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Full text of "Commemorative biographical record of New Haven county, Connecticut, containing biographical sketches of prominent and representative citizens and of many of the early settled families .."









833 00826 1890 

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Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center 









Biographical Sketches of Prominent and Representative Citizens. 
AND OF Many of the Early Settled Families. 




J. H. Beers & Co. 




maternal line was Rev. Joseph Fish, a graduate of 
Harvard College, and for fifty years the pastor of 
a church in North Stonington, Conn., whose repu- 
tation as a man of exemplary piety is sustained by 
his letters. His eldest daughter, Mary Fish, the 
mother of Professor Silliman, was first married, in 
ijqS, to the' Rev. John Noyes, son of the pastor of 
the First Church in New Haven. Mr. Xo}es died 
in 1767. Her marriage with Gen. Silliman took 
place in 1775. He had been previously married, and 
a son, William Silliman, the fruit of this earlier mar- 
riage, was now a youth. Three of her children also 
survived, Joseph, John and James Xoyes, the last 
two of whom ultimately became faithful ministers 
of the Gospel, and died at an advanced age. In 
1804 she was married a third time, to Dr. John 
Dickenson, of Middletown, who died in 181 1. Her 
own death occurred in 1818. "She combined in her 
nature a woman's tenderness with a remarkable 
fund of energy and fortitude." 

Benjamin Silliman w^as prepared for college un- 
der the tuition of his pastor. Rev. Andrew Elliot. 
He entered Yale College in 1792. and was graduated 
in 1796, and passed the following year at the home 
of his mother in Fairfield, which had betn the place 
of residence of the Sillimans from the early Colo- 
nial days. He then taught school in Wethersfield. 
and was a resident there the greater part of the 
year 1798. In that same year he returned to Xew 
Haven, and began the study of law in the oilfice of 
Simeon Baldwin; and in September, 1799, when he 
had reached the age of twenty, he was appointed a 
tutor in Yale. This he held until his admission to 
the Bar, in 1802. One of his classmates and a tutor 
in Yale with him was Charles Denison, and both 
were admitted to the Bar at the same time. Denison 
became a lawyer of high repute. Among his fellow- 
pupils were two with whom he- was destined to be 
intimately associated for nearly the whole of his 
long life, Jeremiah Day and James L. Kingsley. 

At this period in young Silliman's life natural 
science was beginning to attract the attention of 
educators. The corporation of Yale had, several 
years before, at the recommendation of President 
Dwight, passed a vote or resolution to establish a 
professorship of Chemistry and X'atural History 
as soon as the funds would admit it. The time had 
arrived when the college could safelv carrv the reso- 
lution into effect, and at the solicitation of President 
Dwight Mr. Silliman abandoned the profession of 
the law and devoted himself to the profession of 
science. The circumstances of this change of plan 
he describes as follows : "The president then did me 
the honor to propose that I should consent to have 
my name presented to the corporation, giving me 
at the same time the assurance of his cordial sup- 
port, and of his belief that the appointment would 
be made. I was then approaching twenty-two vears 
of age — still a youth, or only entering on early man- 
hood. I was startled and almost oppressed by his 
proposal. A profession — that of the law — in tjie 

study of which I was already far advanced, was to 
be abandoned, and a new profession was to be ac- 
quired, preceded by a course of study and prepara- 
tion, too, in a direction in which in Connecticut 
there was no precedent. The good President per- 
ceived my surprise and embarrassment, and v.ith 
his usual kindness and resource proceeded to remark 
to this effect : T could not propose to you a course 
of life and of effort which would promise more u:fe- 
fulness or more reputation. The profession of the 
lav/ does not need you ; it is already full, and many 
eminent men adorn our courts of justice; you may 
also be obliged to cherish a hope long deferred, be- 
fore success would crown your eft'orts in that pro- 
fesion, although, if successful, you may become rich- 
er by the law than you can by science. In the pro- 
fession which I proffer to you there will be no rival 
here. The field will be all your own. The study 
will be full of interest and gratification, and the pre- 
sentation which you will be able to make of it to the 
college classes and the public will atford much in- 
struction and delight. Our country, as regards the 
physical sciences, is rich in unexplored treasures, and 
by aiding in their development you will perform an 
important public service, and connect your name 
with the rising reputation of our native land. Time 
will be allowed to make every necessary preparation ; 
and when you enter upon your duties vou will speak 
to those to whom the subject will be new. You will 
advance in the knowledge of your profession more 
rapidly than your pupils can follow you, and will 
always be ahead of your audience.' " Mr. Silliman 
in 1802 was chosen to this professorship, and as a 
means of preparation for it he passed two winters 
m Philadelphia in the study of chemistry under 
Prof. James Woodhouse, Professor of Chemistry in 
the University of Pennsylvania. On April 4, 1804, 
he delivered his first lecture to the senior class in a 
public room, hired for college purposes, in Mr. Tut- 
tle's building on Chapel street, on the history and 
progress, nature and subjects, of chemistry. "I con- 
tinued to lecture, and I believe in the same room 
until the Senior class retired, in July, preparatory 
to their commencement in September. My first 
efiforts were received with favor, and the class which 
I then addressed contained men who were afterward 
distinguished in life. On the 4th of April. 1804, I 
commenced a course of duty as a lecturer and pro- 
fessor, in which I was sustained during fifty-one 
years." In the following year he gave a complete 
course of lectures, and in March, 1805. he went 
abroad to purchase scientific books and apparatus, 
and spent about a year in study in Edinburgh and 
London. He also visited and met many distin- 
guished men of science. Returning to this country, 
he devoted himself to the duties of his professorship, 
which included chemistry, mineralogy and geology, 
until 1853, when he was made professor emeritus, 
hut at the special request of his colleagues continued 
his lectures on geology until 1855. when he was 
succeeded by his son-in-law, James D. Dana. The 



latter, in his inaugural discourse, delivered Feb. i8, 
1856, in part said : 

"In entering upon the duties of this place, my 
thotights turn rather to the past than to the subject 
of the present hour. I feel that it is an honored 
place, honored by the labors of one who has been 
the guardian of American science from its child- 
hood, who here first opened to the ccuntn,- the won- 
derful records of Geology ; whose words of elo- 
quence and earnest truth were but the overflow of 
a soul full of noble instincts and warm sympathies, 
the whole throwing a peculiar charm over his learn- 
ing, and rendering his name beloved as well as illus- 
.trious. Just fifty vears since. Professor Silliman 
took his station at the head of chemical and geologi- 
cal science in this college. Geology was then hardly 
known by the name in the land, out of these walls. 
Two years before, previous to his tour in Europe, 
the whole cabinet of Yale was a half bushel of un- 
labelled stones. On visiting England he found even 
in London no school, public or private, for geologi- 
cal instruction, and the science was not named in the 
English universities. To the mines, quarries and 
clififs of England, the crags of Scotland, and the 
meadows of Holland, he looked for knowledge, and 
from these and the teachings of Murray. Jameson, 
Hall, Hope and Playfair, at Edinburgh, Professor 
Silliman returned equipped for duty, and creating 
almost out of nothing a department not before rec- 
ognized in any institution in America." 

While in Edinburgh, Professor Silliman became 
interested in the discussions, then at their height, 
between the Wernerians and Huttonians. and attend- 
ed lectures on geology ; and on his return he began 
the studv of the mineral structure of the vicinitv of 
New Haven. 'T arrived in Xew Haven from Scot- 
land on the first of June, 1806. and on the first day 
of September I read to the Connecticut Academy of 
Arts and Sciences a report on the mineral structure 
of the environs of Xew Haven, which was printed 
in the first volume of the Transactions of the Acad- 
emy. This report occupies fourteen pages, and hav- 
ing been published more than fiftv-two vears ago — 
when I was twenty-seven vears of age — I have been 
gratified to find that an attentive re-perusal yester- 
day (Jan. 6, 1859) — after I know not how many 
years of oblivion — suggested very few alterations, 
and I have not discovered anv important errors." 

About 1807-08 the corporation of Yale was per- 
suaded by Professor Silliman to purchase the cabi- 
net of minerals belonging to Mr. Benjamin D. Per- 
kins, of Xew York. It was transferred to Mr. Silli- 
man's chamber, and was the starting point for more 
extensive collections added afterward. A few years 
later Mr. Silliman secured the loan of the magnifi- 
cent collection of George Gibbs. which in 1825 be- 
came the propertv of the college. 

Professor Silliman's scientific work, which was 
extensive, began with the examination in 1807 of 
the meteor that fell near Weston, Conn. He pro- 
cured fragments of this, of which he made a chemi- 

j cal anaylsis, and he wrote the earliest and best au- 

j thenticated account of the fall of a meteor in Amer- 
ica. He began, in 181 1, an extended course of ex- 

' periments with the o.xy-hydrogen hydric, a com- 
pound blow pipe, invented by Robert Hare, and he 

I succeeded in melting many of the most refractory 
minerals, notably those containing alkalies and alka- 
line earths, the greater part of which had never been 
reduced before. After Sir Humphrey Davy's dis- 
covery of the metallic bases of the alkalies, Profes- 
sor Silliman repeated the experiment, and observed 
for the first time in this country the metals sodium 
and potassium. 

Professor Silliman, in 1830, explored Wyoming 
\'alley and its coal formations, examining about 100 
mines and localities of mines; in 1832-33 he was en- 
gaged under a commission of the Secretary of the 
Treasury in a scientific examination on the subject 
of the culture and manufacture of sugar, and in 1836 
he made a tour of investigation among the gold 
mines of Virginia. His popular lectures began in 
1808, in Xew Haven, on chemistry. He delivered 
his first course in Hartford, in 1834, and in Lowell, 
Mass., in'the fall of that same year. He subsequent- 
ly lectured in Salem, Boston, Xew York, Baltimore, 
Washington, St. Louis, X'ew Orleans and elsewhere 
in the United States. In 1838 he opened the Lowell 
Institute in Boston, with a course of lectures on 
Geology, and in the three following years he lectured 
there on Chemistrv. "The series were without doubt 
the most brilliant of the kind that were ever deliv- 
ered in this country, and its influence in developing 
an interest in the young science was very great. 
Many of the present leaders of science trace their 
first inspiration to those popular expositions of Pro- 
fessor Silliman." 

Professor Silliman was opposed to slavery, and 
during the Kansas l;roubles was instrumental in •or- 
ganizing a colony in Xew Haven for that point and 
spoke in favor of their being provided with rifles. 
Durmg the Civil war he was a firm supporter of 
President Lincoln, and exerted his influence in the 
abolition of slavery. 

In 1818 Professor Silliman founded the Ameri- 
can Journal of Science and Arts, and it has con- 
tinued to be edited and published bv members of his 
family from that time to this, aided more or less by 
other scientific experts. For a long time it was 
quoted as SilUiiian's Journal. The Journal was con- 
ducted by Silliman chiefly alone until 1838, when his 
son, Benjamin Silliman, jr., later professor of chem- 
istry in the college, was associated with him. and 
with the beginning of the second series Mr. Dana, 
soon to be made Professor of Geology and Mineral- 
ogy, became also one of the editors-in-chief. As 
Dana's part in it became more and more important, 
it was properly spoken of as the American Journal. 
Bowdoin College conferred upon Professor Silli- 
man the degree of ^NI. D. in 1818, and Middlebury 
that of LL. D., in 1826. He was the first president 
of the American Association of Geologists and X'at- 


'w^ ; 



, Ix^f '<£).--n>i_-'Oc^ 



uralUts, in 1840, which society later became the 
American Association for tlie Advancement of Sci- 
ence, lie was one of the corporate members named 
hv Congress in the formation of the Natural Acad- 
finv of Sciences, in 1863. He was corresponding;- 
niember of the Geological Societies of Great Britain 
and France. He was also connected with other so- 
cieties both in this country and abroad. 

Professor Silliman, as referred to in Appleton's 
Encyclopedia, edited three editions of William Hen- 
ry's "Elements of Chemistry'' (Boston, 1808-1814) ; 
also three editions of Robert Bakewell's "Instruc- 
tions in Geology-" (New Haven, 1820-33- ^n^' ,'^9) ; 
and was the author of "Journals of Travels in Eng- 
land, Holland and Scotland" (New York, 1810) ; 
"A Short Tour Between Hartford and Quebec in 
the Autumn of 1819" (1820) : "Elements of Chem- 
istry in the Order of Lectures given in Yale Col- 
lege" (two volumes, New Haven. 183031) ; "Con- 
-sistency of Discoveries of Modern Geologv-, with the 
Sacred History of the Creation and Deluge" (Lon- 
<Ion, 1837) ; and "Narrative of a Visit to Europe, 
1851" (two volumes, 1853). 

An important event in the life of Mr. Silliman 
occurred in i8og, about three years after his return 
from Europe. This was his marriage to Miss Har- 
riet Trumbull, daughter of the second Governor 
Trumbull. Jonathan Trumbull, the elder, a graduate 
of Harvard College, had distinguished himself bv 
refusing to join a part of his colleagues in Council 
in administering to Governor Fitch the oath to exe- 
•cute the stamp act, and, being chosen lieutenant-gov- 
ernor, he had himself likewise refused to take the 
oath to carry out the oppressive measures of Parlia- 
ment. Chosen governor in 1769, he was re-elected 
for fourteen consecutive terms — the only Colonial 
■governor who retained his office after the beginning 
of the Revolutionarv war. He stood very high, as 
is well known, in the esteem of Washington, who 
pronounced him "one of the first of patriots," and 
whom he sustained with resolute, unfailing patriot- 
ism to the end of the great struggle. A sedate Puri- 
tan, deeply imbued with the spirit of religion, and 
fearless in the discharge of every duty, he stands 
among the heroic figures in our national history. 
His son, the second governor, and the father of 
Mrs. Silliman, was worthy of such a parent. After 
filling various important offices he w^as made gov- 
ernor of Connecticut in 1798, and held this station 
imtil his death, in 180Q. 

One of Professor Silliman's dauehters, Maria, 
married John B. Church; another. Faith, married 
Oliver P. Hubbard, professor of Chemistrv at Dart- 
mouth College, who died in 1900, when ninety years 
old, in New York ; another daughter. Henrietta, mar- 
ried the distinguished scientist, James Dwight Dana, 
late professor in Yale University: Julia married 
Rev. Edward W. Gilman, Secretary of the .Ameri- 
can Bible Society: and Benjamin, Jr., '\l. D.. LL. D. 
(1816-1885), was a distinguished chemist and scien- 
tist, a professor in Yale University. The elder 

Silliman was married a second time, Mrs. Sarah J. 
Webb becoming his wife, Sept. 17, 1857, in Wood- 
stock, Connecticut. 

Professor Silliman was styled by Edward Everett 
the "Nestor of American Science." His person was 
commanding, his manners dignified and attable, and 
his general traits of character such as to win uni- 
versal respect and admiration. He died at New Ha- 
ven Nov. 24, 1864. A bronze statue of Professor 
Silliman was erected on the Yale grounds in 1884. 

CURTIS. This family is one of the oldest in 
New England, and the branch in which ran the line 
of the late Hon. George Redfield Curtis, a promi- 
nent manufacturer and leading citizen for many 
years of >Meriden, where his widow and son still 
reside, is one of the oldest of Connecticut. The 
late George Redfield Curtis was seventh in line 
from his first American ancestor, John Curtis, the 
line of his descent being through Thomas, Nathan- 
iel, Benjamin, Benjamin (2) and Asahel. 

(I) John Curtis, born in England, a son of 
Widow Elizabeth Curtis, was at Stratford, Conn., 
in 1639, among the first settlers there with his 
mother and brother William. 

(II) Thomas Curtis, son of John, born in 1648, 
settled in Wallingford, Conn, (one of the original 
settlers), in 1670. 

(III) Nathaniel Curtis, son of Thomns, born in 
1677, married (second), in 1702, Sarah Howe. 

(IV) Beniamin Curtis, son of Nathaniel, born 
in 1703, married in 1727 Miriam Cooke. 

(V) Benjamin Curtis (2), son of Benjamin, 
born in 1735, married Mindwell Hough in 1763. 

(VI) Asahel Curtis, son of Benjamin (2), and 
the father of George R. Curtis, born Tuly 2, 1786, 
married in 1812 Mehitable Redfield. She was from 
Clinton, Conn., born in 1790, and was a descendant 
in the seventh generation from her first American 
ancestor, William Redfield. He was from England, 
and came to the Colony of Massachusetts at an early 
day, locating on the Charles river, six miles from 
Boston. The line of Mrs. Curtis' descent is through 
James. Theophilus, Daniel, Roswell and Augustus. 
The last named married Anna Grinnell, through 
whom Mrs. Curtis was a descendant of Tohn Alden. 
The children of ]\Ir. and Mrs. Asahel Curtis were: 
Tennett, Phebe A., Benjamin U., Asahel and George 

George Redfield Curtis was born Dec. 25, 
1825, in Meriden. in which place in the main he 
received' his education. He began life for himself 
at the age of eighteen years, as clerk in a dry-goods 
store in Middletown, remaining so employed four 
years. In 1847 he went to Rochester, N. Y., and 
for a year was occupied in teaching school in that 
vicinity. The following year he mirsued the same 
occupation in Meriden, and in 1840 he became a 
bookkeeper for Julius Pratt & Co., of Meriden, with 
which firm he remained until October, 1850. when 
he was made teller of the Meriden Bank. On Jan. 

i ■'• Hv 




7, 1853, the month followinpf its org-anization, he 
entered the employ of the Meriden Britannia Co.. 
and in April following was elected its treasurer, a 
position he held until his death, May 20, 1893, a 
portion of the time serving also as secretary of the 
company. For manv years of his life his best 
efforts, energy and ability were given to the great 
and growing interests of that company, and his la- 
bor and care contributed largely to its prosperity 
and success. 

Mr. Curtis was always interested in what affect- 
ed the prosperity of his native town, and his con- 
nection with the financial and manufacturing con- 
cerns of Meriden is indicated by the following list 
of offices held by him. He was treasurer of the 
Meriden Britannia Co. ; president of the Meriden 
Silver Plate Co. ; Meriden Horse Railway Co. and 
Meriden Gas Light Co. : was director of Planning, 
Bowman & Co., the Home National Bank, [Meriden 
Trust & Safe Deposit Co., R. Wallace & Sons ]\Ianu- 
facturing Co. of Wallingford, Rogers & Brother of 
Waterbury, and the William Rogers Alanufacturing 
Co. of Hartford. He was a trustee of the Meriden 
Savings Bank, and of the Curtis Home for Orphans 
and Old Ladies. 

In his political views Mr. Curtis was a Repub- 
lican, but never a politician. He served the city as 
councilman and alderman, and from 1879 to 1881 as 
mayor. He was intellectual in his tastes and widely 
read in general and historical literature. Socially he 
was a most genial and responsive companion and ac- 
quaintance. As a husband and father he was most 
loving and indulgent ; as a son most filial in his de- 
votion to his mother, whose life almost reached a 
century of years. His religion seemed to be innate. 
For almost forty-five years he was an officer of St. 
Andrew's parish and for many years either senior 
or junior warden. As the years went on and his 
means increased, he gave to his beloved church mu- 
nificently. In 1891 his sister, Mrs. Hallam, died and 
left the bulk of her property to build a new church 
in Meriden as a memorial to her husband: Mr. Cur- 
tis supplemented this gift largely, and two days 
before his death added to his generosity by pre- 
senting to the new parish a house and lot for a 
rectory. Mr. Curtis was elected, on Easter Monday 
prior to his death, lav delegate to the diocesan con- 
vention, and he attended the General Episcopal Con- 
vention at Baltimore in the fall of 1892. He was a 
member of several committees on the diocesan board. 
His gifts to St. Andrew's were bestowed with the 
characteristic modesty that always distinguished 

On May 22, 1855, Mr. Curtis was married to 
Augusta Munson, youngest child of Jesse and 
Sophia (Talmadge) Munson, of Bradford, in west- 
ern New York. The marriage was blessed with 
three children, namely: George Munson: F"rederick 
Edgar, who died in childhood: and Agnes D., Mrs. 
Allan B. Squire, of Meriden, who died May 20, 
1900. The mother of these was born June 17, 1833, 

and was in the eighth generation from her first 
American ancestor, Thomas Munson, a pioneer of 
Hartford and New Haven, Conn., the line of her 
descent 'being through Samuel, Joseph, Ephraim^ 
Jared, Rufus and Jesse. 

On the death of Mr. Curtis- one of the Meriden- 
papers thus referred editorially to his life : 

One by one the pioneers in the great work of building 
up Meriden are passing from the stage of human activities. 
The latest to go is (ieorge R. Curtis, so long a prominent 
figure m the prosperity of his native town. The news of 
Mr. Curtis' death, while not a surprise, owing to the feeble 
state of his health for some time past, was never-the-less a 
severe shock to the community, for none of his colleagues 
or contemporaries in the larger sphere of Meriden busmess 
life was more generally respected. Those who knew him 
. intmiately loved him, and his death came to them as a per- 
sonal loss. Of a peculiarly refined and sympathetic nature, 
I Mr. Curtis was always courteous and kind, under the most 
i trying circumstances of a busy career. His love for his 
; native town was only equalled by his unflagging interest in 
everything that pertained to its welfare and his unostcn- 
1 tatious efforts to assist in every way possible, even at per- 
! sonal sacrifice, the growth and advancement of the commu- 
I nity alont; the right lines. Like all our leading ciitizens 
j Mr. Curtis began life at the bottom of the ladder, and by 
! his ability, pluck and integrity worked his way up round by 
I round. But he was never so absorbed in his own advance- 
ment as to refuse an encouraging word or a helping hand to 
others on the same toilsome journey who stood in need of 
1 both. His business associates had the most implicit conh- 
dence in his judgment, and his relations were always infused 
with that spirit of refinement and gentleness which was a 
dominant part of his nature. In the rush and complications 
of modern business life it was a genuine pleasure to find a 
man like Mr. Curtis with that old-school faculty of smoothing 
rough surfaces, rounding off sharp edges and bringing har- 
mony out of discord. 

Nir. Curtis held many positions of honor und trust. His 
business connections were wide and varied, but he also- 
found time for other relations necessary to round out a suc- 
cessful career. He served the city as a member of the 
council and as its chief magistrate, and zealously devoted 
to the performance of his public duties the same character- 
istics that were the secret of his business success. Long an 
honored member of St. Andrew's church, Mr. Curtis will be 
missed by every member of the parish. His lite was emi- 
nently consistent with deeply rooted religious convictions, 
but not obtrusively so. With a pleasant greeting and a 
kind word, and acts of charity known only to himself, loved 
and respected by his fellow-men, George R. Curtis' life- 
among us has been such that while we are filled with grief 
because the end has come, we are thankful for such lives 
for the good they do, for the encouragement they give and 
for the example they are to others. 

George M. Curtis was married Nov. 30, 1886, to- 
Sophie Phillips, who was born May i, 1869, daugh- 
ter of Thomas Trowbridge and Catherine (Hurl- 
but) Mansfield. 

AUGUSTUS LINES (deceased) is well re- 
membered by both young and old in New Haven, in 
which city all his long hfe was passed. For thirty 
years he was a member of the board of assessors, 
and he was long prominent in commercial circles,, 
for a time carrying on a business established by his. 
father, at the corner of State street and Grand 

Mr. Lines was born in New Haven, Sept. 13,. 
1797, not far from the historic old mansion at No. 


^^^S^^^/Ck^^^^^^c^/^/^c^ Q!vL/^>^-7.^^-/ 



144 Olive street still occupied by his widow, and 
where he resided for over eighty years. It was 
built in 1804, by one of his ancestors, and is one of 
the oldest houses in that part of the State. -The 
Lines family has long been located in Woodbridge, 
this county, and there our subject's father, Ezra 
Lines, was born. Coming to Xew Haven in early 
nianhood, Ezra Lines remained in that city until his 
death, at the age of sixty, engaged in mercantile 
business. He was three times married, and Au- 
gustus was one of the six children (all now de- 
ceased) born to his last union, with Elizabeth Um- 
berfield. She also died at the age of sixty. They 
were originally Episcopalians in religious connec- 
tion, and later attended the Xorth Church, known as 
the United Church. 

Augustus Lines was reared and educated in the 
city of his birth, and early commenced his business 
training under the careful guidance of his father. 
later carrying on that store on his own account for 
a time. He subsequently had a tailoring establish- 
ment, in which, as in his other business ventures, he 
made a decided success. He was long a director in 
the New Haven National Bank, the oldest bank in 
the city, at the corner of Orange and Chapel streets, 
and was regarded as a man of integrity and un- 
questioned honor in every transaction. As above 
mentioned, he was on the board of assessors for 
thirty years, and was the oldest member thereof at 
the time of his retirement. He was also on the 
school committee for many years. Mr. Lines 
reached the age of ninety, dying Dec. 31, 1887, and 
he was remarkably well preserved, retaining his 
faculties to the last and continuing to take an active 
interest in all around him. In political faith he was 
a stanch Republican. 

Augustus Lines married Lucy Ann Ritter, and 
they had three children ; ( i ) Augustus E., who re- 
sides in New Haven, married Mary A. Kimberly. 
(2) George P. died in New Haven in June, 1875. 
He was twice married, and by his first wife, Elmira 
Augur, had two children, who died very young; 
there were no children by his second union, with 
Ann Eliza Hibbard. (3) Jane E., born Aug. 2, 
1830, resides in New Haven. 

On Aug. 5, 1852, Air. Lines was united in mar- 
riage with Miss Martha Kimberly, a native of New 
Haven, and they made their home at once in the 
old Lines residence, where IVlrs. Lines still resides. 
Two children blessed this union, Alartha Kimberly 
and Maria Kimberly, the eldest dying in infancy. 
Maria K. Lines became the wife of James Henry 
Rowland, Jr., of New Haven, and died at the age 
of twenty-nine years. They had four children: 
Stuart Lines, Mabel Silliman (now Mrs. William 
C. Lloyd, of New Haven), ]^Iarion (deceased) and 
Edith (deceased). Mrs. Lines attends the. Third 
Church ( Congregational ) . 

The Kimberly Fa.milv. to which Mrs. Lines 
belongs, has long been identified with West Haven, 
and was founded in America by Thomas Kimberly, 

who came from London to New Haven in 1638. He 
was one of the founders of the New Haven Colony. 
He removed to Stratford, and died in 1673. His 
family consisted of four sons and two daughters, 
and Eleazer was the first male white child born in 
New Haven ; he became a prominent man, was for 
many years secretary of State, and died at Glaston- 
bury in 1707, leaving one son and four daughters. 
Thomas, the second son of Thomas, died at Xew 
Haven in February, 1705, leaving no children. 
Abraham was killed by the Indians in South Caro- 
lina. Nathaniel is next in the line of descent to 
Mrs. Lines. 

(II) Nathaniel Kimberly died at West Haven in 
1705. He had five children: Airs. Elizabeth Mall- 
ory, Mrs. Sarah Blakeslee, Nathaniel, Mrs. Kirby 
and Mrs. Mary Chittenden. 

(III) Nathaniel Kimerbly (2), son of Nathaniel, 
died at West Haven in 1720. His children were: 
Nathaniel (3), Zuriel, Abraham, Abigail, Hannah, 
Mar)' and Bathsheba. 

(I\') Nathaniel Kimberly (3), son of Nathaniel 
(2), died at West Haven in 1780. His children 
were : Israel, mentioned below ; Silas, who mar- 
ried Alary Smith, daughter of Jonathan, and died 
in 1803 (they had two children) ; and Abigail, wiie 
of Lamberton Smith. 

(V) Israel Kimberly, son of Nathaniel (3), died 
in 1768. He married Mary Umberfield, and they 
had children as follows : Azel, Gilead, Nathaniel, 
Israel, Ezra, Gideon, Liberty, Huldah, Mary, Sarah 
and Hannah. 

(\T) Gilead Kimberly was a sea saptain, and 
lived to the age of seventy-six. He married Marv 
Brocket, and their children were : Alaria, who 
married Eliakim Kimberly ; William, father of Mrs. 
Lines ; Elizabeth, who married Capt. Francis B. 
Davis : Hannah ; and Lydia, who married Capt. 
John Neagle. 

(VII) William Kimberly was born in West 
Haven, but spent the greater part of his life in New 
Haven, dying at the age of fifty. He was a farmer 
by occupation. Air. Kimberly married Ruth Ann 
Nichols, who was a native of Trumbull, as was also 
the father, and who died at the age of forty-five 
years. She and Air. Kimberly were both members 
of the Congregational Church. Twelve children 
were born to this worthy couple, four of whom lived 
to maturity, and of whom we have the following- 
record: (i) William Henry (deceased) married 
Alehetable Coggshall, and they had a family of si.x 
children — Alartha Elizabeth, who married George 
Spencer, of Hartford (no children) ; Alary Ruth, 
widow of George G. Baldwin, residing in New- 
Haven (no children); William Henry; Harriet; 
Hettie. Airs. Eugene Del Foss, who has one child, 
Eugene ; and Frank William, who married Harriet 
V. Kelsey (no children). (2) Eliza Ann and (3) 
James are both deceased. (4) Martha is the widow 
of Augustus Lines. (5) Gilead, now a resident of 
New Hartford, married Abigail Baldwin, and they 

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have eight children — WiUiam Gilead, wiio married 
Laura Dennis, and has had four children, Caroline, 
Agatha and two sons ; Ellen Mary, wife of Felix 
Chantrell, who has had two sons and one daughter; 
Angeline, Airs. PVederick Dorman, who has had 
two children, Abigail and Arthur; Alartha Emma, 
who married Henry Fairchild, resides in Lynn, 
Mass., and has had three children, Dwight, Henri- 
etta and Louisa ; Augusta Lines, who married John 
Ransom, and had three daughters ; Abigail ; Fred- 
erick Abner, who is married and has one son ; and 
Harry. (6) Dennis is deceased. (7) Francis (de- 
ceased) married Jane Piatt ; they had no children. 
(8) Harriet Xewcl (deceased) married Charles 
Gates Bostwick, and they had four children — Leon- 
.ard, married to Helen Friend Plumb (one daughter, 
Ruth Plumb) ; ^ilartha Kimberly, who is deceased : 
Harriet Kimberly, wife of Henry Smith Patten, and 
the mother of three children, Lenora Bostwick, 
James Thomas and Leonard Bostwick ; and Charles 
Gates, deceased. (9) Edwin is deceased. ( 10) Eliza 
(deceased) married Cornelius Starr Morehouse, 
and their daughter, Mary Louise, married Rev. Ed- 
win Stevens Lines, by whom she had four children 
— Edwin ^Morehouse, Henry Starr (deceased), Mar- 
garet Kimberly (deceased) and Harokl Stevens. 
(iir) James, who now resides in Xew Hartford, 
married Margaret Eunice Clark, and to their imion 
were born four children — James William, Robert 
Barnard, Edwin Xelson and Ruth Minerva. (12) 
George Dwight lives in Fair Haven. He married 
Mary Louisa Hurlbut, and to them were born two 
-children — Caroline Emily and Edna. The former 
is the widow of John Horax Hall, and has had two 

ABNER AUSTIN. The Austin family of New 
Haven, Conn., traces an honorable ancestry for 
many generations, many of its members having been 
conspicuous in public, military and religious life, 
possessing also, domestic virtues and leaving credit- 
able records in business careers. Among the resi- 
dents of New Haven, and a representative of this 
-old and respected family, is Miss Sarah E. Austin. 

Great-great-great-grandfather John Austin. lived 
in Wallingford, Conn., a region rich in historic as- 
sociations, and he there married Prudence Royce. 
Joshua, son of John was born in Wallingford. and 
there married Nancy Hall. Abner. son of Joshua. 
"born also in that town, married Ann Beers, and their 
son, Joseph, born in Wallingford, married Bethiah 
Page, also of Wallingford. 

xA.bner Austin, son of Joseph and Bethiah Austin. 
was born in ^^ladison. Conn., Jan. 3, 1810, and died 
in New Haven, Nov. i, 1884. He was sixteen 
years old when he first came to New Haven, which, 
for so many years was destined to be the scene of 
"his commercial success. Naturally intelligent and 
very studious, he was at this time better educated 
than youths of his age ordinarily were, and after 
two years with Prof. Benjamin Silliman, of this 

city, he was engaged by Professor Shepherd, and 
assisted that distinguished man in laboratory, work. 
Later he was employed by Mr. Eli Whitney, with 
whom he remained for a number of years, accepting 
then a situation as clerk in the grocery house of 
Smith & Ives. Some time later he embarked in 
the grocery business with his brother-in-law, Elijah 
Gilbert, and their grocery and market was located 
on the corner of Elm and Church streets (the site 
being now occupied by Mr. Nesbit), and for more 
than thirty-six years this business was conducted on 
principles which retlected honor upon both the firm 
and this city. Through times of activity and those 
of depression, the foundations of this business were 
ever the same, speculation having nothing to do with 
its success or failure. By those incorruptible 
methods of honesty and fair dealing, Mr. Austin 
gained and kept the confidence of both the trade and 
his patrons. 

The lamented death of Abner Austin removed 
one of the oldest merchants in New Haven. His 
establishment had long been recognized as the most 
complete in the city, and he was a leader in his line 
for many years. His prominence and success had 
come to him by honest etifort, as he was a self-made 
man, beginning at the bottom of the financial ladder. 
Close attention to business commended itself to Mr. 
Austin as the surest way to succeed, and he built up 
a business that contributed to the prosperity of a 
large force of employes, added prominence to the 
city, and brought competence to his own family in 
whose welfare he took so deep an interest. 

Mr. Austin was united in marriage with Esther 
A. Gilbert, a lineal descendant of Alatthew Gilbert, 
one of the chief men of the commonwealth in the 
early days of Connecticut. Two children were born 
to Abner Austin and wife: E. Gilbert, who died in 
1886, at the age of forty-one years, a finely educated 
man, who was associated with his father as book- 
keeper; and Miss Sarah E., the youngest of the 
family. The death of Mrs. Austin occurred June 
22, 1873, at the age of sixty-four years. Both par- 
ents had been worthy and consistent members of the 
North Church, now the United Church. 

JOHN RUGGLES ROSSITER, one of the ven- 
erable retired residents of the town of Guilford, 
comes of a family which has long been identified 
with this region, and is a descendant of Edward 
Rossiter, one of the early settlers of Boston and 
an assistant of Governor Winthrop, and the first of 
the name in America. He arrived at Salem, Mass., 
in June, 1630, and died in the autumn of the same 

Dr. Bryan Rossiter. son of Edward, came to this 
j country with his father in 1630. making the voyage 
j in the ".'Mary & John." In 163 1 he was made a free- 
: man in Dorchester, Mass., whence he removed to 
I Windsor, Conn., in 1639; he was the first town clerk 
I of the latter place. In 165 1 he removed to Guil- 
I ford, where he passed the greater part of his remain- 

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ing years, dying there Sept. 30, 1672. On account 
of clifTicultios with the people of Guilford about the 
union of the New Havai and Hartford Colonies, 
he removed to Killingworth, now Clinton, but later 
returned to Guilford. He enjoyed an extensive 
practice. Dr. Rossiter married Elizabeth Alsop, and 
eleven children were born to them : Johanna, who 
married Rev. John Cotton, died Oct. 12, 1702; 
Esther died in 1649; John married Mary Gillette, 
and died in September, 1670; Samuel died Aug. 10, 
1640; Timothy died in 1647; Josiah is mentioned 
below; Peter died in 165 1 ; Abigail died in 1648; 
Susanna, born Xov. 18, 1652, married Rev. Zach- 
ariah Walker, and died April 26, 1710; Elizabeth 
died in September, 165 1 ; Sarah died Aug. 10, 1669. 
Josiah Rossiter, fourth son of Dr. Bryan, was 
born in Windsor, and came to Guilford with the 
rest of the family, spending the remainder of his 
life in this town. He was a farmer by occupation. 
He married Sarah Sherman, daughter of Samuel 
and Sarah (Mitchell) Sherman, of Stamford, and 
they died Jan. 31, 1716, and March 13, 1713, re- 
spectively. They had a large familv: Sarah, born 
Nov. 26, 1677, died May 18, 1679; Elizabeth, April 
16, 1679, Sept. 17. 1698: Josiah, [May 31, 1680, 
Sept. 23, 1 75 1 (married Mary Hill) ; Samuel, Jan. 
28, 1682, Aug. 23. 1682; Timothy, June 5, 1683. 
Feb. 7, 1725 (married Abigail Pcnfield) ; John, Oct. 
13, 1684, Jan. 8, 1687; Samuel, Feb. 17, 1686, Jan. 
6, 1711 (married Anna Ward); David, April 17, 
1687, April 29, 1688; Jonathan, April 3, 1688 (mar- 
ried Anna Pierson) ; Nathaniel, mentioned below: 
Sarah, Feb. 25, 1691 (married Abraham Pierson) ; 
Patience, April 6, 1692 (married John Belding) ; 
Johanna, April 23, 1693, June 16, 1703; ]Mary, Sept. 

3, 1694 (married Samuel Chesebrough) ; Theophi- 
lus, Feb. 12, 1696, April 9, 1771 (married x\bigail 
Pierson) ; Susanna, June 13, 1697; Ebenezer, Feb. 

4, 1699, Oct. II, 1762 (married Hannah White). 
Nathaniel Rossiter, son of Josiah, born in Guil- 
ford Nov. II, 1689, spent his entire life in that 
town, where he died Oct. 4. 1751. He engaged in 
farming. On July 8, 1714. he married Anna Stone, 
also a native of Guilford, born June 17, 1692, died 
April 20, 1770, daughter of Nathaniel and ^lary 
(Bartlett) Stone. Five children were born to this 
marriage: Nathaniel, March 23, 1716, died Nov. 
21., 1769 (married Deborah Fowler) ; Benjamin, 
Sept. 25, 1718 (mentioned below) ; Sarah, June i, 
1720, died April 4, 1760 (married Aaron Evarts) ; 
Noah, April 15, 1725. died Feb. q, 1757; Nathan, 
Oct. 31, 1730 (married Sarah Baldwin). 

Benjamin Rossiter, born Sept. 25, 1718, in Guil- 
ford, died Sept. 27. 1796. He was a lifelong farmer, 
living in the northern part of the town. On March 
21, 1 75 1, he married Abigail Baldwin, daughter of 
Timothy and Bathsheba (Stone) Baldwin, born 
March 5, 1724, died Sept. 14,' 1754. On Nov. 19, 
1755, he married for his second wife Sarah ]\Iorse 
Baldwin, widow of Timothy Baldwin, a brother of 
the first wife. Mrs. Sarah Rossiter was born May 

6, 1728, and died Jan. 27, 1828, when almost one 
hundred years old. Children: Bathsheba, born 
Jan. 18, 1752, died Oct. 10, 1770; Timothy, men- 
tioned below; Sarah, born June 6, 1757, died April 
19, 1852 (married Theophilus Fowler) ; Lois, born 
July 13, 1759, died June 17, 1791 (married Eben- 
ezer Fowler) ; Benjamin and Abigail (twins), born 
Nov. 21, 1762, died July 5, 1764, and Jan. 22, 1821, 
respectively (she married Ebenezer Russell). 

Timothy Rossiter, born in North Guilford ]May 
21, 1754, died Feb. 26, 1835, and was buried in 
North Guilford cemetery. He passed most of his- 
life in his native place, and was quite active 
in all its interests, and a deacon in the church. He 
was a soldier in the Revolutionary war. On ]May 

14, 1783, he was married in Guilford to Mary Rug- 
gles, daughter of Deacon Nathaniel and Anna 
(Bartlett) Ruggles, born 1758, died March 16, 
1816. On Oct. 16, 1816, he was married to widow 
Anna Arnold, of Haddam, Conn., who died in No- 
vember, 1844. Children: Benjamin, born Aug. 20,. 
1784, died Oct. 31, 1787; Abigail, Aug. 3, 1786,. 
Sept. 20, 1796; John, Aug. 22, 1788, Oct. 8, 1799; 
Benjamin (2) (mentioned below) ; Lois, May 12, 
1793, Feb. 22, 182 1 ; Timothy, Dec. 2, 1796, Aug. 

15, 1879 (married Sally Todd) : Daniel, Oct. 8, 
1798, Nov. 29, 1837 (married Harriet Hanford) ; 
Mary, July 28, 1801, April 6, 1883 (married John 

Benjamin Rossiter was born Oct. 10, 1790, on 
the old Rossiter homestead in North Guilford, and 
there spent his entire life. He took an active inter- 
est in the affairs of his day, and was well known 
in public and church circles, serving as deacon in 
the church. In political opinion he was first a Whig, 
later a Republican. On July i, 1816, he married 
Catherine Brooks, born in 1793, daughter of Dr. 
David S. and Annis (Benton) Brooks, and she died 
Jan. I, 1825. He subsequently married, Dec. 12, 
1827, Nabby Dudley Fowler, widow of Daniel Fow- 
ler, born Oct. 21, 1786; she died Nov. 19, 1872, and 
he died Nov. 20, 1866. Children, all by first mar- 
riage : John Ruggles, born June 20, 1817, is men- 
tioned below; David Brooks, born Nov. 16. 1819, 
married Carrie ^L Rossiter; Sophronia Annis, bom 
Nov. 8, 1822, married Nathan C. Dudley. The 
parents both sleep in North Guilford cemetery. 

John R. Rossiter was born on the old homestead 
in North Guilford, and received a good education, 
which he put to practical use, engaging in the teach- 
er's profession for forty years in the public schools 
of New Haven county. He also carried on farming, 
and has assisted in the local civil administration in 
various capacities, though specially active in educa- 
tional affairs. .As selectman, justice of the peace, 
assessor and school visitor he gave universal satis- 
faction to all concerned, and his services in the 
State Legislature received substantial approval in 
his re-election ; he served four terms in the House. 
Mr. Rossiter has. like his forefathers, taken a deep 
interest in the work of the Congregational Church, 

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of which he is a member, and in which. he was 
elected deacon in 1856, serving many years. He has 
led a temperate, industrious, useful life, and is now 
enjoying in retirement the fruits of his early efforts, 
deservedly contented in the substantial rewards 
which have attended his industry and the esteem 
which he commands wherever he is known. 

On June 11, 1845, Mr. Rossiter married Miss 
Cleora Frances Cruttenden, who was born Aug. 29, 
1824, and children as follows were born to them : 
Benjamin, born Sept. 7. 1846, is mentioned below; 
Adeline, born March i, 184S, is a teacher; John, 
born Jan. 20, 1850, is a resident of Norwich. Conn., 
and is also a teacher ( he married Eleanor G. Brown, 
of New Canaan) ; Catherine, born June 30, 1852, 
was married Feb. 13, 1S83, to George H. Chitten- 
den, and died March 15, 1885; Frances, born Dec. 
18, 1854, is unmarried, and is a trained nurse ; Lois, 
born Oct. 3, 1857, was married July 27, 1882, to 
William M. Foote; Mary, born Dec. 28, 1859, was 
married Jan. 3, 1880, to Arthur Newton, of Durham, 
Conn.; Anna, born April 8, 1862; and Ruth Fow- 
ler, born Sept. 21, 1864, died Aug. 20, 1884. 

Benjamin Rossiter is a representative citizen 
of North Guilford, where he was born, and where 
his entire life has been passed. He received his edu- 
cation in the district schools and North Guilford 
Academy, and taught in the district schools of Guil- 
ford and Durham. Aliddlesex county, in his earlier 
manhood, but he is now engaged in agricultural 
pursuits on the old homestead. His life has been 
one of useful, effective industry, and by his tem- 
perate habits and uprightness. he has won universal 
respect among his fellow men. The confidence 
which his townspeople have in his ability and intelli- 
gence has been shown in his election to the State 
Legislature, where he represented them in 1891. 
Mr. Rossiter is an active member of the North Guil- 
ford Congregational Church, in which he holds the 
office of deacon, and he is a worthy representative of 
ancestry which has alwavs held an honored place 
in the life of the community. 

The Cruttenden family, to which Mrs. John R. 
Rossiter belongs, is also of English origin, and 
Abraham Cruttenden. the first of whom we have 
record, came from Cranbrook, England, settling in 
Guilford in 1639. He died there in January. 1683. 
After the death of his first wife, ^lary, he married 
Mrs. Johanna Chittenden, a widow, on May 31, 
1665; she died Aug. 16, 1668. Children: Thomas. 
who died Feb. 8. 1698; Abraham, next in line of 
descent ; Isaac, who married Lvdia Thompson, and 
died July 10, 1685 ; ^L1rv, who married Deacon 
George Bartlett. and died Sept. 11, 1669; Elizabeth. 
wife of John Graves ; Hannah, wife of George 
Highland ; and Deborah, who died April 30, 1658. 

Abraham Cruttenden, son of Abraham, was mar- 
ried May 13, 1661, to Susanna Gregson. daughter 
of Thomas Gregson, of New Haven : she died Sept. 
8, 1713. Children: Abraham, born March 8. 1662. 
died May 14, 1725 (married Susanna Kirby) ; 

Sarah, born Aug. 21, 1665, died in October, 1692 
(married Thomas Robinson); Thomas, born Jan. 
31. 1667, died Sept. 14, 1754 (married Abigail 
Hall) ; John, born Aug. 15, 1670. died May 16, 
1 75 1 (married Bathsheba Johnson) ; Joseph, born 
April 9, 1674, died Feb. 6, 1763 (married Mary 

John Cruttenden, born in Guilford Aug. 15, 
1670, died ^lay 16. 1751. On May 6, 1703, he 
married Bathsheba Johnson, born Aug. 20, 1683, 
died April 25, 1752. Children: Elizabeth, born Feb. 
3, 1704. died Aug. 31. 1789 (married Ebenezer 
Hall) ; Rachel, born Nov. 2j, 1707, died Sept. 22, 
1751 ; John, born May 2, 1710, died June 18, 1784 
(married Lucy Lee) ; Mary, born March 13, 1713, 
died Feb. 22, 1795; David is mentioned below; 
Isaac, born xA.pril 5, 1720, died July 13, 1796 (mar- 
ried Lucy Benton). 

David Cruttenden was born in Guilford Dec. 3, 
1 7 16, and died Sept. 30. 1770. On Oct. 20. 1742. 
he married Elizabeth Stone, born May 6, 1717, died 
Sept. 3, 1797, and they had children: Elizabeth, 
born 1744, died Oct. 8, 1820; David, born May 15, 
1746, died Sept. 27, 1829 (married Hannah Foster) ; 
Nathan, born Jan. 22. 1751, died July 28, 1817; 
Ruth, born Jan. 7, 1749. died March 2. 1829; Abra- 
ham, born Oct. 11, 1756, died Nov. 28, 1837. 

Abraham Cruttenden, born in Guilford Oct. 11, 
1756, spent his entire life as a farmer in East Guil- 
ford (now Madison), where he died Nov. 28, 1837. 
On Jan. 15, 1783, he married Hannah Dudley, born 
April 23, 1754, died Aug. 7, 1810. and on March 19. 
18 1 2. he married widow }sabby Griswold, daughter 
of Josiah Kelsey. Abraham Cruttenden was a sol- 
dier in the Revolutionary war. serving as a private 
in Capt. Hand's Company, Col. Talcott's Regiment. 
Children : Abraham, born March 9, 1784, died May 
14, 1861 : Eber is mentioned below; Harvey, born 
Nov. 17. 1788. died 1868 (married Catherine Mur- 
phy) ; Sally, born Jan. 19, 1791, died Oct. 23, 1844 
(married Jared Redfield). 

Eber Cruttenden, born March 5. 1786, died 
Aug. 6. 1872. On Jan. 2, 1811, he married Olive 
Dudley, born in June, 1791. died Aug. 25, 1826. 
On June 25, 1827, he married Ruth Fowler, born 
Feb. II, 1783, died May 13, 1866. Children: Han- 
nah Maria, born May 21. 1812. died Nov. 5, 1882; 
Eber Dudley, born June 7. 1814. died Aug. 15, 
182 1 : Adaline, born Jan. 2, 1817; Samuel Dudley, 
born Jan. 25. 1819. died Feb. 25. 1819; Eber Dud- 
lev, horn April 2, 1823, died May 20, 1889: Cleora 
Frances, born Aug. 29, 1824. married John R. Ros- 
siter : Samuel Dudley, born Dec. 5, 1825, married 
Rhoda B. Chittenden. 

MAIER ZUNDER (deceased), the founder of 
the firm of M. Zunder 8z Sons, wholesale dealers in 
foreign produce, liquors and tobacco, and late presi- 
dent of the National Savings Hank, was long one 
of the leading business men and most substantial 
citizens of New Haven. 



Mr. Zunder was born May 24, 1829. in Fuerth, ] 
Bavaria, son of Aaron and Besla (Kaiser) Zunder, | 
and was of that nationality to whicli this country t 
is greatly indebted for a good class of citizens, : 
whose frugality, industry and public spirit have been ' 
potent factors in the general progress. In 1848, in I 
company with three brothers, Mr. Zunder came to j 
the United States. For a time he worked as a print- \ 
er, which trade he had learned at home, and in 1852 1 
began business on his own account, his patron- \ 
age increasing from a very modest beginning to | 
large proportions under his able management. Be- \ 
fore his demise the business was located in a five- | 
story brick building, with basement, in State street, I 
New Haven. Each story has a floor space of 25x100 | 
feet, and ample room was altorded for the manipu- j 
lation and display of a choice line of goods, embrac- 
ing French and German wines and liquors, the better \ 
grades of domestic whiskies and California vintages, I 
tobaccos, and table condiments of almost every de- i 
scription. The firm has an extensive patronage, and j 
they act as agents for various ocean lines, issuing 
drafts payable in all the principal European cities. 
Mr. Zunder was first associated with his brother, 
Samuel, at Xo. 54 Church street. After the latter's 
death our subject carried on the business in the 
Church street location until i860, when he removed 
his store to State street. For many years he was as- 
sociated with r^Ir. Metzger, the firm being known 
as AI. Zunder &: Co., and in 1S82, when Albert, the 
eldest son of Mr. Zunder, was admitted to the firm, 
it became M. Zunder & Son. In 1887 another son, 
Theodore, was taken in, and the firm was composed 
at the time of the death of Mr. Zunder of himself 
and his two sons, Albert and Theodore. Both these 
young men are natives of the "Elm City," and are 
prominent in various social and benevolent organ- 

Maier Zunder was both enterprising and public- 
spirited to an exceptional degree, and contributed 
not a little of his time and means to work in dif- 
ferent lines leading up to the advancement of New 
Haven. For more than twenty years he was a 
member of the school committee, to which he w^as 
first elected in 1867, and was re-elected seventeen 
consecutive times. While on the board he served at 
different times on every committee, and succeeded 
the late Harmanus M. Welch as president of that 
body. Always interested in public atifairs, his office- 
holding was confined to the board of education. 
The Zunder school in George 'street was named in 
honor of him. 

Maier Zunder held membership in several or- 
ganizations. He was treasurer of the Congregation 
Mishkan Israel ; was a past master of the I. O. O. 
F. ; belonged to the Germania Lodge ; Connecticut 
Rock Lodge, F. & A. M.. of which he was a char- 
ter member; and Horeb Lodge, I. O. B. B., of which 
he was at one time president. He was a member of 
the board of governors of the Bnai Brith Home, in 
Yonkers, N. Y. Socially he was connected with 
the Harmony Club and other organizations. Mr. 

Zunder was a man of open heart and generous spirit, 
and did a work of charity in the city of which little 
was known, but which made his death, on June 29, 
1901, a serious loss to many worthy and unfortunate 
people. In commercial circles Mr. Zunder was very 
strong. Thirty-five years ago he assisted in the 
founding of the National Savings Bank, and for 
twenty-five years was its president. It is said that 
during that long period he was never absent from 
any regular meeting of the bank officials. For many 
years he was one of the directors of the Mechanics' 
Bank, and was one of the most active members of 
the Chamber of Commerce. He was also associ- 
ated with the New Haven Colony Society. 

Mr. Zunder is survived by two brothers and 
two sisters : Louis, who is at Grand Rapids, Mich. ; 
Seligman, who is connected with the National Sav- 
ings Bank of New Haven; and Mrs. David Lauten- 
back and ]Vlrs. Feuchwanger, both of whom reside 
in New Haven. 

Mr. Zunder was twice married. His first wife, 
Mina Rosenthal, died, and he then wedded her sis- 
ter, }^Irs. Regina (Rosenthal) Zunder, widow of 
his brother. This union was blessed with the fol- 
lowing children : Isabella, who is the wife of Seig- 
wart Spier, of New Haven ; Albert ; Theodore ; So- 
phie, who married Isadore Chase, of Waterbury ; 
Delia, who is the wife of Charles L. Weil, of New 
Haven ; and Reginal E.. a clerk in the National Sav- 
ings Bank. By her former marriage ^Irs. Zunder 
had three children : Flora, wife of Lewis P. Weil ; 
Carl ; and Albert Rosenthal. 

Albert Zunder was born June 29, 1856, in 
New Haven, and was there reared to manhood, re- 
ceiving his education in a private school, and finish- 
ing at the Wooster school. When he was seventeen 
years of age he was taken into his father's store, 
and, in a sense, grew up with the business. At 
the present time he is at the head of the firm. 
Albert Zunder was married Oct. 8, 1882, to Rose 
E. Falk, a daughter of ]Maier Falk, of Albany, N. 
Y., where she was born, and where her father was 
in the tobacco trade. Monroe F. is the only surviv- 
ing child of this union. 

Albert Zunder takes an independent position in 
politics and holds to the principle of voting for the 
best men for public position. Since the death of his 
father he has been elected treasurer of the Jewish 
Synagogue. For five years he has been treasurer 
of the Harmony Club, and for fifteen years was as- 
sociated with its management ; he is also a member 
of the I. O. O. F. ; of Connecticut Rock Lodge, F. & 
A. M. ; Knights of Honor, and the Heptasophs. 

JAMES H. SANDERSON, one of the success- 
ful and progressive agriculturists of Hamden. New 
Haven countv. has made his special field of industry 
a success, and is highly esteemed and respected by 
all who know him. He was born in Middletown, 
Conn., Oct. 7, 1829, son of David Sanderson, a na- 
tive of Hamden, where the grandfather, Cyrus San- 
derson, was employed in the gristmill owned by 

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Eli Whitney and Jerry Davisi. Cyrus Sanderson 
died at about the age of sixty years. 

David Sanderson jiassed his boyhood and youth 
near Whitneyville, uiicre in early Hfe he served an 
apprenticesliip to the gunmaker's trade, and he con- 
tinued to follow that occupation there for some time. 
Subsequently he worked in Johnson's gun shop, at 
Middlctown, and while there married INIiss Sarah 
H. Tiffin, of that place. After the birth of our sub- 
ject the father returned to Hamden and entered the 
Whitney Gun Works, where he was employed until 
1861. He removed to the farm where our subject 
now resides in 1841. There he died in 1862, at the 
age of fifty-eight years. James H. is the oldest of 
his three children ; William H. is a resident of Rock 
Island, 111. ; and Chandler died in 1862. 

Jamesi H. Sanderson was twelve 3'ears of age 
when the family removed to the farm in Hamden, 
and amid rural scenes he grew to manhood.' He 
remained on the farm until about fifteen, assisting 
in its operation, and then entered old Squire Whit- 
ney's gun shop at Whitneyville to assist his father, 
who was employed there. In those days- this shop 
was turning out the first of the old Navy revolvers 
of the Colt pattern. 'Sir. Sanderson spent in all 
about twenty years at gim and pistol working, giv- 
ing up that work in 1865. About 1857 he built the 
house near the old homestead and lived there for 
twelve years, after which he returned to the farm 
where his boyhood was passed. Since about 1865 
he has devoted his entire time and attention to agri- 
cultural pursuits, for the past thirty years making a 
specialty of market gardening, raising all kinds of 
vegetables, which he retails ; he also carries on fruit 
growing. He has a good farm of twenty acres. 

In 1856 Mr. Sanderson was united in marriage 
with Miss Ellen R. Curtiss, of Hamden, daughter 
of Philo Curtiss, and they have had three children : 
Elizabeth ; ^Slaria ; and Hattie. wife of William C. 
Mansfield, of Hamden. In his political affiliations 
Mr. Sanderson is a Republican, though he seldom 
attends an election, his assistance to the party being 
rendered almost entirely through the influence he 
exerts. He was a stanch supporter of the Free Soil 
doctrine during the period of itst agitation. . Mr. 
Sanderson gives an earnest support to all measures 
which he believes will prove of public benefit. He 
is widely and favorably known and has a host of 
warm friends in the community where he has so 
long made hisi home ; for a man of his age he is 
well preserved, in spite of his life of activity. 

HENRY C. ROWE, the head of the firm of H. 
C. Rowe & Co., grovvers and shippers of Rhode 
Island and Long Isjand- Sound oysters, was the 
pioneer in deep water oyster culture, and this firm 
now owns more oyster ground than any other in the 
United States. 

Mr. Rowe was born in New Haven April 23, 
1851, son of Ruel and Abbie (Gordon) Rowe, and 
grandson of Levi Rowe. His ancestors were land 
holders in New Haven in 1640. His great-grand- 

father, Ezra Rowe, and Matthew Rowe (3), brother 
of Ezra Rowe, were in the Colonial army in the war 
of the Revolution. Mr. Rowe's ancestors were pub- 
lic-spirited and enterprising citizens. His father, 
Ruel Rowe, carried on various commercial and mer- 
cantile enterprises, and at the time of his death, in 

1 868. was engaged in the importation of oysters, 
principally from Southern waters, and in shipping 
them to Canada, New York and the West. Upon 
his death, in May, 1868, his son, Henry C, under- 
took the conduct of the business, although then but 
a boy of seventeen. His mother was, however, a 
woman of rare intelligence, character and energy, 
and it was with the aid of her advice that he was 
able to lay the foundation of what has become a 
great and successful enterprise. 

. For about a year after his father's death, Henry 
C. Rowe carried on the business along the same 
lines, but the Southern competition for the Western 
trade was strong, and he soon began to build up a 
New England trade, which formed the nucleus of 
the extensive business of the present firm. In later 
years he has shipped all over the northern parts of 
the United States and Canada, as far west as Cali- 
fornia and Oregon, and as far east as England and 
Germany. Mr. Rowe now owns over ten thousand 
acres of oyster ground in Long Island Sound, be- 
side controilling a large area in the State of Rhode 
Island, and gives employment to a great number of 
persons and vessels of various kinds. The culti- 
vated oysters of Connecticut and Rhode Island are 
superior in quality and flavor to most of the Chesa- 
peake Bay and other Southern stock, and Con- 
necticut alone ships annually millions of bushels 
of oysters, opened and in shell, to the markets of 
the United States, Canada and Europe. 

Before this result was reached, however, many 
great difficulties were encountered and overcome, 
which cannot even be mentioned within the limits 
of this sketch. Before 1870 Mr. Rowe realized the 
great possibilities and immense future for the oyster 
industry of New England — if oysters could be prop- 
agated on a great scale in Northern waters, in- 
stead of depending principally upon supplies from 
the South. In order that this could 'be done, im- 
portant legislation was necessary, and it was not 
until May 14, 1874, that he took from the State the 
first large grant of oyster ground made in the deep 
waters of the Sound, outside of the harbors, reefs 
and islands, and commenced the work of oyster 
propagation on a large scale. This new enterprise 
was looked upon as foolhardy, the general opinion 
being that no defensible right could be secured to the 
ground, and that, if it could, the culture itself, for 
many reasons, was impracticable. Many of the 
predictions were not wholly mistaken, and the 
young man found a rough road to travel over ere he 
reached the goal of his ambition. When some of 
the early obstacles were overcome, and he had con- 
verted some of the sea bottom of the Sound into a 
prospective oyster farm, numerous other difficult- 
ies arose. The general public had an idea that 



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ovsKTS grew like wild fruit, and needed only to 
be plucked ; and many believed that the rig-ht of 
property in ovster ground was a wrong to the pub- 
lic, and' that all oysters in the water were common 
plunder. Much prejudice against the enterprise 
existed, and it was for a few years almost impos- 
sible to get redress from the courts for the thefts 
and trespassing practiced, for, as the oyster farms 
were increased to include hundreds of acres, thefts 
were frequent and the beds difficult to guard. As 
Mr. Rowe's experiment began to give promise of a 
successful industry, others went into the enterprise, 
and some of them, not understanding the law for a 
written title, went into the Sound and staked out 
ground here and there, regardless of the rights of 
others. In substance, such were the nature and con- 
ditions attending the earlier years of oyster culture 
in Long Island Sound, and they clearly show that 
the undertaking was fraught with difficulties on 
•every hand, and imposed on the projectors grave, 
and sometimes most unpleasant, responsibilities, as 
(suits in court were frequent and embittered. But 
the pluck and energy of Mr. Rowe and his asso- 
ciates were equal to the occasion and finally tri- 
umphed, establishing the largest oyster industry in 
New England, and Mr. Rowe now owns and pays 
taxes upon more oyster ground than any other per- 
son or firm in the United States. 

Rowe & Co. in iSgj commenced the use of ex- 
tensive grounds in Narragansett Bay, Rhode Is- 
land, in connection with their vast oyster fields in 
Long Island Sound, and they now control more 
ground in Rhode Island — as well as in Connecti- 
cut — than any other person or firm. Their prin- 
cipal shipping house is located at the east end of 
■Quinnipiac bridge. New Haven, and is arranged 
on an entirely different plan from any other oyster 
house in the United States. The oysters are handled 
"by such methods as to insure their perfect condi- 
tion, and with the least labor practicable. This 
■firm own and use three wharves about seven hun- 
dred feet in extent, and with a depth of water 
sufficient to permit the loading and unloading of 
their steamers at either high or low water. The 
plant is equipped with every facility for storing, 
shucking and packing oysters, and is the most con- 
venient, as well as the most complete, in the coun- 
try. Five thousand bushels can be caught and 
handled per day. 

During the years of progress in this line of in- 
dustry in Long Island Sound much legislation has 
•naturally come up in matters of titles and regula- 
tions, and for twenty-five years no such bills have 
come up and been passed without Mr. Rowe's 
careful consideration. One of the mo?t vigorous 
contests in the Legislature, in which he was en- 
gaged, occurred in 1880. when he secured the pass- 
age of a bill permitting him to dredge on his own 
ground with his own steamer, which was the only 
oyster steamer then owned in New Haven. The 
other oyster planters vigorously opposed its use, 
and through their influence Mr. Rowe was opposed 

by the representatives from Xew Haven and East 
Haven, both in the House and before the Legislative 
committee. Thirteen persons were before the com- 
mittee to oppose the provision, and Mr. Rowe only 
in its favor. After a lively contest the committee 
favored it by a vote of eight to one, the Senate by 
fourteen to four, and the House by a two-thirds 
vote, deciding that Mr. Rowe was right, and that 
the act was just to those who opposed him so bitter- j 
ly. They claimed that steam dredges would not '< 
only destroy his own oyster beds, but those of his 
neighbors, but later they owned and used steam 
dredges themselves. 

Since its formation, in 1881, Mr. Rowe has been 
one of the leading spirits in the Oyster Growers' 
Association, and for five years past has been its 
president. Men who were once his opponents now 
support his views. He has been connected with 
many measures having for their object the advance- 
ment of the oyster culture. He was mainly instru- 
mental in the removal of the place for depositing 
dredged material, in the government work, through 
the orders of the United States engineer officers. 
He also secured the passage of an act, by the Legis- 
lature, for the same purpose. In 1882 Mr. Rowe 
assisted Lieut. Francis Winslow, of the United 
States navy, in carrying on some interesting and 
successful experiments in the artificial propagation 
of oysters. 

In 1887 Mr. Rowe presented to the General As- 
semWy a statement of the conduct of the Shell Fish 
Commission, as it was then constituted, and showed 
where the State could save nine thousand dollars 
per year in the management of this commission. 
The General Assembly acted upon this infonnation 
and by legislation passed upon Mr. Rowe's state- 
ment more than one hundred and twenty-five 
thousand dollars have been saved to the State up 
to the present time. 

Few men managing such extensive interests are 
willing to sacrifice time and energy to public meas- 
ures. Mr. Rowe has not sought public responsi- 
bility, but when it has been placed upon him by 
various organizations, including the New Haven 
Chamber of Commerce, the Connecticut Oyster 
Growers' Association, and other organizations, he 
has performed the duties entrusted to him with 
faithfulness. Among other public movements, he I 
was one of the first to advocate the annexation of a 
part of the town of Eas,t Haven to New Haven, and '\ 
was on the committee to secure the passage of the 
bill providing for annexation. He was active in the , 
preliminary work to secure the building of the 
Quinnipiac 'bridge, and later for the new bridge, to 
replace Tomlinson's. On the petition of H. C. 
Rowe and others the Legislature in 1885 ordered 
the draw in the bridge just referred to widened to 
eighty feet or more, and it is an interesting coin- 
cidence that the General Assembly of 1842, upon 
the petition of his father, Ruel Rowe, ordered the 
draw widened to fifty-four feet, w^hile twenty years 
before that date his grandfather, Levi Rowe, headed 



a movement to have the draw widened, the width 
then being but twenty-six feet. In 1883 Mr. Rowe ; 
procured the passage of a bill by the Legislature to 
protect infant children from ill usage when in the \ 
care of other than their parents. In 1884 and 1885 he | 
was chairman of a committee from the Thirteenth, j 
Fourteenth and Fifteenth wards of New Haven to i 
oppose the schemes of consolidation then before the ' 
Legislature, and in 1886 was a member of a similar 1 
committee from the borough of Fair Haven, East, j 
As a member of the Chamber of Commerce of I 
New Haven, Mr. Rowe has rendered the city valu- \ 
able service. He has worked faithfully for the im- 1 
provement of New Haven harbor. He was secre- j 
tary of the New Haven Harbor committee for one j 
year, and for the past three years, as chairman of j 
the committee, has labored successfully with others 1 
in securing Congressional legislation for harbor im- i 
provement. His duties in these capacities necessi- \ 
tated preparation of a great amount of information | 
and statistics. The legislation secured was a pro- | 
vision for the expenditure of $345,000 for dredging I 
the harbor of New Haven, and exceeded by S105,- i 
000 the total amount that had been previously ex- 
pended for that purpose by the Government during 
the whole history of the city. On March 29, 1899, 
at the fifty-ninth annual meeting of the Chamber of 
Commerce of New Haven, resolutions were unani- 
mously passed thanking Mr. Rowe for his efficient 
services on the Harbor committee. 

In 1901 the Chamber of Commerce requested 
suggestions of legislation to remedy the very unjust 
assessments which then existed in New Haven. 
The need of remedy was urgent, as the assessments 
ranged from one and one-fourth times to three times 
the market value of real estate. There were 3,580 
appeals to the board of relief among the 10,377 ''^^^^ 
estate tax-payers of New Haven. Neither the board 
of relief nor the Superior Court proved of any avail 
in remedying these evils. Under these circum- 
stances the Chamber of Commerce invited all citi- 
zens of New Haven to offer remedies, and a method 
proposed by Mr. Rowe was unanimously approved 
by the committee on Legislation of the Chamber, 
and by the Chamber itself. The leading members 
of the Chamber, with Mr. Rowe, urged the passage 
of what was known as the '"Rowe Bill," and the Ju- 
diciary committee of the General Assembly voted 
to recommend its passage, notwithstanding its very 
unique and original provisions. After having so 
voted, however, four members of the Chamber ap- 
peared before the committee in opposition to the 
measure. The committee then reversed its posi- 
tion, on the ground that the Chamber of Commerce 
was not united, and as the measure was quite with- 
out precedent they hesitated to pass it, although the 
committee had previously shown its approval of the 
. principle involved by voting to recommend the 
measure. Although the Bill did not become a law, 
the able presentation of the case to the public made 
■at that time resulted in a reduction ^of the unjust 
assessments by the amount of twenty million dol- 

lars on the next assessment made after this work 
of the Chamber. 

Mr. Rowe's public services, however, have been 
only in cases where he was asked to assume re- 
sponsibility, and his principal work has been the 
great enterprise of cultivating oysters on a large 
scale in the deep water of Long Island Sound, in 
which work he has come to be a recognized author- 
ity. As such, at the request of the United States 
Government, he read a paper before the Interna- 
tional Fisheries Congress at the World's Fair in 
Chicago, in 1893, and also addressed the members 
of the Legislature of Virginia in January, 1894, by 
invitation of the Fish Commission of Virginia. His 
success in the oyster industry has resulted not only 
from a thorough study of the practical culture of 
oysters, but is also largely due to the fact (for he 
has achieved success in the commercial department 
of the industry as well) recently expressed in a 
pithy way by one of the competitors of the firm, who 
said : "It is of no use to try to get the trade of H. 
C. Rowe & Co., because their customers know that 
they can not only depend on the quality and condi- 
tion of the oysters, but they know that they will 
always get full measure and solid meats." This 
reputation enables the firm to hold its trade, al- 
though often undersold in price, by competitors. 
The unprecedented success of H. C. Rowe & Co. 
emphasizes the old saying that "honesty is the bes^ 
policy." - , • 

known citizen of North Haven, a descendant of an 
old family whose ancestry dates from William 
Thorpe, who sailed from England to America in 
1635, coming with wife and daughter, both of the 
name of Elizabeth, and settling in New Haven in 
1638. His second marriage was to Margaret Pigg. 
The eldest son of William, named Nathaniel, owned 
land at "Blue Hills" which his daughters. Experi- 
ence and Lydia, sold to Enos Tuttle in 1733. The 
wife of Nathaniel was Mary Ford, of Charlestown, 
Mass., and the children of this marriage were : Na- 
; thaniel, Samuel, Mary and Abigail. His second' 
( marriage was to Sarah Robbins, who bore him: Sa- 
j rah, Experience, Lydia, William and Elizabeth. 
I Nathaniel Thorpe, of the above family, grew to- 
i manhood. He and his wife Elizabeth had eight 
! children : Nathaniel, Samuel, Isaac, Hannah, Re- 
I becca, Moses, Aaron and Elizabeth. Isaac Thorpe, 
I son of Nathaniel, married Dinah Ludington in 
1725, and their residence was in North Haven, 
where the records- of the Congregational Church' 
testify to them being devout people. Their children 
were: Isaac, ]Mary, Nathaniel, Nathaniel (2)^ 
Jonathan, Titus, Jacob, Amos and Dinah. 

Jacob Thorpe married Eunice Bishop June 20, 
1768, and was killed by the British forces at East 
Haven, July 6, 1779, leaving children: Asa, Zophar, 
Jacob, Beda and Billa. The widow, Eunice Thorpe,, 
married Jonathan Ralph, and the children of this- 
union were : Tilly, Jonathan and • Eunice. 


l'i.7J I. V^^^■,i-l 

''■i~ ,J 5; ■ U I j^-nu ■ 



Billa Thorpe, the grandfather of our subject, 
in iSoo married Polly Moulthrop, who died in 
1867, her husband dying two years previously. The 
children of this union were : Beda, Eunetia, Jacob, 
William Darius, Beda Roxsina, Dennis, Polly De- 
light, Rachel and Grace. 

Dennis Thorpe, the lather of our subject, resided 
in North Haven, on the Wallingford road, in an old 
brick house which was a noted landmark in the lo- 
cality, having been built in 1759. At the time of his 
death, Nov. 7, 1900, he was the oldest male resident 
in the town. He married, Jan. 3, 1837, Elmina Bas- 
sett, who died Jan. 2, 1901. The children of this 
union were : Our subject, Marthena, Amanda, Ells- 
worth Harrison, and Henry Lewis. 

Sheldon B. Thorpe was born in the old brick 
house, on the upper plains of North Haven, Conn., 
Feb. 21, 1838. Educational privileges in that place 
were most meager, but, by the aid of a few terms in 
the local academy of the town, he had acquired suf- 
ficient knowledge, by the age of sixteen, to engage 
in teaching, and was employed in the public schools 
of Northford, Hamden and North Haven. In that 
day the old-fashioned country "Lyceum,"' with its 
lectures, debates and dramatic entertainments re- 
ceived his support, and he was an occasional con- 
tributor to the newspaper press of that period. 

The demands of the Civil war claimed his at- 
tention, and, with many of his companions, he en- 
listed Aug. 9, 1862, in Company K, 15th Conn. V. L, 
and saw hard service along the xA.tlantic seaboard. 
In 1865 he entered the employ of the N. Y., N. H. 
& Hartford R. R. Co., as assistant station agent, 
at Windsor Locks, Conn., where he remained several 
years, and was then engaged by the Adams Express 
Co., as a messenger between New York and Spring- 
field. Mr. Thorpe served this company for four 
years, a portion of the time being in charge of the 
Merchants' Lmion Express Co., in New Haven. 
In 1871 he resigned this branch of the business and 
connected himself with the commission house of 
H. E. Smith & Co., in which line, in one capacity 
and another, he remained until he entered the em- 
ploy of The Stiles Brick Co., of North Haven, 
where he is at present engaged. 

Mr. Thorpe was married Dec. 25, 1865, to 
Isabel Jane Barnes, a daughter of Daniel and Jane 
(Barnes) Barnes, and two sons have been born to 
them : Gardiner E., agent of the Bradstreet Co., at 
Boston ; and Arthur B., connected with the New 
England Engineering Co., with residence in Hart- 
ford, Conn. In 1858 ^Ir. Thorpe became a member 
of the Congregational Church, later ser^-ed as sup- 
erintendent of the Sunday-school .some years, was 
also treasurer and clerk of the church for a time, 
and has been clerk of the First Ecclesiastical So- 
ciety for twenty-five years. In politics he has al- 
ways been a Republican, and represented the town 
in the Legislature in 188 1. For many years he was 
a member of the board of education, acting as school 
visitor a portion of the time. 

The Bradley. Library Association (of which our 

subject is a charter member and ex-president), the 
Veteran Soldiers' Association, the Pierpont Park 
commission, and other public projects, have always 
received from him warm support. Through his 
great-grandfather, Sergt. Jacob Thorpe, killed at 
East Haven, Conn., in 1779, in the war of the Revo- 
lution, he became a charter member of the Con- 
necticut Society of the Sons of the Revolution, and 
was a member of its first board of managers ; he 
also belongs to Trumbull Lodge, No. 22, F. & A. 
M., and to Admiral Foote Post, No. 17, G. A. R. 
Perhaps Mr. Th(5rpe will best be remembered in 
his native State by his History of North Haven,. 
issued in 1892, and his History of the 15th Conn. 
Vols., issued in 1893, both of these valuable works 
displaying a wonderful amount of research and. 
making a complete and reliable history of the sub- 
jects named. In 1901 he was the compiler of the 
memorial volume issued by the '■20th Century Com- 
mittee." Mr. Thorpe has in his possession the early 
genealogies of the early settlers of the town, and 
has made extended studies in large manuscript vol- 
umes of the Thorpe, Bassett and Barnes families ; 
his collection of old documents, autographs, photo- 
graphs, cemetery inscriptions, church history papers, 
and the thousand and one things picked up, proba- 
bly constitute him the best authority on local his- 
tory in the town. This laborious and painstaking 
work is done in his leisure time, its accuracy mak- 
ing it very valuable to others in substantiating old 
claims, and in sometimes proving that some families 
are not like those of whom De Foe speaks, when he 
says they are like unto potatoes, the best being un- 

HARMON HUMISTON, one of the venerable 
citizens of Hamden, New Haven county, was born 
in that town Jan. 15, 1818, on the old homestead 
which adjoins his' farm on the south. The Humis- 
ton family is one of the old ones of that town, and 
one that is soon to become extinct, as our subject, 
his brother Elihu and his maiden sister, Maria S., 
are its last surviving representatives. Harmon 
Humiston is a son of Justus and Elizabeth (Har- 
mon) Humiston, who are mentioned elsewhere 
under the sketch of Elihu Humiston, of Hamden. 
He was reared a farmer's boy, and attended the 
country schools, among his teachers being Joel 
Cooper and Allen Tuttle. He also attended a 
private school that was conducted in the basement 
of the Whitneyville Congregational Church. His 
home was made with his parents practically un- 
til he was married, which event occurred in Ham- 
den on Jan. i, 1844, w^hen Miss Maria L. Dick- 
erman became his bride. The ceremony was 
performed by Rev. Dr. Taylor, of Yale College. 
Mrs. Humiston came from one of the old and 
numerous families of Hamden. She was borri 
Nov. 8, 1819, at Hamden, the daughter of Eli 
and Sophia (Bassett) Dickerman, the former 
originally from Westville, and employed for many- 
years in the gun factory at Whitneyville, while the 



latter, Sophia (Bassett) Dickerman, was a native 
of Hamden. Mrs. Humiston taught school, begin- 
ning at the early age of sixteen years, teaching first 
a private school in the basement of Whitneyville 
Congregational Church ; she later taught district 
schools in North Haven and Hamden, being so em- 
ployed in all about twelve years. 

After their marriage Mr. and Airs. Humiston 
went to housekeeping on their present farm, where 
he built the house in which they have since lived. 
Farming has been his lifelong business, except 
that when a young man he at one time worked in an 
auger shop in Hamden. He has amassed a com- 
fortable competence. In church matters he and 
his wife have taken an active part, and he served as 
deacon for years in Whitneyville Congregational 
Church, and for almost sixty-four years taught a 
class in Sabbath school, only giving up that work 
when his hearing became defective. In 1867 he 
was made a life member of the American Board of 
Foreign Missions. Mrs. Humiston began teach- 
ing a class in Sabbath-school when she was little 
more than sixteen years old, and continued until 
about 1900 (about sixty-five years). Mr. and Mrs. 
Humiston have always been great workers in the 
church, and they took active part in the choir, 
the former singing bass and the latter alto for many 
years. Their example has ever been a worth\- one, 
and their influence ever the best. While they have 
no children of their own, their home has sheltered 
several young people. Col. H. A. Tyler, of Hart- 
ford, Conn., lived for several years with them, until 
his enlistment as a young man in the Civil war. 
Mr. Humiston and his wife have lived together 
over fifty-eight years, and in their quiet lives, full 
of happiness and good works, have shown a per- 
fect picture of calm content. In politics Mr. Humis- 
ton is a Republican, but has never aspired for honors 
in politics. No more highly respected old people 
reside in the town. 

REV. CHARLES PAGE. To the early Colon- 
ial families are due the credit and praise for the evi- 
dences of thrift and prosperity to be seen on every 
hand. Their industry, frugality and undaunted zeal 
changed this once wooded and desolate coast to a 
land of abundance, dotted with prosperous homes. 
public schools and churches. The wonderful trans- 
formation was accomplished by the class of our early 
settlers brought up to the idea that labor and re- 
ligion should go hand in hand. Our Colonial fam- 
ilies instilled these views into the minds of their 
children, and to-day the good results of their 
efforts are most apparent. To no family in New 
Haven county can we point as better examples of 
this desirable colonizing class than the Pages, com- 
bining as they do willingness to carve out success 
for themselves with true religious principles. 

From the Probate Records (Vol. II) we learn 

"that George Page, a Christian gentleman, emigrated 

from England and came to America, soon taking up 

his permanent location at Branford, Conn. . In 1667 

he, with a number of others, signed an agreement to 
build a Congregational church, and two years later 
the building was completed. His marriage to Sarah 
Linsley, daughter of John Linsley, took place soon 
after they crossed the ocean, and the many good 
qualities of heart and mind that she possessed, 
coupled with those of her husband, have been 
handed down through generations, making their 
descendants desirable citizens, good neighbors and 
true friends. Mrs. Page died in 1695, when still in 
the prime of life. In another of the records we 
find that George Page made his will in 1689, and 
that it was probated the same year, thus giving posi- 
tive assurance that his death occurred in that year. 
His children were Sarah, born in 1666; Samuel, 
1670; George, 1672; Jonathan, 1675; Hannah, 1677; 
Nathaniel, 1679; Daniel, 1683; and John, 1684. 

Daniel Page, son of George, was but six years 
old when his father died, and like many was thrown 
upon his own resources at an early age. When a 
young man he located in North Branford, where he 
purchased land and engaged in farming. He be- 
came one of the representative citizens of the town, 
was a deacon of the Congregational Church, served 
as selectman about 1727, and also as one of the 
grand jurors. He was married Feb. 3, 1710, to 
Hannah Johnson, and died April 17, 1766. Their 
children were Prudence, born in 171 1; Hannah, 
1713; Daniel, 1715 (died in 1716) ; Abraham, 1717; 
Mary, 1719; Daniel (2), 1724; Martha, 1727; Eph- 
raim, 1730 ; and Sarah, 1732. 

Daniel Page, Jr., son of Daniel, was born in 
North Branford, and remained there until 1776, 
when he moved to Bare Plain, in the southwestern 
part of the town. There he died July 4, 1779. just 
three vears after the signing of the Declaration of 
Independence, and while the war for freedom was 
still raging. He served as constable from 1755 to 
1759; selectman from 1763 to 1777; and represented 
his town in the Legislature for eight terms. On 
Feb. 13, 1749, he married Dinah Baldwin, daugh- 
ter of Israel Baldwin, and to them came the follow- 
ing named children: Esther, born in 1749 (died 
in 1751) ; Dinah, 1752; Esther, 1754; Daniel, 1757; 
Mary, 1759; Lois, 1763; Tryphena, 1766; and Ben- 
jamin, 1769. 

Benjamin Page, son of Daniel, Jr., was born Oct. 
18, 1769, and died Nov. 29, 1851. He was twice 
married. On May 16. 1798, he wedded Lois Ford, 
who died June 25, 1810. and for his second wife he 
married Mary Hurd, who died Aug. 15, 1852. By 
the first union there were six children, whose names 
and dates of birth were as follows: Esther, July i, 
1799; Daniel. Feb. 24. 1801 ; Lois. Nov. 24. 1802; 
Phcebe A., Nov. 25, 1804; Benjamin, Aug. 11, 1806; 
and Selina, July 30, 1808. The children by the sec- 
ond marriage were Mary, bom in 1815; Judson, 
born in 1816; Daniel and others who died in in- 
fancy; and Darwin, born in 1822. The father of 
this numerous family was a man of considerable 
prominence in his day and neighborhood. He had 
received some advantages in the way of education. 

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and by reading- and observation he added greatly to 
his fund of useful information. His merits were 
evidently appreciated by his neighbors and friends, 
as he was called upon to serve as justice of the peace 
for forty years, as a member of the Legislature two 
terms ; and as town clerk one year. He was an ac- 
tive worker as well as member of the Congregational 
Church, and like his ancestors was a Democrat in 
political views. 

Benjamin Page, Jr., son of Benjamin, and father 
of our subject, was married in Meriden, Conn., Oct. 
20, 1836, to Sarah E. Merriam, who was born Feb. 
S, 1816, and died May 12, 1887; he died July 16, 
1876. He was an earnest and consistent member 
■of the Congregational Church, and Tvlrs. Page 
united with the Episcopal Church. 'Mr. Page was a 
strong Democrat in politics. He was prominently 
identified with public affairs, filled various local 
offices, and served as town clerk and justice of the 
peace for twenty-three years each. In his family 
were five children : John M., born Feb. 14, 1838, is 
engaged in the hardware business in Naugatuck, 
and has served as a member of the General Assem- 
bly; Charles, our subject, is next in order of birth; 
Benjamin, bom Sept. 4, 1840, is in the insurance 
and real estate business in Meriden, and has served 
two terms as mayor of the city ; Martha E., born 
Feb. 25, 1845, is the wife of T. A. Smith, of Xorth- 
iord ; and Robert, born July 5, 1846, is a farmer of 
iNorth Branford. 

Charles Page was born ]May 21, 1839, in North 
Branford, where he grew to manhood, and his pri- 
mary education was obtained in the district school 
of the neighborhood. Later he attended the Meri- 
den high school and the Guilford Institute ; spent 
one winter at the State Normal School ; and for 
three years was a student at Yale Divinity School, 
New Haven. Previous to entering the Divinity 
School he engaged in school teaching five years in 
his native town,, one each in Branford and VV'alling- 
iord, and two in New Haven. He has always owned 
farm property in North Branford, but has devoted 
his time to other pursuits, and has only superin- 
tended the operation of his land. 

In Guilford, April 22, 1863, Air. Page married 
Miss Elbertine A. Dudley, a daughter of Luther F. 
and Eliza (Buck) Dudley. The father was a tanner 
hy trade, but followed farming in later life. He 
was born in North Guilford ?ilarch 7, 1814, and 
died Alay 22, 1876, while his wife, born Feb. 22, 
"1816, died ]\Iay 24. 1897. Mrs. Page was born 
June II, 1841, and is the second in order of birth 
in a family of four children: Lois R., born Oct. 
27, 1839, is the w^ife of George Ford, of North 
Branford; Mary A., born ^lay 17. 1843, is the wife 
of W. P. Niles, of New Haven ; and Fannie E., born 
April 9, 1855, married A. L. Rice, of New Haven, 
and died Aug. 12. 1898. :Mr. and 'Sirs. Page have 
three children: Charles A., born Feb. 12. 1865, be- 
gan railroad work in 1884, and since 1890 has been 
a conductor on the New York, New Haven & Hart- 

ford Railroad; Edson C, born May 21, 1868, mar- 
ried Sylvia L. Gates, and now superintends thcj 
operation of his fatho^r's grist and saw mill in Northi 
Branford (they have one child. Genevieve Ge-i 
nevra, born March 3, 1900) ; and May C, bomj 
Aug. I, 1870, is the wife of John R. INIerrick, post-! 
master of Totoket, North Branford, and has four 
children — Elbertine A., born Dec. 12, 1893; Velmai 
A., Jan. 12, 1896; Jonathan Lucius, Alarch 11, 1899; 
and a daughter, Jan. i, 1902. 
I The Republican party finds in IVIr. Page a stanch 
I supporter of its principles, and his fellow citizens 
I recognizing his worth and ability have often called 
i him to public office. He has served as town clerk 
j for the past thirty years ; town treasurer for the 
i same time; justice of the peace for a number of 
I years; and representative in 1874 and 1901. On 
Sept. 30, 1885 he was licensed to preach as a minis- 
ter of the Congregational Church, was ordained Feb. 
13, 1894, and is now pastor of the church at Foxon. 
His life has been manly, his actions sincere, his 
manners unaffected, and his example is well worthy 
of emulation. 

HENRY WARREN, president of the Butler & 
Lyman Land Co., and a director of the Bridgeport 
Wood Finishing Co., is one of the most respected 
citizens of Meriden. 

Mr. Warren was born Sept. 17, 1837, in Water- 
town, Litchfield Co., Conn., a son of Alanson and 
Sarah i\I. (Hickox) Warren, and is a descendant 
of one of the oldest families in England, as well as 
America. We give the complete genealogy from the 
Earl of Normandy and the daughter of William 
i the Conqueror : ( i ) William de Warenne, Earl 
I of Normandy, who died in 1088, married Gundred, 
I youngest daughter of William the Conqueror. (2) 
! William de Warren, second Earl of Warren and 
! Surry — Isabel. (3) Reginal Warren — Adelia de| 
I Alowbray. (4) William Warren — Isabel de Hay- 1 
i den. (5) Sir John Warren — Alice de Townsend. i 
j (6) John Warren — Joan de Post. (7) Sir Ed- 1 
I v,-ard Warren — Maude de Skeyton, 1327. (8) Sir 
I Edward Warren — Cicely de Eaton. (9) Sir John 
I Warren — Agnes de Wynnington. (10) Sir Law- 
i rence Warren (born 1394) — Margery Bulkley. 
I (11) John Warren (born 1414) — Isabel Stanley. 
I (12) Sir Lawrence Warren — Isabel Leigh. (13) 

i \Villiam Warren — Anne . ( 14) John War- 

I ren (died 1523) — Elizabeth. (15) John Warren 

I . ( 16) Christopher Warren . (17) 

i William Warren — Anne Marble. ( 18) Christo- 
j pher Warren — Alice Webb. 

; (19) Richard Warren — Elizabeth Janette ]\Iarsh, 

i came from Greenwich. England, on the "May- 
tiower." to Plymouth, Mass.. in 1620. Richard died 
' at Plvmouth in 1628. and his widow died in 1673. 
j Children : Nathaniel, Mary. Joseph, Anne, Sarah, 
■ Elizabeth and Abigail. (20) Nathaniel Warren — 
; Sarah Walker, married November. 1645 ; Nathaniel 
i died in 1667, his widow in 1700. Children: Rich- 

> ! ' ■ .1 



ard, Jabez, Sarah, Hope, Jane, Elizabeth, Alice, 
Mercy, Alary, Nathaniel, John and James. (21 j 

Richard Warren ; Richard died in Middle- 

boro, Mass., 1697. Children : John, Samuel and 
James. (22) John Warren — (i) Xaomi Read, (2) 
Anne Read; John died in Middleboro, Mass., 1768. 
Children: James, Xathaniel, Xehemiah, John, Xa- 
omi and Anne. (23) James Warren and Abigail 
Thomas, of Woodbridge, Conn., were married in 
July, 1744. They lived in Xew Haven and Wood- 
bridge, Conn. Abigail died in Watertown, Conn., 
Sept. 13, 1800. Children: Jason, born Feb. 20, 1745; 
Sarah, born Feb. i, 1746, married a Air. Tuttle, 
Catskill, X'. Y. ; Rachel, born July 4, 1749, married 
John Russell; Abigail, born June 3, 1752, married 
James Pritchard ; Xathaniel. born Jan. 15, 1755, 
married Susannah Johnson and Alary Wedge ; Je- 
mima, born Oct. 15, 1758. married a Air. Hosford, 
Putney, \i.\ Edward, born Sept. 18, 1761, married 
Mary Steele; Richardson. (24) Edward Warren — 
Mary Steele. Edward Warren, born Sept. 18, 1761, 
served in the Revolutionary war, was drowned in 
Naugatuck river Dec. 10, 1814. Alary Steele died 
in Watertown, Feb. 26, 1S49, aged eighty-five years. 
Children: Isaac; Alary, who died Alarch 20, 1863, 
aged seventy-eight, married Parmelee Richards, 
who died Dec. 6, i860, aged eighty years; Lewis 
married Susan Judd ; Lyman, who died Alarch 4, 
i860, aged seventy, married Abigail J. Allen, who 
died Sept. 17, 1885, aged eighty-six years, nine 
months; Sheldon, who died Xov. 21, 1825, aged 
thirty-two, married Clarenda Welton, who died Oct. 
17, 182 1, aged twenty-four, and (second) Ann 
Mead, who died X'ov. 13, 1883, aged eighty-eight 
years; Alanson, born Alay 10. 1796, died Oct. 20, 
1858, aged sixty-two years ; Truman, who never 
married, died Jan. 10, 1822, aged twenty-two, and 
was buried in Darien, Georgia. 

Alanson Warren, father of Henry, was reared 
to manhood in his native town, where he became en- 
gaged in the manufacturing business. He was a 
man of progress and enterprise, and was foremost 
in everything for the benefit of his town and its 
people. He was one of the first members of what 
is now the Wheeler & Wilson Sewing Alachine Co., 
in 1848 becoming a partner of Xathaniel Wheeler 
and George P. Woodruff, under the firm name of 
Warren, Wheeler & Woodruff. They engaged in 
the manufacture of metallic articles, and Air. 
Wheeler was the manager of the business. Early 
in the year 1850 Air. Warren formed a partnership 
with Messrs. Wheeler, Wilson & Woodruff, under 
the style of the Wheeler & Wilson Co., as manu- 
facturers of sewing machines. He died Oct. 20, 
1858, and was buried in Watertown. He was a 
Whig and Republican in political faith. Air. War- 
ren married Sarah Al. Hickox, who died April 20, 
1866, aged sixty-seven years. They had eight chil- 
dren, viz. : Belinda, who married George P. Wood- 
ruff, and, for her second husband. Owen B. King; 
Truman A. ; David Hard, who married Louisa Bron- 

son ; Sarah, who married Tracy J. Bronson ; Charles 
A. ; Henry ; Alary, who died unmarried ; and Alan- 

Henry Warren grew to manhood in Watertown. 
and like his father became interested iii manufac- 
turing and similar enterprises. He is president of 
the Butler & Lyman Land Co., of Aleriden, and a 
director of the Bridgeport Wood Finishing Co., and 
is also interested in other concerns in Xew Haven 
and Aleriden. Personally Air. Warren is a man 
of domestic tastes and genial disposition, well-read, 
and endowed with more than ordinary intelligence. 
Politically he is a Republican. He worships at St. 
Andrews Episcopal Church, of which his wife and 
daughter are members. On Alay 5, 1868, in Aleri- 
den, Air. Warren married Josephine Griswold Ly- 
man, daughter of Hon. William Worcester Lyman, 
and one child, Etta Lyman, blessed this happv 
union. She began her education in Aleriden and 
graduated at Airs. Sylvanus Reed's school, Xew 
York. Like her mother, she has artistic tastes, and 
is a quite skillful performer on the violin, mandolin 
and piano. She is also a vocalist. Aliss Warren re- 
ceived instruction on the violin under Alichael 
Banner, of Xew York, and Prof. Alilche, of Wall- 
ingford. She is a young lady of refinement and cul- 
ture, much devoted to her parents and they to her^ 
and their home is one of the happiest in Aleriden. 
Airs. Warren attended school in Aleriden, also at 
Airs. Edwards' school in Xew Haven, and received 
thorough instruction in both vocal and instrumental 
music under the following masters : Prof. Rivarde. 
Tamaro, Ritzo, Bristol, and Aladame Torry, of 
Xew York. She possesses a beautiful voice, and 
has been a member of St. Andrews choir. She is a 
lady of character and culture, and presides over 
her beautiful home with ease and grace, dispensing- 
a charming hospitality to the many who enjoy the 
friendship of the family. 

Ashbel Griswold, the foster father and uncle by 
marriage of the late Airs. Lyman, mother of 
Airs. Henry Warren, was one of Aleriden's grand 
old men. He was born April 4, 1784, at Rocky Hill. 
Hartford Co., Conn., where he grew to manhood. 
He learned the blacksmith's trade there with Capt. 
Danforth, and at the age of twenty-four came to 
Aleriden, and soon after started in business at 
Tracy, engaging in the manufacture of tea pots- 
and similar articles, from block tin. He contin- 
ued this until 1842, when he retired. He built a 
home on what is now Britannia street, near the 
home of Airs. William Lyman, about 18 10. He 
was a member and warden of the Episcopal Church. 
Air. Griswold represented his town in the State Leg- 
islature in 1 83 1 and 1847, and was justice of the 
peace for several years. For a number of years he 
was president of the Aleriden Bank, and he was 
known universally as an honest, upright man in all 
dealings. He died Alay 30, 1853, and is buried in 
Aleriden. Air. Griswold married Lucy Frary, 
daughter of James Frary, and after her death 

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wedded Ann (Hall), widow of Andrew Lyman and 
mother of William Worcester Lyman, father of 
Mrs. Warren. I 

a leadinjT physician of Xew Haven, for forty years ! 
lias been actively ensajaged in the practice of his pro- j 
fession in that city, and has risen to eminence in ■ 
his chosen work. The good opinion of his fellow 1 
citizens is his to a marked degree, and he is a typi- | 
cal representative of one of the sturdy families of \ 
old New England, whose coming to this contuicnt [ 
was but a little after the landing of the Pilgrim 1 

Dr. Skiff was born Oct. 4, 1828, at the old fam- j 
ily homestead in the town of Kent. Litchfield county, j 
now his own property. This home antedates by i 
at least a decade the breaking out of the war of the 1 
Revolution, and it has sheltered several generations ! 
of this name through a period of 134 years. Dr. | 
Skiff is a son of Luther and Hannah (Comstock) 
Skiff, a descendant in the seventh generation from 1 
James Skiff' (who is the ancestor of all the Skiffs | 
in America), of Plymouth, 2^Iass.. where he is on I 
record as early as 1636, and later at Lynn, and then 
at Sandwich, which was founded by settlers from I 
Lynn in 1637, including himself. For thirteen i 
years, counting from 1645, James Skiff' represented | 
this town in the Colonial Legislature ; and his son \ 
Stephen, beginning with 1676, also performed the | 
same function for many years. The Doctor's line of \ 
descent is through Xathan. Stephen, Xathan {2), 
Nathan (3), and Luther Skiff'. 

Nathan Skiff, the son of James, was born in 
1645, was married to two wives, Mary Chipman. 
daughter of John Chipman, of Barnstable, and 
Ruth (surname not known). 

Stephen Skiff, son of Nathan, married Elizabeth 
Hatch, and in 1720 settled in what is now Tolland, 

Nathan Skiff (2), son of Stephen, born in 1718, 
was married in 1741 to Thankful Eaton. They set- 
tled in the town of Kent. Litchfield county, where 
they occupied for a time the log cabin, which gave 
way in 1766 to the frame house noted above. 

Nathan Skiff (3), son of Nathan (2), was born 
in 175 1, and was married to Abigail Fuller, and 
nine children were born of this union. Nathan 
Skiff (3) served in the Revolutionary army under 
Capt. Abraham Fuller. He responded to the call 
for the defense of New York in 1776. and helped 
defend Dan'bury, which was raided by Gen. Tryon 
in 1777. His wife, Abigail Fuller, was a daughter 
of Zechariah and Abigail ( Hubbell ) Fuller, the 
former a son of Joseph and Lydia (Day) Fuller. 
Joseph Fuller was one of the original grantees and 
incorporators of the township of Kent, to which 
he came from East Haddam in 1738: he was a son 
of John and Mehitable (Rowley) Fuller, and a 
grandson of Sanuiel Fuller and Jane, a daughter 
of the Rev. John Lathrop, of Scituate. The last 

named couple were married, by Capt. Miles Stand- 
ish. Samuel Fuller, with his father, Edward, and 
his uncle. Dr. Samuel Fuller, were among the Pil- 
grim fathers, who crossed in the '"Alayflower." 

Luther Skiff', son of Nathan (3), and the father 
of Dr. Skiff, was born Oct. 4, 1793, and he died Feb. 
II, 1856. On April 8, 1818, he was married to 
Hannah Comstock, and they had eleven chil- 
dren: Elijah, Mary Ann, Edward. Peter, Paul C, 
Helen, Hannah J., Giles, Samuel A., Margaret and 

Mrs. Hannah (Comstock) Skiff was the daugh- 
ter of Peter and Hannah ( Piatt) Comstock. and a 
granddaughter of Eliphalet and Sarah (Pratt) 
Comstock. Eliphalet Comstock was a son of Daniel, 
Jr., and grandson of Daniel Comstock, Sr., who 
were both among the incorporators of Kent. Dan- 
iel Comstock, Sr., was the son of Christopher Com- 
stock, who came to Fairfield from England in 1661. 

Airs. Hannah (Piatt) Comstock was a daughter 
of Judge Zephaniah Piatt and Hannah Davis, of 
Plattsborough, N. Y. Judge Zephaniah Piatt was 
the son of Captain Zephaniah Piatt, who was a son 
of Jonas and Hannah (Saxton) Piatt, of Hunting- 
ton, L. L, the former a son of Capt. Ephenetus 
Piatt and his wife, Phoebe Wood. Capt. Ephenetus 
Piatt was a son of Richard Piatt, the emigrant, who 
came to New Haven in 1638, and settled in Milford. 
Thus it will be seen that of the early settlers and 
old families in Kent, Dr. Skiff's ancestors include 
branches of the Comstock and Fuller line, also the 
Hubbell, Piatt and Pratt families. 

Dr. Skiff was reared on the old homestead in 
Kent after the usual manner of the times. He at- 
tended the neighboring schools and the Kent Acad- 
emy until fifteen years of age, when an opportunity 
for better educational privileges was presented by 
an aunt (Mrs. Roderick Bissell), who lived on the 
Western Reserve in Ohio. For four and a half 
years Dr. Skiff lived with her at Austinburg, Ohio, 
and attended the Grand River Institute. For two 
years of that time he had as a roommate John 
Brown, Jr., of Harper's Ferry fame. Dr. Skiff' had 
intended to enter Hudson College on the W'estern 
Reserve, but owing to the illness of an older brother, 
he was needed at home to take charge of the farm. 
F"or a time he worked there and was able to teach 
school during the winter season. Deciding upon 
the study of medicine he, in 1850, entered Yale 
Medical School, from which he was gradu- 
ated in 1853. Subsequently he passed two years 
in the Jefferson Medical College in Phila- 
delphia, and following this, the young doctor 
located in New Haven, which has continued 
to be the scene of his professional laliors 
to the present time. The year he settled here it was 
his privilege to meet and renew his acquaintance 
with young Drown, who was temporarily a resi- 
dent of the city, in company with his father; they 
were then planning that enterprise which resulted 
so disastrously at Harper's Ferry. 

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Dr. Skiff was educated in the tenets of the old 
school of niedicint. but after a thorout^h comparison 
of the two schools, he deliberately selcctcil Home- 
opathy as his life work. At Philadelphia he was 
under the instruction of such men as Mutter, Pan- 
coast, Meigs and Dunglison. Dr. Skiff was one of 
the earliest homeopathic physicians in New Haven, 
preceded only by a cousin, Dr. Charles H. Skiff. 
His experiences through forty years of constant 
and busy practice have been many and varied. 
One who knows whereof he writes, says of Dr. 
Skiff: "He combines skill in the healing art with 
prompt judgment, admiral>le foresight, inexhausti- 
ble good temper, and an independent attitude 
towards all schools of practice. Few possess in 
such an eminent degree the personal magnetism, 
which immediately attracts and retains the confi- 
dence of the invalid, that gentleness and prompt- 
ness which lingers so gracefully in the memory of 
the patient ; and, more than all else that charitv, 
which the doctor is called upon above all men to 
so frequently exercise towards his fellows in the 
humble walks of life. All bear testimony, who 
know him, that Dr. Skiff possesses all these quali- 
ties and many others which are important factors in 
the success of the true physician." 

Dr. Skiff' was one of the founders of the State 
Homeopathic Society. He was an incorporator of 
Grace Hospital, of which he is now a director and 
the consulting physician ; this is one of the most 
successful hospitals in Xew England. Dr. Skiff' 
has been a frequent contributor to various medical 
journals, and he has taken an active interest in the 
Humane Society, and other worthy enterprises. 

On June 20, 1874, Dr. Skiff' was married to 
Emma !NIcGregor Ely, of Brooklyn, X. Y., who is 
a descendant of a prominent Xew England family. 
She is the great-granddaughter of the Rev. David 
Ely, D. D., of Lyme. Conn., and a descendant of 
Richard Ely, who was an early settler in America. 
She is also the granddaughter of the Rev. Thomas 
Runderson, one of the seven pillars of the First 
Church of Christ in Xew Haven, and its deacon 
from 1689 to 1730. This marriage was blessed with 
the birth of one daughter, Pauline, born in ]\Iav, 

of the best known and highly respected citizens of 
New Haven, comes from a family distinguished for 
probity and learning. Dr. Smith was born in White 
Plains, X'. Y., Oct. 15, 1826. a son of Rev. John 
Mott and Amanda (Day) Smith. 

The paternal grandfather. Joseph Smith, was 
born in Brooklyn, X. Y.. Feb. 11. 1765. By trade 
this estimalile gentleman was a cork cutter, and was 
very successful in his work. Taking a great inter- 
est in the Methodist Church, of which he was a 
lifelong member, he l:)ecame class leader and local 
preacher, and was always a faithful worker in re- 
ligious undertakings. By his first marriage, which 

was with Miss Honeywell, he had eight children, as 
follows: Elizabeth, who married J. D. flyers; John 
Mott ; Peter, who married Catherine Fisher ; Will- 
iam, who married Eliza Saunders ; Joseph B., who 
married Ann Steele ; Deborah, who married Amos 
Smith ; and two who died in infancy. For his sec- 
ond wife he married ^Irs. Mary Poillion, who, by 
her first marriage, was the mother of six children : 
Cornelius, George. Ann E., Ellen, Carnes and Ade- 
line. In the John St. Methodist Church. Xew 
York, the first one built in America, with which he 
was directly connected, the memory of this good 
man is cherished as a type of upright manhood and 
true Christian living. 

Rev. John Mott Smith, the father of Dr. Smith, 
was born in Brooklyn, X. Y., Oct. 10, 1795, and 
died Dec. 2y, 1832, in Middletown, Conn. For two 
vears he was one of the professors in the Wesleyan 
University, and in 1816 was graduated at Colum- 
bia College with the degree of A. B., afterward re- 
ceiving that of M. A. The following year, 1817, 
he took up the study of medicine, and later joined 
the X'ew York Conference, being assigned to the 
Jamaica Circuit. In 1818 Rev. Smith was assigned 
to the Suffolk Circuit: in 1819-20 the Stanford Cir- 
cuit; in 1820-31 was principal of the Wesleyan 
Seminary, situated in Xew York City until 1826, . 
when it was transferred to White Plains, N. Y. ; 
from 1 83 1 to 1832, he was professor of Latin, 
Greek and literature at the Wesleyan LTniversity at 
r^Iiddletown, Conn. : and also acting professor of 
Natural Science. While in full possession of his 
faculties and remarkable powers, he passed awav in 
this city one of the greatest educators of his time. 

On X^ov. 19, 1820, Rev. Smith was married to 
IMiss Amanda Dav, of Xorwalk, Conn., a daughter 
of Absalom and Bets<_y Day, and to this marriage 
were born: William F., born Xov. 19, 1821 ; John 
M.. Jr., born Xov. 13, 1824; Augustus B., our sub- 
ject: Amanda Day, born July 21, 1829: Eliza ^lead, 
born July i, 1832. Of these children, Eliza Mead 
died Aug. 29, 1832: John Mott, Jr., Aug. 10, 1895: 
and Wm. F., who was a clergyman of the INIethodist 
Church, and member of the Xew York East Con- 
ference, located 1882, died Oct. 29, 1883: and 
Amanda D. married H. W. Monson, of Middlebury, 
Conn. At the time of his death John ^Mott Jr. was 
a large property owner in the Sandwich Islands, 
possessing several fine plantations.. Amanda, the 
wife of John Mott, afterward the wife of Charles 
Peck, of steamboat fame, died Oct. 5, 1853. 

Dr. Augustus B. Smith enjoyed unusual advan- 
tages in his youth for acquiring knowledge, his 
parents recognizing the importance of giving to 
their children, a good education. After si.x years 
residence at White Plains. X. Y., with his parents 
he removed to Middletown. where he remained two 
years, and then went to live with his grandfather at 
South Xorwalk, Conn., remaining six years, dur- 
ing which time he attended public and high schools, 
and then entered the Daniel H. Chase preparatorv 
school, iVIiddletown. After two years in that well- 

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known institution he went to Troy, N. Y. At this 
latter citv, the young man, being ambitious, earned 
]iis own living, and in 1845, came to New Haven and 
began business for himself as an instrument maker. 
During all this time, his natural inclinations seemed 
to be in the direction of dentistry, and after seven 
vears of faithful study with Dr. Samuel Mallett, 
Dr. Smith began the practice of his profession Feb. 
17, i860, and built up a very successful practice, 
•continuing it until 1901, when he retired. 

On April 12, 1849, Dr. Smith married Emily 
Bartlett, a native of Bridgeport, Conn., born Sept. 
19, 1831, and died Jan. 11, 1890, a daughter of Rev. 
Horace Bartlett, a Methodist minister. To this 
marriage two children were born: Henrietta J., 
who married Rev. J. O. Monson ; Heman Bangs, 
who married Lilly Carrington Xorton, Oct. 28, 1880, 
and died July 15, 1891. On ]\Iarch 24, 1897, Dr. 
Smith married Esther Emeline Braman, born in 
Pleasantville, N. Y., a daughter of Henry Romer, 
a native of Westchester county, N. Y. Henry 
Romer married Levinia Banks, also of Westchester. 
The father of Henry Romer, Jacob Romer, traced 
liis ancestry back to the same common ancestors as 
the Romers of Kingston, X. Y. (who came from 
Switzerland), one of whom Jacob Romer, was of the 
party that captured Major Andre. Dr. Smith has 
now in his possession the \'an Courtland table that 
Gen. Washington dined on, on several occasions, 
above the town where Major Andre was arrested. 

In politics, Dr. Smith was originally a Whig, 
and is now a Republican ; socially he is connected 
with the I. O. O. F., Quinnipiac Lodge of New 
Haven, and following in the footsteps of his honored 
father and grandfather, is a consistent member of 
the Trinity Methodist Church. During the many 
years Dr. Smith has made his home in Xew Haven, 
lie has proven himself a man of whom the com- 
munity may well be proud, and both he and his 
■charming wife number many friends among those 
with whom they are associated. 

president of the New Haven Gas Light Co., and 
of The De Forest & Hotchkiss Co., lumber dealers 
•on Water street, X'ew Haven, was one of those up- 
right citizens, whom all good men delight to honor. 
He passed away at his home, X''o. 351 Orange street, 
Nov. 29, 1900, in the eighty-fourth year of his age. 
He was born in Watertown, Conn., Jan. 24, 181 7, 
son of John Hancock and Dotha (Woodward) De 

John Hancock De Forest was born in Hunting- 
ton, Conn., April 10, 177G, and was a prominent and 
successful shipping merchant in Watertown. He 
■owned no vessels himself but hired them to ship 
the pork, beef and grain of the neighboring far- 
mers to Xew York by way of Derby, the Housa- 
tonic River and Long Island Sound. There were 
ventures across the ocean in which he was the super- 
cargo, and various Xew England productions were 

carried to the West Indias, France, Spain, Portugal 
and Morocco. In 1818, yielding to the advice of his 
brother, David Curtis De Forest, he settled in Xew 
York as a broker and commission merchant. His 
sales and shipments of merchandise to the West 
Indies, to South America and to Europe were many 
and larg-e. At that time a disastrous business de- 
pression affected Europe and all of the civilized 
regions of the American continent. In 182 1, weary 
with struggling against the persistent panic, he gave 
up his New York brokerage and commission busi- 
ness, having lost about one-tenth of his capital, and 
with his family returned to Connecticut and settled 
in Humphrevsville (now Seymour). This was a 
little village named in honor of Col. David Humph- 
reys, who had established large mills there. At his 
death, work in the mill ceased, and the buildings 
remained unoccupied until in 1822, when they were 
purchased by John H. De Forest and Alessrs.' Wain 
& Leaming, of Philadelphia. A new company was 
organized, under the name of the Humphreysville 
Manufacturing Co., of which John H. De Forest 
was president, and J. Fischer Leaming, secretary. 
Although Mr. De Forest knew nothing of manufac- 
turing, he nevertheless made a success of his ven- 
ture. The new company immediately started the 
paper mill, gristmill and sawmill, while they altered 
the woolen mill into a mill for cotton sheetings, and 
so the company became one of the minor founders 
of cotton manufacture in the United States. Mr. 
De Forest continued in the manufacturing business 
until his death, which occurred Feb. 12, 1839. Dur- 
ing his residence in Humphreysville, Mr. De Forest 
was repeatedly elected to the State Legislature, and 
was for years the principal trying justice of the dis- 
trict. Mrs. Dotha (Woodvvard) De Forest was 
the youngest daughter of Elijah Woodward, of 
Watertown, Conn., who marched with one of the 
first Connecticut companies to the rescue of Bos- 
ton at the Lexington alarm. She was married to 
John Hancock De Forest, Dec. 5, 181 1. 

It may not be uninteresting to note that David 
Curtis De Forest, uncle of Andrew W. De Forest, 
once lived in New Haven, as a prosperous retired 
merchant. He built for his residence, which was 
then called "the elegant De Forest mansion," the 
house standing on the corner of Church and Elm 
streets, now owned and occupied by ex-Mayor Jos- 
eph B. Sargent. Mr. De Forest had lived in South 
America much of his life and had amassed a for- 
tune. He was greatly interested in tlie struggles 
of the Buenos Ayreans, Chilians and Bolivians for 
independence, particularly of the Buenos Ayreans, 
and was elected First Consul to the United States 
from the new government of Buenos Ayres. Mrs. 
De Forest (who was Aliss Julia Wooster) was a 
granddaughter of a cousin of General David Woos- 
ter, and was said to be a most beautiful woman. 
Two excellent portraits of Mr. De Forest and his 
beautiful wife, painted by Alorse, hang in the Yale 
Art Gallery. About 1822, his duty done to Buenos 



Ayres, Mr. De Forest resigned his consul-general- 
ship. Somewhat later he journeyed to Montreal to 
put his eldest daughter in a French school there, 
and thus was absent from home when his "elegant 
mansion" received its most illustrious visitor. Gen- 
eral Lafayette, who was in New Haven four hours 
on Aug. 21, 1824. Says the Columbia Register of 
that date : 

The hero had a reception at the court house, then a 
breakfast with Gov. Wolcott and all the authorities, after 
that three hundred ladies with their children stormed the 
hotel and were presented to the courtly old nobleman. At 
twelve he reviewed the troo[)s on the Green. After that he 
paid his respects to various widows anddaughters of slain Rev- 
olutionary heroes; next, to the house of David C. Def'orest, 
Esquire, late Consul-General fro n Buenos Ayres, and the 
provinces of the Rio de la Plata. Mr. Deforest being 
absent, he was received at the door by Mrs. Deforest with 
her accustomed politeness. Here he remained several min- 
utes and partook of some refreshment. From the portico 
in front of this splendid mansion he surveyed the beautiful 
Green, full of people, with the long line of troops, the build- 
ings around, and the tine foliage or the trees. A lively sen- 
sibility at once appeared. He was struck with the beauty of 
the scene. " Such another prospect can hardly be presented 
in America." After taking leave of his handsome hostess, 
" Mr. Street's elegant barouch " bore him through the double 
line of hurrahing students to the college, there to be received 
by the President and faculty, after which he visited the 
burying ground and the graves of Humphreys and other old 
comrades, and then fifteen guns roared hun out of town 
with their worshiping farewell. 


David C. De Forest's life in New Haven was 
conducted on a generous scale, spending and giving 
away much. His money had come to him easily and 
he parted with it freely. It was his custom every 
February to send $50.00 to the almshouse in order 
that the inmates might celebrate Washington's birth- 
day by having a good dinner and a glass of wine 
each. He divided $15,000 among his relatives; and 
he oflfered his mother $5,000 more, but as she re- 
fused it, he presented the check to Yale College for 
the benefit of the library. The magnitude of the 
gift hurt the vanity of one of the elder trustees, a 
locally illustrious gentleman who had just donated 
$1,000 for the same purpose, consequently Secretary 
Goodrich and Treasurer Hillhouse called on Air. 
De Forest and requested him to withhold his check 
until the aforesaid dignitary could be reconciled to 
it. A year later, fearful of losing the money, they 
called again and suggested that it should be given in 
another way. "Gentlemen," said Mr. DeForest, 
"the trustees returned my check when I offered it. 
Now they want it for a purpose which fails to in- 
terest me. I will give it ; but I will not give it out- 
right to the college. I will give it for the benefit of 
my own flesh and blood." Thereupon he proposed 
that the money should be held at interest until it 
amounted to $26,000, when the income should be 
devoted to four scholarships for De Forests, and 
an annual gold medal, wonh $100, for superiority 
in English Composition and Declamation. The 
proposition was accepted, and the check paid over 
^ept. 12, 1823. A vigorous opposition was offered 
by the aforementioned local gfrandee and one of his 

personal friends among the professors, but was 
voted down. The De Forest scholarships (now 
three in number) have done good, and the De Forest 
medal is one of the chief prizes of the Academic 
course of Yale. David Curtis De Forest died at 
his home, corner of Church and Elm streets, Feb. 
22, 1825. His remains lie buried in Grove street 

As a boy Andrew Woodward De Forest at- 
tended the common schools in Humphreysville, and 
the Goshen (Conn.) Academy, a school which was 
then famous, and which in its time has graduated 
many men of note. At about eighteen years of age 
young De Forest went to New York as a clerk in 
the large silk importing house of De Forest &. 
Downes, the senior member of the firm being a rela- 
tive of his. He expected to make this his life work,, 
but a severe rheumatic sickness at the age of twentv- 
three compelled him to abandon his plans, and to- 
return to his home in Humphreysville. While liv- 
ing in Xew York he had become interested in mili- 
tary aft'airs, and was captain of a company which he 
used to drill in Washington Square. In 1847 ^Ii"- 
De Forest came to Xew Haven to reside and estab- 
lish a lumber business on Custom House Square 
with Albert Steele as a partner, the firm being 
known as Steele & De Forest. The partner- 
ship formed continued until 1852, when Mr. 
Steele retired, and Justus S. Hotchkiss became 
a partner in the business, the finn name be- 
ing changed to De Forest & Hotchkiss. Twen- 
ty-one years later (1873) the De Forest & 
Hotchkiss Co. was incorporated, and seven years 
later (1880) Mr. Hotchkiss retired. From this 
date until his death, ^ir. De Forest was only 
the nominal president of the company, the business 
being carried on and managed by his two sons^ 
Charles S. De Forest and Eugene De Forest. In 
previous years, in connection with his New Haven 
lumber business, ]\Ir. De Forest at one time owned 
and operated a hmiber mill in Canada. Heavy 
freshets worked such disaster to his property that 
he finally abandoned it and sold the mill. 

During his fifty-three years' residence in Xew 
Haven he attained by large ability, untiring patience 
and quiet persistence a distinguished place in the 
business affairs of the city, and won for himself the 
sincere respect of his fellow citizens. His ability as 
a sound and wise counsellor and able administrator 
of important business affairs was recognized and 
called into service. At the organization of the 
Tradesmen's Bank in 1854, he was elected one of 
its directors, a position which he held for forty-six 
years (until his death), and in 1S96 he was elected 
vice-president. In 1863 he was elected by the peo- 
ple a member of the Board of Education to fill a two- 
years unexpired term of a member who had died. 
He was re-elected in 1865 for the full term of three 
years, and was president of the Board in the years 
1864-1865, and 1866-1867. It was during his first 
term that the study of music was introduced into 



the public schools of New Haven. At this time also 
the question of a public high school, which had 
l>cen considered and discussed by the voters and tax- 
iKiyers of the city for many years, was revived with 
great earnestness. Public meetings were held to 
discuss the question, at which ^Ir. De Forest pre- 
sided, and the outcome of this agitation was the 
starting of a public high school in the old Palladium 
building on Orange street. In October, 1871, the 
cornerstone of the present high school building, on 
the corner of Orange and Wall streets, was laid, 
and the building completed in 1873. Mr. De Forest 
was one of the oldest directors in the Xew Haven 
Gas Light Co., having been elected in 1880. He 
succeeded to its presidency on the death of Daniel 
Trowbridge in 1894, previous to which he had for 
several years been vice-president. He was also 
president of the Tontine Co. In all the varied ex- 
periences of his long and useful life, he showed by 
his wisdom, his kindness, his tact, his reliability and 
his integrity, that he was a man of true worth and 
solid character. His life from its beginning to its 
close was unimpeachable. When a young man he 
united with the Congregational Church in Humph- 
reysville. On coming to Xew Haven he identified 
himself with the old College Street Church, and at 
once entered heartily and enthusiastically into the 
work of the church. For a long time he was a 
deacon of the church and a teacher in its Sunday- 
school. Deacon De Forest was with the College 
Street Church about twenty years, when he took 
a letter to the Xorth (now United) Church on ac- 
count of its being more convenient for his wife. For 
many years he was a member of the X'ew Haven 
Congregational Club. He was in all ways a worthy 
Christian citizen, abounding without ostentation in 
good works, and devoted to his church, his family 
and his friends. 

On Oct. 30, 1844. Andrew W. De Forest mar- 
ried in Fairfield, Conn., Lucretia Sturges Bennet. 
daughter of Thaddeus Wakeman and Deborah 
Lewis (Sturges) Bennet. of Southport, Conn. Five 
children were born of this union, of whom three 
sons survive : Edward Linson, of Springfield, 
Mass. ; Charles Sturges, president and secretary of 
the De Forest & Hotchkiss Co. ; Eugene, vice-presi- 
dent and treasurer of the De Forest & Hotchkiss 
Co. ; Mary Woodward, who became the wife of 
S. Duncan Leverich, and died at her home in Xew 
York, March 31, 1897: and Lucretia Hotchkiss, who 
died in Xew Haven, March 19, 1886. Edward Lin- 
son De Forest married Louise Hawley, and has one 
daughter, Edith ^M. Charles Sturges De Forest 
wedded Lilian Ives, and has one child. Antoinette. 
Mary Woodward (De Forest) Leverich left a 
daughter. May D., now the wife of :\Iajor Ira A. 
Shaler, of Xew York City. Eugene married Minnie 
B. Richards, of Boston, Mass. A brother. Rev. 
Henry Alfred De Forest, ^l. D., a graduate of Yale 
College, class of 1832, and missionary to Syria, 
died at Rochester, X. Y., Xov. 24, 1858. A second 

brother, George Frederick De Forest, a graduate of 

Yale College, and in 1852 president of the Eagle 

Manufacturing Co., of Seymour, capital, 

j died in Freeport, 111., Sept. 16, 1883. One brother 

I survives. Major John W. De Forest, of this city, a 

i novelist, who was captain of the 12th Conn. \'. I. 

I in the Civil War, and was breveted Major of 

United States Volunteers. 

BEXJAMIX R. EXGLISH is one of the well- 
known men of Xew Haven, and is a son of Henry 
English, a son of James English, who in his time 
held many prominent positions. 

James English followed the cabinet making busi- 
ness in company with Sherman Blair. He was the 
father of nine children : Benjamin ; John ; James 
E. ; George D. : Charles L. ; Henry ; Xancy. the 
widow of William B. Pardee, resides in Xew 
Haven : Elizabeth married Philo Babbit, and has a 
son, Edgar, now engaged in business in Xew 
Haven ; and Caroline married Fred Bronson, of 

Henry English acquired his education in Xew 
Haven. After leaving school, he went into the car- 
riage business with a Mr. Kimberry, under the firm 
name of Kimberry & English, and later, in company 
with his brother, James E., engaged in lumber deal- 
ing. He died at the early age of thirty. He mar- 
ried Grace E. Fowler, daughter of Timothy Fowler, 
and one child, Benjamin R., was born of this union. 
}klrs. Grace (Fowler) English died Feb. 19, 1889, 
at the age of seventy-two years. The Fowler fam- 
ily is an old and important one in the history of 
Connecticut, their first American ancestor being as- 
sociated with Governor Davenport, and at one time 
the first magistrate of the Colony. Timothy Fowler 
was the father of nine children, of whom one daugh- 
ter married Gov. English ; all are deceased except 
a son, William H. Timothy Fowler died at the age 
of eighty-two, and his wife at the age of fifty-four. 
Both were members of the Episcopal Church. 

Benjamin R. English was born Feb. 26, 1842, 
and acquired his education in the public schools of 
Xew Haven, and in the military school of Gen. Rus- 
sell, at that time one of the noted educational insti- 
tutions in X'ew England. His business career be- 
gan as an errand boy in a dry-goods store, where 
he remained two years, and then for. four years he 
worked in the clock factory. In 1861 he engaged in 
the lumber business in company with John P. Tut- 
tle, with whom he continued for sixteen years, when 
he entered the real estate business in which he has 
been very successful, and which he continues to the 
present time. 

In 1866, Mr. English was united in marriage 
with Teresa H. Farren, one of the three children 
bom to John S. and Polly (Pardee) Farren, the 
former an oyster dealer in Baltimore, and the latter 
a native of Xew Haven, who died when over seven- 
ty years of age. The other two children in the 
family of John S. Farren are Ellen, wife of O. E. 

■ '^--f.: ,-r. 



Maltby; and Burdette, who now lives in Baltimore. 
Mr. and Mrs. English have had three children : ( i ) 
James E., who married Gertrude Worth, of Brook- 
lyn, N. Y., and is the father of twins, Worth and 
Grace Atherton ; he is in business with his father. 
(2) Benjamin P., who' is connected with Peck 
Brothers. (3) A daughter, Grace L., died Dec. 5, 
1895. aged eighteen years. Politically Mr. English 
is a Democrat, and has held a number of offices in 
the gift of the people. In 1884 he was elected 
selectman, and became president of the board. He 
was on the fire board five years, and was postmaster 
from 1884 until 1889. At the present time he is a 
director of the Free Public Library, a position he has 
held since 1894. He was secretary of the New 
Haven school district in which position he served 
for six years. For ten years he has been a com- 
missioner of the Sinking Fund, and is one of the 
trustees of the town deposit fund. In financial and 
-commercial circles he has played an important part, 
and is a director of the First National Bank, and 
a trustee of the Connecticut Savings Bank. He is 
a director of the X"ew Haven Trust Company, the 
New Haven Saw Mill Company and of the Danbury 
.and Norwalk R. R. Co. ; director and secretary of 
the Evergreen Cemetery Association, and the Xew 
Haven County Historical Society. He is also a 
trustee and treasurer of the Clergymen's Retiring 
Funds, and Aged and Infirm Clergy Fund ; trustee 
;and secretary of the Bishop's Fund. Religiously 
he is connected with the Episcopal Church in Con- 
necticut, being a leading and influential member and 
warden of St. Paul's Episcopal Church in Xew 
Haven. Socially Mr. English belongs to the I. O. 
R. M., and is one of the executive committee of the 
Sons of American Revolution, in which his eldest 
son, who is now secretary of the Xew Haven Park 
Commission, takes an active interest. 

CORNELIUS C. RYDER, a representative and 
prominent farmer of Oxford, Conn., is a native of 
this State, born in Greenfield, Aug. 19. 1835, a son 
of Ralph and Harriet E. (Chapman) Ryder, in 
whose family were nine children, six sons and three 
daughters. Those living are Henry A., town treas- 
urer of Seymour; Mary P.; Stephen, a resident of 
Seymour; and Cornelius C. 

During the childhood of our subject, the family 
removed to Danbury, Conn., and at the age of nine 
years he went to Thomaston. Later he spent a 
short time in Seymour, and then returned to Dan- 
bury, where he was employed on a farm until eight- 
een, when he again went to Seymour. He found 
employment in the Globe Mills, and engaged in the 
manufacture of augers for three years. In 1857 
he removed to the farm in Oxford where he has 
since made his home. He now owns 150 acres, one- 
half of which is valley land under a high state of 
cultivation, and upon which he is successfully en- 
gaged in general farming and dairying. P'or ten 
years or more he was also interested in the butcher 

business, but now devotes his entire time and atten- 
tion to agricultural pursuits with most gratifying 

On Sept. 21, 1856, Mr. Ryder was united in mar- 
riage with Miss Sarah B. Tomlinson, by whom he 
had seven children, one, William T., now deceased. 
Those living are Lillian O., Ralph W., Bennet H., 
John J., Martha E. and Cornelius C. He was again 
married, Xov. 7, 1883, his second union being with 
Mrs. Emma V. Shippy, daughter of Marcus Mer- 
win, of Woodmont. In his political affiliations, Mr. 
Ryder is a Democrat, and he has been quite prom- 
inently identified with local politics. He served as 
selectman of Oxford in 1893 and 1894, as justice of 
the peace for many years, and as grand juror for 
over ten years. He is an active and influential 
member of the Episcopal Church, of which he is 
j now senior warden, and is held in high regard by 
1 all who have the pleasure of his acquaintance. 

i JAMES H. PECK, Warden of the Borough of 
I West Haven in the town of Orange, and one of its 
! most prominent and substantial citizens, comes of 
Revolutionary stock, his grandfather, a farmer of 
Middlebury, having served in the War for Independ- 

Ward Peck, his grandfather, was born in Xew 
I Haven near where the Tontine hotel now stands. 
I His father. Ward Peck, Sr., was there shot in his 
I own dooryard by British soldiers, and this so en- 
i raged his sons that one and all volunteered for ser- 
I vice in the Continental army. xA.lthough Ward was 
j but fourteen at this time, he joined his brothers and 
j tried to enlist. He was too short, however, and on 
going home revolved in his mind various ways by 
which he could outwit the examiner, in order to 
enter the service. He presented himself for examin- 
ation a second time, having increased his height by 
stuffing his boots with paper, and was accepted, and 
served seven years, participating in the hardships 
at Valley Forge, and at Stony Point. He helped to 
carry Gen. Lafayette oft' the field when the latter was 
wounded. In 1822, when the French General made 
his memorable visit to America, he visited Mr. Peck, 
who was transformed from a mere stripling into a 
man six feet three inches tall and weighing three 
hundred pounds. He went to Middlebury and 
there died. Prominent in public affairs, he repre- 
sented his town in the State Legislature several 
times. His wife, Dorcas Bronson, bore him twelve 
children. Ward Peck was a namesake of his uncle, 
Artemus Ward, who had charge of the forces at 
Bunker Hill. The remains of Ward Peck, Sr., were 
laid to rest under old Center Church on the Xew 
Haven "Green." 

William Augustus Peck, father of James H., 
a native of Waterbury, was a man of shrewd busi- 
ness foresight and great energy of character. Reared 
upon a farm and educated in the district schools, at 
the age of twenty-one he began his business career 
as a common carrier. That was before the com- 






0iiiiMiiamii»i1iiitiA-tM^^ --rifiii'lfiiWiriiM 



plction of the New York & New Haven Railroad, 
and voiins- Peck engaged in hauling freight by 
teams'. He had thirty horses, and carried to New 
Haven, Farniington, Tannersville, ]Meriden and 
Southington. He was strict with his men, insisting 
that thev must neither smoke nor drink, and, above 
all, must be Whigs in political sentiment. His 
teams brought the first organ and the first sticking 
niachine (for putting pins in papers) ever brought 
to that part of the country. The latter machine had 
aroused considerable curiosity, and. to prevent its 
being injured or stolen, an armed man walked be- 
side the wagon all the way from Meriden to Water- 
bury. Mr. Peck's enterprise proved profitable until 
the coming of the iron horse, when he abandoned 
it. Then, going to Fairhaven, he purchased a large 
tract of land, which he subdivided, partially im- 
proved and sold as building lots ; he opened 
Peck street, and had the trees set out along the 
road there. From that point he removed to West 
Haven, where he bought about lOO acres, which 
Tie disposed of in the same manner ; here he threw 
twenty acres into streets, naming them after the 
members of his family. He was a man of broad 
public spirit and universally esteemed. He passed 
the remainder of his life there, dying in June, 1891, 
at the ripe old age of eighty-six. Both he and his 
wife were members of the Congregational Church. 
Mrs. Peck, whose maiden name was Lucretia Leete, 
was born in North Haven, and was a great-grand- 
daughter of Gov. Leete, of Colonial days, whose 
"home was near Leete's Island. She died in her 
fifty-seventh year. To ]\Ir. and Mrs. Peck were 
"born ten children, six members of which large family 
are yet living. Their names in order of their birth j 
are as follows : George L., a resident of Jamaica, 
Long Island ; William A., Jr., who died in 1897 : 
Eliza J., now Mrs. Joseph Andrews, a widow of 
West Haven ; Caroline D., who became Mrs. George 
M. Anderson, of the same place; Nancy A., widow 
of Capt. Albert Chase, of that borousrh; James H.; 
Emma L., unmarried, also of West Haven ; Clara, 
who died at Jamaica, L. I., aged twenty-five ; an in- 
fant son that died unnamed ; and Sherman, who died 
in the 'sixties. 

Gov. Leete, mentioned above, was at first deputy 
governor under Gov. Winthrop, and later governor 
of the Colony. His brother was one of the judges 
at the trial of Charles I, but later came to America, 
and died in this country. , 

James H. Peck remained at home and attended 
school until he was fourteen years old. when he 
shipped before the mast. He followed the life of a 
sailor for six years, a part of the time being spent 
in the coasting trade and a part on vessels bound 
for foreign ports. Growing weary of the sea, he 
returned to West Haven, and started in business as 
a contractor for house painting. In 1877, however, 
a longing for new scenes once more took possession 
of him, and he made a trip to California, and for a 
year he engaged in various enterprises, returning to 

Connecticut in 1878. From that time until 1884 he 
served as deputy sheriff of his native county, under 
John C. Bixby, of Meriden, and in the year last 
named was appointed ganger and inspector in the 
Internal Revenue District, which was then the whole 
State, under the first administration of President 
Cleveland. After three and a half years he resigned 
this post, and in 1888 made a second visit to Cali- 
fornia, remaining until the spring of 1890. On his 
return to West Haven Sheriff Charles A. Tomlin- 
son, of Milford, made him his deputy, Mr. Peck 
serving during the remainder of the term, which 
expired in 1894. Fle is a Democrat in politics, and 
one of the most active and influential of his party's 
leaders in New Haven county. From 1878 to the 
present time (1901) he has been registrar of voters, 
with the exception of the two years which he spent 
in California. During the greater portion of the 
last twenty years he has been chairman of his party's 
town committee, and is now serving his second term 
as a member of the State Central Committee. He 
was first elected warden in 1897, and re-elected in 
1898 and 1899. 

Mr. Peck is a man of sterling worth and social, 
happy temperament, who has a wide circle of ac- 
quaintances and hosts of friends. He is a mem- 
ber of numerous fraternal lodges, among them be- 
ing Annawon Lodge, No. 115, F. & A. M. of 
West Haven, in which he has filled all the chairs, 
and is now Past Master, and of Joseph Andrews 
Chapter, R. A. M., of w^hich he is a charter mem- 
ber and Past High Priest ; he is also a member of 
Crawford Council, of New Haven ; of the Order of 
O. U. A. M., of which he is likewise a charter mem- 
ber, and in which order he has taken all the degrees 
and filled all the chairs. His business career has 
been a prosperous one. He has dealt largely in 
real property, and has built wholly upon lines sug- 
gested iby himself one of the finest residences in the 
village, at the corner of Savin avenue and Church 

In September, 1869, Mr. Peck married Miss 
Henrietta M. Thompson, youngest child of Capt. 
John Thompson, of West Haven, well known in the 
merchant marine service. Mrs. Peck is one of 
six children, the others being Louise J., wife of 
Henry M. Ailing, of New Haven ; John W., of 
Lathrop Cal. ; Henrv A., of Oakland, Cal. ; Walter* 
W. ("Capt." Thompson), of West Haven; and 
Sarah M., wife of Theron Ford, of Milford. The 
union of ^Ir. and Mrs. Peck has been blessed with 
a daughter. Louisa Lucretia. who is the wife of 
Edwin S. Thomas, Esq., of New Haven, a leading 
member of the Bar, as well as a justice of the 
peace and ex-member of the State Legislature. One 
daughter, Roberta, died in infancy. 

DANIEL MEIGS WEBB, M. D., the oldest 
medical practitioner on the shore line, and for over 
half a century a physician and surgeon of Madi- 
son, New Haven county, is a native of that town, 



born April 6, 1822. He is a member of one of the 
oldest families of America, and comes of English 

(I) Richard Webb, the first of the name in 
America, came in 1626 from Dorsetshire, Eng- 
land, to Cambridge, Mass., thence moving to Bos- 
ton, where he was made a freeman in 1632. In 
Boston he remained until 1635, in that year coming 
to Connecticut and locating on the banks of the 
Connecticut river, in Hartford county, there mak- 
ing his home until 1650, when he moved to Fair- 
field county, locating in Norwalk until 1655. In 
that year he took up his residence in Stamford, 
same county, but did not live long afterward, dy- 
ing Jan. I, 1656. In 1655 he was a deputy. He mar- 
ried Elizabeth Gregory, daughter of John Gregory, 
and eight children were born to them: ij.) Jo- 
seph, who married Hannah Scofield, died in 1685; 
(2) Richard, the next, died March 15, 1676; (3) 
Caleb died May 24, 1704; (4) ^lary died Sept. 18, 
1706; (5) John died May 19, 1670; (6) Joshua; 
(7) Samuel is mentioned below; (8) Sarah, became 
the wife of John Marshall. The mother of these 
died Jan. 24, 1680. 

(II) Samuel Webb, born March 30, 1662, lived 
all his days in Stamford, Conn., dying there Oct. 
7, 1729. By his wife Hannah he had six children: 
(l) Waitstill, born Jan. 6, 1691, married Jan. 18, 
1713, Joseph Holly; (2) Samuel, sketch of whom 
follows; (3) Mercy, born April 11, 1695, married 
June 18, 1713. Francis Brown; (4) Charles, born 
March 12, 1697, married May 23, 1723, Hilary 
Smith; (5) Mary, born Jan. 7, 1699, married 
May 13, 1722, John Bates; (6) Nathaniel, born 
Nov. 6, 1700, married ( first) April 20, 1724, Sarah 
Webster, (second) Sarah Webb, and (third) 
Deborah Lockwood. 

(III) Samuel Webb, born Nov. 16, 1692, in the 
town of Stamford, died there in January, 1731. 
He married Dec. 8, 1720, Abigail Slason, born 
March 8, 1700, who died in 1760. Children: (i) 
Abigail, born in January, 1722, married Jan. i, 
1749, Francis Holly; (2) Samuel, sketch of whom 
follows; (3) Elizabeth, born Jan. 16, 1725; (4) 
Charles, born April 19. 1730, died April 19, 1730. 

(IV) 'Samuel Webb, born Nov. 14, 1723, in 
Stamford, Conn., thence removed in manhood to 
• Chester, Middlesex countv. where he was a land 
■ owner and farmer, and where he died in October, 
1762. He married in 1744. and his wife. Mary, 
who was born in 1722. died in 1770. Children: 
(l) Samuel, born in 1745, died in November, 
1778; (2) Jemima: (3) Stephen, born in 1746, 
married Lucy Spencer, and died Aug. i, 1826; 
(4) Mary was born in 1749; (5) Ann married 
Martin Southworth ; (6) Esther married a Mr. 
Douglas; (7) Reynolds, sketch of whom follows; 
(8) Isaac: (9) James. 

(V) Reynolds Webb, born Oct. 9, 1759, in the 
town of Chester, Middlesex county, was a farmer 
and land owner, and took a very active part in the 

Revolutionary war. He enlisted June 2, 1777, in 
Capt. Kirkland's Company, Col. William Douglas' 
Regiment, 6th Connecticut Line ; was discharged in 
January, 1778; during the latter part of the. war, 
he was transferred to the French army under Gen. 
LaFayette, and was present at the battle of York- 
town and the surrender of Lord Cornwallis. He 
was a pensioner in 1818; died March 20, 1834, and 
was buried in Chester, Conn. He married Nov. 15, 
1787, Catherine Parmelee, born June 30, 1768, 
who died July 15, 1851. Their children: (i) 
Samuel Parmelee, born Oct. 24, 1788, died Nov. 
24, 1812. (2) Reynold, sketch of whom follows. 
(3) Sally, born Dec. 4, 1792, married Deacon 
George Weed, and died May 18, 1876. (4) Cath- 
erine, born April 20, 1795, married Joseph Mather, 
and died Sept. 16. 1825. (5) Isaac, born Jan. 15, 
1798, was a graduate of Yale College, where he 
took the degrees of B. A. and M. A. in 1822 and 
1826, respectively; was tutor, 1825-27; he was twice 
married, first to Alary McClellan, second to Sarah 
McClellan. (6) Mary, born April 29, 1801, mar- 
ried Noah Shipman, and died Oct. 27, 185 1. (7) 
Ambrose, born Dec. 9, 1803, married first Eliza- 
beth W. Pratt, and second Sarah Tower, and died 
April 27, 1879. (8) Ann, born March 6, 1806, 
married Rev. Emory Shailor, and died Jan. 16, 
1891. (9) William Jones, born April 11, 1808, died 
July 10, 1836, of consumption, and was buried at 
sea while on his passage home from Naples, Italy. 

(VI) Dr. Reynold Webb, father of Dr. Daniel 
M. Webb, was born Jan. 3, 1791, in the town of 
Chester, Middlesex county, where he was educated 
and prepared for college, after which he attended 
Yale Medical School, where he graduated in 1819 
with the degree of M. D. He then commenced 
the practice of his profession at Essex, and was 
later at Madison. From there in a short time he 
returned to Essex, Conn., but after a sojourn there 
he returned to Madison and passed the rest of his 
days in that town, in the full practice of medicine 
and surgery. He died July i, 1856, aged sixty- 
five years, and was buried in Deep River cem- 
etery. In church views' he was liberal and in pol- 
itics a Democrat. He represented the town of 
Madison in the State Legislature; was probate 
judge from 1836 to 1842. also from 1850 to 1852; 
was justice of the peace, and a selectman of the 
town. Socially he was a member of the Connecti- 
cut Medical Society, and of the American Medical 
Association ; in fraternal predilections he was affil- 
iated with the I. O. O. F., and at one time was 
grand master of the State. During the war of 
1812 he was a musician from July 5 to 14, 1813, 
in Col. Elisha Sill's Regiment attached to Capt. 
Zachariah Clarke's Company. He was at all times 
active in public life, a good citizen, noted for his 
honorable and upright character. 

On March 8, '1821. Dr. Reynold Webb was 
married to Deborah Hopson Meigs, born May 24, 
1797, in East Guilford (now the town of Madi- 




son), a daughter of Capt. Daniel and Millicent 
(Hopson) Meigs, the former of whom was' in the 
Revolutionary war, and a sergeant in the "Lexing- 
ton alarm." Mrs. Webb died Dec. 7, 1859, and 
was buried in Deep River cemetery. She was a 
lady of refinement and culture, a loving wife and 
mother, beloved by all. Two children came to 
Dr. Webb and his wife : Daniel Meigs was born 
April 6, 1822. Catherine Millicent, born June 13, 
1832, married June 17, 1S55, Col. Vincent Meigs 
Wilcox, of the I32d P. V. I.; she died April i, 
i860, the mother of Dr. Revnold Webb Wilcox, 
M. D., LL. D., of New York City. 

(VII) Dr. Daniel Meigs Webb, the subject 
proper of this sketch, commenced to attend school 
at the very early age of four years, and when 
ten he entered Lee's Academy, later studying at 
Clinton Academy, Middlesex county, where he pre- 
pared himself for college. In 1842 he entered 
Yale College, taking an academic course, and in 
1846 received the degree of B. A. (afterward that 
of M. A.), after which he entered the Medical De- 
partment, and there graduated in 1849 with the 
degree of M. D. Returning now to Madison, he 
began the practice of his chosen profession with 
his father, and at the latter's death continued it. 
He has now been a physician and surgeon in his 
native town for over half a century, his ride ex- 
tending to Clinton, Guilford, Madison and North 

On April 29, 1849, at Clinton, Conn., Dr. Webb 
married Mary Elizabeth Elderkin, born in Clin- 
ton, March 20, 1825, daughter of Buckminster 
Brintnall Elderkin. of that town. Dr. Webb is 
a fellow of the State Medical Society ; is affiliated 
with the F. & A. M. Lodge. No. 87, Madison, of 
which he was medical examiner ; is a Knight 
Templar, member of New Haven Commandery, 
No. 2 ; and for several years was identified with 
the I. O. O. F. In politics he is a Republican, but 
no office seeker, in religious faith a member of the 
Episcopal Church, of which he is one of the war- 
dens. He is a broad-minded man, highly cultured, 
being master of several languages, extremely pop- 
ular both in and outside of his profession, and 
highly respected. 

ceased) was in his' lifetime one of the most re- 
spected and useful citizens of Connecticut, a man 
of sterling worth and integrity. He was born Jan. 
30, 1822. in New Haven. The Hayes family be- 
gins its history in this country with the advent of 
George Hayes, who went from Scotland to Derby- 
shire. England, and came to this country, and ap- 
pears at Windsor, Conn., very early in the history 
of the Colony. His first marriage was to Sarah 
(surname not known), who died' in 1683, and he 
married for his second wife Abigail, a daughter 
of Samuel Dibble, of Windsor and Simsbury, the 
same year. About 1698 the family removed to 

Salmon Brook, in the town of Simsbury, which is 
now a part of Granby. He died in Simsbury, Sept. 
22, 1725. His second wife and eleven children 
survived him. 

Daniel Hayes, a son of George, was born April 
26, 1686, in Windsor. In 1716 he married Martha 
Holcomb, who died the year following. In 1721 
he married Sarah. Lee, of Wheatfield, Mass., who 
died in 1738. In 1739 Mr. Hayes married his third 
wife, Mary. Mr. Hayes died in Simsbury in 1756. 
During Queen Anne's war Daniel Hayes was taken 
prison by the Indians almo,st within sight of his own 
home, and carried to Canada, where he was kept in 
captivity more than five years, when he was re- 
leased, and he returned to his home as one risen 
from the dead. 

Ezekiel Hayes (i), son of Daniel, born Nov. 
21, i.724, married in 1749 Rebecca, a daughter 
of Rev. Samuel Russell, of Branford. Mr. Hayes, 
was an early .settler in New Haven, where he 
owned and occupied a home on Court street. He 
was a prominent citizen, and a large proprietor 
in New Haven. He lived many years at Bran- 
ford, where 'in 1756 he built a handsome brick 
residence, which is still standing. His death oc- 
curred in New Haven Oct. 17, 1807. From 1749 
until after the Revolution his home was in Bran- 
ford the most of the time. He served as a captain 
in the Revolution, and was present at the surren- 
der of Lord Cornwallis, at Yorktown. A grand- 
son of Ezekiel (i) was Rutherford B. Hayes, 
President of the United States. 

Ezekiel Hayes (2), son of the above, was born 
in Branford in 1753, and married June i, 1775, to 
Mary Hemingway. Wealthy (Trowbridge) 
Barnes became his wife June 21, 1800. She was 
the widow of Samuel Barnes' and a daughter of 
Rutherford Trowbridge and Dorothy Hitchcock. 
Elizabeth, the widow of Archibald Rice, became 
his third wife, Dec. 8, 1822, and she survived him. 
yir. Hayes, like his father, was a blacksmith and 
scythe maker. Mr. Hayes resided in Court street. 
New Haven, where he died Oct. 20, 1828. 

John Hayes, son of Ezekiel (2). born Nov. 
17, 1786, in New Haven, was married June 28, 
1810, to Elizabeth Bills, a daughter of William and 
Elizabeth (Thompson) Bills; she was born Jan. 
8, 1790, and died Dec. 5, 1872. Mr. Hayes was a 
merchant tailor, and died July 23, 1836. His chil- 
dren were as follows : Ezekiel ; William Bills ; 
Susan, who married a Williard ; Elizabeth T., who 
married a Johnson ; John Hemingway ; Edward 
Rutherford : Charles Russell ; Harriet Rebecca ; 
and Mary B., who married Edward T. ]Mix. men- 
tion of whom will be made further on. All were 
born in New Haven. 

Edward Rutherford Hayes., son of John, was 
for many years the efficient bookkeeper and ac- 
countant of the firm of Henry Trowbridge & Sons, 
one of the most substantial and best-known con- 
cerns in New England. He retired from active 

'. '1. 

n'„^< ' .ov .r 



life in 1889, and died on Dec. 9, 1895. On Oct. i, 
1849, he was married to Anna Cooke Silliman, 
who was born Jan. 5, 1825, at ]\lt. Pleasant, X. 
Y., a daughter of Elisha and Amelia (Cooke) Silli- 
man, of New Haven. She died May 9, 1876. To 
them were torn : (i) Martha Silliman, who is a 
daughter of the American Revolution; (2) Caro- 
line Rutherford, who died Aug. i, 1858. 'Mv. Haves 
was a member of St. Paul's Episcopal Church, 
which he served as a vestryman many years. In 
early life he was captain of a militia company. 
In politics he was a Republican, and belonged to 
the Republican Club. His great-grandfather built 
the old brick house, one of the famous taverns in 
Branford in the early davs. 

The grandmother of Mrs. Anna C. (Silliman) 
Hayes was a great-grandchild of Gen. Lyon, who 
came to America very early in the colonial history. 
The family are all connected with the Sillimans 
of Yale College. The mother of ]Mrs. Hayes was 
a member of a family of ten children, three of 
whom are living, two in New York, and one in 

Edward Towxsexd Mix, who was an architect 
of Milwaukee, learned his profession of Sidney 
Stone, and became one of the leading architects 
of the Northwest. His biography appears in the 
National Cyclopedia of American Biography. ]Mr. 
Mix was born at New Haven, Conn., May 13, 1831. 
His" father and grandfather followed the sea, and 
were navigators of distinction, the exploits of each 
being named in the annals of the New Haven 
Colony Historical Society. In 1836 young Mix 
went West with his parents, who settled in An- 
dover, 111., on a large farm which his father had 
purchased. In 1845 *^he family returned to New 
York, where Edward T. began his education in 
the city schools, and completed it in the Collegiate 
School, in Batavia, N. Y. In 1848, while on a 
visit to New Haven, he became acquainted with 
one of the leading architects of New England, 
whose office he entered as a student. At the ex- 
piration of seven years he refused a partnership 
with his instructor, and settled in Chicago, 111. 
In 1856 he went to Milwaukee, Wis., where his 
ability as an architect was speedily recognized, and 
his application to his profession, with his unswerv- 
ing fidelity in discharging its duties, brought him, 
in a very few years, into the front rank of his pro- 
fession. In 1868 Gov. Fairchild appointed him 
State architect of Wisconsin, and he had charge 
of the construction of the State buildings until 1879, 
when he resigned. His reputation was not confined 
to Milwaukee, but extended to other cities. East and 
West, and received for him engagements where pro- 
fessional talent and experience of the highest order 
were required. Mr. Mix was a leading member of 
New York Institute of Architects, and was presi- 
dent of Wisconsin State Architectural League 
from 1888 to 1890. A great number and variety 
of noble and statelv buildings in Milwaukee, Min- 

neapolis and other western cities, bear testimony 
of his high attainment;. Among many of the 
finest buildings in Milwaukee which he' designed 
are the Chamber of Commerce, St. Paul's Church, 
Mitchell's Bank, the St. Paul R. R. Depot, Plank- 
ington House, and St. Grace's Church at 3.1inne- 
apolis. He was also the architect of the Guar- 
antee Loan Building, costing ^i, 000.000. He 
married Mary Hayes, of New Haven, Conn., 
a relative of ex-President Hayes. Edward Town- 
send Mix died Sept. 23, 1890, at Minneapolis-, 

there are few better known business men in New 
Haven, is one of the sterling residents of that city, 
where his long and honorable career has placed him 
in a foremost position in the commercial circle. 

Mr. Hart comes from one of the old and honor- 
able families of New England, and one of the very 
oldest in Connecticut, he being a representative of 
the seventh generation from Deacon Stephen Hart, 
who was the progenitor of this family in America. 
His line is from Deacon Stephen throuarh Thomas, 
Hawkins, Samuel, Samuel (2), and William Au- 

(i) Deacon Stephen Hart, born about 1605, at 
Braintree, County of Essex, England, came thence 
to the Massachusetts Bay Colony about 1632, ac- 
companied by his wife and daughters, Sarah' and 
Mary, and his sons, John and Stephen (2). He is 
supposed to have belonged to the companv that 
settled Braintree, Mass. He located for a t'ime at 
Newtown (now Cambridge), where his first wife 
died. For his second wife he married Margaret 
Smith, widow of Arthur Smith. Mr. Hart was one 
of the fifty-four settlers at Cambridge, Mass., later 
went to Hartford with the company of Rev. Thomas 
Hooker, in 1635, and was one of the original pro- 
prietors in 1639. At Cambridge he had been a 
member of Mr. Hooker's Church and continued a 
member in Hartford. In 1672 he became one of the 
eighty-four proprietors of Farmington, Conn. In 
1647 he was a deputy to the General Court of Con- 
necticut, and continued to serve as such during most 
of the succeeding years up to 1660, from the town 
of Farmington. At the latter place he was one of 
the seven pillars of the church and was chosen the 
first deacon. An extensive farmer, he became a 
man of influence, and was one of the leaders in the 
town. His death occurred in 1683, his widow dy- 
ing in 1693. 

(II) Thomas Hart, son of Deacon Stephen, was 
born in 1644, and married Ruth Hawkins, who was 
born in 1649. in Windsor, Conn., a daughter of 
Anthony Hawkins, a man of distinction in Farming- 
ton, whose wife was the daughter of Governor 
Welles, of Connecticut. Mr. Hart served as en- 
sign, lieutenant and captain, respectively, of the 
train band. Mr. Hart and John Hooker were the 
two most prominent men of the town, and conspic- 

' "^f '..','/ 

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'^^^:3ii^^'^^^^^^ /^^' ^^^^^ 







uous in the Colony, bein^ men of wealth, activity 
and usefulness. From 1690 to 1711 he represented 
the town in the General Court, for twenty-nine ses- 
sions, and he was several times clerk and speaker. 
Capt. Hart died in 1726, and was buried with mili- 
tary honors. He was a man of wealth and intlu- 
ence. His family consisted of two daughters and 
five sons. 

(HI) Hawkins Hart, son of Capt. Thomas, was 
born in 1677, in Farmington, and was a farmer. He 
married in 1701 Sarah Roys, who was born; in 
1683, daughter of Nathaniel Roys and Sarah 
(Lathrop), of Wallingford. They lived for a time 
in Farmington, and then removed to Wallingford, 
where Mrs. Hart died in 1733. ^Ir. Hart then 
married Mary Ehot, daughter of Rev. Joseph Eliot, 
and his second wife Mary (Willys), of Guilford, 
the latter a daughter of Hon. Samuel Willys, of 
Hartford. Mr. Hart held the rank of lieutenant, 
and represented Wallingford in the General Court 
nine sessions, between 1714 and 1732. He died in 
1735. Fie was a large land holder and owned and 
occupied a twenty-seven-acre tract on North !Main 
street, Wallingford, now known as the Rice (or 
Roys) homestead. He was a representative man of 
his time, prominent in State, civil and military life. 
Mrs. Mary (Eliot) Hart was a granddaughter of 
Rev. John Eliot, the apostle to the Indians, who 
read the Bible to the red men under the massive oak 
at South Natick in 165 1 ; he used his own transla- 
tion of Holy WVit, and was the first to give them 
this sacred work in their own language. After the 
death of her first husband, Mrs. Hart married Rev. 
Abraham Pierson, first President of Yale College, 
who died some time after, and his widow married 
(third) Samuel Hooker, of Kensington, a grand- 
son of Rev. Thomas Hooker, of Farmington. One 
child was born to Lieut, and Mrs. Hart, Samuel, 
mentioned below. 

(IV) Samuel Hart, son of Lieut. Hawkins, was 
born in Wallingford July 18, 1735. He married, 
in 1759, at Durham, Conn., Abridget Fowler, 
and settled on a tract of land which had been 
given to Rev. Joseph Eliot by the Colonial Leg- 
islature, for valued and distinguished service. 
Both he and his wife were taken into full church 
communion in 1771. Mr. Hart held the rank 
of lieutenant in the Continental Army during 
the Revolutionary war, and was wounded at the 
battle of Saratoga, Sept. 19, 1777, after which 
he drew a pension. He rendered further service 
to his country as Captain in Col. Comfort Sage's 
regiment July 5, 1779, in the invasion of New Ha- 
ven. His death took place Jan. 12, 1805, and his 
widow passed away Nov. 26, 1827. Their graves 
are well preserved in the old cemetery of his native 
town, his bearing the bronze marker of the society 
of Sons of the American Revolution. 

(V) Samuel Hart (2), son of Lieut. Samuel, 
was born July 12, 1770, and was baptized in Dur- 
ham, Conn. On March 3, 1803, he married Patience 


Hubbard, who was born in August, 1772, a daughter 
of Eber and Patience (Chittenden) Hubbard. Mr. 
Hart was a farmer living on his father's homestead, 
and was an industrious man. He died Dec. 25, 1S57, 
his widow surviving until March 15, 1864. 

(VT) William Augustus Hart, son of Samuel 
(2), was born April 26, 1806, at Durham, Conn., 
and was well known to the residents of New Ha- 
ven, Middletown and Durham, as he carried on a 
provision business in these towns, and also kept 
a country store on the old homestead. He married 
Sally Ann Jones, who was a daughter of John Jones,. 
of North \Iadison, and the children of this union, 
were as 'follows: Elizabeth H., born ]\Iay 17, 1831,. 
married Charles E. Camp, of Middlefield. Conn. ; 
Franklin H., born April 29, 1834; Alary E., born 
July 10, 1836, is deceased ; William Lewis, born 
Dec. 28, 1838, is residing in Brighton, Ohio (he 
served as a private in ist Conn. Heavy Artillery 
in the Civil war, and receives a pension) ; Ellen M., 
born March 11, 1841, married Isaac Hall, of Wall- 
ingford, and both are deceased; Charles E., born 
April 2, 1843, enlisted during Civil war in the 15th 
Conn. V. I., and was promoted to captain in the 
109th colored regiment; Frederick J., born Feb. 26, 
1845, and now a resident of Joplin, AIo., was during 
the Civil war a lieutenant in the 109th colored regi- 
ment, 1st Heavy Artillery; Catherine S.. born Aug. 
19, 1847, 1^^'^s in Durham, Conn. ; Alice L., born 
April 19, 1852, is an artist in Boston, Mass. The 
parents of this family died in Durham, Conn. They 
were honored members of the South Congregational 
Church, and Mr. Hart was a deacon in same. Mr. 
Hart was noted for his strict total abstinence from 
all kinds of intoxicants, and for his firm stand on 
this subject of temperance. 

Franklin Henry Hart was born in the town of 
Durham, on the farm which has been in the family 
since the time of Rev. Joseph Eliot, granted by- 
special act of the general court of Connecticut ire 
1698, to Mary Eliot, his great-great-grandmother. 
His literary training was received in the public 
schools of Durham, and his first business venture, 
at the age of fourteen years, was the peddling of 
charcoal. At sixteen he attended the first organ- 
ization of the State Normal School, in New Brit?.in, 
where he was a student for two terms, in 1849-50. 
He had fitted himself for teaching, but before he 
could obtain a school had to pass an examination, 
which was conducted by nine residents of the town 
including the minister. One very important quali- 
fication of a teacher in this district was the ability 
to make pens from quills furnished by the examin- 
ers. The use of steel pens was strictly prohibited, 
the pupils bringing the quills, and the teacher with 
his pocket knife converting them into pens. In 1S51 
Mr. Hart taught a district school in Middlefield, 
continuing to teach for two winters in the South 
End District in Durham. In 1854 he became asso- 
ciated with H. H. Strong in business in New Haven, 
where he remained until March, 1856. About this. 



time the trouble in Kansas regarding slavery was 
attracting attention from all over the United States. 
The Abolition element in Connecticut was active, 
and in order to stimulate that side of the con- 
troversy, a colony was formed at New Haven for 
migration to Kansas. The meeting to organize this 
colony was held in the Xorth Church, Xew Haven, 
March 20, 1856. Henry Ward Ucecher made a stir- 
ring address, and after he had concluded it was an- 
noimced that while the party was well fitted to dig 
and plow, it was not in shape to fight. Professor 
Silliman of Yale arose and in a short speech urged 
the furnishing of the colonists with guns, so that 
they could do something for freedom, as well as for 
the building up of prosperity on the plains. He 
ended by subscribing $25 for the purchase of a 
Sharps rifle. Others followed his example, and in 
a short time half of the colonists had been provided 
with weapons for either offense or defense. Air. 
33eecher, then at the zenith of his power, again took 
the rostrum, and in a magnetic speech gave his 
ilessing to the new plan, and promised that if the 
-colonists could get half enough rifles there, he would 
promise that his church would furnish the remain- 
der. In a few days he sent the gompany the re- 
quired number of guns, over S600 having been sub- 
scribed by his parishioners for the purpose, and 
along with the guns came a Bible and hymn book 
for every member of the party. In the party were 
doctors, lawyers, mechanics, teachers and preachers, 
and on March 29, 1856, they marched out of New 
Haven, as splendid a party of men as ever gathered 
ior the colonization of the West. With them went 
the words of Mr. Beecher as he wrote them from 
his study in Brooklyn, as he sent the rifles. 

Let these arms hang above your doors as the old Revo- 
lutionary muskets do in many a New England dwelling. 
May your children in another generation look upon them 
■with pride and say, " Our fathers' courage saved this land 
from blood and slavery." Every mornmgs breeze shall 
catch the blessing of our prayers and roll them westward to 
your prairie homes. May your sons be as large hearted as 
the heavens above their h'eaas. May your daughters fill 
the land as the flowers do the prairit-s, only sweeter, fairer 
than they. You will not need to use arms when it is known 
that you have them. It is the essence of slavery to be arro- 
gant before the weak and cowardly before the strong. 

One of these historic Sharps rifles, which did 
service against armed invasion of the slave power, is 
treasured by Mr. Hart as a factor in making Kan- 
sas a free state, and the first gun fired in the pre- 
liminary skirmish of the Civil war. 

Mr. Hart was a member of the colony which was 
imder Chas. B. Lines, and settled at Wabaunsee, 
Kansas. ]\Ir. Hart remained in Kansas until the 
fall of 1859, excepting during a period of about 
seven months, in the winter of 1858-59, when he 
taught school at Camp Point, 111. He returned to 
Connecticut in the fall of 1859, and again associated 
himself in business with Mr. Strong, and since that 
time has been one of the reliable business men of 
New Haven, one whose integrity is unquestioned. 

and whose success has been merited. In 1872 he 
became associated in the wholesale provision busi- 
ness, under the firm name of Strong, Barnes, Hart 
& Co. 

On Dec. 24, i860, at Durham, Mr. Hart was 
united in marriage with Aliss Adaline Jackson, a 
daughter of John Jackson, and they have had one 
son, Horace Sedgwick, who was born Aug. 30, 
1864, and is a brilliant young man. He graduated 
from Yale in 1887, studied medicine in the College 
of Phvsicians & Surgeons, New York, and grad- 
uated m 1893, spent two years in Bellevue Hospital, 
and began practice in 1896, in Cambridge, N. Y. 
At Tarrytown, N. Y., he married Miss Amy Rich- 
ards, and they have two children, Gertrude Richards 
and Franklin Jackson. Mr. and Mrs. Hart are 
members of the Church of the Redeemer. He was 
for a number of years a member of the society's 
committee and its chairman. 

Franklin H. Hart is a member of Wooster 
Lodge, F. & A. M. ; the Sons of the American Revo- 
lution ; and of the Union League. He was one of 
the organizers of the Republican League, which was 
organized on the defeat of James G. Blaine, and 
with three hundred members. His connection with 
civic affairs has been notable in town and city. In 
1879 3.nd 1880 he was a member of the board of 
selectmen, and it was during this period that Fair 
Haven was annexed to New Haven, and the town 
line extended, taking in the entire east shore of New 
Haven Harbor to and including Southend. From 
188 1 to 1891 he was a member of the board of police 
commissioners, during which period was introduced 
the Gamewell Police Telephone and Signal system ; 
also the patrol wagon and ambulance. It was in 
1889 that the Veteran Reserve Grade pension act, 
and Reserve fund in Police department were estab- 
lished. In the inauguration of all these plans and 
devices, Mr. Hart took a prominent part. While 
a member of this board he was presented with a 
valuable watch, as a testimonial of the regard in 
which he was held by the citizens of New Haven. 
]\Ir. Hart is one of the well known citizens of his 
city, and has made life a success. While well along 
toward three-score and ten, Air. Hart is active in 
mind and body — 'a. man of regular habits, as his 
well-preserved physical condition will attest. He is 
an enthusiastic and successful amateur photograph- 
er, and during his travels has collected a vast num- 
ber of interesting views with his cainera, his col- 
lection of Cuban, Jamaican and Mexican views being 
especially interesting, and, to no small extent, in- 
structive, as they embrace many photographs which 
a student of sociology would consider rare and ex- 
tremely valuable. 

RUSSELL HALL, a prominent citizen and na- 
tive of Meriden, and one of the leaders in grocery 
supplies, dealing also in woodenware, and a manu- 

I facturer of tinware, was born Julv 26, 1835. 

i The family records of the Hall family reach 

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back to John Hall, who was born in England in 
1^)05, and (lied in Wallingford, Conn., in 1676. He 
came to Hartford, Conn., either just before, or in 
company with Rev. Thomas Hooker, and was 
"•ranted si.K acres by courtesy of the town. He 
married Jane Wollen, in 1641, and she died Nov. 
14, 1690. Nine children blessed the home of this 
pioneer couple: (i) Richard, born July 11, 1645. 
married, in 1699, Hannah, daughter of John and 
Mary (Alsop) Miles, and died in New Haven in 
1726, aged eighty-one years. (2) John, baptised 
Aug. 9, 1646, married Dec. 6, 1666, Mary, daugh- 
ter of Edward and Mrs. (Potter) Parker (she was 
baptized Aug. 27, 1648, and died Sept. 22, 1725), 
and died Sept. 2, 1721. (3) Sarah, twin to John, 
bai)tized Aug. 9, 1646, married in December, 1664, 
William, son of Thomas Johnson, of New Haven. 
(4) Daniel, born in 1647, married in 1670, Mary, 
daughter of Henry Rutherford, and died in Bar- 
badoes, West Indies, in 1675. (5) Samuel, born 
^lay 21, 1648, married in [Slay, 1666, Hannah, 
daughter of John Walker, and died ]\Iarch 5, 1726, 
survived by his wife until Dec. 20, 1728. (6) 
Thomas, born IMarch 2^, 1649, married Grace Wat- 
son, June 5, 1673, and died Sept. 17, 1731 ; she died 
May I, 1731. (7) Jonathan, born April 5, 1651, 
"exchanged accommodations in New Haven in 1667, 
for those of John Stevens of New London," wdiere 
he was probably a vessel owner and captain. (8) 
David, born ^larch 18, 1652. married Dec. 24, 

1676, Sarah Rockwell (who died Nov. 3, 1732), 
and died July 7, 1727. (9) Mary, born in 1653, 
is probably the Mary Hall who testified as to John 
Hall's nuncupative will in 1676. She married in 

1677, Henry Cook, son of Henry and Judith (B'ird- 
sall) Cook, of Salem, }vlass., and died Oct. 31, 1718. 
Henry Cook was born Dec. 30, 1652, and died in 

Thomas Hall, fourth son of John and Jane 
(Wollen) Hall, was born in New Haven, ^Nlarch 
25, 1649, married Grace Watson, who was born in 
1653, a daughter of Edward and Grace (Walker) 
Watson. This is the first marriage in the Walling- 
ford records. Their children were: Abigail, born 
Jan. 7, 1674, married John Tyler: Thomas, born 
July 17, 1676, married Abigail Atwater; Mary, 
born Nov. 22, 1677: Jonathan, born July 25. 1679, 
married Dinah Andrews, I\Iav 12, 1703; Joseph, 
born July 8, 1681, married Bethiah Terrell; Esther, 
born Feb. 3, 1682, tnarried Benoni Atkins; Ben- 
jamin, born April 19, 1684, married Mary Ives ; 
Peter, born Dec. 28, 1686, married Rebecca Bar- 
tholomew ; Daniel, born Jan. 29, 1689, married 
Martha Doolittle; Rebecca, born Jan. 6, i6c)i, mar- 
ried Daniel Holt; Israel, born Oct. 8, 1686, married 
Abigail Powell. 

Jonathan Hall, son of Thomas, married on ^Nlay 
12, 1703, Dinah Andrews, who survived until 1784. 
dying at the age of ninety-nine years, and he died 
at the age of eighty-one. Their children were: 

I David, born Oct. 16, 1705; Jonathan, born Jan. 13, 

■ 1708, married Sarah Cook, in 1739; Joseph, born 

I May 31, 1 710, married Hannah Scoville, on April 

i 19- I73<^; Anna, born Jan. 18, 1712; Isaac, born 

i July II, 1714, married, Nov. 5, 1735, Mary AIoss ; 

; Phebe, born Feb. 12, 1717, died May 14, 1735; Eze- 

I kiel, born May 13, 1719, married Anna Andrews; 

Thankful, born Sept. 20, 1722; Benjamin, born Oct. 

; 20, 1725; and Temperance, born April 16, 1727. 

I Ezekiel Hall, son of Jonathan and Dinah (An- 

' drews) Hall, was torn in the Hall homestead May 

13, 1719, and married Anna Andrews, Oct. 20, 1743, 

I and his children were : Ezekiel, born Oct. 24, 1744 ; 

1 Titus, born Oct. 19, 1746, died Sept. 4, 1748; Eben, 

. born May 23, 1749; and Benajah, born in 1762. 

I Benajah Hall, son of Ezekiel, was born in what 

! is now the town of Meriden, and on Aug. 19, 1784, 

married Ruth Francis, and their children were: 

I Orrin, bom June 5, 1785; Esther, born June 13, 

1787; Ruth, born Aug. 25, 1789; Nancy, born Nov. 

9, 1792; Martha, July 13, 1795; Philo, Alay 13, 

1798; Jacob, April 5, 1801 ; Joseph, Oct. 17, 1803; 

Joel, Nov. 3, 1806; and Levineas. July 21, 18 10. 

Orrin Hall, the father of our subject, in his early 
days was a tin peddler, traveling through the South- 
ern States. In those days the housewives who lived 
far from towns and villages, always welcomed the 
peddlers, who not only brought necessaries within 
reach, but gave news of the great world outside. 
Later Mr. Hall retired to Meriden, and farmed in 
that neighborhood. He married Anna G. Hall, a 
daughter of Brinton Hall, of Meriden, and died in 
July, 1853. His children were: Almon ; Mariette, 
who married Stephen Ives ; Nelson ; Philo ; Elvira, 
who married Silas Ives ; ^ilargaret ; Russell ; Mar- 
tha, who died young; and Eliza, who married Henry 
L. Baldwin. 

Russell Hall, our subject, is also a lineal de- 
scendant of Rev. Samuel Hall and Anne Law, 
daughter of Gov. Jonathan Law, of Connecticut, 
by Anne (Eliot) Law, his first wife. She was a 
granddaughter of Rev. Joseph Eliot, of Northamp- 
ton and Guilford, and great-granddaughter of 
Rev. John Eliot (the Apostle), and of Gov. Will- 
iam Brinton, of Rhode Island. 

Russell Hall was reared to manhood on the farm. 
He obtained his education under the veteran peda- 
gogue, James Atkins, and at an early age entered 
trade, and his success, although gratifying, has been 
the natural result of unceasing hard work. At 
eighteen years of age, with a mere pittance for .1 
capital, he engaged in the making of tinware and 
supplied peddlers. His little business increased un- 
til at the end of eight years he branched out in his 
present business, that of dealing in wholesale 
grocers' supplies. In his present business Mr. 
Hall is one of the largest dealers in his line in the 
State; his trade covers a large territory, the 
name of his establishment being recognized as 
a synonym for honest goods at popular prices. 



The customers of this jobber . are well looked 
after by traveling men, and Mr. Hall himself, who, 
from the fact that he has made them regular visits 
for years past, is the best known and most popular. 

Having gradually become interested in real es- 
tate, Mr. Hall is a large tax payer and improver of 
property. He now owns some dozen houses, and in 
building the same, and in keeping them in repair 
has furnished employment to many men. While 
he has always devoted his full time and attention to 
business, he takes an interest in public affairs, but 
has never sought nor accepted office. He is, how- 
ever, one of those genial whole-souled men, who 
win the regard of all with whom they come in con- 
tact, and his strongest friends are those who know 
him best. 

Mr. Hall has been twice married. His first 
wife was Emily Preston, daughter of Ira Preston. 
On Jan. 28, 1866, he wedded Mary E., daughter 
of Ransom and Sarah (Twiss) Baldwin, and six 
children have been born of this union : Luther 
Russell, born Jan. 23, 1869, died Dec. 11, 1875; 
Irving Baldwin, born Aug. 13, 1871, died Dec. 14, 
1875; Lena Augusta, born July 17, 1873, died Dec. 
26, 1875 ; these three all died from the effects of 
diphtheria. Of the others, Wesley R., born Jan. 27, 
1877, died April 27, 1878; Bessie ^I., born Feb. 8, 
1879, died Nov. 11, 189 1 ; and Howard Baldwin, the 
only survivor, born May i, 1S81, is engaged in 
business with his father. Mr. Hall supports the 
Baptist Church, of which his wife and son are mem- 
bers, and in political affiliations is a Democrat, and 
of considerable influence in his party. A thorough 
and experienced man of business, ]Mr. Hall has been 
before the public for many years, and has won the 
confidence and esteem of all by the upright methods 
he has always pursued. 

Mr. Hall's maternal grandfather, Brinton Hall, 
was the father of a numerous family, of whom we 
have the following record : William Brinton, born 
May 13, 1764, died July 29, 1809; Collin, born July 
8, 1766, died Feb. 2, 1849; Samuel, born June 10, 
1768, died March 11, 1795; Lucy, born Alarch 13, 

1791 ; Sarah, born July 15, 
July 12. 1776; Oliver, bom 
Dec. 12, 1779, was a clergyman ; and Joab, born Jan. 
12, 1781. The mother of these died and by a sub- 
sequent marriage, Brinton Hall became the father of 
Augustus, born July 5, 1785; Ira, born Dec. 2j, 
1787, died May 12, 1862; Casper, born April 5, 
1790; and Anna Guv, who married Orrin Hall, fa- 
ther of Russell Half. 

Ransom Baldwin, father of ]\Irs. Russell Hail, 
was born on the Baldwin homestead, in East Meri- 
den, near Baldwin's Mill, March i, 1793, son of 
James Baldwin and Bethia (Goodsel). A full his- 
tory of the Baldwin family is found elsewhere in 
this volume. Ransom Baldwin grew up on a farm, 
and received his education in the district schools. 
He was a peddler of dry goods for nine years in 
the Southern States, after which he returned to his 


died' Alay 12, 
Lamont, born 

native home, and settled down to farming, buying a 
tract of land, over 180 acres, on which he built a 
dwelling house, barns, etc., and where he spent the 
balance of his days. He was a man of domestic 
tastes, and lived at peace with all the world. In his 
religious views he was a Baptist; in his political 
affiliations he was a. stanch Democrat, but no office- 
seeker. He died in 1870, well-known, highly re- 
spected, and was buried in the .East Cemetery. Mr. 
Baldwin married Sarah Twiss, who was born Jan. 
9, 1 801, and died Oct. 30, 1872, a daughter of 
Joseph and Lois (Austin) Twiss. This union was 
blessed with nine children as follows : Hiram,. 
Vincey Ann, Lois, and Augusta, all died young; 
Sarah (deceased) married William Briggs (she had 
five children, one that died young; Delia; Rose,, 
who married Charles Ferry, and has two children. 
Edna and Ruth Margaret ; Lizzie, principal of Skin- 
ner school, New Haven ; and W^aldo, a civil engin- 
eer in New York) ; Ransom, who married Marv 
Hall (who died in 1897), and had four children. 
Flora, Ransom L., Henry (died young) and Alice 
(wife of Charles JMorgan) ; ]Mary E., wife of Rus- 
sell Hall ; Roxanna, who died young ; and Justina 
C, who married Benjamin C. Kennard, and has two 
children, Helen M. and Benjamin Leighton. The 
mother of these children was a faithful and con- 
sistent member of the First Baptist Church, Meri- 

James Baldwin, father of Ransom Baldwin, was 
a soldier in the Revolutionary war. He introduced 
Joseph Twiss to Lois Austin, and they later married 
and became the parents of Sarah, wife of Ransom 
Baldwin. ' _ . 

CHARLES E. FAIRCHILD. The family of 
Fairchild was among the earliest to settle in Ox- 
ford, in which town our subject was born ]March 9. 
183 1. His grandfather, Abial Fairchild, was a 
farmer, and a native of the same place, as was also 
his father, Ebenezer Fairchild. Abial Fairchild 
was a citizen of prominence and influence in his com- 
munity, holding many local offices, among which 
was .that of selectman. 

Ebenezer Fairchild was but one year old when 
he was deprived of paternal care through the death 
of his father. He grew up on the home farm, and 
while a young man learned the trade of carriage 
builder in the shops of James Brewster, whose 
name has been for decades associated and indis- 
solubly connected with this great industry. He 
served his apprenticeship in New Haven, and started 
in business for himself at Oxford, meeting with 
good success. His trade was chieflv with the 
Southern markets, and as an index to the extent of 
his business it may be stated that his son can recall 
numerous shipments of vehicles to New York by 
sloop. From Oxford he removed to Seymour, con- 
tinuing in the same business until his death, which 
occurred Feb. 21, 1880, after he had reached his 
seventy-sixth birthday. He married Sarah Can- 

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dec, of Oxford, and both were earnest and con- 
sistent members of the Congregational Church. Mr. 
Fairchild was a Republican in politics. ^^Irs. Fair- 
•child, hke her husband, descended from one of the 
town's early families. Her father. Job Candee, was 
a successful farmer, and lived to be ninety years old. 
On Oct. 3, 1784, he married Sarah Benham, of 
Middlebury, and they had seven children : Enos, 
Horace, Leverett, Laura, Esther, Roxy and Sarah, 
of whom Sarah, the youngest, was the last survivor, 
hving until Aug. 20, 1SQ9, and reaching the age of 
ninety-two years. Mrs. Sarah (Benham) Candee 
lived to the age of seventy-six. Job Candee served 
in the army of Gen. Washington, enlisting as a 
fifer, but rising to the rank of captain before the 
■conclusion of the war. His soul-stirring anecdotes 
•of the great struggle which began in 1776, were 
full alike of pathos and humor, and to listen to their 
narration was one of our subject's great pleasures in 
■early life. Under the heading, "A Daughter of the 
Revolution," an interesting article appeared in a 
local paper a few years ago, and we here give same 
an part : 

Sejmour has a chapter of Daughters of the Revolution 
composed of hneal descendants ot soldiers of the Revolu- 
tion, mostly of the third and fourth generations, and has 
also what very few cities or towns in the United States can 
boast, a daughter of a soldier uf the Revolution. This is 
Mrs. Sarah tairchild, of Washington avenue, now nearly 
ninety years of age. She is the daughter of Job Candee, of 
Oxford, who enlisted Feb. 9, 1779, in Captain Bradley's 
•company of Matrosses (artillery), raised for the defense of 
New Haven. He was discharged Feb. 8, 1780, but re-en- 
listed March 1st in the artillery under Capt. Bradley, and 
served until Jan. 1, 1781, returning to his home during the 
most inclement weather, as wa-; the custom with a great 
number of the patriots during that long contest. In 1781 he 
served in Col. Canheld's regiment, at West Point. He is 
mentioned in the list of Revolutionary pensioners, in 18o2, 
and again in 1840, being then eighty years of age and a 
resident of Oxford. In the records of the Oxford Congre- 
gational Church (of which he became a member |uly '10, 
1788) he is mentioned under date of 1792 as Lieutenant, 
and in the Candee genealogy as Captain in 1802. His 
monument reads — " Capt. Candee was the last survivor of 
nine brothers, whose aggregate ages were 785 ,'4 years, averag- 
ing 9rt% years. Reader, yet a few years or days or months 
pass in silent lapse, and time to you will be no more." 

Charles E. Fairchild received the benefit of an 
-excellent English education, passing through both 
the common and high schools of O.xford, and the 
academy at Newtown. Like many of the bright 
young men of New England, he believed that he 
might better his fortunes by leaving the rock-girt, 
mountain-crested section in which he had been born, 
and at the age of twenty years he carried himself 
and his modest outfit to Tennessee, where for live 
years he filled a clerical position in a store. Re- 
turning East at the end of that time, he found em- 
ployment in the city of New York, with a wholesale 
<lry-goods house, as an accountant. He left this 
position to become a bookkeeper in the ]\Ianufactur- 
crs & Merchants Bank, where he remained fourteen 
years, resigning his jwst to become a traveling sales- 
man for the Fowler Nail Co. ; the territory assigned 

him extended as far west as the Mississippi. He 
left the Fowler Co., in 1876, to accept his present 
position as superintendent and general manager of 
the H. P. & E. Day 2\Ianufacturing Co., of Seymour, 
a concern engaged in the manufacture of hard rub- 
ber goods. Here he has found an ample field for 
the exercise of his rare mental powers, sound judg- 
ment and executive capacity. The plant is one of 
the largest and best-equipped in Connecticut, and 
Mr. Fairchild's strong common sense and tireless 
enersv have contribitted in no small measure to the 
company's remarkable success. He is a director of 
the- Valley National Bank, of Seymour, of which he 
was one of the organizers. 

Mr. Fairchild has been twice married. His 
first wife was Martha W. Davidson, of Brooklyn, 
N. Y., to whom he was united in June, 1862. She 
was a daughter of William A. Davidson, a well- 
known custom house keeper of New York, and was 
a member of the Tabernacle Church, of which Dr. 
T. DeWitt Talmage was pastor. She died in 1887, 
after reaching the age of fifty years. On Sept. 18, 
1888, Air. Fairchild married, for his second wife, Ida 
(Geeren) Coffin, daughter of Alexander and Fran- 
ces (Clark) Geeren, the former one of the success- 
ful brick manufacturers of Catskill, New York. 

The party ties rest lightly on ]Mr. Fairchild, his 
neck bearing no partisan yoke. He votes as his 
intelligence, prompted by his conscience, dictates, 
his natural preference being for men rather than 
partv. His fellow citizens have not failed to rec- 
ognize his keen perceptive mental powers and his 
incorruptible integrity. They have chosen him to 
fill the office of assessor, and to meml>ership on the 
board of relief. While making no bid for popu- 
larity he makes friends as a matter of course, and 
his moral worth coinmands the undisguised respect 
of the community, without distinction of party. He 
is one of the influential members of the Board of 
Trade. Our subject was one of the charter mem- 
bers of the local lodge of the Order of Red Men, 
and has filled many chairs in that organization. His 
residence at No. 25 Washington avenue is one of 
Seymour's most handsome and best-appointed 
homes, and there, in his seventieth year, he enjoys 
the rest which pertains to a serene old age and a 
"conscience void of otfence." Both Air. and Mrs. 
Fairchild are comimunicants of the Episcopal 

WHITE. Prominent among the manufactur- 
ers of Waterbury, for nearly sixty years, have been 
the several members of the White family, sons and 
grandsons of the late Jacob White, of Cromwell, 
formerly Middletown Upper Houses. This fam- 
iiv has descended on both sides from early and dis- 
tinguished New England ancestry. Elder John 
White, with his wife and several children, _ sailed 
from England in 1632 on the ship "Lyon." The 
liead of the family lived at Cambridge, Mass., 
Hartford, Conn, (of which place he was one of the 

■ ' i 1 ; i : .-.J 
''• ."I 

■■■■■ i'';iir. 



original proprietors), and Hadley, Mass. The 
late Luther Chapin White and his brothers (sons 
of Jacob White), of Waterbury, were in the eighth 
generation from Elder John White, the tirst Amer- 
ican ancestor of the family, the line of their de- 
scent being through Capt. Nathaniel. Jacob, John, 
Jacob (2). John "(2). and Jacob (3)." 

(II) Capt. Nathaniel White, son of Elder John, 
born in England, was twice married. His first 
wife. Elizabeth, died, and he married (second) 
Widow Martha Mould. He became in 1650 or 
165 1 one of the original proprietors and first set- 
tlers of -Middletown, Conn., his home being in that 
part of the town formerly called "Upper Houses," 
now Cromwell. He was one of the leading men 
of the Colony and acquired great influence. He 
Avas elected a representative from Middletown to 
the General Court eightv-five times.. 

(III) Jacob White, son of Capt. Nathaniel and 
his wife Elizabeth, born in 1665, married (first) 
in 1692, Deborah Shepherd, and (second) in 1729, 
Widow Rebecca Ranney. He served as constable 
and also as selectman. 

(IV) John \\'hite, son of Jacob, was born in 
1712, at ^Middletown Upper Houses, where he lived 
and died. He married, in 1736, Elizabeth Bord- 

(V) Jacob White (2), son of John, was born 
in 1737, in ]\Iiddletown Upper Houses, where he 
lived and died. He married, in 1760, Lucv Savage. 

(VI) John White (2), son of Jacob (2), bom 
in iMiddletown Upper Houses, married, in 1790, 
Ruth Ranney. He was drowned at sea in 1799. 

(VII) Jacob White (3), son of John (2), born 
1792 in Upper Middletown. married, in 181 5, 
Susan, daughter of Capt. William Sage. She was 
born in 1796. Jacob White was a tanner and 
shoemaker, and in 1819 removed to Sandisfield, 
Mass., where he carried on the business of tan- 
ning for twelve years. He returned to Upper Mid- 
dletown, and resided there chiefly until his death, 
in 1849. His children were: William S., Henry 
S., Luther Chapin, Harriet M., Jacob Watson, 
Abigail E.. Orrin S. and Jane A. 

Capt. William Sage, the maternal grandfather 
of the late Luther Chapin White, was a great- 
grandson of David Sage, a native of Wales. The 
latter was born in 1639, and became one of the 
first settlers of Middletown, in 1652. Capt. Will- 
iam Sage w^as bom in 1748, son of Amos Sage. 
He married Bathsheba Hollister, and they had nine 
sons and five daughters. William Sage was in 
the war of independence. Immediately after the 
battle of Lexington, an event that aroused the 
country to arms, he, like thousands of others, left 
family and business and hastened to the scene of 
conflict, and was at the battle of Bunker Hill. 
He was afterward in other places in this State 
when the citizens were called upon to resist in- 
vasion of the enemy. He died in 1831, lamented 
and respected by all who knew him. 

Luther Chapin White, son of Jacob (3) and 
Susan (Sage) White, was born Dec. 25, 1821, in 
Sandisfield, Mass. Erom the age of ten until he 
was seventeen he passed the time on his father's 
farm, in Cromwell, where he attended the district 
school. At seventeen he was apprenticed to his. 
eldest brother, who was a builder in Aliddletown, 
but owing to an injury from a fall he was com- 
pelled to abandon the business. He then for a 
time was in the employ of L. E. Hicks, of Crom- 
well, a maker of plated door trimmings. In 1841 
he came to Waterbury and entered the employ of 
E. E. Pritchard and H. J. White, manufacturers of 
umbrella trimmings and small brass goods. In 
E)ecember, 1842, he entered the employ of the Sco- 
vill Mfg. Co., remaining some two years. For 
the next six years he was employed as foreman by 
J. S. Norton, a manufacturer of door trimmings, 
in New Haven, Middletown and Meriden. In 
185 1, having invented and patented a valuable 
improvement in the making of burners for "fluid" 
lamps, Mr. White formed a partnership with Frank 
Smith, in Meriden, for their manufacture. Two 
years later they removed their business to Water- 
bury, and in 1853 organized the City }*Ianufac- 
turing Co., of which Mr. White was made presi- 
dent. A year later ]\Ir. Smith died and his inter- 
est was purchased by Mr. White. The latter con- 
tinued in the management of this business for 
fifteen years, although during that time an entire 
change in the character of the articles manufac- 
tured was made, owing to the introduction of coal 
oil and afterward of kerosene. In his important 
field Mr. White was a pioneer, having been the 
maker of the first burners ever made in America 
for utilizing these oils. He was largely interested 
in the numerous inventions and improvements in 
the manufacture of lamp burners which were made 
during this period. The manufacture of these 
goods was carried on in the building of the Bene- 
dict & Bumham Manufacturing Co., on South 
]Main street, and the business developed so rapidly 
that the capacity of the factory was more than 

In 1866 ]Mr. White purchased from the estate 
of his brothers, J. W. and Henry S. White, the 
paper and paper box business established in 1851, 
and associated with him Capt. Alfred Wells, under 
the firm name of White & Wells. They built up 
a large trade in paper and straw board and the 
extensive manufacture of paper boxes, which is 
carried on in the buildings on Bank street, and 
in this line they were closely associated for twenty 
vears. The partnership continued until the death 
of Mr. W^ells, July 11, 1886, after which Mr. White 
became the sole owner of the business. Toward 
the close of 1881 the Southford Paper Co., then 
newly organized, with L. C. White, as president, 
bought out the Southford Mfg. Co., with its pa- 
permill, which had been established since 1853, 
erected new buildings, and entered upon manufac- 



lurinpf straw board and manilla paper on a large 
scale. This company in 1887 ceased operations^ and 
the mill was idle for some tive years, starting up 
a^ain onlv a few weeks before Mr. White's death. 

On July I, 1868, Mr. White sold to the Benedict 
&■ IJurnham Manufacturing Co. all his interest in 
the Citv Manufacturing Co., but retained the but- 
ton back business, which he transferred to the 
buildintr on 15ank street and which was afterward 
conducted by the L. C. White Co. Mr. White 
was the owner, also, of a paper box factory in 
Xaugatuck, and of the Bridgeport Paper Bo.x 

Although really an invalid for many years be- 
fore his death, Mr. White was reluctant to ac- 
knowledge it. even to himself, and exhibited great 
fortitude and courage. \\"hen not actually laid 
aside by illness he applied himself closely to busi- 
ness, exercising a strict watch over details, and 
exhibiting the unwearied diligence which charac- 
terized him in earlier years. The result was visible 
in his marked success as a business man. He was 
not, however, so engrossed in business as to ex- 
clude interest in public affairs, or in the doings 
of the social world. He was fond of good com- 
pany and interested in all that was going on 
around about him. He was of a cheerful and 
hopeful nature, and those with whom he met from 
day to day felt the genial influence of his life. He 
believed in the legitimate pleasure of life, as well 
as in hard work, and sought entertainment and 
profit in travel. There was no important section 
of his own country which he had not visited, and 
he had also traveled abroad. He was a close ob- 
server of men and things, and gave his friends 
not a little pleasure in recounting his adventures 
and describing what he had seen in other places. 

Politically INIr. White was an earnest Republi- 
can, exhibiting in politics, as in other departments 
of life, the whole-souled characteristics which 
made him so attractive to his fellow citizens. In 
religious affairs he held closely, but without a 
particle of bigotry, to the faith in which he was 
brought up. He was for many years a member 
of the First Congregational Church, and took a 
warm interest in its welfare. 

On Nov. 28. 1844, ^J^r. White was married to 
Miss Jane Amelia Closes, of Waterbury, who sur- 
vived him. Their children were : William Henry, 
who died in 1873, ^t the age of twenty-six ; George 
Luther, now a resident of Waterbury; and Mrs. 
Lynde Harrison, of Xew Haven. Luther Chapin 
White died April 5, 1893. 

George Luther White, son of the late Luther 
Chapin White, was born July 15, 1852, in 2\Ieri- 
den. He attended the common schools of Water- 
bury and for a time the school known as the 
"Gunnery," in Washington. Litchfield Co., Conn. 
He was afterward more or less associated with his 
father in his different lines of business until his 
death, and then succeeded to his large business in- 

terests. In January, 1892, he became the man- 
ager of the business of White & Wells, and in 
January, 1895, organized The White & Wells Co., 
as successors to the business of White & Wells, 
and was chosen president and treasurer, and has 
since most etffciently performed the duties of those 
trusts. At the death of his father he became presi- 
dent and treasurer of the L. C. White Co. and still 
holds those offices. He is also vice-president of the 
Xew England Watch Co., of Waterbury, and of 
the Weston Strawlward Co., of St. Mary's, Ohio,, 
and Gas City, Ind. Mr. White ■ is one of the 
younger prominent manufacturers: and business 
men of Waterbury. Socially he is a member of 
the Waterbury Club, and for some nine vears 
j served on the house committee, and from 1899 to- 
1 1901 was its president. Politically he is a Repub- 
i lican. He was a member of the common council 
! in 1890, from the Second ward. He has the confi- 
! dence and esteem of the community to a marked 
j degree. On April 15, 1874, Air. White was mar- 
I ried to Julia Phelps Haring, daughter of James 
Demarest Haring, of Xew York City, and the 
marriage has been blessed with children as follows : 
Caroline Haring, William Henry and George 
Luther, Jr. 

Jacob \Vatson White, son of Jacob and Susan 
(Sage) White, was born Sept. 19. 1827, in Sandis- 
field, Mass. In 183 1 he came to Cromwell, Conn.,, 
with his father's family, and lived the greater part 
of the time until 1850, when he located in Water- 
bury. There, associated with his brother Henry 
S. White, he established, in 185 1, the paper and 
paper box business described in the foregoing, 
which he conducted the remainder of his life. He 
died July 5, 1865, and the business was managed 
by his executors until February, 1866, when it was 
purchased by his brother, Luther C. White. Jacob 
Watson White was one of the original members 
of the Second Congregational Church, in the af- 
fairs of which he took a great interest. He was a 
man of good business ability, and held the confi- 
dence and esteem of his fellow citizens. He mar- 
ried, Oct. 19, 1850. Anna Eliza, daughter of 
Chauncey Wells, of Hartford, and their children 
were: (i) Edward Luther White, born Dec. 12, 
1853, in Waterbury, was prepared for Yale Col- 
lege at Williston Seminary, and. graduated from 
Sheffield Scientific School in 1875. He then en- 
tered the emplov of White & Wells, as manager 
of their business at Bridgeport. On the death of 
Capt. Wells, in 1886, ^Ir. White returned to Wa- 
terl3ury, and was manager of their business hero 
until Jan. i, 1892. when he was appointetl secre- 
tary of the Waterbury Watch Co. He remainci! 
connected with that business until his death, Aug. 
5, 1893. In January, 1876, he was married to 
Laura V., a daughter of Judge James L. Ogden. 
of Jersey City, X. J., and to them were born three 
children. Ogden Watson. Howard Sage and Ed- 
v.-ard Luther. (2j Chauncey Howard White was 




born March 24, 1856, in W'atcrbury, and was ed- 
ucated at Williston Seniinary, Easthampton, Mass. 
He was vice-president of the White & Wells Co., 
at the time of his death, Aug. 23, ujoi. (3) Anna 
S. White. (4) Mary W. White. The mother of 
these died in May, 1862. 

W- ILLIAM A. WATERBURY, one of the best 
known railroad men of Connecticut, and a prom- 
•inent citizen of Xew Haven, is the superintendent 
of the Air Line — Northampton Division of the Xew 
York, Xew Haven & Hartford Railroad. His career 
as a railroad man extends along toward a lialf cen- 
tury, and with but one exception he is tlie oldest, in 
point of service, division superintendent in the em- 
ploy of the Consolidated Railway Company. 

Mr. Waterbury was born ^Nlarch 23, 1838, in 
Stamford, Conn., where the Waterbury family has 
been settled for generations. They have been iden- 
tified with the history of that town from the earliest 
period, taking an active part in public aftairs, and 
an equally active part in the Revolutionary war. 
The members of the family have always commanded 
the highest esteem in their respective communities. 
Enos Waterbury, the grandfather of our subject, 
was one of the most respected citizens of Stamford. 
He lived to the age of ninety. 

Jonathan B. Waterbury, the father of our sub- 
ject, was a native of Stamford. By trade he was 
a blacksmith and wheelwright, and for many years 
he did all the blacksmith work at Stamford for the 
old stage line which ran between Xew York and 
Boston. He also carried on farming at one time 
in his life, and owned much of the land which now 
comprises Strawberry Hill, the most aristocratic 
residence section of Stamford. His spacious home 
of over twenty rooms, was one of the places in 
Stamford noted for hospitality. His family was a 
large one, and they entertained frequently and lav- 
ishly. Mr. Waterbury married Betsy Weed, by 
whom he had three children: Enos, Charles and 
Betsy Ann. For his second wife he married Sallie 
Smith, of Stamford, a daughter of Rev. Frederick 
Smith, a Baptist minister of that city, who had sev- 
eral other children who lived to maturity. To this 
marriage were born ten children : Enos, deceased ; 
.Charles, deceased ; Betsy Ann, deceased ; Elizabeth 
J. ; James A., deceased ; Henn- E., deceased ; George 
A., deceased; Cornelia A.; William A.: and ^^lary 
A., deceased. Elizabeth J. married Andrew Boyd, 
of Stamford, who belonged .to the 28th Conn. V. 
I. George A., who was also in the same regiment, 
was taken prisoner at Port Hudson ; he was in the 
celebrated charge there, known as "The Forlorn 
Hope." Cornelia A. married Samuel W. Meakim, 
a gardener of Flushing, L. L Both Mr. and ]\Irs. 
Waterbury died in Stamford, where they were 
prominent members of the Universalist Church. 
Mr. Waterbury was a Republican. 

The boyhood days of William .\. Waterbury 
were spent in Stamford, where he attended both a 

common and graded school. .\t the age of six- 
teen he went to Bridgeport and clerked for about 
one year. In 1857 he was employed on the Xauga- 
tuck division of what is now the Xew York, Xew 
Haven & tiartford Railroad, as clerk and ticket 
agent at Waterbury, continuing in that capacity for 
five years. At the expiration of that time, he was 
promoted to the position of conductor and general 
ticket agent, serving five years as such, three of 
which he also had the examination of all freight 
receipts for that road. The next position he held 
with the road was that of agent at Waterbury, and 
he was then transferred to Xew York City, and 
made ticket agent there. At that time the Air Line 
: Railroad, running from Middletown to Xew Haven, 
I was being built, and Mr. Waterbury was appointed 
; superintendent of the construction. As soon as it 
was completed he was appointed superintendent of 
: the road, and located stations, etc., on its extension 
for five years, until it was completed to Willimantic, 
Conn., when in October, 1875, he came to Xew Ha- 
ven and took charge of the freighting business at 
Belle Dock, serving ten years ; during nine years of 
■ that time he also served as harbormaster. In 1885 
i Mr. Waterbury was made superintendent of the 
: Air Line and Shore Line, and he retained this posi- 
j tion for three years, but the business then became 
i too extensive for one man to handle, and he dropped 
the work of the Shore Line. After about three 
! years more he was transferred to the Shore Line, 
in the same position, remaining there until Feb. r, 
1901, when he was appointed superintendent of 
the Air Line — X'^orthampton division, having 
charge of about two hundred miles of road. 

In Waterbury, Conn., Dec. 25, i860, Mr. Wat- 
erbury married Miss Alartha E. Kelsey, of Middle- 
town, a native of Xew York City, born June 10, 
1841, daughter of William and Elizabeth Kelsey. 
Four children have been born to Mr. and 'Sirs. Wat- 
erbury: (i) Carrie Amelia married Xelson D. 
Coe, of Winsted, Conn., who is a clerk in the Xew 
York, X'ew Haven & Hartford Railroad offices at 
Xew Haven. Air. and [Mrs. Coe have two children: 
Harriet Waterbun,^ a graduate of the Xew Haven 
high school, class of 1902 ; and Frederick Kelsev. 
(2) Frederick Smith graduated from a hospital col- 
lege of medicine in Louisville, Ky. He is now a 
traveling salesman. He is married and has two 
children — Fred W^ and Lois E. (3) Lyman died 
in infancy. (4) Harriet Elizabeth married Charles 
E. Burton, of Xew Haven, who is a member of the 
firm of George R. Burton & Sons, insurance men, 
of that city; Charles E. Burton is himself a prom- 
inent insurance man, special agent for the American 
Insurance Co., of Philadelphia, with an office in 
Boston. He is also an insurance adjuster. 

In politics ]\lr. Waterbury is a Republican. He 
has served his party as a member of the board of 
aldermen, and was chairman of the Lamp commit- 
tee, which furnished the first electric lights to the 
city. Although repeatedly solicited he has declined 

J ->' 










ii(|^i|l^i^j^,j| .;-.;.:^.i.^tia fri^-.-~-.i-^^ 




any other offices. He is a member of the Masonic 
fraternity, affiliating with Trumbull Lodge, Xo. 
22 • Now Haven Commandery, Xo. 2, K. T. ; and 
Pyramid Temple, INIystic Shrine, of Bridgeport. He 
is' a member and trustee of the Knights Templar 
Club; a member of the board of directors of the 
Masonic IMutual Benefit Association, and treasurer 
of Trumbull Lodge. He is also past regent of Live 
Oak Council, Royal Arcanum : a member and trus- 
tee of the Knights of Honor ; and very popular in 
all these organizations. Both he and his family are 
consistent members of the L'niversalist Church. 

When Mr. Waterbury severed his connections 
with the Shore Line he was presented with a beauti- 
ful silver loving cup, appropriately engraved, to- 
gether with a large framed engrossed set of resolu- 
tions from his men bearing testimony to their appre- 
ciation of him as an official, and their friendship for 
him as a man. ^Ir. Waterbury is a man of unusual 
ability, faithful in the discharge of duties confided in 
him, upright in his dealings, both with his superior 
officers and the men under him, genial in his asso- 
ciations with his friends and fellow townsmen, with 
an untarnished record as a public man arid a private 
-citizen ; and the success which has attended his ef- 
forts is certainly well merited. 

IXGERSOLL. The ancestors of the Xew 
Haven family bearing this name, and their posterity 
in turn, have dwelt for two hundred and fifty or 
more years in X'^ew England, and for one hundred 
and fifty }'ears in X'ew Haven, where they have 
figured conspicuovisly in public aft'airs — Colonial, 
5tate and X^ational. They have here been a family 
of lawyers, men of great eminence in the profession. 
Such names as Hon. Jared, Judge Jonathan, Hon. 
Ralph L, Judge Charles A., Gov. Charles R.. Hon. 
Colin ]NL and son, Hon. George P. Ingersoll, have 
reflected great honor upon the profession, the State, 
the X^ation and the family name, and constitute 
Avithin themselves a family galaxy of distinguished 
lawyers and ptiblic men. 

Hon. Colin '\l. and Hon. Charles R. Ingersoll, 
brothers, still members of the Bar of Xew Haven, 
though in advanced life, are in the sixth generation 
from John Ingersoll, who was at Hartford in 1653 
or earlier, then at Xorthampton and Westfield, 
Mass., respectively. He died in 1684. His third 
wife was Alary Hunt, a granddaughter of Gov. 
Webster. From this John Ingersoll, Colin and 
Charles R. Ingersoll's line of descent is through 
Jonathan, Rev. Jonathan, Judge Jonathan and Ralph 
I. Ingersoll. 

(il) Jonathan Ingersoll, son of John of Hart- 
ford, born in 1681, married in 1712, widow ]\Iiles, 
Avho died in 1748, aged sixty-two years. 2vlr. In- 
gersoll in 1608 was a resident of Mil ford, Con- 

(Ill) Rev. Jonathan Ingersoll, son of Jonathan, 
born about 1713, in Stratford, Conn., married in 
1740, Dorcas, daughter of Rev. Joseph [Moss, of 

Derby. Mr. Ingersoll was graduated from Yale 
College in 1736, and entered the ministry, being 
licensed by the Presbytery of Xew Jersey, at Eliza- 
bethtown, Feb. 15, 1738. He lived for a time in 
Xewark, X. J. On Aug. 8, 1739, he was installed 
pastor of the Ridgefield (Conn.) Congregational 
Church, succeeding Rev. Thomas Hawley, who died 
in 1738, and becoming the Society's second pastor. 
He was a man of fine mind and good heart, and he 
served the church with great faithfulness until his 
death, which occurred Oct. 2, 1778, when he was 
in the sixty-fifth year of his age and the fortieth 
of his ministry. In 1758 he joined the Colonial 
troops as chaplain, on Lake Champlain. He is 
said to have exerted an excellent infiuence on the 
army, and to have been highly respected by the 

( IIII) Hon. Jared Ingersoll, son of Jonathan, 
and brother of Rev. Jonathan, born in 1722, in Mil- 
ford, Conn., married (first) in 1743, Hannah Whit- 
ing, who died in 1779, ^"d (second) in 1780, he 
married Hannah Ailing. He was graduated from 
Yale College in 1742, and soon afterward settled in 
the practice of law in Xew Haven. In 1757 he went 
to Great Britain as the agent of. the Colony, receiv- 
ing a special appointment from the General Assem- 
bly. He went again in 1764, while there was ap- 
pointed to the office of stamp master, and as such 
was famous. In 1770 he was appointed by the 
Crown, Judge of the Vice-'Admiralty Court in the 
Middle district of the Colony, and went to Philadel- 
phia to reside. The office was abolished at the be- 
ginning of the Revolutionar\' war, when he returned 
to X"ew Haven to live, and where his death occurred 
in 1 781. Judge Ingersoll was one of the ablest 
lawyers of his time. He was a remarkably eloquent 
man, and as a lawyer made the cause of his client 
clear to the jury by his power of explicit statement 
and his logical method of reasoning. He was of 
open, frank and engaging manner, and was very- 

(IV) Judge Jonathan Ingersoll, son of Rev. 
Jonathan, born in 1747. in Ridgefield, Conn., mar- 
ried Cjrace, daughter of Ralph Isaacs, of Branford. 
He was graduated from Yale College in 1766, and 
became a lawyer, locating in practice at X'ew Haven, 
where for many years he pursued his profession 
with great industry, fidelity and success. Before he 
had reached middle age, he entered public life by 
the unsolicited suffrages of his fellow citizens, and 
became one of the purest statesmen Connecticut 
has ever had. He was for years a member of the 
General Assembly. He was once elected to the 
Congress of the L'nited States, but declined to ac- 
cept the honor. From 1798 to i8ot he was on the 
Bench of the Superior Court, and in 181 1 he suc- 
ceeded Gov. Smith as Judge of the Supreme Court 
of Errors, and as such served until 1816. He soon 
after re-entered the field of political life, and was 
one of those who did most to secure the final over- 
throw of the Federalists. The Toleration party led 

■jfj; ,r. 






by Judge Ingersoll and Oliver Wolcott carried the 
State in 1818, and they were elected lieutenant-gov- 
ernor and governor, respectively. It had been a 
long struggle of the people against the Legislature, 
and the people had triumphed. Judge Ingersoll 
held the office until after the adoption of the pres- 
ent constitution. He died in Xew Haven, Jan. 12, 

(V) Hon. Charles Anthony Ingersoll, son of 
Judge Jonathan, born Oct. 19, 1798, in Xew Haven, 
married in 1839 r^Iiss Henrietta Sidell, of Xew 
York City. He studied law under the direction of 
his older brother, Hon. Ralph I., and attained emi- 
nence at the Bar, serving as State Attorney from 
1849 to 1853- In the latter year he was appointed 
by President Pierce, Judge of the United States 
District Court of Connecticut, and continued in 
that position until his death Jan. 12, i860. 

(V) Hon. Ralph Is.\acs Ixgersoll, son of 
Judge Jonathan, and the father of Colin M. and 
Hon. Charles Roberts Ingersoll, of X'ew Haven, 
was born Feb. 8, 1789, in Xew Haven. After his 
graduation from Yale College in 1808, he read 
law for two years under Hon. Seth Staples, and 
then opened an office in Xew Haven. The period 
was an interesting one. Pierpont Edwards, able 
and eloquent, had recently been transferred to the 
Bench of the District Court of the United States, 
leaving at the Bar, as its most prominent mem- 
bers, David Daggett, Xathan Smith and S. P. 
Staples, each pre-eminent in his way. It is the 
best evidence of Mr. Ingersoll's energy and talent 
that he was able, in the presence of these strong 
men, first to stand erect, then to attain eminence. 

While still young, 'Sir. Ingersoll became inter- 
ested in politics. Though by birth a Federalist, 
when the question was presented whether Con- 
necticut should longer have a State religion, and 
Congregationalists' be a privileged sect, he, with 
his father and other influential churchmen, took 
the side of equal rights, and in 181 7 became a 
"Tolerationist." As a member of the new partv, 
he was chosen, two years later, to represent X'ew 
Haven (previously a strong Federal town) in the 
Legislature. The session which followed, on ac- 
count of the new constitution, was an important 
one. Mr. Ingersoll immediately took a high po- 
sition among the leaders in debate. He was a 
working member, faithful to his trust, and prob- 
ably the ablest man on h'is side, and was retained 
there until wanted for a higher place. In 1820 
and 1821 he was chairman of the finance commit- 
tee, and in 1824 he was Speaker of the House. 
In 1825 he was elected a representative to Con- 
gress, which election vacated his seat in the Legis- 
lature, to which he had been again chosen. He 
was continued in Congress for eight years, sup- 
porting, the first four, the administration of Presi- 
dent Adams, and afterward acting with the Xa- 
tional Republicans, led by Henry Clay. He served 
for four years on the Ways and Cleans committee, 

the most important committee in the House, and 
during .the last two years held the second place 
on that committee. He was able, industrious and 
vigilant, and from the start rose rapidly and stead- 
ily in the estimation of the public. While a mem- 
ber of Congress Mr. Ingersoll served one tenn 
as Mayor of Xew Haven. -After the expiration of 
his Congressional career, in 1833, he returned to 
Xew Haven and resumed the practice of law. In 
1834 he supported the administration of President 
Jackson. In 1835 Mr. Ingersoll was selected to- 
fill a vacancy in the United States Senate, but de- 
clined the great honor. He several times declined 
nomination for governor when his party was in 
power, and it is stated that he could have had any 
office in the gift of the people. While in Congress 
he became an intimate friend of Mr. Polk, and 
when that gentleman was elected president of the 
United States, in 1846, he appointed ]Mr. Inger- 
soll minister to Russia, w^ithout his knowledge or 
consent. This honor he accepted, and after an 
absence of two years at St. Petersburg gladly re- 
turned to his profession, and for twenty years 
practiced law with unabated vigor and never with 
greater success. He loved the law, and with great 
energy devoted himself to it through a long life. 
He desired to attain excellence and eminence as 
a lawyer; and on that objective point were brought 
to bear the converged forces of his whole nature. 
He had noble endowments of intellect, vigorous 
and well balanced, and obedient to his will, and 
equipped with all -needful adornment. He was a 
hard student of both books and human nature. 

Mr. Ingersoll was noted for the proportionate 
and harmonious development of all his powers. That 
he was an able lawyer, a close thinker, adequate- 
ly learned, and familiar with the whole field of 
practice, all admit. His voice, pleasant, almost 
musical, and of unusual compass, could be heard 
distinctly in its lowest tones. The ready, fluent 
speech, graceful delivery, and active but natural 
gesticulation : the energetic, earnest manner ; and 
the continence which mirrored every thought, all 
contributed to his power as an advocate. While 
his language was select, his argument was clear, 
logical, compact and complete. Eminently per- 
suasive, forgetting nothing and digressing rare- 
ly, he touched lightly on the weaker points, and 
knew where to place the strain. If the chain broke 
the fault was not his. 

Though speaking well, with little premedita- 
tion, Mr. Ingersoll was accustomed to prepare his 
cases thoroughly ; looked at both sides and weighed 
opposing considerations. Well fortified himself, he 
was quick to see and expose an unguarded point 
in the enemv, dexterously driving home his ad- 
vantage. Though when speaking to the Court, or 
a deliberate body, he addressed himself wholly to 
the intellect, using little ornament, when before 
a jury or popular assembly he gave himself more 
liberty, was sometimes impetuous, often eloquent. 

". ",'■■1 ,-; 'it 



On these occasions he would show his power. over 
the common mind, putting- Iiimself in contact with 
those j)rimitive sentiments, convictions and in- 
stincts which He at the foundation 'of human na- 
ture and which are older than reason. With his 
hand on the hidden springs of action, he shaped 
and directed the cerebral movements, awakened 
emotion or quickened the sense of right, carrv- 
ing his auditors whither he would. Says one of 
large experience: "He was the best public speak- 
er I ever saw." In a notable degree he was pos- 
sessed of that personal magnetism bv the aid of 
which the orator sways and sets on tire the sym- 
pathetic multitude. At one time he was witty and 
humorous, at another serious and pathetic, and 
he could be sarcastic. Oppressiion of the weak bv 
the strong he would vehemently denounce ; a pre- 
varicating witness flay, if he could. 

Mr. Ingersoll was an experienced and accom- 
plished writer. Concerning iiis facts he was con- 
scientiously scrupulous, and would state nothing 
which was not wholly and exactly true. Xo man 
ever lived a purer or more exemplary life than he. 
His character was adorned by all the public and 
private virtues. Honorable, manly and just, it is 
believed he was never guilty of a deed of mean- 
ness or conscious wrong. 

Mr. Ingersoll was delicately organized, of 
moderate stature, slender, straight, and of healthy 
constitution. For his size his head was large, full 
in the frontal regions and prominent at the angles. 
He had finely cut features, thin lips, and dark eyes 
well protected by jutting brows. Till nearly 
eighty, with unclouded intellect, he continued his 
practice, and till the last went daily to his office 
when health permitted. There he would sit, writ- 
ing and reading, giving a cordial welcome to any 
friend who might call. His intimate acquaintance 
with political life and character, taken in connec- 
tion with his urbanity, kindness and candor and 
simple dignity, made his conversation extremely 
interesting. He died, without a known enemy, 
Aug. 26, 1872. In his last years he was a com- 
municant of Trinity Church. 

On Feb. 10, 1814, Mr. Ingersoll was marnied 
to Miss Margaret Van den Heuvel, of Dutch par- 
entage, of New York, a lady of great energy and 

Hon. Ch.\rles Roberts Ingersoll, son of 
Hon. Ralph Isaacs Ingersoll, is a native of New 
Haven, where his birth occurred Sept. 16, 1821. 
He received his primary education in the private 
schools of his native city and also attended the 
Hopkins Grammar School. He then entered Yale 
College, from which he was graduated in the class 
of 1840. It was next hjis privilege to spend two 
years abroad, as a member of the official family 
of his uncle, Capt. \'oorhes Ingersoll, then com- 
mander of the U. S. Frigate "Preble." Return- 
ing to the United States and to his home in New 
Haven, young Ingersoll spent two years in Yale 

Law School, having such instructors as Judge 
Samuel J. Hitchcock, Chief Justice David Daggett 
and Hon. Isaac H. Townsend. xA.fter his admis- 
sion to the Bar in New Haven county, in 1845, 
he settled in practice in his native city, associat- 
ing himself with his father, with whom he con- 
tinued more or less for nearly thirty years, and 
on the death of the father, in 1872, succeeded him, 
and is still active in the profession. During all 
this long period Gov. Ingersoll has figured prom- 
inently in the profession, and has been connected 
with many of the most important cases in the sec- 
tion, and he has also been of great usefulness as 
a citizen, giving invaluable public service to the 
city and State. 

At the very outset of his career voung Inger- 
soll, like his distinguished father and forefathers, 
became interested in politics, and like them, too, 
offices and public trusts sought him and not he 
them. It has been said of him, "He has declined 
more nominations than he has accepted, and re- 
fused more offices than he has filled." In 1856, 
1858, 1866 and 1871 he served as a representative 
from New Haven in the General Assembly, and 
was accorded influential places on important com- 
mittees. He declined a nomination for State Sen- 
ator, at a time when his party was in power and 
he would have been almost sure of an election. 
In 1864 he was a member of the National Demo- 
cratic Convention at Chicago, which nominated 
Gen. McClellan for president, and served on the 
committee on Resolutions. Again in 1872 he was 
a delegate to the National Convention, at Balti- 
more, which nominated Horace Greeley, and served 
as chairman of the Connecticut Delegation. In 
1873 the Democratic party nominated Mr. Inger- 
soll for governor, an honor unsought. He was 
elected, running far ahead of his ticket, gave the 
State a clean and judicious administration, and so 
eminently satisfactory were his services that he 
was re-nominated and re-elected to that high of- 
fice, receiving a majority of more than seven thou- 
sand. Again in 1875 his name was presented, and 
he received the highest number of votes up to that 
time ever polled for governor. During this term 
Gov. Ingersoll signed the bill, which had received 
a two-thirds vote of each House, providing for 
submitting to the people an amendment to the Con- 
stitution of the State which made an official term 
of all State officers and State senators biennial, 
changed the date of annual election from April to 
November and terminated his own duties in Jan- 
uary, 1877. }ilr. Ingersoll had the honor of be- 
ing one of the Centennial Governors of the sev- 
eral States composing the American Republic in 
1776. Gov. Ingersoll was largely instrumental for 
the creditable representation of Connecticut Man- 
ufacturers at the Centennial at Philadelphia. On 
his retiring from the executive chair he had the 
praise and admiration of both Democrats and Re- 
publicans. Said one of the Republican papers at 

■) 1 ■: 

1 ■; ■ '"it 

" ;■= )■;;:'■ '> . :-.\: . j 



the time : "\'ery few men could be named for the 
■office by that ( Democratic j party in whose sue-, 
cess the people of opposing views would so cheer- 
fully acquiesce." Gov. Ingersoll is a lawyer of 
great ability, a dignified, scholarly and cultured 
gentleman, afifable and courteous. In 1874 Yale 
College conferred on him the degree of LL. D. A 
writer in the University magazine thus referred 
to the governor : 

"Governor Ingersoll's record in public life is 
•one which most statesmen can only hope for 
and envy, and it has received the praise of his 
bitterest political opponents. His career as a legal 
practitioner in New Haven is such as to make his 
snow-white head, his military bearing and his 
-charming personality a bv-word throughout the 

On Dec. 18, 1847, Gov. Ingersoll was married 
to Virginia, daughter of Rear-Admiral Francis H. 
Gregory, of New Haven, and the union has been 
blessed with children as follows : Justine Henri- 
etta; Francis G., with the Standard Trust Com- 
pany, of New York City; Mrginia G., who married 
Harry T. Gause, of Wilmington, Del. ; and Eliza- 
beth Shaw, who married George G. Haven, of New 

ENOCH H. SOMERS (deceased), in his Hfe- 

time one of the public spirited and highly esteemed 

•citizens of West Haven, was born in the town of 

Orange, June 15, 1827, a son of Enoch and Sarah 

(Downs) Somers, and died Feb. 2, 1894. 

Enoch Somers, his father, was born in the town 
of Orange, and passed his life there successfully en- 
gaged in farming. He died at the age of sixty-five, 
.^nd his remains rest in the old cemetery. West Ha- 
ven. He was a man of local prominence, a cap- 
lain of the Orange militia, and possessed large in- 
fluence. By his wife, Sarah Downs, of Orange, 
who died in her forty-seventh year, he had two chil- 
dren. In his religious belief he was a L'niversalist, 
while his wife was a Congregationalist. 

Enoch H. Somers passed his early boyhood upon 
the paternal farm, but at the age of fourteen went 
to the city of New York, where he acquired an ex- 
-cellent common school education. His first practi- 
cal business experience was acquired as a clerk for 
the old and well known pawnbroker, William Simp- 
son, whose name was long a synonym for integrity. 
After some years he was admitted into partnership 
with his former employer, and remained a member 
of the firm for nearly forty years. On his retire- 
ment, he selected West Haven as his home, and 
there he purchased the house now occupied by }»Irs. 
Somers, in which he resided until his death, at the 
age of sixty-five. He was active in public at¥airs 
and a man of influence in the community, although 
persistentlv declining nomination for oftice. While 
not a conmuinicant, he was an attendant upon the 
Congregational Church, as is also his widow. 

On Dec. 3, 1850, 3tlr. Somers was married to 

Eliza A. Durand, born in West Haven, but whose 
father, Alvah J. Durand, was a native of Milford. 
Eight children, three of whom died in infancy, were 
born of this union: Carrie A. is the wife of Dr. 
F. M. Wilson, of Bridgeport, and has two daugh- 
ters — Ethel S. and Helen B. Elmer E. was pro- 
prietor of a factor}' for the manufacture of decor- 
ated tin boxes in Brooklyn, N. Y., but is now a 
broker of that city (he married Flelen A. Gage, 
and has one daughter — Alabel B.). Alvah D. lives 
at home with his mother, while his twin sister, Addie 
D., is the wife of Harry D. Sutton, of West Haven, 
and has one daughter, Gladys A. William Y., the 
youngest living child, is a successful actor, and re- 
sides in West Haven. Those deceased are Elcie E., 
Wilfred I. and Charles H. All these children were 
born in New York City, where the first twenty years 
of their parents' married life were spent. The fam- 
ily home has been in West Haven, at the intersec- 
tion of Elm street and Campbell avenue, some thirty 
years or more, and the comfortable house has been 
enlarged and beautified since its early days. Mrs. 
Somers, who is one of the best known and most uni- 
versally beloved residents of West Haven, is pass- 
ing the evening of her life in this beautiful, richly 
furnished home. 

Mrs. Somers' ancestry is French, and her great- 
great-grandfather was among the early settlers of 
Milford, and was a man of distinction and influence. 
Her grandfather, Lemuel Durand, was born in ]\Iil- 
ford, and served as a soldier in the war of 1812 ; he 
was a famier and ended his days in Milford, dving 
in his eightieth year. His wife (Mrs. Somers' grand- 
mother), Catherine Smith, was also of Orange, and 
became the mother of five children, all of whom are 
dead, and she, herself, entered into rest after round- 
ing out her eightieth year. 

Alvah J. Durand, the father of Mrs. Somers, 
was born in 1800, and was a farmer by occupation. 
He removed from Milford to Orange in early life, 
becoming a man of substance and influence, and 
passed away after reaching the age of four score 
years. He married Sarah A. Piatt, born in Orange, 
a daughter of, and one of eleven children born to, 
Nathaniel and Catherine (Alerrick) Piatt. She 
died in 1875 at the age of seventy-one. Mr. Durand 
and. his wife were the parents of four children, two 
of whom are living: Mrs. Som.ers ; and Charlotte, 
the elder, who is the widow of Thoiuas D. Cousins, 
whom she married in New York : Mr. Cousins was 
killed in an accident on the N. H. & H. R. R., and 
his widow resides in Virginia. Both Mr. and Mrs. 
Alvah J. Durand were prominent and consistent 
members of the Congregational Church of West 

ALDEN H. HILL. Honored and respected 
by all, there is no man in North Branford who oc- 
cupies a more enviable position in business circles 
than Alden H. Hill, not alone on account of the 
wonderful success that he has achieved, but also 


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on account of the honorable, straightforward busi- 
ness pohcy lie has ever followed. He possesses 
I'.ntirin"- energy, is quick of perception, forms his 
plans readily and is determined in their execution ; 
and his clo^e application to business and his excel- 
lent nianairement have brought to him the pros- 
perity winch is to-day his. 

Mr. Hill was born Sept. 4, 1831, in Killing- 
worth, Middlesex Co., Conn., of which place his 
parents, Arden and Flora (Davis) Hill, were also 
natives, and the latter was a daughter of Leonard 
Davis. Throughout life the father of our subject 
engaged in farming, and died at the age of sixty- 
four years. In his' family were nine children, two 
sons and seven daughters, all of whom are now de- 
ceased, with the exception of our subject. The 
others were Marilla, wife of Hiram Thompson ; 
Betsey, wife of James L. Chatfield, of Killing- 
worth ; Rachel, wife of Henry Francis, of the same 
place; Diantha, wife of William J. Hall, of North- 
ampton, Mass. ; Mabel, wife of Mathias G. Frank- 
lin, of Killingworth ; ]^Iaria, who tirst married 
Charles Franklin, of Killingworth, who died in 
Libby prison during the Civil war, and second 
married Joseph Davey, of Big Rapids, Mich. ; 
Sarah, who remained unmarried; and a son, who 
died in infancy. 

His parents' being in limited circumstances, Air. 
Hill's educational advantages were limited to three 
months' attendance at the district schools in the 
vvinter, and at the age of fifteen years he began 
to assist in the support of the family. His first 
employment away from home was as a farm 
laborer, at which he made $70, but as a wealthy 
neighbor held his father's note for that amount, 
he asked for the same and in return handed over 
his first earnings to pay hisi father's debt, as it 
was more than the latter could do to provide for 
his large family. At the age of seventeen years 
Alden H. Hill began shop work, and on attaining 
his majority came to North Branford, where he 
secured employment in a saw and feed mill. In 
1865 he embarked in business on his own account. 
He purchased land and lumber, and engaged in 
ship building for fifteen years, and also became an 
extensive ship owner. In the years that have since 
passed he has lost $23,000 in floating property from 
storms, etc., having seven vessels- lost at sea. He 
has continued to purchase stock in dilTerent ves- 
sels since 1876. He now operates a sawmill on 
his property in North Branford and manufactures 
various kinds of lumber, which his ships carry as 
far south as Galveston, Texas, while others are 
engaged in the coasting trade between New Haven, 
Norfolk, Charleston and Mexican and South 
American ports. His landed possessions in North 
Branford consist of 300 acres, of farm and timber 

' On Nov. 18. 1879, ^Ir. Hill was united in mar- 
riage with Miss Sarah E. Page, who received a 
thorough education and successfully engaged in 

teaching school in her native town for a number 
of years. Her father, Judson Page, one of the 
leading men of his time in North Branford, was 
born in 1816, and died Feb. 5, 1862. He engaged 
in farming and also taught school for many years. 
Politically he was a stanch Democrat, and was 
called upon to fill the ofiices of school visitor, as- 
sessor, and selectman for many years. He was 
also an active and prominent member of the Con- 
gregational Church, and a member of the So- 
ciety's committee. Judson Page married Mariette 
Thompson, who was born April 14, 1817, and died 
in August, 1851. Her parents were Anson and 
Sally (Barnes) Thompson, the former born Jan. 
25, 1792, the latter, Dec. i, 1791, and they were 
married May i, 1816; their other children were 
George W., born Dec. 29, 1819; Daniel B., Alay 
18, 1824; and Merwin S., Dec. 21, 1828. Mrs. 
Hill's brother, Herbert O. Page, a resident of 
North Branford, was married Oct. 23, 1876, to« 
Betsey R. Baldwin, and has two children, a son. 
and daughter. Mr. Hill and his wife have two 
children: Raymond T., born Jan. 11, 1883; and 
Alden J., born Aug. 12, 1886. The elder son is 
now a student at Yale, where he entered in 1900, 
and the younger is at Morgan's School at Clinton, 

Mr. Hill is a consistent member and liberal sup- 
porter of the Congregational Church, and has long 
served as a member of its Society's committee. In 
his political affiliations he is a Republican. He was 
a member of the Legislature in 1877. and served 
on the fishery committee ; filled the office of select- 
man for eight years and three months ; and at 
various times has acted as appraiser of lands for 
water and insurance companies and railroad cor- 
porations. He is undoubtedly the most prominent 
man in North Branford, and his popularity is well 
deserved, as in him are embraced the characteris- 
tics of an unbending integrity, unabated energy 
and industry, that never flags. He is what the 
world terms a self-made man, and his life record 
is well worthy of emulation. 

ceased), well known as one of the most ingenious 
mechanics in Connecticut, was descended from one 
of the oldest families in New England, the name 
originally being spelled Andrus. 

(I) John Andrus was one of the early settlers, 
and in 1672 one of the eighty-four proprietors of 
the ancient town of Tunxis (Farmington j. Conn. 
Air. Andrus was a plain farmer of common intelli- 
gence. His farm was situated on the east side of 
the river, about two miles north of the village of 
Farmington, and isi still cultivated by Andrews, 
who are his direct descendants. His wife's name 
was Mary, and both were members of the churcii 
there. He died in 1681, and she died in 1694. 

(II) Benjamin Andrews, son of John, the set- 
tler, born in 1659, was married in 1682 to Mary 


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Smith. He lived on, and inherited, the homestead 
of his father. JJoth he and his wife united with 
the church in Farmington Jan. 3, 1686-7. ^lis wife, 
Mary, died in 1707, and he died in 1727. 

(III) James' Andrews, son of Benjamin, born 
Aug. I, 1700, was married in 1730, to EHzabeth 
Gillet, of Suffield, Conn. He inherited and hved 
on the homestead of his father and grandfather. 
His wife joined the church soon after her mar- 
riage. ]\Ir. Andrews died July 18, 1761. 

(IV) Elijah Andrews, son of James, born in 
1731, was married in 1761, to Sarah, daughter 
of Timothy Thompson, of Avon. Elijah Andrews 
was by trade and occupation a goldsmith, and he 
lived in Farmington on the east side of the road 
nearly opposite the house of John, the tirst set- 
tler. He died in 1803, and his widow passed away 
in 1814. 

(V) James Andrews (2), son of Elijah, born 
Nov. 22, 1762, was married March 13, 1791. to 
Eunice Gillette, of Xorthington, born Jan. 19, 
1768. ■ Mr. Andrews was a farmer, and a soldier 
of the Revolution. He lived on. or near, the old 
home farm of his ancestors, and his death occurred 
May 31, 1845. 

(VI) Romeo Andrews, son of James (2), w^as 
born Jan. 16, 1796, at the old home of his father 
in Farmington. He was married Jan. i, 1824. to 
Serepta Gillett, of Avon, born in Fannington, Sept. 
16, 1803, daughter of Obadiah and Rosanna (Pet- 
tibone) Gillett. Mr. Andrews located at the cen- 
tre of East Avon, near the church and railroad. He 
was a joiner by trade. He was a wealthy farmer 
and fuse maker, and a substantial and worthy man. 
He died in Avon Jan. 23, 1867, aged seventy-one 
years. His widow survived him and died at the 
age of seventy-nine. Their children were : Albert 
Franklin, Robert Nelson, Jenette, ^Nlary E.. Mary 
C. and John H., of wdiom Mary E. and ^lary C. 
both died young. 

Albert Franklin Andrews was born at Avon, 
Hartford Co., Conn., Sept. 16, 1824. and acquired 
his education in the schools of his native town and 
at the academy at Westtield. INlass. In his youth 
he traveled extensively and lectured on phrenol- 
ogy with Prof. Fowler, but later taught school in 
New Jersey. He made many useful and valuable 
mechanical and chemical inventions, a few of 
which are enumerated hereafter. In 1852. with 
his father and brother, he established the Safety 
Fuse Manufacturing Co., known as R. Andrews 
& Co., at Avon, using the methods and machinery 
for making the Endless Safety Fuse, of which he 
was the original inventor. This company, now- 
known as the Clima.x Fuse Co., is still in success- 
ful operation and forms the principal industry at 
Avon. In 1862 Mr. Andrews invented machinery 
for making hats from paper pulp and similar ma- 
terials. He also, at about this time, made great 
progress dn the art of extracting aluminum from 
clay; in 1869 he made some useful and valuable 

inventions connected with the preparation of flax 
for use in the textile industries; in 1876-79 he 
invented and perfected processes for making mal- 
leable iron and fine steel directly from common 
iron castings. 

In 1881 he again assumed an active interest in 
the fuse making concern of R. Andrews & Co., 
v/hich he shortly after reorganized as the Climax 
Fuse Co., and which he operated very suc- 
cessfully until his retirement in 1889. Dur- 
ing this period he made many valuable in- 
ventions and improvements in the art of mak- 
ing safety fuse. He died in 1896, .when sev- 
enty-one years old. An able man of rare me- 
chanical ability, he showed his great originality by 
working out all his plans unaided. He was a 
prominent man in public affairs, and independent 
in his thinking. In the days of the old Greenback 
party, Mr. Andrews was its candidate for repre- 
sentative in the State Legislature, and also for 
governor. He was a fluent speaker, and at one 
time .was a familiar figure on the lecture platform. 
He was a member of the Congregational Church. 

On June 4. 1856, ^Ir. Andrews married Lou- 
isa M. Alford, who was born Feb. 22, 1831, a 
daughter of Daniel M. Alford. One daughter 
blessed this union, Isabel Tyler, now the wife of 
George A. Saunders, a manufacturer and merchant 
at Xew Haven, Conn., and the mother of three 
children : Winifred Andrews, Aretas Andrews and 

Daniel M. Alford, father of Mrs. Andrews, 
was born in Avon, one of the two sons of Samuel 
Alford, a farmer of that town. He became a 
prominent man, and, as a Democrat, held a number 
of the offices, among them justice of the peace, 
judge of probate, selectman, etc. His death oc- 
curred when he was seventy-seven years of age. 
He married Emira Mills, who was lx>m in Can- 
ton, a daughter of Joel Mills, grandson of John 
Mills, a Baptist clergyman. Of the eight chil- 
dren born of this marriage four are now living, as 
tollows : Mrs. Albert F. Andrews : Mrs. Asa Hos- 
kins, a widow residing in Simsbury ; Mrs. Sarah 
J. Mallory, of Bristol; and Frank X., of Avon. 
The mother of these passed away at the age of 
seventy-nine, in the faith of the Baptist Church. 

JOHN BUNTING, a representative farmer, 
and fruit grower of Cheshire, New Haven coun- 
ty, was born in the Town of ]Moy, County Tyrone, 
Ireland, iXIarch 28, 1837, a son of Robert and 
Elizabeth (Martin) Bunting, also natives of that 
country, where they continued to make their home 
throughout life. The father, who was by occupa- 
tion a farmer, died in 1876, and the mother de- 
parted this life in 1891. Of their six children only 
two are now living: John and William, and, with 
the exception of one mentioned below, John is the 
onlv one who left Ireland. One son, Thomas, came 
to America in 1871, and after spending one sum- 

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mer in Saybrook, Conn., went to New York City, 
where his death occurred in 1896. 

Reared in his native land, John Bunting ob- 
tained his education in its pubhc schools. De- 
termined to try his fortune in the Xew World, 
where he believed better opportunities were afford- 
ed ambitious young men, he sailed from Liverpool, 
England, Alay i, 18C3, on a sailing vessel and 
landed in New York July 5, the day following the 
great riot. The following December he came to 
r^Ieriden, Conn., where he worked at farm labor 
for Deacon Allen twelve years, and in 1877 he 
purchased the well-known Beach fann in Cheshire, 
to the cultivation and improvement of which he 
has since devoted his energies. He is engaged in 
general fanning and fruit-growing, and has met 
with well-deserved success in his labors. 

In ^leriden, in 1882, Mr. Bunting was united 
in marriage with Miss Ida Alenkirk. a native of 
Holland and a daughter of Louis A. and Ellen 
( Am.elinxeen) Alenkirk, who emigrated to Amer- 
ica in 1881 and located in Meriden, Conn., where 
the father died in 1891, but the mother is still liv- 
ing there. 'Mr. and Mrs. Bunting have one child 
living, Elizabeth; Anna died' Jan. 2, 1896; and 
Robert died Jan. 4, 1896. 

GEORGE F. PECKHAM, one of the highly re- 
spected and well-known retired business men of 
Xew Haven, is a native of this city, having been 
born here Aug. 8, 1836, a son of Charles \V. and 
Elizabeth P. (Coggeshall) Peckham, and a grand- 
son of George Peckham, a cooper of Xew Haven, 
where he married a Miss Merwin, of Milford. 

Charles \V. Peckham was a cabinet-maker and 
resided in Xew Haven all his life, dying there in 
October, 1842. His wife was a native of Milford, 
Conn., a daughter of Capt. Freegift Coggeshall, 
and died on May 16, 1882, the mother of nine chil- 
dren: Charles, born May 14, 1829, died Dec. 13, 
1831 ; Caroline E., born January, 183 1, died Dec. 26, 
1831 ; Charles W., born in 1833, now resides in West 
Haven ; Sarah E., born Oct. 23, 1834. married 
William H. Lawrence, of Xew Haven ; George F., 
our subject; Harry W.. born Aug. i, 1838, died 
Oct. 18, 1842: David H., born July 8, 1839, died 
Sept. 2, 1843 ■' ^lartha C, born April 26, 1841, is the 
widow of Albert E. Barnett. of Xew Haven: Mary 
C, born June 16, 1843. f^i^^l o" Oct. 6, 1843. The 
father was a Whig in politics, and the family were 

George F. Peckham grew to manhood in his 
native citV, attending the excellent public schools, 
as well as the private one of Amos Smith. After 
finishing school, he took up harness making, and 
followed that calling for three years and then learned 
the trade of carriage trimmer under Ribert Sizer. 
continuing with him three years. Flis knowledge of 
the harness maker's trade was of great help to him 
in taking up the carriage trimmer's trade, which 
he learned rapidly, as after but one month he was 

put at trimming a carriage. Ordinarily an appren- 
tice was supposed to work two or two and a half 
years before he was put on such work. He took 
contracts in carriage trimming, and before he was 
twenty years old, his net profits were at times as 
high as $60.00 per week. He then spent three years 
in the freight department of the X. Y., X. H. & H. 
R. R. Mr. Peckham ne.xt became a clerk in a gro- 
cery establishment, continuing in that capacity for 
about eight years. Having learned all the details 
of this line of business, in 1872, he established a 
grocery store on the corner of Howard and Congress 
avenues, where he remained until February, 1890, 
when he retired with a comfortable competence. He 
began mercantile business on small capital, but his 
credit was good, and all during his eighteen years 
of business his credit remained gilt edge. In 1891 
he built his excellent home at Xo. 412 Howard ave- 
nue, in which vicinity he owns some valuable real 

On March i, 1859, Mr. Peckham married Mary 
A. Glennon, a native of Ireland, who was reared in 
Xew Haven, and to this marriage seven children 
were born: Ella L., born Dec. 17, 1859, died Jan. 
16, 1900, married Joseph McGuire, of New Haven, 
and had one son; Alary E., born July 17, 1862; died 
July 13, 1865; George F., born Oct. 8, 1864, died 
Alarch 9, 1867; Charles W., born Dec. 18, 1866, 
died Alay 10, 1871 ; George H., born Oct. 23, 1872, 
is an electrician, married, and has a son, George X. ; 
Albert W., born Sept. 16, 1874, died Aug. 26, 1880; 
Alartha B., born March 11, 1869. married Joseph 
F. Hubon, of X'ew Haven, and has four children. 
In political affiliations, Mr. Peckham is a Democrat, 
and fraternally is connected with Hiram Lodge, Xo. 
I, F. & A. M.; also with the Knights of Honor, 
Sherman Lodge. Both he and his estimable wife 
have many friends, whose good will they have 
gained through their excellent qualities and pleas- 
ing personalities, and are justly numbered among 
the representative people of Xew Haven. 

CHARLES A. ROBERTS (deceased), who 
during his life was a well-known and highly-es- 
teemed citizen of Meriden, was born in the town 
of Middletown, Conn., March 3, 1828, and was a 
descendant of an old and deservedly famous fam- 
ily of Connecticut. 

Ambrose Roberts, his father, was born in Mid- 
dlesex county. Conn., and in his lifetime sustained 
a good name as a citizen of Middletown, where he 
was engaged in agricultural pursuits, and where 
he died. 

Charles A. Roberts was educated in the public 
schools of his native town and grew up on the 
homestead farm. While still a lad he learned the 
tinner's' trade with P. J. Clark, of Meriden. with 
whom he worked m^any years. Later in life he 
began in business for himself as a manufacturer 
of novelties, securing a large patronage. His 
death occurred in Aleriden, Oct. 29, 1872. and his 

I' -^l 



remains were laid to rest in the West cemetery of 
that city. He was noted for his honesty and up- 
right character, and was well-known and highly 
respected. His spirits were genial, and his man- 
ners pleasant and attractive. A devoted hushand 
and an upright citizen, his personal standing was 
beyond question. He was a stockholder and di- 
rector in the First National Eank of Meriden, and 
was also a member of the Meriden City Council. 
In politics he belonged to the Democratic party. 
In traternity circles, he was a ^Master Alason. and 
was affiliated with Center Lodge, No. 97, A. F. 
& A. AI. Domestic in his habits, he was broad- 
minded and well-read, being thoroughly posted on 
all the leading events of the day. He and his wife 
attended the Cniversalist Church. 

Mr. Roberts was married in 1853 to Miss 
Belinda Shailer Adams, who was born in the town 
of Suffield, Conn., a daughter of John and Betsy 
(Snow) Adams, both of whom were natives of 
Suffield, where they lived and died. None of the 
children born to Mr. and Mrs. Roberts grew to 

LINUS MEAD, president and sole owner of 
the Crystal Ice Co.. of New Haven, was born in 
Lewisboro, N. Y.. Sept. 20, 1835, son of Richard 
and Hannah (Keeler) Mead. The family was early 
settled in Greenwich, Conn., where two brothers of 
the name, of English birth, settled in 1660. 

Solomon Mead, the great-grandfather of our 
subject, was born there. Fie was the first minister 
of the Presbyterian Church in South Salem, N. Y. 
His son Clark, the grandfather of our subject, mar- 
ried Lois Gilbert, of South Salem, and they had a 
family of four sons and three daughters, all now 
deceased. Clark Mead died at the age of sixty-three 
years. His wife, who was a consistent member of 
the Presbyterian Church, died at the age of seventy- 
nine years. 

Richard ]Mead, the father of our subject, was 
reared on a farm, and received a part of the 
old homestead as his portion of his father's estate. 
He died there at the age of eighty years. He mar- 
ried Hannah Keeler, a daughter of Ammi and 
Phoebe (Strang) Keeler, the former of whom was 
a farmer in Lewisboro. Mrs. Keeler, who was one 
of a family of thirteen children, lived to be over 
eighty years of age, as did all the family except one. 
She had two children : Hannah, the mother of our 
subject ; and Henry, who was during his life a prom- 
inent man, well known in his section of New York 
State. The parents of our subject reared five chil- 
dren, all sons, and all of whom survive: Solomon, 
whose sketch appears in another part of this vol- 
ume; Clark, who resides near the old homestead in 
South Salem: Linus, our subject; Henry, "a resi- 
dent of New Haven ; and Stephen S., who formerly 
resided in New Haven, but now lives on the old 
home farm in New York State. The beloved mother 
still survives at the advanced age of ninety-six years, 

in good health and in full possession of all her fac- 
ulties. In 1832 she and her husband became mem- 
bers of the Presbyterian Church, in which he served 
as trustee. 

The early years of Linus Mead were spent on 
the farm and in attendance in the common schools- 
of his locality. At the age of eighteen years he 
came to New Haven, but two years later returned to 
South Salemi and engaged in farming and other 
kinds of work in that neighborhood. Some two 
' years later he married, ana then bought a farm of 
i his father-in-law, but some time later sold it and 
; removed to Bedford, N. Y., where he was foreman 
; on a stock farm, and was also engaged in the busi- 
ness of buying and selling cattle and poultry, suc- 
! cessfully conducting this enterprise for some time. 
\ He then went to Poughkeepsie, N. Y., where he 
i was engaged as a farm manager on the farm of one 
■ Burell, a grandson of John Jacob Astor, remain- 
ing for two years, and then spent two years in the 
j same capacity on the land of M. S. Beach, editor 
of the New York Sun, near Poughkeepsie. He 
then removed to New Haven and built his present 
residence, entering into the foundry business with 
his brother, Solomon 2\Iead. Later Air. Mead re- 
turned to Salem, where he spent one year. Later 
he managed a business west of New Haven, at 
Tyler's Shore, Conn., for Mrs. Tyler. Here, in 
1877, Mrs. Alead died, at the age of forty years. 
Her maiden name was Sarah E. Bouton, and she 
was born in Lewisboro, a daughter of Linus and 
Laura (Pardee) Bouton. Linus Bouton was a far- 
mer, and died at the age of sixty years ; his widow 
survived until the age of ninety-two, dying in 1900. 
They had three children, the survivor being Mrs. 
Laura V. Bennett, of Pulteney, N. Y. One son 
was born to Mr. and Mrs. Alead, Frederick L.,. 
who was educated in the public schools, and at the 
age of eighteen engaged with his father as book- 
keeper. Later he was made secretary of the ice 
company, and now assists in a general way. In 
1886 he married Alice L. Russell, a native of the 
town of Orange, and a daughter of William AL 
Russell, who is a prominent man- in that town, and 
the present assessor. Two children have been born 
of this marriage, Alay E. and Walter Llewellyn. 

About 1878 Mr. Alead went into the ice business, 
beginning in a small way, and gradually increasing 
— employment being given at present to some thirty- 
five men and from twenty-eight to thirty horses, 
during the busy season. The harvest consists of 
some 20,000 tons of ice, which is sold both retail 
and wholesale. A track has been constructed for 
the transportation of the ice, and every modern 
method is used for expeditious handling. The first 
ice-house was fifty feet square, and the ice was put 
in by hand. Soon after four other houses were 
erected, each 25x60 feet in dimensions, and still 
another 40x60 was soon required, and another 35 
x6o. Two years later another — 50x75 — was added, 
and two years later the business was so extended. 

J.^ . ..-I 

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tliat he built another house, 35x75. The business 
continued to expand, Mr. Alead buying out another 
dealer, antl adding a O,ooo-ton ice-house. In 1S90 
lie shippe<I all of his ice from Maine, no ice forming 
in Xew liaveir or elsewhere in Connecticut, and 
in I'cbruary, 1891, in company with two other deal- 
ers, he put up a large storage house, having a ca- 
l)acity of 15.000 tons, at Congamond Lake, Alass. 
Tiiis is kept filled for an emergency, and during the 
ten years has been filled and emptied five times. 
Mr. Mead's business has increased from 1,200 tons 
to 20,000 tons annually, and he has become one of 
the financial factors of the city of Xew Haven. 
Mr. Mead's residence is in the Second Ward, in 
which vicinity he owns quite extensively of real 
estate. He has not only built his own residence, but 
also that of his son, and has constructed all his own 
ice houses, in which he has made use of all modern 

Air. Mead's second marriage was to Harriet L. 
Hoyt, who was born in Lewisboro, and two children 
have been born of this union : Clarence Hoyt ; and 
Florence Greenley, who died when tW'O months old. 
In politics Mr. Mead has been a lifelong Republi- 
can (his son also being a member of that party and 
has served in the city council. He is a member of 
the I. O. O. F., and prominent in that Society). He 
has alwavs been interested in religious work. For- 
merly he was a deacon in the church in Hyde Park, 
N. Y., and superintendent in the Sunday-school. 
At present the family attend the Plymouth Church, 
of Xew Haven, and Frederick L. Mead is librarian 
and usher in the Dwight Place Church, where his 
father was formerly librarian. As an item of in- 
terest it may be mentioned that the great-grand- 
father of Mrs. Mead was a great musician, and 
was the first one to ring the chimes of Trinity 
Church, New York. 

Mr. Mead has been a successful man in business, 
and is a strong temperance advocate, being an ab- 
stainer from the use of tobacco and liquors, and 
while on the farm in his early days believed in the 
old saying: 

"That he who by farming would thrive 
Must himself either hold or drive; 
Work hard all day. 
Sleep hard all night, 
Save every cent. 
And never get tight." 

HOMER LEVI COOPER. The name "Ridge 
Farm" carries with it a guarantee of superior ex- 
cellence in dairy products. This farm has ,been 
in the possession of the Cooper family for a num- 
ber of years, and is a well-known tract in the vi- 
cinity of Xorth Haven, Conn., where it is success- 
fully managed by its owner. Homer Levi Cooper. 

The Cooper family traces its ancestry as far 
back as 1641, when John Cooper came to America 
from England, and the tomb of one ancestor whose 
dust lies in the cemetery of North Haven, bears 


the date of 1722, the most ancient in that venerable 
ground. Justus Cooper, born in Hamden in 1750, 
married Lois Bradley Jan. 17, 1782. He was a 
farmer in Xorth Haven, going there from Ham- 
den, and locating on a farm, part of which is now 
owned by Homer L. Cooper. Justus Cooper had 
a son, Justus (2), born in 1797. 

Justus Cooper was born on the Cooper home- 
stead in Xorth Haven, and during the early years 
of his Hfe followed the occupation of farming on 
his father's land. Later he removed to Hamden 
Plains, where for about ten years he conducted a 
tavern known as the "Old Red Tavern." This was- 
a well-known hostelry in its day, and is still re- 
called by some of the older residents. After dis- 
posing of that business, he returned to Xorth 
Haven and continued farming until the time of his 
death, which occurred Sept. 24, 1883. He married 
Julia Gorham, a native of Hamden, a daughter of 
Levi and Rhoda (Miller) Gorham, and she died 
June 8, 1879. The children born of this union were : 
Levi Justus, and George H., who m.arried Betsey 

Levi Justus Cooper was born in the "Old Red 
Tavern," Dec. 22, 1831, and in time was sent to 
the district school. He grew up on the farm, and 
in early manhood entered the Candee Rubber Co.'s 
shop in Hamden, where he worked for some time, 
and then embarked in the butchering business, for 
a number of years peddling meat in Xorth Haven. 
Later, as the country became more closely popu- 
lated, it was more profitable to open a market in 
X'ew Haven, and for eight years he successfullv 
conducted an enterprise of this kind, leaving it to- 
open a grain business. This was organized un- 
der the firm name of Cooper, Hinman & Co., but 
some time later Mr. Cooper disposed of his in- 
terest and returned to Xorth Haven, where he 
resumed farming and also engaged in the dairy 
business. On July 14, 1853, he married Sarah 
White, a native of Southwick, IMass., and they had 
two children : Jennie, who married William Cam- 
eron, of X'ew York ; and Homer Levi. 

Homer Levi Cooper was born Feb. 28, 1859^ 
in the old home now owned and occupied by his 
father. His educational opportunities were ex- 
cellent in character, and he was an apt pupil in the 
X^ew Haven district and high schools. After com- 
pleting his education he worked in various places 
— at Westville, where he was employed to run a 
steam sawmill, and 'in X'ew Haven, but later in 
Woodbridge. where he drove a milk wagon for 
L. G. Hemingway and learned all the practical 
points about dairying. In 1880 he went to Xorth 
Haven and purchased part of his present farm 
from his uncle, George H. Cooper. He has added 
to it until, at the present time, his well cultivated 
farm of thirty acres shows that a man of intelli- 
gence is its manager and proprietor. In 1899. in 
company with M. B. and F. S. Hubbell, under 
the name of Cooper & Hubbell, he established a 



prosperous and growing dairy business, on High 
street, in New Haven, whore they carried on a 
retail and wholesale business in dairy products and 
operated several delivery wagons. In June, 1901, 
, Mr. Cooper withdrew from this connection. 

On Nov. 24, 1S86, Mr. Cooper was married 
to Alice Elizabeth Monson, of Westville, a daugh- 
ter of David C. ]\Ionson, the postmaster of that 
place. To this union have been born four chil- 
dren: Eleanor G., Kenneth, Harold and Roland 
Justus. Kenneth and Harold were twins, and 
both died when nine months old. Like his parents. 
Mr. Cooper is connected with the Congregational 
Church, and both he and his father are stanch 
supporters of the Republican party. Socially he 
is connected with the A. O. U. W., in which he 
is popular and valued. He is considered one of 
the most prosperous and progressive business men 
of the vicinity, and his energy and thoroughly 
honest methods have won him the confidence of 
the community. 

JOHN H. BURTON (deceased) was for many 
years one of the most highly esteemed and valued 
citizens of Hamden. He was of foreign birth, but 
his duties of citizenship were performed with a 
loyalty equal to that of any native son of America, 
and when the nation was imperiled by rebellion, he 
went to the defense of the Union and protected the 
cause of his adopted country on many a southern 
battle field. 

Mr. Burton was born in Perth, Scotland, Oct. 
14, 1833, and was educated in the common schools 
of his native land. During his youth he learned 
landscape gardening with his father, and continued 
to follow that occupation until his emigration to 
the United States in 1854. Locating in Philadel- 
phia, he followed his trade there for two years, and 
then went to Boston, where he was similarly em- 
ployed until coming to New Haven, Conn., in 1857. 
After working at his trade for a short time here, 
he entered the employ of the Winchester Shirt Co., 
for whom he was working when the Civil war broke 

Mr. Burton enlisted as a private in Company F, 
4th Conn. v. L, which was aftenvard re-organized 
as the 1st Connecticut Heavy Artillery, and assigned 
to the Army of the Potomac. They participated in 
the siege of Bermuda Hundreds, under Butler, the 
siege of Yorktown, siege of Richmond, and the en- 
gagements at Chickahominy Swamp, Malvern Hill 
and Fairfax Court House. For bravery on the battle 
field, Mr. Burton was promoted from time to time, 
and on Aug. 27, 1863, was commissioned captain, in 
which capacity he served until Dec. 23, 1864, when 
he resigned and returned to New Haven. In De- 
cember, 1863, while going the rounds of the forts, 
as field ofhcer at Washington, D. C, his horse fell, 
breaking the leg of our subject. After his return 
from the war, }klr. Burton spent four years in New 
Haven, and then located upon the farm in Hamden, 

I where he passed the remainder of his life and where 
i his widow still resides. He was quite extensively 
engaged in market gardening and met with excel- 
: lent success in the enterprise. 

, On Oct. 17, 1863, Mr. Burton was united in 
! naarriage with Miss Candace C. Norton, of Spring- 
, field, Mass., and to them were born five children, 
; namely : William T., who now carries on the home 
farm; James II., who is engaged in the lumber busi- 
; ness in New York; John H. J.; George G. ; and 
Lilias L. Mr. Burton was accidentally drowned 
Jan. 22, 1895. Politically he was a very 'strong Re- 
; publican, and fraternally was an honored member of 
: Admiral Foote Post, G. A. R., of New Haven, while 
• religiously he was an active and prominent member 
' of the Congregational church and was serving as 
; church trustee and Sunday-school superintendent 
I at the time of his death. His influence was great 
and always for good ; and his sympathies, his benev- 
olence and his kindly greeting will long be remem- 
bered. His duties were performed with the greatest 
care, and throughout his life his personal honor and 
integrity were without blemish. 

WILLIAM BENHA^I is one of the oldest and 
most highly respected citizens of North Haven, 
where he has spent a long and worthy life, upon 
which he can look back with pleasure and thankful- 
ness, so honest and upright has it been throughout. 

This branch of the family is supposed to have 
been descended from John Benham, who came to 
the new world in the ship "Mary and John," and 
i was at Dorchester, Mass., in 1630. In May, 1631, 
he was made a freeman. In 1640 he removed to 
New Haven, and his name appears in a list of New 
Haven planters in 1643. He was engaged in the 
manufacture of brick. Joseph Benham, of New 
Haven, was married at Boston, Jan. 15, 1657, to 
Winnifred Ring, and they had tw^elve children. He 
was one of the first settlers of Wallingford in 1670. 

Joseph Benham, grandfather of the subject of 
this sketch, was a deacon of the Congregational 
Church at Hamden Plains, where he lived and 
' died. He reached the great age of eighty-si.x vears, 
passing away Jan. 25, 1836. His wife, Elizabeth, 
died in 1831, aged eighty years. They had seven 
children : George, Amos, Ransom, Betsey, Adah, 
Jared and Isaac. 

Isaac Benham was born Aug. 2, 1791, in Ham- 
den, and died there, Jan. 23, 1879. He was a shoe- 
maker and farmer. On March 8, 181 5, he married 
Anna Tuttle, who was born Jan. 20, 1795, in ^lid- 
dlebury, Litchfield Co., Conn., and died Aug. 2, 
1876, in Hamden. They had four children: Will- 
iam, Isaac, Jared and Betsey Ann. 

William Benham was born on a farm March 
24, 1817, in the town of Hamden, and there re- 
mained until he was eight years old, enjoying but 
few educational advantages. A comparison is very 
interesting between the modern school room and 
his last "hall of learning," which was in a barroom. 

;■ 'l;" 



located just north of the ^lethodist Church. Until 
he was seventeen years old Mr. Benham learned 
more about the science of fanning, and the handling 
of plow and hoe, than he did of books, and it was 
necessary for him, as for many another respected 
citizen of our country-, to wield those useful im- 
plements of agriculture. Wages were small in! 
those days and hours of labor long, fifty cents be- 
ing considered fair compensation for farm laborers 
who worked from sunrise to sunset, and on these 
terms our subject was hired by ]Merritt Allen, a 
farmer near Westville, whose land comprised the 
present site of the New Haven town farm. Most 
industrious, and determined to win independence 
and a competency, Mr. Benham labored for two 
summers for Mr. Allen, and during the winters 
learned the shoemaker's trade in Hamden, where he 
worked for S. W. Baldwin, of New Haven. He 
would make shoes in lots of fifty pairs, and carry 
them to New Haven, whence they were shipped to 
supply the southern trade. Although the pay was 
small, he worked at the bench until his health gave 
out, and then hired out to Jeremiah Woodard, of 
East Haven, to drive a milk wagon through New 
Haven. With this out-door employment Mr. Ben- 
ham regained his health, although his work was 
laborious, and for two and one half years he con- 
tinued with this employer; he delivered to i6o cus- 
tomers, among the best families in the city, some- 
times making three trips daily, with milk and veg- 
etables. In connection with his other business ^Ir. 
Woodard entrusted our subject with the making 
out and collecting of bills. Mr. Benham's wages 
were fifteen dollars per month and board for fif- 
teen hours of work daily. Having saved enough 
money he bought his present farm, from Deacon 
Elias Bassett, in 1840, and had enough left over to 
put the place in good shape. Farming has been his 
principal occupation ever since, although he has 
had seasons of work in the Candee & Lester rubber 
factory, for Henry Hotchkiss, in Centerville, and 
in the auger shops, for eight years driving one of 
the teams for the latter factory. 

Mr. Benham was married March 27, 1843, to 
Nancy Ives, a native of North Haven, who was born 
Aug. 22, 181 7, a daughter of Talcott Ives, and died 
July II, 1884. Two children were born of this 
imion : Betsey Adelaide, who married W. W. 
Price, a book binder and directory printer and pub- 
lisher, of New Haven ; and Nancy Anna, who mar- 
ried Milo Wooding, now of North Haven. Mr. 
Benham is a Republican in his political convictions, 
and has declined many tenders of office. Formerlv 
he was connected with the M. E. Church, but is 
now a member of the Congregational Churcii at 
^^'hitneyville. No one has been more energetic or 
industrious through life than has our subject, who 
is a well preserved specimen of the honest, hard- 
working American citizen. By right of his own 
efforts, he possesses a competency which insures 

him a life of comfort during the rest of his days, 
and offers an example to others who expect to en- 
joy a future of ease without endeavoring honestly 
to earn it. 

LEWIS E. OSBORN, whose long and use- 
ful career has been passed in New Haven, with 
the exception of two years 'in INIilwaukee, Wis., 
was born in the city with which his life has been 
associated, May 22, 1836, a son of Walter Os- 
born. In 1851 he returned from Milwaukee to 
New Haven, to serve an apprenticeship with his 
uncle, Minot A. Osborn, at that time the editor 
of the Register, with whom he learned the print- 
ing business, at which, however, his health was 
impaired, and he was obliged to turn to other em- 
ployment. In 1880 he became assistant to the 
treasurer of Yale University, a position he held 
until 1890, when he resigned, and is now living 

Mr. Oshorn was married Sept. 20, 1858, to 
R. Sophia Merwin, of New Haven, a daughter of 
Samuel E. Merwin, and a sister of Gen. S. E. 
Merwin. To Mr. and Airs. Osborn have come 
two children: Henry AL, the bursar of Yale, 
married Lizzie Ramsdell, now deceased; and Ruby 
M., who is the wife of Lieut. Clarence B. Dann, a 
prominent carriage manufacturer of the city. Like 
his father Air. Osborn holds to the principles of 
Democracy, though he is in no sense a partisan 
voter only. He is broad and patriotic in his ideas, 
and seeks the best good to the community and the 
country. For forty years he has been associated 
with Hiram Lodge, No. i, A. F. & A. AL, of 
New Haven, and in religious connection belongs 
to the Qiurch of the Redeemer. 

Walter Osborn, in whose death, July 3, 1880, 
New Haven lost one of its old-time business men, 
I long respected and esteemed, was descended from 
I a family identified with New Haven from its very 
! beginning. Air. Osborn was born Dec. 21, 1805, 
I in New Haven, a son of Eli and Elizabeth (Augur) 
j Osborn. Eli Osborn was a merchant tailor on 
I State Street, and a man of high character. Alinot 
I A. Osborn, another son of Eli, and a brother of 
I Walter Osborn, was editor and publisher of the 
j Register, and a sketch of his life and character 
! may be found on another page. In his early man- 
I hood Walter Osborn was associated with Albert 
I Walker in the cabinet-making and furniture busi- 
\ ness. With him in 1833 he erected a building 
t which was afterward occupied b}' William H. 
I Bradley as a carriage factory, and which is still 
I standing, on Chapel street. In 1849 Air. Osborn 
\ moved to Alihvaukce, Wis., but returned in 1853 
to his old home, where, in company with his 
1 brother-in-law. Air. Stanley, he 'formed one of the 
! principal coal firms of New Haven. For a time 
; he was inspector of customs, under his brother, 
.Alinot A. Osborn. who was for eight years col- 
\ lector of customs in New Haven. 




Walter Osborn was chosen collector of the 
town and city taxes in i860, a jwsition he tilled 
until 1875. At that time the growth of the busi- 
ness of the otifice and the advanced age which he 
had attained, compelled his retirement from active 
life. While he was collector the office was never 
under better management, and many of his wise 
business methods are still in vogue. In his later 
years ]\Ir. Osborn was called to take the ditricult 
position of a receiver of the Townsend Sayings 
Bank, which he filled with admirable skill and 
courtesy. When he died he was a director of the 
National Xew Haven Bank. He Avas a veteran in 
the famous military organization known as the 
New Haven Grays. ]\Ir. Osborn commanded the 
confidence of li'is townsmen to a remarkable de- 
gree, and when a candidate for tax collector, re- 
ceived many votes from those of the opposite faith. 
His political affiliations were wnth the Democratic 
party, but during the Civil War he was an ardent 
Union man, and did all in his power to support the 

Mr. Oslx>rn was married Sept. 17, 1833, to 
Miss Mary Jane Reemer, of Derby, Conn., by 
whom he had the following children : E. Walter 
(mentioned below), Lewis E., George W. (an at- 
torney at Xew Haven), ^linot R. (who died in 
New Haven when eighteen years old), Marv Jane 
(who is the wife of Wilbur F. Day, president of 
the New Haven National Bank) and William F. 
(who is connected with the American Sugar Re- 
fining Co., of Xew York City). 

E. Walter Osborn, the eldest son. gave a 
promising young life to his countr\- during the 
Civil War. The following reference was made to 
him in Atwater's "History of Xew Haven :" 

Still another family in the same Congrecation was smit- 
ten in the spring of 1865, when Major E. Walter Osborn, 
of the 1.5th Regiment, having been mortally wounded in 
North Carolina, and taken prisoner, died in captivitv. He 
was born in Xew Haven, and was thirty years old at the 
time of his death. He was for several years a captain of 
the Grays, and at all times was an active and enthusiastic 
member of that popular organization, which he commanded 
at the first battle of Bull Run, when the Grays were in the 
Second Regiment. When the loth Regiment was formed, 
he was made major, in which position he had nenrlv com- 
pleted his three years of enlistment. He was on detached 
service when his regiment moved to battle, and on his own 
application secured permission to rejoin his comrades, and 
share their fortunes. His equable and generous tempera- 
ment, his unselfishness, and his kindly manner, joined with 
high manly attributes, attracted love and confidence. His 
death was sincerely mourned by the brave men, who had 
known him in camp and battle. 

CHARLES E. HOADLEY was born in Xew 
Haven May 4, 1858. and remained in his native 
city until he was seventeen years of age. attending 
the public schools, and acquiring a fund of solid 
information with w'hich he has made a verv credit- 
able success. 

When .Mr. Hoadley began life for himself he 
was in the service of the Adams Express Co. some 
four or five years, and then was in the lumber busi- 

ness at Bennington, \'t., some eight years or more. 
Mr. Hoadley spent a dozen years in Florida, where 
he was engaged in various capacities by his uncle. 
H. B. Plant. The real-estate business as he handled 
it presented great opportunities, and he was very 
deeply interested in Florida lands, and at the present 
time has extensive land interests in that State. Mr. 
Hoadley came to Waterbury June i, 1899, and be- 
came associated with the XcwEngland ]\Iutual Life 
Insurance Co., for which he i.s now district man- 
ager, and in the development of his business career 
as an insurance man has met with phenomenal suc- 
cess. For the month of May, 1900, he was the sec- 
ond most successful man "in Xew England in the 
service of the company. In the month of Septem- 
ber, same year, he was a leader, having written 
and paid for twenty-one policies amounting to 
$81,000. In 1901 he wrote about two hundred 
policies, considerably over $500,000, about twice the 
business done by any other L'nited States agent of 
the X'ew England Alutual, and the largest amount 
written and paid for by any life insurance agent 
in Connecticut for the year. 

Mr. Hoadley and Miss Emma J. Anderson, of 
Cleveland, Ohio, were married Sept. 15, 1882. Mrs. 
Hoadley is a daughter of George Anderson, a na- 
tive of Scotland, and she is true to the best traits 
of her Scottish ancestors. They have a beautiful 
home in the northern part of the city, and are uni- 
versally respected. Three children have come to 
bless their union : Bessie A. ; Edwin A. ; and 
Giles R. Mr. Hoadley is a Republican, and the 
family are associated with the Congregational 

Horace P. Hoadley, the father of Charles E., 
was born in Martinsburg, X. Y., July 17, 1833, and 
died in X^'ew Haven, Conn., Oct. 20, 1893. On 
April 10, 1855, he was married, in Cape May, to 
Amelia O. Hubbard, who was born Sept. 8, 1836, 
in Berlin, Conn., daughter of Edwin and Hannah 
( Xorth) Hubbard. Her death occurred in New 
Haven Oct. 2, 1861. Mr. Hoadley was again mar- 
ried, -\ug. 27, 1873, in Rutherford, X. J., to Mrs. 
Jeanie (Ivison) Campfield, widow of Rev. Xathan 
Perkins Campfield, of Xewark, N. J., and daughter 
of Henry and Sarah Bogart (BrinkerhofY) Ivison, 
of X'ew York City. Mr. Hoadley was brought bv 
his parents to New Haven before he was three 
years of age, and with the exception of one year 
in Meriden, and a year spent in Texas before the 
Civil war, passed the remainder of his life there. 
He was one of the original pupils in the Lan- 
casterian School, and later became a pupil of Gen. 
Russell's [Military School, where he attained the 
rank of captain or training master on the school 
field. He became a master of military science, and 
at the breaking out of the Civil war hastened to 
offer his services to the government. He was ap- 
pointed a luajor in the army, and rendered con- 
spicuous services by organizing and training the ist 
Connecticut Cavalry, which was equipped and pre- 

f;; .-. I ;. 


.: : • 't..'! 




pared for active duty in a very brief time. He was 
connected with the (now) United Church, and for 
years was a teacher in and superintendent of its 
Sabbath-school. Mr. Hoadley was closely identi- 
fied with the Yoimg- }klen's Christian Association, 
and was deeply interested in the welfare of the 
young men. While in Texas he was in the carriage 
■business, and was connected with the Adams E.x- 
press Co. He was also an insurauLC man, and 
largely interested in the real-estate business, long 
•acting as secretary of the Plant Investment Co. 
Two children were lx)rn to his first marriage : ( i ) 
'Charles E., whose name introduces these lines; 
and (2) Horace G., born Sept. 23, i86r, who mar- 
ried Helen L. Anderson. Henrietta A. was the 
■only child of the second marriage. 

Philemon Hoadley, the grandfather of Charles 
E., was born in Southampton, ^vlass., }vlarch 31, 
1797, and died in New Haven Jan. 28, 1S62. His 
first wife, Rosetta (Goodrich) was the daughter 
■of James and Lois (Wilcox) Goodrich, and was 
born Nov. 12, 1804, in Glendale, N. Y. Her death 
took place at Martinsburg, N. Y.. Aug. 17, 1826. 
Mr. Hoadley subsequently married Mrs. Betsy 
(Bradley) Plant, widow of Anderson Plant, of 
Branford, and daughter of Levi and Lydia (Beach) 
Bradley. She was born Aug. 28, 1799, in Branford, 
and died Jan. 20, 1886, in New Haven. The chil- 
dren of the first marriage were : ( i ) Henn,', born 
m October, 1823, and (2) James, born in June, 
1825. There were also two children by the second 
marriage: (i) George A., born in October, 1831, 
who died in April, 1836; and (2) Horace P., who 
Is mentioned in the foregoing. Philemon Hoadley 
lived in Martinsburg, N. Y., until about 1838. He 
Avas instrumental in raising funds for the Connecti- 
cut State Reform School in Meriden, and was a 
member of its first board of trustees. In recogni- 
tion of his marked business abilities and deep in- 
terest in the school he was made its first superin- 
tendent, in 1853. 

Philemon Hoadley, the great-grandfather of 
Charles E., was born June 11, 1755, in Branford, 
Conn., and died in West Turin, N. Y., Jan. 18, 
181 1. On May i, 1776, in Branford he married 
Mary Rogers, who was born in Branford Feb. 22. 
1753, daughter of Jonathan and Mary ( Foote) Rog- 
ers. She died Dec. 11, 1843, '" West Turin, N. Y. 
Mr. Hoadley moved to Westfield, Mass., and his 
first child was baptized there in 1777. After a 
period of some years he returned to West Turin, 
where he died. The names and years of birth of 
"his children are as follows: Sophia, 1776; Irene, 
1779; Lyman, 1781 ; 2vlary. 1784; Roxana, 1787; 
Chester. 1790; Lester, 1794; and Philemon, 1797 
(whose history is already given). 

Jacob Hoadley, the great-great-grandfather of 
Charles E., was born in Branford, Conn.. ^March 
8. 1 73 1, and died in Turin, N. Y., in November, 
1816. His marriage to Jemima Buell occurred July 
I, 1752, in Branford. She was born in October, 

1726, in Killingworth, Conn., daughter of Capt. 
Samuel and Lydia (Wilcox) Buell. Jacob Hoadley 
went to Westfield, ]\Iass., and from there to West 
Turin, N. Y., where he died. He was born and 
bred a farmer, and followed that occupation all his 
life. He was the father of ten children: Jared, 
Philemon, Lucy, Jacob, Jemima, Lydia, Hannah, 
Mary, Abigad and Jacob. 

Samuel Hoadley, the great-great-great-grand- 
father of Charles E., was born in Branford' Feb. 20, 
1696, and died in that town Feb. 22. 1756. He mar- 
ried Lydia Frisbie, who was bom June i, 1698, 
daughter of Caleb and Hannah Frisbie. and died 
Feb. 6, 1756. They were farming people. To them 
were born eight children: Abigail, Gideon, Sam- 
uel, Ebenezer, Jacob, Lydia, Jerusha and James. 

The father of Samuel Hoadlev also bore the 
name of Samuel. He married Abigail Farrington, 
daughter of John and Mary (Bullard) Farrington. 
She was born in Dedham, Mass., April 30, 1668, 
and died Feb. 26, 1745, long after the death of her 
husband, on Feb. 8, 1714; he was killed under a 
hay mow. He is first mentioned in the records 
of the town of Branford April 4, 1(383, ^"d on 
March 4. 1687. he and others were granted a tract 
of land one mile square in the western and north- 
western portions of the town of Branford. He and 
his wife had children as follows : Abigail, William, 
Hannah, Samuel, Gideon, Lydia, Benjamin, Daniel 
and Timothy. 

William Hoadley, the emigrant, and also known 
in the old records as Capt. Hoadley, was the father 
of Samuel (i). He was born in England about 
1630, and his death occurred in 1709 in Branford. 
The name of his first wife is not known. For his 
second wife he married Marv (Bullard), widow of 
John Farrington. Capt. Hoadlev married Ruth 
(Powers) Frisbie, widow of John Frisbie, for his 
third wife. Seven children were born to him: Will- 
iam, Samuel, John, Mary, Elizabeth. Hannah and 

FRANKLIN FARREL. For sixty years AI- 
mon and Franklin Farrel. father and son. respect- 
ively, have been most closely and prominently iden- 
tified with the industries of Ansonia and the Naug- 
atuck Valley, and from the incorporation of the 
foundry and machine company bearing their name 
at Ansonia — a period of fifty years — have each in 
turn served as its president. 

Almon Farrel was borp Oct. 12, 1800, in Oak- 
ville, the son of Zebah and Mehitabel (nenham) 
Farrel, of Waterbury, Conn. He learned of his 
father the trade of a millwright, and for many years 
was the leading millwright, machinist, engineer, 
builder and contractor in his line in the Naugatuck 
\'alley. There was probably no man in the State 
at the time of Mr. Parrel's death who had superin- 
tended the construction of so many first class mills 
and manufacturing establishments. He was noted 
for the strength and permanency of his work. What- 

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ever he put his hands to was successfully carried 
through, not al\va>s inexpensively, but with good 
judgment and thorough workmanship. ^^lonuments 
of his skin may be seen in Waterbury, Seymour, 
Ansonia, Birmingham, Plymouth Hollow, W'olcott- 
ville, Bristol, Westville, Poquonock, Newtown and 
other places, and at the time of his death he had a 
large contract in Chicago, 111. He was a self- 
taught man, one whose success was owing to his 
o\vn native genius, and whose services in building 
up the manufacturing interests in his native town 
and the Xaugatuck \'alley were almost indispensa- 
ble. He died on May 31, 1857, in the prime of life 
and in the midst of his usefulness. 

On May i, 1S26, Almon Parrel was married 
to Miss Emma, daughter of Mark Warner, and the 
marriage was blessed with seven children. 

Franklin Parrel, son of Almon Parrel, was born 
Feb. 17, 1828, in Waterbury, Conn. He received 
only a common school education, and like many 
boys who have made their mark in the world he 
"roughed it" in early life. He was for a time at 
West Point. At the age of fourteen he commenced 
to learn the trade of a millwright under the practical 
direction of his father, and in December, 1844, h^ 
went to Derby, Conn., and assisted his father in en- 
gineering for the water works and other projects 
within the limits of Ansonia. In 1849 young Parrel 
became associated in the foundry and machine busi- 
ness in the firm of Parrel & Johnson, into which his 
father had put $8,000, and S. and S. M. Colburn, 
with Dr. Josiah ^I. Colburn, $7,000. Later, with this 
small capital, the concern was reorganized under 
the name of the Parrel Foundry & Alachine Com- 
pany, and Almon Parrel became its president, an 
office he held until his death in 1857. Franklin 
Farrel succeeded his father to the presidency, and 
has ever since remained the executive officer of 
the company. Prom the very start, and all through 
these many years, the works of this company have 
played an important part in the growth and pros- 
perity of Ansonia. The growth of the business has 
been steady and rapid until, under the able manage- 
ment of its president, it has become one of the larg- 
est of its kind in the United States, the stock having 
been raised from a nominal cash capital of $100,000 
] to a real capital of $500,000. This speaks louder 
1 than words of Air. Parrel's capabilities as a shrewd 
i and far-sighted business man and financier. The 
business is the second largest in Ansonia, the works 
covering several acres of ground and giving steady 
i employment to 600 men. They manufacture a heavy 
! casting for machinery of nearly every description, 
; and turn out on an extensive scale, iron, brass and 
, copper mill machinery, chilled rolls, etc., for all 

I' purposes, consuming annually about 20,000 tons of 
metal in the manufacture of their goods. Mr. Par- 
rel has devoted himself with great assiduity to var- 
H'd lines of business, his labors having been uni- 
formly crowned with success, and he is, and has 

been, identified with many other enterprises of im- 
portance in the commercial world. 

In his political views Mr. Parrel is a Republican, 

i and he and his family are connected with the Epis- 
copal Church, of Ansonia, to which he has been 
most liberal. In 1850 Mr. Parrel was married to 

j Miss Julia L. Smith, of Derby, Conn., who died 
in September, 1874. On Dec. 12, 1876, Mr. Par- 
rel married Aliss Lillian Clarke, a native of New 
Haven. By his first marriage he had five children, 
of whom one is living: May Wells, who married 
Rutherford Trowbridge, of New Haven, and has 
two children — Rutherford, Jr., and Rachel. By his 
second marriage our subject had four children: 
Florence A., who married George Clarke Bryant ; 
Elise Marion; Franklin P., Jr. ; Lillian Estelle. 

STEPHEN WHITNEY, formerly of the 
L'nited States army, now living retired in a pa- 
latial home at New Haven, has long been one of 
the familiar figures and well and favorably known 
men of the "City of Elms." 

Born Oct. 20, 1841, in New Haven, Air. Whit- 
ney is the son of Henry and ■ Hannah Eugenia 
(Lawrence) Whitney, and is a representative of a 
sturdy and prominent New England and New York 
ancestry, and on his father's side is of the seventh 
generation from Henry Whitney, who was born in 
England about 1620, and appears first of record in 
this country at Hashammock in Southold, L. I., in 
1649. Later he was at Huntington, L. I., and is of 
record at Norwalk, Conn., as one of the early pi- 
oneers of the place in 1665. 

Prom this emigrant settler, the lineage of 
Stephen Whitney, of New Haven, is through John, 
Josiah, Henry, Stephen and Henry (2) Whitney. 

(II) John Whitney, son of Henry, the settler, 
born probably before his parents went to Southold. 
L. I., settled with his father in Norwalk, Conn., 
and succeeded him as a miller and millwright, and 
to the mill and homestead property. On March 
17, 1674-5, he married Elizabeth Smith, daughter 
of Richard Smith. In Norwalk, Conn., John built 
a fulling mill, was prominent as a citizen, and died 
about 1720, and his widow passed away some time 
after, about 1741. 

(III) Josiah Whitney, son of John, married Oct. 
30, 1729, at Norwalk, Conn., Eunice Hanford. 
daughter of Eleazer and Hannah Hanford. Josiah 
settled at Norwalk, where he died as early as 1750. 

(IV) Henry Whitney, son of Josiah, born Feb. 
19, 1735-6, in Norwalk. married about 1761. in 
Derby, Conn.. Eunice Clark, born April 15, 1745, 
in Derby, and settled in that town. Eunice Clark 
was the daughter of William Clark, who descended 

j from Thomas Clark, who, it is thought, was mate of 
I the "Alaytiowcr." A sister of Eunice Clark, Eliza, 
! of Lyme, Conn., married Joseph Hull, of Derby, 
\ in 1749, and became the mother of Gen. William 
! Hull, and grandmother of Commander Isaac Hull 




of historic note. Henry Whitney was for many 
years an active and useful citizen of Derby. Both 
he and his wife died in the town, her death occur- 
rintj Aug-. 21, 1794, and his May i, 181 1. He was 
the' founder of King Hiram Alasonic Lodge m 

(V) Stephen Whitney, son of Henry, born 
Sept. 14, 1776, in Derl>y, married Aug. 4, 1803. at 
Newtown, L. I., Harriet, born Sept. i, 1782. daugh- 
ter of Hendrick and Phoebe (Skidmore) Suydam, 
of Hallets Cove, L. I. After their marriage, they 
settled in the city of New York, where ]Mr. Whit- 
ney became one of the most wealthy and influential 
merchants of his time. Both he and his wife died in 
that town in i860, his death occurring Feb. 16, and 
hers ^lay 12. }\[r. Whitney, when he tirst went to 
New York City, at eighteen or twenty years of age, 
and began his career as a clerk in the business house 
of Lawrence & Whitney, early showed good intelli- 
gence and remarkable energy, and was shortly sent 
to the West Indies as a super-cargo. Saving his 
earnings, he soon went into business for himself, 
forming a partnership in 1800 with one John Currie, 
a Scotchman by birth. The new firm engaged in 
the wholesale grocery business, but in i8og the 
partnership dissolved. During the war of 1812, Mr. 
Whitney dealt largely in cotton and accumulated 
money rapidly. In about 1818, he abandoned the 
grocery business, and engaged extensively in ship- 
ping interests, building many vessels and sending 
them to various parts of the world, especially trad- 
ing largely with China and the East Indies. Among 
other interests, he held large shares in the Kermet 
line of packets plying between New York and Liv- 
erpool. IVIr. Whitney was among the early projec- 
tors and founders of the great systems of railways 
and canals, which did so much to increase the pros- 
perity of New York, and held interests in the New 
Jersey Railroad Co.. the Delaware, Lackawanna & 
Western Railroad Co., and others, as well as im- 
mense financial institutions. His personal interests 
■became so large that for some thirty years before his 
death, he gave up active business and occupied his 
time in* caring for his private business. His estate 
at his death was worth something like $5,000,000. 
Mr. WHiitney was a man of strictest integrity and 
honor, and won and held the esteem and admiration 
of all. 

(VI) Henry Whitney, son of Stephen and the 
father of Stephen (2), was born in New York City, 
Aug. 23, 1812, and was graduated from Yale col- 
lege in 1830. On Jan. 27, 1835, he married Hannah 
Eugenia Lawrence, born Jan. 2j, 181 5, in New 
York, a daughter of Isaac and Cornelia (Beach) 
Lawrence, the latter the daughter of Rev. Abraham 
Beach, D. D., rector of Trinity Church. New York 
City. Mrs. Whitney died March 10, 1844, in New 
Haven, Conn., and Mr. Whitnev married July 25, 
1850, at Norwich, Conn., ?vlaria Lucy Fitch. 

In 1837, Mr. Whitney located in New Haven, 
and began the erection of the Whitney home, which 

when completed was the finest mansion and grounds 
in New Haven. Until its completion, the family re- 
sided in "Maple Cottage" on Trumbull street. Mr. 
Whitney being a man of ample means, had time for 
gratifying a taste he possessed in agricultural lines, 
and was greatly interested in that pursuit both lo- 
cally and in the country in general, giving consider- 
able time to the breeding of cattle. He was secre- 
tary of the New Haven Agricultural Society, and 
was well known in agricultural circles. His death 
occurred in New Haven March 21, 1856, and his 
wife, Maria L.', passed away in New York City about 

The children born to the first marriage were: 
Isaac Lawrence, born in New York, Nov. 15, 1835, 
died Dec. 7, 1835 ; Harriet, born in New Haven, 
Conn., }klarch 2, 183S, married June 5, i860, Charles 
H. Berryman, of New York, and they now reside in 
that city; Cornelia Lawrence, born Nov. 2~, 1839, 
in New Haven, Conn., married ]\Iarch 4, 18O2, John 
Girard Heckscher, who served as first lieutenant in 
the I2th Reg. U. S. I. for two years during the 
Civil war, and she died March 30, 1891 ; Stephen, 
born Oct. 20, 1841 ; Hannah Eugene, born ^larch 
10, 1844, in New Haven, died there Sept. 15, 1845. 
The children born of the second marriage of Henry 
Whitney were: ]\Iaria, born }klay 26, 185 1, mar- 
ried April 28, 1870, Robert C. Livingston, and re- 
sides at Islip, L. I. ; Caroline Suydam, born Nov. 
17, 1852, married Oct. 18, 1871, John N. A. Gris- 
wold, who died Dec. 8, 1871, in Germany, and she 
married, in Alilford, Conn., June 21, 1874, Cornelius 
Fellows, and resides in New York. 

Stephen Whitney (2), son of Henry (2), and 
the gentleman whose name introduces this sketch, 
was in the pursuit of a liberal education when the 
Civil war burst upon the country, and Aug. 5, 1861, 
he entered the army as first lieutenant in the 4th 
United States Artillery, and from that time until 
Nov. 12, 1863, shared the fortunes of the command, 
retiring with an honorable record. 

On April 27, 1864, Mr. Whitney married, in New 
York City, ]\Iargaret Lawrence Johnson, Iwrn in 
New York City June i, 1841, daughter of Bradish 
and Louisa Anna (Lawrence) Johnson, the latter 
then a resident of New York. She died in Novem- 
ber, 1884, and April 29, 1886, Mr. Whitney married 
Louisa Johnson, a sister to his first wife.- Mr. Whit- 
ney's children by his first marriage were : ( i ) 
Louisa Lawrence, born June 16, 1867, married 
(first) Hugh Dickey and had one child, Frances 
De Koven : (second) Charles D. Dickey, and has 
two children, Charles D. and Stephen W. Mr. 
Dickey is in the banking house of Brown Bros., in 
New York. (2) Hannah Eugene Lawrence, bi>rn 
April 29, 1 87 1. (3) Flenry, born Dec. i, 1872. (4) 
Lawrence, born Oct. 21, 1874, died in 1896. V>y his 
second marriage, Mr. Whitney has one child, 
Stephen, born April 13, 1887. 

Mr. Whitney and family have been prominent in 
social life, and from their elegant home on Whit- 



ney avenue a generous hospitality has ever been 
dispensed. Mr. Whitney is a gentleman of cul- 
ture and extended travel, and is an interesting con- 
versationalist. For years he was interested in sugar 
planting in Louisiana, and himself and family 
passed the winter months on Woodland Plantation. 
Mr. Whitney is a member of the Quinnipiac Club 
of New Haven, of the Union Club of Xew York, a 
member of the Society of Colonial Wars, C)rder of 
Runnymedes (or descendants of the Barons who 
obtained a charter from King John), and also a 
member of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion, 
New York State Commandery. 

ELI C. BARXUM, the efficient secretary, treas- 
urer and general manager of the Xaugatuck Water 
Co., was born in the town of Kent, Litchfield Co., 
Conn., Dec. 14, 1844. He is a grandson of Rich- 
ard and Anna (Blakeman) Barnum, farming peo- 
ple of that town, who were the parents of six chil- 
dren. Beecher, the oldest, was the. father of the gen- 
tleman whose name appears at the beginning of 
this sketch. Alills was a farmer in Litchfield, and 
died in East Hartland, whither he had retired to pass 
the rest of his life. Calvin, also a farmer, passed 
his life in Litchfield, dying unmarried. Emeline be- 
came the wife of Daniel Chamberlain, a farmer of 
Kent. Curtis was a wheelwright in that town. Ade- 
-line married a ^Ir. Hurd, of the same place. 

Beecher Barnum was born in iSoo, and grew to 
manhood on his father's fami. and died in Cornwall 
Bridge, Conn., in 1858. By trade he was a mill- 
wright. He married Sophia, daughter of Eliud 
Combs, of Danbury, and of the five children born 
to them, Eli C. was the youngest, the others being 
Lafayette, Lewis, Marcus and ]\Iary. The three 
elder sons were engineers ; all are deceased. Mar\-, 
the only daughter, married Levi Barnum, of Bridge- 
port, where she still resides. 

Eli C. Barnum was educated in the schools of 
Kent and Danbury, the parents moving to the latter 
place for a time when he was a lad of ten years. 
The family soon returned to Kent, however, re- 
maining there until the death of the father, which 
occurred when our subject was scarcely fourteen 
years old. Mrs. Barnum and the children then 
removed to Bridgeport. Thence Eli C. went to 
Botsford Station, Conn., where for three years he 
worked as clerk in the general store of Oliver Bots- 
ford. In 1864 he went to Xaugatuck, which town 
has since been his home. For some years after his 
arrival he filled the post of clerk in the dry goods 
store owned by Frank S., and later George, An- 
drews. In 1869, through patient industry, joined to 
regularity of habits and economy in expenditure, 
he found himself able to engage in business on his 
own account, in co-partnership with Calvin Hotch- 
kiss, the style of the firm being Hotchkiss & Bar- 
num. Thev conducted a general store. Four vears 
later Mr. Barnum purchased Mr. Hotchkiss' inter- 
est, and for twenty years managed the business 

alone. Meanwhile, in 1890, he was made secretary 
and treasurer of the Xaugatuck Water Co., then 
an infant and comparatively unimportant concern. 
Mr. Bariuim, however, was quick to perceive the 
possible future of the corporation, and in 1893 he 
disposed of his store, and has since devoted his 
Vv'hole time and energy to the upbuilding and de- 
velopment of the company, in which he has been re- 
markably successful. He is a citizen of public spirit, 
and the people of Xaugatuck have shown their con- 
fidence in his capability and probity, by repeatedly 
electing him to local offices, the duties attaching to 
which he has always discharged with fidelity "and 
ability. He is a member of Shepherd's Lodge, A. 
F. & A. M., and of the I. O. R. M. ; is a Republican 
in political creed ; and a Congregationalist by re- 
ligious profession. For about twenty-five years 
he has been treasurer of the Ecclesiastical Society. 
In 1868 Mr. Barnum was married to Miss Eliza 
Ward, a daughter of Lauren Ward, and a niece of 
William Ward, a biographical sketch of whom may 
be found elsewhere. Mr. and Mrs. Barnum have 
had two children, Frederick W. and Earl M. The 
first named is an employe of the Water Company. 

field family, of which Charles Henry Redfield, one 
of Madison's well-known farmers, is a member, has 
long been prominent in X^'ew England, where it has 
been noted for its integrity and uprightness of life. 

William Redfield, the progenitor of the family 
in America, emigrated from England with the early 
settlers of Alassachusetts, and before 1639 he 
owned a home on the south side of the Charles 
River, near Boston. He later joined others in re- 
moval to Connecticut, the Colony settling at what 
is now X'ew London, where he built a house and 
spent the remainder of his life, dying in May, 1662. 
His wife, Rebecca, bore him the following children : 
Lydia, born in 1636, married Thomas Bayley, of 
X"ew London. Conn; Rebecca, born in 1641, mar- 
ried Thomas Roach, of X'ew London ; James, born 
in 1646; Judith, born in 1649, married Alexander 
Pygan, of X'^orwich, England, June 17, 1667. 

James Redfield, son of William, born in 1646. 
came to Xew London with his parents, and bound 
himself to Hugh Roberts, to learn the tanning trade. 
He later followed the- sea and also engaged in 
farming. For a short time he lived in Saybrook, 
but his death occurred in Fairfield, Conn., about 
1723. In May, 1669, he married Elizabeth How, 
who was born in 1645, a daughter of Jeremy How. 
of X'ew Haven, and upon her death married Delilaii 
Sturgis, daughter of John Sturgis, of Fairfield. 
James Redfield was the father of the following chil- 
dren : Elizabeth, born in X'ew Haven, May 31, 
1670; Sarah, born about 1673: Theophilus. born 
1682: Margaret, baptized Oct. 7, 1694; and James, 
baptized Oct. 25, 1696. 

Theophilus Redfield, son of James, born in 1682, 
learned the trade of carpenter and joiner, and set- 



tied in Killingworth, where, in 1717, he bought a 
tract of land in what is now North Killingworth, 
and there spent the remainder of his life, and died 
Feb. 14, 1759, highly respected for his genuine 
worth. On Dec. 24, 1706, he married Priscilla Grin- 
ncll, daughter of Daniel and Lydia Grinned, of 
Saybrook, and she died Jan. 12, 1770, at the age of 
eighty-one years. The following children blessed 
their union: Daniel, born Sept. 22, 1707, served in 
the French and Indian war, and died Jan. 11, 1758; 
Elizabeth, born May 8, 1709; Richard, born June 
II, 171 1 ; Ebenezer, born Dec. 3, 1713; Lydia, bom 
Feb. 9, 1715 ; Theophilus. born June 20, 1720 ; Peleg, 
born April 2, 1723; George, born Nov. 7, 1725; 
William, born Dec. 5, 1727; Josiah, born Sept. 6, 
1730; Jane, born June 24, 1733; and James, born 
March 29, 1735. 

Theophilus Redfield (2), son of Theophilus, 
lived in Killingworth, where he was engaged in 
farming. He was a sergeant in the French and 
Indian war. His death occurred in Killingworth 
Jan. 30, 1770. He first married Mary Buell, daugh- 
ter of Benjamin and Hannah Buell, and she died 
Aug. 22, 1749. For his second wife he married 
Martha Gray, daughter of Philip Gray, of Killing- 
worth. By his first marriage Ws children were as 
follows: Eliakim, born May 26, 1741 ; Nathan, 
born July 31, 1743; Levi, born Aug. 17, 1745; and 
Isaac, born July 29, 1749, died Nov. 23, 1749. By 
the second marriage were born Philip, born Nov. 
25, 1 75 1, died 1780; Constant, bom July 30, 1753; 
Mary, born Jan. 24, 1755 : Elias, born Jan. 31, 1757 : 
Martha, born Feb. 18, 1758; and Nathan (2), born 
Aug. 17, 1763. 

Constant Redfield, son of Theophilus ('2), was 
born in Killingworth July 30, 1753, and was a 
cooper by trade, and took an active part in the Rev- 
olutionary war. On April 9, 1778, he married 
Amanda Buell, who was a daughter of Daniel Buell, 
and who died in October, 1837. He died in Guil- 
ford at the home of his son Ebenezer, Jan. 15, 1839. 
The children born of this union were: Pardon, 
born Feb. 20, 1779; ^lartha, Feb. 3, 1781 ; Theodore, 
Oct. I, 1782, died 1847; ^lary, born Nov. 14, 1784; 
Siba, Dec. 18, 1786; Lydia. June 29, 1789; Lyman: 
Ebenezer, 1794; Ruth, July 11, 1796; James; 
Amanda ; and one that died unnamed. 

Lyman Redfield was born in Killingworth in 
1 79 1, and became one of the prosperous farmers of 
Killingworth, where his life was spent, and where he 
died July 19, 1848. He first married Clarissa Par- 
melee, daughter of Henry Parmelee, of Killing- 
worth : for his second wife, he wedded Sophronia 
Kclsev. of Clinton. His children were: Mari- 
etta Elizabeth, born March, 1818: Henry Lyman, 
1820; (iustavus Kimberly, Nov. 14, 1822: Charles 
Pamiclee, March 8, 1825; and Francis Sherman, 
April, 1828. All are now deceased except Charles 
Parmelee, who resides in Clinton, Connecticut. 

Henry L. Redfield was born in 1820, and engaged 
in the coasting trade. He married Elizabeth Coe, 

daughter of Darius and Thankful Coe, of Madison, 
where Mr. Coe owned a large tract of land. The 
children born of this marriage were as follows : 
Charles Henry; John Darius, born May 31, 1842, 
died in the army ; Wellington Monroe, born Feb. 18, 
1845, <J'6d ^larch 9, 1845; George, born March 25, 
1847 : Clarissa Elizabeth, who married Edgar Spen- 
cer, of Madison. Mr, Redfield died March 19, 
185 1, aged thirty-one years, and was buried in 
West cemetery, where a monument marks his last 
resting place. His life was one of duty well per- 
formed, and he died esteemed by the whole com- 
munity. His widow resides with her son Charles 
Henry, and has attained the advanced age of eighty- 
three years. 

Charles H. Redfield was born June 10, 1840, in 
Madison, where he attended the district schools. 
The farm of 100 acres, formerly known as the Coe 
farm, is now ocupied and managed by him, and he 
has been engaged since his youth in making im- 
provements, and in bringing his land to a high state 
of cultivation. He has also successfully engaged in 
stock raising, at the same time carrying on a thriv- 
ing dairy business. 

On Feb. 20, 1862, Mr. Redfield was married to 
Emeline Smith Bolles, who was born in Niantic, 
Conn., a daughter of Francis and Nancy (Morgan) 
Bolles, of that town, the former of whom was a 
son of Calvin Bolles, and the latter a daughter of 
George Alorgan, who was a native of England. 
The children born to Mr. and ]Mrs. Redfield are as 
follows : ( I ) Jennie Thankful was educated in 
the district school. Hand Academy in Aladison, Wil- 
limantic Normal and Gafifney Business College, of 
New Haven. She is an expert typewriter and sten- 
ographer, and has taught school for four years. (2) 
Frank Henry, a carpenter and joiner, married Net- 
tie Griswold, and has three children, Mareuerite, 
Leslie Bolles and Charles Kenyon. (3) Willard. 
a machinist in New York, married Josephine Con- 
way, of Holyoke, ]Mass., and has one child, C. Mor- 
gan. (4) Charles Gustavus, a farmer, married 
Susan Trainer, of New Haven, and has one child. 
Earl Trainer. (5) Burdette Bolles is a machinist 
in New Haven. (6) Emeline Coe is a graduate of 
Hand Academy. Mr. Redfield has always taken an 
active part in the improvements in his town and 
district, and for a long time has served on the board 
of relief, where his judgment is much valued. In 
politics he is a Republican, and socially is connected 
with the A. O. U. W. The familv are members 
of the Congregational Church, to which Mr. Red- 
field cheerfully contributes, and where they are ni<ist 
highly esteemed. A man of quiet and unostentatious 
manner, he is one of the substantial citizens who 
well represent the town of Madison. 

ALMON JESSE IVES. The Ives family is one 
of the oldest in the town of Wallingford. John Ives, 
the first settler of that name in the town, was a farm- 
er and land owner, and died in Meriden. He was 



father to the following- children : John, born in 
1669, died in 1738; Hannah married Joseph Ben- 
ham Aug. 17, 1682; Joseph, born in 1674, married 
Esther Benedict May 11, 1697; Gideon married 
Mary Royce P'eb. 20, 1706; Nathaniel, born in 1677, 
married Mary Cook in 1699; Ebenezer; Samuel 
was born June 15, 1696; Benjamin was born Nov. 
22, 1699. 

Gideon Ives, noted above, was a farmer and 
land owner. He and his wife, ]Mary (Royce), had 
the following children: Sarah, born Sept. 8, 1708; 
Jonathan, born Sept. 20, 1710 (died Sept. 2, 1753) ; 
Amasa, born Aug. 24, 1712; Rhoda, born Dec. 12. 
1714; Martha, born Aug. 10, 1716; Amasa, born 
Nov. 15, 1718; Gideon, born Sept. 24, 1720; Joel, 
born Jan. 13, 1723; Mary, born Dec. 16, 1724: 
Susannah, born May 26, 1727; Esther, born Oct. 
14, 1729. The mother died Oct. 15, 1742. 

Jonathan Ives, son of Gideon, was engaged with 
his father in farming. He died Sept. 2, 1753, at 
the age of forty-three years. He married Abigail 
Burroughs, Feb. 28, 1736. 

Zachariah Ives, son of Jonathan, was born Jan. 
31, 1737, and was a farmer all his life. He located 
in the town of Cheshire, where he died IMarch 9, 
1815. His wife, Lois, also died in Cheshire. Their 
children were: (i) Rev. Reuben, born in 1761, 
graduated from Yale College in 1785, and was or- 
dained by Bishop Seabury in 1786. He was rector 
of St. Peter's Episcopal Church at Cheshire for 
thirty years, and died Oct. 14, 1836, at the age of 
seventy-five years. (2) Chauncey, born in 1762, 
died Nov. 17, 1778. (3) Lowly married Seth De 
Wolf. (4) Jared was a farmer of Cheshire. (5) 

Jesse Ives was born and reared in Cheshire, and 
upon reaching man's estate removed to the town of 
Meriden, where he lived and died. He married 
Marilla Johnson, and became the father of four 
children: Jotham ; Almon, who died in 1896; 
Rosetta, who married John Bardon ; and Lyman, 
who married Betsy Sanderson, and is deceased. 

Jotham Ives was born on the home farm in 
Meriden, where he was a farmer and stock raiser 
all his life. He died there May 18. 1864, at the 
age of fifty-six years, and was buried in the Z^Ieri- 
den cemetery. A man of strong domestic habits, he 
was honorable and upright in all his ways, and held 
in the highest esteen by those who knew him best. 
He was a Democrat in politics, but had no taste for 
party machinery, and never sought oiYice. He mar- 
ried Mary R. Way, who was born in IMeriden, a 
daughter of Samuel and Betsey (Preston) Way. 
They had children as follows : Edward ( who died 
in Cheshire); Amos; Betsey (wife of Robert W. 
Hallam) ; Julius I. ; and Almon J. The family are 
members of the Congregational Church. 

Amos Ives is engaged in business in Meriden, 
as a coal dealer ; has been very successful and is 
quite well-to-do. He has twice served as mayor of 

that city, to which office he was elected on the Dem- 
ocratic ticket, and proved very capable, his services- 
giving general satisfaction. He has two sons, Wil- 
bur B. and Cleveland A. The elder, after an at- 
tendance of a year or two at the high school, stud- 
ied at a school in Canada, and has since been in 
business with his father. Cleveland A. graduated 
from the Meriden high school in 1897, and from 
the Wesleyan College in 1901. 

Julius I. Ives still resides on the old homestead, 
and is a very successful farmer and stock raiser. 
He is a member of Hancock Lodge, No. 28, I. O. O. 
F., and is past grand of the local lodge. He has 
tW'O children. Minor and Lucretia. The son has 
finished his school work, and is now helping his 
father on the farm. 

Almon J. Ives attended the district school of 
Meriden, and remained on the farm until nineteen 
years of age, when he went to Plymouth, Conn., 
and there he spent a year clerking in a store. At 
the expiration of that time he returned to the home 
farm and engaged in its cultivation in company with 
his brother Julius I. Their father was dead, and the 
brothers continued together in farming for fifteen 
years, when Almon J. retired and settled on the 
Allen farm, in the town of "Meriden. In 1880 he 
came to Wallingford, and located in the village of 
Tracy, where he set up in business, buying out 
the grocery and good will of his father-in-law. 
Here for over fifteen years he has carried on a 
very successful and popular establishment, dealing" 
in groceries and feed. In 1885 he was appointed 
postmaster under President Cleveland and has held 
that position to the present time. He is a good busi- 
ness man, and noted for fair dealing, courteous 
demeanor and unswerving honesty. 

In 1879 Mr. Ives was married to Miss Ellen A. 
Parker, who was born in jNIeriden, a daughter of 
Edward and Harriet A. (Blake) Parker. To this 
union have come two children: ^lary, a graduate 
; of the Meriden High School, class of 1901 ; and 
Edward Jotham. '\iv. Ives is a member of Hancock 
Lodge, No. 28, I. O. O. F., and is now past grand of 
I the local lodge. 

: The Parker family, to which 3.1rs. Ives belongs, 
is traced back to John Parker, the first of the family 
in this country. He was one of the earlier settlers 
\ of Wallingford, and made his location at what is 
I known as Parker's Farms, in the western part of 
i the town. He died in 171 1, and Hannah, his 
: widow, survived until June 7, 1726. Their children 
i w^ere as follows: (i) Hannah, born Aug. 20, 1671, 
! married William Andrews Jan. 12, 1692. (2) Eliz- 
abeth married Joseph Royce March 24, 1693. (3) 
John, born March 26, 1675, married Mary Kibbe, 
i of Springfield, Mass., Nov. i, 1699. (4) Rachel, 
'\ bom June 16, 1680, married Thomas Rebyea in 
i 1700. (5) Eliplialct married Hannah Beach Aug. 
' 5. 1708. (6) Samuel married Sarah Goodsell. of 
Middletown, July 16, 1713. (7) Edward was born 

'.'if ! 

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in 1C92. (8) Mary married Joseph Clark Nov. 27, 
1707. (9) Abigail, born March 10, 1710, married 
Jose[)h Bradley Dec. 8, 1765. 

Edward Parker, son of John, the first settler of 
Parker's Farms, grew up in the town of VValling- 
ford, and after his marriage settled in Cheshire, 
where he followed farming all his life. He died 
Oct. 21, 1776, and is buried in Cheshire. He was 
three times married. Jerusha, his first wife, died 
Dec. 27, 1745- On Dec. i, 1748, he married Re- 
becca Ives, who died May 23, 1762; and on Sept. 
30, 1762, he was married to Ruth i\Ierriman ]\Ier- 
win. His children were as follows : Ralph, born 
Jan. 9, 1718, married Martha Ives, daughter of 
Gideon Ives; Athildred, born July i, 1719, mar- 
ried Timothy Hall Jan. 10, 1748; Edward, born 
March 11, 1721, is mentioned below ; Joel, born Feb. 
24, 1723, married Susannah Hotchkiss Dec. 25, 
1746; Ephraim, born Aug. 23, 1725, married Bath- 
sheba Parsons Xov. 11, 1747; Amos, born Nov. 26, 
1726, died Aug. 20, 1748; William, born in 1728, 
died May 2, 1752: Eldad, born Sept. 14. 1731, mar- 
ried Thankful Bellamy April 24, 1755, and died July 
6, 1779; Joseph ]\Ierriam, born Feb. 2, 1734, died 
March 21, 1734; Joseph, born Oct. 9, 1735, married 
Mary Andrews Islay 30, 1758. 

Edward Parker, son of Edward Parker, was also 
a farmer. He married Sarah Burroughs, and their 
children were as follows : Sarah was born in 
Cheshire Aug. 28, 1745 : Elizabeth, born June 7, 
1748, married Enos Clark, of Southington; Will- 
iam was born June 18, 1752; Abigail, born July 7, 
1755, married Deacon Benjamin Yale Dec. 17, 1777; 
Edward, born April 21, 1760, married Rebecca Hen- 
drick, and removed to Cazenovia, New York. 

William Parker, the greatTgrandfather of Mrs. 
Ives, was born in Cheshire, and was a farmer all 
his life. He married Desire Bunnell, and of their 
children we have the following record : Sarah, born 
Nov. 7, 1779, married Charles T. Hill; William 
married the widow of Reuben Hull ; Nancy married 
Dixon Lusk ; Anson ; Abigail married Elnathan 
Beach; Fanny married Simeon Perkins, and after 
his death Simeon Hersey ; and Marcus was the 
grandfather of Airs. Ives. 

Marcus Parker was born in Qieshire, where 
he spent his life engaged as a carpenter and joiner. 
He married Mehitable !Mathews. 

Edward Parker, son of ^Marcus and Mehitable 
Parker, was a carpenter in early life, and finally en- 
gaged as a grocer at Tracy. In 1882 he sold out to 
his son-in-law, and spent his last days in New Ha- 
ven, where he died. He married Harriet A. Blake, 
ancl their daughter, Ellen A., is Mrs. Almon J. 

JAMES ELTON SMITH, one of the prom- 
inent farmer citizens of North Haven, bears the hon- 
orable badge of having suffered for his countr\''s 
liberty during the Civil war. His ancestors were 
sturdy New Englanders, the first of the line in 

America, Thomas Smith, coming to these shores at 
an early day. He came by way of Boston to New 
Haven, where he was propounded for a freeman in 
1669, and was a proprietor in 1685. He evidently 
lived in that part of New Haven from which was 
created East Haven, where Dodd (who writes of the 
early families of East Haven) locates him and many 
of his posterity. In 1662 he married Elizabeth, only 
daughter of Edward Patterson, one of the original 
settlers of New Haven. 

Thomas Smith, grandfather of James E., was 
one of the well-known citizens of the Northeastern 
part of North Haven, then called "Smithtown," be- 
cause of the number of inhabitants of that name 
living there, but now known as Clintonville. Thomas 
Smith married (second) Rosanna Hull, and to 
this union were born : Ebenezer, who married Bede 
Bassett ; James, the father of our subject; Hiram, 
who married Polly Smith ; Rosanna, who married 
David Doolittle ; and Alartha, wife of George 

James Smith was born in Clintonville June 11, 
1805, and spent his youthful days in that locality. 
He was still a lad when he lost his father. Select- 
ing the trade of a shoemaker as a lucrative one, 
Mr. Smith bade fair to become an excellent work- 
man, but he accidentally thrust an awl into his eye 
and was deprived of the sight of that member, later 
in life becoming totally blind. Being thus obliged 
to give up his trade, farming seemed the best occupa- 
tion open to him, and he secured farm work in var- 
ious parts of his town and Wallingford. He finally 
settled down to agricultural work on the homestead 
in North Haven, now occupied by his son, where he 
and his wife died, he in 1887. ]Mrs. Smith sur- 
vived to be ninety years and thirteen days old, dy- 
ing in -May, 1897. Her maiden name was Emily 
Bassett, and she was a daughter of Jesse and Pa- 
tience (Blakeslee) Bassett. The children born to 
]Mr. and Airs. Smith were: Sarah Lavinia, who 
married Alarcus A. Marks, of Wallingford ( a sol- 
dier of the Civil war) ; Edward A., who married 
Hannah Alaria Tucker; Willis L., who married Ale- 
lissa Way, and lived in Aleriden ; James Elton ; 
Emily A., wife of Isaac L. Doolittle, who resides 
with Mr. Smith (he served through the Civil war) ; 
Sanford B. (also a veteran of the Civil war), who 
married Sarah Lovejoy ; Catherine A., who resides 
with her brother, and Charles B., who married, first. 
Alary Boyington (who died in 1888), and second 
Edith Church (who also died). 

James E. Smith was born Aug. 8, 1835, in \Vall- 
ingford, where his boyhood days were spent, and 
there he attended the district school, later going to 
work on a farm and earning what were then consid- 
ered good wages. He spent sixteen years in Wall- 
ingford, and four years in Ulster county, N. Y. 
Upon his return to New Haven he was employed by 
William Parmelee as a gardener, but the tenor of 
his whole life was changed by the Civil war. On 
Sept. 7, 1861, he became a member of Company E, 



7th Conn. V. I., under Capt. Charles Palmer, of 
Winsted, who died in the service. During the 
stormy days which followed, Mr. Smith accom- 
panied his regiment through the battles of Port 
Royal, Johnson's Island, Fort Pulaski, James Island, 
Pocotaligo, St. John's Blutif. Fort Wagner. Fort 
Gregg, Fort Sumter, Bermuda Hundred, Drury's 
BlulY, Deep Bottom and Deep Run. At the last 
named engagement, on August 16, 1864, he was se- 
verely wounded in the leg, and for one and one- 
lialf years this gallant anil faithful soldier made 
his way on crutches, his right leg being yet so crip- 
pled that it is stiff, and his foot, ever so ready to 
follow in the march, is crooked beyond help. He 
received his discharge for disability May 22, 1865. 
These things are written on the" hearts of the 
3'ounger generation and explain in part the respect 
accorded the American veteran soldiers. 

When able again to take up the duties of life, 
Mr. Smith returned to farm work, his aged father 
Tieedingf his assistance, and after the death of the 
father ^Ir. Smith took entire management of the es- 
tate. He holds a high position in the community, 
commanding the unqualified respect of all who know 

A stanch Republican in political views, 'Sir. Smith 
has been active in local affairs, and has been called 
upon to serve in several important positions. He 
is a member of the board of relief, and during the 
administrations of Speakers Harrison, Hall. Chase 
and Pine, in 1881-82-83-84, was doorkeeper of the 
Connecticut House of Representatives. Socially he 
is connected with Admiral Foote Post, Xo. 17, G. 
A. R., of New Haven. He has long been a member 
of the Congregational Church of North Haven. 

SAMUEL A. LEWIS is well known in Xew 
Haven business circles as the proprietor of an ex- 
cellent storage and transfer warehouse, the best 
and largest in the city. He was born in Xauga- 
tuck. this county. April 4, 1846. son of Lucien F. 
Lewis, also a native of Xaugatuck. Asahel Lewis, 
his grandfather, was a farmer, and died at the 
early age of thirty-five years. He married Sarah 
Atkins, who lived to be eighty-one years old, and 
they had five children, all of whom are now de- 

Lucien F. Lewis, the father of Samuel A., was 
reared in Xaugatuck. where he followed farming 
during the earlier years of his life, and he was en- 
gaged in brickmaking at Southington and Cheshire. 
He died at Soutliington in 1878. He married 
Susan Hitchcock, a native of Southington, where 
her father, Samuel Hitchcock, was long a promi- 
nent farmer. I\Irs. Susan Lewis was one of a fam- 
ily of three children. To Mr. and ^Irs. Lewis 
came five children, tour of whom are now living: 
Henry D., who is in Xew Haven; Samuel A.: Ed- 
ward M., a foundryman in .\nniston, Ala. ; and 
Elliot L., superintendent of a wire mill at Troy, 
X. Y. Mrs. Lewis died at tlie age of sixty-eight. 

Both parents were members of the Congregational 
Church, in which he was a deacon, and they were 
active workers in both church and Sunday-school. 
Their children were reared in the faith of the 
church, and became members as they reached ma- 
ture years. 

Samuel A. Lewis spent his earlier years in 
X'augatuck, and in 1853 accompanied his parents 
to West Haven, where the family resided until 
1862. From that year until 1868 he was engaged 
•in the Cheshire brickmaking enterprise, in com- 
pany with his father. Fromi the year last named 
he was in Southington with his father until 1872, 
when he bought out his father's interest, and ran 
the business alone until 1874. The ensuing year he 
was in the brick business at Xorth Haven, and then 
engaged in trucking at Xaugatuck until 1881, in 
which year he transferred himself to Xorth Haven, 
and again carried on the manufacture of brick until 
1884. That year he came to Xew Haven and 
founded the business which he now carries on ; 
tmtil 1890 he was also engaged in trucking. In 
1893 he finished his present warehouse in Olive 
street, a magnificent structure, having 102 feet 
front, 168 feet depth, and four stories in height, 
the entire space being devoted to storage. It is 
the largest building of the kind in the city, and 
the business created now gives employment to fif- 
teen men and twenty horses, and is constantly in- 
creasing. Mr. Lewis is noted as having the larg- 
est business of the kind in the State, incorporated 
as the S. A. Lewis Storage & Transfer Co., of 
which he is president. He has another warehouse, 
built in 1884, 55 by no feet, and two and one- 
half stories high, which is situated on Whalley 
avenue. There he did business until 1893, when 
he put up a building in Olive street, and in 1898 
erected another, on Brewery street, 40 by 90 feet, 
and two stories in height. Air. Lewis is well pre- 
pared for every kind of work that belongs to 
trucking and storage. Air. Lewis began life with- 
out capital, and by dint of his own energies has 
won a foremost position among the better class of 
business men in his city, and the foremost posi- 
tion of any man in his line, in either Xew Haven 
or Connecticut. He is a man of energy, and has a 
personal knowledge of every detail of the immense 
business of which he is the head. Personally he 
is a modest, plain man. enjoying to an unusual 
extent the confidence of the best people of Xew 
Haven, who make up the major portion of his pa- 
I Irons. 

! Mr. Lewis was married in 1870 to Sarah J. 
j Pardee, a native of Cheshire, and a daughter of 
' George F. Pardee, a farmer of that town, who 
lived to be seventy-five. Louisa (Cook), his wife; 
was born in Cheshire, of an old family. They had 
i four children, three of whom are living: Sarah 
i J., Airs. Lewis: and George and Georgia, twins, 
; the former a resident of Cheshire, the latter the 
i wife of Edward T. Hall, of Cheshire. 

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Mr. Lewis is a Republican, and belongs to the 
Congregational Church. He is popular in the city, 
and his friends regard him highly as a reliable and 
trustworthy man. 

GEORGE C. FIELD, a prominent citizen of 
I'ranford, who has united the occupations of farm- 
ing and blacksmithing in a long and honorable life, 
was born in Killingworth, Conn., March 6, 1836, 
son of Danford Clark and Lucretia ( Griswold ) 
Eield, natives of Clinton and Killingworth, respec- 

1 he father of our subject was reared in his native 
place, and was a shoemaker by trade. At one time 
in his life he was a merchant. Locating in Bran- 
ford April I, 1836, he followed farming there the 
balance of his life, dying Nov. 29, 1S90, at the ven- 
erable age of eighty-five years. He had a numer- 
ous family, of whom the following lived to maturity: 
Cynthia J., who married James S. Ludington ; John 
R., now deceased; Michael G., now deceased; 
George C. ; Chancellor \V. ; Edmimd L, who was 
killed at the battle of Antietam, during the Civil 
war; David DeF., who is now deceased; Stillman 
K., now deceased ; James R. ; \'iletta S. ; and Har- 
riet M., who married Elmer Hurst. The paternal 
grandfather of George C. Field, James E. Field, 
was a son of Samuel Field. The maternal grand- 
fathef of JMr. Field was I^Iichael Griswold. Both 
these worthies were lifelong farmers, the former in 
Clinton, and the latter in Killingworth. 

George C. Field was reared in Branford, where 
he has always lived. Here he began his business 
career by serving an apprenticeship of three and a 
half years at the blacksmith trade, and he has also 
carried on farming in connection with the shop. 
Mr. Field was married, Aug. 2J, 1863, to Sarah, a 
daughter of George L. and ^^latilda L. (Dowd) 
Dowd, of Madison. Air. Field has been selectman 
of Branford, and in politics is a Democrat. 

pastor of the Church of the Redeemer, Xew Haven, 
was born in West Troy, X. Y.. Jan. 28, 1850, son of 
Rev. Jonas and Maria E. (Xims) Phillips.- 

Rev. Jonas Phillips was a native of Fishkill-on- 
the-Hudson, where many of the name still reside. 
He and his wife had four children : Anna, now 
a resident of Ballston Spa, X. Y. ; Emma F., who 
died in 1871 ; Watson Lyman, whose name intro- 
duces this sketch : and Olin F., who died in early 
childhood. The father died in 1883, at the age of 
si.\ty-three, and the mother lived to the age of 
eighty. Rev. Jonas Phillips was a teacher in early 
life, and afterward entered the ministry of the 
.Methodist Church, becoming a member of the Troy 
Conference. He was a fluent speaker, an effective 
lecturer, a zealous temperance worker, and was 
also active in missionary work, serving as treasurer 
ot the missionary society of his conference. Mr. 
Phillips enjoyed great popularity wherever he was 

known, and commanded the highest respect of all 
with whom he came in contact. He was a prominent 
member of the Masonic Fraternity, in politics was 
an ardent Republican, and he was an unusually well 
informed man in many lines. 

Through his mother Dr. Phillips is descended 
I from Godfrey Xims, one of the early settlers of 
Deerfield, Mass., whose house was burned, some 
of his children killed, and others, with his wife, car- 
ried to Canada, at the time of the Deerfield massa- 

Dr. Phillips obtained his early education at pri- 
vate schools, at the Poultney (Vt.) Academy, and 
the Fort Edward (X. Y.) Institute. He was gradu- 
ated from Wesleyan University, Middletown, Conn.. 
in 1872, and then took a partial course at the Theo- 
logical School of Boston University, in the spring 
of 1873 joining the Providence Annual Conference 
of the Alethodist Episcopal Church. His first pas- 
torates were in Massachusetts, where he preached 
successively in the churches at West Duxburv. 
South Yarmouth, Fall River (the First Church) 
and Xew Bedford (the County Street Church). In 
1880 he was called to the pastorate of the Summer- 
field Church, Brooklyn, X. Y., and later to St. 
John's Church, in that city. In 1888 he became pas- 
tor of the First Church in Wilkesbarre, Pa., one 
of the largest and strongest churches in that part 
of the State. In 1890 he accepted a call to the 
Church of the Redeemer (Congregationalist), Xew 
Haven, Conn., where he still remains. Dr. Phillips 
made the change of denominations because of his 
fondness for the Congregational polity and for a 
settled pastorate, and because of the influence of 
Presbyterian blood inherited from his mother's fam- 
ily. The Church of the Redeemer is one of the 
most prominent churches of the State, and is dis- 
tinguished for its members' influence and liberalitv. 
The society conducts the Oak Street Mission, ne- 
cessitating the employment of an assistant pastor 
and a lady missionary. This energetic and active 
congregation conducts a reading room,- clubs for 
boys and young men, a sewing school, mothers' 
meeting. Band of Hope, Penny Savings Bank, sing- 
ing classes, kitchen garden and the usual Sunday- 
school and gospel services. 

Dr. Phillips is well known as a lecturer and 
after-dinner speaker. He is deeply interested in 
all movements toward good citizenship. In college 
he was a member of the Greek letter fraternities 
Alpha Delta Phi and Phi Beta Kappa. He received 
the degree of M. A. from Wesleyan University in 
course, and the degree of D. D. in 1889 from that 
institution and Dickinson College. Dr. Phillips is 
a Freemason, and was formerly chaplain of lodges 
in South Yarmouth and Fall River, Mass. He 
is a meml>er of the Graduates Club and of the 
Congregational Club, both of X^ew Haven, and 
served one year as president of the latter. He is a 
corporate member of the American Board and the 
Connecticut Bible Society ; is a director of the Con- 



gregational Home Missionary Society, of the Con- 
necticut Missionary Society and the Organized 
Charities Association, New Haven ; and has for 
many years been president of the New Haven City 
Missionary Association. His political support is 
given to the Republican party. 

On June 22, 1873, Dr. Phillips was married to 
Ella Vernon Stetson, of East Pembroke, Mass., and 
children as follows have been born to this marriage : 
Arthur Vernon, Frank Lyman and Ruth Palmer. 
The eldest son received his literary education in the 
common and high schools, studied one year at the 
Yale Law School, and is now on the staff of the 
Evening Leader. He married Miss Charlotte Pal- 
mer, of New Haven. Fiank L. is attending Shef- 
field Scientific School, preparatory to taking up the 
study of medicine. The daughter is being educated 
at the National Park Seminary, Forest Glen, ]\Iary- 

Mrs. Phillips heartily co-operates in her hus- 
band's work, and is a manager of the Home for the 
Friendless, and of the Young Woman's Christian 
Association in New Haven. She is a member of the 
Daughters of the American Revolution, and her 
family has a fine record for services in the Revolu- 
tion. One of her ancestors, Cornet Robert Stetson, 
a resident of Scituate, Mass., was active in Colonial 
affairs in his locality and was a member of the 
First Company, Governor's Guard. He owned a 
large tract of land. Alexander Stetson, }ilrs. Phill- 
ips' father, was born on the original tract in Scituate, 
and worked all his life as a mechanic and "box fit- 
ter." He died at the age of eighty-four, the mother 
at the age of seventy-three. They were identified 
with the Methodist Church. Mrs. Phillips is also 
descended from Gov. Thomas Prince, who served 
as governor of Plymouth Colony from 1634 to 
1638, and from 1657 to 1663, and assistant governor 
from 1635 to 1657. 

JOHN LINES, an ex-soldier of the Civil war, 
and at present superintendent of the burner depart- 
ment for the Scovill Manufacturing Co. at Water- 
bury, was born in that town, then known as Naug- 
atuck, Jan. 7, 1833. His father, Joseph W. Lines, 
a farmer of Bethany, New Haven county, was one 
of a large family of children, several of whose 
names are still remembered, viz. : Lewis, Linas, Jos- 
eph W., Nancy and Julia. Others went West, and 
their names are not now known. Lewis was a far- 
mer in Bethany, where his death took place ; Linas 
went to Illinois when young, and was a fanner ; 
Julia was married to a ]Mr. Boughton, and went 
West ; Nancy first married a ^Ir. Sperry, and later 
became the wife of John Gorham. 

Joseph W. Lines, father of our subject, was an 
axmaker by trade and later became an adept at the 
forge, at which he worked in Naugatuck, Spring 
Mills, N. J., Farmington, Conn., and Berlin, this 
State. At one time he was an overseer at the Con- 
cord, N. H., State prison. He married Lydia Rus- 

sell, daughter of Enoch Russell, a sawmiller of 
Prospect, Conn., where her birth took place, and to 
this marriage were born four children : Henry ; 
Jane; one that died in infancy, unnamed; and John, 
the subject of this sketch, who is the only one that 
survived childhood. The father was first a Whig 
politically, and later became a Republican. He 
passed the declining years of his life in Naugatuck. 

John Lines spent his boyhood in Waterbury, 
in New Jersey and at Farmington, Conn. At the 
proper age he was apprenticed to a machinist in 
Bristol, Conn., thoroughly learned the trade, fol- 
lowed it at New Haven for a time, and later with 
the Wheeler & Wilson ^Manufacturing Co. at Wat- 
ertown. Conn. He also worked in Waterbury, and 
was there at the breaking out of the Civil war, when 
he enlisted in Company C, 14th C. V. I. He was 
detailed as a musician, and served two years and 
ten months. 

After returning to Waterbury from his army 
service Mr. Lines worked at his trade for various 
employers until 1873, when he was given the su- 
perintendency of a contract at Sing Sing, N. Y., 
which occupied his attention one year. Returning 
to Waterbury, he was employed there until 1881, 
when he was placed in charge of a contract at 
Cleveland, Ohio, which took another year of his 
time. On his return, in 1882, he accepted his pres- 
ent position with the Scovill }ilanufacturing Co., 
\vhich he has filled with the utmost satisfaction to 
all concerned. 

In 1857 Mr. Lines married Miss Sarah J. Neale, 
of Plainville, Conn., a daughter of Jeremiah Neale, 
a native of the town. This union has been graced 
with one child, Clarence W., who is in the employ 
of the Scovill Manufacturing Co. Mr. Lines is a 
stanch Republican in politics. He is a member of 
the Grand Army of the Republic, and also belongs 
to the Improved Order of Red Men. In religion he 
is a Baptist. He is universally respected in the 
community for his integrity and steady-going hahif's. 

HERBERT BARNES belongs to an old and 
prominent Connecticut family, of which he is a 
most worthy descendant. The first member of the 
family in Connecticut was Thomas Barnes, who 
arrived from England in 1040, and located at East 
Haven, where he married. To this emigrant settler 
and ancestor, and his wife Elizabeth, was born a 
son, Thomas (2), whose birth occurred Aug. 26, 
1653. This son married Mary Hubbard, June 26, 
1675, and on her death wedded Abigail Frost. 

Thomas Barnes (3), son of Thomas (2), was 
born July 26, 1687, and married Mary Leek May 
18, 1709. 

Capt. Joshua Barnes, son of Thomas, was born 
July II, 1722, and married Deborah Woodin Dec. 
26, 1745. He won his title in the Revolution, and 
died June 7, 1790. She died in 1782. 

Deacon Joshua Barnes, son of Capt. Joshua, was 
born in 1756, and died Aug. 11, 1839. A patriot of 



the war of the Revohition. he first enHsted in June, 
1776, in the company commanded by Capt. Jacob 
Brockett. In 1779 he was a member of the "Alarm 
List." In 1797, 1798 and 1799 he represented his 
town in the General Assembly, and for fifteen 
vears served as justice of the peace in North Ha- 
ven. In 1800 he was chosen a deacon in Dr. 
Trumbull's Church, and retained that position until 
his death, on Aug. 11, 1839. His name appears on 
the United States Pension Rolls of 1832. Deacon 
Barnes was an extensive farmer in North Haven, 
where he was also engaged in stone dealing. In 
the community he exercised much influence, and 
was highly esteemed for his many good qualities. 
Feb. 15, 1781, he married Mercy Tuttle. who died 
April I, 1828. They became the parents of six 
children: (i) Joshua, born in 1781, died Nov. 25, 
1886; (2) Frederick, born July 4, 1784; (3) Alary, 
born Aug. 16, 1787, died at the age of four months : 
(4) Mary (2), born May 30, 1789, was married 
in 181 1 to Andrew Pierpont, and died ]May 20, 
1840; (5) Rebecca, born April 5. 1791, was mar- 
ried in 1818, to Eleazer Warner; (6) Byard, born 
in North Haven, Jan. 22, 1794. 

Deacon Byard Barnes, youngest child of Deacon 
Joshua and Mercy (Tuttle) Barnes, was a prom- 
inent man of godly spirit. During the first half of 
the century just closed he was one of the best 
known and most highly honored citizens of North 
Haven. Born near the close of the i8th century, 
he early walked before his fellow men with such 
sterling worth and manly piety that in 1824, when 
only thirty years of age, he was chosen a deacon 
in the church, and sustained such relations until his 
death, Feb. 5, i86r, a period of thirty-seven years. 
A devoted Christian and high-minded gentleman, 
he died in the triumph of faith, leaving to his chil- 
dren the legacy of a good name, and the memory 
of a beautiful affection, and to all men the example 
of an upright and just life. 

Deacon Byard Barnes remained at home until 
his marriage to Dede E. Gill, Nov. 6, 1816. Soon 
after this he went to Ithaca. N. Y., where he was 
engaged in farming some two years, then returned 
to North Haven. A stone cutter by trade, he also 
worked at cabinetmaking and blacksmithing very 
successfully, becoming quite well-to-do. He filled 
the office of justice of the peace for many years. 
By his first marriage he had three children : Au- 
gusta, born Aug. i, 1817; Dede G., born Oct. i, 
1819; and Ellen A., born Feb. 15, 1822: Deacon 
Barnes was married (second) March 31, 1824. to 
Cleora Lindsey, by whom he had the following 
children: Andrew, born Feb. 3, 1825; Byard. Dec. 
II, 1826; Celestia C, Aug. 10, 1828; [Marcus L., 
Dec. ID, 1830; Eli H., July 20. 1832: Herbert, Feb. 
4. 1834; Stewart, July 16, 1836; and Eli Henry (2), 
Jan. 17, 1838. 

Herbert Barnes, whose birth is noted in the 
above family, is one of the most important factors 
in the business life of Fair Haven, where his good 

sense, sterling honesty and manifest ability have 
won him success and the confidence of the public. 
Mr. Barnes has had but little assistance from 
friends or fortune in climbing the heights to which 
he has attained. His enterprise, well-directed eft'ort 
and grim determination to win out, along with deal- 
ings of the utmost honor, have contributed es- 
pecially toward his prosperity, and he has arrived 
at a period where he can look back over the years 
and congratulate himself that so much has been 
accomplished by his industry and character. 

Mr. Barnes was reared in North Haven, where 
he attended the local schools, and remained at home 
with his parents until his marriage, Jan. 28, 1858, 
to Miss Elizabeth S. Dickerman. To them have 
been born two children : Edward H. and Arthur 
D. Edward H. was born Nov. i, i860, and on 
June 20, 1883, married Lula R. Hemmingway. They 
have two children — Herbert, born Jan. 8, 1884, and 
Harold H., born Aug. 28, 1886. Edward H. 
Barnes now takes his father's place in Strong, 
Barnes, Hart & Co., and has pnoved himself a busi- 
ness man. He has many fine traits of character, 
and is greatly respected among all his associates. 
(2) Arthur D., born Nov. 14, 1862, was married 
Oct. II, 1899, to Anna May Stoner, and they have 
one child, Elizabeth Sylvia, born July 17, 1900. He 
is a manufacturer in Philadelphia, being a member 
of the Murray, Barnes & Alurray Co., manufac- 
turers of chamois leather. He is very prosperous 
and a capable business man. 

Soon after his marriage Mr. Barnes located 
where he is found at the present time, and where 
he was successfully engaged in the wholesale 
butcher and stock business until 1872. That year 
he consolidated his business with that of Strong 
& Hart, of New Haven, under the firm name of 
Strong, Barnes, Hart & Co. They carry on a whole- 
sale meat and cold storage business, and do the 
most extensive business of any firm in New Ha- 
ven. In 1887 Mr. Barnes became a heavy stock- 
holder in the Swift Packing Co., of Chicago, and 
holds a position in that organization as one of its di- 
rectors. He has practically retired from active par- 
ticipation in business affairs, though his interest 
has in no way abated. 

Air. Barnes is a member of the Congregational 
Church, of Fair Haven. Socially he is a Royal 
Arch Mason, having been associated with the fra- 
ternity for about forty years. He is a Republican in 
politics. His pleasant manner wins him many 
friends, and he is one of the popular and honored 
citizens of his community. 

the well-known and enterprising German-Ameri- 
cans of Meriden, was born at Werdau, Saxony, Ger- 
many, May 26, 1841, and is a descendant of a long 
line of notable ancestors. 

Gottlieb Schmelzer, his grandfather, was a na- 
tive of the same town, which was the home of his 




family, and devoted his life to the manufacture 
of woolen goods. A very successful man, he left 
his family in good circumstances. 

Charles August Schmelzer, Sr., son of Gottlieb 
and father of Charles August, was also born in 
Werdau and followed his father's business. He 
was very successful and died at the age of forty- 
five years. Johanna Wetzel, his wife, was born 
in Werdau, the daughter of August Wetzel. She 
became the mother of ten children, eight of whom 
died while young. Of this family Charles August 
is the eldest, and the only survivor ; Bruno died in 
1897, in his native town. Mrs. Schmelzer died in 
1896 in her native town. 

Charles August Schmelzer had a good educa- 
tion in his native town, and upon leaving school "was 
sent by his parents to an adjoining town to learn the 
woolen manufacturing business, receiving only his 
board for his four years' services. Returning home 
on the death of his father, in company with an uncle, 
he took charge of the manufacturing business, and 
remained with him. until he reached the age of 
twenty-two years. At that age he began business 
for himself, which he continued seven years, when 
he had to give it up, as the times had set in fatally 
against his trade. Resolved to retrieve his mis- 
fortunes, he brought his family to this country in 
1871, landing in Xew York. He found employment 
dn the woolen mills, in Meriden, and remained 
there for six months. At the end of that time he 
worked in the screw factory of the Charles Parker 
Co., six months, and after an absence of several 
months in New York and Albany, came back to 
Meriden in 1872, where he was again employed in 
the screw factory of the Parker Company, and then • 
in the woolen mill. In 1879 the failure of the mill 
compelled him to take a position as shipping clerk, 
with the Malleable Iron Co., where he was busy for 
a period of nine years. 

In 1889 Mr. Schmelzer bought the coal and 
wood business which was owned by George C. 
Beadle, and this has been his vocation for the past 
twelve years. In that time he has built up a verv- 
successful business. In 1893 he bought the present 
place, owned at that time by Walter Hubbard, where 
he has superior accommodations. Here he has built 
a coal pocket of ten departments, holding tons 
of coal, and made other improvements, which have 
cost him over $20,000. In 1873 ^^''- Schmelzer 
started a news depot and stationery business, which 
has proved very successful. In 1886 he began an 
express business, which has greatly grown on his 
hands. In 1897 he began the manufacture of cigars, 
which he carries on both as a wholesale and retail 
enterprise ; this has proved highly remunerative, 
and gives employment to a number of men. 'Sir. 
Schmelzer has e.xtensive real estate interests, and 
is a hustling and energetic business man. 

Mr. Schmelzer was married in Gcrmanv to 
Flora Schoen, a daughter of Gottlieb Schoen. and a 
native of Werdau. To this union were born ten 

children, five of whom lived to maturity: Edmund, 
who is in business with his father ; Oscar, who 
married a Miss ^Maloy, and died in 1899; Victor, in 
the drug business on East Main street ; Charles, who 
lives in Germany with an uncle; and Emma, who 
graduated from the high school, and also from the 
Voung Ladies' Institute at Hoboken, Xew Jersey. 
In 1875 Mr. Schmelzer secured the agencv of 
the North German Lloyd & Hamburg S. S. Line, 
which he still holds, in local atfairs he is some- 
what prominent, and for six years represented the 
Fifth Ward in the city council. In politics he is a 
Democrat, but takes a very independent stand. In 
matters of education he takes a deep interest, and 
is one of the organizers of the German-American 
School. Air. Schmelzer was one of the organizers 
of the Board of Trade, and his connection with it 
has been very prominent and highly useful. He 
has taken a broad view of the commercial interests 
of Meriden, and a letter of his dated Jan. 18, 1897, 
and addressed to the directors of the board, was 
replete with useful information and valuable sug- 
gestions. It was attended with much discussion,, 
and produced valuable results. Socially he belongs 
to Teutonic Lodge, No. 95, I. O. O. F., the D. O. 
H., and the Cosmopolitan Club. He also belongs 
to the Saengerbund, and was four years treasurer of 
the Turnverein. The family attends Emanuel 
Evangelical Lutheran Church. 

DR. CALVIN L. ELY, a retired dentist of 
Branford, was born in Cheshire, New Haven Co., 
Conn., Nov. 7, 1828, a son of Calvin and Nancy 
Ely (Alford) Ely, both natives of Harwinton, Con- 

Jacob Ely, the grandfather of Calvin L., was 
born in Old Lyme, New London Co., Conn. He 
served in two different regiments during the war 
of the Revolution, holding rank as a sergeant, tak- 
ing part in the battle of Bunker Hill and in other 
important engagements. Five of his brothers^ 
John, Benjamin, Gad, Andrew and Seth, also took 
part in the war, Andrew Ely being killed in a 
skirmish at King's Bridge, New York. After the 
struggle, Jacob Ely settled in Harwinton, where 
he carried on farming, and for twenty-eight years 
taught school in his own house. He died in 1836. 
He was twice married, and his first wife. Tem- 
perance Tiffany, bore him three children : Eli, 
Aaron and Temperance ( who married Samuel Os- 
bornj). For his second wife he married Lois 
Beebe, daughter of David and Sarah ( Lord ) Bee- 
be. of Lyme, and by this union had seven children l 
Calvin. Clark. Setli_. Benjamin, Gad. Seabury and 
Jacob. The family were all well educated, and sev- 
eral members became well known in their various 
lines. Aaron was one of the compilers of the orig- 
inal Webster's dictionary : he was assisted by his 
brother Calvin, father of Dr. Calvin Ely. Gad Ely, 
who died in Philadelphia in 1837, aged thirty- 
nine, was noted for his penmanship, of which our 

M ,)■ , r , .<!:. 'r'".';:'!'i' 

■■i:- (' 

' f . 

■ 1 . .- •■->:■ 


■ ri« i1»fiiir .- 

■^■^^■-— ■^"*-' . 

C&LYm L. ELY. 




subject has several fine specimens ; and he taught 
ornanioiital penmanship in this country and Ku- 
ro|K'. lie was married, but left no children. Seth 
Llv was a composer of sacred music, and he died 
uii'niarricd at the age of forty. Benjamin Ely, 
wlio was a teacher of vocal music, died young. 
Clark Ely died in Pittsburg, Penn., leaving one 
child, now ^^Irs. John Getty, of Pittsburg. Sea- 

iving a large 

burv Ely died on Eong Island, 

The paternal great-grandmother of Dr. Ely was 
E)orcas (Andrews) Ely, a daughter of an old fam- 
ily. James Ely was the son of William, who was 
a son of William, who was a son of Richard Ely, 
the ancestor of the family in this country, who 
came from Pl3-mouth, England, in 1660, and was 
among the first settlers of Lyme. His wife was 
a sister of Lord Fenwick. 

Calvin Ely, son of Jacob, and the father of 
Calvin L., was reared in Harwinton. He was a 
farmer and teacher in early life, teaching school in 
the States of New York and Pennsylvania. His 
last years were spent in Xaugatuck, Conn., where 
he died in 1868. He left two children, Calvin L. 
and Grisw^old S., twins. Griswold S. went to 
Cahfornia, where he died in 1896. 

Calvin L. Ely w^as reared and educated in 
Cheshire, Conn., and locating in Branford in 1849, 
began the study of dentistry in 185 1. Three years 
later he opened an office for the practice of his 
profession in New Haven, where he continued un- 
til 1862, when he recruited Company B, 27th 
Conn. V. I., and went to the front as its captain. 
He entered the service Aug. 19, 1862, and took 
part in many of the bloodiest battles of the w-ar. 
particularly at Fredericksburg and Gettysburg. 
He was never wounded or captured. Mustered out 
July 28, 1863, he returned to the practice of his 
profession in New Haven. Dr. Ely organized the 
first cornet band in the town of Branford, and was 
organist in the Baptist Church of that place for 
over twenty years. In 1890 he gave up active work, 
and is now living retired. 

On June 5, 1850, in the Baptist Church of 
Branford, Dr. Ely married Sarah Beers, only 
child of Lester and Mary (Stedman) Beers. Her 
father died when forty-three years of age, and 
his widow afterwards married James Linsley. 
She died in 1900 at the advanced age of eighty- 
nme years, six months. Mrs. Ely comes from an 
old and noted family. James Beers of North 
Guilford, was her grandfather, and his father, 
James Beers, of Middletown, was a son of James 
iieers, of Stratford, both being soldiers in the Rev- 
olutionary war. Benjamin Stedman, father of 
Mary, named above, was born in Newbern, X. 
C., was a sea captain, and met his death at sea. 
Polly Linsley, his wife, was a daughter of Samuel 
Linslov. of Branford, whose wife was a Whcaton. 
Mrs. Ely's great-grandmother, Sila Foote, was a 
native of Connecticut, and went to Newbern, N. 

C, to teach school ; she was also a music teacher. 
There she married Benjamin Stedman, and their 
son Benjamin, previously mentioned, was the ma- 
I ternal grandfather of Mrs. Ely. Rew Hopson, 
j great-grandfather of .Mrs. Ely, 'was a sergeant in 
j tht Revolutionary war; his wife was Sarah Tib- 
I bals, of Haddam. 

I _ Dr. and ]Mrs. Ely have four children: (i) 
Frances Anna married Benjamin E. Goodrich,. 
owner of the Indian Neck Flotel at Branford, and 
had one daughter, Mabel Ely Goodrich. After his 
death, she became the wife of Charles K. Gorham. 
(2) Adrian Griswold married Elvira Averill, and 
has three children : Esther E., John Calvin and 
Leila Alay. One child, Adrain Fenwick, died in, 
infancy. (3) Hattie Alford, a graduate of the 
Branford High School, was a teacher in the gram- 
mar school, teacher of music in several depart- 
ments, and instructor of German in the High 
School ; she is now an official court stenographer 
in New Haven, Conn., and is a notary public, and 
as such acts in many important hearings. (4J Lot- 
tie Af. married Charles Beers, and has four chil- 
dren living, Alaud Beatrice, Hazel Ely, ]\Iaida Re- 
becca and Irma Elizabeth. Two, Charles Harold 
and Violet, are deceased. On June 5, 1900, the 
Doctor and his wife celebrated their golden wed- 
ding. About four hundred guests were present, 
and the occasion was a very enjoyable one. Dr. 
Ely 'is a member of the Widow's Son Lodge, No. 
66, F. & A. M. He is of irreproachable habits, 
and is widely known as a man of the finest char- 
acter. The first commander of Mason Rogers Post, 
No. 7, G. A. R., he has ever taken a deep interest ira 
the prosperity of that order. In politics he is a, 
stanch Republican. 

While abroad this summer. Miss Hattie Alford 
Ely visited Winchester, England, the ancestral home 
of the Ely family, where the genealogy dates back 
to before the discovery of America. One of the an- 
cestors, John Ely, was Warden of the Palace of 
the Bishops of Winchester in 1540. The office 
of Warden was one of great dignity and im- 
portance, ranking next to that dignitary, the 
Bishop. A member of the family who died recent- 
ly in England, in the town of Ely, was John Ely, 
Lord Bishop of the Diocese of Ely. 

TUTTLE. The Tuttle family, of whom the 
late Joel Tuttle, general merchant, Guilford, was 
an honored member, is an old settled one in New 
Haven county. 

(I) William Tuttle, the first of that name in 

this country, emigrated with his wife ElizahLih 

from England in the "Planter," and was among 

the earliest settlers on Stony creek, in East Haven, 

i about the year 1635. At the time of sailing his age 

I given as twenty-six. He was a man of cour- 

I age, enterprise, intelligence, probity and piety, 

i and was the equal socially of anv of the colonists. 

I His wife died in 1684. We have the following rec- 




ord of his children : Thomas, Jonathan, Sarah, 
Joseph, Simon and Xathanicl. Of these, 

(II) Joseph Tuttle. baptized in 1640, in New 
Haven, married, in 1667, Hannali Munson, daiigli- 
ter of Capt. Thomas AInnson. Joseph Tuttle died. 
in 1690, and his widow married Xathan Bradley. 
He left the followinrr children : Joseph, born 
March 18, 1668 (mentioned below) ; Samuel, July 
15, 1670; Stephen, ]\Iay 20, 1673; Joanna; Tim- 
othy, September, 1676; Susanna, Feb. 20, 1679; 
Elizabeth, July 12, 1C83; Hannah, Alay, 1685 (who 
died young) ; and Hannah ( 2 ) . 

(HI) Joseph Tuttle married in Milford, Conn., 
Nov. 10, 1691, Elizabeth Sanford, and had chil- 
dren: Joseph, born Xov. 10, 1692, who died in 
J761 (mentioned below) ; Xoah, born Oct. 12, 
2694; Catherine; Elizabeth, born July 27, 1705; 
and Thankful, bom Sept. 3, 1709. 

(IV) Joseph Tuttle was captain of a train-band 
in East Haven and was quartermaster of troops 
in the Second Regiment in 1742. He was several 
times elected moderator, and was at various times 
school committeeman. He married }^Iercy Thomp- 
son, daughter of John and Mercy Thompson, of 
East Haven. She died in 1761. leaving seven chil- 
dren: Joel, born Oct. 28, 1718, who is mentioned 
below; Alary, born Dec. 22, 1720, who married 
John Heminway; Anne (or Anna) (i), born in 
1726; Mercy, born Sept. 17, 1730, who married, in 
1746, Abraham Heminway; Comfort, born in 1732; 
Joseph, bom in 1734; and Samuel, born in 1741. 
Joseph Tuttle married (second) Mrs. Sarah Wash- 
burn, a widov.% and by her had three children : 
Joseph, Anne (or Anna) (21, and Benjamin. 

(V) Joel Tuttle married, in 1743. Rebecca 
Rowe, who was born in East Haven in 171 3, a 
oaughter of ^Vlatthew and Rebecca (Mix) Rowe, 
and they had eight children : Stephen, born in 
1744; Joel, born in East Haven, Conn., Aug. 21, 
1746; David, born Sept. 29. 1749; Abraham, born 
Nov. 17, 1750; Mercy, born in April, 1752, who in 
1781 married Joshua Barnes ; Rebecca, born Dec. 
20, 1755, who in 1781 married Joseph Bracket; 
Christopher, born Sept. 26, 1759; and Alary A., 
born April 11, 1764. 

(VI) Joel Tuttle, son of Joel, about the begin- 
ning of the Revolution moved to Guilford. He was 
twice married, on Jan. 6. 1774, to Anna Woodward, 
who was born in East Haven X'ov. 30, 1749, daugh- 
ter of John and Alary Woodward. She died in 
October, 1775, in Guilford, without issue, and for 
his second wife Joel Tuttle wedded, in Guilford, 
Oct. 15, 1778, Elizabeth Fowler, a native of Guil- 
ford. They had seven children : Sarah, born July 
12, 1779; Elizabeth and Anna (twins), Alarch 11, 
1782; Rebecca, Feb. 22, 1785; Polly. Sept. 6, 1787; 
Julia, June 8, 1790: and Joel, the only son, a sketch 
of whom immediately follows. The father of these 
died Nov. 30, 1822, the mother, who belonged to 
one of Guilford's oldest families, passing away 
Sept. 26, 1842, aged over ninety-one years. 

(VII) Joel Tuttle, born in Guilford, Alav 8, 
1792, died Alay i, 1855. He received only a lim- 
ited common-school education in his native town, 
but in' his later years was a great reader and dili- 
gent student, and became remarkably well edu- 
cated by his own efforts. He early showed an in- 
clination for business pursuits, and he was trained 
for mercantile trade, which he successfully fol- 
lowed until 1850. His store was on Broad street, 
west of the new residence which he occupied as a 
homestead in the latter days of his life. He was 
very energetic and industrious, prospering in his 
affairs, and became one of the leading business men 
of his part of the country. The care of a farm also 
received his attention, and he was much interested 
in the construction of the Shore Line Railroad. 
He had a clear judgment and his integrity was un- 
sullied. Hence his advice on business matters was 
often sought, and many safely rested on his coun- 
sels. He manifested a warm interest in the affairs 
of the town, and his fellow townsmen showed their 
appreciation of his worth by electing him to various 
positions of honor and trust. He was a judge of 
the probate court, and served as a representative 
from Guilford in the State Legislature. Although 
not a member of any Christian church, he lived a 
life of the strictest morality, and was esteemed as 
a just and upright man. 

Joel Tuttle was married April 25, 1851, to Lucy 
E., daughter of Isaac and Harriet Sage, of Crom- 
well, Conn., and two children came to them: Joel 
Edward, born Alarch 8, 1852, died Aug. 29, same 
year. William Sage, born Dec. 28, 1853, died July 
27, 1867. He was a youth of unusual promise, and 
his intellectual development was, for one of his 
years, unusual. His mother fitly perpetuated his 
memorv by giving Olivet (Mich.) College a memor- 
ial library fund of $15,000. Airs. Tuttle was a of many excellent qualities, and, like her 
husband, was much esteemed in this community. 
The Tuttle homestead is now occupied by her sis- 
ter, Aliss Clarissa I. Sage. 

Sage. The Sage family, of which Aliss Clar- 
issa I. Sage is a, member, is an old and highly hon- 
orable one of Connecticut, and is of Welsh origin. 

(I) David Sage, the first of the name in Con- 
necticut, was born in 1639 in Wales, at an early 
age coming to America, and about 1652 settling in 
Aliddletown, Aliddlesex Co., Conn., where he 
passed the rest of his days, dying in 1703; his re- 
mains were interred in what is now known as River- 
side cemetery, where the stone marking his grave 
is still to be seen. In February, 1664, he married 
Elizabeth Kirby, daughter of John Kirby, and by 
her had four children : David, born in 1665 ; John, 
bom in 1668, who married Hannah Starr: Eliza- 
beth, born in 1670; and Alary, born in 1672. In 
1673 David Sage married for his second wife Alary 
Wilcox, by whom he also had four children : 
Jonathan, born in 1674; Timothy, bom in 1678; 
Xathaniel; and Alarcy, born in 1680. 

-U'/' ,(. 



(II) Timothy Sage, born in Middlctown in 
i(i7K, was a lanc'lowncr and farmer in Cromwell, 
Midiik>cx county, dying there in 1725, and the 
• ravotonc still marks his resting place in the old 
ruiutirv of that town. He married Margaret Hoi-, 
li.rt. i>f'Cromwell, and by her had seven children: 
>.iiiiiR-l. born in 1709; Timothy, born in 1714, who 
jrarrii'il -Marv Warner, and resided in Cromwell; 
MiTCv, born in 1712; Mary, born in 1716; David, 
!">ni in 1718, who married Sarah Stockings, and 
u>idcd in Portland, Conn, (he was a deacon in the 
vluircli); Solomon, born in 1720, who married 
Hannah Kirby (he w^as a deacon in the church; ; 
and Amos, born in 1722. Of these, 

(HI) Deacon Amos Sage was born in Crom- 
well, and spent his entire life there, dying in 1759. 
He married Rebecca Willcox, and they had a fam- 
ilv of eight children: Amos, born in 1747, mar- 
ried Mary Lewis, and resided in Cromwell; Will- 
iam was born in 1748; Hezekiah, born in 1750, re- 
sided in Salem, Mass.; Xathan, born in 1752, mar- 
ried Huldah Ranney, and resided in Cromwell ; 
Rebecca, born in 1754, married a Mr. Riley; Elisha, 
born in 1755, married ^lartha Montague, and re- 
sided in Cromwell; Abigail, born in 1756, married 
a .Mr. Swift; Submit, born in 1759, married a ^Ir. 

(I\') William Sage was born in 1748 in the 
town of Cromwell, and was there reared and edu- 
cated. Fired with patriotism at the outbreak of the 
l\t.volutit)nary war, he left family and business and 
enlisted in the army of patriots. As captain he 
participated in the battle of Bunker Hill, and was 
present at other places in this State wdien the citi- 
zens were called ufKjn to resist invasion by the 
enemy. He died in 183 1, the community thereby 
losing a good, upright citizen, one of the most 
highly respected in the county. His remains re- 
l)ose in the old cemetery. William Sage married 
J'.athsheba Hollister, and they had fourteen chil- 
dren : William, born in 1768, married Elizabeth 
Cook and resided in ]^Iiddletown : Betty, born in 
1769, married G. Butler; Josiah (known as "Colo- 
nel"'), born in 1770, married Sarah Savage, and 
resided in Cromwell; George, born in 1772, mar- 
ried .Harriet Edwards and resided in Cromwell, 
Conn, (he died an 1808); Roswell, born in 1778. 
died young; Sally, born in 1780, married a Mr. 
Deming; Levi, born in 1782, died young; Roswell, 
born in 1784, died young; Clarissa,, born in 1785, 
married J. Butler; Isaac, sketch of whom follows; 
.Xathan was born in 1788; Orrin, born in 1791, 
<.'eil in 1875; Sophy, born in 1794, died aged fifty; 
and Su>an. born in 1795, married a jNIr. \\'hite. 

( \ ) Isaac Sage, father of the late Airs. Joel 
I mtle and Miss Clarissa I. Sage, of Guilford, was 
byrn in 1786 in the town of Cromwell, Middlesex 
Co., Conn., and received a liberal education. 
Learning the trade of carpenter and joiner, he fol- 
lowed same all his life, and in connection was a 
contractor and builder in both :Middletown and 


Cromwell. He was a very domestic and temperate 
man in his habits, for many years a deacon in the 
Congregational Church of Cromwell, and was 
widely known and universally respected. 

In 1812 Isaac Sage married Harriet Sage, who. 
was born in 1791, a daughter of Lemuel and Lois 
(Savage) Sage, and granddaughter of Lewis S. 
and Deborah (Ramey) Sage, of Cromwell. To 
this union came eight children, all daughters: 
Lucy E., born in 1814, married Joel Tuttle, and 
both are now deceased. Harriet Maria, born in 
1817, married Annis Alerrill, an attorney at law of 
Boston, Mass., and they reside in San Francisco. 
Miss Bathsheba, born in 1818, lives in Cromwell. 
Jane E. married Rev. Edgar Doolittle. Mary Ann 
died young. M'iss Clarissa I., a lady of culture and 
refinement, most highly respected, has traveled 
over both the American and European continents ; 
she has a beautiful home in Guilford. Almira is_ 
the deceased wife of Rev. William Corning. Ade- 
laide died in childhood. The mother of this fam- 
ily was called from earth in 1868. She was a mem- 
ber of the Congregational Church, and beloved by 
all who knew her. 

years Clerk of the City Court and former Super- 
hitendent of Charities of Ansonia, is one of the 
leading citizens of that place, and his biography 
will be read with more than ordinary interest. 

j\Ir. Manville was born Jan. 13, 1843, i" Aliddle- 
bury, New Haven county, and is descended from 
good French Huguenot stock, the family in this 
country being traced to three brothers who came 
from France at an early day and settled in Con- 
necticut. Uri ]\Ianville, our subject's grandfather, 
was born in Middlebury and passed his life there 
in agricultural pursuits, his death occurring at the 
age of seventy-two. He was prominent in local 
affairs, holding various township offices, and was 
extremely popular in the community, being famil- 
iarly called "Uncle Uri" by young and old. His 
wife, Betsey Strong, a native of Southbury, died 
when eighty years of age. Both were connected 
with the Congregational Church. Their family 
consisted of two daughters and five sons, none of 
whom are now living. 

William ]\Ianville, our subject's father, was 
born in Middlebury, and during his active years 
followed the carpenter's trade there and at Wood- 
bridge. He died at the age of forty-two years, and 
was buried at Aliddlebury. His wife. Maria C. 
Lord, was born in Woodbridge. the daughter of 
Ransom and Chloe Lord. She survived him : mar- 
ried for her second husband Henry Richardson, a 
resident of W^oodbridge, and died aged seventy- 
lour vears. Throughout her life she was a consist- 
ent member of the Congregational Churchy in 
Woodbridge. She had six children by her first 
mp.rriage and one by her second, and four of the 
former are now living: (i) Uri D. is a dealer in 


!■•' '"( 'iirn^'i r. 



sewing machines and pianos in Xew Haven. (2) 
Harvey W. is superintendent of the yard work at 
the Farrell Foundry and Machine Co., in Ansonia. 

(3) Theodore D. L. was next in the order of birtli. 

(4) Albert P., a commercial traveler, resides in 
New Haven. Jane A., a daughter by her second 
marriage, married Edgar C. Squires, and resides in 
Fair Haven, Connecticut. 

Theodore D. L. Manville's boyhood was spent 
in Middlebury, and as he was but six years old 
when his father died, he made his home with his 
grandfather, Uri Alanville. He received a com- 
mon-school education, and wiien he was twenty- 
one years of age entered the employ of the Ameri- 
can Fish Hook and Xeedle Co., of Xew Haven, re- 
maining with them two years. He then removed 
to M'iddlebury, Conn., and for the next fixe years 
he worked in a woolen factory there, owned by his 
father-in-law. On removing to Ansonia, in 1870, 
he engaged in business as a shoe dealer, and two 
years later took a position in the case department 
of the Ansonia Qock Co., was there some two 
years, and was then with the Farrell Foundry and 
Machine Co., in the wheat roll department, under 
Charles ]Moore, then superintendent, until 1893. 
In the latter year he was appointed Superintendent 
of Charities, but a change of administration caused 
his retirement in December, 1895. On Jan. i, 1896, 
he was appointed Clerk of the Citv Court for one 
year, and in July, 1897, l^c was again appointed to 
serve until July, 1899. He still holds the position 
by appointment. In December, 1897, Mr. Man- 
ville was re-appointed Superintendent of Charities, 
and was retained in that incumbency until Jan. i, 
1900, discharging the duties with marked efficiency, 
the books and accounts being kept by him person- 
ally. In Xovember, 1900, he was elected a member 
of the Lower House of the State Legislature, and 
was chairman of the Committee on Labor. He 
affiliates with the Republican party, and has always 
been active in politics, servmg as chairman of ward 
committee, member of town committee, registrar of 
voters, and in other offices. 

On Oct. II, 1864. Mr. Manville married ]\Iiss 
Sarah E. Dews, a native of England, and daughter 
of George and Ann Dews. She died aged twenty- 
six years, and he later married Miss Ella J. Wood- 
in, of Chelsea, Mich., who was born in Seymour, 
Conn., daughter of Aner F. Woodin. a carpenter: 
the latter married Delight Bronson, a sister of Dea- 
con Orin H. Bronson, a leading lumber dealer of 
Waterbury. By his first marriage our subject had 
two sons: (i ) Charles FL, who has been for some 
years employed as an electrician with the Rubber 
Glove Co., of X'augatuck. married Margaret 
Lasher, and has two children, Eleanor M. and 
Charles Theodore. (2) Edwin A., superintendent 
of the Ansonia Electrical Co., married Miss Hat- 
tie S. Judson, and has two daughters, Ethel Mav 
and Elizabeth. By the second marriage our subject 
has two children : Miss Sadie E., a talented young 

lady, who is assistant city clerk ; and A. Theodora, 

I a pupil in the high school. The family is actively 

interested in the work of the Methodist'Church anil 

Sunday-school. Mr. Manville is also prominent in 

various fraternal orders, notalfly the L O. O. F., 

belongmg to Xaugatuck Lodge, Xo. 63, with which 

he united March 18, 1874, and to Hope Encamp- 

i ment, Xo. 26.; he has passed the chairs in both the 

I societies. He also passed the chairs of the Grand 

\ Encampment of the State, having been Grand 

: Patriarch in 1893-94, and was sent as a representa- 

tive at Atlantic City, X. J., to the Sovereign Grand 

Lodge, in 1895, and in 1896 to Dallas. Texas. In 

i8rj8 he visited the Boston session of the Sovereign 

; Grand Lodge. In 1899 t'^e fiftieth anniversary of 

j the lodge was celebrated. Mr. Manville being' one 

I of tlie oldest members present. He also holds 

: membership in Sylvan Lodge, Xo. 5. Daughters of 

I Rebekah, at Seymour. Mr. Manville has passed 

' the chairs in Friendship Lodge, Xo. 34, A. O. L^ 

\\'., of which he was a charter member, and in the 

I Order of Red Men, at Ansonia, being past sachem 

' of Wepawong Tribe, Xo. 7 (since dissolved). He 

I'.elped to organize the Ancient Essenic Order in 

I Ansonia some years ago, but it has also been di^- 

j solved. 

\ THO]\IAS EL^NIES (deceased) was for many 
1 years identified with the commercial and municipal 
i growth and prosperity of Derby, of which city his 
] widow is still an esteemed resident. His father, who 
was also named Thomas, was one of three brothers 
— the others being Abner and Lazelle — who emi- 
grated from Old to Xew England. Thomas Elmes, 
Sr., married Lydia Coles, and shortly after their 
union the young pair took up their residence in 
Philadelphia. They were the parents of ten chil- 
dren : Lydia. Phoebe, Maria, Thomas, Mary, An- 
gelina. David B., Henry M., Fannie and an un- 
christened infant. Of this numerous progeny only 
one daughter Fannie, is yet living, residing in Phila- 
delphia. Phoebe died there recently. 

Thomas Elmes was born in that city Aug. it^, 
1818. His school days over, he became associated 
with his father, then a dealer in hats, caps and furs, 
and at the age of twenty-seven left the city of his- 
birth to become a resident and merchant of Quincv, 
111. Previous to that emigration, however, on June 
19, 1839, he had married Lucy R. Atwater, concern- 
ing whose ancestry more will be said in a succeeding 
paragraph. His wife accompanied him to Illinois, 
but their Western experience was not of a sort to 
induce them to make their permanent home in the 
"Prairie State," and in 1848 they returned East, 
finally taking a residence in Birmingham, Conn., 
where Mr. Elmes died. Xov. 15, 1880. Even in 
boyhood he displayed mechanical ability of no com- 
mon order and on his settling in Birmingham was 
n^ade superintendent of the Birmingham Iron and 
Steel Works, in which his father-in-law. Mr. Charles 
Atwater, was a large stock holder. He continued 

'1 ; 1 ■ /** 




1 ! i ! - 






to discliarj^e the arduous duties of this responsible 
position with marked ability and fidelity until 1876, 
when failing health compelled him to retire to pri- 
vate life. 

Mr. Elmes was a stanch Democrat, and stood 
Jiigli in the councils of his party. For many years 
Jie was an influential member of the State Central 
Committee. In 1871-72 he represented the Fifth 
Di.'^trict in the State Senate, and in 1875-76 was the 
cliosen delegate from Derby to the Lower House. 
In both positions he brought to bear upon the dis- 
charge of his official duties native shrewdness and 
well developed executive ability. In 1876 he was a 
delegate, from the New Haven district, to the Na- 
tional Convention which nominated Tilden and Hen- 
<Jricks. From what has been said, Air. Elmes' pop- 
ularity may be inferred. It may be said to have 
been attributable to his unfailing courtesy, his faith- 
fulness as a friend, and his worth as a man. His 
death was deeply mourned by citizens of Derby, 
without distinction of political or religious creed. 
He was a jNIason of high degree, a Knight Templar 
and an Odd Fellow, being a member of King Hiram 
Lodge, of Birmingham, the New Haven Command- 
ery, and Housatonic Lodge, I. O. O. F. 

Mrs. Elmes can trace her English ancestrv' back 
to the days of Charlemagne. Her maiden name, 
Atwater, is a corruption, through Attwater, from 
Outwater. She is the great-great-great-grand- 
daughter of David Atwater, who was born in Eng- 
land in 1615. From him the line of descent runs 
through Ebenezer, James and Timothy to Charles, 
Mrs. Elmes' father. Timothy Atwater, her grand- 
father, w^as born in 1749, and was the owner of a 
large farm, which is now the site of a very consider- 
able portion of the city of New Haven, including 
York Square. He was a gentleman-farmer, fond of 
books, and a man of ability and education. He 
died in 1824. He married Susan ]\Iacomber, a 
lady of Scotch descent, w'ho was according to extant 
tradition, the greatest beauty in New Haven. Nine 
children were born to them of whom Charles, Mrs. 
Elmes' father, was the seventh. The others, in the 
•order of their birth, were Susan, Sarah, Flarriet, 
Julia, Jeanette, James, Robert and Henry. 

Charles Atwater was born in New Haven, where 
after reaching manhood, he engaged in the dry- 
goods business with Joel Root, his father-in-law, in 
^vhich he continued for nearly eighteen years. He 
was eminently successful, and little by little became 
interested in banking in both Xew Haven and New 
^ ork, and was made president of the Mechanics' 
Bank of the latter city. He was also the founder 
of the Birmingham Iron and Steel Works of Derby, 
investing about $300,000 in the plant, and acting as 
president and manager of the company from the 
time of its organization until his death. He owed 
his influence not so much to his wealth as to his gen- 
erous nature and his moral worth. In politics he 
was first a Whig and afterward a Republican ; his 

that of the 

religious belief was 


Church, of which he was a devoted member and to 
which he was a liberal contributor. He married 
Miss Lucy Root, who was born in Southington, 
Conn., a daughter of Joel Root, who traced his line- 
age back, through five generations, to John Root, 
who was born in 1608. A distinctively martial spirit 
has characterized the family since their emigration 
from England, which was chiefly due to a refusal to 
serve in the army of "Old Ironsides." Stephen, the 
son of John Root, the American progenitor of the 
family, was a man of extraordinary stature and 
phenomenal physical strength. He stood six feet 
six inches in his stockings. In athletic sports — 
wrestling, boxing and running — he was especially 
expert, frequently "outclassing"' the fleetest Indian 
runners. Timothy, Stephen's son, was the great- 
great-grandfather of Airs. Elmes' mother. Timothy 
(born in 1681 ) was the son of Stephen and father of 
Jonathan. The next Root in the descending line 
was Elisha, the maternal great-grandfather of Airs. 
Elmes, he was a soldier in the Revolutionary army, 
and was stationed in New York, dying at East 
Chester, on his way home. Joel Root, the maternal 
grandfather of Airs. Elmes followed a sea-faring 
life in his youth, but later became a dry-goods mer- 
chant. He was originally a resident of Southing- 
ton, but subsequently removed to New Haven. Airs. 
Elmes, as has been said, survives her husband and 
is esteemed in Derby for those traits which, when 
happily combined, go to make up the estimable 
woman and valued citizen. 

day a well-known merchant tailor and prominent 
citizen of New Haven, where his widow still re- 
sides, at No. 198 Crown street. 

Air. Bryan was born Alay 13, 1819, in New 
Haven, son of Oliver Bryan and grandson of Alajor 
Oliver Bryan, who died in Alilford, this county. 
Oliver Bryan, father of our subject, was born in 
Alilford, and, coming to New Haven, engaged in 
the merchant tailoring business, which he followed 
until his death, at the age of sixty-nine years. He 
prospered, and did much toward the improvement 
of his section of the city, erecting several houses, 
among them the one in wbich the widow of his son 
William D. now resides, which was built about 
1840. He also put up the buildings at Nos. 200-202^ 
and No. 210 Crown street, and that at Nos. 194- 
196, occupied by the Young Alen's Republican 
Club. Oliver Bryan married Phoebe Gorham, a 
native of New Haven, who died at the age of sixty- 
seven years, and six children blessed their union,^ 
only two of whom, Oliver and Stephen G., sur- 
vive. The former is a real-estate broker in New 
York City, where he resides. Stephen G. is a com- 
mercial traveler, with office in Boston. Another 
one of the sons. Benjamin Sherman Bryan, went 
to California with the "forty-niners." and remained 
in the State a number of years, keeping a hotel. 
He returned East, and died in Saybrook, Conn., at 


1 . ; .' / 



the age of fifty. On Xov. i6, 1868, he married 
Miss M. Louise Hayden, a native of Essex, Conn., 
and they had one son, OHver, now making his 
home in New York City, who married Bessie Ida 
Gitt, of New Oxford, Penn. Mrs. M. Louise 
(Hayden) Bryan resides with the widow of her 
husband's brother WilHam, ]Mrs. Mary AL Bryan, 
in the city of New Haven. 

William D. Bryan learned the merchant tailor- 
ing business with his father, and after the latter's 
death carried on the establishment successfully on 
bis own account until his death, which occurred 
June I, 1884. Mr. Bryan was a man of the strict- 
est integrity in all his transactions, esteemed wher- 
ever he went, and socially was one of the most 
genial and companionable of men, winning numer- 
ous friends by his amiable disposition and engaging 
manners. He was a member of the Quinnipiac 
Club, the Xew Haven Grays, Connecticut \'olun- 
teer Militia^ tlie I. O. O. F. and the Masonic fra- 
ternity, 'in which latter he reached the thirty-sec- 
ond degree, affiliating with Wooster Lodge, F. & 
A. ^L, the Council, Chapter and Commandery. 
His political support was given to the Republican 
party, and he was a stanch friend of Gov. English. 
Mr. Bryan was a member of the Episcopal Church, 
attending first at St. Thomas, later at Trinity. 

On Sept. I, 1852, Air. Bryan was united in mar- 
riage with Mary Miles Brown, a native of Xew 
Haven, who survives him. All the children born 
of this union are deceased. 

Jacob Brown, father of ]\Irs. Bryan, was born 
in Xew Haven, son of Walter Brown, a sea cap- 
tain, who made his home in that city. Jacob Brown 
carried on a grocery store in Chapel street until his 
death, at the early age of thirty-three years. He 
married Henrietta Miles, also a native of X'e.w Ha- 
ven, and three children were born to them, of 
■whom Mary Allies, Airs. Bryan, is the only sur- 
vivor. The others were Henrietta and Sarah. 
Mrs. Brown died at the age of thirty. Her father, 
Capt. John Allies, served in the Revolutionary war, 
and lived to the age of eighty-one. By calling he 
was a sea captain, and his vessel was once captured 
by the French, and Airs. Bryan's claim against the 
French Government is on file in Washington. 

SAAIUEL P. CRAFTS, president of the Quin- 
nipiac Brick Co., and a member of the Chamber of 
Commerce of Xew Haven, has led an interesting 
career. Though his life has been a busy and use- 
ful one, it has been diversified by travel and con- 
tact with people of every condition, and luitil the 
past few years he has been engaged in business 
enterprises demanding constant activity in their 
supervision. ', « II 

The family from which Air. Crafts springs is 
one of the oldest in Connecticut, the first of his line 
coming to America in 1630. Edward Crafts, his 
grandfather, a native of Pomfret, Conn., settled in 
Derby, this State, where he followed the medical 
profession until his death, which was caused by a 

fall from a horse. He had quite a numerous fam- 
ily, of whom Gen. Chauncey Crafts, father of Sam- 
uel P., was born in Derby, where he was reared. 
During his early manhood he clerked in a store, 
but for the greater part of his entire life he was en- 
gaged as a manufacturer in Woodbury, Conn., 
turning out horse-power machinery, which he also 
invented. He died in Woodbury, at the compara- 
tively early age of forty-one. Chauncey Crafts 
married Aliss Maria Bacon, a native of Woodbury. 
and nine children were born to them. But two of 
this family survive : Samuel P., whose name open.'j 
this sketch ; and Fanny, widow of Gen. Charnly. 
Airs. Crafts passed away at the age of sixty-five 
years. In religion she and Air. Crafts were mem- 
bers of the Xorth Church of Woodbury. He took 
a deep interest in military matters, and was a briga- 
dier general of the Connecticut militia. 

Samuel P. Crafts was born Jan. 30, 1824. in 
Woodbury, where he passed his earlier years, re- 
ceiving a thorough education in the common and 
bclect schools. Before going to sea he spent eight- 
een months in Bridgeport, this State, in the harness 
business. He was not many years a mariner before 
he rose to the position of master, and he sold his 
ship to enter the navy, being in that service as act- 
ing ensign during the Civil war. Incidental to 
his share in ' the capture of Fort Fisher is men- 
tioned his promise to meet Gen. Terry inside the 
fort, which he kept. He was recommended for 
promotion to acting first master and later for the 
rank of lieutenant. 

Air. Crafts went to California in 1849, a-^rJ ^''^'^ 
his share in the exciting experiences of those law- 
less times. He was a member of the vigilance 
committee, and witnessed the hanging of three men. 
two of whom were buried in the grave they had 
prepared for their murdered victim, a Capt. Snow, 
of Xantucket. In 1855 our subject was in Xor- 
folk, \'a., where hundreds were dying of yellow 
fever, and he was in Barbadoes during the terrible 
rage of cholera, where there was an average of 350 
deaths per day. He has traveled extensively all 
over the country. 

After his discharge from the navy Air. Crafts 
went to Liverpool, where he took charge of a bark 
tor Funk & Aleincke, and made a few European 
voyages. He continued to devote himself to vari- 
ous matters up to 1872, in which year was or- 
ganized the Quinnipiac Brick Co., and he was 
elected president thereof. He has continued to hold 
that position to the present, and its duties receive 
the same faithful and effective attention which has 
characterized all our subject's undertakings. In 
1895 Air. Crafts moved from Hamden to Xew Ha- 
ven, where he still makes his home. He was not 
long in establishing himself in the esteem of his- 
new neighbors and fellow citizens, for in 1896 he 
was elected selectman in Xew Haven, and filled 
that office to the satisfaction of all concerned. Our 
subject gives his political allegiance to the Repub- 
lican party, and has long been a member of the 



Youn<^ ]\Icn's Republican Club. Socially he holds 
mcniborship in the Loyal Legion and in Admiral 
l-'oote Post, Xo. II, G. A. R. He was commander 
of Cndeon Welles Xaval \'eterans. 

In 1859 Mr. Crafts was united in marriage to 
Miss Sarah A. Thomson, who was born in Xew 
Haven, daughter of Isaac Thomson, a mason 
buikler, who put up many of the college building? 
in the city, as well as the large insurance build- 
ings. He was a member of the firm of Thomson. 
Spcrry & Smith. Mr. Thomson died in 1876. Of 
his four daughters three are yet living, Mrs. Crafts, 
Mrs. Bacon (in California) and Airs. Burt (in 

HEXRY KIRKE WHITE. For a quarter of 
a century the name of White has been prominent 
in the business and social circles of Meriden. where 
have resided Henry Kirke White and his sons 
James Henry, Edward H. and Howard, all of 
whom 'have been identified with the extensive in- 
terests of the Wilcox & White Co.. whose products 
have gone to the ends of the civilized world and 
brought fame to the name of White and to the city 
of Meriden. 

Henry Kirke White was born in Bolton, Conn., 
Feb. 7, 1822, and comes from an ancestry on both 
sides reaching back to the early Colonial period of 
Connecticut, one of his forebears being a member 
of the party led b}' Rev. John Warham, who came 
from England to these shores in the ship "Marv 
and John" in 1630, landing at Xantasket, [Mass. 
Henry Kirke White was reared on a farm, but pos- 
sessing musical tastes and genius, he soon found 
a new and broader field for the exercise of his tal- 
ents. While yet in his "teens" he was a conspicu- 
ous figure in the singing schools of his locality, 
as a teacher and musical director, and he soon be- 
came known throughout the State. In 1841 he 
mastered the art of tuning musical instruments, 
and was engaged in that capacity until 1845 ^" '^^'"^ 
West and Northwest. Returning to Connecticut, 
he began the manufacture of musical instruments 
at Colchester for Dennison Smith. Two years 
later, in 1847, he began on bis own account the 
making of melodeons in Xew London, Conn., mov- 
ing his business in 1853 to Washington. X'. J., 
where he remained until the great panic of 1857 
and the subsequent outbreak of the Civil war ren- 
dered it unadvisable to continue in business. For 
several years he was mainly occupied in piano 
tuning in Philadelphia, and in 1865 took charge of 
the tuning and action department of the Estey Or- 
gan Works at Brattleboro. \'t., where he and his 
several sons soon obtained high positions. In 1876 
and the following year Mr. White and his sons, 
through their tact and energy, interested several 
citizens of Meriden, among them the late Horace 
\\'ilcox, in the establishment of a factorv for the 
manufacture of musical instruments, and these 
efforts resulted in the organization of the Wilcox 

& White Organ Co. 

To this concern there was a 

guarantee of success in the very beginning of its 
efforts, in the person of Air. White. A man of 
gen'ius and energy, of high honor and most un- 
swerving integrity, with long years of experience 
in business and manufacturing, not a little of the 
great success and the achievements of the company 
in the last twenty-five years is due to Henry Kirke 
White. He enjoys the distinction of being one of 
the oldest makers of reed instruments now living, 
and can look back over an experience of more than 
fifty years in this line, with a just pride in the 
achievements credited to his genius and labors. 

The Wilcox & White Co. is, to-day, foremost 
among the manufacturers of musical instruments 
in all the world. The great effects produced by 
their instruments have won for them the hearty 
welcome into the homes of all the civilized coun- 
tries of the globe. The Wilcox & White organ is 
one of the most celebrated of reed instruments. 
To the builder of these was given use of the best 
old features and the new ones of the organ. The 
principal inventions of the company are the "Pneu- 
matic Symphony," or self-playing organ, and the 
"Angelus" Piano Player. The former has the fea- 
tures of an ordinary organ, and can be played as 
such, while the latter can play any piano ; they are 
also supplied with mechanism whereby perforated 
paper is made the medium for automatic playing. 
With this perforated paper, and the use of the ped- 
als and stops as in ordinary playing, the most in- 
tricate and beautiful music can be produced with- 
out touching the fingers to the keys. This com- 
pany, in which the Whites figure conspicuously, is 
one of the leading industries of the great and fa- 
mous center of manufactories, Meriden, and gives 
employment to over 300 people. Under the admin- 
istration of James H. White the business of the 
company was very largely increased, and an addi- 
tional brick factory, four stories high, and 250 by 
40 feet on the ground, was erected for the manu- 
facture of the "Angelus." This is the invention of 
Edward H. White, and is the first instrument ever 
manufactured for automatic piano playing. 

Henry Kirke White has been called by his fel- 
low citizens to a number of public offices, and in the 
discharge of their duties has conscientiously and 
faithfullv used his time and best efforts. He has 
served as alderman from the Fifth ward, and for 
a period was Mayor [iro tonpore of Aleriden. For 
many years in succession he was first committee- 
man of his school district, and both as a citizen and 
as a man he has held the full confidence of the com- 
munity in which he has lived so long. 

Air. White was married Sept. 2, 1846, to Lucv 
Cornwell, who was born Jan. 2, 1825, a daughter of 
William and Julia (Robert) Cornwell. of Middle- 
town, Conn. She died Feb. 18, 1867, and Mr. 
White then was married to Airs. Betsey Herrick, 
who was born July 12, 1840, a daughter of I'.cnja- 
min Sticknev, of Dummerston, \'t. The children. 



all born of the first marriage, were > James Henry, 
Frank, Edward H., Howard and Julia Cornwell. 
the last named now the wife of Silas Donavan, of 
Meriden. Fraternally, Mr. White is a 2^Iason of 
Knight Templar degree, and is highly respected in 
the craft. He is now retired from active business on 
account of a paralytic stroke, which deprived him 
of the use of his limbs. He is a well-read man, 
with a clear mind, and is noted as a genial gentle- 
man and a brilliant conversationalist. Although he 
was greatly broken down. by the death of his two 
sons, Edward H. and Howard, he is cheered by the 
near presence of all the surviving members of the 

James Hexry White, son of Henry Kirke 
White, and for years the president and treasurer of 
the Wilcox & White Co., is a native of Connecticut. 
born at W'estfield, Sept. 26, 1847. His education 
was received at Somerville, Washington and Phil- 
lipsburg, in the State of New Jersey, whither his 
father removed. The family later removed to Phil- 
adelphia, and there James H. White began his 
business career as a clerk in the famous "Oak Hall" 
clothing house of John Wanamaker. This experi- 
ence, however, was of short duration, as his father 
was sought by the Estey Company, and the family 
settled in Brattleboro, \'t., where James H. was 
employed with his father in the tuning department 
of that famous factory. Possessed of natural musi- 
cal gifts, the young man devoted his time to the 
work of tuning, and by steady application soon rose 
to a position where with his father he was in joint 
control of that department. There he remained 
some thirteen years, when he was induced by the 
late Horace C. Wilcox to come to ^leriden, with 
his father and brother, and organize the company 
which has since borne the family name, and of 
which for years he has been the executive head, 
making a great name for himself as one of the en- 
terprising and public-spirited citizens of ^^leriden. 
He is a member of the Home Club of Meriden. 
Mr. White was married Dec. i, 1868, to Kate, 
daughter of Samuel T. R. and Martha (Brown) 
Cheney, of Brattleboro, ^'t., by whom he became 
the father of three children : Frank Cornwell, edu- 
cated in Aleriden, and now the assistant superin- 
tendent of the Wilcox & White Co. ; Grace Louise ; 
and Florence May. Air. White has represented 
the Fifth ward in the city council, having been 
elected on the Republican ticket, though he is no 
office seeker, preferring to give his undivided at- 
tention to his business. He is a trustee of the Con- 
gregational Church, and a man of high character, 
greatly respected in the city. 

Edward H. Wiiite, son of Henry Kirke White. 
was born in Washington, X. J.. April 5, 1855, and 
had a thorough training in the building of musical 
instruments, chiclly in the Estey Organ Works at 
Brattleboro, \'t. For twcntv-five years he was a 
valuable adjunct in the Wilcox & White Co., at 
Meriden, in which cstaljlishment the tuning and 
voicing of instruments left to bis supervision was 

thoroughly done. He was the owner of the "An- 
gelus" patents, and was secretary and superintend- 
ent and one of the directors of the reorganized 
Wilcox & White Co. Edward H. White died Sept. 
16, 1899, and was buried in Walnut Grove Ceme- 
tery, Aleriden. A Republican in politics, he had 
no time for office-seeking ; was a believer in the 
Golden Rule, and was liberal in his religious ideas ; 
domestic in his habits, he found his greatest pleas- 
ure in his home. He was early married to Mary 
Carter, a daughter of Bela Carter, and to this union 
was born one child, Allan Hubbard, now a student 
at Choate School, Wallingford. Mrs. White makes 
her home in Aleriden, and is a lady of culture and 

Howard White, the youngest son of Henry 
Kirke White, was for years superintendent of the 
Wilcox & White Co., of Meriden. He was born 
Sept. 9, 1856, in Somerville, X. J., and his life was 
not unlike that of his brothers, as it was given to 
the work of building musical instruments. Inherit- 
ing in a large degree his father's musical genius 
and taste, through close attention to the work of 
building musical instruments, he acquired great ap- 
titude in it, and made for himself a creditable place 
in the work. His early experience was acquired 
with the Estey Company at Brattleboro, but he came 
to ]\Ieriden with his family, and from the very be- 
ginning of the Wilcox & White Co. was identified 
v.'ith it, rising to the position of superintendent. 
He was one of the directors of the company and 
proved himself a valuable citizen of Meriden. 
With his brother Edward H. and others of the 
family he belonged to the Home Club of Meriden. 
Mr. White was married in 1880 to Flora A., daugh- 
ter of Russell J. Ives, of Meriden, and their union 
was blessed with two children : Russell Ives and 
Stanley. Howard White died Dec. 9, 1897, and 
was buried in Walnut Grove Cemetery. A Repub- 
lican in politics, he sought no official position. 
Domestic in his habits, he lived in charity for all 
men, and tender memories of him survive. His 
w'idow resides in Meriden. 

AUGUSTUS E. LINES. Among the retired 
btisiness citizens of X^ew Haven, who for almost 
a half century pursued one calling in this, his na- 
tive city, is Augustus E. Lines, one of the most 
highly esteemed residents. His ancestors for sev- 
eral generations had made the name known and 
respected in commercial circles, and ]Mr. Lines' 
own career added luster to tlie family title. Grand- 
father Ezra Lines was born in this beautiful city, 
grew to useful manhood here, and for very many 
vears conducted a successful grocery business on 
the corner of Grand and State streets, X'ew Haven. 
He was a soldier of the Revolution, under the 
command of Gen. Israel Putnam, and was pres- 
ent with him when he rode horseback down the 
stone steps at Horse Xeck, now Greenwich, to 
escape the British. His death occurred at about 
the age of sixty, and the grocery business was 

;l; ^M :■>■.'!' 



ii -^^JY^' "^^ "li 1 1 1 ' ^ri"' - -— ^^^-^ » "^ : ifa.- • "-^- tttfraa 




omtiniicd by his sons Augustus and Frederick, 
llic (oriiicr being the father of Augustas E. 

Augustus Lines, father of our subject, was 
iM.rn Sept. 13. 1797, and died Dec. 31, 1887. Not 
oiilv was he prominent in commercial circles, but 
^iIm) in political and financial atfairs, for twenty- 
jivc vears being assessor with Willis Anthony, 
wlio "was the father of the present collector of 
taxes, of the same name, and Mr. Lines was also 
a member of the common council, for a number of 
terms, and was a director in the New Haven Xa- 
tiuiial Bank. In military circles Augustus Lines 
was also 'conspicuous, being an active member of 
the Old Grays, and the accomplished fifer of the 
jioted old regiment, for very many years. He mar- 
ried Miss Lucy Ann Ritter, a daughter of David 
Hitter. She was born in Xew Haven and died in 
185 1, at the age of forty-eight years, one of a 
numerous family. David Ritter was a well-known 
stone and marble cutter, married twice in Xew 
Haven, and died at about the age of sixty years. 
Three children were born to Augustus Lines and 
wife : Augustus E., of Xew Haven ; George P., 
who died in 1884; and Jane E., who resides in 
Xew Haven, at the age of seventy-one years. Au- 
ji^ustus Lines married for his second wife Martha 
Kimberly, of West Haven, and two children w^ere 
born to this union, 3ilartha antl Maria, both of 
whom died some }ears ago. It is remembered of 
!Mr. Lines that he was skilled in musical instru- 
ments, played the double bass viol with fine exe- 
cution, and was the first resident double bass viol 
player, in Xew Haven. 

Augustus E. Lines was born on the corner of 
Grand and Olive streets, in Xew Haven, Xov. 4, 
1822, and attended the old Lancasterian School. 
\'ery early in life, he displayed a leaning toward the 
ongraver's trade, taking lessons in the same' in Xew 
York, at the corner of Fulton and Nassau streets. 
^Ir. Lines was employed there by a firm located 
at the intersection of Broadway and Cedar streets, 
being apprenticed with the firm of Stiles. Sher- 
man & Smith, located at the above named places. 
For si.x years Mr. Lines found a pleasant home in 
the family of ]Mr. Sherman, who then lived at Xo. 
18 Rose street, the neighborhood which is now 
j^'iven up to a lower class of residences, then being 
a fine residence district. The venerable !Mrs. 
Sherman still survives. From 1838 to 1844 'Mr. 
Lines remained in the city of X'ew York, becoming 
<luring this period skilled in his trade, and able 
to enter into successful competition with others. 
Returning to. his native city. Mr. Lines embarked 
in the engraving business for himself, founding 
a house which prospered for forty-two years, until 
in 1886 be retired from active work, justified in 
"^evking rest after so continuous a career. There 
•ire few of the older residents of X'ew Haven who 
do not readily recall his establishment on Chapel 

< ^n Jan. 9, 1849, Augustus E. Lines was mar- 

ried to Miss Mary A. Kimberly, who was born in 
Guilford, Conn., and was a daughter. of Eli Kim- 
berly, and a member of one of the first families 
of this part of Connecticut. Eli Kimberly was a 
sea-faring man and he made his home on Faulk- 
ner's Island, Guilford and Sachems Head, having 
charge of the light house on Faulkner's Island for 
tnirty-three years. Xo resident along this coast 
was better or more favorably known to both lands- 
men and sailors than Capt. EH. His lamented 
death took place at the age of seventy-nine years. 
The mother of Airs. Lines was Alary Fowler, of 
Xew London, her marriage to Capt. Kimberly tak- 
ing place the 12th of Xovember, 1812, and twelve 
children resulting from this union, the four sur- 
vivors being: Airs. Lines; George, a resident of 
Xew London, Conn. ; David Calvin, a resident of 
Sacramento, Cal. ; and Henry W., a resident of 
Xew Haven, a well-known carpenter and builder. 
The mother of these children died at the age of 
fifty-two years. Both parents of Airs. Lines were 
worthy members of the Xorth Church, and this 
family was one of the most intelligent and liberally 
educated of any on the coast, the father having a 
teacher installed in the household. 

One son, Augustus K., blessed the union of 
Air. and Airs. Lines, born in 1850; he was edu- 
cated in X'ew Haven, and made this city his home 
until his death at the age of thirty-five years. An 
adopted son, Harry Kimberly Lines, was educated 
in the schools of X'ew Haven, and is now one of 
the valued employes of the Electric Co., and has 
cnarge of their work in the ditTerent States. He 
married Clififord Cooke, who was born in Alari- 
etta, Ga., and. they have one daughter, Louise 
Douglas, aged twelve years. 

Air. Lines has always ardently supported the 
Republican party, thoroughly believing in its prin- 
ciples, but has never sought political preferment. 
From his respected father, he has inherited a great 
talent and love for music, the careful cultivation 
of which has resulted in making him the admirer 
of many instruments, but particularly of the flute, 
which he has performed upon more or less for 
fifty years. One of his early pupils in this sweet 
music was a nephew of Airs. Lines, who is now 
connected with the Xew York Symphony Orches- 
tra, and who is regarded as one of the most fin- 
ished flutists in the United States. Both Air. and 
Airs. Lines belong to the Church of the Redeemer, 
formerlv Chapel street Church, becoming connect- 
ed with it under Rev. William T. Eustis. Few men 
of this city have been more omnivorous readers 
than Air. Lines, and his thorough knowledge cov- 
ers a wide range of subjects, his interest being 
still as keen in public aft'airs as in his earlier days. 
For his immediate ancestors he cherishes a high 
regfard and highlv values a wonderful picture in 
his possession, of his uncle William Lines. An- 
other very interesting picture which he preserves 
with care, is of a house on Grand avenue, near 



T . 

■ ,::,./.■ . J ■;■ I -I 

rp -rl, 


{ 458 


the railroad bridge, which was taken down many 
years ago, it being the one in which his mother 
was born, the Farmington canal then being where 
the railroad tracks of one of the branches of the 
Consolidated Railroad are now placed. Air. Lines 
enjoys recalling the old days of the city, and his 
recollections are of the most interesting nature, 
the limits of a sketch of this kind preventing a 
recitation of some of the most entertaining records 
of more than a half-century past. Air. and Mrs. 
Lines celebrated their golden wedding, in January, 
1899, and it is the sincere wish of their hosts of 
friends that they may be spared to also celebrate 
their seventy-fifth anniversary. 

JOHN GOODRICH NORTH (deceased) was 
born in Berlin, Conn., Feb. 22, 1823, and died 
March 9, 1892, at Alilford, Conn., a son of Lem- 
uel North, who, although a tinner by trade, en- 
gaged in farming in Berlin. 

The history of the North family in America 
begins with John North, who was born in Eng- 
land in 161 5, married Hannah Bird, of Farming- 
ton, after his arrival in this country in 1635, on the 
ship "Susan and Ellen."' He died about 1691. 
His land in Farmington was entered to him in 
1653, and with his sons John and Samuel, he was 
among the eighty- four proprietors among whom 
the unoccupied lands of the town were divided in 
1672. His name is given in the list of "persons of 
quality emigrating from England to America, 1600- 
1700," and he is recorded as being twenty years 
old. His first child, Job, was born in 1641. 

Thomas North, who was born in Farmington, 
Conn., about 1649, ^^^ died in 1712, married Han- 
nah Newell, who was born in 1658. 

Thomas North (2), son of Thomas, was born in 
-1678, married Martha Royce, and died in 1725. 
Martha (Royce) North was born in 1679. 

Deacon Isaac North, of Wethersfield and Ber- 
lin, was bom in 1702, married Alary Woodford 
(who was born in 1709), and died in 1788. 

Jedediah North, also of Wethersfield and Ber- 
lin, was born in 1734, and died Dec. 16, 1816. In 
-^757 he married Sarah Wilcox, who was born in 
1739, and who died Oct. 5, 1775. 

David North, son of Jedediah, was born in 
1761, and lived in Berlin.' He married Salome 
Wilcox in 1781, and died in 1831. His wife, who 
was bom in 1761, died Alarch 15, 1807. 

Lemuel North, of Berlin, was born in 1786, and 
died Aug. 25, 1845. He married Rebecca Good- 
rich, who was born June 26. 1783, and died July 
5, 1857. John Goodrich, their son, is the subject 
of this article. 

John Goodrich North was reared in Berlin, 
"where he attended the local schools until he was 
about sixteen years old, when he came to New 
Haven to take a position as a clerk in the dry goods 
line. After some two or three years he began busi- 
ness -for himself as a merchant, and some years 

later turned to the fire and life insurance interests, 
in which he engaged until his death. For at least 
a half a century he was associated with insurance 
interests, and was regarded as one of the best 
posted and most successful men in that line in this 
section of the State. 

Air. North was married Alay 31, 1843, to Eliza- 
beth Dickinson, who was born in New Haven, Dec. 
8, 1S21, a daughter of Raphael Dickinson (who was 
born J-'eb. 6, 1781, and died Feb. 26, 1837J, 
and his wife, Nancy AIcNeil (who was born 
June 4, 1783. and died Feb. 9, 1833 j. Airs. 
Nancy (AIcNeil) North was a daughter* of Will- 
iam AIcNeil, who graduated from Yale and be- 
came a civil engineer, but spent his later years as 
a sailor and sea captain. To Air. and Mrs. John 
G. North were born five children : Alary G., John 
C, Sarah E., Edward C. and Nellie C. Of these, 
John C. is in the insurance business in New Haven; 
Edward C. is in the same line in Boston ; Sarah E. 
married S. P. Warren, AI. D., a graduate of Yale, 
and they now live in Portland, Alaine; Alarv G. 
married Rev. Erastus Blakeslee and lives in Brook- 
line, Alass. ; Nellie C. married Prof. Samuel T. 
Dutton, of Columbia University, who at one time 
was superintendent of schools in New Haven and 
in Brookline. John G. North was a Whig and a 
Republican. In religion all the family have long 
been associated with the Congregational Church. 

The Dickinson Family, to w'hich Airs. John 
G. North belongs, has an authentic history that runs 
back in England to a period beyond 1475. Thomas 
Dickinson, who was a native of Abingdon, Eng- 
land, went to Ayrshire, Scotland, about 1670, 
where he had three sons, Thomas, Josiah and 

Aloses Dickinson, born in Ayrshire, came to 
Boston, from which point he went to Deerfield, 
Alass., about 1690. 

Daniel Ebenezer Dickinson, son of Aloses, mar- 
ried Sarah Winslow, the great-granddaughter of 
Gov. Winslow. 

Oliver Dickinson, son of Daniel Ebenezer, grew 
to manhood, and married Alary Parmalee. 

Oliver Dickinson, the son of Oliver, was bom 
July 10, 1757, in Litchfield, Conn., and died Alarch 
27,, 1847. He married Anna Landon, June 11, 
1778, and served in the Revolutionary army, in 
Vvhich he made a noble record as a gallant soldier 
and a patriotic citizen. He was in the army from 
1776 to 1781. 

Raphael Dickinson, second son of Oliver, was 
born Feb. 6, 1781, and died Feb. 26, 1837. He mar- 
ried N^ancy AIcNeil Feb. 25, 1805, and their daugh- 
ter Elizabeth was married to John G. North, as 
noted above. 

Leonard A. Dickinson, a son of Raphael, and a 

brother of Elizabeth North, became one of the 

noted citizens of New Haven. In 1861 he enlisted 

in the 12th Conn. \'. I., and the same year was 

made captain of Company C of that regiment. He 

CM .. 



served througihout the war, and returning to Hart- 
ford, was made local agent of the Aetna Fire In- 
surance Company, in which capacity he served 
thirtv-two years. For three years he was quarter- 
niaster on the staff of Gov. Jewell, and for four 
years he was postmaster at Hartford. Fraternally 
he was active in Masonry ; in the Grand Army he 
was past commander of the department of Con- 
necticut, and treasurer of the Soldiers' Home at 
Xoroton, Connecticut. 

Leonard A. Dickinson died Jan. 27, 1901, and 
his funeral services were verv largely attended, by 
the public generally as well as by the Grand Army 
of the Republic and the insurance agencies witli 
which he had been so long and intimately associ- 
ated. Seldom has a man passed into the Great Be- 
yond w'hose loss has been so deeply and generally 
felt. Of high character, unimpeachable integrity 
and a winning personality, he had a host of friends, 
who knew him as a man of honor, of business abil- 
itv beyond the average, whose useful life and many 
virtues shed 'honor upon the State. 

The McXeil Family, of which the mother of 
Mrs. North was a member, has a history in Con- 
necticut that begins with the purchase of land by 
Archibald McNeil at Branford, about 1735. At 
the same time he married Mary, a daughter of 
Samuel Russell, and a widow of Benjamin Fenn. 
He died about 1753, leaving three sons, John, Sam- 
uel and Archibald. 

Archibald McNeil was born Sept. 20, 1736, at 
Branford, and May 2, 1758, married Sarah Clark, 
of Derby. They had a son, William, born May 13, 
1759, in New Haven, who was graduated from Yale 
in 1777. He was a gunner on the privateer "Mar- 
quis De Lafayette" from Jan. 30, 1782, to Aug. 13, 
1783. On Sept. 25, 1779, he married Huldah Au- 
gur in New Haven, and they had six children: 
W'illiam, John, Henry, ]\Iaria, Nancy and Abra- 
ham Archibald. Of these, Nancy married Raphael 
Dickinson, as noted above. 

WILLL\^I C. RUSSELL, formerly a whole- 
sale meat and provision dealer on Cedar street, 
New Haven, is a resident of Orange, where he was 
born March 13, 1835. The familv has long been 
prominent in Woodbridge and Orange, and his 
great-grandfather, ^itephen Russell, who served 
eight years as a private in the Revolutionary war, 
was a resident of Woodbridge for many years, 
later removing to Orange, where he died at an ad- 
vanced age. 

Chauncey Russell, our subject's grandfather, 
was born in Woodbridge, and died in Orange. 
March 30, 1825, at the early age of thirty-nine. 
He was a carpenter and wheelwright by trade, and 
a number of water-wheels in different places in 
this section were built by him. He married Lu- 
cinda Spcrry, a native of Woodbridge, and a 
daughter of Lieut. Job Sperry, an officer in the 
Revolutionary war. They had six children : Henry, 

William Ell, Roswell, Wealthy, Catherine and 
Charlotte, all now fleceased. 

William Ell Russell, our sul^ject's father, was 
a native of Orange, and made his permanent home 
there. For a time he followed the shoemaker's 
trade, and later he purchased a farm, where his re- 
maining years were spent, his death occurring at 
fhe age of fifty-nine. His homestead, a farm of 
medium size, is now owned by a son. Politically 
he was first a Whig and later a Republican, and his 
services in various offices showed much public 
spirit. He marriea Susan Parsons, who died in 
1888, aged seventy years. She was born in Or- 
ange, but her ancestors were early settlers in 
Derby, of which place her father, Levi Parsons, 
was a native ; he followed the sea for some time 
before engaging in farming. During the war of 
1812 he raised and drilled a company in Derby. 
He died aged seventy-seven years, and his wife, 
Emily (Clarlc), who was born 'in Derby and who 
was a member of a pioneer familv of Milford, lived 
to a good old age. She was a very able woman 
and reared her three children with rare ability. 
In religious faith they were Congregationalists. 
Our subject was one of a family of seven children, 
of whom four are living: William C. ; Elford C, 
a resident of Orange ; Betsey, who married An- 
drew D. Thomas, of West Haven : and Edward 
W., who was employed by our subject in New Ha- 
ven, and resides at the old homestead. 

As a boy William C. Russell assisted his father 
upon the farm, and attended the public schools and 
the academy at Orange. When sixteen he began 
to run teams to ^^'est Haven and to New Haven, 
to supply the retail trade in meat and provisions, 
and continued thus several years, the business in- 
creasing under his management. Later he began 
a wholesale business in Orange, and for seven 
years was a silent partner with C. C. x\ndrew & 
Co. In }ilarch, 1893, he rented a large building 
on Cedar street, constructed for the wholesale 
meat and provision business, and he built up a 
large local trade and also sent to adjoining cities. 
He has a farm which he purchased when twenty 
years old, and he now owns three farms in Orange, 
which his son-in-law operates for him. In ad- 
dition to general farming they are engaged in 
dairying and in other lines of work, Mr. Russell 
employing a number of men. 

On April 15, 1855, Mr. Russell married Miss 
Mary J. Lyon, who was born in Woodbridge, 
daughter of Dilazon Goodsell Lyon, who is now 
deceased. Her motlier, whose maiden name was 
Eliza Beach, was a native of Woodbridge, and 
died Jan. 4, 1900, at the age of eighty-nine years. 
Mr. and ^Irs. Lvon had five children, and four 
are vet living: William, who resides in Derby; 
Sarah, wife of Isaac Dickinson, of Westville ; 
Emily, who married Edward Grant, of Water- 
bury'; and ]^Iary J., Mrs. Russell. ]\Ir. and _Mrs._ 
Russell have one child living, Jennie, wife of 




. Frederick C. Sperry, who superintends our sub- 
jject's farm; they have two children, Russell Fred- 
lerick, born Jan. 4, 1897; and William Curtis, born 
I July 10, 1900. Georg-e Lyon, only son of our sub- 
ject, was born Feb. 21, 1857, and died Dec. 14, 
1863. Jessie E., born Oct. 20, 1873, died Aug. 29, 


Mr. Russell is a Republican in politics. He 
has served a number of years as selectman, mem- 
ber of the board of relief and assessor, and for a 
tim,e he was chairman of the board of assessors. 
In 1871 he was sent to the Legislature, and during 
his term served on the committee on fisheries ; he 
introduced the bill on shad fisheries, and the bill 
appropriating money from the State to the school 
I of Deaf Mutes in Hartford, to provide for teach- 
;ing reading by the motion of the lips; a number 
iof private bills were introduced and gained by 
I him. His intiuence and vote were also given to 
the bill to consolidate railroads. Mr. Russell is 
.a member of the Republican Club of Xew Haven, 
land has been a delegate to several State conven- 
tions w"ith Senator Graham. As one of the oldest 
members of Annawan Lodge. F. & A. ]\L, of West 
Haven, he holds a prominent place in Masonic 
circles in that locality ; he is a charter member of 
the Grange, a member of the Orange Agricultural 
Association and of the }^Iilk Dealers Association 
of New Haven, of which he was the first presi- 
ident. For some years he was a member and di- 
j rector of the Orange & ^lilford Agricultural As- 
jsociation and took an active part in sustaining the 
'-work ; his exhibits frequently won premiums. He 
has also served in the State ]\Iilitia. and for sev- 
eral years was in the Light Guards of Xew Haven. 
I He and his family are members of the Congrega- 
tional Church of Orange, in which he held office 
for some years as a member of the Society's com- 

patentee, natural mechanic and business man of 
Waterbury, was born in Springfield. Mass., ^lay 
14, 1828, and is a worthy representative of one of 
the oldest families of New England. 

Elder John White came to the Xew England 
colonies in 1632, bringing with him his wife and at 
least one child, X'athaniel. 

X'athaniel, afterward known as Capt. X'athan- 
iel White, was born in England in 1629, and was, 
therefore, but three years of age when brought to 
America. The family made their first home in 
Cambridge, ^Nlass., but after iowv years removed to 
Hartford, Conn. In 1650 or 1651 C:ipt. Xathaniel 
moved to ]\Iiddletown, Conn., of which place he 
v.-as one of the original proprietors. 

Deacon X^.thaniel White, son of Capt. Xathan- 
iel, was born in [Nliddletown, Upper Houses. Conn.. 
Julv 17, 1652, and died in Hadley, Mass., Feb. 15, 

Darjiel \\ hite, son ot Deacon Xathaniel, was 

born at Hadley, Mass., IMarch i, 1690, and set- 
tled in West Hempfield, where he died Oct. 19, 
' 1721. 

I Preserved White (i), son of Daniel, was born 
I in West Springfield, Aug. 31, 1721. He was a 
I weaver by occupation, and his death occurred in 
Springfield July 16, 1802. 

Preserved White (2), son of Preserved (i), 
was bom in Springfield, Xov. 25, 1743. He was an 
' armorer, learning his trade in the famous armory 
: of his native city. He died June 8, 1823. He was 
married Aug. 20, 1767, to Miss Mary Terry, daugh- 
i ter of Samuel and Sarah Terry, of Springfield, 
Mass. Thirteen children blessed this union : 
; Roderick, Alartin, Luther, Mary, Luther (2), 
' Roderick (2), Rachel, Hannah, Roderick (3), 
Hannah (2), Walter, Preserved (father of sub- 
ject) and Persis. 

Preserved White (3), father of Leroy Sunder- 
[ land White, was born in Springfield, in 1789, and 
died in September, 1832. He was married July 
; 13, 1823, to Lucinda Rice, a daughter of Jeduthan 
Rice, of Ludlow, Mass. Mrs. Lucinda White sur- 
vived until February, 1879, when she passed 
away. The family born of this union consisted of 
the following named children: Albert M., born 
June 18, 1824; Lewis, born Dec. 22, 1825; Lyman, 
born Feb. 18, 1827; Leroy S. ; Sarah Ann, born 
March 24, 1830; and William W., March 9, 1832. 
Of this family Albert AL, Lewis and Lyman are 
deceased; Sarah Ann was married ^tlarch 7, 1854, 
to the late Gen. George A. Washburn, of Hart- 
: ford ; and William W. is a machinist of Water- 

Shortly after the death of his father, Leroy 
Sunderland White was bound out to a farmer until 
nine years old. He then re'turned home, and next 
found employment as a bobbin boy in a cotton fac- 
j tory at Chicopee ; while there he was promoted 
I from place to place until he became a room superin- 
tendent. At a very early age }-oung White mani- 
fested a decided tendency for mechanics and a pre- 
; cocious faculty for invention. At the age of twelve 
1 years he made a miniature tool chest, which he 
filled with planes, saws, chisels and other tools be- 
longing to a joiner's outfit, and all of his own 
manufacture. This kit was for many years the 
admiration of his friends, and it foreshadowed the 
future of the youthful mechanic. He was em- 
ployed for some years in the Springfield armory, 
where in former years his father worked. When 
he was about eighteen years of age he entered the 
emplov of the Ames Alanufacturing Co., sword 
m.akers of Chicopee, where his duties included die- 
sinking and ornamental work upon swords, especi- 
allv ordered by the United States government as 
presentation swords. About 1855 Mr. White 
moved from Chicopee, or Springfield, to Hartford, 
' Conn., where he was employed as a machinist and 
i die cutter by the Hartford Manufacturing Co. 
J There he invented the first successful machines for 




46 r 

burnishing silver-plated flatware, and this patent he 
sold to the company. The firm of Rogers & 
Brothers (consisting of Asa Rogers, Simon Rog- 
ers, the late Mr. D. B. Hamilton and L. S. White) 
was soon afterward organized in Waterbury, and 
for this firm, from 1858, ]\Ir. White was for seven- 
teen years superintendent and master mechanic, 
and part of this time was its secretary. While 
with this firm ^Ir. White invented several new 
burnishing machines. In 1874 ]Mr. White was em- 
ploved by Brown & Brothers to superintend the 
erection of the plant fur the manufacture of flat- 
ware, and while with them he invented and per- 
fected machinery for making seamless tubing and 
kitchen boilers. Since leaving Brown & Brothers 
he has devoted his time to the invention and manu- 
facture of a large variety of articles, most of them 
for use in the application of electricity to mechan- 
ical devices. 

On April 24, 1852, Mr. White married Sarah 
Jane DeLancey, of Xew Market, N. H. They 
have lived in Waterbury since 1858, and here have 
reared their three children, namely: Emma 1.^, 
who was married, Dec. 19, 1876, to Alexander C. 
Mintie, of Waterbury; Jennie C, married, in July, 
rSpot to Thomas G. Lane, of Portland, iNIe. ; and 
Edith S., married in June, 1897, to Dr. Edward 
W. Goodenough, of Waterbury. In 1874 Mr. 
White passed three months in Europe on a tour 
for both pleasure and study, and in 1884 he made 
a more extensive tour. In politics Mr. White is a 
Republican, and has tilled several local offices, such 
as councilman, street commissioner, etc., but has 
been more interested in his private afifairs than in 
the concerns of the public. He is a member of Con- 
tinental Lodge, F. & A. ^I., Clark Commandery, 
and of the American Association for the Advance- 
ment of Science. Although he never attended a 
school after reaching his seventh year, he has ac- 
quired a wonderful store of practical and theoreti- 
cal knowledge by studying at all favorable oppor- 
tunities, and he has a fine library well supplied 
with the works of the best scientific writers and 
metaphysicians. He experiments a great deal with 
the X-Rays, in which he is quite skilled, and is 
classed among the true scientific investigators of 

Meriden's best-known business men, and president 
of The Griswold, Richmond & Clock Co., dealers 
m stoves,^ furnaces, etc., Meriden, was born in Lock- 
port. N. Y., and is descended from one of the old- 
est families in Xew England. 

The lineage of the familv mav be traced, in an 
unbroken chain of descent, 'from' Humphrev Gris- 
wolfl, a "Lord of the Manor," who lived in Eng- 
land in the .sixteenth century. The Malvern estate 
came into his possession in' 1600, and the heritage 
still remains with the English branch of the fam- 
ily. In 1679, :Malvcrn Hall, with the Coat of Arms. 

was mentioned in English records as belongino- to 
Humphrey Griswold, who died in 1671, and *was 
succeeded by his brother, Rev. Henry Griswold, 
who died about 1720. From him the 'title passed 
to his eldest son, Humphrey, and upon the latter's 
death, in 1772, to his youngest son, Henry. Henrv 
dying without male issue, the estate and title passed 
to Rev. Mathew Griswold, a justice of the peace 
for the County of Warwick. On his death, in 1778, 
he left a daughter, Mary, who became the wife of 
David Lewis. She died without surviving male 
issue, but left three daughters, Magdalene, Anne 

; Maria and Eliza. The oldest married the fourth 
Earl of Dysart, Anne Maria married the fifth, and 
Eliza died a spinster. A male heir in the direct line 
being still wanting, the Malvern estate, and the 
Arms of Griswold, passed to Henry Griswold 
Lewis, a son of David Lewis by a second mar- 
riage. The next heir was Lie'ut.-Col. Edmund. 

' ]Meysey Griswold, who was succeeded by his uncle, 

I Henry Wigley, M. A., who assumed the surname 
of Griswold, and whose descendants are still own- 

■ ers of the ancestral estate and arms. 

\ The American branch of the Griswold family 
claims as its first-known English progenitor 
[Nlathew Griswold, Esq., of Kenilworth, Warwick- 
shire, an uncle of Humphrey Griswold, the first 
Lord of the Manor above named. Mathew had 
three sons, Thomas, Edward and Mathew, and oL 
these, ]\Iathew, the youngest, was the first to come 
to America. \\'hile yet very young, he joined a 
company of pilgrims collected from Warwickshire,. 
^Vorcestershire, Somersetshire and Devonshire, un- 

: der the leadership of Rev. John Warham, who left 
Lngland during the reign of Charles I, and landed 
on the shores of Massachusetts Dec. 30, 1620. 
Nine years later Edward Griswold joined his- 
brother Mathew, and the two removed from Massa- 
chusetts to Connecticut, Edward settling at Wind- 
sor and the younger brother at Saybrook. 

Edward Griswold, mentioned above, was born 
in England in 1607, e'migrated to America, and 
made his first permanent settlement in Connecticut, 
at Saybrook, in 1663, and in 1667 moved to what 
is now KillingAvorth, in ^Middlesex county, where- 
he settled and which he named after his birthplace 

! in England. Here he became an extensive land- 

'■ owner, and died in 1691. In 1630 he married Mar- 
garet (surname not given), who died Aug. it,, 
1670, and two years later he married Sarah, widow 
of James Remes, of New London, Conn. His chil- 
dren were: Sarah, born in 1631 ; George, in i''>33; 
Francis, in 1635: Lydia, in 1637; Sarah, in I'l.^S. 
married Samuel Phelps, Nov. 10, 1650, and mar- 
ried (second), July 21, 1670, Nathan Pinney: Ann, 
in 1642; Mary, born Oct. 13, 1644, married Tim- 
othy Phelps, on March 19, 1661 ; Deborah. June 28, 
1646, married Samuel Buell; Joseph. March 12, 
1O47; Samuel, Nov. 18, 1649; John, Aug. i, 1652. 
John Griswold, youngest son of Edward, the 
emigrant, was born in 1652, in Windsor, Conp.^ 

■ Jll <■: I^.T-.r,-; -n 



;!•:•; I'l" 



and removed with his parents to Killingworth, now 
the town of Clinton, where he became a land owner 
and farmer, and died there Aug. 7, 1717. John 
Griswold was a man of intelligence and influence 
and was a deacon in the church. On Oct. 27, 167 1, 
he was married to ^lary (surname unknown), and 
after her death to Bathsheba (surname unknown), 
who died Alarch 19, 1736, and he was the father of 
these children : Alary, born in February, 1673 ; 
Margaret, in December, 1675; Hannah, in October, 
1677; J<5hn B., Sept. 22, and died Dec. 27, 1679; 
Dorothy, born in ]\lay, 1681 ; Bathsheba, in Decem- 
ber, 1682, married Daniel Clark, Dec. i, 1708; 
Samuel, April, 1685; Lucy, in July, 1686; Martha, 
in June, 1689, died in March, 1690; Joseph and 
Benjamin (twins), Sept. 26, 1691 ; Dorothy, in 
September, 1692; Martha, in June, 1694; Daniel, 
in October, 1696; and Walter, in Alarch, 1700. 

Joseph Griswold, twin brother of Benjamin, 
and son of John, of Killingworth, like his father 
and grandfather, spent his days in the town of his 
birth, where he was influential, and a worthy mem- 
ber of the church, and died April 18, 1770. On 
Dec. 27, 17 14, he married Temperance Lay, who 
died in September. 1772, and their children were: 
John, born Oct. 12, 1715; Joseph, Oct. 22, 1716; 
Martha, April 28, 1719; Giles, June 3, 1725; John; 
J^aniel, who married Lydia Hull ; and Jedediah. 

Giles Griswold, son of Joseph, was born in Kill- 
ingworth, June 3, 1725,' and on Nov. 17, 1746, mar- 
ried Mary Chatfield, and their children were: 
Mary, born April 18, 1747; Giles, Oct. 28, 1748; 
Mercy, Oct. 19, 1751 ; Lucy, Oct. 15, 1753; Jesse, 
Aug. 28, 1756. died Sept. 21, 1777; Zenas, born 
May 10, 1759; Abner, Alarch 31, 1762; Drusilla, 
Jan. 21, 1764, died in Alarch, 1764; Drusilla (2), 
May 21, 1766; David. Nov. 20, 1768; and Charity, 
Feb. 12, 1774. 

Zenas (jriswold, grandfather of Xathan Fowler 
Griswold, was born Alay 10, 1759, in Killingworth, 
where he grew to manhood, and where he became 
a farmer and landowner. He participated in the 
war of the Revolution, having enlisted Jan. 3, 1777, 
in Capt. Stevens' company, and was discharged 
Dec. 21, 1779, re-enlisting ^lay 3. 1781. and served 
in Capt. Nathaniel Edwards' company. By an act 
of Congress, passed March 18, 1818, he was made 
a pensioner, and died in his native home, full of 
years and honors, in 1836. Zenas Griswold was 
twice married. His first wife, Mary Lane, was 
born in 1758, and d'ied in ]May. 1803. Her chil- 
dren were: Philip, born in January, 1786. settled 
in Genesee, N. Y. ; Jesse, born in February, 1788, 
settled in Lockport, X. Y. ; Deborah, born Aug. 
2. 1790, married William Hill, and died Oct. 15, 
1873; Rachel, born in January, 1793, died in 1809; 
Martin married Sally Fowler; and Sarah married 
Elias Norton. For his second wife Zenas Gris- 
wold married Mary Pettibone, a widow, who died 
in 1843. Two children were born to this union: 

j Amasa Pettibone, who married Charlotte Chatfield ; 
and Rachel, who married Louis Chatfield. 

Alartin Griswold, father of Nathan Fowler 
Griswold, was born on the old Griswold homestead 
in Killingworth, where he grew to manhood, and 
where he married Sally Fowler, daughter of Nathan 
and Chloe (Davis) Fowler. After his marriage he 
removed with his wife to Lockport, N. Y., where 
his brother Jesse was also located, and engaged in 
farming for some time, but a'fter the death of his 
wife, which occurred shortly after the birth of our 
subject, he sold out, and returned to Connecticut, 
i locating in ]\Iiddletown. There he engaged at gun- 
j making for several years for the United States 
! Government, and then went West, locating in 
I Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio, where he bought a farm 
and spent the remainder of his days. Mr. Gris- 
wold was a hard-working, honest man, well known 
for his integrity and for his fair and honorable 
dealings, a man who made the Golden Rule his life 
motto and steadily endeavored to follow it. His 
happiness was only found when he was square 
with the world and his fellow men. In his younger 
days he was a Democrat, but held anti-slavery 
views, and at the formation of the Republican 
party associated himself with it, ever after being a 
strong partisan, although no office seeker. For his 
second wife he wedded Mary Post, of Westbrook, 
Conn., who died in Ohio. She became the mother 
of several children, all of whom are dead except 
Anne and Willard M. Griswold, a railway agent, 
residing in Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio. 

Nathan Fowler Griswold, the subject proper of 
this sketch, was only three days old when his 
mother died, and he was thus early deprived of 
her tender, fostering care. While still a babe he 
was taken by his bereaved father from his native 
New York home to Connecticut, and there placed 
under the care of his maternal grandparents, in 
Durham, and there attended the district schools. 
When he was but eleven years of age he started 
out to make his own way in the world, trying one 
season on a farm. This life did not entirely please 
him. and he then engaged to work in the store of 
Uriah A. Ayers, of East Haddam, where he re- 
mained four years, receiving as compensation his 
board and clothes. While filling this position he 
managed to attend school during the winters, but 
the greater part of his education was received 
through study at home, through reading, and in the 
severe school of experience. The desire to learn 
a trade first brought him to Meriden, and he worked 
first with Pomeroy & Ives, learning the tinning 
trade, and during his four years with that firm he 
received for the first year $25, with an increase of 
$5 everv year. After completing his trade within 
one or two months of his apprenticeship, he pur- 
chased his remaining time, and started for the 
West, with Cincinnati as his objective point. The 
trip was an interesting one, filled with variety and 



excitement. By canal he reached Buffalo, thence 
l)v boat he went to Tokdo, thence again by canal, 
;ii)(l here the canal gave way and the passengers 
Middciily found their boat high and dry on land 
in the woods. Each one had to do the best he 
could, Mr. Griswold finally reaching the Queen 
L'itv by team. He soon found employment at his 
trade, with Greenfield & W'inchell, and there for a 
])criod of three years worked as a journe^nnan. 
Returning to Meriden, he worked for Pomeroy & 
Leonard, and later removed to Holyoke, Alass., 
where he first started in business and remained 
two years, and then returned to Meriden. In 1854 
he started in the tinning business for himself, first 
with George F. Searles as partner, who later sold 
out. With Henry J. Lewis, son of the well-known 
citizen, Isaac C. Lewis, the business was conducted 
under the firm name of Griswold & Lewis, until 
1876, when Mr. Charles C. Glock became a partner, 
and the firm became Griswold, Lewis & Glock. 
Mr. Lewis later sold out to Mr. J. L. Richmond, 
the firm thus becoming Griswold. Richmond & 
Glock. In 1889 the firm changed into a stock com- 
pany, known as the Griswold, Richmond & Glock 
Co., of which Mr. Griswold is president and Mr. 
Glock is superintendent. 

Mr. Griswold has conducted a successful busi- 
ness for nearly half a century, succeeding on ac- 
count of his ability, energy and keen foresight. A 
man of kind and genial disposition, large-hearted 
and generous, he is very frequently called upon for 
aid for charitable purposes, and liberally responds. 
In his religious views Mr. Griswold avows himself 
an agnostic, declaring his belief to be founded on 
facts and science, in the place of superstition and 
faith, which has been opposed to progress. Mr. 
Griswold believes there is much wisdom in Paine's 
■'-Age of Reason" and in IngersoU's "Age of 
Truth," and closes his testimony with the gentle 
assertion, "with malice toward none, and charity 
for all, I simply confess that I don't know." Mr. 
Griswold's spotless private life and his imtarnished 
public reputation disarm all criticism, and he is in 
every way a citizen of whom his city is justly 

In Meriden Mr. Griswold married Eliza Will- 
iams, a native of that town, where she died, and 
her remains rest in the A\'est cemetery. She was a 
consistent and valued member of tne L'niversalist 
Church. The children born to this union were : 
Ella A., who married Eugene H. Ray. superintend- 
ent of the Silver City Plate Co. : Charles, who died 
in young manhood, and now sleeps in the West 
cemetery by his mother; Frank, who died while 
a resident of Chicago; and Lewis F., who is a de- 
signer for the Charles Parker Co. For his second 
wife l\Ir. Griswold wedded Mira Rockwell, who 
was born in Hartford, a daughter of Capt. Samuel 
Rockwell, and is a lady of high culture and of fine 
attainments. Mr. and Mrs. Griswold reside in their 
beautiful home on Lincoln street, where they offer 
a bounteous hospitality. 

The Rockwell family, of which Mrs. Nathan 
F. Griswold is a descendant, is one of the oldest in 
Hartford county. Williatn Rockwell, the first of 
the family in America, was born in Dorchester, 
England, April 14, 1C24, was married in his native 
country to Susannah Capan, a daughter of Bernard 
Capan. They came to America in 1630, locating 
first in Dorchester, Mass., where he was one of the 
twenty-four freemen who took the oath of fidelity 
on May 18, 163 1, was a deacon in the church there, 
and was one of the jurors in the first manslaughter 
case tried in the Colony. In 1637 he removed his 
family to Windsor, Conn., where he passed the re- 
mainder of his days, dying ^Nlay 15, 1640. William 
Rockwell was also a deacon in the church at Wind- 
sor. On May 29, 1645, his widow married for her 
second husband Mathew Grand, and she passed 
away Nov. 14, 1666. The children were; Joan, 
born April 25, 1625, in England; Samuel, July 18, 
1627, in England; John, March 28, 1631, in Dor- 
cnester, Mass. ; Ruth, in August, 1633, in Dor- 
chester; Sarah, July 31, 1634, in Windsor, Conn.; 
and Joseph, in 1635, in Windsor. Ruth married 
Christopher Huntington, and removed to Say- 
brook in 1660, and later to Norwich, where they 
were early settlers. Sarah became the wife of 
Walter Gaylor. 

Sergeant Samuel Rockwell, son of Deacon Will- 
iam, was born in England, came to America with 
his parents, and removed with them to Windsor 
and was one of the early settlers of what is now 
East Windsor, and there engaged in farming until 
his death, in 171 1. On April 6, 1662, he was ad- 
mitted to membership in the Windsor Church, and 
on April 7, 1660, he married Mary Norton, of Guil- 
ford, a daughter of Thomas and Grace (Wells) 
Norton, and to them were born these children : 
!\Iary, baptized in January, 1661, married, Oct. 23, 
1683, to Josiah Loomis ; Samuel, baptized Oct. 19, 
1667; Joseph, ]\Iay 22, 1670; John, Alay 31, 1673; 
Abigail, April 11, 1676, married, Nov. 9, 1704, 
John Smith, and died Oct. 12, 1741 ; and Josiah, 
baptized ^Nlarch 10, 1676. 

Lieutenant Joseph Rockwell was born in East 
Windsor, where he grew to manhood and was en- 
gaged in farmiup- all his life, dying on June 26, 
1733. His marriage was to Elizabeth Drake, born 
Xov. 4, 1675, s daughter of Job and Elizabeth (Al- 
vord) Drake, and to them were born six children: 
Joseph, Nov. 23, 1695; Elizabeth, Dec. 12, 1690, 
died in infancy; Benjamin, Oct. 26. 1700; James, 
June 3, 1704; Job, April 13, 1709; and Elizabeth, 
July 24. I7r3, married Jonathan Huntington. 

Benjamin Rockwell, son of Lieut. Joseph, was 
born in East Windsor, Oct. 26, 1700. At the age 
of nineteen years he removed to Staft'ord, Tolland 
county, where he became engaged in farming an<l 
passed the remainder of his life. He married ]\Iar- 
garet Park, a daughter of Robert Park, of Preston. 
Conn., and their children were Margaret, Samuel 
and Elizabeth. 

Samuel Rockwell, only son of Benjamin, was 



born in Stafford, Conn., Xov. 28, 1727, and died 
there Xov. 24, 1794. He was twice married, the 
first time, Dec. 15, 1757, to Hannah Orcutt, born 
Jan. 2, 17^8-9. a danghter of Xathan and Phcbe 
(_ Little) Orcutt, and to this union these children 
were born: Benjamin, Job, Samuel, Xathan, Han- 
nah and Margaret. His second marriage was to 
Hannah Johnson, the widow of El'ias Lee, and she 
died Dec. 16, 1834, at the age of eighty-one, having 
been the mother of one daughter, Lucy. 

Benjamin Rockwell, the grandfather of Mrs. 
Griswold, was born in 1758, on the old homestead 
in Stafford, where he died in 1803. His marriage 
was to Eimice Lillibridge, of Stafford, and these 
children were born to the marriage : Park, Sept. 
16, 1790, and died Sept. 4, 1877, married Esther 
Slater, a daughter of Aloses Slater, born ]\Iay 14, 
1793, and died in Alarch, 1883, and they had five 
children, Benjamin, an unnamed infant, Maurice, 
Miranda and Emeline; Samuel, the father of ^Irs. 
Griswold; David, born in 1800, died Jan. 18, 1840-1 
married Lavinia Hyde, of Stafford, who was born 
in 1794, and died June 8, 1852 ; and Polly. 

Capt. Samuel Rockwell was born on the old 
homestead in Stafford, where he received a com- 
mon-school education, growing to manhood in his 
native town. In early manhood he came to Hart- 
ford county, where he started in business and be- 
came one of the largest grain and feed dealers in 
the city of Hartford, building up a prosperous 
trade, and becoming noted for his honesty and up- 
right dealings. Domestic in his habits, neverthe- 
less he took an interest in public affairs, was a 
stanch supporter of the Democratic party, and 
although he ever upheld its principles, he just 
as strenuously refused public office. Mr. Rockwell 
was captain of the State militia in Stafford, and 
always took a deep interest in it. His religious 
connection was with the Congregational Church, 
where he was liberal in the support of charity, and 
was a devoted husband and father, a man who en- 
joyed the respect of the community. 

Capt. Rockwell was twice married. He first 
married Lydia Lillibridge, and three children were 
born to them : Benjamin, Emery and David, the 
latter a theological student at Trinity College, 
Hartford. He married, second, Hannah Hyde, and 
to this union five children were bom : James, 
Clark, Almira, Charles and Willard, all deceased 
except Mrs. Griswold and Charles, who resides in 
Hartford. Both Mr. and Mrs. Rockwell are buried 
in Spring Grove cemetery. Mrs. Rockwell was 
noted for her gentle, winning manner, and was a 
consistent member of the Congregational Church. 
She had descended from one of the oldest families 
in Connecticut, William Hyde having been one of 
the oldest settlcrs'of Xorwich. The name of Will- 
iam Hyde first appears in Hartford in the old bury- 
ing ground as one of the oldest settlers, but the 
name was well known in England for many years 
before it was found in America. Sir Robert Hvde 

was chief justice of the court of common pleas 
m 1660. Sir Edward Hyde, afterward the Earl o£ 

. Clarendon, is known to all students of English his- 
tory as the grandfather of Queen Anne an\l of Ed- 
ward Hyde, who became one of the provincial gov- 
ernors of Xew York. 

A\ illiam Hyde was probablv a contemporarv of 
Sir Robert and came to America with Rev. Thomas 
Hooker, the first minister in Hartford, removing 
to Saybrook and later to Xorwich, where he died 
on Jan. 6, 1681. William Hyde's children were:. 
Hester, who married John Post; Samuel, born in 
Hartford, about 1637, married, m June, 1659, Jane 
Lee, a daughter of Thomas Lee, of East Savbrook,. 
and their children were Elizabeth, \yorn in August^ 
1660. married Richard Lord; Phebe, born in Jan- 
uary, 1663, married .Mathew Griswold: Samuel, 
born in 1665, married Elizabeth Calkins: [ohn! 
born in December, 1667, married Experience Abel; 
William, born in January, 1670, married Ann Bush- 
nell; Thomas, born in July, 1672, married Mary 
Backus: Jalus, born in May, 1677, married Eliza- 

' beth Bushnell; and Sarah, born in 1675, died the 
same year. 

Thomas Hyde, son of Samuel, was born in Julv, 
1672, in Xorwich, Conn., and died April 9, 1755. 
In December, 1696, he married Marv, daughter of 
Stephen Backus, of Xorwich. and 'their children 
were: :Mary, born Feb. 21, 1698, married John 
Pember; Thomas, bom July 29, 1699. married 
Elizabeth Huntington; Phebe, born March 16, 

1702, married John Erench ; Jacob, born Jan. 20,. 

1703, married Harriet Kingsbury; Jane, born Dec 
4, 1704, married John Birchard ; and Abner, born 
Sept. 12, 1706, married first Jerusha Huntington,, 
and second, Mehetable Smith." 

Jacob Hyde, born on Jan. 20, 1703, in Xorwich, 
Conn., died Jan. 22. 1782, was married Oct. 11, 
1727, to Hannah, daughter of Joseph Kingsbury,, 
and their children were: Jacob, born Aug. i, 1730, 
married Hannah Hasen ; Mary, born March 24, 
1732. married Peabody Moseley ; Ephraim, born on 
April 23, 1734; Joseph, born June i, 1736, married 
first Abigail Abel, and second married Justicia 
Abal ; Hannah, born May 8, 1738, married Samuel 
Ladd ; Ruth, born Jan. 26, 1740, married EzekieL 
Ladd ; Jonathan, born Jan. 4, 1742, died O'^t. 22, 
1743; Silence, born April 13, 1744, married Joseph 
Ladd; Rebecca, born Dec. 11, 1745, married Leb- 
beus Armstrong; and Phebe, born Oct. 7, 1751,. 
died Jan. 28, 1771. 

Ephraim Hyde, son of Jacob, was born in Xor- 
wich, later removed to Stafford, and married ^lar- 
tha Giddings, of Xorwich, the children born to them 
being: Xathaniel, ]\Iarch 7, 1757, married first 
Sarah String, and second Cynthia Palmer; Han- 
nah, X'ov. 15. 1758; Lydia, Jan. 6, 1760, married 
Joseph Alden : Ephraim. Jan. 23, 1763, married 
Alargaret Walbridge ; Xathan, Feb. 15, 1765, mar- 
ried Olive Wales: Jacob, Xov. 13, 1767, married 
Lydia Hall; Jasper, December, 1769, married De- 

vi;7 u. 



light Strong; Emma, Aug. 2, 1772, married Eli 
Converse; Eli, May 4, 1777, married Mehitable 

Jacob Hyde, son of Ephraim, was born in 
Stafford, on Nov. 13. 1767, and died June 8. 1847, 
and married Lydia Hall, of StatTord. The children 
of tiiis marriage were: Ephraim Hall, March 17, 
1794, died Feb. 22, 1873, married first Xancy Shaw, 
second, Esther Foster; Jacob, born in 1802, died 
Nov. 30, 1828; Lydia. born in 1797, died Dec. 20, 
1832, married Daniel Finney; Hannah, born ^larch 
6, 1808, died in ^Nleriden. Oct. 13, 1893. On Sept. 
24, 1834, she married Samuel Rockwell, the father 
of ^Irs. X. F. Griswold. 

ROLAND AUSTLX S^HTH. One of the well- 
known farmer citizens of that part of North Haven 
known as Montowese, is Roland Austin Smith, who 
is a descendant of an old and honored family of 
Crawfordshire, England. Asa Smith, the grand- 
father, came to America when a young man, landing 
at Boston and opening up a blacksmith shop, which 
he operated for some time there, later moving to 
Sherburne, Alass., where he also worked at his trade. 
He subsequently located in the home of his daugh- 
ter in Walpole, ^lass., where both he and his wife 
died. The children born to this couple were : Em- 
ery; Louisa, who married Metcalf Siiiith ; Roxie, 
who married Reuben Clapp ; Caroline, who married 
William Carroll ; and Roland Sumner. 

•Roland Sumner Smith was born in Sherburne, 
Mass., and learned the trade of blacksmith under 
Mr. Plimpton, in Walpole, [Mass., and also engaged 
in making hoes, scythes, in those days all the work 
being performed by hand. Later he removed to 
Burrville, Mass., and still later entered into v/ork 
at his trade in both Walpole and Foxboro. his last 
work being done in W'alpole Center, removing some 
time previous to his death to Norfolk, ilass. His 
marriage was to Eliza Gilbert, who was a sister of 
Lydia Curtis, who became the mother of Gen. 
Nelson Miles. The father of Mrs. Smith was 
Solomon Gilbert, a basket manufacturer, who was 
born in Sharon, Mass. The children of this union 
were Roland A. ; Maria, who married Ellis Boyden, 
of Walpole, Mass.; Levi E., a resident of Lynn, 
Mass.; and Charles H., a resident of Boston. 

Roland Austin Smith was born in Walpole. 
Mass., May 24, 1824, and removed with his par- 
ents to Foxboro when a lad, and went to the dis- 
trict schools in that village and in Walpole. After 
the age of twelve he had little educational opportun- 
ity and came to New Haven, where he was em- 
ployed by his uncle, Levi Gilbert, as a clerk in a con- 
fectionery store at the corner of Center and Church 
streets. Remaining with his uncle for two years, 
he then returned home and was occupied on the farm 
until he was eighteen, when he started in to learn 
the trade of a baker, in Medfield, Mass., and be- 
came skilled in the business. For fifteen years he 
worked at this trade in New Haven, in a building 


located where the Hyperion Theater now stands, 
and then embarked in the oyster business. Hiring 
a depot on Orange street, he dealt in the bivalves, 
lx)th wholesale and retail, shipping many to distant 
States, remaining in this line about nine years. 
Later he started a restaurant where the Second 
National Bank is now located, remaining there but 
a short time, as this did not prove a favorable lo- 

Mr. Smith then took a position as brakeman on 
the Hartford & New Haven R. R., and filled many 
positions on the road, acting as a general mechanic 
at times, and becoming conductor, severing his con- 
nection with the road when business became poor 
with it. on account of the Civil war. Entering the 
shop of Peck, Smith & Co. of Southington, Conn., 
now the Peck, Stowe & Wilcox Co., he remained in 
their employ for ten years, doing general mechani- 
cal work, and l^eing employed on bayonets, which: 
were sold to the government. He remained all 
through the war, but after its close the demand for 
these weapons ceased, and another line of goods 
was produced. A man of many resources, when' 
one line of work failed Mr. Smith found another, 
and coming to North Haven, he was employed to 
care for an aged lady, Mrs. Bedotha Button, for 
nine years faithfully performing the duties re- 
quired of him. After her death he bought his pres- 
ent farm from Eli Hayes, and has made many im- 
provements, and carries on a general line of farm- 

On May 25, 1848, Mr. Smith was married to 
Lois Eaton, a native of X'orth Haven, and a daugh- 
ter of Theophilus and Elmira ( Bronson ) Eaton, and 
two children have been born of this union : Charles 
and Harriet. A very pleasant and companionable- 
gentleman, his recollections of former davs are verv 
interesting, and he possesses a wonderful memorv.. 
stored with incidents of interest. His political at^l- 
iation is with the Republican party, and he is ever 
ready to uphold its principles, although he is unwill- 
ing to hold any position in the gift of the party. 

THOAL\S AXDREW SAHTH. who in early 
life was prominently identified with the industrial 
mterests of New Haven county, and is now en- 
gaged in agricultural pursuits in X'orth Bran ford.. 
I was born in that town Jan. 9, 1827. and belongs- 
I to old Colonial families. His paternal grandfather. 
Thomas Smith, was born about 1762. and died 
I Feb. 20, 181 5. He was a soldier of the war of 
I 181 2, and succeeded in blowing up an Engli-^h 
I craft, but was injured in the explosion and 'lied 
from the effects of his wounds. His first wife. 
I Sarah Frost, was the mother of Thomas ( father 
I of the subject of this sketch). John an<l Sarah. 
I On April 22, 1801, he married Rosanna Hull, who 
' died Feb. 3, 1846. In their family were five chil- 
dren, namely: Ebenezer, born Alarch 17, 1802, 
I who wedded Mary Ann Rogers ; Rosanna, ba])- 
I tized June 21, 1812; Martha, who married George- 

(■•..vrr ;:■■' :;i 



L. Thorpe; Iliram, baptized May 6, 1810; and 

Deacon Thomas Smith was born in North 
Haven Sept. 20, 1798, and died Dec. 10, 1874. 
He was married Jan. 24, 1819, to Hannah Tuttle, 
daughter of Jude Tuttle. She was horn Jan 4, 
1802, and died Dec. 6, 1876. To them were born 
the following- children : Julius, born Dec. 0, 1S19, 
wedded Mary Frost; he was engaged in the 
butcher business in Fair Haven and Hartford. 
George R., born Jan. 18, 1821, married Emeline 
^Munson, and followed farming near the old home- 
stead. Sarah L., born April 20, 1824, died young. 
Thomas Andrew is ne.xt in order of birth. James 
¥., born Dec. 31, 1830, also followed farming near 
ihe old homestead. Jane F., twan sister of James 
F., is the widow of William S. Munson, of W'all- 
ingford. John W., born Jan. 14, 1835, first married 
Anna Fowler and second Ida Bradley, and is en- 
gaged in farming in Seymour, Conn. Julia A., 
bom Aug. 20, 1844, married Henry Harrison, of 
North Branford. All are now deceased with the 
exception of Thomas A., Jane and John W. 

On the maternal side Thomas x\. Smith traces 
his ancestry back to William Tuttle, a passenger 
•on the "Planter," who came to New England at 
the age of twenty-six years, and died in June, 
1673. His wife, Elizabeth, was born in 1012, and 
died in 1684. In their family were the following 
children: John, born in 1631 ; Hannah, born in 
1632 or 1633; Thomas, born in 1633 or 1634; 
Jonathan, who was baptized in Charlestown, ^lass., 
July 8, 1637; David, who was baptized April 7, 
1639; Joseph, who was baptized in New' Haven, 
Conn., Nov. 22, 1640; Sarah, who was also born 
in New Haven and married John Slauson ; Eliza- 
beth, who married Richard Edwards; Simon, who 
was baptized March 28, 1647; Benjamin: ]Mercy, 
who married Samuel Brown : and Nathaniel. 

Jonathan Tuttle, son of William, was born in 
Charlestown, Mass., in 1637, and died in 1705. 
He married Rebecca Bell, of Stamford. Conn., a 
daughter of Lieut. Francis Bell. She died in 1676. 
Tliey had six children, whose names and dates of 
birth were as follows: Rebecca, Sept. 10, 1664; 
Alary, Sept. 7, 1666: Jonathan, April 6, 1669; 
Simon, March 11, 1671 ; William, May 25, 1673; 
and Nathaniel, Feb. 25, 1676. 

William Tuttle, son of Jonathan, wedded Mary 
Abernethy, of Wallingford, Conn., and they had 
eleven children: Aaron, born Nov. 25, 1698; 
Closes; Mary, August, 1702: Ezekiel, April 21, 
17 — ; Abel; Susanna, Nov. 10, 1708; Lydia, Feb. 
22, 171 1 ; Jemima, Feb. 13, 1713; Hannah, Nov. 
10, 1715; William, Aug. i, 1718; and Daniel, 
April 30, 1722. 

Aaron Tuttle, a son of William, was one of 
the founders of the Episcopal Church in Walling- 
ford, Conn. He was married, Feb. 6, 1724, to 
Mary Munson, and to them were born the fol- 
lowing children : Jude, the eldest, was born Aug. 

16, 1724; Deborah, born Dec. 30, 1725, married 
Amos Clark; Abel, born Feb. 14, 1728, married 
Dorcas Thomas; Aaron, born Oct. 23, 1729, died 
in 1737; Mary, born May 22, 17:^2 ; Eleazer, born 
Oct. 12, 1734, died in 1739; Ithamar, born Oct. 
26, 1736, was the great-grandfather of our sub- 
ject; Aaron, born Nov. 30, 1738; Eleazer, born 
Sept. 2, 1740; Rachel, born July 14, 1742, mar- 
ried James Flill; and Isaac, born Feb. 4, 1745. 

Ensign Itliamar Tuttle, also captain in the 
militia, was born Oct. 26, 1736, and died Nov. 8, 
1817. He was married, July 28, 1762, to Rhoda 
Barnes, who died Alay 6, 1806. Their children 
were Joshua, who was born in 1764; Jude, the 
grandfather of our subject; Levi, who married 
Molly Bassett; Polly, who married David J. Tut- 
tle ; Betsey, who married Reuben Doolittle ; Patty ; 
Jerry, who married Mary Bronson; Whiting, who 
married Lucinda Tuttle; Lyman, who with the 
toregoing was baptized Oct. 7, 1780; ^Maiming, 
who was baptized Feb. 23, 1781 ; Rhoda, who was 
baptized April 13, 1783, and married Amos Brad- 
ley ; and Ithamar. 

Jude Tuttle, the maternal grandfather of our 
subject, was born June 24, 1765, and died probably 
Sept. 26, 1808. He married Louisa Smith, Jan. 
I, 1 79 1, and they had six children, namely: 
Aurelia, who married Jesse Bassett ; Whiting, who 
married a member of the Fairbanks family; Patty, 
who was born in Rome, Alass. ; Lorinda, who died 
in North Adams, Mass. ; Hannah, mother of our 
subject; and Jude S., who was born July 4, 1804. 

Thomas A. Smith, whose name introduces this 
sketch, passed his boyhood and youth in North 
Branford, and began his education in the district 
schools of the town. Later, however, he attended 
the graded schools of North Haven. When a 
young man he secured employment in a factory 
at ]\Ieriden, where he remained two years, and 
then embarked in the foundry business at Clinton- 
ville. Conn., as a member of a company, manufac- 
turing locks and similar articles. Prior to the war 
of the Rebellion they did a large business in the 
South, depending on the mail order system to ad- 
vertise and sell their wares. About 1855 ]\Ir. 
Smith sold out, and took stock in the agricultural 
implement manufacturing company, then being or- 
ganized in Northford, which enterprise was car- 
ried on very successfully for a number of years, 
and then discontinued. He ne.xt engaged in mer- 
chandising at that place until 1896, when he dis- 
posed of his business, and has since superintended 
the operation of his farm of sixty acres in North- 

In that town, Mr. Smith was married. May 9, 
1855, to Miss Ann Delia Harrison, a daughter of 
Albert and Ann (Foote) Harrison. She died Dec. 
I, 1859, leaving one child, Albert Harrison, who 
was born Feb. 11, 1856, and died May 25, 1898. 
He was engaged in fruit raising at Paw Paw, 
Alich., and was married, March 18, 1885, to Emma 

< •',/').,■»■ (if.'i. .'''l',! II 



R. Snyder, by whom he had two children : 
'J lionias Albert, born Jan. 25, 1886; and I'aul 
Harrison, born Sept. 20, iS8y. ^Ir. Smith was 
married, second, Oct. 21, 1869, by Rev. ]Mr. Davis, 
to Miss .Martha E. Page, of Xorth Branford, 
whose ancestral history is given in connection with 
the sketch of her brother on another page of this 

Politically Mr. Smith is an ardent Republican, 
and in religious connection a member of the Con- 
gregational Church of Xorthford. He has been 
honored with several official positions of trust and 
responsibility, having served as postmaster of 
Xorthford for about fourteen years ; selectman 
several terms ; tax collector six consecutive years ; 
member of the State Legislature two terms ; and 
member of the school board. In business affairs 
he was always energetic, prompt and notably re- 
liable, and he is a man whose worth and ability 
have gained him success, honor and public confi- 

EDWIX W. COOPER, who was born in West- 
ville, Conn., Feb. 3, 1826, passed out of life Dec. 
10, 1898, and in his death Westville lost not only 
one of its most successful manufacturers, but also 
a citizen who was prominently identified with and 
interested in the progress and industrial develop- 
ment of his section to an unusual degree. 

The birth of Edwin W. Cooper occurred in the 
town where his business success was obtained. His 
early educational opportunities were very limited 
as, by the death of his father, when only a child, he 
was obliged to labor for his mother's support, she 
being left with a family to care for. Entering a 
cooper shop as early as he would be received as an 
apprentice, he worked there for a time and then 
took passage on a vessel owned by Abram Heaton, 
gradually being promoted until his wages permitted 
the saving of money. This vessel plied between 
Xew Haven and Southern ports, and ^Ir. Cooper 
continued on it for three years. 

Upon his return to Westville, 'Sir. Cooper en- 
tered into business in partnership with Joseph D. 
Payne, the association continuing for fifteen years. 
It was at this time that the business was inaugurated 
in the town of Madison, by Mr. Cooper, that proved 
such a financial success and resulted in the founding 
of an industrial enterprise which has been of the 
greatest value to this section of the county. For 
about fifteen years Mr. Cooper was a manufacturer 
of manilla and straw board paper, utilizing the force 
of two mills, and giving employment to a large 
number of competent workmen. For some vears 
prior to his death he had retired from the active 
management of the business. 

Mr. Cooper was married, first, to Ruth Ann 
Wooster, who was a daughter of Garry Wooster, 
of Westville. She died, leaving one son. Zenas W.. 
who is a resident of Windsor, Conn. On Sept. 8, 
1868, Mr. Cooper was married to Miss }*Iartha S. 

Hotchkiss, who was born in X'augatuck, Conn., a 
daughter of Gideon O. and Xancy (Smith) Hotch- 
kiss, the latter of whom was a daughter of Anson 
Smith, also of Xaugatuck. One child was born 
of this union: Eleanor M., born in 1872, married 
Harry B. Kennedv, of Xew Haven, Conn., and died 
Feb. 8, 1896. 

Mrs. Cooper was a daughter of Gideon Oscar 
Hotchkiss, a son of Major Orrin, a son of Amos, 
who was a son of Gideon. Gideon Oscar Hotch- 
kiss was a farmer of prominence, and was also aj 
leader in the Democratic party, for nine years being 
one of the most efficient sheritts of the county, hold- 
ing the office at the time of his death, in 1872. The 
children born to Mr. and Mrs. Hotchkiss were: 
(i) Martha and (2) Marian, twins, the former of 
whom became Airs. Cooper, and the latter Mrs. 
George W. Davis. (3) Orrin Waite, deceased, 
was born in Xaugutuck where he was educated, 
learned the trade of machinist and became superin- 
tendent of the E. S. Wheeler factory in Saugatuck, 
spending his last years in Bridgeport ; he married 
Emma Perry, who was born in Westport, and they 
had one son — Edwin Benton, who was educated 
in Westville, became also a machinist, and in 1895 
went to Rotterdam, Holland, where he is the super- 
intendent of a factory. (He married Katherine Mc- 
Carty, of Brooklyn, X^. Y., near which city her 
father is a farmer, and they have two sons, Harold 
Orrin and Vernon Le Grand.) (4) George Lean- 
der is deceased. (^5) Ida married Willis B. Isbell, 
well known as "Parson" Isbell, and they have two 
I children, Lena May, who married Rev. Charles O. 
Scoville in X'ew Haven, and has a daughter Helen 
i May; and Grace Lillian, who married Dennis Crum- 
i my, and has two children, Teresa and Julia. (6) 
j Hobart is a prominent lawyer and a judge in thei 
i city of X'ew Haven. (7) Howard L. married Mayj 
Towne of Cleveland, Ohio, and is superintendent of I 
the malleable iron department of the Deering Alanu- j 
facturing Co., of Chicago. j 

Mr. Cooper was a life-long Democrat and for 
eight years served his city as selectman. Frater- j 
nally he was connected with the ^Masonic order, and I 
both he and family were consistent and devoted ' 
members of the Episcopal Church. 


j one of the well-known and popular men of Meri- 

' den, is now living as a retired farmer, and is cn- 

' joying in his old age the fruitage of honest and 

j industrious years. He was born on the Middle- 

I town Road, East Meriden, Alay 22, 1832, a grand- 

! son of David Williams, a native of Xew York, 

i w^ho followed the occupation of ship carpenter. 

j ■ Robert Williams, son of David, and the fatlier 

! of Selden, was born in Catskill. X. Y., and as his 

1 father died four years after, Robert was taken to 

^outh Glastonbury, Conn., and received into the 

home of David Tryon, where he remained until 

sixteen years of age. At that time he came to 

I '.'.'■' I ,; 

( , ,; 

.. _ i.n< 



I Meriden, and entered the employ of Noah Pom- 
eroy, a tinner, and devoted himself to learning the 
! tinner's trade. For several years he was an ap- 
I prentice with Mr. Pomeroy, and for fifteen years 
I after leaving him followed the trade as a journev- 
man. He then boug'ht his native farm, embracing 
twelve acres in East Meriden, wlvich became the 
home of the family. He traveled through the 
United States for several years, selling patent 
rights, with great success. His last years, how- 
ever, were spent on the farm, where he died. In 
politics he was a Democrat, and in religious mat- 
ters a believer in the faith of the Baptist Church, 
iof which his wife was a life-long member. Mr. 
Williams was married in Meriden to Rachel Bald- 
win, daughter of Samuel Baldwin, of East Meri- 
den. She was a school teacher in her earlv vears, ' 
and died on the farm where she had lived many 
years, and her remains are buried in the East 
Cemetery. They had nine children : Alonzo J., 
who died in 1900: Hannah, the wife of Henry 
Winslow, of Middletown: Selden Charles; Jo- 
seph H., who died in 1902; Russell, of Meriden; 
Francis, of East [Meriden; Linus, of Akron, Ohio; 
Isaac B., of Meriden ; Harvey iNIiller, who died 
when nine months old. 

Selden Charles Williams received his education 
in the district school and at Aleriden Academy. 
He grew up on the farm, and at the age of eight- 
een years began traveling through the Middle 
States and the South, engaged in peddling. At 
New Orleans his health failed, and he took passage 
on a Swedish barque for Italy, acting as third mate 
on board the ship while on the voyage. While 
returning home he learned at West Sicily, of the 
breaking out of the Civil war in the United States. 
He hastened home and enlisted in Company F, 
15th Conn. V. I., with Capt. Al. Harvey and Col. 
Dexter Wright as his superior otificers. Although 
he had a crippled hand, he was accepted, and par- 
ticipated in several battles, proving himself a brave 
and loyal soldier. He was transferred to the 
quartermaster's department, having charge of the 
captured horses and mules brouglit in by Sher- 
man's men. Mr. Williams was mustered out of 
the service in North Carolina, and returned home, 
feeling that he had dene a man's part in the hour 
of his country's need. 

At home Mr. Williams was engaged in the 
cultivation of the home farm for a time, and then 
found work in the factory of Bradley &: Hubbard. 
For eight years he was with that noted house, and 
then resumed his work on the farm, where he is 
still engaged. Mr. Williams is well read, and is 
thoroughly posted on all the subjects of the day. 
An earnest and intelligent believer in the cardinal 
principles of Democracy, he is a worker for the 
success of the party. He is not committed to any 
church, and holds the Golden Rule as a sufficient 
Jaw of life. 

On Sept. 4, 1865, Mr. Williams was married 

[ to Sarah L. Remington, who was born in Meriden,. 
j a daughter of Oliver T. and \'incey (Morse) Rem- 
i ington. To this union were born eight children, 
of whom four are living, namelv : Carson E. 
: married Anna E. Loy ; Flora E. is 'at home; Har- 
; vey, born Oct. 24, 1875, and now a butcher and 
t meat dealer, was married to Josephine Kiemli ; and 
Sarah Lois married Edwin S. Culver, of Meriden,. 
j and is the mother of three children, Howard 
j Marcus, Raymond George and Robert .\lmon. All 
j the others died in infancy. Mrs. Williams is a. 
, lady of intelligence, and has proved a worthv help- 
meet to her excellent husband. 


, hvmg retired in Westville, is a native of New 

j Haven, born :\Iay 29, 1823, in Elm street, and 

through along and exemplary life has upheld the- 

prestige of a family whose members have ever com- 

I manded the highest respect. The connection ot 

! the Merriman family with the historv of Connecticut 

j dates back to the earliest Colonial davs. The name 

has been variously spelled Merriman! IMerriam, etc. 

j From the History of Wallingford we extract the 

j following: 

I "Joseph Merriam took the freeman's oath in Lex- 
i ington, Mass., [March 14, 1638, and died Jan! i„ 
: 1641, and some of his descendants assumed the name 
: of or were recorded as Merriman. Capt. Nathaniel 
i }klerriman was one of the original settlers of Wal- 
I lingford, Conn., in 1670. He died Feb. 13, 1693,, 
\ aged eighty years. 

1 "John, born Feb. 28, 1659, had three wives, first 
' Hannah Lines, of New Haven, second AIar>' Doo- 
\ little, and third Elizabeth Peck. 
; "John, son of John and Elizabeth Peck, born 
I Oct. 16, 1691. This John (i) was probablv a Bap- 
tist preacher, preaching at Wallingford and after- 
ward at Southington, where he died Feb. 17, 1784.. 
I and he was my grandfather's grandfather, as fol- 
' lows: Silas (2), Marcus (3), [Marcus Jr. (4),. 
; my father, Charles Granniss (5) Merriman, mvself, 
; aged sixty-five now (1888), born Alay 29, 1823. 

"Silas Merriman, my great-grandfather, was 
I born 1734, died [May 8, 1805, age seventy-one; his 
I wife, Hannah Upson, died 1820.", 

Marcus Merriman, grandfather of our subject, 
was born Oct. 31, 1762, in Cheshire, Conn., and 
i died in New Haven. Just before his death he wrote 
a sketch of his life which is now in the possession 
of his grandson, our subject. He was verv active 
during the Revolutionary period, and took part in 
that struggle as an artillerist, being in many 
of the engagements in and around New Haven. 
His parents had moved back to Southington. 
and remained there throughout the war. In 
1780 Marcus Merriman went to sea on a privateer, 
and he served several months on the Atlan- 
tic, visiting, in company with other privateers. 
France and other countries. In [March, 1781, he 
enlisted on board a 20-gun ship which was to sail 

:ryy»^'^^^yti^^■»'~■y'^;jy«i^yg^»yji^^ y^y^< ■^ ^ 








^^Cp /C^^^^-'T^^ C^^^^i^^^yt^^i^.'T^^ 



^lut of New London, under letter of marque. He 
went to the West Indies, where at Port au Prince. 
llavti, he had yellow fever. In the Bay of Biscay, 
wliither the vessel had sailed after visiting the West 
Indies, they were engaged by two British war ves- 
sels, were hard pressed, and obliged to run ashore 
near Bayonne, where the ship was abandoned. After 
recovering the cargo they sold it, and Mr. Alerri- walked to Bordeaux, a distance of 100 miles. 
This consumed four or five days, and after waiting 
a month, he and his companions left on foot for 
Xantes, 200 miles away. At the latter port they 
shipped for $8.00 per month, on a Rhode Island 
brig. Here they heard the good news of the sur- 
render of Lord Corn wal lis to Gen. Washington. 
After leaving thfe coast of France, they'did not see 
another vessel until they arrived in Providence, after 
a voyage of fifty-three da\s. They carried silks and 
brandy from France. Finally returning to Xew 
Haven, Marcus ^Merriman completed his trade, that 
of a jeweler and silversmith, which he continued to 
follow, becoming a member of the firm of Merri- 
man & Bradley. Alarcus Merriman was a good citi- 
zen and a devout believer in the principles of Chris- 
tianity, which he earnestly tried to follow. He was 
four times married. In November, 1783, he wed- 
ded Sarah Parmelee (grandmother of our subject), 
who died May 16, 1793, leaving three small children. 
By his second wife, Susan Bonticou, who died in 
January, 1807, he had five children, all of whom 
<lied in infancy but Sarah, who became the wife of 
Eben N. Thomson, of Goshen, Conn. On Dec. 22, 
1807, Mr. Merriman married Lydia Wilcox, of Kill- 
ingworth, who died Feb. 5, 1822. In November, 
1822, he married Betsey, widow of Othniel De For- 
i"St, of Huntington, Connecticut. 

Marcus Merriman, Jr., father of Charles G., was 
born in New Haven, and there died Dec. 11, 1864, 
On Sept. 12, 1813, he married Mary Hotchkiss, who 
was born in New Haven. }klarch 18, 1793, a daugh- 
ter of Hezekiah Hotchkiss, also a native of New 
Haven, and a member of an old Connecticut family. 
Mrs. Merriman died March 12, 1855. Nine chil- 
•dren blessed this union, of whom we have the fol- 
lowing brief record: James E., born Jan. 27, 1815. 
resided in Memphis, Tenn., where he was engaged 
in the jewelry business; he died May 15, 1879, '" 
New Haven. :\Iarcus P., born Nov. 18, 1817, died 
June 3, 182 1. Elias P., born May i. 18 19, lives in 
\V estville ; for many years he was in the tax col- 
lector's office. George T., born Feb. 22. 182 1, died 
on November 29, 1829. Charles G. is the sub- 
ject proper of this article. William, born Dec. 
--• 1825, died in infancy. ]\Iary G., born June 13, 
1827, died in Julv, 1830. Grace H., born Nov. 2. 
1829, (lied Dec. 17, 1834. Samuel P.. born July 9, 
1831, died Sept. 21, 1854. -Marcus :\Ierriman,'jr., 
the father of this family, was a silversmith during 
his early maiihwxl, and in later life a manufacturer 
of hardware. He took a very active part in the pul> 
lie affairs of his section, held numerous local offices, 

and discharged the duties thereof so completely to 
the satisfaction of his fellow citizens that they hon- 
ored him with election to the State Senate. His 
political affiliation was originally with the Whig 
party, and he eventually became a Republican. In 
religion he was a Congregationalist, holding mem- 
bership with the North Church. 

Charles Granniss Alerriman remained in the 
city of his birth until he was fourteen, and received 
his literary training in the Lancasterian School, 
where Mr. Lovell was then the instructor. He then 
went to New York City, remaining there until he 
was twenty-one, when he went to Montgomery, Ala., 
for two years. His next move was to Memphis, 
Tenn., where he resided for twenty years, engaged 
in the jewelry business. In 1858 Mr. Merriman 
brought his family to Hamden, Conn., purchasing 
a farm whereon they lived until 1875, snice which 
year their home has been in Westville. He never 
engaged in fanning as an occupation, residing on 
the place mentioned from preference. No citizen 
of the community enjoys more thoroughly the es- 
teem and affection of his neighbors than does our 
subject. Mr. Merriman has literary tastes, which 
in his years of retirement he has had plenty of op- 
portunity to gratify. He has written numerous arti- 
cles for different papers, and has published several 
books of poems, among them "The Legend of the 
Sleeping Giant," "Crude Thoughts In \'erse," 
"Past and Present," and "^Memories, Reminiscences, 
etc. in verse of the Old Lancasterian School." Like 
his father before him, he is a Republican in politics 
and a Congregationalist in religion, in the latter con- 
nection holding membership in the Westvilhe Con- 
gregational Church. 

On Aug. 22, 1855, Mr. Merriman married Miss 
Martha L. White, who was born in Waterbury, 
Conn., but was living in Memphis at the time of 
their marriage. Her parents, Hiram J. and Hen- 
rietta White, were Waterbury people. Three chil- 
dren were born to Mr. and Mrs. 2\Ierriman : Fran- 
cis, who died in infancy ; Laura W., who died Oct. 
15, 1880. aged twenty-two years; and Miss Alice 
M., residing at home. 

ROMANTA T. LINSLEY, one of the leading 
and influential men of North Haven, is a worthy 
representative of an old family in Connecticut. 
The original settlers in America were two brothers, 
Francis and John, who came from England, and 
located and bought land in Totoket, in 1643. I-'rom 
John are descended the Linsleys of North Haven. 
For genealogy see sketch of Edward Lee Linsley, 
elsewhere in this volume. 

Romanta T. Linsley was born in North ford, 
Dec. 17, 1832, and received every educational ad- 
vantage that the time and place aft'ordcd, having 
both district and select schooling. Until eighteen 
years of age he attended school, a part of the time, 
and assisted about the farm, and then started to 
learn the cabinet maker's trade, later the car- 

■A\ i 



pentcr's trade. His first wages did not cover more 
than the price of his board. Hampered by poor 
health, he was not able to continue very long at 
one occupation. He worked in North Haven in 
an agricultural implement factory, and then went 
to Pennsylvania, where he tried work on a railroad. 
Returning later to North Haven, he assisted his 
father in the lumber business. The war breaking 
out, his brother Samuel gave up his butchering 
business to become a soldier, and our subject took 
charge of this, selling meat over a large territory. 
Closing out this business, he returned to his. old 
trade of joiner, and continued in that line until 
1885, when he was elected first selectman, to the 
duties of which otifice he gave his whole time and 
attention. For twelve years Mr. Linsley held that 
important position, his term expiring in 1897, 
since which time he has lived on the pleasant farm 
of eleven acres, somewhat retired from public life. 
During his administration the beautiful [Memorial 
Hall, in North Haven, was erected, and he was 
chairman of the building committee. In October, 
1899, he was further honored by his fellow citi- 
zens with the appointment to the office of- town 
treasurer, to succeed the late F. Hayden Todd, 
which position he still fills. He has also served 
efficiently as grand juror. 

Mr. Linsley married Aliss Angeline B. Pardee, 
a native of North Haven, a daughter of John and 
Deborah (Todd) Pardee, and the only child of 
this union was Idora, who was born Aug. 2, 1858, 
and who died March 18. 1872. In politics Mr. 
Linsley is a stanch Republican. For twenty-five 
years he has been 'the treasurer of the Episcopal 
Church, of North Haven, and yet retains the po- 
sition, and he has also been vestryman ; both he and 
his wife are valued members of the same. Kind 
and obliging in manner, Mr. Linsley has many 
friends, and is regarded as one of the substantial 
and representative men of North Haven. 

ALFRED D. TYRRILL, superintendent of 
the New Haven branch of the National Casket 
Co., is one of the well known men of the business 
world in New Haven. Almost his entire life has 
been passed within the confines of New Haven 
county, and there, where he is so well known in 
commercial and social circles, no man stands higher 
in the estimation of the people. He was born in 
Derby, Conn., Dec. 10, 1837, a son of Isaac PI. 
Tyrrill, of that town. 

Isaac H. Tyrrill was born Jan. 5, 1812, a son 
of Eben Tyrrill, and his wife Esther, the former 
of whom was born in 1784, and died Feb. 21, 1825, 
and the latter born Oct. 17, 1780, and died Jan. 
10. 1835. Isaac H. Tyrrill grew to manhood in 
Derby, and there learned the joiner's trade, be- 
coming a master builder. In political sentiment 
he was a stanch Whig, and in his religious faith 
an Episcopalian. He married Harriett S. Blake, 
who was born April 6, 181 1, a daughter of Isaac 

Blake, and died June i, 1874. Two children were 
born to them, Elmore S., born March 17, 1835, 
now residing in New Haven; and Alfred D., our 

Alfred D. Tyrrill was one year of age when 
his parents removed from Derby to Newtown, 
Conn., and there he acquired his literary training 
in the public schools and in the academy, under 
the personal tuition of J. Homer French and J. 
E. Goodhue. He was prepared for Trinity Col- 
lege, but was obliged to abandon his intention in 
regard to a higher education by the failure of his 
health. Until he was twenty-one years of age he 
engaged in teaching in the public schools, spending 
his summers in looking after his mother's prop- 
erty. By the time he had gained his majority he 
had become prominent in public affairs, and he was 
elected to several offices at different times, being 
town clerk for three years, registrar of vital statis- 
tics for a like period, member of the board of edu- 
cation six years, etc. He had six schools under 
his charge to visit and examine all the teachers, 
and was chief constable for three years, tax col- 
lector one year. When President Buchanan was 
in power, Jerome Judsou was postmaster, but as 
he was in business in Sandy Hook, Mr. Tvrrill 
attended to the postofifice. "^After four years in 
Newtown, closing up his aft'airs, he, in 1864, came 
to New Haven, and has since made it his home. 
His first employment in this city was as a laborer 
in the New Haven Clock Co.; he remained with 
this company some twelve years in various posi- 
tions, but by straining his eyes while filing saws^ 
he lost the sight of one eye. He was an expert saw 
filer and held a position as such for fifteen years, 
at the end of which time he became assistant super- 
intendent of the company he had served so long. 
After one year he was chosen superintendent, tak- 
ing entire charge of the case and brass depart- 
ment. After nine years in this responsible position 
he resigned, and for a short time was engaged in 
the retail grocery business. In 189 1 he became 
superintendent of the National Casket Co., and in 
1899, when that company became the New Haven 
branch of the National' Casket Co., Air. Tyrrill 
was appointed superintendent, and this he con- 
tinues to be. He has built up a large trade, and 
has won much praise for his management of the 
company's interests in New Haven. 

On Dec. 21, 1858. Mr. Tyrrill was married to^ 
Miss Martha Dikeman. who was born in New- 
town, Conn., a daughter of Ebenezer and Betsey 
M. (Dikeman) Dikeman. the former born in New- 
town, a son of Nathaniel Dikeman. and the latter 
born in Danbury. a daughter of Niram and Pat- 
tie (Berker) Dikeman. Niram and Nathaniel 
Dikeman were brothers, and they were the sons 
of Thaddeus Dikeman. Two children blessed the 
home of Mr. and Mrs. Tyrrill: (i) Dwight S., 
born Jan. 2, i860, has for many years been asso- 
ciated with his father. When the latter was super- 



iiitciulcnt of the Clock Co., Dwight was the assist- 
ant siipcriiitc'iKlcnt, and again with the National 
Casket Co., Dwight was bookkeeper for two years, 
tlieu travehng salesman for a like period, and now 
is foreman of the Mill department. He married 
Anna Daniels, and makes his home in New Haven. 
(_>) (lertrude married William AI. Reid, of Hart- 
ford, where he is salesman in Brown & Thompson's 
(lrv-t^>ods store, the leading business of its kind in 
Jliirtford. Politically Mr. Tyrrill is a Democrat, 
but in local affairs acts independently, voting for 
tlie best man regardless of party. He is a member 
of Wooster Lodge, No. 79, F. & A. AI., and the 
Alutual Benefit Association. For fourteen years 
he was a member of the Second Company, Gov- 
ernor's Foot Guards, and for the last seven years 
of that time was secretary and treasurer. When 
a voung man, Mr. Tyrrill was possessed of a tenor 
voice of good quality, and for many years he was 
the soloist in the Episcopal Church choir in New- 
town, and also in other choirs. 

den, for thirty years and more one of its substantial 
men and honored citizens, and now Judge of Pro- 
bate for the Aleriden district, and a veteran of the 
Civil war, has long held a prominent position in the 
professional and social circles of the city, in which 
his useful life is passing. 

Judge Thayer was born March 24, 1843, i" ^^^^ 
town of New Milford, Litchfield Co., Conn., a son 
of Augustine and Electa (Fairchild) Thayer, and a 
grandson of Lemuel and Lucy (Brownson) Thayer. 
Electa Fairchild belonged to the old and respected 
family of that name in Newtown, Conn., where she 
passed her girlhood and early womanhood. 

Augustine Thayer was a carpenter and builder, 
and followed his trade all his active life in New 
Milford, where he was justice of the peace for a 
number of years. A man of unassuming spirit and 
genuine worth, his advice commanded respect, and 
many disputes were settled by him out of court. For 
fifty years he was a member of the Congregational 
Church, and his daily life brought no blush of shame 
to his Christian profession. As a good husband and 
a kind father, as well as loyal and faithful friend, 
he is tenderly remembered by those who knew him 
most intimately. He was a strong Anti-slavery 
man, and gave very substantial aid to the cause of 
the Union in the days of war and strife. 

The Fairchild family, as noted above, has long 
been noted in Fairfield county, and is supposed to 
be of Scottish origin, the name being written Fair- 
bairn ni the early days. The family coat-of-arms 
indicates that some of its members took part in the 
Crusades from 1096 to 1400 A. D. The family re- 
moved from Scotland to England where the name 
became Fairchild. Thomas Fairchild, who was the 
first of the name in America, came with the first set- 
tlers, locating at Stratford, Fairfield county, in the 
rising colony of Connecticut. He became a mer- 

chant, and was one of the leading men of the settle- 
ment, holding various positions of honor and respon- 
sibility. In 1O64 he was justice of the peace, and was 
also a leather sealer for the county. In 1654 he, with 
his brother, and Thomas Sherwood, were appointed 
a committee to draft men for the Narragansett war. 
His death occurred Dec. 14, 1670. Miss Seabrook, 
a sister of Mrs. Thomas Sherwood, was his first 
wife; and Miss Catherine Craigg, of London, Conn., 
his second. To these two marriages were born six 

Thomas Fairchild, born in 1644, was the first 
white child born in Stratford. He lived and died in 
his native town, and was the father of the following 
children : John, Josiah, Priscilla and Emma. 

Josiah Fairchild, noted in the preceding para- 
graph, was born in Stratford, in 1664, where he 
was a land owner, and where he died. Edward 
Fairchild, his son, was born in Stratford, where he 
grew to manhood, and in 1720 removed to New- 
town, Fairfield county, where he spent the remainder 
of his life and where his posterity still abide. He 
was married, and became the father of Jonathan, 
Ebenezer, Closes and James. 

James Fairchild, the great-great-grandfather of 
Judge Thayer, was born in Newtown, Conn., where 
he lived and died. He was a land owner and a 
farmer, and spent his life in his native community. 
Silas, Philo and James were his children. 

Silas Fairchild, the great-grandfather of Judge 
Thayer, was born in Newtown, in 1748, and was 
married to Sarah Godfrey, of Weston, Conn., who 
died Alarch 31, 1832, at the age of eighty-three 
years. He died Dec. 17, 1821. He was a prom- 
inent man and was commissioned lieutenant and 
subsequently a captain of Train Band by Governor 
Trumbull. Flis children were as follows : Joseph, 
born Aug. 12, 1770; Abigail, born Aug. 10, 1772, 
died March 28, 1794; Stephen Bradley, born May 
31, 1774, died Feb. 19, 1775; Polly, born March 3, 
1776, died Jan. 22. 1794; Sarah, born July 6, 1781. 

Joseph Fairchild, the grandfather of Judge 
Thayer, died June 23, 1855, and his years covered 
a long and critical period in the history of the Re- 
public. He was three times married, his second 
wife being Amarillas Dibble, of Danbury, Conn. 
She died Jan. 10, 1827, and their daughter. Electa, 
became the wife of Augustine Thayer, and the 
mother of Judge Thayer, as already noted. 

Judge Thayer received his preliminary education 
in the old Housatonic Institute at New Milford. 
where he was being prepared for College at the 
breaking out of the Civil war. The firing on For: 
Sumter, and the stirring scenes of the summer of 
1861, aroused within his heart a patriotic devn- 
tion that could not be denied, and he left the school 
room for the tented field, enlisting Sept. 21, 1861. 
in Company I, 8th Conn. V. I., and was mustercfl 
into the United States service with his company and 
regiment the same day. This command became a 
part of the Eastern army, sailing with the Burn- 

,M'; ■:■ 'h. . ■' 



side expedition in January, 1862. and from that time 
until its discliargc, Dec. 12, 1865, saw much active 
service, and made an honorable record for itself on 
many a bloody field. Judge Thayer shared the for- 
tunes of his regiment from start to finish, and par- 
ticipated in the following notable engagements : 
Newbern, X. C, March 14, i86j; siege of Macon, 
in April, 1862; Fredericksburg, \'a., Dec. 13, 1862; 
Fort Huger, April 19, 1863 ; Walthall Junction, \"a.. 
May 7, 1864; Fort Darling, \'a., May 16, 1864; 
Petersburg, \'a., Aug. 25, 1864: Fort Harrison, \'a., 
Sept. 29, 1864, and entered Richmond with his regi- 
ment April 3, 1865. After the fall of Richmond he 
was detailed as clerk in the Adjutant-General's de- 
partment of the 24th Army Corps, commanded by 
General Ord, and subsequently, after the dissolution 
of that corps was assigiied to duty at the headquar- 
ters of the Department of X'irginia, commanded by 
General Terry, where he served until discharged in 
December, 1865. When his four years and three 
months of military service were over, young Thayer 
returned to his home with a record as a Union sol- 
dier, of which he and his friends may well be proud. 

Judge Thayer promptly resumed his studious 
habits, and became a student in the office of Will- 
iam Knapp, of New Milford, studying law under 
his most efficient direction, being admitted to the 
Litchfield Bar in 1869. In that year he located at 
Meriden, and for three years it was his privilege to 
be in the office with Hon. O. H. Piatt, now United 
States Senator from Connecticut. After this period, 
Mr. Thayer was associated in the practice of the 
law with Hon. Ratliff Hicks, under the firm name of 
Hicks & Thayer. This partnership continued sev- 
eral years, and since its dissolution Judge Thayer 
has not been a member of any legal firm. Judge 
Thayer has served several terms as a city attorney, 
and for about thirteen years was assistant judge 
and clerk of the city and police court of ^Meriden. 
He has also been justice of the peace and a judge 
advocate of the department of Connecticut G. A. R., 
and was chosen to his present position. Judge of the 
Court of Probate for the Meriden district, in 1893, 
ably performing its many and complicated duties, to 
the satisfaction of all concerned. Judge Thayer is 
a man of ability, of the strictest integrity, and com- 
mands the esteem and respect of the community in 
which he has so long lived. 

On Jan. 19, 1873, Judge Thayer was married to 
Annie S., a daughter of S. K. Devereu.x, of Castine. 
Maine, Collector of Customs of the Port of Castine. 
The only child of this union was Zerline Devereux, 
born in Meriden, Conn., Mav 29, 1880, and died 
Dec. 9, 1884. 

GATES. Throughout the past century there 
have lived in the town of Derby several generations 
of the Gates family, among whom have been men of 
prominence, wealth and large intluence in the com- 
munity — such men as the late Col. Robert Gates and 
Robert Wilder Gates, and the present Hon. Robert 

Owen Gates, former high sheriff of Xew Haven 
county, and a man of prominence not only in the 
town and county but in the State. Various mem- 
bers of the earlier generations in America ranked 
with the most prominent as well as the earliest of 
the settlers of Xew England. 

Capt. George Gates, the progenitor of the Derby 
branch of the Gates family, was I)orn about 1634, 
in England, and came to this country when about 
seventeen years old, in the care of Capt. Xicholas 
Olmsted. He was of Hartford, Conn., as early as 
1661, and in the following year was an original pro- 
prietor of East Haddam, which locality was the 
home of his descendants for generations. He was 
captain of the First Military Company of Haddam, 
and served as such until October, 1697. Capt. Gates 
married Sarah, eldest daughter of Capt. Xicholas 
Olmsted, of Hartford, son of James, who came to 
Boston in 1632, and removed to Hartford in 1636, 
becoming an original proprietor. Xicholas Olmsted 
was one of the prominent public men of Hartford, 
and held important public offices. He served in the 
Pequot war, also in King Philip's war, was ap- 
pointed a captain and sent to Xew London in 1675. 
He married Sarah, daughter of Joseph Loomis, of 
Windsor, Conn. Capt. George Gates lived to be 
about ninety years of age, dying in 1724. and his 
wife died in 1704. From this Capt. Gates and wife, 
Robert Owen Gates of Derby, is a descendant in 
the eighth generation, his line being through Deacon 
Joseph, Deacon and Capt. Joseph. Ensign Bazaliel, 
Bazaliel (2), Col. Robert and Robert Wilder Gates. 

(H) Deacon Joseph Gates, son of Capt. George, 
the settler, born in 1662, married Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of Thomas Hungerford (2), and granddaughter 
of Thomas Hungerford, of Hartford, and Xew Lon- 
don. Deacon Gates died in 1712, and his widow 
passed away in 1759. 

(HI) Deacon and Capt. Joseph Gates, son of 
Deacon Joseph, born in 1695-96, married in 1719 
Hannah Brainard, who was born in 1694, daughter 
of Deacon Daniel and Hannah (Ventris) Brain- 
ard, of Haddam, and granddaughter of Daniel and 
Hannah (Spencer) Brainard. Deacon Joseph Gates 
died in 1770, and his wife Hannah in 1744. 

(IV) Ensign Bazaliel Gates, son of Deacon and 
Capt. Joseph Gates, born in 1726. married in 1750 
Mary Brainard, who died in 1796. 

(V) Bazaliel Gates (2), son of Ensign Bazaliel, 
born in 175 1, married Dorothv Wilder, and died in 

(VI) Col. Robert Gates, son of Bazaliel (2), 
born Dec. 16. 1780. married March 17, 1804. Re- 
becca Howe, born ]May 12. 1782, daughter of Elisha 
and Ann (Hollister) Howe, of Glastonbury. Conn. 
Col. Gates died Feb. 27, 1865, and his wife passed 
away July 6. 1856. Col. Gates early in life removed 
from East Haddam to Derby, in which town he ever 
afterward made his home. He engaged in merchan- 
dising, keeping one of the principal stores in the 
Xaugatuck \'alley, from which many of the settlers 

- 'f '-• 


■..,^:^,^^..,;.a.tii^i.>>ga£i«l£:i:j(^^ .y^:.wa U;.^A;.aa>:>s^:^jA^iiua 




in that whole region of country obtained their sup- 
pHcs. He also owned vessels, freighting between 
Derby and New York, became a very prosperous and 
successful man, and was prominent and induential 
in the community. He was postmaster of Derby 
from 1833 to 1849, '^"•J served in the State Legis- 
lature in 1838. He served in the war of 1812 in 
the Connecticut militia, and our subject has four 
conmiissions hanging in his spacious hall given to 
the Colonel by the government of Connecticut, as 
follows: In 1807, when he was appointed by Gen. 
Trumbull captain; in 1813. when he became cap- 
tain of the third company of artillery ; in 18 16, when 
lie became major; and in 1818, when he was pro- 
moted to the rank of lieutenant-colonel. In Sep- 
tember, 1813, he and his company were ordered to 
New London, and served forty-five days. It is 
said that he furnished and equipped his company 
on this expedition and is so reported in history. 
The "Derby History" states that he furnished ma- 
terial aid to the cause. Rebecca (Howe), his wife, 
on her mother's side was a direct descendant of 
Lieut. John Hollister, Richard Treat, John Tal- 
-cott, Hon. Elizur Holyoke, John Robbins. Gov. 
Thomas Welles, the Gaylords, Alott, Pynchon and 
Butler families, all prominent in the early Colonial 
history of New England. 

(VII) Robert Wilder Gates, son of Col. Robert, 
was born in Derby, June 6, 1812. On June 21, 1833, 
in old Trinity Church, New York, by Bishop On- 
derdonk, he was married to Ann Maria Townsend 
Hotchkiss, born June 8, 1813, daughter of John 
Owen Hotchkiss. Mr. Gates died Dec. 9, 1882, and 
his widow May 6, 1891. Mr. Gates was a citizen of 
Derby throughout his long lifetime. In his boyhood 
.and young manhood he assisted his father in the 
conduct of his business, and along in the "thirties" 
became associated with James Standish as a builder 
and contractor, and at the same time was engaged 
in the lumber business. Subsequently, associated 
with J. J. Brown, he was engaged in the carriage 
business. Like his father before him, he was a 
successful business man, prosperous in his under- 
takings, and was a man of means and indueiice in 
the town. His political affiliations were with the 
Democratic party. For a time, beginning early in 
1853, he served as postmaster of Derby, and he also 
served as assessor and as deputy sheriff. He com-- 
manded the respect and esteem of his fellow citizens. 

Robert Owen G.\te5, son of Robert \\'ilder, w^as 
born Nov. 23, 1838, in Derby, and in the public 
schools of that town received his education. After 
his school days were over, he for a period assisted 
his father in his carriage business. Later on and 
while yet a boy, was a clerk in the office of the Hart- 
ford & New Haven Railroad Company, at Spring- 
field, under B. B. Woodford, then in charge there. 
Following an experience of a year or two so occu- 
pied in Springfield, he returned to his native town. 
and became employed in the manufacturing plant of 
Robert N. Bassett, who in the latter part of the 

fifties began the manufacture of hoop-skirt wires 
and metal corset material, though previously en- 
gaged for many years in other lines of manufacture. 
Here young Gates early developed marked ability 
in the business of manufacturing, and rose rapidly to 
positions of trust and resjxjnsibility. He remained 
actively and energetically connected with the es- 
tablishment for a decade and more, and for mtich 
of the time was in charge of the factory. Such was 
his energy and ability, and his fidelity to his em- 
ployers, that while at the beginning his wages were 
but a dollar and a half per day they were speedily 
advanced until he commanded a salary of several 
thousand dollars per year. An idea of the growth 
of the business during Mr. Gates' connection with 
the establishment is shown in what follows. In 
1858 only twenty braiders were employed, while in 
1868 nine hundred were in running order. In 
1858 one man tended five machines, while in 1868 
one girl had charge of forty. In busy times the 
plant was operated 23 1-3 out of the 24 hours: and 
toward the close of the decade between i860 and 
1870 there were used annually 75 tons of cotton and 
500 tons of wire, making about 75,000,000 yards of 
braid. For a period during the Civil war the profits 
of the business netted something like $50,000 per 

Since his retirement from the manufacturing 
business Mr. Gates has given much of his time to 
his private affairs, and has been occupied largely in 
public life. His public service has been of a most 
valuable order to the town of Derby and county of 
New Haven, and his integrity and efficiency have 
been productive of telling results. He was select- 
man of the town from 1881 to 1887, the last four 
years of that period serving as town agent, and dur- 
ing his administration the board of wdiich he was 
president reduced the public debt from nearly $100,- 
000 to, in round numbers, 842,000. His careful 
handling of the finances of the town won him the 
friendship and support of the leading citizens, 
without regard to party lines. When waited upon 
by his friends who urged him to become a candi- 
date for office of sheriff of New Haven county, he 
was given an idea of his popularity. This, how- 
ever, was more significantl}- demonstrated at the sirb- 
sequent coimty election in 1883, when elected to that 
office by a large majority, overturning the district 
previously largely Democratic — a feat unprece- 
dented in the county's history. He brought to this 
important office the same energy and ability that 
had characterized his successful career as a manu- 
facturer and town official, and his efficient and con- 
scientiotis work were sustained by a re-election with 
a more flattering vote. So great was his popularity 
at the near close of his first term in 1886. when the 
County Republican Convention assembled in New 
Haven, that he was enthusiastically and unanimous- 
Iv renominated. On this event one of the New 
Haven papers said : 

"The action of the convention to nominate a 



sheriff was just what it was expected to be and what 
it ought to have been. Sheriff Gates has performed 
the duties of his office in such a way as to win the 
admiration and respect of all who have watched his 
course. He has been firm, dignified, prompt and 
courteous. Even his political opponents have noth- 
ing to say against him, for the very good reason that 
he has done his work so well that nothing can fairly 
be said. He deser\'es a re-election, and the indica- 
tions are that he will get it." 

Mr. Gates has been one of Derby's enterprising 
and public-spirited citizens, always taking an ac- 
tive interest and important part in public improve- 
ments, and for twenty years was one of the trus- 
tees of the Birmingham Burying Ground Associa- 
tion, seventeen years of which period he was presi- 
dent of it, a position he resigned along in the mid- 
dle nineties, to the regret of all concerned. His 
great interest in the cemetery and long service as 
president of the association resulted in the present 
beautiful "City of the Dead" from a rude burying 
ground once sadly neglected. He, too, should be 
credited with the most gratifying manner in which 
the finances of the association were handled dur- 
ing the long term of years of his presidency. On his 
assuming charge the association was in debt some 
$3,000; this he liquidated, and on his retirement a 
good, comfortable surplus had accrued. 

Some years after the expiration of his eight years 
of official life as sheriff of New Haven county, Mr. 
Gates was looked upon as being a most valuable man 
to lead his party in the race for Congress in the 
second district. He had been a successful business 
man, and most efficient and popular as a county 
official. His knowledge of New Haven county poli- 
tics was thorough. He had shown the power of 
attracting to himself Democratic votes. The press 
of the county was outspoken and strong in his 
praise as to his fitness for that high office, as well 
as to his availability, he being considered the strong- 
est man that the Republicans could nominate. One 
paper, referring to INIr. Gates in this connection, 
said : "A more competent man to fill the office could 
not be found. He possesses the ability and financial 
knowledge. His popularity is extensive, and his 
nomination would be received here with unbounded 
satisfaction by the Republicans and many of his 
Democratic friends." Had he consented to have 
made the race there is no doubt in the minds of his 
friends but he could have received the nomination 
and been elected. But on retiring from the office 
of sheriff he felt that he had been well rewarded 
at the hands of his party, and was disposed to keep 
out of politics thereafter. His name also at one 
time was mentioned in connection with the office of 
State Comptroller. 

Mr. Gates is a prominent Freemason, a member 
of the New Haven Commandery Knights Templar. 
He is a leading member of the Derlw Board of 
Trade, and was formerly a director of the Star 
Pin Company. From a lifelong residence and an 

active participation in public, business and social 
life. Sheriff" Gates is known as one of the most in- 
fluential and able of Derby's residents. 

On Dec. 9, 1868, Mr. Gates was married to Le- 
titia Fletcher Hegeman, of New York City, and the 
union has been blessed with children as follows : 
Frank Hegeman, Ross Fletcher, Georgia Waldron 
and Laura Hegeman. 

Mrs. Letitia Fletcher (Hegeman) Gates is a 
descendant in tlie seventh generation from Adrian 
Hegeman and wife, Katrina, a native of Holland, 
who came from Amsterdam, Holland, to New Am- 
sterdam in 1650 or 1(351, and a few years later lo- 
cated at Flatbush, Kings county, N. Y. Mr. Hege- 
man was prominent in public aff'airs, and served as 

From this emigrant settler Adrian Hegeman, 
^Irs. Gates' line is through Abraham, Adrian (2), 
Adrian (3), Peter Adrian and Peter Adrian (2J. 
Adrian (2). 

(H) Abraham Hegeman, son of Adrian the set- 
tler, married Geertray Jansze. 

(HI) Adrian Hegeman (2), son of Abraham, 
married Adriaantje, a native of Flatbush, New York. 

(IV) Adrian Hegeman (3), son of Adrian (2), 
married Sytje Strykhes. 

(V) Peter Adrian Hegeman, son of i\drian (3), 
born Sept. 11, 1758, in Flatbush, N. Y., married 
Letitia, a daughter of Nicholas Fletcher, of Eng- 
land. Mr. Hegeman died Nov. 7, 181 5. 

(VI) Peter Adrian Hegeman (2), son of Peter 
Adrian, born Sept. 25, 1796, in New York City, 
married Dec. 31, 1839, Laura Nancy Hotchkiss. born 
Oct. 4, 1818, in New Haven, daughter of John Owen 
Hotchkiss and ]\lary (Townsend) Hotchkiss, of 
New Haven, Connecticut. 

(VII) Letitia Fletcher Hegeman, daughter of 
Peter Adrian (2), married Dec. 9, 1868, in New 
York City, Robert Owen Gates, of Derby, Connecti- 

Both Mr. and Mrs. Robert Owen Gates on their 
mothers' side are of the same ancestry, which is one 
of distinction in the annals of New England, they 
being in direct line of several governors of the com- 
monwealth, as well as many of the most prominent 
and influential settlers of New England. This 
couple are descendants in the ninth generation from 
Samuel Hotchkiss, who supposedly came to New 
England from Essex, England. He was at New 
Haven in 1641, and in 1642 married Elizabeth 
Cleaverly. His death as given in the Tuttle Gene- 
alogy, occurred in 1653. From this Samuel Hotch- 
kiss Mr. and Mrs. Robert Owen Gates' line is 
through John, Joshua, Caleb, John (2), Gabriel, 
John Owen, and Ann Maria Townsend, and Laura 
Nancy Hotchkiss, respectively. 

(II) John Hotchkiss, son of Samuel the settler, 
born in 1642, married in 1672, Elizabeth, born in 
1649, daughter of Henry Peck, of New Haven. 
Mr. Hotchkiss died in 1689. 

(III) Joshua Hotchkiss, son of John, born in 


,11 J 



167 S, married Susannah, daughter of William and 
Marv (Clark) Chatterton, the latter a daughter of 
Janu's Clark, of New Haven. 

(IV) Caleb Hotchkiss, son of Joshua, born in 
irov married in 1728, Ruth, born ni 1708, daugh- 
ter of Capt. John and Sarah ( Cooper) ^lunson, a 
descendant in direct line from Capt. Thomas Mun- 
son, William Bradley, and John Cooper, of New 
Haven, and John Thompson, of East Haven. ]Mr. 
and Mrs. Hotchkiss died in 1785. 

(V) John Hotchkiss, son of Caleb, born in 1731, 
niarried in 1755, Susannah, born in 1732, daughter 
of Timothy and Jane (Harris) Jones, and a 
descendant in direct line from Deputy Governor 
William Jones and Governor Thcophilus Ea- 
ton, of New Haven. Mr. Hotchkiss was 
graduated from Yale in 1748. taught in the 
Hopkins Grammar School in Xew Haven from 
1749 to 1 75 1, and from 1752 to 1764 was engaged 
in merchandising. When the British invaded New 
Haven in 1779, Mr. Hotchkiss was one of the vol- 
unteers who went out July 5, to oppose the march 
of the enemy, and he was among the first of the 
patriots to fall. His widow survived until Mav 6, 

(VI) Gabiiel Hotchkiss, son of John, born in 
1757, married' about 1780, Hilpah Rosetta, born in 
1763, daughter of Capt. Elisha and Rosetta (Owen) 
Phelps, of Simsbury, Conn., and a descendant in 
direct line from William Phelps, Samuel Humphrey, 
Matthew Grant, Gov. Thomas Dudley, Gov. Will- 
iam Leete and Rev. John Woodbridge. Mr. Hotch- 
kiss was graduated from Yale in 1774. He died in 

(VH) John Owen Hotchkiss, son of Gabriel, 
born Nov. 28, 1781. married Oct. 17, 1805, Mary, 
born March 8, 1.788, daughter of Elias and Hul- 
dah (Shepard) Townsend, and a descendant in 
direct line from Thomas Townsend, Edward Hitch- 
cock, Matthew Moulthrop and John Thompson. 
Mr. Hotchkiss died July 6, 1870. His wife, Mary 
(Townsend) Hotchkiss, died in May, 1847. 

(Vni) Ann Maria Townsend Hotchkiss and 
Laura Nancy Hotchkiss, daughters of John Owen, 
married Robert Wilder Gates and Peter Adrian 
Hegeman, respectively. 

(IX) Robert Owen Gates, son of Ann Maria 
Townsend (Hotchkiss) Gates, and Letitia Fletcher 
(Hegeman), daughter of Laura Nancy (Hotchkiss) 
Hegeman, were married Dec. 9, 1868. 

LYMAN F. BASSETT, deceased, a leading 
agriculturist of Hamden, was a native of New 
Haven county, born in the town of North Haven, 
Feb. 27, 1827, and was a worthy representative of 
one of its honored and highly respected families. 
His father, Jared Bassett, was born upon the same 
farm in T8or, and it was also the birthplace of the 
grandfather, Eli Bassett. His great-grandfather 
Bassett died in New York during the Revolutionary 

Jared Bassett spent his entire life upon the old 
homestead in North Haven, and followed the occu- 
pation of farming with marked success. He took 
quite an active and prominent part in local politics 
and was honored with several offices, including 
those of selectman and assessor. He died in 1892, at 
the advanced age of ninety-one years. For his first 
wife he married Aliss Polly Fenn, of Plymouth, 
Conn., and to them were born five children, of whom 
our subject was the eldest; David, born in 1829, died 
in 1893 ; Eli died at the age of eighteen years ; Aaron 
is a resident of North Haven ; and Jared lives on the 
old homestead in that town. After the death of 
the mother of these children, the father married her 
sister, Miss Thankful Fenn, and for his third wife 
wedded ^Irs. Laura (Button) Foote. 

During his boyhood, Lyman F. Bassett attended 
the common schools and academy of North tlaven, 
where he acquired a good practical education. He 
assisted in the operation of the home farm until 
eighteen years of age, and then turned his attention 
to the butcher business, which he followed in North 
Haven at intervals for thirty years. He continued 
to reside upon the old homestead until 1873, when he 
removed to the farm of twelve acres in Hamden, 
upon which he last resided, having retired from the 
butcher business about 1892. This business he 
had carried on in Hamden at dififerent times as his 
health permitted. 

On Sept. 14, 1858, ]Mr. Bassett was married to 
Miss Emily J. Pierpont, of Waterbury, Conn., who 
was born Jan. 25, 1832, a daughter of Luther and 
Delia M. (Waugh) Pierpont, natives of \\'ater- 
bury and Litchfield, respectively. The father, who 
was an extensive farmer and highly esteemed man, 
died at the age of seventy-seven years. In his 
family were seven children: William H., James E., 
Chloe M., Emily C, Jane A., Henry S., and Emily 
J., all now deceased with the exception of Mrs. 
Bassett. Mr. Bassett held membership in the Con- 
gregational Church of North Haven since 1S68, as 
has also his wife, and he took an active interest in 
everything tending to advance the moral, intellectual 
or material welfare of the town or community. While 
a resident of North Haven, Air. Bassett served as 
justice of the peace for two years, and also filled the 
office of assessor in a most creditable and acceptable 
manner. He died July q, 1901, and was buried at 
North Haven. 

STILES J. TREAT, a successful and progres- 
sive farmer of the town of Orange, widely known 
and as widely respected, lives in the house in which 
he was born Sept. 2, 1835. He is a lineal descend- 
ant of Gov. Treat, of Colonial days, whose name and 
fame brightly illumine one of the pages of Con- 
necticut's history. 

Jonathan Treat, grandfather of Stiles J-. ^vas 
born in Orange, not far from the birthplace of Stiles 
J., and was a farmer. He bought his holdings early 
in the century, and his son, Jonathan (2), father of 



-Stiles J., received the land by inheritance. The 
grandfather was a deacon in the church. He mar- 
ried Susanna Gunn, of Milford, who reached the 
remarkable age of ninety, and they had three chil- 
dren: Mrs. Benjamin Clark. Jiroh and Jonathan (2). 

Jonathan Treat (2) was born in Orange, not far 
from the birthplace of our subject, and died in 1886, 
at the age of eighty-six. He was a Republican, a man 
-of public spirit, and was held in high regard. Re- 
ligiously he was a member of the Congregational 
Church. He married Mary, daughter of Hezekiah 
• Baldwin, of W'oodbridge, who had a family of nine 
-children. Seven children were born to Mr. and 
Mrs. Treat, of whom four reached maturity, and 
two are yet living, Stiles J. and his elder sister, 
Mary, who married Silas Baldwin. The mother 
•died in 1877, in her seventy-ninth year. 

Stiles J. Treat was raised upon the paternal farm, 
and after his father's death became owner of the 
ancestral estate, consisting of 136 acres. This he 
.sold in 1898 to his son-in-law, Arthur D. Clark, with 
whom he makes his home. ]vlr. Clark carries on 
_gT.neral farming, but makes a specialty of dairying. 

On Dec. 25, 1855, Mr. Treat was married to 
Miss Anna M. Fitts, of Seneca Falls, X. Y., daugh- 
tei of John Fitts, a wealthy retired farmer. She 
was the youngest of seven children born to her par- 
-ents. ]\Irs. Treat died July 9, 1888. Their mar- 
riage was blessed with two children : Fannie E. 
married Charles H. Dewell (who died ]Vlay 6, 1899), 
and has one son, Robert Treat Dewell, now attend- 
ing Storrs Agricultural College, and Alary B. be- 
•came the wife of Arthur D. Clark, son of Charles 
A. Clark, and died Xov. 12, 1900. Air. Treat is 
independent politically, and has been justice of the 
peace for eight years. He is a member of the 
Grange. In religious connection, he attends the 
Congregational Church, and is a member of the 
Society's committee. 

HERRICK PAYXE FROST (deceased), late 
of X'ew Haven, where for many years of a busy 
life he was one of the useful citizens and substantial 
business men of that city — first as a wholesale gro- 
cer, and then as a telephone projector, as well as 
manager — was descended from the Frost family, 
of Wolcott, Connecticut. 

Mr. Frost was born Jan. 16, 1835, in the town 
•of Wolcott, a son of Sylvester and Philanda ( Tut- 
tle) Frost, and was in the fourth generation from 
David Frost, of the same town. David P'rost was 
born Sept. 5, 1742. and his wife. Alary, was born 
Dec. 22, 1740. They had their home three miles 
east of Waterbury, on the Southington road, at what 
is now called East Farms. His death occurred Dec. 
15, 1812, and that of his wife, Feb. 6. 1819. when 
she was aged seventy-nine years. From this David 
Frost, Herrick P. Frost's lineage is through David 
Frost (2) and Sylvester. 

David Frost (2) was born Alarch i. 1767, and 
was married June 14, 1790, to Alary Ann, a daugh- 

ter of David Hitchcock, of Southington. Air. Frost 
settled on Southington Alountain, north of Capt. X'. 
Lewis, and became a man of infiuence and responsi- 
bility in the town. He died Alarch 18, 1850, and his 
wife, Xov. 24, 1832. Sylvester Frost, liis son, was 
the father of Herrick Frost, and was born Alay 8, 
1807. He married Philanda Tuttle, and was en- 
gaged in farminsr in Wolcott. His death occurred 
in Southington, Connecticut. 

Herrick P. Frost passed his boyhood for the 
greater part at the home of his uncle, Herrick Payne, 
and was educated at the Academy. In his seven- 
teenth year he secured a team and wagon and went 
on the road selling goods of various kinds throug'n 
a number of States, and in this manner soon be- 
came self-reliant and confident, as well as experi- 
enced and fairly successful. For a number of years 
he was engaged in this line, and in 1856 made his 
home in Xew Haven, where after several experi- 
ments in various enterprises, in 1858 he formed a 
partnership with Julius Tyler, Jr., establishing the 
wholesale grocery house of Tyler & Frost, on State 
street. This business Air. Frost prosecuted with 
great energy and varied success for nearly twenty 
years, the partnership being dissolved in 1876, at 
about the time the telephone was just coming into 
public notice. The attention of Air. Frost was turned 
to it, and after a careful examination of its merits, 
its practical character was quickly revealed to him. 
Associated with George W. Coy, an electrician and 
at one time a telegraph manager, Air. Frost and his 
partner, in January, 1877, projected the first tele- 
phone company ever formed for a general exchange 
business in X'ew Haven, under the name of the 
Xew Haven Telephone Co., and the first telephone 
exchange, it is said, that the world ever saw, was 
established. The new enterprise attracted from 
its novelty general attention, and in less than three 
months after its inauguration it had 150 subscribers, 
and within a year over 400. Air. Frost and his part- 
ner were thus instrumental in giving to Xew Haven 
the credit of leading the world in this important 
line. By 1880 capital had become interested in 
the farther development of the system, and the 
Xew Haven Telephone Co. was merged into the 
Connecticut Telephone Co., with the late Alar- 
shall Jewell, of Hartford, as president, and Hon. 
Charles L. Alitchell and Alorris F. Tyler as directors. 
This company in 1884 underwent another change, 
becoming the Southern Xew England Telephone 
Co., with a capital of one and a half million dollars. 
Through the foresight, energy and ability of Air. 
Frost, to whoin was committed the general man- 
agement of this great and growing corporation, the 
lines of the company were carried into nearly every 
town, hamlet and school district, within the terri- 
tory in which they operated, and until a very few 
years ago there was no district in the world with 
so many telephones in use, in proportion to its pop- 
ulation,' as Connecticut. The Boston Electric Light 
Co., of Boston, was projected by Air. Frost, and 


JBfcuiaiiaiMiiir li'isiifr fii>i^iiiv«m''ii1-^^-^^°^- ■■'^•'^'■''■■^- ^-^ ''if iifciifii ■ii^ifiiirt''mfii-r>i'fiiji[^i^ 



Frod A. Gilbert, of New Haven, was placed in the 
prcsidcncv of that company by Mr. Frost, and voted 
1)V him a' salary of $8,000 per year. Previous to 
this Mr. Gilbert was in the paper hanging business 
in New Haven. The New Haven Electric Light 
L'o. and the New Haven Steam Heat Co. were also 
projects of his, and he was interested in the Chesa- 
iK-akc and Potomac Telephone Co., Washington, 
I). C. ; and he was director and stockholder in thirty- 
four electric light and telephone companies. He 

[ was also one of the organizers of the opposition line 

[ of steamboats. 

'■ As a man and a citizen Mr. Frost commanded 

the esteem and respect of his fellow citizens. He had 
been connected with the city government in various 
relations — as a councilman, alderman, police com- 
missioner, as well as in other capacities. For a 
number of years he was chairman of the city board 
of finance, and in all official relations acquitted him- 

1 self with credit. 

\ Mr. Frost was married April 22, 1858, to Miss 

Olive Amelia, a daughter of Ashbel ^Ux, a highly 
respected citizen of the town of Bristol, and to this 
union were born : ( i ) Louie Herrick, who mar- 

: ried Clara Drake, a direct descendant of Sir Francis 

i Drake; (2) Helen Louise, who died when five years 
old; (3) Pauline Amelia, who married Archibald 
Ward Ives, of Boston, and is now the mother of 
two children, Paul Frost and Olive; and (4) 
Dwight S. ^L :Mr. Frost died Nov. 3, 1888, and 
was interred in Evergreen cemetery. New Haven. 
The Mix family, to which belongs Mrs. Herrick 
P. Frost, traces its authentic history back to Tim- 
othy Mix, who was born in 1725, and died Jan. 23, 
1800, his will bearing date of Jan. 14, 1800. His 
wife's christian name was Elizabeth. 

Ashbel Mix, who was born in 1760, and died 
Feb. 15, 1807, was married to Hannah Byington, a 
daughter of Lieut. Joseph and Hannah (Warren) 
Byington, who was born Nov. 10, 1773, and died 
June 27, 1836. 

Joseph Byington, the father of Mrs. Hannah 
Mix, was born in 1736, and died Aug. 25, 1798. 
Jemima Hungerford, who became his wife in 1757, 
died in 1759. His second wife, Hannah Spencer, 
whom he married in 1760. bore him the folio w- 
mg children: Isaac, bom in 1761 ; Noah, born in 
1762; Isaiah, born in 1764; Martin, born in 1767; 
and Clarissa, born in 1770. Hannah (Spencer) 
Mix died in 1771 ; and the third wife of ^Ir. Mix 
was Hannah Warren, who was born in 1752, and 
died Alay 13, 1819. To this marriage, which oc- 
curred Feb. 20, 1772, were born the following chil- 
dren : Hannah, born Nov. 10, 1773 : Meliscent, bom 
'" '775: Chloe, born in 1777; Joseph, born in 1778: 
Asahcl, born in 1780; Enos, bom in 1781 ; and 
Xewell, born in 1787. 

Joseph Byington served as a lieutenant in the 
war of the American Revolution, and his name ap- 
pears on the records from the "Lexington Alarm." 
Ashbel Mix, the father of Mrs. Herrick P. Frost, 

New Haven, Conn., was born in Bristol, Hartford 
courity, where he was known as a modern and pro- 
gressive famier, serving his town in many public 
' capacities. His wife, Olive Eliza Foote,' was a 
daughter of Truman Sherman Foote, of Woodbury, 
Conn. ;Mr. Mix died in Bristol, ^vhere his industri- 
ous and useful life was passed. 

i CULLEN BEECHER FOOTE, an enterpris- 
> ing agriculturist of New Haven county, is the 
{ owner of a fine farm in the town of Hamden, and 
I his management of the estate is marked by the 

scientific knowledge and skill which characterize 

the modern farmer. 

Mr. Foote is the only male representative of his 

family left in Hamden. There he was born Nov. 
^ 28, 1838, son of Jared Foote, a native of North 

■ Haven. His paternal grandfather. Dr. Joseph 
Foote, was also born in North Haven, and there 

i made his home throughout life. He was a grad- 
uate of Yale College, and was one of the most 

■ prominent and influential citizens of his community, 
as well as one of its most successful physicians. 

, Religiously he was an active member in the Con- 
gregational Church. He wedded :\Iiss Mary Bas- 
sett. The farm now owned and occupied by our 
subject was the ancestral home of the Bassett 

I family. 

Jared Foote, father of our subject, was born 
in North Haven in 1800. In 1821 he was gradur 

■ ated from Yale, and the day of his graduation his 
father gave him the old Bassett homestead. On 
the same day he married Miss Rebecca Beecher, 
of Kent, Conn., who was born in 1800, and thev be- 
came the parents of six children, namely: Joseph, 

I deceased ; Wilfred, a resident of New Haven ; 
Robert, deceased ; Frederick, a retired merchant 

' of Binghamton. N. Y. ; ]\Iary, who married Henry 
C. Griggs, of Waterbury, and is now deceased 
(her husband preceded her to the grave): and 

I Cullen B., our subject. Soon after his marriage 
the father located on the farm, now belonging to 
our subject, which then embraced about 300 acres, 
and there he spent the remainder of his life en- 
gaged as a farmer and dealer in live stock. He 
died in July, 1873, and his wife in October, 1877. 
Their remains rest in the North Haven cemetery. 
Both were active members of the Congregational 
Church, and were held in high esteem by all who 
knew them. He was a Whig and later a Republi- 
can, though no politician, taking only the interest 
of a public spirited citizen in political matters. 
He was a great reader, and well informed, and for 
several years conducted a private school at h;s 

Cullen B. Foote attended public school in Ham- 

i den, private school at North Haven, and the North 
Haven Academy and later took a supplementary 
course, by private instruction, in Chicago. 1-rom 
youth he had a passion for railroad service, and 
was but a bov when he commenced that work. He 

,!• r. 



took kindly to it, and liis progress was rapid. He 
was engaged in the railroad train service at ditler- 
ent times, and when but thirteen years old was 
fireman between New York and New Haven. 
Though up to this time his service had not been 
continuous, he was competent to perform duties 
much in advance of his years. At an early age he 
went to Chicago, 111., where he secured a position 
as brakeman on the Illinois Central railroad. On 
his first trip the engineer was taken severely ill, and 
our subject took his place and ran the train on time. 
He was then but seventeen. After serving as train 
baggage master he was made passenger conductor 
on the road, and continued to till that position until 
he attained his majority, when on account of ill 
health he returned home. Soon afterward he pttr- 
chased the farm, and has since devoted his energies 
to its improvement and cultivation with marked 
success. He has constructed stone drains through 
the farm, and now has one of the best improved 
and most fertile and productive places in the coun- 
ty. Until 1889 he gave his attention almost en- 
tirely to dairy farmung. He is a prominent mem- 
ber of the Hamden Grange, P. of H., and is a mem- 
ber of the county. State and national organizations 
of that order, displaying a most intelligent interest 
in everything pertaining to his calling. 

Air. Foote was married, Sept. 8, 1869, to Miss 
Nancy M. Adams, of Scotland, Conn., who has 
been a true helper to him. They are members of 
the Congregational Church at Xorth Haven, and 
for ten years he was deacon and superintendent of 
the Sunday-school, making the school one of the 
model ones of the State and nation. For many 
years he has been one of the prominent men in 
Sabbath-school work in Connecticut, taking great 
interest in the welfare of children and young peo- 
ple, and the betterment of institutions for their 
moral and intellectual development. For eighteen 
years he was a leading member of the executive 
committee of the Connecticut Sunday-School As- 
sociation, and for eight years president of the as- 
sociation. He is a life member of most of the large 
missionary societies of this country and the world. 
While his benefactions have been largely to aid 
organized philanthropic etfort, he has ever been 
quick to relieve, unostentatiously, individttal cases 
of need. He spends considerable time each 
year at his summer residence at Short Beach, 
Conn., and has taken great interest in the build- 
ing up of the Sabbath-school and moral and 
religious interests there. Politically he is a 
stanch supporter of the Republican party and 
its principles. By special request of his fel- 
low citizens he accepted the position of school' 
visitor of Hamden, and served as such with much 
acceptance from 1895 to 1899. Mr. Foote is a 
thoughtful reader, and well informed on matters 
of general interest. As a public speaker on educa- 
tional, religious or moral topics he has been in 
great demand, and has delivered addresses in every 

! town and nearly every Protestant church in Con- 
necticut. In all the relations of life he has been 
found true to every trust reposed in him, and is 
justly numbered among the valued and useful citi- 
zens 'of his community. 

WATSOX DAVIS AUGUR is a leading and 
influential citizen of North Branford, and is a 
worthy representative of one of its honored old 
families. His paternal grandfather, Joel Augur, 
was an extensive and prominent farmer of the 
town, and owned considerable land at the tirnre of 
his death. He had one brother, Capt. Reuben 
Augur, who died Jan. 13, 183 1, and a sister, Rhoda, 
who died Sept. 13, 1821, at the age of forty-four 
years. He was born in 1790, and died July 5,' 1873. 
For his first wife he married Abigail Augur, who 
was also bom in 1790, and died Dec. 8, 1824, and 
for his second wife he married Hannah A. Blake, 
a school teacher, who was Iwrn in 1789, and died 
Nov. 28, 1876. He had five children: Phoebe 
E., born in 1820, married Henry Loper, and died 
Nov. 24, 1895 ; Angeline married John Allen, of 
Wallingford ; Reuben, born Sept. 29, 1822, was 
the father of our subject ; and Cornelia, born in 
1824, married Thelus Todd, and died June i. 
1861. One son, John P., was born of the second 
marriage, and he died on the old homestead, south 
of Northford. 

Reuben Augur was born in Northford, and be- 
came an extensive and very successful farmer of 
North Branford, owning at the time of his death 
300 acres of valuable and highly productive land. 
He died May 10, 1898. He was three times mar- 
ried, his first wife being Esther E. Todd, daugh- 
ter of Willis Todd. She died Oct. 23, 1849, ^g^d 
twenty-three years, leaving one son. Elbert R., 
who died July 22, 1879, at the age of thirty-one 
years and ten months. He next married her sis- 
ter, Maria C. Todd, who died Jan. 3, 1873, at the 
age of fortv years. By this luiion there were three 
children : Robert Duane, who died Aug. 23, 1883, 
at the age of thirty-one years and nine months ; 
Ella M., wife of Ilenry M. Stevens, of Walling- 
ford, Conn. ; and Watson Davis. The father's 
third wife was Mrs. Margaret (Barnes) Hall. 

Watson Davis Augur was born in the town 
of North Branford, INIay i, 1856, and began his 
education in the district school near his boyhood 
home, but later attended Powers' Institute at 
Bernardston, Alass., and studied for three years 
under the tutorship of Prof. A. J. Sanborn, a most 
able instructor, now deceased. It was his inten- 
tion to make the practice of law his profession, 
but owing to ill health he was forced to discontinue 
his studies. At the age of twenty-two years he 
embarked in the livery business at Middletown, 
Conn., and continued there for twelve years. On 
Nov. 21, 1882, he was married to Aliss Agnes 
Gertrijde Stevens, of Northford. 

The first of the Stevens family of whom we 

■:::. ■!■,;,{ ''Ijir,-:- 

■' t ' j; -'' 



have any authentic record was Rev. Timothy 
SlL'Vcns, a native of Bristol, Wales, who came to 
llartforil, Conn., when a young man, and was the 
lir>l Congregational minister at Glastonbury, be- 
iii;,' ordamed in October, 1693. He died April 
,,,_ I7J5. His son, Joseph, born in Hartford, in 
j-(K, was the father of Elisha Stevens, who was 
Ixjrn in Glastonbury, in 1752, and married Agnes 
Kiinberly. Their son, ^^lilton Stevens, the grand- 
father of Mrs. Augur, was a native of Hartford 
county, and died in Prospect, Xew Haven coun- 
tv, when her father was quite small. He had three 
children : Henry ; Mary, wife of Timothy Fowler, 
of New Haven ; and David. 

David Stevens, ^Irs. Augur's father, was born 
in Prospect, July 14, 1823, and there married Eliza 
Pienjamin, who was born Jan. i, 1824, and died 
Sept. 8, 1865. By this union were born the fol- 
lowing children : Albert, who died at the age of 
thirty-six years; Alice, born Aug. 17, 1849, mar- 
ried Jared Bassett, of North Haven, and is now 
deceased; Elizur Seneca, born [March 3, 1851, 
married Harriet ^Nlaltby, of Northford; Henry, 
born JNIay 7, 1855, married Ella Augur, a sister 
of our subject, and lives in Wallingford ; David 
S., born April 4, 1857, is a resident of North 
Branford ; and Agnes G., born Oct. 4, 1859, is the 
wife of Mr. Augur. For his second wife the fa- 
ther married Frances Hart, of Ouinnipiac, town 
of North Haven, and to them were born two chil- 
dren : Fannie, wife of Lee Revere ; and Peter, 
both residents of [Millenbeck. \'a. When a young 
man the father moved to Ouinnipiac, where he 
engaged in the manufacture of spoons, silverware, 
etc., until 1869, when he sold his business there 
and came to Northford, town of North Branford, 
where he continued to manufacture 'silverware for 
some years. In 1883 he removed to Lancaster 
county, Va., where he purchased property and lived 
in retirement for some time. He died there March 
24, 1895, at the age of seventy-two years. 

Finding the Connecticut winters somewhat 
severe W. D. Augur purchased property in INIillen- 
beck, Va., where during the winter season he 
made his home for three years, but has since dis- 
posed of his interests there. He has a summer 
cottage on the Sound at Stony Creek, Conn. For 
four years he led a life of ease, but finding that 
steady employment provided more real enjoyment, 
he again engaged in business, owning and man- 
aging a boarding and sale stable at 5s'ew Haven 
for two years. He then returned to ]\Iiddletown, 
where he was again engaged in the livery busi- 
ness for four and one-half years. He has always 
been a lover of fast horses, has followed the cir- 
cuit for years, and like many others has not al- 
ways been successful, though his interest has been 
more for enjoyment than gain. In his own stables 
he has a fine pacer, Faustina Smith, who, in the 
fitth heat of a race, driven by her owner, paced a 
half mile in i :o4j/2 ; he also drove a two-year-old 

i that covered a half mile in i :io. On iNIay 10, 

I 1899, 'Sir. Augur returned to the old homestead in 

! North Branford, and now oversees the operation 

of his farm land, consisting of 400 acres. He also 

owns property in Wallingford, and New Haven, 

and his interest in land speculation claims much 

of his attention. J'olitically he is a Democrat, 

j though not radical in his views. He is a liberal 

' supporter of the Episcopal Church at Northford, 

taking his father's place in that respect, and his 

; wife IS a member of the Congregational Church. 

I He is a pleasant genial gentleman, who is very 

, popular with his many friends and associates. 


The Lyman family, of which the late Horatio N. 
I Lyman was a notable representative, was descend- 
I ed from Richard Lyman, a native of the County 
I of Essex, England. In August, 163 1, he left 
I England with his wife and children, in the ship 
j "Lion," sailing from Bristol for New England. 
I He located at Charlestown, where he became a free- 
j man June 11, 1635. The same year he joined a 
: party who settled Windsor, Hartford and Wethers- 
1 field. Conn., himself Deing one of the first settlers 
j of Hartford. He died an 1640, and his widow, 

Sarah, did not long survive him. 
i Lieut. John Lyman, son of Richard, the emi- 
' grant, was born in the County of Essex, England, 
: in 1623, and came to New England with his par- 
ents. In 1654 he was married to Dorcas, the 
daughter of John Plumb, of Branford, Conn., and 
settled in Northampton, Alass., where he died Aug. 
20, 1690. Lieut. Lyman was in command of the 
Northampton soldiers in the famous Falls fight 
above Deerfield, ]\Iay 18, 1676. 
j [Nloses Lyman, a son of Lieut. John Lyman, 
! was born in Northampton, Mass., Feb. 20, 1662, 

and died Feb. 25, 1701. 
i Capt. [Nloses Ljinan, son of Moses Lyman, 
I was bom Feb. 2J, 1689, married Dec. 13, 1712, 
^Vlindwell Sheldon, and died Alarch 24, 1762 ; she 
died May 23, 1780. 

Deacon Aloses Lyman, son of Capt. Moses Ly- 
man, was born Oct. 2, 1713, and was married 
}klarch 24, 1742, to Sarah Hayden ("or Highton), 
of Windsor, Conn. She was born Sept. 17, 1716. 
Air. Lyman removed to Goshen, Conn., in the 
autunm of 1739, being one of the earliest inhabi- 
tants of the place, the settlement having only been 
opened the preceding year. He died Jan. 6, 1768. 
Col. Moses L>Tnan, son of Deacon ]\Ioses Ly- 
man, was born March 20, 1743, and was married 
' to Ruth, a daughter of William Collins, of Guil- 
ford. She died June 8, 1775, and twelve years 
later Col. Lraian married the widow of Jesse 
Judd, and the daughter of Capt. Jonathan Buell, 
of .Goshen. Col. Lyman was a farmer, and oc- 
cupied through life the homestead of his father. 
In the State Alilitia he held every position from 
that of Corporal to Colonel, and during the Revo- 



lution spent much of his time in the Continental 
army. He went with the recruits from Goshen to 
join the Northern Army before the surrender of 
Burgoyne, and was in command of a detachment 
which was stationed on the extreme right on the 
night of Oct. 7, 1777, to watch the movements of 
the invading enemy. It was his privilege to be 
the first to inform Gen. Gates that the English 
camp was deserted, and for his promptness he 
was sent to Gen. Washington to convey the in- 
formation in person. The guard which had 
the custody of the gallant and unfortunate 
Major Andre was commanded by him. Col. 
Lyman was afterward prominent in civil life, 
and was elected to many important offices. A 
man of strong will and much determination, 
he was active and forceful all his life. His 
death occurred Sept. 29, 1829, his second wife 
dying in Milton Society,, Litchfield, Oct. 7, 1835. 
at the very advanced age of ninety-three years. 

Erastus Lyman, son of Col. Lyman, was born 
Nov. I, 1773, and was married Sept. 8, 1803, to 
Abigail, a daughter of Ephraim Starr, of Goshen, 
Conn. They resided through life in Goshen, where 
he was known as a man of ability and energy. 
His success in business put him among the solid 
men of the community, and his integrity and 
benevolence declared him a man of lofty character 
and noble soul. He died Dec. 20, 1854; and his 
widow Jan. 22, 1855. 

Horatio Xelson Lyman, son of Erastus, whose 
name introduces this article, was born May 2, 
1804, and was married to his first wife, Marana 
Elizabeth Chapin, of Goshen, Conn., !May 9, 1836, 
and to Mrs. Juliet North, widow of William 
North, June 4, 1850. After a residence in Goshen 
of some twenty years 'Sir. Lyman removed to 
Waterbury, Conn. Some three years were spent 
by him in Germany, and on his return he located 
at New Haven, where his home was maintained 
until his death, July 13, 1886. To his first mar- 
riage were born : (i) Jane E., July 11, 1837. 
(2) Henry Alexander, Sept. 5, 1839, a member of 
the Sons of the American Revolution. He was 
married in Westminster, London, England, Sept. 
12, 1866, to Isabella Maria, a daughter of T. K. 
Faulls, of London. He compiled the pedigree of 
the Lymans in England from the time of Edward 
III, which appears in Dr. Lyman Coleman's His- 
tory of the Lyman Family — 1872. (3) Josephine 
Maria, Oct. 2, 1841. (4) Abby died an infant. 
To the second Mrs. Lyman were born: (5) Will- 
iam Thomson, ]^Iarch 5, 1851, died Feb. 15, 1853; 
(6) George Nelson, Aug. 29, 1852, died Feb. 19, 
^853; (7) Edward Norman, Julv i, 1855, died 
Oct. 29, 1855. 

The second Mrs. Lyman was Juliet Thomson. 
a daughter of Eben Thomson, and was born in 
Goshen. Her father, who was born in the same 
town, came to New Haven, and followed the gro- 
cery business for many years. Mrs. Lyman, who 

I was born in 1821, married her first husband, Will- 

[ iam North, a lawyer of Elmira. N. Y., who died 

j after fourteen months of married life, at the age 

; of twenty-eight years. The family were all asso- 

j ciated with the United Congregational Church of 

I New Haven. 

i LUCIAN DAYTON WARNER affords in his 
' career a striking illustration of what may be achieved 
j by the hard sense, rugged determination and steadv 
I insistence of the sons of Connecticut, of which he 
I 's a worthy representative. 

I Richard Warner, his grandfather, was born in 
! Salem (now Naugatuck), Conn., in 1772, and was 
! one of a large family, the others being Obadiah. Ran- 
! som, Eri, Wakely, Walter. Philena, Carolina and 
I Roxana. Richard Warner married Polly Hicox, 
I who was born in the same town, daughter of 
! Gideon and Philena Hicox. and was four years his 
; junior. They were poor, and finding life in Con- 
; necticut by no means a bed of roses, in their com- 
I parative youth they migrated overland in a wagon 
! to Pitcher. Chenango county. N. Y., a locality then 
considered the "far West." There they settled, shar- 
\ ing bravely the toil and danger attending the estab- 
j lishment of a new home in the forest. To these 
i sturdy pioneers were born fifteen children, namely: 
I Obadiah. Sheldon, Adna. Minerva, Edward, Maria, 
I David H., Curtis, Rachel, Electa, Lucina, Calvin, 
Florilla, Elmina and Richard P. Only the youngest. 
I Richard P., now survives. With the exception of 
Calvin, who became a minister, all the eight sons 
were farmers, and five of the seven daughters mar- 
ried farmers. Elmina W. becoming the wife of 
George P. Swan, a wagon maker of Binghamton ; 
her home was at No. 149 Robinson street, that city. 
Richard P. Warner has been twice married, his 
first wife being Lucy Parks, and his second Helen 
Debell : his residence is at Candor, Tioga Co., N. 
Y. Of the other thirteen children all were married 
but Florilla, who was born July 6. 1815, and died 
July 8, 1863. Obadiah. born April 13, 1793, married 
Lucy L. Sperry. Sheldon, born Nov. 20, 1794, mar- 
ried Lucy Carter, and died Feb. 7, 1892. Adna, born 
April 9, 1796, is mentioned below. Minerva, born 
Jan. 22, 1798. was the wife of Elijah Fenton. Ed- 
ward, born Alay 14. 1799, married Sophronia Sails. 
and died Oct. 28, 1890. Maria, born Dec. 3. 1800. 
married John Hinman. David H.. born Feb. 5, 1802. 
married Almira Robbins, and died Aug. 9. 1896. 
Curtis, born July 4, 1803, married Caroline Hyde. 
Rachel, born July 4. 1805. married Orlando Pierce, 
and died April 18. 1882. Electa, born July 5, 1807. 
became the wife of John Robbins. Lucina. born 
July 5. 1809, married Nonnan Burnham, and passed 
away Jan. 20, 1887. Calvin, born in August. 1812. 
married Delia Knight. Richard Warner, the father 
of this large family, died on his farm in Pitcher. 
Chenango Co., N. Y., May 25, 1857; his faithful 
wife entered into rest nine years previous. 

Adna Warner, the father of Lucian D., was born 



in Xaiijj^atuck April 9, 1796, and had grown to early 
nKiiiliood when he accompanied his parents to Che- 
nango Co., X. v., to do his part in clearing the 
forest and plowing furrows in the virgin soil. There 
he married Lucia Carter, a school teacher of Pitcher, 
whose father, Klias Carter, was the scion of an oUl 
l'",nglish family, which settled in Lancaster, Mass., 
in the first half of the seventeenth century. Adna 
Warner was a blacksmith by trade, and a farmer 
bv occupation. He owned 400 acres of land, and 
niade a specialty of dairy farming, being largely in- 
terested in breeding tine Devonshire cattle. He was 
a man of deep and earnest convictions, in both re- 
ligion and politics — an energetic worker in the Con- 
gregational Church, and a strong abolitionist, be- 
ing first a \\ hig and later a Republican. He died 
Nov. 25, 1881, preceded to the grave by his wife, 
who passed away July 26, 1880. 

Lucian D. Warner was born in Pitcher. X. Y., 
Sept. 18, 1839. After attending the district schools 
of that town he was sent to the academy at Cincin- 
natus, Cortland county, X. Y., and at the close of 
his school days entered the general store of Jefi:'erson 
Kingman, who in addition to keeping store dis- 
charged the duties of postmaster. There young 
Warner remained for two years, in October. 1859,. 
coming to Xaugatuck, Conn., where he at once be- 
came a clerk in the general store of Thomas Lewis. 
}le evinced from the outset a natural aptitude for 
the business, to which were joined unwearying in- 
dustry and scrupulous fidelity. C)n Jan. i, 1863, he 
became an ecpial partner with 'Sir. Lewis, the rela- 
tion continuing for three years. In 1866 Air. War- 
ner was tendered and accepted the position of secre- 
tary and treasurer of the Connecticut Cutlery Co.. 
whose plant was located at Cnion City, but three 
years later he resigned this dual office to enter into 
partnership with B. B. Tuttle and J. H. Whitte- 
more, under the firm name of Tuttle & Whittemore. 
In 1871 a joint stock company was formed under 
the style of the Tuttle & Whittemore Co., which 
was the predecessor of the [Malleable Iron Co. of to- 
day. Mr. Warner was at first secretar\- and af- 
terward treasurer, later becoming president and gen- 
eral manager. On Jan. 2, 1899, he retired from ac- 
tive business, and has since had no care outside of 
the management of his estate. His home is in 
Church street, a center of culture, refinement and 
religious influence. 

Mr. Warner has been twice married. On Sept. 
14, 1864, he was united to Miss Julia AI. Lewis, a 
ilaughter of his partner, Thomas Lewis. To this 
union were born six children : Lewis C, the eldest, 
is superintendent of the Beacon Falls Rubber Co. 
NVinnifred L. is the wife of George B. Alford, of 
Torrington. Carleton S. is a foreman for the To- 
ronto Rul)l)er Shoe Co., at Port Dalhousie, Canada, 
l-rederick A., formerly a traveling salesman for the 
Malleable Iron Co., is now general manager for the 
Metal Finishing Co., of L'nion City. George D. is 
in the emplov of the Beacon F'alls Rubber Co. Lucia 


E., the youngest child, is attending school in Xor- 
walk. The mother of these died March 15, 1890. On 
Xov. 10, 1892, Mr. Warner married Miss Anna B. 
Row-e, the orphaned daughter of Dr. Rufus J. 
Rowe, of Whitehall, Xew York. 

Mr. Warner is social in his tastes and life, fond 
of friends and deservedly popular. He is a Repub- 
lican in politics, but although repeatedly requested, 
has steadily refused to become a candidate for oftice. 
He is a member of the Alasonic fraternity, belong- 
ing to Shepherd's Lodge, Xo. 78, A. F. & A. M., 
of Xaugatuck, and to Clark Commandery, K. T., 
of Waterbury. Since 1861 he has been a devout 
member of the Congregational Church, is a liberal 
contributor to its support, and earnest in advancing 
its work, having been for thirty-two years super- 
intendent of the Sunday-school. 

SAMUEL M. BLAIR, a well-known grocer at 
Xo. 32 Mott street, Ansonia, was born in Riverton,. 
town of Barkhamsted, Litchfield Co., Conn., Aug. 
17, 1838, son of Sherman C. Blair, who was born m 
Blandtord, Alass. Xathan Blair, his grandfather, 
was a native of the same place, and was a son of 
one of the first settlers of that locality. The fam- 
ily is recorded as being settled in Alassachusetts in 
the very early part of the seventeenth centur_\-, and 
the great-grandfather of Samuel AI. Blair was a 
farmer, and received his land from the Colonial 
government. He was a man of parts, and served , 
m the Continental Congress. Xathan Blair was a 
physician, and practiced medicine all his life in 
Blandford. He was a well-known man, and his 
life was a singularly honorable and useful one. He 
married Sally Tirrell, a daughter of a well-known 
tamily of that region, and to them were born thir- 
teen children, of whom only two survive, Reuben,, 
of Fair Haven ; and Alary Ann, who resides in 
Massachusetts. Xathan Blair and his wife botli 
reached an advanced age. 

Sherman C. Blair was reared in Blandford. 
where he began his business career. When some- 
what older he went to Farmington to take a posi- 
tion as treasurer of a hoe and shovel company. 
When the railroad was run through to Ansonia he 
was made agent at the depot, and was among the 
earlier railroad agents in that part of the State.. 
For a number of years after leaving the railroad 
service he was treasurer of a building and lumber 
company in Derby, Conn. For some time he was 
a bookkeeper for the Ansonia Clock Co., after leav- 
ing which position he gave up business. He ilied 
at the age of sixty-seven years. He married Lydia 
AI. Alallory, who was born in Spencertown, X'. \.. 
a daughter of Ebenezer Alallory, a lifelong farmer 
in that locality. Sherman C. and Lydia M. I'dair 
became the parents of seven children, three of 
whom are living: Samuel AI. ; John, who is man- 
ager of the Apothecaries Hall Co., at Waterbury: 
and James, now living in California, who has trav- 
eled all over the world. The mother died at the age 



of seventy years. She and her husband were de- 
vout members of the Congregational Church, in 
which he was a deacon and deeply interested in its 
welfare. He was a member of the liome Mission- 
ary Society, and an active worker in everything 
that conserved the public good. In politics he was 
a Republican, and for many years held the office of 
justice of the peace. 

Samuel AI. Blair spent the earlier years of his 
life at home, attending the public school; When 
he. was fourteen years of age he entered the store 
of Almon Smith at Ansonia, for whom he clerked 
a number of years, and he was employed two years 
at Bridgeport. Mr. Blair became sergeant of Com- 
pany F, 23d Conn. \'. I., which went from Derby, 
and received an honorable discharge after one year 
' of service. Returning to Ansonia, he entered the 
employ of T. P. Terry & Son, in the general hard- 
ware line. He was then employed by E. H. Ran- 
dall, in the grocery business, also by C. H. Smith, 
In 1884 Mr. Blair started in his present store, and 
while he has not attempted to do a large business 
he has a very satisfactory patronage. One clerk 
and his daughter are with him in the store. Mr. 
Blair has been established in business many years, 
and is one of the oldest and most respected men in 
his line in the city. All his competitors speak well 
of him, and he is much respected in the community. 
He was a charter member of the Board of Trade. 

Mr. Blair was married in 1861 to Betsy A. 
Smith, who was born in Derby, daughter of Almon 
Smith, a grocer of long-time standing in that city. 
Mrs. Blair was one of six children. To our sub- 
ject and his wife have come two children, Jennie 
S. being the only one now living. The other child 
■died in infancy. 

Mr. Blair belongs to George Washington 
Lodge, F. & A. AL, in which he has held several 
offices, and has been senior deacon for a number of 
years. He also belongs to the American Mechan- 
ics, and is a charter member of Thomas M. Red- 
shaw Post. G. A. R., in which he has filled all the 
offices and in which he is deeply interested. He 
was an aid-de-camp on the staff of Adjt. Gen. 
Goben in 1898. In politics he is a Republican. 
Mr. and ]\Irs. Blair are members of the Congrega- 
tional Church ; he was secretary of the society for 
a time, has also been treasurer, and has acted as 
librarian of the Sunday-school. 

DWIGHT ELI TODD, for many years a 
farmer and honored citizen of Bethany, passed 
awav Jan. 3, 1901, in Woodbridge, where he spent 
the last two vears of his life. He was a native of 
New Haven county, born in Bethany Sept. 11, 
1834, son of Leonard and Julia (Bradley) Todd. 
His father, who was born Nov. 8, 1800, and died 
/April 6, 1S76, was a son of Eli and Bede Todd, 
in whose family were three children, the others 
being Lovisa, wife of Amos Peck, of Hamden ; 
and Mary Ann, wife of Jesse Allen Doolittle, of 

the same town. Eli Todd was also a native of 
Bethany, and a son of Jonah Todd, who was born 
in Northford, and went to Bethany in 1783. 

Our subject was the sixth in the order of birth 
in a family of seven children, as follows : Grace, 
born April i, 1823, married Rev. F. B. Woodard, 
of Watertown, Conn., and died 'in June, 1898; 
Emily, bom June i, 1825, married Isaac Perkins, 
of Bethany, and died Aug. 3, 1880; Alargaret, born 
March 16, 1828, married Chauncey Beecher, of 
Bethany, and died March 15, 1886; Celia, born 
July 23, 1830, is the wife of Wales Dickerman, of 
Hamden; Street B., born Aug. 9, 1832, married 
Sarah Hotchkiss ; and Jasper B., born Sept. 9, 1842, 
married Minnie Aloody, and resides in the old 
'j'odd homestead in Bethany township. 

Dwight Eli Todd received a common-school 
education. Throughout his active business life he 
engaged in agricultural pursuits with marked suc- 
cess, but during his later years, owing to ill heakh, 
he discontinued all business, moving to Wood- 
bridge. Farming was his principal occupation, but 
he also engaged quite extensively in butchering, in 
company with his brother Street. He owned 200 
acres of land in Bethany, and he was one of the 
vell-to-do and substantial men, as well as one of 
the highly respected citizens, of his community. 
In his political affiliations he was a Democrat. For 
many years he was a member of the Episcopal 
Church, and gave liberally toward its support. 
Though an energetic and successful man, he was 
quiet in his habits and unassuming in his manners. 

On Dec. 24, 1877, Mr. Todd married Mrs. Cath- 
erine Emily Bishop, and they had two children : 
Leonard E., born Alay 10, 1880, who is a student 
at Yale College ; and Julia Rosette, born June 24, 
1886, who is now a student in the Boardman Train- 
ing School, New Haven. Mrs. Todd was born 
Aug. 15, 1842, and first married, June 17, 1868, 
Henry Bishop, who died ]March 24, 1876. By that 
union she also had two children, of whom Charles, 
born May 7, 1869, died in 1886. Berton F., born 
Feb. 22, 1874, is a graduate of the University of 
Pennsylvania, and is now a dentist in New Haven ; 
he married Miss Mary Smith Gold. 

The Sperry family, to which Mrs. Todd be- 
longs, is probably of English origin, and was 
founded in this country during Colonial days by 
Richard Sperry, who came from England and was 
among the first to take up land in Connecticut. 
From him have undoubtedly sprung all the Sperrys 
in New Haven county, though there are families 
in Woodbridge who can trace no connection with 
others of their name in the same town. The Dick- 
erman book says that he had ten children and sixty 
grandchildren ; also that his home and Ralph Lines' 
v.-ere the only houses between West Rock and the 
Hudson river, except a few at Derby, in 1661. 
Woodbridge was originally known as Amity, and 
was renamed in honor of Rev. Benjamin \\'ood- 
bridge, for a long time its pastor. Richard Sperry 

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was a man of considerable historical note. His 
name is frequently mentioned in connection with 
the tlij^ht and escape of the Regicides. For some 
iMue tliev found shelter in W'oodbridge (where he 
located)^ and he provided them with food and aided 
tiicin in eluding- their pursuers. He housed them 
<,n liis own land without the members of his house- 
liold learning the secret. His son, Ebenezer Sperry, 
was born in July, 1663, in W'oodbridge^ and there 
passed his entire life as a farmer and hunter. He 
married Abigail Dickerman. Following in direct 
descent came three who bore the name of Isaac, 
and of the two first very little can be learned. 

Isaac Sperry (3) married Polly (Maryj Tut- 
t!e, and from the old cemetery in Bethany we learn 
that he died Feb. 7, 1844, aged eighty-four years, 
his wife Oct. 25, 1835, aged seventy-one years. 
To them were born children as follows : Polly 
married Joel Hotchkiss and moved to Alosiertown, 
Pa. ; Dolly married Theodore Page and also located 
in Pennsylvania ; ^Nlalinda was twice married, her 
second husband being David Beecher, of Bethany, 
Conn. ; Clara was the wife of Sheldon Hotchkiss, 
of New Haven ; Lucy died unmarried, and was 
buried in the old Bethany cemetery ; Isaac located 
in Mosiertown, Pa. ; Enos was the father of Mrs. 
Todd; Lewis located near ^losiertown. Pa.; Allen 
first moved to Pennsylvania and later to Michigan, 
since which time nothing has been heard of him ; 
Chauncey lived 'in New Haven ; and Gerry made 
his home in Bethany. 

Enos Sperry, Mrs. Todd's father, was born in 
Bethany in 1801, and died in ^lay, 1880. He was 
married in his native town to Rosetta Russell, 
<iaughter of Daniel and Eunice (Ailing) Russell, natives of Bethany, and to this union came six 
children, namely: Louisa, born Aug. 5, 1826, mar- 
ried Royal Nettleton, of New Haven ; Julia, born 
in 183 1, married Charles Allen Smith, of New 
Haven; Celia died Oct. 15, 1853, at the age of 
twenty years ; Isaac served as a cavalryman in the 
war of the Rebellion, and then went West ; Ellen, 
born in 1838, lives on the old homestead in Beth- 
any; Catherine Emily, wife of our subject, com- 
pletes the family. The mother passed away Aug. 
9> 1893, aged eighty-seven years. 

ALEXANDER HALL, the oldest citizen in 
the North Farms District, town of Wallingford, 
and a retired business man of a high character 
and an unblemished career, was born in North 
Farms Aug. 24, 1824. 

Thomas Hall, the first of that name in Walling- 
ford of whom we have definite record, was born 
there and spent his life as a farmer and land owner, 
dying Aug. 27, 1741. Abigail Atwater, his wife. 
was the daughter of John Atwater, and their 
, union was blessed with the following children: 
Thomas, born March 10, 17 12, married Lydia Cur- 
tis ; Phincas, born April 12. 1715; Abigail, born 
April 12, 1719; and Joshua, born May 23, 1722. 

Joshua Hall was born on the farm where he 
spent his life engaged in its cultivation. To him 
and his wife Hannah were born the following chil- 
dren : Susannah, born Nov. 16, 1742; Aledad, 
born July 26, 1743; x-\bigail, born April 5, 1745, 
died in infancy; Gdes and Abigail (twins), born" 
Feb. 24, 1747; and Samuel, born Jan. 29, 1707. 

Giles Hall, noted in the preceding paragraph, 
grandfather to Alexander Flail, grew to manhood 
under his parents' roof, and owned a farm in the 
North Farms District, which he cultivated and on 
\ which he died. Lois Ives, his wife, also died on 
I this farm, and w^as buried in the Center Street 
I cemetery. To them were born these children : 
! Abel, born Dec. 10, 1778, died in Atwater, Ohio; 
Sarah, born Aug. 20, 1780; Giles died April 21, 
1791; Joshua; Lois, who married Andrew An- 
drews; Lucy; Hannah; and John. 

Joshua Hall, the father of Alexander Hall, was 
born in North Farms, and was reared to manhood 
on the home estate, and there he spent his entire 
life engaged in general farming, reaching the ripe 
old age of eighty years. He died on his farm, and 
was buried in Wallingford. In politics he was a 
Democrat, and in religion a man of broad and lib- 
eral views. Sophronia Gates, his wife, was born 
in North Branford, and became the mother of the 
following family : William Chauncey, born May 
5, 1805; Roderick, born Dec. 21, 1806; James AL, 
born March 3, 1809; Delight, born Jan. 24, 181 1, 
died young; Delight (2), born March 29, 1813; 
Henrietta, born Jan. 24, 1815; Lois, born Feb. 3, 
1818; Jenette, Dec. 18, 1821 ; and Alexander, Aug. 
24, 1824. Mrs. Joshua Hall died on the farm, and 
was buried in Wallingford. 

Alexander Hall had his education in the district 
school in North Farms, and worked at home until 
he reached the age of fifteen years, when he started 
out in life for himself, working for a time at farm 
labor, and peddling Yankee notions through the 
country during the winter months. He was em- 
ployed for a time in the button shop at East ]\Ieri- 
aen, and then at Hanover, near East Meriden. 
Married in 1846, he settled down to farming, and 
in 1848 he bought a tract of sixty acres, which for 
more than half a century has been his home. Here 
he has been engaged in general farming, and has 
also done a large business with the railroad in get- 
tmg out ties, spokes, etc. His landed property at present time amounts to 250 acres. • 

Mr. Hall is living a retired life, but is still re- 
markablv active, and looks after every item of his 
large business. A great loss befel him in the death 
of his only son Herbert, who died in August, 1900, 
from typhoid fever. In politics he is a Republican. 
In religious belief he is a Baptist, belonging to the 
church of that denomination in Wallingford. His 
standing among those who know him best is that 
of a good Christian man, kind to the poor anil 
needv, honest in every detail of his life, and a pub- 
lic-spirited citizen. 

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On JNIay 3, 1846, Mr. Hall and Jane A. Potter 
were married in Xorthlord. in the town ct Xorth 
Branford, Conn. Mrs. Hall was a daughter of 
Jerard H. and Hannah ( I'.artholoniew) i'otter, and 
was the mother of three children: (1 ) Mary Jane, 
■ unmarried, is a dress maker, and resides at home, 
keeping house for her father. (2} Herbert M., 
who died in August, 1900, married Emma Landers, 
and was the father of three children : Ralph, who 
was accidentally shot and killed ; Helen ; and Clar- 
ence. He was a farmer, a Republican, and a mem- 
ber of the I. O. O. F. (3) Edith L. married, Oct. 
23, 1889, William Hart, of Plainville, and is the 
mother of two children, Ethel Al. and Xaoma. 

Mrs. Jane A. Hall died Aug. 24, 1895, in W'all- 
ingford, and was buried at the Center Street ceme- 
tery. She was a member of the Baptist Ch.urch, 
and a lady of high religious spirit. Mr. and Mrs. 
Hall had lived together for nearly fifty years, and 
their wedded life was singularly beautiful and 

CHARLES W. BEARDSLEY, a leading resi- 
dent of Milford, was born in Stratford, Conn., May 
2y, 1829, and is a representative of a family that 
has been prominent since pioneer days. He traces 
his descent from William Beardsley, one of the first 
settlers of the town of Stratford, from, whom he 
takes the name of William. William Beardsley 
came from Stratford-on-Avon (the birthplace of 
WilHam Shakespeare;, England, in 1635, in the 
good ship "Planter," commanded by Capt. Travice. 
He was then only thirty years of age, but had a wife 
and three children, all of whom accompanied him 
hither. After his arrival he was made a freeman in 
Hadley, Mass., but in 1639 settled in the Connecti- 
cut town to which the family gave the name of Strat- 
ford, in honor of the English town from which they 
i had emigrated. The town of Avon, X. Y., was also 
nam.ed by descendants of William Beardsley, who 
settled there, in honor of the old river in England. 
William Beardsley was a deputy in Stratford in 
1645, and for seven years thereafter, and was a 
man of much prominence in early Colonial times. 
He died in 1660, at the age of fifty-six, leaving three 
children. The succession in the line to the subject 
of this sketch is through Joseph, the youngest son, 
the generations from Joseph being John, Andrew, 
Henry, William Henry and Charles, the last named 
being the father of Charles W. 

William Henry Beardsley, our subject's grand- 
father, was born in 1767, and died July 26, 1841, 
aged seventy-three. He married Sarah Beach, a 
native of the town of Huntington, Fairfield Co., 
Conn., and a daughter of Israel Beach (2), a de- 
scendant of John Beach, of Stratford. She died 
April 25, 1827, the mother of the following children : 
/ Wilson, born April 15, I7q6, was a farmer in Strat- 
ford and died May 18, 1865: Henry, born in 1797, 
was a tinsmith in Bridgeport, and died April 20, 
1880; Lucretia, born in 1800, married a Mr. Crofut, 

a farmer in Xorwalk, Conn. ; Charles, our subject's 
father; Stephen, born in 180.4, w^s a carpenter and 
died in Stratford; Sarah, born July 10, 1810, mar- 
ried Benjamin Califf, of liridgeport, and died at 
the age of eighty-two years and five months ; and 
^lirah died Oct. 11, 1839, aged twenty-four years. 

Charles Beardsley was born in 1806, and was 
reared in Stratford upon the old farm. He learned 
the shoemaker's trade which he followed many years 
in connection with farming. He died in 1853, at 
the age of forty-seven years. His wife, Sarah Bald- 
win, who died in 1889, was a daughter of Hezekiah 
Baldwin, of Milford, a descendant of Joseph Bald- 
win, one of the first settlers of the town. To Charles 
and Sarah (Baldwin) Beardsley were born eigl;: 
children, of whom Charles W. is the eldest. The 
following is the record of the others, all of whom 
are living and resiflents of Milford, unless therein 
stated: Abigail, born May 9, 1832, married Charles 
R. Baldwin, of Milford; Alvira, born June 4, 1834; 
Hezekiah, born .\pril 30, 1836, is an extensive coii- 
tractor and builder of Milford; George, born Jan. 
20, 1838, has charge of the cabinet work in the 
schools of Xew Haven, where he now resides ; Theo- 
dore, born Feb. 23, 1S40, is a prominent builder of 
Springfield, ]\Iass. ; Sarah ].. bom Jan. 2^, 1842, mar- 
ried Edward Clark, of ^lilford; and Frederick, born 
Oct. 22, 1843, has for twenty-two years been em- 
ployed by the X. Y. & X. H. Railway Company. 

Charles W. Beardsley was educated in the com- 
mon and select schools of his. native town, and com- 
menced learning the shoe business at the age of 
fifteen, following same for eighteen years. He 
learned his trade in Milford, having accompanied 
his parents to that town in 1844. His health par- 
tially failing by close confinement in his work, he 
engaged in the stock and produce business, import- 
ing from Alontreal, Canada, and continued success- 
fully in this business for twelve years. He has had 
some of the finest Jersey cattle that have appeared 
in America, for which he has obtained large prices. 
He then bought one of the best farms in Milford. 
and is engaged in the seed business for Peter Hen- 
derson & Co., of X'ew York City. He has been iden- 
tified with some of the most important enterprises 
of the town, and has served as a director of the Mil- 
ford Savings Bank, and of the Steam Power Manu- 
facturing Company. 

Mr. Beardsley has held an important place in 
public afifairs. He has held the offices of selectman 
for twelve years in succession, member of the board 
of education, member of the fire department for 
twenty-two years, aufl was a member of the Sec- 
ond Company, Governor's Foot Guards ( organized 
1775), under Gov. Buckingham, and he was one of 
the incorporators of the Taylor Library, of Milford. 
In 1889 he was elected a member of the House of 
Representatives of Connecticut, for two years, and 
served on the railroad committee, and was com- 
missioner of the Washington bridge. He gave a 
full historv of the old bridge, and when the bill 

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■caino before tlic House to have the structure made 
a free hridije, supi)orted by Xew Haven and Fair- 
tield counties, be made a strong argument in favor 
«if tlie free bridge system, and the bill was passed. 
Three otiier free bridges, the Birmingham. Zoar and 
lieimett. now cross the Housatonic river, making 
a well defined line between the two counties. He 
was re-elected a member of the House of Repre- 
M-ntatives for the years 1891-92, and was again a 
iiu-uiIkt of the railroad committee. Gov. Bulkeley 
appointed him shell-fish commissioner, and in 1893 
(iov. Morris reappointed him to the same office. 

On May 28, 1S50, Mr. Beardsley was united in 
marriage with Sarah Baldwin, who was born Jan. 
4, 1827, daughter of Elnathan Baldwin, of ^lil- 
ford, and their union has been blessed with three 
children: De Witt Clinton, born ^lay 18, 1852, a 
prominent contractor and builder, who married Mar- 
tha P. Avery, of Stratford, and has four children: 
Medorah H., Maud C, Stanley A. and Ida Frances ; 
Sarah Etta, born Feb. 10, 1855, married Charles 
Clark, contractor and builder, of West Flaven, and 
had two children : George W. and Elwood R. ; 
Charles Frederick, born June 16, 1866, resides at 
home, and is engaged in the seed business with his 
father. Mr. Beardsley united with the First Con- 
gregational Church of Milford in 1850. and is es- 
teemed in his native town and in the town where he 
resides and wherever known, as an honorable and 
uprierht citizen. Socially he belongs to the I. O. 
O. F., of Milford. The Beardsley family is quite 
a numerous one in Connecticut, and in all its 
branches has maintained the honorable reputation 
transmitted through succeeding generations from 
William Beardsley, the venerated ancestor. 

The first record of the Baldwin family, with 
which Mr. Beardsley is connected in the maternal 
line, is in England, A. D. 1672, but the line is some- 
what broken from then until 1515 when occurred the 
birth of Richard Baldwin in Bucks countv, England, 
and since then the descent is as follows : John, son of 
Richard, born about 1540. and his son Richard, born 
about 1580: Joseph, son of Richard, born about 1600, 
and with his two brothers Timothy and Nathaniel 
left their home in Stratford-on-Avon, and came to 
America in the ship "Planter" in 1635. Joseph 
Baldwin, who located in Milford in 1639, married 
three times, first Hannah, second, Isabel Xortham, 
widow of James Xortham, and third, Elizabeth 
Hitchcock, widow of William Warriner. of Spring- 
field. He was the father of the following children : 
Joseph. Benjamin, Hannah, Mary. Elizabeth, Mar- 
tha. Jonathan, David and Sarah. Jonathan Baldwin 
was born Feb. 15, 16.19, i" ^'e^"^' Haven, and mar- 
ried Hannah Ward, daughter of John Ward, and 
liecame the father of six children: Jonathan, John. 
Joseph, Hannah, Daniel and Joshua." Of these chil- 
^ dren, Joshua is in the direct line, and he was born 
Jan. 24, 1691, and by his marriage became the father 
of four children: Hannah, Joshua. Elizabeth and 
Sybil. Joshua Baldwin (2), our subject's great- 

grandfather, was born in Milford, Conn.. Dec. 14, 
1726, and reared the following children: Hezekiah, 
father of our subject's mother; Alary; Abigail; 
Elizabeth; Sarah; and) Elijah, born in 1789, was 
graduated from Yale University, and became a 
preacher of note, and died without children. 

Hezekiah Baldwin was born in Milford in 1775, 
and married Mary Ann Hine. His children were as 
follows : ( I ) Mary Ann married Joseph Beard, of 
Milford, and had one child, Joseph T., a fanner. 
(2) Abigail married Louis Smith, of Milford, and 
had four children. Miles, Elizabeth, Mary and Mar- 
tha. (3) Hezekiah married Harriet Stowe and had 
two children, Susan and Mary. (4) Sarah or Sally, 
our subject's mother, was the next. (5) Betsey 
married William Stowe, and had one son, Clark. 
(6) Martha married Rogers Beard, of Milford, and 
had seven children, Seymour, Miles, Alice, Eliza- 
beth, Charles, Pennington and Gideon. (7) Charles 
J. married Eunice Baldwin and had three children, 
Charles W., Henry E. and Edwin. (8) Elijah mar- 
ried Julia Wilson, and had four children, Abigail, 
Mary E., Eliott and Julia. (9) Susan C. married 
X'athan C. Tomlinson, and had six children. Susan, 
Mary, Ann, Charles. Celia and Julia. (10) Anna 
Maria married Addison Beard, of Milford, and had 
five children, George H., William, Herbert, Ann 
M. and Elliott. 

SAMUEL R. DEAN, late one of the pros- 
perous merchants of Seymour, and a popular, pub- 
lic-spirited citizen, was a native of Xew York 
State, born Feb. 13, 1832, in Caroline, Tompkins 
county, of Scottish descent. 

Samuel H. Dean, his father, set out for this 
country from the Xorth of Ireland in 1812. but the 
vessel on which he was making the voyage was 
captured by the British and conveyed to Halifax, 
X'ova Scotia. From there he succeeded in making 
his escape, and traveled afoot to Delaware county, 
X". Y., where he located. In that vicinity he mar- 
ried Jane Douglass, and by her had twelve chil- 
dren: John, Alice. John C, James A., William D.. 
Mary A., Sarah, Alaria H., Jane A., Samuel R., 
Cornelia C. and one that died in infancv. After 
the death of the mother of these children Mr. Dean 
married Marv Thomas, of Dutchess county, X. Y., 
and two children were 'born of that union. 

From the early age of ten years Samuel R. 
Dean may be said to have earned his own living. 
In 1867 he came to Seymour and embarked in mer- 
cantile business with a Mr. McEwcn, but after 
four and a half years the partnership was dis- 
solved, and in 1872 Air. Dean became a mcnilu'r 
of the firm of Wooster, Dean & Buckingham, 
doing business in the store he occupied up to the 
time of his death. The firm continued until the 
snring of 1880. after which it was Wooster & 
Dean until June. 1881. when Mr. Dean bought out 
his partner, and he carried on the business alone 
from that time. 

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In January, 1862, Samuel R. Dean was united 
in marriage with Miss Anna C. Fairchild, of Ox- 
ford, Conn., a daughter of Nathan B. and Augusta 
(Sherman) Fairchild. Five children were born to 
them: Cornelia A., deceased; William F. ; Benja- 
min T., deceased ; Robert K. ; and Clara xV. Will- 
iam F. was educated partly at Cornell College, 
where he studied two years, finishing at Lehigh 
University, Bethlehem, Pa. He visited Jamaica 
twice in the interest of the Thompson-Houston 
Electric Co., and for the past five years has been 
superintendent of the Canadian General Electric 
Co., at Montreal, Canada. Clara A. and Robert K. 
are both living at home. 

In politics 'Sir. Dean was a Republican, and in 
1886-87 represented the town of Seymour in the 
State Legislature, the first year being a member of 
the committee on Incorporations, and the second 
year of the committee of Finance. In municipal 
matters he served as chairman of the board of re- 
lief for seven years. Socially he was affiliated with 
the F. & A. AI., Alorning Star Lodge, No. 47; 
with Alt. Vernon Chapter, Xo. 35 ; with the Coun- 
cil ; and with the Xew Haven Commandery, Xo. 2, 
K. T. ; and was also a member of the I. O. R. AI., 
Nonnawank Lodge, Xo. 9. In religious faith he 
was a Baptist, but attended the Congregational 
Church. His death, which occurred Alarch 2y, 
1900, was mourned by many friends. 


DANIEL HAXD is a name that deserves to be 
forever luminous in the annals of American philan- 
thropy. His large donations to the relief of the 
suflFering and the unfortunate victims of evil con- 
ditions and inherited privations are an part a mat- 

' ter of historical record. In part they can only be 
surmised. Enough is known to warrant the in- 
clusion of this name on the roll of the great and 
permanent benefactors of the race — men who have 
acquired large fortunes, and have considered them 
a trust to be wisely administered for the welfare of 
their brothers and sisters who have lacked precious 
privileges of wealth and faith. 

Daniel Hand belonged to an old and established 
family of New England, whose many representa- 
tives in former generations have been distinguished 
alike for their ability, business energy and high 
moral character. 

• The first American ancestor of the family was 
John Hand, .who emigrated about 1635 from Kent, 
England, and located first at Lynn, but presently 
found a home at the east end of Long Island. He 
was one of the original patentees of East Hamp- 
ton, and took a leading part in the affairs of the 
small settlement. He died in 1660. Alice Stan- 
borough, his wife, was a woman of character and 
force, and two of their sons remained in East 

/ Hampton, where their descendants still reside. 
Two or three other sons removed to Xew Jersey. 
and their progeny may be found in that State and 

in Pennsylvania. A daughter married and re- 
turned to England. 

Joseph Hand about the time of his father's 
death removed to Guilford, Conn., where he mar- 
ried Jane Wright, and settled in what is now 
Aladison. This Joseph Hand took an active part 
in town affairs, and his name frequently appears in 
the old records. The Hand family was represented 
in the American Revolution, Capt. Daniel Hand 
leading a company of East Guilf orders to the as- 
sistance of General Washington and proving one 
of the able and valiant soldiers of that war. 

The maternal ancestors of Daniel Hand were 
also linked in with the affairs of the Colonists of 
those far-away days, Vincent Aleigs being a con- 
leniporary of the first John Hand. 

Daniel Hand was born July 14, 1801, in East 
Guilford, and had such 'intellectual and moral train- 
ing as might be expected for a scion of an old and 
prosperous Puritan household in Xew England,, 
which has been somewhat toned and softened by 
contact with the outer world. In 1818 he went to- 
Augusta, Ga., in charge of his uncle, Daniel Aleigs,. 
an old and prosperous merchant of that place and 
of Savannah. Here in process of time he suc- 
ceeded to his uncle's business, up to within a few 
years preceding the outbreak of the Civil war, still 
keeping up close relations with his old home irt 
Connecticut, where his sisters were married and 
settled, and where he spent nearly every summer 
during his long Southern residence. Some fifteen 
years previous to the war Air. Hand had estab- 
lished a partnership at Augusta with George W. 
Williams, a native of the South, and a man of 
much ability and high character. Shortly after 
the establishment of the partnership Air. Williams 
opened a branch of the firm's business at Charles- 
ton, S. C, and the branch soon became the princi- 
pal place of business. The Augusta business was 
put in charge of D. H. Wilcox, a junior partner, 
and Air. Hand made bis headquarters in Xew York 
temporarily, where he attended to the purchasing- 
and financial interests of the business. By this- 
! change of the firm's interests practically all of Air. 
Hand's large fortune was concentrated at Charles- 
ton, and there it was at the breaking out of hos- 

At a time when the war was about to begia 
Air. Williams urged Air. Hand to come South, not 
knowing what disasters to their business might 
occur if the two proprietors were on dift'erent sides 
of the line. Air. Hand immediately departed for 
the scene of their mutual interests, and the business- 
interests of the firm carried him to Xew Orleans, 
where the Alavor had him arrested on account of 
a telegram which charged him with being a "Lin- 
coln spv." When brought before that august per- 
sonage he found Air. Hand a very dift'erent man 
from what he had expected, and set him free on his- 
parole to report to the authorities at Richmond. 



Stopping- over night at Aug-usta, Ga., Mr. Hand 
narrowlv escaped being mobbed on account of his 
known anti-slavery sentiments. Good friends, how- 
ever, interfered, and sent him safely on his way. 
At Richmond Mr. Hand was set at hbcrty and per- 
mitted to go where he pleased within the limits of 
tlie Confederacy. He located at Asheville, X. C.. 
wliere he spent his time in reading, and waiting 
for the war to close, as he knew it must, in the de- 
struction of the Southern oligarchy. The Con- 
•federate government sought to secure Mr. Hand'.s 
extensive property, which was saved after strenuoi'.- 
efforts to confiscate it. 

At the close of the war ~Slr. Hand came North 
and left Mr. Williams to adjust accounts, allow- 
ing him unlimited control in his administration. 
Mr. Williams' final statement showed a large 
amount due ]\Ir. Hand, and for this he gave his 
note at a low rate of interest. Final payment was 
at last made, and the name of Mr. Williams is held 
by those conversant with the facts as that of aa 
honest and incorruptible a man as is known in the 
annals of American business. 

In the South ]Mr. Hand never became identified 
with its prevailing pro-slavery sentiment, and yet 
he never expressed unkind or unfriendly sentiments 
toward the Southern people. He treasured their 
good qualities and entertained the kindest feeling 
toward the communities where he dwelt. Sin- 
cerely compassionating the white people as well as 
the black, he used his great fortune to bring the 
colored people of the South up to a higher level. 
In order that he might return to the people of the 
South a substantial expression of his interest in 
their behalf, and that a portion of his fortune 
earned there might forever work for the benefit of 
the needy and suffering of that part of the country, 
Mr. Hand gave to the American ^lissionary As- 
sociation in 1888 a fund of one million dollars to 
be used for educational purposes, and to be kept 
intact as the '"Daniel Hand Educational Fund for 
Colored People." This great gift, the largest at 
that time bestowed in a single sum. was put into 
the hands of the officers of the Association, and has 
for many years been doing its noble work. By the 
will of ^Ir. Hand the fund was increased by over 

In his youth ^Ir. Hand married his cousin, 
Elizabeth Ward, daughter of Dr. Levi and ^lehita- 
ble (Hand") Ward, early settlers of Rochester, N. 
Y. ?ilrs. Hand and her children all died young, 
and for more than sixty years ]Mr. Hand lived a 
widower, and in absence of family cares and 
domestic relations, his beneficence has fallen like 
the sunshine and the dew upon many who were 
trying to help themselves and overcome unfriendly 
conditions. Mr. Hand established the Hand Acad- 
emy in Madison, and did manv other commendable 
and noteworthy deeds. Formed under the influ- 
ence of a Puritan ancestry and home surroundings, 
Mr. Hand's religious convictions were deep but 

never obtruded upon any. Fie had faith in the 
Bible, and his consecration was marked. Uniting 
with the First Presbyterian Church at Augusta, 
Ga., when twenty-eight years of age, he was always 
a ready and willing worker in the Church. For 
thirty years he was superintendent of the Sunday- 
school at Augusta, and maintained admirable or- 
der and enthusiasm, yet never reproved a boy or 
censured a teacher. He died in December, 1890. 
George E. H.\xd, a brother of Daniel Hand,, 
and one of the leading lawyers and public men of 
Alichigan, was born in East Guilford, Conn., Aug. ; 
16, 1809, and was graduated from Yale College at 
the age of twenty years. After completing his 
course at Yale he went to Detroit, Mich., where he 
became a student in the law office of William A. 
Fletcher, and on his admission to the Bar became 
a partner of that gentleman. In the law Mr. Hand 
very quickly attamed eminence. In 1835 he was 
made Judge of Probate for Wayne county, and in 
1844 Injunction Master for Eastern Michigan. In 
1846 Mr. Hand was sent to the Legislature as the 
representative from Detroit, and in that body took 
an active part 'in preparing the revised statutes of 
\ that year. He also introduced the resolution for 
; selling the public works of the State, the principal 
; ones being the Central and Southern railroads. 
i I\Ir. Hand prepared the charter for these roads, and 
, negotiated their final sale. The policy which he 
! advocated proved of great value to the State then 
struggling with the problems of an impaired cur- 
rency and profound business depression. In 1855 
I Mr. Hand was appointed United States attorney 
j for Michigan and held the office four years, 
i Founding the Young Alen's Society of Detroit, he 
! was its first president. He also organized the De- 
troit Bar Association, and for many years was its 
president. A personal and an intimate friend of 
General Cass, he w^as chairman of the Democratic . 
j State Committee in 1848, when that distinguished ' 
: citizen of ^Michigan became a candidate for Presi- j 

aent. Always devoted to his profession, he was 
j long recognized as one of its leading representatives 
j in his adopted State. The last two years of his life 
were spent in Aladison, where he died Aug. 30, 
i 1889. He was a member of the Fort Street Church 
j in Detroit, of which he was an elder, and main- 
tained a high standing as a man and a citizen 
among those at all familiar wath his life and char- 

ROBERT DOWNS, a thorough and skillful ] 
i farmer and a business man of more than ordinary j 
ability, is a worthy representative of the agricultural ' 
interest of Oxford. His fine farm, which is one of 
the most desirable of its size in the town, is pleas- 
antly located on Chestnut Hill road in the Red Oak 
school district. 

A native of this county, Mr. Downs was l)orn 

in the town of Bethany, r^Iarch 10, 1835, a son of 

, Leverett and Anna (Atwater) Downs. He was 




only a year old when his parents removed to the 
farm where he now resides, and upon that place he 
grew to manhood, assisting- his fatlier in the labors 
of the farm and pursuini^ his studies in the locai 
schools. After the death of his father, which oc- 
curred in 1859, he took charge of the farm and has 
since carried it on with marked success. He owns 
about 1 16 acres of rich and arable land under a high 
state of cultivation, and is engaged in dairy and 
general farming, and in bee culture. 

Air. Downs' labors were interrupted during the 
Civil war, as he enlisted Aug. 18, 1862, for three 
years or during the war, as a private in Co. H. 15th 
Conn. V. I. With his regiment he proceeded to 
Camp Chase, Washington, D. C, and later partici- 
pated in the battle of Fredericksburg, the siege of 
Suffolk and the battle of Kinston, X. C, where 
he was captured March 8, 1865. He was then taken 
to Richmond, \'a., where they arrived after fifteen 
days spent upon the road, and where he was held a 
prisoner for three days. At the end of that time, 
however, he was paroled and taken to Annapolis, 
Md. Returning home on a furlough, he was here 
when the war ended, but again went South, and 
was discharged at Xewbern, X. C, June 17, 1865. 
Since the war he has engaged in farming on the 
old homestead in Oxford. He is a stanch supporter 
of the Republican party and its principles, and has 
served as grand juror. In all the relations of life 
he has been found true to everv- trust reposed in 
him, and has the entire confidence and respect of his 
fellow citizens. In his church affiliations he is a 
member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, of 

HEXRY REYXOLDS, long conspicuous as a 
manufacturer and business man of Xew Haven, is 
a son of Stephen and Sybil ( \'inton) Reynolds, and 
was born in Southbridge, Alass., March 16, 1824. 
His father was a blacksmith and later a manufac- 
turer of scythes, hoes and other such articles in de- 
mand among the people with whom he lived. He 
was an honest man and reputable citizen. But he 
was not wealthy, and his son Henry Reynolds began 
his active life without capital or influential l)acking, 
equipped with such a rudimentary education as he 
was able to gain in the common schools of South- 
bridge and "\\'ilbraham, to which place his father 
moved when he was nine years old. Henry's nat- 
ural bent was for mechanics, and he set about ac- 
quiring a practical knowledge of mechanical en- 
gineering, finishing his apprenticeship with Otis 
Tuffts, a once celebrated mechanical engineer, of 

Later Mr. Reynolds was employed by Mr. TufTts 
continuouslv in one responsil)le position after an- 
other till 1848. In February of that year Mr. 
^Reynolds went to Springfield, !Mass., and connected 
himself with the American Machine Works, of 
which he was superintendent and part proprietor 
until 1861, during which period were built under his 

supervision all the engines constructed by the com- 
pany, including a large engine in the water works of 
Columbia, S. C, and another in the United States 
Branch Mint at Xew ()rlcans, La. The erection of 
these two, with many others, Mr. Reynolds per- 
sonally oversaw. The business of the company was 
largely in the South, and at the outbreak of the 
Civil war, in common with many others, it was so 
seriously crippled that a change of base was deemed 
expedient, and the manufacture of firearms was be- 

In 1861 Mr. Reynolds disposed of his interest in 
the American Machine Co., and removing to X'ew 
Haven, Conn., became interested in the Plants Man- 
ufacturing Company (a joint stock concern), and 
engaged in the manufacture for the government of 
pistols and gun parts, making a specialty of the 
Reynolds, Plants & Hotchkiss revolver, of which 
two sizes were made. The business was continued 
until Dec. 8, 1866, when the factory was burned. 
At that time the company was turning out an aver- 
age of sixty revolvers per day. 

In May, 1867, the present business of Mr. Rey- 
nolds was established by Reynolds & Bigelow, and it 
was soon sold to Reynolds & Co., a stock company, 
of which the following named gentlemen are now 
officers : Henry Reynolds, president and manager ; 
William H. Reynolds, secretary; James English, 
treasurer ; and George F. Reynolds, superintendent. 
The business was started with the design of man- 
ufacturing screws which should be standards of 
excellence, and the success of Air. Reynolds and 
his associates in carrying out their intentions is at- 
tested by the popularity which their goods have at- 
tained and t'ne steady increase of their business, 
which has obliged them to make frequent large ad- 
ditions to their facilities. Started with one screw 
machine, five horse-power engine, many are now in 
use and the factory gives employment to 150 skilled 

The premises comprise several brick buildings, 
having an aggregate floor surface of about 40,000 
square feet. The factory is equipped with the latest 
improved machinery and tools, operated by a one 
hundred and seventy-five horse-power engine. The 
products of these works comprise all kinds of set. 
cap and machine screws, machine lx)lts, bridge and 
roof bolts, coach screws, nuts and washers. The 
company also manufacture molding machines of 
metal as the Eames, Reynolds & Hammer machines. 
Though on the market only some twenty-odd years 
their machines for pressing sand molds have, in 
spite of the strong opposition shown to them l)y the 
molders, slowly but surely grown in favor witli tiie 
foundrymen, until there are to-day thousands of 
them in active use, showing in each case very fav- 
orable results, and quickly repaying the foundryman 
for his investment. The leading sewing machine 
foundries of the country are now making all their 
sewing machine beds, arms, wheels, pulleys, tread- 
lers, braces and all small castings upon these ma- 

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•chines, and they are also in g^eneral use in the larg- 
est lockshops and malleable iron foundries both East 
and West. The company for twenty or more years 
has been constantly improving the machines, their 
endeavor being to so simplify and strengtlien them 
as to render it almost impossible for them to get 
cut of order or break with any proper use. This 
end has been practically accomplished, and the ma- 
chines they now offer to the public cannot be equaled 
for strength, simplicity, compactness and easy adap- 
tation to all classes of bench molding. These ma- 
chines are made in several different styles and sizes, 
and will make any kind of casting that can be 
molded in flasks 36 inches long and 12 inches wide, 
or smaller, but are especially adapted to snap flask or 
bench molding, and show the largest gain over hand 
ramming on light work, such as is generally made 
in flasks 20x16 inches and smaller. The molds can 
be made at considerably less cost than they can be 
rammed up by hand, much smoother and more uni- 
form castings produced, and owing to the simplic- 
ity and durability of the machines they can be run 
for years amid the dirt and dust of the foundr\- with- 
out getting out of order or occasioning any outlay 
for repairs. The company also makes a draw plate 
■machine, which is on the same principle as is em- 
bodied in the Reynolds machine. This machine is 
especially adapted to globe valves, pipe fittings keys, 
parts of sewing machines, locks, etc. It is claimed 
for these machines first, that they will produce 
smoother and more even work than can be made 
with hand rammers ; second, a smaller percentage 
■of poor castings : third, a much larger number of 
molds per day ; fourth, a saving of from 25 to 50 
per cent, in cost of molding, according to pattern ; 
fifth, considering size, strength, durability, capacity 
and adaption to all kinds of work, they are the 
<:heapest machine made : sixth, thev do not require 
experienced molders to run them : seventh, they 
will soon repay any foundryman for his invest- 
ment, if properly handled. 

The great success of the enterprise mentioned in 
the foregoing is attributed no less to the practical 
mechanical skill of Mr. Reynolds, than to the able 
business management of himself and associates. It 
is trtie of him (and of many manufacturers it can- 
not be said), that he is personally able to do quickly 
and skillfully any work required of any machine in 
his employ, but he learned his trade when men ac- 
quired the whole, and did not content themselves 
with learning portions of it. It is a distinction 
which he enjoys, that he was the first in the United 
States to make steel and iron set and cap screws 
for the trade ; and the first pianoagraffe screws in 
America were made by him. 

Mr. Reynolds was married to Martha A. Shearer. 
of Massachusetts. Jan. 10, 1847. She died March 
, 26, 1850. Sometime later Mr. Revnolds married 
Xancy H. Wheeler, of Springfield. He has 
two sons, William Henry, born in 1853: and George 
Francis, born in 1856. Politically ]\Ir. Reynolds 

i is a Democrat, and has been one from his youth. 

! While adhering firmly to the principles of that party 

: in all questions of national import, he is liberal in 

I his views, and in municipal affairs is in favor of the 

1 election of the man who bids fair to be the best 

ofificer. He has been for many years a member of 

i St. Thomas Episcopal Church, upon the services of 

' which he and his family are attendants. 

j Mr. Reynolds has long been prominent as a 

i Mason, having attained the 32d degree. He is a 

i member of Hiram Lodge, Xo. i ; Franklin Chapter, 

I Xo. 2: Harmony Council, Xo. 8; and Xew Haven 

! Commandery, Xo. 2; also E. G. Storer Lodge of 

I Perfection ; Elm City Council, Princes of Jerusalem ; 

! Xew Haven Chapter Rose Croix A. A. S. R. ; La- 

; fayette Consistory, S. P. R. S. Since taking up his 

1 residence in Xew Haven he has never consented to 

! accept any position of public trust, but while living 

in Springfield he served his fellow citizens as al- 

I dermau and councilman, and in other capacities. 

i He is ptiblic spirited, and has always done his full 

i share in the upbuilding of the best interests of the 

I community. He is a conspicuous example of Xew 

Haven's self-made men. 

ford's successful business men, and a well-known 
citizen, is a native of that city, born Oct. 23, 1841. 
and is descended from one of the oldest Xew Eng- 
land families. The first known of the family under 
consideration was 

(I) John Xorton, a native of Bedfordshire, 
England, where he passed all his life. He married 
Jane Cooper, and had children: William, Alice, 
John. Robert and Richard. Of these, 

(II) Richard Xorton, born in Bedfordshire, 
England, where he passed all his days, married 
Marjory Wingate, and had children : W'illiam 
(married to ^fargaret Harrison) and Thomas. 

(III) Thomas Xorton, born in Bedfordshire, 
England, son of Richard, moved to Ockley, Countv 
of Surrev, thence in 1639 coming to America and 
settling in Guilford, Conn., where he died in 1658. 
In England he had married, his wife's name being 
Grace, and thev had children, all born in England : 
George, born in 1606, who died in 16^9 ; Thomas, 
sketch of whom follows : Ann, wife of Tohn W'ar- 
ner; Grace, wife of William Smead ; John, mar- 
ried to Hannah Stone: 'Marv. wife of Tames Rock- 
well; and Abigail, born in 1629, who died in 1704. 

(IV) Thomas Xorton. born in England in 
1626, came to Guilford with his narents. later mov- 
ing to Saybrook, and dying at Durham. Conn., in 
1712. He married. ^Tay 8, 1671, Elizabeth Mason, 
who died Jan. 31, i6cx), the mother of children as 
follows: Elizabeth, born in October. 1674. fh'ed 
April 2, 1676: Thomas, born Tune i. 1677, died 
May 22, T726: Elizabeth (2). born Dec. 2;, 1679, 
married Reuben Xeal : Toseph. born Xov. 6. 1681. 
died in 17^6: Samuel Ttwin of Tosenh) died Tulv 
13, 1749; Abigail and Ebenezer (twins), born Oct. 

I, ■ ' 

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26, 1683, both died young; John, sketch of whom 

(V) John Norton, born Oct. 8, 1686, in Dur- 
ham, Conn., passed all his life there, dying in 
1768. He and his wife Elizabeth had children: 
Jonathan, born Feb. 18, 1712, who died Oct. 27, 
i8oi ; John, sketch of whom follows; Benjamin, 
born P~eb. 12, 1719, who died in 1758; Ephraim, 
born Aug. 20, 1721; Stephen, born June 7, 1724; 
Elizabeth, born June 15, 1726, who died young; 
and Elizabeth (2), born June 21, 1728, who mar- 
ried Joseph Seward. 

(VI) Jolin Norton, born at Durham, Feb. 16, 
1715, in early manhood moved to Killingw^orth, 
Conn., where he passed the remainder of his days. 
In 1742 he married Mary Griswold, who was born 
June 2^, 1723, and died m Killingworth. We have 
the following record of their children : Mary, born 
April 13, 1743, married Cornelius Hull; Rhoda 
was born Aug. 16, 1745; Aloses, Feb. 23, 1748; 
Aaron, June 24, 1751 ; Anna, Feb. 3, 1754; Elah, 
May 8, 1757 (married Huldah Hull) ; Abel, July 
4, 1762 ; and Amos, sketch of whom follows. 

• (VH) xAmos Norton, grandfather of Julius E., 
born in the town of Killingworth in November, 
1764, removed in early manhood to East Guilford 
(now the town of ]\Iadison), where he died Dec. 
4, 1822, and he is buried in Aladison cemetery. He 
married Sylvia Field, who was born [March 11, 
1779, and died ^larch 15, 1812. Their children: 
Phebe Ann, born ^^lay 25, 1800, who died Oct. 17, 
1868; Mary, twin of Phebe Ann; Rebecca, who 
married G. S. Hill and died Oct. 21, 1828; Edward, 
sketch of whom follows ; Calvin and ^lelinda 
(twins), born June 11, 1805 (Calvin died Sept. 12, 
1876) ; Joseph and Alary Ann (twins), bom Aug. 
17, 1807 ; Joshua, born in 1809. who died in De- 
cember, 1820 ; Josiah, twin of Joshua, who died in 
1813; Grift, born March i, 1812, who died [March 
15, 1812. 

(VHI) Edward Norton, father of Julius E., 
was born at East Guilford (now ^Madison), Feb. 
26, 1803, and died in Guilford June 26, 1873. A 
butcher and cattle dealer by occupation, he became 
a man of considerable means, but lost all or most 
of his property. On June 9, 1834, he married Mrs. 
Eliza (Hotchkiss) Leete, who was born [May 27, 
1800, died March 16, 1874, and is buried in Guil- 
ford West cemetery. She was a daughter of Henry 
Hotchkiss, and widow of Simeon Leete, by whom 
she had one child. To Edward Norton and his 
wife came children as follows: [Mary E., born 
Dec. 31, 1835, married Jonathan [Morse; James .An- 
drew, born in February, 1839, died Oct. 14. 1840; 
Julius Elizur, sketch of whom follows ; and Julia 
Elizabeth (twin of Julius E.), born Oct. 2^, 1841, 
died May 8, 1844. 
, (IX) Julius Elizur Norton, whose name opens 
this sketch, received his education in the district 
schools of Guilford, and early in life, owing to his 
lather's ill health, had to contribute toward the 

support of the family. At the age of thirteen years 
he removed to Branford, where for one year he 
found employment in the iron works, at the end of 
which time he returned to Guilford and com- 
menced working in the Spencer foundry, at^ the 
time conducted by Isaac S. Spencer & Son,' the 
former father of the present proprietors. Here he 
passed over a quarter of a century, being employed 
in all the departments, during which time, through 
his industry and attention to business, he won for 
himself the confidence of his employers. In i88i 
he met with an accident which necessitated his re- 
signing his position in the works, and as a con- 
sequence he had to seek some other employment. 
In 1882 he commenced in the produce business, 
buying and sellmg on a small scale, gradually ex- 
panding his trade, and for the last twelve years he 
has shipped produce in large quantities to Preston 
Brown, of Providence, R. I., as well as to many 
Western points, etc. In course of time, in 1876, 
he took his son Robert into partnership, under the 
firm name of J. E. Norton & Son, which has since 
continued, and they have several branch meat 
markets in Guilford and elsewhere, besides dealing 
extensively in live stock. 

■ On Feb. 23, 1863, Julius E. Norton was mar- 
ried to Maria Griffing [JTill, a record of whose fam- 
ily is given farther on, and children as follows 
have come to them : ( i j Robert Henry, born Sept. 
12, 1864, was married Nov. 30, 1889, to Laura 
Noble Roberts. They have had five children — 
Arthur Julius, born Aug. 2~, 1890; Hazel [Maria, 
Sept. 19, 1892; Earl Daniel, June 8, 1895; Leslie 
Roberts, July 12, 1897; Robert Henry, June 28. 
1901. (2) Lelia Augusta, born July 15, 1866, mar- 
ried, Oct. 31, 1889, George Mason, who died Aug. 
16, 1899; she makes her home in Guilford, and has 
four children — Frank Norton, Olive [Margaret, 
George R. and Walter Harris. (3) Anna Laura, 
born Jan. 19, 1872, died April 26. 1888. (4) Harry 
Eugene, bom Alarch 20, 1878, died Aug. 22, 1893. 
(5) Clarence Edward, born Feb. 28, 1886, is "the 
largest boy of his age in Guilford." The family 
are all identified with the Congregational Church, 
and in politfcs [Mr. Norton w^as formerly a Demo- 
crat, but since 1896 has been a stanch Republican. 
The Hill family, of which [Mrs. Julius E. Nor- 
ton is a member, trace their descent from old and 
honored residents of Guilford, and the first of the 
name in New Haven county was 

(I) John Hill, who came from Northampton- 
shire, England, and in 1654 settled in Guilford, 
where he passed the rest of his Hfe, dying June 8, 
1689. He was twice married, and his first wife's 
name w^as Frances. On Sept. 23, 1673, he married 
for his second wife Catherine Chalker, born Sept. 
8, 1657, a daugliter of Alexander Chalker. Chil- 
dren born to John Hill : ( i ) John, a sketch of 
whom follows: ( 2j James, who died Nov. i. 1715; 
(3) Sarah; (4) EHzabeth ; (5) Ann, wife of James 


(II) John Hill died May 8, 1690. He married 
Thankful Stone, who was born in May, 1648, and 
died Nov. 18, 1711. Their children: (ij Mary, 
bom May 8, 1671, died Aug. 24, 1671 ; (2) John, 
sketch of whom follows; (3) Elizabeth, bom Feb. 
1, 1676, married Josiah Rossiter and died July 14, 
1739; (4) Hon. Samuel, born Feb. 21, 1678, mar- 
ried Huldah Ruggles and died }vlay 28, 1752; (5) 
Nathaniel, born in April, 1680, died Oct. 10, 1764; 
(0) James, born in April, 1682, married ]\Iay Fay 
and died ^larch 20, 171 5. 

(III) John Hill, born July 18, 1672, died in 
Guilford Feb. 10, 1740. He married Hannah 
Highland, who was born Jan. 29, 1670, and died 
iMay 19, 1752. Children: (i) John, born June 
13, 1695, married Hannah Dibble and died Sept. 
6, 1756; (2) Hannah, born ]May 3, 1699, died 
March 13, 1768; (3) Elizabeth, born Oct. i, 1705, 
married John Stone and died April 14, 1781 ; (4) 
Thomas, sketch of whom follows; (5) George, 
born April 25, 1710, married Ruth Robinson and 
died Feb. 9, 1787; (6) Benjamin, born Jan. 29, 
1712, died young; (7; Reuben, born Xov. 2, 1713, 
went to Canada; (8) Abigail, born ]\Iarch 10, 17 — , 
died Oct. 11, 1774. 

(IV) Thomas Hill, born Sept. 27, 1708, died 
in Guilford Feb. 23, 1792. On March 23, 1734, he 
married Hannah Pierson, of Bridgehampton, who 
died May 6, 1791. Children: (i) Lucy, born July 
29, 1735, died Dec. 13, 1745; (2) Hannah, born 
July 2y, iy;^7, married Nathaniel Johnson and died 
Dec. 27, 1763; (3) Elizabeth, born Sept. 9, 1739, 
died July 28, 1748; (4) Thomas, a sketch of whom 

(V) Thomas Hill, born March 20, 1743, died 
April 4, 1820. On Oct. 13, 1767, he married Eliza- 
beth Fairchild, who died Feb. 28, 1812. Children: 
(i) Reuben, born April 23, 1769, died Sept. 23, 
1775; (2) Thomas, sketch of whom follows; (3) 
William, born April 29, 1773, married Lucy Sco- 
vill and died Sept. 13, 1832; (4) Anson, born April 
13, 1775, married Polly Arnold; (5) Alary, born 
Feb. 4, 1781, married Alex. McQuillan. 

(VI) Thomas Hill, born Nov. 16, 1770, died 
Dec. 10, 1827. On Nov. 16, 1794, he married Rox- 
anna Benton, who was born Sept. 10, 1776. Chil- 
dren: (i) William, born April 4, 1796, married 
Laura Blakeslee and died Jan. 26, 1878; (2) 
George, born Alay 18, 1798, married Rebecca Nor- 
ton and died in November, 1877; (3) Thomas, 
bom Nov. 16, 1800, married Mary Morse and died 
in 1835; (4) Clarinda, born Alay i, 1803, married 
William Drugin ; (5) Ralph, born Aug. 25, 1805, 
married Dencv Ives and died Aug. 6, 1881 ; (6) 
Reuben, born' Feb. 23, 1808, died April 8, 1887; 
(7) Almira. born Oct. 7, 1810, married Alfred 
Allen; (8) Edward, born in August, 1813, married 
Laura Ann Hill; (g) Maria, born July 27, 1816, 
married William Potter; (10) Catharine, born 
Sept. II, 1819, married Moses Culver. 

(VII) Reuben Hill, known as "Captain," father 

of Mrs. Julius E. Norton, was born at Guilford 
Feb. 23, 1808, and was engaged in the fishing busi- 
ness in his native town, being owner and master 
of fishing smacks. He had the misfortune to lose 
his eyesight at sea, and was totally blind for sev-» 
enteen years before his death, which occurred I 
April 8, 1887, at his home 'in Guilford. He was a i 
lifelong Democrat, active in school and church j 
vv-ork, and, altogether, a good citizen. On Oct. 11, i 
1832, he married Laura Ann Stone, born Oct. 7,. j 
1813, a daughter of Gideon and Nancy (Tyler) i 
Stone, and granddaughter of Eter and Temperance 
(Hodge) Stone. Children: (i) Eliza Jane, born 
May 19, 1833, married Horace Fowler and died 
May 6, 1887; (2) William E., born June 26, 1835, 
died April 21, 1837; (3) William Philetus. born 
Oct. 25, 1837, married Sarah A. Potter; (4) 
Henry Green, born April 15, 1840, died Alay 14,. 
1872; (5) Maria Griffing, born Sept. 18, 1843, 
married Julius E. Norton; (6) Nancy Roxanna,. 
born March 29, 1847, <^ied March 9, 1855; (7) 
Ralph Benjamin, born Oct. 25, 1849, married Mary 
Hitchcock; (8) Ella Elizabeth, born May 23, 1852, 
died Dec. 10, i860; (9) Reuben Edward, born 
Aug. 29, 1858, married Jennie Spencer. 

HENRY HALLER, one of the older and bet- 
ter known citizens of Yalesville, in the town of 
Wallingford, and long an employe of the auger 
works at Tracy, was born in Bavaria, Aug. 12, 
1836, a son of John Haller, who was also of Bavar- 
ian birth. 

John Haller was a weaver, and spent his entire 
life in Germany, where he married Catherine Bum- 
hart. They were both members of the Lutheran 
Church. To their union were born three children : 
Alargaretia, who married George \^ollmiller. and 
was the mother of the late Mrs. Thomas Fenn, of 
Yalesville : Barbara married Christian Beck, of 
Cornwall, Conn. ; and Henry, whose name appears 
at the opening of this article. Both John Haller 
and his wife are now deceased. 

Henry Haller had a good German education, 
and when his parents died and left him alone in his 
early youth he worked at farm labor until he was 
eighteen vears old. Wishing to better his condi- 
tion, and knowing the opportunities that waited on 
honest industry in the new world, he came to the 
United States in his eighteenth year, and after an 
ocean vovaare of thirtv-six davs landed in New 
York. He walked the streets of that strange city, 
poor in ever\-thing save strength of body and mind 
and an indomitable spirit. Coming to South Brit- 
ain, Conn., he worked at the shops until 1859, when 
he came to Cornwall, where he spent two years 
working in the shops. On the outbreak of the 
Civil war he enlisted in Companv C. 5th Conn. 
V. I., Capt. Collis and Col. O. S'. Ferry. Three 
years were devoted by him to the service of his 
adopted country, and his true German courage was 
proved in the battles of Cedar Mountain, Gettys- 

•1 1 



burg-. Peach Tree Creek and others, and also in the 
terrible struggle around Atlanta. In 1864 he re- 
ceived an honorable discharge, and returning to 
Cornwall, resumed his work in the shops. Some 
years after he secured a position with the Chees- 
man Co., at Ansonia, as fireman and engineer. 
^Ir. Haller remained in Ansonia until 1876. when 
he removed to Yalesville, and was employed by the 
C. Parker Co. for some five years, and since that 
time he has worked at the auger shop of the Jen- 
nings & Griffing Co., at Tracy. 

Mr. Haller is sincerely respected by all who 
know him, and his residence in Yalesville, which 
•covers more than a quarter of a century, has been 
marked by an integrity of heart and spirit that has 
made him many friends. Mr. Haller was united 
in marriage in 1859 with ]\liss Dorothea Tiefen- 
bach, a daughter of John Tiefenbach, and a native 
of Prussia. To them were born three children : 
(i) Henry, who resides at home and is employed 
in the auger factory at Tracy. (2) Charles P.. who 
graduated from the district school and at a busi- 
ness college at Xew Haven, was assistant secretary 
of the Y. M. C. A. at Meriden, secretary for two 
years at Thompsonville, and was general secretary 
of the Y. ^l. C. A. at Stamford ; he is now a student 
.at Hahnemann Medical College at Philadelphia. 
(3) George, who is in the tea business, married 
Nettie Woodstock, and has three children, Charles 
Henry, Edwin Francis and Lawrence Wallace. 
Mr. Haller belongs to the Meriden Post, Xo. 8, 
G. A. R. ; Hancock Lodge, L O. O. P.; and to the 
K. of P., at Ansonia. With his wife he belongs to 
the Methodist Church, and in politics is a stanch 
Republican. The entire family sustain the respect 
and confidence of their fellow townsmen. 

HOMER TWITCHELL. Early records show 
the first American ancestor of the Twitchell family 
to have come to X^ew England in 1633. His bap- 
tismal name was Joseph, and his surname was 
spelled at times Tuchel. He is believed to have 
emigrated from Dorset, an English shire adjoin- 
ing Devonshire. He settled in Dorset, and land 
was assigned him in 16^5. He was the father of 
two sons, Joseph and Benjamin, from the younger 
of whom Mr. Homer Twitchell is descended. Benja- 
min removed from Dorset in 1663, and is presumed 
to have bought one hundred acres of Ranes grant. 
Be that as it may, he built his house about eighty rods 
southwest of Deathbridge, where the ancient exca- 
vation for the cellar is still plainly discernable. 
Three sons and three daughters were born to him: 
Joseph, Mary, Hannah. Benjamin. Bertha and 
Abiell. The last named is next in line of descent 
toward Homer. He is presumed to have been the 
father of Benson, who was early left an orphan and 
was reared bv his father's sister Mary, the wife of 
Joseph Rochet. On reaching manhood he anrl Mr. 
Rochet, with a cousin, became proprietors of what 
is now the site of the town of Oxford.. Benson was 

distinguished for energy, enterprise and courage, 
no less than for intelligence and probity, and was 
held in high esteem. He dealt extensively in real 
estate, and his name appears upon the town records 
of Oxford for January, 1722, as an "innholder." He 
was the father of six children, Seth, Jeremiah, Han- 
nah, Abigail, John and Joseph. Joseph, who was 
born at Oxford in 1717, married Elizabeth Thomp- 
son, of Derby ; his children were Isaac, David, Enoch 
and Worcester. Enoch passed his life in Oxford 
and became the father of Polly, Samuel and Isaac. 

Isaac Twitchell, the father of Homer Twitchell, 
was born in Oxford Feb. 2, 1777, and died Sept. i, 
1849. On Sept. 2, 1798, he married Frances Smith, 
who bore him thirteen children, all of whom, ex- 
cept Hope (who lived but twelve hours), attained 
mature years : Miles J., Clara, Bennet, Curtis, Isaac 
S., Robert, Thomas, Laura E., Charles, Clark, Fannv 
and Homer. His widow survived him until April 
2, 1865, when she, too, entered into rest, at the ripe 
old age of eighty-three. 

Homer Twitchell, the youngest child, and now 
the distinguished citizen of Xaugatuck, whose life 
forms the subject of this sketch, was born in Ox- 
ford, Aug. 19, 1826, and he and a sister are the only 
members of his father's family who remained in the 
county in which they were born. He was brought 
up on his father's fann and received a common 
school education. At the age of eighteen he began 
his apprenticeship to the cutler's trade, at Water- 
bury, and after becoming a journeyman was em- 
ployed for several years in the shops of the Union 
Knife Co. and other concerns. He was a skillful 
workman and endowed by nature with rare execu- 
tive capacity, and in time was made superintendent 
of the Connecticut. Cutlery Co., which position he 
continued to fill until 1870. In that year he began 
the manufacture of umbrella trimmings at Lnion 
City, and two years later added the making of 
safety pins to his business, and these specialties he 
still continues to manufacture. In 1879 his son was 
admitted into partnership, the style of the firm be- 
coming Homer Twitchell & Son. Besides being at 
the head of this industrial establishment. Mr. 
Twitchell is interested in various other enterprises 
of a semi-public character. He took an active part 
in founding the Xaugatuck Water Co., and was 
the corporation's first president. He was also one 
of the organizers of both the Savings and X'ational 
banks in that town, serving as president of the for- 
mer until 1889, and acting as one of the trustees 
since that date. Of the Xational Bank he is a di- 

He is sincerely attached to X'augatuck, and no 
measure looking toward the advancement of its best 
interests ever appeals in vain for his support. Flis 
natural generositv, quick sympathy, broad intellect 
and public spirit have all comljincd to render him 
one of the town's most popular and valued citizens. 
While never seeking office, nominations have been 
spontaneously tendered him. He has filled various 

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minor local offices, and has served as first select- 
man for several terms. In 1864 he was sent to the 
Lctjislature, and in 1888 was elected State senator 
from the l'"itth district, and re-elected in 1890. He 
is a Democrat in politics, and that he stands high in 
the local councils of his party is shown by the fact 
that he was chosen a delegate to the National con- 
vention that nominated Grover Cleveland for the 
presidency. His religious affiliations are with the 
Congregational Church. He has been a member of 
the Masonic fraternity since 1S45, and has been re- 
peatedly chosen master of his lodge. 

On May 21, 1855. Mr. Twitchell was married to 
Miss Lavinia ]\Iason, whose father, Abner, was a 
prominent citizen of South Coventry, Conn. Mr. 
and Mrs. Twitchell have but one son. Frank AI., 
who was born in Union City' April 7, 1856; he was 
educated at the academy in Wilbraham, Mass.. and 
on finishing his course there entered his father's 
employ. . In 1879, as has been said, he became a 
member of the firm. He is a man of prominence and 
influence in the community ; and besides serving 
on school committees was chosen to represent his 
town in the Legislature in 1894. Like his father, 
he is a Democrat in politics, and in religious belief 
a Congregationalist. He belongs to various fra- 
ternal orders, being a thirty-second degree Mason, 
a Knight of Pvthias, an Odd Fellow and a mem- 
ber of the A. 6. U. W. Mr. Frank M. Twitchell 
was married Dec. 5, 1883, to Emma, a daughter of 
A. J. Spencer, of Middletown ; she died, childless, 
Feb. 13, 1896, and on April 7, 1897, he married her 
sister, May. 

CLIFT. The name of Clift has had a place in 
the annals of Xew England from the earliest 
Colonial days. William Clift, of Marshfield, 
Mass., married, 1691, Lydia, born 1676. daughter 
of Samuel and granddaughter of William Wills, 
or Willis, who was made a freeman in Scituate, 
Mass., in 1639. It has been stated in print that 
William Clift was put ashore in the harbor of 
Scituate, Mass., when but seven years of age. 
Tradition has it, through one Pero, an old negro 
servant, who died in 1807, at eighty-one, and knew 
the first generation of the family, that "Mr. Clift 
was sent from England bv interested parties be- 
cause he was heir to a large estate which they 
would inherit in case of his death." William Clift 
died Oct. 17, 1722. FVom this ancestor descended 
in the fifth generation the late Capt. William Clift, 
of Groton, Conn., the parents of the latter being 
Capt. Nathaniel and Eunice- ( Denison) Clift, who 
were married Aug. 5, 1801. Nathaniel Clift 
passed the earlier portion of his life in trading voy- 
ages along the Atlantic and Gulf States, and rose 
to the rank of commander. He finally settled in 
Mystic I5ridge ( Stonington ), engaged to a certain 
extent in trade, and became the popular proprietor 
of a public house which was located in the vicinity 
of the "Hoxie House."' 

Capt. William Clift, son of Capt. Nathaniel, 
was born April 20, 1805, in Mystic Liridge (Ston- 
ington), Conn. He was educated in the common 
schools of the town and in the private schools of 
Sheffield and Kirby, at the borough of Stonington, 
attending the latter school two terms. He com- 
menced his active life by teaching school two years 
in his native town, then for three years he' held 
a position as clerk in the store of Gilbert Denison, 
at the head of [Mystic river. His health, owing to 
his sedentary life, was not good, and when twenty- 
three years of age he went to sea in a fishing smack 
to improve it. In three years' time he regained his 
original strength, and tnen, in company with eleven 
others, formed a joint stock company, bought the 
sloop "^lontgomery," altered her to a schooner, 
and went on a sealing voyage to the west coast of 
Patagonia. The vessel sailed from Mystic Aug. 
18, 183 1, and was the first vessel in that business 
that sailed from Mystic. Mr. Clift went out of 
port as a common sailor, yet he appears to have 
had the whole management of affairs. This enter- 
prise and voyage was successful, and Mr. Clift im- 
mediately started on a second voyage, this time as 
master in the schooner "Mary Jane." This voy- 
age, too, was a successful one, paying the owners 
a dividend of one hundred and twenty-five per cent, 
net profit in twenty months. These two voyages 
were very laborious, replete with hardships and 
vicissitudes, and Capt. Clift endured great physical 
discomfort and dangers. At one time they were on 
one rock seventy-three days and nights. On his 
■first voyage on the "]\Iary Jane," Capt. Clift was 
selected by the Foreign Missionarv Society to con- 
vey two missionaries. Revs. Armes and Cowan, to 
Terra del Fuego. Knowing their lives not to be 
worth anything in the hands of the people of that 
land, as they were cannibals, Capt. Clift prevailed 
en them to change their destination, and conveyed 
them to Patagonia. The unprecedented success of 
these voyages gave Capt. Clift great reputation as 
an able na.vigator, and he was invited to take com- 
mand of exploring expeditions untrammeled by or- 
ders, and could have accepted very high marine po- 
sitions. But his sagacity and carefulness caused 
kim to decline all these brilliant oft'ers, and, know- 
ing that his was a commercial mind, he bought the 
schooner "Hudson" and larger vessels and contin- 
ued as master during the remainder of his nineteen 
years of sfafaring life, the first five years of which 
were spent "before the mast." He never sailed for 
wages, but always for a share. His business ca- 
pacity, shrewdness and ability were rewarded by 
very handsome financial results. When he retired 
from the sea he owned a part of a number of 
vessels, and became their New York agent, spend- 
ing most of his time in that city for fifteen years, 
taking care of and managing their business. At 
the same time he was extensively engaged witli 
Nathan G. Fish and others in ship building at Mys- 
tic, and he purchased all the necessary material in 

I V. 

i; ; '-::'}r.' vf' '/'.i 

; .-1 



New York. In 1865 he retired from active busi- 
ness. Every vessel with which he had ever had 
anything to do was successful, never failing to de- 
clare a dividend. He was a man of careful system, 
and for many years no policy of insurance was car- 
ried on his vessels, and not a dollar was lost. One 
of his peremptory rules on shipboard was that 'no 
one, sailor, officer or passenger, should swear, play 
cards or drink liquor. 

On Aug. I, 1854, Capt. Clift was chosen direc- 
tor in the Mystic River Bank, and remained in the 
directory for many years (still in 1882). He was 
president of the bank from Aug. 24, 1870, until 
June 7, 1881, when, owing to failing health, he re- 
signed the position. On the organization of the 
Groton Savings Bank, July 3. 1854, Capt. Clift was 
chosen its vice-president, was elected its president 
Sept. 6, 1870, holding such office until July 27, 
1875, when he declined a re-election, but accepted 
the office of vice-president, which he continued to 
hold for years afterward (was such officer in 1882). 
He was president of the Elm Grove Cemetery As- 
sociation from April 16, 1866, to April 11, 1881. 

Capt. Clift never held any political office, al- 
though he did much as a private citizen to aid his 
party, — Whig and Republican, — espousing the 
principles of the latter on its formation in 1856. 
For the last ten and more years of his life he was 
very active in religious matters, using his money 
very liberally and freely in building up not only the 
Union Baptist Church, of which for many years he 
was an esteemed member, but for all worthy ob- 
jects. He always gave liberally to charitable so- 
cieties, educational projects and to every good ob- 
ject, being especially generous to the poor. 

On June 18, 1833, Capt. CHft was married to 
the youngest daughter of Sands Fish, of Groton. 
Two children were born to them : ^lary H., who 
was married to Edward Y. Foote; and Hannah F. 
Clift. ]\Irs. Clift died Sept. 17, 1845, and on Sept. 
16, 1846, Capt. Clift married Elizabeth, daughter 
of Rev. Daniel Burrows, of ^^liddletown. She died 
Jan. 10, 1865. Capt. Clift passed awav in October, 

Edward Y. Foote was born in New [Marlboro, 
Mass., a son of Salmon and Margaret Foote. 
Salmon Foote was bom in Colchester in 1797, and 
followed the trade of cabinet and coffin maker in 
New [Marlboro, [Mass., and Colchester, Conn. The 
latter part of his life was spent in Colchester, and 
he died in Utica, N. Y., May 31, 1882. at the age 
of eighty-four years. He was a capable and en- 
thusiastic musician, and a fine singer, and during 
the years of his residence in Xew Marlboro played 
the bass viol in church and led the first choir there 
for thirty years. His family consisted of nine chil- 

Edward Y. Foote removed from ^^larlboro and 
Springfield to Colchester, and finally to Xew York, 
where he was in business, and spent the greater 
part of his active life. The real estate field looked 

attractive to him, and he engaged in the real estate 
business. In 1870 he came to New Haven, and was 
successfully engaged in that line until his death, 
in 1881. He was highly respected for his many 
noble personal qualities, and at his death was sin- 
cerely mourned. 

[Mr. I'oote was twice married. His first wife, 
Lucy Mason, died leaving one son, Emerson, who 
was graduated from the Sheffield Scientific School, 
class of 1879, and from Yale Law School, class of 
1 88 1, and who later went to Chicago, where he 
attained a prominent position in real estate circles. 
He died there. In 1863 [Mr. Foote wedded [Miss 
[Mary H. Clift. To this union was born one son, 
William C'who attended Gen. Russell's school in 
New Haven, and later the Business College in Bos- 
ton, and finally one year at Yale Law School. He 
is a member of the Fire Department. Mrs. Foote 
if, only five generations removed from John Alden 
and Priscilla Mullen, and is an enthusiastic mem- 
ber of [Mary Clapp Wooster Chapter, D. A. R. 

was one of the leading citizens and successful agri- 
culturists of Waterbury, Conn., where he was born 
Dec. 17, 1824. 

The Nichols family is one of the oldest in Con- 
necticut. Sergeant Francis Nichols, the first of thb 
name in New England, was a native of England, 
and one of the first settlers of Stratford, Fairfield 
Co., Conn., where he located in 1639. He is sup- 
posed to have been closely related to Sir Richard 
Nichols, the first English governor of New York. 
Before coming to this country he was a member of 
the Horse Guards of London. He owned property 
in Stratford, Conn., and Southland, L. I., and spent 
his last days in the former place, where he died and 
was buried. For his second wife he married Barn- 
abas Wines, who after his death wedded John 
Elton, of Southland, L. I. By his first marriage 
Sergeant Nichols had four children : Isaac, Caleb 
and John, who were all born in England, and Mrs. 
Richard [Mills. The only child of the second union 
was Ann, wife of Christopher Young. 

Isaac Nichols, son of Francis, came with his 
parents to the New World and spent the remain- 
der of his life in Stratford, Conn., where he owned 
and operated a farm. He died in 1695, and was 
buried there. His wife, [Margaret, bore him the 
tollowing children: [Mary, who was born Feb. 2, 
1648, and married Rev. Israel Channey; Sarah, 
who was born Nov. i, 1649, married Stephen Bur- 
rett; Josiah, born Jan. 29, 1652; Isaac, [March 12, 
1654; Jonathan, Dec. 10, 1655; Ephraim, Dec. 15, 
1657: Patience, Feb. 2, 1660; Temperance, May 
17, 1662; [Margery, Nov. 30, 1663; Benjamin, Feb. 
2, 1666; and Elizabeth, who was born April 2, 
1668. and was married, July 9, 1691, to Rev. Jo- 
seph Webb. 

Isaac Nichols, Jr., a son of Isaac, was also a 
lifelone resident of Stratford, a farmer and land- 

~::i .' ) r*., I.. -,: .,-. url* }f . -.. ■> . ■■ t 



owner. There he died in 1690. He and his wife, 
Mary, had three children: Francis, born June 3, 
ihjb; Richard, Kov. 26, 1678; and Joseph, Xov. 

I, 1680. 

Joseph Nichols, son of Isaac, Jr., was horn and 
reared in Stratford, whence he removed to Long 
Island, and in 1728 came to W'aterbury, New Ha- 
ven countv, where he owned property. Here he 
died March 10, 1733, ^""^ '^^''^^ buried in W'aterbury 
cemetery. He married Elizabeth Wood, of Strat- 
ford, and they had a family of eight children : 
James, born on Long Island, June 2j, 1712; George, 
■born at the same place, July 14, 1714; Elizabeth, 
who was married, in 1740, to Ebenezer W'akelee ; 
Kichard; Joseph, born in 1724; Alaria; Isaac, who 
was born 'Slay 4, 1729, and died in the British army 
in 1776; and Benjamin, born May 14, 1731. 

Joseph Nichols, Jr., son of Joseph, was born on 
Long Island, and came with his parents to W'ater- 
bury, where he subsequently owned and operated 
a farm until called from this life Jan. 24, 1773, at 
ihe age of forty-nine years. On Sept. 6, 1750, in 
Waterbury, he married Tamar Bronson, daughter 
of Lieut. John Bronson, and to them were born two 
children : Simeon, mentioned below ; and Eunice, 
who was born Sept. 6, 1753, and married to 
Michael Bronson. The mother of these children 
died Nov. 14, 1755, ^"<^ ®" Dec. 15, 1757, the fa- 
ther married Annie W^ebster, by whom he had one 
child, Lucy, who was born Dec. 5, 1758, and who 
married Luke Adams. 

Simeon Nichols, son of Joseph, Jr., was bom 
/\pril 20, 175 1, in W'aterbury, where he spent his 
entire life as a farmer, land owner and highly re- 
spected citizen. On June 15, 1775. he married 
IMartha Hotchkiss, and to them were born ten chil- 
dren, whose names and dates of birth w^ere as fol- 
lows: Joseph, April 21, 1776, died Oct. 27, 1825, 
aged forty-nine; Tamar (wife of James Chatfield), 
Dec. 25, 1778; Humphrey, Nov. 23, 1781, died Jan. 
5, 1853, aged seventy-one; Abigail, }ilarch 2, 1784; 
Chloe, July 30, 1786; Amy, Nov. 25, 1788; Will- 
iam, August, 1791, died Alarch 5, 1817; Chauncey, 
February, 1794, died April 6, 1795, aged fourteen 
months; Simon, 1796; and Philo, June, 1798, died 
Dec. 14, 1849, aged fifty-one years. 

Humphrey Nichols, son of Simeon and father 
of our subject, made his home throughout life in 
W'aterbury, where he owned a farm, and like his 
ancestors engaged in agricultural pursuits. He 
died Jan. 5, 1853, and his remains were interred 
in the old cemetery where the Bronson Library now 
stands. He had two wives, Esther and Phebe 
Hotchkiss. Esther Hotchkiss was a native of 
\yaterbury, a daughter of Stephen Hotchkiss. and 
died Oct. 29, 1837, aged fifty years. Flumphrey 
Niciiols was the father of the following children : 
Harriet, Iwrn Feb. 3, 1810, married G. A. Hall: 
Emcline. born May 20, 181 1, married David Ter- 
rell, and died Nov. 4, 1834, aged twenty-three; 
Stephen H. was born April 25, 1813; Isaac, bom 

Sept. 2j, 1814, married Lydia Frisbee ; William, 
born Jan. 27, 1817, married Elizabeth Atwater ; 
Ann, born Feb. 8, 1819, died Alay I2, 1835; Nancy, 
born June 15, 1821, married ^'larvin Mills; Eli, 
born Sept. 15, 1822, married Jane Mann; Esther 
married Fred Holmes; David died Sept. 27, 1865, 
aged thirty-seven; and Joseph N. is our subject. 
Franklin, a son by his union with Phebe Hotchkiss, 
died Sept. 2t,, 1848, aged six years. 

Joseph N. Nichols grew to manhood in Water- 
bury, and became a prosperous farmer and land 
owner of that town. He owned the homestead 
farm at Hope vi lie and also the large Hull farm on 
lown Plot, W'aterbury, upon which he made many 
improvements. It was the Benjamin Moore tract 
of eighty acres, and has since been divided into 
lots for building purposes. He was united in mar- 
riage with Aliss Lucena Clark, of New Milford, a 
daughter of Daniel and Lucy (Hawes) Clark, and 
by this union were born seven children: (i) Dan- 
iel Humphrey, who died ]\Iarch 18, 1890, aged 
thirty-three years, first married Mary C. Gladding 
(who died Feb. 28, 1887, aged twenty-nine years), 
by whom he had two sons, Frank Bacon and Ar- 
thur W. ; Arthur was a member of St. John's Church 
choir. For his second wife he married Albertie 
Lobdell, by whom he had one child, Harry Hum- 
phrey. (2) Clark Holmes is a resident of Water- 
bury. (3) Joseph Hayden, who resides on the 
old homestead, first married Nellie Jackson, by 
whom he had two children, Louis Hayden and Carl 
Humphrey, deceased, and for his second wife mar- 
ried Alice Farmer, by whom he had one child, 
Nellie Alice. (4} Lucy Esther was educated in 
the high school of Waterbury and resides on the 
town plot near the old homestead. (5) Emily C. 
died April i, 1885, aged twenty years. (6) Anna 
L. died ]March 26, 1886, aged eighteen years, six 
months. (7) William Francis, who is connected 
with the United States mail service and resides 
in W'aterbury, married Annie O'Rourke, and they 
have had four children, Gertrude E., Charles (de- 
ceased), William and Elizabeth. Our subject died 
April 21, 1878, aged fifty-three years, his wife Sept. 
14, 1887, aged fifty-nine years, and both were laid 
to rest in Riverside cemetery. They were faithful 
members of St. John's Episcopal Church, and were 
highly respected and esteemed by all who knew 
them. In his political affiliations Mr. Nichols was 
a Democrat, and ever took a commendable interest 
in those enterprises calculated to advance the 
moral, social or material welfare of his town anfl 
county. He was a kind father, a loving husband 
and true friend. 

ANTON REUSS, who in his lifetime was one 
of the best-known and most highly-respected Ger- 
man citizens of Meriden, was born in Bomberg, 
Bavaria, Germany, :\Iarch 20, 1825. While he was 
in his infancy his father died, and this made it 
necessary for hmi to early take up the responsi- 



bilities of life. When still a bjy he learned buok- 
binchng-, but this trade, while a fairly good one, 
was not sufficiently lucrative to satisfy the ambi- 
tious youth. W'isliing- to better his condition, and 
seeing- no opening in his native land, he deter- 
mined to come to America. Accordingly he made 
preparations for the trip, and hoarding a sailing 
vessel in 1S50, made the voyage to Aew York, 
where for a tune he engaged m making pocket- 
uooks and similar goods. After a short tmie he 
came to Meriden, Conn., where in connection with 
Walter Hubbard he engaged in the manufacture of 
morocco leather cases. Later the firm branched 
cut, adding to their list of products plush and 
chamois cases. Mr. Reuss conducted the business 
for a long time on Butler street, and had as his 
• assistant Julius Knell, who later conducted a simi- 
lar business on his own account. In 1890 Mr. 
Reuss sold out to C. E. Schunack, and passed the 
remainder of his days in retirement. His death 
occurred Xov. 6, 1893, at his home on Butler 
street, and his remains were buried in the West 

Mr. Reuss was one of the first German settlers 
in Meriden, and was held in high esteem by his 
countrymen, as well as by all who knew him. In 
his religious belief he was a faithful and consist- 
ent follower of the teachings of the immortal Lu- 
ther. In politics he was a Republican, but in no 
sense an office seeker. Fraternally he was a mem- 
ber of Meridian Lodge, No. jj, A. F. & A. M. ; 
Keystone Chapter, No. 2J, R. A. M. ; and St. Elmo 
Commandery, Xo. 9, Knights Templar. He was 
also a member of the German Mutual Aid Society, 
and was a stanch supporter of German schools. 

Mr. Reuss was twice married. His first wife, 
Katharine Magdalena Alueller, was born Alarch 2, 
1826, in Germany, and passed away June 5, 1890. 
They had three children, Charles, Anton and Julius, 
all of whom died young. For his second wife Air. 
Reuss wedded, on June 8, 1892, Mrs. Catharine 
Mueller, widow of Joseph Mueller, and daughter 
of Philip and- Barbara Stephans. No children 
were born of this marriage. Mrs. Reuss resides at 
her home in Butler street. She is an active worker 
in Esther Lodge, Daughters of Rebekah, of which 
she is the only living charter member, and is a 
noble woman, highly respected for her many good 
qualities of head and heart. 

Joseph Mueller was born June 15, 1828, in 
the city of Nassau, Germany, where he grew to 
manhood. In 1854 he came to America and located 
in Meriden, where he was engaged in the burnish- 
ing business, being several years employed by the 
Meriden Britannia Co., and for several years super- 
intendent of the burnishing department of C. Rog- 
ers & Bros. His death occurred Jan. 6, 1891. In 
1857 he married Catharine Stephans, who was 
Dorn Oct. 18, 183 1, in Bomberg, Germany, and of i 
this union two children were born, Catharine and I 
Joseph, Jr. Catharine was married June 29, 1899, | 

to James B. Smith, who was born in Xew Haven 
in 1872, son of James B. and Emily ( Plumb j 
bmith, the former a wholesale grocer in New Ha- 
ven, where he and his wife died. James B. Smiith 
is engaged in the banking and brokerage business 
in xXew Haven. Politically he is a Republican; 
fraternally a thirty-second-degree Mason, being a 
Knight templar, and a member of chapter and 
council : and religiously a member of the Metho- 
dist Episcopal Church. :Mrs. Smith is is a mem- 
ber of Esther Lodge, Daughters of Rebekah. In 
religious faith she clings to the church of her an- 
cestors, the Lutheran. Mr. and Airs. Smith have * 
one child, Kathryn Miller. Joseph Mueller, Jr., 
was born Aug. 8. i860, and was educated in the 
piiblic schools. For a time he was bookkeeper for 
C. Rogers & Bros., was subsequently in Ballard- 
I vale, Mass., in the employ of Craighead & Kintz,. 
j and later in Pittsburg, Pa., with the Pittsburg 
1 Lamp Co., and in Allegheny, Pa., in the manufac- 
I ture of the "1890 Varnish Removing Fluid." in 
I 1890 he returned to Aleriden to look after his 
I father's estate. He died Oct. 31, 1897, at his fa- 
I ther's late home, and his remains rest in Walnut 
j Grove cemetery. He was a member of the I. O. 
[ O. F. in Pittsburg, and like the rest of his family 
I was a member of the Lutheran Church. 
' In his political faith Joseph Alueller, Sr.. was 

I a Democrat, and a stanch supporter of his party. 
! Fraternally he belonged to Pacific Lodge. No. 87, 
! I. O. O. F., of Meriden. In his religious faith he 
was a Lutheran. In his business relations he was 
a man of highest integrity. 

JAMES HENRY FOY. Among the list of dis- 
tinguished and imperishable names of those who 
passed from life during 1900, that of James H. 
Foy brings to the people of New Haven a feeling of 
deep regret, that so wise and generous a man should 
no longer be in their midst. 

James H. Foy was born at Gardiner, Maine, and 
died at his home in New Haven, Conn., in Novem- 
ber, 1900, in his seventy-second year. The beginning 
of his business career was in Worcester, Alass., but 
he removed to Boston in 1861. There his business 
was known as D. B. Saunders & Co., manufacturers, 
of corsets. In 1871 he came to New Haven, antl 
immediately engaged in manufacturing under the 
firm name of Harmon, Baldwin & Foy, this business 
being later removed to New York. At the time of 
his death he was a member of the R. A. Tuttle Co., 
of Boston, dealers in corset materials. 

Both Mr. Foy and his wife were members of 
the Davenport Avenue Congregational Church, be- 
coming connected with it in 1872, and he was a 
member of the board of trustees, in which capacity, 
on account of his business sagacity and generous 
liberality, he was of the greatest service to the 
church. Of a retiring disposition, he always shrank 
from any prominence, but always could be found 
at the post of duty. Mr. Foy was a life member of 

i ^j);!)L\i^jiMjt',:^i>?|>*a;l<i|gjga^^ 







i.^ ii^jt"'^^'-^'^*^''.''^^;;^^;^^^^---^^' ■■ ^- ■•■;^itv^»2i.H!i:i,iA>.»...^;.-...^)t^jatjaa^^ 






the G<.K>d Will Home Association, and had been a 
contributor to the Home since the beginning of 
this charitv. In the fall prior to his death, he gave 
!>^.CK.)o to the Home to make up a deficit, and gave, 
l>v will, still another $5,000, making the James H. 
Ihiv fuiul at the Good Will Farm, $10,000. 

In 1858, at Hudson, Conn., ^Ir. Foy was married 
to Lavinia H. Jenks, a daughter of Rev. Hervey 
Icnks, the latter a native of lirookfield, ^lass., a 
iioted divine, of Welsh ancestry. The paternal fam- 
ily of ^Irs. Foy traces its ancestry to 150 B. C, 
while on the maternal side, her great-great-great- 
grandmother was a daughter of Roger Williams. 
The first marriage of Mrs. Foy was to Marvin Har- 
mon, at New Lebanon, X. Y., and George ^L Har- 
mon, of New Haven, is her son. Mr. Harmon died 
in Brookfield, Mass., in 1854. 

Mrs. Foy is a lady not only of education and cul- 
ture, but also of mechanical genius. Interested in 
her husband's business, in 1862, she invented and 
patented what is known to the trade as the ]\Iadam 
Foy Supporter, and there were eight infringements 
upon the patent, which were all prosecuted. The 
merits of the article attracted general and 
favorable notice at once and its demand and popu- 
larity have steadily increased from year to year, 
until' it now has a world-wide reputation. Being 
constructed on scientific principles, yet simple and 
practical, it answers fully the object for which it 
was intended. Improvements have been made on it 
from time to time and it is now covered by seven 
letters of patent, of the United States, and is manu- 
factured by C. X. Chadwick & Co., of Brooklyn, 
Xew York. 

Since 1884, Mr. Foy had been a director of the 
Xew Haven County Bank, by whom the following 
resolutions were adopted at the time of his death : 

"The directors of the Xew- Haven County Xa- 
tional Bank, assembled this day, learn with deep 
regret of the death of their highly esteemed asso- 
ciate and fellow member. Mr. James H. Foy, and 
in expression of their sorrow, be it 

"Resolved, That while we bow- to the will of 
a Divine Providence, we sincerely deplore the de- 
parture of one. who for many years has been asso- 
ciated with us in the management of the affairs of 
this bank. 

"Resolved, That by his removal we have sus- 
tained the loss of a conscientious and upright citi- 
zen, an able adviser and one whose superior quali- 
ties of heart and mind have endeared him to all. 

"Resolved, That our attested copy of these reso- 
lutions, with our deepest sympathy, be sent to the 
bereaved family, that they be published, and that a 
copy be spread upon the records of this bank. Xew 
Haven, Xov. 15, 1900. Attested, H. G. Redfield, 

HEXRY A. WARXER. capitalist and real es- 
tate dealer, whose business career from boyhooci has 
been passed in Xew Haven, where he is widely and 


favorably known as one among the city's leading 
business men and substantial citizens, has descended 
from one of Connecticut's earliest families. 

John Warner, the first of the line on this side 
the Atlantic, at the age of twenty years came from 
England with the party who sailed in the ship "Tn- 
crease" in 1635. Pie became one of the original pro- 
prietors of Flartford in 1639. In 1637 he performed 
service in the Pequot war. In 1649 he married (sec- 
ond) Ann, daughter of Thomas Xorton, of Guilford. 
Mr. Warner became an original proprietor and 
settler of the town of Farmington, Conn. He united 
with the church there in 1057, and was made a 
freeman in 1664. In 1673 he went to view Alatta- 
tuck (Waterbury), to ascertain if it was a desirable 
place to settle, and was a patentee of that place in 
1674. It was his intention to remove thither, but 
he died in 1679, leaving a widow, Margaret. 

John W'^arner, a descendant of the John War- 
ner mentioned in the foregoing paragraph, was a 
captain in the Connecticut State Guards, and served 
in Gen. Waterbury's State Brigade, assisting in 
the defense of the sea coast in 1781. The long hill 
between Plymouth and the township, now knowm as 
Thomaston, was for many years called Warner Hill 
in his honor. From him our subject is descended 
through John W^arner, Jr., Abijah Warner and 
Gaius Fenn Warner. Abijah W^arner married 
Betsy Fenn, a sister of Elam Fenn, who lived and 
died at the place now occupied by his son Jason 

Gaius Fenn Warner was born in 181 1, in that 
part of the town of Plymouth known as Town Hill, 
in Litchfield county, and was the youngest of three 
children. He was but six years old when his father 
died, and until his marriage remained at home with 
his mother. At the age of twenty-one he wedded 
Harriet Jackson, of Bethlehem, that coimty, and the 
young couple settled in their own home on the same 
road as his mother's, a little to the south. For about 
three years Mr. Warner worked the farm, a small 
one, and then moved to W^aterville to take charge of 
a large boarding house for the employes of a button 
factory there, continuing thus two years. His two 
daughters, Helen and Harriet, were born during his 
residence in Plymouth, his son, Henry A., in Water- 
ville. During the two years of the boarding house 
experiment I\Ir. W'arner built for himself a com- 
modious house (near his former home), into which 
he moved, and again took up a small farm, also tak- 
ing charge of the turnpike road between W'aterbury 
and Plymouth. Evidently farming was not to his 
mind, for in 1843 he moved back to the town of 
Plymouth, locating in Terryville in the eastern part, 
where he kept a temperance hotel, a novelty at that 
time, which he maintained, however, in the face of 
all opposition, at the same time carrying on, in an 
extended ell of his house, the manufacture of um- 
brellas. But it was not until about the year 1847 
that he found his life work. In his capacity of host 
at his hotel he met a man who was in the business 




of manufacturing- malleable iron castings, and who 
so urged him to enter this work that he finally de- 
cided to return with him to Straitsville and inves- 
tigate for himself. He soon moved his family to 
that place, and so well succeeded in the new venture 
that when the buildings were burned to the ground 
he removed the works to New Haven, many of the 
principal workmen going with him. In this line he 
had the monopoly, and his was the largest concern 
of the kind in the country. JNIr. Warner passed the 
remainder of his long life in that city, active alike 
in commercial, religious and benevolent circles, and 
widely known and beloved. 

It was during Mr. Warner's residence in Terry- 
ville that the Congregational Church in that village 
was built, and he threw his superb energies and 
strength into that enterprise. He hauled much of 
the timber from the woods to the mill, and from 
there to the church lot. At "raising: dav" all the 
town turned out to help, and afterward all were 
served, as was the custom of the time, to dough- 
nuts, raised cake and cider. When he removed to 
Straitsville, at that time a very small village. Mr. 
Warner greatly deplored the fact that no regular 
church services were held there, and he very soon 
made arrangements whereby theological students 
from New Haven should preach in the small chapel 
each Sunday for the sum of ten dollars and their 
board. His house was freely opened for their ac- 
commodation, and very often the compensation also 
was largely given from his own pocket. As he grew 
in prosperity he was ever ready to respond to num- 
erous calls for benevolence, both public and private, 
which were made upon him, notably that of Home 
and Foreign Missions, growing stronger each year 
of his life. Mr. Warner was a man of few words, 
while ever friendly to those who were so fortunate 
as to possess his love and confidence, and he showed 
a true and loyal heart, to be relied upon in any ex- 
tremity. In his family he was the faithful husband, 
the kindest of fathers, and his house was ever open 
to all his friends. 

In the year i860 Mr. Warner decided to build a 
house for himself, and chose a lot of one and one- 
half acres in the center of the city, opposite Yale 
College, where he erected the substantial house now 
occupied by the Union League Club, in the rear of 
which is now the Hyperion theatre, and on the 
western side Warner Hall and the apartment build- 
ing for students, erected and managed by his son, 
Henry A. Warner. It was characteristic of him. 
when questioned quite anxiously by a member of 
the college faculty as to his venture so carefully to 
lay out this acre and more of ground, stocking it 
with fruit trees, a grapery and ornamental shrubs, 
lest he should suffer invasion by mischievous boys 
of the college, to reply: "I shall not molest them, 
and I don't think they will trouble me," and they 
never did. After moving to his new home he gave 
his best Christian efforts to the welfare of the 
College Street Church, which building joined his 

land on the eastern side, and was an earnest helper 
and exemplary member until his death, in October, 
1870. He died as he had lived, in full trust and 
faith in his Saviour and God, since when, in 1837, 
during a strong religious movement throughout the 
entire country, he and his young wife united with 
the Church in Plymouth Center. 

Henry A. Warner was born ]March 10, 1842, at 
Waterville, in the town of Waterbury, and was 
six years old when the family settled in New Haven. 
There, in the public and private schools, he received 
his education, and was prepared for a business ca- 
reer. For many years he was an iron manufacturer, 
and he has since dealt in vitrified drain and sewer 
pipe, in which line his efforts have met with de- 
served success. Returning East after the Chicago 
fire. Air. Warner stopped at Akron, Ohio, and there 
found a make of pipe which had not been introduced 
East, where imported Scotch pipe and a slip glaze 
pipe from New Jersey were in use. However, they 
were soon superseded by the Ohio pipe, which Mr. 
Warner introduced and sold throughout New 
England. For many years Air. Warner received 
royalty on all pipe made from this clay. He has 
also dealt extensively in real estate, and is the pro- 
prietor of the Warner Hall Bachelor Apartments, 
at No. 1044 Chapel street, designed to furnish select 
apartments to college students and others. 

Mr. Warner was united in marriage with Miss 
Gertrude E. Morton, daughter of Horace J. Mor- 
ton, long a prominent carriage manufacturer and 
wealthy citizen of New Haven. Air. and Airs. 
Warner's religious connections are with the Ply- 
mouth Congregational Church, of New Haven, 
which was formerly the College Street Church, of 
which he was a deacon. Air. Warner's political 
affiliations are with the Republican party, but while 
ever interested in politics and public affairs he has 
kept aloof from party warfare, and has never held 
public office. He is a member of the Union League 
Club (formerly the Republican League), Sons of 
the American Revolution, Chamber of Commerce, 
Country Club, and has served as a member of the 
Second Company, Governor's Horse Guard. 

HENRY T. WILCOX (deceased), for many 
years a leading citizen of Meriden, was born in 
Westbrook, Conn., Feb. 7, 181 1. His early educa- 
tion was obtained at the district schools of his na- 
tive town. Being the second member of a numerous 
family of children, he was obliged to seek his own 
living at an early age ; and when less than twelve 
years old was employed on the farm of his grand- 
father, Joseph Bushnell, who died in 1824. After 
that event Air. Wilcox was for a time a sailor; but 
in i82q he came to Aleriden to take a position in the 
comb factory of Julius Pratt & Co., which he held 
for several years. That same year he united with 
the Congregational Church, and as long as he lived 
was numbered among its devoted and efficient mem- 
bers. ' 



On Mav 9, 1832, ]\It. Wilcox was married to 
Elizabeth White Scovil, of Meriden, and their son, 
Henrv Scovil Wilcox, was born in Meriden, Jan. 
4. 18^5. The following year Mr. Wilcox bought 1 
piece' of land of Lewis Hotchkiss. on the Old Col- 
ony Road, and this has been the family home- 
stead to the present time. About 1845 ^^r. Wilcox 
built a small shop a short distance south of his resi- 
dence, where he manufactured cofifee mills, steel- 
yards, spring balances, door knockers and bit 
braces. This shop was destroyed by fire in 185 1, 
and a second shop on the same site was burned two 
years later; whereupon Mr. Wilcox sold his coffee 
mill business to Charles Parker, and associated him- 
self with the JMeriden Hardware Co., then estab- 
lished on the site of the present plant of M. B.- 
Schenck & Co. For a time Henry T. Wilcox was 
president of this company, and Henry S. (his son) 
the secretary and bookkeeper. They severed their 
connection with it, and in 1855 bought a grocery 
store in the building now occupied by Campbell's 
Pharmacy, where they conducted a prosperous busi- 
ness under the name of H. T. Wilcox & Co. In 
1857 they brought the business down town, and lo- 
cated it in a brick block which had been built by 
James F. G. Andrews about 1847, which was also 
occupied by the Almon Andrews flour and feed 
store. This building was consumed bv fire ]March 
9, 1864. H. T. Wilcox & Co. bought 'the land and 
ruins of the old building and erected the present 
brick block, which H. S. Wilcox sold to ]Merriam 
Post, G. A. R., in 1895. The north store of this 
block was occupied by Hart & Foot, drug and hard- 
ware merchants ; and the south store by H. T. Wil- 
cox & Co., grocers. 

Early in 1867 Hart & Foot sold their business to 
H. T. Wilcox & Co., who then had the oldest drug 
business in the town. Ten years later they sold the 
hardware business to Church & Sprague, but re- 
tained the drug store, together with paints, oils and 
manufacturers' supplies. After the death of his 
father, in 1885, Henry S. Wilcox continued in the 
same business until he was compelled to dispose of 
it on account of his own ill health, E. A. Watrous 
succeeding him March 15, 1899, in the store where 
Mr. Wilcox had carried on an unbroken business 
for thirty-two years. 

In the public affairs of the town the Wilcox men, 
both father and son, took an important part. Henry 
T. Wilcox was town treasurer from 1863 to 1874, 
and Henry S., from 1878 to 1879. Some years later 
the latter served as councilman, as assessor, and 
was a member of the board of compensation and 
the board of relief. 

While a school boy, Henry S. Wilcox used to 
work in his father's shop, making packing boxes, 
and doing various kinds of work out of school 
hours. After securing a good education at the Old 
Road district school and the West Meriden Insti- 
tute, the latter kept by Henry D. Smith and David 
N. Camp, he became his father's bookkeeper and so 

continued until the shop burned in 1851. His place 
in the business world in connection with his father 
has already been described, as has also his place in 
municipal affairs. 

Henry S. Wilcox took an active interest in fi- 
nancial aft'airs, and in 1886 was made trustee of the 
Meriden Savings Bank, becoming a director of the 
same institution the following year. Mr. Wilcox 
was quite as zealous in the church as he was in busi- 
ness. He became a member of the First Congrega- 
tional Church in 1852, and from time to time was 
entrusted with important offices, being the secretary 
and treasurer of the Sunday-school, and of the Ec- 
clesiastical Society. In 1889 he was honored with 
the office of deacon, which he filled until his decease. 
He was the last clerk of the Old Ecclesiastical So- 
ciety, and assisted in the incorporation of the 
Church, his son, Albert H. Wilcox, afterward 
becoming clerk of the re-organized Church. Al- 
though of a quiet and retiring nature, Henry S. 
Wilcox was widely known and respected. He was 
at one time a member of the Sons of the American 
Revolution, his maternal great-grandfather, Amos 
White, having been a soldier with Washington at 
the crossing of the Delaware. Some four years prior 
to his death, his health began to decline, by reason 
of blood and liver troubles, which caused his death, 
Dec. 8, 1900. Mr. Wilcox married Jane E., a 
daughter of Ira Merriman, who, with his son, Albert 
H., survives him. 

The Wilcox family begins its history in New 
England with John Wilcox, who was an original 
proprietor of Hartford in 1639. He held the posi- 
tion of surveyor of highways and died in 165 1, his 
widow surviving until about 1668. Their children 
were: John, who married Sarah Wadsworth, 
Catherine Stoughton, Man.- (surname not known), 
and Esther Cornw^all ; Sarah, who married John Bid- 
well, of Hartford; Ann, who married John Hall, 
then of Hartford, but later of Middletown. 

John Wilcox, Jr., noted in the preceding para- 
graph as having had four wives, moved from Hart- 
ford to Middletown, where he died May 24, 1676. 
His children were as follows : Sarah, born in 1648; 
John; Thomas; Israel, born June 19, 1656, married 
Sarah Savage, about 1677, and died Dec. 20, 1689; 
Samuel, married Abigail Whitmore: Ephraim mar- 
ried Silence Hands ; Esther and Mary. 

The children of Israel and Sarah (Savage) Wil- 
cox were as follows: Israel, born in 1680, married 
Mary North ; John married Mary Warner ; Samuel 
married Hannah Sage; Thomas, born July 5, 1687, 
married Ann North, June 28, 1716, and died Jan. 
20, 1726-7; and Sarah. Mrs. Israel Wilcox died 
about Feb. 8, 1723-4. 

The children of Thomas and Ann (North) Wil- 
cox, of Middletown, were as follows : Martha ; 
Thomas, born Oct. 5, 1720, married Freelove Brad- 
ley, May 16, 1744, and died Nov. 9, 1778; Jonathan; 
and Hannah. 

The children of Thomas and Freelove (Bradley) 



Wilcox, of Guilford, Conn., were as follows: Clo- 
tilda, the wife of Samuel Hoyt, died in 1795, at the 
age of fifty years; Tanison. born in 1747, married 
Elizabeth Dowd, and died Sept. 15, 1820; Edmund, 
born in 1748, married Elizalieth Scranton. and died 
March 9, 1795 ; Billy, born in 1750, married Rebecca 
Hoyt; Jonathan, born in 1753, married Elizalieth 
■ Todd, and died in 1818; Samuel Dodd, born in 1756; 
Benjamin B., born in 1759, married Mary Todd, 
and died in 1805. 

The children of Jonathan and Elizabeth (Todd) 
Wilcox, of Madison, Conn., were as follows : Cur- 
tis, born March 9, 1775, married Wealthy Hill, and 
died Aug. 15, 1829; John, born April 5, 1777, mar- 
ried Electa Goodrich; Amos Todd, born 1779, mar- 
ried Cynthia Bushnell, and died in 1849; Elizabeth, 
born Feb. 22, 1782, married David Nash; Henry, 
born July 22, 1785, married Janet Bushnell Dec. 
31, 1808, and died in May, 1842; Matilda, born in 

1788, died Oct. 22, 1809; Sarah, born Feb. 20, 

1789, married George Pratt ; Jonathan Samuel, born 
Nov. I, 1791, married Chloe Hand, and died Feb. 
10, 1875; Augustus B., born Oct. 4, 1794, married 
Clarissa Jewett, and died May 19, 1844. Mrs. 
Jonathan Wilcox died Sept. 29, 1833, at the age of 
seventy-nine years. 

The children of Henry and Janet (Bushnell) Wil- 
cox, of Westbrook, Conn., were as follows : Will- 
iam Titus, born x\ug. 23. 1809, married ^Minerva 
Gaylord, and died in 1868; Henry Truman, bom 
Feb. 7, 181 1, married Elizabeth \\'hite Scovil, and 
died Jan. 7, 1885; Jonathan Samuel, born in Janu- 
ary, 181 3, married Dolly A. Southworth, and died 
Sept. 24, 1900; Emily Patience, born in 1815. had 
three husbands, John Wilmarth. Ransom Gaylord 
and Charles Spencer, and died about i88r ; Curtis 
Nash, born in 1817, married Elizabetli Hall, and 
died April 3, 1874; Benjamin Bushnell. born Sept. 
28, 1819, married Eliza A. Brainard, and died 
March 19, 1900; George Frederick, born in 1830. 
is supposed to have died in the western regions of 
the United States. 

The Merriman family presents an interesting 
h'istor}- which begins with Nathaniel Merriman. who 
was born in County Kent, England, in 1613. one 
of three sons of Theophilus and Hannah Merriman. 
the other two being Caleb and Moses. Nathaniel 
Merriman settled in New Haven, Conn., in 1663, 
and was married to Abigail Olney, and subsequently 
to Jane Lines. He was one of the original settlers 

i of Wallingford. Conn. .where he appeared as early as 
1670, and became a captain of the troops five years 
later, and a deputy to the General Court in 1685. 

I When he died in Wallingford he was about eighty 

' years of age, and was tlie father of the following 
children: Nathaniel; John; Hannah, the wife of 
John Ives; Grace; Abigail, the wife of John Hitch- 

i cock ; Sarah ; Mar\-, the wife of Thomas Curtis ; John 
married Hannah Lines ; Samuel married Anna 
Fields ; Caleb, mentioned below, who died July 9. 
1703; Moses, who married Judith Beach; Elizabeth, 

Anna, who died 

who married Ebenezer Lewis : 

Caleb Merriman. son of Nathaniel, was born 
in ^lay, 1665. and on July 9, 1690. married Mary 
Preston. Their children were as follows: Moses, 
born in lUji ; Elizabeth; Eliasaph ; Phoebe, de- 
ceased in infancy; Phoebe, married to Waitstill 
Munson ; Lydia ; Lydia ; Elizabeth ; and Hannah. 

Eliasaph Merriman, known as Captain Elia- 
saph, was born May 20, 1695, and on Dec. 10, 1719, 
wedded Abigail Hulls, who bore him children as 
follows: Eunice; Eunice (2) ; Eunice (3) ; Sarah; 
Caleb, mentioned below ; Titus ; Amasa ; Elizabeth ; 
Esther; Elizabeth (2) ; Turhand; Abigail, who was 
killed by liglitning, with her mother, Aug. 4, 1758. 
The husband and father died fifteen days later. 

Caleb Merriman was born Sept. 13. 1725, and 
married. May 12. 1747, Margaret Robinson. Their 
children were : Josiah ; Christopher ; Reekab ; Jesse ; 
Caleb; Enoch; Jesse (2) ; and Howell. Caleb [Mer- 
riman died Aug. 6, 1797, at the age of seventy-two 
years; his wife in July, 1795, at the age of sixty- 

I esse [Merriman, son of Caleb, married Dolly 
Ives in 1784, and to their union were born: Joel, 
born in 1784, died in 1819; Salina, born in 1786, 
married Lemuel Butler in 1810, and died in 1842 ; 
one unnamed; Ira. born Dec. 25, 1789: Ives, born 
in 1792, died in 1825; Sally, born in 1795, married 
Lewis Hotchkiss, and died in 1870; Eunice, born in 
1798, married John Hubbard in 1816, and died in 
1837; Howell, born in 1801, married Harriet Yale 
in 1830, and Mary A. Cowles, in 1843, ^"d died in 
1858; Charles, born in 1807, married Susannah Fet- 
tenhoof in 1832, and died in 1876. 

Ira Merriman married Elizabeth Hubbard, and 
their children were as follows : Two died in earlv 
infancy; Susan, born [March 12. 1819. died July 
31, of the same year; an unnamed infant died March 
28, 1820; Ira Hubbard, born Jan. 31, 1824, married 
Hannah Baldwin Oct. 22, 1863, and died Dec. 16, 
1875; Elizabeth, born May 19, 1830, died March 21, 
1833; Eliza Ann, born [May 28. 1834, married L. P. 
Chamberlain, April 5, 1859; Eli Ives, born Jan. 21, 
1837, married [Mary E. [Miller, Jan. 19, 1870. and 
died April 22, 1900; Jane Elizabeth, born April 12. 
1840, married Henry S. Wilcox Dec. i, 1869; Henry 
Stiles, born April 21, 1846. 

and prominent citizen and a leading business man of 
the city of Waterbury, and has been identified with 
its financial and commercial interests for many years. 
He was born in Plymouth, Conn., [March 4, 1830, 
w-here. too, had been born his father and grand- 

Tradition says that one Simeon A. Blakeslee is 
the first of that name of \yhom there is any record. 
He was one of the English gentry, and went with 
King Richard. "Coeur de Lion," in his crusade. Also 
that Samuel and John Blakeslee, brothers, came 

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from EiifT'^'i^l '"^ ^^^ early days of the Massachusetts 
colotiv, and bought a narrow strip of land called 
'"Boston Neck," where for several years they car- 
ried on black-smithing. From this place they re- 
moved, Samuel locating in Xew Haven, and John 
going still farther west. 

Public records state that Samuel Blakeslee was 
a planter in Guilford, Conn., in 1650, and was mar- 
ried on Dec. 3 of that year to Hannah, daughter 
of William Potter, of Xew Haven, to which place 
he removed, and where he died in 1672. Their chil- 
dren in the order of birth were John, Alary, Samuel 
and Ebenezer. 

John Blakeslee, son of Samuel and Hannah 
(Potter) Blakeslee, was born Oct. 22, 165 1, and 
lived in Xew Haven. He died in 1713, leaving three 
children, John, Hannah and ]\Ioses. 

Moses Blakeslee, son of John, married Sarah 
Benton, of Hartford, Jan. i, 1702. He removed to 
Waterbury about 1739, and settled on land previ- 
ously "laid out" to him on what is now called "town 
hill," in the east part of the present town of Ply- 
mouth. He was appointed a deacon of the church 
at its organization in 1740, and was an active and 
influential member. He also took a prominent part 
in the afifairs of the town. His children, as re- 
corded in X'ew Haven, were, in order, as follows : 
Moses, Aaron, Abner, Sarah, Dinah, Job, Jesse, 
Job (2), Aaron (2), Hannah, Phebe, John, Marah, 
and Moses (2). 

John Blakeslee, son of Moses, was born Dec. 
15, 1723, and settled in the X'ortheast Society near 
his father. He married Olive (born June 3, 1728), 
daughter of Samuel Curtiss, ]\Iarch 14, 1745. Their 
children were as follows : John, born March 3, 
1746; Amasa, Jan. 15, 1748; Joel, Aug. 19, 1750; 
Enos, July 12, 1752; Obed, Aug. 29, 1754; Olive, 
March 29, 1758; Lettis, April 4, 1760: Lettis (2), 
March 27, 1763; Jared, July 8, 1765; Sallie, Aug. 
20, 1768; and Curtiss, Feb. 16, 1770. 

Joel Blakeslee, son- of John, was married to 
Sarah, daughter of Samuel Scoville, in 1775, and 
their children were: Linus, born in 1776; Ranson, 
born Sept. 10, 1781 ; Betsey; Erastus : and Amanda. 

Linus Blakeslee was married to Fanny Fenn 
Nov. 4, 1794. Their children were: Jacob, who 
moved to Dayton. Ohio, where he died: Milo, men- 
tioned below ; and Erastus. 

Milo Blakesley, the father of Augustus ]\Iilo, 
was born X'oy. 16, 1804, and spent his entire life 
in Plymouth. He was the first to spell the family 
name "Blakesley," and he made the change at the 
suggestion of a writing teacher who thought the let- 
ter "y" made a better finish to the name. This 
branch of the family have continued to spell it after 
the "reformed" method. At the age of twenty, 
Milo Blakesley entered the employ of Eli Terry, 
and engaged in the manufacture of clocks. Later in 
life he was in co-partnership with Mr. Terry, and 
so continued until the business was closed up, when 
he moved to his old farm, an extensive dairy place. 

and lived there until his death, July 8, 1871. Mr. 
Blakesley was a devout Congregationalist, and a 
deacon in the church at Terryville. As an old line 
Whig he naturally became identified with the Re- 
publican party, and held some local offices in the 
prime of his life. The abolition movement found in 
him an early friend, and he would never admit that 
human slavery had any possible justification. {)n 
Oct. 26, 1826, Mr. Blakesley married Miss Dorcas 
McKee, a native of Bristol, and a daughter of 
Samuel AIcKee, who was a cooper by trade, and 
probably of Scotch lineage. Her father married 
Electa Andrews, daughter of Judah Andrews, who 
was born in 1777. Mr. and Mrs. Blakesley were 
the parents of five children : ( i ) Theron, born 
Dec. II, 1827, died x-\pril 24, 1852; (2) Augustus 
Milo; (3) Fanny, born Jan. 18, 1832, died the same 
year: (4) Fanny Jane, born Aug. 23, 1833, died Sept. 
II, 1885 ; married Burr S. Beach, and lived in Terry- 
ville, Conn; (5) Linus, born Dec. 16, 1837, was 
graduated from Yale in i860, and for twenty-eight 
years was pastor of the First Congregational 
Church of Topeka, Kansas. He was a trustee and 
the secretary of Washburn College for twenty-eight 
years, and was the first to receive the degree of 
Doctor of Divinity bestowed by that College, in 1893. 
Dr. Blakesley was a director of the Kansas Aledical 
College, president of the Topeka Congregational 
Club, and president of the Topeka school board. He 
now resides in El Paso, Texas. 

Augustus Milo Blakesley passed his boyhood 
days at Plymouth, remaining on the farm until he 
was fifteen years of age. He attended the district 
school, and prepared himself for an honorable and 
useful career. The first work he did was in the store 
of Andrew Terry, where he served as a clerk, and 
following this, he clerked for Allen Hemingway. 
In 1849 he came to Waterbury and was employed by 
J. M. L. and W. H. Scoville, in their mercantile 
business, remaining with them about three years, 
and leaving to take the position of teller in the Wat- 
erbury Xational Bank in February, 1852. On Xov. 
29, 1864, he was appointed cashier of that institu- 
tion, and is still holding that position. This makes 
a record of nearly fifty years with the bank, and 
during that long period he has been associated with 
the inauguration of a number of the most import- 
ant commercial enterprises which have found room 
in Waterbury. The American Pin Co. has found 
in him a stanch friend and supporter, and on the 
death of T. L Driggs he was elected its president, 
in which office he is still serving. The Waterbury 
Hospital has made him its treasurer, and he has 
filled other positions of a similar character. The 
name of this gentleman appears among the fifty 
original members who united in the formation of 
the Second Congregational Church in 1852, and he 
has been treasurer of the Society and Sundaf-sciiool 
ever since. The musical service was in his hands 
until 1874, when his son succeeded him as organist 
and choir master, but he sang in the choir until 



1896. In 1879 he became deacon, and his connec- 
tion with the Church has been singularly helpful 
and inspiring. 

Mr. Blakesley and Miss Margaret Orr Johnson, 
of Cadiz, Ohio, were married Sept. 5, 1853. Mrs. 
Blakesley died July 12, 1885, leaving two children: 
(i) Albert Johnson, born April 30, 1858, has been 
connected with the Waterbury Bank twenty-seven 
years. He has been twice married ; his first wife, now 
deceased, was Fannie F. Atwood, daughter of L. J. 
Atwood. His present wife was Miss }klarie D. 
Mitchell, of New York, a granddaughter of Mrs. 
Feter Darlington, mother of Dr. James H. Darling- 
ton, for many years pastor of the Bedford Street 
Church in Brooklyn ; they have one child, Freder- 
ick Darlington. (2) Jennie Elizabeth, born Aug. 25, 
1865, is now the wife of Dr. John M. Benedict, for- 
merly of Bethel, Conn. ; they have two children, John 
Blakesley and Ruth. Augustus IM. Blakesley has 
been a Republican since the formation of the party, 
and a number of years ago was treasurer of the 

DANA A. BRADLEY (deceased) was born 
Dec. 15, 1824, on the old Bradley homestead in East 
Haven (where George C. Bradley now lives), and 
was a son of Dana Bradley, Sr. He was educated in 
the common schools of his native town and Fair 
Haven, and reared upon the home farm, remaining 
with his parents until his marriage. 

On April 28, 1857, ^Ir. Bradley wedded IMiss 
Caroline L. Tuttle, who was born Dec. 6, 1835, in 
the house at Fair Haven now occupied by William 
G. Tuttle, and is a daughter of William and Harriet 
(Andrews) Tuttle, the latter a daughter of Nathan 
Andrews. William Tuttle was a native of East Ha- 
ven and son of Frederick Tuttle. who was also born 
in that town and after his marriage to Polly Frost 
removed to the farm and built the house where his 
son William was born. Mrs. Bradley is the oldest 
in a family of eight children ; Cornelia H., the next 
in order of birth, is the wife of Henry Landcraft, 
of Fair Haven ; Hester died at the age of nineteen 
years; Annie died unmarried at the age of thirty- 
four years ; William G. is a resident of Fair Ha- 
ven; Sadie E. is the wife of George Holt, an oys- 
ter dealer of New Haven ; Edward died at the age 
of three years ; and Edwin, twin brother of Edward, 
married Lizzie Bradley, daughter of Warren Brad- 
ley, and makes his home in New Haven. The 
father of this family died March 26. 1899, aged 
eighty-six years, the mother April 10, 1891, aged 
seventy-nine years. They were highly respected and 
esteemed by all who knew them. 

In 1859 Dana A. Bradley removed to the farm 
in East Haven where his widow now resides, and 
throughout the remainder of his life successfully 
engaged in dairying and farming there. Two chil- 
dren came to brighten the home : ( i ) Frederick 
W., a dairy farmer, living with his mother, com- 
pleted his education in the Hopkins grammar school. 

He has taken a prominent part in local affairs as ;i 
member of the Republican party, was a member of 
the New Haven council in 1890, and served on the 
Building Committee. He is a member of the Con- 
necticut Grange, has served as assistant secretary 
of the State Grange, and is a member of the I. O. 
O. F. (2) Henry Dana, who was graduated from 
Yale College in 1893, is now a civil engineer, sur- 
veyor and real estate dealer of New York City. 
Mr. Bradley was killed by a train at a railroad cross- 
ing at Fair Haven, Nov. 21, 1890, and his death was 
deeply mourned by the entire community, for he was 
well and favorably known, and had a host of warm 
friends in East Haven and the surrounding towns. 
He was a member of the Episcopal Qiurch of Fair 
Haven, to which his widow also belongs, and his 
upright, honorable life gained for him the confi- 
dence and respect of all with whom he came in con- 
tact. In politics he was first a Whig, and later a 

JOHN KAHL Vv'as born Jan. 30, 1839, in Prus- 
sia, a son of Nicholas Kahl, a native-born Prussian, 
who was engaged in buying and shipping coal to 
j France in ante-railroad days. As the proprietor 
I of a large farm, Nicholas Kahl was a man of con- 
: siderable prominence in his community ; he belonged 
to the Lutheran Church, and was much devoted to 
his home. His wife, Louisa Atiltmeyer, of Prussia, 
was a daughter of Cornelius Aultmeyer, and she 
died in IMay, 1898, having long survived her hus- 
band, who passed away in 1850, at the age of sixty- 
one. They were the parents of the following chil- 
dren : George, who came to the United States, and 
died in New York City ; Henry, who died in Ger- 
many ; Louise, who died in the city of New York ; 
Kate, who died in Germany; and John. 

John Kahl attended the Prussian schools up to 
the age of thirteen years, when he became an ap- 
prentice at the locksmith trade in Sanet-Johann, 
Prvissia, where he worked for two years. In 1854 
he left his old home and came to the United States, 
arriving in New York via Havre. For about four 
months he was engaged in Simms & Blund's gun 
factory, and for several years afterward was em- 
ployed in the Dr. Andrews' Bank Lock Factory at 
Perth Amboy, N. J. Mr. Kahl then went to New 
Britain, Conn., where he worked in the Stanley 
Hinge Factory for a long period, and was employed 
for a vear and a half with Russell & Erwin. He 
was with the Stanley Level & Rule Company for a 
time, and in 1859 removed to Yalesville, where he 
was working in Sanford's Auger Factory at the 
breaking out of the Rebellion. True to his adopted 
country, he enlisted, in 1861, becoming a member 
of Company C. 2nd N. Y. Harris Light Cavalry, 
and was mustered out June 5, 1865, in the city of 
New York. He received a flesh wound in his left 
leg in the skirmish at Liberty Alills, Va., where he 
was taken prisoner, and incarcerated in Libby 
Prison, where he remained four weeks, was then 




removed to Belle Island, where he was kept five 
months before he was exchanged. When he was 
captured he weighed 169 pounds, and when released 
only 90 pounds. 

'After receiving his honorable discharge he re- 
turned to resume his work in the auger factory. In 
1867 he began work as a tool maker with R. Wal- 
lace & Sons, becoming foreman of the department 
two years later, and he holds this position at the 
present time, now having about twenty men under 
his direction. 

Mr. Kahl is a member of Accanant Lodge, I. 
O. O. F., and of Arthur H. Dutton Post, No. 36, G. 
A. R. With his family he belongs to the Episcopal 
Church. He is a Republican, but has never been 
an office-seeker. 

In 1856 Mr. Kahl was married to Miss Christ- 
iana Schropp, of Bavaria, Germany, who died in 
Yalesville in 1866, leaving the following children: 
Alfred, employed with his father, married Louisa 
Wetzel, of Wallingford, and is the father of one 
child, Fred ; Edmund, employed with his father, 
married Miss Annie Gibbons, of Wallingford, and 
is the father of five children : Christina, Bertha, 
John, Edmund and Roger : George, employed with 
R. Wallace & Sons as a silversmith, married JNIiss 
Lydia Broedlin, of Xew York, and is the father of 
Oscar and Alesia. 

In 1867 Mr. Kahl married Fredericka Roselaus, 
of Hartford, and this union has been blessed with the 
following children : Louisa married John Broedlin, 
of Wallingford, and is the mother of Caroline, 
George and Rudolph ; and Louis, employed with his 
father, married Esther Lawrence, and has three chil- 
dren : Louis, Jr., Walter and Ernest. 

dair}-man and general farmer was born Dec. 29, 
1838, on the Bradley homestead in Centreville, 
Hamden, where he still resides, and he belongs to 
an old and highly respected family of that part of 
the county. His grandfather, Lyman Bradley, the 
son of a Revolutionary soldier, was born in the wes- 
tern part of the town of Hamden, where he was 
reared upon a farm, but when about sixty years old 
he came to Centreville, and purchased the farm now 
owned and occupied by our subject. He made many 
improvements upon the place, and continued to en- 
gage in its cultivation throughout the remainder of 
his life. He was a supporter of the Whig party, 
a consistent member of the Congregational Church, 
and was well-known and highly respected. He mar- 
ried Aliss Betsey Ives, who also belonged to one of 
the oldest and most esteemed families of Hamden, 
and both died on the farm in Centreville, their re- 
mains being interred in the Centreville cemetery. 
She, too, was a member of the Congregational 
Church, and was a most estimable lady. Their chil- 
dren were Harriett; Lyman A.: William: E. Ives, 
father of our subject; and Betsey, wife of ^Merwin 
Foote. ' - , 

E. Ives Bradley was born March 15, 181 1, in 
the old homestead in the western part of the town. 
When twenty-five years old he came to Centreville 
with his father and there spent the remainder of his 
life successfully engaged in farming, dairying and 
stock raising. His political support was given first 
the Whig and later the Republican parties, and as 
one of the prominent and influential men of his 
community he was called upon to fill several local 
offices. He was a public-spirited citizen, and was 
an active and consistent member of the Congrega- 
tional Church. He married Miss Charlotte B. Gil- 
' bert, a native of Hamden, and a daughter of Daniel 
Gilbert. By this union two children were born: 
i Alary Jane, who died at the age of five years ; and 
j Elsworth A., our subject. The father died Jan. ir, 
! 1893, aged eighty-two years, the mother Feb. 7, 
1899, aged eighty-two years, and both were laid to 
: rest in the family burying ground in Centreville. 
! During his boyhood and youth Elsworth A. 
Bradley attended the district schools and the acad- 
emy of Hamden, and upon the home farm became 
familiar with all the duties which fall to the lot of 
the agriculturist. He now owns the old homestead, 
consisting of seventy-five acres under a high state 
■ of cultivation and improved with good buildings, 
i and is devoting his time principally to general fann- 
i ing and dairying with good success. The Republi- 
can party finds in him a stanch supporter of its 
principles, and he is now efficiently serving as a 
member of the school board. He is well known and 
highly respected in the community where he has so 
long made his home. 

JOHN LEWIS DISBROW, who in his lifetime 
was one of the highly esteemed business men and 
honored citizens of New Haven, was born in that 
city ]\Iarch 28, 1839, a son of John Lewis Disbrow, 
Sr., the veteran hat manufacturer. 

John Lewis Disbrow, Sr., was born in Norwalk, 
Conn., in 1816, a son of John and Priscilla (Alall- 
ory) Disbrow, the former a native of Saugatuck, 
this State. At the age of fourteen JNIr. Disbrow 
learned the hatter's trade, and coming to New Ha- 
ven followed same as a journeyman until about 
i835) when he started in business on his own ac- 
count, and for some years was the only hat manu- 
facturer who conducted a store for himself. He con- 
tinued thus for thirty years, his death, in 1864, cut- 
ting short a prosperous business career. He mar- 
ried Mary R. iNIiller, who was bom in Norwalk, 
daughter of a sea captain in the West Indies trade ; 
his vessel and crew were all lost at sea. When, a 
few years after Mrs. Disbrow's birth, her home was 
broken up, she was given a home with friends, and 
became the adopted child of Capt. Shipman, of New 
Haven. Of the children born to ]\Ir. and Mrs. Dis- 
brow, but one, John Lewis, Jr., grew to maturity. 
The mother died in the faith of the Congregational 
Church, in 1878, at the age of sixty-four years. 

John Lewis Disbrow our subject, was reared in 



his native City and was educated in the Lancasterian 
School. In his youth he learned the hatter's trade 
with his father, and engaged in business with him 
continuously until the father's death, with the excep- 
tion of four years, when, under appointment by 
President Buchanan, he served as railway mail 
clerk from New Haven to Bellows Falls, Vt. In 
1864 he assumed control of the business, and so 
continued until his own death, Jan. 17, 1897. He 
erected the building in State street, which he oc- 
cupied for many years, and for many years con- 
ducted another store, in the same line, in Church 

Mr. Disbrow was a very public-spirited man. 
For thirty-five years he was a member of the fire 
department, acting as assistant chief under Chief 
Hendricks, and for twenty-six years was secretary 
and treasurer of the Firemen's Benevolent Asso- 
ciation. When he retired the department passed a 
set of resolutions and presented him with a hand- 
some pedestal. In his political faith he was a Demo- 
crat, as was his father before him, and he at one 
time represented the Third Ward in the city coun- 
cfl. Fraternally he was a [Mason, identified with 
\^^ooster Lodge ; and in his religious views he was 
a Congregationalist. As a man his integrity was 
unassailable, his reputation was untarnished, and 
he was justly beloved by all who knew him for his 
many gifts of head and heart. 

On June 29, 1859, ^Ir. Disbrow was united in 
marriage with Alary Russell, who was born in New 
Haven, a daughter of Calvin Russell, and a great- 
great-granddaughter of Samuel Russell, in whose 
house Yale University was incorporated. Of the 
five children born to this marriage, three are now 
living: (i) Nellie, who is Airs. Treat, of No. 12 
Gill street, has two children, Disbrow and Alarion. 
(2) Airs. William Foskett, whose husband is a mem- 
ber of the firm of Foskett & Bishop, has one child, 
Mildred. (3) James R., who, under his mother's 
supervision, is running his father's store, is one of 
the prominent young men in New Haven. He ranks 
high in fraternal orders, being a thirty-second-de- 
gree Alason, member of the Alodern Woodmen, the 
Naval Reserves and the Governor's Foot Guards. 
Henry and John L. are deceased. For twenty-five 
years Air. Disbrow lived on Howard avenue and in 
1896 he completed the excellent home at No. 248 
Sherman avenue, where his death occurred, and 
where his widow resides. 

Airs. Disbrow is a lady of unusual executive 
ability and good business judgment, and was her 
husband's confidant and adviser at all times. She is 
broad-minded, and charitable to the faults of others. 
and endeavors at all times to live up to the faith she 
professes — that of the Congregational Church. 

Calvin Russell, father of Airs. Disbrow, was 
reared in New Haven, and here learned the black- 
smith's trade, which he followed for a few years. 
However, his ambition sought a wider field. He 
embarked in the wholesale confectionerv business in 

Water street. New Haven, for some years, and was 
successful. Later he founded the wholesale butter 
and cheese business now conducted by his son Cal- 
vin. He accumulated a large property, retired from 
business when about fifty-four years' old, and lived 
to the age of nearly eighty-six.' Air. Russell mar- 
ried Alary Smith, a daughter of John Smith, a pen- 
sioner of the war of 1812, and twelve children 
blessed this union, all of whom reached maturity. 
The mother died in 1876. 

ations the Paynes have been residents of the town of 
Prospect, Conn., and of the territory out of which 
that town was formed, Waterbury and Cheshire. 
The name is of record frequently in the towns of 
Prospect, Waterbury and Naugatuck, in the latter 
of which was born, July 6, 1829, and reared the late 
Joseph D. Payne, who for many years was a prom- 
inent business man of New Haven. The family 
is of English origin. Our subject was a grand- 
son of Joseph D. Payne, who was born in Cheshire, 
and a son of Stephen H. Payne, .of that town, and 
later of Prospect, who was a manufacturer of but- 
tons and matches, and conducted a general mer- 
cantile business. Stephen H. Payne's wife, Abigail, 
was a daughter of Joseph I. Doolittle. a man uni- 
versally beloved and respected. 

Joseph D. Payne was a child when his parents 
moved from Cheshire to Prospect, where he attended 
the public schools, and he was later a student in 
Everest Academy. At the age of nineteen he came 
to Westville, now a part of New Haven, entering 
the store of Joseph Hale, as clerk, and from 1850 
until his death, which occurred April 16. 1894, he 
remained an active business man and a useful citi- 
zen. In about 1852 he became associated in business 
as a merchant with Edwin W. Cooper, the style of 
the firm being Cooper & Payne, and the partnership 
lasted about ten years, after which Air. Payne con- 
ducted the business alone until 1870, when he with- 
drew from mercantile life and engaged in the manu- 
facture of nuts in Westville, in which line he con- 
tinued until some three years prior to his death, 
when, owing to failing health, he retired from ac- 
tive btisiness. 

Air. Payne was a man of excellent judgment, 
a careful financier, industrious and energetic, and 
prospered in his undertakings, becoming a very suc- 
cessful business man. He was possessed of a high 
sense of honor and great strength of character, was 
just and strict in all his business dealings, inflexi- 
ble in his purposes and firm in his friendships. He 
was ever interested and active in all measures and 
movements which he deemed beneficial to the com- 
munitv. He had managed his own aft'airs so well 
that he was several times called by his fellow towns- 
men to positions of trust and responsibility, serving 
for a quarter of a century as a member of the school 
board of his district, of which he was treasurer. 
His political sympathies were with the Democratic 



party. Mr. Payne was a Mason of high standing, 
and for many years was treasurer of the local lodge. 
With his wife he attended the Westville Congre- 
gational Church. 

On May 17, 1852, Mr. Payne was united in mar- 
riage with Miss Amelia F. Cooper, who was born 
in Westville, a daughter of Jeremiah and Fanny 
(Warner) Cooper, and one child was born to them. 
Adelaide, who is unmarried, and with her mother 
occupies the beautiful Payne home at No. 106 
Fountain street, Westville. 

Mrs. Payne comes from old Connecticut stock 
in both paternal and maternal lines. Amos Warner, 
her maternal grandfather, was a farmer at Hamden, 
Conn., where the family has long been located, and 
was a soldier in the Revolutionary war. Mrs. 
Payne's parents were both born in Hamden. The 
mother moved first to Xew Haven, thence to West- 
ville, where she was married, and where Mr. Cooper 
followed his trade, that of cooper, until he was 
drowned, which occurred when his daughter Amelia 
F. was but one year old. Mrs. Payne is the youngest 
of a family of four, Edwin W., Caroline, Zenas and 
Amelia F. The Coopers are of English extraction. 

THE FOSTER FA^HLY was. throughout the 
past century, one of the leading families of Xew 
Haven, as it was also one of the old and historic 
families of New England. It has given several men 
to the legal profession who have graced the Bar of 
Connecticut, and who have elevated the social life 
of the city in which their honorable and useful ca- 
reers have passed. Especial reference is made to 
Hon. Eleazer Foster, and to his son, Hon. Eleazer 
Kingsbury Foster, who in turn were conspicuous in 
New Haven for many years. John P. C. Foster, 
son of the latter, is now one of the leading physicians 
and most prominent citizens of the community. 

Samuel Foster, the emigrant ancestor of the fam- 
ily, was born in England in 161 9, and came to 
New England in its very early settlement. He was 
married, at Dedham, Mass., in 1647, to Esther 
Kemp, and moved to Wenham three years later. In 
1655 he removed to Chelmsford, Mass., where he 
became an honorable and representative citizen of 
the town. A deacon in the Church, he was also a 
deputy to the General Court. From him Dr. Fos- 
ter, of New Haven, is a descendant in the eighth 
generation, the line of descent being through 
Samuel (2), Edward, Edward (2), Edward (3J, 
Eleazer and Eleazer K. 

Samuel Foster, son of the emigrant, was born 
in Chelmsford in 1650, and when twenty-eight years 
of age was married to Sarah Keyes. He died in 
1730. Edward Foster, his son, was born in 1689, 
in Chelmsford, was married to Remembrance 
Fletcher. Edward Foster (2), son of Edward, was 
born in Chelmsford in 1714, and with his wife, Ra- 
chel, resided in Sturbridge, Mass., where he died 
in 1775. Edward Foster (3), was born in Stur- 
bridge in 1749, and married to Rachel Newell; he 

saw active service in the war of the Revolution, and 
after its termination bought and settled on a farm 
in the town of Union, Conn., where he spent the 
rest of his life, dying in 1818. 

Hon. Eleazer Foster, son of Edward Foster (3), 
was born in 1779, in the town of Union, Conn., and 
was married in New Haven, in 1806, to Mary 
Pierrepont, who was born in 1780, a lineal descend- 
ant of Rev. James Pierrepont, a settler of New 
Haven in 1G84, and one of the founders of Yale Col- 
lege. She is also a descendant of Mary Hooker, a 
daughter of Rev. Samuel Hooker, of Farmington. 

Mr. Foster was graduated from Yale College in 
1802, and became a lawyer. Soon after his admis- 
sion to the Bar he gave such decided proof of his 
industry, capacity, integrity and discretion, that he 
was quickly called to responsible and delicate po- 
sitions. In 1817 he was representative from New 
Haven in the State Legislature, where he led a 
brilliant career. He stood so high in the public con- 
tidence that he was frequently called on to admin- 
ister estates, to be assignee for debtors and agent for 
creditors. His practice was largely along the line 
of probate business, and such was his ability and 
integrity that he uniformly received the approbation 
of all interested. For the duties of a magistrate 
he was guided by that integrity and impartiality 
which fully evinced his love of justice and his 
sacred regard for the true interests of the public. 
A man of high character, he was kind and attentive 
to the poor, courteous to all, and in every sense a 
desirable neighbor. He was an exemplar}- member 
of the Church of Christ. His death occurred in Xew 
Haven Alay i, 1819; and hie widow, who lived many 
years thereafter, died in 1852. 

Hon. Eleazer Kingsbury Foster, the son of the 
foregoing, and father of Dr. Foster, was born May 
20, 1813, and was graduated from Yale in 1834. At 
New Haven, and in Auburn, X'. Y., he made his 
preparation for the law, and was admitted to the 
Bar in his native city, where he practiced law all his 
life. Shortly after his entrance upon his profes- 
sion he was appointed grand juror of the town. 
From 1845 to 1849 he was probate judge of the 
Xew Haven district. In 1854 he was appointed 
State's Attorney for Xew Haven, and in 1867 was 
nominated registrar in bankruptcy by Chief Justice 
Chase, holding both positions as long as he lived. 
In i860 he was a member of the Republican conven- 
tion that nominated Abraham Lincoln. For six 
years he was a member of the city council of X'ew 
Haven, and was a member of the State Legislature 
in 1844, 1845, 1855 and 1865, when he served as 
Speaker of the House. In 1861 he declined a nom- 
ination for Governor of Connecticut in favor of 
Gov. Buckingham. 

At die Bar, in public and private life. Judge 
Foster was a man of mark. The eminence which he 
attained at the Bar was not due to study and applica- 
tion alone. A noble presence, a grand voice, the 
graces of oratory, often becoming eloquence, wit 



and humor, a thorough knowledge of human nature, 
and a quick sympathy, with all ranks of men — these 
were the gifts that always secured to him a place 
in the front rank of his profession. As a specialist 
in criminal law he frequently dealt with important 
causes and encountered the ablest of his professional 
brethren. To these demands he was always equal, 
and was regarded as a most formidable antagonist 
before the jury, where he was especially successful. 
As a cross-examiner he was remarkably skillful, 
and many an unhappy culprit has seen the secrets 
of his breast laid bare by him, even while believing 
that every avenue of approach had been securely 
guarded. As State's Attorney he sought for jus- 
tice, never demanding the "pound of flesh," and 
mitigating where circumstances would allow the 
penalties of crime which took on in many cases the 
character of ignorance and stupidity. Courteous 
and considerate in his demeanor toward his antag- 
onist, he often made friends of those upon whom 
he brought the penalties of violated law. He was 
the last survivor, save Hon. Alfred Blackman. of 
that brilliant circle of lawyers whose fame in the 
past is already becoming a tradition to the lawyers 
of this generation. 

In politics. Judge Foster was a Whig in his earl- 
ier life, and became a Republican on the organization 
of that party. On the "hustings" he was very popu- 
lar, and often appeared to defend what he deemed 
right and true. He was a man of deep religious con- 
victions, and firmly held to the fundamental doc- 
trines of the Episcopal Church, of which he was 
a devoted member. His Christian faith and hope 
were a great comfort to him in his last illness. For 
more than thirty years Judge Foster was a resident 
of New Haven, and his death was felt by many of 
its people as a personal loss. 

Judge Foster was married Jan. 2, 1838, to Miss 
Mary Codrington, who was born in Jamaica, Brit- 
ish West Indies, Feb. 9, 1818, on one of her father's 
plantations, but was educated in England. To this 
union were born four children: William E., the 
editor of the Buflfalo (N. Y.) Commercial; Eleazer 
K., a lawyer in Florida ; Dr. John P. C, a resident 
of New Haven; and Mary, who died in 1864, at the 
age of twenty-one years. Judge Foster died June 
13, 1877, his wife having passed awav Sept. 25, 

William E. Foster, noted above as editor of the 
Buflfalo Commercial, was married in 1861 to Sarah 
E. Betts, a daughter of Judge Betts, of the city of 
New York. He enlisted in the United States navy 
in i86r, on the first call for troops, and served 
throughout the war. He was appointed assistant 
quartermaster general, and Aug. 4, 1861, was made 
a paymaster in the navy, serving in that capacity, 
and as a signal officer, during his term of service. 
For thirty years he has been chief editor of the Com- 
viercial, and is a man of unusual literary attain- 
ments. Eleazer K., the other brother of Dr. Foster, 
died Dec. 8, 1899. For years he had been a district 

attorney in Florida, and had been judge of the cir- 
cuit court, and also State Superintendent of Pub- 
lic Instruction. He was one of the founders of the 
Agricultural College of Florida, and one of the new 
buildings recently put up for that institution bears 
the name of " Foster Hall" Mr. Foster also served 
as one of the trustees of the University of the 
South, located at Sewanee, Tenn. Alary Benedict, 
who became his wife, was born at Philadelphia, Pa., 
and was a daughter of Dr. Nathan and Emma (Har- 
ries) Benedict. They had three children, Eleazer 
K., Emma Harris, and Mary Benedict; all reside in 
Gainesville, Florida. 

Dr. John Pierrepont Codrington Foster was 
born March 2, 1847, "^ ^^ew Haven, and prepared 
for college in the school of George Russel. In 1869 
he was graduated irom Yale, and from the Medical 
School connected with that College in 1875. The 
fall of the following year he began his practice at 
New Haven, and from the first his career has been 
singularly successful. Many of the characteristics 
of his father and grandfather reappear in him, and 
his ability, close application to his work, and general 
manly qualifications have won him a wide practice. 
Among the students of Yale he is especially popular. 
In connection with Prof. Chittenden of the Yale 
Biological Laboratory, he conducted a series of ex- 
periments with Koch's Tuberculin, which were after- 
wards summarized and given to the world. Dr. Fos- 
ter was the first American to administer (Dec. 3, 
1890) the famous tuberculin of Prof. Koch. He 
has been surgeon of the United States [Marine Hos- 
pital Service since 1880, and in 1877 was appointed 
instructor in anatomy in Yale Art School. He is a 
member of the American Medical Association, and 
of the Society of the American Anatomists. At 
Yale he belonged to the famous "Skull and Cross- 
bones Society," as did his father before him. In 
1884 he was instrumental in the organization of 
the Young Men's Republican Club of New Haven, 
of which he was the first vice-president. At the 
present time he takes no active part in politics. 

On July I, 1875, Dr. Foster was married to 
Josephine Bicknell, a daughter of Joseph I. and 
Theresa (Pierrepont) Bicknell, and they have had 
the following children : Margaret Codrington, who, 
on Feb. 8, 1899, married Rev. George H. Thomas, 
rector of All Saints Church in Minneapolis ; John 
Pierrepont Codrington, Jr., who died Aug. 30, 1882; 
Josephine Bicknell; Allen Evarts; and William Ed- 

known photographer of Derby, is an artist of wide 
experience, and stands at the head of his profes- 
sion in that town. He was born in New Haven Nov. 
7, 1836, and belongs to a family of English origin, 
which was founded in America by seven brothers 
who settled in this county. Many of its represent- 
atives have embraced the learned professions, be- 
coming eminent as doctors, lawyers and preachers. 



Our subject's paternal great-grandfather was a 
K-!<l:cr ill the Revolutionary war. His grandfather, 
Samuel Morse, was born in Danbury, Conn., but in 
cjf'lv life went to Savannah, Ga., where he success- 
iiillv fii^'agcd in the practice of law. He died there, 
,jl vflluw fever, and, being a member of the old 
Lli.ithauj Artillery, then, as now, a noted military 
,.r"anization of the South, he was buried with mili- 
!.ir^- honors. There were other prominent members 
u"t the family in the South, including Judge Morse, 
oi Mobile, Ala. The grandfather edited the first 
JiMcr>onian newspaper ever published in America, 
called the Son of Liberty. 

Orville Curtis Morse, father of our subject, was 
born in Danbury, and went to Savannah, Ga., with 
his parents when a child, but after the death of his 
father he returned North with his mother and the 
other members of the family, and spent some time 
in the towns of Huntington and ^Monroe, Fair- 
field Co., Conn. Throughout his active life he 
was a teacher, following that profession for 
the last twenty years of his career. He mar- 
ried Miss Charity Thompson, of Huntington, 
daughter of Abraham and Sarah (Blackmanj 
Thompson. The first of the Thompson fam- 
ily to come to this country was a passenger on 
the "Mayflower." To Mr. and Mrs. Morse were 
lK)rii four children: Samuel, a painter by trade, 
who died in Stratford; Charles T., a retired mer-' 
chant of Chicago, 111. ; Sarah J. ; and N. Thompson, 
<iur subject. In his political views the father was 
tirst a \\ hig and later a Republican. 

During his infancy our subject removed with 
his parents to Derby, where he grew to manhood. 
During the dark days of the Rebellion he enlisted in 
Company B, 4th Conn. V. L, which was the first 
three-years regiment enlisted in the country, and 
which afterward became the ist Connecticut Heavy 
Artillery. After receiving his discharge ^^Ir. ]\Iorse 
returned North and went to Chicago, where he 
clerked in his brother's store for some time. Learn- 
ing photography, he engaged in that business in 
Chicago for seven years, and then went South, where 
he carried on the same occupation in Jacksonville, 
Fla., and Savannah, Ga. Later he engaged in 
photography in New Jersey, Pennsylvania and New 
York State, and finally, in 1887, returned to Derby, 
Conn., where he opened a studio and has since been 
busily engaged in his art. He thoroughly under- 
•^tands his profession and his work possesses high 
anistic merit. 

Mr. Morse married ]\Iiss Annie S. Massev, a 
native of Philadelphia, Pa., and a daughter of 
Thomas Massey. She is a prominent member of 
the Derby chapter of the Daughters of the Ameri- 
can Revolution, which she was instrumental in or- 
ganizing, and has the finest record in that chapter. 
Mr. Morse is also of Revolutionarv stock, his ma- 
ternal grandfather, Abraham Thompson, having 
aided the Colonies in achieving their Independence 
as a soldier of the Continental army. Our subject 

and his wife are both members of the Episcopal 
Church, and he also belongs to the Grand Army of 
the Republic and King Hiram Lodge, F. & A. M., 
of Derby, having first united with the Masonic fra- 
ternity in Chicago. Politically he is a stanch Re- 

of the best known fruit growers of the State of Con- 
necticut, has transformed an ordinary piece of prop- 
erty into one of the best farms in North Haven. Be- 
ing descended from an old family of Connecticut, 
prominent in the history of the State and nation, our 
subject is very proud of his ancestry. Isaac Warner, 
his grandfather, was a native of Hamden, Conn., 
where he carried on farming extensively and where 
he died. He had the following family : Louisa, 
Ira and Rufus. 

Rufus Warner was born Sept. 15, 1808, in Ham- 
den, received a common school education, and pur- 
sued the vocation of a farmer all his life, dying in 
Hamden when seventy-two years old. His wife was 
Harriet Dorman, a native of Hamden, and daugh- 
ter of Edmund Dorman. To this couple were born : 
Sarah, Rachel, Eliza, Isaac, Edmund C, iA.mos, 
Charles, Elizabeth, Eber and William. 

Edmund Carrington Warner was born Nov. 16, 
1840, in Hamden, near Hamden Plains. He re- 
ceived but a limited education, and remained on the 
home farm until 1866, being engaged in farming and 
in hauling wood from Hamden to New Haven. 
Succeeding in this work, Mr. Warner was enabled, 
in 1866, to come to North Haven and purchase the 
Col. Blakeslee farm, a tract of seventy-five acres. 
Not possessing the full amount of purchase money 
required, Mr. Warner mortgaged a portion of 
the land and then cut and hauled timber from 
his property, and, in connection with dairying 
and fruit growing, soon paid off the debt, be- 
ing ably assisted by his wife. When he lo- 
cated upon the farm he decided to embark in 
the culture of fruits on a small scale, and be- 
ing very successful he gradually branched out in 
this line, in 1878 purchasing the Chauncey Blakes- 
lee farm of fifty-six acres, which adjoined his 
own. Most of this property Mr. Warner has brought 
into a high state of cultivation, growing fruit and 
berries ; he has about sixty acres in fruit, thirty acres 
of which are in peach trees. So excellent is the 
quality of his products that he took first premium 
with his exhibit at Wallingford, in 1898, and again 
in 1899, his competitors being some of the best 
fruit growers in the State. He has recently added 
fifty acres of land to this farm, one part of which 
is now planted to fruit trees. 

In 1866 Mr. Warner was married to Miss Ves- 
tina- Wooding, of Hamden, daughter of Vinus and 
Jane (Tuttle) Wooding, farming people of that 
town. To this marriage have been born : Wilson, 
who is at home. Herbert, who is a graduate of 
Storrs Agricultural College, and is now residing in 



North Haven ; he married Mattie Colbum, and re- 
sided five years in Battle Creek, }^Iich., where he 
was superintendent of an agricultural institution. 
Alice married Emanuel Snxith, a farmer of North 
Haven. Elton, a typewriter and stenographer, is 
in business in Mexico. Jane, a teacher, was em- 
ployed three years in Battle Creek. Mich., and is 
now at home. 

Mr. Warner is a stanch Republican in f)olitical 
sentiment, was elected selectman in 1888, serving 
four years, and was assessor in 1897 and 1898. So- 
cially he is a charter member of North Haven 
Grange; a charter member of Pomona Grange; a 
member of the State Pomological Society, and in 
all. well known and active. Mr. Warner and his 
family are attendants of the Congregational Church 
of North Haven, and are generous supporters of 
same. By earnest, faithful effort Mr. Warner has 
steadily worked his way to the front, made a place 
for himself among the honored citizens of the town, 
and he has reared a family which does credit to 
his name. 

ORRIN MUNSON is not only one of the en- 
terprising and progressive agriculturists of Ham- 
den, New Haven Co., Conn., but is also one of its 
respected and honored citizens. He was born in that 
town on the farm where Charles H. [Munson now 
lives, July 10, 1832, and there grew to manhood, re- 
maining upon that place until twenty-six years of 
age. The following six years were passed upon the 
farm' just opposite his present home, and at the 
end of that time he moved across the street into 
the house which he had previously erected, and 
which has since been his home. Here he owns fifty 
acres of land, which he has converted into one of 
the finest fruit farms of the town. When he pur- 
chased the place it was a wild and rocky tract of 
land, and all of the improvements found thereon 
have been made by him and stand as monuments to 
his thrift and industry. He has set out orchards 
which now rank among the best in the State, and 
in 1899 ^^ raised between fifteen hundred and two 
thousand bushels of apples, besides peaches and 
other fruit. He also carries on general farming 
and is quite extensively engaged in the wood busi- 
ness, buying tracts of land, the timber from which 
he converts into cord wood. 

In 1858. Mr Munson was united in marriage 
with Miss Mary 'M. Warner, a daughter of Abner 
and Mary Warner, and to them were born three 
children : Clifford IL, a farmer and market gar- 
dener of Hamden. has two children — Hazel A., and 
Yensie ^I. ; Robert A., a farmer, who is now with 
his father in business, has one child — Olive J. ; and 
Nora A., wife of Wilbur Benham, a market g^r 
dener of Hamden. 

Mr. ^lunson gives his political support to the 
men and measures of the Democratic party, but 
takes no active part in politics aside from voting, 
and has never sought or desired office, although 

the highest official positions of the town have been 
offered him. Religiously he is a member of the 
]\Iethodist Episcopal Church. His business inter- 
ests have been so managed as to win him the confi- 
dence of the public and the prosperity which should 
always attend honorable effort, and he is held in 
high regard by all who know him on account of his 
sterling worth. 

REUBEN H. TUCKER, member of the As- 
sembly from Ansonia, is one of the most valued 
citizens of that town, and his influence is felt as a 
potent factor in political, business and social life. 

JMr. Tucker was born in Ansonia Aug. 9, 1847, 
the first boy born after the town was named, and is 
one of the few men who have watched the full de- 
velopment of the place. His family is of good Con- 
necticut stock. His father, Lyman Tucker, was 
born in Oxford in Alarch, 1799, and, after spending 
his early years in farm work, learned the trade of 
ax and auger maker, which he followed there until 
he reached the age of forty. He then removed to 
Ansonia, where he continued this work in the em- 
ploy of David Bassett, but his last years were spent 
in retirement upon a farm, his death occurring in 
1861, when he was aged sixty-two. His wife, 
Mary E. (Hotchkiss). a native of Derby, died in 
1869, aged sixty-four. While residing in Derby 
'they were identified with the Presbyterian Church, 
and later they assisted in organizing the Ansonia 
Congregational Church, and were among its lead- 
ing members. They had two children, but our sub- 
ject is the only one living. 

As a boy ^Ir. Tucker worked at farm work on 
the homestead within the city limits, and he still 
owns several houses on the site. After receiving a 
common school education, he was engaged in brick 
making for a time, and for two years was a clerk 
in the Ansonia Savings Bank. He had already be- 
come prominent in local affairs, and his election to 
the office of clerk of the town of Derby, which then 
included Ansonia, was but the beginning of an ac- 
tive and successful career as an official. He held 
the position named six years, and after the separa- 
i tion of the two towns served four years as town 
I clerk of Ansonia, until 1893, having been re-elected 
nine consecutive times. He was elected and served 
five terms as warden of the borough of Ansonia. 
before it became a city. Mr. Tucker has served 
as justice of the peace twenty years, during which 
time manv cases were submitted to his judgment; 
was tax collector of the borough of Ansonia for 
five years, and for the town and city from 1898 to 
1902 ; and also served some years as school collector 
and assessor. For ten years he was a member of 
the town Republican committee. Our subject was 
elected to the Legislature in 1894, 1896, 1898 and 
1900, to serve until January, 1903. His committee 
work in that body includes service as member of 
the finance committee, in 1895; chairman of the 
committee on fisheries and game, in 1897; clerk of 

i^y , . , .j,B,, ; ya^ , ,e . . ^ ,^ ^jj^ i p ^ , ^l ^^^ ,,j, i m,,p i j , j^yj,j,^y|mp 








the finance committee in 1899; and in 1901, chair- 1 
iitan of tliat committee. His interest in local im- ■ 
nrovcmcnt is shown in many ways, and for eight- ; 
ccn Ncars he has been a director in the Pine Grove j 
Ct-in'ctcry Association, of which, since 1883, he has j 
Ik-cm secretary, treasurer and manager. j 

In iy<^>7 ^Ir- Tucker married !Miss Adelia L. i 
i;.»ii;:hton, a native of Woodbury, and one of three ' 
children of John Boughton, a well-known black- 
Muith. Three children have blessed this union, name- 
Iv : Reufien H., Jr., who became connected with the 
predecessor of the Coe Brass ^^lanufacturing Co., 
and is now a clerk there; Miss Abbie M.; and Aliss 
Jessie B. The family is esteemed socially, and all are 
niembers of Christ Episcopal Crurch. Air. Tucker is 
a 32d-degree, Scottish Rite ^Mason. He was elected 
to a lodge on the first meeting after his twenty- 
first birthday ; is a member of the Veteran 2vIasonic 
Association ; George Washington Lodge, Xo. 82, F. 
& A. M., in which he passed all the chairs ; Mt. Ver- 
non Chapter, Xo. 35, R. A. AL, in which he is past 
high priest ; Union Council, Xo. 27, Derby, in which 
he holds the rank of past thrice illustrious master ; 
the Grand Chapter of the State, in which he is past 
grand high priest ; the Grand Council of the State, 
being a past most puissant grand master; and the 
Xew Haven Commandery. At present he is the rep- 
resentative in the Connecticut Grand Lodge of the 
(irand Lodge of Xebraska ; the Grand Chapter of 
the State of Georgia ; and the Grand Council of the 
State of Xorth Carolina ; is chairman of the com- 
mittee on By-laws in the Grand Chapter of the State 
of Connecticut, and chairman of the committee on 
Ritual, in the Grand Lodge. 

HORACE W. MERCHANT, who entered into 
rest in September, 1880, in Xew York, was for 
many years a well known resident of Xew Haven. 
He was born in the State of Xew York, and there 
learned the blacksmith trade, becoming a very ex- 
pert workman. As a journeyman, he came to Xew 
Haven, Conn., in about 1842, and opened up an es- 
tablishment in his line in this city, continuing in the 
same business until his death. 

In 1845 ^^^- Mercnant was united in marriage 
with Mary E. Thomas, who was born in Wood- 
bridge, a daughter of General Amos Thomas. One 
son was born of this union, Wellington, who mar- 
ried Mary Dagle, of Montreal ; by trade he was an 
expert carriage painter, and followed this trade un- 
til his death at the age of fifty years. 

The paternal grandparents of Airs. Alerchant 
were John and Sarah (Gilbertj Thomas, the former 
• if whom was a successful farmer, and the latter 
was a native of Litchfield, who lived to the advanced 
ape of eighty years. She was the mother of six chil- 
dren (including one pair of twins), and both she 
and all her children have long since passed out of 

den. Amos Thomas, the father of Airs. Aler- 
chant, was reared in Woodbridge, and in 1828, when 

about twenty-five years of age, came to New Haven, 
and opened up a store on Broadway, continuing in 
business there for a number of years. Later he em- 
barked in the carriage business and followed in this 
line for a number of years, but late in life sold this 
and bought a farm near Westbrook, where he lived 
until his death, at the age of seventy-five years. Air. 
Thomas took a great interest in military affairs, and 
when a militia company was formed he entered in 
the ranks and was promoted until he was made a 
brigadier general and had conmiand of all of the 
State militia and was well known and much es- 
teemed. In politics. Gen. Thomas was a very stanch 
Democrat, and acceptably served as chief of the po- 
lice department of the city of Xew Haven, and in 
every situation of life came up to the expectations 
of his friends. He married Lucretia Baldwin, who 
was born in Woodbridge, a daughter of George 
Baldwin, a fanner of that locality, who later moved 
to Huntington, where he died ; his wife died in 
middle age. The children born to Gen, and Airs. 
Lucretia Thomas numbered eleven, these being: 
John, who died in Derby, Conn. ; George, the 
father of a family, lives in Waterbury ; Alary. 
E., the widow of Air. Alerchant : William Wallace, 
a resident on Xorton street, in X'ew Haven ; Fran- 
ces Jane, deceased; Silas Alix, resides in California; 
Sarah L., widow of Edward E. Bowns ; Grace A., 
the widow of Edward Lines, lives in X'ew Haven ; 
Charlotte Adele married Henry W. Alunson, of 
Hamden. The others died in infancy, and the 
mother died in 1879. The father was a consistent 
and worthy member of the Universalist Church. 
Mrs. Alerchant was still young in years when 
her parents came to X'ew- Haven, and she was edu- 
cated in the city schools. She is a lady of winning 
manners and pleasing personality, and enjoys the 
esteem of the residents of this city, her pleasant 
home being at X'o. 289 Dixwell avenue. 

ELIHU HUAIISTOX, a representative citizen 
and successful farmer of Hamden, X'ew Haven 
county, was born Xov. 15, 1820. on the farm where 
he stiil resides, and which was also the birthplace of 
his father, Justus Humiston, it being the home of 
his paternal grandfather, Joseph Humiston. The 
father spent his early life upon the farm, engaged 
in agricultural pursuits, but later turned his atten- 
tion to the carpenter's trade, which he followed for 
some time in X'ew Alarlborough, Alass. While there 
he met and married Aliss Elizabeth Harmon. A 
few vears later he returned to the old homestead and 
took charge of the farm, which he successfully 
operated until called from this life in 1855, at the 
age of seventv-five years. In political sentiment he 
was a Democrat, and he was honored and respected 
wherever known. His wife died in 1848, at the 
age of sixty-two years.- To this worthy couple were 
born six children, and the birth of all occurred on 
the old home farm in Hamden, where our subject 
now resides. Sylvia, the oldest, married Elihu 



Dickerman, and died in August, 1899, when past 
the age of ninety-four years. Eliza married Sydney 
Benham and died in 1889, at the age of seventy- 
three. Harmon is living in Hamden, at the age of 
eighty-three years. Elihu, our subject, is next in 
order of birth. Maria S. is now seventy-seven years 
of age. Austin married Julia Bradley, and died at 
the age of thirty-seven years. 

During his boyhood, Elihu Humiston attended 
the common schools near his home, and assisted his 
father in the operation of the farm until twenty-five 
years of age, when he commenced teaming with 
oxen for the rubber factory at Centerville, and 
Churchill Brothers' auger factory, being thus em- 
ployed for many years doing more of such work 
than any man of his time in Hamden. During this 
time he made his home on the old farm, and when he 
gave up teaming he turned his attention to the dairy 
business upon that place. He has met with marked 
success in this undertaking and was one of the sub- 
stantial and prosperous dairy farmers of Hamden 
until he gave up that work, as well as one of its 
highly esteemed citizens. He is the owner of forty 
acres of land, including the old homestead, which 
consists of twenty-five acres under a high state of 
cultivation and well improved. He is a member of 
the Congregational Church of Whitneyville, and 
his life has ever been in harmony with his profes- 

W. CECIL DURAND, secretary and treas- 
urer of the Milford Savings Bank, is a native of 
Milford, born June 15, 1851, and he belongs to one 
of the oldest and most honored families of that 

William Durand, his grandfather, was born in 
Milford, and he and his wife, Mary Baldwin, were 
both interred in the old Milford graveyard. Of 
the thirteen children of this worthy couple, we have 
record of the following: Calvin (i) died in in- 
fancy; Calvin (2) is mentioned below; William, 
who died in Milford in 1865, was the first Demo- 
crat ever elected to the Legislature from Milford, 
and for many years was prominent in public life, 
serving as judge of probate, town clerk, surveyor 
of the port of New Haven, and as an official in the 
custom house in that city; Nathan L. ; Mason A., 
a merchant, died in Bombay, and was buried there ; 
David H. was a merchant in London under the firm 
name of Durand & Farland, but was buried in Mil- 
ford ; Julia and Charlotte never married ; and Mary 
married Francis Trowbridge, a nurseryman in New 

. Calvin Durand, our subject's father, was bom 
in 1802, at the old homestead in Milford, and died 
in the same house in 1884. In early manhood he 
took a position as a clerk in the commission house 
of Goodhue & Co., No. 64 South street, New York, 
and after serving in that capacity for ten years, Mr. 
Durand became a partner. Seventeen years later 
he assumed the entire business as proprietor, and 

conducted it in his own name twenty-nine years, 
rnaking fifty-six years in all of mercantile life in 
New York City. During this period he carried on 
business with all parts of the world, but for the 
latter part of the time he confined it to Central and 
South America. In politics he was a Democrat, 
being an ardent believer in free trade. He married 
in April, 1847, Miss Sarah Cecil Hunter, of Sa- 
vannah, Ga., a daughter of Col. James Hunter, a 
merchant of that city. Col. Hunter was born in 
Ireland, and his wife, Eliza Cecil, was a native of 
England. Our subject's mother died in June, 185 1, 
leaving W. Cecil, our subject, who was but twelve 
days old when his mother died. 

Although born in Milford, W. Cecil Durand 
spent his boyhood mainly in New York, and on 
completing a course in the schools of that city he 
entered Sheffield Scientific School, Yale College, 
where he was graduated in 187 1. He traveled ex- 
tensively with his father, going abroad three times, 
and in the fall of 1871 he engaged in business with 
him, the firm continuing until 1878 when they sold 
out. On Feb. 12, 1891, Mr. Durand was chosen 
secretary and treasurer of the Milford Savings 
Bank, and since that time the deposits have in- 
creased from $200,000 to about 8295,000. Politi- 
cally he is a gold Democrat, and as representative 
from Milford he served three vears in the Lesfisla- 
ture in 1883, 1884 and 1889. and from 1889 to 1891 
he was one of the State Auditors. He is also treas- 
urer of the Taylor Library, and a member of the 
Society of Colonial Wars. His public spirit has 
been shown in many ways, and he was one of a 
committee of five on the Stone Arch Bridge, built 
in Milford in 1889, to commemorate the 250th an- 
niversary of the settlement of the town. 

On Jan. 15, 1885, Mr. Durand married Eliza- 
beth C. Ford, of Milford, who died Aug. 18, 1888. 
Her father was killed in the Civil war. On June 17, 
1S90, Mr. Durand married Miss Claia Baldwin 

HENRY B. CARTER, late a prominent and in- 
fluential citizen of Wolcott,is a worthy representative 
of an old and honored family of this State. The first 
of the name to come to Connecticut was Jacob Car- 
ter, who was of English descent and came from 
Southold, Long Island, locating in Branford, where 
he spent the remainder of his life as a farmer. He 
was married Dec. 4, 171 2, to Dorcas Tyler, who 
died in 1735. They 'had three chidren: Sarah, bom 
Feb. 4, 1714; Jacob, born Nov. 26, 1716; and Abel, 
bom June 4, 1718. 

Jacob Carter (2) was bom in Branford, and 
when a young man removed to Soiithington, Hart- 
ford county. Upon a farm in the southern part of 
that town he m.ade his home until called from this 
life July 6, 1796, his remains being interred there. 
He wedded Marv Barnes, who was born in 1726, a 
daughter of Stephen Barnes, and died in Southing- 
ton, Oct. 23, 1788. The children born of this union 



were Jacob, May i, 1745; Sarah, Sept. 16, 1747; 
Steplicn, lulv li, I749; Jonathan, May 20, 1751; 
IthicI, Aug. I, 1753; Isaac, May 12, J757; Levi. 
Sept. 23, 1762; and EUhu, baptized ]\Iarch 18, 1759. 
Jacob Carter (3) was born and reared in South- 
iiij^toii, but when a young man located on East 
Miiuntain, Wolcott, New Haven county, being the 
first of the name to take up his residence in that 
town. There he engaged in farming until his death, 
and he was buried in the Wolcott cemetery. His 
wife, who bore the maiden name of Alary Hitch- 
cock, was killed by being thrown from a wagon, at 
JJecket, Mass., in 1818. Their children were Pre- 
serve, born Feb. 24, 1773; Marcus, born July 28, 

1774, removed to Alichigan ; Rhoda, born Nov. 6. 

1775, married Washington Upson; Mary, born Feb. 
16, 1781 ; Uri, born June 15, 1782; and Gains and 
Loami, twins, born Dec. 2, 1785. 

Uri Carter was the grandfather of our subject. 
He spent his entire life as a farmer in Wolcott, and 
was well-known and highly respected throughout 
the town. He married Lue S. Baxter, who died 
March 17, 1867, and he departed this life Feb. 6, 
1835, both being laid to rest in the old Wolcott 
cemetery. In their family were six children, whose 
names and dates of birth were as follows : George 
W., Jan. 18, 181 1 ; Henrv J., Feb. 17, 1813; John 
M., Oct. 2, 1815; Mary'E. (wife of William W. 
Steele), March 12, 1818; L. Salina, Feb. 25, 1820; 
and Cyrus H., Oct. 19, 1822. 

George W. Carter, the oldest of this family and 
the father of our subject, pursued his studies in the 
district schools of Wolcott, but was mostly self-edu- 
cated. While still in his teens he traveled in the 
South, selling clocks, and later engaged in farming 
and stock raising in Wolcott, taking special pride 
in his oxen, steers and horses. He was deeply in- 
terested in public affairs, and was a stanch supporter 
of first the Whig, and later the Republican party. 
He was quite a prominent man of his community, 
and was elected to the State Legislature and Senate, 
to the latter from the Sth district. For manv vears 
he was a deacon in the Congregational Church, and 
also served as clerk and treasurer of the church for 
over twenty years. Upright and honorable in all 
things, he commanded the confidence and respect 
of all with whom he came in contact. He died 
March 3, 1884, and was buried in Wolcott Centre 
cemetery. For his first wife he married Sarah A. 
Bronson, a daughter of John and Hannah (Root) 
Bronson. She was born in Wolcott, April i, 181 1, 
and died March 12, 1S68, being laid to rest in the 
old cemetery. She was a good Christian woman 
and a faithful wife and mother. The father was 
again married. May 10, 1871, his second union be- 
ing with Mary P. 'Baldwin, who was born March 
27, 1823, and died Oct. 9, 1900. Of the six chil- 
dren born to the first marriage, our subject is the 
eldest; Mary M. and Sarah S. (twins), bom Mav 
23, 1842, died Sept. 23, 1894, and Aug. 24. 1866, 
respectively (Mary AL married George Walker 

of Saybrook, Conn.) ; Flannah J., born Jan. 26, 
1844, married Elmer Hotchkiss, and died April 7, 
1900; Frederick W., born Oct. 27, 1845, I'^'^s in 
Wolcott; and Walter S., bom Dec. 3, 1853, died 
May 8, 1855. 

Henry B. Carter was born in Wolcott, Dec. 2, 
1839, and was educated in the district schools. At 
the age of seventeen years he began life for himself 
as a farm hand, working at $13 per month, and later 
located on a small farm, which he successfully 
operated, at the same time engaging in light and 
heavy teaming. In 1895 he located on the Hotch- 
kiss farm — the home of his father-in-law — which 
comprises 187 acres of well-improved land, and en- 
gaged in dairy and general farming, also following 
teaming to some extent, until his death, Feb. 15, 
1900. Mr. Carter always took quite an active part 
in local politics, and was chairman of the Republican 
town committee. He served his fellow citizens in 
the capacity of assessor, road commissioner, super- 
intendent of highways, member and chairman of the 
school board, selectman five terms, and a member of 
the State Legislature in 1883 and 1884, during which 
time he served on several important committees. 
His last term of office as selectman expired Oct. i, 
1899. He was a member of Alad River Grange, 
No. 71, P. of H., and was president of the Wolcott 
Agricultural Society fifteen consecutive years. He 
was a deacon in the Congregational Church, to 
which office he was appointed after his father's 
death. He was a member of the church committee, 
and for many years superintendent of the Sundav- 
school. For seventeen years Deacon Carter was 
superintendent of a Sunday-school in an out-dis- 
trict, and was rarely absent from his post of duty. 
He was a man of industrious and temperate habits, 
popular and highly respected, and took a deep inter- 
est in everything calculated to advance the moral or 
material welfare of his town or county. In i860, 
in Wolcott, Mr. Carter was united in marriage with 
]Miss Mary Rufina Hotchkiss, a native of that town 
and a daughter of Stiles L. and Mary Ann Hotch- 
kiss. By this union was born one child, Charles 
Hotchkiss, a merchant of Wolcott, who died in 1888. 
He married Lois Alcott, and had one child, Sarah 
Lois. Our subject and his wife adopted a daughter, 
Mabel. Mrs. Carter is a lady of character and cul- 
ture, who takes an active and prominent part in 
church and temperance work and is a talented 
writer, contributing many able articles to such papers 
as the New England Homestead, the Connecticut 
Farmer, the Nezii Britain Herald, the IVaterbiiry 
Republican and the IVatcrbury American. 

The Hotchkiss family to which ^Nlrs. Carter be- 
longs was one of the first to locate in New England, 
and the name was originally spelled Hodgkis. The 
first to cross the Atlantic was Samuel Hotclikiss, a 
native of Essex, England, who located in New 
Haven as early as 164 1. On Sept. 7, 1642, he mar- 
ried Elizabeth Cleverly, and died in New Haven, 
Dec. 28, 1663. His children were John, born in 



1643; Samuel, 1645; James, 1647; Joshua, Sept. 16, 
165 1 ; Thomas, Xov. 30, 1654; and David, March 
9> 1657. 

John Hotchkiss, son of Samuel, was married, 
Dec. 5, 1672, to Elizabeth Peck, daughter of Henry 
Peck, of Xew Haven, and died about 1688 or 1689. 
In his family were six children whose names and 
dates of birth were as follows: John, Oct. 11, 1673; 
Joshua, 1675; Joseph. June 3, 1678; Josiah, July 24, 
l68o; Caleb, Oct. 18, "1684; and Elizabeth, julv 18, 

Joseph Hotchkiss, son of John, was born in Xew 
Haven, and when a young man removed to Guilford, 
Conn., where he followed the weaver's trade until 
his death, which occurred July 31, 1740. He was 
married, in April, 1699, to Hannah Cruttendon, a 
native of Guilford and a daughter of Isaac Crutten- 
don, of that place. To them were born seven chil- 
dren, namely: Joseph, born Sept. 3, 1700; Isaac, 
Dec. 25, 1702; Wait, Jan. 18, 1704; Hannah, Sept. 
13. ^707; Deborah, Jan. 18, 1710 (died young); 
Miles, July 28, 171 2 (died young) ; and Mark, July 

I, 1714; " ' 

Wait Hotchkiss, son of Joseph, was born in 
Guilford, and in 1777 removed to Wolcott, where he 
died July 30, 1778, being buried there. He was 
married, Nov. 2, 1730, to Sarah Bishop, of Guil- 
ford, where she died April 24, 1761. In their fam- 
ily were four children: Wait, born Nov. 18, 1733; 
Lois, who was born Oct. 5, 1735, and died May 9. 
1818; Sarah, who was born June 5, 1738, and died 
Feb. 5, 1745; and Selah, born Dec. 24. 1742. 

Wait Hotchkiss, Jr., a son of Wait, removed to 
the town of Wolcott in 1764, and there he followed 
fanning until called from this life in 1799. On 
Oct. 16, 1759. he married Lydia Webster, of Bolton, 
Conn., who died April 12, 1776, and he was again 
married, Oct. 10, 1776, his second union being with 
Deborah Twitchell, who died June 18, 1831. By 
the first marriage there were five children : Joel, 
born Aug. 8, 1760; Lydia, Aug. 28, 1762; Sarah, 
March 27, 1765; Abner, May 24, 1771 ; and a twin 
sister of Abner, who died in infancy. The children 
of the second union were Luther, born Dec. 9, 1778; 
Miles, July 23, 1783 ; and Isaac, Oct. 16, 1787. 

Luther Hotclikiss, son of Wait, Jr., was a life- 
long resident of Wolcott and one of the best known 
citizens of the town. He was a large land owner, 
a well-to-do farmer and a highly respected citizen. 
one who had considerable influence and was a good 
church worker. He was known as Major Hotch- 
kiss. On Xov. 24, 1800, he married Anne Hall, 
daughter of Curtis Hall. She died March 3, 1864, 
and he departed this life April 14, 1863, both being 
laid to rest in Wolcott cemetery. They had five chil- 
dren : Olive Ann, l»rn Xov. 22, 1801, married 
Walter Webb and died in ^leriden, in X'ovember, 
1855: Sarah Elizabeth, born Sept. 24, 1805, married 
Ira Frisl)ie; Lucas Curtis, born Oct. 14, 1807; 
Thomas Gholson, born Feb. 6, 181 1; and Stiles 

Luther, the father of Mrs. Carter, completes the 

Stiles Luther Hotchkiss was born near the cen- 
ter of Wolcott, March 25, 1817, and died Xov. 30, 
1894. He made his home on the farm now occupied 
by our subject's widow, his time and attention being 
given to agricultural pursuits. He was one of the 
strongest supporters of the Congregational Church, 
and was kind and benevolent ; not only in his home 
but in the entire community, was he loved and re- 

He was married, Oct. 12, 1836, to Alary Ann 
Holt, who died Sept. 9, 1863, and on March 3', 1864, 
he married Annis E. Bassett, of Plymouth, Conn. 
He had three children by the first union, namely: 
Alartha Anna, who was born July i, 1837, and died 
Sept. 9, 1842; Mary Rufina, who was born March 
29, 1840, and is now the widow of our subject; and 
Elmer, born March 17, 1846. 

THOMAS PRESTOX, one of the prosperous 
retired business men and property owners of Xew 
Haven, is a native of Ireland, born June 20, 1818, 
in County Fermanagh, a son of Thomas Preston, 
who never came to America. 

Thomas Preston, of whom we write, was the 
only child by his father's second marriage to Sarah 
Kelly. He remained at home upon the farm, at- 
tending school and assisting his parents, until twen- 
ty-one, when he crossed the Atlantic and located in 
St. John's, X'ew Brunswick, where he learned the 
trade of ship carpenter. After serving a portion of 
his apprenticeship there, Air. Preston came to X'ew 
York, later removed to X'ew Orleans, and in 1843 
journeyed to Xew Haven to see a friend. Being 
well pleased with the locality, he settled in the city 
and followed the trade of joiner for several years. 

During the Civil war. Commodore Gregory, a 
friend of Mr. Preston, induced him to locate in Bos- 
ton,' and while there he worked upon the famous 
"Alerrimac." After fifteen months, he went to tiie 
Xew York navy yards, where his skill obtained him 
emplovment for five years, under Admiral Foote. a 
friend of Commodore Gregory. Feeling, however, 
that New Haven suited him better as a place of 
residence, Air. Preston removed to this city, and 
until his retirement followed his trade, working- 
upon ships. Being a man of prudence, he carefully 
saved his earnings and wisely invested in real es- 
tate, which so increased in value as to make him a 
man of means. 

On Xov. 8, 1843, ^^r. Preston was married to 
Aliss Alargaret Bannon, a native of the same county 
as himself, who died Alarch 22, 1889. To this 
marriage were born six children : John died when 
about twenty years old ; Margaret, widow of John 
Waddock, lives in Xew Haven ; Rev. Thomas Pres- 
ton, a Catholic priest, of Thompsonville, Conn. ; 
Joseph, a resident of X'ew Haven, is a real estate 
agent. Charles, of the firm of Preston Bros., dry 

•■•?!^V^:,^•I.;.••,v>T^r^.;^>~/Jfi%■7>Jf■-■^•^'V'.>:^■yT•J;•,( --^^^ ty i'"r;;'.\i'«..^:.t.(fi«;-^ 






gooils, <Iio(l in June, 1886; Mary Catherine is the 
wife of Michael" Loughcry, of New Haven. 

Ill iHiUtics, Mr. Preston is a Democrat. He was 
the tir^t of his nationahty to be put on the poHce 
furcc of New Haven. Religiously he is a member 
«.f St. Patrick's Catholic Church. Pleasant and 
{•cilia! in manner, ]\lr. Preston has made many 
I'ric-iuls, and is highly respected by all who know 
hJMi. He is a remarkably well preserved man, and 
hi> ^o*-)t\ niemor}- and jovial manner together with 
a ready wit, make him an entertaining companion. 
Ho has an extensive acquaintance in the city. 

SOLOMOX MEAD. The Mead family has 
a coat of arms, and the name is of English origin. 
Its members have been known in America since 
1642. and among them have been many distin- 
guished men, who in times past have done much 
toward the development and advancement of their 
lespective localities. The present generation 
worthily represents this old and honorable name. 

The records tell that John Mead located in 
Greenwich, Conn., in 1642, and our subject has 
descended from him through John (2), John (3), 
Ebenezcr, Ebenezer {2), Solomon, Clark and 
Richard. His great-grandfather, Solomon Mead, 
was l)orn in Greenwich, Conn., in 1725, and died 
11; 1812, in South Salem, N. Y. ; he was the first 
pastor of the South Salem church, and remained 
in charge there for forty-eight years. His son 
Clark was born in South Salem, as was also his 
son Richard, the birth of the latter taking place 
Oct. 26, 1795. During the p>eriod of the Revolu- 
tion Rev. Solomon Mead was an eloquent and 
stirring preacher. His first wife was Hannah 
Strong, and his second Hannah Clark. They 
reared a family of five children. 

Clark Mead, the grandfather of our subject, was 
reared on a farm, but was of a mechanical turn 
of mmd, and is said to have made the first practical 
electrical machine in his locality. Undoubtedly 
he was a fine workman. His death occurred Jan. 
8, 1832, when he was aged sixty-three years. He 
married Lois Gilbert, who was born in South 
Salem, N. Y., and died Jan. 21, 1851, at the age 
of seventy-nine years ; she was a consistent mem- 
ber of the Presbyterian Church for more than forty 
years. They reared a family of seven children. 
A relative of the grandfather, also of the name 
of Solomon Mead, was a well-known man in mili- 
tary affairs, and held the position of colonel of the 

Kichard Mead, the father of our subject, was 
reared on the farm in South Salem, N. Y., and re- 
ceived part of the old homestead as his portion. 
lie lived to be over eighty vears of age, and 
tlironirhout life followed farming. For "a num- 
ber of years he held the rank of orderly sergeant 
in the militia, and he was a well-known and highly 
csteeincd citizen, and Xov. 9, 1825, married Han- 
nah Kceler, who was born in South Salem in 1805, 


daughter of Ammi and Phoebe (Strang) Keeler, 
the former of whom lived until about eighty, and 
the latter also reaching that age. They had two 
children, Hannah and Henry. The son became 
one of the leading men of Westchester county, was 
president of the County Agricultural Society, and 
was noted as the introducer into the county of all 
kinds of improved farming machinery ; he died 
at the age of sixty-three. The maternal great- 
grandparents of our subject were Jeremiah and 
Elizabeth (Weed) Keeler. Five sons were born 
to the parents of our subject, all of whom survive: 
Solomon, subject proper of this sketch ; Clark, a 
resident of South Salem, who is engaged in farm- 
ing, contracting and road construction ; Linus, 
president of the Crystal Ice Co., who is mentioned 
elsewhere; Henry, a resident of Xew Haven: and 
Stephen S., residing in South Salem, who for twen- 
ty-live years was the leading man in the fimi of 
Robert B. Bradley & Co., agricultural implement 
dealers, of X'ew Haven. The mother is still liv- 
ing in South Salem, at the age of ninety-seven, 
most remarkably well preserved, and is a beloved 
member of her son's family. Both she and her 
husband became connected with the Presbyterian 
Church about 1832, and she is the oldest member 
of that body. During their earlier years both par- 
ents took a very active part in church affairs. 

Solomon Mead, our immediate subject, was 
bom in South Salem, X". Y., X'ov. 10, 1829, and 
spent his years tmtil he was eighteen, under the 
parental roof. He received his education in the 
I common schools and at the Ridgefield Academy^ 
and then taught school for three winters, in Xew 
Canaan, South Salem and Pound Ridge. Follow- 
ing this experience he went to Albany and entered 
the State University, where he finished the course, 
and in 1852 came to Xew Haven, where for three 
seasons he attended the Scientific Department of 
Yale. His tastes were in the line of agriculture 
and horticulture, and in the fall of that year he 
purchased fifty-two acres of land lying in the west- 
ern suburban part of X"ew Haven, near where he 
still resides. At that time the nearest house was 
nearly half a mile away. Here he engaged in 
raising fruits and vegetables for the Xew Haven 
market, continuing thus until 1863. Mr. Mead has 
always been interested in mechanics, and in 1863 
invented the celebrated conical plow, which he in- 
troduced, and in the manufacture of which he was 
engaged from 1864 to 1879, at which date the 
plant was destroyed by fire. Mr. Mead then sold 
part of his interest to S. E. Olmstead & Co.. of 
Xorwalk, Conn. In connection with his other work. 
he had also dealt to some extent in ice, having or- 
ganized the Crystal Ice Company. 

In 1880 Mr. Mead was called to go to ^[an^- 
field to establish the Storrs Agricultural School, 
the first school of its kind in the State. When 
.\ugustus Storrs offered a farm to the State to 
establish an agricultural school the committee 



came to IMr. Mead to take the position of principal 
and professor of agriculture, and he accepted the 
trust. John M. Hall, now president of the New 
York, New Haven & Hartford R. R., was the 
treasurer of the institution. Thus the foundation 
of the Storrs Agricultural School or College of 
to-day was laid. There were from thirty to forty 
students at first. Mr. Mead returned' to New 
Haven, where a large contract for straightening 
West river was placed in his hands. This work 
required several years, and was accomplished with 
a dredge of his own construction, and which was 
moved by rollers on the surface of the meadow. 
Later he built a floating dredge, which he used 
from 1881, doing an immense amount of work with 
it. In 1900 he sold the dredge, and since then 
has lived somewhat retired from active life. He 
has invented and received patents for five dififerent 
devices, all in the line of his own needs, and he 
has invented other useful things in the line of agri- 
cultural and mechanical appliances. In 1856 Mr. 
Mead built his first house, which he sold, building 
another, which he also sold, coming then, in 1867, 
to his present place, which he has since rebuilt and 
remodeled. Air. ]\Iead has sold almost all of his 
land, which is now covered with residences. 

In January, 1855, Mr. [Nlead was united in mar- 
riage with Elizabeth Chapin Deming, a daughter 
of William Deming, who was born in Derby. His 
last days were spent in New Haven, where he 
died at the age of seventy-five years. Mr. Dem- 
ing married Phebe !Munson, a daughter of Joseph 
K. ]\Iunson, a prominent man in this section, who 
was connected with David Humphrey, who intro- 
duced the culture of sheep in this locality. ]\Irs. 
Deming died at the age of eighty years, at the 
home of our subject. One son, William F., died 
at the age of thirty-five. Mr. and 2\Irs. ^^lead 
had seven children : Franklin Bacon, who died 
aged eight years ; Sophia, who died when five years 
old ; William D., an engineer in the city, who mar- 
ried Anna Price and has two children, Esther E. 
and Kenneth Whitney; Fanny E., who married 
Claudius H. Post, an engineer in New Haven, and 
has one child, Harold Deming; Charles B. and 
George Walker, twins, the latter deceased, the 
former married to 3Iaggie Post (he has been en- 
gaged in various lines ) ; and ]\Iary A., who re- 
sides with her sister in New Haven. The mother 
of these died April 23, 1890, at the age of fifty- 
nine years, and in 1894 Air. Mead married Aliss 
C. Adele Green, daughter of Switzer and Joanna 
R. Green, of Cambridge, New York. 

As a part of his wedding tour and visit, in 
1855. to his native town, South Salem, N. Y., Air. 
Alead gave a course of scientific lectures, embrac- 
ing several on the primary principles of geology, 
and others on the practical application of chemistry 
to the interests of agriculture: and he also gave 
the address at the Westchester County Agricultural 
Society's annual exhibition. While practically 

and especially interested in agriculture, he became 
a life member of the New England Agricultural 
Society. In politics Air. Alead has long been a 
Republican, although in his earlier years, during 
the time it flourished, he favored the Free Soil 
party. He was president of one of the principal 
societies of the Sheffield Scientific School, of Yale. 
In 1854, in connection with others, he started what 
was named the Young Alen's Association, for the 
improvement of young men, much on the order of 
the Y. AI. C. A., which organization continued 
several years. Later he was at the founding of 
the Young Alen's Christian Association, and he and 
his family have always been in sympathy with its 
v.'ork, and prominent in church work. Formerly 
they attended the First Church in New Haven, 
but for the past twelve years have worshipped 
and been connected with the Dwight Place Church, 
in which Air. Alead has long held the office of 
deacon, and has been both Sunday-school teacher 
and librarian, having been identified with some 
religious work ever since his vouth. He is a life 
member of the American Sunday School Union, 
and he 'is a well wisher of all causes for the ad- 
vancement of the human race. 

in New York City Oct. 4, 1825, on the site where 
A. T. Stewart's famous store was built. Losing 
his father when quite young, he remained with his 
mother in the city, receiving a good practical edu- 
cation. In 1850 he removed to Ansonia, Conn., 
and for a few years was associated with Josiah 
Pierce in the manufacture of clock cases. He left 
manufacturing to engage in mercantile business. 
Purchasing a clothing and shoe store, he carried 
on the business alone for a time, and later, as the 
business increased, he built the large store now 
occupied by W. A. Fellows. William D. Galpin 
became his partner, and the business was success- 
fully conducted for several years. Air. Plummer 
retiring and Air. Galpin continuing the business 
until succeeded by W. A. Fellows. Honesty, 
economy, industry and temperance always bring a 
good and honorable harvest. 

Politically Air. Plummer was a Republican, and 
he always took a great interest in the growth and 
prosperity of the town, and was privileged to see 
many improvements during the fifty years of his 
residence here. Naturally of a modest disposition 
he declined to accept public office, but served as 
a member of the town school committee and on the 
board of assessors for several years. Although 
baptized and reared in the Episcopal Church, he 
attended the' Congregational Church, with which 
his family was prominently identified, giving it 
financial support. 

On Oct. 14, 1852, Air. Plummer was married 
to Eugenia H. Ailing, only daughter of Zenas and 
Sarah H. Ailing, a descendant of Roger Ailing, 
in the eighth generation. Two daughters were bom 



of this union, Sarah Dwight and Luella. Mr. 
IMnnnnor departed this life Feb. 2, 1901, and his 
wile joined him in the land that knows no care 
Aug. 15, following. 

Ian. 12, 1826, in Cedar Hill, now part of New 
Haven, and is a son of Dr. Sparrow Warren, of 
llic Aslifield, Mass., family of that name, who were 
in the same line of ancestry as Gen. Joseph War- 
ren, of Revolutionary fame. Dr. Sparrow Warren 
was one of a family of seven children. The eldest 
daughter, Mercy, died at the old home when near- 
ly ninety years old. The youngest son, Lewis 
Warren, died at the age of forty years, but his 
widow survived to the age of ninety-eight, pass- 
ing away Sept. 3, 1901, at the old Warren home. 

Dr. Sparrow Warren was born in Ashfield, 
Mass., and with his elder brother, Joseph, early 
in the century studied medicine at Cummington, 
Mass., under the well-known Dr. Peter Bryant, 
father of the poet, William CuUen Bryant. The 
class comprised six students, who made the jour- 
neys to and from the Doctor's on horseback, over 
the Cummington hills. Dr. Joseph Warren com- 
menced his practice as village doctor at ^Nliddle- 
field, Mass., a few years later returning to his- na- 
tive town, Ashfield, where he continued to follow 
liis profession until late in life, dying at the age of 
eighty-five years. After his graduation Sparrow 
\\ arren removed to New Haven, locating at Cedar 
Hill, in the same neighborhood where his sister, 
Mrs. Jonathan Maltbie, resided; ]\Ir. Alaltbie was 
a brother of Holme Maltbie. the old book pub- 
n>her of New Haven. Dr. Warren followed his 
j)rofession in New Haven and adjacent towns un- 
til his death, March 6, 1836, at the age of forty- 
five. He married Harriet Converse, and they had 
three children, William CuUen, Julia Ann and 
Charles Austin. William Cullen Warren repre- 
sented his district in the ^lassachusetts Legisla- 
ture; he died Alarch i, 1892, at the age of seventy 
years, and his home, iSIaple Grove Farm, passed 
into the possession of his only son. Mrs. Harriet 
(Converse) Warren was the eldest of ten children 
born to Amasa and Sina Converse, of Windsor, 
Mass., and died Feb. 14, 1856, aged fifty-seven 
years. Three of her brothers married Connecticut 
women. Dr. William and Darwin marrying sis- 
ters, members of the old Monroe family of Guil- 
tord ; and the younger, Albert, marrying ]\laria 
^ ale, daughter of Nathaniel Yale (who died in 
Nfw Haven in 1843), ^ great-great-grandson of 
Elihu Yale, of New Haven, through whose gen- 
<.rosity in 1718, by "books and money," Yale Col- 
lege was established. The eldest brother. Dr. 
William Converse, who was the second in order 
of birth in the family, practiced medicine in North 
r.ranford. Conn., until impaired health induced 
him to return to his native State. Albert Con- 
verse engaged in mercantile business in the lower 

part of New Haven, but the coast climate im- 
paired his health, and necessitated his removal 
to an interior town in Massachusetts, where he died 
in middle life; his widow lived to an advanced 
age in Taunton, Mass., where their grandchildren 
still live. The youngest sister, Sarah Walker Con- 
verse, was married Dec. 11, 1850, to Rev. J. Gay 
Dana, a Congregational minister then located in 
Adams, Mass., who preached in Housatonic and 
adjoining towns as supply until his sudden death, 
which occurred June 18, 1899, at Housatonic, 
when he was eighty-seven years old. ]\Irs. Dana 
died Aug. 28, 1895, '" Housatonic, aged seventy- 
four years. Their only son, Stephen Dana, is a 
prominent divine in Philadelphia, where he has 
been settled for over thirty years as pastor of the 
Walnut Street Presbyterian Church. 

Charles Austin Warren received a practical ed- 
ucation, attending the Lancasterian School, of 
which John Lovell was teacher. He also studied 

at the evening sessions, conducted by 


Beckwith, of Almanac fame. Thrown on his own 
resources at the early age of twelve years, he 
worked his way upward until, when twenty-one 
years old, he started in business for himself, open- 
ing a market and dealing in provisions. Some fif- 
teen years afterward he engaged in the real-es- 
tate business. Mr. Warren has been identified with 
the growth and development of his native city, and 
many of the streets along the line of his real-es- 
tate' sales are beautified by trees of his own plant- 
ing. Various religious and secular enterprises 
have been strengthened by his willing response 
if the appeal met his approval. Mr. Warren's 
home place, on the west side of State street, near 
the junction of Middletown avenue and Ferry 
street, contained over forty acres, two-thirds of 
which were sold to S. L. Blatchley and his two 
sons, Mr. Warren retaining his interest. From 
this point on State street the Cedar Hill & New 
Haven Horse Railroad was started, in August, 
1870. Mr. Warren was the second president of 
this road, serving in that office twenty years from 
November, 1870. The directors were P. Foster, 
S. M. Stone, F. Donnelly, W. J. Atwater, S. R. 
Blatchley, Charles Blatchley and C. A. Warren. 
Mr. Warren was the president of this and the 
Whitney Avenue Horse Railroad (which had 
been bought) for over twenty years, at the end 
of which period the road was sold to a Boston and 
New York electric syndicate. Mr. Warren was 
made vice-president and director of this electric 
line, which later was absorbed by the Fair Haven 
Electric Railroad, now (1902) controlling all the 
electric lines in the town. 

On Sept. 9, 1850, Charles Austin Warren mar- 
ried Emeline Curtiss. who was born Dec. 22, 1828, 
a daughter of Philo and Rachel Curtiss. These 
Curtisses are descended from the earliest settlers 
of the name in Stratford, Conn. Two of the fam- 
ily settled in Suffield. Philo Curtiss was born in 



Stratford, the eldest of eleven children, was a 
gunsmith by trade, and died in Hamden Feb. 22, 
1865, at the age of seventy-six. Philo Curtiss was 
a commissioned officer in the war of 1812, and 
his company was stationed on Groton Heights, 
New London. Conn. ; he was granted a pension 
for life, which, on his death in 1865. was remitted 
to his widow, Rachel, and was continued until her 
death in the last decade of the nineteenth century, 
when there were few survivors of that war. ^Irs. 
Rachel Curtiss was born in Hamden, and died in 
East Fair Haven, at the age of ninety-three years, 
a daughter of Timothy and Martha (Turner) 
Potter, and was a descendant on both sides of old 
Colonial stock, the earliest settlers of Ouinnipiac, 
her parents being in the fourth generation from 
the settlers in Xew Haven, in 1635, who were 
signers of the original Plantation Covenant and 
prominent in the early military organizations. Mr. 
and Mrs. Warren had two children: Mina, the 
youngest, died Sept. 8, 1863, at the age of eleven. 
Julia A. became the wife of Rev. Dr. Andrew W. 
Archibald, May 18, 1876. Dr. Archibald, who is 
an author of note, is pastor of the Porter Congre- 
gational Church in Brockton, Mass. His earliest 
work, "The Bible \'erified'' (of which there have 
been several editions), was translated into both 
Spanish and Japanese. His last book, the "Trend 
of the Centuries,'' was dedicated in commemora- 
tion of the fiftieth anniversary of the marriage of 
his wife's parents. Dr. Archibald and his wife 
have three sons, the eldest, Warren, married and 
engaged in mercantile business in Brockton. Alass. 
The other two, Kenneth and Cecil, are students at 
Dartmouth College, in the classes of 1902 and 
1905, respectively. 

Mr. and Mrs. Charles A. Warren have lived 
in or near State street, Xew Haven, all their lives, 
and they have occupied their present residence for 
thirty years. In X^ational politics Mr. Warren is 
a Republican, in local affairs independent. He is 
retiring in manner, genial and companionable by 
nature, domestic in his habits, catholic in sympa- 
thies for fellow men. and firm in opinion, and now 
as the years advance he enjoys the well earned re- 
pose of a life of industry. 

FREDERIC WILCOX (deceased), who was 
for a long time in business as a druggist in the 
Apothecaries Hall Co., at Waterbury, was born 
June 26, 1844, in Portland, Conn., and died April 
7, 1897. 

Horace Burt and Flavia C. (Mcintosh) Wil- 
cox, his parents, lived in Portland, and there young 
Frederic spent the first fourteen years of his life, 
attending school, and making a fair start in educa- 
tional matter^;. At that age he came to Water- 
bury, where he grew up in the family of his uncle. 
Dr. Henry F. Fish, the manager of the Apothe- 
caries Hall Co. Here he finished his general 
studies, and at the Xew York Pharmaceutical Col- 

lege prepared himself for a career as a chemist, 
spent a little time in the Waterburv Apothecaries 
Hall Co., and then went to Xew York. From there 
he went on a trading expedition to Xew Granada, 
South America and went up and down the Atrato 
river, gathering ivory, nuts and rubber from the 
natives, shipping samt to the companv in Eng- 
land; he continued thus about five years'. In 18O9 
Air. Wilcox came back to Portland, Conn., where 
he spent some time in the recuperation of his 
health, which was badly shattered. He then en- 
tered the employ of the Scovill Alanufacturing 
Co., in Waterbury, as chemist, and remained with 
them about a year. Returning to Apothecaries 
Hall, he was instrumental in establishing the laro-e 
wholesale business of that concern, and at the time 
of his death was its manager and secretary. 

On May 2^, 1871, Mr. Wilcox married Lucy 
Hodges, who was born in Torrington, Conn., a. 
daughter of Levi and Delia C. (Drake) Hodges, 
of Winchester, Conn., the former of whom, a farm- 
er at Torrington, died in i860; the latter is still 
living. After their marriage Air. and Mrs. Wil- ' | 
cox settled in Waterbury, where they lived until \ 
his death. They reared a' family of three children : I 
William H. is a chemist with the Benedict & Burn- ' 
ham- Alanufacturing Co. ; Levi is in the Apothe- 
caries Hall Co. as a clerk; Alice M. is at home. 
Mr. Wilcox was a Republican, served as council- 
man for one year, and always took an active part 
in all matters of public interest. He was one of 
the leading citizens of his day. He was State \ 
chemist for several years, and a man of consider- i 
able prominence in the business world. Fraternally 
he was a Freemason and an Odd Fellow, being 
connected with the local lodges of these orders at 
Waterbury. He was a member of the old Scien- 
tific Society, was prominent as a chemist, and his 
judgment was always highly valued and almost . 
invariably correct. For many years he was sec- 
retary of the Pharmaceutical Association. The 
family attend the Second Congregational Church. 

The ancestry of the subject of this biography reaches 
back to Holland and Scotland. Grandfather Coe 
Hendrick was born in Compo. Westport, Conn., and 
later removed to X'ew Haven where he died. He 
served his country in the Revolutionary war both on 
land and on sea. Joel Dennis Hendrick, his son, 
was born in X'^ew Haven, and married Maria Mc- 
Duel, a native of Stamford, Conn., whose father was 
lost at sea. The McDucl family came from Scot- 
land. Joel Dennis Hendrick and wife reared a 
family of nine children : John McDuel, now living 
a retired life in Xew Haven; Caroline married Ed- 
ward McXeil. and is deceased ; William D. resides 
in X"ew Haven ; Maria married X'orris B. Mix. a 
prominent resident of Hamden, Conn. ; Eliza mar- 
ried L. A. Dickinson, of Hartford, and is deceased r 
Joel, deceased ; Mary married William Stuart, and 





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both are deceased ; Charles B., is a resident of New 
Haven; Albert Cushman. ]Mr. Hendrick was a 
shoemaker by trade, and followed that occupation 
all his life. A good and pious man, he was one of 
the founders of the First Baptist Church, in New 
Haven, the first meeting being held under his roof. 
Both he and wife died in New Haven. 

Albert Cushman Hendrick was born March 7, 
1833, was reared in New Haven and attended the 
old Lancasterian school of that city. After leaving 
school he learned the coach trimming trade, serving 
an apprenticeship and then went to }vlemphis, Tenn., 
where he remained one year, when he returned to 
New Haven. Until i860 he was employed contin- 
uously at his trade, but the outbreak of the Civil 
war caused a change in his future. At this time 
Mr. Hendrick was twenty-seven years old, and for 
five years he had belonged to the New Haven Grays. 
He enlisted with them for service for three months 
in the 2d Conn. V. I., serving as first sergeant. A 
commission as first lieutenant was tendered him by 
Gov. Buckingham in Company C, of the 12th Conn. 
V. I., and this he accepted, and with his regiment, 
the first to arrive at New Orleans, ser\'ed in the De- 
partment of the Gulf for nearly two years. In No- 
vember, 1863, he was promoted to be captain of 
Company E, same regiment. On Sept. 19, 1864, he 
was wounded at the battle of Winchester, Va., his 
regiment having been sent North into the Shenan- 
doah Valley under Gen. Sheridan. Capt. Hendrick 
was mustered out of service in December, 1864, 
by reason of the expiration of his term, and returned 
to New Haven. 

On July 24, 1865, Capt. Hendrick was appointed 
chief of the fire department of the city of New 
Haven, having been one of its efficient officers pre- 
vious to the war, and continued in the office until 
Feb. I, 1892, when the position of general inspector 
of the National Board of Fire Underwriters was 
offered him, which he accepted, holding that position 
for two and one-half years. He resigned on ac- 
count of the travel the office required, the business 
extending from Maine to Texas. Upon his retire- 
ment from the fire department, with which he had 
so long been associated, he received many valuable 
testimonials from the fire department, the city, and 
from private citizens, one of these being in the form 
of a book with four hundred autographs of the city's 
most prominent citizens, the work on which valuable 
testimonial was done by Tiflfanv, at an expense of 

In 1869 Capt. Hendrick was chosen as command- 
ant of the New Haven Grays, Cempany "F," Conn. 
National Guard, serving as such for six years, when 
ke was promoted to the office of brigade adjutant, 
with rank of lieutenant-colonel, serving efficiently in 
that capacity for the two following yeaVs. In the fall 
of 1894 ^[r. Hendrick was honored by his fellow- 
citizens with election as mayor of the city of New 
Haven, serving two years. Although the city is 
considered Democratic by 2,500, Mr.Hendrick was 

elected by 1,700 majority, thus proving the confi- 
dence and esteem in which he was held by the whole 

Mr. Hendrick has been prominently identified 
with many of the public enterprises in New Haven 
since the Civil war. In 1872 he was one of the 
founders of the National Association of Fire Engin- 
eers, serving as its president for one year and as its 
treasurer for fourteen years. During his adminis- 
tration as mayor of the city many needed improve- 
ments were carried out and the city was well man- 
aged as to its government and finances. Frater- 
nally he is connected with the Masons, Wooster 
Lodge, No. 79; City Lodge, No. 36, I. O. O. F. ; 
and is a charter member of Admiral Foote Post, No. 
17, G. A. R. He is also a member of the Military 
Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States-, 
Commandery of the State of New York, and also 
of the Army and Navy Club of Connecticut. 
During the many years that Mr. Hendrick has been 
before the public his services have been efficiently 
and cheerfully given, and in his native city he is 
deservedly esteemed. ^ 

gressive farmer of Branford, was born June i, 1823, 
On what is known as the Samuel Beach homestead, 
in the borough of Branford. Tradition has it that 
the family came from England, and settled in Gill. 
Mass. The name was originally spelled "Horsley," 
and that spelling is still retained by certain branches 
of the family. 

Loring -Dwight Hosley, the father of Benjamin 
A., was a native of Vermont, and about 181 5 came 
from Gill, Mass., to Branford, where he worked for 
a time at blacksmithing and moulding, and later at 
farming, in 1827 coming into possession of the 
farm on which his son Benjamin is now living, and 
where he died in 1855, at the age of fifty-five years. 
He married Anna Aritta, daughter of Samuel Beach, 
of Branford, who married a lady named Barker. 
Samuel Beach was a son of Samuel and Anna 
(Sheldon') Beach, the former a son of Elnathan and 
Lydia (Hamilton) Beach. Elnathan Beach was a 
son of David, a grandson of Nathaniel, and a great- 
grandson of John Beach, the emigrant, who settled 
in New Haven in 1647. The children of Loring D. 
and Anna A. (Beach) Hoslev were: William B.; 
Benjamin Adolphus ; Mary, who married Clark Bur- 
well ; Charlotte, wife of Elisha Ludington ; Melin- 
tha ; David B. ; George T. B. ; Abigail, wife of 
Elizur Johnson; and Thaddeus. 

Benjamin A. Hosley was reared on the farm, 
and with the exception of fifteen years which he 
spent in East Haven he has made Branford his 
home. He received a good common-school educa- 
tion, and was reared to farming. Mr. Hosley was 
married April 2, 1849, to Lois Ward, a daughter of 
William and Judith (Shepard) Ward, residents of 
\'ermont. This union has been blessed by the birth 
of the following children: Benjamin Forest; Anna 



M., now Mrs. George \\. Dorev; Judith M.; Carrie, 
Mrs. George W. McClure; John" H. ; WiUiani H., | 
and Edward K. 

BENJAMIN Forest Hoslev, the eldest son of our 
subject, was born in East Haven Aug. i, 1852. 
Reared at East Haven and in Branford, he received 
a good common-school education, and learned the ; 
carpenter's trade, beginning his apprenticeship at 
the age of ei^jhteen. In Branford he had his first 
building contract, the erection of a bakery, and since 
that time he has led a successful career as a con- 
tractor and builder in that city. In 1891 he put up 
the four-story building known as the Hosley block. 
In the upper three stories of this building is con- 
ducted the "Deleven Hotel," which is pronounced 
the leading hotel of the place. He has successfully 
carried out a large number of other important build- 
ing contracts, including many private buildings in 
Branford and adjoining regions. Besides his home 
in Branford ]Mr. Hosley owns several buildings in : 
that place, as well as a cottage at Sunset Beach, In- 
dian Neck. ■ j 

Mr. Hosley has been married twice, his first wife ; 
being Idella Pond, of Branford, who died Jan. 5, \ 
1893. His second wife to whom he was married I 
Jan. 17, 1895, was Louisa A. Zink, daughter of Dr. , 
Walter and Carrie Zink, of Branford. Bv this 1 
union he has two children, Carrie and Flora. 1 

Mr. Hosley is a member of Woodlawn Lodge, 
No. 39, K. of P., and also belongs to the K. H., the 
N. E. O. P. and the Woodmen of the World. In 
politics ht has taken an independent position, and 
on the strength of his personal character and well- 
known business ability was elected warden of Bran- 
ford in 1900. 

FREDERIC B. HOADLEY, a retired business 
man of Waterbury, was born in Sheffield, Mass., 
Sept. 30, 1839, the eldest of a family of four chil- 
dren born to Henrv H. and Jane (Callender) Hoad- 

Hial Hoadley, grandfather of our subject, was a 
farmer in Naugatuck, Conn., and was in all likeli- 
hood born in that tow^n. He married Sena Benham, 
and they at once settled on a farm in Naugatuck, 
where were born to them four children, in the fol- 
lowing order: Henry H., father of Frederic B.; 
Mary, w^ho married John Coe, the proprietor of a 
tannery at Beacon Falls, Conn.; Augusta, who was 
married to Isaac Coe, superintendent of the Amer- 
ican Pin Co. at Waterbury at the time of his death ; 
and Eben, deceased, who was a lumber dealer in 
Waterbury, and had been a yard superintendent for 
many years. 

Henry H. Hoadley was born in Naugatuck Aug. 
19, 1816, and was reared in Sheffield, to w^hich place 
he had been taken when ten years of age. He be- 
came a farmer and surveyor. To his' marriage with 
Jane Callender. who was born in Sheffield, daughter 
of Aaron and Nancy ( Keep) Callender, were born 
four children, towit: Frederic B., the subject of 

this sketch ; Mary E., who became the wife of A. N. 
Cowles. of Sheffield; George A., who is a professor 
of physics in Swarthmore College, Pennsylvania ; 
and Alfred H., a physician in Northampton, Mass. 
The father of this family died in Sheffield. Sept. 6, 
1880, and the mother survived until Feb. 7, 1891. 

Frederic B. Hoadley remained on the Sheffield 
farm until twenty years of age, and was educated in 
the meantime in the district and high schools. On 
March 12, 18G0, he came to Waterbury from Massa- 
chusetts and entered the American pin factory, 
where he remained twenty-four years, working up 
to the responsible position of foreman of the stick- 
ing department. In 1884 he ventured into the fire 
insurance business. Some time afterward he was 
appointed foreman of the pin department in the 
Plume & Atwood factory, but did not relinquish his 
insurance interests, and for twelve years continued 
in both. Ahout that time Air. Floadley was ap- 
pointed president and treasurer of the Washburn 
Manufacturing Co., which position he filled with 
consummate ability until called upon by the New 
England Pin Co., at Winsted, who wanted an expert 
to aid in the sticking department and otTered the 
position to Mr. Hoadley. He -accepted and held the 
situation eighteen months, at the end of that time 
retiring to Waterbury to care for his rents and other 
private interests. 

On Jan. i, 1867, Mr. Hoadley married Miss 
Elizabeth C. Cowles, a daughter of Corral Cowles, 
of Sheffield, and they have had five children, viz. : 
Carroll, who died in infancy; Mary L., who also 
died young; Henry A., w^ho is a teller in the Fourth 
National Bank of Waterbury ; Bessie N., still under 
the parental roof; and Aliriam G., who passed away 
at a very early age. 

Mr. Hoadley has always taken an active and 
deep intereft in religious and fraternal societies. In 
i860 he joined the Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation, of which he was treasurer for many years 
and president one year. He was treasurer of the 
First Congregational Benevolent Contributions for 
thirty years, and in 1889 was elected a deacon of 
the church. He is a member of the A. O. U. W., 
for two years in succession was master workman, 
has filled all the offices, and was for eight years 
financier. He is also a member of the Royal Arca- 
num, and has been or is prominent in work in all 
these orders and societies. In politics he is a Re- 

; publican. 


BOOTH. Throughout the la^ century the 
name of Booth has been prominent in the com- 

i mercial world of New Haven, and in his day for 
fiftv vears no man in the city's history stood 
higher in business circles than Nathaniel Booth, 

j whose name is still identified with the business he 

j established and built up. Some of his descendants 
and their families allied by marriage are still resi- 

] dents of the city. 

I The Booth family is an old and prominent one 



in Xcw Kni^laiul. Tradition has it that three 
hmtluTs, sons of Richard Booth, of Cheshire, Eng- 
land, canio to New England between 1630 and 1640, 
landin" at Xew Haven. Richard, the eldest, set- 
tled in Stratford, Conn., in 1640, one year after the 
.•settlement of that town; John settled in Southold, 
i,. I.; and the younger brother went to the North. 
(Jf these, Richard was the progenitor of many of 
the Conr.ecticut Booths. His father, says tradition, 
was the fifth son of Sir William Booth, Knight, 
who dieil and was buried in Bowdon, Cheshire, 
England, in September, 1578. Richard Booth, son 
of Sir William Booth, and the father of the three 
brothers who came to America, died in December, 
1628. Richard Booth, of Stratford, Conn., mar- 
ried Elizabeth, sister of Capt. Joseph Hawley, who 
was the first town clerk of Stratford, in 1640, and 
the ])rogenitor of a numerous family. Richard 
Bootli's name appears often in the town records of 
his day as townsman or selectman and in other 
commissions of office and trust. He had a large 
estate. He was probably twice married, his first 
wife being the mother of his children, who were: 
Elizabeth, Anne, Ephraim, Ebenezer, John, Jo- 
soph, Bethiah and Joanna. The last mention of 
Richard r.ooth extant is in ^larch, 1688-89, when 
lie was in his eighty-second year. 

X.\TH.\xii:[. l')0(jTii, of Xew Haven, was born 
in Stratford, Conn., and with his family removed 
to W'tKxlbury at the age of two years. His line 
from Richard is through (H) Joseph, (HI) James, 
(I\') James (2). and (V) Hezekiah. (IV) James 
Booth was a soldier in the Revolutionary war. He 
formed a company at the time of Tryon's invasion, 
ami the Historical Society at Bridgeport has his 
pay-roll. Miss Booth, the daughter of our subject, 
has a photograph copy of same. \M-iile yet in his 
'teens Xathaniel Booth came from Woodbury to 
Xew Haven, entering as a clerk the drug store of 
Xathaniel Lewis, in Chapel street, where stands the 
Lewis building, and there he obtained a thorough 
knowledge of pharmaceutics. He finally embarked 
in the drug business for himself in 1825, and, as- 
sociated with the late John Bromham. established 
the well-known firm of Booth & Bromham, in 
State street, which continued until dissolved March 
5- 1847, ^Ir. Booth continuing the business until 
January, 1849, when he was burned out. Upon the 
old site he erected a brick building, which later he 
rented to Cowles & Leete, to whom he sold the 
drug business. He then built on the corner of 
< Hive and Water street, where he carried on the 
manufacture of varnish, to which he gave his close 
per-onal attention, soon winning for this commod- 
ity an extensive sale. The output from his estab- 
i^liuKMit stood high, and ranked among the stand- 
rrd products of the kind throughout the country. 
Mr. i'.ooth was a man of great energv and industry, 
and applied himself continuouslv to active business 
I«jng after he had reached the meridian of life. 
Durnig the latter years of his active life he asso- 

ciated with him in the business his sons, Xathaniel 
and Lewis, under the firm name of X. Booth & 
Sons. Later Lyman M. Law was taken into tlie 
partnership, the firm becoming Booth & Law, un- 
der which name the business is still carried on. He 
was a most excellent citizen, a man of the strictest 
honor and integrity, one whose business career fur- 
nishes an excellent example for the young man. 
He was a regular attendant and member of the 
Trinity Church, in which he was a vestryman, and 
gave liberally to church and benevolent work. He 
was a Freemason in his earlier years, but although 
Kindly to all and sociable in disposition, was most 
attracted bv home life. He was a man of large 
physicjue, and a typical gentleman of the old school. 

On Alay 8, 1825, Mr. Booth was married to | 
Ann Bromham, sister of John and daughter of 1 
Capt. John Bromham, a sea captain, who was bont > 
in Bristol, England. He died Feb. 26. 1866, aged 
S'i-xty-nine years, and his wife passed away iNIarch 
27, 1880. Their remains rest in Evergreen ceme- 
tery. Their children were : x\nna, who married 
Lyman 'SI. Law; X'athaniel, who was in business 
with his father, and died in 1858; Lewis, who was 
also engaged in business with his father, and died 
in 1875; Julia; Emily Bromham, who died m 1896; 
John; John (2) ; and Alary Lewis, of Xew Haven, 
Conn. Julia and Mary Lewis are the only sur- 
vivors. They reside in the old homestead, which 
was built in 1800, and bought by Air. Booth in 
1844. Both sisters are members of the D. A. R. 

DAVID L. DURAXD, for many years a well- 
known and highly esteemed citizen of Derby, was 
born in Birmingham, Oct. 18, 1841, and is a worthy, 
representative of one the honored old families 
of Xew Haven county. Among both his paternal 
and maternal ancestors we find the- names of many j 
associated with positions of trust and responsibil- 
ity, both in church and State. They were well rep- 
resented in the Revolutionary army. His great- 
great-grandfather and four sons, among them the 
great-grandfather of our subject, were in that 
army and did good service for their country. They 
were also represented in the second war with Great 
Britain in 1812. 

David Durand, our subject's paternal grand- 
father, was born in 1790, and engaged in farming 
throughout life. He married Alaria Leavenworth, 
a native of the town of Huntington, Fairfield Co., 
Conn., and a daughter of Edmund Leavenworth. 
By this union were born four children, namely : 
William L.. father of our subject; Elizabeth M.. 
wife of Xelson M. Beach, now of Derby; Martha, 
wife of Eli Xichols, of Bridgeport, Conn. ; an;i 
Frederick, who has been a teacher for many years, 
and lives in Shelton, Connecticut. 

William L. Durand was born in this county ;n 
1814, and in early life went to Xew Haven, wj-.ere 
he learned the harness maker's trade, which he sub- 
sequently followed in Derby, but was finally obliged 



to give it up on account of ill healtli. He worked 
in various places, but in i860 returned to Derby, 
where he died May 2, iSyS. In 1838 he married 
Miss Ruth Coe, who was born in iieacon Falls, 
Conn., in 18 17, a daughter of John Allen and Grace 
Coe. Her father was born in Derby in 1792, and 
was a son of John Coe, Jr., a resident of that town, 
and a grandson of John Coe, who came to this 
county from Stratford, Conn. Mrs. Durand died 
Dec. 10, 1900. She was the mother of four chil- 
dren: (ij Mary, who died Feb. 2~, 1856, at the 
age of sixteen years. (2) David L. is our subject. 
(3) Cynthia J. died Feb. 25, 1856, at the age of 
ten years. (4) William F. was born in 1859, and 
was graduated at the Annapolis Xaval Academy in 
1880, second in a class of about eighty ; he served 
for ten years in the navy and then went to Lansing, 
Mich., where he was a professor in the State Agri- 
-cultural College for a time. After going abroad 
he was made professor of naval architecture and 
marine engineering at Cornell University, with 
which he has now been connected for about seven 
years. He married Aliss Charlotte Kneen, who is 
of English descent. 

When only a year old David L. Durand was 
taken by his parents to Beacon Falls, and in that 
place and Xew Haven he grew to manhood. He 
completed his education in the Naugatuck high 
school at the age of eighteen years, and then served 

j an apprenticeship to the machinist's trade in the 
Farrell Foundry and Machine Co., of Ansonia, 
Conn., where he remained a year and a half. In 

i September, 1861, he enlisted in the loth Conn. 

; V. I., and was stationed along the coast much of 
the time he was in the army. Being a skilled ma- 
chinist, his services were valuable to the govern- 
ment, and for a time he had charge of a repair shop 
for a military railroad at Xewbern, X. C. He was 
in active service on Morris Island, when Fort 
Sumter was reduced by the Union army, in 1863. 
He was wounded at Drury's Blul¥ ]\Iay 14, 1864, 
and on the expiration of his term of enlistment was 
honorably discharged in September of that year. 
Returning Xorth, he located in Waterbury, Conn., 
where he was identified w"ith the brass business un- 
til 1884, and then came to Derby, being made gen- 
eral superintendent of the Osborn Cheeseman 
Brass Works. Upon the organization of the Bir- 
mingham Brass Co. he was made secretary, treas- 
urer and general manager, which position he held 
for five years, and under his able management the 
business steadily prospered. He left that company 
when the plant came into the possession of other 
parties, and for a time held a responsible position 
with the Coe Brass Mfg. Co., of Ansonia. In Oc- 
tober, 1 90 1, Mr. Durand and family removed to 
Los Angeles, Cal., where they now reside. 

In 1869 Mr. Durand married Miss Caroline S. 
Bishop, who died in 1883, leaving no children. For 
his second wife he married Miss Mary W. Cheese- 
man, of Derby, by whom he has one child, Georgia 

C. George Weeks Cheeseman, the father of Mrs. 
Durand, was born in Xew York in 1822, a son of 
George Cheeseman, also a native of Xew York, 
who died when his son was a mere child. The lat- 
ter continued his residence in Xew Y'ork until six- 
icen years of age, when he came to Stratford, Conn., 
and completed his education iu the schools of that 
l-'lace. Subsequently he served as bookkeeper for 
Edward X. Shelton, of Birmingham, for two years, 
and then engaged in the dry-goods and grocery 
business with John W. Osborn, under the firm name 
of Osborn & Cheeseman. They also manufactured 
hoop skirts, etc., and later engaged in the brass 
busmess, erecting factories at Shelton and An- 
sonia. In politics Mr. Cheeseman was a Republi- 
can. He died in 1891, aged sixty-eight years. He 
was a leader in the work of the M. E. Church, was 
liberal to the poor, and always interested in prac- 
tical benevolences. Air. Cheeseman married Sarah 
A. Durand, a sister of Charles Durand, of An- 
i sonia, and to them were born four children : ]\Iary 
I \V., wife of our subject; George H., who died at 
\ the age of twenty-five years ; Charles D., who re- 
j sides in Los Angeles, Cal.; and Wilbur P., who 
j died in infancy. 

j The Republican party finds in Mr. Durand a 

' stanch supporter of its principles, and during his 

residence in Waterbury he was a prominent and 

mfluential member of the town committee for 

many years. He was also master of Harmony 

' Lodge, F. & A. M. ; eminent commander of Clark 

j Commandery, Xo. 7, K. T. ; and is an honored 

; member of the Grand Army of the Republic. 

; Among the prominent dairy farmers and worthy 
j citizens of Waterbury, Xew Haven county, none 
I stand higher in public esteem than the gentleman 
I whose name introduces this sketch. He was born 
i in the town of Prospect, this county, Aug. i, 1833, 
i and belongs to one of the oldest and best families of 
the X'^augatuck Valley. The name has been various- 
ly spelled Hodge, Hoskins, Hodgkins and Hotch- 

Samuel Hotchkiss, of Essex, England, the 
founder of the family in America, and supposedly 
the brother of John Hotchkiss, who settled in Guil- 
ford, Conn., was one of the first to locate in Xew 
Haven, where he spent the remainder of his life, 
dying there Dec. 28, 1663. He was married in the 
X'ew Haven Colony, in 1642, to Elizabeth Cleverly, 
and thev had six children, namely: John, born in 
1643, _ married Elizabeth Peck; Samuel, born in 
1645, married Sarah Talmadge ; James, born in 
1647, ti'cd unmarried; Joshua, born Sept. 6, 165 1, is 
• mentioned below ; Thomas, born Aug. 31, 1654, mar- 
! ried Sarah Wilmot : and Daniel, born June 8, 1657, 
married Esther Sperry. 

Ensign Joshua Hotchkiss, son of Samuel, was 
born in X'^ew Haven, and became one of the leading 
men of that colony, where he spent his entire life, 

^UJUjJz^ tS P^ ^y^^tUa 



dving' at a ripe old age. On Nov. 27, 1677, he 
wedded Alary Pardee, and they had seven children, 
whose names and dates of birth were as follows : 
Mary, April 30, 1679; Stephen, Aug. 12, 1681 ; Mar- 
tha, Dec. 14, 1683; Priscilla, Dec. 30, 1688; Abigail, 
Oct. 12, 1695; and Thankful and Jesse, twins, Jan. 
15, 1701. Alartha married Thomas Brooks and set- 
tled in Cheshire, Connecticut. 

Deacon Stephen Hotchkiss, son of Ensign 
Joshua, was bom in Xew Haven, and from there re- 
moved to what is now Cheshire, then W'allingford, 
in 1706. He was deacon of the church at that place 
for thirty-one years, and was quite prominent in the 
affairs of the town. He died there Alarch 5, 1755, 
and was buried in Cheshire cemetery. On Dec. 12. 
1704, he married Elizabeth Sperry, daughter of John 
Sperry, and to them were born twelve children : 
Joshua, born Nov. 26, 1705; Elizabeth, born Feb. 
15, 1707, and died young; Mary, born July i, 1708, 
married Dr. Nathan Burns ; Hannah, born Jan. 10, 
1710, married Stephen Atwater; Elizabeth, born 
Feb. 18, 1712; Gideon, born Dec. 5, 1716; Stephen, 
born Dec. i, 1718; Silas, born Xov. 22, 1719; Han- 
nah, born Feb. 23, 1722; Bathshua, born Sept. 7, 
1726; Benjamin, born Feb. i, 1728, married Eliza- 
beth Roiberts ; and Xoah, born Xov. 24, 1731, died 
Jan. 13, 1760. 

Deacon Gideon Hotchkiss, son of Stephen, was 
born and reared in the town of Cheshire, and when 
a young man moved to what is now Prospect, then a 
part of W'aterbury, where he bought a tract of land 
and engaged in farming throughout the remainder of 
his life. He was quite prominent, and was one of the 
best known citizens of the X'augatuck valley. He 
was deacon of the church at Salem, now Xauga- 
tuck, of which he was one of the organizers, and 
was also one of the principal men who founded the 
Congregational Church at Prospect, then Columbia, 
of which he was deacon for many years, serving in 
that office from 1783 to 1807. He was ensign in 
the French and Indian war under Capt. Edward 
Lewis, and was promoted to the rank of lieutenant. 
During the Revolutionary war he was captain of a 
company in the Continental army. He died Oct. 
3, 1807, at the age of ninety-one years, leaving 105 
grandchildren, 155 great-grandchildren, and four 
great-great-grandchildren. On June 16, 1737, he 
married Anne Brockett, daughter of John Brockett, 
of Cheshire, then a part of Wallingford. By this 
union were born thirteen children : ( i ) Jesse, born 
Oct. 9, 1738; (2) David, born April 5. 1740, was 
the great-grandfather of Berkley S. Hotchkiss, men- 
tioned elsewhere in this volume; (3) Abraham, who 
was born May 3, 1742, and died the same day; (4) 
Abraham, our subject's' grandfather, born March 
25, 1743; (5) Gideon, born Dec. 31, 1744, wedded 
Alary Scott, and died Jan. 6, 1819; (6) Hulda, who 
was born June 2"/, ly^J, and married Joseph Payne ; 
(7) Anna, who was born Oct. 22, 1749, and married 
Reuben Williams; (8) Amos, born Xov. 24, 1751, 
(his grandson Julius Hotchkiss, born July 11, 1810, 

married Malissa, daughter of Enoch Perkins, of 
Oxford, Conn. Julius was the original manutac- 
turer of suspender webbing in W'aterbury, and the 
first mayor of W'aterbury, and afterward removed 
to Middletown) ; (9) Submit, who was born June 
2. 1753. and married David Payne; (10) Titus, born 
June 26, 1755; (11) Eben, Dec. 13, 1757; (12) 
Ashel, Feb. 15, 1760; and (13) Benoni, July 27, 
1762. The mother of these children died Aug. i, 
1762, and on Feb. 22, 1763. the father married Mabel 
Stiles, daughter of Isaac Stiles, of Woodbury, 
Conn. She died Sept. 3, 1807. By the second mar- 
riage there were seven children: (i) Mabel, who 
was born Alay 23, 1764, and married Chauncey 
Judd; (2) Phebe, born Aug. 29, 1765; (3) Han- 
nah, who was born Oct. 14, 1766, and died Xov. 26, 
1766; (4) Stiles, born April 31, 1768; (5) Olive, 
Nov. 21, 1769; (6) Millicent, Alay 16, 1771 ; and 
(7) Amzi, July 3, 1774. Jesse, a son of Gideon, was 
also a soldier of the French and Indian wars, and 
the following letter was written to him by his fa- 
ther while in the service : 

Saratoga, N. Y., Aug. 16, 1757. 
My Dear Son: 

After my tender regards to you, hoping these lines may 
find you in good health as I am at present, and so was your 
mother and brother and sisters and all your and our friends 
when I came from home. 

You will hear the melancholy news of our fort. 

I understand you were well the last I heard from you 
and of the welfare of all our friends. Give my love to 
Lieut. Beebe and Col. Weed, and tell Col. Weed that I 
would not have him send me any letter but what he is will- 
ing every one should see, for they break almost all open that 
come. You will hear the reason of our being here. 

I have not time to write for the men are now agoing 
and so I must conclude with a word of advice to you 
beseeching of you to seek of Him that is able to deliver you 
and to sanctify and cleanse you from all sin. O my son I 
beg cf God to tit you for a dying hour; this is the only time 
now while you are in health. 

Gideon Hotchkiss. 

Jesse, then a young soldier of nineteen years, 
lived to return home from that war, but lost his life 
in the Revolution, dying Sept. 29, 1776. 

Abraham Hotchkiss, grandfather of our sub- 
ject, spent his entire life in that part of W'aterbury 
now known as Prospect, and was buried in Prospect 
cemetery. He was a land owner and farmer. On 
Dec, 28, 1767, he married Hannah Weed, daughter 
of John Weed, and they had six children whose 
names and dates of birth were as follows : John, 
Nov. 16, 1768; Ezra, March 2, 1772; Lois, Jan. 2. 
1773; Hannah, July 5, 1775; Joel, Nov. 29, 1781; 
and Benjamin, June 18, 1786. Joel died in Penn- 

Benjamin Hotchkiss, our subject's father, was 
reared and educated in Prospect, and in later lite 
owned and operated a farm there. In politics he 
was a W'hig. Both he and his wife were active and 
influential members of the Congregational Church, 
and they were among the first Sunday-school 
teachers in the tow^n of Prospect. He died there, 
Feb. I, 1842, and was buried in Prospect cemetery. 



He was married, July 26, 1807, to Hannah Beacher, 
daughter of Benjamin Beacher. She was born 
June I, 1789, and died in Union Mills, La Porte Co., 
Ind., Oct. 12, 1854. In their family were six chil- 
dren: (i)' Horace, born Sept. 29, 1809, was a 
school teacher and settled in the town of Burton, 
Geauga Co., Ohio, where he died leaving his chil- 
dren, Lester and ^lary. His wife also is deceased. 
(2) Lyman, born June 4, 1812, was a carpenter and 
joiner, and settled in Delaware county, Ohio. He 
married. Sarah Ann Scott, and at his death left two 
children. Flora Amelia and Adeline. (3) Harriet, 
born Nov. 19, 1815, engaged in teaching school and 
married Julius Way. They first settled in Union 
Mills, La Porte Co., Ind., thence removed to Illi- ' 
nois, and finally to Colorado, where they both died. 
Their children were, Lyman. ]\Iaria, Amelia. Ellen 
and D wight. (4) Emeline, born Dec. 14, 18 18, was 
married Feb. 28, 1850, to David Beal. They first set- 
tled in Hopedale, Mass., and later in Mendon. They 
had one child, Rufus, who married and became the 
father of five children, Arthur, Carrie ( who died 
April, 1901), Lillian, Walter and Bertha. (5) 
Rosanna, born Jan. 10, 1824, married Whiting B. 
Dudley, and they settled first in Cheshire, later in 
Prospect, and lastly in W'aterbury, where they died. 
Their children were Emily Maria, deceased : Mary 
Louise, wife of Emerson Hotchkiss, mefitioned else- 
where in this volume ; and Rose, who married John 
Hermann, and has three children, Ruth, Hazel and 
Dudley. (6) Gilbert Benjamin, who completes the 

During his boyhood Gilbert B. Hotchkiss at- 
tended the district schools of Prospect, and a public 
school of Xaugatuck. At the age of fourteen years 
he went to Union Mills, Ind., where he engaged in 
farming until 1856, when he disposed of his inter- 
ests there and returned to Waterbury, Conn. He 
located on the Stephen Hotchkiss farm, where for 
the past forty-five years, he has successfully engaged 
in dairy farming and stock raising. He has made 
many improvements upon the place, and now has a 
valuable and desirable farm. He is quite a prom- 
inent and influential man in his community, and is 
highly respected by all who know him. Politically 
he is identified with the Republican party, and fra- 
ternally is a charter member of Mad River Grange, 
and a member of the Odd Fellows Lodge of Water- 
bury. A sincere and consistent Christian, he takes 
a deep interest in church affairs, and has served as 
deacon of the Prospect Congregational Church since 
1865, and with the exception of two. years, as super- 
intendent of the Sunday-school since 1864. He is 
also a member of the American Tract Society, and 
his life has ever been in harmony with his profes- 

On Jan. 7, 1856, ^Ir. Hotchkiss was united in 
marriage with Miss Emma Chatfield, a native of 
Waterbury, a daughter of Joseph Edward and Phebe 
Irene (Hotchkiss) Chatfield, a granddaughter of 
Joseph and Polly (Payne) Hotchkiss; and a great- 

great-granddaughter of Gideon Hotchkiss, who was 
also the great-grandfather of our subject. They 
have two children : ( i ) Hattie Rosanna, born Jan. 
10, 1864, is the wife of William S. Strong, born 
April 27, 1865, and has one daughter, Emma Rhoda, 
bora Nov. 29, 1893. (2) Jennie Irene, born Aug. 
19, 1866, was married Oct. 25, 1894, to George Eph- 
riam Nettleton, of Hartford, Conn., born Jan. 22, 
1871, and they have three children, Grace Elizabeth, 
Irene Gilbert and Gilbert Henry. 

The Ch.vtfield Family, to which Mrs. Hotch- 
kiss belongs, was founded in this country by three 
brothers, Francis, George and Thomas Chatfield, 
who came from England in 1639 in Rev. Henrv 
Whitfield's company, and located in Guilford, Conn., 
where Francis died in 1647. Thomas removed to 
New Haven, and later to East Hampton, Long Is- 
land, where he was quite a prominent man ; he 
served as magistrate under the Connecticut juris- 
diction. George Chatfield, from whom Mrs. Hotch- 
kiss is descended, was a resident of Guilford from 
1639 to 1663, and then moved to Killingworth, 
Conn., where he spent the remainder of his life, dy- 
ing there June 9, 1671. His remains were interred 
there. For his first wife he married Sarah Bishop. 
who died Sept. 30, 1657, leaving no children, and 
for his second wife he married Isabel Xettleton, 
daughter of Samuel Xettleton. They had three 
children: John, born April 8, 1661 ; George; Aug. 
18, 1668; and ]\Iercy, April 26, 1671. 

John Chatfield, son of George, was but two years 
old when the family moved to Killingworth, where 
he grew to manhood. In 1684 he removed to Derljy, 
Conn., where he receivea a tract of land, and where 
he spent the remainder of his life. On Feb. 5, 1684, 
he married Anna Harger, daughter of Jabez Har- 
ger, of Derby, and to them were born the following 
children : Sarah, who was born Dec. 5, 1686, and 
was married, July 15, 1706, to John Davis. Jr.; 
Alary, born April 29, 1689; Abigail, who was born 
Sept. 16, 1693, and married Gideon Johnson; Han- 
nah, who was married to John Coe ; Lieut. John, 
born Feb. 21, 1697; Samuel, who is mentioned be- 
low; Ebenezer, who was born July 4, 1703, and was 
married in 1728, to Abigail Prindle; and Solomon, 
who was born Aug. 13, 1708, and married to Han- 
nah Pierson. 

Samuel Chatfield, son of John, was born in 
Derby, Aug. 28, 1699, and from there removed to 
Oxford, Conn., and later to Waterbury. He was a 
member of the church at the latter place. During the 
Revolutionary war he served as a soldier of the Con- 
tinental army from July 9. 1780, until the 8th of the 
following December. He died in 1797. He was tiiree 
times married, his first wife being Ann (surname not 
given); his second, Joanna Gunn, died Aug. 20, 
1783: he married, third, widow Lydia Peck, on Jan. 
I, 1784. He had seven children : Mary, born Jan. 8. 
1750, died Sept. 8. 1751: Abraham was born Dec. 
29, 1761 ; Joanna born May 2f, 1766, married .\bcl 
Gimn; Sarah, born April 21, 1768, married Andrew 



O^biiTU ; Joseph, born June 18, 1770, was the grand- j 
father of Mrs. Hotchkiss ; Josiah, born Dec. 10, 1 
,V-- married Olive Tucker; and Rachel, born Dec. j 
s' V-'-S 'married Stephen Tucker. i 

' Joseph Chatficld, Mrs. Hotchkiss' grandfather, 1 
passed his entire hfe as a farmer and shoemaker in i 
\\ atcrbury. He married Polly Payrie, daughter of 
Davul and Submit (Hotchkiss) Payne, ana to them 
were born the following children: Joseph Edward, 
father of Mrs. Hotchkiss, was the eldest; Annie 
married David Wooster; Fanny, born May 27, 1803, 
married Edward Russell ; Rebecca was married in 
1S28 to R. M. Wheeler and settled in Michigan; 
Mitty, born July 13, 1806, married Albert Wooster; 
Burrett was born Feb. 27, 180S; INIary died unmar- 
ried; Dennis was born July 3, 1812; Henry was 
born Sept. 10, 1816; Samuel was next in order of 
birth; and Jane, baptized Oct. 14, 1821, was adopted 
by Lyman Bradley, and married Dr. Blakeslee. 

Joseph Edward Chatfield, the father of ]\Irs. 
Hotchkiss, was also a lifelong resident of Water- 
bury, where he followed his trade of carpenter 
and joiner, and where he died Oct. 20, 1830, in 
middle life. On Nov. 24, 1823. he married Xancy 
Scoville, daughter of William Scoville. She died 
Dec. 26, 1828, leaving two children, Jane and 
George, who were baptized July 6, 1828. On Dec. 
I, 1820, he married Phcbe I. Hotchkiss, who was 
born Nov. 3, 1800, and died April 2t,, i860, daughter 
of Stephen and Tamer (Richardson) Hotchkiss. 
The wife of our subject was the only child born of 
this union. In 1838 her mother again married, her 
second husband being Humphrey Nichols (whose 
first wife was her sister. Esther), and by this mar- 
riage she had a son, Franklin, who was born in 
August, 1842, and died in 1848. Her parents, 
Stephen and Tamer (Richardson) Hotchkiss, were 
the parents of the following children: (i) Joseph; 
(2) Clarissa; (3) Esther, who became the first wife 
of Humphrey Nichols, and died leaving eleven 
children, Stephen, Isaac, Harriet, Emeline, William, 
Ann, Nancy, Ely, Noyes, Esther and David; (4) 
Chloe, who married William Baldwin, and had five 
children, Joseph Ives. Tamar Elizabeth, William, 
George Noah and Rebecca; (5) Lois, who died un- 
married; (6) Irene, who died in infancy; and (7) 
Phebe Irene, who first married Joseph Edward Chat- 
field, and second Humphrey Nichols-. 

North Branford, is a representative of an old and 
honored family of New Haven county. At one 
tmie the Smiths owned a large portion of the north- 
western part of North Branford and eastern North 
Haven; in fact, the village of Clintonville was 
called Smithtown, on account of the large number 
of that name residing there. They have always been 
numbered among the useful and valued citizens of 
the community, and have given their support to 
every enterprise for the public good. 

Thomas Smith the paternal grandfather of 

Mrs. ^lunson, was born Oct. 10, 1761, and died 
Feb. 20, 181 5. His first wife was Sarah Frost, 
who bore him two sons and one daughter, Thomas, 
John and Sarah. On April 22, 1801, he married 
Rosanna Hull, who died Feb. 3, 1846. To them 
were born five children, namely : Ebenezer, born 
March 17. 1802, who wedded ^Iary Ann Rogers; 
Rosanna, baptized June 21, 1812; Martha, who 
married George L. Thorpe; Hiram, who was bap- 
tized May 6, 1810; and James. 

Deacon Thomas Smith, Mrs. Munson's father, 
was born in North Haven, Sept. 20, 1798, and died, 
Dec. 10, 1874. He was married Jan. 24, 1819. to 
Hannah Tuttle, daughter of Jude Tuttle. She- 
was born Jan. 4, 1802, and died Dec. 6, 1876. To 
this worthy couple came the following children: 
Julius, born Dec. 6, 1819, wedded Mary Frost; he 
was engaged in the butcher business in Fair Haven 
and Hartford, and died in 1894. George R., born 
Jan. 18. 1821, married Emeline ^lunson. and fol- 
lowed farming near the old homestead, where he 
died Sept. 13, 1885. Sarah Louisa, born April 20, 
1824, died at the age of fifteen months. Thomas A., 
I born Jan. 9, 1827, is a resident of North Branford. 
i James Franklin, born Dec. 31. 1830, married Fran- 
1 ces E. Brockett. and also followed farming near 
j the old homestead, where he died April 10, 1899. 
! Jane Frances. Mrs. Munson. is a -twin sister of 
i James F. John W., born Jan. 14, 1835, first mar- 
i ried Anna "Fowler and second Ida Bradley; he is 
! engaged in farming in Seymour, Conn. Julia A., 
: born Aug. 20, 1844. married Henry Harrison, of 
j Northford, and died in New Haven, April 12, 1901, 
: leaving two daughters, Hattie and Edith. 
] On Dec. 31, 1877, Miss Jane F. Smith was 
I united in marriage with William S. Munson, who 
1 was born Oct. 8, 1826, and died Jan. i, 1892. He 
was an extensive farmer of Wallingford, but since- 
his death Mrs. Munson has sold the old homestead.l 
reserving the right to a part of the house as herj 
residence. She also owns a cozy cottage at "The| 
, Beach,"' where she spends the summer months. 1 
': She is held in high regard by all with whom shei 
comes in contact, and is loved and respected in the; 
: community where she has so long made heri 
home. 1 

In maternal lines Mrs. Munson is also con- 
I nected with a branch of the Smith family. Thomas 
! Smith, the first of whom there is authentic record, 
married, in 1662, Elizabeth Paterson, only child of 
i Edward Paterson, and their children were: John, 
born March. 1664; Anna, April 6, 1665; John (21, 
: June 14, 1669; and Thomas, Jan. 31. 1673. 

Thomas Smith, son of Thomas, married Sarah 
Howe. They had Thomas, Joseph, Samud, Dow 
and Benjamin. 

Thomas Smith, son of Thomas and Sarah, mar- 
ried Abigail Goodsell. and became the father of 
Thomas, 'born July 27, 1719: David, born Nov. 15, 
1721 ; and Stephen, born Nov. 28, 1724. 

Thomas Smith, of the fourth generation to bear 



that name, married Eunice Russel, March ii, 
1741. Their children were: Thomas, born Dec. 
10, 1742; Enos, Nov. 2, 1744; Abigail, Feb. 3, 
1747, who married Stephen Pardee in 1768; Jacob, 
July 7, 1749; Eli, Nov. 8, 1751; Elizabeth, May 
21, 1754, who married Jesse Upson in 1775. 

Thomas Smith, son of Thomas, was. married 
Nov. 20, 1766, to Anna Smith. Their children 
were as follows : Betsy, who married Oliver Todd 
in 1786; Louisa (grandmother of Mrs. Munson), 
who married Jude Tuttle ; Lament ; and an infant 
that died unnamed. 

Concerning Thomas Smith, mentioned above as 
of the fourth generation to bear the name, the 
"East Haven Record" gives the following: 

"In the war of Independence, which began 
19th of April, 1775, the following persons were 
lost: In 1776 Elijah Smith was killed in battle on 
Long Island ; Thomas Smith conducted a fire ship 
to the enemy, but was badly burnt, and, the attend- 
ing boat having left him too soon, he had to swim 
ashore, where he was found three days after in a 
helpless state ; he was brought over to Rye, and 
there he died." 

FREDERICK F. SCHAFFER, secretary of the 
Goodyear's India Rubber Glove Manufacturing Co., 
and superintendent of the works at Naugatuck, is 
one of the most popular and influential citizens 
of that town. He was bom June 12, 1853, in 
the Kingdom of Prussia, son of William E. and 
Dorothy Schaffer. Our subject's father, who was a 
tailor, emigrated to America with his wife and in- 
fant son when young Frederick was scarcely a year 
old, settling in Milltown, N. J., where he carried on 
his trade. Two other children were born to Will- 
iam E. Schaffer and his wife, Josephine and Ernest, 
the latter of whom is dead, as are als;o the parents. 

Frederick F. Schaffer attended school in Mill- 
town and New Brunswick until he was thirteen 
years old, when he entered the employ of the New 
Brunswick Rubber Co., with which concern he re- 
mained some six years. He then began work in the 
New Jersey Rubber Shoe Co. The burning of the 
plant in 1876 necessitated his seeking other employ- 
ment, and going to Naugatuck he found a situation 
with the Goodyear Co. He soon showed that he 
was endowed with intelligence, capability and fidel- 
ity, and his promotion in the company's service was 
merely a question of time. He rose, gradually, until 
he now fills the responsible position absve named. 
Over and again has he demonstrated his. innate 
executive capacity, and the three thousand employes 
subordinate to his commands love him no less than 
they respect and admire him. His course has ex- 
hibited the possession of that rare combination of 
seemingly diverse qualities — forcefulness with sym- 
pathy, firmness with gentleness. 

In politics Mr. Schaffer is a Republican, yet such 
is his personal popularity and such the esteem and 
confidence entertained for him bv his fellow towns- 

men that even in a Democratic stronghold he might 
be elected to any ofiice within the people's gift. 
Office-holding, however, is naturally distasteful to 
him, and, -while he has consented to fill various local 
positions, involving considerable responsibility, he 
ha^ persistently refused what might be termed high- 
er political honors. He has consented to serve as 
selectman, member of the school committee and 
warden; in 1891 he was elected first selectman of 
the town, in spite of former adverse political ma- 
jorities. Socially he is a Freemason and an Odd 
Fellow, and holds a high. place in the affection and 
respect of his brethren of both fraternities. 

It is such men as our subject that add luster to 
the town or municipality in which they live. Never 
self-asserting, he never forfeits self-respect : while 
benevolent and kindly, he never loses sight of exact 
justice; and while always ready to cloak the failings 
of others with the mantle of charity and silence, he 
seeks to make his own life free from blame as the 
natural imperfections of human nature will permit. 

In December, 1877, Mr. Schaft'er married ]Mis3 
Minnie Perkins, a daughter of Wales Perkins., of 
Naugatuck. They had three children : Frederick 
W., born Dec. 18, 1878; Winnibel May, born Oct. 
20, 1879; and Josephine Hazel, born July 13, 1882. 
Mrs. Schaft'er died March 7, 1888, and on Oct. 8, 
1889. Mr. Schaft'er led to the altar Miss Melicent A. 
Nichols, who was born in Roxbury, Conn., daugh- 
ter of Richard and Almira' (Wheeler) Nichols. 
Their union has been blessed with one daughter, 
Dorothy Almira, born April 10, 1^91. All the 
children survive, and the domestic life of the fam- 
ily is singularly happy and interesting, ]Mr. Schaffer 
being a generous husband and a kind and indulgent 
father. Mr. and Mrs. Schaffer are communicants 
of the Episcopal Church, Mr. Schaffer being a mem- 
ber of the Naugatuck Church, of which he is a 

BENJAMIN C. WOODIN, an honored vet- 
eran of the Civil war and a well-known market 
gardener and fruit raiser of Hamden, Conn., was 
born on the farm where he now resides, Jan. 29, 
1828, a son of Charles and Betsey (Cooper) 
Woodin, and grandson of Abraham Woodin. The 
father was also born upon that farm, and there he 
died at the ripe old age of eighty-two years. He 
i was an earnest member of the, Methodist Episco- 
! pal (Shurch, and was highly esteemed throughout 
I the community. In his family were four children, 
i namely: Eunice R., widow of John L. Sperry ; 
i Rhoda M.. wife of Jared Benham, of Hamden ; 
Benjamin C.. our subject; and William H., a farm- 
er of Hamden. 

Benjamin C. Woodin remained upon the home 

farm with his parents until nineteen years of age, 

when he commenced working in the rubber mills 

of Hamden. where he was employed for four years. 

i The following three years he worked in auger mills 

i at Chester, Conn., and then returned to Hamden, 

!;.'■-■■ ■'*'^"-gty?'''?^5'^'J^' '^^.^'?fl8^yay« g ^ 



U<^:.^^.r... ,-^^,i3i^^iJi^:,n. 





where he lield a position in the Churchill auger 
facturv for two years. At the end of that time he 
went to Xew York State, where the following two. 
\ears were passed, and on his return to Hamden 
'resumed work in the same factory, where he was 
cmit!i>vcd until after the Civil war hroke out. 

I'rompted hy a spirit of patriotism, Mr. Woodin 
eiihsted Sept. 16, 1861, as a private in Company F, 
-th Coim. \'. I., which was assigned to the loth 
Army Corps. The regiment was mustered into 
the I'in'tod States service at Xew Haven, and was 
stationed at Washington, D. C, for several weeks. 
()n Sept. I, 1862, he was promoted to corporal. 
With his regiment he participated in several en- 
gagements, among them being the following : Fort 
I'ulaski, Ga., April lo-ii, 1862; Pocotaligo, S. C, 
Oct. 22, 1862; Morris Island, S. C, July 10, 1863; 
Fort Wagner, S. C, July 11, 1803; Chester Sta- 
tion, \'a.. May 10, 1864; Bermuda Hundred, \'a.. 
May 10-17, 1864; Bermuda Hundred, V'a., June 
2, 1864; Bermuda Hundred, Va., June 17, 1864; 
Deep Bottom, \'a., Aug. 14-15, 1864; and Deep 
Run, \'.a., Aug. 16-18, 1864. At the battle of Deep 
Run Mr. Woodin was wounded in the wrist by a 
minie ball, both bones being broken. The first 
amputation was made on the field. He was sent to 
the hospital at Hampton Roads, where he remamed 
six weeks, and was then taken on transports with 
800 other wounded soldiers to Willets Point, New 
York. Through neglect of the physicians on this 
trip, gangrene set in, necessitating a second am- 
putation. A few weeks after coming home he went 
to the hospital in Xew Haven, as amputation was 
again necessary, and this time the operation was 
performed above the elbow. Since returning from 
the war '\lr. W^oodin has lived on the old home- 
stead where he was born, and is now successfully 
engaged in market gardening and fruit growing. 

In 1850 Mr. Woodin was united in marriage 
with Miss Anna Beckwith, by whom he had two 
children : Betsey, now the wife of Frank Gorham ; 
and' Flattie, who died at the age of five years. He 
was again married, in 1869, his second union being 
with Miss Julia A. Shipman. He has ever taken an 
active and prominent part in public affairs, has filled 
the office of assessor two terms, and was a member 
of the Legislature from Hamden in 1887. The Re- 
publican party finds in him a stanch supporter of 
its^ principles, and he is as true to his duties of 
citizenship in times of peace as in time of war. He 
is now an honored member of Admiral Foote Post, 
. G. A. R., of Xew Haven. 

MOXSOX'. For 260 and more years members 
of the family bearing this name have resided in 
Xew Haven, and have been prominently identified 
witli its history. Especiallv conspicuous has been 
the line of the late Dr. Alfred S. Monson through 
several generations from just before, through and 
following the war of the Revolution, among them 
the honored Dr. Eneas, Dr. Eneas (2) and Dr. 

Alfred S. Monson. Several of the sons of the lat- 
ter are yet in active life in the city, among them 
Charles C. and Capt. Frank A. Monson, substan- 
tial citizens of that community. These two gentle- 
men and the other children of Dr. Alfred S. Mon- 
son are descendants in the eighth generation from 
Thomas Monson, of Stratford and Xew Haven, 
their lineage appearing in order in the following 
generations : 

(I) Thomas Monson, born about 1612, first ap- 
{ pears in Xew England at Hartford, in 1O37, in 
i which year he was in the Pequot war with rank of I 

captain. In about 1640 he cast his lot wath the j 
Quinnipiac settlers and was at Xew Haven. ]\Ir. I 
Monson was a carpenter by trade, held public office, i 
was a Congregationalist in religion, and was an ! 
important and prominent man in the settlement. ' 
His death occurred May 7, 1685, and that of his 
wife Joanna, Dec. 13, 1678. 

(II) Samuel Monson, son of Thomas the set- 
tler, baptized Aug. 7, 1643 married, Oct. 26, 1665, 
Martha, daughter of William and Alice (Pritch- 
ard) Bradley. Mr. Alonson was a shoemaker and 
tanner by trade, and resided respectively in Xew 
Haven, Wallingford and Xew Haven. He was a 
Congregationalist in his religious belief. His 
death occurred in 1693. 

(III) Theophilus Monson, son of Samuel, born 
Sept. I, 1675, married Esther, daughter of John 
Mix. Mr. ^[onson was a locksmith by trade. 
Like his ancestors he was a Congregationalist in 
his religious belief. He held public trusts in Xew 
Haven, and there resided on the southeast corner 
of College and Wall streets. He died X'ov. 28, 
1747, his wife Sept. 16, 1746. 

(IV) Benjamin Monson. son of Theophilus; 
born March 28, 171 1, married in June, 1732, Abi- 
gail, daughter of Deacon John an J Abigail (Ail- 
ing) Punderson. Mr. ]\Ionson was a schoolmaster, j 
and resided for a period in York street, Xew Ha- | 
ven, and in the town of Branford, Connecticut. I 

(V) Eneas Monson, son of Benjamin, born | 
Jan. 13, 1734, married (first), March 15, 1761, ' 
Susannah, daughter of Stephen and Susannah 
Howell. She died April 21, 1803, and he married ; 
(second), Xov. 24, 1804, Widow Sarah Perit. I 
His children were born to the first marriage. Mr. 1 
Monson was graduated from Yale College in 1753. 
He became a minister, though not a pastor, and 
later a physician. He was Chaplain to Lord Gard- 
ner in the French war of 1755. In 1756 he began 
the practice of medicine in Bedford, X'. Y., and 
he became an eminent physician, was distinguished 

in science and was celebrated as a wit. He. too, 
I was a Congregationalist, and in politics a Whig. 
! He was prominent in public affairs, holding many 
i important trusts. During the war of the Revolu- 
, tiou he was chosen seven times to represent Xew 
j Haven in the Legislature. His death occurred 
I June 16. 1826. at Xew Haven. 
j (VI) Eneas Monson, !M. D, (2), son of Eneas, 



born Sept. ii, 1763, married, May 6, 1794, Mary 
Shepherd, born April 28, 1772, daughter of Levi 
Shepherd, of Northampton, Alass. Eneas Monson 
was graduated from Yale, and soon thereafter (in 
1780) was commissioned surgeon's mate in Col. 
Swift's Seventh Connecticut Continental Line 
During the winter of 1780-81 his regiment was 
■"hutted" with the Connecticut division on the Hud- 
son, opposite West Point. In June following he 
was detached to assist Surgeon Thatcher, of the 
Massachusetts Line, in Col. Scammell's Light In- 
fantry Corps, which after engaging in one or two 
sharp skirmishes in Westchester county, marched 
in August with the army to Yorktown, Va. There 
it took a leading part m the siege, and was placed 
with the other select troops under LaFayette, whose 
position was on the right of the besieging line. Dr. 
Monson returned North and rejoined his regiment, 
which in 1781-82 was the Fourth Connecticut, un- 
der Col. Butler, and served until the disbandment, 
in June, 1783. Returning after the war to New 
Haven, Dr. Monson became prominent in the 
aflfairs of the town and city. Later he turned his 
attention to other and more lucrative pursuits, be- 
coming a merchant and banker. Airs. Monson 
died Feb. 6, 1848, and Dr. Monson Aug. 22, 

(VII) Alfred S. Monson, AI. D., son of Dr. 
Eneas, born Sept. 23, 1795, married, Alay 22, 1822, 
Alary Ann, daughter of Nathaniel Patten, of Hart- 
ford. Mr. Monson was graduated from Yale College 
in 1815, and took the degree of AI. D. at the Univer- 
sity of Pennsylvania in 1819. He located in the 
practice of medicine in New Haven, but retired 
from the profession many years before his death. 
His transactions in real estate were many, and he 
was a good financier, leaving a large estate. At 
one time he was otifered the professorship of bot- 
any in Yale College, but declined it owing to the 
state of his health, and he was also offered a pro- 
fessorship in Yale Aledical School. Himself and 
wife were members of the Congregational Church. 
He died at his home in New Haven, No. 145 Elm 
street, Alay 22, 1870, and his wife passed away in 
April, 1887. Six children were born to them, of 
whom we have the following record : 

(i) Alfred Patten Monson, M. D., was born 
June 20, 1823. In 1847 he was graduated from 
Yale Medical College, but his health was such that 
he did not practice much. He resided in New 
Haven, in Florida and in Colorado, and died in 
1894. He married Harriet Alygatt. 

(2) Sarah Patten Monson, born Nov. 17, 1825, 
married, Jan. 6, 1845, T^iomas N. Dale, a silk man- 
ufacturer of New York. Both died in 1880. 

(3) David Daggett Monson, born Jan. 13, 1837, 
married, at Sonierville, N. J., Mary J. Wilson, and 
both are now deceased. 

(4) Charles Clayton Monson, born Oct. 3, 
1838, was married at Chicago, June 27, 1872, to 
Stella E. Shepherd, and they reside in Hillhouse ' 

avenue. New Haven. Their children are Stella E 
Edith D.,^ Charles S. and Ethel. 

(5) F^R.ViNK Augustus Mo.xsox, born Dec. 9, 
1842, was married May 15, 1873, to Charlotte M. 
Bishop, of New Haven, who was born Sept. 6, 
1852. They have one daughter, Nellie Florence 
Monson. At the breaking out of the Civil war 
young Monson was a student at a boarding school. 
His patriotism was aroused, and on July 19, 1861, 
lie became a private in the ist New York Lincoln 
Cavalry, sharing the fortunes of the army of the 
Potomac for over three vears, and receiviuT an hon- 
orable discharge July 12, 1864. On May 3, 1862, 
he received promotion, becoming a second lieuten- 
ant in the 5th New York Col.'Cav. ; on Oct. 24, 
same year, was made first lieutenant; and on Sept. 
14. 1863, was made captain, which rank he held to 
the close of his service, being finally discharged 
on account of disability caused by wounds. Capt. 
Alonson returned to civil life with an honorable 
war record. He took part in eighty-one engage- 
ments, great and small, being in nearly every bat- 
tle fought by the Army of the Potomac during his 
connection therewith, with Grant through the Wil- 
derness, at Spottsylvania and White House Land- 
ing, where he was sent to the rear on account of 
reopening wounds. He was wounded at Chancel- 
lorsville, .\iay 3, 1863, and suffered intensely from 
his injuries. Among other important engagements 
in which Capt. Monson saw active service may be 
mentioned Fredericksburg. Fair Oaks and McClel- 
lan's Peninsular campaign. Capt. Alonson has had 
an honorable and successful career in New Haven, 
engaged principally in looking after his real estate 
interests. He has built a number of houses. For 
years Capt. Alonson was secretary of the New Ha- 
ven Fire Underwriters Association. He has effi- 
ciently served his fellow citizens both as a council- 
man and as an alderman. The Captain and his 
family are prominent in the social life of New Ha- 
ven, and he is an active member of Admiral Foote 
Post, G. A. R. ; of the Loyal Legion ; the Army and 
Navy Club ; the Society of the Army of the Po- 
tomac; the Connecticut Sons of the American Rev- 
olution ; and Hiram Lodge, F. & A. M. In relig- 
ious connection he unites with Trinity Church. 

(6) Frederick Eneas Monson, bom Sept. 18, 
1843, was a student when he enlisted, Sept. 18, 
1861, becoming a corporal in Company K, loth 
Conn. V. I., in the United States service in the 
Civil war. He was discharged Jan. 16, 1862, and 
re-enlisted, becoming a sergeant in Company H, 
27th Conn. V. I. At the battle of Fredericksburg, 
\'a., Dec. 3, 1862, he received a wound which crip- 
pled him for life, and he was honorably discharged 
April 2, 1863, with a record for duty well done. 

CHARLES H. PINNEY, M. D., in his life- 
time a prominent and successful physician of 
Derby, was a man of exceptionally high scientific 
and professional attainments, beloved by his pa- 



ticnt> and universally esteemed by the community 
at lar^'o. He was of English descent, and one of 
ill". Anierican ancestors was a soldier under Wash- 

IV.C\< III. 

1 lie first of the family to emigrate from Great 
I'.r.i.iin to America was Humphrey Finney, who 
Mitkd at Dorchester, Mass., in 1630, while he re- 
turned the following year to England to attend to 
>..:uo matters connected with the settlement of the 
j^iti-rnal estate ; he became a permanent resident of 
New l'"ngland in 1634. He married Alary, a daugh- 
ter of George Hull, who, like himself, was a pio- 
neer settler from the mother country. . Humphrey 
J'innev, on his return from England, established 
himself at Wmdsor, Conn. He was the father of 
iix children : Samuel, Nathaniel, Isaac, Abigail, 
Sarah and Mary. 

Samuel Pinney, eldest son of Humphrey, was 
the great-great-great-grandfather of Dr. (Tharles 
H. Pinney. He married Joyce Bissell, daughter of 
John Bissell, of Windsor. They settled in that 
part of Windsor which one hundred years later 
was called Ellington, Conn. Tnree children were 
Ixjrn to them : Mary, Samuel and Josiah. 

Samuel Pinney, son of Samuel, became the hus- 
liand of Sarah Phelps, daughter of George Phelps 
( i)rothcr of William, of Windsor). They lived in 
I-".llington, at that time part of Windsor, Conn., 
wiiere were born their six children, who were 
named Samuel, Joseph, Benjamin, Sarah, Mary 
and Hannah. 

Captain Benjamin Pinney, third son of Samuel, 
;ind Dr. Pinney 's great-grandfather, married 
Susanna Lathrop, who bore nim nine children, 
Elizabeth. Lois, Benjamin, Jedediah, Eleazer 
(Ixirn h'cbruary, i/SS), Lemuel, Ruth, Chloe and 
iibcnezer (a physician, who died July 6, 1786). 

Lieut. Eleazer Pinney, son of Benjamin, was 
born in Eebruarv, 1753, and was present at the sur- 
render of Burgoyne. His first wife was Eunice 
King, who died July 6, 1789, leaving five children, 
namely : Lydia, Persis, Benjamin, Elizabeth and 
I'armeHa. In 1792 he married as his second wife, 
Anna McKinney, daughter of Andrew McKinney, 
who invented the mechanism to weave table linen 
in patterns of flowers, etc., instead of being plaided 
or striped, as was the method previous to his in- 
vention; he was of Scotch descent. The children 
of Lieut. Eleazer and his wife Anna were Eleazer, 
l'.ln.nezcr, Eunice, Loring, Xelson and Andrew. 

l-.benezer, seventh child of Lieut. Eleazer, was 
b'lrn Sept. 24, 1796. He married Marv Ann Lee, 
<!;iuL:liter of Dr. Henry TuUy Lee, of Hartford, 
t<.nn. Of their nine children, two, Henry and 
.Mary, died in early childhood. Those who reached 
mature years were Charles Hitchcock, Henrv Lee, 
Caroline, Mary (2), Ellen, Elizabeth and 'Cath- 

Dr. Charles H. Pinney, the subject of this 
sketch, was born at South Windsor ftlien a part of 
i-ast Windsor), April 25, 183 1. His college prep- 

aration was received at Rogers Academy, at East 
Hartford, and he matriculated at Harvard Univer- 
sity near the close of his third year. Repeated and 
profuse hemorrhages from the lungs made it im- 
prudent to longer to brave the violent east winds 
of that locality, and his professional studies were 
pursued at the College of Physicians and Surgeons, 
of New York City. Graduating with honor in 
1853, he at once located in Derby, Conn., where for 
forty years he was an ornament to his profession, 
taking part in matters of general interest as a pub- 
lic-spirited citizen, leading a life without reproach. 
When on his way to attend the National Medical 
Convention, which was held at Milwaukee, Wis., 
he died at Evanston, 111., May 13, 1893, having 
rounded out a useful life of sixty-two years. In 
politics he was a Republican. Professionally he 
was a member of the local, county. State and na- 
tional medical societies, and was for many years 
the Connecticut State Necrologist of the National 

On April 4, 1854, Dr. Pinney married Maria 
Watson, of New Hartford, Conn., daughter of 
Royal Isaac and Sally (Seymour) W'atson. Royal 
I. Watson was a descendant of John Watson, an 
early settler of Hartford, who was a juror at Hart- 
ford in 1644, ^i^d died there in 1650; his mother, 
Sarah (Phelps) Watson, descended from William ' 
i Phelps, an early settler of Windsor. 1 

j Airs. Sally (Seymour) Watson was a daughter ! 
I of Chauncey Seymour (always called "The ! 
j Squire;" see "New Hartford Past and Present," i 
i published in 1883), who held a commission in the 
I war of 1812, and was the son of Capt. Uriah Sey- 
! mour, who was lieutenant in a company of 
i "mounted men" in the Lexington Alarm, and who, 
i as captain of a company of "Light-horse," was 
I with Washington on his retreat through New 
i York, and was at Valley Forge. The Seymour 
i line is traced back into England, to Sir Edward 
! Seymour, whose sister, Jane Seymour, was the 
i third Queen of Henry VIII and the mother of King 
j Edward \T, during whose minority he (Sir Ed- 
ward Seymour) was acting Regent, and was 
! created "Lord Protector of England." His previous 
] titles were "\'iscount Beauchamp," "Earl of Hert- 
I ford" and "Duke of Somerset." 
\ The mother of Airs. Sally (Seymour) Watson 
j was Isabel Sedgwick, a descendant of Alajor Gen- 
I eral Robert Sedgwick, a distinguished otificer un- 
i der Oliver Cromwell. For several years he com- 
i manded "the Ancient and Honorable Artillery 
i Company," and in 1641 "The Castle," and was 
made major-general of a Alassachusetts regiment 
Alav 26, 1652. On July i, 1654, having previously 
j visited England and engaged in the service of 
! Cromwell as commander of contemplated expcdi- 
i tions, he sailed with a fleet of four vessels and cap- 
' tured "St. Tohns." a "strong French fort." also 
'Port Rovaf" and others, which was so acceptable 
I to Cromwell that the next year he was appointed 



to important service in the West Indies ; he sailed 
from Plymouth July ii. 1655. and was appointed 
to command the army of the West Indies, but soon 
fell a victim to the climate, dying at Jamaica, W. I., 
May 24, 1656. 

Dr. Pinney left one son. Royal Watson Pinney, 
a practicing physician in Derby. Mrs. Pinney is 
still living in her beautiful home, containing many 
treasures of art and mementoes of her departed 
husband. She is a member of the Mary Wasiiing- 
ton Memorial Association, of Washington; of the 
Scx:iety of New England Women, of New York; 
of the Order of Descendants of Colonial Gover- 
nors; of the Huguenot Society of, America; of the 
National Society of Daughters of Founders and 
Patriots of America; and she is regent of the Derby 
Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revo- 

SAMUEL A. STE\'EXS, a worthy representa- 
tive of an old and honored family of New Haven 
county, has passed a busy life in the commercial 
world and can look with pride over the record of a 
past that has no stain. 

Thomas Stevens, his great-grandfather, built, in 
1735, the old Stevens homestead, now standing on 
Elm street, at the head of Savin avenue, West 
Haven, Conn., now nearly one hundred and seventy 
years old ; it is to-day in a good state of preserva- 
tion, and still retains its old original red color 
paint. There Thomas Stevens lived and died. His 
son, Jesse, was born in that home in 1744, and died 
there in 1826. 

Newton Stevens, son of Jesse, was bom in 1784, 
and married Polly Reynolds in 1809, by whom he 
had' twelve children, all of whom lived to maturity : 
Julia Ann, who married James Tolles ; Edwin ; 
Emily, who married William H. Talmadge; Lucius; 
Sarah, who married Jonathan Foote, Jr. ; H. Au- 
gusta, who married S. G. Hotchkiss ; Sherman ; 
Francis N.; Jesse M. ; MaryE., who married Capt. 
Frederick S. Ward ; Samuel A. ; and James R. 
After fifty-four years of wedded life, the mother 
died in 1863, at the age of seventy-four; the father 
died in 1S66, aged eighty-two years. 

Samuel A. Stevens was born at the old home- 
stead, July II, 1826, and came to New Haven when 
ten years of age, to live with his brother-in-law, 
William H. Talmadge. who had a shoe store on 
Chapel street, next to the City Bank. Young Sam- 
uel opened and closed the store,- ran errands, and 
attended the Lancasterian School, taught by John 
E. Lovell (now the Hillhouse High School), and 
was a student for a year in the school of S. A. 
Thomas, located irw a building at the corner of 
Wooster and Olive streets. In looking back to his 
boyhood days, Mr. Stevens recalls the playing of 
marbles with his school mates on the site of the 
home in which he has lived for forty-one years. He 
returned to his father, and worked on the home farm 
for about three years. In 1842 he went to New 

Haven a second time, to enter the hat, fur, and shoe 
store, as clerk for his brother-in-law, J. Foote, Jr., 
at No. 816 Chapel street. With him he remained 
eight years, leaving July 11, 1851, to enter into the 
same kind of business for himself, at No. 856 Chapel 
street. He began business (Jet. 6, of that year, un- 
der conditions most flattering, as about this time, 
a gentleman friend whom Mr. Stevens had known 
for some time and who was much interested in his 
future business prospects, had very unexpectediv 
offered the loan of fifteen hundred dollars ($1,500") 
without security, for the purpose of starting him in 
a business. While the proposition was a "surprise 
he had not been long in availing himself of this 
most beneficent ofifer, and soon secured the store 
above mentioned, where in a few days the friend 
advanced him fifteen one-hundred dollar bills. With 
this fund in his stockings, eight of them in one 
stocking and seven in the other, Mr. Stevens had 
gone to New York City and there bought the nec- 
essary goods for "stocking" the store, thus prac- 
tically beginning his business career. Having a 
large circle of friends, to whom he had commended 
himself both by his personal and business character- 
istics, he naturally won a good degree of success. 

After about twelve years he found his accommo- 
dations were too small for his increasing business, 
and in 1863 he rented one of the stores now occu- 
pied by Howe & Stetson, on the north side of 
Chapel street, between Orange and State streets. 
Entirely remodeling the store, he started out in his 
new quarters, by receiving congratulations from his 
many friends upon having the most attractive shoe 
store in the State. About two years after he very 
unexpectedly sold out his very lucrative business to 
I. T. Banks, who had carried on the same kind of 
business in Atlanta, Ga., but who was compelled to 
vacate when Gen. Sherman's army entered the city 
during the Civil war. As he had been closely con- 
fined by his business for fourteen years, Mr. Stevens 
determined to rest before again entering the com- 
mercial world, and at the close of the Rebellion, 
made a tour through the devastated portion of the 
Southern States. Soon after his return, he formed 
a copartnership, under the firm name of Jovce & 
Stevens, for the purpose of manufacturing ladies' 
and misses' fine shoes. 

At the end of twelve years he withdrew from 
this firm with the intention of not entering: into anv 
p>ermanent business again. Some two years after 
an old friend of his, P. S. Crofut, who had been in 
the hat, cap and fur trade on the north side of 
Chapel street, near Orange street, for many years, 
was compelled to go into bankruptcy, and ]\Ir. 
Stevens was appointed receiver. In closing up the 
estate he sold the stock to J. N. Collins, who con- 
tinued the business. In 1878 Friend E. Brooks and 
Mr. Stevens formed a copartnership, under the 
style of Stevens & Brooks, and bought out Air. 
Collins. The new firm continued the same business 
for about ten years when Air. Stevens withdrew 





.uM&uJ. xCia jJajjaLltl l i Witrtr -n i aat»,ifjljgafcsaua^SjaiMii r'--^'^-^ 



fr.^n Ihc tinn on account of impaired health. Soon 
aitcr lie took a pleasure trip through Southern Cali- 
f..Mu.i, and upon his return, three months later, he 
»w. ai'i|K.intcd secretary and treasurer of the West 
|l.»\cii &■ N'l-'W Haven Horse Railroad Co., to which 
r.".!cvuted a share of his time for about two years. 
\S hi-ii tlic road was sold to a Boston syndicate he 
.. M Ills interest and resigned his position. When 
,-) i.;ihfornia, Mr. Stevens was so delighted with the 
/..iintry and climate, that in the winter of 1893 he 
utiii Jut a second time, spending the winter in Red- 
!.iiiil> and ^loreno, and while there became so fas- 
iiiiated with the culture of oranges that he pur- 
cli.tscd four acres in Redlands and forty in Aloreno, 
Mt out to orange trees. 

In 1894 Mr. Stevens' daughter, who had grad- 
uated from Rye Seminary, New York, accompanied 
him for the second time. The next year, 1895, he 
lia<l planned to go, but was taken critically ill and 
was obliged to remain at home, going out the three 
.successive winters. He came home June i, 1898, 
not feeling well, and very unexpectedly found his 
daughter sick, and she passed away July 24. From 
that time Mr. Stevens has been a confirmed invalid. 

On Sept. I, 1859, Mr. Stevens was married to 
Miss KUen M. Ives, at her home on Wall street, 
New Haven, Conn. Her father, Henry Ives, man- 
iif.icturer of carriage axles in ^It. Carmel, Conn., 
ilicd atH)Ut si.x months prior to the marriage of his 
daughter. Mrs. Stevens was the mother of three 
children, two of whom died in infancy: Eliza Ives, 
lK>rii May 6, 1861, died Aug. 8 of the same year; 
Nellie, born Sept. 12, 1862, died Sept. 20 of the 
same year; and Alabel Ives, born Nov. 25, 1873, 
<lied July 24, 1898. The mother of these three girls 
died June 30, 18S0, at the age of forty-seven years. 
Mr. Stevens is now in his seventy-sixth year, and 
tlirough all his eventful career he has endeavored 
to live a consistent Christian life, but he says he is 
fully aware of his short comings and, to his regret, 
lie can only present to his Maker a few withered 
leaves instead of the great sheaves of wheat which 
he should have brought. 

JOSEPH COAN (deceased). The Coan fam- 
ily is of German descent, and has long been estab- 
li^Iled in New England. In 1715 three brothers 
came from Worms, Germany. Their parents ac- 
companied them on an emigrant ship, but died on 
the way, and consequently the boys were landed on 
«':e .Xmerican shore in a destitute condition. The 
i\v«' older boys were apprenticed to Deacon AIul- 
•"•rd. of East Hampton, L. I., where they were mar- 
r:<'I when they reached adult years. After their 
ii:.-»rriage they removed to Guilford, where they 
I'-i-^eil tile remainder of their lives and died. The 
o'.li'.r brother, Abraham, left no record of his career 
:n ].iv. 

i'etiT Coan, one of the brothers reared by Dea- 
t.'ii Muliord. and the progenitor of the line in 
wlnclj wc arc especially interested, was born in 

Worms, in 1697. In East Hampton he married 
Hannah Davis, and died in North Guilford, Oct. 
31, 1799. Their children were: John, born in 
December, 1729; Lucretia; Rebecca; Jacob, born 
in 1734; Mabel; Abraham; Hannah; Martha, 
married George Dudley; Elisha ; William, born 
Feb. 24, 1747, died Jan. 28, 1748; ^lary, born July 
30, 1750, married Jacob Kimberly. 

John Coan, noted above, was born in East 
Hampton, and came with his parents, in 1736, to 
Guilford, where he passed the remainder of his life, 
and died Oct. 18, 1795. In 1752 he married Mabel 
Chittenden, who was born Nov. 5, 1737, and died 
^lay 12, 1787. For his second wife he married the 
Widow Francis. He was the father of the follow- 
ing children : ( i ) Olive, who married William 
Fowler, and died Feb. 12, 1849; (-) ^label, born in 
1758, who married Robert Kimberly; (3) Josiah, 
born Nov. 20, 1760, who married Carrie Graves; 

(4) John, wdio will be mentioned in full below ; 

(5) Rebecca, born in 1765, who married Samuel 
F. Loper, and died Aug. 3, 1848; (6) Simeon, who 
married Parnell Fowler, and died Nov. 5, 1815; 
(7) Submit, bom Dec. 7, 1769, who married Aaron 
Chittenden, and died July 24, 1849; (8) Lucretia, 
who married Abel Chittenden; (10) Abraham, 
bom Nov. 9, 1774, who married Alartha Linds- 
ley, and died Feb. 14, 1863; (11) Davis, born in 
1785, who married Catherine Fowler, and died July 
27, 1822. 

John Coan, son of John, was born at North 
Guilford in January, 1763, and there died in No- 
vember, 1845. He married Hannah Stevens, vVho 
was born in 1767, and died Nov'. 27, 1820. Their 
children were as follows : ( i ) Hannah, born in 
1787, married Joseph Fowler; (2) John, born Aug. 
22, 1789; (3) Henriettta, born in June, 1794, died 
Sept. 24, 1795; (4) Abraham, born Aug. 2, 1797, 
married Eunice Cook, and died Jan. 4, 1875. 

John Coan, noted above, married, in October, 
1809, Phebe A. Fowler, who was born Feb. 22, 
1791, and died Sept. 19, 1821. For his second 
wife he married, Sept. 22, 1829, Betsy Hart, who 
v/as born Aug. 24, 1803, and died ]\Iarch 15, 1873. 
The children by his first marriage were : One that 
died unnamed; Jerome, born in 1816, died July 26, 
1829; Abraham, born June 11, 1817, died in 1848; 
and Julia Ann, born in 1821, married Rev. Seth L. 
Chapin, and died Jan. 21. 1876. By the second 
marriage were born: Phebe, born June 6, 1830, 
married Orrin Potter ; Jerome and Joseph, twins, 
born June 19, 1834. John Coan, the father of this 
family, was a farmer and large land owner. 

Joseph Coan (deceased), whose name introduces 
this sketch, was educated in the district schools of 
his native town, and remained on the farm with 
his parents until after his marriage, when he re- 
moved to Guilford, where he lived until the break- 
ing out of the Rebellion. He enlisted Sept. 7, 
1862, in Company E, 15th Conn. V. I., under Col. 
White, and died of typhoid fever, Nov. 7, 1862; 



his remains were interred in Alderbrook cemetery. 
Politically he was a Democrat, but without official 
aspirations. Quite popular in the community 
where he was reared, he had many friends, and was 
a man of character and standing. In religious 
connection he was a communicant of the Episcopal 

On May 7, 1856, Mr. Coan was married to 
Lydia E. Hall, who was born Jan. 29, 1836, a 
daughter of George G. and Phebe A. (Griswold) 
Hall, and died July 4. 1900. This union was blessed 
with one child, Maria Elizabeth, bom Feb. 23, 
1857, now the wife of Clifford F. Bishop. Mrs. 
Coan was a woman of much character and was of 
a religious disposition. For forty-eight years she 
had been a member of the Third Church, and was 
an active worker in its various organizations. In 
the community her influence was marked, and in 
the many associations in which the ladies of the 
town sought the public good, her presence and her 
■work were always ready and appreciated. 

The H.\ll Family, of Guilford, of whom 'Mrs. 
Coan was a descendant, traces its history in this 
country back to William Hall, who was born in 
Kent, England, a son of Gilbert Hall. William 
Hall came to America March 22, 1649, and located 
in New Haven, where he died March 8. 1669. 
Hester, his wife, died in 1683 ; she was the mother 
of John and Samuel, of whom the latter married 
Elizabeth Johnson. 

John Hall, son of William and Hester, w^as bom 
in 1648, and was but one year old when his parents 
settled in Guilford, where he died Jan. 8, 1704. On 
Nov. 13, 1668, he was married to Elizabeth Smith, 
and they became the parents of seven children : 
(l) Elizabeth, born Nov. 22, 1670; (2) ]\Iary, 
born Oct. 30, 1672, died Dec. 7, 1755; (3) John, 
horn Feb. 28, 1675, died September, 1724; (4) 
Ebenezer ; (5) Silence married Abraham Morri- 
son; (6) Eliphalet, born Jan. 15, 1682, married 
Abigail Bushnell ; (7) Nathaniel, born December, 
1683, married Rebecca Mallorv, and died Tulv 27, 

Ebenezer Hall, who was born ^larch 3, 1678, 
was engaged in farming in Guilford, his native 
town and died there in December, 1723. Deborah 
Highland, who became his wife April 11, 1700, was 
horn in 1674, and died Oct. 27, 1758. Their chil- 
dren were: (i) Ebenezer, born Jan. 30, 1701, 
married Elizabeth Crittenden, and died Sept. 9, 
1734; (2) Daniel, bom April 10, 1702, died June 
9- 1741 ; (3) Deborah, born Oct. 26, 1704, married 
Ebenezer Field, and died April 6, 1753; (4) [ohn ; 
(5) Joseph, born May 26, 1710, married Mary 
Crittenden, and died Dec. 11, 1764: (6) Benjamin, 
born May 27, 1712,. married Judith Hall, and died 
Dec. I. 1802: {-) Esther, born May 27, 17 17, mar- 
ried Jehiel Johnson, and died Sept. 9, 1779: (8) 
Timothy, bom Nov. 10. 172 1, married Sarah Bris- 
tol, and died July 29, 1771. 

John Hall, son of Ebenezer, was born in Guil- 

ford, Dec. 27, 1706, and died Feb. 9, 1742. He 
was married to Jerusha Johnson, Nov. 2, 1737. 
She was born Oct. 31, 1720, a daughter of Isaac 
and Phebe (Bristol) Johnson, and a granddaugh- 
ter of Isaac and Mary (Hotchkiss) Johnson. For 
her second husband she married, Nov. 15, 1744, 
Ebenezer Hotchkiss. By her marriage to Mr. 
Hall she became the mother of two children : Han- 
nah, born Aug. 14, 1738, died Nov. 30, 1738; and 

Miles Hall, son of John, was born in Guilford, 
Oct. 23, 1740, and died there Oct. 26, 180 1. On 
Feb. 3, 1762, he was married to Sarah Bishop, who 
was born Aug. 18. 1736, daughter of David and 
Deborah (Stanley) Bishop, and died April 8, 1792. 
This marriage was blessed with the following chil- 
dren : (I) Sarah, born Sept. 12, 1763, married 
Samuel Evarts ; (2) John, born 1765, died Oct. 6, 
1769; (3) Nathan, born 1767, died Oct. 14, 1771 ; 

(4) Jerusha, born Aug. 10, 1771, married Luther 
Stone; and (5) John (2). 

John Hall (2), born May 21, 1775, in Guilford, 
died there Juh- 27, 1807. ' He married Hannah 
Griswold, who was born May 26, 1771, a daughter 
of Thomas and Hannah (Cruttenden) Griswold, 
and died Nov. 10, 1840. Thomas Griswold was a 
private in Capt. Daniel Hand's company in Col. ' 
Talcott's regiment in 1776. The children born 
to this union were: (i) Amos, Jan. 18, 1795, mar- 
ried Betsey Graves, and died June 11, 1847; (2) 
Sarah, born Jan. 22, 1798, married Animi G. Fow- 
ler; (3) John, born April 15, 1799, married Bet- 
sey Davis, and died Aug. 16, 1870; (4) Betsey, 
born July 28, 1801, married Christopher B. Davis; 

(5) Caroline, born Aug. 29. 1803, married Joel 
Bullard, and died June 17, 1842; and (6) George 

George Griswold Hall, father of Mrs. Lydia E. 
Coan, was hom in Guilford, Feb. 2, 1806, and 
there died Sept. 11, 1887. On Oct. 4, 1830, he was 
married to Phebe Ann Griswold, who was born 
Nov. 27, 181 1. They became the parents of the 
following children: (i) George Hiram, born 
April 30, 1833, married Mary E. Morse; (2) Ly- 
dia Elizabeth, born Jan. 29, 1836, married Joseph 
Coan; (3) Edward Douglass, lx)rn .April i, 1840, 
married Fannie Barstow Hyde; (4) Charles Au- 
gustus, born Sept. 8, 1841, married Lucretia Da- 

Miles Griswold, great-grandfather of Mrs. 
Coan, was born Jan. 2, 1736, a son of Thomas 
and Ann (Graves) Griswold. and a brother of 
Thomas Griswold, who served in the Revolutionarv 
war. He died March 20. 1821. On June 14, 1758, 
he married Sarah (Chittenden), who was born 
July 9, 1737, a daughter of Samuel and Susanna 
(Bishop) Chittenden, and died June 23, 1766. 
One child blessed this marriage, Ruth, born Nov. 
25, 1760, who married James Davis. For his sec- 
ond wife Miles Griswold married, Jan. 4, 1769, 
Ruth Bartlett, who was born Oct. i, 1738, a daugh- 

(■ ,i! 



tcr «»f (.'apt. Joseph and IMindwell (Cruttendenj 
I'.aril.-tt. and died Dec. 31, 1831. Their children 
\\crf: ( I) Sarah, born Feb. 9, 1774, died Oct. 15, 
i-.<»: (J) Jt'v; (3) iUindwell, born Aug. 4, 1780, 

. icd "St-pt. i«,' 1845- 

I<iv (Iriswold, son of ]\liles, was bom Oct. 2j, 
i;;^, 'aiul dieil -May 15, 1851. On Nov. 22, 1798, 
he was married to Juliana Saxton, who was bom 
\pril 30. 1777, and died April 26, 1833, a daugh- 
!«.r of Simeon and Sarah Saxton, the former of 
wlioin was a private in the Revolutionary war. 
I-'or Ins second wife Joy Grisvvold married, Aug. 
-'". '835, Hannah Woodruff, a widow, born Jan. 
13. 179O, died June 3, 1872. The children, all of 
wliom were born of the first marriage, were : ( i ) 
Sarah, twrn May 24, 1800, died April 5, 1845, ""- 
married; (2) Myrta, born Sept. 26, 1802, married 
Louis Griswold, and died May 22, 1837; (3) Sher- 
man Saxton, born Nov. 26, 1805, married Alma 
1-owier, and died Nov. 2, 1882; (4) Russell Bart- 
lett, born Sept. 24, 1808, married Alary Jones; (5) 
IMiebe Ann, born Nov. 27, 181 1, married George 
Griswold Hall; (6) Mary Elizabeth, born Dec. 16, 
1817, married Edward T. Moore; {~) Juliet, born 
Nov. 19, 1820, married John Parmelee. 

Tut: Ihsiiop F.\MiLY has long been represented 
in New England. Its first progenitor in this coun- 
try was John Bishop, whose son, Stephen, was a 
farmer, and died in Guilford in June, 1690. 
Tabitlia Wilkinson, his wife, whom he had mar- 
ried May 4, 1654, died Dec. 21, 1692. Their chil- 
dren were: (i) Stephen, born Dec. 20, 1655, mar- 
ried Hannah Bartlett; {z) Tabitha, born Sept. 14, 
''»57; (3) Caleb, born June 24, 1660, married 
Lydia Evarts, and died Aug. 19, 1752; (4) Daniel, 
U^rn Dec. 8, 1663. died young; (5) Mehitable, born 
Dec. 12, 1668, married John Whiteham ; (6) Han- 
nah, l)om March 27, 1671 ; (7) Josiah, bom June 
30, 1674; (8) Ebenezer; (9) James, born Aug. 18, 
1678. married Thankful Pond, and died Julv 2, 

Ebenezer Bishop, who was born in Guilford. 
Aug. 5, 1675, died in February, 1744. Ann Lati- 
mer, his wife, whom he married Nov. 3, 1699, died 
Oct. 6, 1752. Their children were: (i) Ann, born 
April 10, 1701, died Oct. 15, 1761 ; (2) Josiah, 
bom Nov. I, 1703, married Hannah Chittenden, 
and died April 12, 1745; (3) Joshua, bom 1704, 
married Silence Crampton, and died Nov. 13, 1777; 
(4) Ebenezer, born 1707, married Sarah Stevens. 
and died Oct. 27, 1747; (5) Caleb; (6) Expen- 
cnce. iK^m Feb. i, 1718, died Feb. 25, 1718; (7) 
Mnuicl. l)orn Oct. 28, 1719, and (8) Elisha, born 
•\»- (k i;23, both died young. 

Cald) r.ishop, who was born in East Guilford 
in 'ct<.l)er. 1714, engaged in farming all his life, 
•"" < K-<! I-el). 16. 1785. In 1744 he married Abi- 
jjaii .irmelee, who was born in June. 1719, and 
«'h-. 1-fb. 8. 1780. Their children were: (ij Bud- 
wcll, iK.rn Nov. 3, 1745, died Oct. 5, 1820; (2) 
Linus. iM.rn May 10, 1749; (3) Russell, born Dec. 

12, 1752, married Abigail Bartlett, and died Oct 
26, 1825. 

Linus Bishop, who was born May 10. 1749, died 
Sept. 14, 1830. He was married 'to Sarah Hill, 
June 29, 1785, and she died June i. 1822. She was 
a daughter of Peleg and Dorcas ( Tucker) Hill, and 
by her marriage with Mr. Bishop became the 
mother of the following children : ( i ) Sarah, born 
Dec. 19, 1786, died Jan. 11, 1871 ; (2) Richard, 
born March 8, 1790, married Polvanthus Scranton ; 
and (3) Frederick. 

Frederick Bishop was bom Dec. 17, 1792, in 
Madison, and there died Oct. 3, 1855. He was 
married Dec. 24, 1818, to Olive Bassett, who was 
born June 30, 1799, a daughter of Nathan and 
i Olive (Clark) Bassett, of Guilford, and died Feb. 
I 9, 1842. Eleven children were born of this union, 
j as follows: (i) Frederick William, born Oct. i, 
I 1819, died Feb. 9, 1822: (2) Henn-, born Oct. 
I 12, 1821, died Oct. 5, 1844; (3) Edward, born 
j April 20. 1823. married Elizabeth F. Stannard ; 
I (4) George, born Dec, 1824, married Nancv M. 
; Evarts; (5) William Frederick (2), born Ma'v 27, 
j 1827, married Sarah A. Chittenden ; (6) A'lbert 
I Ferdinand, born May 11, 1829, married Eliza J. 
1 Farnham; (7) Samuel R., born Oct. 22, 1831, mar- 
ried Catherine E. Blatchlev; (8) Joseph Richard, 
I born April 15, 1834, died Nov. 2, 1834; (9) Marv 
I Elizabeth, born Feb. 21, 1836, married George W. 
j Jacobs; (10) Joseph Richard, born Feb. 28, 1838, 
j married Louisa Baldwin; (11) Nancy Clarissa, 
j born June 27, 1842, married Birney Buddington. 
j Edward Bishop, who was bom in Aladison, 
April 20, 1823, was married Aug. 23, 1855. to 
I Elizabeth F. Stannard, who was born in 1834, and 
i died Feb. 27, 1862. Edward Bishop was a sea- 
I faring man, and engaged in the coasting trade be- 
i tv.'een Madison, Guilford and New York. He was 
I captain of a vessel for many years, when he retired 
j from active life, and made his home in New Haven, 
[ where he died June 19, 1898. and his remains were 
j interred in the cemetery at Madison. He was the 
j father of two children : Clifford Forrest ; and Min- 
! nie B., born Feb. 10, i860, became the wife of 
! James Young. 

i Clifford Forrest Bishop was born in Guilford, 

Sept. 17, 1856, and received his education in the 

district schools and at Lee's Academy in Madison. 

I He learned the sheet iron and plumbing business 

with Robinson & Co. In his political faith he is 

a Republican, while in his religious belief he is a 

! Congrcgationalist. He married Maria Elizabeth 

' Coan. daughter of the late Joseph and Lvdia E. 

I (Hall) Coan. 

I EDWIN W. POTTER, one of the representa- 
I tive citizens and successful business men of Ham- 
■ den. New Haven county, was born on the farm 
where he now resides, Feb. 3. 1833. He is a de- 
! scendant of John Potter, who was born in Eng- 
' land in 1607. died in New Haven in 1643; he was 



the founder of the family in the New World. 
Philemon (4), a descendant from the above John, 
was born ]\larch 31, 1735. 

Justus Potter, son of Philemon and grandfather 
of our subject, was bom in Hamden, Conn., in 
1772, and married Anna M. Hunt, who was born 
Dec. 5, 1777. Their son, Horace Potter, was born 
in the same town, Dec. 14, 1798, on a farm our 

, subject now owns, and died March 8, 1869. He 
was married ]May 7, 1821, to Emma Beckley, who 
was born in Berlin, Conn., July 17, 1799, and died 
Nov. 14, 1847. Their remains rest in the East 
Plains cemetery in Hamden. Horace Potter was 
but a boy when his father died, and he was thus 
early thrown upon his own resources, but he be- 
came a successful man in the face of adversity and 
lack of opportunities in his youth, and was a citi- 
zen of no little influence. In early life he learned 
the shoemaker's trade in Berlin, and it was there 
that he became acquainted with his future wife. 
Almost immediately after his marriage he located 
on the place in Hamden where he ever afterward 
lived, in later years devoting his time and attention 
to market gardening. He was a very prominent 
and influential man in his community, one whose 
mtegrity was never questioned, and he was called 
upon to serve as selectman of Hamden several 
years, and twice as member of the Legislature. 
He was a Democrat in political sentiment. Relig- 
iously he was a member of the Episcopal church of 
Fair Haven. Physically Mr. Potter was short in 
stature and stoutly built. Mr. and Mrs. Potter 
had born to them a family of twelve chil- 
dren, the others besides Edwin being as fol- 
lows: Amelia M., born May 4, 1822, married 
Charles Tuttle, and died July 3, 1887 ; Henry J., 
born Nov. 17, 1823, died April 29, 1829; Samuel 

.F., born Aug. 11, 1825, died in North Haven, 
June 6, 1874: Horace B., bom July 28, 1827, is 
living retired in ^Muscatine, Iowa; Henry S., born 
Sept. 30, 1829, makes nis home in Detroit, Mich.; 
Edwin B., born Feb. 13, 1831, died Sept. 29, 1832; 
Emily ^I., born Aug. 28, 1834, died July 2, 1852; 
Sarah F., born Alarch 30, 1838, died March 23, 
1853; Catherine A., born July 12, 1841, died March 
0, 1852; one son died the dav of his birth; and 
iMmott C, born April 3, 1843, is a resident of 

Edwin W. Potter passed his early life upon the 
farm where he now resides, and he obtained his 
literary education in the common schools of the 
locality, attending the little old brick school at 
East Plains, Hamden, and a short time at Center- 
ville, at Rev. C. W. Everest's school. On leaving 
home, at the age of twenty-two years, he moved 
to the farm now occupied by Elihu Davis, and upon 
that place lived for seven years. In 1861 he began 
the erection of his present residence upon the old 
nome farm, and upon its completion, in the spring 
of 1862, took up his abode there. Here he owns 
forty acres of land, and also has property elsewhere, 

his landed possessions aggregating 125 acres, a 
part of which is valuable clay adapted for brick 
making, which he utilizes in that way. Formerly 
in connection with the manufacture of brick he also 
engaged extensively in market gardening, planting 
thirty acres of his land in vegetables of all kinds, 
and he raises considerable small fruit upon his 
place. He successfully carried on his brickyard 
from 1870 to 1898, and in all his undertakings has 
steadily prospered. 

On Oct. 21, 1857, Mr. Potter was united in 
marriage in Fair Haven with Miss Eveline ]\I. 
Newton, who was born in Winchester, N. H., on 
Christmas Day, 1836, and at the age of thirteen 
years came to Fair Haven, Conn., with her parents, 
Norman B. and Mary (x^lexander) Newton, mak- 
ing her home there until her marriage. To this 
union came three children, namely: Burton D., 
born in October, 1864, is engaged in business with 
his father and resides at home. Evelyn N., living 
at home, graduated from the New Haven high 
school in the class of 1890, and later attended St. 
Agnace School at Albany, N. Y. Edwin M. died 
at the age of sixteen months. 

The Democratic party finds in Mr. Potter a 
stanch supporter of its principles, and he has been 
honored with public office, having served as a mem- 
ber of the State Legislature in 1874, the last ses- 
sion held at New Haven, during which he was a 
member of the committee on Cities and Boroughs. 
In the fall of 1900 he was again elected to the 
Legislature. His majority of 163 in a town where 
the normal Republican majority is 300, speaks for 
his esteem. During his last term he was a member 
of the committee on Humane Institutions. ^Mr. 
Potter has been selectman of Hamden for ten con- 
secutive years, and thirteen years altogether. Fra- 
ternally he is a member of Day Spring Lodge, F. 
&. A. M., of Hamden ; and religiously both he and 
his wife are active and prominent members of St. 
James Episcopal Church, of Fair Haven, of which 
he has been a member for forty-five years, and 
w^arden for over twenty-five years. Wherever 
known he is held in high regard, and has manv 
friends throughout the county. The family stand 
high socially. 

prominent citizens of New Haven county, is a na- 
tive of Massachusetts, lx)rn June 26, 185 1, in West 

Rev. Sidney Bryant, father of our subject, was 
born Dec. 15, 1812, in Sheffield, Alass., where he 
lived enjoying, until the death of his father, in 1830, 
the advantages and discipline common to farmers' 
sons in those days. In the spring of the follow- 
ing year he went to New Lebanon, N. Y., to learn 
the trade of mason, intending to remain there three 
years ; but during the summer, while attending a 
four days' religious meeting, he was converted, and 
soon united with the Presbvterian Church. After 




leaching school for a time, he commenced to study 
for the ministry, and in 1833 he entered the Oneida 
Institute at Whitesboro, N. Y., graduating there- 
from in 1837. From Whitesboro lie went to Troy 
and joined a class in theology under Dr. Bcman and 
Prof. Larned, his second year in theology being 
spent at New Haven. On Aug. 6, 1839, he was li- 
censed as a preacher by the Hartford South Asso- 
ciation, and he preached in various places. In 1841 
he was installed in West Stockbridge, Mass., re- 
maining there twelve years, and from 1855 to i860 
he served the Church in East Granby, in the fall of 
the latter year locating in Twinsburg, Ohio, where 
he remained eight years. He then spent a year in 
Oberlin for the educational advantages of the place ; 
preached two years in York, five in Vermilion and 
two in Waterford, Pa. In the spring of 1877 he 
retired from active work and remained so until his 
death at Middletown. He was a faithful and zeal- 
ous servant of the Master, and a member of the 
Litchfield South Association. 

On Feb. 23, 1841, Rev. Sidney Bryant was mar- 
ried to Harriet Warner Lord, who was born in 
Canaan, N. Y., one of the ten children of Deacon 
Joshua and ]\Iary (Douglas) Lord, farming people. 
Rev. Sidney Bryant died Nov. 3, 1885. aged seventy- 
three years, and his wife in 1886, when seventy-one 
years old. To their union were born three children, 
two of whom survive: Judge Samuel J., our sub- 
ject, and Mrs. Harriet L. Burke, of Wallingford. 

Judge Samuel J. Bryant was graduated from 
01>erHn College in 1873, and from Yale Theologi- 
cal Seminary in 1876. In the winter of 1869-70 he 
taught his first school in York, Ohio; winter of 
1870-71, taught at Briar Hill. Ohio; winter of 1871- 
72, taught at Brownhelm, Ohio; winter of 1872-73, 
taught in winter school at Oberlin ; winter of 1873- 
74, taught at Weston, Vt., this last teaching being 
while he was a member of the Theological school at 
Yale University. From July, 1876, to July, 1884, 
he was pastor of the Congregational Church at 
South Britain, Conn., at the latter date moving to 
West Haven, Conn., in the following November be- 
coming identified with the Alaltby, Stevens & Curtiss 
Co., of Wallingford, Conn. While a member of 
Yale Theological Seminary, he spent the summer 
vacation of 1874 in supplying a Congregational 
Church at Braintree Hill, Vt., under appointment of 
the \ ermont Home Missionary Society. The vaca- 
tion of 1875 he spent in supplying the Congrega- 
tional Church at Weston, Vt., 'where he had for- 
merly taught school, and during his last year at 
the seminary, he preached every Sabbath except 
three in Connecticut churches. Thus by teaching 
and preaching, and in other ways, he paid a large 
part of the expense of his education, and to 
his credit be it said that while in college he 
earned some money by sawing wood and work- 
ing in gardens. He says he always found time 
for and greatly enjoyed athletic sports, espec- 
ially baseball. He found it easv work in his 

studies, hut not until he reached the seminary did 
he apply himself assiduously and try to improve his 
opportunities. His college honors were confined to 
the literary society and the athletic field. In one 
annual contest between three college societies, he 
was one of two to represent the society of which he 
was a member. 

The first ambition of our subject was to be a 
farmer, later, however, deciding to become a physi- 
cian, which choice he held to until the second term 
of his senior year in college, w^hen he resolved on 
the ministry for his life work. The one who most 
influenced him to study for the ministry was, he 
avers. Doctor Noble, of Oberlin, with whom he lived 
during the winter of 1872-73 for the purpose 
largely of becoming initiated in the study of medi- 
cine ; and yet a greater influence was that of Ale.x. 
Alexander, an alumnus of Yale, himself prevented 
by poor health from preaching, but, as Mr. Bryant 
says, the most enthusiastic and devoted man he ever 
knew, in respect to the ministry. 

When Rev. Bryant resigned his pastorate it was 
at the time a necessity on account of his aged and 
infirm parents, and for the same reason he was at 
a loss to know when he could resume the work ; so, 
rather than be dependent, he chose to accept a favor- 
able opening in business (with the Maltby, Stevens & 
Curtiss Co., 1884, previously mentioned), to which 
at that time (Nov. 10, 1884) he thought he was 
better adapted than to a professional life. 

In 1892, having finally decided to take up the 
profession of law, Judge Bryant entered the law 
department of Yale University, and was admitted to 
the Bar in June, 1895, immediately opening a law 
office in New Haven. The position he had accepted 
in 1884 he held up to 1891, when he went into part- 
nership with Walter A. Main, in the insurance and 
real estate business in West Haven, Conn., and this 
continued until 1896, in which year, on account of 
i his increased practice of law, the partnership was 
dissolved. It may be added that his practice is 
mainly in the Probate Court. 

In politics Judge Bryant is a Republican and 
takes an active part in the affairs of the party. In 
November, 1888, he was elected to represent the 
town of Orange in the Legislature of 1889-90, and 
while serving there he was chairman of the commit- 
tee on contested elections and clerk of the committee 
on humane institutions. In April, 1895, he was ap- 
pointed judge of the Orange Town Court. He was 
delegate from the Town of Orange to the constitu- 
tional convention. While a resident of South Brit- 
ain he was a member of the school board, and has 
since for several years held a similar position in 
West Haven ; was also member of the board of 
wardens and burgesses, was chairman of the Re- 
publican town committee, and served as assessor. 
In the Congregational Church he takes an active 
interest. On Aug. 5. 1888, he was elected deacon 
in same at West Haven; in January, 1891, was 
elected superintendent of the Sabbath-school ; at 



present he is chairman of the board of deacons, and 
is also treasurer. 

Fraternally Judge Bryant belongs to the F. & A. 
M., having been made a Freemason in January, 
1891 ; in June, 1892, joined New Haven Com- 
niandery, Xo; 2, Knights Templar; March. i8t)6, 
was elected to 32d degree ; is past master of Anna- 
wan Lodge, Xo. 115, New Haven, and has been 
district deputy for Xew Haven county : is member 
of the Chapter and Council, and in the Commandery 
has held the office of eminent commander, and in 
the Grand Commandery of Connecticut is senior 
warden. He is a charter member of the United 
Workmen Lodge at Xew Haven, of which he was 
the first financial secretary, and was also at one time 
identified with the Knights of Honor ; and he is 
a member of the Samoset Club, of West Haven ; of 
the Knight Templar Club, of Xew Haven ; and Adi- 
rondack League Club, of X'ew York, a club organ- 
ized for forest preservation and hunting and fish- 
ing, owning 88,000 acres and capitalized at $500,000 
— the largest club of its kind, and it contains a dis- 
tinguished membership, 265 at present. 

In 1876 Judge Bryant was married to Ellen Ty- 
ler, who was born in X'ew Haven, the only daugh- 
ter and only living child of the family of Dr. Da- 
vid A. and Elizabeth ( Alaltbyj Tyler, the former of 
whom, born at Xorthford, was for forty years a 
practicing physician in X'ew Haven, the latter be- 
ing now deceased. Four children, all born in South 
Britain, came of this union, the eldest of whom, 
Robert W., died at the age of thirteen, and Ellen T. 
at the age of seven, both being ilrowned ; Harriet 
E., born March 11, 1877, is the wife of Howard W. 
Thompson, cashier of the X'ational Tradesman's 
Bank, Xew Haven (they have one daughter, Doris) ; 
and Douglas L., born Xov. 19, 188 1, member of 
Sheffield Scientific School. 

HIRA:\I W. RAXDALL (deceased) was bom 
at Bridgeport Sept. 9, 1830. His father, who also 
bore the name of Hiram, d'ied when his son was 
an infant in arms ; he married Sally Pritchard, 
whose birthplace was Seymour, and who was a 
daughter of Leverett Pritchard, who died on ship- 
board during the war for independence. 

After the death of his father our subject was 
tenderly reared by his widowed mother. He en- 
joyed such educational advantages as were af- 
forded by the common schools, and while yet a 
youth entered the store of Lucius Tuttle as a clerk. 
He was industrious, economical and far-sighted, 
and it was not many years before he was able to 
purchase his employer's business. He was emi- 
nently successful as a merchant, being at once keen 
and upright, sagacious and liberal. He was re- 
puted to be one of the best buyers in the Xauga- 
luck Valley, and being satisfied with reasonable 
profits, his trade grew apace. He was public-spir- 
ited and popular, and for more than a quarter of a 
century was the most prosperous dealer in his sec- 

tion. He died at the age of fifty-six, enjoying an 
unblemished reputation, esteemed by his fellow 
men, and sincerely mourned by his friends. 

In 1854 Mr. Randall married Miss ^^lartha 
AI. Gilbert, who is yet living in the house where 
she was born, which was erected by Gen. Hum- 
phrey, of Revolutionary fame, and bought by her 
father. She comes of a long line of distinguished 
ancestors, many of whom — in both direct and col- 
lateral lines — gained renown as patriot soldiers 
during the struggle which began in 1776 and 
was terminated by the recognition of American in- 
dependence after a seven-years' struggle against 
overwhelming odds. Her genealogical record is a 
most interesting one. Her grandfather, Thomas 
Gilbert, served in the army of the Revolution. 
While in the service he contracted that dread dis- 
ease small-pox, which resulted in totally depriving 
him of his sight. His home was in Huntington, 
but later in life he removed to Derby, where he 
died after rounding out a well-spent life of ninety 
years. He married Abigail Holbrook, whose fa- 
ther, as well as several of whose brothers, were also 
followers of General Washington. She, too, died 
a nonogenarian, and was the mother of eight chil- 

The father of Mrs. Randall was Ezekiel Gil- 
bert, who was born and grew to manhood in Hunt- 
ington. His early life was spent upon a farm, but 
in 1830 he removed to Seymour, where for several 
_\ears he was engaged in trade, enjoying the dis- 
tinction of being one of the town's earliest mer- 
chants. He established his son in business in Xew 
Haven, and returning to Seymour died there, in 
his fifty-sixth year. His wife's maiden name was 
Sarah Hurd. Her father, Wilson Hurd, was a resi- 
dent of Oxford, where she was born ; she died at 
Great Hill. He, too, served in the war of the Rev- 
olution, and was a man of no little prominence in 
the community, his fellow citizens choosing him to 
represent them in the Legislature, and elevating 
him to the office of selectman. Both he and his 
wife were confirmed in the Episcopal Church, and 
were devout members of that communion until 
their death, Mrs. Ezekiel Gilbert passing away at 
the ripe old age of seventy-five, while her husband 
preceded her to the grave, in his fifty-sixth year. 

Mrs. Hiram W. Randall has spent her life in 
Seymour. She is one of five widowed sisters : 
Esther A. (Mrs. Stoddard) ; Catherine (Mrs. 
Minot F. Osborne); Sarah (Mrs. Wilcox); and 
Charlotte (Mrs. Osborne). She is the mother of 
five children, three of whom are yet living, (i) 
Edward, the eldest surviving son. is a resident of 
Seymour. He was educated in the common schools 
and at Cheshire Academy. For some years he was 
employed in his father's store, but subsequently 
became connected with the Silver Plate Co.. of 
Shelton. He married Elizabeth Steinmetz, who 
was born in Xew York City, and two children have 
been born to them, Kate and Hiram. (2) Walter 



Kniulall. the iioxt son, was for several years super- 
intnulciit of the Silver Plate Co.. of Shelton, and 
IS now iHJokkecper for the Whitlock Manufactur- 
:iic' L"i).. of that town. He married Olive X'oulette 
*\\1i;tlock, wiiose father, H. Sturgis Whitlock, was 
< nc of the founders of the Whitlock Machine Co., 
<.i| Slielton. and the inventor of the press they 
niiuuitactnrc. Mr. and ]Mrs. Walter Randall have 
(inc child, Gilbert E. (3) Gilbert, the youngest of 
.Mrs. Randall's three living children, graduated from 
the N'orwalk ^Military Institute, and has been in the 
employ of Trice, Lee & Co., of New Haven, as a 

Mrs. Randall, as were her parents, is a member 
of the Episcopal Church, and is a communicant at 
Trinity, in Seymour. She is a member of Sarah 
Ludlow Chapter, Daughters of the American Rev- 
olution, of Seymour, and was for many years a 
member of the Woman's Club of that town. Mr. 
Randall was a Democrat politically, but he voted 
independently, supporting the best man. 

EGBERT E. PARDEE, ex-deputy judge and 
clerk of the town court of Orange, was bom Dec. 
16, 1840, in West Haven, and belongs to one of 
tiie pioneer families of that section. His grand- 
fatlier, Silas Pardee, was a native of the town of 
C)range, where he followed farming during his ac- 
tive years. His death occurred in middle age. 
This worthy citizen married Elizabeth Ailing, and 
they had twelve children. 

Wyllys Pardee, our subject's father, was born 
and reared in Orange, and as the eldest of a large 
family, he was early trained to hard work. He 
possessed much intelligence, and although his edu- 
cation was restricted to the common schools he be- 
came well informed by private reading. When a 
young man he learned the cooper's trade, which he 
followed in his town for some time, and afterward 
in the South and in New Haven. Later he bought 
a small farm in the village of West Haven, to 
which he retired, and there spent a good old age, 
dying at seventy-seven. He married Isabella 
P.rockett, a native of the village of West Haven, 
and daughter of Capt. Benjamin Brockett, master 
of a vessel, who was lost at sea. Her mother, 
Rachel (Clark), who lived to the age of seventy- 
six, was a member of an old and respected family 
of the village of West Haven. Benjamin and 
Rachel Brockett had six children, but none are now 
living. Our subject's mother, who was the only 
daughter, died at the age of seventy-seven. The 
Clarks, Brocketts and Pardees have usually been 
identified with the Congregational Church, and our 
.suljject was reared in that faith. He was the 
voungest of a familv of four children, the others 
being: George W.,' of North Haven: Alfred B., 
\viit> served in the Civil war, being a member of the 
>4th Conn. V. I., and who died at the Soldiers' 
ll'-nic in Xoroton, Conn., in August, i8ij8; and 
Silas S., a carpenter in West Haven. 

Egbert E. Pardee was educated in the common 
scnools of his native town and in Brown's Male 
Seminary, attending until he reached the age of 
nineteen. He then assisted his father for some 
years, and at twenty-seven left home and engaged 
in the house painter's trade, which he followed un- 
til 1887. Since that time his public duties have de- 
manded all his time. On Dec. 21, 1868, he mar- 
ried Miss Alaria L. Kelsey, and they had two chil- 
dren : Bertha Isabel, who died aged six years ; 
and Martha E., who was educated in the public 
schools of West Haven, and at a private school in 
New Haven, and died Aug. i, 1899, aged twenty- 
four years. 2\Irs. Pardee was born in Cromwell, 
Conn., daughter of William Kelsey, a farmer, who 
died in early manhood; his wife, Elizabeth (Teal), 
was a native of New York City. To William and 
Elizabeth Kelsey were born children as follows; 
Mrs. Howard Smith, of Watertown; Mrs. William 
A. Waterbury, wife of the superintendent of the 
Shore line division of the Consolidated Railroad, 
residing in New Haven; Mrs. Pardee; David, re- 
siding in Cromwell; Revilo, a well-known mer- 
cnant of Aliddletown, Conn.; and William W., 
cashier in the freight office oL the Consolidated 
Railroad at Belle Dock, New Haven. The mother 
is- still living, at the age of eighty-two years, and 
is a much respected member of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church. 

The Judge is an ardent Republican, and from 
an early age has been intiuential in public matters, 
his wide popularity making him a most desirable 
candidate. He has served on the board of town- 
ship assessors fifteen years, being chairman of that 
board except during the first year, and for ten 
years he was on the borough board. In 1886 he 
was elected justice of the peace as well as assessor, 
and he continued as trial justice of the town until 
the establishment of the town court in 1895, when 
he was appointed to the position of deputy judge 
i and clerk of the town court. This appointment 
j was for two years, and at the end of that time- he 
Vv"as reappointed, serving until 1899, when he was 
: again reappointed, to serve until 1901. During the 
j time of his service as trial justice he did a large 
I amount of work, and had a great number of cases, 
'. and the duties of his late incumbency he dispatched 
[ with marked ability. The appreciation of the pub- 
; lie is shown by the fact that he has been success- 
; ively elected at yearly elections since 1886, making 
fifteen years in all. He was one of the building 
I committee of the new town hall. When the new 
1 L'nion school building was erected he was on the 
school committee, and was the inspector of build- 
i ing from start to finish, overlooking all the work. 

• April 8, 1898, was throughout his active life prom- 
inently identified with business interests in the city 
of New Haven, where he made his home from 
j boyhood. By diligence and perseverance he 



gained a high standing in the commercial world, 
where as a successful man of affairs his judg- 
ment was sought and highly valued. 

Mr. Alersick was born in Xew York City Jan. 
8, 1838, son of John C. and Sarah (Daggett) ]\Ier- 
sick, the former a native of Boston, Mass., the 
latter of New Haven. John C. Mersick lived re- 
tired in New Haven for some years prior to his 
death, which occurred in that city in January, 1887. 
His wife lived to the advanced age of eighty. 
They were the parents of two children, Edwin 
Francis (our subject) and Charles Smith. 

Edwin F. Mersick was reared in New Haven, 
and in his early years attended both public and 
private schools. He commenced business life as 
a clerk with English, Dickman & English, and 
finally formed a partnership with James G. Eng- 
lish, continuing in business up to the time of his 
death. He was a director in the Mechanics Bank, 
treasurer of the Rattan Chair Co., and connected 
in various other ways with the most important in- 
dustries of the city, taking also an active interest 
in public affairs and improvements. 

Mr. Mersick was twice married, his first wife 
having been Emily Augusta Cannon, by whom he 
had one daughter, Sarah Emily, who is now the 
wife of Frederick T. Bradley. For his second 
wife IMr. Mersick wedded 'S'lary Emma Lewis, 
who survives him. 'Sir. Mersick was an active 
member of Trinity Church, in which he served as 
vestryman, and socially he belonged to the Quinni- 
piac Club and other organizations. He took 
especial delight in books., and was an unusually 
well-read man. 

ORLANDO JONES. Among the reliable, 
substantial and prosperous farmers of Hamden, 
New Haven county, there is probably no one who 
stands higher in the public estimation than the 
gentleman whose name introduces this sketch. He 
was born in the town of Meredith, Delaware Co., 
N. Y., April 19, 1827. a son of Edward and Nancy 
(Churchill) Jones. When he was five years of 
age the family removed to Wayne county, Penn., 
where they lived until T844, and then came to 
Hamden, Conn. Here the father died at the age 
of sixty-six years. He had eight children, of 
whom our subject is the oldest r Almira (Mrs. D. 
C. Stebbins) is now a resident of Vergennes. Vt. ; 
Edwin is deceased ; Willis lives in Buffalo. N. Y''. ; 
Charles makes his home in Bristol, Conn. ; Malinda 
is the wife of Edward Jones, of Hamden ; Emma 
is deceased ; and Eliza is the wife of Harry Davis, 
of Wallingford, Connecticut. 

Orlando Jones was educated in the public 
schools of Pennsylvania, where he made his home 
until seventeen years of age. On coming to Ham- 
den, he entered the auger factors- of his maternal" 
uncles, Joel N. & Levi Churchill, which is now 
owned by the Hamden Manufacturing Co., at 
Augerville, and there he learned the trade of 

auger making. After working for that firm eight 
years, he went to Westville, Conn., where he was 
employed in Wales French's auger factory from 
1852 to 1857, and then entered the iron foundry 
of Guy Hotchkiss, manufacturer of axles, and was 
in his employ until 1869, since which time he has 
been engaged in farming and market gardening 
upon the farm in Hamden where he now lives; 
and he has built all the buildings thereon, the home 
being erected there in 1862. 

On April 18, 1855, Mr. Jones was united in 
marriage with Miss Sylva J. Thomas, daughter of 
Caleb and Hattie Thomas, and by this union two 
sons were born : ( i) Lester O., a market gardener 
I of Hamden, married Miss Mabel Ripley, of Paris, 
I ^fe. ; he is one of the selectmen of Hamden. (2) 
Burton T., also a market gardener of Hamden, 
I married Miss Alice Woodcock, a native of Eng- 
land, who came to the United States when a girl. 
Fraternally Mr. Jones affihated with Day Spring 
Lodge, No. 30, F. & A. AL, and politically is identi- 
I fied with the Republican party. As a citizen he 
\ has the good of the community at heart and gives 
! his support to those enterprises calculated to ad- 
I vance the general welfare. He is a self-made man 
in the fullest sense. His start in the world was 
[ his own ambition and his energy, and his life has 
': been a busy and active one, but withal he is a very 
' well preserved man. 

HENRY HOMER OLDS, deceased. For al- 
j most sixty-four years Henry H. Olds, of New Ha- 
ven, lived a life- of industry and uprightness, and at 
his death June 16, 1888, he left behind him a rec- 
ord of honorable dealing and Christian conduct. 
The birth of Mr. Olds occurred July 6, 1825, 
i in New Haven. Homer Olds, his father, was a na- 
! tive of Southwick, Mass., and his mother, Clarissa 
i (Avery) Olds, was born in Wallingford, Conn. The 
I Olds family is an old one in the State of Massachu- 
; setts, the early records telling of five brothers of 
i the name coming over in the "Mayflower" and set- 
! tling there. Homer Olds was a cigar maker by 
I trade and followed it in New Haven until his death. 
I when he left two children: Henry H., the subject 
j of this biography; and Ann, who married a Mr. 
j Stout, also a cigar maker, who removed to the State 
I of New Jersey. The mother passed away at the 
j residence of her son in New Haven. 
I At the age of fourteen, Henry H. Olds began 
i his business career as a farmer boy on the estate of 
Capt. Samuel Thompson, in East Haven, leaving 
there to go to New York, to act as errand boy in a 
I livery stable for his uncle, Erastus Beach. Two 
years later he returned to New Haven and first 
learned the blacksmith and boiler making trade, and 
i later the brass molding trade, following the latter 
i until 1851. We are not informed what turned his 
attention to the pie-making business, in which he 
I so signally succeeded, and liy which he accumulated 
a large fortune, but it was in 185 1 that he first began 




it. For eight years Mr. Olds studied every method 
of the i)ie-inakinff trade, becoming thoroughly ac- 
fuiaiiitcd with ail its details and a competent judge 
of all ingredients. In 1859 he established a pie 
liakcrv in Providence, R. I., for a short time, but 
flic competition was great there, and in 1861 he re- 
turned to New Haven and built the large establish- 
ment at No. 403 Chapel street. From the first it 
was a success, for Mr. Olds was its conscientious 
manager himself, and he held his goods to the high 
standard he inaugurated ; and before long his trade 
doubled, and continued to grow, until his business 
represented the second largest house of its kind in 
the United States. 

On July 6, 1855, Mr. Olds took to himself a 
wife, fitted in every way to be his capable and con- 
genial companion, this estimable lady still residing 
in New Haven. She was Miss Elizabeth Camp- 
bell, a native of County Down, Belfast, Ireland, a 
daughter of Robert and Sarah (Clemens) Camp- 
bell, both natives of Ireland, where they spent their 
lives. No children were born of this union, but 
Mrs. Olds takes great interest in charitable and 
church work. Both she and her husband were much 
attached to the Universalist Church, to which Mr. 
Olds contributed freely, even giving a church edifice 
to the society, but his gifts were given so quietly 
that of the major number of them the world knew 

In speaking of the lamented death of Mr. Olds, 
the New Haven Palladium said: "Mr. Olds led a 
pure and benevolent life. Patriotic and honest, he 
stood by his country in the dark days of the war, 
and was a friend of the poor and oppressed. He 
was early guided by Christian principles, though not 
imtil late in life did he make a Christian profession."' 

CHARLES L. NORTHROP was born Feb. 
26, 1828, in Bethany, this county, and despite his 
seventy-four years is hale and hearty, and well 
preserved in both mind and body. 

Bela Northrop, his grandfather, was a native 
of the same town, and followed the occupation of 
a farmer, also running a saw and gristmill. He 
married Betsey Johnson, and to their union were 
born five children: Marvin (the father of our 
subject), Allen, George, Clark and Rebecca. 

Marvin Northrop was born in Bethany, and 
followed farming throughout life, dying at the ad- 
vanced age of eighty-one years. He riiarried Mary 
Sperry, who was born Sept. 26, 1805, daughter of 
Micah Sperry, a farmer of Bethany, and is still 
living, having passed her ninety-sixth milestone. 
Eight children were born to IMarvin Northrop and 
his wife, three of whom are deceased, the others 
being as follows: Charles L. is our subject; Delia 
married David Smith, of Woodbridge ; Elizur A. 
resides in Brooklyn. N. Y. ; Sarah is the wife of 
Julius Mcrwin. of New Haven; and Marshall is 
associated in business with his brother Charles. 
Botii parents were devout members of the Episco- 

pal Church. Mr. Northrop was regarded as one 
of the most energetic and successful farmers of 
his day. 

Charles L. Northrop, after reaching manhood, 
bought a farm in Woodbridge, but subsequently 
learned the carpenter's trade and was for fourteen 
j years a successful contractor and builder. In ad- 
I dition he engaged in the manufacture of matches 
I at Woodbridge for twenty-five years. In 1896 he 
I disposed of his interest in Bethany and Wood- 
j bridge, and removed to West Haven, at first oc- 
i cupying a house not far from his present location. 
I It was not long, however, before he secured the 
] very desirable property which he now occupies, 
I and to which he has given the very appropriate 
i name of "Fairview," inasmuch as it overlooks a 
I wide and fascinating marine landscape. Here he 
i entertains boarders, and the house has already be- 
] come a popular resort for pleasure seekers. 
j On July 14, 1850, 'Sir. Northrop was married 
j to Adeline F. Andrew, a daughter of Nehemiah 
i and Phinett (Sperry) Andrew, prosperous farm- 
i ing people of Bethany. Five children have 
I blessed their union, and three are yet living: (i) 
IMary married William H. Beecher, a successful 
ice dealer of New Haven, and has one daughter, 
Addie, who is now the wife of Burt Dickerson, 
superintendent of a trolley line in Salisbury, Mass., 
and has one daughter, Lila. (2) Elmer was form- 
erly a blacksmith in Bethany, where he is now in 
tne carpenter business ; he married Lucia North- 
rop, and is the father of four children, Clara 
(Mrs. Louis Sandland), Viola, Sadie and Charles. 
(3) William, the youngest, is his father's partner in 
business ; he married Marv INIoody, who died Sept. 
28, 1899. 

Politically Mr. Northrop is a Democrat, and 
was an efficient member of the board of relief in 
Woodbridge. He commands universal respect, 
I alike for his qualities of head and heart. 

i STEPHEN GUY GILBERT is a representa- 
I tive merchant as well as one of the substantial 
i and thorough business men of the town of North 
! Haven. His ancestors were old and honored set- 
i tiers of Connecticut, and his grandfather, Stephen 
! Gilbert, was a native of Hamden, where he fol- 
I lowed farming on the old place now known as the 
! Pickett farm. He is remembered as a quiet man, 
I who lived a typical rural life, farming extensively 
! and dealing justly by his neighbors, the only prom- 
inence he desired being in the Episcopal Church, 
I of which he was a devout member. He married 
I Betsey Fowler, of New Haven, and they had two 
children : Chloe and Stephen C. The daughter 
i married Alfred Bassett, and lived in Hamden, 
I later in New Haven, where Mr. Bassett held an 
i important office in the Customs House. 

Stephen C. Gilbert was born May 7, 1802, in 

Harrington, where his father owned a farm and 

I was living at that time. His education was only 



that afifordecl bv the district schools, but he so 
applied himself to his books that he was able to 
teach, through the wiuters. and worked on a farm 
during the sununers. After his marriage he 
opened a general store in Centerville, town of 
Hamden, which he conducted several years. Dis- 
posing of his mercantile business in 1830, he came 
to North Haven, where he opened a general store 
in the basement of his house, which is located 
next to the store of his son, and remained until 
increasing business made necessary the erection of 
the present building used as a store. Mr. Gilbert 
was an energetic and intelligent man, and but for 
the lack of early education might have become 
prominent in many lines, his natural ability mak- 
ing him a leader m many things in spite of disad- 
vantages. His accomplishments as a penman were 
well known. Almost any local position of honor 
was open to him, and during 1875-76 he repre- 
sented the town in the Legislature ; for a number 
of years he served as town clerk. ]\Iany sought 
his advice in business, and he was always ready to 
assist any who came to him. His death, which 
occurred in February, 1886. was mourned by the 
whole community. His devoted and estimable 
wife, Luanna P. Abbott, was bom April 3, 1810, 
in North Haven, a daughter of John Abbott, a 
merchant there. Her death occurred in Decem- 
ber, 1891. She was a kind and charitable neigh- 
bor. Children were born of this union as follows : 
Stephen G. ; George Edward ; Anna !Maria, who 
married F. E. Ives^ of Mt. Carmel ; John Pierson ; 
and Mary, who married A. E. Austin. 

Stephen G. Gilbert was born July 18. 1829, in 
the town of Centerville, came with his parents to 
North Haven when he was but a year old, and 
received his education in the district schools. 
When old enough he left home and entered the 
employ of B. Douglass & Son, confectioners of 
New Haven, as traveling salesman over the State 
of Connecticut, and remained with them twenty 
years, at the expiration of that time returning to 
North Haven and entering the store of his father, 
where he was needed. After his father's death he 
took charge, of the business and has successfully 
conducted it ever since. From 1885 to 1889 Mr. 
Gilbert was postmaster, under President Cleve- 
land, but has never been willing to accept local of- 
fices. Commerciallv and socially he is one of the 
representative citizens of North Haven. 

Mr. Gilbert married Celia Louise Fish, a na- 
tive of Grand View, N. Y., and a daughter of x\sa 
N. and Harriet (Crossett) Fish. Mr. and ^Irs. 
Gilbert have one of the most desirable residences 
in the town. They are members of St. John's 
Episcopal Church. 

the most progressive citizens and prominent agri- 
culturists of Cheshire, was born in Colchester, 
New London Co., Conn., July 15, 1840, and traces 

his ancestry back to the first Puritan settlers in 
New England. The family was originally from 
France, but removed to England during the days 
of William the Conqueror, and from the latter 
coimtry came to America, first locating in Massa- 
chusetts, and later in Windsor, Conn. Descend- 
ants of these pioneers are now widely scattered 
over the American continent. 

Samuel S. Gillette, the father of our subject, 
was also a native of Colchester, and a son of Sam- 
uel Gillette, a farmer and land owner of New Lon- 
don county, where his death occurred. The fa- 
tner received a good common-school education, and 
for several years successfully engaged in teaching 
in the district schools of his native county. Sub- 
sequently he located upon a farm in the town of 
Colchester, and devoted the remainder of his life 
to general farming and stock raising and dealing. 
He was a Whig and later a Republican in politics, 
was an active member of the Congregational 
Church, and was quite a prominent and highly re- 
spected man in his community. He married Jose- 
phine Babcock, a native of East Haddam. 2\Iiddle- 
sex county, and a daughter of Samuel Babcock, 
one of the old and respected settlers of that place, 
and a descendant of an old Rhode Island family. 
By this union were born four children : Charles 
Samuel, subject of this sketch; Oscar, who died in 
New Orleans while a soldier of the Civil war ; 
Dwight, who lives on the old homestead ; and 
Selden L., a resident of Kent, Ohio. Both par- 
ents died on the old homestead, and were buried 

; in Colchester cemetery. The mother was also an 
earnest member of the Congregational Church. 
The primary education of Charles S. Gillette 

' was obtained in the district schools near his boy- 

; hood home, and was supplemented by a course at 
the Colchester Academy. He remained under the 
parental roof until attaining man's estate, and 

: learned the carpenter's and joiner's trade, at which 
he worked for several years, and then bought a 
farm, which he operated for two years. At the 
end of that time he removed to the town of Meri- 
den, where he followed farming until coming to 
Cheshire, in 1874, when he purchased the Anson 
Tuttle farm of fifty-three acres, which he has 
since greatly improved. In connection with farm- 
ing he continued to work at his trade in the town 
of Cheshire and other sections of the county for 

' several vears, and in 1890 embarked in the feed 
and agricultural implement business. He now 
represents several dififerent manufacturers of farm 
machinery in the United States, and is also agent 
for fertilizers. He is a man of good business and 
executive ability, is enterprising and progressive, 
and upright and honorable in all his dealings. 

'< Mr. Gillette was married, in Stroudsburg, Pa., 
to Miss Emma Laing, a native of Johnsonburg, 
Warren Co., N. J., who is well educated and is a 
talented musician. ?^Irs. Gillette is a daughter of 
Joseph C. and Phoebe A. (Bunting) Laing, na- 



tivcs of the same vicinity. Her grandparents were 
Samuel aiul Editli (Lundy) Laing, natives _ of 
New Jersey and New York, respectively. The 
f.imilv has been traced back to Aberdeen, Scot- 
l.ind. To ^fr- and Mrs. Gillette have been born 
two cliildren: Charles, deceased; and Dwight 
I.aiiig. 'i'iiey have taken three girls to rear, one 
of wliom is deceased. The eldest, Alinna Bunting, 
i, now the wife of \V. Percy Bristol, of ^Nleriden ; 
tiie youngest, Amy, is now a student in the public 
schools. Dwight L. Gillette was educated in the 
I'.piscopal Academy of Cheshire, and holds a di- 
ploma from the Amherst (Mass.) Agricultural 
College. ^Ir. and Mrs. Gillette are members of 
the Congregational Church, and he is a Republi- 
can in politics. He is a charter member of the 
Grange, and has served as chaplain of the same ; 
and has been elected to several local positions of 
honor and . trust, having served as selectman of 
Cheshire and also assessor and justice of the peace, 
the duties of which offices he most capably and 
satisfactorily discharged. 

GLADWIN. This family, of which Gilbert A. 
Gladwin, one of Meriden's highly respected citi- 
zens, and the late Hon. Russell S. Gladwin, were 
descendants, is one of the oldest and most respect- 
ed in Middlesex county, and is of English origin. 

Joseph Gladwin, the grandfather of Gilbert A., 
was bom in Saybrook, Middlesex Co., Conn., in 
1763, was a farmer, and served as a soldier in the 
war of the Revolution. His life ended in Saybrook, 
May 3, 1823. His four sons were Silas, Elisha, 
Alva and Joseph. 

Joseph Gladwin (2), son of Joseph (i), was 
born Dec. 22, 1791, in Saybrook, and was engaged 
through life in agricultural pursuits. His death 
occurred at an advanced age, and ne rests in Deep 
River cemetery. In politics he was an Old-line 
Whig, ana for many years he was a leading mem- 
ber of the Baptist Church. Joseph Gladwin was 
married in Saybrook to Sally Doane, who was born 
June 3, 1796, a daughter of Edmund and Sally 
(Bushnell) Doane, and died Feb. 6, 1874. Chil- 
dren as iollows were born to them : Chapman, 
born June 2, 1819, resides in Essex, Conn. : Almira, 
born Alarch 6, 1821, married William L. Jones 
and died April 29, 1887; Russell Samuel and Gil- 
bert A., both mentioned below ; Juliet, born Dec. 
27, 1828, died March 3, 1829; Joseph S.. born 
March 2, 1830, served in the 15th Conn. \'. I., dur- 
ing the Civil war, and is a painter in Westbrook, 
Conn.; Juliet, born July 30, 1832. married L. E. 
Dennison, of Saybrook, and died Feb. 16, 1857; 
Augustus T., born May 19, 1835, ^ied April 15, 
i8^>2; and Ecford H., born July 16, 1838, is a 
blacksmith in Essex. 

The late Russell S.vmuel Gl.\dwix was born 
in Saybrook .-^ug. 22,, 1823, grew up on the farm, 
was educated in the district and private schools. 
He learned blacksmithing, and coming to Meriden 

engaged in work at his trade, with Lucius Smith 
as a partner, later becoming a foreman in the forg- 
ing department of the Parker Bros, gun factory, 
in which he was' a director. Still later he became 
a member of a stock company which engaged in 
the manufacture of steel shears, this concern after- 
ward being known as the Miller Bros. Cutlery Co. 
After disposing of his interest in this company, 
Mr. Gladwin engaged for a number of years, in- 
dependently, in the same line of work. In 1849 
he joined the gold seekers in California, and re- 
mained three years. Late in life he became an 
invalid, and was kindly cared for by his brother 
Gilbert A., who also looked after his business in- 
terests. For many years Mr. Gladwin was a prom- 
inent Republican, was a member of the city coun- 
cil, and the second mayor of ]\Ieriden, holding the 
office with credit and ability ; the first mayor was 
the venerable Charles Parker. ^Ir. Gladwin was 
a prominent member of the Baptist Society, a good 
man, an excellent citizen, beloved by his family 
and the community. Socially he had long been a 
member of Center Lodge, No. 97, A. F. & A. M., 
of Meriden. The death of this prominent citizen 
occurred May 15, 1900, and his interment took 
place in Walnut Grove cemetery. In 1847 ^^^ was 
married to Eunice A. Averill, who was born in 
Branford, Conn., daughter of David and Polly 
Averill. Two children were born to this union, 
both of whom died in infancy. Mrs. Gladwin 
passed away April 15, 1895, at the age of seventy- 
two years, and was buried in Walnut Grove cem- 
etery. She, too, had been a consistent member of 
the Baptist Church. 

Gilbert A. Gl.adwin was born on the old 
homestead in Saybrook, Sept. 12, 1826. His edu- 
cation was obtained in the district and private 
schools, and untd early manhood he worked on 
the home farm. Possessed of business ability and 
mechanical genius, while still a young man he be- 
came a manufacturer of joiners' tools, carrying 
on a successful business in Winthrop until 1861, 
at which time he accepted a position as pattern- 
maker in the Parker gun shop, in ]\Ieriden. Air. 
Gladwin and Philo Hart were the makers of the 
pattern for the first printing-press in Meriden, 
which was used by The Recorder, established by 
the well-known Luther Riggs. Until 1865 Mr. 
Gladwin remained with the Parker Co., and then, 
in association with H. R. Tooley, he embarked 
in the furniture business, the firm style being 
Toolev & Gladwin. This partnership lasted until 
1869, when Air. Gladwin bought the interest of 
Mr. Tooley and continued with Choate Howard 
until 1879, and with others of the Howard family 
until 1884, when he sold out this enterprise, which 
is now conducted by the Howard Brothers, on 
Colony street. I'or the past sixteen years Mr. 
Gladwin has employed his time in looking after 
his own and his brother's real-estate interests. 
For many years he was a very prominent factor 



in the business world of Meriden, in which he was 
well and favorably known. 

On Nov. 6, 1848, Mr. Gladwin was married in 
Winthrop, town of Saybrook, • to Marietta E. 
Jones, who was born in Winthrop, Jan. 12, 1827, 
a daughter of Capt. Zina Jones, of Saybrook. Her 
death occurred April 18, 1851, and she was in- 
terred in Winthrop cemetery. The only child of 
this marriag-e. Marietta E., was born April 14, 
1851, and married Edwin P. Hall; their three 
children are Arthur G., a newspaper man of New 
York City ; Abbie ; and Mabel, the latter engaged 
in the art and embroidery business in Meriden. 
On March 31, 1852, he married for his second wife 
Abigail W. Loomis, who was born May 9, 1826, a 
daughter of Simon and Lydia (Williams) Loomis, 
and a granddaughter of Simon and Sallie (Hol- 
brook) Loomis. Her death occurred in Meriden 
Aug. 6, 1898, and she was buried in Walnut Grove 
cemetery. Mrs. Glaawin was a consistent member 
of the Baptist Church, a lady of Christian charac- 
ter, gracious presence and winning personality. 

For over thirty years Mr. Gladwin has been a 
deacon in the ^lain Street Baptist Church, and for 
many years has been an efficient Sunday-school 
teacher. In his earlier political life he was an 
advocate of the principles of the Free-soil party. 
In 1859 he was elected to the Legislature as a 
non-partisan, from the town of Saybrook. At 
present he is a stanch supporter of the Prohibi- 
tionist party, conscientiously believing its princi- 
ples to be the best for the country. He is one of 
the best-known and most highly respected men of 
his community. 

SAMUEL A. CHAPMAN. In the death of 
this gentleman, Feb. 13, 1896, the city of Waterbury 
lost one of her best citizens, and his family a most 
indulgent head. 

The corrring of the Chapmans (one of the early 
New England families) to Connecticut dates back 
to a period beyond two and a quarter centuries ago, 
and to the territory of the present town of Tolland 
to approximately one and three-quarters centuries ; 
the various members have been eminently distin- 
guished in both civil and military life. 

Edward Chapman, the first American ancestor 
of one branch of the Tolland Chapmans, came about 
1660 to Windsor from England, where he married 
Elizabeth Fox. He settled in Simsbury (then a 
part of Windsor), and lost his life at the storming 
of Narragansett Fort in December, 1675. 

Simon Chapman, a son of Edward, born in i66q, 
lived in Windsor, but held lands in Tolland, of which 
town he was one of the great proprietors. He mar- 
ried about 1692, and his son, 

Capt. Samuel Chapman, born in 1696, married. 
in 171 7, Hannah Strong, and became the progenitor 
of all the Chapmans in the western part of the town 
of Tolland, which town began to he settled about 
1725. He was the only justice of the peace in Tol- 

land for nine years, and was selectman for eleven 
years. He died in the service of his country during 
the French war. Capt. Samuel Chapman's several 
sons and daughters all married and also settled in 
Tolland, where the sons became the wealthiest men 
in the town and were among the most active, public- 
spirited and influential. 

Col. Samuel Chapman, son of Capt. Samuel 
Chapman, born in Windsor a few years prior to his 
father's settling in Tolland, married, in 1750, Sarah 
White, of Bolton, Conn. He was a very remarka- 
ble man, and a very eminent citizen of Tolland. He 
served as captain in the French and Indian war, and 
as colonel of the 22d Connecticut Militia during the 
entire war of the Revolution. His was the master 
spirit that brought the citizens of Tolland into unan- 
imous and energetic action in the Revolutionary 
contest. His personal courage and astonishing 
hardihood were proverbial among his soldiers. 
Few men could be found so unflinching in mo- 
ments of danger, and his finnness and energy never 
faltered under any circumstances. He was rather 
under the middle stature, had blue eyes, and his 
voice was remarkable for its loudness and energy. 
He was a great reader, taciturn and of studious hab- 
its. He never laughed, and it is said a smile sel- 
dom lighted his countenance. Col. Chapman was 
elected to the General Assembly from Tolland forty- 
three times, when the election was held twice a year, 
and attended fifteen special sessions of that body. 
He was a member of the convention in 1788, and 
voted for the adoption of the present Constitution of 
the United States. He was several years a select- 
man, and for twenty-six years (1772-1797) served 
as justice of the peace. 

Among other prominent men of the name in 
Tolland were: Deacon Elijah Chapman, elected 
several terms to the General Assembly, and also 
served as selectman ; Gen. Elijah Chapman, who 
several times was a member of the General Assem- 
bly, and for twenty-three years served as sheriff 
of Tolland county; and Capt. Ashbel, who was also 
several times in the General Assembly, and a mem- 
ber of the convention, in 1818, which framed the 
Constitution of the State. 

Of the five children of Col. Samuel Chapman, 
Samuel, born in 1757, settled in Ellington, Conn. On 
Oct. 24, 1782, he married Mary Carlton, and be- 
came the father of ten children, among whom was 
Chester, the father of our subject. 

Chester Chapman grew to manhood and ^larch, 
1832, married Abigail Loomis, who bore him four 
children: Samuel A., our subject; Mary Carlton, 
born Dec. 19, 1834; John Melvin, born Dec. 23, 
1836; and Emily Elizabeth, born Jan. 17, 1839. On 
Dec. 29, 1840, Chester Chapman wedded Elizabeth 
Bull, of Ellington, Conn., and five children came 
to this second marriage: Eustace Chester, born 
Sept. 30, 1841 ; Florence Alicia, Oct. 25, 1842; Les- 
lie Clarence, Feb. 16, 1845 ! Randolph Butler, Nov. 
16, 1848; and Edwin Dayton, July 15. 185 1. 

.-. :^ 

:,0 >■ 




Samuel A. Cliapman, the subject proper of this 
sSa-tTh. was born Dec. 25, 1832, in the town of 
1- !liiii:toii, tlic eldest in a family of nine children. 
\\ hilf vet a boy he left home and began his business 
cifccr in Hartford, Conn. In 1858 he came to Wat- 
cihtirv as a contractor with Rogers & Bros., with 
\siiich Jirni he remained about seven years. At the 
i-M<I of this period he accepted a position with the 
Holmes, Booth & Hayden Co., as superintendent, 
II! wliich capacity he served that company for eight- 
een vears, becoming after a time one of the directors 
of tiic company, in 1883 he organized the Chap- 
man & Armstrong Manufacturing Co., of which 
lie himself was chosen president; he was also 
president of the Hammond Buckle Co. As a 
brass manufacturer yiv. Chapman was considered 
one of the best in the country. For several 
vears he was a member of the board of com- 
I)ensation in \\'aterbury, and was also at one 
time police commissioner of the city. On the ques- 
tion of values of property he was considered an 
expert, and his advice was frequently sought in a 
public capacity. Mr. Chapman, without being at 
all demonstrative, was exceedingly public-spirited, 
and watched with keen interest all public matters, 
and ofttimes, without appearing to do so, exerted 
considerable influence. He was a councilman for 
many years, and in every way was a man of prom- 
inence, highly respected by all. As an employer of 
large numbers of men, he was considered to be just 
and considerate, winning the esteem and confidence 
of those who were associated with him. Fraternally 
he was a member of Harmony Lodge, F. & A. ]\I., 
and of Clark Commandery, K. T., of Waterbury. 
In politics he was a Republican. In addition to 
iiis other interests he owned an extensive dairy and 
sheep farm in Madison, Conn., on which were to 
be found all modern improvements, and he was also 
the proprietor of several seaside cottages. 

On May 25, 1858, 'Sir. Chapman married ^liss 
Mary E. Lancey (also spelled DeLanceyj, who was 
born in Springfield, Mass., a daughter of William 
and Betsey (Herrick) Lancey, and to this union 
was born ]\Iarch 26, 1859, ^ daughter, Florence 
Mabel, who is living at home. Mr. Lancey was a 
native of Weston, V't., born March 10, i8or, and 
died in 1840. He was a son of Zacheus Lancey, 
who settled in Weston. ]^lrs. Lancey was born in 
Chesterfield, X. H., a daughter of Silas Herrick, 
and died Sept. 17, 1865. The first of this DeLancey 
family in America came from France and settled 
m one of the Xew England States some time in the 
fi^luecnth century. Mrs. Chapman, the wife of 
our subject, was one of a family of six children, 
as follows: William J., a dentist in Centralia, 111., 
nnIio always writes his name DeLancey; Helen SI., 
unmarried; George, who died in infancy; Sarah J., 
wile of Leroy S. \\'hite, of Waterbury, Conn. ; :Mary 
I-. (.Nlrs. Chapman) ; and John L., who died at the 
age of two anrl one-half vears. 

Mr. Chapman died Feb. 13, 1896, at Water- 

bury, and a local paper of the time pays him the 
following well-merited eulogy: "In the death of 
Samuel A. Chapman, Waterbury loses one of its 
representative citizens. The news of his death came 
with startling and shocking suddenness, and to the 
many who loved him for what he was, it is experi- 
enced as a personal affliction. He was a noble and 
generous man, whose many unostentatious kind- 
nesses and gracious deeds caused him to be held in 
high regard." 

DWIGHT J. DOWNS is a well-known busi- 
ness man of Ansonia, where he is engaged as a 
butcher and a dealer in hides and skins^ also 
handling fertilizers. He has quite a large estab- 
lishment in Division street. 

Mr. Downs was born in Seymour, Xew Haven 
county, Dec. 3, 1839, ^ son of James Downs, who 
was born in Huntington, this State, and was one 
of a family of nine children. The mother of these, 
Mrs. Lydia (Patterson) Downs, lived to her nine- 
ty-second year. The father was a farmer in 
Huntington, where he was married and died at 
the age of fifty years. James Downs was reared 
on a farm and educated in the public schools. On 
reaching manhood he purchased a farm in Mon- 
roe, and spent his life in its cultivation. He 
died at the age of seventy-three years. He 
married Carrie Johnson, who was born in Seymour 
(then known as Derby), daughter of Beecher 
Johnson, who had three children. The Johnsons 
were early settlers in this part of the State, and a 
grandchild of Mr. Johnson still occupies the old 
homestead. Of the live children born to Mr. and 
iNIrs. Downs, two are still living: Beech J., who 
was the third child; and Dwight J., our subject; 
one daughter died at the age of eighty years, and 
one son at the age of eighty-one. Mrs. Downs 
died when si.xty-eight years old. Both parents 
were members of the Congregational Church. 

Dwight J. Downs spent the first thirteen years 
of his life under the parental roof. He then went 
out to work by the month, doing a man's work. He 
was in Southbury three years, after which he took 
up the butcher business, running a wagon in Ber- 
lin for three years, when he sold out. In 186S 
he came to Ansonia and started a retail meat mar- 
ket, which he carried on for seventeen years. F"or 
two years he was also engaged in a "cooler" at 
Derby, which then passed into the hands of the 
Derby Beef Co. At the present time he is doing 
a wholesale business in beef and rendered tallow, 
and also deals largely in fertilizers, collecting and 
preparing from fifty butcher shops. Mr. Down-^ 
is among the oldest business men in this section, 
and his career has been marked by singular integ- 
rity and honesty. He has a fine home, and ijuilt 
his present house in 1879, on the site of one that 
was 175 years old. He has e.xtensive real-estate 
interests, and has bought and now owns several 
valuable houses and a factory. 



Mr. Downs was married in 1867 to Annie E. 
Gray, of Southl)ury, where she was born, daughter 
of Frederick H. and Harriet E. (Tuttle) Gray. 
The father is a farmer, and has passed all his life 
in Southbury, where he o\ras a fine farm ; he has 
another in Iowa. He is a vigorous and energetic 
man for one of his years. Airs. Downs is the 
eldest of a family of five children, and to her union 
with Mr. Downs have come three children: (i) 
Harriet niarried Benjamin Porter, general man- 
ager of the electric line between Ansonia and 
Derby, and also manager of the National Box & 
Paper Co., one of the largest institutions of the 
kind in the country. (2) Ruth A. is a graduate 
of the high school, and resides at home. (3) 
Frederick D., also at home, is employed in the 
office of the Derby Street Railway Company. 

Mr. Downs is a Republican politically. He be- 
longs to King Solomon's Lodge, F. & A. M., with 
v/hich he has been connected since he was twenty- 
one years old. He and his wife and daughter be- 
long to the Methodist Church. Mrs. Downs and 
her two daughters belong to the D. A. R. The 
maternal great-grandfather of Mr. Downs, whose 
name was Clark, served in the American Revolu- 
tion, was captured by the EngHsh, and died while 
in prison. 

CYRUS \V. TUTTLE. for half a century an 
honored resident of West Haven, now living retired, 
is a native of Brooklyn, X. Y., born March 10, 1844. 

James Tuttle, the first of the family in New 
England, came in 1638 from England with Rev. 
John Davenport. Bela Tuttle, the great-great-grand- 
father of Cyrus W., was killed while serving in the 
Revolutionary war, in 1777. 

Jesse Tuttle, son of Bela, and the great-grand- 
father of Cyrus \V., was a lifelong farmer of Wat- 
ertown, Connecticut. 

Isaac Tuttle, son of Jesse, and the grandfather 
of Cyrus W.. was a native of Watertown. He was 
a farmer and clockmaker. being one of the first em- 
ployes in the Seth Thomas Clock Works at Thom- 
aston; in fact, he assisted in building the factory 
there. In i860 he removed to New Haven and lived 
retired until his death, which occurred in 1867, when 
he was eighty-one years old. He married Chloe 
Bidwell, daughter of Alexander and Chloe Bidwell, 
of Farmington, and four children were born to 
them. The mother died in 1880. aged eighty-nine 
years, a member of the Congregational Church. 

George W. Tuttle, father of Cyrus W., was born 
in Watertown, Jan. 14, 1814, and received his edu- 
cation in part at the common schools there, and at 
Litchfield Academy. After leaving school he fol- 
lowed mercantile pursuits in New Haven, Conn., 
Brooklyn, N. Y., and South Carolina, until 1851, 
in which year he removed to West Haven, where, in 
1855, he assisted in organizing the buckle business 
in West Haven and was a director up to his death. 
In the twenty years he lived in W^est Haven he did 

much to promote the interests of the place, and in 
addition to the buckle works he was the organizer 
of the key business, which he carried on some five 
years, or until his decease. He was one of the pro- 
moters of the New Haven and West Haven Horse 
Railway, in 1867, and in every way gave his best 
efiforts toward assisting the town. In politics he 
was independent; he hold the office of selectman, 
was a member of the school committee, and in many 
ways showed the interest he had in tlie welfare of 
the community. George W. Tuttle married Saloma 
Andrews, daughter of Timothy and Saloma (Grid- 
ley) Andrews, the former of whom was a farmer 
of Hamden, this county. Mrs. Tuttle's grandfather, 
who was an elder in the Methodist Church, married 
Sybil Eaton, of Hamden. To Mr. Tuttle and his 
wife were born five children, two of whom survive, 
Cyrus W., our subject; and Edward, in California. 
The father died Aug. 5, 1871, the mother in 1890. 
Both were members of the Congregational Church, 
in which they took an active interest. 

Cyrus W. Tuttle, the subject proper of this 
sketch, was seven years old when the family re- 
moved to West Haven, and he received his education 
there at the common schools and the academy, after 
which he worked in his father's key factory, and 
for a time was a clerk in New Haven. In October, 
1862, he enlisted in Company A, 27th Conn. V. I., 
in which he served nine months, during w^hich 
period he participated in the battle of Fredericks- 

In 1868 Cyrus W. Tuttle was married to Jean- 
ette Hale, who was born in Greenfield Hill, Conn., 
daughter of Hiram and Mary- (Morehouse) Hale, 
the former of whom was a blacksmith in the town 
of Fairfield. Five children have been born to this 
union, three of whom are living, viz. : ( i ) Georgia 
I. is the wife of Edwin A. Lettney. a plumber of 
West Haven ; they have three children. Eleanor, 
Jeanette and Edwin A., Jr. (2) Ida May is the 
wife of James W. Young, who is in charge of R. G. 
Dun's Commercial Agency, at Richmond. \"a. (3) 
Harry E. died in December, 1900, in California. (4) 
Elsie Morehouse is at home. (5) Alice died in in- 
fancy. The mother of these died in 1892, at the 
age of forty-one years, a member of the Congrega- 
tional Church. 

HILLHOLTSE. During much of the eighteenth 
and through the greater part of the first half of the 
century just closed, the family bearing this name 
was a conspicuous one in the annals of Con- 
necticut and the city of New Haven. We refer to 
the descendants of Rev. James Hillhouse. and es- 
peciallv to the line of the Hon. James Hillhouse, 
the illustrious statesman, and his son James Abra- 
ham Hillhouse, the distinguished poet and scholar, 
both of New Haven, where one of the latter's daugh- 
ter Aliss Isaphene Hillhouse, continues to make 
her home. 

Rev. James Hillhouse, the progenitor of the 



.\!,imvillc ami Xcw Haven Hillhouses, born about 
\<^-r, caino from a distinguished family, he being 
tin- 'son o{ lohn Hillhouse of Free Hall, and the 
•r.iiid'x'ii of Aiiraham Hillhouse, whose residence 
^^'a^ at Artikelly, the latter being among the signers 
, / .m address to King William and Queen Mary on 
\]>x <K-casion of the relief of the Siege of London- 
dirrv, dated July 29, 1669; while James Hillhouse, 
.,n iiiicle of kev. James, was one of the commis- 
.i..iicrs to treat with Lord Mountjoy in the me- 
morable defense of Derry against the forces of 
I.imos II, and was mayor of Londonderry in iCx)^. 
kcv. James Hillhouse was educated at the famous 
L'niversitv of Glasgow, in Scotland, and later took 
the divinity course in the same institution, being 
urdaiTicd bV the Presbytery of Londonderry in 
Ireland, and appears to have resided at or near the 
ancestral home until the death of his father in 17 16. 
Not long after his mother's death, in January, 171 7, 
he is supposed to have come with other Presbyterians 
from the North of Ireland, who in 1719 established 
themselves in New Hampshire, where the towns of 
Derry and Londonderry, and the Londonderry 
Presbytery are the permanent memorials of that mi- 
gration. At the close of 1720, Rev. Hillhouse ap- 
peared in r>oston, when Cotton ]\Iather spoke of 
him as "a worthy, hopeful and valuable \-oung min- 
ister lately arrived in America." He was installed 
as pastor of the North Parish of the Church in 
New London, Conn., in about 1724, and sustained 
such relations with it until his death in 1740, a 
period of about sixteen years. Rev. Hillhouse mar- 
ried, in 1726, Mary, daughter of Daniel, and grand- 
<laughter of Rev. James Fitch, the first minister 
of Norwich, Conn., and she died in 1768. Frorn this 
Couple, the late James Abraham Hillhouse. the poet 
of New Haven, was in the fourth generation, his 
lini- being through Hon. William and Hon. James 

( H) Hon. William Hillhouse, son of Rev. James, 
the emigrant settler, born in 1728, married in 1750, 
Sarah, born in 1728, daughter of John Griswold 
an<l sister of the first Governor Griswold of Con- 
necticut, and settled on the paternal estate in Mont- 
ville, which was his place of abode until his death. 
He was greatly trusted and honored by his fellow 
tuwnsmen and was probably the most prominent 
man of his day in his native town : was a leading 
patriot in the war of the Revolution; was many 
«nncs a deputy of the General Court, and in 1785 
was chosen as assistant in the Senate. For years 
he w.Ts judge of county and probate courts; was 
inajur in the 2d Regiment of cavalrv raised in Con- 
iKcticut for service in the Revolution. Judge Hill- 
l>"Usc ha<l a distinguished personality. His wife 
died on .March 10, 1777, and in 1778, he married 
Delia Hosmcr. His death occurred in 1816. 

< >f this same second generation, Hon. Tames 
Ai.raham Hillhouse, a brother of Judge William.was 
''•>rii .May 12, 17,^0, was graduated" from Yale in 1749, 
entered the legal profession at New Haven about 

j 1756, soon becoming distinguished at the Bar by his 
; forensic abilities as well as by his learning. In 1772 
he was elected one of the twelve assistants, who 
with the governor and lieutenant-governor, were the 
j council or senate. His Christian life and conver- 
! sation were truly exemplary, adorned with graces 
of meekness, charity and humility. Flis wife died 
in 1822 and he in 1775, leaving no issue. 
{ (III) Hon. James Hillhouse (2), son of Hon. 
William, born in 1754, married (second) in 1782, 
Rebecca Woolsey. He had been adopted by his 
uncle, James Abraham Hillhouse, of New Haven, 
where he was graduated from Yale in 1773, which 
I institution, in 1823, conferred upon him the degree 
of LL. D. During the war of the Revolution he 
served his country, and in 1779 he was captain of 
the Governor's Foot Guard at the time New Ha- 
ven was invaded by the British under Trvon. Later 
he practiced law in New Haven ; sat in the gov- 
ernor's council and was then elected to Congress 
as a Federalist, taking an active part in the debates 
of that body during 1791-95. In 1796 he was ap- 
pointed United States Senator to succeed Hon. 
Oliver Ellsworth, who had resigned his seat in the 
United States Senate to become Chief Justice of 
the United States Supreme Court. On the with- 
drawal of Thomas Jefferson from the Senate, after 
his election to the Presidency, Senator Hillhouse 
was appointed president pro tem of that body. In 
1810 he resigned his seat in the Senate to become 
Commissioner of School Fund of Connecticut, and 
held the office until 1825, during which period he 
is credited with saving that fund from destruction, 
and with adding, by judicious investments, the sum 
of $500,000. In 1782 he was chosen treasurer of 
Yale College, and from that time until his death, 
a period of fifty years, continued in such relations. 
Much of the natural beauty of New Haven had its 
origin in the acts of Senator Hillhouse. Mrs. Hill- 
house passed away in December, 181 3, and the Sen- 
ator in December, 1832. 

James Abraham Hillhouse, son of Hon. James 
Hillhouse (2), was born Sept. 26, 1789, in New 
Haven, married Nov. 23, 1822, Cornelia, daueh- 
ter of Isaac Lawrence, of New York. Mr. Hill- 
house was graduated from Yale in 1808, and later 
went to Boston, Mass., wdiere he remained for three 
years preparing for a mercantile career. Later he 
engaged in business in New York City, and in 1819, 
he visited Europe. Returning to this country, he 
retired after his marriage, to his country seat, "Sac- 
hem's Wood," New Haven, Conn., where he passed 
the rest of his life, giving his time to literature. 
While in Europe Mr. Hillhouse became acquainted 
with a number of distinguished men. The father 
of Macaulay. the historian, referred to him as the 
most accomplished young man with whom he was 
acquainted. Mr. Hillhouse delivered a poem be- 
fore Yale Chapter of the Phi Beta Kappa Society 
which was published in New York in 1822. This 
was entitled "The Judgment." In 1819 he pub- 



lished in London, "Percy's ^^lasque," a drama, which 
was reprinted in New York, with additions, in 1820. 
"Hadad/' a sacred drama, was published in New 
York in 1825. Others of his puhHshed works were 
a collected edition of his writings containing the ad- 
ditions of "Demetria," an Italian tragedy, written 
in 1813; "Sachem's Wood," and several discourses 
under the title of "Dramas and Discourses and 
Other Pieces" (2 vols., Boston, 1839). Mr. Hill- 
house was a poet of merit and a man of high lit- 
erar>' attainments, yir. Hillhouse died at New 
Haven, Jan. 5, 1841, and Mrs. Hillhouse passed 
away in 1874. Their children were: Cornelia 
(who married William Hillhouse), ^Mary, Isaphene 
and James. 

HUDSON B. FORBES. Among the old and 
honored families of East Haven, none enjoy more 
fully the esteem of the community, which has known 
them so long, than the Forbes family, of which 
Hudson B. is a most worthy representative. 

Great-grandfather Samuel Forbes married 
Mary Thompson and they had these children : 
Samuel, Jehiel, Levi, Isaac, Sarah (who married 
Jared Porter), and ]\Iary (who married Charles 
Bishop). Levi Forbes, the grandfather, married 
Sarah Tuttle and had these children : Anna, born 
in March, 1770; Mary, born in February, 1772; 
Sarah, born in May, 1774; Levins, born in July, 
1776; Timothy, born in 1778; Lydia, born in 1780; 
Anne, born in 1782; Levi, born in 1785; and Bela, 
the father of our subject. 

'Bela Forbes was a farmer in East Haven. When 
a boy he had seen some service on a revenue cutter, 
and during the war of 181 2 he held some military 
office. He died in New Haven in 1873, aged sev- 
enty-eight years. The family attended the Epis- 
copal Church. His wife was Abigail Bradley, a 
daughter of Joel Bradley, a farmer of East Haven. 
She died in January, 1857. A family of seven chil- 
dren were born to this marriage : Louisa, who mar- 
ried Abram Thompson, of East Haven, a sea-faring 
man (both deceased) ; Lavisa. who married Joseph 
Thompson, a brother of the above ; Jane, who mar- 
ried John A. Dibbell, lived in New Haven (both 
are deceased) ; Minerva, who married Jared Wed- 
more, an oysterman of East Haven; Ellen, who 
married Joel Bradley, a carpenter in New Haven ; 
Lester, who married [Nlary Willard, was a mason 
constructor; and Hudson B., our subject, the fifth 
of the family. 

Hudson B. Forbes was born in East Haven, or 
Morris Cove, !May 2, 1832, and spent his early days 
on the farm, and attended the district schools. 
Then he commence'd a life upon the water, continu- 
ing this until he was twenty years old ; before he 
was fifteen he was mate of a vessel. The first mar- 
riage of Mr. Forbes took place in September, 1853, 
to Emily Ludington, of East Haven, a daughter of 
Caleb Ludington. Her death occurred in January, 
1858, and none of her children reached maturity. 

On Sept. I, 1858, Mr. Forbes was married to Ellen 
E. Hotchkiss, who was born in East Haven, ,1 
daughter of Joseph I. and Sarah Ann (Bradley) 
Hotchkiss. Ever since their marriage Mr. and Airs. 
Forbes have lived on the fine old farm, and a large 
family of fourteen children have been born to them, 
the survivors being: Fanny E. married William 
Johnson, who came from Iowa, and they had one 
child, Quincy E., who died at the age of five; Lillian 
J. married Frederick \"an Sickle, and has four chil- 
dren, Frederick, Mildred, Edith and Edna; and 
Nellie A. married Everett L. Wright, and has two 
children, Raymond Forbes and Madia Nellie. 
Maude Adele is unmarried. Fred H., who died at 
the age of twenty-four, married Amelia Selk, and 
they had one child, Harry Hudson. 

In 1878 Mr. Forbes built the "Forbes House," 
at Morris Cove, now called the "Morris Cove 
House," which he ran for fourteen years, commenc- 
ing in 1882. Like his father, Mr.' Forbes has al- 
ways been in sympathy with the Democratic party, 
and has held many of the local offices, having been 
selectman in both East Haven and New Haven, town 
agent of East Haven, and a member of the board of 
education. His religious training was in the Epis- 
copal Church. 

ALGERNON O. BEACH, a prosperous and 
progressive agriculturist of the town of Hamden, 
is a native of Connecticut, born in New Haven, 
April 29, 1826, of New England ancestry. 

Oliver Beach, his father, was born in 1788, in 
Woodbridge, Conn., was a mason by trade, and died 
in New Haven in 1850. By his wife Elizabeth Ann 
(Allen) he had a family of ten children, named re- 
spectively: Louisa A., Laura, Edward, Laura {2), 
Elizabeth, Edward A., Henry O., Algernon O., 
George E. and Wallace A. 

When ten years of age Algernon O. Beach was 
taken to live with Jeremiah Gilbert, a farmer of the 
town of Hamden, who was childless, and remained 
with him until his death, our subject being then but 
fifteen years of age. He continued to live with Mr. 
Gilbert's widow, having entire charge of the farm, 
until her death in 1850, at which time he went to 
Centreville and entered the employ of Air. Willis 
Churchill, in the auger shops ; thence he went to 
Alt. Carmel and worked for Henry Ives in the axle 
shops for some fourteen years, during the latter 
part of which period he was foreman of the room in 
which he was employed. Returning now to the Gil- 
bert farm he remained thereon until 1890, in that 
year coming to his present place in the town of Ham- 

On Jan. i, 1847, Algernon O. Beach was mar- 
ried to Frances Hitchcock, daughter of Leveritt 
Hitchcock, and two children were born to them. 
Elizabeth and Alargaret E., both of whom died 
young. The mother of these passed away April 29. 
i860, and Feb. 20, i86r. Air. Beach wedded Julia 
S. Tuttle, of Aliddlebury, Conn., who entered into 

I ...j 

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n-st Feb. ~2, 1901, aged sixty-three years. One 
cliiM KTaccd this union, Frances E., now the wife 
III \\■il^oIl K. Goodscll, of North Haven; they have 
iw.i i-liiltlren, Flora L. and Lillian F. 

Mr. lioach is a member of the Congregational 
(.'hiircli, as was also his wife. In politics he is a 
j<i-|)ul)lican, and has been elected to various positions 
oi" honor and trust, such as assessor several terms, 
justice of the peace some twenty years, trial justice 
;i guutl many years, and has served as grand juror. 
Mr. I'.each is remarkably temperate, never having 
cbewetl tobacco, nor smoked more than one cigar 
iu his life. 

CHARLES HEXRY. YQUXG, a leading rep- 
resentative of the agricultural and business interests 
of that part of the town of W'allingford which is 
known as Yalesville, was born in the North Farms 
District Jan. 4, 1839. 

William Young, the great-grandfather of 
Charles H., was a land owner and an extensive and 
successful farmer of Middlesex county. Conn. Syl- 
vester Young, his son, when a young man, came to 
Wallingford and located at East Farms, where he 
married i'attie Mattoon, a native of Wallingford. 
There he engaged in agriculture, spending his life 
on the farm. He was a Democrat, a good citizen, 
and a well-known business man. He and his wife 
liad five children : Samuel and Harley, who died at 
Liberty. Sullivan Co., X. Y. ; Horace, who died in 
r.radford comity. Pa.: (Jrimell : and F'enelon, who 
was a merchant in Alabama, where he died. Mrs. 
.Sylvester Young died on the farm and was buried in 
tlie Center Street cemetery with her husband. 

Orimell Young, the father of Charles Henry, 
was born in the East Farms District, where he at- 
tended the local school and grew up after the 
fasliion of the farm lads of his day. As a young 
man he was engaged in buying and selling cattle, 
making trips to remote points in \'ermont and other 
regions. Later on he combined with his buying and 
selling the wholesale butcher business. When he 
was married he gave up road work and settled down 
to farming on the old homestead, where he built a 
fine dwelling house and made many improvements, 
including the erection of a mill, where he manu- 
factured cider and brandy. Mr. Young was widely 
known as one of the best judges of cattle in the 
State. A hard worker, he was noted for his indus- 
tri(jus habits, but intense devotion to business 
somewhat clouded his mind at the time of his death, 
•^ept. 5, 1884. In politics he was a Democrat, and 
ni religion held to the Golden Rule. He married 
ranney M. Rogers, who was born in Stony Creek, 
this county, daughter of Gerris I^ogers, of that town. 
I<» tiiis union came children as follows: Charles 
Henry: Lewis, who is a 1)utcher of Wallingford; 
I rank, living on the family homestead; Fanney, 
\slio (hed young; Mary, who died when seventeen 
>ears ojil ; and Cornelius \'.. living on part of the 
homestead. Mrs. Orimell Young died Feb. 14, 1893, 


in Wallingford, and was buried in the Centre Street 
cemetery. She was a member of the Advent Church, 
and was known as a good Christian woman, of kind 
heart and strong domestic virtues. 

Charles Henry Young attended the district 
school in the East F^arms District, and when he 
reached manhood engaged with his father in the 
cattle business, presently settling down on the old 
Mattoon farm, where he remained five years. At 
the expiration of this period he sold out and re- 
moved to the town of Guilford, where he located on 
the Murry farm. In 1872 he came to Yalesville 
where he has bought land, and he has also bought 
in Cheshire, his two purchases making a farm of 137 
acres of fruitful and valuable land. In addition to 
his other interests he has also handled lumber, and 
has built up quite a trade in that line. 

Mr. Young was married in Wallingford Oct. 
i 25, i860, to Julia T. Hine, a native of Litchfield, 
[ Conn., and a daughter of Sylvester and Sally 
: (Churchill) Hine. She is a lady of marked e.xcel- 
\ lence of character, and is especially gifted as a 
business woman. To Mr. and Mrs. Young have 
come eight children : ( i ) Cassius O. is engaged as 
an iceman. He married Xellie Terrill, and they have 
had three children — ?klaude, born Oct. 8, 1888; 
Charles B., Aug. 8, 1890; and Harold B., Alay 2, 
1893. (2) Wilber F. resides in Springfield. Ort 
June 22, 1887, he was married to Sadie Wilco.N: 
' Peck, who died Xov. 22, 1891. On Xov. 16, 1892,. 
he married for his second wife Miss Ida M. Steven- 
son, and they have two children — Sarah Stevenson,, 
born Oct. 26, 1893 ; and Wilber Fenelon, born 
Feb. 13, 1898. (3) Jennie Phemilia was married 
April 17, 1895, to John E. Blakeslee, of Bridgeport,. 
: and has one child, Jennie Isabelle, born Sept. 23, 
1897. (4) Ida Belle graduated from the Yalesville- 
high school, and is engaged as a bookkeeper. (5) 
Frank Charles is in the office of the judge of pro- 
bate at X'^ew Haven. (6) Fanny Sarah was mar- 
ried Oct. 19, 1898, to F. H. Warner, of Walling- 
ford, and has one child, Irene Cora, born Xov. 18, 
1899. (7) Cora Julia graduated from the Walling- 
ford high school in 1894, and from the Xormal 
School at Xew Haven. She has taught school one 
years in Wallingford and three years in Groton,. 
Conn., and has been very successful. ( 8) Flora May 
married Richard M. R. Raymond May 16, 1895,. 
and has one child, Gladis May, born April 2^, 1897. 
Mr. Young is a Democrat and has served on the 
school committee at Yalesville. He is a member of 
Hancock Lodge, at South Meriden, and of the 
Wallingford Agricultural Society. Mrs. Young be- 
longs to the Episcopal Church and is a good woman, 
a faithful mother and a devoted wife. 

BEXJAMIX F. LEACH, D. D. S.. comes of a 
family of English origin, its first American progeni- 
tors having l^een two brothers who emigrated from 
the mother country in Colonial days. One settled 
in Xew York State, the other in Massachusetts. 



The Doctor's father and grandfather were born in 
Massachusetts, in the town of Wendell, of which 
he, too, was a native, born April i6, 1842. 

Gardiner Leach, his grandfather, was a prosper- 
ous fanner, enjoyed the universal respect of the 
comfnunity, and was a man of considerable public 
prominence. He was elected to various minor town 
offices, and also represented his district in the Leg- 
islature. He was a man of keen intellect and sterling 
moral worth, as well as of tried fidelity to important 
trusts. He married jNIiss Macomber, and was the 
father of five children, of whom the eldest, Chester, 
was the father of Dr. Benjamin F. Leach. The 
others were Whitman, who passed his life on the 
old homestead farm ; Tamotliy, who married Na- 
thaniel Macomber, and settled in Shutesbury, Mass. ; 
Susan, who became the wife of Smith Orcutt, a 
shoemaker; and Salome, who was married to Hawles 
Williams, a farmer. 

Chester Leach was a tiller of the soil, and spent 
most of his days in the town of his birth, dying in 
Worcester, Mass., in 1891, surviving his wife for 
eighteen years. He was first a Whig and later a 
Jlepublican. He married Mary Orcutt, who was 
also born in Wendell, Mass. Her father, Samuel 
Orcutt, was a soldier in the Revolutionary war, and 
was one of the gallant band of patriotic heroes whom 
Ethan Allen led at Ticonderoga. The children of 
Chester Leach were five in number. The youngest 
died in infancy, and one son, Lucian L., at the age 
of seven years. Those who grew to manhood were 
Humphrey S., Valette W^ and Benjamin F. The 
eldest son, Humphrey, was an officer in the Civil 
war and died in 1898 in Worcester, Mass. Valette 
is practicing dentistry in Keene, New Hampshire. 

The first nine years of Dr. Leach's life were 
passed in Wendell, when with his parents he moved 
to Leverett, Mass. At the age of eighteen he be- 
gan the study of dentistry under the tutelage of 
his cousin, Dr. D. W. Leach, at Randolph, in his 
native State. He completed his professional studies 
in three years, and in 1863 began the practice of his 
profession at Ansonia, Conn. That was an epochal 
year in Dr. Leach's life. It not only marked his 
attainment of his majority and the commencement 
of his professional career, but was also the year of 
his marriage to Miss Emma F. Boutwell, of Lever- 
ett, Mass., a daughter of Charles Boutwell, a farmer 
of that town. 

The Doctor remained at Ansonia only a year, 
going from there to Amherst, Mass., \there he was 
engaged in active and successful practice for ten 
years. At the end of that period he removed to the 
town of Derby, Conn, (which has since become a 
city), within whose confines he has since lived, in 
1882 purchasing a home in Shelton, where he yet 
resides. Dr. Leach is a skillful practitioner, keep- 
ing fully abreast of every new discovery and fresh 
advance in his profession. He has a large practice 
and is universally held in sincere esteem, not only 
for the high order of his attainments, but as well 

for his pure life and unblemished character as a 
citizen, a Christian and a man. He is a Republican 
in politics, a member of the Masonic fraternity, and 
an earnest worker in the cause of religion. For 
thirty-five years he has been a consistent member of 
the Baptist Church, having united with that body 
while living in Amherst, Mass. His family are also 
of the same communion. He takes especial interest 
in Sunday-school work, having been a superin- 
tendent of Sunday-schools almost during the entire 
time of his church membership, first at Amherst and 
later in Ansonia. He is also one of the deacons of 
the First Baptist Church of that city. 

Reference has been already made to Dr. Leach's 
marriage to Miss Boutwell in 1863. She died in 
1887, leaving no children, and on June 4, 1889, he 
was united to Miss Mary C, a daughter of Austin 
Eastman, of Amherst, and a niece of Hon. Zebina 
Eastman, U. S. consul at Bristol, England, for eight 
years, part of the time under President Lincoln. 

resentative of a well known family, was born in 
Bethany Dec. 20, 1819, a son of Harvey and Sarah 
(Ailing) Hotchkiss, who were the parents of 
eleven children, of whom only one, Harpin, a black- 
smith in Bethany, is now living. Theodore N. 
Hotchkiss remained in Bethany until he was fifteen 
years old, acquiring his education in the local school, 
and then went to Westville, where he learned the 
mason's trade; and when he became established in 
life, married Eliza Smith, and followed his trade 
for a number of years. Coming to New Haven in 
middle life, he built the home where his daughter 
Katie A. is now living, and engaged in the building 
and contracting business on an extensive scale, hav- 
ing at one time some seventy men in his employ. 
For a time he was associated with Elizur H. 
Sperry, who learned the trade under Mr. Hotchkiss, 
and then selling out his interests, bought a tract of 
land on Kensington street and Edgewood avenue, 
where he built homes for some twenty-five families. 
These he rented, became noted as one of the very 
successful men of his day, and had the name of be- 
ing one of the most extensive and progressive build- 
ers of the time. What is now known as the Uni- 
versity Club, and the Cutler building, and many 
other fine structures were put up by him. Mr. 
Hotchkiss was a member of the Light Guards, and 
was an enlightened and public-spirited man, but 
under no condition would he accept ofhce of any 
kind. He died Feb. 27, 1888, at the age of sixty- 

Air. Hotchkiss. was twice married, his second 
wife, Lucia Sperry, was born in Bethany, a daugh- 
ter of Alvin and Sally Sperry, the former a car- 
penter in Bethany, where he was a man of much 
repute, and was known as "Col." Sperry. He was 
a man of much religious feeling, and often preached, 
and lived to be seventy-six years of age. He had 
eleven children, of whom four are now living: 



Sarah : Cracc and Gracia, twins ; and Marion. ^Irs. 
I.ucia Hotclikiss was the mother of four children — 
tlircc of wlioni are hving: (i) Katie A., who re- 
>ides at No. 400 Ehn street, New Haven, where the 
lamily lias had its home for many years. (2) LiUie 
M. who was the wife of Frank E. Frisbie, and died 
ill less than one year after marriage. (3) Fannie 
C". who married Frank S. Piatt, seedsman and flor- 
ist. (4) Cliarles S., a grocer in the city, married 
tir.^t Annie L. Mann, and had one son, Harry Theo- 
«loro, who is the only grandchild of Theodore N. 
Hotclikiss ; he married (second) Lydia Clark. Mrs. 
Lucia Ilotchkiss died at the age of seventy-three. 

^^SS MELISSA U. ^lETCALFE, a highly- 
cstccmcd resident of West Haven, is a n?.tive of Au- 
gusta, Oneida Co., N. Y., and a descendant of a 
well-known family. 

Her father, the late Eleazer Metcalfe, was born 
in Goshen, Conn., Jan. 31, 1779, and was reared 
upon a farm. He learned the carpenter's trade, and 
in the spring of 1799 he went to Augusta, Oneida 
Co., N. Y., to build barns on contract, which he did 
with marked success, keeping a large force of men 
employed. At that time Oneida county was an un- 
broken forest, the public highways being marked by 
incisions in the trees. Mr. Metcalfe was only twen- 
ty years old, and that year erected twenty barns. 
At one "raising"' he heard some men talking, and 
one of them said "That boy will never get that build- 
ing up." The young contractor, noting that his 
critics were the idlers present, told them to go home 
if they could not work like the others. He also 
owned a carding mill and grist mill, and ground 
wheat and corn, and later had a large farm and fat- 
tened cattle for market. For about a quarter of a 
century he served as justice of the peace at Augusta. 
His death occurred Jan. 5, i860, when he was aged 
eighty-one. He was active in religious work as a 
member of the Congregational Church ; all of his 
family have taken keen interest in church work. He 
married Huldah Yale, of Lenox, Mass., who was 
born Feb. 4, 1781, and lived to the age of eighty- 
one. Of their twelve children the subject of this 
sketch was the youngest and is now the only sur- 

Miss Metcalfe is noted for clear foresight and 
executive ability in business affairs, and her warm 
tilial devotion was proven by the excellent care 
which she bestowed upon her parents in their old 
<ige. She left school in order to minister to their 
needs, and also saw four sisters die. In 1877 she 
removed to West Haven to care for her youngest 
Im.ther whose wife had entered into rest. :\Iiss 
Metcalfe has invested extensively in real estate; she 
has sold two houses but still owns three in the town 
and four houses have been built by her, including 
the iiandsome residence adjoining her own. Her 
own iiome at No. 175 Elm street has lately been 
much improved by a steep roof and hot water ser- 
vice. She is most hospitable, and delights in gather- 

ing her friends within her pleasant home for social 
recreation. She is popular among her acquaint- 
ances, and is one of the active members of church, 
having brought her letter from Augusta to the 
West Haven society. While in Augusta she taught 
in the Sunday-school, and assisted in various branch- 
I es of church work, giving both time and means, 
i Her brother, the late Judge George W. Metcalfe, 
remained at home in early manhood while teaching 
in Augusta and vicinity. In 1845 ^^^ removed to 
West Haven, where he taught for a number of years 
1 and also followed the carpenters' trade for a time. 
: For more than twenty years he held office as justice 
i of the peace, and was judge of the police court, his 
1 sound judgment and impartiality making his service 
I of recognized value to the community. In politics 
j he was a Republican and throughout his life he ad- 
I vocated strict temperance principles. He was a 
; prominent member of the O. U. A. M., and was 
always a leader in religious and philanthropic work 
; in his locality. He gave the interest on $500 to the 
M. E. Church of West Haven and was a member of 
i the Congregational Church, where he sang in the 
; choir for a number of years. He married Mrs. 
; Miles, now deceased, and his own death occurred at 
' West Haven at the age of seventy years. 

I DAVIS WATSON SMITH, a prosperous 
i farmer in East River District of the town of Madi- 
! son, was born May 8, 1840, in that part of the town 
locally known as the Neck. 

The Smith family, of which he is a worthy rep- 
i resentative, is an old one in Middlesex county. Conn. 
1 His great-grandparents, Williajn and Martha Smith, 
I resided many years ago in Haddam, that county, in 
the old house just south of the jail. William Smith 
' was a seafaring man, owning and commanding ves- 
sels engaged in the West Indies trade ; he lost his 
life at sea when only forty years of age. We have 
the following record of his eight children, five sons 
, and three daughters: (i) Jonathan and (2) Ezra, 
; both of whom died unmarried, rendered honorable 
service in the Revolutionary war ; they were pri- 
vateers, were captured about forty miles off Sandy 
Hook, and after untold suffering died on the noted 
I prison ship "Jersey," in Wallabut Bay : they were 
buried in the banks of the bay. One of the brothers 
was a commissioned officer, and his commission, 
signed by Gen. George Washington, is now in the 
possession of a distant relative of our subject, in 
Higganum, in a good state of preservation. ("3) 
Lucy married Ezra Brainerd, of Haddam, and lived 
to be 106 years old ; she had two or three sons who 
lived and died in Haddam. (4) Simon married a? 
Miss Shailer, of Haddam. (5) William was twice 
j married, and his wives were sisters of Dorothy Hub- 
bard, who married his brother Jeft'rey. (6) Es- 
ther married Luther Bordman, of Haddam. (7) 
Martha married George Kelsey, of Haddam. (8) 
Jeffrey was the grandfather of our subject. 

Jeffrey Smith, grandfather of Davis W., was 



born in 1763, in the town of Hacklam, and tliere 
grew to manhood, and learned blacksmithing. When 
he had mastered that trade lie moved to AlatHsoi) 
and located in the Xeck, where he Iwni^ht a small 
farm, which he cultivated in connection with his 
work in the smithy. He built a tine dwelling house 
on this tract, and spent his life there, dying' Feb. 
I, 1846. During the Revolution he drove cattle 
across the Hudson river on the ice for Washing- 
ton's army, and he drew a pension until his death. 
As may be inferred, he was a public-spirited and 
patriotic citizen. He married Dorothy (^ Dolly) 
Hubbard, who was born in Haddam, and died in 
Madison July 13, 1836. Their children were: ( 1) 
Jonathan was born Jan. 4, 1785; (2) Daniel Hub- 
bard, born March 23, 1787, married Content P'ow- 
ler; (3) Ezra, born Dec. 16, 1788, married Martha 
Stone; (4) Esther, born Oct. 16, 1790, married Dud- 
ley Brainard ; (5) Austin, born in 1793, died in 
November of the same year; (6) Austin (2), born 
Feb. 9, 1794, died Aug. 8, 1820; (7) ^^larvin, born 
in 1796, married Wealthy Shailer; (8) Davis, born 
in 1798, died April 25, 1827; (g) Samuel, bom 
Aug. 16, 1799, married Lucinda, daughter of Gideon 
Watrous, of Chester, and lived and died in Madison 
in the house where he was born ; ( 10) Junius was 
born March 25, 1801 ; (11) Helena, born Nov. 29, 
1802, died Oct. II, 1806. 

Junius Smith was born in the Xeck District, 
and followed farming all his life in Madison, on the 
farm now owned and occupied by his son Davis 
Watson, where he made many improvements. There 
he died March 20, 1882. He was a stanch Demo- 
crat, but had no thirst for office. In religion he 
was a member of the Congregational Church, and 
he was a well-known and highly respected citizen, 
always honest and upright in his business and per- 
sonal relations, and had many friends. Mr. Smith 
married Amanda, daughter of Israel Southworth, 
of Deep River, Conn. She died in 1897, in the 
home of her son Davis W., a good Christian woman 
who was much respected in the neighborhood. 
Their only child was Davis Watson. 

Davis W. Smith was educated in the Madison 
schools and in Lee's Academy. Having been the 
only child he never left home, but remained to care 
for his parents as the infirmities of age crept upon 
them. The old homestead has passed into his pos- 
session, and under his management many substan- 
tial and elegant improvements have been made. 
Mr. Smith has also been engaged in oyster fishing. 

In 1872 Mr. Smith was married in X'ew York 
City to Miss Melvena Tuthill, who was born in' 
Highland, X. Y., daughter of John and Catherine 
(Rose) Tuthill. She is a lady of refinement and 
culture of deep character. Mr. and Mrs. Smith are 
the parents of two children : ( i ) Edith, born 
March 25, 1873, ^^'"^^ educated in the Madison 
schools and in Yale Business College, and is now 
engaged as a stenographer. (2) Ralph Davis, born 
March 4, 1875, is with the Standard Oil Co. in 

Springfield, Mass. In politics Mr. Smith is a Dem- 
ocrat. Fraternally he is a Mason, affiliating \Vith 
.Madison Lodge, F. & A. M. Mr. Smith has never 
seen fit to connect himself with any church, but he is 
a man of fine character, kindly spirit and e.xalted 
devotion to what is good and true. The family at- 
tend the Congregational Church. 

AMBROSE H. WELLS. There are no rules 
for building character ; there is no rule for achiev- 
ing success. The man who can rise from the ranks 
to a position of eminence is he who can see and util- 
ize the opportunities that surround his path. The 
essential conditions of human life are ever the same. 
' the surroundings of individuals differ but slightly ; 
and, when one man passes another on the highwav 
I to reach the goal of prosperity before others who 
[ perhaps started l^efore him, it is because he has the 
; power to use advantages which probably encom- 
pass the whole human race. To-day among the most 
prominent business men of Waterbury who have 
made their own way in the world unaided is Am- 
brose H. Wells, manufacturer of seamless tubing. 
He was born in Xewtown, Fairfield Co., Conn., 
March 26, 1837, and is a grandson of David Wells. 
Emory^ Wells, father of our subject, was also 
a native of Xewtown, and was a shoemaker by 
I trade. In 1841 he moved to Lockport, X. Y!, 
I where he engaged in the manufacture of shoes 
throughout the remainder of his life. Politically 
he affiliated with the Democratic party, and re- 
ligiously was a consistent member of the Episcopal 
Church. He was one of the honored and highlv re- 
' spected men of his community. He married iNIiss 
Maria, daughter of Isaac Gilbert, and to them were 
born three children : Jennette, deceased wife of 
! Henry Jackson ; Isaac, a resident of Fairfield county, 
' Conn.; and Ambrose H., our subject. Mrs. Wells- 
died in Xewtown and was buried there. She was a 
true Christian woman and a model wife and mother. 
Ambrose H. W^ells was reared in his native town, 
and acquired a limited education in the district 
• schools. At a very early age he commenced earning 
his own living by working at farm labor, and later 
learned the blacksmith's trade, which he follow^ed 
until coming to Waterbury, in 1862, when he en- 
tered the brass mills of Brown Brothers as foreman 
in their tube department, remaining there nineteen 
years. He then engaged in the flour and feed busi- 
, ness on Harrison alley near South ]\Iain street. 
' Waterbury, for two years, but not meeting with suc- 
cess in that venture, he sold out his business and 
again entered the employ of Brown Brothers as fore- 
man. A year later he started in business for him- 
self on the Watertown road, in Waterbury, and in 
1893 built a large factory, where he has since en- 
gaged in the manufacture of seamless tubing, it 
being the oidy manufactory, of the kind in the town. 
He has a well-equipped plant, costing him over 
$25,000, and furnishes employment to more than 
twenty men. Enterprising, energetic and Indus- 




trious, he has achieved a well-merited succes^s in life, 
and is now enjoying a comfortable competence. 

In Newtown, Conn., Mr. Wells was united in 
niarriage with Miss Eveline Judsun, a native of 
that place, and a daughter of Zenas J. Judson. and 
to them were born five sons, all of whom are with 
their father in business. Samuel, who is foreman 
of the factory, married first Jennie Marie Fischer, 
and second, Mary Schurlke ; and Frank married 
Amelia J. Schurlke. The others are single. Father 
and sons are all charter members of the Pequot 
Club, of W'aterbury; Samuel, Frank and Edward 
are members of the Knights of Pythias- fraternity ; 
and Frank is also connected with the Improved 
Order of Red Men. Mr. Wells is a member of 
King Solomon Lodge. F. & A. M., of Woodbury; 
and is identified with the Democratic party and is a 
member of the board of finance of the city of Water- 
bury. He attends religious services at Union 
Chapel, of which he is a trustee, and he and his 
family occupy an enviable position in the best social 
circles of the community in which they reside. 

Mrs. Wells belongs to an old Xew Ensfland 
family founded here in 1634 by William Judson, his 
wife and three sons, Joseph, Jeremiah and Joshua, 
natives of England, who located in Xew Haven, 
Conn., where he died in 1662, and where his re- 
mains were interred. His son Joseph made his 
lujme there throughout life, and died in i6q6. He 
married Sarah Judson, and reared a large family. 
One of their children, James Judson, was born in 
!f)50 and died in 1717. He was a land owner and 
farmer. Among his several sons was David Judson, 
who was born in 1693, and married Phoebe Stiles. 
He died and was buried in X^ew Haven. In his 
family were four children: David, born in 1715; 
Phoebe, wife of Matthew Curtis, in 1717: Abel in 
1721 ; and Agnes in 1724. Abel Judson moved to 
Stratford, Fairfield Co., Conn., where he owned 
and operated a farm. On May 7, 1744, he mar- 
ried Sarah Burton, by whom he had four children : 
John, born in 1745, who married Patience Fair- 
man; Abel, born in 1746; Sarah, 1749, who mar- 
ried Asher Peck; and Ruth, 1752, who married 
Henry Fairman. 

Abel Judson, Jr.. the grandfather of Mrs. Wells, 
■was born in Stratford in 1746 and became a leading 
farmer of X'ewtown, Fairfield county, where he 
«^>wned over 200 acres of land on Mile Hill, now 
••ccupied by Daniel G. Beers. He was a man of 
nidependent thought and action, and an active mem- 
ber of the Sandemanian Church. He married Ann 
I'-ennett and they became the parents of fifteen chil- 
dren; Ruth, born Xov. 17, 1769, married M. Hard 
and had a son, who was a phvsician among the 
Catskills. at Hunter, X. Y. ; Bennett was born Feb. 
'-■ ^77^ ! I'etsey, born Dec. 22, 1772, married Mr. 
Prindle; Rufus, born Dec. 27, 1774, removed to 
Olno; .\bner, born Oct. 17, 1776, married first a 
Miss Hard, second, Miss Judson, and third. Miss 
Shephard; Abel was born in 1778; Marcus was 

born Feb. 3, 1780; Laura, born Dec. 8, 1781, mar- 
ried Zera Blackman ; Jcrusha, born Sept. 22, 1783; 
was married to Eleazer Starr ; Silence, born April 
3, 1785, married Daniel Wells, a shoemaker of 
Zoar, Conn.; Isaac, born Feb. 3, 1787; John, born 
Feb. II, 1789, was a physician; Martin, born Feb. 
17, 1791, was a miller at Sandy Hook ; Zenas J., born 
March 28, 1793, was the father of Mrs. Wells; and 
Anna, born Jan. 6, 1795, married Thomas Seeley, 
a shoe maker and hotel keeper of Xewtown. Mrs. 
Wells' father was a tailor by trade, and made his 
home in Xewtown. He married Fanny Torrence, 
and of their eleven chilaren, the youngest, Eveline, 
became the wife of Ambrose. H. \\'ells, our subject. 

THO'MAS McEVOY, for nearly thirty years 
proprietor of a prosperous grocery business in 
Waterbury. is a native of Ireland, born in Queen's 
county in 1831. 

Patrick McEvoy, father of our subject, was of 
the same nativity, and followed farming in the old 
country. He cam^e to this country and in 185 1 set- 
tled in Waterbury, where he died. He married 
Elizabeth Terrell, also a native of Queen's county, 
Ireland, and seven children were born to them, viz.: 
John came from Ireland to Waterbury, and died 
there; Patrick was a farmer in Middlebury, Conn., 
and died there; Thomas is our subject; Christopher 
is a Catholic priest in Philadelphia ; Mary is the de- 
ceased wife of Patrick Dwyer, of Simmonsville, 
Conn. ; Elizabeth and Bridget died unmarried in 

Thomas ]McEvoy remained in Ireland until he 
was nineteen years old, in 185 1 coming to Water- 
bury, where he has since made his home. For 
seventeen years he worked as a farm laborer, and 
then opened his present grocery business, in which 
he has been very successful. 

In 1858 Mr. McEvoy married Ann Mulhall, who 
was born in Queen's county, Ireland, and died in 
Waterbury about twenty-eight years ago. She was 
the mother of eight children, three of whom are de- 
ceased : those living are : Mary, Sarah, Joseph, Lib- 
bic and Thomas. Mr. McEvoy is a member of St. 
Patrick's Church, WaJ;erbury, and has been identi- 
fied with that parish some twenty-eight years. In 
politics he is a Democrat. 

C.\LEB SMITH, a veteran of the Civil war 
and a well-known resident of Milford. was born at 
his present residence March 10, 1840, and is a rep- 
resentative of an old and respected family of that 

Caleb Smith (i), our subject's great-grandfa- 
ther, was born in the town of Milford. His brother, 
Hezekiah, was the grandfather of Edgar H. Smith, 
now a resident of that town. Caleb Smith (2), son 
of Caleb (i), was a farmer by occupation, as were 
other members of the family ; and he built the house 
now occupied by our subject. He married Sarah 
Carrington, and had three children; Charles, men- 

5 so 


tioned below ; Adeline, who married Lazarus N. 
Smith, a farmer of Milford ; and Garrett, a shoe- 
maker, in Milford, who was also agent for the New 
York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad, at Nauga- 
tuck Junction. 

Charles Smith was born at the present homestead 
July i6, i8oi, and died Feb. lo, 1891. In religious 
faith he was a Congregationalist, and in politics he 
affiliated with the W hig and Republican parties. He 
married !Maria Nettleton, of Milford, who was born 
April 15, 1808, and died Oct. 26, 1865. Her father, 
Thaddeus Nettleton, was a farmer of jNIilford. 
Twelve children were born to Charles and Maria 
Smith, as follows : Lucius, a carpenter and joiner, 
who died in Milford Dec. 18, 1870; Otis, who died 
Jan. 29, 1838, aged eight years; Adeline, who died 
in August, 1855, aged twenty-four; Matilda, who 
married Dr. Dwight Lunmi, a physician in Percival, 
Iowa; Caleb (i), who died Feb. 2S, 1836; Charles, 
a farmer in Nebraska, who married Sarah Skid- 
more; Caleb (2), our subject; Emily, who married 
G. Truman Smith, of New Haven; Harriet E., who 
married (first) Caleb Duell, and (second) A. A. 
Bradley; Isabella G., who died Aug. 23, 1845, """ 
married ; Ann ]\I., who married \\'allace Parker, of 
New Haven ; and one who died in infancy. 

Caleb Smith spent his boyhood in his native town 
and received a district school education, attending 
until he reached the age of sixteen. In September, 
1862, he enlisted in Company C, 27th Conn. V. I., 
and during his term of service he was taken prisoner 
at Chancellorsville, and spent two weeks in Libby 
prison. He was mustered out July 16, 1863, and 
returned to the old homestead where he has since 
been engaged in general farming. The farm, which 
comprises seventy acres, is located two miles from 
Milford, and affords an opportunity for two of his 
sons to carry on the ice business successfully. In 
politics Mr. Smith is a Republican. Fraternally he 
belongs to the G. A. R., and religiously to the Con- 
gregational Church. 

On Feb. 16, 1865, Mr. Smith married 3vliss 
Marion C. Beard, and they have had twelve chil- 
dren: Lucia E., who married Arthur J. Piatt, 
of Milford, and died ]March 20-, 1896; Caleb A., who 
died Jan. 2, 1870; Egbert L., a physician in Hotch- 
kissville. Conn., who married Althea Allen, of that 
town ; Robert R., who died Alarch 24, 1S73 ; Summer 
C; Wallace P.; Mabel C, who died Nov. 13, 1880; 
Grace I.; Elwood W. ; Nelson C. ; Clifford M.; and 
Charles A. 

The Beard family is well known in Milford, and 
Andrew Beard, Mrs. Smith's grandfather, was a 
resident of the town. His brother was the grand- 
father of Joseph T. Beard, of Milford. Allen C. 
Beard, Mrs. Smith's father, was born in Milford, 
Jan. 28, 1813, and died Aug. 29, 1897. On March 
22, 1840, he married Abigail Smith, of Milford 
(daughter of William Smith, and his wife. Susan 
Beard), who died Jan. 20. 1870. This union was 
blessed with a large familv of children, the names 

and dates of birth being given as follows : Abigail 
A., Sept. 7, 1841 ; Susan, Sept. 9, 1842; Alarion C., 
Dec. 22, 1844, in Bethany; an infant. May 23, 1847; 
Andrew A., May 22, 1848; Kate S., Sept. 3, 1850; 
Sarah M., July 14, 1853; Flora G., Nov. 24, 1855; 
and William, July 17, 1858. All are living except 
Sarah M., who died Nov. 28, 1896; William, who 
died Oct. 17, 1858; and one that died unnamed. 

JOHN EDWIN TOWNER, a machinist by 
trade, but now engaged in agricultural pursuits, is 
a well-known, prosperous citizen of Branford. A 
native of Connecticut, he was bom Jan. 21, 1840, on 
the farm whereon he now resides. 

Richard Towner, the first of the family to settle 
in Connecticut, tradition says was a native of the 
Isle of ]\Ian, that he was impressed on board a Brit- 
ish warship and put ashore sick at Charleston, S. 
C, where he married. His wife's name was De- 
borah. From there it is said he and his family came 
to Connecticut, settling in 1689 in Branford, where 
he died Aug. 22, 1727. Richard Towner, his son, 
baptized in 1700, was a farmer in Branford. He 
married Elizabeth Tyler Sept. 28, 1720, and died 
March i, 1753. His son Jonathan, born in Bran- 
ford Nov. 16, 1 72 1, married INIary Darrow Nov. 10, 
1743. He died Feb. 20, 1804, she on Feb. 15, 1806. 
David Towner, son of Jonathan and Mary ( Dar- 
! row) Towner, and the grandfather of John Edwin, 
i was born in Branford in 1768. He was a farmer 
i by occupation, and also for a time kept a tavern on 
j the Guilford pike, although he was a scythemaker h\- 
trade, which he learned of Ezekiel Hayes, great- 
grandfather of Rutherford B. Hayes, ex-President 
of the United States. Air. Towner would earn,- on 
I his back the scythes he made, and sell them through- 
I out the county. He married Betsey Bishop, of Beth- 
lehem, and by her had the following children wha 
I grew to maturity: John, Harriet, Nancy (Mrs. 
Henry Rogers) and Davis (who married Almira 
Brooks). The father of these died Sept. 24, 1851,. 
the mother April 4, 18S3. 

John Towner, son of David and Betsey (Bishop) 
Towner, and the father of John Edwin, was born 
Sept. 15, 1794, at Branford, and died June 20, 1853. 
He was a lifelong farmer. On Feb. 6, 1825, he mar- 
ried Martha Tyler, who bore him three children : 
Harvey E., bom Oct. 21, 1826, married Grace E. 
Auger. Emily S., born Dec. 15, 1834, was married 
June 16, 1855, to John R. Holcomb, who died Aug. 
7, 1899; she has one son, Frank E. John E. is our 
subject. The father was a Whig in politics, as was 
also his father. John Towner volunteered for ser- 
vice in the war of 18 12, and served as coast guard. 

John Tyler, the maternal grandfather of John 
Edwin Towner, was a native of Branford, where he 
carried on farming. During the Revolutionary war 
he served in the army, and was wounded in battle. 
His wife Ann (Rogers), who was also born in 
Branford, was a descendant of Thomas Rogers, who- 
came over in the "Mayflower." George Tyler, father 



of John, married Lydia Raynore. He also was a 


Joliii Edwin Towner, the subject proper of these 
linos, was reared on the old homestead, and educated 
in part at tlie common schools of the neighborhood, 
ill part at the Branford Academy. He then served 
a four-years apprenticeship in New Haven at the 
trade of machinist, which he afterward followed for 
vcars in the railroad shops of that city. During the 
Civil war he was a member of Company C, 15th 
Conn. V. I., enlisting in July. 1862, and was mus- 
tered into service Aug. 15, 1S62. He participated in 
the battle of Fredericksburg, the siege of Sutifolk, 
and in several minor engagements, was wounded at 
Kinston, N. C, March 8, 1S65, taken prisoner and 
incarcerated in Salisbury prison fifteen days, also for 
a few days in the jail at Danville, N. C, after which 
he was sent to Richmond, taken through the lines 
to Annapolis, and honorably discharged June i, 
1865. Since 1S70 he has been engaged exclusively 
in farming. 

On Nov. 16, 1872, Mr. Towner married Susan 

D. Hoadley, daughter of Charles and Elizabeth 
(Gunn) Hoadley, of Branford, and three children 
were born to them: Anna P., JNIerle E. and Laura 

E. Anna P. died July 2/, 1899; she was a graduate 
of the State Normal Sch(X»l at New Britain, from 
which she held an honorary diploma, and follow^ed 
teaching until ill health compelled her to resign. 
Mrs. Towner passed away ^larch 21, 1897. The 
family attend the services of the Congregational 
Church. In politics 3ilr. Towner is a Republican. 
Socially he is a member of Wooster Lodge, No. /Q, 

F. & A. M., Franklin Chapter, and Harmony Coun- 
cil, R. A. ]\L, all of New Haven, and is affiliated 
with the G. A. R., Mason Rogers Post, No. 7, De- 
partment of Connecticut, of which he is the present 
adjutant and a past commander. He was com- 
mander when the soldiers' monument was dedicated. 

sketching the life of George Otto Schneller. late of 
Ansonia, a mere list of the large number of organ- 
izations with which he was connected, and which 
felt his guiding hand, would be wholly inadequate 
to give a correct idea of the man and his methods, 
for as a captain of industry he was a Napoleon, the 
ablest general of his State and time. The names of 
the institutions which felt his power may perish with 
the years, but his methods and genius will ever re- 
main an inspiration. 

Bom in Nuremberg, Germany, June 14, 1843, 
of an aristocratic family, and educated in the schools 
of his native land, at the age of seventeen Mr. 
Schneller left home and family, and, unaided by 
money or influence, started his business career in 
New York. His love of home had not lessened, 
•but his love of independence was greater. Self- 
reliance was the key to all his actions. Loving his 
family with that strong passion which showed itself 
in his healthful dreams, and which had not faded out 

in the delirium of his last sickness, he cut loose from 
family ties and learned the language and manners of 
his adopted country while engaged in occupaticwis 
which brought him renumeration barely sufficient 
to pay the cost of board and clothes. 

"The sun set, but set not his hope, 
Stars rose, his faith was earlier up." 

As an elegant penman and accurate accountant 
Mr. Schneller obtained a position with O. W. Bird, 
of New York, who was a commission man, doing 
business for Osborn & Cheesman, of Ansonia, Conn., 
and thence drifted to Ansonia as an accountant for 
that firm. Rapidly rising until he commanded the 
largest salary obtainable in that position, he left his 
money well invested and visited his ancestral man- 
sion with the best wishes of his employers. But, 
though his stay was long, he wrote that he "felt like 
an eagle in a hen coop," and again came to this- 
country. While waiting for something to turn up 
he made an engineer map of Ansonia and Derby, on 
the plan of the engineer maps of the German Empire, 
which he considered a model for the State. 

In 1876 Mr. Schneller purchased a spectacle fac- 
tory at Shelton, Conn., and, applying his inventive 
genius to the improvement of the mechanical process, 
resold it in six months to a competitor for three 
times its original cost. He then turned his attention 
to the manufacture of eyelets. The usual propor- 
tion of eyelets had been only about one half of the 
metal employed, and the process had been slow and 
complicated. In three years he had invented ma- 
chinery which saved more than sixty per cent, of 
the scrap wasted even by the best known process. 
To enable him to surpass the cheap hand labor of 
Europe he invented and patented a machine which 
turned out seven thousand eyelets per minute. By 
the process employed for setting eyelets only one at 
a time was handled. He invented a machine for 
setting every eyelet in a corset at one stroke, which 
revolutionized the industry both in this country- and 
in Europe. His inventions ranged from buttons tO' 
water meters and multiplex telegraphic apparatus. 
In addition to attending to his manufacturing inter- 
ests, he represented his town on the board of edu- 
cation, and in the State Legislature from 1891 to- 
1893; was one of the leading spirits in the electric 
street railroad of Derby ; and when the rubber com- 
panies of the United States formed a gigantic cor- 
poration he was a leading director and master 

When the dam which furnished power to the ex- 
tensive mills of his former employers was carried 
away, Mr. Schneller purchased and reorganized the 
textile branch of the business under the style of the 
Ansonia O. & C. Co., and became director and presi- 
dent of the Birmingham Brass Co. At the solicita- 
tion of friends he sometimes invested in outside 
schemes, but they never prospered as did those under 
his own guiding hand. His theory was that ditficul- 
ties existed in all kinds of business, but were not apt 



to be recognized in those operations carried on at a 

"A score of airy miles will smooth 
Rough Monadnoc to a gem." 

He believed that distant ventures were of little ac- 
count, but used to say that every young man had a 
gold mine under his feet if he could only see it. 

^Ir. Schnellcr loved the fresh sea breeze and had 
his lovely summer cottage by the seashore. The 
last year of his life (1895) he determined, in the 
spring, to build a new factory for his increasing 
business, and when it was completed to enjoy an 
ocean trip with his family to the home of his youth ; 
but before this could be realized he felt the breath of 
eternal morning on his brow. Just as his factory 
was completed, he caught a severe cold, which set- 
tled in the region of his heart, and he never re- 

In 1873 Mr. Schneller was married to Clarissa 
Ailing, of Ansonia. and to the union six children 
were born. The eldest, Marie Eloise, called by her 
classmates "Birdie," easily won first honors in 
her class, and in her memory a window has been 
placed in the high school building at Ansonia. The 
only son, George Otto, born in 1878, who evinces 
much of his father's spirit, determination and busi- 
ness ability, succeeds by the terms of the will to the 
care of his father's various enterprises. 

No history of the State of Connecticut would be 
complete without special mention of the Leaven- 
worth family, who from a very early day were con- 
spicuous among its earlier settlers, and have borne a 
prominent part in the growth and prosperity of the 
several portions of the State where the various 
branches have located. 

The first of the family in this country of whom 
we have mention was ( i ) Thomas Leavenworth, a 
native of England, in which country he married 
Grace (surname unknown). Some time after 1664 
(as learned only by tradition, however) they emi- 
grated to America, and he died in Woodbury, Conn., 
Aug..3, 1683. ^\n inventory of his personal estate 
was taken Aug. 20, the same year, showing valua- 
tion to be £225, 2s. id: this appears on the probate 
records of Fairfield district, also that he left two 
sons and one daughter, to-wit: Thomas (doctor), 
a sketch of whom follows; John, born probably in 
Woodbury, Litchfield Co., Conn., possibly in Eng- 
land, died after 1718; record of birth and death of 
daughter not given. The father of this family was 
a farmer and settled, no doubt, on (iood Hill, in the 
Western part of the present town of Woodbury, not 
far from the line of Roxbury, and there and in that 
vicinity the family have continued, being now quite 
numerous. A tradition in the family is that Thomas 
landed at Xew Haven, doubtless having come from 

In Russell's "Lives of Eccentric Personages," 

p. 96, in the record of the life of Sir Gerald Massey, 
reference is made to Sir Lewis Leavenworth as liv- 
ing in London, and to a ball given by him about the 
middle of the eighteenth century. Grace, the wife 
of ( I ) Thomas Leavenworth, survived him, and re- 
mained in Woodbury for a time ( perhaps perma- 
nently), and was there in February, 1686, owning 
land in "Hosky Meadow," al>out a mile from the 
village of Woodbury. It is supposed that she died 
in 1715. The execution of bonds by his wife, after 
his decease, with London persons, to which was at- 
tached the Leavenworth arms, would indicate that 
Thomas had formerly been a resident of London. 
Little is known of him, however, and no headstone 
bearing record of him is to be found in any of the 
cemeteries of Woodbury. But he was evidently a 
prosperous man in his affairs, judging from the 
property that he left, and from the way in which he 
brought up his children, viz. : in habits of industry 
and frugality. Unfortunately few data are pre- 
setted from which to form definite opinions of his 
character, save what may have been inherited from 
him. Of the character of the Leavenworth family 
there is little to be said that cannot with equal truth 
be applied to the good and early families of New 
England. They brought with them from the 
mother country the pure and rigid principles as well 
as the stern and unyielding spirit which had char- 
acterized the Puritans of England for a century 

(H) Dr. Thomas Leavenworth, son of (i) 
Thomas, was born in 1673, perhaps in Woodbury, 
possibly in England, and died Aug. 4, 1754, in 
Ripton, Conn. About 1698, at Stratford, he mar- 
ried Mary Jenkins, a daughter of David and Grace 
Jenkins, born in 1680, died at Ripton, in June, 1768, 
and she and her husband were buried at Ripton 
Center. In 1697-98, Dr. Thomas Leavenworth was 
received into conmiunion with the Stratford Church, 
having on the nth day of January, that year "owned 
the covenant." and in 1724 he and his wife became 
original members of the Church at Ripton, of which 
he was one of the founders. In 1726 he was deacon 
of the church, and a member of the society's com- 
mittee. In 1 73 1 he was one of the promoters of 
and interested parties in a copper mine in Woodbury. 
Dr. Thomas Leavenworth was a man of posi- 
tion, influence, energy and wealth. He had the 
j proper appreciation of the value of learning, and 
1 educated his son Mark at Vale, where he was grad- 
uated in 1737. Dr. Thomas evidently gave to 
i all his children every advantage usually en- 
1 joyed at that period, as all of them became active, 
■ useful and prominent men in after life, in the places 
\ where they resided. On July 6, 1748, he made his 
' will which was offered for probate by his widow, 
June 12. 1754. and was proved three days later. 
I [It can be found in Rook 1 754-1 757. pp. 41--I4] He 
I left a large property for those times. The Doctor 
lived in Stratford as early as 1695, and probably re- 
I moved to Ripton about 1721. His residence was di- 

; 1 - •\;';^ ■rfr^FW>?'T5^.'!W-<r;;"^^?T7-*'-' ^V. :!'i^'''i9?THT\T'rf»- -^t>«n 

' '^'''^^'■■ 'I'rftltTiiin' i MimM , i i AT li rj:rmiM' ii,iii,^ii^llim i^~'-^ '-'rTr' riTJiji 




rcctiv on the bank of tlie Housatonic river, about 
two miles above the village of Birmingham, and a 
short distance below the site of the "Leavenworth 
r.ridge," built originally ( 1768-69) by his son Capt. 
lulmnnd, and his grandson, (jideon, and subse- 
(|nently rebuilt by the latter. Here he had a large 
farm fronting on the river for more than a mile ; 
but not a vestige of his dwelling now remains. This 
property has remained in the family for over 200 

Dr. Thomas Leavenworth and his wife are, no 
doubt, the common progenitors of the whole family 
now living in the Lni^ed States. The headstones at 
their graves still remain in good condition in the 
old cemetery, near the Ripton Church, of which he 
was one of the founders. A brief record of the chil- 
dren of this pioneer couple, all born in Stratford, 
Conn., is as follows: James, born Sept. i, 1699, 
died Aug. i, 1760. David, born Oct. 12, 1701, died 
April 10, 1735. Ebenezer, born April 7, 1706, died 
in 1834, unmarried. John is fully spoken of farther 
on. Zebulon, born about 1710, died May 2, 1778. 
Mark, born about 1711, died Aug. 20, 1797, in the 
«eighty-sixth year of his age and the tifty-eighth year 
of his ministry: in March, 1760, he was appointed 
chaplain of the 2d Connecticut Regiment, com- 
manded by Col. Nathan \Vhiting. Thomas, born 
about 1 713, died in 1795. ^lary, born in 171 7. died 
in 1813. Hannah, born about 1719, was alive in 
1763. Sarah, born Xov. 6, 1721, was alive in 1758. 
Edmund, born in 1725, died July 17, 1785. 

(Ill) John Leavenworth, son of (II) Dr. 
Thomas, was born Xov. 3, 1708, and was baptized 
in Bridgeport (then Stratford), Conn. He mar- 
ried (first), about 1737, Deborah Hurd, who died 
Jan. I, 1746; he married (second), Jan. 29, 1747, 
Mary Bronson, who was born July 21, 1719, a 
daughter of Ebenezer B. and Mary Alann. He re- 
sided in Ripton in 1733. [Book IV, p. 164, Wood- 
bury Records.] His father deeded to him lands on 
Good Hill, in 1733, and he received a part of the 
estate of his brother Ebenezer. as well as part of the 
estate of his father. He died about the year 1783, 
and his will was proved in Woodbury Feb. 17, 1785. 
[\'III Prob. \'ol., p. 164. J His sons, Amos and 
Elihu, were his executors. He had a number of 
slaves with their families, which he disposed of by 
his will. During his life he was one of the leading 
men of Woodbury, and he lived on Good Hill, near 
the residence of the late John Leavenworth, and on 
or near the very ground where his grandfather 
Thomas first settled. The children born ( all in 
\\'oodbury) to John and Deborah (Hurd) Leaven- 
worth were as follows: David (Capt.) is fully 
spoken of farther on. Abigail, boni about 1739, 
died March 4, 1782. John, born in 1739, died in 
June, 1802; served in the war of ihe Revolution. 
[Cothren, p. ~'^t^.\ Lcnniel, born Oct. 9, 1743, died 
April 30, 1825 : he took up arms to resist the inva- 
sion of Burgoyne, and was at the battle of Benning- 

ton. Deborah was baptized May 8, 1745. The 
children born (all in Woodbury) to John and Mary 
(Bronson) Leavenworth were as follows: Sybil, 
born in 1747; Amos, baptized Aug. 9, 1753, died 
Sept. 2, 1828; Avis, born in 1754; Elihu, born Oct. 
5, 1756, died Dec. 25, 1756; Elisha, baptized July 
3, 1 703, died early in life ; Elihu, born June 10, 1763, 
aied July i, 18 17. 

(IV) Capt. David Leavenworth, eldest son of 
(III) John, was born about 1738 in Woodbury, 
where he passed all of his days, dying March 25, 
1820. In 1796 he was captain of the fourth com- 
pany, 13th regiment of the Colony of Connecticut, 
and served in the army of the Revolution. [See 
Cothren, pp. 195-6-7 and 204-8-10-11.] His will 
was proved April 10, 1820. [XIII Vol., Prob., p. 
4.] He was engaged heart and soul in the war 
of the Revolution ; was called out with his com- 
pany to X'ew York, besides on various other occa- 
sions, and proved himself one of the active and ener- 
getic men of those trying times. Accounts of his 
services and expenses at Fairfield in 1778, and on 
other occasions, are on file at the comptroller's ofifice 
at Hartford. The account for militia service, etc., 
at Fairfield, amounted to £36, 3s, iid; another ac- 
count is £99, 3s, 4d. 

Capt. David Leavenworth married, (first) Feb. 
8, 1759, Olive Hunt. Children: Gideon, born Oct. 
26. 1759, died Oct. 15, 1827, in Roxbury, Conn.; he 
served in the Revolutionary army [Cothren, p. 
783], and was a commissary under LaPayette. Da- 
vid died in the spring of 1858; he was in the war of 
the Revolution. [Cothren, p. jS},.] Morse is fully 
mentioned farther on. Anna, born Xov. 15, 1767. 
Capt. David married (second) Oct. 30, 1776, Alary 
Downs. Children : Whitman, born March 22. 
1778. Mary, born March 16, 1780, died young. 
Abigail, who is mentioned in her father's will, mar- 
ried Josiah Rundle, and moved to Whitestown, X'. 
Y. Olive married Xathaniel Galpin, of Roxbury, 

(Vj Morse Leavenworth, son of (IV) Capt. 
David, was born in Roxbury, Conn., July i, 1764, 
and died there X'ov. 12, 1822. He married. Dec. 
25> ^I'&if Sarah Benedict, born in Xew Milford, 
Conn.. Jan. 30, 1760, and died in Ro.xbury, Jan. 
29, 1856. She was a daughter of Squire Jonathan 
Benedict, who was born in 1723. Morse was a 
highly respected farmer, and through energy and 
perseverance, which has been characteristic of the 
name even down to the present generation, he accu- 
mulated considerable property. His will was 
proved Dec. 3, 1822. [XIII, Prob. Vol., p. 138.J 
He was a soldier in the army of the Revolution. 
[Cothren, p. 783.] He built and lived and died in 
the house now owned by his grandson. John H., 
who is a teacher and farmer, living in Roxbury. 
Children born to Morse Leavenworth : Martin, 
born Jan. 12, 1785, died Feb. 16, 1813. Truman, 
born Aug. 18, 1786, died March 26, 1852. Philo, 

. ii'> "i ' ''i-'i't ' , .'j: :". 
.':>'■■ ' !:i'.o' .l'<"V'i_ h.) 

i ./. .v.-/: 

10 ,f: 

I .Uli-... (71 > 



born Oct. 3, 1789, died Feb. 11, 1835; he served 
in the war of 1812. Wait is fully spoken of farther 
on. Harriet, bom Oct. 30, 1796. Alorse, born July 
27, 1805, died Nov. 23, 1852. • 

(Vr) Wait Leavenworth, son of (V) Morse, 
was born Sept. 12, 1792, in Roxbury, Conn. On 
March 30, 1812, he married Amoretta Patterson, 
daughter of James and Clara Patterson, of Roxbury, 
Conn. He was a farmer, a good citizen and highly 
esteemed, was pleasant, sociable and of a generous 
disposition. He was a large man, weighing some 
200 pounds. In 1838 he served in the Legislature, 
and for many years held various town offices, in- 
cluding that of selectman. His children, all born 
in Roxbury, were: James Martin, born Feb. 26, 
1813, died Jan. 26, 1814. James IMartin (2) is 
fully spoken of farther on. William, born July 23, 
1816. George, born Sept. 15, 1820, died May 12, 
1847. Wait, born May 9, 1827. Edwin, born April 
21, 1831, died in 1S97. Charles Royal, born Dec. 
14, 1834, is living in Roxbury. Two others died in 

(VH) James }klartin Leavenworth, son of (VI) 
Wait, and the father of Col. Walter James, was born 
in Roxbury, Conn., Sept. 28, 1815, and died in 
Wallingford, Conn., in 1889. By occupation he was 
a carpenter and joiner; for some time prior to his 
death was millwright and carpenter for the R. W^all-. 
ace & Sons Alfg. Co., and superintended the erec- 
tion of several of the buildings belonging to this 
firm. He was not active in f)olitical affairs, but ex- 
hibited great zeal in educational matters, and served 
as a member of the committee that had charge of 
the building of the public school m Wallingford 
(whither he had come in 1852), which was erected 
in 1870-71 at a cost of nearly $32,000, and is said 
to be one of the most complete buildings of its kind 
in the State. He was a member of the Congrega- 
tional Church, and was a quiet, unassuming man. 
A great reader, he took considerable pride and much 
delight in his library, which was quite extensive for 
a private one, being replete with works of standard 

On Feb. 7, 1844, James M. Leavenworth mar- 
ried Julia Hurd, daughter of Jehiel and Deborah 
(Percy) Hurd, of Roxbury, Conn., and children as 
follows were born to them : Walter James, a sketch 
of whom follows; Julia Isabel, born Oct. 8, 1848, 
in Roxbury, who died May 29, 1858, in Walling- 
ford; and Margaret Percy, born May 21, 1859, ^" 
Wallingford, now the wife of Charles E. Moody, 
of Honey Grove, Texas. The mother of these died 
in Medford, Mass., in 1891. 

(VIII) Col. Walter James Leavenworth, son 
of (VII) James M.. was born Feb. 20. 1845, in the 
town of Roxbury, Conn., where he received, at the 
primary schools, the earlier part of his education, 
continuing his studies at the common schools of 
Wallingford, where the family removed when he 
was seven years old. At the age of fifteen years, be- 
ing desirous of following his father's trade, he 

started to learn that of joiner; but at the end of a 
few months he gave it up and entered the factory 
of G. I. Mix & Co., of Yalesville, New Haven 
county, manufacturers of Britannia ware. Here 
he remained but a short time, however, from there 
going to the Meriden Britannia Co.'s factory in 
Wallmgford, and he continued in its employ until 
1862. Heretofore he had no taste for office work, 
but an opportunity presenting itself, he accepted a 
position as entry clerk with Hall, Elton & Co., man- 
ufacturers of plated ware, which position he held 
until, owing to his marked ability, and the energy 
which he had shown in every minute detail of the 
business, he was promoted to the office of secretary 
of the company. This incumbency he held and the 
duties thereof he performed to the entire satisfaction 
of the company, until 1877, in that year resigning 
to accept the position of treasurer of the Wallace 
Bros.' tactory. In 1879 '^^"s firm merged into the 
R. Wallace & Sons Alfg. Co., and Air. Leavenworth 
was at the same time elected treasurer and general 
manager of the placing of the product of this mam- 
moth factory on the market. From his very com- 
mencement in this capacity the business of the hrm • 
was trebled, and is still increasing rapidly. The 
company are large manufacturers of all kinds, and 
in great varieties, of silver ware for table use, and 
employment is given to from 700 to 850 hands. 
They have branch houses in New York, Chicago, 
San Francisco and London, England. 

In addition to his business relations just men- 
tioned, Col. Leavenworth was until recently presi- 
dent and director of the Wallingford Gas Light 
Co., of which he was one of the incorporators ; he 
is a director of the First National Bank of Walling- 
ford, also one of its incorporators, and on the death 
of Samuel Simpson (late president of the bank) 
in 1894, he was elected to succeed him. As a stanch 
Republican he is a recognized leader, and has served 
in various offices of trust and honor. In 1897 he 
represented the town of Wallingford in the State 
Legislature, and during his two years there was 
chairman of the military committee. 

In municipal affairs he was burgess of the bor- 
ough of Wallingford four years ; chairman of the 
board of water commissioners, also four years ; and 
he is now president of the Wallingford Board of 
Trade, having held that position ever since the for- 
mation of the board. He is at present a member of 
the Central School District Committee, having taken 
office July 15, 1900, for two years, by the unani- 
mous vote of the district. 

Socially Col. Leavenworth is a member of the 
Wallingford Club, of Wallingford, and also of the 
Republican League Club, and the Union League 
Club, both of New Haven. His religious connec- 
tions are with the First Congregational Church of 
Wallingford, of which he is a liberal supporter. 

Col. Leavenworth enjoys a military record that 
covers nearly fifteen years. On Sept. 15, 1871, he 
enlisted in Company K, 2d Regiment, Connecticut 



: I 

National Guard; was appointed first sergeant on 
tlic 19th of the same month, and promoted suc- 
cessively to second lieutenant ^Dec. 14, 1S71), first 
liiaitenant (Aug. 25, 1873), and captain (Jan. ^29, 
1874), resigning Jan. 17, 1877. On Nov. 11, iSSo, 
he was again appointed to the captaincy of the same 
company, and again resigned June lO, 1882. On 
July 26, 1SS2, he was elected lieutenant colond of 
the 2d Regiment National Guard, and Feb. 16, 1885, 
was promoted to the colonelcy of same, which rank 
he held several years, resigning from the command 
June 22, 18S9. He was highly esteemed as an 
efficient ofiicer and a strict disciplinarian. 

On Oct. 21, 1S67, Col. Leaven v.-orth was married 
to Miss Nettie A. \\'allace, a native of Watertown, 
and a daughter of Robert and Louisa Wallace, of 
Wallingford, and children as follows have becii 
born to them: Clifford Wallace, born ALay 16, 1869, 
a graduate from Yale in 1891, is now president of 
the \'alentine Linsley Silver Co., of \Vallingford ; 
Isabel Wallace, born in 1871, died m 1889; Bessie 
Adele, born in 1874, was married in 1897 to Carl 
ton H. Leach, son of the late Hon. Oscar Leach, of 
Middletown (they have one child, \\'alter Leaven- 
worth) ; and John Wallace, born July 20, 1882, is 
at present attending school at Andover, preparatory 
to entering Yale. 

It can truly be said that Col. Leavenworth has, 
during his business career, identified himself prom- 
inently with every interest of his town in the line 
of public improvement, and has earned the reputa- 
tion which attaches to him — that of being an honor- 
able and highly useful, loyal citizen. A repre- 
sentative self made man, his success in life is due 
wholly to his untiring energy and indomitable per- 
severance, and he has in all respects proven himself 
to be a worthy scion of a worthy family. 

AUSTIN MANSFIELD, who was for many 
years a prominent business man of New Haven, 
came from a long and honorable line of New Eng- 
land families. Jesse Merrick ^Mansfield, his father, 
was in the seventh generation from Richard Mans- 
field, who came from Exeter, Devonshire. England, 
and settled in Quinnipiac (New Haven), in 1639, 
being one of the first settlers of the Colony. Joseph 
Mansfield, son of Richard, lived on the part of his 
father's farm located in what is known as Hamden, 
and died in 1692. Joseph Mansfield (2), his son, 
born in 1673, married Elizabeth Cooper; he occu- 
pied the homestead and farm of his father and 
grandfather. Joseph ^Mansfield (3), born in 1708, 
married Phebe Bassett in 1732, resided at the old 
place of his ancestors, and died about 1762, leaving 
a son, Titus, who married Mabel Todd, and lived at 
the old Mansfield farm. Jesse Mansfield, son of 
I itus and grandfather of our subject, was born in 
1772. and was a carpenter bv occupation ; he married 
Kc/iah Stiles, and lived in Hamden. Cnimecticut. 

Ji--e Merrick Mansfield, the father of our sub- 
ject, was born July 11, 1801, in Hamden, Conn., and 

was a farmer there during the early part of his ca- 
reer, but later engaged in the coal business in New 
Haven, where his death occurred March 23, 1878. 
Mr. Mansfield was three times married, first on 
Oct. 2T„ 1825, to Charlotte Heaton, who died June 

19, 1844. His second wife, Julia Tuttle, died in 
1849, ^i^*^ o" Nov. 3, 1850, he married Catherine B. 
Warner. His children were: Ellen, born in 1826, 
died in i860; Austin, born in 1829, died in 1831; 
Austin (2), born April 7, 1833, died Nov. 24, 1898; 
Susan, born in 1837; Howard, born in 1849; and 
Burton, born in 1856. 

Austin Mansfield was reared in the vicinity of 
Hamden, and attended the district sch'X)Is, and later 
came to New Haven, where he began his career in 
the lumber business in association with George D. 
Gower. The death of ^Ir. Gower, in 1885, caused 
some immaterial changes, and for several years .Mr. 
Mansfield continued the business alone and then 
took his son with him, making the firm Austin Mans- 
field & Son, this name continuing until the death of 
Mr. Alansfield, in 1898. The first marriage of Mr. 
jMansfield was to Emily Ford, who died in 1879, 
leaving one son, Louis A., who carries on the lumber 
business established by his father. On May 14, 
1885, Mr. Mansfield married }kliss Charlotte E. Jud- 

The family of Mrs. ^lansfield came from old 
Revolutionary stock. Her father, Jerome T. Jud- 
son, was born in Newtown, Conn., Nov. 9, 1830, 
and died in New Haven, July 16, -1872. He mar- 
ried Jane P. Hall, who was born in Newtown, June 

20, 1836, a daughter of Alexander Hall, Esq., of 
Newtown, who was born in Putnam county, N. Y., 
June 2^, 1800, and Reb cca Colburn Hall of New- 
town. Mr. and ^Irs. Jerome T. Judson were mar- 
ried and lived in New Haven, where he became well 
known as the senior member of the packing house 
of Judson Bros. Mrs. Mansfield was their only 
child. After the death of INIr. Judson, his widow, 
in 1879, became the wife of George M. Grant, who 
is now also deceased. 

Jerome T. Judson was a son of Truman Judson, 
a farmer of Ro.xbury, Conn. He married Antoi- 
nette Hurlburt, and reared a family of ten children : 
Jerome T., the father of Mrs. Mansfield was the 
eldest of the family. The others were Charles E., 
deceased; Philena; Warner D. ; Henrietta; Antoi- 
nette; Martha; Betsie ; George; and Ellen. 

in Montpelier, Vt., July 6, 1841. son of Oren Cum- 
mings, a native of the same place, who was born 
Feb. 20, 1801, and died at East ]\Iontpelier, April 

21, 1884. Elisha Cummings, the father of Oren, 
was brjrn in Sutton, Mass., and his father was Dan- 
iel Cummings. 

Elisha Cummings moved from Sutton to Mont- 
pelier, he and his wife making the journey in an 
ox-cart, and settled in the wilderness, engaging in 
farming, and disputing a place with the wild beasts 



that abounded at that time. At the time of his 
.location the nearest neighbor was three miles away. 
Mr. Cunimings Hved to the age of ninety-one. He 

, -and his wife reared a family of nine children ; 

i Sophia, Joel, Oren (the father of Luther \\'.), 
Avery, Lorenda, Almira, Amassa, and Lucius and 

: Luman (twins), all of whom were farming people, 
and settled in the same part of the State. 

Oren Cummings, the father of Luther W'., was 
a farmer all his life. He married I'.etsy Wheeler, 

! who was born in Montpelier in 1802, and died Feb. 

'22, 1878. To them came five children: Henry 
^L, born in 1828; Albert C)., bom in 1829; Timothy 
S., born in 1833; Elizabeth, born in 1837; and 
Luther \V., whose name appears above. Henry ^L, 
who was a fanner, died in East Montpelier, \'t.,Aug. 
7, 1881. Albert O. is now retired from active la- 
bors, and is living in Montpelier. Timothy S. is a 
farmer, and lives at East Montpelier. Elizabeth 
married Henry S. Town, a farmer in Montpelier. 
Oren Cummings became a Republican when the 
party was organized. 

]\Irs. Betsy (Wheeler) Cummings was a 
daughter of Jerathmel B. Wheeler, who was born 
in 1768, and settled in Montpelier, coming with his 
brother Benjamin from Massachusetts. They were 
great-grandsons of James Wheeler, who was born 
in England. Col. Philip Wheeler, son of James, 
was born in 1698, and died Sept. 19, 1765. Capt. 
Philip Wheeler, son of Col. Philip, was born in 
1733. We have .the following concerning him: 

i . 

I ■ Rehoboth, Mass., Nov. 22, 1774. 

The town of Rehoboth, being legally warned and assem- 
bled on the 21st inst., made choice of .Mr. Ephraim Stark- 
weather, .Mr. Samuel Peck, Capt. Ebenezer Feck, Capt. 
Philip Wheeler, and Capt. Thomas Carpenter, a Committee 
for executing the Plans of the Continental and Provincial 
; Congresses; and. also gave Orders to the Constables and 
! ■Collectors to pay Henry Gardner, of Stow, Esq., .Monies 
' which they then had or in future might have in their hands 
belonging to the Province, agreeable to a Resolve of the 
Provincial Congress, who have considered the late Treasurer 
■Gray unworthy of any further Confidence, and an avowed 
Enemy to the Rights of America. 

From the Providence Gazette and Country Jour- 
nal of Saturday, Dec. 3, 1774: 

Sunday Night last died at Palmer's River Captain 
Philip Wheeler, whose Death was occasioned by a Wound 
he received in the Leg at the Training of his Company a 
few Days before, a young Man having carelessly and con- 
trary to Orders, discharged his Gun which contained a 
double Charge of Powder. This fatal Accident should cau- 
tion all that are engaged in learning the Art military to sub- 
mit themselves entirely to the Orders of their Officers. 

Capt. Wheeler has left a Wife, and a numerous Family 
of Children, to deplore his loss. 

Luther W. Cummings grew to manhood under 
the parental roof, and remained on the home farm 
until he was twenty-one years of age, receiving his 
education in the old district school. It was a mile 
from his home, and his father had to go three 
miles. \\"hen he had reached the age of twentv- 


one it was time for him to strike out in life for 
himself. The first move he made was to come to 
Connecticut, where he worked as a laborer on the 
railroad near Hartford, which presently led him to 
the position of fireman on the Providence, Hartford 
& Fishkill Railroad ; he served an apprenticeship of 
ft)ur years. Mr. Cummings came to Watcrbury in 
1867, and took charge of the engine for the Steele 
& Johnson Co., and for twenty-tive years was its 
operator. For about seven years he has been re- 
tired from active work. 

On Sept. 15, 1874, Mr. Cummings married Miss 
Isabel A. Frost, a native of Watcrbury. and a 
daughter of Jared I'rost, who was born in North 
Haven, Conn.. Sept. 18, 1820, and died in Water- 
bury June II, 1873. Jared Frost was with the 
Benedict & Burnham Manufacturing Co., many 
years. He married Susan Lambert, who was born 
in Watcrbury, Dec. 26. 1822, and died Jan. 29, 1883. 
They had two children : Charles X. and Isabel A. 
(Mrs. Cummings). Charles X. lives in Kenosha, 
Wis., where he is superintendent of the Chicago 
Brass Co., and president of the 15adger Manufactur- 
ing Co. Willard Frost, the father of Jared, was 
born in X'orth Haven, Conn., married Miriam Ives, 
Dec. 3, 1809, and died April 17, 1854. The fol- 
lowing children were born to them : Horace, 
Louise, William T.. Jared (the father of Mrs. Cum- 
mings) and Alva. The father of Willard Frost 
was born in X'orth Haven June 18, i7-'|.8, and 
throughout his life was a man of mark. His wife. 
Mabel Stiles, was a daughter of Isaac Stiles, and 
the niece of President Stiles, of Yale College. Their 
children were Polly, Titus, Julia, John, Samuel, 
Willard and Leverett. Ebenezer Frost, the grand- 
father of Willard, was born in Xorth Haven, and 
died about 1757. Damaris Ives became his wife, 
and they reared a family of eight children: Mar\', 
Samuel, Sybil, Amos. Titus, Mary, Lucy and Eben- 
ezer. Ebenezer Frost, father of the Ebenezer just 
tr.enticned. was born in Xorth Haven Aug. 15, 1677, 
married Mary Tuttle, and reared the following 
children : Hannah, Ebenezer, Mary. Mary, Sarah, 
Martha. John. Abigail, Amos, Thankful and Eliza- 
beth. John Frost, the father of Ebenezer, was born 
in England, and settled in Xorth Haven. 

After their marriage Luther W. Cunimings and 
his wife settled in Watcrbury, where three children 
were born to them : Harr\- F., July 26, 1875 • Gor- 
man W., Feb. 27, 1881 ; and Phillip I., Xov. 13, 
1892. Mr. Cummings is an independent in political 
matters. He is a man of good character and stand- 
ing in the community. 

ford. Conn., March 6, 1825, has been prominently 
identified with the industrial and mercantile inter- 
ests of this count ' 'ring the past half century. 

Samuel Meigs, ...s father, was born in the town 
of Bethlehem, Litchfield Co., Conn., in 1791. a son 
of Dr. Phineas Meigs, a leading physician and prom- 





jii 'lit citizen of that place who cHcd in 1805. Samuel 
Meigs was reared and educated in his native town, 
and at the age of twenty removed to Oxford where 
lie was employed by the lion. David Tondinson, 
grandfather of Charles A. Meigs, as will appear 
later. Air. Tondinson conducted a general mer- 
cantile business at Quaker Farms, a village in the 
town of Oxfeird. and was cngagetl in the West In- 
dies trade, owning vessels plying between Derby, 
New flaven and those Islands; was also largely in- 
terested in agriculture, owning 2.300 acres of land, 
mostlv in the town of Oxford, and was a wealthy 
and inrtuential citizen of that place, serving for a 
time as Senator in the State Legislature. Samuel 
Meigs married Lorena, daughter of David Tom- 
linson, and to them were born five children, namely: 
Sarah E., who married Charles Dick, and died in 
1888; Jane C, widow of George Lum; Benjamin, 
who died in childhood; David T., who died in 1889; 
and Charles A., whom we are reviewing. Samuel 
Meigs spent his last years upon the farm in Oxford, 
where he died in the spring of 1855, '^^ the age of 
sixty-five. He was a member of the Masonic fra- 
ternity, served in the State Legislature, and although 
not a lawyer, he was well versed in legal matters 
through extensive reading. 

Charles Augustus Aleigs passed the early years 
of his life at the old homestead in Quaker Farms, 
and obtained his education in the common schools 
of the neighborhood. At the age of sixteen he went 
to Birmingham, Conn., where he served a five years' 
apprenticeship to the tailor's trade, but owing to ill 
health, was unable to follow that occupation. Re- 
turning to Oxford he taught school for one season, 
and in 1849 removed to Waterbury. Conn., where 
he started the first bakery in the place. He con- 
tinued in the baking business until the spring of 
1852, when, accompanied by his brother David, he 
went to California by way of the Nicaragua route. 
On landing at San Francisco they proceeded to the 
Feather River country, where they engaged in pros- 
pecting and mining until 1855, when they returned 
to Waterbury. There he again engaged in the bak- 
ing business, and in 1857 took John T. Trott into 
partnership, under the firm name of Meigs & Trott. 
This firm continued for over thirty years and be- 
came well known throughout the State on account of 
its extensive business, especially in the manufac- 
ture of crackers. In 1858, leaving the firm business 
to the management of his partner, Mr. Meigs again 
went to California, where he remained for seven 
years. Since his return to Connecticut in 1865, he 
has divided his time between Waterbury and Quaker 
Farms, having business interests in both places. He 
has, however, during the past few years d;voted 
most of his time to his farming interests, and at 
present resides at the old homestead where he was 
born nearly seventy-seven years ago. 

In 1857 Mr. Aleigs was married to Miss Lucy 
Vale, of Canaan. Conn., who died the following 
year. He was again married Jan. 3, 1S67, Bernice, 

daughter of FJienezer and Julia (Davis) Riggs, 
of O.xforil, becoming his wife. 

Ebenezer Riggs was a prominent citizen of that: 
town, served in the .State Legislature, and was ctjn- 
spicuous for his hospitality and kindly characteris- 
tics. Mrs. Meigs' ancestors include many people 
prominently identified with the early history and 
development of \ew Haven county, among them 
being Sergeant Edward Riggs, one of the first two 
settlers of Derby, Comi. Of this second marriage 
have been born three children : David, who died in 
infancy; AIar\-, a resident of Waterbury; and 
Charles E., an attorney at law" of that place, who 
is a graduate of the Scientific Department of Yale 
University, and was a student in both the Yale and 
Harvard Law Schools. In his political views, Mr.. 
Meigs is a Republican, and religiously he is a mem- 
ber of the Protestant Episcopal Church, to which 
his wife also belongs. As a business man he is 
honorable, prompt and true to every engagement. 
He is a man who has lived and has been active dur- 
ing the world's greatest period of development, and 
he belongs to the type of New England family that 
is too fast disappearing. 

ALBERT CHATFIELD. Among the ener- 
getic and successful farmers of Oxford, who thor- 
oughly understand the vocation which they follow, 
and are consequently enabled to carry on their call- 
ing with profit to themselves, is the subject of this 
review. He is actively engaged in agricultural pur- 
suits on a fine farm of sixty acres. 

Mr. Chatfield is a native of the town of Oxford, 
born on the farm now owned by Preston Henman, 
Alarch 14, 1824, and is a son of Lewis and Thirza 
( Perry ) Chatfield. In early life the father engaged 
in mercantile business in Oxford, but later followed 
farming. He died in 1858, at the age of seventy 
years, and his wife passed away at the advanced 
age of ninety-three. In their family were only two 
children, and Martha, the older, is now deceased. 
' Reared in his native town, Albert Chatfield is 
indebted to its public schools for his educational 
advantages, and being the only son, he remained at 
home with his parents, aiding his father in the 
work of the farm and early acquiring an excellent 
knowdedge of the occupation which he has chosen as 
a life work. In i860 he removed to the farm where 
he now resides, and to its cultivation and improve- 
ment has since devoted his energies, being success- 
fully engaged in general farming. Politically he 
is a stanch Republican. 

STREET WILLIAMS was born July 9, 1833. 
in Wallingford, where his father, Julius Williams, 
was born April 25, 1801, and where he died Oct. 26, 
1881. The father was a Whig and became a Re- 
publican on the formation of the party. He was 
much interested in political affairs from princijde, 
but was never an office seeker; he was a hard-work- 
ing and an earnest member of St. I'aul's Episcopal 



Church and served as warden for nearly twenty 
years, and as vestryman many years. Julius Will- 
iams was married, in 1827, to Miss Betsy Todd, 
who was born in 1806, a daughter of Eliazer Todd, 
of North Haven; she died Nov. 11, 1844. To their 
marriage were born: (r) Dwight, born Oct. 6, 
1828, and died ]May 7, 1874; he was a life-long 
farmer, and he married Miss Sarah A. Lamphier, 
of Branford. (2) Street. (3) Juliette E., bom 
May 8, 1841, married Edgar Squires, of Bridgeport. 

Willoughby Williams, father of Julius, was born 
in 1757, in Wallingford, where he died in 1837. 
For many years he was senior warden of St. Paul's 
Episcopal Church. In early life he was a Federal- 
ist, and died a Whig. In matters of finance his 
judgment was regarded as good, and he was much 
employed in settling estates. He married Abigail 
Merriman, of Wallingford, and was father to the 
following children: (i) Philo, who died in 1805, 
aged nineteen years; (2) Sallie, who married John 
Street, of Holyoke, Mass., a descendant of the 
famous Rev. Samuel Street, one of the first settlers 
of Wallingford; (3) Lodema, who married Ira 
Munson, of Wallingford; (4) Harry, who married 
Rebecca Todd, of Northford; (5) Julius noted 
above; (6) Abby, who married John H. Johnson, 
of Wallingford; and (7) Lucinda, who wedded 
Jesse Tuttle, of Hamden. 

Willoughby Williams, Sr., father of Willoughby, 
and great-grandfather of Street Williams, is sup- 
posed to have come from England, where he was 
born in 1736. He died in 1776. Where he set- 
tled in Wallingford is still known as the "Williams 
section," and is still occupied by a large number of 
his descendants. He was a weaver by trade, and 
was a very active man, and exceedingly athletic ; 
he was able to put his great strength and endurance 
to good use in the French war, when he was taken 
prisoner at Quebec, and confined by the French on 
board a ship. In the night he dropped into the 
river, swam ashore, and reached the English lines. 
He married Abigail Allen, and had several children, 
among whom were Willoughby and Herman. The 
daughters went to the West, and all trace of them 
has been lost. 

Street Williams passed his boyhood days in 
Wallingford, and received his education in the pub- 
lic schools and in private schools taught by Levi 
W. Hart, a Mr. Barnes, and Charles Cothren. When 
he was eighteen years of age he entered the State 
Normal School at New Britain, where he was well 
prepared for a career in the school room. After 
leaving the Normal he taught school for two years, 
but circumstances turned his attention to farming, 
which he afterward followed during his active life, 
and made a decided success of it in the very best 
sense of the word. In 1893 he sold the greater 
part of his estate to his nephew, Julius D. Williams, 
and removed to North Main street, Wallingford, 
where he built himself a comfortable and attractive 
residence, and here he is spending his last years in 

the enjoyment of a rest for which he has richly 
paid in long and arduous years. 

Mr. Williams is a Republican, and has filled 
various local offices. For seven years he served as 
assessor of the town, and for three years has been 
on the Board of Relief. Deeply interested in educa- 
tion he has been connected with the administration 
of the local schools for many years, for over thirty 
years was clerk of School District No. 7. For four 
years he has been justice of the peace, and is still 
active in that position. From his youth He has been 
a member of St. Paul's Episcopal Church, where he 
has been vestryman for twenty-five years, and for 
many years treasurer of the parish. He was super- 
intendent of the Sunday-school seven years, and 
still works earnestly for its success. 

On Sept. 28, 1864, Street Williams was married 
to Miss Julia A. Blackman, who was born Feb. 23, 
183S, a daughter of William Blackman, of Hunting- 
ton, Conn. She is an excellent companion and help- 
meet, and Mr. Williams attributes much of the suc- 
cess and happiness in life which he has enjoyed to 
the counsel and co-operation of his gifted wife. 
^Ir. Williams has, in an eminent degree, the con- 
fidence and respect of his fellow citizens. 

known business citizen of Meriden, Conn., is 
George M. Rockwell, who is associated with the 
Charles Parker Co., in the gun shop department, 
engaged in his trade as contractor. 

Mr. Rockwell was born in Lebanon, New London 
Co. Conn., Alarch 23, 1840, a son of Jabez Rockwell. 
The latter was born in Norwich, Vermont, where he 
was thoroughly educated, and later entered upon the 
profession of teaching. While in young manhood 
he came to Lebanon, Conn., purchased some land 
and during the winters taught school and followed 
farming in the summers. At a later date he re- 
moved with his family to Norwich, Conn., follow- 
ing the same lines, becoming one of the best known 
educators in the county, and a man who was uni- 
versally respected. During his later years he was 
an invalid, from a paralytic attack, his last days 
being made as comfortable as possible by the care 
and attention of friends. In political opinion, he 
was a Democrat, while his religious views made 
him a Universalist. Mr. Rockwell was a valued 
member of the Masonic fraternity, and for many 
years was active in its work. Jabez Rockwell was 
a man of fine character and of literary ability far 
above the average. An omnivorous reader, he was 
one of the ardent supporters of all educational and 
progressive measures in his town, and was for many 
years the most interested subscriber to the Hart- 
ford Times, in Norwich. He was married in Leba- 
non, Conn., to Eunice Bailey, her death taking place 
in Norwich, where both she and her husband are 
interred. She was a devoted wife and mother, and 
a woman of high Christian character, for many 
years being a consistent member of the Methodist 

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Church. She was known for her charity and kind- 
ness, and as the years of her life gathered, she grew 
in grace, and her gentle influence still remains as a 
hencdicfion to all who knew her. Xo tribute could 
be too great to honor a devoted mother. To Mr. 
and Mrs. Rockwell was born a large family, many 
of these having become valued and useful members 
of society, while others have joined the "great ma- 
jority." Their names were; Austin, deceased; 
fohn, also deceased; William, deceased; Bailey, de- 
ceased ; Elisher, deceased ; Charles, deceased ; Fred- 
erick Augustus, a resident of Providence, R. I. ; 
Julia married Jedediah Maynard; Mary, deceased, 
married Henry Hasen ; James and George M., twins, 
the former deceased ; Arthur, deceased ; and Nellie, 
who married John W. Martin, of Florence, ]\Iass- 

George M. Rockwell, the eleventh child of Jabez 
and Eunice (Bailey) Rockwell, attended the dis- 
trict schools in Lebanon in his boyhood and was 
still a lad when the family removal was made to 
Norwich. Here he entered school again for a time, 
but while still a youth, became a clerk in the hat 
store of Mr. J. AI. Currier, remaining until he se- 
cured a more lucrative position in the clothing 
store of William Gardiner, of Norwich. Two years 
were spent here by 2^Ir. Rockwell as clerk, but his 
desire was to learn a trade, and after looking the 
ground over, he decided to enter the tin shop of 
Roth & Dennis, and became skilled in that business. 
Here he spent three years, learning the trade thoi- 
oughly in all its branches, and then started out as 
a journeyman, working through the various towns 
in this capacity, for several years. Finally Mr. 
Rockwell became associated with C. R. Pryor, and 
they opened up a business in Greenville, the firm 
style being Pryor & Rockwell, this partnership last- 
ing about four years, and Mr. Rockwell continued 
alone, remaining there for a period of twelve years. 
From Greenville 3ilr. Rockwell then removed to 
Woonsocket, R. L, where he found employment in 
a wringer factory, remaining there until 1883, at 
which time he came to ]vleriden. Conn., and accepted 
the position of inspector, offered him by the Parker 
Bros., in the gun factory, two years later being made 
the contractor in the gun department, filling that 
position with efficiency for the last sixteen years. 
J^Ir. Rockwell is one of the most valued among the 
reliable and capable men that this great company 
has attracted to their works. Their name and 
product is widely known, a result of the emplo\nient 
of skilled men who manage so many of their import- 
ant departments. 

In Meriden, Mr. Rockwell is highly esteemed in 
social and business circles. In 1891 he purchased a 
most desirable place on Queen street, and with his 
own skill made improvements which have made his 
residence the most comfortable and attractive on the 
street. It is gracefully presided over by his most 
amiable and estimable wife, a lady of great charm 
of manner, and one of the capable housewives of 

I Meriden. Mr. Rockwell was married in 1863, in 
I Middletown, Conn., to ]\liss Bessie Balch, who was 
I born m Colchester, Conn., a daughter of Ahimaaz 
I and Eliza (Lee) Balch. Socially Mr. Rockwell is 
i connected with the I. O. O. F. Uncas Lodge, No. 11, 
i of Norwich. in his political sympathy, he is a 
I strong supporter of the Republican party, but he 
j loves the quiet and peace of his own fireside, with 
1 the companionship of his wife and his books and 
I papers, too much to resign them to enter into any 
I contest for political preferment. Although not 
connected with any religious body, Mr. Rockwell is 
I a man of moral life, scrupulously faithful in per- 
forming his duties to his employers, broad in his 
charities, and fulfills every demand made upon him 
as a good citizen. 

EVELYN E. STEVENS, than whom few men 
in New Haven are better known, comes of a long 
line of eminently respectable ancestry. Of his 
grandfather, Elias Stevens, who served in the Revo- 
lutionary war, a more extended mention may be 
found elsewhere. 

Jedediah Chapman Stevens, son of Elias, was 
born on Cow Hill, now Prospect Hill, in Clinton, 
Conn., May 5, 1807. His early education was ac- 
quired in the district schools, and early in life he 
started out for himself, by working in a blacksmith 
shop near his home. He was first associated with 
his father, and afterward with his brother, Harvey. 
They carried on general blacksmithing, and made 
edge tools, Harvey having a secret method of tem- 
pering the steel whereby he produced an extremely 
high grade article. Their patrons came from miles 
around, and they shod many oxen that were brought 
in from distant towns. Jedediah Stevens was of 
medium height, a hard-working man, and when 
he died the business practically died too. While 
mowing a field he received a sunstroke from which 
his death resulted Aug. 8, 1876, and his remains are 
buried in Clinton. His home was erected under his 
supervision in 1855. Politically he was a Repub- 
lican, but took only a voting interest in politics. 
While he enjoyed but meager educational advant- 
ages he was a thorough reader, his favorite authors 
being Scott an