of the well-known 
Roget's Thesaurus, 
— See also 873, 261 1. 
87a. Schelling, Fr(iedrich) W(ilhelm) J(oseph) von. (1775-1854.) 
Ueber Faraday's neueste Entdeckung. 31 pp. 8vo. 

Munich, 1832 
Discourse on Faraday's discovery of magneto-electricity. 

873. Natural philosophy, with an explanation of scientific terms, and 

index. (Library of Useful Knowledge, Vol. 2). lxiv+528 pp. 
ill. pi. 8vo. London, 1832 

The parts on electricity and magnetism (Sections 5-8), were written by Dr. 
Peter Mark Roget. 
— See also 871. 

874. The Spectator, xiv+918 pp. pi. 8vo. (Reprint, 1711) 

London, 1832 
Strada's sjrmpathetic needles and allusion to magnetic telegraphy, p. 345. 
(See No. 90.) 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

874a. 2 pp. (MS. copy of the article on Strada's needles.) Folio. 

London, 1877 

875. Gorton, John. ( ? -1835.) General biographical dictionary. 3 

vols. 8vo. London, 1833 

Short sketches of noted electricians. 

876. Lardner, Dionysius. (1793-1859.) Treatise on heat. (The Cabinet 

Encyclopaedia) viii+429 pp. i2mo. London, 1833 

Electrification a source of heat, p. 383. 

— See also 10*62, 1236, 1286, 1323, 1395, 1681, 1915. 

877. Lenz, (Heinrich) F(riedrich) E(mil). (1804-1865.) Ueber die 

Leitungsfaehigkeit der Metalle fuer die Elektricitaet bei ver- 
schiedenen Tempcraturen. (M6m. Acad. Sc. Ser. II., Vol. 2, 
pp. 631-656.) 4to. St Petersburg, 1833 

Variation of electric conductivity with temperature. 

— See also 937. 

878. Metcalfy Samuel L. (also Metcalfe). (1798-1856.) New theory 

of terrestrial magnetism. (Read before The New York Ly- 
ceum of Natural History.) 158 pp. 8vo. New York, 1833 
The tlieory is that "Caloric" is the cause of atmospheric electricity, gravi- 
tation, magnetic polarity etc. 

879. Murphy, R(obert.) (i8o6-i843.) Elementary principles of the 

theories of electricity, heat and molecular actions. Part i. On 
electricity. vi+i45 pp. 8vo. Cambridge^ 1833 

Mathematical treatment of some phenomena in static and dynamic electricity. 

880. Murray, John. (i786?-i85i.) Description of a new lightning 

conductor and observations on the phenomena of the thunder- 
storm. 63 pp. I plate. 8vo. London, 1833 
Classification of storms; effects of lightning, p. 22; ships struck, p. 43. 
See also 856. 

88z. Book of science laid open; or, Recreations in natural philosophy. 
iv+480 pp. I plate. i2mo. London, 1833 

Twenty pages on the elements of static and current electricity. 

88a. Becquerel, (Antoine Cesar). (1788-1878.) Trait6 experimental 
de r61ectricit6 et du magnetisme et dc leurs rapports avec les 
ph6nom^nes naturels. 6 vols, in 8 and atlas. 8vo. 

Paris, 1834-1840 
ComprefaensiTe treatise on electricity and magnetism, theoretical, practical 
and historical. Vol. x deals with the history of the subject; Vol. VI, Part 
s, is devoted to terrestrial magnetism. The first thorough treatise on modem 
electricity. 
— See also X093, 1112, 2310, 1406, 2564. 

883. Cunningham, P(eter.) On the motions of the earth and heavenly 
bodies as explainable by electro-magnetic attraction and re- 
pulsion and on the conception, growth, and decay of man, 
and cause and treatment of his diseases, as referable to gal- 
vanic action, xii-fiii+281 pp. 8vo. London, 1834 
An effort is made to explain the motion of the heavenly bodies on the sup- 
position that they consist of electro-magnetic matter; magnetic action of ultra- 
violet light, p. 3. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

884. Enschede, Wilhelm Adrian. De calore qui excitatur electricitate 

quam annuente summo ntimine. (Inaugural dissertation) 77 
pp. 4to. Leyden, 1834 

Thesis on the heat due to electric discharge. 

885. Higgins, W(illiam) Mullinger. Alphabet of electricity for the 

use of beginners. viii+ii6 pp. ill. i2mo. London, 1834 

Interesting from its historical references. The author neglects electro- 
magnetism, the work of Oersted, Arago and Faraday receiving no notice. 
— See also 722. 

886. Klaproth, J(ulius.) (1783-1835.) Lettre i M. le Baron A. de 

Humboldt, sur I'invention de la boussole. 138 pp. 3 plates. 8vo. 

Paris, 1834 
Important contribution to the history of the magnetic compass on land and 
sea. 

887. Nobili, Leopoldo. (1784-1835.) Memorie ed osscrvazioni colla des- 

crizione ed analisi de'suoi apparati ed instrumenti. 2 vols. 16 
plates. 8vo. Florence, 1834 

Researches on electrical phenomena. 
— See also 943. 

888. Poppc, J(ohann) H(einrich) M(oritz.) (1776-1854.) Die Tele- 

graphen und Eisenbahnen im ganzen Umfange; ihr Nutzen, 
ihre verschiedenen Arten and die damit bis auf die neueste Zeit 
vorgenommenen ncuen Einrichtungen und Verbesserungen. vi 
+162 pp. 6 plates. i2mo. Stuttgart^ 1834 

Bibliography of the telegraph; electric telegraph for railroad purposes. 

889. Powell, Baden. (1796-1860.) History of natural philosophy from 

the earliest periods to the present time. (Lardner's Cabinet 

Cyclopaedia) xvi+396 pp. i2mo. London, 1834 
No reference to electricity or magnetism. 

890. Somervillc, (Mrs.) Mary (Fairfax.) (1780-1872.) On the con- 

nexion of the physical sciences. 458 pp. i2mo. 

London, 1834 

This well-known work contains chapters on electricity, magnetiim and 
currents due to rotation; supposed magnetic effect of riolet light. 

890a, — • — Eighth edition, xvi+524 pp. ill. 5 plates. i2mo. 

London, 1849 
— Sec also 2613. 

891. Barlow, James. A new theory, accounting for the dip of the mag- 

netic needle, being an analysis of terrestrial magnetism, with 
a solution of the lines of variation and no variation, and an ex- 
planation of the nature of a magnet xxvii-l-183 PP- i map, x 
plate. 8vo. New York, 1835 

The theory here advanced is that "caloric" is the cause of polarity. 
89a. Pechner, Gustav Theodor. (1801-1887.) De nova methodo mag- 
netismum explorandi, qui per actionem galvanicam in ferro 
ductili excitatur. (Inaugural dissertation) 25 pp. 4to. 

Leipzig, 1835 
Magnetism induced in needles by the passage of a current through 
a surrounding coil. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

893* De variis intensitatem vis galvanicae metiendi methodis. (In- 
augural dissertation.) z^ pp. 4to. Leipjng, 1835 
The three methods given for measuring magnetic force are by deflection, 
torsion, and oscillation. 
— See also 849. 

894. Gherardi, Silvestro. (1802-1879.) Dc quadam appendice ad gal- 

vanometrum multiplicans, et de ejus usu in profluviis variis 
ac praecipue Faradayeis expendendis. (Extract, Act. Acad. 
Scient. Instit. Bonon. Vol. 3) 42 pp. 4to. Bologna, 183$ 

Dissertation on the use of the galvanometer for comparison of currents of 
various orign i. e. thermo-electric, voltaic, magneto-electric. 
— See also 929, 1571, iS95. 1720, 1742, 1798, 1831, 1865, 1976, 3130. 

895. Hare, Robert. (1781-1858.) A brief exposition of the science of 

mechanical electricity. 48 pp. ill. 8vo. Philadelphia, 183$ 

Elementary electrostatic phenomena. 
— See also 683. 

896. Leigh, John Jr. Directions for insuring personal safety during 

storms of thunder and lightning and for the right application 
of conductors to houses and other buildings. 41 pp. 8vo. 

London, 1835 
General recommendations derived from the writings of Sir William Snow 
Harris. 

897. R088, (Sir) John. (1777-1856.) Narrative of a second voyage in 

search of a North-West passage and of a residence in the 

Arctic regions during the years 1829, 1830, 1831, 1832, 1833. 

xxxiii+740 pp. map. pi. 4to. London, 183$ 

Remarks on magnetic dip, pp. 117, 118, 131, 381; table of dip observations, 

p. 566; north magnetic pole, p. 556; location of pole, p. 567; aurorae, p. 

223. 

— See also 2714. 

898. Whewell, W(illiam.) (1794-1866.) Report on the recent pro- 

gress and present condition of the mathematical theories of 
electricity, magnetism and heat. 34 pp. 8vo. London, 1835 

The electrical work of Acpinus, Coulomb and Poisson. Fourier's differen- 
tial equation; also critical remarks on the "fluid" theory of electricity. 
— See also 927, 1814. ' 

899. Belli, G(iuseppe.) (1791-1860.) Sul dissiparsi piu facilmente nell' 

aria comune Telettricita negativa che non la positiva. (Biblio- 
teca Italiana, Vol. 81, pp. 189-193) 8vo. Milan, 1836 

Note on the electric properties of pointed conductors. 
— See also 864. 

900. Brande, William Thomas. (1788-1866.) A manual of chemistry. 

Fourth edition, xx+1317 pp. ill. 8vo. London, 1836 

One chapter of 100 pages by the eminent chemist on general electrical 

phenomena. 

— See also 3516. 

901. Davy, Edward. (1806-1885.) An experimental guide to chem- 

istry. iv-f98 pp. I plate. i2mo. London, 1836 

Presentation copy, with letter, from Henry Davy, uncle of the author. 
— See also 4988. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

go2. De la Rive, Auguste (Arthur.) (1801-1873.) Recherches sur la 
cause de Telectricite voltaique. 174 pp. i plate. 4to. 

Geneva, 1836 
Denies the contact and defends the chemical theory of the voltaic cell. 
— See also 818. 

903. Desprets, C(esar Mensu^te). (i 792-1863.) Trait6 elementaire 

de physique. 4. edition, xvi+918 pp. 8vo. Paris, 1836 

Work on general physics, especially electricity and magnetism. 
— Sec also 1155, 2898. 

904. Eisenlohr, W(ilhelm.) (1799-1872.) Lehrbuch der Physik zum 

Gebrauche bei Vorlesungen und beim Unterricht. viii+448 pp. 
8 plates. 8vo. Mannheim, 1836 

Work on general physics written while the author was Professor in the 
Polytechnische Schule, Karlsruhe. 

904a. ^Third edition, vi+664 pp. 10 plates. 8vo. 

Mannheim, 1841 
— See also 1672. 

905. Gauss, (Karl Friedrich.) (1777-1855.) Erdmagnetismus und 

Magnetometer. (Schumacher's Jahrbuch, 1836, pp. 1-47) i2mo. 

Stuttgart, 1836 
On terrestrial magnetism. 
— See also 867. 

906. Hare, R(obert). (1781-1858.) An examination of the question 

whether the discordancy between the characteristics of me- 
chanical electricity and the galvanic or voltaic fluid, can arise 
from difference of intensity and quantity. 11 pp. ill. 8vo. 

Philadelphia, 1836 
"Heat, light and electricity are all concomitant products of electro-chemical 
reaction," p. 11. The author was a distinguished American chemist. 
— See also 683. 

907. Jacobi, M(oritz) H(ermann) von. (1801-1874.) On the application 

of electro-magnetism to the movement of machines. (? pp. 
503-554) I plate. 8vo. (London, 1836?) 

Jacobi*s electromagnetic motor with diagrams; paper of historic interest. 

907a. (French translation.) (Biblioth. Univers. [SuppL] Geneve, 

N. S. Vol. 47, pp. 233-344.) 8vo. Geneva, 1843 

— Sec also 933, 938, 982, 1046, 1362, 1394, 1837. 

908. Karsten, K(arl) J(ohann) B(ernhard.) (1782-1853.) Ueber Con- 

tact Elektricitaet. 150 pp. i plate. 8vo. Berlin, 1836 

Lengthy paper on the "contact" theory. 

909. Lam6, G(abriel.) (1795-1870.) Cours de physique de I'ecole poly- 

technique. 2 vols. 15 plates. 8vo. Paris, 1836-1837 

Vol. II contains a risumi of the lectures on electricity and magnetism. 

909a. (German translation.) Lehrbuch der Physik fuer hoehere 

polytechnische Lehranstalt. Deutsch bearbeitet und mit noe- 
thigen Zusaetzen verschen von C. H. Schnuse. Vol. III. Elek- 
tricitaet — Magnetismus — Elektrodynamik. (Physikalische Ar- 
beiten.) 7 plates. 8vo. Darmstadt, 1841 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

910. Michel, Francisque (Xavier). (180^1887.) Lais inedits des XII« 

et Xllle siecles, public pour la premiere fois. v-|-i54 pp. ismo. 

Paris, 1836 
In the preface will be found a metrical compoaition of the Xlllth centnry 
on the mariner's compaaa. 

911. Mueller, Johann (Hcinrich Jakob.) (1809-1875.) Kurze Darstel- 

lung des Galvanismus. Nach Turner mit Benutzung der Ori- 
ginal- Abhandlungen Faraday's bearbeitet. Mit einem Vorwort 
von J. Liebig. vi-f loi pp. ill. 8vo. Darmstadt^ 1836 

Analysis of the discoveries of Ampere and Faraday; general phenomena of 

the electric current; theory of the roltaic cell. 

— Sec also 11 19. 

913. Pouillet, Claude Servais Mathias. (i 791-1868.) Elements de phy- 
sique experimentale et de m^teorologie. Second edition. 572 
PP- 32 plates, I map. 8vo. Brussels^ 1836 

This is the second edition of a standard work on physics; it contains a chart 
showing the position of the magnetic equator as determined from the ob- 
servations of Duperrey, iSaa^iSas. 
— See also 2908, 3469. 

913, Rijke, P(ieter) L(eonhard.) (1812-1901.) De origine electrici- 
tatis voltaicae. 81 pp. 4to. (Inaugural dissertation.) 

Maastricht^ 1836 
Dissertation on the theory of the voltaic cell. 
^See also 3202. 

9x4. Weber, Eduard (Friedrich.) (1806-1871.) Quaestiones physiolo- 
gicae de phenomenis galvano-magneticis in corpore humano 
observatis. 26 pp. 4to. (Inaugural dissertation.) Halle, 1836 
The electric resistance of the human body and kindred subjects. 

9x5. Arago, (Dominique Francois Jean.) (1786-1853.) Notices scien- 
tifiques sur le tonnerre. (Annuaire pour Tan 1838, pp. 221-632.) 
i2mo. Paris, 1837 

This is the author's celebrated monograph on lightning and thunder. 
— See also 1309, 2444, 2671. 

916. Belli, Giuseppe. (1791-1860.) Sulla dispersione delle due elettri- 
cita e sui residui delle scariche delle bocce di Leida. 27 pp. i 
plate. 8vo. (Milan^ 1837) 

Experiments with Leyden jars; loss of charge. 
— See also 864. 

9x7. Braham, John. Outlines of the science of magnetism, electro- 
magnetism, voltaic, thermo, and magneto-electricity. 56 pp. 
I plate. i2mo. Bristol 1837 

"There is little doubt it (the magneto-electric spark) will ultimately be used 
in the place of gas in illuminating our streets and houses", p. 5. 

9x8. Desains, £(douard Francois.) (1812-1865.) Th^se de physique 
sur la mesure des courants ^lectriques. 22 pp. i plate. 4to. 

Paris, 1837 
Galvanometric measurement of currents. 



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the Gases, and Sir H. Dai'ey^s discovery of 
Chlorine and its application, have enabled the 
linens manufactured in this country to be readily 
bleached, which were formerly sent to Holland, 
and to' attain a perfect whiteness took many 
months, and in some instances a year, which is 
now done in a few hours ! Wedgewood^s inven* 
tions and improvements in Pottery, wliich have 
made the articles admired and in demand 
throu.Hion** the world, giving employment to 
thousands, have all^arisen from a simple experi- 
ment;^ and the late discoveries of Professor 
Faraday and other eminent men, have struck 
out a new path of enquiry. The suggestion of 
Professor Hare in the use of the Galvanic Spark, 
for igniting powder in blasting rock^, will 
no doubt, on being more generally known, pre- 
vent the sacrifice of human life. It also may be 
noticed, that rapid communication could be 
effected by the Magneto-electric Spark, and will 
in all' probability be so used as the science 
is more studied ; and as the spark is so 
constant, there is little doubt, it will ultimately 
be used in the place of gas in illuminating our 
streets and houses. 

This science, so pleasing and so readily under- 
stood, must afford great pleasure to. the enquirer; 

917. BRAHAM. 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

919. Fotheringhame, Thomas. Directions for ascertaining and coun- 

teracting the local attraction of the mariner's compass, by day, 
and by night, on board all vessels, steamers included, at sea, 
or in a roadstead, and on land, with cases, to which is abided, 
a few practical hints on the variation of the compass, and 
the utility of the lead and charts. xiv-|-6o pp. 4to. 

London, 1837 
Special remarks on the experiments and rules of Captain Flinders. 

920. Gauss, Karl Friedrich (i777-i8S5) and (Wilhclm Eduard) Weber 

(1804-1891.) Resultate aus den Beobachtungen des Magneti- 
schen Vereins 1836-1837. — Atlas des Erdmagnetismus nach den 
Elementen der Theorie entworfen. Supplement zu den Resul- 
taten aus den Beobachtungen des Magnetischen Vereins unter 
Mitwirkung von C. W. B. Goldschmidt. 2 vol8,-f-iv+36 pp. 
8vo. and 4to. Leipgig, 1837-1840 

Magnetic obsenrations; declination at Goettingen, magnetism of the earth 
in absolute measure; variation of magnetic declination. Notes on the mag- 
netic poles, the axes and magnetic moment of the earth; charts showing the 
isomagnetic lines. 
— See also 867, ziio. 

931. Hales, Charles. The theory of electric repulsion examined, in a 
series of experiments on certain properties attributable to the 
elements which constitute electric excitation, adduced princi- 
pally to show the non-existence of repulsion. 22 pp. i plate. 
8vo. London, 1837 

922. Henwood, W(illiam) J(ory). (1805-1875.) M^moire sur les cour- 
ants electriques observes dans les filons de Cornouailles. 
(Ann. Mines, vol. II, pp. 585-604.) 8vo. Paris, 1837 

Earth-currents considered as due to differences of temperature. 

933. La Beaume, (Michael. ) Facts and observations on the extraordi- 

nary efficacy of galvanism in the cure of nervous, bilious and 
other constitutional and local diseases. 178 pp. i2mo. 

London, 1837 
List of cures effected by ''galvanism"? 
— See also 747. 

934. Leithead, William. Electricity; its nature, operation, and impor- 

tance in the phenomena of the universe, xiv-f-399 pp. ill. i2mo. 

London, 1837 
Popular exposition of the subject; effects of electricity on animals and 
vegetables, p. 102; animal electricity, p. 128; electro-physiology, p. 300; 
epidemics and electricity, p. 331. 

935. Sturgeon, William. (1783-1850.) Experimental and theoretical re- 

searches in electricity. I. Memoir. (Electric Soc. Trans., 
'^^Zy* pp. i7-44+7<H)6-) 42 pp. I plate. 4to. London, 1837 

Atmospheric electricity; electrical theories discussed. 

— See also 1032, 1054, I'Qo, 2945. 

936. Webster, Thomas. (1772-1844.) Elements of physics, xii+490 

pp. i2mo. London, 1837 

Chapters on electricity and magnetism, popularly explained. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

937. Whewdl, William. (1794-1866.) History of the inductive sciences 

from the earliest to the present times. 3 vols. 8vo. 

London, 1837 
First edition of this great work on tlie history and philosophy of the phy- 
sical sciences. 
— See also 898. 

938. Bachhoffner, George H(enry). (1810-1879.) Popular treatise on 

voltaic electricity and electro-magnetism. 35 pp. i plate. 8vo. 

London, 1838 
Sturgeon's experiments in electro-magnetism. 

939. Gherardi, Silvestro. (1802-1879.) Delia misura delle correnti Fara- 

diane del loro confronto reciproco colle correnti elettriche 
d'altra origine, mediante il comune galvanometro fornito di 
particolare appendice. 38 pp. 8vo. Bologna, 1838 

Galvanometer comparisons between magnets and battery currents. 
930.— -— Relazione ragionata sui fatti e le cognizioni piu vere, o in- 
teressanti che si possedevano intorno alia singolare virtu dei 
pesci elettrici prima della scoperta del galvanismo e della pila 
voltiana. ^ pp. 8vo. Bologna, 1838 

Discussion of Walsh's researches on the torpedo (electric fish). See Phil. 
Trans. 1773. 
— See also 894. 

93I, Griffin, John Joseph. (1802-1877.) Chemical recreations; a com- 
pendium of experimental chemistry. Eighth edition. Part 
I. ill. i2mo. Glasgow, 1838 

93a. Higgins, W(illiam} Mullinger. The experimental philosopher. 
viii-l-488 pp. ill. i2mo. London, 1838 

Two hundred pages devoted to the laws and phenomena of magnetism and 
electricity. 
— See also 722. 

933. Jacobi, (Moritz Hermann) von. (1801-1874.) Lettre de M. Jacobi 
i M. Fuss (Bull. Scient. L'Acad. Sc. St. Petersbourg, Vol. III.) 
S pp. 8vo. St. Petersburg, (1838?) 

The time element in the establishment of the electric current considered. 

934. ^Ueber den galvanischen Funken. (Bull. Scient. Acad. Sc. St. 

Petersbourg, Vol. IV, pp. 102-106.) 8vo. St. Petersburg, 1838 
Spark due to the extra-current. 

935. Ueber die Inductions-Phenomene beim Oeffnen und Schlies- 

sen ciner Volta'schen Kette. (Ann. Phys. Chem. Vol. 45, pp. 

132-148.) 8vo. Berlin, 1838 

Phenomena of the extra-current. [Autograph copy, dedicated to Professor 

Moser.] 

— See also 907. 

936. Kyan« John Howard. (1775-1850.) On the elements of light and 
their identity with those of matter, radiant and fixed, xiv+130 
pp. 3 plates. 8vo. London, 1838 

The author defines light, p. 12, as "that radiant state to which fixed or inert 
matter is resolved"; on p. 24, oxygen is said to be identical with positive 
electricity. 

310 



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933. JACOBI. {See No. A277,) 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

937. Lenz, (Heinrich Friedrich) E(mil.) (1804-1865.) Ueber das 

Gesetz der Leitungsfaehigkeit fuer Elektricitaet bei Draehten 
von verschiedenen Laengen und Durchmessern. (Mem. Acad. 
Sc. St. Petersbourg, Ser. II., Vol. 3, pp. 187-204) 4to. 

St Petersburg, 1838 
Variation of resistance of electric conductors with length and cron-iection. 
—See also 877. 

938. Lenz, (Heinrich Friedrich) E(mil) (1804-1865) & (Moritz Her- 

mann) von Jacobi. (1801-1874.) Ueber die Gesetze der Elek- 
tromagnete. (Bull. Acad. Sc. St. Petersbourg, Ser. II., Vol. 
4. pp. 337-367; Vol. 5, pp. 257-272.) 8vo. 

St Petersburg, 1838-1839 
The magnetism produced in a bar of soft iron varies as the current strength 
and number of turns in the magnetizing helix. 
— See also 877, 907. 

939. Libri, Guillaume. (1803-1869.) Histoire des sciences mathema- 

tiques en Italie, depuis la renaissance des lettres jusqu' a la 
fin du dix-septicme siecle. 4 vols. 8vo. Paris, 1838-1841 

Learned work containing references to the mariner's compass. Vol. x, p. 
136, Vol. II, p. 62; also text of the famous letter of Petrus Peregrinus 
on the magnet from the MS. in the Biblioth^ue National, Paris. (See No. 
46.) 

940. Magrini, Luigi. (i8o4?-i868.) Telegrafo elettro-magnetico prati- 

cabile a grandi distanze imaginato ed eseguito. 86 pp. 4 
plates. 8vo. Venice, 1838 

Observations on the electric telegraph. 
— See also 1078. 

941. Masson, A(ntoine Philibert.) (1806-1860.) Theorie physique et 

mathematique des phenomenes electro-dynamiques et du mag- 
netisme. 90 pp. 12 plates. 8vo. Paris, 1838 

Magnetic theory discussed. 
— See also i078bis, 1387, 1575, 2938. 

942. Moser, Ludwig, (Ferdinand.) (1805-1880.) Magnetismus und 

einige Nachtraege zum Galvanismus und zum induzierten Mag- 
netismus. (Repertorium der Physik, Vol. II., pp. 100-284) 8vo. 

Berlin, 1838 
The three magnetic elements. 
— See also 2696. 

943. Nobiliy Leopoldo. (1784-1835.) Nuovi trattati sopra il calorico 

Telettricita e il magnetismo. viii+401 pp. 8vo. Modena, 1838 

Discussion of general electric and magnetic subjects. 
— See also 887. 

944* Peltier, (Jean Charles Athanase.) (1785- 1845.) Recherches ex- 
p6rimentales sur les quantites d'actions dynamiques et stati- 
ques que produit I'oxidation d*un milligramme de zinc. (Ex- 
tract, Ann. Chim. Phys. Vol. 67, pp. 422-446) 8vo. Paris. 1838 
Beginning of a dynamical theory of the voltaic current. (Autograph coiiy, 
dedicated to Faraday). 
— See also 966, 987, 1026, 2684. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

945. Sabine, (Sir) Edward, (i 788-1883.) Report on the variations of 

the magnetic intensity observed at different points of the 
earth's surface. 85 pp. S plates. 8vo. London, 1838 

Contains discussion of observations made in all parts of the world; also 
general conclusions in regard to the distribution of terrestrial magnetism 
deductble from them; magnetic charts. (See No. 2649.) 
— See also 969, 1050, 1555, 2544. 

946. Sleigh, Adderley, W. Newly invented portable field telegraph. 

24 pp. 4 plates. 4to. London, 1838 

Mechanical method of transmitting signals. 

947. Steinheil, K(arl) A(ugust.) (1801-1870.) Ueber Telegraphie, 

insbesondere durch galvanische Kraefte. — Beschreibung und 
Abbildung des galvano-magnetischen Telegraphen zwischen 
Muenchen und Bogenhausen. 30 pp. 2 plates. 4to. 

Munich, 1838 
Description of the author's magneto-electric telegraph; use of the earth 
for the "return", p. x6. 
— See also 1166. 

948. Tomlinson, Charles. (180&-1897.) Student's manual of natural 

philosophy, xi+624 pp. ill. 8vo. London, 1838 

Manual for beginners; chapters on the magnet and on the compass. 
— See also 1469, 1676, 3421. 

949. Wenckebach, E(duard.) (1813-1874.) De magneto-elektrische 

Telegraaf van Gauss en Steinheil. 16 pp. i plate. 8vo. 

The Hague, 1838 
Description of Steinheil's magneto-electric telegraph. 

950. Zantedeschi, Francesco. (1797-1873.) Ricerche sul termo-elet- 

tricismo dinamico c luci-magnetico ed elettrico. viii+72 pp. i 
plate. 8vo. Milan, 1838 

The (supposed) magnetic effect of violet and ultra-violet rays; observations 
of Morichini, 2^antedeschi, and Mrs. Somerville; also history and properties 
of thermo-electric currents. 
—See also X055, X090, X475> 2876. 

951. Botto, (Giuseppe Domenico) (1791-1865) and (Amedeo) Avo- 

gadro (Conte de Quaregna). (1776-1856.) Memoire sur les 
rapports entre le pouvoir conducteur des liquides pour les 
courants ^lectriques et la decomposition chimique qu'ils en 
eprouvent. (Mem. Accad. Sc. Torino, Vol. I., pp. 179-217.) i 
plate. 4to. Turin, 1839 

Relations between conductivity and electrolytic decomposition. 
— See also zooS, X037. 

952. Camevale-Arella, Antonio. Storia deir elettricita. 2 vols. 8vo. 

Alessandria, 1839 
Historical sketch of electric discovery, followed by discussion of the nature 
and phenomena of electricity. 

953. Chevalier, Charles (Louis.) (1804-1859.) Des microscopes et de 

leur usage. Description d'appareils et des proced^s nouveaux, 
suivie d'experiences microscopiques puisnes dans les meilleurs 



1—21 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

ouvrages ancients ct les notes de M. le Baillif, et d'un memoire 
sur les diatomees etc., par M. de Brebisson. Manuel complet 
du micrographe. 284 pp. 5 plates. 1. 8vo. Paris, iSjg 

Theory and use of microscopes. 

954. Dalton, J. S. Book of experiments, illustrating the principal 

facts and curious phenomena of electricity, galvanism, mag- 
netism, etc. xvi+268 pp. ill. I plate. i6mo. London, 1839 

955. Daniell, (John) Frederic. (1790-1845.) Introduction to the study 

of chemical philosophy; being a preparatory view of the forces 
which concur to the production of chemical phenomena. xvi+ 
56s pp. ill. 4to. London, 1839 

Treatise on chemistry, with chapters on the electrical work which Faraday 

was carrying on at the time. 
955a. Second edition, xvi+764 pp. ill. 8vo. London, 1843 

— See also 828. 

956. Davy, (Sir) Humphry. (1778-1829.) Collected works of Sir 

Humphry Davy, edited by his brother John Davy. Vols. 2, 
4, 5. 8vo. London, 1839-1840 

These volumes contain a few pages on static and a considerable number on 
voltaic electricity; electrolytic decomposition of the alkalies, Vol. 5, p. 57. 
— See also 634. 

957. Dc la Rive, Auguste (Arthur.) (1801-1873.) Recherches sur les 

proprietes des courants magneto-electriques. (Mem. Soc. 
Phys. et d'Hist. Nat. Geneve, Vol. 8, pp. 191-248) 4to. 

Geneva^ 1839 
— See also 818. 

958. Euler, (Leonard.) (1707-1783.) Letters on different subjects in 

natural philosophy, with notes and a life of Euler by David 
Brewster, containing a glossary of scientific terms with addi- 
tional notes by John Griscom. (Harper's Family Library, No. 
55-56) 2 vols. I plate. i6mo. New York, 1839 

Letters written for the instruction of a German Princess; some treat of 
magnetic and electrical phenomena, and many of metaphysical subjects. 
— See also 366. 

959. Faraday, Michael. (1791-1867.) Experimental researches in elec- 

tricity. (Reprinted from the Philos. Trans. Roy. Soc. 1831- 
1838) viii-f574 pp. 8 plates. 8vo. London, 1839 

First edition of this epoch-making work. 

959a. Experimental researches in electricity reprinted from the 

Philosophical Transactions of 1831-1852, with other electrical 
papers from the Quarterly Journal of Science, Proceedings 
of Royal Institution and Philosophical Magazine. 3 vols. (588 
+302+574 pp.) ill. 8vo. London, 1^44-1855 

— See also 787. 

960. Hedgcock, Thomas. Multum in parvo, a new work on astron- 

omy, the magnet, tides, etc. Second edition. Book i, 2. (no 
more published) 117 pp. 2 plates. 8vo. London, 1839 

Three pages on magnetic variation. 

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EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCHES 



IN 



ELECTRICITY. 



BY 

MICHAEL FARADAY, D.C.L. F.R.S. 

PULI.XRIAN PROFXSSOa OP CHEMISTRY IN THE ROYAL IXSTITUTION. 

CORRESPONDING MEMBER, ETC., OF THE ROYAL AND IMPERIAL ACADEMIES 01 

SCIENCE OP PARIS, PETERSRURGH, FLORENCE, COPENHAGEN, BERLIN, 

GOTTINOBN, MODENA, STOCKHOLM, PALERMO, ETC., ETC. 



Reprinted from the Philosophical Transactions of 1831 — 1838. 



LONDON: 
RICHARD AND JOHN EDWARD TAYLOR, 

FBIKTEBS AND PUBLISHERS TO THE ViflVERSITY OF LONDOV, 
RED LION COURT, FLEET STREET. 

1839. 
959. FARADAY. (Reduced.) 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

96z« Laming, Richard. De Tapplication des axiomes de la mecanique 
et du calcul g^ometrique aux ph6nom^nes de l'^lectricit6. 28 
pp. I plate. 8vo. Paris, 1839 

Electrical phenomena are due to a material cause. 
— See also 1207, 141 8, 3098. 

962. Maurogordatos, N. A. G. Sur lea causes de la production de 
rdectricite dans la pile. 20 pp. 4to. (Th^se.) Paris, 1839 

The author defends the contact theory pure and simple. 

963. Sur les decompositions qu'on opere par la pile. 15 pp. 4to. 

(These.) Paris, 1839 

Electrolytic effects of the current 

964. Mo8eley» H(enry.) (i 800-1872.) Treatise on mechanics, applied 

to the arts; including statics and hydrostatics. Second edition. 
310 pp. ill. 8vo. London, 1839 

An elementary treatise. 

965. Noel, (Francois Joseph Michel) (1783-1856)7 (L. J. M.) Carpen- 

tier & Puissant. Dictionaire des inventions, des origines 
et des d^couvertes dans les arts, les sciences. 562 pp. 1. 8vo. 

Brussels^ 1839 
Short articles on electric and magnetic subjects. 

966. Peltier, (Jean Charles Athanase.) (1785-1845.) Notice des faits 

principaux et des instrumens nouveaux ajoutes i la science de 
Telectricit^. 8 pp. 4to. Paris, 1839 

Physical instruments devised by the author; quantity and intensity of cur- 
rent. 

967. Observations sur les multiplicateurs et sur les piles thermo- 

61ectriques. (A digest of his article on "thermo-electricity" 
in Ann. de Chim. Vol. 71, pp. 235-313.) 14 pp. 8vo. Paris, 1839 
The ordinary galvanometer; Melloni's thermo-pile; the author did much 
original thermo-electric work. 
— See also 944. 

968. Quctdct, (Lambert) A(dolphe Jacques.) (1796-1874-) Note sur 

le magn^tisme terrestre i Bruxelles. (Bull. Acad. Sc. Bel- 
gique. Vol. 5,) 11 pp. 8vo. Brussels, 1839 

Magnetic intensity at London, Parts and Brussels. 

968a. Second m^moire. (Bull. Acad. Sc. Belgique, Vol. 27) 27 pp. 

I plate. 8vo. Brussels, 1840 

Horizontal force and dip in 1839. 
— See also 1003, 1187, 1296, 2649. 

969. Sabine, (Sir) Edward. (1788-1883.) Report on the magnetic iso- 

clinal and isodynamic lines in the British Islands from ob- 
servations by Prof. Humphrey Lloyd, (viii. Report, British 
Ass. Adv. Sc. pp. 49-196) 3 maps. 8vo. London, 1839 

The magnetic survey details of which are given, was made in 1837-1838. 
— See also 945. 

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CATALOGUE OF IV HEELER GIFT 

970. Vorsselman de Heer, Pieter Otto Coenraad. (1809-1841.) Th^- 
orie de la tel^graphie 61ectrique avec la description d'un nou- 
veau tel^graphe fond6 sur les actions physiologiques de 
I'electricit^. 30 pp. pi. 8vo. Deventer, 1839 

Physiological eflfects of the electric current as used for the trsnsmission of 
signals. 
— See also 993. 

97Z. Handbook of electricity. By a professor of natural philosophy. 

50 pp. ill. 24mo. London, 1839 

97a, Popular treatise on animal electricity, and the use of the medical 

electrometer. By a physician. 61 pp. 8vo. London, 1839 

"The nervous agent and the electrical agent are two principles perfectly 

identical", p. 13. 

973. Bailey, J. N. Monthly messenger; a repository of information 

comprising original articles and select extracts interspersed 
with remarks by J. N. Bailey. 236 pp. i2mo. London, 1840 

Risumi of the electrical knowledge of the ancients, p. 937; the lapis lyn- 
curius, p. 232; shock of the torpedo, p. 233. 

974. Cantu, Cesare. (1807-1895.) Notizia di G. D. Romagnosi, con 

Taggiunta di alcuni opuscoli intorno alia vita ed alle opere 
del medesimo. 2. edition. 238 pp. Svo. Prato, 1840 

Romagnosi of Trent noticed in i8os that an insulated electrode of a Toltaic 
pile affects a neighboring compass, p. x8s, (see Izam No. 664, Govi No. 
1744, Tommasi No. 2301*) 

975. C16ment-Mullet, J. J. Sur les b61emnites, les pierres de foudre et 

les a^rolithes. 25 pp. Svo. Troyes, 1840 

Remarks on lyncurium and fulgurites. 

976. Dc la Rive, Auguste (Arthur.) (1801-1873.) Notice sur un pro- 

cede ^lectro-chimique ayant pour objet de dorer Targent et le 
laiton. (Biblioth. Univers. Sc. Genive, Vol. 25, pp. 407-422) 
Svo. Geneva, 1840 

New process for electro-plating silver and tin with gold. 

976a— —(German translation.) (Joum. Prakt Chemie, Vol. 20, pp. 157- 
172) Svo. Leipzig, 1840 

— See also 818. 

977. Flaugergues, (Pierre Paul.) (i 810-1844.) Des machines 61ectro- 

dynamiques. (Bull. Soc. Sc. Toulon, 1840, pp. 221-246) i plate. 
Svo. Toulon, 1840 

An electric motor for navigation purposes; Jacobi's trial on the Neva. 

978. Guyot, Jules. (1807-1872.) De la tel6graphie de jour et de nuit. 

xv-[-2i4 pp. 3 plates. Svo. Paris, 1840 

Signaling; semaphore by day and lamps by night. 

979. Haldat du "Lys (Charles Nicolas Alexandre) de (1770-1S52.) Re- 

cherches sur quelques ph6nomenes du magnetisme, le fantome 
magn^tique, et sur la diffraction complexe. (Extract. M^m. 
Soc. Sc. Nancy, 1839.) 45 PP. Svo. Nancy, 1840 

Notes on the curved lines of force of a magnetic field. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

980. Recherches sur quelques ph^nomenes produits par les forces 

attractives ct repulsives des aimants. (Mem. Soc. Sc. Nancy, 
1839, PP- 42-76) 8vo. Nancy, 1840 

The magnetic field due to various combinations of magnets; magnetic and 
elect rodynamic phenomena compared. 
— See also 1000, 1075, 1097, 1229, 3765. 

981. Hehl, (Johann.) (1802 — ?) Ueber elektro-dynamische Verthei- 
lung. 23 pp. I plate. 4to. (Programm.) Cassel, 1840 

Short paper on electro-dynamic induction. 

98a. Jacobi, Moritz Hermann von. (1801-1874,) Die Galvanoplastik, 
oder das Verfahren cohaerentes Kupfer in Flatten oder nach 
sonst gegebenen Formen unmittelbar aus Kupferausloesungen auf 
galvanischem Wege zu produciren. Nach dem auf Befehl des 
Gouvernements in Russischer Sprache bekannt gemachten 
Originale. viii+63 pp. i plate. 8vo. 

5"/. Petersburg & Berlin, 1840 
Historical work on electrotyping: the author's method of obtaining electro- 
types. (See No. 986, 1036.) 

gSaa.^ — (English translation.) Galvanoplastik; or, The process of 
cohering copper into plates by means of galvanic action on 
copper solutions, translated from the German edition by 
William Sturgeon, vi+39 pp. i plate. 8vo. 

Manchester, 1841 
— See also 907. 

983. Knox, George J. On the direction and mode of propagation of 
^ the electric force traversing interposed media. 9 pp. 4to. 

Dublin, 1840 
Facts tending to reconcile the contact with the chemical theory. 

984. M'Gauley, James William. ( ?-i867.) Lectures on natural philos- 

ophy. x+400 pp. ill. 8vo. Dublin 1840 

Elementary work; four chapters on electricty and magnetism. 
9843.^ ^New edition, enlarged and improved. 2 vols. 8vo. 

Dublin, 1850 

985. Matteucci, C(arlo.) (1811-1868.) Essai sur les phenomenes 

electriques des animaux. 88+11 1 Pp. 2 plates. 8vo. Paris, 1840 
The electric organ of the torpedo with illustrations. 
— See also 1025, 1064, 1288, 1422, 1527, 1599, 1684, 2728. 

986. Nctto, F(riedrich) A(ugust) W(ilhelm.) (1783-?) Anweisung 

2ur Galvanoplastik. 64 pp. 2 plates. 8vo. 

Quedlinburg & Leipzig, 1840 
Early work on electrolytic deposition giving a risutni of the discoveries and 
work of Spencer, Jacob! and Kobell. (See Nos. 982, 990, 1021.) 

987. Peltier, (Jean Charles) Athanase. (1785-1845.) Meteorologie; ob- 

servations et recherches experimentales sur les causes qui con- 
courent a la formation des trombes. xvi+444 pp. 3 plates. 8vo. 

Paris, 1840 
The formation of hail, water-spouts, tornadoes and similar phenomena; also 
the part played by electricity in their origin and development. 
— See also 944. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

988. Roberts, Martin, J. The process of blasting by galvanism. 36 

pp. 3 plates. 8vo. London, 1840 

Wire imbedded in the charge brought electrically to incandescence. 

989. Schoenbein, C(hristian) F(riedrich.) (1799-1868.) Beobachtun- 

gen ueber den bei der Elektrolyse des Wassers und dem Aus- 
stroemen der gewoehnlichen Elektricitaet aus Spitzen sich 
entwickelnden Genich. 24 pp. 4to. Basle, 1840 

Electrolysis of water; odors accompanying electric discharges; ozone. 

— See also 1051, 1301, 373a. 

990. Spencer, Thomas. (?-i857.) Instructions for the multiplication 

of works of art in metal by voltaic electricity. With an intro- 
ductory chapter on electro-chemical decompositions by feeble 
currents. 62 pp. ill. 8vo. Glasgow, J840 

Electrolytic deposition. The forces termed chemical affinity and electricity 
are one and the same, p. 2, (See Nos. 986, 1036.) 

991. Thomson, Thomas. (1773-1852.) Outline of the sciences of heat 

and electricity. Second edition, xiv+585 pp. pi. 8vo. 

London, 1840 
Davy anticipated Ohm, p. 379; magnetic chart for 1829. 

99itbi8. Weyde, P. H. van der. (1813-1895.) Tijdschrift voor de wis- 
en natuurkunde ten doel hebbende: de meerdere verspreiding 
van eene grandige natuurkennis, volgens het tegenwoordige 
standpunt der wetenschap. Years I to IV (all published). 
(Year IV, entitled: Tijdschrift to natuurkunde.) 306+320+344 
+156 pp. 10 plates. i2mo. Zieriksee & Amsterdam, 1840-1843 
Collection of short treatises on electrical subjects written for the non- 
mathematical reader. 
— See also 3267. 

992. Vorsselman de Heer, P(ieter) O(tto) C(oenraad.) (1809-1841.) 

Recherches sur quelques points d'electricite voltaique. (Bull. 
Sc. Phys. et Natur. Neerlande, 1840. pp. 105-148) i plate. 8vo. 

Utrecht, 1840 
Chemical theory of the voltaic battery. 
— See also 970. 

993. Weinlig, Chr(istian) A(lbertus). (1812-1873.) Examen theoriae 

electrochemico-atomistico. 41 pp. 8vo. Leipzig, 1840 

The atomic theory of matter and the chemical effects of the electric current. 

994. Royal Society of London. Report of the Committee of Physics 

and Meteorology of the Royal Society of London relative to 
the observations to be made in the Antarctic expedition and in 
the magnetic observatories. 119 pp. 4 maps. 8vo. London, 1840 
Instructions relating chiefly to the measurement of the magnetic elements, 
to meteorological phenomena, and ocean currents. 

994a. Revised instructions for the use of magnetic and meteoro- 
logical observatories and for the magnetic surveys. 44 pp. 8vo. 

London, 1842 
Description of standard magnetic instruments and methods of using them. 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

995* Bain« Alexander. (1818-1877.) A treatise on numerous applica- 
tions of electrical science to the useful arts. Part I. contains 
early notions of electric telegraphy, and a description of the 
first printing telegraph. 36 pp. ill. 8vo. Edinburgh, (1841) 
Early telegraphs; the author's printing telegraph. (See No. 1040.) 
— See also 12 ibis., 1220, 1404, 3488. 

996. De la Rive, A(uguste) (Arthur.) (1801-1873.) Coup d'oeil sur 

r^tat actuel de nos connaissances en ^lectricite. (Biblioth. . 
Univ. Suppl. Arch. Tfilectr. Vol. L, pp. 1-30.) 8vo. 

Geneva, 1841 
Brief review of electric discovery down to 2840. 
— See also 818. 

997. Diderot, (Denis.) (1712-1784.) M^moires, correspondance ct 

ouvrages in^dits, publics d'apris les manuscrits confi6s, en 
mourant, par Tauteur i Grimm. 2 vols. i2mo. Paris, 1841 
Curious anticipation of the printing telegraph. Vol. x, p. 279. 

998. Franceschi, Giovanni. La elettricita animale nuovo elemento 

filosofico della medicina. 96 pp. 8vo. Ancona, 1841 

The effects of electridtj on the animal organinn. 

999.t Galvani, Luigi. (1737-1798.) Opere editc ed inedite del Prof. 
Luigi Galvani, raccolte e pubblicate per cura dell' Accademia 
delle Scienze dell' Istituto di Bologna. 51+505 pp.+58 PP- 
(Supplement) 8 plates, portr. 4to. Bologna, i84i''i842 

This volume contains the published papers of Galvani together with two 

others hitherto inedited. 

— See also 570. 

xooo. Haldat du Lys, (Charles Nicolas Alexandre) de (1770-1852.) Re- 
cherches sur la cause du magn^tisme par rotation. (M^m. Soc 
Sc, Nancy, 1840, pp. 59-69) 8vo. Nancy, 1841 

Acquisition of magnetic properties by all bodies. 

looi. Recherches sur la g6n^ralite du magn^tisme, ou complement 

aux experiences de Coulomb. (M6m. Soc. Sc, Nancy, 1840, 
pp. 70-87) 8vo. Nancy, 1841 

Experiments of Arago, Faraday, Herschel and Babbage; discussion of ob- 
servations. 
— See also 979. 

looa. Henry, Joseph. (1797-1878.) Contributions to electricity and 
magnetism. No. IV. On electro-dynamic induction. (Trans. 
Amer. Philos. Soc, Vol. 8, pp. 1-36) ill. 4to. Philadelphia, 1841 
Three papers on electro-dynamic phenomena. 
— See also 1392, 194 it ^410, 3667. 

IOCS, Quetelet, (Lambert) A(dolphe Jacques.) (1796-1874.) R^sum^ 
des observations sur la m^t^orologie, sur le magn^tisme, sur 
les temperatures de la terre, la floraison des plantes. (M6m. 
Acad. Sc, Belgique, Vol. 14) 78 pp. 4to. Brussels, 1841 

Short memoir containing observations of magnetic dip and declination made 
in the year 1840. 
— See also 968. 

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1004. Reinsch, (Edgar) Hugo (Emil). (1809-1884.) Versuch einer 

neuen Erklaerungsmaschine der elektrischen Erscheinungen 
viii+120 pp. i2mo. Nuremberg, 184I 

The author's view on certain fundamental phenomena of electricity. 
— See also 3006, 

1005. St. Agobard, (also Agoberd, Agobold.) (779-840.) De la grele 

et du tonnerre. (Traduit par Ant. Pericaud, Taind.) 55 pp. 
8vo. Lyons, 1841 

Latin text with French translation in juxtaposition; very rare tract on cer- 
tain popular prejudices or superstitions of the time concerning storms, hail 
and related phenomena. The author lived in the 9th century, and was Arch- 
bishop of Lyons and one of the most distinguished men of his age and 
country. This is the first edition; a second edition was published the same 
year. 

1006. Smee, Alfred. (1818-1877.) Elements of electro-metallurgy; or 

the art of working in metals by the galvanic fluid. xxviii4-i63 
pp. I plate. 8vo. London, 1841 

Brief history, early batteries, application to the arts, by the inventor of the 
"Smee" battery. 

xooGa. Second edition, xxx+338 pp. ill. 8vo. London, 1843 

— See also 1030, Z165, xsi6. 

1007. Walker, Charles V(incent.) (1811-1882.) Electrotype manipu- 

lation; being the theory and plain instructions in the art of 
working in metals by precipitating them from their solutions 
through the agency of galvanic or voltaic electricity. 2 parts. 
iv+44+iv+44 pp. ill. i2mo. London, 1841 

Manual of instructions for workers in electro-metallurgy which passed 
through numerous editions. One or both parts of the following editions are 
also in the Library: Editions 2, 3, 4, 5, 9$ 10, la, 13, 14, 16, 18, 19, ai, 3a; 
x84x-i850. 
—See also zo6a, 38x1. 

Z008. Avogadro, (Amedeo) (Conte de Quaregna). (1776-1856.) Note 
sur la nature de la charge 61ectrique. (Biblioth. Univ. Suppl. 
Arch. rfilectricit6. Vol. 2, pp. 102-110.) 8vo. Geneva, 1842 
— See also 951. 

Z009. Buff, H(einrich.) (1805-1878.) Der Zusammenhang der neueren 
Elektricitaetslehre mit der Contact-theorie. 13 pp. 8vo. 

Giessen, 1842 
The theory of the voltaic cell. 

loio. Sur le rang de Thydrogene dans la serie de la tension 61ec- 

trique. (Extract, Ann. Chem. Phys. Vol. 41.) (Biblioth. Univ. 
Suppl. Arch, r^lectricit^. Vol. 2, pp. 222-226.) 8vo. 

Giessen, 1842 
Position of hydrogen in the electropotcntial series of chemical elements. 
— See also 11 99, 3120. 

zozz. Cooker (Sir) William Fothergill. (1806-1879.) Telegraphic rail- 
ways; or the single way recommended by safety, economy and 
efficiency under the safeguard and control of the electric tel- 
egraph. 39 pp. 5 plates. 8vo. London, 1842 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

Shows how safety and punctuality can be secured on single railway-lines 
by means of electric telegraph. 
— See also 1384, 3993. 

X0I2. Davis, Daniel. Manual of magnetism, including also electro- 
magnetism, magneto-electricity, and thermo-electricity. With 
a description of the electro-type process. viii-J-218 pp. ill. 8vo 

London, 1842 
Suggestive, experimental handbook. Has been cited in transformer litigation 
owing to the treatment in detail of the Ruhmkorff coil. 

1012a. Second edition, viii+322 pp. ill. i2mo. Boston, 1848 

1012b. Seventh edition, viii+322 pp. ill. 8vo. Boston, 1855 

— See also 5510. 

101$. Dellmaiin, (Johann) F(riedrich Georg.) (1805-1870.) Ueber ein 
neues Elektrometer. 24 pp. 4to. Coblents, 1843 

The author's electrometer and its uses. 
— See also 1512. 

1014, Dempp, Karl Wilhelm. Vollstaendiger Unterricht in der Tech- 

nik der Blitzableitersctzung nach 66 Modellen, nebst einem 
vorbereiteten Auszuge der Elektricitaetslehre und geschicht- 
liche Notizen ueber die Erfindung und Einfuehrung der Blitz 
ableiter. Fuer Architekten, Ingenieure, Bau- und Werkmeister, 
etc. vi+iio pp. 3 plates. 8vo. Munich^ 1842 

The erection of lightning-conductors; written as a guide for architects. 

1015. Elias, p. (1809-1878.) Beschrijving eener nieuwe machine ter 

aanwending van het electro-magnetismus als bewegkracht. 40 
pp. I plate. 8vo. Harlem, 1842 

The electro-motor invented by Elias of Amsterdam in 1842 marks an era in 
the practical application of electricity. See Sturgeon's "Annals" and 
Dredge's Electric Illumination. (See No. 2276.) 
— See also 1517. 

ioi6. Friese, Robert. Theoria galvanismi. 80 pp. 8vo. (Inaugural dis- 
sertation.) Bonn, 1842 
Dissertation on the general phenomena of currents. 

1017. Grove, (Sir) W(illiam) R(obert.) (1811-1896.) Lecture on the 
progress of physical science since the opening of the Lon- 
don Institution. 46 pp. 8vo. London, 1842 
Review of the work of Oersted, Ohm and Seebeck. 
— See also 1096, 2802. 

X018. Hansteen, Ch(ristopher.) (i 784-1873.) Disquisitiones de muta- 
tionibus quas patitur momentum acus magneticae. 44 pp. i 
plate. 4to. (Programm.) Christiania, 1842 

Experimental study of the weakening of the magnetic moment of magnets. 
— Sec also 756. 

1019.* Harris, (Sir) W(illiam) Snow. (1792-1867.) Protection from 
lightning. (Extract, Nautical Mag. 1842) 10 pp. i2mo. 

London, 1842 
Instances of damage done to men-of-war by lightning; advocacy of the 
method of protection devised by the author. 
— See also 801. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

1020. Knobloch, M. Der Galvanismus in seiner technischen Anwen- 

dung seit 1840. 116 pp. 8vo. Erlangen^ 1842 

Some practical applications of the electric current. 

1021. Kobdl, (Wolfgang Xaver) Franz von. (1803-1882.) Die Gal- 

vanographie, eine Methode gemalte Tuschbilder durch galva- 
nische Kupferplatten im Drucke zu vervielfaeltigen. 18 pp. 7 
plates. 4to. Munich^ 1S42 

Galvanography, or the art of reproducing pictures by means of the electric 
current. (See No. 986.) 

1022. Kopp, £(mil). (181 7-1875.} Essai sur les causes des variations 

de rintensitd des courants galvaniques. 59 pp. 4to. (These.) 

Strasburg, 1842 
Current strength as affected bj the arrangement of the cells in the battery, 
joint resistance of the conductors in circuit, etc. 

Z023. Llojrd, Humphrey. (i8cx>-i88i.) On a new magnetical instru- 
ment for the measurement of the inclination and its changes. 
16 pp. 8vo. Dublin, 1842 

— ^See also i4ao, 1916, 9035, 2710. 

Z024. Marianiniy Stefano Giovanni. (1790-1866.) Memoria sopra la 
corrente che nasce in un filo metallico chiuso quando si sos- 
pende la corrente voltaica che passa vicina e parallela ad esso. 
Letta alia R. Accad. di Modena, 5 Agosto 1841. (Raccolta 
fis. — chim. ital.. Vol. 2, pp. 249-255.) 4to. Modena, 1842 

Some phenomena of current induction. 
— See also 1063, 3241. 

Z025. Matteucci, C(arlo.) (1811-1868.) Observations sur un memoire 
de M. Vorsselman de Hcer, relatif i des experiences thermo- 
electriques. (Biblioth. Univers. Suppl. Arch. rfilectricit6, Vol. 
2, pp. 227-230) 8vo. Geneva, 1842 

— See also 985. 

1026. Peltier^ J(can) C(harles) A(thanase.) (1785-1845.) Recherches 
sur la cause des ph6nomenes 61ectriques de Tatmosphere, et sur 
les moyens d'en recueillir la manifestation. 49 pp. i plate. 8vo. 

Paris, 1842 
Presence and effect of . water-vapor in the atmosphere; causes of the elec- 
trification of the atmosphere; clouds positively and negatively charged. 
— See also 944* 

X027. PoggendorfF, J(ohann) C(hristian.) (1796-1877.) Methode pour 
determiner la force electromotrice dans les courants voltaiques 
a force non constante. (From Ann. Phys. Chem. Vol. 54) 
(Biblioth. Univers. Suppl. Arch. rfilectricit6, Vol. 2, pp. 5-35) 
8vo. Geneva, 1842 

10273. — —Methode pour determiner le rapport entre le maximum 
d'intensit6 de deux courants voltaiques. (From Ann. Phys. 
Chem. Vol. 54.) (Biblioth. Univers. Suppl. Arch. Tfilcctricit^, 
Vol. 2, pp. 196-221) 8vo. Geneva, 1842 

— See also 1103, 1333, 1691, 175s, 1781, 1950, 9783. 
Z028. Sampson^ Thomas. Electrotint; or, The art of making paint- 
ings in such a manner that copper plates and blocks can be 

324 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

taken from them by means of voltaic electricity. 26 pp. 3 
plates. 8vo. London, 1842 

Producing drawings or paintings so that copper plates for printing can be 
made from them by the electrotype process. (See No. 4995-) 

xoag. Shaw, George. (1751-1813.) Manual of electro-metallurgy. vi+ 
49 pp. Svo. London, 1842 

10293. Second edition, enlarged, iv+202 pp. pi. Svo. 

London, 1844 

1030. Smee, Alfred. (1818-1877.) New definition of the voltaic cir- 
cuit. (Reprinted from "Elements of electro-metallurgy," pp. 
187-204) 19 pp. 8vo. London, 1842 

DanielU Grove and Smee cells considered. (Autograph copy.) 

X031. On the intimate rationale of the voltaic force. (Reprinted 

from "Elements of electro-metallurgy," pp. 307-328) 22 pp. 8vo. 

London, 1842 
Electricity is not a thing, it is a vibration, 
— See also xoo6. 

103a. Sturgeon, William. (1783-1850.) Lectures on electricity, de- 
livered in the Royal Victoria Gallery, Manchester during the 
years 1841-1842. xi4-240 pp. i plate. i2mo. London, 1842 

Comprehensive popular treatment by the notable English electrician. 
— See also 925. 

X033. Wartmann, Elie (Francois.) (1817-1886.) Sur les relations qui 
lient la lumiere a Telectricit^, lorsque Tun des deux fluides pro- 
duit une action chimique. (Biblioth. Univers. Suppl. Vol. 2, 
Arch, d'filectricite, pp. 596-600.) 8vo. Geneva, 1842 

The question is asked: "Is light converted into electricity?" (Autograph 
copy, dedicated to Faraday). 
— See also 1088, 1138, 3889. 

X034. Wetzler, J(ohann) E(vangelist.) (1774—?) Beobachtungcn 
ueber den Nutzen und Gebrauch des Keil'schen magnet-clek- 
trischen Rotations-Apparatus in Krankheiten, besonders in 
chronisch-nervoesen, rheumatischen und gichtischen, gesam- 
melt zu Muenchen, Augsburg, Wuerzburg und Kissingen. 184 
pp. 8vo. Leipzig^ 1842 

Instances from the author's practise of the effective application of the 
electric current to the cure of diseases. 

1035. Arrott, Alexander R. On some new cases of voltaic action, and 

on the construction of a battery without the use of oxidisable 
metals. (Mem. Chem. Soc. Vol. i, pp. 142-150) 8vo. 

London, 1843 
The conclusion of the paper is that chemical action is the result of the tend- 
ency of the molecules of the electrolyte to arrange themselves in a state 
of equilibrium. 

1036. Boquillon, (Nicolas.) De Telectrotypie. (Extract, Revue Scient. 

Indust.) 58 pp. 8vo. Paris, 1843 

Account of the author's researches on electrotyping with allusions to the 
work of Jacobi, Spencer and others. (See Nos. 982, 990.) 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

1037. BottOy (Giuseppe Domenico). (1791-1865.) Experiences sur les 
rapports entre Tinduction electro-magnetique et Taction elec- 
trochimique suivies de considerations sur les machines electro- 
magnetiques. (Mem. Accad. Sc. Torino, Ser. II., Vol. 5, pp. 
239-261) 4to. Turin, 1843 

Comparison of the electrocheinical and elcctroma^etic effects of a Groiw 
battery. 
— Sec also 951. 

X038. Braid, James. (i795?-i86o.) Neurypnology; or, The rationale 
of nervous sleep, considered in relation with animal mag- 
netism. Illustrated by cases of its application in the relief 
and cure of disease, xii+265 pp. i2mo. London, 1843 

Hypnotiam with a few allusions to personal magnetism. The writer was 
a pioneer of the modern school of hypnotism. 

1039. Eydam, I(mmanuel.) (1802-1847.) Die Erscheinungen der 
Elektrizitaet und des Magnetismus in ihrer Verbindung mit 
einander. Nach den neuesten Entdeckungen im Gebiete des 
Elektro-Magnetismus und der Indukt ions- Elektrizitaet fuer 
Freunde der Naturwissenschaften und besonders fuer Aerzte 
ausfuehrlieh dargestellt. xx+360 pp. 3 plates. 8vo. 

Weimar, 1843 
Magnetism and electricity compared with regard to their nature and effects. 

Z04a Finlaison, John. (1783-1860.) Account of some remarkable ap- 
plications of the electric fluid to the useful arts by Mr. Alex- 
ander Bain; with a vindication of his claim to be the first 
inventor of the electro-magnetic printing telegraph, and also 
of the electro-magnetic clock. 127 pp. 2 plates. 8vo. 

London, 1843 
The first two parts of a controversial character; part III. notices the 
earlier applications of electro-magnetism and is followed by a chronological 
table extending from 181 6 to 1843. Also newspaper article on Bain, by 
Professor Tait. (See No. 995.) 

Z04Z. Frocheur^ Florian. Brunetto Latini; notice sur un manuscrit 
frangais de son Tresor des sciences. 23 pp. i plate. 8vo. 

Brussels, 1843 
Account of the works of Brunetto Latini, poet and philosopher who died 
in 1294. Reference to the mariner's compass, p. 20. 

1042. Gavarrety (Louis Dominique Jules.) (1809-1890.) Lois generates 

de Telectricite dynamique, analyse et discussion des princi- 
paux phenomenes physiologiques et pathologiques qui s* y 
rapportent. 151 pp. 4to. (These.) Paris, 1843 

Thesis in which the sources and effects of dynamic electricity are discussed; 
electric fishes, muscular currents, electro-therapeutics. 
— See also 1390, 1519. 

1043. Harris, (Sir) William Snow. (1792-1867.) On the nature of 

thunderstorms and on the means of protecting buildings and 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

shipping against the destructive effects of lightning, xvi+226 
pp. ill. 8 plates. 8vo. London, 1843 

This work contributed greatly to the adoption in England of lightning con- 
ductors for the protection of houses and ships; besides the 8 plates, there 
are 52 illustrations. 
— See also Sox. 

1044. Hesse, Julius (Ostwald.) Erfahrungen und Beobachtungen 

ueber die Anwendung des magneto-elektrischen Rotations- 
Apparates bei verschiedenen Krankheiten. iv+95 pp. i2mo. 

New-Brandenburg, 1843 
Magneto-electric machine for medical purposes. 

1045. Humphreys, John Doddridge. Electro-physiology of man. 

With practical illustrations of new and efficient modes of gal- 
vanic treatment in a variety of cases, xii+228 pp. i2mo. 

London, 1843 
General principles of physiology followed by an account of the part played 
by electricity in the treatment of disease. 

1046. Jacobi, Moritz Hermann von. (1801-1874.) Bericht ueber die 

Entwicklung der Galvanoplastik. (Bull. Acad. Sc. CI. Phy- 
sico-Math. St. Petersbourg, Vol. I., pp. 65-71.) 8vo. 

St. Petersburg, 1843 
Two papers on electrotyping processes, 1842. 

1047. Bericht ueber die galvanische Vergoldung. (Bull. Acad. Sc. 

CI. Physico-Math., Vol. i, pp. 72-7^.) 8vo. St. Petersburg, 1843 

Paper of historical interest on goldplating. 
1048. Extrait d'une lettre de M. le Prof. Jacobi a Dorpat a M. 

Lenz. (Article written in German.) (Biblioth. Univers. Suppl. 

Arch, rfilectricite, Vol. 3.) 7 pp. i plate. 8vo. Geneva, {1843) 

Research connected with Daniell's battery. 

— See also 907. 

1049. Lament, (Johann) von. (1805-1879.) Bestimmung der Horizon- 

tal-Intensitaet des Erdmagnetismus nach absolutem Maase. 
(Abh. Bayer. Akad. Wiss. Math.-Nat. Kl. Vol. 3, pp. 621-670+ 
I p. additions in MS.) i plate. 4to. Munich, 1843 

Theory of the method of determining the horizontal component of the 
earth's magnetism in absolute measure. 
— See also 1208, 1364, 1491, 1679, 2803. 

1050. Sabine, (Sir) Edward. (1788-1883.) Observations on days of 

unusual magnetic disturbance, made at the British Colonial 
Magnetic observatories. Part I. 1840-1841. Folio. 

London, 1843 
The observations tabulated at Toronto, St. Helena, Van Diemen's Land and 
the Cape of Good Hope. Some details about aurorae. 
— See also 945. 

1051. Schoenbein, C(hristian) F(riedrich). (i 799-1868.) Sur la na- 

ture d'odeur particuliere qui se developpe au pole positif d'une 
pile pendant I'electrolysation de Teau, et qui se degage par les 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

pointes, pendant remission de T^lectricitd ordinaire. (Biblioth. 
Univers. Suppl. Arch. I'filectricit^ Vol. 3, pp. 295-308.) 8vo. 

Geneva, 1843 
On the odor produced at the Anode during electrolyait of water, And between 
point! during electric diachArge; ozone. 
— See Also 989. 

xosa. (Sidney, Edwin.) Electricity, its phenomena, laws and results. 
viii4-i84 pp. ill. Sm. 4to. London, 1843 

Popular exposition with numerous itlustrAtions. 

losaa. New edition, vii+182 pp. i6mo. London, (1862) 

1053. Sloet tot Oldhuis, B(artholomeus) W(illem) A(nne) E(lisa.) 

(1808-1884.) Levenschets van P. O. C. Vdrsselman de Heer 
met bijlagen van de hoogleeraren J. F. L. Schroeder, G. J. 
Mulder en den heer S. van Delden. 208 pp. portr. 8vo. 

Deventer, 1843 
Life of Vorsselmsn de Heer. 

1054. Sturgeon^ William. (1783-1850.) Course of twelve elementary lec- 

tures on galvanism, xi+231 pp. ill. i plate. i2mo. London, 1843 
The Appendix contAins A detAiled Account of electricAl fishes. 
— See Also 925. 

1055. Zantedeschif Francesco. (1797-1873.) Le leggi del magnetismo 

nel filo congiuntivo percorso dalla corrente voltiana. 7 pp. i 
plate. 8vo. Venice, 1843 

Note giving the Author's Tiews on the electric current. 

1056. Trattato di fisica elementare. Vol. I. i plate. 8vo. 

Venice, 1843 
Short trestise on generAl physics. 
— See Also 950. 

Z058. Casselmaim, W(ilhelm) Th(eodor.) (1820-1872.) Ueber die 
galvanische Kohlenzinkplatte und einige mit derselben ange- 
stellte Beobachtungen. 76 pp. 4 tables, i plate. 8vo. 

Marburg, 1844 
The Bunsen cell. 

1059. Elsermann, O. Ueber die Elektricitaetsvertheilung in offenen 
galvanischen Saeulen und Ketten sowie in offenen galvani- 
schen Combinationen aus Metallen ohne Dazwischenkunft 
fluessigcr Leiter. 24 pp. 4to. (Programm.) 

Saarbruecken, 1844 
The voItAic pile, a studj. 
Z060. Grimelli, P. G. Prospetto delle memorie elettriche e magne- 
tiche pubblicate da Stefano Marianini. 86 pp. 1. 8vo. 

Modena, 1844 

Genersl notice of the prindpAl pApers of MAriAnlnl. 
1061. Hopkins, Evan. (?-i867.) On the connexion of geology with 
terrestrial magnetism, vi+129 pp. 24 plates. 8vo. 

London, 1844 
The magnetic And electro-magnetic state of the earth considered. 

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CATALOGUE OP WHEELER GIFT 

zo6za ^Third edition, btxvi pp. 2 plates. i2mo. London, 185$ 

— See alio 1646, i7ai« 

zo6a. Lardner, Dionysius (1793-1B59) s^nd Ch(arle8) V(incent) Walker 
(1811-1882). Manual of electricity, magnetism and meteorol- 
ogy. Vol. II., ill. map. i2mo. London, 1844 
Cot^prehensive physical treatment of the subjects. 
— See also 876, Z007. 

Z063. Marianini, S(tefano Giovanni.) (1790-1866.) Memoria sul mag- 
netismo dissimulate e sopra alcuni fenomeni da esso derivanti. 
(Mem. Soc. Ital. Sc, Modena, Vol. 23, pp. 201-218) 4to. 

Modena, 1844 
Magnetic effect of the Leyden jar discharge. Some differences noticed in 
iron when magnetized by a magnet and by a Leyden jar discharge. 
— See also 1024. 

1064. Matteucci, C(arlo.) (1811-1868.) Traite des phenomcnes ^ec- 

trophysiologiques des animaux, suivi d'etudes anatomiques sur 
le systeme nerveux et sur Torgane electrique de la torpille, 
par Paul Savi. xix+348 pp. 3 plates. 8vo. Paris, 1844 

The author's researches on the action of the electric current on the nervous 
and muscular systems of animals. (See No. xo68.) 

10648. (English translation.) Lectures on the physical phenomena 

of human beings, translated by Jonathan Pereira; with correc- 
tions and additions by Matteucci and notes by Pereira. X+43S 
pp. ill. i2mo. London, 1847 

— See also 985. 

1065. Noad, Henry M(inchin.) (1815-1877.) Lectures on electricity, 

comprising galvanism, magnetism, electro-magnetism, mag- 
neto- and thermo-electricity, iv+457 PP. JU. 8vo. London, 1844 
Enlarged edition of Lectures, first published in 1839. (See No. 1270.) 
^See also 1463, 1688, 1728. 

1066. Petrina, Franz (Adam). (1799-1855.) Magneto-elektrische Ma- 

schine fuer den aerztlichen und physikalischen Gebrauch. 56 
pp. 8vo. Lins, 1844 

Small magneto-electric madiines for physical and medical purposes. 

— See also 1x02, X163, 1268. 

1067. Riddell, C(harles) J(ames) B(uchanan.) (1817-1903.) Magnetical 

instructions for the use of portable instruments adapted for 
magnetical surveys and portable observatories and for use of 
a set of small instruments adapted for a fixed mag^netical ob- 
servatory; with forms for the registry of magnetical and me- 
teorologpical observations. 146 pp. tables. 4to. London, 1844 

Instructions for determining the three magnetic elements at any place. 

1067a* Supplement to magnetical instructions. 22 pp. 4to. 

London, 1846 

X068. Savi, Paolo. (1798-1871.) Etudes anatomiques sur le syst^e 
nerveux et sur Torgane Electrique de la torpille. (Matteucci, 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

Traits des phdnom^nes dlectro-physiologiques des animaux, 

pp. 337-34S) in. 8vo. Paris, 1844 

Description with illustrations of the electric organ of the torpedo. (See No. 
1064.) 

Z069. Schellen, (Thomas Joseph) Heinrich. (1818-1884.) Die elektro- 
magnetische Telegraphie, nebst einer Einleitupg ueber op- 
tische und akustischc Telegraphen. 37 pp. 2 plates. 8vo. (Pro- 
gramm.) Dusseldorf, 1844 

Short history of electric telegraphy. 
— See also 1300, 1699, 2170. 

1070. Scoretby, William. (1789-1857.) Magnetical investigations. 2 
vols. 8vo. London, 1844-1832 

Vol. z. contains an elaborate series of researches on the capacity and re- 
tentivity of steel for the magnetic condition. Vol. II. treats of the xnductiTe 
action of the earth on iron and steel with application to iron ships and their 
navigation. 
^See also 805. 

Z07Z. Charante, Nicolaus Hendrik van. (1821-1847.) Disquisitiones 
quaedam, experimentales et theoreticae circa magnetismum ro- 
tatione exercitatum. 80 pp. i plate. 1. 8vo. (Inaugural disserta- 
tion.) Leyden, 1844 
Arago's "rotations" and Faraday's researches. 

2072. Cito, Michele (also Delia Rocca). Esperimenti sulla forza elet- 
tro motrice delle varie sostanze: pubblicati in occasione della 
settima riunione degli Scienziati Italiani. 11 pp. 8vo. 

Naples, 1845 
Short paper giving results of experiment of the e. m. f. of contact of sine 
with a number of liquids. 

Z073. GillisB, James Melvin. (1811-1865.) Magnetical and meteorolog- 
ical observations made at Washington, 1838-1842. xxviii-f648 
pp. 8vo. Washington^ 184$ 

Observations of declination at Washington from September 1838 to June 
184J. 

1074. Gonon, Ennemond. Des tel^graphes a^riens et ^lectriques. 107 
pp. I plate. 8vo. Paris, 1845 

Note on Chappe's semaphoric telegraph, details of the author's system. 

Z075. Haldat du Lys, (Charles Nicolas Alexandre) de. (1770-1852.) 
Histoire du magndtisme dont les ph6nom^nes sont rendus sen- 
sibles par le mouvement. 49 pp. i plate. 8vo. Nancy, 1845 
History and discussion of "Arago's rotations." 
— See also 979. 

1076. Kaemts, L(udwig) F(riedrich.) (1801-1867.) Complete course 
of meteorology, with notes by Ch. Martins and an appendix 
containing the graphic representation of the numerical tables 
by L. Lalanne, translated with notes and additions by C. V. 
Walker, xxii+598 pp. 15 plates. 8vo. London, 1845 

The electrical phenomena of the atmosphere with notes by Charles Vincent 
Walker. 
— Sec also 80a. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

1077. Lord, William. Telegraphic vocabulary, adapted for the line 

of semaphoric telegraphs from Liverpool to Holyhead, con- 
taining also a description of the telegraph and the method of 
making signals either by the semaphore or Marryat's flags. 
Sign, a — z, 2a — ^2c in 4s. 2 plates. 8vo. London, 184$ 

1078. Magrini, Luigi. (i8o4?-i868.) Sulla elettromozione tellurica 

Sunto di nuovi lavori esperimentali eseguiti dal Prof. L. 
Magrini in occasione del sesto congresso scientifico, mediante 
il grande apparato fatto costruire dalla citta di Milano. II 
politecnico VII. 69 pp. Svo. Milan, 1845 

Observations and experiments on earth-currents. 
— See also 940. 

zo78-('bi8. Masson, A(ntoine Phillibert). (1806-1860.) Etudes de pho- 
tometric dlectriqne. (Premier et deuxi^me memoire, com- 
muniques i TAcaddmie des Sciences dans les seances des 19 
f^vrier et 5 aoiit 1844.) (Extrait des Annales de Chimie et de 
Physique. Ser. Ill, vol. 14, pp. 1-68, 2 plates.) — ^Troisieme, qua- 
trieme et cinquieme m^moires. (Extraits des Annales de 
Chimie et de Physique, Ser. Ill, vols. 30 and 31, pp. 73-133, 2 
plates.) Sixi^me memoire. (Extrait d'un travail couronne 
et public par la Societe Royale des Sciences de Harlem, 1854.) 
(Extrait des Annales de Chimie et de Physique, Ser. Ill, vol. 
45, pp. 1-70.) 8vo. Paris, 1845 {-1855) 

Reprints of six m^moires presented before scientific bodies. Includes a study 
of the various phenomena of the voltaic arc. Presentation copy of Mr. 
Delarive, with author's correetions. (See No. 2938.) 
— See also 941. 

io78*|-bi8. Magnetic Telegraph from Baltimore to New York. Report 
made by Mr. Chappell, March 3, 1845. (Report of Committee 
of Ways and Means, House of Representatives, 28 Congr., 
2nd Sess. Rep. No. 187.) 7 pp. 8vo. Washington, 1845 

Under the date of March 3, 1845, the committee after pointing out the 
merits of Prof. Morse's telegraph, recommends that the government should 
lose no time "in occupying with a telegraph of its own the ground between 
Baltimore and New York." The Morse telegraph between Washington and 
Baltimore was then in operation. 

1079. Palmieri, Luigi. (1807-1896.) Nuovo apparecchio d'induzione 

tellurica. 16 pp. i plate. 4to. Naples, 1843 

General description of an earth-inductor. 
— See also 1750. 

1080. Peltier, (Jean Charles Athanase.) (fils.) Note sur les ph^nom^- 

nes que peuvent presenter les arbres soumis k Tinfluence d'un 
nuage charge d'une puissante tension 61ectrique (Extract, Re- 
vue Scient. et industr. 1845.) 7 pp. 8vo. Paris, 1845 
The author briefly discusses the effect of the static tension that may arise 
in the case of poorly-conducting trees influenced by a charged cloud. 
— See also iiox, 1122. 

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XATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

zo8i. Perrot» (Ingenieur i Rouen.) Lettre sur les procid^s ^lec- 
tro-chimiques dc dorure d'argenture, dc zincage, etc. 15 pp. 
8vo. Paris, 1845 

Electro-deposition: letter on • question of priority. 

Z083. Peached C(arl) F(riedrich.) (1793-1852.) Elements of physics, 
translated from the German with notes by E. West 3 vols. 
ilL i2mo. London, 1845-1846 

Vol. II has a chapter on magnetism, magnetic effect of violet rays, p. 313. 
Vol. MX treats of static and dynamic electricity (elementary). 

1083. Pfaff, (Christian Heinrich). (1773-1852.) Parallele der chemi- 
schen Theorie und der Voltaischen Contact-Theorie der gal- 
vanischen Kette. vii+145 pp. 8vo. KieU 1845 

Discussion of the contact and chemical theories of the voltaic battery. 
— See also 8is. 

Z084. Plana, (Giovanni Antonio Amedeo.) (1781-1864.) Memoire sur 

la distribution de Telectricitd a la surface de deux spheres 

conductrices completement isol6es. (Mem. Accad. Sc. Torino, 
VII, pp. 71-401.) 4to Turin, 1845 

Mathematical investigation of the distribution of electric charge on the sur- 
faces of neighboring spheres. 
— See alio 1125, 1427. 

1085. Thomson, (Sir) William. (Lord Kelvin.) (1824-1907.) Note 

on induced magnetism in a plate. (Cambridge & Dublin Math. 
Journ. N. S. Vol. i, pp. 34-37.) 8vo. Cambridge, 1845 

Mathematical theory of magnetism induced in soft iron. 
.—See also 1109, 1134, 1150, X584» i^S^* >847t 1890, X967bis, sosa, 2299, 
a34X. a378, 2946. 

1086. Ure, Andrew. (1778-1857.) Recent improvements in arts, manu- 

factures, and mines, being the second edition of a supplement 
to the third edition, of his dictionary. xvi-|-3ii pp. ill. 8vo. 

London, 1843 
Article on electro-metallurgy, pp. 80-84. 

1087. Vail, (Alfred). (1807-1859.) Description of the American electro- 

magnetic telegraph now in operation between the cities of 
Washington and Baltimore. 24 pp. ill. 8vo. Washington, 1845 
Reference to the origin of the Morse alphabet and the use of multiple wires 
for transmission of signals. Vail was a distinguished American electrician 
and inventor. 
— See also 1137. 

X088. Wartmann, £(lie Francois). (1817-1886.) De la m6thode dans 
Tclectricit^ et le magnetisme a propos du Trattato del mag- 
netismo e della elettricita, dell' Abbate Francesco Zantedeschi. 
(Biblioth. Univers. Suppl. Arch. Tfilectricite. Vol. 5, 15 pp.) 
8vo. Geneva, 1845 

The sequence of subjects in a course of electricity and magnetism. (Auto- 
graph copy, dedicated to Becquerel). (See No. io9obis.) 
— See also 1033. 

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DESCRIPTION 



AMERICAN 

ELECTRO MAGNETIC TELEGRAPH: 



NOW Dt OPBRATION BBTWEXN THE CITIES Or 



WASHINGTON AND BALTIMORE. 



ILLU8TKATBD BY FOURTEEN WOOD ENGKAVIN08. 



BY ALFRED YAIL, 

AOBIStAMT BUrERINTEllDBlIT Or BLBC. MAO. TBt. FOB THE V. f . 



^Tb« tuie principle which JosUfled aod demiinded the trantferencf of the naU on many cblaf 
nratea, from the horae-drawn coach on comnon highways to iteam- Impelled vehlclei on land and- 
water, fa equally potent to warrant the calUnf of the electro mafnetic telefraph-^ihat laat and moit 
wondrotti birth or thia wondeMeeming age— in aid of the poet ofBce, in discharge of lla great ftmo* 
lion ofrapldly vanamitting correspondence and JnteUigence." 

Rbp- op Cov. op WATa axd Miaks op H. R., 1845. 



Entered, according to Act of Conffreae, in the year 1845, by Alfred Vail, 
in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States, in and for the 
Diatiict of Columbia. 



WASHINGTON: 

PRINTED BY J. 4t Q. 8. GIDEON. 
1845. 

1087. VAIL. iReduced,) 
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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

1089. Wunschmann, O. Ueber galvanische Elektricitaet in Bezug auf 

ihre technische Anwendung. 36 pp. i2mo. (Jahresbcricht.) 

Berlin, 184$ 
Some industrial applications of the electro-current. 

1090. Zantedeschiy Francesco. (1797-1873.) Di una macchina a disco 

per la doppia elettricita e delle esperienze eseguite con essa 
comparativamente a quelle dell* elettromotore voltiano. (Mem. 
1st. Veneto, Vol. 2, pp. 171-181) i plate. 4to. Venice, 1845 

Electrical machine permitting the use of the two kinds of electricity. 

zogobis. ^Trattato del magnetismo e della elettricita. Vol. II, 546 

pp. 4 plates. Svo. Venice, 1845 

Volume of special interest: Romagnosi's experiment, p. 2; Morichini and 
Mrs. Somenrille on the (supposed) magnetizing power of violet light, p. 
3x6; Faraday's discovery of magneto-electric induction anticipated by Abbate 
2^ntedeschi, p. 357. (See No. xo88.) 
— See also 950. 

Z091. Amoldi, LttigL Dei telegrafi elettrici. (Giorn. Arcadico, Vol. 
108, pp. 79-106) I plate. 8vo. Rome, 1846 

An electrical dial telegraph: refers to the inventions of Alfred Vail and 
others. (Autograph copy, dedicated to Volpicelli. 

zoga. Beckmann, Johann. (1739-1811.) History of inventions, discov- 
eries and origins, translated from the German by William 
Johnston. Fourth edition, revised and enlarged by William 
Francis and J(ohn) W(illiam) Griffith. 2 vols, portr. ill. i2mo. 

London, 1846 
A work of much erudition. The author was professor at the University of 
Gottingen. Articles on magnetic cures, on tourmaline and lyncurium. (The 
Library has received by gift, too late for entry, a copy of the translation by 
William Johnston, 3 vols., 488+445 +49^ PP-» London, i797-) 

X093. Becquerely (Antoine Cesar.) (1788-1878.) Traite complet du 
magnetism e. cxi-f547 pp. 18 plates. 8vo. Paris, 1846 

Extensive treatise on the laws and phenomena of magnetism with discussion 
of observations and theories of terrestrial magnetism. 
— See also 88a. 

X094. Boncompagni, (also Buoncompagni) (Ludovisi) B(aldassare). 
(1821-1894.) Intorno ad alcuni avanzamenti della fisica in 
Italia nei secoli xvi e xvii. (Giorn. Arcadico, Vol. 109, pp. 
3-48) 8vo. Rome, 1846 

Analysis of the scientific work of Giambaptista Porta, i540-x6x5. Magnetia 
condition of the iron cross of St. Augustin's church at Rimini, p. 23, 
— Sec also 1443. 

X095. Gloesener, (Michael.) (1794-1876.) Notice sur deux petits ap- 
pareils propres i changer la direction des courants ^lectriques. 
(Mem. Soc. Sc, Liege, Vol. 2, pp. 489-492) i, plates. Svo. 

Liige, 1846 
Note on apparatus for reversing the direction of a current. 
— See also 1257, 1520, 1910. 

1096. Grove, (Sir) W(illisim) R(obert.) (1811-1896.) On the cor- 
relation of physical forces being the substance of a course of 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

lectures delivered in the London Institution in the year 1843. 
iv+52 pp. 8vo. Printed by order of the managers of the Lon- 
don Institution at the request of the proprietors. (London,) 1846 
These lectures formed the basis of the author's famous work on the correla- 
tion of physical forces. 

Z096a. The correlation of physical forces. Second edition. vii+HQ 

pp. 8vo. London, 1850 

— See also 10 17. 

Z097. Haldat du Lys, (Charles Nicolas Alexandre) de (1770-1852.) 
Deux memoires sur le magnetisme. (Extract, Mem. Soc. Sc, 
Nancy) 40+19 pp. i plate. 8vo. Nancy 9 1846 

Considerations on general diamagnetic phenomena. 
— See also 979. 

1098. Highton, £(dward.) On the effects of atmospheric electricity, 
as exemplified in the storms of the summer of 1846. 28 pp. ill. 
4to. London, 1846 

Practical rules concerning lightning conductors. 
— See also 1231, 306a. 

Z099. Hunt, Robert. (1807-1887.) Researches on the influence of mag- 
netism and voltaic electricity, on crystallization, and other 
conditions of matter. (Mem. Geol. Surv. Great Britain, Vol. 

I, pp. 433-459) >11- 8vo. London, 1846 

Relations between molecular forces and the phenomena of magnetism and 
electricity. 

— See also laos, 2768. 
xxoo. Lowe, Edward Joseph. (1825- 1900.) Treatise on atmospheric 
phaenomena. 375 pp. ill. pi. i2mo. London, 1846 

Thunderstorms and the aurora borealis. 

xxox. Peltier, Jean Charles Athanase (fils). Essai sur la coordination 
des causes qui precedent, produisent et accompagnent les phe- 
nom^nes ^lectriques. (M^m. Couronnes Acad. Sc, Bruxelles, 
Vol. 19, pp. 1-69) I plate. 4to. Brussels^ 1846 

Theoretical yiews on static electricity; electric and magnetic inductioa. 
— See also 1080. 

xioa. Petrina, Franz (Adam). (1799-1855.) Neue Theorie des Elek- 
trophors, and ein neues Harzkuchen-Elektroskop. (Abh. 
Boehm. Akad. Wiss. Vol. 4, pp. 525-546) i plate. 4to. 

Prague^ 1846 

The first part of the paper is devoted to the history of the electrophoms 
and the condenser. 
— See also 1066. 

1103. Poggendorff, (Johann Christian). (1796-1877.) Ueber ein Pro- 
blem bei linearer Verzweigung elektrischer Stroeme. (Sitz. 
Ber. Akad. Wiss. Math.-Nat. Kl. Berlin, 1846, pp. 3-16) 8vo. 

Berlin, 1846 
Current-division in multiple circuits. 
— See also 1027. 

XX04. Reichenbach, (Karl Ludwig Friedrich) von. (1788-1869.) Ab- 
stract of researches on magnetism and on certain allied sub- 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

jects including a supposed new imponderable. Translated and 
abridged from the German by William Gregory. 112 pp. 2 
plates. 8vo. London, 1846 

The author holds that there are two Idndt of force in a magnet, one of 
which attracts iron while the other acts on the nervons qrstem. 
— See also xi88. 

Z105.* R(ichardot) Ch(arles.) (1771-1852.) Nouveaux appareils contre 
les dangers de la foudre ou les paratonnerres populaires. 58 
pp. I plate. 8vo. Paris, 1846 

General theory of lightning-conductors; construction recommended by the 
Acad^ie des Sciences. 
— See also Saa. 

iio6, SeySer^ Otto E. S. Geschichte der Entdeckung der Contact- 
oder sogenannten galvanischen Elektricitaet bis zur Erfindung 
der Saeule durch Alexander Volta. 31 pp. 8vo. (Inaugural dis- 
sertation.) Heidelberg f 1846 
Observations of current phenomena prior to the invention of the voltaic 
"pile" with reference to original papers. 

1107. Solly, Edward. (1819-1886.) On the influence of electricity on 
vegetation. (Journ. Horticult. Soc. Vol. i, pp. 81-109) 8vo. 

London, 1846 
History of the subject. 
— See also 2875. 

ZZ08. Steinberg, K(arl.) (1812-1852.) Die Dynamide, Elektricitaet, 
Magnetismus, Licht, Waerme, Verwandtschaftslehre und 
Stoechiomctrie. Compendium zu Vorlesungen ueber allge- 
meine Chemie. 83 pp. 8vo. Berlin, 1846 

Rudiments of electricity, magnetism and heat. 

1109. Thomson, (Sir) William (Lord Kelvin.) (1824-1907.) On the 
elementary laws of statical electricity. (Cambridge & Dublin 
Math. Journ., Vol. i, pp. 75-95.) 8vo. Cambridge, 1846 

Researches in confirmation of Coulomb's law of the inverse square of the 
distance. 
— See also 1085. 

iixo. Weber, (Wilhelm) Eduard. (1804-1891.) Elektrodynamischc 
Maasbestimmungen. 170 pp. Large 8vo. Leipzig, 1846 

The great work of Weber on absolute measurement; also his research on 

diamagnetism. (Autograph copy). 

—See also 920, 124s, 1273, 1400, 1563, ax 18, 2785. 

XX zz. Archer, Charles Maybury. The London anecdotes; anecdotes 
of the electric telegraph. 128 pp. i6mo. London, {1847) 

zxxxa. (Another edition.) 2 vols. i6mo. London, 1848 

— See also 12x9. 

xxxa. Becquerel, Antoine Cesar. (1788-1878.) & (Alexandre) E(d- 
mond) BecquereL (1820-1891.) £l6ments de physique terrestre 
et de met^orologie. 706 pp. 14 plates, tables. 8vo. Paris, 1847 
Contains chapters on atmospheric electricity, terrestrial magnetism, and 
polar aurorae. 
—See also 88a, 1439. 

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Druckv.J.Hdller 
1110. WEBER. (See No. 4377.) 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

11x3. Caselli, Luigi. II telegrafo elettrico. 22 pp. 2 plates. 8vo. 

Rome, 1847 
Note on the facsimile telegraph of the author's brother, Abbate Giovanni 
Caaelli. 

1 1 14. Harris, (Sir) W(illiam) Snow, (i 792-1867.) Remarkable in- 
stances of the protection of certain ships of her Majesty's 
navy from the destructive effects of lightning. 61 pp+8 pp. 
addenda. 2 plates. Svo. London, 1847 

List of 320 ships struck by lightning with remarks. 
— See also Sox. 

XI 15. Hatcher, W(illiam Henry). An account of the electric tel- 
egraph; extracted from the Engineer's and Gintractor's Pocket- 
book for 1847 and 1848. 20 pp. ill. i2mo. London, 1847 
— See also 2863. 

XI16. Johnson, Edward J(ohn.) (?-i853.) Practical illustrations of 
the necessity for ascertaining the deviations of the compass; 
with explanatory diagrams, and some account of the compass 
system now adopted in the Royal Navy; with notes on mag- 
netism, etc. vi+85 pp. map. pi. Folio. Published under the 
sanction of the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty. 

London, 1847 
General observations on magnetism with instructions for estimating the var- 
ious disturbing influences on a ship's compass. 

ziz6a. Second edition. xii-fi74 PP- i map, 2 plates. 4to. 

London, 1852 
^See also 2709. 

11x7. Lhermite. Fhenomenes chimiques produits par les courants 
clectriques. 64 pp. 4to. (Th^se.) Paris, 1847 

Chemical action gives rise to electrical currents; in turn, electrical currents 
give rise to chemical reactions; some of these reactions are described in the 
thesis. 

ZZ18. Martin, A. G. C. Der elektrische Telegraph, nebst einer kurzen 
Geschichte der gesammten Teleg^aphie. ("Austria," 1847.) 29 
pp. 8vo. Vienna^ 1847 

Brief history of the telegraph: mechanical, optical, electrical. 

XX19. Mueller, J(ohann Heinrich Jakob.) (1809-1875.) Principles of 
physics and meteorology. (Library of Illustrated Standard 
Scientific works. Vol. 12.) x+573 pp. ill. 2 plates. 8vo. 

London, 1847 
— See also 911. 

Xiao. Osann, G(ottfried) W(ilhelm.) (1797-1866.) Grundzuege der 
Lehre von dem Magnetismus und der Elektricitaet. viii+183 
pp. ill. Svo. Wurgburg, 1847 

Elementary textbook on magnetism and electricity. 

xiax. Peclet, (Jean Claude) E(ug^ne.) (1793-1857.) Traits elemen- 
taire de physique. Fourth edition. Vol. II. 8vo. Paris, 1847 
Magnetism and electricity treated experimentally. 

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CATALOGUE OP WHEELER GIFT 

1122, Peltier, J(ean) C(harles) A(thanase) (fils). Notice sur la 
vie ct Ics travaux scientifiques dc J. C. Peltier. 472 pp. portr. 
8vo. Paris, 184/ 

The electrical work of the discoverer of the Peltier effect. 
— See also 1080. 

1x23. Peter Progress (Pseud.) Electric telegraph, comprising a brief 
history of former modes of telegraphic communication; an 
account of the electric clock; Brett and Little's electric-tele- 
graphic converser; Bain's printing telegraph, etc. With illus- 
trative anecdotes. 84 pp. ill. 2 plates. i2mo. London, {1S47) 
Short descriptions of Ronald's telegraph, the printing telegraph, Bain's 
chemical telegraph, and the electric dock. 

1 124. Phipson, T(homas Lamb.) Manual of the various electro- 

magnetic telegraphs at present in use. 28 pp. ill. i2mo. 

London, {1847I) 
Brett's printing telegraph. 
— See also 1780. 

1125. Plana, G(iovanni Antonio Amedeo.) (i 781-1864.) Intorno alle 

formole atte a paragonare colla teoria le osservazioni fatte 
suir azione che le correnti terrestri esercitano sopra i condut- 
tori voltaici perfettamente mobili, nell' ipotesi che queste cor- 
renti fossero di figura circolare. (Giorn. Arcadico, 1847) 38 
pp. 8vo. Rome, 1847 

The magnetic action of the earth on a movable conductor conveying a 
current. 

X126. Sopra le formole matematiche atte a risolvere 1 problem! rela- 

tivi all'azione emanata dalle correnti voltaiche circolari. 55 
pp. I plate. 8vo. Rome, 1847 

Action of a circular current on an element of a rectilinear current of a 
mathematical paper. 

XZ27. Sopra una nuova serie d'esperimenti la forza motrice fra due 

sulla correnti voltaiche situate nel medesimo piano, per il caso 
in cui sono entrambe circolari, oppure una elittica e Taltra cir- 
colare. (Giorn. Arcadico, Vol. IIL, pp. 3-40) 8vo. Rome, 1847 

A mathematical paper. 

— See also 1084. 

1 128. Portwine, Edward. The steam-engine from the earliest to the 
present time, atmospheric railways, the electric printing tele- 
graph and screw propeller. Second edition. 144 pp. ill. i6mo. 

London, 1847 

nag. Regnauld, Jules (Antoine.) (1820-1895.) De la production de 
Telectricit^ dans les etres organises; de ses causes, de ses 
effets, des organes producteurs de r^lectricit6. 40 pp. 4ta 
(Thisc.) Paris, 1847 

Contribution to the theory of animal and vegetable electricity. 
— Sec also 1335, 2977, 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

ZZ30. Riess, (Peter Theophil.) (1804-1883.) Ueber die Influenzelek- 
tricitaet und die Theorie des Condensators. (Verb. Akad. 
Wiss. Matb.-Nat Kl. 1847, pp. 465-470) 8vo. Berlin, 1S47 

The theory of condensers. 
— See also 862. 

ZZ3Z. Romershausen, Elard. (1784-1857.) Die magneto-elektriscbe 
Rotationsmaschine und der Stablmagnet als Heilmittel, nebst 
einigen Bemerkungen ueber das Wesen und die Eigenschaf- 
ten der dabei wirksamen Naturkraefte und ihrer gegenseitigen 
dynamischen Reactionen. vi+42 pp. i plate. 8vo. Halle, 1847 
Description of • magneto-electric machine as a therapeutic apparatus. 

1x33. Rumford, (Benjamin Thompson) Count. Inventions, improve- 
ments, and practice of Benjamin Thompson in the combined 
character of colliery engineer and general manager; with some 
particulars relative to Watt's steam engine, viii+133 pp. 2 
plates. 8vo. Newcastle, 1847 

The distinguished author makes no use of the electric current In hii In- 
ventions. 

Z133. Stevenson, W. F. Most important errors in chemistry, elec- 
tricity, and magnetism, pointed out and refuted; and the 
phenomena of electricity and the polarity of the magnetic 
needle accounted for and explained. Second edition. 68 pp. 
8vo. London, 1847 

The "errors" dwelt on are that water is decomposable, that hydrogen is an 
elementary body, and that there are two kinds of electricity and magnetism. 

1134. Thomson, (Sir William) (Lord Kelvin). (1824-1907.) On cer- 
tain definite integrals suggested by problems in the theory of 
electricity. (Cambridge and Dublin Math. Journ., Vol. 2, pp. 
109-122.) 8vo. Cambridge, 1847 

The integral refers to the distribution of electricity on an infinite plane, 
subject to the influence of an electrified point 

1135. On the forces experienced by small spheres under mag- 
netic influence and on some of the phenomena presented by 
diamagnetic substances. (Cambridge and Dublin Math. 
Journ. Vol. 2, pp. 230-235) 8vo. Cambridge, 1847 

A mathematical paper. 

ZZ36. On a system of magnetic curves. (Cambridge and Dublin 

Math. Journ. Vol. 2, p. 240) 8vo. Cambridge, 1847 

Short mathematical paper giving the equation of a system of magnetic curves 
due to two small magnetic needles. 
— See also 1085. 

ZZ37. VaU, Alfred. (1807-1859.) American electro-magnetic telegraph; 
with the reports of Congress, and a description of all tele- 
graphs known, employing electricity or galvanism. 208 pp. 
ill. 8vo. Philadelphia, 1847 

Description of historical telegraphs with 81 illustrations; alao letters from 
Morse and Henry. The Morse code, p. sy. 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

xx37a. (French translation.) Le telegraphe 61ectro-magnetique 

Am^ricain avec le rapport du Congres et la description de tous 
les tel6graphes connus, ou sont mis en usage Telectricit^ et 
le magnetisme. Traduit par H(ypp) Vattemare. 263 pp. ill. 
8vo. Paris, 1847 

1137b. (Italian translation) Le meraviglie delle telegrafia elettri- 

ca ossia telegrafo elettro-magnetico-Americano. Opera di 
Alfr. Vail, tradotta dall' inglese in francese da Ipp. Vatte- 
mare e voltata in Italiano da Lorenzo Polettini. Con note ed 
aggiunte. viii+171 pp. 5 plates. 8vo. Verona, 1850 

— See also 1087. 

1138. Wartman, Elie (Frangois.) (1817-1886.) Troisieme m6moire 

sur divers phenom^nes d'induction (Bull. Acad. Sc, Belgique, 
Vol. 14, pp. 187-204) I plate. 8vo. Brussels, 1847 

The position of spectral lines unaffected by a magnetic field. 

1x383. Cinquieme memoire. Sur Tinduction. (Bull. Acad. Sc, Bel- 

gique, Vol. 15, pp. 268-276.) i plate. 8vo. Brussels, 1848 
The electric current is not due to a process of rectilinear propagation. 
— Sec also 1033. 

1139. Behr. Ueber elektrische Telegraphen. 19 pp. 4to. (Programm.) 

Konigsherg, 1848 
Some considerations about the electric current and its application to tele- 
graphy. 

1x40. Bird, Golding. (1814-1854.) Elements of natural philosophy; 
being an experimental introduction to the study of the phy- 
sical sciences. Third edition, liv+552 pp. ill. i2mo. 

London, 1848 
Elementary treatise for use of medical students. 
— See also 1153, 2719, 

114X. Drescher, L. Die elektromagnetische Telegraphie: oder leicht- 
fassliche und specielle Beschreibung der vorzueglichsten elek- 
tromagnetischen Telegraphen-Apparate und die Anwendung 
derselben in der Praxis. 38 pp. 4 plates. 4to. Cassel, 1848 

Equipment for electromagnetic telegraphy. 

ix4xa. Second edition. 38 pp. 4 plates. 4to. Cassel, 1849 

1142. Gregory, Olinthus (Gilbert). (1774-1841). Mathematics for prac- 
tical men : being a common-place book of pure and mixed mathe- 
matics, designed chiefly for the use of civil engineers, archi- 
tects and surveyors. Third edition, revised and enlarged by 
Henry Law. xx-f392 pp. -|-ii8 pp. (Appendix) 13 plates. 8vo. 

London, 1848 

Written for the use of architects and engineers. 
— See also 738. 

X143. Harris, (Sir) W(illiam) Snow. (1792-1867.) Rudimentary elec- 
tricity, being a concise exposition of the general principles 
of electrical science, and the purposes to which it has been 
applied. iv+i6o pp. ill. pi. i2mo. London, 1848 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

ii43aw<—— Third edition. vi+i95 pp. ill. pi. i2mo. London, 1853 

This edition contains many references to the (then) unpublished works of 
Cavendish; Ecles*s electrical theory, p. 43. 
— See also 801. 

iX44« Martin, William. (1801-1867.) Illustrated natural philosophy be- 
ing a manual of modern science for schools and families. Sixth 
edition.' x-l-314 pp. ill. i2mo. London, (1848) 

Three short chapters on the elements of magnetism and electricity. 

1145. Pohl, Georg Friedrich. (1788-1849.) Ueber das Wesen der 
Elektricitaet und Schwere. Offener Brief an H. W. Dove. 40 
pp. 8vo. Breslau, 1848 

Letter to Dr. Dove giving some views on the nature of electricity. 
— See also 825. 

XX46. Poppe, (Otto Heinrich) Adolph. (1813-1894.) Die Telegraphic 
von ihrem Ursprunge bis zur neuesten Zeit, mit besonderer 
Beruecksichtigung der ausgefuehrten telegraphischen Systeme. 
iv+7S PP- 8vo. Frankfort, 1848 

History and use of methods employed in mechanical and optical signaling. 

1x47. Rivot, (Louis Edmond) (1820-1869) and (Edouard) Phillippa 
(1821-1889.) Note sur la conductibilite electrique des princi- 
pales roches k de hautes temperatures. (Ann. Mines, Vol. 14, 
pp. 57-66) I plate. Svo. Paris, 1848 

Note on the part played by electricity in certain geological formations. 

XX48. Robinson, Th(omas) R(omney.) (1792-1882.) On the effect 
of heat in lessening the affinities of the elements of water. 
(Trans. Irish Acad. Vol. 21, pp. 297-310) 4to. Dublin, 1848 
—See also 1297, 1336, 3144* 

XX49. Ronalds, (Sir) Francis. (1788-1873.) Epitome of the electro- 
meteorological and magnetic observations, experiments, etc., 
made at the Kew observatory. 12 pp. 8vo. Chiswick, 1848 

Occasional notes on atmospheric electricity. 
— See also 803. 

xisa Thomson, (Sir) William (Lord Kelvin.) (1824-1907.) On the 
mathematical theory of electricity in equilibrium. (Cambridge 
and Dublin Math. Journ., Vol. 3, pp. 1 31-148+266-274; Vol. 4. 
pp. 276-284; Vol. 5, pp. 1-9.) 8vo. Dublin, 1848-1850 

Distribution of electricity on conducting surfaces; electric images. 
— See also 108$. 

XX5X. Handbook to the electric telegraph, being a treatise on the con- 
struction, nature and powers, of this instrument, with a full 
account of its origin and progress. Third edition. 30 pp. ill. 
i2mo. London, (1848) 

Popular account of the needle telegraph. 

115a. Barlow, Peter. (1776-1862.) Electro-magnetism. (Encyclopedia 
Metropolitana, 2nd ed. pp. i-40.) 5 plates. 4to. London, 1849 
Historical treatment of the subject. 
— See also 7*0. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

XX53. Bird, Golding. (1814-1854.) Lectures on electricity and gal- 
vanism, in their physiological and therapeutical relations de- 
livered at the Royal College of Physicians. Revised and ex- 
tended. xii-f2i2 pp. ill. i2mo. London, 1849 
Animal electricity; medical electric apparatus; action of electricity on the 
various tissues of the body. 
— See also 1140. 

1 154. Breguet, L(ouis Francois Clement) (1804-1883) and V. de S6re. 
Telegraphic electrique, son avenir, poste aux lettres electriques» 
journaux electriques, suivi d'un aper^u theorique de tele- 
graphic. 75 pp. 8vo. Paris, 184Q 
Telegraphic adminstration. 
— See also 1250, 1575, aSji. 

XX55. Deapretz, (Cesar Mansu^te.) (1792-1863.) Note sur la fusion 
et la volatilisation des corps. (Extract, Comptes rendus Acad. 
Sc. Vol. 28 & 29) 24 pp. 4to. Paris, 1849 

The volatilization of carbon and other refractory substances in the electric 
arc. 
— See also 903. 

1156. Fairbaim, Thomas. Truths and tubes on self-supporting prin- 

ciples; a few words in reply to the author of Highways and 
Dry-ways. 62 pp. i2mo. London, 1849 

Reply to Sir Francis Head's criticism on the Britannia Bridge, in his High- 
ways and Dryways. (See No. 2902.) 

1157. (Head, (Sir) Francis Bond.) (1793-1875.) Stokers and pokers; 

or The London and North-Western railway, the electric tele- 
graph and the railway clearing house. By the author of ''Bub- 
bles from the Brunnen of Nassau." 208 pp. i2mo. London, 1849 
Short chapter on the London-Slough telegraph. 
— See also 1745, 2902, 

XI58. Hobbs, J. S. Sailing directions for the Island and Banks of 
Newfoundland, with the coast of Labrador, from York Point 
to Sandwich Harbour, and from Chateaux Bay to Cape Whit- 
tle. Compiled from the surveys of Captains Bayfield and 
Cook, and Lieutenant Bullock. 88 pp. 8vo. London, 1849 

Geography of the Newfoundland coast. 

1159. Humboldt, Friedrich Heinrich Alexander, von. (1769-1859.) Cos- 
mos: sketch of a physical description of the universe, trans- 
lated under the superintendence of Edward Sabine. Seventh 
edition. 4 vols. i2mo. London, 1849-1858 

Celebrated work containing the history and physics of several electric and 
magnetic inventions and discoveries with copious notes by the editor. 
— See also 616. 

X160. Krecke, F(riedrich) W(ilhelm) C(hristian.) (1812-1882.) De- 
scription de Tobservatoire met6orologique et magn^tique a 
Utrecht. 56 pp. 2 plates. 8vo. Utrecht, 1849 

Description of instruments including one for recording the variations of 
magnetic declination. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

zx6z. Moigno, F(rangois Napoleon Marie.) (1804-1884.) Trait6 de 
t^l^graphie 61ectrique, reinfermant son histoire, sa th^orie et 
la description des appareils, avec les deux memoires de M. 
Wheatstone sur la vitesse et la determination des courants 
d'61ectricit6, et un memoire inedit d' Ampere sur la th^orie 
^lectro-chimique. xxiv+420 pp. 16 plates. 8vo. Paris, 1849 

One of the early manuals of telegraphy containing theory, practise, and 
history. Abb^ Moigno was eminent as mathematician and physicist. (See 
No. 2910.) 

ii6ia. Traite de telegraphic electrique, comprenant son histoire, 

sa th6one, ses appareils, sa pratique, son avenir, sa legislatior\; 
precede d'un expos6 de la telegraphic en general et de la tele- 
graphic ancienne du jour et de nuit. 2 i^me edition, entiere- 
ment refondue ct compl6t6e. 2 vols. — ^Text and atlas — ^22 
plates. 8vo. Paris, 1852 

Two errors may be noted: i) the date of Coxe's apparatus is i8z6 not 1810: 
a) the needles in Baron Schilling's telegraph were horizontal not vertical. 
— See also 3310. 

ii6a. Murray, (Sir) James. (1788-1871.) Electricity, as a cause of 
cholera, or other epidemics, and the relation of galvanism to 
the action remedies. 160 pp. i2mo. Dublin, 1849 

Chapter on the earth as a magnet. 

1163. Petrina, Franz (Adam.) (1799-1855.) Einfluss der Entfernung 
des Polardrahtes von der Magnetnadel auf das Maximum ihrer 
Ablenkung. (Sitz. Ber. Akad. Wiss. Math.-Nat. Kl. Jahrg. 
1849, pp. 165-168) 8vo. Vienna, 1849 

Deflection and oscillations of a magnet by a current in a neighboring con- 
ductor. (Autograph copy, dedicated to Prof. Joh. Mueller). 
— See also 1066. 

ii6d^ Pluecker, J(ulius.) (1801-1868.) Enumeratio novorum phe- 
nomenorum de magnetismo inventorum. 28 pp. i plate. 4to. 
(Program.) Bonn, 1849 

Diamagnetic phenomena and magne*crystallic behavior of certain crystalline 

substances. 

— See also 1395, 2888. 

1 165. Smee, Alfred. (1818-1877.) Elements of electro-biology; or the 

voltaic mechanism of man; of electro-pathology and especially 
of the nervous system and of electro-therapeutics, xii+164 pp. 
2 tables. 8vo. London, 184Q 

1165a. Principles of the human mind deduced from physical laws, 

being a sequel to elements of electro-biology; together with 
the lecture on the voltaic mechanism of man, delivered at the 
London Institution, April 11, 1849. xvi+i6 pp. ill. 8vo. 

London, 1849 
^-See also 1006. 

1166. Steinheil, K(arl) A(ugust.) (1801-1870,) Beschreibung und 

Vergleichung der galvanischen Telegraphen Deutschlands 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

nach Besichtigung im April, 1S49. (Abh. Bayer. Akad. Wiss. 
Math.-Nat Kl. Vol. 3» Abt III., pp. 779-840) 8vo. 

Munichf 2849 

German telegraph linea with niggeftioiu for improvements. 
^See alao 947. 

1x67. Adrian!, A. Verhandeling over gutta percha en caout- 
chouc en derzelver verhouding tot onderscheidene agentia. 75 
pp. 8vo. Utrecht, iSy) 

Teats to distinguish gntta percha from caontchoue. 
xz68. Burnett* C(harle8) M(ountford.) (1807-1866.) Philosophy of 
spirits in relation to matter. XX4-312 pp. 8vo. London, i8fi> 
Work of pure imagination. 

1x69. Clark, Edwin. (1814-1894.) The Britannia and Conway tubular 
bridges with general inquiries on beams and on the proper- 
ties of materials used in construction, published with the sanc- 
tion and under the immediate supervision of Robert Stephen- 
son. 2 vols. Atlas in folio. ilL 18 plates. 8vo. London, 1850 
Mr. Edwin Clark was the resident engineer in charge of the construction 
and for a time had his younger brother Josiah Latimer Qark with him as 
assistant engineer. (See Nos. S897, 41 19.) 
— See also 2069, 2973. 

xxya Comstock, John Lee (1789-1858) & R. D. Holbyn. First book 
of heat, light, and optics, and electricity. 128 pp. i6mo. (Scotf s 
first books in science.) London, {1850I) 

Three chapters condensed from the author's Manual of Natural PhUosophy, 
— See also 1485. 

XX7X. Comelhia, Karl Sebastian. (1820-1896.) De fluido electrico in 
rerum natura statuendo. 15 pp. 8vo. HalU, i8so 

Views of Franklin, Symmer and Faraday discussed. 

XX73. Du Boia-Rejrmond, £(mil) Heinrich.) (1818-1896.) Sur les 
m6moires relatifs aux ph6nomenes electrophysiologiques. (Ex- 
tract, Comptes rendus, Acad. Sc. Vol. 31, 1850) 20 pp. 4to. 

Paris, 1850 
R^um< of work done in electro-physiology with special reference to that 
of the author. 
— See also 1202, 1222, 1254^ is8o, i$i6, 1541, 1769, 1903. 

1x73. Felici, R(iccardo.) Sulle polarita galvaniche secondarie e suir 
influenza del calore della corrente elettrica nei liquidi. (Ann. 
Univ., Toscana Sc. Cosm. Vol. 2, pp. 173-186) 4to. Pisa, i8so 
The e. m. f. of polarization and effect of heat on the conductivity of liquids. 
— See also 1S83, 1797. 

XX74. Francis G(eorge) William. (1800-1865.) Electrical experi- 
ments; illustrating the theory, practice, and application of the 
science of free or frictional electricity. Fifth edition. 91 pp. 
ill 8vo. London, 1830 

Numerous entertaining eacperiments in frictional electricity; iUustratiaas 
of historical machines. The author was a popular lecturer on natural philoso- 
phy. 



1—23 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

tt75. Proriep, Robert (1804-1861.) On the therapeutic application of 
electro-magnetism in the treatment of rheumatic and para- 
lytic affections; translated from the German by R. M. Law- 
rence. 205 pp. 8vo. London, 1850 

1x76. Galton» Francis. The telotype; a printing electric telegraph. 
32 pp. 4 plates. 8vo. London, 1850 

Messages printed in the ordinary alphabetical characters; manuscript letter 
of the author. 

XZ77. Ghiti, Lorenzo Agostino. Telegrafia elettrica, ossia descrizione 
dei telegrafi elettro-magnetici, loro modo di agire e loro ap- 
plicazione agli usi sociali. Second edition, enlarged and cor- 
rected. 76 pp. 2 plates. 8yo. Milan, 1830 
Paper of general information on telegraphy. 

1x78. Grieb, Chr(istoph.) Fr{ie4rich.) Die Wunder der elektrischen 
Telegraphic; eine gemeinverstaendliche Geschichte und Be- 
schreibung derselben, nebst Andeutungen ueber ihre zukuenf- 
tige Wirkung. 208 pp. 2 plates. i6mo. Stuttgart, 1850 

Some of the wonders of the electric telegraph briefly described. 

XZ79. Gundolf. Ueber elektromagnetische Telegraphic. 24 pp. 4to. 
(Jahresbericht, Gymnasium Theodorianum.) Paderbom, 1850 
The electro-magnetic dial telegraph. 

xx8o. Harris, (Sir) William Snow. (1792-1867.) Rudimentary mag- 
netism: being a concise exposition of the general principles 
of magnetical science. 3 parts, ill. i2mo. London, i8sO'i8s^ 
The author's compass is described p. 149. 

xxSoa. Second edition revised and enlarged by Henry M. Noad. 

viii+412 pp. ill. i2mo. (Weale's Rudimentary Series, No. 8.) 

London, 1872 
—See also 801. 

xi8x. Mackrell, G., J. W. Gann and Thomas Pollock. On the action 
upon the galvanometer by arrangements of coloured liquids 
ill a U tube. 50 pp. 8vo. London, 1850 

Observations on electric induction and the electric state of the atmosphere. 
— See also 870. 

XX82. Mari6-Davy, (Edme Hippolyte). (1820-1893.) M6moire (L, II., 
& III.) sur I'electricit^. (Mem. Acad. Sc, Montpellier, 1847- 
1850, pp. 13-159) 4to. Montpellier, 1850 

Three short memoirs on the voltaic battery and Ohm's law. 
— See also 1525, 3302. 

XX83. Maus, (Jean Marie) Henrie and Pierre Paleocapa. (1789-1867.) 
Rapport sur les etudes du chemin de fer de Chambery i Turin 
et de la machine proposee pour executer le tunnel des Alpes 
^ntre Modane et Bardonneche et Rapport r6dig6, au nom de 
la commission charg6e de Texamen de ces Etudes, par M. le 
chevalier Pierre Paleocapa, suivi des Proc^s-verbaux des 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

stances de cette commission. 56 pp. 9 plates and maps. 
Folio. Turin, 1850 

This engineering report is followed by maps of the country and places of 
the proposed railway route from Chambery to Turin. 

1x84. Oersted, Hans Christian. (1770-1851.) Gesammelte Schriften, 
deutsch von K. L. Kannegiesser. 6 vols. pis. portr. 8vo. 

Leipzig, {1850-1851) 
Views concerning matter and spirit; sound, astronomy, sympathy, preceded 
by a biographical notice. 

1 185. Der Geist in der Natur. Deutsch von K. L. Kannegiesser 

nebst einer biographischen Skizze von P. L. Moeller. xxxii+ 
200 pp. 8vo. Leipzig, 1850 

Biographical notice of Oersted followed by some of his views on nature and 
superstitions. 

iiSs-j-a.— — (English translation.) Soul in nature with supplementary 
contributions. Translated from the original German edition 
by L(e9nora) and J(oanna) B. Horner, xlv+465 pp. portr. 
i2mo. (Bohn's Scientific library.) London, 1852 

X186. Die Naturwissenschaft in ihrem Verhaeltniss zur Dichtkunst 

und Religion. xvi-J-71 pp. 8vo. Leipzig, 1850 

Some of the author's views on religion. 
— See also 773, 

1 187. Quetelet, (Lambert) A(dolphe Jacques.) (1796-1874.) Resum6 

des observations sur la meteorologie et sur le magn6tisme ter- 
restre. (Observatoire R. de Bruxelles) 76 pp. 4to. 

Brussels, 1850 
General meteorological data for Belgium, (Autograph copy). 
— See also 968. 

1 188. Reichenbach, Karl (Ludwig Friedrich von.) (1788-1869.) Re- 

searches on magnetism, electricity, heat, crystallization, and 
chemical attraction, in their relation to the vital force. Trans- 
lated and edited by the express desire of the author with a pre- 
face, notes and appendix by William Gregory. Parts I & II. 
(No more published) xlv-l-463 pp. ill. 3 plates. 8vo. 

London, 1850 
Instances of persons who seemed to the author to be affected by a strong 
magnetic field. 
— See also 1104. 

1x89. Secchi, A(ngelo). (1818-1878.) SuUo stato attuale delle tele- 
grafia. Relazione. (Ann. Sc. Math. Fis. Vol. I, pp. 23-41.) 8vo. 

Rome, 1850 
The three telegraph systems used in America; the author was the distin- 
guished Jesuit astronomer. 
— See also 1240, 3147* 

1 190. Sturgeon, William. (1783-1850.) Scientific researches, experi- 
mental and theoretical, in electricity, magnetism, galvanism, 

.147 



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1184. OERSTED. iSee No. 4377.) 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

electro-magnetism and electro-chemistry. v'm+s^S PP. ip 
plates. 4to. London, {1850) 

This quarto volume contains the author's deseriiytion of his discoveries of 
the soft-iron electro-magnet (bar and horse-shoe.) his electro-magnetic engine, 
commutator amalgamated zinc plates, study of atmospheric electricity by 
means of kites, fracture of Leyden jars, etc., the whole preceded by a 
history of electro-magnetism carried down to 1833 and followed by 19 
plates of illustrations. 
— See also 925. 
119X. Szapary, (Franz.) Magnetismus von 1850. I. Grundton (zur 
Harmonic der Wissenschaften). II. Aries. 152-f 120 pp. 1. 
8vo. Grats, 1850 

A miscellany with an article on "magnetic colloquidng." 
1 192. Walker, A (dam.) (1731-1821.) Analysis of a course of lectures 
on natural and experimental philosophy. Fourth edition. 90 
pp. 8vo. {London, 1850) 

Short lecture on electricity: "Many experiments tend to prove the electrical 
fluid to be elementary phlogiston", p. 60. 
— See also 618. 
X193. Wilmot, Arthur Parry Eardley. Complete and universal dic- 
tionary of signals for the boats of Her Majesty's fleet, well 
adapted for yachts, the merchants service, etc.; containing a 
variety of new and simple modes of signaling. 24 L-fxxiv-f 181 
pp. ill. 24 plates. i6mo. London, 1850 

Flags, balls, and semaphores used in the British navy. 

1193a. Second edition, 24 l.-{-xxiv-f-28 pp. ill. 24 plates. i8mo. 

London, 1851 
iX94« Alexander^ William. Plan and description of the original elec- 
tro-magnetic telegraph, with prefatory note to the Royal 
Commissioners, 30 pp. i plate. 8vo. 

London, & Edinburgh^ 1851 
Letters written in 1837 by Lord John Russell relating to the author's proposal 
to establish telegraphic communication between Edinburgh and London by 
underground conductors; description of apparatus. 

1 195. Amberger, (Frangois Joseph Jerome) Nicklds (1820-1869) and 
Cassal. Application de Telectro-magn^tisme dans la locomo- 
tion sur chemins de fer et dans les transmissions de mouve- 
ment. (Extract, Revue Scient. et industr. Ser. iii., Vol. 9.) 
8 pp. 8vo. Paris, 1851 

Note on the application of electro-magnets to traction. 
— See also 1265. 

ZI96. Billet, (Felix.) (1808-1882.) Des condensations ^lectriques de 
deuxi^me et de troisieme esp^ce. (M6m. Acad. Sc, Dijon, 
1851, pp. 66-72.) 8vo. Dijon, 1851 

Experiments with plate condensers. 
— See also 2928. 

X197. Brewster, (Sir) David. (1781-1868.) Popular treatise on mag- 
netism from the Seventh edition of the Encyclopaedia Britan- 
nica. 363 pp. ilL map. 8vo. Edinburgh, 1851 

Written for the seventh edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica. The ehap- 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

ten on terrestrial magnetiBm and magnetic instruments are of special inter- 
est The volume contains Prof. Barlow's magnetic chart of lines of equal 
declination with position of magnetic pole as deduced from observations of 
Commander Ross. Zantedeschi's observations on the action of light on a 
magnet, p. 49. 
— See also 131 5, 2995. 

X198. finicky (Nicolas) R(ene.) Electricity ou magnetisme du globe 
tcrrestre. 3 vols. 4 charts. 8vo. Brussels, iSsi-iSs^ 

Analysis and discussion of observations of terrestrial magnetism. 

1199. Buff, Heinrich. (1805-1878.) Familiar letters on the physics of 
the earth treating of the chief movements of the land, the 
waters, and the air, and the forces that give rise to them; edi- 
ted by A. W. Hofmann. xiii+273 pp. i2mo. London, 1851 

The last letter treats of atmospheric electricity and lightning. 
— See also 1009. 

X200. Chalmers, Charles. Thoughts on electricity with notes of ex- 
periments. Third edition. 57 pp. ill. 2 plates. Svo. 

Edinburgh, i8$i 
These thoughts refer chiefly to the electric decomposition of water, and 
potash. 
— See also 1350, 1413. 

xaox. Doda, John Bovee. Philosophy of electrical psychology. 252 pp. 
i2mo. New York, 1851 

Contains a wide range of subjects; "electric psychology" is considered to 
be the most sublime system of philosophy. 

1202. Du Bois-Reymond, (Emil Heinrich). (1818-1896.) Unter- 

suchungen ueber thierische Elektricitaet. (Moleschott, Un- 
tersuchungen, Vol. II., pp. 137-157+247-284.) Svo. 

Frankfort, 1851 
Extensive research on animal electricity. 
— See also 117a. 

1203. Gerke, Fr. Clemens. Der praktische Telegraphist oder die clck- 

tro-magnetische Telegraphic. 144 pp. ill. Svo. Hamburg, 1851 
Telegraphic apparatus and mode of working explained. 

1204. Hitchcock^ Edward. (1793-1867.) Religion of geology and its 

connected sciences. 40S pp. i plate. i2mo. Glasgow, (1851) 
Fourteen lectures on religio-scientific matters. 

1205. Hunt, Robert (1807-18S7.) Elementary physics, an introduc- 

tion to the study of natural philosophy, vi+486 pp. ill. i plate. 
i2mo. London, 1851 

General description of electric and magnetic phenomena. 
— See also 1099. 

1206. Lallemand, (Etienne) A(lexander.) (1S16-1886.) fitude des lois 

de rinduction i Taide de la balance electro-dynamique. 54 pp. 
4to. (Th^se.) Paris, 1851 

Experimental study of the action of induced currents of different orders 
on each other and on the primary. 

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1307. Laming, Richard. Matter and force, an analytical and synthe- 
tical essay on physical causation; their nature and laws analy- 
tically derived and synthetically applied: a new system 
founded upon the gravitation of electricity and proving the 
universe to be sustained by a moral power. With an essay on 
the philosophy of physical science. 114 pp. 5 plates. 8vo. 

London, 1831 
Metaphysical dissertation on the nature of matter and force. 
— See also 961, 

iao8. Lamont, (Johann) von. (1805--1879.) Astronomic und Erdmag- 
netismus. (From Neue Encyclopedic der Wissenschaften und 
Kuenste. )viii+289 pp. 5 plates. 8vo Stuttgart, 1851 

Sketch of terrestrial-magnetism; history and theory. 
— See also 1049. 

1209. Locke» John. (1792-1856.) Observations on terrestrial mag- 
netism. 29 pp. 4to. Washington, 18 51 
The observations were made in 1845 and the two following years to deter- 
mine the declination, dip and total force in several parts of the United 
States. 

12 ID. Magnus, (Heinrich) G(ustav.) (1802-1870.) Ueber thermoelek- 
trische Stroeme. (Abh. Akad. Wiss. [Phys.] 1851, pp. 1-32.) 
I plate. 4to. Berlin, 1851 

Important contribution to our knowledge of thermo-electricity. 
— See also 3065. 

1211. Mayer, J(ulius) R(obert). (1814-1878.) Bemerkungen ueber das 

mechanische Aequivalent der Waerme. 56 pp. 8vo. 

Heilbronn, 1851 
This is the author's celebrated paper on the mechanical equivalent of heat. 

121 2. Napier» James. (1810-1884.) Manual of electro-metallurgy in- 

cluding the application of the art to manufacturing processes. 
xii4-i42 pp. ill. 8vo. (Encyclopaedia Metropolitana, Vol. 14.) 

London, 1851 

Practical book based on personal experience. 

X2i2-f-bi8. Reid, D(avid) B(oswell) (1805-1863) and Alexander Bain 
(1818-1877). Elements of Chemistry and Electricity. In two 
parts. Edited by D. M. Reese. 410 pp., plates. i2mo. 
(Chamber's Educational Course, No. 4. ) New York, 1851 

American re-edited edition. The portion treating of electricity (by Bain, 
who on the title page is described as "the inventor of the electric clock") 
occupies pp. 225-364, with separate illustrations on pp. 403*410. The volume 
is designed to introduce the teaching of science as an elementary branch of 
education "in all schools and academies." 
— See also 995. 

1 213. Rutter» J. O. N. Magnetoid currents, their forces and direc- 

tions with a description of the magnetoscope. To which is 
subjoined a letter from William King (on the same subject). 
47 pp. 4to . London, 1851 

The human body in contact with the earth "becomes a real magnet, snr- 
rounded by a magnetic aura and possessing magnetic polarities,*' p. 43. 
— See also 1299. 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

Z214. Siemens, (Ernst) . Werner. (1816-1892.) Kurze Darstellung 
der an den preussischen Telegraphen-Linien mit unterirdi- 
schen Leitungen bis jetzt gemachten Erfahrungen. 31 pp. 
8vo. Berlin, 1851 

The use of underground conductors. 

iai5. M^moire sur la t61^graphie ^lectrique suivi du rapport fait 

sur ce m^moire i rAcademxe des Sciences de Paris dans sa 
s6ance du 29 Avril, 1850. (Extract, Ann. Chim. Phys. Ser. Ill, 
Vol. 29, pp. 385-430, & Comptes rendus Acad. Sc. Paris, Vol. 
31.) 64 pp. 8vo. Berlin, 1851 

This memoir contains a chapter on the telegraphic drcnlt and another on 
some electric apparatus devised by the author. 
— See also 1502, 1655, 1700, 1934, 1956, aoos* 3196* 3a6o, S2Sg, 

1216. Smee, Alfred. (1818-1877.) Lecture on electro-metallurgy. 23 
pp. ill. 8vo. London, 1851 

The Smee cell. 
— See also 1006. 

i3X7« Book of the telegraph. 44 pp. ill. i2mo. Boston, 1851 

History and description of the electric telegraph. 

13x8. Allen, Z(achariah). (1795-1882.) Philosophy of the mechanics 
of nature, and the source and modes of action of natural 
motive-power, xvi-f-797 pp. ill. 8vo. New York, i8s^ 

Diffuse treatment of general electric and magnetic phenomena. 

xaig. Archer, Charles Maybury. Guide to the electric telegraph 
showing the every-day practical utilities with a scale of 
charges for messages, list of communication-stations, etc., 
with illustrative map of the entire network of telegraphic 
communication in Great Britain. 62 pp. i map. i6mo. 

London, 1852 

Collection of anecdotes relating to the early days of the electric telegraph; 
map of England showing the lines and stations of the Electric Telegraph 
Company, 185a. (See No. 39330 
—See also izii. 

xaaa Bain, Alexander. (1818-1877.) Short history of electric clocks, 
with explanations of their principles and mechanism, and 
instructions for their management and regulation. 31 pp. 
ill. 8vo. London, 1852 

Paper of general information on electric clocks. 
— See also 995. 

X22X. Beetz, W(ilhelm) von. (1822-1886.) Ueber Magnetismus. £in 
Vortrag, gehalten im Wissenschaftlichen Verein, 13. Maerz 
1852. 28 pp. 8vo. Berlin, 1852 

Historical notes on the compass; Faraday's researches on diamagnetism; 
polar aurorae. 
— See also 2065, 3491* 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

1232. Du Boia-Reymondy Emil (Heinrich). •(1818-1896.) On animal 
electricity. Edited by H. B. Jones, xiii-l-214 pp. ill. i2mo. 

London, 1852 
Experiments made by the eminent physiologist to show the action of electric 
currents upon the nerves and muscles of the animal system. (See No. 1354.) 
— See also 117a. 

1223. Du Moncel, Th(eodose Achille Louis). (1821-1884.) Des Electro- 

moteurs. Second edition. 60 pp. 8vo. Paris, 1852 

General considerations on the electro-magnet and its application to produce 

continuous rotation. 
1224.^ — Discours d'ouverture. Magn^tisme statique et magn6tisme 

dynamique. (Mem. Soc. Sc. Cherbourg, Vol. I, pp. 1-72.) 8vo. 

Cherbourg, 1852 

Some general phenomena of electro-dynamics considered in the light of the 

two-fluid theory. 

—See also 125s, 1281, 1351, 1387, I4i5f MS*, i486, 1594, 1740, 1796, 1863, 

1904, I973f 2023, 2073, 2137, 2277> 23x3, 3343> 

1225. Forsach, J. A. Katechismus der elektrischen Telegraphic, x-f 
58 pp. ill. i2mo. Leipsig, 1852 

A telegraph primer. 

X226. Garvey, Michael Angelo. (?-i877.) The silent resolution or 
the future effects of steam and electricity upon the condition 
of mankind. xii4-2i2 pp. i2mo. London, 1852 

Some careful writing about the wonders of electricity. 

X227. Gclder, P. J. M. de. Beschrijving van den electro-magnetischen 
druckotelegraph van Morse. 70 pp. 4 plates. i2mo. 

Leyden, 1852 
Description of Morse's telegraph. 
1220. Glaiaher, James. (1809-1903.) Philosophical instruments and 
processes as represented in the Great Exhibition. (From 
Lectures on the results of the exhibition delivered before the 
Society of Arts.) Lecture IX, pp. 323-402. i2mo. 

London, 1852 

Remarks on the scientific instruments shown at the London ExfalbitiQn, 1851. 

1229. Haldat, du Ljrs, (Charles Nicolas Alexandre) de. (1770-1852.) 

Exposition de la doctrine magn6tique, ou, Trait^ philoso- 
phique, historique et critique du magn6tisme. viii4-320 pp. 
4 plates. 8vo. Nancy, 1852 

Philosophical treatise on the nature of magnetic phenomena. 

— See also 979. 

1230. Harris, (Sir) William Snow. (1792-1867.) Record of philo- 

sophical papers and other scientific works. 7 pp. 8vo. 

Plymouth, (1852}) 
List of the author's scientific papers. 
—See also Soi. 

1231. Highton, Edward. Electric telegraph, its history and progress. 

xii+179 pp. ill. i2mo. London, 1852 

Historical electric telegraphs; also electric clocks and regulators of time. 
— See also 1098. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

123a. Jones, Alexander. Historical sketch of the electric telegraph; 
including its rise and progress in the United States. xiiiH-i94 
pp. ill. 8vo. New York, 1852 

Chronology of electric telegraphy and brief account of methods and appara- 
tus used; determination of longitude, communication of time. 

2933. Kneller, C. Die elektrischen Telegraphen. 62 pp. ill. i2mo. 

Stuttgart, 1852 
General account of various telegraph systems. 

Z334. Knochenhauer, K(arl) W(ilhelm). (1805-1875.) Versuche uebcr 
die elektrische Induktion. (Arch. Math. Phys., Vol. 19, pp. 
53-69+97-118.) I plate. 8vo. Greifswald, 1853 

Experiments on inductive effects due to Leyden jar discharges. 
—Sec also 1285, 1363, 1549, 3457. 

1235. Kreil, Karl. (1798-1862.) Einfluss dcs Mondes auf die magne- 

tische Declination. (Denkschriften Akad. Wiss. Math.-Nat. 

Kl., Vol. 3, pp. 1-47.) 4to. Vienna, 183J 

Influence of heavenly bodies on magnetic declination. 
— See also 1262, 3003. 

1236. Lardner, Dionjrsius. (1793-1859.) The great exhibition in 

London in 185 1. xxviii+630 pp. 8vo. London, 1833 

Popularly written artidet on the telegraph, lightning-conductors. 
1237. Popular essays on scientific subjects comprising steam, arti- 
ficial light, photography, etc., to which are added various es- 
says on industrial subjects by Baron C. Dupin, M. Chevalier, 
T. Lamoine and Hector Berlioz. xxviii-f630 pp. ill. 8vo. 

London, 1852 
This miscellanea contains popularly written chapters on electrical matters, 
Froment's engine, Foucault'a pendulum etc. 
—See also 876. 

1238. Liaia, Emmanuel. (i826?-i900.) Sur la substitution des electro- 

moteurs aux machines i vapeur, et description d*un ^lectro- 
moteur d'une grande puissance et d'une horloge electromag- 
netique k force r^gulatrice rigoureusement constante. 24 pp. 
8vo. Paris, 1852 

Argument for substituting electric for steam motors. 

1239. Pacini, Filippo. (18 12-1883.) Sulla struttura intima dell' organo 

elettrico del gimnoto e di altri pesci elettrici, sulle condizioni 
elettro-motrici di questi organi, e loro comparazione a diverse 
pile elettriche. Letta nel di 19 settembre 1852. (Reprinted 
from Gazz. med. Ital, feder. tosc, Firence 1852.) 35 pp. ill. 
8vo. Florence, 1852 

The electric organ of the gymnotus with numerous illustrations. 

1240. Secchi, A(ngelo). (1818-1878.) Researches on electrical rheo- 

metry. (Smithsonian Contributions to Knowledge.) 59 pp. 
3 plates. 4to. Washington, 1852 

Action of a current on a magnetic needle, wherever placed. 
— See also 1189. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

1241. Eijk, J (an) A(driaan) van. Het St. Elmus vttur. (Album der 
Natur, 1852, Aflev. 8, pp. 251-256.) 8vo. Harlem, 1852 

Note on "St. Elmos fircB*'; origin of the same. (Autograph copy). 

xa4a. Weber, Wilhelm (Eduard). (1804-1891.) Elektrodynamische 

Maasbestimmungen, insbesondere ueber Diamagnetismus. 

(Abh. Saechs. Ges. Wiss., Vol. i, pp. 485-577.) tabl. 4to. 

Leipsig, 1852 

The author's celebrated researches on diamagnetism. 
1243. Elektrodynamische Maasbestimmungen, insbesondere Wider- 

standsmessungen. (Abh. Saechs. Ges. Wiss., Vol. i, pp. 199- 

382.) 4to. Leipssig, 1852 

Determination of resbtance in absolute measure. 

— See also iixo. 

1244. Wilson, George. (1818-1859.) Electricity and the electric 

telegraph; together with the chemistry of the stars; an argu- 
ment touching the stars and their inhabitants. 77+5^ pp. ill. 
i2mo. London, 1852 

Brief history of electrical discovery followed by description of the essentials 
of the electric telegraph; florid style. 
-^See also 1473, 2S55. 

1245. Abria, (Jeremia Joseph Benoit). (1811-1892.) Rapport sur 

r^loge de M. de Romas. (Actes Acad. Sc. Bordeaux, 1853, 
pp. 441-446.) 8vo. Bordeaux, 1853 

The author concedes to Franklin the discovery of the effects of points, but 
claims for M. de Romas the prior use of the kite for the electrical explora- 
tion of the atmosphere; impugns the authority of Priestley. 
— See also 2774- 

1248. Assezat, J(ules) (1832-1876) and H. Debuire. Magn6tisme et 
credulit6. 14 pp. 8vo. Paris, 1853 

The authors try to show the possibility of table-turning by personal elee- 
trTcity. 

xa49. Bakewell, F(rederick) C(olier). Electric science; its history, 
phenomena and applications. 199 pp. ill. 4 plates. 8vo. 

London, 1853 
The history of electricity is told in forty pages and its applications in as 
many more. 

12498. Manual of electricity, practical and theoretical. Third edi- 
tion. viii-l-314 pp. ill. i2mo. London, 1859 

Elementary manual of electricity, its history theory and application. 
— See also 5005. 

X25a Breguet, L(ouis Frangois Clement). (1804-1883.) Manuel de 
la t616graphie 61ectrique. Seconde edition. 106 pp. ill. 2 plates. 
i2mo. Paris, 1853 

Detailed description of the electro-magnetic dial telegraph as constructed by 
the author. 

1250a. ^Troisi^me Edition 107 pp. i2mo. Paris, 1856 

— See also Z154. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

1251. De la Rive, Aug(uste Arthur). (1801-1873.) Treatise on elec- 

tricity in theory and practise. Translated by C(harles) 
V(incent) Walker. 3 vols. ill. 8vo. London, 1853-1858 

Comprehensive work on electricity and magnetitm. For a long period, the 
only systematic practical treatise on the subject (See No. 3076.) 
—See also 8i8. 

1252. Dering, G(eorge) £(ward). Magnetism, a sketch of the history and 

principles of the science and its applications, including the 
mariner's compass and electric telegraph. 35 pp. i2mo. 

Hertford, 1853 
Outlines of magnetic discovery; history of the compass; remarks on P§tr%s 
Peregrinus. (See No. 46.) . 
— See also 5026. 

1253. Dub, (Christoph) Julius. (1817-1873.) Die Gesetze des Elek- 

tromagnetismus im weichen Eisen. 31 pp. 4to. (Programm.) 

Berlin, 1833 
Magnetism dereloped in soft iron by the electric current. 
— See also 15 15, 1540. 

2254. Dn Bois-Reymond, Emil (Heinrich). (1818-1896.) On Signor 
Carlo Matteucci's letter to H. Bence Jones, editor of an ab- 
stract of Dr. Du Bois-Reymond's Researches in animal elec- 
tricity. 41 pp. ill. 8vo. London, 1853 
Controversial paper on the nature of the frog-current. (See No. laaa.) 
— See also 117a. 

Z255. Du Moncel, Th(6odose Achille Louis). (1821-1884.) Conside- 
rations nouvelles sur Telectro-magnetisme et ses applications 
aux 61ectro-moteurs et i Tan^mographie 61ectrique. 154 pp. 
ill. I plate. 8vo. Paris, 1853 

The first pamphlet of 33 pages treats of electro-magnets and how they 
may be used in the construction of motors; the second of 40 pages treats 
of winds and mechanisms for recording their direction and velocity; tlie 
third of 70 pages treats of the mutual action of currents and magnets. 
— ^See also 1223. 

1256. Gintl, Wilhelm (Friedrich). Dcr elektro-chemische Schreib- 
Apparat fuer den Telegraphen-Betrieb in Oesterreich. (Sitz. 
Ber. Akad. Wiss. Math.-Nat Kl. 1853, PP. 616-626.) 8vo. 

Vienna, 1853 
Electro-chemical writing-telegraph devised by the author, an Austrian elec- 
trician of note. 
— See also 1284. 

Z257. Gloesener, Michael. (1794-1876.) Recherches sur la t616graphie 
61ectrique. 124 pp. 12 plates. 8vo. Li^ge, 1853 

Summary of the author's researches on various systems of electric tel- 
egraphs; also discussion of some problems in telegraphy. 

Z258. ^Tcl^graphe i aiguille perfectionnd. (Mem. Soc. Sc. Li^ge, 

Vol. 8, pp. I4S-2S9+6S4--662.) i plate. 8vo. Li^ge, 1853 

The author describes the improvements which he made in telegraphic appa- 
ratus. (Autograph copy, dedicated to Dr. C. Jelinek.) 
»-See also 1095. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

1359. Helmholtz, H(ermann Ludwigr Ferdinand). (1821-1894.) On 
the conservation of force. (Translation.) (Taylor's Scient 
Memoirs, 1853, pp. 1 14-162.) 8vo. London, 1853 

Pap«r of fundamental importance; physical and mathematical treatment of 
the subject. 
— See also 1803, i83^t z868» J03X, JX96, aa3a. 

1260. Hogg» Jabez. (1817-1899.) Elements of experimental and 

natural philosophy, being a familiar and easy introduction to 
the study of the physical sciences, iv+357 pp. ill. 8vo. 

London, 1853 
Remarks on Galvani's experiments. 

1261. (Russell, Robert W.) History of the invention of the electric 

telegraph; abridged from the works of Laurence TurnbuU and 
Edward Highton, with remarks on R. E. House's American 
printing telegraph and the claims of S. F. B. Morse, as an 
inventor. 130+x pp. i2mo. New York, 1853 

Dr. Turnbull traced the history of the various kinds of electric telegraphs 
in the lectures on the electro-magnetic telegraph, which he published in 1852. 
(See No. 1271.) 

1262. Kreil, Karl. (1798-1862.) Einfluss des Mondes auf die hori- 

zontale Componente der magnetischen Erdkraft. (Denk- 
schriften Akad. Wiss. Math.-Nat. Kl, Vol. 5, pp. 35-90.) 4to. 

Vienna, 1853 
Tabulated observations of the moon's influence on the horizontal component 
of the earth's magnetic force. 
— See also 1235. 

1263. Lawrence, Richard Moore. On the application and effect of 

electricity and galvanism in the treatment of cancerous, 
nervous, rheumatic and other affections, vii-f-ioi pp. 8vo. 

London, 1853 
— See also 14 19. 

1264. Merget, (Antoine Eugene). £tude sur les travaux de M. de 

Romas. (Actes Acad. Bordeaux, Vol. 20, pp. 447-518.) 8vo. 

Bordeaux, 1853 
Detailed discussion from the view-point of priority, of Franklin's experi- 
ments on atmospheric electricity; the claims of M. de Romas, the author's 
countryman are sustained. See Franklin and de Romas or the Lightning 
Kite by Brother Potamian, Electrical World, Jan. 20, 1906. 

1265. Nicklds, F(ranQois) J(oseph) J(er6me). (1820-1869.) Les 61ectro- 

aimants circulaires. 27 pp. i plate. 4to. (These.) 

Paris, j8^3 
Researches on the tractive power of electromagnets. 
— See also 1195, 14941 324o> 

1266. Ohm, G(eorg) S(imon). (1787-1854.) Grundzuege der Physik 

als Compendium zu seinen Vorlesungen. Part I. Allgemeine 
Physik. 193 pp. 8vo. Nuremberg, 1853 

Treatise on rational mechanics and hydro-mechanics by the discoverer of 

the fundamental law of current electricity. 

— See also 835. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

1367. Palagi, Alessandro. Sulle variazioni elettriche a cui vanno sog- 
getti i corpi allorche si allontanano, o si avvicinano fra di 
loro. (Nuovi Ann. Sc. Nat., Bologna, Vol. 8, pp. 365-375.) 
8vo. Bologna, 1853 

Criticism of certain conclusions drawn from the indications of a Peltier 

electrometer. 

— See also 131 1, 1331. 

za68. Petiina, Franz (Adam). (1799-1855.) Ucber die vortheilhafte 
Anwendung der Zweigstroeme bei dcr Telegraphic. (Sitz. 
Bcr. Boehm. Akad. Wiss. Math.-Nat. Kl., Vol. 10, pp. 3-6.) 
8vo. Prague, 1853 

A simple electromagnetic harmonica consisting of a series of induction-coil 
vibrators. (Autograph copy, dedicated to Prof. Joh. Mueller.) 

zafig. Ucber eine Vercinfachung bcim tclegraphischen Corrcspon- 

diren in grosse Entfcrnungcn. (Sitz. Bcr. Boehm. Akad. Wiss. 
Math.-Nat. Kl., Vol. 2, pp. 375-378.) 8vo. Prague, 1853 

The author's views on simplifying long-distance telegraphy. 
— See also 1066. 

1370. Rhind, W. G. The magnet, the life of the mariner's compass. 
23 pp. 2 plates. 8vo. London, 1833 

General phenomena of the magnet compiled chiefly from Noad's "Lectures." 
(See No. 1065.) 

1271. Turnbull, Laurence. (1821-1900.) Electro-magnetic telegraph; 

with an historical account of its rise, progress and present 
condition, also practical suggestions in regard to insulation, 
and protection from the effects of lightning, with an appendix 
containing several important telegraphic decisions and laws. 
Second edition, revised and improved. 264 pp. ill. 2 plates. 
8vo. Philadelphia, 1853 

Detailed history of the development of the electric telegraph with numerous 

illustrations. The appendix contains a brief account of important telegraph 

decisions. (See No. ia6i.) 

— See also 1303. 

1272. Walker^ William. Magnetism of ships, and the mariner's com- 

pass, being a rudimentary exposition of the induced magnet- 
ism of iron in seagoing vessels, and its action on the compass, 
in different latitudes, and under diversified circumstances. 
XX+207 pp. I plate, tables, diagrs. i2mo. London, 1853 

History of the mariner's compass; action of the variable magnetism of iron 

ships on the compass; the author's compass. 

1273. Weber, Wilhelm Eduard. (1864-1891.) On the connection of 

diamagnetism with magnetism and electricity. (Translation 
by John Tyndall.) (Scient. Memoirs, Ser. II, Vol. i, pp. 163- 
199.) 8vo. London, 1853 

Physical and mathematical paper on the fundamental phenomena of diamag- 
netism. 
— See also mo. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

1274. Adley, Charles C(oles). Anglo-Indian telegraphs; or com- 
munication with London, in six hours. 26 pp. i map. i2mo. 

Calcutta, 1854 
The overland telegraph-route to India via Belochistan. 

1275. ^The electric telegraph; its history, theory and practical ap- 
plications. With an abstract by Charles Manby. (Excerpt 
Minutes Proc. Instit. Civil Engen., Vol. 11.) 33 pp. ill. 8vo. 

London, 1854 
— Sec also 1635, 316a. 

1276. Bosscha, Johannes (The younger). De galvanometro differen- 

tiali. 62 pp. 8vo. (Inaugural dissertation.) Leyden, 1854 
Theory and use of the differential galvanometer. 
— See also 13481 X444t 305^ 

1277. Boudin, (Jean Christian Marc Frangois Joseph). (1806-1867.) 

Histoire physique et medicale de la foudre et de ses effets sur 
rhomme, les animaux, les plantes, les Edifices, les navires. 
31 pp. 8vo. Paris, 1854 

Statistics relating to the destructive effects of lightning. 
— See also 13 13. 

X278. Brown, Andrew. Philosophy of physics; or Process of creative 
development by which the first principles of physics are 
proved beyond controversy, and their effect in the formation 
of all physical things made comprehensible to all intelligent 
minds as in phenomenal nature. 541 pp. 8vo. 

New York, 1854 
Metaphysical work containing incidentally a slight discussion of some electric 
and magnetic phenomena. 

1279. Clarke, £. Marmaduke. Illustrated hand book of the Royal 

Panopticon of science and art. 150 pp. ill. pi. i2mo. 

London, 1854 
Popular description of some electric and magnetic experiments. 

1280. Du Boi3-Re3rmond, (Emil Heinrich). (1818-1896.) Ueber 

Stroeme die durch Andruecken feuchter Leiter an metallische 
Elektroden entstehen. (Sitz. Ber. Akad. Wiss. Math.-Nat. Kl. 
1854, pp. 288-301). 8vo. Berlin, 1854 

Experiments in illustration of some of the author's views on animal elec- 
tricity. 
— See also 117a. 

Z281. Du Moncel, Th(6odose Achille Louis). (1821-1884.) Theorie 
des Eclairs. 46 pp. 8vo. Cherbourg, 1854 

Explanation of the various forms of lightning. 
— See also 1233. 

1282. Faraday, M(ichael). (i 791-1867.) On electric induction; asso- 
ciated cases of current and static effects. (Extract, Proc. 
Roy. Instit., Vol. i, pp. 345-355) 8vo. London, 1854 

Remarks on the "velocity" of electricity. Latimer Qark's experiments on 
the retardation of signals in long underground conductors. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

i9Sml Further observations on associated cases of current and 

static effects. (Extract, Philos. Mag. 1855.) 5 pp. 8vo. 

London, 1855 
The obaervationi bear on the rctudatxoii of tdegniph ngnali in horied 
oondnctors. 
—See also 787. 

1283. Peliciy Riccardo. Sulla teoria matematica dell' induzione elettro- 

dinamica. (Ann. Univ. Toscana Sc. Cosm., Vol. 3, pp. 1-30+ 
99-141, I plate; Vol. 4* PP. 5-24-) 4to. Pisa, 1854-1835 

Mathematical theory of some important cases in electromagnetic induction. 
— See also 1173. 

1284. Gintlt Wilhelm (Friedrich). Der elektro-chemische Schreib- 

Telegraph auf die gleichzeitige Gegen-Correspondenz an einer 
Drahtleitung angewendet (Sitz. Ber. Akad. Wiss. Math.-Nat. 
Kl., Vol. 14, pp. 400-415.) ill. 8vo. Vienna, 1854 

Description accompanied by diagrams of the author's electrochemical tele- 
graph. 
— See also ias6. 

1285. Knochenhauer, Karl Wilhelm. (1805-1875.) Beitraege zur 

Elektrizitaetslehre. iv-f-127 pp. i plate. 8vo. Berlin, 1854 

Research on the nature of the disdiarge from Leyden batteries. 
— See also ia34- 

za86. Lardner, Dionysius. (1793-1859.) Museum of science and art. 
12 vols. ill. i2mo. London, 1854-1856 

Popular account of telegraphy and submarine cabling in its early years. 
— See also 876. 

za87. Masson, A(ntoine Philibert). (1806-1860.) M6moire sur T^tin- 
celle 61ectrique. 94 pp. 2 plates. 4to. Harlem, 1854 

The spark-discharge in various media; spark-spectra of gases and metals. 
- -See also 941. 

za88. Matteucci, C(arlo). (1811-1868.) Cours special sur Tinduction, 
le magnet! sme de rotation, le diamagn^tisme, et sur les rela- 
tions entre la force magnetique et les actions moleculaires. 
viii+278 pp. 2 plates. 8vo. Paris, 1854 

Work containing the author's researches on magnetic rotations, electro- 
dynamic induction, and the phenomena of diamagnetism. 
— See also 985. 

Z289. Melloni, Macedonio. (1798-1854.) Sulla eguaglianza di velocita 
che le correnti elettriche di varia tensione assumono nello 
stesso conduttore metallico. (Ann. Sc. Mat.-Fis. Ser. I., Vol. 
5. pp. 319-325.) 4to. Rome, 1854 

The velocity of current transmission in a given conductor is independent of 

the impressed e. m. f. 

Z990. Sulla induzione elettrostatica. (Ann. Sc. Mat-Fis. Ser. I., 

Vol. 5, pp. 327-334.) I plate. 4to. Rome, 1854 

Research on electrostatic Induction. (See Nos. 1949, 1993, aoxa, 2054.) 

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CATALOGUE OF IV HEELER GIFT 

1291. Elettroscopie. (Ann. Sc. Mat.-Fis. Ser. I., Vol. 5, pp. 335- 

343.) I plate. 4to. Rome, 1854 

Description of the author's electroscope with diagrams. 

laga. Sopra alcuni fenomeni di elettricismo statico e dinamico re- 

centemente osservati da Faraday nei conduttori de telegrafi 
sotterranei e sottomarini. (Rend. R. Accad. Sc, Napoli, Ser. 
II, Vol. 3, pp. 30-38.) 8vo. Naples, 1854 

Note on Faraday's demonstration of the "electrification** of submarine cables. 

1393. Meyer, Moritz. (1821-1893.) Die Elektricitaet in ihrer An- 
wendung auf praktische Medicin. xiii-l-167 pp. ill. 8vo. 

Berlin, 1834 
Work on electro-therapeutics. 

za94. Pekarek, Franz. Ueber elektrische Lampen. (Sitz. Ber. Akad. 
Wiss. Math.-Nat. Kl., Vol. 12, pp. 263-274.) 2 plates. 8vo. 

Vienna, 1854 
.Arc lamps and regulating mechanisms. 

1295. Pluecker, Julius. (1801-1868.) Commentatio de crystallorum 

et gazorum conditione magnetica. 34 pp. 4to. (Inaugural 
dissertation.) Bonn, 1854 

Dissertation on the diamagnetic properties of certain crystals and gases. 
— Sec also 1164. 

1296. Quetelet, (Lambert) Ad(olphe Jacques). (1796-1874.) Sur 

I'electricit^ des nuages oageux. (Bull. Acad. Sc, Bruxelles, 
Vol. 21, pp. 6-15.) 8vo. Brussels, 1854 

Note on the charge and inductive effects of thunder-clouds. 
— See also 968. 

ia97. Robinson, T(homas) R(omney). (1792-1882.) On the luminous 
phenomena produced by the discharge of Ruhmkorff's induc- 
tion apparatus. (Proc. Irish Acad., Vol. 6, pp. 282^290.) Svo. 

Dublin, 1854 
Study of the discharge from an induction coil through gases and vapors at 
varying pressures. 
— See also 1148. 

1298. Robiquet, H(enri) E(dme). (1822-1860.) Observations au sujet 
de la th^orie de Franklin sur la nature du fluide ^lectrique. 
pp. 32-46. 4to. (These.) Paris, 1854 

The objections of Aepinus to Franklin's theory answered; theory of the 
electrostatic machine, the electrophorus and condenser explained according 
to the one and also the two-fluid theory. 

Z299. Rutter, J. O. N. Human electricity; the means of its develop- 
ment. Illustrated by experiments. With additional notes. 
vi+182+lxii pp. ill. I plate. i2mo. London, 1854 

A popular work. Among subjects treated are; the electricity of the human 

body, health and disease as affected by electricity. 

— See also 1^13. 

1300. SchcUcn, (Thomas Joseph) H(einrich). (1818-1884.) Der elek- 
tromagnetische Telegraph in den Hauptstadien seiner Ent- 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

wickelung und in seiner gegenwaertigen Ausbildung und An- 
wendung, nebst einer kurzen Einleitung ueber die optische 
und akustische Telegraphie und einem Anhange ueber den 
gegenwaertigen Betrieb der elektrischen Uhren. xii+259 pp. 
I plate. 8vo. Brunswick^ 1854 

Mechanical, optical and electrical telegraphs; lightning arresters, electric 

clocks. 

1300a. Fifth edition. (Bedeutend erweiterte und den neuesten Zu- 

staenden des Telegraphenwesens angepasste Auflage.) x-f- 
8oi-|-xxiii pp. 600 ill. 8vo. Brunswick, 1870 

— See also 1069. 

130Z. Schoenbein, C Christian) F(riedrich). (i 799-1868.) Ueber die 
chemischen Wirkungen der Elektricitaet der Waerme. (Verb. 
Naturf. Ges. Basel, Vol. i, pp. 18-67.) 8vo. Basle, 1834 

Some chemical effects of the electric current (Autoj^raph copy, dedicated to 
Faraday.) 
— See also 989. 
130a. Tate, T(homas Turner). (1807-1888.) Electricity for the use 
of beginners, iv-f-ioo pp. ill. i6mo. London, 1854 

— See also 3262. 

1303. Tumbull, Laurence (1821-1900) and W(illiam) C. McRea. 

Railroad accidents, and the means by which they may be pre- 
vented by the use of the electromagnetic safety apparatus. 
63 pp. I2m6. Philadelphia, 1854 

— See also 1271, 

1304. Willigen, V(olkert) S(imon) M(aarten) van der. (1822-1878.) 

Proeven betreffende den galvanischen lichtboog. 13 pp. 8vo. 

Deventer, 1854 

Heat and light produced by Toltaic batteries. 
— See also I343» I374* I43i. M^o, 1504, 21x4. 

1305. Vinchent, J. (i822>i887.) Notice sur I'etablissement des lignes 

telegraph iques en Belgique. 75 pp. 8vo. Brussels, 1854 

— See also 3268. 

1306. Wallace, W(illiam) Clay. An attempt to show that light, heat. 

electricity, and magnetism are effects of the law of gravita- 
tion. 15 pp. ill. 8vo. New York, 1834 

The earth and the sun constitute a geoheliac battery; the earth and the moon 

a geoselenic battery. 

— See also 5249. 

1307. Window, Frederick Richard. On the electric telegraph and the 

principal improvements in its construction. With an abstract 
by Charles Manby. (Excerpt Minutes Proc. Instit. Civil 
Engin., Vol. 2.) 62 pp. 8vo. London, 1834 

General account of electric telegraphy: the double needle instrument; Brett's 
printing, Blakewell's copying and Siemens' printing telegraphs. 
— See also 1402, 1474, 3073. 

1308. Orr's circle of the sciences, a series of treatises on the prin- 

ciples of Science. 9 vols. ill. map. 8vo. London, i834r'i856 
Treatises on geometry, trigonometry, astronomy, electricity and magnetism. 

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BOUBSEUL ABTIGLE. 3 

Paris, yoa can draw a profile by ordinary means there, and the 
same profile draws itself at the same time at Frankfort. Attempts 
of this sort have succeeded. The apparatus hns been exhibited at 
the London Exhibition. Some details, however, remain to be per- 
fected. It would seem impossible to go beyond this in the region 
of the marvellous. Let us try, nevertheless, to go a few steps fur- 
ther. I have asked myself, for example, if the spoken word itself 
could not be transmitted by electricity; in a word, if what was 
spoken in Vienna may not be heard in Paris ? The thing is practi- 
cable in this way : — 

We know that sounds are made by vibrations, and are made sen- 
sible to the ear by the same vibrations, which are reproduced by the 
intervening medium. But the intensity of the vibrations diminishes 
very rapidly with the distance ; so that even with the aid of speak- 
ing tubes and trumpets, it is impossible to exceed somewhat narrow 
limits. Suppose that a man speaks near a movable disk, sufiiciently 
flexible to lose none of the vibrations of the voice; that this disk 
alternntcly makes and breaks the connection with a battery; you 
may have at a distance sinothcr disk which will simultaneously 
execute the same vibrations^ 

It need not be said that numerous applications of the highest 
impoi-tance will immediately arise from the transmission of speech by 
electricity. Any one who is not deaf and dumb may use this mode 
of transmission, which would require no apparatus except an elec- 
trie battery, two vibrating disks and a wire. In many cases, as, for 
example, in large establishments, ordera might be transmitted in 
this way, although transmission in this way will not be used while it 
is necessary to transmit letter by letter, and to make use of tele- 
graphs which require use and apprenticeship. However this may 
be, it is certain that in a more or less distant future, speech will be 
transmitted by electricity. I have made some experiments in this 
direction. They are delicate, and demand time and patience ; but 
the approximations obtained promise a favorable result. 

Charles Bourseul. 

Paris, August 18, 1854. 

laOSbis. BOURSEUL. (Translation of a portion of a communication printed tn 
"I'lllustration," Paris, August 26, 1854.) 



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CATAIOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

zaoSj-bis. Telephone— BourseuL Five publications relating to Charles 
Bourseul. The papers, written originally in foreign languages, 
are translated into English. 1854-1878 

I. L'niustrstion, Journal Universe!, Aug. 26^ 1854. A communication from 
Charles Bourseul. 2. Didaskalia, Blaetter fuer Geist, Gemueth und Publicitaet. 
No. 23J. Apparently an abstract of the foregoing Bourseul article. 3. £x- 
pos< des Applications de r£lectricit<, by Du Moncel, Vol. II, p. 22s, ed. 
X854; Vol. Ill, p. zio, ed. 1856. Reprint of the body of Bourseul's com- 
munication to L'lUustration. 4. Comptes Rendus des Seances de I'Acad^mie 
des Sciences, Nov. 26, 1877. Extract from paper about Bourseul and Bell, 
read before the Academic by Du Moncel. 5. The Telephone, the Microphone 
and the Phonograph, by Du Moncel, published in French 1878, and in Eng- 
lish by Harper Bros., 1879, pp. 12-15. 

1309. Arago, (Dominique Frangois Jean). (1786-1853.) Meteorolog- 

ical essays with an introduction by Alexander von Humboldt, 
translated under the superintendence of Colonel Sabine. 
xxxvi-|-S04 pp. 8vo. London, 1855 

Storehouse of facts and general information on electric and magnetic phe- 
nomena. 
— See also 915. 

1310. Becquerel, (Antoine C6sar) (1788-1878) & A(lexandre) E(d- 

mond) Becquerel. (1820-1891.) Trait6 d'electricite et de mag- 
n^tisme. Leurs applications aux sciences physiques, aux arts 
et i rindustrie. 3 vols. ill. 8vo. Paris, 1855-1856 

The first volume treats of general principles; the second of electro-chem- 
istry; the third of magnetism and electro-magnetism. This last volume con- 
tains numerous magnetic charts. 
^See also 882, 1439. 
13ZI. Bertelli, Timoteo. (1826-1905) & Alessandro PalagL Sulla 
distribuzione delle correnti elettriche nei conduttori. Esperienze. 
25 pp. 3 plates. 8vo. Bologna, 1855 

Experiments on the mode of propagation of an electric current in telegraph 
wires. 

— See also 1267, 1441. 
131a. Bois, (Frangois) Victor. (1813-1870.) La telegraphic 61ec- 
trique. 127 pp. i2mo. Paris, 1853 

Chappe's mechanical telegraph, the electric dtal-telcgraph, the Morse code and 
otiier electrical generalties. 
1313. Boudin, (Jean Christian Marc Fran<;ois Joseph). (1806-1867.) 
De la foudre consid6r6e au point de vue de Thistoire de la 
medicine legale et de I'hygienc publique. 50 pp. 8vo. 

Paris, 1855 
Brief historical notice with numerous references: effect of lightning-stroke 
on the animal system. 
I3I4, Histoire de la foudre et des paratonnerres. 56 pp. ill. 8vo. 

The lightning-rod considered historically and practically. Parts, l8S5 

— See also 1277. 
1315. Brewster, (Sir) David. (1781-1868.) The electric telegraph. 
(North British Rev., Vol. 22, pp. 545-591.) 8vo. 

Edinburgh, 1855 
Consecutive account of the development of the electric telegraph: letter of 

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C, M. (Charles Marihall) from the Scots Magazine, 1753. (See No. 378.) 
— ^Sec also 1197. 

1316. Bright, Edward Brailsford. Vis, a treatise on the predominating 
influence of the sunbeam throughout creation. viii+i6i pp. 
i2mo. London, 1855 

Solar variation and not the force of gravitation governs all cosmical phe* 
nomena. Periodic changes in magnetic declination. 
— See also 1666, 2447, 3925. 

13x7. Channing, William F. The American fire-alarm telegraph: a 
lecture delivered before the Smithsonian Institution, March, 
1855. (Reprinted from Ann. Report Smithsonian Institution, 
1854, pp. 147-155.) 19 pp. 8vo. Boston, 1855 

The system described is that of Moses G. Farmer. 

— See also 2958. 

1318. Figuier, (Guillaume Louis). (1819-1894.) Exposition et his- 
toire des principales d^couvertes scientifiques modernes. 
4 iime edition. 4 vols. ill. i2mo. Paris, 1855-1857 

Vol. II contains a history of electric telegraphy; Vol. IV the lightning-rod 
and the voltaic battery. 
— See also 1354* 17 19. 
13x9. Galle, L(udwig). Katechismus der elektrischen Telegraphic. 
xii+191 pp. ill. i2mo. (Weber's Katechismen, Vol. 21.) 

Leipzig, 1855 
The essentials of electric telegraphy. 

1319a. ^3d edition (vermehrte und verbesserte Auflage). xii+232 

pp. ill, i2mo. Leipzig, 1864 

1320. Goodyear, Charles. (1800-1860.) Gum-elastic and its varieties, 
with a detailed account of its applications and uses, and of 
the discovery of vulcanization. 2 vols. 8vo. New Haven, 1855 
The manufacture of India rubber and its various uses. 

132X. Hansteen, Christopher, (i 784-1873.) Den magnetiske inclina- 
tions forandring i den nordlige tempererte zone. 71 pp. i 
map. 4to. Copenhagen, 1855 

Celebrated memoir on the magnetic dip in the north-temperate xone. 
— See also 756. 

1322. Horn, Hermann. Darstellung der magnetischen Polaritaets- 

Verhaeltnisse gegenueberstehender lebender Organismen mit- 
tels der Magnetnadel. 35 pp. 8vo. Munich, 1855 

Magnetism of the human organism, plants, etc. 

1323. Lardner, Dionysius. (i 793-1 859.) Electric telegraph popular- 

ized. From "The Museum of Science and Art." vi l.-|-pp. 113 
-208+1-149 (250 pp.) ill. I plate. i2mo. London, J855 

Cable laying in the early days, par. 145; Maury*s telegraphic plateau, par. 
169. 

1324. Handbook of natural philosophy, 4 vols. ill. i2mo. 

London, 1855^1856 
Manual of physical science involving a knowledge of elementary mathe- 
matics only. Vol. IV, Electricity, magnetism, and acoustics. 

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CATALOGUE OF IVHEELER GIFT 

I3a4a. Handbook of electricity, magnetism and acoustics. Seventh 

thousand. Edited by G. C. Foster, xix+442 pp. ill. pi. i2mo. 

London, 1866 

Numerous and Taluable additions to tlw original by Prof. G. Carey Foster. 
— See also 876. 

1325. Lyon, Lucius. Treatise on lightning conductors, compiled from 
a work on thunderstorms by S. W. Harris and other standard 
authors. Second edition, xvi+240 pp. i2mo. New York, 1855 

Compilation principaUy from the works of Sir William Snow Harris and 
Noad. 

1336. Michaud, L. La terre, Teau, Fair et le feu; ou Notions de phy- 

sique, de mecanique, de chimie et de geologic en rapport avec 
les ph^nomenes naturels du globe et les usages ordinaires 
de la vie. Seconde partie: La terre et le feu. 324 pp. 10 
plates. i2mo. Lausanne, 1855 

Eighty pages of popular treatment of magnetism and electricity. 

1337. Mi^ge, B. & T. R. Ung6rer. Vade-mecum pratique de tele- 

graphic 61ectrique i Tusage des employes du telegraphe. Pre- 
miere partie. Cours elementaire professe i Tadministration 
centrale des lignes telegraphiques, par B. Mi^ge. Deuxi^me 
partie: £tudes pratiques sur le systeme et appareil Morse, par 
T. R. Ung6rer. 2 parts, ill. 2 plates. i2mo. Paris, 185$ 
Telegraphic essentials. 

1328. Miller, William Allen. (1817-1870.) Elements of chemistry; 
theoretical and practical. Part I. Chemical physics. (Com- 
plete in 3 vols.) ill. 8vo. London, 1855 
Two hundred pages are devoted to magnetism and electricity. 

I3a8a. Part L Fifth edition, revised with additions by Herbert 

McLeod. ill. 8vo. London, 1872 

— See also 2244, 3356. 

1339. Mullaly, John. Trip to Newfoundland; its scenery and fisheries; 
with an account of the laying of the submarine telegraph 
cable. 108 pp. ill. i2mo. New York, 1855 

Narrative of the laying of the cable between Port au Basque and North Syd- 
ney, 1855; the writer was a member of the expedition. He was also on board 
the U. S. steam-frigate Niagara as secretary to Prof. Morse and afterwards 
to Cyrus W. Field, while the cables of 1857 and 1858 were being laid. 
•~See also 1425. 

1330. Ogan, Alfred. Railway collisions prevented, xx-f-34 pp. 5 
plates. 8vo. London, 1833 

Electro-magnetic apparatus for operating railway signals. 

133Z. Palagi, Alessandro. Sperienze elettro-dinamiche. (Extract, 
Giorn. Arcadico, Vol. 140, pp. 83-94,) 14 PP. 8vo. Rome, 1855 
Account of experiments made by the author on a circuit consisting of copper 
wire and a considerable length of a railroad line. 

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i33ia.^^(Facolta clettro-motrice del carbone.) (Extract, Rend. 
Accad. Sc. Bologna, 1855-1856. pp. 62-65.) 4 pp. 8vo. 

Bologna, (1836 f) 

Deposition of copper from solution of copper-snlphate on incandescent ehar« 

coal. 

— See also 1267. 

133a. Philips, A. J. P. (pseud.) (i.e., J. P. Durand). Electro- 
dynamisme vital; ou, les relations physiologiques de Tesprit 
et de la mati^re d6montr6es par des experiences entierement 
nouvelles et par Thistoire raisonnee du systeme nerveux. 
xlvii+383 pp. 8vo. Paris, 1855 

Investigation on the manner in which nerves and muscles are affected by the 
electric current. 

1333. Poggcndorff, (Johann Christian), (i 796-1877.) Fortgesetzte 

Beobachtungen ueber Inductions-Elektricitaet. (Sitz. Ber. 
Akad. Wiss. Math.-Nat. Kl. 1855, pp. 12-42.) 8vo. Berlin, 1855 
Construction and function of the various parts of an induction coil. 
— See also 1027. 

1334. Regnard, Edouard. M6moire sur la t^l^graphie electrique a 

courants combines et i double ^chappement et sur Thorlogerie 
electrique. 46 pp. 2 plates. 8vo. Paris, 1855 

Application of the electric current to dial-telegraphs. 

1335- Regnauld, Jules (Antoine). (1820-1895.) Recherches sur les 
forces 61ectro-motrices et sur une nouvelle m6thode proprc 
i les determiner. 56 pp. i plate. 4to. (These.) Paris, 1833 
Study of the various causes that may affect the e. m. f. of a cell; a new 
method of determining the e. m. f. of a battery. 
— See also ii29> 

1336. Robinson, T(homas) R(omney). (1792-1882.) Experimental 
researches on the lifting power of the electro-magnet. (Trans. 
Roy. Irish Acad., Vol. 22, pp. 291-3 11 +499-524; Vol. 23, pp. 
501-533.) 4to. Dublin, 1833-1839 

Experimental inquiry into the relation between the position of the turns of 
wire, the length of the magnetic circuit, and the lifting power of an electro- 
magnet. 

1337* On the relation between the temperature of metallic con- 
ductors, and their resistance to electric currents. (Trans. Roy. 
Irish Acad., Vol. 22, pp. 1-24,) 4to. Dublin, 1833 

One of the principal facts established is that the resistance of a conductor 
to the passage of a current increases without limit up to the point of fusion. 
— See also 1148. 

1338. Ronalds, (Sir) Francis. (1788-1873) Descriptions de quelques 

instruments mcteorologiques et magnetiques. 58 pp. 14 plates. 
8vo. Paris, 1833 

Among the instruments described are a magnetograph and photo-electrograph. 
— See also 803. 

1339. Schweigger, J(ohann) S(alomo) C(hristoph). (1779-1857.) 

Ueber die optische Bedeutsamkeit des am elektromagnetischen 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

Multiplikator sich darstellenden Princips zur Verstaerkung 
dcs Magnetischen Umschwungs. Z7 PP- 4to. Halle, 1853 
The e£Fect of an electric current on the plane of polarization of light with 
remarks on polar aurorae. 
— See alflo 724. 
1340. Scoffcrn, John. (1814-1882.) Chemistry of the imponderable 
agents, light, heat, electricity and magnetism, including the 
gases and the elementary principles of the science, vii+277 
pp. ill. i2mo. (Orr's Circle of Sciences.) London, 1855 

Written for beginners. 

1342. Tresca, Henri Edouard. (1814-1885.) Visitc k I'^xposition uni- 

verselle de Paris, en 1855. Public avec la collaboration dc 
MM. Alcan, Bandement, Boquillon, Delbrouckain6, Dekerain, 
Fort in, Hermann, J. Gaudry, Molinos, C. Nepreu, H. Peligot, 
Pronnier, Silbermann, E. Trelat, U. F. Trelat, Tresca, sous la 
direction de M. Tresca. 785 pp. pi. i6mo. Paris, 1855 

Notices of the electric light, as seen in the Paris Exposition of 1855; also of 
, gutta percha and electro-metallurgy. 
— See also 3566. 

1343. Willigen, V(olkert) S(imon) M(aarten) van der. (1822-1878.) 

Over combinatie-toonen, zoogenaande stooten en conen dis- 
sonantie. (Versl. Akad. Wetensch. Amsterdam, Vol. 3, pp. 
11S-146.) 8vo. Amsterdam, 1855 

Combination-tones and dissonance. 

— See also 1304. 

1344. Hall, C. C. van. De electro-magnetische telegraaf in zijne ver- 

schillende trappen van ontwikkeling en tegenwoordigen toe- 
stand voorgesteld. Bevattendc eene handleiding voor tele- 
grafisten en eene duidelijke uiteenzetting van de gronden der 
telegraphie voor beschaafde lezers. 319 pp. ill. pi. 8vo. 

Utrecht, 1855 
General, practical work on the electric telegraph. 

1345. Application of the theory of the conduction of electricity 

through solids in estimating the dimensions of submarine 
telegraph wires required for long distances. Compiled from 
the researches of Michael Faraday and William Thomson. 
16 pp. 8vo. London, 1855 

Retardation of signals in long subterranean or submarine conductors. 

1346. (Atkinson, James.) The universal powers of nature revealed, 

and the law delineated; in a graphic outline of the history 
of the earth by a philosopher. 252 pp. 8vo. London, 1856 

Work of pure imagination. 

1347. Baumgartner, A(ndreas) von. (1793-1865.) Von der Umwand- 

lung der Waerme in Elektricitaet. (Sitz. Ber. Akad. Wiss. 

Math. Nat. Kl., Vol. 22, pp. si3-522+Nachtrag. Sitz. Ber. 

Akad. Wiss. Math.-Nat. Kl., Vol. 32, pp. 157-162.) 4to. 

Vienna, 1856-1838 
The transformation of heat-energy into electricity. 
— Sec also 3048. 

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1353. FARADAY, 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

1348. Bosscha, J(ohannes) (The younger). Broevc eener oplossing 

van een vraagstuk, betreffende de electrische telcgrafie. (Vers!. 
Akad. Wctensch. Amsterdam, Vol. 4, pp. 101-118.) i plate. 
8vo. Amsterdam, 1856 

Development of the electric telegraph. 
— See also 1276. 

1349. Bourgeat, J. B. Etudes sur Vincent de Beauvais, thdologien, 

philosophe, encyclopediste, ou, Specimen des 6tudes th^o- 
logiques, philosophiques et scientifiques au moyen age XIII. 
si^cle. 1210-1270. viii+231 pp. 8vo. (Th^se.) Paris, 1856 
Critical study of the work of Vincent of Beaavais, the Dominican encyclo* 
pcdist of the thirteenth century, from a philosophical and theological stand- 
point. (See no. i.) 

1350. Chalmers, Charles. Notes for inquiry. Notes on the solar 

system and notes on electricity. Two tracts. 8+8 pp. ill. 
8vo. Edinburgh, 1836 

— See also 1200. 

1351. Du Moncel, Th(eodose Achille Louis). (1821-1884.) Expos^ 

des applications de Telectricit^. Seconde edition. Vols. 1-3, 5. 
ill. pis. 8vo. Paris, 1856-1862 

After a lengthy description of electro-magnetic apparatus, the author treats 
of the mechanical, physical and physiological applications that have been 
made of the electric current. The last volume is devoted to the progress in 
the applications of electricity made from 1859 to 1862. 

i35za. ^Third edition. (Entierement refondue.) 5 vols. 22 plates. 

8vo. Paris, 1872-1878 

An excellent work for reference in looking up the prior state of the 
electrical art. 
— See also 1223. 
135a. Ebner, (Moritz) von. Ueber die Anwendung der Reibungs- 
Elektricitaet zum Zuenden von Sprengladungen. (Sitz. Ber. 
Akad. Wiss. Math.-Nat. KL, Vol. 21, pp. 85-1 11.) i plate. 4to. 

Vienna, 1856 
Application of frictional electricity to blasting. 
— See also 161 2. 

1353. Faraday, Michael. (1791-1867.) Letter to Latimer Clark on 

the death of Melloni, 1856; another, 1857, on spiritualistic 

sSances, MSS. 185^1857 
— See also 787. 

1354. Figtiier, Guillaume Louis. (18 19-1894.) Les applications nou- 

velles de la science k Tindustrie et aux arts en 1855. iv-l-388 
pp. i2mo. Paris, 1856 

Chapters on electric lighting, electrotyping, photography, etc. 
—See also 13 18. 

1355. Force, Peter. Record of auroral phenomena observed in the 

higher northern latitudes. 118 pp. 4to. Washington, 1856 

List of auroral observations prior to 1851 with place, date and remarks. 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

1356. Ganot, A(dolphe). (1804-1887.) Traite elementaire de phy- 

sique experimcntalc appliqti^e et de met^orologie, avec un 
recueil nombrcux de problemes, illustre de 532 belles gravures 
sur bois intercal6es dans le texte. Sixi^me edition; un seconde 
appendice de probl^mes, de 21 gravures nouvelles et des tra- 
vaux les plus recents sur r^Iectricit^. 806 pp. ill. diagr. i2mo. 

Paris, 1856 

Standard text>book of elementary physics and meteorology. 

— See also 1454. 

1357. Gore, George. Theory and practice of electro-deposition, in- 

cluding every known mode of depositing metals, etc. viii-|- 
104 pp. ill. 8vo. (Orr's Circle of the Sciences, Vol. VIII.) 

London, 1856 
— See also 2030, 2283, 2356, 2408, 3022. 

1358. Harris, (Sir) William Snow. (1792-1867.) An experimental il- 

lustration of a general law of electrical discharge. 2 pp. i 
plate, ill. 4to. {London, 1856) 

Deflagration of patches of gold-leaf in illustration of the function of lightning 
conductors. 

1359- Rudimentary treatise on galvanism, and the general principles 

of animal and voltaic electricity. xi-f-2is pp. ill. i2mo. 

London, 1836 
This treatise ranks among the best; the magnetic part is of special interest. 

1359a. A new edition, revised with considerable additions by Robert 

Sabine. vi-f247 pp. ill. i2mo. London, 1869 

— See also 801. 

1360. Hearder, J(onathan) N(ash). (1809-1876.) On a powerful 

modification of the static induction coil. (Trans. Cornwall 
Polyt. Soc. 1856, pp. 1-14.) 8vo. Cornwall, 1856 

Function of the condenser in induction coils. (Autograph copy.) 

— See also 3916. 

1 361. Hughes, (David) Edward. (1831-1900.) Reading lessons, ad- 

vanced series. Third book, viii-f 430 pp. ill. i2mo. 

London, 1836 
Chapters by Charles Vincent Walker on electricity, magnetism, and tel- 
egraphy. 
^See also joo6bis, 3399. 

136a. Jacobi» (Moritz) H(ermann) von. (1801-1874.) Description 
d'un t^l^graphe, electrique naval, etabli sur la frigate a vapeur 
le Polkan. (Bull. Acad. Sc. CI. Physico-Math. St. Peters- 
bourg, Vol. 14, pp. 145-150.) 3 plates. 8vo. 

St. Petersburg, 1836 
It is suggested to send signals by means of an electric bell. 
^-See also 907. 

1363. Knochenhauer» K(arl) W(ilhelm). (1805-1875.) Ueber die 
Theilung des elektrischen Stromes. (Sitz. Ber. Akad. Wiss. 
Math. Nat. Kl., Vol. 22, pp. 327-331.) 8vo. Vienna, 1836 

Note on the division of a current in multiple arc. 
— See also 1234. 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

1364. Lament, J(ohann) von. (1805-1879.) Hct magnetismus dcr 

Aardc, populair beschreven, uit het Hoogduitsch vertaald door 
W. F. Kaiser; met eene voorrede en een bijvoegsel, over hct 
magnetismus der zon en maan, door F. Kayser. xvi+112 pp. 
I plate. 8vo. Zwolle de Erven, 1856 

Popular account of the phenomena of terrestrial magnetism. 
— See also 1049. 

1365. Loomis, Elias. (1811-1889.) Recent progress of astronomy; 

especially in the United States. Third edition. 396 pp. ill. 
8vo. New York, 1836 

Chapter on the application of the electric telegraph to astronomical pur- 
poses; experiments to determine the 'Velocity" of the electric current, p. 357. 
— See also 191 7, a866. 
X366. McCallum, David. The globotype telegraph: a recording in- 
strument by which small colored balls are released one-by- 
one, and made to pass over a series of inclined planes, by the 
force of their own gravity. 32 pp. ill. pi. 8vo. London, 1856 
Small colored balls electrically released are used to record the signals. 

1367. Ohm, M(artin). (1792-1872.) Dreieinigkeit der Kraft; ein 

Beitrag zur naeheren Erkenntniss Gottes in seiner materiellen 
Schoepfung. Fuer die Gebildeten aller Staende, besonders 
auch des schoenen Geschlechts. viii-l-34S pp. 8vo. 

Nuremberg, 1856 
Considerations on the nature of attraction, heat, electricity and magnetism. 

1368. Olmsted, D(enison). (i 791-1859.) On the recent secular period 

of the aurora borealis. 52 pp. 4to. Washington, 1856 

The paper treats of the characteristics and periodicity as well as the origin 
and cause of the aurora borealis. 

1369. Pederzolli, Giuseppe. Apparato d'induzione elettro-magneto 

di Callan modificato dall' abate Vincenzo Vignola da 
Verona. 26 pp. i plate. 8vo. Trent, 1856 

Father Callan of Maynooth was among the first to construct an induction 
coil; the present paper describes some modifications introduced by the author. 

137a Poey, Andr6. Analyse des hypotheses anciennes et modernes 
qui ont 6t6 6mises sur les 6clairs sans tonnerre par un ciel 
parfaitement serein ou dans le sein des nuages; accompagnee 
d'une description des Eclairs sans tonnerre observes sous di- 
verses latitudes et en particulier i la Havane, ainsi que d*un 
essai th6orique sur la nature des Eclairs sans tonnerre par un 
ciel convert ou serein. (Extract, UAnnuaire, Soc. Met^orol. 
de France, Vol. III.) 64 pp. 4to. Versailles, 1856 

Various causes of summer lightning discussed. 
— See also 1530, 3005. 

I37I, Schweigger, J(ohann) S(alomo) C(hristoph). (1779-1857.) 
Ueber Magnetismus in akustischer Beziehung. (Abh. Naturf. 
Ges., Halle, Vol. 3» PP- 145-190). 4to. Halle, 1856 

Velocity of propagation of light, sound and certain electro-magnetic dis* 
turbances. 
— See also 724. 

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137a. Scoutetin, (Robert Joseph Henri). (179(^1871.) L'ozone. ou 
recherches chimiques, met^orologiques, physiologiques et 
medicales sur I'oxygene electrise. 287 pp. pi. 6 tabl. i2mo. 

Paris, 1856 
Nature of ozone; its physical and therapeutic properties. 
— See also 1607, 3365* 

1373. Stark, J. B. Eine neue Methode des Doppeltsprechens in der- 

selben Richtung auf einem Drahte. (Sitz. Ber. Akad. Wiss. 
Math.-Nat. Kl., Vol. 20, pp. S3 1-538) i plate. 8vo. 

Vienna, 1856 
Paper on duplex telephony. 

1374. Willigen V(olkert) S(imon) M(aarten) van der. (1822-1878.) 

Over het in lagen verdeelde licht in het electrisch ei. (Vcrsl. 
Akad. Wetensch., Amsterdam, Vol. 4, pp. 280-286.) 8vo. 

Amsterdam, 1856 

Experiments with the electric egg. 
— See also 1304. 

1375. Nouvel appareil electro-t616graphique appel6. distributeur de 

d^peches, mis en rapport avec plusieurs ameliorations de la 
t^legraphie ^lectriquc. 23 pp. 8vo. (^1856) 

Description of Duncker's apparatus for the simultaneous transmisdon of two 
telegraphic messages. 

1376. Airy, (Sir) G(eorge) B(iddell). (1801-1892.) Letter to Latimer 

Clark on the aurora borealis observed at Christiania, Nov. 9, 
1857. (MS.) 1857 

— See also 1658, 1765, 3750. 

1377. Allan, Thomas. Ocean telegraphy. 26 pp. i2mo. London, 1857 

The author's system of light cables for submarine telegraphy; telegraphic 
communication with America. 

1377a. (Another edition.) 24 pp. 8vo. London, i860 

— See also i402bis, i435bis, 1476, 3279. 

1378. Andrew, (Sir) W(illiam) P(atrick). ( ? -1887.) Memoir on 

the Euphrates valley route to India; with official correspond- 
ence and maps, xvi+267 pp. 2 maps. 8vo. London, 18$? 
This work was written to show the importance of establishing telegraphic 
communication between England and India via the Euphrates Valley. 

1379. Barrister, A. (pseud.). Euphrates versus Suez, or which is the 

shorter?; being a reply to a Quarterly Reviewer, of the Suez and 
Euphrates routes to India. 32 pp. 8vo. London, 1857 

The overland route is recommended. 

1380. Benedlkt, Moritz. Ueber die Abhaengigkeit des elektrischen 

Leitungswiderstandes von der Groesse and Dauer des Stromes. 
(Sitz. Ber. Akad. Wiss. Math.-Nat. Kl., Vol. 25, pp. 589-599.) 
8vo. Vienna, 1857 

Note on the strength and duration of electric currents. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

1381. Blavier, E(douard) E(rneste). (1826-1887.) Cours th^oriquc 

et pratique de tel^graphie electrique. 467 pp. ill. 5 plates. 

i2mo. Paris, 1857 
A standard manual of electric telegraphy. 

138x0. Nouveau traite dc telegraphie Electrique. 2 vols. ill. 8vo. 

Paris, 1865-1867 
Fundamental principles, methods and instruments fully explained. A short 
history of telegraphy is given in the introduction. 
— See also 1818, 2226, 3431. 

1383. Bonel, A. Histoire de la telegraphie, description des principaux 
appareils aeriens et Electriques. 147 pp. ill. i2mo. Paris, 1857 
Short sketch of mechanical (semaphore) telegraphs, together with the rudi- 
ments of electric telegraphy. 
— See also 2270. 

1383. Buys Ballot, C(hristoph) H(einrich) D(iederich). (1817-1890.) 

Over de strekking van eenige algemeene beginselen in de 
natuurkunde voornamelijk over dit: de atomen, goowel de 
heterogene als de homogene, slingeren tegenover efkander 
om een evenwigtstoestand. (Versl. Akad. Wetensch., Amster- 
dam, Vol. 5, pp. 77-92.) 8vo. Amsterdam, i8s7 

Work on electrical decomposition. 

1384. (Cooke, (Sir) William Fothergill.) (1806-1879.) Memories of 

the past. 155 pp. 4to. {London, 1857) 

Some poetic effusions. 
— See also loii. 

1385. Crosse, Cornelia A. H. Memorials scientific and literary, of 

Andrew Crosse, the electrician. (1784-1855.) ix+360 pp. 8vo. 

London, 1857 
The author describes experiments on the separation of copper from its ores 
by electricity; electro-vegetation; perforation of dielectrics, etc. 

1386. Dorville, £. Monographe de la pile Electrique; sa forme, ses 

applications, ses perfectionnements. 24 pp. ill. 8vo. 

Paris, i8S7 
The voltaic battery; some effects of the current; applications; improvements. 

1387. Du Moncel, Th(codose Achille Louis). (1821-1884.) Notice 

historique sur le tonnerre et les Eclairs. 54 pp. 8vo. 

Paris, 1857 
Early observations; Franklin's experiments and those of de Romas; sheet 
lightning; ball lightning. 

1388. Ruhmkorffs Induktions-Apparat und die damit anzustellen- 

den Versuche; nach dem franzoesischen Original bearbeitet 
von C. Bromeis und J. F. Bockelmann. vi+i 76 pp. ill. 8vo. 

Frankfort, 1857 
Construction and uses of the induction coil. 
— See also 1223. 
1389. Field, Cyrus W(est). (1819-1892.) (Correspondence on the 
Atlantic telegraph.) 5 pp. 8vo. Washington, 1857 

Deep-sea sounding; the "telegraphic plateau." 
— See also 3021. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

1390. Gavarret, (Louis Dominique) J(ules). (180^1890.) Traits 
d'electricit6. 2 vols. ill. i2mo. Paris, 1857^1858 

The second volume has 60 pages on atmospheric electricity; Franklin's ex- 
periments, p. 538; lightning conductors, p. 588. 
— See also 1043. 

Z391. Hancock, Thomas. Personal narrative of the origin and prog- 
ress of the caoutchouc or India-rubber manufacture in Eng- 
land. To which is added some account of the plants from 
which caoutchouc is obtained, its chemical analysis, statistical 
tables etc., with an appendix, containing the specifications of 
the author's patents, viii-1-283 pp. ill. 19 plates, portr. Svo. 

London, 1857 
Mainly an account of the author's own work in the manufacture of caout- 
chouc. 

X39a. Henry, J(oseph). (1797-1878.) The electro-magnetic tele- 
graph. (Proc. Board of Regents, Smithsonian Instit., 1857.) 
39 PP- 8vo. Washington, i8$7 

Morse's charges against the author with appendix on the history of the 
electro-magnetic telegraph. 
— See also loos. 

Z393. Higginson, Francis. The ocean, its unfathomable depths and 
natural phenomena; comprising authentic narratives and 
strange reminiscences of enterprise, delusion, and delin- 
quency: with the voyage and discoveries of Her Majesty's 
Ship "Cyclops." x-t-202 pp. 8vo. London, 1857 

Criticism of Lieutenant Maury's soundings; the author holds that a cable 
could not sink down to the ocean floor, p. 15; and that a range of high 
submarine mountains exists along the proposed cable route, p. 25. 

1354. Jacobi, (Moritz) H(ermann) von. (1801-1874.) Sur la neces- 
site d'exprimer la force des courants 61ectriques et la 
resistance des circuits en unites reconnues. 35 pp. 8vo. 

St. Petersburg, 1857 

General and special considerations for the adoption of a common system of 
electric units; also remarks on Gaugain's galvanometer and doubts concern- 
ing the accuracy of Ohm's law. 
— See also 907. 

1395. Lardner, Dionysius. (i 793-1859.) Natural philosophy for 

schools. Second edition, xiv4-24i pp. ill. i plate. i2mo. 

London, 1857 
The elements of the subject; a work popular in its day. 
— See also 876. 

1396. (Mann, Robert James.) (1817-1886.) The Atlantic telegraph. 

A history of preliminary experimental proceedings and a de- 
scriptive account of the present state and prospects of the 
undertaking. 69 pp. i map. 8vo. Published by order of the 
Directors of the Company. London, 1857 

Mechanical and electrical difficulties of making, laying and working a cable 
under the Atlantic; remarks on Maury's telegraphic plateau; induction coil 
used in transmitting signals through cables, p. 62. 
— See also 3789. 

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25 

the machine described in Silliman's Journal, vol. xx, 1831, and for the 

purpose of experimenting in regard to the secondi I arranged around one 

of the upper rooms in the Albany Acad- vig. t. 

emy a wire of more than a mile in 

length, through which I was enabled to 

make signals by soutiding a bell, (fig- 

7.) The mechanical arrangement for 

effecting this object was simply a steel 

bar, permanently magnetized, of about 

ten inches in length, supported on a 

pivot, and placed with its north end 

between the two arms of a horse-shoe 

magnet. When the latter was excited 

by the current, the end of the bar thus 

placed was attracted by one arm of the horse-shoe, and repelled by the 

other, and was thus caused to move in a horizontal plane and its further 

extremity to strike a bell suitably adjusted. 

This arrangement is that which is alluded to in Professor Hall's letter* 
as having been exhibited to him in 1832. It was not, however, at that 
time connected with the long wire above mentioned^ but with a shorter 
one put up around the room for exhibition. 

At the time of giving my testimony, I was uncertain as to when I had 
first exhibited this contrivance, but have since definitely settled the fact' 
by the testimony of Hall and others that it was before I left Albany, and 
abundant evidence can be brought to show that previous to my going to 
Princeton in November, 1832, my mind was much occupied with the sub- 
ject of the telegraph, and that I introduced it in my course of instruction 
to the Senior class in the Academy. I should state, however, that the 
arrangement that! have described was merely a temporary one, and that 
I had no idea at the time of abandoning my researches for the practical 
application of the telegraph. Indeed, my experiments on the transmis- 
sion of power to a distance were superseded by the investigation of the 
remarkable phenomena, which I had discovered in the course of these 
experiments, of the induction of a current in a long wire on itself, and of 
which I made the first mention in a paper in Silliman's Journal in 1832, 
vol. xxu. 

I also devised a method of breaking a circuit, and thereby causing a 
large weight to fall. It was intended to illustrate the practicability of 
calling into action a great power at a distance capable of producing me- 

* See the Report of the Committee, page 06, and Prooeediogs of the Albaojr lostiiule, 
January, 18G8. 

1392. HENRY. (Reduced,) 
1-25 377 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

1397. Swan, William. On errors caused by imperfect inversion of the 

magnet, in observations of magnetic declination. (Trans. Roy. 
Soc. Edinburgh, Vol. 21, pp. 349-358) i plate. 4to. 

Edinburgh, 1857 
Formulae for calculating the error due to imperfect inversion of a declino- 
meter magnet. 

1398. Thury, (Jean Marc Antoine). Recherches sur Teclairage 

61ectrique. (Extract, Biblioth. Univers., Ser. IV, Vol. 36.) 14 
pp. I plate. 8vo. Geneva, 1857 

Electric light from primary batteries. 

1399. Volpicelli, Paolo. (1804-1879.) Sulla elettrostatica induzione. 

iv. comunicazione (Atti Accad. Pont. Nuovi Lincei, Vol. 10, 
pp. 280-310.) I plate. 4to. Rome, 1857 

Experiments in support of the theory of free and bound charges in elec- 
trostatics. 
— See also i432» 1536, 1560, 15871 i^SSt iSi^t I986> 2012, 2053, 2115, 3i55> 

1400. Weber, W(ilhelm Eduard) (1804-1891) and R(udolph Her- 

mann Arndt) Kohlrausch. (1809-1858.) Elektrodynamische 
Maasbestimmungen, insbesondere ZurueckfuehrungderStrom- 
intensitaets-Messungen auf mechanisches Mass. (Abh. 
Saechs. Ges. Wiss. Math.-Nat. Kl. Vol. 3, pp. 221-292.) L. 
8vo. Leipsig, 1857 

Absolute measurement of current-strength. 
— See also 11 10, 2964. 

Z40Z. Whitehouse, (Edward Orange) W(ildman). Experiments on 
the retardation of electric signals, observed in submarine con- 
ductors. (Reprinted from the Engineer, Vol. 3, pp. 62-64). 
7 pp. ill. 4to. (.London, 1857) 

Law of "square of length** as applied to the retardation of signals. Manu- 
script note on the above pamphlet by Latimer Qark. 
— Sec also 1433, 3709. 

140a. Window, Frederick Richard. On submarine electric telegraphs. 
With an abstract by Charles Manby. (Excerpt Minutes Proc. 
Instit. Civil Engin., Vol. 16.) 40 pp. 8vo. London, 1857 

Review and discussion of results, principally from an engineering point of 
view. 
— See also 1307. 

i4oabis. Allan, Thomas. Allan's systems of inland and submarine tel- 
egraphy. 79 pp. 8vo. London, (1858) 
Short communications to various papers on telegraphic matters from 1853- 
1858. 

i4oabi8 a. (Another edition.) 41 pp. 8vo. London, 1838 

— See also 1377. 

1403. D'Avezac (-Macaya), (Marie Armand Pascal). (1799-1875). 
Anciens temoinages historiques relatifs a la boussole. 11 pp. 
Svo. Paris, 1858 

Quotations from Guyot de Provins, Abbot Neckam and other ancient writers 
on the nlariner's compass. 
— See also 1478. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

1404. (Bain, Alexander.) (1818-1877.) Natural philosophy; elec- 

tricity. 105 pp. ill. i2mo. (Chambers's educational course.) 

London, 1858 
An electrical primer attributed to Alexander Bain. 
— See also 995. 

1405. Baudoiiin, F(elix) M(arie). Observations sur le mode d'etab- 

lissement des lignes tel6graphiques sous-marins. 31 pp. 8vo. 

Paris, 1858 
Construction and submergence of cables. 
1406 Becquerel, (Antoine Cesar) (1788-1878) and A(lexandre) 
£(dmond) Becquerel. (1820-1891.) R6sum6 de Thistoire de 
Telectricite et du magn^tisme et des applications de ces 
sciences a la chimie, aux sciences naturelles et aux arts. 
xvi+300 pp. 8vo. Paris, 1858 

Each chapter is followed by the bibUograpky of the subject treated. 
— See also 882, 1439. 

1407. Bellavitis» Giusto. (1803-1880.) Sperienze fatte per verificare 
se vi possono essere in un medesimo conduttore correnti 
elettriche simultanee ed opposte. (Atti Accad. Veneto Sc, 
1857-1858, pp. 147-154.) 8vo. Venice, 1858 

Note on the co-existence of two oppositely-directed currents in the same 
conductor. 

1408. Sulle correnti elettriche simultanee ed opposte lungo uno 

stesso conduttore; sopra una nuova maniera per trasmettere 
contemporanemente due dispacci in direzioni opposte med- 
iante un solo filo telegrafico; e sopra un facile modo applicare 
I'apparecchio telegrafico alia notazione delle osservazioni 
astronomiche. (Atti Accad. Veneto Sc, 1857-1858, pp. 113- 
125.) 8vo. Venice, 1858 

Note on the principle of duplex telegraphy. 

1409. Berdan, H. (Letter concerning improved apparatus for laying 

telegraph cables.) 10 pp. 8vo. New York, 1838 

1410. Blasema, Pietro. Ueber den inducirten Strom der Nebenbat- 

terie. (Sitz. Her. Akad. Wiss. Math.-Nat. Kl., Vol. 32, 
pp. 25-68.) 4to. Vienna, 1858 

Inductive effects in multiple circuits. 

— See also 1442. 

X411. (Brett, John Watkins.) (1805-1863) On the origin and progress 
of the oceanic electric telegraph, with a few brief facts and opin- 
ions of the press. 104 pp. 8vo. London, 1838 

History of the author's pioneer efforts in submarine telegraphy with original 

documents. 
1411a. On the origin and progress of Brett's submarine and sub- 
terranean electric telegraph; with a few brief facts and the 
opinions of the press. 175 pp. 8vo. London, (1838) 

— Sec also 3053. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

141a. Briggs, Charles F(rcdcric) (1804-1877) & Augustus Maverick. 
Story of the telegraph and a history of the Great Atlantic 
Cable; a complete record of the inception, progress, and final 
success of that undertaking. A general history of land and 
oceanic telegraphs. Descriptions of telegraphic apparatus, 
and biographical sketches of the principal persons connected 
with the great work. 255 pp. ill. map. portr. lamo. 

New York, j8s8 

The finAnce, tcience, and history of the cable of 1858. 
14x3. Chalmers, Charles. Electro-chemistry, with positive results, and 
notes for inquiry on the sciences of geology and astronomy; 
with a tract of miscellanies. 100 pp. ill. 8vo. London, iS^S 

Inquiry into the nature of the two Idndt of electricity; charged Ions, p. 3, 

close approach to the eUctronic theory, p. 14. 

—See also laoo. 

X4X4. Delamarche, A. £l6ments de t616graphie sous-marine, premiere 
partie: fitudes g6n6rales; route k suivre; construction du cable, 
difficult^s 61ectriques; construction du cable, difficult^s 
m^caniques; Amission du cable. Deuxi^me partie; Pose du 
cable transatlantique entre I'lrlande et Terre-Neuve. viii-|-8o 
pp. 8vo. Paris, 1858 

Electrical and mechanical requirements of a submarine cable and manner 
of laying it. The author was on board the U. S. steam-frigate Niagara 
while engaged in paying out a section of the first Atlantic cable, 

14x5. Du Moncelf Th(6odose Achille Louis). (1821-1884.) fitude du 
magn^tisme et de I'^lectro-magn^tisme au point de vue de la 
construction des 61ectro-aimants. 268 pp. ill. i plate. 8vo. 

Paris, 185S 
Describes various magnetic theories and discusses the derelopment of mag- 
netism in electro-magnets with respect to their shape, massiveness and 
strength of current; also the law of distance; the book embodies the results 
of much original work. 
—See also XJ23. 

X416. Jamin, J(ules C61estin). (1818-1886.) Cours de physique de 
r6cole polytechnique. 3 vols. ill. i plate. 8vo. 

Paris, i8s8-j866 

Standard work containing a mathematical and experimental treatment of the 
phenomena and laws of magnetism and electricity. 
— See also 3947. 

X4X7. Kane, Elisha Kent. (1822-1857.) Magnetical observations in 
the Arctic Seas made during the second Grinnell expedition 
in search of Sir John Franklin in 1853, 1854, and 1855, at Van 
Rensselaer harbor and other points on the west coast of 
Greenland. Reduced and discussed by Charles A. Schott. 
66 pp. pi. 4to. (Smithsonian Contributions to Knowledge.) 

. Washington, 1858 

Magnetic elements and their changes: polar aurorae. 
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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

1418. Laming, Richard. New view of electrical action based upon 

the assumption that electricity is the only ponderable element 
in nature; in a series of arithmetical essays. 94 pp. i2mo. 

London, iSsS-^iSsp 
The new views are tnsed on the assumption that electricity is the only 
element in nature having weight. 
— See also 961. 

1419. Lawrence, Richard Moore. On localized galvanism applied to 

the treatment of paralysis and muscular contractions, xi-l-164 
pp. i2mo. London, 1858 

— See also 1263. 
1430. Lloyd, Humphrey. (1800-1881.) On the determination of the 
intensity of the earth's magnetic force in absolute measure 
by means of the dip-circle. (Trans. Roy. Irish Acad., Vol. 23, 
pp. 535-542.) 4to. Dublin, 1858 

Paper of theoretical and practical magnetic interest. 
—See also 1023. 

Z4az. Longbridge, J(ames) A(tkinson) & C. H. Brooks. On the 
submerging of telegraphic cables. 43 pp. 8vo. (Instit Civil 
Engin.) London, 1858 

Mathematical discussion. 

1433. Matteuccif C(arlo). (1811-1868.) Cours d'^lectro-physiologie 
professe k I'Universitd de Pise en 1856. 177 pp. 2 plates. 8vo. 

Paris, J858 
Physiological effects of electricity; electric fishes. 
— Sec also 985. 

1433. Meyer, W. H. Th(eodor). Beobachtungen ueber das geschich- 
tete elektrische Licht sowie ueber den Einfluss des Magneten 
auf dasselbe, nebst Anleitung zur experimentellen Darstel- 
lung in fraglichen Erscheinungen. 29 pp. 4to. Berlin, 1858 
Phenomena of Geissler tubes: stratification of the discharge; influence of a 
magnetic field. 

1424. Mousson, (Joseph Rudolph Albert). (1805-1890.) Die Physik 

auf Grundlage der Erfahrung. 4 vols. 32 plates. 8vo. 

Zurich, 1858-1868 

1425. Mullaly, John. The laying of the cable; or, The ocean tel- 

egraph; being a complete and authentic narrative of the 
attempt to lay the cable across the entrance to the Gulf of 
St. Lawrence in 1855, and of the three Atlantic telegraph 
expeditions of 1857 and 1858. 329 pp. ill. map. 8vo. 

New York, 1858 
— See also 1329. 

1426. Neumann, (Carl Gottfried). Explicare tentatur quomodo fiat 

ut lucis planum polarizationis per vires electricas vel mag- 
neticas declinetur. 13 pp. 4to. (Inaugural dissertation.) 

Halle, 1858 
Action of a magnetic field on the plane of polarization: mathematical treat- 
ment. 
— See also i7»7' 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

1447. Plana, Giovanni Antonio Amedeo. (i 781-1864.) Memoire sur 
I'application du principe de T^quilibre magnetique a la deter- 
mination du mouvement qu'une plaque horizontale de cuivre, 
tournant uniformement sur elle-meme imprime par reaction 
ou a une aiguille aimantee assujettie a lui demeurer parallele; 
ou a une aiguille d'inclinaison mobile dans un plan vertical 
fixe. (Mem. Accad. Torino, Ser. II, Vol. 17, pp. 101-197.) 4to. 

Turin, 1858 
Currents induced by a magnet in a rotating copper disc: mathematical paper. 
— Sec also 1084. 

1428. Rowett, William. The new submarine telegraph cable; the reg- 

ulation of its specific gravity and its true construction and 
submersion explained, showing its easy adaptation to deep sea 
as well as to shallow waters, and at a great diminution of 
expense. 43 pp. 8vo. London, 1858 

Ocean currents and density of sea-water; difficulties of laying cables, specific 

gravity of cable. 

— See also i6ai. 

1429. Smellie, James. A few observations on the influences of elec- 

tro-galvanism in the cure of chronic rheumatism and other 
complaints, xii-f 143 pp. i2mo. London, 1858 

1430. Soret, (Jacques) L(ouis). (1827-1890.) Recherches sur la cor- 

relation de I'electricite dynamique et des autres forces 
physiques. 88 pp. 2 plates. 4to. Geneva, 1858 

Considerations on the heat-equivalent of the work both external and internal, 
done by the electric current. 
— See also 3420. 

1431. Willigen, V(olkert) S(imon) M(aarten) van der. (1822-1878.) 

Over het electrisch spectrum. (Versl. Akad. Wetensch. Am- 
sterdam, Vols. 7 & 8.) i4-f6-t-20-f20-|-8-f7 PP. 8vo. 

Amsterdam, 1858^1859 
Researches on the spectrum of the electric light. 
— Sec also 1304. 

143a. Volpicelli, P(aolo). (1804-1879.) Sugli elettrometri. (Atti 
Accad. Nuovi Lincei, Vol. xl, pp. 37-54+11 4-1 24-1-253-264+ 
311-317+423-431.) 4to. Rome, 1858 

Description and theory of various electroscopes. 
— Sec also 1399. 

1433. Whitchousc, Edward Orange Wildman. The Atlantic telegraph, 
the rise, progress, and development of its electrical depart- 
ment. 28 pp. 8vo. London, 1858 
Introduction of gutta-percha, effect of induction, cable troubles. 
— See also 1401. 

Z434. "Atlanticus." Plans for depositing the electric telegraph on 
the bed of the Atlantic Ocean. 13 pp. pi. 8vo. London, 1838 
The plan necessitates eight steamboats in attendance on the thip that carries 
the cable. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

1435. "Sunnsrsidc.'* The true alliance; or, the history of the trans- 

atlantic cable uniting Britain with America. 48 pp. i map. 
i2mo. {1858?) 

The Atlantic plateau and laying of the first Atlantic cable. 

i435bis. Allan, Thomas. Allan's system of national telegraphic com- 
munications. 56 pp. 8vo. London, {1859) 

A series of letters written to different public men in 1858 on sub-oceanic 

telegraphy. 

— Sec also 1377. 

1436. Bache, A(lexander) D (alias). (1806-1867.) Discussion of 

magnetic and meteorological observations. (1840-1845.) 12 
parts. 20+26+14+76+70+41 pp. 4to. (Smithsonian Con- 
tributions to Knowledge.) Washington, 1859^1864 

The observations were made at Girard College, Philadelphia, in codperation 

with a plan of work adopted by British colonial observatories; discussion of 

the decennial period. 

— See also 3700. 

1437. Bacon, Roger. (1214-1294.) Opera quaedam hactenus inedita. 

Published by the authority of the Lords commissioners of 
Her Majesty's treasury, under the direction of the master 
of the rolls. Vol. I. (all published). (Halftitle:) Rerum 
britannicarum medii aevi scriptores, or, Chronicles and me- 
morials of Great Britain and Ireland during the Middle Ages. 
cii+573 pp. 8vo. London, 1859 

This volume contains the Opus Tertium, Opus Minus and Compendium Philo- 
sophiae; valuable preface by Professor Brewer, References to Petrus Pere- 
grinus, pp. 35, 43, 46 (see also No. 46); also to the magnet, p. 537. 
— See also 280. 

1438. Beardmore, Septimus. The Globe Telegraph: an essay on the 

use of the earth for the transmission of electric signals. 47 
pp. 8vo. London, ii8s9) 

Working current derived from plates of copper and zinc buried in the earth 

at the ends of a telegraph line. 

— See also 1481. 

1439. Becquerel, (Alexandre) £(dmond). (1820-1891.) Recherches 

sur divers effets lumineux qui resultent de Taction de la 
lumiere sur les corps; premier, deuxi^me et troisi^me me- 
moires. 5 plates. 8vo. Paris, 1859 

Researches on phosphorescence, the author's phosphoroscope. 

1440. Recherches sur les causes de Telectricite atmospherique et 

terrestrc. 142 pp. 2 plates. 4to. Paris, 1859 

Electric effects due to the contact of land and water. 
— See also 11 12, 1310, 1406, 2927. 

1441. Bertelli, Timoteo. (1826-1905.) Registratore meteorologico 
elettro-scrivente. 26 pp. 4 plates. 8vo. Bologna, 1859 

Self-registering apparatus for a meteorological station. 
— Sec also 1311, i7iif i792» 37»7' 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

144a. Blaserna, Pietro, Ernst Mach & J(ulius) Peterin. Ueber 
clektrische Entladung und Induction. (Sitz. Ber. Akad. Wiss. 
Math.-Nat. KL, Vol. 37» PP- 477-524) 4to. Vienna, 1859 

Inductive efiPects in neighboring circuits. 
— See also 14 10, 1779, 2157. 

1443. Boncompagni, (also Buoncompagni) (Ludovisi) Baldassare. 

(1821-1894.) Intorno ad un'opera di Ristoro d'Arezzo. Pub- 
blicata dal E. Narducci. 8 pp. 4to. Rome, 1859 

This tract of Ristoro d'Arezzo, said to have been written in isSj, contains 
a distinct reference, p. 7, to the use of the magnet for navigadng purposes. 
— See also 1094. 

1444. Bo8scha» J(ohanncs) (The younger). Over cene algemeene 

eigenschap der lincairc verdeeling van galvanische stroomen. 
(Vcrsl. Akad. Wctensch. Amsterdam, Vol. 9, pp. 53-58.) 8vo. 

Amsterdam, 1859 
Division of the electric current. 

X445.— — Over dc bepaling van het mechanisch aequivalent der 
warmte door galvanische metingen. (Versl. Akad. Wetcnsch. 
Amsterdam, Vol. 9, pp. 59-68.) 8vo. Amsterdam, 18 S9 

Electric determination of the mechanical equivalent of heat. 
— See also 1276. 

Z446. Breton, Philippe & Alphonse Beau de Rochas. Theorie me- 
canique des tel^graphes sous-marins, recherches sur leurs 
conditions d'^tablissement. 72 pp. " pi. 8vo. Paris, 1839 

Inquiry into the best conditions for laying submarine cables. 

1447. Castro, Manuel Fernandez de. (1825-1895.) L'electricit6 et les 

chemins de fer, description et examen de tous les systemes 
proposes pour eviter les accidents sur les chemins de fer au 
moyen de Telectricit^, pr^c^d^s d'un r6sum6 historique el6- 
mentaire de cette science et de ses principales applications. 
2 vols. ill. tab. 8vo. Paris, 1859 

Electric signaling and the prevention of railway accidents. 

1448. Cox, Homersham. Submergence of telegraph cables. (Civil 

Engin. & Archit. Journ. Vol. 22, pp. 317-321.) 4to. 

London, 1859 
Incidents that occurred while laying the Atlantic Cable; log of the Agamem- 
non, Also note on the stratified discharge by John Peter Gassiot. 

1449. Deffand, (Marie de Vichy Chamroud) du. (1697-1780.) Cor- 

respondence in^dite de Mme. du Deffand; pr6c6dee d'une 
notice par le marquis de Sainte-Aulaire. 2 vols. 8vo. 

Paris, 1859 
Early reference to an electric dial-telegraph. 

1450. Dc la Rive, (Auguste Arthur). (1801-1873.) Rapport sur les 

travaux de la Societe de Physique et d'Histoire Naturellc de 

384 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

Geneve de Juillet 1858 a Juin 1859. (M6m. Soc. Phys. d'Hist. 

Nat. Geneve, Vol. 15, pp. 233-257.) 4to. Geneva, 1859 

References to Volpicelli's work on induction; also the author's experiments 
on electrical discharge in rarefied media. 
— See also 818. 

145 1. Dickson, John. Unity of the physical sciences; being an in- 
quiry into the causes of gravitation and polarity, with an 
application of the results to some of the principal phe- 
nomena in each of the physical sciences. viii-|-87 pp.* 8vo. 

London, 1859 
Undulating polarity is the cause of electricity; constant polarity produces 
magnetism. 

145a. Du Moncel, Th(eodose Achille Louis). (1821-1884.) Notice 
sur Tappareil d'induction electrique de Ruhmkorff suivie d'un 
memoire sur les courants induits. Fourth edition, x-f-400 pp. 
ill. 8vo. Paris, 1859 

Experimental examination of the nature of the induced current. 

Z45aa. Fifth edition, xii+400 pp. ill. 8vo. Paris, 1867 

i453» Revue des applications de I'electricite en 1857 et 1858. 592 

pp. 3 plates. 8vo. Paris, 1859 

Supplement to the author's work in three volumes on the industrial applica- 
tions of electricity covering the period 1857-1858; it treats of batteries, 
writing telegraphs, electric clocks, electric lamps, lightning-arresters. 
— See also 1223. 

1454. Ganot, A(dolphe). (1804-1887.) Cours de physique exp6ri- 

mentale et sans mathematiques i I'usage des gens du monde. 
530 pp. ill. 8vo. Paris, 1859 

The author's well known popular class-book on natural philosophy. 
14543.^ — (English translation.) Elementary treatise on physics, ex- 
perimental and applied. Translated by E. Atkinson. Second 
edition, revised and enlarged, vii-f-799 pp. ill. pi. 8vo. 

London, 1867 
— See also 1356. 

1455. Gassiot, J(ohn) P(eter). (1797-1877.) On the stratified elec- 

trical discharge as affected by a movable glass ball. (Civil 
Engin. & Archit. Jour. Vol. 22, p. 322.) 4to. London, 1859 
Stratifications in a carbonic acid tube well developed at negative terminals, 
but indistinct and intermingled towards the positive end. 
— See also 1641, 2819. 

1456. Grenet. — Notice sur la pile electrique de M. Grenet dans les 

applications chirurgicales et sur les operations que Ton peut 
faire avec cet instrument. Suivie de la description de son 
anse coupante a temperature constante. 39 pp. ill. 8vo. 

Paris, 1859 
• The battery referred to is of the bichromate of potash type. 

1457. Hamel, (Joseph), (i 788-1 862.) Historical account of the in- 

troduction of the galvanic and electro-magnetic teleg^raph into 

38s 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

England with comments thereon by W(illiara F(othergill) 
Cooke. 79+xv. pp. i2mo. London, 1859 

Chronological data about the electrical work of Soemmering, Schilling, Zam- 

boni and Romagnosi; short account of the introduction of the electric tel* 

egraph into England by Cooke and Wheatstone. 

— See also 3186. 

1458. Hanstccn, (Christopher). (1784-1873.) Reduction des obser- 

vations magnetiques de (Alexandre) £(dmond) Quetelet. 
(Bull. Acad. Sc, Belgique, N. S. Vol. 8, pp. 314-322.) 8vo. 

Brussels, 1859 
Determination of the horizonal magnetic component at Brussels. 
— See also 756. 

1459. Herachel, (Sir) J(ohn) F(rederick) W(illiam) (1791-1871) & 

R(obert) Main. (1808-1878.) A manual of scientific enquiry; 
prepared for the use of Her Majesty's Navy and adapted for 
travellers in general. Third edition superintended by R(ob- 
ert) Main, xviii+429 pp. pi. i2mo. London, 1859 

Articles on astronomy by Prof. Airy; tides by Prof. Whewell; terrestrial 

magnetism by Major-General Sabine, and earthquake phenomena by Robert 

Mallet. 

— See also 2578. 

1460. Lobb, Harry William. On the curative treatment of paralysis 

and neuralgia and other affections of the nervous system with 
the aid of galvanism. Second edition. viii-fiS^ pp. ill. 
i2mo. London, 1859 

1461. Maury, M(atthew) F(ontaine). (1806-1873). Physical geog- 

raphy of the sea. New edition, xxiv+352 pp. 13 charts. 

i2mo. London, 18 $9 

This edition contains a chapter on the laying of the Atlantic cable. 
— See also 4542. 

1462. Narducci, Enrico. (1832-1893.) La composizione del mondo 

di Ristoro d'Arezzo testo Italiano del 1282. lxxxiii+384 PP. 
8vo. Rome, i8s9 

Early reference by Ristoro d'Arezzo to the mariner's compass, p. 10. 

1463. Noad, Henry M(inchin). (181 5-1 877.) Manual of electricity, 

including galvanism, magnetism, diamagnetism, electro-dyna- 
mics, magneto-electricity, and the electric telegraph. Fourth 
edition, iv+910 pp. ill. 8vo. London, 1859 

Extensive experimental treatment of the subject, preceded by a brief his- 
torcal sketch; first edition 1855. (See No. 5526.) 
— See also 1065. 

1464. Reitlinger, Edmund. (i830?-i882.) Ueber fluessige Isolatoren 

der Elektricitaet. (Sitz. Ber. Akad. Wiss. Math.-Nat. KL, 
Vol. 35» pp. 73-104.) 8vo. Vienna, 1859 

Paper on the use of certain liquids as insulators. 
— Sec also 1498, 1553, 1582, 3360. 

1465. Rowell, G(eorge) A(ugustus). Essay on the cause 6f rain and 

its allied phenomena. viii-t-i66 pp. i plate. 8vo. Oxford, 1859 
Interesting matter on the various phenomena of electric storms: the author's 

386 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

theory, p. 17; Beccaria*s experiments, p. 30; extracts from Beccaria's work 
on atmospheric electricity, p. 408. (See No. 375.) 
— See also 1500, 1955, 2254, 2389, 3738. 

1466. Scoresby, W(illiam). (1789-1857.) Journal of a voyage to 

Australia and round the world, for magnetical research; 
edited by Archibald Smith, xlviii -1-96+315 pp., map, portr., 
tab. diagrs. 8vo. London, 1859 

In the introduction, Mr. Archibald Smith gives a brief history of the devia- 
tion of the compass and discusses the methods in use for its correction. This 
is followed by Scoresby's exposition of the disturbance which the compass 
experiences in iron ships. 
— See also 805. 

1467. Shaffncr, Tal(iaferro) P(reston). (181&-1881.) Telegraph 

manual, a complete history and description of the semaphoric, 
electric and magnetic telegraphs of Europe, Asia, Africa and 
America ancient and modern. 850 pp. ill. 10 portraits. 8vo. 

New York, 1859 
Includes detailed description of the laying of the first Atlantic cable. 
— See also 3206. 

1468. Sonntag, August. Observations on terrestrial magnetism in 

Mexico. With notes and illustrations of an examination of 
the volcano Popocatepetl and its vicinity. 84 pp. i plate. 
4to. (Smithsonian Contributions to Knowledge.) 

Washington, 1859 
The magnetical observations were made by Mr. Sonntag, with a set of instru- 
ments furnished by the Smithsonian Institution to Baron von Mueller. 
— See also 3139. 

1469. Tomlinson, Charles. (1808-1897.) The thunderstorm; an ac- 

count of the properties of lightning and of the atmospheric 
electricity in various parts of the world, xii+348 pp. ill. i2mo. 

London, {1859) 
Work replete with facts and information; magnetic effects of lightning, p. 
71; aurora borealls, p. 303. 
— See also 948. 

1470. Willigcn, V(olkert) S(imon) M(aarten) van der. (1822-1878.) 

Over de kleur eener blaauw aangeloopen stalen veer in 
gepolariseerd licht. (Versl. Akad. Wetensch., Amsterdam. 
Vol. 9, pp. 257-264.) 8vo. Amsterdam, 1859 

Brief statement of the properties of polarized light. 
— See also 1304. 

1471. Rees, R(ichart) van. (1797-1875.) Ober dc zijdclingsche 

ontlading der electriciteit. (Extract, Versl. Akad. Wetensch., 
Amsterdam, Vol. 9.) 10 pp. 8vo. Amsterdam, 1859 

The Leyden jar discharge. 
— See also 3153. 

147a. (West, Charles.) (1816-1898.) The story of my life; by the 
submarine telegraph. 96 pp. 8vo. London, 1859 

Humorous production containing many curious facts. 
— See also 3271. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

1473. Wilson, George. (18x8-1859). Progress of the telegraph. 60 

pp. i2mo. Cambridge, 1859 

Lecture of literary merit on the electric telegrtph. 
— See also 1344. 

1474. Window, F(rederick) R(ichard). The Atlantic and South 

Atlantic telegraphs. 32 pp. 8vo. London, i8s9 

Some causes of the failure of the 1858 cable; construction and submergence 
of the cable. 
— See also 1307. 

1475. Zantedeschi, Francesco. (1797-1873.) L'elettromagnetismo 

rivendicato a Giandomenico Romagnosi, e all* Italia. (Extract 
Corrisp. Scient. V, Roma 1859, pp. 245-250.) 16 pp. 8vo. 

Trent, 1859 
Vindication of the claim of Romagnosi to the discovery in 1802 of the mag- 
netic action of a battery current. 
— See also 950. 

1476. Allan, Thomas. Allan's systems of cheap telegraphy. 12+17 

pp. i2mo. London, 1860-1861 

Government ownership of telegraphs; telegraphic reform. 
— See also 1377. 

1477. Ansted, D(avid) T(homas). (1814-1880.) The bottom of the 

Atlantic and the first laying of the electric telegraph cable. 
24 pp. 8vo. Guernsey, i860 

1478. D'Avezac (-Macaya, Marie Armand Pascal.) (1799-1875.) 

Apergus historiques sur la boussole et ses applications a 
Tetude des phenomenes du magnetisme terrestre. (Bull. Soc. 
Geograph. Vol. 19, pp. 346-361.) 8vo. Paris, i860 

Magnetic discoveries of Petrus Peregrinus, 
— See also 1403. 

1479. Babinet, (Jacques.) (i 794-1872.) £tudes et lectures sur les 

sciences d'observation et leurs applications pratiques. Vol. 

vi. i6mo. Paris, i860 

These studies contain a paper of considerable literary merit on terrestrial 
magnetism. (Complete in 7 vols., i855>i863.) 

1480. Baxter, H(enry) F(orster). On organic polarity; shewing a 

connection to exist between organic forces and ordinary polar 
forces. viii+x87 pp. i2mo. London, i860 

Electricity is said to be due to animal and vegetable life. 
— See also 2955. 

1481. Beardmore, Septimus. Terra-voltaism as applied to submarine 

telegraphs. 51 pp. i2mo. London, i860 

A "terra-voltaic" couple consists of a plate of zinc and another of copper 
sunk in the ground. 
— See also 1438. 
1483. Bezold, Wilhelm (Johann Friedrich) von. (1837-1907.) Zur 
Theorie des Condensators. 60 pp. 8vo. (Inau^ral disserta- 
tion.) Gottingen, i860 
Mathematical theory of condensers. 
— See also 3430. 

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CATALOGUE OP WHEELER GIFT 

Z483. Charault, R. Recherches sur la deperdition de rdlectricit^ 
statique par I'air et les supports. ^^ pp. 4to. (Th&se.) 

Paris, i860 
Loss of electric charge on s conductor due to its supports and the surround*^ 
ing air. 

1484. Clement, K(nut) J(ongbohn). (1803-1873.) Das grossc Nord- 

licht, 29. August 1859, und die Telcgraphenverwirning in 
Nordamerika und Europa. 121 pp. 8vo. Hamburg, i860 

The aurora borealis of August 39, 1859 and its effect on the telegraph system 

of the world. 

1485. Comstock, John Lee. (1789-1858.) Manual of natural philos- 

ophy. With questions for examinations and an appendix of 
problems. New edition, edited and largely augmented by 
R. D. Hoblyn. xvi+525 pp. ill. i plate. l2mo. London, i860 
Short chapter on electricity and magnetism. 
— See also 1170. 

i486. Du Moncel, Th(^odose Achille Louis). (1821-1884.) £tude des 
lois des courants 61ectriques au point de vue des applications 
^lectriques. x+201 pp. 8vo. Paris, i860 

Application of Ohm's law to the arrangement of cells as required to meet 

various practical conditions. 

1487. Recherches sur la non-homog6n6it6 de T^tincelle d'induction. 

115 pp. ill. 8vo. Paris, i860 

The discharge of an induction coil under varying conditions. 
— See also 1223. 

1488. Faraday, Michael, (i 791-1867.) Course of six lectures on the 

various forces of matter and their relations to each other, 
edited by William Crookes. Second edition, vi+179 pp. ill. 
i2mo. London, i860 

This edition has a short preface by (Sir) William Crookes. 
Z488a. (Another edition.) 200 pp. ill. i2mo. London, {1^74) 

— See also 787. 

1489. Flachat, Eugene. (1802-1873.) De la travers^e des Alpes par 

un chemin de fer. xv+294 pp. ill. 3 plates. 8vo. Paris, i860 
Work of purely engineering interest. 

1490. Gill, Joseph. An essay on the thermodynamics of elastic fluids. 

xvi+97 pp. ill. 8vo. London, 1860-1861 

General application of thermodynamical theory to heat-engines. 

Z491. Lamont, (Johann) von. (1805-1879.) Sur le magn^tisme ter- 
restre et Taurore boreale. (Lettre i (Lambert) Ad(olphe 
Jacques) Quetelet). (Extract Bull. Acad. Sc, Belgique, Ser. 
II. Vol. 8.) 31 pp. 8vo. Brussels, i860 

A possible explanation of the relation existing between sun-spots and mag- 
netic disturbances. 

1492. Magnetisme terrestre. (Extract, Bull. Acad. Sc, Belgique, 

Ser. II, Vol. 9.) 4 pp. 8vo. Brussels, {1860?) 

Note on the annual variation of the horizontal component of the earth's 
magnetic force. 
— See also 1049. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

1493. Nichols J(ohn) P(ringle). (i804?-i8s9.) Cyclopaedia of the 

physical sciences, comprising acoustics, astronomy, dynamics, 
electricity, heat, hydrodynamics, magnetism, philosophy of 
mathematics, meteorology, optics, pneumatics, statics, etc. 
Second edition, ix+903 pp. ill. maps, pi. 8vo. London, i860 
Among the contributors to this encyclopaedia were Professors William Rowan 
Hamilton, Rankine, Stokes and Thomson (Lord Kelvin). 

1494. NickUs, (Francois Joseph) J(cr6me). (1820-1869.) Les 61ec- 

tro-aimants et Tadh^rence magnetique. vii+302 pp. 5 plates. 
8vo. Paris, j86o 

The construction of electro-magnets with numerous original observations. 
— See also 1265. 

1496. Preece, (Sir) William Henry. On the maintenance and dura- 

bility of submarine cables in shallow waters. With an ab- 
stract of the discussion upon the paper by Charles Manby and 
James Forrest. (Extracts, Proc. Instit. Civil Engin. Vol. 20.) 
824-28+14 pp. I plate. 8vo. London, 1860-1862 

Remarks by Siemens, Latimer Qark, Sir Charles Bright, Willoughby Smith 
on the durability of gutta percha and the failure of cables. 
— See also 1580, 1604, 1619, 1652, 1998, 2249, 2278, 3556. 

1497. Prescott, George B(artlett). (1831-1894.) History, theory and 

practice of the electric telegraph, xii-l-468 pp. ill. 8vo. 

Boston, i860 
The aurora borealis, p. 309; auroral current used in signaling, p. 318; tel- 
egraphic chronology, p. 404; poems on telegraphic subjects, pp. 232 and 352. 
— See also 2045, 2097, 2164, 2372, 2378, 5077. 
I497t b^s* R^>> Publications.. Collections of 7 original articles in 
German. 8vo. 1860-18/s 

I. Schenk. Philipp Reis, der Erfinder des Telephones. 16 pp. ill. Frankfurt, 
a. M. 1878. — 2. Two advertisements signed Philipp Reis, one reads *'Das 
Telephon, 111.*'; the other is an invitation to subscribe for the apparatus. Both 
are dated Friedrichsdorf, August, 1863. — 3. Advertisement signed J. 
Wilhclm Albert, dealer in scientific apparatus, dated Frankfurt, a. M., August 
1863. — ^4. List of members of the Physical Society. Philipp Reis's name 
appears on page 5. — 5. Reis, Philipp. Ueber Tclephonie durch den galvani- 
schen Strom. (Jahresbericht des Physikalischen Vereins, Frankfurt a. M. 
1 860- 1 861, pp. 57-64) dated Dec. 1861. (This article bears a note as follows: 
"I hereby certify that I have personally been present at the telephonic sing- 
ing experiment of my friend Philipp Reis, mentioned in the above paper, and 
that I actiully took part in the experiment, which was made in the lecture 
(or experimental) room of our Physical Society." (Signed) Dr. Boettger, 
Frankfurt 25. Febr. 1880.— 6. Verzeichniss der physikalischen Apparate ver- 
fertigt bei J. Wilhelm Albert. 64 pp. Frankfurt a. M. 1866. Reis apparatus 
is listed on page 51 as No. 839, price fl. 21.00. — 7. Another edition of the 
former Verzeichniss (No. 6) 91 pp. ill. Frankfurt a. M. 1873. (Reis appara- 
tus is listed on page 67 as Nos. 957 and 958, with prices Rmk. 36.00 and 
45-O0.) 
— See also i532bis, 2059bis. 

1498. Reitlinger, Edmund. (i830?-i882.) Ueber Leitung der Elek- 

tricitaet. 27 pp. i2mo. Vienna, i860 

The beginnings of electric telegraphy; the "Scots Magazine," 1753 (see 
No. 378); Watson's Westminster-bridge experiment, 1747. (See No. 352.) 
— See also 1464. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

1499. Robinson, John. The Atlantic Ocean Telegraph from Ireland 

to Newfoundland, or the North Atlantic line via Faroe 
Islands, Iceland, Greenland and Labrador. 36 pp. map. 8vo. 

London, i860 
Difficulties attending the laying and working of an Atlantic cable. 

1500. Rowell, G(eorge) A(ugustus). A lecture on the storm in Wilt- 

shire, which occurred on the 30th of December, 1859. 45 pp. 

I plate. 8vo. Oxford, i860 

The author holds that electricity is the principal agent in all meteorological 
phenomena. 
— Sec also 1465. 

1501. Sainte-Anne, V^rard M. de, (also V^rard de Sainte-Anne). 

Ligne de telegraphe, Europe, Asie, Afrique, Oc^anie, Am6ri- 
que. Sections de Mossoul a Haiderabad, de Calcutta k 
Bangkok et Singapour. 32 pp. i map. 8vo. Paris, i860 

Brief description of the various sections of the Indo*European telegraph line 
with map. 

150a. Siemens, (Ernst) Werner (1816-1892) & (Sir) Charles Wil- 
liam Siemens, (1822-1883.) Outline of the principles and prac- 
tice involved in dealing with the electrical conditions of sub- 
marine electric telegraphs. 7 pp. 4to. London, i860 
Paper read at the British Association meeting of i860. (Autograph copy.) 

1502a. (The same paper.) (Civil Engin. & Archit. Journ. Vol. 23, 

pp. 264-269.) 4to. London, i860 

— See also 12 14, 1654. 

1503. Tucker, James. The reformed Roman or Oriental baths, re- 

viewed as thermo-electrical temples of health, with medical 
remarks on the nature and scientific treatment of cattle dis- 
temper by the hot air baths. 36 pp. 8vo. Dublin, i860 
Paper advocating the improvement of the sanitary condition of the people. 

1504. Willigen, V(olkert) S(imon) M(aarten) van der. (1822-1878.) 

Over de kleuren van gemengde plaatjes (mixed plates van 
Young). (Versl. Akad. Wetensch. Amsterdam, Vol. 10, pp. 
37-414.) I plate. 8vo. Amsterdam, i860 

Paper by the eminent Dutch physicist on interference phenomena. 

1505. Over electrische ontlading in het luchtledige. (Versl. Akad. 

Wetensch. Amsterdam, Vol. 10, pp. 291-296.) 8vo. 

Amsterdam, i860 
Electric discharge in vacuum tubes. 
— Sec also 1304. 

1506. Weisse, M(aximilian). (1798-1863.) Variation der Declination 
der Magnetnadel beobachtet in Krakau. (Denkschriften, 
Akad. Wiss. Math.-Nat. Kl.. Vol. 18, pp. 63-98.) 4to. 

Vienna, i860 
Observations of change in magnetic declination made at Cracow, 1839-1856. 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

1507. B6ron, Pierre (also Pctr. Berovich). (179^1871.) Lc fiuidc 

61ectrostatique contenant Texplication des faits electriques et 
^lectrochimiques de toutes les sciences. 820 pp. ill. Svo. 

Paris, 1861 
The phenomenm of electricity explained on the assumption that we are en- 
dowed with a special percipient organ. 

1508. Burnett, William Hickling. The electric telegraph; and the 

patented improvements thereon. 27 pp. Svo. London, 1861 
Account of the author's improvements in electric telegraphs. 

1509. Clark, (Josiah) Latimer. (1822-1898.) Experimental investi- 

gation of the laws which govern the propagation of the elec- 
tric current in long submarine telegraph cables. (Reprinted 
from Government Report on Submarine Cables, 1861.) 48 pp. 
I plate. Folio London, 1861 

Phenomena due to the passage of a current through submarine cables chiefly 
treated; retardation of signals. 
—Sec also 1566, 1715, 1934, 1970, aija. aa?*, 3897- 
I5xa Clark, (Josiah) Latimer (1822-1898) & (Sir) Charles (Tilston) 
Bright (1832-1888). On the principles which should be ob- 
served in the formation of standards of measurement of 
electrical quantities and resistance. (Atlantic and Govern- 
ment Report on Submarine Cables, pp. 49-50.) Folio. 

London, 1861 
The principles refer to the units of e. m. f., quantity, current and resistance. 
(See No. 3686a.) 
—See also 1509* 1639. 

15x1. Cochius, Hermann. (Koch.) De luce electrica. 66 pp. Svo. 
(Inaugural dissertation.) Berlin, 1861 

Nature of the spark discharge; also phenomena observed in vacuum tubes. 

151a. Dellmann, (Johann) F(riedrich) G(eorg). (1805-1870.) Elek- 
trische Untersuchungen. (Zeitschr. Math. Phys. Vol. 6, pp. 
246-260.) 8vo. Leipzig, j86i 

Paper on atmospheric electricity. 
— See also 1013. 

1513. Dircks, Henry. (1806-1873.) Pcrpetuum mobile; or Search 

for self-motive power during the 17th, i8th and 19th centuries. 
Illustrated from various authentic sources, in papers, essays, 
letters, paragraphs and numerous patent specifications. With 
an introductory essay. xli+SS8 pp. ill. I plate. i2mo. 

London, 1861 

Work embodying wide research: attempts at perpetual motion by means of 

magnets, pp. 5. 18, 329. 3671 394- 

— See also 1568. 

1514. Dodwell, Robert. Illustrated handbook to the electric tel- 

egraph. iv+8o pp. 8vo. 8 plates. 8vo. London, (1861) 

Popular treatment of the electric telegraph. 

1514a. Second edition. 80 pp. 8 plates. i2mo. London, 1862 

— See also 535^. 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

15x5. Dub, (Christoph) Julius. (1817-1873.) Der Elektromagnetis- 
mus. xxii+516 pp. ill. 8vo. Berlin, 186 1 

Electromagnetics and electro-magnetic instruments. 

1515a. —Die Anw.endung des Magnetismus, mit besonderer Berueck- 

sichtigung der neueren Telegraphie und der in der deutschen 
Telegraphen-Verwaltung bestehenden technischen Einrich- 
tungen. Second edition. (Zweite vollstaendig neu bearbeitete 
und unter Beruecksichtigung der Fortschritte der Wissen- 
schaft ergaenzte Auflage des vorstehenden Werkes.) xx+857 
pp. ill. 8vo. Berlin, 18/s 

— See also 1253. 

1516. Du Bois-Rejnnond, E(mil Heinrich). (1818-1896.) Zur The- 
orie der astatischen Nadelpaare. (Ann. Phys. Chem., Vol. 112, 
pp. 1-14.) I plate. 8vo. London, 1861 

Theory of the astatic pair of needles. (See No. 1903.) 
— See also 1x72. 

15x7. Eliaa, P. (1809-1878.) Over het vermogen der magneto-elec- 
trische machine. (Versl. Akad. Wetensch., Amsterdam, Vol. 
II, pp. 69-78.) 8vo. Amsterdam, 1861 

Theory of the author's famous "magneto-electric" machine. 
— See also 1015, 

1 518. Erckmann, Jules. £tablissement de lignes electriques sous- 

marines, sans cables sous-marins. 14 pp. 8vo. Paris, 1861 
The author recommends brass conductors for sub-fluvial cables. 

1519. Gavarret, (Louis Dominique) J(ules). (1809-1890.) Tele- 

graphie electrique. 428 pp. ill. i2mo. Paris, 1861 

General description of the principles and apparatus used in telegraphy. 
The earth used for the first time as return circuit, p. 2; O'Shaughnessy's 
cable of 1839, p. 25. 
— See also 1042. 

1520. Gloesener, M(ichael). (1794-1876.) Traite general des appli- 

cations de Telectricite. Vol I. 8vo. Paris, 1861 

The various systems of telegraphy and apparatus used described; lightning 
arresters, chronoscopes, etc. 
— See also 1095. 

1521. Gmelin, Leopold. (1788-1853.) Handbook of chemistry. 

Translated by Henry Watts. Second edition. Vol. L 4 
plates. 8vo. London, 1861 

A considerable part of the volume is devoted to such subjects as the rela- 
tion of light to magnetism; magnetic condition of all matter, phenomena of 
electrolysis. 

1523. Greiss, C(arl) B(ernhard). Zur Geschichte des Magnetismus. 

18 pp. 4to. (Programm.) Wiesbaden, 1861 

Historical sketch of ma^etism. 
1523. Guillemin, C(laude) M(arie). (1822-1890.) Recherches cxp^ri- 

mentales sur Tinduction Volta-electrique. 69 pp. i plate. 

4to. (Thftse.) Montpellier, 1861 

Induced currents: their properties and mode of production. 

— See also 2983. 

1-26 393 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

1514. Hankel, W(ilhelm) G(ottlieb). (1814-1899) Elektrischc Un- 
tersuchungen. Fuenfte & Sechste Abhandlung. Maasbestim- 
mungen der elektromotorischen Kraefte. Erstcr und Zweiter 
Teil. (Abh. Saechs. Ges. Wiss. Math.-N^t. KL. Vol. 6, pp. 
1-52; Vol.7» pp. 585-693.) 4to. Leipzig, 1861^1865 

Absolute determination of e. m. f. 
— See also 161 3, 2324, 3187. 

1535. Mari6-Davy, E(dme) H(ippolyte). (1820-1893.) Rccherchcs 
th^oriques et exp6nmentales sur T^lectricite consid^r^e au 
point de vue m^canique. 96 pp. 8vo. Paris, 1861 

The voltameter considered as a measurer of current-strength; also "velocity 
of electric propagation/' 

Z596.— — R^sum^ des recherches sur r^lectricit^. 60 pp. 8vo. 

Paris, 1861 
Abstracts of various memoirs on electricity written by the author. 
— See also 1182. 

zsa;. Matteucci, Carlo. (1811-1868.) Manuale di telegrafia elettrica. 
xi+394 pp. 3 tables. i2mo. Turin, 1861 

Chapters on military and submarine telegraphs. 
— See also 985. 

1538. Pepper, John Henry. (1821-1900.) Scientific amusements for 

young people, iv-f 124 pp. ill. i2mo. London, 1861 

The experiments are mainly chemical, electric and magnetic; Prof. Pepper 
was a popular lecturer and writer on elementary science. 
— See also 1751. 1874, i99if 3609. 

1539. Perrot, Adolphe. (1833-1887.) Recherches sur Taction 

chimique de T^tincelle d'induction de I'appareil Ruhmkorff. — 
Sur la nature de T^tincelle d'induction de I'appareil Ruhm- 
korflF. 65 pp. I plate. 4to. (Thise.) Paris, j86i 

The electrolytic effect of the spark from an induction coil. 

1530. Poey, AndrL Relation historique et th^orie des images photo- 

61ectriques de la foudre observ^es depuis I'an 360 de notre ere 
jusqu'en i860. Second edition, no pp. i6mo. Paris, 1861 
Photo-electric effects of lightning gathered from writers covering the fifteen 
centuries previous to the year i860. 
— See also 1370. 

1531. Predieri, P. C. Di alcuni autograft di Luigi Galvani ultimamente 

rinvenuti. (Mem. Accad. Sc, Bologna, Vol. 12, pp. 21-40.) 
4to. Bologna, 1861 

The author describes several manuscript works of Galvani relating to elec- 
trical matters. 

153a. Reis, (Johann Phillipp). (1834-1874.) Ueber Telephonie 
durch den galvanischen Strom. (Jahresber. Phys. Ver. Frank- 
furt a/M. 1860-1861, pp. 57-64.) ill. ^vo. Frankfort, 1861 

The author's telephone of 1861, the first successful attempt at transmiiHng 

sounds electrically. 

— See also 1497b, issabis, 2059bis. 

394 



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With the above principles as a foundation, I have succeeded in 
constructing an apparatus with which I am enabled to reproduce the 
tones of various instruments, and even to a certain extent the human 
voice. It is veiy simple, and by means of the figure will be easily 
understood from the following explanation : — 




In the cubical block of wood r 8 t u v w x there is a conical per- 
foration (7, closed at one end by a membrane b (pig's intestine) , upon 
the middle of which there is cemented a conducting strip of 
platinum ; this is connected with the binding screw p [auf deren 
Mitte ein stromleitendes Streifchen Platin festgekittet ist. Dieses 
steht mit der Elemme p in Yerbindung] . From the binding 
sqsew n, another thin strip of metal [ein dtinnes Metallstreifchen] 
extendi until over the middle of the membrane, and ends here in a 
fdttinam wire placed at right angles to its length and surface. 

From the binding screw jp, a conducting wire runs through the 
battery to distant station, being connected with a coil of silk-covered 
copper wire and this again is connected with a conductor leading 
back to the binding screw n. 

The coil at the distant station is about six inches long, is composed 
of six layers of fine wire, and, as a core in its centre, has a 
knitting-needle which projects about two inches at both ends. By 
means of the projecting ends, the coil rests upon two bridges of a 
resonant ca^e. (All this part can, of course, be replaced by 

I532bi8. REIS. {Translation of a portion of a paper by Reis, dated December, 1861.) 

395 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

Z539j*bis. Reis Publicatioiis: Collection of 53 articles from various 
periodicals, etc., as below. Those in foreign languages are 
translated into English. 1861^187/ 

I. Frankfurter Conversationsblatt, Not. 29, x86i. "Reproduction des Schales 
durch den galTEnischen Strom*' (Frankfurt). (Report of Reis'a lectures of 
October and November, 1861). — a. Jabresbericht des Pbysikalischen Vereina 
zu Frankfurt am Main, fuer das Rechnungsjahr 1860-1861, pp. 57-64 (Pub- 
lished in x86a). "On telephony by means of the galvanic circuit current, 
by Philipp Reis." (Reis's lectures revised by himself.)— 3. Jahresbericht dea 
Pbysikalischen Vereins su Frankfurt am Main: fuer das Rechnungsjahr 
x86x-i86j. Extract of the notice of the two lectures by Reis, Oct. a6 and 
Nov. x6, 1861.— 4. Die Fortachritte der Physik, XVII., for x86i, pp. 171-173. 
Article entitled "Ph. Reis: Telephony by means of the Electric current 
(Annual report of the Physical Society of Frankfort-on-the-Main, x 860-1 861, 
pp. 57-64)." — 5- Aus der Natur, VoL 21, pp. 470-474, Leipzig, 1862. (Abstract 
of Reis's Lecture of x86i, with quotations from it) — 6. Didaskalia, May 8 
and May 12, x86s. Extract copied from book of Sylvanus P. Thompson. 
(Reis exhibitions of May, 1862, before the Frei Deutsches Hochstift.) 
7. Zeitschrift des Deutsch-Oesterreichischen Telegraphen- Vereins Berlin, VoL 
9, pp. 125, i86j. Legat article^ — 8, 9, xo. Deutsche Industrie-Zeitung, 1863, 
Chemnitz. Three articles from different numbers: No. 16, p. 184, April, 17, 
1863; No. x8, p. 208, May i, 1863; No. 22, p. 249, May 29, 1863. — 11. Boett- 
ger's Polytechnisches Notizblatt, 1863, No 61, p. 81. "On the transmission of 
tones to any desired distance by means of electricity. (Apparently an abstract of 
Reis's lecture.) — is. Frankfurter Conversationsblatt, June 30, 1863. (Reprint of 
the Boettger article.) — 13. Dingler's Polytechnisches Journal, VoL 168, p. 185. 
(Reprint of the Boettger article.) — 14. Polytechnisches Contralblatt, 1863, pp. 
857-859* (Reprint of the Boettger article). — 15. Jahresbericht des Pbysikalischen 
Vereins zu Frankfurt-am-Main; fuer das Rechnungsjahr 1862-1863, p. 35. Mem- 
orandum of lecture of Reis, July 4, X863 — (the same) 1869-1870, p. a6. (Men- 
tion of the Reis lecture of x86i.) — x6. Reis's letter to Ladd, July 13, 1863. 
Original on the Library of the Society; printed in the Journal of the Society 
of Telegraph Engineers and Electricians, for March, 1863, No. 46. — 17. Re- 
port of British Association Meeting, from The Newcastle Daily Chronicle 
and Northern (bounties Advertiser, Saturday, August 29, 1863. (Refers to 
paper of Ladd, noted below.) — 18. The Civil Engineer and Architect's Journal, 
VoL 26, pp. 307-308, 1863. "Acoustic telegraph," by W. Ladd. A paper 
read to the British Association, 1863. — 19. Report of the thirty-third meeting 
of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, in August and 
September, 1863; published in 1864. — ^20. Prospectus of J. With. Albert, 
Frankfort-on-the-Main, August, 1863. — 21. Reis's circular of August, X863.— • 
22, Reis's descriptive circular, 9 August, 1863. — ^23. Dingler's Polytechnisches 
Journal, Vol. 169, p. 23. Reprint of Legat article. — 24. Boettger's Polytech* 
nisches Notizblatt, 1863, No. 5, p. 225. Boettger's account of Reis's improved 
apparatus, copied in the three following journals. — 25. Dingler's Polytech- 
nisches Journal, VoL 169, p. 399. — ^26. Die Fortschritte der Physik, 1863, p. 
96; and in 27. Dublin Medical Press, Oct. 14, 1863. — ^28. Cosmos. Weekly 
encyclopaedic review of the progress of the sciences, Paris, Dec. 25, X863, 
Vol. 23, p. 705. "Note by M. Koenig." — 29. Zeitschrift des Architectnr and 
Ingenieur Vereins (Journal of the Society of Architects and Engi- 
neers for the Kingdom of Hanover), VoL 12, p. 147. Dublin Medical 
Press article condensed. — 30. Die Gartenlaube (An illustrated weekly paper 
of Leiprig), No. 51, Dec 1863, "Der Musiktelegraph." Apparently an ab- 
stract of previous articles, with cuts. — 31. Cosmos. VoL 24, pp. 349, 352, 
Paris, March 22, 1864. Long article, purporting to be written from Koen- 
ig's establishment. — ^32. Portefeuille Economique des Machines, Paris, 1864, 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

Vol. 9, p. 10 1. Second Saint-Edme article. — 33* Tagesblatt der 29. Ver- 
samxnlung Deutscber Naturforscber, Giessen, September, 1864. From Sylvanus 
P. Tbompson's book, and there entitled "Extract from the Report of the 
German Naturalist's Society, beld at Giessen (1864). — 34. Proceedings of the 
Literary and Philosophical Society of Manchester, Published at Manchester, 
1865. Notice of Reis's telephone, by Prof. Qifton. — 35. Annalen der Chemie 
and Pharmacie, 1864-1865. Foot-note of Burr article. — ^36. Koenig's Descrip< 
tion of the Reis telephone. From Koenig's catalogue des appareils d'acou- 
stique. Paris, 1865, p. 5. — ^37. Pisko. Die neueren Apparate der Akoustik. 
Vienna, 1865, pp. 94 et seq. — 38. Pisko. Die neueren Apparate der Akoustik, 
Vienna, 1865, p. 341. The Reis prospectus. — 39. Handbuch der angewand- 
ten Elektricitaetslehre, von Karl Kuehn, 1865, pp. 1017-1021. — 40. Hessler de- 
scription of Reis telephone Hessler's Lehrbuch der technischen Physik 
(Technical Physics), Vienna, 1866, VoL i» p. 648. — 41. Catalogue of J. 
Wilh. Albert, Mechanician at Frankfort-on-the-Main, x866. (Contains illus- 
trations of Reis telephone.) 4a. "Electricity," by Robert M. Ferguson, Edin- 
burgh and London, 1867, p. 257. — ^43. Lehrbuch der Physik and Meteorologie 
(Text-book of Physics) von Job. Mueller. Siebente Auflage, Zweiter Band, 
1868, pp. 386-389. — 44. The Manufacturer and Builder, May 1869, Vol. i. 
No. 5, pp. 129, 130. Article by Dr. Van der Weyde on Reis telephone. — ^45. 
The Telegrapher, Vol. 5, No. 39. New York, 1869. (Reprint of Van der 
Weyde*s article.) — 46. American Association on Reis. Paper read by Dr. 
Van der Weyde at meeting of the American Association for the Advance- 
ment of Science, at Salem, August, 1869. — 47. Boston Daily Advertiser, Aug. 
as, 1869. Notice of the foregoing meeting. — ^48. The Wonders of electricity. 
Translated from the French of J. Bailie. New York: Scribner, Armstrong 
& Co., 187a, pp. Z40-143. — 49. Zoellner's Das Buch der Erfindungen, (jewerbe 
and Industrien; Leipzig, 1872. — 50. Albert's catalogue of 1873. — 51. Wiede- 
mann's Die Lehre vom Galvanismus, 1874, Vol. a, pp. 598, 599. — 5 a. Scien- 
tific American, March 4, 1876, Dr. Van der Weyde's second article. — 53. 
Official report of exhibition at South Kensington in 1876, edited by Dr. 
Rudolph Biedermann, published in 1877. Notice of the Reis apparatus 
exhibited. 
I53at bis. Reis Publications. Die Gartenlaube. Leipzig. No. 51, 
(December) 1863, pp. 807-809.— The Manufacturer and Build- 
er. New York. Vol. I, No. S, May. 1869, pp. 129-130. 

Leipzig, 1863; New York, 1869 
The article in the Gartenlaube describing and illustrating the Reis telephone, 
is apparently based upon previous publications; there were about 35 publi- 
cations on the subject prior to 1864. The illustrated article in the Manu' 
facturer and Builder on the Reis telephone is supposed to have been written 
by Dr. Van der Weyde. 
— See also i497bis. 

1533. Rcnard, N(icolas) A(im6). Theorie de Tinduction en partant 
de Thypoth^se d'un seul fluide. (Mem. Acad, de Stanislas.) 
34 pp. 8vo. Nancy, 1861 

Induced currents and mathematical theory. 
— See also 3362. 

X534< Saward, George. Deep-sea telegraphs: their past history and 
future progress. 48 pp. 8vo. London, 1861 

— See also 2102. 

1535. Sharpc, Benjamin. Treatise on the construction and submer- 
sion of deep-sea electric telegraph cables. 16 pp. 2 plates. 
8vo. London, i86j 

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CATALOGUE OF IV HEELER GIFT 

1536. Volpicclli, P(aolo). (1804-1879.) Sulla cicttricita dell* atmos- 

fera. (Extract, Atti Accad. Nuovi Lincei, Ann. 14.) 44 pp. 

4to. Rome, 1861 

Result of researches on atmospheric electricity, using points ftnd flames as 

collectors. 

— See also 1399. 

1537. Wiedemann, Gustav (Heinrich). (1826-1899.) Die Lehre vom 

Galvanismus und Elektromagnetismus nebst ihren technischen 
Anwendungen. 2 vols. ill. 8vo. Brunswick, 1861 

Text-book of electricity and magnetism. 
— See also 230s, 3219* 

1538. Bond, R. Handbook of the telegraph. Being a manual of tel- 

egraphy, telegraph clerk's remembrancer, and guide to candi- 
dates for employment in the telegraph service. 68 pp. ill. 
i2mo. London, 1862 

Manual of practical instruction. 
X538a. Second edition, revised and enlarged. To which is ap- 
pended questions on magnetism, electricity and practical tel- 
egraphy by W. McGregor. 178 pp. i2mo. (Weale's Rudi- 
mentary Series, No. 138.) London, 18/3 

1539. Crova, Andr6. Memoire sur les lois de la force 61ectromotrice 

de polarisation. 41 pp. i plate. 4to. (Th^se) Mets, 1862 

The e. m. f. of polarization was studied by means of a water voltameter. 

1540. Dub, (Christoph) Julius. (1817-1873.) Ueber den Einfluss der 

Dimensionen des Eisenkernes auf die Intensitaet der Elek- 
tromag^nete. 48 pp. 8vo. (Reprint Ann. Physik. Chem. 
Vol. lis.) 8vo. Berlin, 1862 

Brief research on the influence of the dimensions of the iron core of an 

electromagnet on the magnetism developed. 

— See also 1253. 

1541. Du Bois-Rejnnond, (Emil Heinrich). (i 818-1896.) Ueber den 

zeitigen Verlauf voltaelektrischer Induktionsstroeme. (Sitz. 

Ber. Akad. Wiss. Math.-Nat. KL, 1862, pp. 372-404.) 8vo. 

Berlin, 1862 
Mathematical theory of the induction coil. 
— See also 1172. 

1542. Elliot, Robert John. On the magnetic combinations with some 

observations on the action of selenic acid on methyl-alcohol. 
44 pp. 8vo. (Inaugural dissertation.) Gottingen, 1862 

Paper on the oxides of certain magnetic substances. 

1543. Escayrac, de Lauture, de. (1822-1868.) Analytic universal tel- 

egraphy; an international telegraphic language, simple, accu- 
rate, and three times shorter than the system at present in 
use. 20 pp. i2mo. London, 1862 

Description of the author's system of signals. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

1544. — -De la transmission t616graphique et de la transcription lit- 
t^rale des caract^res chinois. 2 parts. 28 pp. ill. 3 plates. 
4to. Paris, 1S62 

The electric transmission of messages in the Chinese language. 

1545. Evans, (Sir) F(rcderic) J(ohn) O(wen) (1816-1886) and A(rchi- 

bald) Smith, (i 813-1872.) Admiralty manual for ascertain- 
ing and applying the deviations of the compass caused by 
the iron in a ship. With a preface by J. W. (i. e., John Wash- 
ington). 166 pp. 3 maps, 2 diagr. 8vo. (Published by order 
of the Admiralty.) London, 1862 

Compass correction treated both theoretically and practically. 

1545a. Fourth edition, ii-f 199 PP. 6 plates, 3 maps. 8vo. 

London, 1874 
— See also 1702, 2138. 

1546. Gamier, C F. M6thode mnemonique pour retinir facilement 

les signes de Tecriture t616graphique de Morse. 14 pp. 8vo. 

Neuchatel, 1862 
How to learn and remember the Morse alphabet 

1547. Gibbs, Joseph. Cotton cultivation in its various details, the 

barrage of great rivers and instructions for irrigating, em- 
barking, draining, and tilling land in tropical and other coun- 
tries possessing high thermomatic temperatures, especially 
adapted to the improvement of the cultural soils of India, 
viii-f 248 pp. 5 plates. 8vo. London, 1862 

1548. Kirchoff, G(ustav Robert). (1824-1887.) Researches on the 

solar spectrum and the spectra of the chemical elements; 
translated with the author's sanction from the Transactions 
of the Berlin Academy for 1861 by Henry E. Roscoe. iv-f 36 
pp. 3 plates. 4to. Cambridge, 1862 

This important memoir is accompanied by two lithographic maps of the 
lines in a part of the solar spectrum, showing coincidences with lines of 
metallic spectra. 
— See also 2196. 

1549. Knochenhauer, K(arl) W(ilhelm). (1805-1875.) Ueber Flues- 

sigkeiten im elektrischen Strom. (Sitz. Ber. Akad. Wiss. 
Math.-Nat. Kl. 1862, pp. 462-482.) 8vo. Vienna, 1862 

General research on the "flow" of the electric current. 
— See also 1234. 

Z550. Minotto, Giovanni. Descrizione della nuova pila Daniell. 8 pp. 
8vo. Turin, 1862 

Description of the author's modification of Daniell's cell. 
— See also 1600. 

1551. Nystrocm, C(arl) A(lfred). Rechen-Aufgaben aus der Elek- 
tricitaets-Lehre besonders fuer Telegraphen-Beamte. 52 pp. 
I plate. 8vo. Berlin, 1862 

Problems in electricity with solutions: written for use of persons in charge 

of telegraph stations. 

—See also 5435- 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

ISS2. Pfeiffer, C(lemens). Dcr clcktrische Telegraph, eine gemein- 
fassliche Belehning ueber das Wesen, die Einrichtung und 
die verschiedenen Arten der elektrischen Telegraphen, sowie 
die Erregung, Fortleitung und Geschwindigkeit des elektri- 
schen Stromes. viii+142 pp. 4 plates. 8vo. Leipzig, 1862 
Brief deKription of -various telegraphs. 
— See also x6i8. 

X553. Reitlinger, Edmund. (iSjoP-iSSi.) Ueber die Artunterschiede 
der positiven und negativen Elektricitaet. 42 pp. i2nio. 

Vienna, 1862 
Considerations on the two kinds of electricity. 

I554«— " — ^Ueber Toene und einige Bewegungserscheinungen im Schlies- 
sungsbogen des galvanischen Stromes. (Sitz. Ber. Akad. 
Wiss. Math.-Nat. Kl. Vol. 45. PP. 453-482.) 8vo. Vienna, 1862 
Sounds heard on opening an electric circuit. 
— ^See also 1464. 

1555. Sabine, (Sir) Edward. (1788-1883.) On the cosmical features 
of terrestrial magnetism, being the Reade lecture, delivered 
in the Senate House of the University of Cambridge, May 
1862. 24 pp. ill. 8vo. London, 1862 

Periodical laws in the mean effects of the larger magnetic disturbances. 
— See also 945. 

Z556. Schumann, J. Eine neue Tangentenboussole. 32 pp. 4to. 
(Programm.) Konigsberg, 1862 

Mathematical theory of the tangent galvanometer. 

1557. Strieker, Wilhelm (Friedrich Karl). (1816-1891.) Samuel 

Thomas von Soemmering, der Heilkunde Doktor, nach seinem 
Leben und Wirken geschildert. vi+23 pp. portr. 4to. 

(Neujahrsblatt.) Frankfort, 1862 

Life and work of Soemmering with sketch of his telegraph, as exhibited in 
August, 1809. 

1558. Thal^n, T(obias) R(obert). (1827-1905.) Recherches sur les 

proprietes magnet iques du fer. 43 pp. 4to. Upsala, 1862 

Mathematical and physical paper on magnetic induction in various kinds 
of iron. 
— See also 2051. 

1559. Oven, Adolf van. De galvanische gasbatterij. 172 pp. 8vo, 

Leyden, 1862 
Electrolysis and Grove's "gas" battery. 

1560. Volpicelli, P(aolo). (1804-1879) Sulla polariti elettrostatica. 

V. comunicazione con appendice istorico-critica. (Atti Accad. 
Nuovi Lincei, Vol. 15, pp. 46-67.) 4to. Rome, 1862 

Inquiry into the polarity of electrostatic machines. 
— See also 1599. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

1561. Walker, William, Jr. Memoirs of the distinguished men of 
science of Great Britain living in the years 1807-1808; with 
an introduction by Robert Hunt xii+228 pp. i plate. 8vo. 

London, 1862 
Bio^aphical sketch of fifty-one scientific men. 

X56fl. Webb, F(rederick) C(harlcs). (1828-1899.) Treatise on the 
principles of electrical accumulation and conduction. Part I. 
(No more published.) vi+156+32 pp. ill. i2mo. 

London, 1862 
Inquiry into changes due to electrostatic induction; illustrations are given 
of cases of electric charges induced under varying conditions. 
— See also 3110. 

1563. Weber, Wilhelm (Eduard). ( 1804-189 1.) Zur Galvanometrie. 

(Abh. Ges. Wiss., Goettingen, Math.-Nat. Kl. Vol. 10, pp. 
3-96.) I plate. 4to. Gottingen, 1862 

Determination of the constants of a galvanometer. 
— See also 11 10. 

1564. Whcatstone, (Sir) (Charles) (1802-1875) and (Sir) F(rederick) 

A(ugustus) Abel. (1827-1902.) Rapport au secretaire d'etat 
de la guerre sur les r^sultats des recherches entreprises 4 
Woolwich et a Chatham sur Tapplication de Telectricit^ de dif- 
ferentes sources, i Texplosion de la poudre. Traduit de 
I'anglais par F. J. A. Martinet. 85 pp. i plate. 8vo. 

Paris, 1862 

The induction coil and magneto machines as used for firing mines; Abel's 

fuse* illustrated. 

•—See also 2183, 2308. 

1565. "Omega." New magnetic theory. 14 pp. i2mo. 

Tunbridge, 1862 
"Attraction is the consequence of the conjunction of two or more mag- 
netic atmospheres and their total or partial amalgamation/' p. 13. 

1566. Clark, (Josiah) Latimer. (1822-1898.) Letter by Josiah Latimer 

Clark to Sir William Thomson (Lord Kelvin) on retardative 
and inductive effects on long telegraph lines. (MS.) 

June 5, 1863 
Effect of electrostatic induction on the rate of tranimisaion of signals 
through cables. 
— See also 1509. 

1567. Culley, R(ichard) S(pelman). Handbook of practical teleg- 

raphy. viii+191+8+12 pp. ill. 8vo. London, 1863 

Standard work on the theory and practice of telegraphy. (See No. 5050.) 
X567a. ^Second edition, considerably enlarged, ix+296 pp. ill. pi. 

8vo. London, 186/ 

1567b. Third edition, revised and enlarged, ix+317 pp. ill. pi. 

8vo. London, 1868 

X567C: Fourth edition, revised and enlarged, vi+330 pp. ill. pi. 

8vo. London, 1870 

I567d. Fifth edition, revised and enlarged, xvi+408 pp. ill. pi. 

8vo. London, 1871 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

Z567e. Sixth edition, revised and enlarged, xvi+443 pp. ill. pi. 

8vo. London, 1874 

—See alio 1937. 3390. 

1568. Dircks, Henry. (1806-1873.) Contribution towards a history 

of electro-metallurgy establishing the origin of the art. 

xvi+102 pp. portr. i2mo. London, 1863 

The author contends that C. J. Jordan is the inventor of the art of electro- 
metallurgy. 
— See alto 1513. 

1569. Fitzroy, (Robert). (1805-1865.) Arrangements for meteor- 

ologic telegraphy. Second edition. 32 pp. 8vo. London, 1863 
Method of transmitting telegraphically the readings of the usual meteor- 
ological instruments. 

1570* ^Weather-book, a manual of practical meteorology. Second 

edition, xvi+480 pp. 16 plates. 8vo. London, 1863 

Atmospheric electricity and magnetic phenomena are frequently referred to 
in this weather-book. 
— See also 3288. 

X57X. (Hicrardiy S(ilvestro). (1802-1879.) Sul magnetismo polare de 
mattoni e d'altre terre cotte. Continuazione e propugnazione 
della memoria: Sul magnetismo polare di palazzi e di altri 
edifizi etc. (Extract, Mem. Accad. Sc. Bologna, Vol. 3.) 
23 pp. 4to. Bologna, 1863 

This paper treats of the magnetism observed in bricks and terra cotta; 
contains references to early writers. Boyle is omitted. 
— ^See also 894. 

1572. Klein, F. H. The foretelling of the weather in connexion with 

meteorological observations. Together with a description of 
the telegraphic warning system introduced into the Nether- 
lands, June i860, as proposed by Dr. Buys-Ballot. Translated 
from the original Dutch by A. Adriani. 31 pp. 8vo. 

London, 1863 
Fitzroy's rules are given and discussed; but the author prefers to infer 
the state of the weather from what he calls the "deviation" rather than the 
normal barometric reading. 

1573. Latini, Brunetto. (1230-1294.) Le livre dou tr^sor, public 

pour la premiere fois d'apres les manuscripts de la Biblio- 
th^que Imperiale, de la Biblioth^que de TArsenal, et plusieurs 
manuscrits des departements et de Tetranger par P. Chabaille. 
xxxvi-f-735 pp. 4to. (Collection de documents inedits sur 
I'histoire de France.) Paris, 1863 

This famous work of the Italian statesman and philosopher (Dante's tutor), 
contains on p. 147 one of the earliest references to the mariner's compass. 

1574. Marcoartu, Arturo de. Lignes sous-marines tel^graphiques 

d'Europe aux Am^riques de I'Atlantique au Pacifique. 56 pp. 
I map. 8vo. Paris, 1863 

Description of existing lines and projected telegraph routes. 

402 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

1574a. (English translation.) Telegraphic submarine lines be- 
tween Europe and America and the Atlantic and Pacific. 53 
pp. 8vo» New York, 1863 

1575. Masson, A(ntoine Phillibert) (1806-1860) & (Louis Francois 

Clement) Breguet. (1804-1883.) Mcmoire sur Tinduction. 

(Mem. presente i TAcad. des. Sc. 1841.) 22 pp. i plate. Svo. 

Paris, 1863 
Exi>eriincnt8 on the extra current; conversion of dynamic into static elec- 
tricity and vice versa. 
— See also 941, 1154* 

1576. Neckam, Alexander. (11 57-1 21 7.) De naturis rerum libri duo; 

with the poem of the same author, De laudibus divinae 
sapientiae. Edited by Thomas Wright. Ixxviii+S^i pp. L. 
Svo. London, 1863 

This famous work of the mediaeval monk and scholar treats of animate 
and inanimate nature as known in the lath century. A remarkable refer* 
ence to the compass will be found on p. 183; see also xxxiv. The volume 
contains a biographical and critical preface of 78 pages by Thomas Wright, 
the eminent English antiquary. 

1577. Noble, W(illiam) H(enry). Report on ballistic experiments. 

vi+129 pp. pi. Svo. London, 1863 

Details of various electric methods for measuring the velocity of projec- 
tiles. 

1577a. ^Second report (on the same subject), vi+284 pp. pi. Svo. 

London, 1863 
Results of experiments made with various classes of projectiles using elec- 
troballistic apparatus. 
— ^See also 16 17. 

1578. Parran. Note sur la lampe ^lectrique de MM. Dumas et Benoit, 

et sur son application au tirage des coups de mines. (Ann. 
Mines. Vol. 4, pp. 455-472.) Svo. Paris, 1863 

Vaccuum tubes as a source of light in mines. 

1579. Piggotty W(illiam) P(eter). On the importance of ocean tel- 

egraphy: the impediments to its success, and the way to 
obviate them. 16 pp. i2mo. London, 1863 

1580. Precce» (Sir) (William Henry). Railway telegraphs and the 

application of electricity to the signaling and working of 
trains. With an abstract of the discussion upon the paper 
by Charles Manby and James Forrest. 75+" PP- 8vo. 

London, 1863 
Details of the system of signaling used on the London and South-Western 
Railway. 
— See also 1496. 

1581. Raoult, Frangois (Marie). (iS3a-i90i.) fitude des forces 

electromotrices des Elements voltaiques. Propositions de 
chimie. 100 pp. 2 plates. 4to. (These.) Paris, 1863 

Study of the e. m. f. of a Daniell's cell, taking account of all the variables. 

— See also 3359> 

403 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

158a. Reitlinger» Edmund. (i830?-i882.) Ucbcr clektrischc Induc- 
tion. 29 pp. i2mo. Vienna, 1863 
Electromagnetic induction, eddy currents; Armgo's "rotations;" Fireau adds 
condsnser to tlie Rahmkorff coiL 
— See also 1464. 

1583. Soemmering, (Dettmar) W(ilhelm). (1793-1871.) Der clek- 

trischc Telegraph als deutsche Erfindung Samuel Thomas von 
Soemmering's aus dessen Tagebuechern nachgewiesen. 23 pp. 
8vo. Frankfort, 1863 

Notes from Soemmering's diary relating to his discoTcry of electric tel- 
egiaphy. 

1584. Thomson, (Sir) William (Lord Kelvin). (1824-1907.) The 

electric telegraph. (Royal Instit. Great Britain, Lecture No. 
I.) 2 pp. 8vo. London, 1863 

Notes of lectures given at the Royal Institution; qualities of a cable; theory 
of signaling. 
— See also 1085. 

1585. Timbs, John. (1801-1875.) Stories of inventors and discov- 

erers in science and the useful arts. Second edition. vii-{- 
344 pp. ill. pi. i2mo. London, 1863 

A popular history of scientific discoveries and inventions. 
— See also 1734* 

1586. Tyndall, John. (1820-1893.) Electricity at rest and electricity 

in motion. (Six lectures.) 23 pp. 8vo. London, 1863^1864 
Notes of a juvenile course of lectures delivered at the Royal Institution. 
— See also 1609, 1629, 17351 1785* 2009, 3182, 2950. 

1587. Volpicelli, Paolo. (1804-1879.) Sulla elettrostatica induzione. 

Ottava comunicazione. (Atti Accad. Nuovi Lincei, Vol. 

16, pp. 484-498+643-666+874-876-1-1092-1093.) 4to. Rome, 1863 
Defense of the author's views on electrostatic induction. 
— See also i399» 

1588. Weber, Heinrich. Ueber die Bestimmung des galvanischen 

Widerstandes der Mctalldrachte aus ihrer Erwaermung durch 
den galvanischen Strom nach absolutem Maasse. 33 pp. 
2 plates. 4to. (Inaugural dissertation.) Leipsig, 1863 

Change in the electric resistance of wires due to the thermal effect of the 

current. 

— See also 2304. 

1589. Althaus, Julius. On paralysis, neuralgia and other affections of 

the nervous system and their successful treatment by galvan- 
isation and faradisation. Third edition, viii+236 pp. i2mo. 

London, 1864 
Special therapeutical applications of continuous and of induced currents. 
— See also 1852, 1963. 

1590. Buckmaster, J(ohn) C(harles). Elements of experimental phy- 

sics, acoustics, light and heat, magnetism and electricity. 
vi+202 pp. ill. i2mo. London, 1864 

I also 1899. 

404 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

1591. DauriaCy Philippe. La telegraphic ^lectrique, son histoire et 
ses applications en France, en Angleterre, aux £tats-Unis 
suivie d'un guide de I'exp^diteur de d^peches. viii+120 pp. 
i2mo. Paris, 1864 

The various systems of electric telegraphy briefly described. 

159a. Docq, Adrien Joseph. (1820-1875.) Reponse a la question 123; 
la lumi^re, la chaleur, I'^lectricit^, le magnetisme, ces mani- 
festations de force, qu'on attribuait autrefois aux fluides im- 
ponderables, on les a d6duites dans les derniers temps de 
mouvements d'un 6ther, parfaitement 61astique, qui pen^tre 
tout. 179 pp. 4to. (18640 

The conclusion reached after a discussion of 179 pages is that the mechanism 
of electric and magnetic phenomena is completely unknown. 

1593. Dowling, Charles Hutton. Series of metric tables, in which 

the British standard measures and weights are compared 
with those of the metric system at present in use on the 
continent, xxxiv+124 pp. 8vo. London, 1864 

Tables for facilitating the conversion of British weights and measures to the 
metric system and vice versa. 

1594. Du Moncel, ThC^dose Achille Louis). (1821-1884.) Traite 

th^orique et pratique de t616graphie ^lectrique a I'usage des 
employes t^legraphistes, des ingenieurs, des constructeurs, et 
des inventeurs. xxvi+613 pp. ill. 3 plates. 8vo. Paris, 1864 
Descriptive hand-book of electric telegraphy. 
— See also 2323. 

1595. Ghcrardi, Silvestro. (1802-1879.) Lettera sopra un singolare 

esperimento del magnetismo delle terre cotte. (Rend. 

Accad. Sc. Bologna, 1864, pp. 71-75.) 8vo. Bologna, 1864 

Note on the magnetic qualities of a specimen of terra-cotta. 
— See also 894. 

1596. Huart, (£.) (also Colnet d'Huart). Nouvelle th^orie math^ma- 

tique de la chaleur et de Tclectricite. (Soc. Sc. Nat. Grand- 
Duch^ de Luxembourg, Vol. 7, pp. i-vii+i-190.) 3 plates. 
8vo. Luxemburg, 1864 

Mathematical treatise on heat and electricity, embodying the author's own 

views. 

1597. Le Bouleng6, P(aul £mile). M6moire sur une chronographe 

^lectro-balistique. (Mem. Sav. Etraag. Acad. Sc, Belgique, 
Vol. 32, pp. 1-29.) 4to. Brussels, 1864 

Illustrated description of the author's chronograph for ballistic determina- 
tions, 
—See also i68a. 

1598. Lindig, Franz. Quomodo mutantur vires electricae cum tem- 

pera tura. 35 pp. 8vo. (Inaugural dissertation.) Berlin, 1864 
Effect of temperature on the e. m. f. of a cell. 

405 



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vjMa. Tav /r 




F'S i. 




rsm.Smnbr^fh, 



1601. PACINOTTI. 

406 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

X599. Matteucd, C(arlo). (1811-1868.) Delia pila di Volta, della 
corrente elettrica e delle sue applicazioni. 72 pp. i plate. 
i2mo. Turin, 1864 

Popular exposition of some of the effects of the electric current. 
— See also 985. 

z6oo. Minotto, Giovanni. Pile 4 Sable. (Daniell-Minotto.) Experi- 
ences et comparisons avec les autres piles et informations 
sur les applications. 4 pp. 4to. Turin, 1864 

Experimental data concerning the internal resistance and current strength 
of the Minotto cell. 
— See also 1550. 

z6ox. Pacinotti, Antonio. (Born 1841.) Descrizione di una mac- 
chinetta elettro-magnetica (costrutta nel i860). (Nuovo Ci- 
mento. Vol. 19, pp. 378-384.) i plate. 8vo. Pisa, 1864 

Pai>er of historic interest containing a description of the author's ftng-armo- 
ture with closed coils. Though invented in i860, this machine was first 
described by Pacinotti in Nuovo Cimento, 1864. The investigations and 
discoveries of Dr. Pacinotti entitle him to a distinguished place among the 
pioneers of electrical science. 

z6oz-|*a. Electro-Magnetic machine. Translated from the II Nuovo 

Cimento, June, 1864. (Proof-copy.) 8 pp., 4 ill. 8vo. 

{No date.) 
—See also 1948, 2444. 3735- 

z6oa. Parson, George. Elementary magnetism, and the local attrac- 
tion of ships' compasses adapted for the use of navigators; 
with a table of the true azimuth of the mean place of the 
north pole star. 40 pp. i table. i2mo. Sunderland, (1864) 
Methods of avoiding errors in navigation caused by local disturbances. 

Z603. (Perry» Horatio J.). Los cables submarinos de Cadiz 4 las 
Americas. 135 pp. 8vo. Madrid, 1864 

Cable from Cadiz to the West Indies. 

Z604. Preece, (Sir) William Henry. The application of electricity to 
domestic purposes. 24 pp. ill. 8vo. London, 1864 

Electric bells and batteries for same. 
— See also 1496. 

Z605. Radcliffe, Charles Bland. (1822-1889.) Lectures on epilepsy, 
pain, paralysis and certain other disorders of the nervous 
system, xxiit-l-340 pp. ill. i2mo. London, 1864 

Electro-medical work pointing out the effects to be expected from the appli- 
cation of the electric current, both direct and alternating, in the treatment 
of nervous troubles. 
— See also 1999, 3201. 

z6o6. Schoencmaim» Th(eodor). (1812-1868.) Das Horizontal-Dy- 
namometer and seine Anwendung auf die Mechanik. Nebst 
Anleitung eines neuen Princips fuer den Ausfluss tropfbarer 
und luftfoermiger Fluessigkeiten. 140 pp. 5 plates. 8vo. 

Berlin, 1864 
Description and mathematical theory of the horizontal dynamometer. 

407 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

1607. Scoutetin, (Robert Joseph) H(enri). (1799-1871.) De Telcc- 

tricite consideree comme cause principale de Taction des eaux 
minerales sur Torganisme. xi+420 pp. 8vo. Paris, 1864 

Electric effects due to the contact of different mineral waters. 
—See also 137a. SSS9. 

1608. Thompson, J. Baynes. Mechanical theory of electric induction 

and its application. 14 pp. Svo. London, 1864 

1609. TjmdaU, John. (1820-1893.) On a magnetic experiment. 7 pp. 

8vo. (London,) 1864 

Notes of a lecture on the lengthening of a bar during magnetization. 
— See also 1586. 

z6io. Boltzmann, Ludwig. (1844-1906.) Ueber die Bewegung der 
Elektrizitaet in krummen Flaechen. (Sitz. Ber. Akad. Wiss. 
Math-Nat. Kl., Vol. 52, pp. 214-221.) 8vo. Vienna, 1863 

Electrical stream-lines on curved surfaces. 

i6xx. (Coignet, Frangois.) Note sur les betons agglomeres i base de 
chattx systeme Coignet. 48 pp. 8vo. Paris, 186$ 

Concrete and its uses. 

16x2. Ebner, Moritz, von. Ueber Telegraphic in ihrem Zusammen- 
hange mit dem Entwicklungsgange der Naturwissenschaften, 
I.; und in ihrer Anwendung auf die Zwecke des Krieges, 11. 
(Mitt. K. K. Genie Comite, Vol. 10, pp. ZZ7-^77') 8vo. 

Vienna, (?) 1865 
General considerations on the transmission of energy. 
— See also 135a. 

1613. Hankel, W(ilhelm) Gottlieb. (1814-1899.) Ueber die Durch- 
borung des Stanniols durch den Entladungsschlag der elek- 
trischen Batterie. (Sitz. Ber. Saechs. Ges. Wiss. Math.-Nat 
Kl., Vol. 17, pp. 94-116.) 8vo. Leipsig, 1863 

Some effects due to the discharge of Leyden batteries. 
— See also 1524. 

16x4. Hooper, William. India-rubber considered in reference to its 
applicability as an insulator for telegraphic conductors. 12 
pp. L. 8vo. (London,) 1865 

— Sec also 1645, 3546. 

x6x6. Martin, Th(omas) Henri. (1813-1884.) Observations et theo- 
ries des anciens sur les attractions et les repulsions mag- 
n^tiques et sur les attractions 61ectriques. 42 pp. 4to. 

Rome, i86s 
Early history of magnetism and electricity with copious references; work of 
erudition. 
— See also 1650. 

1617. Noble, W(illiam) H(enry). Description of Navez-Leur's elec- 
tro-ballistic chronoscope for determining the velocity of 
projectiles. (Rev. Techn. Milit., Vol 4, pp. 245-279.) 8vo. 

Paris, 1865 
General history of ballistic experiments with description of methods and 
apparatus used by various investigators. 
— See also 1577. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

x6x8. Pfeiffer, Clemens. Handbuch der elektro-magnetischen Tele- 
graphic nach Morse'schem System, xii-l-282 pp. i2mo. 
(Neuer Schauplatz der Kuenste und Handwerke, Vol. 272.) 

Weimar, 1865 
Elementary manual of the electric telegraph. 
— See also 1552. 

1619. Preece, (Sir) William Henry. On railway electric signalling. 
39 pp. ill. I plate. 8vo. London, 1865 

Electricity "supplies the only means that science possesses to enable us to 
carry out the block system in its entirety." 
— See also 1496. 

i6ao. Roiuc, F. L(ouis). £tude sur la fabrication et la pose des 
cables ^lectriques sousmarins. 52 pp. 8vo. Paris, 1865 

Reliability of the plummet for deep-sea soundings. 

i6flx. Rowett» (William). Ocean telegraph cable; its construction, 
the regulation of its specific gravity and submersion ex- 
plained. 122 pp. map. 4 plates. Bvo. London, 1865 
Generalities about submarine cables and ocean-depths; preference given to 
the "hempen" cable. 
— Sec also 1428. 

1622. Russell, (Sir) W(illiam) H(enry). Atlantic telegraph; illus- 

trated by Robert Dudley. v-|-ii7 pp. 28 plates. 4to. 

London, {1865) 
The illustrations are of much interest. 

1623. Schoedler, Friedrich. (1813-1884.) Treasury of science, nat- 

ural and physical. Translated and edited by Henry Med- 
lock. xii-f6i7 pp. ill. 8vo. London, 1865 

Short chapter on the elementary parts of electricity and magnetism. 

1624. Seguin, (Marc) (Senior). (1786-1875.) Memoire sur les 

causes et sur les effets de la chaleur et de la lumi^re et de 
Telectricit^. 113 pp. L. 8vo. Paris, 186$ 

The ether of space is held to be an unnecessary assumption. 
— See also 3143. 

1625. Serafini» Filippo. (1831-1891.) Der Telegraph in seiner Bezie- 

hung zum Buergerlichen und Handelsrechte. Uebersetzt aus 
dem Italienischen von Leone Roncali. 78 pp. 8vo. 

Vienna, 1863 
The electric telegraph and its relation to law. 

1626. Seward, William H(enry). (1801-1872.) Der Telegraph um 

die Erde, zur Verbindung der oestlichen und westlichen Halb- 
kugel in der Richtung ueber Moskau, dem Armur, die Behring- 
strasse, British Columbia und Californien. Aus dem £ng- 
lischen uebersetzt von CI. Gerke. 60 pp. i map. 8vo. 

Hamburg, 1865 
Plan for telegraphic communication all around the globe. 

Z627. Stefan, J(oseph). (1835-1893.) Ueber einige Thermoelemente 
von grosser elektromotorischer Kraft. (Sitz. Ber. Akad. 
Wiss. Math.-Nat., Kl. Vol. 51, pp. 260^62.) 8vo. Vienna, 1865 

Note on various thermo-electric combinations for the production of strong 
currents. 



1—27 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

x6a7a. (English translation.) On some thermo-elements of great 

electromotric force. (Philos. Mag., Scr. IV, Vol. 30, pp. 77- 
78.) 8vo. London, 1865 

i6a8. Tfaomsen, (Hans Peter Jorgcn) J(ulius). Polarisations-Bat- 
terie. (Extract, Zeitschr. Physikal. Chemie, Vol. 3.) 32 pp. 
ill. 8vo. Hamburg, 1865 

Deicription of the secondary battery devised by the author. 
— See also 32x0. 

1629. Tjmdall, John. (1820-1893.) Heat considered as a mode of 

motion, being a course of twelve lectures delivered at the 
Royal Institution of Great Britain in 1862. Second edition, 
with additions and illustrations, xx-l-532 pp. ill. i2mo. 

London, 1865 

This edition embodies the author's researches on radiant heat. 

— See also 1586. 

1630. Kerkwijk, J. J. van. Beschrijving van eenige verschijnselen, die 

zich voordoen in de telegraafedraden, door invloed van atmos- 
ferische elektriciteien van het norderlicht. (Verh. Instit. 
Ingen., 1864-1865.) 36 pp. i plate. 8vo The Hague, 1865 

Telegraph disturbances caused by atmospheric electricity and by polar aurorae. 
— See also 365^- 

1631. Wenckebach, W(ilhelm). (1803-1847.) Sur Petrus Adsigerius 

et les plus anciennes observations de la declinaison de 
Taiguille aimant^e traduit du Hollandais par T. Hooiberg. 
(Ann. Matematica, Vol. 7, pp. 159-168.) 4to. Milan, 1865 

The author concludes that the reference to magnetic declination in the 
Leyden MS. of the letter of Pttrns PeregrtHus (1269) (see No. 46), is an 
interpolation made in the early part of the XVI. century. 
163a. Zctaschc, Karl Eduard. (1830-1894.) Die Copirtelegraphen, 
die Typendrucktelegraphen und die Doppel telegraphic. Ein 
Beitrag zur Geschichte der elektrischen Telegraphic, vi+198 
pp. ill. 8vo. Leipzig, 1865 

Various writing and printing-telegraphs. 
— See also 1961, aosB, 21 19, 2219, 3899. 

1633. The Atlantic telegraph; its history from the commencement 

of the undertaking in 1854, to the return of the Great Eastern, 
in 1865. 117 pp. pi. & maps. i2mo. London, 1863 

The book contains photographs of Cyrus W. Field and Prof. Thomson, 
(Lord Kelvin). 

1634. Notice sur les travaux de (Jean Bernard) L^on Foucault. 37 

pp. 4to. Paris, 1863 

Sketch of the scientific work of Foucault (1819-1868), including his pendu- 
lum demonstration of the rotation of the earth made in the year 1851. 
X635. Adlcy, (Charles) C(oles). The story of the telegraph in India. 
viii+86 pp. I map. 8vo. London, 1866 

Criticism of the instruments and methods used on the Indian telegraph lines; 
also plea for the emancipation of telegraphs from Government control. 
— See also 1274. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

1636. Akin, C. K. On the origin of electricity. (Trans. Philos. Soc, 

Cambridge, Vol. 11, pp. 6-20.) 4to. Cambridge, 1866 

Electric manifestation is due to heat, friction and chemical action. 
— See also 3382. 

1637. Benet, S(tephcn) V(incent). Electro-ballistic machines and 

the Schultz's chronoscope. 47 pp. 4 plates. 4to. 

New York, 1866 
Drief historical review with full details of the chronoscope. 

1638. Brester, Albert. Elektrolytische onderzoekingem. 209 pp. 8vo. 

Delfft, 1866 
Decomposition of solutions by various compounds by means of the electric 
current. 

1639. Bright, (Sir) Charles Tilston. (1832-1888.) The telegraph to 

India and its extension to Australia and China. With an 
abstract by James Forrest. 66 pp. i plate. 8vo. London, 1866 

The discussion to which this lecture gave rise elicited information on the 

durability of insulating materials, on the manufacture and failure of cables 

and other related subjects. 

— See also 1510, 4427. 

1640. Field, Henry M(artyn). (1822-1907.) History of the Atlantic 

telegraph from the beginning 1854, to the completion August, 
1866. 364 pp. ill. 8vo. London, 1866 

Story of the great cable enterprise popularly told. 

1641. Gassiot, J(ohn) P(eter). (1797-1877.) Stratified discharges in 

vacuum tubes. (Intellectual Observer, 1866, pp. 82-84.) i 
plate. 8vo. London, 1866 

1643. Electrical researches with vacuum tubes. (Intellectual Ob- 
server, 1866, pp. 289-290.) I plate. 8vo. London, j866 
Some of these experiments were made with a water-battery of 4000 small 
cells. 
— See also i455« 

1643. G6rard, (Antoine J.) Le magnetisme a la recherche d'une posi- 

tion sociale, sa theorie, sa critique, sa pratique. 233 pp. 
portr. i2mo. Paris, 1866 

Electro-medical work, Mesmer justified. 
— See also 5434. 

1644. Grover, J(ohn) W(illiam). Estimates and diagrams of railway 

bridges for turnpike, public and occupation roads in the em- 
bankments of double or single lines, and cuttings of double 
lines; also culverts of various dimensions. 34 plates. Folio. 

London, 1866 

1645. Hooper, William. On the electrical and mechanical properties 

of Mr. Hooper's India rubber insulated wire for telegraphic 
cables. 13 pp. 10 plates, diagrs. 4to. London, 1866 

Paper read at the Nottingham meeting of the British Association, 1866. 
— See also 1614. 

1646. Hopkins, Evan. ( ? -1867.) Invention for an improved mode 

of correcting the deviation of compasses in iron ships, and 

411 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

of constructing ships' compasses and binnacles, so as to pre- 
vent deviation. 8 pp. i plate. 8vo. London, 1866 
Method of depolarizing the hull of iron ships in order to eliminate its 
inflttence on the compasses. 
— See also xo6i. 

1647. Kuchn» Karl. (1816-1869.) Handbuch der angewandten Elek- 

tricitaetslchre mit besonderer Beruecksichtigung der theore- 
tischcn Grundlagen. 2 vols, xx+1396 pp. ill. tabl. 8vo. 
(Allgemeine Encyclopaedic der Physik, Vol. 20, parts i & 2.) 

Leipzig, j866 
These two volumes form part of an encyclopaedia of physics; they deal 
with lightning-conductors, electricity in mines and telegraphy; also bibiiog' 
raphy of the subjects treated. 
— See also 1763. 

1648. Larkins, Walter F. The commercial code of signals for the 

use of all nations. xxiv-f246 pp. pi. 4to. London, 1866 

Signaling at sea by means of flags. 
X649. Macintosh, John. Facts and figures relative to submarine tel- 
egraphy. 36 pp. I plate. 8vo. London, 1866 
The commercial features of submarine telegraphy. 

1650. Martin, Th(omas) Henri. (1813-1884.) La foudre, I'electricite 

et le magn^tisme chez les anciens. v+418 pp. i2mo. 

Paris, 1866 
Knowledge of the ancients on the magnet, electric attraction, thunder, light* 
ning, the aurora borealis, the mariner's compass. 
— See also 161 6. 

1651. Page, Charles Grafton. (18x2-1868.) Petition to the Honor- 

able the Senate and House of Representative in Congress 
Assembled. (On the induction coil.) 35 pp. 8vo. 

New York, {1866?) 

The author puts forward his claim to the invention of the induction coil. 
— See also 1689, 2729. 

1652. Preece, (Sir) William Henry. Electrical inter-communication 

in trains in motion. 23 pp. pi. i6mo. London, 1866 

— See also 1496. 

1653. Sestier, F(61ix). De la foudre, de ses formes et ses effets sur 

Thomme, les animaux, les vegetaux et les corps bruts, des 
moyens de s'en preserver et des paratonnerres; redig6 sur 
les documents laisses par M. Sestier et complete par M. C. 
Mehu. 2 Vols. 8vo. Paris, 1866 

Treats extensively of the effects of lightning, death by lightning, and also 
the history and construction of lightning-conductors. 

1654. Siemens, (Sir) Charles William. (1822-1883.) Die elektrische 

Telegraphic. 40 pp. 8vo. (Sammlung gemeinverstaend- 
licher wissenschaftlicher Vortraege, Heft 22.) Berlin, 1866 

Historical sketch of the electric telegraph. 

— See also 1502, 1655, 3107, 2177, 2258, 2378, 3107. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

1655. Siemens, (Ernst) W(erner) (1816-1892.) & (Sir) Charles Wil- 
liam Siemens. (1822-1883.) Methode fuer fortlaufende Beo- 
bachtungen der Meerestemperatur bei Tiefenmessungen. 
(Sitz. Ber. Akad. Wiss. Math.-Nat. Kl., 1866, pp. 416-418.) 
8vo. Berlin, 1866 

Determination of deep-iea tempentttre by the bridge method. 
— See alio sai4, 1654. 

X656. Thomson, (Sir) William. (Lord Kelvin.) (1824-1907.) Atlan- 
tic telegraph cable, address delivered before the Royal Society 
of Edinburgh. With other documents. 31 pp. ill. 8vo. 

London, 1866 
Velocity of settling, angle of immersion, method of grappling for submarine 
cables. 

16560.— —(The same paper.) 12 pp. 8vo. London, 1866 

The forces concerned in laying and lifting a deep-sea cable. 
— See also 2085. 

Z657. Walker, Edward. ( ? -1893.) Terrestrial and cosmical mag- 
netism. The Adams prize essay for 1865. iv+336-|-vi pp. 10 
plates. 8vo. Cambridge, 1866 

The essay contains a brief history and development of magnetic research 
connected with terrestrial magnetism. The volume contains numerous mag- 
netic charts of each of the three elements and their variations. 
— See also 371s. 

1658. Airy, (Sir) George Biddell. (1801-1892.) Account of experi- 
ments in iron-built ships. (Extract, Philos. Trans. Roy. Soc. 
1839.) 44 PP« Bvo. (The magnetism of ships and the devia- 
tions of the compass. Papers edited by B. Franklin Greene. 
No. 2.) Washington, 1867 

1659. On the correction of the compass in iron-built ships. (Ex- 
tract, Colburn's United Service Journ. June, 1840.) 5 pp. 
8vo. (The magnetism of ships and the deviations of the com- 
pass. Papers edited by B. Franklin Greene. No. 3.) 

Washington, 1867 

x66o. On the observed deviations of the compass in wood-built and 

iron-built ships. (Extract, Philos. Trans. Roy. Soc. 1856.) 
53 PP- 8vo. (The magnetism of ships and the deviations of 
the compass. Papers edited by B. Franklin Greene. No. 4.) 

Washington, i86f 

x66z.— — On the building of iron ships and the correction of their 
compasses. (Extract, Trans. Instit. Naval Archit. Vol. i, 
i860.) 6 pp. 8vo. (The magnetism of ships and the devi- 
ation of the compass. Papers edited by B. Franklin Greene. 
No. 6.) Washington, 1867 

x66a.— — Experiments on the comparative susceptibility to magnetism 
of hot-rolled and cold-rolled iron. (Extract, Trans. Instit. 
Naval Archit. Vol. 3, 1862.) 2 pp. (The magnetism of ships 
and the deviations of the compass. Papers edited by B. 
Franklin Greene. No. 10.) Washington, 1867 

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1663.— ^On the difference in the magnetic properties of hot-rolled 
and cold-rolled malleable iron, as regards the power of re- 
ceiving and retaining induced magnetism of sub-permanent 
character. (Extract, Philos. Trans. Roy. Soc. 1862.) 16 pp. 
8vo. (The magnetism of ships and the deviations of the 
compass. Papers edited by B. Franklin Greene, No. 14.) 

Washington, 1867 
— Sec also 1376. 

1664. AmoiuCy £(rnest). Lettre electrique; nouveau service tele- 

graphique rendu populaire: I. par Textension donnee aux 
d^peches; II. par Tabaissement des tarifs; III. par des moyens 
nouveaux permettant Taugmentation des transmissions, xix-f- 
106 pp. 7 plates. 8vo. Parti, 1867 

The object of the work is to popularize the electric telegraph by securing 
secrecy for the dispatches and by reducing the tariff. 

1665. Bloxam, John C(harlton). Terrestrial magnetism. (Proc. 

Meteorol. Soc. Vol. 3, pp. 317-326.) Svo. London, 1867 

Analysis of magnetic observations made at St. Helena during the period 
1843-1843. 

x666. Bright, Edward B(railsford). The Atlantic telegraphs. A de- 
scription of the manufacture, laying and working of the cables 
of 1865 and 1866; with an explanation of the means employed 
for recovering the lost cable of 1865. 20 pp. 2 plates. 8vo. 

Liverpool, 1867 
Short account of the manufacture and laying of the Atlantic cables of 1865 
and 1866. 
— See also 1316. 

1667. Brooke, Charles. (1804-1879.) Elements of natural philoso- 
phy; or, An introduction to the study of the physical sciences 
based on the treatise by the late Golding Bird. Sixth edition. 
xxxii-f-851 pp. ill. i2mo. London, 1867 

Gassiot on the striated discharge, p. 456; ozone generator, p. 464; Bakewell*s 
telegraph, p. 529; "organic" electricity, p. 552. 

1668. Remarks on the nature of energy and the correlation and 

transmutation of its various physical forms. 14 pp. i2mo. 

London, 1867 
The author is disposed to do away with a universal ether as a medium for 
the transmission of energy. 
— See also 3858. 

i66g. Clausius, R(udoIph Julius Emmanuel). (1822-1888.) Die 
Potentialfunktion und das Potential. Second edition, vi+119 
pp. L. 8vo. Leipsig, 1867 

Notable mathematical memoir on potential and the potential function. 
—See also ai34i 2351, 2959. 

1670. Dc la Rive, A(uguste Arthur). (1801-1873) Michael Faraday. 
His life and works. (Reprinted from a translation in Philos. 
Mag. Ser. IV, Vol. 34. PP- 409-437) (Smithsonian Report, 
1867, pp. 227-245.) 8vo. Washington, 1867 

"I have said that induction was the most important of Faraday's diacor- 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

cries; I must now say that the tction of magnetisiii and electricity on light 

was the most brilliant/' p. 240. 

—See also 818. 
1671. (DodcU George.) (1808-1881.) Railways, steamers and tel- 
egraphs, a glance at their recent progress and present state. 

vi+236 pp. ill. 10 plates. 8vo. London, 186/ 

167a. Eisenlofar, W(ilhelm). (1799-1872.) Anleitung zur Ausfueh- 

rung und Visitation der Blitzableiter. Second edition. 32 

pp. 3 plates. 8vo. Karlsruhe, 1S67 

Function and construction of lightning-conductors. 
— See also 904. 
Z674. Ferguson, Robert M. Electricity, viii-l-285 pp. ill. i2mo, 

(Chamber's Educational Course.) London, 1S67 

Text-book of the subject. 
1674a. New edition, revised and extended by James Blyth. 410 pp. 

ill. i2mo. (Chamber's Educational Course.) London, 1882 

1675. Fonvielle, W(ilfrid) de. £clairs et tonnerre. 365 pp. ill. pi. 

i2mo. (Bibliotheque des Merveilles.) Paris, 1867 

Popular description of phenomena connected with atmospheric electricity; 
ships' compasses and lightning, p. 314. 
— See also 1907, 4i79- 

1676. Harris, (Sir) William Snow. (1792-1867.) Treatise on fric- 

tional electricity in theory and practice, edited with a me- 
moir of the author by Charles Tomlinson. xxxiv-l-291 pp. 
ill. 8vo. London, 1867 

Treatise on a subject to which the author made important contributions. 

The work closes with two lectures, one on atmospheric electricity and the 

other on protection from lightning. 

— See also 801, 948. 

1677. Jenkin, (Henry Charles) Fleeming. (1833-1885.) On electrical 

measurements. 74 pp. ill. 8vo. London, 1867 

Notes of a course of four lectures on the principles invoWed in the measure- 
ment of electrical quantities; also two lectures on the construction and main- 
tenance of telegraph lines. The lectures were reported by Captain R. H. 
Stotherd. 
— See also 1870, 2237, S403, 3137. 

1678. Johnston, Robert W. The telegraph and its proposed acquisi- 

tion by the government. 43 pp. 8vo. Edinburgh, 1867 

Advantages of goTcrnment ownership. 

1679. Lamont, J(ohann) von. (i 805-1 879.) Handbuch des Magne- 

tismus. viii-l-468 pp. ill. L. 8vo. (Allgemeine Encyclopaedic 
der Physik, Vol. 15.) Leipzig, 1867 

Important work on the mathematical theory of magnets and magnetic induc- 
tion. 

z68o. On the earth-current and telegraphic currents. Translated 

by W. T. Lynn. (Proc. Mcteorol. Soc, Vol. 3, pp. 35^357) 
8vo. London, 1867 

The author also wrote a work on the "earth-current and its connection with 
the magnetism of the earth," i86s. 
— Sec also 1049. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

z68i. Lardner, Dionysius. (1793-1859.) Electric telegraph; revised 
and rewritten by E(dward B(railsford) Bright xii+272 pp. 
ill. 8vo. London, 1867 

Telegrtph to India; Atlantic cables, electric transmission of time. 
— ^Sec also 876. 

z68a. Le Bouleng6» P(aul fimile). fitudes de balistique experimentale. 
94 pp. 4 plates. 8vo. (Brussels,) 1867 

Time of flight of a projectile determined by the author's "electric clepsydra.*' 
— See also 1597. 

Z683. (LfCclanch^ G(eorges). (1839-1882.) Notes sur Temploi des 
piles elect riques en telegraphie. 16 pp. ill. 8vo. Paris, 1867 
Remarks on the use of the Leclanch^ battery. 
— See also 4443. 

i683bis. Marco, Felice. Principii della teoria meccanica dell' elet- 
tricita e del magnetismo cioe la costituzione della materia 
ponderabile svelata. 230 pp. i2mo. Florence, 1867 

An attempt to explain electric and magnetic phenomena by the mechanical 
properties of the ether. 
— See also 2986. 

Z684. Matteucci, Carlo. (1811-1868.) Sulle correnti elettriche della 
terra. (Mem. See. Ital. Modena, Ser. Ill, Vol. i, pp. 39-65.) 
4to. Florence, 1867 

Experiments on earth-currents; their origin. 
— See also 985. 

1685. Matthiessen, A(ugustus). (1831-1870.) On alloys. (Reprinted 

from the Journ. Chem. Soc. 1867.) 20 pp. 8vo. 

London, 1867 
Tables of electric conducting power of certain alloys. 
— See also 3033. 

1686. Morat, A. J. de & J. N(ewton) Peirce. An exposition on the 

most improved telegraph cable and the theories connected 
therewith; with tables of comparison and lists of submarine 
cables now in use and those that have failed. 19 pp. 8vo. ill. 

Philadelphia, 1867 
Cable data. 

1687. Morse, Samuel F(inley) B(reese). (1791-1872.) Modern tel- 

egraphy. Some errors of dates of events and of statement in 
the history of telegraphy exposed and rectified. 50 pp. ill. 
8vo. Paris, 1867 

Reply to personal criticisms. 

1687a. (Another edition.) 38 pp. 8vo. (1868?) 

— See also 1749* 2940. 

1688. Noad, Henry M(inchin). (1815-1877.) Student's text-book of 

electricity, viii+519 pp. ill. i2mo. London, 1867 

z688a. New edition. With an introduction and additional chapters 

by W. H. Preece. xvi-f6i5 pp. ill. i2mo. London, 1879 
Additional matter by (Sir) William H. Preece on cables, multiplex tel- 
egraphy, telephones and the electric light. 
— See also X065. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

1689. Page» Charles G(rafton). (1812-1868.) History of induction; 

the American claim to the induction coil and its electrostatic 
developments. 124 pp. 5 plates. 8vo. Washington, 1867 

The work of Henry, Sturgeon, Gusiot, Fkge and others; Ytltiable hietoricAl 
sketch. 
■ Sec also i65x« 

1690. Palm, Gustav Albert. Der Magnet im Altertum. 24 pp. 4to. 

(Programm.) Stuttgart, 1867 

Pusagefl from ancient writers on the magnet. 

x69X, Poggendorff, (Johann Christian). (1796-1877.) Ueber die 
Waerme-Entwicklung in der Luftstrecke elektrischer Ent- 
ladungen. (Sitz. Ber. Akad. Wiss. Math.-Nat. Kl., 1867, pp. 
273-298.) 8vo. Berlin, 1867 

Heat due to electric discharges from a Holtz machine. 

1692. ^Ueber einige Vorgaenge bei Entladung der Leydener Flascfae. 

(Sitz. Ber. Akad. Wiss. Math-Nat Kl., 1867, pp. 712-724.) 8vo. 

Berlin, 1867 
Luminous phenomena observed with Leyden Jars. 
— See also 1037. 

1693. Poisson, (Simeon Denis). (1781-1840.) On the deviation of a 

compass caused by the iron in a vessel. (Extract, M6m. Acad. 
Sc. Instit. France, Vol. 16.) Translated by B. Franklin 
Greene. 42 pp. 8vo. (The magnetism of ships and the devia- 
tions of the compass. Papers edited by B. Franklin Greene. 
No. I.) Washington, 1867 

^Ste also 718. 

1694. Quet, (Jean Antoine). (1810-1884.) Rapports des progr^s, 

des lettres et des sciences en France. De T^lectricit^, du mag- 
n^tisme et de la capillarity. 274 pp. ill. L. 8vo. Paris, 1867 
The object of the work is to point out the more remarkable contributions to 
electrical discovery and theory made by French physicists. 

Z695. Renault, Bernard. Verification exp^rimentale de la r^ciproque 
de la loi de Faraday sur la decomposition des Electrolytes. 
60 pp. 4to. (These.) Paris, 1867 

Becquerel's extension of Faraday's electrolyse law verified. 

Z696. Rundell, W. W. On compass equipment in iron ships. (Ex- 
tract, Trans. Instit Naval Archit, VoL 3, 1862.) 8 pp. 8vo. (The 
magnetism of ships and the deviations of the compass. Papers 
edited by B. Franklin Greene, No. 13.) Washington, 1867 

1697. On compass equipment in iron ships and government super- 
vision. (Extract, Trans. Instit. Naval Archit., Vol. 7, 1866.) 
7 pp. 8vo. (The magnetism of ships and the deviations of the 
compass. Papers edited by B. Franklin Greene. No. 20.) 

Washington, 1867 

1698. Sabine, Robert. (1837-1884.) The electric telegraph, xv+428 
pp. ill. 8vo. London, 1867 

Bfanual of telegraphy containing the history of the subject together with 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

dcflcriptioiM of appAntus in general use. Galileo and sympathetic compasaes, 
VI; the Scots Magazine of i753* P- 7 (See No. 378); Ronald's telegraph, 
p. la; Cotugno's electro-physiological experiment antedating Galvani's dis- 
covery, p. 16. 

1698a. History and progress of the electric telegraph. Second 

edition, xiv+280 pp. ill. i2mo. London, 1869 

— See also 1937, 1970, aoo3, 33is> 

1699. Schellen, (Thomas Joseph) H(einrich). (1818-1884.) Das at- 
lantische Kabel, seine Fabrikation, seine Legung und seine 
Sprechweisc. 168 pp. ill. 8vo. Brunswick, 1867 

The Atlantic cables of 1858 and 1865. 
— See also 1069. 

170a Siemens, (Ernst) Werner. (1816-1892.) Das fuer die indo- 
europaeische Linie bestimmte automatische Telegraphen- 
System. (Zeitschr. Telegr. Vereins, Year 14, pp. i-io.) 3 
plates. 4to. Berlin, 1867 

Automatic telegraph system devised hy the author for use on a proposed 
Indo-European line. 

1701. Ueber die Umwandlung von Arbeitskraft in elektrischen 

Strom ohne Anwendung permanenter Magnete. (Sitz. Ber. 
Akad. Wiss. Math.-Nat. Kl., 1867, pp. 55-58.) 8vo. 

Berlin, 1867 
Note on magneto-electric machines. 
— See also 1214. 

I703, Smith, Archibald. (181 3-1872.) On the mathematical formulae 
employed in the computation, reduction and discussion of 
the deviations of the compass, with some practical deductions 
therefrom as to the mode of construction of iron-built vessels. 
(Extract Trans. Instit. Naval Archit, Vol. 3, 1862.) 7 pp. 
I plate. 8vo. (The magnetism of ships and the deviations of 
the compass. Papers edited by B. Franklin Greene. No. 11.) 

Washington, 1867 
— See also 1545, 1703, 3318. 

1703. Smith, Archibald (1813-1872) and Frederick John (Owen) 
Bvans. (18 16-1886.) On the effect produced on the devia- 
tions of the compass by the length and arrangement of the 
compass-needles, and on a new mode of correcting the 
quadrantal deviation. (Extract, Philos. Trans. Roy. Soc, 1861.) 
18 pp. 8vo. (The magnetism of ships and the deviations of 
the compass. Papers edited by B. Franklin Greene. No. 9.) 

Washington, 1867 

1704. ^Report on the three reports of the Liverpool compass com- 
mittee and other recent publications on the same subject. 
(Extract, Report, British Ass. Adv. Sc, 1862.) 14 pp. 8vo. 
(The magnetism of ships and the deviations of the compass. 
Papers edited by B. Franklin Greene. No. 15.) 

Washington, 1867 
(See No. 1760.) 

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1705. On the magnetic character of the armor-plated ships of the 

Royal Navy and on the effect' on the compass of particular 
arrangements of iron in a ship. (Extract, Philos. Trans. Roy. 
Soc, 1865.) 49 pp. 2 plates, 5 tables. 8vo. (The magnetism 
of ships and the deviations of the compass. Papers edited 
by B. Franklin Greene. No. 16.) Washington, 1867 

— See tlso 1702, 2138. 

1706. Spruijt, Cornelius Bellaar (also Spruyt). De electromotorische 

kracht van het element van Daniell bij verschillende tempera- 
turen. 176 pp. i plate. 8vo. (Inaugural dissertation.) 

Amhem, 1867 
The electromotive force of a Daniell cell. 

1707. Todd, (Sir) Char(les). South Australia. Observatory and 

telegraphs. Annual report. 1866. 18 pp. i plate. Folio. 

Adelaide, 1867 
Remarks on the New York telegraph system for working fire-alarms, p. 14* 
— See also 4557. 

1708. Weber, M(ax) M(aria) von. (1822-1881.) Das Telegraphen- 

und Signalwesen der Eisenbahnen. Geschichte und Technik 
derselben. xx+319 pp. i plate. 8vo. Weimar, 1867 

Telegraphic signaling on railways 

1709. Review. — The mariners compass. (Extract, London Quart. 

Rev., Oct. 1865.) 22 pp. 8vo. (The magnetism of ships and 
the deviations of the compass. Papers edited by B. Franklin 
Greene, No. 18.) Washington, 1867 

1710. Beach, Alfred E(ly). (1826-1896.) Pneumatic dispatch, in- 

cluding descriptions of subaqueous and other tunnels. 86 pp. 
ill. pi. 8vo. New York, 1868 

An account of the introduction of the pneumatic dispatch system in London 
together with a description of the Pneumatic Railway and Postal Dispatch 
at the Exhibition of the American Institute, New York, 1867. 

171 1. Bertelli, Timoteo. (i 826-1905.) Di un supposto sistema tele- 

graiico magnetico indicato da alcuni autori del secolo XVI e 
XVII. (Lettera a D. B. Boncompagni, Roma, 1868.) (Bull. 
Bibliog. Storia Sc. Mat.-Fis., Vol. i.) 12 pp. 4to. Rome, 1868 
The author discusses at length the early reference to the magnetic telegraph 
in van Etten's Ricriations Mathhnatiques (See No. 93), also Wynant van 
Western's translation of same work (See No. 151), See Strada's ProluHonet 
Academicae, 161 7 (See No. 90), the Spectator, No. 241; also C^taeus: PhUo- 
Sophia Magnetica (See No. 97). 

171a. Sopra Pietro Peregrino di Maricourt e la sua epistola de 

magnete. Memoria prima. (Extract, Bull. Bibliogr. Storia Sc. 
Mat.-Fis., Vol. 1.) 32 pp. 4to. Rome, 1868 

Exhaustive work on the Epistola de Magnete, A. D., 1269, (See No. 46), of 
Pierre de Maricourt commonly called Petrus Peregrinus; critical comparison 
of various codices; complete Latin text; diagrams. Bertelli was a member 
of the Barnabite order, professor of physics in the (Allege De la Quercia, 
Florence, where he died in 1905. Bertelli wrote 60 memoirs on electricity, 
telegraphy, meteorology and seismic phenomena. 

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I7i3« Sulla epistola di Pietro Peregrino di Maricourt e sopra al- 

cuni trovati e teorie magnetiche del secolo XIII. Memoria 
seconda. (Bull. Bibliog. Storia Sc. Mat-Fis., Vol. i.) 17 pp. 
4 plates. 4to. Rome, 1868 

This second memoir contains the text of the famous "BpUtola** of Petrus 
Pertgrinus, (See No. 46), on the magnet together with the readings of var- 
ious codices, critical notes and historical references. 
— See also 1441. 
Z714. BouBsac, A. Precis de telegraphic ^lectrique et des connais- 
sances mathematiques, physiques et chimiques indispensables 
pour la telegraphic, vii+503 pp. ill. 8vo. Paris, 1868 

Exposition of the elements of algebra, geometry, mechanics and electricity 
necessary to understand the theory and applications of electric telegraphy. 

17x5. Clark, (Josiah) Latimer. (1822-1898.) Elementary treatise on 
electrical measurement for the use of telegraphic inspectors 
and operators. viii+i7S pp. pi., tabl. 8vo. London, 1868 

Handbook valuable both to student and practical telegraphist. 

17x53. (French translation.) Traits eiementaire de la mesure eiec- 

trique d Tusage des inspecteurs et agents des tei^graphes. 
Traduit de T Anglais. 11 +179 pp. ill. 8vo. Paris, 1872 

X7i5b. (Italian translation.) Trattato elementare delle misurazioni 

elettriche. Traduzione di L. T. Picco. 287 pp. ill. i plate. 
8vo. Geneva, 1874 

— See also 1509. 

1716. DehmSy Franz. Ueber eine Reproduction der Siemens'schen 
Widerstands-Einheit. 36 pp. i plate. 4to. (Inaugural dis- 
sertation.) Berlin, 1868 
The Siemens' unit of resistance and its reproduction. 

X7X7. Delarge, F(rederic Henri). Notice sur le materiel des lig^nes 
t616graphiques beiges. Second edition. 79 pp. 2 plates. 8vo. 

Brussels, 1868 
Belgian telegraph lines: construction and equipment. 
— See also 2070, 227 Sf 3999. 

X7x8. Dubois, E(dmond Paulin). (1822-1891.) De la deviation des 
compas 4 bord des navires et du moyen de Tobtenir i Taide 
du compas de deviations, viii+56 pp. 8vo. Paris, 1868 

The deviation of the compass is treated historically and practically. 
1719. Figuier, (Guillaume Louis). (1819-1894.) Les merveilles de la 
science; ou, Description populaire des inventions modernes. 
2 vols. ill. portr. L. 8vo. Paris, 1868 

Popular exposition of electric phenomena, the voltaic pile, lightning-rods, the 

electric telegraph, etc. 

— See also 13 18. 

x7ao. Gherardi, Silvestro. (1802-1879.) Ragguaglio sopra autografi 
del Galvani. (Mem. Accad. Sc, Bologna, Vol. 8, pp. 3-^5.) 
4to. Bologna, 1868 

Summary of three manuscripts left by Galvani on electro-physiological re- 
searches: reference to Lord Mahon on the return-stroke. 
^See also 894* 

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zyaz. Hopkins, Evan. ( ? -1867.) D^saimantation des navires en 
fer. Traduit de Tanglais par F. Labrosse. 80 pp. 2 plates. 
8vo. Paris, 1868 

Exposition of Hopkins' method of compensation for ships' compasses. 
— See also xo6x. 

lyaa. Johnson, Crisfield. The one great force; the cause of gravita- 
tion, planetary motion, heat, light, electricity, magnetism, 
chemical affinity, and other natural phenomena. 93 pp. 8vo. 

Buffalo, 1868 
"Electricity is caloric confined in channels or bubbles," p. 45. 

1723. Kohlrausch, F(riedrich Wilhelm Georg). Ueber galvanische 

Widerstandsbestimmung fluessiger Leiter, insbesondere ueber 
die von Herrn A. Nippoldt im hiesigen physikalischen Insti- 
tute ausgefuehrte Messung des Widerstandes der verduennten 
Schwefelsaeure. (Goettinger Nachrichten, 1868, pp. 415-420.) 
8vo. Gottingen, 1868 

Short paper on the resistance of licjuids; also Nippoldt's determination of 
the resistance of phosphoric acid. 
— See also 2804, 2839, 3548. 

1724. Le RouZy F(rangois) P(ierre). Experiences diverses relatives 

d la production de la lumi^re voltaique. (Bull. Soc. d*En- 

couragement pour Tlndustrie Nationale, 1868, pp. 1-15.) 4to. 

Paris, 1868 

The physics of the voltaic arc 
— See also 3292. 

1725. Loschmidt, J(oseph). (1821-1895.) Ableitung des Potentiales 

bewegter elektrischer Massen aus dem Potentiale fuer den 
Ruhezustand. (Sitz. Ber. Akad. Wiss. Math.-Nat. Kl., Vol. 
58, pp. 7-14.) 8vo. Vienna, 1868 

Short paper on electrody2iamic theory. 

1726. Morgan, Charles E. (1836-1867.) Electro-physiology and 

therapeutics; being a study of the electrical and other physical 
phenomena of the muscular and other systems during health 
and disease, including the phenomena of the electrical fishes. 
(Edited by William Alexander Hammond.) xvi+714 pp. ill. 
8vo. New York, 1868 

1727. Neumann, C(arl Gottfried). Die Principien der Elektrodynamik. 

40 pp. 4to. (Programm.) Tubingen, 1868 

Mathematical theory of fundamental points in electro-dynamics: Weber's law. 
— See also 2436. 

1728. Noad, Henry M(inchin). (1815-1877.) The inductorium, or 

induction coil; being a popular explanation of the electrical 
principles on which it is constructed; with the description of 
a series of beautiful and instructive experiments, illustrative 
of the phenomena of the induced currrent. Third edition. 
117 pp. ill. pi. i2mo. London, 1868 

Professor Henry's induced currents of various orders; Ladd's dynamo-elec- 
tric machine; the induction coil; discharge in vacuum tubes. 
— See also 2065. 

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1799. Parker* John A. Polar magnetism: a paper read before the 
American Institute, on the cause of polar magnetism; the at- 
traction of the needle to the pole; the variations of the com- 
pass and the phenomena incident to the same. 34 pp. diagr. 
8vo. New York, 1868 

"The cause of the variations of the compass is the revolution of the magnetic 
pole around the North pole," p. 5. 

17298. (The same paper.) Second lecture on polar magnetism: 

its astronomical origin, its period of revolution, and the syn- 
odical period of the earth, identical. Read before the Amer- 
ican Geographical and Statistical Society. 33 pp. 8vo. 

New York, 1869 
"The forces of magnetism and gravitation are identical," p. i. 

1730. Pierre, Victor. (181^1886.) Kravogl's elektromagnetischer 

Motor. (Sitz. Ber. Akad. Wiss. Math.-Nat. Kl, Vol. 57, PP- 
53^547) 8vo. Vienna, 1868 

Description with diagrams of the Kravogl motor. 

1731. PosteU Emil. Grundzuege der elektrischen Telegraphie. Fuer 

angehende Telegraphen-Beamte und fuer gebildete Leser aus 
alien Staenden, insbesondere auch fuer Lehrer und reifere 
Schueler bearbeitet. vi-{-i9i pp. ill. i2mo. 

Langensalsa, 1868 
The elements of electric telegraphy. 

173a. Sirks, Jan. Over het meten van den galvanischen geleidings- 
weerstand. 78 pp. 8vo. (Inaugural dissertation.) 

Deventer, 1868 
. Measurement of resistance; division of current in a network of conductors. 

1733. Smith, J. S. Manual of telegraphy. Second edition. 48 pp. 

I plate. 8vo. New York, (1868?) 

Reading hy sound. 

1734. Timbs, John. (1801-1875.) Wonderful inventions from the 

mariner's compass to the electric telegraph cable, xv-f-400 
pp. ill. pi. i2mo. London, 1868 

Chapter on the first Atlantic cable, 1858. 
— See also 1585. 

1735* Tjmdall, John. (1820-1893.) Faraday as a discoverer. viii+ 
171 pp. portr. 8vo. London, 1868 

Appreciation of Faraday's work, methods and character. 
— See also 1586. 

1736. Manual of instruction in army signalling. 53 pp. ill. i2mo. 

London, 1868 
Explanation and use of the various signals in use in the army. 

1737. Telegraph secrets By a stationmaster. Fourth edition. 122 pp. 

i2mo. London, 1868 

Series of curious incidents. 

422 



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CATALOGUE OP WHEELER GIFT 

1738. Codazza, Giovanni. (1816-1877.) Sulle macchine, dinamo- 

magneto-elettriche. (Atti Accad. Sc, Torino, Vol. 4, pp. 729- 
755.) 8vo. Turin, 1869 

The author studies the TarUtioiM in the macnctizing current of the field- 
magnets of a dynamo and the current in the external circuit. 
—See also 3495. 

1739. Dumas, Floridor. Trait6 de telegraphic eiectrique militaire k 

Tusage des officiers de toutes firmes et des fonctionnaires de 
Tadministration des lignes t6ieg^aphiques qui peuvent etre 
appeles i faire partie du service t^legraphique civil en cam- 
pagne. 178 pp. ill. tab. i2mo. Paris, 1869 

Construction and working of the electric military telegraph. 

1740. Du MonceU Th(eodose Achille Louis). (1821-1884.) Notice 

sur le cable transatlantique. 46 pp. ill. 8vo. Paris, 1869 

The Atlantic cable: historical and technical sketch. 
— See also 1233. 

1741. Fix, Theodore. La telegraphic militaire. 111+71 PP- i plate. 

8vo. Paris, 1869 

The military telegraph in France and abroad: equipment and pgrsonntl. 

174a. Gherardi, S(ilvestro). (1802-1879.) Di due preziosi MSS. del 
Galvani sulla torpedine. (Comunicazione fatta all' Accad. 
delle Sc. di Bologna e inserita nel ser. ii, Vol. IX, dell' Accad. 
stessa.) 53 pp. 4to. Bologna, 1869 

The author gives the text of two manuscript papers of Galvani on the tor- 
pedo together with his remarks on same. 
—See also 894- 

1743. Gould, Benjamin Apthorp. (1824-1896.) The transatlantic 

longitude, as determined by coast survey expeditipn of 1866. 

loi pp. 4to. (Smithsonian Contributions to Knowledge, No. 

223.) Washington, 1869 

History and details: determination of the difference of time between Green- 
wich and Washington, p. 79. 
— See also 3936. 

1744. Govi, Gilberto. (1826-1889.) Romagnosi e Telettro-magnetismo. 

(Atti Accad. di Torino, Vol. IV, pp. 426-439.) 16 pp. ill. 8vo. 

Turin, 1869 
Discussion of Romagnosi's observation (1802), of the action of an electrode 
from a battery on a compass-needle. The Italian text is accompanied by a 
manuscript translation. (See No. 974*) 
—See also 358i> 

1745. Hea4 (Sir) Francis B(ond). (1793-1875) The royal engineer. 

xii+391 pp. pi. 8vo. London, 1869 

Chapter on the military electric telegraph. 
— See also 1157. 

1746. Jenkins, Thornton A(lexander). (1811-1893.) Ships' com- 

passes: including the subjects of binacles and swinging the 
ship. 37 pp. 8vo. (Bureau of Navigation.) Washington, 1869 
Practical information concerning ships' 

423 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

1747. Laurencin, Paul. L'^tincelle electrique, son histoire, ses appli- 

cations. 228 pp. ill. pi. i2mo. Paris, 1869 

Popular exposition of the properties and applications of the electric spark 
and the electric cnrrent. 
— See also 2034. 

1748. Ludewig, Julius. Der Bau von Telegraphenlinien mit beson- 

derer Beruecksichtigung der Vorschriften der Telegraphcn- 
Verwaltung des Norddeutschen Bundes, sowie der neuen 
Massordnung. Fuer Telegraphen-Beamte und Tcchniker. 
viii+306 pp. ill. 8vo. Leipzig, 1869 

Practical manual of construction of telegraph lines. 
— See also X840, 1918. 

1749. Morse, S(aniucl) F(inley) B(reese). (1791-1872.) Examination 

of the telegraphic apparatus and the processes in telegraphy. 
166 pp. ill. 8vo. (Paris, Universal Exposition, 1867, Reports 
of the U. S. Commissioners.) Washington, 1869 

Comprehensive description of the telegraphic apparatus eschibtted in Paris, 
1867; photograph of Prof. Morse taken shortly before his death In 1872. 
— See also 1687. 

1750. Palmieri, Luigi. (1807-1896.) Description du seismographe 

^lectro-magnetique, appareil enrigistreur des tremblements 
de terre et de Tappareil i conducteur mobile avec Telectro- 
metre bifiliaire pour les observations comparables de Telec- 
tricite atmosph^rique. Traduction frangaise de A. Mauche. 
16 pp. 2 plates. 4to. Naples, 1869 

The seismograph of the observatory of Mount Vesuvius which was deviated 

by the author. 

— See also 1079. 

1751. Pepper, J(ohn) H(enry). (1821-1900.) Cyclopaedic science 

simplified; embracing light, heat, electricity, magnetism, pneu- 
matics, acoustics, chemistry, xiii-l-685 pp. ill. Sq. i6mo. 

London, {1869) 

A well-known popular manual of the elements of experimental science. (See 

No. 1828.) 

— See also 1528. 

175a. Poggendor£F, (Johann Christian). (1796-1877.) Ueber das 
Holtz'sche Rotationsphaenomen. (Sitz. Ber. Akad. Wiss. 
Math.-Nat. Kl., 1869, pp. 754-785-) 8vo. Berlin, 1869 

Phenomenon observed while using a Holtz machine. 
— See also 1027. 

1753. Pope, Franklin L(eonard). (1840-1895.) Modern practice of 

the electric telegraph. 128 pp. ill. pi. 8vo. New York, 1869 

1753a. Tenth edition. 160 pp. ill. 3 plates. 8vo. 

New York, 1877 
Handbook specially designed to meet the wanU of the telegraph operator. 
— See also 2163, 2433, 2444, 51 10. 

1754. Sauer, George. The telegraph in Europe. A complete state- 

ment of the rise and progress of telegraphy in Europe, show- 

424 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

ing the cost of construction and working expenses of tel- 
egraphic communications in the principal countries, etc Cor- 
rected from Official Returns. 177 pp. tab. 8vo. Paris, 1869 
The introduction gives a sketch of the rise and progress of telegraphy; the 
rest of the work treats of general telegraphic statistics in the Tarions coun- 
tries of Europe. 

1755. Stockalper, de. Les avantages du Simplon sous le rapport de 

la construction et de Texploitation d'un chemin de fer. 72 pp. 
5 plates. 4to. Lausanne, 1869 

Reasons for recommending the Simplon route. 

1756. Ternant, A. L. Manuel pratique de telegraphic sous-marine, 

construction, pose, entretien et exploitation de cables sous- 
marins, epreuves eiectriques qu'ils subissent etc. xi-l-226 pp. 
2 plates. i2mo. Paris, (1869) 

Construction and laying of a submarine cable. An appendix gives data of 
cables laid. 
— See also 1888, S007, 23751 3799* 

Z757. Waltenhofen, A(dalbert Carl) von. Ueber die Grenzen der 
Magnetisirbarkeit des Eisens und des Stahles. (Sitz. Ber. 
Akad. Wiss. Math.-Nat. Kl., Vol. 59» PP. 770-788.) 8vo. 

Vienna, 1869 
According to the author "anomalous magnetizing*' is the residual magnetism 
which he found in thick iron cores to be opposite in character to the tem- 
porary magnetism due to the magnetizing current. 
— See also 1849, 3475* 

Z758. Warren, Thomas T. P. Bruce. On electrification. 11 pp. 8vo. 

Croydon, 1869 

Note on the "electrification'* of cables. 
— See also 3591. 

1759. Electric disc and experiments. By a positive conductor, viii-f- 
96 pp. ill. i2mo. London, 1869 

A revolying glass-disc furnishes electricity for a number of popular experi- 



1760. Liverpool, Compass Commission. The magnetism of ships and 
the deviations of the compass comprising the three reports 
of the Liverpool Compass Commission, with additional pa- 
pers by Archibald Smith and F(rederic) J(ohn) (Owen) 
Evans, xiii-f-344 pp. 49 plates. 8vo. (Reprinted.) 

Washington, 1869 
The three reports of the Commission contain important information on the 
magnetism of iron ships and on methods of correcting resulting errors. 
These are followed by Scoresby's Journal of thg Royal Charter with critical 
introduction by Archibald Smith. (See No. 2704.) 

Z76Z. New magneto-electric machine. (Student and Intellectual Ob- 
server, VoL 2, pp. 444-447.) ill. 8vo. London, 1869 
The machine was devised by Browning. 

1—28 425 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

Z76a. Poles, wires, and cables; or, Electric telegraphs: their past and 

their future, their commercial advantages. 60 pp. 8vo. 

London, 1869 

Early history of the electric telegraph; ocean telegraphy; government acqui- 

lition of tdegraphc 

X76aa. Second edition. 60 pp. 8vo. London, 1870 

Z763. Kuehn, Karl. (1816-1869.) Die elektro-magnetische Materie 

in ihrer kosmischen Existenz. 18 pp. i2mo. 

St. Johann a. d. Soar, (j86?) 

Electromagnetic paper on the sun, comets and Saturn's rings. 

—See also X647. 
Z764. Netoliczka, Eugen. (1825-1889.) Geschichte der Elektrizitaet 

bis zur Entdeckung des Galvanismus. 26 pp. 4to. 

(Grati, 186 f) 

Succinct history of electrical discovery down to the time of Coulomh.' 

Z765. Airy, (Sir) George Biddell. (1801-1892.) Treatise on magnet- 
ism, designed for the use of students in the University. xv-|- 
220 pp. ill. 8vo. London, 1870 

Mathematical treatise with special reference to the effect of the magnetism 
of iron ships on their compasses. 
— See also 2376. 

Z766. Baker, Thomas R. Researches in electricity. 28 pp. 8vo. (In- 
augural dissertation.) Gottingen, 1870 
Comparison of spark-length, density and quantity of electricity. 

1767. De La Rive, A(uguste Arthur). (1801-1873.) Recherches sur la 
polarisation rotatoire magn^tique des liquides. (Arch. Sc. 
Phys. Nat., Geneve, Vol. 38, pp. 209-254.) 8vo. Geneva, 1870 
Magnetic rotatory power of certain liquids. 
— See also 818. 

Z768. Dropsy, Josef. Zasady ogolnego zastosowania elektrycznosci. 
103+ii pp. 8vo. Warsaw, 1870 

The use of electricity, especially the static form, for curative purposes. 

1769. Du Bois-Reymond, (Emil Heinrich). (1818-1896.) Abhand- 

lung ueber die periodische Bewegung gedaempfter Magnete. 
(Nachtrag.) (Sitz. Ber. Akad. Wiss. Math.-Nat. Kl., 1870, pp. 
537-570.) I plate. 8vo. Berlin, 1870 

Some points in the theory of magnetic damping. 
— See also 117a. 

1770. Edlim4 E(rik). (1819-1888.) Recherches sur la force electro- 

motrice dans le contact des metaux et sur la modification de 
cettc force par la chaleur. (M6m. Acad. Sc, Stockholm, Vol. 
9, No. 14.) 44 pp. I plate. 4to. Stockholm, 1870 

Chemical affinity, the Peltier effect, and the e. m. f . of contact. 
— See also 1906, 2025, 3500. 

1771. Gordon, Margaret Maria. The home life of Sir David Brewster, 

by his daughter. Second edition, xi+482 pp. 8vo. 

Edinburgh, 1870 
The authorship of the letter in the Scots Magasine (See No. 378) > aigned 
C. M., is attributed to Charles Morrison of Renfrew, p. ao8. 

426 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

177a. Harrisoiit Charles. On the extraordinary powers of electricity 
as a curative for certain special ailments peculiar to man. 
44 pp. i2mo. London, 1870 

Historical sketch of electricity. 

1773. Hedouin, Paul. L'electricit^ appliqu6e au sondage des mers. 

Les cables electriques sous-marins. 81 pp. 6 plates. L. 8vo. 

Paris, 1870 
Electrical apparatus for deep-sea sounding. 

1774. Holzmueller, (Ferdinand) Gustav. Ueber die Anwendung der 

Jacobi-Hamilton'schen Methode auf den Fall der Anziehung 
nach dem elektrodynamischen Gesetze von Weber. 23 pp. 
8vo. (Inaugural dissertation.) Halle, 1870 

Mathematical dissertation on Weber's electrodynamic law of attraction. 

1775. Lc Cordier, Paul. Sur les aires sph6riques de Gauss, sur la 

periodicite qui caract^rise les potentiels des lignes ferm^es, 
et sur les surfaces des niveaux correspondantes. (Usage des 
potentiels dans I'^lectro-dynamique et dans T^lectro-mag- 
n^tisme. 91 pp. i plate. 4to. (These.) Paris, 1870 

Demonstration and application of Gauss's theorem. 

1776. Lemstroem, (Karl) S(elim). (1838-1904.) Recherches exp^ri- 

mentales sur la marche d'intensit^ des courants d'induction 
voltaique. (Handl. Svenska Vetensk. Akad., Vol. 8, pp. 1-186.) 
4 plates. 4to. Stockholm, 1870 

Currents at making and breaking in an induction coil. 

1777. Obermayer^ (Joseph Vincenz) Albert von. Experimentellc Be- 

stimmung des Leitungswiderstandes in Platin-Blechen. (Sitz. 
Her. Akad. Wiss. Math.-Nat. Kl., Vol. 60, pp. 245-260.) tab. 
8vo. Vienna, 1870 

Resistance and size of electrodes. 

1778. Parkinson, J. C. The Ocean telegraph to India: A narrative 

and diary, xii+328 pp. portr. 8 plates. 8vo. Edinburgh, 1870 
Narrative of the British-Indian telegraph expedition of 1869. 
— See also 35^5. 

1779. Peterin, Julius. Ueber die Bildung elektrischer Ring^Bguren 

durch den Strom der Influenzmaschine. (Sitz. Ber. Akad. 
Wiss. Math.-Nat. Kl., Vol. 62, pp. 679-686.) i plate. 4to. 

Vienna, 1870 
Electrical figures produced by discharges from a Holtz machine. 
— See also 1442. 

1780. Phipson, T(homas) L(amb). Phosphorescence; or, The emis- 

sion of light by minerals, plants and animals, xv-f 210 pp. ill. 
I plate. i2mo. London, 1870 

Observations on the emission of light by minerals and animals; the glow- 
worm, p. 135. 
— See also 11 24. 

1781. Poggendorff, (Johann Christian). (1796-1877.) Ueber einige 

neue, merkwuerdige Eigenschaften der diametralen Conduc- 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

toren an der Elektromaschine, und eine darauf gegniendete 
Doppelmaschine dieser Art. (Sitz. Ber. Akad Wiss. Math.- 
Nat. Kl., 1870, pp. 275-310.) 8vo. Berlin, 1870 

Function of the diagonal conductor of a Holtz machine. 

—See also 1027. 

178a. Raynaud, Jules (Frangois Emmanuel). (1843-1888.) Recherches 
exp6rimentales sur les lois d'Ohm et leurs applications aux 
essais electriques des cables sous-marins. 120 pp. 2 plates. 
4to. (These.) Paris, 1870 

Ohm's law and its application to the determination of faults in telegraph 

circuits. 

— See also 4147. 

1783. Riess, (Peter Theophil.) (1804-1883.) Ueber die Thcorie der 

neuesten Elektrophormaschine und der ueberzaehligen Con- 
ductoren. (Sitz. Ber. Akad. Wiss. Math.-Nat. Kl., 1870, pp. 
1-13.) 8vo. Berlin, 1870 

On the theory of the Holtz machine. 
— See also 863. 

1784. Rothcr, L. F. W. Der Telegraphenbau. Ein Handbuch zum 

praktischen Gebrauch fuer Telegraphen-Techniker und Beamte 
bearbeitet. Third edition, x+306 pp. 8vo. Berlin, 1870 

Construction and operation of telegraphs and submarine cables. 

1785. Tjmdall, John. (1820-1893.) Notes of a course of seven lectures 

on electrical phenomena and theories, delivered at the Royal 
Institution of Great Britain. April-June, 1870. viii-f40 pp. 
i2mo. London, 1870 

A useful risumi of afternoon lectures given at the Royal Institution, April* 
June, 1870. 

Z786. Researches on diamagnetism and magne-crystallic action, 

including the question of diamagnetic polarity. xix-fS^i pp. 
6 plates. 8vo. London, 1870 

Tyndall defends the view that bismuth acquires opposite polarity to that 
of iron when placed in a non-uniform magnetic field. 
— See also 1586. 

1787. Villefranche, J(acques) M(elchior). La telegraphic frangaise; 

etude historique, descriptive, anecdotique et philosophique, 
avec figures, suivie d'un guide-tarif d Tusage des exp6diteurs 
de tei6grammes. viii+348 pp. ill. i2mo. Paris, 1870 

Short history of telegraphy followed by technical and administrative matters. 

1788. Volpicelliy P(aolo). (1804-1879.) Esposizione del modo col 

quale per la prima volta fu applicato il calcolo alia elettro- 
statica e ne fu concluso che la elettricita indotta non tende. 

Memoria per servire alia storia deir elettricita. (Atti Accad. 

Nuovi Lincei, Vol. 23.) 51 pp. 4to. Rome, 1870 

The charge of condensers with special reference to the formula given by 
Aepinus. 
— Sc« also i39f. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

1789. The education and status of civil engineers in the United King- 

dom and in other foreign countries. xvii-|-2i3 pp. 8vo. (In- 
stitution of Civil Engineers Paper.) London, 1870 
Courses of studies in engineering schools in Great Britain and abroad. 

1790. Anon, A(lexander). Compensateur de la deviation du compas 

k bord des navires en fer. 61 pp. 10 plates. 8vo. Paris, 1871 

Brief matliematical and practical treatment of the compensation of ships' 
compasses. 

X79Z. Asrrton, W(illiam) £(dward). On a quantitative method of 
testing a telegraph earth. (Journ. Asiatic Soc, Bengal, Vol. 
40, pp. 177-185.) 8vo. Calcutta, 187 1 

— See also 2043, 3060, 21^7, 2419* 385S« 

1793. Bertelli, Timoteo. (1826-1905.) Intorno a due Codici Vaticani 
della Epistola de magnete di Pietro Peregrino di Maricourt 
ed alle prime osservazioni della declinazione magnetica. (Si 
aggiunge una nota di B. Boncompagni intorno alle edizioni 
della detta epistola del Peregrino.) (Extract, Bull. Bibliogr. 
Storia Sc. Mat. Fis. Vol. IV, pp. 303-332.) 31 PP. 4to. 

Rome, 187 1 
Critical study of the two Vatican codices of the letter of Pgrtgrinus (See 
No. 46), on the magnet; followed by a note on magnetic declination with 
copious references. 
— See also i44i« 

1793. Braun, Karl, (i 831-1907.) Studi sopra gli strumenti magnetic!. 

(Extract, Bull. Meteorol. Collegio Romano, Vol. 10.) 56 pp. 
8vo. Rome, 1871 

Determination of the magnetic dip and declination in the Collegio Romano. 

1794. De la Rive, A(uguste) A(rthur) (1801-1873) & E(douard) Sa- 

rasin. (1843-1890.) De Taction du magn^tisme sur les gaz 
traverses par des decharges ^lectriques. (Arch. Sc Phys. Nat, 
Geneve, Vol. 41, pp. 5-26.) 8vo. Geneva, 1871 

The action of a magnetic field on the electric discharge in rarefied gases. 
— See also 818, 1827. 

1795* (Dioscorides, Dr.) (pseud.) Anno Domini 2071; translated from 
the Dutch original with preface and additional explanatory 
notes by A. V. W. Bikkers. x+132 pp. i2mo. London, 1871 
Work of fancy and humor. 

1796. Du Moncel, Th (Nodose Achille Louis). (1821-1884.) Recherches 
sur les meilleures conditions de construction des 61ectro- 
aimants. xi+124 pp. 8vo. Paris, 1871 

Mathematical investigation of the best way of winding electro-magnets for 

telegraph purposes. 

17968. (English translation.) Elements of construction for electro- 
magnets. Translated by Ch. J. Wharton. xiii-|-86 pp. i2mo. 

London, 1883 
— See also 1223. 

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(3) 

nables, il est possible de realiser uu appareil fournissant des courants coii" 
tinus pendant une dnr^e ind^finie. 

» Supposons en effet que I'electro-aimant, au lieu de presenter la forme 
rectiligne de la fig. i, prenne la forme circulaire EE'E^E* (fig. a). Sou- 





mettons-le k Tacrion simultanee des deux poles N. et S. d'un aimanl en 
fer k cheval N.-O.-S. Supposons Tanneau electro-aimant tournant autour 
de son centre d*un mouvement uniforme dans le sens inciiqu^ par la 
fleche. 

9 Le p6le S. produira, dans la partiede Tanneau qui est dans son voisi- 
nage, \in courant dont le' sens pourra etre determine soit au moyen de 
Texp^rience directe, soit en se reportant 4 celle que nous avons rapportee 
SUP r^iectro-aimant droit. On comprend ais^ment que le pole N. produira 
dan$ son voisinage un courant de sens contraire au pr^edent. EnBu il est 
aise de se rendre comple que, dans les deux parties de Tanneau places a 
angle droit, et qu*on peut appeler moyennes, il n y a aucun courant produit. 
Si done on veut recueiilir les deux courants contraires produits siroultane- 
ment dans le fil de Tanneau Electro-aimant, il suffit d*6tablir deux frotteurs 
cor respond ants atix parties moyennes, qui sont comme les rheophores de 
cette pile d*un nouveau genre. 

» Il est opportun de donner quelques d^taiU sur ces frotteurs, tels qu'ils 
out ete employes jusqu*ici et tels qu'ils sont dans la machiue mise sous les 
yeux de TAcademie. 

» Si le fil enroule sur I'anneau est tres-gros, si en outre on n'a place 
qu*une seule rangee de tours de ce Bl, comme il peut etre utile delefaire 
pour certaines experiences, il suffit de d^nuder le fil sur une ligne et d'eta- 
blir des frotteurs pressant sur cette partie nue. Mais si Ton emploie du Bl 
plus Bn et si Ton met sur Tanneau un grand nombre de rangees de Bl, on 

1800. GRAMME. {Reduced.) 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

1797. Felid, (Riccardo). Sulle azioni elettriche dei corpi non condut- 
tori soggetti all' influenze di un corpo elettrizzato. (Mem. 
della Soc. Italiana dei XL, Vol. II.) 48 pp. 2 plates. 4to. 

Florence, 1871 
Studies of the polarization of the dielectric 
— See also 11 73. 

Z798. Gherardi, S(ilvestro). (1802-1879.) Ragguaglio di un altro 
manoscritto inedito del celebre Galvani. 29 pp. 4to. 

Bologna, 187X 
Latin text of an unpublished electro-physiological paper by Galvani with re- 
marks on the manuscript by Prof. Gherardi. 

I799* Sopra un' idea di telegrafo magnetico. (Extract, Rivista 

Scient. Industr., 1871.) 15 pp. 8vo. Florence, 1871 

This letter refers to the allusion to a magnetic telegraph which occurs in 
Porta's Magiag Naturalis, 1589 (See No. 64); to Famianus Strada's Pr<h 
clusionts Acadgmicae, 161 7 (See No. 90); and van Etten's Ricriations 
Mathhnatiqugs, 1636 (See No. 93). 
— See also 570, 894. 

z8oo. Gramme» Z(enobie) T. Sur une machine magn6to-^lectrique 
produisant des courants continus. 4 pp. ill. 4to. Paris, 1871 
Note on the principle of the Gramme ring. 

z8oz. Green, George. (1793-1841.) Mathematical papers edited by N. 
M. Ferrers, x+336 pp. 8vo. London, 1871 

The term poUntial first used; the concept of potential and its application to 
problems in general physics; propagation of light in crystalline media. 
— See also 840. 

i8o3. HarknesB, William. (1837-1903.) Observations on terrestrial 
magnetism and on the deviations of the compasses of the 
United States iron-clad Monadnock during her cruise from 
Philadelphia to San Francisco, in 1865 and 1866. v+220 pp. 
Folio. (Smithsonian Contributions to Knowledge, No. 239.) 

Washington, 1871 

Z803. Helmholtz, Hermann (Ludwig Ferdinand). (1821-1894.) On 
the relation of the physical sciences to science in general. 
Translated by C. F. Kroeh. (Smithsonian Report, 1871, pp. 
217-234.) 8vo. Washington, 187 1 

— See also 1259* 

1804. KohlrauBch, F(riedrich Wilhelm Georg). Das Weber'sche 

compensirte Magnetometer zur Bestimmung der erdmagne- 
tischen Intensitaet. 13 pp. i plate. 8vo. Gottingen, 187 1 

Theory and use of Weber's magnetometer. 

— See also 1723. 

1805. Le Couteur^ P. E. The questions of the syllabus of examina- 

tion of masters in the laws of the deviation of the compasses 
of an iron ship, and in the means of compensating or cor- 
recting it, with their answers. 41 pp. i plate. i2mo. 

Liverpool, {1871) 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

1806. Reynolds, (Sir) J(ohn) Russell. (1828-1896.) Lectures on the 

clinical uses of electricity, delivered in University College 
Hospital. vii+ii2 pp. 8vo. London, 1871 

1807. Saint-Bdme, Ernest L'61ectricit6 appliqu6e aitx arts m6ca- 

niques, i la marine, au theatre, xi+234 pp. ill. 8vo. 

Paris, 187 J 
Numerous applications of electricity explained and illustrated. 

x8o8. Scholl, G(ottlob) H(einrich) F(riedrich). Grundriss der Na- 
turlehre zum Behufe des populaeren Vortrags dieser Wissen- 
schaft, neu bcarbcitct von Dr. Boeksen. Seventh edition. 
viii+214 pp. ill. 8vo. Ulm, 1871 

A school-primer with chapters on electricity and magnetism. 

1809. Snaithy W. A. Magnetism and electricity for elementary classes. 
Seventh edition. 96 pp. ill. i6mo. Manchester, (1871) 

Work written for beginners. 

x8io. Steinsdmeider^ Moritz. (i 816-1907.) Intorno ad alcuni passi 
d'opere del medio evo relativi alia calamita, lettere a D. B. 
Buoncompagni. (Extract, Bull. Bibliog. Storia Sc. Mat Fis., 
Vol. 4.) 48 pp. 4to. Rome, 1871 

References to the magnet by Arabian writers. 

i8zx. Villari, Emilio. (1836-1904.) Sui fenomeni termici che si mani- 
festano quando la corrente elettrica si stabilisce nel ferro ed 
in altri metalli. (Extract, Nuovo Cimento, Ser. II, Vol. 4.) 
64 pp. I plate. 8vo. Pisa, 1871 

Influence of magnetism on electric conductivity. 
— See also 1894, 1927, 35^1. 

z8xa. Volpicelli, P(aolo). (1804-1879.) Su talune trasformazioni di 
forza viva in calorico e sulla quistione a cio relativa tanto fra 
Grass! e Galileo quanto per Tattrito dell' aria. (Atti Reale 
Accad. Sc. Rome, Vol. 24, pp. 136-164.) 4to. Rome, 1871 

On the equality of work and heat: special reference to the controversy 

between Galileo and Father Grassi on the same subject. 

— See also i399« 
18x3. Ward, J(ames) Clifton, (i 843-1880.) Elementary natural phi- 
losophy; being a course of nine lectures, vi+215 pp. ill. i 
plate. i2mo. London, 187 1 

Information adapted to the capacity of a juvenile audience. 
1814. Whewell, William. (i 794-1866.) Astronomy and general 
physics, considered with reference to natural theology. viii+ 
328 pp. portr. i2mo. London, 1871 

One of the Bridgewater treatises; short sections on the part which electricity 

and magnetism play in the mechanism of the atmosphere. 

— See also 898. 

18x5. Treatise upon terrestrial magnetism. Containing an outline of 
the discoveries and theories connected therewith; an inquiry 
as to whether the terrestrial sphere has four or only two 

432 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

magnetic poles; on the probable causes of terrestrial magnet- 
ism; on irregularities observed in the secular variation, etc. 
vi+179 pp. maps, diagrs. 8vo. Edinburgh, 1871 

Historical outline of magnetie diseoYery; Tariation of dedinatioii in time 

and place; charts of variation; the author's new magnetic theory. 
x8z6. Anderson, (Sir) James. (1824-1893.) Statistics of telegraphy, 
viii-f 121 pp. I map. Svo. London, 1872 

Discussion of the principles which affect the price of messages; also type of 

cable best suited for submarine telegraphy. 

— See also 3985. 

18x7. Bailie, J. Wonders of electricity, translated from the French, 

edited with numerous additions by J. W. Armstrong. viii+ 

335 PP- ill* Pl- 8vo. (Illustrated Library of Wonders, Second 

Series.) New York, 1872 

Short description of an electric telephone, p. 14a; the electrical work of 

CharUs G. Page, p. 324. 

— See also 2061. 
z8i8. Blavier, E(douard) E(rneste). (1826-1887.) Considerations sur 
le service t^legraphique et sur la fusion des administrations, 
des postes et des t^l^graphes. 126 pp. 8vo. Nancy, 1872 

The postal telegraph; telegraph economist. 

— See also 1381. 

1819. Boemstein, Richard. Zur Theorie von RuhmkorfFs Inductions- 

apparat 44 pp. 8vo. (Inaugural dissertation.) Berlin, 1872 
Mathematical theory of the induction coil; discussion of results. 

1820. Bradley, L(everett). Apparatus for electric measurement; with 

rules and directions for its practical application. 30 pp. i 
plate, tabl. Svo. Jersey City, 1872 

Application of the author's galvanometer and rheostat to telegraph testing. 
— See also 3383- 

x8ax. Brooks, David. (1820-1891.) Facts and inferences relating to 
lightning and lightning rods. 16 pp. Svo. Philadelphia, 1872 
— See also 3067, 5387. 

x8aa. Cameron^ Paul. Variation and deviation of the compass recti- 
fied by azimuth and altitude tables, from the equator to the 
latitude of eighty degrees; likewise a treatise on magnetism 
and the deviation of the compass in iron ships. Fourth edi- 
tion, vi-f 50+82 pp. ill. 2 plates. Svo. London, 1872 

X823. Campbell^ H(ugh). Deafness; its various causes, and their suc- 
cessful removal by electrolysis, etc. vi+.i02 pp. ill. i2mo. 

London, 1872 

1824. Cecchiy Filippo. (1822-1887.) Macchina dielettrica. (Extract, 
Rivista Scient-Industr., Vol. 4.) 8 pp. Svo. Florence, 1872 
Electrostatic machine with plates made of insulating materials. 

x8a5. CoUadon, (Jean) Daniel. (180^1893.) M6moire sur les effets 
de la foudre sur les arbres et les plantes ligneuses et I'emploi 
des arbres comme paratonnerres. (Mem. Soc. Phys. Sc. Nat., 
Geneve, Vol. 21, pp. Soi-584.) 23 plates. 4to. Geneva, 1872 
Study of trees struck by lightning: the oak, elm, poplar, chestnut, etc« 
— See also ai88, J444. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

i8a6. Collins, James. Report on the caoutchouc of commerce, being 
information on the plants yielding it, and the possibility of 
their cultivation and acclimation in India; with a memorandum 
on the same subject by Dr. Brandis. xii+55 pp. 4 plates. L. 
8vo. London, 1872 

Sources of supply, methods of preparation, prices, etc. 

x8a7. De la Riye, Auguste (Arthur) (1801-1873) & (Edouard) Sarastn. 
(1843-1890.) Sur la rotation sous Tinfluence magnetique de la 
d^charge ^lectrique dans les gaz rar6fi6s. (Arch. Sc. Phys. 
Nat., Geneve, Vol. 45, pp. 387-407.) 8vo. Geneva, 1872 

The influence of a magnet in causing an electric discharge in vacuo to rotate. 

— See also 81S, 1794. 

z8a8. DeschaneU Augustin Privat. (1821-1883.) Elementary treatise 
on natural philosophy, translated and edited with extensive 
additions by J. D. Everett. Part III. Electricity and magnet- 
ism, viii+pp. 505-783. ill. I plate. 8vo. London, 1872 
Professor Everett has made this a very useful treatise; his 'additions refer 
mainly to electric potential and electrometers. 

X899. Edelmaxm, M(ax) Th(omas). Compensationsgalvanometer fuer 
Messungen nach absolutem Maasse. (Carl's Repertorium, 
Vol. 8, pp. 26-36.) 2 plates. 8vo. Munich, 1872 

Description with drawings of the author's galvanometer for absolute meaa- 
urements. 
— See also 3687. 

X830. Btenaudy Alfred. La t6]^graphie electrique en France et en 
Alg^rie depuis son origine jusqu'au ler Janvier 1872, pr^c6dee 
d'une notice sur la telegraphic aerienne. 2 vols. 8vo. 

Montepellier, 1872 
Brief general history of electric telegraphy; its development in France and 
Alffcria arranged chronologically from 1844 to 187a. 
— See also 4412. 

X83Z. CHierardi, Silvestro. (1802-1879.) Intorno ad alcuni document! 

relativi alia vita e agli studi del Galvani. (Extract, Rendi- 

conti Accad. Sc, Istituto Bologna.) 3 pp. 8vo. Bologna, 1872 

Note relating to the life and work of GalvanL 

— See also 894. 
1833. Gladstone, J(ohn) H(all). (1827-1902.) The life of Faraday. 

A lecture. 16 pp. i2mo. (Science Lectures for the People,^ 

No. 6, IV. Series.) Manchester, 1872 

— See also 1909, 2^19* 3180. 

1833. Gu6rin, Aurilc. fitude sur la telegraphic militaire et sur I'or- 

ganisation du service t61^graphique en campagne. 132 pp. 
8vo. Paris, 1872 

The military telegraph and its use in different countries. 

1834. Hagenbach (-BischafF), (Jacob) Eduard. Verschiedene Ver- 

suche ueber Reibungselektricitaet. (Carl's Repertorium, Vol. 
8, pp, 65-79.) 8vo. Munich, 1872 

Some notes on the development of electricity by friction. 
—See also 426^, 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

1835. Hall, Thomas Wright. New theory of galvanism, the electro- 

therm ology of chemistry; electricity and heat, phases of the 
same principle, x+173 pp. i2mo. Edinburgh, 1872 

Early work on tbermo-chemistry. 

1836. Helmholtz, (Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand). (1821-1894.) Ueber 

die Theorie der Elektrodynamik. (Sitz. Ber. Akad. Wiss. 
Math.-Nat. Kl., 1872, pp. 247-256.) 8vo. Berlin, 1872 

Mathemmtical paper on the principles of dectrodynamica. 
— See also 1359. 

Z837. Jacobi, M(oritz Hermann) von. (1801-1874.) Eine galvanische 
Eisenreduktion unter Einwirkung eines kraeftigen elektro- 
magnetischen Solenoids. (Melanges Phys. Chim., Bull. Acad. 
Sc, St. Petersbourg, pp. 633-643.) i plate. 8vo. 

St Petersburg, 1872 
Electrolytic reduction of iron. 
— See also 907. 

1838. Jarrin, (Charles). (1813-1900.) Ampere, membre de la Soci6t6 
d'fimulation de TAin. 46 pp. 8vo. Bourg, 1872 

The author attributes to Ampere in 1B22 the invention of the electric tel- 
egraph. 

Z839. Kohlrausch, F(riedrich Wilhelm Georg). Leitfaden der prak- 
tischen Physik, mit einem Anhange, das elektrische und mag- 
netische absolute Maass-System. Second edition, xi+219 pp. 
8vo. Leipzig, 1872 

Standard work on electrical measurements. 

z839a. (English translation.) An introduction to physical measure- 
ments, with appendices on absolute electrical measurements, 
etc. Translated from the Second German edition by Thomas 
Hutchinson Waller and Henry Richardson Proctor, xii+249 
pp. 8vo. London, 1873 

z839b. Second edition translated from the fourth German edition. 

xii+344 pp. 8vo. London, 1883 

— See also 1723. 

1840. Ludewig, Julius. Die Telegraphic in staats- und privatrecht- 

licher Beziehung vom Standpunkte der Praxis und des gel- 
tenden Rechtes zur Orientierung fuer ausuebende Beamte und 
das den Telegraphen benutzende Publikum. viii-f 200 pp. 8vo. 

Leipzig, 1872 

The state in relation to telegraph companies. The author advocates state 

ownership. 

— See also 1748. 

1841. Marianini, Pietro Domenico. (1827-1884.) Sopra due fenomeni 

elettrici osservati da Stefano Marianini. (Mem. Accad. Sc, 
Modena, Vol. 13, pp. 19-37.) i plate. 4to. Modena, 1872 

Experiments showing difference between the two Idnds of electricity. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

1S42. Ponainet, Paul. La telegraphic militaire; son role pendant le 
siige de Paris; projet d'organisation. 46 pp. 8vo. Paris, 1872 
Historical review of the militmry telegraph. 

X843. Roger, Gustave. £tude sur les courants interrompus. 50 pp. 
I plate. 4to. (These.) Paris, 1872 

Heat developed by discontinuous currents estimated quantitatively. 

1844. Rosenthal, I(sidor). On electric phenomena. 28 pp. 8vo. 

Berlin, 1872 
General information on electrolysis, primary batteries, electro-magnetic induc- 
tion, etc. 

1845. Rosser, W(illiam) H(enry). The deviation of the compass in 

iron ships, considered practically for use at sea, and for the 
Board of Trade examinations. iv-f44 pp. i plate. 8vo. 

London, 1872 
Practical instructions for use of seamen. 

1846. Schwendler, (Carl) Louis. (1838-1882.) On differential galvano- 

meters. (Journ. Asiatic Soc, Bengal, Vol. 41, part IL, pp. 

144-152; Vol. 42, part IL, pp. i-io.) 8vo. 

Calcutta, 1872-1873 
Conditions for maximum sensitiveness in using the differential galvano- 
meter. 
— See also 1923, 2104, 2173, 3516. 

1847. Thomson, (Sir) William (Lord Kelvin). (1824-1907.) Reprint 

of papers on electrostatics and magnetism, xv+592 pp. 8vo. 

London, 1872 
Collection of forty-two papers on mathematical and experimental physics. 
— See also 1085. 

Z848. Ullrich, Ladislaus, & Rudolf Leutgeb. Der elektrische Tele- 
graph fuer die Armee im Felde. Ein Leitfaden zum Unter- 
richte in den Truppenschulen, bearbeitet nach den besten 
Quellen. 49 pp. ill. 9 plates. 8vo. Vienna, 1872 

Paper on the operation of the field-telegraph. 

1849. Waltenhofen, (Adalbert Carl) von. Ueber die Erzeugung des 

elektrischen Kohlenlichtes mittelst Thermosaeulen. (Sitz. 
Ber. Boehm. Ges. Wiss., 1872, Abt. IL, pp. 6-9.) 8vo. 

Prague, 1872 
Remarks on Noe's thermopile. 
— See also 1757. 

1850. Winter, G. K. On the use of electro-magnetic instead of electro- 

static induction in cable signalling. 5 pp. i2mo. 

Brighton, 1872 
The author's system of signaling dispenses with the use of condensers. 
— See also 1895, 37 "• 

1851. "Dyer" Intensity coils: How made and how used. Seventh edi- 

tion. 53 pp. ill. 8vo. London, 1872 

Current electricity and the induction coil: general information; practical 
notes. 

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CATALOGUE OP WHEELER GIFT 

x85xa. Eighth edition. 63 pp. ill. 8vo. London, 1875 

x85zb. Second American edition from the eighth English edition. 

123 pp. i6mo. New York, 1883 

Z852. Althau8» Julius. Treatise on medical electricity, theoretical 
and practical, and its use in the treatment of paralysis, neu- 
ralgia and other diseases. Third edition, xxviii+729 pp. ill. 
pi. 8vo. London, 1873 

Extensive work on the general principles of electricity, electro-physiology, 
electro-therapeutics, etc. 
— See also 1589. 

x853.t Ampirc, Andre Marie. (1775-1836.) The story of his love, 
being the journal and early correspondence with his family 
circle during the first republic, 1793-1804, edited by Madame 
H. C(heuvreux) from the French, vii+32^ PP. 8vo. 

London, 1S73 

A story which derives its interest from the scientific eminence of the hero. 
— See also 76a. 

1854. Benoit, J(ean) Rene. Etudes exp^rimentales sur la resistance 

electrique des metaux et sa variation sous Tinfluence de la 
temperature. 60 pp. 3 plates. 4to. (These.) Paris, 1873 

Electric resistance of metallic conductors. 
x854a.— — (The same paper.) Abstract. (Comptes rendus Acad. Sc, 
Vol. 76, pp. 342-346.) 4to. Paris, 1873 

— See also 3287. 

1855. Bichat, E(rnest Adolphe). (1845-1905.) Recherches sur la 

polarization rotatoire magnetique. 43 pp. 4to. (These.) 

Paris, 1873 
Influence which the molecular condition (solid, liquid or gaseous), of a sub- 
stance has on its magneto-optic rotatory power. 
X856. Brandely (A). Nouveau manuel complet de galvanoplastique, 
ou, Traite pratique et simplifi6 des manipulations Electro- 
chimiques appliqu6es aux arts et i Tindustrie. 2 vols. ill. 
i6mo. (Manuels-Roret.) Paris, 1873 

Manual of electrotyping and electroplating. 
1857. Branly, Edouard. fitude des phenom^nes electrostatiques dans 
les piles. 52 pp. 4to. (Thise.) Paris, 1873 

The electrical condition of the various parts of a circuit, also the e. m. f . of 
certain primary batteries. 
X858. Byrne, J(ohn). Clinical notes on the electric cautery in uterine 
surgery. 68 pp. ill. 8vo. New York, 1873 

X859. Champion, (M. H.) L'attraction. 69 pp. 8vo. 

Lons-leSaulnier, 1873 
Theoretical views on the constitution of matter; structure of the atom; in- 
terstitial distribution of the ether. 

i860. Denza, Francesco. (1834-1894.) Sulla posslbile connessione tra 
le ecclissi di sole ed il magnetismo terrestre. (Atti Accad 
Nuovi Lincei, Vol. 26, pp. 427-451.) diagr. 4to. Rome, 1873 
Changes in magnetic declination registered at the observatory of Moncalieri 
during the period 1870-1873. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

x86x. Dippel, (Leopold) and others. Die gesammten Naturwissen- 
schaften, bearbeitet von Dippel, Gottlieb, Gurlt, Klein, Maed- 
ler, Masius, Moll, Nauck, Noeggerath, Quenstedt, Reclam, 
Reis, Romberg, Zech. Eingeleitet von Hermann Masius. 
Third edition. Vol. I. (Complete in 3 vols.) ill. pis. 8vo. 

Essen, 1873 
Work on general physics. 

i86a. Domalip, Karl. Ueber den Widerstand einer Kreisscheibe bei 
verschiedener Lage der Elektroden. (Sitz. Ber. Akad. Wiss. 
Math.-Nat. Kl., Vol. 68, pp. 303-312.) Svo. Vienna, 1873 

Resistance of a circular disc with regard to the position of the electrodes. 
— See also 37Jt. 

X863. Du Monce^ Th(^odose Achille Louis). (1821-1884.) Notice 
sur les travaux scientifiques. 58 pp. 4to. Paris, 1873 

Account of the Du Moncel's scientiiic work. 

z864« Origine de Tinduction. 25 pp. 8vo. Caen, 1873 

General considerations on electrostatic, magnetic and electro-magnetic induc- 
tion. 
— See also 1223. 

Z865. Gherardi, Silvestro. (1802-1879.) Galvani. (Atti Accad. Sc, 
Istituto Bologna, 1873.) 6 pp. 8vo. Bologna, 1873 

Note on Galvani; some of his manuscripts; his studies and discoveries. (Au- 
tograph copy, dedicated to Prof. Buff.) 
— See also 894. 

z866. Haanel, Eugene (Emil Felix Richard). Gal vanome trie method 
for the determination of the earth's magnetism and its oscil- 
lations. 44 pp. 6 plates. 8vo. (Inaugural dissertation.) 

Breslau, 1873 
Weber's method is used. 

Z867. Haskins, C(harles) H(amilton). The galvanometer and its uses. 
A manual for electricians and students. 76 pp. ill. i2mo. 

New York, 1873 
Electric measurements involving the use of the galvanometer; electrical mem- 
oranda, 

1868. Helmholtz, (Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand). (1821-1894.) Ver- 
gleich des Ampere'schen und Neumann'schen Gesetzes fuer 
die elektro'dynamischen Kraefte. (Sitz. Ber. Akad. Wiss. 
Math.-Nat. Kl., 1873, pp. 91-104.) Svo. Berlin, 1873 

The potential-function applied to problems in electrodynamics. 
—See also 1259. 

Z869. Hoskiaer, (Otto) V(aldemar). Guide for the electric testing of 
telegraph cables. viii+S4 pp. 10 plates. i2mo. London, 1873 
The usual tests for conductivity, charge, insulation and faults with useful 
formulae. 

z869a. Second edition, viii-f-72 pp. pi. i2mo. London, 1879 

z869b. (French translation.) Guide des epreuves ^lectriques i 

faire sur les cables tel^graphiques. Traduit sur la seconde 
Edition anglaise par A. L. Ternant. 88 pp. ill. 8vo. 

Paris, 1882 
-—See also aoSs. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

X870. Jenkin, (Henry Charles) Fleeming. (1833-1885.) Electricity 
and magnetism, xii+379 pp. ill. i2mo. (Text-books of 
Science.) London, 1873 

Handbook containing theory and practice. 

— See alto 1677. 

1871. (Lacoine, £mile.) Nouvelles m^thodes pour determiner les 
constantes voltaiques. (Journ. T^l^gr., Vol. 2, pp. 196-198.) 
I plate. 8vo. Bern, 18/3 

Remarks on the determination of the electromotive force and internal resist- 
ance of a battery. 
— See also 1944, 2088, 3583. 

1873. Maxwell, James Clerk. (1831-1879.) Treatise on electricity and 
magnetism. 2 vols. 20 plates. 8vo. (Clarendon Press Series.) 

Oxford, 1873 
This is the first edition of Qerk Maxwell's epoch-making work. 

z87aa. Second edition. 2 vols. 20 plates. 8vo. (Clarendon Press 

Series.) Oxford, i88j 

The most important changes made in this edition are in the first nine chap- 
ters. It was prepared by W. D. Niven of Trinity College, Cambridge. 
— See also 2039, 2090, 2243, 3034. 

Z873. Miriel, G(ilbert). Telegraphe Hughes; album de 22 planches 
in quarto contenant 79 figures dont quatre vues d'ensemble 
de Tappareil en demi-grandeur, en plan, ^16vation, profil et 
vue perspective, et toutes ses pieces de detail en grandeur 
naturelle: suivi d'un texte explicatif. 55 pp. 22 plates. 4to. 

Brest, 1873 
Description of telegraph apparatus devised by Prof. Hughes. 

X874. Pepper, John Henry. (1821-1900.) Chemistry, embracing the 
metals and elements which are not metallic, iv-l-144 pp. ill. 
i2mo. London, (1873) 

The outlines of the subject intended for the general reader. 

1875.— — Chemistry, electricity, light. iv+i44+iv+i46+iv+i26 pp. ill. 
8vo. London, {1873^1876) 

Elementary handbook. Prof. Pepper was, for many years, a popular ex- 
pounder of science at the Polytechnic Institution, London. 

1876, Electricity, embracing voltaic, galvanic or dynamical elec- 
tricity. 146 pp. ill. i2mo. London, (1873) 

1877. Heat, embracing thermometric heat, conduction of heat, 

latent heat, steam. 88 pp. ill. i2mo. London, {1873) 

Series of experiments admitting of popular demonstration. 

1878. Magnetism, embracing electro-magnetism, magneto-elec- 
tricity, thermo-electricity, dia-magnetism, Wheatstone's tel- 
egraphs. 87 pp. ill. i2mo. London, {1873) 
Reproduced from the author's "Cyclopaedic Science simplified" (See No. 
1751). 
— See also isaS. 

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CATALOGUE OP WHEELER GIFT 

X879. Perrin, Paul. £tude sur les Eclairs. 108 pp. i2mo. Paris, {1S73) 
Explanation of the form and appearances of lightning baaed on the princi- 
plet of mechanics. 

z88a Phin, John. Plain directions for the construction and erection 
of lightning-rods. Second edition. 31 pp. ill. i2mo. 

New York, 1873 

Simple instructions on the maintenance of lightning-rods. 
1881. Pierloty L6on. De la pile au bichromate de potasse. 19 pp. 4to. 
(Thise.) Paris, 1873 

Remarks on the bichromate battery. 

x88a. Ponzoni^ B(eniamino) A. Manuale pratico-elementare di tele- 
grafia, ad uso degli aspiranti agli impieghi telegrafici gover- 
nativi. Second edition. (2. edizione riveduta e corretta.) 
xiv-f-323 pp. 6 plates, ill. i2mo. Milan, 1873 

Elementary manual of telegraphy. 
— See also 1996. 

X883. PoiTO, I(gnazio). (1795-1875.) "What is ether, electricity and 
its velocity." English translation. (A periodical excerpt.) 15 
pp. 8vo. London, 1873 

"Matter in the state of extreme diffusion fills infinite space and constitutes 
what we call ether/* p. is. 

1884. Rota» Giuseppe. Sulle gomene elettriche sottomarine. 56 pp. 

8vo. (Inaugural dissertation.) Turin, 1873 

Selection of a cable route; laying the cable. 
X885. Sack, Joseph. Der Druck-Telegraph Hughes in seiner jetzigen 

Gestalt. Speciell fuer Telegraphen-Beamte. 84 pp. 3 plates. 

8vo. Berlin, 1873 

The Hughes telegraph and its operation. 

— See also 2x00. 

x886. Sarratea, M. £. de. Telegrafo Trasandino. Segunda memoria 
del directorio. Mayo 31, 1873. 50 pp. 8vo. Valparaiso, 1873 
Construction of a telegraph-line across the Andes. 

X887. Smith, Walter G(eorge). Lectures on the clinical uses of elec- 
tricity. 51+iii pp. i2mo. Dublin, 1873 
Four lectures given to medical students. 

x888. Temant, A. L. Telegraphic duplex. (Extract, Ann. Industr., 
1873, Vol. 5.) 29 pp. ill. 8vo. Paris, 1873 

Brief history of duplex telegraphy; practical methods. 

X889. ^Transmission des signaux par cables sous-marins. (Extract, 

Ann. Industr., 1873, Vol. 5.) 25 pp. i plate. 8vo. 

Paris, 1873 
Apparatus used for recdving cable-messages. 
— ^See also 1756. 

1890. Thomson, (Sir) William (Lord Kelvin). (1824-1907.) On sig- 
nalling through submarine cables, illustrated by signals trans- 
mitted through model submarine cable, exhibited by mirror 

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CATALOGUE OP WHEELER GIFT 

galvanometer, and by siphon recorder. (Trans. Instit Engin. 
& Shipbuilders, Sess. i6, pp. 1-2.) 8vo. Glasgow, 1873 

Note on the dectrostatie captdty of a submarine cable. 
— See alto 1085. 

1891. Thomson, (Sir) William (Lord Kelvin) (1824-1907) & P(eter) 

G(uthrie) Tait. (1831-1900.) Elements of natural philosophy. 
Part I. 8vo. (Clarendon Press Series.) Oxford, 1873 

The object of this great work is to give an account of what is known of 
natural philosophy in language adapted to the non-mathematical reader, and 
at the same time to furnish mathematical students with a connected outline 
of the analytical processes involved. 
— See also 1085, 3650. 

1892. Tibbits, Herbert. A handbook of medical electricity, xvi^- 

149 pp. ill. 8vo. London, 18/3 

Written for the medical practitioner. 
— See also a 180. 

X893. Bogaert, Van der. La telegraphic eiectrique de campagne. 
Second edition. 84 pp. 4 plates. i2mo. Brussels, 1873 

The field-telegraph: its history and operation. 

1894. Villari, Emilio. (1836-1904.) Sulla diversa tensione delle cor- 
renti elettriche indotte fra circuiti totalmente di rame od in 
parte di ferro. (Mem. Accad. Sc, Instit. Bologna, Sen III, 
Vol. 4, pp. 449-462.) 4to. Bologna, 1873 

Remarks on the variable stage of a current when iron forms part of the 

circuit. 

— ^Sec also x8zx. 

X895. Winter, G. K. On duplex telegraphy J its application to land 
lines. II pp. 3 plates. 8vo. {London, 1873) 

The duplex system of Gintl (1853), Siemens, Stearns (xS/s); also the 
author's improvements. 
— See also 1850. 

1896. Der Telegraph im Gebrauche des Publikums. Ein Ratgeber 
fuer Telegraphierende. Unter Benutzung der amtlichen Ma- 
terialien. Herausgegeben von einem praktischen Telegra- 
phen-Beamten. xii+174 pp. i2mo. Munster, 1873 

General information on the transmission of telegraph dispatches. 

X897. Becker, Bernard H(enry). Scientific London, viii+340 pp. 8vo. 

London, 1874 
Chapter X. is devoted to the Society of Telegraph Engineers. 

1898. Bouty, £(dmond Marie Leopold). £tudes sur le magn^tisme. 

48 pp. 4to. (Thise.) Paris, 1874 

A new method of comparing the magnetic moment of small magnets; rup- 
ture of bar and cylindrical magnets; insufficiency of magnetic theories. 
— See also 2066. 

1899. Buckmaster, J(ohn) C(harle8). Elements of magnetism and 

electricity. Seventh edition, xxiii+204 pp. ill. i2mo. 

London, 1874 
Work for beginners. 
— See also 1590. 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

1900. Callaud, A. Traite des paratonnerres, leur utilite, leur theorie, 

leur construction, viii+174 pp. ill. L. 8vo. Paris, 1874 

History, theory and construction of lightning-rods for buildings, ships mnd 

powder-magmzines. 

— See also 1933* 

1901. Carvalho, Maximiano de. Memoria sobre o fluido electro-dy- 

namico applicado as cidades para as fazer saudaveis e flores- 
centes. 25 pp. 8vo. Rio de Janeiro, 1874 

Considerations on the various properties of the electric current. 

xgos. CUuBon-Thue, W. ABC universal commercial electric tele- 
graphic code, specially adapted for the use of merchants, ship- 
owners, brokers' agents, etc. vii-l-224 pp. 8vo. 

London, 1874 
A business handbook. 

X903. Du Bois-Resrmond, (Emil Heinrich). (1818-1896.) Fortge- 
setzte Bemerkungen ueber astatische Magnete. (Sitz. Ber. 
Akad. Wiss. Math.-Nat. Kl., 1874, pp. 767-790.) 8vo. 

Berlin, 1874 

Remarks on the astatic system of magnetic needles. (See No. 1516.) 
— See also 1172. 

1904. Du MonceU Th(eodose Achille Louis). (1821-1884.) Determi- 
nation des elements de construction des ^lectro-aimants sui- 
vant les applications auxquelles on veut les soumettre. (Mem. 
Soc. Sc. Nat., Cherbourg, Vol. 18, pp. 265-303.) 8vo. 

• Cherbourg, (1874) 

Application of certain empirical formulae used in the construction of electro- 
magnets. 

Z905. Recherches sur les transmissions ^lectriques a travers les 

corps ligneux. 21 pp. — Recherches sur la conductibilit6 61ec- 
trique des corps ligneux et autres corps mauvais conducteurs. 
9 pp. 4to. Paris, 1874 

Electrical conductivity of various kinds of wood. 
-~See also 1323. 

1906. Edlund, E(rik). (1819-1888.) Theorie des ph^nomcnes 61ec- 

triques. (Mem. Acad. Sc, Stockholm, Vol. 12, No. 8.) 73 pp. 
4to. Stockholm, 1874 

Researches bearing on electrical theory. 
— See also 1770. 

1907. Fonvielle, W(ilfrid) de. De I'utilite des paratonnerres et de 

la necessity de les control er. 36 pp. i2mo. Paris, 1874 

Remarks on the construction and protective function of lightning-rods. 
— See also 1675. 

1908. Gay-Lussac, Louis Joseph (1778-1850) & C(laude) S(ervais) 

M(athias) Pouillet (i 791-1868.) Instruction sur les paraton- 
nerres, adoptee par TAcademie des Sciences, i. Partie, 1823. 

442 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

M. G.-L. rapporteur. II. Partie, 1854. M. Pouillet, rapporteur. 
III. Partie. M. Pouillet, rapporteur, vi+143 pp. ill. i2mo. 

Paris, 1874 
These instructions relate to the erection and essential conditions of a good 
lightning-conductor with numerous diagrams and references to special build- 
ings. 
— See also 912. 

1910. Gloesener, (Michael). (1794-1876.) £tudes sur T^lectro-dy- 
Third edition. viii+i79 pp. portr. i2mo. London, 1874 

Monograph of the great English electrician by one who knew him welL 
— See also 183 a. 

1910. Gloesener, (Michael). (1794-1876.) Etudes sur Tilectro-dy- 
namique et relectro-magn6tisme. Importance du principe du 
renversement alternatif du courant dans les 61ectro-aimant8. 
Ill pp. 8vo. Brussels, 1874 

Telegraph instrument inrented by the author together with other relevant 
matter. 
— See also 1095. 

191X. Goldsmid, (Sir) Frederic John. Telegraph and travel: a nar- 
rative of the formation and development of telegraphic com- 
munication between England and India* With maps and il- 
lustrations. xiv-l-673 pp. ill. maps. pi. 8vo. London, 1874 
The Persian Gulf cable also the Rusao-Persian lines. The volume contains 
a map showing the telegraph lines to India, 1874. 
— See also 4604. 

191 2. Ho£Fmann, Friedrich Wilhelm. Otto von Guericke, Buerger- 

meister der Stadt Magdeburg; ein Lebensbild aus der deut- 
schen Geschichte des XVIII. Jahrhunderts. Herausgegeben 
von J. O. Opel. vi-f25o pp. portr. 8vo. Magdeburg, 1874 

Chapter on the work of von Guericke as a physicist. 

1913. Houzeau, Louis. Guide pratique pour Temploi de I'appareil 

Morse, suivi du service de Tappareil i cadran et des indica- 
tions relatives i Tentretien des piles. 172 pp. ill. pi. 8vo. 

Paris, 1874 
Written for the instruction of the telegraphist. 

1914. Huxley, T(homas) H(enry). (1825-1895.) Joseph Priestley. 

(Macmillan's Mag., Vol, 36, pp. 473-485) 8vo. London, 1874 
Priestley's scientific work, his philosophy, and religious views being an ad- 
dress delivered by Prof. Huxley in Birmingham, August, 1874. 

1915. Lardner, Dionysius. (1793-1859.) Electricity, magnetism and 

acoustics. xix-f442 pp. ill. pi. i2mo. (Handbook of Natural 
Philosophy.) London, 1874 

This volume contains a general elementary treatment of electrical and mag- 
netic phenomena. 
— See also 876. 

19x6. Lloyd, Humphrey. (1800-1881.) Treatise on magnetism, gen- 
eral and terrestrial, xv+239 pp. 3 plates. 8vo. London, 1874 
The subject is thoroughly treated as far as elementary mathematics allows. 
— See also 1023. 

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CATALOGUE OP WHEELER GIFT 

X917. Loomis, Elias. (1811-1889.) Elements of natural philosophy. 
Fifth edition. 351 pp. ill. 8vo. New York, 1S74 

The essentials of nutgnetism tnd electricity. 
— See also 1365. 

1918. Ludewig, Julius. Der Reichstelegraphist Ein Handbuch zum 

Selbstunterricht und zur Vorbereitung auf das Telegraphisten- 
examen, sowie zum Gebrauche fuer Telegraphenbeamte. xi+ 
404 pp. ill. 2 maps. 8vo. Leipsig, 1874 

Practical treatise on telegraphy. 
• See also 1748. 

1919. Odstrcil, J. Zur Erklaerung der periodischen Aenderungen der 

Elemente des Erdmagnetismus. (Sitz. Ber. Akad. Wiss. 
Math.-Nat. Kl., Vol. 69, pp. 860-888.) 8vo. Vienna, 1874 

The periodical changes of the magnetic elements. 
X9aa Orton, Willi&m. (1826-1878.) A letter to the postmaster-gen- 
eral revising the recommendations of his annual report in 
favor of a postal telegraph. 38 pp. 8vo. New York, 1874 

What the government has done for telegraphs and railroada. 
— See also 5250. 

1931. Picardat, A(uguste Jean Baptiste). Les mines dans la guerre 
de campagne. Expos6 des divers proc6d^s d'inflammation des 
mines et des p6tards de rupture. Emploi de preparations 
pyrotechniques et emploi de r6Iectricit6. 163 pp. ill. i2mo. 

Paris, 1874 
Batteries, magneto-exploders and fuses employed in firing mines and tor* 
pedoes. 

1922. Reverdito, G. Morse e la sua telegrafia. 128 pp. pi. i2mo. 

Monia, 1874 
Brief history of telegraphic discovery with some details of the Morse system 
of transmission. 

1933. Schwcndlcr, (Carl) L(ouis). (1838-1882.) On the general 
theory of duplex telegraphy. (Jour. Asiatic Soc, Bengal, Vol. 
43, pp. 1-2.) 8vo. Calcutta, 1874 

Theory and practice of the "bridge** method; also historical sketch. 
— See also 1846. 

1924. Siemens, (Ernst) Werner. (1816-1892.) Beitraege zur Theorie 

der Legung und Untersuchung submariner Telegraphenlei- 
tungen. (Sitz. Ber. Akad. Wiss. Math.-Nat. Kl., 1874, PP. 795- 
826.) 8vo. Berlin, 1874 

Additions to the theory of laying and testing submarine telegraphs. 
— See also 1214, 

1925. Stewart, Balfour. (1828^1887.) Lessons in elementary physics. 

x+275 pp. ill. I plate. i6mo. London, 1874 

Manual of general physics. 
— See also 2428, 3149* 

1926. Stok, Johannes Paul van der. Over energie bij elektriciteit. 

48 pp. 8vo. Utrecht, 1874 

Electrical energy; a mathematical paper. 
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CATALOGUE OP WHEELER GIFT 

1997. Villariy £(milio.) (1836-1904.) Ricerche sulle correnti inter- 
rotte cd invertite studiatc nei loro effctti termici cd elettro- 
dinamici. Memoria. 49 pp. 2 plates. 8vo. Pisa, 1874 

Increase of resistanoe arising from rapid reversal of the current. 
— See also i8zx. 

1928. Watt, Alexander. (1823-1892.) Electro-metallurgy practically 
tested. Fifth edition, viii+152 pp. ill. i2mo. (Weale's Rudi- 
mentary Series, No. 135.) London, 1874 

iQaSa. Sixth edition, with considerable additions, x+iqs pp. i2mo. 

London, 1877 
— See also 31 16, 3975. 

X939. Electric telegraph. (British Quart. Rev., No. 118, pp. 438-470.) 
8vo. London, 1874 

General article: the C. M, of the Scott Maganng, 1753 (See No. 37S), is 
asserted on the authority of Brewster to be Charles Morrison and not 
Charles Marshall. 

1930. International correspondence by means of numbers. 56 pp. 

l2mo. London, 1874 

The prindiwl words in a language are represented by numbers. 

i930'j*biB. Ampdre, Andr6 Marie (i 775-1836) and J^an Jacques Am- 

pirc. (1800-1864.) Correspondence et souvenirs. (1805- 

1864.) Recueillis par Madame H. C(heuvreux). 2 vols. 508 

+461 pp. i2mo. Paris, 1875 

— See also 76a. 

1931. Begbie, Elphinstone. Description of an improved cryptograph. 

Third edition. 47 pp. pi. i2mo. Madras, 1875 

The first edition of this pamphlet on secret correspondence appeared in 1870. 
— See also 3754. 

1932. Brown, J. W. Magnetacea, a new invention in curative magnet- 

ism. 31 pp. i2mo. London, 1875 

"The human frame absorbs magnetism as easily and naturally as the plant 
absorbs nourishment from the soil," p. xo. 

X933. Callaudy A. Essai sur les piles. Second edition, viii-f 124 pp. 
2 plates. i2mo. Paris, 1875 

Theory of the voltaic battery; the various batteries in common use and 
means to obtain the highest efficiency. 
— See also 1900. 

1934. Clark, Josiah Latimer. (1822-1898.) Autobiographical notes. 

MSS. 187^1889 

These manuscript notes extend down to 1875. Bom at Great Marlow, 1822; 
engineer to the Atlantic Telegraph Company, 1859; member of the Institu- 
tion of Qvil Engineers, 1861; Electrical Measurement published, 1868; the 
standard cell, 1873; elected Fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society, 1874; 
member of the Physical Society, 1875; President of the Society of the Tel- 
egraph Engineers (now Institution of Electrical Engineers), 1875; Chevalier 
de la Legion d'Honncur, 1881; Fellow of the Royal Society, 1889. 
— See also 1509. 

1935. Cook, John. Magnetism and electricity. 108 pp. ill. i2mo. 

(Chambers's Elementary Science Manuals.) London, 187$ 
A primer of the subject. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

1936. Ciystal, G. Electricity. (Encyclopaedia Britannica, Ninth edi- 

tion, pt. 29, pp. 3-105.) 4to. Edinburgh, {1875} 

A valuable treatiie on electricity. 

1937. Culley, Richard Spelman & Robert Sabine. (1837-1884.) On 

the pneumatic transmission of telegrams. 57 pp. 8vo. 

London, 1873 
Theoretical principles and technical details. 
— See also 1567, 1698. 

1938. Douglas, John Christie. Manual of telegraph construction; the 

mechanical elements of electric telegraph engineering. xxiii+ 
421 pp. i2mo. London, 1875 

Handbook of the principles and practice of civil engineering necessary for 
the telegraph engineer. 

1939. Everett, J(oseph) D(avid). (1831-1904*) Illustrations of the 

centimetre-gramme-second (c. g. s.) system of units. xi-h92 
pp. 8vo. London, 1873 

This is the first edition of a standard work on physical constants. 
— See also ^074, 3139. 

1940. Gaugain, J(ean) M(othee). (1811-1880.) M6moire sur le ma- 

gnetisme, 6tud6 du moyen des courants d'induction. 42 pp. 
ill. 8vo. Caen, 1875 

Theory of magneto-electric machines. 
— See also 3129. 

Z941. Henry, Joseph. (1797-1878.) Directions for constructing light- 
ning-rods. 3 pp. 8vo. (Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collec- 
tions, No. 237.) Washington, 1875 
Rules for general guidance in constructing lightning-conductors. 
— See also looa. 

1943. Jones, T(homas) R(upert). Manual of the natural history, 

geology and physics of Greenland and the neighbouring 
regions, prepared for the use of the Arctic expedition of 1875, 
under the direction of the Arctic Committee of the Royal 
Society. Together with instructions suggested by the Arctic 
Committee of the Royal Society for the use of the expedition. 
vi-|-86-|-xii-f-783 pp. ill. 3 maps. 8vo. Published by authority 
of the lords commissioners of the Admiralty. London, 1875 
Notes by Kelvin, Stokes, Spottiswoode, Lockyer, Adams and Roscoe on tcr^ 
restrial magnetism, atmospheric electricity, astronomy and meteorology. 
Z943. Karras, (Adam) Johannes. Ueber die Bestimmung der In- 
tensitaet des Erdmagnetismus vermittels eines nahezu asta- 
tischen Nadelpaares. 24 pp. 8vo. (Inaugural dissertation.) 

HalU, 1875 
Theory and use of the astatic system of magnetic needles. 

1944. Lacoine, fimile. Nouvelle m6thode pour la determination d'une 

perte dans un cable sous-marin. (Extract, Bull. Soc. Sc, 
Industr. Marseille.) 7 pp. 8vo. Constantinople {1875) 

Fault-test for submarine cable. 

— See also 1871. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

1945. McGregor, W(illiam). Protection of life and property from 

lightning during thunderstorms. 43 pp. 8vo. Bedford, 187$ 
The lightning-conductor in theory tnd practice. 
— See also 2036, 3413. 

1946. Mueller, E. Telegraphcn-Technik, ein Hilfsbuch zur Vorberei- 

tung fuer die Pruefung zum Telegraphen-Secretair. 149 pp. 
ill. 8vo. Zabern, 1875 

Handbook of applications of the electric current to telegraphy and metallurgy. 

1947. Neyreneuf, V. Sur le role dans les phenomenes electriques, des 

substances isolantes en contact avec des corps conducteurs. 
76 pp. ill. 4to. (These.) Paris, 1875 

The rdle of the non-conductor in the electrophorus and electrostatic con- 
denser. 

1948. Pacinotti, Antonio. Sulla elettricita data dalle coppie per at- 

trito. (Nuovo Cimento, Vol. 13, pp. 5-22; Vol. 14, pp. 128- 
131+137-202.) 8vo. Pisa, 1873 

Development of electricity by the contact of two metallic discs. 
— See also 1601. 

1949. Pisati, G(iuseppe). Difesa deir antica teoria della induzione 

elettro-statica. (Mem. Spettroscopisti Ital., Vol. 4, App. pp. 

1-7.) I plate. 4to. Palermo, 1875 

Brief defence of the theory, of free and bound charges in electrostatics. (See 
No. lapo, I993> aoia.) 
— See also 1993- 

1950. Poggendorffy (Johann Christian). (1796-1877.) Fernere That- 

sachen zur Begruendung endgueltiger Theorie der Elektro- 
maschine zweiter Art. (Sitz. Ber. Akad. Wiss. Math.-Nat. 
Kl., 1875, pp. 53-70.) 8vo. Berlin, 1875 

Theory of the influence machine. 
— See also 1027, 

1951. Preston, S(amuel) Tolver. Physics of the ether. 136 pp. 8vo. 

London, 1875 
The author's views on cohesion, chemical affinity, and the general phenomena 
of attraction and repulsion; work of original thought. 

195a. Prime, Samuel Irenaeus. (1812-1885.) Life of Samuel F. 
B. Morse, inventor of the electro-magnetic recording 
telegraph, xii+776 pp. ill. pi. portr. 8vo. New York, 1875 

1 953- Pulvermacher, I(saac) L. Galvanic electricity; its pre-eminent 
power and effects in preserving and restoring health made 
plain and useful. 104 pp. 8vo. London, 1873 

Besides notes on curative electricity the pamphlet contains list of PulTcr- 
macher's '^ventiona." 
— See also 3890. 

1954. R088, W(illiam) A(lexander). The equatorial needle, or, A 
compass which swings E. and W.; a magnetic-meridian com- 
pass for iron ships; and some new observations on magnet 
manipulation. 12 pp. 8vo. London, 1873 

The hair-pin "needle" is described on p. ix. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

1955. Rowell, G(eorge) A(ugustus). A brief essay on meteorological 

phenomena and on electricity as the expansive force of steam: 
with a claim for the investigation of the theory. 29 pp. 8vo. 

Oxford, j8/3 
The author inclines to the belief that electricity ii a material lubatance. 
— See also 1465. 

1956. Siemens, Ernst W(erner). (1816-1892.) Messung der Fort- 

pflanzungsgeschwindigkeit der Elektricitaet in suspendirten 
Draehtcn. (Sitz. Ber. Akad. Wiss. Math.-Nat. Kl., 1875, pp. 
774-786.) 8vo. Berlin, 1875 

Experimental inquiry into the Telocity of propagation of electricity along 
suspended wires. 
— See also 1S14. 

X957. Sprague, John T. Electricity; its theory, sources and applica- 
tions. iv+384 pp. ill. i2mo. London, 1875 

X957a. Second edition, greatly enlarged, xi+650 pp. ill. i2mo. 

London, 1884 
Handbook useful to students of electrical engineering. 
— See also 397a. 

Z958. Vauchier, L. L. The Simplon railway tunnel. Considered in 
the interest of France, England and North-West Europe. 22 
pp. I map. L. 8vo. London, 1875 

The Simplon and Mont Blanc routes compared. 

1959. Wallenstein, Ig(naz Gustav). Theorie der elektromagnetischen 
Wirkung spiralfoermiger Stromleiter. 32 pp. 2 plates. 8vo. 

Brunn, 1875 

Spirally wound electric conductors: mathematical theory. 
Z960. Wuellner, (Friedrich Hugo Anton) A(dolph). Lehrbuch der 
Experimental-Physik. Third edition. Vol. IV. Lehre vom 
Magnetismus und von der Elektricitaet. ill. 8vo. 

Leipzig, 1873 
Mathematical and experimental treatise. 
Z96Z. Zetzsche, Karl Eduard. (1830-1894.) Die Entwicklung der au- 
tomatischen Telegraphic. 65 pp. ill. 4to. Berlin, 187$ 

Development of the automatic telegraph. 

1962. Zur Geschichte der Magneto-Inductions-Maschinen mit un- 

unterbrochenem Strom von unveraenderlicher Richtung. 12 
pp. I plate. 8vo. Augsburg, 1875 

Historical notice of the magneto-electric machine; Pacinotti's dynamo. 
— See also 1632. 

1963. AlthauB, Julius. Practical notes on the use of galvanism and 
faradism in the diagnosis and treatment of disease. 90 pp. 
i2mo. London, 1876 

— See also 1589. 

Z964. Amyclanus (pseud.). An inquiry into the nature and results 
of electricity and magnetism. 344 pp. map. pi. i2mo. 

London, 1876 
General discussion of electric and magnetic phenomena; the rotation of the 
earth is attributed to the electric action of the sun, p. 310. 

448 



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CATALOGUE OP WHEELER GIFT 

1965. Ausserer, C. Die Geschichte der Magnetnadel. 32 pp. 8vo. 

U876) 
History of the magnetic needle; dtacovery of declination and dip. Hart* 
mann'i note of the year i544« announcing the diacovery of magnetic dip, 
p. 30. 

1966. Barry, (Sir) John Wolfe. Railway appliances, a description of 

details of railway construction subsequent to the completion 
of the earthworks and structures. xiii-|-299 pp. ill. i2nio. 
(Text-books of Science.) London, 1S76 

The block-system, electric signals, etc. 

1967. Beechey, Frederick S. Electrotelegraphy. 126 pp. ill. 12010. 

London, 1876 
Primer of the subject. 
X967-}- bis. BcU Telephone. — Newspaper articles (107) relating to 
Alexander .Graham Bell's Electric Speaking Telephone, pub- 
lished between May 31, 1876, and June 23, 1877, copied (type- 
written) from clippings contained in Mr. Bell's scrap-book. 
405 pp. 4to. 1876-1877 

Tlie articles are, with two exceptions, extracted from American newspapers. 
The earliest in date (May 31, 1876), is from the Boston Transcript and con- 
sists of a report of a paper by Prof. A. Bell entitled: Res9tirch*M in Tel- 
ephony, read May a 5th before the Society of Arts. — From the Boston Adver- 
tiser, of September asth, 1876, is an article: Science tfi America. Remarks 
by Dr. William Thomson before the British Association.'—The result of ex- 
periments in transmitting audible speech nearly 200 miles by wire ia discussed 
at length in the various Boston papers. — Boston Daily Advertiser, March 
29th, 1877. The electric telephone. Report on awards given by order of 
the U. S. Centennial Commission. — ^Prof. Bell's lectures in different places 
before public and scientific bodies are given, together with newqiaper com- 
ments thereon. 
— See also 2oo6bis, 2135, 2225, 2268, 5086. 

1968. Bevon, G. Philips. British Manufacturing industries, iv-f-218 

pp. ill. 8vo. London, 1876 

No. X. Bedford, Ship-Building.— No. 2. SaUna, Robert. Telegraphy (pp. 65. 
X2i). — Wrigfatson, Agricultural machinery. — Clark, D. Ejnnear, Railways 
and tramways. 

1969. Bontemps, C(harles). Les syst^mes t616graphiques a^riens- 

61ectriques-pneumatiques. 2 parts, ill. 12 plates. 8vo. 

Paris, 1876 
Detailed account of three telegraph systems: the mechanical, electric and 
pneumatic. 
— See also 3773. 

1970. Clark, (Josiah) Latimer (1822-1898) & Robert Sabine (1837- 

1884). Tavole e formole elettriche. Traduzione di M. Pugnetti. 

256 pp. ill. 8vo. Rome, 1876 

Tables and electric formulae compiled from the works of Clark and Sabine, 
with additions by the translator. 
— See also 1509, 1698. 
197Z. Gumming, Linnaeus. Introduction to the theory of electricity. 

With numerous examples, xiv+266 pp. i2mo. London, 1876 
Elementary mathematical treatment of static and dynamic electricity. 
— See also 2405. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

197a. Day, R(ichard) E(van). Exercises in electrical and magnetic 
measurement with answers, xii+120 pp. i2mo. 

London, 1876 
Nttmerical exerdtet in fundamental measurementa. 

zgyaa. New edition, xiv+189 pp. ill. i plate. i2mo. 

London, 1884 
— See also 2274, 3856. 
Z973. Dn MonceU T(h6odose Achille Louis). (1821-1884.) Du role 
de la terre dans les transmissions telegraphiques. 62 pp. 8vo. 

Caen, 1876 
The earth as a conductor of electricity and absorber of electric charges; 
currents between two earth-plates of the same or of different material. 
—See also 1223. 

1974. Ewing, James Alfred. Description of Sir William Thomson's 

siphon recorder and Thomson and Jenkin's automatic sender. 
^ pp. ill. 8vo. Edinburgh, 1876 

The siphon recorder with instructions for the necessary adjustments. 

1975. Fritsch, H(ermann). (1830-1893.) Das Wesen der ruhenden 

Elektricitaet, dargestellt mit Anwendung der Bakonischen In- 
duktion. 18 pp. 4to. Berlin, {1876) 

Bacon's inductive method as applied to static electricity. 

1976. Gherardi* Silvestro. (1802-1879.) Di una speciale rivendica- 

zione al Galvani negli studi fisiologici sperimentativi. (Ex- 
tract, Accad. Sc.> Istit Bologna, 1876, 6 pp.) 8vo. 

Bologna, 1876 
Question of priority of discovery. 

1977. Notizia di un fenomeno d'ottica fisiologica di qualche novita. 

(Rend. Accad. Sc, Istit. Bologna, 1876, pp. 134-136.) 8vo. 

Bologna, 1876 
The author claims priority for Galvani of an observation concerning the irri- 
tation of the medulla oblongata. 
— See also 894. 

1978. Grawinkel, C. Die Betriebsstoerungen auf Ruhestromleitungen 
und vereinigten Aemtern. Second edition. (Die Telegraphen- 
Technik, Part IV.) 32 pp. ill. 8vo. Berlin, 1876 

Detection of faults on a telegraph line. 

1979. Einrichtung und Betrieb einer Telegraphen-Station. (Die 

Telegraphen-Technik, Part III.) 85 pp. 8vo. 

Berlin, 1876 
Operation of telegraph apparatus. 

1980. Die Lehre von den Apparaten. (Die Telegraphen-Technik, 

Part II.) viii+iio pp. ill. 8vo. Berlin, 1876 

A telegraphic handbook. (Part I of "Die Telegraphen-Technik^ has not 
been published.) 
— See also 4886. 

198Z. Guthrie, Frederick. (1833-1886.) Magnetism and electricity. 
364 pp. ill. i2mo. (Collin's Advanced Science Series.) 

London, 1876 
Relation of heat to electrical discharge, p. 81; terrestrial magnetism, p. 337. 

450 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

198a. Holtz, W(ilhelm Theodor Bernhard). Ueber die elektrische 
Entladung in festen Isolatoren. — Ueber die Huelfsconductoren 
der einfachen zusammengesetzten Influenzmaschine. (Sitz. 
Ber. Akad. Wiss. Math.-Nat. Kl., 1876, pp. 501-509.) 8vo. 

Berlin, J876 
Remark! on the spark and the brush discharge of influence machines. 
— See also 2084, 3198, 345a. 

1983. Kastner, Fr6d6ric. Les flammes chantantes; thdorie des vibra- 

tions et considerations sur r6Iectricit6. Third edition. 136 
pp. i2mo. Paris, 1876 

Electricity considered as a decomposable vibratory motion. 

1984. Kempe, H(arry} R(obert). Handbook of electrical testing. 

vii+204 pp. i2mo. London, 1876 

A standard manual: theory and practice. 

1984a. New edition, revised and enlarged, vii+372 pp. i2mo. 

London, j88i 

Z984b. ^Third edition, viii+494 pp. l2mo. London, 1884 

Z985. Le Tual, Albert, fitude du t^legraphe automatique de Sir 
Ch(arles) Wheatstone. 2 vols. (Text and atlas — ^48 plates.) 
8vo. and 4to. Paris, 1876 

Construction and use of Wheatstone's automatic transmitter. 

1986. Marco, Felice. Le proprieta dell* elettricita indotta contraria 

di prima specie; con alcune note di Paolo Volpicelli. Second 
edition. 52 pp. i plate, ill. 8vo. Rome, 1876 

Remarks on the induced charge in an air-condenser; communication on the 
same subject from Volpicelli. 
— See also 1399* i683bi8. 

1987. Mascart, fi(leuthire filie Nicolas). Trait6 d'electricit^ statique. 

2 vols. ill. 8vo. Paris, 1876 

Electrostatics for the advanced reader with description of apparatus. 
— See also 2288. 

1988. Merriiield, John. Magnetism and deviation of the compass for 

the use of students in navigation and science schools, ix-f- 
126 pp. ill. diagr. i6mo. London, 1876 

Manual for students of navigation. 

1989. Mouton, (Jean) L(ouis). (1844-1895.) fitude exp6rimentale 

sur les ph^nom^nes d'induction 61ectrodynamique. 72 pp. 4to. 
(Th^se.) Paris, 1876 

Contribution to the theory of the indtiction coil. 

199a Murray, Stewart. On horological telegraphy. 26 pp. 4 plates. 
8vo. London, 1876 

Exposition of author's method of transmitting time by electricity; "speed" 
of the electric current, p. 19. 

1991. Pepper^ J(ohn) H(enry). (1821-1900.) Light, embracing reflec- 
tion and refraction of light, light and colour, spectrum ana- 

451 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

lysis, the human eye, polarized light, iv-f 126 pp. ill. i2mo. 

London, (18/6) 
Nnmeroui experimenU in light and heat. 
— See also zsaS. 

199a. Pickering, Edward C(harles). Elements of physical manipula- 
tion. Part II. 8vo. London, 1876 
Early laboratory manual; the author't methods of measuremcnta in heat, 
mechanical engineering, electricity and astronomy. 

1993* PiMti, G(iuseppe). Ricerche sperimentali suir induzione elettro- 
statica. (Mem. Spettroscopisti Ital., Vol. 5, App., pp. 1-5.) 
4to. Palermo, j8/6 

Some experiments in electrostatic induction. (See No. 1S90, 1949, aoxa.) 

1994. Ricerche sperimentali sul magnetismo. (Mem. Spettroscopisti 

Ital., Vol. s, App., pp. 5-17.) 3 plates. 4to. Palermo, 1876 

Experiment on the transmission of magnetism through iron discs; distribu- 
tion over pole-pieces. 
— See also 1949. 

Z995. Pleatontoii» A(ugustus) J(ames). Influence of the blue ray of 
the sunlight and of the blue color of the sky in developing 
animal and vegetable life. As illustrated by the experiment 
of A. J. Pleasonton and others, between the years 1861 and 
1876. iv+185 pp. I plate. 4to. Philadelphia, 1876 

The rotation of the earth is the result of electric, forces, p. 9s; the dip 
vanishes at the magnetic equator on account of internal heat, p. 94; buoy- 
ancy is due to magnetic repulsion and not to gravitation, p. 89. (Printed 
in blue ink.) 

1996. Ponxoni, 6(eniamino) A. Nozioni di chimica e fisica per I'esame 

d'ammissione nei corsi uffiziali telegraflci. 176 pp. 2 plates. 

8vo. Milan, 1876 

Seventy pages devoted to elementary magnetism and electricity. 
— See also 1882. 

1997. Poore, George Vivian. (1843-1904.) Textbook of electricity in 

medicine and surgery for the use of students and practitioners. 
xii-l-291 pp. ill. 8vo. London, 1876 

1998. Preece» (Sir) W(illiam) H(enry) & (Sir) J(ames) Sivewright. 

Telegraphy. x+300 pp. ill. i2mo. (Text books of Science.) 

London, 1876 
A standard textbook. 
— See also 1496. 

1999. Raddiffe, Charles Bland. (1822-1889.) Vital motion as a mode 

of physical motion, vi+252 pp. ill. i2mo. London, 1876 

Electro-physiological work. 
—See also 1605. 

aooo. Riess^ (Peter Theophil). (1804-1883.) Ueber die Erregung von 
Elektricitaet durch gleitende Reibung. (Sitz, Ber. Akad. Wiss. 
Math.-Nat. Kl., 1876, pp. 301-315) 8vo. Berlin, 1876 

The development of electricity by friction. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

aooz. Ueber die ncutralen Kaemme dcr Holtz'schen Maschine. 

(Sitz. Bcr. Akad. Wiss. Math.-Nat Kl., 1876^ pp. 234-242.) 8vo. 

Berlin, 1876 
The neutralizixig bruahet of a Holtz machine. 
— See also 86a. 

2002. Roscoe, (Sir) (Henry Enfield). What the earth is composed of. 

44 pp. ill. 8vo. (Manchester Science Lectures, VIII. Series.) 

London, 1S76 
Popular lecture on elementary geologj. 

2003. Sabine, (Robert). (1837-1884.) The starting point of sub- 

marine telegraphy; Sir C(harles) Wheatstone's plans (1837- 
1846). 6 pp. 2 plates. 8vo. London, 1876 

Wheatstone'i original plant for a suhmarine cable, 2840. 

— See also 1698. 

2004. Scott, Robert H(enry). Weather charts and storm warnings. 

158 pp. chart, ill. 8vo. London, 1876 

Meteorological instruments and explanation of weather-charta. 
— See also 3740. 

2005. Siemens, (Ernst) W(erner). (1816-1892.) Ueber die Abhaen- 

gigkeit der elektrischen Leitungsfaehigkeit des Selens von 
Waerme und Licht. (Sitz. Ber. Akad. Wiss. Math.-Nat. KL, 
1876, pp. 299-337.) 3 plates. 8vo. Berlin, 1876 

The conductivity of selenium as affected by heat and light. 
— See also 1414. 

2006. Smith, Willoughby. (1828-1891.) The action of light on 

selenium. (Extract, Journ. Soc. Telegr. Engin., Vol. 2, pp. 
31-34.) 8 pp. 8vo. London, 1876 

Notes on the electrical conductivity of selenium. 
—See also ao49. a 178, 2261, 229Z, 3334» 2390, 4434. 

20o6t bis. Telephone. — Printed publications and patents issued dur- 
ing the period 1876, 1877, 1878 and 1879 and relating to tel- 
ephonic structures which embody Daniel Drawbaugh's alleged 
inventions. 4to. i^/d-i^TP 

z. The phonautograph of M. L6on Scott. (Extract from Ganot's Physics, 
1866, pp. 1 90-19 1.) — 2. Bell, Alexander Graham. Improvements In telegraphy. 
(U. S. Patent Office, Patent No. 174,465.) 4 pp. 2 plates, March 7t 1876.— 
3. Thorndike, Geo. Quincy. A thread telegraph. (Scientific American, Vol. 
34 p. 340.) — 4. The human -voice transmitted by telegraph. (Scientific Amer- 
ican, Sept. 9, 1876.) — 5. Telephony. Audible speech by telegraph. (Scientific 
American Supplement, Vol. a, p. 765.)— 6. Bell, Alexander Graham. Improve- 
ment in electric telegraphy. (U. S. Patent GflSce, Patent No. 186,787.) 3 pp. 
2 plates, March 30, 1877. — 7. Professor Bell's speaking electric telegraph. 
The speaking electric telegraph. (Scientific American Supplement, Febr. 10, 
1877.) — 8« The telephone. (Scientific American, March 31, 1877.) — 9> A new 
invention (Edison's) in telephones. (Philadelphia Press, July 9, 1877; Scien- 
tific American, July 28, 1877*) — 10. A new telephone, ((^rge B. Havens's) 
(Scientific American, August 11, 1877.) — 11. The author's telephone. (Extract 
from Dolbear's "The Telephone," pp. 117-124, August, 1877.) — la. The new 
Bell telephone. Applications of Professor Bell's new telephone. (Scientific 
American, Oct. 6, 1877.) — 13. Machines that hear and write. (Extract from 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

Scientific American Article of Dec 15, 1877. — 14. Dolbear, Amos Emerson. 
Improvement in telephones. (U. S. Fitent Office, Patent No. 199,041.) a pp. 
I plate, Jan. 8, 2878. — 25. Berliner, Emile. Improvement in telephones. 
(U. S. Patent OiBee, Patent No. X99,X4i.) a pp. x plate, Jan. 15, 1878. — 16. 
Edison's carbon telephone. (Journal of the telegraph, April 16, 2878; 
Scientific American Supplement, Jane 8, 2878.) — 17. Edison, Thom. Alva. 
Improvement in speaking-telephones. (U. S. Patent Office, Patent No. 
ao3,oi6.) a pp. 2 plate, April 30, 2878. — xS. The carbon telephone. (Scien- 
tific Amerieaxi, June 8, 2878.) — 29. Hughes, D. £. On the action of sonorous 
vibrations in varying the force of an electric current Read before the Royal 
Society, London, May 9, 2878. (Scientific A2nerican Supplement, June 8, 
2878.) — ao. The Hughes telephone. (Scientific American Supplement, June 

25, 2878; Engineering, Londoix, May ao, 2878.) — a2. M. Trouve's new tel- 
ephone improvements. (Scientific American, June 12, 2878.) — aa. Ayres, 
Brow2L New arrangement for telephone. (Scientific A2nerican Supplement, 
July 6, 2878.) — a3. Phelps, (Seorge M. Improvement in q»ealdxxg-teiephones. 
(U. S. Patent Office, Patent No. ao9,a89) a pp. 2 plate, Oct. Ma, 1878. — ^a4. 
Edison's recent telephoxiic inventioxis. (From Prescott's "Speakixig Telephone, 
Electric Light, etc.) (Scientific Axnerican Supplement, Febr. 25, 2879.) — ^as. 
Bell, Alexander Grahaxn. Improvement in electric spealdxig-telephones. 
(U. S. Patent Office, Patent No. a 23,090) 4 pp. 2 plate, March 22, 2879. — 

26. Righi's telephone. (Scientific American, March 22, 2879. — 27. Improved 
microphones. (Fra2ik Bowling's) (Scientific Amerieaxi, May a4, 2879.) — a8. 
Edison's latest telephone. (Scientific American, Sept. a7, 2879, ' plate.) — 
a9. Phelps, (korge M. Improvement in speaking-telephones. (U. S. Patent 
Office, Patent No. aao,ao9) a pp. 2 plate, Sept. 30, 2879. — 30. Extracts 
from Du Moncd's "The telephone." (American edition, 2879): M. Helle- 
sen's reaction telephone, pp. 83-84. — M. Trouve's system, pp. 99-xoo. — M. 
Demoget's systen^ p. 202. — Modifications in the arrangement of telephonic 
organs, pp. 2oa-i04. — Different systems of xnicrophones, pp. 246, X52-254. — 31. 
The Blake transmitter. (Scientific American, Nov. 2, 2879.) — 32, Eaton, 
Asahel K. Improvement in telephones. (U. S. Patent Office, Patent No. 
aaa,475) a pp. 2 plate, Dec. 9, 2879. 

The articles are typewritten (except 22 which are in printed form) and in 
cases where they had been accompanied by illustratioxis, these have been 
clipped and added to the different articles. The whole fonns a handy 
volume in 4to. 
— See also 2362, ao72, a205bi8, 222s, a932, 3908. 

2007. Temant, A. L. Lc siphon-enrcgistreur, ou siphon recorder de 
Sir Wm. Thomson pour r6change des signaux 6Iectriques par 
les longs cables sous-marins, suivi d'une notice sur Sir Ch. 
Wheatstone. 29 pp. 2 plates. 8vo. 

Marseille & Paris, 1876 
The siphon-recorder, patent of 2872; obituary notice of Sir Charles Wheat- 
stone. 
— See also 2756. 

0008. Towson, John Thomas. (1804^1881.) Practical information on 
the deviation of the compass; for the use of masters and mates 
of iron ships. 144 pp. ill. 8vo. London, 1876 

General information on the compass; also practical rules. 

2009. Tyndall, John. (1820-1893.) Fragments of science, a series of 
detached essays, addresses and reviews. Fifth edition. x+ 
589 pp. 8vo. London, 1876 

Papers on the spectrum of the electric light, elementary magnetism, death 

454 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

by lightning, the scientific use of the imagination and the famous Belfast 
Address. 

aoio. Lessons in electricity at the Royal Institution 1875-1876. 

X+113 PP- ill- 8vo. London, 1876 

The Christmas lectures given to a juvenile audience at the Royal Institu- 
tion, 1875-1876. 

aoioa. (Spanish translation.) Lecciones sobre electricidad dadas en 

la Institucion Real en 1875-1876. Traducidas del ingles con 
autorizacion del autor, por A. Gonzales Garrido. 146 pp. i2mo. 

Sevilla, 1878 
— See also 1586. 

aozz. Mensbrugghe, G(ustave Leonard) van der. L'electricite statique 
exerce-t-elle une influence sur la tension superficielle d'un 
liquide? (M6m. Couronn. Mem. Sav. fitrang. Acad. Sc, Bel- 
gique. Vol. 40, No. 2.) 28 pp. 4to. Brussels, 1876 

The influence of static electricity on the flow of liquids through tubes of 
small bore. 

20X2. Volpicelli, Paolo. (1804-1879.) Risposta del socio P(aolo) 
Volpicelli alle obbiezioni fatte dal Prof. G(iuseppe) Pisati 
contro la moderna teorica di Melloni sulla elettrostatica in- 
duzione. (Mem. Accad. Lincei» Vol. i, pp. 1005-1007.) 4to. 

Rome, 1876 
Answer to objections raised by Prof. Pisati against Melloni's theory of 
electrostatic induction. (See No. 1290, i949> 1993-) 

2013. ^Teoria della elettrostatica induzione. (Atti Accad. Lincei, 

Ser. II, Vol. 3, pp. 896-911.) ill. 4to. Rome, 1876 

Qerk Maxwell's views on electrostatic induction criticised. 

— See also 1399* 
20x4. Woodward, C(harles Josiah) & George Smith. A series of 

exercises in experimental physics. Part II. Magnetism and 

electricity. 54 pp. i2mo. London, {1876) 

Useful to junior students. 

— See also 2400. 
20x5. Handbook to the special loan collection of scientific apparatus 

in the South Kensington Museum. xxvii-|-339 pp. ill. 8vo. 

{London, 1876) 

Two important contributions by Professor G. Carey Foster on the history 

and development of magnetic and electric apparatua. 

20x6. Angell, John. Elements of magnetism and electricity, with 
practical instructions for the performance of experiments and 
the construction of cheap apparatus. 232 pp. ill. i2mo. (Col- 
lin's Elementary Science Series.) London, 1877 

20x7. Baxmenx, J(oseph). Rapport sur restablissement de la ligne tele- 
graphique souterraine de Halle i Berlin. (Extr. Ann. trav. 
publics de Belgique. Vol. 35.) 53 pp. i plate. 8vo. 

Brussels, 1877 
Mechanical and electrical details of the underground telegraph line between 
Halle and Berlin. 
— See also 2266, 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

2018. Barrett, W(illiam) F(letcher). On the electric telephone. 
(Proc. Roy. Dublin Soc, New Ser., Vol. i, pp. 73^2.) ill. 8vo. 

Dublin, 1877 
Rds'f telephonic work, p. 78. 
— See alto 2063, 3489. 

aoig. Beltrami, Eugenio. (1835-1900.) Sulla determinazione speri- 
mentale delta densiti elettrica alia superficie dei corpi con- 
duttori. (Mem. Accad. Lincei, Vol. i, pp. 491-502.) 4to. 

Rome, 1877 
Theory of a hemispherical proof-plane. 

aoaa Bottomley, J(ames) T(homson). Electrometers. 33 pp. ill. 
i2mo. (Science lectures at South Kensington.) 

London, 1877 
The quadrant and absolute eleetrometerf of Lord Kelvin. 
— See alio 4^91. 

aoaz. Buchholts, F. H. Die Kriegstelegraphie. Hauptstadien ihrer 
Entwickelung. Das Feldtelegraphenmaterial. Einrichtung der 
Kriegstelegraphenlinien. Organisation der Militaertelegraphie 
in groesseren Armeen. Ncuere Versuche mit portativen Feld- 
telegraphen. Bedeutung der Telegraphen fuer die Krieers- 
fuehrung. Ein Beitrag zur Kenntniss der Militaertelegraphie 
der Gegenwart. viii+96 pp. 3 plates. 8vo. Berlin, 1877 

The military telegraph: its history and development. 

aoaa. Cl^rault, F. Note sur Temploi des Electro-semaphores de MM. 
Lartigue, Tesse et Prudhomme pour la r6alisation du block- 
system. 66 pp. 2 plates. 8vo. Paris, 1877 
Description of the Lartigue system of operating railway signals. 

2023. Du Moncel, Th(6odose Achille Louis). (1821-1884.) Recherches 
exp6rimentales sur les maxima electro-magndtiques. 63 pp. 
8vo. Paris, 1877 

Resistance of a magnetizing helix. 

2024. Recherches sur la conductibilitE electrique des corps medi- 

ocrement conducteurs et les phenomenes qui Taccompagnent. 
Second edition. (Ann. Chim. Phys., Vol. 10.) 146 pp. 8vo. 

Paris, J877 
Conductivity of fibres, tissues and metallic filings. 
— See also 1223. 

2025. Edlund, E(rik). (i8ig-i888.) Recherches sur les courants 

Electriques produits par le mouvement des liquides. 44 pp. 
8vo. Stockholm, 1877 

Electric currents due to the flow of water in cylindrical tubes. 
— See also 1770. 

2026. £vrard» F(lorent). Notice sur Temploi des poteaux metalliques 

dans les lignes t616graphiques. 46 pp. 2 plates. 8vo. 

Brussels, 1877 
Comparison of the different systems of metallic supports for telegraph 
lines. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

aoay. Fontaine, Hippolytc. ficlairage a r^lectricite; renseignements 
pratiques, xv+239 pp. ill. 8vo. Paris, 18// 

Dynamos and generators used in electric lighting; lighthouse illumination. 

aoaya. Second edition, vi+304 pp. ill. 8vo. Paris, 1879 

2027b. (English translation.) Electric lighting. A practical treatise. 

Translated from the French by Paget Higgs. xvi+194 pp. 
ill. 8vo. London, 1878 

— See also 3381, 3936. 

2028. Foumicr, Edouard. (1819-1880.) Le vieux-neuf, histoire an- 

cienne des inventions ct d6couvertes modernes. Second edi- 
tion. 3 vols. i2mo. Paris, 1877 
Vol. I. contains history of the lightning-rod and early telegraphs; VoL III. 
Some magnetic curiosities and myths. 

2029. Gardiner, A(lfonso). Elements of magnetism and electricity. 

96 pp. ill. i2mo. London, (1877) 

A primer of electricity. 

2030. Gore, George. Art of electro-metallurgy, including all known 

processes of electro-deposition, xx-f-391 pp. ill. i2mo. (Text- 
books of Science.) London, 1877 
Written for the student and practical worker; historical sketch of the sub- 
ject. 
— Sec also 1357. 

2031. Helmholtz, (Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand). (1821-1894.) Uebcr 

galvanische Stroeme, verursacht durch Concentrations-Untcr- 
schiede; Folgerungen aus der mechanischen Waermetheoric. 
(Sitz. Ber. Akad. Wiss. Math.-Nat. Kl., 1877, PP- 713-726.) 
8vo. Berlin, 1877 

The electric current caused by concentration differences; the mechanical 
equiTalent of heat. 
— See also 1459. 

2032. Jo];n8ton, W(illiam) J(ohn). Lightning flashes and electric 

dashes. Containing short sketches and mirth-provoking 
anecdotes from all the principal telegraph writers of the day, 
with a very instructive and interesting history of Professor 
Morse and the telegraph, from the well-known pen of Ben- 
son John Lossing. 189 pp. ill. pi. L. 8vo. New York, 1877 
A work of humor. 
— See also 2199. 

2033. Langdon, William Edward. ( ? -1905.) Application of elec- 

tricity to railway workipg. xv+315 pp. ill. 5 plates. i2mo. 

London, 1877 
Exposition of the principles involved in the electric protection of railway 
traffic and also the rules and regulations which should govern its practice. 
— See also 3759. 

2034. Laurcncin, Paul. Le telegraphe terrestre, sous-marin-pneu- 

matique. Histoire, principes, m6canismes, applications, r^gle- 
ments, etc. xi+494 pp. ill. map. i8mo. Paris, 1877 

Short practical treatise for beginners. 
— See also 1747. 



1—30 



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CATALOGUE OP WHEELER GIFT 

2035. Lloyd, Humphrey. (1800-1881.) Miscellaneous papers con- 
nected with physical science. iv+509 PP- chart, pi. 8vo. 

London, 1877 
ObBcrvations on the direction and intensity of magnetic force in Ireland; 
theory of the compound magnetic needle; determination of the horizootal 
component in absolute measure; earth currents; magnetic chart of Ireland. 
— See also 1023. 

3036. McGregor, William. Secret code for telegraphic messages. 

vi+90 pp. 8vo. London, {1877) 

— See also 1945. 
ao37. Madsexiy C(hristian) L(udwig). Recherches sur la loi du mouve- 

ment t^l^graphique international, ix-j-68 pp. map, 10 tabl. 

4to. Copenhagen, 1877 

The r61e of the telegraph in international and eommerdal relations. 

— See also 2386. 

3038. Mattel C(esare). Specifiques 61ectro-homeopathiques; avec les 
indications n^cessaires pour la guerison de toutes les maladies 
et sp6cialement des maladies incurables. Science nouvelle. 
228 pp. I plate. i2mo. Bologna, 1877 

Short medical work containing a few applications of electricity for cura- 
tive purposes. 

2039. Maxwell, (James) Clerk. (1831-1879.) On the unpublished 

electrical papers of the Hon. Henry Cavendish. (Proc. Cam- 
bridge Philos. Soc, Vol. 3, pp. 86-89.) 8vo. Cambridge, 1877 
— See also 187a. 

2040. MelsenSy (Louis Henri Frederic). (1814-1886.) Des paraton- 

nerres i pointes, i conducteurs et i raccordements terrestres 
multiples; description detaill6e des paratonnerres etablis sur 
THotel de Ville de Bruxelles en 1865. vii+157 pp. 19 plates. 
L. 8vo. Brussels, 1877 

The author's system for the protection of the Brussels' Hotel de Ville with 

illustrations. 

— See also 3465. 

2041. Minchin^ George M. Treatise on statics, containing some of 

the fundamental propositions in electrostatics, xi-f-450 pp. 
i2mo. London, f 877 

Mathematical treatment of potential, electric density and tubes of force. 

2042. Moinet» I. Lev6s des plans i la stadia, notes pratiques pour 

etudes des traces. Third edition. 124 pp. 9 plates. 8vo. 

Paris, 1877 
Practical treatise on tacheometry. 

2043. Perry, John & W(illiam) E(dward) Asrrton. The specific in- 

ductive capacity of gases. 15 pp. 4 plates. 8vo. 

Yokohama, 1877 
Details of method and results. 
— See also i79if 379x* 

2044. Phillips, W. P. (Pseud. John Oakum.) Oakum pickings; a col- 

lection of stories, sketches and paragraphs contributed from 

458 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

time to time to the telegraphic and general press by John 
Oakum. i88 pp. portr. i2mo. New York, 1877 

Humorous papers some of which are on telegraphic subjects. 
3045. Prescott, George B(artlett). (1831-1894.) Electricity and the 
electric telegraph. vi-f978 pp. ill. i plate. 8vo. 

New York, 1877 
ComprehensiTe, descriptiTe treatise. 
—See also i497* 

2046. Rei8» Paul. (1828-1895.) Neue elektrische Maschinen, insbe- 

sondere die magnet-elektrischen Maschinen und deren An- 
wendungen. Drei Vortraege in der Rheinischen Naturfor- 
scher-Gesellschaft zu Mainz im Maerz 1877. 109 pp. ill. 8vo. 

Uipsig, 1877 
Some of the early dynamo machines. 
— See also aopS. 

2047. Riccardi, Pietro. (1828-1898.) Sulle opere di Alessandro Volta, 

note bibliografiche. 40 pp. 4to. Modena, 1877 

List of 90 papers referring to the life and work of Volta. 

2048. Rogers, Fairman. (1833-1900.) Magnetism of iron vessels 

with a short treatise on terrestrial magnetism. 125 pp. tab. 
i6mo. (Van Nostrand's Science Series, Vol. 30.) 

New York, 1877 
Practical manual for ofikers in the navy. 

2049. Smith, Willoughby. (1828-1891.) Selenium: its electrical qual- 

ities and the effect of light thereon. 21 pp. 8vo. 

{London), 1877 
—See also aoo6. 

2050. Spang, Henry W. . Practical treatise on lightning protection. 

180 pp. ill. portr. i2mo. Philadelphia, 1877 

Atmospheric electricity, the functions of a lightning-conductor and its con- 
struction as applied to buildings, ships, oil-tanks, steam-boilers, etc. 

2051. Thalfn, (Tobias) Rob(ert). (1827-1905.) Sur la recherche des 

mines de fer a Taide de mesures magnetiques. 36 pp. I plate. 

4to. Upsala, 1877 

The author shows how a compass needle may be used for locating beds of 
iron ore. 
— See also 1558. 

2052. Thomson, (Sir) William (Lord Kelvin). (1824-1907.) Report 

on (Elisha) Gray's electric telephone and multiple telegraph. 
3 1. Folio. Philadelphia, 1877 

Sir William Thomson wrote this brief report as one of the judges of the 
Centennial Exposition, 1876. 
— See also 1085. 

2053. Volpicelli, P(aolo). (1804-1879.) Sul piano di prova piccolis- 

simo e non condensatore. (Mem. Accad. Lincei CI. Sc. Fis. 
Mat. Nat., Ser. Ill, Vol. i, pp. 174-178.) 4to. Rome, 1877 

Contribution to the theory of the proof-plane. 
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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

3054. ^Ad una obbiezione contro la teoria del Melloni suUa elettro- 

statica influenza. (Mem. Accad. Lincei, CI. Sc. Fis. Mat Nat., 
Ser. Ill, Vol. I, pp. 481-490.) 4to. Rome, JS77 

On the charge which a proof-plane acquires under electrical influence. (See 
No. I ago.) 

ao55. ^AUa nota del socio Giovanni Cantoni chc ha per titolo su 

una nuova difesa della teorica di Melloni su la elettrostatica 
induzione. (Mem. Accad. Lincei, CI. Fis. Mat.-Nat, Ser. Ill, 
Vol. I, pp. 1005-101 7.) 4to. Rome, 1877 

Defense of the author's views on the theory of the electrostatic condenser. 

(See No. 1290.) 

aosfl. ^Alla nota del socio G(iovanni) Cantoni contro la teorica di 

Melloni sulla elettrostatica induzione. (Mem. Accad. Lincei 
CI. Sc. Fis. Mat. Nat., Ser III, Vol i, pp. 1201-1246.) 4to. 

Rome, J877 
Points in the theory of electrostatic induction. (See No. 1290.) 
— Sec also 1399. 

2057. Wild, John James. Thalassa, an essay on the depth, temper- 
ature, and currents of the ocean. 140 pp. ill. charts, diagrs. 
8vo. London, 1877 

Chapters on the bed, the depth and temperature of the ocean with special 
reference to the work of the Challenger Expedition. 

3058. Zetzsche, Karl Eduard. (1830-1894.) Handbuch der elektrischen 
Telegraphic. Vols, i, 2, 3 Part I., 4 Part I. ill. pi. 8vo. 

Berlin, 1877-1887 
The electric telegraph in theory and practice. 
— See also 1632. 

2059. Catalogue of the special loan collection of scientific apparatus 
in the South Kensington Museum, lviii+1084 pp. ill. pi. 8vo. 

London, 1877 
Illustrations referring to the work of von GuerickCp Newcomen and Watt, 
together with notes on historic apparatus. 

aosQ-j-bis. Telephone — ^Articles (3) relating to Philipp Reis and the in- 
vention of the telephone. 8vo. 1877 
Preece on Reis. Report of the 47th meeting of the British Association 
Adv. Sc, Aug., 1877. On the telephone by W. H. Preece. — Ganot's de- 
scription of Reis. Ganot's elementary treatise on physics, 8th ed. Trans- 
lated by E. Atkinson, N. Y., 1877, p. 757. — Dolbear on Reis. The telephone, 
by A. £. Dolbear, 1877, pp. 99-116. 
— See also i497bis. 

ao6o. Ayrton, W(illiam) £(dward). Students' notes. 108+72 pp. ill. 
3 plates. 4to. {London, 1878) 

Notes on voltaic electricity, electric testing and telegraph engineering. 
— See also i79i« 
2061. Bailie^ J. Uelectricite. Fourth edition, xii+318 pp. ill. i2mo. 
(Biblioth^que des Merveilles.) Paris, 1878 

Applications of electricity to lighting, to telegraphy and telephony popu- 
larly described. 
— See also 181 7. 

460 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

9o6a. Baillehache, £. de. Communications electriques permanentes 
des trains en marche, entre eux et avec les gares sur une meme 
voie ou sur voies diff^rentes. i6 pp. 2 plates. 8vo. 

Paris, 1878 
Electric communication between moving trains. 
— See also 5655. 

ao63. Barrett, W(illiam) F(letcher). On an experiment connecting 
electro-motive force and surface tension. (Proc. Roy. Soc. 
Dublin, Vol. 2, pp. 87-100.) 8vo. Dublin, 1878 

A mercury contact breaker on the principle of the lippmann's capillary elec- 
trometer. 
— See also aoi8. 

3064. Beard, George M(iller) (1839-1883) & A(lphonso) D(avid) 
RockwelL Practical treatise on the medical and surgical uses 
of electricity. Second edition, revised and enlarged, xxviii-f- 
794 pp. ill. 8vo. New York, 1878 

— See also 2169, 3814. 

9065. Beetz, W(ilhelm) von. (1822-1886.) Grundzuege der Elektri- 

citaetslehre. Zehn Vorlesungen, gehalten vor den Mitgliedern 
des aerztlichen Vereines in Muenchen. iv+109 pp. 8vo. 

Stuttgart, 1878 
Salient points in a course of 10 lectures on the principles of static and 
dynamic electricity. 
— See also 1221. 

9066. Bouty, (Edmond Marie Leopold). Theorie des phenom^nes 

electriques. 84 pp. ill. i plate. 8vo. Paris, 1878 

Theory of potential, electrometers and electric energy. 
— Sec also 1898 

3067. Brooks, David, (i 820-1891.) Atmospheric electricity. 14 pp. 

8vo. Philadelphia, 1878 

General considerations on atmospheric electricity; efficiency of lightning- 
rods. 
— See also 1821. 

3068. Bruns, (Paul) Victor von. (1812-1883.) Die galvanokausti- 

schen Apparate und Instrumente, ihre Handhabung und An- 
wendung. xi+si3 pp. 2 plates. 8vo. Tubingen, 1878 

The author's battery and its application to electric cautery. 

2069. Clark, Edwin. (1814-1894.) Visit to South America, with notes 
and observations on the moral and physical features of the 
country. 355 pp. map. i2mo. London, 1878 

Stray references to electric and magnetic phenomena. 
— See also 11 69. 

3070. Delarge, F(r6deric Henri). Des appareils telegraphiques i grande 

Vitesse. 66 pp. 2 plates. 8vo. Brussels, 1878 

Advantages of Whcatstone's automatic transmitter. 
-^See also 1717* 

3071. Dolbear, A(mos) E(merson). The telephone: an account of 

the phenomena of electricity, magnetism, and sound, as in- 

461 



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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

volvcd in its action. With directions for making a speaking 
telephone. 127 pp. ill. i2mo. London, 1878 

Conitruction and physics of the telephone. 
— See also aoo61us, aosgbis, 5094. 

907a. Duchemin, £mile Marin. £xp6riences pratiques de la boussole 
circulaire faites i bord des navires de I'^tat et de la marine 
marchande; adoption de cet instrument sur Tescadre. Eighth 
edition, revised and enlarged. 51 pp. ill. 4to. Paris, 1878 

Sailing compass consisting of two concentric, circular magnets. 

ao73. Du Moncel, Th(^odose Achillc Louis). (1821-1884.) Lc t«6- 
phone, le microphone et le phonographe. Second edition. 348 
pp. ill. i2mo. (Biblioth^que des Merveilles.) Paris, 1878 

Theory and general operation of the telephone. 

9073a. (English translation.) The telephone, the microphone and 

the phonograph. Authorized translation with additions 
and corrections by the author, x-l-363 pp. ill. i2mo. 

London, 1879 
— See also xa^s. 

3074. Everett, J(oseph) D(avid). (1831-1904.) Report on atmospheric 

electricity. 14 pp. ill. i plate. 8vo. London, 1878 

Theory of atmospheric electricity and results of observations. 
^See also 1939. 

3075. Field, Kate. The history of Bell's telephone, viii+67 pp. i2mo. 

London, 1878 
General description of telephonic transmission. 

9076. Foumier, F(ranQois) E(rnest). Determination immediate de la 
deviation du compas par la nouvelle m^thode des compas 
conjugues. Theorie et pratique. 44 pp. L. Svo. Paris, 1878 
Deviation determined from the readings of compasses: theory and practice. 

3077. Frick, J(oscph). (1806-1875.) Physical technics; or. Practical 
instructions for making experiments in physics and the con- 
struction of physical apparatus with the most limited means. 
Translated by J(ohn) D. Easter. 467 pp. ill. 8vo. 

Philadelphia, 1878 

9078. Gamer, S(amuel). The telephone; its history, construction, 
principles and uses with definite instructions on the making 
of telephones by which failure is impossible; and to which is 
added a chapter on the phonograph. 32 pp. i2mo. 

London, 1878 

3079. Gavey, (John). Insulators for aerial telegraph lines. 42 pp. 
8vo. (London), 1878 

Tables of resistance of various insulators. 

ao8o. Giffard, Pierre. Le phonographe expliqu6 i tout le monde. 
Edison et ses inventions. 127 pp. portr. i plate. 32mo. 

Paris, 1878 
Short anecdotal account of Edison's inventions. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

ao8o bis. Le telephone expliqu6 i tout le monde. 127 pp. i6mo. 

Paris, OS78) 
Interesting facts connected with the early days of the telephone. 

ao8o bis a. Fifth edition. 135 pp. ill. i plate. i6mo. 

Paris, (». rf.) 
— See also 2144, 2192, 

ao8z. Gray, Elisha. (1835-1905.) Experimental researches in electro- 
harmonic telegraphy and telephony, 1867-1878. 96 pp. ill. Svo. 

New York, 187S 
The author's researches on the telegraphic transmission of musical and other 
sounds; also short autohiography. 

2083. ^Telephone. (Extract, Journ. Amer. Electr. Soc.) 24 pp. ill. 

Svo. Chicago, 1S78 

Musical tones transmitted electrically. 
— See also 4x29. 

3083. Hepworth, T(homas) C(radock). Electric light, its past history 

and present position. 127 pp. ill. i2mo. London, (iS/8) 

Commercial production of electric energy; also systems of electric lighting. 

3084. Holte, W(ilhelm Theodor Bernhard). Zur Theorie der In- 

fluenzelektrisirmaschine. 49 pp. 2 plates. 8vo. 

Grdfswald, 1878 
Contributions to the theory of influence machines with special reference to 
the one derised by the author. 
— See also 1982. 

3085. Hoskiaer, (Otto) V(aldemar}. Laying and repairing of electric 

telegraph cables, viii+71 PP. ill. i2mo. London, 1878 

Risumi of experience acquired in laying cabfoa. 
— See also 1869. 

3086. Isherwood, J. Mag^netism and electricity (elementary stage): 

being the questions set by the science and art department 
during the years 187 1 to 1878, inclusive with answers. 100 pp. 
ill. i2mo. Blackburn & London, 1878 

The A B C of the subject. 

3087. Kind, W(ilhelm). Zur Potentialf unction der elektromagneti- 

schen Stroeme mit Anwendung auf Multiplicatoren, deren 
Stromwindungen rechteckig geformt sind. 75 pp. i plate. 8vo. 
(Inaugural dissertation.) Gottingen, 1878 

Mathematical paper on the potential function. 

3088. Lacoine, fimile. Notes sur les 61ectro-aimants t616graphiques. 

(Bull. Soc. Sc. Industr., Marseille, 1877.) 8 pp. 8vo. 

Marseille, 1878 

Construction of electro-magnets for telegraph purposes; mathematical theory. 
— See also 187 1. 

2089. Loring, A. E. Hand-book of the electro-magnetic telegraph. 
98 pp. ill. i6mo. (Van Nostrand's Science Series, No. 39.) 

New York, 1878 
Primer of the electric telegraph. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

2090. Maxwell, (James) Clerk. (1831-1879.) On the electrical capacity 
of a long narrow cylinder, and of a disk of sensible thickness. 
(Proc. London Mathem. Soc, Vol. 9, pp. 94-101.) 8vo. 

London, 1878 
A mathematical paper. 
^See also 1872. 

309Z. Navez, (Auguste Joseph Antoine). Discussion sur la th6orie 
du telephone entre Th. du Moncel et M. Navez. (Bull. Acad. 
Sc, Bruxelles, Vol. 45, pp. 416-425+612-618.) 8vo. 

Brussels, 1878 
Views of Du Moncel on the theory of the telephone controverted. 
9093. Niaudet, Alfred. (1835-1883.) Telephones et phonographes, 
etude complete de ces inventions. 176 pp. ill. 8vo. 

Paris, OS78) 
Theory and use of the Reis and Bell telephones; Edison's phonograph. 

2093. ^Trait6 ei6mentaire dc la pile electrique. xii+228 pp. ill. 8vo. 

Paris, 1878 
Theory and uses of primary batteries; Plant^'s secondary battery. 

ao93a.— — (English translation.) Elementary treatise on electric bat- 
teries containing every form of battery now in use. Trans- 
lated by L. M. Fishback, with an introduction by Geo. d*Infre- 
ville, electrician of the Western Union Telegraph Company. 
xi+266 pp. ill. i2mo. New York, 1880 

— See also 5616. 

2094. Pianta, C(arlo). La elettricita ed il telegrafo: nozioni generali. 
83 pp. I plate. i2mo. Milan, J878 

General information on the working of the telegraph. 

3095. Pihl, O(lof) A(ndreas) L(oewold). (1822-1895.) On magnets. 

xiv+i3S pp. ill. 6 plates. 8vo. Christiania, 1878 

The law of force between magnets and their keeper with discussion of 
formulae. 

3096. Porter, George. Magnetism and electricity for schools and 

science classes. 56 pp. ill. i2mo. (Elementary Science 
Manuals.) London, 1878 

2097. Prescott, George B(artlett). (1831-1894.) The speaking tel- 

ephone, talking phonograph and other novelties. 431 pp. ill. 

8vo. New York, 1878 

The introduction contains a brief history of the subject. 
— See also 1497. 

2098. Reis, Paul. (182^1895.) Das Telephon und sein Anrufapparat 

nach seiner historischen Entwickelung und seiner praktischen 
Anwendung. Vortrag in Mainzer Vereinen im November und 
December 1877. 52 pp. ill. 8vo. Mayence, 1878 

Lecture on the history and operation of the telephone. 
— See also S046. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

2099. Rossetti, Francesco. (1833-1895.) Relazione su alcune esperi- 
cnzc telefoniche. (Atti Istituto Veneto Sc, Ser. V, Vol. 4, 
pp. 567-577) 8vo. Venice, 1878 

Speech transmitted through telephones one in the primary and the other in 
the secondary wire of an induction coiL 
— See also 2251. 
2x00. Sack, J(oseph). Die Telephonie, ihre Entstehung, Entwicklung 
und Verwerthung als Verkehrsmittel. 46 pp. ill. 8vo. 

Berlin, 1878 
Commercial development of the electric telephone. 
— ^See also 1885. 

9I0I. Samson» (Pseud.: t. e., J. A. Clippinger.) Sam Johnson; the ex- 
perience and observations of a railroad telegraph operator. 
177 pp. 8vo. New York, 1878 

Work of wit and humor. 

2I09. Saward, George. Trans-Atlantic submarine telegraph; a brief 
narrative of the principal incidents in the history of the At- 
lantic Telegraph Company. (With a preface by Harriet 
Saward.) 80 pp. 8vo. (Privately printed.) London, 1878 

Interesting account of the laying of the Atlantic cable of 1858. 

^See also 1534. 

2103. Schenk (of Friedrichsdorf). Philipp Reis, der Erfinder des 
Telephon. 16 pp. ill. 8vo. Frankfort, 1878 

Qaim of Philipp Reis to the invention of the electric telephone. 

2x04. Schwendler, (Carl) Louis. (1838-1882.) Instructions for testing 
telegraph lines and the technical arrangements of offices. 
Written on behalf of the Government of India, under the 
Orders of the Director-General of Telegraphs of India. 
Second edition. 2 vols. 8vo. London & Edinburgh, i878''J88o 
Details of the practical methods for testing in general use; their mathe- 
matical theory. 

2105. Precis of report on electric light experiments. 15 pp. Folio. 

London, 1878 
The experiments were made prior to the introduction of the electric light on 
railway stations in India. 
»-See also 1846. 

2Z05bi8. Scott de Martinyille, K L^on. Le probl^me de la parole 
s'^crivant. La France, 1853-1861-1877. L'Am6rique, 1877- 
1878. Premiere 6dition provisoire. 78 pp. 8vo. Paris, 1878 
— See also soo6bi8. 

2zo6. Shoolbred, J(ames) N(ugent). On the present state of electric 
lighting. 27 pp. 2 plates. 8vo. London, 1878 

Short paper on generating machinery, lamps, regulators. 
— See also 2176, 3971. 

2107. Siemens, (Sir) Charles William. (1822-1883.) Die Eisen- und 
Stahl-Industrie in England. Der Barometer. 83 pp. ill. 8vo. 

Berlin, 1878 
The deep-sea thermometer. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

aioS. On the utilization of heat and other natural forces. 32 pp. 

ill. i2mo. London, i8zS 

General considerations on various forms of available energy. 
^See also 1654. 

3109. Stone, J. B. Magnetic variation in the United States; being a 
compilation of observations made in America from the year 
1640 to the present date; tabulated and arranged for the use 
of surveyors, with a brief account of the nature of terrestrial 
magnetism. 139 pp. i2mo. New York, 1878 

aiio. Taylor, William B(owcr). (1821-1895.) An historical sketch 
of Henry's contribution to the electro-magnetic telegraph; 
with an account of the origin and development of Morse's in- 
vention. 103 pp. 8vo. (Extract, Smithsonian Report.) 

Washington, 1878 

Growth of the electric telegraph: Le Sage, Cavallo, Ronalds, Ronagnosi, 
Soemmering; work of Cooke, Wfaeatstone and Morse; origin of the Morse 
alphabet; origin of the galvanometer. 

21 1 1. Tegg, William. (1816-1895.) Posts and telegraphs, past and 
present; with an account of the telephone and phonograph. 
XV+318 pp. i2mo. London, 1878 

Information on the electric telegraph; physics of the telephone. 

aiia. Teufelhart, J(ohannes) N(epomuk). Der Typenmultiplcx von 
O. Schacffler. 51 pp. 6 plates. 8vo. Vienna, 1878 

Description of Schaeffler's multiplex telegraph. 

2113. Towne, Eduard C(ornelius). The causes of life, structure and 

species. 71 pp. 8vo. Manchester, 1878 

Considerations on the electromotive force of muscle. 

21 14. Willigen, Volkert Simon Maarten van der. (1822-1878.) Sur 

le magnetisme des aimants artificiels. (Arch. Mus6e Teyler, 
Vol. 4, pp. 133-320.) I plate. L8vo. Harlem, 1878 

Paper of 118 pages on the famous Harlem magnets; also on methods of 
making electromagnets. 
— See also 1304. 

2115. VolpiccUi, Paolo. (1804-1879.) Rettificazione delle formule 

dalle quali viene rappresentata la teorica iisico-matematica del 
condensatore voltaico. (Mem. Accad. Lincei CI. Sc. Fis. Mat. 
Nat., Vol. 2, pp. 811-850.) 4to. Rome, 1878 

Theory of the electrostatic condenser. 
— See also 1399* 

21 16. Watt, Alexander. (1823-1892.) The microphone, with notes 

on the telephone and phonograph. 64 pp. i6mo. 

London, {1878) 
Popular exposition of the physical principles of the telephone and telegraph. 
— See also 1938. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

21 17. Watteville, Armand de. Practical introduction to medical elec- 
tricity with a compendium of electrical treatment; translated 
from the French by Dr. Onimus. xii+152 pp. ill. 8vo. 

London, 1878 
Diffusion of the electric current through the animal system and its various 
effects. 

ana Weber, Wilhelm (Eduard). (1804-1891.) Elektrodynamischc 
Maassbestimmungen, insbesondere ueber die Energie der 
Wechselwirksamkeit. (Abh. Saechs. Ges. Wiss. Math.-Nat. 
KL, Vol. II, pp. 643-696.) I plate. 4to. Leipzig, 1878 

Some aspects of the transformation of energy. 

— See also mo. 

2119. ZetzBche, (Karl) Ed(uard). (1830-1894.) Ueber den Antheil 

Petrina's an der Erfindung des telegraphischen Gegenspre- 
chens. (Zeitschr. Math. Phys, Hist.-Litt. Abtl., Year 23, pp. 
37-45.) 8vo. Leipzig, 1878 

Petrina's share in the discovery of duplex telegraphy. 
— See also 1632. 

2120. All about the electric light, an illustrated guide to its produc- 

tion, cost and practical application. With descriptions of the 
various inventions now before the public. 112 pp. ill. i2mo. 

London, (1878) 

2121. All about the telephone and phonograph. Containing descrip- 

tions of Bell's and Dolbear's telephones and Edison's phono- 
graph; history of the discovery, details of construction, and 
interesting experiments. 99 pp. ill. i2mo. London, (1878) 
A popular account of the two instruments. 

2122. O0ding)» E(lizabeth) M(ary). Memoir of the late Alfred Smee 

by his daughter, with a selection from his miscellaneous wri- 
tings. xiv-|-422 pp. ill. portr. pi. 8vo. London, 1878 
General account of Smce's electro-metallurgical work; his battery, p. 16. 

2123. Science lectures at South Kensington. 2 vols. i2mo. 

London, i878-'i879 
Lectures on electrometers by J(ames) T(homson) Bottomley; electrical mea- 
surements by Prof. Carey Foster; thermal conductivity by Prof. Forbes, and 
polarized light by Dr. Spottiswoode. 

2124. T616graphe8 et postes, transports a Tusage du public des re- 

ceveurs des telegraphes, et des postes, des telegraphistes, 
^lectriciens et constructeurs de lignes electriques. 342 pp. 
i2mo. Paris, 1878 

General information on telegraph matters. 

2125. The telephone: its wonders and lessons, a voice from the mil- 

lion; with a preface by Prof. Bell. 31 pp. ill. i6mo. 

London, (1878) 
3x26. Anderson, Richard. Lightning conductors, their history, nature 
and mode of application, xv+256 pp. ill. L. 8vo. 

London, 1879 
Description of the various methods that have been used together with a 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

practical exposition of the systems actually employed; preceded by a history 
and followed by a bibliography of the subject. 
— See also 2265, 3907. 

2127. Ayrton, W(illiam) £(dward). Electricity as a motive power, 

discourse delivered to the working men of Sheflfield. British 
Association. 27 pp. 8vo. Sheffield, 1879 

Notes of a popular lecture: Romagnosi (not Romagnesi) said to have dis- 
covered in 1802 that an electric current could produce mechanical motion. 
An electro-motor made in 1831 by the Paduan monk Salvator del Negro. 
— See also 1791. 

2128. Baird, Spencer F(ullerton). (1823-1887.) Annual Report of the 

board of regents of the Smithsonian Institution. 1878. 8vo. 

Washington, 1879 
Biographical memoir of Joseph Henry by Prof. Asa Gray; "Henry and the 
Electric Telegraph/' by William B. Taylor; researches in sound by Prof. 
Joseph Henry. 

2x29. Box, Thomas. Practical hydraulics, a series or rules and tables 
for the use of engineers. Fifth edition. viii+So pp. tab. i2mo. 

London, 1879 

213a Capron, J(ohn) Rand. Aurorae: their characters and spectra. 
xiv+207 pp. 18 plates. 4to. London, 1879 

History and physics of polar aurorae. 

2131. Caro, E(lme-Marie). (1826-1887.) Diderot inedit d'apr^s les 

manuscrits de TErmitage. (Rev. Deux Mondes, Vol. 36, pp. 
566-610.) 8vo. Paris, 1879 

Allusion in 176a to a form of printing telegraph; see footnote p. 567. 

2132. Cavendish, Henry, (i 730-1810.) Electrical researches, written 

between 1771 and 1781. Edited from the original manuscripts 
in possession of the Duke of Devonshire, by J(ames) Clerk 
Maxwell, lxxi+454 Pp. ill. 8vo. Cambridge, 1879 

The collection contains the author's two papers published in the Philosophical 
Transaction of 1771 and 1776 together with considerations on the nature of 
electrification and also investigations in the mathematical theory of charged 
conductors. 
— See also 2462. 

2133. Clark, (Josiah) Latimer. (1822-1898.) Notes from the letters 

and other papers of Sir William Fothergill Cooke. In con- 
nection with the invention of the electric telegraph, 1836- 
1875. Ill pp. Folio {London,) 1879 

The notes (manuscript) are arranged in chronological order. 
— See also 1509. 

2134. Clausius, R(udolph Julius Emmanuel). (1822-1888.) Die mecha- 

nische Behandlung der Elektricitaet. (Die mechanischc 
Waermetheorie. Vol. II,) xii+3S2 pp. 8vo. 

Brunswick, 1879 

The mechanical equivalent of the energy of certain electrical operations; a 
mathematical paper. 
— See also 1669. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

9x35. Coxworthy, Franklin. Electricity the sole agent in creation. 
4+15 PP- i2mo. London, 1879 

A few paragraphs on the sun; Laplace's theory; Jupiter's atmosphere. 
— See also 2833. 

2x36. Daniel, L. S. & J(ames) D. Doyle. The electric light, from its 
first to its most recent development. 36 pp. 8vo. 

Melbourne, 1879 
Generalities of the subject. 
— Sec also 4123. 

2x37. Du Moncel, Th(^odose Achille Louis). (1821-1884.) L'6clairage 
electrique. 316 pp. ill. pi. i2mo. (Bibliotheque des Mer- 
veilles.) Paris, 1879 

The early dynamos and arc-lamps. 

ax37a. (English translation.) Electric lighting. Translated from 

the French by R. Routledge. xv+318 pp. ill. i2mo. 

London, 1882 
— See also 1223. 

2x38. Evans, (Sir) F(rederic John Owen.) (1816-1886.) Elementary 
manual for the deviation of the compass in iron ships, ar- 
ranged in a series of questions and answers intended for the 
use of seamen and as an introduction and companion to the 
Admiralty manual for the deviations of the compass. Fourth 
edition, viii+143 pp. 3 plates. 8vo. London, 1879 

—See also 1545, 1703, 3543. 

2x39. Everett, J(oseph) D(avid). (1831-1904.) Units and physical 
constants. xvi+i7S pp. i2mo. London, 1879 

Work indispensable in a physical laboratory. 
— ^See also 1939. 

2x40. Ferrini, Rinaldo (Eugenio Domenico Tranquillo). Technologic 
der Elektricitaet und des Magnetismus, zum Gebrauche fuer 
Techniker, Ingenieure, bei Vorlesungen zum Selbstunterricht. 
Unter Mitwirkung des Verfassers aus dem Italienischen von 
M. Schroeter. xii+576 pp. ill. 8vo. Jena, 1879 

Electricity and magnetism mathematically treated; also chapters on general 
telegraph testing. 
— See also as8i. 

2X4X. Fischer-Treuenfeld, R. von. Kriegs-Telegraphie; geschicht- 
liche Entwickelung, Wirkungskreis und Organisation dersel- 
ben. ix+374 pp. ill. 2 plates, 2 plans. 8vo. Stuttgart, 1879 
The military telegraph, ita history and operation. 

2x42. Fomioni, Celso. Le recent! meraviglie dell* elettricita e dell' 
acustica. 259 pp. port. ill. i2mo. Milan, (1879) 

Short notices of the telephone, telegraph and electric light. 

2143. (Garratt, B. Copson). Mag^netism, its natural relation to health 
and disease. 32 pp. i2mo. London, 1879 

Alleged principles of curative magnetism; treatment by magnetic appliance; 
pamphlet of doubtful utility. 
— See also 2191, 2230, 4065. 

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CATALOGUE OF IV HEELER GIFT 

9144. Giffard, Pierre. La lumiere 61ectrique expliquee i tout le monde. 
160 pp. map, I plate. i6mo. Paris, i8z9 

Popular account of the early years of electric lighting. 
— Sec also Jo8o. 

2145. Gordon, J(amcs) E(dward) H(enry). (1852-1893.) Four lec- 
tures on static electric induction, delivered at the Ro^'^l In- 
stitution of Great Britain, vi-l-146 pp. ill. i6mo. 

London, 1879 
The lectures were given at the Royal Institution in 1879. Lecture III. con- 
tains description of the author's apparatus for the determination of dielec- 
tric capacity. 

ai45a. (Another edition.) vi-t-146 pp. ill. i6mo. 

New York, j88t 
—See also ai94. 335S. »407, 3689. 

2x46. Hands, Joseph. New views of matter, life, motion, and resist- 
ance; also an inquiry into the materiality of electricity, heat, 
light, colour and sound. ix-fS38-fxv pp. 8vo. London, 1879 

2x47. Hasselberg, (Klas) B(ernhard). Ueber das durch elektrische 
Erregung erzeugte Leuchten der Case bei niedriger Tern- 
peratur. (M6m. Acad. Sc, St. Petersbourg, Scr. VII, Vol. 27.) 
17 pp. ill. 4to. 5"/. Petersburg, 1879 

Light of Geissler tubes examined in connection with temperature. 

3x48. Haswell, Charles H(aynes). (1809-1907.) Engineer's and 
mechanics' pocket-boolc 35th edition. 671 pp. i2mo. 

New York, 1879 

2x49. Hedges, Killingworth. Useful information on practical electric 
lighting. 55 pp. 8vo. London, 1879 

Gas and the electric light; the generation, utilization and qualities of the 
electric light. 

3149a. ^Third edition, revised and enlarged. xii-fi5o pp. i plate. 

i2mo. London, 1882 

2149b. Fourth edition, xii-f-169 pp. i plate. i2mo. 

London, 1882 

— See also 232s, 2432. 

2150. Hess, Clemens. Historische Notizen ueber die Entwickelung 

der elektrischen Influenzmaschinen und Theorie derselben un- 
ter Beruecksichtigung der Holtz'schen Maschinen. jp pp. 3 
plates. 4to. (Programm.) Frauenfeld, 1879 

Electrification by influence; historical sketch. 

2151. Higgs, (Richard William Henry) Paget. Electric light in its 

practical application, viii-f 240 pp. ill. 8vo. London, 1879 
Condensed account of the various dynamos and regulators used in electric 
lighting. 

3x52. Electric transmission of power, its present condition and 

advantages, viii+87 pp. ill. i2mo. London, 1879 

Brief description of early dynamos; comparative efficiencies. 
—See also 3944. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

2153. Hughes, Thomas. The English wire gauge, with descriptive 

tables and drawings. 26 pp. i plate, 9 tables. 8vo. 

London, 187^ 
Historical details; present usage. 
— See also 413a. 

2154. Johnson, Edward H. Statement as to the origin and develop- 

ment of the telephone. 42 pp. 8vo. London, iS/g 

The telephonic work of Gray, Edison and Bell discussed. 
9155. Klasen, Ludwig. Die Blitzableiter in ihrer Construction und* 

Anlage. iv+74 PP- ill* 8vo. Leipgig, iS/g 

Construction of lightning-conductors. 
2x56. Kors, J. De potential functie van geleidende vlakke platen on- 

der influentie van eene electrische massa. 66 pp. pi. 4to. 

Groningen, 1879 

Potential-function due to an attracting plate: a mathematical investigation 

with application to the influence of an electric charge. 

9x57. Mach, E(rnst) & S. Doubrava. Beobachtungen ueber die Un- 
terschiede der beiden elektrischen Zustaende. (Sitz. Her. 
Akad. Wiss. Math.-Nat. Kl., Vol. 80, pp. 331-345) 8vo. 

Vienna, 1879 
Differences between positive and negative electricity as shown by Lichten- 
berg's dust figures; LuUin's experiment on the perforation of cards by the 
discharge of a Leyden jar. 
— See also 144a. 

9x58. Merling, A. Die Telegraphen-Technik der Praxis im ganzen 
Umfange zum Gebrauch fuer den Unterricht fuer Bau- und 
Maschinen-Ingenieure, Telegraphen- und Eisenbahn-Techniker, 
Mechaniker, Militaer-Ingenieure, und fuer die der Militaer- 
Telegraphie nahestehenden Personen bearbeitet. xi+764 pp. 
ill. I map, 2 plates. Svo. Hanover, 1879 

Manual of telegraph engineering. 
— See also 2289. 

9x59. Oekonomides, G. Einige Worte ueber das Wesen der Elektri- 
citaet und des Magnetismus. 40 pp. Svo. Tubingen, 1879 

General remarks on magnetism and electricity. 

9x6a Overend, James. Description of elementary experiments in 
magnetism and electricity. 76 pp. ill. i2mo. Edinburgh, 1879 

9i6x. Paterson, Edward. Electric signals; with an explanation of the 
principles on which they are constructed and full instructions 
for their fixing and maintenance. 32pp. ill. Svo. 

London, 1879 
Written for the use of bell-fitters. 

9x69. Plant6, (Raymond Louis Gaston). (1S34-1SS9.) Recherches 
sur Telectricitc. 271 pp. ill. Svo. Paris, 1879 

Description of the author's secondary battery; experiments with powerful 
storage batteries. 
— See also 2425, 3199. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

2163. Pope, Frank(lin) L(eonard). (1840-1895.) Life and work of 
Joseph Henry, (Extract, Journ. Amer. Electr. Soc.) 31 pp. 
portr. ill. 8vo. New York, 1879 

(Autograph copy, dedicated to Josiah Latimer Clark.) 
— See also 1753. 

2x64. Prescott» George Bartlett. (1831-1894.) Farmer on the electric 
light. (Extract, The Speaking Telephone.) 17 pp. 8vo. 

Newport, 1879 
* Account of the work of Moses G. Farmer in electric lighting. 
2165. ^Thc speaking telephone, electric light, and other recent elec- 
trical inventions. ii+6i6 pp. ill. pi. 8vo. New York, 1879 
Recent and useful applications of electricity described and illustrated. 
— See also 1497. 

2x66. Reidy James D. The telegraph in America; its founders, pro- 
moters and noted men. xiii-f-846 pp. ill. portr. 8vo. 

New York, 1879 
Memorial volume commemorating the inauguration of a statue to Prof. Morse 
in New York City. History of prominent inventors and important American 
telegraph companies. (This is the second title-page. The first title-page 
reads: The telegraph in America and Morse memorial, and in mcmoriam W. 
Orton.) 
— S^ also 3892. 

2x67. Riecke, (Karl Victor) E(duard). Ueber das ponderomotorische 
Elementargesetz der Elektrodynamik. (Abh. Ges. Wiss., 
Goettingen, Vol. 24, pp. 1-68.) 4to. Gottingen, 1879 

Six mathematical papers on electrodynamical subjects. 

2x68. Riess, Peter Theophil. (1804-1883.) Abhandlungen zu der 
Lehre von der Reibungselektricitaet. Vol. II. iv+195 pp. i 
plate. 8vo. Berlin, 1879 

Study of electrical influence and of the efficiency of the Holtz machine in 
particular; also atmospheric electricity and the function of lightning-rods. 
(Vol. I. published in 1867.) 
—See also 862. 

2169. Rockwell, A(lphonso) D(avid). Lectures on electricity in its 

relations to medicine and surgery. 99 pp. ill. 8vo. 

New York, 1879 
Introductory lecture on elementary electricity; electro-medical apparatus d«* 
scribed and illustrated. 
— See also 2064. 

2170. Schellen, (Thomas Joseph) H(einrich). (1818-1884.) Die mag- 

net- und dynamo-elektrischen Maschinen, ihre Entwicklung, 
Construction und praktische Anwendung. x+333 pp. ill. 8vo. 

Cologne, 1879 
The early magneto-machines, dynamos and arc-lamps written for the non- 
mathematical reader. 

2170a. Die neuesten Fortschritte auf dem Gebiete der elektrischen 

Beleuchtung und der Kraftuebertragung. Ein Anhang zu 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

dem Werke desselben Verfassers: "Die Magnet- und dynamo- 
elektrischen Maschinen, etc." pp. 336-426. ill. 8vo. 

Cologne, 1880 

aiyob. Die magneto- und dynamo-elektrischen Maschinen, ihre 

Construction und praktische Anwendung zur elektrischen Be- 
leuchtung. Second edition. (Zweite nach dem gegenwaer- 
tigen auf dcr Pariscr elektrischen Ausstellung vertretenen 
Zustande dargestellte und vermehrte Auflage.) '3CV'\-6s'S pp. 
8vo. Cologne, 1882 

2170C. (English translation.) Magneto-electric and dynamo-elec- 
tric machines, their construction and practical application to 
electric lighting and the transmission of power. Translated 
from the third German edition by Nathaniel S. Keith and 
Percy Neymann, with large additions and notes relating to 
American machines. Vol. I. ill. 8vo. New York, 1884 
— See also 1069. 

2171. SchubEe, F. W. On periodical change of terrestrial magnetism; 
read before the North China branch of the Royal Asiatic 
Society on June 14th, 1878. 64 pp. ill. 8vo. 

Shanghai & London, 1879 
The revolution of the magnetic pole round the geographic is held to be 
caused by attraction between heavenly bodies and the earth's fiery, liquid 
interior; numerous quotations and references of interest. 

217a. Schwartz, F(riedrich) L(eberecht) W(ilhelm). (1821-1899.) 
Wolken und Wind, Blitz und Donner. Ein Beitrag zur Mytho- 
logie und Culturgeschichte der Urzeit. xxvii+207 pp. 8vo. 
(Vol. II of Die Poetischen Naturanschauungen der Griechen, 
Roemer und Deutschen in ihren Beziehungen zur Mythologie.) 

Berlin, 1879 
Contribution to the physics of clouds, storms, lightning and thunder. 

2173. Schwendler, (Carl) Louis. (1838-1882.) On a new standard 
of light. (Journ. Asiatic Soc, Bengal, Vol. 48, part 2.) 94 pp. 
I plate. 8vo. Calcutta, 1879 

The standard suggested is a small incandescent platinum loop. 
— See also 1846. 

3x74. Scudder, Samuel H(ubbard). Catalogue of scientific serials of 
all countries, including the transactions of learned societies 
in the natural, physical and mathematical sciences, 1633-1876. 
xii-f 358 pp. 8vo. Cambridge, 1879 

A valuable bibliography, 

2175. Seelhorst, Georg. Katechismus der Galvanoplastik. Ein Hand- 
buch fuer das Selbststudium und den Gebrauch in der Werk- 
statt. Second edition. (Zweite vollstaendig umgearbeitete 
Auflage.) xii-fi92 pp. ill. i plate. i2mo. (Weber's Katc- 
chismen, No. 62.) Leipzig, 1879 

Elements of electroplating with description of apparatus. 

I-" 473 



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CATALOGUE OP WHEELER GIFT 

21^6, Shoolbred, J(ames) N(ugcnt). Electric lighting and its prac- 
tical application with results from existing examples, iv-f io8 
pp. 5 plates. i2mo. London, 1879 

Historical and dcacriptive notice of electric lighting. 

— See also 2106. 
ai77. Siemens, (Sir) Charles William. (1822-1883.) Einige wissen- 
schaftlich-technische Fragen der Gegenwart. 105 pp. 4 plates. 
8vo. Berlin, 1879 

Methods of measuring and controlling currents; transmission of electric 

energy. 

— See also 1654. 

aiyS. Smith, Willoughby. (1828-1891.) Working of long submarine 
cables. 45 pp. ill. pi. 8vo. London, 1879 

Paper read before the Society of Telegraph Engineers, Febr. is, 1879. 
— See also 2006. 

3x79. Snellen, (Maurits). (1840-1907.) Le telem^t^orographe d'Ol- 
land. 31 pp. I plate. 8vo. Harlem, 1879 

Self-registering meteorograph, illustrated description. 

3z8o. Tibbits, Herbert. How to use a galvanic battery in medicine 
and surgery, a discourse delivered before the Hunterian Soci- 
ety. Second edition, revised and incorporating three lectures 
upon electro-therapeutics, delivered by the author at the 
West-End-Hospital. 76 pp. ill. 8vo. London, 1879 

— See also 189s. 

aiSi. Toy, Edmund P. Easy lessons in electricity, iv-l-63 pp. ill. 

i2mo. (Stewart's Educational Series.) London, 1879 

2x89. Tyndall, John. (1820-1893.) Light and electricity; notes of 

two courses of lectures before the Royal Institution of Great 

Britain. 194 pp. i2mo. New York, 1879 

— See also 1586. 

2x83. Wheatstone, (Sir) Charles. (1802-1875.) Scientific papers, re- 
printed and published for the Physical Society of London. 
xiii+380 pp. 21 plates. 8vo. London, 1879 

Papers on sound; the duration of the electric spark. 
— See also 1564, 3585. 

2x84. Arthuis, A(rthur). Traitement des maladies nerveuses, affec- 
tions rhumatismales, maladies chroniques. Third edition. 151 
pp. ill. 8vo. Paris, 1880 

Work on electro-therapeutics; treatment of special cases. 
— ^See also ssss. 

2x85. Bernstein, Alex(ander). Die elektrische Beleuchtung. 80 pp. 
ill. 8vo. Berlin, 1880 

Various methods of electric illumination considered. 

2x86. Breguet, Antoine. (1851-1882.) La machine de Gramme, sa 
theorie et sa description. 77 pp. ill. 8vo. Paris, 1880 

Elementary theory of the Gramme machine explained with numerous illus- 
trations. Established the principles of the magnetic circuit. 
•'■See also 3990. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

azSy. Chrystal, (George). On the differential telephone. (Trans. 
Roy. Soc, Edinburgh, Vol. 29, pp. 609-636.) 4to. 

Edinburgh, 1880 
Description and uses of a differential telephone together with the mathe- 
matical theory of the instrument. 
— See also 4353. 

2x88. CoUadon, (Jean) D(aniel). (1802-1893.) Notes sur les in- 
conv6nients et les difficultes du tunnel etudi6 sous le Mont- 
Blanc et de ses lignes d'acces projetees. Avantages incon- 
testables d'un chemin de fer international par le Simplon. 68 
pp. I plate. Svo. London, 1880 

An engineering study; the relative advantages of the Mont Blanc and 
Simplon tunnels* preliminary work. 
— See also 1825. 

9189. Crompton, R(ookes) £(velyn Bell). The electric light for in- 
dustrial uses. 41 pp. I plate. Svo. London, 1880 
General information for an intending user of electric light. 
— See also 2229, 4175. 

azgo. Frost, A(lfred) J(ames). (1844-1881.) Biographical memoir 
of Francis Ronalds. 23 pp. Svo. London, 1880 

Reprinted from the Ronalds* catalogue. (See No. 2207.) 
— See also 2207, 3937. 

2x91. Garratt, B. Copson. The true philosophy of health and healing 
illustrated by the uniform success of curative magnetism. 31 
pp. i2mo. London, 1880 

Popular paper on curative magnetism. 
— See also 2x43. 

3x93. Giffardy Pierre. La t616phonie domestique. 117 pp. i6mo. 

Paris, 1880 
Simple account of the telephone written for the general reader. 
— See also so8o. 

3x94. Gordon, J(ames) E(dward) H(enry). (1852-1893.) Physical 
treatise on electricity and magnetism. 2 vols. ill. pi. Svo. 

London, 1880 
Details of important electric and magnetic measurements made by the 
author. 
— See also 2x45. 

3x95. Heilemann, F. J. Der Blitzableiter, das neueste ueber dessen 
Herstellung und Sicherheit bringende Anwendung. Wichtig 
fuer Baumeister und Fachleute, sowie fuer jeden Haus- und 
Landwirth. Nebst einer Abhandlung ueber Elektricitaet. 36 
pp. ilL Svo. GorlitM, 1880 

Notes on the velocity of electrical transmission; thunderstorms; lightning 
rods. 

3196. Helmholtz, (Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand) (1821-1894), (Gustav 
Robert) Kirchhoff (1824-1887) and Ernst Werner Siemens 
(1816-1892). Verhandlungen der Kgl. Preussischen Akademie 
ueber die Blitzableiter. (Extract, Monatsbericht, Kgl. Preuss. 
Akad. Wiss. 1876-1880.) 27 pp. Svo. Berlin, 1880 

Paper on lightning conductors. 
— See also 1214, 1259, 1548. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

az97. Hoffmeyer, N(iels). (1836-1884.) £tude sur les tempetes de 
TAtlantique septentrional et projet d'un service tel^graphique 
international relatif i cet oc^an. 54 pp. 7 maps. 8vo. 

« Copenhagen, 1880 

Necessity of meteorological stations on the Faroe Islands, Iceland and 
Greenland. 
2198. Holtz, W(ilhelm Theodor Bernhard). Ueber die Zunahme der 
Blitzgefahr und ihre vermuthlichen Ursachen. Eine Statistik 
der Gewitter, der Blitzeinschlaege in Gebaeude, der blitzbe- 
zueglichen baulichen Einrichtungen und der Verluste durch 
Blitz, auf Grund zahlreicher Mittheilungen aus Deutschland, 
Oesterreich und der Schweiz. 158 pp. 8vo. Greifswald, 1880 
Destruction of life and property by lightning. 
— See also 1982. 

2x99. Johnston^ W(illiam) J(ohn). Telegraphic tales and telegraphic 
history, a popular account of the electric telegraph, its uses, 
extent and outgrowths. 254 pp. i2mo. New York, {1880) 
— See also 203a. 

aaoo. Jones, John. The sun a magnet. 44 pp. ill. i2mo. 

Dundee, 1880 
Among subjects treated are: the general structure of the sun, star-twinkling, 
comets' tails. The author's views are somewhat startling. 

aaoz. Lcvander, F(rederick) W(illiam). Solutions of the questions 
in magnetism and electricity, set at the preliminary scientific 
and first B. Sc. pass examinations of the University of Lon- 
don, from i860 to 1879, together with definitions, dimensions 
of units, miscellaneous examples, etc. 94 pp. ill. i2mo. 

London, 1880 
Useful for College and University students. 

aaoa. Maigne, W. Nouveau manuel complet du fabricant d'objects 
en caoutchouc, gutta-percha, gomme factice, toile et taffetas 
cir^s, suivi de Timperm^abilisation des 6toffes, papiers, cuirs 
etc. 2 vols. 3 plates. i6mo. Paris, j88o 

Practical handbook for the manufacture of gutta percha. 

2203. Mercadier, E. Trait6 elementaire de t^l6graphie ^lectrique, 

legons faites i Tadministration centrale des t6I6graphes i 
Tusage des auxiliaires. 261 pp. ill. i2mo. Paris, 1880 

The elements of telegraphy. 

2204. Molesworth, (Sir) Guillford L(indsey). Pocket-book of useful 

formulae and memoranda for civil and mechanical engineers. 
20th edition. viii-f6io pp. ill. 32mo. London, 1880 

2205. Morton, Henry. (1836-1902.) Reports on the topophone and 

the electric light. (Annual Report, I-ight-house Board, Ap- 
pend.) 50 pp. ill. 8vo. Washington, 1880 
The topophone was devised for the purpose of aiding navigators in deter> 
mining the position of distant fog-signals. Arc and incandescent lighting 
considered. 
— See also 2292. 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

aao6. Pelletier, A. L. & Taupin d'Auge. La pose et I'entretien des 
sonneries electriques mises i la portee de tout le monde. 72 
pp. ill. L. 8vo. Paris, 1880 

Practical i>aper on the instalUtlon and maintenance of electric bells. 

2207. Ronalds, (Sir) Francis. (178&-1873) Catalogue of books and 

papers relating to electricity, magnetism, the electric tele- 
graph, etc., including the Ronalds library; with a biographical 
memoir of the author, edited by Alfred J. Frost, xxvii+564 
pp. 8vo. London, 1880 

Cataloffue compiled hy Sir Francis Ronalds and edited by Alfred J. Frost 
who died in 1881 at the early age of 38. It contains 13,000 entries with 
numerous notes, historical and critical; also biographical notice of Sir Francis 
Ronalds. (See Nos. 3937* 5505, s667a.) 
— See also 803, a 190. 

2208. Saavedm, Antonino Suarez. Tratato de telegrafia. Vol. I. 

Historia universal de la telegrafia. Second edition, revised 
and enlarged. 656 pp. ill. 8vo. Barcelona, 1880 

Historical and practical handbook. On p. xxo, the C. M. of the Scots Maga- 
zine is said to be Charles Marshall. (See No. 378.) 

2209. Schamweber, L. Die elektrische Haustelegraphie. Handbuch 

fuer Techniker, Mechaniker und Bauschlosser. 125 pp. ill. 
8vo. Berlin, 1880 

General information on telegraphy and telephony. 

22ZZ. Sleeman, C(harles) W(illiam). Torpedoes and torpedo war- 
fare, containing a complete and concise account of the rise 
and progress of submarine warfare; also a detailed descrip- 
tion of all matter appertaining thereto, including the latest 
improvements. viii+SOp pp. 5 plates. L. 8vo. 

Portsmouth, 1880 
Practical information on submarine mines and methods of firing them. 

22X2. Somz6e» L6on. Nouveau proc6d^ d'6clairage 61ectrique. 22 pp. 
I plate. 8vo. Schaerbeek, 1880 

Finely divided particles of carbon used instead of pencils or filaments for 
electric lighting. 

22x3. Spon, Ernest Supplement to Spon's Dictionary of engineering, 
civil, mechanical, military and naval. (Letter Co. to In.) ill. 
L. 8mo. London, 1880 

A number of electrical articles. 
— See also 23921 4x03. 

22x4. Swan, J(oseph) W(ilson). Electric lighting. 24 pp. i plate. 
8vo. Newcastle-upon-Tyne, j88o 

Progress made in electric lighting during the period x 878- 1880. General ad- 
vantages of the incandescent light, its division, subdivision and measurement. 
— See also 4202. 

22x5. Thayer, Ella Cheever. Wired love; a romance of dots and 
dashes. 256 pp. i2mo. New York, j88o 

22x6. Urquhart, J(ohn) W. Electric light, its production and use 
embodying plain directions for the working of galvanic bat- 

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CATALOGUE OF WHEELER GIFT 

teries, electric lamps and dynamo-electric machines, edited 
by F. C. Webb, xiv+290 pp. ill. i2mo. London, 1880 

aaxy. Electro-plating, a practical handbook including the practice 

of electro-typing, viii-l-216 pp. ill. i plate. i2mo. 

London, j88o 
Compact practical handbook. 
— See alflo 2302. 

flsz8. Wilson, Frederik J(ohn) F(arlow). Stereotyping and electro- 
typing, a guide for the production of plates by the papier- 
mache and plaster processes; with instmctions for depositing 
copper by the battery or by the dynamo machine, also hints 
on steel and brass facing, xv-l-195 pp. ill. pi. i2mo. (Wy- 
man's Technical Series.) London, 1880 

The second part contains a brief history of dectrolytic deposition, also de- 
tails of various processes used. 

2219. Zetzsche, (Karl) Eduard. (1830-1894.) Geschichte und Ent- 

wickelung des elektrischen Fernsprechwesens. Second edi- 
tion. 64 pp. ill. 8vo. Berlin, 1880 

History and operation of the electric telephone. 
•^See also 1632. 

2220. AUard, £(mile). Memoire sur les phares ^lectriques, compre- 

nant le programme de Teclairage electrique des cotes de 
France complete par des signaux sonores a vapeur. xiii-f87 
pp. 8 maps. 8 plates. 4to. Parti, 1881 

Electric light in coast illumination; generators used; optical apparatua; naps 
and illustrations. 
— See also 5467. 

2221. Armengaud, Jacques Eugene. (Senior.) (1810-1891.) Manuel 

de r^clairage electrique. Sources et g^n6rateurs d*61cc- 
tricite. Lampes et regulateurs. £clairage par incandescence 
et par arc voltaique. Division et distribution de la lumi^re. 
vi+232 pp. i2mo. Paris, 1881 

Dates of patents and short description of electric generators, glow lamps, are 
lamps, etc. 

2222. Arthuis, A(rthur). L'^lectricite statique et Thyst^rie; memoire 

precede d'une lettre a M. le professeur Charcot 72 pp. 8vo. 

Paris, 1881 
History of the application of static electricity to medical cases; details of 
the author's work. 
— See also 2184. 

2223. Avenarius, (Michael Petrowitsch). M6thode pour la division 

de la lumiere electrique. 4 pp. i plate. 4to. Paris, 1881 

A brief note on the subdivision of the electric light. 

2224. Bede, £(mile). La tel6phonie. Histoire,