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Full text of "An account of the Morisonian herbarium in the possession of the University of Oxford, together with biographical and critical sketches of Morison and the two Bobarts and their works and the early history of the Physic garden, 1619-1720"

(Cornell Utttueraitg Siibtara 



BOUGHT WITH THE INCOME OF THE 

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1891 



Cornell University Library 
QK 77.M6V78 
An account of the Morisonian herljarium i 




3 1924 001 707 821 



Cornell University 
Library 



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http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924001707821 




THE DANBY GATEWAY, PHYSIC GARDEN, OXFORD 



AN ACCOUNT OF THE 

MORISONIAN HERBARIUM 

in the possession of the 
University of Oxford 

together with 

Biographical and Critical Sketches of Morison 

and the two Bobarts and their Works 

and the Early History of the 

Physic Garden 

1619-1720 

by 

S. H. VINES, M.A., F.R.S, 

Sherardian Professor of Botany in the University 
and 

G. CLARIDGE DRUCE, Hon. M.A. 

Curator of the Fielding Herbarium 



Oxford 

At the Clarendon Prqss 

1914 

X 



COMPANION VOLUME BY THE SAME AUTHORS 

THE DILLENIAN HEEBAEIA 

An Account of the Dillenian Collections in the 

Herbarium of the University of Oxford, together 

with a biographical sketch of Dillenius, &c. 1907. 

Price 12s. 6d. net. 



OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS 

LONDON EDINBURGH GLASGOW NEW YOKK 
TORONTO MELBOURNE BOMBAY 

HUMPHREY MILFOED M.A. 

PUBLISHER TO THE UNIVERSITY 



CONTENTS 



INTRODUCTION. 

The Physio G-arden : founded by Lord Danby, p. x : foundation stone # 
laid, p. xi : described by Baskerville, p. xiii : by Erndtel and by von' 
Uffenbach, pp. xiv, xv. 

Jacob Bobart the Slder : Tradescant, p. xv : Bobart appointed gardener 
by, and agreement with. Lord Danby, p. xvi : description by Baskerville, 
p. xvii : deajh and epitaph, p. xviii : his topiary work, p. xix : visitors 
to the Garden, p. xx : Catalogus of the Garden, 1648, p. xxi : second edition 
of, 1658, by Stephens and Browne, p. xxi. 

Hobert Morison : foundation of the Professorship of Botany at Oxford, 
p. xxiv : election of Morison, p. xxiv : life of, p. xxv : the Works of, 
p. xxviii : the Praeludia Botanica, p. xxxii : Morison and Ray, p. xxxv : 
Morison's System, p. xxxviii : his Plantarum Umbelliferarum Sistributio Nova, 
p. xxxix ; his Plantarum Histariae Universalis Oxoniinsis Pars Secunda, p. xli : 
the Historiae Naturalis Sciagraphia, p. xliv: Morison and the younger 
Bobart, p. 1. 

Jacob Bobart the Younger : first mention of, in the Catalogus, 1658, 
p. lii : entrusted by Dr. Fell with the completion of the Sistoria, p. Hi: 
not appointed Professor, p. liv : mention of, in RicHardson Correspondence, 
and in Hearne's Remarks and Collections, p. liv : resignation of office, 
and death, p. Iv : epitaph, p.' Iv : his will, his library, and his Sortus 
Siccus, p. Ivi : portrait, p. Ivii : account of, by von TJifenbach, p. Ivii : 
observations on the effect of the great frost in 1683, p. Iviii : lists of 
British plants contributed to Ray's Synopsis, p. Iviii : the Sciagraphia, 
p. lix : the Pars Tertia of the Sistoria, p. lix : criticisms thereon, p. Ixi : 
his MSS. in the Library at the Botanic Garden, Oxford, p. bdi : list of 
British plants discovered by, p. Ixiii : observations on flowers of Lychnis, 
p. Ixiv : Ray's appreciation, p. Ixiv : correspondence of, p. Ixiv. 

The Morisonian Herbarium : general description of, p. Ixvi : con- 
tributors to, p. Ixvi : method adopted in the following account of, p. Ixvii : 
thanks to those botanists who have assisted in the determination of the 
specimens, p. Ixviii. 

a 2 



iv CONTENTS 

PLANTAEUM HISTOEIAE, ETC., 
PARS SECUNDA 

PAGE 
SECTIO I. De BaCCIFEKIS & SOANDENTIBUS . . ... 1 



II. De Legumikibus . 



III. SiLIQUOSAE Tetrapetalae Bicapsulares 
Disiributio Secunda : SiUculosae . 



IV. De Hexapetalis Tricapsulakibxjs 

Distributio Prima : Radicibus tuberosis fusiformibus, &c. 
„ Secunda : ,, „ rotundia 

„ Tertia : „ bulboais proprie dictis 

„ Quarta : ,, squama duplici admodum densa 

Sectionis Quartae Membrum Secundum . 

V. De Hebbis ex Numero Capsularum & Petalorum Deno 

MIITATIONEm SUMENTIBCS 

De Tricapsularibus Lactescentibus . 
,, „ Pentapetalis 

„ Monopetalis Bieapsularibus . 
„ Tetrapetalia Quadricapaularibua . 
„ Pentapetalis Quinquecapsularibus 
,, MoUientibus Pentapetalis seminibua multis rotatim 

cingentibus sfcylum nutritivum 
„ Pentapetalis ut plurimum ad medium bifidia, unicap 

aularibus . 

„ Pentapetalis Unicapsularibus .... 

„ „ capsulia oblongis bifidis . 

,, „ „ minuta semina continentibua 

„ ,, „ transversim sectis 

,, ,, „ pluribua loculamentis 

„ MoUientibus Flore herbaceo, semine triangulari 

,, Pentapetalis semine triangulari .... 

,, MoUientibus floribua herbaceis, &c. . 

,, Pentapetalia apicatia 

,, MoUientibua floribua muacosia, &c. 

„ Pentapetalia aeminum involuoria superius hiapidia, &c, 

„ Plantis Floribua muscoai-s, &c. . 

,, Dipetalis ....... 



16 
26 

31 
81 
32 
33 
37 
38 

42 
42 
44 
45 
48 
48 

50 

52 
56 
57 
57 
57 
58 
58 
60 
61 
62 
63 
64 
64 
64 



CONTENTS V 

PLANTARUM HISTORIAE, ETC., 
PARS TEETIA 

PAGE 

Sectio VI. De Plantis Coeymbifeeis seu Coeymeosis C) 

Flantae Corymbosae ...... 65 

„ Corymbiferae ... 

Distrihutio Secunda : De Eranthemis, &c. . 

,, Tertia : ,, Leucanthemis 

,, VII. De Plantis Stellatis Lactescentibus hon Papposis et 
Papposis ; Papposis hon Lactescentibus 
Ihstribatio : De Lactescentibus non papposis 
,, Secunda : De Lactescentibus papposis . 
Fappescentes non lactescentes 
Lactescentes papposae . 
„ Tertia : Fappescentes non lactescentes 
,, Quarta: ,, ,, Capitatae non spinosae 

Fappescentes, Cardui proprie dictae 
Capitatae Spinosae non Papposae 
Spinosae Capitatae exoticae 

,, VIII. De Culmifeeis setj Calahifebis ... 

Bistributio Secunda : De Calamiferis jubis sparsis, semini 
bus nudis, lus, . 
,, Tertia : De Calamiferis spicatis, granis corti- 

catis, &c. ..... 110 

,, Quarta : De Calamiferis, jubis sparsis, granis 

tunicatis. . . . 110 

Plantae Fungosae enodes & aphyllae . . .114 

Distnbutio Quinla : Graminifoliae enodes .... 116 

Plantae Culmiferis accedentes ... 121 

,, IX. De Umbellifeeis 122 

BistnbuHo Prima : De Plantis umbelliferis piliferis, seu 
substantia fangosa obducta . 
„ Secunda : Semine rotundo seu testiculato . 
,, Tertia: Semine striate majore vel minore : foliis 

Tel foeniculaceis, lobatis, &c. . 
,, Quarta : Seminibus longioribus rostratis 
„ Quinta : Semine villoso seu hispido . 
,, Sexta; „ echinato seu aculeato 



Septima: „ foliaceo, compresso subrotundo 131 



„ Oetava: „ ala foliacea cincto 
„ Nona: ,, alls foliaceis cincto 
Plantae Umbelliferae Improprie Dictae . 

,, Stellatae 

X. Plantae Teiooccae Pueoathices 



76 
80 
80 
8i' 
93 
97 
99 
101 

101 

107 



122 
123 

123 
129 
130 
131 



133 
134 
134 
13.5 

137 



Vi CONTENTS 

PAGB 

Sectio XI. De Monopktalis Tetuaoarpis 141 

Disiriimtto Prima : De Verticillatis Galeatis Spicatis . . 141 
„ Secunda: „ Galeatis, verticilliadensius per inter- 
valla dispositis .... 144 
„ Tertia: ,, Galeatis, vertieillis laxius per inter- 
valla dispositis . . . . 151 
Ploribus singulatimdispositis,tetracarpis 155 
„ Galea carentibus . . 166 
Galeatae Semina post singulos florea 

plurima proferentes . . . 157 

Verticillatae non Galeatae . . . 158 

„ QuaHa : De Monopetalis Tetracarpis Asperifoliis 169 

,, XII. De Plantis Multisiliquis Poltspermis & Mdlticapsu- 

LARIBUS .......... 162 

Zi!sfra«Ko Prima : Plantae Multisiliquae Poly spermae . 162 

,, Suceulentae Bicornes . . 167 

„ Bicornes Polyspermae . . 169 

,, Secunda: „ Multicapsulares Polyspermae . 170 

„ XIII. De PiANTis Bacoiferis 176 

Plantae Bacciferae Polyspermae . . . 176 

,, „ Tripyrenae 179 

„ ,, Polypyrenae ... • 179 

„ ,, Semper virentes 180 

,, „ perennes foliis deciduis . . . 180 

,, Baociferis affines ....... 182 

,, XIV. De Plahtis Capillarieus Epiphtllospermis. . . 182 

Specimens not mentioned in the Hist. . . . 193 

„ XV. De Plantis Heteroomtis sive Ahomalis. . . . 194 
Distributio Prima : Quibus sub uno flore monopetalo, unicum 

vasculum unicumque succedit semen 194 
„ Secunda : Quibus post singulum florem bina locu- 

lamenta semina eontinentia succedunt 196 
„ Terlia : Quibus sub singulo flore terna subsunt 

loculamenta semina servantia . . 197 
„ Quarta: Quarum singulis floribus [qua-]terna 

sunt loculamenta semina sei-vantia . 197 
„ Quinla : Floribus peutapetaloidibus quibus . . 

plurima succedunt semina . . 193 

„ Sexia : De terrestribus incerti generis . . 202 

„ Sepiima: De aquaticis „ „ . . 202 
,, Octava: Alias terrestres inferioris ordinis con- 

tinens 204 

,, Nona : De plantis minus perfectis . . . 2I6 

,, Decimal,, „ submarinis .... 223 



CONTENTS 



VU 



ARBORES ET FRUTICES (MS.). 

Arbores Coniferae et Resiniferae semper virentes 

„ „ foliis deciduia 

, , Glandiferae foliis deciduis 

,, „ semper yirentes . 

,. Nuciferae fructu involuto 

,, „ „ nudo . 

„ Pruniferae foliis deciduis, etc. 

„ „ semper virentes 

„ Pomiferae polypyrenae, fructu florem subsidente 

,, „ floribus fructum subsidentibus 

,, „ „ intra fructum oocvdtatis . 

„ Bacciferae monopyrenae 

,, ,, dipyrenae 

„ „ tripyrenae ... 

„ ,, tetrapyrenae .... 

,, „ polypyrenae, sive pluribus acinis 

,, „ ,, floribus fructui insidentibus 

„ „ incertae sedis 

„ siliquosae sive siliquiferae monophyllae 

,. „ diphyllae .... 

,, „ triphyllae .... 

,, „ tetraphyllae .... 

, , polyphyllae sive foliis lobatls 

, , fructu membranaceo, . . . foliis integris 

,, „ „ foliis alatis . 

„ Lanigerae non Juliferae .... 

„ Juliferae et Lanigerae . 
Frutices Nuciferi 

,, Pruniferi 

,, bacciferi monopyreni, foliis deciduis . 
,, „ semper virentes . 

„ „ dipyreni 

• J ,, tripyreni semper virentes 

„ „ foliis deciduis . 

„ „ tetrapyreni .... 

J J ,, polypyreni, semper virentes . 

,, „ foliis deciduis 

„ ,, incertae sedis . . . • 

„ Leguminosi trifoliati .... 

„ „ foliis alatis .... 

„ fructu binis loculamentis distincto 

Frutex capsulis tetragonis 

Frutices capsulis pentagonis . . • • 



Viii CONTENTS 

PACI! 

Frutices multioapsulares 2° 

„ Lanigeri .... 289 

Suffrutices capreolis scandentes .... ... 290 

„ viticulis scandentes """ 

,, radioulis scandentes ^^^ 

Arbores caudice simpUci non ramoso ■ ""' 

Lignosa incognita aut propriis nominibus carentia .... 299 

Alphabetical List of Specimens not mentioned in Bobart's MS. . 309 

Explanation op Abbrevxatiohs .... . ■ 318 

INDEX 324 



ILLUSTRATIONS 

the Danby Gateway of the Physic Garden, from a print forming the 
frontispiece of Dr. Abel Evans's Poem Vertumnus (1713), showing 
the elder Bobart in the foreground .... Frontispiece 

Portrait of the Earl of Danby, after a print in the Hope Collection . x 

Portrait of the elder Bobart, after the print by Burghers . . . xvii 

Portrait of Morison, from a print after the painting by Sunman xxtIU 

Wrtrait of the younger Bobart, from the painting in the Library of 

the Botanic Garden . . . . . . . . . Ivii 

All the above, except the last, are reproduced from prints in the Hope 
Collection of Engraved Portraits, by the kind permission of the Keeper, 
T. W. Jackson, M.A., Worcester College. 



INTRODUCTION 

The description of the botanical collections of the University 
of Oxford, which was begun with the volume on the herbaria of 
Dillenius published in 1907, is here continued with an account of the 
still more ancient herbarium of Morison, who was the first Professor of 
Botany in the University (1669-83), and of Jacob Bobart the younger. 
It would be altogether incomplete without some notice of the distin- 
guished men who formed it ; or without some reference to the early 
history of the Garden with which the herbarium is intimately 
associated. 

The Physic Garden. 

The first suggestion of the formation of such a garden is the 
following entry in Anthony Wood's History and Antiquities of the 
University of Oxford (ed. Gutch, 1796), vol. ii. Annals, p. 335: 

I Dom. 1620. 

( 18 Jacobi. 

Saville's Benefaction being in a manner setled, motions were made 

for the founding of a Natural Philosophy Lecture, as also a Garden for 

Physical Simples. Which being kindly embraced by the University, care 

was taken for their settlement soon after, as it shall be elsewhere showed. 

Indefinite though this statement is, effective means must have been 
taken to realize the suggestion as regards the Garden, for in the 
following year a founder was forthcoming in the person of Henry 
Lord Danvers, who in his youth had been at Christ Church, and had 
subsequently served with distinction in both the army and the navy. 
Probably the idea commended itself to him because he had seen 
academic Physic Gardens in the course of his travels abroad ; and he 
put it into execution when he was residing at Cornbury Park as 
Ranger of the Royal Forest of Wychwood. He secured a plot of land, 
about five acres in extent, which formed part of what was known in 
early times as ' Paris Meade '. Wood {Siitvey of the Antiquities of the 



X INTRODUCTION 

City of Oxford, composed in 1661-6: ed. Clark, vol. i, p. 291) gives 
the history of it thus : 

When wee are arrived over this bridge wee have the phisick garden on 
the left hand, sometime the cemitery of the Jews of Oxon, as I have in 
S. John's Hospitall shewed. But after their expulsion from this nation 
[1290] it came to S' John Baptist's Hospitall adjoyning, who imployed 
it as a churchyard to bury their dead. But that Hospitall being dissolved 
and turned into Magdalen College, ceased from that use and was imployed 
as a plot of greensoard or meadow ground by a tenant of the College 
there living. 

Though the oldest of its kind in Britain, the Oxford Physic Garden 
is not nearly the oldest in Europe : it was preceded by those of Padua 
(1545), Pisa (1547), Bologna (1567), Leiden (1577), and Montpellier 
(1598). 

It is a singular fact that the true date of the foundation of the 
Oxford Garden has not been given in any of the very numerous books 
which refer, directly or indirectly, to its history. Pulteney, whom 
all subsequent writers have followed, seems to have been the first 
(Progress of Botany, 1790, vol. i, p. 165) to assign it to the year 1632, 
an error due, no doubt, to the inscription upon the great gate of the 
Garden. It is perhaps even more singular that Anthony Wood, who 
tells the story of the foundation of the Garden in his History and 
Antiquities of the University of Oxford (ed. Gutch, 1796, vol. ii, part 2, 
p. 896) should also have made a mistake in the date which he gives 
as 1622; this may possibly be a misprint for 1632, or it may be the 
result of faulty computation of July in the nineteenth year of the 
reign of King James I, which was not 1622 but 1621. Wood's account 
is as follows ; 

Botcmic Lecture. 

The next Lecture that must be mentioned is that of Botanicey : but 
before I speak anything of its institution and settlement, I think it con- 
venient that somewhat should be said of the Physic Garden, because 
'twas primarily founded for a Nursery of Simples, and that a Professor of 
Botanicey should read there, and shew the use and virtue of them to his 
Auditors. 

Henry Lord Danvers therefore, Baron of Dauntsey in the County of 
Wilts and Earl of Danby in Yorkshire, sometime a Gent. Com. of Christ 
Church, being minded to become a Benefactor to the University, thought 
that his money could not be better laid out than to begin and finish 
a place whereby learning, especially the Faculty of Medicine, might be 
improved. At length selecting a place without the East Gate of Oxford, 




Henr>^Danvers Earl of Danbj^ 

F/vm an Original l(\-\ai\J>f^. _ 



THE PEnrSIC GARDEN xi 

near the river Cherwell, which was then meadow ground, and had in 
ancient times been a Cemitery for the Jews of Oxon, gave to the 
University 250Z. to make a purchase of it. Upon the receipt of it they 
bought out the present possessor thereof, Mar. 27, 19 Jac. Dom. 1622 ; 
and not long after the University took a lease of the said ground from 
Magdalen College (for to them it did belong) in their own name, July 28 
following, by paying yearly for it 40s. Afterward much soil being conveyed 
thither for the raising of the ground to prevent the overflowing of the 
waters, the first stone of the fabric was laid on the day of S' James the 
Apostle [July 25] an. 1622, after this manner : — About two of the clock 
in the afternoon, the Vicechancellor with certain Heads, Doctors and 
both the Proctors, went solemnly from S' Mary's Church to that place ; 
where being settled, M'" Edward Dawson, a Physician of Broadgates, spoke 
an elegant Oration ; which being done, D' Clayton, the King's Professor 
of Medicine, spake another. Afterward the Vicechancellor laid the first 
stone with the offering of money thereon, according to the ancient 
custom ; then several Doctors and both the Proctors ; which being done, 
the Vicechancellor concluded with a brief Oration. 

Afterward the said Earl proceeding in building and encompassing it with 
a stately free-stone wall ; which being almost finished, set up in front 
thereof, next to the East Bridge, a comely Gatehouse of polisht stone ; on 
which for the perpetuation of his name, he caused this Inscription to be 
engraven on the out and inside thereof : 

Gloeiae Dei Opt. Maz. 
HoNOBi Caroli Beois 
In Usum Acad. Br Eeipub. 
Hehricus Comes Dakby D.D. Bncxxxn. 

In the year 1633 all the wall being finisht, and soon after the floor 
raised, which cost the Earl 5000i. and more, he caused to be planted 
therein divers simples for the advancement of the Faculty of Medicine. 
All which and several hundred more may now compare with any in the 
kingdom or elsewhere. 

In confirmation of his statements, Wood refers to Reg. N (foil. 105 b, 
106, 122) which is the twenty-third volume of the Acta Convocat. Univ. 
Oxon., and covers the period 1615-1628, preserved in the Archives of 
the University. Verification of the references leads at once to the 
detection of the inaccuracy in the date. The official record states 
(/. 105 b) that the announcement of the gift of 250Z. to the University 
by Lord Danvera and of the purchase therewith of the interest of the 
tenant, one Humfrey Ellis, in the piece of land in question, was made 
by the Vice-Chancellor in a Convocation holden on April 11, 1621 ; 
and that thanks were voted to Lord Danveis for his munificence. It 
is to be noted that the founder is spoken of as ' Lord Danvers ', for it 



Jen INTEODUCTION 

was not until 1626 that he -was created Earl of Danby. The record 
continues (/. 106) with a copy, in English, of the transfer of the lease 
hy Humfrey Ellis to the ' Chauncellor masters and schollers of the 
Universitie of Oxford ', which is dated ' the 27th day of March ... in 
the yeare of the raigne of our Soveraigne Lord James of England 
France and Ireland Kinge defender of the faith &c. the 19th and of 
Scotland the 54th Anno Domini 1621 '. It is further stated (/. 106 6) 
that, in a Convocation holden on April 20 of the same year. Delegates 
were appointed to superintend the work upon the Garden : 

Deinde Procuratores nominabant hos egregios Tiros Delegates ad 
deliberandum de fundo inolescendo pro horto publico, de muris, de area, 
de portis, de forma et figura, de aquaeductu, pretio cum operariis pro 
opere perficiendo aliisque necessariis ad hoc opus spectantibus, videlicet 

Kettle Clayton Briggs Westly 

jj Wilkinson ^ Eawleigh -j^, Wilmott j. Beard 

Chaloner Hawley Chambers Clapton 
Johnson Burton 

una cum vicecancellario et procuratoribus, vel majorem partem horum, 
cum relatione ad honoratissimum horti fundatorem et approbatione 
ejusdem. 

Finally, the minutes of a Convocation holden on August 1, 1621, 
record (/. 122) the reading of the indenture whereby the President 
[William Langton] and Scholars of Magdalen College leased the land 
in question directly to the University for the purposes of a Physic 
Garden (Communis hortiis medicinalis) ; and it is added that, on the 
following day, the document was sealed on behalf of the University. 

A summary of the foregoing records is given by Brian Twyne in his 
Collectanea, vol. 6, p. 286 (in the Archives of the University) under the 
heading A Viewe of the Universitie' s Endowements S; Morimaines, Sjc. 
It is there stated that the deed of assignment of the lease of the land to 
the University by Humfrey Ellis ' beareth date 27 of March Jacobi 
Regis 19, 1621 ' ; and the first direct lease to the University is 
described as 'from ye colledge in their owne names, bearinge date 
28 July Jacobi Regis 19 '- 

There can be no doubt, therefore, that the transfer of the land to 
the University, which was essentially the founding of the Garden, was 
effected in 1621 and not in 1622. But it is possible that Anthony 
Wood may have regarded the laying of the first stone of the wall as 
the real starting-point ; and this event he appears, from the account 
of it already quoted, to have assigned to the year 1622. But this is 



THK PHYSIC GARDEN XUl 

not in accordance with the record of Brian Twyne which gives 
(vol. 21, p. 838) the date of it as July 25, 1621, and briefly describes 
it as follows : 

Uppon S' James his day in ye afternoone about 2 of ye cloke, D' Peirce 
the Vicechanc: of Oxon. with ye 2 proctors and most of ye D" of ye 
University, solemnized ye layinge of ye first stone of ye Phyaioke Garden. 
M.' Dawson a phisitian of Broadgates made a speech, and then D'' Clayton 
another, and last of all ye Vice chancellor. 

The evidence here adduced suffices to establish the fact that the 
Physic Garden of the University of Oxford dates from the year 1621. 
The date 1632 inscribed upon the gateway, commemorates not the 
beginning but the completion of the buildings, which were erected 
according to the designs of Inigo Jones. 

The Garden is mentioned in the laudatory notices prefixed to John 
Parkinson's Theatrum Botanicum (1640) : for instance. Dr. Thos. 
Clayton, then Eegius Professor of Physic, describes it as 

a specious illustrious physicke garden . . . now in levelling and planting, 
with the charges and expenses of thousands by the many wayes Honour- 
able Earl of Danby .... 

The best early description of it, however, is the following given by 
Thomas Baskerville in his Account of Oxford (c. 1670-1700) which 
is contained in the fourth series of Collectanea (p. 187) issued by the 
Oxford Historical Society (1905) :— 

As to y° Phisick Garden & its Karityes of that nature, since it stands 
on ground lately purchased from Magdalen CoUedge, it may now justly 
challenge a remembrance, &, that you may haue a true character of its 
work & beauty take here an account of 't from him y' now keeps it, the 
skilfull and Ingenious Gardener himsolfe, my friend MS Jacob Bobert. 

Amongst y' severall famous structures & curiosities wherewith y' 
flourishing University of Oxford is enriched, that of ye Publick Physick 
Garden deserues not y° last place, being a matter of great use & ornament, 
prouving serviceable not only to all Physitians, Apothecaryes, and those 
who are more imediately concerned in the practise of Physick, but to 
persons of all qualities seruing to help y" diseased and for y" delight & 
pleasure of those of perfect health, containing therein 3000 seuerall sorts 
of plants for y° honor of our nation and Universitie and service of y" 
Comonwealth. This noble thing was y° Benefaction of y" Eight Houom-- 
able Henry, Earle of Danby, who then lined at his house at Cornebuiy, 
who, purchasing a moat convenient plot of ground of 5 acres of Magdalen 
CoUedge land thereto adjoyning, being aptly watered w'" y" Bluer 
Charwell by it gliding, and built thereon a most stately wall of hewen 



XIV INTEODUOTION 

stone 14 foot high with 8 very considerable Gates thereto, one whereof 
was to the cost of at least 500 pounds, weh worthy work was all finished 
in y° yeare 1632. And endowed the same with the Parsonage impropriate 
of Kirkdale in the County of York, to remain for perpetuitie. 

This Garden Plot is not exactly square, for y° walkes East and West 
are about 120 of my paces or strides wch are more than a yard, but North 
& South I trod out but 106 & 112 yards with y" length of y' North Gate 
wch is extended wthout y' square of y" wall. Here is a door-way lately 
broke through the middle of y° South Wall, but the gates spoken of by 
M' Bobert are in the East West & Northerne sides, that in the North 
Wall wch admits entrance from the City being fairest built. . . . 

(p. 191) Anno 1670. Here was built by the Income of the money giuen 
by the ffounder a fair Green-house or Conservatory to preserve tender 
plants & trees from the Injury of hard winter. 

An interesting account of the Garden at a later date, but still in 
the time of the younger Bobart, is given in a tract entitled The 
Relation of a Journey into England and Holland in the years 170S and 
1707. By a Saxon Physician [Christian Heinrich Erndtel] in a Letter 
to his Friend at Dresden. Translated from the Latin. Lond. VIW. 

(p. 49) Beside the Library I frequently visited the Physick Garden, 
where M'' Bobait, who is an Eminent Botanist, and one of great Civility, 
is the Keeper and Professor ; . . . This Garden is famous for scarce Plants 
& Exoticks of all kinds, the choicest of which M'' Bobart shewed me. 
The first was the 

Sorbum Veram, the Sorb or Quicken Tree, which bears the same Flower 
and Leaves with the Sorbus Aucuparia, but the Fruit is different, and more 
like a Pear, being fleshy, and of the Medlar kind. This Tree only grows 
in one woody Place in England, and that is in Worcestershire, from 
whence this Species was propagated. 

Helicmthemum, or Sun Flower, of a Flesh colour and five leaves. 

ScyUam Veram, which has a six leav'd Flower, almost of a lead Colour. 
, Teucrium Boeticum, a sort of Chamaedrys or Germander. 

Arborem Balsami Perumani, which is a Species of the Fir Tree, but excels 
it much in a fragrant sweet smell. This Shnib is already two Cubits 
high, from a seed which M'^ Bobart had transmitted to him seven Tears 
ago from a Colony in the Kingdom of Mexico. [Myroxylon peruiferum, L. f., 
Leguminosae.] 

Cedrus Vera, the true Cedar from Mount Lebanon, with Leaves like 
a Star, produo'd from Seed, as that before. 

Pistacia Vera, the true Pistaoh Tree, with Leaves like a Walnut ; the 
Fruit or Nut is very grateful to the Stomach. 

, Among the rest I wonder'd to see such a vast quantity of Yew in this 
Garden, of which there are whole Figures or Statues, two of which are 
visible at your Entrance into the Garden of Distinct Sexes, the one 



THE PHYSIO GAEDEN XV 

representing a Man which hears a Berry, the other representing a Woman 
which beai-s none. In Conversation M' Bobart miglitily commended the 
famous Bevinus Method of Plants, and M' Sherard, an Englishman and 
an accurate Botanist, whom I saw when he went thro' Lipsick in the 
Year 1698, after he came from Smyrna, where he had been Consul for 
the English Nation. 

A somewhat later account of the Garden was given by Zaoharias 
Conrad von Uffenbach {Merktourdige Eeisen durch Niedersacksen, 
Holland und Engelland, Theil Hi, Ulm, 1754, p. 83 and pp. 161 ff.) who 
visited it in August 1710. He speaks of it as rather wild and over- 
grown, not to be compared with the gardens of Leyden and Amsterdam 
which he had just been seeing. What struck him most, as also 
Erndtel, was the number and luxuriance of the yew-trees, some of 
which he describes as remarkable examples of topiary work, espe- 
cially two which had been cut to represent men, the one bearing a 
club, the other a halberd. The gardener, who was Jacob Bobart the 
younger, seems to have made a greater impression upon von Uffenbach 
than did the Garden itself: his remarks are noticed later in the 
section devoted to an account of Bobart. 

The credit for the topiary work that attracted so much attention 
belongs, however, to the elder Bobart (see p. xix). 

Jacob Bobart the Elder. 

Although the construction of the Garden had been in progress for 
BO many years, it does not seem to have reached the point of requiring 
the care of a gardener until some considerable time after 1632. The 
first mention of such an appointment is made by Twyne {Collectanea, 
vol. 6, p. 287) in such a way as to suggest 1637 as the date. After 
noting the renewal of the lease of the land by Magdalen College to 
the University on April 17, 1637 (a copy of this lease exists in the 
Bursary of the College, Ledger M), he goes on to say : 

But ye renueinge of ye lease with ye conditions inserted, gave his 
Lordship [Lord Danby] good content and encouragement to goe forward 
in ye worke : whereuppon he came to some reasonable good termes of 
agreement with John Tradescant of West ...(?) designed for yegardiner, 
viz. for a yearly stipend of 50K. by ye yeare or thereabouts, and order was 
taken presently for more soyle to be brought into ye place to rayse it 
higher from beinge overflowed in ye wynter, &c. One Sir John Wenman 
was a great dealer with my Lord about this businesse. And not longe 
after, viz. in the yere 1638 about Easter, ye saide John Tradescant 
died, &c. 



XVI INTRODUCTION 

The John Tradescant here mentioned was the elder of the well- 
known collectors of plants and curiosities who bore that name : he 
had been gardener to the first Lord Salisbury, to the Duke of 
Buckingham and others, and had been appointed gardener to 
King Charles I in 1629. There is no evidence, however, that he 
actually entered upon the duties of gardener at the Physic Garden. 
The first holder of that office of whom there is any record was Jacob 
Bobart ; but it is not clear when exactly his tenure began. It seems 
to have been generally assumed that he was appointed in 1632, but 
without definite evidence. For instance, Felton (PoHraits of English 
Authors on Gardening, 1830, p. 108) states vaguely that ' the muni- 
ficence of the Earl of Danby placed Bobart in the physic garden at 
Oxford, in 1632, as supervisor '. The only authentic record of Bobart's 
appointment is an agreement (in the possession of Falconer 
Madan, Esq., now Bodley's Librarian) between Lord Danby and 
Bobart, dated 1641. Whilst it is possible that Bobart may have been 
actually at work before this date, it can hardly have been for more 
than two or three years ; for surely the earl would not have nego- 
tiated with Tradescant in 1637, as previously mentioned, had he 
already appointed Bobart to be gardener. 

The agreement in question is worth giving in full : 

This Indenture made the sixteenth day of Aprill in the seauenteenth 
yeare of the raigne of our Soveraigne Lord Charles by the Grace of God 
Kinge of England Scottland ffrance and Ireland Defender of the Faith &c. 
between the right honble Henrie Earle of Danby ffounder of the publique 
phesicke garden in the Universitie of Oxon of the one parte and Jacob 
Boberte of the Cittie of Oxon Gardner of the other part Witnesseth that 
the sayd Earle of Dauby for the consideration heerunder mentioned 
Hath demised granted and by these presents dothe demise and grant unto 
the said Jacob Boberte the said publick phesicke garden in Oxford 
afforesaid the benefitt to be made of the trees and ffrutes ariseinge and 
growinge out of and for the same To have and to hold the same unto the 
said Jacob Boberte from the daye of the date heerof unto the full end 
and terme of nyntie nyne yeares from thence next followinge and fullie 
to be compleat and ended if the said Jacob Boberte shall soe long live 
And the said Jacob Boberte in consideration of the premises dothe 
covenant promise and agree to and with the said Earl of Danby his 
heyres executors and assignes That he the said Jacob Boberte shall and 
will dureinge the continuance of this present grant doe his faithful! and 
dilligent endeavour to the best of his power and skill to dresse manure 
preserve and keepe the said Garden and from tyme to tyme sett and 
plant the same with such herbes settes trees and plants as shall be 
thought requesit and necessarie to be sett and planted in the same for 




THE ELDER BOBART 



JACOB BOBART THE ELDEB xvii 



oTlZZL^lZ' V' '"'' Unlversitie of Oxon And the said Earl 
1. s hevrL^nd '''*'°" "' '•'^ '"^ P™'"'^*- do'he covenant for him 

f::LT;iar.'l.^3rLtf"„!"i""i ^-r"^-" -<> *-.!« paye unto 



the said Jacob Boberte or his assignee for his Fab^r^^d e:pe„:e^7n:id:;: 
to the weU keep.nge manurmge or planting of the aforesaid Garden the 
sume of ffortie pounds of good and lawful money of England at ffower 
usuall feasts in the yeare That is to say at the Feast of the Anuntiation 
of the blessed Ladie S' Marie the Virgine the Nativitie of S' John the 
Baptists S* Michael the Archangell and S» Thomas the Apostle by even 
and equall portions Provided notwithstanding that if the said Jacob 
Boberte shall not faithfully performe the contracte according to these 
conditions specified it shall be lawful for the Earle of Danby duringe his 
natural life both to revoke this Annuitie and likewise to displace the 
said Jacob Boberte and after his decease it shall be likewise lawfull for 
his heyres to doe the same soe it be then done with the Consent of the 
Vice Chancellor the Doctor of the Chayre in phesicke the deane of Christ 
Church and the presedent of Magdalen Colledge for the tyrae beinge or 
anie three of them the better to oblige the said Jacob Boberte to his 
promise and to performe his dutie in this publieke worke In Witness 
wherof the parties aforesaid have to these presents enterchaingably sett 
their hands and seales the daye and yeare aforesaid 

[Signed] Dauby 
Signed sealed and delivered in the presence of 

Richard Stevens 
Tho. Bennett 
William Barrat. 

Baakerville (Joe. cif., p. 190) gives the following interesting account 
of Bobart : 

Here I may take leave to speake a word or two of old Jacob who now is 
fled from his Earthly Paradise. As to Country he was by birth a German 
bom in Brunswick that great Rum-Brewhouse of Europe. In his younger 
dayes as I remember I haue heard him say he was sometime a Soldier by 
which Imploy and Travail he had opportunitie of Augmenting his Know- 
ledge, for to his native Dutch he added the English Language, and ho 
did understand Latine pretty well. As to fabrick of body he was by 
nature very well built (his son in respect of him but a shrimp) tall 
straite and strong with square shoulders and a head well set upon them. 
In his latter dayes he delighted to weare a long Beard and once against 
Whitsontide had a fancy to tagg it with silver, vfhich drew much 
Company in the Phisick-Garden. But to save you further trouble view 
his shadow in this Picture. 

After his appointment Bobart spent the whole of the remainder of 
his life in the service of the Garden. He died in the Garden-house 

b 



XVIU INTKODUCTION 

(erected in 1662) and was buried in the churchyard of St. Peter-in-the- 
East, Oxford. The south wall of the church still bears his monument 
with the following inscription : 

To the pious Memory of 

Jacob Bobart 

A native German, 

A man of great integrity. 

Chosen hy the Founder to he the Keeper of the 

Physich Garden. 

He died Feb" 4, 1679, in the 8Pt 

Year of his Age. 

As also of Mary his first Wife, who died 

April 17, 1655, and Ann his 

Second wife, who died Nov. 21, 1696. 

Together with four of their children, 

Ann, Cordblli, Joseph & Margaret. 

And also of Elizabeth, 

Daughter of their son 

Tilleman Bobart. 

According to this inscription, Bobart was bom in 1599 ; it is, how- 
ever, probable that the age mentioned is only a guess. Mr. Falconer 
Madan possesses a pedigree of the Bobart family, extending from 
early in the fifteenth century to the end of the seventeenth, drawn up 
by Henry Bobart, Doctor in Physic at Bremen, between 1689 and 1694, 
according to which a certain Jacob Bobart was born in 1596, the son 
of Eler Bobart, burgomaster of Dantzick. Since this is the only 
record of the birth of a person of that name about that time, it may 
be inferred that it relates to the man who became the first gardener 
of the Physic Garden at Oxford. If this be so, then he died in his 
84th and not in his 81st year. 

The death of the Earl of Danhy in January 16^, and the outbreak 
of the Civil War, brought trouble to Bobart. The earl's estate was 
sequestrated to the use of the Commonwealth : but it was eventually 
decided {Journ. Hovse of Commons, vi, 1649) that his brother Sir John 
Danvers, a Parliamentarian and a regicide, 'have the benefit of so 
much of the proper estate of the Earl of Danby, both real and personal, 
as is sequestrable.' Prom a document among the Anthony Wood 
MSS. in the Bodleian Library (F. 31, fol. 252) it appears that Bobart 
was unable to obtain payment of his stipend during these proceedings : 
in fact, the document, which is unsigned and undated, seems to be 



JACOB BOBAKT THE ELDER xix 

a draft petition addressed to the Vice-Chancellor of the University, 
asking for help in the matter. It begins with a summary of the 
original agreement made between the earl and Bobart : it then 
quotes from the earl's will, that he required his ' Heyres Feoffees and 
Executors to settle by legall conveyance to perpetuitie the Parsonage 
of Kirkdale . . . for the maintenance and repaire of buildings about 
the Phisick Garden at Oxon ', Mr. Drake being the executor ; and 
concludes with the following remarks : 

Jacob Bobert has many times petitioned y° Lord of Dauby's Heyre, 
S'' John Danvers, for his annuitye of 40"" which for the last 7 yeares or 
more is wholly unpayed and withheld from him ; and now the will being 
voted by Parliament to continue in force and full power, Jacob Bobert 
doth humbly desire that the Vice Chancellour and y° Delegates would bee 
ameanes to M' Drake that he pay the annuitye and settle it for the future 
and allsoe all the arrears, the University being soe much concerned in 
the business by the Rents that belong to them of a considerable value, as 
well as to the Gardener, besides the Honour in performing so publique 
a Worke. 

Bobart proved to be an excellent gardener and under his care the 
Garden acquired a great reputation. Thus Baskerville {loc. cit., 
p. 187) says of it : 

After ye walls & gates of this famous garden were built, old Jacob 
Bobert, father to this present Jacob, may be said to be y^ man y' first 
gave life & beauty to this famous place, who by his care & industry 
replenished the walls with all manner of good fruits our clime would 
ripen, & bedeck the earth with great variety of trees plants & exotick 
flowers, dayly augmented by the Botanists who bring them hither from 
y» remote Quarters of y' world ; 

and adds, in describing the gates : 

that in the north wall which admits entrance from the City being 
fairest built ; by this old Jacob some years past set two yew trees which 
being formed by his skill are now grown up to be gigantic bulky fellows, 
one holding a Bill, th'other a Club on his shoulder. 

These specimens of topiary work afforded a fertUe theme to the wits 
of the time. Edmund Gayton wrote two ballads about thein, Ujoon 
Mr. Jacob Bobart a Yew-men of the Guard to the Physick Garden, to the 
tune of the Counter Scuffle (Oxon. 1662), and A Ballad on the Gyants in 
the Physick Garden in Oxford, who have been breeding feet as long as 
Gargantua has Teeth (Oxon. 1662). Another poem, entitled Vpon the 
most Hopefull S^ ever-flourishing Sprouts of Valour, the indefatigable 

b 2 



XX INTRODUCTION 

Centrys of the Phyidck- Garden (Oxon. 1664), Wood attributes to John 
Drope, a Fellow of Magdalen College. 

The Garden was visited from time to time by persons of distinction. 
Evelyn records two visits in his Diary : the first on July 12, 1654 
(Memoirs, cSj-c, ed. 1818, vol i, p. 271), of which he says: 

Hence we went to the Physio Garden, where the sensitive plant was 
shew'd us for a great wonder. There grew canes, olive-trees, rhubarb, 
but no extraordinary curiosities besides very good fruit, which the ladys 
tasted. . . . 

the second on October 24, 1664 [Memoirs, vol. i, p. 352) with the brief 
remark : 

Next to Wadham, and the Physic Garden, where were 2 large locust- 
trees, and as many platana [plane-trees], and some rare plants under ye 
culture of old Bobart. 

Samuel Pepys visited the Garden on June 9, 1668. Cosmo de' Medici 
duke of Tuscany, spent some days in Oxford in the month of May 
1669, and Wood {Life and Times, ed. Clark, vol. ii, p. 158) observes 
that he visited the Physick Garden on May 5 : 

Bobard the keeper having presented him with a fine nosegay in the 
morning, & being there come the said Bobard spake a speech in the 
German tongue to him, which he liking and his guarden he gave him 
a reward. 

A somewhat different, and curiously contradictory, account of the 
same visit is given in the Travels of Cosmo III, Grand Duke of 
Tuscany, through England, published in 1821 : it is stated on p. 262 
that the Duke when at Oxford visited 

The Botanical Garden situated near the Gate of the City leading to 
London, which, from the smallness of its site, irregularity, and bad 
cultivation, scarcely deserves to be seen. By the Keeper of the Garden, 
an elderly man of a fine countenance and a perfect botanist, the plants of 
the greatest rarity were shewn to the serene prince, being all noted down 
and described in a printed sheet of paper, which he presented to his 
highness. 

Wood also mentions {Life and Times, vol. ii, p. 164) that in the same year 

Elias Ashmole and A. W. were often in the Physic Garden with Jacob 
Bobart the keeper (an old acquaintance of M' Ashmole) who shewed 
them many choice plants, grafts, herbs, and other curiosities to M'' Ash- 
mole's great content. 



JACOB BOBAET THE ELDER Xxi 

On December 20, 1670, the Prince of Orange visited ' the Physick 
garden, where Bobart the gardiner also received him -with, a Dutch 
complement ' (vol. ii, p. 208). 

The most convincing evidence of the success of Bobart's manage- 
ment of the Garden is, however, to be sought in the catalogue of the 
plants cultivated therein, published in 1648. It enumerates no less 
than 1,600 plants, of which about 600 were British, and many were 
Canadian. The catalogue is anonymous, but it is attributed to Bobart, 
mainly on the authority of Dillenius, who presented a copy to Haller 
(see Haller, Bihl. Bot., 1771, t. i, p. 474). The title-page runs aa follows : 
Catalogiis Plantarum Horti Medici Oxoniensis, so. Latino Anglicus Sj 
Anglico Latinus. Eas Alphabetico ordine accurate Exhibens. Excu- 
debat Henricus Hall Typographus Academiae Oxoniensis. 1648. It is 
followed by a preface, certainly not written by Bobart, though the 
author is unknown, which is worth reproducing as a testimony to 
Bobart's merits. 

An Lectobem. 

En tibi offerlmus, amice Lector, Horti Medici Oxoniensis, stirpium & 
plantarum Catalogum : quern ea de causa publicum fecimus, ut de gumma 
Boberti, horiulani nostri peritissimi diligentia constet ; cujus cura & 
industria, tanta rei Botanicae brevi tempore incrementa acoesserunt. 
Nou est nobis animus totius Horti rationem reddere : de moeniorum & 
portarum structura, de ambulacris, quadris, pulvillis, & aquagiis sermonem 
instituere. Haec aliks transferenda censuimus, cum Hortus uoster, 
Honoratis: Comitis Danbeii sumptibus constructus, & ejusdem muni- 
ficentia dotatus exoptatam ab omnibus perfectionem adeptus sit. Quod 
sub NobUissimi fratris & haeredis sui, Domini Johannis Danvers, Equitis 
Auratl, auspiciis propediem fore considimus. Ut gratias utrisque quas 
possumus summas, pro suis in Academiam meritis referamus : & ne 
diutiiis desit Academiae, quod in usum medicum, bonum totius Begni 
publicum, tantum conferat. Habes interim Mille sex centas stirpes, 
quibus hie locus instructus est ; quarum nomina hoc nostro Catalogo 
alphabetic^ enumerantur : quibus etiam adjectae sunt vernaculae voces 
quibus nostrates eas distinguere solent. Quod in usum Botanices studio- 
sorum factum esse existimes : ut uno intuitu stirpes ipsas, earumque 
nomina complectentes, exterarum peregrinationura curas & molestias tuto 
dimittant. Vale. 

A second edition of this work appeared ten years later, with the 
following title-page : 

Catalogus Horti Botanici Oxoniensis, Alphabetic^ digestus, duas, 
praeterpropter, Plantarum Chiliadas complectens, Priore duplo auctior, 
idemque elimatior; nee non Etymologiis, qua Graecis, quct Latinis, hinc 



Xxil INTRODUCTION 

indepetitis, enucleatior: in quo Nomina Latina pariter &; Graeca Verna- 
culis ; S; in ejus sequiore parte, Vernacula Latinis, praeponuntur. 

Cui accessere Plantae minimiim Sexaginta suis Nominibw insignitae, 
quae nullihi nisi in hoc opuscule memorantur. 

Curd &; operd, socid Philippi Stephani M.D. et Gulielmi Brounei A.M. 
Adhibitis etiam in consilium D. Boherto Patre, Hortulano Academico 
ejusque Filio, utpote rei Herhariae callentissimis. 

Oxonii Typis OuUelmi Hall, An. D. 1658. 

Of the two authors, Dr. Philip Stephens was a man of some note 
under the Commonwealth. Originally of St. Alban's Hall, he was 
admitted Principal of Hart Hall (now Hertford College) in 1653, and 
was appointed one of the Visitors of the University in the following 
year. In 1655, as Anthony Wood narrates : 

A troop of Scholars were forthwith raised and armed and put in 
a posture of defence under the command of Captain Stephens, Doctor of 
Physic and Principal of Hart Hall. 

He ceased to be Principal in 1660, having been appointed a Fellow of 
New College by the Visitors. William Browne, who was a good field- 
botanist and recorded several Oxfordshire species for the first time, 
became Senior Fellow of Magdalen College, and died in 1678 : Wood 
says that he had the chief hand in the preparation of the Catalogue. 
There is a rather long Latin preface, of which a quaint English 
version is prefixed to the second, English-Latin, part of the work. As 
the book is rare, an extract from the latter will not be unwelcome. 

The Pkefaoe to the Phelobotahick Eeader. 

Thou hast here the Catalogue of the plants of the Oxford Physick Garden, 
that true Polyanthea, which hath for many years past been cultivated 
by the great Skill, and indefatigable industry of Jacob Bohert, how expert 
a Gardener he hath shewed himself, posterity perhaps may without envy 
let the world know. In the mean time, this little Book offers itself to 
thee now in the spring, when plants (being freed from their winter 
shackles) look out of their prison doors in their best cloathes, with a 
desire to bid thee wellcome, & to congratulate thy study. 

We chearfully undertook this work being moved by the solicitations of 
students in Physick & lovers of plants (notwithstanding the difficulty 
thereof, and our other occasions, both publik and private) being confident 
it will not be only an ornament but of use also to the true Physitian. 

But if any one be puffed up with a vain perswasion of his own abilities, 
and shall think because he hath the title of Doctor he may be as idle as he 
please, and slight the study of Simples, let him (if he will take so much 



JACOB BOBABT THE ELDER Xxiii 

paines) read the life of Femelius, and the Epistles of Bauhine, Zobell, 
Mathiolus, and Fuchsius that he may know that we have reason to be of 
another mind. 

1. We have pitcht upon Parkinson and Gerrard, out of the respect we 
have to our Country (because the generallity of Englishmen make use of 
them, and there be few that use any other) calling our plants by their 
names, seldome altering so much as a word. 

2. We have added the names of our authors to the names of the 
plants . . . 

Thus as the species of all creatures were gathered together into the 
Arke, comprehended as in an Epitome, so you have the plants of most 
parts of the world, contained in this garden where they are preserved for 
thy inspection, not thy plunder, and faithfully related, by the care and 
endeavour of 

P. S. W. B. 

The names of the plants are accompanied by references to the 
pagination of the authors cited, for the first time in a British botanical 
work. The plants marked as being new are mostly forms or varieties 
rather than species. Among them is ' Tithymalus hibemus tuberosus 
sive Mahimhoy, Irish knotty rooted Sp[urge] ', which is doubtless 
Euphorbia hibema L. : but W. How had previously included in his 
Phytologia Britannica (1650) Tithymalus hibemica, without locality, 
which 18 the same species. ' Anag[alUs] aq[uatica] sive becab[unga] 
flore albo, white flowred Brooklime ', is probably the plant found by 
the younger Bobart on Headington Hill, which is recorded in the 
Appendix to Ray's Synopsis (ed. ii), and is merely a white-flowered 
form of Veronica Beccabunga. Again, ' Cyn[oglossum] flare albido Bauh. 
Pin., whitish Hounds-tongue ; brought from Reading, where it was 
shewed us by Mr. Watlington ', who was an apothecary, a friend of 
Ashmole, and a good botanist, is only a white-flowered form of 
Cynoglossum officinale. This plant and one other ' Potamogeiton 
ferulae folio, fennell leafed pondweed, ad pontem Col. Mag. vel (ut 
conjectamur) est potamogeiton gramineum ramosum P[arkinson] 1255, 
grasse like pond-weed ', which is probably P. pectinattis L. and is here 
first mentioned as occurring in Oxford, are the only ones of which the 
localities are given. 

On the death of Bobart in 1679, he was succeeded as Hortulanus by 
his son, known as Jacob Bobart the younger, of whom an account is 
given on a subsequent page. By his will, dated Nov. 2, 29. Car. II, 
1677, he bequeathed to ' my eldest son Jacob Bobart all my garden 
plants and halfe my Books ', and ' to my son Tilleman the other 
moietie or halfe of my Books '. 



Xxiv INTEODUCTION 

There is an oil-painting of Bobart in the possession of the Linncaii 
Society of London, and another in the possession of the present 
representatives of his family. The portrait here given is from the 
print by Burghers after the drawing by Loggan. 



Robert Mobison. 

The fulfilment of the intention of the Earl of Danby to provide the 
University not only with a Physic Garden and a Gardener, but also 
vfith a Professor of Botany, was unfortunately long delayed for the 
reasons given in the following passage from Anthony Wood's Annals 
(vol. ii, ed. Gutch, pt. ii, p. 897). 

As for the settlement of a Botanic Professor, the Earl, though he had 
settled a Gardener, John Tredesken, Senior, deferred it from time to 
time ; especially for this reason, that the Garden could not be soon 
enough furnished with Simples, and they with a maturity. At length 
Civil distempers brealiing forth, and the Earl dying soon after [Jan. 20, 
1644], nothing wag done save only that by his Will, dated Dec. 14, 1640, 
which was three years before he died, he appointed certain persons to 
settle by legal conveyance to the University the Parsonage or Rectory of 
Kirkdale in Yorkshire for the use of the said Garden. Afterward S;r 
John Danvers, his brother, in pursuance of the will, did settle it on the 
University, to the end that with the revenews thereof the Garden be 
repaired, and a stipend be paid to the Professor and Gardener. [The 
bequest took effect in 1659 (Oxf. Hist. Registery]. But so it was that the 
times being unsettled, and the revenews falling shorter than was 
expected, nothing was done in order to the settling of a Professor till 
an. 1669 : and then a motion being made by the King's Botanic Professor 
for an acceptance of the employment, the University thereupon allowed 
him an annual stipend of 40;., and caused him to read at certain times of 
the year, not according to Statute (for none relating thereunto were 
made) but at such times as he thinks most proper, that is in Spring and 
Autumn. 

The first Professor was Robert Morison of University College, elected 
Dee. 16, 1669, incorporated Doctor of Physio the day following, as he 
before had stood in the University of Angers (in France). He made his 
entrance on this Lecture in the Medicine School Sep. 2, 1670, and the 
fifth of the same month translated himself to the Physic Garden : where 
he read in the middle of it (with a Table before him) on herbs and plants 
thrice a week for five weeks space, not without a considerable Auditory. 
The spring following, in the month of May, he read again ; and so like- 
wise in the autumn following, which course he proposed always to follow, 
but was diverted several years by prosecuting his large design of 



ROBERT MORISON XXV 

publishing the universal knowledge of Simples [Plantarum Hisioria 
Universalis Oxoniensis']. 

There is a brief biography of Morison in Wood's Fasti Oxonienses 
(pt. 2, p. 314, ed. Bliss, 1820) ; but the original source of information 
concerning him is the Vita Roberti Morisoni, which is prefixed to 
Part III of the Historia Universalis Plantarum, published in 1699 
under the editorship of the younger Jacob Bobart. There has been 
some discussion as to the authorship of the Vita ; but there exists in 
the British Museum a manuscript (Sloane MSS. 3198, ff. 17-29), con- 
sisting of preliminary drafts of the Vita, from which it appears certain 
that the author was Dr. Archibald Pitcaime. From these sources the 
following account has been compiled. 

Robert Morison was born at Aberdeen in 1620, the son of John 
Morison and Anna Gray his wife. He entered the University at so 
early an age that he graduated in Latin, Greek, and Philosophy, 
taking the degree of Master of Arts, in 1638 ; and soon afterwards 
was admitted as a teacher of Philosophy. He also studied Mathe- 
matics ; and having laid this broad foundation of general knowledge, 
he turned his attention to Natural History, especially Botany, with 
the idea of going on to the study of Medicine. His parents, however, 
desired him to study Theology ; so in order to meet their wishes he 
learned Hebrew, and with such success that he wrote a grammar of 
that tongue. But his love for Natural History only increased, and at 
length his parents yielded to his inclination. His studies in Aberdeen 
were abruptly terminated by the troublous times which had come 
upon the country. With his fellow-citizens he took part, under 
Montrose, in the battle of the Brig of Dee (September, 1644) against 
the Covenanters under Middleton, and was so severely wounded in the 
head that his life was in danger. 

As soon as he was convalescent Morison fled to France, to resume 
in Paris the study of Zoology, Botany, Anatomy, and other medical 
subjects. He was created Doctor of Medicine at Angers in 1848. He 
now devoted himself almost entirely to the pursuit of Botany, under 
the guidance of Vespasian Robin, Botanist to the King of France. 
About this time Robin was consulted by Gaston Duke of Orleans con- 
cerning the management of the royal garden at Blois, with the result 
that, in 1650, the Duke appointed Morison, on Robin's recommenda- 
tion, to take charge of it, with Abel Brunyer and Nicholas Marchant 
as his colleagues. 

It was during his stay at Blois that he evolved his method of classi- 



XXVI INTRODUCTION 

fication, which he communicated to the Duke of Orleans, who 
expressed his willingness to bear the expense of publishing a history 
of plants based upon it. But to the detriment of Botany, and to the 
great grief of Morison, the Duke died in 1660, before anything had 
been done. It so happened that a short time before his death, in 
February 1660, the Duke had invited his nephew, afterwards 
King Charles II, to visit him at Blois, and had presented Morison to 
His Majesty. The result was that, after the Restoration, the King 
caused Morison to be summoned to England in August 1660. In spite 
of the tempting offers made to him by Fouquet, the French Minister 
of Finance, Morison hastened to London, when he received the title 
of King's Physician and Professor of Botany with a stipend of two 
hundred pounds a year : ' tantus Morisono amor Patriae ' is the 
comment of his biographer. In his intervals of leisure he found time 
to prepare a work, the Praeludia Botanica, published in 1669, which 
was preliminary to the greater Historia that he still contemplated. 
The reputation that it gained for him seems to have been the im- 
mediate cause of his appointment to the Chair of Botany at Oxford. 
Wood tells how that Mr. Obadiah Walker, Senior Fellow of University 
College, recommended Morison to the Dean of Christ Church and 
other leading men of the University, 

to be chosen botanic professor. Whereupon, by the great testimonies 
and recommendations of his worth, he was elected on the 16"" December 
[1669], as I have before told you. 

Morison continued to hold his royal ofBces and the salary attached 
to them, after he had come to Oxford : but the payments eventually 
fell into arrear, as is set forth in the following letter addressed by him 
to Saneroft, Archbishop of Canterbury (Tanner MSS., Bibl. Bodl.xxxvi, 
no. 216). 

Most Reverend Father in God 

May it please your Grace yat whereas my wife having 
presented a petition to his Majesty for my arrears & shee having obteened 
from his Matie upon my saide petition a werie favourable reference too ye 
Lds of the Treasuiie : I most humbly beg your Graces assistance in 
representing both to his Matie & the Lds of ye Counsell who shall be con- 
cerned & the Lds of the Treaaurie, my low and ruinated condition, for 
I not being payed of my salarie these manie yeares, I find myself in great 
debt together with the great charges I have been at in setting out the first 
volume of my generall herball, wliioh hath caused me to spend my oweu 
small estat which I got in ten years service under the lat Duk of Orleans, 
so that if his Matie & ye Lds of ye priue counsell who are concerned & ye 



ROBERT MOKISON XXVU 

Lds of ye Treasurie are not pleased to releue me by the payment of my 
arrears upon the gratious reference of his Matie I shall be ruinated, & 
I am so much in debtyati can not appear in person to beg the favourable 
assistence of my friends and noble patrons, among which your Grace, 
I trust, will apear both at the counsell board & before ye Lds of ye 
Treasurie, before whom this important buissiness lyeth & if not obteened 
I shall be forced after having served his Matie & the publick tuentie one 
years, to dispond & give all ower and goe shift for my wife & familie, & 
my thirtie years Studie all lost, it being impossible for me to goe on & 
finish my works without being payed of my arrears, so relaying upon your 
Graces pourful assist«nee, 

I remain, most Eeverend Father in God, 
Your Graces most humble client & servant 
Oxon. University College, 17 Jan. 168|. E. Morisone 

The letter is endorsed, Dr. Morison £5. 

Morison's chief occupation at Oxford was the preparation of his 
great work, the Historia Plantarum Univetsalis Oxoniensis, which he 
had been requested to undertake by the authorities of the University 
(see Bobart's Preface to the Pars Teiiia) ; but he had also public, as 
well as professional, duties to perform. Thus it is recorded (Wood's 
Fasti, part ii, ed. Bliss, p. 878) that, on September 9, 1680 : 

the electoral prince Charles, count palatine of the Bhine, was with 
solemnity created doctor of physic . . being conducted to the public 
schools by the bishop and others, and thence to the apodyterium, he was 
there habited in scarlet with some of his retinue : thence he was con- 
ducted by the beadles and D' Morison the botanic professor (who at that 
time executed the office of the King's professor of physic then absent) to 
the Theatre where the convocation was solemnized : and coming near 
to the vice-chancellor's seat, the said doctor presented him with a little 
speech. 

Again, in Wood's Life and Times (ed. Clark) vol. iii, are the follow- 
ing entries : 

(p. 17) May 30, 1682, About 8 of the clocke at night came into Oxford, 
Hamet Ben Hamet Ben Haddu Ottur, embassadour from the emperour of 
Morocco . . . ; May 31, W. Thence to the Physick Garden where C Morison 
harangued him ; (p. 49) on May 19, 1683, the Duke of York visited the 
Physick Garden where C Robert Morison, the botanick professor, 
speaking an English speech also, was often out and made them laugh. 
This person, though a master in speaking and writing the Latin tongue, 
yet hath no command of the English, as being much spoyled by his 
Scottish tone. 

The statement made by Wood {Fasti, ii. 314) that Morison waa 



XXVlll INTRODUCTION 

elected a Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians seems to be in- 
accurate, as no confirmation of it can be obtained ; nor does it 
appear that he was ever a Fellow of the Royal Society. 

Morison's life came to an abrupt end on November 10, 1683, whilst 
he was still in full activity. He had gone to London to procure 
suitable paper for the printing of the Pars Tertia of the Historia, when, 
on November 9, as he was crossing the Strand between the end of 
St. Martin's Lane and Northumberland House near Charing Cross (so 
Wood narrates), he was knocked down by the pole of a coach and 
fractured his skull. He was carried to his house in Green Street, 
Leicester Fields, where he died the next day 

to the great reluotaney of all those that were lovers and admirers of his 
faculty. Afterwards he was buried in the church of S' Martin's in the 
Fields within the liberty of Westminster. 

As regards his personal characteristics, Morison is described in the 
concluding paragraph of the Vita as being 

vigorous in body, having a mind trained to every kind of study, of 
ingenuous manners, calling a spade a spade, eager for true knowledge, 
a hater of iilthy lucre, considering the public advantage rather than his 
private gain. 

His biographer, Archibald Pitcairne, apostrophized him thus : 

Quae, Morisone, viro potuit contingere major 
gloria, Paeouium quam svperasse germs ? 

Ipse tibi palmam Phoebus concedtt Apollo, 
laureague est capiti guaelihet herba Tuo. 

There is an oil-painting of Morison in the Library at the Botanic 
Garden, Oxford. The portrait here reproduced is the print which 
forms the frontispiece of the Pars Tertia of the Historia, engraved by 
White after a painting by Sunman. The similarity between the 
print and the painting in the Library is so great as to suggest that 
the latter is either the original by Sunman, or a copy of it. 

The works of Morison are not numerous, but they are none the less 
considerable. The first may be described generally as the Praeludia 
Botanica, a small octavo volume of about 500 pages, consisting of two 
parts, the varied contents of which are as follows : 

Title-page of Part I. 

Horius Regius Blesensis Auetm, cum Notulis durationis S^ Characteris- 
mis Plantarum tarn additarum, quam non scriptarum ; Item Plantarum 




Cfla7'ia,7ie<iTiniiU auatn .snvei-a/jc ^cnuj'.)lZ.nurcaij uc est captti tjna-lihit hcrpti tuo . 



ROBERT MORISON 



EOBEET MOEISON XXIX 

in eodem hotio Regio Blesensi aucto contentarum, nemini Tmcusque 
seriptarum, hrevis iSf succincta delineatio. Quibtis accessere Ohservationei 
Generaliores(Flantarum in eodem Jwrto Regio 'Bleseaii aucto contentarum) 
rei ffei-bariae studiosis valde necessariae, S; cognitu perutiles. 

Pi'aeludiwuni Botanicorum Pars prior. 

Authors Roberto ilorison Medico S^ Professore Botanico, serenissimo 
Carolo seeundo, magnae Briianniae, <SfC. Regi. 

Doctis {in arte) scriho : Indoetos doceho. 

Londini, Typis Tho. Eoycroft, Impensis Jacobi AUestry ad Insigne 
Bosae Coronatae in vico rulgh dicto Ducklane, Anno 1669. 

This part is dedicated to Charles II. 

Title-page of Part II, which begins at p. 351 : 

Hallucinationes Caspari Bauhini in Pinace, Tarn in digerendis, Quam 
denominandis Plantis: Item Animadversiones, in tres Tomos, universalis 
JSistoriae Plantarum ; Johannis Bauhini. Quihiis accessit Dialogus 
inter Socium Collegii Regii Londinensis, Gresham dicti, ^ Botanographum 
Regiiim. 

Praeludiorum Botanicorum pais altera. 

The Hallucinationes is dedicated to Jame3 Duke of York and 
Albany, afterwards James II. The Dialogus is dedicated thus: 
Ad virum insignissimum, Doctissimum &; vitae integeiTimum, Dignissi- 
mumqiie Bom. Johannem Fell, in sacrosanctd Theologid Dociorem, 
Collegii aedis Christi Becanum Sj Universitatis Oxoniensis Procancel- 
larium vigilantissimum S. P. D. Author. 

At the end of the volume is an address to bis colleagues at Blois : 

Viris clarissimis in re Botaniea facile inter primos Magistris : Abeli 
Brunyer Medico & Botanico, Celsitudini E. Eegiae : Nicolao Marchant 
Apothecario, Botanico Celsitud. E. Eegiae : Collegis suis, Horti Begii 
Blesensis coUectoribus & coexaminatoribus dignissimis : Author haec 
scribit. 

Moriaon's second work is his folio treatise on the UmbeUiferae : 

Plantarum Umbelliferarum Distributio nova, per Tabulas Cognationis 
el Affinitatia ex Libra Xaturae obsereata <Sf detecta. 

Authore Roberto Morison Medico &; Professore Botanico Regio, neenon 
inclytae et celeberrimae Universitatis Oxoniensis P. B. ejusdemque Sort. 
Botanici Praefecto prima. 

Doctis {in Arte) scribo; indactas docebo, 
Oxonii, e Theatre Sheldoniano, Anno Domini MDCLXXII. 



XXX INTBODUCTION 

There are two dedications: the first to James Duke of Ormonde, 
Chancellor of the University ; the second, to the Vice-Chancellor, and 
to those Heads of Colleges and Halls, Doctors, and Masters, who had 
contributed to the provision of the twelve plates of figures of plants, 
each of which bears the name and arms of the donor. There are also 
eight plates of diagrams indicating the aiBnities of the plants forming 
the group. 

He describes it, in the preface, as a first instalment of his Historia : 

Prim6 non solum edimus hoc'specimen, trigesimam operis quod Intendi- 
mus constituens partem, sed etiam nonam ordine sectionem, umbellarum 
omnium doctrinam continentem eo fine damus, ut (quemadmodum aiunt 
ex ungue leonem) de caeteris & nobis emittendis, versati in Botanicis 
facilius possint judicare. 

The third of his published works is a volume of his magnum opus, 
the Historia, the title-page of which is as follows : 

Plantarum Historiae Universalis Oxoniensis Pars secunda seu Herba- 
rum Distrihutio Nova, per Tahulas Cognationis <Sf Affinitatis ex Libra 
Naturae observata iSf detecta. 

Auctore Roberto Morison Medico Sf Professore Botanico Begio, necnon 
Inclytae &; Celeberrimae TJniversitatis Oxoniensis P. B. ejusdemque Sort. 
Botan. Praefecto primo. 

Oxonii e Theatro Sheldoniano Anno Domini MDCLXXX. 

Morison did not live to complete his great work ; but he left 
another volume so far written that it could be completed by the 
younger Bobarl. It appeared with the following title and dedication : 

Plantarum Historiae Universalis Oxoniensis Pars tertia seu JBCeiiarum 
Distrihutio Nova, per Tabulas Cognationis <Sf Affinitatis ex Libro Naturae 
observata S; detecta. 

Auctore Roberto Morison Medico cSf Professore Botanico Regio, necnon 
Inclytae <Sf Celeberrimae Universitatis Oxoniensis P. B. ejusdemque Hoii. 
Botan. Praefecto primo. 

Partem hane tertiam, post Auctoris mortem, hortatu Academiae ex- 
plevit iSf absolvit Jacobus Bobartius Horti Praefectus. 

Oxonii e Theatro Sheldoniano Anno Domini MDCXCIX. 
Academiae Oxoniensi quod 
Literarum reipublicae per orbem deciis emineat, 
Christianae fidei grande columen, 
Bonorum omnium communis S; optatissima patria 
Musisque propria iSf gratissima sedes. 



ROBERT MORISON XXXI 

A reprint of Morison's principal works was published, in three 
volumes, in 1715 : the first volume consists of the treatise on the 
Umbelliferae ; the second, of the Pars Secunda of the Historia ; the 
third, of the Pars Tertia. The only alteration is the following addi- 
tion to the title-pages : et prostant Londini apud Paulum iSf Isaacum 
Vaillant, MDCCXV. 

The Historia still remained incomplete, for the first part, relating 
to trees, was never published. There seems to have been an idea that 
it was in existence, for it is thus referred to in the Vita, 'de qiia quid 
factum sit nemo scit, nee sperandum est illam in lucem prodituram ' ; and 
Haller (Bihl. Bot. t. i, p. 544) records a statement by Sohelhammer 
that he had seen the whole work complete at the house of the author 
in 1680. This idea, however, lacks confirmation. 

In the dedication of hisPrae?Mc?»a(of whichhe there speaks to«gMa»i 
praeludia Botanica ad methodum praediciam) Morison records that he 
had formed the intention of writing a great work in illustration of 
his method of classification whilst he was at Blois, that he had 
communicated his method to the Duke of Orleans, and that the Duke 
had undertaken its publication, but the sudden death of the Duke 
had wrecked his hopes ; and he appeals to Charles II for help : Quod 
si anmiere hoc mihi digneris, he says, PoUiceor Britanniam vestram, cum 
methodo exactissima {quae est naturae ipsius) imposterum, in re Botanica 
gloriari posse : guemadmodum, Italia, Gallia, Germania, superiori 
saeculo, sine methodo, in Scientia Botanica, gloriatae sunt. It does not 
appear, however, that he obtained much assistance from the King ; 
for not one of the plates bears the King's name, and, as is shown by 
his letter to Archbishop Bancroft, Morison impoverished himself in 
the preparation of the volume of the Historia that appeared during 
his lifetime. The University, however, came to the rescue. Prom 
the Vice-Chancellor's accounts it appears that the Delegates of the 
Press advanced £200 in 1676-7, £200 in 1678-9, and £200 more in 
1679-80, of which Morison repaid £195. 

The fact that the publication of the Historia should have begun 
with the second volume calls for some explanation. This is given by 
Morison in his preface : 

Cum enim Herbae (uti dictum) notu & distinotu diffioiliores sint, & 
numero longe excedant arbores, frutices, suffruticesque, lignea materia 
constantes ; ideo Herbas numero plures, diffioiliores & confusius apud 
authores traditas aggredimur, ne idem nobis contingat, quod Dale- 
champio & Johanni Bauhino praematura morte ablatis, atque eorum 
operibus in manus male versatorum in Botanicis inoidentibus contigit. 



XXXll INTKODUCTION 

The fate that he dreaded overtook him ; he did not live to finish 
more than nine of the fifteen sections in which he arranged herba- 
ceous plants: but he was fortunate in that his unfinished work did 
not fall into unskilled hands. 

A minor, but still important, work of Moriaon's is the edition of 
Boccone's treatise on Italian and French plants. The MS., with most 
of the plates already engraved, was sent to him, at the author's 
request, by Charles Hatton, the second son of Lord Hatton, who had 
been a pupil of Morison's during his residence in France. It was 
issued, at Mr. Hatton's expense, as a thin quarto volume at Oxford, 
with the title Icones iSf Descripliones Eariorum Plantarum Siciliae, 
Melitae, Galliae, iSy Italiae, quarum unaquaeque propria charaetere 
signata, ah aliis ejusdem classis facile diatinguitur. Auctore Paulo 
Boccone Panormitano Siculo, Serenissimi Magni Hetruriae Duds oUm 
Botanico. E Theatre Sheldoniano MDCLXXIV. It contains 52 small 
plates inserted in the text. 

The chief interest of this book, as far as Morison is concerned, lies 
in the dedication to Mr. Hatton, where he repeats the assertion 
made in the Dialogtis {Prael. Bot. p. 488) as against Dioscorides and 
Ceaalpino, that Ferns, like all other plants, bear flower and seed, 
' pulviscuU instar ', and produce their like thereby. 

The unpublished writings of Morison are not important. In the 
Library at the Botanic Garden, there is a much injured, small Svo 
MS. of about 400 pages, bound in vellum, which seems to have 
been a private memorandum book : it is labelled Morison Catal. 1653 ; 
Nomenclator Stirpium mihi hucusque cognitarum, sexto Kal. Deeenibris 
anni supra millesimi sexcentesimi quinquagesimi tertii coUectarum. It 
is a list of plant-names arranged alphabetically. 

There is, further, a small duodecimo pamphlet in the Sloane 
Collection at the British Museum [Sloane MSS. 3216, ff. 121-132 b] 
containing an incomplete classification of herbaceous plants into 
fourteen Sectiones in accordance with Morison's method, which is 
attributed to him. However, Morison is quoted in it in such a way as 
to suggest that it is the work of some one else rather than his own. 

This completes the list of Morison's works. It remains now to give 
some such account of their contents as may serve for the estimation 
of their importance as contributions to the science of Botany, and of 
the merits of their author. 

The ^ars^nor of the Praeludia Botanica, that is, the Hortus Regius 
Blesensis Auctus, is not a work of much originality. It is merely an 
alphabetical list of the plants cultivated at Blois, based upon previous 



ROBERT MORISON XXXIU 

catalogues issued by his colleague, Abel Brunyer, in 1653 and 1655. 
It may be incidentally mentioned that there is, in the Library at the 
Botanic Garden, a copy of Brunyer's catalogue of 1655 with MS. 
notes by Morison ; these are mostly localities, and all the plants are 
marked with signs indicating whether they are annual or perennial. 
The new edition enumerates about 2,600 plants, of which 360 are 
marked as having been added to the collection by Morison and his 
colleagues in the years 1655-60, and 270 are marked as new and 
hitherto undescribed. Some of these last are only varieties, and some 
were already known ; still, they represent an important contribution 
to the knowledge of plants, and, more particularly, of the Flora of 
Trance. They are all carefully described in an appendix — Brevis &; 
succinta Delineatio. In a second appendix — Observation es Generaliores 
— all the plants of the catalogue are arranged in groups, according to 
their more striking features or properties, as follows : 

Arbores, perpetua fi-onde, virentes : 

Pomiferae ; Coniferae & Resiniferae ; Glandiferae ; Baociferae ; AUae 
variae. 

Resiniferae foliis deciduis. 
Frutices & subfrutices perpetua fronde virentes. 
Herbae perpetua fronde virentes. 
Plantae succum Lacteum fundentea. 
Plantae tuberosae, sive tuberosa radice praeditae, 
Plantae carnosa radice praeditae. 
Arbores Calidae : 

Baceiferae ; Coniferae & Resiniferae, 
Subfrutices Calidi. 
Plantae Calidae : 

Bulbosae ; Siliquosae tetrapetalae ; SiHculoaae tetrapetalae ; Corym- 
biferae ; Verticillatae Galeatae ; Variarum classium. 
Plantae Frigidae : 

Pomiferae scandentes ; Lactescentes Cichoraceae, &c. 
Arbores, frutices, subfrutices, & Plantae purgautes, 
Plantae Venenatae. 
Plantae Vulnerariae. 
Plantae Culinariae, 

This arrangement is worth reproducing here as an illustration of 
the general mode of classification to be found in the leading botanical 
works of the time, such, for instance, as Parkinson's Theatrum Botani- 
cum (1640) ; with, however, some special features in the subdivision 
of the main groups which were the first published expression of Mori- 
son's ideas on classification. 

1271 



XXxiv INTHODUCTION 

It is in the pars altera of the Praeludia Botanica that the real 
interest of Morison's work begins. Of this part, 75 pages are devoted 
to a list of the mistakes {Hallucinationes), chiefly in the association of 
genera, made by Caspar Bauhin in his Pinax (1623) with Morison's 
corrections ; and 30 pages to his Animadversiones on the Historia 
Universalis Plantarum of John Bauhin (1650). No doubt his criticisms 
are, in the main, well founded, but their publication evoked enough 
indignation to prejudice his popularity; for the general sentiment 
was strongly in favour of the two brothers who, whatever errors they 
might have committed, had contributed so much to the organization 
of botanical knowledge. Morison had evidently anticipated some- 
thing of the kind, for he says in his preface : 

Noli quaeso (amice lector) me gloriosum aut insolentem existimare 
scriptorem : quod non solum hujus saecull, sed omnium (quotquot adhuc 
extitSre) Botanicorum Coryphaeos duos, Casparum k Johannem Bauhinum 
Fratres, corrigo. . . . Ipsos, summi judicii, indefessi laboris, & iDcompara- 
bilis doctrinae (in Scientia Botanica) homines fuisse observe : ipsosque 
seu fato, seu naturali propensione, maximum in promovendis studiis 
Botaoicorum habuisse desiderium, paritfer declare. Errasse tamen 
multoties utrumque, nemo (in re Botanic^ mediooriter versatus) inficias 
ibit, hoa nieos tractatulos legendo. Labi nihilominiis humannm esse 
confiteor; homo sum ipse, humani k me nihil alienum puto : in hisce 
meis tractatulis, hallucinatum me esse non dubito. Quapropter halluci- 
nationes meas, ab amico lectore, notari desidero. Quin & paritfer 
observabit lector, me haec concinasse tam ut vote meo praedicto satis- 
fieret, quam ut publicis inservirem commodis. Et quam ego de Fratribus 
Bauhinis Coryphaeis, eandem de me existimationem habeat lector velim. 

This generous tribute to the merit of the Bauhins did not, however, 
suflSce to avert hostile comment ; and Haller's description {Bibl. Bot. 
i, p. 543) of the treatise as invidiosum opus may be accepted as the 
current opinion. Particular objection was taken to the expression 
' Hallucinationes', and an attempt was made in the Vita to overcome 
this: 

Alii vero voeem illam Hallucinationes (Fabio Columnae egregio sane 
viro familiarem) aspernantur, nescii forsan quam latina sit, quamque 
modestiae plena, si modo Marcus Tullius Cicero (qui passim ea utitur) 
aut Josephus Scaliger fidem mereantur. 

It was probably Morison's minute study of the work of the Bauhins 
that led him to frame his own principles of classification. The first 
definite statement of his method is given in the Dialogus which 
concludes the Praeludia. The two personages are the author himself 



EGBERT MOEISON XXXV 

(Botamgraphus Begius) and a Fellow of the Royal Society {Socius). 
In reply to the inquiries of Socius, Botanographus explains that 
though he had waded through many botanical tomes, both large and 
small, he had failed to find in them any trustworthy method of 
classification, and summarily disposes of the various methods men- 
tioned by Socius : that of Dalechamp {Hislot-ia Generalis, 1587), 
classifying plants according to their habitat; that of Parkinson 
{'rheatTTum Botanicum, 1640), classifying them by their properties; 
that of Besler, in the Uortus Eystettensis (1613), classifying them 
according to the season of flowering ; that of Matthiolus, classifying 
them by the shape of their leaves, a method followed in a book recently 
issued by a Fellow of the Royal Society. The book alluded to was, no 
doubt, 'An Essay towards a Real Character and a Philosophical 
Language ' of Dr. John Wilktns, Bishop of Chester, published by the 
Boyal Society in 1668, to which Ray contributed the botanical tables. 
Botanographus goes on to point out that a true classification of plants 
must be based upon a detection of a ' tessera sen symbolum ', which he 
terms the ' nota generica ' ; and illustrates this by reference to the 
Ranunculi, all of which, he explains, whatever their habitat, theiv 
properties, or the forms of their leaves, have as their ' nota generica ' 
a flower of five parts, which is followed by a fructification consisting 
of compressed pointed seeds, or rather fruits. The form of the leaf, 
he says, is of but secondary importance, though useful as distin- 
guishing species. Throughout the dialogue he lays stress upon the 
importance of the seed-character (meaning fruit, for at that time 
there was no clear distinction between fruit and seed) inasmuch as 
seeds are produced by all plants however lowly. 

The allusion in the Dialogus to Ray's Tables of Plants in Dr. Wilkins's 
book marked the beginning of the unfriendly relations that unfortu- 
nately existed between the two naturalists, about which it is necessary 
that something should be said. Ray was forty years of age, only 
eight years younger than Morison, when his Tables of Plants appeared 
in 1668, and had already won a recognized position as a botanist by 
his Catalogus Plantarum circa Cantabrigiam nascentium., published in 
1660, and the Appendix thereto, published in 1663. Without describ- 
ing the method adopted, or discussing its merits, the Tables of Plants 
is of importance as being the first attempt by an Englishman to 
classify plants otherwise than in a purely arbitrary way. Ray bitterly 
resented Morison's slighting remark, and expressed his resentment in 
the preface to his Methodus Plantarum emendata et aucta published five 

c 2 



XXXVl INTRODUCTION 

and thirty years later (1703). Speaking of the publication of hia 
Tables of Plants, he says : 

Hac re graviter offensua D. Eobertus Morlsomis Aberdonensis Scotus M. D. 
veritus fortasse nequid inde famae suae & auctoritati, quam non medio- 
crem inter Botanicos, nee immerito, sibi compararerat, tditis specimi- 
nibus Methodi lUius, quam se non e llbris hauaisse, sed a natura ipsa 
edoctum fuisse gloriabatur, deeederet; meque in messem suam falcem 
immittere ausum aegre ferens, Tabulaa illas, tacito Autoria nomine, 
indignis modis laceravit. 

But this criticism of Morison's was not the only cause of ill-feeling. 
Blair, in his Botanich Essays (1720), records that Dr. Morison often 
said that 

M' Eay studied Plants more in his Closet than in Gardens and Fields 
. . . thia waa the Ground of Contention betwixt them. . . . And it was the 
Tartness of this aevere though true Reflection which created such 
a resentment in M' Eay against D' Moriaon. . . . M' Eay had by this time 
acquired a moderate skill in Botany, and had he applied himself to and 
kept up a Correspondence with D' Morison, who was in such a Station 
as it was no disparagement for him to do so, then they might have com- 
pared their Thoughts, and communicated to each other what they found 
convenient for the Advancement of that Science, by one and the aame 
Method, without endeavouring to multiply Methods, so as to confound 
the Learners : but when instead of that M' Eay would needs set up 
a Method of his ov^n, in Opposition to the other, D"^ Morison or any other 
in his Station, had reason enough to be angry vsrith him for it. . . . So 
that as D' Morison had reason to be angry with M' Eay, it was a great 
Failing in M'' Eay to have such a Eesentment against D' Morison's 
Memory, since 'twas M' Bay who first gave the ground of Offence. 

It is, as Blair suggests, a matter for great regret that these two 
eminent botanists should have been unable to co-operate in promoting 
the progress of their science. He wrote as a strong partisan of 
Morison, and his statement of the case is not convincing. It is 
difBcnlt to understand why the publication of Ray's Tables of Plants 
in 1668 should have been a ' ground of offence ' to Moiison, seeing 
that the latter's general ideas of classification, as stated in the 
Praeludia, did not appear until 1669, and his detailed method, as set 
out in the Historia Universalis, not until 1680, and then only in part. 
Since a charge of plagiarism cannot be maintained, it can only be 
assumed that Morison felt himself to have been forestalled by 
Ray and to have missed the distinction of being the first British 
systematist. 



EOBEET MORISON XXXVU 

The novelty claimed for Morison's method, as set forth in the 
Dialogiis, lies (1) in the grouping of species into genera, and (2) in 
making use of the fruit as affording a good generic character. He 
was not, however, the first to express such ideas. A hundred years 
earlier, Conrad Gesner, in his correspondence had frequently insisted 
upon the importance of the fruit in distinguishing plants. For 
instance, in a letter to a friend, dated November 26, 1565 {Epist. 
Medic. 1577, p. 113), asking for botanical specimens, he requests that 
they may possess flower, fruit, or root : 

unum ex his vel duo, vel omnia ... Ex his enim potius, quam foliis, 
stirpium naturae & eognationes apparent. His notis (a fructu semine & 
flore) Staphisagriam & Consolidani regalem vulgo diotam, Aconito facile 
deprehendi. 

Not long afterwards, Cesalpino published his classical treatise (De 
Plantis, 1583), in which a system of classification was propounded 
based upon the structure of the fruit and seed. Though it would be 
interesting to discuss this the first attempt at a natural method, it 
would take too long to do so. A few quotations must suffice to 
illustrate its principles : 

(pp. 28-29) Lib. 1, Cap. XIIII. Plantarura quaedam nullum omnino 
semen ferunt. . . . Quaedam tandem semen perfectum ferunt . . Cum 
ad organorum constitutionem tria maxime faciant, scilicet, partium 
Humerus, situs, & figura, . . . natura secundum illorum differentias in 
fructibus condendis multis modis lusit, ex quibusvaria plantarum genera 
coDstituta sunt. ... Si quae autem his differentiae accedant, ex foliis, 
caulibus, radicibus, aut aliis partibus, quae ad ii-uctus constitutionem 
non faciunt, . . . idcirco ex illis differentiae, cum iis quae ex fructifica- 
tione sumuntur, usque ad species ultimas genera contrahunt. 

Finally, there is an important passage in the Minus Cognitarum 
Rariorumgue Stirpium Ecphrasis (1616) of Tabio Colonna. The locus 
classicus is on pp. 62-63 of the pars altera. Discussing the systematic 
position of a plant which he calls Leucoium luteum Aizooides montanum 
(= Drdba alpiiia L.), he says : 

Hanc doctissimus Carolus Clusius videtur sub nomine Aizoi XII 
descripisse ob quandam foliorum cum Aizoo similitudinem, quorum 
effigiem in conferendis generibus parvi facimus, tam in hac, quam in aliis 
plantis, non enim ex foliis, sed ex flore, seminisque conceptaculo, Sc ipso 
potius semine, plantarum affinitatem dijudicamus . . . Fraescripsit 
Dominus Deus Optimus Maximus plantis, ut fruetum & semen perficerent 
juxta genus suum, quod praeteriri non potest, & hucusque ab Herbariis 
studiosis non animadversum, nee ab ipso Dioscoride, & antiquioribus. 



XXXviii INTHODTTCTION 

If, then, the principles of Morison's method were neither novel nor 
original, upon what, it may be asked, is his great reputation as a 
systematist based? The answer is briefly this. The method of 
Cesalpino had had no practical effect ; it had not been adopted, and 
had become completely forgotten. Morison resumed the interrupted 
search after a natural system of classification, a search that ha« been 
continued ever since. How great were his achievements in this 
direction is fairly stated in the following extracts from the writings 
of two of his most eminent successors in the same field. In the 
Isagoge to his Institutiones Eei Herhariae {Ed. altera, p. 53, 1700-3) 
Toumefort wrote : 

Legitima igitur constituendorum generum ratio Gesnero & Columnae 
tribui debet, eaque forte in tenebris adhuc jaceret, nisi Eobertus Mori- 
sonus, Scotus Aberdonensis . . . earn quasi ab Herbariis abalienatam 
renovasset, instaurasset, & primus ad usus quotidianos adjunxiaset, qua 
in re summis laudibus excipiendus, longe vero majoribtis si a suis 
abstinuisset. 

Linnaeus gave an appreciation of Morison and his work in the 
Classes Plantarum (1747, p. 33), the essence of which is contained in 
an undated letter addressed by him to Haller (Smith's Correspondence 
of Linnaeus, vol. ii, p. 281, 1821) : 

Caesalpinus appears great to me, inasmuch as he was the father of 
systematic botanists. Morison was vain . . . yet he cannot be sufficiently 
praised for having revived system, which was half expiring. If you look 
over Tournefort's genera, you will readily admit how^ much he owes to 
Morison, full as much as the latter was indebted to Caesalpinus, though 
Toumefort himself was a conscientious investigator. All that is good in 
Morison is taken from Caesalpinus, from whose guidance he wanders in 
pursuit of natural affinities rather than of characters. 

Morison's system was the subject of much contempoiury criticism, 
from Ray among Englishmen, from Nebel (in the notes to his edition, 
1700, of Paul Amman's Character- Plantarum) among foreigners. In 
particular he was reproached with having failed to recognize the value 
of the work of the brothers Bauhin, and to admit his obligations to 
his predecessors Gesner, Cesalpino, and Fabio Colonna. The ground 
for this reproach was his perpetual reference to the hallucinnt tones of 
the Bauhins, and his repeated assertion that his method was the 
product of his own unaided efforts. For instance, he says in the 
Dialogus (p. 464) : 

Methodnm me observasse fateor ; estque omnium, quae unquam adhuc 



KOBEET MORISON XXXlJt 

faerunt exhibitae, praestantissima & certiasima quippe a natura data, a 
me soluiumodo (citra jactantiam) primum obserrata. 

It cannot be denied that there is some justification for this reproach, 
especially as regards the relation of Morison to Cesalpino. That he 
was very familiar with the system of Cesalpino is proved by what is 
apparently Morison's copy of the De Plantis, preserved in the Library 
at the Botanic Garden. Its margins bear many MS. notes which, 
as the language of some of them proves, could hardly have been 
written by any one but himself. Further, as Whewell has pointed out 
(History of the Inductive Sciences, vol. iii, ed. 3. p. 250), Morison's 
preface to his volume of the Historia contains, on the second page, a 
sentence (beginning Cum igitur scientia omnis in similium collectione &; 
dissimilium distinctione consistat . . .) copied word for word from 
Cesalpino's dedication (p. 4) of his De Plantis. It is difficult to con- 
ceive that such close study of Cesalpino's book suggested nothing to 
Morison. He learnt much, no doubt, from the book of Nature, but 
certainly not all that was required for the construction of his system 
of classification. 

However, it is not necessary to pursue here these personal questions ; 
the less so as they are fully discussed, much in Morison's favour, by 
Blair in his essay ' Of the different Methods of disposing Plants ' 
(BotanicJc Essays, 1720). 

The practical working of Morison's method was first demonstrated 
in his Plantarum XJmbelliferarum, Distributio Nova (1672), which is 
interesting as the earliest systematic monograph of a group of plants. 
He did not originate the group, for it is to be found already con- 
stituted in Cesalpino's De Plantis (1583) as ' universum genus Ferula- 
ceum ', and in Bauhin's Pinax (1623) as Umbelliferae ; but he 
reconstituted it by excluding from it, as Umbellae improprie dictae, 
certain genera that had been erroneously included in it, though he 
gives descriptions of them, viz. : Valeriana, Valerianella, Valeriana 
Graeca (= Polemonium caeruleum L.), Pimpinella Sanguisorba (= cer- 
tain species otPoterium), Filipendula (= Spiraea Filipendula L.), Sarba 
Caprae {— Spiraea Aruncus L.), Thalictrum,— thus reducing it to 
something like its present limits. Exactly how he applied his method 
to these plants, and what was his idea of a genus, will be gathered 
from the following outline of his arrangement of them. 

In the Preface, addressed to the Reader, he states very definitely the 
nature of his method : that the generic characters are taken from the 
seed [fruit], the specific characters from the features presented by 



xl' INTRODUCTION 

root, leaf, or stem, or from other properties such as taste, smell, or 
colour: ' Hie est ordo a natura ipsa stirpihiis ah initio datus, a me prima 
jam ohserratns ' ; and adds that his collection contains more than two 
thousand different kinds of 'seeds ', by which he means fruits. In the 
brief introduction, he says, that, in accordance with the form of the 
seed, the Umbelliferae fall into nine classes or subsidiary genera, 
which he then proceeds to describe in detail, thus : 

Genus 1. Umbellae Piliferae : semlne fungosa substantia obducto. 

Cachrys, seu Libanotis cachryfera. 
Genus 2. Umbellae striate semine donatae. 

A. foliis foeniculaceis, 

a, semine stiiato majore donatae : includes, Foeniculum, Cu- 

minum, Meum Atbamanticum : 
i, semine striate minore donatae : incl. Meum spurium, 

Bulbocastanum, Selinum pumilum montanum, Saxifraga 

pannonica, Vianaga seu Gingidium. 

B. lobatae majores ; semine striate maj ere donatae : Levisticum, 
Siler montanum, Siler aquilegiae foliis, Angelica, Imperatoria, 
Astrantia, Smyrnium. 

C. lobatae rainores ; semine striate minore donatae : Sisarum, 
Pimpinella aaxifraga, Sison, Sium (terrestre, aquaticum). 

X>. foliis plurifariam divisis ; semine striate majore donatae : 

Seseli (frutex, herba), Cicuta, Oenanthe, Crithmum. 
,E. foliis plurifariam divisis ; semine striato minore & breviore 

donatae : Ammi, Apium, Carum seu Carui, Anisum, Pyrethrum. 
F. foliis quid peculiare referentibus, semine striate donatae : — 

Perfoliata, Bupleui'um. 
Genus 3. Umbellae semine alls foliaceis eincto denatae. 

Laserpitium. 
Genus 4. Umbellae semine ala feliacea eincto donatae : 

Thapsia. 
Genus 5. Umbellae semine villose seu hispido donatae. 

Pastinaca tenuifolia (Daucus, seu carota). 
Genus 6. Umbellae semine echinato seu aculeate donatae. 

Caucalis. 
Genus 7. Umbellae semine foliaeeo subrotundo. 

(a) foliis foeniculaceis donatae ; Ferula, Panax Asclepium, Ane- 

thum, Peucedanum. 

(b) foliis lobatis donatae ; Sphondylium, Pastinaca latifolia, Tordy- 

lium, Panaces peregrinum Dod. 

(c) foliis multifariam divisis donatae ; Oreoselinum, Libanotis 

nigra Theophrasti (SaxifragiaVenetorum Lob.), Thysselinum 
Ded., Sesseli palustre laotescens C. B. P. 



EGBERT MOEISON xll 

Genus 8. Umbellae rostratae ; Myrrhis. 

G^enus 9. TJmbellae rotundae, seu testiculatae ; Coriandrum. 

This arrangement of umbelliferous plants, and still more the eight 
illustrative diagrams {Tabulae cognationis et affinitatis), betray a 
remarkable sense of the relationships of the plants constituting the 
group : it is probably the first instance in botanical literature of 
anything of the kind. Another novel feature of the book is the 
presentation, on the first of the twelve plates, of a series of figures of 
the fruits of the plants described, summarizing the evidence upon 
■which the arrangement of them was mainly based. It will be 
remarked that Morison's idea of a ' genus ' is obviously very dijQferent 
from that of post-Linnean times : his genera are comparable with 
the sub-orders and tribes, his sub-genera with the genera, of more 
modem systematists. 

A more extended application of his method is to be found in the 
Plantamm Historiae Universalis Oxoniensis pars secunda, the only 
portion of the great work that was published by Morison himself, 
though this covers only five of the fifteen Sectiones in which he 
arranged herbaceous plants. Inasmuch as the full details of it are 
given in the body of this present book, it is only necessary hef e to 
consider it generally. The five Sectiones are the following : 

Sectio Prima. De Bacciferis & Scandentibus. 

This includes the Cucurbitaceae, Clematis, Convolvulus, the Hop. 
Sectio Secunda. De Legumlnlbus. 

This includes the herbaceous Leguminosae : but with the trifoliate 
forms there are associated such plants as Oxalis AcetoseUa, Epimedium, as 
also the Rosaceous genera Fragaria, PotentUla, and Alchemilla. 
Sectio Tertia. De Siliquosis tetrapetalis. 

This includes the Cruciferae, -with species of Chelidonium, Fumaria, 
EpHcbium, Fapaver, Bypecoum, Impatiens, Corchorus, Zygophyllum, LeorUice, 
Capparis, SoldaneUa alpina, Veronica, Polygala. 
Sectio Quaria, 

Distributio Prima, de Plantis hexapetalis tricapsvXaribus. 

This includes the herbaceous Monocotyledons, excepting the Gramineae 
and Cyperaceae. 

Memhrum secundum : consisting of species of Anemone and Ranunculus, 
with Gary ophyllata ( = Geum and Dryas). 

Sectio Quinta. The plants included in this section are so numerous and so 
various that it is not possible to give a complete analysis of it : a brief 
summary will suffice to give some idea of its constitution : 



Xlii INTKODUCTION 

De Tricapsularibus ; 

lactescentibus monopetalis : CampamUa: 
pentapetalis ; Hypericaceae, Viola : 

De Monopetalis bioapsularibus : Solanaoeae ; Scrophulariaceae : 

De Tetrapetalis quadricapsularibus : Buta : 

De Pentapetalis ; 

quinquecapsularibus : Geranium : 

moUientibus : Malvaceae : 

unicapsularibus : Caryophyllaceae ; Primulaceae : 

capsulis oblongis bifidls : Gentianaceae : 

capsulis pluribus loculamentis donatis : Linum : 

spicatis semlne tumido triangulo donatis : Poiarmgeton : 

semine triquetro seu triangulari donatis : Polygonaoeae : 

De MoUientibus ; 

floribus herbaceis : Chenopodiaceae ; Parietaria : 

floribus herbaceis seminum inrolucris hirsutis : Mercurialis. 

From this summary, with a rough approximation to the modem 
equivalents of the plants included in the various sub-divisions, it may- 
be gathered that Morison's system sufficed to group together many 
plants according to their true affinities. The best results were 
attained when the principle of taking the chief character from the 
fruit was rigidly adhered to : but even then mistakes were made, as, 
for instance, the association of Fotamogeton with the Polygonaceae. 
But when Morison departed from this his own principle, and took 
the chief character from other parts, the mistakes were many and 
serious. Thus the association of plants in Sectio I, based upon the 
climbing habit, is altogether unnatural. Again, the association of 
Rosaceous genera with the Leguminosae in Sectio II was the result of 
attaching too much importance to the form of the leaf : similarly, 
the heterogeneous medley of plants in Sectio V was mainly due to his 
taking the chief character, sometimes from the fruit, sometimes from 
the number of the petals, or from the properties {De MoUientibus) of 
the plants. 

Another important departure from his previously expressed view is 
at once apparent on glancing at the pages of the Historia. Morison 
had insisted upon the grouping of plants into genera and sub-genera, 
and in the work on the Umbelliferae he had, as already shown (p. xl), 
conscientiously carried this out. But in this respect the Bistoria 
differs from the specimen : in the former the plants of a Sectio are 
not grouped into Genera, as in the latter, but into Capita, each Caput 
consisting of the description of one or more plants. Usually each 
Caput bears a name, or more than one name, or a descriptive title : 



EOBEKT MOEISON xliil 

in the former case it may be regarded as establishing a genus, but 
not in the latter. The result is an indefiniteness which is inconsistent 
with the statement of his method in the preface : Prima in generibus 
longe patentibus singularum Sectionum notam genericam iSf communem 
unicuique generi superiori assignamus ; Secundo, notas subaltemorum 
generum. 

The result of these vagaries is that the Historia is somewhat dis- 
appointing. Both the book itself and the system embodied in it have 
proved much less effective than they ought to have been had the 
author adhered more rigidly to his own principles. 

The descriptions of plants, including as they do the habitat, time of 
flowering, and properties, with a paragraph on the inevitable Hallu- 
cinations Casp. Bauhini aliorumque Authorum, are so full that there 
is little wonder that Morison could not complete more than a small 
portion of his task in the fourteen years that he devoted to it. 

A few words must be said concerning the illustrations, which are a 
most important feature of the work. As there are 126 plates with 
an average of 12 figures on each, the total number of plants repre- 
sented must be about 1,500. The figures are very clear and good of 
their kind ; but it is a question how many of them are original. 
Pulteney (Progress of Botany, vol. i, p. 310, 1790) says that they were 
chiefly copied from other authors ; and it is certain that some of 
them, at any rate, were taken from the Ecphrasis of Fabio Colonna 
(1616). More than half of the plates do not bear an artist's signa- 
ture ; of the rest, some bear the names of both the artist and the 
engraver, others the name of the engraver only. A good many were 
drawn by Guil. Sonmans and were engraved by Fred. Hend. van Hove, 
Burghers, Guil. Faithome, Hub. Dan. Otteren (Leodensis), Vaughan, 
Rob. White, and Abr. Blootling: a few were drawn by Franc. Barlow 
and engraved by F. H. van Hove, D. Loggan, and Burghers. Of those 
that bear only the name of the engraver, thirteen are signed by 
Burghers, only one by Loggan, Morison had been so successful in 
obtaining the support of a number of distinguished persons, that all 
the plates were provided by them ; each plate bears the name and 
arms of the donor. 

The treatise on the Umbelliferae and the Pars Secunda of the 
Historia are the only documents written by himself that give any 
definite idea of Morison's system of classification ; and these deal 
with but a small part of the Vegetable Kingdom : further informa- 
tion as to the general application of the system is only to be found 
in the work of the younger Bobart. In his volume of the Historia, the 



xliv INTRODUCTION 

Pars Tertia (1699), Bobart gives a Botanologiae Summarium, which is 
an outline of the classification of herbaceous plants in fifteen Sectiones 
or classes according to Morison's plan. But this is still an incomplete 
account of the system, since the trees and shrubs are not included. 
The only complete published statement of it is to be found in an 
anonymous tract of twelve pages, the Historiae Naturalis Sciagraphia, 
Oxon., MDCCXX, which is attributed to Bobart, though it was not 
published until after his death. The substance of it is certainly 
Bobart's work, for the enumeration of the herbaceous plants is an 
exact reprint of the "Botanologiae Summarium jaat mentioned, and the 
arrangement of the trees and shrubs agrees with that in a MS. 
in Bobart's writing which is in the Library of the Botanic Garden, 
and is reproduced on p. 231. As it is a scarce work, the Sciagraphia 
is here reprinted verbatim. The modern equivalents of the plants 
mentioned are given in the body of this book. 

HISTORIAE NATURALIS SCIAGRAPHIA. 

Botanologiae Summarium. 

Planta Nomen est Vegetabili commune. Estque vel Lignosa vel 
Herbacea. Lignosa est vel Arbor, Frutex, Suffrutex. 

I. Abbos, AivSpov, est Plania Lignosa crassitudine & altitudine Inter 
omnes maxima, cui Caudex pro superficie est, perennis & natura simplex, 
qui in multos ramulos majores & deinde ramusculos multiplices finditur, 
ut Quercus. 

II. Frutex, ©dfU'O!, est stirps inter Lignosas altitudine & crassitudine 
medioeris, cui pro superficie stipes perennis, natura multiplex, quique 
facile in Naturam Arborum stolonum abscissione transcendit, ut 
Yihurnwn. 

III. Suffrutex, ^pvyavov, est stirps minimae inter Lignosas & crassitu- 
dinis & altitudinis, caule pereuni, interdum simplici, interdum multiplici 
& sarmentoso, ut Dulcamara. 

I. Arbores. 

Coniferae ; semper virentes : Cedrus, Abies, Pinus, Cupressus, Arbor Vitae. 
foliis deciduis: Larix, Alnus, Tidipifera, Betula, Leucodendros, 
Conophorus, Arbor venenata. 
G-landlferae ; foliis deciduis : Quercus. 

semper virentes : Ilex. 
ITuoiferae; fructu involuto : NuxJuglans, Nucesexot. variae, Castanea, Fagus, 
Avellana, Orleana s. Achiot, Corylus. 
fructu nudo : Lauras, Pistacium, Campkartfera Arbor, Ctnwa- 
momum, Malabathrum. 



ROBERT MORISON xlv 

Fruniferae ; foliis deciduis : Prunus, Armeniaca Mains, Persica Malus, 
Amygdalus, Cortex Peruvianus, Anacardium orient., Manghas 
domest., Prunus Sebesiena, Zisipkus s. Jujuba, Cerasus, Lotus 
Arior, Santalum, Asedarach, 
semper vireutes : Olea, Oleaster, Laurocerasus. 
Pomiferao ; polypyrenae fruotu umbilieato : Malus, Pyrus, Malus Cydonia, 
Anacard. Occident, Cajous., Sorbus sativa. 
floribus fructum subsidentibus : Maius Aurantia, Limonia, 
atria, Punica ; Guaiva, Papaya, Yitelli, Yam, Anana, Oucurbi- 
tifera Apioscqridon, Massinilia, Igasur ; Canoram, Nux vomica. 
floribua intra fructum occultatis : Ficus, Balsamum rupestre, 
Canchramidea. 
Bacciferae ; Monopyrenae : Tereiinthtis, Lentiecus, Malk, Sassafras, OoccuJus 
Indica, Taxus. 
Dipyreuae : Alnus, nigra, Caryophyllus aromaiicus, AngcHam forte 

Rort. Mai. 
Tripyrenae : Juniperus. 

Tetrapyrenae : AgrifoUum, Arbor Amer. guinquenenia. 
Polypyrenae a. pluribus acinis : Morus, Arbutus, Baccifera 

orient., &c. 
Polypyrenae Acre fructui insidente : Sorbus, Mespilus mdg. 
apii folio, Giiajacum Patavinum, Pishamina virginiana. 
Siliquosae : Monophyllae : Arbor Judae, Barbadiens. laurinis foliis, Faginis 
foliis Amer. 
Diphyllae : Arbor DiH Thomae, Ceratia DiphyUos, Unguis Caii. 
Triphyllae : Arbor Coral, Phaseolus marit. purgans, Anagyris. 
Polyphyllae 3. foliis lobatia : Coral Arbor polyphyll., Corallinum 
Lignum, Carobe officinarum, Cassia fistula, Tamarindus, Acacia, 
Gatlegae (tffin. Malabar. 
Fruotu Membranaoeo ; foliis integris : Acer, Carpinus, Triopteris, Arbor 
tristis, Ulmus, Tilia. 
foliis alatis : Fraxinus, Ouajacum Jamaic. 
Iianigerae non Juliferae : Platarvus, Gossipium. 
Juliferae & Lanigerae : Pt/pulus, Salix. 
Palma, sui generis arbor. ,- 

II. Fetjtices. 

Conifer : Aethiopicus foliis Rusci. 
Nuoiferi : Staphylodendron, Styrax, Thea. 
Pruniferi ; Amygdalus Indica nana, Comus Mas. 

Bacciferi : Monopyreni, foliis deciduis : — 

Comus foemirm. Viburnum, Samhums Aquat., Eammi Albi, 
Mezereon, Thymelaea & Cham., Rhus, Myrto Brabant, affin.. 



Xlvi INTEODUCTION 

Cotinus Matth. , Agnus Castus, Cassia Poetica, Arbuscula Zeylan. , 
Calabura, Tsjeriam cottam Hort. Med. 

semper virentes : — 
Phillyrea, Lauras Tinus, Laureola, Frutex Baccif. Canar., Arbusc. 
Baccif. Canar., Arbor Sinens. Candlaefol. 
Dipyreni : Ligusirum, Berberis, Peridymenum erect., Onopliae 

species Bellon., Frutex Baccif er Indicus. 
Tripyi-eni ; semper virentes : Sabina, Alaternus, Buxus, 
Chamaelea tricoccos, Erica Baccijera. 

foliis decidnis : ^Sambucus, Lycium, -PaXiurvs, 
Arbusc. trifol. Kudhumeris. 
Tetrapyreni : Eumymus, Theae species e China, Arbuscula 

Jamaicensis 5-nerv., Ulmi facie Arbusc. Aefhiop. 
Polypyreni ; semper virentes : Myrtus, Pyracaniha, Vitis Idaea, 
Polygala Arborea Myrtifol., Phyllanthos Amer. 

foliis deciduis : Rhamnus Catharticus, Bosa, Grossu- 
laria, Bibes, Chamaemespilus, Alni effig. lanato fol. minor. 
Leguminosi ; Ttifoliati : Genista, Aspalathus, CyUsus, Nil. 

foliis alatis : Colutea, Barba Jovis. 
Binis Iioculamentis distincti : Adhatoda, Syringa arabica. 
Capsulis tetragonis : Syringa Italica, Tetragonocarpus Africana. 

pentagonis : Cistus. 
Multicapsulares : Cistus Ladanifer, Spiraea, ia«s myrtifol. Uonspel., Erica, 

Lewisanus, Frutex Ambram gratis. 
Iianigeri : Salix, Tamariscus, Nerium. 

III. SirFPRuncES. 
Scandentes; Capreolis : Vitis, Clematis Amer, capreolat., Syringa scandens, 
Smilax Aspera. 
Viticulis : Peridymenum, Jasminum, Dulcamara, Arbusc. plicatilis, 

Bubus, Capparis, Clematis. 
Badiculis : Redera. 



Herba, seu Planta herbacea, est, quae folia moUia, primo a radice, deinde 
caules, flores & semina prodit, & annuo interitu supra terram perit. 
Quaedam autein Plantae sunt Perennes, radice vivaci donatae ; aliae 
Annuae, quae toto pereunt, & e semine sato quotannis renovantur. Harum 
differentiae notaeque essentiales a seminibus capsulisque seminalibus 
enunciantur, & ab iis in 15 Classes Sectionesve dividuntur. Quarum 
Primum locum sibi vendicant 

IV. Hebbae. 
1. Scandentes, ob analogiam & conformitatem quam cum Sriffruticibus 
tenent : Ad eundem enlm modum, vel Caulium, vel Capreolorum beneficio 
acandunt. In tres distributiones dividendae veniunt. 



ROBERT MORISON xlvii 

Sunt vel Bacciferae, ut Bryonia, dc. 

Pomiferae, Ciicumis, Melo, Fepo, &c. 
Campanulatae, Convolmdus ejusque species. 

2. Iieguminosae floribus papilionaceis, & siliquis bivalvibus, eaeque 
aunt vel Siliquis Propendentibus ; Pisum, Lathyrus, Vicia, dc, 

„ Erectis ; Faba, Lupinus, Gallega, &c. 
,, Gemellis ; Astragalus, Tragacantha, &c. 
„ Articulatis ; Onohrychis, Scorpioides, &c. 
Trifoliatae : Trifolium, Melilotus, Foenum graecum, Anonis, Lotus, do, 

3. Siliquosae Tetrapetalae Bicapsulares, quibus singula siliqua longa, 
succedens flori tetrapetalo, septam seu membranulam habet mediam, 
daplicem seriem seminum disterminantem. Brassica, Sapum, Sinapi, 
Eruca, Leucoium, &c. 

Hisce adjiciuntur quaedam Tetrapetalae, siliquis bivalvibus, at septo 
medio destitutis donatae. Chelidonium majus, Fumaria, Lysimachia, dc. 

Tetrapetalae Silimlosae sunt, quae brevioribus siliculis curtis, quasi cordi- 
formibus, duplicem tamen seminum sferiem continentibus, praeditae 
sunt: Et axioma pene existimatur, quod omnis Planta tetiapetala est 
siliquosa, vel siliculosa, & omnis siliquosa est tetrapetala. Thlaspi, Nastur- 
tium, Bursa pastoris, Myagrum, Veronica, Polygala, dc. 

4. Trioapsulares Hexapetalae sunt vel faldicibus 

Fusiformibus, Asphodelus, Phalangium. 
Tuberosis, Crocus, Gladiolus, Iris, dc. 
Bulbosis, Narcissus, Myacinthus, Cepa, dc. 
Squamatis, Lilium ejusque species. 

5. Tricapsulares Campanulatae, Campanula, Trachelium, dc. 

Pentapetalae, Hypericum, Atidrosaemum, &c. 
Monopetalae bicapsulares, Digitalis, Serophularia, Verbascum, i&c. 
Tetrapetalae quadricapsulares, Ruta. 
Pentapetalae Quinquecapsulares, Oeranium. 

Emollientes seminibus stylum nutritivum rotatim 
cingentibus, Malva, Alcea, Althaea. 

Unieapsulares, Lychnis, Alsine, CaryophyUus, dc. 

Seminibus triangularibus, Lapatkum, Bhaharbarum, 
Acetosa, dc, 

Semin, nigris splendentibus, Amaranthus, Blitum, dc. 

e. Oorymbiferae seu Corymbosae, quarum flores dense proveniunt in 
summis caulibus, ad instar baccarum Hederae, corymbatim dispositi ; qui 
vel nudi sunt, ut Tanacetum, Balsamita, Absinthium, dc. Vel stellati, i. v. 
petalis radiatim umbonem cingentibus donati ; quorum umbo vel discus 
ex plurimis minutissimis flosculis luteis tubulosis compositus est : quibua 



xlviii INTRODUCTION 

singulis singulum succedit semen solidum, ut plurimum quadrangulare. 
Habita latione florum seu petalorum umbonem cingentium, quadri- 
fariam dividuntur. Sunt vel 

Floribus Aureia, Tanacetum, Abrotonum, Calendula, Chrysanthemum, &c. 

,, Eranthemis sive rubris, Flos Adonis. 

„ Albis, Bellis, Matricaria, Ckamaemelutn, ic. 

„ lauthinis seu caeruleis, Scabiosa, Xeranthemum. 

7. Ploaoulis Stellatis praeditae, sed haec sectio eas continet, 

1°. Quarum ex qualibel parte rupta, succus emanat lacteus, & 
semina producuntur solida, non papposa, & idcirco PUmtae 
Lactescentes non papposae dicuntur. Cichorium, Endivia. 

2°. Lactescentes papposae, quarum semina quoque oblonga, pappo seu 
lanugine summo semini adnascente donata, venti ludibrio 
avolant ; quales sunt, Lactuca, Sonckus, Rieracium, &c. 

3°. JTora Lactescentes Pappescentes, hae autem sunt, Jaeobaea, Conyza, 
Aster, Boronicum, &c. 

4°. Papposas , capitatfis ; Eae vero sunt, Carduus, lacea, Cinara, ic. 
Atque omnes binis hisce Sectionibus jam dictls eontentae, 
floribus donantur eompositis ; quibus post singulos evanidos, 
singulum succedit semen. 

8. Oulmiferae seu Calamiferae ; Cerealia & Gramina Dictae, hae vel 
Qranis sunt nudis seu decorticiitis, Spicatae, Triiicum, Secale, Phalaris, &c. 

Jubis sparsis. Milium, Sorghum. 
,, ,, tunicatis seu corticatis, Spicatae, Hordeum, Zea, &c. 

Jubis sparsis, Oryza, Avena, &c, 
Et notandum est, quod Gramina proximae affinitatis, majoribus statim 
succedunt, quae Cerealia appellantur, & Gramina tantum sunt praestantiora, 
V. g. Gramina turcica, Tritico; Gramina avenacea, Avenae succedunt, & ita 
deinceps. Atque hae omnes post singulos flores dehiscentes, singula 
producunt semina. 

0. TJmbelllferae sunt eae e quarum caulium summitatibus plurimi 
petioli, flores pentapetalos & semina gerentes, ex eodem centre radiatim 
nascuntur. Post quarum singulos flores marcescentes, bina sequuntur 
semina simul juncta ; ob formas varias in novem subalterna genera 
disponuntur. Umbettiferae sunt vel 

1 . Piliferae, quarum semina substantia fungosa obducta sunt. Cachrys, 

&c. 

2. Semine rotundo vel testiculato, Coriandrum. 

3. ,, breviore striate, Foeniculum, Levisticvm, Cicuta, Ac. 

4. ,, longiore striate, & non striate, Myrrhis, CerefoUum, Scandix. 

5. „ villosa seu hispide, Laucus sive Caroia, 

6. ,, eohinato seu aculeate, Caucalis. 



EOBEET MORISON xlix 

7. Semine rotundo eompresso, Ferula, Pastinaca, Oreoselinum, <f c. 

8. ,, ala foliaoea cincto, Thapsia. 

9. „ alis foliaeeiB cincto, Laserpitium, 

Hiace adnectuntur Flantae stellatae, quarum folia ad caulium nodos, per 
intervalla dispositoa, stellatim siye radiatim proveniunt ; quibus etiam 
post singulos flosculos decidentes, bina succedunt semina. 
Sunt Floribus Luteia, ut RuMa. 

„ Albis, ut Aspervla, Aparine, Ac, 

„ Caeruleis, purpureisve, Rubeola, &c. 

10. Triooeoao Fmgatrices. Hae sub unico flore, conceptaculo triquetro, 
terna babent semina. Sunt vel Lactescentes ; TithymcUlus, Hsula, Pityusa, 
Euphorbium : Vel non Lactescentes ; ut Ricinvs ejusque species. Istaeque ut 
plurimum purgatrioes sunt. 

11. Monopetalae Tetracarpae, Oaleatae Yerticillatae, & Odoratae 
vulgo dictae. Harum caules qnadrati, Jlores plurimos, tubulosos, ex 
singulis nodis Terticillatim dispositis, gestant ; in quorum calycis (ut 
plurimum quinquepartiti) fundo quatuor nascuntur semina. 

Ex triplici Verticillorum dispositione, triplex oritur divisio. 
Sunt vel 1. Spicatae, quarum verticilla sibi invicem summitatibus in- 
cumbentia, contigua, spicam coustituunt, Lavendula, Stoechas, 
Prunella, Betonica, Ac 

2. Verticillis densius per interralla dispositis, Pulegium, Marru- 

Wum, Stachys, Horminum, dec. 

3. Verticillis rariua per intervalla dispositis, sive pediculis ad- 

baerentibus donatae. Thymus, Adnos, Melissa, d-c. 

Hisce adjiciuntur Galeatae non Yerticillatae, Verbena, Euphrasia, dc. 
Et Yerticillatae non galeatae, Urtica. 

Et praedictas, natural! ordine, sequuntur Monopetalae tetracarpae asperi- 
foliae, quibus fundo calycis, sub singulo flore tubuloso, quatuor inaident 
semina. Qualea sunt Borago, Buglossum, Echium, Symphytum, ic. 

12. Multisiliquae Folyspennae, & Multicapsulares ; Quibus singulis 
excussis floribus, conceptacula nunc plura nunc pauciora, corniculata, ad 
exortum juncta, & superius divisa, siliquas aemulantia, semina incerto 
numero continentia, succedunt. Hae Sunt Paeonia, Aguilegia, Helleborus, 
Delphinium, Sedum, &c. Vel 2da hujus seriei Distributio Multicapsulares 
continet, quarum semina post singulos flores evanidos, vaaculis communi 
operculo circundatis, & plurimis cellulis membranaceis, intus diviais, 
continentur ; quales sunt Nigetta, Papaver, Nymphaea, Aristolcchia, dc, 

13. Bacciferae, quibus singulis floribus numeroaa etiam succedunt 
semina, arillae, seu acini, baccis sive fructibus humidis inclusa, pulpa 
intermixta, & pellicula communi tecta, absque membranula intus diaper- 
tiuntur. Solanum, Mandragora, Herba Paris, Polygonatum, dc. 

14. Capillarea Spiphyllospermae, sic a radicibus capillorum tenuium 
instar fibrosis, & seminibus in aversa foliorum parte, maculis lineisve 

12Ti d 



1 INTRODUCTION 

adnascentibus, dictae : ob quorum seminum exiguitatem, nudis oculis vix 
conspicuorum, non ut in praecedentibus, distinctiones ab iis extrahi 
possunt, sed a foliorum formis ac dispositionibus oriuntur inter se 
discriminationes. 

1. Sunt foliis integris, ut Phyllitia sen Lingua cervina, Hemionitis, Ac. 

2. Foliis sinuatis, undulatis, non ad costam usque divisis, quae 

aversa foliorum parte rubigine furftiroso toto obducuntur. 
AspUnium eive Ceterach. 

3. Cujus foliorum alae longiores, non ad costam penitus incisae, 

maoulis ruffis in dorso sunt insignitae. Polypodium. 
i. Quarum foliorum alae integrae ad costam mediam usque divisae 

sunt. Lonchitis. 
6. Eae sunt quae pediculo pallido donantur, & alae ipsae ad nervuni 
usque divisae sunt, eaeque non ramosae vel ramosae sunt. 
Filices. 
6. Adiantha nominantur eae, quarum caules, seu potius pediculi 
(caules enim proprie loquendo hae plantae non habent) politiori 
nitore nigricant, foUaque sicca, aqua non madescunt. 
15. Plantae quaedam restant Beteroditae seu, Anomalae, quae a notis 
characteristicis jam explicatis, ad Methodum antedictam reduci non 
queant, eaeque sunt vel Terrestres, vel AqucUicae ; quarum divisiones 
elenchus, alibi exhibendus, fusius explicabit. 

The question naturally arises as to the degree in which the classifi- 
cation of the Sciagraphia actually represents Morison's ideas. 
A.8suming that Bobart was, directly or indirectly, the author of it, 
some estimate may be foi-med by examining his treatment of those 
groups that had already been dealt with by Morison : they are the 
Umbelliferae and Sectiones I-V of the herbaceous plants. With 
regard to the Umbelliferae, although Morison had published his 
monograph of the group, Bobart included it in his Pars Tertia in its 
proper place as Sectio IX. A comparison of Bobart's arrangement of 
the group in the Pars Tertia and that in the Sciagraphia, which is 
almost the same, with Morison's, shows that he followed Morison in 
all essentials, though with some deviations in detail : he excludes 
Valeriana from the Umbelliferae improprie dictae, and follows Ray in 
associating the Plantae Stellatae (Rubiaceae) with the UmbelHferae. 
With regard to the Sectiones I-V, there are several divergences 
between the Sciagraphia and Morison's work : some of these may 
be merely the result of compression, but others are so marked 
that they must have been intentional. For instance, in the Scia- 
graphia, Clematis is moved from Sectio I, where Morison placed it, to 
the Suffrutices: in Secho II, Morison's TrifoUa pentapetala a'cida 



EOBEET MOEISON li 

(Oxalidaceae), Trifolia Pentapetala (Fragaria, Potentilla), and penia- 
phyllis affines {Alchemilla, Epimedimn) are rightly removed from their 
association with the Leguminosae, though they do not appear to have 
been placed anywhere else : similarly, in Sectio III, Morison'a Sili- 
quosae Tetrapetalae bi-muUi-capsulares (Papaver, Argemone, Hypecoon) 
are omitted, Papaver reappearing in Sectio XII ; as also the Siliquosae 
multicapsulares variantes et florihus et capsulis (Balsamina, Cor- 
chorus, Capparis, Chrysogonon, Soldanella), Capparis being placed 
among the Suffrutices : finally, the Sectionis Quartae membrum secundum 
of Morison (Ranunculaceous genera, with Geum) disappears. 

It is clear that-Bobart, both in the Pars Tertia and the Sciagraphia, 
did not hesitate to alter Morison's system ; and it must be admitted 
that such alterations as can be traced are decided improvements. 
These were probably inspired by Ray : of this a comparison of the 
Pars Tertia and of the Sciagraphia with Ray's Meihodus Plantarum 
Nova (1682) affords sufficient evidence. The Sciagraphia must then 
be regarded as Morison's system modified by Ray's influence upon 
Bobart. However, enough of Morison's original framework remains 
to make the classification of the Sciagraphia sufliiciently characteristic 
for the purposes of criticism ; and it was from this that Linnaeus drew 
his estimate, in the Philosophia Botanica (p. 18), of Morison's position 
as a systematist — Morisonus est Fructista cum Physiognomis & Corol- 
listis conspirans : that is to say, the method of Morison is based upon 
the fruit, but the habit of the plant, and the structure of the corolla, 
are also taken into account. 

Morison's system was not destined to meet with general acceptance 
or to achieve permanence. On the Continent it was maintained for 
a time by Paul Amman, Professor at Leipzig (Character Plantarum 
Naturalis, ed. 1685), and was made use of, with some modifications, by 
the ' Fructistae ', such as Christopher Knaut, Professor at Halle, in his 
Enumeratio Plantarum circa Halam Saxonum sponte provenientium, 
1687, and Paul Hermann, Professor at Leyden, in his Florae iMgduno- 
Batavae Flares (ed. Zumbach), 1690. In his own country it was adopted 
by no botanical writer, but was at once superseded by, and to some 
extent absorbed into, that of Ray. With the advantage of a long 
period of productive activity, extending over more than thirty years, 
Ray was able not only to promulgate his system in its entirety, but 
also to revise and remodel it, so that it became the foundation of the 
Natural System propounded by Antoine Laurent de Jussieu in 1789. 
The relation between Morison and Ray is well expressed by Linnaeus 
in the Classes Plantarum, as follows : 

d 2 



lii INTRODUCTION 

Quamprimum Morisonus ariia fundamentum restaurasset, eidem mox suam 
superstruxit methodum Bajus, quam dein toties reparavit, usque dum in ultima 
senectute emendatam <& auctam emitteret. 

But though Morison's labours were not so successful as those of 
Ray, yet his merits must not be overlooked : it must not be forgotten 
that — to quote Linnaeus once more : 

Itte tamen faces extinctas incendit, a quibus ignem mutuati sunt subsequentes, 
quibus datum ad lucidum magis/ocum dbjecia rimare. 

Jacob Bobart the Tounoer. 

There is but little material available for a biography of the younger 
Bobart. He appears to have been bom about 1640, and the first 
mention of him is, on the title-page of the second edition of the 
Catalogus Horti Botanici Oxoniensis, 1658, where it is stated that 
he, as well as his father the elder Bobart, was consulted by the 
authors (see p. xxii). Young as he then was, he seems to have already 
acquired a good knowledge of plants and to have been competent to 
assist his father, whom he suQceeded as Keeper of the Physic Garden 
in 1679. 

Bobart 's name dqes not enjerge again until after Morison's death 
in 1683, when, as it is recorded in the Vita, Dr. Fell, Bishop of 
Oxford and Dean of Christ Church, one of the Delegates of the Press, 
entrusted to him the great collection of seeds upon which Morison's 
system was based, together with fifty engraved plates and as many 
drawn plates of figures, of plants, in order that he might complete the 
Historia which Morison had left unfinished. With the same object, 
Obadiah Walker, Master of University College, also a Delegate of the 
Press, acting on the instructions of the Vice-Chanoellor (jussu 
Principis Orbis Academiae), made over to Bobart what Morison had 
written, and a stipend was granted to him for the work. No one 
could have been more appropriately selected, since Bobart was not 
only a skilled botanist but had been for years closely associated 
with Morison and had, no doubt, been fully instructed by him in his 
system of classification. Dr. Fell did all that he could to promote 
the undertaking, employing draughtsmen and engravers upon the 
plates of figures that had still to be prepared. Unfortunately he had 
not long to live : he died in 1686, and in consequence of his death 
and of the political troubles of the time the progress of the work 
was arrested. However, five years later, when Dr. Aldrich, Dean of 
Christ Church, was Vice-Chancellor, the matter was taken up again, 



JACOB BOBAET THE TOUNGEE llil 

at the instigation more especially of Dr. Timothy Halton, Provost of 
Queen's College and Archdeacon of Oxford ; Dr. Jonathan Edwards, 
Principal of Jesua College ; and Dr. Arthur Charlett, Master of 
University College. Prom this time (1691) onwards, Bobart devoted 
himself continuously to the writing of the Pars Tertia of the Hisioria 
which was eventually published in 1699. 

Bobart seems to have been greatly disheartened by the delay of 
five years mentioned above ! and the conditions under which he 
carried on the Physic Garden seem to have become unsatisfactory. 
In the University Archives there is a volume (W. P a. 60) containing 
letters and papers relating to the Physic Garden at this period, 
notably the correspondence concerning the foundation of the 
Sherardian Professorship, and among them is an undated memorial 
addressed by Bobart ' To the Vice-Chancellor & Delegates & Curators 
of the Universitie, declaring the declining state of the Physic Garden '. 
' It is but a melancholly donsideration ', he says, ' to look back and 
think (and indeed as great a *onder) that this should be the only 
Publick Garden of Europe that hitherto maintain'd itself: and he 
goes on to ask for a grant in aid. 

Dr. William She card (the founder of the Sherardian Professorship) 
wrote about him to Dr. Richardson {Richardson Correspondence, p. 9), 
under date June 6, 1691, as follows : 

I'me glad to hear what you write concerning M' Bobart. I know that 
he is tired of Oxford and would gladly remove : he has been making an 
interest for Watts his place [Superintendent and Demonstrator of the 
garden at Chelsea] at the expiration of his lease (which will be next year), 
but I believe Sam: Doody is secure of it. 

Bobart's position at Oxford is enigmatical. He is commonly 
spoken of as Morison's successor : but this seems to be only partially 
true, for there is no definite evidence that Bobart was ever appointed 
Professor. On the title-page of his Pars Tertia he describes himself 
merely as Horti Praefectus, whereas Morison described himself as 
Professor Botanices and Horti Praefectus Primus. The current (1900) 
Oxford Historical Begister is emphatic on this point (p. 60) — ' But 
that Professor, Dr. Morison, stands alone ; no immediate successor 
was elected by Convocation ' : yet on the same page Bobart's name 
is included, rather inconsistently, in the list of Professors with the 
date 1684. There is an interesting foot-note by the editor (Dawson 
Turner) on p. 34 of the Eichardson Correspondence (1835) which 
shows this statement in the Begister to be of some antiquity : he writes — 



liv INTRODUCTION 

' According to the Oxford Calendar there seems to have been a chasm 
of near 40 years between Morison's death and the appointment of 
Dr. Edwin Sandys in 1720.' There is, however, evidence that Bobart 
was often described by his contemporaries as 'Professor'. For 
instance, a poem entitled Vertumnus, by Dr. Abel Evans, of St. John's 
College, was thus inscribed in 1713: 'An Epistle to Mr. Jacob 
Bobart, Botany Professor to the University of Oxford and Keeper of 
the Physick Garden, by the Author of the Apparition ' : other 
instances will be given in quotations relating to the end of his life. 
Nevertheless, the balance of probability is against his claim to the 
title. It is certain that he was never a member of the University, 
a fact which is in itself decisive. The probable explanation of the 
position is that, on Morison's death, Bobart was promoted from 
Hortulanus to succeed Morison as Horti Praefectus, but not as 
Botanices Professor. 

As Bobart published nothing after the Pars Tertia of the Historia, 
the occupations of the last twenty years of his life can only be 
vaguely gathered from references to him by various writers and from 
the letters and MSS. that he left behind him. An account of these 
documents is given on page Ixv. His last years seem to have been 
passed uneventfully in the cultivation of the Physic Garden, for his 
letters and papers refer almost exclusively to the interchange of 
plants and seeds. 

Gradually the infirmities of old age so grew upon him that he had 
diflBculty in discharging his official duties. On Oct. 7, 1718, Drs. W. 
and J. Sherard, writing to Dr. Richardson {Correspondence, p. 137), 
say of him : 

Left M' Bobart in a low state of health, and fear he will not get over 
the winter ; and his wife is much weaker than him, and may probably 

go off first. 

The prediction concerning Bobart's wife was speedily fulfilled. In 
Heame's Remarks and Collections (Oxf. Hist. Soc), vol. vi, p. 242, is 
the following entry : 

(1718) Oct. 21. This day died old M" Bobart, wife of M' Jacob Bobart, 
Keeper of the Physick Garden, Oxon. 

Though Bobart himself survived the winter of 1718, he was soon 
compelled to resign his office, as recorded by Heame {Collections, vol. 
vii, p. 29) : 

(1719) July 17 (Fri.). On Wednesday last the V. Chancellor [D"- Bob. 
Shippen, Principal of Brasenose College] made D' Sands of Wadham 



JACOB BOBAET THE YOUNGER Iv 

QoUege, an honest Gent., Botanick Professor & Keeper of ye Physiok 
Garden, in room of M' Jacob Bobart, who is incapable by reason of his 
Age and Infirmities, of doing the Duty now, & hath therefore quitted 
the place. 

Dr. W. Sherard comments upon the proceeding as follows in 
a letter to Dr. Richardson {Correspondence, p. 11), dated July 8, 
1719: 

I am surprised the Vice-Chancellor has obliged M' Bobart to resign his 
place, and has chosen D' Sandys of Wadham Botanic Professor : they 
ought to have let him spend the short remainder of his time in the 
Garden. 

As a matter of fact, Bobart was permitted to spend in the Garden 
the few months that intervened between his resignation and his 
death : this is clear from the following entry in Hearne's Collections 
(vol. vii, p. 85) : 

(1719) Dec. 29 (Tu.). This Morning, at 8 Clock, S« Peter's in the East 
Bell rung for M"' Jacob Bobart, lately Keeper of the Physick Garden and 
Botannick Professor at Oxford, who died sometime last Night in the 
House at the Physick Garden, being of a great Age. 

He was buried at the church of St. Peter's-in-the-East, on Thursday, 
Dec. 31. A memorial tablet to him was erected in the north aisle of 
the church, bearing the following inscription : 

H. S. E. 

JACOBUS BOBART 

Horti Medici Oxon. Praefectus 

Patris Facultatum Officii et 

Eruditionis in re Botanica Haeres 

Easdem cum Morisono curas divisit et laudes. 

Ex hoc loco ipse Plantarum Dominus 

Eevirescere sperat 

Et quam ab herbis habere non potuit 

A Jesu Christo rogat immortalitatem. 

Obiit die Dec. 28° 

I Salutis 1719 

^'"^° \ Aetatis 79 

Juxta jacet ANNA Uxor clarisslma 

Quae per 45 annorum spatium floruit 

Conjugalis amoris exemplar. 

Obiit die Oct. 21 

. 1 Salutis 1718 

'*-"''° Aetatis 71 



Ivi INTEODUCTIONf 

The tablet has now disappeared, but it was seen, and the inscription 
copied, by Mr. H. T. Bobart, a descendant, about fifty years ago. 

In the Library at the Botanic Garden there is a will of Bobart's, 
signed, and dated 1701 : also the draft of a second will, dated 1715. 
His actual will is in the Archives of the Chancellor's court ; it is dated 
April 29, 5 Geo. I, 1719, and was proved before the Vice-Chancellor, 
Dr. Robert Shippen, on Jan. 2, 1719/20. It contains the following 
bequest : 

Item I give to the Chancellor Masters & Scholars of the University of 
bxon all my seeds books & dryed plants with the Catalogue of the same 4 
other my books & furniture of my study to be kept togeather in hopes of 
my Successors improvement of the same for the better service of the 
University As also the stock of Plants Potts & other instruments in the 
Garden all which have been by me procured with considerable trouble and 
charge. 

The catalogue of Bobart's library is in the Archives of the Uni- 
versity, and there are two copies of it in the Library at the Botanic 
Garden. It consisted, apparently, of 218 vols., together with thirty- 
eight folio vols, of Hortus Siccus, as well as eight other vols, of dried 
plants, volumina minus accurate digesta. 

That the library was considered important at the time, appears 
from a letter (Sloane MSS., 4040, f. 325) dated 14 March, 1706-7, 
addressed by Dr. Charlett, Master of University College, to Sir Hans 
Sloane, thanking him for his 

noWe benefaction to our three public librarys Bodleian, Aahmolean and 
Bobartlan, if it be lawfuU to give that title to his collection, which by will 
he hath bequeathed to the garden, with an estate of 50f per annum for 
a Salary to a Botanic Professor, at the same time we build him a very 
pleasant house to inhabit in. 

The collection of dried plants is thus alluded to in the poem 
Vertumnus (1713), which has been already mentioned (p. liv) : 

Their Barks, or Roots, their Flowers, or Leaves, 

Thy Hortus Siccus still receives : 

In Tomes twice Ten, that Work immense 1 

By Thee compiled at vast Expence ; 

With utmost Diligence amass'd, 

And shall as many Ages last. 

It is distinguishable into two parts: (1) The Morisonian Herbarium ; 
(2) Bobart's private collection, the HoHus Siccus proper. The former 




THE YOUNGER BOBART 



JACOB BOBAKT IHE YOUNGER Ivii 

is described in a special section on a subsequent page : the latter may 
now be briefly described. 

Bobart's Hortus Siccus consists of about 2,000 specimens, collected 
entirely by himself, mainly of plants cultivated in the Garden. Some 
of them, however, were almost certainly collected in the neighbour- 
hood of Oxford : such are, Banunculus circinatus, R. fluitans, Pota- 
mogeton Friesii, Veronica seutellata, V. Anagallis, V. Beccdbunga, 
Oenanihe fluviatilis (the earliest specimen recorded), Montia vema, 
Carex lepidocarpa, C. fulva, Juncus ariiculatus, J. conglomeratus, J. 
effusus, J. bulbosus, Sagina nodosa, Juncoides multiflorum ; and possibly 
also Geranium pusillum, Spergula sativa, Veronica arvensis, Bromus 
commutatus, Polygala vulgaris, and others. 

The scientific value of the collection is much diminished by the 
absence of any information as to the history or locality of the 
specimens : all that is given is the Latin names and synonyms and 
the English names. Nor is there any definite information as to the 
date of the collection : though in one of Bobart's MSS. there is a 
note — ut 2i die Novembris 1666 me 2052 plantas collectas S^ exsiccatas 
habuisse numeravi. On the other hand the fact that names are some- 
times given which appeared in Morison's Pars secunda of the Historia, 
indicates that these plants or their labels must have been inserted 
subsequently to 1680. 

The indexes suggest that the sheets were at one time bound up 
in twelve volumes of Herbs, and two volumes of Frutices: but the 
volumes were cut up years ago. They are now deposited in sixteen 
cases, and are arranged in accordance with the Sciagraphia. 

In the Library at the Botanic Garden there is an oil-painting 
bearing Bobart's name, which is here reproduced. It is the only 
known portrait of him, if indeed it be a portrait of him, for its 
authentication is merely a comparatively modern label. It certainly 
does not bear out the minute, and far from flattering, word-picture of 
him drawn in von Uffenbach's Merkwurdige Reisen (p. 163) already 
mentioned (p. xv). After commenting upon the forbidding appear- 
ance that Bobart and his wife presented on the occasion of his visit 
in 1710, von Uffenbach goes on to describe him as having 

an unusually pointed and very long nose, small eyes deeply set in his 
head, a wry mouth with scarcely any upper lip, a large and deep scar on 
one cheek, and his whole face and hands as black and coarse as those of 
the meanest gardener or labourer. His clothes, especially his hat, were 
very bad. Such was the appearance of the Professor, whom one might 
well have taken for the gardener since, as a matter of fact, he does nothing 



Ivlii INTEODUCTION 

but continually work in the garden, and, botanically speaking, is abetter 
gardener than herborist. Nevertheless the industry of the man in the 
Garden and in the publication of the work of his predecessor Morison 
(who far excelled him in science) is praiseworthy. 

Apart from the Pars Tertia of the Historia, Bobart published 
very little. A paper in the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal 
Society (vol. xiv, no. 165, Nov. 20, 1684, p. 766), with the following 
title, has been attributed to him : A discourse concerning the effects of 
the great Frost, on Trees and other Plants Anno 1683, drawn from the 
answers to some Queries sent into divers Countries by If Rob. Plot 
S.E.S. and from several Observations made at Oxford, by the skilful 
Botanist M^ Jacob Bobart. It is not clear, however, to what extent 
the paper is the work of Bobart. The chief fact recorded is the 
extraordinary splitting of trees of all kinds — 

some being so rent that a man may see through them, and many times 
the Cracks came with so great noise that as it is related from Needwood 
Forrest, the Keepers there thought that the Deer were shot by the people 
of the country. 

The explanation given is, in the first place, this : 

A great part of the cause is supposed to be imperfection in such a Tree, 
and that generally from the too large sap-vessels and unnatural cavities 
therein ; . . - Many more examples might be easily produced to induce 
us to the thoughts that the sap is not right and genuine in such ill- 
disposed Trees, and that Ice might upon due examination be found in any 
such bursten bodies, as we are informed hath been found and observed by 
some . . . and if Ice, then pressure, and if pressure, then breaking and 
explosion. 

Unlike Morison, Bobart was on excellent terms with Ray, to whose 
Synopsis Methodica Stirpium Britannicarum (1690) he contributed a 
list of British plants, and from whom he received assistance in the 
preparation of the Pars TeHia of the Historia. The list, together 
with other lists of plants contributed by Sherard, Plukenet, Doody, 
and Hans Sloane, forms the Appendix to the Synopsis : it is entitled — 
Plantae rariores a D. Jacobo Boberto, Horti Oxoniensis Praefecto, in 
Anglia ohservatae ; quarum Catalogum ad nos transmisit. Though it 
consists of only thirty-three names, it includes no less than four that 
were new to the British Flora, which are given on a subsequent page. 

This list was not the whole of Bobart's contribution to Ray's 
Synopsis. In the preface, where all those who had helped him are 
enumerated, Ray says : 



JACOB BOBAET THE YOUNGER lix 

£.-JAGobus£obertus, JTorti Medici Oxoniensis Praefectus, qui species eirciter 
quadraginta a se dtsematas, pimltn campnhensas in fMaiago nostra Pkmtarum 
Angliae, communicaxAt. Has, qiiod serius transmissae essent, in Appendice una 
exhibuimus. 

The only other published work which can be attributed to Bobart 
is the small Historiae Naturalis Sciagraphia, which is reprinted in the 
present volume (see p. xliv), anonymously published in 1720 after 
Bobart's death. Though it consists of only twelve pages, it is a 
document of considerable importance in that it gives the only 
complete statement of Morison's system of classification, with some 
modifications introduced by Bobart under the influence of Ray's 
Methodus. As far as herbaceous plants are concerned, the Sciagraphia 
is merely a reprint of the Botanologiae Siimmarium prefixed by 
Bobart to the Pars Tertia of the Historia : its special value is that it 
includes the classification of trees and shrubs in accordance with 
which the unpublished Pars Prima of the Historia should have been 
written. 

It is not necessary to give here more than a brief account of 
Bobart's chief work, the Pars Tertia of the Planlarum Historia 
Universalis Oxoniensis, as it has been already mentioned (p. xxx), and 
is described on subsequent pages. It is devoted to a description of 
the ten sections of herbs (Sectiones VI-XV) which Morison had left 
unfinished. 

The work opens with the Vita Boberti Morisoni M.D., to which 
frequent allusion has been made (see p. xxv), and which is mainly 
a defence of Morison against his critics : as already mentioned, it 
was the work of Dr. Archibald Pitcairne. This is succeeded by a 
Praefatio ad Lectorem candidum, which is not, however, to be found 
in all copies of the book : Hearne makes the following reference to 
it {Remarks and Collections, ed. Doble, vol. ii, p. 200) : 

May 17, 1709. It must be noted that after M' Jacob Bobart had finish'd 
his Volume of the History of Plants, he writ a Preface to it, which he 
shew'd the Delegates of the Press ; but they not approving of it, because 
of the Barbarity of the Latin, advia'd him to get somebody to mend it, & 
some of them pitch'd upon M' (now D'') Hudson ; accordingly the Preface 
was put into M' Hudson's hands, & he drew it up in proper Latin, & 
retura'd it. 'Twas compos'd as M' Hudson worded it, & a very few 
Copies printed oflF, particularly there is one of them before M' Dyer's 
Copy of ye Book at Oriel College ; but Bobart, for reasons best known to 
himself, had a quite different one printed, drawn up partly by himself 
& partly by others, wh°° is prefix'd to all ye Copies except those very few 
before mentioned. 



Ix INTRODUCTION 

Bobart's preface begins with a sketch of the history of Botany, 
from Tyrtamus Leucipiensis, commonly known as Theophrastus 
Eresius (circ. 322 b. c), to Morison, in which all the writers of note 
are enumerated, the object being to show that up to the time of 
Morison there was no rational classification of plants. Bobart goes 
on to tell that Morison's ilnfinished work had been handed over to 
him for completion, adding the definite statement that there was no 
prospect of the publication of the part relating to trees and shrubs. 
He then expresses his' thanks to all who had helped him in perform- 
ing his task ; the names mentioned include those of all the celebrated 
botanists of the time, such as Plukenet, Ray, Hans Sloane, Tancred 
Robinson, Richardson, Lhwyd, Doody, Petiver, Newton, Da Bois, Dale, 
and W. Sherard ; ahd, among foreigners, Hermann of Leyden and 
his successor Hotton, Tournefort of Paris, Rivinus of Leipzig, 
Magnol of Montpelidr, Boccone of Palermo, Breyne of Dantzig, 
Commelin of Amsterdam; and van Rheede and Seyn the editors of 
the great Eortus Maldbaricus. All the plants collected or described 
by these botanists are, he says, reviewed in his book : this could, 
however, be done only in part, on account of imperfect descriptions, 
for the Mexicati plants described by Hernandez, and for the 
Brazilian plants described by Marcgraf, Bontius (Bondt), and Piso. 

The work itself openS' with a Botanologiae Summarium, a tabular 
statement of Morison's method, in which, however, the trees and 
shrubs are dismissed with the remark : De quibus agendum esset prima 
Volumine, non edendo. It is valuable as giving, for the first time, 
a complete account of the Morisonian classification of herbaceous 
plants, containing the characters of the fifteen sections and their sub- 
divisions. 

It is stated in the Vita that Morison left behind him the completed 
MS. of four of his Sectiones (probably VI-IX), as well as some work 
on all of the remaining six, together with fifty engraved plates and 
the same number of plates drawn but not yet engraved. But even 
■with this amount of material to begin upon, the task that Bobart 
undertook was a heavy one, for he had to incorporate the very 
numerous species that had been described in the ten years or so that 
had elapsed since Morison's death. The result of his labours was 
a folio volume of 657 pages, with a copious index, Ulustrated by 166 
plates representing something like 2,000 species. The figures, which 
are particularly good, were for the most part engraved by P. H. van 
Hove, the rest by J. Savage and by Burghers. The cost of the work 
was mainly borne by the University : the Vice-Chancellor's accounts 



JACOB BOBAET THE YOUNGER 1x1 

of 1686-90, and again of 1696-7, contain frequent entries of sums 
paid to the engravers : sixty-eight of the plates were presented by 
persons interested in the work and bear the names and arms of the 
donors, among whom were many Scottish noblemen, moved thereto, 
no doubt, by the fact that Morison was their compatriot, as well as 
several of his personal friends such as Robert Gray and Archibald 
Pitcairne. Pulteney {Progress of Botany, i, p. 310, 1790) says, con- 
cerning them : 

The new figures occur principally in the latter part of this work, and 
are therefore to be attributed to the care of Bobart. The six tables of 
Mosses, Fuci, Corallines, and Corals, at the end, are, except the few 
wooden cuts of Gerard, the first of the kind graved in England, and have 
great merit as the productions of that time. 

These six plates are the work of Burghers. All the copper plates 
(291) of the Historia are preserved in the Eadcliffe Library. 

As a writer, Bobart laboured under the disadvantage of not having 
had an academic education : literary help was, however, readily 
given to him by members of the University. Hearne {Collections, vol. 
i, p. 66) has, for instance, the following entry : 

[1705] Nov. 6 (Tu.). M' Bobart, the Botanist, was greatly assisted in 
the II'' vol. of ye Oxford History of Plants by M' Dale of Queen's College 
who revis'd the whole & put it into proper Latin for him. 

and Wood {Athenae, Fasti, vol. ii, p. 852, 1692) states that 

there is now in the press at Oxford a Vol. in fol. in continuance or pursuit 
of the said last Vol. of D' Morison, written by Jacob Bobart Keeper of the 
Phys. Garden in Oxon, with Annotations thereunto of the Eastern names 
by D'' Thos. Hyde, chief Keeper of the Bodleian Library. 

His labours upon the Historia cannot be said to h^ive been 
appreciated as they deserved. Both Linnaeus {Bihl. Bot., p. 32, 1747) 
and Haller {Bihl. Bot., vol. i, p. 544, 1771), in their accounts of the 
work, barely mention that Bobart had a share in the preparation of 
the Pars Tertia. Pulteney {Progress of Botany, vol. i, p. 812, 1790) 
found nothing better to say of it than that 

the latter part of it proves, too evidently, that it did not receive the 
finishing hand of the original author ; since it appears in a very abridged 
form, compared with what Morison himself had done. 

This criticism is not convincing, though it is hard to meet. It may, 
however, be pointed out that though Bobart's account of ten Sectiones 



Ixii INTRODUCTION 

of herbaceous plants occupies 657 pages, -whereas Morison required 
617 pages to deal -with only five Sectiones, a considerable portion of 
Morison's space is devoted to paragraphs on Locus and Tempus, and 
on the Hallucinationes Caspari Bauhini aliorumque Authorum, whilst 
the whole of Bobart's is devoted to the description of the plants : 
moreover, the bulk of Bobart's volume is printed in smaller type than 
that used in Morison's. 

However, Bobart's published work, of which an account has now 
been given, sufiBces to establish his reputation as a highly skilled 
botanist possessing a wide knowledge of plants ; and this is borne 
out by the MSS. of his which are in the Botanical Library. Though 
they do not include any important work, they show how carefully he 
studied the plants cultivated in the Botanic Garden, as well as those 
growing wild in the Oxford district. The chief of them are the 
following : 

1. a 12™° volume, bound in calf, containing about 100 pages, 
giving a list of garden plants arranged according to the time of their 
flowering, month by month : the number of plants mentioned is 
about 1900. It bears no date, but at the end there is the following 
note — Ut 24° die Novembris 1666 me 2052 plantas cottectas et exaiccatas 
habuisse numeravi — which may refer to the Hortus Siccits (see p. Ivii) : 

2. Catalogtis Plantarum in Horto et circa Oxoniam crescentium ; 
a 12"'° volume, bound in vellum, of about 400 pages, containing an 
alphabetical list of about 2,000 plants. It is not dated, but there is 
a note dated 1666 on the fly-leaf: 

3. a MS. of about 400 pages, now bound into a thick 4'° volume, 
containing (a) a tabular classification of the genera of trees, shrubs, 
and under-shrubs, which is identical with that printed in the 
Sciagraphia: (b) pp. 1-83, an enumeration of the species of trees, 
shrubs, and under-shrubs : (c) pp. 85-406, an enumeration of the 
species of herbs, in the Morisonian Sectiones, with the omission of 
Sectio XII (Multisiliquae Polyspermae iSf Multicapsulares), Sectio XIV 
(Capillares Epiphyllospermae), and Sectio XV (Heteroclitae seu Ano- 
malae). It is difficult to guess what the significance of this MS. may 
be, especially since the species of herbs enumerated in it are not 
altogether the same as those in the two published volumes of the 
Historia. It may possibly consist of Bobart's material for a third 
volume of the Historia, which should make good the deficiencies 
in its two predecessors by giving the lacking account of trees 
and shrubs with a revision of the herbaceous plants. This is. 



JACOB BOBAET THE YOUNGER Ixiii 

however, pure conjecture, as the MS. bears no date nor any indica- 
tion of its purpose. The account of the trees and shrubs is given at 
the end of the present volume. 

There can be no question concerning Bobart's merits as a field- 
botanist. According to Mr. Druce's Floras of Oxfordshire and of 
Berkshire, Bobart added at least ten species to the British Flora, all 
from these districts, and in addition, nearly forty species to these 
local floras. They are the following. 

Additions to the British Flora : 

(a) given in Bay's Synopsis, 1690 : Thlaspi perfoliatum L., teontodon nudi- 

caulis Banks (L. hirtus L.), Agropyron caninum Beauv., Bromus 

erectus Huds. 
(6) in Ray's Synopsis, ed. 2, 1696 : Buhus coryli/olius Sm. var. leucocarpus, 

Brachypodium pinnatum Beauv. 
(c) in Mistoria iii, 1699: Tordylium maximum L. , Omanthe Jluviatilis 

Coleman, Myriophyllum alterniflorum DC, Carex vesicaria L. 

Additions of the flora of either Oxon. or Berks., or of both : 

(a) in Ray's Synopsis, 1690 : Serminium Monorchis Br., Phragmites vulgaris 

Druce, Elymus europaeus L., Bromus ramosiis Huds. 

(b) in Ray's Synopsis, ed. 2, 1696 : Tilia platyphyllos Scop., Pyrda minor h., 

Polygonum lapath\folium L. , Scrophularia nodosa L. var. Bobartii Pryor, 
Ficia angustifolia L. var. Bobartii (Forster). 

(c) in Ray's Synopsis, ed. 3, 1724 : Quercus sessilis Ehrh. 

(d) in the Historia, part 2, 1680 (all from Oxon.) : Sisymbrium Thaliana 

(Gay), Viola hirta L. and Viola palustris L. ; though the two latter 
species had been published by Plot (Nat. Hist. Oicon.) in 1677, 
Morison remarks — utraqu^ ?iaec species detecta fuit a Jacobo Bobert 
decennio abhinc ; Lychnis dicica L., Geranium columbinum L. , Geranium 
lucidum L., Otwnis repens L., Samolus Valerandi L. 

(e) in the Historia, part 3, 1699 (from Oxon. and Berks.) : Heradeum 

Sphondylium L. var. angustifolium Huds., Galium tricome Stokes, 
Senecio integrifolia Clairv. (S. campestris DC), Antennaria dioica 
Gaertn., Nymphoides pdtatum R. & B., Stachys arvensis L., Ophrys 
muscifera Huds., Ruscus aculeatus L., Carex inflata Huds. (C rostrata 
Stokes), Carex Pseudo-cyperus L., Carex Goodenowii Gay, Carex 
distans L., Beschampsia flexuosa Trin., JDryopteris aristata Druce 
(Lastrea dilatata Presl) : the following from Berks, only : Brosera 
longifolia L. (or D. anglica Huds.), Oentiana Pneumonanthe L., Acorus 
Calamiis L., C^Jiolanttwra Bamasonium Druce. 

In the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) there is a collection of British 
plants, chiefly from Oxon., made by Plot and named by Bobart who 



Ixiv INTRODUCTION 

haa marked with a cross those which Plot had mentioned as new in 
hia Nat. Hist. Oxf.: these include XJlmus folio angusto glabra (==U. 
Plotii Druce), Oenanthe fluviatilis, and Potmtilla procumbens. 

Another aspect of Bobart's capacity as an obseryer ia shown in the 
following intereating passage taken from Blair'a Essay upon the 
Generation of Plants (Botanick Essays, 1720, p. 243). 

M"^ Jacob Bobart, Overseer of the Physick Garden at Oxford, about 
thirty eight Years ago, which was before the Doctrine of the different 
Sexes of Plants was well understood, Herborizing in the Country, observ'd 
a Plant of the Lychnis Sylvestris simplex [Lycfmis aiha Mill.], whose Flowers, 
though they had Stamina, yet there was no Apices [anthers] ; and finding 
this not in one, but in all the Flowers upon the same Plant, this made 
him imagine it might be a new Species, and therefore he mark'd the 
Plant, and took care to have it preserv'd till the Seeds were ripe ; and he 
at length procur'd them full hard and firm, and to outward Appearance 
Bemplis des germe (as M' Geoffrey has it). He fail'd not to sow them in 
his Garden next Season in a proper Place, but there was never a Plant 
wich sprung up. I had this Account from the Celebrated D' Sherard, at 
whose desire I have inserted it, and both of them being Persons of such 
Esteem, and so good Credit, I may venture to say it sets the Opinion of the 
different Sexes of Plants upon another Footing than it is receiv'd by most 
of our modern Authors; for this imports that it is not the Nourishment 
of the gross Substance of the Seed it self, which is hereby meant, nor the 
Increase of the Seed-Vessel, which is hereby design'd. ... Its just the 
same with the Seed of a Plant, it may be augmented, and encrease its 
Moles, it may become firm, hard and solid, and have all the Tokens of 
a perfect Ripeness ; the Seed-vessels may be enlarg'd, and the Pulp or 
Parenchyma of the Frait be augmented ; and yet the Particles of the Seed 
may remain crude, undigested, and uncapable to be explicated and dilated , 
or set in a suitable Motion, whereby to protrude the Fibrillae of the Root 
at the one end, and Folia Seminalia at the other, unless it has previously 
receiv'd some extraneous Matter, or some active Particles from the Male 
Parts of the Flower, or from the Male Flower it self. 

It is true that Plot had already published some observations on the 
flower of Lychnis in his 'Natural History of Oxfordshire (1677, p. 150), 
but he does not appear to have grasped the significance of the facts 
so clearly as did Bobart. Moreover, there ia no evidence to prove that 
Bobart's observations were not altogether original. 

No more just estimate of Bobart's worth can be framed than that 
given by Ray in the preface to the second edition (1696) of his 
Synopsis: D. Jacobus Bobart, Horti Medici Oxoniensis praefectus, 
Celebris imprimis Botanicus, nee tamen minoris meriti qud.mfamae. 



JACOB BOBAET THE YOUNGER Ixy 

He is commemorated botanically by the genus Bobartia (Iridaceae), 
founded in his honour by Linnaeus (1747), and by the two varieties, 
Scrophularla nodosa L. var. Bobartii Pryor and Vicia angustifolia L. 
var. Bobartii (Forster), that he discovered in Oxon. and Berks. 

Bobart's extant letters are fairly numerous. Most of them are 
among the Sloane MSS. in the British Museum : the collection 
includes fifteen letters to Sir Hans Sloane (vols. 4036-37-38-40-41- 
43-^4) written 1685-1716: nineteen letters to Petiver (vols. 3321-22, 
4064) written 1700-16: a letter to W. Charlton (vol. 3962) dated 
1690 : a letter to the Duchess of Beaufort (vol. 3343) dated 1694, and 
one to her gardener, J. Adams, dated 1696. Next in importance is 
the series of seven letters in the possession of the Royal Society, 
addressed by Bobart to William Sherard in the years 1703-12, the 
earlier part of the time during which the latter was British Consul 
at Smyrna. Two letters to Dr. Richardson of Bierley are known : 
one, dated 1704, is published in the Richardson Correspondence ; the 
other, dated 1703, is in the possession of the present representatives 
of the Bobart family. Finally, in the Botanical Department of the 
British Museum (Natural History) there is a letter to Buddie (see 
Joum. Bot. xii. 1874) relating to Mosses, dated 1707. The letters are 
not of sufficient scientific or historical interest to merit reproduction : 
the most interesting is an undated letter to Petiver (Sloane MSS. vol. 
3321, fol. 149) which contains some criticisms upon Scheuchzer's 
Agrostographia published in 1708. 

There are, further, a number of MS. lists of seeds and plants, 
mostly sent or received by Bobart, several of which are not in his 
handwriting. In the Library at the Botanic Garden are two lists of 
plants at Badminton, with which garden Bobart seems to have had 
a good deal to do : viz. A Catalogue of some Plants and Flowers 
growing in the Duke of Beaufort's Garden at Badminton, Sept. 30, 
1699 ; and Plantae ohservatae Ilorto Badmintoniensi, Anno 1700. 
Most of the lists, which are short, are among the Sloane MSS. in the 
British Museum (vols. 3321, 3343, 4036, 4037). Some of them refer 
to seeds received from Sloane : others to plants and seeds sent to 
Badminton ; and there is one , not in Bobart's hand, of ' Seeds saved 
by Mr. Bobart in the Phisick Garden at Oxford ', but as it consists of 
only twenty-nine entries, it cannot be regarded as an official seed- 
list of the Garden. 



Ixvi INTEODUCTION 

The Moeisonian Hebbaeium. 

This collection bears Morison's name, not because lie actually 
formed it, but because the primary object of it was to illustrate his 
great work the Historia Universalis. As a matter of fact it was 
organized by the younger Bobart ; for all the names on the sheets 
are in his handwriting. Moreover, of the relatively few sheets that 
bear a date, not one is dated before 1680, the year in which Morison's 
Pars Secunda was published. It might be consequently inferred that 
none of the specimens illustrating that volume can be regarded as 
' type-specimens ' : but there can be no doubt that Bobart was quite 
familiar with Morison's species, sufficiently so to render the specimens 
authoritative for reference. 

The Herbarium consists of about 5,000 specimens of Herbs (including 
Cryptogams), and about 1,500 specimens of Trees and Shrubs. They 
are mounted on sheets (size 9j" x 14J") of hand-made paper, with 
a marginal strip of coloured wall-paper. Many of the sheets bear 
notes by DiUenius and the younger Sibthorp, who in their day were 
Sherardian Professors. It includes not only most of the plants 
mentioned in the Historia, but a considerable number of others 
added from time to time during the period that it served as the 
general herbarium of the botanical department ; until, probably, the 
acquisition of the Sherardian Herbarium. 

The specimens came from all parts of the world, and from many 
contributors. In addition to the botanists whose help is acknow- 
ledged in the preface to the Pars Tertia (see p. Ix) the following also 
contributed specimens : John Aubrey, of Wilts, (see Wood's Fasti), 
and Alexander Balaam, from North Africa : the Rev. John Banister, 
an Oxford man who was a missionary in Virginia, who supplied the 
Catalogns Plantarum in Virginia observatarum to Ray's Historia, t. ii, 
and whose MS. List of West Indian Plants is in the library here, 
from the southern States of North America : the Rev. Dr. Huntington, 
from Aleppo: Alexander Brown, a surgeon to the East India 
Company, from St. Helena and the Cape of Good Hope: Edward 
Bulkley, a surgeon at Madras, from India : the Rev. Adam Buddie, 
Vicar of Great Fambridge, Essex, who was an eminent Bryologist : 
Mark Catesby, the author of The Natural History of Carolina, 
Florida, and the Bahama Islands (1731-48), from North America : 
Rev. Lewis Stevens, Vicar of Menheniot, Cornwall, Algae: James 
Sutherland, the first Keeper of the Botanic Garden, Edinburgh : 
the Rev. Sir George Wheler, Vicar of Basingstoke, author of A 



THE MOEISONIAN HERBARIUM Ixvii 

Journey into Greece, 1682 : Mr. Willis, from Virginia : William 
Vernon, Fellow of Peterhouse, Cambridge, from Maryland. Some 
were also obtained from the Physic Garden itself, and from other 
gardens, such as those of Chelsea, Hampton Court, the Bishop of 
London (Henry Compton) at Fulham, Edward Morgan at Westminster, 
Badminton, Padua, Paris, and Edinburgh. 

The method adopted in preparing the present account of the 
Herbarium is as follows. First, as regards herbaceous plants : all 
those names in the Pars Seeunda and the Pars Tertia of the Hisioria 
which (a) are represented by specimens in the herbarium, or (6) are 
cited in such standard botanical works as the Hortus CUffortianus 
and the Species Plantarum (eds. 1 and 2) of Linnaeus, the Hortus 
Keicensis of Alton, and the Systema and Prodromus of De Candolle, 
are reprinted, those unrepresented or uncited being omitted. Many of 
the MS. entries made by Bobart in his interleaved copy of the Hisioria 
have been dealt with in the same way. Further, it has been possible 
to determine a certain proportion of the rather numerous specimens 
which are not mentioned in the Hisioria either in print or in MS. 
There still remains a considerable number of unnamed, and to a large 
extent indeterminable, specimens. 

It should be explained that italics are used exclusively for MS. 
notes written on the herbarium-sheets. The modern names adopted 
are printed in heavy type : they agree, for the most part, with those 
of the Index Kewensis, and where they differ the latter are usually 
given as well. It has been found occasionally that the name given by 
Linnaeus was incorrect. This is not to be wondered at, since he had 
no opportunity of examining the specimens, and could only base his 
identifications upon the descriptions and figures : it speaks well for 
his acumen that such mistakes are relatively few. It is, no doubt, 
on this account that he did not cite so many of the species : he 
preferred to omit rather than to err. 

Inasmuch as the Shrubs and Trees of the herbarium were not 
described in the Hisioria, it has been thought desirable to print 
Bobart's MS. catalogue of these, mentioned on p. Ixii, and to arrange 
the specimens in accordance with it. As with the Herbs so here, 
the attempt has been made to collect the Linnean and other 
authoritative synonyms of the specimens, as well as to determine 
them : but it has not been so successful, because the work is un- 
published, and the specimens are much less complete than those of 
the Herbs. 

The identification of the specimens of the herbarium has been 



Ixviii INTRODUCTION 

a long and laborious taek, which has, however, been greatly lightened 
by the ready co-operation of many botanical colleagues to whom 
the most hearty thanks are due. These include Sir David Prain, 
F.R.S., Director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, who placed the 
resources of the Herbarium and the valuable services of the staff, 
including Dr. Stapf, F.R.S., Messrs. N. E. Brown, J. Hutchinson, and 
W. B. Turrill, at the disposal of the authors : Dr. Bucknall and Mr. J. 
Walter White, F.L.S., of Bristol, who have kindly checked and named 
many specimens : Mr. J. Gilbert Baker, F.R.S., who identified most 
of the Ferns and Fern-allies : Mr. H. N. Dixon, F.L.S., who examined 
the Mosses: Mr. W. H. Pearson, F.L.S., the Hepatics: Mr. E. M. 
Holmes, F.L.S., the Algae: Messrs. Henry and James Groves, the 
Characeae: Professor Darbishire, of the University of Bristol, the 
Lichens. Other helpers have been : the late Monsieur F. Crepin, of 
Brussels, an acknowledged authority on the genus Rosa, who deter- 
mined the specimens of Roses ; the late Sir Michael Foster, K.C.B., 
F.R.S., who looked through the Irises ; Messrs. E. G. Baker, F.L.S., of 
the British Museum (Natural History) ; A. Bennett, A.L.S. ; W. 
Fawcett, F.L.S.; the late A. Fryer, A.L.S.; F. J. Hanbury, F.L.S. ; 
Professor Percival, F.L S., of University College, Reading ; C. E. 
Salmon, F.L.S. ; and J. S. Gamble, P.R.S., whose assistance with the 
specimens of Shrubs and Trees has been invaluable. Mr. H. Baker, 
Assistant in the University Herbarium, has contributed much useful 
work in the search for synonyms and the checking of specimens and 
entries, and especially in preparing the Index. Finally, the authors 
are indebted to Mr. Reginald Lane Poole, Keeper of the Archives, 
and to Mr. Falconer Madan, Bodley's Librarian, for help and advice 
of various kinds, and to the latter especially for access to his collec- 
tion of Bobariiana. 



PLANTAEUM 
HISTOKIAE UNIVEESALIS OXONIENSIS 

PARS SECUNDA, 

DE HERBIS, 

Sectio I. De BACciPEEia & Scandentibus. 

Caput I. Bacciferae Scaudentes & non Scandentes. 

P. 3, 1. Asparagus foliis acutis, C. B. P. : from Cales (Cadiz). Cited 
Hort. ClifFort. 121. Asparagus acutifoliuB L. 

2. A. aculeatus alter . . . C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 122. 

A. aphyllus L. 

3. A. aculeatus spinis horridus, C. B. P. A. albus L. 

4. A. domesticus, Eyat. Hort. A. o£B.oinalis L. 

One specimen labelled^, marinus J. B. may be a cultivated 
plant of the var. maritimus L. : a second, labelled A. sativus 
C. B. P. 489, A. hortensis J. B. 3, 725, is var. altilis L. 

4, 5. Bryonia aspera . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. B. alba L. = 

Bryonia dioica Jacq. 

5, 6. B. nigra, Ger. Cited Hort. Cliff. 458. Tamus oommunis L. 

7. Planta recentiorum, Alsinea majoris facie, baccis Solani, C. B. P. 

Cited Hort. Cliff. 170. Cucubalus baoclfer L. 
e, 8. Clematis pentaphylla, flore roseo, clavato, nobis. Not cited by 
Linnaeus. Passiflora caerulea L. 
9. C. trifolia . . . flore viridi, nobis. No specimen. Cited Sp. PI. 
959 for P. incarnata L. 

7, 2. C. passionalis triphyllos, flore roseo, Monting. One specimen 

is marked Mr. Darby, Hoxton. Cited Sp. PI. 959. 
P. inoamata L. 

8. C flore luteo, nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 958. P. lutea L. 

4. C. Maruouia pyriformis minor, nobis. No specimen. Cited in 
Sp. PI. 955 for P. pallida L. = P. suberoaa L. (I. K.). 

8, 7. Christophoriana Americana racemosa . . . nobis. No specimen. 

Cited Sp. PI. 504 for Actaea spicata L. var. alba L.=A. alba 
Miller. 



2 PLAKTARUM HISTORIAE OXONIENSIS 

8. C. vulgaris nostras racemosa & ramosa, nobis. A. spicata L. 
0, 9. C. Canadensis, racemosa & ramosa, nobis. Cited in Sp. PI. 
274 for Aralia racemosa L. : but the Herbarium specimen is 
A. nudicauliB L. 

Caput II. Scandentes Campantilatae Lactesceutes 

(Convolvulus seu Smilax laevis). 

P. 11, 1. Convolvulus major, rectus, Creticus, argenteus, nobis. Cited 
Sp. PI. 157. Convolvulus Cneorum L. 

3. C. maritimus nostras, rotundifolius, nobis. Calystegia Solda- 

nella Br. (I. K.) = Volvulus Soldanella Junger. 

4. C. Indicus Orientalis . . . Battatas. Cited Sp. PL 154. C. 

Batatas L. = Ipomoea Batatas Poir. 

12, 5. C. Syriacus & Scammonia Syriaca, nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 153. 

C. Scammonia L. 

6. C. vulgaris major albus . . . nobis. Calystegia sepium Br. (I. K.), 

= "Volvulus sepium Medic. 

13, 7. C. purpureus, folio subrotundo, C. B. P. C. purpureus L. = Ipo- 

moea purpurea Roth. 

8. C. caeruleus hederaceus . , . Park. Parad. C. hederaceus L. 

r= I. hederaoea Jacq. sens, anipl. : the calyx is densely 
hirsute with rigid patent hairs. There is a flower of another 
species on the sheet, 

9. C. vulgaris, flore minore . . . nobis. Convolvulus arvensis L. 
10. C. argenteus, Altheae folio, C. B. P. C. althaeoides L. 

17, 2. C. minor argenteus, repens, Rupellensis . . . nobis. No speci- 
men. Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 224 (fig,, mala) for C. lineatus L. 

3. C. minimus spicaefolius. Lob. : cultivated in HoH. Ox. Cited 

Sp. PI. 158. C. cantatarica L. 

4. C. peregrinus caeruleus, folio oblongo, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. 

158 and Bot. Mag. t. 27. C. tricolor L. 

18, 5. C. Aegyptiacus, quinquefolius, J. B. Cited Bot. Mag. t. 699 

for C. cairicus L. = Ipomoea palmata Forsk. = I. cairica 
Sweet. 

7. C. pennatus exoticus, Col. Wooshy Melly is given as the Indian 

name. Ipomoea Quamoolit L. 

8. Nasturtium Indicum, Dod. Tropaeolum minus L. and 

T. majuB L. 

In the first edition of the Spec. Plant, the names of these 
two species are accidentally transposed, so that the descrip- 
tion, &c., of T. majus is applied to T. minus and vice versa. 

19, 9. Halicacabum peregrinum & Cor Indicum J. B. Maddy Cotan, 

Pisum cordatum. From Fort Si. George. MS. note by Bobart 
in the Historia : sponte nascitur in hisula Barbadiense. Cited 
Sp. PI. 366. Cardiospermum Halicacabum L. 



PARS II. SECT. I-II 3 

Caput III. Scaudeutes Fomiferae (Cucurbita sive Zuccha). 

P. 23, 1. Cucurbita lagenaria, flore albo, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 451. 

C. Lagenaria L. = Iiagenaria vulgaris Seriuge. 
24, 3. C. oblonga, flora albo . . . C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. 1010. 

C. Lagenaria L. = L. vulgaris Seringe. 

27, 1. Colocynthis major fructu rotundo C. B. P. Cucumis Colocynthis 

L. = Citrullus Colocynthis Schradei-. 

28, 2. Anguria, Matth. Cited Hort. Cliff. 452. Cucurbita Citrullus 

L. = Citrullus vulgaris Scbrader. 

29, 4. Melo vulgaris, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 451. Cucumis 

Melo L. 

31, 6. Cucumis sativus vulgaris, C. B. P. C. sativus L. 

32, 8. C. asininus, Tab. No specimen. Cited Hort. Cliff. 454. Mo- 

mordica Elaterium L. = Ecballium Elaterium A. Ricb. 

33, 9. C. puniceus, Cord. Hist. Cited Hort. Cliff. 450. Momordica 

Balsamina L. Tbe specimen has the bract below the middle 
and may be M. Charantia L. 

Caput lY. Scaudeutes Pomiferae & Cauipaunlatae. 

P. 35, 1. Cucumis Aegyptius reticulatus sive Luffa Arabum, Veslin:^. 

No specimen. Cited in Hort. Cliff. 451. Momordica Luffa L.. 

= Iiuffa aegyptiaoa Mill. 
37, 9. Convolvulus perennis heteroclitus, . . . nobis. Cited Hort. 

Cliff. 458. Humulus Lupulus L. o plant. 
38, 10. Lupulus silvestris, &c. No specimen. The last figure on 

tab. 7 represents the male plant of Humxilus Lupulus L. 

Sectio II. De Leguminibus, 

Caput I. Fapiliouaceae Silig.aosae Bivalves Scaudeutes 
Capreolis. 

P. 46, 1. Pisum majus flore albo, nobis : one sheetfructu ciiterei colon's, 

another /rwciM Candida: forms of Pisum sativum L. 
47, 4. P. pulchrum, folio anguloso, J. B. No specimen. Cited Sp. 

PI. 727 for P. arvense L. 
5. P. spontaneum perenne . . . nobis. Cited in Sp. PI. 727. P. 

maritimum L. = Lathyrus maritimus Bigelow. 
51, 1. Lathyrus arvensis, radice tuberosa, repente, nobis. Cited Hort. 

Cliff. 367. L. tuberosus L. 

2. L. silvestris & dumetorum, flore luteo, nobis. No specimen. 

Cited Hort. Cliff. 367. L. pratensis L. 

3. L. latifolius, C. B. P. No specimen. Cited Hort. Cliff. 367. 

L. latifolius L. 

B 2 



i PLANTARUM HISTORIAE OXONIENSIS 

5. L. aii4>lKap-nos seu supra infraque terram siliquas gerena, nobiB. 
The figure (Tab. 23, fig. 1) is cited by Boissier in Fl. 
orientalis ii. 607 as representing his L. blepharicarpue, 
which is probably the Linnean L. amphicarpos for which 
DC. Prod. ii. 373 cites Morison's figure. There are three im- 
perfect specimens on one sheet. One of these (with tendrils) 
may be this species. 
52, 6. L. sativus minor semine anguloso, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 367. 
Ii. satiTTUs L. 

A specimen labelled L. sativus flore purpurea, which has 
long peduncles and a two-winged fruit, is also probably 
L. sativus L. 

7. L. arvensis siliquis Pisi minoris, nobis. L. Cicera L. 

8. L, arvensis, annus, luteua, siliquis hirsutis, nobis. L. hir- 

SUtUB L. 

9. L. Boeticus flore luteo, Park. L. sp. ? 

10. L. luteus, annuus, foliis Convolvuli minoris, nobis. No speci- 
men. Cited Hort. Cliff. 367. L. Aphaea L. 

55, 1. L. Tingitanus siliquis Orobi . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 782, and 
Bot. Mag. t. 100. L. tingitanus L. 
2. L. Vioiaoides floris vexillo Phoeniceo . . . nobis. No specimen. 
Cited Sp. PL 732, for L. Clymenum L. 

56, 7. L. silvestris minor, C. B. P. L. IfisBolia L. 

58,8. Ochrus sive Ervilia, Dod. Cited Hort. Cliff. 370. Pisum 
Ochrus L. = L. Oolirus DC. 

59, 9. Lens tenuibus exit cauliculie, rectis . . . Ervum Lens L. = Lena 
esculenta Moench. Meth. 131, 1794 = L. c\ilinare Medic, in 
Tories. Churpf. Phys. Ges. ii. 361, 1787. 

61, 1. Vicia perennis multiflora spicata caerulea sepiaria, nobis. Cited 

Hort. Cliff, 368. Vioia Craooa L. 

On p. 65, no. l,Morison mentions ' Altera major, folio latiore, 
floribus subalbidis lineis caeruleis notatis, circa Oxoniam 
reperta,' which clearly refers to V. sylvatica L. It is the 
first record of the latter species for Oxfordshire and 
Berkshire. 

2. V. perennis maxima dumetorum . . . nobis. On the sheet is 

ths synonym V. maxima dumetorum C. B. P. which Linnaeus 
quotes for his V. dumetoram Sp. PI. 1035. V. sepium L. 

3. V. Narbonensis maxima . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 369. 

v. narbonensis L. 

62, 4. V. flore luteo-pallido . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 736. 

V. lutea L. 

5. V. lutea foliis Convolvuli minoris, C. B. P. One specimen from 
? India labelled Craridy. L. Aphaca L. Already eiven 
p. 52, no. 10. _ ^ 

Under this the Historia mentions V. maritima flore albo 
longo nobis, which is Vicia hybrida L. 



PARS II. SECT. II 5 

- B. V. major vulgaris sativa, nobis, \flore albo.' V. sativa L. 

Also a sheet labelled Vicia Sijhest. flo. ruberrimo, siliqua 
longa nigm, Shotovei- (Oxon.) R. Syn. 188, -whioh is the type 
plant of V. angustifolia L., var. Bobartii Forster. 

63, — . V. major folio cordato, flora rubro, fruotu albo Pisi minoris 
instar, nobis. V. sativa L. 

8. V. pratensis verna sen praecox Soloniensis . . . nobis. No 

specimen. Cited in Sp. PL ed. ii. 1040 for Ervum soloniense 
L. = Lens Lenticula Alef. = Lens soloniensis (L.). 

9. V. minor segetum cum siliquis pluribus hirsutis, C. B. P. Ervum 

hirsutum L. = Vicia hirsuta S. F. Gray. 
64, 10. V. minor segetum cum siliqyis paucis glabris, nobis. Cited in 
Sp. PI. ed. ii, 1039. Ervum tetraspermum L. =Vicia gemella 
Crantz = V. tetrasperma Moenoh. 

Caput II. Silic|.uosae Papilionaceae Bivalves Trifoliatae 
Scandentes caulibus. 

P. 68, 1. Phaseolus major sive Smilax hortensis, C. B. P. Phaseolus 

vulgaris L. 
69, 4. P. Indicus, flore coccineo seu puniceo, nobis. P. coooineus L. 

Caput III. Sili<3[iiosae Papilionaceae Bivalves non 
Scandentes. 

P. 74, 1. Orobus sativus sive Ervum semine anguloso . . . nobis. 
Cited Hort. Cliff. 370. Ervum Ervilia L. = Vicia Ervilia 
Willd. 

75, 3. Cicer sativum, C.B.P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 370. Cicer arieti- 
num L. 

77, 5. Orobus silvaticus latifolius siliquis propendentibus, parvo flore 
purpureo, nobis. 0. venetorum H, Pat. : Orobus latifolius 
parvo flore prorsus albo, C. B. P. 357 ; Gallegae nemorensis 
similis muUiflora flo. albo, J. B. ii. 345,. Orobus variegatus 
Tenore = Lathyrus Venetus (Mill, under Orobus) Rouy. 

78, 6. 0. silvaticus Viciae foliis . . . nobis. 0. syhaticus Viciae foh'is, 
C. B. P. 352; 0. Pannonicus 2 Clus. Hist. niger L. = 
Lathyrus niger Bernh. 

7. O. silvaticus nostras . . . tuberosa radice nobis No specimen. 

The figure (Tab. 21, flg. 6 : also tab. 7, fig. 6, for the narrow- 
leaved form) is cited in Hort. Cliff. 366. 0. tuberosus L. = 
L. montanus Bernh. 

There is also a specimen labelled Orobus sylvaticiis nostras 
Rail Syn. 191, which is Vicia Orobua DC. 

8. Sophera, Securidaoa Aegyptiaca, Park. This is probably Cassia 

Sophera L. teste E. M. Holmes. 

This is included in the Catalogus Hmi. Oxon., ed. 2, p. 172, 
n. 8, 1658, as cultivated in the Physic Garden, 



6 PLANTARUM HISTOEIAE OXONIENSIS 

70, 9. Sesban Aegyptiacnm . . . Park. Aeschynomene Sesban L. = 
Sesbania aegyptiaca Poir. = Sesbania Sesban (L.). 

SOjlO.Securidaca vera . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 363, Coronilla 
Securidaca L. = Securigera Coronilla DC. = Bonaveria 
Securidaca (L.) Desv. 

81, 11. Stella Leguminosa, Lob. Astragalus Stella Gouan, 

Caput lY. Legnmina uon Scandentia, Sili^uis Erectis. 

P. 83, 1. Faba major . . . Cited Hort. Cliff. 369. Vicia Paba L. 
84, 2. Faba minor seu equina, C. B. P. "V. Paba L. 

86, 3. Lupinus vulgaris . . . Lupinus albus L. 

87, 4. L. flavo flore, Clus. Hist. L. luteus L. 

5. L. peregrinus coeruleus major villosus, C. B. P. L. hirsutus L. 

6. L. coeruleus . . . Virginianus repens, nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 721, 

and Bot. Mag. t. 202. L. perennis L. 

88, 7. L. silvestris angustifolius . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 499. 

L. varius L. 

89, 8. Glycyrrhiza vera siliquosa . . . C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 494. 

GlyoyiThiza glabra L. 
91, 9. Galega vulgaris, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. 714. Galega offici- 
nalis L. 
Also a second sbeet G. vulgaris floribus penitus candicanti- 

hus, C. B. P. 352, of the same. 
83, 10. Orobus silvaticus perennis vernus . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliffi 

366. Orobus vernus L. = Lathyrus vernus Bernh. 
86, 2. 0. Syriacus hirsutus, magno flore, nobis. No specimen. Cited, 

with a query as to fig. 2, in Sp. PI. 759 for Astragalus 

syriacus L. 
97. 0. villosus floribus globosis, C. B. P. Antbyllis Barba- 

Jovis L. 
102, 1. Tribulus terrestris Ciceris folio, . . . nobis. Cited in Hort. 
Cliff. 160. Tribulus terrestris L. 

Caput y. Siliqnosae Papilionaceae silic[Tiis gemellis, 
dnplicem seminum seriem coutinentibus donatae. 

P. 1C5, 1. Astragalus perennis spicatus Americanus . . . nobis. 
A2}ios Amer. Cornuti. 'Narry Vendi. Neringela.' Cited 
Sp. PI. 753. Glycine Apios L. = Apios tuberosa Moench ; 
but Bobart has in error put in a specimen of Tribulus to 
represent it which bears no resemblance to Morison's 
figure, tab. 9, no. 1. 

106, 3. A. purpureus perennis Monspeliensis, nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 

761 and Bot. Mag.t. 375. Astragalus monspessulanus L. 

107, 6. A. purpureus annuus peregrinus . , . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 

762. Biseriula Peleoinus L, 



PARS II. SECT. Ir 7 

8. A. luteuB perennis procumbens . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 
758. Astragalus glyoyphyllos L. 
108, 9. A. luteus perennis siliqua gemella rotunda, vesicam referente, 
nobis. No specimen. Cited Hort. Cliff. 362. A. Cioer, L. 

10. A. luteus . . . Monspeliacus procumbens, nobis. Cited Hort. 

Cliff. 362. A. hamosus L. 

11. A. luteus . . . Boeticus . . . nobis. No specimen. Cited Sp. 

PI. 758 for A. boeticus L. 
109, 12. A. . . . floribus paxvis, nobis. No specimen. Cited Hort. 
Cliff. 361. A. sesameus L, 
113, 1. Tragacantha Massiliensis . . . nobis. A. Tragacantha L. 
p. p. ; A. massiliensis Lam. Enc. i. 820. 

There is also a specimen of Tragacantha species ex 
Insults Balearicis, testihusWhii^ and Buoknall, A. Poterium 
Vahl. 
2. T. Granatensis . . . nobis. Ex Bisp. collect. Toumefort. 
A. aristatUB L'Herit., testibus White and Bucknall. 

Caput YI. Siliqnosae Fapiliouaceae siliqnis articolatis 
douatae. 

P. 117, 1. Ferrum equinum siliqua singulari, C. B. P. Cited Hort. 
Cliff. 364. Hippocrepis unisiliquosa L. 

118, 2. F. equinum siliqua multiplici, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 

864. H. multisiliquosa L. 
8. F. equinum capitatum seu comosum. Col. H. comosa L. 

119, 4. Polygala dumetorum major, . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 

363, Coronilla varia L. 
122, 7. Colutea Scorpioides elatior & major frutescens, nobis. Cited 
Hort. Cliff. 368. C. Emerus L. 

10. C. sive Polygala Valentina prima, Clus. Hist. Cited Hort. 

Cliff. 863. C. valentina L. 

11. C. siliquosa minor coronata, C. B. P. C. ooronata L. 

124, 12 [13]. Ornithopodium majus, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 364. 

Omithopus perpusillus L. 
125, 15. Ornithopodium alyoKeparov, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 364. 

O. compressus L. 
127, 1. Scorpioides Bupleuri folio, . . . nobis. Scorpiurus sulcata 

L., testibus White and Bucknall. 

2. S. Bupleuri folio, corniculis asperis magis . . . nobis. Cited 

in Sp. PI. 745 for S. subvillosa L. The specimen is 
S. sulcata L., testibus White and Bucknall. 

3. S. Bupleuri folio, corniculis crassioribus . . . nobis. No 

specimen. Cited Sp. PI. 745 for S. vermieulata L. 

4. S. Bupleuri folio, corniculis asperis & rugosis . . . nobis. 

No specimen. Cited in Sp. PL 745 for S. muricata L. 



8 PLANTAHUM HISTOEIAE OXONIENSIS 

5. S, Portulacae . . . nobis. Ornithopua scorpioides L., 
= Coronilla soorpioides Koch (I. K.). 

128, 6. S. Viciae foliis minima, nobis. Scorpiurus pinnata Mill. 

Gard. Diet. = Artrolobium ebracteatum Desv. ; = Orni- 
thopua ebracteatus Brot. (I. K.) = O. pinnatuB Druce. 

129, 7. Onobryohis major perennia . . . nobis. Cited in Hoi-t. Cliff. 

365. Hedysarura ooronarium L. 

130, 8. 0. major annua . . . nobis. Cited in Sp. PI. 750. 

H. flexuosum L. 
9. 0. major perennis Canadensis . . . nobis. Cited in Sp. PL 
748. Hedysarum canadense L. = Desmodium oanadense 
DC. 
131, 10. 0. major silicuUs echinatis . . . nobis. Cited in Hort. Cliff. 
365. Hedysarum Onobrychis L. ; = Onobryohis viciae- 
folia Scop. 

There is also a sheet of specimens gathered by J. B.(obart) 
on Wiltshire Dowries of Onobrychis minor et humilior flore 
spicato rubicundo of the same species which was first 
recorded for that county by How in the Phytologia of 1650. 

Caput VII. Trifolia Legtuuinosa (Trifolium 
Bituminosum, etc.). 

P. 136, 1. Trifolium bituminosum . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 
373. Psoralea bituminosa L. : represented by both the 
broad and the narrow-leaved forms. 

137, 2. T. pratense album vulgare odoratum, nobis. Cited Hort. 

Cliff. 375. Trifolium repens L. 

Also a specimen T. pratense miniis album foliis purpureis, 
Purplewort, a form of the same species. 

138, 4. T. album tricoccon . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 767. T. sub- 

terraneum L. 

5. T. pratense purpureum vulgare, nobis. Cited Hort. ^Cliff. 
375. T. pratense L. 

Also T. pu)~p. majus sativum, pratensi simile E. S. 104, 
which is var. sativum Schreber, and specimens flore albo. 

139, 1. T. purpureum montanum majus spica oblonga, nobis. 

T. medium Huds. 

140, 4. T. ... montanum pinnatum Lagopoides . . . nobis. Cited 

Hort. Cliff. 375. T. rubens L. 

5. T. ... Lagopoides frutescens incanum Creticum, nobis. 

Ebenus oretioa L. 

6. T. . . . Lagopoides hirsutum annuum . . . nobis. Cited Sp. 

PI. 768 (fig. 1) for Trifolium squarrosum L. : the specimen 
is probably Trifolium angustifolium L. 

141, 7. T. lagopoides hirsutum angustifolium Hispanicum . . ^ nobis. 

T. incarnatum L. 



PARS II. SKCT. II a 

8. T. lagopoides purpureum arvense . . . nobis. . Cited iia Hort. 

Cliff. 374. T. arvense L. 

9. T. lagopoides minus folio acute non crenato . . . nobis. 

T. angustifolium L. 

142, 1. T. agrarium luteum capitulo Lupuli majus, nobis. T.luteum 

hipuUniini Ger. Einac. T. procumbens L. 

2. T. luteum lupulinum minimum, nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 773, 

for T. filiforme L. The specimens are T. dubium Sibth. 

3. T. luteum parvum rectum flore glomerato cum unguiculis, 

I. B. Ex Aleppo. An immature specimen. 

143, 4. T. capitulo glomerato rigido flore luteo, I. B. Chabr. 

T. lappaceum L. 
9. T. stellatum purpureum . . . nobis. T. stellatum L. 

144,11. T. purpureum glomerulis Personatae Cherleri, I. B. Chabr. 
The name refers to T. Cherleri L. : but the specimen is 
T. maritimum Huds., = T. squamosum L. (Amoen.iv). 

12. T. purpureum pratense folliculatum, C. B. P. See Hort. 

Cliff. 373. T. resupinatum L. 

13. T. fragiferum Frisicum . . . nobis. Cited Hort. ClifE. 373. 

T. fragiferum L. 
15. T. vesicarium . . . nobis. No specimen. Cited Hort. Cliff. 
373. T. resupinatum L. 

147, 8. T. corniculatum Lusitanicum . . . nobis. Cleome violacea 
L., see also 289, no. 3. 

[In Index Kewensis this species is referred in error to 
C. graveolens Rafin. !] 

Caput VIII. Trifolia Leguminosa (Trifolium Cochleatum 
seu Medica Cochleata). 

P. 152, 1. Medica cochleata major SUapnos . . . nobis. No specimen. 
Cited in Sp. PI. 779 for Medicago polymorpha L. var. 
orbicularis L. = M. orbicularis All. 

2. M. cochleata altera . . . nobis. No specimen. DC. Prod. ii. 

174. Cited fig. 2 for M. orbicularis All., and also for 
M. marginata Willd., into which it is merged in Index 
Kewensis. 

3. M. . . . capsula . . . rugosa alba, nobis. No specimen. Cited 

in DO. Prod. ii. 175 for M. scutellata Miller. 

4. M. . . . capsula . . . globosa scutellata, nobis. Cited in Sp. 

PI. 779 for Medicago polymorpha L. var. scutellata L., 
= M. scutellata Mill. De CandoUe in Prod ii. 175 cites 
fig. 4 for M. rugosa Lam. The specimens, however, appear 
to be M. orbicularis All. 

153, 5. M. . . . capsula turbinata plana, nobis. No specimen. Cited 
in DC. Prodr. ii. 175 for M. turbinata Willd. 



10 PLANTAEUM HISTOEIAE OXOKIENSIS 

6. M. . . . capsula turbinata rugosa, nobis. No specimen. 

Cited Sp. PI. 780 for Medica polymorpha var. turbinata L., 
but with a query in DC. Prodr. ii. 175 for M. tubercu- 
lata Willd. 

7. M. . . . spinis paucioribus & rigidioribus, nobis. No speci- 

men. Cited Sp. PI. 780. DC. Prod. ii. 181 refers it to 
M. ciliaris Willd. The Ind. Kew. gives Krocker as the 
authority. 

8. M. . . . spinis longioribus sursum & deorsum tendentibus, 

nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 780 for M. polymorpha var. inter- 
texta, L., and by DC. in Prodr. ii. 181 for M. intertexta 
Willd. Miller is the earliest authority for the name. 
The specimen is M. lappacea Desr. as White and Bucknall 
agree. 

9. Haec Icon repraesentat capsulam Medicae 8 ... No specimen. 

DC. in Prodr. ii. 181 says it is M. Echinus DC. 

11. M. . . . spinis crassioribus & brevioribus armata, nobis. No 

specimen. Cited Sp. PI. 781 for M. polymorpha var. 
muricata L. = M. muricata All. 

12. M. . . . capsula spinosa rotunda minore & foliia quasi spinosis, 

nobis. No specimen. DC. Prodr. ii. 179 cites with a 
query fig. 12 1. 15 for M. maculata Willd. = M. arabica 
Huds. 
154, 15. M. . . . iroXvKapiros . . . incana, maritima, nobis. M. caarina L. 
The figure t. 15 f. 15 is cited by DC. Prod. ii. 179 for 
M. minima Lam. 

16. M. . . . capsulis ciliaribus nigris, nobis. No specimen. 

Cited by DC. Prod. ii. 177 for M. coronata Desr. 

17. M. . . . folio cordato, macula fusca notato, nobis. Cited 

Sp. PI. 780. M. polymorpha var. arabica L. = M. arabioa 
Huds. 

18. M. . . . capsula nigra hispidiore, nobis. No specimen. The 

fig. 18 is cited by DC. Prodr. ii. 179, optim., for M. Gerardi 
Waldst. & Kit., = M. rigidula Thuill. 

19. M. . . . capsula nigra minus hispida, nobis. No specimen. 

Cited with a query in DC. Prod. ii. 177 for Medicago 
pentacycla DC, put under M. dentieulata Willd. in 
Index Kewensis ; to which is also referred M. nigra, like- 
wise cited for f. 19 by DC. 178. 
155, 21. M. . . . capsula minima, coronata, nobis. No specimen. 
Cited in Sp. PL 780 for M. polymorpha var. coronata L. : 
but DC. with a query cites M. distans = M. hispida 
Gaertn. teste Ind. Kew. 



X.^XJl>hJ ±±t 



11 11 



Caput IX. Trifolia Legnminosa (Trifolium falcatum seu 
cornutum). 

P. 157, 1. Medica silvestris frutescens . . . nobis. No specimen. 
Cited Hort. Cliff. 377. Medioago falcata L. 
158, 2. M. . . . sativa sive Trifolium sativum . . . nobis. Cited 
Sp. PI. 778. M. sativa L. 

One sheet florihus ex violaceo et luteo mixtis is probably 
var. versicolor Seringe. 

3. Trifolium seu Medica annua . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 778. 

M. radiata L. = Trigonella radiata Boiss. 

4. T. . . . frutescens incanum . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff, 377. 

Medicago artoorea L. 

Caput X. Trifolia Legniuiuosa (Trifolium odoratum 
Melilotus dictum). 

P. 161, 1. T. odoratum seu Melilotus fruticosa Candida major, Trag. 
Melilotus alba Desr. 
2. T. . . . officinarum, nobis. M. officinalis Lam., = M. altis- 
sima Thuill. 

4. T. . . . pericai-pio magno . . . albo, nobis. M. italioa Lam. 

5. Melilotus lutea minor . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 1077. 

Trifolium M. indica L. = M. indica All. 

There is also a sheet from Fort St. George, India, 
doubtless aDu Bois specimen of the same species, labelled 
Sheru Pallada. 

6. M. lutea minor . . ■ foliis angustioribus maculis sub exortum 

notatis, nobis. M. sulcata Desf. 

7. M. . . . folio minore & angustiore, nobis. M. sulcata 

Deaf. 
162, 8. M. . . . seminis pericarpio nigro, nobis. Cited Hort. 
Cliff. 375, 19. The glabrous-fruited form of Medicago 
lupuUna L. 
9. M. . . . semine Foenugraeci, nobis. Melilotus messa- 

nensis All. 
10. M. major odorata violaoea, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. Tri- 
folium M. caerulea L. = Trigonella M. caerulea Druce. 
163, 11. M. lutea major comiculis reflexis, nobis. No specimen. 
Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 1094 for T. comiculata L. 

12. M. lutea minor procumbens . . . nobis. Trigonella Spru- 

neriana Boiss. ; teste Dr. Stapf. 

13. M. Syriaca seu Chalepensis major . . . nobis. Hist., p. 164 ; 

hujus semina missa a praedicto D. Huntingdon, nunquam 
nobis satis laudando, accepta, et biennio abhinc terrae 
commissa, plantas plurimas nobis in horto publico pro- 
duxere. Trigonella caelesyriaca Boiss. teste Dr. Stapf. 



12 PLANTAEUM HISTOKIAE OXONIENSIS 

Caput XI. Trifolia Legmninosa (Trifolium Foenumgraecum). 

F. 166, 1. Foenumgraecum sativum, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 376. 
Trigonella Foenum-graeoum L. 

2. P. silvestre ixovoKfparov . . . nobis. T. gladiata Stev. 

3. F. . . . siliquis pluribus longis, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 377. 

T. monspeliaoa L. 

Caput XII. Trifolia leguminosa (Trifolium Anonis seu 
Ononis). 

P. 169, 1. Anonis purpurea vulgaris spinosa . . . nobis. Also a sheet 
oijlore albo. Cited Hort. Cliff. 359. Ononis spinosa L. 
2. A. non spinosa repens, nobis. O. repens L. 

4. A. purpurea spicata erecta annua . . . nobis. No specimen. 

Cited Sp. PI. 717 for O. mitissima L. 

170, 7. A. purpurea perennis foliis . . . rotuudioribus . . . nobis. 

O. rotiindifolia L. 
8. A. purpurea verna . . . frutescens . . . nobis. No specimen. 
Cited Sp. PI. 718, Bot. Mag. t. 317, for O. fruticosa L. 

171, 9. A. lutea . . . Natrix dicta, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 358. 

O. Natrix L. 

12. A. . . . siliqua glabra longiore & crassiore, nobis. The name 

suggests Ononis cherleri L. : but it is a yellow-flowered 
species, most probably O. minutissima L., in which 
determination Messrs White and Bucknall agree. 

13. A. . . . siliqua glabra breviore, nobis. No specimen. Cited 

Sp. PL ed. ii. 1011 for O. reclinata L. 

Caput XIII. Trifolia Legnmiuosa (Trifolium Lotus 
Herba dictum). 

P. 175, 4. Lotus oXiyoKepoTos Cretica lutea siliquis longis erectis, 
nobis. Lotus sp. ? 

176, 5. L. . . . siliquis binis curvis propendentibus, nobis. No 

specimen. Cited Sp. PI. 774 for L. edulis L. 
8. L. TroXvKepnTos annua . . . siliquis Ornithopodii, nobis. Cited 
Hort. Cliff. 372. L. ornithopodloides L. 

177, 9. L. . . . siliquis recurvis . . . nobis. L. ornithopodioides L., 

testihus White and Bucinall. 

11. L. . . . lutea minor . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 872. 

L. oorniculatus L. Also idem et cauUhus et foliis glabrio- 
rihus et lucentibus, L. uliginosus Schkuhr. 

12. Lotus . . . fruticosa Cretica argentea . . . nobis. Cited Sp. 

PI. 775. L. cretious L. 

13. L. . . . frutescens hirsuta . . . nobis. No specimen. Cited 

Sp. PI. 775 for Lotus rectus L. = Dorycnium rectum 

Seringe. 



PARS n. SECT. II 1? 

14. L. . . . frutescens incana alba . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PL 
775, and Bot. Mag. t. 336. Lotus hirsutus L. = D. hirautum 
Seringe. 
178, 15. L. . . . siliculis subrotundis erectis, nobis. D. suffruticosum 
VilL 

16. L. . . . fiore majore viridi, nobis. D. herbaoeum VilL 

Caput XIV. Papilionacea siliquis bivalvibus (Loto 
Affinis seu Authyllis). 

P. 181, 1. Loto affinis vulneraria pratensis, C. B. P. Cited Sort. 
Cliff. 371. AnthyUis Vulneraria L. 

2. L. . . . hirsuta herba flore suaverubente, C. B. P. A. Vul- 

neraria L. var. rubriflora DC, testibus Buckaall & White. 

3. L. . . . major, AnthyUis vesicaria Hispanica, Park. Cited 

Hort. Cliff. 371. A. tetrapbylla L. 
The fig. on pi. xvii is numbered 4 instead of 3. 

4. L. . . . siliquis hirsutis, circinatis, C. B. P. Cited Hort. 

Cliff. 377. Medicago circinnata L. = Hymenocarpos cir- 
cinnata Savi (I. K.) = Circinnus ciroinnatus 0. Kuntze. 

Caput XV. Trifolia Fentapetala Acida. 

P. 183, 1. Trifolium acetosum vulgare, C. B. P. Oxalis Acetosella 
L., a'hd the var. subpurpurascens DC. 
2. T. acetosum corniculatum . . . procumbens, nobis. Cited 
Hort. Cliff. 175 and Sp. PI. 623. Oxalis cornioulata L. 

This is, as the description and figures show, a procum- 
bent plant, which Bucknall and White agree ia O. comicu- 
lata L. Mr. Robinson (Jonrn. Bot. 1907, p. 386) has tried to 
show that we should reverse the names ; that is to call 
this 0. stricta L. Fortunately the figure, description, and 
specimen representing it in this Herbarium, agree in 
proving that the practice which has obtained for two 
centuries need not be discontinued. 
184, 3. T. acetosum . . . majus rectum Indica seu Virginianum, nobis. 
Cited Sp. PL 435. Oxalis stricta L. 

Caput XVI. Trifolia Fentapetala Fragifera. 

P. 186, 1. Fragaria vulgaris, C. B. P. Pragaria veaoa L. 

Also a sheet labelled Fragaria fnidu alho, C. B. P. 326 
of the same species. 
186, 2. F. major fructu parvi Pruni magnitudine, C. B. P. Bauhin's 
plant is cited Sp. PL ed. ii. 709 for Fragaria vesca var. 
pratensis L. It appears to be Fragaria elatior Ehrh. = 
P. moschata Duchesne. 
186, 3. F. Virginiana fructu coccineo, nobis. P. chiloensis 
Duchesne. 



14 PLANTAEUm HIBTOKIAB OJS.UJNlJ5riSia 

4. F. major vesca flore herbaceo, fructu spinoso, nobis. No 

specimen. Cited Sp. PI. 495 for F. muricata L. 

5. F. sterilis seu minima vesca . . . nobis. No specimen. Cited 

Sp. PI. 495 for Fragaria sterilis L. var. ^ = Potentilla 
fragariastrum Ehrh. = P. sterilis Garcke. 

187, 6. F. sterilis silvestris sericea seu incana, nobis. No specimen. 

Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 715 for Potentilla subacaulis L. But 
Morison states ' in Granadae saxosis collegit ; nos copiose 
in sylvis adjacentibus Pictavio reperimus ' ; a locality 
(Poitiers) which suggests a variety of P. cinerea Chaix. 

188, 1. Pentaphyllum seu potius Heptaphyllum . . . nobis. Poten- 

tilla recta L., testibus White and Bucknall. 
2. Est & Cauadense humilius ... No specimen. Cited in Sp, 
PI. ed. ii. 713 for P. canadensis L. 

189, 4. P. . . . majus rectum rubrum palustre, nobis. Cited Hort. 

Cliflf. 195. Comarum palustre L. = P. palustris Scop. 

Also a specimen labelled Pentaphyllum palugtre rubrum, 
crassis et villosis foliis, Sueeicum et Hihernicum Pl.[uk.^ 
Tab. 212, Ray Syn. 141. P. palustris Scop. var. villosa 
(Lehm.). 

5. P. minus rectum . . . flore albo, nobis. Leaves only. Cited in 
Hort. Cliff. 194. Potentilla alba L. 

7. P. minus procumbens flore luteo vulgare . . . nobis. Cited 

in Hort. Cliff. 194, 7. P. reptans L. 

8. P. minus incanum Alpinum flore aureo . . . nobis. The speci- 

men is labelled Pentaphyllum Alpinum splendens aureo flore 
J. B. ii. 398. P. verna L. 

9. P. minus lanuginosum . . . nobis. Potentilla villosa Zimm. = 

P. alpestris Hall = P. Crantzii Beck, testibus White and 
Bucknall. 

190, 10. P. minus magis villosum flore aureo . . . nobis. P. villosa 
Zimm. = P. Crantzii Beck, testibus White and Bucknall. 

The Rev. E. S. Marshall thinks the sheet labelled P. par- 
vum hirsutum J. B. 2. 398 is P. vema L. 

11. P. foliis profunda sectis subtus argenteis flore luteo, J. B. 

Chabr. Cited ' fig. mala ' Hort. Cliff. 193. P. argentea L. 

12. P. minus viride flore aureo tetrapetalo . . . nobis. Cited 

Sp. PI. 500. Tormentilla reptans L. = P. procitmbens 
Sibth. 

13. P. . . . Tormentilla dictum, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 194. 

Tormentilla erecta L. = Potentilla Tormentilla Neck. = 
P. erecta Hampe. 

192, 1. Pentaphylloides majus erectum flore albo . . . nobis. Cited 
Sp. PI. 496. P. rupestris L. 
2. P. majus erectum flore luteo . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 
499 for Potentilla monspeliensis L. In Hort. Cliff. 193 



i-AKS II. SECT. II 15 

Morison's plate is cited for Potentilla foliis ternatia 
iucisis caule diffuso Fl. Lapp. 211, which appears to be 
P. norvegica L. White and Bucknall refer the specimen 
to this species. 

3. P. minus supinum . . . nobis. P. supina L. 

193, 4. P. . . . foliis alatis argenteis et serratis flore luteo, nobis. 
Cited Hort. Cliff. 193. P. Anserina L. 

5, P. rectum fruticosum Eboracense, nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 495. 
P. fruticosa L. 

Caput XVII. Peataphyllis Affines, Pes Leonis, sive 
AlcMmilla. 

P. 195, 1. Alchimilla perennis viridis major . . . nobis. Cited Hort, 
Cliff. 38. Alchemilla vulgaris L. 

There is a sheet with a label in Dr. Richardson's hand- 
writing, Alchemilla alpina quinquefolia . . . Mor. Hist. This 
is a rare English plant, I never met with it save in a like 
dismal i-alley about 6 miles north of Kendle called Long 
Sledale nigh a place called Buckharrvw Wei, together with 
Cotyledon hirsuta P. B. This was in Mr. Lawson's company. 
The specimen is A. vulgaris L., sensv lat. 

3. A. perennis incana, argentea . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 123. 

A. alpina L. 

4. 4- annua minima hirauta . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Clifif. 39. 

Aphanes arvensis L. = Alchemilla arvensis Scop. 
196. Epimedium. EpimediiiTn alpinum L. 

Caput XVIII. Appendix ad Legnmma. 

P. 198, 1. Herba viva. Hist. Lugd. Acostae. Oxalis sensitiva L. = 
Biophytum sensitivum DC. 

201, 1. Senna Alexandri, sive foliis acutis, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PL 377, 
for Cassia Senna L. = C. aoutifolia Delile. 

The bad specimen is probably this species. Another 
sheet labelled as above is not C. acutifolia as the leaflets 
are retuse, not acute. Mr. E. M. Holmes thinks it ia nearer 
C. montana Heyne, 'but the petiolules seem larger, and 
the leaflets farther apart.' Bobart has interpolated one of 
Du Bois' specimens from Fort St. George, India, which 
Mr. Holmes refers undoubtedly to C. Tora L., but another 
plant is on the same sheet. Another sheet Senna indica 
major folio ohtvso is {teste Holmes) C. alata L. 
2. S. Italica, sive foliis obtusis, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. 377. 
Cassia Senna L. var. |3 = C. obovata Callad., which Holmes 
believes the specimen to be. 

202. Nil, vel potius Nir. No specimen. Cited in Hort. Cliff. 487. 
Indigofera tinotoria L. 



16' PLANTAEUM HISTOEIAE OXONIENSIS 

203. Astragalus perennis foliis hirsutis caule recto . . . nobis. No 
specimen. Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 1071 for Astragalus 
caprinus L. 
Trifolium argenteum clypeatum Alpin. de Exot. Two sheets 
of T. clypeatum L. 

Sectio III. SiLiQuosAE Tetkapetalae Bicapsulares. 
Caput I. Brassica. 

P. 208, 1. Brassica capitata alba, C. B. P. B. oleracea L. sens. lat. 

In DC. Syst. ii. 585 referred to var. capitata. 
207, 2. B. capitata rubra, C. B. P. No specimen. Cited in DC. 
Syst. ii. 586 for B. oleraoea L. var. rubra L. 

3. B. capitata polycephalus, Lugd. No specimen. B. oleracea 

L. var. gemmipara DC. 1. c. 585. 

4. B. alba capite oblongo non penitus clauso, C. B. P. No 

specimen. B. oleracea var. oblonga DC. 1. c. 

5. B. alba crispa, C. B. P. B. oleracea L. (var. sabauda L.) var. 

bullata DC. Syst. ii. 584, 

6. B. sativa alba vel viridis . . . nobis. No specimen. 

B. oleraoea L. var. viridis DC. 1. c. ii. 582. 

7. B. sativa rubra aperta laevis, nobis. No specimen. B. olera- 

cea L. var. purpurasoens DC. 1. c. ii. 584. 

8. B. fimbriaia, C. B. P. No specimen. B. oleracea var. 

sabellioa L. 

9. B. fimbriata pumila, C. B. P. No specimen. B. oleracea 

var. Sabellica DC. 1. c. ii. 584 (n. 9 ?). 
20S, 10. B. cauliflora, C. B.P. B. oleracea L. var. botrytis L. = 
cauliflora DC. 1. c. 586. 

11. B. asparagodes crispa, C. B. P. B. oleracea L. var. botrytis 

= asparagoides DC. 1. c. 

12. B. Gongylodes, C. B. P. No specimen. B. oleracea L. var. 

gongylodes L. = var. Caulo-Kapa DC. 1. c. 

13. B. lato Apii folio, C. B.P. Var. of B. oleracea L. 

14. B. angusto Apii folio, C. B. P. Var. of B. oleracea L. 

15. B. maritima arborea seu procerior ramosa, nobis. No speci- 

men. True B. oleracea L. 
209,16. B. maritima . . . monospermos, nobis. Cited Sort. Cliff. 340. 
Crambe maritima L. 

17. B. silvestris Crambe dicta, Dod. Cited in DC. Syst. ii. 588. 
B. campestris L. 

The specimen, consisting of leaves only, is probably 
B. Ifapus L., testibus White and Bucknall. 
210, 18. B. spinosa, C. B. P. No specimen. Cited by DC. Syst. ii. 646 
for Zilla myagroides Eorsk. 



PAES II. SECT. Ill 17 

19. B. campesti-is flore albo, C. B.P. Cited as var. a. of no. 4. 

Hort. Cliif. 339, Brassioa orientalis L.= Conriugia orien- 

talis Dum. 
!iO. B. campestris perfoliala fioie puipureo, C. B.P. Cited DC, 

Syst. ii. 626. Morieandia arvensis DC. 

21. B. silvestris Napobrassica dicta, nobis. No specimen. Cited 

DO. Syst. ii. 589 for Brassica campestris L. var. Napo- 
Brassica DC. 

22. B. silvestris foliis circa radioem cichoraceis asperis . . . nobis. 

Cited Hort. Cliff. 338. Turritis glabra L. = Arabia 

glabra Bernh. 
211, 23. B. silvestris foliis integris et hispidis, C. B. P. Cited DC. 

Syst. ii. 235 for Arabis Turrita L. 

The specimen is Turritis birsuta L. = Arabis Mrsuta 

Scop. 
213, 1. Rapa sativa rotunda, C. B. P. No specimen. Cited DC. Syst. 

ii. 590 for Brassica Bapa L. 

2. R. sativa oblonga seu femina, C. B. P. No specimen. Cited 

DC. 1. c. for B. Bapa L. var. oblonga. 

3. R. sjlvestris, C. B. P. No specimen. Cited by DC. 1. c. for 

B. Bapa L. var. oleifera. 
214, 1. Napus sativus Bunias, Fuch. No specimen. Cited DC. Syst. 
ii, 592 for B. Napus L. var. eseulenta. 

Caput II. Siuapi. 

P. 215, 1. Siuapi Rapae folio, C. B. P._ Cited Hort. Cliff. 338. Sinapis 
nigra L. = Brassica sinapioides Roth = Brassica nigra 
Koch. 
216, 2. S. Apii folio siliqua hirsuta . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 338. 
Sinapis alba L. = B. alba Boiss. 
8. S. Erucae folio, C. B. P. No specimen. Cited DC. Syst. ii. 
632 for Diplotaxis tenuifolia DC. 

5. S. silvestre Genevense, J. B. Chabr. Bucknall and White 

agree with me in referring this to Brucastrum obtusangulum 
Reichb. = Brassica Erucastrum L. 

6. S. Monspessulanum . . . J. B. Chabr. No specimen. Cited 

DC. Syst. ii. 473 for Sisymbrium asperum L. 

7. S. arvense praecox semine nigro, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 338. 

Sinapis arvensis L. = Brassica arvensis 0. Kuntze. 

Qaptjt III. Erysimum. 

P. 218, 1. Erysimum vulgare, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 337. The 
type with hairy fruits. Erysimum officinale L. = Sisym.- 
brium officinale Scop. 
. 2. E. polyceration.vel corniculatum, C. B. P. Cited Hort, Cliff. 
337. S. polyoeratium L. 



18 PLANTAEUM HISTOEIAE OXONIENSIS 

3. E. latifolium majus glabrum, C.B. P. S. Irio L. 

Morison mentions on p. 219, 'Passim circa Londinum 
& circa pagiim dictum Chelsey secundo ab urbe lapide, 
copioae provenientem observare licet, imo in ipsis ruderibus 
Londini post incendium quod incepit secundo die Septem- 
bris anno Dom. 1666 post octimestre spatium adeo dense 
pullulavit passim ut facile sicut Triticum aut Secale 
demeti potuerit a quovis messore ' (v. Praelud. Bot. 498). 

219, 4. B. montanum Irionia vulgaris folio . . . nobis. Cited DC. 
Syst. ii. 469. Leaves only. Sisymbrium Columnae Jacq. 
= S. orieutale L. testihus White and Bucknall. 

5. E. minimum annum hirsutum, nobis. Cited DC. Syst. ii. 223. 

Arabis hirsuta Scop. 

A sheet with Dr. Richardson's writing is inserted here : 
Barbarea muralis J. B. on the rocks nigh Malham Sf Setle 
hi Craven pretty plentiful hut in abundance upon the walls 
of Calton Hall and especially upon the Court walls an 
abundance. Calton is six miles from Skipton in Craven. 
Arabis hirsuta Scop. 

Caput IY. Nasturtinm Silictnosniu. 

P. 221, 1. Nasturtium minimum annuum flore albo, nobis. Cited in 
Hort. CHff. 336. Cardamine impatiens L. 

222,2. N. annuum Alpinum insipidum, C.B. P. An attenuated 
form of Sisymbrium arenosum L. = Arabis arenosa 
Scop. 

3. N. Alpinum minus Resedae foliis, C. B. P. No specimen. 

Cited DC. Syst. ii. 260 for Cardamine resedifolia L. 

4. N. Neapolitanum agreste flore purpureo, nobis. No speci- 

men. Cited DC. 1. c. 263 for C. cbelidonia L. 

223, 5. N. silvestre tenuissime divisum . . , nobis. Cited Hort. 
CliflF. 337. Sisymbrium Sophia L. 

6. N. pratense magno flore simplici, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 

336. Cardamine pratensis L., the pink-flowered var. 
paluBtris (Petermann). 

7. N. aquaticum supinum flore albo, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 

(fig. 8) 336. Sisymbrium Nasturtium A L. = Nasturtium 
olEcinale Br. = Radioula Nasturtiiim Druce. 
224, 8. N. aquaticum majus et amarum, C.B. P. Cited DC. Syst. ii. 
225. Cardamine amara L. 

10. N. aquaticum minus, C. B. P. No specimen. Cited DC. 

Syst. ii. 259 for C. hirsuta L. 

11. N. Alpinum palustre rotundifolium . . . nobis. No specimen. 

Cited Sp. PI. 654 for C. asarifolia L. 

12. N. Alpinum trifoliatum, nobis. Cited in Hort. Cliff 336 

(tab. 4, fig. 13). C. trifoUa L. 



PAES II. SECT. Ill 19 

225, 13. N. minus Bellidis folio, 0. B. P. No specimen. Cited DC. 
Syst. ii. 249 for Cardamine toellidifolia L. var. 
alpina DC. 

The following specimen is not mentioned in the Historia ; 
Nasturtium petraeum Camhro-Britann. Johns. Merc. Bot. 
par. alt. It grows on that part of Snowdon called y Clogioyn 
du yn yr Arden near Llanberis, D. Lloyd. Arabia petraea 
Lam. 

Caput V. Eruca. 

P. 228, 1. Eruca major sativa annua flore albo striate, J. B. Chabr. 
Cited in Hort. Cliff. 337. Brassica Eruca L. = Eruca 
sativa Mill. 

Also a sheet of the white-flo-wered form, Vanetaa prioris 
foliis latioribtcs macitlis nigns aspersis. 
4. E. Romana sive gentilis ... J. B. Chabr. Diplotaxia 
eruooides DC. testibus White and Bncknall. 

229, 6. E. silvestris latifolia . . . nobis, (tab. 5, fig. 7.) Cited Hort. 
Cliff. 337. Erysimum cheiranthoides L. 

8. E. Monspeliensis flore minimo luteo, J. B. Chabr. Cited 

in DC. Syst. ii. 635 for Diplotaxis viminea DC. Repre- 
sented by two specimens, neither of which can be 
identified. 

9. E. inodora, J. B. Chabr. (tab. 5, fig. 10.) Cited DC. 1. c. 

465 for Sisymbrium obtusangulum Schleicher = Brassica 
Erucastrum L. 

The label says flos ochroleucos est. Leaf-specimen only, 
which Bucknall and White refer to Eruoa sativa Mill. 
10. E. caerulea in arenosis nascens, C. B. P. No specimen. 
Cited DC. Syst. ii. 232, 34, for Arabia arenosa Scop. 

230,11. E. latifolia lutea seu Barbarea major, nobis. Erysimum 

Barbarea L. = Barbarea vulgaris Br. = B. lyrata Aschers. 

12. Datur et huius alia species distincta . . . B. praecox Br. = 

B. verna Aschers. 
16. E. silvestris major vulgatior foetens, nobis. Diplotaxis 
tenuifolia DC. 
231, 17. E. silvestris seu palustris minor . . . nobis. Cited DC. Syst. 
ii. 190. Nasturtium sylvestre Br. (I. K.) = Kadicula 
sylvestris Druce. 

18. E. Bellidis folio, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 337. Sisymbrium 

murale L. = Diplotaxis muralis DC. 

19. E. Tanaceti foliis, nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 659. Leaf only of 

Sisymbrium tanacetifolium L. 

20. E. maritima Anglica . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 340. 

Bunias Cakile L. = Cakile maritima Scop. In DC. Syst. 
ii. 429, cited as var. ainuatifolia DC. 
c 2 



20 PLANTARUM HISTOEIAE OXONIENSIS 

21. E. maritinia Italica, C. B. P. Cited DC. Syst. ii. 428. Cakile 
maritima Scop. 

A bad specimen which Bucknall and White name 
Sisymbrium pannonicum Jacq. = S. altisaimum L. 
232, 23. E. Chalepensis flore dilute violaceo . . . nobis. Bad specimen. 
Cited DC. Sjst. ii. 674 for Erucaria aleppica Gaertn. 
24. E. Monspeliaca siliqua quadrangula ecbinata, C. B. P. 
Cited Hort. Cliff. 340. Bunias Erucago L. 

Caput VI. Draba Siliquosa. 

P. 234, 1. Draba lutea siliquis strictissimis, C. B. P. Cited DC. 
Syst. ii. 461. Sisymbrium strictissimum L. 
3. D. siliquosa alba repens, C. B. P. Arabia alpina L. 
235, 4. D. alba siliquosa, C. B. P. No specimen. Cited DC. Syst. ii. 
216 for Arabia alpina L. 

5. D. siliquosa . . . praecox annua, nobis. Cited DC. Syst. ii. 226. 

Sisymbrium Thalianum Gay. 

6. D. oaerulea annua . . . nobis. Cited DC. Syst. ii. 441. Mal- 

comia maritima Br. = Wilckia maritima Scop. 

Caput VII. Baphanns. 

P. 236, 1. Raphanus minimus repens luteus . . . nobis. No specimen. 
Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 916 for Sisymbrium pyrenaicum L., 
and DC. Syst. ii. 190 for Nasturtium sylvestre. (See 
231, 17.) 
237, 2. R. rusticanus, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 332, 2. Coch- 
learia Armoracia L. 

3. R. aquaticus . . . C. B. P. Cited DC. Syst. ii. 191 for 

Nasturtium palustre DC. The specimen is Nasturtium 
amphibium Br. =Radicula amphibia Druce. 

4. R. aquaticus alter foliis serratis, nobis. Cited in DC. Syst. ii. 

196. Nasturtium amphibium Br. var. indivisum DC. 
= E. amphibia Druce, var. indivisa Druce. 

Caput VIII. Leucoium Sili^uosum. 

P. 240, 1. Leucoium incanum majus, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 334. 

Cheiranthus incanus L. = Mathiola inoana Br. 
3. L. incanum majus variegatum simplici flore, C. B. P. 
241, 4. L. incanum majus variegatum pleno flore, C. B. P. Nos. 3 

and 4 are forms of M. incana Br. 

5. L. maritimum latifolium annuum, nobis. No specimen. 

Cited Sp. PI. 664 for Hesperis verna L. = Arabis verna Br. 

8. L. maritimum sinuato folio, C. B. P. Cited DC. Syst. ii. 

167. Mathiola sinuata Br. 

9. L. maritimum angustifolium, C. B. P. Malcomia littorea 

Br. = Wilckia littorea Druce. 



PARS II. SECT. Ill 21 

242, 10. L. marinum saxatile Thymi folio . . . C. B. P. Cited DC. 
Syst. ii. 294. Aubrietia deltoidea DC. 

12. L. luteum montanum altum, Ponae Ital. Erysimum strictum 

Fl. Wett. = E. hieraoifolium L. (I. K.), testibus Bucknall 
and White. 

13. L. maritimum . . . siliqua tribus in summo apicibus donata, 

nobis. Cited Sp. PL 663. Cheii-anthus tricuspidatus L. = 
Mathiola tricuspidata Br. 

243, 14. L. flore albo siliquis uno versu dispositis et reflexis, nobiSk 
Arabia Turrita L. testibus Bucknall and White. 

15. L. flore albo odoratissimo . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 334. 
Cheiranthus Cheiri L. 

244, 18. L. silvestre angustifolium, C. B. P. Represented liy two 
specimens : one Erysimum hieracifolium L. ; the other 
(testibus Bucknall and White) E. Cheiranthus Pers. 

22. L. luteum majus pleno flore, C. B. P. CheiranthuB Cheiri 
L. flore pleno. 

Bobart has here inserted a sheet with Dr. Richardson's 
note ; Pilosellae similin sed major perennis alpiiia repeiis D. 
Llwijd . . . on the rocks of phynon vellon nigh Llanperis. 
Draba incana L. 

Also a sheet labelled Leucojum vasculo sublongo intofto 
humilius etperenne D. Richardson, May IS, 1712. In summis 
ntpibiis Husvae dictis D. Llwyd, Carnarvonshire. Also 
another sheet from Richardson with the remark, it is not 
uncommon upon the limestone rocks nigh Setle (Settle). / 
have found it iti a place called Ashwood nigh Buxton in 
Derbyshire, it flowers about the end of June whereas the 
Welsh one flowers in March : both being Draba incana L. 

245, 1. L. lunatum seu lunarium latifolium . . . nobis. Cited DC. 

Syst. ii. 283, Lionaria biennis Moench. 

246, 2. L. lunatum . . . flore albo . . . nobis. No specimen. Cited 

DC. Syst. 282 for L. biennis var. albiflora DC. 

3. L. majus perenne siliqua lunata longa mucronata, nobis. 

Cited Hort. Cliff. 383 and DC. Syst ii. 281. L. redi- 
viva L. 

4. L. asperum siliquis asperis clypeiformibus, nobis. Cited DC. 

Syst. ii. 289. Alyssum clypeatum L. = Farsetia cly- 
peata Br. 

247, 5. L. Alyssoides clypeatum minus, C. B. P. No specimen. 

Cited DC. Syst. ii. 292 for Berteroa obliqua DC. = Alys- 
sum mutabile Vent. 

6. L. incanum siliquis tumidis, snbrotundis, nobis. No speci- 
men. Cited DC. Syst. ii. 298 for Vesicaria sinuata Cav. = 
A. sinuatum L. 



22 PLANTARUM HISTORIAE OXOXIENSIS 

7. L. montanum flore pedato, Col. No specimen. Cited DC. 

Syst. ii. 408, for Biscutella hispida DC. = B. cichoriifolia 

Lois. (I. K.), 

248, 9. L. clypeatum Serpilli folio, nobis. Clypeola Jonthlaspi L. 

10 et 11. L. biscutatum asperum . . . C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 

329. Biscutella didyma L, 

Bucknall and White refer one specimen to B. auricu- 
lata L., and a second to B. laevigata L. 

249, 12. L. biscutatum asperum minus, C. B. P. No specimen. Cited 
DC. Syst. ii. 412 for Biscutella Columnae Tenore = B. di- 
dyma L. 

Caput IX. Hesperis sea Viola matroualis. 

P. 251, 1. Hesperis hortensis, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 335. He- 
speris matronalis L. Also a sheet flore candido. 

2. H. hortensis flore viridi seu abortivo, nobis. No specimen. 

Cited DC. Syst. ii. 451 for H. matronalis L. var. folii- 
flora DC. 

252, 3. H. montana pallida odoratissima, C. B. P. Cited Hort. 
Cliff. 335 and DC. Syst. 447. Hesperis tristis L. 

4. H. peregrina siliquis articulatis, C. B. P. No specimen. 

Cited in DC. Syst. ii. 185 for Cheiranthus ? syriacus DC, 
which is put as a synonym of Conringia orientalis in 
Index Kewensis, but surely in error, since neither the 
description nor the figure resembles the latter plant. 

5. H. saxatilis flore ex viridi purpurante . . . nobis. Hesperis 

laciniata All. testibus Bucknall and White. 

6. H. Allium redolens, nobis. Cited DC. Syst. ii. 489. AUiaria 

ofiBcinalis Andrj. = Sisymbrium AUiaria Scop. 

Caput. X. Dentaria. 

P. 254, 1. Dentaria triphyllos, C. B. P. No specimen. Cited DC. 
Syst. ii. 272 for Dentaria enneaphylla L. = Cardamine 
enneaphylla Br. 

255, 2. D. pentaphyllos, C. B. P. Cited DC. Syst. ii. 276. D. digi- 
tata Lam. = C. digitata (Lam.). 

(Lamarck's species is erroneously referred to C. pratensis 
L. in Index Kewensis.) 

3. D. vii mvTd(j)v\\os, 2. Clus. Hist. Cited DC. Syst. ii. 277. 

D. digitata Lam. = C. digitata (Lam.) Sohulz. 

4. D. heptaphyllos, C. B. P. Cited DC. Syst. ii. 277, • non vero 

icon.' for D. pinnata Lam. = C. pinnata Br. 
The specimen is C. bulbifsra Crantz. 

5 D. heptaphyllos sobolifera, nobis. D. bulbifera L. = C. bul- 
bifera Crantz. 



PABS II. SECT. Ill 23 

6. D. baccifera foliis PtaiTaioae, C. B. P. No specimen. Cited 
DC. Syst. ii. 278 for D. bulbifera L. var. ptarmicaefolia 
DC. = C. bulbifera Cr. var. ptarmiciifolia. 

Caput XI. Chelidouinm majns. 

P. 257, 1. Chelidonium maximum Canadense, Cornut. Cited Sp. PI. 
505. Sanguinaria canadensis L. 
It was cultivated in Britain prior to 1680. 

2. C. majus vulgare, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 201. Cheli- 

donium majus L. 

3. C. majus laeiniato flore et foliis quernis, C. B. P. et Prod. 

C. majus L. var. 
258, 4. C. majus foliis tenuissime . . . dissectis . . . nobis. C. majus 
L. var. laciniata Stokes. 

Caput XII. Siliciuosae Bivalves, & aliae, variae siliquis, 
floribas aatem inter se conformes (Fumaria sive Capnos). 

P. 259, 1. Fumaria siliquosa sempervirens, Com. No specimen. 
Cited Sp. PI. 700 for Fumaria sempervirens L. = Capnoides 
sempervirens Borckh. 

260, 2. F. siliquosa bivalvis . . . sine claviculis flore albo, nobis. 

Corydalis lutea DC. = Capnoides lutea Gaertn. 

3. F. claviculis donata, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. 701. F. clavicu- 

lata L. = C. claviculata Druce. 

4. F. lutea montana, Park. Cited Hort. Cliff. 852. F. Cap- 

noides L. = C. lutea Gaertn. 

261, 6. F. tuberosa major radice cava, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 

351. P. bulbosa L. = C. bulbosa (L.). 

8. F. tuberosa minor Radice non cava, nobis. No specimen. 

Cited by DC. Syst. Nat. ii. 120 for Corydalis bulbosa = 
Capnoides sollda Moench. 

9. F. vulgaris latifolia . . ., nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 352. 

F. officinalis L. 

10. F. major scandens foliorum pediculis flore majore pallidiore, 

nobis. Cited DC. Syst. ii. 133, 4, for P. capreolata. The 
specimen, teste Dr. Stapf, is F. apiculata Lange. 

11. F. vulgaris minor tenuifolia, nobis. F. parviflora Lam. 
262,13. P. minor tenuifolia praecox . . . nobis. No specimen. Cited 

Sp. PL 701 for F. spicata L. 

Caput XIII. Siliciuosae Tetrapetalae fnugosae non bivalves 
nee 'bicapTilares (Eapbanus seu Eadicula). 

P. 265, 1. Eaphanus niger major rotundus, nobis. Cited DC. Syst. ii. 
665. Baphanus sativus L. var. rotundus DC. 



24 PLANTAKUM HISTOEIAE OXONIENSIS 

2. Hujus est et altera species. No specimen. Cited DC. Syst. ii. 

665 for K. sativus L. var. vulgaris DC. 

3. R. magnus sativus, C. B. P. R. sativus L. 

4. R. minor oblongus, C. B. P. No specimen. Cited Hort. Cliff. 

340. R. sativus L. 
1 et 2. Raphanistrum siliqua articulata . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 
340. Raphanus Raphanistrum L. 

266, 3. R. minimum Monspeliensis . . . nobis. No specimen. Cited 

DC. Syst. ii. 667 as a form of R. Raphanistrum L. 

5. R. siliqua articulata striata maxima, nobis. No specimen. 

Cited DC. Syst. ii. 668 for R. maritimus Sm. 
1. R. monospermum maximum rotundifolium, Cornut. Cited 
Sp. PI. 671. Crambe hispanica L. 

267, 3. R. monospermon capsulis striatis . . . nobis. Cited Hort. 

Cliff. 340. Myagrum perenne L. = Rapistrum perenne 
Bergeret. 

The specimen is, as DC. Syst. ii. 432 cites it, R. rugosum 
Bergeret. 

4. R. monospermon latifolium . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 640, 

Myagrum perfoliatum L. 

5. R. siliqua minora, rotunda . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 328. 

Myagrum paniculatum L. = Vogelia paniculata Horn. = 
Neslia paniculata Desv. 

Caput XIY. Siliqnosae Tetrapetalae qnadricapsnlares 

(Lysimachia). 

P. 269, 1. Lysimacbia latifolia dicta Chamaenerion, C. B. P. Also a 
slieet of white-flowered specimens. Cited Hort. Cliff. 145. 
Epilobium angustifolium L. 
270,2. L. angustifolia dicta Chamaenerion, C. B. P. E. rosmarini- 
folium Haenke = E. Dodonaei Vill. 

3. L. siliquosa hirsuta magno flore, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 

145. E. hirsutum L. 

4. L. siliquosa hirsuta parvo flore, C. B.P. E. parviflprum 

Schreber. 

5. L. siliquosa glabra major, C. B. P. E. montanum L. 

271, 6. L. siliquosa glabra minor, C. B. P. E. adnatum Griseb. E. te- 
tragonum L., testlhus White and Bucknall. 
7. L. lutea cornioulata non papposa Virginiana major, nobis. 
Cited Sp. PI. 346. Oenothera biennis L. 

Caput XV. Siliqnosae Tetrapetalae, bi-, tri-, quadri-, 
multi-capsulares (Papaver). 
P. 273, 1. Papaver corniculatum luteum, Diosc. Cited Hort. Cliff. 
201. Chelidonium Glaucium L. = Glaucium flavum 
Crantz. 



PARS ir. SECT. Ill 25 

2. p. corniculatum Phoeniceum hirsutum, C. B. P. Gf. Phoeni- 

ceum Crantz = G. corniculatum Curtis. 

274, 3. P. cornutum flore violaoeo, Gesn. Cited Hovt. ClifF. 201. 

Chelidonium hybridum L. = Boemeria hybrida DC. 
1. P. capitatuin vulgare . . . nobis. No specimen. Cited Hort. 
Cliff. 200. Papaver somniferum L. 

275, 2. P. hortense simplex semine albo, nobis. P. somniferum I;. 

var. hortense (Huss.). 

3. P. hortense simplex semine nigro, nobis. Multiplex laciniatis 

floribus C.B. P. 111. P. somniferum L. forma. 

277. P. spinosum luteum . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 509. Arge- 

mone mexicana L. 
6. P. erraticum majus seu Poi'ay, Diosc. Cited Hort. Cliff. 201. 
Papaver Khoeas L. 

278, 9. Argemone capitulo hirsute rotundo . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 

506. P. hybridum L. 

10. A. capitulo tenuiore longiore hirsute, nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 

507. P. Argemone L. 

279, 11. A. capitulo longiore glabro, nobis. Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 726. 

P. dubium L. 

12. A. Cambrobritannica lutea . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PL 508. P. 

cambricum L. = Meconopsis cambriea Vig. 

13. A. Coriandri folio, C. B.P. No specimen. Cited DC. Syst. 

ii. 70 for Papaver pyrenaicum Willd. = P. nudicaule L. 
1. Hypeeoon siliquis erectis artioulatis incurvis, nobis. Hype- 
coum procumbens L. 

280, 2. H. siliquis propendentibus . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 124. 

H. pendulum L. 

Caput XYI. Siliquosae IKEulticapsulares variantes & 
floribus & capsulis. 

P. 281, 1. Herba impatiens seu Noli me tangere flore patulo ele- 
ganter dilute rubente, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 428. Impa- 
tiens Balsamina L., also flore alio. 

282. 2. Impatiens herba seu Noli me tangere flore patulo luteo, 

nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 428. I. Noli-tangere L. 
8. Sesamum, Matth. Cited Hort. Cliff. 318. Sesamum orien- 
tale L. = S. indicum L. (I. K.). 

283. Corchorus Plinii, Lob. (sive Melochia). Cited Hort. Cliff. 2C9. 

Corchorus olitorius L. 

284. Capparis Portulaeae folio, C.B.P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 160. 

Zygophyllum Fabago L. 

285. Leontopetalon, Ad. Lob. Cited DC. Syst. ii. 25. Leontice 

lieoutopetalum L. 



26 PLANTAR^JM HISTORIAE OXONIENSIS 

Leontopetalo affinis foliis quemis, C. B. P. No specimen. 
Cited Sp. PI. 312 for Leontice Chiysogonmn L. = Bongardia 
Eauwolfii C. A. May. (I. K ) = B. Chrysogonum Bolus. 

1. Soldanella Alpina rotundifolia major, nobis. No specimen. 

Cited Sp. PI. 144 for Soldanella alpina L. 
286, 2. S. Alpina minor . . . nobis. S. alpina L. 

Isatis sativa vel latifolia, 0. B. P. No specimen. Cited Hort. 
Cliff. 341. Isatis tinctoria L. 

Appendix ad Tetrapetalas Silic[iiosas Bivalves. 

P. 288, 1. Pentaphyllum peregrinum siliquosum bivalve minus, nobis. 
With Indian name Veruy marrum. Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 
938. Cleome pentaphylla L. = Qynandxopsis penta- 
pliylla DC. 

2. P. peregrinum siliquosum bivalve majus, nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 

ed. ii. 938. Cleome heptaphylla L. 

Distribiitio Secunda : Siliculosae Teteapetalae 

BiCAPSULAEES. 

Caput XVII. TUaspi discoides. 

P. 291, 1. Thlaspi Alyssum dictum maritimum, C. B. P. No speci- 
men. Cited DC. Syst. ii. 318 for Alyssiun maritimum 
Lam. 

2. T. . . . campestre majus, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 329. 

Alyssum calycinum L. = A. alyssoides L. 
The specimen appears to be A. Mrsutum Bieb. 

3. T campestre minus, C.B.P. Cited in DC. Syst. ii. 314. 

A. campestre L. 

292, 4. T. fruticosum spinosum, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 332. 

A. spinosum L. 

5. T. montanum incanum luteum majus . . . C. B. P. Cited DC. 

Syst. ii. 309. A. montanum L. 

6. T. saxatile incanum luteum minus ... C.B.P. Cited Hort. 

Cliff. 333. A. sinuatum L. 

7. T. incanum flore albo . . . J. B. Chabr. Cited Hort. Cliff. 332. 

A. incanum L. 

293, 9. T. Alpinum majus capitulis rotundis, C.B.P. Cited DC. 

Syst. ii. 359 for Cochlearia saxatilis L. 
The specimen is Thlaspi alpestre L. 

10. T. Alpinum minus . . . foliis integris, nobis. No specimen. 

Cited DC. Syst. 1. c. for Coohlearia saxatilis L. 

11. T. Alpinum minus . . . foliis serratis, nobis. Probably Alys- 

sum serpyllifolium Desf. 



PARS 11. SECT. Ill 27 

12. T. arvense siliculis latis, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 830. 2. 

Thlaspi arvense L. 

13. T. arvense Vaccariae seu Acetosae . . . folio, nobis. Cited in 

DC. Syst. ii. 535 for Lepidium campestre Br. var. sub- 
glabrum DC. 
The specimen ia too imperfect to determine. 
294, 14. T. arvense majus . . . C. B. P. Cited DC. 1. c. and Hort. Cliff. 
330. Ii. campestre Br. 

15. T. arvense perfoliatum majus, C. B. P. Cited DC. Syst. ii. 378. 

Thlaspi perfoliatum L. 

16. T. arvense perfoliatum minus, C. B. P. Neer 3 miles heyond 

Witney hy the stone pits next the road towards Butford at 
a round Hillock about 6 or 8 foot high : the classic Oxford 
locality where the plant -was first found by Bobart. 
It is a small form of Thlaspi perfoliatum L. See DC. 
Syst. ii. 378. 

17. T. spicatum Persicum perfoliatum . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 

643. Lepidium perfoliatum L. 
295,18. T. umbellatum arvense Iberidis folio, C. B.P. Cited DC. 
Syst. ii. 398. Iberis armara L. 

19. T. arvense umbellatum Monspeliacum Nasturtii folio, C. B. P. 

Cited DC. 1. c. 399. I. pinnata L. 

20. T. Allobrogicum parvum odorato flore, nobis. Cited DC. 

1. c. 400. I. odorata L. 

21. T. umbellatum Creticum Iberidis folio, C.B. P. Cited Hort. 

Cliff. 330. I. umbellata L. 
296, 23. T. frutioosum umbellatum Persicum foliis . . . serapervirenti- 
bus, nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 648. I. semperflorens L. 

24. T. Alpinum Bellidis caeruleae folio, C. B.P. Cited DC. 

Syst. ii. 379. Thlaspi montanum L. 

25. T. montanum mitius rotundis . . . foliis . . . nobis. Thlaspi 

foliis Globulariae J. B. 926. Cited DC. 1. c. 380. Thlaspi 
alpestre L. 
297, 26. T. montanum sempervirens, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 330, 
Iberis sempervirens L. ; and DC. Syst. ii. 397, I. Gar- 
rexiana DC. = I. saxatilis L. (I. K.). 

27. T. villosum capsulis hireutis, C. B. P. Cited DC. Syst. ii. 536. 

Lepidium hirtum DC. 

28. T. Allium reddens, nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 646. Thlaspi 

alliaceum L. 

29. T. parvum saxatile flore rubfnte, C.B. P. Cited DC. Syst. ii. 

558 for Aethionema saxatile Br. = Aethionema peregri- 
num (L.). 

30. T. peregrinum capsula cordata, J. B. Chabr. Cited Sp. PL 646 

for Thlaspi peregrinum L. = Ae. peregrinum (L.) var. 
obtusifolium (DC. Syst. ii. 558). 



28 PLANTARUM HISTOEIAE OXONIENSIS 

298, 32. T. fruticosum angustifolium Leucoii folio, C. B. P. Park. 
Cited DC. Syst. ii. 396. Iberis saxatilis L. 

33. T. fruticosum folio Thymbrae hirsuto, C. B. P. Cited DC. 

1. c. I. saxatilis L. var. thymbraefolia. 

34. T. montanum monospeiinutn Glasti folio . . . nobis. No 

specimen. Cited DC. Syst. ii. 329 for Peltaria alliacea 
Jacq. 

Caput XVIII. Wasturtinm SilicTdoSTun. 

P. 300, 1. Nasturtium vulgare . . . hortense . . . nobis. Cited Hort. 
Cliff. 331. Lepidium sativum L. 

301, 2. N. hortense latifolium, C. B. P. Cited DC. Syst. ii. 534. L. sa- 

tivum L. var. latifolium DC. 
3 and 4. N. hortense crispum latifolium, nobis, C. B. P. (et angusti- 
folium). Cited DC. Syst. ii. 534. L. sativum L. var. 
crispum DC. 

5. N. petraeum foliis Bursae pastoris, C. B. P. Cited DC. Syst. 

ii. 392. Teesdalia Iberis DC. = Teesdalea nudicaulis Br. 

6. N. pumilum vernum, C B. P. No specimen. Cited DC. 

Syst. ii. 389 for Lepidium petraeum L. = Hutehinsia 
petraea Br. 

7. N. silvestre Osyridis folio capsulis minimis, nobis. No speci- 

men. Cited Hort. CHff. 331, and DC. 1. c. 540 for Lepidium 
ruderale L. 

8. N. silvestre Eracae aflBne, C. B. P. No specimen. Cited 

Hort. Cliff. 329, Vella annua L. = Carrichtera Vella DC. 
Syst. ii. 642 = C. annua (L.) Prantl. 

302, 9. N. verrucosum . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 332. Cochlearia 

Coronopus L. = Coronopus Ruellii AIL = C. procumbens 
Gilib. 

10. N. Alpinum tenuissime divisum, C. B. P. Cited DC. Syst. ii. 

389. Hutohinsia alpina Br. 

11. N. Alpinum capsula Nasturtii hortensis, nobis. No speci- 

men. Cited DC. Syst. ii. 558 for Aethionema saxatile Br.= 
Ae. peregrinum (L.). 

Caput XX. Bursa pastoris. 

P. 304, 1. Bursa pastoris major ... nobis. Cited DC. Svst. ii. 384 
Capsella Bursa pastoris var. integrifolia DC. = Bursa 
pastoris var. integrifolia Druce. 
2. B. . . . foliis laciniatis . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 330. 
Thlaspi Bursa pastoris L. = Bursa pastoris Weber. 

305, 4. B. . . . minor foliis alatis . . . nobis. Two sheets. Cited 
Hort. Cliff. 330. Iberis nudicaulis L. = Teesdalea nudi- 
caulis Br. 



PARS n. SECT, in 29 

5. B. . . . major hirsuta eapsula oblonga, nobis. Cited DC. Syst. 

ii. 352. 49. Drataa muralis L. 

6. B minor looulo oblongo, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 333. 

Draba verna L. = Eropliila verna Meyer. 

306, 7. B. . . . minor foliis trifidis . . . nobis. No specimen. Cited 

Hort. Cliff. 333. Erophila verna Meyer. 
S. B. . . . Alpina minor hirsuta . . . nobis. No specimen. Cited 

DC. 1. c. 346 for Draba stellata Jacq. 
9. B. . . . Alpina Rosea lutea . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 642 for 

Draba alpina L., and by DC. 1. c. 333 for 1). Aizoides L. 

The specimen is D. Aizoon Wahl. var. lasiocarpa 

(Eochel). 

Caput XXI, CocMearia. 

P. 308, 1. Cochlearia major Batavica subrotundo folio, nobis. Cited 
Hort. Cliff. 332. Cochlearia officinalis L. 
2, C. Brittanica folio sinuato, nobis. Leaves only. Cited DC. 
Syst. ii. 364. C. anglioa L. 

309, 3. C, Hederae folio, nobis, C. danica L. 

5. C. minor erecta Danica, Sim. Pauli. C. danica L. 

6. C. Danica procurabens, nobis. No specimen. Cited DC. 

Syst. 366 for C. danica L. 

Caput XXII. Tberis. 

P. 311, 1. Iberis latiore folio serrato, nobis. Cited DC. Syst. ii. 550. 
Lepidium Iberis L. 

2. I. humilior annua Virginiana . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 645. 
Ii. Virginicum L. 

Caput XXIII. Lepidium. 
P. 312, 1. Lepidium Plinianum, Dod. Cited Hort. Cliff. 331. L. lati- 
folium L. 

2. L. maximum Chalepense . . . nobis. Undetermined. 

3. L. glastifolium perenne, nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 648. Cocli- 

learia glastifolia L. 

Caput XXIV. Draba Silicnlosa. 

P. 313, 1. Draba umbellata . . . C. B. P. Cited Sp. PL ed. ii. 904. 
Cochlearia Draba Ij. = Lepidium Draba L. 
314, 2. D. Chalepensis repens humilior . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PL ed. ii. 
898. Lepidium chalepense L., and DC. Syst. ii. 530. li. cha- 
lepense L. var. glabratum DC. 



30 PLANTARUM HISTOEIAE OXONIENSIS 

Caput XXV. Myagrum. 

P. 314, 1. Myagrum majus seu sativum, nobis. Cited DC. Syst. iii. 
515. Camelina sativa Crantz. 
315, 2. M. minoiibus capitulis seu silvestre, nobis. Camelina sp. 

Caput XXVI. Veronica. 

P. 317, 1. Veronica spicata major recta caerulea, nobis. Cited 
Hort. Cliff. 7. V. maritima L., now merged into V. longi- 
folia L. 
2. V. major latifoHa erecta, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 8. V. 
spicata L. var. p. 

The Uistoria cites V. spicata latifolia C. B. P., which is 
referred in Sp. PI. 13 to V. longifolia L. However, the 
specimen is probably a garden hybrid allied to V. spuria L. 

318, 3. V. angustifolia recta minor vulgaris, nobis. Under V. spi- 

cata L. 
4. V. angustifolia recta minima, nobis. V. spicata L. 
7. V. supina vulgaris foliis serratis, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 8. 

V. ofBcinalis L. 

319, 8. V. pratensis Serpjlliiolio, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 9. 

V. ssrpyllifolia L. 
10. V. major frutescens altera, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 8. 
V. latifolia L. 

320, 12. V. minor foliis imis rotundioribus, nobis. Also a specimpn 
with varifgated leaves, foliis ex albo, ruht-o et viridi ele- 
ganter variegatis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 7. V. Chamae- 
drys L. 

321, 15. V. rotundifolia . . . Hederae folio, nobis. V. montana L. 

322, 19. V. terrestris annua folio Polygoni nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 14. 
v. peregrina L. 

20. V. Hederulae folio, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 9. V. hederi- 

folia L. 

21. V. flosculis cauliculis adhaerentibus, nobis. Cited Hort. 

Cliff. 9. V. arvensis L. 

22. V. flosculis pediculis insidentibus Chamaedi-yos folio, nobis. 

Cited Hort. Cliff. 9. V. agrestis L. 

323, 23. V. caerulea triphyllos . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 9. 
v. triphyllos L. 
24. V. aquatica major folio subrotundo, nobis. V. Becca- 
bunga L. 

26. V. aquatica folio subrotundo non crenato, nobis. No speci- 

men. Cited Hort. Cliff. 51. Samolus Valerandi L. 

27. V. aquatica angustifolia . . . nobis. V. scutellata L. 



PARS II. SECT. III-IV 31 

324,28. Planta heteroelita rotundifolia minus crenata Becabungae 
foliis pentapetala capsula Alsines quinquifida, nobis. 
Discovered by Bobai-t near Cowley. Cited Sp. PI. 172. 
Samolus Valerandi L. 

Caput XXVII. Polygala Tetrapetala. 

P. 326, 1. Polygala tetrapetala siliculosa bicapsularis major, nobis. 
Cited Hort. Cliff. 352. Polygala vulgaris L. 

2. P. . . . minor, nobis. P. vulgaris L. 

Caput XXVIII. Appendix ad Sectionem Tertiam. 

327, 1. Ehapbanistrura monospermum . . ., nobis. Cited DC. Syst. ii. 
421. Euclidium syriacum Br. = Soria syriaea Desv. 

323, 2. Thlaspi Rosa de Hiericho dictum, nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 642 
[wrong reference] and DC. Syst. ii. 424. Anastatica 
Merochuntica L. 

Sectio IV. De Hexapetalis Teicapsularibus. 

Bistributio Prima : Eadicibus tuberosis fusiformibus, nodosis 
fibrosisque. 

Caput I. Asphodelus. 

330, 1. Asphodelus albus ramosus, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 127, 2. 

Asphodelus ramosus L. 

331, 5. A. . . . minor ramosus flore albo, nobis. A. flstulosus L. 

6. A. . • . non ramosus luteus et flore et radioe, nobis. Cited 
Hort. Cliff. 127. A. luteus L. = Asphodeline lutea 
Reiohb. 

332, 7. A. minimus luteus palustris Acori folio. Ad. Lob. Narthe- 

oium ossifragum Huds. 

8. Pseudo-asphodelus pumilio Iridis foliis, Clus. Pan. Pseuclo- 
asphodelus Alpinus, Bauh. 

The specimen is Tofleldla oalyoulata "Wahlb., and this 
accords with Bauhin's synonym ; but the locality given by 
Morison in the Historia and Lobel's synonym quoted by 
him {Pseudo-asphodelus Lancastriensis) refer to Narthecium 
ossifragum ; he does not seem to have quite clearly dis- 
tinguished the two species. 

Caput II. Fhalanginm. 

333, 1. Phalangium Allobrogicum . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 128. 

Anthericum Liliastrum L. = Paradisea Liliastrum Bert. 



32 PLANTARUM HISTOEIAE OXONIENSIS 

2. P. parvo flore ramosum, C. B. P. Antherioum ramosum L. 

3. P. parvo flore non ramosum, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. 310. 

Antherioum liiliago L. 

Bistributio Secunda : Eadicibus tuberosis rotundis. 
Caput III. Crocus, 

P. 335, 1. Crocus Autumnalis sativus , . . nobis. Croons sativus L., 
and other species. 

336, 3. C. vernus latifolius flore purpureo magno, C. B. P. Crocus 
aureus Sibth. & Sm. = C. moesiacus Ker-Gawl., teate 
J. G. Baker. 

4. C. . . . purpureus variegatus, C. B. P. C. vernus All., tesfe 

J. G. Baker. 

5. C. . . . albus variegatus, C. B. P. C. vernus All., teste J. G. 

Baker. 
7. C. . . . flavo vario flore vel Crooi verni 7™' alia species, Clus. 
Hist. C. vermis latifol. flo. caei-uUo lineis violaceis variegato 
C. B. 66. 

The specimens are chiefly C. praecox Haw. = C. biflorua 
Mill. 

Caput IY. ColcMcam. 

P. 340, 1. Colchicum commune, C. B. P. Cited Hoii. Cliff. 140. 

Colchicum autumnale L. 
341, 4. C. Chioense floribus Fritillariae instar tessulatis . . . nobis. 
Cited Sp. PI. 342 and Bot. Mag. t. 1028. C. variega- 
tum L. 

342,12. Colchiconarcissus autumnalis luteus major, nobis. Stern- 
bergia lutea Ker-Gawl. 

Caput V. Gladiolus. 

P. 343, 2. Gladiolus major Bizantinus, C. B. P. Gladiolus byzan- 
tinus Miller. 
4. G. major floribus uno versu dispositis, C. B. P. Cited Bot, 

Mag. t. 719. G. segetum Ker-Gawl. 
7. G. Indious e violaceo fuscus radice tuberosa, nobis. No 
specimen. Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 1854 for Perraria imdu- 
lata L. 
7 [bis]. G. stagnalis aut lacustris Dortmanni, Clus. Lobelia Dort» 
manna L. 

Caput VI. Bens Cauiuus, 

P. 344, 1. Dens canis . . . flore purpurascente, nobis. Cited Hort, 
Cliff. 119. Erythronium Dens-Canis L. 



PARS II. SKCT. IV 33 



Caput VII. Sisyrinchium. 

Caput VIII. Xyris Iris tuberosa. 

P. 348, 1. Iris tuberosa folio anguloso . . . nobis. No Bpeoimen. 
Cited Sp. PL 40 for Iris tuberosa L. = Hermodaotylus 
tuberosus Mill. 

349, 2. Xyris vel Iris agria foetida, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 18. 
Iris foetidissima L. 

351, 5. I. alba Plorentina, C. B. P. No specimen. Cited Bot. Mag. 

t. 671 for I. florentina L. 
6. I. Susiana flore maximo ex albo nigricante, G. B. P. No 
specimen. Cited Sp. PI. 38 for I. susiana L. 

352, 7. I. major Asiatica caerulea sive 2 Clus. Hist. Cited Bot. Mag. 

t. 685. I. pallida Lam. 
8. I. Dalmatica flore purpureo dilutiore, J. B. 

The specimen is labelled Dalmatica maj., and is 
I. pallida Lam., teste M. Foster. 

352, 9. I. latifolia Pannonioa colore multiplici, C. B. P. I. varie- 

gata L., teste M. Foster. 

353, 11. I. palustris lutea . . . J. B. Chabr. No specimen. Cited 

Hort. Clift'. 19. I. Pseud-acorus L. 

354, 13. I. tuberosa pratensis angustifolia ... C. B. P. I. sibirioa 
L., teste M. Poster. 
15. Chamaeiris latifolia minor iiore purpureo, C. B. P. No speci- 
men. Cited Hort. Cliff. 191. Iris pumila L. 

355, 16. Cbamaeiris angustifolia. Tab. The specimen is labelled IHs 
angustifolia Pnmum redole-iis minor C. B. P. 33. I. grami- 
nea L., teste M. Foster. 

Distributio Tertia : Eadicibus bulbosis proprie dictis. 

Caput IX. Iris Bulbosa. 

P. 357, 2. I. . . . praecox minus odoraPersica variegata, nobis. Cited 
Bot. Mag. t. 1. Iris persica L. 

358, 5. I. . . . lutea inodora major, C. B. P. No specimen. Cited 
Bot. Mag. t. 679 for I. lusitanica Ker-Gawl. 

Caput X. Narcissus. 

P. 362, 4. Narcissus de Argier polyanthos totus luteus, Eyst. N. Ta- 
zetta L. forma, probably N. italioa Sims, teste J. G. 
Baker. 



34 PLANTAHUM HISTOEIAE 0X0NIENSI9 

6. N major juncifolius, EyBt. It is doubtful if the specimen is 

in its right place here ; one sheet is without Bobart's label. 
Mr. Baker determines it as N. incomparabilis Miller, 
but I do not recognize it. 

7. N. juncifolius luteus minor, C. B. P. If. Jonquilla L., teste 

J. G. Baker. 
12. N. luteus repens, C. B.P. K". Pseudo-narcissus L., teste 

J. G. Baker. 
383, 15. N. montanus juncifolius calice aureo, C. B. P. Cited Hort. 

ClifiF. 134. Narcissus Bulbocodium L. 
18. N. totus niveus multiplex, C. B. P. N". poeticus L., flore 

pleno. 

21. N. luteus silvestris duplici et triplici tube aureo, C. B. P. 

IT. major Curtis, teste J. G. Baker. 

22. N. juncifolius luteus fiore pleno, Eyst. M". Jonquilla L. 

flore pleno, teste J. G. Baker. 
364, 23. Leucoium bulbosum minus praecox . . . nobis. Cited Hort. 
Cliff. 134. Qalanthus nivalis L. 
Also a specimen flore pleno. 

25. L. . . . praecox majus . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 134. 

Iieucojum vemum L. 

26. L. . . . serotinum majus . . . nobis. L. aestivum L. 
365,28. Lilionarcissus albus maritimus minor, nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 

291. Pancratium maritimum L. 
366, 30. L. Indicus pumilus monanthos albus . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 
292 [wrong ref.] and Bot. Mag. t. 239. Amaryllis Ata- 
masca L. = Zephyranthes Atamasco Herb. 
81. L. Jacobaeus latifolius Indicus . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 
135. Amaryllis formosissima L. = Sprekelia formoais- 
sima Herb. 

367, 33. L. Japonicus rutilo flore, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 135. 

Amaryllis sarniensis L. = ITerine sarniensis Herb. 

368, 35. L. Indicus maximus . . . nobis. No specimen. Cited Sp. PI. 

294 for Amaryllis orientaJis L. = Brunsvigia gigantea 
Heist. = B. orientalis Ait. 

Caput XI. Hyacinthus. 

371,1. Hyacinthus major comosus purpureas, C. B.P. Musoari 
oomosum Mill. 

2. H. comosus panicula caei-ulea, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 126. 
Hyacinthus monstrosus L. = M. comosum Mill. var. 
monstrosum (Mill.). 

372, 3. H. racemosus major . . . arbuteo flore caeruleo, nobis. 
M. botryoides Mill. 

Another sheet, labelled H. racemosus caeruleus major 
C. B. P., is M raoemosum Mill. 



PARS II. SECT. IV 35 

6 and 7. H. racemosus . . . obsoleto albo flore, nobis. Cited 
Hort. Cliif. 126. Hyacinthus Muscari L. = M. mosohatum 
Willd. 

373,8. H. major caeruleo oblongo pendulo Acre, C. B.P. Cited 
Hort. Cliff. 125. Hyacinthus non-scriptus L. = Scilla 
non-soripta Link & Hoffmg. 
10, 11, 12, 13. H. Orientalis, Dod. Matth. Lug. Clus. Hist. Cited 
Hort. Cliff. 125. Hyacintlius orientalis L. 
374, 15. H. stellaris Germanicus praecox bifolius . . . nobis et C. B. P. 
No specimen. Cited Hort. Cliff. 123. Scilla bifolia L. 

16. H. stellaris spicatus . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 123 and 

Bot. Mag. 663. S. italica L. 

17. H. stellaris caulibus pluribus . . . nobis. No specimen. Cited 

Hort. Cliff. 123, and Bot. Mag. t. 341 for S. amoena L. 

18. H. stellaris autumnalis major, C. B. P. Soilla autum- 

nalis L. 

375,19. H. stellatus Peruvianus . . . nobis. S. peruviana L. 

21. H. stellaris foliisetradice Lilii,C. B.P. No specimen. Cited 
Hort. Cliff. 123. S. Lilio-Hyacinthus L. 

376,22. H. Indicus tuberosa radice, Clus. Hist. Cited Hort. Cliff. 126. 
Folianthes tuberosa L.' 



Caput XII. Ornithogaliim. 

P. 378, 1. Omithogalum umbellatum maximum Arabicum . . . nobis 
O. arabicum L. 

3. 0. umbellatum minus candidum vulgare, nobis. Cited Hort. 

Cliff'. 124. O. umbellatum L. 

4. 0. spicatum maximum floribus albis . . . nobis. O. lati- 

folium L. 

379, 5. O. spicatum majus angustifolium . . . nobis. O. latifolium 
L., teste J. G. Baker; but the statement in the Histona, 
' provenit sponte primo a capita Blaesensium lapide in 
sylva caedua dicta le Coste de Chaile,' rather suggests 0. 
narbonense L. 

7. 0. spicatum majus Pannonicum . . . nobis. O. narbonense 

L., teste J. G. Baker. 

8. 0. exoticum seu Neopolitanum . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 

124. O. nutans L. 

380, 10. 0. Indicum latifolium iloriferum sphaericum . . . nobis. 
Allium nigrujn L., teste J. G. Baker. 

381, IB. 0. luteum angustifolium minimum bulbiferum, nobis. Gagea 
lutea Ker-Gawl, teste J. G. Baker. 

D 2 



36 PLANTAEUM HISTOEIAE OXONIENSIS 



Caput XIII. Cepa. 

P. 383, 1. Cepa vulgaris, C.B. P. Cited Hoi-t. Cliff. 136. Allium 
Cepa L. 

2. C. oblonga, Dod. No specimen. Cited Hort. Cliff. 136. 

A. fistulosum L. 
8. C. Asoalonica, Matth. No specimen. Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 

429 for A. Asoalonioum L. 
4. C. sectilis juncifolia perennis, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 136 

and Bot. Mag. t. 114. A. Sohoenoprasum L. 

Caput XIV. AlUum. 

P. 386, 3. Allium montanum bicorne flore obsoletiore, C. B. P. 
A. oleraoeum L. 

4. A. montanum capita rotundo, C. B. P. A. vineale L. var. 

capsuliferum. 

5. A. montanum bicorne angustifolium flore pui-pureo, C. B. P. 

A. oleraeeum L. 
8. A. juncifolium bicorne luteum, C. B. P. Possibly A. flavum L. 

387, 10. A. sativum alterum sive AUioprasum . . . C. B. P. Cited 
Hort. Cliff. 136. A. Scorodoprasum L. The specimen is 
A. sativum L., testibus White and Bucknall. 
12. A. majus foliis porraceis . . . nobis. 

The specimen is labelled AlNum Holmense sphaeHceo 
capUe Baii Syn. 229, = A. Ampeloprasuni L. (A. holmense 
Mill.). 

388, 13. A. montanum Narcissinis foliis majus, C. B. P. A. aou- 
tangulum Schrad., testibus White and Bucknall (A. angu- 
losum L., I. K.). 

15. A. latifolium palustre, nobis. A. Tirsinum L. 

16. A. latifolium montanum maculatum, C. B. P. A. Vieto- 

rialis L. 

Caput XV. Porrum. 

P. 390, 1. Porrum commune capitatum, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 
136. Allium Porrum L. 
2. P. sativum latifolium, C. B. P. A. Ampeloprasuni L., 
testibus White and Bucknall. 

391, 4. P. silvestre gemino capite, C. B. P. A. Scorodoprasum L. 

Caput XVI. Moly. 

P. 393, 4. Moly latifolium luteum . . . C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 137. 
A bad specimen of Allium Moly L. 



PARS II. SECT. V .37 

393, 7. M. angustifolium umbellatum album, nobis. Cited Bot. 

Mag. sub t. 1141. A. subhirsutum L. 
White and Bucknall refer the specimen on one sheet to 

A. roseum L. ; the leaves are quite glabrous. 
384, 11. M. album angustifolium foliis reflexis, nobis. A. roseum L., 

testibus White and Bucknall. 

Caput XVII. Scilla. 

P. 385, 1. Scilla vulgaris radice rubra, C. B. P. Leaves only. Cited 
Hort. CliflF. 123. Scilla maritima L. •= Urginea Scilla 
Steinh. = IT. maritima Baker. 

Caput XVIII. Tulipa. 

No specimens. 

Distributio Quarta : Kadicibus squama duplici admodum densa. 

Caput XIX. Fritillaria, 

P. 402, 1. Fritillaria praecox purpurea variegata, C. B. P. Cited 
Hort. Cliff. 119. Fritillaria Meleagris L. 
2. F. alba praecox, C. B. P. P. Meleagris L. var. alba. 
403, 6. F. polyanthos flavo-viridis, C. B. P. P. pyrenaica L. 

7. F. serotina floribus ex flavo virentibus, C. B. P. P. pyre- 
naica L. 

Caput XX. Lilinm. 

P. 406, 1. Lilium persicum, Dod. Cited Hort. Cliff. 119. Fritillaria 
persica L. 
2. L. sive Corona imperialis, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 120. 
P. Imperialis L. 
408, 6. L. Martagon . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 120. Lilium 
Martagon L. 
9. L. Martagon Canadense maculatum, Park. Cited Sp. PI. 
303. Ii. canadense L. 
10. L. angustifolium purpuro-sanguineum . . . nobis. Cited 
Hort. Cliff. 120, L. pomponium L. The specimen is 
L. Byzantinum miniatum C. B. P. 78. L. ohalcedonicum 
L., teste J. G. Baker. 

409, 12. L. Martagon flavum angustifolium, C. B. P. Cited Hort. 
Cliff. 120. L. pomponium L. 

13. L. album vulgare et odoratum . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 
120. L. candidum L. 

410, 15. L. Canadense imperfectis iioribus . . . nobis. A monstrous 
form of Ii. canadense L. 



38 PLANTARUM HISTOEIAE OXONIENSIS 

16. L. indi cum puniceum. .. nobis. No specimen. Cited Hort. 

Cliff. 127, and Bot. Mag. t. 1075 for HaemanthuB cocci- 

neus L. 
411, 18. L. purpurocroceum minus, C. B. P. L. bTilblferum L. 

20. L. bulbiferum minus, nobis, in Tab. praecedente. L. bul- 

biferum L. testibus White and Bucknall. 

Caput XXI. Lilinm Asphodel! radice sive 
Iiiliasphodelus. 

P. 412, 1. L. luteum radice Asphodeli, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 
128. Hemerocallis flava L. 
3. L. rubrum Asphodeli radice, C. B. P. H. flava L. teste 
J. G. Baker. 

Caput XXn. Aloe. 

P. 414, 1. Aloe vulgaris, C. B. P. Leaves only. Cited Hort. Cliff. 
130. Aloe perfoliata L. var. vera (L.). 
415, 2. A. folio in oblongum aculeum abeunte, C. B. P. Cited Hort. 
Cliff. 130. Agave americana L. 

Caput XXIII. Tuca. 

P. 419, 1. Tuca foliis Aloes, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 130. Yucca 
gloriosa L. 
2. Y. foliis filamentosis, nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 319. Y. fila- 
meutosa L. 

Caput XXIV. Appendix ad Sectionem Q-aartam. 

P. 421, 1. Gladiolus Aethiopicusflore coccineo.Cornut. No specimen. 

Cited Sp. PI. 37 for Antholyza Cunonia L. = A. aethiopica 

L. Sp. PI. ed. ii, p. 54 ; and Bot. Mag. tab. 561. 
2. Sisyrinchium Indicum, Vespas. Robin. Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 420. 

Amaryllis capensis L. = Hypoxia stellata L. f. = H. ca- 

pensls (L.). 
423, 11. Ornithogalum luteo-virens, Jacob. Cornut. No specimen. 

Cited Bot. Mag. t. 804 for Albuoa major L. 

Sectionis Quabtae Membrum Secundum. 

Caput XXV. Anemone. 

P. 424, 1. Anemone trifolia, Dod. Ger. No specimen. Cited Hort. 

Cliff. 224, and DC. Syst. i. 205 for Anemone trifolia L. 
425, 2. A. silvestris major alba, C. B. P. Cited DC. 1. c. 207. "A. syl- 
vestris L. 
8. A. Cyclamini seu Malvae folio lutea, C. B. P. No specimen. 
Cited Sp. PI. 538 for A. palmata L. 



PADS ir. SECT. IV 39 

4. A. Geranii folio rotundo purpui-ascens, C. B. P. No specimen. 

Cited Sort. Cliff. 223, A. hortensia L. ; and DC. Syst. i. 198 
for A. stellata Lam. 

5. A. latifolia simplici cameo flora, C. B. P. A. stellata Lam. 

6. A. Oenanthes folio . . . C. B. P. No specimen. Cited DC. 

Syst. i. 197 for f. 6 and Bot. Mag. t. 841 for A. ooro- 
naria L. 
426, 7. A. caerulea Geranii Robertiani folio . . . C. B. P. No speci- 
men. Cited DC. 1. c. 202 for A. apennina L. 

8. A. hortensis pleno flore versicolor, C. B. P. Cited DC. 1. c. 

198, for A. pavonina Lam. 

9. A. latifolia flore pleno coccineo, C. B. P. No specimen. 

Cited DC. 1. c. 198 for A. pavonina Lam. 
10. A. tenuifolia flore coccineo pleno, Eyst. No specimen. 
Cited Hort. Cliff. 223 as forms of A. coronaria L. 

Caput XXVI. Pulsatilla. 

428, 1. Pulsatilla folio crassiore . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 283. 
Anemone Pulsatilla L. 

2. P. flore minora . . . quasi nigricante . . . nobis. No specimen. 

Cited Hort. Cliff. 223, and DC. 1. c. 192 for A. pratensis L. 
8. P. flore albo, C. B. P. No specimen. Cited DC. 1. c. 194 
for A. alpina L. sens. ampl. 

Caput XXVII. Caryophyllata. 

P. 430, 1. Caryopbyllata vulgaris, C. B. P. Geum urbanum L. 

3. C. Alpina lutea major, nobis. Geum intermedium Ehrh. 

431, 7. C. aquatica nutante flora . . . nobis. G. rivale L. 

432, 9. C. Alpina Chamaedryos folio, nobis. (Two sbeets.) Dryas 

octopetala L. 

Caput XXIX. Trifolium Hepaticum seu Hepatica 
Trifolia. 

P. 433, 1. Trifolium hepaticum flore simplice, C. B. P. No specimen. 
Cited Hort. Cliff. 233, and DC. Syst. i. 216 for Hepatica 
triloba DC. = Anemone Hepatica L. 

Caput XXX. Ranunculus. 

P. 436, 9. Ranunculus Aspbodeli radica flora sanguineo, C. B. P. The 
preceding eight numbers are referred in Hort. Cliff. 210 and 
DC. 1. c. 261 to BanunouluB asiatious L. The only 
specimen is of this species. 

437,10. R. nemorosus flore majore, nobis. No specimen. Cited Ho it. 
Cliff. 224. Anemone nemorosa L. 



40 PLANTARUM HISTOEIAB OXONIENSIS 

11. R. Phragmites nemorosus luteua flore pleno, J. B. Clialir. 

Cited Hort. Cliff. 224 and DO. Syst. i. 206. A. ranun- 
culoides L. ; the specimen is the normal single-flowered 
plant. 

12. R. nemorosus Thalictri folio, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. 557. 

Isopyrum thalictroides L. 
438, 13. R. Thalictri folio Asphodel! radice, Park. No specimen. 
Cited Sp. PI. 545 for Thaliotnim tuberosum L. 

14. R. nemorosus Moschatellina dictus, C. B. P. Cited Hort. 

Cliff. 153. Adoxa Moschatellina L. 

15. R. nemorosus seu silvaticus folio subrotundo, C. B. P. Cited 

Hort. Cliff. 229. Ranunculus auricomus L. 

439, 16. R. pratensis erectus acris, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 230, 

and DC. 1. c. 277. R. acris L., probably var. rectus Bor., 
testibus Bucknall and White. 

Also a sheet flore pleno. Another sheet is var. Boraea- 
nus (Jord.). 

17. R. pratensis erectus dulcis, C. B. P. No specimen. Cited 

DC.l. c. 296 for R. philonotis Ehrh.=R. sardous Crantz. 

18. R. pratensis repens . . . C. B. P. No specimen. Cited Hort. 

Cliff. 230, and DC. 1. c. 285 for R. repens L. 

19. R. pratensis radice . . . rotunda, C. B. P. No specimen. 

Cited Hort. Cliff. 230, DC. 1. c. 295 for R. bulbosus L. 

20. R. arvensia parvus folio trifido, C. B. P. Leaves only. Cited 

DC. 1. c. 297. R. sardous Cr. var. parvnlus (L.). 

440, 21. R. arvensis annuus hirsutus . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 555. 

R. muricatus var. 6 L. =R. parviflorus L., Syst. Veg. ed. x. 

1087. 
22. R. ceratophyllus seminibus falcatis . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 

556. R. falcatus L. 
28. R. echinatua arvensis, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 239. 
R. arvensis L. 

24. R. echinatus stellatus Creticus, 0. B. P. Cited DC. Syst. 298, 

R. muricatus L. var. creticus DC. The specimen is R. muri- 
catus L. 

25. R. echinatus palustris, C. B. P. No specimen. Cited Hort. 

Cliff. 225. R. muricatus L. 

441, 27. R. palustris Apii folio laevis, C. B. P. No specimen. Cited 

Hort. Cliff. 230, and DC. 1. c. 268 for R. sceleratus L. 

28. R. palustris Apii foliis lanuginosus, C. B. P. Cited DC. Syst. i. 

296. R. philonotis Ehrh. = R. hirsutus Curtis, = R. sar- 
dous Crantz. 

Nos. 27 and 28 are illustrated by the same figure in 
Morison's plate 29. 

29. R. aquations hederaeeus, nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 556. R. hede- 

raceus L. 



PAES II. SECT. IV 41 

442, 30. R. aquaticus Cotyledonis foUo, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 

88. Hydrocotyle viilgaris L. 

31. R. aquaticus folio rotundo et capillaceo, C. B. P. Cited DC. 

Syst. i. 235 for R. peltatus Sohrank ; but the specimen is 
E. h.eterophyllus Weber. 

32. R. aquaticus capillaceus, C. B. P. A mud form of B. trioho- 

phyllus Chaix. 

The following three specimens are not mentioned in the 

Historia : 
R. aquations albus circinatis tenuissime divisis foliis, floribus 

ex longis pediculis innixis, D. Pluk. ? v. Ray Syn. p. 136. 5. 

Ranunculus peltatus, Schrank. 
R. aquatilis albus fluitans Peucedani folio H. L. Bat. One 

specimen is E. peltatus Schrank var. penicillatus, the 

other maybe E.. fluitans Lam., but the material is scrappy 

and flowerless. 
Millefolium aquaticum foliis Abrotoni, Ranunculi flore et 

capituloC. B.P. 141 = Ranunculus aquatilis omnino tenui- 

folius J. B. 3. 781. E. cireinatus, Sibth. One of the 

earliest British specimens extant. 

33. R. palustrislongifolius major,' C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 228 

and DC. Syst. i. 246. E. Lingua L. 

443, 34. R. palustris longifolius minor, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 

228 and DC. 1. c. 247. E. Plammula L. 

444, 36. R. montanus folio Plantaginis, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. 549 

and DC. 1. c. 244. E. amplexicaulis L. 

37. R. Pyrenaeus albus simplex. Park. No specimen. Cited 

DC. 1. c. 244 for E. amplexicavilis L. 

38. R. montanus gramineo folio, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 228. 

E. gramineus L. 

445, — . R. gramineus montanus flore pleno, Dod. E. gramineus L. 

flore pleno. 

40. R. gramineus hirsutus monanthos, nobis. No specimen. 

Cited DC. 1. c. 243 for E. pyrenaeus L. 

41. R. gramineus alter polyanthos, nobis. No specimen. Cited 

ibid. E. pyrenaeus L. var. plantagineus DC. 
43. R. lanuginosus Apii folio radice Asphodeli, C. B. P. No 
specimen. Cited DC. 1. c. 260 for E. monspeliacus L. 
var. cuneatus DC. 
446, 44. R. leptophyllos Asphodeli radice, C. B. P. Cited DC. Syst. 
255. E. chaerophyllos L. 

45. R. praecox rotundifolius granulata radice, nobis. Cited 

Hort. Cliff. 229 and DC. I.e. 305. E. Pioaria L. 
Specimens are flore pleno. 

46. R. lanuginosus grumosa radice minor, C. B. P. Cited Hort. 

Cliff. 230 and DC. 1. o. 259. E. illyricus L. 



42 PLANTAEUM HISTORIAE 0X0NIENSI3 

47. E. lanuginosus grumosa radice major, C. B. P. At ye Ld. 

Chestet;fields at Bi-ethy or Bradby in Derbyshire June 19/88. 
Cited DC. 1. c. 260. B. monapeliacus L. var. rotundi- 
foliuB DC. Bucknall and White confirm this determination. 

48. R. Creticus latifolius, Park. Cited DC. Syst. 263. B. cre- 

tious L. 
447, 49. R. latifolius bullatuB ... C. B. P. No specimen. Cited S p. 
PI. 550 for B. bullatus L. var. = var. grandiflorus DC. 
I.e. 254. 

50. R. latifolius bullatus . . . flora pleno , . . nobis. Leaf only. 

E. bullatus L. 

51. R. latifolius autumnalis parvo flore, nobis. No specimen. 

Cited DC. Syst. i. 254 for E. bullatus var. parviflorus DC. 
448, 53, R. montanus hirsutus humilior flore Narcissi, C. B. P. No 
specimen. Cited DC. I.e. 212 for Anemone narcissi- 
flora L. 

54. R. Rutaceo folio flore suave rubente, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. 

553 for Ranunculus rutaefolius L. ; but the specimen, which 
is very imperfect, is B. miUefolius Russ., teste Dr. Stapf. 

55. R. montanus purpureus . . . Pelicis Plateri, J. B. Chabr. No 

specimen. Cited DC. 1. o. 238 for B. glacialis L. 
57 and 58. R. Alpinus humilis . . . C. B. P. No specimen. Cited 

DC. 239 for B. alpestris L. 
449, 59. R. Asphodel! radice dictus Pthora major, nobis. Leaves 

only. Cited DC. 1. c. 264. E. Thora L. 
60. R. Asphodeli radice dictus Pthora minor, nobis. E. Thora L. 



Sectio V. De Heebis ex Numero Capsularum & Peta- 
LORUM Denominationem Sumentibus. 

Caput I. De Tricapsularibas Lactescentibus. 

(Campanula, Eapunculus, Cervicaria.) 

P. 452, 1. Campanula major lactescens, Lob. Cited Hort. Cliflf. 65. 
Cam.panula pjrramidalis L. 
2. C. Persicaefolia, Lob. No specimen. Cited Hort. Cliff. 65. 
C persieifolia L. 
453, 5. C. Alpina glabra . . . J. B. Chabr. C. rapunculoides L. 
testihiis Bucknall and White. 
7. C. Pyramidalis minor, Prosp. Alpin. de Exot. C. rhotnboi- 
dalis L. var. lanceolata A. DC, testibiis Bucknall and 
White. 

454,8. C. seu Petromarula Cretica, nobis. Phyteuma pinnatum L. 
455, 13. Rapunculus esculentus, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 65. Cam- 
panula Eapunculus L. 



PARS II. SECT. V 43 

455, 15 R. folio serrato rotundiore flore Convolvuli, nobis. C. rhom- 
boidalis L. 

458, 16. R. Alpinus minor rotundifolius, nobis. C. pusilla Haenke. 

17. Campanula vulgaris minor foliis imia rotundioribus . . . 

nobis. Cited Hoi-t. Cliff. 65. Campanula rotundifolia L. 

18. C. Cymbalariae aut Hederae folio, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. 169. 

C. hederacea L. = Wahlenbergia hederacea Schrad. = Cer- 
violna hederacea Druee. 

21. C. arvensis minima, Dod. C. Speculum-Veneris L. = Legou- 

sia Speculum- Veneris Pisch. 

22. C. arvensis minima erecta, nobis. Cited Sp. PL 168. C. 

hybrida L. = Specularia hybrida A. DC. = L. hybrida 
Del. 

23. C. pentagonia perfoliata, nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 169. C. per- 

foliata L. = L. perfoliata (L.) Britton. 

458.25. C. minor annua foliis incisis, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 65. 

Campanula Erinus L. 

459.26. C. hirsuta Ocimi folio . . . Boceon. No specimen. Cited Sp. 

PI. ed. ii. 237 for C. diohotoma L. 

27. C. maxima foliis latissimis, C. B. P. Also a sheet flore 

cinereo. Cited Hort. Cliff. 64. C. latifolia L. 

28. C. major vulgatior asperior foliis Urticae, C. B. P. Also 

a sheet /o. alho. Cited Hort. Cliff. 64. C. Trashelium L. 
80. C. hortensis folio et flore oblongo, C. B. P. Cited Hort. 

Cliff. 64. C. Medium L. 
460, 31. C. peregrina maxima laeiniatis foliis, C. B. P. No specimen. 

Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 237 for C. laoiniata L. 
32. C. hortensis Eapunculi radiee repente, nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 

165. C. rapunculoides L. 
34. C. foliis Echii, C. B. P. C. spicata L., testibus Bucltnall 

and White ; but another specimen appears to me to be 

C. thyrsoides L. 

461, 38. C. seu Cervicaria Bononiensis . . . J. B. Chabr. No specimen. 
Cited Sp. PI. 165 for C. bononiensis L. 
43. Trachelium pratense flore conglomerate, nobis. Cited Hort. 
Cliff. 64. C. glomerata L. 

4e3,46. Eapunculus cornieulatus spicatus . . .nobis. Three sheets: 
No. 2 caeruleus. Cited Sp. PI. 171. Phyteuma spioa- 
tum L. 
47. R. cornieulatus . . . orbiculari, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. 170. 
P. orbiculare L. 

464,48. R. ramosus cornieulatus Scabiosae capitulo . . . nobis. Also 
flore albo. Cited Hort. Cliff. 446. Jasione montana L. 
49. R. cornieulatus Alpinus petraeus perennis, nobis. Phy- 
teuma oomoaum L. 



44 PLANTAEUM HISTORIAE OXONIENSIS 

465,52. R. corniculatus Valerianoides caeruleus, nobis. No speci- 
men. Cited Hort. Cliff. 66. Traohelium caeruleum L. 

466, 54. Rapuntium galeatum Virginianum . . . coocineo flore, nobis. 

Cited Sp. PL 930. Lobelia cardinalis L. 
55. Rapunculus . . . Virginianus flore violaceo . . . nobis. Ffo. 
Candida et flore violaceo. Cited Sp. PI. 931. L. syphi- 
litica L. 

467, 56. R. . . . Blaesensis . . . nobia. No specimen. Cited Sp. PI. 

931 for Ii. urens L. 

Caput II. Se Tricapsnlari'bns Fentapetalis. 

(Hypericum, Ascyrum, Coris & Androsaemum.) 

469, 1. Hypericum vulgare, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 380. Hy- 

pericum perforatum L. 

3. H. minus, Dod. H. humifusum. L. 

4. H. seu Coris legitima Ericae similis, nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 

787. H. Coris L. 

470, 7. H. minus glabrum erectum pulchrum, nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 

787. H. pulchrum L. 

471, 8. Androsaemum foetidum ... C. B. P. Cited Hoi-t. Cliff. 381. 

H. hircinum L. 

10. A. Ascyrum dictum caule quadrangulo glabro, nobis. Bauhin's 

name is cited Sp. PI. 785 for H. quadrangulum L., but the 
specimen is H. tetrapterum Pries (I. K.) = H. acutum 
Moench. 

11. A. Ascyrum dictum caule rotundo hirsuto, nobis. Cited Sp. 

PI. 786. H. hirsutum L. var. 0. 
472, 12. A. maximum . . . bacciferum nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 380. 
H. Androsaem.um L. 
13. A. flore et theca quinquecapsulari omnium maximis, nobis. 
Cited Sp. PI. 783 for H. Ascyron L. ; but the specimen is 
H. calycinum L. 

Caiut III. De Fentapetalis Tricapstdaribns (Viola). 

P. 474, 1. Viola Martia purpurea flore simplici odoro, C. B.P. Cited 
Hort. Cliff. 427. Viola odorata L. 

Also^o. albo ; and floribtis mx conspicuis, foliorum linihis 
argenteis, a form with cleistogamous flowers and variegated 
leaves. Also V. martia multiplici flore candido, C. B. P. 
199, a white dovible-flowered form of V. odorata L. 
2. V. Martia inodora silvestris, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 427. 
V. canina L. = V. Riviniana Reichb. 
475, 3. V. Marocooi sive Granadillae foliis, nobis. The specimen 
was from York House garden to which seeds were sent from 
Virginia in 1653. V. palmata L. 



PARS II. SECT. V 45 

4. V. martia major hirsuta inodora, nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 934. 

V. hirta L. 

Also a specimen labelled V. caerulea TracheJii folio minore 
subhirsuto Rait Hist. Fart 3, 510. V. hirta L. 

5. y. palustris rotundifolia glabra, nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 934. 

V. palustris L. 

Also a sheet labelled V. Martia Alpina folio tenello Cir- 
cinato D. Lhwyd. V. Alpina rotundifolia minor H. R. Par. 
V. palustris L. 

6. V. Alpina rotundifolia lutea, C B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 427, 

V. biflora L. ; but the specimen is the North American 
V. pubescens Aiton. 

7. V. ereota flore caeruleo et albo, Eyst. Cited Sp. PI. 936 for 

V. montana L. ; but the specimen is "V. elatior Fries. 
476, 9. V. tricolor hortensis repens, C. B. P. V. tricolor L. 

10. v. bicolor arvensia, C. B. P. No specimen. Cited Hort. 

Cliff. 427. V. tricolor L. = V. arvensis Murray. 

11. V. montana lutea grandiflora, C. B. P. et Cam. V. lutea 

Huds. 
477, 13. V. palustris Pinguicula . . . Plinii, Gesn. Pinguioula 
vulgaris L. 

Also a sheet P.flo. minore cameo Raij. D. Lhwyd. P. lusl- 
tanica L. 

De Monopetalis Bicapsularibus. 
Caput IV. Digitalis. 

P. 478, 1. Digitalis purpurea fo]io aspero, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 
318. Digitalis purpurea L. 
2. D. latifolia flore ferrugineo, nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 622. D.fer- 
ruginea L. 
479, 3. D. angustifolia flore ferrugineo, J. B. Chabr. I>. obsoura L. 

4. D. lutea magno flore, C. B. P. D. ambigua Murray. 

5. D. lutea minore flore, nobis. Cited Sp. PL 622. D. lutea L. 

6. D. perfoliata glabra flore violaoeo minore . . . nobis. Ko 

specimen. Cited Sp. PI. 634 and Bot. Mag. t. 288 lor 
Mimulus ringens L. 

7. D. minima Gratiola dicta, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 9. Gra- 

tiola officinalis L. 

Caput V. Scrophularia. 

, 481, 1. Scrophularia annua folio Urticae, C. B. P. Scrophularia 

peregrina L. 
482, 2. S. annua folio Lamii flore luteo, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 

322. S. veinalis L. 



46 riiANTAEUM HISTORIAE OXONIENSIS 

3. S. radice nodosa foetida, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 322. 

S. nodosa L. 

Also a sheet S. major, cauUbus, foUis et florihus viridihus. 
S. nodosa L. var. Bobartii Pryor in Journ. Bot. 1877, 
238-9. 

4. S. radice fibrosa, nobis. Very young specimen, probably 

S. alata Gilib. 

5. S. Scorodoniae foliis, nobis. Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 864. 

8. Scorodonia L. 
483, 6. S. Sambuci foliis . . . nobis. No specimen. Cited Sp. PI. 
621 for S. sambucifolia L. 

7. S. foliis Filicis modo laciniatis, C. B. P. S. canina L., 

textibus Bucknall and White. 

8. S. major Ruta canina vulgo dicta, Park. Cited Hort. Cliff. 

322. S. canina L. 

9. S. minor Ruta canina dicta, nobis. S. canina L. 

Caput VI. VerbascTiiii. 

P. 485, 1. Verbascum foliis incanis mas latifolium . . . nobis. Cited 

Hort. Cliff. 55. Verbassum Thapsus L. 
486, 3. V. foliis incanis et pulverulentis . . . nobis. V. pulveru- 
lentum Vill., teslihus Bucknall and White. 

4. V. foliis incanis floribus albis . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 

54. v. Lyohnitis L. 

5. V. foliis viridibus perenne floribus luteis . . . staminulis pur- 

purascentibus, nobis. V. nigrum L. 

6. V. foliis viridibus Papaveris corniculati . . . nobis. V. sinua- 

tum L. 

Caput VII. Blattaria. 

488, 1. Blattaria perennis Acre violaceo, nobis. Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 
254. V. phoeniceum L. 

2. B. perennis flore gilvo . . . nobis. V. nigrum L., testibus 

Bucknall and White. A flower on the sheet of a different 
species. 

3. B. perennis Cretica . . . nobis. Celsia cretica L., testibus 

Bucknall and White. 
480, 5. B. annua ramosa floribus luteis . . . nobis. Verbascum 
Blattaria L. 

6. B. annua flore minore luteo vel albo . . . nobis. No specimen. 

Cited Hort. Cliff. 55. V. Blattaria L. 

7. B. annua flore majore luteo . . . nobis. V. virgatum Stokes, 

testibus Bucknall and White. 
4eO,10. B. rubra spicata major . , . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 178. 
Lythrum Salicaria L. 



PARS II. SECT. V 47 

11. B. rubra spicata major lanuginosa, nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 446, 
L. Salicaria L. var. ^ = forma canesceus. 
491, 14. B. affinis planta major flore luteo, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliflf. 
52. Lysimaohia vulgaris L. 

Also a sheet, flore duplici. 

15. B. affinis minor flore luteo foliis nigria punctis notatis, nobis. 

Cited Sp. PI. 147. L. punctata L. 

There is also a sheet labelled lA/simachia bifoUa flo. 
gldboso luteo C. B. P. 245. L. thyrslflora L. 

16. B. affinis planta bifolia laevis . . . nobis. L. ephemerum 

L., testibus Bucknall and White. 

Caput VIII. Nicotiana sive Tabacom. 

492, 1. Nicotiana major latifolia, C. B. P. Kicotiana Tabacum L. 

var. maorophylla Dunal. Bucknall and White query it 
N. latissima Miller. 
2. N. major angustifolia, C. B. P. N. Tabaciua L. 

493, 4. N. minor, C. B. P. Nicotiana rustioa L. 

Caput IX. Hyoscyamns. 

P. 494, 1. Hyoscyamus vulgaris vel niger, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliif. 
56. Hyoscyamus niger L. 

2. H. albus major . . . C. B. P. H. albus L. 

3. H. albus minor, C. B. P. H. albus L. 

4. H. luteus Creticus major, C. B. P. H. aureus L. 
495, 5. H. Creticus luteus minor, C. B. P. H. aureus L. 

6. H. rubello flore, C. B. P. The description points to H. 
retioulatus L. sens, ampl., but Bucknall and White refer 
the specimen to H. niger L. ; it is more glabrous than 
usual. 

Caput X. Linaria. 

P. 498, 1. Linaria maxima Dalmatica . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff'. 
824. Antirrhinum dalmaticum L. = Xiinaria dalmatica 
Mill. 

2. L. latifolia triphyllos Sicula, Boccon. L. triphylla Mill. 

3. L. triphyllos caerulea, C. B. P. L. triphylla Mill. 

499, 5. L. lutea parva annua erecta, J. B. Chabr. L. supina Desf., 
testibus Bucknall and White. 

Another sheet, L. lutea pana annua J. B., Bucknall and 
White suggest may be L. spartea Hotfm. and Link. 
10. L. vulgaris luteo flore majore, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 
324. Antirrhinum Linaria L. = L. vulgaris Mill. 
500, 15. L. Asparagi Corudae . . . nobis. No specimen. Cited Hort. 
Cliff. 324. Antirrhinum multicaule L. = L. multicaulis 
Mill. 



48 PLANTAEUM HISTORIAE OXONIENSIS 

16. L. purpurea major odorata, C. B. P. Also a fasciated speci- 
men. L. purpurea Mill, 
501, 18. L. coerulea prooumbens, nobis. L. alpina Mill. 

20. L. Bellidis folio, C. B, P. et Prod. Anarrhinum bellidi- 
folium Desf., testibus Bucknall and White. 
502, 23. L. triphylla minor lutea, C. B. P. Ci'ed Hort. Cliff. 324. 
Antirrhinum triphyllum L. = Ijinaria triphylla Mill. 

24. L. annua Chalepensis . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 617. Antir- 

rhinum Chalepense L. = L. ohalepensia Mill. 

25. L. minima foliis birsutis . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 324. 

A. minus L. = L. viscida Moench = L. minor Desf. 
503, 27. L. hirsuto folio subrotundo . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 324. 
A. spurium L. = L. spuria Mill. 
28. L. . . . folio acuminate in basi auriculato, nobis. Cited Hort. 
Cliff. 323. A. Elatine L. = L. Elatine Mill, (as Elatina). 
30. L. folio glabro subrotundo Hederae . . . nobis. Cited Hort. 
Cliff. 323. A. Cymbalaria L. = L. Cymbalaria Mill. 

Caput XI. Antirrhiniuu. 

P. 505, 1, 2, 3, 4. Antirrhinum majus longiore folio, nobis. Cited 
Hort. Cliff. 324. Antirrhinum majus L. and Jlo. albo. 
5. A. arvense minus, nobis. No specimen. Cited Hort. Cliff. 
324. A. Orontium L. 

This specimen is not mentioned in the Hision'a : 
Cymbalaria Alpina villoaa Triumph. Syllab. Ex Insul. Balear. 
ad lac. Petiver. Sibthorpia afrioana L., testibus Buck- 
nall and White. 

Caput XII. De Tetrapetalis Qnadricapsnlaribus. (Euta.) 

507.3. Ruta silvestris major, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. 383. Ruta 

graveolens L. 

508. 4. R. silvestris minor, C. B. P. R. montana Mill. 

A sheet labelled R. Chalepensis latifolia, &c. H. L. Bat. 
E. braeteosa DC, testibus White and Bucknall. 

5. R. Chalepensis tenuifolia . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 383. 

R. graveolens L. var. 0. See Aiton Hort. Kevsr. iii. 35. 
1811 = R. chalepensis L. and var. angustifolia (Pers.). 

6. R. silvestris flora magno, C. B. P. (Tab. 14, fig. 5.) No 

specimen. Cited Hort. Cliff. 206. Peganum Harmala L. 

Caput XIII. De Pentapetalis QniucLuecapsularibtis. 

(Geranium.) 
P, 511, 1. Geranium annuum minus batrachiodes Bohemicum . . . 
nobis. Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 955. Geranium bohemicum L. 



PAES 11. SECT. V 49 

2. G. folio Malvae rotundo majus, nobia. Q. rotundifolium L. 

3. G. columbinum majua, nobis. Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 956. 

G. disseetum L. 

612,4. G. columbinum annuum minus tenuius laciniatum, C. B. P. 
G. pusillxun L. 

5. G. . . . flore pediculo longissimo insistente, nobis. G. oolum- 

binum L. 

6. G. annuum rotundifolium . . . lucidum, nobis. G. lucidum L. 

7. G. Althaeae folio, C. B. P. Cited Hovt. Cliff 344. G. mala- 

coides L. =Erodium malaehoidc-s Willd. 

8. G. minimum procumbens foliis Betonicae, nobis. Cited Sp. 

PI. ed. ii. 951. G. maritimum L.= E. maritimum L'Her. 

9. G. annuum Cicutae folio inodorum, C. B. P. Cited Hort. 

Cliff. 344. G. cicutarium L. =E. cicutarium L'Her. 

513, 10. G. moschatum, Eyst. E. nioschatum L'Her. 

11. G. Robertianum flore dilute rubello, nobis. Cited Hort. 

Cliff. 344. Geranium Bobertianiun L. 

Another sheet labelled G. lucidum saxatile foliis Geranii 
Rohertiani D. Sher. Baii Syn. 218, G. saxatile RoheHiano 
simile Anglicum Schol. Bot. is the plant which Liudley 
(Syn. Syst. 1829) called Geranium Eaii = G. Bobertianum 
L. var. Baii (Lindl.). 

12. G. latifolium . . . flore acu longissiraa, nobis. Cited Hort. 

Cliff. 498. G. gruinum L. = Erodium gruinum [Sol.] in 
Alton. 

13. G. Apulum Coriandri folio . . . Col. E. cieonitim Willd. 

514, 14. G. Batrachiodes folio Aconiti, C. B. P. No specimen. Cited 
Hort. Cliff. 344. Geranium sylvaticum L. 

15. G. Batrachiodes odoratum, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. 680. 

G. maororrhizum L. 

16. G. Batrachiodes violaceum . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 344. 

G. pratense L. 

17. G. sanguineum maximo flore, C. B. P. G. sanguineum L. 

A sheet is inserted, labelled G. haematodes flore variegato 
n. Edinb. G. haematodes Lancastriense, flore eleganter strlato 
Raii Hist. 1061. G. sanguineum L. var. lancastriense 
(Mill.). 
515, 18. G. Phaeura seu fuscum . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 343. 
G. phaeum L. var. 0. The specimen is G. phaeum L. 

19. G. . . . petalis rectis . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 343. 

G. phaeum L. 

20. G. radice Asphodeli, nobis. Imperfect. Geranium sp. 
516, 21. G. tuberosum maius, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 343. G. tu- 
berosum L. 

22. G. nodosum C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 343. G. nodosum L. 

1214 £ 



50 PLANTAEUM HISTOEIAE OXONIENSIS 

23. G. avgenteum Alpinum . . , Pon. Ital. G. argenteum L. 

24. G. Romanum versicolor, Park. Parad. Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 

954. G. striatum L. = Q-. versicolor L. 
517,26, G. triste, Cornut. Cited Hort. CliflF. 344. G. triate L.= 
Pelargonium triste [Sol.] in Aiton. 

Also a sheet G. columbinum majus, flore caeruleo minore, 
Bait H. 1059. &. pyrenaioum Burm. f. ; also under two 
other names. 
27. G. foetidum, Park. Erodium sp. possibly E. romanum 
Willd. 

De Mollientibus Pentapetalis. 

Caput XIV. Malva. 

P. 520, 2. Malva annua trimestris . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 348. 
Iiavatera trimestris L. 
3. M. annua foliis crispis, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 347. 
Malva crispa L. 
521, 4. M. annua rotundifolia . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 689. M. ver- 
tioillata L. 

5. M. annua hirsuta foliis Hederae . . . nobis. No specimen. 

Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 974 for Iiavatera cretica L. 

6. M. annua folio vario, C. B. P. Lavatera punctata All. 

7. M. silvestris perennis procumbens . . . nobis. Cited Hort. 

Cliff. 347. Malva rotundifoUa L. 

8. M. silvestris pi-ocerior seu elatior rectave . . . nobis. Also 

a sheet labelled /o?('o sinuato flore albo H. Edinburgh. Cited 
Hort. Cliff. 347. M. sylvestris L. 
522, 11. M. silvestris Betonicae folio, Boccon. Cited Sp. PI, 692. 
Malope malacoides L. 

The specimen is bad, but Mr. E. G. Baker assigns it to this 
species. 
12. M. silvestris vel palustris . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 348. 
Also a sheet labelled Althaea folio rotundiori, sive minus 
acuminato Hort. Edinh., a form with blunter leaves. Althaea 
ofS-ciualis L. 
523, 14. M. Hispanioa foliis mollibus . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 
972 (fig. 9), also DC. Prod. i. 439, for Lavatera micans L. 
Mr. E. G. Baker confirms my identification of the specimeij 
as L. triloba L. 

15. M. maritima arborea . . . nobis. L. arborea L. 

16. M. maritima arborea nostras. Park. L. arborea L. 

17. M. fnitescens folio acuto auriculato . . . nobis Cited Hort 

Cliff 348. L. OlbiaL. v.iiea nori, 

524, 18. M. Rosea folio subrotundo . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 348. 
Alcea rosea L. = Althaea rosea Cav. 



PARS II. SECT. V 51 

19. M. hortensis seu Rosea . . . Chalepensis, nobis, probably 

A. pallida Waldst. and Kit. 

20. M. Rosea folio subrotundo flore pleno, C, B. P. 

A sheet of variously coloured double Hollyhock flowers 
A. rosea Cav. 

21. M. Rosea . . . acaulos flore pallide luteo, nobis. A. acaulis 

Cav. teste E. G. BaJrer. 

22. M. rosea peregrina folio flcus obscure viridi, nobis. Cited 

Hort. Cliff. 848. Alcea flcifolia L. = Althaea ficifolia Cav. 

Caput XV. Alcea. 

P. 527, 3. Alcea vulgaris, Dod. Cited Hort. Cliff. 347 and Sp. PI. 689 
for Malva Aloea L. The specimen is M. mosohata L. 
Another sheet is the white-flowered form. 

4. A. folio rotundo laciniato, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 347, 

8, var. P;_al80 Sp. PI. 690 for Malva moschata L. The 
specimen is M. Alcea L. 

5. A. cannabina, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 349. Althaea 

canuabina L. 
528, 6. A. hirsuta seu villosa, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff'. 349. Althaea 
Mrsuta L. 

7. A. Pharnambucana Carpini folio . . . nobis. No specimen. 

Cited Sp. PI. 684 for Sida rhombifolia L. var. (3. 

8. A. Virgiuiana Carpini folio . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 346. 

S. spinosa L. 

On the sheet is given a synonym from H. Amst. Cap. 2. 
The specimen is (teste B. G. Baker) Malvastrum tricus- 
pidatum A. Gray. 

Caput XVI, Althaea. 

P. 530, 1. Althaea arborescens glabra . , . nobis. Hibiscus syria- 
ous L. 
2. A. arborea rosea Sinensis, nobis. B.osa cliinensis. Manal/i/ 
Coy. Cited Sp. PL 694. H. mutabilis L. 
531, 3. A. Theophrasti flore luteo, C. B. P. Cited Hort. CliflF. 346. 
Sida Abutilon L. = Abutilon Avicennae Gaertn. ;= A. Theo- 
phrasti Medic. 
4. A. Theophrasti similis, C. B. P. With the name Tuty cherry 
malva. Cited Sp, PI. ed. ii. 964. Sida indica L. = A. in- 
dioum Sweet. 
532, 6. A. rosea psregrina forte Rosa moscheutos Plinii, Corn. Cited 
Sp. PL 693. Hibiscus Moscheutos L. 
7. A. Indica magno flore , . . nobis. Alcea Indica magnor flore 
C. B. P. The specimen is a cultivated Hibiscus of the 
AbelmoschuB Section. 
E 2 



52 PLANTARUM HISTOEIAE OXONIENSIS 

Also a sheet labelled Sabdarissa s. Alcea Americana Park. 
Alcea indica magno flore C. B. P. Sabdarissa Ger. Sent 
from Fort St. George by my brother Dan Du Bois ; ex C. Du 
Bois. Hibisous cannabinus L., as is, teste E. G. Baker, 
another sheet labelled Sorrell St. Christophers. 

9. A. Aegyptia villosa, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 349. Hibiscus 
AbelmoschUB L. 

533, 11. A. vesicaria Veneta, nobis. Cited Hort. Clifif. 349. H. Trio- 
num L. sens. lat. 

12. Alcea vesicaria Capitis bonae spei, nobis. The specimen is 
H. Trionum L., perhaps the var. vesicarius (Cav.). 

De Pentapetalis. 

Caput XVII. Lychnis. 

1. Lychnides glabrae. 

P. 535, 1. Lychnis silvestris perennis quae Been album vulgo, nobis. 
Cited Hort. ClifF. 170. Cucubalus Behen L. = Silene inflata 
Sm. = S. Cucubalus Wibel (I. K.). Also a sheet foliis 



2. L. perennis angustifolia marina Anglica procumbens, nobis. 
Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 596. S. amoena L. = S. maritlma, 
With. 

4. L. silvestris seu montana latifolia viscosa, nobis. Cited Hort. 
Cliff. 171, Silene nutans L. But the specimen (labelled 
Nottingham Castle, Dr. Richardson) is Lychnis alba Mill., 
teste White and Bucknall ; a second sheet is S. italica Pers. 

536, 5. L. viscosa flore muscoso, C. B. P. Silene Otites Wibel. 

6. L. silvestris angustifolia viscosa . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff, 

172. Lychnis Viscaria L. 

7. L. major angustifolia viscosa alba . . . nobis. As Bucknall 

and White suggest, it may be Silene italioa Pers. 

537, 8. L. pratensis flore laciniato . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 174. 

Lychnis Plos-cuculi L. 

Also a sheet flore albo, and a sheet of specimens flore 
pleno. 

538, 12. L. frutescens noctiflora, nobis. Silene nootuma L. 

13. L. frutescens myrtifolia Been albo similis, C. B. P. S. fru- 

ticosa L. 

2. Lychnides latifoliae virides. 

14. L. Chalcedonica flore . . . simplici et pleno, nobis. Cited 

Mort. Llifl. 174. Lychnis chalcedonica L. 



PARS II. SECT. V 53 

3. Lychnides majores coronariae. 
54.0, 19. L. coronaria sativa . . . nobis. L. Coronaria Desr. 

20. L. coronaria silvestris, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 625 and 
Bot. Mag. t. 398, Agrostemma Flos-Jovis L. = L. Plos- 
Jovis Desr. 

4. Lychnides silvestres. 

541, 21. L. silvestris hirsuta perennis alba . . . nobis. Cited Hort. 
Cliff. 170. L. dioica L. var. ^ = L. alba Mill. Also alba 
fore plena J. B. 3. 343. 

23. L. silvestris minus hirsuta flora rubella . . . nobis. Cited 

Hort. Cliff. 170. L. dioica L. 

A sheet Jio. alio simplici and flo. ruhello eleganter niulti- 
jplici. 

24. L. silvestris hirsuta annua . . . nobis. Silene noctiflora L. 

25. L. Chalepensis annua . . . nobis. Seeds sent from Aleppo by 

Huntington. Gypaophila porrigens L., testibus Bucknall 
and White. 

5. Lychnides segetales glabrae. 

542, 26. L. viscosa purpurea latifolia levis, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 
170. Silene Armeria L. and j?. alba. 

27. L. segetum vaccaria dicta, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 166. 

Saponaria Vaccaria L. 

28. L. glabra annua foliis oblongis . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 418 

for Silene conica L. ; but by Alton Hort. Kew. iii. 90, 
1811, for S. conoidea L., to which species the specimen 
belongs. 

6. Lychnides segetales hirsutae. 

543, 81. L. hirsuta segetum major, nobis. And a sheet flo. alba. 
Cited Hort. Cliff. 175. Agrostemma Githago L. = Lychnis 
Githago Scop. 

32. L. segetum Nigellastrum . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 436, A. 

Coeli-rosa L. = L. Coeli-rosa Desr. 

33. L. silvestris latifolia cauliculis striatis turgidis, C. B. P. 

Cited Hort. Cliff. 171, Silene conoidea L. One sheet 
Bucknall and White agree with me in naming S. pendula 
L. ; the other sheet L. sylvestris . . . caliculis turgidis striatis 
C. B. P. 205 is S. conica L. 



7. Lychnides minores hirsutae. 

itris lanuginosa minor, C. B. P. 
ra L. i a second sheet is S. nootur 
L. segetum meridionalium annua, nobis. S. noctuma L. 



544,35. L. silvestris lanuginosa minor, C. B. P. Silene quinque- 
VTilnera L. ; a second sheet is S. nooturna L. 



54 PLANTAEUM HISTOEIAE OXONIENSIS 

37. L. segetum minima, nobis. S. conica L., testibus Bucknall 

and White, as is also a sheet marked Aleppo. 

38. L. vel Ocimoides montanum . . . nobis. Saponaria Ocy- 

moides L. 

8. Lyclmides maritimae arvenses. 

545. 43. L. arvensia minor vulgaris birsuta, nobis. CeraBtium 

arvense L. 

546. 44. L. maritima incana et tomentosa, nobis. C. tomentoBum L. 

46. L. graminea birsuta umbellifera, nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 88. 

Holosteum umbellatum L. Bobart inserts it as Alsine 
verna glabra, floribiis iimbellatis albis Touni. I. R. H. 343, 
with Alsine {see p. 56). 

47. L. arvensis glabra flore majore, nobis. Stellaria Holo- 

stea L. 

48. L. arvensis glabra flore minore, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 172. 

S. graminea L. 

9. Lychnides Saponariae dktae. 

547, 52. Saponaria vulgaris simplex multiplex, nobis. Also a sheet 
flore pleno. Cited Hort. Clifif. 165. Saponaria offici- 
nalis L. 

548,53. S. concava Anglica, C. B. P. et Prod. 103. Cited Sp. PI. 408. 
S. officinalis L. var. hybrida L. This is Gerard's (Herbal, 
p. 353, 1597) Gentiana concava which be found in 'a small 
groue of wood called the Spinnie, neere unto a small 
village in Northamptonshire called Lichbarrow' (Litch- 
borough). The plant, which no longer grows there, had 
a monstrous flower in which the petals were fused into a 
conical tube. Dr. Lister sent a specimen to Bauhin, who 
coiTectly determined and named it as above. 

54. S. minor DalP", Lugd. 

One sheet is Baplme Cneorum L. Another sheet, 
labelled Lychnis maritima carnea biflda, is Silene serieea 
AIL, testibus Bucknall and Wbite. The plant is stated to 
have been grown from seed sent by Casabona from Crete ; 
but S. serieea is not a Cretan species. 

55. Lychnis ramosa . . . Neapolitanis dicta Saponaria lanaria, 

nobis. Gypsophila Kokejeka Del, teste Dr. Stapf. 
The following specimens, not mentioned in the Historia, 

are in the Herbarium : — 
Lychnis pratensis glabra media . . . Caryophyllus holosteus 

arvensis medius, Raii Syn. 207. Stellaria Dilleniana 

Moench, var. palustris (Retz.). 
L. Aethiopioa noctiflora spicae foliis, Breyu Fasoic. Silene 

nicaeensis AIL, testibus Bucknall and White. 



PARS II. SECT. V 55 

L. fol. eubrotundocalice sinuatoet rugoso. Smyrna. S. dicho- 
toma Ehrh. 

L. sylvest. angustifol., caliculis turgidis striatis, C. B. P. 
Cited Sp. PI. 418 for S. conica L. ; the specimen is pro- 
bably S. vesportina Retz. 

L. sylvest. flora albo minimo, Raii. Near Colchester, S. Dale. 
S. anglica L. 

Caput XVIII. Alsine. 

P. 550, 1. Alsine altissima nemorum, C. B. P. Stellaria nemo- 
rum L. 

4. A. media, C. B. P. Cited Hort ClifF. 173. Alsine media L. 

= S. media Vill. 

5. A. minor multicaulis, C. B. P. Arenaria serpyllifolia L. 

6. A. minor Lini capitulis, C. B. P. Arenaria tenuifolia L. 

7. A. aquatica major, C. B. P. Stellaria aquatioa Scop. 

8. A. aquatica media, C. B. P. S. uliginosa Murray. 
551, 9. A. Plantaginis folio, Ger. Arenaria trinervia L. 

10. A. hirsuta major foliis subrotundis . . . nobis. Cerastium 

viBoosum L. 

11. A. hirsuta altera viscosa foliis longis . . . nobis. C. vulga- 

tum L. 

12. A. tenuifolia muscosa, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. 359 for Moeh- 

riagia muscosa L. var. ^. The specimen is M. muscosa L. 

13. A. Spergula dicta major, C. B. P. Spergula sativa Boenn. 

14. A. Spergulae facie sen Spergula minor . . . C. B. P. et Prod. 

Spergularia rubra Presl. 

15. A. Spergula major maritima . . . nobis. Spergvila ealina 

Presl, var. negleota (Kindb.). 

16. A. Spergula annua . . . nobis. No specimen. Cited Sp. PI. 

440 for Spergula pentandra L. 
552, 19. A. lotoides sicula, Boccon. Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii, 663. Glinus 
lotoides Loefl. = MoUugo hirta Thunb. (I. K.) = M. lo- 
toides C. B. Clarke. 

The following specimens in the Herbarium are not 
mentioned in the Historia : 
A. pusilla pulchro flore folio tenuissimo Raii. This is a fre- 
quent plant in Craven especially in the sand way betuixt 
Malham S^ Setle but mostly nigh the top of Stockdale head, 
it is not a less common plant in Flintshire Wales peiiiculaiiy 
where lead has been got, as you goe from S'. Winefreds Well 
to Bith-Lhan, in Derbyshire nigh Buxton Ihave alsoe met with 
it. The label is in Dr. Richardson's writing. Arenaria 
verna L. 
A, hirsuta minor C. B. Cerastium semidecandrum L. 



56 PLANTARUM HISTORIAE OXONIENSIS 

A. verna glabra, floribus umbellatis, Toum. Holosteum 

umbellatura L. 
A. ilyosotiB facie Lychnis Alpina flo. amplo niveo, Raii Syn. 

i. 147. Cerastixim alpinum L. 
A. palustris foliis tenuissimia, seu Saxifraga palustris Anglica. 

Sagiua nodosa Fenzl. 
An A. tetrapetaloB Caryophylloides, quibusdam Holosteum 

minimum. Raii Syn. ii. 206. Cerastium erectum Cosson 

= Moenehia erecta (L.) Graertn. 
Hoary Sea-Chickweed, Raii Hist. PI. 1026. Polycarpon 

tetraphylla L. 
A. littoralis foliis Portulacae, C. B. P. 251, ex sent. D. Salva- 

dore, sed minus recto. Polycarpon peploides DC, testibus 

Bucknall and White. 
A. saxifraga Graminifolia, flosculis tetrapetalis herbidis et 

muscosis, Pluk. Phyt. Tab. 74. 2. Saxifraga Anglica 

Alsines folio annua, D. Plot, Raii Hist. 1026. Bagina 

apetala Ard. 
A. Balear. longius radicata tenuissimis foliis flore purpureo, 

Salvadore. Alslne procumbens Fenzl, testibus Bucknall 

and White. 

De Pentapetalis Unicapsularibus. 
Caput XIX. Verbasculxuu seu Frimxila Veris. 
P. 555, 5. Verbasculum Alpinum umbellatum . . . C. B. P. Primula 
farinosa L. 
9. v. Turcicum seu Carchiohec Turcarum, nobis. 

Flowers only of five varieties of Primula. 1 . P. polyanth. 
flo. duplici variegat., Brumpton J. B. 2. P. reris flo, lacteo 
eleganter purpureo variegat , Neathouses J. B. 3. P. veris 
Const antinopolitana s. Carciiichecflo. pleno purpureo. 4. P. 
veris Constant inop. s. Carchichrc Turcarum flo. purpureo, 
altero alteri innato. 5. P. veris Constantinopol. flo. simplici 
foliaceo. 

Caput XX. Sauicula Alpina vel Auricula XTrsi. 

P. 556, 1. Saniculae affinis planta Androsace dicta major, nobis. 
Cited Hort. Cliff. 50. Androsace maxima L. 

557, 2. S. Alpina lutea, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 51. Primula 

Auricula L. 

558, 5. S. Alpina villosa foliis Borraginis, C. B. P. Verbascum 

Myconi L. = Ramondia pyrenaica Rich. = B. Myconi 
Reichb. 

6. S. montana latifolia laciniata, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 
50. Cortusa Matthioll L. A second sheet, labelled Auri- 
cula XIrsi laciniata s. Cortusa Matthioli flore alio, Tourn. 
Inst. 121, is Tiarella cordifolia L. 



PARS II. SECT. V 57 

Caput XXI. Caryophyllus. 

561, 2. Caryophyllus maximua variegatus, C. B. P. Flowers only. 
Dianthus Caryophyllus L. 
562, 12. C. silvestria junoifolius caeruleus Monspeliensium, nobis. 
Cited Sp. PI. 294. AphyllantlieB monspeliensis L. 
13. C. plumariua flore inodoro tenuissime dissecto, nobis. 
Diantlius Seguieri Vill., testibus Bucknall and White. 
563, 17. C. Barbatus hortensis flore multiplici, C. B. P. D. barba- 
tus L. 
18. C. barbatus hortensis simplex latifolius, nobis. Cited Hort. 
CliiF. 165. D. barbatus L. var. albus. 

20. C. barbatus silvestris annuus . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 

165. D. Armeria L. 

21. C. barbatus silvestris annua . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 410. 

Dianthus prolifer L. = Tunica prolifera Scop. 

De Pentapetalis. 
Caput XXII. Ceutanrium minus. Capsulis oblongis bifidis. 

P. 565, 1. Centaurium luteum perfoliatum, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. 
232. Gentiana pei-foliata L. = (Jhlora perfoliata L. = 
Blaokstonia perfoliata Huds. 
566, 5. C. minus rubrum vel album, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 81. 
Gentiana Centaurium L. = Erythraea Centaurium Pers, = 
Centaurium umbellatum Gilib. Also a sheet flore alio. 
7. C. minus spicatum, C. B. P. Ei7thraeaspicataPers. = C. spi- 
catum (Pera.). 

Caput XXIII. Niunularia. Capsulis minuta semina 
continentibus. 

P. 537, 1. Numularia major flore luteo, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 52. 
Lysimachia Ifiunmularia L. 

2. N. minor flore purpurascente, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. 148. 

L. tenella L. = Anagallis tenella Murray. 

Caput XXIV. Anagallis. Capsulis transversim seotis. 

P. 568, 1. Anagallis flore phoeniceo, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 52. 
Anagallis arvensis L. 
Also a sheet ^ore albo. 
569, 2. A. flore caeruleo, C. B. P. A. femina Miller. 

3. A. caemlea foliis binis terniave . . . C. B. P. Cited Hort. 

Cliff. 52. A. Monelli L. (= A. linifolia L., I. K.). 
5. A. lutea nemorum, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. 148. Lysimachia 
nemorum L. 



58 PLANTAEUM HISTOEIAE OXONIENSIS 

Also a sheet Numrmilaria norwegica repens folio rlentato, 
florihus geminis, Mus. nost. E Norwegia ad Jac. Petiver. 
Ijinnaea borealis L. 

Caput XXV. ForttQaca. 

570, 1. Portulaca latifolia seu sativa, C. B. P. Cited Hort. ClifF. 

207. Portulaca oleracea L. 

571, 2. P. angustifolia sive silvestris, C. B. P. P. oleracea L. 
3. P. minima flora albo, nobis. Montia vema Neck. 

Also a sheet AnagalUs serpillifoUa aguatica J. B. 3. 371. 
M. vema Neck. var. major (All.). 

Caput XXVI. lantini. Capsulis pluribus loculamentis. 

P. 572, 1. Linum sativum, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 114. Linum 
UBitatissimum L. 

Another sheet of the same, labelled L. sativum humilius 
flore caei-uUo majore, C. B. P. 

573, 3. L. perenne majus caeruleum . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 277 for 

L. perenne L. ; but the specimen is L. uaitatiBsimum L., 
testibus Bucknall and White. 

Another specimen, without label, is L. narbonense L. 

5. L. sllvestre latifolium hirsutum caeruleum, C. B. P. Cited 

Sp. PI. 277. L. hirsutum L. 

6. L. . . . candidum . . . C. B. P. Cited Bot. Mag. t. 1087. L. 

ascyrifolium Sims = L. hirautum L. 

574, 9. L. maritimum luteum, C. B. P. L. maritimum L. 

10. L. silvestre latifolium luteum, C. B. P. L, campanula- 

tum L. 

11. L. luteum ad singula genicula floridum, nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 

280. L. nodiflorum L. 
575, 15. L. silvestre angustifolium floribus dilute purpurascentibus 
. . . C. B. P. White and Bucknall refer the specimen to 
L. perenne L. 

18. L. angustifolium silvestre minus, C. B. P. The specimen is 

imperfect. Bucknall and White refer it to Ii. tenui- 
folium L. 

19. L. pratense flosculis exiguis, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 114. 

Ii. catharticum L. 

De Mollientibus semine triangulari. 
Caput XXVII. Lapathum. 

577, 1. Lapathum praestantissimum Rhabarbarum ofRcinarum dic- 
tum, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 155. Rheum Rhaponti- 
cum L. Bucknall and White query the specimen as 
Bumex alpinus L. 



PARS II. SECT. V 59 

578, 2. L. Alpinum folio subrotundo, nobis. E. alpinus L. 
579,4. L. hortensefoHooblongo, C.B.P. K. elongatus Guss., *e«<i'6MS 
Bucknall and White (merged in R. crispus in Ind. Kew.). 

5. L. aquatioum folio cubitali, C. B. P. B. Hydrolapatlieum 

Huds. 

6. L. folio aouto rubente, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 138. 

B. sanguineus L. 

7. L. folio acuto crispo, C. B. P. E. crispus L. 

8. L. aquaticum ramosum . . . nobis. E. maritimus L. 

580.11. L. silvestre folio subrotundo . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 336. 

E. obtusifolius L. 

12. L. Chalepense folio acuto . . . nobis. E. obtusifolius L. 

13. L. ramis procumbentibus . . . nobis. Leaves only. Cited Sp. 

PI. 386. E. puloher L. 

14. L. maritimum foetidum, C. B. P. E. tingitanus L., testibus 

Bucknall and White. 

Caput XXVIII. Oxalis sive Acetosa. 

582, 1. Acetosa pratensis, C. B. P. Eumex Acetosa L. 

583, 3. A. sterilis Moschovitica, nobis. Leaves only. Bucknall and 

White suggest E. Acetosa L. 

4. A. montana maxima, C. B. P. Eumex sp. 

5. A. montana radice recta pedali . . . nobis. Probably E. ari- 

folius L. 

6. A. Ragusiana radice tuberosa, nobis. E. tuberosus L. 

Ajiother sheet is E. tingitanus L. 

7. A. Americana . . . C. B. P. etProd. Cited Sp. PI. 387. E. ve- 

sicarius L. 

8. A. vesicaria Tingitana perennis . . . nobis. Leaves only. 

Cited Sp. PL ed. ii. 479 for E. tingitanus L. 

9. A. rotundifolia hortensis, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. 337. 

E. scutatus L. 
10. A. rotundifolia repeus Eboracensis . . . nobis. Cited Hort. 
Cliff. 188. R. digynus L. = Oxyria digyna Hill. 

584. 12. A. arvensis lanceolata, C. B. P. E. Acetosella L. 

14. A. Neapolitana Ocimi folio, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 139. 
E. buceplialorus L. 

The following specimens are not mentioned in the 
Histona : 

Acetosa arborescens subrotundo folio, ex Insulis Fortunatis. 
Pluk. Aim. Bot. Tab. 252, E. Lunaria L., testibus White 
and Bucknall. Also Acetosa rotundifolia Alpina C. B. P. 
114, E. scutatus L. : and Lapathum acutum Chalepense 
majus, etc., E. nemorosus Schrad. 



60 PLANTAEUM HISTORIAE 0X0NIENSI9 

De Pentapetalis semine triangulari. 

Caput XXIX. Bistorta. 

P. 585, 1 and 2. Bistorta major radice magis (et minus) intorta, 
C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 150. Polygonum Bistorta L. 
4. B. pumila foliis variis, nobis. P. viviparum L., testihus 
White and Bucknall. 
585, 5. B. Alpina minima sobolifera, nobis. Polygonum vivi- 
parum L. 

Caput XXX. Potamogeton. 

P. 586, 1. Potamogeton majus rotundifolium, nobis. Potamogeton 

natans L. 
587, 2. P. angustifolium sen Salicis folio, nobis. Polygontom am- 
phibium L. var. natans et terrestre Leers. 

3. P. foliis latis splendentibus, C. B. P. Potamogeton per- 

foliatum L. 

4. P. foliis anguBtis splendentibus, C. B. P. P. luoens L. 

6. P. foliis crispis sive Lactuca ranarum, C. B. P. P. crispum 
L. var. serratum (Hads.). 

The following specimens are not mentioned in the 
Historia : 
P. caule compresso folio Oraminis canini Raii Syn. 61. 
P. Friesii Rupr. P. seu Fontinalis media lucens J. B. 
P. densum L. 
P. millefolium, seu foliis ginmineis ramosum Raii 61, Forte P. 
gmm'ineus ramosum C. B. P. et J. B. 778. P. pectinatum L. 
P. pusillum maritimum folio gramineo Raii Syn. 62 no. 9 ex S. 
Dale. P. pectinatum L., teste Arthur Bennett. 

A sheet is inserted here from S. Dale. P. maritimum 
pusillum alterum, seminibus sitigulis longis pediculis in-^iden- 
tihus, Raii Syn. 62 n. 1. Kuppia maritima L. 

Caput XXXI. Fersicaria sive Hydropiper. 

P. 588, 1 et 2. Persicaria mitis non maculosa, C. B. P., et P. mitis 
maculosa, eidem. 

Two sheets Polygonum Persicaria L., with spotted 
and unspotted leaves. 

589, 3. P. frutescens maculosa Virginiana . . . Park. Cited Sp. PI. 
360. P. virginianum L. 

5. P. minor seu pusilla procumbens, nobis. P. minus Huds. 

Caput XXXII. Erysimtiin Cereale seu Fagopyron. 

P. 590, 1. Pagopyron, Dod., etc. Cited Hort. Cliff. 151. Polygonum 
Fagopyrum L. = Fagopyrum sagittatum Gilib. 



PAES II. SECT. V 61 

2. Frumentum Saracenicum alterum Convolvuli modo scandens 
. . . nobis. Cited Hort. CliiF. 150. Polygonum Con- 
volvulus L. 

Caput XXXIII. Folygonum. 

P. 591, 1. Polygonum latifolium, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 150. 
P. avioulare L. 

Also a sheet, varietas prions, queried by White and 
Bucknall as var. microspermum Jord. Also a, sheet P. 
latis brevibusquefolHs densius stipatis = ? var. humifusum 
Jord. 

2. P. maximum longissimis cauliculis et foliis, nobis. P. Bel- 

lardi AU., testibiis Bucknall and White. 

3. P. maritimum latifolium, C. B. P. P. maritimum L. 

592, 4. P. perenne procumbens . . . floribus in capitulum congestis, 

nobis. Telephium Imperati L. 

5. P. montanum minimum niveum . . . Ad. Lob. Paronychia 

argentea L. 

Another sheet, P. minus candicans capitulis surrectis Bot. 

Monsp. 804, is P. serpyllifolia DC. 

593, 1. P. litoreum minus flosculis spadiceo albicantibus, C. B. P. 

Cited Hort. Cliff. 112. Corrigiola littoralis L. 

Bobart labels it P. vel Linifolia per Uifum sparsa, flove 
Scotpioides J. B. 3. 379. 

2. P. minus sive Millegrana major, Hemiaria glabra, nobis. 

Cited Hort. Cliff. 41. Hemiaria glabra L. 

A second sheet, labelled P. minus sive Millegrana major 
hirsuta C. B. P., is Hemiaria inoana Lam. 

3. P. minimum sive Millegrana minima, C. B. P. Cited Hort. 

Cliff. 104. Linum Radiola L. = Eadiola Linoides Roth. 

594, 4. P. parvum flore albo verticiUato, J. B. Chabr. Illecebrum 

verticillatum L. 

6. P. Germanis Knawell, Trag. Cited Hort. Cliff. 166. Sole- 

ranthuB annuus L. 

7. P. maritimum minus foliis Serpilli, C. B. P. Prankenia 

pulverulenta L. 

8. P. maritimum Chamaesyces folio, nobis. P. laevis L. 

9. P. maritimum lentifolium, nobis. P. pulverulenta L. 

1 0. P. maritimum folio Alsines, nobis. Polyoarpon tetraphyl- 
lum L. 

De MoUientibus. 
Caput XXXIV. Beta. 

P. 596, 2. Beta alba . . . quae Sicula et Cicla ofiBcinarum, C. B. P. 
Beta vulgaris L. var. Ciola Moquin. 



62 PLANTAEUM HISTOBIAE OXONIENSIS 

3. B. rubra vulgaris, C. B. P. B. vulgaris var. purpurasoens 

Moquin. 

4. B. platycaulos, Lugd. B. viilgaris var. lutea (DC.) Moquin. 
597, 7. B. Cretica semine spinosa seu aculeate, C. B. P. Emex 

spinosa Campd. 

Caput XXXV. Spinacliia. 

P. 598, 1. Spinacliia semine spinosa, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. 1027. 
Spinaoia oleracea L. 
2. S. semine non spinosa, C. B. P, S. glabra Mill. 

Caput XXXVI. BUtum. 

P. 599, 1. Blitum perenne Spinachiae facie, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 
84. Chenopodium Bonus-Henricus L. 

2. B. majus album, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 444. Amaran- 

thus oleraoeus L. 

3. B. ma.jus rubrum, C. B. P. Ger. A. viridis L., iestibus 

Bucknall and White. 

5. B. minus rubrum, C. B. P. Chenopodium polysper- 

mum. L. 

6. B. minus Polyspermon . . . C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 28. 

C. polyspermuin L. 

Caput XXXVII. Farietaria. 

P. 600, 1. Parietaria Dioscoridis et officinarura, C. B. P. Cited Sp. 

PI. 1052 for P. officinalis L. The specimen is P. diffusa 

Mert. and Koch = P. ramiflora Moench = P. judaica L. 
Also a sheet labelled Parietaria Lipsiensium major latifolia 

Mentzel. P. officinalis L. 
2 and 3. P. Sicula Alsines folia, Boccon. Rootless specimens, probably 

P. lusitanica L. 

, De Pentapetalis. 

Caput XXXVIII. Amaranthus. 

P. 602, 1. Amaranthus foliis variegatis , . . nobis. Amaranthua 
tricolor L., iestibus Bucknall and White. 

3. A, paniculis propendentibus . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliif. 

443. Amaranthus caudatus L. Sp. PI. ; specimen is 
doubtful. 

4. A. major paniculis surrectis . . . nobis. A. patulus Bert., 

testibus Bucknall and White. 

5. A. minor paniculis surrectis . . . nobis. A. paniculatus L., 

testibus Bucknall and White. 



PARS II. SECT. V 63 

De MoUientibus. 
Caput XXXIX. Atriplex. 

P. 604, 1. Atriplex silvestris latifolia, C, B. P. Chenopodium hy- 
toridiim L. 

3. A. silvestris folio sinuate candicante, C. B. P. C. album L. 

4. A. silvestris altera folio sinuato saturate virente . . . nobis. 

C. urbioum L. var. intermediuin Moq. 

605, 6. A. foetida, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 84. Chenopodium 

Vulvaria L. 

7. A. odora seu suaveolens, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 84. C. Bo- 

trys L. 

8. A. odora sive suaveolens Americana . : . nobis. Cited Sp, PI, 

220. C. ambrosioides L. 

606, 9. A. Mori fructu major . . . nobis.. C. capitatum Ascbers. 

10. A. Mori fructu minor . . . nobis. ' Plantam ipsam singulis 

annis florentem et semina ferentem habemus in Horto 
Publico Universitatis.' C. virgatum Thunb. 

11. A. Mori fructu minima, nobis. B. virgatum L. = C. virga- 

tum Thunb. 

12. A. hortensis alba . . . C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 469. 

Atriplex hortensia L, 
607, 14. A. silvestris annua folio deltoide triangulari sinuato . . . 
nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 1053. A. hastata L. = A. pa tula 
L. var. angustifolia (Sm.). 

16. A. angustifolia laciniata minor, J. B. Chabr, Imperfect ; 

perhaps Chenopodium serotiniun L. 

17. A. maritima laciniata, C. B. P. from S. Dale. Cited Hort. 

Cliff. 469. Atriplex laciniata L. 

19. A. maritima perennis . . . nobis. A. patula L., teste Arth. 

Bennett. 

20. A. minima angustifolia maritima, Boccou. A. patula L. 

var. angustifolia (Sm.). 

21. A. latifolia seu Halimus fruticosus . . . nobis. Cited Hort. 

Cliff. 469. A. Halimus L. 
608, 22. A. maritima angustifolia procumbens, nobis. A. Portula- 
coides L. 
23. A. maritima angustissimo folio, nobis. A. Portulacoides L. 

Caput XL. Kali. 

P. 609, 1. Kali majus semine cochleato, Ger. An Alga, Halurus 

equisetifolius Eiitz. 
610, 3. K. minus album semine splendente, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. 

221. Chenopodium maritimum L. = Suaeda, Forskal = 
X)oudia maritima Druce. 



6 4 PLANTAEUM HISTOEIAE OXONIENSIS 

7. K. geniculatum alteram vel minus, C. B. P. Cited Aiton 
Hort. Kew. i. 12, 1810, for Salioomia arabica L. The 
specimen is S. macroatachya Moric, testibus Bucknall 
and White. 
611, 8. K. geniculatum majus, C. B. P. S. maorostachya Moric. 

9. K. fruticosum minus . . . nobis. Suaeda maritima Dum. = 
Dondia maritima Druce. 
10. K. fruticosum majus alterum flore majore, nobis. Suaeda 
fruticosa Forsk. = D. fruticosa Druce. 

2. K. spinosa affinis planta, nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 222. Salsola 
Kali L. 

Caput XLI. Mercnrialis Cynocramlie seu Fhyllou. 

P. 612, 1. Mercurialis testiculata sive mas, et 2, femina Dioscoridis et 

Plinii, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 461. Mercurialis 

annua L. 
613, 3 and 4. M. montana testiculata, et spicata, C. B. P. Cited 

Hort. Cliff. 461. M. perennis L. 
5. Phyllon testiculatum, et 6, P. spicatum, C. B. P. Cited 

Hort. Cliff. 461. M. tomentosa L. 

De Pentapetalis. 

Cafitt XLII. Eapatoriam Graecoram seu Agrimouia. 

P. 614, 1. Eupatorium veterum seu Agrimonia inodom . . . nobis. 
Cited Hort. Cliff. 179. Agrimonia Eupatoria L. 
2. E. odoratum Santonense . . . nobis. The name suggests 
A. odorata Mill., but the specimen is A. Eupatoria L., 
teste Dr. Bucknall. 
615, 3. E. maxime odoratum, nobis. The name suggests A. odorata 
Mill. The specimen is A. Eupatoria L., teste Dr. Bucknall. 
4. Agrimonia similis planta, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 179. 
Agrimonia Agrimonoides L. (Aremonia, Necker). 

De Plantis Floribus Muscosis. 
Caput XLIII. Sauicula. 

P. 616, 1. Sanicula officinarum, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 88. 
Sanicula europaea L. 

De Dipetalis. 

Caput XLIV. Solanifolia. 

P. 617, 1. Solanifolia Circaea dicta major, C. B. P. Circaea lute- 
tiana L. 
2. S. Circaea Alpina, C. B. P. C. alpina L. 



PLANTAEUM HISTOEIAE OXONIENSIS 

PARS III. 

Sectio VI. De Planus Coetmbiferis seu Corymbosis. 
Flantae Corym'bosae. 
Caput I. Tanacetum. 

P. 2, 1. Tanacetum vulgare luteum, C. B. P. Cited Hort. ClifiF. 398. 

Tanacetum vulgare L. 
2, 2. T. foliis crispis, C. B. P. T. vulgare L. var. crlspum DC. 

Flantae Corymbiferae. 
Caput II. Balsamita. 

P. 3, 1. Balsamitamajor, Brunfel. Plowerless specimens. Cited Hort. 
Glifi'. 398. Chrysanthemuin Balsamita L. 
2. B. minor, Dod. Cited, but with inaccurate reference, Sp. PL 
897. Achillea Ageratum L. 

Caput III. Draco Herba sen Tarchon. 

P. 3. Draco Herba, Dod. Artemisia Dracunoulus L. 

Caput IV. Ambrosia. 

P. 4, 1. Ambrosia hortensis lanuginosa, Nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 443. 
Ambrosia maritima L. 

2. A. Virginianaelatior. Cited Sp. PI. 988. A. elatior L. 

3. A. Malabarica Artemisiae folio . . . Hort. Mai. Parthenium 

Hysterophorus L. 

4. A. major inodora Marrubii . . . D. L. Pluknet. No specimen. 

Cited Sp. PI. 988 for Ambrosia artemisiifolia L. 

5. A. Virginiana maxima Platani Orientalis folio. Cited Sp. PI. 

987. A. trifida L. 

Caput V. Artemisia. 

Pi 5, 1. Artemisia latifolia vulgaris major, C. B. P. Cited Hort. 
Cliff. 404. Artemisia vulgaris L. ; also specimens with 
variegated leaves. 

1S74 P 



6(; PLAKTAEUM HISTORIAE OXONIENSIS 

2. A. Chinensis, cujus mollugo Moxa dicitur, D. D. L. Pluknet. 
From Fort St. George. An Moxa, from Du Bois. A. Txilgaris 
L. var. indioa(Willd.). Not the true A. MoxaDCa, Chinese 
species. Moxa was used as a tinder to bum the skin causing 
a blister, with or without a cupping glass, 
6, 4. A. tenuifolia, Dod. A. campestris L. 

Caput VI. Absintliiimi. 

P. 7, 1. Absinthium vulgare majus, J. B. Cited Hort. Cliff. 404. 

Artemisia Absinthium L. 
2. A. insipidum Absinthio vulgari simili, C. B. P. A. Absinthium 

L. var. insipidum DC. 
; 3. A. arborescens, Lob. A. arborescens L. 

4. A. Alpinum vel commune minus, Gesn. Hoi-t. Cited Hort. 

Cliff, 403. A. campestris L. 

5. A. maritiraum Lavendulae folio, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. 849. 

A. caerulescens L. 

6. A. tenuifolium . . . Monomotapense, Breynii. 

Imperfect specimen, probably A. Herba-alba Asso. 

7. A. Santonicum Alexandrinum, C. B. P. Achillea Santolina L. 

8, 18. A. Santonicum Aegyptiacum, C. B. P. Achillaea aegy- 

ptiaca L. 

14. A. tenuifolium coiymbisaequalibusseucompactis, Nobis. Tana- 

cetum annuum L., teste J. Hutchinson. 

15. A. Ponticum vulgare . . , J. B. Cited Hort. Cliff. 404. 

Artemisia pontioa L. 

16. A. Austriacum tenuifolium, J. B. Artemisia austriaca Jacq. 

9, 22. A. Seriphium Belgicum, C. B. P. Artemisia maritima L. 
23. A. Seriphium Gallicum, C. B. P. Imperfect sp. of Artemisia sp. 

Caput VII. Abrotoniun.. 

P. 11, 1. Abrotonum mas vulgare, Fuchsii. Cited Hort. Cliff. 403. 

Artemisia Abrotamim L. 
4. A. mas angustifolium viridius et tenuius, Chalep. Prom 

Aleppo. A. critbmifolia L., teste J. Hutchinson. 
€. A. inodorum foliis Crithmi lucidis obscure virentibus, Schola 

Bot. Paradis. No specimen. Cited Sp. PI. 846 for A. crithmi- 

folia L. 

8. A. odoratum humile, Lugd. A. crithmifolia L., teste J. 

Hutchinson. 

12. A. foemina foliis teretibus C. B. P. No specimen. Cited Hort. 
Cliff. 397. Santolina Chamaeoyparissus L. 
12,13. A. foemina villosis et incanis foliis C. B. P. S. rosmarinifolia 
L. var. canesceus Boiss. 



PAES III. SECT. VI 67 

17. A. foemina odore unotuoso, C. B. p. Chamaecypanssusunguen- 

taria J. B. (tab. 3). S. Chamaecypariasus L., teste J. 
Hutchinson. 

18. A. foemina foliis Cupressi, C. B. P. S. Chamaeoyparissus L. 
20. A. foemina foliis Rosmarinis majus C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. 842. 

S. rosmarinifolla L. 
22. A. foemina viride, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PL 842, S. rosmarini- 
folia L. = S. rosmarinifolla, L. var. vulgaris Boiss. (Will- 
komm & Lange, Prod. Fl. Hisp. ii. 81). The specimen is a 
glabrous form. 

Caput VIII. Caltha sive Calendula, etc. 

P. 13, 1. Caltha flore simplici, J. B. (et No. 2 flora pleno). Calendula 

offleinalis L. 
14, 5. C. prolifera maioribus et minoiibus floribus, C. B. P. A hen 

and chicken form of Calendula ofiaoinalis L. In Hort. Cliff. 

425, figs. 1-3-4-5 and 6 are cited under no. 1. 

6. C. arvensis, C. B. P. Calendula arvensis L. 

8. C. . . . Afrioana flore intus albo, extra ferrugineo. Cited Sp. PI. 
ed. ii. 1304. Calendula pluvialis L. = Dimorphotlieoa plu- 
vialis Moench. 

Caput IX. Cbrysanthenmm sen Buphthalmum. 

P. 15, 1. Chrysanthemum segetum vulgare glaucum, Nobis. Cited 

Sp. PI. 890. Clirysanthemiun segetum L. 
16, 2. C. segetum nostras folio glauco . . . D. L. Pluk. 

3. C. Creticum foliis viridibus profundius laciniatis. Nobis, Nos. 

2 and 3 cited Sp. PI. 890. C. ooronarium L. 

4, C. Creticum mixtum, Eyst. C. coronarium L. One specimen 

is patiim Candida partim luteo. Another a monstrous con- 
dition in which the ray-florete are tubular ; and yet another 
sidphureo magno flore. 

7. C tenuifolium . . . J. B. Cited Hort. Cliff. 414. Anthemis 

valentina L. = Anaoyolus radiatus Lois, (non Anacyclus 
valentinus L.). 

8. C. ferulaceum Valentinum . . , nobis. Anaoyclua valen- 

tinus L. 

10. C. Africanum ereotum Tanaceti folio, flore simplici . . . nobis. 

Tagetes sp. 

11. C. . . . flore pleno . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 418. Tagetes 

ereota L. 

12. C petaUs florum fistulosis. Tagetes erecta L. forma. 

J3. C. Africanum Tanaceti folio procumbens, . . , nobis. Cited 

Hort. Cliff. 418. Tagetes patula L. 
F 2 



68 PLANTAEUM HISTOKIAE OXONIENSIS 

17,20. ChryRanthemum Cannabinum bidens . .. nobis. Cited Hort. 
Cliff. 399. Bidens tripartita L. 

21. C. . . . Americanum. . . . Cited Sp. PI. 832. B. frondosa L. 

22. C. . . . foliis integris oblongis, nobis. B. cernua L. 

23. C. aquaticum bidens . . . Lelii Triumfetti. No Specimen. 

Cited Sp. PI. 909 for Coreopsis Bidens L.= B. oemua L., 
f. radiata. 

24. C. Cannabinum bidens Virginianum Cicutariae foliis. . . . Cited 

Sp. PI. 833. B. bipinnata L. 

18, 26. C. Conyzoides foliis circa florem rigidis, nobis. Cited Hort. 
Cliff. 415. Buphthalmum spinosum L. = Falleuis apinosa 

Cass. 

27. C. Conyzoides cernuum foliis circa florem moUibus, nobis. Cited 

Sp. PI. 860. Carpesium cernuum L. 

28. C. Ragusinum folio Verbasci. Leaves only. Iniila Candida 

Cass., teste J. Hutchinson. 

29. C. Conyzoides supinum Monspeliense. Odontospermum jnari- 

timum Sch. Bip. 

30. C. Conyzoides odoratum Creticum, nobis. Bad specimen. 

Cited Hort. ClifF. 414. Buphthalmum aquaticum L. = 
O. aquaticum Sch. Bip. 

19, 31. C. Conyzoides palustre minus flore globoso, nobis. Cited Hort. 
ClifF. 405. Inula PulicariaL.=Pulicaria prostrata Asohers. 

35. C. Hispanicum Bellidis folio ramosum, D. L. PI. Chrysantlie- 

mum Myconis L. 

36. C. Bellidis folio non ramosum, nobis. C. Myconis L. 

37. C. annuum majus Virginianum. . . . Cited Sp. PL 901. Rud- 

beckia triloba L. 

38. C. Indicum maximum annuum . . . nobis. No specimen. Cited 

Hort. Cliff. 419. Helianthus annuua L. 
20, 40. C. foliis longis ferulaceis. . . . Coreopsis angustifolia Ait., 
teste J. Hutchinson. 

41. C. perenne brevioribus et incanis foliis . . . nobis. Cited Hort. 

Cliff. 414. Probably Anthemis tinotoria L. 

42. C. perenne Tanaceti foliis alatis . . . nobis. The specimen 

appears to be A. Triumfetti A]1. = A. austriaca Jacq. (I. K.). 

43. C. Orientale Cotulae folio ampliore, nobis. Chrysanthemum 

ooronarium L. var., teste J. Hutchinson. 
21, 44. C. Ericoides Capitis Bonae spei, Breyn. Cent. 1. Staavia 
radiata Dabl. 

45. C. Virginianum folio auctiore laevi trifoliate. . . . Cited Sp. PI. 

908. Coreopsis tripteris L. 

46. C. Virginianum trifoliatum humilius . . . Cited (f. 45) Sp. PI. 

908. Coreopsis auriculata L. 



PARS III. SECT. VI no 

48. C. perenne Gnaphaloidea maritimum, nobis. Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 
1182. Athanasia maritima L.=Dioti8 maritiraa Cass. 

52. C. Madraspatanum . . . D. L. Pluk. Fragmentary specimen. 

IBclipta alba Hassk., teste J. Hutchinson. 

53. C. perenne minus Salicis folio Cited Sp. PI. (f. 52) 904, 

Buphthalmum grandiflomm L. = B. salicifoliutn. L. 
22,55. C. Americanum perenne . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. (f. 53) 906. 
Budbeckia laoiniata L. 

56. C. Americanum perenne foliis magis dissectis. . . . Cited Sp. 

PL (t. 54; 906. K. laoiniata L. 

57. C. perenne majus Virginianum Platani Orientalis folio. No 

specimen. Cited Sp. PI. (f. 55) ed. ii. 1303 for Poljrmnia 
Uvedalia L. 
23, 59. C. perenne majus . . . Americanum tuberosum, nobis. Leaf 
only. Cited Hort. Cliff. 419 and Bot. Mag. t. 7545. Heli- 
anthus tuberosus L. 

61. C. Americanum majus perenne floris solis. . . . Cited Sp. PI. 

ed. ii. 1277 and Bot. Mag. t. 227. Helianthus multiflorus L. 
= H. decapetalus L. 

62. C. Virginianum latifolium . . . majus. Probably H. soaberri- 

muB Ell. (H. rigidus Desf. I. K.j. 

63. C. Virginianum latifolium . . . minus, nobis. Probably H. sca- 

berrimus Ell. 

65. C. Helenii folio . . . D. Pluk. Leaves only. Cited Sp. PI. 907 

for Budbeckia hirta L. 

66. C. Virginianum repens. . . . Cited Sp. PI. 906. Helianthus 

divaricatus L. 

67. C. Canadense latifolium altissimum, Moris. Praelud. Bot. No 

specimen. Cited Sp. PI. 905 for H. strumosus L. 

68. C. Canadense latifolium humilius, Moris. Praelud. Bot. Eele- 

nium autumnale L., teste J. Hutchinson. 

69. C. Canadense Rapunculi radice . . H. L. Bat. Cited Hort. 

Cliff. 420. Helianthus strumosus L. 
24, 70. C. Virginianum elatius ... H. giganteus L. 

71. C. Virginianum altissimum angustifolium. . . . Cited Sp. PI. 

906 (f. 67) and Bot. Mag. t. 7555. H. giganteus L. 

72. C. Virginianum foliis asperis. . . . Cited Sp. PI. 920 (f. 68). 

Silphium trifoliatum L. 

73. C. Virginianum foliis glabris. . . . Cited Sp. PI. 904 (f. 69). 

Buphthalmum Helianthoides L. = Heliopsis laevis Pers. = 
H. Helianthoides Sweet. 

80. C. Madraspatanum Oxyacanthae foliis . . . D. Pluk. 'Wedelia 
calendulaoea Less., teste 3. Hutchinson. 
25,83. C. Virginianum alatocaule bidens altissimum . . . nobis. Cited 
Sp. PI. 909. Coreopsis alternifolia L. = Actinomeris squarrosa 
Nutt. = A. alternifolia DC, confirmed by J. Hutchinson. 



70 PLANTARUM HISTOKIAE OXONIENSIS 

84, C. Virginianum alato caule bidens ramosiuB. A. altemifolia 
DC, teste J. Hutchinson. 

87. C. Curassavicum alato caule. . . . Cited Hort. Cliff. 411. Ver- 
beslna alata L. 
Sub 88. Chrysanthemum ex Instills Charibeis . . . D.L. Plukenet. 
No specimnn. Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 1273 for Buphthalmum 
frutesoens L. = Borriohia frutescens DC. 

Caput X. Adonis riore Luteo. 

P, 26, 1. Adonis praecox perennis flore luteo . . . nobis. Cited Hoit. 
Cliff, 231. Adonis vemalis L. 

Bistributio Secunda : De Eranthemis, seu floribus rubris 
praeditis. 

Caput XI. Adonis, sen Flos Adonidis. 

P. 27, 1. Adonis aestivalis flore minora ruberrimo, nobis. No specimen. 
Fig. 1. Cited DC. Syst. i. 222 for A. autumnalis L. = 
A. annua L. 

2. A. sylvestris flore phoeniceo . . . C. B. P. Very young specimen. 

Cited Hort. Cliff. 231. A. annua L. 

3. A. tenuissimo folio, flore minimo. . . . Cited DC. Syst. 224. 

A. aestivalis L. 

Distrihutio Tertia : De Leucanthemis. 
Caput XII. Bellis, etc. 

P. 28, 1. Bellis polyclonos sylvestris major . . . nobis. Cited Hort. 
Cliff. 416. Chrysanthemum Leucanthemum L. 

29, 2. B. Pyrenaica latissimo folio. . . Schol. Bot. Par. Leucanthemum 
subglauoum De Laramb., testibus Bucknall and White = 
C. pallens J. Gay 1833. 

4. B. Alpina major rigido folio, C. B. P. From Monte Baldo. 

C. Leuoanthemum L., corroborated by J. Hutchinson. 

11. B. major radicerepente ... D. Moris. Praelud. Bot. No specimen. 
Cited Sp. PI. 888 for C. serotinum L. 

16. B. major spinosa petalis carens sive nuda. Park. Cited Sp. PI. 
890. C. floBculosum L. 

30, 18. B. Tanaceti foliis minor . . . nobis. Leuoanthemum corymbo- 
sum Gren. and Godr., testibus Bucknall and White, = C. co- 
rymbosum L. 

19. B. Tanaceti folio major et elatior ... nobis. C. corymbosum L., 
teste J. Hutchinson 

20. B. perennis Matricariae folio, nobis. Achillea maerophylla L. 



PARS III. SECT, VI 71 

22. B. major Americana frutescens . . . nobis. 'In hybernacula 

Horti Regii Hamptoniensis luxuriat, et perpetuo fronde 
viret.' Bidens pilosa L. 

23. B. polyclonos annua Africana Coronopi folio . . . nobis. Cited 

Sp. PI. ed. ii. 1182. Athanasia annua L. = Lonas inodora 
Gaertn. (I. K.) = Lonas annua (L.), 

24. B. annua capitulo aphyllo luteo, H. L. Bat. Cited Sp. PL 892. 

Cotula coronopifolia L. 
26. B. monoclones media montana, nobis. Bellis sylvestris 

Cyrill. 
31, 29. B. minor pratensis seu vulgaris Dod. Cited Hort. Cliff. 418, 

B. perennis L. 
30. B. minor hortensis flore pleno . . . C. B. P. Red and variegated 

double-flowered form of tlie Garden Daisy, B. hortensis 

Mill. 
81. B. minor hortensis prolifera, Cam. ' Hen and Chicken ' form of 

the Garden Daisy. B. hortensis Mill. 
33. B. minima annua, Triumfetti. B. annua L. 

Caput XIII. Matricaria sen Fartheuiniu. 

P. 32, 1. Matricaria vulgaris, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 416. 
Matricaria Parthenium L. = Chrysanthemum Parthenium 
Bernh. 
2. M. buUatis floribus sive nuda, Hort. Reg. Bles. Discoid form 
of C. Parthenium Bernh. 
Also var. h florum petalis fistulosis simplex. 

4. M. marina seu Parthenium marinum, Adv. Lob. M. maritima 

L., teste J. Hutchinson. 

5. M. inodora, C. B. P. Bad specimen. ? M. inodora L. 

S3, 8. M, Indica latiore folio . . . Tsjetti, Hort. Mai. Cited Sp. PI. 
889. Chrysanthemum indieum L. var. /3 = C. sinense 
Sabine, teste J. Hutchinson. 

Caput XIV. Pyrethmm. 

P. 33. Pyrethrum oorymbiferum flore Bellidis, nobis. Cited Hort. 
Cliff. 414. Anthemis Pyrethrum L. = Anacyclus Pyre- 
thrum DC. 

Caput XV. Chamaemelxiii] , 

P. 35, 1. Chamaemelum odoratissimum repens flore simplici, J. B. 
Cited Hort. Cliff. 415. Anthemis nobilis L. 

2. C. repens odoratissimum perenne flore multiplici, J. B, A, no- 

bilis L. flore plena. 

3. C. luteum capitulo aphyllo, C, B. P. A. nobilis L. var. 

discoidea. 



72 PLANTAKUM HISTORIAE 0X0NIENSI3 

7. C. Canariense ceratophyllum fruticosiue . . . BelUs Canariensis 

frutescens, foliis crassis, Pyrethri saporf, D. Sherard. (Cul- 
tivated in Hort. Ox. prior to 1699.) Cited Sp. PL 888. 
Cliryaanthemum frutescens L. 

8. C. vulgare leucanthemum, DioBcoridis, 0. B. P. Cited Hort. 

Cliff, (fig. 7) 415. Matricaria Chamomilla L. 

9. C. serotinum annuum, nobis. kXsoflore plena and flore duplici 

aut triplici petalorum aerie donato. M. inodora L. 
36, 11. C. annuum praecox faetidum . . . nobis. Anthemis Cotula L. 

12. C. annuum ramosum. ... No specimen. Cited Sp. PI. 893 for 

A. Cota L. 

13. C. ramosius lanuginosum . . . nobis. A. Cota L., teste 

J. Hutchinson. 

15. C. inodorum annuum humilius. . . . Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 1253 

for Chrysanthemum inodorum L. = Matricaria inodora L. 
The specimen is Anaoyclus radiatus Lois., teste J. 
Hutchinson. 

16. C. Africanum annuum . , . Matricaria capenais L., teste 

J. Hutchinson. 

17. C. Aethiopicum lanuginosum Breyn. Cent. 1. Cited Sp. PI. 892 

(f. 14). Cotula turbinata L. = Cenia turbinata Pars. 

18. C. annuum ramosum Coronopi folio flore mixto, nobis. Cited 

Sp. Fl. 894. Anthemis mixta L. 

Also another sheet which is A. mixta L. var., a garden 
specimen so named in Herb. Kew., teste J. Hutchinson. 

Caput XVI. Millefoliniu. 

P. 38, 1. Millefolium Canadense elatius flore albo, Schol. Bot. Paris. 
Achillea Millefolium L. var. americana. 

3. M. Tanaceti foliis flore albo, D. Morison, Praelud. Bot. 

A. tanacetifolia All. 

4. M. nobile & Statiotes vera, Trag. Cited DC. Prod, v, p. 26. 

A. nobilis L. 
6. M. vulgare album, C. B. P. A. Millefolium L. 

Also a sheet Millefolium humile Camhro-Britannicum odore 
Tanaceti. This was found by my woHhy friend Mr. Fowke . . . 
below the rock Lin Dhu and the poole as you ascend Widva 
(Snowdon, Dr. Richardson). A. Millefolium L. var. 
7. M. odoratum minus Monspeliensium, Hort. Reg. Bles. 
A. odorata L. 

39,11. M. Alpinum incanum specioso flore, J. B. Chab. No specimen. 
Cited Sp. PI. 899 for A. nana L. 

12. M. Incanum Creticum . . . nobis. Flowerless specimen. 
A. cretica L. 

14. M. purpureum majus, C. B. Pet. Prod. A. tanacetifolia All. f. 

rubra. 



PARS III. SECT. VI 73 

16. M. tomentosum luteum, C. B. P. No specimen. Cited Hoit. 

Cliff. 413. A. tomentosa L. 
20. Millefolio affinis Madi-aspatana. No specimen. Cited Sp. PI. 

629 and Aiton Hort. Kew. iii. 431 (1811) for Selago corym- 

bosa L. 

Caput XVII. Dracuuciilns seu Ftarmica. 

P. 40, 1. Dracunculus pra,tensis viridis sive Ptarmica vulgaris, nobis. 
Cited Hort. Cliff. 412. Achillea Ptarmica L. 

2. D. pratensis flore pleno, C. B. P. A. Ptarmica L. flore pleno. 

3. D. pratensis alter Alpinus foliis Agerati, Schol. Bot. Par. 

Probably A. alpina L. 

4. D. Alpinua latiore folio serratus, Schol. Bot. Par. Probably 

A. alpina L. 

5. D. argenteus, sive Ptarmica incana humilis. . . . Hort. Lugd. 

Bot. Cited Sp. PI. 898. Achillea Clavennae L. 
41, 7. D. argenteus, sive Ptarmica Alpina humilis alatis foliis, nobis. 
Probably A. atrata L. 
9. D. latifolius, sive Ptarmica Virginiana folio Helenii, D. Moris. 
Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 1402. Farthenium integrifolium L. 

Caput XVIII. Ageratum. 

P. 42, 1. Ageratum folio angustiore serrato, flore albo, nobis. 
Achillea Ptarmica L., teste J. Hutchinson. 

Distributio Quarta : Floribus lanthemis seu violaceis. 
Caput XIX. Dracnnciiliis Virginianus, etc. 

P. 42, Dracunculus Virginianus . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 907 and Bot. 
t. 2, Rudbeokia purpurea L. 



Cafitt XX. Xerauthemtuu. sen Zeranthemoides. 

P. 43, 1. Xeranthemum Oleae folio, capitulis simplicibus, incanum 
foetens . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 858. Xeranthemum 
annuum L. var. inapertum L. = X. inapertum. Mill. 

2. X. . . . non foetens . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 857. X. an- 

nuum L. 

3. X. . . . petalis rigidis et pungenlibus Halebense. Seeds from 

Syria. Chardinia xeranthemoides Desf. 

Caput XXI. Scabiosa. 

P. 45, 1. Scabiosa major communior hirsuta folio laciniato, J. B. 
No specimen. Cited Hort. Cliff. 31. Scabiosa arvenais L. 
2, S. . . . folio non laciniato, J. B. No specimen. S. arvensia 
L. f. tntegrifolia (Roth). 



74 PLANTARUM HISTOEIAE OXONIENSIS 

3. Scabiosa latifolia rubro flore, J. B. Probably S. sylvatica L. 

4. S. Virgae pastoris folio, C. B. P. Knautia sylvatica Duby, 

testibus Bucknall and White : = S. sylvatica L. 
7. S. pratensis nostras praemorsa radice, nobis. Cited Hort. Clift. 
30. S. Suecisa L. 
46, 10. S. Alpina foliis Centaurii majoris, 0. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 

30. S. alpina L. = Cephalaria alpina Schrader. 

11. S. glabra foliis rigidis viridibus, J. B. Chabr. S. transyl- 

vanica L. = Cephalaria transylvanica Schrader, testihiis 
White and Bucknall. 

12. S. montana calidarum regionum major, Adv. Lob. Scabiosa 

leucantha L. = Cephalaria leuoantha Schrad., testibus 
White and Bucknall. 

13. S. altissima annua foliis Agrimon. . . . Herm. Cited Sp. PI. 98 

and Alton Hort. Kew. i. 223. Scabiosa transylvanica L. = 
Cephalaria transylvanioa Schrader. 

14. S. fruticans latifolia alba, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. 99 and Alton 

1. c. S. syriaca L. = Cephalaria syriaoa Schrader. 

47, 15. S. annua integrifolia, sive foliis Bellidis, Magnol. Specimen 

too imperfect to name -with certainty : ' Cf. S. Coliinibaria 
L.' W. B. Turrill and Dr. Stapf. 

16. S. Conyzoides Americana latifolia . . . Paradis. Bat. Prod. 

Cited Sp. PL 1272. Verbesina alba L. = Eclipta erecta L. 
(I. K.) = E. alba Hassk. 

17. S. Conyzoides Americana angustifolia . . . Par. Bat. Prod. 

Cited Sp. PI. 1272. Verbesina alba L. = Eclipta erecta L. 
= £. alba Hassk. 

18. S. glabra carnosis foliis virentibus . . . J. B. S. Coliimbaria 

L., queried by Bucknall and White as var. sub-alplna 
Brugg. 
20. S. capitulo globose major, C. B. P. No specimen. Cited Hort. 
Cliff. 31. S. Colmnbaria L. 

48, 21. S. minor vulgaris, J. B. Cited Hort. Cliff. 31. S. Colum- 

baria L. 
23. S. multifido folio flore flavescente, C. B. P. Leaves only. Cited 
Sp. PI. 101. S. ochroleuoa L. 

25. S. capitulo globoso . . . C. B. P. Ex Aleppo. Leaves only. 

' Cf Scabiosa gramimtla L.' Dr. Stapf and W. B. Turrill. 

26. S. peregrina rubra capitulo oblongo, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 

31. S. atropurpurea L. = S. maritima L. var. atropiir- 
purea (L.). 

27. S. Indica prolifera folio latiore, C. B. P. A proliferous form 

of the foregoing from Hort. Edinb. 

28. S. Indica dupliciter prolifera, Muntingii. The same, with the 

capitular branches 9 inches long. 

29. S. maritima parva, J. B. Chabr. ? S. ucranica L. 



PARS III. SECT. VI-VII 75 

49, 31. S. arborea Cretica Alpino, Park. Cultivated in Hort. Oxon. 
' Semina raro maturescunt.' Cited Sp. PI. 100 for S. cretica 
L ; but while the first of the specimens is of that species, the 
flowei-8 are those of Callistemma braohiatiun. Sibth., teste 
Dr. Stapf. 

33. S. Africana arborescens minor, Par. Bot. Prod. Leafy rosette 

only of Scabiosa sp. 
36. S. argentea angustifolia, C. B. P. et Prod. S. graminifolia L. 
38. S. foliis disseetis, flore amplo . . . Moris. Praelud. Bot. S. ma- 
rltima L., testibiis White and Bucknall. 
50, 39. S. Hispanica major, Clus. Cited Hort. Cliff. 31. S. stellata L. 
40. S. Hispanica minor, Clus. S. stellata L. 

43. S. Bellidis folio humilis . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 140 for Clobu- 

laria nudicaulis L. ; the specimen is, however, G. cordi- 
folia L. 

44. S. Bellidis folio humilis . . . radioe repente . . . nobis. Cited 

Sp. PL 96. G. eordifolia L. 
51,45. S. Bellidis folio Fyrenaica minima, nobis. No specimen. 

Cited Sp. PL 1. c. for G. eordifolia L. var. /3. 
46. S. Bellidis folio humilis, Globularia dicta, nobis. Cited Hort. 

Cliff. 490. G. vulgaris L. 
48. S. Bisnagarica, sive Globularia frutescens rigidis foliis . . . 

D. L. Pluknet. Cited Sp. PL 96. G. bisnagarica L. = 

G. vulgaris L. var. bisnagarica (L.). 

Sectio VII. De Planus Stellatis Lactescentibus non 
PAPPOsis ET PAPPosis ; Papposis non Lactescentibus. 

Distrihutio : De Plantis stellatis lactescentibus non 
papposis. 

Caput I. Intybns sive Endivia. 

P. 53, 2. Intybus sativa latifolia, sive Endivia vulgaris, C. B. P. 
Cited Hort. Cliff. 389. Ciehorium Endivia L. 

3. I. crispa, Matth. C. Endivia L. var. crispum. 

4. I. sive Endivia lutea verrucaria, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 390. 

Lapsana Zacintha L. = Zacintha verrucosa Gaertn. 

5. I. . . . lutea humilis stellate semine, nobis. Lapsana stellata 

L. = Rhagadiolus edulis Graertn. (I. K.) = R. stellatus 
Gaertn. 

6. I. . . . lutea . . . semine adunco, nobis. Hyoseris Hedypnoia 

L. = Rhagadiolus Hedypnois All. 

7. I. . . . lutea minor, et humilior ... ? Rhagadiolus creticus 

All. = R. Hedypnois All. var. creticus (AIL). 

8. I. . . . lutea minima . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 386. Arno- 

seris pusilla Gaertn. = A. minima Schw. & Koertn. 



76 PLANTAEUM HISTOEIAE OXONIENSIS 

54, 9. I. . . . erecta luiea Napifoiia, Lampsana dicta, nobis. Cited 
Hort. Cliff. 389. Lapsana communis L. 

Caput II, Cichoritim. 

P. 55, 1. Cichorium sativum, C. B. P. Cichorium Intybtia L. f. 

Bativum ; a,]so /lore albo. 
2. C. Sylvestre sive officinarum, C. B. P. Cited Hort. CUff. 389. 

C. Intybiis L. 
8. C. spinosum, Matth. Cited Hort. Cliff. 388. C. spinosum L. 
4. C. caeruleum, Coronopi foliis angustis . . . nobis. Cited Hort. 

Cli£F. 390. Catananche caerulea L. 

7. C. luteum Seolymoides . . . Narbonense, nobis. Scolyxaus 

hispanicus L. 

8. C. luteum Seolymoides . . . siculum . . . nobis. Bad specimen, 

but probably S. grand 1 floras or hispanicus. 

9. C. luteum Seolymoides . . . Hispanicum annuum, nobis. 

S. maculatus L. 

Distributio Secunda : De Lactescentibus papposis. 
Caput III. Zactuca. 

P. 57, 1. Lactuca sativa, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. 113. Nos. 1-14 are 
cultivated forms of Ijactuca sativa L. 

58, 15. L. sylvestris annua costa spinosa . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 
ed. ii. 1119 for L. Scariola var. y, the specimen is probably 
L. virosa L., but it is immature and imperfect. 

16. L. sylvestris Opii odore . . . viroso, Adv. Lob. Cited Sp. PI. 

795. L. virosa L. 

17. L. sylvestris laciniata, Park. Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 1119. 

L. Scariola L. (L. Serriola L., Amoen. iv. Cent. PI. ii. 1756 ) 

18. L. sylvestris annua costa spinosa, folio angustissimo glauco, 
nobis. Ij. saligna L. 

21. L. sylvestris perennislu tea juncea ... nobis. Very imperfect ; 

perhaps (as Bauhin's synonym suggests) Chondrilla juncea L. 
59, 22. L. montana perennis purpurocaerulea major, C. B. P. Cited 

Hort. Cliff. 383. Prenanthes purpurea L. 

23. L minor, C. B. P. See Hort. Cliflf. 383. P. purpurea L. 

25. L. perennis purpuro caemlea laciniata angustiore folio, nobis. 

L. perennis L., teste J. Hutchinson. 

Caput IV. Sonclms. 

P. 60, 1. Sonchus laevis laciniatus latifolius, C. B. P. Cited Hort. 
Cliff. 384. Sonchus oleraceus L. 
3. S. laevis in plurimas tenuissimas lacinias divisus, C. B. P. et 
Prod. S. tenerrimus L. 



PARS III. SECT. VII 77 

4. S. Africanus flore luteo amplo, fundo purpureo, nobis. A cul- 
tivated form of Pioridivun tingitanum Desf. (Reichardia 
tingitana Roth nom. priua.) 

'5. S. Madraspatanua Lampsanae foliis. Hort. Mai. Part 10, p. 135. 
Ex India Orient. D. Du Bois, Povuy Chedde. Biuilia Bon.- 
chifolia DC, teste J. Hutchinson. 

6. S. asper non laciniatus, C. B. P. Park. S. asper Hill. 
61, 9. S. asper laciniatus, C. B. P. S. asper Hill var. laoiniatus Lej. 

10. S. laciniatus Creticus amarus . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 
382. Tragopogon picroides L. = TTrospermiuu picroides 
F. W. Schmidt. 

61, 12. S. paludosus altissimus . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 885. 
S. palUBtris L. 

13. S. Hieraoites major repens . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 384. 

S. arvensis L. 

14. S. angustifolius maritimus, C. B. P. et Prod. S. maritimus L. 

15. S. laevis laciniatus muralis . . . C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 383. 

Prenanthes muralis L. = Lactuoa muralis Gaertn. 

Caput V. Eieracinm. 

1. Hieracia seminibus longioribus, annua. 

P. 63, 1. Hieracium annuum glabrum squamoso calyce . . . nobis. 
Hypochoeris glabra L. 

3. H. Dentis Leonis folio, folio suaverubente, C. B. P. Crepis 

rubra L. 

4. H. luteum Ciohorii sylvestris folio . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 

ed. ii. 1133. C. foetida L. 

5. H. annuum elatius cichoraceis foliis hirsutis. C. biennis L. 

Note by Buddie : / like your name S^ specimen very u-ell. 
It is ye Hier. Chondrillae folio hirsutum C. B. 127 wch you 
mention Hist. Ox. 66. This I fnd about Woolwich in Kent. 
Tis not ye Hier. luteum hirsutum I. B. 

Another sheet, from S. Dale, labelled Hier. maximum 
asperum Chondrillae folio C. B. Rail Syn. (ii.) 73. 6, with a 
note — As I retum'd from Oxford Anno 1709 I found this 
plant in the Parish of St. Paul's Walden in Hertfordshin . 

64, 6. H. intybaceum latifolium. ... C sstoaa Haller f., teste 
J. Hutchinson. 
7. H. minus Dentis Leonis folio subaspero, C. B. P. Leontodon 
hirtus L = L. nudicaulis Banks : the type specimen, from 
Shotover Hill, Oxon, of the species which Bobart added to 
the British Flora. Note by Buddie : There are two sorts, 
one oaule nudo ramoso &j the other caule nudo non ramoso, 
the first I take to he ye Hier. longius radicatum Park. 790 i^ 
Ger. 208, ye other is the Dens Leunis minimus asper Tumf. 



78 PLANTABUM HISTORIAE OXONIENSIS 

Inst. 469, Dens Leonis pumilus saxatilis asper radice fibrosa 
BobaH Hist. Ox. Tab. 7 Sect. 7 (flg. 13), 4- cut again Tab. S. 
Fig. 13 <Sf called Hier. ptimilum saxatile asperum praetnorsa 
radice C. B. Prod. 66, occurrit frequentissime folio laciniato 
interdum integro, 

2, Hieracia sem. longior., perennia, 

8. H. minus praemorsa radice, Park. Leontodon autumnalis L. 
11. H. Alpestre majus Endiviae planae foliis . . , Hypochoeris 

maculata L. 
13. H. Hiapanicum amplo Dentis Leonis flora patulo, nobis, 

Crepis blattaroides Vill. 

65, 16. H. Brucae folio hirsutum, J. B. Flowerless specimen, sug- 

gesting Iieontodon hiBpanlcus Poir. 
17. H. pulchrum ramosum Sprengerianum, J. B. Cited Sp. PI. 
804. Hieracium Sprengerianum L. = Picria Spreugeriana 
Poir. 

20. H. majus Ciohorii . . . nobis. Scrap of Crepis sp. ? 

21. H. pratense vesicarium . . . nobis. C. vesicaria L. 

24. H. Montanum Rapifolium, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. 805. C. vesi- 
caria L. 

66, 25. H. montanum foliis dentatis flore magno, C. B. P. The 

imperfect specimen is glued down so as to cover the phyl- 
laries ; I think it is Hypochoeris maculata L. 

28. H. hedypnois Monspessulana . . . J. B. Bad specimen, pro- 

bably TTrospermum Dalechampii F. W. Schmidt. 

29. H. Dentis Leonis folio obtuso majus, 0. B. P. Cited (fig. 27) 

Sp. PI. 811. Hypcolioeris radicata L. 

30. H. Chondrillae folio hirsutum, C. B. P. Leontodon autum- 

nalis L., with some of the leaves very deeply cut. 

3. Hieracia sem. brevioribus, annua. 

67, 31. H. Chondrillae folio glabrum, C. B. P. Crepis virens L. = 

C. capillaria Wallr. 

68, 34. H. proliferum falcatum, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 387 (fig. 

32). Crepis barbata L. = Tolpis barbata Gaertn. ; another 
sheet flo. albido D. Rand is a poor specimen of the same, 
teste J. Hutchinson. 

35. H. medio nigrum Baeticum majus, Clus. Cur. Tolpis barbata 
Gaertn. 

37. H. annuum Chondrillae folio, calyce barbate . . . Crepis 
setosa Hall. f. 

39. H. incanum lanuginosum Eagusinura . . . Herm. H. L. Bat, 
App. Urospermum pioroides P, W, Schmidt. 



PARS III. SECT. VII 79 

40. H. annuum montanum fruticosius . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PL 

ed. ii. 1134. Crepis pulchra L. var. ^ = Phaecasium 
lampaanoides Cass. (I. K.). 

41. H. echioides capitulis Cardui benedicti, C. B. P. Cited Hort. 

Cliff. 387. Pioris ISchioides L. 

42. Hieracium Echioides capitulis Cardui benedicti, foliis piofunde 

sinuatis. Represented by a single radical leaf, labelled 
Hierac. capit. Cardui ben. foJiis glabris D. Sherard ; possibly 
P. Echioides L., teste J. Hutchinson. 

4. Hieracia sem. brev., perennia. 

69, 45. H. Alpinum angustissimo oblongoque folio C. B. Prod. 8. Ex 

HoH. Patav. H. glauoum All., testibus Bucknall and White. 

Another sheet, H. folio integro, longo, angusto, acuminata, 

monanOies, Rati Hist. 3, p. 144, cf. Sonohiis naaritimus L., 

teste J. Hutchinson. 

46. H. montanum latifolium glabrum majus C. B. P. Crepis 

blattaroides Vill. Note by Buddie : I like this plant 
becaiise it represents to me a plant I have not yet seen viz. Hier. 
montanum Cichorei folio nostras R. Syn. 72, let me know 
whether you have seen this. 

47. H. montanum latifolium minus C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. 803. 

Hieracium paludosum L. = C. paludosa Mo^nch. 

Also a leaf-specimen with the following note in Di-. 
Richardson's hand : — Hier. montanum Chichorei folio, nostras 
R. S. M. (Ray's Syn. p. 166) in some moist medotps hnJongin;/ 
to Ben: Ferrand Esqr. joyning upon his house nigh Binghy 
in Yorkshire in plenty, alsoe in a shady lane- as you go from 
Ingleton to Clapham a little before you enter Clapham field, 
i5f in several other moist &; boggy places of Craven. 

Another sheet is labelled Hier. montanum latifolium 
glabrum minus C. B. P., and bears this note by Buddie : — 
By Mr. Lhuiyd's name at ye bottom this should be a Welsh 
one, if it he pray tell me so tho ye specimens are so indiffer.nt 
I scarce know u^ to make of it. If it grow in Wales 
onely say in your answer y Hier. mont. latif. minus glab. 
C. B. is y'. The specimens are Hieracium cambricum 
F. J. Hanbury. 

48. H. asperum majors flore . . . J. B. Buddie remarks : Iti this 

we agree tho tis an indifferent specimen. Cited Hort. Clifif. 
387 (fig. 45), Pioris Hieracioides L. 

Chimes Hieracii species sequentes semina producunt Irevia 
4' nigra, pappo etiam brevi donata. 

54. H. rotundifolium Pyrenaicum amplexicaule, Schol. Bot. Par. 

Hieracium amplexioaule L. 

55. H. phlomoides exoticum latifolium, foliis Candida et densa 

lanugine obsitis, nobis. H. lanatumVill., testibus Bucknall 
and White, 



80 PLANTARUM HISTOEIAE 0X0NIENSI3 

56. H. Alpinum latifolium hirsutum . . . C. B. P. Cited Hort. 
Cliff. 385. Hypoohoeria maculata L. 

70, 57. H. frutieosum latifolium hirsutum, C. B. P. H. vulgatum 

Fries, teste F. J. Hanb. = Hieraoium sciaphilum. Uechtr. 
(Diohtl. I. K.) var. transiens Ley, teste Ley. 

58. H. latifolium hirsutum folio unico . . . nobis. Cited Hort. 

Cliff, (fig. 54) 388. H. murorum L. sensu lato. 

59. H. frutieosum latifolium glabrum, Park.,with a note by Buddie. 

H. murorum L. 

60. H. murorum laciniatum . . . C. B. P. H. stenolepis Lindeb. 

62. H. Alpinum latifolium villosum . . . C. B. P. Andryala 

integrifolia L. 

63. H. frutieosum folio subrotuudo, C. B. P. H. latifolium 

Spreng., testibus Bucknall and White. 

64. H. XerrTOKavXov hirsutum . . . D. Lawson. R. Synop. [ed. iii, 

p. 169]. H. anglicum Fries. 
66. H. frutieosum Alpinum latifolium minore uno vel altero 
flora, R. Syn. [ed. iii, p. 170]. D. Llwyd. A depauperate 
H. tridentatum Fr., testibus Bucknall and White. 

71, 68. H. sive Pulmonaria lutea . . . J. B. H. villosum L. 

69. H. Sabaudum altissimum ... H. boreale Fries. 

Buddie, to whom Bobart sent his Hieracia, says truly 
of this, ' I believe this is nothing but an overgroion plant of ye 
H. frutieosum latifolium hirsutum C. B, These fruticosa 
puzzle me very much.'' 

70. H. frutieosum angustifolium majus, C. B. P. Park. Cited 

Hort. Cliff. 387 (fig. 66). H. umbellatum L. 

Plantae Pappescentes non Lactescentes. 
Caput VI. Chondrilla. 

72, 1. Chondrilla foliis Cichorii tomentosis, C. B. P. Cited Hort. 
Cliff. 382. Tragopogon Dalechampii L. = TJrospermum 
Dalechampii F. W. Schmidt. 
2. Chondrilla foliis tomentosis altera, flora pallidiore, nobis. 
Andryala ragusina L. var. lyrata. 

Plantae Lactescentes Papposae. 

Caput VII. Dens Leouis. 

74, 1. Dens Leonis vulgaris. Park. Cited Hort. Cliff. 386. Leonto- 

don Taraxacum L. = Taraxacum officinale Wigg. =T. vul- 
gare Schrank ; also a form with variegated leaves. 

75, 4. D. latiore et rotundiore folio, Bot. Monsp. Thi^ is Dr. Nissoles 

own hand, who gathered this Plant aV Montpelier and sent it 
me from thence A. D. 1691. James Petiver. 
A very interesting plant, doubtless the earliest known 



PARS III. SECT. VII 81 

specimen of a very local French species which occurs near 
Narbonne, etc. Taraxacum serotinum Poir. : Bucknall 
and White say it is var. /a spathulifolium Rouy. 

5. D. minor foliis radiatis, C. B. P. et Prod. Hyoseri^ ra- 

diata L. 

6. D. glaber angustiore et longiore folio. Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 

1123. IiGontodon hastile L. 

7. D. Alpinus minimus laciniatus . . . nobis. L. pyrenaious 

Grouan, teste J. Hutchinson. 

8. D. foliis profande laciniatis . . . foetidus, nobis. Hyoseris foe- 

tida L. 

10. D. maritimus minor radice tuberoulis praedita, nobis. Leaves 

and flowers only. Leontodon tubsroaum L. 

11. D. minor laevis Asphodeli radicibus, nobis. L. tuberosum L. 

12. D. minimus folio integro gramineo. From Sherard. Tara- 

xacum palustre DC. f. = T. paludosum Schlecht. Con- 
firmed by J. Hutchinson. 

13. D. montanus hirsutus folio longo dentato, nobis. lieontodon. 

hispidum L. 
76, 14. D. hirsutus montanus saxatilis . . . nobis. No specimen. 
Cited Hort. Cliff. 386. L. Mspidum L. 

15. D. longioribus foliis moUibus . . ; L. hispidiuu L., teste J. 

Hutchinson. 

16. D. pumilus saxatilis asper . . . nobis. L. hirtum L. = L. nudi- 

oaule Banks. 

17. D. tenuifolius hirsutus . . . nobis. Found by Sherard in 

France. L. orispum ViU , teste J. Hutchinson. 

Caput [VI] VIII. PiloseUa. 

P. 77, 1. PiloseUa Monoclones repens vulgaris minor, nobis. Cited 

Hort. Cliff. 388 (figs. 1 and 2). Hieraoium PiloseUa L. 
78, 3. P. Monoclones major repens . . . C. B. P. H. PiloseUa L. 
5. P. monoclonos non repens Alpina minor . . . nobis. Cited Sp. 
PI. 800. Hieraoium alpinum L. 

7. P. polyclonos repens major Syriaca . . . nobis. ' Nomine 

Grim the Collier vulgo nota est.' Cited Sp. PI. 801. H. au- 
rantiacum L. 

8. P. minor folio angustiore, minus piloso repens, J. B. H. Au- 

ricula L., testihus Bucknall and White ; another sheet being 
H. florentinum All. 
'11. P. major montana hispida parvo flore, C. B. P. Ex. H. Patav, 
H. florentinum All., testibus Bucknall and White. 

Caput IX. Tragopogou. 

P. 79, 1. Tragopogon pratense luteum majus, C. B. P. Cited Hort. 
Cliff. 382. Tragopogon pratense L. 

1274 Q 



82 PLANTAEUM HISTORIAE 0X0NIENSI3 

3. T. laciniatum majus, Park. L. ? Scorzonera laciniata L. = 

Podospermum laciniatum DC. 
80, 4. T. tenuissime laciniatum, C. B. P. et Prod. Scorzonera 

Jacqulniaua Boiss. 
5. T. purpureocaeruleum Porri folio . . . C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. 

789. T. porrifolium L. 

Caput X. Scorzonera. 

P. 81, 1. Scorzonera latifolia sinuata, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 383. 

Scorzonera hispanica L. 
2. S. latifolia Germanica, Eyst. S. hispanica L. var. glaatifoli a. 
82, 4. S. latifolia humilis nervosa, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 382. 

S. humilis L. 

5. S. humilis crassiore folio, Magnol. Bot. Monsp. App. 

S. humilis L. 

6. S. humilis latifolia Chalepensis . . . From Aleppo. The 

yellow-flowered Picridium tingitanum Desf. 

7. S. angustifolia lutea Pannonica, Ger. Cf. Sonchus mari- 

timus L., teste J. Hutchinson. 
83, 17. S. tuberosa humilis lanuginosa, nobis. Ex Aleppo, D. Hunt- 
ington. Scorzonera lanata Bieb. 
20. S. angustifolia subcoerulea, C. B. P. 

One sheet, with syn. S. angustifolia elatior Pannon. 4 Clus. 
Hist. (tab. 9, not 7), S. purpurea L. Another sheet, 
labelled S. humilis Syriaca, sinuata, flare subcoemleo, D. 
Huntington ex Aleppo, seems to be the yellow-flowered 
Picridium orientale DC. = P. tingitanum Desf. 

Caput XI. No specimens. 
Bistributio Tertia : Plantae Pappescentes non Lactescentes. 

Caput XII. Chrysocome sive HelidLrysiiin. 

P. 86, 1. Helichrysum sive Chrysocome frutescens . . . nobis. Cited 
Sp. PI. 853. Gnaphalium orientale L. = Helichrysum 
orientale Gaertn. 
2. H. frutescens latifolium, . . . nobis. H. orientale Gaertn., 
teste 3. Hutchinson. 

8. H. sive Stoechas citrina humillima Promontorii sacri Lusita- 

nioa. A specimen of Tournefort's. J. Hutchinson suggests 
H. Stoechas DC. 

6. Chrysocome seu potius Eranthemocome . . . nobis. H. san- 
guineum Kostel. 

8. H. seu Chrysocome angustifolia vulgaris, Clus. Hist. Cited 
Sp. PI. 858 (fig. 7) with wrong ref. to p. 401. Gnaphalium 
Stoechas L. = H. Stoechas DC. 



PAES III. SECT. VII 83 

9. H. seu Chrysocome Stoechas citrina dicta altera Italica, J. B. 
H. angustifolium DC. = H. Stoechas DC. var. angusti- 
folium (DC). 

87, 11. Elichrysum Aethiopicum . . . D. Pluk. Aim. 134. Tab. 279. 1 

from Coles (Cadiz). Cf. H. Stoechas L., teste J. Hutchinson. 

17. H. sive Chrysocome capitulis longioribua . , . nobis, Staehelina 

dubia L. 

18. H. sive Chrysocome capitulis singularibus brevioribus, nobis, 

Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 1206 (fig. 16). Conyza saxatilis L. = 
Phagnalon saxatile Cass. 

88, 19. H. sive Chrysocome angustifolia, capitulis binis vel ternis 

brevioribus, nobis. P. sordidum Reichb. = P. trieephalum 
Cass. (I. K.). 

20. H. seu Chrysocome annua sylvestris . . . nobis. ' In Insula 

Caesarea, Jarsie nominata ad muros et ad ripas D. Sherardus 
quoque detexit.' Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 1196, Cfuaphalium 
luteo-albmn L. 

21. H. sive Chrysocome Gnaphaloides Virginiana . , , nobis. 

Cited Sp. PI, 851 (fig. 19). a. obtusifolium L. 

22. H. sive Chrysocome gnaphaloides Americana annua . . . nobis. 

Gr. polycephalum Miohx,, teste J. Hutchinson. 

88, 23. H. sive Chrysocome repens foHis deciduis . . . nobis. Cited 
Hort. Cliff. 401 (f. 21). Gnaphalium margaritaceura L. = An- 
tennaria Br. = Anaphalis margaritaoea C. B. Clarke. 

24. H. sive Chrysocome caulibus deciduis, latiore folio, Germanica, 
nobis. Heliohrysum arenarium Moench. 

26. H. sive Chrysocome repens flore ignescente . . . nobis, Cf. 
H. orientaie Gaertn., teste J. Hutchinson. 

89, 32. C. humilis montana folio rotuudiore, purpurea et alba, nobis. 
Cited Hort. Cliff. 400. Gnaphalium dioir.um L.= Antennarla 
dioica Gaertn. Bobart gives a new locality ' prope Brackley 
in Comitatu Oxoniensi ', the first record for the County. 

Caput XIII. Elicliryso affiuis sive Fseudohelichrysum. 

P, 90, 1 . Pseudohelichryaum frutescens Africanum . . . nobis. Nido- 
rella foliosa Cass., teste J, Hutchinson, 

3. P. frutescens Peruvianum . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 860 for 

Baccharis ivaefolia L = Conyza ivaefolia Burm. f , and on 
p. 989 for Iva frutescens L. 

The specimens have no flowers, but from the form of the 
hairs on the leaves I refer them to the latter species. 

4. P. Virginianum frutescens Halimi latioris foliis . . . nobis. Cited 

Sp. PI. 860. Baccharis halimifolia L. 

5. P. . . . Africaua arborescens . . . Herm. Cited Sp. PL 842, 

Tarchonanthus oa.niphoratua L. 
a 2 



84 PLANTAEUM HISTOEIAE OXONIEKSIS 

6. P. humilius Orientale . . . D. L. Pluk. A bad specimen, but 
I think referable to Polyoarpaea eorymbosa Lam. Con- 
firmed by W. G. Craib. 

Caput XIV. Cruaplialiiun sen Cotonaria. 

P. 91, 1. Gnaphalium majus angusto oblongo folio, C. B. P. Cited 
Hort. Cliff. 402. Qnaphaliuin sylvaticum L. 

92, 2. 6. spicatum majus non ramosum prectum Virginianura . . . 
Cited Sp. PI. 855. G. pxirpureum L. 
4. G. Alpinum magno flore . . . C. B. P. Filago Leontopodium 
L. = Iieontopodium alpinum Caas. 

10. G. annuum vulgare . . . nobis. Filago germanlea L. 

11. G. minus latioribus foliis, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 402, 

Micropus erectus L. ; but the specimens do not resemble the 
figure 11 tab. 11 and comprise two or three species. 

13. G. minimum ereetum . . . nobis. Filago mlniiua Fries. 

14. G. annuum serotinum capitulis nigricantibus, nobis. Cited Sp. 

PL 856. O-naplialiiiiii uliglnosum L. 

Linnaeus quotes (ed. ii. 1312) fig. 14, G. vulgare medium 
C. B. P. for his Filago gallica but surely in error ; it is a bad 
figure, notice the younger branches. Also a sheet from 
S. Dale labelled Gnaphalium parvum 7'amosissimum foliis 
angustissimis polyspermon Eaii Syn. 85, n. 5 : of the two 
specimens on it, one is true F. gallica L. the other F. mini- 
ma Fr. 
93,16. G. umbellatum minimum, J. B. 

Evax umbellata Gaertn. (I. K.). On the same sheet is 
a specimen of Micropus erectus. 
18. Pseudognaphalium supinum . . . Grisley Viridar. Lusitan. Cited 
Sp. pi. 927. Mioropua supinus L. 

Caput XV. CacaUa. 

P. 94, 1. Cacalia foliis crassis hirsutis, C. B. P. A leaf impression 
only. Cited in Sp. PI. 836. Cacalia alpina L. var. a = 
Adenostyles viridis Cass. = A. alpina Blufif. & Fingerh. 

6. C. foliis cutaneis acutioribus et glabris, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. 

1171. Cacalia alpina L. var. /3 = A. viridis Cass. 

7. C. Virginiana glabra foliis deltoidibus subtus glaucis, nobis. 

Cited Sp. PI. 835. C. atriplicifolia L. = Senecio atriplici- 
foliUB Hook. The leaves are broader than those of the 
specimens with which I have compared it, but are glaucous 
beneath. 

8. C. Pyrenaica foliis AUiariae, Schol. Bat. Par. Probably Adeno- 

styles viridis Cass. 

9. C. foliis rotundioribus ad caulem sessilibus. No specimen. 

Cited Sp. PI. 837, for Eupatorium rotundifolium L. 



PARS III SECT. VII 85 

Caput XVI. Petasites. 

P. 95, 1. Petasites major vulgaris rubens rotundiore folio, J. B. Cited 
Hort. Cliff. 411. Tussilago Petasites L. = Petasites ovatua 
Hill and the var. hybridus (L.) Druce [sub-female plant]. 

2. P. maximus maritimus Borussiae, Mentzelii. No specimen. 

Cited Hort. Cliff. 411 for Tuasilago hybrida L. = P. ovatus 
Hill var. hybridus (L.) Druce. 

3. P. major albus anguloso folio, J. B. Cited Hort. Cliff. 411. 

T. alba L. = P. albus Gaertn. 

4. P. minor alter Tussilaginis folio. P. niveus Baumg. 

Caput. XVIIt Eupatorium. 

P. 97, 1. Eupatorium cannabinum vulgare, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 
Bupatorium cannabinuiu L. 

2. B. latifolium Enulae folio . . . Schol. Bot. Par. Cf. E. pur- 

pur eum L., teste J. Hutchinson, 

3. E. Novae Angliae Urticae folio . . . Hort. Lugd. Cited Sp. PL 

838. E. purpureum var. j3 L.,=ed. ii. 1174, B. maoulatum L. 
Confirmed by J. Hutchinson. 

4. E. Canadense elatius longioribus foliis rugosis . . . nobis. No 

specimen. Cited Sp. PI. 838 for E. purpureum L. 

5. E. Virginianum longissimis . . . foliis, nobis. Leaf-specimen 

only. Cited Sp. PI. 837. E. altissimum L. 

6. E. Virginianum . . . perfoliatum, nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 839. 

E. perfoliatum L. 

7. E. Virginianum foliis moUibus Althaeae . . . nobis. E. agera- 

toides L. f., testibus Dr. Stapf and J. Hutchinson. 
9. E. Mexicanum . . . Conyza Mexicana, Recchi. 157. E. pur- 
pureum L. ? 
10. E. ericoides Capitis Bonae Spei, Breyn. Cent. 1. Cited Sp. PI. 
928. Seriphium fuscum L. = Stoebe fusca Thunb. 
98, ll.E. Scrophulariae foliis glabria . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 1176. 
Ageratum altissimum L. =Eupatorium ageratoides L. 

13. E. Virginianum flore albo, foliis . . . sessilibus . . . Cited Sp. 

PI. 837. E. seBsillfolium L. 

14. E. Americanum . . , floribus longioribus albis, Breyn. Prod. 2. 

E. album L. 

18. E. Valerianoides . . . Americanum D. L. PL Tab. 88. Cited Sp. 

PL 839. E. aromaticum L. 

19. E. Valerianoides . . . Virginiana, D. L. Pluk. Tab. 88. Leaf- 

specimen only, probably E. rotundlfolliun L. 

23. E. Virginianum flore albo Hyssopi foliorum aemulum. Cited 

Sp. PL 836. E. hyssopifolium L. 

24. E. humile Africanum annuum flore albo . . . D. L. PL Tab. 88 . 

Ex Toumefort. Ageratum conyzoides L.,teste J. Hutchinson, 



86 PLAKTAEUM HISTOEIAE OXONlENSIS 

99, 25. E. montanum Veibaaci folio . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 405. 
Conyza squarrosa L. = Inula squarrosa Bernli. 

26. E. conyzoides Verbasci folio . . . D. L. PI. Tab. 87. Pluohea 

odorata Cass., teste 3. Hutchinson. 

27. E. foliis integris latioribus . . . Indiae Orientalis, nobis. P. to- 

mentosa DC, teste J. Hutchinson. 

Also a sheet E. Conyzoides integro Jacdbaeae folio. P. indiea 
Less. 

28. E. Germanicum vulnerarium, nobis. No specimen. Cited Sp. 

PL 883 (fig. 26) for Inula germanica L. 

29. E. Zeylanicum . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 837. Eupatorium 

zeylanicum L.=Vernonia zeylanioa Less. 
Also a sheet labelled E. Conyzoides maximum Canadense foliis 
caulem amiilexicaulihus Fhik, Tab. 87. 4. Inula bifrons 
L., teste J. Hutchinson. 

Caput XVIII. Valeriana, Nardns, Sc Fseudovaleriana. 

P. 101, 1. Valeriana hortensis, Phu, C. B. P. Valeriana Phu L. 

2. y. sylvestris major, C. B. P. V. sambucifolia Mikan. 

3. V. sylvestris major montana, C. B. P. V. officinalis L. 
5. V. palustris minor, C. B. P. V. dioica L. 

7. V. annua foliis Caloitrapae, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 44. 
V. Calcitrapa L. = Kentranthus Caloitrapa Druce. 
' 102, 8. V. annua latifolia ... K. Calcitrapa (L.) Druce. 

9. V. maxima AUiariae foliis, nobis. "Valeriana pyrenaica L. 

10. V. sylvestris Alpina prima latifolia, Clus. Hist. One leaf and 

a carbon impression. V. montana L., teste W. B. Turrill. 

11. V. Alpina Scrophulariae folio, C. B. P. et Prod. V. tripterie L. 

Bucknall and White agree with the determination. 

14. V. Alpina Nardo similis, C. B. P. ; probably V. saxatilis L. 

15. V. marina latifolia, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 15. V. rubra L. 

= Kentranthus ruber Druce. 

16. V. marina angustifolia rubra, Morisoni. K. angustifolius 

(DC). 
103, 20. V. Nardus dicta radice olivari, C. B. P. Two leaves and a 
carbon impression. The name suggests V. tuberosa L., 
but the specimen seems to be V. montana L. 
22. V. Nardus Celtica dicta Dioscoridis, C. B. P, Leaves only ; 
probably V. celtica L. 

24. V. Nardus ex Apulia dicta, C B. P. The synonym suggests 

V. saliunca All. It is represented only by a fragment of 
a leaf presumably of garden origin. 

25. V. Nardo Celticae similis inodora, C. B. P. et Prod. Leaf 

and carbon impression. The name suggests V. saxatilis L., 



PARS III. SECT. VII 87 

as is a specimen labelled (but not numbei'ed) Nardus 
Celtica major e monte Sumano : but W. B. Turrill queries 
V. globulariifolia Eamond (= V. apula Pourr.). 

26. Nardo Celticae similis Hiiculus, J. B., C. B. P. Leaves only ; 
probably V. saxatilis L. 
104, 27. Pseudovaleriana cornuoopioides annua purpurea . . . nobis. 
Cited Sp. PI. ed ii. 44. Valeriana Comucopiae L. = Fedia 
Cornucopia Gaertn. = Mitrophora Cornucopia Rafin. 

29. P. annua semine coronato . . . nobis. Cited Ait. Hort. Kew. 
1. 76, 1810. Valeriana disooidea W^illd. = Valerianella 
disooidea Loisel. 

36. P. annua arvensis praecox, humilis, nobis. V. olitoria Poll. 
;. 105, 37. P. annua serotina procerior . . . nobis. Mixed specimens : 
one V. olitoria Poll., another "V. dentata Poll. 

38. P. annua Halepensis vesioaria. V. vesicaria Moench. 

39. P. Curassavica . . . Par. Bat. Prod. Three sheets and a 

carbon impression. Sent from Fort. St. George (India, to 
C. Du Bois) hy ye name of Mohariti, Mocaretty, Mokreta, 
Phytogr. tab. 113 f. 57. Cited Hort. Cliff. 17. Boerhavia 
diffusa L. =B. repens L. (I. K.). 

Caput XIX. Senecio sive Erigemm. 

P. 108, 1. Senecio minor vulgaris, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 406. 
Seneoio vulgaris L. 

2. S. incanus pinguis, C. B. P. S. sylvaticus L. 

3. S. hirsutus foliis latioribus, nobis. A bad specimen of 

Wheeler's Greek plant is inserted here labelled S. Atticns 
rulgari similis, flare petalis incoiiyictds radiato, Do. J]luelei; 
Pluk. Aim 342, of which Bobart says in the Hisioria ' Hue 
spectat ' : probably S. sylvatious L. 
8. S. Indicus Atriplicis folio glabro. Cited Sp. PI. '(f. 7) 835. 
Cacalia Porophyllum L. = Porophyllum ruderale Cass. 

Caput XX. Jacobaea. 

P. 108, 1. Jacobaea vulgaris laciniata, C. B. P. Cited Eort. Cliff. 406. 
Senecio Jacobaea L. 

Also the rayless form found by Sberard near Drogheda, 
Jacobaea apetalos Sherardi ; ex Hibernia D. Sher. Cited Sp. 
PL ed. ii. 1220. S. Jacobaea L. var. flosculosus Gray. 

2. J. incana segmentis longioribus, nobis. S. erucifolius L. 

3. J. minor altera Virgiuiana foliis tenuius dissectis. From J. 

Banister. Probably S. sylvaticus L. 
6. J. foliis amplioribus incanis, Moris. Praelud. Bot. 
S. Cineraria DC, teste J. Hutchinson. 

On the back of the sheet is a leaf labelled Jacobaea mart- 
tima viridior, ex H. D. Morgan. 



88 PLANTAEUM HISTORIAE OXONIEKSIS 

100, 7. J. inaiitima . . . foliia utrinque candicantibus, nobis. Cited 
Hort. Cliff. 410. Cineraria maritima L. = S. Cineraria 
DC. Also a sheet with a leaf labelled Jacohaea ex maritimae 
semine degener, H. Reg. Par. 
9. J. supina maritima annua, Triumfetti. S. nebrodensis L., 
teste J. Hutchinson. 

12. J. pumila sinuatis foliis argentea . . . D. Luc. Pluknet. 
B. Smyrna accept. Pterooeplialus Pinardi Boiss. 

15 J. Sicula Chrysanthemi facie, Bocconi. Leaves probably of 
Senecio squalidus L. 

Evidently cultivated in the garden, for Bobart notes 
'Perennis est planta, hyememque facile sustinens. Ad' 
Catanam et Taurominium frequens nascitur '. Smith, 
Hooker, &c., have wrongly described it as annual. Doubt- 
less the source of the Oxford Ragwort now so widely spread. 

17. J. Africana frutescens . . . Par. Bot. Piod. Artemisia 
sp. ? 
110, 18. J. palustris viridior latiore folio. Benecio aquaticus 
Hills. 

19. J. Virginiana foliis imis AUiariae . . , Cited Sp. PI. 870. 
S. aureus L. 

21. J. foliis rotundis serratis, C. B. P. et Prod. S. alpinus Scop., 

teste J. Hutchinson. 

22. J. foliis longis integris et mucronatis, nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 

870. S. paludosus L. 
24. J. aquatica elatior . . , nobis. Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 1243. 

Cineraria palustris L. = S. palustris Hook. 
27. J. pumila Stoebes . . . D. Pluk. Fragmentary specimen and 
carbon impression : probably S. nebrodensis L. 
Ill, 29. J. minima montana lanuginosa foliis brevibus subrotundis, 
nobis. Senecio campestris DC. = S. integrifolius Clairv. 

30. J. montana lanuginosa angustifolia non laciniata, C. B. P. 

No specimen. Cited Sj). PI. ed. ii. 1248 (fig. 28) for 
Cineraria alpina L. var. integrifolia L. Bobart's descrip- 
tion suggests that it may be the S. integrifolius var. 
aurautiacus (DC). 

31. J. Aethiopica Lavendulae folio, Breyn. Cent. 1. Senecio sp. 

32. J. Crithmi littorei foliis, Moris. Praelud. Bot. No specimen. 

Cited Hort. Cliff. 410. 8. linifolius L. 

34. J. spicata Monomotapensis, Breyn. Cent. 1. No specimen. 

Cited (fig. 32) Sp. PI. ed. ii. 1218 for S. pubigerus L. 

35. J. affinis . . . Capitis Bonae spei, Breyn. Cent. 1. No speci- 

men. Cited Sp. PI. 924 (f. 33) for Othonna bulbosa L. ; 
but Bot. Mag. t. 768 cites it for O. pinnata L. f. 

36. J. afiBnis Aethiopica humilis . . . nobis. Arctotis Calendula L. 

= Cryptostemma calendulaceum R. Br. = Cryptostemma 
Ccilendula (L:). 



PAKS III. SECT. VII 89 

Caput XXI. Conyza. 

P. 113, 1. Conyza Pannonica lanuginosa, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. 882. 
Inula Ooulus-Christi L. 
2. C. Alpina pilosissima, C. B. P. I. Oculus-Christi L., teste J. 
Hutchinson. 

4. C. montana lutea oblongis foliis, C. B. P. I. moutana L. 

5. C. latifolia viscosa suaveolens . . . Schol. Bot. Par. Cited 

Hort. Cliff. 404. Conyza bifrons L. = I. bifrons L. 

6. C. altera Apula, an Baccharis, Col. No specimen. Cited 

Sp. PL 881 for Inula odora L. = Pulioaria odora 
Reichb. 

7. C. media repens Asteris flore luteo . . . C. B. P. Inula 

dysenterica L. = P. dysenterica S. F. Gray. 

8. C. palustris repens Britannica dicta, nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 

882. I. britannica L. var. 

114, 11. C. major vera. Lob. icon. I. viseoaa Ait. 

12. C. minor vera, Lob. icon. Probably Andryala integri- 
folia L. 

15. C. tuberosa lutea . . . Magnol. Cited Sp. PI. 865. Erigeron 

tuberosum L. var. /3 = Jasonia tuberosa DC. 

16. C. marina, Dal. Cited Sp. PI. 865 (tab. 19, fig. 20 lona). 

E. tuberosum L. ■= J. tuberosa DC. 
22. C. Virginiana lutea Lini folio acutiore. Aster linifolius L., 
teste J. Hutchinson. 

115, 24. C. Orientalis alato caule, flore globose, nobis. Sphaeranthus 

indicus L. 
25. C. coerulea acris, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 407. Erigeron 
acre L. 

28. C. Sicula annua lutea . . . Boccon. Cited Sp. PI. 864. Eri- 

geron siculum L. = Pulicaria sicula Moris. 

29. C. annua acris alba elatior . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 863. 

£!. canadense L. 

30. C. annua acris alba glabra tenuior. Poor specimen. 

E. canadense L., teste J. Hutchinson. 
32. C. helichrysoides graveolens ... No specimen. Cited Sp. 
PI. 851 for Gnaphalium foetidum L. = Helichrysum 
foetidum Moench. 



Caput XXII. Aster. 

P. 117, 1. Aster luteus Pannonicus primus Clusii, Pan. Inula sali- 
cina L. 
118, 2. A. . . . subhirsuto Salicis folio tertius, Clus. Buphthalmum 
salicifolium L., testibus J. Hutchinson and Dr. Stapf. 



90 PLAKTAKUM HISTORIAE OXONIENSIS 

5. A. luteus montanus magno flore foliis serratis, nobis. Senecio 

Doronioum L., teste J. Hutchinson. 
7. A. Conyzoides Gesneri, Park. No specimen. Cited Sp. PI. 

865 for Erigeron tuberosum L. var. y. 
11. A. montanus Salicis glabro folio, C.B. P. Buphthalmum 
Balioifolium L., testibus J. Hutchinson and Dr. Stapf. 
119, 13. A. montanus luteo magno flore, C. B. P. Inula hirta L., 
teste J. Hutchinson. 

15. A. luteus folio glabro etcrenato, C.B. P. Inula aquarrosa, 

Bevnh., teste 3. Hutohineon. 

Another specimen is queried by Bobart as Bauhin's 
plant. Asa Gray names it Sericocarpus conyzoides Nees. 

16. A. luteus Linariae rigido glabro folio, C. B. P. Inula enai- 

folla L., teste J. Hutchinson. 

17. A. littoreus, luteus folio , . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 408. 

I. Crithmoides L. 

Asteres coerulei. 

120, 23. A. humilis montanus flore amplo . . . nobis. Aster alpi- 

nus L. 

25. A. hirsutus flore pallide coeruleo ampliore . . . nobis. A. py- 

renaeus DC, teste J. Hutchinson. 

26. A. Virginianus comosus . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 875. A. un- 

dulatus L. 

27. A. Virginiensis repens caeruleus salicis folio serotinus, nobis. 

The specimen is A. panioulatus Lam. ; but, as Asa Gray 
points out, the flgure does not correspond with it. 

28. A. Americanus latifolius maximus puniceis caulibus . . . Hort. 

Lugd. Bat. Cited Sp. PI. 875. A. punioeus L. 

29. A. Novae Belgiae latifolius paniculatus . . . Hort. Lugd. Bat. 

Cited Hort. Cliff. 408 for A. novi-belgii L. Asa Gray 
refers the specimen to A. punioeus L. 

30. A. Novae Belgiae latifolius umbellatus . . . Hort. Lugd. Bat. 

A. novi belgii L. 

31. A. Tripolii flore, C.B. P. A. aoris L, confirmed by J. 

Hutchinson. 

121, 32. A. Tripolii flore latifolius, Hort. Reg. Bles. A. Tripolium 

L., teste J. Hutchinson. 
33. A. Tripolii flore angustissimo et tenuissimo folio, Flor. Bat. 

Flores. Cited Sp. PL 874. A. linifolius L. 
33 bis. A. Americanus frutescens Satureiae foliis scabris . . . D. L. 

PI. No specimen. This name is cited Sp. PI. 874 for 

A. linariifolius L. 
35. A. latifolius glaber, humilis . . . nobis, Cited Sp. PL (fig. 34) 

875 (f. 34). A. cordifolius L. 



PAES Iir. SECT. VII 91 

37. A. oaeruleua glaber, littoreus, pinguis, Tripolium majus 

diotus, nobis. Cited Hort. Clifif. 408. A. Tripolium L. 

38. A. littoreus pinguis, Tripolium minus diotus, nobis. A narrow- 

leaved form of A. Tripolium L. 

Asteres albi, 

42. A. Salicis folio repens . . . nobis. A. Tradesoanti L., sensu 

A. Gray, teste J. Hutobinson, 

43. A. Virginianus ramosissimus . . . Tradesoanti, nobis. No 

speoimen. Cited Sp. PJ. 876 and Bot. Mag. t. 7825 for 
A. Tradesoanti L. 

44. A. Americanus . . . flore albo BelHdis . . . D. de Flines Schol. 

Bot. Par. Cited Hort. Cliflf. 408. A. dumosus L. 

Asa Gray names one specimen A. -vimineus Lam. ; 
another he quei-ies as young A. dumosus L. On another 
sheet from Terra Mariana [Maryland] are A. dumoaua 
L. and A. eriooides L. 
122, 45. A. Amerioanus albus Mezerei Arabum . . . D. L. PI. Phyt. 
Asa Gray names this Sericooarpus solidaginoides Nees, 
= ? S. solidagineus Nees. 
48. A. annuua ramosus albus latifolius Canadensis, nobis. Cited 
Sp. PI. 1229. Aster annuus L. = Erigeron armuus Pers. 

Another speoimen is labelled An Aster coeriil. ex 
Provincia Mariana quasi perfoUatus flo. pams spicatis ? 
Asa Gray names it A. patens Ait. Another sheet Aster 
Virginianus latifolius alius ramosus is referred by Asa 
Gray to A. oornifolius Muhl. = A. infirmus Miohx. 
(I. K). 

Caput XXIII. Virga aurea. 

P. 123, 1. Virga aurea maxima radioe repente ... No speoimen. 
Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 1169 for Cacalia sarracenica L. = 
Seneelo Caoaliaster Lam. 
2. V. major oarnosis . . . foliis . . , nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 
410. S. Doria L. 
-124, 3.. V. angustifolia serrata, sive Solidago Saraoenica, J. B. Im- 
perfect speoimen ? S. sarracenieus L. 
8. v. Canadensis foliis Sorophulariae, Dodart. Mem. Cited as 
V. montana Scroph. folio Sp. PI. ed. ii. 1234. Solidago 
flexicaulis L. = S. latifolia L. (I. K.). 
10. V. longissimis et angustlasimis foliis. Probably S. Tirgaurea 
L. var. angustifolia Gaud. 

14. v. Canadensis foliis oarnosis non serratis angustioribus, 

Solidago maxima Americana, Cornuti. Cited Sp. PL 878. 
S. sempervirens L. 

15. V. Canadensis foliis . . . latioribus. Cited Sp. PI. 878. 

S. sempervirens L. 



02 PLANTAEUM HISTOKIAE OXONIENSIS 

16. v. Limonii perforatis foliis . . . Hort. Reg. Par. ?S. mexi- 
cana L. = 8. sempervirenB L. (I. K.). 
125, 18. V. montana folio angusto subincano, flosculiB couglobatis, 
D. Lloyd. Cited from Eaii Synop. (ed. ii. 81). Solidago 
Virgaurea L. 

A distinct variety with lanceolate leaves and terminal 
inflorescence. A second specimen, probably cultivated, 
has leaves more distinctly toothed, and a less capitate 
inflorescence. 

19. V. angustifolia minus serrata, C. B. P. S. Virgaurea L., but 

the leaves are broad and considerably toothed, i. e. not 
var. angustifolia Gaud. 

20. V. humilis foliis non serratis acutioribus, nobis. A carbon 

impression with one leaf, possibly S. minuta L. 
22. V. flore minus amplo, foliis latioribus serratis. Luxuriant 
S. Virgaurea L. 

24. V. Americana Taraconis facie et sapore . . . D. L Pluk. 

S. odora Alton. 

25. V. angustifolia panicula speciosa Canadensis, Hort. Reg. Par, 

Cited Sp. PI. 878. S. canadensis L. 

27. V. floribus fistulosis Senecionis instar, foliis angustioribns non 
serratis, Morisoni. ? S. Virgaurea L., teste 3. Hutchin- 
son, but I am not convinced of this determination. 

29. V. Linariae folio . . . nobis. Chiysocoma Linosyris L. = 
Aster Xjiuosyris Bernh. 

Caput XXIV. Boronicnm. 

P. 127, 1. Doronicum majus officinarum, Ger. Doroniciuu Parda- 
lianches L. 

5. D. Austriacum quartum, Clus. Pan. 6. Hist. Senecio cor- 

datus Koch, teste J. Hutchinson. 

Merged into S. alpinus Scop, in Ind. Kew. 

6. D. Plantaginis folio alterum, C. B. P. Represented by an 

imperfect capitulum. Arnica montana L. 
9. D. minus officinarum, Ger. Cited Hort. Cliff. 411. D. planta- 

gineum L. 
14. D. latifolium flore magno, C. B. P. D. Pardalianobes L., 
teste J. Hutchinson. 

Caput XXIV [bis]. Heleninm. 

P. 129. Helenium, Matth. Cited Hort. Cliff. 407. Inula Hele- 
nium L. 

Caput XXV. Tnssilago. 

P. 130, 1. TuBsilago, J. B. Tussilago vulgaris, C. B. P. Cited Hort. 
Cliff. 411. Tussilago Farfara L. 



PAES III. SECT. VII 93 

2. T. Alpina rotundifolia canescens, C. B. P. Homogyna 

alpina Cass. 

3. T. Alpina rotundifolia glabra, C. B. P. No specimen. Cited 

Hort. Cliff. 411 for Tussilago alpina L = H. alpina Cass. 

Distributio Quarta : Pappescentes non lactescentes capitatae 
non spinosae. 

Caput XXVI. Centauritiiu majus. 

P. 131, 1. Centaurium majus Juglandis folio, J. B. Leaf only. Cited 
Hort. Cliff. 426. Centaurea Centaurium L. 

2. C. majus foliis Cinarae, Cornuti. Cited Sp. PI. 826. Cnicus 

Centauxoides L. 

3. C. ciliare annuum . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 420. Cen- 

taurea Crupina L. = Crupina VTilgaris Cass. 
132, 4. C. Alpinum luteum, C. B. P. Leaf only. Cited Sp. PI. 910 
(fig. 5). Centaurea alpina L. 
7. C. majus, Eha capitatum . . . J. B. Leaf only. Cited Hort. 
Cliff. 421. C. Ehapontica L. 
10. C. majus luteum altissimum . . . nobis. C. babyloniea L. 

Caput XXVII. Serratnla. 

P. 133, 1. Serratula vulgaris foliis laciniatis, nobis. Cited Hoit. 
Cliff. 896. Serratula tinetoria L. 
2. S. vulgaris facie foliis integris, nobis. An entire- leaved 
form, which, Bobart says, retained its characters in cultiva- 
tion. S. tinotoria L. 

4. S. Noveboracensis altissima . . . Flor. L. Bat. Fl. Cited Sp. 

PI. 818. S. noveboracensis L. = "Vemonia novebora- 
censis Willd. 

Caput XXVIII. Cyanus. 

P. 134, 1. Cyanus Alpinus radice perpetua, J. B. Cited Hort. Cliff'. 
422. Centaurea montana L. 
2. C. montanus angustiore . . . Valot. C. axillaris Willd. 
4. C. segetum vulgaris minor annuus, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 
422. C. Cyanus L. 
135, 5. C. Orientalis major moschatus ... Park. 'InarvisConstantino- 
politanis ac Chalepensibus nascitur unde apud nos nomine 
Sweet Sultan est.' Cited Sp. PI. 909. C. moschata L. 

7. C. Orientalis minor moschatus . . . nobis. C. moscbata L. 

See DC. Prod. vi. 560. 

8. C. Orientalis major ... ex Aleppo. Cited Sp. PI. 909. 

C. moBobata L. var. Amberboi L. f= Amberboa odorata 
DC. var. ambracea DC. Prod. vi. 560). 



94 PLANTARUM HISTOEIAE OXONIENSIS 

Caput XXIX. Stoebe. 

F. 136, 1. Stoebe Capitata Roiismarini foliis . . . C. B. P. ^ Bot. sic. 
J'etiver, Staehelina dubia L. 

2. S. spinosa Cretica, Park. Cited Sp. PI. 912. Centaurea 

spinosa L. 

3. S. annua Leucoii folio . . . nobis. Cnicus stellatus Roth = 

Ciraium stellatum All. 
137, 4. S. Plantaginis folio, flore luteo, Prosp. Catananche lutea L. 

8. S. Cretica fruticans . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PL 819. Serratula 

Chamaepeuce L. = Cnicus Chamaepeuce L. (I. K.), 

9. S. Virginiana tuberosa angu&tifolia . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PL 

819. Serratula spicata L. = Liatris spicata Willd. ; but 
the specimen is L. squarrosa Willd. (I. K.) = Ijacunaria 
squarrosa Hill. 
10. S. Virginiana tuberosa latifolia ... No specimen. Cited 
Sp. PL 818 for Serratula squarrosa L = Liatris squar- 
rosa Willd. = Lacimaria squarrosa Hill. 

Caput XXX. Jacea. 

P. 139, 1. Jacea nigra pratensis latifolia, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliif, 
421. Centaurea nigra L. ; and the non-radiate form. 
2. J. peramara procumbens angustiore folio, capitulis argenteis, 

nobis. ? C. aspera L, 
7. J. nigra squamosa capite major, C. B. P. Possibly C. phrygia 
L. ; but Bucknall and White consider it to be nearer to C. 
pseudo-phrygia C. A. Mey. 
9. J. Lusitanioa semper virens, Hort. Reg. Bles. Cited Sp. PI. 
913. C. sempervirens L. 

Bobart includes a specimen from Hort. Ox. to show the 
change in leaf shape, foliis magis divisis, forte a semine 
productum. 
140, 10. J. nigra laciniata. Park. A form with small Capitula, and a 
white-flowered form, of C. Scablosa L. 

14. J. major foliis Cichoraceis mollibus . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PL 

918. C. salmantica L. 

15. J. non spinosa foUis magis divisis elatior . , . nobis. Cited 

Sp. PL 192. C. paniculata L. 

16. J. non spinosa foliis magis divisis elatior, capitulis splendenti- 

buB, nobis. C. alba L. 

17. J. Austriaca humilis tenuifolia, nobis. Probably O. dis- 

seota Ten. 

The synonyms cited refer to C. Stoebe L., which is not 
given as an Austrian plant, indeed is quite a, mythical 
species which is dropped by Nyman. C. dissecta appears 
to be restricted to Italy and Greece. 



PARS III. SECT. VII 95 

18. J. hurailis alba Hieracii folio, Lugd. C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. 
911. C. puUata L. 
141, 19. J. montana incana capite Pini, C. B. P. In collihus prope 
Castelneuf Hemque non longe a Selnous utroMque copiose, 
Leuzea conifera DC. 

20. J. montana candidissima, Park. Cited Sp. PI. 912. Cen- 

taurea Cineraria L. 
22. J. Cretica lutea, foUis Cinerariae, Dodart. Est flore aureo. 
Leaves only, Cited Sp. PI. 912. C. ragusina L. 

Capitatae foliis laevioribus & capitulis modice 
spinosis. 

Caput XXXI. Jaceae spinosae. 

P. 142, 2. J. angustifolia capite hirsute, C. B. P. Centaurea au- 
striaca Willd., teste J. Hutchinson, 
7. J. laciniato Sonchi folio . . . C. B. P. C. soncbifolia L. 
143, 8. J. marina Boetica, Park. C. sonohifolia L. 

9. J. sphaerocephalos Tingitana . . , Hort. Lugd. Bat. Cited 

Sp. PI. 916. C. sphaerocephala L. 
18. J. cyanoides echinato capite, C. B. P. No specimen. Cited 
Sp. PI. 918 for C. muricata L. = Volutarella murioata 
Benth. and Hook. f. 

144, 20. J. Peregrina Napifolia, capitulis hirsutis alata, D. Pluk. 

Phyt. Cited Sp. PI. 916 and DC. Prod. vi. 600. C. napi- 
folia L. 

21. J. ramosissima, capite longis aculeia stellatim nascentibus 

armato, nobis. C. Calcitrapa L. 

22. J. stellata non ramosa . . , nobis. C. Caloitrapa L., teste 

J. Hutchinson. 

Of the four sheets inserted here, another is probably 
C. iberica Trev. , but is said to be fl. aureo. 

23. J. lutea spinosa Centauroides, C. B. P. C. Centauroides L. 

24. J. lutea capite spinoso, C. B. P. Probably C. ooUiaa L, var, 

macrantha DC. 
26. J. Sioula, Cichorei folio, ilore luteo , . . Bocc. Cited Sp. PI, 
918, Centaurea sicula L. 

145, 27. J. lutea annua stellata et alata , . , nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff, 

423. C. solstitialis L. 

28. J. lutea Melitensis capitulis conglobatis, Bocc. Cited Sp, 

PI. 917. C. melitensis L. 

29. J. lutea annua alata tomentosa Sabauda. C. solstitialis L. 



9G PLANTARUM HISTORIAE OXONIENSIS 

Caput XXXIL Cnicna sive CartliaiuQS aureus. 

P. 145, 1. Cnicua sativus, sive Carthamum officinarum, C. B. P. 
Safflore from the East Indies, and from Fort St. George. 
Du Bois. Cited Hort. Cliff. 394. Carthamua tinc- 
toriuB L. 
146, 2. C. Creticus laciniatus . . . nobis. Probably Carthamus 
lanatus L, 

Caput XXXIII. Lappa major sive Bardana vel Arctium. 

P. 146, 1. Lappa major, Arctium Diosooridis, C. B. P. Young plants : 
probably Arctium minus Bernh. 
2. L. major montana capitulis tomentosis . . . C. B. P. Young 
specimen. ? Arctium tomentosum Mill. 

Caput XXXIV. Cirsium sive Carduus mollis. 

P. 148, 1. Cirsium polyanthemum molliori hastato folio, nobis. Cited 
Sp. PI. 817. Serratula alpina L. var. y lapathifolia L. = 
Saussurea alpina DC, forma lapathifolia (L.). 
2. C. humile montanum Cynoglossi folio . . . Raii Syn. Cited 
Sp. PI. 817. Serratula alpina L. var. 0, cynoglossifolia L. 
= Saussurea alpina DC, forma cynoglossifolia (L.). 
149, 3. C montanum Cambro-Britannicum . . . nobis. Cited Hort. 
Cliff. 391. Serratula alpina L. = Saussurea alpina DC. 
8. C foliis non hirsutis floribus compactis, C B. P. Carduus 
monspessulanus L. = Cirsium monspessulanum Hill., 
teste J. Hutchinson. 

10. C foliis non dentatis viridibus , . . nobis. C. pannonioum 

Link, teste J. Hutchinson. 

11. C. Britannicum repens . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 392. 

Carduus helenioides L. = Cirsium heterophylltim Hill. 
150, 14. C. minus Virginianum . . . Cited Sp. PI. 824. Carduus 

virginianus L. = Cirsium virginianum Michx. 
15. C Alpinum, foliis minus profunda laciniatis . . . Raii Hist. 

C. rivulare Link 
18. C majus singulari capitulo magno, C. B. P. Cirsium sp. 
20. C fibrosum foliis latioribus . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 

394. Cnicus oleraceus L. = Cirsium oleraoeum Scop. 
151, 24 C foliis latioribus carnosis . . . Pyrenaicum, Hort. Paris, 

C. monspessulanum Hill. 
25. C tomentosum radice bulbosa . . . J. B. C. oanum Moench, 

teste 3. Hutchinson. (Cnicus canus Roth, I. K.) 
27. C. latioribui foliis viridibus laciniatis radicibus Asphodeli 

nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 824 (figa. 27, 28) for Carduus tubero- 

sus L. = Cirsium tuberosum All. The specimen is C 

anglicum DC. = C. britannicum Scop. 



PAES III. SECT. VII 97' 

28. C. Asphodeli radice . . . nobis. The specimen is imperfect, 
no flowers or root ; perhaps the same as 27. 

Plantae Pappescentes, Cardui proprie dicti. 

Capp. XXXV et XXXVI. Cardui flosculis mbentibus 
fistnlosis. 

P. 152, 1. Carduus alatus tomentosus latifolius vulgaris, nobis. Cited 
Hort. Cliff. 393. Onopordon Aoanthium L. 

2. C. tomentosus angustifolius Acanthium dictum Syriacum 

... O. UlyriciiTn L., confirmed by J. Hutchinson. 
8. C. tomentosus lUyricus procerior, nobis. O. illyricum L. 
153, 5. C. Acanthium dictus altiasimus Lusitanicus, Hort. Reg. Par. 
Cited Sp. PI. 827 for 0. arabicum L., but the specimen is 
O. iUyricuin L., teste J. Hutchinson. 

6. C. alatus major flore rubro moschato, capite nutante, nobis. 

Cited Hort. Cliff. 393. Carduus nutans L. ; also the 
hybrid crispus x nutans. 

7. C. lanoeatus latifolius, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 392. 

Carduus lanceolatus L. = Cirsium lanceolatiun Scop. 

8. C. lanceatus folii superficie spinosa. Cf Carduus armatus 

Boiss. & Heldr., teste 3. Hutchinson : merged into C. 
cronius B. & H. in Ind. Kew. 

9. C. lanceatus angustifolius, C. B. P. Cirsium lanceolatum 

Scop. 

11. C. polyacanthos capitulis pluribus . . . nobis. Cited Hort. 

Cliff. 393. Carduus crispus L. 

12. C. spinosissimus . . . palustris, nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 822 

(fig. 13). C. palustris L. = Cirsium palustre Scop. 

13. C. polyacanthos capitulis longioribus et tenuioribus . . 

nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 821 for C. acanthoides L. ; the speci- 
men is Carduus pycnocephalus L. 

14. C. pycnopolycephalus sylvestris, Triumfetti. Carduus poly- 

anthemos L. = Cirsium polyanthemon Sprengel, teste 

J. Hutchinson. 

154, 1-5. C. pycnopolycephalus palustris, Triumfetti. C. polyanthe- 

mos L. = C. polyanthemon Sprengel, teste J. Hutchinson. 

16. C. Salmanticensis annuus caule folioso . . . nobis. Cnicus 

Acarna L. = Cirsium Acarna Moench. 
18. C. polyacanthos cirsioides Alpinus . . . nobis. Tyrimnus 
leucographus Cass., teste J. Hutchinson. 
155, 1. C. albis maculis notatus vulgaris, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 
393. Carduus Marianus L. = Silybum Marianum (Jaertn. 
= Mariana lactea Hill ; also with unicoloured leaves. 

3. C. lacteus peregrinus major semine fusco, Raii. Cirsium 

syriacum Gaertn. (Cnicus syriacus Roth, I. K.) 

1271 H 



98 PLANTAKUM HISTOEIAE OXONIENSIS 

5. C. albis maculis notatus exotioua, C. B. P. No specimen. 
Cited Hort. Cliif. 393. C. eyriaous L. (Notobasis syriaca 
Cass.) = Cirsium syriacum Gaertn. 

7. C. capita rotundo tomentoBO, C. B. P. Cirsium eriopho- 
rum Scop. 

156, 12. C. humillimus septentrionalium . . . nobis. Cirsium acaule 
Weber. 

14. C. vulgatissimus viarum, Ger. Cirsiujn arvense Scop. 

15. C. repens Sonchi folio Virgiuianus major. Cirsium seto- 

sum Bieb. 

Caput XXXVII. Cardtii floribus violaceis, fistnlosis. 

P. 157, 1. C. domeaticus capite majore . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 
394, var. 3. Cynara Scolymus L. var. bortensis (Mill.). The 
leaf-specimen is C. Cardunculus L. var. hortensis 
(Mill.). 

3. C. hortensis sive Cinara rubra maxima . . . nobis. Leaf only ; 
probably Cynara Cardunculus L. var. iaermis DC. 
(figured Hot. Mag. t. 2862). 

158, 5. C. sive Cinara sylvestris latifolia, C. B. P. Cynara alba 
Boiss. 

White and Bucknall think that the specimen is more 
probably C. Cardunculus L. 
9. C. humilis Tingitanus caeruleus. Cited Sp. PI. 828. Cynara 
humilis L. ; but DC. Prod. vi. 620 says ' C. humilis L. e?cl. 
Mor. Syn.' 

It was grown for many years in the Oxford Garden, but 
perished in the severe winter of 1688. 
10. C. Andalusiacus spinosissimus . . . D. Pluk. Phyt. Tab. 19. 
Leaf only of A sort of Artichoke from Portugal ; probably 
C. humilis L. 

159, 13. C. eryngioides, sive Carduncellus montis Lupi, Lob. Cartha- 
mus Carduncellus L. = Carduncellus monspeliensium 
All. Confirmed by J. Hutchinson. 
14. Carduncellus montis Lupi minor species repens, nobis. No 
specimen. Cited Sp. PI. 831 for Carthamus mitissi- 
mus L. 

16. C. caeruleus procerior, spinis ternis . . . nobis. Leaf only ; 

Cirsium Casabonae DC. 

17. C. Chamaeleon dictus, nobis. No specimen. Cited Sp. P). 

ed. ii. 1164 for Carthamus oorjrmbosus L. 

18. C. erectus caeruleus Cnici facie . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 

1163 (fig. 19). Carthamus tingitanus L. = C. caeruleus L.' 
= Cardimcellus caeruleus Less. var. dentatus DC. 



PARS III. SECT. VII 99 

19. C. erectus caeruleus Tingitanus Cnici facie foliis magis inte- 

gris, nobis. C. caeruleus Less. var. incisus DC. 

20. C. humilis Creticus edulis . . . nobis. Atractylis ean- 

oellata L. 

Caput XXXVIII. Cardm floribus luteis fistulosis. 

P. 160, 1. C. luteus procumbens suclorificus et amarus, nobis. Cited 
Hort. Cliff. 394. Centaurea benedicta L. Sp. PI. ed. ii. 
1296 = Carbenia benedicta Adans. (I. K.) = Cnicus bene- 
dictus L. Sp. PL 826, 1753. 

2. C. luteus erectuB reticulatus ramulis fusum referentibus, 

nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 394. Carthamus lanatus L. 
161, 8. C. foliis tenuibus spinosis, ad instar Juniperi, nobis. Cited 
Sp. PI. 413. Drypis spinoaa L. 

Caput XXXIX. Cardni xeranthemi. 

P. 162, 1. C. xeranthemos flore purpureo-rubente patulo, nobis. 
Carlina lanata L. 

3. C. flore albo ampliore acaulis, nobis. Leaf only. Cited 

Hort. Cliff. 395. Carlina acaulis L. 

4. C. flore albo cauleseens, nobis. C. acaulis h, 

5. C. vulgaris annuus, nobis. C. vulgaris L, 

6. C. flore luteo, capitulis parvis in umbella, nobis. Referred 

in Hort. Cliff. 395 to C. vulgaris L., but Baahin's plant 
[Pinax 379] and tbis specimen are C. corymbosa L. 

163, 7. C. flore luteo patulo Hispanicus perennis, nobis. C. race- 

mosa L., cultivated by Bobart in the Garden. 

Plantae Capitatae Spinosae non Papposae (sive Cardui 
improprie dicti). 

Caput XL. Carduus globosns. 

P. 163, 1. Carduus sphaerocepbalus latifolius vulgaris, C. B. P. 
Kchinops spbaerocepbalus L. 
4. C. sphaerocepbalus capitulo longis spinis armato, C. B. P. 
E. Eitro L. 

164, 6. C. sphaerocepbalus Baeticus minor annuus, nobis. B. stri- 

gosus L. 

7. C. sphaerocepbalus annuusLusitanicus .. . Probably E. stri- 

gosus L. 

Caput XLI. Erynginm. 

P. 165, 1. Eryngium vulgare, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 37. Eryn- 
gium campestre L. 
Bobart grew a narrow-leaved form in Hort. Oxon. 
H 2 



100 PLANTAKUM HISTORIAE OXONIENSIS 

2. E. montanura amethystinum, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. 337. 

E. amethystinum L. 

3. E. Amethystinum minus folio longiore Lusitanicum. E. ame- 

thystinum L,, teste Dr. Stapf. 

4. E. caeruleum albis maculis notatum. E. Bourgati Gouan. 

5. E. ex plani semine degener, Hort. Reg. Par. A form of 

E. planum L. 

6. E. maritimum, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 87. E. mariti- 

mum L. 

9. E. latifolium planum, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 87. E. pla- 
num L. 

136, 10. E. Alpinum caeruleum capitulis Dipsaci, C. B. P. Probably 
E. planum L. 

12. E. Siculum capitulis Psylli flore caeruleo.Boccoui. Probably 

a form of E. oretioum L. 

13. E. Syriacum ramosiua . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PL ed. ii. 387. 

E. tricuspidatum L. 

14. E. Americanum foetidum, Hort. Lugd. Bat. E. foetidum L. 

15. E. montanum pumilum, C. B. P. A barren immature speci- 

men, E Lusit. D. Toumefort, may be E. tenue Lam., which 
Dr. Stapf confirms, as is another sheet. 

16. E. parvum palmare foliis serratis, nobis. No specimen. 

Cited Sp. PI. 830 for Atractylis cancellata L. 

IS. E. Lusitanicum palustre . . . Tournefortii. Probably E. cor- 
niculatum Lam. 

167, 21. E. Virginianum Yaccae foliis . . . Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 336. 
E. aquaticum L. Grown from seed sent by Banister. 
23. E. Syriacum foliis Chamaeleontis longig et spinosis, nobis. 
No specimen. Cited Sp. PI. 814 for Gundelia Tourne- 
fortii L. 

Caput XLII. Dipsacus. 

P. 168, 1. Dipsacus sativus, C. B. P. Dipsacus fullonum L. var. 
sativus L. 

2. D. sativo similis hamis brevioribus. D. fullonum L. var. 

sativus L. 

3. D. sylvestris sive Virga pastoris major, C. B. P. D. sylvestris 

Mill. = D. fullonum L. 

4. D. folio laciniato, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PL 97. D. laoinia- 

tus L. 

5. D. sylvestris capitulo minore . . . C. B. P. D. pilosus L. 



PARS ni. SECT. VII-VIII 101 

Plantae Spinosae Capitatae exoticae, foliia Aloes. 

Caput XLIII. Finea Brasiliana, Ananas dicta. 

P. 169, 1. Cai-cluo affinis sive Pinea Brasiliana Ananas dicta, nobis. 
Cited Hort. Cliff. 129. Bromelia Ananas L. = Ananas 
sativus Schult. f. Confirmed by Dr. Stapf. 

4. Ananas sylvestris folio Aloes fructu cupressino, J. B. A. sa- 
tivus Schult. f., teste Dr. Stapf. 

170, 6. Pinea Indica sive Ananas fructu rotundiore tuberculis majori- 
bus, Kaida Taddi, Hort. Mai. T. 2. Fandanus tectorius 
Sol. forma, teste Mr. Craib. 

Caput XHV. Melocardnus. 

P. 171, 1. Melocarduus sulcis rectis . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 181. 
Cactus Melocactus L. = Melocaotus communis Link & 
Otto. 
8. M. mamillaris major . . . nobis. A drawing only. Cited 
Hort. Cliff. 181. Cactus mammillaris L. = Mammillaria 
simplex Haw. 



Sectio Octava. De Culmiferis seu Calamiferis. 
Caput I. Triticuiu. 

P. 175, 1. Triticum hybernum aristis carens, C. B. P. Bauhin's 
name is cited Sp. PI. 86 for Triticum hybernum L. The 
specimen is T. vulgare Vill. var. milturum (Alef.), teste 
Dr. Stapf. 

(2) T. culmo rubro . . ., granis rubris ; Red strawed 
wheat ; var. lutesoens Alef. 

(3) T. spica mutica albicante, granis rufescentibus, sive 
Triticum mixtum : Mixt Lammas Wheat : var. lutesaens 
Alef. 

(4) T. spica sive gluma albicante, granis etiam albis : 
White Lammas Wheat : var. albidum Alef. 

2. T. majus rubrum spica quadrangulari splendente . . . nobis. 
No specimen. Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 127 (tab. 1, fig. 2) for 
T. monococcum L. 

5. T. Chalepense spica breviore nitidissima alba, seu Trit. 
Josephi. Dr. Stapf suggests T. turgidum L. var. (Alef.). 

7. T. spica multiplici, C. B. P. T. turgidum L. var. mirabile 

(Kcke.), teste Dr. Stapf. 

8. T. majus longiore . . . Poloniae dictum. Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 

127. T. polonioum L. 



102 PLANTABUM HISTOEIAK OXONIENSIS 

Of the two plants on the sheet, the one on the left is the 
var. levissimum Hall. ; the one on the right the var. 
villosum Desv., teste Dr. Stapf. 
10. T. aestivum, C. B. Theat. No specimen. Cited Hort. Cliff. 
24. T. aestivum L. 
176, 11. T. aestivum spica Hordei polystichi, nobis. Hordeum 
vulgare L. var. coeleste L., teste Dr. Stapf. 

13. T. Spica villosa quadrata longiore . . . nobis. Cone Wheat. 

Trlticum turgidum L. var. buccale (Alef.). 

14. T. spica villosa quadrata breviore et turgidiore, nobis. 

Square gray, Gray Pollard, and Duck-bill Wheat. No 
specimen. Cited Sp. PI. 86 for T. turgidum L., probably 
var. buocale (Alef.). 

Caput II. Gramen tiiticeum sen Canimun. 

P. 177, 2. Gramen caninum non repens elatius spica aristata. Dis- 
covered by Bobart in Oxfordshire. Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 
124. Elymus caninus L. = Agropyron caninum Beauv. 
4. G. caninum maritimum asperum . . . C. B. P. Prod. Tragus 

racemosus Scop. 
6. G. triticeum palustre humilius . . . nobis. No specimen. 
Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 110 for Festuca decumbens L. = 
Sieglingia decumbens Bernh. 
178, 7. G. caninum spicatum foliis brevibus maritimum, nobis. 
Aeluropus littoralis Pari., teste Dr. Stapf. 
8. G. caninum repens vulgatius, Park. Cited Hort. Cliff. 24. 

Triticum repens L. = Agropyron repens Beauv. 
14. G. maritimum vulgato canario simile. Park. Imperfect 
specimen. Agropyron sp., probably repens x junceum. 

Caput III. Secale, & Gramen secalinum. 

P. 179, 1. Secale hybemum sive majus, C. B. P. Theat. Secale 
cereals L. 

4. Gramen Secalinum vulgatissimum viarum, nobis. Cited 

Hort. Cliff. 24. Hordeum murinum L. 

5. G. S. . . . maritimum glaucifolium . . . nobis. H. marinum 

Huds. 

6. G. S. . . . pratense elatius, nobis. H. pratense With. = H. 

secalinum Schreber = H. nodosum L. 
180, 9. G. S. . . . Indicum spica gracili tomentosa . . . D. Pluk. Phyt. 
No specimen. Cited Sp. PI. 1045 for Andropogon con- 
tortum L. = Heteropogon contortus Beauv. 
10. G. S. . . . majus altissimum Virginianum. No specimen. 
Cited Sp. PL 83 for Elymus canadensis L. 



PARS III. SECT. VIII 103 

12. Gr. S. . . . majus sylvatioum, nobis. Type specimen found by 
Bobart at Stokenohurch, Oxon. Hordeum sylvatioum 
Huds. = Elymus europaeus L. 

14. G. S. . . . angustifolium maritimum, sive Sparteum . . . C. B. P. 

Cited Hort. Cliff. 26. Arundo arenaria L. = Psamma 
afeuaria Beauv. = Ainniophila arenaria Link. 

15. G. Sparteum sive Spartum maximum Hollandicum spica 

Secalina, Raii. A. arenaria Link, teste Dr. Siapf. 

Capxtt IY. Lolium & Grameu Loliaceum. 

P. 181, 1. Lolium verum Gesneri. Cited Hort. Cliff. 23, Sp. PI. 122. 

Iiolinm temulentum L. 
182, 2. G. loliaceum vulgare angustiore folio et spica, 3 C. B. P. 

Festuca elatior x Lolium perenne = Festuca adsoendena 

Retz. Also tbe following specimens, not mentioned in tie 

Histoi'ia. 
Gr. lot. spicis hrevioribus et latioribiis compressis : L. perenne 

L. var. compressum Sibtb. 
Or. lol. majus spicis rarius dispositis : Festuca elatior x Lolium 

perenne = Festuca adacendens Retz. 
Gr. lol. sen Phoenix muUiplici spicata panimla, Park. : 

Ii. perenne L., paniculate form. 
3. G. . . . foliis et spicis tenuissimis, nobis. Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 

127. Triticum tenellum L. = T. Lachenalii G mel. =restuea 

Laohenalii Spenn. 

5. G. . . . majus spicis in verticellas multiplicatis, Maderaspata- 

num, D. Pluk. Phyt. Ophiurus eorymbosua Gaertn. f., 
teste Dr. Stapf. 

6. G. . . . maritimum biunciale, nobis. Described on tab. 2, 

iig. 6, as Gr. parvum marinum spica loliacea, Ger. 'In oris 
maritimis britannicis '. The figure is cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 
128 for Triticum maritimum L. (= Cutandia maritima 
Benth., I. K.) In Sp. PI. ed. ii, App. 1677, Linnaeus cites 
Plukeuet's synonym for the plant 'Gr. exile duriusculum 
maritimum foliolis circumvolutis veluti junceis brevibus, 
Pluk. Phyt. Tab. 32. 7 ', under his T. maritimum = Poa 
loliacea Huds. = Desmazeria loliaoea Nyman. 

8. G. . . . maritimum spicis . . . articulatis recurvis, nobis. Only 

a fragment. Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 1490. Aegilops incurvata 
L. = Ae. incurva Sp. PI. ed. i. 1051 = Lepturus in- 
curvus (L.) Druce. 

9. G. . . . murorum . . . spica erecta rigida, nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 

ed. ii. 101. Poa rigida L. = Pestuea rigida Kunth. 
10. G. . . . tenuissimum unciale aut biunciale, nobis. Brought 
by W. Sherard from the South of France. Festuca 
maritima L. var. mutica Koch, teste Dr. Stapf. 



104 PLANTARUM HISTOEIAE OXONIENSIS 

12. Gr. panicula spavsa lutea loliacea, Magnol. Ajip. Cited Sp. 

PI. ed. ii. 91. Milium lendigerum L, = Gastridium 
lendigerum Gaud. 

13. 6. loliaceum foliolis brevibus junceis minus, C. B. P. et 

Theat. 73. Cited Huda. Fl. Angl. 36. Pestuca ovina L. 
183, 15. G. . . . spica divisa pratense majus, nobis. Cited Sp. PI. ed. 
ii. Ill for Pestuca elatior L., but the specimen is P. arun- 
dinaoea Scbreber, confirmed by Dr. Stapf. 

16. G. . . . iluviatile spica longissima divisa, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 

28, and Sp. PI. 111. Poa fluitans L. = Glyoeriafluitans Br. 

17. G. fluviatile geniculatum . . . Virginianum. Cited Sp. PI. 

ed. ii. 63. Scboenus spathaceus L. = Dulicliium spatha- 
ceum Rich ; confirmed by Dr. Stapf. 

Caput V. Grameu dactylum sive Ischaemou. 

P. 184, 2. Gramen dactylon annuum folio latiore, C. B. P. Theat. 

Digitaria sanguinalis Scop., teste Dr. Stapf = Panicum 

sangulnale L. (I. K.). 
4. G. . . . folio arundinaceo minus, C. B. P. Theat. Cynodon 

Dactylon Pers., conflrmed by Dr. Stapf = Capriola 

Daotylon (L.) 0. Kuntze. 
7. G. . . . Aegyptiacum, C. B. P. Theat. No specimen. Cited 

Sp. PI. 73 for Cynosurus aegyptius L. = fileusine aegy- 

ptiaca Desf. 
185, 10. G. . . . repens Indicum . . . Tereta-pullu, Hort. Mai. Pt. 12, 

p. 81. Two specimens : one E. Virginia is Eleusine 

indica Gaertn., teste Dr. Stapf. 

11. G. . . . Indicum esculentum spica articulata, Ambr. Phyt. 

Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 1379. Tripsacum dactyloides L., 
confirmed by Dr. Stapf. 

12. G. . . . scoparium, C. B. P. Gr. Scoparium Ischaemi paniodis 

GalUcum J. B. Eleusine indica Gaertn., teste Dr. Stapf. 

15. G. . . . Indicum . . . Kouda-pullu, Hort. Mai. Pt. 12, p. 95. 
Cited Sp. PI. 1047 for Andropogon fasciculatum L. = 
Chloris radiata Sw. = Chloris fasciculata (L.). The speci- 
men is C. barbata Swartz, teste Dr. Stapf. 

19. G. . . . Americanum . . . sparsis. Eleusine indica Gaertn., 
teste Dr. Stapf. 

Caput VI. Phalaris & Gramen phalaroides. 

P. 186, 1. Phalaria major annua semine albo, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PL 
54. Phalaris canariensis L. 

2. P. major semine nigro, C. B. P. P. minor Retz. Confirmed 
by Dr. Stapf. 

187, 3. P. perennis major radice nodosa, nobis. P. nodosa L., con- 
firmed by Dr. Stapf. 



PARS III. SECT. VIII 105 

5. G. phalaroides spioa longa pyramidali, Sherardi. Brought 

to the Oxford garden by Sheiard. Koeleria phleoides 
Pers., teste Dr. Stapf. 

6. G. . . . spica brevi i-eclinata . . . D. PI. Phyt. Cited Sp. PI. 

ed. ii. 1665. Flialaris paradoxa L., confirmed by 
Dr. Stapf. 

Caput VII. Fanicum & Grameu Fanicenm. 

P. 188, 1. Panioum Germanicum sive panicula minore, C. B. P. 
Cited Hort. Cliff. 26 = P. italicum L. Setaria italica 
Beauv. var. mitis Alef., teste Dr. Stapf. 

2. P. Italicum panicula majore, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 26. 

P. italicum L. = Setaria italica Beauv. sub-sp. Moha- 
rium (Alef.), teste Dr. Stapf. 

4. P. Indicum spica speciosa et pene divulsa. S. italica Beauv. 

var. breviaeta (Doell.) ? f. submonstrosa, teste Dr. Stapf 

5. P. . . . spica obtusa caerulea, C. B. P. Pennisetum spioa- 

tum Kcke., teste Dr. Stapf 
189, 10. G. paniceum, spica simplici iXvudypaa-Tis, C. B. P. Setaria 
viridis Beauv. 

11. G. . . . spica simplici aspera, C. B. P. S. verticillata Beauv. 

12. G. . . . serotinum spica laxa pyramidali, nobis. Gastridium 

australe Beauv. (I. E.). = G. lendigerura Gaud. 

13. G. . . . spica aspera latiore, nobis. Cynosurus echina- 

tus L. 

14. G. . . . Americanum spiois e singulis geniculis prodeuntibus. 

Imperfect specimen. Panicum colonum L. ? teste 
Dr. Stapf. 

15. G. . . . spica divisa primum, C. B. P. No specimen. Cited 

Sp. PI. ed. ii. 83 for P. Crus-galli L. 

16. G. paniceum spica divisa aristis longis armata, 2. C. B. P. 

P. Crus-galli L., confirmed by Dr. Stapf 

17. G. . . . spicis nigris, C. B. P. P. Crus-galli L., confirmed 

by Dr. Stapf. 

Caput YIII. Alopecuros & Gramen Alopecnroides. 

P. 191, 1. Alopecuros genuina, Park. Cited Hort. Cliff. 25. Lagurus 
ovatus L. 

3. A. altera maxima Anglioa paludosa, Ger. Cited Sp. PI. ed. 

ii. 89. Alopecurus monspeliensis L. = Polypogon mon- 
speliensis Desf. 

4. A. major maritima repens spica longiore, nobis. Imperata 

arundinaoea Cyr., teste Dr. Stapf. 

7. A. Madraspatana folio brevi crispo . . . nobis. No specimen. 

Cited Sp. PL ed. ii. 79 for Sacchamm spicatum L. = Perotis 
latifolia Ait. = Perotis spicata (L.) comb. nov. 



106 PLANTAKUM HISTOKIAE OXONIENSIS 

8. Gramen alopecuroidea majus, Ger. Phleum pratense L. 

9. G. . . . medium folio lanuginoso, nobis. Alopecurus pra- 

tensis L. 

192, 11. G. . . . cum caudae muris purpurascentis spica, nobis. The 

specimen is Anthoxanthum odoratum L. 

12. G. . . . spica longa tenuiore, nobis. Alopecurus agrestis L, 

= A. myosuroides Huds. 

13. G. . . . minus spica mucronata pyramidali, Sherardi. Koe- 

leria phleoides Pers., teste Dr. Stapf. 

14. G. . . . Madraspatanum . . . D. Pluk. Elytrophorus articu- 

latus Beauv., teste Dr. Stapf. 

15. G. . . . fluviatile geniculatum procumbens, nobis. Alope- 

curus genlculatus L. 

16. G. alopecuroidea minus . . . spica subcaerulea, nobis. 

Sesleria caerulea Ard. 

17. G. alopecurinum bumilius . . . nobis. 'Alopecurus agrestis 

L., teste Dr. Stapf = A. myosuroides Huds. 

18. G. pumilum hirsutum . . . Raii Hist. Collected by D. Dale. 

Koeleria gracilis Pers. 

19. G. pratense spica purpurea ex utriculo prodeunte, C. B. 

Theat. Alopecurus utrioulatus Sol. 

20. G. spicatum montanum asperum, Raii. The locality given 

in the Historia is ' E rupium fissuris in Monte Ingleborough 
exit densis cespitibus '. On the accompanying label is Gr. 
typhoides asperum Mor. 38. An spicatum mont. asperum B. 
20 H. Ox. 192. 

This, therefore, may not be identical -with Ray's plant. 
The specimens consist of three spikes, without foliage or 
stem, of Phleum Boehmeri Wibel, teste Dr. Stapf, which 
has never been reported from Ingleborough. 

193, 25. G. alopecurinum vernum pratense . . . nobis. No specimen. 

Cited Hort. Cliff. 25. Anthoxanthum odoratum L. 

28. G. alopecuroides Indicum . . . majus spica longa pappescente, 

D. Pluk. Phyt. Melica ciliata L., teste Dr. Stapf. 

29. G. alopecuroides Indicum minus, spica sericea Candida laxiore, 

D. Pluk. Phyt. M. ciUata L., teste Dr. Stapf. 

Caput IX. Gramen typhoides sive typhiniuu, & 
cristattuu. 

P. 193, 1. Gramen typhoides maximum spica longissima, C. B. P. 
Prod. No specimen. Cited Sp. PL ed. ii. 88 (wrong ref. 
to p. 188) for Phleum pratense L. 

2. G. . . . medium sive vulgatissimum. Park. Cited Hort. Cliff. 
22. P. pratense L. 

194, 3. G. . . . minus, Ger. P. pratense L. 



PAES III. SECT. VIII 107 

4. Gr. . . . minus radice dupliciter nodosa, nobis. P. pratense 
L. var. nodosum (L.). 

6. G. cristatum Anglicum, Lob. Cynoaurus cristatus L. 

7. Gr. spioa cristata subhirsutum, C. B. P. No specimen. Cited 

Sp. PI. 63 for Aira cristata L. = Koeleria cristata Pers. 

Caput X, Gramen echinatiim sive acnleatum. 

P. 194, 1. Gramen spica subrotunda echinata, C. B. P. Echinaria 

capitata Desf. = Panioastrella capitata (L.) Moench. 
185, 3. G. album capitulis aculeatis ItaKcum, C. B. P. Cited Sp. 
PI. 42 Schoenus aculeatus L. = Crypsis aciileata Ait. ; 
confirmed by Dr. Stapf. 

4. G. echinatum spicatum locustis crassioribus tribuloidibus 

Virginianum. Cited Sp. PL 1050 for Cenchrus tribuloides 
L. ; but the plant, teste Vt. Stapf, is C. ecMnatus L. 

5. G. aculeatum Curassavicum, Hort. Beg. Paris. Cited Sp. PL 

1488 for Cenchrus echinatus L. ; but the specimen, teste 
Dr. Stapf, is C. tribuloides L. Possibly the labels of this 
and of the previous specimen were transposed by Bobart. 

6. G. humile latifolium. . . . Oplismenus hirtellus R. & S., 

teste Dr. Stapf. 



Distributio Secunda: De Calamiferis jubis sparsis, sive 

pediculis donatis, seminibus nudia sive decorticatis, 

iisque affinibus. 

Caput XL Miliiuu. 

196, 1. Milium semine luteo vel albo, C. B. P. Panicum milia- 
ceum L., teste Dr. Stapf, cf. var. aureum Alef. 

2. M. semine nigro, C. B. P. P. mlliaoeum L. var., teste 

Dr. Stapf. 

3. M. Indicum angustiore folio, semine flavo. ... Cf. P. psilo- 

podiunGL Trin., teste Dr. Stapf. 

4. M. Virginianum lato brevique folio. ... E Virginia. Cited 

Sp. PL 86 for P. latifolium L. ; the specimen is P. Porte- 
rianum Nasb, teste Dr. Stapf. 

7. M. arundinaceum . . . sorgo nominafcum, C. B. P. Cited Sp. 

PL 1047 Holcua Sorghum L. = Sorghum vulgare Pers. 
The specimen is, teste Dr. Stapf, the var. Arduini Gmel. 

8. M. arundinaceum piano alboque semine, C. B. P. S. vulgare 

Pers. var., teste Dr. Stapf. 
10. G. miliaceum vulgare, Park. Cited Sp. PL 61. Milium 
eflfusum L. A specimen of Deachampsia caespitosa Beauv. 
is on the same sheet. 



108 PLANTABUM HISTOEIAE OXONIENSIS 

12. G. miliaoeum parvum repens Hibernicum, Sherardi. From 
the Mourne mountains, collected by W. Sherard ; doubtless 
the earliest Irish record. Agrostis alba L. var. pro- 
repens Aschers. 

Caput XII. Grameu Fanicnlattiin. 

P. 199, 1. Gramen segetum altissimum panicula sparsa, C. B. P. 
Cited Hudson Fl. Angl. 29 for Aira caespitosa L. = 
Deschampsia caespitosa Beauv. ; the specimen is, teste 
Dr. Stapf, Agrostis Spicarventi L. = Apera Spica-venti 
Beauv. 

Bobart seems to have confused two species, since A. Spica- 
venti does not grow ' in pascuis etiam junceis & aquosis ', 
whereas Deschampsia caespitosa does ; and the latter does 
not grow ' inter segetes' as does the former. 

4. G. parvum repens paniculis atrorubentibus, nobis. The 

specimen is Catabrosa aquatica Beauv. There is some 
confasion here ; the habitat given is ' in agris cultis ', 
which is inapplicable to the specimen ; and in the label 
on the sheet the word ' parvum ', in the name, is replaced 
by ' udorum '. 

5. G. xerampelinum miliacea praetenui ramosaque sparsa 

panicula . . . Lob. Iliust. Agrostis alba Schrad., teste 
Dr. Stapf. 

200, 8. G. montanum paniculatum odoratum, C. B. P. Hierochloe 

borealis R. & S. = H. odorata Wahl. = Savastana odorata 
Scrib. ; confirmed by Dr. Stapf. 
9. Or. nemorosum paniculis albis, capillaceo folio, C. B. P. Cited 
Sp. PI. 65. Aira flexuosa L. = Deschampsia flexuosa 
Trin. The first record for Oxfordshire and Berkshire. 

11. G. paniculatum purpuioargenteum locustis parvis annuum. 

Cited Sp. PL 66. Aira oaryoph.yllea L. 

12. G. montanum panicula foliacea majus, nobis. Gathered by 

Lhwyd upon Carnedd Llhewellyn, Carnarvonshire. Two 
specimens ; the one Deschampsia caespitosa Beauv. f. 
vivipara ; the other Festuca ovina L. f. vivipara. 

13. G. montanum panicula foliacea, capillaceo folio minus, nobis. 

Pestuca rubra L , f. vivipara. 

15. G. capitulo globoso foliaceo. Probably Dactylis glomerata 

L., f. vivipara. 

16. G. minimum elegans paniculis elegantissimis, C. B. P. No 

specimen. Cited Sp. PL 63 (no. 10 in error). Agrostis 
minima L. = Mibora minima Desv. 

17. G. agrorum venti spica, Park. Cited Sp. PL ed. ii. 96. Aira 

caespitosa L. = Deschampsia caespitosa Beauv. 

201, 18. 6. pratense majus latiore folio . . . C. B. P. Poa trivialis L, 



PARS III. SECT. VIII 109 

19. Ct. pratense majus angustiore folio, C. B. P. Hudson cites it 

for his P. angustifolia. P. nemoralis L. 

20. G. pratense paniculatum medium, C. B. P. P. pratensis L. 

21. G. pratense minimum album et rubrum, Ger. P. annua L. 

22. G. pratense serotinum panicula longa purpurascente, Raii. 

Cited Sp. PI. 64. Aira caerulea L. = Molinia caerulea 
Moencli. 

25. G aquaticum latlfolium, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. 67. Poa 

aquatica L. = Glyoeria aquatioa Wahl. 

26. G. . . . arundinaceum Syriacum. ... No specimen. Cited 

Sp. PI. 1048 for Holcus halepensis L. = Sorghum hale- 
pense Pers. 
202,31. G. caninum maritimum paniculatum, Eaii. Teste Dr. Stapf 
Atropis maritima Griseb. = Glyceria maritima Wahl. 
(I. K.). 

33. G. paniculatum Virginianum locustis minimis. Cited Sp. PL 

68 and Aiton Hort. Kew. i. 156 for Poa capillaris L. ; the 
specimen, teste Dr. Stapf, is Eragrostis Frankii Steud. 

A second sheet with Bobart's label 202. 33, is Panicum 
nitidum Lam. 

34. G. pratense paniculatum molle, C. B. P. Holcus lanatus L. 

35. G. paniculatum molle radice Graminis canini repente, nobis. 

Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 1485. Holcus moUis L, 

37. G. panicula peudula aurea, C. B. P. Theat. Iiamarkia 

aurea Moench. 

38. G. spicatum aspero folio, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PL ed. ii. 105. 

Daotylis glomerata L. 

203, 40. G. spicatum asperum annuum, Morisoni. Morison originally 
found this plant about Blois. Daotylis glomerata L. 
near var. abbreviata Bernh. 

41. G. arundinaceum acerosa gluma nostras. Park. Cited Sp. PL 

ed. ii. 80. Plialaris arundinacea L. (Digraphis.) 

42. G. arundinaceum spicatum, C. B. P. A form, with more 

condensed and strict panicles, of P. arundinacea L. 

Another sheet Gr. spicatum sx>ica multiplici semine 
oblongo . . . Moris. 42 has fragments of presumably this 
species. 

43. G. paniculatum folio variegato, C. B. P. P. arundinacea 

L. forma piota. 
45. 6. tremulum vulgare minus . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 23. 

Briza media L. ; also a sheet variat. spicis alhicantihus var. 

albida Lej. 
47. G. tremulum minus locusta deltoide, nobis. Cited Hort. 

Cliff. 23. B. minor L. (Wrongly referred by Aiton, Hort. 

Kew. i. 156, to Poa Eragrostis.) 



110 PLANTAEUM HISTOEIAE OXOHIENSIS 

48. G. ti-emulum maximum, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 43. 
B. raaxiiua L. 

51. G. iiv\oiKo(ji6pav o|d0uXXoi» Carolinianum, D. Pluk. No speci- 
men. Cited Hoit. Cliff. 23. Uniola paniculata L. 
204,52. G. paniculis elegantissimis, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. 71. 
Biiza Eragrostis L. = Sragrostis major Host. 

54. G. amoris alterum . . . Rail Itin. The localities given are 

Montpellier and Florence ; but the specimen, testel)i. Stapf, 
is BragroBtis amabilis W. & A., which is not a native of 
Europe. 

55. G. amoris Indiae Orientalis . , . D. Pluk. Phyt. E. aspera 

Nees (I. K.), teste Dr. Stapf. 

Bistributio Tertia : De Calamiferis spicatis, granis corticatis 
asperis, iisque affinibus. 

Caput XIII. Zea sive Briza. 

P. 205, 2. Zea Briza dicta vel monococcos Germanica, C. B. P. 
Tritioum monococoum L., teste Dr. Stapf. 

4. G. spica Brizae majus, C. B. P. Braohypodium pinnatum 

Beauv. 

5. G. spica Brizae minus, C. B. P. B. diatachyiim. Beauv. 

Caput XIY. Hordetua & Gramen Hordeaceum. 

P. 206, 1. Hordeum dystichon, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 125. 
Hordeum distichon L. Professor Percival distinguishes 
the right and left specimens on the sheet as var. nutans, 
the middle one as var. ereotmn Schiibl. 

2. H. dystichum spica lata c'ompressa breviore, nobis. Cited 

Sp. PI. ed. ii. 125. H. zeocriton L. = H. distichum L. 
var. zeocrithum Kcke., teste Dr. Stapf. 

3. H. polystiohum hybemum, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 125 

for H. vulgare L. var. celaeste L. ; the specimen, teste 
Dr. Stapf, is H. wilgare var. pallidum Kcke. 

Distributio Quarta : De Calamiferis jubis sparsis, granis 
tunicatis, iisque affinibus. 

Caput XV. Oxyza. 
P. 208, 1. Oryza, C. B. T. Cited Hort. Cliff. 137. Oryza sativa L. 

Caput XVI. Avena, Bromos, & Aegilops. 

P. 209, 1. Avena vulgaris seu alba, C. B. P. Avena sativa L. ; 
Dr. Stapf suggests cf. var. aurea Kcke. 



PARS III. SECT. VIII 111 

3. A. nigra, C. B. P. A. fatua L. var. glabrata Peterm., teste 

Dr. Stapf. 

4. A. nuda, C. B. P. A. sativa L. var. nuda, teste Dr. Stapf. 

5. A. Bylvestris pilosa aristis recurvis, nobis. A. fatua L. 
210, 8. A. Lusitanica spicata, caput Medusae referens. No specimen. 

Cited Sp. PL 84 for Elymus Caput Medusae L. 
9. A. perennis Austriaca capillacea . . . nobis. Aristida 
Hyatrlx L., teste Dr. Stapf. 

Caput XVII. Festnca, Gramen avenaceniu. 

P. 212, 10. Festuca sive Aegilops capitulis duris, C. B. P. Tritioum 
oTatiim Basp. 
11. F. avenaoea sterilis elatior . . . C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. 77. 
Broiaus sterilis L. 

13. P. . . . sterilis, pediculis brevioribus et spicis erectis. 

Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 114 for B. tectorum L. ; but the 
specimen is B. madritensia L. ; confirmed by Dr. Stapf. 

14. P. graminea longissimis aristis glumis vacuis, C. B. P. 

B. rubena L. 

16. Gr. avenaceum locustis majoribus squamatis segetale majus, 
nobis. E. secalinus L. 

213, 18. G. . . . pratense panicula squamata et villosa, nobis. Cited 
Sp. PL ed. ii. 112. Bromus mollis L. = B. hordeaceus L. 

19. G. . . . pratense gluma tenuiore glabra, nobis. From S. Dale. 

B. oommutatus Schrad. 

20. G. . . . glabrnm panicula purpuroargentea splendente, Eaii. 

B. erectus Huds. forma, teste Dr. Stapf. 

21. G. . . . erectum foliis anguatioribus glabris, nobis. Avena 

pratensis L. 

22. G. . . . erectum foliis latioribus hirtis. Avena pubescens 

Huds. 

26. G. ...dumetorum paniculatum majus glabrum, nobis. Bromus 

asper Murr. (I. K.) = B. ramosus Huds. 

27. G. . . . dumetorum paniculatum majus hiisutum, nobis. 

Cited Sp. PL ed. ii. 113 for Bromus arvensis L. ; but 
Bobart's description points to a more hirsute form of 
B. ramosus Huds., which is what the specimens are. 
214,29. G. . . . paniculatum Gallo-Provinciale . . . Schol. Bot. Par. 
Collected by W. Sherard. Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 90. Milium 
paradoxum L. = Oryzopsis paradoxa Nutt. 
30. G. . . . glabrum panicula e spicis raris strigosis composita, 
aristis tenuissimis, D. Doody (Fulham). Bromus gigan- 
teus L. (vide infra). 

This specimen is on the same sheet as part of the 
following. 



112 PLANTARUM HISTOBIAE OXOKIENSIS 

31. G. . . . paniculatum rigidis angustis foliis, nobis. Stipa 

CalamagroBtis Wahl., teste Dr. Stapf. 
33. G. . . . dumetorum elatius latiore folio Bpicatum, Raii Hist. 

B. gracile Beauv. = Brachypodium Bylvaticum R. & S. 
35, G. . . . Madraspatanum locustis rarioribus . . . D. Pluk. 

Apluda varia Hackel, teste Dr. Stapf. 

37. G. . . . elatius juba longa splendente, Raii. No specimen. 

Cited Sp. PI. 79 for Avena elatior L. = Arrlieuatlieruiii 
elatiuB M. & K. 

38. G. . . . elatius radice tuberculis praedita, nobis. No speci- 

men. A. tuberosa (Gilib.) Druce. 

215, 42. G. . . . panicula flavescente locustis parvis, Raii. Cited Sp. 

PL 80 for Avena flavescens L. = Trisetum flavescens 
Beauv. 

48. G. . . . murorum spica longissima, Ger. No specimen. Cited 

Sp. PI. 75 for Festuca myuros L. 

49. G. avenaceum locustis rarioribus, C. B. T. 155. Hudson cites 

it for bis Melica nutans ; but the specimen is M. Bauhini 
All. ; confirmed by Dr. Stapf. 

216, 51. G. . . . locustis rarioribus muticis Virginianum majus. Cited 

Sp. PI. 67 for Melica altissima L. ; but the specimen is, 
testihus Dr. Stapf and W. B. Turrill, M. mutica Walt. 

Caput XVIII. Cramen spartetuu. 

P. 217, 8. Gramen sparteum capillaceo folio minus, C. B. P. Nardus 
stricta L. 

The following specimens are not described in the 
Historia. 

Gramen Sparteum Serothmm spica lobatim in duos tresve spicas 
altenias quasi fissili unam praecipue partim spectante, 
Buddie; with a note in his ^vriting — I found it abundantly 
in ye marshes upon ye rirer Wallfleet near Fambridge Ferry, 
Essex. Spartina stricta Roth. 

Gr. pratense medium culmo compresso Buddie. At Maldon in 
Essex upon walls, likeunse amongst corn in Suffolk. . . . 
Poa compressa L. 

Gr. caninum maritimum spicis spicam totalem componentibus 
crassioribus et rarioribus, Buddie. Ad oras Suffolk, Prope 
Yarmouth. Agropyron junceum Beauv., near var. mega- 
staoliyum (Fries) Druce. 

Gr. cristatum quadratum sen quatuor erisiatarum glumarum 
versibus, Raii Syn. 252, in S. Dale's writing. Cynosurus 
cristatus L. 

Gr. typhinum maritimum minus, 3 Eaii Syn. 252. Phleum 
arenarium L. 



PAES III. SECT. VIII 113 

Gr. foliolis brevibus junceis minus, C. B. Theat. Festuoa 
oviaa L. var. paludosa (Gaud.). 

LoUum album spica aristata. Iiolium temulentuni L. 

Gr. minimum spica brevi habitiore, nostrum, Baii Syn. 253. 
From S. Dale, and label in his writingf. Aira praeoox L. 

Gr. paniculatum loeustis phoeniceis tremulis, Tourn. Briza 
maxima L. 

Caput XIX. Gramiua maxima Arnudiues dicta. 

P. 218, 1. Arundo vulgaris palustris, J. B. Arundo Phragmitea L. = 
Phragmites vulgaris (Lam.) Druce. 

2. A. sylvatica elatior panicula molli Candida . . . nobis. 

Calamagrostis epigeios Roth. 

3. A. plumosa alba ramosa, nobis. One sheet is Erianthus 

Kavennae Beauv., teste Dr. Stapf ; the other (from H. 0.) 
is Phragmites vulgaris. 

219, 9. Arundo Indica -Laconica versicolor, Park. No specimen. 
Cited Sp PI. 81 for Arundo Donax L. var. ; and in 
Alton's Hort. Kew. i. 173 for A. versicolor Mill. ; A. Do- 
nax L. var. versicolor (Mill.). 

221, 24. A. farcta vallium Ravennae, Zanoni. No specimen. Cited 
Sp. PL ed. ii. 148 (for fig. 32) for Andropogon ravenae L. = 
Erianthus Ravennae Beauv. (Linnaeus in error wrote 
'alpium' for 'vallium' and 'ravenae' for 'ravennae'.) 

Capttt XX. GTam,eu tomeutosum. 

P. 224, 1. Gramen tomentosum pratense panicula sparsa, C. B. P. et 
Theat. Eriophoriun angustifoliuiu Roth. 

2. G. . . . capitulo ampliore . . . Virginianum. No specimen. 
Cited Sp. PL 53 for E. virginicum L. 

6. G. juncoides lanatum alterum Danioum, Park. ' In agro 
Salopiensi.' E. vaginatujn L. 

Caput XXI. Gramen hirsatam. 

P. 225, 1. Gramen hirsutum latifolium majus, C. B. P. Cited Hort. 
Cliff. 468. Juncus pilosus L. = Luzula = Juncoides pilo- 
sum Morong. 

2. G. . . . latifolium maximum . . . Cur. Juncoides sylvaticum 

(Huds.). 

3. G. . . . angustifolium majus, C. B. P. Luzula multiflora DC.= 

Juncoides multiflorum Druce. 

4. G capitulis Psyllii, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 137. Juncus 

campestris L. = Juncoides campestre Morong. 



114 PLANTARUM HISTORIAE OXONIENSIS 

Caput XXII. Gramen Jiiuceiuu. 

P. 227, 1. Gramen junceum articulatum palustre erectum et elatius, 
nobis. Cited Sp. PL 327. Juncus articulatus L. var. y = 
J. artictilatus L. 

2. G. . . . articulatum palustre humilius . . . nobis. J. lampo- 

carpus Ehrh. = J. articulatus L. 

3. G. . . . minimum Holosteo Mattbioli congener, Park. J. su- 

pinus Moench = J. bulbosus L. 
4- G. . . . aquaticum . . . proliferum, D. Pluk. Phyt. J. bulbosus 

L. var. vivipara. 
6. G. . . . maritimum . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 43. Schoenus 

mucronatus L. = Cyperus aegyptiacus Glox. = Cyperus 

mucronatus (L.). 

11. G. . . . Junci sparsa panioula, Park. Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 466. 
Juncus bulbosus L. 

The young specimens are, I believe, J. Gerardi Lois. 
In this the Rev. E. S. Marshall agrees. 
228, 14. G. nemorosum calyculis paleaceis, C. B. P. Juncus b\ifo- 
nius L. 
15. G. junceum Virginianum . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 466. 
for J. nodosus L. 

The specimens are J. tenuis Willd. Interesting as 
showing that this American species was so long ago known 
in Europe. 
18. G. . . . spicatum seu triglochin, C. B. P. Trigloohin pa- 
lustre L. 
228,25. G. ad junceum accedens aromaticum majus Syriacum, nobis. 
Cited Sp. PL 1481. Andropogon. Schoenanthus L. 

28. G. junceum Brasilianum . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PL ed. ii. 62. 

Xyris indica L. 

29. 6. . . . Hibemicum minus Thlaspios capitulis, Sherardi. 

Cited DC. Syst. ii. 698. Subularia aquatica L. 

Sherard first discovered it in Ireland. An extraordinary 
idea of its systematic position is shown by Bobart in 
placing it in this section. 
230, 30. G. . . . sive Holosteum minimum palustre . . . Rail. Cited 
Sp. PI. 115 and DC. Prod. xiii. 737. Plantago uniflora L.= 
Littorella juncea Berg. = L. uniflora Aschers. 
31. 6. . . . clavatum minimum . . . Rail. Cited Sp. PL 48. 
Soirpus fluitans L. 

Plantae Fungosae enodes & aphyllae. 

Caput XXIII. Jnncns. 

P. 231, 1. Juncus maximus sive Scirpus, C. B. P. Soirpus lacu- 
stris L. 



PAES III. SECT. VIII J 15 

2. J. sive Scirpus medius, C. B. P. Scirpus lacustris L. 

4. J. laevis panicula sparsa major, C. B. P. Junous efiusus L. 

5. J. laevis alter, C. B. P. J. effusus L., var. compactus Lej. 

& Court. 
7. J. laevis panicula non sparsa, C. B. P. J. oonglomeratus L. 
232, 13. J. acutus vulgaris, Park. J. glaucus Ehrh. = J. inflexus L. 

14. J. acutus maritimusAnglious, Park. 1194. J. maritimus Lam. 

15. J. pungens sive acutus capitulis Sorghi, J. B. Cited Sp. PI. 

325. J. aoutuB L. 

16. J. montanus liumilis palustris . . . nobis. J. squarrosus L. 

17. J. maritimus capitulis rotundis, 0. B. P. et Theat. ' In agro 

Hantoniensi detexit D. Sherard ; in comit. Somersetensi 
quoque invenitur.' Soirpua Holosohoenus L. 

20. J. acutus maritimus caule triangulo, C. B. P. Gited Sp. PI. 50. 

S. mucrouatuB L. 

21. Huic addit CI. D. Pluknet Tab. 40. S. triqueter L. 

23. JunceUus omnium minimus. Adv. Lob. No specimen. Cited 

Sp. PI. 49 for S. setaceus L. 
233,24. J. perpusillus Aethiopicus capillaceus . . . nobis. Cyperus 

tenellus L. fil., testihus Dr. Stapf and W. B. Turrill. 
25. Juncus acumine reflexo major, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. 326 for 

Juncus inflexus L. 

Only a fragment, but it is not J. glaucus Ehrh. usually 

considered to be synonymous vfith J. inflexus L, ; it is 

suggested by W. B. Turrill and. Dr. Stapf that it may be 

Scirpus ? HolosohoenuB L. 
28. J. laevis panicula glomerata nigricante, C. '&, P. Cited Sp. 

PI. 43. Schoenus nigricans L. 
30. J. Afrioanus pectinato capite. Cited Sp. PI. 1068. Aoro- 

stiohum peetinatum L., not a Rush but a Fern. 

32. J. capitulis Equiseti major, C. B. P. Scirpus palustris L. = 

Bleocharis palustris Br. 

33. J. clavatus major capitulis longioribus . . . E. palustris Br. 

34. J. clavatus medius capitulis rotundioribus. Fragments of 

E. palustris Br. 
85. J. parvus montanus cum parvis capitulis luteis, J. B. Chabr. 
There is confusion among the specimens under this 
number. One sheet, labelled by Bobart Juncus pari'itu 
palustris cum parvis capitulis Equiseti, R. H., 35 H. Ox., is 
Scirpus caespitosuB L. ; the other sheet, labelled v^ith 
both these names, bears two specimens ; one sterile, which 
may be S. caespitosus L. ; the other fertile, which is Eleo- 
charis multicaulis Sm. 
234, 37. Juncellus clavatus minimus . . . Bocc. Cited Sp. PI. 48. 
Scirpus acicularis L. = Eleocharis acicularis Br, 

I 2 



116 PLANTAEUM HISTOEIAE OXONIENSIS 

Bistrihutio Quinta : Plantae Graminifoliae Enodes. 
Caput XXIV. Cyperns. 

P. 236, 5. Cyperus Madraspatensia major paniculis turgidioribus 
densius stipatis. Junoellus alopeouroides C. B. CI., 
testibus W. B. Turrill and Dr. Stapf. 

8. C. rotundus inodorus littoreus, Ger. Scirpus raaritimus L. 

10. C. rotundus esculentua angustifolius, C. B, P. Cited Sp. PI. 

45. C. esculentua L. 
12. C. Madraspatensia panioula sparsa . . . 

Two specimens : the one on the right, probably the type, 
is Mariaous Sietaerianus Nees, testibus W. B. Turrill 
and Dr. Stapf. The other is Cyperua digitatua Eoxb. 
Another sheet Gi: Cyp. Madrasp, panicula magis sparsa et 
speciosa, C. flavidus Retz. 
237,13. C. .longua odoratus, C. B. P. Fragmentary specimen, no 
flowers, probably C. longua L. 

15. C. longus latifolius locustis plurimis . . . nobis. 'Prope 

Hinksey,' Berkshire, where it still grows. Sclrpua aylva- 
ticua L. 

16. C. Americanus major Lithospermi semine. Cited Sp. PI. 

ed. ii. 65. Schoenus lithospermus L. = Scleria Flagellum 
nigrorum Berg. Dr. Stapf says Scleria sp. 

On the same sheet is Sorghum vulgare Pers. var. bicolor 
= Andropogon halepensis Brot. var. bieolor. 

24. C. longus inodorus major . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. ed.ii. 62. 
Schoenus Mariscus L. = Cladium jamaicense Crantz = 
C Mariscua Br. 
238, 25. C. longus inodorus latifolius . . . nobis. Ad Thamesis ripas. 
C. Mariscua Br. 

27. C. Americanus . . . nobis. A sheet of mixed specimens. One, 
probably the type, is, testibus W. B. Turrill and Dr. Stapf, 
Mariscua ovularia Vahl, the other Wassumbo Curry, 
Cyperua di£forinis L. 

29. C. Minor Madraspatensis panicula sparsa . . . nobis. ?Py- 
creua flaveacens Nees, teste W. B. Turrill and Dr. Stapf. 

£0. C. . . . Juncelli Gesneri capitulis. Pimbriatylis diphylla 

Vahl, testibus W. B. Turrill and Dr. Stapf. 
32. C. . . . rarius et tenuius, spicatus, nobis. Cyperua oom- 

pressuB L., testibus W. B. Turrill and Dr. Stapf. 
35. C. Madraspatanua spicis plurimis summo caule in orbem 

congestis. Puirena glomerata Lam., testibus W. B. 

Turrill and Dr. Stapf. 

239,37. C. minor pulcher panicula lata compressa subflavescente, 
nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 46. C. flavescens L. = Pyoreus 
flavesoensBeauv.(I. K.), testibus W. B. Turrill and Dr. Stapf, 



PARS III. SECT. VIII 117 

38. C. minor pulchex' panicula compressa nigiicante, nobis. 

Cited Sp. PI. 47. C. fuscus L. 

39. C. minor palustris hirsutus paniculis albis paleaceis, nobis. 

There is a double error here. The figure 39 on tab. 9 
is poorly drawn and bears a superficial resemblance to 
Rynchospora alba and to Juncoides (Luzula) niyeum. 
Linnaeus indeed quotes it for both species, Sp. PI. p. 44 for 
Schoenus albus and ed. ii, p. 468 for Juncus niveus. One 
at least of Bobart's synonyms belongs to the latter species ; 
but that of Gerard Gramen junceum leucanthem urn refers to 
Eynchospora alba, as does Bobart's description of the 
habitat ' m humidis locis', and his locality Windsor Forest 
also refers to Rynchospora alba and is taken from John- 
son's Gerard, p. 80, 1633. But Bobart's specimens in the 
Herbarium are Juncoides niveum (L.). Hudson, Fl. 
Anglica, p. 15, 1762, refers Bobart's plant to Rynchospora 
alba, as Schoenus albus. 

40. C. minor angustifolius palustris capitulis fuscis paleaceis. 

The description and f. 40 is cited by Linnaeus in Sp. PI. 
ed. ii. 1664 for Schoenus fusous which the description 
' capitulis fuscis paleaceis ' fits ; but the specimens are 
Eynohospora alba Vahl with glumes more coloured than 
usual. The Morison synonym should therefore be deleted 
from Sp. PI. 

41. C. Niloticus vel Syriacus maximus papyraceus, nobis. No 

specimen. Cited Sp. PI. 47 for Cyperus Papyrus L. 

Caput XXV. Gramen Cyperoides. 

P. 242, 3. Gramen cyperoides angustifolium spicis longis erectis, 
C. B.P. Carex gracilis Curtis. 

4. G. . . . majus spica pendula longiore, Park. C. pendula 

Huds. 

5. G. . . . spica pendula breviore, C.B. P. Theat. Cited Sp. PI. 

987. C. Pseudo-Cyperua L. 

6. G. . . . majus praecox spicis turgidis teretibus flavescentibus. 

Prom Christ Church Meadow : the first record for Oxford- 
shire. Cited Sp. PI. 979. C. vesioaria L. var. y. 
On the sheet is also C. inflata Huds. 

8. G. . . . medium angustifolium . . . Erroneously cited Sp. PI. 

ed. ii. 1383 for C. elongata L. The figure cited (tab. 12, 
no. 8) does not resemble that species, nor does it grow in 
the locality (Hockley, near Oxford) mentioned. The speci- 
mens, as also the description and the figure, are referable 
to C. inflata Huds. 

9. G. . . . sylvarum tenuius spicatum, Park. Cited in error Sp. 

PI. 979 for C. vesicaria L. var. /3. The specimen is, as the 
description and habitat suggest, C. sylvatioa Huds. 



118 PLANTAKUM HISTOKIAE OXONIENSIS 

10. G. . . . polystachyon lanuginosum, Raii. Cited Sp. PI. 975. 

C. hirta L. 

11. G. . . . spicatum foliis caryophylleis, Park. C. glauca Scop, = 

C. flacca Schreber. 

12. G. . . . caryophylleum angustissimis foliis . . . nobis. First 

found in Oxfordshire by Bobart's brother Tilleman. 
C. Goodenowii Gay. 

13. G. cyperoides caryophylleum elatius . . . The description 

points to C. panicea L. ; bat the specimen is C. flacca 
Schreber. 

243, 14. G. . . . longiore et anguatiore folio . . . nobis. No specimen. 
Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 1388, n. 84 {an potius f. 3) for C. cae- 
spltosa L. 

15. G. caryophyllatum montanum spica varia, C. B. P. C. digi- 

tata L. 

16. G. cyperoides polystachyon flavicans . . . Raii. C. verna 

Chaix = C. caryophyllea Latour. 

17. G. . . . angustifolium . . . Raii. No specimen. Cited Sp. PI. 

ed. ii. 1383 for C. remota L. 

18. G. . . . graciJe alterum . . . Lob. Stirp. lUust. ' Ultra Ifley 

pagum', first Oxford record. Cited Sp. PI. 1388, n. 88. 
C. distans L. 

19. G. . . . palustre aculeatum, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. 975. 

C. ^ava L. 
The specimen is not the normal form. 
244,21. G. . . . minimum seminibus . . . puliciformibus, Raii. Cited 
Sp.Pl. 973. C. pulicaris L. 
22. G. . . . minimum spica cassa simplici, Raii. Hockley, Oxon., 
fii-st record. Cited Sp. PI. 972 for C. dioica L. ; but the 
specimen on one of the two sheets is C. flava L. var. 
oedooarpa And. 

?3. G. . . . palustre elatius spica longiore laxa, Raii. Cited Sp. 
PL ed. ii. 1384. C. paniculata L. 

24. G. . . . palustre majus spica compacta, C. B. P. No speci- 

men. Cited Sp. PI. 974 (fig. 14) for C. vulpina L. 

25. G. . . . spicis minoribus minusque compactis, C. B. P. C. 

contigua Hoppe = C. murioata L. 

26. G. nemorosum spicis parvis asperis, C. B. P. No specimen. 

Cited Sp. PI. 974 (fig. 7) for C. murioata L. 

27. G. sylvaticum tenuifoliura rigidiusculum, J. B. C. lepo- 

rina L. 

28. G. cyperoides aculeatum minus . . . nobis. C. disticha 

Huds. forma. 

Another sheet has a scrappy specimen from W. Sherard 
G. cyp. spicat. miinis s. longa divisa seu inteifvpta B., C. di- 
vulsa Stokes. 



PAES III. SECT. VIII 119 

29. Gr. . . . palustre majus spica divisa, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. 

973 for C. leporina L. The specimens are C. distioha 
Huds. 

30. Gr. . . . medium . . . maritimum, nobis. C. arenaria L. 
245,31. Gr. . . . elegans spica composita asperiore, Raii. Cited Sp. 

PL ed. ii. 1381 for C. brizoides L. The specimens are 0. 
curta Good. = C. canesoena L. 

32. 6. . . . medium . . . Raii. C disticha Huds. 

33. G. . . . foliis mollibus, spicis brevibus . . . Raii. Probably from 

Doody who first discovered it on Hampstead Heath, as 
recorded in Ray's Historia, 1688. C. pilulifera L. 

34. G. ... ex monte Ballon . . . Raii. C. distioha Huds. forma. 

35. G. . . . spica simplici compressa disticha, Raii. No specimen. 

Cited Sp. PI. 43 for Sohoenus compressus L. = Blysmus 
compressus Panz. = Scirpus caricis Retz = S. compressus 
Pers. 

36. G. . . . minimum Ranunculi capitulo simplici . . . Cited Sp. 

PI. ed. ii. 1380 (f. 6) for Carex oapitata L. : ' Haud longe ab 

Oxonio nascitur.' There is no specimen ; but if from 

Oxford, the plant could not be this species. Bobart probably 

meant the female form of C. dioica. 
38. G. . . . minimum Ranunculi capitulo simplici longiore et 

moUiore. Contributed by W. Sherard. It is the luxuriant 

female plant of C. dioica L. 
40. G. . . . caryophylli proliferi capitulo simplici squamato. 

From B. Lhwyd. Cited erroneously in Sp. PI. 48 and 

Hudson's Fl. Angl. 14 for Schoenus ferrugineus L. The 

specimen is the earliest known of Scirpus pauoiflorus 

Lightf. 

The following specimens are not mentioned in the Hist. . 
Gramen cyperoides polystachion majusculum laiifolium, spicis 

multis, longis, strigosis, Raii Syn. 265. Carex strigosa 

Huds. 
Gi: cyp. spicatum minimum spica divulsa aculeata, ii Raii Syn. 

269. Carex eohiuata Murr. 
Gr. cyp. una alterave spica rotunda praeter cassam, Doodii, 

Bail Syn. 345. C. caryophyllea Latour. 

Gr. junceum polyceraton foliolis plurimis e nodis proferens. 
Potamogitoni affinis graminifolia aguatica Raii Syn. 281. 
Juucus bulbosus L. forma. 

Jimcus aguaticus major carinatus, D. Doody. This differs not 
much from ye common Bull-rush, chiefly in ye furrows yt run 
all along ye scape which loohing narrowly you may discover 
in these dry specimens. It grows in ye river Thames. First 
found by Doody prior to 1716. Scirpus carinatus Sm., 
now considered to be a hybrid, S. lacustris x triqueter. 



120 PLANTAEUM HISTOEIAE OXONIENSIS 

Gr. ajp. angustifolia majua et elatius ex Monte Ballon simile. 

In jjrato Aedis Christi. Tirst record for Oxon of Carex 

disticha Hud8. 
Gr. cyp. angustifoUvm spicis parvis sessilihus in foliorum alis, 

R. Syn. 267. ' Well cut by your Tab 17' in Buddie's writing;. 

The plant is Carex remota L. With it Buddie puts his 

insignis varietas si non species distincta . . . which is 

C. axillaris Good. 

Gr. cyp. spicis oblongis distantibvs in foliorum longiorum alis 
sessilibus var. 12 Rail Syn. 266. C. helodes Link, teste 
Arth. Bennett. 

Gr. cyp. longiim gracile foliolo oblongo spica parva compjuctK 
suhjecto, j unci speciem referens. C. pilulifera L. 

Gr. cyp. spicis Irevibus congestis folio molli, Eaii Fascic. 

D. Doody. C. caryophyllea Latour. 

270, f. 16, Si non idem D. Vernon. C. dioioa L. ?, teste 
E. S. Marshall who writes ' fruit remarkably patent '. 

Gr. cyp. parvitm Ranunculi capitulo longiore, D. Sherard. In 
ye county of Down on Mount. Bogs Dr. Sherard. C. dioica L. 

Gr. sparteuin serotinum spica totali in duas tresve spicas alternas 
quasi fissili, unam praecipue partem speetante, Buddie. ' / 
found it abundantly on ye Marshes upon ye river Wallfleet 
near Fambridge ferry in Dengey hundred, Essex.' Spartina 
stricta Roth. 

Caput XXVI. Typha palnstris. 

P. 246, 1. Typha palustris major, C. B. P. No specimen. Cited Sp. 
PI. 971 for T. latifolia L. 

2. T. palustris media, J. B. No specimen. Cited Sp. PI. 971 

for T. angustifolia L. 
4. T. aromatica clava rugosa, nobis. No specimen. Cited 
Hort. Cliff. 137. Acorus Calamus L. 

Caput XXVII. Sparganitun. 

P. 247, 1. Sparganium ramosum, C.B. P. Ger. Park. No specimen. 
Cited Hort. Cliff. 439. Sparganium ereotum L. 

3. S. non ramosum, C. B. P. S. simplex Huds. 

Caput XXVIII. FrumentTun Indicum Mayz dictum. 

P. 248, 1. Prumentum Indicum Mayz dictum, C. B. P. No speci- 
men. Cited Hort. Cliff. 437. Zea Mays L. 

Caput XXIX. Iiachryma Jobi. 

P. 249, 1. Lithospermum arundinaceum, C. B. P. Coix Iiachiyma- 
Jobi L. 



PAKS III. SECT. VIII 121 

Caput XXX. Amndo florida sen Canna Indica. 

P. 250, 1. Arundo Indica latifolia, C. B. P. No specimen. Canna 
indica L. 

6. Canna Indica angustifolia floie luteo. No specimen. Cited 

Sp. PL 1 for C. angustifolia L. 

Caput XXXI. Zinziber & Zedoaria. 

No specimens. 

Caput XXXII. Cnrciuua. 

No specimens. 

Caput XXXIII. Cardamomum. 

No specimens. 

Caput XXXIV. Galanga. 

No specimens. 

Caput XXXV. Costus. 

No specimens. 

Caput XXXVI. Wardus. 

No specimens. 

Caput XXXVII. Plantago. 

P. 258, 2. Plantago latifolia vulgaris, Park. No specimen. Cited 
DC. Prod. xiii. 694 for Plantago major L. 

259. 6. P. latifolia incana, C. B. P. No specimen. Cited Hort. Cliff. 
38, and DC. Prod. xiii. 698 for P. media L. 

7. P. rosea flore expaaso, J. B. P. media L. var. 

8. P. media incana Virginiana serratis foliis, annua. No speci- 

men. Cited Sp. PI. 113 for P. virginica L. 

9. P. angustifolia major, C. B. P. No specimen. Cited Hort. 

CliflF. 38. P. lanceolata L. 

13. P. angustifolia capjtulis Lagopi, C. B. P. No specimen. 
Cited Sp. PI. 114 for P. Lagopus L. 

17. Plantaginella aurea alopecuroides Brasiliana foliis gramineis, 
Breyn. Cent. i. No specimen. Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 128 for 
Eriocaulon triangulare L. = Paepalanthus triangularis 
Koern. 

260, 19. Plantago pilosa laciniata Apula, Col. No specimen. Cited 
Sp. PI. ed. ii. 166 for Plantago serraria L. 
23. P. mollis sive Holosteum hirsutum albicans majus, C. B. P, 
Probably a form of P. Coronopus L., teste Bucknall and 
White. 



122 PLANTAEUM HISTOEIAE OXONIEKSIS 

28. Holosteum Masailiense, C. B. P. Plantago carinata 
Schrader, testihus Bucknall and White. 
261, 31. Coronopus hortensis, C. B. P. No specimen. Cited Hort. 
Cliff. 37 (wrong ref. to p. 193) Plantago Coronopus L. 

Caput XXXVIII. Psylliiun. 

P. 262, 1. Psyllium semper virens, Lob. No specimen. Cited Sp. PI. 
ed. ii. 168 for Flantago Cynops L. 
2. P. annuum majus foliis integris, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 

87. P. Psyllium L. 
4. P. foliis crenatis Indicum, C. B. P. et Prod. No specimen. 
Cited Sp. PL ed. ii. 168 for P. afra L. = P. PsyUiiim L. 

Plantae Spicatae foliis pennatis. 

Caput XXXIX. Pimpinella Sangnisorba. 

P. 263, 1. Pimpinella sanguifeorba minor hirsuta, C. B. P. Cited 
Hort. Cliff. 446. Poterium Sanguisorba L. 

8. P. . . . minor foliis elegantius laciniatis, Sohol. Bot. Par. 

? P. verruoosum Ehrenb. 

4. P. Tingitana minor semine rugosiore majore. P. verru- 

oosum Ehrenb. 

5. P. spinosa, Park. Cited Sp. PI. 994. P. spinosum L. 
284, 7. P. sanguisorba major, C. B. P. Sanguisorba officinalis L. = 

P. ofBcinale A. Gray. 

9. P. Agrimonoides, D. Moris. Praelud. Bot. Cited Sp. PI. 994. 

P. hybridum L. 
12. P. sanguisorba Canadensis major, spica longiore alba. Cited 
Sp. PI. 117. Sanguisorba canadensis L. = P. canadense 
A. Gray. 

Caput XL. 

P. 265, 1. Umbelliferis affinis capitulis globosis et villosis, nobis. 
Cited Hort. Cliff. 73. Lagoecia Cuminoides L. 

Sectio IX. De Umbelliferis. 

JDistributio Prima : De Plantis umbelliferis piliferis, seu 
substantia fungosa obductis. 

Caput I. Cachrys. 

P. 267, 1. Cachrys semine fungosa laevi, nobis. Cited Alton Hort. 
Kew. ii. 136. C. Morisonii AH. (C. laevigata Lam. 1. K.). 
2. C. seu Libanotis . . . nobis. Leaf only. C. laevigata DC, 
teste Dr. Stapf. 



PARS III. SECT. IX 123 

3. C. Peucedani folio semine sulcato aspero minore, nobis. On 

the plate it is labelled C. semine fungoso sulcato aspero 
minore, foliis Peucedani, nobis ; and in Sp. PI., 355 no. 2, 
Linnaeus refers it to C. sicula L. = Hippomarathi'um 
pterochlaenum Boiss. = H. cristatum Boiss. (I. K.). = H. 
siculum (L.) HofFm. & Link ; but the specimen, which is 
imperfect, is not this species. 

4. C. Sicula foliis Pastinacae latifolia . . . nobis. Leaf only ; 

doubtless Magydaris tomentosa Koch. 
268, 6. C. semine sulcato piano minore. No specimen. Cited Sp. 
PI. ed. ii. 355 for C. Libanotis L, = Hippomarathrum 
Iiifeanotis Koch. 

Caput II. Crithmnm (Semine Fungoso). 

P. 288, 1. Crithmum maritimum spinoBum, C. B. P. Echinophora 
spinosa L. 

Distrihutio Secunda : Semine rotundo sou testiculato. 

Caput III. Coriandnun. 

P. 269, 1. Coriandrum majus, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 100. 
Coriandrum satiirum L. 
2. C. sylvestre foetidissimum . . . C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 
100. C. testiculatum L. = Bifora testiculata Roth. 

Distrihutio Tertia : Semine striato majore vel minore : foliis 
vel foeniculaceis, lobatis, plurifariam divisis, vel integris. 

Caput IV. FoeuicalTuu. 

P. 270, 1. Foeniculum vulgare Germanicum, C. B. P. Cited Hort. 
Cliff. 106. Anethum Foeniculum L. = F. vulgare Mill. 
2. P. dulce Azoricum ampla umbella. P. dulce DC, teste 
Dr. Stapf. 

Caput V. ISeiuu sen Men. 

P. 270. Meum vulgare tenuifolium, Clus. Hist. Cited Hort. Cliff. 93. 
Athamanta Meum L. = Meum athamanticum Jacq. 

Caput VI. Cxuninnin. 

P. 271, 1. Cuminum sive Cyminum sativum, J. B. Cuminum 
Cyminum L. 
8. C. perenne majus Carmaniae. C. Cyminum L. 

Caput VII. Saxifiraga. 

P. 272, 1. Saxifraga montana minor Italica . . . nobis. Cited Hort. 
Cliff. 102. Seseli montanum L. 



124 PLANTARUM HISTOEIAE OXONIENSIS 

273, 3. S. inontana minor glauca et rigidior, nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 
260 for Seseligl aucum L. = S. montanum L. (I. K.). The 
bad specimen looks more like S. annuum L. 
4. S. montana minor multifido folio Pannonica, nobis. Cited 
Hort. Cliff. 103. S. annuum L. 

6. S. parva annua acris Millefolii. ... No specimen. Cited 

Sp. PI. ed. ii. 373 for Seseli Ammoides L. = Carum 
Ammoides B. & H. (I. K.). 

7. S. montana minor tenuissimis et longissimis foliis, nobis. 

Probably Seseli montanum L. 

11. S. montana minor Foeniculum tortuosum dicta, J. B. Cited 

Hort. Cliff. 99. S. tortuosum L. 

12. S. montana minor Pyrenaica foliis Citri odore luoidis . . . 

Schol. Bot. Par. Daucus Carota L. forma tenuiseota. 

Another sheet is Dethawia tenuifolia Endl., teste Dr. 
Stapf. 
274, 15. S. montana minor foliis Peucedani, nobis. Trinia vulgaris 
DC. = Apinella glauoa Caruel. 

Caput VIII. Bnlbocastaniuu. 

P. 274, 1. Bulbocastanum majus foliis Apii, C. B. P. Cited Hort. 
Cliff. 91. Bunium Bulbocastanum L. = Carum Bulbo- 
castanum Koch. 

2. B. minus, C. B. P. Bunium flexuosum With. = Conopodium 

majus (Gouan) Loret. 

Caput IX. Gingidimu sive Visnaga. 

P. 275. Gingidium umbella oblonga, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 
89. Daucus Visnaga L. = Ammi Visnaga Lam. 

Caput X. Levistictuu. 

P. 275. Levisticum vulgare. Leaf only. Cited Sp. PI. 250. Ligu- 
sticum Levisticum L. = Levisticum officinale Koch (I. K.) 
= Ii. paludapifolium Aschers. 

Caput XI. Siler moutauTuu. 

P. 276, 1. Siler montanum, Trag. Leaf only. Cited Sp. PL 249. 
Ijaserpitium Siler L. 

3. S. montanum Aquilegiae foliis, nobis. Siler trilobum 

Crantz. 

4. S. montanum Hipposelini foliis humiliua, nobis. The speci- 

men is also labelled, S. maritimum Scoticum Imperatoriae 
facie Br. Pr. 2, p. 92. Imperatoriae affinis umhelUfem marit. 
scotica. Sutherl. Leaf only ; probably Iiigusticum scoti- 
cum L. 



PARS III. SECT. IX 125 

Caput XII. Smymiiim seu Eipposelinnm. 

P. 277, 1. Hippoaelinum sive Smyrniura vulgare, Palk. Cited Hort. 
Cliff. 105. Smymium Olusatriua L. 
2. SmyrniuHi Creticum perfoliatum, J. B. 125. S. perfolia- 
tum L. 

Also a sheet labelled S. specfosum perfoliatum serration 
Angelicae foliis, H. Cathol. S. rotundifolium Mill. 

Caput XIII. Xmperatoria. 

P. 278, 1. Imperatoria seu Astrantia vulgaris. Park. Cited Hort. 
Cliff. 103. Imperatoria Ostruthium L. = Peucedanum 
Ostruthium Koch. 

Caput XIV. Astrantia. 

P. 279, 1. Astrantia nigra major, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 88. 

Astrantia major L. 
2. A. nigra minor, nobis. A. minor L. 
4. A. Africana Laserpitii . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 772. 

Adonis capensis L. ; and in Bot. Mag. t. 775. Knowltonia 

vesicatoria Sims = K. capensis (L.). 

Caput XV. Angelica. 

P. 280, 1. Angelica sativa, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 97. Angelica 
arcEangelica L. = Archangelica officinalis Hoffm. 
2. A. sylvestris major, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 97. Angelica 
sylvestris L. 
281, 5. A. Sylvestris montana, C. B. P. Archangelica offloinalia 
Hoffm. 

8. A. lucida Canadensis, Cornuti. Cited Sp. PI. 251. Angelica 

lucida L. 

9. A. Virginiana foliis acutioribus . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PL 256. 

Cicuta maculata L. 

10. A. sylvestris Alpina Podagrariae folio, Schol. Bot. Par. 

Peucedanum Cervaria Cusson. ; agreed to by Bucknall 
and White. 

11. A. Sylvestris repens, J. B. Cited Hort. Cliff. 107. Aego- 

podium Podagraria L. 
13. A. humilior et minor flore luteo, nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 263. 
Smymium aureum L. = Thaspium aureum Nutt. 

Caput XVI. Sium, Sison, & Sisamiu. 

P. 282, 1. Slum majus latifolium, Ger. Cited Hort. Cliff. 98. Sium 
latifolium L. ; also a form with narrower leaflets. 



126 PLAKTAEUM HISTOEIAE OXONIENSIS 

283, 2. S. erectura humilius et ramosius foliis profundius serratis, 
nobis. S. ereetum Huds. 

3. S. aqualicum procumbens ad alas floridum, nobis. Cited Sp. 

PI. 251. S. nodiflorum L. = Apium nodiflorum Reichb. f. 

4. S. aquaticum foliis multifidis longis serratis, nobis. Cited 

Hort. Cliff. 160. Ciouta virosa L. 

5. S. minimum foliis imis ferulaceis, nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 253. 

Siflon inundatum L. = Apium inundatum Eeichb. f. 

6. S. terrestre umbellis rarioribus, nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 252. 

Sison segetum L. = Carum segetum Benth. 

7. Sison l,iaav, Diosc. Cited Hort. Cliff. 9S. Sison Amoi 

mum L. 

8. Sisarum, Ger. Cited Hort. Cliff. 98. Slum Sisarmu L. 

Caput XVII, Fimpinella Saxifraga. 

P. 284, 1. Pimpinella saxifraga major umbella Candida, C. B. P. 
Pimpinella major Huds. 

Also a sheet labelled foliis longis diasectis. P. major 
Huds. var. dissecta Druee. 

8. P. . . . major degener, seu foliis longis dissectis. P. major 

Huds. var. dissecta Druce ; confirmed by Dr. Stapf. 
285, 5. P. . . . maxima Afrioana. Peucedanum Cervaria Cuss. ; 
confirmed by Bucknall and White. 

6. P. . . . vulgaris Pimpinellae minoris folio, nobis. Cited (fig. 

1. 6. 7) Hort. Cliff. 106. Pimpinella Saxifraga L. var. 
poteriifolia Wallr. 

7. P. . . . minor foliis dissectis, nobis. P. Saxifraga L. var. 

dissecta With. 

9. P. . . . annua Galloprovinclalis, Schol. Bot. Par. A scrap ; 

'cf. Ptychotis heterophylla Koch,' Dr. Stapf. 
10. P. . . . minor daucoides . . . nobis. Seseli Ijibanotis Koch. 

Caput XVIII. Seseli. 

P. 286, 1. Seseli montanum Cicutae folio glabrum, C. B. P. Leaf 

only ; probably Pleurospermum austriacum Hoffm. 
287, 7. S. montanum tenuiore folio, nobis. Seseli tortuosum L., 
testibus W. B. Turrill and Dr. Stapf. 
10. S. pratense nostras. Park. Silaus flavescens Bernh. 

Annotationes. A specimen labelled Seseli massiliense Foeniculi 
folio, quod Dioscoridis censetur, C. B. P. 161. Foeniculvm 
tortuosum Lugd., is probably Seseli tortuosum L. 

Caput XIX. Oeuanthe. 

P. 288, 1. Oenanthe maxima Virginiana Paeoniae faeminae foliis. 
Cited Alton Hort. Kew. ii. 145. Slum rigidius L. = 
Peucedanum tematum Nutt. 



PAES in. SECT. IX 127 

2. 0. maxima succo viroso, Cicutae facie Lob. 'In salicetis 

circa Windsoriam, Bathoniam,' &c. Cited Hori. Cliff. 99. 
Oenanthe crooata L. 

3. 0. Apii folio minor, caule firmiore, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 

99. Oenanthe pimijinelloidesL. The specimen is O. cro- 
cata L. 
289, 5. 0. prolifera Apula, C. B. P. No specimen. Cited Sp. PI. 254 
for O. prolifera L. 

6. 0. aquaticaPimpineilaeSaxifragiadivisura, D.Pluk. O.fistu- 

losa L. 

7. 0. angustifolia aquatica recta vulgaris, nobis. O. silaifolia 

Bieb. 

8. 0. aquatica triflora caulibus fistulosis, nobis. No specimen, 

Cited Hort. CUff. 99. O. fiBtulosa L. 

Caput XX. Crithmniu mariu-am. 

P. 289, 1. Crithmum multis sive roeniculum marinum, J. B. 194. 
Cited Hort. Cliff. 94. Crithmum maritimum L. 

Caput XXI. Cicnta. 

P. 290, 1. Cicuta major vulgaris, Clus. Cited Hort. Cliff. 92. Coniiun 
m.aculatum L. 
2. C. minor Petroselino similis, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 100. 
Aethusa Cynapium L. 

291, 5. Cicutaria latifolia foetidissima, Lob. Cited Hort. Cliff. 97. 

Ligusticum peloponnesiacum L. and Scopoli = Molopo- 
spermum cicutarium DC. = M. pelopoxmesiacuxa (L.). 
Koch. 
7. Cicutaria palustris tenuifolia, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 100. 
Phellandrium aquaticum L., and this is what is represented 
in fig. 7 ; but the specimen is Oenanthe fluviatilis 
Colem., and the specimen in Bobart's Hort. Sic. is the 
earliest known British example. 

Caput XXII. Apituu. 

292, 1. Apium hortense maximum, C. B. P. Carum Petroselinum 

Benth. & Hook. 

2. A. hortense vulgare Petroselinum vulgo, C. B. P. Cited 

Hort. Cliff. 107. Apium Petroselinum a = C. Petroseli- 
num Benth. & Hook. 

3. A. vel Petroselinum crispum, C. B. P. C. Petroselinum 

var. erispum. 

4. A. hortense degener foliis longis et angustis. C. Petroseli- 

num var. 

293, 7. A. montanum Germanicum flore luteo, nobis. Two speci- 

mens; the upper, Iiihauotis montana Cr., teste W. B. 



128 PLANTAEUM HISTOEIAE OXONIENSIS 

Turrill; the lower, Cnidium apioides Sprengel, teste 
Dr. Stapf. 

8. A. palustre seu officinarum, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 107. 

Apium graveolens L. 
Also a sheet of the cultivated form A. dulce Mill. 

12. A. Macedonicum, C. B. P. Leaf only. Cited Hort. Cliff. 95. 

Bubon macedonicum L. = Athamanta macedonica 
Spreng. 

13. A. peregrinum foliia eubrotundis, C. B. P. Pimpinella pere- 

grina L. 

Caput XXIII. Ammi. 

P. 294, 1. Ammi perenne repens . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 252. Sium 
Palcaria L. = Falcaria vulgaris Bernh. = Prionitis Pal- 
caria Dum. 
295, 2. A. petraeum glaucifolium perenne, nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 243. 
Ammi glaucifolium L. = A. majus L. (I. K.). 

4. A. vulgare majus latioribus foliis . . . J. B. No specimen. 

Cited Hort. Cliff. 89. A form with broad leaf-segments of 
A. majus L. 

5. A. majus angustiore folio, Schol. Bot. Par. A. majus L. 

7. A. parvum foliis Faeniculi, C.B.P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 89, 
Sison Ammi L. Sp. PI. (queried as Apium leptophylhim 
P. Muell. in Ind. Kew.). The plant is Ptychotis ammoides 
Koch = Carum amm.oldes B. & H. 

9. A. luteum minus foliis Anethi, nobis. Ammi majus L., the 

two lower umbels, teste Dr. Stapf ; the upper specimen is 
Ptychotis coptioa DC, teste 3. R. Drummond. 

Caput XXIV. Pyrethrtun nmbellifer'aiii. 

P. 296, 1. Pyrethrum umbelliferum latiore folio, nobis. Cnidium 
apioides Sprengel, teste Dr. Stapf. 

Caput XXV. Carum. 

P. 296, 1. Carum Diosc. Cited Hort. Cliff. 106. Carum Carvi L. 
297, 2. C. Alpinum perenne Peucedani foliis, Schol. Bot. Pai-. 
Peucedanum Schottii Bess., testibus W. B. Turrill and 
Dr. Stapf. 

Caput XXVI. Auisnm. 

P. 267, 1. Anisum vulgatius minus annuum, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 
107. Pimpinella Anisum L. 
3. A. fruticosum Africanum Galbaniferum, nobis. Cited Hort. 
Cliff. 94. Bubon Galbanum L. = Peucedanum Galba- 
num Benth. & Hook. 



PARS III. SECT. IX 129 



Caput XXVII. Seseli Aethiopicnm. 

P. 298. Seseli Aethiopicum frutex, Dod. Cited Hort. Cliff. 104. 
Bupleurum frutioosum L. 

Caput XXVIII. Perfoliata. 

P. 299, 1. Perfoliata vulgaris, Ger. Cited Hort. Cliff. 104. B. ro- 
tundifolium L. 
2. P. annua longioribus Mils, J. B. B. protractum Hoffmg. 

& Link. 
4. P. Alpina magna longifolia, J. B. 199. B. angulosum L. 
6. P. Alpina angustifolia minor, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 104. 
B. ranunculoides L. 
300, 8. P. Alpina angustifolia minima, C. B. P. B. ranuncu- 
loides L. 

Caput XXIX. Bnpleamm. 

P. 300, 1. B. perenne longis et angustis foliis incurvis, nobis. B. fal- 
catum L. 

2. B. perenne latifolium. Park. B. folio rigido C. B. P. 278. 

B. rigidum L. 

3. B. annuum longis et angustioribua foliis, nobis. B. jun- 

oeum L. 

4. B. annuum minimum, Col. Cited Sp. PI. 238. B. tenuis- 

simum L. 

Bistributio Quarta : Seminibus longioribus rostratis. 
Caput XXX, Myrrhis. 

P. 301, 1. Myrrbis magno semine longo suloato, J. B. Cited Hort. 

Cliff. 101. Scandix odorata L. = Myrrhis odorata Scop. 
4. M. Canadensis trilobata. Cited Sp. PI. 252. Sison cana- 

dense L. = Cryptotaenia canadensis DC. 
302, 5. M. Sicula elatior tenuioribus foliis, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 

93. Athamanta sicula L. 

6. M. lutea dauooides, D. Moris. Praelud. Bot. Chaerophyllum 

sp. (not aureum) teste Dr. Stapf. 

7. M. annua vulgaris caule fusco, .nobis. Cited Sp. PI, 258. 

Chaerophyllum temulum L. 

8. M. annua tuberosa, nodosa . . . nobis. No specimen. Cited 

Hort. Cliff. 102. C. bulbosum L. 

9. M. tenuifolia annua Cretica . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 245. 

Athamanta annua L. = A. cretensls L. 



130 PLANTAEUM HISTOEIAE OXONIENSIS 

Caput XXXI. Cerefolinm. 

P. 303, 1. Cerefolium sativum, Trag. Cited Sort. Cliff. 101. Scandix 
Cerefolium L. = Anthriscus Cerefolium Hoffm. 

2. C. sylvestre annuum seminibus brevioribus villosis, nobis. 

Cited Hoit. Cliff. 101. Scandix Anthriscus L. = A. Scan- 
dix Kerner. 

3. C. Virginianum procumbens Fumariae foliis. Cited Sp. PI. 

258. Scandix procumbens L. = Chaeropliylluin pro- 
cumbens Crantz. 

4. C. annuum nodosum semine aspero majore, nobis. Cited 

Sp. PI. 257. Scandix nodosa L. = C. nodosum Crantz. 

5. C. sylvestre perenne seminibus laevibus nigris, nobis. Cited 

Hort. Cliff. 101. C. sylvestre L. 
304, 6. C. latifolium hirsutum album et rubrum, nobis. Cited Sp. 
PI. 258. C. hirsutum L. 

Caput XXXII. Scandix. 

P. 304, 1. Scandix vulgaris semine rostrato, C. B. P. No specimen. 
Cited Hort. Cliff. 101. Scandix Pecten-Veneris L. 

3. Pecten Veneris folio tenuiore et paucioribus rostris, J. B. 

Scandix plnnatifida Vent., teste Bucknall and White. 

4. S. Cretica minor, C. B. P. et Prod. Probably S. australis L. 

Distributio Quinta : Semine villoso seu hispido. 

Caput XXXIII. Fastiuaca tennifolia, Sancns seu 
Carota. 

P. 305, 1. Pastinaca tenuifolia sativa, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 89. 
Baucus Carota L. var sativus. 

2. P sylvestris Diosooridis . . . C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 89. 

D. Carota L. 

3. P. . . . Sicula hirsuta crispa, Bocc. Tab. 14. Specimen 

fragmentary and immature. Dauous Carota L., teste 
Dr. Stapf. 

4. P. . . . radiis umbellae Gingidii longioribus, Morisoni. Dau- 

cus Gingidium L. 
306, 7. P. tenuifolia maritima, foliis obscure virentibus . . . D. 
Magnol. Probably D. gummifer All. 

A specimen, not mentioned in the Histofia, labelled 
Daticus montanus Apii folio et odore = D. folio Pastiiiacae 
Sicilianae Zan. 783. Pimpinella villosa Schousb., teste 
Dr. Stapf. 



PARS III. SECT. IX 131 

Distributio Sexta : Semine echinato seu aculeate, 
Caput XXXIV. Caucalis. 

P. 307, 1. Caucalis lato Apii folio, C.B.P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 91. 

Tordylium latifolium L. = Caucalis latifolia L. 
308, 2. C. Monspeliaca eohinata magno fructu, C. B. P. Orlaya 

maritima Koch = Caucus pumilus Ball. 

3. C. arvensis eohinata magno fiore, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 

91. G. grandiflora L. = D. grandiflorus Scop. 

4. C. major dauooides Tingitana, C. B. Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 

349. D. murieatus L. 

5. C. procerior Chalepensis ... No specimen. Cited Aiton 

Hort. Kew. ii. 126. Caucalis orientalis L. = D. pulcherrimus 
Koch = D. orientalis (L.). 

6. C. arvensis echinata parvo flore, C. B. Phyt. Caucalis dau- 

coides L. 

8. C. minor flore rubente, Park, ex India Oriental. Cited Sp. 

PL 240. Tordylium Anthriscus L. = C. Anthriscus Huds. 

9. C. arvensis humilior et ramosior, nobis. C. arvensis Huds. 
10. C. nodosa echinato semine, C.B.P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 91. 

Tordylium nodosum L. = Caucalis nodosa Scop. 

Distributio Septima : Semine follaceo seu membranaceo, 
compresso, subrotundo. 

Caput XXXV. Ferula. 

P. 309, 1. Ferula latiore folio, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. 247 for Ferula 
Ferulago L. ; the specimen is F. glauca L., teste Dr. Stapf. 

2. F. Tingitana lucida foliis laserpitii. Cited Hort. Cliff. 95 

and Bot. Mag. t. 7267. Ferula tingitana L., confirmed 
by Dr. Std,pf. 

3. F. tenuiore folio seu Foemina Plinii, C. B. P. Cited Hort. 

Cliff. 95. Ferula communis L., confirmed by Bucknall 
and White. 

4. F. tenuiore folio humilior et tenuior, nobis. Athamanta 

Matthioli Wulf , testibus Bucknall and White. 

Caput XXXVI. Idbanotis & Panax Asclepiiuu. 

P. 310, 1. Libanotis Ferulae folio et semine, C. B. P. Leaf only. 
Ferula galbanifera Koch, teste Dr. Stapf. 

5. Panax Asclepium umbella lutea, C. B. P. Fragmentary 

specimen— 'leaves like those of Silaus virescens Boiss ', 
teste Dr. Stapf (S. carvifolius C. A. Mey, 1. K.). 
K 2 



132 PLANTAEUM HISTOEIAE OXONIENSIS 

Caput XXXVII. Anethnm. 

P. 311, 1. Anethum hortense, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 106. Ane- 
thum graveolens L. = Peucedanum graveolens Benth. & 
Hook. 

But Buoknall and White find the section of fruit to 
show that it is not an Anethum. It may be Ridolphia 
segetum Moris = Carum Kidolphia Benth. & Hook. 
2. A. sylvestre minus, C. B. Prod. Probably Peuoedaniim 
graveolens Benth. & Hook. 

Another sheet Bucknall and White think is not an 
Anethum. A sheet ia inserted here labelled Seseli Cornu- 
biensis multifido folio semine nigra, from D. Stevens. Physo- 
spermum commutatum Spreng. = Danaa comubienBls 
Burn at. 

Caput XXXVIII. Fencedaunm. 

P. 312, 1. Peucedanum majus Italicum, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 93. 
Peucedanum officinale L. var. /3 = P. officinale L. 

2. P. majus brevioribus foliis Germanicum, nobis. Cited Hort. 

Cliff. 93. P. officinale L. 

3. P. Gallicum rarioribus et brevioribus foliis, Schol. Bot. Paris. 

Leaves only. P. officinale L. 

Caput XXXIX. Sphoudylixun. 

P. 313, 1. Sphondylium vulgare hirsutum, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 
103. Heracleum Sphondylium L. 

3. S. humilius latioribus foliis . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 103. 

H. Panacea L. 

4. S. Alpinum glabrum, C. B. P. et Prod. H. alpinum L. 

5. S. hirsutum foliis angustioribus, C. B. P. ' In pratis Corn- 

buriensibus Agri Oxoniensis. Semen satum et hoc et 
vulgare, aliasque medias varietates produxit.' H. Sphondy- 
lium L. var. angustifolium Huds. 

Caput XL. Pastinaca latifolia. 

P. 314, 1. Pastinaca sativa latifolia, C. B. P. Peucedanum sativum 
Benth. & Hook. var. 
2. P. latifolia sylvestris, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 105. Pasti- 
naca sativa L. = Peucedanum sativum Benth. & Hook. 

Caput XLI. Panax Heracleiun. 

P. 315, 1. Panax Heracleum, Ger. Cited (Panax peregrinum) Sp. 
PI. 249 for Laserpitium Chironium L. = Opopanax 
Chironium Koch ; and Sp. PI. 262 (f. 2, Panax costinum) 
for Pastinaca Opopanax L. = Opopanax hispidutn Griseb. 



PARS III. SECT. IX 133 

Caput XLII. Tordylium. 

P. 316, 1. Tordylium vulgatius semine piano . . . nobis. Discovered by 
Bobart ' In agro Oxoniensi in aggeribus fossarum ', but now 
extinct in Oxfordshire. Tordylium maximum L. 

2. T. Helveticum elatius flore albo. T. maximum L. 

3. T. majus foliia aoutioribus viridibus, nobis. No specimen. 

Cited Hort. Cliflf. 90. T. maximum L. 

5. T. erectum birsutius . . . nobis. Cited Hort. CliiF. 90. T. oflQl- 

cinale L. 

6. T. minimum Apulum, Col. No specimen. Cited Hort. CliiF. 

90. T. apulum L. 

317, 7. T. Syriacum humilius . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 239. T. syria- 

oum. L. 

Caput XLIII. Oreoselintuu, &c. 

P. 317, 1. Oreoselinum majus, Clus. Cited Hort. Cliff. 92. Atha- 
manta Oreoselinum L. = Peucedanum Oreoselinum 

Moench. 

2. Thysselinum Plinii, Dod. Lob. Fragment. Cited Sp. PI. 244. 

Selinum sylvestre L 

3. Seseli palustre lactesoens, C. B. P. et Prod. Fragment ; 

probably Peucedanum palustre Moench. 
5. Caucus Alsaticus, C. B. Prod. Cited Hort Cliff. 92. Peuce- 
danum alsatioum L. 

318, 6. Libanotis nigra Theophrasti, Ger. Leaf only. Cited Hort. 

Cliff. 92. Athamanta Cervaria L. = Peucedanum Cer- 
varia Cusson. 

Bistributio Odava : Semine ala foliacea cincto. 

Caput XLIV. Thapsia. 

P. 318, 1. Thapsia maxima latissimo folio, C. B.P. Leaf only ; per- 
haps Thapsia villosa L. 
3. T. quorundam hirsuta . . . J. B. No specimen. Cited Hort 
Cliff. 105. Thapsia villosa L. 

7. T. tenuifolia Carotae eflBgie, C.B.P. Cited Sp. PI. 261 and 

Ait. Hort. Kew. ii. 136. Thapsia foetida L. = Elaeose- 
linum foetidum Boiss. 
9. T. tenuifolia petiolis foliorum radiatis, nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 
262. Thapsia Asclepium L. = Blaeoselinum Asclepium 
Bertol. 

11. T. ferulacea seminis margine inciso, nobis. No specimen. 
Cited Hort. Cliff'. 89. Artedia squamata L. 



134 PLANTAEUM HISTORIAE OXONIENSIS 

Distributio Nona : Semine alis foliaceis cincto. 

Caput XLV. Laserpitimu. 

P. 320, 1. Laserpitium foliis latioribus, aemine crispo et verrucoso 
majus, nobis. LaseiTpitium latifolium L. 
2. L. latifolium semine crispo, foliis minus rotundis, nobis. 
L. latifolium L. ? 

321, 3. L. latifolium semine crispo, alis foliorumrotundioribuB, nobis. 
Fragment ; perhaps L. alpinum W. & K. 

4. L. latifolium minus semine crispo, nobis. Probably L. Gau- 
dinii Moretti (L. marginatum W. & K., I. K.). 

6. L. latifolium vulgatius seminis albis planis, nobis. Leaf 
only. Cited Hort. Cliff. 96. L. latifolium L. 

8. L. foliis Angelicae, semine piano, nobis. Leaf only. Also 

a sheet L. Alpini nomine accepta. Probably Peucedanum 
verticillare Sprengel ; confirmed by Bucknall and White. 

9. L. angustifolium majus segmentis longioribus et indivisis, 

nobis. Cited Sp. PL 248. L. angustiifolium L. = Ii. galli- 
cum L. (L K.). 

The specimen, consisting only of a portion of a leaf, 
appears to be more likely L. Siler L. 

14. L. foliis conjugatim positis trifidis lucentibus, nobis. L. 

Siler L. 

15. L. daucoides Prutenicum viscoso semine, Breynei. The 

name suggests L. prutenicum L., but the plant is glabrous, 
probably L. gallieum L. 

The following specimen is not mentioned in the 
Historia : — Laserpitium latifol. Cornubiense D. Lhuyd. 
Found by Mr. Winn in the sea-cliffs in the Parish of Morva 
neer Pensans in Cornwall, 1700. Only a portion of leaf, 
presumably of a maritime form of Angelica sylvestris L. 

Plantae Umbellifeeae impeopeie dictae. 

Caput XLVI. Filipendnla. 
P. 322. Filipendula vulgaris, C. B.P. Spiraea Filipendula L. 

Caput XL VII. TTlmaria seu Barba caprae. 

P. 323, 1. Ulmaria vulgaris. Park. S. Ulmaria L. 

2. U. major sive altera, Park. Cited Hort. Cliff. 463. S.Arun- 

cus L. 

3. U. Virginiana trifolia floribus candidis . . . Gillenia tri- 

foliata Moench. 



PAES III. SECT. IX 135 

4. U. pentacarpos integris serratia foliia . . . Virginiana, D. Pluk. 
No specimen. Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 701 for Spiraea tomen- 
tosa L. 

Caput XL VIII. Thalictrnm. 

P. 324, 1. Thalictrum majus vulgare, Park. Cited Hort. Cliff. 226. 
Thallctrum flavum L. 

DC. Syat. i. 184, n. 37 quotes this for his T. glaucum. 
2. T. pratense elatiua longioribua magis atria foliia . . . Clua. 
Leavea only. Cited DC. Syst. i. 182. T. nigricans Jacq. 
4. T. majus flavum staminulis luteis vel glauco folio, C. B. P. 

T. flavum var. ^, speoiosum L. = T. glauoum Deaf. 
6. T. Virginianum elatius glaucum florum staminulis purpu- 
rascentibus. No specimen. Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 769 
for T. purptirasoens L. (under T. minus L., I. K.). 
325, 7. T. medium Rutae sylvestris minoria foliia, nobis. Probably 
T. luciduin L. 
8. T. pratenae angustisaimo folio, C. B. P. et Prod. Cited DC. 
Syat. 180. T. galioides Pera. 
10. T. montanum minus ... T. flexuosuni Bernh. 

12. T. minus, C. B. P. Cited DC. Syst. 178. T. minus L. agg. 

13. T. minus foetidisaimum, C. B. P. et Prod. Cited Sp. PI. 54.5, 

T. foetidum L. 

14. T. montanum minimum praecox . . . Cited Sp. PI. 545. 

T. alpinum L. 

Also a sheet labelled T. minimum montanum atroruhenn 
foKis splendentihus, a very common plant at Snowdon, ex Dr. 
Richardson. Leaves of T. alpinum L, 

15. T. majus foliia Aquilegiae, flore albo, nobis. Cited Hort. 

Cliff. 226. T. aquilegifolium L. var. y. DC. Syst. i. 172 
citea it for T. corynellum DC, but see Britton and Br., Fl. 
North Amer., vrho use the name T. polygamum Muhl. 

16. T. majua florum staminulis purpurascentibus, C. B. P. Cited 

DC. 1. c. T. aquilegifolium L. 



Plantae Stellatae. 

Caput XLIX. BuMa lutea. 

326, 1. Rubia tinctorum sativa, C. B. P. Eubia tinctorum L. 

2. R. sylvestris aapera, C. B. P. On ye rocks about Bideford, 

Devon. R. peregrina L. 

3. R. aylvestria aapera Ravennensis, Zanoni. Leaves only. 

E,. tinctorum L. ? 



136 PLANTARUM HISTOEIAE OXONIENSIS 

Caput L. Gallitun. 
P. 327, 1. Gallium luteum, C. B. P. Galium verum L. 

Caput LI. Cruciata. 

P. 328, 1. Cruciata hirsuta, C. B. P. Galium Cruoiata Scop. 

2. C. nova Romana muralis minima, Col. Cites Sp. PI. 1051. 
Valantla muralis L. 

Caput LII. Bubia alba. 

P. 329, 1. R. latifolia vel quadrifolia laevis, C. B. P. Asperula 
taurina L. 

4. R. quadrifolia semine dupliei hispido, J. B. Cited Sp. PI. 

ed. ii. 157, Galium rotundifolium L var. |3, and in Alton 
Hort. Kew. i. 235. Asperula laevigata L. 

5. R. semine dupliei hispido, latis et hirsutis foliis, Boeconi. 

No specimen. Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 156 for Galium rotundi- 
folium L. 

6. R. arborescens Cretica, Proap. Alp. Exot. 1, 10. G. arista- 

tujn L. 

On the same sheet is a specimen Rubia altissima nemo- 
rum D. Shei: Or. elatum Thuill., testibus Bucknall and 
White. 

329, 7. R. erecta quadrifolia, J. B. Two sheets. Dr. Richardson's 

specimen has a note : This I met with in great plenty in 
fower about the end of June 1713 a little above Kirby Lons- 
dale bridge, Westmoreland ... G. boreale L. 

330, 9. R. Cynanchica, C. B. P. Asperula cynanchioa L. 

Caput LIII. MoUugo. 

P. 330, 1. MoUugo vulgatior. Park. Galium MoUugo L. 

2. M. montana latifolia erectior, nobis. G. MoUugo L. 

331, 6. M. minor palustris, nobis. G. palustre L. 

7. M. montana minor Gallio albo similis, Raii. G. heroynieum 

Weig. 

8. M. pumila Alfinis mollioris folio. Ex Hort. Paris. D. Sher. 

Cited with a ? Sp. PI. ed. ii. 1667, and in Ait. Hort. Kew. 
i. 239. Galium laevigatum L. ; but the specimen [testibus 
Bucknall and White) is not that species, and Dr. Stapf and 
W. B. Turrill suggest G. saxatile L. 

Caput LIV. Asperula & Aparine. 

P. 331, 1. Aparine vulgaris, C. B. P. G. Aparine L. 

332, 3. A. foliis brevioribus et semine leviore. G. trioome Stokes. 



PAES III. SECT. IX-X 137 

Caput LV. Floribus pturpiirocaerTileis. 

P. 332, 1. Rubeola arvensis repens caerulea, 0. B. P. et Prod. She- 
rardia arvensis L. 

2. Aaperula caenilea arvensis, C. B. P. Asperula arvensis L., 

also 'flore albo '. 

3. Gallium rubrum, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. 107. Galium 

rubrum L. 
333,4. RubiaquadrifolialaevisCretica. .. D. Pluk. G. parisiense L., 
testibus Bucknall and White. 

Caput LVI. Pseudo-mbia. 

P. 333, 1. Pseudo-rubia procumbens maritima, nobis. Cruoianella 
maritima L. 

2. P. latifolia spicata, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliif. 33. C. lati- 

folia L. 

3. P. spicata angustifolia, nobis. Imperfect specimen. C. lati- 

folia L. 



Sectio X. Plantae Tkicoccae Purgatrices. 

Caput I. Titbyuialus capsnla semiuali laevi, pereunis. 

P. 335, 1. Tithymalus characias sive sylvaticus toto anno folia reti- 
nens, J. B. Foliis elegantervariegatis. Euphorbia Amyg- 
daloides L. 

3. T. sylvaticus lunato flore, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. 463. Eu- 

phorbia sylvatica L. = E. Amygdaloides L. 

4. T. characias rubens peregrinus, C. B. P. E. Characias L. 

6. T. characias folio serrato, C. B. P. No specimen. Cited 
Hort. Cliff. 200. Euphorbia serrata L. 

336, 11. T. arboreus sive dendroides ex codice Caesareo, Dod. Frag- 
ment. E. dendroides L. 

15, T. arborescens Americanus . . . succo maxime venenoso, D. 
Pluk. Pot/son tree as big as an Elm. The wood spungy and 
lihe a Cork and is used as such by the fishermen for their nets. 
The young shoots are very milkie ; and tis believed a rank 
Poison as any is. The President by mistake, instead of Fig 
tree milk, had some put on a wart on the back of his hand, 
but he like to have lost his Arine by it. A young man, for a 
jest sewed one of the leaves in his Friends breeches, but it 
killed him, and he held up his hand at the bar for it. Bears 
a little sort of plum. Barbadoes. 

Leaf only. Hippomane biglandulosa L. = Sapium aucu- 
parium Jacq. = S, biglandulosum Muell. Arg. 



138 PLANTAEUM HISTOEIAK OXONIENSIS 

16. T. Curassavicus Salicis et Atriplicis foliis . . . Par. Bot. Prod. 
Cultivated at Hampton Court. Cited Sp. PI. 453, Eu- 
phorbia heterophylla L. 

337, 18. T. ramosiasimus frutescens pens aphyllos, Par. Bat. Prod. 

Cited Hort. Cliflf. 197. E. Tiruoalli L. 

19. T. Surinamensis arborescens . . . Breyn. Prod. 2. Cited Hort. 

Cliff. 198. E. ootinifolia L. 

20. T. Curassavicus myrtifolius . . . Par. Bat. Prod. Cited Ait. 

Hort. Kew. iii. 160. E. Tithymaloides L. var. padifolia 
Ait. = Pedilanthus padifolius Poit. 

21. T. myrsinites latifolius, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 199. 

E. Myrsinites L. 

24. T. maritimus, C. B. P. E. Faraliaa L. 

25. T. maritimua Juniperifoliis, Boocon. Cited Sp. PI. ed, ii. 

656. E. PithyuBa L. 
27. T. foliis Pini forte Dioac. Cited Hort. Cliflf. 199. E. Cy- 
parissias L. 

I consider the specimen to be a form of E. Eaula L. ; 
a barren stem on another sheet may be E. Cyparissias L. 

338, 29. T. cyparissias, C. B. P. E. Cyparissias L. 

30. T. foliis inferioribus capillaceis, superioribus Myrto similibus, . 
nobis. Cited Sp. PL 458. E. aleppica L. 

Caput II. Titbymali capsnla seminali laevi, anuni. 

P. 338, 1. T. major annuus glaucifolius, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 
198. E. Lathyris L. 

2. T. annuus Linariae folio obtusiore, lunato flora, nobis. 

Cited Hort. Cliflf. 198. E. Lathyris L. 
The specimen is E. segetalis L. 

3. T. annuus lunato flore, Linariae folio longiore, nobis. Cited 

Sp. PL 458 for E. segetalis L. ; the specimen appears to be 
a form of E. Estila L. 

4. T. annuus Lini folio acuto, Magnol. No specimen. Cited 

Sp. PL 657, n. 45 for E. segetalis L. 

5. T. sive Esula exigna, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliflf. 199. 

E. exigua L. 

6. T. exiguus saxatilis, C. B. P. Probably also E. exigua L. 

7. T. sive Esula exigua Chalepensis. . . . From Aleppo. An 

interesting specimen, hitherto unidentified, of E. Szovit- 
sii Pisoh. & Mey. 
9. T. helioscopius, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliflf. 198. E. helio- 

soopia L. 
10. T. Chalepensis folio ex ovali mucronato. No fruit, hitherto 
unidentified. E. cybirensis Boiss. 



PARS III. SECT. X 139 

11. T. annuus erectus rotundifolius non crenatus, nobis. Cited 
Hort. Cliff. 199. E. Peplus L. 
340,15. T. Indicus annuus dulcis, cauliculis viridantibus, Par. Bat. 
Prod. The name above given is cited in Sp. PL 454 as a 
synonym of Euphorbia thymifolia L. The specimen is a 
barren fragment, but not that species. Here is Chamue- 
cyse Virginianus E Morgan. E. maculata L. 

18. T. sive Peplis maritima folio obtuso, C. B. P. E. Peplis L. 

19. T. minimus ruber rotundifolius prooumbens, nobis. Cited 

Hort. Cliff. 198. E. Chamaesyoe L. 
341,21. T. sive Chamaesyce altera Virginiana . . . D. Pluk. One 
sheet from Fort St. George e Madraspatan. ; and another 
sent to me from Fort St. George hy my brother Daniel Du 
Bois. E. thymifolia L. 

Caput III. Tithymali capsnla vermcosa pereunes. 

P. 341, 1. T. palustris fruticosus, C. B. P. Cited Hort. CUff. 200. 

E. palustris L. 
342, 7. T. incanus hirsutus, C. B. P. et Prod. Bauhin's name is 
cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 659 for B. pilosa L. ; but the poor 
specimens are probably E. pubesoens Vahl. 
8. T. maritimus spinosus Creticus, Park. Cited Hort. Cliff. 200. 
E. spinosa L. 
10. T. montanus non acris, C. B. P. E. dulois L. 

Caput IY. Tith.ym.ali capstila verrucosa, aunai. 

P. 343, 1. T. arvensis latifolius Germanicus, C. B. P. E. platyphyl- 
los L. 
3. T. sive Peplis annua foliis acutis, Boccon. No specimen. 
Cited Ait. Hort. Kew. iii. 167. (Cult. Hort. Oxf ). 
E. segetalis L. 

Caput Y. Tithymalas Crassus spiuosiis foliosus, & non 
foUosas Enphorbiiim dictns. 

P. 344, 1. T. Africanus arborescens squamato caule spinoso. A draw- 
ing; also leafy-shoots of E. Caput-medusae L. 
2. Euphorbio aut Tithymalo medio aflSnis. No specimen. 
Cited Hort. Cliff. 196. E. nerufolia L. 

5. Anteuphorbium, Dod. No specimen. Cited (fig. 10) Sp. PL 

834 for Cacalia Anteuphorbium L. = Senecio Anteuphor- 
bium Sch. Bip. 

6. Euphorbium Cerei eflSgie . . . Breyn Prod. 2. No specimen. 

Cited Sp. PI. 647 for Euphorbia cereiformis L. 
8. E. Indicum Opuntiae facie . . . Breyn. Prod. 2. No specimen. 
Cited Hort. Cliff. 196. E. antiquorum L. 



140 PLANT AEUM HISTOEIAE OXONIENSIS 

Capxjt VI. Riciuns. (Non Lactescentes.) 

P. 347, 1. Ricinus vulgaris, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 450. 
E. communis L. 

2. R. Africanus maximus caule geniculate rutilante, Hort. Reg. 

Par. K. communis L., teste 3. Hutchinson, as are also 
Nos. 3 and 4. 

3. Ricinus Americanus minor, C. B. P . 

4. Ricinus Americanus minimus, Moris. Praelud. Bot. 

5. R. Madraspatanus . . . D. Pluk. Jatropha gossypifolia L., 

teste J. Hutchinson. 

6. R. Americanus folio Staphisagriae, C. B. P. 

The French Physich Nut is a shrub about i or 5 feet high, 
the young leaves red, others green like a Vine, the flowers in 
clusters reddish, the fruit 6 or 8 square first green then 
broicne, is like the oyl seed ; on dry ground everywhere. 
J. gossypifolia L., teste J. Hutchinson. 
348, 9. R. Virginianus lactescens Fici foliis . . . D. Pluk. J. urens 
L., teste J. Hutchinson. 

10. R. Surinamensis foliis radiatis amplis. . . . Surinam Physick 

Nut, Barbadoes. J. multifida L., teste 3. Hutchinson. 

11. R. Americanus tenuiter diviso folio, Breyn. Cited Sp. PL 

1006. J. multifida L. 

12. R. Americanus pentaphyllos, Cassava Barbadiensibus dictus, 

Manihot Indorum sive Yucca . . . C. B. P. Manihot 
utilissima Pohl, teste 3. Hutchinson. 

14. R. minor asperior . . . Madraspatanus, D. Pluk. Sent from 

FoH St. George by Dr. Edw.Bulkeley 1700; Poona Congerry. 
Tragia cannabina L., teste 3. Hutchinson. 

15. R. Americanus major semine nigro, C. B. P. The Physick 

nut of Barbadoes, 1673. Jatropha Curcas L., teste 3. 
Hutchinson. 
349, 19. R. arbor Indica aromatica . . . Hermanni. Croton aromati- 
cus L., teste 3. Hutchinson. 
21. R. dulcis frutescens Americanus Populea fronde argentea, 
. . . Breyn. 2 leaves only. Croton sp. 

24. R. Althaeae folio molli . . . Madraspatanus, D. Pluk. Tragia 

involucrata L., teste 3. Hutchinson. 

25. R. humilis Althaeae folio, fructu verrucoso rotundo, nobis. 

Cf. Chrozophora tinctoria Juss., teste 3. Hutchinson. 
350, 26. R. fruticosus Curassavicus fructu parvo, folio Phylli, nobis. 
Croton sp., teste J. Hutchinson. 



PARS III. SECT. XI 141 

Seotio XI. De Monopetalis Tethacakpis. 

Distrihutio Prima : De Plantis Verticillatis Galeatis 
Spicatis. 

Caput I. Lavendiila. 

P. 352, 1. Lavendula major sive vulgaris, Park. Lavandula SpioaL. 

2. L. latifolia sterilis. L. latifolia Vill. 

3. L. minor sive spica, Ger. Cited Hort. CliiF. 303. L. SpicaL. 

4. L. multifido Hispanica, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 303. L. mul- 

tifida L. 

353, 5. L. Canarica foliis tenuius divisis. Cited Alton Hort. Kew. 

383. Ii. abrotanoides Lam. 

Capttt II. Stoechas. 

P. 353, 1. Stoecliaa brevioribus ligulis, Clus. Hist. Cited Hort. Cliff. 
303. Ii. Stoechas L. 

354, 6.S. folio serrato, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 303. L. den- 

tata L. 

Caput III. Folinm. 

P. 355, 1. Polium montanum luteum, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 302. 
Teucrium Polium L. = T. aureum Schreber PI. Vert. 
Unilab. 
3. P. montanum album, C. B. P. T. Polium L. 

5. P. maritimum erectum Monspeliacum, C. B. P. T. Polium L. 
356, 12. P. maritimum supinum Venetum, C. B. P. Cited Schreber 

PI. Vert. Unilab. p. 44. T. achaemenia Schreber = T. Po- 
lium L. (I. K ). 

14. P. saxatile chamaedryoides . . . Icon. Paris. No specimen. 

Cited Sohreb. PI. Vert. Unilab. p. 42 (f. 13) for T. rotundifo- 
lium Schreb. = T. pyrenaioum L. (I. K.). 

15. P. angustifolium Creticum, C. B. P. No specimen. Cited 

Schreb. PL Vert. Unilab. 27. T. brevifolium Schreb. 
17. P. Lavendulae folio, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 303. 

T. montanum L. 
21. P. minimum supinum, Lob. No specimen. Cited Sohreb. PI. 

Vert. Unilab. p. 50, for T. montanum L. 

Caput IV. Dictamnus. 

P. 357, 1. Dictamnus Creticus, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 364. Ori- 
ganum Dictamnus L. 
2. D. Sipyleus Majoranae foliis, nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 589. 
O. sipyleum L. 



142 PLANTAEUM HISTOEIAE OXONIENSIS 

Caput V. Majoraua & Origanum. 

P. 358, 1. Majorana vulgaris aestiva, Park. Cited Hort. Cliff. 304. 
O. Majorana L. 

359, 2. M. rotundifolia scutellata exotica, Schol. Bot. Paris. 
O. Maru L. 

3. M. hortensia odorata perennis, nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 590. 

O. Majorana L. var. 0. 

4. Hujus datur varietas major et fruticosior, quae forte Ori- 

ganum Onites floribus albicantibus, C. B. P. O. Ma- 
jorana L, forma. 

7. M. hortensis viridis tenuior, nobis. O. Majorana L. forma. 

8. M. sive Origanum humilius latifolium glabrum, Schol. Bot. 

Par. O. vulgare L. var., teste W. B. Turrill. 

11. Majorana latifolia aurea Park. O. hirtum Link. 

12. Origanum sylvestre vulgare, Trag. Cited Hort. Cliff. 305. 

O. vulgare L. 
360, 14. 0. Heracleoticum. O. heraoleoticum L. 

15. 0. Creticum, C. B. P. O. hirtum Link, teste W. B. Turrill. 
17. Origano cognata Zatarendi, C. B. P. No specimen. Cited 
Sp. PI. 588 for 0. aegyptiacum L. = O. Maru L. (I. K.). 

Caput VI. Hyssopus. 

P. 381, 1. Hyssopus vulgaris, Dod. Cited Hort. Cliff. 804. Hysso- 
pus ofQ.cinalis L. 

Another sheet, H. Anglica foliis niveis Park. H. offi- 
cinalis L. 
7. H. minor angustifolia, C. B. P. H. officinalis L., teste 
W. B. Turrill. 
11. H. capitata Syriaca Satureiae rigido hirsuto folio, nobis. 
Cited Sp. PI. 569. Thymbra spicata L. 

Alton (Hort. Kew. iii. 175, 1811) refers to its being 
cultivated by Bobart. 
362,12. H. angustifolia hirsuta Lusitanica . . . nobis. T. spicata L. 
14. H. capitata minor Thymi odore, nobis. Thymus capitatus 
Hoffmg. & Link. 

Caput VII. Coris. 

P. 362, 1. Coris caerulea maritima, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 68. 
Coris monspeliensis L. 

Caput VIII. Pmnella vel Brrmella. 

P. 363, 1. Prunella vulgaris, Trag. Cited Hoi-t. Cliff. 316. Prunella 
vnlgaris L. 
2. Brunella minor alba laoiniata, C. B. P. P. laciniata L. 



PAES III. SECT. XI 14a 

3. Prunella Lusitanica capite reticulato . . . Tournefortii. 

Cleonia lusitanica L., testibus Bucknall and White. 

4. P. caerulea magno flore, Eyst. P. grandiflora Jacq. 

364, 6. P. magno flore, folio integro glabriore et longiore. Probably 
a hybrid, P. grandiflora x laeiniata. 

' The leaves are certainly those of grandiflora & but for 
the small flowers it would be that species : may be a hybrid,' 
W. B. Turrill. 

7. P. angustifolia integra hirsutior, nobis. No specimen. Cited 

Sp. PL 601 for P. hyssopifolia L. 

8. Brunella Alpina glabra folio augusto integro, D. Moris. 

F. hyssopifolia L. 

Bucknall and White, after careful comparison of speci- 
mens, conclude this is rightly named. 

9. Prunella Hyssopi folio viridi, amplo flore caeruleo, nobis. 

Cited Hort. Cliflf. 304. Draoocephalum Ruyschianum L. 

Caput IX. Betonica. 

P. 365, 1. Betonica vulgaris, Clus. Cited Hort. Cliff. Betonica 
officinalis L. = Stachys officinalis Franchet. 
Also^ore albo. 

5. B. major Danica, Park. S. offlolaalis Franchet. 

11. B. Virginiana elatior foliis Scrophulariae glabris flore ochro- 
leuco. Cited Sp. PI. 570. Hyssopus nepetoides L. = 
Iiophanthus nepetoides Benth. 

366, 12. B. Virginiana elatior Scrophulariae foliis glabris, flore carneo. 
Lophanthus sp. 

Caput X. Campliorosina. 

P. 366. Camphorosma trifoliata flore carneo. Cited Sp. PI. 594. 
Dracocephalum canariense L. = Cedronella triphylla 
Moench. 

Caput XI. Mentha. 

P. 367, 1. Mentha Romana sive praestantior angustifolia, Lob. 
Named by Sole M. viridis, but I agree with Messrs. J. G. 
Baker and Arth. Bennett in thinking it is a hybrid of 
M. spicata x longifoUa. 

2. M. spicata longifolia glabra, sive rubra, nobis. Found by 

S. Dale in Essex, by Boeking-River side. Rail Syn. 128: 
the plant, he says, is lost from the caveing of the banks into 
the river. M. spicata L. 

3. M. sylvestris longioribus nigrioribus et minus incanis foliis, 

C. B. P. M. pubesaena Willd., teste J. G. Baker. 
5. M. crispa Danica sive Germanica speciosa. Park. Cited Sp. 
PI. 576. M. criapa L. 



144 PLANTAEUM HISTOBIAE OXONIENSIS 

P. 368, 6. M. sylvestris folio longiore, C. B. P. One sheet Sole identi- 
fies as his ' villosa = sylvestris L.' M. longifolia Huds. 
Another sheet, marked by Sole 'y Fl. Brit.' and ■which 
Mr. Baker names sylvestris L., is from Adam Buddie, who 
remarks : ohserved by Mr. Band plentifully in Kent where 
they call it the rough Spear mint M. candicans foliis 
spicis et odore vulgan sativae similis Doody in App. R. Syn. 
341. It is, I believe, M. longifolia x rotundifolia. 

7. Mentastrum Chalepense elatius argenteum angustifolium,raro 
florens. M. longifolia Huds. One sheet Mr. Baker iden- 
tifies as var. moUissima (Borckh.). 

9. M. folio rugOBO rotundiore spontaneum, flore spicato, odore 
gravi, J. B. Sole identifies this as M. rotiindifolia Huds. 

10. Mentha spicata canescens Nepetae facie, radice tuberosa, 

nobis. 

The following note is on the sheet : M. verticillata odore 
fragrantissimo Buddie, By ye river side near Stoke Newington 
. . . I have sent two specimens one for you and your Lady to 
smell on, which I thinh ye finest yet discovered. You may 
[have] roots of this or any of others out of Chelsea Garden. 
The odour was said to be like Itosa Eglantina. Mentha 
verticillata Huds. 

11. M. Nepetae facie, Betonicae folio, nobis. Nepeta tu- 

berosa L. 

Distributio Secunda: De Plantis Galeatis, verticillis densius 
per intervalla dispositis. 

Caput XII. Mentha. 

P. 369, 1. Mentha hortensis verticillata Ocimi odore, C. B. P. Named 
by Sole M. gentiUs = M. cardiaca Baker. 

2. M. rotundiore folio glabro, Pulegii flore, nobis. Named by 

Sole and J. G. Baker M. rubra Sm. 

This was discovered by Tilleman Bobart on Shotover 
Hill near Oxford. 

3. M. rotundifolia rubra Aurantii odore, nobis. Named by 

Sole M. odorata Sole = M. piperita L. var. citrata (Ehrh.) 

Briquet. 
5. M. arvensis humilior verticillata hirsuta, J. B. Cited Sp. 

PI. 577. M. arvensis L. ; also a variegated form. 
370, 6. M. rotundifolia palustris seu aquatica major, C. B. P. Named 

by Sole M. aquatica L. var. major Sole. 
7. M. aquatica sive Sisymbrium hirsutius, J. B. M. aquatica 

L- agg- . J • iu 

The following specimens are not mentioned in the 
Historia. 



t-AUS III. SECT. XI 145 

Mentha aquatica verticillata odoris grati. Observed hy if. Rand 
on ye sides of ye river Medway in Kent. From Buddie, with 
label in his writing. Mr. J. G. Baker marked it ' typical 
M. sativa '. x M. verticillata Huds. forma. 

M. Sisymhrii facie hirsute verticillata, Rand. Trom Buddie, 
with the note : hy ye ditch sides not far from ye Kings- 
arms a landing place in Southwarh over against Whitehall. 
Typical M. sativa J. Gr. B. x M. verticillata Huds. ; 
the hybrid, nearer M. aquatica L. 

.1/. verticillata glabra foliis ex rotundato acuminatis Buddie, 
By our New River side (Middlesex, Buddie). Sole marks it 
'M. arvensis var. 8 Fl. Brit.'= M. arvensis L. var. num- 
mularia (Schreber). 

Sisymbrium ramosissimum floribus in summis ramulis in 
globtdos conglomeratis, Buddie. Near Stoke Newington by 
ye New River side, Buddie. A form of M. aquatica L. 

M. aquatica folio oblongo ini-idi glabra saporis fervidissimi, 
Buddie. I desire you &; your Lady to tast of this S; after 
som" little time chewing you will find it very hot. ye whole 
fades of ye plant is different from Mr Eals peppermint. 
X M. pubescens Willd. var. Mreina (Hull), teste Arth. 
Bennett. 

JL spicis brerioribus et habitioribus foliis : M. fusca sapore 
fervido piperis K. Si/n. 124. These two are near akin, 
Buddie. Marked by Sole M. piperita (L.) var. vulgaris 

Sole. 

M. arvensis Verticillata, folio rotundiore, odore aromatieo. 
D. Vernon, Raij Syn. 123. Marked by Sole ' M. agrestis 
= arvensis var. Fl. Brit.', and by Mr. J. G. Baker as 
M. gentilis L. 

Caput XIII. Fnleginm. 

rP. 371, 3. Pulegium vulgare, Park. Mentha Pulegium L.,flore albo. 

7. P. angustifolium, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. 578. Mentha 

cervina L. = Preslia cervina Presen. 

8. P. erectum Virginianum angustifolium floribus . . . nobis. 

Cited Sp. PI. 567. Satureja virginiana L. = Pyonan- 
themiun virginianum (L.). Cf. Koellia virginiana (L.) 
MacM., Britton & Brown. 

Caput XIV. Mamm vulgare. 

872, I. Marum vulgare, Dod. Cited Hort. Cliif. 806. Thymus 
Mastichina L. 



l46 PLANTARUM HISTORIAE OXONIENSIS 

Caput XV. Tragorigannm. 

P. 373, 1. Tragoriganum Creticum, C. B. P. Satureia Thymbra L. 
2. T. angustifolium C. B. P. Sideritis angustifolia Lam. 
T. latifolium, C. B. P. 223. Satureia Thymbra L. 

Caput XVI. Clinopodium. 

P. 374, 1. Clinopodium Origano simile, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 
305. Clinopodium vulgare L. 

2. C. Canadense majus hirsutius . . . nobis. Monarda fistu- 

losa L. 

3. C. majus Virginiense foliis minus hirtis .... No specimen. 

Cited Sp. PI. 82, for M. fistiUosa L. var. (3. 

4. C. majus Virginianum . . . Cited Sp. PI. 588. Clinopodium 

incanum L. = Pyonanthemum incanum Miehx. 

5. C. humile Syriacum . . . Cited Hort. Cliff. 305. Ziziphora 

capitata L. 

6. C. non ramosum flore caeruleo ... No specimen. Cited Sp. 

PI. 23 for Monarda ciliata L. = Blephilia cUiata Rafin. 

7. C. flore albo i-amosius . . . Cited Sp. PI. 571. Ifepeta 

virginica L. 
375, 8. C. angustifolium Virginianum Lamii flore luteo maculato. 
Monarda punctata L. 

Caput XVII. BlarrTibiiiiii. 

P. 376, 1. Marrubium album vulgare, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 302. 
Mamibium vulgare L. 
2. M. album rotundifolium Hispanicum maximum, Hort. Reg. 

Par. M. vulgare L. 
4. M. album Melitense minus. Probably M. peregrinum L. 
6. M. album majus . . . Ballota rupestris Vis. 
377, 7. M. Creticum supinum album . . . nobis. B. birsuta Benth. 

8. M. album latifolium peregrinum, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PL 

582. Marrubium peregrinum L. The specimen is M. 
candidissimum L. 

9. M. album angustifolium peregrinum, C. B. P. M. pere- 

grinum L., but the specimen is too imperfect for certainty. 
10. M. Hispanicum longiore folio, Prosp. Ballota nigra L. 
12. M. album foliis profundius incisis, flore caeruleo, nobis. Cited 

Sp. PI. 582. Marrubium Alysson L. 

14. M. nigrum foetidum, Ballote Diosc, C. B. P. Ballota 

nigra L. ; also flore albo. 

15. M. iiigrum rotundifolium, C. B. P. B. nigra L., teslibvs 

Bucknall and White. 



PARS III. SECT. XI 147 

378, 16, M. nigrum longifolium, C. B. P. No specimen. Cited Hort. 
Cliff. 315. PhlomiB Herba-venti L. 
18. M. Cardiaca dictum, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 313. Leo- 
nurus Cardiaca L. ; alsofol. crispo. 

20. Pseudo-marrubium aquaticum vulgare, nobis. Lyoopus 

europaeus L. 

21. P. . . . aquaticum glabrum foliis dissectioribus, nobis. 

Ii. es:altatus L. 

22. P. . . . palustre glabrum Virginianum majus foliis integris. 

L. virginicus L. 

Caput XVIII. Fsendo-dictamuus verticillatus. 

P. 379, 1. Pseudo-dictamnus verticillatus inodorus, C. B. P. No 
specimen. Cited Hort. Cliff. 312. Marrubium Pseudo- 
Dictamnus L. = Ballota Pseudodictaranus Benth. 

3. P. . . . acetabulis Moluccae, C. B. P. B. acetabulosa Benth. 
380, 4. P. . . . Hispanicus folio rugosiore, Schol. Bot. Par. B. ace- 
tabulosa Benth. 

Caput XIX. Molnca. 

P. 380, 1. Moluca Syriaca laevis, Adv. Lob. Moluccella laevia L. 
2. M. asperior Syriaca . . . Lob. M. spinosa L. 

Caput XX. Stachys. 

P. 381, 1. Stachys folio densiore candicante serrato et aeuto major, 
nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 309. Stachys germanica L. 
2. S. folio . . . non serrato minor, nobis. Sideritis syriaoa L. 

4. S. sive Pseudo-stachys Alpina, C. B. P. et Prod. No specimen. 

Cited Hort. Cliff. 310. Stachys alpina L. 

5. S. sive Pseudo-stachys Cretica latifolia, C. B. P. Prod. Park. 

Fragmentary : ? S. Toumefortii Poir. 

Another specimen, labelled S. Cretica angustifolia, is 
probably S. cretica L. ; Bucknall and "White agree. 
382, 6. S. Canarica frutescens Salviae folio, flore candido . . . Cited 
Hort. Cliff. 310. Sideritis cauariensis L. 
9. S. spinosa Cretica, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PL 581. Stachys 
spinosa L. 

10. S. foetida sepium flagellis reptatricibus, nobis. Cited Hort. 

Cliff. 309. S. sylvatioa L. 

11. S. folio obscure virente, flore ferrugineo. Probably S. am- 

bigua Sm. = (S. palustris x sylvatica). 

12. S. folio virente, flore partim rubente, partim albo. J. Hutch- 

inson suggests cf. Stachys germanica L. forma. 

13. S. viridis elatior ... S. germanica L. forma, teste W. B. 

TurriU. 

L 2 



148 PLANTABUM HISTORIAE OXONIENSIS 

14. S. viridis elatior amplioribus foliis. W. B. Turrill suggests 
cf. S. alpina L. 

383, 16. S. palustris foetida, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 309. S. 
palustria L. 

Also a sheet labelled Panacis Coloni spec, latioribus fol. 
pediculis insidentibus D. Rand. S. ambigua Sm. (= S. 
palustris x sylvatica). 
17. S. Africana frutesoens angustifolia . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 
587, and Bot. Mag. t. 478. Phlomis Leonurus L.=Iieo- 
notis Leonurus Br. 

18. S. Africana frutescens Melisaae foliis . . . nobis. Plowerless 

specimen. W. B. Turrill suggests Iieonotis nepetae- 
folia Br. 

19. S. Americana annua Urticae foliis . . nobis. Cited Hort. 

Cliff. 312. Phlomis nepetaefolia L.=L. nepetaefolia Br. 

With it is what appears to be a specimen of L. Raineriana 

Vis. 
"20. S. sive Leonurus annuus Madraspatensis ... I believe this 

to be Leucas zeylanica Br. 
21. S. sive Leonurus Hyssopi hirsutis foliis Madraspatensis . . . 

Three sheets. Pea Tiimhy. Sent from Fort St. George hy 

D. E. Bulkley 1703, and from ye Coast of Coromandel. 
Linnaeus (Sp. PI. 586) cites Plukenet's fig. 4 for his 

Phlomis zeylanica whereon Plukenet's plant is usually 

referred to Leucas aspera Link, a very variable species. 

I believe the specimen to be L. zeylanica Br. 

Cafxtt XXI. Lamium 8e Galeopsis. 

P. 384, 1. Iiaraium album vulgare sive Archangelica, Park. Cited 
Hort. Cliff. 314. Iiamium album L. Also a sheet L. 
maculatum L. ; as the var. laevigatum (L.). 

Also L. album coma Candida. 
385, 4. L. Americanum album Parietariae foliis. No specimen. L. 
parietarifolium Benth. = L. album L. var. integrifolium 
Nolte, ex Sender Fl. Hamb. 328. 

This plant is supposed to be identical with Lamium 
parietariae fade Morison, Hort. Bles. 278, which has been 
referred (see Jowii. Bot. 1899, p. 130) to Lamium moUe 
Ait., Hort. Kew. ed. 2, ii. 394. The sheet in the Banksian 
Herbarium bears Solander's citation of Morison, but there 
are two species upon it, thus causing the confusion. 

5. L. luteum folio oblongo, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 318. 

Ij. Galeobdolon Crantz. 

6. L. maculatum, C. B. P. L. maculatum L. 

7. L. Pannonicum majus non repens . . . nobis. L. Orvala L. 

8. L. montanum Melissae folio, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 309^ 

Melittis Mellssophyllum L. 



PARS III. SECT. XI 149 

9. L. annuum vulgare lubrum, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliif. 314. 
Iiamiura purpiireum L. 

10. L. annuum rubrum foliis profundius incisis. L. hybridum. 

Vill. 

Bobart mentions that this species had been held to be 
a variety of the preceding, and adds ' Semen vero satum 
idem produxit ; et non aliter quam foliis potius amplioiibus, 
in profundiores lacinias divisis, a proximo superius expli- 
cato, differt.' 

11. Lamium annuum rubrum Parietariae foliis. ' Ex horto Dom. 

Edw. Morgan, prope coenobium Westmonasteriense, plu- 
rimis abhinc annis ipsi comparavimus.' 

This is wi'ongly put under Lamium album by Linnaeus, 
in Hort. Cliif. 314 and Sp. PI. 579. The specimen is an 
entire-leaved form of Lamium purpureum L., which Sir 
James E. Smith (Rees, Cyclopedia, vol. xx) describes as 
Lamium ocymifolium, Basil-leaved Red Dead Nettle. L. 
purpureum L. var. ocymifolium Boulger in Journ. Bot. 
1903, 153. 
386, 12. L. annuum folio caulem ambiente minus, C. B. P. Cited 
Hort. Cliff. 814. L. amplexicaule L. 

13. L. annuum procerius Urticae folio, verticillis spinosis, nobis. 

Galeopsis Tetrahit L. 

14. L. annuum procerius Urticae foliis, flore luteo amplo, labro 

purpureo. The description suggests 6. speciosa Miller, but 

the specimen is only Or. Tetrahit L. f. albifLora. 
16. L. annuum medium Urticae angustioris folio, flore ochro- 

leuco. G. ochroleuca Lam. =G. dubia Leers. 
18. L. arvense annuum angustifolium rubrum verticillis spinosis, 

nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 810. G. Ladanum L. 



Caput XXII. Sideritis. 

P. 387, 1. Sideritis vulgaris hirsuta, J. B. Cited Hort. Cliff. 310. 

Staohys annua L. Another specimen labelled S. Heraclea 

Col. 131 is Sideritis montaua L. 
388, 4. S. foliis hirsutis profunda crenatis, C. B. P. S. Soordioides L. 

5. S. Romana utriculis spinosis, Hort. Lugd. Bat. Cited Sp. 

PI. 575. S. romana L. 

6. S. montana, Adv. Lob. ? S. Soordioides L. 

8. S. Alpina Hyssopi folio, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 813. 

S. hyssopifolia L. 

9. S. Hispanica longifolia frutescens sive lignosior, Schol. Bot. 

Par. S. hirsuta L. 

Another specimen (leaves only) appears to be S. 
spiuosa Lam. 



150 PLANTAEUM HISTOEIAE OXONIENSIS 

10. S. humilior Pyrenaica Hysopi folio procumbens, Sohol. Bot. 
Par. 8. hyssopi&lia L. var. angustifolia "WiUk., teste 
W. B. Turrill. 

389. 14. S, arvensis latifolia glabra, C. B. P. Staohys annua L., 

teste W. B. TurriU. 

Also a sheet S. arvensis latifolia glabra, C. B. P. Cited 
Hort. Cliff. 310, Stachys annua L. ; but the specimen (ex 
Dr. Richardson in comit. Eboracensi) is G-aleopsia dubia 
Leers. 

16. S. glabra Betonicae folio, Raii. ? Sideritis maritima L., 

teste W. B. Turrill. 

17. S. glutinosa bitumen redolens, Hort. Reg. Bles. Cited Sp. PL 

581 and Ait. Hort. Kew. iii. 398. Stachys glutinosa L. 

18. S. annua Acre luteo, utricuUs et foliis longioribus. Ex 

Aleppo. Cited Sp. PI. 596. Dracocephalum canescens L. 
= Ijallemantia canescens Pisch. & Mey. 
22. S. Alsine Trissaginis folio, C. B. P. Stacbys arvensis L. 

Caput XXIII. Bugnla. 

P. 391, 1. Bugula sylvatica vulgaris caemlea, nobis. Cited Hort. 
CUff. 201. Ajuga reptans L. 

2. B. media flore cameo. 'In agro Oxoniensi in sylva baud 

longe a VUla Stokenchurch dicta.' A. reptans L. f. 
camea. 

3. B. hirsuta Genevensis, nobis. Ajuga genevensis L. 

4. B. odorata Lusitanica, Comuti. No specimen. Cited Sp. PI. 

ed. iL 837 for Cleonia lusitanica L. 

Caput XXIV. Honuiniuu. 

P. 392, 1. Honninum sativum vulgare sive Sclarea, Park. Salvia 
Sdarea L. 

2. H. Syriacum album, C. B. P. S. syriaoa L. 

3. H. Syriacum album Salviae folio lanuginoso, nobis. Probably 

S. pratensis L. ; the flowers are too large for S. virgata. 

4. H. Aethiopicum foliis sinuosis, C. B. P. S. argentea L. 
393, 5. Varietas videtur ejusdem foliis profundius laciniatis ; unde 

Aethiopis foliis laciniatis, C. B. P. et Prod. S. Aethiopls L. 
6. H. ceratophyllum rugosum flore sulphureo, nobis. No speci- 
men. Cited Ait. Hort. Kew. i. 62 for S. ceratophyUa L. 
10. H. pratense foliis seri-atis, C. B. P. S. pratensis L., and 
flore cameo. 

394. 15. H. sanguineum Asphodeli radice, Triumfetti. Cited Ait. 

Hort. Kew. i. 57. S. haematodes L. (merged into S. 
pratensis L. in Ind.' Kew.). 



PARS III. SECT. XI 151 

16. H. majus amplo flore violaceo . . . D. Moris. Cited Bot. Mag. 

t. 395. S. iadica L. 

17. H. Canarienae tomentosum hastato folio. . . . Cited Sp. PI. 

26. S. cauariensis L. 

18. H. luteum glutinosum, C. B. P. S. glutinosa L. 

19. H. Chalepense alato folio, flore majore rubicundo. S. 

bracteata Russ. A native of Aleppo and the East. 
Linnaeus does not refer to the description or figure. 
Bobart's drawing of it for the plate is also on the sheet. 
395, 26. H. folio rotundiore, flore magno violaceo, J. B. No specimen. 
Cited Sp. PI. 596 for Horminum pyrenaicum L. 

27. H. Virginiamum caule aphyllo. . . . Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 33. 

Salvia lyrata L. 

28. H. tenui Coronopi folio Virginianum. Cited Sp. PI. 602. 

Bartsia coccinea L. = Castilleja cocoinea Sprang. 

29. H. sylvestre latifoHum verticiUatum, C. B. P. Cited in Hort. 

Cliff. 494. Salvia verticillata L. 

Cultivated in Hort. Ox. in 1658, see Hort. Cat. p. 79. 

30. H. sylvestre latifolium Tingitanum majus alatis foliis. 

? S. verticillata L. 

31. H. Virginianum erectum Urticae foliis, flore minora. E 

Virginia. Citad Hort. Cliff. 13 n. 10. S. mexicana L. 

32. A. sylvestre vulgare Lavendulae flore, C. B. P. 'Ad arcis 

Eegiae hippodromum Greenvici, hand longe a Londino, 
Cltisius se invenisse confirmat.' Two of the sheets are of 
Clusius' plant S. Verbenaca L. agg. Another sheet is S. 
sylvestrls L. 
396, 33. H. minus folio sinuato . . . D. Moris. S. Verbenaca L. agg. 
34. H. minus album Betonicae facie, C. B. P. S. Verbenaca 
L. agg. 

Caput XXV. Fseado-salvia. 

P. 397, 1. Pseudo-sal via major lutea vulgatior latifolia, nobis. Cited 

Hort. Cliff. 315. Phlomis frutioosa L. 
2. P. Chalepensis ampUore foUo cordiformi. ' Ex Aleppo.' No 

flowers. Probably P. NiBSolii L. 
4. P. fruticosa minor lutea Verbasci foliis incanis, nobis. A 

form, with narrower and more tomentose leaves, of P. 

fruticosa L. 
6. P. fruticosa purpurea Verbasci angustioribus foliis rugosis. 

Cultivated in Morgan's garden at Westminster. P. pur- 

piirea L. 



152 PLANTARUM HISTORIAE OXONIENSIS 

Distributio Tertia : Verticillis laxius dispositia. 

Caput XXVI. Salvia. 

P. 399, 1. Salvia major vulgaris, Park. Four sheets of varieties of 
8. officinalis L. 

2. S. pinnata major Danica. S. officinalis L. forma ; the leaves 

are acutely lobed. 

3. S. Absinthium reddens, J. B. S. officinalis L. forma. 

4. S. Cretica non pomifera, et pomifera, Clus. No specimen. 

Cited Ait. Hort. Kew. i. 54 for S. pomifera L. 

Caput XXVII. Thymus. 

P. 401, 1. Thymum vulgare durius, Park. Thymus vulgaris L., 
testibus Bucknall and White. 

2. T. moschatus minor sen tenuior, nobis. T. vulgaris L., 

testibus Bucknall and White. 

3. T. moschatus major. T. ovatus Miller. 

P. 402, 8. T. vulgaris folio latiore, C. B. P. T. vulgaris L. var. verti- 
cillatus W. & L., testibus Bucknall and White. 
Also a sheet of T. ovatus Miller. 

Caput XXVIII. Serpyllum. 

P. 403, 1. Serpyllum vulgare, Park. Cited Hort. Cliff. 306. Thymus 
Serpyllum L. agg. 

2. S. vulgare majus, C. B. P. T, ovatus Miller? testibus 

Bucknall and White. 

3. S. foliis Citri odore, C.- B. P. T. Chamaedrys Auct. = T. 

ovatus Mill. 

4. S. foliis odore Citri frutescens, facie Mari mastichini, Schol. 

Bot. Par. T. Serpyllum L., teste J. Hutchinson. 

Caput XXIX. Aciuos. 

404, 2. A. Syriaco folio mucronato, capsulis laevioribus. Ziziphora 
acutifolia Montbr. et Auch., teste W. B. Turrill. 

3. A. Syriaca folio mucronato, capsulis hirsutis. Cited Sp. PI. 

21 (fig. 3, 4). Ziziphora tenuior L. 

4. A. Syriaca tenuiore folio, capsulis hirtis. Of the three sheets 

bearing this name and number, two specimens are Z. 
tenuior L., and one is Calamintha Acinos Clairv. = Satureia 
Acinos Scheele, testilms W. B. Turrill and Dr. Stapf. 

5. A. Syriaca altera foliis longioribus dentatis. Sideritis 

montana L., teste W. B. Turrill. 

6. A. Thymi folio et facie, floribus inexpansis, nobis. Cited 

Alton Hort. Kew. i. 49 for Cunila thymoides L. Mr. 
Hutchinson refers the specimen to Calamintha sp. 

(Ind_. Kew. refers C. thymoides L. to Thymus Serpyllum 
L., which this specimen is not.) 



PABS III. SECT. XI 153^ 

8. A. Austriaca latioribus foliis dentatis, nobis. Calamintha 

alpina Lam. = Satureia alpiaa Scheele. 

9. A. annua Syriaca rotundiore folio crenato. Calamintha 

graveolens Benth., teste W. B. Turrill. = Satureia graveo- 
lens Caruel. 

Caput XXX. Ocimum. 

P. 406, 1. Ocimum caryophyllatum majus, C. B. P. Cited Hort, 
Cliff. 315. Ocimum Basllicxim L. 

2. 0. maximum caxyophyllatum, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff, 

315. Octmiun Basilicum. L., teste W. B. Tui-rill. 

3. 0. latifolium maculatum vel crispum, C. B. P. et Prod. Im- 

perfect, probably O. Basilicum L. var. 

4. 0. maximum perenneutriusquelndiae . . . D. Pluk. O.Basi- 

lioxun L. agg. 

5. 0. foliis fimbriatia viridibus, C. B. P.- O. Basilicum L. var, 

difforme Benth., teste W. B. Turrill. 

6. 0. viride foliis bullatis, C. B. P. Leaf only . O. gratissimum 

L., teste W. B. Turrill. 

8. 0. crispum profunde serratum . . . Icon. Paris. A scrap, 

O. gratissimum L., teste W. B. Turrill. 

9. 0. medium vulgatius, Adv. Lob. O. Basilicum L. 
10. 0. citri odore, C. B. P. Probably O. gratissimum L. 

407, 15. 0. tricolor, Hort. W. B. Turrill suggests cf. O. sanctum L. 

17. 0. minimum, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. 597. 0. minimum L, 

= O. Basilicum L., teste W. B. Turrill. 
A garden form. 

18. 0. minimum foliis ex purpura nigricantibus. O. minimum 

L. = O. Basilicum L., confirmed by W. B. Turrill. 

Caput XXXI. MeUssa. 

P. 408, 1. Melissa vulgaris odore Citri, J. B. Cited Hort. Cliff. 307- 
Melissa officinalis L. 

2. M. Romana hirsutior, Hort. Reg. Bles. M. officinalis L.,- 

testibus Bucknall and White. 

3. M. fruticosa Cretica semper virens . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 

601 = Prasium majus L. 

4. M. peregrina folio oblongo, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 308, 

Dracocephaliun Moldavica L., also^ore alho. 

Caput XXXII. Hedera terrestris sive Chamaecissos. 

P. 409, 1. Hedera terrestris vulgaris, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 
307. Glecoma hederacea L. = Nepeta Glechoma Benth. = 
N. hederacea Tre v., foliis eleganter variegatis a,nA flore alio.- 



154 PLAKTARUM HISTOEIAE OXONIENSIS 

Caput XXXIII. Ilosma,rinus. 

P. 410, 1. Rosmarinus hortensis angustiore folio, C. B. P. K. offi- 
cinalis L. 

2. R. hortensis latiore folio, C. B. P. B. officinalis L. forma. 

3. R. Stoechadis facie, Prosp. Alp. No specimen. Cited Hort. 

Cliff. 302. Teucrium creticum L. ; and in Schreb. PI. 
Vert. Unilab. 28 for T. hyssopifolium Schreb., merged into 
the former in Ind. Kew. 

Caput XXXIV. Satureia. 

P. 411, 1. Satureia annua Cunila dicta vulgaris, nobis. Cited Hort. 
Cliff. 306. Satureia hortensis L. 

2. S. annua Orientalia tenuior, ad singulos nodos florifera. 

Cited Sp. PI. 568. S. graeca L. = Mioromeria graeca 
Benth. 

3. S. perennis hortensis vulgaris, nobis. S. montana L., agreed 

to by Bucknall and White. 
412, 4. S. perennis verticillis spicatim et denaius dispositis, nobis. 
Cited Sp. PI. 567. S. Juliana L. = Micromeria Juliana 
Benth. 
5. S. Cretica tenuifolia, nobis. Micromeria graeca L. 
Bucknall and White say it is the var. consentina Tenore. 

Caput XXXV. Calamintlia. 

P. 412, 1. Calamintha magno flore, C. B. P. Satureia grandlflora 

Scheele. 
413, 2. C. magno flore, odore Pulegii, nobis. S. grandiflora 
Scheele. 

3. C. montana vulgaris. Tab. Calamintha montana Lam. = 

S. Calamintha Scheele. 

4. C. Cretica parvo flore . . C. B. P. Probably S. Nepeta 

Scheele. 

5. C. flore minore, odore Pulegii, J. B. S. ITepeta Scheele. 

7. C. erecta Virginiana . . . Pulegium Virginianum quibusdam 
... A Domino WiUis e Virginia, 1671. Cited Sp. PI. 
ed. ii. 30. Cunila mariana L. 

Caput XXXVI. Nepeta sive Cataria. 

P. 414, 1. Nepeta sive Mentha cattaria vulgaris et major, C. B. P. 
Cited Hort. Cliff. 310. Nepeta Cataria L. 

2. N. sive Cattaria media. Park. N. Cataria L. forma, the var. 

/3 of Sp. PI. 

3. N. sive Mentha Cattaria minor Alpina, C. B. P. et Prod. 

Nepeta Nepetella L. 



PARS III. SECT. XI 155 

5. N. sive Mentha Cattaiia angustifolia major, C. B. P. 

H" . nuda L. 
415, 6. N. Pannonica major et elatior, nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 570. 

N. pannonica L. = N". nuda L. (I. K.), also^cwe albo. 
7. N. Indica rotundiore folio . . . Hort. Mai. Tom. 10 c. 90. No 

specimen. Cited Sp. PI. 571 for N. indica L. = Anisomeles 

ovata Br. = A. indica (L.) Kimtze. 

Floribus singulatim dispositis, tetracarpis. 

Caput XXXVII. ScuteUaria. 

P. 416, 1. Scutellaria spicata major Lamii folio, nobis. Cited Hort. 
cuff. 317. Scutellaria peregrina L. 
2. S. Virginiana erecta caerulea . . . D. PI. Ph. W. B. Turrill 
suggests that the specimen is not an American plant ; cf. 
S. albida L. 

5. S. humilis lignosa Teucrii facie, nobis. S. alpina L. 

6. S, palustris repens caerulea, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 316. 

S. galericulata L. 

7. S. palustris repens Virginiana major. . . . Cited Sp. PI. 599. 

S. lateriflora L. 
S. S. palustris minima repens foliis non dentatis, nobis. 
S. minor Huds. 

Caput XXXVIII. Dracocephalus. 

P. 417, 1. Dracocephalusangustifolius folio glabroserrato, nobis. No 
specimen. Cited Sp. PI. 594 for Dracocephalum virginianum 
L. = Physostegia virginiana Benth. 

2. D. latifolius glaber Lysimachiae luteae foliis. No specimen. 

Cited Sp. PL ed.ii. 850 for Chelone Penstemon L. = Pent- 
stemon pubescens Ait. 

3. D. hirsutus Lysimachiae foliis latioribus seri-atis. Probably 

P. pubescens Ait. 

Caput XXXIX. Verbena. 

P. 418, 1. Verbena communis caeruleo flore, C. B. P. Verbena 
officinalis L. 

2. V. Chalepensis major vulgaris facie. V. officinalis L. 

forma. 

3. V. Americana Urticae folio, Hort. Reg. Bles. No specimen. 

The figure (tab. 25, 3), which is labelled V. recta Canadensis 
sive Virginiana maxima Urticae foliis, nobis, is cited Sp. PI. 
20 for V. urticifolia L. 

4. V. Americana Urticae foliis . . . Hort, Lugd. V. hastata L. 



156 PLANTARUM HISTORIAE OXONIENSIS 

5. V. Americana media annua Ooimi folio . . . Breyn. Prod. 2. 
Cited Ait. Hort. Kew. i. 47. Stachytarpheta prismatica 
Vahl = Bouchea Ehrenbergii Cham. = B. prismatica 
(Vahl) Kuntze. 

419, 6. V. dispermos Americana lignescens Veronicae foliis, nobis. 
Imperfect and mixed specimens ; the leaves are Stachy- 
tarpheta jamaioensis Vahl ; the flowers S. cajanensis 
Vahl, teste W. B. Turrill. 

7. V. tenuifolia,- C. B. P. V. supina L. 

8. V. nodiflora foliis minoribus viridibus, nobis. Verbena nodi- 

flora L. = Iiippia nodiflora Michx. 

12. V. Orubica Teucrii folio Cited Aiton Hort. Kew. i. 46 

for Stach3rtarpheta orubica Vahl. 

Floribus Galea carentibus. 

Caput XL. IVCamiu Cortusi. 

P. 420. Marum Cortusi, J. B. Ex insvlis BaleaHcis. Cited Hort. 
Cliff. 303 ; also Schreber PI. Vert. Unilab. 37. Teucritun 
Marum L. 

Caput XLI. Chamaedrys. 

P. 421, 1 . Chamaedrys fruticosior sive Teucrium vulgare flore ochro- 
leuco, nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 565. Teucrium flavum L. 

422, 5. C. fruticosior aive Teucrium lucidum . . . D. Pluk. Phyt. 
Cited Schreb. PI. Vert. Unilab. 85. T. regium Schreber. 
7. C. fruticosior flore violaceo . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 302. 
T. fruticans L. 

10. C. minor repens, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 302. T. Cha- 

maedrys L. 

11. C. major repens, C. B. P. No specimen. Cited Hort. Cliff. 

302. T. Chamaedrys L. 

12. C. Alpina hirsuta repens, Schol. Bot. Par. T. Chamaedrys 

Jj. flore aJbo. 
423, 13. C. Alpina major et elatior. . . . Cited Schreb. PI. Vert. 
Unilab . 33 . T . lucidum L . 

14. C. palustris Allium redolens, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 302. 

T. Scordium L. 

15. C. elatior Salviae folio, flore ochroleuco, nobis. Cited Hort. 

Cliff. 301 . T . Soorodonia L . 

17. C. multifida spinosa odorata, Grisley. Cited Sp. PI. 566. 

T. spinosum L. 

18. C. minor annua laciniatis foliis, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 301 . 

T. Botrys L. 



PARS III. SECT, xr 167 

19. C. annua multiflora tenuifolia Hispanica, Tournefortii. No 

specimen. Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 786 for T. Nissolianum L. = 
T. Pseudo-ohamaepitya L. (I. K.). 

20. Teucrii facie frutescens Canariensis pediculis longioribus. . . . 

Bystropogon canariense L'H^rit. 

21. Teucrii facie frutescens Canariensis pediculis brevioribus. , . . 

The Madeiran B. punotatus L'Herit. 

22. Teucrii facie Bisnagarica . . . D. Pluk. Phyt. Tab. 64. 

Bheiiy pa-atra, Phyt. t. G4 f. 6. Gathered in Ava Sept. 1702, 
by Mr. W. Hancocke, ex Du Bois. Cited Ait. Hort. Kew. i. 
279. Coldenia procumbens L. 

Caput XLI [bis]. Chamaepitys 
P. 425, 1. Chamaepitys lutea vulgaris folio trifido, C. B. P. Cited 
Hort. Cliff. 301. Teucrium Chamaepitys L. = Ajuga 
Chamaepitys Schreber. 

2. C. multifldo folio, Lamii flore, C. B. P. No specimen. Cited 

Schreb. UnUab. 30, for Teucrium Pseudo-ohamaepitys L. 

3. C. sive Iva moschata Monspeliensium, J. B. Ajuga Iva 

Schreber. 

Plantae Galeatae, 
Semina post singulos Acres plurima proferentes. 

Caput XLII. Fedicnlaris. 
P. 426, 1. Pedicularis pratensis lutea vel Crista galli, C. B. P. Cited 

Hort. Cliff. 825. Khinantlius Crista galli L. 
427, 8. P. seu Crista galli Apula . . . nobis. No specimen. Cited 
Sp. PL ed. ii. 840 for Rhinanthus Trixago L. = Bartsia 
Trixago L. 
13. P. purpurea palustris . . . nobis. Pedicularis palustria L. 
428, 15. P. Alpina pui'purea Teucrii folio, nobis. No specimen. 
Cited Hort. CHff. 325. Bartsia alpina L. 
16. P. Virginiana floribus conglomeratis ochroleucis. Pedicu- 
laris canadensis L. 

Caput XLIII. Melampyrum. 
P. 428, 1. Melampyrum purpurascente coma, C. B. P. Melampyrum 

arvense L. 
429, 2. M. cristatum flore albo et purpureo, J. B. M. cristatum L, 
3, M. luteum latifolium, C. B. P. M. pratense L. 
5. M. caerulea coma, C. B. P. M. nemorosum L. 

7. Melampyro cognata Madraspatana spinis horrida, D. Pluk. 

Phyt. Varra Mooly. Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 887 for Barleria 
cristata L. The specimen is Barleria Prionitis L. 

8. Melampyro aflBnis tetraphylla Gangetica floribus inter folia 

sparsis, D. Pluk. Blepharis boerhaviaefolia Pers. 



158 PLANTARUM HISTORIAE OXONIENSIS 

Caput XLIV. Euphrasia vel Enphrosyue. 

P. 430, 1. Euphrasia officinarum, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 325. 
E. ofiScinalis L. sens. lat. = E. nemorosa Pers. 

5. E. Alsines angustiore folio . . . Golcondensis, D. Pluk. Phyt. 

Tab. 56. Sent from Fort St. George by Dr. Edw. BulUey, 
1702, Covra Mooly. Justicia diffusa Willd. 

6. E, foliis Lini angustioribus, C. B. P. Euphrasia linifolia L. 

= Bartsia lutea Reichb. f. 

8. E. pratensis Italica latifolia, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. 604. E. 

latifolia L. = Bartsia latifolia Sibth. & Sm. 

9. B. erecta foliis . . Veronioae Westmorlandica, nobis. B. al- 

plna L. 
10. E. pratensis rubra, C. B. P. B. Odontitis Huds. 
432, 14. E. lutea floribua Elephantis caput cum proboscide referenti- 
bus, nobis . No specimen. Cited Sp. PI. 603 for Rhinanthus 
Elephas L. = Rhynchocorys Elephas Griseb. = Mephaa 
Columnae Guss. 

15. E. lutea latifolia palustris, Raii. Cited Sp. PI. 602. Bartsia 

visoosa L. 

16. E. pratensis lutea, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. 604. Euphrasia 

lutea L. = Bartsia lutea Reichb. f. 

Caput XLY. Asariua Galeata. 

P. 432, 1. Asarina Lobelii . . . J. B. No specimen. Cited Hort. 
Cliff. 323, and Bot. Mag. t. 902 for Antirrhinum 
Asarina L. 

Plantae Verticillatae non Galeatae. 
Caput XLVI. Cannabis. 

P. 433, 1. Cannabis sativa, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 457. Canna- 
bis sativa L. 

2. C. peregrina gemmis fructuum longioribus, Bangue dicta, 

nobis. From Fort St. George, Ihi Bois. C. sativa L. var. 
indica (Lam.). 

3. C. lutea fei-tilis Contareni, Prosp. Alp. Cited Sp. PI. 1469 

(f. 4). Datisca cannabina L. 

Caput XL VII. Urtica. 

P, 434, 1. Urtica urens maxima, C. B. P. TTrtioa dioica L. 

2. U. Canadensis racemosa mitior . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 985. 
U. canadensis L. = Iiaportea canadensis G^udich. 
435, 4. U. urens minor, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 440. XS. urens L. 



PABS III. SECT. XI 159 

5. U. pilulifera Parietariae facie . . . nobis. Cited Hort. CliiF. 

440. U. pUulifera L. var. Dodartii (L.). 

6. U. pilulifera facie Urtioae vulgaris . . . nobis. Sent from 

Bombay hy my Bro. Daniel du Bois 1700. TJ. pilulifera L. 

Distribiifio Quarta : De Plantis Monopetalis Tetraearpis 
Asperifoliis. 

Caput XL VIII. Borago. 

P. 437, 1. Borago hortensis, Ger. Cited Hort. Cliff. 44. Borago 
officinalis L., s.nA.flore albo. 

2. B. semper virens. Cited Sp. PI. 134. Anchusa semper- 

virens L. 

3. B. minor vema repens folio laevi, nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 135 

and Bot. Mag. t. 7. Cynoglossum Omphalodes L. = 
Omphalodes vema Moench. 

Caput XLIX. Buglossum. 

P. 438, 1. Buglossum perenne majus sativum, nobis. B. angustifol. 
majus flore albo C. B. P. 276 ; cf. Echium italicum L., 
teste W. B. Turrill. 
2. B. majus Syriacum buUatis foliis. . . . Anchusa strigosa 
Labill., teste W. B. Turrill. 

4. B. angustifolium minus, C. B. P., J. B. Cited Sp. PI. 133. 

A. angustifolia L. 

5. B. perenne minus puniceis floribus, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 

46. A. officinalis L. 
439, 7. B. minimum lignosius, nobis. Probably Iiithospermum 
fruticosum L. 

8. B. sylvestre asperum minus annuum . . . nobis. Cited Hort. 

Cliff. 44. Iiycopsis arvensis L. 

9. B. annuum sylvestre Creticum flore azureo, Zanon. Anchusa 

officinalis L., teste W. B. Turrill. 

10. B. annuum humile bullatis foliis, flore caeruleo et eleganter 

variegato, nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 138 for Lycopsis vanegata 
L. ; but the specimen, accordiiig to W. B. Turrill and 
Dr. Stapf, is Anchusa hybrida Tien. 

11. B. procumbens annuum pullo minimo flore, D. Moris. Cited 

Sp. PI. 138. Lycopsis vesicaria L. = Nonnea nigricans 
DC. = N. vesicaria Reichb. 
13. B. sylvestre cauliculis procumbentibus, fructu pedem anseri- 
num referente, nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 138. Asperugo 
procumbens L. 



160 PLANTARUM HISTORIAE OXONIENSIS 



Caput L. Echiniu. 

P. 440, 1. Bohium vulgare, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 43. Echium 
vulgare L. 

2. E. sylvestre hirsutum maculatum, C. B. P. Flowering spike 

only, ? a form of E. vnlgare L. 

3, E. majus at asperius flora albo, C. B. P. E. italiotun L. 
441, 6. E. ramosiua annuum flora suave rubente, nobis. From teeda 

collected by W. Sherard in Jersey. E. plantagineum L. 
8. E. Cretioum latifolium nibrum, C. B. P. Cf. E. cretioum L. 

Caput LI. Anchusa. 

P. 442, 1. Anchusa lutea major, C. B. P. Ouosma stellulatum 
W. &K. 
2. A. lutea minor, C. B. P. J. B. Lithoapermum apillum 
Vahl. 

Another sheet is probably Ouosma stellulatum W. & K. 
var. angustifolium (Lehm.). 

Caput LII. Consolida major sive Symphytum. 

P. 444, 1. Symphytum sive consolida major, C. B. P. Symphytum 
o£B.cinale L. 
2. S. majus tuberosa radice, C. B. P. S. tuberosum L. 

6. S. non maculosum sive Pulmonaria Americana . . . D. Pluk. 

Phyt. Cited Sp. PI. 185. Pulmonaria virginica L. = 
Mertensia pulmonaroides Roth = Pneumaria virginica 
HUl. 

8. S. maculosum sive Pulmonaria latifolia, C. B. P. Pulmo- 

naria officinalis L., and _^ore albo. 

9. Pulmonaria Batavica maxima foliis longioribus maculis 

majoribus conspersis. Leaves only, of a form of above. 
10. P. angustifolia rubente caeruleo flore, C. B. P. Cited Hort. 
Cliff, p. 44. P. angustifolia L. 

Caput LIIl. Cerinthe. 

P, 445, 1. Cerinthe sive Cynoglossum montanum majus, C. B. P. 

Cerinthe major L. 
446, 3. C. flore purpureo sive ex rubro purpurascente, C. B, P. 

C. minor L. var. maoulata (L.). 
5. C. minor annua, C. B. P. C. minor L. 

7. C. minor perennis Virginiana flore luteo. 'A J. Banister 

transmissa ' ; but the genus is not American ; the plant 
appears to be C. minor L. 



PABS III. SECT. XI 161 

Caput LIV. Ziitliospermam. 
P. 446, 1. Lithospermum erectum vulgare majue fiore ochroleuco, 

nobis. Lithospermum officinale L. 
447, 2. L. peremie procumbens flore purpurocaeruleo majore, nobis. 
Cited Hort. Cliff. 46. Ii. purpurocaeruleum L. 

3. L. latifolium Virginianum. . . No specimen. Cited Sp. PI. 

132 for L. virginianum L. = Onosmodium virginianum 
A. DC. 

4. L. Virginiense flore luteo. ... No specimen. Cited Sp. PI. 

134 for Anchusa virginiana L. 

5. L. latifolium umbellatum, Bocc. From Monte Pellegrino, 

Sicily, where it still grows. The name suggests Litho- 
spermum rosmarinifolium Ten. ; but the imperfect 
specimen is queried as L. arvense by W. B. Turrill. 

7. L. annuum album tetracarpon . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 

46. L. arvense L. 
9. L. annuum monocarpon spicatum Linariae folio, nobis. 
Stellera Passerina L. = Thymelaea arvensis Lam. (I. K.) 
= T. Passerina Lange. 

Caput LV. Cyuogloesum. 
P. 448, 1. Gynoglossum vulgare, C. B. P. Cynoglossum offici- 
nale L. 

Also a sheet of the white-flowered form from near 
Reading, the flrst record for Berks. 
2, C maximmn Belgicum, C. B. P. C. officinale L. 
4481, 5.. C. globose flore, C. B. P. ? C. officinale L. 

6. C, Creticum folio argenteo angusto, C. B. P. C, cheiri- 

folium L. 
1. C. fructu umbilicato, C. B. P. Cited DC. Prod. x. 148. 
C. Columnae Biv. 

8. C. semper virens, C. B. P. C. montanum L. ; also a form 

with variegated leaves. 

9. C. Virginianum virenti folio. . . . Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 189, 

and Ait. Hort. Kew. i. 286. Myosotis virginiana L. = 
M. virginica L. Sp. PI. ed. ii. 189 = Echinospennum 
virginicum Lehm. = Lappula virginiana (L.) Greene. 

10. C. hirsutum vineale minus flosculis minimis caeruleis, nobis. 

Cited Hort. Cliff. 46. Myosotis Lappula L. = Echino- 
spermum Lehm. = Lappula echinata Gilib. 

11. C. minus album Lini foliis glaucis . . . nobis. It was culti- 

vated in Hort. Ox. as early as 1648. Cited Sp. PI. 134. 
Cynoglossum linifolium L. = Omphalodeslinifblia Moench. 
450,12/ C. perenne maritimum procumbens . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 
136. Pulmonaria maritima L.=Mertensia mar. S. F. Gray 
=Pneumaria maritima Hill. 



162 PLANTAEUM HISTORIAE 0X0NIEN8IS 

Caput LVI. Ecliinm scorpioides sive Scorpinros. 

P. 450, 1. ScorpiuruB annuua arvenais hirsutus caeruleuB, nobis. Cited 

Hort. Cliff. 45. M. scorpioides L. (M. arvensis Auct.). 
451, 2. S. arvensis hirsutus flosculis minoribus luteolis, nobis. 
M. versicolor Sm. 

Linnaeus made confusion by including this and other 
distinct species in his M. scorpioides. 

3. S. humilis Virginianus foliisrutaceis. Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 231, 

for Polemonium ? Nyctelea L. = EUisia Nyctelea L. The 
specimen is not Ellisiahut appears to be Phacelia hirsuta, 
Nutt. (=P. parviflora Pursh I. K.). 

4. S. palustris perennis . . . nobis. Myosotis palustris Hill. 

Caput LVII. Heliotropinm. 

P. 451, 1. HeliotropiumAmericanumoaeruleumfoliisHormini, Dodart. 

H. iadicum L., confirmed by W. B. Turrill. 
452, 6. H. gnaphaloides litoreum fruticescens Americanum, D. Pluk. 

Phyt. 193. Tournefortia gnaphaloides Br., teste N. E. 

Brown. 

7. H. majus Dioscoridis, C. B. P. Heliotropium eTiropaevim L. 
10. H. minus supinum, C. B. P. H. supiniuu L. 

12. H. Curaasavicum foliis Lini umbilicati. Par. Bot. Prod. Cited 
Sp. PI. 130. H. curassavioum L. 

Sectio XII. De Plantis Multisiliquis Polyspermis 

& MULTICAPSULARIBUS. 

Distributio Prima : Plantae multisiliquae polyspermae. 

Caput I. Faeonia. 

P. 454, 1. Paeonia simplex latiore folio trifido, nobis. Leaf only. 
Cited DC. Syst. i. 388. Probably Paeonia corallina Retz, 
teste Dr. Stapf. 

3. P. promiscua "Vormarii folio latiore, J. B. No specimen. 

Cited DC. 1. c. 390 for P. peregrina Miller. 

4. P. folio subtus incano, flore albo vel pallido, C. B. P. P. pere- 

grina Miller, teste Dr. Stapf. 
6. P. communis vel foemina, C. B. P. Cited DC. 1. c. 389 for 
P. officinalis L. Leaf only. P. peregrina Miller, teste 
Dr. Stapf. 
455, 7. P. foemina altera, C. B. P. No specimen. Cited DC. 1. c. 
389 for P. officinalis L. 

8. P. tenuis laciniata, subtus pubescens flore purpureo, C. B. P. 

Cited DC. 1. c. 392, n. 9 for P. humilis Retz. The specimen 
is, teste Dr. Stapf, P. peregrina Miller. 



PARS III. SECT. XII 163 

11. P. ^eregrina flore sature rubente, C. B. P. No specimen. 
Cited Bot. Mag. t. 1050. P. peregrina Miller. 

13. P. foemina flore pleno rubro majore, C. B. P. Cited DC. 

1. c. 389. P. officinalis L. flwe pleno. 

14. P. foemina flore pleno minore, C. B. P. P. officinalis L., 

teste Dr. Stapf. 

15. P. flore pleno incarnato, Eyst. Cited DC. 1. c. 390. 

P. officinalis L., flore pleno. 

16. P. foemina flore albo pleno, C. B. P. P. officinalis L. flore 

pleno. 

17. P. flore pleno purpurascente papaverino. P. officinalis L., 

teste Dr. Stapf. 

Caput II. Fraxinella. 

P. 456. Fraxinella, Dod. Cited Hort. Cliif. 161. Dictamnus Fraxi- 
nella Pers. = D. alba L. 
Fraxinella niveo flore. D. Fraxinella Pers. fl^re albo = 
D. alba. L. 

Caput III. Aquilegia. 

P. 457, 1. Aquilegia sylvestris, C. B.P. Cited Hort. Clifi'. 215. Aqui- 
legia vulgaris L. 

3. A. montana magno flore, C. B. P. et 1 Prod. No specimen. 

Cited DC. Prod. 337. A. alpina L. 

4. A. praecox Canadensis, . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 534. A. cana- 

densis L. 
458, 5. A. montana parvo flore, Thalictri folio, C. B. P. 2 Prod. Leaf 
only. Cited Sp. PL 557 ? Isopyrum aquilegioldes L. 
(DC. refers it to Aquilegia pyrenaica). 
6. A. hortensis flore magno, C. B. P. Cited DC. Syst. 1. 334. 
A. vulgaris var. comiculata DC. 

8. A. hortensis flore inverse, C. B. P. No specimen. Cited DC. 

1. c. 335 for A. vulgaris var. inversa DC. 

9. A. flore roseo seu stellato simplioior et multiplicior, C. B. P. 

Cited DC. 1. c. A. vulgaris L. var. stellata DC. 
10. A. degener virescens, C. B. P. No specimen. Cited DC. 1. c. 
for A. vulgaris L. var. degener DC. 

Caput IV. Helleboms niger. 

P. 459* 1. Helleboms niger flore roseo, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 
227. HelleboruB uiger L. 
4. H. ranunculoides praecox tuberosus flore luteo, nobis. Cited 
Sp. PL 557. H. hyemalis L. = Eranthis Salisb. = Cam- 
marum hyemale Greene. 
H 2 



164 PLANTAHUM H18T0RIAE OXONIENSIS 

5. H. niger sylvestrisraniOBualatiore folio deciduo, nobis. Cited 

Hort. Cliff. 227. The specimen probably from Stoken- 
cliureh (first record for Oxon.). H. viridia L. var. oeci- 
dentalia Druce. 

6. H. niger ramosus angustifolius semper virens elatior, nobis. 

No specimen. Cited Hort. Cliff. 227. H. foetidus L. 
460, 7. H. niger trifoliatus Aldini, Muntingii. Cited Sp. PI. 558 for 
H. foetidus L. var. p, and by DC. Syst. 321 for H. lividus DC. 
The specimen is H. corsicus Willd., an identification 
confirmed by Bucknall and White. 

Caput V. Fsendo-Helle1)orus rauuucTiloides. 

P. 461, 1. Pseudo-helleboruB ranunculoides pratensis rotundifolius 
simplex, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 228. Calth.a palustris L. 
Also a sheet fiore pleno. 

2. P. ranunculoides luteus flore globoso, nobis. No specimen. 

Cited Hort. Cliff. 228. TroUius europaeus L. 

3. P. ranunculoides albus flore simplioi majore, nobis. No 

specimen. Cited DC. Syst. i. 240. Ranuncultis plata- 

nifolius L. 
4 Idem floribus plenis reperitur. E.. platanifoliua L. flore 

pleno. 
5. Aconitum Ranunculoides album flore simplici minore, nobis. 

Cited Hort. Cliff. 229. R. aoonitifoUus L. 

Caput VI. Aconitum. 

P.462, 1. A. lycoctonum luteum, C. B. P Cited Hort. Cliff. 213. 

Aconitiim Lycoctonum L. 
463, 2. A. luteum majus foliis amplioribus, Dod. Schol. Bot. Par. 

A. Iiycoctonum L. 

7. A. salutiferum luteum tenuifolium sive Anthora, nobis. Cited 

Sp. PI. 214. A. Anthora L. 

8. A. salutiferum elatius foliis atrovirentibus, flore majore 

Pyrenaicum, Schol. Bot. Par. A. Anthora L. 

9. A. caeruleum seu Napellua 1, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 

214. A. Napellus L. The specimen, teste Dr. Stapf, is 
A. Napellus L. {sensu lata) var. ' English ' Aconite, early 
flowering. 

10. A. violaceum seu Napellus 2, C. B. P. No specimen. Cited 

DC. Syst. i. 874. A. tauriciun Wulf. 

11. A. purpureum seu Napellus 3, C. B. P. Cited DC. Syst. 

1. c. 373. A. neubergense DC.=A. Napellus L. var. neuber- 
gense (DC). The specimen, ^este Dr. Stapf, is A. Napellus L. 
(sensu lato) nearest A. compactum. Eeichb. 

12. A. caerulea purpureo flore maximo sive Napellus 4, C. B. P. 

Cited DC. 1. c. 376. A. rostratum Bernh. = A. rariegatum 



PAKS III. SECT. XII 165 

L. var. rostratum (Bernh.). The plant, teste Dr. Stapf, is 
a weak state of A. ]!fapellus L. (sensu lata) possibly of 
A. neomontanum Wulf. (Cf. Gayer, Vorarb. 44.) 
464, 16. A. Lycoctonum flore caeruleo at albo variegato, Eyst. Cited 
Hort. Cliff. 214. A. variegatum L., teste Dr. Stapf. 
17. A. coma inflexa foliis angustioribus, C. B. P. No specimen. 
Cited DC. 1. c. 375. A. panioulatum. Lam. 

19. A. caeruleum glabrum flore Consolidae fetalis, C. B. P. 

Delphinium queried by Bucknall and White as D. flssum 
W. & K.=D. hybridum Steph. 
Another sheet is D. elatum L. 

20. A. caeruleum hirsutum flore Consolidae regalis, C. B. P. No 

specimen. Cited Hort. Cliff. 213. Delphinium elatum L. 

Caput VII. Staphis agria. 

P. 465. Staphis agria, C. B. P. No specimen. Cited Hort. Cliff. 
213. Delphinium Staphisagria L. DC. Syst. i. 363 
refers it to D. pictum Willd. 

Caput VIII. Cousolida regalis sive Delphinium. 

P. 486, 1. Consolida regalis arvensis, C. B. P. Cited DC. 1. c. 348. 
Delphinium Consolida L. 

2. C. regalis vulgaris flore multiplici, C. B. P. Cited DC. 1. c. 342. 

D. Ajacis L. 

3. C. regalis latifolia parvo flore, 0. B. P. et Prod. Cited Sp. PL 

531. D. peregrinum L. DC. 1. c. 347 refers it to 
D. cardiopetalum. 

5. C. regalis hortensis flore minore, C. B. P. Cited DC. 1. c. 344, 

n. 5. D. pubescens DC. 

6. C. regalis hortensis flore majore simplici, C. B. P. Cited DC. 

1. c. 342. D. Ajacis L. Several sheets, of various coloured 
double varieties, are included j see nos. 7 and 8. 

7. Huic adjicitur Consolida regalis hortensis elatior flore duplici 

versicolore, nobis. 

8. Consolida regalis elatior flore majore et multiplici, C. B. P. 

The specimens numbered 7 and 8 are garden double forms 
of D. Ajacia L. 

Caput IX. Telephium sive Crassula. 

P. 467, 1. Telephium vulgare, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 176. Ex- 
cellent specimen of Sedum Telephium L. ; the leaves are 
narrowed at base, i. e. var. purpureum L. 

468, 7. T. majus album foliis et caulibus purpureis. S. Telephium L. 
forma. 
8. T. luteum minus radice rosam redolente, nobis. Cited Sp. 
PI. 1035. Rhodiola rosea L.=:Sedum roseum Scop. 



166 PLANTAEUM HISTOEIAE OXONIENSIS 

Caput X. Planta Mxiltisilic[ua Folysperma. 

P. 468. Sedo affinis juncoides umbellata palustris, nobis. Cited Sp. 
PI. 372. Butomus umbellatus L, 

Caput XI. Sedum. 

P. 470, 1. Sedum majus arborescens, J. B. Cited Hort, Cliff. 178, 

Sempervivum arboreum L. 
2. S. roseum Canaricum latifolium . . . Sempervivrun tabulae- 
forme Haw., teste N. E. Brown. 
4. S. luteum murale spicatum folio umbilicato rotundo, nobis. 

Cited Sp. PI. 429. Cotyledon UmbiUcus-veneris var. 

tuberosa L. 
471, 5. S. luteum umbilicatum spicatum radice repente majus, nobis. 

Cited Sp. PI. 429. C. Umbilicus-veneris var. repens L. 
6. S. minus luteum folio acuto, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 176. 

Sedum reflexum L. 
9. S. minus luteum foliis acutis densius stipatis at caulibus 

rubescentibus, nobis. S. rupestre L., testibus Bucknall 

and White. 
10. S. minus lato et crasso caule Portlandicum Belgarum, H. L. B. 

A monstrous condition of S. rupestre L.,te?eN. E. Brown. 

12. S. parvum acre flora luteo, J. B. S. acre L. 

13. S. minimum luteum non acre, J. B. E Botan. Sicco Petireri. 

S. acre L., testibus Bucknall and White. 

14. S. montanum perpusillum luteum, Park. No specimen. Cited 

Sp. PI. 425 for Cherleria sedoides L. = Arenaria se- 
doides (L.) Druce. 
472, 18. S. majus vulgari simile, globulis decidentibus, nobis. Cited 
Sp. PI. 464 and Bot. Mag. t. 507. Sempervivum. globi- 
ferum L. 

22. S. Africanum umbellatum . . . D. Pluk. Phyt. Tab. 314. 

Fig. 3. Leaves only. Rochea jasminea DC, teste N. E. 
Brown. 

23. S. minus teretifolium album, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 177. 

Sedum. album L. 
473,33. S. Alpinum hirsutum lacteo flore, C. B. P. Androsaoe 
villosa L. 

34. S. minimum non acre flore albo, Rail. Seduna anglicum 

Huds. 

35. S. minus folio circinato, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. 431. S. dasy- 

phyllum L. 

36. S. echinatum vel stellatum flora albo, J. B. Chab. Suggested 

by Bucknall and White to be S. villosum L., but I doubt it. 

37. S. annuum album oblongo Portulacae minoris folio, nobis. 

Cited Sp. PI. 431. S. Cepaea L. 



PARS HI. SECT. XII 167 

474, 39. S. Africanum frutescens, Hort. Lugd. Bat. Leaves only. 
Cited Sp. PI. 429, and Bot. Mag. t. 321. Cotyledon orbicu- 
lata L. 
41. S. majus vulgare, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 179. Semper- 

vivTun tectorum L. 
44. S. montanum tomentosum, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 180. 
Sempervivum arachnoideum L. 
475, 48. S. palustre Bubhirsutum purpureum, C. B. P. Sedum 
villosum L. 

Also a sheet from Dr. Richardson ; /;( some moist places 
about the bridle icay betwixt Setle and the Hill Hinkelham, 
and alsoe as you ascend the Hill to the place where Chamae- 
morus (Rubus Chamaemorus) grows. 

49. S. stellatum annuum rotundifolium, nobis. S. stellatum L. 

50. S. annuum minimum stellatum rabrum, D. Magnol. Leafless 

specimen. S. steUatum L., testibus Bucknall and White. 
Another sheet from D. Nissole M. D. Monspel. is, testibus 
Bucknall and White, S. caespitosum DC. Prod. iii. 40-"i 
= Crassula Magnolii DC. Fl. Fr. Supp. 522 = Sedum 
MagnoUi (DC.) Bubani. 

Plantae Succulentae Bicornes. 
Caput XII. Sedum bicorne. 

[P. 476, 1. S. Saxifragae albae flore vel grandiflorum, C. B. P. Alpibus 

coUectum Fr. Gregorius Rhegiensis, Fab. Col. transmisit. 
This is the Gregoij of Reggio whose collection of 

Italian plants is preserved at the Oxford Botanic Grarden. 

It is dated 1606, and contains some of the earliest localized 

specimens extant.] 
477, 3. S. Alpinum flore pallido, C. B. P. No specimen. Cited Sp. 

PL 403 for SaxiCraga aizoides L. 

5. S. palustre luteum bicorne Nardi Celticae foliis, nobis. No 

specimen. Cited Sp. PI. 402 for S. Hiroulus L. 

6. S. angustifolium autumnale flore luteo guttato, nobis. Cited 

Sp. PI. 402. S. autumnalis L. = S. aizoides L. 

7. S. palustre luteum foliis subrotundis sessilibus, nobis. Cited 

Sp. PI. 398. Chrysosplenium oppositifolium L. 

8. S. palustre luteum majus foliis pediculis longis insidentibus. 

nobis. Cited Sp. PI, 398. C. altemifolium L. 

10. S. montanum serratum album . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 

167. Saxifraga rotundifolia L. 

11. S. montanum serratum rotundifolium album guttato flore, 

nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 168. S. umbrosa L. The 
specimen is S. Geum L. 



168 PLANTARUM HISTOEIAE OXONIENSIS 

478, 12. S. montanum rotundifolium minus album non guttatum, 
nobis. Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 575. S. Geum L. var. 

13. S. montanum hirsutum . . . floi-e albo guttato, nobis. Cited 
Sp. PI. 400. 8. stellaris L. 

lo. S. montanum bicorne glabrum, flore candido non guttato. 
S. nivalis L. 

16. S. bicorne sevratum aubrotundum . . . floribus punctatis, 

nobis. S. punctata L. 

17. S. bicorne serratum . . . floribus punctatis, nobis. Cited Sp. 

PI. 401 and in Ait. Hort. Kew. iii. 67. S. punctata L. 

18. S. montanum bicorne rotundifolium minus non serratum, 

Sherai'di. Sent by Sherard doubtless from Switzerland. 
S. cimeifolia L. 

19. S. serratum album bicorne breviori folio marginibus argenteis, 

nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 398 for S. Cotyledon L. The specimen 
is S. Aizoon Jaoquin. 

Another sheet with C. Bauhin's synonym C. media fol. 
oblongis serratis, is S. Cotyledon L. ; but the former ia 
Bobart's type. 

20. S. serratum album bicorne longiore folio marginibus argen- 

teis, nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 398. S. Cotyledon L. 

21. S. serratum album bicorne minus . . . nobis. 8. Aizoon Jaoq., 

confirmed by Dr. Stapf. 
479,28. S. bicorne album rotundifolium erectum radice granulosa, 

nobis. Cited Hort. CliflF. 167. 8. granulata L. 
24. S. . . . radice granulata et ad caulem tubercula proferenB, 

nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 408. 8. bulbifera L. 
25 S. Alpinum hispidum fere spinosum flore pallido, J. B. Chab, 

Cited Sp. PI. 402. 8. aspera L. 

26. S. Alpinum trifido folio, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. 405. 8. hyp- 

noides L. 

27. S. tridactylites Alpinum minus, C. B. P. S. hypnoides L., 

confirmed by Dr. Stapf. 

28. S. tridactylites Alpinum majus album, C. B. P. Cited Sp. 

PI. ed. ii. 578 for S. petraea L. The specimen is S. decipiens 
Ehrh. = 8. rosacea Moench, testihus W. B. Turrill and 
Dr. Stapf. 

30. S. tridactylites Alpinum caule folioso, C. B. P. 8 Prod. 

Dr. Stapf and W. B. Tunrill suggest cf. 8. capitata Lap. 
( = S. ajugaefolia x aquatica). 

31. S. tridactylites tectorum, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 168. 

8. tridactylites L. 
480, 82. S. Alpinum monanthos muscosum, nobis. No specimen. 
Cited Sp. PI. 399 for 8. caesia L. 
36. S. Alpinum ericoides purpurascens, C. B. P. et Prod. Cited 
Sp. PI. 402. 8. oppositifolia L. 



fAKS III. SKCT. XII 169 

3. S. Alpinum hirsutum luteum, C. B. P. Draba aizoides L., 

teste Dr. Stapf. 

481, 5. S. alterum ejusdem 2. Cited Bot. Mag. t. 868. Androaaoe 

lactea L. 
6. S. Siculum maritimum vermiculatum . . . Boec. Cited Sp, 
PI. ed. ii. 754. Beaumuria vermieulata L. 

Plantae Bicornes Polyspermae. 
Caput XIII. G-entiaua minor. 

481, 1. Gentianella autumalis Centaurii minoris folio, Park. Mixed 
specimens of Gentiana oampestris L. and G. Ama- 
rella L. 

482, 2. Gr. brevi folio, C. B. P. from S. Dale. Also mixed specimen 

of G. Amarella and G. caxapestris L. 
9. G. Alpina verna minor, C. B. P. G. verna L. 

10. G. angustifolia autumalis minus iloribus ad latera pilosis, 

C. B. P. G. ciliata L. 

11. Gentiana palustris latifolia flore punctate, C. B. P. Cited 

Hort. Cliff. 53. Swrertia perennis L. 
483, 12. G. palustris angustifolia, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 3. The 
specimen perhaps from Berkshire county, for which this 
is the first record. G. Pneumonanthe L. 

13. G. minima verna flore caeruleo, Eyst. G. verna L. 

14. G. 5. sive Gentianella verna major, Clus. Cited Hort. Cliff. 81 . 

G. acaulis L. sens. lat. 
16. G. cruciata, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. «1. G. Cruciata L. 

Caput XIV. Gentiana major. 

P. 484, 1. G. major lutea, C. B. P. No specimen. Cited Hort. Cliff! 
80. G. lutea L. 
2. G. major florepunctato, C.B. P. Leaf only? G. punctata L. 

4. G. Virginiana Saponariae foHo, flore caeruleo longiore. Cited- 

Sp. PI. 228 and Bot. Mag. t. 1039. G. Saponaria L. 

5. G. Asclepiadis folio, C. B. P. G. aaclepiadea L. 

CAPtrr XV. Helleboros albns. 

P. 485, 1. Helleborus albus flore subviridi, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff'. 
468. "Veratrum album L. 
2. H. albus flore atrorubente, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. 1044 and 
Bot. Mag. t. 963. V. nigrum L. 



170 PLANTARUM HISTORIAE OXONIENSIS 

Bistrihiitio Secunda : Plantae Multicapsulares 
Polyspermae. 

Caput XVI. Helleboriue. 

P. 486, 1. Helleboriue latifolia montana, C. B. P., represented by 
Helleborine latifolia Druce agg. and H. media Druce. 
487, 2. H. altera atrorubente flore, C. B. P. Park. H. latifolia agg. 
Probably H. media Druce (not H. atrorubens Druce). 
5. H. montana angustifolia purpurascens, C. B. P. Cepha- 

lanthera rubra Rich. 
8. H. palustris seu pratensis nostras, radice repents. Cited 
Sp. PI. ed. ii. 1345 for Serapias longifolia L. var. y. The 
specimen is Helleborine palustris Schrank. 
488, 12. H. flore albo vel Damasonium montanum latifolium. Pro- 
bably from Stokenchurch, Oxen, -where Bobart discovered 
it. Cephalanthera grandiflora S. P. Gray = C. Dama- 
sonium (Mill.) Druce. 

13. H. palustris angustifolia flore albo, Sherardi. Helleborine 

flore albo. This is the same plant Mr. Nuton [Newton] 
mistooke and called He! ehorine foliis praelongis angiistissimis 
R.S.M. The plant is, however, Cephalanthera ensifolia 
Rich. = C. longifolia Fritseh. 

Sherard first discovered it at Ballynahinch in Galway, 
and his specimen is on a second sheet. 

14. H. flore rotundo sive Calceolus, C. B. P. Doubtless the 

Helkwood, Yorkshire, specimen of Cypripedium Cal- 
ceolus L. 

15. H. Virginiana sive Calceolus flore luteo majore. ' A D. 

Banister, e Virginia.' Cited Sp. PI. 951. C. Calceolus 
L. var. 3 = C. pubescens Willd.=C. Mrsutum Mill. 

16. H. Virginiana diphylla sive Calceolus . . . nobis. Cited Sp. 

PI. 951 (for f. 15) Arethusa ophioglossoides L. = Pogonia 
ophioglossoides Ker-Gawl ; see Bot. Reg. t. 148. 

17. H. flore majore purpureo sive Calceolus Marianus hirsutior 

. . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 951. Cypripedium Calceolus L. 
var. 7= Cypripedium spectabile Salisb. = C.Eeginae Walt. 

Caput XVII. Bifolium sive Ophris. 

P. 489, 1. Bifolium majus vulgare, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 429. 
Ophrys ovata L. = Iiistera ovata Br. 
2. B. palustre. Park. Bobart quotes as localities (Jamlingay, 
Cambs. ; St. Albans, Herts. ; and Kent. Malaxis palu- 
dosa Sw. 



PARS III. SECT. Xll 171 

Caput XVIII. Orchis 

P. 491, 9. O. barbata odore hirci, breviore latioreque folio, C. B. P. 
Cited Sp. PI. 944. Satyrium hircinum L. = OroMs hircina 
Crantz. 

11. 0. sive Satyrium e Guinea delatum Swertii, C. B. P. No 
specimen. Cited Bot. Mag. t. 961 for Haemanthus multi- 
florus Martyn. 
492,20. 0. militaris pratensis humilior, C. B. P. 0. imsilla alba 
odorata, radice palmata B. Syn. 339. O. ustulata L. 

Another sheet Cynosorchis Panoiiica 4 Clus. has a flower- 
ing stem of 0. pyramidalis L., but Bobart's description 
clearly refers to O. ustulata. 
21. O. globosa flora, C. B. P. O. globosa L. 

There is here a sheet of MS., with drawing and descrip- 
tion of Lathraea Squamaria and Herminium. 

Caput XIX. (Orchis, continued.) 

P. 493, 2. 0. anthropophora foliis angustioribus, spica longiore et 
tenuiore, nobis. Bobart's species includes a number of 
species belonging to different genera. 

The sheet bears a specimen, probably from Oxon, of 
O. simia Lam. ; and another of O. ustulata L. The 
Essex locality Dalington, a misprint for Balingdon, refers 
to Aceras anthropophora. The Henley locality is for 
0. militaris. 
494, 5. 0. galea et alls fere cinereis, J. B. O. militaris L. Bobart 
thus describes its distribution at that time : 'in tota montium 
catena intra pagum Stoken-church dictum, Henley et 
Beadingam, non raro occurrit. In latomia vetusta ultra 
Hinksey haud longe ab Oxonio etiam reperitur.' The 
specimens in both counties still occurring can now be 
counted on one's fingers. 

7. 0. melitias J. B. Ophrys aranifera Huds. = 0. sphegodes 

Mill. 

8. 0. fuscum referens major foliolis superioribus candidis et 

purpurascentibus, C. B. P. Ophrys apifera Huda. 
495, 13. 0. Muscae corpus referens minor, C. B. P. The specimen is 
on sheet 494, 7. O. muscifera Huds. 
18. 0. alba caJcari oblongo, J. B. Habenaria chlorantha Bab.= 

H. vireseens Druce ; also H. bifolia Br. 
20. 0. montana Italica flore ferrugineo, lingua oblonga, C. B. P. 
Serapias Iiingua L. 

Caput XX, Triorchis & Monorchis. 

P. 496, 2. Triorchis alba odorata minor, C. B. P. Spiranthea 
spiralis C. Koch. 



172 PLANTABUM HISTOKIAE OXONIENSIS 

497, 7. 0. odorata moachata sive Monorchia, C. B. P. Found by 
Bobart near Stokenchurch and.Caversham, Oxon. Eenui- 
nium Monorchia Br. 

Caput XXI. Orchis palmata. 

P. 498, 1. Orchis palmata pratensis latifolia longis calcaribus 1. 

C. B. P. O. latifolia L. sens. lat. 

5. 0. . . . pratensis maculata 3. C. B. P. O. maculata L. 
499, 11. O. . . . Ophrios flore viridi, nobis. Habenaria viridis Br. 

14. 0. . . . rubella cum longis calcaribus rubellis, J. B. Habe- 

naria conopsea Benth. = H. Gyionadeuia Druce. 

15. 0. . . . elegans lutea Virginiana cum longis calcaribus luteis. 

Cited Sp. PI. 939. Orchis ciliaris L. = Habenaria ci- 
liaris Br. 
17. 0. . . . angustifolia Alpina nigro flore 21. C. B. P. Habe- 
naria nigra Br. 

Caput XXII. Pseudo-orchis. 

P. 500, 1. Pseudo-orchis bulbosa lilifolia palustris . . . nobis. Cited 
Hort. Cliff. 429. Ijiparis Iioeselii Rich. 

Also a sheet labelled Orchis palmata, D. Lloyd. Habe- 
naria albida Br. 

Caput XXIII. Orobanche. 

P. 502, 1. Orobanche major Garyophyllum olens, C. B. P. Cited 
Hort. Cliff. 321. Orobanche Bapum-genistae Thuill. 

2. 0. major flore, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. 632. O. laevis L. 

3. 0. flore majore ex caeruleo purpurascente, C. B. P. et Prod. 

No specimen. Cited Sp. PI. 606 (f. 15). Lathraea 
Clandestina Sw. 

4. 0. Monspeliaca floribus oblongis, C. B. P. liimodorum 

abortivum Sw. 

5. 0. monanthos Virginiana flore majore pentapetalo. No 

specimen. Cited Sp. PI. 387 for Monotropa uniflora L. 

6. 0. elegantissima flore luteo vema, Gab. A drawing, and 

a carbon-impression marked D. Toum. e Portugalia. 

D. Sherard. Cited Sp. PI. 606. Lathraea Phelypaea L. 
= Phelypaea tinctoria Walp.=Cistanche lutea Hoffmg. 
& Link = Cistanche Phelypaea (L.). 

8. 0. ramosa, C. B. P. Orobanche ramosa L. 

9. 0. minor Virginiana lignosior per totum caulem floribus 

minoribus onusta. J. Banister. Cited Sp. PI. 633. 
O. virginiana L. = Epifagus americanus Nutt. = E. vir- 
ginianus Bart. 



PARS III. SECT. XII 178 

503, 10. 0. Virginiana flore ampliore pentapetalo cernuo, D. Banister. 
Monotropa uniflora L. 

14. 0. radice dentata altiua radicata . . . Mentz. No specimen. 

Cited Sp. PI. 606 for Lathraea Squamaria L. 

15. 0. Beu Dentaria aphyllos purpurea cespite denso, Raii. No 

specimen. Cited Bot. Mag. 7106. Lathraea Clande- 
stina L. 

18. 0. radice e fibris compacta major, flore obsoleto, nobis. 

Found by Bobart at Stokenohuroh Oxon. Neottia Nidus 
avis Rich. 

Also a specimen from Dr. Richardson found where the 
Calciolus Mariae [Cypripedium Calceolus] grotvs about the 
beginning of July 1713. I have now and then found a single 
plant of it nigh my otcn house [Bierley, Torks.]. 

19. 0. i-adice compacta major flore violaceo, nobis. No specimen. 

' In agro Hantoniensi prope Alton oppidum invenit D. Good- 
yer.' This is usually referred to Limodoruni aboriivum 
Sw., but Goodyer's plant (of which no specimen is known 
to exist) was probably Helleborine purjmrata Druce. 
fi04, 20. 0. flore breviore duplici Verbasculi odore. Found by Bobart 
at Stokenchurch, but already recorded by Dr. Plot (Nat. 
Hist. Oxf. 1677) ; Bobart cannot be excused for ignoring 
Plot's records of this and other plants, although Bobart 
says he had noticed it for twenty-six years. Hypopitys 
Monotropa Crantz. 
23. 0. Virginiana radice coralloide summo caule foliis subro- 
tuncSs. Drawing only. Cited Sp. PI. 632. Obolaria 
virginica L. 



Caput XXIV. Pyrola. 

P. 504, 1. Pyrola rotundifolia major, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliflf. 162. 
Pyrola rotundifolia L. Mixed specimens including 
P. minor L. 
506,2. P. rotundifolia minor singulari flore ampliore, nobis. No 
specimen. Cited Sp. PI. 397 for P. uniflora L. = M:oneseB 
uniflora A. Gray. 
3. P. rotundifolia palustris nostras flore unico ampliore, nobis. 

Cited Hort. Clifi'. 113. Parnassia palustris L. 
6. P. Alsines flore Europea, C. B. P. et Prod. Trientalis euro- 
paea L. 

Cargill sent Caspar Bauhin a specimen from Scotland ; 
this specimen probably came from Yorkshire. 
8. P. affinis Virginiana repens fruticosa . . . D, Pluk. lipigaea 
repens L. 



174 PLANTAEUM HISTOBIAE OXONIENSIS 



Caput XXV. Ficoides. 

P. 506, 1. Ficoides sive Ficus aizoides Africana . . . D. Herman. No 
specimen. Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 695 for Mesembryanthemum 
edule L. A bad drawing only. 
607, 3. F. Africana minor erecta folio triangulari glauco, flora luteo, 
Herman. Cited Sp. PI. 486. M. glauoum L. 

4. F. Africana minor erecta triangulari folio viridi . . . Herman. 

No specimen. Cited Sp. PL 485 for M. bioolor L. 

5. F. Africana minor procumbens folio tereti . . . Herman. 

M. violaoeum DC, teste N. E. Brown. 

6. F. Africana minor procumbens folio tenuiori viridi . . . 

Hermanni. Cited Sp. PL 484. M. tenuifolium L. 

7. F. Africana erectior et fruticosior . . . flore albo. M. lunbel- 

latum. L., teste N. B. Brown. 

8. F. procumbens Neapolitana minor flore albo, nobis. M. geni- 

oiiliflorum L., teste N. E. Brown. 

9. F. minor Canariensis teretifolia, micis argenteis aspersa . . . 

M. micans L., teste N. E. Brown. 
608, 13. F. Africana major annua, . . . nobis. M. pomeridianiun L., 
teste N. E. Brown. 

Caput XXVI. Aristolochia. 

P. 509, 1. Aristolochia rotunda flore ex purpureo nigro, C. B. P. 

Aristolochia rotunda L. 
3. A. longa vera, C. B. P. A. longa L. 
5. A. clematitis recta, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 432. 

A. Clesaatitis L. 
7. A. Mexicana folio acutiore, nobis. No specimen. Cited Sp. 

PL ed. ii. 1362 for A. anguloida Jacq. 
9. A. clematitis Indica . . . Hort. Mai. part. 8, p. 49. A. indica L. 
510, 10. A. Madraspatana folio cordato longius producto. A. bra- 

cteata Betz. 

11. A longa foliis angustis auriculatis, nobis. Cited Sp. PL 

ed. ii. 1363. A. maurorum L. 

12. A. polyrrhizos, J. B. No specimen. Cited Hort. Cliff. 488. 

A. Pistolochia L. 

13. A. Mexicana 3. A. bracteata Retz. teste W. B. Turrill. 

14. A. polyrrhizos Virginiana . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PL 962, 

A. Serpentaria L. 

15. A. Violae fructicosae foliis Virginiana . . . D. Pluk. ?A. Ser- 

pentaria L. 

16. Pistolochia Cretica, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PL 961. A. aemper- 

virens L. 



PARS HI. SECT. XII 175 



Caput XXVII. Asanim. 

P. 511, 1. Asarum vulgare rotundifolium, nobis. Asarura euro- 
paeiua L. 

2. A. Canadense mucronato folio, nobis. No specimen. Cited 

Sp. PI. 442 (fig. 4) for A. canadense L. 

3. A. Virginianum folio cordato Cyclaminis more maculate, 

nobis. The great Rattle Snake t-oot of Virginia, a rare 
Cordiall, Mr. Willis 1676. Cited Sp. PI. 442. A. virgini- 
cum L. 

Caput XXVIII. Nymphaea. 

P. 512, 1. Nymphaea lutea major, C. B. P. Leaf only. Cited DC. 
Syst. ii. 60. Nymphaea lutea L. 

2. N. lutea minor flore fimbriato, C. B. P. J. B. Nymphoidea 

peltatiun Kuntze. 
513, 3. N. minima Indica flore flavo, Hort. Mai. Part 11, p. 57. 
Leaves only. Limnanthemum aurantiacum Dalz. = Nym- 
phoides aurantiaciun (Dalz.) Kuntze. 

4. N. alba major, C. B. P. Cited DC. Syst. ii. 56. CastaUa 

alba Wood. 

7. N. Aegyptiaca alba folio crenato, radice tuberosa, nobis. No 

specimen. Cited DC. 1. c. p. 58. Nymphaea Lotus L. 
= Castalia Ijotus Tratt. 

8. N. Malabarica alba erenatis foliis . . . Ambel Hort. Mai. 

Part. 11, p. 51. Cited DC. 1. c. 52. Nymphaea pubescens 
Willd. = C. Lotus Tratt. var. pubescens (Blume). 
10. N. flore minimo tripetalo albo, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 460. 
Hydrocharis Morsus-ranae L. 

Caput XXIX. Nymphaeae a£Siiis. 

514, 2. Nymphaeae affinis glandifera Virginiana . . . flore luteo pleno. 
No specimen. Cited Sp. PI. 511 for Nymphaea Nelumbo 
L. var. ^ = Nelumbium speciosum Willd. 

3. N. . . . Malabarica . . . flore amplo rosaceo albicante, Tamara, 

Hort. Mai. Part. 11, p. 59. No specimen. Cited DC. Syst. 
ii. 45. N. speciosum Willd. 

Caput XXX. Nigella sive MelautMum. 

P. 615, 1. Nigella arvensis comuta, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 215, 
and DC. Syst. i. 329. Kigella arvensis L., testibus Buck- 
nail and White. 
2. N. Cretica, C. B. P. Cited DC. 1. c. 331. N". sativa L. var, 
cretica DC. 



176 PLANTARUM HISTOEIAE OXONIENSIS 

4. N. flore minore simplici candido, C. B. P. Cited DC. 1. c. 330. 
N. aativa L. 
616, 5. N. flore minore pleno et albo, C. B. P. Cited DC. 1. c. 331. 
If. sativa var. citriaa DC. 

6. N. Cretica folio Foeniculi, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. 425 for 

Garidella nigellastrum L. = Nigella Garidella Spenn. = 
N. Nigellastrum Willk. 

7. N. Eomana sativa floribus foliosis, Park. Cited DC. 1. c. 332. 

]!ir. damascena L. 

8. N. Romana flore folioso pleno caeruleo, nobis. N. dama- 

scena L. 

9. N. latifolia flore majore simplici caeruleo, C. B. P. No 

specimen. Cited Sp. PL 534 (fig. 8) for N. hlspanica L. 
10. N. Chalepensis lutea comiculis longioribus. Sent by Mr. 
Huntington from Aleppo. Cited Sp. PI. 534, and Ait. 
Hort. Kew. iii. 327. M". orientalis L. 

Caput XXXI, Gossipium herba sive Xylon. 

P. 517, 1. Gossipium berba semine albo, nobis. Probably Oossy- 
pium herbaceum. L. 
3. G. Indicum spinosum, Park. Cited Hort. Cliff. 350. O. her- 
baceum L. 

Caput XXXII. Meliauthus Africanus. 

P. 517, 1. Meliantbus Africanus Pimpinellae foliis . . . Cited Hort. 

Clifi'. 493. Melianthus m.ajor L. 
518, 2. M. Africanus minor foliis viridantibus. Leaves only. Cited 
Hort. Cliff'. 493. M. minor L. 



Sectio XIII. De Plantis Baccifeeis. 

Bistrihutio Prima : Plantae Bacciferae Polyspermae. 

Caput I. Solanum polycoccon. 

P. 520, I. Solanum vulgare, Park. Solanum nigrum L. 

2. S. baccis rubris phoeniceieve, caulibus modice spinosis. 

S. miniatum Bernh. 

3. S. annuum hirsutius baccis luteis. S. nigrum. L. var. 

5. S. vulgari simile Africanum . . . Par. Bat. Prod. W. B. 

Turrill suggests cf. S. nigrum Jj. forma. 
1. S. pomiferum fructu rotundo moUi, C. B. P. Cited Hort. 

Cliff. 60. S. Lycopersicon L. =Iiycopersicum eaculentum 

HUl. 

521, 11. S. maxime tomentosum spinis . . . D. Pluk. S. verbasol- 
folium L. 



rAKo 111, aijK,!, XIII 177 

13. S. tomentosum Canariense spinosum . . D. Pluk. Phyt. tab. 

316, f. 3. S. Vespertilio Ait., teste W. B. Turrill. 

14. S. annuum nigricans Virginianum . . . D. Pluk. 1. c. 62, f. 3. 

S. xanthooarpum Schrad. & Wendl., testibus W. B. Turrill 
and Dr. Stapf. 

15. S. pomiferum frutescens Africanum . . . Herm. Cited Sp. PI. 

188. S. sodomaeum L. 

17. S. Americanum perenne subincanum . . . D. Pluk. S. indi- 

cum L., teste W. B. Turrill. 

18. S. incanum Chinense . . . D. Pluk. S. indicum. L., teste 

Dr. Stapf. 

19. S. tuberosum 'esculentum, C. B. P. No specimen. Cited 

Hort. Cliff. 60. S. tuberosum L. 
522, 21. S. Americanum Strychnodendro accedens . . . D. Pluk. Phyt. 
Cited Ait. Hort. Eew. i. 397. S. diphyUum L., teste 
W. B. Turrill. 

22. S. Virginianum rubrum maximum . . . nobis. Cited Hort. 

Cliff. 177. Phytolacca decandra L. 

23. S. Barbadiense racemosum minus . . . D. Pluk. Pbyt. Kivina 

humilis L. 

Caput II. Solauum mouocarpon fructu uado. 

P. 524, 1. S. pomiferum fructu oblongo, C. B. P. Solanum Melon- 
gena L. 

3. S. Indicum fructu longissimo eduli . . . Bontii. W. B. Turrill 
suggests possibly S. Melongena L. 

6. S. spinosum fructu rotundo, C. B. P. S. Melongena L., 

(upper specimen only) teste W. B. Turrill. 

7. S. Indicum pomiferum fructu parvo rotundo corallinorubro. 

Leaves only. W. B. Turrill and Dr. Stapf suggest cf. 
S. indictun or S. barbisetxim Nees. 

525, 9. S. spinosum maxima tomentosum, Bocc. W. B. Turrill 
suggests possibly S. Melongena L. 

U.S. Barbadiense spinosum . . . D. Pluk. Phyt. Leaf only : from 
Badminton, the Duchess of Beaufort's Garden. Cited Ait. 
Hort. Kew. i. 402. S. mamznosum L. 

12. S. pomiferum Indicum . . . nobis. S, ferox L., teste W. B. 

Turrill. 

13. S, spinosum atrovirens . . . D. Pluk. Phyt. Leaf only. Cf- 

S. barbisetum Nees or indicum L., testibus W. B. Turrill 
and Dr. Stapf. 

14. S. pomiferum fructu rotundo striato duro, C, B. P. S. aethio- 

picum L. 

15. S. fruticosum bacciferum, C. B. P, S. Pseudo-capsicum L. 

127< N 



178 PLANTARUM HISTORIAE OXONIENSIS 

526, 16. S. vesicarium vulgatius repens . . . nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 
526. Phyaalis Alkekengi L. 
17. S. vesicarium radice crassa Mexicanum . . . Recchi, 203. No 
specimen. Cited by Dunal in DC. Prod. xiii. 440 for 
P. peruviana L. 

20. S. somniferum verticillatum,0. B. P. Physalis somnifera L. = 

Withania somnifera Dun. 

21. S. vesicarium verticillatum . . . Mexicanum, Recchi. Wi- 

thania somnifera Dun., teste Dr. Stapf. 

22. S. vesicarium Indicum erectum folio leni, annuum, nobis. 

Cited Hort. Cliff. 62. Physalis angulata L. Dunal (1. c), 
p. 448, cites it for P. Linkiana Nees, which is treated as 
synonymous in Ind. Kew. 
527, 24. S. vesicarium Virginianum procumbens annuum . . . nobis. 
No specimen. Cited Sp. PI. 183. P. putaeseens L. 

25. S. vesicarium Indicum minimum . . . Hort. Lugd. Bat. No 

specimen. Cited Hort. Cliff. 62. P. minima L. 

26. S. vesicarium Currassavicum . . . Par. Cited Sp. PI. 182. 

P. ourassavica L. 

27. S. vesicarium Americanum caule quadrangulo . . . Recchi, 

295. No specimen. P. an^ulata L., see DC. Prod. xiii. 
449. 

Caput III. Solanum urens Capsicum dictum. 

P. 528, 1. Solanum urens Capsicum dictum . . . C. B. P. Capsicum 

annuum L. 
529, 3. Capsicum sive Piper Indicum oblongum minus 3, Recchi. 
C. frutescens L. 
4. C. sive Piper Indicum siliqua longa gracili Corallii coloris, 
Recchi. Capsiciun frutescens L., teste W. B. Turrill. 
13. C. siliqua olivari, C. B. P. C. conicum Mey. var. orientals 
Dunal, teste W. B. Turrill. 
530,32. C. sive Piper Barbadiense fructu Berberidis acerrimo. Hair 
Pepper, Barhadoes. Solanum nodiflorum Jacq., teste 
W. B. Turrill, but Bobart says the berries are red. 

Caput IV. Solanis affiues. 

P. 531, 1. Mandragora fructu majore, C. B. P. Mandragora offici- 

narum L. 
532, 2. M. fructu rotundo minore, nobis. Leaves only M. ofifioi- 
narum L. ? M. microcarpa Bert. 
4. Solano congener flore campanulato vulgatius latioribus 
foliis, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 57. Atropa Belladonna L. 
6. S. congener non ramosum tetraphyllum, nobis. Cited Hort, 
Cliff. 153. Paris quadrifolia L. 



PARS III. SfiUX. XIII 179 

7. S. congener triphyllum Canadense. Cited Bot. Mag. t. 1027. 

TriUium erectum L. 

8. S. congener triphyllum Virginianum flore atropurpureo . . . 

Cat. D. Banister. Trillium erectum L. 
633,10. S. congener monopliyllvim aut diphyllum Aconiti folio, flore 
albo. Cited Hort. Cliff. 202. Podophyllum peltatum L. 
A long MS. description is attached. 

11. Coilophyllum Virginianum breviore folio, flore purpurascente, 

nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 510. Sarraoenia purpurea L. 

12. C. Virginianum longiore folio erecto, flore luteolo. Cited 

Sp. PI. 510. S. flava L. 

Baeeiferae Tripyrenae. 
Caput V. Ebalus sive Sambucns & Fericlymeuum. 

P. 534, 1. Ebulus sive Sambucus herbacea vulgaris repens, nobis. 

Sambucus Sbulus L. 
535, 2. S. humilis sive Ebulus foliis laciniatis, C. B. P. S. Ebulus L. 

f. laciniata. 
4. Periclymeno accedens planta monanthos nostras, nobis. No 

specimen. Comus sueeioa L. 

6. P. accedens planta utriusque Indiae . . . nobis. No specimen. 

Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 245 for Psychotria herbacea Jacq. = 
Geophila reniformis D. Don = Q. herbacea (Jacq.). 

7. P. accedens planta Brasiliensis floribus congestis rubris. No 

specimen. Cited Hort. Cliff. 319. Iiantana Camara L. 

There is a sheet here labelled Periclymenum sei/lanicum 
herbacetim foliis variegatis diversicoloribus maculis omatis 
P. B. P. GraptophyUum hortense Nees, teste Dr. Stapf. 

8. P. affinis planta Virginiana floribus ochroleucis. Cited Hort. 

Cliff. 57. Triosteum perfoliatum L. 

Baeeiferae Polypyrenae. 
Caput VI. Folygonatum seu Sigillum Solomouis. 

P. 537, 1. Polygonatum latifolium vulgare, C. B.P. Found by Bobart 
in Berks and Hants. Polygonatiun multifloram All. 
2. P. majus vulgari simile, J. B. P. multiflorum All. 
4. P. latifolium flore majore odoro, C. B. P. P. officinale All. 
= P. odoratum (Mill.) Druce. 

6. P. latifolium EUebori albi foliis, C. B. P. P. officinale All.= 

P. odoratum Druce. 

7. P. Virginianum erectum spicatum . . . fertile, nobis. Cited 

Sp. PI. 316 and Bot. Mag. 1. 1043. Convallaria stellata L. = 
Vagnera stellata Morong. 
N 2 



180 PLANTARUM HISTORIAE OXOKIENSIS 

8. P. Virginianum . . . flore stellato sterile, nobis. Smilacina 
stellata Desf. = Vagnera stellata Morong. 

Also a sheet, P. ntcemosum Atnericanum ellehori albifoUis 
amplissimis Pluk, Tab. 311. n. 2. Smilacina racemosa 
Desf. = Vagnera racemosa Morong. 
11. P. latifolium ramosum, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. 304. Uvularia 
amplexifolia L. = Streptopus distortus Michx. = S. amplexi- 
folius DC. 
638, 12. P. ramosum flore luteo majus Cornuti, Park. Cited Sp. PI. 
304. Uvularia perfoliata L. 

13. P. ramosum flore luteo minus, Cornuti. U. perfoliata L. 

14. P. angnstifolium uon ramosum, C. B. P. Cited Hort. Cliff. 

125. Convallaria verticillata L. = Polygonatum verti- 
cillatum All. 

Caput YII. Lilium convallium & MonophyUnm. 

P. 539, 1. Lilium convallium vulgo, J. B. Cited Hort. Cliff. 124. 
Convallaria majalis L. 

2. L. convallium floribus rubentibus, C. B. P. J. B. C. ma- 

jalis L. forma rubra. 

3. L. convallium angnstifolium. From Westmoreland. C. ma- 

jalis L. ; a form with narrow leaves, 

7. L. convallium minus, C. B, P. Unifolium Dod. Cited Hort. 

Cliff. 125. Convallaria bifolia L. = Maianthemum bif. = 
Unifolium bifoliiun 0. Kuntze. 

Bacciferae Sempervir antes. 

Caput VIII. Ruscus sive Bruscus, &c. 

P. 540, 1. Ruscus, Matth. Found by Bobart in Oxon and Berks. 
B.USCUS aculeatus L. 
2. Laurus Alexandrina folii medio ligula insidente, nobis. 
R. Hypoglossum. L. 
541, 3. L. Alexandrina fructu folio insidente, C. B. P. R. Hypo- 
phyllum L. 

Also a sheet L. Alexandrina latifolia florihiis margiiiihus 
foliorum innascentihus. Semele androgyna Kunth. 

Bacciferae perennes foliis deciduis. 

Caput IX. Arum & Dracontinm. 

P, 543: 1. Arum vulgare maculatum et non maculatum. Cited Hort. 
Cliff. 434. Arum maculatum L. 

8. A. venis albis, C. B. P. A. italicum Mill. 



J-AXVO iii. Oiavjx. XIII 181 

6. A. Orientale majus Dracontii flore maculate. Sent from 

Aleppo by the Rev. D. D. Huntington. A. spectabile 
Schott (merged into A. Dioscoridis Sibth. & Sm., in Ind. 
Kew.), teste N. E. Brown. 

7. Arum Orientale minus flore maculato. A. spectabile Schott, 

teste N. E. Brown. 

544, 10. A. Aegyptiacum flore albo Moschum redolente, Hort. Lugd. 
Bat. Zantedeschia aethiopica Sprang. = Richardia afri- 
cana Kunth (I. E.), teste N. E. Brown. 

15. A. humile sive Arisarum latifolium majus, C. B. P. Cited 
Hort. Clifi'. 435. Arum Arisarum L.= Arisarum vulgare 
Targ. Toz. 

17. Arisarum Indicum cum pistillo rubro, . . . Hort. Mai. Leaves 
only. Alocasia sp. From Fort St. George. This is not 
the plant figured in Hort. Malabar. Vol. xi. 33, fig. 16, as 
quoted by Morison, N. E. Brown. 

545,21. A. angustifolium Dioscoridis forte C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. 
967. Arum tenuifolium L.=Biaruintenuifoliuia Schott. 

23. Dracuneulus palustris radice arundinacea, C. B. P. Cited 
Hort. Clifi'. 436. Calla palustris L. 

546, 31. Arum maximum Aegyptiacum quod vulgo Colocasia, C. B. P. 
Leaves only. Cited Hort. Cliff. 435. Arum Colocasia L. == 
Colocasia antiquorum Schott. 

35. A. palustre Malabarieum . . . Hort. Mai. Colocasia anti- 
quorum Schott. With it Limnophyton obtusifolitun 
Miq., teste N. E. Brown. 
547, 42. A. triphyllum sive Serpentaria triphylla Brasiliana, C. B. P. 
Leaf only. Typhonium trilotaatum Schott. ' An Indian 
plant, not Brasil.' N. E. Brown. There is also a carbon 
impression of the same plant. 

43. A. triphyllum Virginianum. . . . Arisaema atrorubens 

Blume, teste N. E. Brown. 

44. A. minus triphyllum Arisarum pene viridi Virginianum. No 

specimen. Cited Sp. PI. 965 (f. 43) for Arum triphyllum L. 
var. 0, and Bot. Mag. t. 950 for Arisaema zebrinum 
Hort. 
548,46. A. polyphyllum sive Dracuneulus . . . C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. 
9.64. Arum Dracuneulus L.=Drac\inculus vulgaris Schott. 

50. A. sive Arisarum Virginianum . . . D. Pluk. Leaf only. 

Arisaema Dracontium Schott, teste N. E. Brown. 

51. A. Malabarieum minus . . . Hort. Mai. A. atrorubens BL, 

' but not an Indian plant,' N. E. Brown. 
54. A. polyphyllum Dracuneulus . . . Cat. Hort. Amst. Two 
sheets of specimens ; the label of one specimen bears the 
name Erva di St. Maria, Marckgraf. Amorphophallus 
2 species ? teste N. E. Brown. 



182 PLANTARUM HISTOEIAE OXONIENSIS 

549, 57. A. pentaphyllum Indicum. No specimen. Cited Sp. PI. 965 
(fig. 27) for A. pentaphyllum L. = Arisaema penta- 
phyllum Schott. 

Bacciferis Affines. 
Caput X. Cyclameu. 

P. 551, 2. Cyclamen vernum minus orbiculato folio inferne rubente . . . 
nobis. Cyclamen Coum Mill., testibus W. B. Turrill and 
Dr. Stapf. 

3. C. Orientale . . . Cornuti, cap. 21. ' Seems to be C. persicum 

Mill. ; it agrees with neither description nor figure,' 
W. B. Turrill. 

4. C. oblonga radice 10. C. B. P. ' Leaves C. persicum Mill. ; 

flowers. C. europaeum L., W. B. Turrill and Dr. Stapf. 
8. C. radice Castaneae magnitudinis 8. C. B. P. Leaf only. 
C. europaeum L. W. B. Turrill and Dr. Stapf. 
552, 13. C. orbiculato folio infeme purpurascente 1. C. B. P. Leaves 
only. Cf C. europaeum L. W. B. Turrill and Dr. Stapf. 
17. C. odoratum aestivo solstitio florens . . . 5. C. B. P. Leaf 
only. ' C. persicum Mill., but the description evidently 
refers to C. europaeum '. W. B. Turrill and Dr. Stapf 
24. C. autumnale folio angusto, Park. C. neapolitanum Ter., 
testibus W. B. Turrill and Dr. Stapf 

Sectio XIV. De Planus Capillaribus Epiphyllospeemis. 

Caput I. Lingfua cerviua sive Fhyllitis. 

P. 556, 1. Lingua cervina vulgaris, Glus. Phyllitis Scolopendrlum 
Newman. 

Also a sheet. Young Harts tongue found in the well among 
Moss and Liverwort in the Bishops garden. 
557, 2. L. . . . multifido folio, C. B. P. P. Scolopendrlum Newman 
f. multifida. 

6. L. . . . maximo undulato folio auriculato per basin, P. Scolo- 

pendrlum Newm. 

7. L. . . . major ex uno pediculo bifolia H. B. Par. P. Scolo- 

pendrium Newm. 

8. L. Phyllitis minor crispa uno pediculo trifolia, H. R Par. 

P. Scolopendrlum Newm. 

9. L. cervina medio folii obtusi nervo in aculeum desinente, 

H. R. Paris. Cited Sp. PI. 1087. Asplenium Scolopen- 
drlum L. var. 8 = Phyllitis Scolopendrlum Newm. 
11. L. . . . angustifolia lucida folio serrato et fere crispo, H. R. 
Par. P. Scolopendrlum Newm. 



___ XIV 183 

13. P. minima folio undulate, H. R. Par. Scolopendrium vulgare 

var. crispum (Willd.) = P. Scolopendrium Newm. var. 
crispum. 

14. P. saxatilis Virginiana per summitates foliorum prolifera, 

J. Banisterii. Cited Sp. PI. 1536. Scolopendrium rhizo- 
phyllum Hook. = P. rhizophylUim. (L.). 

558, 15. P. Indica maxima latissimis foUis planis Musae facie, nobis. 
No specimen. Cited Sp. PI. 1079 for Asplenium nidus L. 

19. P. non sinuata foliorum limbis leviter serratis, D. Sloane. 

Polypodium (Campyloneuron) repens L. 

20. Lingua cervina foliis acutis & ad oras summitatum pulve- 

rulenta, C. Plum. No specimen. Cited Sp. PI. 1073 for 
Pteris lanceolata L. 

21. Lingua cervina longissimis & angustissimis foliis. C. Plum. 

No specimen. Cited Sp. PI. 1073 for P. Itneata L. 

22. Phyllitis minor scandens foliis angustis, D. Sloane. Poly- 

podium (Phymatodaei). 

23. P. minor scandens salicinis foliis acuminatis viridibus. Po- 

thos scandens L. An Aroid, not a fern. 

559, 24. Phyllitis scandens minima Musci facie. No specimen. Cited 
Sp. PI. 1097 for Triohomanes membranacea. 
Phyllanthos Americana planta e singulis foliorum crenis flore 
proferens Par. Bat. Prod. ' A phyllode of the Euphorbiaceous 
Phyllanthus (Xylophylla),' J. G. Baker. 

A leaf-specimen from Barbados. Polypodium (Cam- 
pyloneuron) Phyllitidis L. 

Caput II. Hemionitis. 

P. 560, 4. Hemionitis Jamaicensis . . . nobis. Asplenium Hemio- 
nitis L. 
5. H. hirsuto and Magis dissecto . . . D. Sloane. No specimen. 
Cited Sp. PI. 1077 for Hemionitis palmata L. 

P. 561, 7. H. maxima quinquefolia, C. Plum. Acrostichum (Gymno- 
pteris) nicotianaefolium Sw. = Leptoohilus niootiani- 
folius Christensen, Index Pilicum, teste J. G. Baker. 

Caput III. Asplenium sive Ceterach. 

1. Asplenium sive Ceterach, J. B. Cited Sp. PL 1080. As- 
plenium Ceterach L. = Ceterach ofacinarum DC. 

Caput IV. Polypodium. 

P. 562, 1. Polypodium vulgare, C. B. P. Polypodium vulgare L. 

Also a sheet labelled Polipody growing upon a Hasell-nut, 
is it a new sort, Badminton, Gloucestershire. 



184 PLANTARUM HI8T0RIAE OXONIENSIS 

563, 3. p. Virginiense minus foliis obtusioribus. No specimen. 
Cited Sp. PI. 1085 for P. virginianum L. = P. vulgare L. 
Christensen, Index Filicum. 

4. P. Virginianum vulgari simile pinnulis serratis. V. vul- 

gare L. 

5. P. minus Virginianum foliis brevioribus subtus argenteis, 

nobis. Cited Sp. PL 1068 for Acrostichum polypodioides L., 
and on p. 1070 for platyneuros L. The specimen is named 
by Mr. Baker Polypodium incanum Sw. = P. polypo- 
dioides Hitch. (Christ. 1. c). 

6. P. Virginianum teneriua et minus foliis minutim serratis. 

P. vulgare L. 

7. P. Americanum medium foliis variis . . . nobis. P. cultratum 

Willd. 

8. P. Cambrobritannicum. Cited Sp. PI. 1087. P. cambri- 

cum L. = P. vulgare L. var. camtaricura L., Baker. 

10. P. Virginianum majus Osmundae facie tenerius, nobis. 

Cited Sp. PL 1062 for Onoclea sensibilisL. ; but Mr. Baker 
names the specimens "Woodwardia areolata Moore. 

11. P. Jamaicense majus et elatius . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PL 1087. 

Polypodium aureum L. 
564, 15. P. exoticum folio Quercus C. B. P. No specimen. Cited Sp. 
PL 1087 for P. quercifolium L. = Drynaria queroifolia 
J. Sm. 

Caput V. Lonchitis. 

P. 666, 1. Lonchitis aspera major, Matth. Cited Sp. PL 1088. 

Also a specimen from Dr. Richardson with a long note 
about it. He gives as another locality to those mentioned 
by Mr. Lhwyd, On the rocks as you ascend from Llanberris 
to Phainon Vellon. Polypodium Lonchitis L. = Polystlchtun 
Iionchitis Roth. 

2. L. pinnulis angustioribus leviter denticulatis . . D. Sloane, 16. 

Aspidium mucronatum Sw. teste J. G. Baker ; Christensen 
makes it synonymous with Polystichtun echiaatum 
(GmeL). 

3. L. aspera Zeylanica . . . nobis. A. acrostichoides Sw., teste 

J.G. Baker=Polystiohum acrostichoides Schott (Christ.). 

4. L. Jamaicensis glabra pinnuhs alternis . . . Aspidium Lon- 

chitis Sw. = Polystiohum Iionchitis Roth. 

Also a sheet Filix ramosa minor pinnulis dentatis C. B. P. 
D. Lloyd on Snowdon. A. lobatum Sw. = P. lobatum 
Presl. 

Also a sheet Lonchitis Jamaicensis pinnulis latiusculis, S^c. 
= A. mucronatum Sw. = P. eohinatum Christensen 1. c, 
teste 3. G. Baker. 



PARS III. SECT. XIV 185 

567, 7. L. aspera major exotica . . . nobis. A. triangularum Sw. teste 
J. Gr. Baker, = P. triangxiliun Fee. 
Also a sheet whicli is not identiiied, ex Horto Chelsiano. 
9. L. Virginiana minor . . . nobis. Asplenium ebeneum Ait., 
teste J. 6. Baker= A. platyneuron Oakes (Christensen, 1. c). 
13. L. tenuifolia parva Jamaicensis . . . nobis. Nephrodium 
sanctum Baker = Dryopteris sancta Kuntze. 
568, 15. L. scandens Brasiliana. No specimen. Cited Sp. PI. 1063 
for Ophioglossum scandens L. = Lygodium scandens Sw. 

16. L. juxta nervum pulverulenta, C. Plum. Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 

1534. Blechnura occidentale L. 

17. L. Americana glabra. No specimen. Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 

1532 for Pteris longifolia L. 
21. L. minor pinnulis angustis crebris tenuibus atrovirentibus, 
D. Sloane. Polypodiiun pectinatuin L. 
569, 23. L. vulgatior folio vario, nobis. Bleclinuni Spicant With. 
24. L. major Virginiana folio vario, alis Polypodii in modum 
conjunctis. Woodwardia areolata Moore. 

Also another sheet Asplenium angustifolium Michx., teste 
J. G. Baker, = Athyrium angustifolium Milde. 
26. L. minor Africana . . . Blechnxun occidentale L. 

The following sheets are not mentioned in the Historia : 

Filix Jamaicensis non ramosa trifoliata a^igustifol. pedi- 
culo laevi . . . D. Sloane IS. Blechnum anstrale L. 

Filix Malaccensis pinnis longissitnis ititegris nervo medio 
pulverulento, Mus. nost. 543. lacob. Petirer. Blechnum 
orientale L. 

Caput YI. Filix non ramosa alis iute£pn,s. 

P. 571, 1. FiUx Americana maxima aurea non ramosa alis integris 
altemis planis, nobis. Cited Hort. Cliff. 474. Acrostichum 
aureum L. 
2. F. Americana maxima ... In Insula Dominica. Cited Sp. PL 

1074. Pteris grandifolia L. 
5. F. Americana major non ramosa alis integris amplis profundius 
crenatis . . . nobis. Nephrodium (Lagenia) macrophyllum 
Baker = Aspidium martinicense Spr. (Christensen, 1. c). 
9. F. scandens Jamaicensis pinnatis Fraxini foliis, nobis. Acro- 
stichum sorbifolium L. J. G. B. = Stenochlaena sorbi- 
folia J. Sm. (Christensen, 1. c). 
572, 14. F. Jamaicensis non ramosa trifoliata angustifolia caule laevi. 
Cited Sp. PI. 1070. Acrostichum trifoliatum L. Gymno- 
gramma trifoliata Desv. = Trismeria trifoliata Fee. 
15. F. minor ruffa lanugine tota obducta . . . D. Sloane Cat. Jam. 
p. 19. Qymnogramma tomentosa Desv. 



186 PLANTARUM HISTOEIAE OXONIENSIS 

16. F. Cretica minor non ramosa . . . nobis. Pteris cretioa L. 
23. F. minor non ramosa Jamaicensis . . . Asplenium falcatum 

Lam., teste J. G. Baker, = A. adiantoides (L.) Christen. 
573, 25. Chamaefilix marina Anglica, Park. Cited Sp. PI. 1081. 

Asplenium marinum L. 

A second sheet is marked ex Insulis Balearibus. 
26. C. Jamaicensis Triohomanoides . . . nobis. A. dentatum L. 
28. F. Alpina Pedicularis rubrae foliis subtus villosis, D. Raii. 

On the highest rock of Snowdon in moist places. D. Lloyd. 

Woodsia hyperborea Br. = W. alpina S. F. Gray. 

The following specimens are not mentioned in the 
Historia. 

ChamaefiUx minor maritima tenerior Barhadiensis. On rocks 

ill Barbadoes, J. Rhede. Asplenium viride Huds. 
Fiiix Javanica pinnis angustissimis subtus dimsis, Mus. nost. 

404. Pteris semipinnata L. 
F. minor e Terra Mariana foliis tenuihus inferioribus trifidis. 

D. Vernon. Pellaea atropurpurea Link. 
F. Emuyaea pinnis singulis integris &; divisis, <Syc., Mus. nost. 

403. Ab Emuy (Amoy), Petiver. Pteris semipinnata L. 
573, MS. jP. major Emuyaea piniiulis Polypodii falcatis . . . Mus. Pet. 

402. 'Woodwardia radioans (L.) Sm., teste J. G. Baker. 

Caput YII. Filiz non ramosa alis non nsqne ad 
uervnm divisis. 

P. 574, 3. F. pinnulis Lonchitidis obtusis et ad oras pulverulentis, 
C. Plum. 10, fig. 14. 'E Jamaica.' Pteris Litobroohia 
Baker. 
Another sheet is P. (Litobroohia) SHuuzeana Ag. 
575, 7. F. non ramosa Jamaicensis elatior alis crebris longiasimis 
angustissimis dentatis. ' Inter rariora D. D. Sherardi 
adservatur.' Nephrodium serra Desv. = Dryopteris serra 
(Sw.) 0. Kuntze. 

Also a sheet An. Lonchitis ramosa tenuis pedictdis spinosis, 
C. Plum. edit. 2, Tab. 54 ? Adiantum cristatum L., teste 
J. G. Baker. 
8. F. non ramosa major surculis i-aris . . . D. Sloane, 19. Poly- 
podium tetragonum Sw. = Dryopteris tetragona Urb. 

Also another sheet with a withered specimen. From 
Jamaica. It turns purplish when withering. 
17. Filix minor Britannica pediculo pallidioi-e. Cited Sp. Pl> 
1089. Polypodium Phegopteris L. = Phegopteris polypo- 
dioides F^e. 

Also a specimen from Dr. Richardson. 



PARS ni. SMOT. XIV 187 

Also a sheet Filix major 6 Terra Maiiana non ramosa . . . 
Osmunda Claytoniana L. 
576, 22. F. minor Iluensis non ramosa alis Asplenii. At Husvae in 
Nantfrancon, Snowdon. 

Young shade-grown specimens which Mr. C. H. Wright 
thinks may be Asplenium lanoeolatum Huds. 

23. Filicula Alpina tenerior alis latiusculus brevioribus integris 

profunde dentatis. No specimen. Cited Sp. PI. 1071 for 
Acrostichum ilvenee L.='Woodsia Uvensis Br. 

24. Pilix minor Jamaicensis pediculis villosis, alis amplioribus 

oppositis quercinis, nobis. Nephrodium (Iiagenia) ciou- 
tarium var., teste J. G. Baker. 

25. r. Jamaicensis hirsuta Sorbi Aucupariae folio quodammodo 

referens. No specimen. Cited Sp. PI. 1069 for Acrosti- 
chum sorbifolium L. 

26. F. Jamaicensis rachi folioso . . . D. Pluk. Nephrodium 

(Lagenia) cicutarium Baker = Aspidium eicutarium Sw. 
(Christensen, Ind. Fil.). 
577, MS. F. Jamaicensis rachi medio hirsuto, alls altern is . . . Aspidium 
angulare Sw. 

Caput VIII. Pilix non ramosa pinnulis ad uerrum 
usque divisis. 

P. 578, MS. F. mitior non ramosa Adiantho congener pinnulis cristatis. 
Asplenium aculeatum Lam., teste J. G. Baker. 
1. Filix arborescens pinnulis dentatis. Car. Aspidium ascen- 
dens Sw., teste J. G. Baker. 
MS. F. villosa miliar pinnulis profunde dentatis. C. Plum. Tab. 24, 
H. Beg. Hampt. (Garden of Hampton Court). Aspi- 
dium sp. ? 
6. F. non ramosa dentata, C. B. P. Cited Hoi-t. Cliff. 475. 
Nephrodium Filix-mas Rich. = Dryopteris FUix-mas 
Schott. 

Also a sheet /ort« Filix mas non ramosa pinnulis latis densis 
minutim dentatis, Ger. Emac. 1129. Nephrodium dila- 
tatum Desv., teste J. G. Baker = Dryopteris aristata 
(Vill.) Druce. 
579, 7. F. mollis sive glabra Vulgari mari non ramosae accedens, 
J. B. Nephrodium Filix mas. Rich. var. affine Baker = 
Dryopteris Pilis mas Schott, var. aflfjnis Newm. 
8. Filix mas non ramosa pinnulis angustis raris profunde 
dentatis, Ger. Emac. Cited Sp. PI. 1090. Polypodium Filix 
foemina L. = Athyrium Pilix foemina Roth. 
10, F. baccifera, Cornuti. No specimen. Cited Sp. PI. 1091 
for Polypodium bulbiferum L. = Cystopteris bulbifera 
Bernh. 



188 PLANTAEUM HISTOBIAE OXONIENSIS 

11. F. non ramoaa major pinnulis latiusculis .. . nobis. Cited 

Sp. PI. 1090, P. cristatum L. The specimen is Lastrea 
dilatata Presl = Dryopteris aristata (Vill.) Druce. 

Also a sheet from Dr. Richardson, An Filix montana 
ramosa minor argute denticulata ? E. S. M. : this is either ike 
plant, or else what Mr. Lhwyd met with was a seedling of 
Filix mas ramosa pinnulis dentatis Oer. Iiastrea dilatata 
var. alpina Moore, teste J. G. Baker (Dryopteris). 

12. F. ad ramosam accedens palustris, muscosa lanugine aspersa, 

pinnulis aoutioribus, nobis. ' Non solum circa Oxoniam, sed 
et aliis . . . comitatibus Angliae provenit.' L. dilatata 
Presl = Dryopteris aristata (Vill.) Druce. 

14. F. Africana humilis spinosa . . . D. Pluk. Aspidium aculea- 
tum Sw., teste J. G. Baker = Polystichum aculeatum 
Roth. ? 

580, 15. F. mas pinnulis latis auriculatis spinosis, Ger. A. aculeatum 
Sw. = Polysticlium aculeatum Roth. 

16. F. aculeata major pinnulis auriculatis crebrioribus . . . Rail 

Synops. ' Circa Brantream Essexiae invenit Raius ' doubtless 
from S. Dale ; a specimen with his writing is unlocalized. 
Aspidium angulare Sw. = Polystichuin angulare Presl. 

17. F. non ramosa minor sylvatica repens, nobis. Lastrea 

(Nephrodium) Oreopteris = Dryopteris montana Kuntze. 

Another sheet is D. Thelypteris. Both are labelled by 
Bobart. 

The locality given is ' Murley Wood ' (i. e. near Wytham, 
Berks.) near Oxford. I once saw D. montana there ; but 
the locality is one in which Thelypteris might have grown ; 
and it may yet be found. Prior to Dillenius, British botanists 
did not distinguish the two species. 
19. F. aculeata Lonchitidis aemula nostras, D. Llhwyd. Poly- 

stichum aculeatum Roth. var. lobatum (Presl). 
21. F. Staffordiensis elegans foliorum apicibus multiscissis, D. 
Pluk. On the label Dr. Richardson wrote — I had it from 
Sir Thos. Willoughby without name, it was gathered upon 
Lichfield Minster. Athyrium Filix-foemina Roth. var. 
cristata. 
581, 23. F. Americana non ramosa . . . D. Pluk. Aim. p. 150. A frag- 
ment and a drawing. Athyrium Filix-foemina Roth, 
var. Kalothrix. 

Bobart says with reference to this:— Hanc D. D. Sherard 
ad reditum suum ex Hibernia, pro solita humanitate, mihi 
monstravit, & quantum memini, se inibi coUegisse con- 
firtnavit, quanquam nomen a cl. Plukenetio inditum longe 
aliud suadere videatur. 

Sherard's plant, which Bobart labels Hist. Ox. n. 23, ex 
Hibernia, Filix minor non ramos. fol. capillacea tenuitate 



PARS III. SECT. XIV 189 

divisis, was gathered from themountains of Moui-ne in ye Co. 
of Down, D. Sher. 

Also a sheet F. minor longifolia tarsis raris . . . D, Sher. 
S. Syn. 51 [ed. ii]. E Terra Mariana, A. Filix-foemina 
Roth. 

24. F. minor Jamaicensis alis ohtusis . . . nobis. Asplenium cicu- 

tarium Sw., teste 3. G. Baker, = A. oristatum Lam. (Chris- 
tensen, Ind. FiL). 

25. F. elegans Adianto nigro accedens, segmentie rotundioribus, 

RaiiSyn. Asplenium Adiantum-nigminL. This explains 
the curious record in Sm. Eng. Fl. iv. 311 of .4. lanceolatum 
Huds. from the unlikely locality given in the Historia : — 
Vein in Porticu Eedesiae Adderburiensis Com. Oxon. qua 
septentrionem spectat, reperla est, 

27. Filicula Alpina orispa, C. B. P. Cheilanthes species, teste 

J. G. Baker. 

28. F. saxatilis non ramosa nigris maoulis punctata, C. B. P., 

Cystopteris fragilis Bernh. 

29. F. saxatilis oaule tenui fragili. Rail Syn. Specimens from 

Dr. Richardson. TJiis is a very frequent plant at the foot of 
Stochdale and Giggleswicke Scars nigh Settle (Torks), nor less 
frequent in the like places of Westmerland, not far from 
Kendale ; also from TrigtuJchij rocks and Snowden, Car- 
narvonshire. Cystopteris fragilis Bernh. 

30. F. saxatilis non ramosa minima, Raii. D. Lhwyd. Asplenium. 

fontanum Bernh. 

31. Filicula Cambrobritannica pinnulis Cicutariae divisura dona- 

tis. From Clogwyn du yn yr Ardhu, Snowdon D. Lloyd, 
First record for Carnarvonshire. Cystopteris &agiliB 
Bernh. 

Also a sheet of seedling ferns, one being A. Ruta- 
muraria L. 

Caput IX. Pilix ram.osa. 

P. 683, 1. Filix arborescens caudice spinosa ramosa . . . nobis. 
Drawing only. 'Wood-wardia radioana Sm. 
4. F. foemina seu ramosa . . . D. Sloane. Cited Sp. PI. 1076. 

Pteris caudata L. = P. aquiliua L. 
7. F. Africana pinnis Lonchitidis parvis, D. Herman. Pteris 
(monstrous), probably quadriaurita Retz, teste J. G. Baker. 
584, 11. F. Alpina Myrrhidis facie Cambrobritannica, D. LIhwyd. 
Mr. Baker names it Nephrodium dilatatum Desv., Mr. 
Bennett thought it to be the var. duraetorum Moore, = 
Dryopteris aristata Druce var. 

Also a sheet marked, by Dr. Richardson, A species of 
Filix mas, different from ye Common one ; Upon ye great 



190 PLANTARUM HISTORIAE 0X0NIEN6IS 

Eocks about Ttinhridge Wells. Lastrea dilatata Pr., teste 
J. G. Baker = Dryopteris aristata (Vill.) Druce. 

14. F. Jamaicensis ramosa Adianti nigri pinnulis angustioribus. 

Nephrodium effusum Baker = D. effasa Wib. (Christensen). 

15. F. Jamaicensis Fumariae foliis, pediculis et rachi medio 

aculeatis, D. Pluk. Not identified. 

16. F. Canariensis humilior ramosissima . . . nobis. Davallia 

canariensis Sm. 

18. F. rainosa sive foemina minor nostras, nobis. Pteris aqui- 
lina L. 

585, 19. F. aaxatilis ramosa nigris maculis punctata, C. B. P. Poly- 
podium Dryopteris L. = Phegopteiis Dryopteris Fee. 

22. Filicula petraea Rutae facie, nobis. Aspleuium Buta- 

muraria L. 

MS. An Buta Muraria clematitis ratio folio, C. Plum. ed. 2, 
tab. 92 ? One specimen, Lygodium scandens Sw. ; the 
other Adiantum lunulatiun Burm. 

23. Filicula comiculata. In Septo Regie Edinensi provenit. 

ABplenium septentrionale G. F. Hoffm. ; a plant of Euta 
muraria is mixed with it. 

24. Adiantum novum Germanicum Rutae murariae facie, Breyn. 

Cent. i. Not A. germanicum, but A. Euta-muraria L., teste 
3. G. Baker. 

Also a sheet A. album fol. Filkis J. B. 733 ; Filicula fon- 
tana major sire adiantum album Filicis folio C. B. P. 7. 
A. Adiantum-nlgrum L. var. obtusum (Kit.). 

26. Filicula sive Adiantum foliis inferioribus Coriandri . . . Schol. 
Bot. Par. Anogramma leptophylla Link = Gynmogramma 
leptophylla Desv. 

686, MS. Adiantum elatius Jamaicense pinnulis triangularibus, Mus. 
nost. 756. E Collect. Filic. Bar. Americ. J. Petiver. Adian- 
tum crlstatujn L. 

Also a sheet marked Adiatii. alb. tenuifol. Rutae murariae 
accedens, J. B. Filicula fontana H. Pat. Aspleniiun 
Adiantum-nigrum L. var. acutum teste J. G. Baker. 

Caput X. Adiantum nignuu ramosum. 

P. 587, 1. Adiantum Jamaicense Lonchitidis falcatis . . . D. Pluk. 
Adiantum pulverulentum L. 
Also a sheet A. tetraphyllum H. B. K. 
2. A. nigrum ramosum pulverulentum . . . C. Plum. A. pulveru- 
lentum L. 
5. A. ramosum foliis trapezii dentatis, C. Plum. A. trapezi- 
forme L. 



fAKS in. siiUT. XIV 191 

6. A. foliis Coriandri, C. B. P. A. CapHlus-veneria L. 

A drawing of a frond by D. Gul. Williams of a specimen 
marked D. Lhtoyd invenit, is included. 
8. A. . . . Aethiopicum pinnulis amplis subrotundis . . . D. Pluk. 
ex Aleppo. A. Capillus-veneris L. 
588, 9. A. fruticoaum Chalepense ... A. CapiUus-veneris L. 

10. A. fruticosum Coriandri folio jamaicense . . . D. Pluk. Aim, 

10, tab. 254. A. tenerum Sw. 

11. A. Bermudense . . . D. Pluk. aim. n. 10, 7. 124. A. tenerum Sw. 

12. A. Americanum . . . D. Pluk. 1. c. Cited Sp. PI. 1095. 

A. pedatiun L. 

Also a sheet, Adiantum fniticos. Brasilianum C. B. 
Adiant. Amer. Cormtti, which is the same species. 

13. A. Chinense . . . D. Pluk. 11. t. 4. A. aethiopicum L. 

Also a sheet CapilUiris chinensis pinnulis rotundiorihus 
mus. nost. 757 j gathered at Emuy by Mr. Keir and Barhlay, 
Surgeons, J. Petiver. A. flabellulatum L. 

14. A. Barbadiense . . . Pluk. Aim. 11. t. 125. A. tetraphyllum 

H. B. K. 

16. A. nigrum officinarum. Asplenium Adiantum-nignim L. 

17. A. Narbonense . . . Pluk. t. 124. Asplenium Adiantum- 

nlgrum L. var. aoutum Poll. 

18. Adiantum nigrum Chinense . . . D. Pluk. Aim. 10. t. 4- 

Gathered on Emuy by Mr. James Cunninghame. Davallia 
tenuifolia Sw., teste J. G. Baker = Odontosoria chinensis 
J. Sm., teste Christensen, Ind. Fil. 
589,21. A. Jamaicense . . . Trichomanes radicans Sw. 

22. A. Americanum . . . Breyn. Cent. Gymnogramma cala- 
melanos Kaulf. = Ceropteris calomelanos Und., teste 
Christensen, Ind. Fil. 

Another specimen is labelled, A feme wch grows on dry 
ground in Barbadoes. 

Another sheet is Adiantum nigrum lanuginosum Chinense 
Mus. nost. 30. Brought from Emuy to J. Petiver. Notho- 
laena lanuginosa Desv. 

Caput XI. Adiantum uigrnm non ramosum. 

P. 590, 2. A. Jamaicense Lonchitidis . . . D. Pluk. Aim. x. t. 252. 
Adiantum otaliquum Willd. 
MS. A nigrum non ramosum, sive Trichomanes Madraspafense. 
E Collect. Jacob Petiver. A. caudatum L. 
3. Trichomanes majus nigrum . . . D. Sloane p. 17. A. maoro- 

phyllum Sw. 
8. Adiantum Bermudense minus . . . nobis. Asplenium mo- 
nanthes L. 



192 PLANTARUM HISTORIAE OXONIENSIS 

P. 591, 9. Trichomanes Americanum radiatum, nobis. Cited Sp. PL 
1094. Adiantum radiatum L. = Cheilanthes radiata Br. 

10. T. sive Polytrichum officinarum, C. B. P. No specimen. 

Cited Hort. Cliif. 474. Asplenium Trichomanes L. 

11. T. minus bifurcato pediculo . . . nobis. A. Trichomanes L. 

Also a sheet, T. cattle viridi foliis serratis, Mentz. Piigil. 
A. viride Huds. 

12. T. minus alis oblongis et acutis profunde laciniatis. 

A. Trichomanes L. var. incisum. 

Also a sheet of specimens : one Found by Mr. Dyer 
commonly growing in ye S. Wefst Devonshire towards the sea 
on old walls, is A. lanceolatum Huds., testibus Bucknall 
and White ; another, labelled Adiant. martt. segmentis 
rotiiudiorihus, H. Schola. Paris? found hy Mr. Tabor in 
Sussex, is A. Adiantum nigrum L., teste J. G. Baker. 

13. Trichomanes minus alis foliorum triangularibus integris 

dentatis. A. Trichomanes L. var. incisum.. 

Caput XII. Adiantum- foliis integris. 
P. 592, 1. Adiantum monophyllum . . . nobis. A. reniforme L. 

2. A. monophyllum Americanum . . . nobis. No specimen. Cited 

Sp. PI. 1075 for Pteris pedata L. = Dryopteris pedata 
Pee. 

3. A. . . . Antegoanum . . . nobis. No specimen. Cited Sp. PI. 

1. c. for P. pedata L. var. /3. 

Also a sheet, Adiantum Pectinatum e Cap. Bonae Spei, 
Mus. Nost. 743. e Collect. Filicum Ear. African. Petiver. 
Schizaea peotinata Sm., teste 3. G. Baker. 

Caput XIII. Filix taotryitis. 

P, 593, 1. Filix botryitis sive florida . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 1066. 
Osmtmda regalis L. var. ^. 

Also a sheet, Osmunda, plantae pullulante.'i. 

2. P. botryitis . . . Virginiana . . . nobis. O. regalis L. 

3. F. botryitis Virginiana major per totam caulis longitudinem 

florescens. O. cinnamomea L. 

4. F. . . . minima sive Pilicula petraea . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 

1067. Osmunda crispa L. = Cryptogramma orispa Br. 

Here is a specimen from Dr. Richardson, Adiantum 
alpinum crispum album Schwenkf. Mr. Pay first discovered 
this plant iii. Orton Parish in Westmorland where I have also 
seen it in plenty. As you ascend Widva fro Phynon Vrech 
[Carnarvon] above the said fountain there is vast quantities 
of it for nigh J a mile in length growing out of the loose stones. 
I have lately discovered it to be a native of Yorkshire (viz.) in 
a place called the Knotty Lane nigh the delfe in Sadleworth 
tounship nigh the boarders of Lancashire. C. crispa Br. 



PARS III. SEOT. XIV 193 

Caput XIV. Zinuaria Botrytis. 

P. 594, 1. Lunaria racemosa minor et vulgaris, C. B. P. Cited Hort. 
Cliif. 472, n. 1 ; Osmunda Lunaria L. = Botryohium Lu- 
naria Sw. 
3. L. racemosa minor Matricariae folio Breyn. B. tematum Sw. 
595, 5. L. botrytis Virginiana . . . B. virginlanum Sw. 

One sheet is marked e Tei-ra Mariana, D. Vernon. 

6. L. elatior Adianti folio, duplici spica D. Sloane p. 14. Cited 

Sp. PI. 1065. Osmunda adiantifolia L. = Aneimia adianti- 
folia Sw. 

7. L. elatior Matricariae folio . . . D. Sloane, p. 14. No specimen. 

Cited Sp. PI. 1065 for Osmunda hirsuta L. = Aneimia 
hirsuta Sw. 

8. L. elatior Americana, hirsuta . . . nobis. No specimen. Cited 

Sp. PI. 1064 for 0. hirta L. = Aneimia hirta Sw. 

Caput XV. Ophioglossnm. 

P. 595, . Ophioglossum vulgatum, C. B. P. O. vulgatum L. 

Also a sheet, Ophioglossum minimum = O. lusitanicum L. 

The following specimens are not mentioned in the 
Historia : — 

Acrostichon Madraspatanum fol. ladn. Mus. Petiv. n. 741.; 
Ceratopteris thaliotroides Brong. 

Filix saxatilis caule tenui fragili. The name suggests Cys- 
topteris fragilis Bernh. (see 581, 29). This is a small 
mountain form of Athyriiun Pilix-foemina, Roth. 

An Filix nan ramosa latius dentata minor, Phimier Tab. 173, 

vel major t. 16. Sent from Fort St. George by the name of 

Moocurrundy Cheddy. Sunephrodium sp., teste J. G. 

Baker. 
F. Peganensis non ramosa alisamplioribusrotundisnoncrenatis. 

A Fern from Pegu. (D. Dubois.) Pteris quadriaurita 

Eetz., teste J. G. Baker. 
F. pyramidalis Chinensis, Mus. nost. 54. lac. Petiver dblat. ab 

Emuy. Nephrodium molle, teste J. G. Baker = Dryopteris 

parasitica Kuntze. 
F.foemina apud Cap. Bonae Spei Collect. Cp. Jacob Cunning- 

hame, Petiver. Also a sheet, E Virginia, semina hujus fere 

ad margines foliorum longitudinaliter sita sunt. Both are 

Pteris caudata L., teste J. G. Baker. 
F. Clematitis Indica pinnulis non dentatis. Tsferu-Valli-Panna. 

Hort. Mai. 1. 12, tab. 32, p. 67. Also a second sheet marked 

Filix ex India Orientali. Lygodium scandens Sw., teste 

J. G. Baker. 



194 PLANTAEUM HISTOEIAE OXONIENSIS 

F. pahistris seu aquatica. Lastraea Thelypteiis Bory = 

Dryopteris Thelypteris A. Gray. 
Suhularia lacustris seu Calamistrum heiia aquatica Alpina, R. 

Synops. Aizoides fusiforme Alpinorum lacuum, D. Lloyd. 

Isoetes lacustris L. 



Sectio XV. De Planus Heteeoclitis sive Anomalis. 

Distribuiio Prima : De Plantis quibus sub uno flore mono- 
petalo, unicum vasculum unicumque succedit semen. 

Caput I. Uirabile Feravianum. 
P. 599. Mirabile Peruvianum Ger. Mirabilis Jalapa L. 

Caput II. Plumbago sive Deutillaria. 

P. 599, 1. Plumbago Plinii, Ger. Fragment. Plumbago euro- 
paea L. 
2. P. Americana viticulis longioribus sempervirentibus ex Vera 
Cruce, Hort. Reg. Hampt. P. scandens L. 

Caput III. 

P. 599. Dentariae facie planta monopetalos fructu rotundo mono- 
pyreno, nobis. Hydrophyllum vlrginianum L. 

Caput IV. Limoniniu. 

P. 600, 1. Limonium Maritimum majus, C. B. P. Mixed specimens, 
the leaves being Limonium vulgare Mill., the spike 
Ii. binervoaum C. E . Salmon. 

2. L. maritimum medium Anglicum, Park. Mixed specimens : 

one L. binervosum C. E. Salm. ; another L. vulgare 
Mill. ; a third leaf Mr. Salmon thinks may belong to 
Statice Dodartii Gir. = L. Dodartii (Gir.) Kuntze. 

3. L. minus maritimum Oleae folio, C. B. P. L. Dodartii (Gir.) ; 

another plant is Zi. bumile Mill. var. nanum C. E. S. 

4. L. parvum Bellidis minoris folio, C. B. P. ' Statice virgata 

Willd., I believe,' C. E. S. L. virgatum Fourr. 

5. L. maritimum minimum, C. B. P. Statice minuta L. var. 

microphylla Boiss. = L. m.inutum (L.) Fourr. var. niioro- 
phyllum (Boiss.). 

On another sheet is a specimen of L. pubesoens (DC). 
8. L. reticulatum supinum Bocc. 83. Bucknall and White 
suggest comparing it with Statice virgata Willd. var. 
remotispicula Lac. Ii. virgatum Fourr. 



PAES III. SECT. XV 193 

13. L. Minus annuum Bullatis foliis vel Echioides, Magnol. 
L. echioides (L.) Mill., Uste C. B. S. 

Also L. Balearic, helKdis minoris folio fruticosum, Salva- 
dore. Statice Gougetiana Gir., testibus W. B. Turiill and 
Dr. Stapf=Ii. Gougetianum (Gir.) Kuntze. 

15. L. Lusitanicum Auriculae Ursi folio, Tourn. L. ovalifolium 

(Poir). 

16. L. lignosum Siculum Gallas ferens Bocc. 33. L. minuturil 

Fourr. 
18. L. Arboreum Hispanicum . . . Tourn. E. Lusit. Toumef. 
Iiimoniastrum monopetaltun Boiss., teste C. E. S. 

23. L. ferulaceo folio, Grisley. Cited Sp. PL 396n. Limonium 

ferulaceum (L.) Kuntze. 

Another sheet is L. ferulaceo folio viridar. Lusit. L. bellidi- 
folium Dum. = Ii. reticulatum Mill. 

24. L. minus densa caulium foeniculacea veluti coma. Lei. Triumf. 

L. ferulaceum (L.) Kuntze. 

Also L. bellidifolium Dum. = L. reticulatum Mill, 
(non L.). 
26. L. peregrinum foliis Asplenii C. B. P. L. sinuatum Mill. 
29. L. majus flore globoso, nobis. The holotrichous Statice 
maritima Mill. 
601, 32. L. minimum vulgatius flore globosa, nobis. The holotrichous 
Statice niaritima Mill. 

Also^ore albo. 

Another sheet, Limonium gramineum minimum mdgatius 
flore globoso is, testibus Bucknall and White, Armeria mari- 
tima Willd., 1.6. the pleurotrichous Statice linearifolia 
Laterr. 

There is also Caryopht/lltts marinus fruticosior Tourn,. 
D. Sher., which Bucknall and White refer to Armeria 
pubinervis Boiss. = Statice pubinervis (Willd.), comb, nov. 

Caput V. Sesamoides. 

P. 601, 1. Sesamoides floribus ex albo purpurascentibus, nobis. 
Astroearpus Clusii Gay. 
Another sheet is Sileue Otites Wibel. 

3. S. procumbens nostras . . . Linariae folio . . . nobis. No 

specimen. Cited Sp. PL 207 for Thesium Linopliylluia L. 

4. S. Linariae folio glaucum Pyrenaioum . . . nobis. No 

specimen. Cited Sp. PL 449 for Reseda glauca L. 

Caput VI. 

P, 601. Juncaria a Junceorum cauliculorum forma & gracilitate a 
Clusio appellata est. Juncaria Salmanticensis, Clus. Hist. 
74. Ortega hispanica L., teste Dr. Stapf. 
2 



196 PLA-NTAEUM HlfeTOEIAB OXONIENSIS 

Caput VII. Piper, Betle, & Sanrums. 

P. 602, 1. Piper rotundum nigrum, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. 20. Piper 
nigrum L. 
4. P. longum orientals, C. B. P. Tippoly an Long Pepper? 
P. longum L., teste Dr. Stapf. 

7. P. longum arboreum altius. D. Sloan. P. longum L. 

8. P. aylvestre Orientate gracili . . . Hort. Mai. pt. 7. 1. 16. The 

upper specimen ia P. longum L., teste Dr. Stapf. 

Also a sheet of Amolago, Piperis longi species Hort. Mai. 
Tom. 7. p. 31, which is P. Betle L. var. siriboa, teste 
Dr. Stapf. 

Bisti-ilutio Secunda: De Plantis quibus post singulum florem 
bina loculamenta semina continentia succedunt. 

Caput VIII. Acautlitis sive Branca orsiua. 
P. 604, 1. Acanthus spinosus sive aculeatus, C. B. P. A. spiaosus L. 

2. A. spinosus medius . . . brevioribus aculeis donatus, D. Fagon. 

'Rara haec species e seminibus amioissimi & Rev. D. D. 
Huntington in Orientali suo itinera collectis, nobisque 
communicatis, primo orta est.' Of this plant Linnaeus 
(Hort. Cliff. 327) says ' qui certissime varietas, attamen 
aculeatae et non aculeata intermedia, adeo ut vix video 
ad quam speciem proprius accedat.' A. mollis, L. forma, 
teste W. B. TurriU. 

3. A. Diosc. verus sativus Rawolfli. No specimen. Cited Sp. PI. 

ed. ii. 892. A. Dioscoridis L. 

4. A. nonspinosussativu8velmollis'Virgilii,C.B.P. A. mollis L. 

Caput IX. Xanthitim. 

P. 604, 1. Xanthium sive Lappa minor, J. B. Cited Hort. Cliff. 443. 
Xantbiuna strumarium. L. 

A second sheet, from Fort St. George. X. strumarium 
L., forma indicum Roxb., teste Dr. Stapf. 

2. X. elatius & majus Americanum . . . Cited Sp. PL ed. ii. 

400. X. occidentale Bertol., teste Dr. Stapf. 

3. X. spinosum Atriplicis folio, Tourn. Cited Sp. PL 987. 

X. spinosum L. 

Caput X. 

P. 604. Acopa Dioscoridis. Trifolium fibrinum, C. B. P. Men- 
yanthes trifoliata L. 

Caput XI. 

P. e05. Plantaginella palustris, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PL 681. Limo- 
sella aquatica L. 



PARS III. SECT. XV 197 

Bistributio Tertia: De Plantis quibus sub singulo flore 
terna subsunt loculamenta semina serVantia. 

Caput XII. 

P. 605. Vulneraria alata Blattariae flore caerulea, nobis. From 
Virginia. Cited Hort. Cliff. 63 . Polemonium caeruleum L., 
flore albo. The specimen is Polemonium reptans L., 
teste Dr. Stapf. 

Caput XIIL Ephemenuu Fhalangioides. 

P. 606, 1. Ephemerum Virginianum . . . D. Pluk. T. 174. 5. Cited 
Sp. PI. 342 for Helonias bullata L. The specimen is 
Aletris aurea Walt., teste Dr. Stapf. 
2. E. Benghalense serpens folio subrotundo brevi, Pluk. Tab. 27. 
Commelina benghalenBis L., teste Dr. Stapf. 

4. E. Virginianum gramineum . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 288. 

Tradesoantia virglniana L. 

5. E. Virginianum gramineum . . . H. R. P. T. virginlana L., 

teste Dr. Stapf. 

7. E. Malabaricum angustifolium . . . H. Mai. pt. 10. T. 19. 

Nelam Pidhi H. Mai. Two specimens : the one Commelina 
virginioa L. ; the other C. nudiflora L., teste Dr. Stapf. 

8. E. Virginianum Potamogeitonis folio . . . nobis. C. eom- 

miuiis L., teste Dr. Stapf. 

9. E. Zeylanicum Alsines mediae foliis procumbens, Par. Bat. 

Prod. A barren Panicujn, teste Dr. Stapf. 
11. E. Madraspatanum longissimo angusto folio, nobis. A sheet 
of mixed specimens ; the type probably is Commelina 
ensifolia R. Br., teste Dr. Stapf; the other specimen Mella 
Cauna. An D. PI. T. 27. 4 : Cyanotis axillaris D. Don. 

Another sheet, Honey wood, a sort of grass every %ohere, 
good for Honey, Barlados, is in part Commelina com- 
m.iuiis Ii. 

Distributio Quarta : De Plantis quarum singulis floribus 
terna sunt loculamenta semina servantia. 

Caput XIV. Stramonium. 

P. 607, 1. Stramonium majus album . . . nobis. Datura StramoniujnL. 

4. S. Pomo crassioribus . . . spinis armato, H. L. B. No speci- 

men. Cited Sp. PL ed. ii. 255 for D. ferox L. 

5. S. sive Datura pomo spinoso rotuiido . . . H. L. B. D. fas- 

tuosa L., teste Dr. Stapf. 

6. S. curassavicum humilius Hyoscyami folio, Par. Bot. Prod. 

D. discolor Bernh., teste Dr. Stapf. 



198 PLANTARUM HISTORIAE OXONIENSIS 

9. S. Aegyptiacum, foetidum . . . H. L. Bat. Datura Aegyptiaca 
flore pleno, Ponae, Ital. D. fastuosa L., teste Dr. Stapf. 

Caput XV. 
No specimens. 

Caput XVI. 
P. 607. Glaux exigua maritima, Ger. 562. Glaiix maritima L. 

Caput XVII. 

P. 608. Stellaria aquatica, Park. 1258. Includes Callitriche stag- 
ualis Scop, and C. obtusangula Le Gall. 
S. aquatica foliis longis tenuissimis, Rail Sjn. C. hamulata 
Kuetz. = C. intermedia Hoffm. 

Caput XVIII. 

P. 608. Graminifolia palustris, repens . . . Eaii Syn. Cited Sp. PI. 
1100. Pilularia globulifera L. 

DistriluHo Quinta : De Plantis floribus pentapetaloidibus 

donatis quibus singulis dehiscentibus plurima succedunt 

semina. 

Caput XIX. Apocynum. Eredum latifolium. 

P. 609, 2. Apocynum majus Syriacum rectum Cornut. 91. Asclepias 
syriaca L., teste N. E. Brown. 
3. A. idem ... ex Aleppo. A. syriaoa L., teste N. E. Brown. 

14. A. Canadense . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 213. Apocynvim 

cannabinum L. 

15. A. ramosum Virginianum . . . D. Pluk. T. 260. Philibertia 

clauBa K. Schum. 

' This has been wrongly identified with Plukenet's plant 
by Bobart : it is a native of the West Indies,' N. E. Brown. 
In Ind. Kew. Supp. this is made synonymous with 
P. viminalis A. Gi-ay. 

16. A. Canadense foliis Androsaemi H. E. Bles. & Bot. Mag. 

t. 280. Cited Sp. PI. 218. A. androsaemifolium L. 
610, 21. A. arboreum, ad Eleagni faciem . . . D. Pluk. t. 260. 3. Sent 
from Fort St. George by Dr. Edward Bulkley 1700 and 1704. 
Velpaula. Wrightia tinotoria R. Br., teste Dr. Stapf. 

Apocyna erecta angustiorihus foliis. 

22. A. elatius Salicis angusto folio . . . Pluk. t. 138, 2. Gom- 
phocarpus fruticosus R. Br. 



PARS III. SECT. XV 199 

23. A. Africanum Salicis latiore flore niveo, Hermanni. Asclepias 
physocarpa Schlecht. (Gomphocarpus Mey.), teste N. E. 
Brown. 

27. A. non ramosum . . . D. Banister Cat. Fruit only. Asclepias 

perennls Walt., teste N. E. Brown. 
29. A. Salicis latiori folio . . . D. Pluk. t. 188. 3. A. curassa- 

vioa L., teste N. E. Brown. 

80. A. Curassavioum fibrosa radice, D. Pluk. T. 76. 6. A. tube- 

rosa L., teste N. E. Brown. 

81. A. Novae Angliae . . . flor. aurantiis, Hort. Lugd. Bot. App. 

Two sheets. A. tuberosa L., teste N. E. Brown. 

82. A. tuberosum . . . D. Pluk. t. 187. 6. Painting only. 

A. physooarpa Schlecht., teste N. E. Brown. 

A drawing of ^. Afric. erect, flore ex luteo virente ex codice 

Compton. Gromphooarpus fruticosus R. Br. 
33. A. non ramosum Asclepiadis folio, umbellis florum mbentibus. 

Cat. D. Banister. A. Americanum salicis folio erectum flo. 

rubro unibellatum. A. inoamata L., teste N. E. Brown. 
37, A. Africanum foliis undulatis Hermanni, a quo acoepimus. 

A. crispa Berg, teste N. E. Brown = Gomphocarpus 

crispus R. Br. 
88. A. Petraeum ramosum Salicis folio venoso . . . D. Pluk. 

t. 261. 3. One specimen is undeterminable; the other is 

A. ourassavica L., teste N. E. Brown. 

Apocyna Scandentia. 

43. A. African, fol. subrotundo, Hermanni. ' Hoc ad D. D. Uvedale, 
Anno 1690, transmissum est.' Cynanchum obtusi- 
folium L. f., teste N. E. Brown. 
611, 53. A. Malabaricum folio cordiformi . . . Hort. Mai. pt. 9, p. 25. 
Watta-kaka-kodi. Tylophora asthmatioa W. & A., teste 
N. E. Brown. 

54. A. incanum Madraspatanum . . . D. Pluk. t. 137. 3. Sent 

from Fort St. George hy Dr. Edw. Biilkley, 1701. Woo- 
tameny. Daemia extensa R. Br. = Pergularia extensa 
N. E. Br., teste N. E. Brown. ■ 

55. A. amplexieaule J. B. 135. Indeterminable. Its haiiy stem 

is quite distinct from that of Cynanchum aoutum L., teste 
N. E. Brown, to which belongs Clusius' Apocynum 3 lati- 
folium cited by Bobart. 

56. A. Scammoniae facie . . . H. L. Bat. Daemia extensa R. Br. = 

Pergularia extensa N. E. Br., teste N. E. Brown. 
58. A. Scammoniae facie foliis ad basin cordatis. Sent from Fort 
St. George by Dr. Edward Bulkley 1705, loithout a name. 
Cynanchum acutum L., teste N. E. Brown ; a form in 
which the long teeth of the corona have not developed. 



200 PLANT ARUM HISTORIAE OXONIENSIS 

60. A. Soammoniae Monspeliacae foliis Curassav. H. R. Hampt. 

Wafton-valU. C aoutum L. (C. monspeliacum L.), teste 
N. E. Brown. 

61. A. Viiginianum rugosum . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. p. 212. 

Cynancbum hiitum L. = Qonolobus hirsutus Michx., 
teste N. E. Brown. 

62. A. Indicum minua Nummulariae foliis . . . Rail Hist. Cited 

Hort. Cliif. 79 and Sp. PI. 211. Periploca Africana L. = 
Vinoetoxloum africana Kuntze. (The label is not in 
Bobart's writing.) The synonymy in Index Kew. is de- 
fective. 

64. A. sive Periploca scandens . . . J. B. torn. 2. 133. Periploca 
graeoa L. 

66. A. glabrum foliis atroviridibus . . . nobis. Vincetoxicum 
nigrum Moench. 

Caput XX. Asclepias. 

P. 611, 1. Asclepias flore albo, C. B. P. A. Vincetoxicum L. = 
Cynanchum Vincetoxicum Pers. = Vincetoxicum offici- 
nale Moench. 

2. A. angustifolia flore flavescente Vallot, H. R. Par. C. nigrum 

Pers. = v. nigrum Moench. 
4. A. Aizoides aphylla flore Fritillariae . . . nobis. Cited Hort. 
Cliff. 76 and Sp. PI. 316. Fritillaria crassa ohlongioi- pio- 
cumbens H. R. Hampt. 

This is represented by a sheet \abe\\eAApocynum Aizoides 
cauliculis longissimis, denticuUs rarioribus donatum, Pink. 
Aim. p. 37 alt., is probably Caralluma adscendens R. Br., 
teste N. E. Brown. 

Caput XXI. Fseudo-apocyunm. 

P. 612, 1. Pseudo-apocynum hederaceum Amer. . . . nobis. Cited Sp. 
PI. 624. From Longleat. Bignonia radicans L. = Tecoma 
radicans Juss. 

3. P. Americanum . . . nobis. No specimen. Cited Bot. Mag. 

t. 864 for B. capreolata L. 
6. P. FoUiculis maximis obtusis ... No specimen. Cited Sp. 

PI. 624 for B. crucigera L. = B. capreolata L. 
11. P. Virginianum alternis Asclepiadis foliis . . . D. Pluk. t. 115. 
3. Amsonia Tabernaemontana Walt., teste Dr. Stapf. 

Caput XXI [bis]. Clematis daphnoides sive Viuca perrinca. 
P. 613, 1. Clematis Daphnoides major, C. B. P. Vinca major L. 

2. C. . . . minor, C. B. P. Vinca minor L., and forma varie- 
gata. 



PARS III. SECT. XV 201 



Caput XXII. 

P. 613. Volubilis Americana capreolata . . . nobis. No specimen. 
Queried in Hort. Cliff, as Epidendron Vanilla L. 

Caput XXIII. 

P. 613. Hyssopifolia sive Gratiola minor, C. B. Prod. 108. Lythrum 
Hyssopifolia L. 

A sheet Hyssopus major flonhus purpurascentibiis. Lyth- 
rum Graefferi Ten. 

Hyssopoides Montana flore pentapetaloide . . . nobis. Erinus 
alpinus L. 

Caput XXIV. Camphorata. 

P. 614, 1. Campborata hirsuta, C. B. P. Camphorosma monspelia- 
cum L. 

2. C. glabra, C. B. P. Polycnemum ar^ense L., confirmed by 

W. B. Turrill. 

3. C. altera magis hirsuta, Breyn. Camphorosma mon- 

speliaciim L. 

6. Camphoratae congener sive Anthyllis altera Acthiopica . . . 
D. Pluk. Aim. t. 273. Aspalathus sp. (near A. mollis L.). 

Caput XXV. 

P. 614. Paronychiae facie Planta tetrapetaloides Virginiana fiore 
caeruleo. Eoustonia caerulea L. 

Caput XXV [bis]. Cuscuta. 

P. 615, 3. Cuscuta ramis arborum innasoens Caroliniana . . . D. Pluk. 
Tab. 26. 5. Tillandsia usneoides L. 

4. 0. lendiginosa tenuissimis cirrhis, e terra Mariana, D. Pluk. 

t. 26. 6. Sherry pasha. Not American. ? C. planiflora 
Tenore. 

5. C. baccifera Barbadiensium a maritimis, D. Pluk. t. 172. 2. 

Tillandsia usneoides L. 
Also a specimen from D. Charleton, e Virginia. 

Caput XXVI. Reseda. 

P. 615, 1. Reseda minor lutea J. B. 467. R. vulgaris C. B. P. = 
B. lutea L. 

2. R. minor crispa Gallica, Bocc. Tab. 41. K. lutea L. 

3. R. minor humilis Monspeliaoa . . . nobis. E. Phyteuma L. 
5. R. major alba, J. B. E. alba L. 



202 PLANTARUM HISTOEIAE OXONIENSIS 

Caput XXVII. Luteola. 
P. eie. Luteola herba Salicis folio, C. B. P. Beseda Luteola L. 

Distributio Sexta : De Plantis terrestribus incerti generis. 
Caput XXVIIL 

P. 616, 1. Clematis sive Flammula . . . J. B. 127. C. recta L. 

3. C. alpina Geranii folio, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 764. 

Atragene alpina L. = Clematia alpina Mill. (I. K.). 

4. C. caerulea erecta, C. B. P. C. integrlfolia L. 

A sheet, C. Pannoniae similis foliis ohtus. etflo. minorihus. 
E Virginia. C. ochroleuca Ait. 

Caput XXIX. 
No specimens. 

Caput XXX. 

P. 617. Ribes verum Arabum, J. B. 

A sheet, Rha sive Rheum maximum foliis rotundioribus 
asperis. Bheum Kibes L., teste Dr. Stapf. 

Caput XXXI. Amoumm. 

Distributio Septima : De Plantis aquaticis incerti generis. ' 

Caput XXXII. Sagittaria. 
P. 618, 1. Sagittaria aquatica, C. B. P. Sagittaria sagittifolia L. 
4. S. aquatica omnium minima angustifolia, D. Pluk. Raii Syn. 
S. sagittifolia L. forma. 

6. S. Virginiana obtusiore lato folio. . . . Cited Sp. PI. 343. 

Alisma cordifolium L. Eohinodorus oordifoliuB Griseb. 

7. S. quodammodo similis planta Madraspatana . . . D. Pluk. 

Phyt. 220. 8. Pontederia hastata L. = Monochoria ha- 
stata Solms. 

8. S. similis . . . Virginiana . . . D. Banister. Cited Sp. PI. 

288 and Bot. Mag. t. 1156. Pontederia oordata L. 

Caput XXXIII. Flantago aquatica. 

P. 618, 1. Plantago aquatica Major Ger. 417. Alisma Plantago- 
aquatica L. 

2. P. aquatica minor. Park. 1245. Eohinodorus ranunculoides 

Bngelm. 

3. P. aquatica minor stellata Ger. Emac. 417. Damasonium 

Alisma Mill. 



PARS III. SECT. XV 203 

Caput XXXIV. Stratiotea. 

P. 618. Stratiotes sive Militaris Aizoides, Park. 1249. Stratiotea 
Aloides L. 
619. S. Aegyptiaca J. B. 3. 787. No specimen. Cited Sp. PI. 963 
for Pietia Stratiotea L. var. ^. 

Caput XXXV. Lens palustris. 

P. 619, 1. Lens palustris vulgaris, C. B. P. Iiemna minor L. 
2. Lenticulam palustrem majorem. ... L. polyrhiza L. 
8. Lenticula aquatica trisuloa, C. B. P. L, triauloa L. 
5. Lens palustris quadrifolia, J. B. 785. Cited Sp. PI. 1099. 
Marailea quadrifolia L. 

The following species (two sheets) is not mentioned in 
the Hisioria : 

Filicula repens Quadr if olii Phaei facie, oris spermophoros. 
Ex hidia Ori ntali : Ary Elle Maldbarorum. Pluk. Amalth. 
Bot. p. 95, tab. iOl. M. coromandeliana Willd., teste 
J. G. Baker. 

Caput XXXVI. Tribulns aquaticus. 

P. 619, 1. Tribulus aquaticus major. Park. 1248. Leaves only. Trapa 
natana L. 

Caput XXXVII. 

P. 620. Umbilicus aquaticus maximus Chinensis. No specimen. 
Cited Sp. PI. ed. Willdenow, 1259, for Xfelumbium 
specioaum Willd. 

Caput XXXVIII. Ros solis. 

P. 620, 1. Ros solis folio subrotundo, C. B. P. Drosera rotundi- 

folia L., with D. longifolia L. 
2. Ros solis folio oblongo, C. B. P. D. anglica Huds. 
4. Ros solis Lusitanicus foliis Asphodeli minoris, Tourn. Cited 

Sp. PI. 282. D. lusitanica L. = Droaophyllum lusitani- 

cura Link. 

Caput XXXIX. Eqnisettuu. 

P. 621, 1. Equisetum majus aquaticum, J. B. 729. E. maximum 
Lam. 

2. E. aiTense longioribus setis, C. B. P. E. arvenae L. 

3. E. palustre minus, Park. 1200. E. paluatre L. 



204 PLANTARUM HISTOEIAE OXONIENSIS 

4. E. sive Hippuris tenuissiraa non aspera, J. B. 730. E. sylva- 

tiotun L. 

5. E. paluBtre minus polystachion, C. B. P. ' In aquosis Michel- 

feldensibus provenit.' E. variegatum Schleichsr. 

6. E. palustre brevioribua foliis polyspermum, C. B. P. Hip- 

puris vulgaris L. 

7. E. palustre ramosum aquis immersum, Ambrosin. Cerato- 

phyllxim BUbmersuin L. sens lat. 

8. E. foetidum sub aqua repens, C. B. P. 5. Chara vulgaris L. 

9. E. fragile majus subcinereum aquis immersum. Cited Sp. 

PI. 1156 for 0. tomentosa L., but erroneously. One speci- 
men is C. hispidaL. It came from£eso)-sZe«</A[Bes3elsleiglT] 
Berks. 
10. E. sive Hippuris muscosus . . . Sherardi. Found in Ireland 
by W. Sherard. The earliest Britisb example of C. poly- 
acantha Braun. 

12. E. nudum non ramosum sive junceum, C. B. P. Represented 

by Eqiusetum hyemale L., and by B. limosum L. 

13. E. foliis nudum ramosum, C. B. P. E. limosum L. var. 

fluviatile (L.). 
17. E. polygonoides Bacciferum minus, nobis. No specimen. 
Cited Hort. CUff. 465. Ephedra distachya L. 

Caput XL. DXEiUefolium aq^naticam. 

P. 622, 2. Millefolium aquaticum dictum Viola aquatica secundum, 
J. B. Hottonia palustris L. 

4. M. palustre galericulatum, Ger. Emac. XJtrioularia major 

Schmid., probably the earliest British example. 

5. M. palustre galericulatum minus flore minore, Rail, 3. Syn. 

tJ. minor L. From Westmorland. 

6. M. aquaticum pennatum spicatum 8, C. B. P. Myrio- 

phyllum spicatum L. 

7. M. aquaticum minus. ... 'In fossa prope Lodden-bridge 

baud longe a Redinga oppido.' M. alterniflorum DC., 
confirmed by Dr. Stapf ; the earliest British record. 

Bistributio Octava : Plantas alias terrestres inferioris 
ordinis, continens. 

Caput XLI. Iiiclien. sive Hepatica terrestris. 

P. 623, 1. Lichen acaulis seu Hepatica vulgaris, Park. 1315. Cono- 
cephalus conicus iNeck.). 
3. L. acaulis potraeus minimus fructu Orobi, 7. C. B. P. The 
name suggests Targionia hypophylla L. : but the speci- 
mens seem to be Liiniilaria cruciata (L.), and Pellia epi- 
phylla(L.). 



PARS III. SECT. XV 205 

5. L. acaulis minimus foliis venosis . . . Raii Syn. Dillenius 
says of the specimen, non est vera planta sed Lichen panus 
erectus foliis profunde laciniatis, Phiken., that is it is no. 4. 
Found plentifuU in Bagly Wood, on the left hmid. Pellia 
oalyoina (Tayl.). 

8. L. caulifer petraeus stellatus 2 C. B. P. Marchantia poly- 
morpha L. 

Also a sheet labelled Lichen petraeus cauliculo longo 
pileoluin parvum sustinente. Buddie. Preissia oommutata 
(Lindb.). Also a piece of Marchantia polymorphao^. 

Caput XLII. Muscns. 

P. 623, 1. Muscus clavatus sive Lycopodium Ger. 1562. Lyoopodium 
olavatxim L. 
2. M. terrestris repens . . . Pluk. Tab. 47. From Shotover (Oxon.), 
the first record for the County. Cited Hort. Cliff. 476. 
L. olavatimi L. 
624, 3. M. clavatus juniperinis foliis reflexis. . . . Cited Sp. PI. 1103. 
Ii. annotimim L. 

5. M. clavatus foliis Cupressi, C. B. P. L. complanatum L., 

and Ij. alpinum L. 

6. M. Zeylanicus terrestris clavatus erectus. 'A D. Hermanno 

nobiscum communicatum.' Cited Sp. PI. 1103. L. cer- 
nuum L. 

7. M. montanus flagellis longis . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 1127. 

Hypnum viticulosum L. = Anomodon vitioTilosus Hook. 
& Tayl. 

8. M. terrestris aureus minor. . . . Cited Sp. PI. 1126. Hypnum 

cupressiforme L. 

9. M. terrestris Abietiformis Raii Syn. Cited Hort. Cliff. 476, 

n. 2. Lycopodium Selago L. 

10. M. terrestris erectus minor polyspermos Raii Syn. As 

Dillenius notes, two different genera are represented : the 
left-hand specimen is Lyoopodium. setaceum Hamilton ; 
the right-hand specimen and those in envelopes are, teste 
C. H. Wright, Selaginella spinosa Beauv. 

11. M. terrestris repens humilior. ... L. inundatum L., and 

Selaginella spinosa Beauv. 

12. M. terrestris repens Virginianus. ... D. Banister. Cited 

Sp. PL 1102. L. alopeouroides L. 

Caput XLIII. Uusci terrestres vulgares repentes, 
iis^ne afB.aes. 

P. 624, 1. Muscus terrestris latioribus foliis major sen vulgaris K. 
2 sheets. Hypnum triquetrum L. (Hylocomiuni). 



200 PLANTARUM HISTOEIAE OXONIENSIS 

2. M. terrestris erectior foliis reflexis R. Syn. Found on Bilton 
Field on ye skirts of Dunsmore Heath by Mr. Petiver. Cited 
Sp. PI. 1127. Hypnum squarrosum L. = Hylocomium 
squarrosum Wils. 
Another sheet {^Buddie) is Hypnum ouspidatiun L. 
625, 3. M. terrestris vulgaris minor Adianthi . . . 2 R. Hist. 
Braohythecium rutabuluiu Wils. 

4. M. palustris albicans, capitulis erectis brevibus ... 4 Raii 

Syn. Sphagnum cymbifolium Ehrh. 

5. M. terrestris repens . . . 8 R. Syn. Cited Sp. PI. 1123. 

Hypnum complanatum L. = n'eckera complanata Hiib. 

A second sheet, -which agrees with Tab. v, fig. 5, is 
Eurbynchium praelongum (L.) Hobk. 

6. M. terrestris repens velut spicatus 4 C. B. Prod. From D. 

Stephens. Amblystegium filiclnum De Not. 

7. M. terrestris vulgari similis lanuginosus D. Lhwyd, R. Syn. 

Cited Sp. PI. 1120. Bryum HypnoidesL. = Kbacomitrium 
lanuginosum Brid. 

Also a specimen, upon dry rocks in Craven plentifully 
(Dr. Richardson). 

8. M. cristam castrensem repraesentans. . . . Cited Sp. PI. 1126 

for Hypnum Crista-castrensis L. : but the specimen is H. 
commutatum Hedw. 

10. M. terrestris major . . . D. Sher. Ex Hibemia attulit D. 

Sherard. Cited Sp. PI. 1124. Hypnum crispum L. = 
Neokera crispa Hedw. 

11. M. terrestris medius supinus & repens . . . 7 R. Syn. On the 

sheet is a fragment of a letter from Tilleman Bobart. 
Hypnum cupressiforme L. 

Another sheet, with a note by Buddie ; the specimen is 
queried by Mr. H. N. Dixon as the var. elatum. 

Another sheet is H. cuspidatum. L., and another 
H. Sohreberi Willd. 

12. M. terrestris repens subflavus. . . . Found on the high wall on 

the west side of Godstow Coppis, Oxon. Hypnum mol- 
luscum Hedw. 

13. M. terrestris Virginianus minimus subflavus. E Virginia. 

Anomodon rostratus Schimp. 

14. M. terrestris omnium minimus. . . . Neer Hockley, March 12, 

97. Cited Sp. PI. 1130 ' f. 14. 21 '. Hypnum serpens L. = 
Amblystegium serpens Wils. 

Also another sheet, A. Juratzkanum Schimp., and 
Eurhynchium Swartzii Hobk. : also another, E. prae- 
longum var. Stokesii Brid. 
16. M. terrestris surculis compressis . . . R. Syn. Two sheets. 
Weokera complanata Hub., and Homalothecium seri- 
ceum B. & S. 



PAHS in. SECT. XV 207 

17. M. palustris terrestri similis foliolis crassis . . . R. Syn. 

Hypnum falcatnun Brid. 

A second sheet, from Buddie, with a similar name in 
Bobart's writing, is H. cupressiforme L. 

18. M. ramosus palustris major . . . D. Vernon. 9 R. Syn. 

(Buddie). Eurliynoliiuni striatum Br. & Seh. 
20. M. Filicinus major, C. B. P. Cited Sp. PI. 1125. Hypnum 
proliferum L. = Thuidium tamarisoinum Br. & Sch. 
626,22. M. terrestris surculis filamentosis. ... On the hill above 
Hinksey (Berks.) where ye orchis anthropophora grows. 
Cited Sp. PI. 1126. Hypnum abietinum L. = Thuidium 
abietinum Br. & Sch. 

23. M. aquaticus pubescens pennatus. From Dr. Richardson: 

rightly referred by Dillenius to Raii Syn. 81, n. 8. Poro- 
trichum alopeotinim Mitt. 

24. M. repens major . . . Sherardi. A D. Sher. in Hyhernia 

collect. Cited Sp. PI. 1127. Hypnum loreum L. = Hylo- 
comium loreum Br. & Sch. 

25. M. terrestris luteo-viridis . . . R. Syn. Cited Sp. PI. 1129. 

H. sericeum L. = Homalotheoium sericeum Br. & Sch. 

26. M. repens Serici modo lucens . . . R. Syn. App. Godstow 

wall (Buddie). Cited Sp. PI. 11.30 (fig. 27). H. sciuroides 
L. = Leucodon sciuroides Schwaegr. 

27. M. Cupressiformis ramosus 9 C. B. Prod. Amblysteglum 

fiJiclnum De Not. ; another sheet is Eurhynchium 
myurum Dixon ; and another, Brachytheoium purum 
Dixon. 

28. M. terrestris surculis Kali . . . R. Syn. EurhyncMum 

myurum Dixon ; another sheet is B. purum Dixon. 
80. M. dendroides sylvarum erectus . . . R. Syn. Cited Sp. PI. 
1128. Hypnum alopecurum L. = Thamnium alopeeurum 
Br. & Sch. 

31. M. dendroides elatior, ramulis crebris . . . R. Syn. Cited Sp. 

PI. 1128. H. dendroides L. = Climacium dendroides 
W. &M. 

Musci terrestres, minus ramosi, acutis foliolis. 

32. M. aquaticus viticulis longis . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 1107. 

Eontinalis antipyretica L. 

38. M. denticulatus lucens fluviatilis maximus . . . D. Pluk. Aim. 
One specimen, from Dr. Richardson, is Plagiothecium 
undulatum Br. & Sch. ; the other is Erachythecium 
rutabulum Br. & Sch. 

34. M. repens foliolis alterius subrotundis . . . nobis. No speci- 
men. Cited Sp. PI. 1105 for Lycopodium helveticum L. = 
Selaginella helvetica (L.). 



208 PLANTAEUM HISTOEIAE OXONIENSIS 

35 M. denticulatus minor sericeus nostras capitulis Adiatiti. 
Cited Sp. PI. 1124. Hypnum rutabulum L. The upper 
specimen is Eurhynchium murals Milde, the other 

E. ruBoiforme Milde. 

3G. M. pennatus capitulis Adianthi. Cited Sp. PI. 1122. H. den- 
ticulatum L. = Plagiotheoium dentieulatum Br. & Sch. 
Another sheet is P. sylvatlcum Br. & Sch. 

Musci terrestres minus ramosi, rotundioribus foliis pellucidis. 

627, 39. M. polytrichoides palustris major . . . nobis. From Newbury, 
Berks. No specimen. Cited Sp. PI. 1113 for Mnium ser- 
pyllifolium L. var. a punctatum L. = M. punctatum 
Hedw. 

40. M. Polytrichoides humilior . . . nobis. In moist places upon 

the sides of all our mountains. Dr. Richardson. M. punc- 
tatum Hedw. 

41. M. Trichomanis facie. . . . One specimen from Richardson, 

In shady woods and upon the hanks of our brooks, Yorkshire. 
Plagjochila asplenioides (L.) ; also another sheet of 
unlocalized specimens. 

42. M. Trichomanoides foliis rotundioribus. ... ' Via publica, a 

Villa Wickham (Bucks.) dicta ad Oxonium ducente.' Cited 
Sp. PI. 1131. Jungermannia asplenioides L. var. = 
Plagioohila asplenioides (L.). On the same sheet is 
Bazzania trilobata (L.). Gr. & B. 

43. M. Trichomanis facie species minima . . . D. Richardson. 

Badula complanata (L.). 

44. M. muralis floridus foliis subrotundis. ' Super murorum 

vetustorum Oxoniensium.' Cited Sp. PI. 1134. J. platy- 
phylla L. = Madotheca platyphylla (L.). 

On the same sheet is a specimen M. involuta Hpe. from 
North America. 

45. M. Lichenoides foliis cauli squamatim incumbentibus . . . R. 

Syn. Erullania Tamarisci (L.) ; also two specimens of 

F. dilatata (L.). 

46. M. Lichenoides foliis pennatis bifidis major, Doodii, Rail Syn. 

App. [6 and 7.] Lophooolea bidentata (L.). 

Also a specimen from Dr. Richardson who says it is not 
less frequent than the former [627. 41] in Yorkshire : it is 
growing on Pellia epiphylla (L.). 

47. M. Lichenoides foliis pennatis bifidis minor, Raii ibid. ' In 

fonte D. Winifredae apud Salopienses reperitur.' Cited 
Sp. PI. 1132. Jungermannia bidentata = L. bidentata (L.). 

The type from St. Winifred's is ChilosoyphuB poly- 
anthus (L.), as is another from D. Lhwyd. 

A specimen labelled bifidis major ex sententia D. Buddie 
is L. bidentata (L.): another labelled 2). Buddie collect, 
inter muse, palust. repens is Kantia Trichomanis (L.). 



PAES III. SECT. XV 209 

48. M. aquaticus Cornubiensis. ... D. Stevens. ' E stagno Dart- 

more.' Jungermannia riparia Tayl. 

On another sheet is M. trichomanoides purpureus Alpinis 
rivulis innascens D. Lhwyd, from Wales, Pleurozia coch- 
leariformis (Weiss.) ; also a specimen similis sed multo 
minor, D. Doody, e Comubia, Marsupella emarginata 
(Ehrh.). Another sheet from D. Lhwyd, on ye top of ye 
mountains in ye highest rivulets, Wales, Soapania purpu- 
rasoens (Hook.). Another unlocaUzed specimen is Nardia 
compressa (Hook.). 

49. M. palustris Anglious . . . R. Hist. Hymenophylluiii tun- 

bridgense Sm. 
628, 50. M. terrestris Indicus platyceros Filioem referens. No speci- 
men. Cited Sp. PI. 1103 (fig. 51) for Lycopodium Bryo- 
pteris L. = Selaginella Bryopteris Baker. 

Caput XLIII [bis]. Hi gennini Musci capitnla ciuoqixe 
lateribns prodimt. 

§ 3. Musei erecti, capillaribus affines, ca/pitulis erectis. 

P. 628, 1. M. erectus hirsutus capitulis longis acutis. . . . Cited Sp. 
PI. 1117, f. 12. Bryum rurale L. = Tortula niralis Ehrh. 
Another sheet, Muscus capillaris minor . . . Raij Syn. 
11. 28. T. muralis Hedw. 

2. M. tectorum densis cespitibus. ... On the lower Plant house 

<Sf divers other places plentifull, Oxford. T. ruralis Ehrh. 
Another specimen on the sheet is T. intermedia Berkely. 

3. M. trichoides humilis ramosus. . . . Cited Sp. PI. 1130. 

From Mr. Dyer, Devon. Hypnum myosuroides L. = 
Eurhynchium myosuroides Schimp. 

4. M. trichoides parvus . . . D. Doody, R. Syn. Ed. 2, App. 

By Hockley House in March. Cited Sp. PL 1111, f. 4 and 
16. Mnium purpureum L. = Ceratodon purpureus 
Brid. : but the larger specimen ia Amblystegium serpens 
Br. & Sch. 

5. M. trichoides foliis capillaceis . . . Doodei, R. Syn. App. 

Ed. 2. From the Birch trees in Chilswell Copse in moistish 
ground (Qerks.). Cited Sp. PI. 1118. Bryum heteromallum 
Dioranella heteromalla Schimp. 

6. M. trichoides minimus sericeus capillaceus. . . . Cited Sp. 

PI. 1116. Bryum pomiforme L. = Bartramia pomi- 
formis Hedw. 

7. M. terrestris repens parvus ... 10 R. Syn. Dioranella 

heteromalla Schimp. 

8. M. trichoides palustris. 'Aquosis paludibus circa Oxonium.' 

Cited Sp. PI. 1110. Mnium fontanum L. = Fhilonotis 
f on tana Brid. 



210 PLANTAEUM HISTOEIAE OXONIENSIS 

629, 9. M. palustris flagellis erectis luteolis. ... 'Ex Hjbeniia 
D. Sherard attulit, et in paludibus et baud longe a 
Rediuga oppido inveni.' Cited Sp. PI. 1110. Mnium 
palustre L. = Aulaoomnion palustre Schwaegr. 

10. M. aureus capillaris minor . . . Pluk. Aim. This was found 

by Mr. Sherard about Southampton. Cited Sp. PI. 1108. 
Splachnum ampullaceum L. 

11. M. polyti'ichoides exiguis capitulis in summis surculis 4 R. 

Syn. Cited Sp. PL 1123. Hypnum bryoides L. = Pisai- 
dens bryoides Hedw. 

12. M. muralis minimus roseus sive stellaris. . . . Mixed speci- 

mens. Amblystegium serpens Br. & Sch., and Barbula 
convoluta Hedw. 

Dillenius wrongly referred tbis to Ray Syn. 96, n. 24. 
B. revoluta Brid. 

§ 4. Musci erectiores . . . pediculis brevioribus insidentibus. 

13. M. bumilis tectorum subfuscus . . . nobis. Orthotricliiun 

anomalum Hedwig. On the buttresses in Mag. Col. quad- 
rangle and diverse other places. 

Also a specimen of O. eupulatum Hoffm. var. nudum 
Braithw., and Grimmia pulvlnata Sm. 

14. M. trichoides minimis capillaceis foliis. . . . Mixed speci- 

men of Barbula revoluta Brid. and Dicranoweisia 
eirrata Lindb. • 

§ 5. Musci erecti minores capitulis reflexis, pediculis 
longioribus. 

15. M. trichoides capitulo parvo reflexo ... 2 Raii Syn. On the 

walls of Godstow street, March 24, 97. Cited Sp. PI. 1121. 
Bryum caespiticium L. 

16. M. trichoides terrestris minimus capitulis recurvis. Cera- 

todon purpureus Brid. 

17. M. minimus e viridi argenteus capitulis oblongis cemuis. 

Cited Sp. PL 1121. Bryum argenteum L. 

Two sheets : one labelled, Found in our Greenhouse 
garden, in a pan among young Cedars, Jan. 24, 95. Another 
sheet, similarly labelled, is probably Webera nutans Hedw. 

18. M. minor pallidus foliis angustissimis ... 9 Raii Syn. 

Hypnum stellatum Schreb. 

19. M. capillaris foliolis latiusculis congestis . . . Raii Syn. Cited 

Sp. PL 1121. Bryum capillare L. : on the same sheet 
a specimen of B. caespiticium L. 

20. M. capillaris major et elatior ... 6 Raii Syn, B. pseudo- 

triquetrum Schwaegr. 



PAES III. SECT. XV 211 

§ 6. Musci erecti minores, capitulis reflexis, pedicuUs 
Irevioribtis. 

21. M. trichoides hirsutie canescena ... 3 Raii Syn. Grimmia 

piilviiiata Sm. 
630, 22. M. trichoides montanus albidus fragilis D. Doody, Raii Syn. 

App. Among the dry limestone rocks in Craven (Yorks.). 

(Dr. Richardson.) Found hy Mr. Sylvester of Merton Coll. in 

ye boggs about Cheavley towards Newberry, (Berks), Aug. 16, 

93. Cited Sp. PL 1118. Bryum glaucum L. = Leucobryum 

glaucum Schimp. 
23. M. trichoides parvus capitulo conglomerato . . . Doodii, 31 

R. Syn. Aulacomnion androgynum Lindb. 
Another sheet from Dr. Richardson, Among the limestone 

rocks in Craven, York, is Scapania resuplnata (L.). 

Caput XLIV. 

§ 8. Musci Goronidiferi, sive ex apicilus capitula producentes. 

P. 630, 1. Muscus ad Polytrichoidem accedens . . . nobis. One sheet 
from Dr. Richardson. Mnium undulatum Hedw. 

2. M. polytriohoides elatior foliis angustis pellucidis ... 20 R. 

Syn. M. Tindulatmn Hedw. 

3. M. polytrichoides humilius foliis brevioribus raris. . . No 

specimen. Cited Sp. PL 1112, f. 3 and 4forM. hornumL. 

4. M. polytrichoides angustifolius. . . . One specimen labelled 

by Dr. Richardson, Under large stones arid in the caverns of 
rocks plentifully. M. homum L. 

6. M. coronatus medius pileolo villoso tenuiore, nobis. Cited 

Sp. PI. 1109. P. commune var. /3 L. Polytrichxun juni- 
periaum Hedw. 

7. M. coronatus rigidus minor . . nobis. One sheet Found by 

Mr. Sylvester towards Neioberry, Berks. Cited Sp. PL 1112. 
Mnium polytrichoides L. = Fogonatum nanum Beauv. 

8. M. coronatus humilis rigidior . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PL 1109. 

P. commune L. var. /3 = Polytriohum jiiniperinum 
Hedw. 

9. M. coronatus humilis foliolis latioribus . . . nobis. Cited Sp. 

PL 1113. Mnium serpyllifolium L. var. proliferum L. = 
Bryum roseum Schreb., mixed with Catharinea undulata 
Roehl. 

10. M. coronatus Norwegicus. . . . Only a drawing. Cited Sp. 

PL 1108. Splaehnum rubriiia L. 

11. M. coronatus medius foliis tenuiasimis . . . nobis. Includes 

Dicranvun majus Turn., and D. palustre La Pyl. 

On the same sheet are specimens from Buddie and Doody, 
with different name, belonging to D. scopariuna Hedw. 
P 2 



212 PLANTARUM HISTORIAE OXONIENSIS 

12. M. coronatu3humilis,tenuifoliu3. . . . Godstow wall in March 
(Oxon.). Cited Sp. PI. 1116. Bryum extinctorium L. = 
Encalypta extinotoria Lindb. 
631, 13. M. coronatus humilis, corniculis longiasimis acutissimis. . . . 
Tortula muralis Hedw. 

Also a specimen Comictdis longiasimis incurvis R. Syn. 
29, Buddie. Tortula subulata, teste Lindberg. 

14. M. coronatus erectus minor. ... T. laevlpila Sohwaegr. : 

with it probably T. muralis Hedw. 

15. M. capillaria majusculus . . . 6 R. Syn. Catharinea undulata 

Roehl = Atrichum undulatiun (L.) P. B. 

16. M. coronatus humilis stellaris. . . . Found Apr. 30 Eastwards 

from Mr. Alder s House in a moist wood S^ in the ditches 
on the E. side of Heddington plentifully. Cited Sp. PI. 1116. 
Bryum pyriforme L. = Physeomitrixun pyriforme Brid. 

17. M. coronatus minor foliolis latiusculis . . . Found hy 

Mr. Dyer in Heddington Quarry, Feb. 6, 95 (Oxon.). Cited 
Sp. PI. 1111. Mnium hygrometricum L. = Funaria 
hygrometrica Hedw. 

Another sheet, under Vernon's synonym 29 R. Syn., is 
Fhascum aoaulon L. 

18. M. coronatus minimus, foliolis & capitulis oblongis. . . 

Cited Sp. PI. 1119. Bryum truncatulum L. = Pottia 
truncatula Lindb. 

Bobart's specimens from the wall . . . Godstow House. 
March 24, 1697 (Oz-on.), supposed to be the same as Doody's, 
are Pottia cavifolia Ehrh., teste L. 0. Lindb. Another 
specimen is Weiaia viridula Brid. 

19. M. coronatus minimus capillaceis foliis, capitulis oblongis. 

Ulota crispa Brid. 

20. M. coronatus minimus. ... No specimen. Cited Sp. PI. 

1110 for Mnium androgynum L. = Aulacomnion andro- 
gynum (L.). 

The following are specimens of Mosses in the Herbarium, 
the names of which are not printed in the Historia, but 
were subsequently entered by Bobart in manuscript on 
interleaved pages in his copy. 
625, MS. Ad Museum viilg. fiagellis tenn thus foliis minimis Doody, 
proxime accedit. 1 edit. E. Syn. 244. Hypnum commu- 
tatum Hedw. 

M. erect, palust. albus foliis capillaceis. Doody, R. Syn. App. 
324. Sphagnum ouspidatum Ehrh. 

M. erect, fol. caulibus appressis. Doody. R. S. App. 337. Hyp- 
num Sehreberi Willd. 

M. pennatus major cauliculis ramosis in summitate velut spi. 
catus. loh. Loeselii in Flora Prussica 166. M. aiioreus 



PARS III. SECT. XV 213 

sericeus Ahielifotynis. D. Sher. Badminton (GloB.). Homa- 
lotheoium serioeum B. & S. 

A second sheet, An Muscus pennatus mi)ior . . . loli. 
Loeselii in Flora Prussica, p. 167? is Eurhynohium stria- 
tum B. & S. 

A third sheet bears a specimen of E. praelongum (L.) 
Hobk. 

M. terr. Myricae foliis. D. Vei'non. Hylooomium splendens 
Br. & Sch. 

M. pdlustris Scorpioides ramosus erectus. Doody ? M. palustiis 
surcuUs quasi puitffentibtis, capitulis ferrum equinum referen- 
tihis. Buddie. Bol. et ah ipso H. Ox. p. 625. Videtur 18, 
p. 625. Hypnum ouspidatum L. 

A second sheet, An Muse, ramos.palust. major fol. membra- 
naceis acutis. D. Vernon ? 19. R. Syn., bears two specimens, 
one Isotheeiiun myurumBrid., the other Ifeckera com- 
planata Htibn. 

M. palust. valde ramosus surculis crehriorihus foliolis in teniies 
et longos mucrones productis, 14 B. Syn. 39. On the label in 
Buddie's hand is -mritten, / take this to be M. palustris valde 
ramosus etc. B. Syn. 39. li, tho I have another or two yt claim 
yt title in this iSf some others I shall give a note of. I desire 
to hear from you about mosses. Amtalystegium filicinum 
De Not. 

M. fluitans fol. et flagelKs longis tenuibusque. D. Sher. in 
Doody App. B. Syn. Found March 25, 1700. In the ditch 
of water almost at the farther end of Marston lane iieer the 
turning up the bach side of Heddington hill (Oxon.). 
Hypnum adimoum Hedw. 

M. Filicinus perelegans crispatus. D. Dandridge, Mus. Pet. 
Fig. 438. M. palustris Absinththii folio insipidus. Tournef. 
Inst. B. H. In sylva Highgate (Middlesex). Ptilidium 
ciliare (L.) Hampe. 

626, MS. M. tetrest. splendide lutescens, surculis et foliis praelongis tenui- 
busque. JD. Buddie. Two sheets. Camptothecium lute- 
scens Br. & Sch. 

M. Fontalis minor lUcens. J. B. ex sententia D. Doody. 

D. Buddie. Cinclidotus fontinaloides P. Beauv. 
M. pennatus major aquis fluitains Adianti aurei capitulis 

D. Sherard. Eurhynohium rusoiform^e Milde. 

M. FilicifoUus 8. pennatus a^uat/icus maximus. B. Syn. p. 35. 
Two specimens on the same sheet, one with a note by 
Buddie, on boughs lying in ye water. Fissidens adiantoides 
Hedw. 

M. pinnafus aquat. Buddie, D\oody']. Amblystegium ripa- 
rium Br. & Sch. 



214 PLANTAEUM HISTORIAE OXONIENSIS 

M. peniiahis aqnat. major. D. Buddie. Ad ripasfluvii Thamesis 
aliisqite. Brachythecium rutabulum Br. & Soh. 

M. 2>^'»«cittis aquaticun minor. Ad ripaa flutii Thamesis. 
A sheet of mixed specimens. Leskea polycarpa Ehrh. ; 
Cryphaea heteromalla Mohr. ; Mnium hornum L. ; 
another labelled a D. Richardson, is Pterygophyllum 
luceus Brid. 

M. pennatus sylvaticua, D. Doody, Buddie. Three sheets of 

mixed specimens, some of which are Brachythecium 

rutabulum Br. & Sch., Plagiothecium denticulatum 

Br. & Soh., and Eurhynchium murale Milde. 

627, MS. M. trichoides palust. erectus foliis refleocis D. Richardson 

B. Syn. App. 33S. Bryum bimum Schreb. 

M. denticulatus minor C. B. P. D. Sherard. Selaglnella 
denticulata Link (cf. 626, 34). M. denticulatus major 

C. B. P. S. helvetica Link. Both species on the same 
sheet. 

628, MS. M. foliis caulihus appensis uno versa dispositis viticulis 
minorihus. Doody. Buddie. Barbiila rigidula Mitt. 

A second sheet of mixed specimens. Brachythecium 
velutinum Br. and Sch. Hypnum cupressiforme var. 
resupinatum Schp. 

629, MS. M. eapiilaris parvus cum madefactus stellulae modo se apperiens. 

Buddie. Zygodon viridissimus R. Br. On the same 
sheet is M. capitulo apodi minor hirsutus pileis striatis. 
Buddie. Orthotrichum diaphanum Schrad. and TJlota 
Bruehii Hornsch. 

M. triohoides minimus cupitnlis creheiyimis parvis ruffishrevibus 
pyriformihus in pediculis hrevissimis. Vernon. E. Syn. 33. 
Pottia truncatula Lindb. On the same sheet are speci- 
mens of the same species from Buddie and Doody. 

M. trichoides fontanus minor capit. turgidulis reflexis camei 
color-is Vernon est forsitan 27, p. 33 R. Syn. Buddie's hand- 
writing. Webera carnea Schp. 

M. argenteo persimilis excepto colore. Buddie. Bryum. atro- 
purpureum W. & M. 

M. eapiilaris surculis tenuibus capitulis varHs. Buddie. N. D. 
TetraphiB pellucida (L.) Hedw. 

630, MS. M. trichoides capitulis apodibus per longitudinem caulium jtro- 

diicens, D. Sheratd, Badminton. M. apocarpos arhoribus 
adnascens polyspermos. E. Hist. vol. 3. 2>. 39. Cryphaea 
heteromalla Mohr. 
An Muscus apocarpos arboribus adnascens minor Sherard. 
E. Hist. rol. 3. 40. Buddie. Grimmia apocarpa Hedw. 

M. stellaris sylvarum capitulis magnis nutantibus, Vernon 
Eaii Syn. 35. A label attached, in Buddie's hand, reads, 



PARS III. SECT. XV 215, 

I do not find this in your Iliatory, w' you sent me for ye 

4. 630 was nothing but this not in head. Mnium homum L. 
Adiant. aureum medium fol. tenuiss. capit. erectis acutis. V. Syn. 

prius edit. p. 237. This is Bobart's specimen found ' In the 

Bogs of Bagley-wood near Oxford ' ; see Ray Syn. ed. i. 

p. 237 App. Dicranum sooparium Hedw. 
631, MS. M. capillaris minor capitulis erectis vulgatissimus. Eaii Syn. 28 

et Raii Syn. p. 33. Vernon. Tortula muralis Hedw. 
M. trichoides minor acaulos capillaceis foliis. Mus. Pet. Fig. 87. 

V. Doody in App. E. Syn. p. 339. Pleuridium subulatum 

Rab. 
M. polytrichoides perexiguus capitulis in summis surcidis sen 

foliis suhrotimdis erectis, E. Syn. p. 35, Fissidens incurvus 

Starke. 

The following specimens of Mosses are in the Herbarium, 
but are not in any way mentioned by Bobart in the 
Historia. 

M. polylrichoides aquaticus foliolis crehris extremis dbtusis et 
subroiiindis, E. Syn. p. 36. Also a specimen on the same 
sheet from Dr. Richardson, upon boggy places uhere Eos solis 
grows. Tvrniiim affine Bland. 

M. cupressinus aureos crassus Barcinonensis nobis (Petiver). 
Hylocomium rugosum De Not. 

M. palustris albicans terrestris, capitulis erectis brevibus, pedi- 
culis etiam brevissimus insidentibus, E. S. p. 37. Sphagnum 
acutifoliiun var. subnitens (R. & W.) Dixon. 

M. canariensis minus ramosus acutis foliis atireis, from Buddie, 
from ye Canaries. Astrodontium canariense Schwaeg. 

M. Trichomanoides e ciijus singula corona, plurima oriuntur 
capita. 5, 6. 1702. Mnium undulatum L. 

M. trichoides capitulis oblongis reflexis, D. Doody, E. Synops. 
App. 243. Bryimi caespitioium L. 

M. terrestris repens Lycopodii ferme facie, E. App. Doody. 
Plagiothecium undulatum Br. & Soh. 

M. pennatus dendroides repens capitulis longis nutantibus. 
Pottia interm.edia Lindb. 

M. doinesticus nostras' surculis erectis rigidis capitulis in pedi- 
culos perbreves. Buddie. An attached specimen bears, 
D. Sherard e Germania. Antitrichia curtipendula Brid. 

M. anapodacaipos. Dillenius wrongly refers this to Hist. 
(Muse. p. 245) n. 4. Syn. St. Br. iii. p. 104, 3 which is 
Gvimmia apocarpa Hedw. Hedwigia ciliata Ehrh. 

An unnamed specimen labelled Found by Mr. Urrey in 
a plashie place in Wiltshire. Zygodon Mougeotii Br. & 
Sch, and Trichostomum tortuosum Dixon. 



216 PLANTAEUM HISTOEIAE OXONIENSIS 

M. alpinus cirlosus, crinmm reioriorum instar crispatus. 
Joh. Jac. propria manu script. Gazophyl. nostri, Tab. LXV, 
Fig. 8. Triohostomum tortuosiun Dixon. 

M. capillaris palustris rubens capitulis reflexis. Doody. Buddie. 
? Bryum pseudotriquetrum Schwaegr. 

Bistributio Nona : De Plantis minus perfectis. 
Caput XLV. Uusco-fuugns. 

§ 1. Musco-fungi e terra prominentes, latiores. 

P. 632, 1. M. terrcstris latifolius cinereus Hepaticae facie, nobis. 
Cited Sp. PI. 1149. Lichen canina L. =Peltigera canina 
Hoffm. 

2. M. terrestris superne cinereus Mandicus. This is all I have., 

and it came from Piedmont (Buddie). Cetraria islandioa 
(L.) Ach. 

3. M. terrestvis minor crispus . . . Cladonia aloicornis Lightf. 

4. M. terrestris minor fuscus . . . Cited Sp. PJ. 1157. Tremella 

Lichenoides L. = Leptogium laoerum Gray. 

§ 2. Musco-fungi pyxidati. 
P. 632, 3. M. pyxidatus saxatilis, J. B. Cladonia sp. 

4. M. pyxidatus calyce . . . apicibus . . . coccineis. See D. Plot. 

Hist. Nat. Stafford., R. Syn. 21. Cladonia pyxidata(L.) 
Pr. : also a specimen /om«(Z beyond the 2d bog beyond Childs- 
well Berks. 

5. M. pyxidatus Norwegicus tubulo longiore. C. fimbriata 

(L.) Pr. 

6. M. pyxidatus gracilior . . . Cited Sp. PI. 1152. On the same 

sheet as No. 3. Lichen gracilis L. = C. gracilis (L.). 

§ 3. Musco-fungi corniculati. 

P. 632, 1. M. montanus corniculatus, nobis. C. furcata (Huds.) Pr. 
633, 2. M. montanus corniculatus minor . . . Found beyond the 2nd 
bog beyond Ohildswell, Aug. 6, 93. C. fureata (Huds.) Pr. 

Another sheet, with a specimen a D. Pluhenet. C. squa- 
mosa Hffm. or aoariosa Plk. 

4. M. petraeus corniculatus . . . D. Lhwyd. Eamaliaa scopu- 

lorum Ach. 

5. M. ceranoides . . . eburneo nitens. Two specimens on the 

sheet : one Koccella fuciformis (L.) DC, the other Rama- 
lina oalioaris Nyl. 

7. M. ceranoides mollior & elatior albidus tubulosus. C. uncia- 

lis (L.) Web. 



PAES III. SECT. XV 217 

8. M. corniculatuB major cinereus ... 6 Raii Syn. On the 

same sheet as No. 1. C. furcata (Huds.) Fr. 

9. M. coralloides montanus . . . cinereus. Cited Sp. PL 1153. 

L. rangiferinuB L. == Cladonia rangiferina (L.) HofFm. 

One specimen circa Barcelonam colled. : another At 
Hampstead (Buddie) : and a third Fungillus ramosus cancli- 
dus. Found Oct. 4, 98 In Stony lane coming from Wickham, 
Bucks. 

10. M. coralloides montanus . . . fuscus. Three sheets, including 

specimens collected by Doody at Hampstead, and sent by 
Buddie. Catraria aciileata (Schreb.) Fr. 

11. M. coralloides montanus tenuis . . . Bryopogon divergens 

Ach.? 

12. M. coralloides fruticosior & lignosior. At Camedh Lhewellyn 

and elseivhere on Snowdon. Stereocaulon denudatum 
Flk. 

13. M. coralloides terrestris . . . Norwegicus. ' D. Petiver haec 

planta debita est.' Cited Sp. PI. 1154. L. paschalis L. = 
Stereocaulon coralloides Fr. 
15. M. trichoides e nigrediue cinereus . . . Richardson's type 
probably from Yorkshire : this grows upon rocks and old 
trees and sometimes hangs dotim above a foot. Bryopogon 
prolixum (Ach.) Mass. 

§ 4. Musco-fungi crustae modo adnascentes. 

P. 633, 1. M. Lichenoides crustae modo adnascene major cinereus. 
Cited Sp. PI. 1147. Lichen caperatus L. = Parmelia oape- 
rata Ach. 

2. M. Lichenoides arborum . . . Norwegicus. Stletina sorobi- 

culata (Scop.) Nyl. ; also a specimen of Peltigera sp. 

3. M. Lichenoides arborum Hybernicus . . . On the same sheet 

as the preceding : ' D. D. Sherard ex Hybernia.' Bicasolia 
laetevirens (Lightf.) Nyl. 

4. M. Lichenoides arborum crispus cinereus . . ., nobis. Cited 

Sp. PI. 1148. Lichen glaucus L. = Platysma glauoum (L.) 
Nyl. 

The other specimens are : b. Parmelia perlata L. ; 
c. P. caperata L. 
634, 5. M. Lichenoides arborum angustior . . . nobis. Cited Dill. 
Hist. Muse. 148. Parmelia perlata (L.) Ach. 

Other specimens on the two sheets are P. sulcata Tayl., 
and P. saxatilis (L.) Ach. 
6. M. Lichenoides . . . vulgatissimus. On the same sheet as the 
preceding. Cited Sp. PI. 1143. Lichen saxatilis L.= Par- 
melia sulcata Tayl. 



218 PLANTAKUM HISTOEIAE OXONIENSIS 

8. M. Lichenoides minor vulgatissimus flavus. Fungillus aureus 
peltatus minimus. On the Plane tree lefore our dore. Feb. 
2, 9|. Xanthoria parietina (L.). 

On the same sheet is Lichen perpusiUus nigricans crispus 
succulentus hracteolis fuscis. Buddie, which Dillenius has 
marked Syn. 72, n. 53. In the herbarium of the Synopsis 
the type-specimen is C. nifrrescens, with a scrap of C. flacci- 
dum. Here the specimen is CoUema flaocidmn Ach. 
10. M. tartaricus leprosus Scutellaria cinereus. Found about 
Tunhidge. Odirolechia parella (L.) Ach. 

A second sheet, on which are several diverse specimens : 
Lichen crustaceus albescens . . . Pet. On Trees in Caimvood 
neer Hampsted, Variolaria sp. : also Urceolaria scruposa 
Ach., Lecanora subfusca L., and other species. 

§ 5. Musco-fungi e corticibus arhorum dependentes. 

P. 634, 1. M. arboreus platyphyllos . . . nobis. Sticta pulmonacea 
(Dorst.) Schaer. 
2. M. quernus latifolius cinereus. Cited Sp. PI. 1147. Lichen 
fraxineus L. = Kamalina fraxinea (L.) Ach. 

On the same sheet are specimens of Nos. 3 and 4, and 
there is a separate sheet of No. 4; all of the same species. 

5. M. arboreus capitulis rostratis. Cited Sp. PI. 1 146. L. cali- 

caris L. = Kamalina caliearis Nyl. 

6. M. arboreus cinereus scutellatus, . . . marginibus pilosis. 

Three sheets. Cited Sp. PI. 1144. L. ciliaris L.=Pliy3oia 
(AnaptycMa) ciliaris DC. 

On one sheet are also specimens of Physcia tenella Nyl. 
and Parmelia sulcata Tayl. 

7. M. arborum vulgatissimus cinereus . . . Three species are 

represented, the type being probably Evemia prunastri 
Ach. Another is Ramalina farinacea (L.) Ach. There are 
also specimens from Doody, M. Licheniformis cornu simplici 
Eaij Syn. App., which are Cladonia sp. 
Another sheet consists entirely of Evemia prunastri. 

8. M. arborum tenuior . . . Bamalina farinacea (L.) Ach. 

One specimen from Doody, ' / should take this to be 
M. arboreus argut. sctttis in marginibus fol. Pet. but he says 
is yt other.' There is a second sheet of mixed species of 
Ramalina. 

9. M. arboreus cinereus minor marginibus pilosis. On the same 

sheet as No. 8. Physcia (Anaptychla) ciliaris (L.) DC. 

Dillenius has put here M. fungus cinereus minimus 
peltatus — V. tenella Nyl., but Bobart has not numbered it, 
therefore it is Dillenius' interpretation of 634. 9, not 
Bobart's. 



PAES III. SECT. XV 219 

10. M. Norwegicus arborum . . . Evemia furfuracea (L.) Fr. 

11. M. arborum nodosns . . . nobis. Two sheets. Cited Sp. PI. 

1156. Lichen articulatus L. = CTsnea articulata Hoffm. 
635, 12. M. arboreus Canariensis ... U. articulata Hofifm. 

13. M. arboreus vulgaris cornosus cinereus, nobis. Two sheets. 

Usnea Mrta Hoffm. ; with it U. florida (L.) Hoffm. 

14. M. arborum capillaceis scutis amplis . . . nobis. One specimen 

is labelled In Terra Mariana collect. D. Vernon. Two 
sheets. Cited Sp. PI. 1156. Lichen floridus L. = Usnea 
florida (L.) Hoffm. 

15. M. arboreus Norwegicus cinereus . . . XTsnea plioata L. 

16. M. arboreus Canariensis, capillaoeus aurantiacus. Alectoria 

ochroleuca (Ehrh.) Nyl. 

The names of the following specimens of Lichens are 
entered by Bobart in manuscript on interleaved pages in 
his copy of the Historia. 

632, MS. M. pyxidatus elatior margine serrate. Doody, a variety onely. 

Another specimen attached to the same sheet is labelled : — 
M. pyxidatus difformis. Buddie. Cladonia py3idata(L.) Fr. 

633, MS. M. Licheiiiformis cornu ramoso. D. Doody, in App. R. Syn. 

332. C. furcata (Huds.) Fr. 
An Muscus ceranoides incanus minor C. B. Prod. 152, descript. 

C. furcata (Huds.) Fr. 
M. Licheniformis coralloides. Buddie. C. furcata (Huds.) Fr. 
JV/. corniculatus cornu simpilici. Doody. R. Syn. App. C. fur- 
cata (Huds.) Fr. 
M. Licheniformis viridis scyplnilis seu hracteolis nigris in App. 

R. Syn. 331. From Doody. Physcia pulverulenta 

(Schreb.) Nyl. 
Ilnsctis palustris candidus mollis Rangiferorum. This uas 

found by Mr. Ezek. Pargiter, covering the ground in a mootish 

place in Liester shire, soft S; white very thickly g7Viinng. 

Veiy fragmentary. Chara vulgaris L. or possibly C. his- 

pida L. 
634, MS. M. montanus ramosus cinereus. Vernon. R. Syn. 23. Par- 

melia physodes (L.) Ach. 
M. arboreus coralloides, C. B. R. H. Vol. 3. 29. Evemia 

prunastri Ach. 
M. ai horeus platyphyllos segmentis laceratis angustioribus et la- 

tioribus, Doody. Buddie. Cheaveley. Kamalina evemioi- 

des Nyl. 

The following specimens in the Herbarium are not 
mentioned in any way in the Historia. • 

M. pyxidattis elatior calyce cornuto. Cladonia fimbriata 
Hffm. 



220 PLANTAEUM HISTOEIAE 0X0NIENSI8 

M.Alpinus lapidibus adhaerens instar lanae nigrae. D. Stephens 

e Cornuhia. Alectoria sp. 
M. coralloides ir'KaTvSaavcpiXXav, tuherculis pulverulent is do- 

natus. Doody. R. S. App. Tropical. Hoccella Mon- 

tagnei B61. 
M. Indicus platyceros comkulis acutis. Tree Moss. From ye 

East Indies. Roccella Moutagnei Bel. 
An Muscus mont. fruticosior segmentis majoribus nigris. Aim. 

Bat. 255. Dillenius has added :— SV»i. Hi. p. 66. n. 13. 

Sphaerophoron ooralloides Pers. 
Fungus parinis e Gramine excrescens. D. Sloan. Dillenius 

refers it to Syn. iii. p. 67, n. 15. Cladonia ranglferina 

(L.) Hffm. 
M. arhoreus Licheniformis purpurascens, B. S. p. 23. Par- 

melia sulcata Tayl. 
Lichen purpureus Derh. Cork or Arcel. B. Syn. 23. 9 ex sen- 

tentia I). Sloan a quo collect. Parmelia omphalodes Ach. 
A specimen with a label in Adam Buddie's writing which 

states: — You did not take notice of this I found it amongst 

S. Doody's iSf fancy it comes from ye Canaries tho ye Moss 

it groivs to is English . . . upon second thoughts I believe it 

comes from Ireland. Dillenius has written Doody^s writing 

[sic]. Lichenoides Damae cornua referens, subtus villosum 

Hist. n. 108. [Hist. Muse. p. 217, n. 115.] Sticta damae- 

cornis Ach. 

Caput XLVI. Fungus. 

§ 1. Fungi terrestres esculenti lamellati. 
No specimens. 

§ 2. Fungi esculenti non lamellati. 
No specimens. 

§ 3. Fungi suUerranei Tubera dieti. 
No specimens. 

§ 4. Fungi terrestres noxii, pileati, molles, pediculis donati, 
lamellati majores. 

P. 639, 32. Fungus molaris gracilis cinereus, utrinque lamellatus, 
83, Sterb. Tab. 24 A. 

This I found Aprill 12, 88, in the south border on y^ left 

. hand_ without y^ south wall, about 2 or 3 inches high, almost 

flat, furrowed on both sides, of an ash colour about 2 inches 
broad. Coprinus sp. teste E. M. Wakefield. 



PARS III. SECT. XV 221 

§ 5. Fungi terrestres noxii pileati molles, lamellati minores. 
No specimens. 

§ 6. Fungi perniciosi non lamellati majores. 
No specimens. 

§ 7. Fungi perniciosi non lamellati minores. 

641, 2. Funguli incarnati colons minuti Musco innati. PugilL 
Mentz. Tab. 6. This grows common with us upon most 
of our heathy mores. Dr. Richardson. Baeomyces roseus 
Pers. (a Lichen). 

§ 8. Fungi terrestres molliores pediadis carentes. 

4. F. fugax membranaceus pinguis, Magnol. 

This mucilaginous fungus of paUe green colour, li/ing on 
the ground, somewhat eurVd together and looking like haver, 
I found iy our fountain on y^ left hand side, tcvh seemed as 
it were coming out of wormholes. Sept. 18, 95. Ifoatoo 
commtine L. 

On the same sheet is a specimen labelled Fungillus 
aureus campestris ramosus minimus macem referens. Oct. 2il, 
93, heyond y^ Quarrie against. . . . Clavaria muscoides L. 

§ 9. Fungi ramosi. 

641, 1. F. ramosus esculentus elegans. F. ramosus Imperati, 39 

C. B. P. Clavaria sp. 

§ 10. Fungi pulverulenti . 

642, 7. F. pulverulentus Crepitus Lupi dictus major . . . D. Sher. 16. 

Ex Hibernia. Lycoperdon saocatum Vahl. 
9. F. Crepitus Lupi dictus pediculo longiore scabro, 17 Rail Syn. 
(Ed. ii. p. 16.) Lycoperdon sp. 

(With regard to Nos. 7 and 9 see Herbaria of Dillenius, 
p. 12.) 
10. F. Crep. Lup. dictus Virginianus trifidus, D. Banist. E 
Virginia. Lycoperdon sp. 
Another sheet bears a specimen of L. coelatum Bull. 

19. F. spongiosus croceus holosericum referens. D. Lloyd. 

Trentepohlia aurea Mart, (an Alga). On the same 
sheet is 

20. F. spongiosus niger reticulatus . . . D. Doody. 37 R. Syn. 

(p. 18). On the sheet is a Dillenian label, Byssus tenerrima 
murina doliaris, Hist. Muse. p. 6, n. 12. A sterile myce- 
lium : Kacodium ceUare Pers. 



222 PLANTARUM HISTOEIAE OXONIENSIS 

§ 11. Fungi cavi seu calyciformes. 

642, 2. Fungillus Oyathiformis externe fuscus ... In Murleywood 

on the upper side, Oct. 21, 93 (baud longe ab Oxonio) 
Mr. Lloyd. Iiachnea hemispherica Gill. 
4. F. minimus infundibuliformis ... 25 Raii Syn. (p. 17). This Dr. 
Sherard found on rotten cowdung in Ireland. Dr. Richardson. 
On the same sheet as No. 2. Poronia punctata (L.) Fr. 
There is also a specimen of Cyathus striatus (Huds.) 
Hoffm. E Virginia. 

§ 12. Fungi arborei aridiores Sf quasi lignosi, foliacei. 

643, 12. F. lignosus coriaceus . . . 

This I found on an old peece of oak timber of Mr. Crosse's 
sticking close as a Barke, spreading its selfe 3 or i inches 
broad more or less, and seems to creep as an ullcerous sore 
encreases. Aug. 6. 94. Hymenochaete tabacina, L^v. 

A second sheet is Aurioularia mesenterica (Dicks.) Fr. 
18. F. Alno adnascens pectunculi forma . . . D. Sher. ex Hibern. 
Fanus stiptious Fr. 

Another specimen on the same sheet is a Peziza, 
probably P. ochracea, Bond. Mr. Reynolds hooping cup. 
22. F. ramosissimus niger compressus ... 'In Horti solitudine 
Sancti Jacobi prope Londinum, Charissimus Frater Tille- 
mannus hunc Fungum nasoentem coUegit.' 

Rhizomorphs of Armillaria mellea Vahl : also a piece 
of sterile mycelium (Byssus). 

§ 13. Fungi lignosi solidiores, substantiae integrae. 

643, 2. F. fraxineus niger durus orbiculatus, ii Raii Hist. 35 Synops. 

(p. 18). D. Sher. Diatrype buUata (Hoffm.) Fr. 

On the same sheet is a specimen of Polystictus hirsutus 
Fr. : also one labelled Fungillus Lichenoides nigricans con- 
globatus. July 19, 1709. Found on the gravdl walk in our 
Court, a species of CoUema. 

18. F. digitatus niger Laurinus. Oct. 4, 88. Drawing only 

Xylaria polymorpha (Pers.) Grev. 

On the same sheet is a specimen of the same plant, 
labelled F. lignosus niger digitatus Piperl uEthiop. aemulus. 
Z>. Doody ; marked by Dillenius, H. Ox. Hi, p. 643, 2, 
probably intended for p. 643, 20. 

19. F. ramosus niger compressus apicibus albis, 11 Raii Syn. 

(ed. ii, p. 15j. Xylaria hypoxylon (L,) Grev. 

Another sheet of the same bears also a specimen of 
Nectria sp. 



PARS III. SECT. XV 223 

Caput XLVII. Conferva sive Alga fluviatilis. 

P. 644, 1. Conferva, 6er. 1570. Cladophora orispata Kutz. 

2. C. viridis capillacea brevioribus setis . . . Cited Sp. PI. 1167. 

Conferva glomerata L. Found Jul. 93 in the ditch on the 
right hand of the Comon called Mainmash ieyond Stanton 
hy ye wood side, J. B. Cladophora glomerata Kiitz. 

3. C. geniculata minima nostras, D. Pluk. t. 84. On the 

same sbeet as No. 1. Cited Sp. PI. 1166 for Conferva 
capillaris L. The specimen is Cladophora glomerata 
Kiitz. 

4. C. reticulata, Raii Hist. App. On the same sheet as No. 2. 

Cited Sp. PI. 1165. C. reticulata L. = Hydrodictyon 
retioulatum Lagerh. 

5. C. platyphyllos, 5 Raii Syn. Three sheets. Enteromorpha 

inteBtinalis Link. 

The following specimen is not mentioned in the 
Historia. 

C. aquatica trichoides, extremitatibus ramosis, Cat. 
Gias. 199. This name is in the handwriting of Dillenius. 

Found on the side of an old boat at Godstow in the water. 
Cladophora fracta Ktz. 

Distributio Decima : De Plantis submarinis. 

Caput XL VIII. Pucus sive Alga marina. 

§ 1. Fuci acaules subrotundi. 
No specimens. 

§ 2. Fiici acaules latiores inaequal'der divisi. 

P. 645, 1. Fucus sive Alga latifolia . . . 6 C. B. P. 'Ex Ooeano Atlantico 
adfertur.' Porphyra leucosticta Thur. 
2. F. marinus Lactucae folio, 1 C. B. P. ' Oyster green.' On 
the same sheet as No. 1. TJlva latissima J. Ag. 

5. F. sive Alga membranacea purpurea parva, 5 Bail Syn. 

Specimens 1 and 2. Callophyllis lacinlata Kiitz. : Sp. 3 
Nitophyllum laeeratum (Gml.) Grev., with intramarginal 
series of tetraspores. 

6. F. sive Alga folio membranaceo . . ., 8 Bail Syn. Fucus 

sanguineus L. = Delesseria sanguinea Lamx. 

7. F. maritimus Gallopavonis pennas referens, 9 C. B. P. Cited 

Sp. PI. 1162. F. pavonius L. = Padina Pavonia Gaill. 



; 224 PLANT ARUM HISTOEIAE OXONIENSIS 

§ 3. Fuci foliacd acaules angustiores. 

646, 1. F. foliaceus humilis palmam humanam referens. ' Ex 
Anglesey, a Rev. D. Humfreys.' Cited Sp. PI. 1162. F. pal- 
matus L. = Bhodymeuia palmata Grev. 

2. F. membranaceus acaulosangustior . . . liaurencia pinna- 

tiiida Lamx. 

On the same sheet is a decayed frond of Desmarestia 
ligulata Lamx. 

3. F. marinus foliis ciispis subrotundis in summitate bifldis, 

Pluk. Aim. ' Dils Scotis.' The sheet is labelled Alga 
crispa scabiosa i-ubra et pallida, J. B., 795. Specimens of 
Phyllophora rubens Grev. and NitophyUum laceratimi 
Grev. : but the type-specimen is Phyllophora membrani- 
folia J. Ag. 

A second sheet, with the same label, a D. Nissole ad 
Jac. Petiver, is Phyllophora nervosa (DC.) Grev. 

4. F. membranaceus rubens angustifolius, Eaii Syn. App. 

Rhodymenia palmata Grev. 

5. F. membranaceus rubens foliolis latiusculis . . . Odonthalia 

dentata Lyngb. 

6. F. sive Alga membranacea Candida, . . . D. Pluk. Aim. (o) 

SphaerococcuB coronopifolius Grev. ; (6) unnamed. 

On the same sheet is a specimen of Phyllophora mem- 
branifolia J. Ag. 

7. Alga tinctoria, J. B. 796. An Alga tinetoria, J. B. ? The 

specimen is Delesseria sinuosa Lamx. 

8. F. capillaris tinctorius, J. B. 796. Labelled Muscus marinus 

s. Alga tinctoria P. 1289. Fucus capillaris tinctorius, J. B. 
796. Two specimens of Plocamium coocineum Lyngb., 
and two of Delesseria alata Lamx. :. probably a misplace- 
ment of specimens. 

10. F. humilis membranaceus acaulos elegantissimus ruber . . . 

The specimen has a label in D. Stevens' writing. Calli- 
blepharia jubata Kiitz. 

11. F. dichotomos membranaceus e viridi flavescens . . . Cited 

Sp. PI. 1159 for F. excisuB L. Four specimens of 
Chondrus erispua Stackh. f. filiformis Turn., the deep- 
water form. Also a second sheet of the same. 

13. F. humilis dichotomos . . . ceranoides . . . Cited Sp. PI. 1158. 

Fucus ceranoides L. Gigartina mamlllosa J. Ag. 

14. F. purpureas humilis . . . D. Stevens. Labelled in his hand. 

Iiomentaria articulata Lyngb. 

15. F. purpureus tenuitei: divisus non geniculatus. 'Hunc 

Fucum cum praecedenti Eev. Viro D. Stevens Theologo & 
Botanico baud minoris notae, accepimus.' Labelled by 
Stevens, F. Kali geniculato similis, non tamen geniculatus. 



PAES in. SECT. XV 225 

I think this to he the plant. Chvlooladia kaliformis 
Hook. 

16. F. marinus scruposus albidua ... A Bryozoan animal. 

riustra foliacea L. 

17. F. marinus scruposus albidus angustior ... A Bryozoan. 

P. seouiifrons Pall. 

18. Alga spiralis maritima major, Raii Syn. Tuous Areschougii 

Kjellm., broad form. 

19. A.spiralismaritimaBocc. Tab. 38. ?F.Are8cliotigli Kjellm., 

naiTow form. 

§ 4. Fuci cauliferi longissimis foliis rectis <^ indivisis, latioribus. 

646, 1. Fucus latissimo crassoque folio, 3 C. B. Prod. Label in 

Sherard's hand. Xiaminaria saccliarlna Lamx. 

2. F. folio singulari longissimo ... 1 Eaii Hist. L. hiero- 

glyphica J. Ag. 

3. F. latissimus et longissimus oris crispis. 'The curl'd sea belt.' 

Saccorhiza bulbosa De la Pyl. 

4. F. longissimo latissimo tenuique folio, 4 C. B. Prod. Lamina- 

ria digitata Lamx. 

647, 6. F. arboreus polyschides edulis, 1 C. B. P. The specimen is 

Saccorhiza bulbosa De la Pyl., but the description prob- 
ably refers to Alaria esculenta Grev. 

§ 5. Fud cauliferi foliis longissimis rectis angustioribus, 

647, 1. F. marinus sive Alga marina graminea. Park. 1292. Zostera 
marina L. 

3. F. sive Alga marina angustifolia ... 9 Eaii Syn. Z. marina 

L. var. angustifolia Horaem. 

4. F. chordam referens teres praelongus, 4 Eaii Syn. The 

description refers, no doubt, to Chorda Filum (L.) Lamx., 
but the specimen is Himanthalia lorea (L. ) Lyngb. 

5. F. longus angusto crassoque folio, C. B.P. Himanthalia 

lorea (L.) Lyngb. 

7. F. spongiosus teres ramosior . . . D. Stevens. Cited Sp. PL 

1159. F. elongatus L. Labelled by Stevens : It is of a 
spongy substance, a pleasant green colour, much resembling 
samphaire. Codium tomentosum Stackh. 

8. F. spongiosus teres viridis . . . D. Stevens. With a note by 

Stevens. C. tomentosum Stackh. 

9. P. teretifolius humilis flstulosus, D. Stevens. Asperoooccus 

echinatus Grev. 

§ 6. Fud foliacei bullati ordinem dichotomum servanies. 

647,1. F. marinus vulgatissimus ... vesieulisdonatis, nobis. Fucus 
vesiculosus L. 



226 PLANTAEUM HISTOEIAE OXONIENSIS 

2. F. marinus vesiculis . . . nobis. Cited Sp. PI. 1159. P. 

nodosus L. = AsoophyUum nodosum Le Jolis. 

3. F. Rive QuercuB marina . . . Eaii Syn. App. ? A. nodosum 

Le Jolis. 

6. F. bullatus fruticescens . .. Cited Sp. PI. 1159. F. divari- 
catus L. = P. vesiculosuB var. divaricatua Good. & 
Woodw. 

6. F. sive Alga marina angustifolia ... 3 Raii Syn. Asoo- 

phylltim nodosum Le Jolis, a narrow form. 

7. P. angustifolius vesiculis longis ... 17 Raii Syn. Halidrys 

siliquosa Lyngb. 

10. F. palmaris latioribus foliis . . . Fucus platycarpus Thur., 

a small form. 

11. F. palmaris platyphyllos ... F. platycarpus Thur., a form 

with inflated apices. 

12. F. palmaris angustifolius . . . nobis. Three sheets. Pelvetia 

canaliculata Decne. & Thur. 

13. F. folliculaceus serrato folio, 10 C. B. P. Sargasso, v. D. PI. 

Aim. 161. Sargassum bacoiferum C. Ag. 

Also a second sheet of specimens of Sargassum which 
may represent Nos. 14, 15, and 16. 
648, 17. F. Abrotonoides vesiculis parvis. . . . 'Hunc Rev. D. Stevens 
coUegit et nobis misit.' Cystoseira fibrosa C. Ag. : on the 
same sheet a specimen of Desmarestia aculeata Lamx. 

§ 7. Fuci foUacei non bullati ordinem dichotomum servantes. 

P. 648, 1. F. sive Alga latifolia major dentata, 3 Raii Hist. Cited 
Sp. PI. 1158. Fucus serratus L. 
2. F. fruticescens foliis ex angustis . . . dilatantibus. Two 
sheets. F. oeranoides L. 

4. F. tenuifolius foliis dentatis, 4 Raii Hist, et Syn. Cited Sp. 

PI. ed. ii. 1632. F. aculeatus L. = Desmarestia aculeata 
Lamx., winter state. 

5. F. gramineus foliis minoribus . . . D. Newton. D. Newton 

Aug. 22, [16]9^. D. ligulata Lamx. 

§ 8. Fuci aphylli, viticulis foliis nudis, seu chordas nmsicas 
referentibus, donati. 

648, 1. F. marinus oeranoides cornu cervi. ... A drawing represent- 
ing, probably, G-orgonia verrucosa L., a Zoophyte. 

2. F. parvus aphyllos ramosus subflavus. . , , ?Apophloea 

Lyallii Hook. & Harv. 

3. F. parvus aphyllos in orbem expansus. . . , Barhadoes. 

Gymnogongrus furcellatus (Ag.) J. Ag. 



PABS III. SECT. XV 227 

4. F. parvus segmentis praelongis ... 10 Raii Hist. Two sheets. 
Fiiroellaxia fastiglata Lamx. Also Polyides rotundus 
Grev. 

649, 9. F. palmaris tenuis in orbem expansus . . . nobis. Two sheets. 
Cited Sp. PI. ed. ii. 1631. Fucus fasti^atus L. = Purcel- 
laria fastiglata Lamx. (with antheridia). 

10. F. trichoides nostras aurei coloris . . . D. Pluk. Tab. 184. 

Polyides rotixndus Grev. 

On the same sheet is a denuded stem of Delesseria san- 
guinea. 

11. F. sive Alga lenta capillacea pallida. . . . Ahnfeltia plioata 

Fr. : on the same sheet Gelidium comeum Lamx. 

A second sheet with a specimen of Ahnfeltia from 
Stevens. 

12. F. Indicus teres . . . D. Pluk. t. 184. 3. 

This was given hy Mr. Dyer ioho had itfrOm Dr. Rois who 
brought it from London saying that it came from China 
growing in the sea : he had a scaine of it 2 yards S^ halfe 
long. Dr. Roys had it from Mr. Willmore a Factor of ye 
East Ind. Comp. who hath seen it grouping in th' S''a either in 
China or the Indies. Pluk. Aim. 160. Not an Alga, a horny 
axis of some Zoophyte. 

13. F. setaceus niger longissimus non ramosus. Chordaria 

flagelliformis C. Ag. 

14. F. marinus ferulaceus in longiora capillamenta, ramificatus, 

nobis. Folysiphonia elongata Grev. 

15. F. maiinus ferulaceus in breviora capillamenta divisus. 

GracUaria oonfervoides Grev. 

On the same sheet are two specimens oi' Ceramium 
rubrum C. Ag. Dawson Turner considered GracUaria to 
be meant. 

16. F. friiticosior filamentis ramulis ciussiusculis alhuerentibus. 

Haloplthys pinastroidea Kiitz. 

Also a sheet of Cystoclonium purpurasceus Kiitz., and 
another of Cystoseira granulata (L.) Ag., to which the 
description does not apply. 

17. F. Cupressinus Imperati J. B. Cystoseira eriooldes J. Ag. 

18. F. Tamaraciola . . . J. B. 800. A dense fonn in fruit. 

C ericoides J. Ag. 

19. P. foliis Ericae . . . J. B. 799. On the same sheet as No. 17. 

An imperfect specimen resembling C. amentacea J. Ag., 
but is probably only a form of C. ericoides, as C. amentacea 
is a Mediterranean species. 



<J2 



228 PLANTABUM HISTOEIAE OXONIENSIS 

Caput XL IX. Mnscns marinns. 

§ 1. Musci marini capillis longioribus. 

P. 649, 1. Muscus marinus capillaceus multifidus niger, 2 C. B. P. 
Polysiphonia fastigiata Grev. 

§ 2. Musd marini capillis brevioribus. 

650, 1. Muscus maritimus viridia multifido folio, 3 C. B. P. Clado- 
phora utriculoaa Eiitz. 
2. M. capillaris brevior aliis adhaerens albus. A Zoophyte. 
? Criaia sp. 

6. M. hirsutus flagellis longis. ... 'AD. Stevens, in litore 

Cornubiensi collectam.' Cladostephus vertioillatua C. Ag. 

7. M. . . . hirsutus flagellis longioribus rarius divisis ruber. 

Halurus equisetifolius Kutz. 

On the same sheet is a small piece of Cladostephus 
spongiosus C. Ag. 

§ 3. Musci marini pennati, non scruposi. 
No specimens. 

§ 4. Musd marini scruposi sive coralloides, pennati. 
All Zoophytes. 
650, 1. Muscus maritimus Filicis folio, C. B. P. Sertularia 
abietina L. 
2. M. maritimus pennatus ramulis . . . falcatis, RaLi Hist. Plu- 

mularia falcata Lam. 
4. M. marinus denticulatus . . . Eaii Hist, et Syn. Sertularia 
argentea Ell. & Sol. 

§ 5. Musci marini scruposi iVon pennati. 
All Zoophytes. 
650, 1. M. . . . major argute denticulatus, 16 Rail Hist. Sertularia 
opercxilata L. 

2. M. . . . lendiginosus minimus arenaeei coloris. S. puroila L. 

3. M. . . . denticulatus . . . bijugis, Rail Hist. S. operoulata L. 

§ 6. Musd marini Corallinis affines geniculati. 

651, 1. Corallina opuntioides ramulis densioribus . . . D. Sloan. Ex 
Ins. Barb, df Metis (Nevis). Halimeda Opuntia Kiitz. 

4. Muscus maritimus sive CoraUina officinarum, C. B. P. 

Corallina offioinalis L. 

5. M. marinus candidus coralloides. Hist. Lugd. 1368. Jania 

rubena Lamx. and Corallina squamata Ellis. 



PAES III. SECT. XV 229 

7. M. Corallinae in modum articulatus . . . Raii Hist. Jauia 

rubens Lamx. 
9. Corallina muscosa . . . spermophoroa, Petiverii. On the 

same sheet as No. 7. Corallina mediterranea Aresch. 

Dillenius labels it Syn. iii. p. 33. n. 2. 
13. Corallina fistulosa fragilis posterior, J. B. 811. (Ltdy 

Tyrrell.) Galaxaiira umbellata Kutz. 
15. C. fistulosa flexilis sive Corallina . . . D. Pluk. 168. 4. Ex 

Ins. Barhadiense et Nevis. On the same sheet as No. 18. 

Oalaxaura obtusata Kiitz. var. oblongata J. Ag. 

Caput L. Coralloides frutices lignosae, uoa reticalatae. 

The Nos. represented by specimens are: 1, 2, 5, 15, 19, 
which are all Zoophytes of the genus Gorgonia : 17, which 
appears to be a fragment of a Phanerogam : 18, which is 
a Zoophyte, probably Antipathes. 

Caput LI. Coralloides fmtices flabelliformes, reticalati. 

P. 652, 1. Corallina reticulata plana purpurascens, Park. 1298. 

2, Frutex flabelliformis cortice verrucosoobductus, Raii Syn. App. 

These are specimens of Sea-Fans (Gorgoniidae). 

Caput LIT. Spougia. 

There are specimens of Nos. 4, 10, 17, representing various species 
of Sponges. 

There are no specimens relating to the following capita : 
Caput LIII. Alcyoniniu. 

Caput LIY. Androsase sive Fungus petraens mariuus. 

Caput LY. Corallnm sive Corallium. 

Caput LYI. Fori Coralliis affiues, sive Corallia porosa. 

The following specimens of Algae are not mentioned in 
the Historia. The names and references on the sheets are 
sometimes those given by Dillenius, indicated by D. 

1. Muscus marinus bombycinus. E Scotia D. Urree. H. Ox. 

p. 649, no. 2, sed non est vera planta (D). Three speci- 
mens, of which two are Cladophora rupestris Kiitz. , and 
one is C. arcta Kutz. 

2. Fucoides 2, Syn. iii, p. 38 (D). Plumaria elegans Schm. 



230 PLAHTAEUM HISTOEIAE OXONIENSIS PAES III 

3. Fucus 16, Syn. iii, p. 44 (D). Two specimens are Oigar- 

tina mamillosa J. A^. ; one is Chrondrus crispus 
Stackh. ; and another is Fhyllophora membranifolia 
J. Ag., in fruit. 

4. 1, Syn. iii, p. 37, no. 1 ; 2, H. Ox. iii, p. 646, n. 15 (D). 

Both are Delesseria alata Lmx., no. 1 being a narrow 
form. Dillenius' identification with the plant in the 
Historia is incorrect, for 646, 15 is Chylocladia kaliformis 
Hook. 

5. Fluviatilis Pisana foliis dentatis, J. B. ITaias marina L. 

6. F. ovalis or sedoides, Stackhouse. (Name more modem than 

Dillenius.) Chylooladia ovalis Hook. 

7. Fucus serratuB fruticosior angustifolius Lusitanicus Tourne- 

fortii, D. Sher. Bleached specimen and drawing. Desma- 
restia aculeata Lamx. 

8. An 20 H. Ox. ? (p. 649, D). Muscus marinus cupressiformis. 

Cupressus marina P. 1302. Stypocaulon Bcoparium 
Kutz. 

9. Quercus marina an Fucus arborescens polyschides, J. B. 

Gigartina mammUlosa J. Ag. (young specimen). 

10. Syn. iii, p. 34, n. 4 (D). Jania rubene Lamx. 

11. Corallina Hisp. capillaceo folio purpurascente, Salradore. 

' I take these 2 to be di;fferent gi'owths of the same, i. e. ye 
right and left.' The right specimen is Jania ruTjens 
Lamx. ; the left, Corallina virgata Zanard. 

12. Corallina Barcinon. minor apioibus forte spermophoris, 

nobis. Syn. iii, p. 33, n. 2 (D). Corallina officinalis L. 
var. 8 J. Ag., and C. squamata Ellis. 



ARBORES ET FRUTICES 231 



The following is Bobart's enumeration of trees and shrubs printed 
from the MS. mentioned in the Introduction (p. Ixii). An asterisk 
prefixed to a name indicates that there is a corresponding specimen 
in the Herbarium. 

The modern names have been deteimined as far as possible. The 
prefix 'cit.' to a modern name indicates that the determination is 
based, not on a specimen, but upon the authority of the citation of 
the pre Linnean name by Linnaeus or some subsequent bi.tanist. 
Linnean citations refer to the first edition of the Species Plantarum, 
unless otherwise stated. MS. notes on the sheets are printed in italics. 



AEBOEES ET FEUTICES 

ARBORES CONIFERAE ET RESINIFERAE SEMPER VIRENTES. 

1. Cedrus magna sive Libani, conifera, Job. Bauch. Tom. 1, 277. 
Cedrua conifera foliis Laricis, Casp. Bauh. Pin. 490. Larix 
Orientalis fructu rotundiore obtuso, Toumefort. Cit. Pinus 
Cedrus L., 1001 = Cedrus Iiibani Barrel. 
*2. C. conifera Juniperinis foliis racemosa, conis candicantibus 
parvis, ex Promontorio Bonae Spei, sive Oxycedrus African a 
conophoros, Pluknet Phytograph. Tab. 275, 2. Et Larix coni- 
fera ejusdem. Tab. 245. Non est planta Phtk. sed forte Pini 
sylvestris, aut forte sativae planta junioris rami. The specimen 
appears to be Ficea excelsa Link. 

3. Abies mas Theophrasti. Picea major prima, sive Abies rubra, 

C. B. P. Picea Latinorum sive Abies mas Theophrasti, J. B. 1, 
238. Abies tenuiore folio fructu deorsuminflexo,Toum. Cit. 
Pinus Abies L^ 1002 = Ficea exoelaa Link. 

4. A. mas conis sursum spectantibus, C. B. P. Abies foemina, sive 

e'Xari) 6r)\(in, J. B. 1, 281. Abies Taxi folio, fructu sursum 
spectante, Tourn. Cit. Pinus Picea L., 1001 = Abies pecti- 
nataDC. 

5. A. minor et humilior Taxi foliis conis sursum spectantibus. 

*6. A. minor pectinatis foliis Virginiana conis parvis subrotundis, 
Pluk. Phyt. Tab. 121, 1. Cit. Pinus Balsamea L., 1002 = 
Abies balsamea Mill. : but the imperfect specimen seems to be 
Tsuga canadensis Carr. 
7. Pinus sativa, C. B. P. 491. Pinus ossiculis duns, foliis longis, 
J. B. 1, 248. Pinus sativa sive domestica, Ger. Cit. Pinus 
PlneaL.,1000. 



232 ARE ORES ET FRUTICES 

8. P. sylvestris, C. B.P. Pinus sylvestris vulgaris Genevensis et 

Taeda, J.B. 1, 253. Pinaster sive Pinus sylvestris Hispanieus 
major, Clus. Cit. P. sylvestris L., 1000. 

9. P. Virginiana tenuifolia triplis sive temis plerumque ex uno folli- 

culo setia, strobolis majoribus, Pluk. Almagest, p. 279. Arbor 
Thurifera nostratibus vulgo, the Frankincense tree. Cit. 
P. Taeda L., 1000. 

10. P. sylvestris foliis brevibus glaucis, conis parvis albentibus, 
Raii Hist. 1401. Abies Scotica perperara nostratibus dicta, 
the Scotch Firr. P. sylvestris L. 

*11. P. sylvestris maritima conis flrmiter ramis adhaerentibus, 
J. B. 1, 245. Pinus sylvestris altera maritima, Lob. Obs. Pinus 
maritima major, C. B. P. 292. P. halepensis Mill. 

On the same sheet is a specimen labelled Pin. fruct. duro 
acuta hiunciale fusco. 

On another sheet is a specimen labelled Pinus e Virginia. 

*12. P. Virginiana praelongis foliis tenuioribus, cono echinato graoili, 
Pluk. Aim. 297. ?P. eohinata Mill. 

*13. P. Hispanica Laricis aut Cedri Palestinae facie, setis brevioribus 
per intervalla confertis, Pluk. Aim. 297. An Pinus maritima 
Theophrasti Lobelio, J. B. 258 ? ? P. montana Mill. 

14. Cupressus, C. B. P. J. B. Park. Cupressus ramis in metae fasti- 

gium convolutis foemina, H. Leyd. Cupressus foemina, Dod. 
Cit. Cupressus sempervirens L., 1003. 

15. C. fusca sive mas. Cupressus i-amis expansis mas, H. Leyd. 

Cupressus mas, Matth. Cupressus ramos extra se spargens, 
Tourn. Cit. C. sempervirens /3 L., 1003. 

*16. C. Virginiana foliis Acaciae deciduis. Fort. Lugd. Bat. Cupressus 
Virginiana foliis Abietis moUibus atque deciduis, Breyn. 
Prod. 2. 39. Cit. C. disticha L., 1003 = Taxodiuin distichum 
Rich. 

*17. Cupresso-pinnulus Capitis Bonae Spei, Breyn. Cent. p. 22, cap. 10. 
E. Collect. Petiver. Ad Clar. D. Jac: Bohart. Brunia nodi- 
flora L., 199. 

18. Arbor vitae, Park. Arbor vitae sive Paradisea vulgo dicta 
odorata, ad Sabinam accedens, J. B. Thuya Theophrasti, 
C. B. P. Thuja oooidentalis L. 



AEBORES CONIPERAE FOLIIS DECIDUIS. 

19. Larix folio deciduo conifera, J. B. 1, 265. Larix C. B. P., Dod. 

Pempt. Cit. Pinus Larix L., 1001 = Iiarix europaea DC. 

20. Alnus vulgaris, J. B. 1, 151, Park. Alnus rotundifolio glutinosa 

viridis, C. B. P. 428. Cit. Betula Alnus L., 983 = Alnus gluti- 
nosa Medic. 



AEBOEES CONIFEEAE 233 

*21. Alni foliis Americana serrata, floribus pentapetalis albis in 
spicam dispositis, Pluk. Tab. 115, 1. Three sheets, two from 
Chelsey, are Clethra alnifolia L. A fourth sheet is Pnmus 
aerotina Ehrh. 

22. Tulipifera Virginiana tripartite Aceris folio, media lacinia velut 

abscissa, Pluk. Tab. 117, 5. Arbor Tulipifera Virginiana Aceris 
majoris folio, conis erectis. Rail Hist. Cit. Liriodendron 
Tulipifera L., 535. 

23. T. caroliniana foliis productioribus magis angulosis, PI. T. 68. 

Cit. Ii. Tulipifera ^ L. 
*24. T. Virginiana Laurinis foliis, aversa parte rore caeruleo tinctis, 
conibaccifera, Pluk. Tab. 68. Laurus Tulipifera baccis ru- 
bellis cono erecto inclusis. Banister Cat. Virgin. Magnolia 
glauca L. 

25. Betula, C. B., J. B., Ger., Park. Cit. Betiila alba L., 982. 

26. B. foliis acutioribus profundius dentatis. B. alba L. var. 

27. Leucodendros Africana arbor tota argentea sericea foliis integris, 

Pluk. Tab. 205. Argyrodendron Africanum, Herman. Argyro- 

dendros Afric. foliis sericeis et argenteis, Hort. Amstel. p. 51. 

Cit. Protea argentea L., 94. 
*28. Conophoros Cap. Bonae Spei folio in summo dentato, Mus. 

Petiver. 172. Leuoospermiun conocarpum R. Br. 
*29. C. Cap. Bon. Spei Lauro-cerasi folio angustiore, Mus. Pet. 171. 

Aulax pinifolia Berg. 
*30. C. Cap. Bon. Spei Oleae angustiore folio, Mus. Pet. 174. 

A. cneorifolia Knight. 

31. Arbor venenata eonifera Fraxini foliis. Chelsey, 

ARBOEES GLANDIFERAE FOLIIS DECIDUIS. 

32. Quercus latifolia quae longo est pediculo, C.B. Quercus vulgaris 

longis pediculis, J. B. Vulgaris, Ger. Quercus Robur L. = 
Q. pedunculata Ehrh. 

Eadem foliis variegatis. 

Eadem foliis omnino albidis. 

33. Q. vulgaris, quae brevi est pediculo, C. B. Quercus vulgaris 

brevibus pediculis, J. B. Q. Eobur L. var. sessiliflora = 

Q. seasUis Ehrh. 
*34. Q. parva sive Phegus Graecorum et Esculus Plinii, C.B. Phegus 

vel Esculus, J. B. Park. Q. Esculua L. 
*85. Q. foliis molli lanugine pubescentibus, C. B. Robur 1, Clus. 

Hist. 
36. Q. gallam exiguae nucis magnitudine ferens, C. B. Robur 8, 

Clus. Hist. 18 J. B. 
*37. Cereus [Cerrus], Clus. Hist. 20. Note on sheet by Dillenius ' Est 

potius Quercus vulgaris brevibus pediculis J. B.' The name 



234 ABBORES ET EEUTIOES 

suggests Q. Cerris L.," but the specimen appears to be 

Q. Uex L. 
*38. Quercus esculi divisura foHis amplioribus aculeatis, Pluk.Tab. 54, 4. 

Q. rubra L. 
*39. Q. Virginiana rubris venis muricata, Pluk. Tab. 54, 5. Scarlet 

Oke. Q. rubra ^ L. 
*40. Q. pumilis Castaneae foliis Virginensis, Pluk. Aim. p. 309. The 

Chinquapin Oake. Castanea pumila Mill. 
41. Q. Virginiana tuberosa venis rubris. Ilex aculeata sanguineis 

venis radicibus tuberosis, Pluk. Tab. 196, 4. Probably Q. vir- 
giniana Mill. 
*42. Q. Salicia foliis. Jasminum Virginianum ab Incolis diet. 

Q. FhelloB L. 
48. Q. magno calyce, Clus. exot. J. B. e Virginia. ? Q. Catesbaei 

Mich. (The Turkey Oak.) 
44. Q. magna Virginiana fructu Juglandis. ? Q. maorocarpa 

Mich. 
*45. Haliphlaeos, sive Cerrus foemina minore glande, Park. 1388. 

The female hitter oake. Leaves of the Boyall Oke given by the 

Ld. Falkland and Mr, Baber. Nov. 5, 72. Q. aessilis Ehrh. 
On the same sheet is another specimen labelled The Virginia 

Oake or Pokikeor (?) yat beares a fruite like a wallnutl. Front 

Broome Wharwood esq,, the great Oake of Virginia, June 24, 

1674, See No. 44. 



ARBOKES GLANDIFEEAE SEMPER VIRENTES. 

*46. Ilex aculeata cocci glandifera, C. B. P. 425. Ilex coccigera, 
J. B. 1, 106. Coccus infectoria, Lob. Icon. 153. Quercus 
Coccifera L. 

*47. I. arborea, J. B. 1, 96. Ilex oblongo servato folio, C. B. P. 424. 
Ilex angustifolia. Tab. Q. Hex L. 

*48. I. folio rotundiore molli modiceque sinuato, sive Smilax Theo- 
phrasti, C. B. P. 425. Ilex major, Clus. Hist. 23. Q. Ilex L. 

*49. I. aculeata foliis nigris amplissimis, Pluk. Tab. 197, 1. Q. sp. 

*50. I. Caroliniensis longis et angustis foliis spinia ad oras rarioribus, 
Pluk. Aim. p. 198. Forte Ilex aculeata baccifera arborea minus 
ferax Virginiana Banisterii. Q. Banisteri Michx. = Q. nana 
Sargent. 

*51. I. Americana Phillureae angustifoliae facie, ex Terra Mariana, 
medio folii nervo in pinnulam abeunte, Cat. Virgin., Pluck. 
Mantiss. p. 108. Q. Phellos L. 

*52. An Ilex foliis Agrifolii Americana, Pluk. Tab. 196, 3 ? Forte 
Agria sive Aquifolia glandifera Anguill., J. B. Ilex opaca 
Ait. = I. quercifolia Meerb. 



AEBOEES NUCIFERAE 235 

A small specimen attached to the same sheet and labelled 

The calyx of this acorn is pretty large and prickly, is Quercus 

Coocifera L. 
*53. An Ilex sive Phellodrys foliis muricatis, C. B. P. Phellodrys 

foliis muricatis calyoe glandis echinato, Hist. Lugd. ? Ilex 

opaca Ait. = I. queroifoUa Meerb. 
*54. Ilicis facie foliis majoribuB leviter aculeatis, e Madraspatan, PI. 

Tab. 196, 5. Quercus sp. ? 



ABSORBS NUCIFEEAE FEUCTTJ INVOLUTO. 

55. Nux Juglans, J. B. 1, 241. Nux Juglans sive Regia vulgaris, 

C. B. P. 417. Cit. Juglans regia L., 997. 

56. Nux Juglans Virginiana major fructu rotundo cortice crasso, 

sulcato, tuberculis exasperate nigro, Pluk. Aim. p. 264. Nux 
Juglans nigra Virginensis, Park. Nux Juglans Virginiana 
nigra, H. Leyd. Cit. J. nigra L., 997. 

57. Nux Juglans Virginiana foliis vulgari similis, fructu subrotundo 

cortice duriore laevi, Pluk. Aim. Nux Juglans Virginensis 
alba. Park. The Hickery Nut. Cit. J. alba L., 997 = Hiooria 
alba (L.) Britton. 

58. Nux Juglans Virginiana alba minor, fructu Nucis moschatae 

simili, cortice glabro, summo fastigio veluti in aculeum pro- 
ducto, PI. Tab. 309, 2. Plukenet's drawing is a good one and 
probably represents H. minima (Marsh.) Britton. 

59. Nux Juglans Virginiana minor alba. Pignut ab Incolis dicta. 

H. glabra (Mill.) Britton. 
*60. Nux Curassavica foliis minoribus, Par. Bat. Prod. H. R. Par. 58 ? 

? Spondias sp. 
*61. Nux Americana costa foliorum appendicibus aucta, Pluk. 

Tab. 207, 4. Iilmonia acidissima L. 
62. Nux Americana foliis alatis bifidis, P. B. P. TacTcboom Belgis. 

Cit. Sapindus Saponaria L., 367. 
*6B. Nux Laurifolia serrata, Hort. Reg. Hampt. 60. 
*65. Nux Zeylanica folio multifido digitato, flore merdam olente, 

Telabo Zeylonensium, Pluk. Tab. 208, 3. Aim. p. 266, 3. Barha- 

does H. Camp. Cit. Sterculia foetida L., 1008. 
*66. Nux ex La Vera Cruce, Fagel. Carbon impression only. 
67. Nux Been Zeylanica siliqua triangula seminibus alatis, H. Leyd. 

App. 692. 
*68. Nux moschata ex surinama. Noot muscat boom. ?Iiitseasp. 

69. Cacao Americae sive Avellana Mexicana, J. B. Amygdalae 
similis Guatimalensis, C. B. Cacao sive Cacavate, Park. Cit. 
Theobroma Cacao L., 782. 
*70. Arbor Indiae Pyrifolia fructu Nucis moschatae simili tricapsu- 
laris, Pluk. Mantiss. p. 23, 2, Tab. 336. Kattakai Malab. 



236 AEBORES ET FEUTICES 

*71. Castanea sativa, C.B. P. 418. Castanea, J.B. 1, 121. Pagus 
Castanea L., 997 = Castanea sativa Miller. 

*72. C. pumila Virginiana racemose fructu parvo in singulis capsulis 
echinatis unico, Banist., Pluk. Aim. 90. F. pumila L., 998 = 
C. pvimila Mill. 

*73. C. Americana foliis aversa parte argentea lanugine villosis, Pluk. 
Tab. 156, 2. F. pumila L., 998 = C. pumila Mill. 

A second sheet, with a note by Dillenius non est sed Fustic- 
wood, is Chloropbora tinctoria Gaudich. 

*74. C. Chusan folio fere serrato subtus glauco. Act. Philosoph. 
No. 286. Pet. Chusan 66. 

*75. C. equina folio multifido, J. B. Folio multifido, C.B. Aeaculus 
Hippooastanum L. 

*76. C. folio multifido serrato, humilior, flo. rubentibus racemosis. 
Ae. flava Ait. 

*77. Fagus, C. B. P., Ger., Park. Fagus Latinorum, Oxya Graecorum, 
J. B. 117. A seedling plant attached labelled First leaves. 
Ferula. Eadem est in Libra sicca in Bibliotheca Badhiana. 
Fagus sylvatica L. 
Eadem foliis variegatis. P. sylvatica L. forma variegata. 
Eadem foliis candidis. Found hy Mr. Thorp of Tin. Call, in 
Stohench. woods, 1702. F. sylvatica L. fwma alba. 

*78. F. Fagus Mariana Carpini rugosis foliis, Pluk. Mantiss. p. 74. 
F. americana Sweet = F. ferruginea Aiton. 

*79. Orleana sive Orellana folliculis lappaceis, H. Leyd. H. Amst. 
p. 65. Pluk. Tab. 209, 4. Urucu Brasiliensium, Pis. Achiotl, 
Recchi. Bixa Oviedi, C. B. Clus. Daburi folliculus Ameri- 
canus, Chab. p. 94, J.B. Tom. 1, part 2, 439. Arbor Mexicana 
fructu Castaneae, C. B. P. The Anata seed . . . The rough haiiy 
or prickly cads of a brownish red colour cantaine seeds of almost 
triangular forme of a crimsonish red colour whemfl^ the natives 
colour chocalate, and use it alsoe in dyeing. . . . Bisa Orellana 
L., 512. 
80. Corylus sativa fructu albo minore, sive vulgaris, C. B. P. Corylus 
sativa, J.B. 1, 266. Eadem venis foliorum elegante auratis. 
Cit. Corylus Avellana L., 999. 



ARBOEES NUCIFERAE FRUCTU NUDO. 

81. Laurus Americana sive Persea, Clusii. Cit. Laurus Persea L., 

370 = Persea gratissima Gaertn. 
*82. L. Indica Farnesiana Aldini. Laurus Indica sive Americana 
Ferrarii. Laurus Regia, H. R. P. Maohilus sp. 

83. L. vulgaris, C. B. P. 460. Laurus media baccifera, Vorstii. 

Iiaiirus nobilis L. 

84. L. major odorata Canariensis. ?FerBea indica Spreng. 



ABBORES NUCIFEEAE 237 

*85. L. vulgaris foliis undulatis longissimis, Breyn. Prod. 2. Laurus 
nobilis L. 

86. L. Americana ossiculo duro Barbadiens. The Mastick tree. 
? Bursera gummifera L. 

*87. L. Azorica pallidioribus et latioribus foliis inodora, Pluk. T. 199, 3. 
Fersea azorica Seubert. 

*88. L. aroraatiea Barbadiensium. An Xoeoxochitl,Bive Piper Tavasci, 
Hernand. Lauri facie. Arbor venustissime venosis foliia, lacte 
turgens, Pluk. Tab. 199, 6 ? (see 94). Eugenia sp. 

89. L. Madrasp. Canellao albae foliia, Pet. Phil. Transact., Junii 1700. 
Pungally. 

*90. L. odorata Stapelii. Herman. Carbon impression. ?M;yTioasp. 

91. Swamp Bay Tree. A name for Persea pubescens Sarg., Silva 
N. Am. vii. 

*92. Laurus folio longiore, flora hexapetalo, racemoao, fructu humi- 
diore, D. Sloan. Cat. Jam. 136. Sweet-wood, a tree as big as 
an Apple tree. Barbadoes. Keotandra Willdenoviana 

Nees. 

*94. Lauri facie arbor venustissime venosis foliis, lacte turgens? 
e Barbadoes. Pluk. Tab. 199, 6 (155, 3). Eugenia sp. 

95. Styrax sive Storax, C. B. P. Styrax arbor vulgaris. Park. 1529. 
? Ijiquidambar styraoiflua L. 

*97. Sideroxylum Africanum lignum ferrea duritie folio oblongo, 
lignum ferreum P. B. P., Pluk. Tab. 223, 6. ? Olea sp. 

*98. Sideroxylum Africanum Cerasi folio, H. Amst. Part 1, p. 197, 

Ifoltea a&ioana Reich. 
*99. Arbor Laurifolia Indiae Orient, comantibus floribus et fere 
corymbosis, Pluk. Tab. 142, 1. An Arbor Laurifolia Chinensis 
Martini ? Mango. ? Mangifera sylvatica Boxb. 
100. Pistacia, Ger., J. B. Nux Pistacia, Park. Pistacia peregrina 
fructu racemose, sive Terebinthus Indiea Theoph. C. B. P. Cit. 
Pistacia vera L., 1025. 
*101. Camphorifera arbor ex qua Camphora Officinarum, H. Lugd. 
Arbor Camphorifera Japonica, Breyn. Cent. 1, et Prod. Arbor 
Camphorifera Japon. foliis Laurinis, fructu parvo globoso, 
calyce brevissimo, Hort. Amst. p. 189. Cinnamomum 
CaJQphora T. Nees & Eberm. 
*102. Ginamomum legitimum Officinaram. Cassia Zeylanica ex qua 

Cinamomum. Canella Zeylanica, C B. P. C. iners Reinw. 
*103. C. sylvestre odore Myrrhae, Herman. Cassia Cinamomea 
Myrrhae odore, folio trinervi subtus caesio, Pluk. Aim. p. 89. 
Nikadawula. Neolitaea zeylanica Merr. = Xiitsea zeylanica 
Nees. 
104. Cassia Cinamomea sive Cinamomum sylvestre Barbadiensium. 
Arbor baccifera fructu calyculato tetragono folio enervi, Pluk. 



238 AEBOEES ET FEUTICES 

Aim. p. 89, Tab. 160. 7. Cit. Laurus Winterana L., 371 = 
Canella alba Murr. 

105. Arbor Canellifera Javanica cujus cortex forte Macer Javanis, 

Breyn. Fascic. 

106. Malabathrum et Folium Indicum Officinarum, J. B. Tamala- 

pathrum sive Folium, C. B. Cassia Cinamomea sylvestris 
pigrior Malabarica, Pluk. Aim. Arbor Canellifera Malabarica 
coi-tice ignobiliore cujus folium Malabatlirum,Breyn. Prod. 2, 
p. 18. Cinnazaomum. Malabathrum Miq. 



Abboees peunipekae foliis deciduis, sive nucleiferae, 

fkuctu floeem insidente, pulpa molli 

ossiculum ambiente. 

*107. Prunus sativa, C. B. P., J. B. Prunus domestica L. 

*108. P. sylvestris major, J. B. Pruna sylvestris praecocia, C. B. 
P. institia L., ed. ii. 680. 

*109. P. Virginiana acutiore folio serrate. P. Virginiana fruotu luteo 
rubello acerbo vix eduli, et compresso, Pluk. Tab. 216, 7. 
A Virginia Plum, Fulham. ? P. americana Marsh. 

*110. P. Zeylanica spicatoflore. Weralu, D. Herman. Elaeooarpus 
serratus L. 

llOo. P. Zeylanica spinosa major. 

*111. P. Zeylanica longiore folio spinosa, P. B. P., H. R. H. 131. 
Zizyphus sp. 

112. P. sylvestris cortice albicante punctatis foliis Americana, Pluk. 

Tab. 216, 8. White Plum Barbadiensibus dicta. 

113. P. Malabarica fructu racemoso calyce excepto. Rail Hist. 1563. 

Vidimaram, H. Mai. Part 4, Tab. 37. 

*113a. P. Javanica Atriplicis folio, Commelin, H. Amst. p. 143. 
Kakousa Javanis, H. Beaumont, Pluk. Tab. 218, 2. 

Two sheets ; one ex Horto D. Comelyn Amstelodamens., the 
other Arbor Amer. Quercinis foliis angustioribus, Cat. H. Hampt. 
103 ; both are probably species of Allmania. 

*114. P. pentaphyllos Malabarica fructu calyci insidente Raii, Pluk. 

Tab. 218, 2. Karyl, H. Mai., H. E. H. 27. Cit. Fl. Zeyl. 

p. 166, Sterculia foetida L. 
*115. Maiden Plum of America. ?Coniocladia integrlfolia Jacq. 
*116. White Plum tree of Barbadoes is a large tree w*"* leaves longer 

& larger than ours, it hath good fruit to eat : severall sorts. 

Three sheets ; Spondias lutea L. 
*117. Prunifera Americana Laurifolia, diphyllos Glycoxylum, i. e. sweet 

wood. S. lutea L. 
118. Plum tree leaves. St. Christophers. 



ARBOEES PKUNIFEEAE 239 

119. Prunifera Fago similis arbor Gummi elemi fundens, fructu 

figum et magnitudine Olivae, ex Ins. Barbadiens., PI. 
Tab. 217, 4. 

120. P. sive Nucifera Malabarica folio Nympbaeae, fructu rotundo 

cortice pulvinato, Raii Hist. 1525. Pena, H. Mai. Part 4, 
T. 38. Cit. Fl. Zeyl. p. 90, CalophyUum InophyUum L. 

*121. Mirobolanus Bellerica, Dale, p. 444. 4. S. B. 6, 277. Terml- 

nalia Bellerioa Roxb. 
122. M. citrina et nigra officinar., Dale, 448. S. B. 6, 227. T. oitrina 
Roxb. 

*128. Prunus sebestena. Namurra maram. Vidimaram species, 
D. Du Bois. ? Cordia Myxa L. 

*124. P. Sebestena Matth., Hist. Lugd. Sebestena domestica, H. Amst. 
p. 139. Sebestena domestica subrotundo folio, an [d/xafiaiU] 
Athenaeo, C. B. P. Sebestena domestica, Prosp. Alp. de 
Plant. Aegypt. Mixa domestica sive Sebesten, J. B. Pluk. 
217. 2. Cordia Myxa L. 

*125. P. Sebestena, Namurra maram. 1701. Vidimaram species. Sent 
from Fort St. George hy Dr. Edto. BulUey 1701, 1 C. Myxa L. 

*126. Sebestenae similis Curassavica. 

127. Arbor prunifera sphaerulas saponarias ferens tetraphylla, ex 
India Orientali, Pluk. Tab. 14, 6. 

*128. Saponaria arbor Zeylanica trifolia semine Lupini, P. B. P. 

Conghas Zeylonensibus. Carbon print only. Sobleiohera 

trijuga Willd. 
*129. S. spbaerula arbor, Lugd. Nuculae saponariae non edules, C. B. 
*130. Armeniacamalusmajor, Ger., J. B., C. B. Pruniis Armeniaca L. 

'131. A. mains minor, Ger., C. B. Armeniaca mala minora, J. B. 

P. Armeniaca 3 L. 
*132. A. malus foliis in acutam mucronem productis. Pusey. An 

interesting variety (Gamble). 

*133. Malus Persica, J. B., Ger., Park. AmygdaJus persica L. 

*134. Persica dura came Candida, aliquando ex albo subrubente, Item 
came lutea, C. B. Pei-sica Hispanica Melocotonea quorundam, 
J. B. ? A. persica L. 

*135. Malus Persica dilaceratis foliis et veluti circumrosis Virginiana, 
Pluk. Tab. 204, 1. Ex Horto Comptoniano. Putta tawny. 
Kattappers, Pluk. Mantiss. p. 12. Amydalus Indica s. Ada- 
maram, H. Mai. Part 4, Tab. 15. A. persica L. var. ? 

*137. M. Persica maxima foliis rotundioribus splendentibus glabris, 
fructu maxirao, scabro, rugoso, subrotundo, pulpa dura sub- 
lutea, unum aut plura osaicula filimentosa cingente, D. Sloan. 
Cat. Jam. 179. Arbor Indica Juglandi similis, sen Mamei 
dicta, C. B. P. 417. Mamay arbor, J. B. Tom. 1, 172. Wild 
Mamme, Barbadiens. Maimuea amerioana L. 



240 ARBORES ET FEUTICES 

*138. Amygdalusdulcis, J.B.,8ativa,C.B. Amygdalus commimis 0L. 

*139. A. amara J. B., C. B. A. communis y L. 

*140. A. Africana fructu holsoaerico, Breynei. Brabejum stellati- 
folium L. 

*141. Arbor Indica cujus folia sunt Lauro Aldini similia, apicibus 
rotundioribus retuais ac magis venosa fructu Amygdali, v. PL 
Amalth. Bot. Tab. 364, 1; Mantiss. p. 20, pi. 3. Arbor 
Salawacc. Laurifolio, fructu file longo tenninante, floribus ex 
utriculo quasi prodeuntibus, Mus. Pet. 610, et Act. Philosoph. 
No. 276, p. 1021. Nandy ary totokoree. Basaia malabarica 
Bedd. 

142. Amygdalus Africana fructu holoserico, Breyn., Hermanno. 

See 140. 

143. A. Indica, s. Adamaram, H. Mai. Part 4. Tab. 15. Putta tawny. 

Kattapperi, Pluk. Mantiss. p. 12 (see No. 135). 
*144. Cortex Peruvianua, lo. Polus Lucaan. A drawing only of 

Cinchona sp. 
*145. Anacardium Orientale. G. N. 40, fig. 14. Semecarpus Ana- 

cardium L. f. 

*146. Manghas doraestica, Mao, H. Mai. Part 4, Tab. 1. Arbor mangi- 
fera, Bontii. Manghas sive Amba, J. B. Item Amygdalum 
referens fructus hirsutus, ejusd. Cit. Mangifera indica L., 
200 ; but the specimen is a leaf of Maesa sp. 

*147. Mango Indica, Raii Hist. 1550. Mao seu Mau vel Manghas, 
H. Mai. Part 4, p. 1. Persicae similis putamine villoso, Bontio, 
lib. 6. cap. 5. Arbor Mangifera, Garciae ab Horto. Mangi- 
fera indica L. 

* 148. Mango tree, or Allsnush, Barbadoes. 91. 

*149. Broad leafed Mango. Barbadoes. 

150. An Mango Cerasi fructu? 

151. Jack in a box. Barbadoes. 

*152. Zizyphus sive Jujuba major, Park. Zizypha sativa et sylvestris, 
J. B. Jujuba major oblonga, C. B. P. Zizyphus sativa 
Gaertn. This specimen is attached to a sheet bearing two 
other specimens, one Z. Zeylanica argentea spinis carens, waela- 
embilla Zeylonens., Paradis. Bat. Prod. : the other, Z. Zeylanica 
argentea tota non spinosa, Mdhaaembilla ; both are Elaeagnua 
latifolia L. 

*153. Z. Zeylanica argentea tota non spinosa, P. B. P. Maeagnus 
latifolia L. 

154. Z. Africana spinis validissimis armata, Odenlandii. ? Zizyphus 

Spina Christi Willd. 

155. Jujuba Indica rotun lifolia spinosa foliis majoribus subtus 

lanuginosis et incanis, Breyn. Prod. 2, 60. Jujuba Indica, C. B. 
Item Malus Maluccensis nonnihil spinosa, ejusd. Item Pruno 



AEBORES PEUNIPERAE 241 

similis foliis Laccam ferens, ejusd., Ber et Bor Acostae, 
Park. ?Zizyplius Jujuba Willd. 

156. Jujubae similis arbor Maacatensis non spinosa, fructu rotundo, 

Pluk. Tab. 312, 3. 

157. Jujubae similis arbor Indiae Orient. inaequaKbus spinis aureis 

ex cortice candidissima prorumpentibus armata, Pluk. Aim. 

Tab. 312, 4. Yelindy. 
*158. Cerasus sativa rotunda, rubra et acida, quae nostras, Cerasus 

rubra, C. B. P. Cerasus acida rubella, J. B. Cerasus Anglica, 

Park. Cerasus vulgaris, Ger. Cit. Primus Cerasus a capro- 

niana L., 474. 
*159. C. hortensis sive Flandrorum. 
*160. C. cordata rubra, sive rubra Cordiformis. Cerasus duracena 

oblonga, J. B. 

*161. C. cordiformis nigricans. Prunus acida Ehrb. 

*162. C. incarnata s. carnis substantia praedita. The Carnation Chery. 

*163. C. Ducalis. 

*164. C. nigra sylvestris. 

*165. C. flore pleno, J. B., Ger. Ceitisus hortensis flore pleno, C. B. P. 
Cerasus multiflora pauciores fructus edens, Park. Paradis. 
Cit. P. Cerasus y plena L., 474. 

*166. C. folio maximo fructu rubro minore. 

*167. C. pumila, C. B. P. Chamaecerasus, Matth. Cit. P. Cerasus 6 
pumila L., 474. 

*168. C. racemosa fructu non eduli, C. B. P. Cerasus racemosa qui- 
busdam aliis Padus, J. B. P. Padus L. 

*169. C. similis arbuscula Mariana, Padi folio, flore albo parvo race- 

moso, Pluk. Mantiss. p. 43. Amelanohier canadensis 

Medic. 
*170. C. sylvestris amara, Mahaleb putata, J. B. Ceraso affinis, C. B. 

Mahaleb, Matth. Hist. Lugd. Prunus Mahaleb L., 474. 
*171. C. Africana non racemosa, fructu eduli, folio laurino. Oldenl. 

Hermanni. Two sheets. 
*172. C. humilis Africana folio rotundo crasso. Amst. Carbon 

impression of a leaf. ? Cassine Maurooenla L. 
*173. C. Cap. Bon. Spei major. Carbon impression of a leaf. 
*174. C. Cap. Bon. Spei minor. Carbon impression of a leaf. 
*175. C. Americana Myrti conjugatis foliis, fructu tetrapyreno, Pluk. 

Aim. 94, Tab. 157, 4. The sowre chery tree. Malpighia 

glabra L. 
*176. C. Madrasp. foliis latis cuspidatis, Mus. Pet. 371. An Ceraso 

aifinis baccifera Indica trifolia fructu rotundo monopyreno 

pedioulo longo, Rail Hist. 1593. Malago maram, H. Mai. 

Part 5, p. 25, Pluk. Aim. Bot., p. 94. Cundoo Maumedy Melo 

127i B 



242 AEBORES ET FRUTICE3 

mango maram, Incolis, et Woodga maram, Cunga munga 

Cheddy. Sent from Fort St. George. 
*177. C. Hottentottorum, Lycium Africanum fructu Cerasi rubro, 

P. B.P. Item Bhamnus Africana Cerasi fructu, ejusd. Pluk. 

Tab. 82, 5, sine nomine. 

Two sheets ; one is probably Cassia sp. teste J. S. Gamble, 

the other is Cassine capeusis L. 
*178. C. Sebestenae domesticae foliis aliquatenus accedens, Prom. 

Bon. Spei, Pluk. Tab. 97, 8. Et Lycium forte non spinosum 

crassis et incanis foliis, P. B. P. Carpsi Carsiboom vulgo 

Belgarum. Plukenet's name is cited for Cassine Peragua L., 

269. 
179. White Chery. 
*180. Clammie Chery tree. Barbadoes. ? Cordia CoUococca L. 

181. Arbor baccifera Cerasi facie floribus luteis fasciculatis, Unaupi- 

sali, Eermanni. 

182. Cerasi fructu arbuscula Zeylanica. 

*183. Lotus fructu Cerasi, C. B. P. Lotus arbor fructu Cerasi, J. B. 

Lotus arbor, Ger., Park. Celtis australis L. 
*184. L. arbor folio glabro, fructu rubro. C. oocidentalis L. 
185. L. Ulmi vel Coryli folio, Dodart. D. Du Bois. 
*186. Lotodendron Madraspat. folio longiore pubescente, Pluk. Mus. 

Pet. 656. Ande maula marram. Sent from Fort St. George hy 

Dr. Edw. Bulkley 1700. Qrewia hirsuta Vahl. 
*187. Santalum album, et citrinum officinar.. Dale Pharm. 478. 

S. B. 6. 233. Fructus Cerasi magnitudine per maturitatem 

nigri. Santalum album L. 
188. Arbuscula Zeylanica floribus umbellatis luteis, fructu nigro 

Cerasino, v. Pluk. Tab. 276. 4. 
*189. Aibor Indica baccifera fructu umbilicato rotundo Cerasi magni- 
tudine dicocco, Rail. Hist. Angolam forte H. Mai. Pluk. 

Tab. 12. 1. Serd from Fort St. George hy Dr. Edward Bulkley 

1702. Narruly. Two sheets ; Alangium Xiamarckii Thw. 
190. Cerasi fructu Arbuscula Zeylanica. 
*191. Azederach arbor Praxini folio florecaeruleo,C. B.P. Azederacth, 

Dod. Azederacheni arbor, J. B. e Madrasp. Mella Aze- 

darach L. 
*192. A. floribus albis semper virens, H. Leyd. Azadarach Indica 

foliis non deciduis ossiculo polypyreno, P. B. P. Melly Vemhoo. 

M. Azedarach L. 
193. A. Indica foliis ramosis minoribua, flore albo, subcaeruleo, 

purpurascente majore, Hort, Amst., p. 147. 



AEBOEES PEUNIFEEAE 243 

AEBOEES PEUNIFEEAE SEMPEE VIEENTES. 

*194. Olea sativa, C. B. P., J. B., Ger. Two sheets ; Olea europaea L. 
*195. 0. maxima Hispanica, C. B. P. Olea major subrotunda, Bot. 

Monsp. O. europaea L. 
*196. 0. minor Genevensis, Baetica, Clusii. O. europaea L. var. 
*197. 0. sylvestris humilis Africana. 
*198. 0. Laurino folio Portoricensis, summo margine crenato, Pluk. 

Aim. Nux aut potius Olea Laurino folio Portoricensis summo 

margine crenato, Pluk. Phyt. Tab. 206, 6. Amygdali Brasil. 

nomine a D. Hermanno missa. Huic forte spectat. Kari- 

vetti, H. Mai. Part. 4, p. 111. 
*199. 0. sylvestris folio moUi incano, C. B. P. Olea Bohemica, J. B. 

Oleaster Cappadocicus, Park. Theat. Slaeagnus angusti- 

folia L. 
*200. 0. sylvestris Barbadiensium folio angusto pingui leviter crenato, 

Pluk. Tab. 209. 3. 

Wild olive of Barbadoes. Two distinct leaves one of which 

closely resembles Bontia daphnoides L., cit. 638. 
*201. 0. Madraspatana Celastri folio, Mus. Pet. No. 439. 
*202. Laurocerasus, J. B., Clus. Hist. Cerasus folio Laurino, C. B. P. 

Eadem foliis ex argenteo colore variegatis. Prunus Lauro- 

Cerasus L. 

*203. L. Lusitanica minor, Tournefort El. Bot. p. 628. Asarero 
Lusitanis. Forte Pee tumba, H. Mai. Part. 9. p. 87. P. lusi- 
tanica L. 

204. Laurus aromatica Barbadiensium. 

205. Arbor baccifera cerasi facie floribus luteis fascioulatis Hermanni. 

206. Cerasi fructu arbuscula Zeylanica. 

207. Arbor Indica baccifera fructu umbilicato rotundo cerasi magni- 

tudine dicocco, Raii Hist. Angolam forte H. M. Pluk. Tab„ 
12, f. 1. 



AEBOEES POMIFEEA.E POLYPYEENAE, PEUCTU FLOEEM 
SUBSIDENTB SEU UMBILICATO. 

*208. Malus sylvestris sive agrestis Anglis. The Crab Tree. Pyrus 

Malus var. sylvestris L. 
*209. M. sativa. Tlie Apple Tree. P. Malus L. var. 

210. Mangroue Apple. Badminton. 

211. Pomifera seu potius Prunifera Indica, nuce reniformi, summo 

porno insidente, Cajous dicta, Raii Hist. 1628. Anacardii alia 
species, C. B. P. 512. Arajou, Linschot. Cit. Anacardium 
ocoidentale L., 383. 
*212. Pyrus sativa. Pyrus communis L. var. 

E 2 



244 AEBOEES ET FEUTICES 

*213. P. sylvestris. P. oommuniB L. var. 

214. Malus Cydonia sine Cotonea. P. Cydonia L. 

215. SorbuB sativa, C. B. P. Sorbus J. B. Sorbua legitima, Park. 

Sorbua domestica L. = P. domestica Ehrh. 
*216. Anacardium Occidentale Cajous dictum, ossiculo reni Leporis 
figura, H. L. Bat. Cajous J. B. Anacardii alia species, C. B. P. 
Kapamava, H. Mai. part. 3, 65. Pomifera seu potius Pruni- 
feralndica nuce reniforme summo pomo innascente, Cajous 
dicta, Raii, 1649. (See No. 211.) Anacardium occidentale 
L. Another sbeet, ^ Madrasp., is Ixora parviflora Vahl. 

AEBOEES POMIFEEAE FLOEIBUS FEUCTtTM SUBSIDENTIBUS. 

*217. Aurantium vulgare Ferrarii. Citrus Aurantium L. var. 
*218. Malus Aurantia flore et fructu rubro. 
*foliis variegatis. 
"angustissimo et longissimo folio, 
acida Barbadiensis. 
Chinensis came dulci, e Barbadoes. 

*Maxima Barbadiensis, Shaddoet or Pumple nose. Malus 
aurantia vtriusque Indiae fructu omnium maximo et 
suavissimo. Cit. C. Aurantium y decumana L., ed. 
ii. 1101. 
219. Aurantia ex India, Kitchelly marram. D. Du Bois. 
*220. Lima dulcis Ferrarii. 
*221. L. Chinensis, Barbadoes. China Orange. 
*222. Lime Tree, St. Christophers. 

*223. Limo Madraspatanus apicibus foliorum fere sinuatis, fruct. 
cuspidate, Pet. Petiver's specimen, M. N. 43. Atalantia 
monophylla DC. 

224. Limo foliis bifidis, Mus. Pert. Nir carumby, and Corenda Chedde. 

Fort St. George. 

225. Malus Citria. 

226. Pome Citron from Barbadoes. 

*227. Malus Punica flore pleno, H. R. P. Balaustia Hispanica, J. B. 
Balaustium flore pleno majore, C. B. P. Punica Granatum 
j3. li., flore pleno. 

*228. Pome Granate from the East Indies. P. Granat\im L. 

*229. Malus Granata Zeylanica spinosa. Carbon impression only. 

*230. Guaiva alba acida fructu rotundiore Indiae Orientalis, Pluk. 
Tab. 198, 4. Guaiva pomifera Indica, C. B. P. Guaiva Indica 
fi-uct. Mali facie, J. B. Xalxochotl Mexicensis, sive Pomum 
arenosum, Hernand. Psidium Quajava L. 

*231. G. alba dulcis, P.B.P. Hort. Amst. p. 121. ? P. Ouajava 
L. var. 



AEBORES POMIFEEAE 245 

232. Papaia Peruanis, J. B. Arbor Platani folio, fructu Peponis 

magnitudine, C. B. P. Item Ficuum species fructus Peru- 
vianus, Bjusd. Mamorea mas et foemina, Ger., Park., Marc- 
grav. Cit. Carica Papaya L., 1036. 

233. Papaia sylvestris Surinamensis. ? C. Fosoposa L., 1036. 

234. Vitelli, Yam. 

235. Massinilia pomifera fructu majore, Par. Bat. Prod. 

*236. Anona minor folio lucido, D. Sher. 

*237. Anona Americana folio splendente, ex Vera Cruce, P. B. Prod., 
Pluk. Tab. 135, 1, Aim. 31. 

238. A. Indica latifolia fructu squamato aspero, seminibus ex flavo 
nigrioantibus turgida, Pluk. Tab. 134, 2, Aim. p. 31. Sowre 
sop. Anona Americana sylvest. folio et fructu maximis, 
P.B.P. (see No. 239). 

*239. A. Indica fructu ex viridi et luteo, cortice squamato aspero, 

nucleis nigrioantibus parvis, Pink. Tab. 134, 3. Guanabanus 

Oviedi fructu squamato, J. B. Sweet sop, or Sugar apple. 

Honig Appell. Anona squamosa L. 

Another sheet, The sowre Sop tree, is probably A. muri- 

cata L. 
*240. A. Indica angustifolia fructu caeruleo, cortice squamato glabro, 

Pluk. Tab. 134, 4. Custard Apple. Three sheets, one labelled 

[Custard Apple, St. Xtophers, are A. reticulata L. 
241. A. Indica fructu conoide viridi squamis veluti aculeate, Pluk. 

Tab. 135, 2. The Prickle Apple. Cit. A. muricata L., 537. 
*242. A. Americana juxta fluviorum ripas innascens pyriformi fructu 

semine ampliore pallido, Pluk. Tab. 240, 6. Eiver Pear. Cit, 

A. palustris L., ed. ii, 758. 
243. A. major fructu dulci, Par. Bat. Prod. 
*244. A. Curassavica fructu dulci, Par. Bat. Prod. Anona ? Swt. Sop 

ex Surinam Mespilus Surinamensis. ? A. reticulata L. 
*245. A. species, Nona maram. Fort St. George. D. Du Bois. 

Two specimens on the same sheet ; the upper one is 

A. squamosa L. 
*246. A. species, Auta Cheddy, et Auta Cherry. Bombay. Ibid. 

A. reticulata L. 
247. Cucurbitifera arbor Americana, Par. Bat. Prod. Cucurbitifera 

arbor Picus Nigritarum, Theveti, J. B. Ficui similis arbor 

fructu oblongo, C. B. P. 
*248. C. spinosa Indica, fructus pulpa Mali Cydoniae aemula, Pluk. 

Tab. 170, 5. Aegle Marmelos Correa. 
*249. C. arbor Americana, Cuite Brasiliens., Marcgravii. Calabasier 

vulgo, P. B. P. Crescentia Cujete L. 

250. The Calabash tree. Barbadoes. 

251. An Cucurbitifera Malabarica Oenopliae subrotundo folio fructu 



246 AEBORES ET FEUTICE3 

orbiculari rubro, cujuB grana sunt Nuces Vomicae Officinarum. 
Aim. Bot. p. 124. 
*252. Igasur seu Nux vomica legitima Serapionis, Catalongay et 
Cantara dicitur, Philos. Transact. No. 250. Mart. 1699. Cap. 
6. Idem cum priore. 

Loose leaves, and a drawing including fruit and seed. 
The drawing ia a copy of Camelli's figures in the Phil. 
Trans., which are also reproduced in Bentley and Trimen's 
Medicinal Plants, iii, p. 179, for Stryclmos Ignatii Berg. 

253. Vomica Officinarum, Dale 448, S.B. 1, 28. 

254. Nuois vomicae species. Ette maram, et yetti maram. Caniram, 

Hort. Mai. Part 1, fig. 37, vel Modira Caniram, Part 8, Tab. 24. 

*255. Apioscoridon sive Arbor Americana triphylla AUii odore, Poma 
ferens, Plut. Tab. 137, 7. The Garlick Pear. Three leaves, 
all different. Cit. Crataeva Tapia L., 444. 

256. Massinilia pomo sive fructu majore, Par. Bat. 

AEBORES POMIPEEAE FLOEIBUS INTEA FEUCTUM OCCULTATIS. 

*257. Ficus sylvestria Dioscoridis, Caprificus Plinio, C. B. P. Cit. 
Fious Carica o^ L., 1059. 

*258. Ficus humilis, C. B. P. Chamaeficus, J. B. Cit. F. Carica p, 
L., 1059. 

*259. Ficus Ger., J. B. Ficus vulgaris, Park. Ficus sativa fructu 
praecoci virente, intus roseo, Toumefort El. Bot. p. 662. 
P. Carica L. 

*260. F. alba. Ficus sativa fructu praecoci albo mellifluo. El. Bot. 
r. Carica L. 

*261. F. rubra Massiliensis. Ficus sativa fructu violaceo longo, intus 
rubente, Tourn. El. Bot. F. Carica L. 

*262. F. Benghalensis, folio subrotundo, fructu orbiculato, H. Amst. 
119. Two sheets ; one, labelled A milky plant, seed like thefruite 
of a small berry, from the East Indies, is F. benghalensis L. 

*263. P. ex Insula Di. Christopheri. vulgo Dough fig. Astreshe maram. 

*264. F. Malabarensis folio cuspidato, fructu rotundo parvo gemino, 
D. Seyn, Pluk. Tab. 178, 2. Arealu, H. Mai. Tom. 1. Ficus 
Benghalensis folio subrotundo fruct. orbiculari, H. Amst. 
p. 119. Two sheets, one Sent from Fort St. George by my brother 
Daniel du Bois ; both are P. religiosa L. 

*265. F. Americana latiore folio venoso ex Curacoa. An Ficus arbor 
Barbadiensium Ligonis, Pluk. Tab. 178, 1. H. R. Hampt. 
F. benghalensis L. 

266. P. major, Sti. Christopheri. 

267. F. minor, Sti. Christoph. ? F. oordifolia Blume. 



AEBOEES BACCIFEEAE 247 

*268. F. Indica arcuata, Park. Ficns Indica, J. B. Ficus Indica 
folio Mali Cotoneae fructu Ficubus simili in Goa, C. B. The 
Archid Indian figg tree. 

Caspar Bauhin's name is cited for Ficus indica L., 1060, 
but the leaves are not Ficus. 

*269. Balsamum rupestre Barbadiense, Cenchramidea arbor saxis 
adnasoens, obrotundo pingui folio, fructu pomiformi in 
plurimas oapsulas granula fioulnea (stylo columnari hexa- 
gono praeduro) adhaerentia continentes diviso, Balsamum 
fundens, Pluk. Tab. 157, 2. The Balsame tree or Wyth . . . 
when cut a milkie juice runs out wch. is the Balsame. Clusia 
insignls Mart. 

270. Cenchramidea Loti arboris folio, capsulari fructu erinaceo 
parvo, orbiculari, compresso, quinquefariam diviso, gi-anulis 
Ficuum similibus referto, Pluk. Tab. 156, 4, 



AEBORES BACCIFEEAE MONOPTEENAE. 

271. Terebinthus major Pistaciae folio, [Lob.] Adv., Bot. Monsp. 

Terebinthus latifolia. Park. Cit. Pistaoia trifolia ^ L. 

272. T. angustiore folio vulgatior, Park. Terebinthus vulgaris, C. B. P. 

Terebinthus, J. B. Cit. P. Terebinthus L., 1026. 

273. T. Americana polyphylla, Palamalatta dicta, Pluk. Tab. 22S. 

Par. Bat. Hort. Amst. p. 149. Cit. Bursera Simaruba, 

Sargent. 

274. T. Curassavica major. 

275. T. minoris aemula foliis angustioribus et rotundioribus, Pluk. 

Tab. 64, 5. 

*276. T. Americana sorbi Aucupariae foliis, rachi medio appendicibus 
alata, Pluk. Phyt. Tab. 228, 7. Tacamahaca foliis ternis 
crenatis ex Hort. Beaum. 

277. Balsamum Capoiba, vulgo Capavae, lo. Polus Lucaan. Copai- 

fera sp. 
*278. Lentiscus Lob., Ger., Park., J. B. 1. 285, Dod. Pempt. 371. 
Leutiscus vulgaris, C. B. P. 899. Pistacia Iientiscus L. 

*279. L. foliis latioribus. P. Lentiseus L. 
280. L. humilis Africana trifoliata. 
*281. L. Peruana, C. B. P. 399. Molle, Clus. in Monard. MoUe arbor 

serratis foliis. Schinus Molle L., ed. ii, 1467. 
282. Sassafras sive Lignum Pavanum, J. B. Sassafras, Ger., Park. 
Arbor de Florida ficulneo folio, C. B. P. Cornus mas odorata 
folio trifido, margine piano, Sassafras dicta, Pluk. Tab. 222, 6. 
Cit. Laurua Sassafras L., 371 = Sassafras officinale Nees 
& Eberm. 



243 ARBOEES ET PEUTICES 

*283. Coculus Indus Officin., Park. Cocci Orientales, Ger., J. B. 
Cooulae officinarum, C. B. Arbor Indica Coculos Officinarum 
ferens, Breyn. Natsjatam, Hort. Mai. T. 7. Anamirta pani- 
culata Colebr. = A. Cocculus Wight & Amott. 

284. Taxus, Ger., Park., C. B.P. J. B. 1, 241, Chab. Cit. Taxus 

baccata L., 1040. 

285. T. foliis toto auratis. ? T. baccata L. var. 

*286. Todalli facie Malaocensis Urticae floribus, H. Sice. Pet. Ray, 
Vol. 3, p. 249. Dudhali Valeriodi St. Gioseppi, Zan. Mallam 
Toddali, H. Mai. T. 4. p. 83. Two sheets, Trema orientalis 
Blume. 

AEBOEES BACCIFEEAE DIPTEENAE. 

287. Alnus nigra baccifera, J.B. Tom. 1, 560. C. B.P. 428. Fran- 
gula sive Alnus baccifera, Park. Cit. Bhamnus alpinusL., 
193. 

*288. Alnifolia Americana serrata, floribus pentapetalisalbisinspicam 
dispositis, Pluk. Tab. 115, 1, Aim. p. 18 (see No. 21). Cletkra 
alnifolia L. 

289. Bacciferae Madraspat. Myrti Laureae foliis perforatis sed vix 

conspicuis, Mus. Pet. No. 361. Velle conge et Coddel coongy, 
D. Du Bois. 

290. Alder tree of Barbadoes. ? Clethra alnifolia L. 

*291. Caryophyllus aromaticus Indiae Occident, foliis et fmctu rotnndis, 
dipyrene, seminibus fere orbiculatis planis, Pink. Aim. SB, 
Tab. 155, 8. Guryophyllon Plinii, C.B. P. 411. Amomum 
aliud quorundam et Caryophyllon Plinii Clusio suspicatum, 
Park. 1567. Amomum quorundam odore Caryophylli, J. B. 
Tom. 2. Caryophyllus folio et fructu rotundo, Breyn. Prod. 2. 
Peimento de Chapa Hispanis, Fran. Redi. Xocoxochitl, sive 
Piper Tavasci, Hemand. 30. Allspice. Pemento, Chdsey. 
Cit. Myrtus caryophyUataL., 472 ; but the specimen, a single 
leaf, appears to be Pimenta officinalis Lindl. 

*292. C. aromaticus Americanus, Lauri acuminatis foliis, fructu orbi- 
culari, Pluk. Aim. 88, Tab. 155, 4. Myrtus arborea foliis 
Laurinis aromatica, D. Sloan. Peimenta et lamaica Pepper 
nostratibus nuncnpata. Myrtus Pimenta L., 472 = Pinienta 
officinalis Lindl. 

*293. C. spurius Malabarensis flore luteo. An Cattu carambu, Hort. 
Mai. Fig. 50, p. 2. Sent from Pegu in the East Indies. Jussiaea 
suffruticosa L. 

*294. C. spurius Malabarensis, flore luteo minore. An Carambu Hort- 
Mai. fig. 45, p. 95. Corchorus acutanguliis Lam. 

*295. Peimento, Bartholini. 



Missing Page 



250 AEBOEES ET FRUTICES 

*312. J. Caroliniana Thuiae Theophrasto vulgo foliis, ratnulis fusis et 
compressis odoratis, Pluk. Aim. 201, Tab. 197, 4. e Barbadoes. 
J. bermudiana L. 

A second specimen, from Maryland, is probably Cupressus 
Thyoides L. (= Chamaecyparis thyoides B. S. P.). 

*313. J. foliis Prutex Africanus. J. Cedrus Webb & Berth. 

*314. Arbuscula trifolia spinosa fructu miniato tricocco, sapore Piperis, 
Hermanni. Kudhumiris. Frutex baccifer Indicus spitiosus 
trifoliatus floribus spicatis, fructu piano rotundo bicocco, Saii 
Hist., Kaka-Todalli, II. Mai. Tom. 5, p. 8X. Toddalla aculeata 
Pera. 
315. Mimosae facie Africana baccis rubris. Ex. Cod. Compton. 

AEBOEES BACCIEEEAE TETEAPYEENAE. 

*316. Aquifolium sive Agrifolium vulgo, J. B. 1, 114. Ilex baccifera 

aculeata folio sinuoso, C. B. P. 421. Ilex Aqtdfolium L. 
*317. A. foliis ex luteo variegatis, H. R. P. I. Aquifoliiun L., var. 

variegatum. 
*318. A. foliis ex albo variegatis, H. L. B. I. Aquifolium L., var. 

variegatum. 
*319. Agrifolium echinata folii superflcie, Cornuti. A galled form of 

I. Aquifolium L. 
320. Idem folio linea aurea per medium notatum. 
*321. Aquifolium Virginianum tuberosum, v. Plut. Chelsey. I. opaca 

Ait=I. queroifolia Meerb. (I. K.). 
322. A. angustifolium spinosum. 
*323. A. amplissimis foliis ex Insulia Fortunatis, Pluk. Aim. 38, 

Tab. 262. 
*324. Agrifolii facie Arbor Malabarica, Acanthi flore albo cucuUato, 

Pluk. Aim. Tab. 261, 4. Paina Schulli H. M. T. 2. 93. Acanthi 

species ? Acanthus ilioifollus L. 
*325. Agrifolium echinatum foliis ex auro variegatis. A galled form 

of Ilex Aqulfollviin L., 125. 
*326. Arbor Americana quinque-nervia, comantibus flosculis foliis 

amplissimis glabris, prona parte albicantibua, Pluk. Aim. 

p. 40, Tab. 264. 4. Christophoriana Amer. Malabathri foliis 

acuminatis nervosis dentata, Pluk. Tab. 159, 1. Nettle tree 

of Barbadoes. Two plants on the sheet. The leafy specimen 

is Miconia sp. : the fruits belong to Grewia sp. There is 

a second sheet of the Miconia. 

AEBOEES BACCIPEEAE POLTPYEENAE, SIVE PLUEIBUS ACINIS. 

*327. Morus alba, J. B. Tom. 1, 119. Morua fructu albo, C. B. P. 459. 

Morus Candida, Dod. Pempt. 810. Morus alba L. 
*328. M. nigra, J. B. 1, 118. Morus fructu nigro, C. B. P. 459. 

M. nigra L. 



ABBOEES BACCIFEEAE 251 

*329. M. Virginiana lactescens latissimo folio, H. Beaumont. Mori- 
folia Virginiana arbor, Loti arboris instar ramosa foliis 
amplissimus, Pluk. Aim. 253, Tab. 246, 4. Corylus maxima 
folio latissimo Virginiana, Rail Hist. 1799. MoruB rubra L. 

*330. M. Barbadiensis foliis in rotundiores laoinias divisis. 

'331. Arbor baccifera Brasiliensis fi-uctu tuberculis in aequali Mori 
aemulo. Dale Pharm. 405, Rail Hist. 1810. Fustick wood 
D. Pet. Chlorophora tinotoria Gaudich. 

*832. Arbutus folio serrate, C. B. P. 460. Arbutus Comarus Theo- 
phrasti, J. B. 1, 83. Arbutus, Dod. Pempt. 804. Unedo 
Plinii vulgo. Artoutus Unedo L. 
333. Arbutus folio non serrato, C. B. P. Adrachne Theophrasti, J. B. 
Clus. 

*334. Arbor Orientalis baccifera Lauri foliis crassis et venosis per 
siccitatem atro nitentibus quasi vernice tinotis, polypyrene, 
Pluk. Tab. 140, 2. Webera corymbosa ■Willd.=Tarenna 
zeylanica Gaertn. (I. K.). 

335. Adracbna Theophrasti, Clus. 

336. Adrachna species folio longiore. 

ARBOEES BACCIFEEAE POLTPTEENAE FLOEIBUS FEUCTUI 
INSIDENTIBUS, SIVE FEUCTU UMBILICATO. 

337. Sorbus sylvestris foliis domestioae similis, C. B. P. 415. Sorbus 

Aucuparia, J. B. 1, 62. Sorbus sylvestris Alpina, Lob. Icon. 

107. Sorbus sylvestris sive Praxinus bubula, Ger. Ornus 

sive Fraxinus sylvestris, Park. Cit. Sorbus aucuparia L., 477= 

Pyrus Aucuparia Ehrh. 
*338. S. Alpina, J. B. 1, 65. Aria Theopbrasti, Ger. Sorbus sylvestris 

Aria Theophrasti dicta. Park. Alni effigie lanato folio major, 

C. B. P. 452. Crataegus folio subrotundo, serrato, subtus 

incano, Tourn. Crataegus Aria L.=P. Aria Ehrh. 
*339. Eadem foliis acutioribus et profundius dentatis. Found hy 

Dr. Sherard in Stokenchurch woods. Pyrus Aria Ehrh. var. 

incisa Reichb. 
340. Sorbus virginiana foliis Arbuti, J. B. Chelsey ? Cit. Mespilus 

arbutifolia L., 478= Pyrus arbutifolia L. f. 
*341. Mespilus vulgaris, J. B. 1, 69. Mespilus Germanica folio Laurino 

non serrato, sive Mespilus sylvestris, C. B. P. 453. Mespilus 

germanica L. = P. germanica Hook. f. 
*342. M. Apii folio sylvestris non spinosa, sive sorbus tormiualis, C. B. P. 

Sorbus torminalis et Crataegus Theophrasti, J. B. Crataegus 

torminalis L.=P. torminalis Ehrh. 
*343. M. Apii folio sylvestris spinosa, sive Oxyacantha, C. B. P. 454. 

Oxyacanthus Ger. Oxyacanthus vulgaris, sive spinus albus, 

J. B. 1, 49. Crataegus Oxyacantha L. = C. monogyna Jacq. 
Another sheet, M. Apii f olio Jlorepleno, is C. oxyaeanthoides 

Thuill. Jlore pleno. 



252 ABBOEES ET FEUTICES 

344. M. spinosa, sive Oxyacantha flore pleno, Toum. Oxyacanthd 
sive spina alba flore pleno, Munting. Hist. 186. 

*345. il. Aronia Ger., Dod. Pempt. 801. Mespilas Aronia veterum, 
J. B. 1, 67. Mespilus Aronia sive Neapolitana, Park. Mespilas 
Apii foUo laciniato, C. B. P. 453. Crataegus Azarolus L. 

*.346. M. Virginiana (Aronia) foliis integris, iis ad Pyri accedentibus. 
C. tomentosa L. 

'347. M. Virginiana aculeata Pyrifolia denticnlata splendens, fmctn 
insigni rutilo, Pink. Tab. 46, 1. C. Crus-Galli L. 

On a second sheet the specimens (leaves) are certainly not 
that species, but probably C. mollia Scheele. 

348. il. Virginiana spinosa hnmilior Pyracanthae foliis TradescantL 

349. M. Americana spinosa Alatemi foliis. Chelsey. Major et 

minor. 

350. M. Virginiana Apii folio vnlgari similis major spinis grandio- 

ribns, Pink. Tab. 46, 3. Cited by Sargent, SQva N. America IV, 
108, for the Washington Thorn, C. cordata Alton. 

*351. M. Virginiana spinis horrida fructu amplo coccineo, Pink. Tab. 
46, 4. Mespilas Canadensis Sorbi torminalis facie, Toum. 
Ozyacantha Virginiana ossiculis binis fructu magno inclusis, 
Banist. Cat. Virgin. Oxyacantha Americana Galli calcar 
dicta Raii. Mespilas Virginiana colore rutilo, C. B. P. App. ? 
Cited by Sargent 1. c. 100, and the figure agrees, C. mollis 
Scheele. 

*3o2. M. Americana Laurifolia glabra fructu rubro mucilaginoso, 
Hort. Amst. Part 1, p. 1-5-3. Calabara rubra foliis lanrinis, 
Par. Bat. Prod., Pink. Tab. 326, 5. 
353. An Sorbus Virgin, folio Arbuti, Breyn. Mespiltis Virginiana 
Arbuti lanato folio, Pluk. Aim. ? This may refer to Mespilu3 
arbutifolia L.=Pyrus arbutifolia L. f. 

*354. Guajacnm Pativinum latifolinm, Ger. Gnajacana, J. B. Lotus 
A&icana latifolia, C. B. P. Dlospyros Iiotus L., 1057. 

*355. Pishamin Virginianum, Park. Theat. 1523. Diospyros vir- 
giniana L. 



AEBOEES BACCIFEEAE IKCEETAE SEDIS. 

.356. Mimosae facie Africana baccis rubris, ex Cod. Compton. 

357. Arbor Canaiiensis baccis rubris. 

358. Arbor Amer. baccifera Myrtifolia viminalibus virgia sive 

FlagelUfera, Pluk. Aim. p. 46, Tab. 139, 6. 

359. Elemnifera arbor ex mente D. Sherard, Pluk. Tab. 173, 5. 

Arbor Amer. Quercinis foliis angustioribus, H. Hampt. 103. 
*B60. Arbor Amer. Faginis foliis glabris, crenis larioribus per mar- 

ginem dentatis, ex Insula Barbadiensi, Pluk. Tab. 241, 3. 
361. Baccifera Madrasp. Castanea* foHo mncronato, Mas. Pet. 618. 



AEBOEis snjqirosAE 253 

3€2. Bacdfeia lacemosa Madiasp. Lanii ceiasi foliis, floiibn^ parris 
nnmerosisaLinis, Phfl. Transact. No. 2-2-i, p. 320. Cuiam 
Chedde Malab., PhiL Transact. Xa 264^ p. 584. Corann. 

363. The Cedar tree of Barbadoes is great, yt^ small wbiteish leaves, 
like those of Euonjmns, and brittle branches, w* a seed or 
berry. 

ABBORES STLIQTJOSAB SITE STLKJUTFERAE MOIfOPHmAB. 

*364. Arbor Jndae, Lob., 6er., Part Jndaica arbor, J. B. 1, 433. 
Siliqua sflTestri^ rotnndifolia, C.B. P. 403. Ceratia agrestis 
rotimdifolia, floribns eleganter pnrpnreis. Pink. Aim 9.5. 
Siliquasbmin, Cast. Dmant. 415. Git. Cercis Siliqaastrnm L.. 
37-L LeaTes only, which probably are ICallotiis sp. 

365. Eadeta flore albo. 

366. Arbor Jadae Americaiia magis acnminatis foliis, Baii Hist. 

Ceratia sylrestxis mncroiato folio, floribns parvis Caroliniano. 
Jndaica arbor Tirginiana folio cordato, P. B. P. 

367. Arbor siliqiiosa Barbadiensiiun Lanrinis foliis splendentibns. 

Bastard Locos ab Incolis nominata. Probably refers to 
Clethra tiiiifolia Sw. 

368. Arbor sQiqnosa Faginis foliis Americana floribns comosis, Pink. 

Aim. p. 44 nit. (see No. 3-56 . 

ASBORES srLIQrOSAi: DtPHTLLAE. 

*369. Arbor D" Thomae, Acostae. Asistra sive Arbor D" Thomae, 
Eethesmar, Arab. Zan. Coranna Mandam, Hort. Mai. Tom. 1, 
p. 57. Arbor siliqnoea Malabarica foliis bifidis, flore purpnra- 
seente striato. Sent from Fort 5*. George hy IF. Edu/^.BuJUeif, 
1700. Mandarrtf. VeOa Mandary. Banbinia -rariegata L., 
375. 

*370. A. siliqnosa Malabarica foliis bifidis minoribns flore albo flave- 
scente striato, D. Seyn. Canschena-poo, H. Mai. Tom. 1, p. 63. 
Arbor D* Thomae minor. Mandam 4 species. Can. B. tc- 
mentosa L. 

*37L A. sfliqaosa Malabarica foliis bifidis minoribns flore candido 
striato, D. SeyiL Mandam 3 species sive Velntta Mandam, 
H. Mai. Part 1, fig. 34. Surra mandary. B. tomentosa L. 

*372. A. aUiqaosa Malabarica foL bifidis majoribns, flore intensius 
pnrpnrascente striato, D. Seyn. Mandam 2 spec. s. ChaTanna 
Mandam, 2», H. MaL Part 1, fig. 33. Two sheets, leaves only, 
probably E. pnrpuFea L. 

^^373. A. siliqnoea Malabarica media foliis bifidis in fnrcas acntiores 
divisis. Two leaves and one valve of a &ait. Mr. Gamble 
suggests it is B. nLonandra Knrz. 



554 AEBOEES ET FRUTICES 

*374. Mandaru Madraspatana foliis firmioribus bisulcis glabritie 
splendentibuB ad surculum densius stipatis, Pluk. Aim. 240, 
T. 44, 6. Arbor D. Thorn, minor. Cit. B. tomentosa L., 375, 
but the specimen is not this species. 

*375. Ceratia diphyllos Antegoana, Ricini majoris fructu nigro, siliqua 
grandi incluso, Pluk. Aim. p. 96, Tab. 82, 3. Jetaiba 
Brasiliens. Pis. Arbor Brasiliensis siliquosa et gummifera 
Gummi Anime eimili, Raii Hiat. Arbor siliquosa ex Virginia 
lobo fusco scabro, C. B. Locus ex Surinama. Two Bheets, 
both are Hymenaea but distinct species. Cit. Hymeuaea 
Courbaril L., 1192. A third sheet is ? Peltogyne sp. 
376. Unguis Cati Arbor Americana spinosa siliquosa. 

AEBOEES SILIQUOSAE TEIPHYLLAE. 

*377. Coral arbor siliquosa, J. B. 1, 426. Siliqua sylvestris spinosa 
arbor Indica, C. B. P. 402. Ai-buscula Corallii, Ferr. Flor. 
381. Phaseolis accedens Coral arbor spinosa Orientalis fructu 
obscure rubente, Pluk. Aim. 293. Corallodendron triphyllum 
Americanum spinosum flore ruberrimo, Tourn. e Madrasp. 
Arbor Corall. Muricu, H. M. T. 6, /. 7. Two sheets. Ery- 
thrina indica Lam. 

*378. Arbor Coral trifoliata spinis et cortico nigris. 

*379. An Phaseolusmaritimus purgans, D. Pluk. Aim. 292, 1, Tab. 51? 
? Canavalia sp. 

380. Anagyris non foetens minor, C. B. P. Laburnum minus. Park. 

Cit. Cytisus Laburnum L., 739=Laburn\im auagyroides 
Med. (L K.). 

381. A. non foetida major vel Alpina, C. B. P. Anagyris non foetida 

sive Laburnum majus, Park. Cit. C. Laburnum L., 739 = 

L. anagyroides Med. (I. K.). 
*382. A. non foetida latifolia floribus densius congestis in breviorem 

uvam, Schol. Bot. 269. Pluk. Aim. A form with condensed 

inflorescence ; C. Laburnum L. = L. anagyroides Med. 

(L K.). 
*383. A. foetida, C. B. P. 391. Anagyris vera foetida, J. B. 1, 364. 

Anagyris, Dod. Pempt. 785. Anagyris foetida L. 
*384. A. trifolia angustis siliquis flore luteo, e Cod. Compt. Drawing 

only. 
*385. A. trifolia Africana siliquis angustis flore caeruleo, e Codice 

Compton. Drawing only. 

AEBOEES SILIQUOSAE TETEAPHYLLAE. 

*386. Arbor siliquifera Faginis foliis Americana floribus comosis, 
Pluk. Tab. 141. Spanish Oke. Cit. Mimosa fagifolia L., 516 = 
Inga fagifolia Willd., but the specimen is I. Bourgoni DC. 
(see No. 368). 

*887. Phaseolis accedens arbor Indica, P. B. P. 



AEBOEES SILIQUIFERAE 255 

ARBOEES SILIQUIFERAE POLTPHYLLAE SIVE FOLllS LOBATIS. 

*388. Arbor siliquosa Brasiliana, siliqua hispida, ferruginea, Cera- 
toniae facie, Breyn. Cent. 1, p. 26, Tab. 14. 

*389. Coral arbor polypbylla non epinosa, P. B. P. Hort. Reg. 
Hampt. 99. Phaseolis accedens arbor Coral polyphyllos 
foliis durioribus glabris non spinosa, Pluk. Aim. 293, Tab. 
214, 4. Forte Phaselus arbor siliquosa Juglandis folio Brasi- 
liana Lobo longissimo, Acaciae siliqua instar distincto, 
C. B. P. Lobus Brasilianus ingens Acaciae forma, J. B. 
? Piscidia Erytlxrina L. 

*390. C. arbor exotica non spinosa Laurifolia, Mus. Pet. 760. An 
Phaseolis accedens Malabarica alatis foliis glabris mono- 
spermos, siliqua lata brevi, Pluk. Aim. 294, Tab. 310, 3. 
Crista Pavonis monospermos 3, sive Arbor Vespertilionis 
maxima Indica, Juglandis folio majore, floribus spicatis albi- 
cantibus, odoratis, siliqua nonnihil falcata, semine renali 
latissimo, Breyn. Prod. 2. 39. Flowers and leaves of two 
different plants. The leaves appear to be Erythrina ovali- 
folia Roxb. 

391. Lignum Coral polyphyllum, D. Herman. 

*392. Corallinum Lignum. An Paradis. Bat. Prod. ? Pluk. Tab. 169, 1. 
Beaumont. 

*393. Small Mangroue. Barbados. 

*394. Cassia fistula Alexandrina, C. B. P. 403. H. Amst. p. 215. 
Cassia purgatrix, J. B. 1, 416. Cassia nigra, Dod. Pempt. 787. 
Cassia fistula vulgaris Acre luteo, Breyn. Pr. 2. Cassia solu- 
tiva vulgaris. Park. Cassia fistula OfBcinarum, Ger. Arbor 
Cassiam solutivam ferens, Bontii. Conna H. Mai. 1. 
Quauhayohuatli, Hernand. From India by the names of 
Quona chedde iSf Conee. Cassia Fistula L. 

*395. C. fistula Lauri splendentibus alatis foliis acumine productis 
isthmo interceptis, Pluk. Aim. p. 89. 2%e greatest Cassia 
fistula. C. Fistula L. 

*396. C. fistula e Cormandel. C. Fistula L, 

397. C. fistula Barbadiensis. Probably refers to C. Fistula L. 

*398. Tamarindus oflScinarum, Ger. Park. J. B. 1, 422. Rail Hist. 

Bontii. Hernand. Siliqua Arabica quae Tarmarindus, C. B. P. 

403. Tamarindus Dioscoridis appellata, Prosp. Alp. Sent 

from Fort S'. George ly IT. Edw. Bulkley 1706. Bonduch, 

Tamarindus indica L. 
399. T. Americana siliqua fere orbiculata monospermos, Pluk. Aim. 

p. 361, Tab. 64, 4 a. 
*400. T. Bisnagarica siliqua productiore dispennos, seminibus veluti 

isthmo interceptis, Pluk. Aim. p. 361, Tab. 64. 4. Albiz- 

zia sp. 



256 AEBORES ET FEUTICES 

*401. Carobe officinarum, Pania S*' Johannis Germanis et Belgisi 
Ceratonia, H. Leyd. Siliqua dulcis, C. B. P. Siliqua dulcis 
Bive vulgatior, Park. Siliqua arbor sive Ceratia, J. B. 
Ceratia siliqua sive Ceratonia, Ger. Ceratonia Siliqua L., 
1026. 

*402. Acacia gloriosa Lentisci folio spinosa, flora spicato luteo siliqua 
magna muricata, Pluk. Aim. p. 4, Tab. 2, 2. Inimboy Brasi- 
liens., Marograv. Bonduch, Zanoni. Homed or Horse Kneekers. 
e Madrasp. Cit. Caesalpinia Crista L., 380, Guilandina Bonduc 
L., ed. ii, 545 = Caesalpinia Bonduc Roxb. 
Another sheet is Capparis horrida L. f. 

*403. A. Orientalis gloriosa Coluteae foliis rachi medio ad genicula 
solummodo spinis gemellis aculeata, Pluk. Aim. p. 5. Ery- 
throxylum Indicum minus spinosum coluteae foliis, ailiquis 
angustioribus, flore ex luteo et rubro eleganter variegato, 
P. B. P. 1. Breyn Prod. 2, 37. Frutex Pavoninus ejusdem, 
Cent. 1. Caesalpinia puLclierrima Sw. 

*404. A. gloriosa spinis armata (cujus lignum Brasilea dictum) 
tinctoria, Pluk. Aim. p. 5. Crista Pavonis Coronillae folio 3, 
Breyn. Prod. 2. 37. Erythroxylum BrasiUanum spinosum 
foliis Acaciae, P. B. P. Santalum 5 vel Pseudo santalum 
rubrum sive Arbor Brasilia, C. B. P. Lignum Sapan. Brasil 
wood ? Caesalpinia sp. 

*405. A. gloriosa spinis vidua Lentisci folio, Pluk. Aim. p. 5. 

*406. Crista Pavonis siliquis membranaceis. Sent from Fort S*. George 
by ly. Edw. Bulkley 1705. Cassia aurieulata L. 
Another sheet, from D^. Richardson, is probably the same. 

*407. Acacia non spinosa Indiae Orientalis Coluteae foliis, floribus 
stamineis amplis, siliqua Crustacea placentae in modum 
colorata, Pluk. Mantiss. p. 2, Tab, 381. Albizzia Xiebbek 
Benth. 

Another sheet, Caut Wallee Malabarorum, Averry, is probably 
Cassia aurieulata L. 

*408. Tolabo Brasiliensium. ? Mezoneuron enneaphyllum W. & A, 

*409. Acacia Madraspatana spinosa Intsiae accedens cortice cinereo, 
ramulis com muni pediculo binis, Pluk. Aim. p. 4, Tab. 2, 1. 
Cit. Acacia cineraria Willd. Sp. PI. iv, 1057 = Prosopis spici- 
gera L., Mant. 1, 68, but the specimen appears to be Acacia 
conoinna DC. 

*410. A. Madraspatana spinosa pinnis veluti lunulatis acutioribus 
Myrti aemulis, nervo pinnularum ad unum latus, vergente, 
Pluk. 4, Tab. 122, 2. Cit. Mimosa Intsia L., 522 = Acacia 
caesia Wight & Am., but the specimens are probably 
Mimosa rubioaulis Lam. 

411. Altera laevior, D. Du Bois. 

412. Altera spinosa consimilis pinnis obtusioribus. 



ARBOEES SILIQUOSAE 257 

*413. Acacia tenuifolia Madraspatana spinis brevibus recurvis albi- 
cantibus cortice fnsco, Pluk. Aim. p. 4, Tab. 121, 6. ex India 
Orient. Acacia Sundra DC. 

*414. A. Madraspat. ramosior, spinosa, cortice cinereo, ramulia 
plerumque ex uno pediculo binis aculeis rectis bievioribua 
crassis, Pluk. Aim. 4, Tab. 121, 3. ex Lid. Orient. A. Sundra 
DC. 

415. A. altera Madraspat. pinnulis ex adverse albicantibus, Rutrash 
caudamba dicta. 

*416. A. Americana grandibus aculeis ad ramulorum exortum, comua 
bovina referentibus, siliqua rostrata, Pluk. Aim. p. 5, Tab. 
122, 1. Acacia Americana cornigera siliquis in spinam 
abeuntibus, P. B. P. Mimosa cornigera, L. = Acacia spliaero- 
ceph.ala Cham. & Sohlecbt. 

*417. A. Africana spinia candicantibus horrida subrotundis foliis 
odoratissima, Pluk. Tab. 123, 1. ? Acacia Senegal Willd. 

*418. A. flora albo non spinosa, caulibus rubentibus. 

*419. A. latifolia non spinosa alata, sive ala claudente flore luteo 
globoso. ?Albizzia sp. 

*420. A. Javanica non spinosa, foliis maximis splendentibus, Hort. 
Beaumont, Cadawang Indigenis dicta, Pluk. Aim. p. 6, 
Tab. 123, 3. 

*421. A. non spinosa Ind. Orient, villoso caule, lobo corticoso prae- 
grandi fusoo, Chatamaram Malabar, Pluk. Mantiss. 2, T. 330, 3. 
Albi2zia stipulata Boiv. 
Another sheet, from V. Richardson, is a species of Parkia. 

*422. A. non spinosa Jamaicensis, foliolis lata basi in metae formam 
fastigiatis, Pluk. Aim. p. 6, Tab. 251, 2 ? Mimosa arbo- 
rea L. 

'423. A. spinosa Indiae Orient, foliis subtus caesiis, floribus globosis, 
luteis, Pluk. Mantiss. p. 2, 3, Tab. 380, 1. Cit. Mimosa caesia 
L., 522 = Acacia caesia Wight & Am. (I. K.). 
Another sheet, Cheehana, is probably a species of Parkia. 

*424. A. Curassavica flore rubro, Hort. Reg. Hampt. 222. 

*425. A. Americana Abruae foliis triacanthos, sive ad axillas foliorum 
spina triplici donata, ex Surinam, Pluk. Mant. Bot. p. 1, 
plant. 7, Fig. Amalth. Tab. 352, fig. 1. Gleditsia (Gle- 
ditschia) triacanthos L. 

426. A. non spinosa minor e Quaracoa, sive Curassavica, flore albo 
globoso, Pluk. Aim. p. 6, Tab. 2, 3. 

*427. A. Africana Abruae foliis, aculeata, spinis longissimis, horrida, 
Pluk. Tab. 123, 2. Fragmentary specimen and a drawing. 
Cit. Acacia reticulata Willd. Sp. PI. iv, 1056. 

]!T4 S 



258 AEBORES ET FKTJTICES 

*428. A. Madraspatana minutissimis foliis aculeis ferocibus alternis, 
frondosa, cortice cinereo, Pluk. Tab. 121, 5. e Madrasp. Cit. 
Mimosa cinerea L., 520 = Dichrostaohys cinerea Wight & 
Am. 

*429. A. apinosa foliolis perexiguis veluti crispatis, Madraapat., Pluk. 
Tab. 78, 3. Ex Ind. Orient. Two sheets, probably Acacia 
eburnea Willd. 

*4B0. A. Aegyptiaca Fab., Col. Acacia foliis Scorpioidis Leguminosae, 
C. B. P. Acacia vera Bellonii, J. B. Coruvel. Acacia Egyptiaca. 
Seedling of Acacia arataioa Willd. 

*431. A. altera vera sive spina Mascatensis vel Arabica foliis 
angustioribus, flore albo, siliquis longis, villosis, pluribua 
isthmis, et cortice candicante donata, Pluk. Aim. p. 3, Tab. 
251, 1. Two sheets. Fruits of A. arabica Willd. 

*482. A. Americana spinosa floribus luteis siliquis membranaceis 
Hermanni. 

483. A. alt. Madrasp. foliis longioribus. Ovelly Maram. 

*434. A. Americana non spinosa, floribus luteis, siliquis membranaceis. 
Leaf impression only. 

*435. A. spinosa Indiae Orient, floribus aureis stamineis, Tamarisci 

Narbonensium more in spicam dispositis, Pluk. Mantiss, 

p. 1. 5, Tab. 829, 2. Wellnay cheddy. Probably Acacia 

planifrons W. & A. 

436. A. spinosa Madraspatensis. Sheca acherry. Pluk. Tab. 808, 3. 

487. A. alt. flore globoso magis sparse pediculo itidem longiore 
insidente, ex Ins. Di. Christopheri. 

438. A. ramosa longiore folio. Darby. 

439. An Acacia coluteae foliis ex Java, non spinosa siliquis longis- 

simis ? Hermanni. 

*440. A. aflBnis Virginiana spinosa, siliqua membranacea plana, 
floribus albis Papilionaceis in uvam propendentibus, Pluk. 
Aim. p. 6, Tab. 78, 4. Glycyrrhiza vel si mavis Glycyrrhizae 
aflSnis spinosa arborescens Mauritanica Laburni flore albo, 
Breyn. Pr. 2, p. 52. Acacia Americana Robini. Locus 
nostratibtis dicta. Kobinia Pseudo-Acacia L., 722. 

*441. A. aimilis non spinosa ramulis alternis, Madrasp., Pluk. T. 1, 5. 

Three sheets ex Ind. Orient. Tamarindus indica L. 
442. Gallegae affinis Malabarica arborescens siliquis majoribus arti- 
culatis, Commelin. in not. H. Mai. 

AEBORES PBUCTU MBMBEANACEO, SIVE ALA FOLIACEA DONATO, 
FOLIIS INTEGEIS. 

448. Acer majus latifolium foliis ex albo et viridi eleganter varie- 
gato, Pluk. Aim. 7. Hort. Edinb. ?A. Pseudo-Plataniis 
L. var. 



AEBOEES FEUCT0 MEMBEANACEO 259 

*444. A. majus folio rotundiore minusque laoiniato, Raii Hist. An 
Acer mont. flavum sive crispum, C. B. Acer sp. 

445. A. montanum flavum sive crispum, C. B. P. 

446. A. montanum tenuisaimis et acutis foliis, C. B. Aoeris majoria 

varietas, J. B. Acer montanum Platani Orientalis foliis 
atrovirentibus, Pluk. Aim. 7, Tab. 252, 1. Cit. A. Plata- 
noides L., 1055. 
*447. A. Virginianum folio majore aubtus argenteo, supra viridi 
splendente, Pluk. Tab, 2, 4. Acer florescens. Cit. A. ru- 
brum L., 1055. 

448. A. maximum foliia trifidia et quinquifidia Virginianiim, Pluk. 

Tab. 123. Negundo perperam credita, R. H. Cit. A. Negundo 
L., 1056 = NegTMido aceroides Moeneh. 

449. A. campestre et minus, C. B. P. 431. Acer vulgare minori folio, 

J. B. 1, 166. Acer minua, Dod. Pempt. 840. Cit. A. campestre 
L., 1055. 

450. Idem foliis eleganter variegatia. A. campestre L., var. 

*451. A. trifolia, C. B.P. 431. Acer Monepeliensium, Lugd., J. B. 1. 
167, Pluk. Tab. 251, 3. A. monspessulanum L., 1056. 

452. A. Barbadiense Laurinia foliis, fructu tergemino, totidem 

membranulis extantibus alato, Pluk. Tab. 3, 1. 

453. A. vel Paliuro aflSnis angusto oblongo Ligustri folio, flore tetra- 

petalo herbaceo, D. Sloan C. Plant. Jam. p. 138. Triopteris 
Indiae Orient, aive Arbuscula Amygdalae nanae foliis, dia- 
permos, siliqua Thlaspios Diosc. terms amplioribusextantibus 
alls donata, Waenella Ceylanensibus dicta, Pluk. Aim. p. 377. 
Verale cheddy. Cit. Triopteris jamaicenais L., 428. 

*454. An Aceria cognata Tiliae folio Benghalensis, fructu amplissimis 
membranulis circumoincto. Pluck. Mantiss. p. 3 ? Draco 
arbor Indica siliquosa Populi folio, Angsana vel Angaava 
Javanica, Hort. Amat. fol. 213. Draconia arboris fructua ex 
Cartbagine,Monardes apudClua. fol. 331. Gyrocarpua Jacquini 
Gaertn. = G. amerioanua Jacq. (I. K.). 

*455. Arbor tristis, Park. 1644. Arbor Malabar, folio Sambach 
Arabum, TtrpaKapiror, sive quadripartite fructu, quatuor 
foliaceis secundum longitudinem extantibus alia donato, Pluk. 
Tab. 263. 3 ? et ejusd. Tab. 83. 2. Pauregera melle cheddo ; 
et Paula muUee et Pawella mully. Sent from Bonibay by my 
hro. Danl. du Bois 1702, also from Fort St. George by my 
sister Mary du Bois 1703, Veraily Cheddy Sf Verale Chedde. 
1 Terminalia ap. 

456. Arbor e Cormandel vasculiferae, foliis amplis myrsinitea rigidio- 

ribus nostras, Raii Hist. Pluck. Tab. 13. 4. 

457. Carpinus sive Betulua, Park., Ger. Ostrya Ulmo aimilis fructu 

in umbilicia foliaceis, C. B. P. 427. Fagua aepium, vulgo 
Ostrys Theophrasti, J. B. 1, 146. Carpinus, Dod. Pempt. 841, 
e 2 



260 AEBORES ET FEUTICES 

Aoeris cognata, fol. oblongis serratis, rugosis, ad Ulmum 
accedentibus, PI. Aim. 7. Cit. Carpinus Betulua L., 998. 
*458. C. Virginiana florescens, Plub. Tab. 156, 1. Fagias florescens 
Virgmiana Carpini foliis, H. Beaumont. Flowering Beech. 
Ostrya virginiana K. Kooh = O. virginioa Willd. (I. K.). 

459. C. Zeylanica trifolia, Hampinna, Hermanni. MuUar connee, 

Malabarorum. 

460. Ulmus campestris et Theophrasti, C. B. P. 426. Ulmus vulgaris 

folio lato scabro, Ger. 1480. Ulmus vulgaris cum eamaris 
sive seminibus suis, Park. 1404. Ulmus, J. B. Cit. Ulmus 
campestris L., 225. 

461. U. vulgari accedens Batavica major. 

462. U. minor folii angusto scabro, Ger. 1481. Ulmus minor, 

Park. 1404. 

463. U. minor foliis argenteis. 

464. U. folio latissimo scabro, Ger. 1481. U. latiore folio, Park. 

1404. 

465. U. folio omnium latissimo scabro, seminibus amplioribus acu- 

minatis. 

466. Tilia folio minore, J. B. 187. Tilia foemina folio minors, 

C. B. P. 426. Tilia sylvestris, Trag. 1111. 

467. T. foliis molliter hirsutis, viminibus rubris, fructu tetragono, 

Raii Synops. 316. Tilia sylvatica nostras foliis amplis 
hirsutie pubescentibus, Pluk. Aim. 
*468. T. amplissimis glabris foliis, nostrati similis, e Terra Mariana, 
Pluk. Aim. Tilia am.ericana L., 514. 



AEBOEES FEUCTU MEMBEANACEO, FOLIIS ALATIS. 

469. Fraxinus vulgatior, J. B. 1, 174. Fraxinus excelsior, C. B. P. 

416. Fraxinus, Dod. Pempt. 833. Cit. rraxinus excelsior 
L., 1057. 

470. Eadem foliorum venis ex aureo variegatis. Fraxinus humilior, 

sive altera Theophrasti, minore et tenuiore folio, C. B. P. 416. 
Ornus, Lugd. 83. Cit. F. Omus L., 1057. 

471. Fraxinus tenuiori et minori folio. J. B. 1, 177. 

472. F. Americana florida, Raii Hist, et Hort. Reg. Par. Fraxinus 

florifera, botryoides, Mor. H. R. Bles. Frequens in Italia 
inter Pisas et Florentiam. Cit. r. Omus L., 1057. 
*473. Guajcum .Jamaicense Lentisci subrotundis foliis laete viren- 
tibus, flore albo, Pluk. Tab. 35. 3. Guajcum folio Lentisci, 
C. B. P. Guajcum ofEnarum, Dale 494. Guajacum sive 
Lignum sanctum. Park. Guajcum Americanum primum 
fructu Aceris, sive Legitimura, Breyn. 1. P. Guayacan, 
Hernand. Lignum vitae vulgd. Lignum ritae or Guaiacnm, 
ivhosefi-uit is yellowish, Guajacum o£Q.cinale /3 L., 382. 



AEBOEES LANIGEKAE 261 

*474. Guajcum Curassavicum Rusci foliis alatis, Packhout vulgo, Hort. 
Reg. Hampt. 148. Q. sanctum L., 382. 

ARBOEES LANIGEEAE NON JULIFEEAE. 

475. Platanus Orientalis pilulis amplioribus, Hort. Leyd. Platanus 

Orientalis vera, Park. 1427. Platanus, J. B. 1, 170. Dod. 
Pempt. 842. Cit. Platanus orientalis L., 999. 

476. P. inter Orientalem et Occidentalem media. 

477. P. Ocoidentalis aut Virginensie, Park. 1427. Cit. P. ocoi- 

dentaUs L., 999. 
*478. Pseudo Platanus Virginensis odorata pilulis majoribus tuberculis 
extantibus donatis. Acer od^ratum Virginianum, H. Leyd. 
Styrax arbor Virginiana Aoeris folio, H. Amst. p. 191. Honor 
Belli, C. B. Prod. Platanus Virginiana Styracem fundens, 
Raii Hist. Liquid-Ambari arbor, sive Styraoifera, Aceris 
folio, fructu tribuloide, Pluk. Tab. 42, 6. Liquidamliar 
styraoiflua L. 

479. Gossipium Indicum maximum foliis salicis fructu quinque- 

capsulari, Raii. Arbor Lanigera Bontii. Panja Panjola, 
H. Mai. P.B. P., H.R. H. 89. Probably refers to Bombax 
pentandrum L. =Erioderuiron anfractuosum DC.=E. pen- 
tandrum Kurz. 

AEBOEES JULIFEEAE ET LANIGEEAE. 

480. Populus nigra, C. B. P. 429. Populus nigra sive aiyetpos, J. B. 1, 

155. Dod. Pempt. 836. Cit. Popiaus nigra L., 1034. 
*481. P. albafolio minore, J. B. 1, 160. Populus alba minoribus foliis, 

Park. C. B. P. Populusalba, Dod. Pempt. Label in Dillenius' 

handwriting. Cit. P. alba L.,. 1034.; but tbe specimen is 

a form of P. tremula L. 
*482. P. alba majoribus foliis, C. B. P. 429. Populus alba, J. B. 1, 160. 

Label in Dillenius' hand. P. alba L. 

483. P. tremula, C. B, P. 429. Populus Lybica, xepTriy Tbeopbrast., 

J. B. 1, 163. Populus Lybica, Dod. Pempt. 836. Cit. P. tre- 
mula L., 1034. 

484. Salix latifolia rotunda, C. B. P. 474. Salix latifolia inferne 

birsuta, J. B. 1, 215. Salix caprea rotundifolia. Tab. icon. 
1038. Cit. Salix Caprea L., 1020. 

485. S. folio ex rotundo acuminato, C. B. P. 474. Salix caprea lati- 

folia, Tab. 1038. 

486. S. caprea longo et acuto folio. 

487. S. vulgaris alba arborescens, C. B. P. 473. Salix maxima 

fragiUs, alba, hirsuta, J. B. 1, 212. Salix arborea angustifolia 
alba vulgaris. Park. Cit. S. alba L., 1021. 

488. S. folio laureo sive lato glabro odorato, Raii. Cit. S. pen- 

tandra L., 1016, 



262 AEBOEES ET FBUTICES 

489. S. folio auriculato splendente flexilis, Raii. Salix folio Amygda- 

lino, utrinque virente aurito, C. B.P. 473. Salix spontanea 
fragilis, Amygdalino folio, auriculata et non auriculata, J.B. 
1, 214. Cit. S. triandra L., 1016. 

490. S. angustis et longissimis foliis crispis subtus albicantibus Raii, 

J.B. 1, 212. Salix oblongo incano folio, C. B. Prod. 159. 
Cit. 8. viminalis L., 1021. 

491. S. foliis tenuissimis angustis subtus albioantibu3, J. B. 

492. S. foliis longissimis crispis utrinque viridibus, viminibus rubris. 

An Salix vulgaris rubens, J. B. Salix rubra minime fragilis, 
folio longo angusto, C. B. P. ? Angustifolia purpurea sive 
nigra, Park ? '? S. piirpurea L. 

Salices quaedam reatant minores, quae quanquam ad sta- 
turam Arboris nunquam exporrectae sint ; ob congruentiam 
tamen nativam, debitamque proximitatem, et quae Frutices 
(quos jam pene attingimus) introducere baud inaptae sint, 
consortibus locum statuere potius quam disjungere aequum 
judicavimus. 

493. S. folio lato splendente fragilis, Raii. Salix fragilis, C. B. P. 474. 

Salix spontanea fragilis Amygdalino folio auriculato, J. B. 
Cit. S. fragilis L., 1017. 

494. S. bumilior foliis angustis' suboaeruleis, ex adverso binis, Raii. 

Cit. S. Helix L., 1017. 

495. S. minor Batavica foliis ex adverso binis suboaeruleis. 

496. S. pumila angustifolia prona parte cinerea, J. B. 1, 213. Salix 

pumila linifolia incana, C. B. P. 474. Salix pumila angusti- 
folia recta, Park. Chamaeitea sive Salix pumila, G er. 1 Clus. H . 

*497. S. pumila montana folio rotundo, J. B. Cit. S. reticulata L., 
1018 ; but the specimen is S. herbacea L. 

*498. S. Salviae foliis. An Salix foliis candicantibus utrinque lanu- 
ginosis, Tournefort? e Lusitania. S. salviaefolia Brot.= 
S. oleaefolia Vill. 

*499. S. humilis argentea. S. repens L., var. argentea (Sm.). 

FEUTICES. 

Frutices lignosa quoque constant substantia, per se sistentes, 
sed nee crassitudine nee altitudine Arboribus aequales, ut 
plurimum multicaules, sen ex plurimis stolonibus compositi, 
qui non meremii molem nee crassitiem acquirunt. In quorum 
dispositione, ductum Naturae et Arborum praeoedentium 
(quantum licuit) sequentes, observavimus. 
*500. Frutex Aethiopicus conifer fructu parvo, sparsim inter folia 
Rusci seminibus cylindraceis, Pluk. Tab. 297, 2. Cliffortia 
ruscifolia L. 1038. 



FRUTICES NUCIFEEI 263 

*501. Myrtus Brabanticae accedeua Africana conifera, Pluk. Tab. 
48. 8. Arbor Conifera odorata foliis salicis rigidis leviter 
serratia, R. H. 1800. Laurus odorata Barmudensium vulgo. 
et e Virginia, Chelsey. Myrioa carifera L. 

FBUTICES NXTCIFEEI. 

502. Nux vesicaria, Trag., Dod., Ger. Staphylodendron Matth. J. B. 

1, 274. Pistacia sylvestris, C. B. P. 401. Cit. Staphylea pia- 
nata L., 270. 

503. Staphylodendron Virginianum trifoliatum, Hort. Leyd. Tourne- 

fort. Piatacia Virginiana sylvestris trifolia, H. Reg. Bles. 
Cit. Staphylea trifoUa L., 270. 

504. Staphylodendron Africanum semper virena, foliis splendentibus, 

H. Amst. p. 187. Staphylodendron Africanum folio lucido, 
P. B. P., Pluk. Tab. 817, 5. Cit. Royena luoida L., 897. 

505. The Sinensium, sive Tsia Japonensibua, Breyn. Cent. 1. p. 111. 

Chaaherba in Japonia, C. B.P. 147. J.B. Tom. 8, c. 1, p. 5 
Cit. Thea sinensis L., 515 = Camellia Thea Link. 

FBUTICES PEUNIFERI. 

506. Amygdalus Indica nana, H. Reg. Par. Amygdalus pumila, 

H. R. B., Pluk. Tab. 11. 3. Amygdalus nana, Hunting Hist. 34. 
Cit. Amygdalus nana L., 473 = Pruinis nana Stokes. 

507. A. Persica nana flore cameo pleno Africana, Pluk. 11, 4. Per- 

sioa malus Africana nana flore incarnata pleno, Hort. Leyd. 

508. Cornus hortensis mas, C. B. P. 447. Cornus sativa sive domestica, 

J. B. 1. 210. Cornus, Clus. Hist. 12. Cit. Cornus mas ^ L. 
117. 

FRUTICES BACCIFEEI MONOPYRENI, FOLIIS DECIDOTS. 

509. C. foemina, C. B. P. 447. Lob. Icon. 169. Cornus foemina 

putata Virga sanguinea, J. B. 1, 274. C. sanguinea L., 117. 

510. Amomum Virginianum Euonymo Virginianae simile floribua et 

fructu aparsim erumpentibus, Pluk. Tab. 11, 2. Amomum 
Virginianum Comi foe. facie, R. H. 

*511. Cornus foemina Laurifolia, fructu nigro caeruleo, ossiculo com- 
presso, Virginiana. Cornus Americana sylvestris domesticae 
similis, bacca eaerulei coloris elegantissima, Pluk. Tab. 169, 8. 
Two sheets, Amomum Virginianum v. Pluk. Cornus Amo- 
mum Mill. 
512. C. foemina Americana serratis foliis. Black Haw. The latter 
is the American name for Viburnum prunifolium L. 

*513. C. mas Virginiana flosculis plurimis albidis ex involucro tetra- 
petalo rubro erumpentibus, Pluk. Aim. 120. Tab. 26, 3. 
C. florida L. 



264 ARBORES ET FRUTICES 

*514. C. mas Virginiana flosculis in corymbo digestis, a perianthio 
tetrapetalo albo radiatim oinctis, Pluk. Aim. 120. C. florida L. 

515. Viburnum Matth., Park. Viburnum vulgo, C. B. P. Lantana 

vulgo, aliia Viburnum, J. B. 1, 157. Cit. Vitournum Lan- 
tana L., 268. 

516. V. Americanum odoratum, Urtioae foliis latioribus, Lamii odore, 

spinosum, floribus miniatis, H. Amst. p. 151. P. B. P., Pluk. 
Tab. 233, 5. Camara tinga, Pis. Cit. Lantana Camara L., 
627. 

*517. V. Americanum non spinosum, Melissae foliis, floribus coccineis, 
P. B. P., Pluk. Tab. 114, 4. L. Camara L. 

*518. V. Cisti foeminae et salvias foliis mucronafcis Americanum 
odoratum minus floribus incarnatis, P. B. P. Flore cameo, 
Breyn. Prod. 1. Lantana sp. 

*519. V. salvias foliis obtusis floribus albis, P. B. P.. Pluk. Aim. p. 380. 
L. involucrata L. 

520. V. Americanum odoratum flore albo. 

521. Viburni facie Arbor Americana. Pidgeon wood, Barbadians. 

? Guettarda argentea Lam. 

522. Sambucus aquatica flore simplici, C. B. P. 456. Sambucus 

aquatica, J. B. 1, 552. Sambucus palustris et aquatica. Park. 
Opulus Ruelii, 281. Tourn. Cit. Viburnum Opulus L., 268. 

523. S, aquatica flore globoso pleno, C. B. P. 456. Sambucus rosea, 

J. B. 553. Sambucus rosea sive Aquatica. Lob. icon. 201. 
Cit. V. Opulus var. ^ rosea L., 268. 

524. Rhamnus Salicis folio angusto fructu flavescente, C. B. P. 477. 

Rhamnus sive Oleaster Germanicus, J. B., Cordi. Rhamnus 
2das Matth., Dod. Rhamnus primus Diosc, Adv. Lob., sive 
littoralis, Park. Cit. Hippophae Khamnoides L., 1024. 

*525. R. spinis albis flore candicante, C. B. P. 477. Rhamnus cortice 
albo Monspeliensium, J. B. Rhamnus primus, Matth. Hausegi 
sive Rhamnus primus, Rauwolf, Lycium europaeum L. 

*526. R. alter foliis salsis flore purpureo, C. B. P. 477. Rhamni 1, 
Clusii species altera, J. B. Park. Dillenius has written, This 
is not Clusius plant, hut ye African sort, gathered from ye Bishop 
of London Plants, which I call Bhamnus Capensis elatior i!y 
ferocior foliis angustis confertis. Ye same with Pluk. Tab. 322. 
f.2S^ 315. f. 5 & Peliv. Gaz. T. 72. f. 3. Lyoium afrum L. 

*527. R. Americanus Monspeliacae similis, flore et fructu majors, 
P. B. P., inter Addenda, H. Reg. Hampt. 265. 

*528. R. an potius Lycium, Fingrego Jamaicensibus dictum, Pluk. 
Tab. 108, 'i'i Ex Ind. Orient. Cit. Pisonia aculeata L., 
1026. 

529. R. Hispanicus Buxi folio. Tourn. El. Bot. 593, v. 



FEUTICES BACCIFEEI 265 

530. Laureola folio deciduo, sive Mezereon Germanicuni, J. B. 1, 566. 

Chamaelaea Germanioa. Dod. Pempt. 364, Trag., Lob. 
Laureola folio deciduo flora purpureo, C. B. P. 462. Piper 
montanum, Anguil. Gesn. Thymelaea Lauri folio deciduo, 
sive Laureola foeinina, Tourn. 595. Cit. Daphne Meze- 
reum L., 356. 

531. Eadem flore albido fructu flavescente, Pluk. Aim. Tourn. 595. 

532. Eadem foliis ex albo eleganter variegatis. 

533. Laureola foliis deciduis angustioribus sinuatis et veluti crispatis. 
*534. Thymelaea foliis Lini, C. B. P. 463. Thymelaea Monspeliaca, 

J.B.I, 591. Thymelaea, Clus. Hist. 87. Daphne GnidiumL., 
358. 
*535. T. foliis Polygalae glabris, C. B. P. 463. Sanamunda viridis vel 
glabra, Prod. 160. Sanamunda glabra, J. B. 1, 593. Thyme- 
laea Alpina glabra flosculis subluteis ad foliorum ortura sessi- 
libus, Pluk. Tab. 229, 2. Two sheets. D. Thymelaea L. 

*536. T. quaedam incana Genevensis, Rail ext. Thymelaea incana 
Mezerei folio et facie suculis ad modum fragilibus, Pluk. Tab. 
229. 3. D. alpina ^ L. 

*537. T. foliis Kali lanuginosis salsis, C. B. P. 463. Sanamunda 2», 
Clus. Hist. 88, J. B. 1. 595. To this sheet three specimens 
are attached ; one is Thymelaea tinctoria Endl. ; another, 
e Lusit. Tourn., is probably T. canescens Endl. ; the third 
specimen refers to No. 539 infra. 

538. T. an Cneoro albo affinis. C. B. 463, et Jaceae Oleae folio afiinis, 
Ejusd. C. B. 272. 

*5B9. T. tomentosa foliis sedi minoris, C. B. P. 463. Sanamunda 3, 
Clus. Hist. 89, J. B. 1, 195. Affixed to sheet 537. Passerina 
hirsuta L. 

*540. T. Africana Sauamundae facie, ericaefoliisangustissimis,P.B.P., 
Pluk. Tab. 228, 9. P. eriooides L. 

*541. T. foliis candicantibus serici instar moUibus, C. B. P. 463. 
Tartonraire Gallo-Provinciae Massiliensium, Lob. Icon. 371, 
Pluk. Tab. 318, 6. Tartonraire Massil. Sanamund. 1. Clus., 
J. B. 1, 593. Ouiwort or trouble belly. Thymelaea Tarton- 
raira All. 

*542. T. Cap. Bon. Spei Rorisimarini folio angustiore capite lanu- 
ginoso, Mus. Pet. 486. 

*543. T. capitata angusto salicis folio, Promnt. B. Spei, Pluk. Tab. 
229, 6. Aulax cneorifolia Knight. 

*544. T. capensis sericeis longioribus foliis acutis, caule geniculato 
piloso, Pluk. Tab. 229, 4. Forte Thym. Aethiop. Passerinae 
foliis Breyn Cent. 1. A. cneorifolia Knight. 

545. T. Sabaudica folio utrinque incano flore albo. Rail H. 1588. 

*546. T. capitata glauca flore cameo, e Smyrna, D. Sher. 



266 AEBOEES ET FEUTICES 

*547. T. Africana Rorismarini folio angustissimo breviore. Oldenland. 

Tourn. El. Bot. p. 594. 
*548. T. Capensis Nepae Theophrasti foliis aculeatis flore pawo pur- 

pureo, Pluk. Tab. 229, 5. 
*549, Sanamunda pumila Lusitanica. Viridar. Lusit. Tourn. 
550. T. affinis, Amsterdam. 
*551. Chamaelaea Alpina folio infeme incano, 2. C. B. P. 462. Chamae- 

laeae genus aliud, Clus. Hist. 87. Daphne oleoides Schreb. 
*552. Khus Coriaria, Dod. 779. Rhus, folio Ulmi, C. B. P. 414. Rhus 

sive Sumach, J. B. 1, 555. Khus Coriaria L. 
*553. R. Virginianum, C. B.P. App. 517. Cit. R. typhinum L., ed. ii, 

380 ; but the specimen is E. Copallinum L. 
*554. R. tenuifolia humilis Virginiana, Pluk. Aim. Rhus angusti- 

folium, C. B. P. in Prod, descript. 158. Cit. R. glabrum L. ; 

but the specimen is R. Copallinum L. 

*555. R. Virginianum ramis et stipitibus pullulantibus glabris, Cat. 
Banist. Rhus Canadensis fol. longiore utrinque glabro, Tourn. 
B. glabrum L. 

*556. R. Obsoniorum similis Americana Gummi candidum fundens, 
non serrata, foliorum raohi medio alata, Pluk. Tab. 56, 1. 
Rhus Virginianum Lentisci foliis, Banist. Cat. Virgin. E. Co- 
pallinum L. 

557. R. Virginianum Lentisci folio hirsutie Candida pubescente. 

*558. R. Obsoniorum similis Peruviana, serratis Fraxini pinnatis foliis, 
summa singulari pinna alas claudente longius exporrecta, 
Pluk. Aim. ? Eosvvellia serrata Roxb. 

559. R. Obsoniorum similis leptophylloB,tragodes Americana, spinosa, 
rachi medio appendicibus aucto, Pluk. Tab. 107, 4. Fingrego 
et sabina arbor (i. e) savin tree Barbadiensibus nostratibus 
dicta. Gale frutex Americana scolopendriae folio. Pet. 
Cent. 8. Cit. Fagara Tragodes L., ed. ii, 172. 

*560. R. Myrti folia Belgica, C. B. P. Myrtus Brabantica sive 
Eleagnus Cordi, Ger. Gale frutex odoratus septentrionalium, 
J. B. Myrioa Oale L. 

*561. Myrtus Brabanticae aifinis Americana foliorum laciniisAsplenii 
modo divisis, Julifera, simul et fructum ferens, Pluk. Tab. 100, 6. 
Forte Canambayo Brasiliens. Marchgr. M. asplenifolia L. 

*562. M. Brabanticae similis Caroliniensis, baccifera, fructu racemose 
sesseli monopyreno. Candle tree. Pluk. T. 48, 9. Tallow wood. 
Darby. M. cerifera L. 
563. Gale Capensis Ilicis coccigerae foliis, Mus. Pet. 774. Cit. 
M. cordifolia L., 1025. 

*564. Cotinus Matthioli, C. B. P. Cotinus coronaria, Dod. Pempt. 
780. Coccigria sive Cotinus putata, J. B. 1, 494. Ehus 
Cotinus L. 



FEUTICES BACCIFEKI 267 

*565. Vitex sive Agnus castus folio angusto, Park. Vitex foliis 
angustis cannabis modo dispositis, C. B. P. 475. Agnus folio 
non servato, J. B. 1, 205. Vitex Agnus Castus L. 

*566. V. sive Agnus minor foliis angustissimis, H. Reg. Par. V. Agnus 
Castus li., forma. 

*567. V. sive Agnus flore exalbidi, H. R. P. V. Agnus Castus L., 
flore albido. 

*568. V. latiore folio, C. B. P. 475. Agnus latiore folio serrate, 
J. B. 1, 205. V. Agnus Castus var. ,3 L. 

*569. V. Orientalis angustis foliis, semper tripartite divisis, Pluk. 
Tab. 321, 1. Nucheela Cheddy. V. Negundo L. 

570. Agni casti species foliis latioribus trifidis Madrasp. Mille addy, 

et Mila Larree ela. An Arbuscula Barbadiensium amplexi- 
caulis triphylla, Pluk. Tab. 145, 4 ? 

571. V. Afrioana trifoliata major foliis obtusis et incisis hirsutie 

pubescentibus. Rhus Africanum, &c., Pluk. Tab. 213, 7. Cit. 
Shus tomentosum L., 266. 

572. V. Africana trifoliata major foliis subtus argenteis acutis et 

margine incisis. Rhus Afric. &c. PL T. 219, 6. Cit. R. angusti- 
folium L., 267. 

573. V. Afrioana trifoliata major foliis angustis dentatis utrinque 

viridibus. Vitex trifolia minor Indica serrata, H. Amst. 

p. 179. Bemnosi, H. Mai. Tom. 2. Negunda mas, Acostae. 

Vitex Negundo L. 
*574. V. Africana trifoliata major felio subrotundo integre molli et 

incano. Rhus Africanum trifoliatum &c. Pluk. Tab. 219, 8. 

? Bhus parvifolia Harvey. 
*575. V. trifolia minor Indica rotundifolia, Breyn. Prod. 2, Fort. 

Amst. p. 181. Caranosi, H. Mai. Part. 2. Negunda foemina, 

Acostae. Rhus Africanum trifoliatum minus glabrum splen- 

dente folio subrotundo integro, Pluk. Tab. 219, 9. Cit. 

E. lucidum L. 

576. Viticis trifoliatae facie frutex Salawaccensis floribus juliformibus. 
Rhus trifoliatae facie &c. Mus. Pet. 678. Tatto-marram 
Indigenis. Pluk. Tab. 267, 4. Cit. R. Cobbe L., 267 = 
Allophylus Cobbe Blume. 

*577. Rhus Africanum trifoliatum majus foliis subtus argenteis acutis 
et margine incisis, Pluk. Tab. 219, 6. Two sheets ; one, with 
the above name only, is K. angustifolium L. The second 
sheet, labelled Vitex trifolia minor Indica serrata Bren. 
Prod. 2. Bem-nosi H. Mai. Part. 2, 'Negunda mas Acostae, 
Hart. Amst. Part 1. p. 179, with Plukenet's name also, is 
K. tomentosum L. 

578. Cassia Peetica Lobelii, Ger. Cassia Poetica Menspeliensium, 
Park. Cassia lignea Menspeliensium, J. B. Osyris frutescens 
bacoifera, C. B. P., Magnol. p. 54, Cassia quorundam, Clus. 
Hist. 91. 



268 AEBORES ET FRUTICES 

579. Arbusoula Zeylanica floribus umbellatis luteis fructu nigro cera- 

sino, Pluk. Tab. 276, 4. 
*580. Calabura alba, P. B. P., Pluk. Tab. 152, 4. Mespilus Americana 
Alni vel Coryli foliis fructu mucaginoso albo, H. Amst. p. 155. 
Cit. Muntingia Calabiira L. 

♦581. C. rubra foliis Laurinis, P. B. P., Pluk. Aim. p. 75. 

582. Baccifera Madraspatana Ribis more floribus muscosis Juli instar. 
Pet. Mus. 621, p. 56. Pullachy maram, D. Du Bois. Tsjeram- 
cottam, H. Mai. Tom. 5, Tab. 11. Cit. Antidesma alexiteria 
L., 1027. 

*583. B. chusanens. Ligustri facie. Act. Philoeopb. No. 286. Petiver's 
specimen. Dillenius has written, tton resxwndet descriptio. 

FRUTICES BACCIFEEI, MONOPYBENI SEMPER VIEENTES. 

*584. Phillyrea folio Ligustri, C. B. P. 476. Phillyrea latiusculo folio, 
J. B. 539. Pbillyrea 3S Clus. Hist. 52. Two sheets, forms of 
Phillyrea media L. 

585. P. folio leviter serrato, C. B. P. 476. Phillyrea folio Alaterni, 
J.B. 1, 541. Phillyrea 2\ Clus. Hist. 52. P. latifoUa 
L., 8. 

*586. P. latifolia spinosa, C. B. P. 476. Phillyrea folio Ilicis, J. B. 1. 
541. Clus. Hist. 1. 51. Two sheets ; one is P. latifolia L. ; 
the other sheet bears two forms of P. media L. 

*587. P. angustifolia 1% C.B.P. 470. Phillyrea angustifolia, J.B. 1, 
538. Phillyrea 4», Clus. Hist. 52. A specimen from Toume- 
fort e Lusitania. P. angustifolia ^ L. 

588. P. angustissimo folio Lusitanica, D. Petiver. ?P. angusti- 
folia /3 L. 

*589. Laurustinus Lusitanica caerulea bacca, Park. Viburnum 

Tinus L. 
*590. L. alter vel 2, Clus., Park. Laurus sylvestris foliis venosis, 

C. B. P. 461. Tinus altera, J. B. V. Tinus (3 L. 

591. Laurus sylvestris Corni foeminae foliis subhirsutis, C. B. P. 461. 
Laurustinus sive sylvestris prior, J. B. 1, 418. V. Tinus L. 

*592. Laurustinus Zeylanica glabra, Hermanni. Bacca preto, Lusitan., 
Denghas Indorum. Cit. (Danighas) Linn. PI. Zeyl. p. _ 82, 
Myrtus caryophyllata L. = Eugenia caryophyllaea Wight 
(I. K.) = E. oorymbosa Lam. 

*593. L. Madraspatanus trifoliatus, Petiver. Punanchidde Malaba- 

rorum. Eugenia sp. 
*594. L. Virginensis glaber, vulgari similis. Virginia, Viburnum 

nudum L. 

*595. L. Indica longiore folio lucido. Tuccal Chedde. D. Du Bois. 
Eugenia sp. 



FEUTICES BACCIFEEI 269 

596. Laureola semper virens flore luteolo, J. B. 1, 564. Laureola 

semper virens flore viridi, quibusdam Laureola mas, 0. B. P. 
462. Laureola, Dod. Pempt. 365. Thymelaea Laurifolia 
semper virens, sive Laureola mas, Tourn. Cifc. Daphne 
Laureola L., 357. 

597. Prutex baccifer e Cormandel Rorismarini obtusis et veluti 

punctatis foliis plurimis, ex uno tuberculo provenientibus, 
Pluk. Aim. p. 159, Tab. 31, 1. 15 Rail Hist. p. 1081. 

598. Arbuscula baccifera Canariensis Syringae caeruleae foliis, venis 

purpurantibus, fruotu monopyreno, Pluk. Aim. p. 42. Yerva 
mora Hispanorum. 

599. Arbor Sinensis Canellae foliis minoribus, trinervis prona parte 

villosis, fructu Caryophylli aromatici villis similiter obducto, 
ex Ins. Crooodilorum, Pluk. Amalth. p. 21, Tab. 372. 

TRUTICES BACCIFERI DIPYEENI. 

600. Ligustrum, J. B. 1, 528. Ligustrum Germanicum, C. B.P. 475. 

Phillyrea, Dod. Pempt. 775. Cit. Ligustrum vulgare L., 7. 

601. L. foliis ex luteo variegatis, Hort. Reg. Par. Ligustrum varie- 

gatum, Hunting Hist. 254. ?A variegated variety of 
L. vulgare L., 7. 
*602. L. Aegyptiacum, C. B. P. Ligustrum Indicum, Alcanna dictum, 
Bontii. Perhaps a cultivated specimen of Lawsonia inermis 
L., 349 = L. alba Lam. (L K.). 

603. Berberis dumetorum, C. B. P. 454. Berberis vulgo quae Oxya- 

cantha putata, J. B. 1, 52. Spina acida sive Oxyacantha, 
Ger., Dod. P. 750. Cit. Berberis vulgaris L., 331. 

604. Periclymenum rectum fructu rubro, Ger., J. B. 2. 106. Chamae- 

cerasus Alpina fructu rubro gemino, C. B. P. 451. Xylosteum, 
Dod. Pempt. 412. Cit. Lonicera Xylosteum L., 174. 

605. P. rectum Germanicum, Ger. Chamaecerasus dumetorum 

fructu gemini rubro, C. B.P, 451. Cit. L. Xylosteum L., 
174. 

606. P. rectum fructu caeruleo, J. B., Park., Ger. Chamaecerasus 

montana fructu singulari caeruleo, C. B. P. Cit. L. caerulea 

L., 174. 
*607. Onopliae species Bellonii, Hermanni. Three sheets, collected 

by Hermann in Ceylon. Two are GlooMdion sp. A third. 

Arbor Zeylanica vicem croci supplens. Welikaha, is Memeoylon 

edule Roxb. 
*608. Frutex baccifer Indicus trifoliatus spinosus, floribus spicatis, 

fructu piano rotundo bicocco, Raii Hist. Kaka Todalli, H. 

Mai. Tom. 5. p. 81. Pluk. Tab. 95, 5. Mulla Carunny. 

Three sheets. Paullinia asiatioa L. = Toddalia asiatica 

Lain. 



270 AEBOEES ET FEUTICES 



FRUTICES BACCIFEEI TRIPYRENI SEMPER VIRENTES. 

609. Chamaelaea tricoccos, C.B.P. 462, J. B. 1, 584. Chamaelaea, 

Dod. Pempt. 363. Cit. Cneorum tricoooon L., 34. 
*610. Sabina sterilig, Ger., J. B. Sabina vulgaris, Park. Sabina folio 

Tamarisci Diosc, C. B. P. Dillenius specimen. Cit. Juni- 

perus Sabina L., 1039. 
*611. S. folio Cupressi altera, C. B. P. Dillenius' specimen. Cit. 

J. Sabina o^ L., 1039. 
612. Alaternus sive Phylica elatior, C. B. P. 476. Alaternus 1, Clus. 

Hisp. p. 56. Spina Bourgi Monspeliensium, J. B. 1, 542. Cit. 

Ehaninus Alaternua L., 194. 
*613. A. forte sive Phylica foliis angustioribus et profundius serratis, 

Hoi-t. Ludg. R. Alaternus L. 
*614. A. aurea, sen foliis ex luteo variegatis, H. R. P., H. R. B. 

? R. Alaternus L., forma. 
615. A. argentea sive foliis ex albo variis, Pluk. Aim. ? B. Alaternus 

L., forma. 
*616. A. latifolia major limbis purpureis Africana, Pluk. Tab. 256. 

Fulham. Barren shoot, which suggests a broad-leaved variety 

of R. Alaternus L. 
*617. A. minima Buxi minoris folio, H. Reg. Par. 
*618. A. Hysicanensis Africana Lauri serratae odoratae stapelianae 

foliis, H. Beaumont, Pluk. Tab. 126, 1. Ceanothua africana 

L. = Ifoltea africana Reichb. 
*619. Alatemoides Africana Telephii legitimi Imperati folio flore 

viridi, H. Amst. Part 2, p. 3. 
*620. A. Africana ericae foliis, floribus albicantibus et musoosis, H. 

Amst. Part 2, p. 1. Cit. Phylica ericoides L,, 195, but the 

barren specimen does not appear to be this species. 

621. Buxus arborescens, C.B.P 471. Buxus, J.B. 1, 496. Cit. 

Buxus sempervirens L., 983. 

622. B. major foliis per limbum aureis, H. R. P. Aureus major, 

Munt. 

623. B. minor foliis ex luteo marmoratis. 

624. B. minor foliis ex aureo eleganter variegatis. 

*625. B. Africana rotundifolia serrata, P. B. P. Carbon impression. 

Cit. Myxsine africana L., 196. 
*626. Buxo affinis Emuyaca folio nigro, Act. Phil. No. 286, p. 1422. 

Pluk. T. 361, f. 2. Chus: 64, Petiver. ?Myrsine sp. 

*627. Erica baccifera Matth., J.B. 1, 526. Erica baccifera pro- 
cumbens nigra, C.B.P. 486. An Erica Coris folio, 11 Clus. 
Hist. 45. Empetrum nigrum L., 1022. 

*628. B. erecta baccifera, C. B.P. 7 Clus. Hisp. 117. ? Erica sp. 



FRUTICES BACCIFEEI 271 

*629. E. erecta baccis candidis, C. B. P. 486. Erica baccifera Lusi- 
tanica, J. B. 1. 528. Camarinna Lusitanica erecta, Mua. Pet. 
573. Empetrum Lusitanicum fructu albo, Tourn. El, Bot. 450, 
J. R. H. 579. Tournefort i Lusit. Empetrum album L. = 
Corema album D. Don. 
630. E. Coris folio x, Clus. Hist. p. 45. Two distinct plants on the 
same sheet. One, Simocheilus glabellas Benth. ; the other, 
Fasserina filiformis L. 



PEUTICES BACCIPERI TEIPYEENI FOLIIS DECIDUIS. 

631. Sambucus vulgaris, J. B. 1, 544. Sambucus fructu in umbella 

nigro, C.B.P. 456. Sambucus, Dod. Pempt. 843. Cit. Sam- 
tauous nigra L., 269. 

632. S. fructu albo. Park., Lob. Icon. 162. Sambucus fructu in 

umbella viridi, C. B. P. 456. Sambucus acinis albis, J. B. Cit. 
S. nigra var. L., 270. 

633. S. humilior foliis variegatis, H. Edinb. 

*634. S. racemosa rubra, C. B. P. 456. Sambucus racemosa acinis 
rubris, J. B. 1, 551. Sambucus montana racemosa. Lob. Icon. 
163. S. racemosa L. 

635. S. laoiniato folio, C.B.P. 456. Sambucus laciniata, J. B. 1, 549. 

Sambucus lacinioso folio, Dod. Pempt. 845. Cit. S. nigra 
var. y laciniata L., 270. 

636. S. sero florens. 

*637. Lyoium Buxi folio, C. B. P. 478. Lycium Buxi foliis rotundio- 

ribus Syriacum vel Persicum, Breyn. Prod. 2. Lycium 

Italicum Bodaei a Stapel, Pluk. Tab. 96, 6. 
*638. L. minus cordatis Buxi foliis Madraspatan., Pluk. Tab. 97, 7. 

Ex Ind. Orient. 
*639. L. cordatis foliis magis ramosum spinis rectis e Madraspatan., 

Pluk. Tab. 201, 7. 
640. L. Myrti foliis subrotundis Americanum laotescens, limbis 

foliorum argenteis, Pluk. Tab. 97, 7. 
*641. L. subrotundis foliis Malabaricum spinis brevibus, crassis, 

recurvis, ex uno versu conjugatis armatum, Pluk. Tab. 305. 5. 

Sent from Fort St. George hy these names, ChirguUa, Sirrucullar. 

Pluk. Phyt. t. 305 f. i. potius T. 55, 6. Carissa sp. 
*642. L. Madraspatanum Vitis Idaea foliis acutis. Ex Ind. Orient. 
*643. L. Madraspatanum Indici Alpino putati aemulum foliis minori- 

bus bijugis, et grandioribus aculeis horridum, Pluk. Tab. 97, 2. 

Ex Ind. Orient. Gmelina asiatica L. 

644. L. Madraspatanum Indici Alpino putati aemulum, bijugis et 

gracilioribus aculeis horridum, Pluk. Tab. 202, 2. 

645. L. Bisnagaricum acuminatis minus durioribus foliis, et aculeis 

ex opposite binis, Pluk. Tab. 97, 3. 



272 AEB0RE3 ET FEUTICES 

*646. L. majus Americanum Jasmini floie, foliis subrotundis lucidis, 
Pluk. Tab. 97, 6. Cit. Randia mitis L., 1192. 
647. L. Madraspatanum Pyri foliis non serratis altemia. 

*648. L. PortoricenBe Buxi foliis angustioribus, Pluk. Tab. 202, 3. 
Berberidis facie arbuscula Americana spinosa foliis Lycii non- 
nihil similibus, P. B. P. 

649. L. Curassavicum folio subrotundo, Cabba de Caballo vulgo, 

P. B. P. Hort. Reg. Hampt. 120. 

650. L. putatum Indiae Orientalis Capparis rotundioribus foliis et 

aculeis ex adverse gemellis, Pluk. Tab. 97, 4. 

651. L. Africanum Betulae foliis. 

652. Paliurus Jujubinis foliis fructu petasoide, Pluk. Aim. p. 275. 

Ebamnus sive Paliurus folio Jujubino, J. B. 1, 35. Rbamnus 
folio subrotundo fructu compresso, C. B. P. 479. Paliurus, 
Dod. Pempt. 756. Cit. Rhamnus Paliurus L., 194. 
*653. Jangomas sive Paliurus Aegyptiaoa, P. Alp. v. Bont. p. 111. 
Pro aliis hujus generis v. inter lignos. innominat. Three 
sheets; two are Zizyphus sp., the third is Paliurus sp. 

654. Arbuscula trifolia spinosa fructu miniate tricocco sapore 

Piperis, Hermanni. Kudhumeris. 

FEUTICES BACCIFEEI TETEAPTEENI. 

655. Euonymus vulgaris. Park., Dod. Pempt. 783. Euonymus vulgaris 

granis rubentibus, C. B. P. 428. Euonymus Theophrasti, Ger. 

Euonymus multis, aliis tetragonia, J. B. 1, 201. Cit. 

Euonymus europaeus var. tenuifolius L., 197. 
*656. E. latifolius, C. B. P. 428. Euonymus latifolia, J. B. 1, 202. 

Clus., Ger., Park. E. latifolius Miller. 
*657. E. Virginiana Pyracanthae foliis, semper virens, capsula verru- 

carum instar asperata rubente, Pluk. Tab. 115, 5. E. ameri- 

canus L. 
*658. E. Virginiana rotundifolia capitulis coccineis eleganter bullatis, 

D. Banist., Pluk. Tab. 28, 5. Grewia sp. 
*659. E. Africana folio luoido, laurino, serrato, Hermanni. Cela- 

strus sp. 
*660. E. Canellae albae foliis e Madraspatan, Pluk. Tab. 88, 5. 

Celastrus sp. 
*661. Euonymo adfinis Aethiopica semper virens fructu globoso scabro, 

foliis Salicis rigidis serratis, H. Leyd. Lauro serratae odoratae 

Stapelianae similis inodora, Cap. Bon. Spei, Breyn. Prod. 1. 

Kiggelaria africaua L. 
662. Arbor Americana quinque-nervia, comantibus flosculis foliis 

amplissimis glabris prona parte albicantibus, Pluk. Aim. 

p. 40, Tab. 264, 4. Christophoriana Americana Malabathri 

foliis acuminatis, nervosis, dentata, Ejusd. Tab. 159, 1. 

Nettletree, Barbadiens. An Euonymus Novae Belgiae Corni 



FRUTICES BACCIFEEI 273 

foeminae foliis, H. Amst. p. 167? Cit. Hort. ClifiF. 162; 
Melastoma Acinodendron L., 389 = Miconia Aoinodendron 
Sweet. 

663. Ulmi facie Arbuscula Aethiopica ramulis alatis floribus pur- 
purascentibus, H. Amst. p. 165. Ulmi folio arbor Afrioana 
baccifera flora purpureo, Pluk. Tab. 287. 1. 



FRUTICES BACCIFERI POLYPYRENI, SEMPER VIRENTES. 

664. Myrtus communis Italica, C. B. P. 468. Myrtus vulgaris syl- 

vestris, J. B. 1, 510. Cit. Myrtus communis L., 471. 

665. M. latifolia Boetica 1», vel foliis Laurinis, C. B. P. 469. Myrtus 

Boetica latifolia domestica, J. B. 1, 511. Clus. Hist. 65. Cit. 

M. communis var. /3 baetica L., 471. 
*666. M. foliis odore Nucis moscatae, cauliculis rubentibus, NTilgo 

odore Citri, Hermanni, H. Leyd. 434. M. communis L. 
*667. M. Balsamica folio Mali Granatae, H. Leyd. M. communis L. 
*668. M. flore pleno, Cornuti. M. communis Tu., fore plena. 
*669. M. Aurantiae foliis dense stipatis, Pluk. Aim. p. 249. Myrtus 

Boetica latifolia exotica, Clus. Hist. 69. Myrtus latifolia 

Boetica 2^ vel foliis latis confertim nascentibus, C. B.P. 469. 

Myrti Boeticae latifoliae secundum genus, J. B. Tom. 1. 

Eugenia sp. 
670. M. latifolia Belgica, C. B. P. 469. Myrtus latifol. Belgioa forte 

Romana, J. B. 1, 512. Myrtus latifolia vulgaris, Park. 1452. 

Myrtus oommunis var. ?; belgioa L. 
•671. M. Tarentina, Matthioli. ?M. tarentina Mill, (see No. 676). 
*672. M. Curassavica foliis Laurinis lucidis flore pleno, Par. Bat. 

Prod. 
673. M. latifolia acuminata, apicibus foliorum contortis. 
*674. M. minor rotnndiore folio, Park. 1454. Myrtus foliis Buxi, 

Scbuyl. 49, H. Leyd. 
*675, M. platycaulos foliis confertis multiscissis, s. in plurimos 

ramulos divaricatis, Pluk. Aim. 259. The Birds Nest Myrtle. 
*676. M. minor vulgaris, C. B. P. 469. Lob. Icon. 127. Myrtus 

Tarentina, Clus. Hist., J. B. 1, 512. Myrtus minor acuto folio, 

Park. Cit. M. communis var. y tarentina L., 471 = M. taren- 
tina Mill. 
*677. M. Lusitanica erecta minor acuto folio cortice albicante. 

M. communis L. 
*678. M. foliis minimis et mucronatis, C. B. P. Myrtus Rorismarini 

foliis, Florent. Schuyl., H. Leyd. 49. Myrtus angustifol. 

minor J. B. M. communis var. S muoronata L., 471. 
*679. M. Americana graveolens, Hort. Reg. Hampt. 
*680. M. latifolia obtusa, e Vera Cruce, Hort. Reg. Hampt. 87. 

1274 1 



274 ARBORES ET FRUTICKS 

681. Phyllanthos Americana angustiore et longiori folio, ramosa 

caulescens, Pluk. Tab. 247. ? Pliyllantlius Epiphyllan- 
thus L. 

682. Pyracantha quibusdam, J. B. 1, 51. Oxyacantha Dioacoridis 

sive Spina acuta Pyri folio, C. B. P. 454. Rhamnus 3 Dios- 
coridis, Lob. Icon. 182. Mespilua aculeata Amygdali folio, 
Tourn. Cit. Mespilus Pyracantha L., 478 = Crataegus Pyra- 
cantha Medic. 

683. Vaccinia nigra vulgaris, Park. Vitia Idaea foliis oblongis 

crenatis, C. B. P. fructu nigricante, p. 470. Vitia Idaea folio 
anguloso, J. B. Cit. Vacoinium Myrtillus L., 349. 

*684. Vitis Idaea foliis subrotundis exalbidis, C. B. P. 470. A'^itis Idaea 
magna quibusdam, sive Myrtillus grandis, J. B. 1. 518 
V. lUiglnosum L. 

*685. V. Idaea foUis carnosis et veluti punctatis, sive Idaea radix 
Diosc, C. B. P. Radix Idaea putata, et Uva ursi, J. B. Uva 
ursi Galeni Clusio, Park. Cit. Arbutus Uva ursi L., 825 = 
Arctostaphylos Uva Ursi Spreng. ; but the specimen is 
V. Vitis idaea L. 

*686. V. Idaea semper virens fructu rubro, J. B. Vitia Idaea foliis 
subrotundia non crenatis, baccis rubris, C. B. P. Vaccinia 
rubra Buxeia foliis, Park. V. Vitis idaea L. 

*687. V. Idaea foliis et facie Unedonia flora Americana, Pluk. T. 236, 8. 
Spanish Gooaberryes. Andromeda Mariana L.=Pleris Ma- 
riana (L.) B. & H. 

'688. V. Idaea palustria, C. B. P. Vaccinium palustre. Park. Oxy- 
coccus sive Vaccinia palustris, J. B. 1, 227. Vaccinium Oxy- 
coccua L. = OxycooouB quadripetala Gilib. 

*689. V. Turcica Buxeis foliia oblongis, fructu ex albo rubescente. 
A drawing. 

*690. V. Africana foliia decussatis cordiformibua, Mus. Pet. 692. 

Petiver's specimen. 
*691. Vitis Idaea sive Myrtillus Indiae Orientalis subrotundo folio, 

non crenato, Pluck. Aim. p. 391, Tab. 321. 
*692. V. Idaea Aethiopica, Buxi minoris folio, floribus albis, Hort. 

Amst. Part 1, p. 125. Eoyena glabra L. 

693. V. Idaea Aethiopica Myrti Tarentinae folio, flora atropurpureo, 

H. Amst. Part 2, p. 123. 

694. Polygala arborea Myrti folio Cap. Bon. Spei, floribus albis, intus 

purpureia, H. Amst. Part 1, p. 87. 

FRUTICES BACCIFEKI POLYPYRENI, FOLIIS DECIDUIS. 

695. Rhamnus catharticus, C. B. P. 478, J. B. 1, 55. Rhamnus solu- 

tivus, Dod. Pempt. 7, 56. Cit. Khamnus catharticus L., 
193. 



PEUTICES BACCIFEEI 275 

'696. R. catharticus minor, C. B. P. 478. Lycium Gallicum, ejued. 

J. B. 1, 58. Spina infectoria pumila, 1. Clus. Hist. 111. 
*697. Rosa Damascena simplex. Bosa damasoena Mill. 
*698. R. versicolor. C. B. P. 481. Rosa Praenestina alba et versicolor, 

J. B. 2, 37. Rosa versicolor, Clus. Hist. 114. York and 

Lancaster Rose. Cit. R. gallica var. ^ versicolor L., ed. ii, 704. 

? R. damascena Mill. ? 

*699. R. Damascena variegata. J. Mea Flor. Mrs. Harfs Rose. 
Double. R. damascena Mill. 

*700. R. cristallina. ? E. damasoena Mill. 

*701. R. maxima multiplex, C. B. P. 481. Rosa Provincialis sive 
Hollandica Damascena, Park. Rosa Hollandica rubella, plena, 
quibu=dam Centifolia spinoso frutice, J. B. 2, 37. Rosacenti- 
folia Batavica, Clus. Hist. 113. K. gallica L. 

*702. R. Provincialis rubra, Park. Rosa purpurea, C. B. P. 481. Rosa 
Provincialis major. Tab. icon. 1084. Rosa rubello flore 
majore, multiplicato, sive pleno, incamata vulgo, J. B. 2, 36. 
? R. damascena Mill. 
703. R. rubra Anglica. 

*704. R. rubro et albo variegata, Rosa Mundi vulgo dicta, Raii H. 
Rosa Anglica versicolor, Passaei. R. gallica L. 

*705. R. holoserica simplex, Lob., Park. Rosa aaturatius rubens, 
C. B. P. 481. Rosa purpurea sive in rubro nigricans. Cam. 
Hort. Rubra pallidior C. B. ?, et multiplex ejusdem. R. holo- 
sericea multiplex, Park., Raii Hist. p. 1469. R. gallica L. 

706. R. holoserica multiplex (see No. 705). 

*707. R centifolia alba, sive Provincialis alba. R. alba L. 

*708. R. marmorea. R. gallica L. 

709. R. Francofurtensis, Park. Par. Rosa inapertis floribus alabastro 

crasaiore, H. Reg. Par. 

710. R. flore albo pleno, Eyst. Cit. R. alba var. /3 L., 492. 

711. R. alba vulgaris major, C. B. P. 482. Rosa Candida plena et 

semiplena, J. B. 2, 44. Rosa alba. Tab. icon. 1086. Cit. 
R. alba L., 492. 
*712. R. alba minor, C. B.P. 482. Rosa lacteola, J.B. 2, 45. Rosa 
lacteola quae centifolia Plinii videtur, Eyat. R. damascena 
Mill. 

713. R. odore Cinamomi simplex, C. B. P. 483. Rosa cinnamomaea 

floribus subrubentibus, spinosa, .7. B. 2, 39. Cit. R. cinna- 
momea L., ed. ii, 703. 

714. R. odore Cinnamomi flore pleno, C. B. P. 483. Rosa minor 

rubello multiplicato flore, asperis spinis armata, J. B. 2, 38. 
Rosa cinnamomaea pleno flore, Clus. Hist. 115. 

715. R. moscbata alba multiplex. 

T 2 



276 ARBOEES ET FRUTICES 

*716. R. sylvestris Pomifera major, C. B.P. 484. Rosa porno spinoso, 
folio hirsuto, J.B. 2, 38. Cit. R. villosa L., 491, but the 
specimen is B. pomifera Herrm. 

*717. R. sylvestris maxima, foliis infra glaucis, supeme viridibus 
laevibus, D. Sher. Rosa floribus umbellatim congestis amplio- 
ribus, ex Agro Huntington., D. Crisp. Kosa sp. ? ' C'est 
une Rose cultivee ', Crepin. 

718. R. sylvestris Virginensis, Park. Rosa parvo rubello flore foliis 

lucentibus, Hort. Edinb. 

719. R. sylvestris inodora sive Canina, Park. Rosa sylvestris vulgaris, 

ilore odorato incarnato, C. B. P. 483. Rosa sylvestris alba 
cum rubore, folio glabro, J. B. 2, 43. Cit. K. canina L., 491. 

*720. R. canina humilior flore albo fructu rotundiore, D. Plot. H. Ox. 
Rosa sylvestris altera flore albo nostras, Raii. Rosa sylvest. 
folio glabro, flore plane albo, J. B. K. arvensis Huds. 

*721. R. sylvestris foliis odoratis, C. B. P. 483. Rosa foliis odoratis 
eglantina dicta, J.B. 2, 41. R. eglanteria L., 491. 

722. Rosa lutea multiplex, C. B. P. 483. Rosa lutea flore pleno, 

J B. 2, 48. Rosa flava plena, Clus. Hist. 114. Cit. R. sul- 
phurea Ait., Hort. Kew. ed. i, II, 201 (=R. hemisphaerica 
Herrm., I. K.). 

723. R. pumila spinosissima, foliis Pimpinellae glabris, flore albo, 

J. B. 2, 40. Rosa campestris spinosissima flore albo odoro, 
C. B. P. 483. 

*724. R. Ciphiana, Sibbaldi. Rosa Pimpinella minor Scotica, floribus 
ex albo et cameo eleganter variegatis, Pluk. Aim. K. pimpi- 
nellifolia L., var. ciphiana (Sibb.). 

725. R. forte Chusan Trichomanis folio, Mus. Pet. 969. 

726. Grossularia spinosa sativa, C. B. P. 445. Grossularia majore 

fmctu, Clus. Hist. 120. Cit. Hort. Cliff., Ribes Grossu- 
laria ii, 

*727. G. Zeylanica fructu albo non spinosa, Hermanni. Hankirilla. 
Antidesma Ghesaembilla Gaertn. 

728. Ribes vulgaris fructu rubro, Ger. Grossularia vulgaris acidus 

ruber, J. B. 2, 97. Ribes fructu rubro. Park. Grossularia 
multiplici acino, sive non spinosa hortensis rubra, sive Ribes 
ofiScinarum, C. B. P. 5, 455. Ribesium fructu rubro, Dod. 
Pempt. 749. Cit. Ribes rubrum L., 200. 

729. R. fructu rubro majore, Park. Grossularia hortensis majore 

fructu rubro, 6. C. B.P. 455. Ribes major fructu rubro, Byst. 

730. R. fructu albo, Park,, Eyst. Ribes vulgaris fructu albo, Ger., 

Clus. Hist. Grossularia hortensis fructu margaritae similis, 
12, C. B. P. 455. Cit. B. rubrum L., var. ^. 200. 

731. R. fructu nigro, Dod. Ribes vulgaris nigro fructu, Clus. Hist. 

Ribes nigrum vulgo dictum, folio olente, J.B. 2, 48. Grossu- 



FEUTICES BACCIFERI 277 

laria non spinosa fruotu nigro, C. B. P. 11, 455. Cit. R. ni- 
grum L., 201. 
732. R. Alpinus dulcis, J. B. 2, 98. Ribes vulgaris fructu dulci, Clus. 
Hist. 120, C. B. P. 9, 455. Cit. K. alpinum L., 200. 
*733. Mespilus humilis subrotundis serratis foliis superne glabris et 
nervosis, subtus lanugine tectis, Pluk. Aim. Cotonaster folio 
oblODgo serrato, C. B. P. 472. Cotonaster forte Gesneri, Clus. 
Hist. 63. Chamaemespilus, J, B. 1, 72. Two sheets. Mespilus 
Chamae Mespilus L.=Pyrus Chamaemespilus Ehrb. 

734. M. folio rotundiore fruotu nigro subdulci, Tourn. 642. AIni 

effigie lanato folio minor, C. B. P. 452. Vitis Idaea S^, Clus. 
Hist. The latter name is cited Mespilus Amelanchier L. 478= 
Amelanchier vulgaris Moench. 

735. M. folio subrotundo fructu rubro, Tourn. 642. Cotonaster folio 

rotundo non serrato, C. B. P. 452. Cotonaster, J. B. 1, 73. 
Cit. Mespilus Cofconeaster L. 479=Cotoneaster integerrima 
Med. 
*736. Amelanchier Chusanensis folio parvo subrotundo rigido, Mus. 
Pet. 85, 7. This with many other very rare plants Mr. James 
Cuninghame sent me lately from Chtisan, an Island near China. 
Petiver. ? Loropetalum cMnense Oliv. 

TEUTICES BACCIFERI INCEETAE SEDIS. 

*737. Baccifera Chusan : raeemosa Arbuti folio. Petiver, Mus. nosf. 

877. 
*738. B. Madraspatana Myrti Laureae foliis perforatis, sed vix con- 

spicuis, Mus. Pet. 361. Velle Congee. Coddel Coongy. Mus. 

Pet. n. 361. 
*739. Coccifera Emuyaca Chamaenerii folio marginibus crispis, Act. 

Philos. 286, p. 1423. Pet. 68. From Petiver. Ardisia 

crenata Roxb. 
*740. C. Madraspatana calyce magno staphylodendri Africani folio, 

Mus. Pet. 376. Sent from Fort St. George hy Dr. Edw. Bulkley 

1702. Vacunny. Diospyros chloroxylon Roxb. 

741. Arbor Americana baccifera Myrtifolia viminalibus virgis, sive 

Flagellifera major, Pluk. Tab. 139, 6, Aim. p. 46. 

Prutices Leguminosi, Ploribus Papilionaceis, sunt vel 
Trifoliati, vel Poliis Alatis. 

FEUTICES LEGUMINOSI TEIFOLIATI. 

742. Genista vulgaris et scoparia. Park. Genista angulosa et scoparia, 

C. B. P. 395. Genista angulosa trifolia, J. B. 1, 388. Genista, 
Dod. Pempt. 761. Cytiso-genista scoparia vulgaris flore luteo, 
Tourn. El. Bot., I. R. H. 649. Cit. Spartium scoparium 
L., 709=Cytisus scoparius Link. 



278 ABBOBES ET FEUTICES 

743. Cytiso-genista scoparia vulgaris flore albo, Toum. El. Bot., 
I. R. fl. 16. 

*744. Genista Canarioa trifolia hirsutior et elatior, floribus minoribus, 
odoratis. Cy tisus Canariensis inicrophyllos, cauliculis villosis, 
angustis viridibus foliis, Pluk. Aim. Tab. 277, 5. Cit. Genista 
canariensis var. /3 L., 709. Probably C. canariensis Steud. 

'*745. G. Bcoparia flora amplo, siliqua tomentosa, D. Toumefort e 
Lusitania. Siliqua lata est et valde pilosa. No flowers or 
fruits, but the specimen and the description suggest Saro- 
thamnus Welwitsohii B. & R. = C. Welwitschu (B. & R.). 

* 746. G. alba, Tab. Spartium Hispanicum flore candido, J. B. 1, 398. 
Spartium 8 flore albo, C. B. P. 396. Spartium 3 Hispanicum, 
Clus. Hist. 103. D. Tourn. C. albus Link. 
747. G. Hispanica, Ger. Genista juncea, J. B. 1, 395. Spartium 
Hispanicum Irutex vulgare, Park. Spartium arborescena 
seminibus Lenti similibus, C. B. P. 396. Spartium Dioscoro- 
daeum Narbonense et Hispanicum, Lob. Icon. 91. Cit. 
Spartium junoeiun L. 708. 

*748. G. Hispanica minor flore luteo, Park. 

749. G. vitioulis tenuibus flore luteo minore, ex Smyrna, D. Sher. 

750. G. sive Spartium Hispanicum lobis rotundiusculis flore luteo, 

J. B. 1, 397. Spartium alterum monospermum, semine reni 
simile, C. B. P. 396. Hispanicum minus monospermum, flore 
luteo, Park. Cit. Spartiiun monospermum L., 708. 

751. G. sive Spartium purgans, J. B. 1, 404. S. purgans L. 

*752. G. argentea Cretica, Zanon. Genista tinctoria Clus. Lugd. 
Two sheets. Anthyllis Hermaaiae L. 

*753. G. humilis argentea flore albo, ex Smyrna, D. Sher. G-eniata 
sp. Near G. Millii Heldr. teste N. E. Brown. 

*754. G. sericea Petiveri, a D. Du Bois. 

*755. G. radiata sive stellaris, J. B. 1, 399. Genista Spartium tri- 
phyllum, C. B. P. Chamaespartium montanum triphyllum. 
Park. Spartium radiatum L. = G. radiata Scop. 

*766. G. tinctoria, Clus. Lugd. Pseudo spartium Hispan. P. 231. 

G. germanica L. 
757. G. similis frutex foliis caesiis triphyllos, P. B. P., Pluk. Tab. 
185,3. 

*758. G. folio Mali Cotoneae minor. A carbon impression. 

*759. G. Africana foliis Abrotoni inoanis floribus caeruleis, Pluk. Tab. 
297, 5. Psoralea pinnata L. 

*760. G. Africana arborescens folio Plantaginis, Oldenl. 

*761. Genistella tinctoria, Ger. Genista tinctoria vulgaris. Park. 
Genista tinctoria Germanica, C.B.P. 395. Tinotorius floa, 
J. B. 1, 391. Genista tinctoria, Dod. Pempt. 763. Genista 
tinctoria L. 



FRUTICES LEGUMINOSI 279 

*762. Gr. tinctoria latifolia Lucensia, J. B. ?A form of O-enista 
tinctoria L, 

"763. G. tinctoria Lusitanica maxima, Tourn. Inst. Rei Herb. 643. 
Piurna Lusitanorum. A type specimen from Tournefort. 
G. polygalaefolia DC. 
764. G. Capensis angustiore folio, D. Du Bois. 

*765. G. Aethiopica Pinastri folio triphylla, Pluk. Aim. 165, Tab, 
298, 1 ? Two sheets. One, From ye Cape of Good hope, is 
Aspalathus pinea Thunb. ; the second sheet is Fsoralea 
pinnata L. 

*766. G. Laricis folio, Breyn. Capensis D. Du Bois. Brought from ye 
Cape of Good hope, anno 1697, hy Mr. Alexander Brown. 
Aspalathus arida E. Mey, teste N. E. Brown. 

"767. Genistella altera Capensis tenuissimis foliis. Frvmye Cape of 
Good hope. A. abietina Thunb., teste N. E. Brown. 

*768. Genista Capensis foliosa Linariae folio, D. Du Bois. From ye 
Cape of Good hope. Bafaia angulata Thunb., tesie N. B. 
Brown. 

*769. Chamaegenista sagittalis, C.B.P. 395. Genistella herbacea 
sive Chamaespartium, J. B. Genistella montana Germanica, 
Park. Chamaegenista 2, Clus. Hist. 104. Genista sagit- 
talis L. 

*770. C. peregrina Clusii. Tourn. e Lusitania. Tournefort'a speci- 
men. G. tridentata L. 

771. Sparteum Balearicum luteum, equiseti facie, D. Pet. 

772. Genista Spartium spinosum majus, primum flore luteo, C. B. P. 

394. Aspalathus 2^^^ Monspeliensis, J. B. 1, 402. Genista 
spartium spinosum majus, Lob. icon. 82. Cit. Spartium 
Scorpius L., 708 = G. Scorpius DC. 

773. G. Spartium majus brevioribus et longioribus aculeis, Tourn. 

I. R. H. 645. Genista spinosa major brevibus aculeis, C. B. P. 
394. Genistellae spinosae affinis, Nepa quibusdam, J. B. 1, 
400. Scorpius 1, Clus. Hist. 106. Genista spinosa minor, 
Park. G. Nepa Theophrast, Ger. Caspar Bauhin's name is 
cited for Ulex europaeus L. var. 0, 741. 

774. G. Spartium spinosum, majus, tenuius et glabioim. H. R. P., 

I. R. H. 

775. G. Spartium Lusitanicum majus et spinosius spicato flore, 

Tourn. I. R. H. 646. 

*776. G. spinosa minor, Hispanica, villosissima, C.B.P. 395. Geni- 
stella Montis Ventosi spinosa, J. B. 1, 400. Genista Spartium 
montis ventosi, Toum. 645. Mounted on the same sheet as 
No. 756. Genista hispanica L. 

*777. G. aculeata foliosa, J. B. 1, 399. Genista spinosa minor Ger- 
manica, C. B P. 395. Genista Spartium minus Gemianicum, 
Tourn. I. R. H. 645. G. germanica L. 



280 AEBOEES ET FEUTICES 

778. G. Spaitium minus saxatile aculeis honidum, Tourn. I. R. H. 
645. Spartium aphyllum fructicosum, junceis aculeiB, lanatis 
capitulis, Adv. Lob. 409. 
*779. G. Spartium Lusitanicum argenteum, validissimis aculeis muni- 
tum, oopioso flore, Tourn. I. R. H. 646. Erinacea alteiu 
Lusitanica, Vir. Lusit. G. Barnadesii Graells, teste N. E. 
Brown. 

*780. G. erinacea, J. B. 1, 403. Erinacea, CIus. Hist. 107. Genista- 
Spartium spinosum, foliis Lenticulae, floribus ex caeruleo 
purpurascentibus, C. B. P. 394. Erinacea Hispanica, Tourn. 
I. R. H. 646. Erinacea pungens Boiss. 

*781. G. Spartium spinosum aphyllum alternum tribus aculeis semper 
junetis, floribus luteis, C. B. P. Echinopoda Cretica Belli. 
? Grenista acanthoolada DC. 

*782. G. Spartium Lusitanicum siliqua falcata, Tourn. I. R. H. 646. 
Toui-nefort e Lusit. ? Gr. falcata Brot. 

*78:). Chamae-genista Lusitanica angustissimo folio et rigidissimo, 
Tourn. Scorpio-genista 1, Viridar. Lusit. D. Toumefort e 
Lusit. Or. tridentata L., teste N. B. Brown. 

*784. G. Gadensis lutea spinis spinulis armata, Mus. Pet. 225. ?'Dlex 
Willkommii Webb. 

*785. Genistella aouleata Lusitanica frutescens. Pet. ? Genista 
tricanthos Brot. 

786. G. aculeata, Park. 1004. Genista aculeata, Ger. Genistella 
minor Aspalathoides, J. B. 1, 401. Genistella minor Aspala- 
tboides, sive Genista spinosa Anglica, C. B. P. 895. Cit. 
Gr. anglica L., 710. 

*788. G. arborescens Africana Styraois folio flore caeruleo, Hort. 
Lugd. Bat. Crotalaria Africana styracis folio flore caeruleo, 
Tourn. I. R. H. 644. ? Crotalaria sp. 

*789. G. Laurinis foliis splendentibus semper virens. The specimen 
is a single leaf not identified. Attached to the same sheet is 
Crotalaria flore coeriileo. Cola tillypa. 

*790. Crotalaria Benghalensis foliis Genistae subhirsutis, Par. Bat. 
Prod. Crotalaria juncea L. 

*791. Frutex Aethiopicus foliis Rusci floribus papilionaceis, sericea 
lanugine fusca villosis, Pluk. Tab. 297, 8. Forte de Genistarum 
genere. Borbonia laneeolata L. 

*792. Aspalathus secunda trifolia, quae Acacia 2^* Matthiolo, trifolia, 
J. B. 1, 375. Acacia trifolia, C. B. P. Cytisus spinosus, H. 
Leyd. Cytiso-spartium aculeatum, Acacia trifolia dictum, 
Pluk. Aim. Spartium spinosum L. = Calycotonie spinosa 
Link. 

*793. Cytisus glabris foliis subrotundis pediculis brevissimis, C. B. P. 
890. Cytisus glaber siliqua lata, J. B. 1, 373. Cytisus 5 



PBUTICES LEGUMINOSI 281 

rotundifolius, Tab. Pseudo-Cytisus foliis subrotundis, Park. 
Cytisus sessilifolius L. 
*794. C. glaber nigricans, C. B. P. 390. Cytisus Gesneri, cui flores 
fere spicati, J. B. 1, 370. Cytisus 4"=, Clus. Hist. 95. Pseudo- 
Cytisus niger, Park. Two sheets. C. nigricans L. 

*795. C. Insularum Stoecbadum foliis longis angustis, subtus argenteis, 
Schol. Bot. An Cytisus foliis aouminatis Italicus, C. B. P. ? 
Cytisus argenteus Linifolius Insularum Stoechadum, Tourn. 
I. R. H. 648. C. linifoUus Lam. 

796. C. incanus siliqua falcata, C. B. P. Cytisus siliqua inourva 
foliis candicantibus, J. B. Cytisus Galeni creditus, Maranthae 
cornutus, Park. Medica arborea siliqua falcata plana folio 
candicante, Pluk. Aim. 

*797. C. glaber viridis, C.B.P., 390. Cytisus 2, Tab. icon. 1094. 

Desmodium sp. 
*798. C. incanus folio oblongo Austriacus, C. B. P. 390. Cytisus 

Clusii Pannonicus alter foliis omnino incanis, J. B. ? Cytisus 

austriacus L. 
*799. C. foliis subruta lanugine birsutis, C. B. P. 390. Cytisus hirsutus, 

J. B. 1, 372. Cytisus 3, Clus. Hist. 94. Hispanicus arboreus, 

Park. C. hirsutus L. 
*800. C. supinus foliis inferne et siliquis molli hirsutie pubescentibus, 

C. B. P. 390. Cytisus 3' Pannonici 2^^ species Clusio supinis 

ramis, J. B. C. supinus L. 
801. C. Hispanicus 1, Park. ? 
*802. C. hirsutus flore flavo, ex Hort. Pat. ? C. hirsutus L. 
803. C. foliis incanis angustis quasi complicatis, ex Hispania, C. B. P. 

390. Cytisus mentis calcaris, J. B. 1, 370, et Cytisus Hispa- 
nicus 2 Clusii, ejusdem. Cytisus 2, Clus. Hist. 94. 
*804. C. glaber flore purpureo, ex Hort. Pat. C. purpureus Scop. 
*805. C. supinus foliis incana lanugine inferne pubescentibus, C. B. P. 

390. Cytisus 3, Clus. Pan. Septimus, sparsis ramis, J. B. 

C. supinus L. 

806. C. humilia flore purpureo spicato. Onobrychis Breyn. 
*807. C. Zeylanicus Anagyridis folio. 

*808. C. trifoliatus Juniperinis foliis, floribus luteis in spicam densio- 

rem adactis. Promont. B. Spei, Pluk. Mantiss. 68, Tab. 345. 

From ye Cape of Good hope. Aspalathus callosa L. 
*809. C. incanus folio medio longiore, C. B. D. Pet. 
*810. C. erectior Barbadensis glaber. Cytisus procumbensAmericanus 

flore luteo ramosissimus, qui Anil suppeditat, Pluk. Tab. 86, 2. 

Cit. Sophora tinctoria L., 373 = Baptisia tinctoria R. Br. 

The specimen is probably Galaotia sp. 
*811. C. humilior Tirginensis glaber. e Virginia. Lespedeza repens 

(L.) Barton. 



282 ARBOKES ET FKUTICliS 

*812. C. humilimus Madraspatensis Thymi foliis eiig^is. Nil sive 
Anil Cynanchicae loliis Bisnagaricum, Pluk. Tab. 101, 6. 
Chevanar Wemboe Malab. i Madmspat. Indigofera aspa- 
lathoides Vahl. 



PRUTICES LEGUMINOSI, FOLIIS ALATI8. 

813. Colutea vesicaria, C. B. P. 396, J.B. 1, 308. Colutea, Dod. 

Pempt. 784. Cit. Colutea arborescens L., 723. 

814. C. Aethiopica flore phaeniceo. Barbae Jovis folio, Breyn. Cent. 1. 

Cit. Hort. Cliff. 366 ; Colutea frutescens L., 723 = Suther- 
landia frutescens R. Br. 

815. C. scorpioides humilis, J. B. 1, 382. Colutea siliquosa minor, 

C. B. P. 397. Colutea scorpioides 1, hurailior, Clus. Hist. 97. 
Emerus minor, Tourn. I. R. H. 650. Cit. Coronilla Emerus 
L., 742. 

816. C. maritima glauco folio, C. B. P. 397, Prod. 157. Colutea 

frutieosa coronata, glauco folio Cretica, flore odorato, Breyn. 
Pr. 2. Cit. C. glauca L., ed. ii, 1047. 

817. C. scorpioides sive siliquosa major, C. B. P. 897. Colutea 

scorpioides, J. B. Colutea scorpioides 1, elatior, Clus. Hist. 
97. Emerus, Caesalp. 117, Tourn. I. R.H. 650. Cit. C. Emerus 
L., 742. 

818. C. sive Polygala Valentina 1, Clus. Hist. Colutea parva species, 

Polygala Valentina Clusio, J. B. Coronilla sive Colutea 
minima. Lob. Icon. Cit. C. valentina L., 742. 

819. C. siliquosa minor coronata, C. B.P. Colutea scorpioides 

quaedam sive Polygalo Cortusi similis planta, sed major, 
J. B. Cit. C. coronata L., ed. ii, 1047. 

820. C. sive Coronilla repens. 

821. C. caule Genistae fungosa, J. B. Polygala major Massiliotica, 

C. B. Cit. C. juncea L., 742. 

822. C. enneaphyllos Lotoides Indiae Orientalis siliculis con 

glomeratis, Pluk. Tab. 166, 2. e Madrasp. Cit. Psoralea 
enneaphylla L., ed. ii, 1076 = Dalea enneaphylla Willd. 

823. C. enneaphyllos Indiae Orientalis, siliquis et foliis aversa parte 

pubescentibus, H. Reg. Hampt., Pluk. Tab. 166, 3. 

824. C. Zeylanica argentea latifolia, P. B. P. Colutea Zeylanica 

argentea tota, H. Leyd. Mundu Murungu Zeylanensibua. 
Cit. Sophora tomentosa L., 373. 
»25. C. Javanica foliis oblongis, P. B. P., H. R. H. 20, Pluk. Tab. 
165, 1. 

826. C. lanuginosa, floribus parvis, siliquis pilosis deorsum tendenti- 
bus, Mus. Pet. 45. Attrummaphoe Guinensibus, Act. Philo- 
soph. p. 681. 



FEUTICES LEGUMINOSI 283 

827. C. argentea Virginiana flore ampliore purpurascente. Cicer 

Astragaloides (forte Virginianum) hirsutie pubescens floribus 
amplis subrubentibus, Pluk. Tab. 232. 

828. C. siliquosa enneaphylloa Indiae Orientalis, siliquis et foliis 

aversa parte pubesoentibus, Pluk. Tab. 166, 3. 

829. C. siliquosa ad nodos caulium siliquis bigemellis, Pluk. Tab. 

165, 5. 

830. C. affinis fruticosa Pimpinellae folio, siliquis falcatis bovinorum 

cornuum in modum dispositis, Sloane Hist. Jam. Tab. 16. 

831. Barba Jovis pulchre lucens, J. B. 1, 385. Barba Jovis, Lugd. 

194. Cit. Anthyllis Barba jovis L., 720. 

832. Barba Jovis lagopoides Cretica, frutescens, incana, flore spicato 

purpureo amplo, Breyn. Prod. 2., Toum. I. R. H. 651. 
Ebenus Cretica, Prosp. Alp. Exot. 378. Cit. Ebenus cretica 
L., 764. 

833. Polygala Africana glabra, floris galea binis oristis fimbriatis 

ornata ex involucro magno dipetalo erumpente, PI. T. 53, 2. 
Polygala major frutescens myrtifolia flore purpurascente, 
Breyn. Prod. 



TRUTICES FKUCTU BINIS LOCULAMENTIS DISTINCTO. 

834. Adhatoda Zeylonensium, Hort. Lugd. Bat. Mus. Zeylan. Dic- 
tamno forte affinis Indica arborescens Lauri Americanae 
foliis, sive Ecbolium Zeylanicum foliis Laurinis, Breyn. 
Prod. 2, 41. Cit. Justicia Adhatoda L., 15 = Adhatoda 
Vasica Nees. . 

*835. A. Myrti latioris folio, Addoocoomoolle Indorum, et Cooany 
Poo. D. Du Bois. Sent from India. Eoboliiun iiinneanum 
Kurz. 

*836. A. Borneana Parietariae folio, Hort. Sice. Pet., Raii Vol. 3, 
p. 240. 

*837. A. Campaccae Pneumonanthe folio, Mus. Pet. 337. Ecbolii 
Indici, sive Adhatodae cucuUatis floribus aemula Hyssopi- 
folia, ex Insulis Fortunatis, Pluk. Tab. 280. From Fort 
St. George Nellanaumbooe, Petiver. Cent. n. 337. A second 
sheet labelled Snap tree or Snap grass. Cit. Justicia hyssopi- 
folia L., 15, but the plants are Andrographis paniculata 
Nees. 

*838. A. minor Indica Buxeis foliis flore albo, D. Du Bois. Ruellia 
prostrata Lam., teste N. E. Brown. 

*839. Arbuscula Canariensis Salicis aut potius Oleae sylvestris Barba- 
diensium foliis et facie, seminibus ad tactum (quando 
maturis) e capsulis strepitu prosilientibus, Snap Tree, Pluk. 
Aim. 44, Tab. 313, 1. A leaf and a flower ; the latter is 
Justicia hyssopifolia L. 



284 ARBORES ET FRUTICES 

840. Syringa caerulea, C. B. P. 398. Syringa flore caenileo, sive 

Lilach, J. B. 1, 204. Lilac Matth. 1237. Lilac Matth. sive 
Syringa flore caeruleo, Park. Cit. Syringa vulgaris L., 9. 

841. S. sive Lilac flore saturate purpureo, Hort. Edinburgh. 

S. vulgaris L. forma. 

842. S. sive Lilac flore purpureo minore. 

843. S. sive Lilac flore lacteo give argenteo, Park. Syringa flore 

quasi argenteo, C. B. P. 898. Lilac flore albo, Toum. 
1. R. H. 

844. S. Persica sive Lilac Persarum incisis foliis, Jasminum Persicum 

dictum, Park. Jasminum Persicum fotiis laciniatis, H. 
Edinb. Ligustrum foUis laciniatis, C. B. P. Agemlilag Per- 
sarum, sive Lilac incisis foliis Cornuti. Lilac laciniato folio, 
Toum. I. R. H. Cit. S. persica L., 9. 

846. S. Persica foliis indivisis flore majore pallide caeruleo, Pluk. 
Aim. Jasminum Persicum foliis non laciniatis, H. Edinb. 
Lilac Ligustri folio, Toum. I. R. H. 602. 

PRUTEX CAPSULIS TETRAGONIS. 

846. S. alba sive Philadelphus Athenaei, C. B.P. 398. Syringa 

flore albo, J. B. Syringa flore albo simplici. Park. Cit. 
Philadelphus coronarius L., 470. 

847. Tetragonocarpos Africana fruticans, foliis longis et angustis, 

Hort. Amst. Part. 2, 205. ? Tetragonia fruticosa L. 

FRUTICES CAPSULIS PENTAGONIS. 

*848. Cistus mas vulgaris. Park. Cistus mas folio oblongo incano, 
C. B. P. 464. Cistus mas 1, Clus. Hist. 68. Cistus mas 
quartus Monspeliensis folio oblongo, albido, J. B. 2, 3. Cistus 
mas cum Hypocistide, Ger. Cit. Cistus albidus L., 524, but 
the specimen probably belongs to C. polymorphus WiUk. 

849. C. mas angustifolius, C. B. P. 464. Cistus mas 2 folio longiore, 
J. B. 2, 2. Cistus mas 2, Clus. Hist. 69. Cit. C. incauus L., 
524 = C. polymorphus Willk. 

*850. C. mas folio breviore, C. B.P. 464. Cistus mas 3''», floribus 
dilute virentibus, J. B. 2, 3. C. polymorphus Willk. 

*851. C. mas major folio rotundiore, J. B. 2, 2. Cistus mas folio 
rotundo hirsutissimo, C. B. P. 464. Cistus mas Matthioli, 
Lugd. Cit. C. pilosus L., ed. ii, 736. The specimen is 
probably C. polymorphus Willk. 

*852. C. mas folio Chamaedryos, C. B. P. 464. Cistus mas 5, foliis 
crispis et quodammodo sinuosis, J. B. 2, 3. Cistus mas 5»=, 
Clus. Hist. 69. Cistus mas foliis undulatis et crispis, Toum. 
I, R. H. C. crispa L. 



FEUTICES CAPSULIS PENTA60NIS 285 

*853. C. foemina foliis Salviae, C. B. P. elatior et rectis virgis, 464. 

Cistus foemina Monspeliaca flore albo, J.B. 2, 4. Cistus 

foemina, Clus. Hist. 70. C. Sal^rifolia L. 
*854. C. Ladanifera Monspeliensium, C. B.P. 467. Cistus Ladanifera 

sive Ledon Monspeliensium angusto folio nigricans, J. B. 2, 

10. C. monspeliensis L. 
*855. C. Ledon folio salicis angustifolia, C. B. P. ex Ins. Canar. Cit. 

C. salicifolius L., 527. 
*856. C. Ledon hirsutum, C. B. P. 467. Cistus Ledon 4, Clus., flore 

candido, J. B. 2. 10. Ledon 4, Clus. Hist. 78. C. liirsutus 

Lam. 
*857. C. Ledon lato et hirsuto folio, Flor. Lugd. Bat. Flores. C. hir- 

sutus Lam. 
*858. C. Ledon foliis Populi nigrae major, C. B. P. 467. Cistus Ledon 

Populi nigrae foliis Clusii major, J. B. 2, 9. Ledon lati- 

folium 2 majus, Clusii Hist. 78. C. populifolia L. 
*859. C. Ledon foliis Laurinis, C. B.P. 467. Cistus Ledon latiore 

folio, J. B. 2, 8, Cistus 1 latifolius, Clus. Hist. 77. C. lauri- 

folia L. 
*860. C. Ledon 6, minoribus angustioribusque foliis Clusii, J. B. 

Cistus Ledon angustis foliis, C. B. P. Ledon 6, Clus. Hist. 

Helianthemum umtaellatum Mill. 
*861. C. Ledon foliis Eorismarini ferrugineis, C. B. P. Iiedum 

palustre L. 
*862. C. Ledon foliis Rorismarini subtus incanis, C. B. P. Ledon 

4tum^ Clus. Hist, e Lusitania Ja: Petiver. Helianthemum 

lavandulaefolium DC. 
*863. C. Ledon foliis Rorismarini, sed non incanis, C. B. P. 467. 

Cistus Ledon 9, Clusio, J. B. Ledon 9, Clusii 80. H. Litaa- 

notis Willd. 

864. C. Indicus Ledi Alpini foliis et floribus amplis, Hort. Lugd. 

Bat. Cit. Azalea indica L., 150 = Ehododendron indioum 
Sweet. 

865. Ledum Alpinum foliis ferrea rubigine nigricantibus, C. B. P. 

468. Nerium Alpinum quibusdam, aliis Ledum glabrum, J. B. 
Ledum Alpinum sive Rosa Alpina, Park. Chamaerhododendros 
Alpigena, Ger. Ledi Alpini genus alteram, Clus. Pan. et 
Hist. Cit. E. ferrugineum L., 392. 

866. Cistus Ledon flore macula nigricante notato, J. B. Cistus 

Ledon 1 angust. Clus. 77. 

*867. C. folio Spicae, e Catalonia, D. Pet. Helianthemum lavan- 
dulaefolium DC. 
868 C. Ledon foliis Rorismarini subtus incanis, C.B. 467 (see 
No. 862 \ 

*869. C. Ledon foliis Thymi, C. B. ex Hispania, D. Pet. Cistus 
umbellatus L., 525 = Heliantliemum. xunbellatum Mill. 



286 ARBORES ET PRUTICES 

870. Myrto-Cistus Pennei, Clus. Hist. 68, Fig. Hyperici pulcbra 

species, D. Pet. 

871. Cistus foliis Sampsuchi incanis, C. B. 465. e Lusitan. D. 

Petiver. 

*872. Chamaerhododendros Alpinus hirsutus. Cistus Ledum Alpinum, 
Ger. Ledum Alpinum hirsutum, C. B. P. Chamaerhodo- 
dendri varietas, Lob. Nerium Alpinum quibusdam, aliis 
Ledum birsutum, J. B. Rhododen(b:on Mrsutum L. 

*873. C. Chusan flore albo, Myrti Romani folio, Mus. Pet. 892. 
Petiver specimen. 

874. C. Mai'ianus Ligustri foliis, floribus minoribus. Arbuscula 

Mariana Ligustri foliis ternis. 

875. C. VirginianuB Laurifolius, floribus eleganter bullatis. Cistus 

semper virens Laurifolius floribus eleganter bullatis Virginia- 
nus, Pluk. Tab. 161. 
*876. Cistus Cbamaerbododendros sive Ledum Orientale pentaneuros 
[Heptaneuros], foliis brevioribus ferruginea et moUi lanugine 
villosis, Pluk. Tab. 161, 2. Stramonia sive Datura Cistioides 
frutescens hirsuta major Indica, Breyn. Prod. 2. Melastoma 
malabathricum L. 

*877. C. Zeylanicus pulpifer, quinquenervlus, flore purpureo. Arbor 
Americana quinquenervia, comantibus flosculis, foliis amplis- 
simis glabris, prona parte albicantibus, Pluk. Tab. 264, 4. 
Melastoma sp. 

*878. 0. Indicus quinquenervlus folio hirsuto et scabro, floribus roseis 
amplis capitulis sericeis villosis, pulpa nigra refertis, major, 
KatOTi Kadali, Hort. Mai. Part 4, p. 91. Aibuscula Jamai- 
censis pentaneuros foliis crassis, leviter dentatis, superna facie 
ferruginea, prona candicante et molli lanugine villosis, Pluck. 
T. 264. D. Sher. Cit. M. aspera L., 391 = Osbeokia aspera 
Blume. 
879. Ledum palustre nostras Arbuti flore. Rail Syn. 142. Rosmarinus 
sylvestris minor, Park. Erica bumilis Rorismarini foliis 
Unedonis flore, capsula cistoide, Pluk. Tab. 175, 1. Cit. 
Andromeda Polifolia L., 393. 



FKUIICES MULTICArSULAKES. 

*880. Cistus Ledon flore macula nigricante notato, J.B. Cistus 
Ledon 1 angustifolium, Clus. Hist. 77. Cistus ladani- 
fera L. 

*881. C. Ladanifera Hispanica incana floi'e immaculati candoris, 

Hort. Lugd. Bat. C. ladanifera L. 
*882. Spiraea Theopbrasti Clusio, Ger. Spiraea Theoph. forte 

Clusio, J. B. 1, 559. Spiraea Theopbrasti forte, Clus. Hist. 84. 

Frutex spicatus, foliis saliginis seiTatis, C. B. P. 475. Spiraea 

aalicis folio, Tourn. L R. a 618. Spiraea salloifolia L. 



FRUTICES MULTICAPSULAEES 287 

883. S. Piuni folio serrato Virginiana flore spicato albo. Spiraeae 

Theophrast. similia frutex Indicus latiore folio, spicis florum 
e foliorura alis, Pluk. Aim. 356, Tab. 63, 2. 

884. S. Hyperici folio non crenato, Tourn. I. R H. Pruno sylveatri 

aflSnis Canadensis, C. B. P. App. 517. Hypericum frutescens 
Americanum flore albo. Park. Cit. S. hyperioifolia L., 489. 
835. S. corymbifera Virginiana Ribis folio. Spiraea Opuli folio, 
Tourn. I. R. H. 618. Euonymus Virginianua Ribis folio cap- 
sulis eleganter bullatis, H. Amst. p. 169. Anonymos Ameri- 
cana Ribesii foliis umbellata, Meliauthi capsula minora, Pluk. 
Aim. 38. Anonymos Ribesii foliis Icon Roberti, Raii Hist. 
1708. Cit. S. opulifolia L., 490 = Weillia opvdifolia 
Benth. & Hook. 

*886. Rhus Myrtifolia Monspeliaea, C. B. P. Plinii putata, J. B. 

Coriaria myrtifolia L. 
887. Erica vulgaris glabra, C. B.P. 485. Erica vulgaris humilis 
semper virens flore purpureo, J. B. 1, 354. Cit. Erica vulgaris 
L., 352 = Calluna vulgaris Hull. 

*888. E. vulgaris glabra flore albo, C. B. P. 485. Erica vulgaris 
humilis semper virens, flore albo, J. B. 1, 354. Erica albo, 
Tab. icon. 1111. C. vulgaris B.\il\, flore albo. 

*889. E. vulgaris hirsuta, Ger. Vulgatis hirsutior. Park. Erica 
Myricae folio hirsuta, C. B. P. 485. Erica Myricae foliis 
tomentosis et incanis Clusio, J. B. 1, 355, Clus. Hist. 41. Cit. 
Erica vulgaris var. /3 L., ed. ii, 501. The specimen is C. vul- 
garis Hull var. puljescens Hull. 

*890. E. Brabantica sive Coridis foliis hirsutis quaternis, J. B. 1, 358. 
Erica ex rubro nigricans scoparia, C. B. P. 486. Erica pumila 
Belgarum Lobelii, scoparia nostras, Park. Erica major flore 
purpureo, Ger. Erica 13 Clus. Hist. 46. Erica Tetralix L. 

891. Eadem flore albo. 

892. Erica ramosior foliis quaternis brevioribus, e Gallia, D. Lhwyd. 

*893. E. tenuifolia, Ger. Erica humilis cortice cinereo, Arbuti flore, 
C. B. P. 486. Erica ramulis ternis, floribus saturatioribus 
purpureis, J. B. 1, 357. Erica virgata sive 6, Clus. Hist. 43. 
£. cinerea L. 

894. E. major vulgaris foliis deoiduis, C. B. P. 485. Erica arborescens 
floribus luteolis, vel herbaceis minimis, J. B. 1, 356. Erica 
Coris folio 4, Clas. Hist. 42. Cit. E. scoparia L., 353. 

*895. E. maxima purpurascens longioribus foliis, C B. P. 485. Erica 
Coris folio maxima pui'purascens. Park. Erica foliis Corios 
quaternis flore purpurascente, J. B. 1, 356. Erica Coris folio 2, 
Clus. Hist. 42. Erica major flore purpureo, Ger. 

*896. E. major floribus ex herbaceo purpureis, C. B. P. 485. Erica 
foliis Corios quaternis, floribus herbaceis, deinde ex albo 
purpurascentibus, J. B. 1. 356. Erica Coris folio 3, Clus. 



288 ARBORES J5T PRUTICKS 

Hist. 42, Cit. E. viridi-purpurea L., 353 = E. pelviformis 
Salisb. 

*897. E. ternis per intervalla ramulis, C. B. P. 486. Erica arborescena 
Monspeliensis flore purpurascente ramulis ternis, J. B. 1, 
857. Erica Coris folio 5, Clus. Hist. 48. Tourmf. i Limit. 
E. deliciosa Wendl. f. 

*898. E. procumbens dilute purpurea, C. B. P. 486. Erica foliis 
Corios, flore purpureo dilutioris coloris, J. B. 1, 358. Erica 
Coris fol. 8, Clus. H. 43. Erica procumbens sive supina 
pallide purpurea, Park. Erica foliis jnniperinis D. Lhwyd 
ex Hihemia. E. herbacea L. The specimen is E. mediter- 
ranea L., var. liibemica Syme. 

*899. E. folio Corios multiflora, J. B. Erica Coris folio 2 altera 
species, Clus. Hist. 

*900. E. supina maritima Anglica, Park., Raii Hist. Frankenia 
laevis L. (= r. hirsuta L., I. K.), 

*901. E. S«. Debeosi, D. Lhwyd. Cit. Erica daboecii L., ed. ii, 509 = 
Daboecia polifolia D. Don = Boretta Daboecii Baill. 

*902. E. Capensis Coridis foliis brevioribus flo. purpurascente minore. 
From ye Cape of Good Hope. Erica imbrioata L., teste N. E. 
Brown. 

*903. E. Abietiformis Aetbiopica Unionifera, sive capsulis globosis, 
Pluk. Tab. 279, 2 ? E. gnaphalodes Thun., teste N. E. Brown. 

*904. E. tenuifolia flosculis suave rubellis, Promont. Bonae Spei, Pluk. 
Tab. 175, 3. Anthospermuin ciliare L. 

*905. E. Africana Coris folio, flore flavescente, Par. Bat. Pr. Fasae- 
rina fillformis var. vulgaris Meissn., teste C. H. Wrigbt. 

*906. E. Coridis folio Capensis flore rubello, Pet. Gazyoph. T. 3, 7. 
Erica mucosa L., teste N. E. Brown. 

*907. E. Capensis umbellata aspera, Mus. Pet. 766. Erica Africana 
Juniperi folio flore oblongo umbellate, Toum. I. R. H. Erica 
Africana umbellata flore purpureo, Barth. Act. Haff'. vol. 2, 
57. E. cerinthoides L., teste N. E. Brown. 

*908-9. E. Africana floribus longissimis luteis, Hermanni. An Erica 
Coris foliis hispidis Cenntheoides Africana, Breyn. Cent. 1 ? 
E. oerinthoides L. 

910. E. Africana flosculis subhirsutis secundum ramulos dispositis, 
Oldenl., Tourn. I. R. H. 603. 

*911. E. Capensis Cerinthes flore staminoso, Mus. Pet. 205. E. Plu- 
kenetii L., teste N. E. Brown. 

*912. E. Coris folio floribunda, ex Promont. Bon. Sp., Pluk. Aim. 136, 
vel Erica aculeata foliorum lanugine cinerea, Pluk. Mantiss, 
p. 69, Tab. 347, 8. From y" Cape of Good hope. Aspalathus 
araneosa L. 



FKUTICES LANIGEKI 289 

913. E. Aethiopica Rorismarini sylvestris folio eleganter punctato 

flore purpureo tetrapetalo, PL Mantiss. p. 68, Tab. 347. 

914. Ericaeformis Aethiopica Cupressi foliis compressiusculis, Pluk. 

Tab. 279, 2 ? 

*915. Ericaeformis Coridia folio Aethiopica floribus pentapetalis in 
apioibus, Pluk. Tab. 279, 5. Cit. Diosma ericoides L., 198, 
but the specimen does not agree. 

*916. Ericae facie Polygonoides Africana pentapetalos, viticulis in 
creberrima capillamenta squamulis conflata dififusis, Pluk. 
Tab. 28, 4. Statioe ferulaoea L. 

*917. Lewisanus Capensis foliis capillaceis, Mus. Pet. 784. Berzelia 
lanuginosa Brongn., teste N. E. Brown. 

*918. L. Capensis serpylli folio. Pet. Gaz. Tab. 5, 7. Petiver's speci- 
men. Cit. Brunia Levisanua L., 199 = Xieucadendron Levi- 
sanus Berg. 

*919. Erutex cinereus muscosus, Cap. Bon. Sp., Breyn. Cent. 1, 24, 
Cap. 12. ? Seriphium cinereum L., 928 = Stoebe cinerea 
Thunb. 
920. Eriocephalos Bruniades Ericaeformis Monomotapensis, capitulis 
globulorum instar, interius cavis, et densa lanugine tectis. 
Pluk. Mantiss. p. 69, 8, Tab. 347. Breyniana Capensis capi- 
tulis albis plumosis, Pet. Tab. 5. 4. Frutex Afrieanus aro- 
maticus flore spicato exiguo, Comm. H. Amst. Vol. 2. Cap. 50. 
Cit. Erica bruniades L., 354. 

*921. Frutex Afrieanus Ambram spirans. Cit. Anthospermum 
aethiopicum L., 1058. 

FRUTICES LANIQERI. 

922. Tamariscus Narbonensis, Lob. Icon. 218. Tamariscus major 

sive arborea Narbonensis, J. B. 1, 351. Tamariscus altera 
folio tenuiore, sive Gallica, C. B. P. 485. Cit. Tamarix 
gallica L., 271. 

923. T. Gerraanica sive minor fruticosa, J. B. 1, 351. Tamariscus 

fruticosa folio crassiore, sive Germanica, C. B. P. 485. 
Tamariscus Germanica, Lob. Icon. 218. Tamariscus folio 
latiore, Park. Cit. T. germanica L. = Myrioaria germanica 
Desv. 

924. T. Atle vocata, Prosp. Alp. de Plant. Aegypt. Tamarix Aegyp- 

tiaca arbor, C. B. P., Pluk. Tab. 318, 3. According to 
Muschler, Manual Fl. Egypt 1, 649, ' Athl ' is the Arabian 
name for Tamarix articulata Vahl. 

925. Tamarisci, sive Myricae forte genus Aethiopicum muricato 

fructu, Pluk. Tab. 297, 1. Breyniana cineroides capensis. 
Pet. Gaz. Tab. 3. 9. Frutex cineraceus muscosus. Cap. Bon. 
Spei, Breyn. Cent. 1, 24, Cap. 12. The latter name is the 
same as No. 919. 



290 AEBOEES ET FEUTICES 

*926. Thymelaea foliis acutis capitulo Succisae, sive Alypum Mon- 
Bpeliensium, C. B. P. 463. Alypum Monspeliensium sive 
Frutex teiribilie, J. B. Hippoglossum Valentinum, Clus. 
Hist. 90. Globularia Alypum L. 

*927. Nerium sive Oleander, Ger. Nerion floribus rubescentibus, 
C. B. P. 464. Nerion sive Rhododendron flore rubro, J. B. 2, 
241. Oleander, Laurus rosea, Lob. icon. 364. Iferiiun 
Oleander L. 

*928. Nerion floribus albis, C. B. P. 464, Lob. icon. 865. Nerium 
sive Rhododendron flore albo, J. B. 1, 141. N. Oleander L., 
flore albo. 

929. Nerium Indioum latifolium flore rubro, et aliquando variegato, 
odorato, pleno, H. Beaumont. Nerium Indioum flore rube- 
scente pleno, Breyn. Pr. 2, 76. Tsiovanna-areli, H. Mai. 
Part 9, Tab. 1. Cit. Hooker Fl. Ind. iii. 655. N. odorum 
Soland. 

*930. N. Indioum angustifolium floribus odoratis simplioibus, H. Leyd. 
Nerium Indioum angustifolium floi-e incamato odorato 
eimplici, P. B. Pr. 356. Belutta-areli, H. Mai. Part 9, 2. 
D". odoruna Soland. 

*931. N. Americanum maximum folio obtuso, P. B. P., Pluk. 

Tab. 207, 1. 
*932. N. Indioum folio nonnihil mucronato, P. B. P. ? An Arbor 

Indioa Nerii foliis splendentibus Belgarum ? Cheggo pallary. 

TS. odorum Soland. 

*933. Nerio afiinis angustifolia lactescens flore luteo Americana, 
Pluk. Tab. 207, 3. Chelsey. Cit. Cerbera Thevetia L., 209 = 
Thevetia nereifolia Juss. 

*934. Nerium Indioum latifolium floribus plenis odoratis, H. Leyd. 
H". odorum Soland. 

*935. N. forte Sirinamense sanguineis foliorum venis et foliis Cina- 
momi Parkinsono aemulis, Pluk. Tab. 207, 1, Aim. 263. Et 
Arbor forte Balsamifera, Pluk. Aim. p. 42. Sent from Bombay 
by my bro''. Danl. du. Bois 1702 & from Fort St. George. 
Plumeria acutifolia Poiret. 

SUPFEUTICES. 

Sufi'rutices vel Subfrutices lignosa substantia, aeque ac 
Arbores et Frutices, quae per se constant, donata sunt ; hi vero 
vel oapreolis, caulibus sarmentisve, vel radiculis scandentes, 
adminiculum, quo sustentari possint petunt. 

SUPFEUTICES CAPEEOLIS SCANDENTES. 

*936. Vitis muscatelina alba. Uva muscatela. Car. Steph. Praed. 
Bust. 374. Vitis Apiana Plinio, C. B. P. 298. 



SUITEUTICES 291 

Nos. 936-942 appear to be specimens of various cultivated 
forms of Vitis vinifera L. 

*937. V. Rheinensis fruotu subviridi ovali. 

*938. V. Frontiniaca alba 

subrubeus aut ferruginea 
rubra vel nigricans. 

*939. V. Corinthiaca sive Apyrina, J. B. 2, 72. Uvae passae minores, 
vel Passulae Corinthiacae, C. B. P. 299. Cit. V. vinifera 
var. p apyrena L., 202. 

*940. V. fruotu ex albo rubro mixto et striate. 

*941. v. fructu extus, et succo intus ruberrimo. The Red wine 
grape. 

*942. V. Aurelianensis rubra. 

*943. V. Vinifera sylvestris Americana folio aversa parte densa lanu- 

eine tectis, Vulpina dicta Virginiana, Pluk. Tab. 249. 1. 
it. V. LabruBcaL.,203. 

*944. V. sylvestris e Terra Mariana. 

*945. V. laciniatis foliis, Cornuti, 183. Vitis foliae Apii, J. B. 2, 73. 
Cit. V. laciniosa L , 203 = V. vinifera L., 202. 

*946. V. Madraspatana fructu azureo, folio subrotundo et anguloso, 
Mus. Pet. 696. 

*947. V. Pearmeedoorioa foliis ternis subrotundis serratis, Pet. Act. 
Philos. No. 267, p. 607. Belutta Tsiori-valli, H'. Mai. Tom. 7, 
p. 19. Petiver's specimen. Cit. V. trifolia L., 203. 

*948. Arbuacula baccifera circumplieatilis vitigineo folio lanato, 
fructu racemoso fervidiore odoro. Perreaurulla Malabarorum, 
Pluk. Mantiss. p. 27, 2, Tab. 337. Cit. Cissus vitiginea L., 
117 = V. repanda W. & A. 

949. Clematis Americana capreolis donata, Loti Arboris folio. Goryli 
sive Avellanae folio oblongo et acuminato, Frutex convol- 
vulaceus capreolatus, Pluk. Tab. 162, 3, P. B. P. 

*950. Clematis Bryonoides trifolia Indica capreolata. Bryonoides 
Indicum trifoliatum foliis succulentis crassis et crenatis, 
Pluk. Tab. 152, 2. e Madrasp. Cit. Cissus acida L., ed. ii. 
179 = Vitis aoida Thunb. 

951. Syringa scandens Madraspatana Fraxini foliis densioribus, 

claviculis donata, Pluk. Tab. 228, 1. 
*952. Smilax aspera fructu rubente, C. B. P. 296. Smilax aspera, 

J. B. 2, 115. Smilax aspera rutilo fructu, Clus. Hist. 112. 

Smilax aspera L. 
*953. S. aspera folio ad basin latiore et rotundiore. S. aspera L. 

*954. S. aspera foliis latis in margine spinosis, Caroliniana, stipite 
leni quadrate, Pluk. Aim. 348, Tab. Ill, 1. S. bona nox L. 
u 2 



292 ARBORES ET FBUTICES 

*955. S. aspera Bermudensis graudioribus foliis cordiformibus radice 
suiculosa, Pluk. Tab. 110, 6. Smilax sp. 

*956. S. Virginiana spinis innocuis armata, latis Canellae foliis radice 
arundinacea crassa et carnosa, Pluk. Tab. 110, 5. Pseudo- 
China radix ex Virginia, Clus. Exot. Forte China spuria 
nodosa, C. B. P. Cit. S. Pseudo China L., 1031, but the speci- 
men is S. laurifolia L. 

♦957. S. claviculata Hederaefolia tota levis e Terra Mariana, Pluk. 
Tab. 225, 3. S. hertoacea L. 

*958. S. viticulis asperis Virginiana folio hederaceo leni, Zarza nobi- 
lissima, Pluk. Tab. Ill, 2. Smilacis asp. spec. Scammonium, 
C. Foster. Cit. S. Sarsaparilla L., 1029. 

*959. S. Orientalis sarmentis aculeatis, excelsaa arbores scandentibus, 
foliis non spinosis, Toum. Coroll. p. 45. China radix ofEci- 
narum, Park. 1578. Lampatan chinensibus. Cit. S. excelsa L , 
1029. 



SUFFEUTICES VITICULIS SCANDENTES. 

*960. Periclymcnum vulgare, Ger. Periclymenum s. Caprifolium 
vulgare. Park. Periclymenum non perfoliatum Germanicum, 
C. B. P. 302. Periclymenum non perfoliatum, J. B. 2, 104 
Lonicera Peri-Clymenum L. 

961. P. vulgare foliis eleganter variegatis. Henley. 

962. Variat foliis Quercinis. 

*963. Periclymenum perfoliatum, C. B. P. 302, J.B. 2, 104. Pericly- 
menum perfoliatum sive Italicum, Park. Praecocius album 
et vulgatius. L. Caprifolium L. 

963 B. P. perfoliatum majus flora ex alborubente. L. Caprifolium L. 

*964. P. perfoliatum album serotinum. Prom D. Harding. Mr. 
Schroohy hath of it from Hinksey [Berks], L. Caprifolium L. 

963. P. sarmentis purpurascentibus, folio caesio semper virente, 

flore intus candido, ex rubicundissimo, J. B. 

966. P. sive Caprifolium Germanicum flore rubello, Park. Pericly- 
menum perfoliatum serotinum speciosius, H. R. Par. Capri- 
folium Germanicum flore rubello serotinum, Bross. 

*967. P. folio ex albo viridi et luteo eleganter adumbrato, Pluk. Tab. 
213, 1. Periclymenum foliis sinutis variegatis et hirsutis, 
Raii Hist, e Germanico flore rubello degener ? L. Peri- 
Clymenum L. var. quercifolium. Ait., teste N. E. Brown. 

"968. P. Virginianum humilius flore coccineo tubuloso. P. per- 
foliatum, semper virens et florens, H. L. Bat. 484. L. semper- 
virens L. 



SUFFEUTICES 293 

*969. p. Virginianum staminulis longioribiis, ex floribus pentapeta- 
loidibus prodeuntibus. Cistus Virginianus flore et odore 
Periclymeni, Pluk. Aim., Tab. 161, 4. Azalea lutea L. = Kho- 
dodendron nudifloriun Torr. 

*970. P. Zeylanicum berbaceum foliis variegatis diversicoloribus 
maculis ornatis, Pluk. Tab. 212, 6. Clematis Indica folio 
Persioae, fruotu Periclymeni, C. B. P. Tulica pooe, Gentu, 
Tooracou pooe. Batavis Zeylonensibus, Slang Cruit. From 
Fori, St. George. Graptophyllum hortense Nees, teste 
N. E. Brown. 

S71, Chamaepericlymenum, Park., Ger. 

972. Jasminum vulgatius flore albo, C. B. P. 397. Jasminum sive 

Gelserainum flore albo, J. B. 2, 101. Gelseminum vulgatius, 
Jasminum, Lob. Icon. 105. Cit. Jasminum offictaale L. 

973. J. album viilgare foliis et caulibus ex aureo variegatis. J. ofB.oi- 

nale L./orma. 

*974. J. humilius magno flore, C. B. P. 398. Jasminum Hispanicum 
flore majore, externe rubente, J. B. 2, 101. Jasminum 
candidiflorum. Tab. Icon. 885. J. grandiflorum L. 

*975. J. humilius luteum, C. B. P. 397. Jasminum sive Gelseminum 
luteum, J. B. 2, 102. Jasminum luteum. Lob. icon. 106. 
J. humile L. 

*976. J. luteum vulgo dictum bacciferum, C. B. P. 398. Trifolium 
fruticans, quibusdam, Polemonium flore luteo, J. B. 1, 374. 
Trifolium fruticans, Dod. Pempt. 571. Jasminum luteum 
sive Trifolium fruticans aliis Polemonium, Park. Cit. Hort. 
Clifi'. p. 5, J. fruticans L., 7. 

*977. J. Indicum flavum odoratissimum, Park. Jasminum flavum 
odoratum, H.R. P. Gelseminum Indicum flavum odoratis- 
simum, Ferrar. Flor. Cult. J. odoratissimum L. 

*978. J. album trifolium flore magno, ex Insula Maderensi, Pluk. Tab. 

803, 1 ? 
*979. J. myrsinites triphyllum Malabariense, floribus oblongis rubellis, 

Pluk. Tab. 303, 2. 

*980. J. Indicum trifoliatum et mucronatum flore albo. 
981. J. Brasilianum lato terno folio, parvo flore odoratissimo, mono- 

coccon, Tournefort. 
*982. J. Arabicum sive Indicum Mali Aurantiae foliis flo. albo 

minore, Breyn. Prod. Jasminum Arabicum, Clus. Jasminum 

sive Sambac Arabura Alpino, J. B. Syringa Arabica folio 

Mali Aurantii, C. B. P. Nalla mulla, Hort. Mai. Foula 

magori, Lusit. J. Sambae Soland. 
*983. J. Indicum Mali Aurantiae foliis flore albo pleno. Breyn. Pr. 2. 

Nalla-mulla H. M. T. 6. 87. est Sambac Jasminum Arab. P. Alp. 

Myypt. J. Sambao Soland. 



294 AEBORF.S ET FEUTICES 

*984. J. Malabaricnm foliis Mali Aurantiae, flove niveo odoratissimo, 
Commelin in notis. Nandi ervatam. Nandi ervatam minor, 
Hort. Mai. Tom. 2, p. 107. Sent from FoH St. George hy my 
sister Mary chi Bois, 1703. 

*985. J. Indicum coccineum umbellatum foliis Lauri, Hermanni, 
Ratambala Indorum. ex Ind, Orient. Ixora coeeinea L. 

*986. J. Indicum Laurifolio inodorum umbellatum, floribus albican- 
tibus, P. B. P., Pluk. Tab. 109, 2. Sbetti Malabar., foliis 
Laurinis venosis, Act. Philos. no. 276, pag. 1014, pi. 198. 
Fetiver. I. alba L. 

*987. J. Zeylanicum laurifolium umbellatum alterum. Coda Molly. 

*988. J. Orientale album foliis amplis Laurinis ex adverse positis. 
? Jasminuta Sambao Soland. 

*989. J. Indicum sylvestre inodorum album foliis Ligustri, Hermanni. 
Walpiha Indorum. Tbe specimen bas become detached from 
the sheet and lost. On the same sheet is another specimen 
From Foti St. George. Parcullaa iSj- Peaculla &; Paygellay 
Chedde, An Jasmini spec. ? Catu Pitsjegam-Mulla, H. Mai. T. 6, 
p. 93. J. angustifolium Willd., teste Dillwyn. 

*990. J. album Orientale Alaterni foliis non crenatis. ex Ind. Orient. 

*991. J. Orientale album tubulo tenuiore, foliis Saponariae similibus. 
Baedalacanthus sp. 

*992. J. flore albo inodoro Arbuscula Zeylanica. 

*993. J. flore albo inodoro Arbuscula Africana fol. acuminatis, 
Hermanni. 
994. J. baooiferum, Parietariae foliis, tubo longiore albo, ex oris 
Malabaricis. Arbor tristis Myrto similis, C. B. P. 469, Pluk. 
Aim. p. 46. Nego muUy, Malabar, H. Mai. Tom. 1. flg. 21. 
If yctanthea Arbor tristis L., tente Dillwyn. 

*995. J. Americanum album spinosum folio lucido. 

*996. J. Indicum foliis rigidis, rotundioribus, Laurinis. From Petiver. 

*997. J. Indicum Laurustini foliis. 

998. Solanum scandens sive Dulcamara, C. B. P. 167. Glycypicros 

sive Amaradulcis, J. B. 2, 109. Dulcamara, Dod. Pempt. 402. 
Cit. Solanum. Dulcamara L., 185. 

999. S. scandens foliis variegatis, H. R. Par. S. Dulcamara L , 

forma. 

1000. S. scandens sive Dulcamara flore albo, C. B. P. 167. S. Dulca- 

mara L.,/. alba. 

1001. S. scandens sive Dulcamara marina, Raii Syn. 149. S. Dulca- 

mara L. var. marinum Bab. 

1002. Arbuscula plicatilis Virginiana baccifera, Pruni foliis, floribus 

subviridibus corymbatim dispositis. Arbusculum Ameri- 
canum amplexicaule, Cerasi folio corymbosum, Pluk. Aim. 
p. 48, Tab. 146, 2. The Poyson Wyth of Virginia. 



SUFI'K utxl.es 295 

1003. Rubus vulgaris fructu nigro foliis variegatis. Cit. Eubus 
fruticosus L. 
*1004. R. spinosus foliis et flore eleganter laciniatis, Tourn. I. R. H. 
614. Rubus foliis eleganter dissectis, D. Fagon, Pluk. Tab. 
108, 4. 

1005. R. vulgaris spinis carens, H. R. Par. Rubus non spinosus 
major fiuotu nigro, Bar. Icon. 

*1006. R. repens fructu caesio, C. B. P. 479. Rubus minor fructu 
caeruleo, J. B. 2, 59. Rubus minor, Dod. Pempt. 742. 
Rubus caesius L. 

*1007. R. Alpinus bumilis, J. B. 2, 61. Cbamaerubus saxatilis, C. B. P. 
479. Rubus saxatilis Alpinus, Clus. Hist. 118. E. saxa- 
tilis L. 

1008. R. palustris bumilis, J. B. Cbamaerubus foliis Ribes Anglioa, 

C. B.P. 480. Chamaemorus, Clus. Hist. 118. Cit. E. Cba- 
maemorus L., 494. 

1009. R. Idaeus spinosus, C. B. P. 479. Rubus Idaeus spinosus fructu 

rubro, J. B. 2, 57. Rubus, Dod. Pempt. 742. Cit. E. idaeus 
L., 493. 

1010. Idem fructu albo, ejusd. Cit. E. idaeus var. fi L., 493. 
*1011. Rubus Idaeus fructu nigro Virginianus, D. Banist, Pluk. Aim. 

Cit. E. oceidentalis L., 493. 
*1012. R. Idaeus maximus Americanus non spinosus flore roseo, fructu 
compressiore, Pluk. Aim. Rubus odoratus, Cornuti, 150. 
E. odoratus L. 

*1013. Clematis sylvestris latifolia, C.B.P. 300. Clematis latifolia 
dentata, J. B. 2, 125. Vitalba, Dod. Pempt. 404. Clematis 
Vitalba L. 

1014. C. latiore folio Vulgaris facie Virginiana. 

*1015. C. latifolia Caroliniensis Viornae facie semine longiore. 
C. Viorna L. 

*1016. C. sive Flammula repens, C. B. P. 300. Clematis sive Flammula 
scandens tenuifolia alba, J. B. 2, 227. Flammula, Dod. 
Pempt. 404. C. Flammula L. 

*1017. C. Boetica Clusio, J. B. 2, 226. Boetica, Clus. Hist. 123. 
Clematis peregrina foliis Pyri iucisis, C. B. P. 300. C. cir- 
rhosa L. 

*1018. C. Hispanica sive Viorna brevioribus foliis. An eadem e 
Lusitania, D. Petiver ? 

1019. C. caerulea repens, C. B. P. 300. Clematis sive Flammula flore 

caeruleo scandens, J. B. 2, 128. Clematis altera, Dod. Pempt. 
406. Cit. C. Vitioella L., 543. 

1020. C. purpurea repens, C. B. P. 300. Clematis sive Flammula 

flore purpureo scandens, J. B. 2, 128. Clematis purpurea, 
Tab. ic. 882. Cit. Hort. Cliff. 225, C. Vitioella L., 543. 



296 AEBORES ET FEUTICES 

1021. C. peregrina purpurea flore pleno, Eyst. Clematis purpuro- 
caerulea flore pleno, C. B. P. 301. Clematis purpurea flore 
pleno scandens, J. B. 2, 128. 
*1022. C. Virginiana scandens tenuiore folio, sapoi'e fervido. Pepper 
tree vulgo dicta. Virginia. Leaves of two distinct plants. 

1023. Cordis Indi folio et facie frutescens Curassavica latifolia, 

P. B. P., Pluk. Tab. 168, 6. 

1 024. C. Indi folio et facie frutescens Curassavica angustifolia, P. B. P., 

Pluk. Tab. 168, 5. 

*1025. Clematis Virginiana bederacea umbilicato folio flore papposo, 
H. R. P. Hedera monophylla Convolvuli foliis, Pluk. Tab. 
36, 2. Hedera Virginiana Clematitis facie, radice flave- 
scente, Hort. Cathol. Clematis Hederae folio H. R. Blesens. 
Moris. Menispermum canadensa L. 

1026. Eadem foliis sinuatis. 

1027. Clematis Lauri Alexandrinae foliis Capensis flore albo parvo 

stellato. Badminton. 

*1028. Capparis non spinosa fructu majore, C. B. P. 480. Capparis 
non spinosa, J. B. 2, 63. Capparis rotundifolia non spinosa, 
H. B. P. Two sheets, one Ex Hispania. Spineless form of 
Capparis spinosa L., teste N. E. Brown. 

*1029. C. spinosa fructu minore, folio rotundo, C. B. P. 480. Capparis 
spinosa, J. B. 2, 63. Capparis retuso folio, Lob. Icon. 635. 
Capparis vera rotundifolia. C. spinosa L. 

*1030. Capparis Indica spinosa angustiori Salicis folio, Paulpronee 
Malabarorum, Pluk. Mantiss. p. 36. 2, Tab. 341. ?Poso- 
queria latifolia Roem. & Schult. 

SUFFRUTICES EADICULIS SCANDENTES. 

*1031. Hedera arborea ex argenteo et viridi foliis eleganter variegatis, 
Pluk. Aim. Cit. Hort. Cliff. 74, Hedera Helix var. y L., 
202. 

*1032. H. Poetica, C.B.P. 305. Hedera Dionysias, Dal. Lugd. 1419, 
J. B. 2, 113. sive Chrysocarpos. Cit. H. Helix var. ^ L., 202. 

*1033. H. Clematitis Atragenis singular! folio splendente, Pluk. Tab. 
93, 1. A climher, Chelsey. 

1034. H. trifolia repens Canadensis, Comuti, 96. Vitis sylvestris 
trifolia, Park. 1556, et Hedera trifolia Virginensis ejusd. 
679. Toxicodendron triphyllon glabrum, Tourn. I. R. H. 
611. ?Cit. Rhus radicans L. 266=E. Toxicodendron L. 
(1. K.). 

*1035. H. trifolia Virginiana erectior et hirsutior. Leaves only. 
BhuB sp. 

1036. H. trifolia erecta Virginiana glabra. 



AKBORES CAUDICE SIMPLICI 297 

*1037. Hedera trifolia sinuatis et dentatis foliis Americana, Pluk. 
Aim. Khus sp. 

*1038. H. quinquefolia Canadensis, Cornuti, 100. Vitis hederacea 
Indica, Bodaei a Stapel. Vitis quinquefolia Canadensis 
scandens, Tourn. I. R. H. 613. Hedera quinquefolia L. = 
Vitis hederacea Ehrh. = Parthenoolssus quinquefolia (L.) 
Planch. (Brit. & Br.). 

1039. H. quinquefolia Virginiana, foliis profundius dentatis. 

1040. H. Poetica foliis ex argenteo variegatis. See No. 1032. 

1041. Bignonia. Jasminum hederaoeum Indicum, Cornuti. 

AEBOHES CAUDICE SIMPLICI NON EAMOSO. 

*1042. Palma dactylifera major vulgo, C. B. P. 506. Johnston Dend. 
1.2. Palma, J. B. 1, 351. Maha-Indi et Indi Zeylanensibus. 
Leaf of Phoenix daotylifera L. 

*1043. P. daotylifera Americana racemosa, C. B. P. Chamaeriphes 
peregrini, Clus. Exot. Carimpana, Hort. Mai. T. 1, 9. 
Barhadoes 91. A leaf, probably Thrinax sp. 

*1044. P. humilis sive Chamaeriphes spinosa ex Insulis Balearibus. 
Palma humilis spinosa, J. B. T. 1, 370. Chamaeropa 
humilis L. 

*1045. P. Amer. farinifera et papyrifera excelsissima, fructu parvo 
racemoso rotundo, nucleo instar Nucis moschatae variegato, 
Pluk. Aim. 275. Palma nobilis s. regalis Jamaioensis et 
Barbadiensis, Raii Hist. 1361. The Cabbage tree. ? Eu- 
terpe sp. 

1046. P. Indica coccifera angulosa, C. B. P. 508. Palma Indica 
Nucifera, J. B. T. 1, 375. Tenga, H. Mai. 1, 1. The Cokar 
Nut Tree. Cocos nucifera L. 
*1047. P. (forte) sive Phoenica scorpiuros aut Heliotropium Palmites 
spinosum Polygonati angustis foliis Madrasp., Pluk. Tab. 
106, 1. Calamus sp. 

1048. P. Americana spinosa, C. B. P. 507, Pluk. Tab. 103, 1. Palma 

Hayri, Park. Palma facie Hairi, J. B. T. 1, 193. 

1049. P. altera foliis alatis acutioribus. 

1050. P. Amer. pediculis et foliorum carinis, rarioribus et longissimia 

spinis aculeata, summis apicibus leviter serratis, PI. Aim. 
Schunda-pana, H. Mai. 1. 15. Palma Sirinamensis sagittaria, 
sive folio Polygonati longiori folio, validissimis spinis et 
longissimis horrido, Breyn. Prod. 2. 82. 

*1051. P. sagittalis. D. Richardson. 

1052. P. -pinus Amygdaloides ex Insula Barbadensi, PI. Aim. 278. 
An^gdalus Guianensis, Clus. Exot. 



298 ARBORES ET FRUTICES 

*1053. P. humilis longis latisque foliis, C. B. P. Item Ficus Imlica 
fructu racemoso, foliis oblongis, ejusd. Ficus Indioa race- 
mosa foliis et fructu amplissimis, Musa Arabibus dicta, Pluk. 
Aim. Bala, sive Musa Serapioris, H. Mai. 2, 27. Plantane 
tree. The tree Plantaine leaf, of lif^^ this is a Utile one, 
some of them being 16 or 20 feet long, whose fruit is good to eat. 
Cited Musa paradisiaca L., 1043. 

1054. Musae affinis altera, C. B. P. Ficus Indica racemosa foliis 

venustius venosis fiuotu minore, Banana dicta, Marcgr. 

1055. Arbor Americana Malabathrisubrotundis foliis, subtus lanugine 

ferruginea villosis, Pluk. Tab. 249, ex Surinam. 



1056. Viscum baccis albis, C. B. P. 423. Viscus Quercus et aliarum 
arborum, J. B. Tom. 1, 89. Cit. Viscum album L., 1028. 

*1057. V. quercinum Virginianum latiore et rotundiore folio, e Vir- 
ginia. ? Phoradendron flavessens Nutt. 

1058. V. arboreum. s. Epidendron flore albo specioso Americanum, 

foliis forma siliquarum Nerii, Pluk. Tab. 117, 6. Nerii 
siliquae effigie Eaye Baka, J. B. Tom. 2, 112. Fructus Nerii 
siliquae figura, C. B. P. 464, per errorem. Kaye Baka, Clus. 
Exot. lib. .3, cap. 19. Cit. Epidendrum nodosum L., 953= 
Brassavola nodosa Lindl. 

1059. V. caryophylloides maximum flore tripetalo, pallide luteo, 

semine filamentoso, Sloan. Cat. Jam. p. 76. Visci modo 
arboribus Indieis adnascena, C. B. P. p. 423. Viscum 
Indicum aliud, J. B. Viscum Indicum seu Peruvianum 
aliud Aloes facie arboribus item innascens, Adv. p. 425 et 
455. Vid. Phil. Transact. No. 251, April 1699. 

1060. V. Indicum folio oblongo serrato flore Periclymeni. Cherry 

mel cheddy, Indigenia dictum. 

1061. V. Indicum e Malo Limoniae sylvestri enascens. 

*1062. Epidendron quoddam Africanum, e Cod. Comptoniano. A 
drawing. 

1063. Planta Indica ex Arborum annosarum truncis excrescens sar- 

mentosa, Kabolossa, Hermann!. (See p. 316.) 

1064. Epidendron Barbadiense Pseudo-orchidis folio. An Arna sive 

Ana vereca, Zan. Ist. fig. IX. 

1065. E. Aurantiacum Barbadiense. 

1066. Vitus Malabarica fere beptaphyllos, H. sic. Pet., Raii, Vol. 3, 

p. 249. 

1067. Bryonoides trifoliatum Indicum foliis succulentis crassis et 

crenatis, D. Pluk. Tab. 152. 2. e Madrasp. See No. 950. 



i.i(iHOSA jjjcuuGNITA 299 

LIGNOSA INCOGNITA AUT PEOPRIIS KOMINIBUS CAKENTIA. 

'106S. An Aceris species ? Aceris fructu herba anomala, flo. tetrapet. 

alb., D. Sloan. Tab. 127. Begonia sp. 
*1069. Alder tree, Barbadoes, bearing Berrys. It hath leaves like to 

our nut tree, pretty large tree. Conooarpua erectua L, 
1070. Alia marram. 1071. Aly curry. 

1072. Alnifolia Americana serrata, floribus pentapetalis albis in 

spicam dispositis, Pluk. Tab. 115, 1. Cit. Clethra alni- 
folia L., 396. 

1073. Alegator tree or Pear. ? Fersea gratissima Gaertn. 

1074. Ambulan, Hort. Mai. 1075. Ameny Inch. 
*1076. Animall tree of Barbadoes. 

1078. Alia marram. 

*1079. Arbor Aristolocbiae foliis Madraspatana fructu parvo Medicae 
ad instar involute. An Gnmmi elemi fundens arbor orien- 
talis, Pluk. Tab. 13, 2. 
10^0. A. Africana Ziziphi foliis odoratis. 

1081. A. aromatica e Cormandel Lauriuis foliis binis ternisve, Raii 
Hist., Vandell Indorum. 
*1082. A. Africana cujus Lignum AIno simile, Hermanni. 

1083. A. Laurifolia fructubus Carpattam referentibus, Herman. 
Boharal Carpatta vulgo. 

'10S4. A. Amer. Oleo melliflua cuspidatis foliis, Pluk. Aim. 43. True 
Honey Tree of Barbadoes. 91. Two sheets. ? Casearia sp. 
The second sheet is labelled — TFiYrf honey tree hath leaves like 
Apncocks ajid bears little round fruits or berryes, swset as 
honey at first but not soe afterward. (See p. 317.) 

*1085. A. Americana convolvulacea, Pluk. Aim. p. 45. Broad leaf, 
a tree of Barbadoes. 91. Cit. Tetraoera volubilis L., 533 et 
Hoit. Chff. 214. 

*1086. A. Americana ampliori folio trinervi inferius alba lanugine 

incano, Pluk. Tab. 250, 2. Forte racemosa Brasiliana foliis 

Malabathri, Breyn. Cent. 1. ex Surinam. Miconia holo- 

sericea DC. 
*1087. A. Amer. foliis a concursu neiTorum ima parte longius pro- 

ductis, subtus lanugine candicante tomentosis, PI. T. 249, 1. 

M. Plukenetii Naud. 
*1088. A. Amer. trinervis latioreque folio, ex adverse lanugine pube- 

scente. ? Bellueia sp. 
*1089. A. Amer. latiore et mucronato folio trinervi, utrinque glabro 

et margine leviter orenate, Pluk. Tab. 249, 4. Mespil boom. 

B. Grossularioides Triana=B. Aubletii Naud. 
*1090. A. Syrinamensis Canellae folio maximo utrinque glabre, Pluk. 

Tab. 249, 5, Aim. p. 40. B. Aubletii Naud. 



300 AEBORES ET FBTJTICES 

*1091. Arbor Amer. trinervi latissimo folio utrinque glabro. B. Au- 
bletii Naud. 

1092. A. Amer. folio praegrandi aouminato, venuste venoso aversa 
parte villis virentibus obsito ad pediculum striotiore, Pluk. 
Tab. 250, 4. 

*1093. A. Amer. praelongo et angusto mucronato folio inter Garyo- 
phyllum et Piper Orientale medio sapore aromatico, ex 
Syrinam, Pluk. Tab. 250, 6. 

*1094. A. Amer. densioribus foliis prona parte villosis eupina splenden- 
tibus glabris. Pluk. Tab. 250. 3. ex Surinam. 

*1095. A. Syrinamensis Laurinis foliis amplis, ad basin rotundioribus. 
Bonana ex Syrinam. 

*1096. A. Amer. Lauri folio e latitudine in longiorem mucronem ad 
pediculum exporrecto. 

*1097. A. Amer. Lauri folio longiore ac acutiore ad unum latus ad 
pediculum magis extenso. 

*1098. A. Amer. Laurifolia, folio in acutiorem mucronem producto. 

*1099. A. Amer. Laurifolia, folio ad pediculum uncialem in acumen 
producto. 

*1100. A. Amer. Laurifolia venis a nervo medio pene quadratim 
exeuntibus. 

*1101. A. Amer. Lauri folio obtusiore. 

*1102. A. baccifera Abutili foliis lanugine ferruginea villosis, PI. 
Mantiss. 19. Punnanganarre, Malabar. Peragu, Hort. Mai. 
Part. 2, fig. 25. Sent from Fori St. George bij Dr. Edw. 
Biilkley, 1705, without a name. Gmelina arborea L. 

*1103. A. Indica ovali folio flosculis plurimis in spicis summo ramulo 
dispositis acinifera. Pluk. Mantiss. p. 22, 1, Tab. 339. 1. 
Cit. Antidesma alexiterla L., 1027. 

*1104. A. odorifera Syrinamensis, foliis pene ovalibus ad pediculum 
cordatum sinum patientibus. Walilaag. 

*1105. A. Syrinamensis Laurifolia, foliis glabris latis ex ovali forma 
acuminatis. Arhor Laurifolia folio pedali, dicta Tamepay 
hoom. ex Surinama. 

*1106. A. Laurocerasi forma, Ambrosia dicta ex Syrinama. 
1107. A. Laurifolia fructubus Carpattam referentibus. Hermann! 
Bokaral. Carpatta vulgo. 

*1108. A. Margaratifera. 

*1109. A. Lauri folio pedali, pediculo brevissimo. 

*1110. A. Lauri folio acuto pediculo unciali, ex Syrinama. 

*1111. A. odorifera Lauri folio obtusiore, ex Syrinama. 

*1112. A. Syrinamensis, folio Mali-citri. 

*1113. A. Syrinamensis Lauri folio splendente breviore. 



LIQNOSA INCOGNITA 301 

*1114. A. Jamaicensis Lauri foliis prona parte cupri expolit.i coloris 
fulgentibus, et quasi sandyoe tinctis. Chrysodendros Amer., 
Pluk. Tab. 263, 2. Starr Apple, Cainito Plum. Chryso- 
phyllum Linn. Chryaophyllum Cainito L. 

*1115. A. Salawaoc. Lauri folio fructu filo longo terminante, floribus 
ex utrioulo quasi prodeuntibus. Mus. Pet. 610. Act. Phil. 
No. 276. p. 1021. Petiver. Bassia sp. 

*1116. A. Portoricensis spinosa laotescens foliis Polypodii, H. Beau- 
mont. 

*1117. A. tristia v. Jasminum, arb. &c. Sent from Fort St. George ly 

Dr. Edw. Bulldey. Nego mully. Khinaoanthus communis 

Nees. 
*1118. A. Zeylanica Cotini foliis, subtus lanugine villosis, floribus albis 

cuculi modo laciniatis. Pluk. Aim. Phyt. Tab. 241, 1. Cit. 

Chionanthus zeylonica L., 8 ; but the specimen is C. vir- 

ginica L. 

1119. A. Zeylanica vioem Crooi supplens. An Oenopliae species, 

Herman. Welikaha ab Incolis dicta. 

1120. A. Barbadiensis Cisti foliis ferrugineis hirsutis, circa cauleni 

ad intervalla confertis, Pluk. Tab. 144. 

1121. Arbuscula Americana baccifera flosculis comosis et foliorum 

Tremae Brasiliensium aemulis, Pluk. Mantiss. p. 22, Tab. 339. 
An Vitis Idaea ex Terra Mariana ? 

*1122. A. Jamaicensis quinque-nervis minutissime dentatis foliis et 
caule pubescentibus, flosculis ex sinu foliorum gemellis, 
Pluk. Aim. p. 40, Tab. 264, 1. Melastoma hirta L., 390 = 
Clidemia hirta D. Don. 

1123. A. Syrinamensis et Antegoana foliis venosis superna parte 

glabris, subtus densa lanugine Veluti instar velatis, Pluk. 
Aim. 40, Tab. 250, 1. Pilboom et Piolboom. 

1124. A. trifolia Zeylanica Piperis flore et spica. 

*1125. A. corymbosa Indiae Orient, folio flrme ovali flgura, Pluk. 
Mantiss. p. 22, et Apocynum umbellatum albam latiore 
folio tetraphyllum. Ejusd. p. 16, Tab. 335. Narwooly 
marram. ? Cordia sp. 

*1126. A. Jamaicensis pentaneuros foliis crassis leviter dentatis, 
superne facie ferruginea, prona candicante, et moUi lanu- 
gine villosia, Pluk. Tab. 264, 3, Aim. p. 40. Clidemia sp. 

*1127. A. Jamaicensis Malabathri angustioribus foliis leviter orenatis, 
superna facie per siccitatem nigris, subtus autem argenteis, 
et prae laevore splendentibus, Pluk. Aim. p. 40, Tab. 265, 1. 

*1128. A. Vetagadu Malabaricae similis e Madraspatan, Pluk. Tab. 
148, 3. 
1129. Arengee. 1130. Asho maram. 

1131. Ashoda maram cum fructu. D. Du Bois. 



302 ARBORES ET FRUTiCES 

*1132. AUaChury. 

*1133. Attee maram. Anona squamosa L. 1134. Aulo polly. 

1135. Balsamum Capoiba, vulgo Capavae. To. Polus Lucaan. v. 

Terebinthus. ? Copaifera offloinalis L., ed. ii. 657. 

1136. Belly ake weed. A plant yi*^ a veiy odd pith, smells like 

Ginger. Barbadoes. Jatropha gossypifolia L. 

1137. Belamadagan, Hort. Mai. 
1188. An Berberidis species. H. R. H. 

1139. Spanish Balsam tree. St. Christophers. 
,1140. Arbor aromatica. The great Balsame, Chelsey. 
*1141. Betle. Antidesma Ghesaembilla Gaertn. 
*1142. Birch tree. Barbadoes. 9i. ?BurseraEp. 

1143. Biti Malabaricae accedens. Arbor Madraspatana flo. pecu- 

liari, Pluk. Phyt. T. 18, f. 1. Siliquosus Madrasp. Frutex 
Glycyrrhizae foliis alternis, Mus. Pet. n. 476, v. Capparis 
fabago. 

1144. Bully wee. 1145. Another Birch tree, Barbadoes. 
1146. Another Birch tree, Barbadoes. 

*1147. Bombu, Hermanni. Symplocos spicata Roxb. 
*1148. Broad leafed Bark. St. Christophers. ?TermmalialatifoliaSw. 
*1149. Buccana marram. 1150. Buzzee tree, from Africa. 

1151. Callamettee, Planta Madraspatana floribus labiatis ad radicem 
conglomeratis, Mus. Pet. 638. 
*1152. Cant. Vitelly & Caut. VituUee. Sent from Fort St. George hj 

D''. Edw. BulUey, 1701. ? SmUax "Wightii A. DC. 
*1158. Carra nucheel. Sent from Fort St. George hy Dr. Edward 
Bulkley 1701. 
1154. Carappa arbor, Hermanni. ? Carapa moluccensis Lam. 
*1155. Carpobalsamum. 
1156. An Caryophyllus arbor, ex Syrinama. 
*1157. Cassather or Cassava tree or bush, «/'' a large leafe divided into 
6 or 7 long parts . . . Jatropha Maniliot L. 

1158. Cassia berry bush, from Maryland. 

1159. An Cat-ambulam, H. Mai. Tom. 1. Tab. 50. An Cambogium ? 

1160. Capraria Curassavica, Cabritta vulgo Lusit., Par. Bat. prod. 

p. 110. 

1161. Canna fist. St. Christophers. 1162. Cassapia, G. L. 
*1168. Cassavar ex Surinama. 

1164. Cassena trees, 2 sorts. Darby. 
*1165. Cassia lignea Jamaicensis, Laureolae foliis subcinereis, cortice 
Pi peris modo acri, Pluk. Aim. p. 89, Pluk. Tab. 81, 1. 
Cinamon tree, Barbadoes 91. Laurus Winterana L., 871 
= Canella alba Murr. 



LIGNOSA INCOGNITA 303 

*1166. Cauvumbae cheddy. *1167. Caury. 

1168. Caut eludi. 1169. Cauton onna. 

1170. Cautoo mola marani. *1171. Cauty pilla. 

*1172. Bastard Cedar, Bai-badoes, .9i. Cenchramidea Loti arboi-is fol. 

Sfc, Fl. Tab. 156. 4, Aim. 92. ? Cedrela odorata L. 

*1173. Challoo marram. *1174. Chamboo Navell. 

1175. Champneam, H. Mai. Champne, C. B. 

1176. Chamgum goupee. 

*1177. Charamei Acostae foliis Pyri, J. B. Arbor exotica fruotu 
racemose, Charamais dicta, C. B. Charamei, Park. Purgeing 
corner'd Hasle nut, Pluk. Mantiss. p. 45. The name may 
refer to Jatropha Curcas L., but the specimen is not that 
species. 

*1178. Cheek Stones. An Lobus echinatus, Ger. ? Good in Dropsies. 
Barbados. 

*1179. Chendoe curry pilla, Pluk. Aim. Tab. 299, 1. Sent from Fort 
St. George hy Di: Ediv. Biilkley 1700. On the same sheet as 
No. 1178. 

1180. Chendu marram. 

*1181. Cherry mel cheddy. Sent from Fort St. George hy D''. EdnA 
BuVcley 1700. 

*1182. Chevy Cungy. 

*1188. Chirgulla. ? Carissa spinarum A. DC. 
*1184. Chittauny ohetty. 

*1185. Chrysodendrum Africanum. Gooetboom, Hermanni. Gout 
tree. Protea lanceolata B. May = Aulax cneorifolia 
Knight. 
*1186. Collar Collai. *1187. Collar Enindy. 

1 188. Colarma Velangy et Movenam Camboo. An Garlick Pear ? 
*1189. Colla Coridy. Pet. Mus. 375. From Fort St. George. 

1190. Coletty maano. 
*1191. Conacoy. An Cassiae fistulae species. 

*1192. Concausia. 1193. Condan Guttry. 1194. Conna maram. 
1195. Coorytugree. 1196. Coreatty. 

*1197. Cooty marram. *1198. Coraiin. 

1199. Cortex Peruvianus, vid. Amygdalus. 
*1200. Coryli folio arbor Curassavica, Par. Bat. Prod. 
*1201. Coryli s. Avellanae folio oblongo et acuminate, Prutex con- 
volvulaceus, capreolatus Americanus, P. B. P., Pluk. Tab. 
162, 3. An Hopwood Barbadiens. Two sheets; to one 
Dillenius has added this is very different from ye other under 
ye same name, the specimens don't agree well neither with 



304 AEBORES ET FRUTICES 

Pluk. T. 162. 3 nor T. 201. f. 4. Vitis sp., teste N. E. 
Brown. 

The second sheet is further labelled Clematis Barhadiensis 
capreoUs donata, Loti arhoris folio. Chelsey. 
*1202. Coumelan Chedde. *1204. Cuddy amee. 

*1205. Cullary eheddy. *1206. Cuttaingee marram. 

1207. Cuttan eheddy. *1208. Davadam. 

*1209. A sort of Dogwood from Barbadoes. 91. 

*1210. Ea Sheddy. Dillenius has written Ea Chedde nomine Acaciae 
species est in Mantissa p. 1 sed diversa ab hac. 

1211. Ebony. 1212. Ellawooe, & Catagoe. Ellaven. 

1213. Elanda maram. *1214. Elder leaf, St. Christophers. 

*1215. Ellaeooty maram. Pu-WaUi, Uort. Malab. vii, Tab. 42, similis 
arbor Maderaspaiana, Ella-cooty-maram Malabarorum, Pluk. 
Aim. p. 179. 
1216. Ettee Maram. 1217. Elly pandooe. 

*1218. Fiddle wood. Barbadoes. Citharexylum S;e. Pluh.Alm. p.108, 

Tab. 162, f. 1. Citharexylum cinereum L. 
*1219. Filum arboreum tenuissimum et candidissimum, J. B. T. 1, 
p. 348. An Fill tenuiss. glomus ex arboris cortice, Clus. 
Exot. p. 6. 
*1220. Fire sprig tree of Barbadoes, is a great tree, tcith large green 
thin leaves, broader then Laurell, with fruit or Bemjes on dry 
ground. Quararibea turbinata Poir. 
1221. Largest Fire sprig. 1222. Lesser Fire sprig. 

*1223. Frutex Africanus euonymi folio breviore, H. R. H. 294. 
1224. FruticuluB capsularis hexapetalos Cassiae Poet., foliis brevio- 
ribus et angustia, Pluk. Tab. 183, f. 6. An Tjeru-Kirganeli, 
H. Mai. part 20. 

*1225. PiTitex trifolius sarmentosus monocarpos, Radaelijawael 
Hermanni. Zeyl. Hermann's specimen. Connarus mono- 
carpus L. 

1226. Garlick Pear Tree. Barbadoes. A name for Crataeva 

gynandra L. 

1227. Globe tree. J. Darby. 

1228. Grape tree from St. Christophers, v. Uvifera arbor. ?Coceo- 

loba uvifera L. 

1229. Grape tree from Barbadoes. An Scortea arbor Amer., PI. 

T. 222, 8 ? ? Cooooloba sp. 

1230. Gheriaethigas. 1231. Guavar maram. 1232. Gum boom. 
1233. Hassagay tree. Arbor Africana ex cujus ligno Hottentotti 

tela jaculatoria Hassagay dicta conficiunt, Hermanni. An 
Isagar NuxVom. The name is referred to Cur tisiafaginea 
Ait. 



LIGNOSA INCOGNITA 305 

*1234. Helicteres arbor Indiae Orientalis siliqua varicosa et funiculi 
in modum oontortuplicata, Pluk. Aim. p. 181, Tab. 245. 2. 
Vellum berry Cheddy. Helicteres Isora L. 
1235. Hercules tree. 1236. Black Honey, a sbrubbie tree. Barbadoes. 

1237. Wild Honey tree. Barbadoes (see p. 317). 

1238. Wbite Hop tree. Barbadoes. AsortofWyth. 

1239. Wild Hopps. Barbadoes. ? Hyptis eapitata Jacq. 

1240. laca Madraspatana fructu Sparganii, Pet. Rutrasha caudamba. 
*1241. Iddumbyly marram. *1242. Hlapy. 

1243. Inga, Pis. ? Tlarenboom. 
*1244. Ivana maram. Ichnocarpua frutesoens R. Br. 

1245. Ipecacuanha, vid. Chamaepericlymenum. 

1246. Jack in a box. A large strait tree. Barbadoes. Pi. ?Her- 

nandia sonora L. 

1247. Jampaba, Pis. 1248. Jasmine tree. 

*1249. Kaukin Indorum, Breynii Cent. 1. Elingi, Hort. Mai. 
Mungunumal, Hermanni. Mimusops Elengi L. 

1250. Killepy marram. 

*1251. Kitchelly, an Limo? From Foii S'. George. Triphaaia tri- 
foliata DC. = T. Aurantiola Lour. 

1252. Kohockmal, Herman. 

*1258. LabloUy, Barbadoes, is a great tree bearing large gross leaves 
about a foot long allmost of an ovall forme drawne to points, 
and bears herryes, grows on dry ground. Cordia maoro- 
pliylla L. 

1254. Lauri facie Curassavica, e cujus radice atramentum conflciunt 

Americani. Par. Bat. Prod. 

1255. Laurifolia Javanica splendens ? H. R. H. 68. 

*1256. Laurifolia fructu parvo typhoide non papposo gemello siliquaa 
aemulante ; Arbuscula e Madraspatan, Pluk. Aim. p. 211, 
Tab. 96. lohnocarpus frutesoens R. Br. 

*1257. Leathercoat tree, Barbadoes 91. An Scortea arbor Amer. 
amplissimis foliis aversa parte nervis extantibus hirsutie 
ferruginea refertis, PI. Tab. 222. 8. ? Aim. 38. Coccoloba 
pubescens Jacq. = C. grandifolia Jacq. 

1258. Light Rowiem. A Barbadoes tree. 

*1259. Lignum Corallinum. H.Beaumont. Leaves of a Myrtaceous 
plant, fruit of a Leguminous plant, teste N. E. Brown. 

1260. Lignum ferreum Curassavicum. 

1261. Mammee supporta (Sapota). Naurovela Chedde. ? Lucuma 

mammosa Gaertn. 

1274 X 



306 AKBOEES ET FEUTICES 

*1262. Manghala arbor Curassavica foliis ealiginis, Par. Bat. Prod. 
Frutici innominati instar salicis pumilae accedens, 11 Marc- 
grav. H. R. H. 147. 

1263. Mangraue grape. ? Coocoloba uvifera L. 

1264. Mangroue. 

*1265. Mannullee. Holarrhena antidysenterica Wall. 
''1266. Medicin boom ex Surinama. 
*1267. Mitta gamba. From Dr. Richardson. 
1268. Modei-a canni, H. Mai. Tom. 2, f. 19. 
*1269. Mulepo chedde. *1270. Mulla Rundy. 

* 1 27 1. Mun Jack leaf. St. Christophers. Cordia maoropbylla L. 
*1272. Mutty maram. 
*1273. Nago-mully. Sent from Fort St. George hy Dr. Edw. BulUey 

1702. Rhinacanthus comrminiB Nees. 
*1274. Nam Cassa. 1275. Naudy aoy totckoree. 

1276. Nanjaroopa. Baccif. *1277. Narree naga marram. 

*1278. Narri Coraccoi. 1279. Narrum gongee. 

*1280. Nary Corundoo. Atalantia m.onoph.ylla DC. 
1281, Naurovela Chedde. 1282. Nechetty. 

*1283. Neen neringy. *1284. Neerady maram. Pluk. T. 4:23, f. 1. 

*1285. Neer cheddy. *1286. Neer roattee. Picus sp. 

*1287. Nelingy maram. 
*1288. Nux Syrinamenais trinervis folio amplo mucronato. Noot 

Euniload. 
*1289. Nilly maram. 1290. Juis Nut or Jews Nut. Barbados. 

*1291. Oepata, Hort. Mai. T. 4, f. 45? Ex Ind. Orient. Cit. Avi- 

cennia officinalis L., 110; but the specimen is Pterocarpua 

Marsupium Roxb. 

1292. Paco. The nut eaten w"i Betle. An Palma ? 9Areca 

Catechu L. 

1293. Palamaletta ex Surinam. 1294. Palan chedde. 
'1295. Panel Madraspatana folio angustissimo mucronato; An Narum- 

panel, H. M. Vol. 2, Tab. 10. Raii Hist. p. 1629. Mus. Pet. 

n. 666. From India hy the names of Adjou maram d- Asho 

maram. A second sheet Sent from Fort S' George hy 

D"' Edward BulUey 1701 Adjoe. Both are Polyalthia 

longifolia B. & H. 
1296. Palisada boom. 
*1297. Paputty. Argyreia populifolia Choisy. 
1298. Parculla. PeacuUa and Paygellay Chedde. Fort St. George. 
X299. Pauregera melle chedde. Dr. Plucknefs Chrysanthemum. 

Orellanae folio &c., mistaken by an imperfect specimen. 

An Arbor tristis? 



LIGNOSA INCOGNITA 307 

*1300. Peamusliattee & Paputty. Sent from Fort St. George in the 

East Indies. Argyreia populifolia Choisy. 
*1301. Pela Hermanni. 

1302. A Plant pull'd from a Rock. A Bacciferous Shrub. Bar- 

badoes. 
1308. Pelandy cheddy. *1304. Pelan [Peran] marram. 

*1305. Perincorung. 1806. Peringotan. 

*1807. Pinny maram. Calophyllum Inophylliim L. 
*1308. Pogudda Chad. Mimusops Elengi L. 

*1809. Poongally marram. Sent from Fort St. George by Dr. Edto. 
Bulkley, 1700. 

1310. Ponanga ohedde. *1811. Ponanga nary marram. 

1312. Praya maram. 

1313. Priapus vegetabilis, Bandura Zinghalensium, Breyn. Prod. 

Nepenthes distillatoria L. 

*1314. Pungo marram. Pongamia glabra Vent. 
1315. Pyecrust. A large tree as big as an Apple tree. Barbadoes. 
*1316. Wild Rosmary of Barbadoes. ? Croton Casearilla Benn. 
*1817. Sage Tree. Portugall. 

1318. Wild Sage of 2 sorts. Barbadoes. ?Lantanaspp. 

1319. Sally tree, a great one. Barbadoes. 

1820. Black Sally Tree, Barbadoes. 

1821. Black Sanders or Sandall, Mus. Pet. 623, 
1322. Saponaria arbor ?, Chelsey. 

*1323. Seringowmilam. 1324. Sewin. 1325. Sheranlan Chedde. 
1326. Sideroxylum, lignum ferrea duritie, folio subrotuado, P. B.P., 
H. R. H. 51, Pluk. Aim. 346. 
*1327. Snowdrop-tree. Darby. Kalesia tetraptera L. [Mohro- 

dendron Carolinum (L.) Britton.] 
*1328. Sona mully. Sent from Bombay by mij bro. Ban' du Bois, 1702. 
*1329. Stoper Berry. 
1330. Spirit weed. IJs'd to dress horses in Barbadoes. ? Ruellia 
tuberosa L. 
*1331. Sweet tuft, Br. Pr. 2. *1332. Tabaccoota maram. 

1383. Taccamahacca foliis temis crenatis, H. Beaumont. 
1334. Tacca cotan maram. 
*1335. Tannego marram. Vitis sp. 1336. Tavessy marram. 

*1837. Taeta maram. ? Strychnos potatorum L. f. 
1388. Tarenny. 1389. Tettama Coutta, 

1840. Tekka Indorum. Arbor Laurifolia. 
1341. Tepel berry, Barbadians. 

X 2 



308 ARBOEES ET FEUTICES 

1342. Tetragonocarpos Africana fruticans, foliis longis et angustis, 
H. Amst. part 2, 205. ?Tetragoiiia fruticosa L. 
♦1343. Trifolia arbor Zeylanica, spicato flore albo, seminibus siccia. 
Kobbenna, Hermanni. Woodgo Meram. AUophylus Cobbe 
Blume. 

1344. Thruta Chucca. 1345. Tilla marram. 

1346. Toletty marram. 1347. Tolutee. 

1348. Tumboo maram. 1349. Tuta cheddy. 

1350. Varrool Pelandy. 1351. Vanea, Hermanni. 

1352. Vellay alengy. 1353. Vella coraccoy. 

1354. Vellay Tillapa. 1355. Velly curca. 

1356. Vennango maram. 1357. Verra pillandee. 

1358. Unangoree. 

1359. Uvifera arbor Occidentalis folio rotundo, Obe vulgo, P. B. Prod. 

Uvifera arbor Tabaccensis, De Laet., Eaii Hist. ? ? Cooeo- 
loba sp. 

1360. Uvifera arbor Orientalis folio longo, Champacan,H. Mai. Arbor 

Laurifolia Chinensis, Raii H. Tgjampaca Indorum sive Arbor 
Uvifera Indica foliis Lauri Americanae, Br. Prod. 2. Cit. 
Micbelia Champaea L., 536. 

1361. Uvifera ? Grape Tree. From the West Indies w"! a lai^e 

leafe almost like Rubarb. ? Cooooloba sp. L. (see Nos. 1228 
and 1263). 

1362. Uvifera maritima Barbadiensis. ? Cooeoloba sp. 

1363. Wandy marram. 

1364. Wee, wbite water Marjonum, Commelin. 

1365. Wellay ingee. 1366. Wemboo marram. 

1367. Red Willow, Barbadoes. 

1368. Beef wood. A name for Casuarina sp. 

1369. Beef wood tree, Barbadoes. Ardisia coriacea Sw. 

1370. Bitter wood, Barbadoes. 

1371. Black wood tree, Barbadoes. 1372. Darwood. 

1373. Black Dog Wood. A name for Piscidia Erythrina L. 

1374. Fiddle wood tree, Barbadoes, Hampt. C. ? Citharexylum 

(see No. 1218). 

1375. Another Fiddle wood, Chelsey. 

1376. Timber Fiddle wood, Barbadoes. 

*1377. Red-wood tree, Barbadoes. 91. Arlor Anier. haccif. Myrtifol. 
viminaUhus viryis s. flagellifera major, Pluk. Tah. 139, 6, 
Aim. p. 46. ?Brythroxylum sp. 

1378. Prickly red-wood, Barbadoes. An Ibara pitanga s. lign. 

rubrum, Pis. ? 

1379. Bastard sweet-wood, Barbadoes. 



ALPHABETICAL LIST 309 

1380. Another Bastard sweet-wood, Barbadoes. 

1381. White wood tree, Barbadoes. ?Teoonia leuooxylon Mart. 

1382. White berry Wyth, Barbadoes. 1383. Ironwood. 

1384. Milkwood tree. Pseudomedia spuria Griseb. 

1385. Small rod wood. 1386. Spirit wood. 1387. Sweet wood tree. 

1388. White Rod Wood. Calyptranthes Chytraculia Sw. 

1389. Tellow-wood of Bermudas. 

1390. Woota cheddy. 1391. Wootall curry. 

1392. Wootan Cody, and Woonam CuiTy. 

1393. Woodga-maram. Trifolia arbor Zeylanica, spicato flore albo, 

seminibus siccis. 



Alphabetical List of Trees and Shrubs represented by specimens in 
the Herbarium, but not mentioned by Bobart in his MS. 

Acacia Amer. Rob. ex Hort. D. Ashmole. A". 1684. Robinia Pseud- 
acacia L. 

An Acacia ex Ins. D. Christoph. ? ITeptunia plena Benth. 

Acacia non spinos. Ind. Orient. Coluteae foliis, floribus stamineis 
amplis, siliqua Crustacea gemella Placentae in modum colorata, 
PI. Mantiss., Tab. 331, 1. Caut-wally maram. Phytogr. t. 331, 1. 
Albizzla Xiebbek Benth. 

Acer Benghalense Laurinis foliis, fructu tergemino totidem mem- 
brauulis extantibus alato, Pluk. Tab. 3, 1. Sent from Fort St George 
by D' Edw. Bulkley 1703. Hiptage Madablota Gaertn. 

A. tenuissimis et acutis foliis. ? Acer pictiun Thunb. 

A. Virginianum florescens, fol. subtus cinereis. A. saocharinum 
L. = A. dasycarpum Ehrh. 

Adhatoda affinis Champaccae Chamaedryos, folio subtus villoso, Mus. 
Petiv. n. 339. Sent from Port St George by D^ Edwd. Bulkley 1703. 
Pea Ellu & Nella Malle. Sesamum prostratum Retz. 

A. vertioillata erateogoni fol. Pet. Caony poo & Cullany poo. Sent 
from Port S' George by D' Edw. Bulkley 1704. Two sheets. 
? Hygrophila salicifolia Nees = H. angustifolia R. Br. 

Adiantum fruticosum Coriandri folio Jamaicense, pediculis foliorum 
politiore nitore nigricantibus, D. Pluk. Aim. 10, Tab. 254. Pso- 
phocarpus tetragonolobus DC. teste N. E. Brown. 

Alcanna Arabum. From S* Cruis in Barbary. Given me by M' John 
Aubrey a Gentleman of Wiltshire. The decoction whereof is 
excellent for tinging y* hair to a deep browne or allmost black 
colour, used w*'' Alkohul, a minerall, and against the Megrim & 
other diseases & pains of y" head. Laweonia inermis L. = L. alba 
Lam. 



310 AEBOEES ET FEUTICES 

Alni effigie lanato folio minor, C. B. Diospyros, J. B. Ad Balsamum 
Alpestre referri debet. Two sheets. AmelancMer vTilgaris 
Moench. 

Alnus nigra baceifera, J. B. Tom. 1. 560. Frangula sive Alnus Bacci- 
fera, Park. Shamnus Trangula L. 

Amygdalo similis Guatimalensis, C. B. Cacao Americas sive Avellana 
Mexicana, J. B. Fol. Cacoa, Ger. Theobroma Cacao L. 

Arbor D. Thomae minor. Arcanar marram. Mandaru Madi-aspatense 
fol. firmioribus parvis bisulcis glabris splendentibus ad surculum 
densius stipatis PI. T. 44, 6. Bauhinla malabarica Roxb. 

Arbor baccif. Orient. Lauri foliis crassia et venosis, per siccitatem 
atro nitentibus quasi vernice tinctis polypyrene, PI. T. 140, 2. An 
Perin panel, H. Mai. Part 5. Adrachne species. ? Arbutus 
Andrachne L. 

Arbor Canellifera Javanica cujus cortex forte Macer Javanis, Breyn. 
in Fasc. inedit. ? Cinnamomum Sintok Blume. 

Arbor Indica longis mucronatis integris foliis, fructu albicante, Nucis 
Palmae Indel dictae aemulo ; Asshogamaram Malabarorum, Pluk. 
Mant. P. 21 ; vid. S. Brown pi. 114. Polyalthla longifolia Benth. 
& Hook. f. 

Arbor salicis fol. argenteis conopbora. Argyrodendron Africanum. 
Silver tree or Atlas tree. Ijeucadendron argenteum R. Br. 

Arbuscula Amer. baccif. flosculis comosis et foliorum Tremae Brasi- 
liensium aemulis. An Vitis Idaea ex Terra Mariana PI. Mantiss. 
p. 22, Tab. 339. Vacoinium stamineum L. teste N. E. Brown. 

A. baceifera, Guajavae foliis Maderaspatana : Nanga-roopa, Pluk. Am. 
p. 30. Bridelia retusa Spreng. 

A. baceifera Maderaspatana Rhoidis folio triphylla & tetraphylla, 
floribus parvis racemosis : Woodgamarram Malabarorum, Pluk. Am. 
p. 31. Bischofia javanica Blume. 

An Arbuscula Barbadiens. amplexicaulis tripbylla, Pluk. Tab. 145, 4?. 
Sent from Port S* George by D' Edw* Bulkley 1703. Mile addy & 
Mila larree Ela. Agni Casti Sp. H. M. Vitex alata Willd. 

A. Bisnagarica Aceris folio parva aculeata, foliis e regione binis, D. L. 
PL T. 14, 4. A second sheet has in addition ' A. Zeylanica Aceris 
folio baceifera foliis e directo magis angulosis ', D. L. PI. T. 14, pi. 3. 
Both are Gmelina asiatica L. 

A. e Madrasp. fol. Aceris altema vice lucide virent., T>. L. PI. T. 14, 2. 
From Fort S* George. Sent at divers times by the names of Nella 
Comul, Nella Coomool, Nella Comra, & Coumelan Chedde. G. asia- 
tica L. 

A. Maderaspatana, oblongis & mucronatis foliis singularibus, floribus 
tetrapetalis et purpureo-flavicantibus, ad ortum foliorum pro- 
deuntibus ; Coory tugree Malabaror., Pluk. Amalth. p. 30. Dio- 
spyros sp. 



ALPHABETICAL LIST 3H 

A. M. Ulmifolia. Palam chedde Malabarorum, Pluk. Am. p. 30, & p. 
211, pi. 6. ? Streblus asper Lour. 

A. mariana Ligustri fol. ternis, &c. PL Mantiss. Tab. 239. Chamae- 
rhododendron Marianua Ligustri foliis nunoribus. Kalmia angus- 
tifolia L. 

A. Zeylanica Aceris folio baceifera foliis e directo magis angulosis, PI. 
Tab. 14, 3. Cuddy Commoole. Gmelina asiatioa L. 

Aikenarmora. Bauhinia diphylla Buch.-Ham. 

Azedaracb. Two sheets ' Mully Terumbo ' and ' e Lusitania ' are 
Melia Azedaracli L. A third sheet ' Maryland ' is Khus Vemix L. 

Baceifera Madraspatana Castaneae folio non crenato, Mus. Pet. 618. 
Bridelia retusa Spreng. 

Berberis latissimo folio canadensis, H. R. Par. I. R. H. 614. Berberia 
canadensis Mill. 

Breyniana Capensis capitulis albis plumosis Pet. T. 5. Eriocephalus 
Bruniades Ericaefonnis Monomotapensis capit. globosum instar 
interius cavis et densa lanugine tectis, PL Mantiss. p. 69, 8, Tab. 
347. From y^ Cape of Good hope. Aspalathus divarlcata Thunb. 
teste N. E. Brown. 

Calabash Tree, the greater, which grows about the bigness of our 
Apple trees, the leaves about 6 inches long from a narrow bottom 
or onset, extending themselves to about 2 inches broad, the broadest 
part being within an inch and halfe of the top of the leafe. The 
flowers are somewhat resembling a Tulip. The fruit is round 
growing out of the body and limbs of the tree, w**" an hard shell 
full of pulp, and seeds of heart fashion, w'^i' containing 6 or 8 quarts 
serves for dishes, bowles and other such utensells. Crescentia 
Cujete L. 

Cedrus Bermudiana, Mus. nost. 779. e Bermuda. Juniperus ber- 
mudiana L. 

Chamaecistus Cap. B. S., Roris solis folio, Mus. Pet. 161. Droso- 
phyllum lusitanioum Link. 

C. folio pilosellae minoris Fuchsii, J. B. This plant flowers earlyer 
than the common Chamaecistus by a month, the flowers much 
smaller, & of a pale straw coloure. 1 found it plentyfully this year 
July Z^ 1713 growing upon the rocky precipice called Betram-Beuke 
and alsoe amongst the loose stones about 40 paces north of the 
fence wall about two miles west of Kendale in Westmerland the 
only place I ever found it in. Note by D' Richardson. Helian- 
theinuni camiTn Baumg. 

C. s. Helianthemum Alpinum folio Pilosellae minoris Fuchsii, J. B. 2, 
118. H. oanum Baumg. 

Chamaemorus Anglioa foliis Rub us, C. B. P. Eubus Chamae- 

morus L. 
Chamelaea Africana Lauri serralis foliis. Ifoltea africana Reichb. 



312 AEBOEES ET FEUTICES 

An Champneam, H.Mai. T. 1. Champne, C. B. P. ex Ind. Orientali. 
Eugenia Jambos L. 

Cherro navell. Phytogr. tab. 140, 2. Arbor Orient, baccif. Laurifol. 
crassis et venosis per siccitatem atronitentibua quasi vernice tinctis, 
polypyrene. Webera corymbosa Willd. = Tarenna zeylanioa 
Gaertn. 

CheiTy maram. Phytogr. 1. 122, f . 2 ? Albizzia odoratissima Benth. 

Cherry Mundary, D. PI. T. 44, 8. From Fort S' George. Eauhinia 
tomentosa L. 

Choona attee. Acacia pennata Willd. 

Cistus Alpinus humilis, foliis Thymi minutissimis, Pluk. Tab. 84, 5. 
Helianthemum thymifolium Pers. 

C. annuus erectus, H. E. Bles. H. ledifoliuin Mill. var. maorocarpum 

Willk. 

C. flore pallido punicante macula insignito, C. B. P. 465. Cistus 
annuus 2, Clusio. Cistus annuus flore maeulata Col. 2, 77. A 
second sheet with the addition of ' Tuberaria minor Myconi Lugd.' 
Both are H. guttatum Mill. 

C. foem. Portulacae marinae folio angustiore mucronato, 6, C. B. P. 
465. Halimi fol. 2, Clus. Hist. 71. D. Tournef. e Lusit. H. hali- 
mifolium Pers. 

C. folio Plantaginis, C. B. Tuberaria major nostras Myconi, J. B. 
Helianth. Plantaginis, folio. H. Tuberaria Mill. 

C. folio Spicae, C. B. 465. Cistus folio Lavendulae, Clus. Hist. 72. 
H. lavandulaefolium Mill. 

C. Halimi folio 1, Clus. 71. Cist. Halimi fol. obtusiore, 0. B. 465. 
Also a sheet from Tournefort labelled ' e Lusitania '. H. halimi- 
folium Pers. 

C. Ledon 8, Clus. H. Patt. Cistus humilis flo. luteo, Clus. H. Fu- 
mana Mill. 

C. sempervirens Laurifolia floribus eleganter bullatis Virginianus, 
PI. Tab. 161. Chamaerhododendros. Cit. Kalmia angustifolia L. 
391, but the specimens are K. latifolia L. 

Coccifera Buxi fol. oblongis & subrotundis, fr. cusp. &c., Pet. Mus. 
632. An Arbor canellifera sylvest. Japonica, folio minimo, Breyn. ? 
From S' George. Irrumbally. Diospyroa microphylla Bedd. 

Convolvulo similis villosa, fol. crassis subrotundis. e Madraspatan. PI. 
Tab. 25, 4. Narundaly Cuddy. Ipomoea coocinea L. 

Cornus mas odorata, fol. trifido margine piano, sassafras dicta, PI. Tab. 
222, 6. Arbor ex Florida ficulneo fol., C. B.P. Sassafras offici- 
nale Nees & Eberm. 

Corylus vulgaris. Corylus Avellana L. 



ALPHABETICAL LIST 313 

Crista Pavonis Breynei. Flower fenes, grows 8 or 10 f. high bearing 

leaves like sene but larger, the flowers almost like Indian Cress, 

w*!" long stamina. The seed cods are long flat. Pride of Barbadoes. 

Caesalpinia pulcherrima Sw. 
Crotalaria Asiatica foliis Lupin, flo. aureo. Genista Malabarioa 

pentaphylloides flo. amplo aureo flavescente, siliquis bullatis, 

Commelin. H. Mai. Tom. 9, p. 51. ? Crotalaria quinquefolia L. 
C. Asiatica fol. singulari cordiformi floribus luteis, H. Leyd. Bat. 201. 

Tandale cotti, H. Mai. Tom. 9, Tab. 25. C. retusa L. 
A specimen attached to the same sheet is probably C. panioulata 

WiUd. 
C. Asiatica fol. singulari verrucosa fl. coerul., H. L. B. 199. Peetandale- 

cotti, H. Mai. Tom. 9, p. 53. C. verrucosa L. 
C. Asiat. humilior floribus luteis amplioribus. C. laevigata Lam. 
C. Barbadiensis Salviae foliis villosis trifoliatis flore aureo. CajanuB 

indicus Spreng. 
C. Elatines fol. Cut by M' Petiver. From Port S' George by the 

names of Nir woodavy & Nella pedica. Two specimens on the same 

sheet. C. biflora L. and Heylandia latebrosa DC. 
C. Indica Orient. Salicis pumila angustioribus sericeis foliis, siliqua 

inflata brevi, Ellypundoe Malabarorum, Pluk. Am. p. 67, Tab. 386, 

fig. 7. Crotalaria prostrata Rottl. 
C. Malabarica sylvestris, foliis singularibus majoribus, floribus luteis, 

H. Mai. Tom. 9, Tab. 26. Genista Malabarica fol. singulari oblongo, 

flore flavo dilutiore, siliquis bullatis, Commelin p. 47. ? C. fulva 

Eoxb. 
Curry Vel. Acacia oaesia Wight & Am. 
Dictamno forte afiiuis Indica arboresc. Lauri Amer. foliis, s. Eobolium 

Zeylan. fol. laurinis, Br. pr. 2, 41. Adhatode Zeylonens., Mus. Zeyl. 

Adhatoda Vasica Nees. 
Doronicis aflBnis Planta Mariana Solidaginis saracenicae foliis, e 

regione binis, amplissimo melino flore, octopetalo, PI. Mautiss. 

T. 348, 3. Chelone glabra L. teste N. E. Brown. 
Dulcamara flore albo, C. B. Solanum Dulcamara L. var. album. 
Dulcamara marina. S. Dulcamara L. var. marinum Bab. 
Ebenus Creticus Ponae de mont. Baldo, Prosp. Alp. de Exot. Cytisus 

incanus Creticus, C. B. P. Barba Jovis Lagopoides Cretica frute- 

scens incana flo. spicato purpureo amplo, Breyn. Prod., El. Bot. 

651. Ebenus cretica L. 
Elatines folio pilosissima papilionaceo flore Madraspatana D. PI. 

Tab. 86, 4. v. PL T. 393, 1. Euphrasia. From ye Coast of 

Cormandel. Mr. N. E. Brown reports 'a South African plant, 

certainly not from Coromandel '. Priestleya serioea DC. 
Eleagnus major Virginiensis, folia sunt majora profundius crenata et 

magis acuminata, in caeteris vulgari similis est. D. Charleton. 

Myrica xalapensis H. B. & K. 



314 AEBORES ET FKUTICES 

Epidendron Indiae Orientalis, floribus et alis in spicam prodeuntibus : 
Cheddemeelchedde Malabarorum, Pluk. Mant. 68 ; an Cara-Kundel, 
H. Mai. 6, Tab. 33. Cben-y mel cheddy. Viscum. Sent from 
Fort St George by D^ Edw. Bulkley 1703. Two sheets. Loranthua 
longiflorus Dear. var. falcata Kurz. 

Erica Afric. floso. subhirsut. secundum ramulos dispositis, I. E. H. ? 
E. Cerinthoides coccinea Hermann!. Erica mammosa L. teste 
N. E. Brown. 

An Erica Afric. foL perexignis glabris, floribus in summis ramulis 
velut in umbella confertis, Pluk. Aim. 136, Tab. 279, 4. Crassula 
scabrella Haw. teste N. E. Brown. 

Erica humilis Rorismarini foliis, Unedouis flora, capsula Cistoide, 

Pluk. Phyt. Tab. 175, 1. Ledum palustre nostras Arbuti flore R. 

Synops. 142. Rosmarin. sylvest. minus nostras, P. Andromeda 

Pollfolia L. 
Erica major Scoparia fol. deciduis, C.B. E. arborescens floribus 

luteolis vel herbaceis minimis J. B. Cons folio 4, Clus. lEirica 

scoparia L. 
Erica Minor mont. flo. albo. Calliina vulgaris Hull, fl. alio. 
Ficus Ind. Orient, latiori folio Maderaspatana, fructu rotundo caly- 

culato sessili : Alia maram Malabarorum, Pluk. Am. p. 87. Ficus 

bengbialeiisis L. 
Gale Capensis llicis coccigerae folio. Mr. James Cunningliame first 

brought me this in fruit, which Mr. Staremberg at the Cape since 

tells me smells very pleasantly whilst growing and is much 

coveted by the Birds. It grows on the Sand hills about the Cape 

of Good Hope. Mus. nost. 774. Petiver. Myrica cordifolia L. 
Gale quae Myrto Brabanticae similis Caroliniensis humilior, fol. 

latioribus & magis serratis, Cat. Nat. Hist. 1, p. 13. Myrica ceri- 

fera L. 
Genist. alt. trifoliata Capensis. From the Cape of Good Hope. 

Psoralea aouleata L. teste N. E. Brown. 
Genista, an Tinctoriae species ? D. Evelyn. J. B. ? Genista tinc- 

toria L. 
Genista spinosa major brevibus aculeis, C. B. TJlex minor Roth. 
Genistae species, Capitis B. Spei. Aspalathus ferruginea Banks, 

teste N. E. Brown. 
An Genistae 2 species ? ex Hort. Episc. Lond. 1709. Indigo- 

fera sp. 
Guajava is a tree about the bigness of our Apple tree, 9 or 10 feet 

high, the fruit like medlars good to eat. On dry ground. Guava 

fructu albo. Guayava Indica fructu Mali facie. J. B. T. 1. Araca- 

miri, Pis. Guavar Maram. Mulacka Pela, H.M. p. 3. Three sheets. 

Psidium Guajava L. 
Indigo offic. Dale 324. S.B. 1, 57 & 5, 205. Indigofera tincto- 

ria L. 



ALPHABETICAL LIST 315 

Indigo sylvestris. ? Indigofera trifoliata L. 

Jasmini sp. Sent from Fort S' George by my Sister Mary du Bois 
1703. ? Dicliptera cuneata Neea. 

Jasminum pallido-coeruleum Persicum latifolium, Hunting 227, fig. 57. 
Syringa persica L. 

Kanden Kara, Hort. Mai. 5, Tab. 36. Varietas cum foliis ad basim 
latioribus. Ex Ind. Orient. Gmelina asiatiea L. 

Ledum alpinum foliis ferrea rubigine nigricantibus, C. B. Ledi 
Alpini genus alteram, CIus. Kbododendron ferrugineum L. 

Liquid-Ambari arbor &c., PI. T. 42, 6. Aim. 224. Styrax Aceris 
fol. Belli. Acer odorat. Virgin., H. Leyd. App. Ijiquidatabar 
styraoifl.ua L. 

Lycium latiore folio, D. Toumefort e Lusit. An Rhamnus Hispanicus 
Buxi folio, Toum. El. Bot. p. 593 ? Phyllanthus sp. 

Lycium Madrasp. Celastri folio. Pet. Mus. 431. Lycium Pyracantbae 
Foliis latioribus, Pluk. Aim. 281, Tab. 20?, f. 5. Ex Ind. Orient. 
Soutia sp. 

An Lycium Bisnagaric. &c. ? 3, D. L. PI. Tab. 97, 3. Carissa 
spinarum L, 

Malabathrum et folium Indum officinarum, J. B. Tamalapatrum sive 
Folium, C. B. Folium Indicum s. Malabatbrum, Park. Arbor 
canellifera Malabathrum cortice ignobiliore, v. Breyn. pr. 2, p. 18. 
Tespant ex Ind. Orient. ? Cinnamomum iners Reinw. 

Malus Cotonea sive Cydonia. The Quiace tree. Pyrus Cydonia L. 

Mastick tree is a very great tree bearing leaves very like our common 
Bay tree soe curld on the edges, and berryes. Laurus Americana 
ossiculo duro. Two sheets. Mr. Gamble reports ' not Sideroxylum 
Mastichodendron Jacq.' 

Morus latissimo folio Virginiana. Morus rubra L. 

Myrtus Brabanticae similis Americana, foliorum laciuiis Asplenii 
modo divisis, julifera simul & fructum ferens, Pluk. Aim. 250, 
Tab. 100, f. 6. Gale Mariana Asplenii folio, Pet. Mus. 773. Fern 
Tree. Myrica asplenifolia L. 

Nerium arboreum folio maximo obtusiore flore incarnato, D. Sloan. 
Cat. Jam. 154. Jasmine flower or Bush of Hughes. Red Jasmine, 
a shrubbie tree but beautifull flowers, . . . sweet like Oleander. 
Barbadoes. Plumeria rubra L. 

Nettle tree or shrub, the leafe is almost like ours but more finely 
indented on the edges with 5 ribbs running all along the back, its 
natur is said to be very peircing, and very pretty to behold. On 
dry or wet ground. Pilea sp. 

Nux Been Zeylanica siliqua triangula seminibus alatis, H. Leyd. 
app. 692. India Orient. Collect. Petiver. Moringa pterygosperma 
Gaertn. 



316 AEBOEES ET FEUTICES 

Oleander, Narrow leaved. Sent from Bombay by my bro. Danl. du Bois 
1702, & Fort S* George. A second sheet ia labelled Pauk marram. 
Nerium Oleander L. 

Orleana, seu Orellana, seu Urucvi, Marck., Pis., Par. Bat. prod. Bixa 

Orellana L. 
Osyris frutescens baccifera, C. B. P. Cassia Poetarum. H. Patt. 

OsyriB alba L. 

Ovelly maram. ? Acacia Suiaa Kurz. 

Oxyacantha Virgin, humilior Pyracanthae foliis. Crataegus Crus- 
galli L. 

Pa via, Boerh. Ind. Alt. P. 11, p. 260, cum ic. & descr. characteiis. 
Arbor pentaphyllos Virginiana floribus spicatis monopetalis Mus. 
Corten. Raii Hist, ii, 1800. desor. foliorum tantum. Saamouna 
Pisonis, seu Siliguifera Brasiliensis arbor, digitatis foliis serratis, 
floribus Teucrii purpureis, Pluk. Aim. 326, T. 56, f. 4. Castaneae 
equinae facie Arbor Carolin. flore galeato spicato. Pet. Act. Ph. ? 
333, p. 424, n. 86. Aesculus Pavia L. 

Pegu Sasafras. Sent from Fort S* George by D' Edw. Bulkley 1704. 
Cinnamomum obtusifolium Nees. 

Persea, Clus. Hist. 2. Plum. PI. Gen. p. 44, Tab. 20. Alegator tree 
or pear. Persea gratiasima Gaertn. 

Planta Indica ex arborum annosarum truncis excrescens. Kabo-lossa. 
Dioscorea oppositifolia L. 

Polygonum baccifera scandens 1. C. B. P. p. 15. Ephedra sive Ana- 
basi Dod. 74. Ephedra distachya L. 

Another sheet labelled Uva marina maj. C. B. 15. s. Polygonum 
baccif. maritimum majus. Uva marina Dod. 75, is E. nebrodensis 
Tineo. 

Pomifera seu potius Prunifera Indica, nuee reniformi, summo porno 
insidente, Cajous dicta, Raii Hist. 1628. Anacardii alia species, 
C. B. P. 512. Acajou Linschot. Anacardium ocoidentale L. 

Prunifera seu Nuoifera Malabarica foliis Nymphaeae, fructu rotundo 
cortice pulvinato, Raii H. PI. 1525. Pona, H. Mai. P. 4, T. 38, 
pag. 79. Calophyllum Inophyllmn L. 

Prunus sylv. minor. Primus spiuosa L. 

Ramus hie ex fructu Pyri excrevit. Anno 1701. A proliferous fruit 
of Pyrus communis L. 

Rhoi similis Trageodes leptiphyllos Americana spinosa, rachi medio 
appendicibus aucto, D. L. PI. Tab. 107. An Coriaria arbor spinosa 
Acaciae foliis et facie P. B. P. ? inter Addend, forte Quauhtecopalli 
Pitzahuac, Copallifera leptophylla alia Hernand. p. 49. Fingrego 
et Sabina arbor Barbadiensibus nostratibus dicta. An Tsierou- 
kattou-naregam, H. Mai. part 4, Tab. 14, sit Sabina arborescens 
Barbadiensium. Savin or Saneing tree. Ijinionia aoidis- 
sima L. 



ALPHABETICAL LIST 317 

Rosa Candida plena, J. B. Rosa gallica L. 

Rosa Candida semiplena, J. B. Anglica alba, Park. Rosa alba L. 

Rutrasha caudamba. Mitragyna panrifolia Korth. 

Another sheet with the same name is ?Acaoia Intaia Willd. 
Salix humilis repens rotundifolia, J. B. Salix herbacea L. 
Sambach Arabum s. Gelsemin. Arabum, Alp. de Aegjpt. n. 4. H. Mai. 

Tom. 6, 87. Fort S' George. Jasminum Sajnbae Soland. 
Scorpius Lusitanicus aculeis horridus, Toumefort. Genista spartium 

majus tenuis et glabrum, H. R. Par., El Bot. Ulex densus Welw. 
Sheranlan chedde. ? Triphasia trifoliata DC. = T. Aurantiola 

Lour. 
Siliquosus Madrasp. Frutex Glycyrrhizaefoliisalternis, M. Pet. n. 476. 

Biti Malabaricae accedens Arbor Maderaspatana fl. peculiari, Pluk. 

Phytog. t. 18, f. 1. From Fort S* George. Cadaba indica Lam. 
Sorbus satira C. B. P., legitima Park. Pyrus Sorbus Gaertn. 
Sweet Bay from ye Canaryes. LaTirus nobilis L. 
Thymelaea, Clus. Hisp. 172. Also a sheet labelled T. Linariae fol. 

Daphne Gnidium L. 
Thymelaea Linariae folio vulgaris, Inst. 594, C. B. 468. Passerina 

Tragi, J. B. 3, p. 456. Bobart has writen ' The upper Synonim is 

D=^ Salvadores own wrighting '. Thymelaea Fasserina (L.) Lange. 
Triopteris Indiae Orient. Chamaenerii splendentibus foliis, PI. 

Tab. 347, 5, Mantiss. 185. Sent from Fort S* George by D^ Edw. 

Bulkley 1700. & 1702. Pauregera Melle chedde, and since Paula 

muUe & Parvella mally. Arbor tristis Park. 1644. Nyctanthes 

Arbor tristis L. (See No. 994.) 
Triopteris Indiae Orientalis s. Arbuscula Amygdalae nonae folio, 

dispermos siliqua Thlaspeos Dioscoridis ternis amplioribus extanti- 

bus alls donata. Waenella Ceylanensibus dicta, PI. Aim. bot. 

p. 377. Aceri vel paliuro affinis, angusto oblongo Ligustri folio, 

tetrapetalo herbaceo, SI. Cat. Jamaic. p. IBS. Idem cum Arbuscula 

viscosa Elaeagni, fol. laete virentibus, D. Pet Act. phil. n. 267, 

p. 717 ad an 1700. Ray hist. vol. 3, p. 94 D. Two sheets. Ptelea 

viscosa L. = Dodonaea viscosa Jacq. 
Viscum quercinum ex agro Staffordiens. donum D. Thurstin, Orielens. 

1690. Visoum album L. 
Vitex India Orient. Vitex Agnus Castus L. 
White Hoop tree. A sort of "Wyth. Barbadoes 91. Tournefortia 

bicolor Sw. 
Wild Honey. Barbadoes. Kandia aouleata L. 



EXPLANATION OF THE ABBREVIATED REFER- 
ENCES APPENDED TO THE PRE-LINNEAN 
PLANT-NAMES. 

Acostae. Acosta, C, Tractado de las Drogas y medicinas de las 

Indias Orientales. . . . 1578. 
Act. Philosoph. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. 
Ad. Lob., Adv. Lob. v. Lobelius. 
Aldini. Aldinus, T., Exactissima descriptio plantarum, quae con- 

tinentur Romae in horto Farnesiano. 1625. 
Alpin. de Exot. Alpinus, P., De plantis exoticis libri duo. 1627. 
Amalth. v. Plukenet. 

Ambrosin., Ambr. Pkyt. Ambrosinus, G., Phytologia. . . . 1666. 
Banister Cat. v. Cat. Virgin. 
Bar. Icon. Barrelier, J., Plantae per Galliam, Hispaniam et Italiam 

observatae. 1714. 
Barth. Act. Hajf. Thomae Bartholin! Acta Medica et Philosophioa 

Hafniensia (Kopenhagen), I-V. 1671-79. 
Boccon., Bocc. Tab. Boccone, P., Icones et descriptionea rariorum 

plantarum Siciliae, Melitae, Galliae, et Italiae. 1674. 
Bodaei a Stapel. Theophrasti Eresii de historia plantarum libri decem. 

1644. 
Boerh. Ind. Alt. Boerhaave, H., Index alter plantarum, quae in horto 

academico Lugduno-Batavo aluntur. 1720. 
Bontii. Bondt J. (Bontius), Historia naturalis et medica Indiae 

orientalis. 1658. (Imp. cum Pisonis De Indiae Dtriusque Ke 

natural! et medica.) 
Bot. Monsp. Magnol, P., Botanicum Monspeliense. 1686. 
Breyn. Cent. Breyne, J., Rxoticarum aliarumque minus cognitarum 

plantarum Centuria prima. 1687. 
Breyn. Fasc, Br. Pr., Breyn. Prod. Breyne, J., Prodromus fasciculi 

rariorum plantarum anno 1679 in hortis celeberrimis Hollandiae, 

&c. observatarum. 1680. 
Brunfel. Brunfels, 0., Herbarum vivae eicones. . . . 1530. 
Caesalp. Caesalpinus, A., De plantis libri xvi. 1583. 
Cam., Cam. Hart. Camerarius, J., Hortus medicus et philosophicus. . . . 

1588. 



EXPLANATION OF THE ABBREVIATED EEFEBEXCES 319 

Car. Steph. Praed. Rust. Stephanus, C, Praedium Rusticum. 1554. 
Cast. Durant. Durante, C, Heibario nuovo, con figure. . . . 1585. 
Cat. Giss. Dillenius, J. J., Catalogus plantarum sponte circa Gissam 
nascentium. 1719. 

Cat. H. Hampt. Catalogue of the Royal Garden, Hampton Court. 
Cat. Sort. Amst. Commelin, J., Catalogus plantarum horti medici 

Amstelaedamensis. Pars prior. 1689. 
Cat. Nat. Hist. Catesby, M., The natural history of Carolina, Florida, 

and the Bahama Islands. 1731-43. 
Cat. Virgin. Banister, J., Catalogus Plantarum in Virginia sponte 

nascentium. 1679. (MS. in Bibl. Hort. Bot. Oxon.) 
C.B., C.B.P., Casp. Bauh. Pin., C.B. Theat. Bauhin, C, Pinax 

theatri botanici. . . . 1623. 
C.B. P. et Theat. (vid. supra et) Bauhin, C, Theatri botanici sive 

Historiae plantarum . . . Kber primus. 1658. 
C. B.Prod. Bauhin, C, nPOAPOMOS Theatri botanici. . . . 1620. 
Chnh. Chabrey, D. (Chabraeus), Stii'pium icones et sciagraphia. 

1666. vide J. Bauhin. 
Clus. Cur. Clusius, C, Curae posteriores seu plurimarum non ante 

cognitarum aut descriptarum stirpium peregrinorumque aliquot 

animalium novae descriptiones. . . . 1611. 
Clus. Exot. Clusius, C, Exoticorum libri decem, quibus animalium, 

plantarum, . . . describuntur. 1605. 
Clus. Hisp. Clusius, C, Eariorum aliquot stirpium per Hispanias 

observatarum historia. 1576. 
CJiis.H., Clus. Hist. Clusius, C, Rariorum plantarum historia. 1601. 
Clus. Pan. Clusius, C, Rariorum aliquot stirpium per Paunoniam, 

. . . observatarum historia. 1583. 
Cod. Compt., Cod. Comptoniano. Reference to the garden of the 

Bishop of London (H. Compton), Fulbam. 
Col. Colonna, P. (Columna), Minus cognitarum rariorumque nostro 

coelo orientium stirpium EK^PASIS. . . . 1616. 
Comm. H. Amst. Commelin, J., Horti medici Amstelodamensis 

rariorum tam orientalis quam occidentalis Indiae. . . . 1697-1701. 
Cord. Hist., Cordi. Cordus, V., Annotationes in Pedacii Dioscoridis 

Anazarbei de medica materia libros v. Cum ejusdem Historia 

stirpium et Sylva, &c. 1561. 
Corn. Comut, J., Canadeusium plantarum . . .historia. 1635. 

C. Plum. Plumier, C, Description des plantes de I'Am^rique. 1693. 

D. Dominus. 

Dale., Dale Pharm. Dale, S., Pharmacologia seu manuductio ad 

materiam medicam. 1693. 
Dal. Lugd. Dalechamps, J., Historia generalis plantarum . . . 

Lugduni. 1587. 



320 EXPLANATION OF IHE ABBBEVIATED EEFEBENCES 

D. de Flines. Owner of a garden in Holland. Mentioned in Preface 

to Schol. Bot. Par., q.v. 
Diosc. Diosoorides. 
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1676. 
Dod. Pempt. Dodoens, R. (Dodonaeus), Stirpium liistoriae pemptades 

sex, sive libri xxx. 1583. 
Uyst., Eyst. Hort. Besler, B., Hortus Eystettensis. . . . 1613. 
Fagel, Caspar P. Owner of a Garden at Lewenhorst in Holland. 
Faffon, G. C. Superintendent of the Jardin des Plantes, Paris, under 

Tournefort. 
Fl. Bat. Flores., Fl. Lugd. Bat. Fl. Hermann, P., Florae Lugduno- 

Batavae flores. . . . 1690. 
Ferr. Flor. Ferrarius, J. B., De Plorum cultura libri iv. 1638. 
Fran. Eedi. Esperienze intorno a diverse cose naturali e particular- 

mente a quelle que son portate dell' India. Pirenze. 1671. 
Fuch. Puchs, L., De Historia Stirpium Commentarii. . . . 1542. 
Gab. Herrera, Gabriel Alonso de, Opus de Agricultura Hispanice 

scriptum. Venetiis. 1557. 
Ger. Gerarde, J., The Herball, or generall historie of plants. 1597. 

Ger. Emac. Ed. ii, 1633, by T. Johnson. 

Gesn., Gesn. Hort. Gesner, K., De hortis Germaniae liber (cum 

Cordi, V". Annotationes). 1561. 
G. N., Gazophyll. nost. See Petiver. 
Grisley, G., Viridarium lusitanum. 1661. 
Hampt. C. Royal Garden, Hampton Court. 
H. Amst. Commelin, K., Horti Amstelaedamensis plantae rariores et 

exoticae ad vivum aeri incisae. 1706. 
H. Beaumont. Hortus Beaumontianus, a garden at the Hague. 

Kiggelaer, Horti Beaumontiani Catalogus. 1690. 
H. Cathol. Cupani, P., Hortus Catholious. 1696. 
H. L. B., H. L. Bat., Hort. Lugd., Hort. Lugd. Bat. Hermann, P., 

Horti aoademici Lugduno Batavi catalogus. . . . 1687. 
H. Leyd. Botanic Garden of Leyden. 
Herm. H. L. Bat. Hermann, P., Horti academici Lugduno-Batavi 

catalogus. . . . 1687. 
Hermanni Zeyl. Hermann, P., Musaeum zeylanicum, sive cat. plant. 

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Hernand. Hernandez, P., Eerum medicarum Novae Hispaniae 

thesaurus. 1651. 
Hist. Lugd. v. Dalechamps. 

Hist. Muse. Dillenius, J. J., Historia museorum. 1741. 
Hort. Amstel. v. H. Amst. 
Hort. Cliff., Hort. Cliffort. Linnaeus, C, Hortus Cliffortianus. 1737. 



APPENDED TO THE PEE-LINNEAN PLANT-NAMES 321 

Hort. Mai. Rheede tot Draakenstein, H. A., Hortus Indicus Mala- 

baricus. 1678-1703. 
Hort. Paris. Botanic Garden of Paris, v. H. R. P. 
H. Pat., Hoii. Pat. Botanic Garden of Padua. 
H. R. Bles., Hort. Peg. Bles. Morison, R., Hortus regius blesensia. 

1669. 
H. P. Hampt., Hort. Peg. Hampt. Royal Garden, Hampton Court. 
H. P. P., H. Reg. Par., Hort. Reg. Par. Horti Regii Parisiensis 

Catalogus anno 1665. 
H. Schola Paris. Schola Botanioa sive Catalogus Plantarum, quas . . . 
in Horto Regio Parisiensi Studiosis mdigitavit Vir clarisaimus J. P. 
Tournefort. . . . Edente S. W. A. (Simon Wharton, Anglus, a pseu- 
donym of W. Sherard). 1689. 
1. B., J. B. Bauhin, J., Historia Plantarum universalis. Quam recensuit 

et auxit Dominicus Chabraeus. 1650-1. 
Icon. Paris. loones Plantarum Horti Regii Paris, s. a. 
J. B. Chair. Chabrey, D. (latine Chabraeus) v. Bauhin, J. 
Jacoh Comut. v. Cornuti. 
Joh. Bauch. v. Bauhin, J. 
Johns. Merc. Bot. Johnson, T., Mercurius botanious . . . partes i et ii. 

1634-41. 
Jonston Dend. Jonston Joh., Dendrographia. . . . 1633 (Angl. 

Lond. 1657.) 
J.R.H.,I.R.H. Tournefort, J. P., Inatitutiones rei herbariae. 1700. 
Linschot. Linsehotten, J. H. Itinerarium, ofte schipvaert naer Oost 

ofte Portugaels Indien. . . . 1596. 
Loh. Adv. Lobelius, M. (de I'Obel) et Pena, P., Stirpium Adversaria 
nova. 1605. 

Lob. Icon. Plantarum seu stirpium icones. 1581. 

Lob. niust. Stirpium illustrationes. 1655. 

Lob. Obs. Plantarum seu stirpium historia. 1576. 

Llhmjd., Lloyd. Edward Lloyd, Keeper of the Ashmolean Museum. 

1690. 
Lug., Lugd. v. Hort. Lugd. v. H. L. B. 

Magnol. Bot. Monsp. Magnol, P., Botanicum Monspeliense. 1686. 
Marcgrav., March. Marograf, G., Historia rerum naturalium Brasi- 

liae. (cum Piso, W., De medicina Brasiliensi). 1648. 
Matth. Mattioli, P. (latine Matthiolus) Opera, quae extant, omnia ; 
hoc est : Commentarii in vi. libros Pedacii Dioscoridis Anazarbei de 
Materia Medica. 1598. 
Mentzelii. Mentzel, C, Index nominum plantarum universalis. 1682. 
M. N., Mus. Pet. Petiver, J., Museum Petiverianum. . . . 1702-9. 
Monard. Monardes, N., Simplicium Medicamentorum . . . Historia, 
ed. Clusius Exotic, lib. decern. 1605. 

1274 Y 



322 EXPLANATION OF THE ABBREVIATED REEEHENCES 

Mor. II. B. Bles. Morison, R., Hortus regius Blesensis. 1635 (in 

Praeludia Botanica, 1669). 
Moiis. Praelud. Bot. Morison, R., Praeludia Botanica. 1669. 
Hunting, Munting Hist. Munting, A., Nauwkeurige Beschryving cler 

Aardgewassen. 1696. 
Mus. Nost, Mus. Petiv. v. M. N. 

Mils. Zeyl. Hermann, P., Musaeum Zeylanicura. . . . 1717. 
Odenlandii, Oldenl. Oldenlandus, H. B. & Hartog, J., Catalog! duo 

plant, afrioan., in Kolbe, Beschr. d. Kaps der guten Hoffnung, &c. 

1719, and Burmann, Thes. Zeyl. 1737. 
Fan. V. Clus. Pan. 
P. B., P. B. P., Par. Bat. Prod., Paradis. Bat. Prod. Hermann, P. 

Paradisi batavi prodromus. Edidit S. W. A. (Simon Wharton, 

Anglus, a pseudonym of W. Sherard) in ejus Schola Botanica. 1689 

(v. H. Schola Paris). 
Parh. Paradis. Parkinson, J., Paradisiin sole Paradisusterrestris.... 1629. 

Park. Theat. Theatrum botanicum. . . . 1640. 

Passaei. Passaeus, C, Hortus floridus. . . . 1614. 

Pet. Act. Ph. Petiver, J. Papers in the Philosophical Transactions 

of the Royal Society. Circa 1697 ? 
Pet. Gaz., Pet. Gazoph. Petiver, J., Gazophylacii naturae et artis . . . 

decades X. 1702^9. 
Philos. Transact. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. 
Phytogr. Plukenet, L., Phytographia, Pars i-iv. 1691-6. 
Pis. Piso, W., De medioina Brasiliensi. 1648. 
Plot. H. Ox. Plot, R,, The Natural History of Oxfordshire. 1677. 
Pluk. Aim. Plukenet, L., Almagestum botanicum. . . . 1696. 
PI. Amalth. Bot., Pluk. Amalth. Bot. Plukenet, L., Amaltheum 

botanicum. 1705. 
Pluk. Mantiss. Plukenet, L., Almagest! botanici Mantissa. 1700. 

Pluk. Phyt. Phytographia, Pars i-iv. 1691-6. 

PI. T., PI. Tab., Pluk. or Pluck. Tab. v. Pluk. Phyt. 

Plum. PI. Gen. Plumier, C, Nova plantarum americanarum genera. 

1703. 
Pon. Ital. Pona, G., Plantae seu simplioia, ut vocant, quae in Baldo 

monte et in via ab Verona ad Baldum reperiuntur ; cum iconibus. 

1601. 
Prosp., Prosp. Alp. Alpinus, P., De plantis Aegypti liber. 1592. 

Prosp. Alp. Exot. De plantis exoticis libri duo. 1627. 

Pugill. Mentz. Mentzel, C, Pugillus rariorum plantarum. 1682 

(cum Ind. nom. plant, univer.). 
Bail Hist., E. H., P. Hist. Ray, J., Historia plantarum. 1686-1704. 
Bail Itin. The reference is to Ray's Catalogus stirpium in Exteris 



APPENDED TO THE PEE-tlNNEAN PLANT-NAMES 323 

Regionibus . . . , which is appended to his ' Observations made in a 

Journey through Germany,' &c. 1673. 
Saii Syn., R. S. M., B. Syn. Ray, J., Synopsis methodica stirpium 

britannicarum. . . . 1690. 
Rauwolf, L., Aigentliche Beschreibung der Raiss, &e. 1588. 
Recchi, N. A. In Hernandez, F., Rerum medicarum Novae Hispaniae 

thesaurus, Liber quintus. 1651. 
Rob. Robin, J. et Vespasien, Enchiridion Isagogicum ad facilem 

notitiam stirpium. . . . 1624. 
Salvadore. Salvador, Juan, Cat. Plant, herb, mei Barcinone (Barce- 
lona) conservat. 
S. B., S. BroKm pi. Brown, S., Bast India Plants, Books 1-8, com- 
municated to the Royal Society by Petiver, Phi]. Trans. Nos. 264, 

267, 271, 274, 276, 277, 282, 287. 1700-3. 
Schol. Bot. Par., Schol. Bat. Par., Schol. Bot. Paradis. v. H. Schola, 

Paris. 
Schtiyl, F. Catalogus plantarum horti academici Lugduni Batavi. 

1668. 
Seijn. Syen A. Joint author of Hort. Malabar, q. v. 
Sim. Pauli. Paul!., S., Flora Danioa. 1648. 
Sloane Cat. Jam. Sloane, Hans., Catalogus plantarum quae in insula 

Jamaica sponte proveniunt. . . . 1696. 
Sloane Hist. Jam. Sloane, Hans., A voyage to the Islands Madera, 

Barbados . . . and Jamaica with the natural histoi-y of the herbs and 

trees. . . . 1696. 
Sterb. Tab. Sterbeeck, F., Theatrum Fungorum. 1712. 
Stevens. Rev. Lewis Stevens, vicar of Menheniot, Cornwall, 1685-1724. 
Tab. Tabernaemontanus, J. T., Eicones plantarum seu stirpium. . . . 

1590. 
Toum. Coroll. Tournefort, J. P., Corollarium Institutionum rei 

herbariae. . . . 1708. 

Toum. El. Bot. Elemens de botanique. . . . 1694. 

Tourn. I. R. B. Institutiones rei herbariae. 1700. 

Trag. Bock, H. (latine Tragus), De Stirpium . . . Libri tres (D.Kybero). 

1552. 
Trhimf., Triumph. Syllab., Trionfetti, G. B., Syllabus plantarum 
horto medico Sapientiae Romanae hoc re ipsa anno 1688 additarum. 
Vesling, J. De plantis Aegyptis observationes et notae ad Prosperum 

Alpinum. . . . 1688. 
Vespas. Robin, v. Rob. 

Vir. Licsit. Viridar. Lusit. Toum. v. Grisley. 
Vorstii Vorstius, A., Catalogus plantarum horti academici Lugduno- 

Batavi 1636. 

Zan., Zan. 1st., Zanoni. Zanoni, A., Istoria botanica. . . . 1675. 

y 2 



INDEX OF PLANT-NAMES 



The pre-Linnean names are printed in italics. 



Abies, Abies, 231-2. 

Abrotanum, 66, 67. 

Absinthium^ 66. 

Abutilon, 51. 

Acacia, 257-8, 312-13, 316. 

Acacia, 256-8, 280, 309. 

Acajou, 316. 

Acanthus, Acanthus, 196, 250. 

Acer, 258-9, 309. 

Acer, 258-9, 261, 299, 309, 315, 317. 

Acetosa, 59. 

Achillea, 65, 66, 70, 72, 73. 

Achiotl, 236. 

Acinos, 152, 153. 

Aconitum, Aconitum, 164-5. 

Acopa, 196. 

Acorn, 235. 

Acorus, 120. 

Aerostichon, 193. 

Acrostichum, 115, 185. 

Actaea, 1, 2. 

Actinomeris, 69, 70. 

Adamaram, 239. 

Addoocoomoolle, 283. 

Adenostyles, 84. 

Adhatoda, 283. 

Adhatoda, 283, 309. 

Adhatode, 313. 

Adiantum, 186, 190-2. 

Adiuntum, 190-2, 309. 

Adjoumaram, 306. 

Adonis, Adonis, 70. 

Adoxa, 40. 

Adrachna, Adrachne, 251, 310. 

Aegilops, 103. 

Aegle, 245. 

Aegopodium, 125. 

Aeluropus, 102. 

Aeschynomene, 6. 

Aesculus, 236, 316. 

Aethionema, 27-8. 



Aethusa, 127. 

Agave, 88. 

Agemlilag, 284. 

Ageratum, 85. 

Ageratum, 73. 

Agnus castus, 267, 310. 

Agrifolium, 250. 

Agrimonia, Agrimonia, 64. 

Agropyron, 102, 112. 

Agrostemma, 53. 

Agrostis, 108. 

Ahnfeltia, 227. 

Aira, 108, 113. 

Aizoides, 194. 

Ajuga, 150, 157. 

Alangium, 242. 

Alaria, 225. 

Alaiernoides, 270. 

Alatemus, 270. 

Albizzia, 256, 257, 309, 312. 

Albuca, 38. 

Alcanna, 309. 

Alcea, Alcea, 50-1. 

Alchemilla, AlchimiUa, 15. 

Alder Tree, 248, 299. 

Alectoria, 219-20. 

Alegatw Pear Tree, 299, 316. 

Aletris, 197. 

Alexandrina, 180. 

Alga, 224. 

Alisma, 202. 

Alia maram, 299, 314. 

Allium, Allium, 35-7. 

AUmania, 238. 

AUophylus, 267, 308. 

Allsnush, 240. 

Allspice, 248. 

Alni/olia, 248, 299. 

Alni/oliis Amer., 233. 

Aluus, 232. 

Alnus, 232, 248, 310. 



INDEX OF PLANT-NAMES 



325 



Alocasia, 181. 

Aloe, Aloe, 38. 

Alopeourus, Alopecuns, 105-6. 

Alsine, Alsine, 55-6. 

Althaea, Althaea, 50-1. 

Aly curry, 299. 

Alypum, 290. 

Alyssum, 21, 26. 

Amaranthus, Amaranthus, 62. 

Amaryllis, 34, 38. 

Amberboa, 93. 

Amblystegium, 206-7, 209-10, 213. 

Ambrosia. Ambrosia, 65-6. 

Ambulan, 299. 

Amelanohier, 211, 277, 310. 

Arrtelanchier, 277. 

Ameny Inch, 299. 

Ammi, 124, 128. 

Aimni, 128. 

Ammophila, 103. 

Amolago, 196. 

Amomum, 248, 263. 

Amorphophallus, 181. 

Amsonia, 200. 

Amygdalus, 239, 240. 

Amygdalus, 239, 240, 243, 263, 297, 

810. 
Anaoardium, 243, 244, 316. 
Anacardium, 240, 243, 316. 
Auacyolus, 67, 71, 72. 
Auagallis, Anagaliis, 67-8. 
Anagyris, Anagyris, 254. 
Anamirta, 248. 
Ananas, Ananas, 101. 
Auaphalis, 83. 
Anarrhinum, 48. 
Anastatica, 31. 
A nata seed, 236. 
Anehusa, Anchusa, 159-61. 
Ande mania marram, 242. 
Andrographis, 283. 
Andromeda, 286, 814. 
Andropogon, 102, lOi, 113, 114, 116. 
Androsaoe, 56, 166, 16 
Androsa^mum, 44. 
Andryala, 80, 89. 
Aneimia, 193. 
Anemone, 88-40, 43. 
Anemone, 38-9. 
Anethum, 123, 132. 
Anethum, 132. 
Angelica, 125, 134. 
Angelica, 125. 
Angolam, 242, 243, 2J9. 



Anguria, 3. 

Animall tree, 299. 

Anisomeles, 155. 

Anisum, 128, 202. 

Anogramma, 190. 

Anomodon, 205-6. 

Anona, 245, 302. 

Anona, 245. 

Anonis, 12. 

Antennaria, 83. 

Anteuplwrbivm, 139. 

Authemis, 68, 71-2. 

Anthericum, 31-2. 

Antholyza, 38. 

Authospermum, 288-9. 

Anthoxauthum, 106. 

Anthriscus, 130. 

Anthyllis, 6, 13, 278, 283. 

Antidesma, 268, 276, 300, 302. 

Antipathes, 229. 

Antirrhinum, 47-8, 158. 

Antitrichia, 215. 

Aparine, 136. 

Apera, 108. 

Apinella, 124. 

Apioa, 6. 

Apioscmidon, 246. 

Apium, Apiiim, 126-8. 

Aphyllanthos, 57. 

Apluda, 112. 

Apocynum, 198-9. 

Apocynum, 198-200, 301. 

Apophloea, 226. 

Apple Tree, 248. 

Aqui/oUum, 250. 

Aquilegia, AquiUgia, 163, 

Arabis, 17-20. 

Araca^miri, 314. 

Arajou, 243. 

Aralia, 2. 

Arbor Africana, 249, 299, 804. 

— Americana, 246, 250, 252, 272, 

277, 286, 298-300, 308. 

— Aristolothiae, 299. 

— aromatica, 249, 299, 802. 

— baccifera, 237, 242, 248, 251, 800, 

310. 

— Barbadiensis, 301. 
■ — Bisnagarica, 310. 

— Brasiliensis, 254. 

■ — Camphorifera, 237. 

— Canariensis, 252. 

— CaneUifera, 288, 310, 312, 315. 

— Coni/era, 263. 



326 



INDEX OF PLANT-NAMES 



Artm- Coral, 254. 

— S. Thomae, 253, 254, 310. 

— i Cormandel, 259. 

— i Madrasp., 310. 

— ex Florida, 312. 

— exotica, 303. 

— Jndiae, 235. 

— indica, 239, 240, 242, 248, 248, 

300, 310. 

— Jamaicensis, 300. 

— Judae, 253. 

— Lanigera, 261. 

— LaurifoHa, 237, 299, 300, 308. 

— Madraspatana, 302, 310. 

— Malabar., 259. 

— Mangifera, 240. 

— Margaratifera, 300. 

— mariana, 311. 

— llexicana, 236. 

— odori/era, 300. 

— Orientalis, 251, 312. 
- — pentaphyllo^, 316. 

— Platani, 245. 

— Portoricensis, 301. 

— prunifera, 239. 

— Salawacc., 240, 301. 

— salicis, 310. 

— siliquifera, 254. 

— siliquosa, 253, 254, 255. 

— Sinensis, 269. 

— Syrinamensis, 299, 300. 

— Thurifera, 232. 

— «m«s, 259, 294, 301, 317. 

— Tulipifera, 238. 

— t;«ne»ato, 238. 

— mto, 232. 

— Zeylanica, 269, 301. 
Arbuscula .^merj'cano, 301. SIO. 

— bacci/era, 269, 291, 310. 
- — Barbadiensis, 810. 

— Bisnagarica, 310. 

— Canariensis, 283. 
■ — ■ COT'j/mtosa, 301. 

— CoralUi, 254. 

— Jamaicensis, 286, 301. 

— ilfaiirosp., 810. 

— Jlfariona, 286, 311. 

— plicatilis, 294. 

— Syrinamensis, 301. 

— (n/o!ia, 250, 301. 

— FetapodM, 301. 

— Zeylanica, 242, 268, 311. 
Arbutus, 251, 310. 
Arbutus, 251. 



.i4rcanar morraTO, 310. 

Archangelica, 125. 

Arctium, 96. 

Ardisia, 277, 308. 

Arealu, 246. 

Areca, 306. 

Aremonia, 64. 

Arenaria, 55, 166. 

Arengee, 301. 

Arethusa, 170. 

Argemone, Argemone, 25. 

Argyreia, 306-7. 

Argyrodendron, 238, 310. 

Aria, 251. 

Arisaema, 181-2. 

Arisarum, 181. 

Aristida, 111. 

Aristolochia, Aristolochia, 174. 

Arkenarmora, 311. 

Armeniaca, 239. 

Armeria, 195. 

Armillaria, 222. 

Arna s. Ana, 298. 

Arnica, 92. 

Arnoseris, 75. 

Arrhenatherum, 112. 

Artedia, 133. 

Artemisia, 65-6, 88. 

Artichoke, 98. 

Arum, Arum, 180-2. 

Arundo, 103, 113. 

Arundo, 113, 121. 

Ary Elle, 203. 

Asarero, 243. 

Asarina, 158. 

Asarum, Asarum, 175. 

Asclepias, Asdepias, 198-200. 

Ascophyllura, 226. 

Ashoda maram, 301. 

Asho maram, 301, 806. 

Aapala'thus,' 201, 279, 281, 311, 314. 
Aspalathus, 279-80, 281, 288. 
Asparagus, Asparagus, 1. 
Asperoeoccus, 225. 
Asperugo, 159. 
Asperula, Asperula, 136-7. 
Asphodeline, 31. 
Asphodelus, Asphodelus, 31. 
Aspidium, 184-8. 
Asplenium, 182-7, 189-91. 
Asplenium, 183. 
Asshogamarum, 310. 
Aster, Astei; 89-92. 



INDEX OF PLANT-NAMES 



327 



Astragalus, 6, 7, 16. 

Astragalus, 6, 16. 

Astrautia, Astrantia, 125. 

Astreshe maram, 246. 

Astrocai'pus, 195. 

Astrodontium, 215. 

Atalantia, 244, 306. 

Athamanta, 123, 128-9, 131, 133. 

Athanasia, 69, 71. 

AtM, 289. 

Athyrium, 185, 187-9, 193. 

Atrichum, 212. 

Atlas tree, 310. 

Atraotylis, 99-100. 

Atragene, 202. 

Atriplex, Atriplex, 63. 

Atropa, 178- 

Atta Chury, 302. 

Attee maram, 302. 

Attrummaphoe, 282. 

Aubrietia, 21. 

Aulax, 233, 265, 303. 

Aulocomnion, 210-12. 

Aulo poUy, 302. 

Aurantia, 244. 

Auraniium, 244. 

Auricula, 56. 

Auricularia, 222. 

Auta Cheddy, Auta Cherry, 245. 

Avena, Avena, 110-12. 

Averry, 256. 

Asedarach, 242, 811. 

Azederacheni arbor, 242. 

Baocharis, 83. 

Baccifera Chusan., 268, 277. 

— Madrasp., 248, 252-3, 268, 277, 

811. 
Baeomyces, 221. 
Bala, 298. 

Balaustia, Balaustium, 244. 
Ballota, 146-7. 
Balsame, Great, 302. 
Balsame tree, 247. 

— Wylh, 247. 
Balsamitra, 65. 

Balsam Tree, Spanish, 802. 
Balsamum, 247, 310, 

— Capavae, 302. 

— Copoiba, 802. 
Banana, 298. 
Bandura, 307. 
Sar6a /ocis, 283, 318. 
Barbaiea, 19. 



Barbula, 210, 214. 
Barleria, 157. 
Bartramia, 209. 
Bai-tsia, 157-8. 
Bassia, 240, 801. 
Bastard Cedar, 303. 

— Locus, 253. 

— sweet wood, 308. 
Bauhinia, 253-4, 810-12. 
Bay, Sweet, 3)7. 
Bazzania, 208. 

Beech, Flowering, 260. 

Beef wood, 308. 

Begonia, 299. 

Belamadagan, 302. 

Bellis, Bdlis, 71. 

Bellucia, 299-300. 

Belly ake weed, 302. 

Belutta-areli, 290. 

• — Tsiori-valli, 291. 

Bemnosi, 267. 

Berberis, Berberis, 269, 311. 

Ber ef Bor, 241. 

Berzelia, 289. 

Beta, Beta, 61-2. 

Be«e, 302. 

Betonica, 143. 

Betula, Setelo, 233. 

Bherry pa-arra, 157. 

Biarum, 181. 

Bideus, 68, 71. 

Bignonia, 200. 

Bignonia, 297. 

Bifolium, 170. 

Bifora, 123. 

Birch tree, 302. 

SiViis Nest Myrtle, 273. 

Bischofla, 310. 

Bisoutella, 22. 

Biserrula, 6. 

Biophytum, 15. 

Bistorta, 60. 

Bitter wood, 308. 

Bixa, Bixa, 236, 316. 

Black Dog Wood, 308. 

Black Haic, 263. 

Btoci: honey, 805. 

Btocfc M'ood iree, 308. 

Blackstonia, 57. 

Blattaria, 46. 

Blechnum, 185. 

Blepharis, 157. 

Blephilia, 146. 

Blitum, 62. 



328 



INDEX OF PLANT-NAMES 



Boorhavia, 87. 

Boharel Carpatta milgo, 299. 

Bokaml, 300. 

Bombu, 302. 

Bonana, 300. 

Bonavei'ia, 6. 

Bonduchj 255. 

Bongardia, 26. 

Bontia, 248. 

Borago, Borago, 159. 

Borbonia, 280. 

Boretta, 288. 

Borrichia, 70. 

Boswellia, 266. 

Botrj'chium, 193. 

Bouchea, 156. 

Brabaniicae similis, 266. 

Brabejum, 240. 

Brachypodium, 110-12. 

Brachytheclum, 206-7, 214. 

Brasil wood, 256. 

Brassavola, 298. 

Brassica, Brassica, 16-17, 19. 

Breyniana, 289, 311. 

Bridelia, 310-11. 

Briza, 109, 110, 113. 

Broad leaf, 299. 

Broad leafed Bark, 302. 

Mango, 240. 

Bromelia, 101. 

Biomus, 111. 

Bmnella, 142-3. 

Biunia, 232. 

Brunsvigia, 34. 

Bryonia, Bryonia, 1. 

Bnjonoides, 291, 298. 

Bi-yopogon, 217. 

Bryum, 206, 209-12, 214-16. 

Bubon, 128. 

Buccana marram, 302. 

Buglossum, 159. 

Bugula, 150. 

Bulbocasianum, 124. 

Bully wee, 302. 

Bunias, 20. 

Buphthalmum, 68-70, 89-90. 

Bupleurum, Bapleurum, 129. 

Bursa, Bursa pastoris, 28-9. 

Buraera, 237, 247, 302. 

Butomus, 166. 

Buxus, Buxiis, 270. 

Buszee tree, 302. 

Byssus, Byssus, 221-2. 

Bystropogon, 157. 



Cabba de Caballo, 272. 

Cabbage tree, 297. 

Cabritta, 302. 

Cacalia, Cacalia, 84, 91, 139. 

Cacao, 235, 310. 

Cachrys, Cachrys, 122-3. 

Cactus, 101. 

Cidaba, 317. 

Cadawang, 257. 

Caesalpinia, 256, 313. 

Cainito Plum, 301. 

Cajanus, 318. 

Cajous, 316. 

Cakile, 19, 20. 

Calabash Tree, 245, 311. 

Calabasier, 245. 

Calabura, 252, 268. 

Calamagrostis, 113. 

Calamintha, Calamintha, 152-4. 

Calamus, 297. 

Calendula, 66-7. 

Calla, 181. 

Callametlee, 303. 

Calliblepharis, 224. 

Callistemma, 75. 

Callitriche, 198. 

Callophyllis, 223. 

Calluna, 287, 314. 

Calophyllum, 239, 807, 316. 

Caltha, 164. 

Cal'.ha, 67. 

Calyeotome, 280. 

Calyptranthes, 309. 

Calystegia, 2. 

Camara tinga, 264. 

Camarinna, 271. 

Cambogium, 302. 

Camelina, 80. 

Camellia, 268. 

Cammai'um, 163. 

Campanula, Campanula, 42-3. 

Camphorata, 201. 

Camphorifera, 237. 

Camphorosma, 201. 

Camphorosma, 143. 

Camptothecium, 213. 

Canambayo, 266. 

Canavalia, 254. 

Candle tree, 266. 

Canella, CanMa, 237, 302. 

Caniram, 246. 

Canua, Canna, 121, 302. 

Cannabis, Cannabis, 158. 

Canschena-pou, 253. 



INDEX OP PLANT-NAMES 



329 



Cant ntelhj, 302. 

Caonypoo, 309. 

Capavae, 2i7, 302. 

CapiUaris, 191. 

Capnoides, 23. 

Capparis, 256, 296. 

Capparis, 25, 296. 

Oapraria Ourassavica, 302. 

Capriflcus, 246. 

Capi-ifolium, 292. 

Capriola, 104. 

Capsella, 28. 

Capsicum, 178. 

Cara-Kundel, 314. 

Caralluma, 200. 

Carambu, 248. 

Caranosi, 267. 

Carapa, Carappa arbor, 302. 

Carbenia, 99. 

Cardamine, 18-19, 22-3. 

Cardamomumj 121, 

Cardiospermum, 2. 

Carduncellus, Carduncellus, 98-9. 

Carduus, Carduus, 96-9. 

Carex, 117-20. 

Cariea, 245. 

Carimpana, 297. 

Carissa, 271, 303, 315. 

Carnation Chery, 241. 

Carobe, 256. 

Carpatta, 300. 

Carpesium, 68. 

Cai-pinus, Carpinus, 259-60. 

CarpoftaisamMm, 302. 

Carpsi Carsiboom, 242. 

C'orra nucheel, 302. 

Carrichtera, 28. 

Carthamus, 96, 98-9. 

Carum, 124, 126 8, 132. 

Carum, 128. 

Caryophyllata, 39. 

Caryophyllus, 57, 195, 248. 

Casearia, 299. 

Cassapia, 302. 

Cassather, 302. 

Cassava, 302. 

Cassena trees, 302. 

Cassia, 5, 15, 242, 2:5, 256. 

Cassia, 237, 238, 255, 267, 302, 

316. 
Cassia berry bush, 302. 
Cassine, 241, 242. 
Castalia, 175. 
Castanea, Casianea, 236. 



Castanea equina, 316. 

Castilleja, 151. 

Casuarina, 308. 

Catabrosa, 108. 

Catagoe, 304. 

Cat-ambulam, 302. 

Catananche, 76, 94. 

Catharinea, 211-12. 

Cattu carambu, 248. 

Catu Pitsjegam MuUa, 294. 

Caucalis, Caucalis, 131. 

Caurumbae cheddy, 303. 

Caury. 303. 

CaM( ei«(ii, 303. 

Cauton onna, 303. 

Cautoo mola maram, 303. 

Ca«J Vitullee, 302. 

Cotrf Tra(?e, 256. 

Caut'Wally maram, 309. 

Cautypilla, 303. 

Cedar TVfe, 253. 

Cedrela, 303. 

Cedronella, 143. 

Cedrus, 231. 

Cedrus, 231, 249, 311. 

Celastrus, 272. 

Celsia, 46. 

Celtis, 242. 

Cenchramidea, 247, 303. 

Cenchi-us, 107. 

Cenia, 72. 

Centaurea, 93-5, 99. 

Centaurium, Centaurium, 57, 93. 

Cepa, 36. 

Cephalanthera, 170, 173. 

Cephalaria, 74. 

Cerastiuin, 54-6. 

Cerasus, 241-2. 

Ceratia, 253, 254, 256. 

Ceratodon, 209, 210. 

Ceratonia, 256. 

Ceratophyllum, 204. 

Ceratopteris, 193. 

Cercis, 253. 

Cere/olium, 130. 

Cereus, 233. 

Cerinthe, Cerinthe, 160. 

Ceropteris, 191. 

Cerrus, 233. 

Cerviclna, 43. 

Ceterach, 183. 

Cetraria, 216-17. 

Ckaa herba, 263. 

Chaerophyllum, 129-30. 



330 



INDEX OF PLANT-NAMES 



ChaMoo marram, 303. 
Chamaecnasus, 241, 269. 
Chamaecistus, 311. 
Chamaecyparissus, 67. 
Chamaeq/se, 139. 
CJiamaedrys, 156-7. 
Chamaeftcus, 246. 
Chamaejilix, 186. 
Chamaegenista, 279-80. 
Chamaeiris, 33. 
Chamaeitea, 262. 
Chamaelaea, 265, 266, 270. 
Chamaemelum, 71-2. 
Chamaemespilus, 277. 
Chamaemorus, 167, 295, 311. 
Chamaepericlymenum, 293, 805, 
Cfiamaepitys, 157, 
Chamaerhododendron, 311. 
Cliamaerhododendros, 285-6, 312. 
Chamaeriphes, 297. 
Chamaerops, 297. 
Chamaerubus, 295. 
Chamaespartium, 278. 
Chamboo Navell, 303. 
Ghamelaea, 311. 
Chamgum goupee, 308. 
Champne, Champneam, 308, 812. 
Chara, 204, 219. 
Ckaramais, 808. 
Chaidinia, 73. 
raatawinram, 257. 
Chavanna Mandaru, 253. 
Cheddemeelchedde, 314. 
Cheekana, 257. 
CAeeA: stones, 303. 
Cheggo paUary, 290. 
Cheilanthes, 189, 192. 
Cheiranthus, 20-2. 
Chelidonium, Chelidonium, 23-5. 
Chelone, 155, 313. 
Chenopodium, 12, 63. 
Chendoe curry piVa, 303. 
Chendu marram, 308. 
Cherro navell, 812. 
Cherry maram, 312. 
C/ierjT/ me! cAerfdy, 298, 808, 814. 
Cherry Mundary, 312. 
Cfterjy Tree, 2%e soicre, 241. 
Chevanar Weniboe, 282. 
CAet'!/ Cungy, 303. 
Chickweed, Boary Sea, 56. 
Chilosoyphus, 208. 
Cfejnffl Orange, 244. 
— TOdia;, 292. 



Chinquapin Oake, 234. 

Chionanthus, 301. 

Chirgulla, 271, 303. 

Chiltauny ohetty, 303. 

Chloris, 104. 

Chlorophora, 251. 

Chondrilla, 76. 

Chondrilla, 80. 

Chondrus, 224, 280. 

Choona attee, 312. 

Chorda, 225. 

Chordaria, 227. 

Christophmiana, 1, 250, 272. 

Chrozophora, 140. 

Chrysanthemum, 65, 67, 68, 70-2. 

Chrysanthemum, 67-70, 806. 

Chrysocome, 82-3. 

Chrysodendros, 301. 

Chrysodendrum, 303. 

Chrysophyllum, 801. 

Chrysosplenium, 167. 

Chylocladia, 225, 230. 

Cicer, Cicer, 5, 283. 

Cichorium, Cichorium, 75 6. 

Cieuta, Cicuta, 125-7. 

Cicutaria, 127. 

Cinamon free, 802. 

Cmamomwm, 237. 

Cinchona, 240. 

Cinelidotus, 213. 

Cinnamomum, 237, 238, 310, 815, 

316. 
Circaea, 64. 
Circinnua, 18. 
Cirsium, Cirsium, 94, 96-8. 
Cistanohe, 172. 
Cistus, 284, 286. 
CtsiMS, 284, 286, 298, 812. 
CifbaTexylnvajCitharex-ylum, 304, 308. 
CitruUus, 8. 
Citrus, 244. 
Cladium, 116. 
Cladonia, 216-17, 219-20. 
Cladophora, 228-9. 
Cladostephus, 228. 
Clammie Chery, 242. 
Clavaria, 221. 
Clematis, 202, 295. 
Clematis, 1, 200, 202, 291, 293, 295-6, 

304. 
Cleome, 9, 26. 
Cleonia, 143, 150. 
Clethra, 288, 248, 258, 299. 
Clidemia, 301. 



INDEX OF PLANT-NAMES 



331 



Cliffortia, 262. 

Climacium, 207. 

Clinopodium, Climpodium, 146. 

Clusia, 247. 

Clypeola, 22. 

Cneorum, 270. 

Cnicus, 93-4, 96-7, 99. 

Onicus, 96. 

Cnidium, 128. 

Coccifera, 277, 312. 

Coccigria, 266. 

Coccoloba, 304-6, 308. 

Coccus, 234. 

Coohlearia, 20, 26, 28-9. 

Cochlearia, 29. 

Cocos, 297. 

CoCTilw, 248. 

Coda Molly, 294. 

Coddel coongy, 248, 277. 

Codium, 225. 

Coilophyllum, 179. 

Coix, 120. 

Cokar Nut Tree, 297. 

Colarma Yelangy, 303. 

Cola tillypa, 280. 

Colchiconardssus, 32. 

Colchieum, Colchicum, 32. 

Coldenia, 157. 

Coletty maano, 303. 

Colla Coridy, 303. 

CoUar Collai, 303. 

— Erundy, 303. 

CoUema, 218, 222. 

Colocasia, 181. 

Colocynthis, 3. 

Colutea, 282. 

Colutea, 7, 282-3, 309. 

Comarum, 14. 

Commelina, 197. 

Comocladia, 238. 

Conacoy, 303. 

Concausia, 303. 

Condan Guttry, 303. 

Conee, 255. 

Cmferva, 223. 

ConghcLS, 239. 

Conium, 127. 

Conna mar am, 255, 303 

Connarus, 304. 

Conocarpus, 299. 

Conocephalus, 204. 

Conophoros, 233. 

Conopodium, 124. 

Conringia, 17, 22. 



Consolida, 165. 

Convallaria, 179, 180. 

Convolmdo similis, 312. 

Convolvulus, Convolmdris, 2. 

Conyza, 83, 86, 89. 

Conyza, 89. 

Cooany Poo, 283. 

Coory Tugree, 303, 310. 

Cooty marram, 303. 

Copaifera, 247, 302. 

Coprinus, 220. 

Caraiin, 303. 

Coral arbor, 254, 255. 

Corallina, CoraUina, 228-80. 

CoraMinum Lignum, 255. 

Coraliodendron, 254. 

Coraun, 2'jo. 

Corchorug, Corchorus, 25, 243. 

Cordia, 239, 242, 301, 305-6. 

Cordis Indi folio, 296. 

Coreaity, 303. 

Corema, 271. 

Corenda Chedde, 244. 

Coreopsis, 68-9. 

Coriandrum, Coriandrum, 123. 

Coriaria, 287. 

Coris, Coris, 142, 314. 

Cornus, 179, 263-4. 

Comus, 247, 263-4, 312. 

Coronilla, Coronilla, 6-8, 282. 

Coroaopus, Coronopus, 2S, 122. 

Corrigiola, 61. 

Cortex Perumanus, 240, 303. 

Cortusa, 56. 

Coruvel, 258. 

Corydalis, £3. 

Coryli folio arbor, 291, 303. 

Corylus, Corylus, 236, 251, 312. 

Costus, 121. 

Cotinus, 266. 

Cotonaster, Cotoneaster, 277. 

Cotula, 71-2. 

Cotyledon, 166-7. 

Coumelan Chedde, 304, 310. 

Covanna Mandaru, 253. 

Crab Tree, 243. 

Crambe, 16, 24. 

Craridy, 4. 

Crassula, 167, 314. 

Crataegus, 251-2, 274, 316. 

Crataegus, 251. 

Crataeva, 246, 304. 

Crepis, 77-9. 

Crescentia, 245, 311. 



332 



INDEX OF PLANT-NAMES 



Crisia, 228. 

Crista Pavonis, 255, 256, 313. 

Crithmum, Crithmum, 123, 127. 

Crocus, Crocus, 32. 

Crotalaria, Crotalaria, 280, 313. 

Croton, 140, 307. 

Crucianella, 137. 

Cruciata, 186. 

Crupina, 93. 

Cryphaea, 21 i. 

Crypsis, 107. 

Cryptogramma, 192. 

Cryptostemma, 88. 

Cryptotaenia, 129. 

Cuoubalus, 1, 52. 

Cucumis, CucumiSy 3. 

Cucurbita, Cucurbita, 3. 

Cucurbitifera, 245. 

Cuddy amee, 304. 

Cuddy Commoole, 311. 

CuUany poo, 309. 

Cullary ckeddy, 304. 

Cuminum, Cuminum, 123. 

Cundoo Maumedy, 241. 

Cunga munga cheddy, 241. 

Cunila, 152, 154. 

Cupresso-pinnulus, 232. 

Cupressus, Cupressus, 232, 250. 

Caram Chedde, 233. 

Curcuma, 121. 

Curl'd sea belt, 225. 

Curry Vel, 313. 

Curtisia, 304. 

Cuscuta, Cuscata, 201. 

Custard Apple, 245. 

Cutandia, 103. 

Cutlaingee marram, 304. 

Cuttan cheddy, 304. 

Cyanotis, 197. 

Cyanus, 93. 

Cyathus, 222. 

Cyclamen, Cyclamen, 182. 

Cymbalaria, 48, 

Cynanchum, 199, 200. 

Cynara, 98. 

Cynodon, 104. 

Cynoglossum, Cynoglossum, 159, 161. 

Cynosums, 105, 107, 112. 

Cyperus, Cyperus, 114-17. 

Cypress tree, 249. 

Cypripedium, 170, 173. 

Cystoclonium, 227. 

Cystopteris, 187, 189, 193. 

Cystoseira, 226-7. 



Cytiso-genista, 277-8. 
Cytiso-spartium, 280. 
Cytisus, Cytisus, 277, 280-2. 

Saiuri, 236. 

Dactylis, 108-9. 

Daedalacanthus, 294. 

Dalea, 282. 

Damasonlum, 202, 

Danaa, 132. 

JDanighas, 268. 

Daphne, 54, 265, 269, 317, 

Darwood, 308. 

Datisca, 158, 

Datura, 197-8. 

Daucus, Daucus, 124, 130-3, 

Davadam, 304, 

Davallia, 190-1. 

Delphinium, 165. 

Dolesseria, 223-4, 227, 280. 

Benghas Indorum, 268. 

Sens canis, 32. 

— Leonis, 80-1. 

Dentaria, 22-3. 

Dentariae facie, 194, 

Deschampsia, 107-8, 

Desmarestia, 224, 226, 230, 

Deamazeria, 103. 

Desmodium, 8, 281. 

Dethawia, 124. 

Dianthus, 57. 

Diatrype, 222. 

Dichrostachys, 258, 

Dicliptera, 315, 

Dicranella, 209. 

Dicranoweisia, 210. 

Dicranum, 211, 215, 

Dictamnus, 163, 

Dictamnus, 141, 313, 

Digitalis, Digitalis, 45, 

Digitaria, 104. 

Digraphis, 109. 

mis Scotis, 224. 

Dimorphotheca, 67. 

Dioscorea, 316. 

Diosma, 289. 

Diospyros, 252, 277, 310, 812. 

Diospyros, 310. 

Diotis, 69. 

Diplotaxis, 17, 19. 

Dipsacus, hipsacus, 100. 

Dodonaea, 317. 

Dogwood, 304. 

Bog Wood, Black, 308. 



INDEX OF PLANT-NAMES 



S33 



Dondia, 63-4. 

DoTonkis affin., 313. 

Dorouicum, Doronimm, 92. 

Doiycnium, 12-13. 

Doryopfceris, 192. 

Sough Fig, 246. 

Diaba, 21, 29, 169. 

Braia, 20, 29. 

Draoo, 65, 259. 

Sracocephalus, 155. 

Dracocephalum, 143, 150, 153, 155. 

Dracunculus, 181. 

Dracunculus, 73, 181. 

Drosera, 203. 

Drosophyllum, 203, 311. 

Dryas, 39. 

Drynaria, 184. 

Diyopteris, 185-90, 193-4. 

Dry pis, 99. 

Budhali, 248. 

Dulcamara, 294, 313. 

Dulichium, 104. 

Ea Sheddy, 304. 
Ebenus, Ebenus, 283, 313. 
Ebony, 304. 
Ebulus, 179. 
EcbaUium, 3. 
Ecbolium, 283. 
Echinaria, 107. 
Echinodorus, 202. 
Echinophora, 123. 
Echinopoda, 280. 
Echinops, 99. 
Echinospermum, 161. 
Echium, Echium, 159-60. 
Eelipta, 69, 74. 
Elaeagnug, 240, 243. 
Elaeooarpus, 238. 
Elaeoselinum, 133. 
Elanda maram, 304. 
Elaiiyies, 313. 
Elder leaf, 304. 
Eleagnus, 313. 
Elemnifera, 252. 
Eleooharis, 115. 
Elephas, 158. 
Eleusine, 104. 
Elichrysum, 83. 
Elingi, 305. 
EUacooty maram, 804. 
EUaven, 304. 
Ellawooe, 304, 
Ellisia, 162. 



Elly pandooe, 304, 313. 

Elymus, 102-3, 111. 

Elytrophorus, 106. 

Emerus, 282. 

Empetrum, Empetrum, 270-1. 

Emex, 62. 

Emilia, 77. 

Encalypta, 212. 

Enteromorpha, 223. 

Ephedra, 204, 316. 

Ephedra, 316. 

Ephemerum, 197. 

Epidendron, 201. 

Epidendrm, 298, 314. 

Epifagus, 172. 

Epigaea, 173. 

Epilobium, 24. 

Epimedium, Epimedium, 15. 

Equisetum, Equisetum, 203-4. 

Eragrostis, 109-10. 

Eranthis, 163. 

Erianthus, 113. 

Erica, Erica, 270, 287-9, 314. 

Erigerou, 9, 90-1. 

Eriuaeea, Erinacea, 280. 

Erinus, 201. 

Eriocaulon, 121. 

Eriocephalos, 289. 

Eriocephalus, 311. 

Eriodendron, 261. 

Eriophorum, 118. 

Erodium, 49, 50. 

Erophila, 29. 

Eruca, Eruca, 19. 

Eruoaria, 20. 

Eruoastrum, 17. 

Erva di S' Maria, 181. 

Ei'vum, 4, 5. 

Eryngium, Eryngium, 99, 100. 

Erysimum, 17, 19, 21. 

Erysimum, 17. 

Erythraea, 57. 

Erythrina, 254, 255. 

Erythronium, 32. 

Erythroxylum, Erythroxylum, 256, 

308. 
Eitee Maram, 246, 304. 
Euolidium, 81. 
Eugenia, 237, 268, 312. 
Euonymus, Euonymus, 272, 287. 
Eupatorium, 84-6. 
Evpatorium, 64, 85-6. 
Euphorbia, 137-9. 
Euphoriium, 139. 



334 



INDEX OP PLANT-NAMES 



Kuphrasia, Etiphrasia, 158, 313. 
Eurhynohium, 206-9, 213-14. 
Euterpe, 297. 
Evax, 84. 
Evernia, 218-19. 

Faba, 6. 

Fagara, 266. 

Fagopyron, Fagopyrum, 60. 

Pagus, 286. 

Fagus, 236, 259, 260. 

Falcarla, 128. 

Farsetia, 21. 

Fedia, 87. 

Fern Tree, 315. 

Ferraiia, 32. 

I'errum equinum^ 7. 

Ferula, Ferula, 131. 

Festuca, 102-4, 108, 112-13. 

Festuca, 111. 

Ficoides, 174. 

Ficus, 246, 306, 814. 

Ficus, 246-7, 298, 314. 
Fiddle Wood, 304. 

Timier, 308. 

tree, 308. 

Figg Tree, Arch'd Indian, 247. 

Filago, 84. 

Filiaula, 189-90, 208. 

Filipendvla, 134. 

Filix, 184-90, 192-3. 

Filum, 804. 

Fimbristylis, 116. 

Fingrego, 264, 266, 816. 

Fire sprig tree, 804. 

Fissidens, 210, 213, 215. 

Flammula, 295. 

Flarenboom, 305. 

Flowering Beech, 260. 

Fluatra, 225. 

Fluviatilis Pisana, 230. 

Foeniculum, Foenicidum, 123, 126, 

Foenumgraeaum, 12. 

Folium Indicum, 315. 

Fontinalis, 207. 

Foula magori, 293. 

Pragaria, Fragaria, 13-14. 

Frangula, 248, 310. 

Frankenia, 61, 288. 

Frankincense Tree, 232. 

Fraxinella, 168. 

Praxinus, Fraxinus, 260. 

French Physich Nut, 140. 

Pritillaria, Fritillaria, 37, 200. 



Frullania, 208. 
Frumentum Indicum, 120. 

— Saraceniewm, 61. 
Frutex Aethiopicus, 262, 280. 

— Africanus, 289, 804. 

— baccifer, 2.50, 269. 

— cinereus, 289. 

— convolmla/ieus, 291. 

— Jlabellijormis, 229. 

— Pavoninus, 256. 

— spicatus, 286. 

— trifulius, 304. 
Fucoides, 229. 
Faous, 225-6. 
J^MctM, 228-8, 280. 
Fulrena, 116. 
Fumaria, Fumaria, 23. 
Punaria, 212. 
Fungillus, 211-12. 
Funguli, 221. 
Fungus, 220-2. 
Furcellaria, 227. 
Fustick wood, 251. 

Gagea, 35. 

Galactia, 281. 

Oalanga, 121. 

Galanthus, 84. 

Galaxaura, 229. 

GaZe, 266, 314-15. 

Galega, Qalega, 6. 

Galeopsia, 149-50. 

Galium, 136-7. 

Gallium, 136-7. 

(?ari« Pear, 246, 303-4. 

Garyophytton, 248. 

Gastridium, 104-5. 

Gelidium,227. 

GekeminMrn, 293. 

Genista, ffenisto, 277-80, 318-14,317. 

Oenistella, 278-80. 

Gentiana, 57, 169. 

Gentiana, 54, 169. 

Gentianella, 169. 

GeniM, 293. 

Geophila, 179. 

Geranium, Geranium, 48-50. 

Geum, 39. 

Gheriaeihigas, 304. 

Gigartina, 224, 230. 

Gillenia, 134. 

Gingidium, 124. 

Gladiolus, Gladiolus, 32, 38. 

Glauoium, 24-5. 



IXDEX OF PLANT-NAMES 



335 



Glaux, Glaitx, 198. 

Gleohoma, 153. 

Gleditschia, Gledit&ia, 257. 

Glinus, 55. 

Globe tree, 304. 

Globularia, 75, 290. 

Glocliidion, 269. 

Glyceria, 104, 109. 

Glycine, 6. 

Glycypicros, 294. 

Glycyrrhiza, Olycyrrhisa, 6, 258. 

Gmelina, 271, 300, 310-11, 315. 

Gnaphalium, Gnaphalimn, 82-4, 89. 

Gomphocarpus, 198-9. 

Gonolobus, 200. 

Gooetboom, 303. 

Gorgonia, 226. 

Goosberryes, Spanish, 274. 

Gossipium, 176, 261. 

Gossypium, 176. 

Gout tree, 303. 

Gracillaria, 227. 

Gramen, 102-13. 

Gramen Cyperoides, 117-20. 

' — Junceum, 114, 119. 

GraminifoUa, 198. 

Grape, Red wine, 291. 

— tree, 304, 308. 

Graptophyllum, 179, 293. 

Gratiola, 45. 

Great Rattle Snake Root, 175. 

Grewia, 242, 250, 272. 

Grimmia, 210, 211, 214-15. 

Grim the Collier, 81. 

Grossularia, 276. 

Guaiacum, 260. 

Guaiva, 244. 

Guajacana, 252. 

Guajacum, Guajacum, 252, 260. 

Guajava, 314. 

Guajcum, 260-1. 

Guanabanus, 245. 

Guara, 314. 

Guavar Maram, 304, 314. 

Guayacan, 260. 

Guayava, 314. 

Guettarda, 264. 

Guilandina, 256. 

Gum boom, 304. 

Gundelia, 100. 

Gutimrt, 265. 

Gymnogongrus, 226. 

Gymnogramma, 185, 190, 191. 

Gynandropsis, 26. 



Gypsophila, 53-4. 
Gyrocarpus, 259. 



Habenaria, 171-2. 

Habhel, 249. 

Haemanthus, 38, 171. 

Halesia, 307. 

Halicacabum, 2. 

Halidrvs, 226. 

Halimeda, 228. 

Halimus, 63. 

Haliphlaeos, 234. 

Halopithys, 227. 

Halurus, 228. 

Ham pinna, 260. 

Hankirilla, 276. 

Baris Tongue, 182. 

Hasle nut, Purgeing comer'd, 303. 

Hassagay tree, 304. 

Hausegi, 264. 

Hedera, Hedera, 153, 296-7. 

Hedwigia, 215. 

Hedysarum, 8. 

Helenium, 69. 

HeleniuTn, 92. 

Helianthemum, 285, 311-12. 

Helianthua, 68-9. 

Helichrysuni, Helichrysum, 82-3,89. 

Helicteres, Helicteres, 305. 

Heliopsis, 69. 

Heliotropium, Helioiropium, 162. 

Helleborine, Helleborine, 170. 

Helleborus, HAleborus, 163-4, 169. 

Helonias, 197. 

Hemerocallis, 38. 

Hemiouitis, Hemionitis, 183. 

Hepatioa, 39. 

Heracleum, 132. 

Herba impatiens, 25. 

Herba viva, 15. 

Hercules tree, 305. 

Herminium, 171-2. 

Hermodactylus, 33. 

Hernandia, 305. 

Herniaria, 61. 

Hesperis, Hesperis, 22. 

Heteropogon, 102. 

Heylandia, 313. 

Hibiscus, 51. 

Hickery Nut, 235. 

Hicoria, 235. 

Hieracium, 78-81. 

Mieracium, 77-8. 



336 



INDEX OP PLANT-NAMES 



Himanthalia, 225. 
Hippoorepia, 7. 
Sippoglossum, 290. 
Hippomane, 137. 
Hippomarathrura, 123. 
Hippophae, 264. 
Eipposelinum, 125. 
Hippuris, 204. 
Hiptage, 309. 
Hoary Sea-Chickweed, 56. 
Holarrhena, 306. 
Holcus, 109. 
Holosteum, 54, 56, 
Uolosteum, 122. 
Homalotheeium, 206-7, 213. 
Homogyne, 93. 
Honey, Black, 305. 

— Tree, True, 299. 

— tree, WiU, 299, 305, 317. 

— Wood, 197. 
Honig Appell, 245. 
Honor Belli, 261. 

Hoop or Hop tree, White, 305, 317. 
Hopps, Wild, 305. 
Hopwood, 303. 

Hordeum, Hordeum, 102-3, 110. 
Horminum, Horminum, 151. 
Horned or Horse kneekers, 356. 
Hottonia, 204. 
Houstonia, 201. 
Humulus, 3. 
Hutehinsia, 28. 
Hyacinthus, Hyacinthus, 34-5. 
Hydrocharis, 175. 
Hydrocotyle, 41. 
Hydrodictyon, 228. 
Hydrophyllum, 194. 
Hygrophila, 309. 
Hyloeomium, 205-7, 213, 215. 
Hymenaea, 254. 
Hymenoearpus, 13. 
Hymenochaete, 222. 
Hymenophyllum, 209. 
Hyoacyamus, Hyoscyamus, 47. 
Hyoseris, 81. 
Hypecoum, Hypecoon, 25. 
Hypericum, Hypericum, 44, 286, 
Hypnum, 205-10, 212-14. 
Hypochaeris, 77-8, 80. 
Hypopitys, 173. 
Hypoxia, 38. 
Hyptis, 805. 
Hyssopifolia, 201. 
Hyssopua, Hyssopus, 142-3. 



laca, 305. 

Iberis, Iberis, 27-9. 

Ichnooarpus, 805. 

Iddumbyly marram, 305. 

Igasur, 246. 

Illeoebrum, 61. 

Hex, Ilex, 234, 250. 

Illapy, 305. 

Impatiens, 25. 

Imperata, 105. 

Imperatoria, 125. 

Indigo, 314-15. 

Indigofera, 15, 282, 314-15. 

Inga, 805. 

Inimhoy, 256. 

Intybus, 75-6. 

Inula, 68, 86, 89, 90, 92. 

Ipecacuanha, 305. 

Ipomoea, 2, 312. 

Iris, Iris, 33. 

Ironwood, 309. 

Irrumbally, 312. 

Isagar, 304. 

laatis, Isatis, 26. 

laoetes, 194. 

laopyrum, 40, 163. 

Isothecium, 213. 

Iva, 83. 

Ixana maram, 305. 

Ixora, 244, 294. 

Jacea, 94-5. 

Jack in a box, 240, 305. 

Jacobaea, 87-8. 

Jamaica Pepper, 248. 

Jampaba, 305. 

Jangomas, 272, 

Jania, 228-30. 

Jaaione, 48. 

Jasmine, 305, 315. 

— Red, 815. 

Jasminum, 293-4, 317. 

Jasminum, 234, 284, 293-4, 297, 315. 

Jasonia, 89. 

Jatropha, 140,302-3. 

Jetaiba, 254. 

Jews Kut or Juis Nut, 306. 

Judaica arbor, 253. 

Juglana, 235. 

Jujuba, 240-1. 

Juncaria, 195. 

Juneellus, Juncellus, 115-16. 

.luncoides, 113, 117. 

Juneus, Juncus, 113-15, 119. 



INDEX OP PLANT-NAMES 



337 



Jungermannia, 208-9. 

Juniperus, Juniperus, 249-50, 270, 

311. 
Jussiaea, 248. 
Justicia, 158, 283. 

Kdbo-lossa, 316. 
Kaida Taddi, 101. 
Kaka-Todalli, 269. 
Kakousa, 238. 
Kali, 63-4. 
Kalmla, 311-12. 
Kanden Kara, 315. 
Kantia, 208. 
Kapamava, 244. 
Kari-vettt, 243. 
Karyl, 238. 
Katm Kadali, 286. 
Kattakai, 235. 
Kaukin, 305. 
Kaye Baka, 298. 
Kentranthus, 86. 
Kethesmar, 253. 
Kiggelaria, 272. 
Killepy marram, 305. 
KitcKeUy, 305. 
— morom, 244. 
Knowltonia, 125, 
Kobbenna, 308. 
Koeleria, 105-7. 
Kohockmal, 305. 
Kouda-puUu, 104. 
Kudhumeris, 272. 
yt«2ft«mtris, 250. 

Lablolly, 305. 

Laburnum, iabMrnwrn, 254. 

Lachnea, 222. 

Lacimaria, 94. 

Lactuca, Xactoa, 76-7. 

Lageoaria, 3. 

Lagoecia, 122. 

Lagunis, 105. 

Lallemantia, 150. 

Lamarkia, 109. 

Laminaria, 225. 

Lamium, Lamium, 148-9. 

Lampatan, 292. 

Lantana, Lantana, 179, 264, 307. 

Lapathum, 58-9. 

Laportea, 158. 

Lappa, 96. 

Lappula, 161. 

Lapsana, 75-6. 



Larix, Larix, 231, 232. 

Laserpitium, 124, 132, 134. 

Laserpitium, 134. 

Lastrea, 188. 

Lathraea, 171-3. 

Lathyrus, Lathyrus, 3-6. 

Laurencia, 224. 

Laureola, 265, 269. 

Laurocerasus, 243. 

Laurus, 236, 317. 

Laurus, 180, 233, 236-7, 243, 263, 

268, 315. 
Laurustinus, 268. 
Lavandula, 141. 
Lavatera, 50. 
Lavandula, 141. 
Lawsonia, 309. 
Leathercoat tree, 305. 
Lecauora, 218. 
Ledon, 285. 

Ledum, Ledum, 285-6, 314-15. 
Legousia, 43. 
Lemna, 203. 
Lens, 4, 5. 
Lens, 4, 203. 
Lenticula, 203. 
LentisGus, 247. 
Leonitis, 148. 
Leontice, 25-6. 
Leontodon, 77-8, 80-1. 
Leontopetalon, 25-6. 
Leontopodium, 84. 
Leonurus, 147. 
Lepidium, Lepidium, 27-9. 
LeptocUilus, 183. 
Leptogium, 216. 
Lepturus, 103. 
Leskea, 214. 
Lespedeza, 281. 
Leucadendron, 289, 310. 
Leucanthemum, 70. 
Leucas, 148. 
Leucobryum, 211. 
Leucodendros, 233. 
Leuoodon, 207. 
Leucoium, 20-1, 23, 34. 
Leucojum, 34. 
Leucospermum, 233. 
Leuzea, 95. 

Levisticum, Levisticum, 124. 
Lewisanus, 289. 
Liatris, 94. 
Libanotis, 127. 
Libanotis, 131, 733. 



338 



INDEX OF PLANT-NAMES 



Lichen, 204-5, 218, 220. 
Light Rowiem, 805. 
Lignum Corral, 255. 

— Corallinum, 305. 
■ — ferreum, 805, 

■ — Sapan, 256. 

— vilae, 2Cil->. 
Ligusticum, 124, 127. 
Ligustrum, Llgustrum, 269, 284. 
Lilac, 284. 

LiHonarcissug, 34. 

Lilium, Lilium, 37-8, 180. 

Lima, 244. 

Lime Tree, 244. 

Limnanthemum, 175. 

Limnophyton, 181. 

Limo, 244. 

Limodorum, 172-3. 

Limonla, 235, 317. 

Limoniastrum, 195. 

Limonium, Limonium, 194-5. 

Limosella, 196. 

Linaria, Linaria, 47-8. 

Lingita Cervina, 182-3. 

Linnaea, 58. 

Linum, Linum, 58, 61. 

Liparis, 172. 

Lippia, 156. 

Liquidambar, 287, 261, 315. 

Ligiiid-Ambari arbor, 261, 315. 

Liriodendron, 233. 

Listera, 170. 

Lithospermum, 159-61. 

Lithospermum, 120, 161. 

Litsea, 235, 237. 

Littorella, 114. 

Lobelia, 32, 44. 

Lobus, 255, 303. 

Lolium, Lolium, 108, 113. 

Lomentaria, 224. 

Lonas, 71. 

LonchUis, 184, 186. 

Long Pepper, 196. 

Loniceva, 269, 292. 

Lophanthiis, 143. 

Lophocolea, 208. 

Loranthus, 314. 

Loropetalum, 277. 

Loiodendron, 242. 

Lotus, 12. 

Lotus, 12, 242, 252. 

Luouma, 805. 

Luffa, 8. 

Lunaria, 21. 



Lunaria, 198. 

Lunularia, 204. 

Lupinus, Lujiinus, 6. 

Lupulus, 3. 

Luteola, 202. 

Lychnis, Lychnis, 52-5. 

Lycium, 264. 

Lycium, 242, 271-2, 275, 315. 

Lycoperdon, 221. 

Lycopersicum, 176. 

Lycopodium, 205, 207, 209. 

Lycopsis, 159. 

Lycopus, 147. 

Lygodium, 185, 190, 193. 

Lysimacbia, 47, 57. 

Lysimachia, 24. 

Lythrum, 46-7, 201. 

Machilus, 236. 
Maddy Cotan, 2. 
Madotheca, 208. 
Maesa, 240. 
Magnolia, 233. 
Magydaris, 123. 
Mahaaembilla, 240. 
Maha^Indi, 297. 
Mahaleb, 241. 
Maiden Plum, 238. 
Malabathrum, 238, 815. 
MaXago maram, 241. 
Malaxis, 170. 
Malcomia, 20. 
Mallam Toddali, 248. 
Mallotus, 253. 
Malope, 50. 
Malpighia, 241. 
Malus, 239, 243, 244. 

— Armeniaca, 239. 
— - Aurantia, 244. 

— Cotonea, 315. 

— Persica, 289. 
Malva, Malva, 50-1. 
Malvastrum, 51. 
Mamay arbor, 239. 
Mammilaria, 101. 
Mammea, 239. 
Mammee supporta, 305. 
Mamorea, 245. 
Manally Coy, 51. 
Mandaru, 254, 310. 
Mandarry, 253. 

Mandragora, Mandragora, 178 
Manghala, 306. 

Manghas, 240. 



INDEX OP PLANT-NAMES 



339 



Mangifera, 237, 240. 
Mango, 237, 240. 

— Broad leafed, 240. 

— Tree, 240. 
Mangrauve grape, 306. 
Mangroue, 265, 306. 
Mangroue Apple, 243. 
Manihot, 140. 
Mannullee, 306. 
Mao, 240. 
Marchantia, 205. 
Mariana, 97. 
Mariscus, 116. 
Marjorana, 142. 

Marrubium, Marrubium, 146-7. 
Marsilea, 203. 
Marsupella, 209. 

Marum, 145, 156. 

Massinilia, 245, 246. 

MasHck tree, 237, 315. 

Mathiola, 20-1. 

Matricaria, Matricaria, 71-2. 

Meconopsis, 25. 

Medica, 9, 281. 

Medicago, 9-11. 

Medicin boom, 306. 

Melampyrum, Melampyrum, 157. 

Melastoma, 256. 

Melia, 242, 311. 

Melianthus, Melianthus, 176. 

Melica, 106, 112. 

Melilotus, Melilotus, 11. 

Melissa, Melissa, 153. 

Melittis, 148. 

Mella Cauna, 197. 

MeUy remboo, 242. 

Melo, 3. 

Melocaetus, 101. 

Melocarduus, 101. 

Memecylon, 269. 

Menispermum, 296. 

Mentastrum, 144. 

Mentha, 143, 147-50. 

Mentha, 148-5. 

Menyanthes, 196. 

Mercurialis, Mercurialis, 64. 

Mesembryanthemum, 174. 

Mespil boom, 299. 

Mespilus, 251-2, 268, 274, 277. 

Meum, Meum, 123. 

Mezoneuron, 256. 

Mibora, 108. 

Miohelia, 308. 

Miconia, 250, 273, 299. 



z 2 



Mieromeria, 154. 
Mioropus, 84. 
Mila Larree ela, 267, 310, 
Mile addy, 310. 
Milium, 104, 107, 111. 
Milium, 107, 
Milkwood tree, 309. 
Mii:e addy, 267. 
Millefolium, 72-3, 204. 
Mimosa, 256. 
Mimosae facie, 250, 252. 
Mimulus, 45. 
Mimusops, 305, 307. 
Mint, Bough Spear, 144. 
Mirabile, Mirabilis, 194. 
MirobaZanus, 239. 
Mitragyna, 316. 
Mitrophora, 87. 
Mittu gamba, 306. 
Mixa, 239. 

Mnium, 208-12, 214-15. 
Mocaretty, 87. 
Modera canni, 306. 
Modira Caniram, 246. 
Moehringia, 55. 
Moenchia, 56. 
Mohrodendron, 307. 
Mokariti, Mokreia, 87. 
Molinia, 109. 
MoUe, 247. 
Mollugo, 55. 
Mollugo, 136. 
Molopospermum, 127. 
Moluca, 147. 
Moluccella, 147. 
Moly, 36-7. 
Momordica, 3. 
Monarda, 146. 
Moueses, 173. 
Monochoria, 202. 
Monotropa, 172-3. 
Montia, 58. 

Moocurrunday Oheddy, 198. 
Moricandia, 17. 
Morifolia, 251. 
Moringa, 315. 
Morus, 236, 250-1, 315. 
Morus, 250-1, 315. 
Moxa, 66. 

Movenam Gamboo, 303. 
Mulacka Pela, 314. 
Mulepo chedde, 306. 
Mulla Carunny, 269. 
MuUar connee, 260. 



540 



INDEX OF PLANT-NAMES 



Mulla Buncly, 806. 

Mully Verumbo, 811. 

Mundu Murungu, 282. 

Mungunumal, 305. 

Mmi Jack leaf, 306. 

Muntingia, 268. 

Muricu, 254. 

Musa, 298. 

Muscari, 34-5. 

Musco-fyngus, 216-20. 

Muscus, 205-16, 219, 224. 

— marirms, 228-9. 

Mutty maram, 306. 

Myagrum, 24. 

Myagrvm, 30. 

Myosotis, 161-2. 

Myiica, 237, 263, 266, 313-15. 

Myricaria, 289. 

Myriophyllum, 204. 

Myrrhis, Myrrhis, 129. 

Myrsine, 270. 

ifyrOe, Birds Nesi, 273. 

Myrto-Cistus, 286. 

Myrtus, 263, 273. 

Nyrtus, 248, 266, 273, 315. 

Nago muUy, 306. 

Naias, 230. 

Natta mulla, 293. 

Nam Cassa, 306. 

Namurra maram, 239. 

Nandi enatam, 294. 

Nandy ary totcleoree, 240, 306. 

Nanga-rtopa, 310. 

Nanjaroopa, 306. 

Napus, 17. 

Narcissus, Narcissus, 33-4. 

Nardia, 209. 

Nardo, 87. 

Nardus, 112. 

Nardus, 121. 

Nanee naga marram, 306. 

Narri Coraccoi, 306. 

Nanuly, 242. 

Narrum gongee, 306. 

Narry Vendi, 6. 

Narthecium, 31. 

Narum-panel, 306. 

Narundaly Cuddy, 312. 

Narwooly marram, 301, 

Jfan/ Corundoo, 306. 

Nasturtium, 18, 20. 

Nasturtium, 2, 18, 28. 

Natsjatam, 248. 



Naurovela Chedde, 305-6. 
Nechetty, 806. 
Neckera, 206, 213. 
Nectandra, 237. 
Nectria, 222. 
ffeen nermgj/, 306. 
Neerady maram, 306. 
ifeer cAediy, 306. 
— roattee, 806. 
ifeffo muUy, 294. 
Negundo, Negundo, 259. 
Neillia, 287. 
TJ'elom PWia, 197. 
Nelingy maram, 306. 
2fe!to Comra, 310. 
J^eMa ComuZ, 310. 
JfcIZa ifo/fe, 309. 
Nellanaumbooe, 283. 
Nella pedica, 313. 
Nelumbium, 175, 203. 
Neolitsea, 237. 
Neottia, 17S. 
Nepenthes, 307. 
Nepeta, 144, 146, 153-5. 
Nepeta, 154-5. 
Nephrodium, 185-9, 193. 
Neptunia, 309. 
Nerine, 34. 
Neringda, 6. 
Nerion, 290. 
Nerium, 290, 316. 
Nerium, 285-6, 290, 315. 
Neslia, 24. 

Nettle Tree, 250, 272, 315. 
Nicotiana, Nicotiana, 47. 
Nidorella, 83. 
Nigella, Nigella, 175-6. 
NikadamUa, 237. 
Nil, 15, 282. 
NiUy maram, 306. 
Nir carumby, 244, 

— woodavy, 313. 
Nltophyllum, 223-4. 
Noltea, 237, 270, 311. 
Nona maram, 245. 
Nonnea. 159. 

Noot Eunilcad, 306. 

— muscat boom, 235. 
Nostoc, 221. 
Notholaena, 191. 
Notobasis, 98. 
Nucheela clieddy, 267. 
Nummularia, 57. 
Nut, Hickery, 235. 



INDEX OF PLANT-NAMES 



341 



Nut, French Physick, 140. 
Nux Americana, 235. 

— Been, 315. 

— Curassavica, 235. 

— Juglans, 235. 

— Laurifolia, 235. 

— Zeylanica, 235, 

— moschata, 235. 

— Pistacia, 237. 

— Syrinamensis, 306. 

— xesicaria, 263. 
Nyotauthes, 294, 317. 
Nymphaea, Nymphaea, 175. 
Nymphoides, 175. 

Oak, Chinquapin, 234. 

— Female Bitter, 234. 

— Pokikeor, 234. 

— iJo!/aZi, 234. 

— Scarlet, 234. 

— Spanish, 254. 

— Titrtei/, 234. 

— Fz'rpim'a, 234. 
Oholaria, 173. 
Oohna, 249. 
Oehrolechia, 218. 
Ochrics, 4. 

Ocimum, Ocimum, 153. 
Odonthalia, 224. 
Odontosoria, 191. 
Odontospermum, 68. 
Oenanthe, Omarithe, 126-7. 
Oenoplia, 301. 
Oenothera, 24, 
Oepata, 306. 
0A;«, see Oafc. 
Olea, 237, Olea, 243. 
Oleander, 290, 316. 
Oleaster, 243. 
Omphalodes, 159, 161. 
Onobryehis, Onobrychis, 8, 281 
Onoclea, 184. 
Ononis, 12. 
Onopliae species, 269. 
Ouopordon, 97. 
Onosma, 160. 
Onosmodium, 161. 
Ophioglossum, 185, Ophiogloi 

193. 
Ophiurus, 103. 
Ophrys, 170-1. 
Oplismenus, 107. 
Opoponax, 132. 
Opulus, 264. 



Orchis, Orchis, 171-2. 

OreUana, 316. 

Oreoselinum, 133. 

Origanum, Origanum, 141-2. 

Orleana, 236, 316. 

Ornithogalum, Omiihogalum, 35, 38. 

Omithopodium,, 7. 

Ornithopus, 7-8. 

Ornus, 251, 260. 

Orobanche, Orobanche, 172-3. 

Orobus, Orobus, 5-6. 

Ortega, 195. 

Orthotriehum, 210, 214, 

Oryza, Oryza, 110. 

Oryzopsls, 111. 

Osbeckia, 286. 

Osmunda, Osmunda, 187, 192-3. 

Ostrya, Ostiya, 259-60. 

Osyris, Osyris, 267, 310. 

Othonna, 88. 

Ovelly Maram, 258, 316. 

Oxalis, 13, 15. 

Oxya, 236. 

Oxyacantha, Oxyacanthus, 251-2, 274, 

316. 
Oxycedrus, 249. 
Oxycoccus, Oxycoccus, 274. 
Oxyria, 59. 
Oyster green, 223. 

Paco, 306. 

Padina, 223. 

Paeonia, Paeonia, 162-3. 

Paepalanthus, 121. 

Faina SchuUi, 250. 

Palamaletta, 306. 

Palam chedde, 311. 

Palan chedde, 306. 

Palisada boom, 306. 

Paliurus, Paliurus, 272. 

Pallensis, 68. 

Palma, 297-8. 

Panax, 131-2. 

Pandanus, 101. 

Pancratium, 34. 

Panel, 306. 

Panicastrella, 107. 

Panieum, Panicum, 104-5, 107, 109, 

197, 
Panja Panjola, 261. 
Pan us, 222. 
Papaia, 245. 
Papaver, Papaver, 24-5. 
PapuUy, 306-7. 



342 



INDEX OF PLANT-NAMES 



Paradises, 81. 

Farmlla, 294, 806. 

Parielai'ia, Parietaria, 62. 

Paris, ] 78. 

Parkia, 257. 

Parmelia, 217-20. 

Parnassia, 173. 

Paronychia, 61. 

Paronychiae facie Planta, 201. 

Parthenium, 65, 78. 

Parthenocissus, 297. 

Parvella mally, 317. 

Passerina, 271, 288. 

Passerina, 317. 

Passiflora, 1. 

Pastinaea, Paslinaca, 130, 132. 

Pauk marram, 316. 

Pa2da muUee, 259, 317. 

Paullinia, 269. 

Pavlpronee, 296. 

Pauregera Melle chedde, 259, 317. 

Pavia, 316. 

Pawella muUy, 259. 

Paygellay Chedde, 294, 306. 

Peamlla, 294, 306. 

Pea Ellu, 309. 

Peamushattee, 307. 

Pear, Alegaior, 316. 

— Garlick, 303-4. 

Peden Veneris, 130. 

Pedicularis, Pedicularis, 157. 

Pedilanthus, 138. 

Peetandale-coUi, 313. 

Pee turriba, 243. 

Peganum, 48. 

Pegu Sasufras, 316. 

Peimenta, 248. 

Peia, 307. 

Pelan marram, 807. 

Pelandy cheddy, 307. 

Pelargonium, 50. 

Pellaea, 186. 

Pellia, 204^, 208. 

Peltaria, 28. 

Peltigera, 216-17. 

Peltogyne, 254. 

Pelvetia, 226. 

Pemento, 248. 

Pena, 239. 

Pennisetum, 105. 

Pentstemon, 155. 

Pentaphyllaides, 14-15. 

Pentaphyllum, 14, 26. 

Pepper, Long, 196. 



Pepper tree, 296. 

Peragu, 300. 

Peran maram, 307. 

Perfoliata, 129. 

Pergularia, 199. 

Peridymenum, 179, 269, 292-3. 

PermcoTMng, 307. 

Peringotan, 307. 

Perin panel, 310. 

Periploca, 200. 

Perotis, 105. 

PerreaurMUa, 291. 

Persea, 236, 299, Persea, 816. 

Persica, 239, 240, 263. 

Persicaria, 60. 

Petasites, Petasites, 85. 

Peucedanum, 125-6, 128, Peuceda- 

num, 131-4. 
Phacelia, 162. 
Phaecasium, 79. 
Phagnalon, 83. 
Phalangium, 31-2. 
Phalaris, Phalaris, 104-5, 109. 
Phascum, 212. 
Phaseolus, Phaseolus, 5, 254. 
Phegopteris, 186, 190. 
Phegus, 233. 
Phellandrium, 127. 
Phelypaea, 172. 
Piiiladelphus, 284. 
Philibertia, 198. 
Phillyi-ea, Phaiyrea, 268-9. 
Phllonotis, 209. 
Phleum, 106-7, 112. 
Phlomis, 147-8, 151. 
Phoenix, 297. 
Phoradendron, 298. 
Phragmites, 113. 
Phyllanthus, PhyUanttios, 183, 274, 

315. 
Phyllitis, Phyliitis, 182-3. 
PhyUon, 64. 

Phyllophora, 224, 230. 
Physalis, 17& 
Physcia, 218-19. 
Physoomitrium, 212. 
Physick Nut, Barbadoes, 140. 
— — French, 140. 

Surinam, 140. 

Phyaostegia, 155. 
Phyteuma, 42-3. 
Phytolacca, 177. 
Pioea, Picea, 231. 
Picridium, 77, 82. 



INDEX OF PLAHT-NAMES 



343 



Picria, 78, 79. 

Pidgeon Wood, 264. 

Pieris, 274. 

Pignut, 235. 

Pilboom, 301. 

Pilea, 315. 

Pilosella, 81. 

Pilularia, 198. 

Pimenta, 248. 

Pimpinella, 126, 128, 130. 

Pimpinella, 122, 126. 

Pinaster, 232. 

Pinea, 101. 

Pinguicula, 45. 

Pinny maram, 307. 

Pinus, Pinus, 231-2. 

Piolboom, 301. 

Piper, Piper, 196, 265. 

Piscidia, 255, 308. 

Pishamin, 252. 

Plsonia, 264. 

Pistacia, ^istacia, 237, 247, 263. 

Pistia, 203. 

Pistolochia, 174. 

Pisum, Pisum, 3. 

Piurna, 279. 

Plagiochila, 208. 

Plagiothecium, 207-8, 214-15. 

Planta Becabungae, 31. 

Planiaginella, 196. 

Plantago, Plantago, 114, 121, 122. 

Planta Indica, 316. 

Ptantoine iree, 298. 

Platanus, Platanus, 261. 

Platysma, 217. 

Pleuridium, 215. 

Pleurospermum, 126. 

Pleurozia, 209. 

Plocamium, 224. 

Pluchea, 86. 

Plumaria, 229. 

Plumbago, Plumbago, 194. 

Plumeria, 290, 315. 

Plumularia, 228. 

Pneumaria, 160-1. 

Poa, 103-4, 108-9, 112. 

Podophyllum, 179. 

Pogonatum, 211. 

Pogonia, 170. 

Pogudda Chad, 807. 

Pokikeor, 234. 

Polemonium, 162, 197. 

Polianthea, 35. 

Polipody, 183. 



Polium, 141. 

Polyalthia, 306, 310. 

Polycarpaea, 84. 

Polyearpon, 56, 61. 

Polycnemum, 201. 

Polygala, 31. 

Polygala, 7, 31, 274, 282-3. 

Polygonatum, Polygonatum, 179-80. 

Polygonum, Polygonum, 60-1, 316. 

Polyides, 227. 

Polymnia, 69. 

Polypodium, Polypodium, 183-8, 190. 

Polypogon, 105. 

Polysiphonia, 227-8. 

Polystichum, 184-5, 187-9. 

Polytrichum, 211. 

Pome Citron, 244. 

Pome Granate, 244. 

Pomifera indica, 243, 316. 

Pona, 316. 

Ponanga chedde, 307. 

Ponanga nary marram, 307. 

Pongamia, 307. 

Pontederia, 202. 

Poona Congerrij, 140. 

Poongally marram, 307. 

Populus, Populus, 261. 

Poronia, 222. 

Porophyllum, 87. 

Porotrichum, 207. 

Porphyra, 223. 

Porrum, 36. 

Portulaca, Portulaca, 58. 

Posoqueria, 296. 

Potamogeton, Polamogeton, 60. 

Potentilla, 14-15. 

Poterium, 122. 

Pothos, 183. 

Pottia, 212, 214-15. 

Pomy Chedde, 77. 

Poyson tree, 137. 

— Wyth, 294. 

Prasium, 153. 

Praya maram, 307. 

Pieisaia, 205. 

Pienanthes, 76. 

Preslia, 145. 

Priapus vegeiabilis, 307. 

Prickle Apple, 245. 

Prickly red wood, 308. 

Pride of Barbadoes, 313. 

Priestleya, 313. 

Primula, 56. 

Prionitis, 128. 



344 



INDEX OF PLANT-NAMES 



Protea, 283. 

Prunella, Prunella, 142-3. 

Fiimifera, 238-9, 243, 316. 

Prunus, 233, 238-41, 243, 263, 316. 

Prunus, 238, 239, 316 

Psamma, 103. 

Pseudo-apocynum, 200, 

— -asphodeluSj 31. 

China, 292. 

Cytisus, 281. 

dictamnus, 147. 

— gnaphalium, 84. 

— helichrysum, 83-4. 
helleborus, 164. 

— -marrubium, 147. 

— -orchis, 172. 

Platanus, 261. 

. rubia, 137. 

salvia, 151. 

— spartium, 278. 

— Valeriana, 87. 
Pseudolmedia, 309. 
Psidium, 244, 314. 
Psophocarpus, 309. 
Psoralea, 8, 278-9, 314. 
Psyehotria, 179. 
Psyllium, 122. 
Ptelea, 317. 

Pteris, 183, 185-6, 189-90, 192-3. 

Pterocai'pus, 306. 

Pfcerocephalug, 88. 

Pterygophyllum, 214. 

Ptilidium, 213. 

Ptyehotis, 126, 128. 

Pulegium, 145. 

Puliearia, 68, 89. 

PuUachy maram, 268. 

Pulmonaria, 160-1. 

Pulsatilla, 39. 

Pumple Nose, 244. 

Punanchidde, 268. 

PungaUy, 237. 

Pungo marram, 307. 

Punlca, 244. 

Punnanganarre, 300. 

Purgeing Corner'd Hash nut, 303. 

Putta tawny, 239, 240. 

Pu-WaMi, 304. 

Pycnanthemum, 145-6. 

Pycreus, 116. 

Pyecrust, 307. 

Pyracantha, 274. 

Pyrethrum,ll, 128. 

Pyi-ola, Pyrola, 173. 



Pyrus, 248, 251, 252, 277, 315-16, 

317. 
Pyrus, 243-4. 

Quararibea, 304 . 
QuauhayohuaUi, 255. 
Quereus, Quercus, 233-4. 
Quercus marina, 230. 
Quince tree, 315. 
Quona chedde, 255. 

Raeodium, 221. 

Radaelijawael, 304. 

Eadicula, 18-20. 

Eadiola, 61. 

Badix Idaea, 274, 

Radula, 208. 

Eafnia, 279. 

Ramalina, 216, 218-19. 

Ramondia, 56. 

Randia, 272, 317. 

Ranunculus, Ranunculus, 39-42, 164. 

Rapa, 17. 

Raphanus, Raphanus, 20, 23-4. 

Eapistrum, 24. 

Rapunculus, 42-3. 

Ratambala, 294. 

Rattle Snake Root, The great, 175. 

Reaumuria, 169. 

Red Willow, 308. 

Red Wine Orape, 291. 

Red wood. Prickly, 308. 

Red wood, tree, 308. 

Reichardia, 77. 

Reseda, 195,201-2. 

Reseda, 201. 

Rha, 202. 

Rhacomitrium, 206. 

Rhagadiolus, 75. 

Rhamnus, 248, 270, 272, 274, 310. 

Rhamnus, 264, 272, 274-5, 315. 

Rhapkanistrum, 31. 

Rheum, 58, 202. 

Rhinacanthus, 301, 306. 

Rhinanthus, 157-8. 

Rhodiola, 165. 

Rhododendron, 285-6, 293, 315. 

Rhodymenia, 224. 

Rhoi-similis, 316. 

Rhus, 266-7, 296, 311. 

Rhus, 266-7, 287. 

Rhynchocorys, 158. 

Rhyncospora, 117. 

Ribes, Riles, 202, 276-7. 



INDEX OF PLANT-NAMES 



345 



Kibesium, 276. 
Rioasolia, 217. 
Richardia, 181. 
Ricinus, Bicinus, 140. 
Ridolphia, 132. 
Siver Pear, 245. 
Ririna, 177. 
Robinia, 258, 309. 
Robwr, 233. 
Roccella, 216, 220. 
Rochea, 166. 
Rod Wood, SmaU, 309. 

White, 309. 

Roemeria, 25. 

Rosa, Rosa, 275-6, 317. 

Rose, Mrs. Harfs, 275. 

— Tork and Lancaster, 275. 

Rosmarinus, Rosmarinus, 154, 314. 

Rosmary, Wild, 307. 

Rossolis, 203, 311. 

Rowiem, Light, 305. 

RoyaXl Oke, 234. 

Royena, 263, 274. 

Rubeola, 137. 

Rubia, Rubia, 135-7. 

Rubus, Rubus, 167, 295, 311. 

Rudbeckia, 68-9, 73. 

Ruellia, 283, 307. 

Rumex, 58-9. 

Ruppia, 60. 

Rusous, RusiMs, 1 80. 

Rata, Ruia, 48. 

Ruta Muraria, 190. 

Rutrasha caudamba, 257, 305, 316. 

Rynchospora, 117. 

Saamouna, 316. 

Sabdurissa, 52. 

Sabina, 249, 270. 

Saccharum, 105. 

Saccorhiza, 225. 

Safflore, 96. 

Sage Tree, 307. 

Sage, Wild, 307. 

Sagina, 56. 

Sagittaria, Sagiitaria, 202. 

Salieornia, 64. 

Salix, Salix, 261-2, 817. 

Sally tree, 307. 

Salsola, 64. 

Salvia, Salvia, 150-2. 

Sambach, 31, 317. 

Sambucus, 179, 271. 

Sambucus, 179, 264, 271. 



Samolus, 30. 

Sanamunda, 265-6. 

Sandall, 307. 

Sanders, Black, 307. 

Saneing tree, 317. 

Sanguinaria, 23. 

Sanguisorba, 122. 

Sanicula, Sanicula, 56, 64. 

Sautalum, 242. 

Santalum, 256. 

Santolina, 66-7. 

Sapindus, 235. 

Sapium, 137. 

Saponaria, 53-4. 

Saponaria, 54, 239, 307. 

Sargassum, Sargasso, 226. 

Sarracenia, 179. 

Sassafras, Sassafras, 247, 812. 

Sasa/ras, Pegu, 816. 

Satureia, 154. 

Satureia, 145-6, 152-3. 

Satyrium, 171. 

Saussurea, 96. 

Savastana, 108. 

Savin, 249. 

Savin tree, 266, 317. 

Saxifraga, Saxifraga, 123-4. 

Scabiosa, Scabiosa, 73-5. 

Scammonium, 292. 

Scandix, Scandix, 129-30. 

Scapania, 209, 211. 

Scarlet Oak, 234. 

Sohinus, 247. 

Schizaea, 192. 

Schleiehera, 239. 

Schoenus, 104, 107, 114-17, 119. 

Schunda-pana, 297. 

Soilla, Scilla, 35, 37. 

Scirpus, 114-17. 

Scleranthus, 61. 

Seleria, 116. 

Scolymus, 76. 

Scorpio-genista, 280. 

Scorpioides, 7. 

Scorpiuiijs, 7. 

Scorpiurus, 162. 

Scorpius, 279, 317. 

Scortea, 805. 

Soorzonera, Scorsonera, 82. 

Scotch Firr, 232. 

Scrophularia, Scrophularia, 45-6. 

Scutellaria, Scutellaria, 155. 

Scutia, 315. 

Sea belt, The curVd, 225. 



346 



INDEX OF PLANT-NAMES 



Sea-CJiickweed, Hoary, 56. 

Sea-Fans, 229. 

Sebestena, 239. 

Secale, Secale, 102. 

Securidaca, 6. 

Seourigera, 6. 

Sedo affinis, 166. 

Sedum, Sedum, 165-9. 

Selaginella, 206, 20'7, 209, 214. 

Selago, 73. 

Selinum, 133. 

Semecarpiis, 240. 

Semele, 180. 

Semperyivum, 166-7. 

Senecio, 84, 87-8, 90-2, 139. 

Senecio, 87. 

Senna, 15. 

Serapias, 171. 

Seringowmilam, 307. 

Seriocarpus, 90-1. 

Seriphium, 85. 

Serpyllum, 152. 

Serratula, 93-4, 96. 

Serratula, 93. 

Sertulai'ia, 228. 

Sesamoides, 195. 

Sesamum, 25, 

Sesamum, 309. 

Sesbania, Sesban, 6. 

Seseli, 123-4, 6. 

Seseli, 126, 129, 132-3. 

Sesleria, 106. 

Setaria, 105. 

Sewin, 307. 

Shaddock, 244. 

Sheca acherry, 258. 

Sheranlan chedde, 307, 317. 

Sherardia, 137. 

Sherry pasha, 201. 

Sheru Pallada, 11. 

Shelti, 294. 

Sibthorpia, 48. 

Sida, 51. 

Sideritis, 146-7, 149-50, 152. 

Sideritis, 149-50. 

Sideroxylum, 237, 307. 

Sieglingia, 102. 

Silaus, 126, 131. 

Silene, 52-5, 195. 

Siler, Siler, 124. 

Siliqua, 253, 254, 255, 256, 278. 

Siliquastrum, 253. 

Siliquosus frutex, 302, 817. 

Silphium, 69. 



Silver tree, 310. 

Silybum, 97. 

Simocheilus, 271. 

Sinapis, Sinapi, 17. 

Sirrucullar, 271. 

Sisarum, 126. 

Sisrn,, 126. 

Sison, 128, 129. 

Siayrabrium, 17-20, 22. 

Sisymbrium, 145. 

Sisyrinchium, 38. 

Sium, Stum, 125-6, 128-9. 

Slang Cruit, 293. 

Small Mangroue, 255. 

Smilaoina, 180. 

Smilax, Smilax, 291-2, 302. 

Smyrnium, Smyrnium, 125. 

Snap grass, 283. 

— tree, 283. 
Snowdrop tree, 307. 
Solanifolia, 64. 
Solano Congener, 178. 
Solanum, 176-8, 294, 313. 
Solanum, 176-8, 294. 
Soldanella, Soldanella, 26. 
Solidago, 91-2. 

Sona mully, 307. 

Sonchus, Sonohus, 76-7, 79, 82. 

Sophera, 5. 

Sophora, 282. 

Sorbus, 244. 

Sor!)«s, 244, 251, 252, 317. 

Sorghum, 107, 109, 116. 

Soria, 31. 

Smrrell, 52. 

Sowre chery tree, 241. 

SojiTe sop, 245. 

S^am'sA Bateam <r«e, 302. 

Spanish Gooseberryes, 274. 

Spanish oke, 254. 

Sparganium, S^arjaniwrn, 120. 

Sparleum, 279. 

Spartina, 112, 120. 

Spartium, Spartium, 278. 

Spear Afm(, Bough, 144. 

Spergula, 55. 

Speigularia, 55. 

Sphaeranthug, 89. 

Sphaerococeus, 224. 

Sphaerophoron, 220. 

Sphagnum, 206, 212, 215. 

Sphondylium, 132. 

Spina acida, 269. 

— Bourgi, 270. 



INDEX or PLANT-NAMES 



347 



Spina infectoria, 275. 
Spiuacia, Spinachia, 62. 
Spirit weed, 307. 

— wood, 309. 
Spiraea, 134-5. 
Spiraea, 286-7. 
Spirauthes, 171. 
Splachnum, 210-11. 
Spondias, 235, 238. 
Sprekelia, 34. 
Staavia, 68. 

Staehys, 143, 147-9, 150. 
Stachys, 147-8. 
Stachytarpheta, 156. 
Staelielina, 83, 94. 
Staphis agria, 165. 
Staphylea, 263. 
Staphylodendron, 263. 
Starr Apple, 301. 
Statice, 194-5, 289. 
Stella Leguminosa, 6. 
Stellaria, 54-5. 
Stellaria, 198. 
Stellera, 161. 
Stenoohlaena, 185. 
Steroulia, 235, 238. 
Sterocaulon, 217. 
Sternbergia, 32. 
Sticta, 218-20. 
Stictina, 217. 
Sfcipa, 112. 
Stoebe, 85, 289. 
Stoebe, 94. 
Stoechas, 141. 
Stoper Berry, 307. 
Stramonia, 286. 
Stramonium, 197-8. 
Stratiotes, Stratiotes, 203. 
Streblus, 311. 
Streptopus, 180. 
Strychno8, 246, 307. 
Stypocaulon, 230. 
Sii/roa;, 287, 261,315. 
Suaeda, 68-4. 
Subularia, 114. 
Subularia, 194. 
Sugar apple, 245. 
Surro mandary, 253. 
Sutherlandia, 282. 
Swamp Bay tree, 287. 
Sueet Bay, 317. 
Siceet Sop, 245. 

— sultan, 93. 

— tuft, 307. 



Sweet wood, 287, 238, 309. 
— wood. Bastard, 308. 
Swertia, 169. 

Symphytum, Symphytum, 160. 
Symplocos, 302. 
Syringa, 284, 815. 
Syringa, 284, 291, 293. 

Tabaccoota maram, 307. 
Taccd cotan maram, 307. 
Taccamahacca, 247, 307. 
Tackboom, 235. 
Taeta maram, 307. 
Tagetes, 67. 
Tallow wood, 266. 
Tamalapathrum, 238, 315. 
Tamara, 175. 

Tamarindus, Tamarindus, 258. 
Tamariscus, 289. 
Tamarix, Tamarix, 289. 
Tamepay boom, 300. 
Tamus, 1. 

Tanacetum, Tanacetum, 65-6. 
Tandale cotti, 313. 
Tannego marram, 307. 
Taraxacum, 80-1. 
Tarchonanthus, 88. 
Tarenna, 251, 312. 
Tarenny, 307. 
Targlonia, 204. 
Tartonraire, 265. 
Tatto-mMrram, 267. 
Tavessy marram, 307. 
Taxodium, 232. 
Taxus, Taxus, 248. 
Tecoma, 200, 309. 
Teesdalea, 28. 
Tekka Indorum, 307. 
Telabo, 235. 
Telephium, 61. 
Telephium, 165. 
Tenga, 297. 
Tepel berry, 307. 
Terebinthus, 247. 
Tereta-pullu, 104. 
Terminalia, 239, 259, 802. 
Tespaut, 815. 
Tetracera, 299. 
Tetragonia, 308. 
Tetraphis, 214. 
Tetragonocarpos, 308. 
Tettama Coutta, 307. 
Teitcrii facie, 157. 
Teucrium, 141, 154, 166-7. 



348 



INDEX OP PLANT-NAMES 



Tgjampaca, 308. 

Thalictnim, 40, Thalicirum, 135. 

Thamnium, 207. 

Thapsia, Thapsia, 133. 

Thaspium, 125. 

The Sinensium, 263. 

Theobroma, 235, 310. 

Thesium, 195. 

Thevetia, 290. 

Thlaspi, TMaspi, 26-8, SI. 

Thrinax, 297. 

Thruta Chucca, 308. 

Thuidium, 207. 

Thuja, Thuya, 232, 249. 

Thymbra, 142. 

Thymelaea, 161, 265, 317. 

Thymelaea, 265-6, 268, 290, 317. 

Thymus, 142, 145, 152. 

Thymus, Thymum, 152. 

Thysselinum, 133. 

Tiarella, 56. 

Tilia, THia, 260. 

Tilla marram, 308. 

Tillandsia, 201. 

Tinctorius Jlos, 278. 

Tippoly, 196. 

Tithymalus, 137-9. 

Tjeru-Kirganeli, 304. 

Todalli, 248. 

Toddalia, 250, 269. 

Tofieldia, 31. 

Tolabo, 256. 

Tollety marram, 308. 

Tolpis, 78. 

Tolutee, 308. 

Tooracou pooe, 293. 

Tordylium, 131, Tmrdylium, 133. 

Tortula, 209, 212, 215. 

Tournefortia, 162, 317. 

Toxicodendriyn, 296. 

Traehelium, Trachdium, 43-4. 

Tradescantia, 197. 

Tragacaniha, 7. 

Tragi a, 140. 

Tragopogon, Tragopogon, 77, 80-2. 

Tragoriganum, 146. 

Tragus, 102. 

Trapa, 203. 

Tree Moss, 220. 

Trema, 248. 

Tremella, 216. 

Trentepohlia, 221. 

Tribulus, Triiulus, 6, 203. 

Trichomanes, 183. 



Trichomanes, 191-2. 

Trichostomum, 215-16. 

Trientalis, 173. 

Trifolium, 8, 9, 16. 

Tri/olium, 8, 11, 13, 16, 39, 196, 293. 

Triglochin, 114. 

Trigonella, 11, 12. 

Trillium, 179. 

Triopteris, Triopteris, 259, 317. 

Triorchis, 171. 

Triosteum, 179. 

Triphasia, 305, 317. 

Tripsacum, lOi. 

Trisetum, 112. 

Trismeria, 185. 

Tritlcum, 101-3, 110-11. 

Triticum, 101-2. 

Trollius, 164. 

Tropaeolum, 2. 

Trouble belly, 265. 

Tsferu-Valli-Panna, 193. 

Tsierou-kattou naregam, 316. 

Tsiovanna^areli, 290. 

Tsjeram.-cottam, 268. 

Tsuga, 231. 

Tuleraria, 312. 

Tuccal Chedde, 268. 

Tulica pooe, 293. 

Tulipifera, 233. 

Tumboo maram, 308. 

Tunica, 57. 

Tussilago, Tussilago, 85, 92-3. 

Tuta cheddy, 308. 

Tuty cherry malta, 51. 

Tylophora, 199. 

Typha, Typha, 120. 

Typhonium, 181. 

Tyrimnus, 97. 

Ulex, 279-80, 314, 317. 
Ulmaria, 134-5. 
Ulmi facie, 273. 
Ulmus, XJlmus, 260. 
Ulota, 212-14. 
Ulva, 223. 

Umbelliferis affinis, 122. 
Umbilicus, 203. 
Unangoree, 308. 
Unaupisali, 242. 
Vnedo, 251. 
Unguis Cati, 254, 
Unifolium, 180. 
XJniola, 110. 
Ureeolaria, 218. 



INDEX OF PLANT-NAMES 



349 



Urginea, 37. 
XJrospermum, 77-8, 80. 
Urtica, XJrtica, 158-9. 
Vrucu, 236, 316. 
Usnea, 219. 
Utricularia, 204. 
Um, 291. 

— marina, 316. 

— ursi, 274. 
Uvifera, 308. 
Uvidaria, 180. 

Vaccinia, 274. 
Vaccinium, 274, 310. 
Vacunny, 277. 
Vagnera, 179-80. 
Valantia, 136. 
Valeriana, Valeriana, 86-7. 
Valerianella, 87. 
Vandell Indorum, 299. 
Vanea, 308. 
Variolaria, 218. 
Varra Mooly, 157. 
Varrool Pelandy, 308. 
Vella, 28. 

— coraccoy, 308. 

— Mandary, 253. 
Vellay alengy, 308. 

— Tillapa, 308. 
FeHe conge, 248, 277. 
FeM«m 6err^ elieddy, 305. 
Velluta Mandaru, 253. 
FeHy curca, 308. 

Fei paiUa, 198. 
Fennan^o maram, 308. 
Verailjj cheddy, 259. 
Fcrate chedde, 259. 
Veratrum, 169. 
Verbaacidum, 56. 
Verbascum, 46, 56. 
Verbena, FerteMo, 155-6. 
Verbesina, 70, 74. 
Vernonia, 86, 93. 
Veronica, Veronica, 30. 
Verra pillandee, 308. 
Ferwy majTMW, 26. 
Ve.iicaria, 21. 
Viburnum, 263-4, 268. 
Viburnum, 264, 307. 
Vicia, Vicia, 4-6. 
Vidimaram, 238. 
Vinca, 200. 
Vincetoxicxim, 200. 
Viola, Viola, 44-5. 



Firga aurea, 91-2. 
Firgiman oofce, 234. 

— Plum, 238. 
Viscum, 298, 317. 

Viscum, Viscus, 298, 314, 317. 

Vitalba, 295. 

Ff(e!/i, 245. 

Vitex, Vitex, 267, 310, 317. 

Vitis, 291, 304, 307. 

Vitis, 290-1, 297. 

— Idaea, 274, 277, 301, 310. 
Vogelia, 24. 

Vdlubilis Americana, 201. 
Volutarella, 95. 
Volvulus, 2. 
Vomica, 246. 
FuZrwroria, 197. 

WaelaembUla, 240. 
Waenella, 259, 317. 
TFaiflaaj, 300. 
Walpiha, 294. 
Wandy marram, 308. 
TFass«n»!)o Curry, 116. 
Watia-kaka-kodi, 199. 
TFaton t)a;28, 200. 
Webera, 210, 214. 
Wedelia, 69. 
PFee, 308. 
Weisia, 212. 
Welikaha, 301. 
Wellay ingee, 308. 
Wellnay cheddy, 258. 
Wemboo marram., 308. 
TFeraiM, 238. 
lFAea<, 101-2. 

— Cone, 102. 

— Duck-bill, 102. 

— Groi/ Pollard, 102. 

— Jlfjii Lammas, 101. 

— i2e£i strawed, 101. 

— Square gray, 102. 

— TFAi(e Lammas, 101. 
JFM/e berry TFytt, 309. 

— raen/, 242. 

— Boo;) iree, 317. 

— Plum, 238. 

— Water Marjonum, 308. 

— wood tree, 309. 
Wilckia, 20. 

TFj7(i Honey tree, 305, 317. 

— Mamme, 239. 

— Oiive, 243. 
Willow, Bed, 308. 



350 



INDEX OF PLANT-NAMES 



Withania, 178. 

Woodga maram, 242, 309, 310. 

Woodsia, 186-7. 

Woodwardia, 184-6, 189. 

Woonam Curry, 309. 

Wooshy Melly, 2. 

Woota cheddy, 309. 

Wootall curry, 309. 

Wootameny, 199. 

Wootan Cody, 309. 

Wrightia, 198. 

TTj/ift, 294,317. 

— White berry, 309. 



XalxochoU, 244. 
Xanthium, Xanthium, 196. 
Xanthoria, 218. 

Xeranthemum, Xeranthemum, 73. 
Xocoxochitl, 237, 248. 
Xylaria, 222. 
Xylosteum, 269. 



Xyris, 114. 
Xyris, 33. 

Yam, 245. 

Yelindy, 241. 

Yellow wood, 309. 

Ferca mora, 269. 

Yetti maram, 246. 

rorft an(i Lancaster Rose, 275. 

Yucca, y«ca, 38. 

Zacintha, 75. 
Zea, 120, Zea, 110. 
Zephyranthes, 34. 
Zilla, 16. 
Zingiber, 121. 
Ziziphora, 146, 152. 
Zizypha, Zizyphus, 240. 
Zizyphus, 288, 240-1, 272. 
Zostera, 225. 
Zygodon, 214-15. 
Zygophyllum, 25. 



Oxford : Horace Hart M.A., Printer to the University